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ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



OF 

NEW YORK 



A Life Record of Men and Women of the Past 

Whose Sterling Character and Energy and Industry Have Made 
Them Preeminent in Their Own and Many Other States 



BY 



CHARLES ELLIOTT FITCH. L. H. D. 

Lawyer, Journalist, Educator; Editor and Contributor to Many Newspapers 

and Magazines ; ex-Regent New York University ; Supervisor 

Federal Census (N. Y.) iS8o; Secretary New 

York Constitutional Convention, 1894 



JLLUSTR.VTED 



THE AMERICAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

INCORPORATED 

BOSTON NEW YORK CHICAGO 

I 9 I 6 



Both justice and decency require that we should bestow on our forefathers 
an honorable remembrance — Thucydides 



1233056 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ROOSEVELT, Theodore, 

Soldier, Statesman, Author. 

Colonel Theodore Roosevelt, twenty- 
sixth President of the United States, was 
born in New York City, October 27, 1858, 
eldest son of Theodore and Martha (Bul- 
loch) Roosevelt. He was of Holland 
ancestry, and his father was a man of 
sterling qualities, a prominent merchant 
and banker, and a philanthropist. 

Colonel Roosevelt was educated at 
Harvard University, from which he was 
graduated in 1880 with the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts. He was early asso- 
ciated with his father in business, but 
made an almost immediate entrance into 
public life. He was elected to the State 
Assembly of New York in 1882, became 
leader of the minority in that body, and 
was active in behalf of reform measures. 
He was reelected in 1883, and was largely 
instrumental in carrying out the State 
civil service reform law, an act for regu- 
lating primary elections ; and legislation 
of vast benefit, particularly to the city of 
New York, in centering in the mayor the 
responsibility of administering municipal 
affairs. He was chairman of the New 
York delegation to the Republican Na- 
tional Convention in 1884, and an unsuc- 
cessful candidate for the mayoralty of 
New York City in 1886, having been nom- 
inated as an Independent, with Repub- 
lican endorsement. In May, 1889, Presi- 
dent Harrison appointed him Civil Serv- 
ice Commissioner, and he was president 
of the board until May, 1895. During this 
official term he succeeded in changing the 
entire system of public appointments, and 
in inaugurating important reforms. He 
resigned on the latter date to accept ap- 



pointment as president of the New York 
Board of Police Commissioners, and with 
characteristic energy and vigor entered 
upon the work of reform by the applica- 
tion of civil service principles in appoint- 
ments to the force, and promotions. He 
rigidly enforced the excise law, and suc- 
ceeded in closing the saloons on the Sab- 
bath, and in purifying the city of many 
corrupting influences. 

In 1897 Colonel Roosevelt entered upon 
his career as a character of national im- 
portance. In that year he became Assist- 
ant Secretary of the Navy, under Presi- 
dent McKinley. Soon after entering upon 
his new duties, realizing the probabilities 
of a foreign war, he procured appropri- 
ations for ammunition for navy target 
practice, and the results at Manila and 
Santiago justified what was considered at 
the time reckless extravagance. When 
war with Spain became imminent, he re- 
signed his secretaryship, and with Sur- 
geon (now Major-General) Leonard 
Wood, organized the First Regiment 
United States Cavalry Volunteers, popu- 
larly known as "Roosevelt's Rough 
Riders," which distinguished itself in 
Cuba. At the outset he was commis- 
sioned lieutenant-colonel of his regiment, 
and was promoted to colonel for gallantry 
at the battle of Las Guasimas, and was 
mustered out of service at the end of the 
war. In 1898 he was elected Governor of 
New York, and in that position gave 
vigorous encouragement to salutary legis- 
lation, and carried through every reform 
measure to which he had pledged himself, 
despite great political pressure. Above all, 
he placed in office as high-minded and 
able a set of public officials as the State 
ever had from the day of its foundation. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



He had looked forward to a second term 
in order to further forward certain reform 
innovations, but circumstances defeated 
this purpose and led to his higher 
advancement. He was a delegate in the 
Republican National Convention of 1900. 
The renomination of President McKinley 
was a foregone conclusion. Much against 
his desire, the Vice-Presidential nomina- 
tion was practically forced upon him. 
The ensuing campaign was the most re- 
markable in the history of the nation. 
Colonel Roosevelt traveled over the whole 
country, defending the McKinley admin- 
istration, and contending for honest 
money as against the "16 to i" silver 
policy as advocated by the Democratic 
presidential candidate, Mr. William J. 
Bryan. As soon as he was advised of the 
assassination of President McKinley, he, 
as Vice-President, was requested by the 
cabinet of the deceased executive to im- 
mediately take the presidential oath of 
office. This he declined to do, saying, "I 
intend to pay my respects at William 
McKinley's bier as a private citizen, and 
ofifer my condolence to the members of 
his family as such. Then I will return 
and take the oath," which he did. In 1904 
he was elected to the presidency by the 
largest popular majority ever accorded a 
candidate. Perhaps the most notable of 
his achievements as President was that 
unofficial one, the bringing to an end of 
the war between Japan and Russia. 

In 1910 Colonel Roosevelt made a hunt- 
ing trip through Africa, and afterward 
went to Europe, by way of Egypt. After 
his return home there was much discus- 
sion concerning his intentions as to the 
presidential campaign of 1912. Many 
held that he had declared that he would 
not be a candidate, but he remained quiet 
upon the subject until February 21, 1912, 
when he spoke the now well-known 
words, "My hat is in the ring." Some ten 
days previous, the governors of West Vir- 



ginia, Nebraska, New Hampshire, Wyom- 
ing, Michigan, Kansas, and Missouri, had 
written him a letter urging him to accept 
a nomination by the Progressive Repub- 
licans. On February 24th he stated defi- 
nitely that he would accept a nomination 
if tendered. Before the Republican Na- 
tional Convention in June that year there 
was bitter conflict between the Roosevelt 
and Taft forces. Mr. Taft was finally 
declared the nominee, and the Roosevelt 
men decided upon an independent con- 
vention of Progressives, which met Au- 
gust 6th and nominated him. As a result 
of the division of the Republicans between 
Roosevelt and Taft, Woodrow Wilson 
was elected to the presidency. On Octo- 
ber 14, 1912, Colonel Roosevelt was shot 
by a would-be assassin, but made rapid 
recovery, and a week later was able to 
be out. In 1913-14 he visited the prin- 
cipal countries in South America, and 
after his return devoted himself to liter- 
ary work. 

It is difficult to conceive how anyone 
so thoroughly devoted to public afifairs 
could find time for literary work, and yet 
Colonel Roosevelt has achieved a world- 
wide reputation as an author, and his 
works have become standards on the sub- 
jects he has treated. They comprise : 
"Winning of the West" (1889-96); "His- 
tory of the Naval War of 1812" (1882); 
"Hunting Trips of a Ranchman" (1885); 
"Life of Thomas Hart Benton" (1886); 
"Life of Gouverneur Morris" (1887); 
"Ranch Life and Hunting Trail" (1888); 
"History of New York" (1890); "The 
Wilderness Hunter" (1893); "American 
Ideals and Other Essays" (1897); "The 
Rough Riders" (1899); "Life of Oliver 
Cromwell" (1900); "The Strenuous Life" 
(1900); "Works" (eight vols., 1902); 
"American Ideals and Other Essays"; 
"Good Hunting" (1907); "True Ameri- 
canism ;" "African and European Ad- 
dresses" (1910) ; "Realizable Ideals" (The 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Earl Lectures) (1912); "Conservation of 
Womanhood and Childhood" (1912); 
"History as Literature, and Other 
Essays" (1913); "Theodore Roosevelt, an 
Autobiography" (1913). Part author of: 
"Hero Tales from American History" 
(1895); "The Deer Family" (1902); 
"Outdoor Pastimes of an American 
Hunter" (1906); "African Game Trails" 
{1910); "The New Nationalism" (1910); 
"Life Histories of African Game Animals" 
(two volumes, 1914). The most impor- 
tant of his works, however, are the four 
volumes bearing the collective title, "The 
Winning of the West." These have for 
their subject the acquisition by the United 
States of the territory west of the Alle- 
ghenies, and in their intrinsic merit and 
their importance as contributions to his- 
tory they rank with the works of Park- 
man. His books have been characterized 
as "marked by felicity, vigor and clear- 
ness of expression, with descriptive 
power;" his historical writings have been 
further praised for their "accuracy, 
breadth and fairness." "The Rough 
Riders" is a volume which will keep its 
place among the authoritative records of 
the Spanish War. "It will be generally 
conceded," says a reviewer, "that it forms 
one of the most thrilling pieces of military 
history in recent years." 

Colonel Roosevelt has received the 
honorary degree of Doctor of Laws from 
the following institutions : Columbia 
University, 1899 ; Hope College, 1901 ; 
Yale University, 1901 ; Harvard Univer- 
sity, 1902; Northwestern University, 
1903; University of Chicago, 1903; 
University of California, 1903 ; Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania, 1905 ; Clark Uni- 
versity, 1905 ; George Washington Univer- 
sity, 1909; Cambridge University, 1910. 
In the latter year he also received the 
Doctor of Civil Law degree from Oxford 
University, and that of Doctor of Phi- 
losophy from the University of Berlin. In 



1906 he was awarded the Nobel Peace 
Prize ($40,000), with which he endowed 
the Foundation for the Promotion of 
Universal Peace. He has long been a 
contributor to leading magazines and re- 
views, and was on the staff of "The Out- 
look" from 1909 until 1914. 

He married (first) Alice Hathaway, 
who died February 14, 1884, daughter of 
George Cabot Lee; (second) at London, 
England, Edith Kermit, daughter of 
Charles Carow, of New York. The 
family home is in Oyster Bay, Long 
Island. 



HUGHES, Charles E., 

Jurist, Governor. 

Charles Evans Hughes, who as these 
pages go to press is the regular candidate 
of the Republican party for the presidency 
of the United States, is a native of the 
State of New York, born in Glen Falls, 
April II, 1862, son of the Rev. David 
Charles and Mary Catherine (Connelly) 
Hughes. His father was of Welsh and 
his mother of Scotch-Irish and Dutch 
extraction. 

He began his education in the public 
schools of New York City, and was fitted 
for college by his father. At the age of 
fourteen he entered Madison (now Col- 
gate) University, transferring two years 
later to Brown University, from which he 
was graduated in 1881, taking the 
Bachelor of Arts degree with honors — 
winning the prize in English literature 
and that for general attainment during his 
course, and delivering the class oration ; 
in 1884 he received from his alma mater 
the Master of Arts degree. During 1881- 
82 he taught Greek and mathematics in 
the Delaware Academy at Delhi, New 
York, and in the latter year entered the 
Columbia Law School, and also studying 
in the offices of the United States District 
Attorney in New York, and in those of 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Chamberlain, Carter & Hornblower. He 
received his diploma from the Law School 
in 1884, and was admitted at once to the 
bar. From 18S4 until 1887 he held a prize 
fellowship at Columbia University. On 
being admitted to the bar, he became a 
clerk in the office of his former preceptors, 
Chamberlain, Carter & Hornblower, re- 
maining as such until 1888, when he be- 
came a member of the firm of Carter, 
Hughes & Cravath, afterward Carter, 
Hughes & Dwight. He served Cornell 
University as Professor of Law, 1891-93, 
and as special lecturer, 1893-95 ; and the 
New York Law School as special lecturer 
on general assignments and bankruptcy, 
1893-1900. In 1905-06 he was counsel for 
the Armstrong Insurance Commission of 
the New York Legislature ; and special 
assistant to the United States Attorney 
General in the coal investigations. 

The public career of Judge Hughes may 
be dated from 1905, when he received the 
Republican nomination for the mayoralty 
of New York City, but which he declined. 
In 1906 he was elected Governor of the 
State, and was reelected in 1908, resign- 
ing in September of 1910 to take his seat 
as Associate Justice of the United States 
Supreme Court, under appointment by 
President Taft. As Governor he stead- 
fastly adhered to "the highest administra- 
tive standards," and effected many salu- 
tary changes in relation to railroads, 
street railways, gas and electrical com- 
panies. He made strenuous efforts to 
procure legislation providing for a system 
of direct nominations for elective offices, 
in which he was several times defeated. 
He succeeded, however, in securing the 
passage of an act for the enforcement of 
the constitutional prohibition of race- 
track gambling, but only after long delay 
and in the face of bitter opposition. In 
his last appeal to the Legislature, at the 
session in which the measure was passed, 
he said : "The issue has been clearly pre- 



sented whether the interests of those who 
wish to maintain gambling privileges at 
race tracks shall be considered paramount 
to the constitution of the State. It is an 
issue which has been clearly defined and 
is fully appreciated by the people. It 
cannot be obscured by a discussion of the 
propensities of human nature. Race-track 
gambling exists, not because it is hidden 
or elusive, but as an organized business 
shielded by legislative discrimination. 
The law which professes to prohibit it, in 
fact [protects it." Early in his administra- 
tion he undertook certain reforms in the 
management and affairs of the Insurance 
Department, and in which he persisted 
until he left his high office. He brought 
about the creation of a State Commission 
to which was specially committed the 
construction and maintenance of public 
roads, and which took this labor away 
from the State Engineer, who was over- 
employed in the engineering operations 
on the great barge canal, and he subse- 
quently procured the establishment of a 
Department of Highways. He also took 
a persistent and determined interest in 
the preservation of forest tracts and un- 
developed waterpower streams, and great- 
ly increased the State's forest domain, 
and which included a one thousand acre 
tract given by Hon. William P. Letch- 
worth, in Wyoming and Livingston 
counties ; a twenty-five acre tract at 
Crown Point, containing the ruins of 
Fort Frederic and Fort Amherst, from 
Witherbee Sherman & Company : and a 
ten thousand acre tract in Orange and 
Rockland counties, given by Mary W. 
Harriman, in accordance with the wishes 
of her deceased husband, Edward H. Har- 
riman. LTntil he left his chair, Governor 
Hughes industriously and persistently 
followed up a policy of improvement and 
retrenchment ; also steadily insisting upon 
honesty and efficiency in all of the various 
departments of the State government. 




^^-tn^ 



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ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Early in the year 1916 it became evident 
that a very large element in the Repub- 
lican party looked upon him as its most 
desirable candidate for the presidential 
nomination. Seated as he was, upon the 
bench of the Supreme Court of the United 
States, his position was most delicate. 
He maintained a most dignified silence, 
and even the close friends who presented 
his name in the convention, could give no 
assurance that he would accept, and he 
only broke silence when his nomination 
was actually made, when he at once for- 
warded to President Wilson his resigna- 
tion as an Associate Justice of the Su- 
preme Court, and which was instantly 
accepted. 

Judge Hughes is a fellow of Brown 
University ; a trustee of the University of 
Chicago ; and a member of the American 
Bar Association, the New York State 
Bar Association, the Association of the 
Bar of the City of New York ; and of the 
following clubs : The University, Union 
League, Lawyers, Brown, Nassau Coun- 
try ; and of the Delta Upsilon fraternity. 
He received the degree of Doctor of Laws 
from Brown University in 1906, from Co- 
lumbia, Knox and Lafayette in 1907, from 
Union and Colgate in 1908, from George 
Washington in 1909, and from Williams, 
Harvard and the University of Pennsyl- 
vania in 1910. He married, December 5, 
1888, Antoinette Carter. 



MORTON, Levi Parsons, 

Financier, Statesman, Diplomatist. 

Levi Parsons Morton was born at 
Shoreham, Vermont, May 16, 1824. He 
is a descendant of George Alorton, of 
York, England, who was the financial 
agent of the Mayflower Puritans in Lon- 
don, and came over in the ship "Ann" 
(arriving at Plymouth, Massachusetts, in 
1623), and settled at Middleboro, Plym- 
outh county, Massachusetts, where his 



descendants have resided until the pres- 
ent time. John, the son of George, was 
the first delegate to represent Middleboro 
in the General Court at Plymouth in 
1670, and he was again chosen in 1672. 
Levi Parsons Morton is the son of Rev. 
Daniel Oliver Morton and Lucretia (Par- 
sons) Morton. His mother was a descend- 
ant of Cornet Joseph Parsons, the father 
of the first child born at Northampton, 
Massachusetts (May 2, 1655), his title 
of cornet indicating his position in a 
cavalry troop (the third officer in rank) 
and the bearer of the colors. 

Mr. Morton received a public school 
education and graduated from Shoreham 
Academy. He entered a country store at 
Enfield, Massachusetts, at fifteen years, 
commenced mercantile business at Han- 
over, New Hampshire, in 1843, removed 
to Boston in 1850 and to New York in 
1854, and was extensively engaged in 
mercantile business in both cities until 
1863 when he entered upon his career as 
a banker in New York City under the 
name of L. P. Morton & Company. Soon 
after this time a foreign branch was estab- 
lished under the firm name of L. P. Mor- 
ton, Burns & Co. In 1869 the firm was 
dissolved and reorganized under the 
names of Morton, Bliss & Co., New York, 
and Morton, Rose & Co., London, Mr. 
George Bliss entering the New York firm, 
and Sir John Rose, then finance minister 
of Canada, going to London to join the 
English house. The London firm of Mor- 
ton. Rose & Co. was appointed financial 
agent of the United States government 
in 1873. Later the Morton Trust Co. of 
New York, of which he was president, 
was established with offices at 140 Broad- 
way. Mr. Morton was appointed by the 
President honorary commissioner to the 
Paris Exposition. 

He began his political career by the 
election to Congress as a Republican 
from the Eleventh District of New York 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(which had been Democratic previously), 
receiving 14,078 votes against 7,060 votes 
for Benjamin A. Willis, and was reelected 
to the Forty-seventh Congress in 1880 by 
an increased vote over James W. Gerard, 
Jr. He was nominated as Minister to 
France by President Garfield in March, 
1881, and resigned his seat in the Forty- 
seventh Congress to accept the appoint- 
ment. He presented his credentials as 
Minister to France to President Grevy 
on August 1st, 1881, and resigned his 
office after the inauguration of President 
Cleveland in 1885, returning to New York 
in July of that year. During his residence 
in France he secured from the French 
government the official decree which was 
published November 27, 1883, revoking 
the prohibition of American pork prod- 
ucts, but the prohibitory decree was 
subsequently renewed. He also secured 
the recognition of American financial 
and commercial corporations in France. 
He drove the first rivet in the Bar- 
tholdi statue of "Liberty Enlightening 
the World," and on July 4th, 1884, he 
accepted the completed statue on behalf 
of his government. He was a prominent 
candidate for United States Senate in the 
Republican legislative caucuses of 1885 
and 1887, but after spirited canvasses 
in each case the great political prize fell 
into other hands. He was nominated for 
Vice-President of the United States by 
the Republican National Convention, in 
1888, receiving 591 votes as against 234 for 
all other candidates. He proved a model 
presiding officer of the Senate, filling the 
position with a dignity and fairness that 
gained for him the esteem of all, without 
regard to party distinctions, even at a 
time when questions of party politics 
were most earnestly discussed. 

In 1894, Mr. Morton was elected gov- 
ernor of New York by a phenomenally 
heavy majority. His long experience as 
a merchant and banker, his familiarity 



with great financial problems, his work 
in Congress, his successful diplomatic ex- 
perience and service as vice-president had 
made him a conspicuous figure in public 
afifairs, and amply qualified him for the 
gubernatorial office. His election was co- 
incident with the approval by the people 
of the fourth constitution, which went 
into effect on the first of January, 1895, 
the day of his inauguration. It heralded 
also executive control of the State by the 
Republicans for sixteen years, which 
prior thereto had been in Democratic 
hands for twelve years. In his inaugural 
address Governor Morton discussed at 
length the relations of the executive and 
legislative departments to each other, de- 
claring that "the Governor should never 
interfere with the work of the Legisla- 
ture beyond the precise line which his 
constitutional duty and obligation war- 
ranted. He used the veto prerogative 
sparingly, vetoing only four bills in 1895, 
and none in 1896. However, in several 
instances wherein he disapproved a bill, 
he would convey his objections to its 
author, and in such cases the bill was 
usually withdrawn, and returned in such 
form as to command his approval. His 
tasks were arduous. While the new con- 
stitution was in large degree self-execut- 
ing, much legislation was necessary with 
reference to the drainage of agricultural 
lands, damages for injuries resulting in 
death, pool selling and book making, 
prison labor, the civil service, the judici- 
ary, forest preservation, canal improve- 
ment. State boards and commissions, 
charitable institutions, education, the 
militia, and others. Under the new con- 
stitution, several new boards were 
created — of Charities, of State Prison and 
of Lunacy. Much labor was made neces- 
sary to provide for the submittal of stat- 
utes relating to cities, to the cities af- 
fected thereby, principally with reference 
to New York City and Brooklyn. Under 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the administration of Governor Morton 
was created Greater New York, by the 
consolidation of the city of New York, 
Brooklyn, and Long Island City, and 
which was attended with much acri- 
monious discussion. As the result of 
much executive and legislative considera- 
tion, a new effect was given to excise 
legislation, establishing a more system- 
atic control of the liquor traffic, and a 
considerable reduction in the number of 
dram shops. The National Guard was 
placed upon a more efficient footing as 
to organization, arming and equipment. 
These enumerations comprise but a small 
portion of the accomplishments of this 
administration. 

On his retirement from the guberna- 
torial office, Governor Morton returned 
to the conduct of his important business 
interests which, in addition to his im- 
mediate financial holdings included di- 
rectorate duties in the Equitable Life As- 
surance Company, the Home Insurance 
Company, the National Bank of Com- 
merce, the Guaranty Trust Company, the 
Industrial Trust Company of Providence, 
and the Newport Trust Company. He 
is a member of the Sons of the Revolu- 
tion, the Society of Mayflower Descend- 
ants, the New England Society, and the 
following clubs : Metropolitan, Union 
League, Lawyers, Republican and Down- 
town. Governor Morton received the 
degree of Doctor of Laws from Dart- 
mouth College in 1881 and from Middle- 
bury in 1882. He retired from active 
business pursuits some years since and 
spends the major portion of his time with 
his family upon his magnificent estate 
"Ellerslie," (of one thousand acres) at 
Rhineclifif-on-the-Hudson. He married 
(first) Lucy Kimball, who died in 1871 ; 
and (second) Anna Livingston Street; 
and of the latter marriage five daughters 
have been born : Edith Livingston, Lena, 
Helen, Alice and Mary. 



Governor Morton has been a consistent 
Republican from the first, ardently loyal 
to the Union in its days of peril ; and 
singularly free from factional entangle- 
ments which have plagued his party in 
the State ; and, therefore singularly avail- 
able for public preferments in its power 
to bestow. In office he has been distin- 
guished for executive ability, prudent ad- 
ministration and courteous demeanor, 
exceedingly modest in his bearing, yet 
with self-possession and graciousness 
combining in a charming personality. He 
has long been a member of the Protestant 
Episcopal communion, constant to it 
alike in his devotion and beneficences, 
while his many public and private philan- 
thropies have been as generously as 
quietly bestowed. 



FAIRCHILD, Charles Stebbins, 
Financier, Cabinet OfSdal. 

Charles Stebbins Fairchild, distin- 
guished lawyer, and Secretary of the 
Treasury in the cabinet of President 
Cleveland, was born in Cazenovia, New 
York, April 30, 1842, son of Sidney T. and 
Helen (Childs) Fairchild. His father was 
a lawyer of marked ability, and for many 
years was attorney for the New York 
Central railroad. 

Charles Stebbins Fairchild began his 
education in the common schools, then 
preparing for college at the Oneida Con- 
ference Seminary at Cazenovia. He 
entered Harvard College in his seven- 
teenth year, and was graduated in the 
year he attained his majority. For two 
years following he was a student in the 
Harvard Law School, and, having com- 
pleted the prescribed course, received the 
degree of Bachelor of Laws in 1865. Lo- 
cating in Albany, New York, he com- 
pleted the usual novitiate, and was admit- 
ted to the bar in 1866 and entered upon 
practice. In 1871 he became a member of 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the law firm of Swartz & Fairchild, and 
continued in this relation with marked 
success until 1876, when he withdrew, on 
account of official duties. In 1874 he had 
been made a deputy under the Attorney- 
General of the State of New York, in 
which position he displayed such ability 
that he came to be recognized as the 
right arm of his superior, rendering espe- 
cially useful service in the case of the 
People vs. Gardner and Charlick, the New 
York police commissioners, and in those 
growing out of the reports of the Canal 
Investigation Commission. In the Demo- 
cratic State Convention in 1875 his con- 
duct had so commended him that he was 
made the nominee for the Attorney- 
Generalship by acclamation, and at the 
following election he was elected by a 
majority of 23,302 over his Republican 
competitor. In addition to the duties of 
that office, he was ex officio a commis- 
sioner of the Land Office and of the Canal 
Fund, a member of the Canal Board and 
of the Board of State Charities, and a 
trustee of the State Capitol and of the 
State Hall. On retiring from his office 
in 1878, Mr. Fairchild visited Europe, 
where he remained for two years, and on 
his return took up his residence in New 
York City and engaged in the practice 
of his profession. 

In 1885 President Cleveland called Mr. 
Fairchild to his cabinet as Assistant Sec- 
retary of the Treasury. During his two 
years occupancy of this position, he was 
frequently called upon to represent Sec- 
retary Daniel Manning, as acting secre- 
tary ; and when Mr. Manning was obliged 
by ill health to resign his portfolio (April 
I, 1887), President Cleveland at once ap- 
pointed Mr. Fairchild to the place so 
vacated. He remained during the entire 
remainder of Mr. Cleveland's administra- 
tion, and then returned to New York 
City and gave his attention to financial 
affairs, entering at once upon the presi- 



dency of the New York Security & Trust 
Company, and which position he occupied 
until 1905. He is at present president of 
the Atlanta & Charlotte Air Line Rail- 
road Company, and of the Birkbeck In- 
vestment Savings & Loan Company of 
America ; and a director of the Lawyers' 
Mortgage Company, and of the Erie & 
Pittsburgh Railroad Company. Through- 
out his career he has taken a lively inter- 
est in economic affairs, and has been a 
most useful member of various reform 
organizations and bodies akin thereto. 
He is an ex-president and ex-treasurer 
of the State Charities Aid Association ; 
vice-president of the Charity Organiza- 
tion Society of New York ; and was for 
several years president of the Reform 
Club. An able speaker and a logical 
reasoner, he is frequently called upon to 
address important public assemblages. 
The trend of his thought and an index to 
his interest in economic affairs is dis- 
cerned in his utterance in September, 
1889, before the Harlem Branch of the 
Young Men's Christian Association, 
when, in discussing certain social prob- 
lems pertaining to large cities, he said : 
"The city is the heel of our American 
Achilles — the place where our popular 
government may be wounded to its de- 
struction." He was a steadfast upholder of 
a sound money policy at the time when his 
party was disrupted by the silver move- 
ment, and he was one of the strongest 
figures in the Monetary Commission of 
1897. He is a member of the following 
clubs — University, Harvard, Reform, 
Metropolitan of Washington, Ardsley, 
Garden City Golf, and Golf Links of 
America ; and of the Delta Kappa Epsilon, 
Alpha Delta Phi and Phi Beta Kappa 
fraternities. He received the degree of 
Doctor of Laws from Columbian and 
Harvard universities in 1888. He married 
Helen Lincklaen. of Cazenovia, New 
York, where is his residence. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



JAMES, Thomas L., 

Journalist, Banker, Public Official. 

Thomas Lemuel James, whose brilliant 
career was principally useful in his 
wonderful development of the national 
postal service, was born in Utica, Oneida 
county, New York, March 29, 1831, the 
son of William and Jane Maria (Pria) 
James. Up to the age of fifteen he at- 
tended the public schools of Utica, where 
he was recognized as a bright, vivacious 
boy, quite as faithful to his studies as any 
of his young companions, yet gaining the 
afifections of those with whom he was 
brought in contact by his amicable and 
attractive nature. When he was fifteen 
years of age he left school and was ap- 
prenticed for five years to Wesley Bailey, 
a printer of Utica, who was the father of 
E. Prentiss Bailey, editor and publisher 
of the Utica "Observer." At the age of 
twenty he became a partner of Francis 
B. Fisher in publishing the "Madison 
County Journal," at Hamilton, Madison 
county. New York, where he went to 
reside. This was an important period 
in politics — the closing up of the old and 
the beginning of the new regime. The 
paper was of Whig proclivity. Mr. 
James showed himself to be an enthusi- 
astic, energetic, yet judicious young 
editor, and speedily made an impression 
upon the community. In 1852 Mr. James 
was married to Emily L Freeburn. In 
1854 he was appointed canal collector at 
Hamilton, New York, a position which he 
held for two years. In 1856 the "Madison 
County Journal" was united with the 
"Democratic Reflector," under the name 
of the "Democratic Republican." But 
small localities in the interior of the State 
were not stirring enough, or of sufficient 
importance, to very long hold a man of 
the calibre of Mr. James, and in 1861 he 
went to the metropolis, where Hiram 
Barney, at that time collector of the port, 



appointed him inspector. From this he 
was soon promoted to the position of 
weigher of teas in the warehouse depart- 
ment, and when Thomas Murphy became 
collector he made Mr. James deputy col- 
lector of the third (warehouse) division, 
where he remained under the administra- 
tion of Chester A. Arthur, who succeeded 
Murphy as collector of the port. In what- 
ever position he had been up to this time, 
Mr. James had made for himself friends 
among the most influential men in polit- 
ical and business life, and so it happened 
that, when President Grant was making 
up his mind as to whom he should give 
the important position of postmaster of 
New York, he found that the general 
tendency of suggestion and advice pointed 
to Mr. James. The habits of the latter 
had been formed on such a methodical 
foundation, and he was so exact in his 
work, and so rapid in the conception and 
execution of his plans, that his value as 
a public officer could hardly be over- 
estimated. Appointed postmaster at New 
York, March 17, 1873, he found the ofifice 
in a condition which showed clearly the 
necessity for reorganization, and, in many 
instances, for an entirely new arrange- 
ment for the delivery of the mails to the 
satisfaction of the enormous and growing 
business interests of the metropolis. A 
very brief study of the situation informed 
the new postmaster of the direction in 
which improvements could be made, and 
he set himself about making them with 
such zeal and efficiency that the New 
York office presently became a model for 
all others in the country. The election of 
President Hayes brought about new ap- 
pointments in New York, and while the 
names of gentlemen to succeed General 
Arthur as collector and Mr. Cornell as 
naval officer were pending in the Senate 
committee on commerce, on account of 
the aggressive opposition of Mr. Conkling 
and other anti-administration Senators, 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the collectorship of the port of New York 
was offered to Mr. James, but declined. 
In the meantime Mr. James had been re- 
appointed postmaster by President Hayes, 
and, his services having been recognized 
as marking a new era in postal administra- 
tion, he naturally felt disinclined to ex- 
change that position for any other while 
he still had in regard to it important 
plans to carry out. Besides this, having 
been General Arthur's deputy, he could 
not consent to supersede him. In 1880 
Postmaster-General Key was transferred 
to a circuit judgeship of the United States 
Court, and the vacant cabinet position 
was offered to Postmaster James, but 
declined. During the same year the Re- 
publicans offered him the nomination for 
mayor of New York, but this honor he 
also declined. Finally, however, when 
President Garfield announced his cabinet 
on March 5, 1881, there was general re- 
joicing in both parties when it was seen 
that Mr. James had been appointed Post- 
master-General. His new office was, he 
soon found, full of difficulties. The de- 
partment of the Second Assistant Post- 
master-General offered for investigation 
the scandalous condition of the "star 
route" and steamboat mail contracts, 
which it was evident had been dishonest- 
ly manipulated, with the result of the rob- 
bery of the government of large sums. 
It was expected by the people, and justly 
expected, that Postmaster-General James 
would make such an examination of his 
office as would expose the guilty parties, 
and break up the existing wrong-doing. 
The opposition to such action on his part, 
however, was prolonged, powerful and 
bitter. It included the persistent antago- 
nism of his personal and political enemies, 
and even of some who had been his 
friends. Newspapers were subsidized at 
the capital and in other cities to attack 
the Postmaster-General and his assistants 
in the most determined and obnoxious 



manner, but none of these affected Mr. 
James in the way of causing him to lessen 
his efforts to break up the nest of dis- 
honest officials, whose nefarious work 
was speedily laid bare before him. The 
dishonest mail routes were cut off, faith- 
less employees were dismissed, and the 
general tone of the service was strength- 
ened and improved. He had been met on 
his entrance into office by the fact of an 
annual deficit of $2,000,000, which had 
varied in amount every year from 1865, 
and, with one or two exceptions, from 
1851. The reductions which he made in 
the star route service and the steamboat 
service amounted to over $2,000,000, while 
his thorough investigation into the abuses 
and frauds of the post-office resulted in 
the famous star route trials, and revealed 
the scandals which had existed in that 
service prior to his assuming charge of it. 
Applying as far as it was practicable, the 
civil service methods which had been in 
operation in the New York post-office to 
his new field of operations, the postal 
service was made self-sustaining up to 
the time when the rate of postage was 
reduced by act of Congress. After the 
deplorable event of the assassination of 
President Garfield and the assumption of 
the presidential chair by General Arthur, 
Mr. James was reappointed by the latter 
to the position of Postmaster-General. 
But the political conditions rendered it 
desirable for him to go out of the public 
service, and he accordingly resigned his 
portfolio to become president of the Lin- 
coln National Bank, then just organized 
in New York City, and where he assumed 
office in January, 1882. Combined with 
the bank was the Lincoln Safe Deposit 
Company, of which Mr. James became 
also president, and both these institutions, 
under his shrewd business management, 
and greatly on account of his own per- 
sonal popularity, grew to be thoroughly 
successful. Genial in his manner, quick 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and appreciative in his understanding, the 
social position of Mr. James matches his 
official standing. He has friends innumer- 
able ; indeed, no one who is brought in 
close or continued contact with him fails 
to become his friend. Mr. James holds 
the degree of Master of Arts, con- 
fered upon him by Hamilton College, 
Clinton, New York, in 1862, and that of 
Doctor of Laws, from Madison Univer- 
sity, in 1882. St. John's College, at Ford- 
ham, New York, also conferred upon him 
the degree of Doctor of Laws. 



BUTLER, Nicholas Murray, 
Educator, Fnblicist. 

Nicholas Murray Butler was born in 
Elizabeth, New Jersey, April 2, 1862, son 
of Henry L. and Mary J. (Murray) 
Butler, the former named president of 
the Board of Education of Elizabeth for 
many years. He attended the schools of 
his birthplace until he was sixteen years 
of age, when he entered Columbia Col- 
lege, New York City, from which institu- 
tion he received the degrees of Bachelor 
of Arts, 1882, Master of Arts, 1883, Doctor 
of Philosophy, 1884. In 1884 he visited 
Europe, and continued his studies at the 
universities of Berlin and Paris, and at 
the former named institution he formed a 
strong friendship with Professor Paulsen, 
the foremost living philosopher of Ger- 
many, and this association proved bene- 
ficial in determining the lifework of Dr. 
Butler. He returned to his native land 
in 1886, and then entered upon a career 
that had been in his mind for many 
years, that of an educator, and he accepted 
the position of instructor in philosophy 
in Columbia College, acting as such until 
1889. In that year he became adjunct 
professor, and in the following year was 
made full professor of philosophy, ethics 
and psychology, and lecturer on the his- 
tory and institutes of education. In the 



same year he was elected dean of the 
faculty of philosophy for a term of five 
years, and reelected at its expiration. In 
addition to his duties in Columbia Col- 
lege, which were numerous and varied. 
Dr. Butler devoted considerable time to 
the study of educational systems. State 
and city, to statistical reports and official 
documents, and he served in the capacity 
of president of Barnard College; first 
president of the New York College for 
the Training of Teachers, now Teachers' 
College, of Columbia College, where, in 
the Horace Mann School of Practice, he 
had an opportunity to test his theories 
by experiments, serving from 1886 to 
1891 ; member of the State Board of 
Education from 1887 to 1895, and was 
instrumental in bringing about the educa- 
tional revolution in his State which sub- 
stituted the town for the district system 
of administration ; president of the Pater- 
son Board of Education, 1892-93, where 
he acquired a thoroughly practical ac- 
quaintance with the working of a city 
system of schools. In 1894 he became 
university examiner in education for the 
State of New York. Since 1902 he has 
been president of Columbia University, 
including also the presidency of Barnard 
College, Teachers' College, and the Col- 
lege of Pharmacy. 

Dr. Butler has also achieved success in 
the literature of his profession. In 1891 
he founded the "Educational Review," 
probably the foremost educational maga- 
zine in the world, which he edited with 
great ability, and he is also the editor of 
the "Great Educators" series, and of the 
"Teachers' Professional Library," as well 
as of the "Columbia University Contri- 
butions" to philosophy, psychology and 
education. In 1889 he was the New Jer- 
sey-commissioner to the Paris Exposi- 
tion ; delegate to the Republican National 
conventions of 1888, 1904, 1912; chairman 
of the New York Republican Convention,. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



191 2; received the Republican electoral 
vote for Vice-President of the United 
States, 1913. He was chairman of the 
administrative board of the International 
Congress of Arts and Sciences, St. Louis 
Exposition, 1904; chairman of the Lake 
Mohonk Conferences on International 
Arbitration, 1907-09-10-11-12 ; president 
of the American branch of Conciliation 
Internationale ; trustee of Carnegie 
Foundation Advancement of Teaching, 
Carnegie Endowment for International 
Peace ; governor of the Society of the 
Lying-in-Hospital ; trustee of the Colum- 
bia University Press and the American 
Academy in Rome ; chairman of the Col- 
lege Entrance Examination Board, Officier 
de Legion d'Honneur, 1906, and com- 
mandeur, 1912; commander of the Order 
of Red Eagle (with Star) of Prussia, 
1910. 

Dr. Butler is a member of the National 
Educational Association, of which he was 
elected president in 1894; of the Amer- 
ican Academy of Arts and Letters, the 
Pilgrims, the American Philosophical So- 
ciety, American Psychological Associ- 
ation, New England Association, Amer- 
ican Historical Association (life), New 
York Historical Society (life), German- 
istic Society, American Scandinavian So- 
ciety, University Settlement Society, Na- 
tional Red Cross (life). National Council 
of Education, New York Chamber of 
Commerce, American Society of Interna- 
tional Law, and the Century, Church, 
Metropolitan, University, Barnard, Co- 
lumbia University, Authors, Garden City 
Golf and Ardsley clubs. He is the author 
of: "The Meaning of Education," "True 
and False Democracy," "The American as 
He Is," "Philosophy," "Why Should We 
Change Our Form of Government," "The 
International Mind," and "Education in 
the United States," and various other 
works. Dr. Butler is a man of great natural 
force and of high attainments, and as a 



writer and speaker he is clear, forcible, con- 
cise, and he possesses in an extraordinary 
degree that power of exposition which con- 
vinces friends and confounds opponents. 
Dr. Butler received the honorary degree 
of Doctor of Laws from Syracuse, 1898, 
Tulane, 1901, Johns Hopkins, Princeton, 
University of Pennsylvania and Yale, 
1902, Unversity of Chicago, 1903, St. An- 
drews and Manchester, 1905, Cambridge, 
1907, Williams, 1908, Harvard and Dart- 
mouth, 1909, and University of Breslau, 
191 1, and the degree of Doctor of Litera- 
ture from the University of Oxford, 1905. 
Dr. Butler married (first) February 7, 
1887, Susanna Edwards Schuyler, daugh- 
ter of J. Rutsen Schuyler, of Bergen 
Point, New Jersey, and they were the 
parents of one daughter. Mrs. Butler 
died January 10, 1903. Dr. Butler mar- 
ried (second) March 5, 1907, Kate La 
Montague. 



ODELL, Benjamin B., Jr., 

Congressman, GoTemor. 

Benjamin Barker Odell, Jr., who as the 
thirty-seventh Governor of the State of 
New York, labored arduously and suc- 
cessfully for an economical administra- 
tion of the public aflfairs, was born in 
Newburgh, New York, January 14, 1854, 
son of the Hon. Benjamin Barker and 
Ophelia (Bookstaver) Odell. His father, 
but recently dead, was a man of ability, 
and occupied various important public 
positions. 

The future governor passed from the 
public schools of Newburgh to Bethany 
(West Virginia) College, and later to 
Columbia University (1873-75), and from 
which he received the LL. D. degree in 
1903. He was for some years engaged 
in banking, electric lighting and commer- 
cial enterprises at Newburgh, and served 
as a director in the Central Hudson 
Steamboat Company of New York, and 




^ ^'Q^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



president of the Newburgh Chamber of 
Commerce. From his early voting years 
he took an active interest in political 
affairs. From 1884 to 1896 he was a mem- 
ber of the Republican State Committee, 
and chairman of the Republican State 
Executive Committee from 1898 to 1900. 
A steadfast Republican, he was elected 
to the Fifty-fourth Congress, and was re- 
elected, serving from March 4, 1895, to 
March 3, 1899, having declined the renom- 
ination for a third term. 

In 1900, when not yet forty-seven years 
of age, he was elected Governor and was 
reelected in 1902. In his inaugural 
address the following January, he de- 
clared his policy to be the conduct of the 
business affairs of the State "with econ- 
omy and good judgment, and that the 
burdens of taxation should be so adjusted 
as to fall lightly upon those who can ill 
afford to bear them, and be borne more 
generously by those who have received 
from the State protection and rights 
which have been giving to their vast 
business interests the success they de- 
serve," and in this line argued for the 
additional taxation of corporations, to the 
relief of real estate owners. He set an 
example of economy when he dispensed 
with the "counsel to the Governor," and 
devolved the work of that official upon 
the Attorney-General. He effected a con- 
siderable lessening of the burdens of gen- 
eral taxation, and the elimination of un- 
necessary expenses, at the same time 
without impairing the usefulness of any 
of the administrative departments. He 
materially reduced the expenses of tax 
collection, notably in the items of inher- 
itance tax, resulting in an average saving 
of $150,000 per annum. Other savings 
were effected by the consolidation of 
various bureaus and the erection of a 
comprehensive Department of Labor in 
their stead, with a resultant annual saving 
of about $70,000. An expensive State Com- 



mission of Prisons was replaced with a 
board of three members ; and the State 
Board of Health gave place to a Commis- 
sioner of Health. Two commissions, the 
one char.ged with the protection of for- 
ests, fish and game, and the other with 
forest preservation alone, were consoli- 
dated into one department. Legislation 
enacted at his instance resulted in great 
saving in the item of printing. Perhaps 
the most important innovation was the 
legislation for the taxation of trust com- 
panies, insurance companies and savings 
banks, and which resulted in trebly in- 
creasing the income from these sources; 
while other enactments increased liquor 
taxes fifty per cent. Another important 
innovation was the creation of the office 
of Fiscal Supervisor of State Charities. 
Good roads also occupied a large share of 
Governor Odell's attention, and great im- 
provements and extensions were made 
under the State Engineer. 

Governor Odell interposed his veto in 
several important instances. One was of 
a bill giving, through general legislation, 
to the New York & New Jersey Bridge 
Company certain rights for the construc- 
tion of elevated railroad structures upon 
West Street, in New York City, along 
North river ; two related to the Park ave- 
nue tunnel in New York City and another 
was one conferring unusual powers upon 
a gas company. Governor Odell while in 
office was a strict partisan and an active 
politician, doing all that he could honor- 
ably and consistently to advance the in- 
terests of his party ; but his highest claim 
upon the gratitude and esteem of the peo- 
ple are the financial reforms which were 
consummated during his administration. 
He was throughout the watch-dog of the 
treasury and to him are due the lowering 
of the burdens of taxation, the elimina- 
tion of unnecessary or ill-considered 
appropriations and the scrupulous regard 
for the economies, without diminishing 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the usefulness of any of the departments 
of government. He declined a renoraina- 
tion in 1904, and has since devoted him- 
self almost exclusively to his large busi- 
ness interests. He married, August 20, 
1877, Estelle Crist, of Newburgh (died 
1888) ; and (second) Mrs. Linda (Crist) 
Trophagen, sister of his first wife. 



PARKER, Alton Brooks, 

Jurist, Statesman. 

Hon. Alton Brooks Parker, who was 
the Democratic nominee for the presi- 
dency in 1904, was born May 14, 1852, at 
Cortlandt, New York, son of John Brooks 
and Harriet F. (Stratton) Parker. Both 
parents were persons of more than ordi- 
nary intelligence and gentility — qualities 
which were reflected in the son. The 
Parker family was prominent in Massa- 
chusetts, and John Parker, paternal great- 
grandfather of Alton Brooks Parker, 
served for three years in the Revolution- 
ary army. 

Alton Brooks Parker was educated in 
the public schools of his native town, the 
Cortlandt Academy, and the State Normal 
School at the same place. He taught 
school for three years after concluding his 
studies, and then engaged in the study of 
law in the offices of Schoonmaker & Har- 
denbergh, both accomplished lawyers, and 
the first named soon afterward becoming 
Attorney-General of the State. He sub- 
sequently took a course in the Albany 
Law School, from which he graduated, 
and he was admitted to the bar on attain- 
ing his majority. He then formed a law 
partnership with W. S. Kenyon, of Kings- 
ton, an association which was maintained 
until 1878. Meantime he had already 
entered upon a public career. In 1877, 
at the age of twenty-five, he was elected 
surrogate of Ulster county, the youngest 
surrogate ever elected in the county, and 
his popularity is attested by the fact that 



all other candidates on his ticket (the 
Democratic) were defeated by upwards of 
a thousand votes. In 1885 Governor 
David B. Hill appointed him a justice of 
the State Supreme Court to fill a vacancy 
occasioned by the death of Judge Theo- 
dore R. Westbrook, and on the expiration 
of the term he was elected to the place 
for the full fourteen year term, no Re- 
publican candidate being nominated 

. against him. Meantime he had declined 
other preferments — his party nomination 
for Secretary of State, and for Lieutenant- 
Governor, and later the profifer of the 
position of First Assistant Postmaster- 
General by President Cleveland. In 1885 
at the earnest solicitation of many of the 
principal men of his party, he accepted 
the chairmanship of the executive com- 
mittee of the Democratic State Commit- 
tee, and in this position exhibited master- 
ly qualities of leadership in the campaign 
which resulted in the election of David 
B. Hill as Governor in succession to 
Grover Cleveland. 

In 1889, under a division of the courts, 
Judge Parker was selected to serve upon 
the Court of Appeals in a special session 
— the youngest man to occupy that posi- 
tion. After the completion of this work, 
the judiciary of New York City requested 
Governor Flower to appoint Judge 
Parker to sit in the general term of the 
First Department. The Governor com- 
plied, and Judge Parker added to his 
celebrity as a jurist, and to such a degree 
that in 1897 he was made the Demo- 
cratic nominee for Chief Judge of the 
Court of Appeals, and was elected by a 
majority of 60,889, over the distinguished 
Judge William J. Wallace (Republican), 
whereas in the election of the year before, 
the State had given McKinley a major- 
ity of 268,469. This great tribute to his 
character and talents gave Judge Parker 
great prestige, and in 1902 he was urgent- 
ly requested to accept the Democratic 

16 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



nomination for Governor, but he was 
averse from leaving the bench, and de- 
clined. However, he had become a char- 
acter of national importance, and in 1904 
he was the logical candidate for the presi- 
dential nomination. In the convention, no 
other name than his was seriously con- 
sidered. But one ballot was taken, he 
receiving 689 out of the 869 ballots cast, 
and the nomination being made unani- 
mous. He at once resigned from the 
bench, and retired to his home at Esopus, 
on the Hudson river, where during the 
campaign he received many delegations 
comprising the influential men of his 
party. His letter of acceptance was 
marked by modesty and dignity, as were 
his few public utterances during the cam- 
paign. The election resulting in his de- 
feat, he at once resumed his law practice 
in New York City, and in which he still 
continues. He has handled many impor- 
tant cases and represented many large 
interests. An incident of his practice was 
his appearance as counsel for the man- 
agers of the impeachment trial of Gov- 
ernor Sulzer, in 1913. 

From the year of his political defeat, he 
has been one of the principal leaders of 
his party. In 1908 he was a delegate-at- 
large to the National Democratic Con- 
vention, and a member of its platform 
committee; in the convention of 1912 he 
was again a delegate-at-large, and tem- 
porary chairman ; and during the same 
years he occupied similar positions in the 
Democratic State Convention. He was 
president of the American Bar Associ- 
ation in 1906-07; of the New York 
County Lawyers' Association in 1909-11; 
of the New York State Bar Association in 
1913 ; and first vice-president of the Amer- 
ican Academy of Jurisprudence in 1914. 
He married, October 16, 1873, Mary L., 
daughter of M. I. Schoonmaker, of 
Accord, New York. 

N Y-Vol iv-2 I 



ABBOTT, Lyman, D. D., 

Pulpiteer and W^riter. 

The Rev. Lyman Abbott, D. D., a 
leader of the "New Theology," who suc- 
ceeded the Rev. Henry Ward Beecher as 
pastor of Plymouth Church, Brooklyn, 
New York, made his own place as a theo- 
logian and a pastor, while at the same 
time he maintained the traditions of that 
well known church to a degree that could 
hardly have been anticipated. Himself a 
member of the church for more than 
thirty years, in sympathy with its doc- 
trines and its history, he was the natural 
resource of the church during the anxious 
period that followed the death of Rev. 
Henry Ward Beecher, when, by his tact 
and wisdom in utilizing the lessons of 
affliction, he contributed greatly to the 
maintenance of lofty ideals and spiritual 
consecration in the deeply-moved con- 
gregation. For more than a year he 
served as acting pastor, until the church, 
finding that the pastor they sought was 
already with them, called him to remain 
permanently, and he served acceptably 
and usefully until his resignation in 1899. 

Rev. Lyman Abbott was born in Rox- 
bury, Massachusetts, December 18, 1835, 
third son of Professor Jacob and Harriet 
(Vaughan) Abbott, and brother of Ben- 
jamin Vaughan and Austin Abbott, both 
of whom attained eminence in the law. 
Professor Abbott was the voluminous 
author of the famous "Rollo Books," and 
other series for the young. Lyman Ab- 
bott was graduated from the University 
of the City of New York, Bachelor of 
Arts, 1853, and then became a law student 
in the offices of his brothers, Benjamin V. 
and Austin Abbott, who were both suc- 
cessful practitioners, and under their skill- 
ful guidance and preceptorship he made 
rapid strides and was admitted to the 
New York bar, and for four years the 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



three brothers were associated in the 
active practice of their profession. At 
the expiration of that period of time, Ly- 
man Abbott abandoned the law for the 
ministry, and studied theology under the 
guidance of his uncle, the Rev. John S. C. 
Abbott, the historian. He was ordained 
to the ministry in i860 and in the same 
year was offered the pastorate of a Con- 
gregational church in Terre Haute, Indi- 
ana, where he remained until 1865, when 
the secretaryship of the American Union 
Commission, devoted to the welfare of 
the freedmen, was offered to him, which 
position he accepted, the duties of which 
brought him to New York City. He also 
entered upon the pastorate of the New 
England Congregational Church, New 
York City, and assumed the dual func- 
tions of the secretaryship and pastorate 
until 1868, when he resigned the former, 
and in 1869 he resigned the pastorate, and 
devoted himself to editorial work on the 
religious press. For some time he was 
assistant editor of the "Christian Union," 
in association with the Rev. Henry Ward 
Beecher, and upon the retirement of the 
latter he became editor-in-chief. His call 
to Plymouth Church, after the death of 
its famous pastor, summoned him from 
the active editorial management of the 
"Christian Union." A disciple of his 
former pastor, he had made his paper the 
leading exponent of the views on theology 
and church polity which were familiar to 
Plymouth Church, and unexpectedly, to 
himself as well as to his church, he found 
in the historic pulpit a field as surely his 
own as the editorial sanctum, and in the 
congregation so great an inspiration that 
in a very short period of time he became 
known as a preacher of the first rank. 
He admirably directed the energies of his 
people, who were aroused by the death of 
Mr. Beecher to a new sense of individual 
responsibility for the future of the 
church, and who found in the changing 



conditions of population about the church 
ample fields for new work along new 
lines. His influence with young men was 
marked, and he possessed the faculty of 
drawing the congregation closely to him- 
self through his tact and wisdom in the 
maintenance of lofty ideals, and also in 
drawing large audiences of non-church 
goers over whom he exerted a wonderful 
influence for good. He resigned the 
pastorate of Plymouth Church in 1899 in 
order to devote his effort entirely to the 
editorial conduct of the "Outlook." He 
is recognized throughout the country as 
the representative of liberal thought and 
progressive theology. He delivered a 
series of sermonic lectures on "The Bible 
as Literature," in which he supported the 
Driver-Briggs variation of the Kuenen- 
Wellhausen school of higher criticism of 
the Bible. 

For a number of years Dr. Abbott 
shared with Phillips Brooks and others 
the discharge of pastoral duties at Har- 
vard University. He edited the Literary 
Record of "Harper's Magazine" and of 
"Illustrated Christian Weekly," being the 
founder of the latter named in 1871 ; since 
1893 editor-in-chief of the "Outlook." He 
is the author of: "Jesus of Nazareth," 
"Old Testament Shadows of New Testa- 
ment Truth," "A Layman's Story," "How 
to Study the Bible," "Illustrated Com- 
mentary on the New Testament," 1875 ; 
"Dictionary of Religious Knowledge" 
(with late T. J. Conant) 1876; "A Study 
in Human Nature," 1885 ; "In Aid of 
Faith," 1891 ; "Life of Christ," 1894; 
"Evolution of Christianity," 1896; "The 
Theology of an Evolutionist," 1897; 
"Christianity and Social Problems," 1897; 
"Life and Letters of Paul," 1898; "The 
Life That Really Is," 1899; "Problems of 
Life," 1900; "Life and Literature of the 
Ancient Hebrews," 1900; "The Rights of 
Man," 1901 ; "Henry Ward Beecher," 
1903; "The Other Room," 1904; "The 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Great Companion," 1904; "Christian 
Ministry," 1905; "Personality of God," 
1905; "Industrial Problems," 1905; 
"Christ's Secret of Happiness," 1907; 
"The Home Builder," 1908; "The 
Temple," 1909; "The Spirit of Democ- 
racy," 1910; "America in the Making," 
191 1 ; and "Letters to Unknown Friends," 

1913- 

He is a member of the New York 
Bar Association, American Bar Associ- 
ation, New York State Historical Asso- 
ciation, Indian Rights Association, Amer- 
ican Forestry Association, Remabai Asso- 
ciation, New York, Association for the 
Blind, Association for Improving the 
Condition of the Poor, National Confer- 
ence of Charities and Correction, Aldine 
Association, the New York University 
Alumni, American Peace Society, Maine 
Society, the Religious Educational Asso- 
ciation, the Armstrong Association, New 
York Child Labor Commission, National 
Child Labor Commission, American Insti- 
tute of Sacred Literature, New York 
State Conference of Religion, Universal 
Peace Union, National Civil Service Re- 
form League, American Economic Asso- 
ciation, Association for International Con- 
ciliation, American Academy of Political 
and Social Science, Prison Association of 
New York, American Society of Sanitary 
and Moral Prophylaxis, Legal Aid Soci- 
ety, Italian Immigrant Society, Grenfell 
Association, Metropolitan Museum of 
Art, Committee of One Hundred, Com- 
mittee of Fourteen. His recreations are 
driving, walking, travel. He received the 
degree of Doctor of Divinity from New 
York University, 1876, Harvard, 1890, and 
Yale, 1903; that of Doctor of Laws from 
Western Reserve, 1900, and Amherst, 
1908; and that of Doctor of Higher 
Literature from Miami, 1909. 

Rev. Lyman Abbott married, October 
14, 1857, Abby Frances Hamlin, daughter 
of Hannibal Hamlin. She died in 1907. 



Children : Lawrence F., Harriet F., 
Herbert V., Ernest H., Theodore J., and 



LOW, Seth, 

Educator, Publicist. 

Seth Low, ninth president of Columbia 
College, and a former mayor of New York 
City, was born in Brooklyn, New York, 
January 18, 1850, son of Abiel Abbott and 
Ellen Almira (Dow) Low; the father was 
a prominent merchant in New York City. 

Seth Low attended the Brooklyn Poly- 
technic Institute, and in his sixteenth 
year entered Columbia College and was 
graduated four years later at the head of 
his class. During his last year in college 
he attended lectures in the Columbia 
Law School, but did not complete the 
course, leaving to become a clerk in his 
father's tea importing house. In 1875 
he was admitted to partnership in the 
firm, and when his father retired in 1879, 
he was among the partners who suc- 
ceeded to the business, which was finally 
liquidated in 1888. Meantime he had 
become a member of the Chamber of 
Commerce, in which he soon became use- 
ful, frequently serving upon important 
committees, and at times delivering 
addresses which commanded attention. 

During this period, he had become in- 
terested in social and economic subjects. 
In 1876 he became a volunteer visitor to 
the poor, in a movement which reformed 
and subsequently abolished the out-door 
relief system in Kings county, and which 
two years later led to the establishment 
of the Bureau of Charities, of which he 
was the first president. In 1880 he was 
president of the Republican campaign 
club organized to promote the election of 
Garfield and Arthur, and the conspicuous 
success of that body in swelling the party 
vote, brought its president into public 
view as a leader of men. As a result, in 



19 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1881 he was elected mayor of Brooklyn 
on a reform ticket, by a most decided 
majority ; and as the result of a highly 
successful administration, marked by 
various salutary reform measures, among 
which was that of competitive examina- 
tion for appointment to municipal posi- 
tions, he was reelected in 1883, leaving 
the office in 1886 with a national reputa- 
tion as a practical reformer and exponent 
of honest municipal administration. 
After a visit to Europe, he again engaged 
in business, in which he continued until 
1890, when he was called to the presi- 
dency of Columbia College (of which he 
had been a trustee), in succession to Dr. 
F. A. P. Barnard, and which position he 
occupied with distinguished usefulness 
until 1901, when he left it to become 
mayor of the City of Greater New York. 
Immediately upon taking up his duties as 
president of Columbia College, he began 
to infuse new life into that venerable 
institution, and his entire management 
was marked by most wise judgment. In 
1890, his first year, the several instruc- 
tional departments, which had been main- 
tained independently of each other, were 
organically united and brought under the 
control of a university council created for 
that specific purpose. In the following 
year the old historic College of Physicians 
and Surgeons was brought within the 
university corporation, and the School of 
Mines was broadened into the Schools of 
Applied Science. By the year 1892 the 
university had been so expanded that the 
old buildings had become inadequate, and 
a change of location was determined 
upon. A committee recommended the 
site of the old Bloomingdale Asylum for 
the Insane, on the Morningside Park 
heights, valued at more than two million 
dollars, which amount was paid by the 
year 1894 — a result in large measure due 
to the persistent interest of President 
Low — and seven and a half million dol- 



lars were expended in the erection of the 
new buildings. The efficiency of the 
university was further enhanced by the 
establishment of the Columbia Union 
Press, for the publication of historic and 
scientific documents, after the manner of 
the Oxford Clarendon Press of England. 
President Low's benefactions during this 
period were most princely. In 1894 he 
gave to the university the sum of ten 
thousand dollars for the endowment of a 
classical chair in honor of his former 
teacher. Professor Henry Drisler. In 
1895 he gave a million dollars for the 
erection of the new university library ; 
and in recognition of his munificence the 
trustees established twelve university 
scholarships for Brooklyn boys, and 
twelve in Barnard College for Brooklyn 
girls, besides establishing eight annual 
university scholarships. In 1896 Presi- 
dent Low gave $10,000 to Barnard Col- 
lege, and $5,000 to the New York Kinder- 
garten Association. He was meantime 
busied with various benevolent and char- 
itable labors. In 1893, during the cholera 
epidemic, he rendered useful service as 
chairman of a committee appointed by 
the New York Chamber of Commerce to 
aid the authorities in precautionary 
measures, and the quarantine camp estab- 
lished at Sandy Hook by the national 
government was named Camp Low in his 
honor. With his brother, Abbott Au- 
gustus Low, in 1894 he built and pre- 
sented to the mission station of the Prot- 
estant Episcopal church in Wu Chang, 
China, a completely equipped hospital for 
the use of the mission, and named in 
memory of their father. 

Mr. Low resigned the presidency of 
Columbia University in 1901, to enter 
upon the duties of mayor of the City of 
Greater New York, which position he 
held for two years, fully sustaining his 
reputation as an executive, governed by 
the highest possible standards. Since his 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



retirement from that high office he has 
been busied with personal affairs, giving 
a large share of his attention to the 
benevolent and charitable causes vi^hich 
have always commanded his interest. As 
a master spirit in the field of social and 
economic science, he has frequently been 
an arbitrator of labor disputes. In 1900 
he succeeded Charles P. Daly, deceased, 
as president of the American Geograph- 
ical Society ; and has also served as presi- 
dent of the Archaeological Institution of 
America; as vice-president of the New 
York Academy of Sciences ; as president 
of the American Asiatic Society ; and is 
president of the National Civic Feder- 
ation ; trustee of the Carnegie Institution, 
Washington City ; and is a member of the 
American Philosophical Society, the New 
York Academy of Political Science, and 
the American Academy of Political and 
Social Science. He received the degree 
of Doctor of Laws from Amherst Col- 
lege in 1889; from the University of the 
State of New York, from Harvard Univer- 
sity, from the University of Pennsylvania 
and from Trinity College in 1890; from 
Princeton University in 1896; from Yale 
University in 1901 ; and from the Univer- 
sity of Edinburgh, Scotland, in 1910. He 
married, December 9, 1880, Annie, daugh- 
ter of Benjamin R. Curtis, of Boston, 
Massachusetts. 



HILLIS, Newell Dwight, D. D., 

Clergyman, Author. 

Rev. Newell Dwight Hillis, the present 
pastor of Plymouth Church, Brooklyn, 
New York, one of the most widely known 
institutions in Brooklyn, is a man whose 
methods and style are peculiar to him- 
self, and he is comparable with none 
other. Orderly and logical in his mental 
processes, thoroughly trained in theology 
but too broad-minded to make subtle 
theological distinctions, a profound lover 



of the truth, his teachings are eminently 
practical and helpful to "all sorts and 
conditions of men." With wonderful 
command of language, never hesitating 
for want of a word or misusing one, his 
utterances flow with almost poetic rythm. 
His illustrations, drawn from every-day 
life and from recollections of scenes of 
nature, are captivating, and he impresses 
the hearer with the conviction that he 
seeks to aid him to a better personal life 
and a broader scope of mental vision. 

Plymouth Church, the scene of his pas- 
toral labors, had its origin in the desire 
of the supporters of the Congregational 
polity to multiply churches of that de- 
nomination, notwithstanding the opinion 
of many at the time that Congregational- 
ism could flourish only in New England, 
but the immediate and almost unlocked 
for success of the Church of the Pilgrims, 
of Brooklyn, then less than two years 
old, encouraged a contrary belief. In 
1846 the church edifice, then recently 
vacated by the First Presbyterian Church, 
was purchased, and later the property on 
Cranberry street, extending to Orange 
street, where ever since Plymouth Church 
has stood, was purchased. The church 
was reopened for religious worship. May 
16, 1847, and Henry Ward Beecher, then 
pastor of the Second Presbyterian Church 
in Indianapolis, who had come to New 
York to make the address at the anniver- 
sary of the American Home Missionary 
Society, was invited to preach the open- 
ing sermon, and after the formal organiza- 
tion of the church he was unanimously 
called to the pastorate. The history of 
the church has been marked by many 
episodes which have attracted public at- 
tention. Among them was the vigorous 
part played by pastor and people in the 
anti-slavery agitation. More than once 
living slaves were brought upon its plat- 
form and their liberty purchased by the 
congregation. During the Civil War the 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



church was foremost in deeds as well as 
words for the maintenance of the Union 
and for stimulating a patriotic spirit. The 
inner life of the church has always been 
deep and full. It never was a field for 
religious excitement, though it has shared 
with other churches the fruits of great 
revival seasons. 

Newell Dwight Hillis was born Sep- 
tember 2, 1858, at Magnolia, Iowa, a son 
of Samuel Ewing and Margaret Hester 
(Reichte) Hillis, and a descendant of a 
Scotch-English origin, Hyllis being the 
ancient form of the family name, and his 
ancestors fought under Cromwell, remov- 
ing to Ireland after the restoration of the 
monarchy. Members of the American 
branch of the family served in the Revolu- 
tionary War and during the War of 1812. 
The mother of Dr. Hillis was of German 
descent. 

Dr. Hillis first attended the schools 
of his native town, completing the course 
in the high school, after which he was a 
student in the academy at Magnolia. He 
supplemented the knowledge thus ob- 
tained by a course at Lake Forest Univer- 
sity and in McCormick Theological Semi- 
nary, graduating at the former named in 
1884 and at the latter in 1887, with high 
honors, receiving the degrees of Bachelor 
of Arts and Master of Arts from the 
former named. In early life his thoughts 
turned in the direction of the ministry, 
and when seventeen years of age he be- 
came a missionary for the American Sun- 
day School Union, and for two years 
labored effectively in establishing 
churches and Sunday schools. He was 
ordained to the Presbyterian ministry in 
1887. His first pastorate was the First 
Presbyterian Church of Peoria, Illinois, 
which he served from 1886 to 1889; pastor 
of the church at Evanston, Illinois, 1889 
to 1895; Central Church (Independent) 
Chicago, Illinois, 1895 to 1899; Plymouth 
Congregational Church, Brooklyn, New 



York, since January, 1899, succeeding the 
Rev. Lyman Abbott. Great congregations 
throng to the church at every service, 
attracted by the personality of the man 
and by the bright and earnest discourses 
he delivers. 

The congregation to which Dr. Hillis 
addresses himself is not to be numbered 
by those who hear his voice. During his 
pastorate in Chicago his sermons were 
published in full in one of the leading 
daily newspapers, and since his coming 
to Brooklyn a journal of that city has 
given them similar publicity. He is also 
in great demand as a lecturer before lead- 
ing educational institutions and other 
important audiences. His lecture on 
"John Ruskin's Message to the Twentieth 
Century" has been delivered over two 
hundred times. He is the author of: "A 
Man's Value to Society," "How the Inner 
Light Failed," "Investment of Influence," 
"Great Books as Life Teachers," "Fore- 
tokens of Immortality," "Influence of 
Christ in Modern Life," "Quest of Hap- 
piness," "Success through Self-Help," 
"Building a Working Faith," "The Quest 
of John Chapman," "The Fortune of the 
Republic," "Contagion of Character," 
"Anti-Slavery Epoch," "Prophets of a 
New Era," "Story of Phaedrus," "Lec- 
tures and Orations of Henry Ward 
Beecher," and "Message of David Irving." 
In January, 1902, Dr. Hillis entered upon 
an effort for the erection of a Beecher 
Memorial Building adjacent to Plymouth 
Church. Dr. Hillis received the degree 
of Doctor of Divinity from Northwestern 
University in 1892, and L. H. D. from 
Western Reserve University. 

Dr. Hillis married in Chicago, Illinois, 
April 14, 1887, Annie Louise Patrick, 
daughter of R. M. Patrick, of Marengo, 
Illinois. Children : Richard Dwight, born 
1888; Marjorie Louise, 1889; Nathalie 
Louise, 1900. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



CORTELYOU, George Bruce, 

Man of Affairs, Cabinet Officer. 

George Bruce Cortelyou, who had the 
distinction of holding confidential rela- 
tions to three presidents of the United 
States — Cleveland, McKinley and Roose- 
velt — was born in New York City, July 
26, 1862, son of Peter Crolius and Rose 
(Seary) Cortelyou, and descended from 
Captain Jacques Cortelyou, who was in 
New Amsterdam (New York) prior to 
1657, in which year he aided in making 
the first map of the place, and also in the 
erection of the wall which gave the name 
to Wall street. 

He was of remarkably studious disposi- 
tion. After graduating from the Hemp- 
stead (Long Island) Institute at the age 
of seventeen, he entered the Normal 
School at Westfield, Massachusetts, in 
1882. For a time he was a school teacher 
at Cambridge, Massachusetts, meantime 
studying music, but soon returned to New 
York to continue his musical studies. 
From 1883 to 1885 he was associated with 
James E. Munson as a law reporter. In 
1889 he became a stenographer and type- 
writer in the customs service, and after 
a year was transferred to Washington 
City, where he served under Postmaster- 
General Bissell, and on the recommenda- 
tion of that official became secretary to 
President Cleveland in 1895. While en- 
gaged in the two last-named positions he 
studied law in the law schools of George- 
town and George Washington universi- 
ties, and graduated from both. On Presi- 
dent Cleveland's retirement in March, 
1897, he became (on recommendation of 
Mr. Cleveland) assistant secretary to 
President McKinley, in which position his 
duties were exceedingly arduous owing 
to the ill health of Secretary John A. Por- 
ter (whom he ultimately succeeded), and 
the exactions of the Spanish-American 
War period. He was at the side of Presi- 



dent McKinley when that great American 
was prostrated by the bullet of the assas- 
sin, and remained at the bedside of his 
chief until death closed the vigil. The 
very close relationship in which he stood 
to the late President and his family is 
evidenced by the fact that Mrs. McKinley 
declined to act as executrix of her hus- 
band's will, and named Mr. Cortelyou, 
with Judge Day, to act in her stead. 
When Vice-President Roosevelt succeed- 
ed to the Presidency, he retained Mr. 
Cortelyou as secretary until the creation 
of the new Department of Commerce and 
Labor, to which he at once appointed Mr. 
Cortelyou, who at once entered upon the 
great task of organization. Mr. Cortel- 
you not only succeeded masterfully in his 
new position, but as chairman of the Re- 
publican National Committee he aided 
largely in the election of his chief to the 
presidency, and at the beginning of Presi- 
dent Roosevelt's administration was 
called to his cabinet as Postmaster-Gen- 
eral. In his new position he displayed 
masterly qualities, and instituted numer- 
ous salutary reforms, establishing the 
good behavior tenure for fourth-class 
postmasters, extending rural free delivery 
and instituting a parcels delivery system, 
protecting the service more efficiently 
against uses for fraudulent and immoral 
purposes, and also materially reducing 
the annual deficit in the accounts of his 
department. On March 4, 1907, Leslie M. 
Shaw resigned the Treasury secretary- 
ship, and Mr. Cortelyou was made his 
successor. Within a few months a mone- 
tary panic set in, resulting in the suspen- 
sion of numerous strong financial houses. 
The condition was considerably ameli- 
orated by Mr. Cortelyou's judicious dis- 
tribution of funds to points where the 
monetary stringency was most severe, 
but the relief was only partial, and re- 
sulted in Mr. Cortelyou recommending 
more adequate provisions, a suggestion 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



which Congress at once acted upon by- 
passing an act providing for a more elas- 
tic currency system, and which was later 
developed into that which now obtains. 

Mr. Cortelyou retired from the cabinet 
with the close of President Roosevelt's 
administration, and became president of 
the New York Consolidated Gas Com- 
pany, in which capacity he is now serv- 
ing. He received the honorary degree of 
Doctor of Laws from Georgetown Uni- 
versity, the University of Illinois, and the 
Wesleyan University of Kentucky. He 
married, in 1888, Lilly Morris, daughter 
of Dr. Ephraim Hinds, who was his pre- 
ceptor at Hempstead Institute. A biog- 
rapher has said of Mr. Cortelyou that "he 
is the most notable example in public life, 
of high attainments in the public service, 
without winning any distinction whatever 
in a private capacity, or relying upon out- 
side influence; and personally serving 
three presidents of strangely divergent 
characteristics." 



DIX, John Alden, 

Ex-Governor of New York. 

Ex-Governor John Alden Dix is a rep- 
resentative in the ninth generation of a 
family of English origin, the earliest 
known members of which were in the 
fleet with Governor Winthrop in 1630. 
They settled at Watertown, Massachu- 
setts, removing later to Connecticut, in 
which State many of their descendants 
resided, some of the later members of 
the family residing in Vermont and New 
York, the latter State having been the 
birthplace of the parents of Governor Dix, 
namely, James Lawton and Laura Ann 
(Stevens) Dix. 

John Alden Dix was born at Glens 
Falls, New York, December 25, i860. He 
studied at the Glens Falls Academy, 
graduating in 1879, and then entered Cor- 
nell University, graduating in 1883. He 



worked on a farm, then in the machine 
shops of his native town, and later en- 
gaged in the lumber business with Lemon 
Thomson, of Albany, at Thomson, New 
York, under the firm name of Thomson 
& Dix. On the death of the senior part- 
ner in February, 1897, the firm was dis- 
solved, and Mr. Dix was appointed exec- 
utor of his deceased partner's estate. He 
purchased the latter's interest and de- 
veloped a paper mill at Thomson, where 
his chief business is centered, gradually 
building up one of the most efficient wall 
paper plants in the country and at the 
same time turned his attention to the 
conservation of natural resources. Mr. 
Dix realized that much of New York's 
wealth lay in her trees, and to protect 
himself he acquired a tract of seventeen 
thousand acres for his own mills, and 
made it a rule that for every tree which 
was cut down another should be planted. 
Prior to this he was a member of the firm 
of Reynolds & Dix, black marble, this 
connection continuing from 1882 to 1887. 
He is president of the Iroquois Paper 
Company and the Moose River Lumber 
Company, vice-president of the Blandy 
Paper Company and the First National 
Bank (Albany), treasurer of the Ameri- 
can Wood Board Company, and director 
of the Albany Trust Company, Glens 
Falls Trust Company, National Bank of 
Schuylerville and the Adirondack Trust 
Company. 

In politics Mr. Dix is a Democrat, and 
at the national convention at St. Louis in 
1904 he met and became acquainted with 
many of the leading men of the Demo- 
cratic party. In 1906 he was a candidate 
for the gubernatorial nomination at Buf- 
falo, New York ; in the fall of 1908 was 
placed on the ticket as Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor ; in the spring of 1910 was chosen 
chairman of the Democratic State Com- 
mittee, and in the fall of 1910 became the 
Democratic nominee for Governor and 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



I 



was elected. He was an advocate of an 
honest revision of the tariff, of an eco- 
nomical administration of the affairs of 
the State, and of a cutting off of the use- 
less expenditures. Among the important 
and constructive laws and measures 
championed and approved by Governor 
Dix were : The Fifty-four Hour Law, the 
Cold Storage Law, the establishment of a 
State Fire Marshal's Department, insur- 
ance laws improved and strengthened, 
and agricultural education encouraged by 
liberal appropriations and the establish- 
ment of agricultural schools and colleges. 
His administration was unique in its rec- 
cord of achievement. Its distinctive fea- 
tures were the application of the princi- 
ples of efficiency and economy in the con- 
duct of the business of the State, and a 
determination to keep faith with the peo- 
ple. He was one of the founders of the 
Democratic League and as such stands 
for personal freedom, national and State 
economy, the revision of the tariff and 
revenue laws, and the abolition of protec- 
tion for gigantic "Infant industries." Mr. 
Dix is a warden of St. Stephen's Epis- 
copal Church of Schuylerville, and a mem- 
ber of Glens Falls Lodge, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, Theta Delta Chi frater- 
nity. Fort Orange Club, Albany Country 
Club, Albany Institute and Historical and 
Art Society, National Democratic Club 
(New York) and Lake George Club. 

Mr. Dix married at Albany, New York, 
April 24, 1889, Gertrude Alden Thomson, 
born at Albany, daughter of Lemon and 
Abby Galusha (Sherman) Thomson, 
granddaughter of Charles C. Thomson 
and August Sherman, great-granddaugh- 
ter of Charles Thomson, great-great- 
granddaughter of Benjamin Thomson, the 
emigrant ancestor of the family, coming 
to this country from Scotland, and a lineal 
descendant of Roger Sherman, a signer 
of the Declaration of Independence, and 
of Joseph Williams, a Revolutionary sol- 
dier. 



FARLEY, John M., 

Cardinal. 

The Right Rev. John Murphy Farley, a 
Cardinal in the Roman Catholic Church, 
was born at Newton Hamilton, County 
Armagh, Ireland, April 20, 1842, son of 
Philip and Catherine (Murphy) Farley. 
The Farley family comes of good old 
Irish stock of County Monaghan, Ireland, 
and the ardent patriotism that has dis- 
tinguished its history in Ireland for gen- 
erations is a matter of the keenest pride 
with all its members at the present time. 
Cardinal Farley has always devoted him- 
self, heart and soul, to everything per- 
taining to the welfare of Ireland. In boy- 
hood he exhibited a singular seriousness 
in everything he said or did, and being 
a remarkably bright boy his knowledge 
of his religion was such that he was con- 
firmed at the early age of seven years. 
On that occasion the bishop said that he 
was too young and ordered him sent back, 
but the priest answered, "Question him 
on his catechism ; no one here knows it 
better." Then the bishop gave him a very 
rigid examination, asking him many diffi- 
cult questions and he was perfectly satis- 
fied with the answers. 

John Murphy Farley received his early 
education under the direction of a private 
tutor named Hugh McGuire, a very pious 
and serious man who afterwards became 
a priest, and this was supplemented by a 
course at St. Marcartan's College, Mon- 
aghan, Ireland. In 1870 the Farley fam- 
ily removed to the United States, and the 
education of John M. was continued at 
St. John's College, Fordham, New York, 
from which institution he was graduated 
in 1866. He had always been devoted to 
the church as a child and those who 
watched him felt certain that he would 
eventually become a priest, but he him- 
self never dreamed of such an honor until 
he had approached very near to maturity. 
Finally deciding to study for the ministry. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



he went to St. Joseph's Seminary at Troy, 
New York, which had been established by 
Bishop Hughes a few years previously. 
Here he displayed such evident ability 
and so distinguished himself in his work 
that he attracted the attention of Arch- 
bishop McCloskey, who sent him to the 
American College at Rome to complete 
his course, and he was a student there for 
the following four years or until his grad- 
uation. He was ordained to the priest- 
hood in Rome, June ii, 1870, and his first 
appointment was as curate to the Rev. 
James Conran, pastor of St. Peter's 
Church, New Brighton, Staten Island, 
New York, in which capacity he served 
until 1872. In that year Monsignor Mc- 
Neirny was made bishop of Albany, and 
Cardinal McCloskey made Father Farley 
his private secretary and he served as 
such until the year 18S4, when he was 
appointed pastor of St. Gabriel's Church, 
New York City, to succeed Father Clow- 
ny, deceased, and during his pastorate 
there he erected St. Gabriel's Parish 
School, a model educational institution. 
In 1884 Pope Leo XIII, by request of 
Cardinal McCloskey, appointed him pri- 
vate papal chamberlain with the title of 
Monsignor, and the same year he was 
unanimously elected rector of the Ameri- 
can College in Rome, which honor, at the 
request of Cardinal McCloskey, who 
valued his services to the diocese so 
highly that he would not consent to his 
departure for Rome, he declined. In 1886 
he was appointed diocesan consulter, one 
of the official advisers of Archbishop Cor- 
rigan, and for some time he was also a 
member of the diocesan school board and 
the diocesan board of examination. In 
November, 1891, Archbishop Corrigan ap- 
pointed him vicar-general of the arch- 
diocese of New York to succeed Mon- 
signor Preston. He was domestic prel- 
ate of Pope Leo XIII., appointed April 
8, 1892 ; prothonotary apostolic, appointed 



in August, 1895. On December 21, 1895, 
he was consecrated in St. Patrick's Ca- 
thedral with full canonical ceremony titu- 
lar bishop of Zeugma and auxiliary bishop 
of New York, by Archbishop Corrigan, 
assisted by Bishop McDonnell, of Brook- 
lyn, New York, and Bishop Gabriel, of 
Ogdensburg, New York. Bishop Mc- 
Quade, of Rochester, New York, preached 
the sermon ; the Very Rev. Joseph T. 
Mooney was assistant priest ; the Rev. 
Edward McKenna and the Rev. John Ed- 
wards, deacons of honor; the Rev. James 
H. McGean, deacon of the mass ; the Rev. 
Charles H. Colton, sub-deacon ; the Rev. 
Michael J. Lavelle, chaplain of the briefs; 
the Rev. Cornelius G. O'Keefe, deacon of 
the cross ; the Very Rev. Albert A. Lings, 
the Revs. Francis P. Fitzmaurice, James 
J. Dougherty, Nicholas J. Hughes, M. C. 
O'Farrell and John J. Flood, chaplains. 
On the death of Archbishop Corrigan, 
May 5, 1902, Bishop Farley resigned the 
pastorate of St. Gabriel's Church and was 
appointed administrator of New York, 
and on September 15, 1902, he was ap- 
pointed by the Pope to be the fourth arch- 
bishop of New York. He was elected to 
the cardinalate, November 2-j, 191 1. He 
is a man of brilliant attainments — active 
and progressive — and has always been 
staunch in his advocacy of all that is 
Catholic, and outspoken in his views when 
the interests of Catholicity have de- 
manded it. He is the author of : "Life of 
Cardinal McCloskey" (serially in His- 
torical Records and Studies, New York), 
1899-1900; "Neither Generous nor Just" 
(reply to Bishop Potter); "Catholic 
World," 1898; "Why Church Property 
Should Not Be Taxed," Forum, 1893; 
"History of St. Patrick's Cathedral." 



GOETHALS, Col. George W., 
Military Engineer. 

Colonel George Washington Goethals, 
a most distinguished engineer officer, and 



26 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



world-famous for his achievements in 
connection with the Panama Canal, was 
born in Brooklyn, New York, June 29, 
1S58, son of John Louis and Marie (Le 
Barron) Goethals. 

He began his education in the local pub- 
lic schools, pursued advanced branches in 
the College of the City of New York, then 
receiving appointment to the Military 
Aacdemy at West Point, from which he 
was graduated at the age of twenty-two, 
with the commission of second lieutenant 
of engineers. He was retained for a time 
as instructor in astronomy at the acad- 
emy, and was then assigned to duty with 
the corps of engineers at Willet's Point, 
New York ; meantime being advanced to 
a first lieutenantcy. From 1882 to 1884 
he served under General Miles, in the 
Department of the Columbia, and was 
then made assistant to Colonel Merrill, 
at Cincinnati, Ohio. Here, on the Ohio 
river, the young engineer entered first 
upon experience which was to be invalu- 
able to him in after years, bringing him to 
some of most important construction 
work on canals, dams, and locks. From 
1885 to 1889 he was again at the Military 
Academy, as instructor and professor of 
engineering, then resuming work with his 
corps on the Ohio and Tennessee rivers. 

When the Spanish-American war broke 
out, he was a captain, and he was now 
commissioned lieutenant-colonel of volun- 
teers, and assigned to duty as chief engi- 
neer of the First Army Corps. He was 
honorably discharged from the volunteer 
service at the end of the war, and returned 
to the engineer corps of the regular army, 
being promoted to the rank of major. In 
1903 he became a member of the army 
general staff and given charge of the forti- 
fication planning and construction in 
Rhode Island. In 1905 he was graduated 
from the Army War College. His labors 
in western waters had given him a broad 
prestige — especially his canal construction 



on the Tennessee river, a stream abound- 
ing in shoals — and President Roose- 
velt appointed him chairman and chief 
engineer of the Isthmus of Panama Canal 
Commission, a body of army officers ap- 
pointed to succeed civilian engineers. 
The members of the commission at once 
took up their residence on the Isthmus, 
and Colonel Goethals set out to a well 
defined system involving radical changes 
from that which had formerly been pur- 
sued, and including a widening of the 
canal and locks, and a relocation of the 
Isthmian railroad. His labors have been 
of so technical a description as to forbid 
relation here. Sufficient to say, that he 
could not escape criticism and some of his 
methods were severely attacked. Presi- 
dents Roosevelt and Taft both personally 
inspected the scene of Colonel Goethals 
labors, and the former appointed an ad- 
visory board of engineers to examine into 
and report upon the canal operations, with 
the result of entire approval. The great 
engineer became a full colonel in 1909, 
and in 1914 was made civil governor of 
the Panama Canal Zone — the first ap- 
pointee to the position. He has received 
medals of honor from the National Geo- 
graphic Society, the Civic Forum, and the 
National Institute of Social Sciences. He 
received the degree of Doctor of Laws 
from the University of Pennsylvania in 
1913. He married, in 1884, Effie, daugh- 
ter of Thomas R. Rodman. Of their two 
sons the eldest George R., is a lieutenant 
of engineers, United States Army. 



LEVY, JefTerson M., 

Owner of Monticello. 

Jefferson Monroe Levy, member of 
Congress and owner of Monticello, the 
homestead of Thomas Jeflferson, was born 
in New York City, a son of Captain Jonas 
P. and Fanny (Mitchell) Levy. He was 
educated in the public schools, studied 



27 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



law at the New York University, was ad- 
mitted to the bar, and entered upon prac- 
tice the same year. He was elected as a 
Democrat to the Fifty-sixth Congress 
(1899), by a majority of more than six 
thousand over James W. Perry, chairman 
of the Republican county committee of 
New York, overcoming a Republican ma- 
jority of seven thousand at the preceding 
election, and he was returned to the Sixty- 
second and Sixty-third Congresses. He 
is a member of the Democratic Club of 
New York, which he organized, and of 
which he was vice-president many years ; 
of the Manhattan Club, the New York 
Yacht Club, the Meadow Creek Country 
Club, the Sandown Park Club, the Cham- 
ber of Commerce, and the Board of Trade 
and Transportation of New York. 

Mr. Levy is a nephew of Commodore 
Uriah P. Levy, a distinguished officer of 
the United States Navy of the last gen- 
eration. Commodore Levy was mainly 
instrumental in the abolition of flogging 
in the navy. In 1830, at the suggestion of 
President Andrew Jackson, he purchased 
Monticello, the homestead of Thomas 
Jefferson, near Charlottesville, Virginia, 
and which, at his death, descended to 
Congressman Jefferson M. Levy. The 
homestead, built in 1764, is maintained 
by Mr. Levy in accordance with its estab- 
lished traditions, and is always open to 
those of the public who desire to visit this 
Mecca of Democracy, and of whom there 
are thousands every year. 



DEPEW, Chauncey Mitchell, 

Statesman, Orator, Man of Large Affairs. 

Chauncey Mitchell Depew is descended 
from a famous Huguenot family, and his 
New England ancestry includes the im- 
portant Mitchell, Sherman, Palmer, Win- 
ship, Wellington, Minott, Chauncey and 
Johnstone families, various of whom are 
hereinafter mentioned 



The name Du Puy or De Puy is one of 
the most ancient known in French his- 
tory, and was prominent in Normandy as 
early as the eleventh century. Raphael 
Du Puy was an officer of rank in 1030, 
under Conrad II., of the Holy Roman 
Empire, and his son Hughes distinguished 
himself in the Crusades. The history of 
the family in France is marked down the 
centuries by many noted names in both 
church and state. The surname Du Puy 
has masqueraded in many forms in its 
passage from France to Holland, and 
thence to America. It is found recorded 
as Dupuis, Depui, Depuy, Depee, Depuy, 
De Pue, Depu, etc. Francois, grandson 
of the original Francois, who was bap- 
tized August 20, 1700, in the old Dutch 
church of Sleepy Hollow, at Tarrytown, 
is generally recorded as Frans De Pew ; 
later the name took its present form of 
Depew. 

(I) Francois Dupuis fled from France 
on account of religious persecution and 
took refuge in Holland, whence he came 
to America, being the first of the family 
to locate in New Amsterdam. The earli- 
est record of him shows him as one of the 
first twenty inhabitants of Boswyck 
(modern Bushwick), now a component 
part of Brooklyn. He signed a petition, 
dated March 14, 1661, asking for privi- 
leges usually desired by a newly incor- 
porated village. In 1663 his name is en- 
rolled as a member of a company of 
militia with Ryck Lykeker as captain, 
this company being probably organized 
for the purpose of protection against the 
Indians. It is uncertain how long he 
lived at Bushwick, as William is his only 
child known to have been born there, 
although there may have been others. He 
may have resided in New York for a time, 
although this is uncertain. During the 
years 1671-77 the baptism of three of his 
children is recorded in the New York Re- 
formed Church. In 1677 it is claimed that 



28 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



he and his wife became members of the 
church at Flatbush, where their next two 
children were baptized in 1679 and 1681, 
respectively. He had a grant of about 
eighty acres of land on the south side of 
the Fresh Kill on Staten Island, bearing 
date December 21, 16S0, and April 4, 1685, 
and received another grant on the island at 
Smoking Point. In 1686 Francois Dupuis 
had his son Nicholas baptized in New 
York, and the following year is mentioned 
as a resident of Rockland (now a part of 
Orange county), where on September 26 
he signed the oath of allegiance with 
other inhabitants of the recently estab- 
lished settlements of Haverstraw and 
Orangetown. Three of his children mar- 
ried and settled in Rockland county, but 
he had crossed the river before the cen- 
sus of Orange in 1702, and located at 
Peekskill, Westchester county (where 
others of his children had made their 
homes), and settled on a tract of land 
originally purchased from the Indians in 
1685, under a license from Governor Don- 
gan. In this connection it is interesting 
to note that part of this land was held in 
fee in the family until the last of his 
share, after having been in the family 
two hundred and eleven years, was in 1896 
given by Chauncey Mitchell Depew to 
the village of Peekskill for a public park. 
Mary, youngest child of Francois Du- 
puis, was baptized in New York, where 
her mother is mentioned as Annie Elsten, 
who must have been his second wife. On 
April I, 1702, he and his daughter Maria 
are named as sponsors or godparents at 
the baptism of his granddaughter, 
Grietje Quorry, in the Sleepy Hollow 
church, and a few years later both he and 
this daughter are recorded as members 
of the church, having residence on the 
patent of Captain De Kay and Ryck Abra- 
hamsen Lent, a grandson of the latter 
having previously married Maria. It is 
supposed he paid close attention to the 



cultivation of his land and his private 
affairs, as his name appears so seldom in 
public records, but through careful re- 
search among the records of the Reformed 
churches at New York, Tappan, Tarry- 
town, and Cortlandt, enough scraps of in- 
formation have been found to piece to- 
gether the record of his descendants which 
is given below. On August 26, 1661, the 
banns of his first marriage were published 
in the records of the Reformed Dutch 
Church of New Amsterdam, as follows: 
"Francois Dupuis, young man of Calais, 
France, and Geertje Willems, of Amster- 
dam." They were married just one 
month later, in Breuckelen, their marriage 
being the fifth of record in the Dutch 
church there, as follows: "26 September, 
1661, Francois Dupuis and Geertje Wil- 
lems, with certificate from Manhattans." 
It is believed by eminent authority that 
Geertje Willems was a daughter of Wil- 
lem Jacobse Van Boerum, of Flatbush, 
who came with his family in 1649 from 
Amsterdam, Holland, given in the register 
of the banns as the birthplace of Geertje. 
Children of Francois Dupuis: William, 
of whom further; Jannetje (Jane), mar- 
ried Kellem Quorry, or McKorry ; Grietje 
(Margaret), baptized in New York, Oc- 
tober I, 1671, married Ward, of 

Haverstraw; Jean (John), baptized in 
New York, May 20, 1674, married Jan- 
netje Wiltse, widow of Myndert Hend- 
reickse (Hogencamp); a child (not 
named), whose baptismal entry was made 
at New York, February 14, 1677, and 
who may have been Maria, who was 
sponsor with her father in 1702, about 
which time she married Abraham Hend- 
rickse Lent, of Tarrytown ; Sara, bap- 
tized at Flatbush, February 23, 1679, 
married Herman Hendrickse Blauvelt; 
Geertje (Gertrude), baptized at Flatbush, 
September 18, 1681, of whom further rec- 
ord is not to be found ; Nicholaes, bap- 
tized in New York, October 17, 1686,. 



29 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



whose wife's name was Barbara ; Mary, 
baptized in New York City, March 3, 
1689, the record of the parents being 
"PVancois Puy and Annie Elsten," no fur- 
ther record being given of either mother 
or child. 

(II) William Depew, probably eldest 
child of Francois and Geertje (Willems) 
Dupuis, was born at Bushwick, and was 
among the pioneers of the locality made 
famous as the birthplace of Senator 
Chauncey M. Depew. It would seem that 
he had made camp on the point of land 
called by the Indians Meanagh, or Mer- 
nach, and afterwards named Verplanck's 
Point, when the settlement had hardly 
begun, he then being unmarried. He was 
at Mernach as early as 1688, and probably 
strayed over from Haverstraw, where his 
father had located a year or two previous, 
and where his brother John continued to 
live for several years afterwards. He 
there made a home for his future bride, a 
maiden born on the Island of Barbadoes, 
and doubtless of English parentage, 
shown on the records as Lysbeth Weyt, 
which in English would be Elizabeth 
White. She was living a little further 
down on the river at a place bearing the 
Indian name of Knightwanck, near the 
mouth of the Croton river, which stream 
also bore the name of the locality. Rec- 
ord of the banns was posted on the regis- 
ter of the Dutch church of New York, 
the nearest one to their home, which 
church issued a certificate permitting Wil- 
liam to marry at the home of the bride. 
The record is as follows: "loth August, 
1688, William Dupuy, j. m. Van Boswyck, 
en Lysbeth Weyt, j. m. van de Barba- 
does, d'Eerste wonende op Mernach en 
twede tot Kichtenwang." This marriage 
was probably executed in primitive style 
at Kichtewang during the following 
month, perhaps the first marriage in the 
Manor of Cortlandt, and spoken of as the 
forerunner of an event that made Peeks- 



kill renowned as the home of a great and 
popular orator in a later generation of the 
family. William Depew had children as 
follows : Sara, married Willem Dill, Theil 
or Teil; Abigail, married Pieter Consje; 
Thomas, married Cornelia Lendel ; Anna, 
baptized at Tarrytown, August 2, 1698; 
Francois, of whom further; Pieter. The 
father's name was usually spelled Dupuy. 

(III) Francois (2), son of William and 
Lysbeth (Weyt) Depew, was born near 
Tarrytown, New York, in August, 1700, 
and was baptized August 20, 1700. Not 
very much is known of him beyond the 
fact that he was engaged in the regular 
pioneer and agricultural work of the 
neighborhood around Cortlandt Manor. 
He married, at Tarrytown, New York, 
June 3, 1727, Maritje Van Thessel. This 
marriage is recorded in the Tarrytown 
church in the style of the period : "Frans 
De Pew j. m., en Maritje Van Thessel." 
The record also states that they were both 
born on Cortlandt Manor, he being a resi- 
dent there, and she a resident of Tarry- 
town. Children : Hendrikus, of whom 
further ; Anneke, baptized at Tarrytown, 
August 21, 1730; William, born 1732, the 
muster roll of Westchester county militia 
saying of him in 1758, "born in Cortlandt, 
aged 26," there being no further record 
concerning him ; Elizabeth, baptized at 
Tarrytown, April 23, 1734, married Octo- 
ber 29, 1758, John Lent; Abraham, bap- 
tized at Tarrytown, April 13, 1736, died 
young; Sarah, baptized at Tarrytown, 
April 19, 1738; Abraham, April 30, 1743. 

(IV) Hendrikus or Henry Depew, son 
of Francois (2) and Maritje (Van Thes- 
sel) Depew, was baptized at Tarrytown, 
New York, April 27, 1728. Very little is 
known concerning the events of the life of 
Hendrikus. The only child that the rec- 
ords credit to him, is Abraham, men- 
tioned below. The mother's name is not 
mentioned. The sponsors at Abraham's 
baptism, which took place in the Dutch 



30 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



church at Tarrytown, were "Frans Pue 
and wife," without doubt the parents of 
Hendrikus. It is fortunate for this line- 
age, perhaps, that Abraham received so 
marked a distinction as to have his bap- 
tism recorded. The other children of 
Hendrikus, and it seems that they had 
others, were not so favored. Colonel 
Teetor says of Abraham that he was in 
the Revolutionary War, and that he 
was the great-grandfather of Chauncey 
Mitchell Depew. Our own researches 
have tended to confirm this theory. 

(V) Abraham Depew, son of Hend- 
rikus or Henry Depew, was born at Cort- 
landt Manor, New York, and was bap- 
tized in the Dutch church at Tarrytown, 
New York, April 5, 1752. His youth was 
undoubtedly spent on the family home- 
stead, and he in all probability received 
the general education of the period. 
There are a good many records in Tarry- 
town and Cortlandt concerning various 
Abrahams Depew, but it is usually dififi- 
cult to ascertain to which particular Abra- 
ham any two records refer. One author- 
ity says: "The church baptismal records 
of Tarrytown and Cortlandt furnish very 
good grounds for confusion among the 
various Abrahams Depew. While there 
is an apparent lack of records in some 
directions, there seems to be a perplexing 
superfluity of fathers Abraham, whose 
sons and daughters, to straighten and 
place where they belong, would take a 
man with more wisdom than Solomon." 
Concerning Abraham Depew, the son of 
Hendrikus Depew, another authority 
gives us definite particulars. Abraham 
Depew enlisted January 2, 1777, for the 
Revolutionary War, in Captain Jacob 
Wright's company, in the regiment com- 
manded by Colonel Philip Van Cortlandt. 
He was promoted corporal, June i, 1777, 
and was discharged January 3, 1780, on 
account of the expiration of term of serv- 
ice. He married Catherine, daughter of 



Captain James Kronkite, who was com- 
missioned captain, October 19, 1775, and 
served in the Third Regiment, Manor of 
Cortlandt, commanded by Colonel Pierre 
Van Cortlandt. Children : Esther, bap- 
tized September 18, 1797; James Kron- 
kite, born August 25, 1791, baptized in 
1793; Anne, born September 12, 1794; 
Elizabeth, February 6, 1796; Henry, May 
18, 1798; Isaac, of whom further. 

(VI) Isaac Depew, son of Abraham 
and Catherine (Kronkite) Depew, was 
born at Peekskill, New York, about 181 1. 
He spent most of his life caring for the 
estate which his paternal ancestor pur- 
chased from the Indians more than a hun- 
dred years before. He was a respected 
citizen of Peekskill, and took a consider- 
able interest in the affairs of the town. 
He married Martha, daughter of Chaun- 
cey Root Mitchell, a distinguished lawyer. 
Her mother was a daughter of Judge Rob- 
ert Johnstone, for many years Senator 
and judge, who owned Lake Mahopac and 
a large estate about it. Mrs. Depew was 
a granddaughter of Rev. Josiah Sherman, 
brother of Roger Sherman, a signer of the 
Declaration of Independence. Rev. Josiah 
Sherman was a captain in the Seventh 
Connecticut Regiment, Continental Line, 
and three of his brothers were also in the 
patriot army ; they were descended from 
Captain John Sherman, an English army 
officer, who was born in Dedham, County 
Essex, in 1615. Another of Mrs. Depew's 
ancestors was Rev. Charles Chauncey, 
first president of Harvard College. 

(VII) Hon. Chauncey Mitchell Depew, 
son of Isaac and Martha (Mitchell) De- 
pew, was born in Peekskill, Westchester 
county, New York, April 23, 1834. He 
was fitted for college at Peekskill Acad- 
emy, and in 1852 entered Yale College in 
what was in after years known as the 
"Famous Class of '56." Of the nine mem- 
bers of the Supreme Court of the United 
States, the highest tribunal in the nation 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and the aspiration of every lawyer, were 
two members of this class, Henry Billings 
Brown and David Josiah Brewer. Mr. 
Depew was graduated from Yale in 1856; 
he received his Master of Arts degree in 
due course and in 1887 was given the 
honorary degree of Doctor of Laws. The 
following year he was elected a member 
of the Yale Corporation, which position 
he held for twelve years. 

Immediately after leaving college he 
threw himself heart and soul into the 
canvass in support of Fremont and Day- 
ton, the first presidential and vice-presi- 
dential candidates of the newly formed 
Republican party, and made speeches 
throughout the country in support of the 
proposition that it was the right and duty 
of Congress to prohibit slavery and polyg- 
amy in the territories. In 1858 he was 
elected a delegate to the Republican State 
convention, and has since been a delegate 
in that body to every succeeding conven- 
tion, except two, up to and including 
191 2. He was one of the four delegates- 
at-large from the State of New York to 
the Republican national conventions of 
1888-92-96-1900-04, and a delegate to six 
other national conventions. In 1861 he 
was elected to the Legislature from the 
Third Westchester District, was re- 
elected in 1862, and became chairman of 
the committee on ways and means and 
leader of the house ; for most of the time 
he also acted as speaker pro ton. In 1863 
he headed the Republican State ticket as 
candidate for Secretary of State, and was 
elected. In 1866 President Johnson ap- 
pointed Mr. Depew United States Minis- 
ter to Japan. His confirmation by the 
Senate immediately followed, but after 
holding the place in advisement for a con- 
siderable time, he declined the position 
for family reasons. In 1872 he was candi- 
date for Lieutenant-Governor on the Lib- 
eral Republican ticket, but failed of elec- 
tion. In 1874 he was elected by the Legis- 



lature regent of the University of the State 
of New York, and held the position for 
thirty-four years. He was elected by the 
Alumni of Yale University a member of 
the corporation and held the office for 
twelve years. He was also one of the 
commissioners to build the capitol at Al- 
bany. In 1881 Mr. Depew was a candi- 
date for Senator, following the resigna- 
tions of Senators Roscoe Conkling and 
Thomas C. Piatt. After the fifty-sixth 
ballot, in which he received the largest 
number of votes of his party, he withdrew 
to secure the election of two senators. In 
1882 he was offered the Senatorship, but 
declined for business reasons. In 1888 he 
received the unanimous support of the 
State of New York for the presidential 
nomination, and received ninety-nine 
votes in the Republican National Con- 
vention. General Benjamin Harrison was 
nominated, and after his election he 
offered Mr. Depew every position in his 
cabinet, excepting that of Secretary of 
State, which he had promised to Mr. 
Blaine, or if he preferred, any mission 
abroad which he might select, and all of 
which he declined. In 1894, on the resig- 
nation of Mr. Blaine as Secretary of 
State, President Harrison tendered that 
position to Mr. Depew and this was also 
declined. In 1899 ^^- Depew was elected 
United States Senator for six years, and 
was reelected in 1905. He has as a candi- 
date for United States Senator received 
the ballots of the members of his party 
in the State Legislature more than any 
other citizen of the United States, namely 
sixty ballots, one each day for sixty days 
in 1881, and sixty-four during forty-five 
days in 191 1. 

Mr. Depew has a world-wide reputa- 
tion as a public speaker and has been the 
orator on many occasions of national im- 
portance. He was the orator selected 
to deliver the oration at the Centennial 
Anniversary of the inauguration of the 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



I 



first President of the United States ; of the 
organization of the Legislature of the 
State of New York; of the capture of 
Major Andre; at the dedication of the 
Bartholdi Statue of Liberty in New York 
harbor ; at the opening of the World's 
Fair in Chicago in honor of the four hun- 
dredth anniversary of the discovery of 
America by Columbus; and the opening 
of the great fairs at Omaha, Nebraska, 
and Charleston, South Carolina. He 
made the nominating speeches for Harri- 
son in the national convention in 1892, 
and for Roosevelt in 1904. His last nota- 
ble political speech was in advocacy of 
the reelection of President Taft, in 1912. 
His numerous addresses have been col- 
lected and published in a work of eight 
volumes. Justin McCarthy, in his "Remi- 
niscences," in regard to after-dinner 
speakers, and giving the first rank to 
Charles Dickens, says: "I do not quite 
know whom I should put second to him ; 
sometimes I feel inclined to give James 
Russell Lowell that place, and sometimes 
my mind impels me to give it to Mr. 
Lowell's countryman, Mr. Chauncey De- 
pew." 

While Mr. Depew's highest reputation 
throughout the country is as a stateman 
and orator, his life has been crowded with 
professional and business activities. He 
was admitted to the bar in 1858. In 1866 
he became attorney for the New York & 
Harlem Railroad Company, and in 1869, 
when that road was consolidated with the 
New York Central & Hudson River rail- 
road, with Commodore Vanderbilt at its 
head, Mr. Depew was chosen attorney for 
the new corporation and elected a mem- 
ber of the board of directors. As the 
Vanderbilt railroad system expanded, Mr. 
Depew's interests and duties increased in 
a corresponding degree, and in 1875 he 
was appointed general counsel of the en- 
tire system, and elected a director of the 
roads of which it was composed. On the 
N Y-Vol iv-3 33 



resignation of Mr. Vanderbilt from the 
presidency, Mr. Depew was made second 
vice-president, and in 1885 he was ad- 
vanced to the presidency of the New 
York Central & Hudson River railroad. 
He held this office for thirteen years, 
during which period he was president also 
of six other railroad companies in the 
allied system, and was director in twenty- 
eight additional lines. On his resigna- 
tion from the presidency in 1898 he was 
elected chairman of the board of directors 
of the New York Central & Hudson 
River railroad, the Lake Shore & Michi- 
gan Southern railroad, and the New York, 
Chicago & St. Louis railroad, which posi- 
tion he now holds. 

Mr. Depew was president of the St. 
Nicholas Society for two years, and of 
the Empire State Society of the Sons of 
the American Revolution for a number of 
years; and of the Yale Alumni Associa- 
tion of New York for ten years ; for seven 
years president of the Union League, a 
longer term than ever held by any other, 
and on declining further election he was 
made an honorary life member ; is a mem- 
ber of the New York Chamber of Com- 
merce; the Society of the Cincinnati; a 
Master Mason of Kane Lodge of Peek- 
skill, and holds the thirty-third degree in 
the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite, 
in the Valley of New York; the Hugue- 
not Society ; the Metropolitan Club ; the 
Century Club, the Holland Society ; the 
New England Society ; the Colonial Wars 
Society ; the American Bar Association ; 
the New York Bar Association ; the West- 
chester County Bar Association ; the Re- 
publican Club ; the Lotos Club ; the Play- 
ers' Club ; the Transportation Club ; the 
Lafayette Post ; the University Club ; the 
Phi Beta Kappa Club and the Psi Upsilon 
Club. In Washington, D. C, he is a mem- 
ber of the Metropolitan Club ; the Chevy- 
Chase Club ; the Alibi Club ; the Country 
Club and the University Club; is also a 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



director in many financial, fiduciary and 
other corporations. Now in his eighty- 
second year, he is as vigorous and active 
in business affairs, as a political and 
after-dinner speaker, and in the manifold 
duties of social life, as in any period of 
his career. 

He married, in 1871, Elise, daughter of 
William Hegeman, of New York. She 
died in 1892. Of this marriage was born 
a son, Chauncey M. Depew, Jr. Mr. De- 
pew married (second) in 1901, May Pal- 
mer. 



ZIMMERMAN, Jeremiah, D. D., tu D., 
L. H. D. 

Clergyman, Author, Traveler. 

Rev. Jeremiah Zimmerman was born 
April 26, 1848, near Snydersburg, Mary- 
land, a son of Henry and Leah Zimmer- 
man. The father was a well-to-do farmer, 
endowed with more than ordinary mental 
ability. His family included six sons 
and four daughters. One of the sons. Dr. 
Edwin Zimmerman, is a prominent phy- 
sician in New York City ; another, Rev. 
L. M. Zimmerman, D. D., is one of the 
leading clergymen of Baltimore, Mary- 
land. 

After passing from the public schools, 
Jeremiah Zimmerman attended the Man- 
chester Academy, and subsequently spent 
two years in Irving College, a military 
school, in the same town. The following 
two years were spent at the Missionary 
Institute in Selinsgrove, Pennsylvania. 
In 1870 he entered the sophomore class in 
Pennsylvania College at Gettysburg, and 
graduated with honor in June, 1873. In 
the following September he entered the 
Lutheran Theological Seminary at Gettys- 
burg, where he completed the special 
course of three years, and later received 
the degree of A. M. Throughout his life 
Dr. Zimmerman has been a student and 
lover of books, and has the distinction of 



having possessed the best library of any 
student that ever entered that institution. 
His present library includes some thou- 
sands of volumes of scholarly works, a 
great number of them on scientific re- 
search. Several months before complet- 
ing his course in theological studies he 
was invited by three different congrega- 
tions to become their pastor, and after 
due consideration he decided to accept the 
call of the Lutheran church in Valatie, 
Columbia county. New York. After 
graduation, in June, 1876, he proceeded 
to his new field of labor, stopping for a 
week at Philadelphia to visit the Centen- 
nial Exposition, and reached Valatie early 
in July. There he at once entered upon 
his work, and at the annual convention 
of the New York and New Jersey Synod 
(now the New York Synod), held in his 
church in September, he was solemnly 
ordained to the Gospel ministry, and at 
the same time he was formally installed 
as pastor of the church. His labors in 
this field were cut short in January, 1878, 
by the sudden death of his wife, M. Adele 
(Springstein) Zimmerman, whom he had 
married but one year before. He at once 
resigned his pastorate, and spent some 
time in travel, visiting Egypt, Palestine, 
Greece, and various countries of Europe, 
and returned to America in the fall of the 
same year. 

After a visit of some months at his old 
home in Maryland, devoting his time to 
study and preaching, in June, 1879, by 
invitation, he went to Syracuse, New 
York, where he organized the First Eng- 
lish Lutheran Church of that city. For 
twenty-five years he continued as its 
pastor. The first religious services of this 
body were held in the courthouse, where 
meetings were conducted every Sunday 
and on Wednesday evenings, until the 
end of October, 1890, at which time they 
took possession of the former Independ- 
ent Church on South Salina street. Here 



34 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the society continued its worship until 
the steady progress of business in the 
central part of the city demanded the site 
for business purposes, and the property 
was disposed of to advantage. With the 
proceeds a tract on James street was pur- 
chased, and a handsome church edifice 
was erected, free from all encumbrance. 
Mr. Zimmerman was active in whatever 
pertained to the welfare of the people at 
large, and always held that his church be- 
longed to Syracuse. In the early period of 
his ministry in that city he served several 
years as president of the Sunday School 
Association of the county, and for many 
years was president of the Bible Society 
of Onondaga county. As president of the 
Sunday School Association he made fre- 
quent addresses in the various towns. 
He also organized the English Lutheran 
Church in Oswego. For seven years he 
was secretary of the Ministerial Associ- 
ation, and was subsequently its presi- 
dent. During his pastoral career he offi- 
ciated at more funerals than any English 
speaking pastor in the city. On return- 
ing from one of these services he found 
a request to speak that evening in behalf 
of the barbers, who under the leadership 
of the national secretary, were laboring to 
secure the passage of a bill in the Legis- 
lature to close the barber shops of the 
State on Sunday, so that they might have 
a day of rest. Mr. Zimmerman continued 
his labors in support of this worthy cause 
for a period of seven years, until the bill 
was finally passed. The law was applied 
to the entire State, with the exception of 
New York City, Saratoga and Niagara 
Falls. Recently, from the National Sec- 
retary Klapetzky, Dr. Zimmerman re- 
ceived a letter expressing his appreciation 
for past services, and telling of the great 
benefit that came to the barbers as a 
class by this beneficent law. After its 
enactment, Dr. Zimmerman invited the 
Syracuse barbers to his church to listen 



to an address on the barber in history, 
going back to prehistoric times among 
the ancient Egyptians for his earliest 
examples, when shaving was accomplish- 
ed with a flint knife. Dr. Zimmerman 
now has in his possession several flint 
knives or razors from that early period, 
and three bronze razors that are more 
than 3700 years old, which he collected 
during his travels in Egypt. For a num- 
ber of years Dr. Zimmerman was presi- 
dent of the Federation of Churches of the 
State of New York, and also vice-presi- 
dent of the National Federation of 
Churches. Recognizing the fact that 
with all our distinct denominations we 
ought to cooperate in every good work for 
the welfare of humanity, he early urged 
these federations, and has ever been 
active in promoting their progress and 
beneficent work. 

He married (second) January 21, 1890, 
Sophia Elizabeth (Cook) Amos. In 1903 
he was enabled to realize his long and 
ardent desire to visit the Far East. He 
secured a supply for the church during 
his absence, and spent twenty-eiglit 
months in travel and study, making the 
circuit of the globe, accompanied by his 
wife. They sailed from San Francisco 
and spent several weeks on the Hawaiian 
Islands, during which time Dr. Zimmer- 
man made a close study of the people and 
their institutions of learning, which he 
found intensely interesting and profitable. 
He preached and lectured many times in 
the various churches and schools in 
Honolulu. At Hilo, on the Island of 
Hawaii, he had a unique experience as a 
guest of honor at the reception of the 
National Guards of Honolulu, whom he 
had recently addressed, during their brief 
encampment near the vast crater of the 
Volcano Kilauea. A large tent had been 
prepared at Hilo, and under this immense 
cover the invited guests sat down to par- 
take of a genuine Hawaiian feast, which 



35 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



all greatly relished with one possible 
exception, so far as certain dishes were 
concerned. However, he did enjoy the 
feast of soul that followed, and made 
a speech, characterized by its American 
patriotism, which won the natives. One 
of his most interesting experiences in 
Honolulu, where he sought from every 
available source to gain information re- 
specting Captian Cook and his crew, was 
his interview with the oldest American 
resident of the city at that time, Mrs. 
Taylor. She was the first born of Amer- 
ican parents on the Island, a daughter of 
one of the first missionaries, the Rev. Asa 
Thurston, and shewas personallyacquaint- 
ed with some of those present at the tragic 
death of Captain Cook. Dr. Zimmerman 
preached and lectured on many occasions 
in the various cities of Japan, speaking in 
the churches and national schools and 
colleges in Yokohama, Tokio, Shizuoka, 
Kumamoto, Saga, Nagasaki, and other 
places. He visited many of the American 
missions, and learned much of the social 
and religious conditions of the people. In 
Tokio he met Count Okumo, the Prime 
Minister, who invited Dr. and Mrs. Zim- 
merman to his home, where a long inter- 
view was enjoyed. The introduction 
came through the fact that Count Okumo 
had founded a large university, in which 
the Standard Dictionary was the leading 
authority for English, and when he 
learned that Dr. Zimmerman was one of 
its contributors, he sought a personal 
interview. In Korea, Dr. Zimmerman 
found a unique people, most receptive 
of Christianity, who deserved a better 
political fate than the complete obliter- 
ation of their national life by the con- 
queror from Japan. He was profoundly 
impressed by what he saw in China, with 
its four hundred millions. In Shang- 
hai he delivered an inspirational address 
to one hundred missionaries, who were 
about to go to their respective fields of 



labor in the interior of that great empire. 
At this meeting Drs. Hunter and Rich- 
ards spoke in enthusiastic commendation 
of Dr. Zimmerman's far reaching influ- 
ence through his messages from Amer- 
ica. They urged him to speak in the 
largest church of the city on the following 
evening. Wherever opportunity offered, 
he continued preaching and lecturing on 
more than one hundred occasions in his 
tour around the world, and visited the 
leading missions of every Christian de- 
nomination in the Far East. Dr. Zim- 
merman travelled independent of tourist 
parties, and took time for special observa- 
tion and study, visiting many places off 
the beaten track of tourists. He saw the 
Chinese as they are, and was often amazed 
at some of their strange customs. In 
Canton, China, he visited the Lutheran 
church which had been constructed at a 
cost of ten thousand dollars by native 
converts. The mission of which it formed 
a part included nine large buildings, one 
devoted to the teaching of girls, another 
a theological seminary for men, in which 
there were then thirty-five students pre- 
paring for the ministry. After an address 
delivered by Dr. Zimmerman before these 
institutions, he was astonished as well as 
gratified with the Chinese to find that a 
banquet had been prepared and was 
served by the mayor and common council 
of Canton, in the home of the superinten- 
dent of the mission, as an endorsement of 
his work. In some of the cities which 
Dr. Zimmerman and wife visited they 
were regarded by the natives as curiosi- 
ties. While filling his pockets with silver 
Mexican dollars, which were obtained for 
fifty cents each of American money, he 
was reminded of the monetary free silver 
heresy which came so near leading the 
American people to disaster in 1896. At 
Kandy, Ceylon, by special permission, he 
was enabled to view the most sacred tradi- 
tional tooth of Buddha. No other treas- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ure in all the world is inclosed in such a 
pricelessly jewelled casket, and no other 
relic is so hallowed by the several hun- 
dred millions of Buddhists. It is ex- 
hibited once a year, and faithful pilgrims 
come from distant countries. The rarest 
privilege accorded to Dr. Zimmerman in 
his many years of travel in foreign coun- 
tries occurred in April, 1914, when, in 
company with Ambassador Morgenthau 
and a few others, he was permitted to 
visit the tombs of the Patriarchs in Heb- 
ron. Here he gazed upon the cenotaphs 
of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and their 
wives. On two former occasions he had 
visited Hebron, and with intense longings 
contemplated the exterior of that sacred 
mosque, and ever longed to enter and be- 
hold the sacred shrines. Less than fifty 
persons outside the Moslem world have 
ever enjoyed the rare privilege of visit- 
ing this interior. Dr. Zimmerman has 
travelled more than five thousand miles 
in India, studying the social and religious 
condition and the almost incredible prac- 
tices — for in India, if anywhere, religion 
has often gone mad. He has given many 
years to the comparative study of re- 
ligions, and devoted much time to the 
examination of the sacred books of the 
East. He had been possessed by an in- 
tense desire to see other world religions 
in action and judge them by their fruits 
and practical effect upon the mind and life 
of people through many generations. He 
often went beyond the usual course of 
tourists, but no place made a deeper im- 
pression than Puri, where the Juggernaut 
gods have attracted countless millions of 
pilgrims. The impressions gained by his 
observations and the study of the won- 
derful belief and practices have been 
brought out in his work entitled "The God 
Juggernaut and Hinduism in India." This 
work has received many favorable re- 
views from the press. That of the Syra- 
cuse "Post-Standard" is as follows : "Jere- 



miah Zimmerman is a man who possesses 
in extraordinary measure the priceless 
faculty of being interesting. He has a 
devouring appetite for facts and a great 
passion for imparting them. For the 
preparation of the book, 'The God Jugger- 
naut and Hinduism in India,' Dr. Zim- 
merman travelled many thousand miles 
and studied the sources of his subject in 
many places." 

Dr. Zimmerman's interest in scientific 
and archaeological research is undimin- 
ished and is attested by his valuable 
library. He was active in the organiza- 
tion of the Syracuse Branch of the 
Archaeological Institute of America, and 
has served as one of its presidents and 
councillors. For many years he was one 
of the honorary secretaries of the Egypt, 
and also of the Palestine Exploration 
fund, and is a member of the Royal 
Numismatic Society of London. He is 
honorary correspondent of the Victoria 
Institute and Philosophical Society of 
Great Britain, and a member of the 
American Anthropological Association. 
His only diversions have been in travel 
for study. At home, when not engaged 
in some public service for the people, he 
can always be found at work in his library, 
for he has ever had a passion for study 
that mastered him, often going beyond 
his strength. In December, 1913. he 
visited Egypt for the third time, and re- 
mained until the following April. After 
going up the Nile by steamer to Wadi 
Haifa, he proceeded six hundred miles by 
train across the desert to Khartoum. He 
spent four weeks at Luxor, the center of 
Egypt's ancient remains, and every day 
he was occupied with some research work, 
or in an intimate study of the natives, who 
greatly interested him. As a lover of art 
and history, he spent days and weeks in 
the museums of every country. In all his 
journeys he was accompanied by Mrs. 
Zimmerman, who shared in his historical 



37 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tastes, and who declared that she could 
never lose him, for if ever missed, he 
could, with certainty of discovery, be 
sought in some archaeological museum or 
gallery of art. He never seemed to ex- 
perience fatigue in this labor, which was 
to him a true diversion. He was the re- 
cipient of many special favors by the 
keepers of the great museums, receiving 
exceptional opportunities for study of 
particular objects. In the museum at 
Constantinople the keeper furnished him 
daily with a special guide, without ex- 
pense. One of the most spectacular and 
interesting (though not edifying) re- 
ligious ceremonies that he witnessed was 
the so-called descent of the Holy Fire in 
the Church of the Holy Sepulchre at Jeru- 
salem. In all their journeys and voyages 
Dr. and Mrs. Zimmerman have been 
especially favored by the absence of 
accident or illness and the presence of 
favorable weather. When visiting the 
North Cape they saw the midnight sun 
on five consecutive nights, and had per- 
fect weather during the several months 
spent in Norway, a very unusual experi- 
ence in that country. He experienced 
some severe storms on sea, especially a 
violent monsoon that drove the ship from 
Hong Kong to Singapore. 

In addition to his other literary work, pub- 
lished in various journals, he contributed 
special articles to the "Lutheran Quar- 
terly," "Records of the Past," the "Na- 
tional Geographic Magazine," the "Homi- 
letic Monthly," the "Numismatist," the 
"Numismatic Circular" of London, and 
other periodicals. He has the distinction 
of being the first man in this country to 
lecture on the coins of the ancients as 
monuments of ancient history, and for 
many years delivered lectures on this sub- 
ject in Syracuse University as Professor 
of Numismatics. Since 1885 he has care- 
fully studied the famous collections of 
coins in the great museums of the world 



because of their fundamental importance 
in archaeological research in giving vivid 
objective realism to the historic past. By 
the aid of the ancient medallic art that 
contains contemporaneous inscriptions, 
types, copies of public buildings, statues, 
effigies of gods and goddesses, and the 
veritable portraits of the emperors, kings 
and members of the royal families that 
were stamped upon the coins, we are 
enabled to reproduce the distant past. 
Through these we are enabled to vital- 
ize those ancient heroes, and to visu- 
alize the remote events connected with 
their lives. The next thing to seeing 
a man is to look upon his portrait. The 
portrait of every coin is identified, and 
there is no uncertainty in their portrait- 
ure. When the Standard Dictionary, 
whose production cost more than one 
million dollars, was projected. Dr. Zim- 
merman, as a recognized authority on 
historic coins of the Greeks and Romans, 
was selected to make a special contribu- 
tion to the department on ancient coins. 
Dr. Funk, the editor-in-chief, sent this 
significant caution: "Be careful and admit 
no mistake into your work, for if the 
dictionary is wrong where shall the 
people go?" Fortunately his work es- 
caped adverse criticism, and his connec- 
tion with this great dictionary has been 
his ready passport into all the great 
museums of the world, where he en- 
joyed special privileges for critical ex- 
amination and study of rare objects not 
seen by the general public. When the 
words "In God We Trust" were omitted 
from the new American gold pieces, he 
wrote a number of articles on the subject, 
illustrated from the History of Coinage, 
and elaborately illustrated articles were 
furnished for the "Records of the Past" 
and the "Numismatic Circular" on the re- 
ligious character of ancient coins. This 
was followed by a request from a London 
publisher for a work on the subject, and 



38 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



in due time it was issued. An English 
edition of his "Spain and Her People," 
was also published in London. His latest 
book is: "Help When Tempted." 

He received the degfree of Doctor of 
Divinity in 1896 from Pennsylvania Col- 
lege, from Wittenberg College of Spring- 
field, Ohio, and Susquehanna University. 
In 1902 Pennsylvania College conferred 
upon him the degree of LL.D. for scholar- 
ship, and in 1908 he received the degree 
of L. H. D. from Susquehanna University. 
Broad scholarship gained through exten- 
sive study and world-wide travel, a fair- 
minded and sympathetic nature, an in- 
tense love for his fellowmen, without dis- 
tinction of race or creed, are character- 
istics of Dr. Zimmerman. His broad sym- 
pathies have made him feel at home with 
all classes, and he cherishes with special 
affection the personal friendship of that 
celebrated Algerine chieftain, Abd-el-Ka- 
der, who during the terrible massacre of 
August, i860, in Damascus, saved twelve 
thousand Christians from slaughter. An- 
other was that eminent scholar and 
archaeologist of the Ottoman empire, 
Hamdy Bey, keeper of the National Mu- 
seum in Constantinople ; and also that 
remarkable man, ex-President Diaz, the 
waning hope of Mexico. In Egypt in 
the Sudan he met Lord Kitchener, and 
Sir Rudolph Slatin Pasha, the two heroic 
and most intimate friends, but whom this 
most unnatural war has alienated. Dr. 
Zimmerman has many friends in every 
country and a dear one in London, whom 
he baptized at the Jordan, in 1878, but he 
appreciates the fact that there is no coun- 
try like ours, where men get so much 
money for service, and so much for their 
money. It is a delusion that living is so 
cheap in Europe and so expensive in 
America. It is the high-artificial or fast 
Jiving that is so expensive. 

In all his many public lectures Dr. Zim- 
merman has sought to instruct and ele- 
vate, as well as to entertain, and to em- 



phasize the fact that a life of honorable 
service is always worth the living. He 
says it is easy to win a man if we ap- 
proach him with a human heart and not 
with a cudgel. The greatest object of 
interest that he ever saw was not the Taj 
Mahal, nor the vast Himalayas, but Man, 
the unrivalled masterpiece of the Al- 
mighty, and made in God's own image. 
Dr. Zimmerman always deplored the 
spirit of bigotry and intolerance as being 
unreasonable and unchristian, for since 
man is a thinker, we cannot all think 
alike, although we can all love alike. It 
is a crime to attempt the impossible, and 
to coerce a man to believe contrary to his 
will, is a violation of liberty of con- 
science, that inalienable God-given right 
of every man. His righteous indignation 
was aroused by a minister who took him 
to task as having committed a grievous 
offense in delivering an address at the 
dedication of the Jewish Temple of Con- 
cord in Syracuse. The rage and em- 
barrassment of the critic increased as 
Dr. Zimmerman asked him: "To whom 
did Jesus preach? To the Jews. I have 
followed his example and spirit." During 
one of his visits to Palestine he partici- 
pated in the ceremonies of the Samaritan 
Passover and dined with the high priest in 
his tent on Mt. Gerizzim. He has been 
present at special services of the Greek and 
Latin churches, and participated in the 
Easter Day services about the Holy Sepul- 
chre in Jerusalem, and he says: "In spite 
of all the ecclesiastical differences, in Christ 
we may be one in love. We need to em- 
phasize the words of Jesus : 'This I com- 
mand that ye love one another, even as 
I have loved you. By this shall all men 
know that ye are my disciples, if ye have 
love one to another.' " A different stand- 
ard has often been substituted. In view of 
his broad catholicity it is not strange that 
in 1912, when the Secretary of the State, 
owing to sudden illness, was unable to 
deliver the address at the Centennial of 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the Catholic observances on Pompey Hill, 
Onondaga county, the presiding judge 
and priests invited Dr. Zimmerman, who 
happened to be in the audience, to deliver 
the address instead. He at once re- 
sponded, to the entire satisfaction of all 
concerned, and he never felt more at 
home. On the evening of February 22nd, 
1916, he delivered the annual address on 
"Washington and America," before the 
Knights of Columbus, and never was 
there greater freedom of speech, and a 
more enjoyable evening for all. It was a 
unique occasion, for it was the first that 
a Protestant minister had spoken in the 
rooms of the Knights of Columbus. Sure- 
ly such Christian spirit of love is in- 
finitely more pleasing to our Heavenly 
Father than the old-time hatred. That he 
enjoys the esteem and confidence of all 
who know him is well expressed in 
an editorial which appeared in the "Post 
Standard," August 4, 1904, more than a 
year after he had resigned as pastor of 
his church, and when absent on his 
twenty-eight months of travel for study 
around the world, and with which we 
close his sketch : 

Dr. Zimmerman's Retirement — The announce- 
ment that Rev. Dr. Jeremiah Zimmerman is to 
retire from the active ministry of the First Eng- 
lish Lutheran Church in this city is received with 
regret by a great many persons. There is prob- 
ably no better known preacher of the Gospel in 
Syracuse than Dr. Zimmerman. He has spent 
twenty-five active years with the First English 
Lutheran Church and during that period he has 
not only endeared himself to the members of the 
church and congregation, but through hundreds 
of kind acts has won a place in the hearts of the 
unchurched. 

Dr. Zimmerman is of the broad type. Like the 
late Bishop Huntingdon he possesses a feeling 
of love for all, and he loves best to serve the 
afTHcted. Dr. Zimmerman is called upon many 
times every year to minister to the sick and 
preach for the dead in families of no church 
connection. It is this class of people that will 
miss him now that he is to lay down the duties 
of clergyman. 



Dr. Zimmerman has been honored by a num- 
ber of colleges and various societies and when 
he returns from his present foreign travels he 
will be warmly welcomed as a citizen whose 
presence is helpful to the community as well as 
to the church. 



SATTERLEE, Francis Le Roy, 

Physician, Professional Instmctor. 

Professor Francis Le Roy Satterlee was 
born June 15, 1847, i" New York City, a 
descendant of New England forbears, 
who were many of them distinguished 
citizens. From them he has inherited 
many qualities that make for supremacy, 
and by his own efforts he has won a place 
of distinction in the Empire State. The 
family is claimed to have descended from 
Edmund Satterley, a knight of Suffolk, 
England, in 1235, and through his de- 
scendant, Sir Roger Satterley, Lord of the 
Manor of Satterley, in Suffolk, in 1307. 
The line is completely traced from Wil- 
liam Satterley, Vicar of St. Ide, near 
Exeter, England. He received the de- 
gree of Master of Arts from Pembroke 
College, Oxford, and was imprisoned by 
Cromwell until the restoration, for loyalty 
to the king. His son William was an 
Episcopalian clergyman. Another son, 
Benedict Satterley, born at St. Ide, 1656, 
was a captain in the English navy. While 
his vessel was in the harbor of New Lon- 
don, Connecticut, he became enamoured 
of a young lady there and resigned his 
commission and settled in New London. 
There he married, August 2, 1682, Re- 
becca Dymond, daughter of James Bemis, 
of New London. Their son, William Sat- 
terlee, born 1684, in New London, resided 
there, and married, September 6, 171 1, 
Anne Avery, baptized June 19, 1692, 
daughter of John and Abigail (Chese- 
brough) Avery, of Groton, then part of 
New London. They were the parents of 
Benedict Satterlee, born August 11, 1714, 
resided first in New London, later in 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Stonington, Connecticut. He married, 
January i6, 1738, Elizabeth Crary, of New 
London, and they were the parents of 
William Satterlee, a soldier of the French 
and Indian War, later of the Revolution- 
ary War, in which he was a brigade 
major. He was a captain in the First 
Regular Troops established by the pres- 
ent United States government. Another 
son of Benedict and Elizabeth (Crary) 
Satterlee, was Samuel Satterlee, born 
March 2, 1744, in Plainfield, who was a 
captain of minute-men in the Revolution, 
and after the war settled at Burnt Hills, 
Saratoga county, New York, where he 
died April 12, 1831, aged eighty-eight 
years. He married, in 1773, Prudence, 
daughter of Rev. John and Content 
(Brown) Rathbone, of Rye, New York. 
Rev. John Rathbone continued his serv- 
ices in the pulpit to the age of ninety-six 
years. 

George Crary Satterlee, born Novem- 
ber 10, 1799, in Burnt Hills. New York, 
married Mary Le Roy Livingston, a de- 
scendant of the old New York family of 
that name (see below). Children: George 
Bowen, born 1833; Mary, died young; 
Livingston, born 1840; Walter, January 
18, 1844; Dr. Francis Le Roy, mentioned 
below; Adele Marie, 1853, married Wil- 
liam Henry Willis. 

Dr. Francis Le Roy Satterlee, son of 
George Crary and Mary Le Roy (Liv- 
ingston) Satterlee, combines in his per- 
son the mingled qualities of the Scotch 
and the New England blood. As a youth 
he was a student in the schools of New 
York City, and graduated from New 
York University with the degree of Bach- 
elor of Philosophy in 1865. Three years 
later he was graduated from the medical 
college of that university, and received 
the degree of Doctor of Medicine and 
subsequently Doctor of Philosophy. In 
his early student life he was an enthusias- 
tic devotee of chemistry, and his precep- 



tor was the celebrated Professor John 
William Draper, president of the New 
York University Medical College. Young 
Satterlee made a specialty of the study of 
rheumatic diseases, being himself afflicted 
with the malady, and succeeded in curing 
himself. For some years after graduation 
Dr. Satterlee was Professor of Chemistry 
and Hygiene in the American Veterinary 
College, and for sixteen years was a police 
surgeon of the City of New York, from 
which he resigned. He is attending phy- 
sician of St. Elizabeth's Hospital, New 
York, consulting physician of the Mid- 
night Mission, and was formerly attend- 
ing physician of the Northeastern Dis- 
pensary, in the departments of skin and 
rheumatism. He is Professor of Physics, 
Chemistry and Metallurgy in the New 
York College of Dentistry, where he still 
lectures four times a week, and was until 
recently surgeon of the Eighty-fourth 
Regiment, National Guard, State of New 
York. He is the ranking member of the 
board of trustees and directors of the 
New York College of Dentistry, having 
served since 1869, and is treasurer of the 
board. Dr. Satterlee has achieved great 
success in the treatment of disease, espe- 
cially in rheumatic cases, and the treat- 
ment of gallstones by medicine and with- 
out operation, and has thus gathered some 
of the emoluments due to skill and indus- 
try. He is a trustee of the West Side 
Savings Bank of New York City ; is a 
fellow of the New York Academy of Med- 
icine ; a member of the New York County 
and State Medical societies; an honor- 
ary member of the Society of Arts, Lon- 
don, England ; American Medical Asso- 
ciation ; member of the Pathological Soci- 
ety ; American Association for the Ad- 
vancement of Science ; Medical Associa- 
tion of Greater New York ; New York 
Geographical Society, and fellow of the 
New York Historical Society. He is also 
a member of various patriotic organiza- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tions, including Sons of the Revolution, 
Society of Colonial Wars and St. Nicho- 
las Society. He is a member of the Cen- 
tury Club and of the college fraternity 
Zeta Psi, of which he has been president. 
Dr. Satterlee has been a writer for medi- 
cal publications, and is an acknowledged 
authority on uric acid disease, in whose 
treatment he has been wonderfully suc- 
cessful, treating patients from all parts of 
the United States. He is the author of pub- 
lications published by Davis of Detroit, 
Michigan, and others, including: "A 
Modern View of Rheumatism," "Rheumat- 
ic Poison and its Treatment," and "Rheu- 
matism and Gout" (1890). His remark- 
able success has not operated to injure 
his disposition or manner, and he is 
among the most democratic of gentlemen, 
widely known and universally esteemed 
for his qualities as a man. 

He married (first) December 9, 1868, 
Laura Suydam, daughter of Henry Suy- 
dam, of New York; (second) September 
19, 1906, Mary Philipse (Gouveneur) Ise- 
lin, widow of John H. Iselin, and grand- 
niece of the Colonial patriot, Frederick 
Philipse. Children : Madeline Le Roy, 
Dr. Henry Suydam Satterlee, married 
Ethel Whitney; Francis Le Roy, Jr., mar- 
ried Ebba Peterson ; Laura Livingston, 
wife of Tracy Johnston. 

(The Livingston Line). 

The family name of Livingston origi- 
nated in the place of residence of its users. 
It was at first de Levingston, meaning of 
or from the town or tun of Leving. A 
tun at first meant the quick-set hedge or 
stockade around the home of the head of 
the manor, and afterwards came to mean 
the manor house and the settlement 
around it. The name originated in Lin- 
lithgowshire, Scotland, where for long has 
been the village of Livingston, known at 
an earlier period as Levingstun, and as 
written by the monks Villa Leving. The 



Livingston arms : For the families resid- 
ing in America, the technical blazon of 
the coat-of-arms is : Quarterly, first and 
fourth, argent, three cinquefoils gules, 
within a double tressure flowered and 
counter-flowered with fleur-de-lis vert, for 
Livingston ; second and third, sable, a 
bend between six billets or, for Callendar. 
Crest : A full-rigged ship at sea, proper. 
Motto : Spcro meliora. 

Robert Livingston was the first Lord 
of the Manor of Livingston. He was 
born at Ancrum, on the Teviot, Rox- 
burghshire, Scotland, December 13, 1654, 
son of Rev. John Livingston and his wife, 
Janet (Fleming) Livingston. He is gen- 
erally distinguished in history as "Rob- 
ert the Elder," because his nephew, like- 
wise a prominent person in the colony, 
bore the same name and was known as 
"Robert the Nephew." At the time of his 
birth his father was the minister at An- 
crum, and this son accompanied his par- 
ents to Rotterdam, Holland, in the win- 
ter of 1663, when nine years old. During 
his stay there, he learned to speak the 
Dutch tongue fluently, which was excel- 
lent preparation for his coming to live in 
a Dutch colony in America, where he rose 
to be one of the most influential person- 
ages. He was eighteen years old when 
his father died, and being one of the fif- 
teen children of one who had earned his 
living by preaching, was naturally thrown 
upon his own resources. He had no 
thought to follow in his father's footsteps, 
having sufTered severely through the re- 
ligious persecution of the family, hence 
he decided to test his fortune in the new 
world, about which unexplored place 
everyone was talking. However, he went 
back to Scotland with his mother for a 
short stay after his father's death, and 
on April 28, 1673, sailed from Greenoch 
on the ship "Catherine," Captain John 
Phillips, commander, bound for Charles- 
town in New England, which facts he re- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



corded in a diary. He shortly removed 
from New England and selected Albany, 
New York, for his abiding place. It was 
only a few months after his arrival there 
that he began buying land, thus inaugu- 
rating his final achievement of being a 
great landed proprietor. He bought what 
was known as lot "No. i on the hill," in 
March, 1675, most of the people having 
residences along the level bank of the 
Hudson, with gardens extending to the 
river. Not long afterward, he added the 
lot on the south, which was the northwest 
corner of State and Pearl streets, now the 
site of the Tweddle office building. He 
resided there until he bought the land of 
his manor, and thereupon transferred this 
Albany property to his son, Philip, the 
oldest surviving male child at the time. 
The Manor of Livingston originated when 
Robert Livingston petitioned Sir Edmund 
Andros, governor-general of New York 
province, to allow him to purchase some 
of the land on the east bank of the Hud- 
son river, which was owned by the In- 
dians, and the grant was signed Novem- 
ber 12, 1680. Robert Livingston married, 
in the Presbyterian church at Albany, 
July 9, 1679 (old style), Alida (Schuyler) 
Van Rensselaer, widow of Dominie Nich- 
olas Van Rensselaer, and daughter of 
Philip Pieterse Schuyler. She was born 
February 28, 1656, died March 2-j, 1729. 
They had nine children. 

Philip Livingston, son of Robert and 
Alida (Schuyler-Van Rensselaer) Liv- 
ingston, was born July 9, 1686, at Albany, 
New York, and died February 4, 1749, in 
New York City. He was the fourth child 
and second son, and became the second 
Lord of the Manor of Livingston. On the 
death of his father, in 1728, he succeeded 
to ownership, as second Lord of the 
Manor, of the largest portion of the vast 
manorial estate, as well as to all the privi- 
leges. He married, September 19, 1707, 
Catrina Van Brugh, born at Alban}', New 



York, but baptized in the Dutch church, 
New York City, November 10, 1689, died 
February 20, 1756, daughter of Colonel 
Pieter Van Brugh. They had eleven chil- 
dren. 

Robert Livingston, son of Philip and 
Catrina (Van Brugh) Livingston, was 
born December 16, 1708, at Albany, and 
died at his home in Clermont, New York, 
November, 1790. He succeeded his father 
as the third Lord of the Manor of Liv- 
ingston in 1749. The family seat in the 
Legislature was occupied by his uncle, 
Gilbert, until 1737, then he took it and 
held it until 1758. At the other extreme 
of his life, when the Revolution broke out, 
he was too old to take an active part as 
an officer or member of the manor militia, 
but he urged his sons to belong, and four 
of his sons took active positions in the 
struggle for liberty. However, instead of 
remaining inactive, he proved his loyalty 
by placing his iron mines and foundry at 
the disposition of the committee of safety. 
He married (first) May 20, 1731, Maria 
Thong, or Tong, daughter of Walter 
Tong, born June 3, 171 1, died May 30, 
1765. He married (second) Gertrude 
(Van Rensselaer) Schuyler, born October 
I, 1714, died previous to May 28, 1769. 
He had thirteen children, all by the first 
marriage. 

John Livingston, son of Robert and 
Maria (Thong or Tong) Livingston, was 
born February 11, 1749, in New York 
City, and died at his home, "Oak Hill," 
Columbia county, New York, October 24, 
1822. He built the Livingston mansion 
known as "Oak Hill," the only one, ex- 
cept "Clermont," now owned by a Liv- 
ingston, where he lived the life of a coun- 
try gentleman. He bequeathed this resi- 
dence to his youngest surviving son, Her- 
man, and many of the ancestral portraits, 
family furniture and silver combined to 
make it a charming abode for his descend- 
ants. He was commissioned aide-de- 



43 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



camp to Governor George Clinton, in 
April, 1778, and accompanied him in the 
pursuit of Sir John Johnson and his raid- 
ers, in May, 1780. He married (first) 
May II, 1775, Mary Ann Le Roy, daugh- 
ter of Jacob and Cornelia (Rutgers) Le 
Roy; (second) November 3, 1796, Cath- 
erine Livingston Ridley, daughter of Hon. 
William Smith, "War Governor of New 
Jersey." He had ten children, all by first 
marriage. 

Daniel Livingston, son of John and 
Mary Ann (Le Roy) Livingston, was 
born June 3, 1786, resided in New York 
City, and married Eliza Oothout. Chil- 
dren: Mary Le Roy and Eliza. 

Mary Le Roy Livingston, daughter of 
Daniel and Eliza (Oothout) Livingston, 
became the wife of George Crary Satter- 
lee (see Satterlee). 



LIFE, Willard C-, and Clifford E., 
Men of Enterprise. 

The association in the popular mind of 
the names of particular families with the 
localities in which they have lived and 
grown to prominence and influence is very 
natural, and under the old aristocratic in- 
stitutions of the past it was a matter of 
common occurrence for towns, cities and 
even larger regions to regard some family 
as having a sort of half proprietory inter- 
est in their affairs and a certain hereditary 
right to preside over them. It is out of the 
question, of course, in republican America 
that such a feeling could be carried to 
this extent, yet even here we often see the 
phenomenon of certain names being re- 
garded with a peculiar respect for a num- 
ber of generations on account of the serv- 
ices rendered by them to the community. 
There is one profound difference, how- 
ever, between the occurrence of this as it 
prevailed, let us say, in Europe under the 
feudal system and in America to-day, for 
in the first place it was then often only 



necessary for one member of a family to 
display an especial talent or ability in 
order that honor should be done his de- 
scendants for an indefinite period, while 
here it is only while they live up to the 
standard set by him that a man's de- 
scendants can hope to share his honor. It 
is thus a far more notable achievement 
for a family to remain influential and re- 
spected here, to-day, than it ever was 
elsewhere in other ages, and we feel that 
an added praise is due to those names 
that have persevered in their high places. 
Such has been the case with the Lipe fam- 
ily of Syracuse which has now been repre- 
sented for two generations by members 
who have distinguished themselves in the 
industrial life of that flourishing city of 
Syracuse, New York. It is with men of 
both generations of the Lipe family that 
this brief sketch is concerned. Willard 
C. Lipe and Clifford E. Lipe, uncle and 
nephew, the elder of whom is now the 
active head of many important industrial 
enterprises in Syracuse, and the younger 
deceased, his brilliant career cut off short 
almost at the threshold. His death at 
Saranac Lake in the Adirondacks, whither 
he had gone for his health, on February 
7, 1916, was felt as a severe loss by the 
whole community and mourned by a large 
circle of devoted friends and admirers. 

Willard C. Lipe was born in Mont- 
gomery county. New York, December 21, 
1861, a son of John E. and Susan M. 
(Coughtry) Lipe, old and highly re- 
spected residents of that region. The 
family had long been engaged in agri- 
culture in Montgomery county, and both 
John E. Lipe and his father, Jacob I. Lipe, 
were successful farmers there. The latter 
died in 1880 at the advanced age of 
eighty-four, and the son, John E., died in 
1910, having attained the same age as 
that of his father, eighty-four years. Wil- 
lard C. Lipe was one of a family of three 
children. He passed his childhood in his 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



native region, attending the local district 
school for his education and benefiting 
by the healthful life and training to be 
gained on the farm. In the year 1880, 
before he had completed his nineteenth 
year, he left the parental home and re- 
moved to the city of Syracuse, which has 
ever since remained his home and the 
scene of his busy life. In his youth he 
attended Clinton Liberal Institute where 
he studied mechanical, scientific and com- 
mercial lines and proved himself a most 
apt student and a hard and industrious 
worker. His elder brother, Charles E. 
Lipe, had already made an entrance into 
the industry of manufacturing of machin- 
ery and tools and founded the Lipe Shops, 
and it was into this establishment that 
Willard C. Lipe went and it was there 
that he gained the practical knowledge 
that he has of his business in all its de- 
tails. It was not long before his talent 
made itself apparent and he was trans- 
ferred to the drafting room where the de- 
signs of the machinery were made which 
were afterwards constructed in the shop. 
Here his ability displayed itself to even 
greater advantage and he was steadily 
advanced to posts of greater and greater 
trust and responsibility. His talents did 
not stop short at the mechanical side of 
the business, but as he advanced to a 
place of control he showed himself to be 
a man of general executive and business 
capability and soon was recognized as an 
important figure in the industrial world. 
Nor were his business connections limited 
to any one concern, but extended them- 
selves until they embraced many great 
enterprises and he to-day holds the office 
of president of the Lipe-Walrath Com- 
pany, the Globe Malleable Iron and Steel 
Company and the Railway Roller Bear- 
ing Company. Besides this he is vice- 
president of the Brown-Lipe Gear Com- 
pany, the Brown-Lipe-Chapin Company 
and one of the largest owners of the 



Engelberg HuUer and the Endicott Forg- 
ing companies. The Brown-Lipe Gear 
Company has a large plant near the 
Straight Line Engine Company's works 
on South Geddes street, employing five 
hundred and fifty workmen in its exten- 
sive operations. The Lipe Shops design 
and build special machines, tools and dies 
and general machine work, the plant 
being one of the most perfectly equipped 
for this purpose in the State. Mr. Lipe 
is himself an expert in his line, possessing- 
the most complete knowledge of the prin- 
ciples underlying mechanical construction 
and a very large experience of the actual 
workings of engines and mechanisms gen- 
erally. To this he adds unusual inventive 
ability and is therefore the best possible 
person to carry on the business founded 
by his brother. 

A man so deeply engaged in the con- 
duct of enterprises of such moment, it 
would seem could scarcely find time and 
opportunity to give to other kinds of 
activity, yet such is certainly not true in 
the case of Mr. Lipe who is very promi- 
nent in the general life of the city. He is 
extremely interested in the general wel- 
fare of the community and is associated 
with many organizations having that wel- 
fare as their objective. He is a member 
of the Chamber of Commerce and of the 
Citizens' and Technology clubs and in his 
connection with them amply displays his 
broad-minded public spirit. Socially and 
fraternally, too, he is active, a member of 
Syracuse City Lodge, No. 215, Knights 
of Pythias, and his interest extends to 
sports and athletics so that he belongs to 
the Onondaga Golf and Country Club, 
also the Bellevue Country Club, the well- 
known Mystique Krewe, and the Boys' 
Club. In politics he generally votes the 
Republican ticket, but maintains that in- 
dependence of mind that marks him in 
every department of thought and activity, 
reserving to himself the privilege of se- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



lecting the best cause and candidate as he 
sees them at the time. He is affiliated 
with the Presbyterian church and attends 
the Fourth Church of that denomination 
in Syracuse. His residence is the hand- 
some one at No. 112 Summit avenue. 

Mr. Lipe was married on August 27, 
1884, to Jennie Sponable, a daughter of 
David and Margaret (Vrooman) Spon- 
able, of Fort Plain, New York, and of 
their union two children have been born, 
Marjorie and Willard Charles. 

Mr. Lipe is a great believer in organi- 
zaton and cooperation and has learned to 
economize to the last degree all the fac- 
tors of an operation to the production of 
the greatest possible result. It is his 
policy to utilize every possible opportun- 
ity to promote his aims, and as these are 
so closely identified with the best inter- 
ests of the community it is obvious in 
what lies his great value as a citizen. He 
stands to-day as a splendid example of 
the man of enterprise so typical of our 
epoch and if it is true, as it unquestion- 
ably is, that America can boast of a repu- 
tation as the leader of the world in the 
conduct of all successful industrial and 
commercial affairs, then it is due to the 
presence in its midst of men of action 
such as Mr. Lipe. 

Clifford E. Lipe, nephew of Willard C. 
Lipe, whose tragic and untimely death 
was the cause of so general a regret, was 
born December 23, 1887, in Syracuse, the 
lifelong scene of his short but active 
career. He was a son of Charles E. and 
Mary (Sponable) Lipe, both deceased, his 
father having been the founder of the 
Lipe Shops and a part founder of several 
other great concerns. The son began his 
education in the excellent public schools 
of his native city and graduated from the 
Central High School. It had been decided 
in accordance with the wishes of both him- 
self and his father that he should take an 
engineering course and with this end in 



view he matriculated at Cornell Univer- 
sity. Here he distinguished himself as a 
student of unusual aptness and diligence 
and won the regard and affection at once 
of his masters and the undergraduate 
body. He graduated with the class of 
191 1 and received a degree in mechanical 
engineering. He then went abroad with 
Mr. Charles S. Brown and with him spent 
a year in travelling over the British Isles 
and the Continent of Europe. Returning 
to America he at once began active busi- 
ness life in connection with the engineer- 
ing and machine works in which his 
father was so deeply interested, and 
quickly displayed an ability in business 
far above the average and which seemed 
to promise a most brilliant career for the 
future. Unfortunately the future never 
arrived for him. He was a large stock- 
holder in the Brown-Lipe-Chapin Com- 
pany, the Globe Malleable Iron and Steel, 
the Railway Roller Bearing, the Engel- 
berg Huller and the Endicott Forging 
companies. He was also vice-president 
and a large stockholder of the Brown- 
Lipe Gear Company. He was also very 
active in social and club circles in the 
city and was a member of many organ- 
izations. While in college he became a 
member of the Seal and Serpent Frater- 
nity and he later belonged to the Ameri- 
can Society of Mechanical Engineers, the 
Technology Club of Syracuse, the Cornell 
Club of New York and the Syracuse Cor- 
nell Club. He was also a member of the 
University, City, Century and Citizens' 
clubs of Syracuse. Deeply interested in 
athletics and out-door sports he was one 
of the incorporators and a director of the 
Bellevue Country Club and was a mem- 
ber of the Onondaga Golf Club, the Ya- 
hundasis Golf Club of Utica and the 
Automobile Club of Syracuse. 

Unaccustomed to anything in the 
nature of ill health — he had always been 
robust from childhood — Mr. Lipe did not 



46 




G- 



-Jlcf^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



realize the significance of certain symp- 
toms of disorder which attacked him 
about a year before his death, and con- 
tinued his hard work until they had 
gained too great a hold upon his system 
to be checked. When at length he con- 
sented, upon the solicitations of his friends, 
to consult a physician, he was already 
advanced upon a decline which neither 
medical skill or a change in climate could 
halt. He went to Saranac Lake in the 
Adirondacks and was there under the 
best medical treatment for some months, 
but eventually succumbed to his trouble. 
The death of few young men would have 
been felt as generally as his as the words 
of many prominent men of Syracuse 
amply testify, and this brief appreciation 
cannot be more fittingly closed than by 
a quotation of some of them. 

Of Mr. Lipe Mr. Alexander T. Brown 
said: 

When Charles E. Lipe died in his prime this 
city suffered a great loss. Now, in the death of 
his son, Clifford E., at the early age of twenty- 
eight, another life of great promise ends. Clif- 
ford E. Lipe inherited his father's keen mechan- 
ical and business sense, and this was linked with 
a thorough theoretical and practical education. 
His ability and influence were widely recognized. 
He possessed a host of friends and, in his own 
quiet way, contributed liberally to many chari- 



Mr. H. W. Chapin said: 

From his earliest boyhood, through his school 
and college days, I have watched Clifford E. 
Lipe develop into a lovable and splendid young 
business man. It is a pity that his life could 
not have been spared for he was already well 
along the way to a manhood of great usefulness. 
His ability in business, mechanical and financial 
matters was unusual. The men in the factories 
admired and respected him as their friend. He 
was absolutely square, a man who would decide 
for right every time regardless of his personal 
interests. I feel his loss exceedingly. 

The tribute of Arthur E. Parsons was 
as follows ; 



From early boyhood Clifford E. Lipe demon- 
strated that he possessed the Lipe mechanical 
genius. Repeatedly as a young boy I saw him 
working along the right lines on mechanical 
devices. Upon his graduation from college he 
brought to his business, not only a natural 
mechanical ability, but a fine technical knowledge 
and a keen, shrewd business sense. He quickly 
developed into a careful, competent manufac- 
turer, well liked and relied upon by his associ- 
ates. In his death Syracuse loses a young man 
who was already one of her captains of industry 
and a loved and respected citizen. 



WHITRIDGE. Frederick Wallingford, 

Lawyer, Railroad President. 

Frederick W. Whitridge springs from 
New England ancestors, and partakes of 
the qualities of thrift and enterprise 
which have distinguished the people of 
that section for three centuries. The 
founder of the family in this country was 
William Whitridge, born 1599, died De- 
cember 9, 1688, came to America in the 
ship "Elizabeth" in 1625, with his wife, 
Elizabeth, born 1605, and son, Thomas, 
from Beninden, County Kent, England. 
He was living in Ipswich, Massachusetts, 
in 1637, and his wife died before 1663, in 
which year he married (second) Susanna, 
widow of Anthony Colby. She died De- 
cember 9, 1668. Thomas Whitridge, son 
of William and Elizabeth Whitridge, 
born 1625, was living in Ipswich, Massa- 
chusetts, in 1648, and had a wife, Flor- 
ence, who died in 1672. Their son, Wil- 
liam Whitridge, born 1659, resided in 
Rochester, Massachusetts, and was the 
father of Thomas Whitridge, born there 
November 12, 1710, died March 7, 1795. 
His intention of marriage to Hannah 
Haskell was entered September i, 1733. 
Their third son. Dr. William Whitridge, 
was born February 13, 1748, in Roches- 
ter; settled at Tiverton, Rhode Island, in 
1780, dying there April 5, 1831. In 1791 
he received the honorary degree of Mas- 
ter of Arts from Yale College, and in 



k 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1823 received the honorary degree of 
Doctor of Medicine from Harvard Uni- 
versity. He married Mary Cushing, born 
July 21, 1759, in Scituate, Massachusetts, 
died in Tiverton, March 17. 1846. They 
had a large family of children born in 
Tiverton. Of these, the second son, Wil- 
liam Cushing Whitridge, was born No- 
vember 25, 1784, in Tiverton, and became 
a physician, practicing many years with 
great success in New Bedford, Massa- 
chusetts. He married his cousin, Olive 
Cushing, born February 20, 1783, in Bos- 
ton, eldest daughter and fifth child of 
John and Olive (Wallingford) Cushing, 
of South Berwick, Maine, died September 
9, 1876. John Cushing Whitridge, son of 
William C. and Olive (Cushing) Whit- 
ridge, was born in Tiverton, Rhode 
Island, and lived in New Bedford, Mas- 
sachusetts, where he died in 1908. He 
married Lucia Shaw Bailey, daughter of 
John G. Bailey, of Newport, Rhode Island, 
and they were the parents of Frederick 
Wallingford Whitridge. 

Frederick Wallingford Whitridge was 
born August 5, 1852, in New Bedford, 
Massachusetts, where he grew up, and 
received his primary education in the 
public schools. Entering Amherst Col- 
lege, Amherst, Massachusetts, he was 
graduated A. B. in 1874, following which 
he entered Columbia Law School in New 
York City, from which he received the 
degree of LL. B. in 1877. In that year 
he was admitted to the New York bar, 
but did not engage in active practice. For 
some years he was lecturer in the school 
of political science attached to Columbia 
University, and is one of the founders of 
the Civil Service Reform Association. 
Mr. Whitridge has given his talents and 
energies to the development and progress 
of many business enterprises, and is now 
a director of the Niagara Development 
Company and the Cataract Construction 
Company. He is and has been for several 



years receiver and president of the Third 
Avenue Railroad Company of New York 
City. In religion he is an Episcopalian, 
and in politics independent of party dic- 
tation. On the occasion of the marriage 
of King Alfonso of Spain to Princess Vic- 
toria Eugenie of England, Mr. Whit- 
ridge was appointed by the President as 
special ambassador to attend the cere- 
monies as representative of the United 
States. He has been an occasional con- 
tributor to magazines on various subjects, 
and has demonstrated a large amount of 
business ability and versatility in other 
directions. He is a member of several 
clubs, including the University, Knicker- 
bocker, Metropolitan, City, Downtown, 
Players, Century and Westchester Coun- 
ty clubs. 

He married, in 1884, Lucy Arnold, 
daughter of Matthew and Lucy (Wight- 
man) Arnold, and they have children : 
Arnold, Eleanor, Joan. For a quarter of 
a century the family has resided in the 
same house on East Eleventh street. New 
York City, and the summers are spent in 
the Scottish Highlands, where Mr. Whit- 
ridge is the owner of a beautiful estate. 



IRVING, Walter, 

Retired. 

Weaker Irving, of Binghamton, New 
York, is a scion of a family which has be- 
come noted in history, in literature and in 
the professions. The name in olden times 
is found in a variety of forms. Erevine, 
which was contracted into Irvine, comes 
from the ancient Celto-Sythick Erinvane, 
or Erinfeine, signifying a true or stout 
Westland man, for the word Erin, both 
in the old Gaelic-Welsh and the old 
Gaelic language, signifies "the west," 
which is the Ireland of to-day, being west 
of Albia, and veine, or feine, signifying 
"himself," meaning as that of a strong, 
resolute man. Arms of the Irving family 



48 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of Drum Castle: Argent, three bunches 
of holly leaves proper. Crest: Three in 
each, two and one. Crest: A sheaf of 
arrows. Motto: Sub sole, sub umbra, 
virens. The device on the arms, consist- 
ing of three holly leaves, was conferred 
about the year 1333, A. D., by King 
Robert Bruce upon William de Irvine, 
and which he (Bruce) had borne as Earl 
of Carrick. The story in this connection 
is that when Bruce was closely pursued 
by the enemy, and accompanied by only 
three of four followers, he was so over- 
come by fatigue that he required a few 
hours of rest, and lay down to sleep be- 
neath a holly bush, whilst Irvine kept 
watch, and thus chose to memorialize the 
event and in testifying to the fidelity of 
his follower, bestowed the motto: Sub 
sole, sub umbra, virens, referring both to 
the holly and to his companions fidelity 
— "growing or flourishing in sunshine and 
in shade" — and the lands of Drum in 
Aberdeenshire. 

William Irving, son of Magnus and 
Catherine (Williamson) Irving, was the 
founder of this American branch of the 
Irving family. For a time he followed a 
seafaring life, but later became a mer- 
chant. He married at Falmouth, Eng- 
land, in 1761, Sarah Sanders, daughter of 
John and Anna Sanders, and granddaugh- 
ter of an English curate by the name of 
Kent. He came to America with his wife 
and they became the parents of eleven 
children, among whom was Washington 
Irving. 

Judge John Treat Irving, another son 
of William and Sarah (Sanders) Irving, 
was born in New York City, March 26, 
1778, and died there, March 15, 1838. He 
was graduated at Columbia College in 
1798; admitted to the bar; was a member 
of the State Assembly, 1816-17, 1819-20, 
and a judge of the Court of Common 
Pleas, serving as first judge. 1821-38. In 
his earlier years he contributed political 

N Y-Vol IV— 4 49 



articles to "The Chronicle," edited by his 
brother, Washington Irving. He was a 
trustee of Columbia College, 1818-28, and 
a vestryman of Trinity Church, New 
York. He married, April 28, 1806, Abby 
Spicer, daughter of Gabriel and Sarah 
(Wall) Furman. 

John Treat Irving, son of Judge John 
Treat and Abby Spicer (Furman) Irving, 
was born in New York City, in the family 
mansion in Wall street, at that time a 
select residential district, December 2, 
1812, and died in the same city, February 
27, 1906. He possessed many of the gifts 
of his famous uncle, Washington Irving, 
his works being characterized by the 
same easy style and literary grace that 
marked the masterpieces of his eminent 
uncle. His maternal grandfather, Gabriel 
Furman, was one of the first aldermen of 
New York City, and was a leading citizen 
of more than average standing and re- 
pute. During the War of the Revolution, 
he fought in the battle of Long Island, 
and while attempting to join Washing- 
ton's army in New Jersey, he was seized 
by the British as a spy and held for three 
years, being confined in a jail on what 
was afterward the site of the Hall of 
Records. The younger John Treat Irv- 
ing, like his father, was educated at 
Columbia College, from which he was 
graduated with the class of 1829, living 
to be the oldest alumnus of that institu- 
tion. In June, 1832, he accompanied the 
first expedition sent by the government 
to Fort Leavenworth, to treat with the 
Indians, and was acting secretary, and 
his experiences on that memorable mis- 
sion were afterward embodied in his first 
published work, which appeared in 1835 
under the title "Indian Sketches," the 
volume attracting wide attention by rea- 
son of its graphic descriptions, both at 
home and abroad, being given the dis- 
tinction of republication in England. On 
his return from the frontier, he took up 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the study of law under Daniel Lord, and 
was subsequently admitted to practice as 
a member of the New York bar. In 1835 
he went to Europe and for the next two 
years traveled extensively, returning in 
1837. In the meantime, in 1836, he wrote 
"Hawk Chief," an Indian tale of excep- 
tional merit that was published and 
achieved popularity both in this country 
and in England. Among his other writ- 
ings were : "The Attorney," "Harry Har- 
son," and "The Van Gelder Papers," all 
of which displayed talent of a high order 
and ranked as works that reflected honor 
upon American literature, .\fter his mar- 
riage, however, Mr. Irving applied him- 
self energetically to the practice of his 
profession. He was associated with Gar- 
diner Spring at this stage of his career, 
and he continued to practice law until 
1857, in which year he retired. In 1858 
he became a real estate broker, with 
offices on lower Broadway, and he re- 
mained identified with realty interests 
until 1887, when he withdrew from active 
pursuits altogether, spending the remain- 
der of his days in well earned rest. As 
a business man, in his real estate venture, 
he exhibited ability and gained success 
equal to those which marked his' earlier 
professional efforts in law and literature. 
He was a Republican in his political prin- 
ciples but was never active as a poli- 
tician. He was a member of the Authors' 
and Century clubs, and the Columbia 
University Alumni Association, and 
served as president of the New York 
Chess Club when that former metropoli- 
tan organization was enjoying its palm- 
iest days prior to 1863. An Episcopalian 
in his religious faith, he was at one time 
a member of Grace Protestant Episcopal 
Church and later held membership in the 
Protestant Episcopal Church of the In- 
carnation. He was president of the Insti- 
tute for the Blind, Thirty-fourth street 
and Ninth avenue, New York City, and 



a trustee of Roosevelt Hospital. Through- 
out his entire life, and up to the very last, 
he manifested a warm interest in charit- 
able work and his deeds of good in that 
direction were without number. He was 
always ready and even anxious to extend 
an earnest and willing hand in the 
reformation of drunkards and, with true 
Christian spirit, rather than wait to be 
sought and importuned, ministered to the 
sick and aided the unfortunate. Many 
funerals among the destitute were paid for 
by him, and his benefactions caused him 
to be widely loved. A man of culture 
and refinement, he was artistic in tem- 
perament and was especially fond of 
painting, that form of art claiming con- 
siderable of his leisure time in his 
younger years. He was married to Helen 
Schermerhorn. To this union were born 
eight children, namely, five sons and 
three daughters, as follows: John, who 
married Josephine E. Peacock, and at- 
tained success in metropolitan brokerage 
circles ; Cortlandt, who became a noted 
jurist, married Theresa R. Beck; Helen 
C. ; Henry, who married Josephine K. 
Miller ; Frances R. ; Edward, who mar- 
ried Julia Atkins, and died in 1880; Wal- 
ter, whose name heads this sketch ; Mari- 
on H., who died in 1877. The death of 
Mr. Irving at an advanced age, severed 
another of the links which connects the 
New York of to-day with the old New 
York of the past, rich in its memories of 
honorable business achievements, profes- 
sional eminence and intellectual attain- 
ments. 

Walter Irving, son of John Treat and 
Helen (Schermerhorn) Irving, was born 
at Glen Cove, Long Island, February 11, 
1857. His education was obtained at the 
University Grammar School and the Col- 
umbia Grammar School of New York 
City. In his very early manhood he en- 
tered upon his business career in a cleri- 
cal capacity in Wall street, New York 



50 





//, 



OX^O-^i^^-t-^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



City, and for a period of five years was 
associated actively with that busy center 
of the city. Impaired health obliged him 
to abandon business activities and for 
some years he traveled in this country. 
Later he devoted himself to the conduct 
of his private business affairs, and spent 
a great deal of his time in his fine library, 
where he has a choice collection of some 
two thousand volumes, many of them 
rare specimens. He has been a member 
of the New York Historical Society, the 
New York Geographical Society, the New 
York Museum of Natural History and 
the Academy of Science. In the course 
of time he has resigned from all of these 
with the exception of the New York 
Geographical Society. 

Mr. Irving married, at Elmira, New 
York, November 12, 1890, Bessie Louise 
Van Sickler, a daughter of George Wil- 
son and Fayette (Woodburn) Van Sick- 
ler. They have been blessed with two 
sons : Walter Van Courtlandt, born July 
13, 1901 ; and Harold, born December 5, 
1904. They are members of the Epis- 
copal church. Mrs. Irving is descended 
from several noted and well-known fami- 
lies ; the Ridgeways, of Philadelphia ; 
the Burrs, the Stocktons and the Wood- 
burns. Her maternal grandmother was 
Jane Burr Ridgeway, who married Hiram 
Woodburn ; she was the daughter of 
David Ridgeway, of Philadelphia, whose 
first American ancestor was Richard 
Ridgeway, who came from England in 
1677: he married Abigail Stockton, a 
daughter of Richard Stockton, who was 
the ancestor of Richard Stockton, one of 
the signers of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, and of Admiral Stockton. The 
line of descent from the American pro- 
genitor, Richard Ridgeway, is as fol- 
lows: Joseph, David, another David, Jane 
Burr, who married Hiram Woodburn, 
and whose daughter, Fayette, married 



George Wilson Van Sickler, and became 
the mother of Mrs. Irving, as above 
stated. 



YAWMAN, Philip H., 

Manufacturer, Inventor. 

The great force in business to-day is 
not capital, nor organization, nor methods, 
necessary as they are, but it is man. Em- 
erson says, "Every successful institution 
is the lengthened shadow of one man," 
which means that success is largely due 
to the individual. The great plants of the 
Yawman & Erbe Manufacturing Com- 
pany, covering as they do an area of 
twenty acres, is the "lengthened shadow" 
of the little business started in 1880 by 
Philip H. Yawman and Gustav Erbe in 
a little shop measuring twenty feet in 
width, thirty feet in length, located in the 
heart of the business district of Roches- 
ter, New York. From such a small be- 
ginning has been reared a great organ- 
ization with many branches in the United 
States and Canada and exclusive selling 
agencies throughout the world. The 
company owns three large plants, two in 
Rochester, one in Newmarket, Canada, 
in which are manufactured more filing 
cabinets and supplies for office systems 
than are made by any other firm in the 
world. Fifteen hundred people are em- 
ployed in the United States and Canadian 
plants exclusive of the agency salesmen, 
and fourteen branch stores in the United 
States and fourteen in Canada stretch 
across the country from the Atlantic to 
the Pacific. 

As was said in the beginning, the great 
force in businness to-day is man. The 
making of filing cabinets that will meet 
the needs of great modern business 
houses is only an idea. Philip Yawman 
and Gustav Erbe did not invent the letter 
file, neither are they the fathers of ofiice 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



systems. The idea of filing letters and 
documents for future reference is as old 
as writing itself, and some sort of system 
prevailed in the first business office. 
What these men have done is to take the 
idea, develop it, make it practical, make 
it comprehensive, make it fit the needs, 
and meet the demands of modern busi- 
ness. The object of this article is to give 
an intimate view of the man, Philip H. 
Yawman, who all through the years, 
thirty-five, that cover the life of the Yaw- 
man & Erbe Manufacturing Company, 
has been its presiding mechanical genius. 
Go into the big Rochester plant to-day 
and you will probably find him in one of 
the mechanical departments, a man over 
seventy, slightly stooped, with loose grey 
coat, black cap, and discerning eye, talk- 
ing with this foreman or that workman. 
In the experimental and tool making 
department he has his inventive ideas 
worked out and later they are passed 
to the manufacturing department for 
adoption. Many of the best patented 
features of the "Y" and "E" cabinets and 
equipment are due to his genius, working 
along original lines. Though over three 
score years and ten, he is still an active 
factor in the business. His private office 
adjoins Mr. Erbe's, they daily confer, 
and their guiding hands can be seen at 
every turn. The whole business is at 
their finger tips, and they are familiar 
with every part of both manufacturing 
and selling organizations. No step of 
importance is taken without their knowl- 
edge, although they are too busy to 
handle details. True executives in every 
sense, they are never too occupied to give 
attention to the humblest employee, and 
every man in the great organization feels 
that he has a friend in Philip H. Yaw- 
man, president, and in Gustav Erbe, 
treasurer and general manager of the 
Yawman & Erbe Manufacturing Com- 
pany. Both of these men, themselves 



risen from the ranks, look upon each man 
as an individual, deserving individual 
consideration, and see in every office boy 
a possible manager, in every workman a 
possible foreman. Among the fifteen 
hundred people in the employ of the com- 
pany there are many who have been there 
since its earliest days, there are more who 
have served loyally for twenty years, and 
many more who have been with the com- 
pany for twelve years. So in addition to 
being the largest manufacturers of their 
lines in the world, the company stands as 
a shining example of the close coopera- 
tion that should exist between employers 
and employees. The firm's first office 
boy of over thirty years ago is now super- 
intendent of the Canadian business, and 
this instance is typical, not an exceptional 
case. 

Philip H. Yawman was born Septem- 
ber I, 1839, in Rochester, the city of his 
early struggles and later successes. He 
is a son of Nicholas and Anna (Gorman) 
Yawman, his father born in Schmidt- 
weiler, Lorraine, in 1816. In 1832 Nicho- 
las Yawman came to the United States 
with his father and four brothers, learned 
the coopers' trade, and engaged in busi- 
ness in Rochester, later in Scottsville, 
New York. His wife, Anna (Gorman) 
Yawman, died when her son, Philip H., 
was but an infant. Philip H. Yawman 
attended public schools and in boyhood 
worked with his father in the cooper shop 
at Scottsville. Later he learned the ma- 
chinist's trade, working in many shops, 
becoming a master mechanic and an ex- 
pert workman. While in the employ of 
a large optical instrument manufacturing 
company of Rochester, where it was his 
duty to invent, design and improve new 
machinery and methods, he formed the 
acquaintance of Gustav Erbe, foreman for 
the same company. The two men were 
much together, each finding the other a 
master, and, working in close harmony, 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



each supplementing the other's efforts, 
they accomplished important results for 
their firm. Mr. Erbe stated his needs and 
Mr. Yawman's inventive genius found a 
solution, as a result many machines were 
perfected to do work formerly performed 
by hand. In 1880 the two men decided 
that what they could do for others they 
could do for themselves, and with little 
capital, but with unlimited courage and 
faith in themselves, they formed a part- 
nership and launched a frail bark upon a 
rough business sea. They began under 
the name of Yawman & Erbe in a small 
room, twenty by thirty feet, investing 
practically their entire capital in ma- 
chinery. They began manufacturing math- 
ematical, optical and surveying instru- 
ments, and from the first resolved that 
whatever instrument they made should 
be of the best quality. It was not easy 
going, for their resources were small and 
they had entered a field occupied by 
large, well established firms. The part- 
ners, working hard and conscientiously, 
had many discouragements during the 
early years, but their reputation for good 
work and fair dealing was spreading and 
business gradually increased. They made 
goods for other concerns and soon larger 
quarters were necessary. At the end of 
the third year the business had grown 
to such proportions that the young firm 
felt that their fight was won. James Cut- 
ler, later mayor of Rochester, gave them 
a contract for manufacturing a mail chute 
to be used in office buildings and for 
twenty-five years Yawman & Erbe made 
the widely known Cutler Mail Chute. 
The Eastman Kodak Company did not 
always have its present large plant, and 
in the spring of 1883 Yawman & Erbe 
made for that company the first model 
film holders, and in 1884 the first Model 
No. I Kodak. Until 1895 they continued 
doing all the metal work and assembled 



all the work ready for inspection for the 
film roll holders and Nos. i, 2, 3, 4, 
Kodaks that were made for the Eastman 
Kodak Company. There is a picture ex- 
tant taken by George Eastman with his 
first Kodak, showing Messrs. Yawman 
and Erbe, standing on the steps leading 
to their little shop. In the spring of 1883 
Yawman & Erbe also entered into an 
agreement with the owners of the patents 
to manufacture the only Shannon Files 
for letters, bills, etc., that were made in 
the United States at that time. This 
Shannon Arch File, consisting of an arch, 
a board, a compressor cover, an index and 
a perforator, had been invented in 1877 
and was the forerunner of the modern 
business filing systems. This Shannon 
design, with many improvements, is still 
made by Yawman & Erbe, who were 
among the first to manufacture filing 
equipment. During this early period and 
shortly after the first Shannon File was 
placed on the market, the company began 
the manufacture of the now famed Yaw- 
man and Erbe Rapid Roller Copier, a 
machine having all the advantages of 
letter press and carbon methods. 

In 1884, feeling that their prospects 
justified the move, the young firm pur- 
chased ground, erected a four-story brick 
factory, and to their product added metal 
interiors for vaults, banks and public 
buildings. This brought further increase 
of business, and in 1890 another four- 
storied building was erected on the same 
lot. Prior to 1898 the company manu- 
factured for other concerns, but in that 
year they incorporated as the Yawman 
& Erbe Manufacturing Company, took 
over the entire business of the Office 
Specialty Company, and instituted their 
own selling organization. They then dis- 
posed of their metal working business to 
the Art Metal Construction Company, of 
Jamestown, New York. Their business, 



53 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



still increasing, a new factory was erected 
in Rochester and one in Canada, which 
has developed into the extensive New- 
market plant, one of the largest com- 
pletely motorized factories in the Do- 
minion. In 1900 a building larger than 
any of the others was erected in the rear 
of the original plant, where now all the 
Yawman & Erbe steel and paper products 
are manufactured. From 1905 until 1908 
the company operated both day and 
night, and in 1906 an adjoining building 
was purchased. In 1907, to provide room 
for present and future needs, fourteen 
acres in the suburb of Gates was pur- 
chased and a modern factory was erected, 
and in February, 1914, the largest struc- 
ture of all was built, to be followed by 
others that will cover the entire tract. 
The entire selling organization is modern 
and in line with most advanced ideas. 
The company sells service and maintains 
a system department of trained experts 
whose services are given free of charge to 
customers. Every salesman is trained in 
the company's own school and must 
qualify as a system expert before he is 
assigned territory. The factory force of 
five has grown to fifteen hundred, the 
floor space of six hundred square feet to 
twenty acres, the limited capital to un- 
limited resources, and the young partners 
of 1880 to the veterans of 1915 in control, 
Mr. Yawman, president; Mr. Erbe, treas- 
urer and general manager. They are as 
enthusiastic as they were thirty years 
ago, when it took a year to do as much 
business as they now transact in a week. 
Mr. Yawman can review with satisfac- 
tion the outcome of his mechanical and 
inventive genius, and the fact that his 
name is known all over the world wher- 
ever office systems are in use, which 
means wherever civilization extends. But 
more than his mechanical fame he values 
the fact that Yawman and reliability are 
synonymous and that he is honored as a 



man of sound judgment, originality, per- 
severance and determination. Kindly .and 
friendly to all, he has many warm friends, 
but it is in the home circle that his best 
traits of character are made manifest. He 
is a director of the Genesee Valley Trust 
Company, but he has seldom gone far 
beyond his own particular field in busi- 
ness enterprise. 

He is a good citizen and an honor to 
the city that gave him birth and afforded 
him business opportunities, and in return 
he has carried her name to the uttermost 
parts of the earth and has aided to a great 
degree in spreading the name and fame 
of Rochester as an industrial and com- 
mercial center. The weight of seventy 
years has slightly bent his frame but the 
spirit of progress is strong within him, 
and while the heavier burdens have been 
surrendered he keeps in close touch with 
every movement made, and his approval 
is always secured in any measure of im- 
portance afifecting the company interests. 
A strong and capable executive, a kind 
and generous employer, a citizen of worth, 
a man among men, he has ever been the 
great force that, more than capital, more 
than organization, more than method, has 
created a great enterprise. 

Mr. Yawman married, in 1863, Mary C 
Webber, who for over fifty years was the 
queen of his heart and the mistress of his 
home. She died November 11, 1914. Nine 
children were born to Philip H. and Mary 
C. Yawman : Cecelia M. ; Marie Antoi- 
nette, married Frederick J. Hafner, of 
Rochester; Julia A., married Harry 
Heistein, of Rochester; Cora Y., mar- 
ried Frank W. Hahn. of Rochester; 
Aloysia, a resident of Rochester; Eu- 
genia, a sister of St. Joseph's Convent; 
Josepha, a sister of Little Sister of the 
Poor ; Francis J., secretary of the Yaw- 
man & Erbe Manufacturing Company; 
Victor, residing with his father. 



54 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



BREWSTER, Henry Colvin, 

Financier, Humanitarian. 

It is the record of such men as Henry 
Colvin Brewster that stands as contradic- 
tory evidence of the statement, too 
often heard, that America is given over 
to the spirit of commercialism ; that busi- 
ness and naught else claims the attention 
and efforts of our leading men. Roches- 
ter knows Henry C. Brewster as a finan- 
cier of ability, but has known him more- 
over as a public-spirited citizen, as a man 
of benevolences, of kindly purposes and 
high ideals. The great interests of the 
country at large — politics, the church and 
the charities — have made claims upon his 
attention, claims that he has fully met, 
and while the business activity and pros- 
perity of the city have been greatly aug- 
mented through his labors, her public 
welfare has profited by his efforts and his 
history is one which reflects honor and 
credit upon Monroe county and the state- 
at-large. 

Rochester may well be proud to num- 
ber him among her native sons. The an- 
cestral history is one of close connection 
with America through manj- generations. 
His parents were Simon L. and Editha 
(Colvin) Brewster. The father, who was 
born in the town of Griswold, New Lon- 
don county, Connecticut, in 1811, ac- 
quired his education in the common 
schools and afterward became connected 
with the business interests of his native 
town. For ten years he was there en- 
gaged in manufacturing and in his thir- 
tieth year he removed to Rochester, New 
York, where for eighteen years he was 
a prominent representative of mercantile 
interests. On the expiration of that 
period he retired from business life in 
1859, but four years afterward again took 
his place in the business world, being 
elected president of the Traders' Bank in 



1863. Two years subsequently this was 
reorganized under the National Bank Act 
under the name of the Traders' National 
Bank and Simon L. Brewster continued 
as its president until his death, which 
occurred in August, 1898. He was, there- 
fore, for more than a third of a century 
at the head of this important financial in- 
stitution and under his guidance it took 
rank among the leading monied concerns 
of the Empire State. Its business covered 
every department of banking and its finan- 
cial strength, based upon the well-known 
reliability and business methods of its 
president and other stockholders and 
officers, secured to it a constantly in- 
creasing patronage. In 1844 Mr. Brew- 
ster was united in marriage to Editha 
Colvin, a daughter of Hiram D. Colvin, 
of Rochester. She died in 1899. 

September 7, 1845, was the natal day 
of Henry C. Brewster, who was reared 
amid the refining influences of a home of 
culture. Between the ages of six and 
eighteen years his time and attention 
were largely given to the acquirement of 
an education, and he then became a 
factor in financial circles, entering the 
Traders' Bank, later the Traders' Na- 
tional Bank, in the fall of 1863. No pa- 
rental influence smoothed his pathway or 
released him from the arduous work 
which constitutes the basis of advance- 
ment and success. It was personal merit 
that gained him promotion as he mas- 
tered the various tasks assigned to him in 
the different positions which he filled in 
the bank. He realized that there is no 
excellence without labor and in the years 
which followed he so thoroughly ac- 
quainted himself with the banking busi- 
ness that in July, 1868, he was chosen by 
the vote of the directors to the office of 
cashier, in which he continued to serve 
for more than twenty-six years. He was 
then elected to the vice-presidency in the 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



fall of 1894 and five years later succeeded 
his father as president of the Traders' 
National Bank, since remaining at the 
head of the institution. 

For forty-four years Henry C. Brewster 
has been a factor in financial circles in 
Rochester, his usefulness and activity con- 
stantly increasing as time has passed. 
He was for many years the first vice- 
president of the Rochester Trust & Safe 
Deposit Company, and for a considerable 
period was president of the Genesee Val- 
ley Trust Company, which was organized 
by him. In 1893 he became the founder 
of the Alliance Bank of Rochester and for 
nearly seven years served as its first vice- 
president. As a financier he is known 
and honored throughout New York. In 
1899 he was elected to the presidency of 
the New York State Bankers' Associa- 
tion, which he had assisted in organizing 
five years before, acting as its vice-presi- 
dent during the first year of its existence. 
He was also vice-president of the Ameri- 
can Bankers from the State of New York 
for five years. His course has ever been 
such as would bear the closest investiga- 
tion and scrutiny. There is in him a 
native sagacity and a weight of character 
that well qualify him for leadership and 
command for him admiration and confi- 
dence. No trust reposed in him has ever 
been betrayed in the slightest degree and 
in fact his entire career has been an ex- 
emplification of the old and time-tried 
maxim that honesty is the best policy. 

His broat humanitarianism has led to 
his support of various charitable and be- 
nevolent interests and, while report says 
that he gives generously in cases of need, 
he has always done so in a most unosten- 
tatious manner. In fact, he is opposed to 
display of any character and is never 
given to weighing any act in the scale of 
public policy. Principle has guided his 
conduct and shaped his course and his 
views of life are based upon a recog- 



nition of individual responsibility and the 
brotherhood of man. He has served as 
one of the trustees of St. Peter's Presby- 
terian Church, and is connected with the 
Rochester Homoeopathic Hospital as a 
member of the board of governors. He 
acted as its first treasurer and has done 
much in the interests of that institution. 
Socially he is connected with the Genesee 
Valley and the Country clubs of Roches- 
ter, while his membership relations also 
extend to the Union League Club of New 
York City. In those societies which 
foster patriotism, historical research and 
an appreciation of the honor which is 
ever due to a worthy ancestry, he is also 
known. He is a member of the Society 
of Mayflower Descendants, being eligible 
by reason of the fact that his ancestry is 
directly traceable to Elder William Brew- 
ster, who crossed the Atlantic in the his- 
toric vessel which brought the first set- 
tlers to New England. He is likewise a 
member of the Society of Colonial Wars, 
the Sons of the American Revolution, and 
the New England Society of New York. 
In his citizenship he has ever stood for 
advancement and improvement and is not 
unknown in political circles. On the con- 
trary he believes it the duty as well as 
the privilege of every American citizen 
to exercise the right of franchise and sup- 
port those principles which seem most 
beneficial in bringing about good govern- 
ment. His stalwart republicanism and 
his well-known devotion to high ideals in 
political life led to his selection in the fall 
of 1894 for representative in Congress 
from the Thirty-first district of New 
York. He served in the Fifty-fourth and 
Fifty-fifth congresses and during his first 
term was a member of the committee on 
coinage, weights and measures. The fol- 
lowing term he was made chairman of 
the committee on the alcoholic liquor 
traffic and a member of the committee 
on invalid pensions. In 1900 he repre- 



56 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



sented New York in the Republican Na- 
tional Convention which placed William 
McKinley at the head of the ticket, and 
was an alternate-at-large in 1904. He has 
been a member of the New York Cham- 
ber of Commerce for fifteen years. 

Most happily situated in his home life, 
Henry C. Brewster was married in Octo- 
ber, 1876, to Alice Chapin, a daughter of 
Louis and Rachel (Shepard) Chapin, of 
Rochester, and they have two daughters, 
Rachel A. and Editha C. Their home is 
the center of a cultured society circle and 
their friends are many. Mr. Brewster 
has never allowed the accumulation of 
wealth to affect in any way his manner 
toward those less fortunate and entrance 
to the circle of his friends is gained by 
character worth and not by material pos- 
sessions. His associates know him as a 
most genial, kindly gentleman and, while 
he has made the acquaintance of many 
men distinguished in state and national 
affairs, he holds as his most priceless 
treasure the friendship and respect of his 
fellow-townsmen, among whom his entire 
life has been passed and who are thor- 
oughly familiar with his history from his 
boyhood down to the present time. 



VAN DUYN. John, M. D., / 

CiTll War Veteran, Physician. 

One of the foremost members of the 
medical fraternity of Syracuse, Dr. John 
Van Duyn, in whom the public has long 
reposed trust and confidence of his skill, 
was born in Kingston, New York, July 
24, 1843, a- son of Abraham and Sarah 
Van Duyn. 

His early education, which was of a 
literary and classical nature, finally led to 
his graduation from Princeton in the class 
of June, 1862, and thus broadly equipped, 
he undertook the study of his profession, 
having paved the way to success by first 
learning the power of expressing himself. 



His degree of M. D. was received from 
the Kentucky School of Medicine. At 
that time he enlisted his services in de- 
fence of his country, was a member of 
the medical cadet corps, and upon receiv- 
ing his medical degree he became assis- 
tant surgeon in the United States Volun- 
teers, and continued as such until the fall 
of 1865. After the war, Dr. Van Duyn 
turned his attention to building up a 
practice, locating at first in the State of 
New Jersey, where he remained until the 
year 1868, when he removed to Syracuse, 
New York, this move being due to his 
relations with Dr. Wilbur, the founder of 
the State Idiot Asylum, who offered him 
the position of physician to that institu- 
tion, in which capacity he served for a 
short period of time. He then engaged in 
private practice in Syracuse, which in due 
course of time became both extensive and 
important. He has also taught in the 
Medical School of Syracuse University 
since its establishment, and his ability as 
an educator has found no fewer encomi- 
ums than his ability in the art of heal- 
ing. Many are the scholars who will pass 
along the secrets of his vast knowledge, 
for as a teacher Dr. Van Duyn has given 
as freely of his gifts as he has received 
them. He was one of the originators and 
founders of the Syracuse Free Dispensary 
and of the Hospital of the Good Shep- 
herd, serving the latter institution in the 
cacapity of surgeon. He is also surgeon 
for the Delaware, Lackawanna & West- 
ern Railroad. He is a member of the 
Syracuse Academy of Medicine, of the 
American Ophthalmological Society, of 
the American Otological Society and of 
the New York State Medical Association. 
He is president of the University Club of 
Syracuse, president of the Princeton Club 
of Central New York, a member of the 
Hospital Association, of the Onondaga 
Country Club, of the Ka-Noo-No Karni- 
val Company, of the Automobile Club, 



57 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of the Loyal Legion, and of the Grand 
Army of the Republic. In Masonry he 
has taken all the degrees of the York Rite 
and has attained the thirty-second degree 
in the Scottish Rite. He has, moreover, 
given of his time as commissioner of 
education and as health officer, in both 
of which offices he rendered valuable 
service. In February, 1915, the Syracuse 
Academy of Medicine and the Onondaga 
County Medical Society gave an enter- 
tainment in honor of the completion of 
his fiftieth year in the practice of medi- 
cine. 

Dr. Van Duyn married, December i, 
1866, in Elizabeth, New Jersey, Sarah 
Faulks, who bore him two sons and one 
daughter, namely: Edward Seguin, Wil- 
bur, and Gertrude, who became the wife 
of E. F. Southworth, of Syracuse. Ed- 
ward Seguin Van Duyn was born in Au- 
gust, 1872; graduated from the Syracuse 
High School, class of 1889; Princeton 
University, class of 1894; Syracuse Medi- 
cal College, class of 1897; Rhode Island 
Hospital, 1899, 3^"d studied in New York 
and abroad during the years 1900 and 
1901. He is professor of clinical surgery 
at the Syracuse University Medical 
School, surgeon of the Hospital of the 
Good Shepherd and of the Syracuse Free 
Dispensary, consulting surgeon of the 
Ogdensburg State Institution, president 
of the board of managers of the Syracuse 
State Institution for the Feeble Minded, 
and a fellow of the American College of 
Surgeons. Professor Edward S. Van 
Duyn had conferred on him the degrees 
of B. S., M. D. and F. A. C. S. Mrs. 
Van Duyn died December 21, 1915. For 
many years she was prominent in social 
circles of Syracuse. She was a member 
of the Fortnightly Club, of which she was 
one of the founders, and the Social Arts 
Club. She was widely known in church 
circles and took an active interest in 
causes of religious and charitable natures. 



The Rev. Dr. A. H. Fahnestock, pastor of 
the First Ward Presbyterian Church, a 
cousin of Mrs. Van Duyn, officiated at 
the funeral services and interment was 
in Oakwood Cemetery. 

The demands made upon Dr. Van Duyn 
by his profession have left him little time 
to lead what might be generally termed a 
social life. But this man, to whom so 
many have come in time of need to profit 
by what he has learned through wide 
study, research, investigation and experi- 
ment, can claim undoubtedly more of a 
place in the hearts of the people than one 
who has striven merely to be socially 
popular. 



ROGERS, Clinton, 

Merchant, Financier, Philanthropist. 

Rochester is a city noted for its great 
industries and stable commercial houses, 
but her true source of greatness has ever 
been the quality of her citizens. Her 
Roll of Fame includes men who, from 
small beginnings, have built colossal 
manufacturing houses, and others who, 
as retailers, have attained the same de- 
gree of prominence. The latter group 
includes Clinton Rogers, who with J. H. 
Howe established the firm of Howe & 
Rogers in 1857, and who now at the age 
of eighty-two years still gives the busi- 
ness his daily attention. From a very 
modest start with three employees in 
1857 in a building thirty by one hundred 
feet devoted to the sale of carpets, ex- 
pansion has been constant until now the 
handsome five-storied fireproof building 
at the corner of South avenue and John- 
son Park, completed in 1915, is required 
to properly house the very large business 
in carpets, rugs, draperies, and a very 
extensive and varied line of furniture, 
which will be a new and important part 
of the business, and one hundred em- 
ployees are necessary to transact busi- 



58 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ness with their numerous customers. 
This in itself is a wonderful life work, 
and had Mr. Rogers no other claim to 
place in the history of Rochester it would 
be sufficient. This, however, is but one 
of his entitling rights to the high place 
he holds in the esteem of his fellow-men. 
For nearly fifty years he was a director 
of the Traders' National Bank, and as one 
of the founders and members of the Cham- 
ber of Commerce has been an active 
worker in promoting measures and enter- 
prises resulting in the development of 
his city and in advancing the public good. 
Outside of the realm of business he has 
also borne well his part, and to St. Luke's 
Protestant Episcopal Church, the Roches- 
ter Historical Society, to charitable and 
philanthropic causes he has been a tower 
of strength. Extensive home and foreign 
travel has broadened his vision and now, 
far beyond man's allotted "three score 
and ten years", he is in the enjoyment of 
the mental and physical vigor that has 
characterized his useful life. He traces 
his ancestry to early Colonial New Eng- 
land days and to forbears who, as "minute- 
men" responded to the call to arms and 
at Lexington and Bunker Hill proved 
their valor. 

Clinton Rogers was born at Wales, 
Hampden county, Massachusetts, De- 
cember 3, 1832, son of Joel and Mary 
(Shaw) Rogers. He obtained his educa- 
tion in public schools, and began busi- 
ness life as a clerk in his brother's store 
at Wales. He remained with his brother 
for two years, then was clerk in a Wor- 
cester, Massachusetts, store for two years, 
locating in Rochester, New York, in 1855. 
He entered the employ of Wilder, Case 
& Company as a clerk, and two years 
later, in March, 1857, in partnership with 
J. H. Howe entered the mercantile field 
as a member of the firm of Howe & 
Rogers, dealers in carpets. From that 
distant date over a period of fifty-eight 



years he has been engaged in the same 
busines under the same name, changing, 
however, from a partnership to a corpo- 
ration in 1898. The young partners 
started with little capital, their chief 
asset being character; but so favorably 
were they known that the Lowell Carpet 
Company, departing from their estab- 
lished policy, sold them their initial stock 
on credit. The business grew by leaps 
and bounds, the young men, capable, en- 
ergetic and upright both, building on the 
foundations of best quality, perfect serv- 
ice, and the principle of fairest dealing. 
As they grew older and gained greater 
experience these principles were not devi- 
ated from but rather intensified in their 
application. Perfect confidence was estab- 
lished between merchant and buyer, and 
every efifort was put forth to strengthen 
the bond. This has always characterized 
the business and now, after half a cen- 
tury, the motto "a square deal to all" is 
still the store slogan. On September 3, 
1903, Mr. Howe passed away, thus break- 
ing business ties that had bound him to 
Mr. Rogers harmoniously and profitably 
for nearly half a century. The place left 
vacant by Mr. Howe's death was filled by 
his son and business continued as before. 
Located in the handsomest business 
building in the city and with a volume 
of trade largest of its kind in Western 
New York, Mr. Rogers may review his 
business career with satisfaction. He has 
honorably won wealth and reputation, 
and no man in all Rochester's list of emi- 
nent business men is held in higher 
esteem. 

With advancing years Mr. Rogers has 
surrendered the heavier burdens of busi- 
ness, but is daily at his desk, his wise 
judgment and abundant experience fitting 
in well with the enthusiasm of his efifici- 
ent associates. He has likewise sur- 
rendered interests of importance outside, 
after, in some instances, a connection of 



59 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



fifty years. For that period he was a 
director of the Traders' National Bank 
of Rochester, and still is a director of the 
Genesee Valley Trust Company. He has 
been a member of the Rochester Chamber 
of Commerce since its organization, was 
its president in 1905, and during his term 
of office secured the passage of a "smoke" 
ordinance through the Council that has 
greatly abated the smoke nuisance in the 
city. He also secured the passage of an 
ordinance for the establishment of the 
Municipal Hospital with a liberal appro- 
priation from the city. He has long been 
identified with the Rochester Historical 
Society, and for two years, 1906, 1907, 
was its president. 

Mr. Rogers has made a number of 
foreign tours, his fine collection of steel 
engravings being largely acquired while 
abroad. While travel has been a favorite 
way of spending his days "oflF duty", he 
has kept in touch with the social life of 
his city through church, club and frater- 
nity membership. His clubs are the 
Whist, Country and Genesee Valley, and 
his fraternal affiliation is with the Ma- 
sonic Order, the "best tenets" of which 
institution he exemplifies in his life. In 
political faith he is a Republican, and in 
1912 was presidential elector on the Taft 
ticket. Mr. Rogers' high ideals of busi- 
ness probity have been in keeping with 
his high ideals of private life, and both 
are founded on a deep religious senti- 
ment. He is not a dogmatic Christian, 
but believes in religion as the mainspring 
of life, a living, practical rule of life, 
bringing peace, contentment and joy to 
the possessor. For many years he has 
been a vestryman and warden of St. 
Luke's Protestant Episcopal Church, ever 
active in the support of any worthy 
object, religious, charitable or educational 
in character. 

Clinton Rogers married, August 23, 
1876, Fannie C, daughter of Henry E. 



Rochester, and granddaughter of Colonel 
Nathaniel Rochester, founder of the city 
that bears his name. The children of 
Clinton and Fannie C. Rogers are: Fan- 
nie Beatrice, wife of S. S. B. Roby, of 
Rochester; Alice Montgomery', wife of 
Joseph Roby, M. D., of Rochester; 
Rochester Hart, a lawyer of Rochester; 
Helen, residing at home. 



MERRITT, Edwin Atkins, 

Legislator, Federal OfiBcial, Soldier. 

The immigrant ancestor of the Merritt 
family was Henry Merritt, a native of 
England, who emigrated to this country 
probably as early as 1626, and was among 
the pioneer settlers of Scituate, Massa- 
chusetts. Tradition says that he was 
born in County Kent, England, 1590. He 
died at Scituate, November 30, 1653. The 
line descends through his son, John Mer- 
ritt, who was born about 1635, died in 
Scituate, about 1674. His son, John (2) 
Merritt, was born in Scituate, 1660, died 
there, June 5, 1749. His son, Jonathan 
Merritt, was born in Scituate, May, 1702, 
died in Hebron, Connecticut, October 27, 
1758, having removed thither about 1730. 
His son, Noah Merritt, was born in 1732, 
died in Templeton, Massachusetts, March 
24, 1814. His son, Noah (2) Merritt, was 
born in Templeton, October, 1758, died in 
Sudbury, Vermont, August 21, 1843. He 
was a soldier in the Revolution from 
Templeton, having enlisted, February 21, 
1778, for three years, and he was also an 
active participant in hostilities in the year 
1780. His son, Noadiah Merritt, was 
born in Templeton, December 3, 1782, 
died in Pierrepont, New York, January i, 
1854. He married Relief, daughter of 
Jeremiah and Relief (Rogers) Parker, the 
latter named having been a descendant, 
according to family tradition, of John 
Rogers, the Martyr, burned at the stake 
at Smithfield, 1554. They were the par- 



60 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ents of General Edwin Atkins Merritt, 
whose name heads this sketch. 

General Edwin Atkins Merritt was 
born in Sudbury, Vermont, February 26, 
1828. He accompanied his family upon 
their removal to St. Lawrence county, 
New York, in 1841, and has resided in 
that section of the State ever since, mak- 
ing his home in Potsdam. After complet- 
ing his studies in the public schools adja- 
cent to his home, he served in the capac- 
ity of school teacher in St. Lawrence 
county. New York, but this occupation 
not proving to his liking he qualified him- 
self for the profession of civil engineer 
and surveyor, which lines of work he fol- 
lowed for many years, mainly in the Ad- 
irondacks. He published the first map 
for the use of tourists in the wilderness, 
and was the engineer in charge of the 
construction of the eastern section of the 
Rome, Watertown & Ogdensburg Rail- 
road. In 1854 he was elected supervisor 
of the town of Pierrepont and reelected 
the two following years. From 1857 to 
i860 he was clerk of the Board of Super- 
visors of St. Lawrence county, and in 
1859 he was elected a member of the State 
Assembly from the second district of this 
county, receiving a plurality of one thou- 
sand, three hundred and two votes, and 
in i860 he was reelected by two thousand, 
two hundred and fifty-nine plurality. In 
1867 he was elected to the constitutional 
convention of the State of New York and 
was chairman of the committee on organ- 
ization of the Legislature. For several 
years he was a leading member of the 
Republican State Central Committee. In 
March, 1869, he was appointed naval 
officer of the Port of New York by Presi- 
dent Grant, and held that office for one 
year and four months. In 1875 he was 
the unsuccessful candidate for state treas- 
urer, but two years later President Hayes 
appointed him surveyor of the Port of 
New York to succeed General Sharp, and 
his administration was so successful that 



the President promoted mm to the col- 
lectorship of the port in July, 1878, and 
up to that time he was the only man who 
enjoyed the honor of having held the 
three ofifices of surveyor, naval officer and 
collector of the Port of New York. In 
1881, shortly after the inauguration of 
President Garfield, he was appointed 
United States consul-general at London, 
England, in which capacity he served until 
1885, displaying the utmost zeal and 
efficiency. In 1871 he had been oflfered 
the post of United States minister to 
Brazil, but he declined the honor. 

General Merritt also has had a notable 
military career. At the beginning of the 
Civil War, 1861, he was appointed quar- 
termaster of the Sixtieth New York Regi- 
ment of Volunteers. He served with the 
Army of the Potomac, and after the battle 
of Gettysburg went west, participating in 
the battles about Chattanooga and in 
Sherman's Georgia campaign as far as 
Big Shanty, near Marietta, Georgia, when 
he received from President Lincoln a 
commission as commissary of subsistence 
with the rank of captain, and was ordered 
to Washington and stationed on the 
Potomac river to supply reinforcements 
proceeding to join Sheridan's army. At 
the close of the campaign he was ordered 
to Annapolis. Maryland, to pay commu- 
tation of rations to the soldiers returning- 
from rebel prisons. While on this service 
he was appointed quartermaster-general 
on the staflf of Governor Fenton and en- 
tered upon the duties of his office, January 
1, 1865, and continued until January, 1869. 
Subsequently he was superintendent of 
the Soldiers' Home and established free 
agencies for collection of bounties, back 
pay and pensions due soldiers from New 
York State. He has always taken an ac- 
tive interest in educational affairs, and 
was one of the prime movers in securing 
the location of the State Normal School 
at Potsdam, of whose board of trustees 
he has been president for many years, has. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



also served in a similar office in St. Law- 
rence University at Canton, and is a 
member of the board of trustees of Clark- 
son Institute of Technology of Potsdam. 
He is a member of the Military Order of 
the Loyal Legion. 

General Merritt married, May 5, 1858, 
Eliza, daughter of Jacob Rich. Children : 
I. Edwin Albert, born July 25, i860, in 
Pierrepont, New York, died December 4, 
1914; was a graduate of Yale College, 
class of 1884; was deputy consul-general 
at London, England, 1885; admitted to 
the practice of law and was a member of 
the Bar Association of St. Lawrence 
County, and of the State Bar Associ- 
ation ; for several years was vice-presi- 
dent of the League of Republican Clubs 
of the State of New York; supervisor of 
the town of Potsdam for seven years ; 
elected assemblyman in 1901, reelected in 
1902, 1903, 1904, 1905, 1906, 1907, and dur- 
ing these terms was a member and often 
chairman of various important com- 
mittees; and speaker of the Assembly, 
1913 and 1914; and was elected to the 
House of Representatives in 1913 to suc- 
ceed George Mulby, and was a member 
at the time of his death ; married, Janu- 
ary 24, 1888, Edith Sophia Wilcox. 2. 
Arthur Rich, born August 31, 1863, died 
1867. 3. Parker Wilson, born December 
7, 1865, died 1867. 4. Darwin Fenton, 
born July 21, 1867, died 1875. 

General Merritt is still living (1916) 
in hale old age with faculties unimpaired. 
Of his fidelity to the important trusts 
committed to him, of his sterling char- 
acter, the friendships he has inspired, and 
the esteem in which he is held by his 
community too much cannot be said. 



STEWART, William Adams Walker, 

IjiaxryeT, Philanthropist. 

William A. W. Stewart, an attorney of 
New York, is of Scotch antecedents, as 



his name indicates. His grandfather, John 
A. Stewart, was a native of Scotland, who 
came to New York City, and here was 
born his son, William Adams Walker 
Stewart, who died in 1888. The latter 
graduated at Princeton College, Prince- 
ton, New Jersey, in 1871, and at Columbia 
Law School, New York City, with the 
degree of LL. B., and engaged in practice 
of law in New York City. He married 
Frances Gray, a native of Boston, Massa- 
chusetts. 

William A. W. Stewart, Jr., son of 
William A. W. and Frances (Gray) Stew- 
art, was born September 10, 1876, in New 
York City, and was prepared for college 
at the Berkeley School of New York, and 
at Princeton Preparatory School, where 
he spent one year. Following this he 
pursued the classical course at Princeton 
College, and was graduated with the de- 
gree of A. B. in 1897. In the fall of the 
same year he entered Columbia Law 
School in New York, and was graduated 
in 1900 with the degree of LL. B. In the 
same year he was admitted to practice at 
the New York bar, and entered the law 
office of Edward W.Sheldon, in New York, 
where he continued in a subordinate ca- 
pacity for six years. At the end of this 
period he became a partner in the law 
firm of Sheldon «S: Stewart, which sub- 
sequently became Stewart & Shearer, 
which firm is pursuing an active practice 
in New York City, with offices on Wall 
street. Mr. Stewart has taken an active 
interest in philanthropic work of the city, 
and is a trustee of the New York Infirm- 
ary for Women and Children. He is a 
member of the Presbyterian church, and 
in politics acts independently of party 
guidance. He is a member of the Associ- 
ation of the Bar of the City of New York, 
and New York State Bar Association. 
Among his clubs may be mentioned the 
Union, Racquet and Tennis, University, 
Metropolitan, Piping Rock and Jekyl 



62 




eTTfT^^^^^-^^tX 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Island clubs. He married, May i, 1900, 
Frances Emily de Forest, born in New 
York City, daughter of Robert W. and 
Emily (Johnston) de Forest. Children: 
Frances Dorothy, Ethel, William Adams 
Walker, Edward Sheldon, Beatrice and 
Nancy. 



MEACHEM, Thomas WUliam, 
Manufacturer, Financier. 

Thomas William Meachem, son of the 
Rev. Thomas Goldesbrough and Caroline 
(Yates) Meachem, was born at East 
Bloomfield, Ontario county, New York, 
June 7, 1849. His education, which was 
good and practical as far as it went, was 
obtained in Cortland, New York, where 
he was a student at the Cortland Acad- 
emy until he was fifteen years of age, at 
which time he left his home to make his 
way in the world. His first position was 
as a clerk in the Lake Shore Bank, at 
Skaneateles, New York. He held this 
first position for a period of two years, 
then was three years bookkeeper at the 
Syracuse Savings Bank. Ten years were 
then spent as teller of the Auburn Sav- 
ings Bank, a position he resigned in 1879 
in order to again take up his residence in 
Syracuse, with which city he has since 
been identified. He organized the Bene- 
dict Table Manufacturing Company, an 
enterprise which was a success from the 
outset, and of which he later disposed. 
He founded the New Process Raw Hide 
Company in 1888, the name of which has 
since been changed to The New Process 
Gear Corporation, and he has been the 
president of this since its inception. This 
corporation has a captial of three million 
dollars and employs upward of one thou- 
sand men. The business ability of Mr. 
Meachem has been recognized by his 
fellow citizens, who elected him presi- 
dent of the Chamber of Commerce, in 
which he served in 1908 and 1909. His 



official connection with other enterprises 
of importance is as follows : Vice-presi- 
dent of the Merchants' National Bank, 
Onondaga Provident Loan Association, 
the Palmer-Moore Company and the On- 
ondaga Hotel Corporation ; director in 
the Inter-State Hotel Company, Omaha; 
trustee of the Onondaga County Savings 
Bank and the American Scenic and His- 
toric Preservation Society ; member of 
the Syracuse Grade Crossing Commis- 
sion; and commissioner of the State 
Reservation at Niagara. The political 
support of Mr. Meachem has always been 
given to the Democratic party, and he 
has served as delegate to the State Con- 
vention which nominated Grover Cleve- 
land as a candidate for governor of the 
State ; delegate to the National Conven- 
tion which nominated Woodrow Wilson 
for President ; he was an earnest advocate 
in favor of both of these nominations. 

Mr. Meachem married, in 1875, Jessie 
Sabine, a daughter of William Sabine, of 
Onondaga Valley, New York, and they 
have two sons : Thomas Goldesbrough, 
born April 3, 1878, and Joseph Forman 
Sabine, born December 17, 1880, both of 
whom are prominent figures in the busi- 
ness life of Syracuse. 



DAY, James Roscoe, 

Clergyman, Educator, Author, I<ectnrer. 

The science of pedagogy has become 
more and more fully recognized as one of 
the most vital importance in the commu- 
nity, and foremost in its ranks, as well as 
occupying a high position as a divine, au- 
thor and lecturer, is James Roscoe Day, 
S. T. D., D. C. L., LL. D., Chancellor of 
Syracuse University. He has also shown 
himself possessed of business ability of 
an exceedingly high order, and of him it 
may truly be said that he is in that class 
of men who, in the midst of apparently 
overwhelming business affairs, always 



63 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



find time to spare to assume additional 
duties, and thus appear to accomplish 
wonders. A very simple principle lies at 
the root of this state of affairs. No time 
is lost in idle speculation, but every 
moment of time is given its true valua- 
tion, and every phase of life is appreci- 
ated in proportion to the useful work 
which has been faithfully performed. He 
is descended from the Days of Cape Ann, 
the first president of Yale College also 
being a member of this branch, and an- 
other member being Professor George 
Edward Day. He is a son of Thomas 
and Mary Plummer (Hillman) Day, the 
latter a daughter of the Rev. Samuel Hill- 
man, his maternal grandmother was a 
Norton, of Livermore, Maine, the line 
from which Nordica descended on her 
paternal side. The Hillmans were from 
Chilmark, Martha's Vineyard. Thomas 
Day was engaged in lumbering in Maine, 
and in steamboating, staging, and similar 
occupations in the State of Washington. 

James Roscoe Day was born at Whit- 
neyville, Maine. His classical and scien- 
tific training was acquired in the Maine 
Wesleyan Seminary, at Bowdoin College. 
He was compelled to leave Bowdoin at 
the close of his sophomore year by reason 
of impaired health. The degree of Bache- 
lor of Arts was, however, conferred upon 
him subsequently, and his name enrolled 
in the class of 1874, in which he would 
naturally have been graduated. While 
still in his teens he spent nearly five years 
in the West, in Washington and Oregon, 
but his early training enabled him to 
resist the temptations which were the 
ruin of so many young men of that period 
in that section. Shortly after leaving 
college he entered the ministry of the 
Methodist Episcopal church, and labored 
effectively as a pastor in Auburn, Bath. 
Biddeford and Portland, Maine; Nashua, 
New Hampshire ; Boston. Massachusetts ; 
Newburgh, New York, and again New 



York, New York. In 1883 he received 
the degree of Doctor of Divinity from 
both Dickinson College and Wesleyan 
University; that of Sacrae Theologiae 
Doctor from Bowdoin College in 1894, 
and that of Doctor of Laws from North- 
western University in 1898. On Novem- 
ber 16, 1893, M^r. Day was elected Chan- 
cellor of Syracuse University. Although 
he was elected a bishop of the Methodist 
Episcopal church in May, 1894, Dr. Day 
decided to remain at the university. It 
is not amiss to give here a summary of 
the organization and rise of the Univer- 
sity of Syracuse. It was organized in 
1871 with forty students, and this number 
of students had grown to six hundred and 
forty-one at the time Chancellor Day took 
matters in hand. So successful have been 
his methods in every respect, that there 
is now an annual attendance of nearly 
four thousand students. The college 
property consisted of but five buildings: 
The Hall of Languages, dedicated in 
1873 ; the John Crouse Memorial Col- 
lege ; the Holden Observatory; the Von 
Ranke Library ; and the Gymnasium. 
The financial affairs were in a very seri- 
ous state, owing to the panic of 1893, a 
large portion of the funds being invested 
in mortgages on unproductive western 
farm lands. It became necessary to fore- 
close these mortgages, many hundreds 
of acres becoming the property of the 
university, and these have increased in 
value since that time and some of them 
have been sold, so that the original in- 
vestment has been more than covered. 
Chancellor Day at once recognized the 
gravity of the financial condition of the 
university, and put carefully formed plans 
into execution. For a number of years 
much of his time and attention was de- 
voted to regulating the internal affairs 
of the institution, for in addition to solv- 
ing the financial problem, new courses of 
study were to be formulated. In a com- 



64 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



paratively short time he had matters in 
fair working order, and now turned his 
attention to increasing the facilities of 
the university. He purposed to extend 
the university in every possible direction, 
and the first step he made in this direc- 
tion was the erection of the main Medical 
College building. A fine building lot in 
the center of the city had been donated 
by Eliphalet Remington, and Chancellor 
Day saw the possibilities of developing 
this as an income bearing property by 
the erection of the present university in- 
vestment building upon it. This was 
done at a cost of almost one million dol- 
lars, but the amount it contributes to the 
funds of the institution to-day proves the 
wisdom of the proceeding. The greater 
part of 1897-98 was consumed in this 
work, and to-day the property of the 
university, together with its endowment 
fund, amounts to approximately five mil- 
lions of dollars. Under the administra- 
tion of Chancellor Day the Esther Baker 
Steele Hall of Physics was erected, this 
being his first building to occupy the 
campus ; Winchell Hall followed, this be- 
ing a dormitory for women, and Haven 
Hall was also erected. L. C. Smith, 
founder of the typewriter industry of 
Syracuse, donated the Lyman Cornelius 
Smith College of Applied Science, one of 
the foremost technical schools in America, 
and this was taxed to its utmost capacity 
immediately upon completion. The area 
of the campus also became too limited for 
the increasing number of students, and 
in 1902 thirty-four acres were purchased 
adjoining on the south, and in 1904 the 
old Crouse homestead, at the corner of 
South State and East Fayette streets was 
purchased, and became the home of the 
Law School. In 1905 the Renwick Castle 
estate was purchased, this consisting of 
fourteen acres with Renwick Castle stand- 
ing upon it, and a College for Teachers 
was established there in 1906. Numerous 

N Y-Vol lV-5 



gifts have been made to the university, 
with the condition attached that an equal 
or given sum be raised by the univer- 
sity, and on each occasion the condition 
has been successfully overcome, mainly 
through the indefatigable energy and en- 
thusiasm of Chancellor Day. When John 
D. Archbold made an ofifer of a gift of 
this nature, amounting to four hundred 
thousand dollars. Dr. Day assisted by his 
financial secretary, worked with such 
energy that he raised the sum of one mil- 
lion two hundred and fifty thousand 
dollars. Another important building 
secured to the university was the Car- 
negie Library, commencing with a gift 
of one hundred and fifty thousand dollars 
from Mr. Carnegie, secured upon the con- 
dition that a similar amount should be 
raised for its endowment. This building 
was completed and occupied in 1907, and 
is considered one of the most beautiful 
on the campus. The John Lyman Hall 
of Natural History, donated by the late 
John Lyman, was completed in 1907, and 
a new Hall of Chemistry was donated by 
Samuel W. Bowne. The Stadium, an- 
other gift of John D. Archbold, president 
of the board of trustees of the univer- 
sity, is one of the finest athletic grounds 
in America, and is provided with asphalt 
seats to the number of twenty thousand. 
The great gymnasium by Mr. Archbold 
soon followed. While Chancellor Day is 
a strong advocate of athletic training, 
he does not believe in giving these ad- 
vantages to a selected few, but thinks 
that all students should make use' of the 
opportunities of this nature which are 
placed at their disposal. 

In political matters Dr. Day gives his 
support to the Republican party, with the 
one exception that he is a warm advocate 
of temperance principles. He has been a 
frequent contributor to periodical litera- 
ture on current, economic and religious 
questions, and is the author of a book, 
65 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



"The Raid on Prosperity," which is op- 
posed to the restrictions and interpreta- 
tions of the privileges of large business, 
of commerce, the constitution of our 
government, the courts, etc. Not many 
years ago a man of socialistic tendencies 
pointed to the Carnegie Library, and said 
to Dr. Day: "Why didn't Carnegie give 
that money to the poor?" The answer, a 
prompt one, was as follows: "He did give 
it to the poor. Every man who has 
worked on that building, of the hundred 
employed there, was a poor man, and it 
will be used forever for the poor. Have 
you heard of any rich man working in 
the building? Even the steel and con- 
crete and stone represent day laborers by 
the thousands. In no better way could 
money be given to the poor. You ought 
to thank God that there is a man of Mr. 
Carnegie's millions and philanthropy. Of 
the half-dozen buildings being erected 
here, everyone was given by a million- 
aire, and but for these millionaires not a 
man of you hundreds of workingmen 
would have had a day's labor on this 
campus. And you will go and vote for 
some demagogue who excites the work- 
ingmen with hatred against the men who 
make it possible for them to secure in- 
creasing pay for decreasing hours." This 
is but one instance of the fearless manner 
in which Chancellor Day expresses his 
well considered views for the good of his 
fellow-men. He has no sympathy with 
those so ready to make attacks upon men 
of huge fortunes, and in this connection 
recently said: "If this mania continues 
it is not far on to a crash that will carry 
down all confidence, confuse all property 
rights, block the wheels of all progress, 
and wreck not only the millionaire's for- 
tune but the laborer's cottage." 

Chancellor Day married, July 14, 1873, 
Anna E. Richards, daughter of the Rev. 
R. R. Richards, of Maine, and they have 
one child, Mary Emogene, who was 



graduated from Syracuse University. 
Absorbed in the work and problems of 
his high position. Dr. Day has not allied 
himself with any fraternal or social or- 
ganizations. His life has touched every 
phase of work wherein he has believed 
that his efforts would prove beneficial to 
the community in any manner. The 
world is better for his having lived, and 
long after his personality shall have faded 
from the minds of men, as his associates 
in life one by one pass away, the move- 
ments which he instituted will remain as 
a monument to his memory. He posses- 
ses a most genial manner, cordial spirit 
and kindly disposition, and his unfailing 
courtesy and ready adaptability make 
him popular wherever he is known. 



SLATER, Samuel Scott, 

Lairyer, Legislator. 

From sturdy, industrious and enter- 
prising ancestors, Mr. Slater has inherited 
qualities which make for success in life. 
In his veins are mingled English, Scotch 
and Dutch blood. The Slater family is of 
English extraction, and had branches 
located in Ireland. From a neighbor- 
hood called Slater Hill, Northern Ireland, 
an immigrant of the name removed to 
Owen Sound, Canada. He married a 
daughter of Samuel Maclean, of a Scot- 
tish family, and when it became neces- 
sary that she sustain herself, she walked 
from beyond the St. Lawrence river at 
Owen Sound to Boston, Massachusetts, 
taking with her an infant daughter, swim- 
ming the river, and after her arrival in 
Massachusetts was born to her a son, 
whom she named Samuel Maclean Slater. 
She worked at weaving, and by careful 
handling of her earnings acquired prop- 
erty and owned a house. She married 
for her second husband a man named 
Bingham, but when he became addicted 
to drink she forcibly put him out of her 



66 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



house, and continued to live alone, and 
brought up her children to be worthy 
citizens. Her daughter became an elocu- 
tionist, and died in her thirtieth year. 
Samuel Maclean Slater became a manu- 
facturer in New York. He married Jane 
Scott, a daughter of Samuel Scott, of a 
Scottish family. She was born in Ireland 
and came to this country at the age of 
three years. Her mother was a Calvert, 
niece of a prominent builder of the city 
of New York, three-quarters of a century 
ago. 

Samuel Scott Slater, son of Samuel 
Maclean and Jane (Scott) Slater, was 
born in the city of New York, at the 
homestead established by his Grand- 
mother Slater, on West Forty-first street 
between Eighth and Ninth avenues. When 
his father was a boy living on this home- 
stead, the Hudson river came up to what 
is now Tenth avenue, and the nearest 
house to the Slater or Bingham home- 
stead was about a quarter of a mile 
distant. This was a farming section in 
the days when Fourteenth street was 
considered the farthest limit uptown. 
Samuel Scott Slater attended the public 
schools and the New York University. 
In 1S90 he entered Cornell University, 
and was graduated B. L. in 1894, receiv- 
ing the additional degree of LL.B. He was 
the first man to receive the two degrees 
from the university. Before the close of 
the year he engaged in the practice of his 
profession in New York City, and soon 
after became a member of the law firm 
of Baldwin & Slater, for the general prac- 
tice of law. This firm continued about 
three years, and during this time and 
subsequently Mr. Slater was a reporter 
and writer for the press of New York. 
He became a member of the law firm of 
Fitch, Slater & Randall, which continued 
three years, and since that time has prac- 
ticed law with great success independ- 
ently. In recent years his practice has 



largely developed in the handling of 
corporation matters. While in college 
Mr. Slater worked his way by his own 
effort, acting as correspondent for vari- 
ous journals, including the Chicago 
"Tribune," Philadelphia "Press," New 
York "World," New York "Recorder" 
and three college papers. He was com- 
mencement day orator and took a prize 
for his law thesis. He is a progressive 
Republican, and a member of his Repub- 
lican district club, and has achieved dis- 
tinction in direction of legislative matters 
in his native State. He served in the 
State Assembly in 1898 and 1899, and in 
the State Senate in 1900 and 1901. In the 
house he was a member of the committee 
on cities, and served in the senate on the 
judiciary and code committees. He was 
the author of the first employers' liability 
act in New York State, and thereby be- 
came the father of the Employers' Liabil- 
ity Law in New York State. While in 
the lower house he was in charge of 
Senator Ford's Franchise Tax Law 
(1899), which subseqently, at a special 
session, was amended and passed, and is 
known as the Roosevelt Franchise Tax 
Bill. He was the author of a law which 
stopped the shooting of pigeons for sport, 
promoted by the Society for the Pre- 
vention of Cruelty to Animals, and in 
recognition of this service the society has 
made him an honorary life member. Mr. 
Slater is interested in various business 
enterprises; is a director of the Cold 
Process Company of New York, the 
Millington Company, and a director and 
treasurer of the United Cotton Gin Com- 
pany. He is a member of the Methodist 
church, and is affiliated with the Masonic 
fraternity as a member of Harlem Lodge, 
Free and Accepted Masons, and Sylvan 
Chapter, Royal Arch Masons. He is also 
a member of the New York Bar Associa- 
tion, the New York County Bar Associa- 
tion, New York County Lawyers' Asso- 



67 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ciation, and three college fraternities: Phi 
Gamma Delta, Phi Delta Phi and Alpha 
Zeta. His clubs include the Republican, 
Cornell, Harlem Republican and Phi 
Gamma Delta. 



MORSE, Waldo Grant, 

Lawyer, Publicist. 

Waldo Grant Morse, one of the success- 
ful attorneys of New York City, wields a 
large influence in moulding the thought 
of the State and nation. He comes of 
the best New England stock, inheriting 
through the Morse and Grant families 
blood of ancestors who were active in 
founding the nation and in the develop- 
ment of its material and moral progress, 
down to the present day. The Alorse 
family is one of the oldest in America, 
and has been conspicuous in both English 
and American annals, traced with toler- 
able accuracy to the time of William the 
Conqueror. The name is inseparably 
connected with the invention of the elec- 
tric telegraph, and is otherwise distin- 
guished in relation to the science, liter- 
ature and all the influences that make for 
the betterment of the condition of man- 
kind. Its bearers are to be found in re- 
motely separated districts of the United 
States, and they have been noted for the 
maintenance of the standards set up by 
their Puritan fathers. The American 
family has been traced to the Rev. 
Thomas Morse, who resided at Foxearth, 
in the county of Essex, England. There 
were several of the name early estab- 
lished in Essex county, Massachusetts, 
including William, Anthony, Samuel and 
Joseph Morse, all of whom were the an- 
cestors of a numerous progeny. 

(II) Samuel Morse, son of Rev. 
Thomas Morse, of Foxearth, was born in 
1585, and embarked for New England at 
London in 1635, settling first at Water- 



town, Massachusetts, whence he soon re- 
moved to Dedham. He became one of 
the original settlers of Medfield, formerly 
a part of Dedham, where he died April 5, 
1664. His wife, Elizabeth, probably sur- 
vived him one year. 

(III) Joseph Morse, third son of 
Samuel and Elizabeth Morse, was born 
in 1615, and was approaching his major- 
ity when he came with his parents to 
America. For a time his residence was 
in Dorchester, and meantime he was 
clearing land and preparing a home in 
Medfield, whither he did not remove. He 
died in 1654, prior to the completion of 
his residence. In 1638 he married Han- 
nah Philips, who survived him, and mar- 
ried (second) Thomas Boyden. She died 
at the home of her daughter in Boston, in 
1676. 

(IV) Joseph (2) Morse, second son of 
Joseph (i) and Hannah (Philips) Morse, 
was born March 25, 1679, and resided in 
Sherborn, Massachusetts, where he died 
April 18, 1734. He married, April 14, 
1702, Prudence Adams, born April 10, 
1683, died 1772, daughter of Henry and 
Prudence (Frairy) Adams. 

(V) Jacob Morse, fifth son of Joseph 
(2) and Prudence (Adams) Morse, was 
born in Sherborn, Massachusetts, Sep- 
tember 21, 1717. He settled in Douglass, 
Massachusetts, where he died March 30, 
1800. He married, in 1753-54, Mary 
Merrifield. 

(VI) Jacob (2) Morse, eldest child of 
Jacob (i) and Mary (Merrifield) Morse, 
was born in Sherborn, Massachusetts, 
July II, 1755. He lived most of his life 
in Sutton, Massachusetts, but died in 
Sherborn, January 5, 1841. He married, 
June II, 1782, Rebecca Smith. 

(VII) Amos Morse, eldest child of 
Jacob (2) and Rebecca (Smith) Morse, 
was born in Douglass, Massachusetts, 
April 8, 1783. He married, January 9, 



68 




XzdU^ ^. y{/L^JU 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1806, Mary Hale. He resided in Doug- 
lass, Worcester county, Massachusetts, 
where he died in 1845. 

(VIII) Adolphus Morse, eldest child 
of Amos and Mary (Hale) Morse, was 
born in 1807. He received an excellent 
education, was admitted to the bar in 
Worcester, and there began the practice 
of his profession. In 1850 he removed to 
Rochester, New York, where he engaged 
in business, and died in 1873. He was 
well known in business and social circles 
of Western New York, esteemed for his 
high character as a man. He married 
(first) Lavinia Robbins, of Worcester, 
who bore him two children, who survived 
him, Charles Adolphus and Jennie. He 
married (second) Mary Elizabeth Grant, 
born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 
1821, daughter of Abraham Grant, of 
Cambridge, and his wife, Margaret 
(Cheever) Grant, of Chelsea, Massachu- 
setts, daughter of Joshua Cheever, de- 
scendant of another old Essex county 
family. She was very highly esteemed in 
Rochester for her broad charities and 
many adornments of character. She was 
among the most active patrons of the 
Charitable Society and the Old Ladies' 
Home of Rochester, and was ever distin- 
guished for her service to others. After 
a long life of usefulness in giving happi- 
ness to those about her, she died at 
Rochester in 1912. 

She was descended from Christian 
Grant, born 1608, in England, who settled 
early in Watertown, Massachusetts, with 
his wife Mary, and lived in the north- 
east corner of the town, near Fresh Pond, 
where he died September 6, 1685. The 
inventory of his personal estate amounted 
to two hundred and ninety-six pounds, 
ten shillings. His fourth son, Joseph 
Grant, was born September :z'j, 1646, in 
Watertown, where he died February 12, 
1722. He married, December 24, 1684, 
Mary Grafton, who was born in 1664. 



Their fifth son and fourteenth child was 
Christopher Grant, who resided in Water- 
town, with his wife Mercy, and they were 
the parents of Christopher Grant, born 
February 4, 1747, who lived in Water- 
town with his wife Sarah. Their fourth 
son, Abraham Grant, was born January 
22, 1779, in Watertown, and married in 
Chelsea, Massachusetts, May 28, 1807, 
Margaret Cheever, born there 1783, bap- 
tized July 13 of that year, seventh daugh- 
ter of Joshua and Abigail (Eustis) 
Cheever, descended from Ezekiel Chee- 
ver, a pioneer settler of Boston, Massa- 
chusetts. Ezekiel Cheever was born 
January 26, 1615, in London, and m 1637 
came to Boston, where he was the famous 
schoolmaster of the Boston Latin School. 
He removed, in 1638, to New Haven, 
afterwards to Ipswich, Massachusetts, 
where he was living in 1650, to Charles- 
town in November, 1661, and returned ten 
years later to Boston, where he died 
August 21, 1708. He was an interesting 
figure in the early history of the colonies, 
and is the subject of a volume recently 
published by President Eliot of Harvard 
University. He married (second) No- 
vember 18, 1652, Ellen, a sister of Captain 
Thomas Lothrop, of Beverly. She died 
September 10, 1706. His fifth son and 
fourth child of his second wife, Ellen 
(Lothrop) Cheever, was the Rev. Thomas 
Cheever, who was born August 23, 1658, 
in Ipswich, graduated from Harvard in 
1677, was admitted to the First church at 
Boston in 1680, and took the freeman's 
oath there October 13 of that year. He 
began preaching at Maiden in 1679, and 
was ordained there July 27, 1681, as a 
colleague of Rev. Michael Wigglesworth. 
Later he was a teacher, and subsequently 
pastor of the church at Rumney Marsh 
(now Chelsea), where he was ordained 
October 19, 1715, as the first minister, 
and continued in service until 1747. At 
his death in November, 1749, he was the 



69 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



oldest living graduate of Harvard. He 
married Sarah, daughter of James Bill, 
Sr. Their youngest child, Nathan 
Cheever, born March i6, 1694, in Boston, 
was constable and selectman of Chelsea, 
a member of the Ancient and Honorable 
Artillery Company of Boston, and died 
September 30, 1774. He married (second) 
in Boston, February 17, 1738, Anna, 
widow of Nathan Fuller, and daughter of 
Samuel Burrill, of Lynn. She died No- 
vember 10, 1740. He had a son Nathan 
by his first marriage, and the onh^ child 
of the second marriage was Joshua 
Cheever, born October 10, 1740, in Chel- 
sea, died January 15, 1813. He is called 
gentleman in the records, and left a p'?r- 
sonal estate valued at $5,478.50. He 
married in Chelsea. May 8, 1765, Abigail 
Eustis, born 1745-46, died in February, 
1809, in Chelsea. Their seventh daugh- 
ter and ninth child, Margaret, born 1783, 
as above noted, became the wife of Abra- 
ham Grant. 

(IX) Waldo Grant Morse, son of 
Adolphus and Mary Elizabeth (Grant) 
Morse, was born March 13, 1859, in 
Rochester, New York, where he was 
educated in its schools and the Univer- 
sity of Rochester. He was admitted to 
the bar in 1884. Since 1888 he has been 
actively engaged in the practice of his 
profession in New York City, with office 
on \\^all street. While conducting a large 
practice, Mr. Morse has always found 
time to devote to the public interest, and 
is very earnest in his labors with pen and 
voice in behalf of American progress. He 
was appointed by Governor Levi P. Mor- 
ton, of New York, a member of the Pali- 
sade Commission, established under legis- 
lation which he framed, and drew the Pali- 
sades National Preservation bills which 
were passed by the Legislatures of New 
York and New Jersey, and his work has 
been largely instrumental in preserving 
the great natural beauties of Hudson river 



scenery. Mr. Morse is a member of the 
committee of the Scenic and Historic 
Preservation Society, in charge of the 
preservation of the highlands of the Hud- 
son. He was the second president, and 
is now a director of the Morse Society, 
incorporated under the laws of the State 
of New York, engaged in the publication 
of a history of the great Morse family. 
He is president of the National Editorial 
Service, Incorporated; vice-president of 
the State Bank of Seneca Falls, New 
York : director of and counsel for the 
Sonora Phonograph Corporation ; coun- 
sellor and treasurer of the American 
Academy of Jurisprudence; life member 
of Council of National Advisors, and 
chairman of the Division of American 
Jurisprudence of the National Highways 
Association, and member of the follow- 
ing: American Bar Association, Ameri- 
can Academy of Politics and Social 
Science, American Association for the 
Advancement of Science, New York State 
Bar Association, Association of the Bar 
of the City of New York, New York 
County Lawyers' Association, Westches- 
ter County Bar Association, Society of 
Colonial Wars, Sons of the Revolution, 
Society for the Promotion of Training for 
the Public Service, National Municipal 
League, Lawyers Club, Bankers Club, 
Reform Club, Quill Club, Press Club, 
Amackkassin Club, Hudson River Coun- 
try Club. Wykagyl Country Club. Cham- 
ber of Commerce of the United States, 
Yonkers Chamber of Commerce, National 
Municipal League, and National Eco- 
nomic League. 

As a member of the National Editorial 
Faculty Mr. Morse has written signed 
editorials dealing with legal and govern- 
mental questions which have been of 
great value in moulding public opinion 
and directing the thought of the Ameri- 
can people toward the best means of 
promoting stable government and social 



70 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



welfare. These have been widely pub- 
lished throughout the land. The follow- 
ing are the closing paragraphs of one 
upon "Government by Commission :" 

Adam, broadly delegated to replenish the 
earth and subdue it, held the first coinmission. 
The earth having become replenished, there- 
upon Moses, Saul, Solomon and the others, 
made, adjudicated and executed laws, all with 
ample sanction and authorization. But the earth 
as a whole still remained to be and was sub- 
dued, though as to Who or What has been back 
of Menes and Rameses Second, Nebuchadnez- 
zar, Phillip and Alexander, Caesar and Nero, 
Genghis Kahn, the Manchus, the Romanoffs, 
and the rest, we may have our doubts, but still 
they were commissioners — all true commission- 
ers — in all things except the name. What is 
the logical ending of the road upon which we 
have apparently set our feet? Are we to go 
forward, allowing our legislatures to add im- 
possible tasks to their unfulfilled duties and then 
delegate to commissioners not only their own 
powers but others, rewarding each failure with 
greater extension of powers and the authority 
to lay heavier penalties? Not until the millen- 
nium can government by commission be one of 
equity and justice, but then we shall need no 
rulers. 

Mr. Morse married, in Seneca Falls, 
New York, June 22, 1886, Adelaide P. 
Cook, daughter of Albert Cook, of that 
town. His home is in Yonkers, and 
summer residence at Seneca Falls, New 
York. 



WOODLEY, Alvin Clayton, M. D., C. M. 

Physician, Specialist. 

After receiving his degree of Doctor of 
Medicine, C. M., from Trinity College 
of Medicine, Toronto, Canada, in 1886, 
Dr. Woodley, after gaining experience 
under eminent physicians, came to the 
United States and has since operated as 
a specialist in the cities of Rochester, 
Buffalo and Binghamton. He is a phy- 
sician of the old school and keeps abreast 
of all medical progress, for he is a tireless 
worker notwithstanding the demands of 



a large practice, and he continues the 
student and investigator. 

Alvin Clayton Woodley was born in 
Waterford, Province of Ontario, Canada, 
December 20, 1861, son of George and 
Marietta (Home) Woodley. The Wood- 
leys are an old English family often 
found as Woodleigh in England, but in 
Canada where George Woodley the father 
of Dr. Woodley was born, the latter form 
of the name is general. George Woodley 
was a prosperous agriculturist, and a man 
progressive and public-spirited in his 
citizenship. He was a deacon of the 
Baptist church and active in g^ood works 
for many years, until his death in Cali- 
fornia in 1901. He had three children, 
Dr. Alvin C, of Binghamton ; Clara, wife 
of SafTord Kitchen, residing in Blooms- 
burg, Canada; Martha (Mattie), wife of 
H. A. Horning, also residing in Canada. 

Dr. Alvin C. Woodley began his 
studies in Grove Union School, continued 
them in the Canadian Literary Institute 
(now Woodstock College), completed his 
studies there, graduating in class of 1881, 
then entered Trinity University at 
Toronto, Canada. He there completed 
a literary course, then entered the medical 
department of the university whence he 
was graduated as Doctor of Medicine, 
C. M. in class of 1886. He had the benefit 
of association while a student with the 
best physicians and hospital workers, 
notably Drs. Emerick, of Waterford, and 
Hayes, of Sinco, Ontario. After receiving 
his degree he located in Rochester, New 
York, practiced there for a time, then 
after post-graduate courses in New York 
City institutions he opened offices in 
Buffalo. In that city he specialized in 
diseases of the respiratory organs, 
nervous and blood diseases, also main- 
taining branch offices in several of the 
principal cities of New York State. In 
1904 he located in Binghamton. where he 
continues. His practice is very large, his 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



clientele of the best standing coming 
from far and near. He is a hard, con- 
scientious worker and has given his best 
to his profession. During the summer of 
1915 he gave himself much needed re- 
laxation and made an extended southern 
and western tour. His office is at No. 45 
Court street, Binghamton, New York ; his 
residence at No. 245 Vestal avenue. Dr. 
Woodley has been examining physician 
for many of the fraternal insurance 
orders, and is a member of the Western 
New York Medical Society and the First 
Baptist Church of Binghamton. 



HONSINGER, Frederick S., M. D., 

Physician, Public-spirited Citizen. 

The medical fraternity of Syracuse has 
many representatives, yet none who are 
more devoted to their profession or are 
more earnest in the discharge of profes- 
sional duties than Dr. Frederick S. Hon- 
singer, who was born in Rome, New 
York, January 9, 1874, son of Abram W. 
and Welthy B. (Sanford) Honsinger. 
The family is of Holland Dutch descent 
in the paternal line, and in the maternal 
is of English lineage and eligible to mem- 
bership in the Society of Mayflower 
Descendants. 

Dr. Honsinger began the mastery of 
those branches of learning which con- 
stitute the public school education, and 
later he became a student of the academy 
in his native city, there pursuing higher 
branches of study. With the desire to 
become a member of the m,edical profes- 
sion, he matriculated in the Syracuse 
University and there pursued both scien- 
tific and medical courses and was gradu- 
ated with the class of 1898. While pur- 
suing his collegiate course he became a 
member of the Phi Delta Theta and the 
Nu Sigma Nu fraternities. Immediately 
following his graduation he filled the 
position of interne in St. Joseph's Hos- 



pital, during the years 1898-99, and there 
added to his theoretical college training 
the broad and practical experience that 
comes in hospital work. He then opened 
an office for the active practice of hi.'^ 
profession, and in due course of time was 
in receipt of an extensive practice which 
is increasing steadily, and he has gained 
recognition as one of the able and suc- 
cessful physicians of Syracuse, and by his 
labors, his high professional attainments 
and his sterling characteristics has justi- 
fied the respect and confidence reposed in 
him by the medical fraternity and the 
public. He keeps in touch with the most 
advanced methods and thoughts of the 
day that bear upon his chosen calling by 
a thorough course of reading. Dr. Hon- 
singer is a very public-spirited man, dis- 
playing commendable zeal in the varied 
interests of the city. His loyal support 
can be counted upon to further all pro- 
gressive movements that tend to promote 
municipal reform or to advance the up- 
building of Syracuse. He casts his vote 
for the candidates of the Republican 
party, the principles of which he loyally 
upholds. He holds membership in Lodge 
No. 31, Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks ; in the Citizens' Club, and served 
in the capacity of president of the 
Anglers' Association, which is the largest 
organization of sportsmen in the United 
States, banded for the protection of 
forests, fish, game, song and insectivorous 
birds for the benefit of the public. He 
takes a deep interest in this organization 
and through his efforts its membership 
has been increased from a few hundred 
to over two thousand. 

Dr. Honsinger married, October 9, 
1900, Evalina Vernon, born in Rome, 
Italy, August 9, 1876, daughter of Dean 
and Emily (Barker) Vernon. They are 
the parents of five children: Evalina 
Frances, born February 21, 1902; Leroy 
Vernon, born September 5, 1906; Helen 



72 



r 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



B., born December i, 1908; Fredericka 
W., born April 21, 1913; and Abram 
Barker, born February 14, 1915. Both 
Dr. Honsinger and his wife are members 
of the First Methodist Episcopal Church 
of Syracuse. While Dr. Honsinger has 
attained prominence in his profession, he 
has gained popularity in social circles and 
has won the firm friendship of all with 
whom he has been brought in contact in 
his home life. 



GOODELLE, William Prevost, / 
Lawyer, Fnlilicist. 

Hon. William Prevost Goodelle, one of 
the most distinguished members of the 
New York bar, whose eloquence, com- 
bined with his logic and his comprehen- 
sive knowledge of the principles of juris- 
prudence, has j^ained him preeminence as 
a representative of the legal profession, 
was born in Tally, Onondaga county, 
New York, May 25, 1838, a son of Aaron 
B. and Eleanor (Prevost) Goodelle. 

His father followed general agricultural 
pursuits, and -he boyhood and youth of 
his son, William Prevost, were spent on 
the old homestead, during which time he 
attended the district schools. He readily 
mastered the branches taught in these, 
was a student in Homer Academy for 
one year, and later entered Cazenovia 
Seminary, where he was one of the only 
two students to take a five years' course 
in that institution. He left it in i860, and 
in the spring of 1861 matriculated as a 
sophomore at Dartmouth College, from 
which he was graduated with the highest 
honors in the class of 1863. He then 
accepted the proffered position of prin- 
cipal in an academy at Moravia, New 
York, but at the close of the school year 
resigned from this office in order to take 
up th: study of law, which he did in the 
office, and under the preceptorship, of L. 
H. and F. Hiscock, of Syracuse. His ex- 



cellent reputation as an educator, how- 
ever, led to his selection as principal of 
the Onondaga Valley Academy and, 
yielding to urgent solicitation, he became 
the incumbent of this office, which he 
retained two years, during which time 
the institution profited largely by his 
administration of affairs. His leisure 
time during this period was devoted to 
the study of law, which he again took up 
in the office of L. H. and F. Hiscock, with 
whom he continued for an entire year 
after his admission to the bar in October, 
1868. He then established himself in 
independent practice, which he pursued 
successfully three years, making a mark 
for himself by his brilliant advocacy of 
the cases entrusted to him. He was then 
chosen district attorney of Onondaga 
county. He was one of the most fearless, 
the most able and successful officers to 
have held that position in the county. 
His election was at a time when the 
district attorneys were given one term 
only. He was called into cases by his 
successors on many occasions. He acted 
in forty odd capital cases, either prose- 
cuting or defending the person accused 
of murder and on trial for his life. After 
three years spent in the faithful dis- 
charge of the responsible duties of this 
office, he resumed his legal practice, 
in which he made continued advance- 
ment until he had attained a position 
equaled by few, and surpassed by none, 
of the leading members of the bar 
of New York State. He had been a 
member of several firms, many of them 
disintegrated by the accession of some 
of the members to the judicial bench. He 
is now (1915) the head of the firm, of 
Goodelle & Harding. After his retire- 
ment from the office of district attorney 
the New York Central Railroad Company, 
attracted by his brilliant record, retained 
him as general criminal counsel and attor- 
ney. His field of labor extended from 



7Z 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Buffalo to Albany, and he served in this 
capacity until appointed a member of the 
State Board of Law Examiners in 1894. 
While well versed in every department 
of the law, and while he has an enviable 
record in civil proceedings, he has become 
especially noted in the practice of 
criminal law. Hundreds of law breakers 
have been brought to punishment through 
his efforts. There is scarcely a county in 
the State, and certainly none along the 
line of the Central railroad, where he is 
not well known as a lawyer, and where 
his eloquent voice has not been heard in 
behalf of peace and security from crime. 
So effective were his efforts in this direc- 
tion that it is a well known and freely 
acknowledged fact, that crimes against 
the railroad company within Mr. Good- 
elle's jurisdiction had almost completely 
ceased at the time he severed his relations 
with the company. 

He has won notable forensic successes 
when opposed to some of the strongest 
counsel for the State, and his name 
figures prominently on the pages of the 
judicial history of New York. Among 
the early important criminal cases with 
which he was connected was the prose- 
cution of Owen Lindsay, charged with 
the murder of Francis Colvin, in 1874. 
For the first time in the history of juris- 
prudence he brought into the case the 
point of determining the difference be- 
tween stains made by human blood and 
those made by the blood of other animals. 
His conduct of the case showed untiring 
research, patient investigation and gen- 
eral legal ability, and awakened the high- 
est commendation of the bench and bar 
throughout New York, as well as that of 
the laity. There was much favorable 
comment in the press, one of the local 
papers saying: "Air. Goodelle's address 
to the jury was a most fitting close 
to his untiring labors as a public officer 
of Onondaga county." During the de- 



livery, not only the jury, but the entire 
audience gave that attention which 
demonstrated the power of the learned 
counsel's eloquence and the strength of 
his argument. Mr. Goodelle often rose 
to heights of impassioned eloquence. He 
forgot his associates ; he forgot the audi- 
ence hanging upon his words ; he forgot 
all but his case and the jury. His presen- 
tation of the people's evidence was per- 
fect. Taken altogether, the effort of Mr. 
Goodelle in its plain statement of the 
work the people had to perform, in its 
minute tracing of the testimony, in its 
final welding of the circumstantial and 
direct evidence into an unbroken chain 
and fastening the same about the 
prisoner, formed one of the most masterly 
efforts ever made at the bar of the county. 
Perhaps no better indication of Mr. 
Goodelle's ability can be given than by 
quoting from the press, which is the 
mirror of public opinion. In defense of 
Mary J. Holmes, charged with poisoning 
her husband, the trial lasted six weeks 
and resulted in an acquittal. A prominent 
paper said of this: 

The last tick of the parting day was almost 
simultaneous with the final words of an argu- 
ment for the prisoner which had consumed seven 
hours. The counselor's face bore the plain evi- 
dence of the mental and physical strain to which 
he put himself. A masterly eflfort had been 
expected from Mr. Goodelle, whose acumen and 
learning are a source of pride to the bar of this 
county. Never in the criminal history of Onon- 
daga county was a more comprehensive defense 
made of human life. Mr. Goodelle's impassioned 
style of oratory put into graceful language his 
logical deductions from an investigation of the 
case as viewed from the side of the defense. 
Every point was covered, one by one, but at no 
time was there a break in the continuity of the 
argument. It was probably the longest argu- 
ment ever oflfered in the Court of Justice in Syra- 



That Mr. Goodelle has become known 
as one of the ablest lawvers of the State 



74 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



is indicated b}' the fact that he has been 
frcquenth' called to conduct both civil and 
criminal cases in various counties of New 
York. Few lawyers have made a more 
lasting impression on the bar of the State, 
both for legal ability of a high order, and 
for the sterling personal characteristics 
which have impressed themselves on the 
community. A member of a family con- 
spicuous for strong intellect, indomitable 
courage and energy, his force of character 
and natural qualifications have over- 
come all obstacles, and he has written his 
name upon the keystone of the legal arch. 
In fact, he has been one of the most con- 
spicuous figures in the history of the 
jurisprudence of the State during the past 
five decades. He has argued many cases, 
and lost few. No one better knows the 
necessity for thorough preparation, and 
no one more industriously prepares his 
cases than he. His handling of them is 
always comprehensive and accurate ; his 
analysis of the facts is clear and exhaus- 
tive ; he sees without efTort the relation 
and dependence of the facts, and so 
groups them as to enable him to throw 
their combined force upon the point they 
had to prove. 

Mr. Goodelle is a stalwart Republican, 
but not a politician. While he is not 
v.'ithout that personal ambition which is 
an important element in the capable con- 
duct of official duties, he yet regards the 
pursuits of private life as abundantly 
worthy of his best efforts, and has con- 
centrated his time, energy and talents 
upon his profession. He has, however, 
addressed the public on many occasions 
in discussion of the issues and questions 
before the people, and never fails to im- 
press his auditors by the strength, truth 
and force of his argument. His public 
addresses, however, have not been con- 
fined to political questions. In fact, it is 
a matter of surprise that one of his ability 
a<; a lawver has had time to so thoroughlv 



familiarize himself with the great variety 
of questions that he has discussed from 
the public platform. He has been an 
omnivorous reader, has had the ability to 
coordinate the knowledge gained from 
various sources, drawing his deductions 
and forming his conclusions in the same 
logical and discriminating manner that 
characterizes his professional work. 

Almost the only public position he has 
filled, aside from the one already men- 
tioned, was that of a member of the 
Constitutional Convention, and that was 
in the direct path of his profession, in the 
framing of the organic laws of the State. 
This convention was in 1894, and Mr. 
Goodelle, who was one of the five dele- 
gates-at-large from Western New York, 
was appointed by President Choate, chair- 
man of the committee on suffrage, num- 
bering among its members men of na- 
tional repute. His position in this con- 
nection was, next to that of speakership, 
perhaps the most conspicuous in the 
convention, and only the highest merit 
and capability could have led to his selec- 
tion to this honor. He was also second 
on the committee on the powers and 
duties of the legislature, and was promi- 
nent in almost all of the proposed amend- 
ments, and early became one of the 
leaders of the convention. It was in this 
committee that the subject of giving 
women equal suffrage was discussed. 
There was no question before the con- 
vention, nor has there ever been one in 
the history of the State for years, that 
has created such wide-spread interest. 
i\Ir. Goodelle gave to the question the 
utmost attention, and his opinions and 
the course he followed were the result 
of profound thought, wide investigations 
and thorough understanding of the sub- 
ject. Possessing a natural chivalry to- 
ward women, and a never-failing cour- 
tesy, he has never believed that the right 
of suffrage could result in good of any 



75 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



kind and least of all to woman herself. 
The debate on the subject before the 
convention was closed by Mr. Goodelle 
in what has been termed the "greatest 
and most successful effort of his life, both 
as an exhibition of eloquent and wonder- 
ful oratory and as an argumentative and 
logical display." The "Troy Times" 
voiced the general opinion in the follow- 
ing: 

The argument of Mr. Goodelle is e.xhaustive. 
It covers the whole ground of objections. And 
is so grounded in common sense and so grandly 
sustains the chivalrous, sentimental sentiment 
and conception of woman's true relation to soci- 
ety and the State, that it may be pronounced 
unanswerable. Sophistry may assail it and per- 
sonal ambition decry it, but as a just and accu- 
rate presentation of woman's cause, a summary 
of her rights, achieved through the steady 
advance of civilization, the high position which 
has been accorded her because of the recognized 
and steadily growing importance of her posi- 
tion in the State, it is complete. 

The address was pronounced by lead- 
ing members of the convention "the most 
classical and finished that was made 
before the body." Mr. Goodelle received 
many congratulatory letters and tele- 
grams from people prominent throughout 
New York, upon his speech on this oc- 
casion. He took an active part in the 
framing of the new laws, and was the 
champion of many other progressive 
measures and much needed amendments 
during the progress of this convention, 
and was an influential factor in molding 
the policy of State. 

Prior to 1894 applicants for admission 
to the bar appeared before an examining 
committee in each judicial district, and 
for several years Mr. Goodelle had been 
a member of this committee in his district. 
At the date mentioned above, pursuant 
to an act of the Legislature, a State 
Board of Law Examiners was appointed 
by the Court of Appeals, with full and 
absolute authority to accept or reject 



applicants for admission to the bar from 
any part of the State. Mr. Goodelle was 
appointed a mem,ber of this board, was 
chosen its president, and is still the in- 
cumbent of this office. During his activ- 
ity, despite the strict standard of exami- 
nations set in this State, more than six- 
teen thousand applicants have received 
their permits from the board to practice 
law. It was recently estimated that fifty 
per cent, of the practicing lawyers of New 
York gained admission to the bar during 
the administration of Mr. Goodelle as 
president of the examiners. He was 
president of the Onondaga County Bar 
Association for twelve years, and then 
declined further service in this office. 
Recently he was elected referee by the 
State Bar Association to settle all dis- 
putes between members. In February, 
1905, Mr. Goodelle was appointed by the 
State Bar Association as its counsel and 
representative to prosecute charges 
against Warren B. Hooker, justice of the 
Supreme Court, for his removal from 
ofiice for malfeasance. The preliminary 
investigations of the charges before the 
Assembly Judiciary Committee (required 
under the constitution) took about four 
weeks. The Assembly Committee su- 
stained the informal charges. Formal 
charges were then preferred to the Senate 
with the recommendation that Mr. 
Hooker be put on trial upon the charges. 
Mr. Goodelle appeared as counsel for the 
State Bar Association at the trial before 
the Senate and Assembly. The trial 
lasted about three weeks and resulted in a 
respectable majority voting for the re- 
moval, but the required affirmative two- 
thirds vote for removal was not obtained. 
Mr. Goodelle bore the brunt of the con- 
test with the same force and ability 
which attended the discharge of the other 
important duties which had been en- 
trusted to him. In January, 1906. he was 
appointed by the State Bar Association 



76 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



to represent the Fifth Judicial District on 
a committee of the association to lend 
its efforts in securing the nomination and 
election of worthy candidates for justices 
of the Supreme Court throughout the 
State, and to prevent unworthy candi- 
dates from, being elected or selected, 
which position he still holds. Upon the 
death of Dean Huffcut in 1907, at the 
time private counsel to Governor Hughes, 
Mr. Goodelle was appointed by President 
Choate of the association, as chairman of 
the State grievance committee, to fill the 
vacancy caused by the death. At the next 
January meeting of the association, he 
was reelected as a member of the griev- 
ance committee, and again designated as 
its chairman. It may be said that this 
committee is by far the most important 
of the committees of the association, and 
one on which heavy responsibilities de- 
volve. It acts at all times independently, 
and mainly from the direction and advice 
of its chairman. Its efforts and purpose 
are to elevate and maintain not only the 
moral standard of the members of the 
profession throughout the State, but of 
the judiciary as well, as evidenced in the 
Hooker case, which was under the charge 
of the grievance committee. 

In January, 1907, the Bar Association 
directed the appointment of a committee 
to consider abuses in the profession and 
to report at its January meeting, 1908. 
Mr. Goodelle was appointed from this 
district with many eminent associates in 
the profession. The report of that com- 
mittee having been unanimously adopted 
by the association, the same committee 
was reappointed to force to passage the 
proposed amendments, of which Mr. 
Goodelle has personal charge. 

Mr. Goodelle married, September 8, 
1869, Marian H. Averill, of Baldwinsville, 
New York, who died in April, 1901, leav- 
ing an only child, Una Mae. The family 
is very prominent socially, and the doors 



of their beautiful and hospitable home on 
James street are always open to their 
many friends. He is endowed with the 
ability of putting aside absolutely all his 
professional problems when he enters 
upon the social side of his career, this 
happy faculty indicating his thoroughly 
well balanced mind. Equipped by nature 
with high intellectual qualities, to which 
are added the discipline and embellish- 
ments of culture, his is a most attractive 
personality. Well versed in the learning 
of his profession, and with a deep knowl- 
edge of human nature and the springs of 
human conduct, with great shrewdness, 
sagacity and extraordinary tact, he is in 
the courts an advocate of great power and 
influence. Both judges and juries always 
listen to him with attention and deep 
interest. 



GANNON, Frank Stanislaus, Jr., 

La-wye r. 

Frank S. Gannon, Jr., one of the suc- 
cessful lawyers of New York City, has 
made his way to an eminent position at 
the bar, through native ability, reinforced 
by studious application. He is a grand- 
son of John and Mary (Clancy) Gannon, 
of Irish birth, who established themselves 
in Spring Valley, New York, in the early 
part of the nineteenth century. His 
father, Frank Stanislaus Gannon, was 
born September 16, 185 1, at Spring Val- 
ley, and educated in the public schools 
of Port Jervis, New York. At the age 
of seventeen years he entered the service 
of the Erie railroad as a telegraph oper- 
ator, in which he continued from, 1868 to 
1870. Following this he was with the 
Midland railroad, now the New York, 
Susquehanna & Western, a part of the 
Erie system, serving in the various capa- 
cities of clerk, terminal agent and train 
dispatcher, from 1870 to 1875, and later, 
until 1881, master of transportation on 



77 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the Long Island railroad. In the latter 
year he was supervisor of trains on the 
Baltimore & Ohio railroad, and from 1881 
to 1886 general superintendent of the 
New York City & Northern railroad. 
From 1886 to 1894 he was general super- 
intendent, and from 1894 to 1896 general 
manager of the Staten Island Transit 
railway. From 1893 ^o i8g6 he was presi- 
dent of that railroad, and from 1900 to 
1906 general superintendent of the New 
York division of the Baltimore & Ohio 
railway. He was subsequently third 
vice-president and general manager of the 
Southern railway ; president and director 
of the Norfolk & Southern railroad in 
1909; president of the Montana, Wyom- 
ing & Southern railroad ; Virginia & Caro- 
lina Coast railroad, Atlantic & North 
Carolina railroad, Pamlico, Oriental & 
Western railroad. He is a director of the 
New York City railway, Broadway & 
Seventh Avenue railroad. Forty-second 
Street & Grand Street Ferry railroad, 
Fulton Street railroad, Thirty-fourth 
Street Crosstown railway, Twenty-third 
Street railway, Twenty-eighth & Twenty- 
ninth Street Crosstown railroad. He is a 
director of the Metropolitan Securities 
Company, and the Immigrant Industrial 
Savings Bank of New York. He married, 
in Jersey City, September 24, 1874, 
Marietta Burrows. They are the parents 
of a large family of sons : Frank Stanis- 
laus, John W., James A., Gregory, Ed- 
ward, Albert, Robert and Benedictine. 

Frank Stanislaus Gannon, Jr., was born 
December 16, 1877, in Long Island City, 
and in youth was a student of public 
schools of New York. Entering St. 
Francis Xavier College of New York, he 
was graduated Bachelor of Arts 1898, 
Master of Arts 1899. In 1900 he gradu- 
ated from the New York Law School 
with the degree of Bachelor of Laws, and 
was at once admitted to the bar. He 
gained a legal experience in the offices 



of Tracy, Boardman & Piatt, of New 
York City, where he continued three 
years, at the end of which period he be- 
came a member of the law firm of 
Murphy, Curry & Gannon. After one 
year the senior partner withdrew, and the 
firm became Gannon & Curry, and in 
1907 was formed a new law partnership 
under the style of Gannon, Seirbert & 
Riggs. This association has enjoyed a 
liberal share of the law practice of the 
metropolis. He is a member of the 
Roman Catholic church, with his family, 
and is independent of party dictation in 
political action. He is a member of the 
American Bar Association, New York 
Bar Association, and the Association of 
the Bar of the City of New York, of the 
Lawyers' Club of New York City, Rich- 
mond Country Club, Staten Island 
Cricket Club, Catholic Club, Westchester 
Golf Club and the Mummers, and of the 
Xavier Alumni Association, Xavier So- 
dality, and Friendly Sons of St. Patrick. 
He married, April 5, 1910, Frances, 
daughter of Michael Foley, of New Jer- 
sey, and they are the parents of two chil- 
dren: Frank Stanislaus (3), born July, 
1912, at St. George. Staten Island, and 
Marietta, born August, 1913, in Living- 
ston, Staten Island. The home of the 
family is now on Bard avenue, Living- 
ston, Staten Island. 



CHASE, Austin C, 

Man of Affairs. 

The phenomenal growth of many 
American cities is due, in large measure, 
to the enterprise and intense energy of a 
comparatively small number of men. 
To them is due the inception of work that 
employs thousands, and the organization 
and continuance of those great combina- 
tions which set industry to work on the 
vast material resources of the country. 
In their imagination first take shape 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



those movements which are the steps of 
progress, and many of the developments 
along the higher levels of human 
achievement are made possible by the 
immensity of the flood of business at the 
present day. Of such men, whose acts 
have been written large over their home 
town, Austin C. Chase may be considered 
typical. 

Austin C. Chase, who at the present 
time (1915), although eighty-one years 
old, is in his usual health and spirits, 
actively engaged in business, serving as 
trustee and advisor of the Chase Motor 
Truck Company. He was born in the 
town of Whitefield, New Hampshire, 
November 16, 1834. He attended the 
common schools of the neighborhood, and 
when seventeen years of age, being am- 
bitious and resolute, he went to Boston, 
Massachusetts, to learn the trade of 
piano maker, and when twenty-one years 
of age removed to Syracuse, New York, 
where he began the sale and manufacture 
of musical instruments, which business 
he continued for thirty years, in connec- 
tion with many other lines of thought 
and work. He was an extensive builder, 
having erected large blocks and very 
many dwellings, and he also developed 
one of the finest tracts in Syracuse for 
first-class residential purposes, on Univer- 
sity Hill. He has also been an extensive 
farmer, owning the old homestead at 
Whitefield, New Hampshire, where he 
spends his summers, and on which he has 
made extensive improvements, and he js 
also the owner of one of the finest farms 
in Onondaga county, New York, com- 
prising six hundred and fifty acres, 
whereon is to be found the finest thor- 
oughbred stock. In July, 1882, he was 
elected president of the Chilled Plow 
Company, when that institution was in 
very straightened circumstances and its 
afifairs in an unsatisfactory condition, and 
under his management it was placed on 



a firm footing, paid very satisfactory 
dividends and its business was largely 
increased. In addition to this position of 
trust, Mr. Chase was appointed trustee 
and advisor of the Chase Motor Truck 
Company, trustee and vice-president of 
the Syracuse Savings Bank, president of 
the Lakeside Boulevard Association, 
president of the Homoeopathic Hospital, 
trustee of the Onondaga Orphan Asy- 
lumn trustee of St. Joseph's Hospital, 
trustee of the New York State Experi- 
ment Station, superintendent of the 
State Fair, treasurer and member of the 
executive board of the New York State 
Agricultural Society, member of the 
executive committee of the New York 
State Board of Trade, chairman of the 
finance committee of the Bureau of Labor 
and Charities, member of the Chamber of 
Commerce of New York State, member 
of the Republican Club of New York 
City, supervisor of the Sixth Ward in 
1875, but resigned in 1880 to accept the 
position of postmaster of Syracuse, in 
which capacity he served for almost nine 
}ears ; and inspector of rifle practice, with 
the rank of lieutenant-colonel, on the 
Sixth Division Staflf, New York State 
National Guard. From childhood Mr. 
Chase was a devotee at the shrine of 
music, and no one has ever done more — 
few as much — to raise the standard or 
educate the general public to a better 
appreciation of that which is best and 
most elevating in this line, giving freely of 
his time and money to make it possible 
for the music-loving public to listen to 
the works of the great masters. Mr. 
Chase is a man of genial attributes and 
kindly ways, and throughout his entire 
career has had the general good of the 
community ever at heart. 

Mr. Chase married (first) September 
14, 1859, Harriet M. Stevens, born May 
22, 1834, daughter of George Stevens, of 
Syracuse, New York. She died March 



79 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



23, 1866. Mr. Chase married (second) 
July 3, 1867, Lavina Bunton, born August 
19, 1843. Children of first wife: Henry 
M. ; Carleton A., born in Syracuse, New- 
York, November 25, 1864; William G. ; 
and Orrin N. 



VAN WYCK, Augustus, 

Iiawyer, Jurist, Political Leader. 

Augustus Van Wyck, former Supreme 
Court Justice of New York, and now a 
leader of the bar in Greater New York, 
derives those qualities which have made 
him preeminent in his profession, and a 
leader in various lines of endeavor, from 
a multitude of ancestors many of whom 
belonged to the early Dutch families 
which settled in that section. He is de- 
scended from Samuel Maverick and Gen- 
eral Robert Anderson, two distinguished 
representatives of Southern families, who 
settled in South Carolina soon after 1630, 
and through his mother he inherits those 
softer qualities which distinguish South- 
ern families, thus combining the practical 
strength of the Northland and the charm- 
ing manners of the South. Through the 
various intermarriages down through the 
generations the present descendants of 
the Van Wyck family are connected with 
most of the old and aristocratic families 
of early New York, including those of Van 
Cortlandt, Livingston, Van Rensselaer, 
Beekman, Hewlett, Lefferts, Lot, Loril- 
lard, Ludlow, Polhemus, Governor Sey- 
mour and Chancellor James Kent, Stuy- 
vesant. Van Vechten, Ver Plant and 
others. The name Van Wyck is one of 
the many Dutch place names, indicating 
the point whence the immigrant came to 
America. 

The first in this country was Cornelius 
Barentse (son of Barent), who was de- 
scribed in the early Dutch records as 
Van Wyck, that is, from Wyck, a hamlet 
in North Brabant, Holland. He came to 



America in 1650, settled at Flatbush, was 
a member of the Dutch colony there in 
1677, and took the oath of allegiance to 
the English government in 1687. He was 
descended from Chevalier Hendrick Van 
Wyck, who lived in 1400. In 1575 Jan 
Van Wyck of the council of Utrecht mar- 
ried Wyander Van Asch, the last of that 
family. She received her brother's prop- 
erty provided her descendants would join 
the family arms and carry the name Van 
Asch Van Wyck. (A descendant, Robert 
Anderson Van Wyck, was first mayor of 
Greater New York). From her son Jacob, 
born at Utrecht, 1584, died 1635, married 
Anna Van Rynevelt, the whole Protestant 
branch of Van Wycks descend. 

Theodorus Van Wyck, son of Cornelius 
Barentse Van Wyck, was born Septem- 
ber 19, 1668, resided at Great Neck, Long 
Island, and was an extensive land holder, 
especially in Flushing and Hempstead. 
He was justice of the peace under the 
king, supervisor of Queens county in 
1726, and again justice in 1745. He pre- 
sented the first registry book to St. 
George's Protestant Episcopal Parish of 
Hempstead, Long Island, and, like many 
of the Dutch settlers of that day, gave 
support for a time to this church until a 
Dutch church was organized in his 
vicinity, at Jamaica. He married, April 
29, 1693. Margareta, daughter of Abra- 
ham and Altie (Stryker) BrinckerhoflF, of 
Newtown, and granddaughter of Joris 
and Susanna Brinckerhofif. Their son, 
Barent Van Wyck, born March 4, 1703, 
died January, 1750, settled at East 
Woods, now Woodbury, Long Island, 
where he had a large tract of land, and 
was one of the firm supporters of the 
Dutch church. He married, November 
12, 1727, Hannah, daughter of Thomas 
Carman, born 1704, died June 9, 1760. 
Their third son, Samuel Van Wyck, born 
August 4. 1735. died November 6, 1810, 
was, with his brother, Abraham, a banker 




^yT^^-y^^^-^t^^^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of Long Island, and served as assessor of 
Oyster Bay. He married, August 30, 
1766, Hannah, daughter of Captain John 
and Hannah (Jackson) Hewlett, born 
July 25, 1733, died Alay 16, 1808. His 
brother, Captain Abraham, Van Wyck, 
was a member of the Provincial Militia, 
and his sword is still preserved at his 
homestead at West Neck, Long Island. 
He married Elizabeth Wright, and their 
daughter Zeruah vowed slTe would never 
change her name, and kept her vow by 
marrying her cousin, Abraham Van 
W^yck, the next mentioned. 

Abraham Van Wyck, eldest child of 
Samuel and Hannah (Hewlett) Van 
Wyck, was born October 21, 1767, and 
died January 30, 1852, at West Neck. He 
had a large tract of land at Clason Point, 
on the main land of New York, but after 
his marriage to his cousin, Zeruah Van 
Wyck, January 24, 1790, above men- 
tioned, he sold his farm for five thousand 
pounds, and removed to West Neck, 
where he purchased from his uncle and 
father-in-law. Captain Abraham Van 
Wyck, his homestead, for which he paid 
ten thousand dollars. This estate em- 
braced five hundred acres, and at that 
time about thirty slaves were employed 
in its cultivation. 

William Van Wyck, youngest son of 
Abraham and Zeruah (Van Wyck) Van 
Wyck, was born January 24, 1803, and 
died June 30, 1867. He resided in New 
York City, was a distinguished lawyer, 
often in the public service, and a judicial 
officer. He married, in 1833, Lydia An- 
derson Maverick, of South Carolina, born 
in Charleston, in 1814, daughter of Sam- 
uel and Elizabeth (Anderson) Maverick, 
granddaughter of General Robert Ander- 
son, a distinguished soldier in the War of 
the Revolution, and a public officer of the 
State of South Carolina for over thirty 
years, the county of Anderson being 
named in his honor, and a descendant of 

NY-VolIV-6 8] 



John Maverick, who was among the earli- 
est settlers of Charleston, and whose 
brother, Samuel Maverick, settled in Bos- 
ton in 1630. Members of the family were 
prominent in the affairs of New York 
when it passed into the possession of the 
Duke of York, and the Southern branch 
of the family has been extremely promi- 
nent in several States. Samuel Maverick, 
father of Mrs. Van Wyck, was born at 
Charleston, South Carolina, in 1772, and 
his wife was born at Pendleton, Anderson 
county. South Carolina. Children: Samuel 
Maverick, M. D., died 1861 ; William, died 
1887; Zeruah, married Charles Banks, 
of New York; Abraham; Mary; and a 
second Abraham, died in infancy; Au- 
gustus and Robert A., who receive further 
mention in this work ; Lydia Ann Maver- 
ick, married General Robert Hoke, of 
Raleigh, North Carolina ; Benjamin 
Stevens, a physician, died in 1888. 

Augustus Van Wyck was fitted for 
college at Philips Exeter Academy, and 
graduated with high honors from the 
University of North Carolina. Immedi- 
ately after his admittance to the bar, he 
entered upon the practice of the law in 
New York City, where he quickly gained 
clients and a prominent position. Very 
early in life he took an interest in political 
afifairs, and in New York City he became 
head of the reorganized Democracy, 
which movement led to the nomination 
of Grover Cleveland for Governor. Mr. 
Van Wyck conducted the campaign 
which resulted in Mr. Cleveland's elec- 
tion, and for twelve years the power of 
Democracy thus regained continued in 
the State. Mr. Van Wyck was a delegate 
to the National Convention, representing 
Kings county, and through his influence 
the delegates from that section remained 
firm in support of Mr. Cleveland for the 
presidential nomination, and thus se- 
cured that happy result. Again Mr. Van 
Wyck took charge of the campaign which 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



resulted in the triumph of his candidate. 
Subsequently he was elected to the 
bench, and continued as justice of the 
Supreme Court until he resigned to be- 
come the standard bearer of his party in 
the State campaign, as a candidate against 
Theodore Roosevelt for Governor. Judge 
Van Wyck was especially fitted by nature 
and training for his position upon the 
bench, which was most congenial to him, 
and it was with regret that he left it, but 
was compelled to do so by his sense of 
duty to his party, as he seemed to be the 
only available candidate in that campaign. 
After the close of the campaign he re- 
sumed his practice at the bar, and has 
since vigorously and successfully con- 
tinued in charge of many important cases. 
He has refused several nominations 
which would have restored him to the 
bench, and can now be seen daily in our 
courts conducting a general practice. 
He occupies a high position before all the 
courts of the State, both trial and appel- 
late, as well as the United States courts. 
Judge Van Wyck was chief counsel for 
Senator Conger in the trial of his charges 
against Senator Allds, who was im- 
peached by the State Senate, and secured 
the latter's conviction, which is a most 
unique exception to the usual result of 
such trials, to the great and lasting honor 
of the Senate of the State. Less than 
three months before the trial. Senator 
Allds had been elected as president pro 
tern, of the Senate, which clothed him with 
all the powers of leadership of what was 
then the majority party. Judge Van 
Wyck has always been active in educa- 
tional, charitable, church and social 
work, and has served as trustee of 
schools, collegiate institutions, and hos- 
pitals, and a leading lay member of the 
standing committee of the diocese of 
Long Island of the Protestant Episcopal 
church. He has also been very active in 
many social organizations, acting as 



president of the New York Holland So- 
ciety, the Southern Society, the North 
Carolina Society, the South Carolinians, 
and the New York Alumni Association 
of North Carolina University. While in 
college he was active in Greek letter 
societies, and has served as grand master 
of the Zeta Psi fraternity of North 
America. He was president of the New 
England Society of Brooklyn, and is a 
member of many clubs, including the 
Lincoln, Oxford, Brooklyn, Crescent 
Athletic, Hamilton and Montauk clubs 
of Brooklyn, and the Lawyers', Manhat- 
tan, and National Democratic clubs of 
Manhattan. He has always been ready 
to give of his time and counsel in the 
interests of the Democratic party, has 
attended many local State and National 
conventions, and in the National Con- 
vention of 1900 he was selected as New 
York's member of the platform commit- 
tee. He has ever urged what seemed to 
him as the most advanced and practical 
action of the party, and at the National 
Convention of 1900 he held the platform 
committee in consecutive session for 
about fourteen hours, in the discussion of 
his views in the interest of harmonizing 
his party upon the platform. For many 
years Judge Van Wyck was a member 
of the Democratic State Committee, and 
he has participated in many struggles for 
the attainment of high ideals. In 1909 
he suggested a plan for the restoration 
of his party to power in Kings county, 
and at great sacrifice on his part he 
accepted the chairmanship of the com- 
mittee, which was unanimously tendered 
him by the regular county and district 
leaders. This resulted in the election of 
the local ticket, and contributed to the 
election of Judge Gaynor as mayor of 
New York City. The New York State 
League, which was modelled upon his 
plan for Kings county, was very helpful 
in achieving success of the State ticket 




(J^J^i'^-^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



in the succeeding year, and in this organi- 
zation Judge Van Wyck acted as a pri- 
vate. Judge Van Wyck has a most exten- 
sive acquaintance in all parts of the coun- 
try, and in every circle he is welcomed as 
a congenial and able public man. 

His devotion to his principles has cost 
the jurisprudence of New York State the 
loss of an able judge. 

Judge Van Wyck married Leila G. 
Wilkins, of Richmond, Virginia, and they 
have two children : William Van Wyck, 
formerly assistant district attorney of 
Kings county ; and Leila Grey, the wife 
of James W. Osborne, of New York City, 
formerly assistant district attorney of 
New York county. 



VAN WYCK, Robert Anderson, 

First Mayor of Greater New York. 

Robert Anderson Van Wyck, sixth son 
of William and Lydia Anderson (Maver- 
ick) Van Wyck, of New York City, was 
born in 1849, '" New York. He was 
prepared for college at the celebrated 
Wilson Academy in North Carolina, and 
later graduated from Columbia College, 
New York, as valedictorian of his class. 
His earlier years were spent in banking 
and mercantile pursuits, after which he 
prepared for the practice of law, and for 
many years has enjoyed a large and 
lucrative practice in New York city. In 
18S9 he was elected a judge of the City 
Court, and became presiding judge of that 
court. In November, 1897, he was elected 
mayor of Greater New York at the first 
election held under its charter. The task 
which confronted him as chief executive 
of the several combined boroughs forming 
the greater city was a gigantic one, but 
he brought order out of what seemed 
almost like chaos. The interests of the 
various municipal corporations involved 
were harmonized and adjusted, and under 
Mayor Van Wyck's administration was 



constructed the first subway raihoad in 
Manhattan, and provision was a.ade for 
the construction of the tunnel to Brook- 
lyn, and the first subway in that borough. 
He was also an advocate c* greater bridge 
facilities connecting the boroughs of 
Brooklyn and Manhattan, and the further 
extension of tunnels under both rivers 
bordering the latter. He had long been 
active in political affairs, attending many 
conventions. State and national. By tak- 
ing advantage of a division of forces in 
the National Convention, he and a few 
others without organized political back- 
ing secured the nomination of General 
Winfield Scott Hancock as the Demo- 
cratic candidate for President of the 
United States, in 1880. Judge Van Wyck 
is pleasantly and prominently identified 
with social institutions, has been presi- 
dent of the Holland Society, a member of 
many social clubs, and prominent in 
Masonic circles, affiliating with the An- 
cient Lodge of New York City. He is 
very fond of traveling, and has indulged 
in that pleasure to a large extent, accom- 
panied by his estimable wife. 

The brothers Augustus and Robert A. 
\'an Wyck have both been highly hon- 
ored by their fellow citizens, and m,aintain 
a most constant intimate and aiTectionate 
association. 



83 



DONOHUE, Florince O., M. D., 

Physician, Sanitationist, Author. 

Among all the vocations that con- 
tribute to the welfare and happiness of 
mankind, none stands in closer relation- 
ship than the medical profession, for to 
be of any great use to himself or the 
world at large it is quite necessary that 
a man should possess a "sound mind in 
a sound body." While there have been 
instances of genius making itself known, 
and even accomplishing what seemed to 
be its complete mission, under adverse 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



physical conditions, still the question is 
always open as to the amount of good 
which might have been achieved without 
the handicap of weakness. Therefore, the 
man who chooses as his lifework the task 
of promoting the physical well being of 
his fellowmen performs a mission the 
result of which is too far reaching to be 
estimated by the amount of suffering re- 
lieved. Prominent among the members 
of the medical profession in Syracuse, 
New York, is Florince O. Donohue, M. 
D., ex-president of the State Board of 
Health, and who has filled a number of 
other offices of equal importance and re- 
sponsibility. He is a son of Cornelius 
and Ellen Donohue, both natives of Ire- 
land, who came to this country in 1847, 
the former dying here in 1900, and his 
wife in 1907. Mr. Donohue was a well 
known merchant of Syracuse in his day. 
Florince O. Donohue, M. D., was born 
in Syracuse, New York, October 8, 1850. 
As a lad he attended the public schools 
of the city. When he reached the age of 
nine years his parents removed to the 
town of Onondaga, where he went to 
school winters and worked on the farm 
summers until 1869, after which he spent 
two years in Onondaga Academy and one 
year at Cazenovia Seminary, alternating 
with terms of teaching at Navarino and 
Onondaga Hill. Being endowed with 
mental qualifications of exceptional 
strength and activity, and possessing 
scholarly attributes of a high order, he 
had by this time thoroughly equipped 
himself for college, and also earned suffi- 
cient money to pay his own way, and 
having decided on medicine as a profes- 
sion he entered the Medical Department 
of Syracuse University in 1874 and re- 
mained two years, living in the meantime 
with Dr. W. W. Porter, under whose able 
tutelage he supplemented his studies with 
hard work. In 1876 he entered Long 
Island College Hospital and was gradu- 



ated therefrom in 1877 with high honors. 
Since then he has been in constant prac- 
tice in Syracuse, where he has won 
unusual success and wide professional 
recognition both at home and abroad. 

Dr. Donohue, being an enthusiast in 
every branch of his profession, has mas- 
tered its mysteries with commendable 
persistency, and as an obstetrician has, 
perhaps, gained his highest renown, 
though his knowledge of medicine and 
surgery is fully as extensive and practical. 
He became a member of the New York 
State Medical Association on November 
20, 1884, and in October, 1885, was elected 
a delegate from that body to the British 
Medical Association, of which he has 
been a member thirty years, and took part 
in its deliberations in 1886 and again in 
1889. He is a member of the Onondaga 
County Medical Society and the Amer- 
ican Medical Association, served as presi- 
dent of the Syracuse Medical Association 
two years, and has been president of the 
Syracuse Academy of Medicine. On Oc- 
tober 31, 1889, he was appointed a mem- 
ber of the Syracuse Board of Health, and 
on November 26, of the same year, was 
appointed one of the State Commissioners 
of Health, by Governor David B. Hill. 
His term on the State Board expired in 
February, 1892, and in the following July 
he was reappointed by Governor Roswell 
P. Flower. At the first meeting there- 
after he was elected president of the 
board, and was reelected to that position 
three successive years, the last time just 
prior to the expiration of his term of 
membership, in June, 1895. In 1892 he 
was appointed by President Harrison a 
member of the United States Pension 
Board of Surgeons, and is still president 
of this body. President McKinley ap- 
pointed him special United States 
Medical Examiner of Central New York 
State, and he is still the incumbent of this 
office. In May, 1894, he was appointed 



84 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



by Governor Flower a member of a 
special commission of five to investigate 
the prevalence and distribution of tuber- 
culosis in the milk supply of the State 
and report thereon. This commission re- 
ported and went out of existence in Janu- 
ary, 1895, at which time Dr. Donohue was 
its secretary and chief executive ofificer. 
The Legislature then passed a law which 
provided that two members of the State 
Board of Health should be appointed to 
continue the investigation, thus creating 
the New York State Commission of 
Tuberculosis, of which Dr. Donohue was 
made chairman, and is still in office. In 
1906 he was elected president of the 
American Anti-Tuberculosis League at 
Atlantic City. He was a mem-ber of the 
local Board of Health, having been ap- 
pointed by Mayor Kirk in 18S9. 

Dr. Donohue occupies a foremost posi- 
tion among the leading physicians and 
surgeons of Central New York. He is a 
writer of force and ability on a wide 
range of medical subjects and has con- 
tributed numerous articles to the leading 
medical journals of the country. He is 
the author of the "Report of the Special 
State Commission of Tuberculosis ;" 
"The Progress of the Science and Art 
of Obstetrics ;" "A Retrospect of Medi- 
cine and Report of the Proceedings of the 
International Medical Congress of Mos- 
cow," 1897; and numerous papers on 
tuberculosis. In all official capacities he 
has been fearless, effective and useful, 
and locally he is always alive to the needs 
of the city, not only from a sanitary 
standpoint, but in a general way. He is 
public-spirited, progressive and popular, 
respected and esteemed by friends and 
opponents alike, and enjoys to the fullest 
extent the confidence of both the profes- 
sion and of the public. 

Dr. Donohue married, September 27, 
1877, Lucy A. Moseley* who died in 
1905, a daughter of the late William T. 



Moseley, and a granddaughter of Judge 
Daniel Moseley, whose career in the 
jurisprudence of the State, and especially 
in this county, is detailed elsewhere in 
this work. 



CONKLIN, William Rowe, 

Laxiryer, Man of Affairs. 

The Conklin or Conkling family is 
among the oldest in New York, having 
Ipcated in Long Island as early as the 
middle of the seventeenth century. John 
Conklin came from England in 1638 and 
settled at Salem, Massachusetts, whence 
he removed in 1650 to Easthampton, 
Long Island. Annanias Conklin, who 
came to Salem and Easthampton at the 
same time, is supposed to have been his 
son. John Conklin received a grant of 
land at Salem, May 30, 1649, and con- 
tinued to own it until 1683, when he 
deeded it to his son, John. The elder 
was residing at that time in Huntington, 
Long Island. While in Eastham.pton he 
lived in the section known as "Hasha- 
mommuck," and was subject to the colony 
of Connecticut, which made him and his 
son, John, freemen in 1662. John Conk- 
lin, Jr.,was born in 1630 in Nottingham- 
shire, England, and died April 6, 1694, in 
Southold, New York, as shown by his 
gravestone. He was the father of Nicho- 
las Conklin, born 1661, in Easthampton, 
and lived in East Chester, New York. 
John Conklin, son of the last named, was 
born in 1700 in East Chester, and located 
at Haverstraw, New York, about the time 
of attaining his majority. His son, Nicho- 
las Conklin, was born in 1724 at Haver- 
straw, and died at Cochecton, Sullivan 
county. New York, in 1815. He was the 
father of John Conklin, born May 8. 1756, 
at Haverstraw, died in Cochecton, April 
15, 1856. 

William A. Conklin. son of John Conk- 
lin, was born March 3, 1787, at Cochec- 



85 



ENCYCLOf EDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ton, died in Conklin, New York, in 1850. 
George Conklin, son of William A. Conk- 
lin, was born January 22, 1822, in Conk- 
lin, died in New York City in 1901. He 
lived for some years at Amenia, Dutchess 
county, New York, where his son. Wil- 
liam Balis Conklin, was born June 24, 
1844. In 1876 the latter moved to New 
York City, and continued to reside there 
until his death, November 26, 1915. He 
was president of the Orange County Milk 
Association, and treasurer of the Ocma 
Realty Company of New York. He mar- 
ried Helen, daughter of Clinton and Mary 
(Rowe) Rowe. 

William Rowe Conklin, son of William 
Balis and Helen (Rowe) Conklin, was 
born March 2, 1876, at Amenia, and came 
to New York City with his parents when 
three months old. He attended the public 
schools of New York in childhood, was 
later a student at the Condon private 
school on Fifth avenue in the city, and 
entered Williams College, Williamstown, 
Massachusetts, in 1896. Four years later 
he was graduated with the degree of A. 
B., and immediately entered the New 
York Law School, from which he was 
graduated with the degree of LL. B. in 
1902. In the same year he was admitted 
to the New York bar, and entered the law 
ofSce of Frederic J. Swift, on Broadway, 
New York, where he continued until 
May, 1906. Following that he engaged in 
practice independently, with offices at 
No. 100 Broadway, until May, 191 1, when 
he formed a law partnership with John 
Reid, Jr., under the title of Conklin & 
Reid. This firm has since engaged in 
general practice, devoting especial atten- 
tion to surrogate and real estate law. Mr. 
Conklin succeeded his father as president 
of the Orange County Milk Association, 
and is active in real estate operations, be- 
ing treasurer of the Ocma Realty Com- 
pany. He has had much to do in handling 
large estates in his surrogate practice. 



such as the Rockefeller properties and 
others of that class, and has gained a high 
reputation in that line of legal work. He 
is attorney and counsel for the village of 
Great Neck Estates, Long Island, and has 
devoted much time to philanthropic and 
religious works. He is a member of the 
Fifth Avenue Baptist Church of New 
York, secretary of its board of trustees, 
a member of the executive committee of 
the New York City Baptist Mission So- 
ciety, and of the advisory committee of 
the Baptist Home for the Aged. He is 
also a member of the law committee of 
the Northern Baptist Convention. He is 
a member of the Association of the Bar of 
New York, and of the Phi Delta Pheta 
college fraternity and the Williams Col- 
lege club of New York. Mr. Conklin is 
a steadfast supporter of Republican prin- 
ciples and policies in the management of 
public affairs, but has always avoided any 
official station. 

He married, September 16, 1909, at 
Great Neck, New York, Anna Lulu Dick- 
erson, granddaughter of the late Commo- 
dore John S. Dickerson, of the New York 
Yacht Club. Mr. and Mrs. Conklin are 
the parents of two sons, William Dicker- 
son, born December 22, 191 1, and Frank 
B., December 17, 1914. 



CALDWELL, George B., 

Expert Accountant, Financier. 

Although of New York birth, parentage 
and ancestry, Mr. Caldwell, from the age 
of five years, has spent his life outside his 
native State, returning in 1915, weighted 
with business honors gained in many 
fields of activity. As clerk, bookkeeper, 
state accountant, national bank examiner 
and banker, he has had an experience 
most unusual for a man of his years ; an 
experience that particularly fits him for 
the position he returned to New York to 
fill, president of the Sperry & Hutchinson 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Company, the pioneer profit sharing and 
largest premium giving company in the 
world. 

Mr. Caldwell is one of a number of men 
who have been called from positions of 
trust and responsibility in the West to 
manage large New York City enterprises, 
and he is one of the men whose names 
carry weight in banking and business 
circles from coast to coast. There is 
something inspiring in the life history of 
George B. Caldwell, who, beginning at 
the bottom of the ladder, has won to such 
a position of eminence in the business 
world that his speech at the third annual 
convention of the Investment Bankers' of 
America was published in all the large 
papers of the country, and as a message 
to the business men of America was so 
strong, so full of encouragement and 
optimism, that it marked the turn of 
public sentiment for the better. 

His father, Charles Melville Caldwell, 
born at Jamestown, Chautauqua county, 
New York, became a substantial farmer 
of that county. But in 1868 he moved to 
Ionia county, Michigan, where he in- 
vested in land and continued prosperous 
and prominent until his death at the age 
of sixty-two years. He was a member of 
the religious body. Disciples of Christ, 
was affiliated with the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows and with the Knights of 
Pythias, and was an ardent supporter of 
the Democratic party. His wife, Mary 
Ann (Kelner) Caldwell, born at Elyria, 
Ohio, died at the age of thirty-six years, 
the mother of two sons and three daugh- 
ters. 

George B. Caldwell, eldest child of 
Charles Melville and Mary Ann (Kelner) 
Caldwell, was born at Dunkirk, New 
York, August 24. 1863. and at the age of 
five years was taken by his parents to 
Ionia county, Michigan. His early edu- 
cation was obtained in Ionia public 



schools and at Greenville High School 
was finished, save for a course in com- 
mercial college at Grand Rapids, com- 
pleted by graduation in 1881. He taught 
school the winter following his gradu- 
ation, then brought his talents, his energy 
and his ambition to the business world, 
his first position being as clerk in a hard- 
ware store at Greenville, Michigan. One 
year was passed in that capacity, then 
being offered a position as bookkeeper in 
the City National Bank of Greenville, he 
accepted the offer. He was soon prc>- 
moted teller of the bank, a position he 
held until his resignation in 1888. 

These years with the bank had been 
extremely busy years and crowded with 
success outside his banking duties. In 
1884 he was elected city clerk, and in 
1886 he established the first electric light 
plant in Greenville, a public utility that 
he afterward sold at a substantial profit. 
After resigning his position with the 
Greenville bank, he located in Grand 
Rapids and there became cashier and 
chief accountant for Tucker, Hoops & 
Company, one of the largest lumber 
manufacturing and wholesale lumber 
dealing firms in Michigan, operating mills 
at Chase and Luther, Michigan. For two 
years he was chief accountant for this 
great firm, resigning his position in 1900 
after his appointment as State Accountant 
by George W. Stone, State Auditor of 
Michigan. During his two years service 
as State accountant, 1900-1902, Mr. Cald- 
well established a uniform system of ac- 
counting in all State institutions, boards 
and commissions. 

Mr. Caldwell had won even more than 
state-wide reputation for his efficiency in 
handling State accounting, and in 1893 
he was appointed national bank examiner 
by James H. Eckles. then United States 
comptroller of the currency. He made 
his headquarters at Detroit during his 



87 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



term as national bank examiner, a posi- 
tion he held until March, 1899, a period 
of six years. These years had been of 
inestimable value to the young man not 
only in giving him the closest possible 
connection with national banking and 
financiering but in widening his acquain- 
tance among financiers of national repu- 
tation. 

From 1899 uiitil 1902 he was assistant 
cashier of the Merchants' National Bank 
of Indianapolis. From 1902 until 1910 he 
was manager of the bond department of 
the American Trust Company and Sav- 
ings Bank of Chicago. In 1910 that insti- 
tution was merged with the Continental 
and Commercial Trust Company and 
Savings Bank, Mr. Caldwell continuing 
as manager of the bond department of the 
consolidated banks, which united formed 
one of the largest banking institutions in 
this country. 

With the year 1912, Mr. Caldwell 
reached executive position, being elected 
a vice-president of the bank he had so 
long served as manager of its bond de- 
partment. His peculiar qualifications for 
executive management were again recog- 
nied in 1912 by his election to the presi- 
dency of the newly organized Investment 
Bankers' Association of America, an as- 
sociation of the bond investment houses 
of the United States, which Mr. Caldwell 
had taken an active part in forming. He 
continued president of the association 
until November, 1914, when he resigned, 
and on December 1st, following, he offered 
his resignation as vice-president of the 
Continental and Commercial Trust and 
Savings Bank, having been elected presi- 
dent of the Sperry & Hutchinson Com- 
pany. He entered upon his duties as 
president of that great company, January 
I, 1915, and has since made New York 
City his home. 

The magnitude of the business of which 
Mr. Caldwell is the honored head is little 



realized, so great has been its develop- 
rnent and so rapid its growth. The Sperry 
& Hutchinson Company were the pio- 
neers in their system of profit sharing 
through premium giving, and it is esti- 
mated that more than one hundred mil- 
lions of dollars are employed in their 
business. The executive management of 
this vast business is a task not lightly 
to be assumed, but the years of training 
with great financial institutions and the 
great responsibilities he has heretofore 
successfully carried have thoroughly 
fitted Mr. Caldwell for that important 
duty. He is one of the able financiers 
and executives of his day and generation, 
and to experience he adds ability, energy, 
strength of character and a nobility of 
purpose that marks the well poised capa- 
ble leader of men. 

While a New York man by birth, he 
has a love for the county and State of his 
boyhood, youth and manhood years, and 
in his accumulation of real estate, Ionia 
county, Michigan, has been given a 
strong preference. His holding of land in 
that county is large and includes the 
homestead farm to which he was taken 
when a boy of but five years. 

He is a member of the Midday Club, 
the Union League, Oak Park Club, all of 
Chicago, and is past president of the last 
named; the Aldine Club and New York 
Athletic Club, also Baltusral Golf Club 
and Wykagyl Golf Club. He is a past 
president of the Michigan Society of 
Chicago, and is now president of the 
Michigan Society of New York, and is a 
member of both the Masonic and Knights 
of Pythias orders. He is a Congregational- 
ist in religious faith, and in politics an 
Independent. 

Mr. Caldwell married, in 1886, Lucy 
S. Patrick, of Ionia county, Michigan. 
They have a daughter, Helen Marie Cald- 
well. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



DURAND, John Ewing, 

Liawyer, Active in Conimniiity Affairs. 

Thoroughly conversant with the details 
of his profession, energetic in all his com- 
mercial transactions, as well as honorable 
and high minded in all the different 
phases of life, John Ewing Durand 
occupies an enviable position among his 
fellow citizens, who willingly accord to 
him a place in their front ranks, not alone 
for his many professional and business 
qualities, but for every trait that marks 
the true Christian gentleman and man of 
honor. 

The Durands of Rochester descend 
from Samuel Durand, an early Colonial 
settler of New England, where the line 
is traced for two and a half centuries. 
The first of this branch to settle in 
Rochester was Frederick L. Durand, a 
lawyer, in 1845, coming from the State 
of Connecticut. He practiced law at the 
Monroe county bar from 1845 until his 
death in 1903, leaving to his two sons, 
John E. and Harrison C, an unsullied 
name. He married Lydia W. Powers, a 
native of Vermont, descended from one 
of the oldest families of that State, and 
a stepdaughter of Judge William Buell. 
They were the parents of four children, 
John E. Durand being the only surviving 
member of the family. 

John E. Durand was born in Rochester, 
New York, February 5, 1856, son of that 
distinguished lawyer and citizen, Fred- 
erick L. Durand and his wife, Lydia W. 
(Powers) Durand. Reared in the city of 
his nativity, Mr. Durand was a student 
in the Satterlee Collegiate Institute and 
the Wilson Grammar School. Subse- 
quently he attended Yale and was gradu- 
ated on the completion of a successful 
course, class of 1876. He was a member 
of the Delta Kappa Epsilon (Yale). Tak- 
ing up the study of law with his father 



he entered upon active practice as his 
father's partner, which connection con- 
tinued until the death of Frederick L. 
Durand in 1903, since which time he has 
practiced alone, much of his time being 
given, however, to the management of 
large estates and other legal work of this 
nature, as well as to the care of his per- 
sonal holdings and investments. 

Mr. Durand is a director in the Roches- 
ter Trust & Safe Deposit Company, presi- 
dent of Brick Church Institute, a charter 
member of the Genesee Valley Club, of 
Rochester, and belongs to Frank R. Law- 
rence Lodge, No. 797, Ancient Free and 
Accepted Masons, and Hamilton Chapter, 
Royal Arch Masons. He is a member 
of the Kent Club, composed of prominent 
attorneys of Rochester, the Rochester 
Historical Society and the University and 
Country clubs of Rochester. His re- 
ligious faith is indicated by his member- 
ship in the Brick (Presbyterian) Church, 
and his devotion to the public welfare is 
manifested by his active cooperation in 
many movements and measures for the 
public good. For many years he served 
as a member of the Board of Park Com- 
missioners for Rochester, in which con- 
nection he accomplished much in beauti- 
fying and improving the city through its 
great park system. 

He has also been active and helpful in 
the cause of education, serving as com- 
missioner of schools for some years. He 
is a trustee of the Industrial School, the 
objects of which are to gather into the 
school destitute children, and to take care 
of young children through the day, while 
their mothers are at work. In fact, no 
good work done in the name of charity 
or religion seeks his cooperation in vain, 
and he brings to bear in his work of this 
character the same discrimination and 
thoroughness which are manifest in his 
business life. He stands to-day as a type 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of the American citizen whose interests 
are broad and whose labors are a mani- 
festation of a recognition of the respon- 
sibilities of wealth. 

In 1894 was celebrated the marriage of 
Mr. Durand and LilHe C. McConnell, 
daughter of Robert Y. McConnell, of 
Rochester. They have one son, Samuel 
Ewing, now at Yale. Mrs. Durand has 
also taken a prominent place in the vari- 
ous charitable and social activities of 
Rochester, serving on many boards, and 
giving of her time and means for the 
improvement of conditions of the poor. 
She occupies a leadership in social circles 
for which her grace and accomplishments 
eminently fit her. Their home is one of 
the principal centers of refined and culti- 
vated societv in Rochester. 



DURAND, Harrison C, 

Lumber Expert, Financier. 

For a quarter of a century Harrison C. 
Durand was identified with the lumber 
business in Rochester, the city of his 
birth, although the last three years of his 
life were largely spent in efforts to regain 
his health. He spent the winters of those 
years under California and Florida skies, 
hoping much from the balmy air and 
healthful conditions of those States, but 
the edict had gone forth and at the age of 
forty-eight years his earthly career closed. 

Harrison C. Durand, second son of 
Frederick L. and Lydia W. (Powers) 
Durand, was born in Rochester, August 
4, i860, died in his native city, November 
I, 1908. He was educated and prepared 
for college at Rochester Free Academy, 
entered the University of Rochester but 
before completing his course withdrew 
to enter business life. He chose the 
lumber industry as the line of activity 
he would engage in, and for twenty-five 
years followed closely the choice of his 
younger years. He became a lumber 



expert and as a business man and finan- 
cier ranked very high. For many years 
he was treasurer and general manager of 
the Hollister Lumber Company of 
Rochester, one of the largest and most 
important lumber companies of New 
York State. While highly regarded by his 
business associates and by all with whom 
he came in contact, Mr. Durand's warm 
social nature drew to him a large circle 
of true friends, attracted and held solely 
by a most pleasing personality combined 
with most manly qualities. He was a 
charter member of the Genesee Valley 
and the Rochester Country clubs, in both 
very popular and active. He met all the 
requirements of good citizenship and will 
long be remembered as an honorable, 
efficient business man, a true friend and 
a most companionable gentleman. 



MAHON, George S., Rev. 

Clergyman, Friend of Education, 

When appointed by the Rt. Rev. Bishop 
John Grimes, September 11, 1913, pastor 
of the Church of the Most Holy Rosary 
at Syracuse, Father Mahon was a priest 
without a parish. The boundaries of his 
territory were drawn shortly after his 
arrival, and on October 6 a site for a 
church selected and the work of organiz- 
ing a parish commenced. 

There was no hall or building within 
the confines of his parish in which he 
could bring his parishoners together, but 
that fact did not deter him in the least. 
Within eighteen working days a tempo- 
rary frame church with a seating capacity 
of six hundred was erected, many people 
cooperating to erect the building quickly, 
and the first mass celebrated, December 
8, 1913. The church was built before the 
congregation was organized. By the time 
two years had elapsed, an imposing brick 
edifice stood adjoining the site of the orig- 
inal frame structure. This new edifice, a 



90 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



combination church, school and social cen- 
ter for the parish, stands on Bellevue ave- 
nue, between Roberts and Hubble ave- 
nues, a site acknowledged to be one of the 
most beautiful in residential Syracuse, on 
Bellevue Heights, overlooking the city. 
Ground was broken for this new permanent 
structure, July 20, 1914, the cornerstone 
laid October 4, and the first services held 
in the edifice, March 25, 1915. The per- 
sonalit}- of the man who from practically 
nothing wrought such wondrous results 
in so short a time, becomes of interest as 
a man of exceptional executive ability, 
an organizer and an eloquent pulpit 
orator. 

George S. Mahon was born in Syra- 
cuse, New York, February i, i860, third 
child of Patrick Samson and Catherine 
(Foley) Mahon. who came from Ireland 
to the United States in 1848. Patrick S. 
Mahon was born in Drumsna, Leitrim, 
Ireland, in 1829, died at Oxford, New 
York, February 13, 1893. Catherine 
Foley was born near Boyle, Sligo, Ire- 
land, in 1830, died at Oxford, New York, 
July 22, 1894. Both are buried in the 
family plot at Fayetteville, New York. 
They came from Ireland at about the 
same time, met in Syracuse and were 
married in 1852. Shortly after his mar- 
riage Mr. Mahon obtained a position as 
engineer on the New York Central Rail- 
road, which position he held until 1862 
when he moved to Dry Hill, near Fayette- 
ville. Near there was the home of a 
young man who later was to receive 
from his fellow citizens the highest office 
within their gift, Grover Cleveland. They 
became fast friends and though rank and 
distance later widely separated them, 
their friendship was never broken save 
by death. In 1878 he went west and 
located in Harney county. Oregon, and in 
1880 his wife joined him there. They re- 
mained in Oregon until 1892 when, both 
having been seriously injured in an acci- 



dent, they expressed a desire to return 
to New York, that they might spend their 
declining days among friends and kindred. 
In the spring of that year, Father Mahon 
brought them to his home in Oxford 
where they spent the little time remain- 
ing them for earthly residence. Patrick 
Mahon was a good speaker, expressing 
himself forcibly and easily. He also was 
a writer of ability. Mrs. Mahon is re- 
membered in the neighborhood of Fay- 
etteville, where the family home was 
located, for her open mind and hand and 
her deep human sympathy. They had 
children : James F., John J., George S., 
William H., and Catherine, the latter 
dying in infancy. Although a personal 
friend of Grcver Cleveland and of Gov- 
ernor Horatio Seymour, Patrick Mahon 
never sought or held any political office. 
George S. Mahon acquired his early 
education in district schools, and in 1871, 
being then eleven years of age, he entered 
Manlius Union School and a year later 
became a student at Fayetteville Acad- 
emy where he was graduated, March 22, 
1878. During those years he gave evi- 
dence of the qualities made manifest in 
his later life. He excelled in oratory, 
mathematics and in history, his fellow 
students of the academy recognizing his 
merit by electing him president of the 
William Cullen Bryant Literary Society. 
After graduation from the academy he 
felt the call of the priesthood. His father, 
and his brothers. John J., James F. and 
William H., were settled in Oregon en- 
gaged in stock raising and farming. His 
mother had remained behind with her 
boy, but when he was well embarked 
upon his studies for the priesthood she 
too went west and left him alone. He 
entered Niagara University in the fall of 
1878 and there again excelled in history, 
literature and mathematics. He was 
graduated Bachelor of Arts in June, 1883, 
winning class honors. In 1886 his alma 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



mater conferred upon him the degree of 
Master of Arts. From his graduation in 
18S3 until his ordination to the priesi- 
hood he was pursuing his theological 
studies at the Seminary of Our Lady of 
Angels, Niagara University, and at St. 
Joseph's Provincial Seminar}', Troy, New 
York, which he entered in January, 1S84. 
There he was president of St. Joseph's 
Literary Society and otherwise won ap- 
preciation. Ha was ordained December 
18, 1886, by the Rt. Rev. Francis McNer- 
•ney, D. D.. Bishop of Albany. 

His first appointment was assistant to 
the pastor of Saint Mary's Church, Os- 
wego, New York, where he displayed a 
commendable zeal in his holy calling. A 
year later he w:is transferred to Saint 
Paul's Church, Whitesboro, as assistant 
to the pastor, Rev. John Grimes, later 
bishop of Syracuse. He spent sixteen 
months at Whitesboro, then was ap- 
pointed pastor of Saint Joseph's Church 
at Oxford, New York. Although the 
Catholic population of southern Chenan- 
go was widely scattered, Father Mahon 
labored zealously and was a true apostle 
of the church. At Greene he purchased 
and paid for the Catholic church within 
six weeks after his appointment. He 
labored in Oxford fourteen years, win- 
ning the love of his own people and the 
respect of all. There too he endured the 
sorrow of the loss of both parents whom 
he had brought from Oregon to end their 
days with him. 

Father Mahon always evinced particu- 
lar interest in the children of his parish 
and community. This interest in Oxford 
was expressed in a class to whom he 
offered, gratis, training in declamation 
and debate, Catholic and non-Catholic 
students alike availing themselves of his 
offer of tutelage. Soon the medals and 
prizes offered by Oxford and neighboring 
academies were being won by the stu- 
dents who had been instructed and de- 



veloped by him. From his class went 
out many who later became men of 
prominence in different professions, who 
acknowledge their debt to the training 
received from such an able and trained 
public speaker. 

At Oxford he practically reorganized 
the mission work of his field and won 
commendation for his earnest, successful 
efforts. On January 25, 1903, he was 
transferred to the church at Pompey and 
there his favorite interest found methods 
of expression. He labored for the cause 
of education with all his might and was 
elected president of the Board of Educa- 
tion, which position he held during the 
ten years of his pastorate in that historic 
town. His love of history found expres- 
sion in the staging of a series of annual 
historic celebrations which became fa- 
mous throughout all central and western 
New York. These celebrations were in 
the nature of tableaux: "The Coming of 
Father Le Moyne," "The Discovery of 
Salt in Salina," "The Irish Peddler," 
"Governor Seymour's Day," "Moses De 
Witt," "The Centennial Celebration of 
Pompey Academy," and others. Father 
Mahon also took up the fight against the 
lax sale of liquor in the towns of Pompey, 
Fabius and La Fayette, because of the 
great injury it was inflicting upon youth 
and manhood. He appealed to the people 
to refuse license privileges for the sale of 
liquor in their townships, and after a 
bitter contest no license prevailed and 
this has since been the law of that sec- 
tion. 

The twenty-fifth anniversary of his or- 
dination to the priesthood was marked by 
a most beautiful testimonial of the appre- 
ciation of his people. A purse of three 
thousand two hundred and fifty dollars 
was presented him to defray the expenses 
of a tour of Europe and the Holy Land. 
He spent the spring and summer of 1913 
in foreign lands, and upon his return was 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



notified of his appointment as pastor of 
the Church of the Alost Holy Rosary, 
Syracuse, New York. The results of his 
work there in the two years since ap- 
pointment have been remarkable. His 
parish has felt both the spiritual and 
temporal effects of his enthusiasm and 
have responded nobly to his eli'orts in 
their behalf. Plis interest in the children 
has provided a school wherein they may 
he trained for future usefulness. The 
cost of this building, fully equipped, was 
$125,000. The present estimated value of 
his church property is $250,000. Over 
four hundred pupils, now in daily attend- 
ance, are taught by ten Sisters of the 
Immaculate Heart of Mary. He also has 
charge of the House of Providence, 1164 
West Onondaga street, where some two 
hundred boys, mostly orphans, are cared 
for by twelve Sisters of St. Vincent de 
Paul. 

Striking in his personal appearance, 
powerful in denunciation of wrong, mas- 
ter of the art of pleading, a lover of chil- 
dren, he is the champion of righteousness 
and a fearless opponent of evil. His 
home is at the rectory, No. 1103 Bellevue 
avenue. His assistants are the Rev. 
Thomas H. Quinn and the Rev. Anthony 
J. Logan. 



CLARKE, John J., 

Civil W^ar Veteran, Real Estate Operator. 

John J. Clarke, treasurer of the county 
of Onondaga, is a native of England, 
born in Rochdale, in 1848, the youngest 
of a family of twelve children. His father, 
James Clarke, was a native of Ireland, a 
farmer, having charge of a large estate in 
England. His mother was Mary (Ma- 
loney) Clarke. 

John J. Clarke was very early made ac- 
quainted with the necessity of industry 
in sustaining one's self, and at the age of 
nine years entered a mill, where he con- 



tinued to be employed until 1861, when 
he came to America, being then thirteen 
years of age. For a time he resided in Mar- 
cellus, Onondaga county. New York, 
where he was engaged in the woolen fac- 
tory, making army cloth. At the early 
age of sixteen years he enlisted in the de- 
fence of his adopted country, September 
6, 1864, as a member of Company D, One 
Hundred and Eighty-lifth Regiment New 
York Volunteers. Only eight days after 
his enlistment this regiment arrived at 
the firing line in front of Petersburg, and 
young Clarke participated in all the 
battles succeeding that, around Peters- 
burg and Richmond, down to and includ- 
ing Appomattox. His regiment was de- 
tailed to receive the surrender of Lee's 
army. After peace was restored, young 
Clarke returned to Onondaga county, and 
worked on farms in the neighborhood of 
Skaneateles for three years, settling, in 
Syracuse in 1868. For the period of 
twenty-six years he was employed in the 
railway mail service, and resigned in 
1907, since which time he has engaged 
with success in the real estate business. 
He has always been prominent in Grand 
Army matters, and was junior vice-com- 
mander of Root Post, and commander in 
1911. 

Mr. Clarke has always been a loyal 
supporter of Republican principles and 
policies, and has taken an active part in 
the councils of his party. In 1908 he was 
a candidate for the nomination for the 
ofifice of county treasurer, but withdrew 
in favor of another, and the same con- 
ditions again obtained in 191 1. In 1914, 
in spite of the fierce opposition of the 
organization whom he had for so many 
years faithfully sustained, he won out in 
the Republican district primaries, and 
was triumphantly elected by a larger ma- 
jority than any other candidate on the 
ticket. He is a member of the Citizens' 
Club of Syracuse, the Republican Escort, 



93 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and the local lodge, Knights of Pythias. 
Mr. Clarke has constructed over two 
hundred thousand dollars worth of build- 
ings in Syracuse, and has contributed ma- 
terially to the advancement and welfare 
of the city, to whose best interests he is 
warmly devoted. 

Mr. Clarke married, in 1867, Mary Sul- 
livan, and their children are: Jesse W., 
born October 7, 1868; Percy, June, 1872, 
died in infancy; Teressa C, April 26, 
1874; Agnes, December 14, 1878; Frank 
D., June 28, 1882. 



HUBBARD, William A., Jr., 

Mannfactnrer, Financier. 

For sixty-five years the name of Hub- 
bard has been identified with the business 
interests of the city of Rochester, Wil- 
liam A. Hubbard, Sr., there locating in 
1851, passing to the reward of a long and 
well spent life in 1914, aged eighty-seven 
years, his son, William A. Hubbard, Jr., 
president of Hubbard, Eldredge & Miller, 
being the present representative of the 
family. The business career of William 
A. Hubbard, Sr., began at the age of 
fifteen years with a dry goods firm in 
New York City and terminated in Roches- 
ter with his retirement in 18S7. He was 
a pillar of strength to Washington Street, 
now Central Presbyterian Church, where 
for fifty-six years he led the prayer meet- 
ing singing and was a member of the 
choir for many years, his wife its leading 
soprano for twenty years, and both de- 
' voted in their interest in all departments 
of church work. Two strong Presby- 
terian churches of the city owe their in- 
ception to his conscientious work as a 
home missionary, and a record of his life 
reveals constant work in behalf of the 
Master he so truly served. 

William A. Hubbard was born at 
Ossinning, New York, October 5, 1826, 
died in Rochester, February 8, 1914. His 



school years terminated in 1841, and for 
the succeeding ten years he was in the 
employ of a dry goods jobbing house in 
New York City, rising from a lowly posi- 
tion to that of confidential clerk. In 
1 85 1, a young man of twenty-five years, 
he located in Rochester, becoming a 
member of the dry goods firm of Bar- 
tholomew & Hubbard, later, after Mr. 
Bartholomew's death, trading as Hub- 
bard & Torrance, still later as Hubbard 
& Northrop. In 1871, after a continuous 
connection of over twenty years, Mr. 
Hubbard retired from the dry goods busi- 
ness, but only to assume new duties. He 
formed an association with the Rochester 
Paper Company, continuing with that 
company until his retirement from all 
business activities in 1887. He was for 
many years a trustee of the East Side 
Savings Bank, and a member of the origi- 
nal board of directors of the Homoeo- 
pathic Hospital. He was a man of fine 
personal appearance, gifted in mind, pos- 
sessed keen powers of observation, was 
sympathetic and kindly by nature, benev- 
olent, upright and honorable. Fie was an 
ardent Abolitionist, an active temper- 
ance worker, and although deeply in- 
terested in public affairs and anxious for 
the success of the Republican party, 
which he supported for a lifetime, he 
never accepted ofifice for himself. He be- 
longed to the ]\Iasonic order and was a 
loyal Presbyterian. In 185 1 both he and 
his wife joined Washington Street Pres- 
byterian Church and both became mem- 
bers of the choir, and active workers in 
the Sunday school. Mr. Hubbard was 
also musical director of the Sunday 
school and prayer meeting service, his 
musical connection with the church cover- 
ing a period of over half a century. He 
was a trustee and elder for many years, 
giving to Central (as Washington Street 
Church was renamed) his best energy 
and endeavor. He was one of the or- 



<J4 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ganizers of West Avenue Mission Sun- 
day School, from which later sprang 
Westminster Presbyterian Church. In 
1869, in association with Albert AI. Hast- 
ings and William S. Ailing, he founded 
North Mission Sunday School, now North 
Presbyterian Church. 

Mr. Hubbard married, in 1847, Sarah 
L. Peck. For sixty-three years they 
walked life's path hand in hand, celebrat- 
ing their golden wedding in 1897, their 
sixtieth anniversary in 1907, and three 
years of the seventh decade had passed 
when, in August, 1910, the bonds of love 
that had so long bound them were sun- 
dered by the death of Mrs. Hubbard at 
the age of eighty-three years. Four years 
later Mr. Hubbard joined her in that 
fairer land, the inheritance of those who 
"keep the faith" as they had kept it 
throughout their long and useful lives. 
Children : Elizabeth R., married Preston 
H. Allen, then of Omaha, Nebraska, now 
of Webster Grove, Missouri ; William A., 
Jr., of further mention ; Mary L., married 
Edmund R. Huddleston, of Rochester, 
New York; Helen C, married Charles 
B. Peck, of Rochester. 

William A. Hubbard, Jr., only son of 
William A. and Sarah L. (Peck) Hub- 
bard, was born in New York City, No- 
vember 6, 1850. In 1851 his parents 
moved to Rochester, where he has since 
resided continuously. After preparation 
in public and private schools he com- 
pleted his studies at Hamilton College, 
beginning active business life with his 
father in 1871. Father and son continued 
in association as manufacturers of under- 
wear for several years, then the younger 
man entered the employ of James Mc- 
Donell & Company, remaining until the 
year 1884. In that year he became identi- 
fied with the manufacture of chairs, a 
line of activity with which he has been 
connected from that date. His business, 
established in Rochester in 1870 by I. H. 



Dewey, was incorporated as the I. H. 
Dewey Furniture Company in 1884, and 
at that time Mr. Hubbard became associ- 
ated therewith. In 1898 the business was 
reorganized as the Hubbard & Eldredge 
Company, and again in 1906 as the Hub- 
bard, Eldredge & Miller Company, Wil- 
liam A. Hubbard, Jr., president. The 
company is one of Rochester's largest in- 
dustrial plants, using one hundred and 
twenty thousand square feet of factory 
space in addition to large lumber yards 
at Lyell and Dewey streets. Four hun- 
dred hands are employed in the manu- 
facture of fancy chairs and upholstered 
furniture, the output being marketed all 
over the United States and Canada. 

A Republican in politics, Mr. Hubbard 
takes more than a passive interest in 
public affairs and manifests the concern 
of a good citizen in promoting good gov- 
ernment. His aid can always be de- 
pended upon in any movement tending to 
promote the public good, and in all things 
he measures up to the full stature of a 
man. He has other large business in- 
terests, is a director of the Curtice 
Brothers Company, director of the 
Rochester Trust and Safe Deposit Com- 
pany, and trustee of the Monroe County 
Savings Bank. His clubs are the Roches- 
ter Country and the University. He is an 
elder of Central Presbyterian Church and 
in all the activities of that church is 
deeply interested. Since 1873 he has 
taught a men's Bible class in the Sunday 
school, his class now numbering about 
two hundred members. For forty-two 
years he has led this class in Bible study, 
has been constant in attendance, and to 
this unselfish form of Christian work has 
given of his best. The class is a power 
for good in church and city, many mem- 
bers having gone out from it to become 
useful workers in other fields. Fathers 
and sons have sat under his teaching and 
in the spiritual strength he has given to 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



others his own strength has been re- 
newed. Mr. Hubbard served the local 
Young Men's Christian Association as 
director and president of the board for 
many years, and is now a member of the 
advisory board. Loyal in his devotion 
to truth and right living, generous in his 
giving, and strong in his integrity, he has 
won the highest esteem of his fellow men, 
with whom he has lived in close associ- 
ation during his entire life. 

Mr. Hubbard maried, in 1885, Helen C, 
daughter of Dr. Hiram D. Vosburgh, of 
Lyons, New York. Children : Evelyn ; 
Elizabeth, wife of Andrew R. Sutherland, 
of Rochester, New York; Ruth Porter, 
wife of Gideon C. Wolfe, of Scranton, 
Pennsylvania. 



KELLOGG, Luther Laflin, 

Contract Lair Expert. 

Luther Laflin Kellogg descends from a 
very ancient family, and inherits qualities 
which have brought him to a prominent 
position at the New York bar. The 
earliest record of the family in England 
is in Debden, County Essex, where Nicho- 
las Kellogg was taxed in 1525. The 
name appears with a variety of spellings, 
including Kelhogge, Kellogue, Kellock, 
Calaug, and many others. The name is 
supposed to have been formed from two 
Gaelic words, meaning lake and cemetery, 
making it a place name. 

Nicholas Kellogg was born about 1488, 
and was buried at Debden, May 17, 1558. 
His son, Thomas Kellogg, who resided in 
Debden, was probably the father of 
Philip Kellogg, who was living in Bock- 
ing, County Essex, in 1583. He was the 
father of Martin Kellogg, baptized No- 
vember 25, 1595, in Great Leigh, and re- 
sided there and at Braintree. He mar- 
ried, at St. Michaels, in Hertford. 1621, 
Prudence Bird, whom he survived. Their 
fourth son, Daniel Kellogg, was baptized 



February 6, 1630, at Great Leigh, and 
was an early settler at Norwalk, Connec- 
ticut. He is said to have been the largest 
man in the province, seven feet tall, and 
of proportionate figure. For many years 
he represented Norwalk in the General 
Assembly. His second wife, Bridget, was 
a daughter of John and Alice Bouton, and 
their second son, Samuel Kellogg, born 
February 19, 1673, was a prominent citi- 
zen of Norwalk. He married Sarah Piatt, 
daughter of Deacon John and Hannah 
(Carr) Piatt, of Norwalk, and their youn- 
gest child, Epenetus Kellogg, lived for 
a time on Long Island, but returned to 
Norwalk, and lived at "White Oak 
Shade." He was born June 26, 1719, 
died June 19, 1774, in Norwalk. He mar- 
ried, in 1740, Jemima Rogers, of Hunt- 
ington, New York, who died June 9, 1789. 
Their third son, Stephen Kellogg, was 
born July I, 1757, in Norwalk, and re- 
moved to Troy, New York, where he 
died July 30, 1842. He was a farmer, and 
a member of St. Paul's Church. He mar- 
ried, November 24, 1778, Lydia Ronton, 
born January 21, 1758, in Norwalk, died 
in Troy, June 28, 1845, daughter of Na- 
thaniel and Lydia (Penoyer) Bouton. 
Their fifth son, Stephen (2) Kellogg, 
born April 26, 1797, in Norwalk, died No- 
vember 12, 1845, in Maiden, New York, 
where he was a merchant from 1822 to 
1833. He removed to Troy, where he 
was in the mercantile business about 
three years, then returned to Maiden. He 
married, January i, 1823, Susan Emeline 
Bigelow, born December 5, 1805, in Cole- 
brook, Connecticut, daughter of Asa and 
Lucy (Isham) Bigelow, died February 
13, 1884, in New York City. Their eldest 
son, Nathan Kellogg, was born February 
18, 1825, in Maiden, and graduated from 
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute at Troy, 
March 16, 1841. He was a Presbyterian, 
served as supervisor in Ulster county, 
and affiliated with the Democratic party in 



96 



J 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



politics. He married, June 12, 1847, '^i 
Saugerties, New York, Helen Maria Laf- 
lin, born April 6, 1826, in Blanford, Mas- 
sachusetts, daughter of Luther and Al- 
mira (Sylvester) Laflin. 

Luther Laflin Kellogg, eldest child of 
Nathan and Helen Maria (Laflin) Kel- 
logg, was born July i, 1849, in Maiden, 
New York. He there grew to maturity, 
and received his primary education in the 
private schools, entering Rutgers College 
at New Brunswick, New Jersey, from 
which he graduated in 1870 with the de- 
gree of Bachelor of Arts and three years 
later received the degree of Master of 
Arts. In 1901 Rutgers conferred upon 
him the honorary degree of Doctor of 
Laws. Having determined upon the pro- 
fession of law, Mr. Kellogg entered Col- 
umbia Law School, of New York, from 
which he received the degree of Bachelor 
of Laws in 1872. In the same year he 
was admitted to the bar, and began prac- 
tice in New York City in 1872, and at the 
present time (1916) is the head of the law 
firm of Kellogg & Rose. Mr. Kellogg is 
particularly known and distinguished at 
the bar as a trial lawyer. His specialty 
is contract law covering state, municipal 
and private contracts. His opinion is 
generally received as authority on all 
questions relating to this branch of the 
law. An examination of the Reports of 
the State will show that he has been con- 
nected with nearly every noted case of 
this nature. He has also been engaged in 
arguing before the highest courts of this 
State and the United States many ques- 
tions involving Constitutional Law. 

Mr. Kellogg resides in the City of New 
York, where he is a vestryman of All 
Angels (Protestant Episcopal) Church, 
and is associated with numerous clubs, 
including the Manhattan, Players, Lotos, 
Church and Fort Orange ; was for several 
years president of the Colonial Club; is 

N Y-Vol IV-7 97 



a member of the Lawyers' Club and the 
Delta Phi college fraternity. He is a 
member of the American Bar Associ- 
ation, the New York State Bar Associ- 
ation, the Association of the Bar of the 
City of New York, the New York County 
Lawyers' Association, and is a life trustee 
of Rutgers College. He is at present one 
of the members of the Court House 
Board, charged with the duty of erecting 
the new Court House for New York City. 
He is a director of the Colonial Insurance 
Company of New York. Politically he 
acts with the Democratic party. 

Mr. Kellogg married, in New Bruns- 
wick, New Jersey, June 10, 1874, Eliza 
Stout Mcintosh, born July 12, 185 1, in 
Buffalo, New York, daughter of General 
John B. and Amelia (Stout) Mcintosh, 
who died October 5, 1912. Children: 
Mcintosh, born May 21, 1875 ; Helen Laf- 
lin, January 4, 1877, died 1884; Luther 
Laflin, October 6, 1878, died 1905 ; Lee 
Stout, July 19, 1881 ; Elsie Mcintosh, 
May 13, 1883; Laura Runyon, February 
9, died February 22, 1886. 



HANCOCK, Theodore E., ' 

Lawyer, Fnblic OfBcial. 

The Hon. Theodore E. Hancock had a 
fixed rule in the practice of law, and that 
was never to waste energy upon points 
which did not count. He made that move 
which was necessary to win, and saved 
the others for a possible failure. All 
through his life, which has brought him 
one of the highest honors in the gift of 
the people of his State, that of Attorney- 
General, Mr. Hancock has made it his 
rule to go directly to the root of matters 
and never waste energy. This trait was 
directly the cause of his being the choice 
in many important cases, it made him the 
counsel who was sought after, and when 
it came to the administration of the affairs 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of his high office, he was the man who under the name of Hancock, Hogan & 



could not be swerved from his fixed pur- 
pose to serve the people all the time. 

Mr. Hancock was born in the town of 
Granby, Oswego county. New York, May 
30, 1847. His ancestors were Martha 
Vineyard stock, several generations of 
sturdy sailors who faced the rigors of 
long whaling voyages, and women who 
had learned the patience that comes of 
watching and waiting. Mr. Hancock re- 
ceived his early education at Falley Semi- 
nary, Fulton, New York, from which he 
went to the Wesleyan University, and 
was graduated from this institution in the 
class of 1871. He next became a student 
at Columbia Law School, New York City, 
from which he was graduated with the 
degree of Bachelor of Laws in 1873, and 
in September of the same year, having 
been duly admitted to the bar, com- 
menced his legal practice in Syracuse. 
He formed a law partnership with Wil- 
liam Gilbert, under the firm name of Gil- 
bert & Hancock, which was continued for 
some time. Subsequently he took as a 
partner Page Monroe, the firm being 
Hancock & Monroe, and in 1888 the 
famous firm was organized which was 
known as Hancock, Beach, Peck & De- 
vine. In 1889 Mr. Hancock was elected 
district attorney of Onondaga county, an 
office which he administered with signal 
ability. November 7, 1893, he was elected 
Attorney-General, succeeding himself at 
the next election for this office, and serv- 
ing until January i, 1899. William A. 
Beach, one of the members of the firm, 
retiring from it, John W. Hogan, who 
had served long and well in the Attorney- 
General's office in Albany, came to Syra- 
cuse from Watertown, and the firm of 
Hancock, Hogan & Devine was formed. 
Some time after the death of Mr. Devine, 
in 1907, Stewart F. Hancock, a son of the 
Hon. Theodore E. Hancock, was admit- 
ted to the firm, and it became known 



Hancock. Upon the election of John W. 
Hogan as Judge of the Court of Appeals 
in 1912, the firm became Hancock, 
Spriggs & Hancock, the present mem- 
bers being: Theodore E. Hancock, Stew- 
art F. Hancock, Clarence Z. Spriggs, 
Clarence E. Hancock, Myran S. Melvin. 

Of the many matters to the credit of 
Mr. Hancock while serving as Attorney 
General, none has received wider pub- 
licity and greater attention from the peo- 
ple at large than the inauguration and 
continuance of the fight to preserve the 
great forests of the State for the people. 
Only those who were conversant with the 
situation will ever know the influences 
which were brought to bear to get these 
forests away from the State. In both 
civil and criminal practice Mr. Hancock 
has shown his legal acumen, and this has 
placed his name among the great lawyers 
of Onondaga. As an orator he is of the 
direct and forcible kind, yet possessed of 
a power of descriptive effort which has 
made quotations from, his speeches to 
juries and upon the political forum mat- 
ters of record. It was Mr. Hancock's 
speech at a reunion of veterans, at which 
time he called attention to the power of 
a county to issue bonds for the purpose 
of erecting a soldiers' monument, that re- 
vived the interest in a soldiers' memorial, 
and started the movement which resulted 
in the acquirement of the monument now 
built on Clinton Square. In pursuance 
of his idea of thorough investigation and 
progress in public aiifairs, Mr. Hancock 
has been chosen to, and served in, the 
directorates of many charitable and other 
public institutions. In 1897 Wesleyan 
University conferred the degree of Doc- 
tor of Laws, of which institution he is 
still a trustee. He was president of the 
Onondaga County Bar Association from 
1900 to 1907. 

Mr. Hancock married, in 1882, Martha 



98 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Connelly, of Wheeling, West Virginia, 
and three children were born to them: i. 
Stewart F., born in Syracuse, April 4, 
1883 ; received his elementary education 
in the public schools of Syracuse, was 
graduated from Wesleyan University in 
the class of 1905, from the Law School 
of Syracuse in 1907, in which year he was 
admitted to the bar; he at once com- 
menced the practice of law in the same 
year in Syracuse, as a member of the firm 
of Hancock, Hogan & Hancock ; he served 
as assistant corporation counsel of the 
city of Syracuse from January i, 1908, to 
January i, 1914; his religious member- 
ship is with the Park Presbyterian 
Church, and his fraternal with the follow- 
ing organizations : University Club, City 
Club, Citizens' Club, and Central City 
Lodge, and Westminster Lodge, Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows ; Mr. Han- 
cock married Marion, a daughter of the 
late Justice Peter B. McLennan ; two 
children were born of this union. 2. Clar- 
ence E., born in Syracuse, February 13, 
1885 ; was graduated from the public 
schools there, from Wesleyan University 
in 1906, and from the New York Law 
School in 1908; admitted to the bar in the 
same year, he is now a member of the 
firm of Hancock, Spriggs & Hancock; he 
is a member of the Alpha Delta Phi, Phi 
Beta Kappa, Alpha Delta Phi Club of New 
York, Onondaga Golf and Country Club, 
Sedgwick Farm Club, University Club, 
City Club and Troop D, National Guard 
of New York. 3. Martha, educated at 
Syracuse University and at Wellesly Col- 
lege; resides at home. 



HAZARD, Frederick Rowland, 

Manufacturer, Public-spirited Citizen. 

Frederick Rowland Hazard, of Syra- 
cuse, inherits from early New England 
families the qualities which have ever 
stood for moral, social and material prog- 



ress, and exemplifies in his person and 
career the character which has ever stood 
preeminent in the United States. The 
family occupies a prominent position in 
the civil, commercial, judicial and mili- 
tary history of Rhode Island, and is de- 
scended from Thomas Hazard, born 1610, 
in England. He first appears of record in 
America in 1635, at Boston, where he was 
admitted a freeman in 1638, and was two 
years later a resident of Portsmouth, 
Rhode Island. He was among the found- 
ers and first town officers of Newport, 
Rhode Island, associated with Codding- 
ton, Easton, Coggeshall, Brenton, the 
Clarks, Bull and Dyer. He was made a 
freeman of Newport in 1639, and in 1640 
was appointed a member of the General 
Court of Elections. His first wife, Mar- 
tha, died in 1669, and he married (second) 
Martha, widow of Thomas Sheriff. 

His eldest child was Robert Hazard, 
born in 1635. admitted a freeman of Ports- 
mouth in 1665, and prominent in Colonial 
aiTairs until 1698. In 1671 he purchased 
five hundred acres of land in Kings Town, 
and soon after 1687 built there his house, 
which was still standing in the early part 
of the nineteenth century. He died in 
1710. He married Mary, daughter of 
Thomas and Anne Brownell, who lived 
to be one hundred years old, and died 
January 28, 1739. Her obituary states 
that she was accounted a very useful 
gentlewoman. 

Her eldest child was Thomas Hazard, 
born 1660, died 1746. He was a freeman 
of Portsmouth in 1684, and of Kings 
Town in 1717. He was a large purchaser 
of lands, paying £700 for nine hundred 
acres in 1698, and £500 for three hundred 
acres in 1710. His aggregate possessions 
reached nearly four thousand acres. He 
gave land to each of his sons on attaining 
majority, and the inventory of his estate 
amounted to £3,785. He married Susanna 
Nichols, whom he survived. 



99 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Their eldest son was Robert (2) Haz- 
ard, born May 23, 1689, died May 20, 
1762. He inherited six hundred and fifty 
acres of land from his father, also acquired 
lands by purchase, was residuary legatee 
in his father's will, which brought him 
other lands. In his own will he be- 
queathed negro slaves to his children. He 
married Sarah, daughter of Richard and 
Innocent Borden, born July 31, 1694. 

Their second son was Thomas (3) Haz- 
ard, born September 15, 1720, called "Col- 
lege Tom," died 1798. He was a freeman 
of South Kingstown in 1742, and in 1748 
was clerk of the council. He entered 
Yale College, but did not complete the 
course, because of his sentiment as a 
member of the Society of Friends that 
college honors were not desirable. For 
forty years he was a preacher in the 
Society of Friends and the first among 
them to advocate the emancipation of 
slaves. In 1764, with some fifty others, 
he petitioned for the privilege of found- 
ing and endowing a college or university. 
This petition was granted, and he was 
one of the eleven fellows designated to 
establish what was then called Rhode 
Island College, now Brown University. 
His home was on Tower Hill. He mar- 
ried, March 27, 1742, Elizabeth, daughter 
of Governor William and Martha (Pot- 
ter) Robinson, born June 16, 1724, died 
February 5, 1804, a great-granddaughter 
of Thomas (i) Hazard, founder of the 
family in America. 

They were the parents of Rowland 
Hazard, born June 4, 1763, who early en- 
gaged in manufacturing at what is now 
Peacedale, Rhode Island, where was set 
up the first carding machine in South 
Kingstown. He was also interested in 
shipping, first at Charleston, South Caro- 
lina, and later at Narragansett. Late in 
life he removed to Pleasant Valley, New 
York, where he died July i, 1835. He 



married, in 1793, Mary Peace, for whom 
the town of Peacedale was named, daugh- 
ter of Isaac Peace. She died June 28, 
1852. 

Their third son, Rowland Gibson Haz- 
ard, was born October 9, 1801, in Kings- 
town, on the homestead of his grand- 
father, on Tower Hill. In early child- 
hood he went to Bristol, Pennsylvania, 
where he lived in the home of his grand- 
father, Isaac Peace. He attended school 
in Burlington, New Jersey, and in Bris- 
tol, and from 1813 to 1818 was a student 
of the West Town School. He had an 
especial faculty for mathematics, and dis- 
covered new modes of demonstration in 
conic sections, and was also an eager 
reader of classic history. In 1819 he re- 
turned to Rhode Island, and in 1833 set- 
tled at Peacedale, where, in association 
with his brother, Isaac Peace Hazard, he 
took charge of the manufacturing busi- 
ness established by his father. The busi- 
ness grew under their management, and 
Rowland G. Hazard made many trips in 
promoting its interests. From 1833 to 
1843 he made many visits to the South, 
where he observed the working of the 
slave system, which excited in him, great 
horror. He made many speeches in favor 
of the abolition of slavery, and was alsa 
widely known as a writer. He married, 
September 25, 1828, Caroline, daughter 
of John Newbold, of Bucks county, Penn- 
sylvania, and they were the parents of 
two sons. 

The eldest, Rowland Hazard, was born 
August 16, 1829, in Newport, Rhode 
Island, and grew up at Peacedale. For 
several years he was a student at the 
Friends' College, Haverford, Pennsyl- 
vania, and graduated from Brown Uni- 
versity at the age of twenty years, in 
1849. During his first three years he 
gained first prize in mathematics, and the 
second prize in his fourth year. Active: 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



in town and village affairs at Peacedale, 
in 1854 he organized a Sunday school, 
which met in the school house, and was 
among the founders of the Second Con- 
gregational Church of South Kingstown, 
which was organized in a meeting held 
at his house, February 13, 1857. In 1872 
he built the stone church occupied by this 
society, from his own plans, and in the 
same year constructed from his plans the 
large worsted mill at Peacedale. The 
picturesque stone bridges in and about 
that village are also his work. He insti- 
tuted the Narragansett Literary and High 
School, which was built on lands donated 
by him. The system of profit-sharing 
adopted by the Peacedale Mills was of 
his institution. He was interested in 
agriculture, and was president of the 
Washington County Agricultural Soci- 
ety. In 1875, ^s independent candidate 
for Governor of the State, he received a 
plurality of votes, but according to the 
State Constitution, the election was car- 
ried to the Legislature, in which he was 
defeated. Among his many activities was 
the promotion of lead mining in Missouri, 
and he became interested in the manufac- 
ture of soda ash in America, after investi- 
gation of the processes used in that indus- 
try in Europe, whence most of the Amer- 
ican supply had been previously derived. 
He organized the Solvay Process Com- 
pany, of Syracuse, New York, of which 
he was the first president, and this estab- 
lishment is now very extensively engaged 
in supplying the American demand for 
soda ash. He married, March 29, 1854, 
Margaret Anne, daughter of Rev. Anson 
Rood, of Philadelphia, died in August, 
1895- 

Frederick Rowland Hazard, second son 
of Rowland and Margaret Anne (Rood) 
Hazard, was born June 14, 1858, in Peace- 
dale, where his early years were spent, 
and in 1881 graduated from Brown Uni- 

lOI 



versity, Providence. Following his grad- 
uation he spent two years in the woolen 
mills of his native town, and in the fall 
of 1883 entered the employ of the Solvay 
Process Company, of Syracuse, of which 
his father had been president since its 
founding. In September of that year he 
sailed for Europe to investigate the pro- 
cesses of manufacture of soda products. 
For nine months he pursued his investi- 
gations in the works of Solvay & Com- 
pany at Dombasle, France. In May of 
the following year he returned to Amer- 
ica, and entered upon his duties as assist- 
ant treasurer of the Solvay Process Com- 
pany, of Syracuse, one of the greatest in- 
dustries of that progressive city. In June, 
1887, he was promoted to the office of 
treasurer, and continued in that capacity 
to 1898, with residence in Syracuse. He 
was made president following the death 
of his father. Since their organization he 
has been treasurer of the Tully Pipe Line 
and Split Rock Cable Road companies, 
and was also president of the Syracuse 
Athletic Association until it was dis- 
banded in 1902. He was elected the first 
president of Solvay Village, a Syracuse 
suburb, upon its establishment, May 15, 
1904, and is active in various enterprises 
which are contributing to the growth and 
eminence of Syracuse. He is a prominent 
member of the Citizens' Club, enjoys the 
friendship and esteem of the residents of 
his home city, and is ever ready to further 
any undertaking calculated to promote 
the moral, social and pecuniary welfare 
of the community. 

He married, May 29, 1886, Dora G. 
Sedgwick, daughter of the late Charles 
B. Sedgwick, of Syracuse. Their home 
is at "Upland Farm^" and they have chil- 
dren : Dorothy, born May 21, 1887; Sarah 
Sedgwick, August 2, 1889; Katherine, 
November 7, 1890 ; Frederick Rowland, 
December 6, 1891. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



WILES, Ben, 

Teacher, Uaiiryer, Journalist. 

A student of two universities, a teacher, 
member of the Onondaga county bar 
since 1910, prominent in politics as a cam- 
paign orator and manager, a candidate 
for mayor of the city of Syracuse, a news- 
paper and magazine editor, corporation 
coimsel, exposer of graft, head of a fam- 
ily and just thirty years of age, consti- 
tutes the outlines only of Mr. Wiles' 
career to date. Should corresponding 
activity be manifested during the coming 
thirty years the duty of the chronicler of 
1945 will be a pleasant but an arduous 
one. Fourteen of his years have been 
spent in Syracuse and most of the 
achievement outlined has been com- 
pressed into that period. He is very 
popular in the city, particularly so in offi- 
cialdom and in the neighborhood of his 
home in the Seventeenth Ward, a section 
of suburban type, where people know 
their neighbors, and "drop in" from pure 
interest in each other. 

Ben Wiles was born at Vanhornesville, 
Herkimer county. New York, January 3, 
1886, son of John Milton and Ida M. 
(Young) Wiles, and a descendant of 
Dutch and German ancestry. John Mil- 
ton Wiles, who was a prominent citizen 
of Herkimer county. New York, died in 
1913 at the age of fifty-six. His wife is a 
daughter of Lewis G. Young, a well- 
known Democratic politician of Herki- 
mer county, and a descendant of the early 
Dutch stock of the Mohawk Valley. He 
obtained his early and preparatory edu- 
cation in the district public schools, at 
Richfield Springs High School, spent a 
year at Colgate University, then came to 
Syracuse, entering the Law School of the 
University, was graduated Bachelor of 
Laws, and admitted to the bar in 1910. 
During his university course he taught 



in the night schools and took a deep in- 
terest in the Boys' Club, an interest that 
has never abated. 

In 191 1 he was attorney for the comp- 
troller in inheritance tax matters in 
Herkimer county, was owner and editor 
of the Herkimer "Democrat," published 
at Herkimer, New York, and in 1912 was 
manager of the "Craftsman," a magazine 
published in New York City. In 1913 he 
became a member of the law firm, Godelle, 
Harding & Wiles, of Syracuse, and in 
1914 organized the law firm, of Wiles, 
Neily & Nichols, his present partnership. 
In 1914 he was appointed assistant cor- 
poration counsel of Syracuse by J.Iayor 
Louis Will. He is one of the younger 
lights of the Onondaga bar and is meet- 
ing with unusual success in his profes- 
sion, specializing in municipal and cor- 
poration law. 

Mr. Wiles has been active in politics 
ever since becoming a voter. As editor 
of the Herkimer "Democrat," he wielded 
a strong influence in county affairs, was 
twice chosen chairman of Democratic 
county conventions, and as a campaign 
orator contributed largely to party suc- 
cess in several campaigns. He bore a very 
prominent part in the municipal cam- 
paign of 1913, his tireless work, his tact- 
ful, forcible, eloquent speeches and per- 
sonal work contributing to a marked de- 
gree in the election of Louis Will for 
mayor, by a small plurality after a heated 
canvass. In 1915 he was nominee of the 
Citizens' and the Democratic parties for 
mayor. He gained prominence in the 
county by his exposure of graft and offi- 
cial delinquency in the erection of the 
Onondaga County Tuberculosis Sana- 
torium. He is possessed of an intense 
public spirit and is deeply concerned in 
the betterment of public conditions. Per- 
sonal political ambition does not impel 
him in his public life, but rather the de- 






v^uum 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



sire to lend a hand in upbuilding a better 
Syracuse. He loves the excitement of a 
campaign and considers it "most inter- 
esting" no matter who wins. 

Mr. Wiles takes life very seriously, is 
a close and keen student, and loves the 
knotty problems the law and municipal 
government present, and is devoted to his 
home and family. He is a member of the 
Order of Free and Accepted Masons, the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the 
University, Citizens' and City clubs, and 
the Phi Kappa Psi and Phi Delta Phi, col- 
lege fraternities. He is greatly interested 
in athletic games. 

Mr. Wiles married, October 19, 191 1, 
Barbara Stickley, daughter of Gustav 
Stickley, a furniture manufacture, founder 
in Syracuse of the Craftsman Shops. 
They have three children : Barbara, Edith 
and John. 



KING, Melvin LaVern, 

Architect. 

There are few portions of the world 
which combine so large a share of natural 
beauty with so romantic a history as that 
pnrt of New York State which might 
]iropcr!y be called the Iroquois country. 
Here are innum,erable lakes ranging from 
the little woodland water to those mon- 
sters of the species, Ontario and Erie, 
which bound the district to the north and 
west ; here also are countless streams and 
rivers, lovely vales and majestic moun- 
tains, the shattered fragments of the old, 
primeval wilderness ; and hung over all 
the romance of those anamolous peoples, 
praised by some, cursed by others, but 
wondered at by all, who together made 
up the "Five Nations," the "Great 
League." From the most centrally situ- 
ated and the most powerful, at least nu- 
merically, of these, in which the strange 
figure of Hiawatha appeared and began 
his errand of conversation and organiza- 



tion, from the great Onondaga Nation, 
has come the name of a county of modern 
New York in which the past and present 
may be said to meet. In the name itself 
the State celebrates its early history and 
the mythical legendary period preceding 
it, but in the condition of the country as 
it exists to-day the modern American 
spirit of progress may be seen on every 
hand. 

In this most interesting region there 
was born on December 7, 1868, in the 
rural township of LaFayette, Melvin La- 
Vern King, a son of Russell G. and Mal- 
vina (Abbott) King, and the member of 
a very old family, his ancestors being 
traceable for many generations both on 
this and the other side of the ocean. In 
the direct line his descent runs back to 
the Kings of London who settled in 
Northampton, Massachusetts, about the 
year 1660, and includes the names of Paul 
King and Paul King, Jr., both soldiers in 
the Revolution, enlisting from Chester- 
field, Massachusetts, the younger of 
which two men afterwards settled in 
Onondaga county. New York, about 1798. 
On his mother's side of the house also, 
Mr. King is descended from fine old 
stock, a direct ancestor, George Abbott, 
settling in Andover, Massachusetts, in 
the seventeenth century, and later Ab- 
botts being among the pioneers in Onon- 
daga county. With the marriage of Mr. 
King's grandfather, Asahel King, to 
Maria Green, the Kings became related to 
a house which traces its ancestry to the 
eleventh century. The history of the 
Greens is full of stirring incident all the 
way from old Sir Alexander DeGreen De- 
Boketon, who received his title from the 
hands of King John of England in the 
year 1202 and was himself the great- 
grandson of one of the nobles in the train 
of William the Conqueror at Hastings in 
1066, to modern times. It includes the 
names of many most worthy gentlemen 



103 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and through various marriages connects 
the members of the family with many of 
the greatest names in England and the 
Continent and among others with that of 
Hugh Capet, king of France ; Robert the 
Strong, duke of France ; the Earl of Win- 
chester, who signed the Magna Charta ; 
Lord Chief Justice Drayton of England 
and many others. 

Melvin LaVern King passed the first 
fourteen years of his life on his father's 
farm near the village of LaFayette, where 
he was born. These years he spent in the 
customary occupations of childhood, chief 
among which was the gaining of his edu- 
cation, which he did, so far as the pre- 
liminary portion of it was concerned, at 
the local schools. In the year 1882, when 
he had arrived at the age of fourteen, 
however, he was sent to Syracuse, there 
to complete his studies. Mr. King dis- 
played considerable artistic taste as a 
youth, and, this, together with much apti- 
tude for technical engineering subjects 
impelled him to take up architecture as a 
profession. Accordingly in the year 18S6, 
at the age of eighteen years, he entered 
the ofifice of James H. Kirby, an archi- 
tect of Syracuse, in the capacity of 
draughtsman. He had not mistaken his 
talent and soon began to show much abil- 
ity in his work. There was at that time 
practicing architecture in Syracuse, a Mr. 
Archemedes Russell, who was recognized 
as standing at the head of his profession 
and did a large business in that region. 
Mr. King entered 'Sir. Russell's office, 
thus beginning an association that was to 
last for years and only end with the elder 
man's death. It was in 1889 that Mr. King 
entered the new office and for seventeen 
years he continued as a draughtsman 
until, in 1906, the latter admitted him to 
partnership under the firm name of Rus- 
sell & King. Mr. Russell's death in 1915 
closed this partnership, and since that 

104 



time Mr. King has continued the busi- 
ness alone. The reputation and success 
of this business so far from diminishing 
since the days when they were first won 
by Mr. Russell have increased rather, and 
with this increase the skill and ability of 
Mr. King has had much to do. He has 
continued the standards of efficiency, 
probity and artistic excellence estab- 
lished by his predecessor and is to-day 
regarded as one of the most able and suc- 
cessful architects in the city. Among the 
recent examples of his art should be 
enumerated a large mercantile building 
in Albany, the men's dormitory building 
at the Onondaga County Home, St. Mat- 
thew's Church at East Syracuse, as well 
as other important work in his home city 
and in Rochester and many other nearby 
cities and towns. This will give some 
idea of the distance to which Mr. King's 
reputation has spread, and the size of the 
business conducted by him. 

On June 28, 1892, Mr. King was united 
in marriage with Gertrude Edith Gridley, 
of Syracuse, and to them have been born 
six children, as follows : Mable, who mar- 
ried Mr. Schuyler Baum, of Syracuse ; 
Russell J., Helen M., Harry A., Ruth G., 
and Melvin L., Jr. 

Mr. King is a man of the most sterling 
character and strong personality. The 
reputation he has won in his part of the 
State is a well deserved one, the outcome 
of his own worthy efforts. He is still a 
young man and it seems probable but at 
the beginning of a career already bril- 
liant, and which may lead him no one 
can say whither. One thing at least is 
certain, however, that he already repre- 
sents an important influence for good in 
the community which, with greater op- 
portunities, such as advancing years 
bring, is bound to increase and eventually 
place his name among those most hon- 
ored and loved in the community. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



COBB, D. Raymond, 

The profession of the law, when clothed 
with its true dignity and purity and 
strength, must rank first among the call- 
ings of men, for law rules the universe. 
The work of the legal profession is to 
formulate, to harmonize, to regulate, to 
adjust, to administer those rules and prin- 
ciples that underlie and permeate all gov- 
ernment and society, and control the 
varied relations of man. As thus viewed 
there attaches to the legal profession a 
nobleness that cannot but be reflected in 
the life of the true lawyer who, conscious 
of the greatness of his profession and 
honest in the pursuit of his purpose, em- 
braces the richness of learning, the pro- 
foundness of wisdom, the firmness of in- 
tegrity and the purity of morals, together 
with the graces of modesty, courtesy and 
the general amenities of life. D. Ray- 
mond Cobb, of Syracuse, New York, is 
certainly a type of this class of lawyers, 
and as such he ranks among the most 
eminent members of the State bar. He 
has inherited many of the sterling traits 
which characterized his ancestry who 
emigrated to New England prior to the 
Revolution. Among the noted names of 
his forbears we find : Raymond, Hunt- 
ington, Peck, Hyde, Joslyn, Ouincy, 
Hartshorn, Burleigh, Rockwell and 
Greenleaf. Some of his Revolutionary 
ancestors were: Ebenezer Hartshorn, 
Amos Raymond, Captain Thomas Hyde 
and Captain Eleazer Huntington. 

Dr. Aurelius Howard Cobb, father of 
D. Raymond Cobb, was born in Wind- 
ham, Vermont, in 1843, ^"^ departed this 
life in Ulysses, Potter county, Pennsyl- 
vania, in 1914. He was active in defence 
of the rights of the Union, becoming a 
member of the First New York Dragoons, 
as a volunteer non-commissioned officer, 
and was in active service more than three 



years. He married Louise Raymond, 
daughter of Deacon Joel Raymond, of the 
Massachusetts family of that name, and 
they had children : D. Raymond and 
Aurelia. 

D. Raymond Cobb was born at Bing- 
ham, Potter county, Pennsylvania, May 
16, 1871. After a preparatory training he 
entered the Genesee Wesleyan Seminary, 
from which he was graduated in the 
spring of 1888. He then matriculated at 
the University of Syracuse, from which 
institution he was graduated in the spring 
of 1892, the degree of Bachelor of Philos- 
ophy being conferred upon him. While 
there he was a member of the Psi Upsilon 
fraternity and was later awarded the key 
of the Phi Beta Kappa Society. Follow- 
ing his graduation from the university, 
he commenced reading law in the office of 
Edgar N. Wilson, at Syracuse, New York, 
and with the exception of a comparatively 
short period of study spent at the School 
of Law of Cornell University, remained 
with Mr. Wilson until he was admitted 
to the bar in 1895. He then became asso- 
ciated in a partnership with Mr. Wilson, 
and although the name of the firm has 
undergone a number of changes in the 
course of time, the association of these 
two men has remained uninterrupted up 
to the present time, when they are prac- 
ticing under the firm name of \\'ilson, 
Cobb & Ryan. Mr. Cobb takes a great 
interest in political affairs, is ever ready 
to support his position by intelligent 
argument, and is accustomed to address- 
ing public assemblies upon the issues of 
the day. In politics he is a Republican. 
He was employed as special counsel for 
the city of Syracuse in 1907, in its investi- 
gation of the Lighting Company: in 1915 
he was elected a delegate to the New 
York State Constitutional Convention, 
and served as a member of the committees 
on judiciary, privileges and elections, and 
at the conclusion of the work was made 



105 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



a member of the special committee of five 
on time and manner of submission of the 
constitution. He is a member of the 
First Methodist Episcopal Church of 
S3'racuse, and also of a large number of 
clubs and other associations. 

Mr. Cobb married, April i6, 1895, Kath- 
arine Miller, daughter of Riley V. Miller, 
of Syracuse. The children who have 
blessed this union are : Raymond Miller, 
born November 30, 1897; Helen Hunt- 
ington, October 13, 1899; Katharine 
Tyrell, September 10, 1901. The home 
of Mr. and Mrs. Cobb is the center of a 
cultured circle and their friends are nu- 
merous. Mr. Cobb is a man of broad 
public spirit, deeply interested in every- 
thing pertaining to the general welfare 
and to progress along material, social, 
moral and intellectual lines. He is 
honored and respected in all classes of 
society, inspiies personal friendship of 
unusual strength, and all who know him 
have the highest admiration for his good 
qualities of heart and mind. 



EDGERTON, Hiram H., 

Contracting Bnilder, Pnblio Official. 

The popular verdict expressed at the 
polls does not always signify a wise 
choice, but the public seldom repeats a 
mistake made in their estimate of a man 
and his fitness to rule over them. Hence 
a reelection is more highly valued than 
the first choice, a third term, speaks of 
well proven qualities, and a fourth and 
fifth election is an endorsement few ever 
receive. This is the endorsement, how- 
ever, that Rochester has given her chief 
executive. Hiram H. Edgerton, and is the 
highest praise she can bestow. Roches- 
ter does not lack for able men to fill the 
chair, but the unsullied character Mr. Ed- 
gerton bears, the confidence his public 
and private life has inspired, and the 

106 



manner in which he has fulfilled his obli- 
gations as chief executive of the city so 
won the electorate that all serious thought 
of a successor was precluded. 

His father, Ralph H. Edgerton, born at 
Port Henry, on Lake Champlain, in 1821, 
was but fourteen years of age when he 
first located in Rochester, then a small 
but thriving town. He continued his resi- 
dence in Rochester, with the exception of 
a few years, until his death in 1867, build- 
ing up and conducting an extensive lum- 
ber business. 

Hiram H. Edgerton, son of Ralph H. 
and Octavia C. Edgerton, was born at 
Belfast, Allegany county. New York, 
April 19, 1847. He completed a high 
school course in Rochester, then became 
his father's assistant in the lumber busi- 
ness, continuing until the latter's death 
in 1867. The son then became head of 
the business and successfully conducted 
it until 1880. In that year he disposed of 
the lumber yard and since has devoted 
himself to a building contracting busi- 
ness, a business made profitable by the 
rapid growth of Rochester and its enor- 
mous demands upon the contractors for 
public and private improvements. Mr. 
Edgerton rose to a high rank as a con- 
tractor and there stand to his credit in 
Rochester forty churches and church 
buildings alone, public library buildings, 
and hundreds of private residences, many 
of them palatial in their proportions and 
fittings, also many of the great office, mer- 
cantile and factory buildings. Just, lib- 
eral, and eminently fair with his work- 
men, it is his proud boast that he has 
never had a strike among them, and that 
he holds their confidence, respect and 
good will. In his relations with capital 
he has won the same high standing, and 
his name upon a contract is considered a 
guarantee of fair dealing and good work- 
manship. He has been for years a mem- 




vl /t/tr cuu^ ^ ^ c>^^^o^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ber of the Builders' Exchange, of which 
he is an ex-president, and is a director of 
the National Association of Builders. 

A Republican in politics, he has always 
been loyal to the party, not through nar- 
row partisanship, but through a strong 
belief that his party stands for the best 
interests of the country. He served as a 
member of the Board of Education from 
1872 until 1876 and during two years of 
his service was president of the board. 
He was president of the commission hav- 
ing in charge the construction of the East 
Side Sewer, the commission under Mr. 
Edgerton's careful guidance returning to 
the city an appreciable portion of the 
million dollars appropriated for the work. 
When the White Charter went into efifect, 
January i, 1900, reorganizing Rochester's 
municipal government, Mr. Edgerton be- 
came presiding ofificer of the Common 
Council, continuing in that office through 
successive reelections for eight years, 
leading the head of the ticket at each of 
the four elections. By virtue of his office 
he was a member of the Board of Esti- 
mate and Apportionment, the chief exec- 
utive board of the city government, pre- 
paring the tax budget, inaugurating all 
municipal improvements and municipal 
reforms. In this connection Mr. Edger- 
ton rendered invaluable service to the 
city and strongly entrenched himself in 
public esteem. In 1907 he was elected 
mayor of Rochester, his first election 
being in response to a popular demand 
for a straightforward business adminis- 
tration. At the end of his term his record 
demanded that he be continued for an- 
other term of two years ; then a third, 
then a fourth term, and now a fifth term, 
by largest majority ever received, was 
the insistent demand of the city and it 
was so ordered at the polls. 

To recite the benefits Rochester has re- 
ceived during Mayor Edgerton's eight 
years as chief executive is not possible in 



this place. Among the more notable are 
these : The city government has been 
reorganized and the recent report of the 
New York Bureau of Municipal Research 
declares that "Rochester, out of the fifty- 
three cities examined, is the best gov- 
erned;" the public library and its 
branches have been established ; Exposi- 
tion Park and the Rochester Exposition 
Company organized ; the Municipal Mu- 
seum founded ; the park system and play 
grounds enlarged and improved, the addi- 
tion of play grounds lessening truancy 
and adding to school efficiency. Good 
schools, pure water, and adequate sew- 
age disposal have been the administration 
slogans, and in these respects Rochester 
is the peer of any city. 

Mayor Edgerton is a member of Frank 
R. Lawrence Lodge, Free and Accepted 
Masons ; Hamilton Chapter, Royal Arch 
Masons ; Monroe Commandery, Knights 
Templar, also a member of the Shrine, 
Grotto, etc., and the Benevolent and Pro- 
tective Order of Elks. His clubs are the 
Genesee Valley, Masonic and Rochester. 

He married, in 1868, Medora De Witt, 
of Henrietta, New York. Children : Edna, 
wife of Henry Lambert, of Rochester ; 
Elizabeth, wife of Benjamin T. Rood- 
house, of Chicago. 



POWELL, Edward Alexander, 

Leader in Commanity Affairs. 

The man of genuine business ability, 
the man whose judgment is never warped, 
whose foresight is never clouded, and 
whose integrity is incorruptible, the man 
whose discretion is unfailing and whose 
honor is unquestioned, is the man who, 
whatever may be his place in life, is in- 
dispensable. He is a man to be trusted 
and looked up to as a leader, and his fear- 
lessness in defense of his honest convic- 
tions awakens the respect of even those 
who oppose him. Ready to meet any obli- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



gallons of life with the confidence and 
courage which come of rare personal abil- 
ity, right conceptions of things, and an 
habitual regard for what is best in the 
exercise of human activities, Edward 
Alexander Powell, of Syracuse, New 
York, is a man, take him for all in all, 
that the town may well claim with pride 
as one of her leading and most enlight- 
ened citizens. The name of Powell is of 
Welsh origin and was originally Ap 
Howell, being gradually contracted to 
Powell. The early seat of the family 
was at Breckonch, South Wales, where 
the town of Breconshire is now located. 
It has been largely represented in the pro- 
fessions, but most of its bearers have 
been engaged in agriculture. Wherever 
found, people of this name are noted for 
their industry, thrift, and kind and oblig- 
ing dispositions. 

The founder of this branch of the fam- 
ily , in the United States was Watkin 
Powell, who with his son Watkin (2) and 
daughter-in-law Rebecca (Adams) Pow- 
ell came from near Breckonch, South 
Wales, in 1801, settling near Utica, New 
York. Watkin Powell, the elder, died 
there in 1802 and was buried near his 
home. Watkin (2) Powell continued his 
residence there until after the death of 
his wife, Rebecca (Adams) Powell, in 
1814, and his second marriage to Mrs. 
Nichols in 1815. They then in 1816 moved 
with their family to Shadeland, Pennsyl- 
vania, where both husband and wife died 
in 1850. 

Howell Powell, fourth son of Watkin 
Powell, was born near Utica, New York, 
March 11, 1804, died February 11, 1873. 
At the age of twelve years he was taken 
to Pennsylvania by his parents and there 
obtained an education, gained a practical 
knowledge of all agricultural matters, and 
became a famous stock breeder and 
farmer. In public life he also achieved 
prominence, was one of the leaders in his 



county in the Abolition movement, and 
represented Crawford county, Pennsyl- 
vania, in the State Legislature. He was 
a man of wide spreading and beneficial in- 
fluence and highly esteemed until his 
death at the age of sixty-eight years. He 
married, April 11, 1833, Sally Beatty, 
born in Crawford county, Pennsylvania, 
a daughter of Joseph and Susan (Lint- 
ner) Beatty. They had eight children, of 
whom Edward Alexander Powell is of 
further mention ; three compose the firm 
of Powell Brothers, engaged in business 
in Shadeland, Pennsylvania; one was an 
attorney and practiced at Cincinnati, 
Ohio ; a daughter married George C. Gal- 
lawhur, of Girard, Pennsylvania ; and two 
died in infancy. 

Edward Alexander Powell was born on 
the Shadeland farm, Crawford county, 
Pennsylvania, January 27, 1838. In the 
district and select schools of his native 
county he obtained an excellent educa- 
tion, which he has supplemented by a life- 
long course of judicious reading and 
study. At the age of eighteen years he 
engaged in the profession of teaching, 
which he followed successfully for a num^ 
ber of years, and before abandoning this 
profession was with his brother, W. G. 
Powell, in charge of the schools at New 
Carlisle, Ohio. Ahvays a lover of out- 
door life, he then established himself in 
the nursery business as vice-president of 
the Smith & Powell Company, with which 
he was successfully identified. He next 
added to this industry the breeding of fine 
strains of cattle, making a specialty of 
Holstein-Friesian blood. In this field he 
gained notable successes, becoming one 
of the famous breeders of America, and 
for five years served as president of the 
Holstein Friesian Association of Amer- 
ica. He is an oft quoted authority on his 
special strain of cattle and an extensive 
exporter of live stock, having shipped to 
nearly every country of the globe where 



108 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the breeding of live stock is an industry. 
He has taken active part in other busi- 
ness affairs, serving as president of the 
Sjracuse, Lake Shore & Northern rail- 
road five years ; trustee of the Onondaga 
County Savings Bank for nearly a quar- 
ter of a century, and was the first presi- 
dent of the Syracuse Chamber of Com- 
merce, serving six years. The parks and 
streets of the city received an especial 
share of his attention while in that office 
and the beauty of the city was greatly 
enhanced by his wise suggestions and aid. 
The Syracuse Nurseries with which he has 
been connected for forty-eight years have 
furnished and planted trees without 
charge in the streets of Syracuse and sur- 
rounding sections equivalent to a con- 
tinuous row forty feet apart for a distance 
of twenty-five miles. 

]\Ir. Powell is a man of many sided abil- 
ities and broad interests. In spite of the 
manifold demands made upon him by his 
business activities, he has ever been ■ a 
lover and reader of good literature, and 
has spent much time in furthering the in- 
terests of charitable projects in the city. 
He is a m,ember of the Historical Society 
and of the Fortnightly Club ; is president 
of the Council of the Old Ladies' Home of 
Syracuse, and trustee of the Homceo- 
pathic Hospital ten years ; was president 
for six years of the Society for the Pre- 
vention of Cruelty to Children ; president 
of the Bureau of Labor and Charities six 
years ; president of the Onondaga County 
Agricultural Society nine years ; presi- 
dent of the board of trustees of the First 
Presbyterian Church twenty-two years ; 
president of the Holstein-Friesian Club 
of the State of New York two years ; 
president of the Onondaga County Farm 
Bureau three years ; director of the 
Onanda Historical Society twenty-two 
years ; director of the New York State 
Breeders' Association three years ; and 
a member of the executive committee of 
the Fortnightly Club. 



Mr. Powell married, in 1868, Lucy 
Smith. Their only child, Edward Alex- 
ander Powell, Jr., after completing his 
education entered the United States diplo- 
matic service, which has for several years 
compelled his residence abroad. He is 
also a well known litterateur and the 
author of many books widely read and 
recommended. For a year he was vice- 
consul at Beirut, Arabia, following that 
service as consular agent at Alexandria, 
Egypt. When the present European 
war began in 1914 he went to Belgium 
and there served as official reporter from 
the Belgian government to the United 
States, and was war correspondent of the 
New York "World." He remained in 
Belgium until the capture of Antwerp. 
He then reached London, but in such a 
broken condition physically that he was 
for some time under treatment at a hos- 
pital. While convalescing there he dic- 
tated his book, "Fighting in Flanders," 
later published in the United States by 
Scribners. Later in 1914 he returned to 
the United States and entered the lecture 
field and is touring the country deliver- 
ing his interesting and valuable lectures 
dealing with the war in Europe. His pub- 
lished books are : "The Last Frontier," a 
work on South Africa; "The Beckoning 
Land;" "Gentleman Rovers;" "The End 
of the Trail," an account of a journey 
from Mexico to Alaska by automobile; 
"The Road to Glory ;" "Vive La France ;" 
"Fighting in Flanders," and "The Secret 
of the Submarine," all published by Scrib- 
ners. 



HOLLISTER, Granger A., 

Leader in Public Utilities, Financier. 

Every man who has served his day and 
generation well has done so along special 
lines for which he was peculiarly well 
adapted. The service rendered Rochester 
by Mr. Hollister has been in connection 
with public utilities, for which his abil- 



109 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ity as an organizer and as an executive 
peculiarly adapted him. No city in the 
State of New York can boast of a better 
system of street railway transportation or 
of a better system of lighting its streets, 
buildings, and homes than Rochester, and 
to Air. Hollister this condition is largely 
due. What has been accomplished in 
bringing these public utilities to such a 
condition of perfection in Rochester he 
has repeated in other places through his 
connection with light and railway com- 
panies. He is also deeply interested in 
financial institutions and other business 
enterprises, and is not in any sense a man 
of one idea, but is progressive, public- 
spirited, and interested in all that makes 
for the public good. His work in Roches- 
ter has been spoken of as "the splendid 
success of an honest man in whose life 
business ability and recognition of his 
obligations to his fellow men are well 
balanced forces." To these forces may 
well be added intense civic pride. 

He traces descent from Lieutenant 
John Hollister, who in 1640 came to New 
England from England, settling at Glas- 
tonbury, Connecticut. From Connecti- 
cut, the home of his forbears, came 
George A. Hollister, who settled in 
Rochester in 1826. In 1832 he established 
a lumber business which two succeeding 
generations continued. Emmett H., son 
of George A. Hollister, born in Rochester 
in 1829, after association with his father 
succeeded him in business on the death 
of the founder in 1854, and successfully 
conducted it until his own death in 1871. 
He married Sarah, daughter of Austin 
Granger, of Troy, New York, who died 
in 1894, leaving two sons, Granger A. and 
George C. Hollister, who continued the 
business under the firm name of Hollister 
Brothers until 1888, when the Hollister 
Lumber Company, Limited, was incor- 
porated, of which George C. Hollister is 

I] 



now president. This successful connec- 
tion with a business for three generations 
under a family name is unusual in this 
country, where changes are frequent, sons 
seldom and grandsons rarely engaging 
in the same business with the same con- 
spicuous success as the founders. 

Granger A. Hollister was born in 
Rochester in 1854. He was educated in 
Rochester's private schools, continuing 
his studies until the death of his father 
in 1871. He then entered into active busi- 
ness life in connection with the lumber busi- 
ness founded by his grandfather and con- 
tinued by his father, forming later, with 
his brother, George G. Hollister, a part- 
nership and trading as Hollister Brothers. 
In 1888 the Hollister Lumber Company 
was incorporated with a capital of $125,- 
000 — Granger A. Hollister, president ; 
George G. Hollister, vice-president. Seven 
years later, in 1895, Granger A. Hollister 
disposed of his interest in the company, 
which still continues, the largest lumber 
and coal company in Western New York, 
George G. Hollister, president. About 
the year 1884 Mr. Hollister became inter- 
ested in the business that has since prin- 
cipally claimed him, and with a few asso- 
ciates organized the Edison Illuminating 
Company, entering into competition with 
three other companies occupying the 
Rochester field, the Rochester Electric 
Light Company, the Brush Electric Light 
Company and the Rochester Gas Com- 
pany. Realizing the futility of attempt- 
ing the object upon which he was bent 
under the competition then existing, the 
perfecting of an electric lighting system 
for the city, Air. Hollister and the others 
associated with him determined upon a 
plan of bringing these four antagonistic 
interests into harmony through consoli- 
dation. With a few associates he pur- 
chased all of the stock of the Rochester 
Electric Light Company, a controlling 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



interest in the Brush Electric Light Com- 
pany, and a large interest in the Roches- 
ter Gas Company. The consolidation of 
the four lighting companies followed 
under incorporate title, the Rochester Gas 
and Electric Light Company. Vast im- 
provements were made and a perfected 
system installed with results that have 
realized the hopes of Mr. Hollister and 
his associates, justified their plans, and 
proved the clearness of their foresight. 
With a perfected lighting system estab- 
lished, the weakness of the street railway 
system became more apparent. The Clark- 
Hodenpyl-Walbridge Syndicate, then in 
control of the Rochester Railway Com- 
pany, was brought by Mr. Hollister into 
possession by purchase of a considerable 
interest in the Rochester Gas and Elec- 
tric Company, and in 1904 the lighting 
and traction interests of the city were 
merged into one corporation, the Roches- 
ter Railway and Light Company, a cor- 
poration of which Mr. Hollister is first 
vice-president. With the formation of 
the new company an era of expansion and 
improvement in transit facilities began 
that has continued greatly to the benefit of 
Rochester and a great area of contiguous 
territory. The lighting and traction sys- 
tems of the city are unexcelled and are 
Rochester's pride. In addition to his 
official responsibility as vice-president of 
the railway and light company, Mr. Hol- 
lister is vice-president and director of the 
Dispatch Heat, Light and Power Com- 
pany, the Ontario Light and Traction 
Company, and the Canandaigua Gas 
Light Company, which are subsidiaries of 
the Rochester Railway and Light Com- 
pany. He also is a director of the Roches- 
ter Electric Railway Company, the New 
York State Railway Company, and the 
Syracuse and Suburban Railway Com- 
pany. He is the second vice-president of 
the Chamber of Commerce, and member 



of the board of trustees of the Chamber 
of Commerce of the United States, one of 
the two members from New York State. 

His banking and financial interests are 
equally important. Since 1886 he has 
been a trustee of the Rochester Savings 
Bank and is the present first vice-presi- 
dent In 1892 he aided in organizing the 
Security Trust Company, was chosen its 
first manager, has been a trustee of the 
company since its incorporation, and is 
the present vice-president and chairman 
of the executive committee. In June, 
1907, he was elected a director of the 
great New York Life Insurance Company 
and he is now a member of the executive 
committee of the board of directors. He 
is charitable and philanthropic, interested 
in various enterprises for the betterment 
of mankind, and serves as president of the 
board of governors of the Homceopathic 
Hospital of Rochester. 

Mr. Hollister married (first) Isabelle 
M. Watson, of Rochester, who died in 
1903, daughter of Don Alonzo Watson, 
one of the organizers of the Western 
Union Telegraph Company. He married 
(second) in 1906, Elizabeth C. Watson. 

This necessarily brief record of the life 
of Granger A. Hollister reveals a man 
strong in executive ability, with the 
capacity for the organization and man- 
agement of great enterprises. He entered 
a field already occupied and in it brought 
about great improvement, harmonized 
conflicting interests, impressed others 
with the wisdom of his plans, and to him 
and to his associates Rochester is in- 
debted for its present excellent street rail- 
way and lighting service. Civic pride, 
long dormant, was aroused and the exam- 
ple of public spirit thus set has been fol- 
lowed in other directions until Roches- 
ter has become a shining light to other 
municipalities. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



STRONG, Henry A., 

Man of Enterprise, Philantliropist. 

Commercial interests have assumed ■ 
such extensive proportions, industries 
have become of such mammoth growth, 
such princely fortunes are controlled 
by corporations and individuals, that no 
longer can any business concern of medi- 
um size make any noticeable impression 
upon the history of the country. The 
men whose names are before the public 
associated with the world of business are 
men of master minds, capable of planning 
and directing enterprises of far-reaching 
import and benefit, effective in working a 
change in conditions that will influence a 
wide trade, will alter the established 
order of things and prove advantageous 
to the public. The two men comprising 
the firm of Strong & Eastman, established 
in iS8o, and which later became the East- 
man Kodak Company, were Henry A. 
Strong and George Eastman. To the 
former belongs the credit for a broad 
vision that saw the possibilities of the 
undertaking so clearly that he furnished 
the capital and became the business head, 
while to the latter belongs the honor for 
the constructive genius and ability that 
has developed the business to its present 
gigantic proportions. 

Henry A. Strong traces his ancestry to 
the early Puritans who settled in New 
England, ancestors strong both by name 
and nature. He is a son of Alvah and 
Catherine (Hopkins) Strong, the former 
named removing to Rochester, New York, 
from Scipio, same State, at an early day, 
he a barefoot boy driving the cattle that 
accompanied the wagon in which the 
family belongings were carried. On the 
way into Rochester the Strong family 
stopped to rest at Castle Rock, from 
which point they viewed the site of the 
present "Flower City." Thus it will be 
seen that Mr. Strong was one of the early 

112 



settlers of the city of Rochester, and in 
due course of time became one of its 
prominent and public-spirited citizens. 
Henry A Strong, in honor of his parents, 
erected in 1907, on the grounds of the 
Rochester Theological Seminary, "Alvah 
Strong Memorial Hall" ; "Catherine 
Strong Hall" to the Women's Depart- 
ment of the University of Rochester; in 
1909 gave to Brick Church the building, 
completed in 1910, known as Brick 
Church Institute, a four-storied structure 
with assembly halls, dining room, social 
halls, gymnasium, swimming pool, quar- 
ters for boys' and girls' clubs, manual 
training room, and eighty sleeping rooms 
for men; and in 191 1 his gift to the 
Young Women's Christian Association 
was their Administration Building, corn- 
pleted in 1912, of handsome brick con- 
struction, two stories in height, with a 
roof garden. All were given in a most 
unostentatious manner, in keeping with 
the characteristics of the donor. 

Henry A. Strong was born in Roches- 
ter, New York, August 30, 1838, and 
there he has always maintained his resi- 
dence. He was educated in the public 
schools, passed his youth in varied man- 
ner, little of general interest entering his 
life until the outbreak of the Civil War. 
He was then twenty-three years of age, 
and on enlistment was appointed assis- 
tant paymaster in the United States 
navy, there serving four years. After the 
cessation of hostilities, he returned to 
Rochester and engaged in the manufac- 
ture of whips in partnership with an 
uncle, Myron Strong, and later he pur- 
chased the interest of his uncle and con- 
ducted the business on his own account 
for a number of years. He next became 
associated in business with E. F. Wood- 
bury, a connection that existed until 1889. 
It was, however, nine years prior to the 
latter date that he became interested in 
the plans and hopes of George Eastman, 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and believing his plans to offer a reason- 
able prospect of success furnished the 
capital with which to make a proper be- 
ginning. Under the firm name of Strong 
& Eastman, they began the manufacture 
of dry plates for photographic use, and 
success attended their venture. In 1884 
Strong & Eastman incorporated as the 
Eastman Dry Plate and Film Company, 
with Henry A. Strong as president, and 
later a legal change of name was made, 
and as the Eastman Kodak Company 
they have made a business conquest of 
the realm of photography all over the 
world. They led in the development of 
the technical processes and the perfection 
of apparatus that made photography a 
pleasure to so many people, and that has 
made possible the wonderful effects that, 
from a mere mechanical process, has lifted 
photography to a place among the fine 
arts. 

Their plant is conducted under the 
most perfect organization in manufactur- 
ing and selling departments known to the 
manufacturing world. Every department 
is under the charge of an expert, the most 
efficient in his specialty, and the wonder- 
ful success attained is due not more to 
the perfection of product than to the per- 
fection of organization, the two coordi- 
nating and cooperating. It is impossible 
to separate the names Strong and East- 
man in their relation to the Eastman Ko- 
dak Company, the largest concern of its 
kind in the world, producing everything 
in the way of apparatus or material neces- 
sary to the practice of every branch of 
photography by professional or amateur, 
as they have worked in perfect harmony 
and to both the result achieved must be 
attributed. 

Mr. Strong has devoted a portion of his 
time, experience and ability to financial 
institutions of his city, and for many 
years has served as a director of the Alli- 
ance Bank, the Monroe County Savings 

N Y-Vol IV-8 1 1 



Bank, and the Security Trust Company, 
and thus has borne his full share in aid- 
ing the growth of his native city. He is 
also deeply interested in the work of the 
Brick Church (Presbyterian), is a trustee 
of the Young Women's Christian Associ- 
ation, a trustee of the Rochester Orphan 
Asylum, and a firm friend of the Univer- 
sity of Rochester. 

Mr. Strong married (first) August 3, 
1859, Helen P. Griffin, daughter of Robert 
I. Griffin, of Niles, Michigan, who bore 
him four children : Gertrude, widow of 
Henry L. Achilles; Herbert, died in in- 
fancy ; Helen, wife of ex-Governor George 
R. Carter, of Hawaii; Henry G., of 
Rochester. Mr. Strong married (second) 
June 14, 1905, Hattie M. Lockwood, a 
native of Connecticut, daughter of James 
H. and Marie R. Corrin. 



NOTTINGHAM, William, - 

Iiairyer, Leader in Corporation Affairs, 

Individual merit may claim a recogni- 
tion in America that is accorded it in no 
other country on the face of the globe. 
The power of personality to conquer fate. 
to utilize opportunities and to take ad- 
va'ntage of possibilties to rise to higher 
planes is acknowledged here, and the man 
who depends upon his own ability, enter- 
prise and honesty, and not upon the repu- 
tation of his ancestors, is the man who 
wins public honor and fame. William 
Nottingham, whose extensive practice 
places him among the leading lawyers of 
the State of New York, has achieved that 
success which is the natural result of 
systematic effort, straightforward dealing 
and resolute purpose. He has climbed 
upon a ladder of his own building to 
prominence and prosperity, and has 
earned the well merited esteem and re- 
spect of his fellow men. In the course 
of his practice Mr. Nottingham has de- 
voted much attention to corporation law. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and has not alone benefited the city of 
Syracuse, but has organized many corpo- 
rations which have been instrumental in 
increasing the prosperity of the State. 

The Nottingham family is of Dutch 
descent, and came to this country at an 
early date, several of its members taking 
an active part in the Revolutionary War. 
One of the three Nottingham brothers 
who came to America at the commence- 
ment of the eighteenth century settled 
in New York, and another in Virginia. 
The father of William Nottingham, Van 
Vleck Nottingham, married Abigail Maria 
(Williams) Nottingham, who was a de- 
scendant of the Williams and Stark fami- 
lies, both also prominent in the War of 
the Revolution. 

William Nottingham was born in De 
Witt, Onondaga county. New York, No- 
vember 2, 1853, and his early years, which 
were spent on the farm, gave him the 
splendid physique which has enabled him 
to work with an incomparable vim and 
energy. His early life was filled with toil 
and hardships, but through it all rose 
his fixed determination to acquire an edu- 
cation and make his mark in life. In 
order to acquire the earliest rudiments of 
this education, he was obliged to rise 
early and toil late, and thus obtained the 
necessary time to devote to his studies. 
He was obliged to walk to and fro, be- 
tween De Witt and Syracuse, in order to 
attend the public schools in the latter 
city. For a number of years he lived 
with the greatest economy, carefully put- 
ting aside as much as possible of his 
earnings, in order to accumulate a suffici- 
ent sum to enable him to pursue his 
studies in Syracuse University, from 
which he was graduated in the class of 
1876 with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. 
Of a severely analytical turn of mind, he 
had long planned to fit himself for the 
legal profession, and in furtherance of 
this plan, studied law in Syracuse from 



October, 1876, to June, 1879, when he 
was admitted to the bar in Buft'alo, New 
York. He at once, with his characteristic 
energy, established himself in the prac- 
tice of his profession in Syracuse, and has 
been chiefly identified with that city since 
that time. In 1881 the firm of Goodelle 
& Nottingham was established, with Wil- 
liam Nottingham as the junior partner, 
and was continued under that style until 
1900, increasing years continually adding 
to its fame. The firm of Goodelle, Not- 
tingham Brothers & Andrews was organ- 
ized in 1900, and continued in force until 
April, 1907, when William and Edwin 
Nottingham left it and commenced inde- 
pendent practice under the firm name of 
Nottingham & Nottingham, which has 
become widely known. While they are 
engaged in general practice, they make a 
specialty of corporation and banking law, 
and have became known throughout the 
Union. William Nottingham is acknowl- 
edged by those competent to judge as be- 
ing one of the most able corporation 
counsels in the the United States. In 
1912 he was president of the New York 
State Bar Association. He has displayed 
wonderful powers of organization, nota- 
bly in industrial and transportation lines. 
Among the organizations which had their 
first inception in his brain are: The Com- 
mercial National Bank in 1891 ; the Syra- 
cuse Trust Company, 1903; many indus- 
trial and transportation companies, in- 
cluding six interurban railway companies 
and two large steamship companies, one 
of which is the Great Lakes Steamship 
Company, operating on the Great Lakes 
and owning and controlling a large fleet 
of vessels, Mr. Nottingham being vice- 
president and the general counsel of this 
company ; a vice-president and director 
of the Syracuse Trust Company; and a 
director of the Commercial National 
Bank. For many years he was a lecturer 
on corporation law at the Law College of 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Syracuse University, and was a trustee 
of this institution until elected a member 
of the Board of Regents of the University 
of New York State. In more recent years 
he was chosen a member of the executive 
committee of The Trust Companies' As- 
sociation of the State of New York. The 
University of Syracuse conferred upon 
him the degree of Master of Arts in 1877, 
that of Doctor of Philosophy in 1878, the 
degree of Doctor of Laws in 1903, and he 
was president of the Syracuse University 
Alumni Association in 1885-86. In politi- 
cal matters Mr. Nottingham is a Repub- 
lican, and while he is loyal to his party, 
he has consistently refused nomination to 
the numerous offices tendered him, and 
which it is a foregone conclusion that he 
would fill with honor and credit to him- 
self and benefit to the community. He 
holds the opinion that a man cannot serve 
two masters, and therefore prefers to give 
his undivided attention to his legal in- 
terests. His religious affiliation is with 
the First Methodist Church, to which he 
gives generous support. Fraternally he 
is a member of the Pilgrims' Club of New 
York and London, Recess Club of New 
York, Citizens' Club and Century Club 
of Syracuse, the Delta Kappa Epsilon 
and the Phi Beta Kappa. 

Mr. Nottingham married, October 26, 
1881, Eloise Holden, a daughter of Eras- 
tus F. Holden, one of the organizers of 
the firm of Holden Brothers, coal mer- 
chants, later Holden & Sons. Mr. Holden 
occupied a prominent place in the coal 
trade, and had one of the largest concerns 
in Central New York. 



WILKINSON, John, 

Automobile Expert and Inventor, 

John Wilkinson, the efficient chief engi- 
neer in the automobile works of H. H. 
Franklin Company and an inventor of 
more than local note, was born February 



II, 1868, in Syracuse, and is a representa- 
tive of one of the oldest and best known 
families of Onondaga county. His great- 
grandfather in the paternal line was John 
Wilkinson, who served as a soldier in the 
Revolutionary War, and being captured 
was incarcerated on the Jersey prison 
ship which has figured largely on the 
pages of history. He came to Skaneateles 
in 1795 from Rhode Island and since that 
date the family has been well-known in 
Onondaga county, its representatives in 
the succeeding generations taking an ac- 
tive part in the substantial development 
and upbuilding of this portion of the 
State. John Wilkinson, the grandfather, 
was born in Skaneateles, September 30, 
1798, over a century ago. At one time 
he was president of the old Syracuse & 
Utica railroad, and also of the Michigan 
Central Railroad Company. He gave to 
Syracuse its name and was the first post- 
master of the city. He donated to the 
New York Central Railroad Company the 
tract of land between Geddes and West 
street and Fayette street and the Erie 
canal for their shops and yard. As a pro- 
motor of railroad interests and in various 
other ways his life work proved of the 
greatest value to the county and he may 
well be numbered among its founders and 
promotors, for he aided in laying broad 
and deep the foundation upon which its 
present prosperity and progress rests. J. 
Forman Wilkinson, father of John Wil- 
kinson, of this review, served as a soldier 
in the Civil War with the One Hundred 
and Forty-ninth Infantry. He married 
Louisa Raynor, and to them were born 
five children : Mrs. R. S. Bowen ; ThecH 
dore K. Wilkinson; Mrs. N. J. Black- 
wood, whose husband is a member of the 
navy with the rank of major; Forman 
Wilkinson, and John Wilkinson, whose 
name introduces this review. 

John Wilkinson was educated in the 
Syracuse High School and in Cornell 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



University, being graduated on the com- 
pletion of the mechanical engineer's 
course in 1899. He entered business life 
as a machinist with R. C. Stearns & 
Company of Syracuse, with whom he re- 
mained for about three months, when he 
engaged with Henry R. Worthington, of 
Brooklyn, New York. He filled that 
position for a year, after which he be- 
came a draughtsman with the Solvay 
Company, with which he continued for 
four years. He was then a designer for 
the Syracuse Cycle Company for about 
four years, and during the succeeding 
two years devoted his time largely to 
experimenting with automobiles. Dur- 
ing the past five years he has been chief 
engineer with the H. H. Franklin Com- 
pany in their automobile works and has 
filled the position with great efficiency. 
Mr. Wilkinson is the inventor of the 
Franklin automobile and the promotor 
and veteran builder of the same. He is 
now one of the directors and owns a 
large interest in the business. 

On April 23, 1896, Mr. Wilkinson was 
married to Edith Belden, who was born 
September 24, 1869, and was the third 
child of Mead and Gertrude (Woolston) 
Belden. Her father was a brother of J. J. 
and A. C. Belden. The sisters of the 
family are : Mrs. Andrew S. White, a 
resident of Syracuse, and Mrs. Henry 
Wigglesworth, a resident of Garden City, 
New York. Mrs. Wilkinson was edu- 
cated in the Keeble School of Syracuse 
and in Ogontz, Pennsylvania. By her 
marriage she has become the mother of 
two daughters and a son: Helen, born 
April 5, 1897; Anne Belden, bom Octo- 
ber 9, 1900; and John Belden, February 
13' 1905- 

In politics Mr. Wilkinson is independ- 
ent, casting his ballot without regard for 
party tides. He belongs to the Unitarian 
church, and is a member of the Psi Up- 
silon, a college fraternity. He greatly 



enjoys athletics and manly out-door 
sports and belongs to a number of dif- 
ferent clubs. He is regarded as a w6rthy 
scion of his race and creditable represen- 
tative of a prominent and honored pio- 
neer family. As such he deserves men- 
tion in this volume, while his personal 
worth and his business acomplishments 
also entitle him to recognition as one who 
merits the esteem, respect and good will 
of his fellow men. 



ANDREWS, Charles, 

Lawyer, Former Chief Justice. 

Charles Andrews, late Chief Justice of 
the New York State Court of Appeals, 
and for many years a leading attorney of 
Syracuse, was born May 27, 1827, at New 
York Alills, in the town of Whitestown, 
Oneida county. New York. After an at- 
tendance upon the common schools near 
his birthplace, he was a student at the 
Oneida Conference Seminary, at Caze- 
novia. New York. Determining to adopt 
the profession of the law, he began his 
studies with Sedgwick & Outwater, a 
leading firm of Syracuse, and pursued his 
studies with such diligence that he was 
admitted to the bar in January, 1849, in 
his twenty-second year. The city of 
Syracuse was at that time a station of 
considerable importance on the Erie 
Canal, the chief means of transportation, 
and was especially favored by commerce 
as the junction point of the Oswego Canal 
with the Erie. The city at that time 
numbered several other able attorneys 
among its inhabitants, and here he found 
such competition as to spur him to his 
best efforts. In 185 1 he formed an asso- 
ciation in the practice of law with Charles 
B. Sedgwick, under the style of Sedgwick 
& Andrews, and four years later Mr. 
George M. Kennedy was admitted to the 
firm, which now became Sedgwick, An- 
drews & Kennedy. This firm handled 




CHAR.LES ATMDREV^S 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



much of the most important litigation in 
its time, and was ranked among the ablest 
in the State. 

In 1853 Mr. Andrews was elected dis- 
trict attorney for a period of three years, 
and in 1861-62, and again in 1868, he was 
mayor of the city. He was very active, 
in association with other leading citizens, 
in securing the location of Syracuse Uni- 
versity in his home city, and for many 
years he was a trustee of that institution. 
During his first terms as mayor, in the 
early years of the Civil War, he had many 
puzzling tasks to perform, and among 
other movements to which he strongly 
contributed was that of securing recruits 
for the Union army. In 1867 he was 
elected a delegate-at-large to the State 
Constitutional Convention, which body 
reconstructed the Court of Appeals, and 
in 1870 Mr. Andrews became a candidate 
for judge of that court, and was elected 
May 17 of that year, taking his place on 
the bench, July i. In 1881 he was desig- 
nated by Governor Cornell as chief judge 
to succeed Judge Folger, who then re- 
tired. At the election soon after ensu- 
ing Judge Andrews was the candidate on 
the Republican ticket for chief judge, but 
was defeated. He was, however, reelect- 
ed for another term of fourteen years as a 
judge of the court in 1884, being the can- 
didate of both the leading parties of the 
State, and in 1892 he was elected chief 
judge, continuing to hold that position 
until his retirement under the constitu- 
tional age limit, December 31, 1897. At 
this time Judge Andrews was in full pos- 
session of all his powers, and by the oper- 
ation of the age limit, the courts of the 
State were deprived of his most able serv- 
ices. His interest in the aflfairs of his 
native county has not been lessened by 
his retirement, and he still exerts a most 
influential power in the State. While not 
actively pursuing the practice of law, he 
is often retained as counsel to others. His 



natural judicial bent, his industry and 
thorough knowledge of the law contrib- 
uted greatly to his usefulness upon the 
bench, and is still of great service to the 
community. Judge Andrews is fond of 
outdoor life, and has always found his 
recreation in fishing and other diversions 
which lead to the woods, fields and 
streams. He received the honorary de- 
gree of Doctor of Laws from Hamilton 
College, Columbia, Yale and Syracuse 
universities. He has made many able 
addresses on various occasions in the in- 
terest of progress and human welfare. He 
has long been a useful member of the 
Episcopal church, and is universally 
esteemed by the people of Syracuse for 
his high character, intellectual attain- 
ments and long and valuable services to 
the State. 



BRADLEY, Christopher Columbus, Jr., 
Manufactnrer, Public Official. 

A man of serious aims, broad views on 
all questions, and shrewd business opin- 
ions, is to be found in the person of Chris- 
topher Columbus Bradley, of Syracuse, 
president of the firm of C. C. Bradley & 
Son, manufacturers of power hammers, 
forges and carriage shaft couplers. He is 
genial and courteous on all occasions, and 
his accurate estimate of men has enabled 
him to fill the many responsible branches 
of his business with assistants who thor- 
oughly understand the nature of the 
work they are called upon to perform, 
and conduct in the most masterly man- 
ner the numerous details connected with 
it. Mr. Bradley gives his whole soul to 
whatever he undertakes, and allows none 
of the many interests entrusted to his 
care to suffer for want of close and able 
attention. As a citizen he is universally 
esteemed, and in every relation of life he 
has shown himself to be a man of the 
highest principles. In his private life as 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



well as in his business capacity, Mr. 
Bradley is a man of indefatigable energy 
and ambition. In other words, he is a 
man whose power of concentration has 
been developed to a remarkable degree. 

The Bradley family is an old one in 
this country, and traces back to England, 
the name being also spelled Bradlee. The 
earliest mention in England of the name 
of Bradley is in the year 1183, at the feast 
of St. Cuthbert, in Lent, when the Lord 
Hugh, Bishop of Durham, caused to be 
described all the revenues of his bishop- 
ric. In 1437 there is mention made of 
Bradleys, of Bradley. The name seems 
to have applied to places in England at a 
comparatively early date. The Bradleys 
of Acworth are the first who had their 
arms and pedigree preserved, and that by 
a visitation of the County of York by Wil- 
liam Dugdale, Norroy King of Arms, 
1665-66. The arms are : Or, a fess azure, 
between three buckles gules. They are 
proved by the visitation of Berkshire. A 
number of Bradleys are found among the 
early settlers of New England, and as the 
same names are often repeated, they prob- 
ably had a common ancestor. 

The American ancestry of this branch 
of the Bradley family can be traced to 
William Bradley, who came from Old 
England to New Haven, Connecticut, in 
July, 1637. His son, Daniel Bradley, of 
New Haven, Connecticut, died about the 
year 1705, aged sixty-eight years. His 
son. Deacon Daniel Bradley, of Hamden, 
died in February, 1773, in the sixty-sev- 
enth year of his age. His son. Captain 
Jesse Bradley, was born May 4, 1736, died 
July 26, 1812. He served with honor in 
the Revolutionary War. He removed to 
the State of New York from Lee, Massa- 
chusetts. His wife, Mamre Bradley, born 
May 2, 1738, bore him the following 
named children : Esther, born November 
17- 1753' died May 24, 1776; Jared, born 
August 25, 1760; Eli, born May 3, 1762; 

II 



Jesse, born December 22, 1765 ; Mamre, 
born December 22, 1765; Joseph, born 
October 19, 1767; Lydia, born September 
4, 1769, died February 11, 1773; William, 
born August i, 1771 ; Lewis, born June 
28, 1773 ; Lydia, born September 28, 1775 ; 
Daniel, born March 4, 1779. The line of 
descent is carried through the youngest 
son, Daniel Bradley, who married Pa- 
tience , born March 4, 1780, and 

their children were : Christopher Colum- 
bus, mentioned below ; Marilla, born 
April 16, 1802; Daniel, born August 23, 
1804; Joseph I. B., born March i, 1806; 
Hannah, born April 12, 1808; David, born 
November 8, 181 1; Mary, born August 
II, 1813; Esther, born May 23, 1817; 
Lemi, born June 12, 1822. 

Christopher Columbus Bradley, born 
December 6, 1800, died January 3, 1872. 
He was a resident of Groton, New York, 
and from that town removed to Syracuse, 
New York, in 1822. He established the 
first foundry in Syracuse. The business 
prospered, and was an important factor 
in the growth and development of the 
town, and Mr. Bradley became one of the 
most important figures in the community. 
In 1855 he removed from the "Old City 
Foundry" to the corner of Marcellus and 
Wyoming streets, and took his sons. 
Waterman Chapman and Christopher 
Columbus, Jr., into partnership with him 
under the firm name of C. C. Bradley & 
Sons. Among a number of public offices 
filled by him were those of village trustee 
and county treasurer. He married Hul- 
dah Gilbert, born December 28, 1802, died 
June 15, 1889, and their children were: 
I. Daniel Carr, born August 12, 1827, died 
June 20, 1867. 2. George Willett, born 
April 8, 1830, died February 20, 1882 ; he 
was appointed captain and assistant quar- 
termaster in a New York regiment in 
1862, served until September, 1864, when 
he was made chief quartermaster of the 
Tenth Army Corps under General Bir- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ney ; he earned recognition from General 
Grant and was soon promoted to the rank 
of colonel ; he remained in the service 
until iS66, and was then transferred to 
the regular army, where he filled various 
important positions in militafry circles 
until his death. 3. Waterman Chapman, 
born January 9, 1832, who was a mem- 
ber of the firm of C. C. Bradley & Sons. 
4. Christopher Columbus, mentioned be- 
low. 5. Sarah E., born February 23, 1841. 
6. Rowland G., born April 28, 1843, died 
August ID, 1847. 

Christopher Columbus Bradley, Jr., 
was born in Syracuse, New York, March 
6, 1834. The public schools of his native 
town furnished him with a substantial 
and practical education, and from his 
earliest years his spare time was spent 
in the foundry established by his father. 
In this manner he acquired a practical 
knowledge of the details of the industry, 
which was of great benefit to him when, 
at the age of seventeen years, he became 
associated with his father in the busi- 
ness. He and his brother, Waterman 
Chapman, were admitted to the firm as 
partners, the style of the firm being 
changed to C. C. Bradley & Sons. W. C. 
Bradley subsequently withdrew from the 
firm, and the business was continued as 
C. C. Bradley & Son, until the death of 
the elder Bradley, when it was again 
changed, this time to Bradley & Company, 
and continued thus until 1896, when the 
present firm of C. C. Bradley & Son was 
organized for the manufacture of carriage 
shaft couplers. The present members of 
the firm are : C. C. Bradley, Sr., president ; 
Cora M. Bradley, vice-president ; C. C. 
Bradley, Jr., secretary and treasurer. An- 
other firm, for the manufacture of power 
hammers and forges, was organized in 1894 
as the Bradley Company, with officers as 
follows : C. C. Bradley, Sr., president ; 
C. C. Bradley, Jr., vice-president; W. C. 
Bradley, secretary and treasurer ; Calvin 



S. Bunnell, assistant treasurer. When W. 
C. Bradley died in 1902, this second com- 
pany was merged into the firm of C. C. 
Bradley & Son. Mr. Bradley has always 
given his staunch and consistent support 
to the Republican party, but he has had 
but little time to spare from his numerous 
and responsible business interests. How- 
ever, yielding to repeated solicitation, he 
served as alderman of the Fifth Ward 
during the administration of Mayor 
Frank Carroll. He is a life member of 
the New York State Agricultural Society, 
the Century Club, the Citizens' Club, the 
Syracuse Chamber of Commerce. 

Mr. Bradley married, January 28, 1857, 
Emma Pelton, daughter of Robert M. 
Pelton, a tanner of Syracuse. Mrs. Brad- 
ley is a charter member of the Fourth 
Presbyterian Church. Children: i. 
Hattie L., who became the wife of Ed- 
ward R. Woodle, of Chicago. 2. Cora 
M., member of the firm of Bradley Com- 
pany. 3. Christopher Columbus, also 
member of Bradley & Company ; he was 
born January 26, 1873 i married, April 12, 
1899, Elizabeth Goodwin, of Kane, Penn- 
sylvania ; children : Charles Goodwin, 
born July 5, 1901, and Christopher Co- 
lumbus, born January 20, 1909. 



LUDINGTON, James S., 

Lawyer, Public Official. 

The efi^orts of James S. Ludington, 
known for many years as one of the ablest 
and most distinguished lawyers of Onon- 
daga county. New York, have proved of 
the greatest value to his fellow citizens 
as well as to himself. He has shaped his 
career along worthy lines, and his talents 
have been discerningly directed along 
well defined channels of endeavor. He is 
a man of distinct and forceful individual- 
ity, of marked sagacity, of undaunted 
enterprise, and in manner he is genial, 
courteous and approachable. His career 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



is such as to warrant the trust and con- 
fidence of the public and his activity in 
legal circles forms no unimportant chap- 
ter in the history of the State. The public 
is rarely mistaken in its estimation of a 
man, and were Mr. Ludington not most 
worthy, he could not have gained the 
eminent position he has so long held in 
legal, public and social life, without any 
abatement of his popularity. By his own 
persistent and legitimate labors he has 
won for himself a name whose luster 
future years will most surely augment. 

Mr. Ludington's sterling qualities have 
been transmitted to him by a distin- 
guished ancestry, among which we find : 
William Ludington, who became a resi- 
dent of Charlestown, Massachusetts, in 
1642, and died there in 1662. Comfort 
Ludington, another member of the family, 
of Rambout Precinct, Dutchess county. 
New York, who affixed his name to the 
"Revolutionary Pledge," signed by the 
freeholders of that county in the spring 
of 1775; following the outbreak of hos- 
tilities he served as captain in Colonel 
Jacob Swartwout's regiment of Ulster 
county. New York, in 1775, and in 1776 
commanded a company of the Fourth 
New York Foot. Again the family was 
represented in military service by Zalmon 
Ludington, who served as a soldier in the 
War of 1812 ; his distinguished sons were : 
Major-General Marshall I. Ludington, 
who was placed on the retired list at his 
own request in 1903 ; Hagan Z. Luding- 
ton, who served in the Civil War as cap- 
tain in the Eighty-fifth Regiment Penn- 
sylvania Volunteers ; Horace, who served 
in the same struggle as major and sur- 
geon of the One Hundredth Regiment 
Pennsylvania Volunteers ; and Elisha H., 
who also served in the Civil War, as cap- 
tain in the Seventeenth Regiment United 
States Infantry, and was subsequently 
major and brevet colonel, inspector- 

120 



department. United States 
Ludington, son of George W. 



general's 
army. 

James S. 

Ludington, was born in Parish, Oswego 
county. New York, January 25, 1858. He 
was educated at the academies in Mexico 
and Pulaski, being graduated from the 
latter in 1877, when he at once took up 
the study of law in Syracuse, New York, 
in the office of Ludington & DeCamp, and 
was admitted to the bar in January, 1880. 
He commenced the active practice of 
his profession in Vinton, Iowa, in the 
spring of 1880, but soon returned to 
Oswego county, where he was engaged 
in practice in Parish and Phoenix until 
April, 1893, when he removed to Syra- 
cuse, since which time he has been promi- 
nently identified with the law and polit- 
ical affairs in that city. He has had as 
partners at various times, Jay B. Kline, 
B. J. Shove, Daniel Y. Salmon, J. J. 
Kennelly, M. L. McCarthy, and at the 
present time the firm is Ludington, Hay- 
den & Setright. During his residence 
in Oswego county, Mr. Ludington served 
as school commissioner for the Second 
District for a period of three years, com- 
mencing in 1884, and in that campaign 
only fourteen votes were cast against him 
in his home town of Parish. He was 
elected alderman from the Fourth Ward 
in Syracuse in the fall of 1897. Since liv- 
ing in Syracuse, Mr. Ludington has been 
active in behalf of his party, and has fre- 
quently spoken for its nominees. In 1899 
he was appointed assistant corporation 
counsel by Mayor James K. McGuire, and 
served in that capacity two years. In 
the fall of 191 1 he was the candidate of 
the Democratic party for the office of 
mayor of Syracuse. He is a member of 
Republican Lodge, No. 325 Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, of Parish ; Oswego River 
Chapter, Royal Arch Masons, of Phoenix, 
New York; Modern Woodmen of Amer- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ica ; Onondaga County Bar Association ; 
Masonic Temple Club ; and the City Club. 
Mr. Ludington married, in June, 1884, 
Kate M., daughter of C. W. Woods, of 
Pulaski, New York, and they have one 
, son : George W. Mr. Ludington is essen- 
tially cosmopolitan in his ideas, a man of 
the people in the fullest sense, and a rep- 
resentative type of that strong American 
manhood which commands and retains 
respect by reason of inherent merit, sound 
sense and correct conduct. He has so 
impressed his individuality upon his fel- 
lowmen wherever his lot has been cast, 
as to win their highest esteem and become 
a strong and influential power in leading 
them to high and noble things. Measured 
by the accepted standard of excellence his 
career has been eminently honorable and 
useful, and his life fraught with great 
good to humanity and to the world. 



SMITH. Wing R., 
Leading Cattle Importer and Breeder. 

Wing R. Smith, a highly respected 
citizen of Syracuse, is a lineal descendant 
of the Rev. Nehemiah Smith, who came 
to America from England in 1630, and 
located in Nantic, Connecticut, where his 
farm is still owned by his posterity. 

William Brown Smith, father of Wing 
R. Smith, was born in Brighton, Monroe 
county. New York, March 2, 1815, son of 
Job C. and Esther (Brown) Smith. His 
mother died at the time of his birth, and 
he was placed in the care of Mrs. Jere- 
miah Maples, of West Walworth, New 
York, where he remained until 1828, when 
his foster father died, his foster mother 
having died some six years previously. 
His own father had married again and 
moved to Ohio. William B. Smith then 
learned the trade of cabinetmaking, under 
Joshua Hicks, of Walworth, and after 
his death continued with his son, Levi J. 
Hicks, in the shop and on the farm. 



When twenty-one years of age he pos- 
sessed a trade, a set of tools, good cloth- 
ing, and one hundred dollars in money. 
After a canal trip to Buffalo and lake trip 
to Sandusky, Ohio, he paid his first visit 
to his father, and returning he entered 
the cabinet shop of James Jenner, of 
Palmyra, New York, and soon became a 
foreman, and four years later had laid up 
a thousand dollars. He then entered into 
mercantile business in Walworth with his 
brother-in-law, T. G. Yeomans, which 
connection continued for some time. 
About 1844 Mr. Smith came to Syracuse 
and purchased an interest in a small 
nursery of about five acres, of Alanson 
Thorp, on West Genesee street. The 
business increased under various part- 
ners, and finallj Mr. Smith became sole 
owner. In 1868 Edward A. Powell, his 
son-in-law, became his partner, and soon 
after live stock interests were added, from 
which was developed the celebrated 
"Lakeside Stock Farm." In 1877 Wing 
R. and Judson W. Smith entered the firm 
under the style of Smiths & Powell, and 
in 1885 Anthony Lamb became a partner 
under the name of Smiths, Powell & 
Lamb. Later the Smiths & Powell Com- 
pany was incorporated with William 
Brown Smith, president; Edward A. 
Powell, vice-president; Wing R. Smith, 
secretary; and W. Judson Smith, treas- 
urer. Prior to this the nursery business 
had become of paramount importance, 
while considerable attention was given to 
flowers and hot house plants, the florist 
branch being conducted under the name 
of P. R. Quinlan & Company. Shortly 
after the death of Mr. Smith, which 
occurred at his home in West Genesee 
street, Syracuse, March 10, 1896, the busi- 
ness was given up and the lands were 
partitioned off, each member of the cor- 
poration holding and cultivating in their 
own name parts of the original farm. Mr. 
Smith, Sr., was also largely interested in 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



real estate. He served as school commis- 
sioner several terms, president of the 
board one year; was president of Oak- 
wood Cemetery, vice-president of the 
Syracuse Savings Bank, director in the 
Salt Springs National Bank and old Syra- 
cuse Water Company, treasurer of the 
Holstein-Friesian Association of America, 
counselor of the Old Ladies' Home, and 
trustee of May Memorial Church and 
president of the board. 

Mr. Smith married (first) Lucy, daugh- 
ter of Gilbert Yeomans, of Walworth. 
He married (second) Augusta Maria, 
daughter of Silas and Keziah (Hallock) 
Boardman, of Westerlo, Albany county, 
New York, whose family of three sons 
and six daughters grew to maturity and 
all lived long and useful lives ; Silas died 
at age of ninety-five, Adeline at age 
of ninety-three, Lucy at age of eighty- 
nine, and Augusta at age of eighty-seven 
years. Silas Boardman descended from 
the early English settlers, the "Bormans" 
of Wethersfield, Connecticut, and from 
whence have descended the Boardman 
family known throughout the United 
States in professional and business life as 
men of character and integrity and as 
women of pure and moral life, choosing 
to be home makers rather than seeking 
for name and fame outside of the home. 

Augusta Maria (Boardman) Smith was 
born in South Westerlo, Albany county. 
New York, March i6, 1S19, the youngest 
daughter and child in the family. She 
cast her lot with that never-to-be-forgot- 
ten, liberal-minded, energetic, trustworthy 
townsman, William Brown Smith, who 
for nearly sixty years made Syracuse his 
home and place of residence. They were 
married in the home they afterwards 
made their owni6r many years, but which 
at the time w/s owned and occupied by 
Alanson TJ^orp, who married Lucy 
Boardman, a sister of Mrs. Smith. For 
sixty years Mrs. Smith acted as queen of 

12 



this household and only relinquished its 
control when weight of years and the 
hand of time made her pleased to turn to 
her only daughter, Mrs. Edward A. 
Powell, who had always made her home 
with her, and yield to her the domestic 
power she had so long held ; this enabled 
her to live a life of freedom from care 
for a year or more, and happy in her 
ability to amuse herself with her garden, 
of which she was passionately fond, and 
to be able to visit her son whose ill health 
had driven him, with his family, to the 
Pacific coast, and there for a few weeks 
she was able to see and realize the beau- 
ties and glories of that beautiful land of 
fruit and flowers, in company with her 
son and his family, whom she held so 
dear. Upon her return home she visited 
all those cities of which she had read and 
heard so much, this being a crowning 
act and a fitting one to her long and useful 
life. Always pure in heart as well as in 
spirit, she kept her mind singularly free 
from the gossips and slanders that fill in 
so much of the life of the women of our 
day. Always being desirous of being 
helpful, she gave of her strength and sub- 
stance freely until saddened by the loss of 
her husband, when she turned to her 
friends and her flowers, in that quiet and 
unostentatious way that left her as one 
forgotten except to those into whose life 
she was able to throw some sunshine and 
happiness. An intelligent and careful 
reader, she had stored her mind with 
much that lends polish and grace to a 
person of years and made her a charming 
companion. Abhoring cant and falsity 
she tried by her words and her acts to 
teach truth, right living, pure thoughts 
and a spirit of peace and love towards all. 
Almost too outspoken in her desire to 
express her abhorence of what she con- 
sidered base and ignoble or false, she 
never willingly gave offence but was al- 
ways fearless in her utterance. She was 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



long identified with the Unitarian church 
and was for many years a regular attend- 
ant. Her home was her realm and there 
she ruled through love, justice and con- 
tentment. Four children were born to 
her: Lucy C, who became the wife of 
Edward A. Powell, aforementioned ; 
Wing R., of whom further; William 
Judson, who died in Monrovia, Califor- 
nia, October 5, 1907, and who married 
Laura Geddes, daughter of James and 
Frances Terry Geddes, having a son, Wil- 
liam Brown Smith ; Julia, who died in 
early childhood. The mother of these 
children passed away December 26, 1906, 
and was laid in beautiful Oakwood Ceme- 
tery, which her husband did so much to 
establish and beautify. 

Wing R. Smith was born in Syracuse, 
New York, on West Genesee street, 
March 9, 1850, and has always maintained 
a residence in that city, where he at 
present resides at No. 601 Park avenue, 
corner of Van Rensselaer street. He re- 
ceived his education at the public and 
private schools in Syracuse, having been 
under the instruction of W. W. Ray- 
mond in old No. 5 or Prescott School, 
and under T. D. Camp in old No. 7 or 
Putnam School. From those he went to 
Peekskill Military Academy, on the Hud- 
son, and remained one year, and in the 
year 186S he entered Cornell University 
under Andrew D. White, affiliating him- 
self with the Kappa Alpha Society, in 
which he still maintains great interest. 
After two years spent in the study of 
agriculture at Cornell he spent a winter 
in the National Greenhouses in Wash- 
ington, D. C, under Mr. William 
Saunders, and later returned to Syracuse 
and entered into the employ of the firm 
of Smith, Clark & Powell. A year and a 
half spent in Europe, mostly in Paris, 
Berlin, and Hanover, in studying the 
French and German languages, and in 
travel over northern Europe, brought him 



back to his native land and city, and here 
he again connected I himself with his 
father's business until he was admitted 
to partnership in 1877, with his father, 
brother and brother-in-law, also An- 
thony Lamb, under the firm name of 
Smiths, Powell & Lamb, and which later 
became incorporated under the name of 
Smiths & Powell Company, and during 
this time Mr. Smith made a number of 
trips to Europe and there made selections 
of animals for his firm, a number of which 
have gone down in history as animals of 
great achievements, and from these were 
founded the world renowned families of 
Holstein-Friesian cattle known as Aaggie, 
Netherland, Clothilde, Artis, Alexander, 
numbers of which have become famous 
alike in the production of milk and butter 
and in the show ring as well, and at the 
present time (1915) many of the greatest 
animals of the breed trace directly to 
these families. In the division of the 
lands after the death of Mr. Smith, Sr., 
aforementioned, Mr. Wing R. Smith be- 
came the owner of the farm and stables 
at what is known as "Lakeland," where 
he maintains a large herd of beautiful 
Holstein-Friesian cattle. Succeeding his 
father as treasurer of the Holstein-Fries- 
ian Association of America, Mr. Smith 
has since held that exalted position and 
under his management of the funds the 
association has grown to be the most 
influential and wealthiest association of 
its kind in the world. Mr. Smith is a 
vice-president of the New York State 
Agricultural Society, secretary of the Hol- 
stein-Friesian Breeders' Club of New 
York State, a trustee in the Syracuse 
Savings Bank, in Oakwood Cemetery, 
in St. Joseph's Hospital Aid Society, a 
director in the Farmers' and Traders' 
Life Insurance Company, and also holds 
other important and responsible positions. 
He is a member of the Citizens' Club of 
Syracuse, the City Club of Syracuse, and 



123 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



other social and fraternal organizations of 
the city and State. 

Mr. Smith married, December 21, 1881, 
Mary A., daughter of Payn and Hannah 
(Munro) Bigelow, of Baldwinsville, New 
York. Three daughters were born to 
them: Hannah Munro, who became the 
wife of Lewis Dudley Waters, of Hast- 
ings, Michigan, where they and their two 
daughters, Jane and Betty, reside; 
Esther Wing, unmarried, living with her 
parents; Dorothy Bigelow, who became 
the wife of Oscar Frank Soule, and with 
their son, Channing F., live in Syracuse, 
Mr. Soule being connected with the firm 
of Merrell-Soule Company. 



MAGEE, Walter Warren, ' 

Iiavyer, Congressman. 

Walter Warren Magee was born at 
Groveland, Livingston county, New York, 
May 23, 1861, a son of John and Mariet 
(Patchin) Magee. He attended the com- 
mon schools and Geneseo State Normal, 
was graduated from Phillips Exeter Acad- 
emy at Exeter, New Hampshire, in the 
class of 1885 and from Harvard College 
in the class of 1889, receiving an honor- 
able, mention in history and political 
economy and delivering his class day 
oration. 

His paternal grandfather came to this 
country with two of his brothers from 
the north of Ireland in 1792. His father, 
John Magee, was born in 181 2 at Grove- 
land. His mother, whose maiden name 
was Mariet Patchin, was the granddaugh- 
ter of Dr. Warren Patchin, who founded 
Patchinsville, Steuben county. New York. 
She was of New England Yankee and 
Pennsylvania Dutch ancestry, and died in 
1892. His father and mother were mem- 
bers of the Presbyterian church. He was 
the sixth of a family of nine children: 
Frances, Luella, Charles M., John C, 
Jane, Walter W., Edward M., Evangia 



ixnd Mary. His brother, Charles M., a 
prominent surgeon in Syracuse, died in 
October, 1896. His brother, Edward M., 
is now serving his third term in the New 
York State Assembly from Livingston 
county. His father was prominent in the 
old training days in the State, and in 
1842 was made a colonel in the State 
militia, receiving his commission from 
Governor William H. Seward. He was a 
Democrat in politics until the election of 
i860, when he cast his first Republican 
vote for Abraham Lincoln. He died in 
1890. 

Of the three Magee brothers who came 
to this country in 1792, one settled in the 
south and was lost track of; Mr. Magee's 
grandfather located at Groveland and the 
third brother also in the north. John 
Magee, a son of this third brother, served 
with distinction in the War of 1812. He 
resided in Bath, New York, and later 
became a member of Congress, serving in 
that body from 1828 to 1832. 

In September, 1889, Walter W. Magee 
located in Syracuse. He studied law in 
the offices of Baldwin, Lewis & Kennedy, 
and in November, 1891, was admitted to 
the bar. He served as a member of the 
board of supervisors of Onondaga county 
in the session of 1892-93. In 1896 he be- 
came the law partner of Charles G. Bald- 
win, Esq., with whom he is still asso- 
ciated. He was corporation counsel of 
the city of Syracuse for ten years from 
January i, 1904, serving under Mayors 
Fobes and Schoeneck. In November, 
1914, he was elected to the Sixty-fourth 
Congress as the representative of the 
Thirty-fifth District, New York, by ap- 
proximately 8,000 plurality. He is fond 
of outdoor sports and recreation. He is a 
member of the Citizens' Club, Chamber 
of Commerce, Century Club, Onondaga 
Golf and Country Club, University Club, 
Harvard Club of Syracuse, Hasty Pud- 
ding Club of Harvard, Masonic Temple 




S^^^Ty:^^^^^^^^— 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Club, Syracuse Escort and Banner Young 
Men's Republican Club. 

He was married, at Fort Niobrara, 
Nebraska, in 1895, to Sarah Genevieve 
Wood, a daughter of Brigadier-General 
Palmer G. Wood, who now resides at 
Los Angeles, California. They have no 
children. 



WARD, Levi, 

Connecticut Tract Agent. 

From early Colonial days the name 
Ward has been prominently known in 
New England, and since 1816 has been 
a familiar and honored one in Western 
New York, its introduction following by 
but a few years the first settlement at 
Falls Town, now the city of Rochester. 
Dr. Levi Ward, grandfather of Frank 
Addison Ward, came to Bergen, a village 
of Genesee county, eighteen miles south- 
west of Rochester, in 1816, as agent for 
the State of Connecticut. His mission 
was to dispose of ico,ooo acres of land 
known as the "Connecticut Tract" belong- 
ing to the school fund of that State. 
Bergen, being located in about the center 
of the tract, was chosen as his first resi- 
dence but he soon afterward made 
Rochester his home. Dr. Ward's agency 
for the sale of the "Connecticut Tract" 
continued during his lifetime and at his 
death passed to his son, Levi A. Ward, 
who acted as agent until it was all sold. 
Dr. Levi Ward was born in Haddam, 
Connecticut, was a graduate of Yale Col- 
lege, and practiced medicine in Haddam 
until coming to Western New York. 



WARD, Levi A., 

Pioneer, Enterprising Citizen. 

Levi A. Ward, son of Dr. Levi Ward, 
was born in Haddam, Connecticut, in 
1801, died in Rochester, New York, Au- 
gust 6, 1881. He came to Rochester with 



his father in 1816, and as that city was 
also in its infancy at that time they liter- 
ally grew up together, Mr. Ward bearing 
an important part in the development of 
his adopted city throughout a long and 
useful life. He began business life as a 
merchant, but later became very promi- 
nent in the insurance world as agent and 
official. His partner in mercantile life 
was William H. Ward, but after entering 
the insurance business Mr. Ward asso- 
ciated with his son, Levi F. Ward, under 
the firm name of L. A. & L. F. Ward. 
Their agency was a very successful one, 
representing a number of the strongest 
fire insurance companies and has never 
passed out of the family name, being now 
conducted by a grandson of the founder 
as Levi S. Ward & Company. In 1836 
Levi A. Ward aided in the organization 
of the Monroe County Mutual Insurance 
Company, of which he was secretary 
until it passed out of existence through 
voluntary liquidation in 1865. That com- 
pany during its twenty-nine years of life 
wrote $100,000,000 of insurance and when 
the books were finally closed, a surplus 
remained that was voted as a gift to the 
Rochester Female Charitable Society of 
which Mr. Ward was also secretary. He 
was one of the organizers of the original 
Rochester Gas Company and its president 
from incorporation until its absorption by 
another company. The public service 
rendered by Mr. Ward to his city and its 
institutions were exceedingly varied and 
weighty. While still a young man he 
served several terms on the board of 
supervisors and was the first president of 
the board of education. From 1845 to 
1847 he was a member of Common Coun- 
cil and in 1849 ^^s elected mayor. The 
years of his term were also Ireland's years 
of suffering from the "great" famine, 
suffering that Rochester under the active 
lead of Mayor Ward did a great deal to 
relieve by donations of money and pro- 



125 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



visions. In 1849 the Rochester Athen- 
aeum adopted a new constitution and 
under its provisions Mr. Ward was 
chosen president until the new year 
began, then was elected for a full term. 
He was a member of the first board of 
directors of the City Hospital, a director 
of the Industrial School and a manager 
of the House of Refuge, serving for one 
year as president of the board. He was 
a member of the building committees in 
charge of the erection of the old Monroe 
court house, the old county poor house 
and the city hall (1850) and the Rochester 
City Bank building. For many years he 
was an elder of the First Presbyterian 
Church, and for fifteen years was super- 
intendent of the Sunday school. He aided 
in organizing and founding St. Peter's 
Presbyterian Church, was chosen one of 
its first elders and for many years served 
in that capacity. 

It was said of Mr. Ward by one of his 
contemporaries : "He was always a 
vigorous and pushing man and possessed 
in the best sense those qualities which 
make the successful man, the kind neigh- 
bor, the good citizen. He was by nature 
a leader and when he supported a move- 
ment he was sure to make his influence 
felt for its good. His ideas were broad and 
well defined, while the power to execute 
them was illustrated in many and varied 
fields." Said another. "He was regarded 
as a safe and accurate judge of securities 
and large matters were entrusted to him." 
The death of Mr. Ward was genuinely 
regretted by his community, for during 
his long career he had served the public 
without consideration of personal inter- 
ests and his sterling qualities of mind and 
heart had won perfect confidence and 
loyal esteem. 

He married Harriet Kemp, born in 
England, daughter of George Kemp, who 
came to Livingston county. New York, in 
1825. Children: Levi F., deceased; 



Frank Addison, of further mention ; Her- 
bert L., of Rochester; Rev. George K., 
of New York City ; , married Au- 
gustus Waters, deceased ; Mary, deceased. 



WARD, Frank Addison, ' 
Head of Natural Science Establislinieiit. 

Frank Addison Ward, son of Levi A. 
and Harriet (Kemp) Ward, was born in 
Rochester, New York, 185 1. He prepared 
at Satterlee Collegiate Institute of 
Rochester, then entered Princeton Uni- 
versity, whence he was graduated Bach- 
elor of Arts, class of 1870. From 1870 
until 1875 he was associated with his 
father in the fire insurance business, then 
became identified with the business of 
which he is now the executive head. The 
business founded by Henry A. Ward was 
incorporated in 1890 as Ward's Natural 
Science Establishment, Henry A. Ward, 
president, Frank A. Ward, treasurer. 
Upon the death of the president in 1906 
Frank A. Ward succeeded him as direct- 
ing head of a business whose value in the 
promotion of knowledge is little under- 
stood outside educational circles. The 
mission of the establishment is to supply 
colleges, museums and collectors in this 
country and Europe with natural history 
specimens of any kind or in any quantity 
desired. This requires the establishment 
to carry large and varied stocks and to 
this end they are themselves large col- 
lectors of rare and valuable specimens. 
As president and treasurer of the estab- 
lishment and in the collection, description 
and classification of specimens, Mr. 
Ward's time would seem to be fully 
occupied, but he has been a director of 
the Merchants' Bank for several years and 
a director of the Rochester Trust & Safe 
Deposit Company since its incorporation. 

Like his honored father Mr. Ward is 
keenly alive to his responsibilities as a 
citizen and has devoted a generous por- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tion of his time to the public service of 
his city. For twelve years he has served 
as a member of Common Council and has 
always been found among the supporters 
of those measures and identified with 
those movements tending to promote the 
common good. He is a Republican in 
politics, an Episcopalian in religious faith 
and for nearly forty years has been a 
vestryman of Christ Parish of which he is 
now senior warden. He is a member of 
the Chamber of Commerce and of the 
Genesee Valley and Rochester Country 
clubs. 

He married Mary H., daughter of Wil- 
liam B. Douglas, of Rochester. Their 
living children are : William Douglas, M. 
D. ; Frank Hawley ; Charlotte, married 
Commander Amon Bronson, of the 
United States navy; Emma, married Wil- 
liam G. Woolfolk, of Chicago ; George 
Merritt; Marie, married Harold G. Bent- 
ley, of Rochester; Cornelia; Dudley L. 



RANDALL, James A., 

Accomplished Architect. 

It does not need the name of the artist 
on a painting to determine who the artist 
was and so it is with the really talented 
architect. His work bears the imprint of 
his genius and can everywhere be distin- 
guished from that of others. So with the 
pretentious buildings planned by Mr. 
Randall. He has an original manner of 
treating the different orders of architec- 
ture and so designing a building that its 
location, material and design all blend 
into one complete and harmonious whole. 
In fact the genius he displays in creating 
buildings that harmonize with their sur- 
roundings, the material of which they are 
constructed and the purpose for which 
they are intended, proves that he is an 
architect and not a draughtman merely 
or a drawer of tasteful designs. 

Mr. Randall has had a wide experience 



in designing and construction and it is 
worthy of comment that the architect 
under whom he studied and perfected his 
art, thought so highly of his attainments 
that for several years they were asso- 
ciated in partnership as Kirby & Randall, 
architects of Syracuse, New York. 

James A. Randall was born at Syra- 
cuse, December 21, 1861, son of Colonel 
James Randall, a former contractor of 
stone constructive work, and a noted 
builder. He attended the public schools 
of Syracuse, and after a course in high 
school, in 1880 entered the office of James 
H. Kirby, a leading architect of Syracuse, 
as an apprentice. He completed a full 
course of architectural instruction under 
Mr. Kirby and in his studies went far 
beyond the routine of office study, thor- 
oughly mastering every collateral study 
that would add to his mental and artistic 
equipment. During the construction of 
the West Shore railroad he made his 
home in New York City, being a member 
of the staff of that company in charge of 
the architectural designing of its many 
buildings of various kinds in all cities and 
towns through which the road passed. 
This gave him rich experience and so 
established him in his profession that 
commissions awaited him upon his return 
to private designing. 

After the completion of the West Shore 
he returned to Syracuse and accepted the 
offer of his old instructor, James H. 
Kirby, to form a partnership. The firm 
of Kirby & Randall was thus formed and 
so continued for several years. Later the 
partnership was dissolved and the firm of 
Merrick & Randall formed that has 
existed for the past twenty years. 

There are many monuments standing 
in Syracuse and vicinity to the skill and 
genius of Mr. Randall, among the most 
noteworthy the following perhaps, best 
display his versatility and originality: 
Carnegie Library, Syracuse ; Carnegie 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Library, Solvay ; Sacred Heart Polish 
Church, Syracuse ; the reconstructed 
Church of the Assumption and Convent, 
Syracuse ; the Poultry Building, State 
Fair Grounds; Temple Theatre, Syra- 
cuse; residence of Bishop John Grimes, 
Syracuse ; residence of Edwin F. Torrey, 
Clinton, New York ; Syracuse Vocational 
School, and Delaware School, Syracuse. 

Mr. Randall is a man of strong public 
spirit and aids with personal work and 
influence in the management of many of 
the institutions of his city. He is a mem- 
ber of the board of managers of Newark 
Asylum for Feeble Minded Women, also 
is one of the managers of that great Syra- 
cuse organization, the Citizens' Club, and 
that true philanthropy, the Newsboys 
Club. He is also a member of the 
Chamber of Commerce, and Onondaga 
Historical Society. Other clubs to which 
Mr. Randall belongs other than the two 
mentioned are the Century, Onondaga 
Country, Bellevue Country, Technolog>', 
and the order of Knights of Columbus. 
He has ever been a devotee of sports of 
the great "out-of-doors," with a particular 
liking for tennis, holding with the late A. 
D. Jenney the local double championship 
for several years in succession. 



BENTON, George Alden, ^' 
LaMpyer, Jurist. 

A justice of the Supreme Court of the 
State of New York for many years, Judge 
Benton reached that high judicial position 
solely through genuine ability, strength 
of character and fitness, the honor coming 
from his fellow-citizens in recognition of 
the sterling qualities that distinguish 
him. Although born in Connecticut he is 
a graduate of New York's two great uni- 
versities, Cornell and Columbia, his 
student years marked by a high order of 
scholarship and honors conferred by his 

I 



class. His legal career has been a suc- 
cession of honors bestowed by his fellow- 
men, the first in recognition of the high 
standing he attained during his first ten 
years of legal practice, each succeeding 
office filled clearly demonstrating his 
fidelity to duty and ability to fulfill 
greater trusts. As practitioner, district 
attorney, surrogate, county judge and 
Supreme Court Justice he has justified 
the confidence reposed in him and the 
legal records of his State teem with 
evidences of his learning, wisdom and 
judicial acumen. His opinions are always 
clear, profound and logical, delivered in 
as few words as the character of the case 
under consideration will permit. His life 
has been devoted to his profession and 
every public honor that has come to him 
has been of a legal character. This does 
not argue that he is not interested in 
other things that affect the public welfare 
— for he is — that interest having been 
strongly displayed in the cause of educa- 
tion, in fraternal affiliation, in political 
activity and many other ways. His inter- 
est in the Masonic order covers a period 
of many years and in the Scottish Rite he 
has attained that greatly coveted degree, 
the thirty-third, one that is only bestowed 
in recognition of distinguished service in 
behalf of the order. 

George Alden Benton was born in Tol- 
land, Connecticut, May 7, 1848, son of 
Azariah L. and Louisa (Alden) Benton. 
On his mother's side he traces direct de- 
scent from John Alden. His youth was 
spent in acquiring a preparatory educa- 
tion, followed by two years at Williams 
College, 1867-68. He then entered Cornell 
University, receiving from that institution 
the degree of Bachelor of Arts, class of 
1871, he also having been honored with 
the presidency of his class. For one year 
after leaving the university he taught 
school, then entered Columbia Law 



28 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



School, New York City, whence he was 
graduated Bachelor of Laws, class of 
1874. He at once began the practice of 
law, locating in Rochester, New York, 
where he formed a partnership with 
Pomeroy P. Dickenson, an association 
terminated in 1884 by the election of Mr. 
Benton as district attorney of Monroe 
county. From 1884 until 1890 he filled 
that office with credit to himself and 
benefit to the county, prosecuting vigor- 
ously when justice so demanded, but ever 
tempering justice with mercy. From 
1890 until 1894 he was engaged in private 
practice in Rochester, but in the latter 
year was again called into the public serv- 
ice through election to the office of sur- 
rogate of Monroe county. He served as 
surrogate until 1906, then was appointed 
by Governor Higgins county judge of 
Monroe county. He served on the county 
bench until December 31, 1906, then took 
his seat upon the Supreme Court bench, 
having been elected a justice of the Su- 
preme Court at the general State election 
held the preceding November. His term 
of office will expire December 31, 1918. 
Although a lifelong Republican with 
potent influence in party councils, he has 
never sought the preferment and honor 
received from his party. Quiet and rather 
reserved in manner he has pursued the 
even tenor of his way, doing each day's 
work as it presented itself, growing 
stronger as the years progressed, shirking 
no responsibility, but meeting each new 
demand made upon him by his fellowmen 
as the call of duty not to be disregarded. 
He is an honor to an honored profession, 
and in return for each office conferred has 
given the people the best of his learning, 
wisdom, judgment and experience. 

For many years Judge Benton has been 
a member of the Masonic order and now 
holds all degrees of both York and Scottish 
Rites. He is a past master of Yonnondio 

N Y-Vol IV-9 I ; 



Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons; a 
companion of Hamilton Chapter, Royal 
Arch Masons; a sir knight of Monroe 
Commandery, Knights Templar ; a noble 
of Damascus Temple, Ancient Arabic 
Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, and a 
thirty-third degree Mason of Rochester 
Consistory, Ancient and Accepted Scot- 
tish Rite. He was president of the asso- 
ciation that erected the Masonic Temple 
in Rochester and has rendered the order 
much distinguished service that has been 
recognized officially by the bestowal upon 
him of Masonry's highest degree, the 
thirty-third, a degree that may not be 
applied for, but is in reality conferred as 
an honor that has been won. He is a 
member of the Alumni associations of 
Cornell and Columbia universities, and at 
alumni reunions has been the orator of 
the occasion. His fraternities are D. U. 
and Phi Beta Kappa. 

Judge Benton's home is at Spencerport, 
Monroe county. New York, nine miles 
from Rochester, that town also being the 
home of the Farmers' Library, the oldest 
of its kind in the State of New York. 
That institution, once prosperous and use- 
ful, having fallen into a state of coma, 
was revived by Judge Benton and his 
friends, and with his election to the presi- 
dency the library is again an excellent 
source of benefit to the community. This 
is in line with the lifelong interest he has 
taken in the cause of education and in 
educational movements. In earlier days 
he was a very effective campaign orator 
and active party worker. During the 
lifetime of the Lincoln Club of Rochester, 
1880 to 1890, he was commander of that 
club, once one of the strong factors in 
arousing enthusiasm for the Republican 
tickets. 

Judge Benton married, July 8, 1892, 
Catherine S. Westerdick and has four 
children : Ethel, George, Alice, Helen. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



CLEVELAND, Merritt Andrus, ^ 
Civil Engineer. 

There are many men who gain promi- 
nence that makes them well known in 
their own generation, but whose great- 
ness does not outlive their own time. The 
name of Merritt Andrus Cleveland, of 
Brockport, New York, will, however, be a 
familiar one in the annals of the State of 
New York as long as people are interested 
in her history. He was the promoter of 
much of the means of her present pros- 
perity, for of what avail are large fac- 
tories, fine crops, etc., if there are not 
ample means of transportation. He was 
also identified with many important enter- 
prises in New York and Canada. 

Merritt Andrus Cleveland, son of Phil- 
ander Blodgett and Mercy (Richardson) 
Cleveland, and grandson of Stephen Rich- 
ardson, was born in East Houndsfield, 
JeiTerson county, New York, August 27, 
1849, ^"<i died suddenly, May 19, 1912. 
Until the year 1869 he was a student at 
schools in East Houndsfield, Brownville, 
Dexter and Watertown, all in Jefferson 
county, and at the same time assisted his 
father in the cultivation of his farms. In 
1870 he became a member of the civil 
engineering corps of the Carthage, 
Watertown & Sackett's Harbor railroad, 
where the railroad was being constructed, 
and subsequently was employed in a 
similar capacity by the Clayton & Theresa 
Railroad Company, and then obtained a 
position with the Watertown Water 
Works, and was employed in the city 
engineer's office the first year that Water- 
town was incorporated as a city. Until 
1872 he resided a part of the time at 
Watertown, and then at Clayton. He 
was appointed division engineer of the 
Lake Ontario Shore railroad in April, 
1872, and the following year took charge 
of the construction work of the Kingston 
& Pembroke railway of Canada, and for 



some time lived in Kingston, Canada. He 
organized the firm of Hunter & Cleveland 
in July, 1874, establishing this for regular 
contract work in connection with the con- 
struction of railroads ; and completed the 
Lake Ontario Shore railroad, and several 
other contracts on the line of the railroad 
between Oswego and Niagara Falls. 
Three years later he organized the firm 
of Hunter, Murray & Cleveland, and, hav- 
ing received the contract for the con- 
struction of a part of the Welland Canal 
in Canada, from the Dominion govern- 
ment, he carried this tremendous water- 
way to completion at Port Colborne, 
Welland and St. Catherine's, making his 
home at Port Colborne at this time, in 
order to be able to superintend the work 
personally. The Murray Canal and 
many harbors on the Upper Lakes were 
also constructed by him. The firm of 
Warren & Cleveland was formed in 1882 
and, having taken the contract to build 
the Pittsburgh, Cleveland & Toledo rail- 
road in Pennsylvania and Ohio, Mr. 
Cleveland removed to Youngstown, 
Ohio, and resided there until March, 1884. 
In 1886 the firm of Murray & Cleveland 
was formed at St. Catherine's, Ontario, 
for the purpose of general contracting, 
and it accepted the contract from the 
Dominion government to deepen the 
Welland Canal, Port Dalhousie. In 1888 
the Dominion government again called 
on the services of Mr. Cleveland to con- 
struct the Galop Canal around the Galop 
Rapids in the St. Lawrence river, and at 
the same time to construct an eastern 
entrance to Toronto Harbor, on Lake 
Ontario. June i, 1897, Mr. Cleveland 
commenced work on what is known as 
the North Channel, about two miles above 
the Galop Rapids, and the result obtained 
was an unimpeded British channel, 
eighteen feet deep, three hundred feet in 
width, and an air line of three and a half 
miles in length, and thus an easy entrance 



130 




(j2--''C.^^-y^yC-^=:^-^7-'. ,^' 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



is gained to the great Canadian canal 
system of the St. Lawrence. In all these 
huge enterprises, it is to be remembered 
that thousands of men, skilled and un- 
skilled laborers, were employed by Mr. 
Cleveland. To his credit be it said, that 
while strikes raged, and governments and 
judiciaries were compelled to interfere, 
Mr. Cleveland never had strikes or labor 
troubles of any kind arising from the 
many quarrels and misunderstandings 
almost sure to crop out in these days, and 
especially in great undertakings. The 
building of the channel attracted univer- 
sal attention. The "Illustrated London 
News," in its issue of August 26, 1899, 
gave an elaborate and detailed account of 
the grand work. The Montreal, Toronto 
and Ottawa papers followed the work 
while in the course of construction with 
the closest attention, and delighted to use 
their columns in praise of the great 
achievement of Mr. Cleveland. The 
Watertown "Daily Times" honored its 
former citizen in a special issue ; and the 
New York "Herald" had an exhaustive 
account of the work done at Port Col- 
borne on the Welland Canal, in its issue 
of April 12, 1880. The Cleveland & Sons 
Company, with Mr. Cleveland and his two 
Sons — Milo L. and Harold — was formed 
in December, 1908, and engaged in work 
on Contract No. 61, of the Barge Canal 
in this State. This was not completed at 
the time of the death of Mr. Cleveland. 
He was the largest land owner in the 
county and one of the largest in the State. 
His holdings in Lorraine and Worth alone 
totaled more than ten thousand acres, and 
he also had vast estates in Canada. 

Mr. Cleveland married at Sodus, New 
York, May 20, 1875, Ellen Elizabeth 
Smith, born in Sodus, July 24, 1857, died 
April 30, 191 5. She was a daughter of 
Orril and Caroline (Prosser) Smith. Mr. 
and Mrs. Cleveland had children : Milo 
L., born at Port Colborne, January 21, 



1S79; Helen Louise, born at Port Col- 
borne, April 4, 1880, married Richard O. 
Marsh, of Warsaw, Illinois, a civil engi- 
neer, who constructed a dam across the 
Mississippi; Harold, born at Brockport, 
New York, June 24, 1885, married, in 
1912, Mary Louise Gaines, of Kansas 
City, Missouri ; Florence Murray, born 
in Brockport, February 2, 1893. The 
home of the family has been at Brock- 
port, New York, since 1884. Mr. Cleve- 
land was a man of fine personal appear- 
ance, and possessed the genial qualities 
which rendered him popular. He won 
friends easily and had the happy faculty 
of retaining them. He was a member of 
the First Presbyterian Church of Brock- 
port, and of a number of organizations 
of varied character, among them being 
the following mentioned ; Black River 
Valley Club, of Watertown; St. Ann's 
Shooting and Fishing Club, of Toronto; 
Rochester Whist Club; the Silsby Hose 
Company; Brownville Lodge, No. 53, 
Free and Accepted Masons ; Watertown 
Chapter, No. 59, Royal Arch Masons ; and 
was an honorary member of Capen Hose 
Company. 

The sudden death of Mr. Cleveland was 
a great shock to the community. He had 
been about his home in the forenoon 
apparently in his usual health, and, after 
playing with his grandchildren, as he was 
in the habit of doing, went to his barn 
to take an inventory of the amount of hay 
on hand. He had been there but a few 
moments when one of his men saw him 
fall forward on a bale of hay. Medical 
assistance was at once summoned, but 
before it arrived he had breathed his last. 
We quote the following from one of the 
papers of the time: 

Some of his employes had been with him 
twenty, thirty, and in one instance, forty years. 
All day long it was their one theme of conver- 
sation. He was always the same to one and all. 
Genial, kind hearted, the employe who showed his 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



worth was always repaid, as many of them can 
fully testify in their long service, and by the 
many acts of kindness shown them and their 
families. Again the beautiful floral offering, a 
rose blanket, sent by the workmen, and their at- 
tendance in a body at the last sad rites to the de- 
ceased, all anxious to pay their tribute of love 
and esteem, were alone expressive of their feel- 
ings. They knew his worth and keenly felt their 
loss. With our townspeople he was held in high 
esteem and the best interests of the village were 
always his interests. In matters of importance his 
opinion was sought, and his conservative manner 
of looking on all sides won appreciation from all. 
No one can say aught of his charitable ways, for 
he was always the first to give for any good 
cause, and generously too, and many a poor home 
can attest to substantial remembrances from the 
unknown giver. 

The following memorial is from the 
Silsby Hose Company : 

The death of Merritt A. Cleveland, for many 
years a member of Silsby Hose Company, means 
a loss which is felt personally by the members, 
and more particularly to the older men, those 
who were active in the company when he joined 
it. Mr. Cleveland became a member of the Com- 
pany, March i, 1885, and continued in active 
membership to the time of his death. While his 
large business interests and frequent absences 
from the village necessarily prevented his partici- 
pation in many of the activities of the Company, 
he nevertheless felt and showed at all times a 
sincere interest in its affairs. He was for many 
years a trustee, and was always to be relied upon 
for any service which it was in his power to 
render. It is as a friend as well as a fellow 
member that we mourn his departure. We, 
therefore, feel that it is most fitting that we, as a 
Company, express our deep sorrow in this loss, 
and our sincere sympathy with Mr. Cleveland's 
family. GEORGE H. Reynolds, 

Secretary. 



CLEVELAND, Mile L., 

Civil Engineer. 

It has been said that the sons of great 
men seldom attain to distinction, imply- 
ing that more or less of a handicap is 
entailed through standing in the shadow 
of such greatness. This may be true in 



many cases, the annals of our as well as 
those of other nations showing such to be 
the fact, but in contradistinction are 
found so many instances where sons have 
added laurels to honored names of fathers 
that there can be naught but perversity 
of spirit and obliquity of vision when it is 
maintained that the above premise is in- 
variably correct. An instance is afforded 
in the career of Milo L. Cleveland, of 
Brockport, New York, who is numbered 
among the leaders of the younger busi- 
ness men and civil engineers of the city 
and State that were honored and dignified 
by the life and services of the late Merritt 
Andrus Cleveland, to whom a memorial is 
dedicated in this work. Milo L. Cleve- 
land has achieved much in an individual 
way not dependent upon hereditary pres- 
tige, and has proved himself a worthy 
factor in the line of industry he has 
elected to follow. He is a splendid ex- 
ample of the virile and progressive young 
man who believes in doing well whatever 
is worth doing at all, a man of keen dis- 
cernment and sound judgment, broad- 
minded, and a follower of the highest 
business and social ethics. Though a 
busy man, he is very approachable and 
unassuming in his manner, being genial 
and pleasing in his address, and because 
of his genuine worth he is well liked by 
all with whom he comes in contact. 

Milo L. Cleveland was born in Port 
Colborne, Province of Ontario, Canada, 
January i, 1879, and was a child when his 
parents first made their home in Brock- 
port, New York, where he acquired his 
earlier education in the public schools. 
He was then in succession a student at 
Bradstreet's Preparatory School, in 
Rochester ; the Cascadilla School, in 
Ithaca; the Brockport Normal School, 
from which he was graduated in 1900; 
and finally matriculated at Cornell Uni- 
versity, where he took a course in civil 
engineering, and was graduated from this 



[32 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



institution in the class of 1905. He at 
once became associated with his talented 
father, in the important contracts of the 
latter in Canada, and with Contract No. 
61, of the Barge Canal work at Brock- 
port. After the death of his father he was 
elected to the presidency of the corpor- 
ation founded by his father, known as 
Cleveland & Sons Company, and is still 
the incumbent of this office. In 1913-14, 
under his supervision, the firm con- 
structed the locks, dams and bridge on 
Seneca river. In all that he undertakes 
Mr. Cleveland displays the thoroughness 
and progressiveness of the well-trained 
business man of the present generation, 
young in years, but apparently old in 
experience, by whom the work of the 
world appears to be carried on in the 
present period. His popularity in social 
circles is on a par with his usefulness '.n 
the business world, and he is a member of 
the following named organizations : 
Sigma Phi fraternity, Cornell University ; 
order of Free and Accepted Masons, of 
Brockport; Genesee Valley Club, of 
Rochester ; Cornell clubs, of New York 
City and Rochester. His religious affili- 
ation is with the Presbyterian church. 

Mr. Cleveland married, in Kansas City, 
Missouri, September 6, 1906, Kathryn 
Callaway, a daughter of Redman and 
Antonia Callaway. This union has been 
blessed with two children : Sybil and 
Merritt Andrus. Men of Mr. Cleveland's 
caliber and makeup are needed in every 
community, as an example of what un- 
remitting zeal and ability may accomplish 
in developing, directly or indirectly, all 
lines of industry and progress. Optimistic 
in temperament, he always sees the bright 
side of life and endeavors to spread the 
gospel of good cheer among all with 
whom he comes in contact. He is not 
demonstrative in his feelings toward 
others, yet he makes friends easily, values 
them at their true worth, and his intense 



loyalty to them is one of his striking char- 
acteristics. At every stage of his career 
he is the same honest, cheerful, generous 
soul, living not for himself alone, un- 
known to selfishness, a stranger to dis- 
honor, and in everything "standing four 
square to every wind that blows." 



LEWIS, Merton Elmer, 

Lawyer, Public Official. 

For many years the keen intellect and 
energy of Mr. Lewis have been employed 
in the public service, and he is still active 
in directing the conduct of afifairs through 
political action. He is descended from old 
New England stock, and exemplifies 
those characteristics which led people to 
cross a wide ocean and settle in a wilder- 
ness because of principle. He was born 
December 10, 1861, in Webster, Monroe 
county, New York, son of Charles Chad- 
wick and Rhoda Ann (Willard) Lewis. 
Rhoda Ann Willard was a descendant of 
Major Simon Willard, a member of Gov- 
ernor Winthrop's council in Massachu- 
setts Bay Colony, and in command of a 
regiment in King Philip's War, and also 
chief in command in the Pequot Indian 
War. He was one of the pioneers of New 
England, whose family has been conspicu- 
ous in many lines of endeavor down 
through the generations to the present 
time. She was born August 25, 1826, in 
Williamson, Wayne county, New York, 
a daughter of John Ray and Sarah 
Violetta (Purdy) Willard, and died at 
Webster, New York, in February, 1892. 

Merton Elmer Lewis attended the com- 
mon schools including the Webster Union 
School, from which he was graduated 
June 2, 1882. He studied law with James 
Breck Perkins at Rochester, New York, 
and later with the firm of Perkins & Hays, 
at Rochester, and was admitted to the bar 
in June, 1887. Since that time he has 
been continuously engaged in the practice 



133 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of his profession at Rochester, New York, 
and is now attorney for the Traders' Na- 
tional Bank of that city, of which he was 
for several years a director. From early 
life he took a keen interest in political 
movements, and directed his energies in 
the support of Republican principles. 
From May, 1890, to December 31, 1895, 
he served as alderman of the city of 
Rochester, and was president of the Com- 
mon Council of that city from March, 
1893, to December 31, 1895. He was a 
delegate to the New York State Con- 
stitutional Convention in 1894, and a 
member of the State Assembly in 1897, 
1899, 1900 and 1901. In 1895 he was act- 
ing mayor of the city of Rochester, and 
was a member of the State Senate, repre- 
senting the Forty-third District, in 1902- 
03-04-05-06. He was chairman of the 
executive committee of the Republican 
State Committee in 1912-13-14-15, and in 
the latter year was appointed first deputy 
attorney-general of the State. Wherever 
duty calls him, Mr. Lewis is found to be 
faithful to every charge, and his forceful 
and energetic nature have won for him a 
recognized position both in the politics 
of the State and as a lawyer in active 
practice. That he occupies a high posi- 
tion at the bar is evidenced by his ap- 
pointment as first deputy attorney-gen- 
eral of the State. In 1906 he was the 
Republican candidate for the office of 
State comptroller. 

He has been for many years a member 
of the Rochester Bar Association, the 
New York State Bar Association and the 
American Bar Association. He is also a 
member of the Rochester Club and the 
Republican Club of New York City. He 
is a man of genial and kindly nature, with 
pleasing manners, and enjoys the friend- 
ship and esteem of those highest in the 
councils of the State. With his family he 
is affiliated with the Protestant Episcopal 
church. 



He was married (first) at Webster, 
New York, January 2, 1886, to Adeline 
Louise Moody, and (second) at Roches- 
ter, November 9, 1899, to Eva Juliet 
Gates, daughter of Nehemiah Francis and 
Amorette Lemira (Brinsmaid) Gates. 
There are two children of the first mar- 
riage now living, namely: Donald M. B., 
born July 15, 1888, and Roscoe Chadwick 
Moody, June 12, 1893. The children of 
the second mariage are : Margaret, born 
November 24, 1904, and Virginia, August 
26, 1907. 



PENNOCK, John Downer, 

Mannf actnring Chemist. 

John Downer Pennock, born August 
16, i860, at Morristown, Lamoine county, 
Vermont, is a son of Samuel McMaster 
and Alma Maria (Tinker) Pennock. The 
original Pennock, Samuel by name, came 
from Cornwall, England, about 1700, and 
settled in Middletown, Connecticut. The 
name appears in Cornwall and Glouces- 
tershire sometimes as Pennock, Pinnock, 
Pinoke and Pignoc (silent g). The family 
goes back to Cornwall, to the time of the 
early British churches, when according 
to custom they canonized anyone pos- 
sessing the least renown, hence we have 
the Parish of St. Pinnock in Cornwall, 
and the Chapelry or District of Pinnock 
in Gloucestershire, which was formerly 
called Pinnockshire. This, says an old 
historian, is written in the "Dooms' Day 
Book" (Temp. William I) Pignoc scire 
which means the scire or share of a por- 
tion of some Saxon property named 
Pignoc. The coat-of-arms of the Corn- 
wall Pennocks is the same as that of the 
Pinnocks. The coat-of-arms, sable pas- 
sant, is the one presented by William III. 

As above stated, Samuel Pennock came 
to the Colonies about 1700. The next in 
line, James Pennock, son of Samuel Pen- 
nock, with wife and several children left 



^34 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Goshen, Connecticut, went west and north 
into Vermont, broke ground and estab- 
lished the town of Strafford, Vermont, in 
1768. James Pennock was a man of more 
than ordinary ability. In 1770 he was 
justice of the peace, assistant justice of 
the Superior Court of Common Pleas for 
Gloucestershire county, attended session 
of court at Kingsland (now Washington) 
May 29, 1770, also court at Newbury in 
1773 and 1774; for eight years justice at 
Strafford ; is buried in Strafford, and on 
his tombstone is carved the most remark- 
able record as to the number of his de- 
scendants. James Pennock, Esq., died 
December 2, 1808, aged ninety-six years. 
Thankful Pennock died December 23, 
1798, aged eighty-one years. Also carved 
on his tombstone is the following: "Let 
it be remembered that this family was 
the first to break the soil of this town, 
1768." They left six children, sixty-four 
grandchildren, one hundred and eighty- 
nine great-grandchildren, and sixteen of 
the fourth generation. Samuel, Isaac, and 
Isaac, representatives of the third, fourth 
and fifth generations, all lived in the 
neighborhood of Strafford, Vermont. 

Samuel McMaster Pennock, father of 
John Downer Pennock, born in Strafford, 
Vermont, in 1820, was a member of the 
Vermont State Assembly, one year, and 
senator two years ; moved to Boston in 
1865 with seven children, and was there 
a merchant until his death in 1889. He 
took active part in civic affairs in his 
home town, Somerville, Massachusetts, 
served on the school board, common 
council, board of aldermen, presiding on 
the latter board one year. 

On his mother's side, John Downer 
Pennock descended from John Tinker, 
nephew of Thomas Tinker, who came 
over in the "Mayflower." His name ap- 
pears in records as early as 1638; he was 
of a remarkable versatility, appears as 
manufacturer and trader with the Indians. 



importer of goods to the Colonies from 
England, agent for the Governors Win- 
throp, a successful lawyer, and as a 
"grave and able man" he expounded the 
Scriptures in the absence of a minister; 
was one of the principal founders of 
Groton, Massachusetts, and was town 
clerk until his removal to New London 
in 1658. From New London he was 
elected as deputy to the General Court 
of the Colony, and later made assistant to 
the governor, the highest office within the 
election of the people. In the Massachu- 
setts collection of historical papers are 
about twenty letters from John Tinker 
addressed to the Governors Winthrop, 
father and son. In the collection of James 
Russell Lowell's writings there is a very 
interesting paper of considerable length 
reviewing these Tinker letters with high 
appreciation of the man and also of his 
literary style. Next in line Samuel Tin- 
ker, born in New London, 1659, "i'^d i733- 
We find he lived in Lyme. Connecticut, 
in 1684, later in Shelter Island and South- 
hold. Next John Tinker, born 1678, died 
1781, aged one hundred and three years. 
John Tinker, born 1713. Elihu Tinker, 
born 1739, lived in Worthington, Massa- 
chusetts ; married Lydia Huntington, 
daughter of Solomon and Mary (Buck- 
ingham) Huntington, fourth generation 
from Thomas Buckingham, who came to 
New Haven, Connecticut, in 1638. James 
Tinker, born in Worthington, Connecti- 
cut, 1785, died at Morristown, Vermont, 
i860. He was a physician, studied first 
with Dr. Holland, father of James G. 
Holland, author and editor, in Worthing- 
ton, Connecticut. Regarding James Tin- 
ker, the "Vermont Historical Magazine" 
says : "Soon obtained a very extensive 
practice extending through the towns of 
Stowe, Waterbury, Mansfield, Sterling, 
Johnson, Hyde Park, Eden and Wolcott, 
frequently obliged to ride both night and 
day to answer the demands upon him, 



135 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



was a man of very strong mind, deep 
thinker, powerful reasoner, of good 
scholarship and skillful physician and 
surgeon, strong fluent and forceful writer, 
educated a Calvinist, became a Univer- 
salist. Alma Maria Tinker, born 1825, 
died 1865, married Samuel McMaster 
Pennock. Alma Maria Tinker, of sweet 
and gentle disposition, had rare qualities 
of mind, was finely educated, an excel- 
lent French scholar, and led a class of 
theological students in Latin." 

John Downer Pennock received his 
early education in the public schools of 
Somerville, Massachusetts, graduating 
from the Somerville High School in 1879, 
and from Harvard College in 1883. He 
remained at Harvard for one year as as- 
sistant instructor in chemistry, having 
specialized in his college course in that 
subject. He was engaged by the Hon. 
Rowland Hazard as assistant chemist in 
the soda ash plant of the Solvay Process 
Company, at Syracuse, New York, in 
November, 1884. Two years later he 
was made chief chemist, and subse- 
quently, in 1897, chief chemist of the 
Semet Solvay Company, serving as chief 
chemist for both companies until 1913, 
when he was made general manager of 
the Solvay Process Company ; director in 
both companies since 1909. He has been 
vestryman of St. Mark's Church, Syra- 
cuse, for twenty years ; member of the 
Society of Chemical Industry ; American 
Chemical Society; American Institute of 
Mining Engineers ; Electro-Chemical So- 
ciety, and to these societies has con- 
tributed a number of papers on chemical 
subjects; president of Syracuse Chemical 
Society for a number of years. He was 
sent by Secretary of State John Hay as 
United States delegate to the Interna- 
tional Congress of Applied Chemistry at 
Berlin in 1903. Appointed Belgian repre- 
sentative on jury of awards, chemical sec- 
tion, St. Louis Exposition, in 1904. Coun- 



cillor of the American Chemical Society. 
He made trips to Europe in 1887, 1897 
and 1903 to study the methods of manu- 
facture in the Belgian, French and Ger- 
man soda ash plants. Locally he is a 
member of the Chamber of Commerce, 
served on various committees, particu- 
larly that on education, of which he was 
chairman for two years ; member of the 
Onondaga Historical Society and of vari- 
ous clubs, including Onondaga Golf and 
Country, Citizens', Syracuse, Harvard, 
University, Bellevue Country and the 
Century. 

John Downer Pennock married Una 
Amelia Bagg, daughter of Stanley and 
Amelia (Bassett) Bagg, June 17, 1890. 
Children: Stanley Bagg, born June 15, 
1892; John Winthrop, October 4, 1894; 
Ruth Huntington, June 7, 1896; Marian 
Bowditch, April 4, 1898; Helen Titus, 
June 23, 1906. 



BROWN, Selden S.. ' 

La-uryer, Jurist. 

Learned in the law, logical in his rea- 
soning, sound in his deductions, able to 
divest his mind of all prejudice or bias, 
with the faculty of divesting a legal 
proposition of all that beclouds and to 
go directly at the heart of a problem, 
then in clear, terse language to clothe his 
opinions or decisions. Judge Brown is the 
ideal jurist. For the past ten years sur- 
rogate of Monroe county, and from 1882 
imtil assuming the duties of that ofifice an 
active member of the Monroe county bar, 
he has won the entire confidence of his 
legal brethren and no man in public or 
private life is more highly esteemed. 
With his unfailing courtesy, perfect men- 
tal poise and unimpeachable character he 
has also won public regard and the num- 
ber of his friends is "legion." The views 
of contemporaries are always enlighten- 
ing, therefore the following extract is 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



pertinent. A Rochester journal in com- 
menting upon Judge Brown's career re- 
cently said: "Judge Brown has a natural 
judicial air. His dignity is blended with 
courtesy and a kindliness of heart that 
makes him popular with the members of 
the bar who come before him in practice. 
His ability commands respect, while his 
reception of practitioners, litigants and 
visitors, inspires regard. In the surro- 
gate's court several hundred people come 
in the course of a year ; and often under 
distressing circumstances. Usually the 
handling of law questions involved in 
any proceeding may be simple, but there 
often is need of personal sympathy and 
a kindly word of advice from the surro- 
gate, that counts as much in relieving dif- 
ficulties as a decision of the law in a case. 
Judge Brown fills all the requirements." 
Selden S. Brown was born in Scotts- 
ville, Monroe county, New York, October 
-3> 1855. eldest son of D. D. S. Brown. 
He was educated in the public schools of 
Scottsville, Rochester Collegiate Institute 
and the University of Rochester, complet- 
ing his course at the university and 
graduating Bachelor of Arts, class of 
1879. After graduation he registered as 
a law student in the office of Hubbell & 
McGuire, and in 1883, having met all the 
requirements of the examining board, was 
admitted to the Monroe county bar. He 
at once began practice in Rochester, soon 
won recognition as one of the strong 
young lawyers of his bar, and in a rela- 
tively short time took rank among the 
leaders. His business, general in its char- 
acter, extended to all State and Federal 
courts of the district and until 1896 he 
conducted it alone. In that year he 
formed a partnership with Harry Otis 
Poole, an association that continued until 
1905 when it was dissolved by the ap- 
pointment of Judge Brown by Governor 
Higgins to fill out an unexpired term as 
surrogate of Monroe county. At the next 



general election following his appoint- 
ment he was continued in the surrogate's 
office by popular vote, his majority over 
his opponent being a most generous en- 
dorsement. At the expiration of his first 
elective term Judge Brown was again 
chosen to succeed himself, his incum- 
bency of the surrogate's office now cover- 
ing a term of ten years. 

In political faith he is a Republican, his 
opinions and advice carrying weight in 
party councils. He has been delegate to 
many county, district and State conven- 
tions and in 1904 was alternate to the 
Republican National Convention that 
nominated Theodore Roosevelt for Presi- 
dent. For many years he served as a 
member of the school board at Scotts- 
ville, his home, and in many ways has 
manifested his deep and abiding interest 
in the town of his birth. He is a member 
of the American Bar, the New York State 
Bar and the Rochester Bar associations, 
the Genesee Valley Club, the University 
Club of Rochester, and a non-resident 
member of the Alpha Delta Phi Club of 
New York City, his membership in Alpha 
Delta Phi fraternity dating from his 
university years. He has served as chan- 
cellor of the diocese (Episcopal) since 
1905, being appointed by Bishop Walker; 
warden of Grace Church, Scottsville, 
since the establishment of the church, 
1886: delegate as superintendent of this 
diocese various years. 

Judge Brown married (first) in 1883, 
Adell Franklin, who died April 23, 1912, 
leaving a son, Selden King Brown, born 
October 13, 1886. He married (second) 
June 17, 1914, Mary Elizabeth Stewart. 



YEATMAN, Pope, 

Consalting and Mining Engineer. 

Preeminently a man of affairs, one who 
has wielded a wide influence and whose 
sound business and technical judgment is 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



such that his cooperation is continually 
sought in the control and management of 
important mining operations, Mr. Pope 
Yeatman is a consulting and mining engi- 
neer whose reputation is second to none 
in this country. It has been universally 
conceded that the busiest men are those 
who always find time to spare in order 
to assume additional duties, and appar- 
ently they are able to accomplish won- 
ders. A very simple principle lies at the 
root of this state of affairs, and this is 
systematic and methodical work. To 
every moment of time is given its full 
valuation, and every phase of life is ap- 
preciated in proportion to the useful 
work which has been accomplished in its 
duration. Among those men who fully 
appreciate the immense value of each 
moment of time, and who has accom- 
plished a truh' remarkable amount of 
work in the field of mining engineering, 
Mr. Yeatman takes a foremost place. In 
the paternal line he is of Scotch-Irish 
descent, his ancestors having come to 
America during the eighteenth century, 
and his maternal ancestry is purely Eng- 
lish. 

Pope Yeatman, son of Thomas and 
Lucretia (Pope) Yeatman, was born in 
St. Louis, Missouri, August 3, 1861, and 
there the earlier years of his life were 
spent. The terrible days of the Civil War 
were over before he was old enough to 
realize their significance, but the3% no 
doubt, had their influence in shaping his 
character along more serious lines than 
are usually found in childhood. His edu- 
cation was an excellent and comprehen- 
sive one, and was acquired in New 
Haven, Fort Leavenworth and St. Louis. 
In his native city he became a student at 
Washington University, which had been 
founded in 1857, and from this he was 
graduated in the class of 1883, the degree 
of Mining Engineer being conferred upon 
him. Volumes could be filled were the 



achievements of Mr. Yeatman in this 
field of endeavor to be discussed in detail ; 
the limits of this article, however, will 
permit of but brief mention ; the results 
are matters of world history. Almost at 
once after his graduation Mr. Yeatman 
became associated with the St. Genevieve 
Copper Company, of South-Eastern Mis- 
souri, continuing this association for a 
period of eighteen months. During a part 
of 1885 he was engaged in mining at 
Gage, New Mexico, and during the re- 
mainder of that year and in 1886, he was 
busy in the State of Sonora, Mexico. In 
the summer of 1886 his mining connec- 
tion was with the Zacetacas Mines of 
Mexico, and from December, 1887, to Au- 
gust, 1888, he was consulting engineer 
and also manager of the famous Jumbo 
Gold Mining Company, at Breckenridge, 
Colorado. From that time until August, 
1891, he was actively engaged as super- 
intendent of the mining, smelting and 
concentrating work at Doe Run Mines. 
His next field of activity was as super- 
intendent of the Empire Zinc Company, 
at Joplin, Missouri, where he remained 
until June, 1893, then resumed his work 
as consulting engineer, with which he was 
fully occupied until 1895, when his asso- 
ciation with the mining industry of South 
Africa commenced. He made his head- 
quarters at Johannesburg from 1895 to 
1899, and during this time was one of the 
mining engineers of the Consolidated 
Gold Fields of South Africa, Limited, as 
well as manager of the Robinson Deep 
Gold Mining Company, and in 1899, gen- 
eral manager of the Simmer and Jack 
Proprietary Gold Mining Company, 
Limited. From November, 1899, to July, 
1904, he was general manager and con- 
sulting engineer of the Randfontein 
Estates Gold Mining Company, Limited, 
of the Transvaal. At the expiration of 
this period he again resumed his work as 
a consulting engineer, and continued this 



138 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



until he became associated with the 
various enterprises of the Guggenheims. 
From June, 1906, up to the present time 
(191 5) he has been consulting engineer 
of M. Guggenheim's Sons, and in addition 
at the present time is consulting engineer 
of the Guggenheim Exploration Com- 
pany, of the Nevada Consolidated Copper 
Company, the Braden Copper Company, 
and the Chile Exploration Company, both 
of Chile. He is a member of the Amer- 
ican Institute of Mining Engineers, the 
American Society of Civil Engineers, the 
Engineers' Society of St. Louis, the In- 
stitute of Mining and Metallurgy of 
London, the Mining and Metallurgical 
Society of America, the Century Asso- 
ciation and Engineers' and Rocky Moun- 
tain clubs of New York City. 

Mr. Yeatman married, June 28, 1894, 
Georgie Claiborne Watkins, of Little 
Rock, Arkansas, and to them were born : 
Jane Bell, Georgina Pope and Pope, Jr. 



SCHUMACHER, Albert C, 
Business Man. 

Albert C. Schumacher, conducting a 
large undertaking establishment in the 
central part of Syracuse, was born Sep- 
tember 25, 1879, '" Clarksfield, Ohio, his 
parents being Dr. Carl and Louisa Schu- 
macher ; the former named, who was a 
successful practicing physician, died Jan- 
uary 2, 1903. 

The removal of the family to Syracuse 
during the early boyhood days of Albert 
C. Schumacher enabled him to pursue his 
education in the public schools of this 
city, and after passing successfully from 
one grade to a higher one, he was eventu- 
ally graduated from the high school on 
June 24, 1897. During his school days 
from the time he was ten years of age his 
leisure hours after school and on Satur- 
days were spent as an employee in the 
tea and grocery store of G. J. Lindemer 



at No. 476 North Salina street. His 
father desired that he should engage in 
the practice of medicine and surgery, but 
Mr. Schumacher had a great desire to 
learn embalming and become an under- 
taker, so that after his graduation he at 
once associated himself with John Bauer, 
an undertaker, and continued in his em- 
ploy for about four years. In November, 
1901, he went before the Embalming 
Board of Examiners of the State of New 
York and passed the examination at 
Rochester, receiving license No. 2922. 
About the first of May, 1902, he opened 
an establishment on the north side, and 
two years later removed to the southern 
end of the city. On May i, 1906, he 
located in the central portion of the city 
at No. 119 West Onondaga street, owing 
to the increase in his business which ne- 
cessitated larger quarters. He has re- 
cently purchased the property at No. 715 
South Warren street, and after remodel- 
ing it extensively has one of the best 
funeral parlors and chapels in New York 
State. He has also installed a motor 
hearse and can conduct automobile 
funerals to great satisfaction. Mr. Schu- 
macher belongs to various fraternal or- 
ganizations, of which he is a popular rep- 
resentative, namely : Central City Lodge, 
No. 305, Free and Accepted Masons; 
Central City Chapter, Royal Arch 
Masons ; Fralist Chapter, No. 550, Order 
of Eastern Star; also thirty-second 
degree. He is a past sachem of Dekani- 
sora Tribe, No. 316, Improved Order of 
Red Men ; a past councilor of Onondaga 
Council, No. 10, Junior Order of United 
American Mechanics ; a past grand of 
Armory Lodge, No. 895, Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows ; of Onondaga 
Council of the Degree of Pocahontas ; and 
of Humboldt Lodge, No. 537, D. O. H. 
He is also a member of Zion's Evangelical 
Lutheran Church. Mr. Schumacher is yet 
a young man, but has already attained a 



139 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



gratifying measure of success, while his 
many good qualities, his social manner, 
his genial disposition and his cordiality 
have made him popular with those with 
whom he has been brought in contact. 
He is a Republican member of the board 
of supervisors. Thirteenth Ward, elected 
November, 1915. 

On November 25, 1903, Mr. Schu- 
macher was married to Louise S. West, 
of Syracuse, a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. 
John West. They now have one son, 
Albert Otis, born October 10, 1907, and 
one daughter Norma Louise, born No- 
vember 28, 191 1. 



HESSLER, Holister E., 

Mannfacturer, Enterprising Citizen. 

Honored and respected by all, there is 
no man who occupies a more enviable 
position in commercial circles in Syracuse 
than Holister E. Hessler, president of the 
H. E. Hessler Company, manufacturers 
and dealers in hardware and sheet metal 
specialties. Success is determined by the 
ability to recognize opportunity and to 
pursue it with a resolute, unflagging 
energy. Success results from continued 
labor and the man who accomplishes his 
purpose usually becomes an important 
factor in the business circles of the com- 
munity with which he is connected. Mr. 
Hessler, through such means, has attained 
a leading place among the representative 
men of his adopted city, and his well 
spent and honorable life commands the 
respect of all who know him. 

One of the native sons of the Empire 
State, his birth occurred in Cazenovia, 
New York, February 26, 1854. His 
parents were farming people and he was 
reared to agricultural pursuits. He com- 
pleted his education in Chittenango Poly- 
technic Institute. He remained upon the 
home farm until he attained the age of 
fifteen years, then, seeking other pur- 



suits more congenial and a broader field 
of labor, he left the parental homestead 
and took up his residence in Syracuse. 
No especially fortunate family or pecu- 
niary advantages favored him at the out- 
set of his career, but he early came to a 
realization of the fact that persistent 
labor is the basis of all honorable success 
and that unfaltering energy will even- 
tually reach the goal of prosperity. Ac- 
cordingly he resolutely set himself to the 
task of working his way upward, gaining 
promotion by merit and resolute purpose. 
For one year after his arrival in Syra- 
cuse, Mr. Hessler was in the employ of 
W. H. Colebrook, a tinner, and during the 
following two years was in partnership 
with that gentleman. Later he was fore- 
man and general manager for the firm of 
Merriam & Gregory, stoves and tin shop, 
and on July i, 1879, formed a partner- 
ship with G. Frederick Schafer, under the 
firm style of Hessler & Schafer, for the 
conduct of a hardware and furnishing 
goods store. They purchased the stock 
of John F. Walter and this was the be- 
ginning of the present extensive business 
which is now conducted under the name 
of the H. E. Hessler Company. The firm 
as it was originally formed had a continu- 
ous existence of fifteen years, but on Feb- 
ruary I, 1894, Mr. Hessler purchased his 
partner's interest and conducted the busi- 
ness alone until it was incorporated in 
1900. The present officers are : H. E. 
Hessler, president; Dayton S. Hessler, 
vice-president ; Harlan H. Phillips, treas- 
urer ; and Norbert T. Alletzhauser, secre- 
tary. They conduct a wholesale and 
retail business in the sale of hardware, 
home furnishing goods, stoves, tinware 
and tinners' supplies, having the largest 
and best equipped sheet metal factory in 
Central New York, and the business has 
been successfully carried on at the same 
place for three decades. The company is 
extensively engaged in the manufacture 




u^T^^c^c^ ?y^^^66t.<^va^/A^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of rural free delivery mail boxes, having 
manufactured and sold over one million, 
sent to all parts of the United States. 
They have erected an extensive new fac- 
tory for this branch of the business and 
give employment to about one hundred 
people in the factory. The building is a 
fine one, situated at the corner of Division 
and North State streets, its location en- 
abling them to have excellent shipping 
facilities both by rail and canal. They 
also manufacture the McGuire Adjustable 
Plumbers' Roof Flange, employing a 
large number of men in this branch, this 
article, which is patented, being sold in 
every station in the United States as well 
as Canada. The pay roll of the company 
amounts to thousands of dollars monthly, 
and the enterprise is one of the leading 
industries of that thriving city. The busi- 
ness has been developed until it is one of 
the largest and most valuable productive 
enterprises in Syracuse, and its growth 
is attributable in a very large measure 
to its founder, who in all that he has 
undertaken has displayed an aptitude for 
successful management, combined with 
keen discernment and farsighted business 
sagacity. The old and time-tried maxim, 
"Honesty is the best policy," has been 
the keynote of the trade and relations, 
while to his employees Mr. Hessler has 
ever been just and considerate, showing 
no trait of the overbearing taskmaster. 
His success is due to unwearied industry, 
capable management and care in expen- 
ditures, and the Hessler business is now 
an important factor in the life of the city. 
In addition to the time and energy ex- 
pended in the management of his exten- 
sive business interests, Mr. Hessler also 
takes an active part in other matters. He 
is a charter member of the Central City 
Trust Company, and has served on its 
executive board since its organization, 
and it is chiefly through his excellent 
management that it is now one of the 

14] 



strongest banks for a new institution in 
the city. In politics Mr. Hessler is a 
Republican, deeply interested in the party 
and its success, and he has always used 
his influence to further its interests, being 
a stalwart champion of its recognized 
principles. He has been frequently urged 
to accept the nomination for various 
public offices, but has steadfastly refused 
to allow his name to appear in connection 
therewith. The only public office he has 
filled was that of commissioner of public 
safety, appointed by Hon. Mayor Schoe- 
neck, in which he served two terms and 
was then reappointed for another term. 
The life history of Mr. Hessler most hap- 
pily illustrates what may be attained by 
faithful and continued effort in carrying 
out an honest purpose. Untiring activity 
and energy have been prominent points 
of his success, and his connection with 
business enterprises and industries have 
been of decided advantage to the city of 
Syracuse, promoting its material welfare 
in no uncertain manner. 

Mr. Hessler married, October 11, 1874, 
Delia H. Wise, and they have since 
traveled life's journey together, sharing 
with each other its joys and sorrows, its 
adversity and prosperity. They are the 
parents of three children: i. Dayton S. 
Hessler, now vice-president of the H. E. 
Hessler Company; married, and they are 
the parents of one son. 2. Mrs. Vernie L. 
House, wife of L. H. House, who is en- 
gaged in the soda water business ; they 
are the parents of two sons and one 
daughter. 3. Olive E., wife of William 
Lepold, who is connected with the Bell 
Telephone Company ; they are the parents 
of two sons. 



WOLLENSAK, Andrew, 

Manufacturer, Inventor. 

It pleases Americans to speak of their 
country as the "land of opportunity," and 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



so it is, but opportunity only knocks, the 
man must answer, rise and embrace. 
Opportunity lurks everywhere and accom- 
plishes nothing until seized by the right 
man, then together great deeds are ac- 
complished. There is something fine to 
contemplate in the life history of Andrew 
Wollensak, of Rochester, New York, one 
of the men of that city whose fame as a 
manufacturer has made it famous. He 
came to Rochester in 1882, arriving with 
five cents in his pocket, a stranger in a 
strange land. But he was master of a 
good trade, possessed a stout heart, be- 
lieved in God and himself. 

With mechanical ability and strong 
personal attributes as capital, he began 
life in Rochester in 1882, served in sub- 
ordinate capacities until 1890, then seized 
the great opportunity and to-day is the 
employer of two hundred and fifty em- 
ployees, located in a healthful, beautiful 
factory home, manufacturing a product of 
superior quality known in every photo- 
graphic art studio of repute in the United 
States. Thirty-three years cover his 
career in Rochester, but for only sixteen 
years of that period has he been a manu- 
facturer of photographic shutters, and 
only since 1903 have photographic lenses 
been a part of his factory product. Yet 
in that time he has placed his goods so 
high in the estimation of dealer and user 
that Wollensak stamped on lens or shut- 
ter is a guarantee. Opportunity and the 
man met, but honor goes to this man of 
high ideals, deep religious convictions, 
mechanical and business ability, who, un- 
daunted and unafraid, used his talents and 
won for himself an honored place in the 
commercial world, a private reputation 
without a blemish, and citizenship beyond 
reproach. 

Wollensak is an ancient German family 
name. Andrew Wollensak, grandfather 
of Andrew Wollensak, of Rochester, was 
twice married, and died at the age of 



eighty-two years. Johan Wollensak, son 
of Andrew Wollensak and his first wife, 
Helena, was a carpenter. He married 
Elizabeth Bollin, daughter of Johan and 
Barbara (Mohr) Bollin, who bore him 
twelve children, three of whom are now 
living, Andrew, of Rochester ; John C, 
associated with his brother Andrew in 
business ; Victoria, wife of John Hicks, of 
Rochester. Johan Wollensak, the father, 
died in 1880, aged fifty-seven years ; his 
wife died in 1874, aged forty-two years. 

Andrew Wollensak, son of Johan and 
Elizabeth (Bollin) Wollensak, was born 
in Wiechs, Baden, Germany, November 
13, 1862. He attended public school until 
fourteen years of age, then left home to 
become apprentice to the trade of mill- 
wright and machinist. He remained in 
his native land until 1882, then came to 
the United States, locating in Rochester, 
New York, his funds barely allowing him 
to reach that city. He secured work at 
his trade, and in the following year en- 
tered the employ of the Bausch & Lomb 
Optical Company. Quickly mastering 
the detail of optical instrument and lens 
manufacture as practiced by the company 
he was employed with, he attracted favor- 
able notice and received several promo- 
tions during the sixteen years he re- 
mained in that employ, finally becoming 
foreman of a department. After sixteen 
years' service with the Bausch & Lomb 
Company, he resolved to test his own 
ability and to engage in business on his 
own account, therefore he tendered his 
resignation, and in June, 1899, he began 
with a factory force consisting of him- 
self and one boy to manufacture shutters 
for photographic cameras. The shutter 
was of his own design, was satisfactory 
in its operations, and soon a demand was 
created, the price as well as the quality 
being attractive to the trade. For four 
years he continued the exclusive manu- 
facture of shutters, increasing his force 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and enlarging his quarters. In 1903 he 
added the manufacture of camera lenses, 
that department being in charge of his 
brother, John C. Wollensak. Both de- 
partments have prospered abundantly, 
both shutter and lens being kept on sale 
by practically every dealer in photo- 
graphic supplies in the United States, 
dealer and user having found that "Wol- 
lensak" stands for unsurpassed excellence 
in quality and a "square deal" both for the 
man who sells and for him who uses. His 
trade in the United States is very large 
and widely extended, an export trade of 
generous proportions also having been 
developed. The officers of the company 
are : Andrew Wollensak, president ; H. 
C. Gorton, vice-president and treasurer ; 
John C. Wollensak, secretary ; Jacob G. 
Magin, assistant secretary. The presi- 
dent, Andrew Wollensak, has invented 
and patented some twenty-four machines 
and devices pertaining to the manufacture 
of shutters and lenses. He is the inventor 
of the first automatic shutter and has re- 
cently (191 5) invented and patented the 
first high-speed automatic shutter, which 
will soon be placed upon the market 
under the name of "Optimo." 

There is a great deal of sentiment in 
Mr. Wollensak's nature and one form of 
it is displayed in the conditions under 
which his two hundred and fifty em- 
ployees work. Everything in his great 
factory (he is the largest manufacturer of 
camera shutters in the United States) is 
designed for comfort, health, efficiency 
and the safeguarding of his employees, 
there being a separate entrance for the 
women employed, and a strict rule of the 
establishment is that no profanity or ob- 
jectionable language be used, the result 
being that parents are pleased to find em- 
ployment there for their sons and daugh- 
ters. The grounds surrounding the fac- 
tory are beautifully laid out and well 



kept, the fine, modernly-equipped power 
plant located at a distance from the fac- 
tory, and the entire forty thousand feet 
of floor space in the factory laid off with 
the idea that perfect goods can only be 
made under perfect conditions. The fac- 
tory, two hundred by one hundred and 
seventy feet in area, two-storied in front, 
one-storied in the rear, contains as one of 
its departments a machine shop in which 
all the tools used are made. This plant 
and business, the outcome of sixteen 
years as a manufacturer, shows the qual- 
ity of the man who accomplished it, his 
executive ability as well as his inventive 
mechanical skill. But back of his skill 
and his ability has been his indomitable 
will, perseverance and industry, a few 
days' vacation in the sixteen years cover- 
ing the period of relaxation from toil. 

Mr. Wollensak considers religion one 
of the serious concerns of life, and so 
orders his affairs. He is a member of St. 
Michael's Roman Catholic Church, has 
served on its board of trustees for twenty- 
four years, and is devoted to the parish 
interests. He is a member of the Knights 
of St. John, the Catholic Mutual Bene- 
ficial Association, St. Anthony's Benevo- 
lent Association, and the Badicchen 
Verein. He abjures politics, but performs 
his duties as a citizen faithfully. His 
family, his business, his church, and his 
fraternities meet all the requirements of 
his nature, public life having for him no 
charm. No call of charity or religion is 
disregarded, and his place among the 
prominent, respected business men of his 
community is secure. 

Mr. Wollensak married Frances, 
daughter of Joseph and Barbara (Tra- 
bert) Noll, of Sargenzell, Germany. She 
died November 11, 1913, leaving a daugh- 
ter, Emma, wife of Jacob G. Magin, asso- 
ciated as assistant secretary in the busi- 
ness of his father-in-law. 



143 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



BROWN, Charles J., 
Nurseryman, Financier, Public Official. 

Rochester has been the home of Charles 
J. Brown and his forbears for three 
generations, his grandfather, Robert 
Brown, being the American founder of 
the family. Robert Brown, born in Eng- 
land, lived for a time in Boston, Massa- 
chusetts, after coming to this country. 
He then located in Rochester, New York, 
that now great city being then but a vil- 
lage. There his son, John S. Brown, was 
born and still lives, a man now aged 
eighty-three years. John S. Brown was 
a contractor and builder during his active 
years, but is now passing the closing 
years of a long and useful life in honored 
retirement. He is a lifelong member of 
the Methodist Episcopal church and by 
his faith and by his works has been a 
strong pillar of support to his church. He 
married Esther Cowles. Their son, 
Charles J. Brown, president of the Brown 
Brothers Company, and now serving a 
second term as treasurer of Monroe 
county, has from the date of his gradu- 
ation from high school been connected 
with the nursery business, is one of the 
leading men in that great Rochester activ- 
ity and has won high standing in bank- 
ing, real estate and other corporations of 
his native city. He has the faculty of 
quickly dispatching a large volume of 
business, going directly to the kernel of 
a proposition and divesting it of all non- 
essentials. His speech is straight at the 
main point and in action he is direct and 
forceful. He thus conserves his time and 
energy for the important details of the 
large business he transacts and the public 
service he renders his city and county. 
He is not alone the "man of afifairs" but 
in lodge, fraternity and club enjoys to the 
full the social side of life. 

Charles J. Brown was born in Roches- 
ter, New York, December ii, 1861, son of 



John and Esther (Cowles) Brown. He 
was educated in the public schools of the 
city, finishing a full course and gradu- 
ating from high school. He then spent 
three years in the employ of Glenn 
Brothers, nurserymen of Rochester, then 
started in business for himself in the same 
line, forming a partnership with his 
brother. The brothers were masters of 
their business and as the years progressed 
expansion kept pace. In 1888 they in- 
corporated as the Brown Brothers Com- 
pany with Charles J. Brown as president, 
an executive position he has most effi- 
ciently filled and still holds. The com- 
pany transacts a very large general nur- 
sery business through one thousand 
agents that cover the entire country with 
the products of one thousand home acres 
where hundreds of varieties of plants, 
trees, shrubs and flowers are cultivated by 
a force of one hundred workers, the num- 
ber varying with the seasons. From fifty 
to seventy-five people are required to con- 
duct the office business and over all Mr. 
Brown is the directing head. He has 
other important business connections, be- 
ing a director of the Traders' National 
Bank ; director of the Rochester and Lake 
Ontario Water Company ; was one of the 
organizers and is president of the General 
Realty Service, a real estate corporation 
rapidly advancing in importance ; director 
of the Brown-Croft Realty Corporation ; 
is an ex-president and a present trustee 
of the Chamber of Commerce; director of 
Rochester General Hospital ; director of 
the Friendly Home ; director of Rochester 
Orphan Asylum, and since 191 1 has been 
treasurer of Monroe county, his second 
term expiring in October, 1918. Mr. 
Brown is a member of the Masonic order, 
belonging to lodge, chapter and com- 
mandery of the York Rite, and in the 
Scottish Rite has attained the thirty-sec- 
ond degree. He is also a "Shriner," an 
"Elk," and a "Woodman." His clubs are 



144 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the Rochester, Genesee Valley, the Coun- 
try, the Masonic, the Whist and the Auto- 
mobile, having served the last named for 
two years as president. In political faith 
he is a Republican, and in religious affili- 
ation a member of Central Presbyterian 
Church. 

Mr. Brown married Dora, daughter of 
George W. Clarke, of Rochester. They 
have three children : Margaret, married 
George J. Kaelber; Leland, and Donald. 



REDMAN, Hemy S., 

Civil War Veteran, Public Official. 

Lieutenant Henry S. Redman, for 
twenty-seven years superintendent of the 
Court House of Monroe county, was 
born August 2, 1844, in Clarkson, this 
county, his parents being Perry and Julia 
Ann (Harris) Redman, the former a na- 
tive of the Empire State and the latter 
of Vermont. The paternal grandfather 
was born in Holland and came to this 
country in his youth, settling in the town 
of Clarkson, where he followed farming. 
It was his team that was used in carrying 
Morgan, who exposed the secrets of Ma- 
sonry, across the country. Perry Red- 
man was also a farmer by occupation and 
lived and died in Monroe county. 

Lieutenant Redman of this review was 
reared to farm life, spending his boyhood 
days on the homestead and in Brighton 
village, where he attended the high 
school. He was there as a student at 
the outbreak of the Civil War, and on 
December 19, 1863, two years before 
he had attained his majority, he joined 
Company L, of the Twenty-first New 
York Cavalry, known as Griswold's Light 
Cavalry, and with this command he 
served until the close of the war and was 
honorably discharged on July 28, 1865. 
A contemporary biographer has said : 
"His own record, when he started to the 
front as a seventeen-year old boy, is one 
NY— Vol IV— 10 145 



of which any man might be proud. He 
participated in twelve engagements after 
he went to the front, December 19, 1863, 
falling on the field at Ashby's Gap, shot 
through the lungs and left for dead over 
night. He was captured by Moseby, 
escaped and was honorably discharged, 
July 28, 1865, for disability arising from 
wounds received in action. It would be 
difficult to crowd into the space of 
eighteen months a more brilliant war 
record than that of the young man, who 
sought to enlist, ran away from home 
only to be brought back by his father, 
and finally went to the front in the dark- 
est days of the war, after he reached his 
eighteenth year." After the war closed 
Lieutenant Redman served his time with 
the National Guard, retiring on January 
I, 1876, with the commission of first lieu- 
tenant in Battery B, S. N. Y. He has 
occupied his present position as superin- 
tendent of the Court House at Rochester 
for twenty-seven years and has made a 
creditable record for faithfulness and re- 
liability. 

Lieutenant Redman is a member of all 
the Masonic bodies, belonging to the Blue 
Lodge, Chapter, Council and Comman- 
dery. He has also taken the thirty-sec- 
ond degree of the Scottish Rite and is 
connected with the Mystic Shrine. He has 
been one of the most efifective and faith- 
ful workers of the Grand Army cause 
in the county. He holds membership 
with Myron Adams Post, No. 84, Grand 
Army of the Republic, of which he has 
been commander for sixteen years. He 
was also assistant quartermaster-general 
under Department Commanders Joseph P. 
Cleary, James S. Graham and Henry N. 
Burhans, and was assistant inspector- 
general on the staff of the commander- 
in-chief, Leo Rasseur. He was one of 
the earnest, and has always been among 
the most zealous, workers in Grand Army 
affairs. As a veteran he upheld his flag 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



in the Civil War and although he was 
severely wounded in action he served his 
time in the National Guard and he has 
given the best years of his life to Grand 
Army interests. Having been always 
loyal in his citizenship, Lieutenant Red- 
man is entitled to special mention in this 
volume. 

On July 3, 1866, Lieutenant Redman 
married (first) Harriet E. Jones, of Web- 
ster, Monroe county, New York, who 
died in December, 1889. On August 12. 
1901, he married (second) Catherine 
Ayers. By his first marriage he had a 
daughter, Cora Alice, now the wife of 
C. A. Dutcher. 



GRAVES. Maurice A., 

War Veteran, Man of Enterprise. 

Maurice A. Graves is a son of Abial 
Stark and Elizabeth (Brockett) Graves, a 
grandson of Benjamin and Mary (Stark) 
Graves, and a great-grandson of Elijah 
Graves, who served six years in the Revo- 
lutionary War, enlisting from Connecti- 
cut. The family came from England in 
1643, vvhere many of its members were 
connected with the royal army and navy. 
Benjamin Graves, whose wife was a cousin 
of Mary Stark, of Bennington fame, came 
on foot from Connecticut to Westmore- 
land, Oneida county. New York, and set- 
tled there at a very' early date. He made 
frequent trips to Salt Point when the site 
of Syracuse was largely a swamp. He 
died March 23, 1868, aged eighty-four 
years. Of his eight children Abial Stark 
lived in Westmoreland and died Febru- 
ary 3 1905, aged eighty-three years. He 
enlisted in Company I, Eighty-first Regi- 
ment, New York Volunteers, in 1862, and 
was discharged in 1865. His wife's family 
came from England and settled in Con- 
necticut in 1637. Her father, Eli Broc- 
kett, came to Westmoreland at an early 
date, served as captain at Sacketts Har- 



bor, in the War of 1812, and died in Au- 
gust, 1871, aged eighty-five years. 

Maurice A. Graves was born in West- 
moreland, New York, April 23, 1846. He 
received a district school education in his 
native town, and came to Syracuse in 
September, 1865. He was bookkeeper for 
the old Fourth National Bank and for the 
wholesale tea and cofifee house of F. H. 
Loomis, three years each, and afterward 
occupied various responsible positions. 
In 1875 hs became a bookkeeper for John 
Crouse & Company, the largest wholesale 
grocery establishment in Central New 
York, and six months later was made 
financial manager, having entire charge 
of the collecting department, a position 
he held until the firm went out of busi- 
ness in February, 1887. He continued as 
confidential man to John and D. Edgar 
Crouse until the former's death, June 25, 
1889, and then remained in the same ca- 
pacity with D. Edgar until his death, No- 
vember ID, 1892. Meanwhile Mr. Graves 
closed up the estate of John J. Crouse, 
the business of John Crouse & Company, 
and the estate of the late John Crouse, all 
involving extensive interests in Syracuse 
and elsewhere. D. Edgar Crouse, by his 
will, appointed him one of his executors, 
and early in 1893 ^^- Graves commenced, 
with Jacob A. Nottingham, the settle- 
ment of that well-known estate, to which 
he has since largely given his attention. 
He is also interested in various other 
business enterprises. In 1895 he pur- 
chased of the George F. Comstock estate, 
the Comstock farm of one hundred and 
five acres, lying east of the university, 
and laid out a large part of it in building 
lots. This tract is known as University 
Heights, and is one of the largest pieces 
of city real estate which one man alone 
ever attempted to develop. Here, on the 
most elevated point, Mr. Graves erected 
in 1895, a handsome dwelling, in which 
he stored his valuable library of about 



146 




C^l^J^^r^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



two thousand five hundred volumes, many 
of them very rare and obtained at great 
expense. 

Mr. Graves has never sought political 
ofifice, but his public spirit and patriotism 
led him on September 8, 1862, to enlist in 
Company I, Eighty-first New York Vol- 
unteers, in which he served until Decem- 
ber, 1864, when he was transferred to 
Company I, Tenth Veteran Reserve 
Corps, which was stationed in Washing- 
ton during the last year of the Rebellion, 
guarding the White House, War Depart- 
ment, and other public buildings. He 
was present at President Lincoln's sec- 
ond inauguration, took an active part in 
the exciting scenes attending the Presi- 
dent's assassination, and has in his pos- 
session the drum that sounded the call 
for the first troops on that occasion. He 
also participated in the funeral obsequies 
and other events, including the grand re- 
view, when he was stationed with his 
drum corps opposite the grandstand to 
salute the regimental colors as they 
passed. He was honorably discharged, 
July 18, 1865, and since September of that 
year has resided in Syracuse, where he 
has taken an active part in church and 
missionary work. He was for many years 
a deacon and trustee of the Dutch Re- 
formed church in James street, and for 
some time was engaged in Sunday school 
mission work in connection With the 
Young Men's Christian Association. 
About 1882 he was elected superintend- 
ent of Rose Hill Mission (Sunday school) 
and continued in that capacity for twelve 
years. In 1886 this mission was reorgan- 
ized into the Westminster Presbyterian 
Church, largely through the zealous 
labors of Mr. Graves, who was elected 
one of the first trustees, a position he held 
for some time, was an elder in that church 
for ten years. He was for several years 
a member of Syracuse Presbytery, and in 
1894 was elected a delegate to the general 



assembly held at Saratoga. He is a mem- 
ber of the Citizens' Club ; Masonic Club ; 
Anglers' Association ; Root Post, No. 151, 
Grand Army of the Republic ; General 
Sniper Camp, No. 166, Sons of Veterans; 
Syracuse Lodge, No. 501, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons ; Central City Comman- 
dery. No. 25, Knights Templar ; Central 
City Consistory, Supreme Princes of the 
Royal Secret, thirty-second degree; Zi- 
yara Temple, Mystic Shrine, and the Ma- 
sonic Veteran Association. 

Mr. Graves married, January 17, 1872, 
Christina, daughter of Philetus Reed, of 
Syracuse, and they have three child'^en : 
Nathan R., Alice R., and Helen B. 



SCOTT, Frederick Bartlett, ^ 
Manafactnrer, Financier. 

There is no rule for achieving success. 
Many theories have been advanced and 
much has been written on the subject, 
and yet investigation into the lives of suc- 
cessful men brings to light the fact that 
they owe their progress and prosperity, 
not to any favorable chance, but to the 
untiring labor which, carefully directed 
by sound judgment, never fails to win a 
merited reward. This statement finds 
verification in the life of Frederick Bart- 
lett Scott, of Syracuse, president of the 
Syracuse Supply Company, and holding 
that and other official position in a num- 
ber of other corporations. It has been his 
watchfulness of the trade, his careful rec- 
ognition of the demands of the public, 
and his strong and steady purpose to 
achieve success through persistent and 
honorable labor, that has gained for him 
his present prosperity. 

Leonard W. Scott, a descendant of the 
kings of Holland, was born in Johns- 
town, Fulton county, New York, and died 
in Syracuse, New York, in February, 
1882. Having taken up his residence in 
Onondaga county. New York, he was for 



147 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



many years a dealer in carriages in Syra- 
cuse, becoming later a contractor on an 
extended scale. He married Harriet Bart- 
lett, a Puritan descendant, who was born 
in Cleveland, New York, and died in 1904. 
They have five children of whom the only 
survivor at the present time is: 

Frederick Bartlett Scott, who was born 
in Constantia, Oswego county. New York, 
September 26, 1857. He attended the 
public schools of his native town until 
the age of fourteen years, when the family 
removed to Syracuse, and his education 
was completed in the public schools of 
that city. His entrance upon his busi- 
ness career was as an employe of S. P. 
Pierce & Sons, dealers in china and glass- 
ware, where he remained for a period 
of eleven years, during which time he 
learned every detail of this business thor- 
oughly, and rose to a responsible position 
with the concern. Other positions brought 
him into contact with other concerns and 
greatly extended his field of service. 
Having decided to establish himself in 
business independently, Mr. Scott, in 
February, 1887, founded the business con- 
ducted under the name of the Syracuse 
Supply Company, and this was incorpo- 
rated in 1891, and reincorporated in 1905. 
Fifty-five people are constantly employed 
in the manufacture of leather belting, 
and in dealing in iron and wood working 
machinery, boilers, engines, steam appli- 
ances and manufacturers' supplies. They 
are also jobbers in electrical machinery 
and supplies, and from the outset the 
afifairs of this concern have been con- 
ducted along the most modern and pro- 
gressive lines. Great as have been the 
demands made upon the time of Mr. 
Scott by his important business, he has 
nevertheless been identified with a va- 
riety of interests also of great importance 
and value. He is vice-president of the 
Holcomb Steel Company, the Hudson 
Portland Cement Company, the Amphion 



Piano Player Company of Syracuse, and 
was for several years vice-president of 
the Hudson River Realty Company. He 
is president of the Star Lake Land Com- 
pany at Star Lake, New York, president 
of the Glenwood Land Company, New 
Jersey ; vice-president of the Hammond 
Steel & Forge Company, Syracuse; di- 
rector of Morris Plan Company Bank, 
and his executive ability in all of these 
responsible offices has been largely in- 
strumental in their continued success. 
The Republican party has always had his 
consistent support, and on many occa- 
sions he has served in public afifairs, 
greatly to the benefit of the community. 
He is a member of the Park Presbyterian 
Church, and a trustee of this institution. 
His membership with various organiza- 
tions is as follows : The Citizens' Club, 
the Technology Club, the Anglers' Asso- 
ciation, Bellevue Country Club. He is 
a member of the Syracuse Chamber of 
Commerce, and as a director of this body 
his sound judgment was a factor not to 
be overlooked. He has served on the 
commission to build the Young Men's 
Christian Association, and on that to in- 
vestigate the lighting system of the city. 
Mr. Scott married, in September, 1886, 
Belle, a daughter of Hiram L. and Ruth 
M. Hawley, of Syracuse. Children : Wal- 
ter H. and Harold H., who have been 
graduated from Yale University ; Harold 
B., married Mabel Brace, of Tarrytown, 
New York ; Frederick H., student at Cor- 
nell University, who has just attained his 
majority; Marion Belle, graduate of 
Syracuse University, married Maxwell 
Brace, of Tarrytown, New York, 1913. 



ALDRIDGE, George Washington, Jr., 

Man of Affairs. Public Official. 

Perhaps in no field of life's activity is 
success won at a greater personal cost 
than in public life. A loser receives no 



148 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



sympathy, a winner no real gratitude 
from his party. Opponents watch eagerly 
for even the slightest mistake, and those 
who should support a man most strongly are 
so anxious to advance their own interests 
and so filled with a sense of their own 
importance that they are a hindrance 
rather than a help. The public career of 
George W. Aldridge furnishes an illus- 
tration of a man strong in the qualities 
that make for success and who has risen 
to commanding position in the councils 
of the Republican party of the State of 
New York, and to leadership in the city 
of Rochester. Loyal in his devotion to 
party he has for himself accepted no posi- 
tion he was not eminently qualified to fill. 
Faithful in the discharge of every official 
duty, true to every trust reposed in him. 
a wonderful organizer, and a fearless 
leader, he has become a tower of strength 
to his party and a man to be reckoned 
with in political encounter. 

George W. Aldridge was born in 
Michigan City, Indiana, December 28, 
1856, son of George W. and Virginia (De 
Orsey) Aldridge, his father of New York, 
his mother of Ohio birth. The senior 
George W. Aldridge after locating in 
Rochester won high reputation as a mas- 
ter builder, and was honored by the 
voters of the city by election to the chief 
magistracy of the city, and by them also 
to membership on the board of aldermen. 

George W. Aldridge, Jr., obtained a 
good education in the public schools, De 
Graff Military Institute, of Rochester, 
and Gary Collegiate Seminary at Oak- 
field, New York. He then began busi- 
ness life in association with his father, and 
together they continued as general con- 
tractors until the death of the senior 
partner in 1877, when George W. Al- 
dridge, Jr., assumed the management of 
the business. He is a director of the Lin- 
coln National Bank, and has other large 
interests in the city, among which is the 



presidency of the American Clay and 
Cement Corporation. 

Mr. Aldridge early displayed an in- 
terest in public affairs, his natural fitness 
for leadership becoming manifest. He 
was but twenty-si.x years of age when 
first elected a member of the executive 
board of the city, a board having in 
charge the departments of water, street, 
fire and public improvements. His con- 
nection with the executive board won 
public approval and his efficiency was so 
apparent that he was four times reelected, 
each successive return showing increas- 
ing majorities over opposing candidates. 
In 1894 he was elected chief magistrate 
of the city and ably filled the mayor's 
chair until the following year, when he 
was called to higher position by Gov- 
ernor Morton, who appointed him State 
Superintendent of Public Works. This 
necessitated his resignation of the mayor's 
office, which followed, and during the 
terms of Governor Morton and Governor 
Black, the latter of whom reappointed 
him, he continued the efficient head of 
the State Department of Public Works. 
During his incumbency of the office the 
work of improving the Erie Canal was 
begun and the long delayed completion 
of the State Capitol at Albany accom- 
plished. In 1905 Governor Higgins ap- 
pointed Mr. Aldridge a member of the 
New York State Railroad Commission, 
and in 1907 he became chairman of the 
commission. His work as a public ser- 
vant, endorsed by three chief executives, 
has been valuable to the State, and has 
brought him prominently into public 
view, adding to his prestige as a leader 
in his own city, and making him a promi- 
nent figure in State politics. He is a 
member of the Republican State Com- 
mittee, a position he has held since the 
year 1887. He has met the fate of all 
leaders, at times suffering defeats, but 
has never been dethroned, and at the 



149 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



present time (1915) is strong in his lead- 
ership and a power in the Republican 
party. His friends are legion and he is 
associated with them in many organiza- 
tions, societies and clubs. 

In volunteer fire department days he 
was an active member of Alert Hose 
Company, for five years was president of 
the Exempt Firemen's Association, and 
still holds membership in that body. He 
is an ex-trustee of the Chamber of Com- 
merce of Rochester. He is a Master Ma- 
son, a Royal Arch Mason, a Knight 
Templar, and in Scottish Rite Masonry 
holds all degrees up to and including the 
thirty-second degree. He is also afliliated 
with the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows and the Knights of Pythias. His 
clubs are the Rochester, Country, Whist, 
Athletic (life member), and Oak Hill 
Country, all of Rochester; the Lotos, 
Republican and Lawyers', of New York 
City. He is an interested member of the 
Rochester Historical Society, the Roches- 
ter Municipal Art Commission, and in all 
these organizations he takes more than a 
passive interest. Through his patriotic 
ancestry he has gained admission to the 
Sons of the Revolution. 

Open-handed and generous, he is most 
unostentatious in his giving, and no 
worthy cause fails to receive his support. 
He is a man of tremendous industry and 
energ}% and has gained his position in the 
business world through merit and by the 
exercise of the qualities upon which alone 
an enduring business edifice can be 
erected. He is respected by his associ- 
ates in business and public life, loved by 
his friends, and both feared and respected 
by his opponents. He has also success- 
fully asserted his rights to leadership, 
and in Rochester, where he is best known, 
is regarded as a man who can be trusted 
and safely followed. Disorganized forces 
never win, and he who can organize, ma- 
neuver, and lead masses of men to sue 



cessful assertion of party principles at the 
polls is no less worthy of the regard of his 
fellow men than he who leads men to an 
assertion of national honor upon actual 
fields of battle. "Peace hath her vic- 
tories" as well as war, and peaceful vindi- 
cation of party principles through the 
medium of the ballot box requires gen- 
eralship of the highest quality. 



SNOW, Charles Wesley, 

Financier, Man of Affairs. 

The men most influential in promoting 
the advancement of society and in giving 
character to the times in which they live 
are cf two classes — the men of study and 
the men of action. Whether we are more 
indebted for the improvement of the age 
to the one class or to the other is a ques- 
tion of honest difference of opinion ; 
neither class can be spared and both 
should be encouraged to occupy their 
several spheres of labor and influence, 
zealously and without mutual distrust. 
In the following paragraphs are briefly 
outlined the leading facts and character- 
istics in the career of a gentleman, 
Charles Wesley Snow, who combines in 
his makeup the elements of the scholar 
and the energy of the public-spirited man 
of affairs. He is essentially cosmopolitan 
in his ideas, and a representative of that 
strong American manhood which com- 
mands and retains respect by reason of 
inherent merit, sound sense and correct 
conduct. Measured by the accepted 
standard of excellence, his career has 
been eminently honorable and useful, and 
his life fraught with great good to human- 
ity and to the world at large. Hiram 
Snow, his father, died in Syracuse in 1854, 
and his mother, Alidar Ann (Squier) 
Snow, died in the same city in 1889. 
They had twelve children. 

Charles Wesley Snow was born in 
Peterboro, Madison county, New York, 



150 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



March ii, 1S35, the second child of bis 
parents. He was still in infancy when his 
parents removed to Messina Springs, and 
was in his sixth year when the family 
home was established in Syracuse, New 
York, with which city practically his en- 
tire life has been identified. The public 
schools of Syracuse furnished him with 
excellent educational advantages, and ho 
made the best use of his opportunities in 
them. At the age of fifteen years he en- 
tered upon his business career by becom- 
ing a clerk in the employ of W. B. Tobey, 
the proprietor of a drug store. Four 
years were spent in such faithful dis- 
charge of the numerous and responsible 
duties of this position, that at the end of 
this period, 1854, Mr. Tobey admitted 
him to a partnership, the firm continuing 
the business under the style of Tobey & 
Snow until 1866. In that year, Mr. Snow, 
desiring to be unhampered in the pursuit 
of his progressive ideas in regard to the 
conduct of a business, decided to estab- 
lish himself independently, and accord- 
ingly opened a drug store at old No. 28 
East Genesee street. In the course of 
time this became a wholesale as well as a 
retail concern, and was actively con- 
ducted in the same location for a period 
of twenty-two years. In the meantime, 
Mr. Snow had purchased the property at 
Nos. 214-216 South Warren street and 
erected in 1888 the lofty brick and iron 
fireproof structure, which housed the 
drug business of C. W. Snow & Com- 
pany. From the time of its first estab- 
lishment the business had grown steadily 
and consistently, branching out over an 
extensive territory in addition to having 
a large local trade. This, however, is not 
the only business enterprise with which 
Mr. Snow is prominently connected. 
Since 1887 he has been a member of the 
board of directors of the First National 
Bank of Syracuse, and in 1902 was hon- 
ored with the vice-presidency of this in- 



stitution ; he served in this office until 
1910, and in February of that year was 
elected president of this bank, remaining 
the incumbent of this ofifice until his 
resignation in November, 1914, when he 
was elected chairman of the board. For 
many years he has been a member of the 
board of trustees of the Onondaga Coun- 
ty Savings Bank. He has also served as 
president of the Chamber of Commerce 
of Syracuse. His religious affiliation is 
with the Unitarian church, of which he 
is a member and trustee, and his con- 
nection with various benevolent and char- 
itable institutions is a prominent and ex- 
tensive one, as he gives his personal serv- 
ice as well as of his means. 

Mr. Snow married, October 20, 1863, 
Harriet L. Powers, only daughter of Dr. 
Nelson C. Powers. Children : Nelson P., 
born December 9, 1868 ; Carrie L., Octo- 
ber 15, 1874. In the public issues and 
questions of the day Mr. Snow takes an 
intelligent interest, but his political activ- 
ity is confined to his exercise of the right 
of franchise. His is the story of a life 
whose success is measured by its useful- 
ness — a life that has made for good in all 
its relations with the world. Always 
calm and dignified, never demonstrative, 
his life is, nevertheless, a persistent plea, 
more by precept and example than by 
spoken word, for purity and grandeur of 
right principles and the beauty and eleva- 
tion of wholesome character. To him 
home life is a sacred trust, friendship is 
inviolable, and nothing can swerve him 
from the path of rectitude and honor. 



SALISBURY, Bert Eugene, /-- 

Manufacturer, Inventor, Financier. 

Bert Eugene Salisbury, who by con- 
secutive steps has steadily climbed up- 
ward in the business world until he is at 
the present time (1916) president and 
general manager of Pass & Seymour, In- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



corporated, at Solvay, Onondaga county, 
New York, was born in the town of 
Geddes, New York, May 28, 1870, son of 
Henry O. and Celia (Seaman) Salisbury. 
Henry O. Salisbury was also a native of 
Onondaga county. New York, and his 
wife a native of Connecticut, living at the 
present time. The father was a builder 
and contractor, and was well known be- 
cause of his business enterprises and the 
extent of his industrial interests. He died 
in 1891. 

Bert Eugene Salisbury pursued his 
early education in the Geddes Union 
Free School, now Porter School, and was 
graduated from the Syracuse High School 
with the class of 1890. He also attended 
Cazenovia Seminary for a short period 
of time, but in the meantime was em- 
ployed by the Solvay Process Company 
and also in the drug business. Later he 
entered the employ of his father, which 
connection continued until February, 
1891, when he became connected with 
the firm of Pass & Seymour, where he 
has risen gradually to his present impor- 
tant position, his promotions coming to 
him in recognition of merit and ability 
displayed in the mastery of the various 
tasks and duties assigned him. He was 
serving as superintendent when in 1901 
he was made secretary and general man- 
ager ; in January, 1906, he was elected 
to the positions of vice-president, treas- 
urer, and general manager, and in Janu- 
ary, 1914, was made president and gen- 
eral manager, in which capacities he is still 
serving. He has been instrumental in in- 
troducing the manufacture of various com- 
plete and successful articles now produced 
by the concern. Thoroughness, which has 
characterized him in everything that he 
has undertaken, has brought to him inti- 
mate knowledge of the business in prin- 
ciple and detail, and, recognizing needs 
and possibilities he has carried forward 
experiments and investigations until his 

152 



labors have resulted in inventions, upon 
which he has taken out many patents. 
The trademark of the company is P. & 
S. and the products of the factory are 
disposed of through the regular channels 
Four hundred workmen are now em- 
ployed, and the business is constantly 
growing along substantial lines that in- 
sure its future success and progress. In 
addition to this he became a director of 
the Onondaga Pottery Company, of 
Syracuse, New York, and three years 
later was elected president and treasurer 
of the concern, succeeding James Pass. 
The product of this company combines 
the beauty of historic porcelain with the 
durability made possible by modern sci- 
ence, and the great advantage of this 
company's china is that its composition 
and the qualities of its materials are al- 
most exactly the same as those used in 
the world-famous potteries of Conti- 
nental Europe. The china is really a 
product combining the best in the older 
materials and processes in order to pro- 
duce a new and better china that is dis- 
tinctively American. The result is that 
there is no fine table china on the market 
to-day that will compare with O. P. Co. 
Syracuse China for durability and serv- 
ice. He is a director of the First Na- 
tional Bank, Syracuse ; director of the 
Morris Plan Bank, Syracuse ; member of 
the board of governors of Associated 
Manufacturers of Electrical Supplies ; 
member of the Chamber of Commerce; 
president of the Billy Sunday Business 
Men's Club of Syracuse; trustee of Syra- 
cuse University, Cazenovia Seminary, 
the Central New York Methodist Epis- 
copal Conference, and the Myrtle Hill 
Cemetery ; vice-president of the Young 
Men's Christian Association ; and a mem- 
ber of the Efficiency Society of New 
York, the American Ceramic Society, the 
New York State Ceramic Society, the 
Electrical Manufacturers' Club, the En- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



gineers' Club of New York, the Jovian 
Order, the Technology Club, the Citizens' 
Club, the Onondaga Golf and Countrj- 
Club, Bellevue Country Club, Chamber 
of Commerce of the United States, and 
the Mystic Krewe. He also holds mem- 
bership in and is a trustee of the West 
Genesee Methodist Episcopal Church. In 
politics he is a Republican, but aside from 
keeping well informed on the questions 
and issues of the day and supporting the 
party by his ballot, he takes no active 
interest in political affairs. Mr. Salis- 
bury finds in photography a favorite form 
of recreation, and also greatly enjoys 
boating. He has, however, concentrated 
his energies upon his business interests, 
and believing that integrity and straight- 
forward dealing can go hand in hand with 
success has worked to that end. and his 
own life record is verification of this be- 
lief. 

Mr. Salisbury married, December 3, 
1895, Mary P. Pharis, of Syracuse, New 
York, a daughter of Mills P. and Eliza 
A. Pharis. Their children are: Kather- 
ine, born February 13, 1905 ; Robert, 
born December 25, 1906; Henry, born 
October 5, 1908; William, born June 20, 
191 1. The city residence of the family is 
at No. 1810 West Genesee street, Syra- 
cuse, and their summer home is located 
on Fourth Lake in the Adirondacks. 



WHITMORE, Valentine P., 

Bnilding Contractor, Public Official. 

The great works now necessary to sup- 
ply municipalities and corporations with 
the means properly to meet their needs 
employ a vast army of workmen who 
must be organized and directed by men 
of superior executive ability, by men who 
can themselves grasp the problems of 
construction presented them by engi- 
neers, by men who can plan and success- 
fully execute the work. The engineers 



plan without regard to the difficulty of 
the work ; the contractor must execute 
according to the plan, regardless of rock, 
quicksand, flood, scarcity of labor, or fail- 
ure of supplies. Valentine F. Whitmore 
grew up amid such problems, and from 
the age of fifteen years has been engaged 
on public works of importance, beginning 
as a water boy, and now is the honored 
head of the Whitmore, Rauber & Vicin- 
us Contracting Company, of Rochester. 
He acquired experience as a working 
man, rose to authority as superintendent, 
and when, in 1868, he entered the con- 
tracting field, there was no man better 
equipped to handle important construc- 
tion work. He has won success as a 
builder, as a business man, and as an 
executive, and has to his credit some of 
the largest Western New York contracts 
successfully executed, this being particu- 
larly true in the city of Rochester. 

Valentine F. Whitmore was born in 
Germany, September 17, 1844, and was 
brought to the United States by his par- 
ents in 1849. His first American home 
was in Syracuse and there until he was 
fifteen years of age he attended the public 
schools. He then became a wage earner, 
his first job being as water boy on public 
works in Syracuse. As he grew in years 
and experience he obtained more respon- 
sible positions, and after locating in 
Rochester in 1863 became superintendent 
of construction on the Erie Canal. He 
was ambitious, and when opportunity 
offered to obtain a contract to repair a 
section of the canal he embraced it. He 
continued in canal work under Lewis 
Selye until 1868, then definitely engaged 
in business for himself as a general con- 
tractor. He was successful in securing 
some good contracts, which he satisfac- 
torily executed, continuing in business 
alone until January i, 1875, when he en- 
tered into partnership with John Rauber 
(now deceased) and William Vicinus. 



153 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



As a partnership, greater expansion was 
possible, but later, more capital and 
leaders being necessary, the business was 
incorporated with Valentine F. Whit- 
more, president; John N. Rauber, vice- 
president ; Lewis S. Whitmore, treasurer, 
and William Vicinus, secretary. The 
record of Mr. Whitmore as individual 
contractor, partner and chief executive has 
been one of success and his business one 
of constant growth. He has executed 
some of the largest of Western New 
York contracts, but a great part of his 
work and that of his company has been in 
connection with the public improvements 
of Rochester. Among their important 
works of these years may be cited the 
Rochester Water Works conduit, twenty- 
six and one half miles in length, three feet 
four inches in diameter; Central avenue 
concrete bridge ; a large section of the 
East Side trunk sewer; a section of the 
disposal sewer; miles of streets and con- 
necting sewers. The company owns ex- 
tensive limestone quarries and are also 
contractors of cutstone and interior mar- 
ble work, and dealers in masons' supplies. 
Mr. Whitmore has other important busi- 
ness interests, being president of the 
Rochester German Brick and Tile Com- 
pany, is vice-president and a director of 
the Merchants' Bank, director of the East 
Side Savings Bank and of the Genesee 
Valley Trust Company. 

A Republican in politics, he has always 
taken an active, influential part in public 
affairs. For four years he served as 
school commissioner and for four years 
was a member of the board of aldermen. 
His official record shows the same thor- 
ough and business-like devotion to public 
duty that has characterized his conduct 
of his private afifairs, and city interests 
have ever been held paramount. Broad- 
minded and progressive, he is very de- 
liberate in forming his opinions and plans, 
but most determined when a plan of ac- 



tion has been decided upon. He possesses 
a sympathetic, kindly nature, is most ap- 
preciative of the good traits of others, 
knows the value of friendships, and ever 
remembers that "to have a friend one 
must be one." 

Mr. Whitmore married, February 21, 
1867, Eunice L. Haight. Their children 
are: Lewis S., Walter V., Eunice, mar- 
ried William H. Vicinus ; Homer G. All 
his sons and his son-in-law are engaged 
with him in business, Lewis S. Whitmore 
being treasurer, William H. Vicinus, sec- 
retary, of the Whitmore, Rauber & Vicin- 
us Company, incorporated in 1904. 



MEANY, Edward P., 

Lavryer, Man of AfPairs, 

Brevet Major-General Edward P. Meany 
was born in Louisville, Kentucky, May 
13, 1854, son of the late Judge Edward A. 
and Maria Lavinia (Shannon) Meany, of 
English anc ^rish ancestry. For many 
years his father, Judge Edward A. Meany, 
was conspicuously identified with the 
jurisprudence of the South, having previ- 
ously attained an honored position on the 
bench and at the bar. His family in- 
cluded Captain John Meany, a d-stin- 
guished citizen of Philadelphia, Penns}J- 
vania. He was also related on the ma- 
ternal side to Commodore Barry, of Phil- 
adelphia, one of the founders of the 
United States Navy, to whom President 
Washington presented the first commis- 
sion to any ofificer of the navy created 
under the Constitution — "Captain," this 
being the highest rank conferred at that 
time. Commodore Barry has been con- 
sidered by many naval historians as the 
Father of the American Navy. Maria 
Lavinia (Shannon) Meany, mother of 
General Meany, was a daughter of Henry 
Gould Shannon, who settled at Louis- 
ville, Kentucky, in 1810, and was among 
the leading citizens of that city. 



154 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



As a youth General Meany was studi- 
ous and ambitious, and after making ex- 
cellent progress in the schools of his na- 
tive State, he completed the course of the 
St. Louis University at St. Louis, Mis- 
souri. Under the careful and thorough 
direction of his father he was prepared 
for the practice of law, and was admitted 
to the bar in 1878. For many years he 
was counsel for the American Telephone 
and Telegraph Company, and held other 
positions of confidence and responsibility 
with associated corporations. His legal 
and financial abilities were in demand, 
and he became a director of important 
railway, financial and other corporations. 
As vice-president of the New Mexico 
Central & Southern Railway Company, 
he represented that company in 1884 be- 
fore the government of Mexico, and in 
financial circles of Europe, and his diplo- 
matic and legal talents served the com- 
pany well in his intercourse with the gov- 
ernment of the Republic of Mexico in 
1884. General Meany is still identified 
with various business interests, being 
vice-president and director of the Trust 
Company of New Jersey ; a director of 
the Colonial Life Insurance Company of 
America; the National Bank of Morris- 
town, New Jersey ; the Cartaret Trust 
V "-mpany ; the Laurel Coal & Land Com- 
pany, and Pond Fork Coal & Land Com- 
pany of West Virginia. 

In 1886 he moved to New Jersey, where 
he soon joined the National Guard. In 
1893 lis ■W'^s appointed judge advocate 
general of New Jersey, with the rank of 
brigadier-general, and in the following 
year was made one of the Palisade com- 
missioners of the State of New Jersey, a 
body formed to preserve the natural 
scenery of the State on the banks of the 
Hudson river. For several years he acted 
as trustee and treasurer of the Newark 
Free Public Library. General Meany was 
reared under influences which naturally 



led him to affiliate with the Democratic 
party, and he has always manfully sup- 
ported its principles. In the National 
Democratic Conventions of 1896 and 1900 
he represented the State of New Jersey, 
and in both those bodies he earnestly sup- 
ported the principles of the old line De- 
mocracy, and vigorously protested against 
the abandonment by the party of those 
principles. His influence in the councils 
of the party in New Jersey is potent and 
widely felt, and he is esteemed and re- 
spected by all classes regardless of poli- 
tical affiliations, for his upright and man- 
ly course in standing by his principles. 
In 1914, upon his own request. General 
Meany was placed on the retired list of 
the National Guard of New Jersey, with 
the rank of brevet major-general. He is 
identified with many prominent clubs, in- 
cluding the Lawyers' Club, the Morris 
County Golf Club, the Morris County 
Country Club, the Whippany River Club, 
and the Morristown Club. Through his 
marriage to Rosalie, daughter of Peter 
Behr, Esq., of St. Louis, Missouri, Gen- 
eral Meany has now living a son. Shan- 
non Lord Meany. 



MOULTON, Webster Collins, 

Arcbitect. 

Since the completion of his university 
course in 1912, Mr. Moulton has pursued 
his professional work in Syracuse, the 
city of his birth, with the exception of 
the time spent in New York City in con- 
nection with the Sage Foundation Homes 
Company. Although as yet young in his 
full honors as an architect, he has had 
opportunity to demonstrate his quality 
and is well-known as talented, capable 
and reliable. Moulton is a name well- 
known in the engineering world through 
the unusual activity of Guy Moulton, 
civil engineer of Syracuse, whose con- 
nection with railroad, water works and 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



canal construction has been long con- 
tinued and important. The record of his 
honored father is an inspiration and a 
stimulant to the son and in a different but 
kindred field he aspires to achieve equally 
honorable reputation. 

Guy Moulton, father of Webster Collins 
Moulton, was born in Cicero, Onondaga 
county, New York, February 25, 1861, 
son of Emery and Mary J. (Churchill) 
Moulton. He is a graduate of Cornell 
University, B. S., class of 1881, and since 
1910 has been division engineer, Middle 
Division, New York State Canals. He 
began his engineering career in 1882 as 
assistant engineer with the Buffalo, 
Rochester & Pittsburgh Railroad Com- 
pany, beginning with the pieliminary sur- 
vey and continuing until the completion 
of the road. He abandoned engineering 
in 1883 and until 1889 engaged in farm- 
ing, but in the latter year entered the em- 
ploy of the Lehigh Railroad Company as 
assistant engineer on the Lizard Creek 
branch in Pennsylvania, also building 
twelve miles of that branch. He was 
connected with the Buffalo extension of 
the same road in 1890-92 in the same ca- 
pacity, building twelve miles of the ex- 
tension and completing an additional 
twelve miles. In 1893 he improved and 
extended the Watkins Water System. 
During 1894 he was engaged in railway 
engineering in New York and Tennessee. 
He spent the years 1895-96 in Pennsyl- 
vania as engineer and general manager 
for a coal mining company and in Alichi- 
gan as assistant engineer of the Jackson 
& Mackinaw railroad, also constructing 
a twelve-mile section of that road. 

He began his connection with New 
York State canal construction in 1896 as 
engineer and general manager for Mc- 
Donald & Sayre, contractors of canal 
work under the Nine Millions Act, con- 
tinuing with that firm until 1897. I" that 
year he was appointed first assistant engi- 



neer of the Middle Division, New York 
State Canals, acting in that capacity until 

1903, when he was advanced to the post 
of resident engineer on the Barge Canal 
project. He held that position until 1909, 
then became division engineer of the 
Middle Division, New York State Canals, 
and in 1910 first resident engineer of the 
Middle Division, which position he now 
holds. 

He is a Republican in politics, trustee 
of the Universalist Society of Syracuse, 
member of the American Society of Civil 
Engineers, the Technology Club of Syra- 
cuse and belongs to both lodge and chap- 
ter of the Masonic order. 

He married at Clay, Onondaga county. 
New York, March 16, 1887, Sara Adaline 
Wright. Children: Webster Collins, of 
further mention ; Lloyd W. ; and Guy W. 

\\'ebster Collins Moulton, eldest son of 
Guy and Sara Adaline (Wright) Moulton, 
was born in Syracuse, New York, No- 
vember 19, 1889. He obtained his pre- 
paratory education in the city schools, 
graduating from grammar school in June, 

1904, and from high school with the class 
of June, 1908. He then pursued a four 
years' course at Syracuse University, 
whence he was graduated in the class of 
June, 1912. He had chosen architecture as 
his life work and until 191 5 was engaged 
as draughtsman with Gordon Wright, 
architect of Syracuse, with the Sage Foun- 
dation Homes Company, New York, and 
with the city of Syracuse. In August, 
1915, he first announced himself to the 
public as an architect, establishing offices 
in the Union Building, 441 Salina street, 
Syracuse. The public has responded to 
his claim to recognition and the year that 
has elapsed has been most satisfactory. 
During the summers of 1909 and 191 1, 
while a student at the university, Mr. 
Moulton held civil service position with 
the city of Syracuse. He is a member of 
the First Universalist Church of Syra- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



cuse, the Technology, City and Ka-Xe- 
Enda Canoe clubs. He married, June 3, 
1916, at Syracuse, Hazel Marie, daughter 
of Bernard and Lottie Sophia (Peck) 
Cohn. 



NETTLETON, Albert E., 

Manufacturer, Financier. 

The city of Syracuse, New York, is 
justly celebrated as a manufacturing cen- 
ter, and the business of manufacturing 
shoes is one of its most important indus- 
tries. Prominently identified with this 
particular branch of manufacture is Al- 
bert E. Nettleton, who is regarded as one 
of the conservative business men of the 
city, progressive and modern in all that 
he undertakes to do. The social and 
political afifairs of the city are given their 
fair share of his attention, and he is an 
unostentatious yet generous patron of any 
plan that is afoot to better the cause of 
humanity. 

For the greater part of a century, the 
name of Nettleton has been associated 
with the shoe trade in the State of New 
York. Edward Nettleton established one 
of the first boot and shoe stores in the 
village of Fulton, New York, about 1837, 
and personally and successfully con- 
ducted this until his death in 1864, when 
his sons, Franklin E. and Samuel W., 
succeeded him, and conducted afifairs ac- 
cording to the most approved methods, 
and they in turn were succeeded by their 
brother, Augustus C. Nettleton. 

Albert E. Nettleton, son of Edward 
Nettleton, was born in Fulton, Oswego 
county, New York, October 29, 1850. His 
early education was acquired in the public 
schools of that section, and this he later 
supplemented by attendance at the Falley 
Seminary, in Fulton, being graduated 
from this institution in the class of 1869. 
Upon the completion of his studies, he 
found employment in the business of his 



brother, Augustus C. Nettleton, who had" 
succeeded his two older brothers, and in 
1872 Albert E. Nettleton succeeded his 
brother, Augustus C, purchasing the 
business from him . In 1875 he also 
established a shoe store in Cazenovia, 
New York, which he conducted until 
1881, and from 1881 to 1884 he also con- 
ducted a shoe store in Lyons, New York. 
In 1879 he came to Syracuse, and there 
purchased the boot and shoe factory of 
James R. Barrett, and later formed a 
partnership with W. A. Hill, this firm 
conducting business under the style of A. 
E. Nettleton & Company. By purchas- 
ing the interests of his associates, Mr. 
Nettleton became the sole owner of the 
concern, making a specialty of the manu- 
facture of men's shoes, for which his plant 
earned a well merited reputation. He 
employed upwards of six hundred hands, 
and the products of the factory go to all 
parts of the world, finding a ready sale. 
Only the best materials are used, in pro- 
portion to the cost of the finished product, 
and only the best work done. His aim 
was to build up a reputation and business 
on the actual value and merit of his 
product, and this he accomplished most 
successfully. 

But the manufacture of shoes is not 
the only enterprise with which Mr. Net- 
tleton is closely connected. He was 
elected president of the Fulton Paper 
Company in November, 1893 ; is presi- 
dent of the C. A. Whelan Company ; sec- 
ond vice-president of the Great Lakes 
Steamship Company ; trustee of Onon- 
daga County Savings Bank; director of 
the National Bank of Syracuse ; director 
of the Syracuse Trust Company ; director 
of the Empire Savings and Loan Associ- 
ation, elected in April, 1892, and director 
of the Paragon Plaster Company, becom- 
ing a member of its board of directors at 
its organization in 1888. Mr. Nettleton 
has shown marked ability as a financier, 



157 



EXXYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



his counsel and advice being frequently 
sought and always followed. 

Mr. Nettleton is deeply interested in 
the public welfare, and uses his utmost 
influence to better existing conditions in 
every way that lies in his power, succeed- 
ing well in his efforts. His life history 
most happily illustrates what may be 
attained by faithful and continued effort 
in carrying out an honest purpose. Un- 
tiring activity and energy are prominent 
factors in the success he has achieved, 
and his example is well worthy of emula- 
tion by the youth of the present day. He 
is scrupulously honorable in all his under- 
takings with mankind, and bears a repu- 
tation for public and private integrity sec- 
ond to no man. He is sociable and genial 
in disposition, and has a wide circle of 
friends. 



OWEN, Charles Sumner, 

Business Man, Public OfBcial. 

It was an immortal saying of a great 
citizen of the State of New York and a 
great American that "A public office is 
a public trust." That sentiment has taken 
deep root in American politics and there 
are men in office to-day who so regard 
public office, as it was so regarded by 
many before President Cleveland voiced 
the truth. Such a man is Charles Sumner 
Owen, who as supervisor, commissioner 
of public safety of Rochester and sheriff 
of Monroe county, has shown a devotion 
to official duty that has won him the un- 
qualified confidence of the public. With 
devotion, efficiency has gone hand in 
hand, and while his term as sheriff has 
not yet expired, his record as commis- 
sioner of safety was one marked with 
such an advance in the efficiency of that 
department of municipal government that 
Rochester holds his name in grateful re- 
membrance. Since 1894 Sheriff Owen 
has been connected with the business in- 



terests of his native city, beginning as 
office boy, and is now vice-president of 
the Chapin-Owen Company, dealers in 
auto supplies, motor engines, and sports- 
man's goods. He holds high position in 
the Masonic order and is a most worthy 
exponent in his daily walk of the best 
tenets of that ancient institution. His 
rise to public favor and the success he 
has attained are not due to a lucky turn 
of Fortune's wheel, but to his own strong 
personality, his keen powers of observa- 
tion, his clear mind, his energy, his cour- 
age, his unblemished integrity, and his 
manly life. He is a true son of the Em- 
pire State, son of Wilbur F. and Mary 
Ellen (Brady) Owen, both born in New 
York, his father having spent almost his 
entire life in Rochester, where for many 
years he has been associated with the 
firm of Smith, Beir & Gormley, jobbers 
of dry goods. 

Charles Sumner Owen was born in 
Rochester, January 7, 1869, second in a 
family of six children. He attended pub- 
lic school until fifteen years of age, then 
became a wage earner, entering the em- 
ploy of Sargent & Greenleaf, lock manu- 
facturers, as office boy. Two years later 
he went with May Brothers in a higher ca- 
pacity, and about 1887 with Moore & 
Beir, clothing manufacturers. He rapid- 
ly advanced in rank with the last named 
firm, his efficiency and ability being fully 
recognized and amply rewarded. In 1903 
the firm of Moore & Beir became a corpo- 
ration, Mr. Owen being chosen the first 
vice-president. He continued an impor- 
tant factor in the management and suc- 
cess of the company until 1909, when he 
became commissioner of public safety for 
the city of Rochester. Since that time he 
has devoted himself to the public service 
of city and county, becoming, however, a 
member of the Chapin-Owen Company in 
1915, serving that company as vice-presi- 
dent. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Since becoming a voter Sheriff Owen 
has been an active Republican. On Feb- 
ruary I, 1903, he was appointed a member 
of the board of supervisors of Monroe 
county, to fill out the unexpired term of 
Willis K. Gillette. At the next regular 
election he was the Republican candidate 
for that office from the Third Ward of 
the city of Rochester, was elected, and 
served with such acceptance that in 1905 
he was reelected. On January i, 1907, he 
was chosen chairman of the board, serv- 
ing in that position until the end of his 
term of office. On January i, 1908, he 
was appointed commissioner of public 
safety, a responsible position in which he 
demonstrated his full power of organiza- 
tion, his firm grasp of municipal con- 
ditions, and his ability to cope with 
weighty problems of administration. He 
brought system, order and reliability out 
of inferior conditions and gave to Roches- 
ter an administration of the Department 
of Public Safety such as it had never 
known. In 1914 he was the Republican 
nominee and the successful contender for 
the office of sheriff of Monroe county. 
He assumed the duties of that position, 
January i, 191 5, and his discharge of the 
obligations of the sheriff's office is on the 
same high plane of prompt, thorough and 
conscientious service that has character- 
ized his official as well as his business 
career. 

In the Masonic order Mr. Owen has 
ever been active, his official career being 
highly honorable and an evidence of his 
standing in the esteem of his brethren. 
He is past master of Valley Lodge, No. 
109, Free and Accepted IMasons ; past 
high priest of Hamilton Chapter, No. 62, 
Royal Arch Masons ; Sir Knight of Mon- 
roe Commandery, Knights Templar, and 
a Noble of Damascus Temple, Ancient 
Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic 
Shrine. He has been connected with the 
Masonic Temple Association from its in- 



ception, serving as a director, and is an 
ex-president of the Masonic Club. He is 
also a member of the Rochester Club. 

Sheriff Owen married, April 18, 1882, 
Delphine A. Cragg, of Rochester, and has 
a daughter, Dorothy Cragg Owen. 



i' 

STONE, Charles Luke, 

Iiaixryer, Referee in Bankruptcy. 

Charles Luke Stone is descended from 
a very ancient family, whose name ap- 
pears to have been derived from a place 
of residence. The early Ardleigh records 
speak of William Att Stone, which indi- 
cates that his name arose from his resi- 
dence, near some important rock, perhaps 
a land mark. Symond Stone, the earliest 
known ancestor of this branch of the 
Stone family, made a will on May 12, 
1506, the record of which is on the parish 
records of Much Bromley, England. The 
will was proved February 10, 15 10; he 
bequeathed to his son Walter his tene- 
ment in Ardleigh, and as Ardleigh is in 
the immediate vicinity of Much Bromley, 
it would appear that this first Symond 
was a descendant of the William at the 
Stone, mentioned above. In a court roll 
of 1465, in the reign of Edward IV., refer- 
ence is made to three fields called Stone- 
land. David Stone, son of Symond Stone, 
lived also at Much Bromley, County Es- 
sex, England, early in the sixteenth cen- 
tury. Symond (2) Stone, son of David 
Stone, also lived at Much Bromley. His 
wife's name was Agnes. David (2) Stone, 
son of Symond (2) or Simon Stone, was 
born, lived and died at Much Bromley. 
He had wife Ursula. It has been posi- 
tively proved that he, and not Rev. Timo- 
thy Stone, as formerly supposed, was the 
father of the two American immigrants, 
Gregory and Simon, next mentioned. 

Simon Stone, son of David (2) Stone, 
was the immigrant ancestor of this branch 
of the family in America. He was born 



159 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



in Much Bromley, County Essex, Eng- 
land, where he was baptized February 9, 
1585-86. Before 1624 he and his wife 
moved to Boxted, a few miles from Much 
Bromley, and from Boxted he and his 
family are believed to have come to this 
country. On April 15, 1636, the father, 
aged fifty ; mother, aged thirty-eight ; and 
five children, embarked from London on 
the ship "Increase," Robert Lee, master, 
for New England, after receiving permis- 
sion from the government to leave Eng- 
land for America. They settled first in 
Watertown, Massachusetts, having forty 
acres of land along the banks of the 
Charles river, south of the present Mount 
Auburn Cemetery; it is believed that a 
part of his farm is now covered by the 
cemetery. Simon Stone was admitted a 
freeman. May 25, 1636, with his brother, 
Gregory, who emigrated at the same 
time. He was selectman from 1637 to 
1656, and was a deacon of the church for 
many years. One of the pear trees 
planted by him is said to have borne fruit 
for two hundred and fifty years, and was 
still vigorous in 1899. Mr. Stone became 
a prominent real estate owner, and ac- 
cording to tradition built a large old- 
fashioned house, colonial in style, which 
served as a home for his descendants for 
six generations, but was finally destroyed 
by fire. He married (first) August 5, 
1616, Joan or Joana Clark, daughter of 
William Clark, and their two eldest chil- 
dren were baptized in Bromley, England, 
the others being born in Boxted. He 
married (second) about 1654, Sarah 
Lumpkin, widow of Richard Lumpkin, of 
Ipswich, Massachusetts. She also came 
from Boxted, County Essex, England, 
and left a will dated March 25, 1663. 
Simon Stone died in Watertown, Septem- 
ber 22, 1665. Children by first wife: 
Frances, baptized January 20, 1619; 
Mary, October i, 1621, died young; Ann, 
born 1624; Simon, mentioned below; 



Mary, 1632; John, August 6, 1635; Eliza- 
beth, April 5, 1639, died young. Simon 
(2) Stone, son of Simon (i) Stone, was 
born in 1631, in Boxted, England, died 
February 27, 1708. He and his brother 
John divided the real estate left by their 
father, Simon, keeping the homestead for 
his home. He was deacon of the church, 
and held various public offices. For sev- 
eral years he served as selectman, and 
was town clerk for ten years. From 1678 
to 1684, inclusive, he was representative 
to the General Court, and in 1686-89-90 
one of the original proprietors of Groton, 
Massachusetts. In 1662 he owned an 
eighteen acre right in Groton, increasing 
his holding there in 1670 to more than 
eighty-seven acres, although he may not 
have lived there. He married Mary 
Whipple, daughter of Elder John W'hip- 
ple, an early settler of Ipswich, Massa- 
chusetts. She was born in 1634, died 
June 2, 1720. Children: Simon, men- 
tioned below ; John, mentioned below ; 
Matthew, born February 16, 1660; Na- 
thaniel, February 22, 1662, died same 
year; Ebenezer, February 27, 1663; Mary, 
1665; Nathaniel, 1667; Elizabeth, Octo- 
ber 9, 1670; David, October 19, 1672; 
Susanna, November 4, 1675; Jonathan, 
December 26, 1677. Simon (3) Stone, 
son of Simon (2) Stone, born September 
8, 1656, settled in Groton, Massachusetts, 
as early as 1694. His son, Simon (4), 
born about 1690, married Sarah Farns- 
worth. He lived in Groton and Harvard, 
Massachusetts. The records of Groton 
are very imperfect, and do not note all 
the births there. John Stone, son of 
Simon (2) Stone, was born July 23, 1658, 
in Watertown, and settled in Groton. He 
had a son, James Stone, born there Janu- 
ary 23, 1701, whose son, James Stone, 
born in 1724, in Groton, married Deborah 
Nutting, and was probably the father of 
Philip Stone, born 1751. Philip Stone, 
of Groton, was the first permanent settler 



160 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



in the town of Bridport, Addison county, 
Vermont, in 1772. There he married, 
November 25, 1773, a Miss Ward, of 
Addison, Vermont. They were the par- 
ents of Isaac Stone, who lived in Brid- 
port until 1825, and soon after removed 
to Mexico, Oswego county, New York. 
He married, in Vermont, January 20, 
1815, Lydia Hurlbut, born February i, 
1796, in Sudbury, Vermont, daughter of 
Samuel and Jerusha (Higgins) Hurlbut, 
natives respectively of Chatham and Had- 
dam, Connecticut, descended from Thom- 
as Hurlbut, who was a soldier under Lion 
Gardiner in the settlement at Saybrook, 
Connecticut. Isaac Stone was a farmer 
and a shoemaker, and died in Mexico, 
New York, November 4, 1848. He had 
twelve children, of whom the eldest son 
and second child was Samuel Hurlbut 
Stone, born March 6, 1818, in Bridport, 
Vermont. He was a merchant in Mexico, 
in association with his brother, Benjamin 
Sage Stone, and was a prominent citizen 
of that town, filling various offices. He 
was executor of the will of Peter Chand- 
ler, of that town, and died there January 
20, 1887. He married, June 12, 1844, 
Rhoda A. Butterfield, daughter of Luke 
and Sophronia (Kellogg) Butterfield, of 
Mexico. Their second son and child is 
the subject of this sketch. 

Charles Luke Stone was born April 2, 
1848, in Mexico, where he grew up and 
received his primary education. He 
graduated with the degree of A. B. at 
Hamilton College in 1871, and subse- 
quently received from this institution the 
degrees of A. M. and LL. B. He engaged 
in practice of law at Syracuse, New York, 
where he has continued to the present 
time, and has attained a commanding 
position at the bar. Since 1878 he has 
been attorney for the Onondaga County 
Savings Bank, was city counsel from 1887 
to 1889, and counsel to the Syracuse 
Water Board and Department from 1889 
NY-VolIV_n 161 



to 1906. Since 1898 he has been a referee 
in bankruptcy, and is a trustee, attorney 
and director of the Onondaga County 
Savings Bank, and New Process Raw 
Hide Company. He is and has been at 
the head of the law firms of Stone, Gan- 
non & Petit; Stone & Petit, and now of 
Stone & Stone. He is a member of the 
Onondaga County Bar Association, New 
York State Bar Association, Sons of the 
American Revolution, and the college fra- 
ternity Phi Beta Kappa. He is or has 
been also associated with several clubs, 
including the Century, Citizens' and Uni- 
versity clubs of Syracuse. In religion a 
Presbyterian, in politics a Republican, he 
exerts a large influence in political coun- 
cils. 

He married at College Hill, Clinton, 
New York, 1872, Zilla Buttrick Sackett, 
daughter of William A. and Charlotte 
(Buttrick) Sackett. Children: Char- 
lotte S., MacDougall, Harold and Rhoda 
Zilla Palmer. 



CLARKE, Charles J., 

Clerk of Snpreme Conrt. 

Mr. Clarke is a descendant of Scotch 
and Irish ancestry, and was born Febru- 
ary 24, 1864, in the city of New York. 
His father, Thomas W. Clarke, was a 
noted secret service man in the employ of 
the United States government during the 
Civil War, and was also connected with 
the navy. He lost his life at the battle 
of Fort Fisher, January 15, 1865. His 
mother was a member of the Scott family 
of Dublin, Ireland, daughter of Thomas 
Scott, who was queen's counsel for the 
city of Dublin for about forty-five years, 
having previously earned credit by gal- 
lantry in the Spanish War. He was a 
relative of William Smith O'Brien, the 
Irish patriot. 

Charles J. Clarke received his educa- 
tion in the common schools, and started 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



out in life at the age of fifteen years as 
a night messenger boy, at a salary of 
eight dollars a month, working from 8 
P. M. until 7 A. M. After two years of 
this service he became an apprentice to 
the moulding trade, becoming a skilled 
iron moulder, and continued in that occu- 
pation until he attained his majority. At 
this time he started out on the road, sell- 
ing iron goods, and thus continued until 
1900, when he was appointed to a minor 
clerkship in the Onondaga county clerk's 
office. From this humble beginning he 
won steady promotion, and in time be- 
came deputy county clerk, in charge of 
the Court of Records. In 1908 he was 
advanced to the position of clerk of the 
Supreme Court, having received the 
unanimous endorsement of the judiciary 
of the fifth district of the Supreme Court. 
When the present Court of Claims was 
organized by the Republican administra- 
tion, the chief clerkship was offered to 
him without any solicitation on his be- 
half, but was declined. It was his duty 
to make all the arrangements for the 
famous Barnes vs. Roosevelt trial, held in 
Onondaga county in April and May, 1915. 
Mr. Clarke is a collector of bric-a-brac 
and old mahogany furniture, and has a 
large and rare collection of pictures, num- 
bering nearly two hundred and fifty of 
all kinds. His spare time is devoted to a 
sixty-five acre farm, located in Oswego 
county. New York, on which he has 
erected all necessary farm buildings by 
his own hands, thus demonstrating a na- 
tural mechanical skill, as he never re- 
ceived any training as a carpenter. It 
has always been the custom of Onondaga 
county to give the county clerks two 
terms, and after the expiration of the 
present term of his superior, by common 
consent the succession will fall to Mr. 
Clarke. He is a member of all the Ameri- 
can Rite Masonic bodies and also a thirty- 
second degree Scottish Rite Mason ; mem- 



ber of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, Maccabees, Knights of P^'thias, 
Citizens' Club, and secretary of the Onon- 
daga County Men's League for Woman's 
Suffrage. 

He married, June 12, 1889, M. Belle 
Herrick, a resident of Syracuse, and one 
of the descendants of the Von Steinbergh 
family of Albany and Syracuse, noted 
in the Revolutionary annals of the State. 
They are the parents of two sons, Charles 
J., Jr., and Scott H. Clarke. 



CLAPP, Edward Everett, 

Financier, Real Estate Operator. 

The surname Clapp or Clap had its 
origin in the proper or personal name of 
Osgod Clapa, a Danish noble of the court 
of King Canute (1007-1036). The site of 
his country place was known as Clapham, 
County Surrey. The ancient seat of the 
family in England is at Salcombe, in 
Devonshire, where important estates 
were owned for many centuries by this 
family. Coat-of-arms of this branch: 
First and fourth, three battle axes ; sec- 
ond, sable a griffin passant argent ; third, 
sable an eagle with two heads displayed 
with a border engrailed argent. A coat- 
of-arms in common use by the Clapp 
family in England and America is : Vaire 
gules and argent a quarter azure charged 
with the sun or. Crest : A pike naiant 
proper. Motto : Fais ce que dois advienne 
que pourra. 

The American family is descended 
from six immigrants, Edward and Cap- 
tain Roger, sons of William Clapp, and 
John, Nicholas, Thomas and Ambrose, 
sons of Nicholas Clapp, of Venn Ottery, 
Devonshire, England. The fathers, Wil- 
liam and Nicholas, were brothers. All 
came to Dorchester, Massachusetts, May 
30, 1630, and formed one of the most 
prominent and influential families of that 
town. William Clapp, of the ancient 




(^/.^^tJ^^^^^lj^^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Devonshire family, lived at Salcombe 
Regis, Devonshire. Captain Roger Clapp, 
son of William Clapp, was born in Sal- 
combe Regis, Devonshire, England, April 
6, 1609, and died in Boston, February 2, 
1691, whither he had removed in 1686. 
He sailed from Plymouth on the ship 
"Mary and John" for New England, 
March 20, 1630, arriving at Nantasket, 
May 30, of the same year. He was a 
proprietor, and was admitted a freeman. 
May 4, 1634. At the first regular organi- 
zation of the militia in 1644, he was made 
lieutenant of the Dorchester company 
and later was made captain. In August, 
1665, he was appointed by the General 
Court commander of Fort Independence in 
Boston harbor, which position he held for 
twenty years, or until he was seventy- 
seven, when he retired to his residence 
in Boston, and died there in his eighty- 
second year. He was also a member of 
the Ancient and Honorable Artillery 
Company. He was one of the founders 
of the Dorchester church and a member 
for sixty years. He married, November 
6. 1633, Johanna, daughter of Thomas 
Ford, of Dorchester, England. Their son, 
Preserved Clapp, born November 23, 1643, 
died September 20, 1720, lived in Dor- 
chester until he was about twenty years 
old, when he removed to Northampton 
and became one of the leading citizens 
there. He was captain of the militia, 
ruling elder of the church, and deputy 
to the General Court. He married Sarah, 
daughter of Major Benjamin Newberry, 
of Windsor, Connecticut, and their son. 
Captain Roger (2) Clapp, was born May 
24, 1684, and died January 9, 1762. He 
lived in Northampton, was a captain in 
the militia, and representative to the 
General Court. He married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Samuel Bartlett, born Octo- 
ber 27, 1687, died August g, 1767. Their 
fifth son. Supply Clapp, was born 1721, 
in Northampton, died October 11, 1784. 



He was a soldier in the French and In- 
dian War, 1755, a sergeant in the regi- 
ment of Colonel Seth Pomeroy, and was 
taken prisoner at Lake George, in the 
capture of which fort that regiment took 
an important part. His name was on the 
sick list returned by Thomas Williams, 
surgeon, November 23, 1755. He was 
also in the expedition to Crown Point, 
Captain Elisha Hawley's company. He 
married (second) December 30, 1756, 
Sarah Lyman. Their eldest child. Supply 
(2) Clapp, was born February 22, 1767, 
and died June 20, 1800. His first wife 
was Lucretia, daughter of Deacon Mar- 
tin Clark, of Westhampton. Justice 
Clapp, eldest child of Supply (2) and 
Lucretia (Clark) Clapp, was born August 
26, 1795, and died October 15, 1849, in 
Becket, Massachusetts. He married, June 
3, 1823, Lucretia Clark, daughter of Julius 
Clark, fifth descendant from Lieutenant 
William Clark. She was born January 
26, 1802, and died May 14, 1840. 

Edward Everett Clapp, son of Justice 
and Lucretia (Clark) Clapp, was born 
January 5, 1838, in Holyoke, Massachu- 
setts. His mother died when he was two 
years old, and his father when he was 
eleven. At the age of fifteen he came to 
Newburg, New York, and attended the 
Newburg Academy under Professor Reed, 
living with his brother, George M. In 
April, 1861, he sailed for China with the 
purpose of seeing more of the world and 
securing a suitable business opening. He 
found his opportunity in the cotton trade 
in China, where, owing to the Civil War 
in America, cotton was in demand for 
export to supply the cotton mills of Eng- 
land and other countries. In 1875, after 
spending most of the intervening years 
abroad, he established an insurance 
agency in Albany, New York, represent- 
ing twelve fire insurance companies, one 
life, and the Fidelity & Casualty Com- 
pany of New York, and enjoyed from the 
163 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



outset an excellent patronage. In 1881 
the president of the Fidelity & Casualty 
Company persuaded him to sell his Al- 
bany business and devote his entire atten- 
tion to the New York business of that 
company. His firm, E. E. Clapp & Com- 
pany, consists of Mr. E. E. Clapp and Mr. 
Edward Griffith, under the firm name of 
E. E. Clapp & Company. They are man- 
agers of the disability department of the 
Fidelity & Casualty Company for New 
York, New Jersey, Massachusetts and 
Rhode Island, and for many years have 
been first in the amount of business 
written among the general agents of the 
entire world. In 191 1 this firm paid the 
Fidelity & Casualty Company over $1,- 
450,000, In the special field of disability 
and accident insurance, Mr. Clapp is rec- 
ognized as one of the foremost author- 
ities in this country. He has taken a 
leading part in the development of this 
form of insurance from its inception. In 
politics Mr. Clapp is a Republican of 
some prominence. In religion he is an 
Episcopalian. He is a thirty-second de- 
gree Mason, a member of the New York 
Chamber of Commerce, the Union League 
Club, the Down Town Association, the 
Republican Club, the Peace Society, and 
the Economic Club of New York, also 
the Essex County Country Club, the New 
England Society of Orange, and the So- 
ciety of Colonial Wars of New Jersey. 
His home is in East Orange, New Jersey. 
Mr. Clapp married, while in the United 
States, in April, 1864, Eliza Brooks Town- 
send, born June 29, 1838, daughter of 
William Townsend, a descendant of 
Henry Townsend, who in 1661 settled 
in Oyster Bay, New York; his brother, 
John Townsend, received in 1645 ^rom 
Grovernor Keift a patent for the town of 
Flushing, and Henry remained there with 
him until 1661. After his marriage Mr. 
Clapp returned to China, taking his wife 
with him. Child : Annie Brooks, born 



April 28, 1866, married Robert Henry 
Hillis, and has one child, Edward Clapp 
Hillis, born November 24, 1908. 



HOLMES, Daniel, 

Pioneer Ua^ryer. 

Daniel Holmes, now living retired, was 
the pioneer lawyer of Brockport and for 
many years a prominent attorney of the 
Monroe county bar. He is a native of 
West Bloomfield, Ontario county. New 
York, born September 11, 1828, and is a 
son of Daniel and Susan (Hale-Stuart) 
Holmes, natives of Massachusetts, who, 
removing westward about 181 2, settled 
in Ontario county, New York, where they 
cast in their lot with those who were re- 
claiming a frontier district for agricul- 
tural uses. The father served his country 
as a soldier in the War of 1812 and 
participated in the battle of Buffalo. The 
maternal ancestry of Mr. Holmes was 
represented in the Revolutionary War, 
the grandfather, Thomas Hale, being a 
drummer boy at the battle of Bunker 
Hill. 

Daniel Holmes was reared at Aliens- 
hill, New York, his father being proprie- 
tor of a hotel at that place for a number 
of years. After mastering the elementary 
branches of learning he prepared for col- 
lege at the Brockport Collegiate Institute 
and received his university training at 
Yale, which he entered in 1846. He is 
numbered among the alumni of 1848, hav- 
ing been graduated with the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts. Subsequently in 1853, 
he received from the University of 
Rochester the degree of Master of Arts, 
and in the fall of the same year was ad- 
mitted to the bar, for which he had pre- 
viously prepared. He immediately be- 
gan the practice of his profession in 
Brockport, where he has resided continu- 
ously since, having been in practice here 
for more than a half century. He was. 
64 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the pioneer lawyer of the town and his 
ability enabled him always to maintain 
a place in the foremost ranks of its legal 
fraternity. In recent years, however, he 
has retired from active practice to enjoy 
well earned ease. 

In early manhood Daniel Holmes was 
united in marriage to Mary J. Hawes, of 
Brookfield, Massachusetts, of whom ex- 
tended mention is made in following 
pages. Theirs was an ideal relation, their 
mutual love and confidence increasing 
year by year as they met together the 
joys and sorrows, the adversity and pros- 
perity, the disappointments and the pleas- 
ures which checker the careers of all. 
Closer grew their friendship as time went 
by, the desire of each being always for 
the best interests and happiness of the 
other, but on October 6, 1907, they were 
separated through the death of Mrs. 
Holmes. 

Mr. Holmes still continues to reside in 
Brockport, where for many years he has 
figured prominently in community affairs. 
For thirty years he served as justice of 
the peace of Brockport, his decisions be- 
ing strictly fair and impartial, so that he 
"won golden opinions from all sorts of 
people." He was also clerk of the village 
for twenty years and in community affairs 
was actively and helpfully mterested, be- 
ing secretary and treasurer of the State 
Normal School at Brockport, for many 
years. 

Mr. Holmes is a member of the Ma- 
sonic fraternity, belonging to Monroe 
Lodge, No. 173, Ancient Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, of which he is a past mas- 
ter. He also belongs to Daniel Holmes 
Chapter, No. 294, Royal Arch Masons, 
and to Monroe Commandery, No. 12, 
Knights Templar, of Rochester. He is 
senior warden of St. Luke's Church at 
Brockport. He is also a member of the 
Empire State Chapter of the Sons of the 
American Revolution and a member of 



the New York State Bar Association. He 
is one of the oldest attorneys of Monroe 
county and while his professional career 
gained him rank with the leading lawyers 
of Brockport he has also been well known 
because of his activity in connection with 
the interests bearing upon the general 
welfare of society and the upbuilding and 
improvement of the community. 



HOLMES, Mrs. Mary J., 

Favorite Author. 

With one exception the works of no 
American novelist have been so widely 
read as those of Mrs. Mary J. Holmes, 
and Brockport was proud to number her 
among its citizens, but while her name 
was a household word throughout the 
length and breadth of this land, in her 
home town she was loved for personal 
traits of character that endeared her to 
all with whom she came in contact. She 
was the wife of Daniel Holmes, whose 
sketch precedes this. In her maidenhood 
she was Mary J. Hawes, of Brookfield, 
Massachusetts, a daughter of Preston 
Hawes, a man of rare mentality, while 
from her mother she inherited a love of 
poetry and of fine arts. When but three 
years of age she began to attend school, 
studied grammar at the age of six, and 
began teaching school when but thirteen 
years old. Her first article was published 
when she was only fifteen years old. 
Very early in life she manifested rare 
ability for story telling, entertaining her 
young companions with tales of her own 
invention. Her precocity has been borne 
out by the work of her later years, for 
there is perhaps no American author 
whose works are more widely read than 
those of Mrs. Mary J. Holmes. 

Over two million copies of her books 
have been published and the demand for 
all of them continues. The annual sale 
amounts to thousands of copies and no 



>65 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



better proof of their merit and popu- 
larity could be given. A list of her pub- 
lished works includes the following: 
"Tempest and Sunshine," "English Or- 
phans," "Homestead on Hillside," "Lena 
Rivers," "Meadow Brook," "Dora Deane," 
"Cousin Maude," "Marian Grey," "Dark- 
ness and Daylight," "Hugh Worthing- 
ton," "Cameron Pride," "Rose Mather," 
"Ethelyn's Mistake," "Millbank," "Edna 
Browning," "West Lawn," "Edith Lyle," 
"Mildred," "Daisy Thornton," "Forrest 
House," "Chateau d'Or," "Madeline," 
"Queenie Hetherton," "Christmas Sto- 
ries," "Bessie's Fortune," "Gretchen." 
"Marguerite," "Dr. Hathern's Daugh- 
ters," "Mrs. Hallam's Companion," "Paul 
Ralston," "The Tracy Diamonds," "The 
Cromptons," "The Merivale Banks," 
"Rena's Experiment," and "The Aban- 
doned Farm." As an author she had a 
most happy career, with none of the trials 
which fall to the lot of so many writers, 
and her publishers have always been her 
friends. G. W. Carlton and later Dilling- 
ham had charge of the sale of her books. 
Her first novel, "Tempest and Sunshine," 
was published in 1854 and since that time 
her writings have been constantly on the 
market. With the possible exception of 
Mrs. Stowe, no American woman has 
reaped so large profits from her copy- 
rights, some of her books having attained 
a sale of fifty thousand copies. 

In commenting on this, the Brockport 
"Republic" said: 

Her success as an author is said by some to be 
the result of her power of description; others 
assert it was her naturalness, her clear concise 
English and the faculty to hold the reader's sym- 
pathy from the beginning to the end; others at- 
tribute it to the fact that there was nothing in 
her works but what was pure and elevating. We 
who know her best, feel that all this has made 
her the successful writer that she was. 

Mrs. Holmes was deeply interested in 
benevolent works in Brockport and in 



those organizations which promote cul- 
ture, charity and patriotism. She was 
president of the Brockport Union Char- 
itable Society and vice-regent of the 
Daughters of the American Revolution. 
She was indefatigable in the founding and 
sustaining of a free reading room and did 
everything in her power to promote 
knowledge and culture among the young 
people, of whom she was particularly 
fond. She often talked to them concern- 
ing art and foreign travel, on which sub- 
jects she was well versed, she and her 
husband having made various trips 
abroad, visiting the noted art centers of 
the Old World. As a hostess she was 
chariTiingly gracious and hospitable, hav- 
ing the ready tact that enabled her to 
make all guests feel at home. Her be- 
nevolence was also one of her strongly 
marked characteristics. In early life she 
made it her plan to give one-tenth of her 
income to charity and this she did ever 
afterward. St. Luke's Episcopal Church, 
of which she was a member, is greatly in- 
debted to her for its prosperous condition. 
Her charitable work, however, was done 
quietly and few people knew the great 
amount of good she did. She cared not 
for public recognition of her benevolence, 
content in the consciousness of having 
aided a fellow traveler on life's journey. 
While she had thousands of admirers 
throughout the country, in her home 
town where she was best known she was 
much loved by the people among whom 
her daily life was passed. 

The summer of 1907 was spent by Mr. 
and Mrs. Holmes at Oak Bluflfs, Martha's 
Vineyard, and while on the return trip 
Mrs. Holmes became ill. After improv- 
ing to a slight degree she insisted on con- 
tinuing the journey but lived for only a 
brief period after she reached Brockport, 
passing away on October 6, 1907. Per- 
haps no better testimonial of the regard 
in which she was held in Brockport can 



166 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



be given than by quoting 
paper, which said : 

During the many years of Mrs. Holmes' resi- 
dence in Brockport her influence for good has 
been constant and unvarying, and every enter- 
prise that made for the welfare of the village 
received her most hearty sanction and support. 
With charity toward all, with malice toward 
none, she moved among us the very embodiment 
of gracious kindness. And so, in thousands of 
ways her death will prove an inestimable loss to 
this community, and to-day nearly every house- 
hold is shadowed by a personal grief. She went 
to her death wearing the white rose of a blame- 
less life. The world is the poorer for her going. 



MATHEWS, John Alexander, 

Scientist, Man of Affairs. 

John Alexander Mathews, Sc. D., Ph. 
D., is not a native son of New York but 
was born in the old college town of 
Washington, Pennsylvania, May 20, 1872. 
His father, William Johnston Mathews, 
was a prosperous merchant who died in 
1874, leaving a widow, Frances Sage 
Pelletreau Mathews, and four young chil- 
dren. Shortly afterward the family re- 
moved to Wisconsin and for seven years 
lived upon a farm. When the older chil- 
dren were ready for college preparation, 
they returned to Washington and John 
A. attended public and high school, then 
preparatory school and later entered 
Washington and Jefferson College, gradu- 
ating with honors in 1893, with the de- 
gree of B. Sc. He later received the de- 
gree of M. Sc, and in 1902 received the 
first award of the degree of Doctor of 
Science, causa honoris, ever conferred by 
his alma mater. During college days he 
worked for various newspapers and upon 
graduation thought seriously of continu- 
ing newspaper work. Armed with letters 
of introduction he assailed every news- 
paper office in Pittsburgh, but receiving 
no encouragement and no job. A week 
later he enrolled at Columbia University 



from a local as a student of chemistry. So successful 
was he in this that he earned his M. A. 
(1895) and Ph. D. (1898) in course and 
was awarded first the University Fellow- 
ship in Chemistry (1897), and later re- 
ceived a three-year appointment to the 
"Barnard Fellowship for the Encourage- 
ment of Scientific Research." It was un- 
derstood that one year of this occupancy 
should be spent studying abroad and Dr. 
Matthews chose to work with Professor 
Sir William Roberts-Austen, K. C. B., F. 
R. S., at the Royal School of Mines, Lon- 
don. Professor Roberts- Austen was chair- 
man of the alloys research committee of 
the Institution of Mechanical Engineers 
and it was along the line of alloys research 
that Dr. Matthews studied. While in Lon- 
don in 1900-1901 Andrew Carnegie en- 
dowed certain research scholarships in the 
gift of the Iron and Steel Institute of Great 
Britain. These were open to interna- 
tional competition and the first three ap- 
pointees included an Englishman, an Aus- 
trian and an American — Dr. Mathews. 
This award was made with the under- 
standing that he should return to Colum- 
bia University and take up special studies 
in iron and steel under Professor Henry 
M. Howe. A scholarship "going and com- 
ing" was so much of a novelty that Hon. 
Seth Low, then president of Columbia 
University, referred to this unique record 
at some length in his commencement ad- 
dress in 1901 and one year later took 
pleasure in announcing that the first "An- 
drew Carnegie Gold Medal for Research" 
had been awarded Dr. Mathews as a re- 
sult of his work while holder of the Car- 
negie Scholarship. 

The work connected with this scholar- 
ship directed Dr. Mathews' attention to 
steel and in the course of his work he 
secured permission to carry on some ex- 
periments on a commercial scale at the 
Sanderson Brothers Works, Syracuse, 
New York. The acquaintances thus 



167 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



formed led to the offer of a position with 
that company upon the completion of his 
investigations, so in September, 1902, he 
came to Syracuse as metallurgist in 
charge of research work for the Crucible 
Steel Company of America of which the 
Sanderson Works forms a part. Even 
then he had not fully decided to give up 
his wish for teaching. Several years at 
Columbia had been spent as instructor in 
chemistry and when he accepted a posi- 
tion in an industrial plant it was with the 
idea of securing some practical experi- 
ence to better fit him for a professorship in 
applied science. The fates, however, de- 
cided otherwise and in less than two 
years he had become assistant manager 
of the Sanderson Works, and in 1908 he 
went to the Halcomb Steel Company of 
Syracuse as operating manager and gen- 
eral superintendent. He later became a 
director in the corporation and general 
manager. In 1915 he succeeded Mr. H. 
S. Wilkinson as president of the com- 
pany and of the Syracuse Crucible Steel 
Company, an affiliated interest. 

Dr. Mathews is a member of many 
technical societies, domestic and foreign, 
and has been a frequent contributor to 
their journals. He was a special con- 
tributor on steel to the "Encyclopedia 
Americana," second edition, and frequent- 
ly lectures before learned societies. While 
a recognized authority upon the science 
of iron and steel he is also a successful 
executive and manager. The companies 
with which he has been associated enjoy 
enviable reputations for the highest 
grades of tool and alloy steels. 

Aside from his business Tie has given 
freely of his time and talents to civic 
affairs, philanthropy and charities. He 
has never held or sought political office 
but has had the rare distinction of ap- 
pointment by Presidents McKinley, 
Roosevelt and Taft to the Assay Com- 
mission. At present he is president of the 



Manufacturers' Association of Syracuse ; 
first vice-president of the Chamber of 
Commerce, a director of the First Na- 
tional Bank and the Provident Loan As- 
sociation. He was formerly a trustee of 
the Hospital of the Good Shepherd and 
has served on several commissions to in- 
vestigate municipal problems, frequently 
as chairman. His reports upon smoke 
abatement, city pavings, municipal own- 
ership of gas and electric plants, etc., 
have attracted much more than local at- 
tention. In politics he has been a staunch 
Republican and Protectionist ; in religion 
a Presbyterian. He is a member of the 
Engineers' and Chemists' clubs of New 
York ; the University, Onondaga Golf 
and County Club and the Bellevue Coun- 
try Club of Syracuse. His chief diversion 
has been the collection of old books of 
metallurgical value and his library con- 
tains many of the rarest books in exis- 
tence on this subject, as for example : 
copies of Biringuccio (1540), Agricola 
(1563) and Gilbert (1600), beside many 
others. 

Dr. Mathews is of mixed ancestry. His 
father was Scotch-Irish, the great-grand- 
parents coming to America shortly after 
the Revolution. His mother was of 
French Huguenot lineage, the first mem- 
bers of the family coming to America in 
1685, and for many generations lived at 
Southampton, Long Island. In 1903 Dr. 
Mathews married Florence Hosmer King, 
of Columbus, Ohio, and they have two 
children, Margaret King, born 1903, and 
John Alexander, Jr.. born 1908. 



PERKINS. Robert Patterson, 

Mannfactnrer. 

Mr. Perkins was born in December, 
1861, in New York City, and is a descend- 
ant of one of the oldest New England 
families. Peter, being one of the twelve 
Apostles, his name was a favorite one for 



168 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



centuries among Christians. It assumed 
the form of Pierre in France, whence it 
found its way into England and there 
took the diminutive form of Perkin. This 
gradually and naturally became Perkins 
and, in time, was bestowed upon or as- 
sumed by one as a surname. Many of 
the name were among the early settlers 
of New England, and their descendants 
have borne honorable part in the develop- 
ment of modern civilization in the West- 
ern Hemisphere. John Perkins, born 1590, 
in Newent, Gloucestershire, England, set 
sail from Bristol in the "Lyon," William 
Pierce, master, on December i, 1630, with 
his wife, Judith (Gater) Perkins, five 
children, and about a dozen other com- 
panions. They reached Nantasket, Feb- 
ruary 5, 1631, and settled in Boston. He 
was the first of that name to come to 
New England, and was one of the twelve 
who accompanied John Winthrop, Jr., to 
settle in Ipswich, where he was made 
freeman. May 18, 1631. On April 3, 1632, 
^'It was ordered" by the General Court, 
"that noe pson wtsoever shall shoot att 
fowle upon Pullen Poynte or Noddles 
Ileland ; but that the sd places shalbe 
reserved for John Perkins to take fowle 
wth netts." Also, November 7, 1632, 
John and three others were "appointed 
by the Court to sett downe the bounds 
betwixte Dorchester and Rocksbury." 
He at once took a prominent stand among 
the colonists, and in 1636 and for many 
years afterward represented Ipswich in 
the General High Court. In 1645 he was 
appraiser, and signed the inventory of the 
estate of Sarah Dillingham. In 1648 and 
1652 he served on the grand jury, and in 
March, 1650, "being above the age of 
sixty he was freed from ordinary train- 
ing by the Court." He made his will 
(probate office, Salem, Massachusetts), 
March 28, 1654, and died a few months 
later, aged sixty-four. Thomas Perkins, 
second son of John and Judith (Gater) 



Perkins, born about 1616, in England, 
came to America at the age of fifteen 
years with his parents. He settled in 
Ipswich, Massachusetts, where he owned 
Sagamore Hill, an elevated tract one 
hundred and seventy feet high. After 
a few years he removed to Topsfield, 
Massachusetts, where he was deacon, 
selectman, and often on committees rep- 
resenting the town and the church. A 
farmer by occupation, he bought and sold 
much land, and died May 7, 1686. He 
married in Topsfield, about 1640, Phebe, 
daughter of Zachary and Phebe Gould, 
born in England, baptized September 20, 
1620, at Hemel Hempstead. On her mar- 
riage she received from her father a gift 
of one hundred and fifty acres of land. 
Her husband subsequently purchased the 
tract of two hundred and twenty-seven 
acres upon which he lived in the town of 
Topsfield. Timothy Perkins, son of 
Thomas and Phebe (Gould) Perkins, was 
born June 6, 1661, in Topsfield, and re- 
ceived by inheritance a portion of his 
father's farm, upon which he lived, and 
died December 18, 1751. His first wife, 
Hannah, died November 14, 1690. She 
was the mother of Jonathan Perkins, bap- 
tized January 22, 1693, in Topsfield, died 
June 2, 1749. He married at Salem, De- 
cember II, 1722, Elizabeth Potter, born 
April 23, 1695, in Ipswich, daughter of 
John and Sarah (Kimball) Potter. They 
were the parents of David Perkins, born 
December 6, 1725, in Topsfield, died April 
30, 1803. He married, March id, 1752, 
at Wenham, Massachusetts, Mary Fisk, 
of that town, born March 9, 1729, daugh- 
ter of Ebenezer and Elizabeth (Fuller) 
Fisk, died October 19, 1777. Their son, 
David (2) Perkins, born May 11, 1756, in 
Topsfield, was baptized on the i6th of 
the same month, and died July 27, 1827. 
He married (intentions published in both 
Topsfield and Beverly, November 2, 
1783), Nabby Conant, of Beverly, born 



169 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



February 25, 1756, died November 25, 
1842, daughter of Lott and Abigail (Per- 
kins) Conant. Benjamin Conant Perkins, 
son of the above couple, was born Sep- 
tember II, 1803, in Topsfield, and there 
married, March 10, 1835, Lucy Peabody, 
born August 24, 1812, in Topsfield, 
daughter of Ebenezer and Mercy (Per- 
kins) Peabody. They were the parents 
of Charles Lawrence Perkins, who mar- 
ried Elizabeth West Nevins. 

Robert Patterson Perkins, son of 
Charles Lawrence and Elizabeth W. 
(Nevins) Perkins, was born in New York 
City, and was educated in a private school 
conducted by a Dr. Calerson, and at St. 
Paul's Episcopal School, Concord, New 
Hampshire, where he spent six years in 
preparation for college. In 1879 he en- 
tered Harvard University, from which he 
was graduated A. B. in 1884. Having 
determined to engage in business, he en- 
tered the general offices of the Delaware, 
Lackawanna & Western Railroad Com- 
pany of New York, where he continued 
one year, after which he was with H. C. 
Thacker & Company, wool dealers, of 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, until 1892, 
when he became secretary of the Higgins 
Carpet Company, continuing in that posi- 
tion some four years, after which he was 
vice-president of the company. In asso- 
ciation with others he purchased this 
business, of which he became president, 
and continued two years until 1894, when 
it became the Hartford Carpet Company, 
a corporation of which he was president. 
In 1914 this company purchased the Bige- 
low-Lowell Carpet Company, and now 
maintains factories at Thompsonville, 
Connecticut, and Clinton and Lowell, 
Massachusetts, and is one of the largest 
establishments of the kind in the United 
States. Mr. Perkins resides in New York 
City, and is a communicant of the Prot- 
estant Episcopal church. He is a mem- 
ber of the Brook Club, of which he was 



four years president, is a trustee of St. 
Paul's School of Concord, New Hamp- 
shire, and a friend of education and prog- 
ress. Politically he acts with the Re- 
publican party. 



17^ 

LEE, John Mallory, 

Surgeon, Hospital Official. 

Dr. John Mallory Lee, a native of this 
State, was born in Cameron, Steuben 
county, September 29, 1852, and he is 
among the most prominent surgeons en- 
gaged in practice in New York State. He 
is descended from good old Revolution- 
ary stock. His paternal great-grandfather 
aided the colonies in their struggle for 
independence, and members of his family 
served in the late War of the Rebellion. 
Dr. Lee's grandfather was one of the 
early settlers of Steuben county. New 
York, where he carried on farming for 
many years, and there Dr. Lee's father, 
Joseph R. Lee, spent his entire life. He 
engaged in business as a contractor and 
builder throughout the years of his man- 
hood ; he also served as justice of the 
peace, and was a deacon and chorister in 
the Baptist church of South Pulteney. 
In early life he married Sarah Wagener, 
a daughter of Melchoir Wagener and a 
granddaughter of David Wagener, who 
was of German birth and a Quaker. He 
removed from Pennsylvania to Yates 
county. New York, at an early day and 
became the owner of a large tract of land 
on which Penn Yan was afterward laid 
out. He was prominently identified with 
the development and upbuilding of the 
village, to which he gave its name, taken 
from "Penn" and "Yankee." He contrib- 
uted the site for the cemetery and was 
the first white man to be buried there. 
His oldest son, Melchoir, grandfather of 
Dr. Lee, moved to Pulteney in 181 1, 
where he purchased a section of land and 
developed extensive milling interests. 



170 




^ojL^ki. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



During her girlhood days Mrs. Lee at- 
tended the Franklin Academy at Pratts- 
burg, New York, where she was gradu- 
ated. She died in 1898, at the age of 
ninety-three years, and long survived her 
husband, who passed away in 1861. They 
were people of prominence in the com- 
munity where they made their home and 
were highly respected. 

Left fatherless at the early age of nine 
years. Dr. Lee has practically made his 
own way in the world and success is due 
to his untiring efforts. He attended the 
schools of Pulteney, Steuben county; the 
Penn Yan Academy, and was also in- 
structed by a college professor at Palo, 
Michigan, where he was employed as 
clerk in a drug store for three years. 
Under his guidance Dr. Lee was fitted to 
enter college and he graduated from the 
University of Michigan in 1878 with the 
degree of Doctor of Medicine. He opened 
an office in Rochester in June, 1878, and 
engaged in general practice for nine 
years, but finally decided to devote his 
attention to surgery and with this end in 
view he took post-graduate work in the 
Polyclinic of New York City in 1880 and 
the Post-Graduate School of New York 
in 1890, 1891, 1892 and 1894. He is to- 
day numbered among the most eminent 
surgeons of the State and has met with 
remarkable success in his practice. He as- 
sisted in founding the Rochester Homoeo- 
pathic Hospital and its Training School 
for Nurses and was vice-president of the 
medical and surgical stafif of the hospital 
during the first ten years of its existence. 
He has also been surgeon, surgeon-in- 
chief and consulting surgeon at different 
times. In 1897 he established a private 
hospital at 179 Lake avenue and from the 
start success has attended his efforts in 
this direction. 

Dr. Lee stands deservedly high in the 
estimation of his fellow practitioners and 
he has been called upon to serve in many 



positions of honor and trust, such as pres- 
ident of the HomcEopathic Medical Soci- 
eties of Monroe County, of Western New 
York and of the New York State Society. 
He is a member of the Alpha Sigma fra- 
ternity, Ann Arbor Chapter; president of 
the Alumni Association of the Homceo- 
pathic Department of the University of 
Michigan ; president of Rochester District 
Alumni Association, University of Michi- 
gan ; an honorary member of the Homceo- 
pathic Medical Society of the State of 
Michigan ; and a member of the American 
Institute of Flomceopathy. He was also 
chairman of the legislative committee ap- 
pointed by the State Homceopathic Medi- 
cal Society of New York, which commit- 
tee secured the appropriation for the es- 
tablishment of the Gowanda State Hos- 
pital for the Insane, an institution which 
has accommodations for about fourteen 
hundred patients. Dr. Lee has been pres- 
ident of the New York State Board of 
Homceopathic Medical Examiners and 
the joint board composed of the three 
recognized schools of medicine. He is an 
associate alumnus of the New York 
Homoeopathic Medical College and be- 
longs to the Medical-Chirurgical Society 
of Central New York, the Southern Tier 
Medical Society, the Surgical and Gyne- 
cological Association of the American In- 
stitute of Homoeopathy, the National So- 
ciety of Electrotherapeutists, the Roches- 
ter Medical Association ; cohsulting sur- 
geon to the Gowanda State Hospital, the 
Rochester Hahnemann Hospital and cen- 
sor of the Cleveland Homoeopathic Medi- 
cal College. He is a director of several 
business corporations of Rochester ; direc- 
tor of the Rochester Public Health Asso- 
ciation ; director of the Children's Hos- 
pital and the State Industrial School at 
Industry, New York. For several years 
Dr. Lee was associate editor of the "Phy- 
sicians and Surgeons Investigator" and 
was one of the corps of writers of the 
171 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



"Homceopathic Text-Book of Surgery." 
His original research and investigation 
have led to the preparation of many valu- 
able papers and addresses which may be 
found in the transactions of these soci- 
eties and the magazines of his school. 

Dr. Lee married (first) September 28, 
1876, Idella Ives, a daughter of Dr. 
Charles E. Ives, of Savannah, Wayne 
county, tiew York. She died October 11, 
1897, leaving two children : Maud, the 
wife of A. Dix Bissell, Esq., of Pitts- 
burgh, Pennsylvania, and Carrie Eliza- 
beth. On June 20, 1899, Dr. Lee married 
(second) Carrie M. Thomson, a daughter 
of the late John Church Thomson, of Bat- 
tle Creek, Michigan. 

In religious faith Dr. Lee is a Baptist; 
he belongs to the Baptist Social Union, 
the Lake Avenue Baptist Church, and is 
chairman of its board of trustees. In his 
fraternal relations he is connected with 
Corinthian Temple Lodge, No. 805, Free 
and Accepted Masons ; Hamilton Chap- 
ter, No. 62, Royal Arch Masons ; Doric 
Council, No. 19, Royal and Select Mas- 
ters ; and Monroe Commandery. He has 
attained the thirty-second degree in Scot- 
tish Rite Masonry and is second lieuten- 
ant commander of Rochester Consistory, 
and past president of the Rochester Ma- 
sonic Temple Association. He is also a 
mem,ber of Damascus Temple, Ancient 
Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic 
Shrine; Lalla Rookh Grotto, No. 113, M. 
O. V. P. E. R. ; and the Rochester Ma- 
sonic Club. He belongs to the Genesee 
Valley Club, the Oak Hill Country Club, 
the Rochester Medical Club, and the 
Rochester Chamber of Commerce, and by 
his ballot supports the men and measures 
of the Republican party. Although prom- 
inent socially his time and attention are 
almost wholly devoted to his professional 
duties and he has that love for his wor;< 
which has been rewarded by success, so 
that he ranks with the ablest representa 



tives of the medical fraternity in the State 
of New York. 



GARVAN, Francis Patrick, 

Lawyer, Public Official. 

Mr. Garvan is the child of Patrick and 
Mary (Carroll) Garvan, natives of Ire- 
land, who came to this country and set- 
tled at East Hartford, Connecticut. Pat- 
rick Garvan became an active and useful 
citizen, represented his district in the 
State Senate, and was one of the best 
known paper manufacturers of the State. 
He died in London in 1912. 

Francis P. Garvan was born June 13, 
1875, in East Hartford, and was educated 
in the public schools, including the high 
school of Hartford, Connecticut. He en- 
tered Yale University, from which he was 
graduated Bachelor of Arts in 1897, and 
subsequently, for a time, attended the 
Catholic University at Washington, D. 
C. He took the lead in his classes and 
was very active in college fraternities. 
From the New York Law School he re- 
ceived the degree of Bachelor of Laws, 
and was admitted to the bar of New York 
in 1899. For some time he was a clerk 
in the law office of James, Schell & Elkus, 
and in 1901 was appointed assistant dis- 
trict attorney of New York county under 
District Attorney Jerome, continuing to 
serve under that noted official for a period 
of eight years. Mr. Garvan was in full 
charge of the homicide cases and was 
practically the chief of District Attorney 
Jerome's staff. He was a very active 
figure in the prosecution of many world- 
famous cases, including the murder trial 
of Patrick, and of Molineaux and Harry 
K. Thaw. He also prosecuted railroad 
fraud cases and a large number of in- 
dividuals for false claims against insur- 
ance companies. In this trying position 
Mr. Garvan developed the keenest of abil- 
ities, and assisted greatly in making the 

72 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



great reputation which surrounded Mr. 
Jerome as State's attorney. No man in 
that position ever achieved a finer record 
than Mr. Garvan. He is a member of 
many organizations and clubs, among the 
latter including the Manhattan, Piping 
Rock Racquet and Tennis, Rockaway 
Hunt, University, Yale Club, and the 
Delta Psi college fraternity. In addition to 
a large general law practice, he is inter- 
ested in various enterprises, and is a direc- 
tor of P. F. Collier & Sons, one of the 
largest publishers in the country. On 
leaving the district attorney's office Mr. 
Garvan became a m.ember of the law firm 
of Osborne, Lamb & Garvan. Here he 
finds field for the exercise of his unusual 
talents, and is making rapid strides 
toward the position of a leader at the New 
York bar. He has been retained in much 
important litigation, and has ever acquit- 
ted himself with credit and success. He 
is a faithful member of the Roman Cath- 
olic church, and in political action has 
ever been an unswerving Democrat, hav- 
ing faith in the principles which have 
made his party an active factor in the 
direction of aiTairs since the time of 
Thomas Jefiferson. 

He married, June 9, 1910, in Albany, 
Mabel Brady, daughter of the late An- 
thony N. Brady, one of the most success- 
ful business men of New York, and a 
prominent politician. Mr. Brady was 
born August 22, 1843, in Lille, France, 
and came with his parents to the United 
States in childhood. His wife, Marcia 
Ann (Myers) Brady, was born July 10, 
1849, in Bennington, Vermont. Mr. Gar- 
van's children are : Patricia, Francis Pat- 
rick, Jr., and Flora Brady. 



GERE, James Brewster, 

Bnsiness Man. 

Identified with the business interests 
of Syracuse since 1896, Mr. Gere is well 



known in commercial circles as the capa- 
ble president of the Gere Coal Company 
and of the Onondaga Vitrified Brick Com- 
pany. He is a son of Colonel James Mon- 
roe Gere, one of the best known Civil 
War veterans of Onondaga county, who 
answered final roll call, July 12, 1908, at 
the age of eighty-four years. 

The family name is found spelled both 
Geer and Gere, the earliest known ances- 
tor of the family, Walter Geere, of Heavi- 
tree, Devonshire, England, living in the 
fifteenth century. He married, about 
1450, Alice Somaster, of Southams, Dev- 
onshire, England, and from them all Dev- 
onshire Geers sprang. The origin of the 
name is said to have been from the occu- 
pation of the man who first bore it, John 
of the Gear. He was in the service of a 
chieftain and was chosen to superintend 
the war equipment of the chieftain's men. 
All such equipment was then designated 
as "gear," and when surnames came into 
vogue, about the middle of the eleventh 
century, "John, of the Gear," became John 
Gear. The immediate ancestor of J. Brew- 
ster Gere, of Syracuse, was Jonathan 
Geer, of Heavitree, Devonshire, of whom 
little is known further than that he left 
considerable property and two sons, 
George and Thomas, in charge of his 
brother. George Geer was born about 
1621, his brother Thomas in 1623. Their 
uncle gave them no educational advan- 
tages and began at once to plan getting 
rid of them in order to secure their patri- 
mony, left in his care. He finally got the 
boys upon a ship about to sail for Amer- 
ica by requesting them to deliver a letter 
to the captain for him. The letter asked 
that the captain take the boys to Amer- 
ica, and before they discovered the trick 
they were at sea. This was in 1635, and 
after the arrival of the ship at Boston the 
boys went ashore, without money, all 
trace of them being lost for many years. 
George is on record as one of the early 
73 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



settlers of New London, Connecticut, in 
1651 ; Thomas was living in Enfield in 
1682. 

George Geer, the ancestor of this 
branch, married Sarah Allyn in February, 
1658, and lived at Groton until about 
1720. then moved to Preston, where he 
made his home with a daughter, ^lar- 
garet, wife of Thomas Gates, until his 
death in 1726, aged one hundred and five 
years, having been totally blind for sev- 
eral years. The line of descent was 
through George ; his son, Robert ; his son, 
Ebenezer; his son, David; his son, Wil- 
liam Stanton ; his son. Colonel James 
Monroe ; his son, J. Brewster Gere, of 
Syracuse. 

William Stanton Gere, born in Octo- 
ber, 1785, died September 15, 1852. He 
married, February 14, 1816, Louisa Brew- 
ster. Their son. Colonel James Monroe 
Gere, was born November 15, 1824, died 
in Camillus, July 12, 1908, the last sur- 
vivor of the seven children of William 
Stanton Gere. He died in the house in 
which he was born eighty-two years be- 
fore, a house that had been his residence 
and home during nearly his entire life. 
His military career was attended by many 
dangers and thrilling experiences. He 
enlisted in 1862 and was at once commis- 
sioned captain of Company F, One Hun- 
dred and Twenty-second Regiment Vol- 
unteer Infantry, a company recruited in 
Camillus. He fought with the Army of 
the Potomac from Antietam to the Wil- 
derness, rising in rank to lieutenant-colo- 
nel, and for some time prior to his death 
was the highest officer in rank among the 
survivors of his regiment. During the 
Federal occupancy of Danville, Virginia, 
Captain Gere was assistant provost mar- 
shal and for several weeks commanded 
the forces holding that city. At the battle 
of the Wilderness he ranked as captain 
and was taken prisoner by the enemy. He 
was confined in Confederate prisons at 



Macon, Savannah, Charleston and Colum- 
bia, twice escaped and was recaptured, 
but a third attempt was successful after 
a six months' imprisonment. He made 
his escape from Columbia prison in the 
night, and after eight weeks of hunger, 
suffering and privation joined a detach- 
ment of troopers from Colonel Kirk's 
command, who were raiding the moun- 
tains of Tennessee. He was aided in his 
get-away by a loyal Union man, a North 
Carolina mountaineer, who fed, clothed 
and cared for him as best he could, and 
instructed him as to the proper course to 
pursue. Colonel Gere never forgot this 
man and the only break in his Camili 
residence was during the ten years he 
spent in North Carolina engaged in min- 
ing mica with the man as partner who 
had befriended him in his hour of need. 
Colonel Kirk, after Captain Gere reported 
to him, aided him to get to Washington, 
and soon afterward he was sent back to 
his regiment, arriving in time to accom- 
pany it on the Petersburg campaign. At 
the storming of Lee's lines at Petersburg 
the One Hundred and Twenty-second 
New York took part, Lieutenant-Colonel 
Gere leading his men. 

Colonel Gere married, October 8, 1856, 
Helen Hopkins, daughter of Anson Hop- 
kins, of Amboy, Onondaga county. New 
York. She was born July 7, 1832, died 
February 26, 1913, at Gere Locks, a mile 
west of Solvay, aged eighty years. At 
the time of her death she was the last 
survivor of the first members of the Am- 
boy Presbyterian Church, one of the old- 
est churches in the county. She was born 
in Amboy and never resided outside of 
Onondaga county. After the death of 
Colonel Gere in 1908 she made her home 
at the old Gere homestead. 

Colonel Gere for thirty-five years was 
elder of Amboy Presbyterian Church, and 
the year prior to his death represented 
that church in Syracuse Presbytery. For 



c=^^J.?^^^5iCL 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



many years he was engineer of the town 
of Solvay, and for many years was con- 
nected with the manufacture of Solar Salt 
in Syracuse. Children of Colonel James 
M. and Helen (Hopkins) Gere: Helen 
Eliza, born June lo, 1858, graduated from 
Syracuse University, Bachelor of Philos- 
ophy, class of 1881, now a teacher of 
science ; William Anson, born September 
3, i860, married Caroline Munro, June 4, 
1890; James Brewster, of further men- 
tion ; Mary Emmeline, born October 2, 
1870, died March 27, 1872. 

James Brewster Gere was born in Ca- 
millus, New York, August 14, 1867. He 
obtained his early education in the schools 
of that town, and then entered Syracuse 
High School, continuing there until 1883, 
when he left school to become his father's 
farm assistant. In 1896 he engaged in 
the retail coal business in Syracuse, and 
in 1899 added a wholesale department. 
In 1907 he incorporated his business 
under the title of the Gere Coal Company, 
of which he is president. He is also presi- 
dent of the Onondaga Vitrified Brick 
Company, both companies leaders in their 
respective lines. Mr. Gere is an active 
member of the Syracuse Chamber of 
Commerce, is a trustee of Geddes Congre- 
gational Church, is a member of the Ma- 
sonic order, of the Citizens' Club, and is 
an ardent Republican. 

He married, November i, 1894, Harriet, 
daughter of Henry S. Munro, of Belle 
Isle, New York. Children: Wendell, 
born September 28, 1897; James Brew- 
ster (2), born June 17, 1900; Caroline, 
born May 25, 1902; Donald Kerr, born 
December 25, 1903. 



CHAPMAN, Levi Snell, 

Lawyer, Man of Affairs, Legislator. 

Levi Snell Chapman was born at Fay- 
etteville, Onondaga county. New York, on 
October 15, 1865. His father was Nathan 



Randall Chapman, who after practicing 
law in that village for fifty-seven years, 
died March 21, 1897, at the age of eighty- 
eight years. As an evidence of the esteem 
in which he was held, the IMethodist, 
Presbyterian, Episcopal and Baptist 
churches united for a union memorial 
service on the Sunday evening following 
his funeral. His mother was Martha 
Maria (Tibbits) Chapman, who was born 
in Syracuse on April i, 1829, and who 
married Nathan R. Chapman on Decem- 
ber 2-j, 1847. She was a daughter of Otis 
and Rebecca Tibbits, who were early set- 
tlers in Syracuse, where she died on 
IMarch 31, 1909, at the age of eighty years, 
leaving her surviving three children, Sara 
Fidelia Chapman, now living in Syracuse ; 
Ella Chapman Dike, wife of Rev. Otis A. 
Dike, of Lake Placid, New York; and 
Levi Snell Chapman, the two latter being 
twins. Thomas D. Chapman, a half- 
brother and a veteran of the Civil War, 
died at Fayetteville in 1901. 

Mr. Chapman can trace his ancestry on 
his father's side in an unbroken line al- 
most to the beginning of American his- 
tory. His father was born at Stonington, 
Connecticut, April 21, 1809, and with his 
father, Nathan Chapman, and his mother, 
Hannah (Randall) Chapman, and an 
uncle. Smith Chapman, who later re- 
moved to Rochester, New York, came to 
Lenox, Madison county, New York, about 
1818, long before the advent of railroads 
and when Central New York was almost 
a wilderness. There he lived for years in 
a log cabin and helped his father clear the 
virgin soil of the county of which his 
brother, Sanford Palmer Chapman, after- 
wards became sherifT, and his cousin, 
Benjamin Franklin Chapman, became 
county judge. 

After graduating from Cortland Acad- 
emy at Homer, New York, in 1831, the 
elder Chapman entered Hamilton College, 
at Clinton, New York, from which he was 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



graduated with high rank in 1835. He 
survived every other member of his class 
and lived to be the ninth oldest alumnus 
of his alma mater. Later he taught Greek, 
Latin and mathematics in the Manlius 
Academy, and in the year 1836, became 
a teacher in the Fayetteville Academy, of 
which he afterwards became principal, 
which position he held for two and one- 
half years. During his administration the 
Fayetteville Academy, which was a pri- 
vate preparatory school, had an attend- 
ance of nearly three hundred students, as 
the old catalogues show, coming from all 
parts of Central New York. While teach- 
ing, the elder Chapman studied law in the 
offices of Nicholas P. Randall, a relative 
on his mother's side, of Manlius, and 
Judge Watson, at Fayetteville, and was 
admitted to the bar in 1840. 

Mr. Chapman's father, grandfather and 
great-grandfather all bore the Christian 
name of Nathan. Both his great-grand- 
fathers were captains in the War of the 
Revolution, one of whom, Peleg Randall, 
his grandmother's father, as Bachus' 
"History of the Baptists," volume 3, page 
259, informs us was a lieutenant, and at 
the surrender of Burgoyne, the captain 
having been killed, took command of the 
company. This same Peleg Randall was 
for thirty years, as Benedict's "History of 
the Baptists," page 475, tells us, pastor of 
the First Baptist Church of North Ston- 
ington, Connecticut, one of the earliest 
Baptist churches in New England. The 
first Nathan Chapman was a deacon in 
this church, and his son, Nathan, Jr., mar- 
ried the daughter of this pastor, Hannah 
Randall, May 29, 1808. Her mother was 
Hannah Palmer, who married Rev. Peleg 
Randall, in 1772, thus connecting the 
Chapman family with the ancient Ran- 
dall and Palmer families, the first of 
which traces its ancestry back to John 
Randall, who died at Westerly, Rhode 
Island, in 1684, and the second of which, 



by an equally continuous genealogical 
record, traces its ancestry back to Walter 
Palmer, who lived in Charlestown, Mas- 
sachusetts, as far back as 1629. 

This particular Chapman family begins 
with John Chapman, who was born in 
England, near London, in or about the 
year 1694, and came to America in 1712, 
having been impressed on a British man- 
of-war, from which he escaped in Boston, 
and fled back into the wilderness, where 
he stayed with the Pequot Indians until 
he could make his way to Westerly, 
Rhode Island, where in or about the year 
1714 he married Sarah Brown. They had 
five children, viz., John Chapman, who 
settled at Westerly, Rhode Island; Wil- 
liam Chapman, who settled at North Bol- 
ton, Connecticut ; Andrew Chapman, born 
in the year 1722, who settled at Stoning- 
ton, Connecticut ; Thomas Chapman, who 
settled at North Bolton, Connecticut ; and 
Sumner Chapman, who settled at West- 
erly, Rhode Island. Andrew, the third of 
these five sons, was the great-great-grand- 
father of Levi S. Chapman, and died at 
North Stonington, Connecticut, April 15, 
1794, at the age of seventy-six years. His 
wife, Hannah Smith Chapman, to whom 
he was married in 1744, died June 31, 
1783, at the age of fifty-six years. They 
had seven children, of whom Nathan 
Chapman was the fourth, born October 
7, 1760, and who was married July 7, 1785, 
to Nabby Peabody, who was born Sep- 
tember 20, 1763. The first Nathan died 
at North Stonington, Connecticut, Febru- 
ary 14, 1824, and his widow died at Fay- 
etteville, New York, May 12, 1847. They 
had seven children of whom the oldest 
was Nathan, Jr., Levi S. Chapman's 
grandfather, who was born at Stonington, 
Connecticut, March 17, 1786, and died at 
Auburn, New York, June 27, 1871, and is 
buried at Fayetteville, New York. 

Many representatives of the Chapman 
family are to be found in Connecticut at 
76 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the present day, and at Stonington we 
find the "Chapman burying ground" with 
the graves of the earlier members of the 
family dating back almost as far as 1600. 

The early education of Levi S. Chap- 
man was acquired in the Fayetteville 
Union School, from which he was gradu- 
ated as valedictorian in the class of 1884, 
after which he was then engaged in col- 
lege preparatory work for one year in 
Whitestown Seminary, from which he 
also was graduated in 1885. Entering 
Syracuse University in the fall of 1885, 
he was graduated in the class of 1889, 
with the degree of Bachelor of Arts, hav- 
ing been one of the commencement day 
speakers. He then commenced the study 
of law with his father at Fayetteville, but 
in January, 1891, having accepted a posi- 
tion as clerk in the Board of United States 
General Appraisers in New York City, 
he continued his studies with the law firm 
of Stanley, Clark & Smith. He was ad- 
mitted to the bar at Utica, New York, in 
1891, and having resigned his clerkship in 
New York on January i, 1892, he returned 
to Syracuse, where he became associated 
in offices with Jam«s E. Newell, with 
whom, in 1893, he formed a partnership 
under the name of Newell & Chapman. 
Harry E. Newell, a brother of James E. 
Newell, was admitted to partnership in 
1899, and the firm has since continued 
under the name of Newell, Chapman & 
Newell, with whom also since 1901 Har- 
ley J. Crane has been associated. 

For several years James E. Newell was 
corporation counsel of Syracuse, during 
which time the firm transacted all of the 
legal business for the city. Mr. Chap- 
man's particular field has been corpora- 
tion work, and he has organized and pro- 
moted many corporations. Principal 
among these at the present time are the 
City Bank of Syracuse, promoted by him 
in 1909, and now having assets of over 
N Y— Vol IV— 12 I 



$5,000,000, of which he is a director and 
attorney ; Thomas Millen Company, man- 
ufacturers of Portland Cement at James- 
ville, New York, which he reorganized in 
191 3, and of which he is secretary and 
treasurer; Watson Wagon Company, 
manufacturers of dumping wagons and 
motor tractors at Canastota, New York, 
of which he is vice-president ; Sherwood 
Metal Working Company, of Detroit, 
Michigan, and Syracuse, manufacturers 
of metal-frame window screens, etc., of 
which he is vice-president ; Syracuse Fau- 
cet and Valve Company, manufacturers 
of faucets and valves, of which he is 
treasurer; United States Steel Furniture 
Company, manufacturers of steel office 
furniture, of which he is secretary, and 
Morningside Cemetery Association, which 
dedicated in 1899, one hundred and four- 
teen acres of land in Syracuse for ceme- 
tery purposes, of which corporation he is 
treasurer. In the year 1905, Mr. Chap- 
man represented the Third Assembly Dis- 
trict of Onondaga in the State Legisla- 
ture. 

Since coming to Syracuse he has been 
a member of the Central Baptist Church, 
consolidated in 1910 with the First Bap- 
tist Church, and was largely instrumental 
in bringing about this consolidation, 
which united two strong down-town 
churches, and made possible the building 
of the new First Baptist Church, during 
the construction of which he was chair- 
man of the building committee. This 
church cost, including site, over $550,- 
000 and is unique, in that it operates a 
hotel and restaurant in connection with 
its church building. Mr. Chapman has 
been one of the deacons of this church 
for over twenty years, and for several 
years has been the teacher of the First 
Baraca Class, an organization of men in 
the Sunday school, having a membership 
at present of about three hundred and 



11 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



fifty, with an average Sunday attendance 
of about two hundred. This is the first 
class organized by M. A. Hudson in the 
Baraca-Philathea Union, now having a 
membership of over 1,000,000 men and 
300,000 women. 

Mr. Chapman has also been interested 
for many years in the Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association work, having been presi- 
dent of the Syracuse Association for nine 
years prior to 1896, when the new build- 
ing on Montgomery street was completed. 
During these nine years, the association 
secured pledges for $55,000 to wipe out an 
indebtedness in that amount on its old 
building on South Warren street, and 
raised more than $300,000 for its new 
building on Montgomery street. Mr. 
Chapman secured from Benjamin Tousey 
the gift of the land on which this new 
building was erected and an additional 
gift to make Mr. Tousey's subscription 
$114,000 which was conditioned on the 
balance of the required amount being 
raised, and appointed the special com- 
mittee consisting of Mr. Frederick R. 
Hazard, Mr. Lyman C. Smith and Mr. 
W. L. Smith, who with these called to 
their assistance had charge of the con- 
struction of the building and of securing 
the other subscriptions. Since 1896 he 
has been a member of the board of trus- 
tees. 

Mr. Chapman is a member of the Uni- 
versity Club, the Phi Beta Kappa honor- 
ary fraternity, the Masonic Club, the 
Delta Upsilon Society, of the board of 
trustees of which corporation he has been 
president for fifteen years or more, and 
a member of the various local bodies of 
the Masonic fraternity, including the 
Shrine. He is also a trustee of Roches- 
ter Theological Seminary and a trustee 
of Syracuse University. 

On November 30, 1892, Mr. Chapman 
married Lucia Louise Pattengill, daugh- 



ter of Rev. Charles N. Pattengill, retired, 
of Whitesboro, New York, who was for- 
merly pastor of the Baptist church at 
Fayetteville and for twenty-three years 
he has resided on Westcott street, Syra- 
cuse, for twenty years at No. 321 West- 
cott street, his present' home. They have 
three children : Ella Louise, a senior in 
Vassar College ; Charles Randall, a senior 
in Mercersburg Academy ; and Lucia 
Maria, ten years old. 



NORTHRUP, Ansel Judd, 

liBiryer, Jurist, Author. 

Ansel Judd Northrup, one of the lead- 
ing citizens of Syracuse, is a lifelong resi- 
dent of Central New York, having been 
born in Smithfield, Madison county, June 
30, 1833. His father was a pioneer set- 
tler of that region, and his ancestors were 
among the sturdy and enterprising na- 
tives of old England, who set out and met 
hardships and difficulties to settle New 
England. The name is derived from an 
old Saxon word, "thrope" (or "thorp"), a 
village, and appears as early as 1294 in 
England as del Northrope (of the north 
village). It is frequently found in that 
form in the records of York county, and 
under various spellings in other sections 
of England and in Massachusetts. It has 
figured in the various Colonial wars, the 
War of the Revolution, and the Civil War. 
Under the various forms it appears forty- 
nine times in the roll of Revolutionary 
soldiers from Massachusetts alone. It 
has figured in the learned professions at 
the head of educational institutions, on 
the bench, and in high ecclesiastical posi- 
tions. Many descendants now use the 
form Northrop. 

Joseph Northrup, the immigrant an- 
cestor of the family in America, is 
supposed to have come from Yorkshire, 
England, and was presumably a member 



178 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of Eaton and Davenport's company, which 
left England on the "Hector and Martha," 
landing in Boston, July 26, 1637. He was 
among the settlers at Milford, Connecti- 
cut, where he joined the church in 1642, 
and was admitted as a citizen of the 
colony, having come of good family with 
good estate. He died in 1669, at Milford. 
Plis wife Mary was a daughter of Francis 
Norton, who went to Milford from Weth- 
ersfield, Connecticut. Joseph (2), eldest 
son of Joseph (i) and Mary (Norton) 
Northrup, was born July 17, 1649,'in Mil- 
ford, where he married Miriam Blakeman, 
daughter of James and Miriam (Wheeler) 
Blakeman, granddaughter of Rev. Aaron 
Blakeman, born 1598, in Stratford, Eng- 
land. Moses, third son of Joseph (2) and 
Miriam (Blakeman) Northrup, baptized 
March 31, 1695, in Milford, was among 
the purchasers and original settlers of 
Ridgefield, Connecticut, as early as 1716. 
In 1734 he removed to Dutchess county, 
New York, where he died about 1747. 
He married Abigail Cornwall, and they 
were the parents of Amos Northrup, born 
1730, at Ridgefield, died February 9, 1810, 
in Tyringham, Berkshire county, Massa- 
chusetts, where he settled as early as 
1771. He was ensign in the T}ringham 
company in the Revolutionary army. He 
first enlisted as a private September 22, 
1777, again enlisted October 18, 1779, 
serving in a company from Claverack, 
Columbia county, New York. He mar- 
ried a widow, Hannah, born Calkins, 
1737, died April 22, 1805. Amos (2), their 
eldest son, was born April 19, 1768, in 
Dutchess county, and died October 12, 
1835, in Peterboro, Madison county, New 
York. He visited that section in 1804, 
and took up lands in the "milestrip" in 
the town of Smithfield, where he built a 
log house. Thither he brought his fam- 
ily in February, 1805. He married, March 
10, 1796, Elizabeth, daughter of Tristram 



Stedman, born December 18, 1773, died 
November 15, 1852, and both are buried 
at Peterboro. 

Rensselaer Northrup, their second son, 
was born August 10, 1804, in Tyringham, 
and was six months of age when the fam- 
ily removed to Madison county. He died 
August 8, 1874, in the village of Canas- 
tota, and was buried in Quality Hill 
Cemetery, on the seventieth anniversary 
of his birth. An active, upright farmer, 
an earnest advocate of temperance, and a 
"Gerrit Smith Abolitionist," his active 
life was passed in the town of Smithfield. 
He refused to accept the office of assessor 
after his election because he was expected 
to assess property at a low rate after tak- 
ing an oath to assess at full value. His 
house was a station on "the underground 
railroad," where he often sheltered slaves 
on their way to Canada and freedom. For 
many years he was a member and ofiScer 
of the Presbyterian church. He married, 
October 3, 1832, at Watervale, Onondaga 
county, New York, Clarissa Judd, born 
May 9, 1810, died August 17, 1862, at 
Lenox, Madison county. New York. She 
was a descendant of Thomas Judd, who 
came from England in 1624, and settled at 
Cambridge, Massachusetts, where he was 
admitted a freeman May 25, 1636. In 
that year he removed to Hartford, Con- 
necticut. He was among the pioneers of 
Farmington, Connecticut, and one of the 
first proprietors, a charter member of the 
Farmington Church, and its second dea- 
con. His descendant, Ansel Judd, mar- 
ried Electa Jones, and lived in the town 
of Pompey, Onondaga county. 

Ansel Judd Northrup, son of Rensse- 
laer and Clarissa (Judd) Northrup, passed 
his early life on the paternal farm, in 
whose labors he participated in the inter- 
vals of attendance at school. He taught 
four winter terms of school, prepared for 
college at Peterboro Academy and Ober- 
"9 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



lin College, Ohio, and was graduated from 
Hamilton College at Clinton, New York, 
in 1858, as salutatorian of his class with 
the degree of Bachelor of Arts. After pur- 
suing the study of law at the Columbia 
Law School at New York, he was ad- 
mitted to the bar in Norwich, New York, 
May 12, 1859, and began the practice of 
his profession at Syracuse, in the same 
year. In 1861 he received the degree of 
Master of Arts from his alma mater, and 
in 1895 that of Doctor of Laws. He was 
appointed a United States court commis- 
sioner, March 22, 1870, and soon after 
United States examiner in equity, both of 
which positions he still holds. 

He was elected a trustee of the Syra- 
cuse Savings Bank, March 20, 1877, and 
still fills that position, being also a trus- 
tee of Oakwood Cemetery at Syracuse. 
He was one of the founders and long a 
director of the University Club of Syra- 
cuse ; was for ten years president of the 
Onondaga Historical Society, and has 
long been an elder of the First Presby- 
terian Church of Syracuse. During and 
after the Civil War he was vice-presi- 
dent and later president of the Loyal 
League (in Syracuse) and served as lay 
commissioner to the General Assembly 
of the Presbyterian Church at Saratoga, 
in 1890, at Buffalo, in 1904, and at Atlan- 
tic City, in 1910. He was elected in No- 
vember, 1882, as county judge of Onon- 
daga county, and reelected in 1888, serv- 
ing twelve years. In January, 1895, he 
resumed the practice of law at Syracuse 
in association with his son, Elliott Judd 
Northrup. In February of that year he 
was appointed by Governor Morton one 
of three commissioners of statutory re- 
vision of the State, and in June following 
one of three commissioners to revise the 
code of civil procedure, and served six 
years in each of these positions. Judge 
Northrup is much interested in historical 



and genealogical research ; is a member 
of the Genealogical Society of Central 
New York, and published in 1908 the 
Northrup Genealogy. He is a member 
of the Alpha Delta Phi and the Phi Beta 
Kappa, and of the Citizens, University 
and Fortnightly clubs. Besides the work 
above mentioned, he is the author of sev- 
eral books, such as "Camps and Tramps 
in the Adirondacks and Grayling Fishing 
in Northern Michigan" (1880-1901) ; 
"Sconset Cottage Life" (1881-1901) ; 
"Slavery in New York" (1900) ; "The 
Powers and Duties of Elders in the Pres- 
byterian Church" (1908), also numerous 
addresses. As secretary he edited the 
"History of the Class of 1858," Hamilton 
College. 1898; edited the history of the 
"Seventy-fifth Anniversary First Presby- 
terian Church," Syracuse, 1899. Politi- 
cally Judge Northrup is affiliated with 
the Republican party and advocates its 
principles. He is still (1915) active in his 
profession of the law. 

He married, November 24, 1863, Eliza 
Sophia, eldest daughter of Thomas Brock- 
way and Ursula Ann (Elliott) Fitch, of 
Syracuse, born December 15, 1842, and 
died March 15, 1914. Children: i. Ed- 
win Fitch, graduate of Amherst College 
and Johns Hopkins University, Doctor of 
Philosophy, formerly a manufacturer of 
instruments at Philadelphia, member of 
the Leeds & Northrup Company, and 
since 1910 a professor of physics in 
Princeton University. He is an inventor, 
and frequent contributor to magazines on 
scientific and engineering subjects, and 
has written many scientific addresses. 2. 
Elliott Judd. graduate of Amherst Col- 
lege and Cornell University Law Depart- 
ment, professor of law in the University 
of Illinois for some time, and since 1910 
in Tulane University, New Orleans, 
Louisiana. 3. Theodore Dwight. died in 
his twelfth year. 4. Ursula, married Louis 



180 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Cleveland Jones, of Solvay, New York, 
chief chemist of the Semet Solvay Process 
Company, Syracuse, and residing in Syra- 
cuse. 5. Edith, graduated from Syracuse 
University, 1908, with the degree of Bach- 
elor of Philosophy, and a teacher of Eng- 
lish in the Goodyear Burlingame Private 
School in Syracuse. 



MORRIS. Robert Clark, 

Lawyer, L.axr Instmctor. 

Robert Clark Morris is descended from 
a very old Connecticut family, which was 
first located at New Haven, and has in- 
herited those sterling qualities which dis- 
tinguished the pioneers of that State. The 
first in this country was Thomas Morris, 
a native of England, who was one of the 
signers of the Plantation Covenant at 
New Haven, in 1639. His eldest son, 
Eleazer Morris, was born at New Haven, 
and settled in the adjoining town of East 
Haven, Connecticut, where he resided 
with his wife Anna. Their second son, 
James Morris, was born about 1690, in 
East Haven, and married, February 24, 
171 5, Abigail Ross. Their second son, 
James Morris, born 1723, in East Haven, 
settled in Litchfield, Connecticut, where 
he was a landowner at Litchfield South 
Farms, now the town of Morris, a deacon 
of the church, and a prominent citizen. 
He died June 6, 1789, in Litchfield. He 
married, April 8, 1751, Phebe, widow of 
Timothy Barnes, born 1712-13, died April 
15' 1793- Both are buried in the grave- 
yard at Morris. 

Their eldest child was James Morris, 
born January 8, 1752, was graduated from 
Yale in 1775, and began the study of the- 
ology with Rev. Dr. Joseph Bellamy. In 
May, 1776, while teaching at Litchfield, 
he entered the patriot army as an ensign 
in Colonel Fisher Gay's Connecticut regi- 
ment. He served in the campaign around 
New York, and in January, 1777, was ap- 



pointed first lieutenant in Colonel Philip 
B. Bradley's New Connecticut regiment. 
At the battle of Germantown, October 4, 
1777, he was captured, and spent the next 
eight months in prison at Philadelphia. 
Thence he was transferred to Brooklyn, 
and was discharged January 3, 1781. 
While in captivity he was promoted to a 
captaincy, and in the summer of 1781 was 
detached to serve in Colonel Scannell's 
Light Infantry Regiment, which he ac- 
companied to Yorktown. On his dis- 
charge from the army, in January, 1783, 
he settled in his native village, where he 
filled numerous important offices. Here 
he established an academy in 1790, which 
instructed in all nearly fifteen hundred 
pupils, of whom more than sixty were 
prepared for college. At nine sessions of 
the General Assembly, between 1798 and 
1805, he represented Litchfield. The town 
of Morris, formerly a part of Litchfield, 
was named in his honor, and he was dea- 
con of the church there from 1795 until 
his death, which occurred April 20, 1820, 
at Goshen, Connecticut, while on a trip 
from Cornwall to his home. Portions of 
his narrative of his life and public serv- 
ices during the Revolution have been 
printed in "Yale in the Revolution" and 
"Memoirs of the Long Island Historical 
Society." He married (first) Elizabeth, 
youngest daughter of Robert Hubbard, 
of Middletown, Connecticut, and (sec- 
ond) March 16, 1815, Rhoda Farnum. 

The only son of the second marriage, 
Dwight Morris, was born November 22, 
1817, in what is now Morris, and gradu- 
ated with honors from Union College in 
1838, subsequently receiving the degree 
of Master of Arts from Yale. In 1839 he 
was admitted to the Litchfield bar, be- 
came active in public affairs, represented 
his town in the General Assembly sev- 
eral sessions, and was judge of probate 
from 1845 to 1852. In 1862 he recruited 
a regiment, and went to the front as colo- 



181 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



nel of the Fourteenth Connecticut Volun- 
teers. Soon after he was given command 
of the Second Brigade, Second Corps, and 
took part in the battle of Antietam. His 
regiment came to be known as the "Fight- 
ing Fourteenth," from its brilliant service. 
Ill health compelled him to resign his 
commission, and he was honorably dis- 
charged, with the rank of brigadier-gen- 
eral. He was nominated by President 
Lincoln as judge of the Territory of 
Idaho, but declined. From 1865 to 1869 
he served as consul-general at Havre, 
France, and in 1876 was elected Secretary 
of State of Connecticut. Through his 
efforts the Society of the Cincinnati was 
reinstated in his State, July 4, 1893, after 
having been dormant eighty-nine years, 
and thenceforward, until his death, Sep- 
tember, 1894, he was its president. He 
devoted considerable time to literature, 
and contributed many articles on histori- 
cal subjects. His second wife, Grace Jo- 
sephine Clark, whom he married in 1867, 
at Paris, France, was born 1844, •" Chi- 
cago, daughter of Lewis W. and Emily 
(Henshaw) Clark, of that city, died 1884. 
Robert Clark Morris, son of the last 
named, was born November 19, 1869, at 
Bridgeport, Connecticut, where he was a 
student of the public schools, after which 
he pursued the study of law at Yale Law 
School, from which he was graduated 
with the degree of Bachelor of Laws in 
1890. From Yale he received the degree 
of Master of Law in 1892, and Doctor of 
Civil Law in 1893. He was secretary of 
the class of 1890 at Yale Law School. In 
that year he was admitted to the Connec- 
ticut bar, and in 1890-91 studied conti- 
nental jurisprudence in Europe. In 1894 
he located in New York City, where he 
immediately began practice. From 1895 
to 1904 he lectured on French law at Yale 
Law School, and since 1904 has been lec- 
turing on International Arbitration and 
Proceedure in that institution. He is the 



author of a standard work entitled "In 
ternational Arbitration and Proceedure." 
He is at present senior partner of the law 
firm of Morris & Plante, in New York 
City. Mr. Morris has taken a keen in- 
terest in political movements, and from 
1901 to 1903 was president of the Repub- 
lican County Committee of New York, 
and in 1909 was president of the Repub- 
lican Club of that city. He was counsel 
for the United States before the United 
States and Venezuelan Commission in 
1903, and occupies a leading position at 
the metropolitan bar. The work of his 
firm is general, but most of his time is 
devoted to reorganizations. By inherit- 
ance he is a member of the Order of the 
Cincinnati, and is a member of the Mili- 
tary Order of the Loyal Legion and the 
Sons of the Revolution. He is also a 
member of the New York Bar Associa- 
tion, the International Law Association, 
the American Bar Association, New York 
County Lawyers' Association, the Amer- 
ican Society of International Law, the 
Society of Medical Jurisprudence, the 
Japan Society, and the China Society. He 
is identified with several clubs, including 
the Union League, Yale, Metropolitan, 
Tuxedo of New York, Lakewood Coun- 
try, also the Graduates' Club of New 
Haven. He resides on Fifth avenue, in 
New York City. He married, June 24, 
1890, Alice A. Parmelee, of New Haven, 
daughter of Andrew Yelverton and Sarah 
Elizabeth (Farren) Parmelee. They have 
travelled extensively throughout the 
world, and Mrs. Morris is the author of 
"Dragons and Cherry Blossoms," a work 
on Japan. 



SMITH, Jay Hungerford, 

Manuf actnrer, Man of Affairs. 

There is genuine satisfaction in telling 
Mr. Smith's life story, for it is a record of 
worthy effort, generously recompensed. 



EXCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



There are men who build well upon foun- 
dations laid by another and there are men 
who conceive, plan, dig, lay the founda- 
tion and upon it build to completion. To 
this latter class Mr. Smith belongs. A 
graduate chemist, he might easily have 
followed the beaten paths, compounded 
drugs, and sold soda water all his life, 
and might have been one of thousands 
performing their duty well along similar 
lines. But his nature would not permit 
this and from the drug store at Ausable 
Forks he launched out into the wide field 
of experiment and established a new busi- 
ness, adding his own to the names of 
America's creative geniuses. From foun- 
dation to spire the business over which 
he presides is his own, the child of his 
own brain, developed through his own 
skill and conducted by his own master- 
ful mind. "Founder" and "head" of a 
business conducted in one of Rochester's 
finest factories, Mr. Smith can with deep- 
est satisfaction contemplate the work he 
has accomplished in the twenty-five years 
since he first located in Rochester and 
began as the head of the Jay Hungerford 
Smith Company the manufacture of 
"True Fruit" syrups. 

A review of Mr. Smith's ancestry, pa- 
ternal and maternal, is most interesting. 
He descends paternally from Silas Smith, 
who came from England with the Plym- 
outh Company, settling at Taunton, Mas- 
sachusetts. The line of descent to Jay 
Hungerford Smith is through Silas (2) 
and Hannah (Gazine) Smith; their son, 
Samuel, and Abigail (Wright) Smith ; 
their son Daniel, and Susan (Holmes) 
Smith ; their son, William Priest, and 
Sarah Porter (Hungerford) Smith ; their 
son. Jay Hungerford Smith. 

Samuel Smith, of the third generation, 
was a soldier of the Revolution, and the 
first of this branch to locate in New York 
State, living in Spencertown, Columbia 
county, where his son, Daniel, was born. 



Daniel Smith moved to Ellisburg, Jefifer- 
son county, in 1802, was a lieutenant in 
the War of 1812, fought at Sackett's Har- 
bor, and donated the use of his home for 
a hospital for the wounded soldiers. 
Susan (Holmes) Smith, his wife, bore him 
sixteen children. Her father, Thomas 
Holmes, was a soldier of the Revolution 
from Connecticut, ranked as sergeant, and 
was a Revolutionary pensioner. William 
Priest Smith, of the fifth generation, was 
born in New York, January 5, 1799, was 
a lumberman and landowner of St. Law- 
rence county. New York, justice of the 
peace, associate judge, a man of influence 
and high standing. His wife, Sarah Por- 
ter (Hungerford) Smith, whom he mar- 
ried, July 9, 1843, traced her ancestry to 
Sir Thomas Hungerford, who in 1369 pur- 
chased "Farley Castle," in Somersetshire, 
England, an estate that was the family 
seat for more than three hundred years. 
Sir Thomas was steward for John of 
Ghent, Duke of Lancaster, son of King 
Edward HI., and was a member and 
speaker of the House of Commons, re- 
puted to be the first person elected to that 
high office. The present crest of the 
Hungerford family, "A garb or, a wheat 
sheaf between two sickles erect," with the 
motto Et Dieu mo>t apptcy (God is my sup- 
port), was first adopted by Sir Walter, 
afterward Lord Hungerford, son of Sir 
Thomas. John Hungerford, great-grand- 
father of Sarah Porter Hungerford, a 
lineal descendant of Sir Thomas, was a 
colonial soldier, ranking as captain. His 
son, Amasa, was a colonel in the Revolu- 
tionary army; his son, Amasa (2), was a 
"minute man" of the War of 1812, a ship 
builder on Lake Ontario, a prosperous 
farmer of Jefferson county. New York, a 
man widely known. His daughter, Sarah 
Porter Hungerford, married William 
Priest Smith, whom she bore eleven chil- 
dren : Lois Elizabeth, Amasa Daniel, 
.Annie Eliza. Frances Sarah, George Wil- 



183 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Ham, Jay Hungerford, of further mention, 
Mary Louise, Jennie V., Joseph Brodie, 
Frank Robbins, and May Lillian. 

Jay Hungerford Smith was born at 
Fine, St. Lawrence county. New York, 
February 20, 1855, third son and sixth 
child of William Priest and Sarah Por- 
ter (Hungerford) Smith. He prepared 
for college at Hungerford Collegiate In- 
stitute and entered the University of 
Michigan, whence he was graduated 
Pharmaceutical Chemist, class of 1877. 
Three years later he began business at 
Ausable Forks, New York, as a whole- 
sale and retail dealer in drugs. He de- 
veloped a prosperous business along con- 
ventional lines and there was no reason to 
suppose that he was not permanently set- 
tled in business. But his ideals were 
higher and in the course of business he 
saw opportunity open a new avenue of 
effort, and this avenue he saw would lead 
to great result could he but tread it. At 
that time the soda fountain business, now 
of such immense proportions, was but a 
small item in the drug trade and all flavor- 
ing syrups dispensed were either artificial 
or from preserved fruit. Mr. Smith at- 
tacked the problem of improving the qual- 
ity of these flavors, striving to extract and 
to preserve the true flavor of fresh fruit. 
His intimate knowledge of chemistry was 
called upon and after a great deal of ex- 
perimenting and many failures he finally 
perfected a cold process by which he ob- 
tained the desired result. He added to his 
process, matured his plans of manufac- 
ture, located in 1890 in Rochester, New 
York, and began carrying them into effect. 
He organized the J. Hungerford Smith 
Company, erected a plant, and began the 
manufacture of "True Fruit" syrups. So 
well had he planned and so superior was 
his product that public favor was quickly 
secured and to-day two hundred thousand 
square feet of factory space is required to 
meet the demands for "True Fruit" 



syrups. As the products, so are the sur- 
roundings attending their manufacture, 
for "purity and cleanliness" are factory 
slogans and the highest in both has been 
realized. The sanitary precautions are 
unsurpassed, and every device making for 
purity, cleanliness, health, efficiency of 
operation, and perfection in product, has 
been installed. "True Fruit" syrups have 
an immense sale in the United States, 
and a large export trade, double that of 
any similar product, has been built up. 
This end, attained in twenty-five years, 
is a gratifying one, the business having 
been built from nothing but an idea to its 
present prosperous condition. Mr. Smith 
conceived the idea of "True Fruit" flav- 
ors, founded the business, visioned and 
jierfected the conditions vmder which such 
flavors should be produced and with rare 
executive ability has managed the busi- 
ness affairs of the company producing 
them. So the titles of creator, founder 
and head are truly his as applied to the 
product and business of J. Hungerford 
Smith & Company. He is a director of 
the Alliance Bank, and has other impor- 
tant business interests in Rochester and 
elsewhere. 

Mr. Smith's next greatest interest is in 
the Masonic order, one in which he has 
attained every degree in both York and 
Scottish rites that can be conferred in 
this country. He has received many 
honors at the hands of his brethren, the 
thirty-third degree Scottish Rite being 
one that is only conferred by special 
favor and then only for "distinguished 
service" rendered the order. He was 
"made a Mason" in Richville Lodge, No. 
633, Free and Accepted Masons, in 1880, 
and after coming to Rochester affiliated 
by "demit" with Frank R. Lawrence 
Lodge, No. 797, serving as worshipful 
master in 1897 ^nd 1898. He, as rapidly 
as the Masonic law permits, took the 
chapter, council, and commandery de- 
84 




A 




ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



grees constituting the York Rite, and 
holds membership in Hamilton Chapter, 
No. 62, Royal Arch Masons : Doric Coun- 
cil, No. 19, Royal and Select Masters, 
and Monroe Commandery, No. 12, 
Knights Templar. By virtue of being 
master he became a member of the 
Grand Lodge of the State of New York, 
and in 1898 was appointed grand senior 
deacon. As chairman of the Grand 
Lodge committee on work and lectures in 
1899 ^^ performed valued service in per- 
fecting ritualistic work and for several 
years was one of the custodians of the 
work. He was a member of the commis- 
sion of appeals of the Grand Lodge in 
1905, 1906, and 1907, and since 1900 has 
been representative of the Grand Lodge, 
Free and Accepted Masons, of Canada, 
near the Grand Lodge of the State of 
New York. He is a director of the Ma- 
sonic Temple Association, and ex-presi- 
dent of the Masonic Club, of Rochester, 
ex-trustee of the Hall and Asylum Fund, 
and a present member of the standing 
committee. 

After acquiring the degrees of York 
Rite Masonry, Mr. Smith, desiring 
"further light," was initiated into the 
Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite, is a 
member of the four bodies of the Rite, 
and has attained the much hoped for, 
seldom conferred, thirty-third degree. 
He is a member of Rochester Consistory, 
which conferred all degrees including the 
thirty-second. Sovereign Princes of the 
Royal Secret, and on September 15, 1896, 
received the crowning thirty-third degree 
through the favor of the body governing 
the holders of that degree, the highest 
honor an American Mason can receive. 

The ancient landmarks of the order 
are sacred to Mr. Smith and as custodian 
of the work he has sought to keep closely 
to them. Where methods only were in- 
volved he has sanctioned and suggested 
ritualistic innovation, thereby beautify- 
ing and strengthening the work. Through 



the exercise of his unbounded dramatic 
ability many of the degrees, particularly 
in the Scottish Rite, have been illumi- 
nated and clothed with a deeper meaning. 
His influence has been exerted for the 
good of the order, his service has been 
valued by his brethren, and his elevation 
to the thirty-third degree came as an 
acknowledgment of that service, for the 
degree cannot be applied for, as other 
degrees must be, but comes as an un- 
sought and highly valued honor. 

A public honor was conferred upon Mr. 
Smith when he was but twenty-eight 
years of age in recognition of his stand- 
ing in his profession, by appointment as 
one of the five members of the original 
New York State Board of Pharmacy, a 
position he held for eight years. For 
many years he has been a trustee of the 
Rochester Chamber of Commerce and 
has been one of the progressive men ever 
ready to aid and to support every move- 
ment or enterprise to further the public 
good. He is an official member of the 
Cascade Lakes Club in the Adirondack 
preserve, his city club the Masonic. 
Social by nature and most genial in dis- 
position, he has many friends, and these 
friendships are mutually highly prized. 
He is, however, preeminently a man of 
affairs, and is a splendid example of the 
alert, progressive, creative American 
business man, a type of the men who have 
made this country famous. 

Mr. Smith married, May 17, 1882, 
Jean, daughter of John A. Dawson, of 
Ausable Forks, New York. Children: 
James Hungerford, Anna Dawson, Flor- 
ence, died in infancy ; Jay Elwood, Lois, 
and Helen Hungerford. 



HALE, George David, 

Educator, Man of Affairs. 

Professor George David Hale was born 
in Adams, Jefiferson county, New York, 
March 27, 1844. His parents were Abner 



185 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Cable and Sally Ann (Barton) Hale. The 
first American ancestor in the paternal 
line was Thomas Hale, the glover, who 
came from England in 1637 and settled at 
Newbury, Massachusetts, where he died 
December 21, 1682. The grandfather, 
David Hale, was senior member of the 
first mercantile firm in Adams, New York, 
and was also captain of a troop of cavalry 
in the War of 1812. From a very early 
period in the development of Jefiferson 
county the family was connected with its 
progress and upbuilding. Abner C. Hale, 
the father, followed the occupation of 
farming at Adams. 

Professor George D. Hale spent his 
boyhood days under the parental roof. 
In 1870 he was graduated from the classi- 
cal course of the University of Rochester, 
and three years later that institution con- 
ferred upon him the degree of Alaster of 
Arts. He is a member of the Delta 
Kappa Epsilon and of the Phi Beta Kap- 
pa, two college fraternities. Professor 
Hale is known personally or by reputa- 
tion to every resident of the city and also 
to a large extent throughout this and 
other states by reason of the fact that his 
students have gone abroad into all parts 
of the country, bearing in their lives the 
impress of his individuality. The Hale 
Classical and Scientific School, which he 
conducted in Rochester from 1871 to 1898, 
is recognized as having been one of the 
most excellent institutions of learning in 
the State and among its graduates are 
men who are now prominent in the public 
and business life of Rochester. Thor- 
oughness has always been his motto and 
he has ever held high the standard of edu- 
cational proficiency. Kant has said : "The 
object of education is to train each in- 
dividual to reach the highest perfection 
possible for him," and the spirit of this 
statement has been a dominant factor in 
the work done by Professor Hale during 



these years. Moreover, he is recognized 
in educational circles as an authority on 
mathematics and as one who stands as a 
leader in his profession because of the 
high ideals which he has ever held and 
the unfaltering effort he has made to 
reach them. He is identified with several 
of the leading societies for the advance- 
ment of knowledge, being a member of 
the National Educational Association and 
the American Association for the Ad- 
vancement of Science, also of the Na- 
tional Geographic Society. Of local so- 
cieties he is identified with the Rochester 
Historical Society, the Genesee Valley 
Club, the Rochester Country Club, the 
University Club, and the Rochester 
Chamber of Commerce. His political 
preference has always been for the Re- 
publican party, and while he has been a 
student of the great issues and questions 
bearing upon the welfare of State and 
Nation, he has always been without poli- 
tical ambition. 

On December 29, 1875, Professor Hale 
was married in Rochester to Mary Eliza- 
beth Judson, a daughter of Junius (q. v.) 
and Lavenda (Bushnell) Judson. They 
have two daughters, Edith Hariette and 
Elizabeth Lavenda Hale. Mrs. Hale was 
possessed of rare mental endowment, of 
mature Christian character, and withal of 
a most charming personality which 
showed itself in sweet courtesy towards 
all. She died April 12, 1915, sincerely 
mourned by all who knew her. 

Professor Hale is a member of the 
First Baptist Church of Rochester, in 
which he has served for many years as a 
trustee, being also prominently identified 
with the general interests of the Baptist 
denomination in this city. He has been 
a generous contributor to many public 
and charitable works and his influence is 
always on the side of that which pro- 
motes intellectual development, aesthetic 




I 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



culture and moral progress. He has 
given many years of an active and useful 
life to the cause of education and has at- 
tained wide distinction in the field of 
labor he has chosen. He has been for 
several years identified with the business 
interests of the several Judson companies 
of this city, in which he is both director 
and stockholder. 



PRICE, George M., 

Snrgeon, Professional Instmctor. 

For more than a quarter of a century 
George M. Price, M. D., F. A. C. S., has 
practiced his healing art in Syracuse, win- 
ning honorable standing in his profession 
and public esteem as a citizen. In fact, 
save for the years spent in American and 
European medical schools, his entire life 
has been spent in the vicinity of Syra- 
cuse ; his birthplace, Liverpool, being 
not far away. He is devoted to his pro- 
fession and confines himself closely to his 
special work as surgeon, having few out- 
side interests. 

George M. Price was born at Liverpool, 
Onondaga county. New York, March 3, 
1865. After a course of public school 
study he became a student at Cazenovia 
Seminary, later entering Syracuse High 
School, there completing a full course to 
graduation. He decided upon the profes- 
sion of medicine as his life work, begin- 
ning study in the medical department of 
the University of Syracuse, whence he 
was graduated M. D., class of 1886. Al- 
though officially authorized to begin prac- 
tice, he was not satisfied with his attain- 
ments and for the next two years pursued 
post-graduate courses in the hospitals and 
schools of medicine in London, England, 
and Vienna, Austria. He then returned 
to the United States and spent some time 
in further post-graduate work as interne 
and student at New York Hospital. 

After those years of thorough prepara- 



tion, he located in Syracuse and there has 
since continued, an honored and success- 
ful practitioner. He is a member of the 
New York State Medical Society, Central 
New York Medical Association, the 
Onondaga County Medical Society, and 
the Syracuse Academy of Medicine. He 
has served as president of the three last 
named societies. He is surgeon to the 
Hospital of the Good Shepherd and the 
Syracuse Free Dispensary, and Professor 
of Clinical Surgery in the College of 
Medicine, Syracuse University. In 1914 
he received the degree of F. A. C. S. from 
the American College of Surgeons. He is 
a member of the board of directors of the 
Syracuse Young Men's Christian Associ- 
ation, of the Syracuse University Social 
Sentiment, and the Billy Sunday Club, and 
of the session of the Park Central Presby- 
terian Church. He has been honored by 
membership in the following organiza- 
tions: Alpha Omega Alpha (the * B K 
of the Medical World), Iota Chapter, 
Alpha Kappa Kappa ; Salt Springs Lodge, 
No. 520, Free and Accepted Masons; 
Knight Templar ; thirty-second degree 
Mason ; University Club, Practitioners' 
Club, Clinical Club, Automobile Club. 

Dr. Price married, January 19, 1888, 
Nettie B. Reese and has five children : J- 
Reese, Emily H., Letitia E., Willis H., 
and G. Taylor, 2nd. 



SMITH. Ray Burdick, ^ 
Lawyer, Author of Salutary Legislation. 

In every branch of activity it is the few 
and not the many who rise to eminence, 
and it is these few who give tone and 
character to society, and shape the des- 
tinies of the communities in which they 
reside. More men rise to what is called 
eminence at the bar than in any other 
profession. The majority of our orators 
and statesmen come from the forum, as it 
is the most general school for the training 



187 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of genius or talent, and humanity is in- 
debted to the study of law and the prac- 
tice of our courts for the development of 
some of the greatest minds the world has 
ever produced. Certainly no state has 
more reason to feel proud of her bar than 
New York. The records of her lawyers 
since the earliest periods of her history are 
replete with the works of men who were 
giants in intellect, and to-day no city in 
the east presents a fairer array of legal 
luminaries than Syracuse, New York. 
Prominent among those who have earned 
enviable reputations for themselves, and 
whose worth the people of the city have 
seen fit to acknowledge by conferring on 
them positions of honor and trust, is Ray 
Burdick Smith, of Syracuse. 

The particular Smith family from 
which he is descended originally came 
to this country from Germany, where the 
name was spelled Schmidt, and has been 
changed to its present form in the course 
of years. Henry Smith (Schmidt), great- 
grandfather of Ray Burdick Smith, came 
to America in the latter part of the 
eighteenth century, and settled near Hud- 
son in Columbia county, New York. He 
moved to the town of Cuyler, Cortland 
county, New York, at the time of the 
Holland Purchase, with a large family of 
children, of which William Henry Smith 
was one. William Henry Smith cleared 
and worked a farm in the town of Linck- 
lean, Chenango county, and a tannery in 
the adjoining town of Taylor in Cortland 
county. He raised a family of eleven 
children of whom Willis Smith, father of 
Ray Burdick Smith, was one. 

Willis Smith was a farmer in the town 
of Cuyler, Cortland county, and later re- 
moved with his family to Lincklean, Che- 
nango county. He married Emily Bur- 
dick, daughter of James and Martha 
(Maxon) Burdick. The founders of the 
Burdick and Maxon families were mem- 



bers of the Roger Williams colony, and 
settled in what is now the State of Rhode 
Island. They have remained to this day 
"Separatists", or Seventh Day Baptists, 
and Ray Burdick Smith still clings to this 
faith, although he is a member of the 
First (Dutch) Reformed Church of Syra- 
cuse. 

Ray Burdick Smith was born in Cuy- 
ler, Cortland county, New York, Decem- 
ber II, 1867, and was a young child when 
his parents removed to the town of Linck- 
lean, Chenango county, in the same State. 
There he received his earlier education in 
the country district school, later becom- 
ing a pupil at the DeRuyter Academy 
and Cazenovia Seminary, from which he 
was graduated in the class of 1886, and 
was awarded the Wendell Scholarship for 
having maintained the highest standing 
in the class. In the fall of that year he 
matriculated at Syracuse University, re- 
mained there one year, then entered Yale 
University, from which he was graduated 
with distinction in the class of 1891, with 
the degree of Bachelor of Arts, and mem- 
bership in the Phi Beta Kappa Society. 
He achieved prominence in Yale both as 
a prize speaker and writer. He was a 
successful competitor for the John A. 
Porter Prize Essay, being the second un- 
dergraduate to win it after its foundation 
in 1870. The "Yale Literary Magazine" 
was in excellent standing during the time 
time he was one of its editors and its 
manager, and as a member of the Psi 
Upsilon and Chi Delta Theta fraternities 
he was held in high esteem. 

Mr. Smith commenced the study of law 
in the latter part of 1891, in the Law 
School of Cornell University, devoting 
himself so earnestly to this that he prac- 
tically completed a two years' course in 
one year, one of his instructors having 
been Justice Charles E. Hughes. Taking 
up his residence in the city of Syracuse, 



188 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



he completed his law studies in the office 
of Waters, McLennan & Waters, was 
admitted to the bar in 1893, and at once 
opened offices in association with Thomas 
Woods under the firm name of Woods & 
Smith, which was later changed to 
Thomson, Woods & Smith, which part- 
nership continued until 191 1. 

In 1894, when the Constitutional Con- 
vention opened, Mr. Smith was appointed 
clerk of the cities committee of that body, 
and in this capacity drafted and advo- 
cated the constitutional provision which 
requires every bill for a special city law 
passed by the Legislature to be sent to 
the mayor of the city, and returned to 
the Legislature or Governor within fifteen 
days, with a certification as to whether 
or not the city has accepted it. This was 
one of the most important publicity pro- 
visions of the present constitution, giving 
to cities the right to a voice in measures 
in which they are directly concerned. In 
the Legislatures of 1894 and 1895, Mr. 
Smith was clerk of the committee on 
general laws of the Senate. He was 
elected supervisor of the Fourteenth, now 
the Seventeenth, ward of the city of 
Syracuse, in 1895, and was the incumbent 
of this office for a period of four years. 
He was chairman of the committee which 
had charge of the construction of the new 
Onondaga County Penitentiary, a struc- 
ture which has repeatedly been com- 
mended by the State Prison Commission, 
and is regarded as a model of its kind. 

Mr. Smith was appointed assistant 
clerk of the Assembly in 1898, holding 
this office until his election as clerk in 
1908. During his service as assistant 
clerk, he annually organized the clerical 
force of the house, and managed that 
work with consummate ability and suc- 
cess. For many years he has been recog- 
nized as one of the foremost parliamen- 
tarians of the State, and he so shaped the 



procedure of the Assembly as to expedite 
materially the work it is called upon to 
perform. He drafted an amendment ta 
the legislative law, providing for a system 
of original journals and documents which 
have, since their adoption, enabled the 
courts to save many thousands of dollars 
to the State. During the sixteen years 
he spent in Albany, he drafted practically 
every piece of legislation afifecting his 
own county of Onondaga, and succeeded 
in getting many laws passed of great 
benefit to this section and to the State at 
large. He was counsel for the commit- 
tees which revised the charter of second 
class cities and drew a proposed charter 
for the city of New York and his knowl- 
edge of constitutional law and wide ac- 
quaintance with municipal aft'airs were 
invaluable in these connections. One of 
the legislative achievements of which Mr. 
Smith may well be proud is the Syracuse 
lighting law, which protects the rights 
of the consumer of gas and electricity 
more effectively than any measure of its 
kind, and which was passed only after 
a hard fight. 

In 1910, when a Democratic Assembly 
was elected, Mr. Smith retired from 
active political life, and since that time 
has devoted himself exclusively to the 
practice of his profession, except that he 
was elected and served as a member of 
the Constitutional Convention of 1915, 
and was a prominent figure in that con- 
vention, notably in securing the adoption 
of several amendments proposed by him 
and in opposing other amendments in- 
cluding the form of submission which 
were instrumental in the rejection of the 
proposed revision of the constitution by 
the electors. 

During the recent years he has won a 

number of cases which have been of far 

reaching importance. In one of them — 

Tomaney against the Humphrey Gas. 

89 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Pump Company — the Appellate Division, 
Fourth Department, affirmed a judgment 
of twenty-five thousand dollars, given Mr. 
Smith's client by a jury. This was the 
largest verdict in a negligence action by 
the Fourth Department up to the present 
time (1915). In the fight in the courts 
against the telephone monoply in Syra- 
cuse, Mr. Smith has been a prominent 
figure, as he also was in securing legis- 
lation to relieve the towns of the burden 
of paying a proportion of the cost of the 
construction of county highways. 

In his own county Mr. Smith has been 
regarded for many years as influential 
in public affairs. He was elected a mem- 
ber of the Republican general committee 
of Onondaga county in 1895, and became 
the vice-chairman of this body in 1896. 
He was elected chairman in 1907, and 
acted in that capacity through two of the 
hardest municipal campaigns in the 
experience of the party, that of 1907, and 
that of 1909, in the latter of which Ed- 
ward Schoeneck succeeded in a four- 
cornered fight against one strong Demo- 
crat and two Independent Republican 
candidates. 

Mr. Smith is a member of the Citizens' 
and Masonic clubs of Syracuse ; the Al- 
bany Club of Albany; the Republican 
Club of New York City; he is a thirty- 
second degree Mason, and a member of 
the Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of the 
Mystic Shrine, of Utica ; Syracuse Lodge, 
No. 31, Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks ; Westminster Lodge, Independ- 
ent Order of Odd Fellows ; De Kanissora 
Tribe, Improved Order of Red Men ; 
Independent Order of Foresters; the 
Onondaga County Bar Association, and 
State Bar Association. 

Mr. Smith married, in 1891, Nellie 
King Reilay, of Syracuse, and they have 
one child : Willis King, born September 
II, 1892. 



VANN, Irving Goodwin, 

Lawyer, Jurist. 

If '"biography is the home aspect of 
history," it is entirely within the province 
of true history to accumulate and per- 
petuate the lives and characters, the 
achievements and honors of the illus- 
trious sons of the nation, and when the 
history of New York and her public men 
shall have been written its pages will 
bear few more illustrious names or record 
few more distinguished careers than that 
of Judge Irving Goodwin Vann, of Syra- 
cuse. Whatever else may be said of the 
legal fraternity, it cannot be denied that 
members of the bar have been more 
prominent factors in public affairs than 
any other class in the community. This 
is but the natural result of causes which 
are manifest and require no explanation. 
The ability and training which qualify 
one to practice law also qualify him in 
many respects for duties which lie out- 
side the strict path of his profession and 
which touch the general interests of soci- 
ety. The keen discernment and the habits 
of logical reasoning and arriving at accur- 
ate deductions so necessary to the suc- 
cessful lawyer enable him to view cor- 
rectly important public questions and to 
manage intricate business affairs suc- 
cessfully. Not only has Judge Vann at- 
tained an eminent position in connection 
with his chosen calling, but also in public 
office. His marked intellectuality and 
fitness for leadership led to his selection 
again and again for public honors. He is 
a man remarkable in the breadth of his 
wisdom, in his indomitable perseverance 
and his strong individuality. 

On both sides of the family his lineage 
is an ancient one. Samuel Vann, his 
great-grandfather, was born in New Jer- 
sey, and served with bravery as a lieuten- 
ant in the War of the Revolution ; his 



190 



EiNXYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



son, also Samuel Vann, died in 1878, at 
the age of one hundred and six years. 
Samuel R. Vann, son of the second 
Samuel Vann, was a native of New Jer- 
sey, and followed agricultural pursuits. 
The greater part of his life was spent in 
Ulysses, New York, where he died in 
1872. He married Catherine H. Goodwin, 
a daughter of Joseph Goodwin, who 
served actively in the War of 1812; a 
granddaughter of Richard Goodwin, who 
was born in Pennsylvania, and, early in 
the nineteenth century, settled at Good- 
win's Point, near Taughannock Falls, on 
Cayuga Lake ; and great-granddaughter 
of Richard Goodwin, a native of New 
England. 

Judge Irving Goodwin Vann, son of 
Samuel R. and Catherine H. (Goodwin) 
Vann, was born in Ulysses, Tompkins 
county. New York, January 3, 1842, and 
his early years were spent on the farm 
of his father in that town. He was pre- 
pared for entrance to college at Tru- 
mansburg and Ithaca academies, matricu- 
lated at Yale College in September, 1859, 
entering the freshman class, and was 
graduated in the class of 1863. He en- 
gaged in the profession of teaching for 
a time, and in 1864 was principal of the 
Pleasant Valley High School, near 
Owensboro, Kentucky, from which posi- 
tion he resigned in order to devote him- 
self to his legal studies. He commenced 
these studies in the office of Boardman 
(S; Finch, of Ithaca, continuing them at the 
Albany Law School, from which he was 
graduated early in 1865. Following his 
graduation he served as a clerk in the 
Treasury Department at Washington, 
District of Columbia, for some months, 
and in October, 1865, took up his resi- 
dence in Syracuse, New York, with 
which city his career was identified from 
that time. A limited period of time was 
spent as clerk in the office of Raynor & 



Butler, and he established himself in 
independent practice in March, 1866. The 
firms with which he was successively 
identified are : Vann & Fiske, Raynor & 
Vann, Fuller & Vann, and Vann, Mc- 
Lennan & Dillaye. His reputation as a 
lawyer of tact, ability and undoubted 
learning was soon established. His prac- 
tice was mainly confined to cases in the 
Appellate Courts, although he was so 
frequently called upon to act as referee, 
that he was at last obliged to refuse work 
of this nature, owing to the mass of 
other legal work which had accumulated. 
The interest displayed by Judge Vann 
in the public affairs of the community 
was an unselfish and impartial one, but 
it was soon recognized and appreciated 
by the people of the city that he was a 
man to whom the conduct of public 
affairs could be safely entrusted. In 
February, 1879, he was elected mayor 
of Syracuse by a large Republican ma- 
jority, declining renomination at the end 
of his term because of the demands of his 
private practice. However, the citizens 
of Syracuse had had an opportunity to 
judge of his worth as a public official, 
and in 1881 he was elected a justice of 
the Supreme Court of the Fifth Judicial 
District, serving from January i, 1882, 
to January i, 1889. when Governor Hill 
appointed him a judge of the Court of 
Appeals, Second Division, as which he 
served during the entire existence of that 
tribunal, until October i, 1892, when he 
resumed the duties of justice of the Su- 
preme Court. In November, 1895, he 
was the nominee of both parties, and 
was reelected a justice of the Supreme 
Court, assuming his duties January i, 
1896, and resigning them January 7, 1896, 
in order to assume the duties of a judge 
of the Court of Appeals, to which Gov- 
ernor Morton had appointed him on 
January 6, to succeed Judge Rufus W. 



191 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Peckham, who had resigned in order to 
take up his work as a judge of the Su- 
preme Court of the United States. In 
November, 1896, Judge Vann was elected 
a judge of the Court of Appeals by the 
largest majority ever received at a State 
election in New York, his term to cover 
from January i, 1897, to December 31, 
1910. In the fall of 1910 he was re- 
elected, having been nominated by both 
the leading political parties, for the full 
term of fourteen years, but on reaching 
the age of seventy he retired on the first 
of January, 1913, owing to the age limit 
of the constitution. In 1882 Hamilton 
College conferred upon him the honor- 
ary degree of Doctor of Laws and the 
same degree was conferred by Syracuse 
University in 1897, and by Yale Univer- 
sity in 1898. He has been a law lecturer 
in Cornell, Syracuse and Albany Law 
schools. He was the organizer of Wood- 
lawn Cemetery, and has served continu- 
ously as its president. He was one of the 
founders, and for several years president, 
of the Century Club, and was president 
of the Onondaga Red Cross Society since 
its organization. For many years he has 
visited the Adirondacks, where he owns a 
handsome, well appointed cottage, which 
he had erected on Buck Island, in Cran- 
berry Lake. There he houses his splen- 
did collection of fire arms and weapons 
of varied character, many of them of 
decided historical and scientific interest. 
Always an enthusiastic hunter and 
fisherman, Judge \'ann in earlier years 
was also fond of camping. In his beau- 
tiful city home are collections of another 
sort, notably that of a fine and extensive 
library, in which may be found many 
volumes of almost priceless worth. Phil- 
anthropic projects of varied character 
and scope have always received a more 
than fair share of his time and attention, 
and his charities are wide and diversified. 



Judge Vann married, October 11, 1870, 
Florence Dillaye, only daughter of the 
late Henry A. Dillaye, of Syracuse. To 
this union there have been born : Flor- 
ence Dillaye, July 31, 1871, who married 
Albert P. Fowler, a member of the law 
firm of Fowler, Vann & Paine ; Irving 
Dillaye, a member of the above mentioned 
firm, who was born September i", 1875. 



BRAYTON, Warren C, 

Financier, Enterprising Citizen. 

When, in the course of a few years, the 
scope of a business grows from a moder- 
ate beginning to a large amount annually, 
it argues that there must be a very cap- 
able leading spirit in control of its affairs, 
and it is of such a man, Warren C. Bray- 
ton, of Syracuse, New York, that this 
sketch treats. Faithfulness to duty and 
strict adherence to a fixed purpose in life 
will do more to advance a man's interests 
than wealth, influence or advantageous 
circumstances. The successful men of 
the day are those who have planned their 
own advancement and have accomplished 
it in spite of many obstacles, and at the 
same time with a certainty that may only 
be acquired through their own efforts. 
Of this class of men, Mr. Brayton is an 
excellent representative. 

EH C. Brayton, his father, was born 
in Washington county, New Y'ork, in 
1814, and died in Syracuse, New York, 
in 1895. He was of English descent, and 
engaged in agricultural pursuits through- 
out the active years of his life. He mar- 
ried Maria Barrell, also a native of 
Washington county. New York. She 
died in Syracuse, New York, in 1893. 
Their two children were Warren C. 
Brayton and Pierce B. Brayton. Pierce 
B. Brayton was a resident of Syracuse 
for many years and well known. Later 
on, he took up his residence in Geneva, 
Nebraska. He passed away in 1907. 



192 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Warren C. Brayton was born in Hart- 
ford, Washington county, New York, 
February 5, 1840, and there acquired his 
education in the district schools. Brought 
up on the farm, he assisted his father in 
its cultivation, at the same time acquiring 
a great deal of experience in this line 
which was to be of assistance to him later 
on. However, farm labors were not great- 
ly to the taste of Mr. Brayton, and July 
9, 1857, found him in Syracuse, whither 
he had come in order to find more con- 
genial employment. He opened a rail- 
road ticket office as the agent of the Lake 
Shore & Michigan Southern Railroad 
Company, and several other lines, and in 
1865 was joined in this enterprise by his 
brother. Their unfailing courtesy and 
unflagging interest in behalf of the travel- 
ing public brought them a very large 
business. They succeeded particularly in 
obtaining a large share of the western 
travel. This agency was conducted suc- 
cessfully for more than a quarter of a 
century. When the New York Central, 
Lake Shore & Michigan Southern de- 
creased the number of emigrant trains, 
as travel to the west diminished, the 
receipts of Messrs. Brayton Brothers 
suffered in proportion and Mr. Warren 
C. Brayton accepted the position of dis- 
trict passenger agent of the Lake Shore 
& Michigan Southern railroad. He was 
also affiliated with the passenger depart- 
ment of the West Shore road, which was 
then completed and had just gone into 
operation. When the West Shore be- 
came a part of the New York Central 
system, he became general agent for the 
passenger department of the Delaware, 
Lackawanna & Western railroad, and 
was instrumental in building up a large 
passenger business for this railroad. His 
previous connections with other lines 
made him one of the best known men in 
Central New York. 
N Y-Voi iv-1.1 



Mr. Brayton had long cherished cer- 
tain theories and ideas on farming gen- 
erally and the breeding of cattle prin- 
cipally, and in the meantime acquired a 
farm of two hundred and fifty acres in 
the town of DeWitt. In 1878 he estab- 
lished this property as an experimental 
farm, giving it close attention and con- 
ducting it on a rather scientific plan, and 
he achieved a success well known to his 
neighbors in that vicinity at the time. 
To this farm came the first students in 
charge of Professor I. T. Roberts from 
the nevvf established agricultural depart- 
ment at Cornell University. Mr. Bray- 
ton's methods had attracted considerable 
attention ; consequently, there was a 
great deal of interest when the univer- 
sity recognized this experimental farm. 
It might be added that this was chiefly 
due to the plans made by Mr. Brayton to 
improve the milk production of the 
native cattle. Mr. Brayton contended 
that the Holstein cattle were the best 
milch cows. This was not admitted at 
the tim£ but has since been conceded. 
Mr. Brayton was one of the promoters 
of the Holstein-Friesian Breeders Asso- 
ciation. Mr. Brayton was treasurer of 
this association for a great many years 
and is still a member and takes an active 
interest in the work. About this time, 
the farmers had a great deal of difficulty 
in disposing of the milk. Mr. Brayton, 
in conjunction with others, founded the 
Onondaga County Milk Association, and 
which was to be a great force in the 
profitable marketing of milk, the improv- 
ing of the quality and the establishing of 
standards. 

In 1878, Mr. Brayton, acting with 
Austin B. Avery, Cyrus D. Avery, John 
\\'ells and others, promoted the Onon- 
daga County Fair. The idea was devel- 
oped while these gentlemen were return- 
mg from the Fulton County Fair. They 

193 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



encountered considerable difficulty at 
first, especially in financing the project, 
and at one time it appeared as if the 
project might fall through because of the 
finances. Then Mr. Brayton became 
treasurer and was actually responsible for 
the financing of the association that put 
the idea through. The first fair was a 
splendid success in spite of the many pre- 
dictions that it would be a failure. The 
success of the Onondaga County Fair 
here made possible the bringing to Syra- 
cuse of the State Fair as it is known to- 
day. 

In 1902 Mr. Brayton was offered the 
position of general manager of the Kemp 
& Burpee Manufacturing Company. He 
accepted it, and resigned his office with 
the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western 
railroad, a position which he had held 
for a long time. In the meanwhile he 
had retired from farming after achiev- 
ing a splendid success. The Kemp & 
Burpee Manufacturing Company was 
established and incorporated in 1878 on a 
small scale and commenced the manu- 
facture of a fertilizer spreader, the first 
implement of this kind ever put on the 
market. This company had many re- 
verses at first and considerable difficulty 
in protecting their patents. Shortly after 
Mr. Brayton assumed charge of this com- 
pany's affairs, they began to prosper. 
He guided the company through some 
particularly trying times and later on 
through a very successful era. In the 
meanwhile he became president of the 
company; put into effect his systematic 
management and progressive methods, 
and so increased the demand for the out- 
put of the concern that the means of 
supplying the demand were taxed to the 
fullest extent. New factory buildings 
were erected and also a large office build- 
ing. It is the opinion of competent 
farmers that this machine is one of the 



most important ever invented for agri- 
cultural purposes. It affords a means of 
rapidly restoring the richness to soil 
which has become impoverished by the 
constant production of crops. Thus, 
through very fine ability, Mr. Brayton 
achieved one of his greatest successes. 
Kemip & Burpee Manufacturing Com- 
pany, together with its foundry and its 
Canadian plant, finally became part of 
Deere & Company, Moline, Illinois. 

After the purchase of the Kemp & 
Burpee Manufacturing Company and its 
kindred interests by the "Deere" syndi- 
cate, Mr. Brayton retired from active 
business, giving some time, however, to 
other corporations on whose board of 
directors he was serving and devoted 
himself to the Industrial Building which 
he built in 1889. This was a six-story 
building of improved construction and 
made suitable for light manufacturing. 
This building has housed a great many 
industries in their infancy and at the 
present time is occupied by several who 
require all of the facilities of a large plant 
but do not require as much room. 

In 1910 Mr. Brayton was impressed 
with the need in Syracuse, New York, for 
additional banking facilities. He, to- 
gether with others, organized the City 
Bank. Mr. Brayton was the first vice- 
president and at the present time he is 
president of the institution. The success 
of this bank from the start is well known. 
It is seldom that a new banking institu- 
tion attains so much success in such a 
short time. It is not to be wondered at, 
however, when one considers that a group 
of men who have been successful in their 
individual lines of business are behind an 
undertaking of this kind. The City Bank 
commenced with a capital of $200,000, 
rapidly accumulating a surplus, and later 
the capital stock was increased to half a 
million. This amount, together with the 
194 




aT- <;7^^t.^^L^f^^ 




ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



surplus, gives Syracuse a bank with 
assets of over three-quarters of a million 
dollars. As president of this bank, Mr. 
Brayton has given a great deal of time to 
the working out of the success of its 
policies. 

In politics, Mr. Brayton has been a life- 
long Republican, a force in the party, but 
he has never held public office. He pre- 
fers the quiet methods and is rarely found 
in the activities of a political campaign 
although his advice is sought and his 
opinion carries a great deal of weight. 
His religious membership is with the 
Alay Memorial Unitarian Church, in 
whose interest both he and his wife have 
been most active and helpful workers. 
Their beautiful home is at No. 509 West 
Onondaga street, on grounds purchased 
by Mr. Brayton in 1883. 

Mr. Brayton married, February 15, 
1865, Harriet Elizabeth Duncan, who 
died June 17, 1914, after forty-nine years 
of married life. Their children are : 
Alice M., who passed away in 1875 ; Lieu- 
tenant Clarence E., who died in the Span- 
ish-American War; Mildred E., married 
to Floyd R. Todd, of Moline, Illinois ; 
and Helen Josephine, married to Harry 
F. Butler, of Buffalo, New York, now a 
resident of Syracuse. 

Mr. Brayton is filled with civic pride 
for Syracuse ; has worked hard for its 
success as a manufacturing center and is 
keenly interested in its beauty and its 
efficient city government. There are in 
Syracuse to-day few men better known 
and who enjoy a greater reputation for 
judgment, foresight and integrity than 
Warren C. Brayton. 



FRENCH, Edmund Leavenworth, 

Chemist, Mannfactnrer. 

From various strains of New England 
ancestry, Mr. French has derived the 
qualities of perseverance, industry and 



fine discrimination which have brought 
to him success in the business world. 
His American progenitor was Stephen 
French, who was made a freeman, May 
14, 1634, in Dorchester, Massachusetts, 
was representative in 1638, and died in 
July, 1679. His wife Mary died April 6, 
1655. He had a second wife who died 
in 1657. His son, Stephen French, 
resided in Weymouth, Massachusetts, 
where he married, January 19, 1660, Han- 
nah Whitman, born August 24, 1641, 
daughter of Jonathan Whitman. Their 
second son, Samuel French, was born 
May 5, 1668, in Weymouth, and settled 
in Stratford, now Bridgeport, Connec- 
ticut, about 1694, becoming prominent as 
a public officer, sergeant in the Colonial 
militia, received in the church in March, 
1698, and died in 1732. He married, 
about 1696, Abigail, daughter of Richard 
Hubbell, who came from Wales and re- 
sided in New Haven and Fairfield, Con- 
necticut. They were the parents of 
Samuel (2) French, born about 1697, 
who married Mary, daughter of Benja- 
min and Rebecca (Phippeny) Sherman, 
born February 24, 1697. Their son, 
Samuel (3) French, born about 1717, 
married, June 2, 1736, Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Nehemiah Loring, and widow of 
Samuel Clark. They were the parents 
of Samuel (4) French, born March 9, 
1739, in Stratford, settled in Amenia, 
Dutchess county, New York, about 1773. 
With his son, Samuel French, and a con- 
siderable colony of Stratford people, he 
was instrumental in establishing the 
colony of Manchester in Vermont. They 
were ardent churchmen and officers in 
the Episcopal church, and although Ben- 
nington and Manchester furnished many 
intensely loyal men to the Revolution the 
Frenches undoubtedly were reluctant to 
show open hostility to the English cause 
and church, as none of the line appears to 

195 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



have served with the Revolutionary army. 
Joshua French, son of Samuel (5) French, 
left Vermont with his son, Rev. Mans- 
field French, in 1836, and settled near Mt. 
Vernon, Ohio. Rev. Mansfield French 
was appointed hospital chaplain of United 
States Volunteers, July 10, 1862 ; accepted 
the appointment, July 29, 1862 ; was sta- 
tioned at Beaufort, North Carolina, New 
York City, and Washington, D. C, and 
was honorably discharged on August 4, 
1865. The records of the adjutant-gen- 
eral's office at Washington also show that 
he was again mustered into the United 
States service, October 28, 1865, at Wash- 
ington, as chaplain of the One Hundred 
and Thirty-sixth Regiment, United States 
Colored Infantry, and served on duty in 
the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and 
Abandoned Lands at New York City, 
Charleston, South Carolina, and Wash- 
ington, D. C, until honorably discharged 
as chaplain, January i, 1868, on account 
of his services being no longer required. 
For the succeeding two months, however, 
January i to February 29, 1868, he served 
as civilian agent of the Bureau of 
Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned 
Lands in South Carolina. He left the 
Episcopal church for the more liberal 
Methodist church and became a circuit 
rider, evangelist and educator, prominent 
in the early history of Ohio. He was 
interested in the founding of Kenyon 
College, Marietta College and Wilber- 
force College. Later, becoming an 
ardent Abolitionist, he wrote and spoke 
in that cause. He spent considerable 
time in Washington and frequently 
talked with President Lincoln, endeavor- 
ing to convince him that he as President 
was called of God to free the slaves. On 
the paternal side Mr. French is descended 
from Elijah Rose, a soldier of the Revo- 
lution and member of Colonel Moseley's 
regiment from Granville, Massachusetts. 



On the maternal side Mr. French is de- 
scended from many families notable in 
Colonial history. Among these is the 
Brewster family, the line going back to 
Rev. Nathaniel Brewster, a graduate in 
the first class of Harvard College, and, 
according to family tradition, a grandson 
of Elder William Brewster of the "May- 
flower." Mr. French's mother was Eliza- 
beth Hull Smith, a direct descendant of 
Captain Isaac Smith, a Revolutionary 
officer of Derby, Connecticut, whose son, 
Isaac, Jr., at the age of sixteen years, with 
his mother, Elizabeth Hull Smith, rend- 
ered signal service in saving the stores 
of the Continental army from the British. 
His mother was also directly descended 
from the Revolutionary officer, Captain 
Joseph Hull, grandfather of Commodore 
Isaac Hull of the United States frigate 
"Constitution," and father of General 
William Hull of the War of 1812. Mr. 
French is descended from Captain Gideon 
Leavenworth who, with his four sons, 
served in the Revolution, the youngest 
son, Edmund Leavenworth, great-great- 
grandfather of Mr. French, and for whom 
he is named, having entered the service 
as his father's camp servant at the age 
of eleven years. Mr. French is descended 
on his mother's side from Colonel Ebe- 
nezer Johnson, who served valiantly in 
the Indian and Colonial wars ; from Roger 
Ludlow, a Colonial lieutenant-governor 
of Connecticut ; from Stephen Hopkins, 
a "Mayflower" pilgrim ; from John Bron- 
son, a soldier of the Pequot Indian War; 
from Isaac Johnson, a Revolutionary 
soldier of Derby, Connecticut; from Ser- 
geant Edward Riggs, an officer in the 
Pequot War, and father of Captain 
Samuel Riggs, a Colonial officer; from 
Abraham Bassett, a Revolutionary soldier 
from. Derby, Connecticut ; from Obadiah 
Wheeler, a lieutenant in the Colonial 
forces at Milford, Connecticut ; from 
96 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Thomas Clark, mate of the "Mayflower;" 
from Ensign Martin Winchell, of Wind- 
sor, Connecticut, a Colonial and Revolu- 
tionary soldier; and from Captain Wil- 
liam French, founder of a separate family 
of that name, who came to America in 
the ship "Defence" in 1635 and settled at 
Billerica, Massachusetts. 

Edmund Leavenworth French was 
born October 12, 1870, in New York City, 
and was eight years of age when he re- 
moved to Syracuse, where his home has 
been down to the present time. He at- 
tended the public schools of that city, 
graduating from the high school in 1888, 
and entered Syracuse University with 
the class of 1892, becoming a member of 
the Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity. He 
spent two years, 1891 to 1893, at the 
Royal Schools of Mines, Freiberg, Saxony, 
Germany, making a special study of the 
metallurgy and chemistry of iron and 
steel. On his return to Syracuse he took 
the first employment ofifered, which was 
in newspaper work, and spent four years 
successively as a proofreader on the Syra- 
cuse "Journal," reporter on the Syracuse 
"Post," and telegraph editor and assist- 
ant city editor of the Syracuse "Stand- 
ard." He was also Syracuse correspond- 
ent for the New York "Sun," and gave 
promise of a brilliant career in journal- 
ism. In 1897 an opportunity offered to 
engaged in the profession for which he 
had fitted himself in study abroad, and 
he became chemist for the Sanderson 
Brothers Steel Company of Syracuse, 
with which he continued for several 
years. In 1902 he was made manager of 
the experimental department of the 
Crucible Steel Company of America, and 
three years later became sales manager 
of the same corporation, in its Syracuse 
branch. The Sanderson Brothers Works 
had become a part of the Crucible Steel 
Company of America, and in 1908 Mr. 



French was made manager of this estab- 
lishment, becoming a director of the 
Crucible Steel Company of America in 
191 5. Thus, in a period of eighteen 
years, he rose from a comparatively sub- 
ordinate position in the steel manufac- 
ture to one of considerable prominence 
and responsibility. Fie is interested in 
other business interests in Syracuse, in- 
cluding the Trust & Deposit Company of 
Onondaga, of which he is a director; is 
president of the Orange Publishing Com- 
pany and a director of the Railway Roller 
Bearing Company of Syracuse. In 1914, 
in recognition of his work in metallurgy, 
he received from Syracuse University the 
degree of Doctor of Science. For two 
years, 1914 and 1915, he was a member of 
the Iron and Steel Standards committee of 
the Society of Automobile Engineers, and 
has been actively identified with various 
important advances in the art of steel 
making, especially in connection with 
special steels for automobile purposes. 
Mr. French is identified with numerous 
clubs and social organizations, including 
the University Club, of Syracuse ; is vice- 
president of the Technology Club of that 
city; director of the Onondaga Country 
Club ; trustee of Syracuse University, be- 
ing secretary of the executive committee 
of the board ; a member of the Iron and 
Steel Institute of Great Britain, and hon- 
orary member of Phi Beta Kappa, Syra- 
cuse. He is a member of the Sons of the 
American Revolution ; of the Citizens' 
Club of Syracuse ; Central City Lodge, 
No. 305, Free and Accepted Masons; 
Chamber of Commerce ; member of the 
official board of the First Methodist 
Episcopal Church of that city ; Hunting 
and Fishing Club of the Nine Lakes 
(Northern Quebec), and a charter mem- 
ber of the Billy Sunday Business Men's 
Club of Syracuse. His greatest pleasure 
and recreation are found in fishing, and 

97 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



every summer he visits Canada to indulge 
in his favorite sport. He is an expert fly 
fisherman, and does not indulge in any 
other form of this sport. He has a sum- 
mer residence at TuIIy Lake Park, New 
York. 

He married. September 23, 1896, 
Frances Cooper Smith, of Oswego, and 
they have children : Grace Mansfield, 
born 1897; Helen Cooper, 1899; Frances 
Elizabeth, igoo; Sarah Douglas, 1910; 
Edmund Leavenworth, Jr., 1912. 



ESTABROOK, Henry Dodge, 

Lawyer. 

Henry Dodge Estabrook brings to the 
practice of his profession a judicial mind, 
well cultivated, and with faculties inher- 
ited from worthy ancestors, whose name 
he has honored. The name of Estabrook 
is an old one in this country, coming 
from Middlesex county, England, to New 
England, in 1660. Joseph Estabrook, the 
founder of the family, entered Harvard 
College immediately after his arrival in 
New England, and graduated in 1664. 
Soon afterward he was ordained as a 
colleague of Rev. Edward Bulkeley, of 
Concord, Massachusetts, whom he suc- 
ceeded on the latter's death, in 1696. He 
continued pastor until his death, Septem- 
ber 16, 171 1. Such was his character as 
a plain, remarkable and persuasive 
preacher, and a kind friend of his flock, 
that he was generally known as "The 
Apostle." He refused invitations to pre- 
side over churches in Boston and else- 
where, his only outside service being 
that of chaplain of the Massachusetts 
Legislature. He married, May 20, 1668, 
at Watertown, Mary, daughter of Cap- 
tain Hugh Mason, the Indian fighter, and 
his wife Esther. She was born December 
18, 1640. and was the mother of six chil- 
dren. The third son, Samuel Estabrook, 



born June 7, 1764, in Concord, graduated 
from Harvard College in 1696, was assist- 
ant to his father, and was ordained first 
pastor of the church at Canterbury, Con- 
necticut, June 13, 171 1, and there served 
until his death, June 26, 1727. In 1718 
he preached the election sermon before 
the Massachusetts Legislature. He mar- 
ried, March 3, 1713, Rebecca Hobart 
(same family as Hubbard), daughter of 
Rev. Nehemiah and Sarah (Jackson) 
Hobart, of Newton, Massachusetts, 
granddaughter of Rev. Peter Hobart, of 
Hingham. She survived him six months. 
Their eldest child, Nehemiah Estabrook, 
born April i, 171 5, in Canterbury, owned 
a farm near Mansfield Center, Connecti- 
cut, where he was deacon of the church 
and prominent in civil afifairs. After 1770 
he removed to Lebanon, New Hampshire. 
He married (second) October 18, 1744, 
Abigail, daughter of Deacon Experience 
Porter. She died at Mansfield, December 
7, 1770. Their second son, Experience 
Estabrook, was born June 3, 1751, in 
Mansfield, graduated from Dartmouth 
College in 1776, and received the degree 
of Doctor of Divinity. For several years 
he labored as a Congregational clergy- 
man in Western New York, and was sub- 
sequently successively pastor at Thorn- 
ton, Francestown and Meriden, New 
Hampshire, and died at Bath, in that 
State, in February, 1799. He married 
Jedidah Willey, of a New Hampshire 
family. Their eldest son, Seth Willey 
Estabrook, born 1785, was a farmer and 
miller in Alden, Erie county, New York, 
where he died in 1840. He married, April 
19, 1812, at Lebanon, New Hampshire, 
Hannah, daughter of Moses and Hannah 
(Alden) Hebard, a descendant of John 
Alden of the "Mayflower." The town of 
Alden in New York was named for Han- 
nah Alden. The eldest son of Seth W. 
Estabrook, Experience, was born April 



198 



EXCVCLOPEUIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



30, 1S13, in Lebanon, read law in Buffalo, 
New York, and graduated from the law 
school of Marshall College in 1839. In 
1840 he began to practice law in Geneva, 
Wisconsin, and he was a delegate to the 
Second Constitutional Convention which 
framed the organic law under which that 
State was admitted to the Union in 1848. 
In 185 1 he was a representative in the 
State Legislature, and was Attorney- 
General of the State in 1852. Soon after 
he removed to the territory of Nebraska, 
where he was United States District 
Attorney from 1854 to 1859, and was a 
leading lawyer of Omaha until his death. 
He married, April 15, 1844, in the town 
of Walworth, Walworth county, Wis- 
consin, Caroline Augusta Maxwell, 
daughter of Colonel James Maxwell, born 
August 17, 1823, in Tioga, Pennsylvania. 
Their daughter, Caroline Augusta Esta- 
brook, became the wife of Robert C. 
Clowry, long identified with the Western 
Union Telegraph Company in Omaha, 
later in Chicago, and finally president of 
the company, with headquarters in New 
York. The only son is the subject of the 
following biography. 

Henry Dodge Estabrook was born 
October 23, 1854, in Alden, New York, 
and was an infant when his parents 
settled in Omaha, Nebraska. There he 
was educated in the public schools, and 
graduated from the law department of 
Washington University in 1875. For 
twenty-one years thereafter he engaged 
in the practice of law at Omaha, and in 
1896 removed to Chicago, where he con- 
tinued in practice until 1902, as a member 
of the firm of Lowden, Estabrook & Davis, 
and then located in New York City, where 
after serving for many years as solicitor 
to the Western Union Telegraph Com- 
pany he became a member of the law 
firm of Noble, Estabrook & McHarg. 



Mr. Estabrook is a member of the New 
York State Bar Association, and the 
American Bar Association, and is iden- 
tified with numerous clubs, including the 
Union League, Lawyers, Lotos, Metro- 
politan, Republican, Automobile Club of 
America, Ardley and Sleepy Hollow. 
His affiliation with the Union League and 
Republican clubs plainly indicates his 
political association with the Republican 
party. His home is in Tarrytown, New 
York. 

He married, October 23, 1880, in 
Omaha, Clara Campbell, and they have 
a daughter, Blanche Deuel, born January 
I, 1 881, in Omaha, now the wife of Karl 
G. Roebling, of Trenton, New Jersey. 



RILL, Willard A., 

Lawyer, Public Official. 

A resident of Syracuse, New York, 
from his sixth year, a product of her 
public schools, a graduate from the law 
school of her great university, prominent 
in city politics and in fraternal life, Mr. 
Rill has for his adopted city all the love 
and devotion of a native son, for his 
memory recalls no other home. He is of 
French and German lineage, his French 
ancestor a soldier under Napoleon the 
Great, going down in defeat with his 
beloved commander at Waterloo. 

Willard A. Rill was born in Cicero, 
New York, June 17, 1874, son of Adrian 
L. and Christine (Snavlin) Rill, the 
former a school teacher, residents until 
1880 of Oswego county. New York. In 
that year the family located in Syracuse, 
where the son completed a course in the 
public schools, finishing at the high 
school. In 1896 he entered Columbia 
University, graduating with the class of 
1898, after which he took a post-graduate 
course at Syracuse University, a course 



199 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



l^ 



which he completed in 1899, graduating 
with the degree of Bachelor of Law. He 
was admitted to the Onondaga county 
bar in October, 1899, began and has since 
continued in general practice in Syra- 
cuse, his law business extending to all 
State and Federal courts of the district. 
Mr. Rill is a Republican in politics and 
has ever been active and influential in the 
local affairs of his party. In 1909 he was 
elected supervisor from the Nineteenth 
Ward of the city of Syracuse, and in 191 1 
was elected president of the Common 
Council, serving two terms, then refusing 
a third term. He has always given public 
affairs much of his time and the best of 
his ability. Since 191 1 he has been chair- 
man of the Republican County Commit- 
tee, but has steadfastly refused the many 
offers made to make him party candidate 
for different offices. He prefers to serve 
his party and city in private capacity, 
taking the just view that the interested, 
thoughtful private citizen is of greater 
value to the State than the office seeker, 
ever "with an ax to grind." Mr. Rill is 
a power in party councils and as chair- 
man of the county committee wields wide 
influence, influence used solely to further 
party interests, never for his own bene- 
fit. He is a past master of Central City 
Lodge, No. 305, Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons, holding the office of master during 
the year 1910, and by virtue of his office 
a member of the Grand Lodge of the 
State of New York, holding in that body 
membership on the committee on de- 
ceased brethren. In Scottish Rite Ma- 
sonry he has attained the thirty-second 
degree, belonging to Syracuse Con- 
sistory. 

In 1902 he married Lillian G. Draw- 
bridge, by which marriage he has two 
children: Elizabeth C, born September 
2, 1905, and Willard A., Jr., born August 
17. 1910. 



WARD, Brig.-Gen. Thomas, 

Army Officer, Military Inatmotor. 

After more than forty years of service 
in the United States army, which in- 
cluded the latter half of the Civil War, 
Brigadier-General Thomas Ward, now a 
resident of Rochester, New York, can 
look back over a lifetime of service to his 
country and devotion to the Stars and 
Stripes. He was born at West Point, 
New York, March 18, 1839. It is scarcely 
to be wondered at that one, reared m 
such an atmosphere and environment as 
that of West Point, and who reached his 
young manhood in such stirring times as 
the years immediately preceding the 
Civil War, should be fired by a patriotic 
zeal, and should decide upon a military 
career. His parents were Bryan and 
Eliza (Henry) Ward. Bryan Ward died 
in 1852, at the age of fifty-two years. He 
had been registrar of West Point Mili- 
tary Academy for many years, and was 
succeeded by his son William, who held 
the office for more than fifty years. Of 
his children we have on record : Lieu- 
tenant Matthew Henry Ward, a volun- 
teer in the Ninth Michigan Cavalry, who 
was promoted at the close of the war to 
the Second Regular Artillery, and died 
soon after the close of the war from a 
disease contracted while in service ; 
Philip W. Ward, enlisted, was with 
Burnside's Cavalry, and died at the close 
of the war from exposure and disease 
contracted on the field ; Bryan Ward, Jr., 
nursed his brother, Brigadier-General 
Thomas W^ard, through an attack of 
typhoid fever, contracted the disease, and 
died at the early age of sixteen years. 

Brigadier-General Thomas Ward re- 
ceived a thorough and careful prepara- 
tory education, then entered the United 
States Military Academy at West Point, 
from which he was graduated in 1863. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



He was commissioned second lieutenant 
of the First Regiment of Artillery, June 
II, 1863. For gallantry displayed at Cold 
Harbor he was brevetted first lieutenant, 
June 3, 1864; July 18, of the same year, 
he was promoted to a first lieutenancy; 
March 13, 1865, he was brevetted captain 
for gallant and meritorious service dur- 
ing the war, and was recommended, April 
27, 1866, by General James H. Wilson, his 
commanding general in the field, fcr tht 
brevet of major, "for bravery of the 
highest degree, zeal and good manage- 
ment, during the entire service with me 
and particularly during the rapid an 1 
exhausting marches and fights incidental 
to operations against the South Side and 
Danville railroad, known as 'Wilson's 
Raid,' June 21 to July i, 1864." In this 
connection the following quotation from 
the official records will be of interest: 
"Captain Ward was recommended for an 
additional brevet by his commanding 
general, for bravery, zeal and good man- 
agement during the rapid and exhausting 
marches and fights incidental to oper.- 
ations against the South Side and Dan- 
ville railroads, Virginia ;" but on account 
of a blunder the paper was filed in the 
War Department without further action 
at the time, and the error was only dis- 
covered by accident twenty-three years 
later, as the following correspondence 
will show. General Wilson received a 
letter from the Adjutant-General's Office, 
War Department, under date of March 
23, 1889, inviting his attention to the 
following endorsement: 

Wilmington, Delaware, April 27, 1866. 
Respectfully forwarded. I take pleasure in 
saying that the conduct of Captain Ward during 
his entire service with me and particularly during 
the rapid and exhausting marches and fights in- 
cidental to operations against the South Side and 
Danville railroads was in the highest degree 



commendable for bravery, zeal and good manage- 
ment. To my personal knowledge, the abandon- 
ment of his guns was entirely unavoidable and 
due to the utter exhaustion of his horses rather 
than to anything else whatever. 

I take pleasure in recommending him for the 
brevet of captain. 

(Signed) J. H. Wilson, 

Captain Engineers and 
Brevet Brigadier-General, U. S. A. 

Stockbridge, Wilmington, Delaware, 
March 24, 1889. 
My Dear Major: It gives me very great pleas- 
ure to say in reply to your letter of yesterday, 
that I of course intended to recommend you for 
the brevet of Major instead of Captain, when you 
actually held that rank in the line, and now I 
hasten to enclose a letter to the Adjutant General 
correcting as far as possible the blunder into 
which I fell in my endorsement of April 27, 1866. 
Regretting more than I can find words to ex- 
press, that I should have made such a palpable 
mistake, and that it was not discovered and cor- 
rected sooner, I am. 

Cordially your friend, 
(Signed) James H. Wilson. 

Wilmington, Del., March 24, 1889. 
To the Adjutant General, 

War Department, Washington, D. C. : 
Sir: Referring to a certain statement made by 
Major (then Captain) Thomas Ward in 1866 in 
regard to his military history, and also to my en- 
dorsement thereon, dated April 27, 1866, in which 
I recommended Captain Ward for the brevet of 
Captain in the United States Army, when he held 
at the time that rank in the Artillery, I beg to say 
that my intention was to recommend him for the 
brevet of Major and to request that this state- 
ment, in justice to Major Ward, who was a most 
gallant and meritorious officer, be filed with the 
original document now in the possession of your 
department. 

Deeply regretting that the obvious error has re- 
mained so long uncorrected and trusting that my 
request can be complied with, I have the honor 
to be. 

Very respectfully, 
Your obedient servant, 
(Signed) James H. Wilson, 
Late Major General Volunteers and 
Brevet Major General, U. S. A. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



War Department, 
Adjutant General's Office, 
April 13, 1889. 
The foregoing request of General Wilson has 
been complied with. His statement is to be filed 
with the original letter and Major Ward fur- 
nished an official copy. 

(Signed) R. C. Drum, 
Adjutant General. 

After the Civil War, General Ward, as 
an officer of the regular army, was 
stationed at various posts, the following 
instances being of sufficient interest to 
note: 

General Ward was in command of the 
battery encamped in Annunciation 
Square, New Orleans, Louisiana, from 
May ID to 20, 1873, suppressing political 
riots, and in garrison at Jackson Bar- 
racks, New Orleans, until July 7, 1873. 
November i, 1876, he was commissioned 
captain. He commanded Battery D, 
First Artillery, during the strikes and 
railroad riots from August i to 27, 1877, 
at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and at 
Reading, Pennsylvania, from August 28 
to October 24, of the sam,e year. He was 
promoted to major and assistant adjutant- 
general, June 28, 1884; lieutenant-colonel 
and assistant adjutant-general, August 
31, 1893; colonel and assistant adjutant- 
general, September 11, 1897; adjutant- 
general, headquarters of the army, Au- 
gust 25, 1900; brigadier-general, United 
States Army, July 22, 1902 ; and in June, 
1907, he was appointed president of the 
board of visitors to the United States 
Military Academy at West Point. 

In 1873-77 he was Professor of Military 
Science in Union College, Schenectady, 
New York, and that institution conferred 
on him the honorary degree of Master of 
Arts. He belongs to the Phi Beta Kappa 
and Sigma Phi Alpha college fraternities; 
member of the Loyal Legion and the 
Grand Army of the Republic ; Metro- 
politan Club, at Washington, D. C. ; Fort- 



nightly Club of Oswego; National Geo- 
graphical Society; Society of American 
Wars ; Genesee Valley Club ; and affiliated 
with the Masonic fraternity at Schenec- 
tady, while he was at Union College. 
He is very refined, quiet and unassuming 
in manner; of pleasing personality, and 
has won a large circle of loyal friends. 
He is of tall and commanding presence, 
well preserved, and has never used liquor 
of any kind. 

General Ward's record as a military 
man reflects credit on his native State. 
He was on duty at Vancouver Barracks, 
Washington, as adjutant-general of the 
Department of the Columbia from 1889 
to 1893, which included Alaska. During 
that time General Ward toured Alaska 
to Chilkat and took with him his two 
sons — -the elder, who is now Major Philip 
R. Ward, and Thomas, Jr. Next he was 
stationed as adjutant-general of the 
Department of the Columbia, with head- 
quarters at Denver, 1893-96. He was on 
General Hancock's stafif as captain, at 
Governor's Island, when Hancock ran for 
the office of President of the United 
States. At that time General Ward was 
inspector-general of the Department of 
the East, which took in the New England 
coast and as far west as Sault St. Marie, 
and as far south as Florida. He retired 
from military service in 1902, and after a 
short residence in Oswego, became a 
resident of Rochester, New York, where 
he has lived ever since. 

General Ward married, April 20, 1870, 
in Oswego, New York, Katherine L. 
Mott, born April 17, 1851. died November 
II, 1914. She was a daughter of Thomas 
S. Mott, one of the leading politicians of 
New York State in his day, the right 
hand man of Senator Conklin, and presi- 
dent of the First National Bank of 
Oswego. General and Mrs. Ward had 
children: Major Philip R., was gradu- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ated from West Point, and is now in the 
Coast Artillery, commanding Fort 
Preble ; Bessie De\^"olfe, married Edwin 
Allen Stebbins, of Rochester ; Katherine 
Mott, at home ; Thomas, Jr., midshipman 
in the United States Navy, of whom 
further; John Mott, now with Dr. Fitch, 
engaged in Red Cross work in France at 
the hospital at Yvetot ; two sons who 
died in childhood. 

Thomas Ward, Jr., was a worthy scion 
of his family, which has given so many 
brave men to the world. Pie was a hand- 
some young man, of fine military bearing, 
and would, no doubt, have added still 
more to the prestige of the family name 
had his career not been cut short at so 
early an age while in the brave discharge 
of his duty. Following are a few extracts 
and copies of letters telling graphicall) 
the story of his tragic death : 

From the "Saturday Globe," Utica, 
New York, April i6, 1904: 

The worst catastrophe in the recent history of 
the American Navy was that at Pensacola, Flor- 
ida, Wednesday, when five charges of smokeless 
powder exploded and killed thirty-three men, of 
whom five were officers, besides injuring five 
others, two of them fatally. A miracle alone pre- 
vented this accident in peaceful waters from 
paralleling the horror of war in Asiatic seas on 
the same day. Within a few feet of the second 
explosion was a magazine containing thousands 
of pounds of high explosives. Had this been 
ignited, the ship and her crew of six hundred 
would have gone to the bottom. This fortunate 
intervention of Providence and the heroic conduct 
of her commander. Captain William S. Cowles, 
are the two bright spots in the black record of 
destruction, though the noble actions of some of 
the other officers should not be overlooked. The 
after twelve-inch guns were being fired. Numerous 
shots had been fired and the left gun was being 
loaded, one section, two hundred pounds of 
powder, having been rammed home and the sec- 
ond section having cleared the hoisting car. At 
this instant a wind from off shore blew a portion 
of the flame from the muzzle back into the breech 
where the charge was being rammed home. This 
ignited the charge, there was an explosion and 



some of the burning stuff dropped into the han- 
dling room below, whose four charges were ready 
to be hoisted. These exploded. The flames were 
soon leaping from every portion of the turret, 
and the fumes from the powder overcame the 
men who sought to extinguish them. Meanwhile, 
terrible scenes were witnessed in the turret and 
in the handling room. * * * When the bodies 
were finally taken from the turret and the room 
below, they were perfectly nude, every strip of 
clothing having been burned off. They were 
hardly recognizable. The flesh hung from their 
bodies in strips and would drop off when touched. 
The twenty-five men of the turret were found 
lying in a heap just under the exit. Two separate 
explosions had occurred, which accounts for the 
position of the men. The first explosion in the 
turret did not cause any deaths, and every man 
started for the exit to get fresh air. They had 
just reached it when the second and more terrible 
explosion, directly beneath, sent the flames up 
through the exit through which they were en- 
deavoring to pass. * * * Thomas Ward, Jr., 
one of the officers killed by these explosions, was 
twenty-one years old, and was appointed to the 
Naval Academy at Annapolis, from Utica, New 
York. He was graduated a little more than a 
year ago, and when the Missouri went into com- 
mission, was placed on her as one of the officers. 

Navy Department, 
Bureau of Navigation, 
Washington, April 14, 1904. 
General Thomas Ward, U. S. Army, 
Oswego, N. Y. : 
The President directs me to convey to you his 
sympathy in your bereavement in the death of 
your son, while in the faithful discharge of his 
duty. 

Permit me at the same time to express my own 
sympathy and to assure you that you have that 
of the entire Navy. 

(Signed) William H. Moodv, 

Secretary. 

Navy Department. 
Washington, June 9, 1904. 
To Brigadier General Thomas Ward, 
United States Army: 
Sir : The Department is in receipt of a report 
from the commanding officer of the Missouri, 
referring to the accident in the after turret of 
the vessel on .A.pril 13th last, in which it is stated 
that J. W. McDade, ordinary seaman, the one 
living witness to the occurrence said in conver- 
sation with Midshipman Ward's messmates, that 



203 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



when the explosion took place he remembers 
Midshipman Ward rushed over to the door of 
the twelfth magazine in which he (McDade) was 
at the time and gave some order about the maga- 
zine, but what he said he could not hear and con- 
sequently he made no mention of it before the 
court. 

He further stated that at the instant the flame 
enveloped all and that young Ward fell and lost 
his life at the door of the magazine (see note). 

Upon further questioning by the commanding 
officer, McDade stated that while he remembered 
Midshipman Ward rushing over to the magazine 
door, he did not hear what he said. 

The letter concludes : 

Believing the Department should know every 
detail officially as to how those died who lost 
their lives at their posts of duty, this incident 
shows that Midshipman Ward was himself alive 
to the fact of the very great danger, rushed at 
once, closed the magazine door and saved the 
ship. 

I communicate this to you with sincere sympa- 
thy, believing that it will help to relieve your sor- 
row; to know your son's unhesitating faithful- 
ness to his duty at the cost of his life. 

A copy of this letter will be placed with Mid- 
shipman Ward's record in the Navy Department, 
and another copy will be sent to the Commander- 
in-Chief, North American Fleet, for publication 
to the fleet, and to be read on the quarter deck of 
the United States Ship Missouri at muster. 

I have the honor to remain, 

Your very respectfully, 
(Signed) Wiixiam H. Moodv, 
Secretary. 

In igio the class of 1903 placed in Ban- 
croft Hall, Annapolis, a tablet inscribed 
as follows; 

IN MEMORIAM 

To 

THOMAS WARD 

and 

WM. E. T. NEUMANN 

United States Navy 

Class of 1903 

They died April 13, 1904, as 

a Result of an Explosion 

in the after turret of 

the U. S. S. Missouri during 

record target practice 



while in the performance 

of duty. 

ERECTED 

BY THEIR CLASSMATES. 



NOTE. — The door of the magazine was so built 
as to open outward and downward to the floor, 
turning upon a hinge at the base. Young Ward 
undoubtedly threw the door up. as it was 
reported at the time that the fingers of the man 
saved in the magazine were injured as the door 
closed upon him. 



MERCER, Alfred, M. D., 

Physician, PMlanthropist. 

Alfred Alercer, M. D., late of Syracuse, 
New York, a son of William Mercer, who 
died in England in 1851, and his wife, 
Mary (Dobell) Mercer, who died in Eng- 
land in 1863, was born in High H^.lden, 
Kent, England, November 14, 1820, came 
to America with his parents in 1832. and 
died in his ninety-fourth year, at his resi- 
dence, No. 324 Montgomery street, Syra- 
cuse, New York, August 5, 1914. His 
parents were almost sixty years of age 
when they came to this country, were 
imbued with the English social and busi- 
ness habits, and the change to America 
proved too great for their comfort or 
enjoyment. They therefore returned to 
England the following spring, but believ- 
ing that this country ofifered better 
advantages than England for an am- 
bitious young man, they left their 
youngest son, Alfred, in America with an 
elder brother, who had already resided 
here several years. 

The youth spent two years at the 
Genesee Wesleyan Seminary, studied 
medicine in the office of Dr. John F. 
Whitbeck, in Lima, Livingston county, 
and was graduated from the Geneva 
Medical College in 1845. I" 1846 he 
visited his parents in England, and 
devoted a few months to the study of 
medicine and surgery in the hospitals of 
London and Paris. Returning to Amer- 
ica in 1847, he opened an office in Mil- 
204 





^ ^VUA 



UAj 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



waukee, Wisconsin, but in 1848 returned 
to this State and practiced in Livingston 
and Monroe counties until 1853, when he 
settled permanently in Syracuse, where 
he became one of the best known and 
most trusted physicians and surgeons in 
the Empire State. 

It was one of Dr. Mercer's pleasures 
to relate, and most entertainingly, his 



Dr. Mercer was a conscientious, kind 
and self-sacrificing practitioner and 
student, cheerfully doing no little of hi:3 
work without pecuniary reward. He was 
beloved by a host of patrons. He at- 
tended his first thousand cases of labor 
without losing a mother or child. He 
performed many of the major surgical 
operations before the days of asepsis 



early experiences. He traveled by boat with nearly, if not quite, as successful 



on the Erie canal when Syracuse was 
only a salt manufacturing locality. He 
spoke of the hardships which physicians 
of the early times were called upon to 
endure. Dr. Mercer was the first phy- 
sician in Central New York, in about 
i860, to recognize the value of, and to 
use, the microscope as an aid to his pro- 
fessional work. From 1864 to 1866 he 
was health officer of Syracuse. Upon the 
removal of the Geneva j\Iedical College 
to Syracuse, in 1872, when it became 



results as are attained to-day. He wrote 
and spoke often and vigorously and con- 
vincingly on questions of public health. 
He contributed his share in the struggle 
which resulted in bringing to Syracuse 
one of the best water supplies in the 
world, that from Skaneateles Lake. He 
responded with much painstaking to 
occasional requests to present addresses, 
historical and scientific, at anniversaries 
of medical societies or of the college. 
He also contributed papers to the 



a department of Syracuse University, he periodical literature of his profession. 



was made a member of the faculty, in 
which he long occupied the chaiV of 
Minor and Clinical Surgery. In the 
faculty he strongly advocated higher 
standards in medical education. Sub- 
sequently he was for many years Profes- 
sor of State Medicine and later Emeritus 
Professor of State Medicine, of which 
chair he was the incumbent at the time 
of his death. From its inception for many 
years he was acting surgeon, and later up 
to the time of his death consulting stir- 



When he had rounded out his nine- 
tieth year, a dinner was tendered him by 
the medical fraternity and citizens of 
Syracuse, at which they vied with each 
other to do honor to the man who had 
done so much for humanity and for the 
people of Syracuse in particular. Letters 
and messages came from near and far on 
this occasion. Appreciation of his work 
was thus heartily and lovingly shown. 
W'hen Dr. Mercer died, it appeared as if 
a personal loss had come to many a resi- 



geon, to the Hospital of the House of the dent in the city. The expressions of grief 
Good Shepherd. He was president of the were sincere and heartfelt. 



Syracuse Board of Health from 1882 to 
1889 and served as New York State Com- 
missioner of Health from 1884 to 1890. He 
was a member of both the American and 
British Medical associations. He was also 
a member of, and held various official posi- 
tions, in the New York State Medical Soci- 
ety, the Central New York Medical Asso- 
ciation, the Onondaga Medical Society, 
and the Syracuse Academy of Medicine. 



A hint as to the breadth of Dr. Mercer's 
thought and sympathies in politics and 
religion and his practical kindness of 
heart may be gleaned from the following 
provisions found in his will : "To keep 
green in memory the heroism of the men 
who rescued Jerry, men who could not 
look on a slave, I give six hundred dol- 
lars to the Onondaga Historical Associ- 
ation to be known as the Jerry Rescue 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Fund, the interest of which shall be used 
every five years to procure some person 
to deliver a Jerry Rescue Oration on 
October i. * * * There is one true 
charity, providing for helpless children." 
Following this is a bequest of a house 
and lot to the Onondaga Orphan's Home. 
The proceeds of the sale of this property 
became a nucleus of an endowment fund 
which has by later additions from others 
become a very substantial sum. He also 
left an envelope addressed to his son 
which contained shares of New York 
Central Railroad Company stock, with 
instructions for their division among 
Catholic orphans, Jewish orphans, and 
the aged women cared for by the Syra- 
cuse Home Association. Soon after the 
death of his son Fremont, the boy's 
money in the Onondaga County Savings 
Bank was given to the Onondaga 
Orphans' Home as a fund, the interest of 
which now annually buys books for the 
children. 

r|r. Mercer married (first) in 1848, 
Delia, eldest daughter of Aaron Lam- 
phier, Esq., of Lima, New York, who died 
February 14, 1887, leaving a son, Dr. 
A. Clififord Mercer, mentioned below, 
and a daughter, Ina, now the wife of 
Professor Lepine H. Rice, of Syractise. 
Dr. Mercer married (second) July 25, 
1888, Mrs. Esther A. (Morehouse) Esty, 
of Ithaca, New York. Dr. Mercer's 
other children were Eliza, who died in 
1855, in her fifth year; Charles Dcbell, 
who died in 1884, in his twenty-sixth 
3'ear ; Fremont, who died in 1874, in his 
twelfth year; and Mary, who died in 1869, 
in her third year. 

We cannot bring this short review of 
the life of Dr. Mercer to a more fitting 
conclusion than by quoting from a 
memorial tribute by Dr. John L. HeiTron, 
which appeared in the "New York State 
Journal of Medicine," in November, 1914: 



Dr. Mercer, of all men I ever knew, best illus- 
trated the virtues of the middle course in life so 
exquisitely voiced by Horace. He was of medium 
height and of medium weight. He had strongly 
chiseled features, the English clear complexion, 
kindly blue eyes, lips red as a cherry, and ruddy 
brown beard and hair, luxuriant and but slightly 
grey at the time of his death. * * * He had 
an inquiring mind, capable of accurate if not 
rapid observations, and he had perfect intellectual 
poise. He was rarely enthusiastic, but he had a 
deep and abiding interest in every subject worthy 
a man's thought and action. His industry was 
indefatigable and was always guided by sound 
judgment. He was by nature temperate in all 
things, and was never tempted to excess of any 
kind, excepting perhaps work in younger and 
middle life. It was but natural that such a man 
should accumulate a treasure house of knowledge 
and should mature judgments that were sound 
and increasingly convincing. * ♦ * He early 
learned the withering effects of dogma, and was 
one of the earnest advocates of intellectual and 
spiritual liberty of thought. * * * Dr. Mer- 
cer was not narrow. The interests outside of his 
chosen profession were many and various, how 
various only those most intimate with him can 
judge. * * * I never came into Dr. Mercer's 
presence in his office, in his home, in the college, 
or in medical meetings, but what I was conscious 
of being near one who radiated truth and justice 
and fraternal love. * * * Here is a man 
whose life is a positive inspiration to everyone of 
us. He had no extraordinary gifts of either 
body or of mind, but he had perfect self-control. 
He ordered his daily life with judgment, not with 
caprice. He weighed the value of things, and de- 
veloped the keenest perception of the relative 
importance of even the minor things in life. He 
cultivated methods, and might have been one who 
inspired the present movement for efficiency. He 
was industrious, and did not allow himself to 
waste a moment. He cared for his body with in- 
telligence, by correct habits of eating and by 
observing a due proportion between work and re- 
laxation. He looked ahead and kept his knowl- 
edge up to the minute. 



MERCER, A. Clifford, M. D., F. R. M. S., 

Physician, Scientist. 

A. Clififord Mercer, M. D., F. R. M. S., 
son of the preceding, was born at Syra- 
cuse, New York, July 5, 1855. He at- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tended the public schools of his native 
city from i860 to 1875, then matriculated 
at Syracuse University from which he 
was graduated in the class of 1878 with 
the degree of Doctor of Medicine. He 
was a post-graduate student at St. 
Thomas' Hospital, London, England, in 
1878-79-80. 

He was instructor in pathology in the 
College of Medicine, Syracuse Univer- 
sity, from 1880 to 1886, and Professor of 
Pathology from 1S86 to 1893. He was a 
student and held clinical appointments in 
the Great Ormond Street Hospital for 
Sick Children, London, England, in 1890 
and 1891, was Professor of Clinical 
Pediatrics in the College of Medicine, 
Syracuse University, from 1893 to 1904, 
and since 1904 has been Professor of 
Pediatrics. For seventeen years he was a 
member and secretary of the medical and 
surgical stalT of the Hospital of the House 
of the Good Shepherd. He is consulting 
physician at the Children's Clinic of the 
Syracuse Free Dispensary and to the 
Babies' Summer Camp of the Visiting 
Nurses' Association, and physician to the 
Children's Pavilion of the Syracuse Hos- 
pital for Women and Children. 

He was for years treasurer of the Col- 
lege of Medicine and of its Alumni Asso- 
ciation, and of the Medical Association of 
Central New York. He has served as 
president of the American Microscopical 
Society, the Central New York Micro- 
scopical Club, the Onondaga Medical So- 
ciety, the Syracuse Medical Association, 
the Syracuse Academy of Medicine, the 
Milk Commission of the Onondaga 
Medical Society (responsible, under New 
York State law, for the maintenance of 
national standard requirements in the 
production and transportation of certified 
milk) and the board of managers of the 
Onondaga Sanatorium for Tuberculosis. 
He has repeatedly served on public health 



committees of medical societies and the 
Syracuse Chamber of Commerce, and is a 
member of the advisory committee of the 
Syracuse Bureau of Health. He was 
health officer of Syracuse for three years 
(1883-85). The selection of an exception- 
ally beautiful and suitable site for the 
Onondaga Sanatorium for Tuberculosis, 
which for a long time met with wide and 
bitter opposition, was finally brought 
about largely by the incessant work of 
Dr. Mercer and his professional co- 
workers. 

He is also a life fellow of the Royal 
Microscopical Society, London, England, 
a member of the American Association 
for the Advancement of Science, the Amer- 
ican Medical Association, Alpha Omega 
Alpha (honorary medical society). Na- 
tional Association for the Study and Pre- 
vention of Tuberculosis, National Asso- 
ciation of Medical Milk Commissions, 
New York State Medical Society, Central 
New York Medical Association, Thurs- 
day Night Club (medical), Onondaga 
Historical Association, Syracuse Acad- 
emy of Science, University Club and 
Citizens' Club. He is an honorary mem- 
ber of the Syracuse Botany Club and 
corresponding member of the Rochester 
(New York) Academy of Science. 

When Dr. Mercer was president of the 
.American Microscopical Society a sketch 
of his life work by Professor S. H. Gage, 
of Cornell University, appeared in the 
"American Monthly Microscopical Jour- 
nal," February, 1896, from which the fol- 
lowing are extracts: 

* * ♦ Thus surrounded by the microscopical 
influences of his father's office, enjoying the ac- 
quaintance of the famous optician, Charles A. 
Spencer, and Spencer's Syracuse friend, Willard 
Twitchell, it was only natural that very early 
there was awakened in the boy the keenest in- 
terest in the microscope and its revelations. In 
the Syracuse high school in 1874 and 1875 an 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



added interest in this and in photography de- 
veloped under the practical teaching of Dr. Wal- 
ter A. Brownell. From this period may be dated 
Dr. Mercer's career in photo-micrography, the 
first apparatus being constructed by Charles A. 
Spencer after Mercer's drawings. His interest 
in photo-micrography has never flagged and 
many members of the American Microscopical 
Society feel under deep obligation to him for help 
and suggestions. He has not only used this beau- 
tiful art for scientific purposes but has made ex- 
cellent use of it in demonstrating the truth of his 
conclusions in courts of justice. 

After receiving the degree of M. D. from Syra- 
cuse University in 1878, he spent about two and 
one-half years in St. Thomas Hospital and Medi- 
cal School in London, England, where he was a 
pupil in pathology of Dr. W. S. Greenfield, now 
professor of pathology in the University of 
Edinburgh. After becoming assistant to Dr. 
Greenfield in the Brown Institution, Dr. Mercer 
cut and mounted the first sections of tuberculous 
joints studied in England and furnished the ma- 
terial described by Mr. John Croft in Vol. x-xxii 
(1881) of the transactions of the Pathological 
Society of London. 

While in London he became acquainted with 
Dr. Lionel S. Beale, and revised for him "Part 
v., On Taking Photographs of Microscopic 
Objects" of his well-known book, "How to Work 
With the Microscope." On Dr. Beale's nomina- 
tion he was made a fellow of the Royal Micro- 
scopical Society. He found a warm personal 
friend in the late Dr. John Matthews, editor of 
the second edition of the "Preparation and 
Mounting of Microscopical Objects," by Thomas 
Davis, and always recalls with gratitude the 
demonstration which Mr. John E. Ingpen gave 
him of the Abbe diffraction theory of microscopic 
vision. This was before the theory had become 
generally known to the microscopical world. 

During this period and a subsequent visit to 
London for professional study. Dr. Mercer had 
the good fortune to be brought in friendly rela- 
tions with Dr. R. L. Maddox, Mr. E. M. Nelson 
and Mr. Andrew Pringle, England's most skill- 
ful photo-micrographers. With a mind prepared 
and open as was Dr. Mercer's the association 
with these masters of the photo-micrographic art 
could only be productive of good, and our own 
country has been the gainer thereby, for Dr. 
Mercer is most generous in freely giving. To 
Dr. Maddox, the discoverer of the present dry 
plate process in photography, he is indebted for 
a share of the suggestive, helpful and generous 
correspondence with which that Nestor of photo- 



micrography has, for many years, favored his 
fellow workers on both sides of the Atlantic — 
with its warmth of friendship and stimulus to 
progressive work. 

He has been active in the practice of his pro- 
fession and has prepared papers which find an 
honored place in the medical literature of the 
country. He has served in various positions of 
honor and trust in medical societies thus showing 
that he possesses the esteem and confidence of 
his professional brethren. While he fills an 
honored place in the medical profession and his 
main energy and work lie in that direction his 
interests are very broad, and he has a keen appre- 
ciation of the ultimate gain to medicine of the 
pursuit of pure science, although the connection 
may seem remote to those who cannot see the 
invisible threads that bind all truth into a har- 
monious whole. He has also a keen love of na- 
ture for her own sake, and while studying for his 
degree in medicine took up the miscroscopical 
study of the mosses as a part of the work of the 
Syracuse Botanical Club, and later was elected 
an honorary member of that club. 

********** 

He became a member of the American Micro- 
scopical Society under its earlier name (American 
Society of Microscopists) in 1882. He has attended 
the majority of the annual meetings since then, 
often as the writer well knows at considerable 
inconvenience. He has furnished articles to the 
"Journal of the Royal Microscopical Society" and 
to photographic journals, and in nearly every 
volume of the proceedings of the society of which 
he is now president may be found one or more 
articles from his pen. The article in the proceed- 
ings for 1886 "Photo-micrograph zersiis Micro- 
photograph," furnished the information on which 
the definitions of the words in the Century Dic- 
tionary and in Dr. G. M. Gould's Illustrated Dic- 
tionary of Medicine are founded. The Syracuse 
solid watch glass for microscopical purposes de- 
signed by him finally solved the problem of a 
watch glass for the microscopist and there is 
hardly a histological or microscopical laboratory 
in the country that does not count these watch 
glasses as an indispensable part of its equipment. 

Dr. Mercer has also designed several 
pieces of apparatus which have been used 
in microscopical, photographic and x-ray 
work. He has also devoted considerable 
time to experimental work in photo- 
micrography and roentgenology and is 



208 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the author of "An Experimental Study of 
Aperture as a Factor in Microscopic 
Vision," an expansion of his presidential 
address before the American Microscop- 
ical Society in 1896. In recent years his 
chief interest has been in pediatrics, 
diseases of infants and children, to which 
he has given most of his time and thought 
in college, hospital, dispensary and 
private practice. 



SKINNER, Charles Rufus. 

Journalist, Legislator, Ednoator. 

Charles Rufus Skinner was born at 
Union Square, Oswego county, New 
York, August 4, 1844, son of Avery and 
Charlotte Prior (Stebbins) Skinner, and 
a descendant of worthy New England 
ancestry. Avery Skinner was a native of 
New Hampshire, a farmer by occupation, 
settled in Watertown, New York, in 1816, 
from whence he removed to Oswego 
county. New York, in 1826. He was 
postmaster at Union Square, which place 
he settled and name, for fifty years, hav- 
ing been appointed by John Quincy 
Adams. 

Charles Rufus Skinner was brought up 
on his father's farm, attended the district 
school in his native town until his six- 
teenth year, after which he accepted the 
position of teacher in a neighboring 
school, assisted in the work of the post 
office at Watertown, New York, and in 
various other ways obtained sufficient 
capital to enable him to pursue his educa- 
tion further. He became a student in the 
Clinton Liberal Institute, and later in the 
Mexico Academy, New York, from which 
he was graduated in 1866, the valedictor- 
ian of his class, and during the following 
year he acted as teacher in the same 
institution. In December, 1867, he went 
to New York City and took charge of the 
agency of the Walter A. Wood Mowing 
N Y-Voi iv-14 209 



and Reaping Machine Company, but re- 
mained only three years, his father being 
in such ill health that he was obliged to 
return home to manage the farm. In 
1870 he became a resident of Watertown, 
New York, and until 1874 was part owner, 
business manager and city editor of the 
W'atertown "Daily Times and Reformer." 
He was a member of the Board of Educa- 
tion of Watertown from, 1875 ^° 1884; 
member of the New York Assembly from 
1876 to 1881 from Jefferson county, dur- 
ing which time he served as chairman of 
the committee on public printing and 
railroads, and as member of the commit- 
tees on cities, insurance, internal affairs, 
etc. In 1877 he introduced and pushed to 
its passage the bill prohibiting frequent 
changes in text-books in schools, and in 
1879 introduced a bill to reduce legislative 
expenses, and an amendment to the con- 
stitution to bring about biennial sessions 
of the Legislature. This resolution 
passed one Legislature, but in the follow- 
ing year was defeated in the Senate. 
This proposition was favored by Gov- 
ernor Cornell in his message of 1882, and 
urged by Governor Black in 1898. In 
1879-80 Mr. Skinner was active in advo- 
cating the anti-discrimination freight bill, 
and the measure for five-cent fares on the 
New York elevated railroads. In 1878 he 
served on a special committee of the 
Assembly to consider and report on the 
State normal schools. He was a member 
of the Forty-seventh and Forty-eighth 
Congresses, 1881-85, representing Jeffer- 
son, Lewis and Herkimer counties, where 
he was instrumental in securing the re- 
duction of letter postage from three 
to two cents, was the author of the bill 
providing for the special delivery system 
and the passage of the law giving letter 
carriers a vacation. He opposed the 
Chinese restrictive act, urging in a power- 
ful speech that the United States was 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



bound to keep the terms of the treaty- 
made with China; made speeches in favor 
of prompt action to suppress polygamy, 
and against the Morrison tariff bill in 
1883, and was active in all debates on 
post office questions. In 1884 he was 
appointed on the board of visitors at 
West Point with General Rosecrans, 
Colonel Waring and others. In 1885, 
after his term in Congress expired, he 
edited the Watertown "Daily Repub- 
lican" and served in that capacity until 
January, 1886, and then for a short time 
was city editor of the Watertown "Daily 
Times." He was Deputy State Superin- 
tendent of Public Instruction from 1886 
to 1892; supervisor of teachers' institutes 
and training classes from 1892 to 1895; 
State Superintendent of Public Instruc- 
tion from April 7, 1895, to 1904, and was 
elected president of the National Educa- 
tion Association at its meeting in Bufifalo 
in 1896. Dr. Skinner's administration as 
Superintendent of Public Instruction re- 
vealed a marked enthusiasm in the cause 
of popular education, a sincere devotion 
to its interests and forceful methods of 
promoting them. He was zealous in up- 
holding the integrity of his department 
against all assaults upon it and consist- 
ently advocated the placing of all tax- 
supported schools within its control. A 
few of the significant events of his tenure 
was the proposal of an educational quali- 
fication for school commissioners (not 
perfected) ; the fixing of the statutory 
school age at from five to eighteen years ; 
the observance, in 1895, o^ ^he centennial 
of the law establishing common schools ; 
the act of 1895 requiring the display of 
the "Stars and Stripes" upon the school- 
houses of the State ; the commemoration 
of the one hundredth birthday. May 14, 
1895, of the great educator, Horace 
Mann ; the judicial decision in the Water- 
vliet case, affirming the power of the 



State to compel a municipality, or school 
district, to provide and maintain ade- 
quate educational facilities, and forbid- 
ding teachers to wear sectarian dress in 
schools ; the satisfactory execution of the 
compulsory education law, enacted in 
1894; and the enlargement of the num- 
ber of State scholarships in Cornell Uni- 
versity from 128 to 150, to conform 
to the apportionment of assembly dis- 
tricts under the constitution of 1894. 
While State Superintendent, Dr. Skin- 
ner made educational visits and ad- 
dresses in every county of the State, 
and in many neighboring States. He 
served as assistant appraiser of the port 
of New York from 1906 to 191 1 ; was 
librarian of the New York Assembly, 
1914; and since 1915 has been legislative 
librarian in charge of a library formed by 
the consolidation of the Senate and As- 
sembly libraries. 

Dr. Skinner is a life member of the 
New York State Press Association, and 
has frequently been delegated to repre- 
sent it in the meetings of the National 
Editorial Association. He has been a 
member of the Fort Orange Club of 
Albany, the Republican Club of New 
York City, the Union League of Brooklyn 
and the Thousand Island Club of Alex- 
andria Bay. He was a trustee of St. 
Lawrence University and of the Albany 
Home School for the Deaf. He received 
the degrees : Master of Arts from Hamil- 
ton College, 1889; Doctor of Laws from 
Colgate University, 1895 ; Doctor of 
Literature from Tufts College, 1901. He 
is the author of: "Commercial Advan- 
tages of Watertown, New York," 1876; 
"New York Question Book," 1890; 
"Arbor Day Manual," 1891 ; "Manual of 
Patriotism for the Schools of New York," 
1900; and "The Bright Side," 1909. 

Dr. Skinner married, October 16, 1873, 
at Watertown, New York, Elizabeth 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Baldwin, daughter of David W. and 
Laura (Merriman) Baldwin, of Water- 
town. Seven children have been added 
to his household, four sons dnd three 
daughters. Three sons and one daughter 
are living: Harold Baldwin and Charles 
Rufus, Jr., are connected with the New 
York Edison Company ; Albert Merriman 
is an architect in Watertown ; Alice died 
in 1882; Bessie, in 1889; a son died in 
infancy ; Elizabeth was married in Sep- 
tember, 1915, to Lieutenant Dana 
Palmer, of the Third United States In- 
fantrv. 



HILL, David Jayne, 

Educator, Diplomat, Historian. 

David Jayne Hill, distinguished as edu- 
cator, accomplished as diplomat, brilliant 
as orator and illustrious as author, was 
born in Plainfield, New Jersey, June 10, 
1850, son of the Rev. Daniel T. and Lydia 
Ann (Thompson) Hill, grandson of Isaac 
Hill, whose ancestors came from England 
about 1640. 

David Jayne Hill acquired his prelim- 
inary education in the public schools of 
his native town, and this knowledge was 
supplemented by a course at the Univer- 
sity of Lewisburg, Pennsylvania (now 
Bucknell) from which he was graduated 
in 1874, with the degree of A. B., receiv- 
ing the degree of A. M. from the same 
institution in 1877. Succeeding courses 
of study in the universities of Berlin and 
Paris, he became an instructor in Ancient 
Languages at Bucknell University ; was 
Crozer Professor of Rhetoric there from 
1877 until 1879; and president of the uni- 
versity from 1879 until 1888, attaining 
this position before he was thirty years 
of age. Therein, he was eminently suc- 
cessful in increasing the resources, at- 
tracting students, advancing the prestige 
of the institution, and securing for him- 



self a place among the leading educators 
of the land. In 1888, he was called to the 
presidency and the Burbank chair of In- 
tellectual and Moral Philosophy in the 
University of Rochester, as successor to 
Dr. Anderson. 

Dr. Hill's administration of this office 
was especially able and noteworthy. To 
wide knowledge and a signal faculty of 
imparting it, constraining the esteem of 
students, he added a gracious personality, 
winning their affection ; and, on the ad- 
ministrative side, kept the affairs of the 
institution in excellent order; while out- 
side of his official duties, he gained a 
splendid reputation as a public speaker. 
A master of his themes and of the Eng- 
lish tongue, his addresses were compact, 
in clear and telling phrase, chaste and 
sparkling in wit. A reference to one of 
these is pertinent as relative to his future 
career. In the presidential campaign of 
1892, William McKinley spoke at a Re- 
publican meeting and was banqueted at 
the leading social club in Rochester, the 
principal speech at the latter gathering, 
aside from that of the guest of honor, 
being made by Dr. Hill, whose thought- 
ful and graceful remarks greatly im- 
pressed the coming president of five years 
later, initiated a cordial friendship be- 
tween the two, and was not without bear- 
ing upon the invitation to the university 
president to accept the second place in 
the State Department when McKinley 
had the opportunity to recognize Hill's 
ability as a publicist. 

Even before his Rochester residence, 
Dr. Hill had established a national repu- 
tation as an author. He published his 
"Elements of Rhetoric" in 1877, the 
"Science of Rhetoric" in 1886, and the 
"Elements of Psychology" in 1886 — all 
extensively adopted as text books in 
schools and colleges, and, by the way, 
quite remunerative to the author in 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



royalties. His "Life of Washington 
Irving" appeared in 1877 and that of 
William Cullen Bryant in 1878 — con- 
densed, but admirable and appreciative, 
biographies of each. While still in 
Rochester, he published "Social Influence 
of Christianity" (1888), "Principles and 
Fallacies of Socialism" (1888) and 
"Genetic Philosophy" (1893), In 1896, he 
resigned as president of the university, in- 
tending to pursue historical studies 
abroad. His departure was keenly re- 
gretted, not only by the authorities and 
students, but by the community which 
he had served in all good works as a citi- 
zen, and especially by its social and 
lettered classes to whom he had become 
endeared. Retaining his legal residence 
in Rochester, he spent nearly three years 
mainly in Paris and Berlin in the study 
of philosophy and public law, laying the 
foundation for the elaborate volumes re- 
lating thereto, which he published sub- 
sequently. 

He was recalled to this country, Octo- 
ber I, 1898, when President McKinley 
appointed him First Assistant Secretary 
of State to succeed John B. Moore, and 
while in the State Department he also 
served as Professor of European Diplo- 
macy in the School of Comparative Juris- 
prudence and Diplomacy at Washington, 
D. C, from 1899 until 1903. He was then 
commissioned as Envoy Extraordinary 
and Minister Plenipotentiary of the 
United States to Switzerland from 1903 
to 1905 ; to the Netherlands from 1905 
until 1908; Ambassador Extraordinary 
and Plenipotentiary to Germany from 
1908 until 191 1. He became a member 
of the Permanent Administrative Council 
of the Hague Tribunal, and delegate to 
the Second Peace Conference at the 
Hague, 1907. Of his diplomatic service it 
is needless to speak ; it was enlightened 
in full degree, and faithful to the coun- 
try's interests, held in high esteem by the 



representatives of all nations and the 
courts to which he was accredited, and 
abounding in kindly offices to his fellow 
countrymen, visiting the various em- 
bassies. 

His pen still busy, he gave to the press 
"A Primer of Finance ;" "The Concep- 
tion and Realization of Neutrality" 
(1902) ; "Life and Work of Hugo Gro- 
tius" (1902) ; and "The Contemporary 
Development of Diplomacy" (1904). In 
1905 he issued the first volume of his 
great work, "A History of Diplomacy in 
the International Development of Eu- 
rope," entitling it "The Struggle for Uni- 
versal Empire ;" the second volume, 
"The Establishment of Territorial Sover- 
eignty," followed in 1906; and the third, 
"The Diplomacy of the Age of Absolut- 
ism," in 1914. "World Organization as 
Affected by the Nature of the Modern 
State," (translated into German and 
French) appeared in 191 1. Since his re- 
turn to America, with temporary abode 
in Washington about two years, Dr. Hill 
has written many articles on political and 
governmental topics for leading maga- 
zines, and has frequently been heard from 
the platform upon the same. In the Re- 
publican primaries of the State in 1914, 
his name was presented for United States 
Senator, and, although abroad at the 
time and without organized effort in his 
behalf, he received a flattering vote there- 
for, particularly in Western New York. 
He has recently published "The People's 
Government" (191 5), and "Americanism: 
What It Is" (1916) ; and is preparing 
a volume on "International Readjust- 
ments." 

He was elected a fellow of the Ameri- 
can Association for the Advancement of 
Science in 1895 ; he is a member of the 
American Philosophical Society, Ameri- 
can Society of International Law, Ameri- 
can Academy of Political and Social Sci- 
ence, American Historical Association, 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and is president of the National Associ- 
ation for Constitutional Government. He 
is a member of the Sons of the American 
Revolution, and vice grand commander 
of the Society of American Wars. He is 
also a member of the following clubs: 
Authors, Century (New York), Metro- 
politan, Cosmos (Washington) and "Pun- 
dit" and Browning (Rochester). He has 
been honored with the degree of Doctor 
of Laws by Colgate (1883), University of 
Pennsylvania (1902) and Union (1902), 
and Docteur es Lettres, University of 
Switzerland (1900). He married Juliet 
Lewis Packer, of Williamsport. Pennsyl- 
vania, June 3, 1886. 



ROBERTS, Ellis H., 

Journalist, Statesman, Scholar. 

No intelligent account of the settle- 
ment and progress of Oneida county and 
Central New York can fail to note the 
contributions thereto made by the thrifty 
and adventurous Welshmen who were 
among the pioneers of the region. Their 
incoming dates from 1798, when a com- 
pany of about a dozen of the race took up 
land in the town of Steuben from Colonel 
Walker, the representative of Baron von 
Steuben of Revolutionary fame, to whom 
a large domain had been bestowed by a 
grateful people. Others followed until 
the towns of Steuben and Remsen be- 
came practically Welsh communities, and 
retain that character to a considerable 
extent to this day. Welsh settlements 
were founded in Deerfield, Rome, Plain- 
field, Nelson, and Waterville, and the 
Welsh population of Utica continued to 
increase. The Welsh strain is one of the 
strongest in the population of that city, 
foremost in its business and professional 
life, and its high moral tone is due, in large 
measure, to Welsh inspirations. 

Ellis Henry Rogers, long a molder of 
the thought of Central New York, politi- 



cally and socially, is of this sturdy stock. 
His ancestors were pioneers of progress 
in the old country and uncompromising 
non-comformists — courageous and inde- 
pendent. Michael Jones, of Bala, of 
kindred on the paternal side, had prob- 
ably more to do than any of his contem- 
poraries in the educational and political 
awakening of Wales in the last century. 
Roberts, Tyddynddeen and Thomas, of 
Bangor, noted clergymen, were of the 
same stock. On the maternal side, Ellis 
descends from the Williams, who re- 
sided on the shores of Bala Lake, as ten- 
ants of Sir Watkin Williams Wynn. A 
member of the family was the Rev. John 
Williams, a pastor at Sheffield, England, 
and a divine of national reputation. In 
the British parliament, to-day, are a num- 
ber of Mr. Roberts's relations, some of 
whom visited him in Washington when 
he was Treasurer of the United States. 
His father, Watkin, came to this country 
in 1816, while the building of the Erie 
canal was proceeding. He was a stone 
mason and worked upon this mammoth 
enterprise. His mother, Gwen (Wil- 
liams) Roberts, followed her husband, 
with four chldren, two years later, and 
the family settled in Utica, where Ellis 
Henry was born September 30, 1827. The 
father died in 1831 and the struggle of 
the widowed mother and fatherless chil- 
dren to maintain an existence in a strange 
land was a severe one, but, by pluck and 
grit, they all attained honorable and suc- 
cessful positions in life. 

Ellis Henry's preliminary education 
was pursued in the elementary schools 
and the Free Academy of his native city; 
and he entered Yale College in the fall of 
1846, from which he was graduated in the 
class of 1850, a member of the Alpha 
Delta Phi fraternity, having held ex- 
cellent rank as a scholar throughout the 
course, receiving prizes for English com- 
position and winning the Bristed scholar- 
's 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ship for proficiency in the classics and 
mathematics. He was advanced to the 
master's degree three years later; and 
for marked erudition, was laureated Doc- 
tor of Laws by Hamilton in 1869, and by 
his alma mater in 1884. He was principal 
of the Utica Academy and also teacher of 
Latin in the Utica Female Seminary, 
1850-51. He married, June 29, 1851, 
Elizabeth Morris, of the same goodly 
Welsh lineage — a helpful consort for over 
fifty years, dying in July, 1903. 

His college training inclined him to jour- 
nalism and he accepted, in 1851, the editor- 
ship of the Utica "Morning Herald," then 
at the outset of its notable and cogent ca- 
reer, which he retained until 1893, also 
securing in it a controlling proprietary in- 
terest. Dr. Roberts assumed the editorial 
chair at a time when government policies 
of the utmost moment,includingvital moral 
issues, were at stake, almost coincidently 
with the birth of the Republican party, of 
which he was to become an earnest cham- 
pion. He was equipped with superior 
scholarship, especially well versed in the 
history of the Republic and with the polit- 
ical and economical problems pressing 
for solution. As a writer, he soon ob- 
tained wide recognition for his wealth of 
knowledge, the precision of his thought 
and the force and lucidity of its expres- 
sion, and above all for the sincerity of his 
convictions. The "Herald," under the di- 
rection of Dr. Roberts, gained an exten- 
sive patronage and materially inspired 
and controlled public opinion, not alone 
in Central but also in Northern New 
York, in the latter section especially be- 
coming the Republican oracle and having 
well-nigh a monopoly of circulation, 
which the Syracuse press, quite as acces- 
sible to it as the "Herald," vainly con- 
tested. It is to be added that the "Her- 
ald" was also quite as distinguished for 
enterprise as a news gatherer as for au- 
thority in its editorial columns, rendering 



it for years the leading journal of its 
locality in all respects. It prominently 
supported the administration of Lincoln 
in all measures for subduing the rebellion 
against the Union, and Dr. Roberts, with 
loyalty and love for the martyred Presi- 
dent, as a delegate to the Republican Na- 
tional Convention in 1864, enthusiastical- 
ly favored his renomination ; and when 
the lines were drawn between congres- 
sional and executive policies of recon- 
struction, he was found arrayed with the 
congressional leaders, even to urging the 
impeachment of President Johnson. 

Dr. Roberts was elected to the As- 
sembly of 1867, and took a conspicuous 
and persuasive part in its deliberations, 
especially in effecting the promotion to 
the United States Senate of his then 
friend and neighbor, Roscoe Conkling, 
who had by a service of four terms, as a 
representative in Congress, established 
his standing as an ornate and virile ora- 
tor; and, as State Senator Andrew D. 
White said, on seconding Conkling's re- 
nomination in the Republican legislative 
caucus. New York needed a voice in the 
Federal Senate. The voice, indeed, did 
much for Conkling, but it were to ques- 
tion historical verity to doubt that Ellis 
H. Roberts did far more by his personal 
appeals to produce the desired result than 
Conkling's most eloquent forensic utter- 
ances. Roberts was indefatigable in his 
eflforts, not only by articles in the "Her- 
ald," but by enlisting nearly the entire 
press of the interior in Conkling's behalf, 
by standing for the Assembly, at Conk- 
ling's instance, and by his industrious can- 
vass among his colleagues in that body. 
The estrangement between the two that 
occurred subsequently need not here be 
detailed. It is sufficient to say, in the can- 
did review, that the principal fault there- 
for is not to be imputed to Roberts. In 
1868, Roberts again appeared as a dele- 
gate in the Republican National Conven- 



214 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tion and united in the nomination of Gen- 
eral Grant for the presidency. 

In 1870, Roberts was elected from the 
Twenty-first (Oneida) District a Repre- 
sentative in the Forty-second Congress ; 
and, in 1872, was reelected to the Forty- 
third. He spoke in the House as occa- 
sion demanded, always with full informa- 
tion and decided effect, in clear, vigorous 
English, particularly upon economic and 
financial measures, in the discussion of 
which he had already shown himself an 
authority in his editorials and other writ- 
ings. 

Since his retirement from Congress, 
Dr. Roberts has not held elective office, 
but has forcibly and ably vindicated 
Republican principles and policies. He 
favored, with some hesitation, the re- 
election of Grant in 1872, and the nomi- 
nation of Hayes in 1876, but strenuously 
combatted a third term for Grant in 1880, 
acting with that element of his party 
which secured the nomination of Garfield 
and, in the State, opposing the return of 
Conkling and Piatt to the United States 
Senate after their resignation therefrom. 
Dr. Roberts was a staunch champion of 
Blaine in the presidential canvass of 1884 
and cordially supported Harrison in that 
of 1888. He was appointed by the latter 
to the important position of Assistant 
Treasurer in New York, of the United 
States, and served throughout Harrison's 
administration. He was president of the 
Franklin National Bank of New York 
City from 1893 until 1897, when he was 
designated by President McKinley as 
Treasurer of the United States, continu- 
ing as such until 1905, when he retired 
from public life at the age of seventy- 
eight years, having filled with eminent 
ability the various offices of honor and 
responsibility that had been reposed in 
him. Interested in the cause of higher 
education, he wrote much on the subject. 



and was trustee of Hamilton College from 
1872 until 1900. 

Outside of his journalistic and official 
duties, Dr. Roberts has been a prolific 
writer upon historical and financial 
themes, and also has deserved promi- 
nence as a public speaker. He has de- 
livered courses of lectures at Cornell Uni- 
versity and Hamilton College, and ad- 
dresses before the American Bankers' 
and several State banking associations, 
and the American Association for the Ad- 
vancement of Science ; and has been in 
constant request as a political orator in 
the successive presidential canvasses with 
which he was concerned, on notable his- 
torical occasions, and as an "after dinner" 
speaker. He is the author of "Govern- 
ment Reserve, Especially the American 
System" (1884), an enlightened exposi- 
tion of the subject ; and of "The Planting 
and Growth of the Empire State" (1887). 
Although an abridgment rather than an 
exhaustive review, and necessarily trust- 
ing considerably to secondary rather than 
original sources, this latter work holds a 
leading place among histories of New 
York, revealing its author as diligent in 
research, philosophical in treatment, en- 
gaging in style and impartial in tone. Dr. 
Roberts is still (July, 1916) living in 
Utica, in hale old age, with faculties un- 
impaired and, at times, contributing valu- 
able articles to the press. 



CHOATE, Joseph Hodges, 

Jurist, Orator, Diplomat. 

The splendid gifts of mind and person 
that Joseph Hodges Choate has displayed 
conspicuously in his long career at the 
bar and in high official place are meas- 
urably due to his lineage. He comes of 
sturdy, intelligent Puritan stock, char- 
acterized almost uniformly by physical 
longevity and by signal concentration 



215 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and versatility of thought with its effec- 
tive expression. 

The founder of the American family 
was John Choate, a native of England, 
who came in 1643 to Massachusetts Bay 
while Winthrop was still Governor of the 
colony, settled at Chebacco (now Essex) 
and was admitted a freeman in 1667. 
From him and his wife, Anne, to whom 
he was married in 1660, the line of de- 
scent runs through their son, Thomas 
(1671-1745) first of the family in the an- 
cestral estate — Hog or Choate Island — 
and representative in the General Court 
(1723-25) and his wife, Mary (Varney) 
Choate ; through their son, Francis 
(1701-77), farmer, church elder and 
friend of George Whitefield, and his wife, 
Hannah (Perkins) Choate; through their 
son, William (1730-85), who was a sea 
captain, and his wife, Mary (Giddings) 
Choate; through their son, George (1762- 
1826) representative for Ipswich, 1814- 
17, and Essex, 1819, and his wife, 
Susanna, daughter of Judge Stephen 
Choate, of Ipswich ; to Dr. George 
Choate, the father of Joseph Hodges 
Choate. In collateral branches also the 
family has been worthy and often dis- 
tinguished, Rufus Choate, a cousin of 
Dr. George Choate, with his magnetic 
speech, being supremely famous. Dr. 
George Choate (1796- 1880) was a native 
of Essex, a graduate of Harvard College 
(1818), a prominent and skillful phy- 
sician, and a representative in the Gen- 
eral Court for several years. He married 
Margaret Manning, a daughter of Gama- 
liel Hodges, descended from the immi- 
grant of 1630 and of a family honorable 
in Massachusetts annals ; and to them 
Joseph Hodges Choate was born in 
Salem, January 24, 1832. In the mater- 
nal line Mr. Choate traces his lineage to 
Philip English, the first great merchant 
of Salem. 

His preliminary education was obtained 



in the public schools of Salem. He was 
graduated from Harvard, in 1852, with 
Phi Beta Kappa rank, the fourth scholar 
of the class, in which his elder brother, 
.William Gardner Choate, since a United 
States judge of the Southern District of 
New York stood first. He was a member 
of the Alpha Delta Phi fraternity, in 
whose welfare he has ever retained a 
lively interest, frequently the orator at 
jts reunions and presiding at its banquets. 
He was graduated Bachelor of Law from 
the Harvard Law School, in 1854, and 
after an additional year of study in the 
office of Leverett Saltonstall, in Boston, 
was admitted to the Massachusetts bar 
in 1855. In the same year he moved to 
New York City, whch has since been his 
home, was licensed in this State and be- 
gan the practice which has continued un- 
interruptedly to the present day. He 
first entered the office of Scudder & 
Carter, the latter an accomplished jurist 
for half a century, with whom he re- 
mained a very short time when, with a 
commendatory letter from Rufus Choate 
to William M. Evarts, he was introduced 
to the office of Butler, Evarts & South- 
mayd of which Mr. Evarts was the head, 
in which he remained until 1858, when he 
formed a partnership with General Wil- 
liam H. L. Barnes, subsequently a bril- 
liant lawyer in San Francisco, which was 
conducted successfully for a year, under 
the style of Choate & Barnes. He then 
returned to the Evarts office, as a mem- 
ber of the firm designated as Evarts, 
Southmayd & Choate. This association 
continued until 1884, when it was re- 
solved into that of Evarts, Choate & 
Beaman, its successor now known as 
Evarts, Choate & Sherman, of which the 
sons of Mr. Evarts and Mr. Choate are 
members. 

Steadily rising in repute and augment- 
ing in practice, Mr. Choate became the 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



recognized "head of the bar" of the me- 
tropolis, which is the head of the bar in 
the country, when the senior member, 
that illustrious lawyer and prince of wits, 
gave himself wholly to the public service 
as Secretary of State and Senator. Mr. 
Choate was equally prominent in trials 
at nisi prius and cases in banc. His deep 
analysis of human nature, his discern- 
ment of situations and skill in eliciting 
evidence rendered him an expert in the 
examination of witnesses, while his spark- 
ling wit, ready repartee and cogent 
appeals mastered juries. His knowledge 
of the law, his familiarity with principles 
and precedents, the precision and solidity 
of his address and the urbanity of his 
acumen were also singularly persuasive 
with the bench ; and this not alone in the 
Appellate Courts of the State, but in the 
highest tribunal of the land before which 
he has argued many celebrated cases. 
Among the cases in different jurisdictions 
that he has managed several may be men- 
tioned without, in all instances, specify- 
ing issues, to wit : Fuardent vs. di Ces- 
nola, in which he defended successfully 
the genuineness of the Cypriote antiqui- 
ties in the Metropolitan Museum of Art ; 
Stewart vs. Huntington, concerning the 
contracts and operations of the Central 
Pacific ; Hunt vs. Stevens ; Laidlaw vs. 
Sage ; the Maynard New York election 
frauds of 1891-92; the validity of the 
Standard Oil and American Tobacco 
trusts ; the Cruger, Vanderbilt, Tilden, 
Stewart, Hoyt, Drake and Hopkins will 
cases ; and various others in the Admir- 
alty courts. 

As he has been a maker of the organic 
law of the commonwealth, as will later 
be seen, he has also been the constant 
interpreter of the national constitution 
as witnessed in many issues before the 
national tribunal. Among these are the 
following: The case of the Philadelphia 



Fire Association vs. New York, touch- 
ing the constitutionality of the so-called 
reciprocal and retaliatory taxation laws 
against foreign corporations enacted by 
many States; the Kansas prohibition 
law ; the Chinese exclusion cases, with 
the pregnant question as to the right of 
the government to exclude or deport im- 
migrants of that race ; the California irri- 
gation cases ; the constitutionality of the 
Acts of many western States ; the Massa- 
chusetts fisheries cases; the constitu- 
tional right of a State to protect fisheries 
in arms of the sea and within and beyond 
the three-mile limit ; the income tax cases, 
which involved the constitutionality of 
[the Income Tax Law of 1894. Besides 
these, Mr. Choate has argued many other 
important cases before the high courts 
of his own and other States. With John 
C. Bullitt and Anson Maltbie he achieved 
a signal triumph in 1889 in the able de- 
fense of General Fitz-John Porter before 
the commission appointed by President 
Hayes to inquire into the justice of the 
sentence which in 1863 had deprived Gen- 
eral Porter of his military rank for alleged 
misconduct in battle, and for the reversal 
of which General Porter had made the 
most strenuous efforts for many years. 
Mr. Choate not only fully established 
Porter's innocence, but also procured the 
restoration of his rank. The lawyer's 
versatility was further displayed in his 
presentation of the case for the defendant 
before the naval court-martial appointed 
to try Captain McCalla for certain alleged 
breaches of the naval regulations; and a 
still further illustration of that quality 
of his mind is to be found in his diplo- 
matic conduct of the investigation under- 
taken by the New York Yacht Club of 
the Defender- Valkyrie controversy, upon 
charges made by Lord Dunraven as to 
the conduct of the international race be- 
tween those yachts. 

Mr. Choate has been most honorably 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



recognized by his brethren of the bar in 
the presidencies of the Harvard Law 
School Association, the New York City, 
New York State and American Bar asso- 
ciations. He has been made Doctor of 
Laws by many leading colleges and uni- 
versities both in the United States and 
Great Britain, to wit: Amherst (1887), 
Harvard (1888), Yale (1901), Williams 
(1905), Pennsylvania (1908), Union 
(1909), McGill (1913), Cambridge (1900), 
Edinburgh (1900), St. Andrews (1902), 
Glasgow (1904), and Toronto (1915), and 
in 1902 Oxford University conferred upon 
him the degree of Doctor of Civil Law. 
He was elected, April 10, 1905, a bencher 
of the Middle Temple, that most select 
and honorable legal body, a distinction 
never bestowed upon any other Ameri- 
ican. He is also a foreign honorary fel- 
low of the Royal Society of Literature, a 
member of the American Philosophical 
Society, a trustee of the Metropolitan 
Museum of Art and of the American Mu- 
seum of Natural History since the foun- 
dation of each ; vice-president of the 
American Society for the Judicial Settle- 
ment of International Disputes ; Am- 
bassador and first United States delegate 
to the International Peace Congress at 
the Hague (1907); trustee of the Equita- 
ble Life Assurance Society ; governor of 
the New York Hospital, 1877; president 
of the New York State Charities Aid 
Association ; member of the Massachu- 
setts Colonial Society ; president of the 
New England Society of New York 
(1867-71); of the Harvard Club of New 
York (1874-78); of the Union League 
Club of New York (1873-77) and is now 
president of the Century Association. In 
addition to those already mentioned, he 
is also a member of the following clubs : 
University, Alpha Delta Phi, City, Met- 
ropolitan, Riding, New York Athletic, 
and Down Town. 

These various associations — legal, let- 
tered, artistic, social and humane — which 



have honored him and he has honored 
reveal at once the wide range of his activ- 
ities and the insistent call for their serv- 
ice. If he may be estimated by his tri- 
umphs at the bar; his constant thought 
and kindly consideration for its younger 
members ; his identification with great 
enterprises; his courage and honesty in 
municipal afifairs ; his secret, as well as 
open, beneficences, for no good and needy 
cause ever appealed to him in vain ; his 
catholic views and quick sympathies, 
coupled with independence in thought 
and action ; his culture in arts and letters ; 
his social graces, his genial bearing and 
fascinating address, he may be fairly dis- 
tinguished as the first citizen of the me- 
tropolis as well as the leader of the bar. 
Enchanting as a guest and peerless as 
the host at the banquet board, he is, 
like Macgregor, the head of the table 
wherever he sits. If a notable from 
abroad visits our shores, he is chosen to 
bid him welcome. If a philanthropic, 
educational or clearly political movement 
is to be advanced he is summoned for 
the energizing event. If an historic occa- 
sion is to be observed or respect paid to 
the memory of a departed worthy, his is 
the informing utterance or the fitting 
tribute. Among his most notable ora- 
torical efforts may be mentioned that at 
the Metropolitan Fair in New York City, 
in 1864, that at the unveiling of the Far- 
ragut statue in New York (1881) and of 
Rufus Choate in the Boston Court House 
(1898), a labor of love, as he has often 
declared that he owes to Rufus Choate 
more than to any other man or men, to 
his example and inspiration, to his sym- 
pathy and helping hand, whatever suc- 
cess has attended his own professional 
efiforts ; on the "Trial by Jury" before the 
American Bar Association (1898) ; on 
Leverett Saltonstall (Boston, 1898) ; on 
Richard H. Dana, 1915, and the famous 
classic on Abraham Lincoln. 

Politically Dr. Choate has always been 



218 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



a Republican, the attainment of his ma- 
jority and the birth of the party being 
nearly coeval. A champion of its prin- 
ciples, he has taken the stump in its be- 
half in many campaigns, but has not 
hesitated to criticize its policies, when 
they seemed to him unwise, or its local 
leadership when it failed in rectitude of 
conduct. In other words he is an inde- 
pendent Republican ; uniformly the ad- 
vocate of purity in government and the 
scourge of abuses and corruption by 
whomsoever perpetrated. Thus he was 
prominent in the committee of seventy 
which, in 1871, broke up the Tweed ring 
and punished its chief malefactors. He has 
steadily refused to stand for office, once 
only consenting, in 1897, to be an inde- 
pendent Republican candidate for United 
States senator, but was defeated by what 
is known as the "organization." He has, 
however, accepted two positions of ex- 
alted import, among many tendered him, 
the one as a reviser of the organic law of 
the commonwealth and the other as the 
representative of the Republic in the 
most important post in the diplomatic 
service. 

The fourth constitutional convention, 
duly ordered by the people, a large major- 
ity of the delegates being Republicans, 
met in the Assembly Chamber at the 
Capitol in Albany, May 8, 1894, Dr. 
Choate, who had been a member of the 
Constitutional Commission of 1890, head- 
ing the list of the delegates at large. It 
was an able body of men, many of them 
having previously received honorable 
preferment, and was well equipped by 
learning and experience for the responsi- 
ble duty it was to fulfill. By practically 
uanimous acclaim Dr. Choate was select- 
ed as president. Although without previ- 
ous legislative experience, he at once re- 
vealed signal ability as a presiding officer 
— firm, dignified, impartial, resourceful— 



and commanded the esteem of his asso- 
ciates throughout, at times taking the 
floor to discuss propositions of exigent 
concern. He enlightened the convention 
by his speech, enlivened it by his wit, and 
charmed it by his courtesy. It framed 
an instrument accordant with his address 
on assuming the chair, in which, after 
prefacing a cordial tribute to the then 
existing constitution, he said : 

We are not commissioned, as I understand it, 
to treat it (the Constitution of '46) with any rude 
or sacrilegious hands. To its general features, 
the statutes, the judicial decisions, the habits of 
this great people have long been accustomed and 
adapted, and it seems to me, we should be false 
to our trust if we entered upon any attempt to 
tear asunder this structure which, for so many 
years, has satisfied, in the main, the wants of the 
people of the State of New York. And yet, he 
proceeded, there are certain great questions which 
we are here to consider, which stare us in the face 
at the very outset of the proceedings and will 
continue to employ our minds until the day of our 
final adjournment. 

Among these, he specified the reappor- 
tionment of the legislative districts, the 
government of cities, the relief of the 
court of appeals, the suffrage, education, 
and the regulation of legislative and 
court procedure. His ideas concerning 
these all found expression in the Con- 
stitution, which was ratified at the polls 
by a majority of nearly 100,000.* 

•A striking specimen of his subtle wit is stlU 
fresh in the minds of surviving members of the 
convention. Toward the end of the se^^sion. with 
business pressing, the president was desirous of 
restricting discussion as much as possible. A 
resolution being before the convention, the pres- 
ident stated that it was not likely to precipitate 
debate and directed the secretary to call the roll 
for a vote. That officer had not called more than 
two or three names when the courteous and dis- 
tinguished leader of the minority, the Hon. John 
M. Bowers, arose and said: "Mr. President, I 
would like to say something on the question." 
The president either unconsciously, or purposely, 
it would be difficult to say, paid no attention and 
still directed the secretary to proceed with the 
call; whereupon Mr. Bowers, with considerable 
excitement of manner and waving of hands ex- 
claimed, "No, Mr. President, I want to debate the 
resolution: we all want to debate it." "That is 
preeisely the same thing," the president quickly 
replied, and the call proceeded amid the laughter 
of the convention, in which Mr. Bowers himself 
cheerfully joined. 



219 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



In January, 1899, President McKinley 
nominated and the Senate promptly con- 
firmed him as Envoy Extraordinary and 
Minister Plenipotentiary to the Court of 
St. James. Retained by President Roose- 
velt, his embassy included six years 
(1899-1905). In the long and brilliant 
line of scholars, orators and statesmen, 
who have honored the nation in this lofty 
station, none has been more acceptable 
to his own country or persona grata, 
more pleasing to that to which he was 
accredited than Joseph Hodges Choate. 
In the amicable relations between the 
two peoples, never more pronounced than 
during his tenure, there were some deli- 
cate and difficult issues to determine ; in- 
cluding especially the Alaska boundary, 
the Panama canal question, and the main- 
tenance of the Open Door in China. He 
performed the regular duties of his office 
with dignity, fidelity and dispatch, the 
embassy was the home of visiting Amer- 
icans and the rights and needs of his 
countrymen were attended to scrupu- 
lously. Entertaining elegantly, but not 
ostentatiously, he was a welcome guest 
in all circles of rank and refinement, but 
it was abroad, as at home, that his speech 
conquered. Invitations to speak were 
showered upon him for literary and civic 
occasions, and to these he responded 
cheerfully and freely, never forgetting 
that he was an American, but never offen- 
sively obtruding his nationality, as too 
many of our diplomats have been wont 
to do. The esteem in which he was held 
is clearly shown in the university degrees 
bestowed upon him and the exclusive 
associations to which he was invited. 
Both on the social and official sides his 
mission was eminently successful, link- 
ing more closely the ties that unite the 
great communities of the Anglo-Saxon 
race. 

A fitting honor paid Mr. Choate was 
his appointment as head of the American 



delegates selected by President Roose- 
velt in 1907 to represent the United 
States at the second Peace Conference to 
meet at the Hague, June 15, 1907. The 
delegates received their instructions from 
Secretary of State Elihu Root under date 
of May 31, 1907, in these instructions out- 
lining the wishes and desires of this gov- 
ernment. The service rendered by Mr. 
Choate as plenipotentiary ambassador, 
representing the United States, was 
weighty and exceedingly valuable ; his 
addresses and arguments on compulsory 
arbitration, on an International Court of 
Appeal, and on the Immunity of Private 
Property at Sea, especially being worthy 
of preservation in government archives. 
Had the American project been adopted 
the history of the European conflict now 
raging would perhaps never need to be 
written. 

Forty-six States were invited to partici- 
pate in the labors of the Hague Confer- 
ence and but two failed to send repre- 
sentatives, Costa Rica and Ethiopia. In 
the official instructions to the delegates 
the United States government said, "You 
will urge upon the Peace Conference the 
formulation of international rules of war 
at sea," adding, "No rules should be 
adopted for the purpose of mitigating the 
evils of war to belligerents which will 
tend strongly to destroy the rights of 
neutrals, and no rules should be adopted 
regarding the rights of neutrals which 
will tend strongly to bring about war." 
"Special consideration should be given 
an agreement upon what shall be deemed 
to constitute contraband of war." On 
the question of arbitration the United 
States delegates were instructed by Sec- 
retary Root to secure a general treaty 
along the lines of the treaties negotiated 
by John Hay when Secretary of State and 
"to secure such a treaty you should use 
your best and most earnest efforts." 

The program for the work of the con- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ference was so elaborate that a division 
of the conference into four commissions 
was advisable. Mr. Choate was desig- 
nated with Horace Porter honorary presi- 
dents of the second and third commis- 
sions. Mr. Choate, on June 28, 1907, ad- 
dressed the conference on the American 
proposition, "The Immunity from Cap- 
ture of Private Unoffending Property of 
the Enemy upon the High Seas." 

In the language of the learned reporter, 
M. Henri Fromageot, Mr. Choate's argu- 
ment was "sustained with an eloquence 
and a dialectical force difficult to sur- 
pass." But the doctrine proved unaccept- 
able to the larger maritime nations. On 
July 18 he again addressed the confer- 
ence on the American proposition, inter- 
national arbitration, presenting most elo- 
quently and powerfully the proposition 
for a general agreement of arbitration 
among the nations. After ten weeks of 
discussion in the committee of Examina- 
tion A, the Anglo-American draft of a 
general treaty of arbitration was pre- 
sented to the first commission and was 
there debated with great warmth of feel- 
ing. On October 5 Mr. Choate again 
argued in favor of International Arbitra- 
tion and the adoption of the Anglo- 
American draft of a general treaty. On 
October 10 he argued at length against 
the Austro-Hungarian resolution which 
virtually meant postponement of the 
Anglo-American proposition of compul- 
sory arbitration which had secured a vote 
of thirty-two in its favor to nine against ; 
the opponents of the measure insisting 
upon the unanimity rule of international 
assemblies, and the opposition of Ger- 
many to a general treaty of arbitration 
finally proving fatal to the Anglo-Amer- 
ican project, the result of weeks of labor 
and discussion. Its partisans, however, 
secured the adoption of a resolution ad- 
mitting the principle of compulsory arbi- 



tration and declaring in favor of so set- 
tling "certain disputes." Mr. Choate 
voted against the resolution which 
seemed a retreat from the advanced posi- 
tion the commission had taken in its 
votes and on October 11, addressed the 
commission in a brief statement in be- 
half of the American delegation. At the 
closing session of the First Commission, 
October 11, 1907, Mr. Choate on behalf 
of the American delegation delivered an 
eloquent tribute to M. Bourgeois, presi- 
dent of the First Commission to which 
the question of arbitration had been as- 
signed. In closing he said : "During 
these four months, Mr. President, we 
have lived happily under your benign 
dominion, we have worked hard, and have 
earned the bread of the conference by 
the sweat of our brows, and there have 
been moments of trial and suffering, but 
in separating, we look back with satisfac- 
tion upon our labors, thanks greatly to 
your beneficent and harmonizing spirit." 

Other addresses made by Mr. Choate at 
the conference were on the establishment 
of an International Court of Justice (July 
1 1 ) and on the American project for a 
Permanent Court of Arbitral Justice (Au- 
gust i). 

Those four months spent in delibera- 
tion with chosen minds of all nations 
constitute a record that is not only a 
source of satisfaction to Mr. Choate and 
the entire American delegation, but one 
in which the American nation takes great 
pride. 

Dr. Choate's residence for nine months 
in the year is at No. 8 East Sixty-third 
street. New York. The other three 
months he sets apart for comparative re- 
laxation and repose at Stockbridge in 
the Berkshire hills, where he dispenses 
a gracious hospitality. He married, Oc- 
tober 16, 1861, Caroline Dutcher, daugh- 
ter of Frederick A. Sterling, of Cleve- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



land, Ohio, and sister of President Theo- 
dore Sterling, late president of Kenyon 
College. Mrs. Choate, and two sons, 
George and Joseph Hodges, Jr., and one 
daughter are living. 



HAVEMEYER, John Craig, 
Man of Affairs, Philanthropist, Author. 

This tribute of respect is dedicated to 
a man who has lived long and has lived 
well. The story of his life is full of les- 
sons, full of interest, full of inspiration. 
It covers a period when a great number 
of social, civic and religious reforms were 
effected with which he was identified. 
Now, an octogenarian, Mr. Havemeyer 
has stood through this long number of 
years for the highest ideals of citizenship, 
his voice has always been raised and his 
influence unswervingly cast on the side 
of right and righteous living, whether a 
business man, citizen, philanthropist or 
Christian, he has consistently sought to 
embody in his life the principle of Him 
who said : "I came not to be ministered 
unto, but to minister." 

The Havemeyers came from the Ger- 
man middle class, removed alike from 
noble and serf, which preserved through 
out the darkness of the Middle Ages the 
learning, energy and independence of 
character which made Northern and Cen- 
tral Germany receptive to Luther and the 
Reformation. Bueckeburg, in the prin- 
cipality of Schaumburg-Lippe, was the 
home city of the Havemeyers and there 
Hermann Hoevemeyer (as sometimes 
spelled) with nineteen others formed a 
Baker's Guild in 1644. Dietrich William 
Hoevemeyer, born 1725, was a master 
baker, a member of the Common Council 
of the City of Bueckeburg and served in 
the Seventy Years' War. 

The first of the family to come to 
America was William Havemeyer, grand- 
father of John Craig Havemeyer. Or- 



phaned at an early age, he had gone to 
England at fifteen, and in London 
learned sugar refining, eventually becom- 
ing superintendent of a refinery. He 
came to New York under contract with 
Edmund Seaman & Company to take 
charge of their sugar house in Pine street, 
bringing with him a bill of exchange for 
sixty pounds sterling, dated London, 
March 12, 1799, drawn on James J. Roose- 
velt, merchant, New York. He com- 
pleted the terms of his contract in 1807, 
then at once began business for himself, 
establishing one of the first sugar refin- 
eries in New York City, its location be- 
tween Hudson and Greenwich streets, on 
Vandam street. He became a naturalized 
citizen in 1807 and at his death, August 
13, 1851, aged eighty-one years, he left 
a comfortable estate to his four children : 
Anna, Amelia, Albert and William Fred- 
erick. 

William Frederick Havemeyer, father 
of John Craig Havemeyer, was born at 
No. 31 Pine street, New York City, Feb- 
ruary 12, 1804, died during his third term 
as mayor of New York, while in per- 
formance of his official duties at the City 
Hall, November 30, 1874. After prepara- 
tion in private schools he entered Colum- 
bia College, whence he was graduated, 
class of 1823, having particularly distin- 
guished himself in mathematics. He ob- 
tained a thorough business training as 
clerk in his father's sugar refinery, and 
in 1823 formed a partnership with his 
cousin, Frederick Christian Havemeyer, 
under the firm name of W. F. & F. C. 
Havemeyer, sugar refiners. In 1842, after 
fourteen years in successful business, he 
sold his interests in the firm to his 
brother, Albert Havemeyer, and retired 
with a competency honorably earned. 

His prominent connection with public 
affairs began in 1844 and continued until 
his death thirty years later. He was a 
Democrat, and an enthusiastic supporter 




C4/6. 



^4-'^t_-C^2^_^/^ ^-^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of Andrew Jackson during the years "Old 
Hickory" was so potent a power in the 
land. In 1844 he was chosen to repre- 
sent his ward in the Tammany Hall Con- 
vention. At the succeeding State Demo- 
cratic Convention held at Syracuse, Sep- 
tember 4, 1844, he was nominated presi- 
dential elector, and in the Electoral Col- 
lege cast the vote of New York State for 
James K. Polk, of Tennessee, for Presi- 
dent and George M. Dallas, of Pennsyl- 
vania, for Vice-President. 

He became a member of the general 
committee of Tammany Hall and dis- 
played so marked a business ability that 
he was chosen chairman of the finance 
committee. He became very influential 
in the party, but was too independent in 
his actions to please the politicians who, 
to forestall his appointment by President 
Polk as collector of the port of New York, 
offered him the nomination for the mayor- 
alty. This was in the day when national 
party power was of greater importance to 
Tammany Hall than city control ; the ad- 
ministration of the city with its then but 
four hundred thousand population being 
comparatively simple. The Department 
of Charities and Correction was governed 
by a single officer ; the police were ap- 
pointed, controlled and dismissed by the 
mayor; "Jobs" were unknown and 
"rings" had not yet been invented. The 
office of mayor, however, was something 
more than a civic honor. 

Mr. Havemeyer was elected mayor by 
a large majority in April, 1845, and at 
once directed his special attention to 
police aiifairs, the Common Council pass- 
ing at his instance an ordinance provid- 
ing for a municipal police force. Under 
its terms he nominated George W. Mat- 
sell for Chief of Police and he was con- 
firmed, great reforms were introduced in 
city government, one of the most impor- 
tant relating to immigration. Upon his 
advice the Legislature passed an act cre- 



ating the board of "Commissioners of 
Emigration," there having been no offi- 
cial supervision of immigration by State 
or City prior to that board. Mayor 
Havemeyer was appointed the first presi- 
dent of the board and remained its head 
after his term as mayor expired. The 
Ward's Island institution for emigrants 
was established by Mr. Havemeyer and 
his associates. At the expiration of his 
first term he was reelected, untiring 
energy, ability and devotion characteriz- 
ing both administrations. He declined a 
third term and for several years retired 
from active participation in politics. In 
1857, when the metropolitan police com- 
missioner and the mayor, Fernando Wood, 
were struggling for control of the police 
force, Mr. Havemeyer came out of retire- 
ment and aided Chief Matsell. In 1859 
he was a candidate for mayor in a tri- 
angular contest and was defeated. 

From 1851 until 1861 he was president 
of the Bank of North America, and from 
1857 until 1861 he was president of the 
New York Savings Bank, taking the office 
at a time of great peril to the bank and 
leaving it upon a secure foundation. For 
several years he was vice-president of the 
Long Island Railroad Company and held 
similar relation to the Pennsylvania Coal 
Company. 

During the Civil War he was an un- 
wavering and earnest supporter of the 
government at Washington. He presided 
over one of the four great meetings held 
simultaneously in Union Square, April 
21, 1 861, to give expression to the patri- 
otic sentiments of the people of New 
York. In July, 1866, he was selected in 
conjunction with Thurlow Weed as arbi- 
trator of a long dispute between the 
Board of Public Charities and the Board 
of Commissioners of Emigration involv- 
ing an amount in excess of $100,000. Their 
report was satisfactory to both parties 
and the controversy ended. Twelve years 



223 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



were passed in quiet before Mr. Have- 
meyer again entered the public arena, to 
lead the fight against the Tweed Ring. 
Tammany Hall, under the control of Wil- 
liam M. Tweed, had become an organiza- 
tion of banditti, with the city treasury and 
the city's credit at its mercy. Many mil- 
lions of dollars were stolen and divided 
between Tweed and his confederates, 
their methods of plundering so ingenious 
and so well marked under a pretence of 
legitimate public expenditures, that even 
eminent financiers were deceived as to 
the real condition of affairs. So greatly 
were they deceived that they signed a 
certificate exonerating the "Ring," while 
the rank and file of Tammany Hall ac- 
claimed the leaders, who scattered with 
a free hand a share of the stolen funds 
among their followers. 

Mr. Havemeyer, however, was one of 
the men who were not deceived, and in 
the spring of 1870 united with other 
patriotic citizens in organizing the New 
York City Council of Reform, whose ob- 
ject was to rescue the city from its plun- 
derers and bring the guilty to the bar of 
justice. Mr. Havemeyer was its first 
president, and presided at the first great 
meeting of citizens held at Cooper Insti- 
tute, April 6, 1871, and the still more im- 
portant meeting held at the same place, 
September 4, 1871, which created the 
Committee of Seventy, of which Mr. 
Havemeyer was for two months vice- 
president and afterwards president. 

The story of the final overthrow of the 
corrupt "Ring" is a familiar one. After 
Mr. Havemeyer and Samuel J. Tilden 
gained access to the Broadway Bank in 
which the members of the "Ring" kept 
their accounts and obtained the legal 
proof of the enormous thefts, criminal 
prosecution completely broke the power 
of the "Ring" whose members fled, died, 
or gave themselves up to the law. 

The mayoralty campaign of 1872 saw 



Tammany Hall with a very respectable 
candidate, the Apollo Hall Democracy 
with another, but neither candidate had 
the endorsement of the Committee of 
Seventy which just then was a power in 
politics. The Republican party saw their 
opportunity and nominated William F. 
Havemeyer, whose record as a war Dem- 
ocrat was satisfactory to the Republicans 
and whose services in behalf of reform 
rendered him acceptable to the Commit- 
tee of Seventy. He was elected and for 
a third time occupied the highest execu- 
tive office of the city. His third term was 
a stormy one, being a series of contests 
with the Board of Aldermen. Party 
leaders and private cliques were anxious 
to dictate or control appointments. The 
discomfited but not annihilated followers 
of Tweed were on the alert to discredit 
him. An indiscreet word or act, an un- 
acceptable nomination, anything in short 
which either was or could be construed 
into a mistake was certain to be seized 
upon by vigilant antagonists and by 
selfish interests to which he refused to 
be subservient. But he "fought the good 
fight," and "kept the faith," breaking 
down under the strain, however, and 
dying at his desk in the City Hall. 

A New York morning journal none too 
friendly to him said : "He was a Mayor 
whose honesty of purpose had never been 
impugned," and that the real fruit of the 
Reform party "is to be seen in the puri- 
fied Democratic party which has just 
now, two years after the election of Mr. 
Havemeyer, carried New York by a ma- 
jority almost unexampled." 

An impartial religious journal said: 
"He had been called in a trying time to 
fill a difficult position. More was ex- 
pected of him than he could perhaps ac- 
complish. Unfortunately for him he was 
controlled by a partiality for old friends 
with which the city had neither sympathy 
or patience. He knew the men with 



224 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



whom he had associated in years long 
gone by better than the men of to-day, 
and with the tenacity of a strong nature 
clung to them." 

Mayor Havemeyer was for years a 
member of the board of trustees of Cen- 
tral Methodist Episcopal Church, was 
deeply interested in its property, gave 
liberally to its current expenses, to its 
benevolences and was a regular attend- 
ant on the public Sunday services. 

Mayor Havemeyer married Sarah 
Agnes Craig, of Scotch ancestry. Her 
grandfather, James Craig, came from 
Paisley, Scotland, and settled at Bloom- 
ing Grove, Orange county. New York, 
and was the founder of the manufactur- 
ing village of Craigville, formerly known 
as Cromeline on Grey Court Creek, a 
powder mill said to have been located 
there during the Revolution. In 1790 
James Craig erected a paper mill, the first 
in Orange county. His wife was the 
daughter of Captain Hector McNeil, who 
commanded the United States ship "Bos- 
ton" in 1777 and was third of the twenty- 
four naval captains appointed by Con- 
gress, October 10, 1776. 

Their son. Hector Craig, was born in 
Scotland, coming to this country with his 
parents. In 1816 he was one of the in- 
corporators and secretary of the Bloom- 
ing Grove and New Windsor Turnpike 
and in 1818 also secretary of the Orange 
County Agricultural Society. In 1823- 
25 he was a Congressman, again elected 
in 1829, but resigned before his term ex- 
pired to accept appointment by President 
Jackson in 1830 to the post of collector 
of the port of New York. He was re- 
moved from that ofifice by President Van 
Buren for political reasons. In 1832 he 
was commissioner of insolvency for the 
Southern District of New York. He mar- 
ried a daughter of John Chandler, of 
Blooming Grove, a large land owner. 



storekeeper and miller, also trading with 
the West Indies, a man of importance in 
Orange county. Their daughter, Sarah 
Agnes Craig, was a country bred girl, a 
fine horsewoman in her younger days. 
She was educated in the famous Emma 
Willard School at Troy, New York. Her 
marriage to William F. Havemeyer was 
a very happy one, and in her afifection, 
practical intelligence and earnest cooper- 
ation her husband found much of inspi- 
ration that led him onward in a notable 
business and official career. Mrs. Have- 
meyer was the mother of ten children, 
her heart was centered in her home, and 
her husband and children were her joy 
and pride. She was very charitable, had 
deep religious convictions, was earnest 
and sincere, her example and teaching 
potent in moulding the lives and charac- 
ters of her children. She lived to the age 
of eighty-seven and between her and her 
third child, John C, there existed the most 
intimate fellowship. The family home 
was located in what is now a far down 
town section on Vandam street, adjoin- 
ing the sugar house, and there John Craig 
Havemeyer was born. 

John Craig Havemeyer was born May 
31, 1833, son of William Frederick and 
Sarah Agnes (Craig) Havemeyer. Until 
his eleventh year he attended various pri- 
vate schools, Miss Durant's, Greenwich 
and Charlton streets. Miss Houghton's, 
Vandam near Varick street, and Mr. Mar- 
tin's in Dominick street. At the age of 
eleven he was sent to the boarding school 
of Rev. Robert W. Harris, White Plains, 
New York. From a diary neatly kept 
during this period it is found that the 
studies he pursued were Latin, Greek, 
mathematics, French, geography, history 
and spelling and that the religious ele- 
ment was prominent in the training he 
there received. He remained at White 
Plains about two years, then entered the 



N Y— Vol IV_15 



225 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



grammar school of Columbia College, 
there gaining special commendation for 
excellence in English. He was unusually 
facile in expressing himself in good Eng- 
lish while quite young and when but 
fourteen one of his youthful essays, "The 
Seasons," was admitted into the public 
print. During portions of 1848-49 he was 
a student at New York University, but 
ill health and particularly poor eyesight 
compelled him to withdraw from college. 
He, however, continued his studies in pri- 
vate and became a member of two debat- 
ing societies, the Philosophian Society, of 
which he was chosen president in 1850, 
and the Addisonian, which he was instru- 
mental in organizing in January, 1851. 
The debates in these societies in which 
the boy took active part were of great 
aid to him in cultivating that fluency, 
clarity and directness of expression for 
which he has always been noted. The 
abandonment of his college course was a 
severe blow to him and brought him 
much sadness and disappointment. For 
a time he did nothing, then attempted to 
secure a position but the fact that his 
father was mayor created a peculiar diffi- 
culty. He became discouraged and re- 
solved to "run away," and go by vessel 
to California, but his father learned of 
his plans and busied himself in the boy's 
behalf, finally securing him a position 
with his uncle in a grocery store on Ful- 
ton street, where he received fifty dollars 
for his first year's work. 

The following pledge solemnly taken 
and kept with an extract from his diary 
reveals his moral and religious sentiment, 
deliberate judgment and will power, 
even in youth : "I, the undersigned, 
do hereby solemnly promise and declare 
that I will, as far as in me lies, totally 
abstain from the use of tobacco, snuff or 
segars, and in addition thereto do sol- 
emnly affirm that I will refrain partaking 
in large or small quantities of intoxicat- 



ing liquors of any kind so ever from date 
until arrived at the age of twenty-one and 
if then this course be found beneficial 
whether or not I will follow this rule the 
rest of life, remains for myself to de- 
termine." The above has been drawn out 
and is now signed from a growing incli- 
nation towards indulging in them ex- 
hibiting itself. From his diary, date of 
November 14, 1850, this extract is taken : 

In my eighteenth year, of moderate size and 
passable looks, engaged in the grocery business 
with an uncle, I sometimes feel a contentment 
and at others a depression of spirits which alter- 
nately makes me satisfied with my condition and 
again spreads on all objects around a gloom 
which a day of active exercise alone can dispel. 
But my trust is in God. He will answer my 
prayers and give me the equilibrium of disposi- 
tion, the sobriety of thought and activity of mind 
and body which I have long and earnestly de- 
sired. I wish to be neither too grave nor gay, 
but desire to unite the two traits in such a 
manner as will render me a happy medium. 

Above all things I would be governed in my 
actions and thoughts by a high and holy principle 
which will lead me always to consider the right 
and justice; influence me to act kindly and gen- 
erously toward all, to relieve the wants of the 
destitute, encourage the disheartened and which 
will impart to my character a firmness and proper 
dignity and give to my feelings an elevation 
which shall act as a talisman to protect me from 
the low contaminations surrounding me, by which 
I sometimes fear that I have been somewhat 
corrupted. 

From June 12, 1852, until March 27, 
1853, he took an extended tour through 
Europe and the countries bordering the 
Mediterranean, a journey taken at his 
father's instance as a health measure, but 
for the young man it became a period of 
investigation and study, not mere sight- 
seeing. At Bueckeburg, the home of his 
German ancestors, he visited the house in 
which his grandfather was born. His let- 
ters from European cities and from the 
Holy Land display an interest in every- 
thing he saw, and a close observation 
that enabled him to write most interest- 



226 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ingly and intelligently of the countries he 
visited. He returned to New York from 
Havre on the steamer "Humbolt," arriv- 
ing home in April, 1853. 

With his return from Europe, Mr. 
Havemeyer began his business life in 
earnest. He became clerk in the Have- 
meyer & Moller Sugar House and in a 
few months wrote to his sister: "I went 
into the sugar house as clerk towards 
the last of December and have now (Jan- 
uary 30, 1853) entire charge of the office." 
During this period he was vice-president 
of the Everett Club, a debating society, 
and was active in the support of religion 
and the church. 

On the last day of the year 1855 he 
signed a partnership agreement with 
Charles E. Bertrand, then beginning his 
independent career as a sugar refiner. 
The firm Havemeyer & Bertrand was 
located at Williamsburg at what is now 
the corner of South Third and First 
streets, Brooklyn. Six months later a 
cousin, F. C. Havemeyer, was admitted 
to the firm. The difficulty in getting 
proper machinery from Germany caused 
delay and loss, and after nine months of 
struggle Mr. Havemeyer sold his inter- 
est to Havemeyer & Moller. 

In November, 1S56, he started on a 
journey intending to travel east and west 
until he found a business opportunity and 
wherever he found a business opportun- 
ity there to settle, but after visiting Bos- 
ton and Worcester he returned to New 
York, there deciding to remain. In 
March, 1857, he entered the employ of 
Havemeyer & Moller and during the fall 
•of that year made a business trip to De- 
troit and other places, a journey he re- 
cords in his diary as one on which he 
"made the acquaintance of several prin- 
cipal firms in the grocery business." In 
January, 1859, ^^ made a special arrange- 
ment with the firm of William Moller & 
Company, Steam Sugar Refiners, as 



salesman and agent, with power of attor- 
ney, his compensation $3,000 a year and 
a share of the net profits of the business. 
His responsibilities were very great and 
involved business trips to various parts 
of the country. The entries in his diary 
at this period, although meagre, show 
him to have been in improved health and 
spirits and very active in his business. 
Yet, business cares did not prevent his 
giving time to the church, Sunday school, 
Young Men's Christian Association, Bible 
Society and the Everett Club, and 
wherever he happened to be on a Sun- 
day he always attended Divine service. 

About the end of January, i860, Mr. 
Havemeyer left William Moller & Com- 
pany, and very soon afterward started 
independently as a commission merchant 
with offices first at No. 107 Water street, 
later at No. 175 Pearl street, also becom- 
ing a member of the New York Produce 
Exchange. It was at that time that Mr. 
Havemeyer, prompted by devotion to 
Christian business principle, had Scrip- 
tural quotations printed on his business 
letterheads. His father objected to the 
practice and in deference to him the prac- 
tice was discontinued. Mr. Havemeyer 
admitted his brother Henry to a partner- 
ship in 1865 under the firm name of John 
C. Havemeyer & Brother. Their busi- 
ness was largely in tobacco and rice, later 
many other articles were handled and 
journeys east, west and south were 
necessary. This business relation existed 
until July, 1869, when the firm of Have- 
meyer & Company, composed of Albert 
and Hector C. Havemeyer, engaged John 
C. Havemeyer to conduct the mercantile 
part of their sugar refining business with 
power of attorney. This was an ex- 
tremely responsible position, involving 
extensive purchases and sales of sugar; 
"and any other articles for the use of or 
being the product of one refinery, or 
otherwise required by our business, to 
27 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



draw or endorse checks and orders for 
the payment of money, to make or in- 
dorse any promissory notes or bills of 
exchange, to borrow money and generally 
to negotiate and transact in the name and 
in behalf of said firm, all financial and 
commercial matters properly relating to 
said business as fully and effectually as 
either we or either of us as copartners 
in said firm could do if present." Under 
so wide a contract Mr. Havemeyer 
worked for nine months when Have- 
meyer & Company sold out to Have- 
meyer & Elder, January 7, 1870. From 
that time until 1880 Mr. Havemeyer was 
a member of the firm of Havemeyer 
Brothers & Company, Sugar Refiners, 
No. 89 Wall street. He sold his one- 
sixth interest in the firm in September, 
1880, to John E. Searles, Jr., of No. 100 
Wall street, retiring from that time on 
from all connection with the sugar busi- 
ness ; often during later years it has been 
erroneously stated that he was a member 
of the "Sugar Trust." Many times he 
has been falsely attacked in that connec- 
tion and to disprove the charge he has in 
several instances publicly set forth his 
relations, terminating in 1880, to the busi- 
ness of sugar refining. 

From 1880 until his retirement. Mr. 
Havemeyer confined his business opera- 
tions to real estate dealing in the States 
of Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New 
York, and the region now the State of 
Oklahoma. During the seventies he was 
president of the Central Railroad of Long 
Island, associated as a bondholder with 
the Darien Short Line Railroad in 1893, 
in 1890 prominently connected with the 
reorganization of the Toledo, St. Louis 
& Kansas City Railroad Company, and 
for some time was a trustee of the Con- 
tinental Trust Company of New York. 

During the years 1876 to 1881 Mr. 
Havemeyer, as the executor of the will of 
his father, found himself with his brother 



Henry the defendants in a suit brought 
by the administrators of the estate of his 
uncle, Albert Havemeyer, involving the 
charge of a breach of contract in the sale 
of a large amount of stock of the Long 
Island Railroad Company. Two juries 
decided against the defendants but on 
appeal the verdict was reversed, Judge 
William H. Taft, afterward President, 
was one of the judges who decided the 
case in John C. and Henry Havemeyer's 
favor. 

In the home of his distinguished father 
and in subsequent social and business re- 
lations, Mr. Havemeyer frequently met 
men of great reputation and influence. 
One of these was Samuel J. Tilden, the 
great lawyer and Democratic idol, who 
used often to visit Mayor Havemeyer at 
his home, Mr. Tilden, a bachelor, then 
living on Union Square near Fourteenth 
street. He left a lasting impression on 
Mr. Havemeyer on account of his irregu- 
lar habits of life. He went to bed very 
late and got up very late, not before ten 
in the morning. He had false teeth and 
when agitated moved them about in his 
mouth and as his agitation increased 
would take them out and place them on 
the table. He drew up Mr. Havemeyer's 
partnership papers and warned him that 
it was important to look into all the de- 
tails of a partner's character, very much 
the same as when one got married. In 
the early eighties Mr. Havemeyer was 
connected in business with John Wana- 
maker, the great merchant and states- 
man, and has some interesting letters ex- 
changed with that great man, with Judge 
Taft, and many other men of an earlier 
day. Colonei Robert G. Ingersoll, the 
noted agnostic, was also brought in busi- 
ness touch with him, and an interesting 
correspondence between the two men is 
preserved, all the more interesting on ac- 
count of the abysmal difference between 
them in relation to Christian belief. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



For forty years after his marriage in 
1872 Mr. Havemeyer made Yonkers his 
home and took a deep interest in promot- 
ing its prosperity. He advocated public 
parks, headed the agitation which result- 
ed in old historic Manor Hall being saved 
and transferred to the State of New York, 
and at the dedication of "Hollywood Inn," 
a non-sectarian club house for young 
men, represented St. John's Chapter of 
the Brotherhood of St. Andrew in a 
speech full of deep feeling. He was and 
is opposed to war on Christian grounds, 
depreciates the patriotism that is found- 
ed on military or naval prowess, believes 
that humanity and religion are above 
patriotism and the law of universal love 
before that of allegiance to one's country, 
and that as long as mankind shall con- 
tinue to bestow more liberal applause on 
their destroyers than on their benefactors 
the thirst for military glory will ever be 
the vice of the most exalted characters. 
He has maintained his positions in the 
religious and secular press, beginning at 
the age of seventeen with an article in the 
New York "Evening Post," of which Wil- 
liam Cullen Bryant was the editor, down 
to the present, taking issue with Theo- 
dore Roosevelt's article in the "Outlook" 
in 1909 on "Great Armaments and Peace," 
answering it in the "Christian Advocate" 
of New York. He was a Democrat by 
inheritance, but never has been narrowly 
partisan. He warmly supported Grover 
Cleveland for President, and in 1908 sup- 
ported Bryan, but with little enthusiasm, 
believing on the whole he represented 
better principles than his opponent. He 
bitterly opposed the use of the pulpit as 
a political rostrum. In 1903, when capi- 
tal and labor were in bitter controversy, 
Mr. Havemeyer endeavored to bring 
about a better mutual understanding by 
public discussion and at his own expense 
obtained Music Hall, Yonkers, in which 
to hold the meeting, his position being 



wholly impartial, only seeking to estab- 
lish the fact that both capital and labor 
were under obligations to higher de- 
mands of humanity and religion. 

Mr. Havemeyer was reared in the at- 
mosphere of a religious home, and at 
about the age of sixteen made an open 
profession of religion and joined the 
Methodist church. From this early age 
he associated himself actively with all 
departments of his church, believing them 
all essential to the development of the 
best type of Christian character. In 1862 
he aided in founding the Christian 
Brotherhood of Central Methodist Epis- 
copal Church, New York, of which Rev. 
Alfred Cookman of sainted memory was 
pastor, and became its first president. 
After settling in Yonkers he joined the 
First Methodist Church and has never 
removed his membership. He was treas- 
urer of the building committee in charge 
of the erection of the present beautiful 
church edifice and he has been a devoted 
and influential layman of the church he 
loves for over sixty years. For a number 
of years he was closely associated with 
the work of the Evangelical Alliance and 
a member of the executive committee. 
In the work of the Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association, he has taken a lively 
interest since youth, his membership dat- 
ing back to 1855 when the association 
occupied rooms in Clinton Hall, Astor 
Place. It was largely through his aid 
that the Yonkers branch was established. 
Fie was its first president, personally 
raised the first year's salary of the gen- 
eral secretary, was for years president 
of the board of trustees, was a recognized 
association speaker and addressed more 
Young Men's Christian Association audi- 
ences than any man in Yonkers, com- 
pleted the fund to pay ofif its mortgage 
indebtedness, and as the secretary writes: 
"There hangs in my office, just over my 
desk, a fine portrait of the kindly earnest, 
229 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



generous face of my friend, John C. 
Havemeyer, with the inscription on the 
frame, 'John C. Havemeyer, First Presi- 
dent of the Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation 1881'." 

For many years he was a local preacher 
of his church and occupied many pulpits 
other than those of his own denomina- 
tion. The Bible is his great and final 
authority ; what can be proved by it is 
binding beyond dispute. He believes 
thoroughly in personal Christian work, in 
strict Sabbath observance. He has writ- 
ten many monographs, among others "A 
Study of Labor Unions," "Patriotism," 
"Shall We Prepare for War in Time of 
Peace," "The Needs of the Church from 
a Layman's Standpoint," "What is Love 
of Country," "Great Armaments and 
Peace," "Fundamental Facts About Re- 
ligion," and "Foundation Truth." His 
newspaper articles are legion and there 
has been no great moral, religious or 
ethical question of his time that he has 
not publicly discussed, and has never 
sought an obscure person to discuss it 
with. 

Personal philanthropy cannot be fairly 
dealt with in a biography for the essence 
of true benevolence is secrecy. But phi- 
lanthropy is an indication of character 
and the method and spirit in which it ex- 
presses itself deserve careful considera- 
tion. Mr. Havemeyer was born with an 
inherited disposition to help those in need 
and was trained to do good from earliest 
days by precept and home example. He 
believes in simple living and regards 
wealth as a stewardship for which an ac- 
count must finally be rendered. He gives 
systematically and as far as possible finds 
out all he can concerning the person or 
cause he is assisting. He holds decided 
opinions upon philanthropy, as he does 
upon every question he deems of impor- 
tance, and is not easily driven from a 



position in which he has intrenched him- 
self particularly if it be a Bible truth. He 
is conscientious to the last degree, emi- 
nently fair in argument and most cour- 
teous. A strong character and one the 
world should know better. 

Mr. Havemeyer married in Athens, 
Greece, December 5, 1872, Alice Alide 
Francis, daughter of John Morgan and 
Harriet E. (Tucker) Francis. Her father 
was for three years United States minis- 
ter to Greece, later United States am- 
bassador to Austria-Hungary, and owner 
as well as editor of the Troy (New York) 
"Times." Mr. Havemeyer met his future 
bride in 1871 in Brussels, where she was 
sojourning with her parents. Later they 
became engaged and in November, 1872, 
sailed from New York to Greece to claim 
his bride. A number of distinguished 
guests were present at the marriage, 
among them several missionaries. They 
made Yonkers their permanent home. 



CLARKE, R. Floyd, 

Attoraey-at-Law, Author. 

Mr. Clarke is descended on the father's 
side from one of the oldest Rhode Island 
families, with straight descent from the 
English family of Clarkes, originally 
located at Westhorpe, Suffolk county, 
England, whose pedigree can be traced 
back with the aid of Parish Registers and 
an ancient Bible to John Clarke, of Wes- 
thorpe, Suffolk county, England, who died 
there in 1559. (See "The Clarke Families 
of Rhode Island," by George Austin Mor- 
rison, Jr., page 13). 

The grandson of this John Clarke was 
also of Westhorpe, and had among his 
seven children four males known as the 
"Immigrants," namely, second son Ca- 
rewe, third son Thomas, fifth son John, 
seventh son Joseph, who emigrated to 
America about 1637. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Of these four immigrants, John Clarke, 
born October 8, 1609, died April 20, 1676, 
was the most prominent. (See sketch of 
him in 4 "Appleton's American Cyclo- 
paedia," 640, and "Story of Dr. John 
Clarke, Founder of Rhode Island,' by 
Thomas W. Bicknell.) He devoted him- 
self to study, and at twenty-eight years of 
age we find him holding two professions 
— that of a physician and also that of an 
ordained minister of the Baptist faith. 
He appears in the Catalogue of the Uni- 
versity of Leyden, Holland, 1575-1875, as 
one of the students there on July 17, 1635 
("Story of Dr. John Clarke," jM/>ra, p. 74) ; 
and during his life he practiced both pro- 
fessions in New England, and also prac- 
ticed as a physician in London for twelve 
years while he was engaged in obtaining 
the charter for Rhode Island hereinafter 
mentioned. 

He emigrated to Boston in November, 
1637. Owing to his views on religious 
toleration, he came in conflict with the 
Puritan element, and was practically 
banished, and proceeded with others to 
form a settlement on the Island of Aquid- 
neck, Rhode Island. Later, in 165 1, hav- 
ing held religious services at Lynn, he 
and two companions were sentenced to 
pay fines, or else to be whipped, and to 
remain in prison until paid, for their meet- 
ing at William Witter's about July 21st, 
and then and at other times preaching 
and blaspheming, etc. On August 31, 
165 1, from his prison he wrote to the 
Honored Court assembled at Boston, ac- 
cepting the profifer publicly made the day 
before of a dispute with the ministers, 
and therefore "do desire you would ap- 
point the time when, and the person with 
whom" the points might be disputed pub- 
licly. This challenge to a debate was not 
accepted, and his fine and Air. Crandall's 
were paid by friends without their con- 
sent, they thus escaping corporal punish- 



ment. His fellow prisoner, Holmes, was 
publicly flogged. ("Story of Dr. John 
Clarke," supra, p. 85.) 

Later, Dr. Clarke and Roger Williams 
proceeded to England — Clarke represent- 
ing the Newport and Aquidneck colonies, 
and Williams the Providence colony. 
Williams returned, but Clarke remained 
in England for twelve years, watching 
over and advancing the aiifairs of the 
Colony, and finally obtained from the 
Government of Charles II. a Royal Char- 
ter for Rhode Island in the year 1663. 
This charter contains the first guarantee 
of civil and religious freedom in America. 
In fact it is the first charter of religious 
toleration ever granted. This charter 
provided : "that no person within the said 
colony at any time hereafter shall be in 
anywise molested, punished, disquieted or 
called in question for any differences of 
opinion in matters of religion, which do not 
actually disturb the civil peace." ("Story 
of Dr. John Clarke," supra, p. 193.) 
The provisions in this charter, embody- 
ing freedom of religious thought and wor- 
ship with a temperate and just civil gov- 
ernment as opposed to the narrow and 
dogmatic attitude of the other New Eng- 
land colonies at this time upon these 
questions was chiefly the idea and con- 
ception of John Clarke. ("Story of Dr. 
John Clarke," supra.) 

Dr. Clarke maintained himself in Eng- 
land by using his own funds, and we find 
later that the town of Providence and 
other towns voted him a partial compen- 
sation for his outlays. On returning to 
the Colonies, he settled at Newport, and 
later died there, without issue, after hold- 
ing various religious and public offices. 
("Story of Dr. John Clarke, supra.) 

While John Clarke left no issue, his 
three brothers left issue, resulting in one 
of the three branches of the Clarke family 
in the United States. 



23^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Joseph Clarke, of Westhorpe, Suffolk 
county, England, and later of Newport 
and Westerly, brother of John Clarke, 
is the ancestor of R. Floyd Clarke, of this 
review. Joseph Clarke was admitted an 
inhabitant of the Island of Aquidneck at 
Newport in 1638. He was president at 
the General Court of Election in 1640, 
and became a freeman on March 17, 1641. 
He was made one of the original mem- 
bers of the First Baptist Church of New- 
port in 1644. and a member of the General 
Court of Trials in 1648 ; he became a free- 
man of the Colony and acted as a com- 
missioner in 1655-57-58-59 and was as- 
sistant in 1658-63-64-65-78-80-90. His 
name appears in the charter granted to 
Rhode Island by Charles II., July 8, 1663. 
He became a freeman at Westerly in 
1668, and acted as deputy to the General 
Assembly in 1668-69-70-71-72-90. He was 
a member of the Court of Justices of the 
Peace in 1677. He returned to Newport 
in the later years of his life. ("Clarke 
Families of Rhode Island," Morrison, p. 
23.) 

The descendants of Joseph Clarke, the 
immigrant above referred to, continued 
living in Newport and Westerly and occu- 
pying various religious and political posi- 
tions from time to time until the eighth 
generation was represented by Thomas 
Clarke, of Westerly, and later of North 
Stonington, Connecticut, born June 10, 
1749, died May 28, 1832, married, June 10, 
1770, Olive Marsh, of Hartford, Vermont, 
among whose eleven children was a son, 
Samuel, born June 23, 1790 (ibid. p. 69). 

This Samuel Clarke was the grand- 
father of R. Floyd Clarke. The story as 
told in the family is that Samuel Clarke 
was of a studious turn of mind, and pre- 
ferred books to ploughing, much to the 
chagrin of his father, Thomas Clarke; 
that on one occasion when the boy was 
about fifteen vears old, his father caught 



him reading Euclid in the shade of a tree 
while the horses and plough stood idle 
in the furrow. Result — serious parental 
chastisement, and that night the young- 
ster ran away to sea. Beginning as a 
cabin boy in the New England West 
Indies trade, he soon became a super- 
cargo, waxed well in this world's goods — 
married Eliza Burnell, daughter of an 
English sea captain at Nassau, in the Ba- 
hamas, and taking her to the United 
States established himself as a factor, etc., 
in marine stores, etc., at St. Marys, 
Georgia, on the river St. Marys, a tribu- 
tary of the river St. Johns. Later he was 
practically ruined by the burning of his 
warehouse and stock, etc., by a predatory 
expedition of the British up the St. Marys 
river in the War of 1812. Making a new 
start at the same place, he again im- 
proved in this world's goods when the 
Seminole War came along, and with it 
the destruction of his warehouse and 
goods and family residence by flames, he 
and his family barely escaping with their 
lives. Again a new start in life, with a 
wife and large family on his hands, in 
Savannah and St. Marys, and again a 
successful issue and the death of the old 
gentleman at his place of residence, 
"Glenwood," St. Marys, Georgia, Octo- 
ber 26, 1858, where he had been accus- 
tomed to entertain his friends in the style 
of the old Southern hospitality of "before 
the war." He left his second wife sur- 
viving; he had no issue by her, but had 
issue by his first wife of some fifteen chil- 
dren. Lemuel Clarence Clarke, the sixth 
son and tenth child of this couple, was the 
father of R. Floyd Clarke. 

On his father's side Mr. Clarke has a 
small mixture of Spanish blood. His 
great-grandmother, Elizabeth Sanchez, of 
the Venanchio Sanchez family of St. Au- 
gustine, Florida, married Captain Bur- 
nell, an English sea captain, the father of 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



his grandmother, who became the wife of 
the Samuel Clarke, above mentioned. 

On his mother's side Mr. Clarke is of 
mixed English and Scotch blood — his 
grandmother, Sarah Caroline Heriot, be- 
ing of the Heriots hailing from George- 
town, South Carolina, and prior to that 
from Haddington, in Scotland. Of this 
family was that George Heriot who 
founded a hospital in Edinburgh, and a 
sketch of whose life may be found in 
the 13 Encyclopaedia Brittanica (nth 
Ed.) p. 363. His grandfather on the 
mother's side, Thomas Boston Clarkson, 
was a resident of Charleston, and later of 
Columbia, South Carolina, and was a 
wealthy cotton planter owning four plan- 
tations and many slaves. He was de- 
scended from the Clarksons of England, 
and through the female line from the 
Scotch divine, Thomas Boston, Calvin- 
istic Theologian, 1676-1732, author of 
"The Crook and The Lot," and other 
theological works, — a sketch of whose life 
may be found in 2 Appleton's American 
Encyclopaedia, p. 139, and 4 Encyclopae- 
dia Brittanica (nth Ed.) p. 289. 

Mr. Clarke's father, Lemuel Clarence 
Clarke, born at St. Marys, Georgia, Au- 
gust 4, 1831, later removed to Columbia, 
South Carolina, and there married Caro- 
line Beaumont Clarkson, of Columbia, 
South Carolina, December 17, 1859. He 
was a merchant in Columbia, South Caro- 
lina, before and during the war, and then 
removed with his family to New Orleans 
and later to New York, and died in New 
York, April 30, 1893. Mr. Clarke's 
mother, Caroline Beaumont (Clarkson) 
Clarke, of Columbia, South Carolina, 
born October 10, 1834, died at New York 
City, October 26, 1912, she being the first 
daughter and fourth child of Thomas 
Clarkson and Sarah Caroline Heriot, men- 
tioned above. This couple had seven chil- 
dren, all save one dying in infancy. Their 
third child and second son, R. Floyd, born 



after his twin brother, October 14, 1859, 
is the sole survivor of the whole family. 

This family of Clarksons had come over 
to Charleston, South Carolina, in the 
eighteenth century, and in 185 1 they were 
represented by three brothers named 
Thomas Boston Clarkson, William Clark- 
son and John Clarkson, and by the child 
of a deceased sister, W. C. Johnson. 
Thomas Boston Clarkson and William 
Clarkson had married, and had large 
families, but the third, John, was a 
wealthy bachelor. 

As an indication that all Southerners of 
this period did not believe in slavery, the 
following episode may be of interest: In 
December, 1841, the Legislature of South 
Carolina passed an act to prevent the 
emancipation of slaves. John Clarkson 
died in 1849, leaving a will in which, with 
the exception a few legacies, he be- 
queathed all of his property, on certain 
conditions made with him, to his brother, 
William Clarkson, and appointed the 
latter executor. The executor having 
qualified, the infant son of the deceased 
sister brought a suit to be found as "W. 
C. Johnson, by next friend, vs. William 
Clarkson and Thomas Boston Clarkson, 
Charleston, January, 1851, 24 South Caro- 
lina Equity Reports, 305," in which he 
declared that the object of the will, and 
the conditions under which it had been 
given, had been to free the slaves of the 
testator, and asked for a decree to set 
aside the will. John Clarkson's property 
consisted of a plantation, a large number 
of negroes, together with stocks and 
other personal estate. 

The answer of the defendants admitted 
that the property was left to them, and 
accepted by them upon the conditions ex- 
pressed by the testator in certain papers 
accompanying the will unless prevented 
by the court, and upon condition that 
thev were to practice no evasion of the 
law, but to make application to the Legis- 



233 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



lature of the State, which body alone 
could emancipate slaves, to emancipate 
all the slaves belonging to the testator at 
death, or to give the defendants a license 
to send them out of the State; and if the 
said negroes be emancipated by the Leg- 
islature, or defendants permitted to send 
them out of the State, then to sell the 
plantation and out of the property and 
proceeds pay certain legacies, and the 
balance to divide among the negroes. If 
the foregoing could not be done, then to 
sell and divide according to other direc- 
tions given. The court held that no bene- 
ficial interest was given by the will to 
William Clarkson and the conditions im- 
posed by the testator being void under 
the law of South Carolina, the estate went 
to the next of kin. Among the memo- 
randa left by John Clarkson with his will 
were the following: 

Husbands and wives must on no account be 
separated. 

Nov. 25. 1842. John Clarkson. 

I do not wish my negroes forced to go to 
Africa, if they do not wish it. 
Aug. 13, 1849. John Clarkson. 

R. Floyd Clarke, son of Lemuel Clar- 
ence and Caroline Beaumont (Clarkson) 
Clarke, was born October 14, 1859, in 
Columbia, South Carolina. He was in 
that town at the time it was burned dur- 
ing Sherman's march in 1865 ; was later, 
at the age of seven, in the yellow fever 
epidemic of 1867 in New Orleans, recov- 
ering from an attack of the same, including 
the black vomit, from which stage of the 
disease a very small percentage ever sur- 
vive. Afterwards, the family being im- 
poverished by the war, Mr. Clarke was 
brought as a child to New York about 
1870, where he was educated in Public 
School No. 35 — the old 13th Street School 
near Sixth Avenue, and in the College of 
the City of New York, then at 23rd Street 



Stand, Lexington Avenue. He graduated 
from the College of the City of New 
York, A. B. in 1880, and in 1899 received 
from that institution the degree of A. M. 
Taking up the study of law at Columbia 
College Law School, he was graduated 
LL. B. cum laude in 1882, taking the first 
prize in Municipal Law. Shortly after- 
wards he was admitted to the New York 
bar, obtaining, with others, honorable 
mention as the result of the examination, 
and has since practiced law in New York 
City, first as managing clerk in the office 
of Olcott & Mestre, 1882-83; then as a 
member of the firm, 1883-84; then as a 
member of the firm of Clarke & Culver, 
1895-1903; and from that time under his 
own name. He has been counsel for large 
interests and corporations ; and has been 
identified with important litigations and 
international cases, notably in the follow- 
ing litigations : The George Kemp will 
case ; the Edward Kemp will case ; the 
Dunlap Estate litigation ; the Consoli- 
dated Lake Superior Corporation litiga- 
tion ; the James R. Keiser trade name lit- 
igation over "Keiser Cravats" and others. 
He has been counsel in the following 
international cases, notably in connection 
with the claims of private claimants 
under the Mexican title in the interna- 
tional arbitration case of Mexico z's. 
United States in the El Chamizal District, 
El Paso. Texas, decision for part of the 
land in favor of Mexico, June 15, 191 1, 
decision protested by the United States 
and matter standing in statu quo ; the 
claim of the United States & Venezuela 
Company, known as "the Crichfield As- 
phalt Concession" against Venezuela, 
which, by protocol of February 13, 1909, 
was sent to the Hague Tribunal, but was 
afterwards settled out of court for $475,- 
000; the claim of the McGivney & Roke- 
by Construction Company against Cuba 
which resulted in obtaining enforcement 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



through diplomatic intervention by the 
United States under the Piatt Amend- 
ment of their contract to sewer and pave 
the City of Havana, work on which is 
going on and has now been practically 
completed ; counsel for Porter Charlton 
(the Lake Como murder case) in habca'S 
corpus proceedings to prevent his depor- 
tation to Italy on the ground that Italy 
having admittedly broken the Treaty of 
Extradition, it could not be heard to en- 
force it. This issue was taken through 
the Secretary of State's office and all the 
courts to the Supreme Court of the 
United States without success ; but on 
the subsequent trial of the case in Italy, 
the delays of the litigation in America 
counting on the sentence, Charlton was 
sentenced to only twenty-eight days of 
imprisonment and is now a free man ; 
counsel also in important contraband 
cases arising as to steamers and cargoes 
in the recent world war ; and others. 

He is the author of "The Science of Law 
and Law Making" Macmillan & Com- 
pany, 1898) and articles including "A 
Permanent Tribunal of International Law 
— Its Necessity and Value," i American 
Journal of International Law, April, 1907, 
p. 342; "Castro, The Ungrateful," North 
American Review, April, 1908; "An Epi- 
sode on the Law of Trusts," Columbia 
Law Review, May, 1905 ; "Intervention 
for Breach of Contract or Tort Com- 
mitted by a Sovereignty," Proceedings of 
American Society of International Law, 
4th Annual Meeting, 1910, pp. 149-191. 

He is a member of the New York State 
Bar Association, the Association of the 
Bar of the City of New York, the New 
York County Lawyers' Association, 
American Society of International Law, 
Delta Kappa Epsilon Fraternity, Phi 
Beta Kappa Society. He is a life member 
of the New York Southern Society. His 
recreations are : Yachting, motoring and 
chess. He owns the sloop yachts "Atala" 



and "Golliwog," and has a country place 
at Stony Creek, Connecticut, opposite the 
Thimble Islands. Clubs: Life member 
of the University Club of the City of New 
York, New York Yacht Club, Larchmont 
Yacht Club and Atlantic Yacht Club. 
Member of Colonial Order of the Acorn 
and Manhattan Chess Club. 

Mr. Clarke's book, "The Science of 
Law and Law Making," being a treatise 
on the vexed question of the propriety of 
codifying the whole of the Civil Law, and 
taking strong ground against its entire 
codification, has been much discussed and 
has received many reviews both in the 
United States and England. As might 
be expected from the nature of its subject 
matter, these have been partly compli- 
mentary and partly the reverse. As a 
sample of the diversity of the human 
mind, the following extracts from some 
of these reviews may be of interest: 

From "The Harvard Law Review," May, 1898, 
vol. xii, p. 68: Mr. Clarke's book should be wel- 
comed as affording to the general reader an 
introduction to the study of law suggestive of the 
beauty and interest of its problems, and as giving 
for the first time a comprehensive discussion of 
the problem of codification * * *. 

In advocating the cause of the case law system, 
the real substance of the book, the writer has 
accomplished his purpose well. The division of 
the chapters into so many headings adds little to 
the clearness or literary merit of the work, but 
the argument is, on the whole, coherent and con- 
vincing. 

From "The Green Bag," May, 1898, vol. x. No. 
5, p. 228: This work is intended especially for 
the layman, but the legal profession will also find 
it both readable and instructive. Mr. Clarke 
gives his readers a clear and true conception of 
the system of law under which they live, explain- 
ing in popular terms the general outlines of legal 
systems and making the subject perfectly intelli- 
gible to the ordinary mind. He then proceeds to 
discuss the question of codification, and his con- 
clusions seem to us to be sound and to be sus- 
tained by facts. We commend the book as one 
which may be read with profit by all thinking 



235 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



From "The Albany Law Journal," Saturday, 
April 2, 1898, vol. 57, No. 14, P- 223: * * * 
Within the 475 pages of this work the author has 
condensed in an admirable manner all the leading 
arguments for and against codification, in ad- 
dition to which he has given a large amount of 
elementary matter, valuable not only to the stu- 
dent, but as well to the professional reader, in 
refreshing his recollection and aiding to a clearer 
conception of the generalizations involved in the 
arguments advanced. His style of writing, it may 
be added, is charmingly clear, as well as remark- 
ably vigorous. * * * it will probably be con- 
ceded that it would be difficult to put the argu- 
ment against codification more strongly and forci- 
bly in so many words. Mr. Clarke has certainly 
made a valuable contribution to the solution of a 
very important and exceedingly complex problem. 

From "The Yale Law Journal" (New Haven), 
May, 1898, vol. vii, No. 8, p. 374: * * * Mr. 
Clarke takes strong ground against codification. 
The arguments for and against are reviewed and 
the question made distinct and clear. This 
method of illustrating the working of the systems 
of Case and Code Law, by applying their methods 
to the solution of the question of a contract in 
restraint of trade, is ingenious and convincing. 

From "The New York Law Journal," Friday, 
May 13, 1898, vol. 19, No. 36, p. 522 : * * * 
This work will certainly accomplish one of its 
principal purposes in imparting to intelligent lay 
readers the science of jurisprudence and the pro- 
cess of the building of the common law. * * * 
It is therefore a distinct advantage to general 
culture to have a work, such as Mr. Clarke's, 
from which the ordinary reader may learn the 
rudiments of our legal system. 

This author furthermore presents the argu- 
ment against codification very forcibly and com- 
pletely and with much originality of suggestion 
and ingenuity of illustration. 

From "The New York Evening Post," Saturday, 
August 20, 1898, vol. 97> P- 15: * * * Where 
we find ourselves at one with the author is in 
believing that some subjects lend themselves 
better to statutory, others to common law regu- 
lation. 

From "The American Law Register," May, 
1898, vols. 46 O. S., 37 N. S., No. 5, P- 335 : The 
importance of the question considered by the 
author, and the growing interest in it, insure 
something more than passing attention to the 



book under review. * * * The method of 
adducing concrete examples of case, statute and 
code law is very effective, often rendering argu- 
ment on a given point almost unnecessary. * * * 
To the lawyer, the book will commend itself 
as one in which a vital problem is impartially 
treated. None of the advantages of codification 
are underestimated, nor are its disadvantages 
slighted. The conclusions reached by the author 
are evidently the result of careful thought and, 
insofar as a cursory examination can show, valid. 

From "The Banking Law Journal," May, 1898, 
vol. 15, No. 5, p. 261 : * * * To all intelli- 
gent laymen, as well as to all lawyers desirous of 
brushing up on the fundamentals, we would com- 
mend Mr. Clarke's work, which is written in a 
style that will find favor with the popular reader, 
and which admirably fills the want we have out- 
lined. No one who reads this work will say that 
the law is dry; on the contrary, it will be found 
to have a peculiar fascination for the general 
reader. * * * 

The work gives the most complete and best 
presentation of the whole subject of codification 
— the arguments and reasons pro and con — ^yet 
written ; and while, as such, it will command the 
attention of the foremost legal minds on both 
sides of the Atlantic, it is none the less a work 
which will be found intelligible and highly in- 
structive to, and entirely within the comprehen- 
sion of, the general reader. 

From "The New Jersey Law Journal," vol. 21, 
No. s, p. 159, May, 1898: A general introduction 
to the study of the law is followed by concrete 
examples showing its expression and application 
in a suit at law and in reported cases, digests, 
text-books and in statutes, and from these ex- 
amples it is shown how different are the methods 
and results when the law is found in reported 
cases and when it is expressed in statutes or 
codes; and then there is a statement of the exist- 
ing provinces of case and statute law and a dis- 
cussion of the question whether the province of 
the latter should be extended and a clear ex- 
position of the essential differences between the 
two and an earnest argument against the effort to 
crystallize the whole law in a definite code * * * 
it has the merit of bringing the question by 
means of examples within the comprehension of 
any intelligent man not familiar with the law. 

From "The Western Reserve Law Journal," 
vol. iv. No. 3, p. 81, April, 1898: * * * Here 
is a work, written with scholarly accuracy and 
-.6 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



clearness, so simple as to render a dictionary un- 
necessary, and yet so complete and profound as 
to invade the depth of a science on which many 
of our law givers are painfully ignorant. * * r 
To those who, with a mental aggressiveness, 
are continually alive to the absorption of useful 
and valuable, even necessary knowledge, we 
gladly commend this work as a new contribution 
to the field of scientific legal thought. 

From "The New York Daily Tribune," Tues- 
day, July 2b, liiyS: Mr. Clarke has seized the idea 
of evolution in law with a grasp not easily loosed. 
* * * The evolutionary process had been a 
natural one, and both Professor Jenks and Mr. 
Clarke, however much they might differ about 
other things, evidently hold that it continued to 
be natural. Mr. Clarke goes on to say that the 
process in the mind of successive generations of 
judges was inductive, not deductive. The prin- 
ciple was sought in the actual concrete case, not 
inferred from some universal premise and applied 
to the case. Professor Jenks says the same thing 
by contrast, when he describes the method of 
interpreting the Roman Law as scholastic. Mr. 
Clarke's argument is that after all these ages of 
legal development on lines that are now found to 
be just the natural lines of investigation, and 
above all of scientific investigation, it is absurd 
for men to go back to the scholastic method of 
a tixed code. 

From "The American Law Review," vol. xxxii. 
No. 4, p. 637, July-August, 1898: The briefest 
description of this work would be to say that 
it somewhat resembles, in outline and substance, 
the celebrated work of Judge Dillon on English 
and American jurisprudence and laws. It carries 
us into new lines of thought and widens out many 
fresh fields of discussion. It will repay reading 
by everyone who has time to think upon the foun- 
dations of the jurisprudence of his country. 

From "The Nation" (New York), vol. Ixvii, 
No. 1729, p. 137, August 18, 1898; * * * 
Where we find ourselves at one with the author 
is in believing that some subjects lend themselves 
better to statutory, others to common law regula- 
tion. 

From "The Law Quarterly Review," vol. xiv, 
No. 55, July, i8g8: This book professes to be an 
introduction to law for the use of laymen, but it 
is really nothing but an elaborate argument 
against codification, in which the general reasons 



pro and contra are set forth with sufficient fair- 
ness and, we venture to think, more tlian sufficient 
fulness. 

From "The Athenaeum," No. 3695, August 20, 
1898: "The Science of Law and Law Making," 
by Mr. R. Floyd Clarke (.Macmillan & Co.J, 
which purports to be an important philosophic, 
or at least scientific, inquiry of more than usual 
interest, because seldom undertaken, proves on 
perusal to be an unscholarly discussion of the 
comparative advantages of statutes or decisions 
as methods of legal expression. * * + 

Admitting all he has to say as to the practical 
difficulties in the way of the statutory form, we 
still think that it is the right form to aim at, and 
Mr. Clarke's arguments to the contrary are far 
from being irresistible. We have not the space to 
go into the merits of the question, nor can it 
be urged that Mr. Clarke's treatment of it tempts 
his critics to do so. Law books are seldom happy 
in style, and in this respect his work can success- 
fully claim to be a law book. 

From "The St. James' Gazette," vol. xxxvii. 
No. 5076, September 21, 1898: The latest discus- 
sion of the whole subject of codification is to 
be foimd in a bulky volume, the "Science of Law 
and Law Making," by Mr. R. F. Clarke, of the 
New York Bar. Mr. Clarke, who is a convinced 
opponent of codification, has spoiled his case by 
going too far and endeavoring to establish a 
fanciful theory as to the respective provinces of 
case and statute law. According to him, legal 
rules of conduct involving an ethical element 
should be left to be fixed by the common law in 
decided case; while rules about conduct ethically 
indifferent but requiring regulation for general 
convenience, say the rule of the road, should 
alone be left to the Legislature. * * * 

On the general subject Mr. Clarke has much to 
say that is sound and ingenious; but the book is 
illarranged and intolerably diffuse. 

From "The Irish Law Times and Solicitors' 
Journal," vol. xxxii. No. 1641, Saturday, July 9, 
1898: * * * The fifth chapter, treating of 
English law as it is, is very interesting and novel 
in its methods, contrasting concrete examples of 
Statutes, of Reported Cases, of Text Books, of 
Digests. That dealing with English law as it 
would be if codified is also noteworthy. As 
regards Case Law the author asks if there is no 
relief from the ever increasing mass of Case 
Law, with its bulk, contradictions, and uncer- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tainties. And certainly any one who has glanced 
through the American Digests will appreciate the 
query. He answers that a perfect system of law 
is unattainable and that both Statute and Case 
Law must continue to flourish side by side. Codi- 
fication of the Case Law of England is, he says, 
the mirage of enthusiastic speculation, and would 
be the forging of fetters on the Science of law, 
precluding its true development. To all interested 
in this Science the present work will prove the 
most interesting holiday reading. 

From "The London Times," No. 35.559. Mon- 
day, July 4, iSgS : Mr. Floyd Clarke has written 
a clever book though he does refer to Sir "Thom- 
as Moore" as Lord Chancellor, and though he 
maintains a thesis which is hopelessly wrong. 
"The Science of Law and Law Making" (Mac- 
millan) is another name for "No Codification." 
* * * Perhaps the cleverest, and we are 
tempted to add, not the least absurd, chapter in 
the book is that in which Mr. Clarke seeks to 
show that there is scientific warrant for the dis- 
tinction between statute and case law; that their 
provinces are properly different; and that while 
statute law deals with morally indifferent con- 
duct, case law relates to ethical conduct. There 
are many things in the volume much more valu- 
able than these whimsical distinctions — or the 
contention that "the necessity for codification 
arises from the clash of wills." The author 
throws out several hints and suggestions well 
worthy of the consideration of law makers, and 
shows that much remains to be done to perfect 
the mechanics of legislation. 

From "The Manchester Guardian," Tuesday, 
August 23, 1898, No. 16.235 : * * * The book 
is indeed the most formidable attack on codifica- 
tion which has appeared for a long time — well 
planned, clearly written, ably and ingeniously 
argued. 

From "The Canada Law Journal," vol. xxxiv. 
No. 17, October 15, 1898: * * * As the au- 
thor states, it is a curious fact that no work 
exists in which the general outlines of legal 
systems are explained in popular terms, so as to 
be intelligible to the ordinary man not versed in 
technicalities. The book is, firstly, an introduc- 
tion to the study of law and secondly, gives the 
ground work on which to build up an argument 
on codification. It should, therefore, be helpful 
to those students of the law who desire to be 
lawyers and not merely practitioners. It exhibits 



much thought and research, and is written in an 
interesting style and clear in expression. There 
is entirely too little thought and time given to 
the study of foundational truths, such as are 
presented in this book, and the sooner the student 
is compelled to know more of the science of law 
and law making, the better for the profession. 

From "The Evening Sun" (New York), Satur- 
day, June 3, 1899: The layman is accustomed to 
associate dullness with treatises on the law. But 
how foolish this notion is he would speedily 
admit were he to glance into "The Science of 
Law and Law Making" (Macmillan), by Mr. R. 
Floyd Clarke of the New York Bar. It is a 
philosophical and scholarly statement of first 
principles and their application. The great sub- 
ject is handled with such grasp and skill as to 
make the questions dealt with interesting to the 
least sympathetic. The volume, which only runs 
to 450 pages, is one which no lawyer's library 
should be without. As for the student and the 
legislator, they will find it the best possible in- 
troduction to what has been until recent years 
a puzzling and bewildering wilderness. Mr. 
Clarke speaks with authority, but in no case have 
we come upon a quotation in his book which 
could be described as having been used for the 
purpose of ostentation. * * * 

Were it only to be regarded as a book of 
reference, this treatise would be very valuable. 
Mr. Clarke has the trick of clever definition and 
apt illustration. 

From "The Speaker" (London), vol. xviii. No. 
466, p. 675. December 3, 1898: This is a very able, 
if somewhat diffusive, argument against the codi- 
fication of English case law, but we cannot ex- 
actly understand how it came to be labelled "The 
Science of Law." * * * 

Mr. Clarke's book, though the unscientific 
lawyer may perhaps think it too conclusive to 
have needed writing, may with great confidence 
be recommended to all professors and laymen 
who take an interest in legal reform. It comes 
with added authority from across the Atlantic. 

Munroe Smith in "The Political Science Quar- 
terly," vol. xiv. No. 2, p. 347. June, 1899, says : 

* * * He therefore begins at the beginning 
and writes "an introduction to law" which pre- 
pares the way for an exhaustive analysis of the 
difference between statutory and judicial law. 
This part of the work is well done, and the book 
can be cordially commended to every layman who 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



desires a more definite conception of the ways ia 
which law comes into existence. The method of 
concrete illustration is perhaps pushed to an ex- 
treme; the layman may be induced to read a case 
or two, and even a statute or two, but he is 
hardly likely to peruse with care extracts from a 
digest or the table of contents of a code. 

As regards the treatment of the special question 
of codification, the book has great merits. The 
author really makes it possible for a layman to 
see, as few lawyers really see, what is meant by 
the "flexibility" of case law. When he says (p. 
255) that "the case law deals with the actual 
phenomena, while the code law deals with human 
abstractions from the phenomena as the counters 
for its reasoning," he has really gone to the 
bottom of the question. 

From "Law Notes," Northport, New York, 
January, 1900: * * » We do not know 
whether the author has had previous experience 
in literary work, but his book shows no signs of 
the prentice hand. One may open it at any page, 
and reading a sentence, his attention and interest 
are fixed at once. * * * 

In the short space of this notice we can give no 
adequate idea of the charm of this book for a 
thinking reader. Any one who has read Buckle 
with delight cannot fail to be delighted with Mr. 
Clarke's essay. In its lucid and vigorous style it 
resembles the work of the distinguished philo- 
sopher-historian. But a more striking resem- 
blance is found in the fact that our author, like 
Buckle, ramsacks the whole realm of human 
knowledge in ardent search for analogies that 
will support his argument. And he finds them 
too. 

Hon. John J. Dillon writes of the book : * * * 
I have delayed writing you until I could find the 
time to read the volume, which I have now done 
with both pleasure and instruction. Its pages are 
replete with proofs of your wide reading and 
research, and of your own studies and reflection, 
and the results are embodied in this delightful 
volume. With here and there a slight reserva- 
tion, I am able to agree with you concerning the 
important subjects which you discuss. 

Hon. William L. Penfield, Solicitor of the 
State Department, Washington, 1904, etc., writes: 
* * * It is a solid contribution to the science 
of jurisprudence; its style is lucid and engaging, 
and I find it very readable and instructive. 



ELY, Albert Heman, 

Physician, Surgeon. 

Dr. Albert Heman Ely, one of the most 
prominent physicians of New York City, 
was born November 22, i860, in Elyria, 
Ohio. His ancestor, Nathaniel Ely, was 
born in England, doubtless at Tenterden, 
County Kent, in 1606, and received a 
common school education, as evidenced 
by the records left behind him. He came 
to America, it is thought, in 1634, in the 
bark "Elizabeth," from Ipswich, England, 
with his wife Martha, and a son and a 
daughter. His name is not on the pas- 
senger list, but that of his friend, Robert 
Day, appears, and as they settled on ad- 
joining lots in Newtown, Massachusetts 
Bay, now the city of Cambridge, May 6, 
1635, it is reasonable to believe that they 
came together. In 1639 he was one of 
the constables of Hartford, and in 1643- 
49 one of the selectmen. The name of 
Nathaniel Ely is on the monument to the 
memory of the first settlers of Hartford. 
He died December 26, 1675, and his wife, 
Martha, October 23, 1688. Samuel Ely, 
son of Nathaniel and Martha Ely, was 
born probably at Hartford, or Cambridge, 
Massachusetts, and died March 19, 1692. 
He removed to Springfield with his par- 
ents and married there, October 28, 1659, 
Mary, youngest child of Robert Day. 
Their sixteen children were all bom in 
Springfield. Deacon John Ely, son of 
Samuel and Mary (Day) Ely, was born 
January 28, 1678, at Springfield, and died 
at West Springfield, January 15, 1758. 
He married Mercy Bliss, and their son, 
Ensign John (2) Ely, was born Decem- 
ber 3, 1707, at West Springfield, and died 
there May 22, 1754. He married, Novem- 
ber 15, 1733, Eunice Colton, born at 
Longmeadow, February 22, 1705, died 
March 29, 1778. Justin Ely, son of En- 
sign John (2) and Eunice (Colton) Ely, 

239 



EiNCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



was born August lo, 1739, at West 
Springfield, and died there June 26, 1817. 
He graduated from Harvard College, 
1759, and became a successful merchant 
in his native town, where he conducted a 
larger business than any other merchant. 
During the Revolution he was active in 
aiding the country, especially in collect- 
ing men who were drafted into the serv- 
ice and in providing for them afterwards. 
He married, November 9, 1762, Ruth, 
daughter of Captain Joel and Ruth (Dart) 
White, of Bolton, Connecticut, and had 
four children. 

Heman Ely, youngest child of Justin 
and Ruth (White) Ely, was born April 
24, 1775, in West Springfield, and died 
February 2, 1852, in Elyria, Ohio. Early 
in the nineteenth century he became in- 
terested in the purchase of lands in Cen- 
tral and Western New York, and under 
his direction large tracts there were sur- 
veyed and sold to settlers. At about the 
same time he entered into partnership 
with his brother Theodore in New York 
City, and was for ten years engaged with 
him in commerce in Europe and the East 
Indies. During this time he visited Eng- 
land, Holland, France and Spain, largely 
in the interests of his business. In France 
he lived long enough to acquire the lan- 
guage, and was in Paris from July, 1809, 
to April, 1810, where he was witness of 
many social and political events of his- 
torical interest. He saw in August, 1809, 
the grand fete of Napoleon and the Em- 
press Josephine, and in the evening at- 
tended a ball at the Hotel de Villa, where 
a cotillion was danced by a set of kings 
and queens. The following April, the 
Empress Josephine having in the mean- 
time been divorced and dethroned, he 
witnessed the formal entrance into Paris 
of Napoleon and Marie Louise of Aus- 
tria, and the religious ceremony of mar- 
riage at the chapel of the Tuilleries. At 
that time all Europe was under arms and 



passage from one country to another was 
attended with the greatest difficulty and 
danger. Air. Ely and a friend, Charles 
R. Codman, of Boston, in 1809 embarked 
for Holland from England in a Dutch 
fishing boat, were fired upon by gen- 
darmes as they tried to land, and only 
after a long journey on foot reached Rot- 
terdam and finally Paris. In 1810 he re- 
turned to America and the following year 
visited Ohio, and returned to New Eng- 
land by way of Niagara Falls, the St. 
Lawrence, and Montreal. In i8i6' he 
again visited Ohio, and in February, 1817, 
accompanied by a large company of 
skilled workmen and laborers, he left the 
east for his future home. The new settle- 
ment was named by Mr .Ely, Elyria, and 
owed its prosperity to his life-long efforts. 
Mr. Ely was a Federalist in politics, of 
the school of George Cabot, Harrison 
Gray Otis and Thomas Handyside Per- 
kins. He married at West Springfield, 
October 9, 1818, Celia Belden, daughter 
of Colonel Ezekiel Porter and Mary (Par- 
sons) Belden. 

Heman (2) Ely, son of Heman (i) and 
Celia (Belden) Ely, was born October 30, 
1820, at Elyria. His mother died in 1827, 
and he was brought up by Rev. Emerson 
Davis, D. D., and his wife, of Westfield, 
Massachusetts. Later he attended the 
high school at Elyria and Mr. Simeon 
Hart's school in Farmington, Connecti- 
cut. He then returned to Elyria and en- 
tered his father's office, where he received 
a business training particularly in the 
care of real estate. He soon assumed the 
entire business. He assisted in the or- 
ganization of the first bank in Elyria, was 
chosen a director in 1847 and from that 
time has been connected with it as direc- 
tor, vice-president and president. It be- 
came in 1S83 the National Bank of Elyria. 
In 1852, with Judge Ebenezer Lane and 
others, he secured the building of that 
section of the present Lake Shore & 




^^^^..4^^.^^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Michigan Southern Railway, then known 
as the Junction Railroad, from Cleveland 
to Toledo. From 1870 to 1873 he was a 
member of the State Legislature, and in- 
terested himself especially in the forma- 
tion of the state insurance department. 
He was a member of King Solomon's 
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, and 
was worshipful master from 1852 to 1871 ; 
of the Grand Commandery of Knights 
Templar of Ohio, grand commander from 
1864 to 1871 ; of the Supreme Council of the 
Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite of Free 
Masonry for the Northern Jurisdiction of 
the United States, and treasurer for some 
years. He was also a member of the Con- 
gregational church in Elyria, and for 
many years one of its officers. For ten 
years he served as superintendent of the 
Sunday school. He has spent some time in 
compiling the records of the Ely family. 
He married (first) in Elyria, September 
I, 1841, Mary, daughter of Rev. John and 
Abigail (Harris) Montieth, born in Clin- 
ton, Oneida county, New York, Novem- 
ber 12, 1824, died in Elyria, March i, 1849. 
He married (second) in Hartford, May 
27, 1850, Mary Frances, daughter of Hon. 
Thomas and Sarah (Coit) Day, born in 
Hartford, May 7, 1826. 

Dr. Albert Heman Ely, son of Heman 
(2) and Mary Frances (Day) Ely, pre- 
pared for college at Phillips Academy, 
Andover, Massachusetts, and entered 
Yale University, where he was graduated 
in the class of 1885 with the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts. He entered upon the 
study of his profession at the College of 
Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia 
University, and was graduated there with 
the degree of M. D. in 1888. He received 
his hospital experience as interne at St. 
Luke's Hospital in New York City. For 
about two years he traveled and studied 
abroad, attending lectures and acquiring 
hospital experience at Vienna. Since his 
return to this country he has been en- 

N Y— Vol IV— 16 2 



gaged in general practice in New York 
City. He is a member of the County and 
State Medical societies, the American 
Medical Association, and is a Republican 
in politics. He belongs to the New Eng- 
land Society of New York, the Univer- 
sity, Yale and Southampton clubs, and is 
a communicant of the Protestant Epis- 
copal church. He married, at Rochester, 
New York, October 7, 1891, Maude Loui.se 
Merchant, born at Rutland, Illinois, 
daughter of George Eugene and Frances 
(Sherburne) Merchant. Children: Regi- 
nald Merchant, born August 10, 1892, 
died August 21, 1892; Albert Heman, 
March 21, 1894; Gerald Day, October 7, 
1896, died December 29, 1900; Francis 
Sherburne, November 7, 1902. Albert 
H. Ely, Jr., graduated at Yale, 1915, pre- 
pared at Hill School and for a year before 
he entered college traveled with the Por- 
ter E. Sargent School of Travel, going 
through all Europe, the Eastern Medit- 
teranean, Greece and the Dalmatia Coast. 
During the summer of 1914 he made a 
complete trip around South America 
through the Straits of Magellan and Pana- 
ma Canal. At present he is studying in 
Columbia Law School. 



MILLER, Charles Ransom, 

Journalist. 

Charles Ransom Miller, editor of the 
"New York Times," one of the leading 
newspapers of the country, is a descend- 
ant of an old English family. His an- 
cestor. Thomas Miller, yeoman, of Bis- 
hops Stortford (called usually Stortford), 
England, had by his wife Bridget, daugh- 
ter of Thomas Jernegan, seven children. 
John Miller, of Stortford, son of Thomas 
and Bridget (Jernegan) Miller, was a 
butcher, as shown by his will dated 
March 26, 1601, proved November 9, 1602. 
He married Elizabeth, daughter of Rich- 
ard Jardfeilde, of Stortford, and sister of 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



John and George Jardfeilde. Their son, 
John (2) Miller, married, and had three 
children, according to parish records 
which run back to 1561. Thomas Miller, 
son of John (2) Miller, was born at Bis- 
hops Stortford, about 1610, came to Mas- 
sachusetts with his brother John in 1635, 
but did not settle in Dorchester, as the 
list of inhabitants of that town in Janu- 
ary, 1636, contains only John and Alex- 
ander. The first notice we have of Thom- 
as Miller is that he was enrolled as a free- 
man at Boston, May 22, 1639, residence 
Rowley. His first wife, Isabel, died in 
1660, leaving one child, and he married 
(second) at Middletown. June 6, 1666, 
Sarah, daughter of Samuel Nettleton, of 
Milford, settled there in 1639. Benjamin 
Miller, son of Thomas and Sarah (Nettle- 
ton) Miller (senior so-called in Middle- 
town records), was born July 30, 1672, 
died September 12, 1737; he married, 
1701, Mary Basset, born 1674, died De- 
cember 5, 1709. Their son, Benjamin (2) 
Miller, was born 1702, and removed to 
New Hampshire in 1738, as in the latter 
year and in 1753 we find him at Newing- 
ton, and as late as June 5, 1783. He mar- 
ried, about 1730, Hannah, surname un- 
known. Benjamin (3) Miller, son of Ben- 
jamin (2) and Hannah Miller, was born 
between 1731 and 1735. He was in New- 
ington, New Hampshire, prior to 1775, 
when he removed to Brookfield, Massa- 
chusetts, but returned to New Hampshire 
about 1778-80, settling at Lyme, where he 
probably died. He married, in 1773, 
Esther, daughter of Elijah Clapp, and 
had four children. Elijah Miller, son of 
Benjamin (3) and Esther (Clapp) Miller, 
was born at Newington, in 1774, as his 
recorded age at death in New Hampshire 
State Official Register was sixty-three. 
He was baptized June 23, 1776, died Janu- 
ary 10, 1837. He was in the town of 
Lyme, New Hampshire, from 1780 to 
1798, when he removed to Hanover, and 



married there Eunice, daughter of David 
and Susanna (Durkee) Tenney; she was 
born in Hanover, December 21, 1783, died 
February 21, 1870. Mr. Miller also held 
several local offices in Hanover town and 
Grafton county, and was state senator, 
June 2^, 1829, to June 2, 1830, and from 
that date to June i, 1831 ; and was a 
member of the governor's council 1834- 
35-36, and died, according to New Hamp- 
shire Official Register of 1851, January 
10, 1837, aged sixty-three. He was a man 
of ability and distinction. In politics he 
was a Democrat, in religion a Unitarian. 
By occupation he was a farmer. Elijah 
Tenney Miller, son of Elijah and Eunice 
(Tenney) Miller, was born August 15, 
181 5, at Hanover, New Hampshire, and 
died May 30, 1892. He married Chastina 
C. Hoyt, born about 1826, daughter of 
Benjamin and Abigail (Strong) Hoyt. 
They had three children: Fayette M., 
born July 25, 1844; Susan A., March 22, 
1847, married David C. Tenney, of Han- 
over, and died 1873; and Charles Ran- 
som, of whom further. 

Charles Ransom Miller, son of Elijah 
Tenney and Chastina C. (Hoyt) Miller, 
was born January 17, 1849, at Hanover. 
He attended the public schools of Han- 
over, the Kimball Union Academy at 
Meriden, New Hampshire, and the Green 
Mountain Institute at South Woodstock, 
Vermont, where he completed his prepa- 
ration for college. He entered Dart- 
mouth College and was graduated in the 
class of 1872 with the degree of Bachelor 
of Arts. In 1905 he was honored by his 
alma mater with the degree of Doctor of 
Laws. Columbia University conferred 
upon him the degree of Doctor of Letters 
in 1915, and that year also he was elected 
to membership in the National Institute 
of Arts and Letters. From the time of 
his graduation from college until 1875 ^^ 
was on the editorial staff of the "Republi- 
can," at Springfield, Massachusetts, and 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



rose to the position of city editor of that 
newspaper. In July, 1875, he became a 
member of the staff of the "New York 
Times," and since then has been con- 
nected with that newspaper. He was 
foreign editor for a time, then editorial 
writer from 1 881 to 1883, and since April, 
1883, has been editor-in-chief. He is also 
vice-president and a stockholder of the 
New York Times Company. During the 
period of Mr. Miller's editorship "The 
Times" has become one of the foremost 
newspapers of the country. In the opin- 
ion of many of the best judges it is the 
best newspaper in New York City, and the 
success of the newspaper under the policy 
of "All the news that's lit to print" has 
been a wholesome example and inspiration 
to editors and publishers of newspapers 
throughout the whole country. In poli- 
tics Mr. Miller is an Independent, and in 
religion non-sectarian. He is a member 
of the Century Club, the Metropolitan 
Club, the Piping Rock Club, the Garden 
City Golf Club, the Blooming Grove 
Hunting and Fishing Club of Pike 
County, Pennsylvania. He married, 
October 10, 1876, Frances Ann Daniels, 
born April 8, 1851, died December 8, 1906, 
daughter of William H. and Frances Cot- 
ton Daniels, who was a descendant of 
Rev. John Cotton, the Puritan divine. 
Children: Madge Daniels, born October 
28, 1877; Hoyt Miller, March 18, 1S83, in 
New York City. Mr. Miller resides at 
21 East Ninth street. New York City, in 
summer at Great Neck, Long Island, and 
his business address is the Times office, 
New York Citv. 



' " ^^ 

HUNGER, George Grover, 

LaTpyer. 

While several generations of Mr. 
Munger's immediate ancestors have lived 
in New York State, the family is origin- 
ally from Connecticut, descendants of 



Nicholas Munger who settled in Guil- 
ford, Connecticut, not later than 1661 and 
resided on the north side of the Neck 
river, where he died October 16, 1668. 
He married, June 2, 1659, Sarah Hull, 
who survived him and became the wife 
of Dennis Crampton. James Munger, a 
descendant of Nicholas and Sarah 
Munger, moved to Central New York. 
His son, James (2) Munger, married 
Jane B. Thompson, and they were the 
parents of an only son. Rev. Reuben De- 
Witt Munger, D. D., and the grand- 
parents of George Grover Munger, of 
Syracuse. James (2) Munger died in 
Ithaca, New York, in 1848. 

Rev. Reuben DeWitt Munger was 
born at Ithaca, New York, August 26, 
1837, died at Syracuse, New York, March 
II, 1909. His early years were spent in 
Ithaca, the family home until the death 
of James (2) Munger in 1848. After 
being left a widow, Mrs. James Munger 
removed with her only son to Watkins, 
New York, where his education, begun in 
Ithaca public schools, was continued in 
the schools of Watkins. After complet- 
ing the courses there he prepared at 
Genesee Wesleyan Seminary, a noted 
school located at Lima, New York, then 
entered Genesee College, whence he was 
graduated at the head of his class, 1861, 
and awarded the degree of Bachelor of 
Arts. Later he was awarded Master of 
.Vrts, a degree he also received from 
Syracuse University in 1873. His college 
fraternity was Phi Beta Kappa. 

His high order of scholarship attracted 
attention and after graduation he was 
offered college professorships, but all 
such offers were declined, his ambition 
being fixed upon the holy calling of 
ministry. He passed through the varied 
degrees of service until finally ordained 
a minister of the Methodist Episcopal 
church and a member of the East Gene- 
see Annual Conference. That conference 



243 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



was then very large and through changes 
in conference boundaries he was at times 
a member of the Western New York Con- 
ference, the Genesee Conference and the 
Central New York Conference. His first 
appointment was at Big Flats, New 
York, in 1861, and from that year until 
1893, when he was chosen presiding elder, 
he was continuously in the active 
ministry. In 1862 he was pastor at 
Havana; at South Sodus in 1863-64; 
Painted Post in 1865 ; Dansville in 1866- 
67; Addison in 1868; East Bloomfield in 
1869-71; Rochester in 1872-74; Bath in 
1877; Palmyra in 1878-80; Auburn in 
1881-82; Ithaca, his birthplace, 1883-85; 
Waterloo in 1886-90; Geneva in 1891-92. 
In all the charges he filled he labored 
most acceptably and as he grew in years 
and experience he broadened intellec- 
tually and was regarded as one of the 
strong men of his conference. 

In 1893 he was elected presiding elder 
of the Auburn district, a responsible 
position, now known in the church as 
district superintendent. During his term 
of office, five years, he resided in Auburn, 
from there keeping in close touch with 
the churches of his district. In 1896 he 
received from Syracuse University the 
degree of Doctor of Divinity, an honor 
conferred in recognition of his learning, 
piety and eminence as a theologian. At 
the annual conference of 1898 he was 
transferred as presiding elder to the 
Elmira district, serving that district until 
1904. The conference of 1904 elected Dr. 
Hunger secretary of the sustenation fund 
of the conference, an office he held until 
death with headquarters at Syracuse. 
During the five years he served as secre- 
tary of the fund he put forth every efifort 
and did arouse the church to the neces- 
sity of more adequately providing for the 
support of its superannuated ministers 
and the campaign he inaugurated resulted 



in a fund which has reached very large 
figures, available for the support of the 
aged clergymen of the conference. Dr. 
Munger was accorded the honor of elec- 
tion as delegate to the quadrennial gen- 
eral conference of his church in 1896 and 
reserve delegate to that of 1904. From 
1873 until 1880 he was a trustee of Gene- 
see Wesleyan Seminary and of Syracuse 
University from 1895 until his death. 

He was a member of Dansville Lodge, 
Free and Accepted Masons ; Ithaca Chap- 
ter, Royal Arch Masons ; St. Augustine 
Commandery, Knights Templar, of 
Ithaca. He was a member of the New 
York State Historical Society, taking a 
deep interest in the various bodies to 
which he belonged. Seventy-two years 
was the span of life allotted the devoted, 
eloquent divine, years of greatest useful- 
ness in the ministry and ended while still 
"in the harness" as he would have wished. 
He was actively interested in those ques- 
tions tending to the moral uplift of the 
communities in which he lived and could 
always be counted upon for active sup- 
port. The cause of temperance was very 
dear to him, and outside of his strictly 
ministerial work none other was so clear. 
He was a loyal supporter of Francis 
Murphy, that gifted Irishman whose 
crusade against rum so stirred the nation, 
and during that and other campaigns for 
temperance he lectured in nearly all of 
the Eastern and Aliddle States. He was 
greatly in demand for such service and 
proved a powerful advocate for the 
cause. 

Dr. Munger married, in 1863, Estelle 
Hinman, daughter of Dr. George T. and 
Irene (Benson) Hinman, of Havana, New 
York, a descendant of Sergeant Edward 
Hinman, an officer of the Royal Life 
Guards of Charter I. Sergeant Hinm.ai> 
came to America in 1650 and is the ances- 
tor of all of the name in this country 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



claiming early Colonial descent. He was 
a large land owner at Stratford, Con- 
necticut, and the first title holder to the 
old tide mill which stood between Strat- 
ford and what is now Bridgeport. The 
Hinman ancestry also includes Governor 
John Webster, of Connecticut, and 
Deputy-Governor Samuel Symonds, of 
Massachusetts. Dr. and Mrs. Munger 
were the parents of George Grover 
Munger, of further mention, and James 
DeWitt Munger, of St. Paul, Minnesota. 
George Grover Munger was born Janu- 
ary 29, 1865, at South Sodus, Wayne 
county. New York, his father then being 
pastor of the Methodist Episcopal church 
at that place. His early education was 
obtained in the schools of the dififerent 
charges his itinerant father filled, but he 
was reared under the best home influences 
and the instruction of his scholarly 
father and accomplished mother counted 
more in those formative days than school 
instruction. At Auburn and at Ithaca he 
had the benefit of the high school courses 
and was fully prepared for college admis- 
sion. He then entered Cornell Univer- 
sity, specialized in history and political 
economy and was graduated Bachelor of 
Arts, class of '88. Choosing the profes- 
sion of law he studied under the precep- 
torship of F. L. Manning, of Waterloo, 
New York, and in 1890 was admitted to 
the bar. He chose Syracuse as a location, 
was a partner with H. H. Bacon for one 
year, but since 1892 has practiced alone. 
While his practice is general in character 
he specializes in the law of real estate 
and of corporations, transacting a large 
business in the State and Federal courts 
of the district. In 1904 he was appointed 
receiver for the Royal Templars of 
Temperance, and has been called to fill 
other positions of trust and respon- 
sibility. He is devoted to his profession, 
but has outside business interests and is 



highly regarded as both a professional 
and business man. He is a member of the 
various bar associations, and is interested 
in those movements intended to make 
communities better places in which to 
live. His church affiliation is with thr 
denomination whose ministry his honored 
father graced, and he serves Centenary 
Methodist Episcopal Church of Syracuse 
as trustee. He is one of the stewards of 
the Central New York Conference, a 
member of the Permanent Fund Commis- 
sion and holds other positions of the con- 
ference open to a layman. He is a mem- 
ber of Central City Lodge, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons ; Central City Chapter, 
Royal Arch Masons ; Central City Com- 
mandery. Knights Templar; the Citizens' 
and University clubs ; the New York 
State Historical Society and American 
Historical Association. In political faith 
he is a Republican, but serves as a private 
in the ranks, seeking no political office for 
himself. 

Mr. Munger married, September 26, 
1894, Ada M. Bishop, of St. Paul, Minne- 
sota. Their only son, George DeWitt 
Munger, is a student at Syracuse Univer- 
sity, class of 1919. 



NOLTE, Adolph, Jr., 

Manufacturer, Inventor. 

Nolte, a name well known among Ger- 
many's higher classes, has been worthily 
borne in Rochester by two generations of 
the family, Adolph Nolte, senior and 
junior, the former an adopted, the latter 
a native son. The father was a noted 
editor of a newspaper, the son has won 
distinction in the mechanical world by 
his inventive genius and skill. His inven- 
tions cover a wide field, but his greatest 
fame has been won in connection with the 
Hydro-Press Company, of which he was 
president. The most important of his 



245 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



inventions is difficult to determine, for his 
machine for grinding the edges of lenses 
so that the milky surface is obtained, a 
result that eliminates the shadows and 
reflections of a bright surfaced edge, is 
used to-day all over the world by manu- 
facturers of optical and camera lenses. 
To him is also credited the first positive 
washing machine, Mr. Nolte perfecting 
that invention at the age of eighteen 
years while an employee of the Sprague 
Laundry Company. His hydraulic press, 
capable of removing the two wheels from 
the axle of a locomotive instantaneously, 
was the first machine of its kind ever 
built, and giant presses of fifteen thou- 
sand tons strength are the fruit of his 
mechanical genius and skill. Since 1908 
his talents have been devoted to the serv- 
ice of the Eastman Kodak Company in 
experimental work and machine improve- 
ment. These are his greatest successes 
only. He is the inventor of many original 
machines, has taken out many patents, 
and is a member of the International 
Congress of Inventors. Originality, 
enterprise, determination and industry 
have marked his business life, while cour- 
tesy and kindliness show in his inter- 
course with his fellow-men. He is 
highly esteemed and holds a place in 
public regard fairly won and worthily 
filled. 

Adolph Nolte, St., scion of an aristo- 
cratic German house, was educated in a 
manner befitting his station. He was one 
of those bold spirits who, inspired by a 
hatred of oppression and a love of liberty, 
joined in the "Students' Rebellion" in 
1841, and as a consequence was forced tf 
flee his native land. He tarried in France. 
joined the French army, fought in Africa 
with the French legions, and for gallantry 
was raised to the rank of an officer. He 
later came to the United States, locating 
in Rochester, where within a year of his 



arrival he was editor of the "Rochester 
Beobachter," a paper that he founded and 
printed in the German language. Its 
name was later changed to the "Rochester 
Abendpost," and for many years he con- 
tinued its editor and publisher. When 
war broke out between the States he 
recruited Company C, Thirteenth Regi- 
ment New York Volunteer Infantry, and 
upon receiving a captain's commission he 
led them to the front. The military 
spirit was in his blood and he fought as 
bravely for the Union as he had upon 
Algerian battlefields under the French 
flag, and was as ardent an apostle of 
liberty for the slave as when, a student in 
his native land, he raised the standard of 
revolt against tyranny. His influence 
among those of German birth in Roches- 
ter was very great, and being thoroughly 
imbued with American ideals he sought 
to inspire his countrymen with the same 
love and loyalty for their adopted coun- 
try and its institutions. He was one of 
the organizers of the Turn Verein, was a 
trustee of the Soldiers' Home, and a man 
held in highest respect in his adopted 
city by all classes. He married Margaret, 
daughter of John Sattler, a contractor of 
masonry and builder of the piers for the 
first iron bridge erected in Rochester. 
Adolph Nolte, Sr., died in 1893, mourned 
by a wide circle of loyal, loving friends. 
His wife died in 1885, aged forty-eight 
years. 

Adolph Nolte, Jr., son of Adolph and 
Margaret (Sattler) Nolte, was born in 
Rochester, New York, July 11, 1866, and 
has ever been a resident of his native 
city. He attended public schools until 
sixteen years of age, then became a 
machinist's apprentice. He converted his 
nights and days of vacation into hours of 
study, machine designing, mechanical 
drawings, mathematics, and technical 
branches of his trade being his favorite 



246 




^SA- 



i^AvA^ 




ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



branches. He adopted the foreign method 
of working in diilferent shops, thus be- 
coming familiar with all kinds of ma- 
chines, how they were built and how they 
were operated under varied conditions. 
This, with his constant study, marked 
natural inventive genius and constructive 
ability, laid the foundation for his future 
success as inventor and designer of ma- 
chinery and executive and for his high 
position in the mechanical world. In 1902 
he entered the employ of the Schaffer 
Manufacturing Company, beginning as a 
machinist, that firm then employing but 
four m,en in the machine shop and doing 
a limited business. He soon advanced to 
the position of foreman, and within a year 
and one-half after his entrance was made 
superintendent of the plant, in charge of 
a force of forty-two machinists. In 1906 
John O. Brewster, president of the com- 
pany, died, and Mr. Nolte, having become 
a large stockholder, organized the Hydro- 
Press Company with a capitalization of 
$75,000, and bought out the Schafifer 
Manufacturing Company, becoming vice- 
president and manager of the new com- 
pany. In 1908 he was elected president, 
but shortly afterward disposed of his 
interests in the company and accepted a 
position with the Eastman Kodak Com- 
pany which was more in accord with his 
tastes, experimental work, designing of 
new machinery, and improvements on 
that in use. The work Mr. Nolte did with 
the Schafifer and Hydro-Press companies 
resulted in a vast advance in the construc- 
tion of hydraulic presses. The power of 
the hydraulic press was vastly increased 
and the scope of its usefulness broadened. 
He built presses capable of exerting a 
pressure of fifteen thousand tons, and as 
heretofore noted designed a press for the 
removing of the two locomotive driving 
wheels from their axle instantaneously, 
the first of its kind ever built. Numerous 



patents exist as the product of his brain, 
many of them exceedingly valuable and 
covering a wide field. His invention to 
eliminate the shadows and reflections that 
a bright surfaced edge throws into a lens 
is exceedingly valuable, and his machine 
for grinding the edges to produce a milky 
surface was a result that lens makers had 
sought for vainly for thirty years. The 
introduction of his successful machine 
was hailed with delight by lens makers 
all over the world and found a ready sale. 
So, too, his machine for burnishing post 
cards was a great advance, raising both 
the quality and the quantity of the work 
produced. 

Mr. Nolte is a member of the Inter- 
national Congress of Inventors, the 
Rochester Turn Verein, and the Knights 
of Malta. In politics he is a Republican, 
but takes little active part in public affairs. 
He is one of the world's valued workers 
and the results of his labors have added 
to the sum of human achievement. 
Hardly yet in the full prime of his powers, 
there are many years of useful effort be- 
fore him, and even greater results are to 
be expected from his labors. 

Mr. Nolte married, April 27. 1887, Eliza, 
daughter of Adam Klein, of Rochester. 
Children: Elmer, Adele, Gladys, wife of 
Frank Stolte ; Mildred, and Lucille. 



PELLETREAU, William S., 

Genealogist, Antiquarian. 

The ancestors of this family were 
Huguenots who fled from France on the 
revocation of the Edict of Nantes. The 
first in America were Jean Pelletreau and 
his wife Magdalena ; their sons, Jean and 
Elie (John and Elias) had for an ancestor 
a physician to Admiral Coligny. The full 
family line appears at length in "History 
of Long Island," by Peter Ross, LL. D., 
Lewis Publishing Company, 1903. 



247 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



From such ancestry is descended Wil- 
liam S. Pelletreau, son of William S. and 
Elizabeth (Welles) Pelletreau. He was 
born in Southampton, Long Island, July 
19, 1840. His early education was 
obtained in the village school and at 
Southampton Academy. He was addicted 
to books from his early youth, and dis- 
played more than ordinary proficiency in 
language. In 1861 he was elected town 
clerk of Southampton. The ancient 
records (the oldest in the State, dating 
back to 1639), were in a chaotic condition, 
and all but entirely illegible. He accom- 
plished the almost hopeless task of col- 
lecting and arranging them in chron- 
ological order and transcribing them, and 
thus the oldest records of the oldest town 
were rescued from oblivion. In 1873 by 
vote of the town meeting, Mr. Pelletreau 
was authorized to print them, and when 
completed, the first work of the kind ever 
printed on Long Island, the work 
attracted most favorable attention. It 
was favorably reviewed in historical 
magazines and newspapers, and in recog- 
nition of his labors Mr. Pelletreau re- 
ceived from the University of the City of 
New York the honorary degree of Master 
of Arts. A second and a third volume 
soon followed. Since then, Mr. Pelle- 
treau's entire life has been devoted to 
historical research. Among his many 
works are narrative histories of Greene 
county and Rockland county. New York ; 
the genealogical portion of the "History 
of Westchester County," "History of 
Putnam County, New York ;" "Records of 
Smithtown, Long Island ;" "Early New 
York Houses;" "Early Long Island 
Wills," and "History of Long Island." 
Probably his most important works are 
four volumes of "Abstracts of New York 
Wills," prepared as part of the "Collec- 
tions of the New York Historical So- 
ciety," and which contain very carefully 



prepared abstracts of all the wills and 
documents contained in the first eighteen 
books of wills in the New York surro- 
gate's office, and are a mine of historical 
and genealogical information. Mr. Pelle- 
treau is a life member of the New York 
Historical Society, and is connected with 
the Huguenot Society of America. 



BUCKLEY, William Arthur, 

Contracting Bnilder. 

It is a well-attested maxim that the 
greatness of a State lies not in its ma- 
chinery of government, nor even in its 
institutions, but in the sterling qualities 
of its individual citizens, in their capacity 
for high and unselfish efYort and their 
devotion to the public good. Mr. Buckley 
is one who has through many years been 
an important factor in conserving the 
public interests. 

W'illiam Arthur Buckley was born in 
Rochester, Monroe county. New York, 
October 19, 1866, son of Thomas E. and 
Mary E. (Dalton) Buckley, the former 
named a prominent and successful mer- 
chant of Rochester, actively engaged in 
the picture business. St. Patrick's 
Parochial School afforded William A. 
Buckley the means of obtaining a prac- 
tical education, which qualified him for an 
active business career, which has been 
devoted to the general building line, he 
being a contractor of note and promi- 
nence, many of the buildings in his native 
city and vicinity standing as monuments 
of his skill and ability in the line chosen 
by him as his lifework. He is a self- 
made man, possessed of more than ordi- 
nary business acumen and is now in pos- 
session of a handsome competence, 
which has been acquired entirely through 
his own well-directed efforts. The qual- 
ities which have insured his success are 
those easily cultivated, and his example 



248 



mk^.^.£..^. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



should serve to encourage and inspire 
others to whom fate has not given wealth 
in the beginning of a business career. 
In politics he has always been a stalwart 
Democrat, the principles of which party 
he believes stands for the best govern- 
ment of the people. He served as alder 
man during the years 1908-09, represent- 
ing the Fifteenth Ward, as a member of 
the New York State Democratic Com- 
mittee for 1912-13-14, and on March 2, 
1914, was appointed postmaster of 
Rochester, the duties of which important 
office he is performing in an entirely 
creditable manner. His religious affili- 
ation is with Holy Apostles Roman Cath- 
olic Church, and he is also actively con- 
nected with the following organizations: 
Knights of Columbus, Ancient Order of 
Hibernians, Catholic Mutual Benefit As- 
sociation, St. Joseph's Catholic Young 
Men's Club, Improved Order of Red 
Men, Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks, and Woodmen of the World. Mr. 
Buckley is unmarried. 



SCHMEER, Henry, 

Frominent Mannfactarer. 

Henry Schmeer, whose business as a 
paper box manufacturer exceeds that of 
any similar enterprise in Syracuse, was 
born in that city on Christmas Day, 1845, 
his parents being Philip and Sophia 
(Thousand) Schmeer, both natives of 
Germany, the father crossing the Atlantic 
and becoming a resident of Syracuse in 
1835, and was one of the pioneer salt 
manufacturers there. He died in 1875, 
having for about three years survived his 
wife, who passed away in 1872. They 
were the parents of thirteen children but 
only two are now living, Henry and 
Jacob. 

Henry Schmeer attended the public 
schools of Syracuse to his thirteenth 



year, after which it became necessary for 
him to start out in life on his own account 
and he learned the trade of manufactur- 
ing candy with a Mr. Holliday, in whose 
employ he continued for three years. On 
the expiration of that period he took up 
the business of manufacturing paper 
boxes at a time when all work was done 
by hand. He was in the employ of the 
Trowbridge Box Company, managing 
same, and thoroughly acquainted him- 
self with all branches of the business. 
Because of some differences with the 
Trowbridge Company, he left their em- 
ployment and after the war he engaged 
in the manufacture of paper boxes on his 
own account, starting in a very small way 
with a capital of only five dollars. He 
admitted Mr. Philip Listman to a part- 
nership in the year 1867 and they began 
the manufacture of paper boxes in the 
old Wieting Block, where they remained 
for two years, when they removed to 
South Clinton street, near Walton street. 
For some time they continued together, 
but in 1883 Mr. Schmeer sold out his 
interest in the business to Mr. Listman 
and established a plant of his own on 
West Water street, making the same line 
of goods there until 1889, when he re- 
moved to No. 108 Noxen street, where he 
occupied three floors of that building and 
where he did an extensive business until 
1894. Business grew so rapidly that he 
was forced to look for larger quarters, so 
he purchased the lot at No. 202-204 Noxen 
street, just one block from his old place. 
This lot extended through to Marnell 
avenue. He built a four-story brick 
building in the rear of this lot and began 
an extensive business, employing about 
sixty hands at that time. The firm name 
was the Henry Schmeer Manufacturing 
Company. In the year 1907 he was forced 
to add another story, making it five 
stories high. The business kept on grow- 



249 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ing until 1913, when he was compelled to 
build again. This time instead of adding 
more stories to the same building, he 
extended three stories to Noxen street, 
connecting with the old building. This 
new edition is constructed of concrete and 
brick reinforced with steel, equipped 
throughout with the Grinell Automatic 
Sprinkler System, making it as fire-proof 
as possible. The building is ideal for 
manufacturing purposes, getting light and 
air from three sides, and has access from 
two streets. It is one of the best manu- 
facturing plants in the city; has a floor 
space of about thirty-five thousand square 
feet and gives employment to over one 
hundred hands. In the year 1910 the 
business was incorporated under the laws 
of the State of New York and from that 
time has been going under the name of 
Schmeer's Paper Box Company, Incor- 
porated. The business is owned entirely 
by Mr. Henry Schmeer and children, all 
of whom have stock in same. The officers 
are : President, Mr. Henry Schmeer ; vice- 
president, Mr. George J. Schmeer; gen- 
eral manager, Mr. Henry P. Schmeer ; 
secretary, Mr. William N. Schmeer ; 
treasurer, Mr. Charles F. Schmeer. His 
political allegiance is given to the Repub- 
lican party, but he is not a politician in 
the sense of office seeking. He is a mem- 
ber of the First English Lutheran Church, 
with which he has been active for over a 
quarter of a century. He is also identified 
with the Citizens' Club, Angler's Club, 
South Bay Club House, De Forrest Ang- 
ling Association and the Chamber of Com- 
merce. 

In 1873 ^Ir. Schmeer was united in 
marriage to Julia Meyers, of Syracuse, 
and they had seven children, two daugh- 
ters, Julia and Stella, and five sons, 
George J., Henry P., William N., Robert, 
and Charles F. Robert died in the year 
1880 at the age of eight months, his was 



the first grave in Woodlawn Cemetery. 
Julia died in 1887 at the age of sixteen 
years and six months. William N. was 
married to Theresa Vischer in 1907 and 
they have one daughter, Stella Florence 
Schmeer, age eight years. Henry P. 
Schmeer was united in marriage to 
Bertha Herbrich in 1903, no children, his 
wife died in 1914. George J. Schmeer was 
married to Caroline Hack in 1898 and 
they had one son, born 1915, who died in 
infancy. Miss Stella Schmeer was mar- 
ried, in 1914, to Mr. Stanley Kingsbury. 
Character and ability will come to the 
front anywhere, a truth which is manifest 
in the life of Mr. Schmeer, starting out 
for himself at the early age of thirteen 
years he has gradually advanced until 
to-day he occupies an enviable position in 
industrial circles. 



WINKWORTH, Edwin David, 

Enterprising Citizen, 

While the great Solvay Process Com- 
pany is one of the wonders of the com- 
mercial world in the magnitude of its 
business, its proudest achievement is the 
perfection of its organization and the 
opportunity it offers for men to develop 
the peculiar talent they may possess. 
When but a lad of sixteen years fresh 
from high school, Mr. Winkworth entered 
the employ of that company and for 
twenty-three years he has known no 
other. He is a son of John W. and Anna 
S. Winkworth, his father a veteran of the 
Civil War, his service performed with the 
Ninth Regiment New York Heavy Artil- 
lery. 

Edwin D. Winkworth was born at 
Geddes, Onondaga county. New York, 
January I, 1877, «^rid was educated in 
grammar and high schools. In 1893 he 
entered the employ of the Solvay Process 
Company and with that company and the 



250 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Semet Solvay Company has passed the 
years which have since intervened. Dur- 
ing those years he has served in various 
capacities, now being assistant secretary 
of the company and manager of the sales 
department. Busy as his life has been 
Mr. Winkworth has been active in com- 
munity affairs and in social life. He is 
president of the West End Citizens' Im- 
provement Association, president of the 
West End Citizens' Club, member of the 
Citizens' and Rotary clubs of Syracuse, 
Central City Lodge, Free and Accepted 
Masons; Syracuse Lodge, No. 31, Be- 
nevolent and Protective Order of Elks ; 
and of West Genesee Avenue Methodist 
Episcopal Church. In political faith he 
is a Republican. 

Mr. Winkworth married in Syracuse, 
August 30, 1905, Prudence Mary Brind- 
ley, daughter of Joseph and Prudence 
Brindley. They are the parents of three 
children: Laura, born July 28, 1906; Ed- 
ward, March 18, 1908; Eleanor, January 
29, igi2. 



MELDRAM, John Charles, 

Attorney-at-Iia'w. 

A practitioner at the Onondaga county 
bar since his graduation from law school 
in 1878 Mr. Meldram has won honorable 
standing at that bar, and to his profes- 
sional work has given his entire time and 
energy. He is a son of John James Mel- 
dram, and a grandson of James Meldram, 
who came in 1820 from Leeds, England, 
to the United States, and died in Syra- 
cuse, New York, in 1890. aged eighty- 
nine years, having conducted a meat busi- 
ness for fifty years, his shop being on 
Warren street where the Snow building 
now stands. John James Meldram, who 
died in Syracuse, April 28, 1893, was for 
manv years engaged in the public service 
as deputy sheriflf; United States deputy 
marshal ; under sheriff, sheriff and court 



crier. He married Sarah Lavina Willard, 
who died in February, 1899, daughter of 
William W. Willard, who' died in 1876, 
senior member of the jewelry firm of Wil- 
lard & Hawley, of Syracuse. 

John Charles Meldram, son of John 
James and Sarah Lavina (Willard) Mel- 
dram, was born in Syracuse, New York, 
July 20, 1856. After completing the pub- 
lic school courses in grammar and high 
schools of Syracuse, he began the study 
of law, taking the full course at Albany 
Law School from whence he was gradu- 
ated LL. B. class of 1878. He was at 
once admitted to the Onondaga bar and 
began practice in Syracuse practically 
alone until 1884. He then formed a law 
partnership with the late William James, 
that association continuing until 1889. He 
continued alone until about 1907, when 
the present partnership with Frank R. 
Lennox was entered into. The firm prac- 
tices as Meldram & Lennox, with offices 
923-931 University Building, Syracuse. 
Their practice is an extensive one, con- 
ducted in all State and Federal courts. 
Mr. Meldram is a member of the Knights 
of Pythias, the Citizens' Club, The An- 
glers' Club of Onondaga, the Anglers' As- 
sociation of Onondaga, and the Onondaga 
County Bar Association. 

He married in Syracuse, in July, 1881, 
Nellie E., daughter of Griffith Nelson and 
Emily A. (Costello) Griffith. Mr. and 
Mrs. Meldram have four children : Frank 
John, born November 10, 1882; Leo 
Grififith, April 29, 1888; Marjorie, De- 
cember 16, 1889; Emily Lavina, March 
10, 1893. 



EDWARDS, Oliver Murray, 

Mannfacturer, Inventor. 

The Edwards family, represented in the 
present generation by Oliver "M. Edwards, 
inventor and manufacturer, of Syracuse, 
claims as its ancestor Talmage Edwards, 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



who, accompanied by his brother, Daniel 
Edwards, came to this country from the 
border of Wales and England before the 
Revolutionary War, locating, probably, 
in the State of Connecticut, from whence 
Talmage Edwards removed to New York 
State and later to Johnstown, where he 
established the heavy glove business 
which later grew to be the local industry 
and remains so to this day. The tradition 
is that Daniel Edwards died during the 
period of the Revolutionary War, the fact 
remaining that he was not heard from 
afterward. The following was copied 
from the Johnstown "Republican," issue 
of October 19, 1895 : 

The manufacture of gloves in this vicinity 
(Johnstown, New York) dates back many years 
and to-day there are thousands of people em- 
ployed in this industry in Johnstown. It is esti- 
mated that no less than 30,000 are employed in 
this business in the Cayadutta valley. Tal- 
mage Edwards, a downcast Yankee, had learned 
the art of dressing deer skins and of making 
moccasins, mittens and leather breeches. He 
began in a small way in a little house erected 
by him at the corner of William and Mont- 
gomery streets in Johnstown, on the site of the 
present residence of Everett M. Kennedy. In 
the course of time others became interested in 
the dressing of leather and its manufacture, and 
the business has increased until now there are 
250 concerns in Fulton county making gloves. 
The sales of the product of the glove industry 
in Fulton county aggregate nearly $10,000,000 
annually. 

John Edwards, the first of the line here- 
in recorded of whom we have authentic 
record, was born in 1781, and when two 
years of age accompanied his parents to 
Johnstown, New York, removing thence 
from Dutchess county. New York. He 
served as jailor of Fulton county from 
1806 to 1812, and was elected to Congress 
in 1836. He married and among his chil- 
dren was Daniel, of whom further. 

Daniel Edwards, son of John Edwards, 
was born in 1804. in Johnstown, New 
York, and later became a very prominent 
citizen of that place. He married Sally 



Maria Wells, daughter of Eleazer Wells, 
of Johnstown, who owned and occupied 
the Sir William Johnson estate at Johns- 
town, which has recently been sold to the 
State of New York. Among the children 
of Mr. and Mrs. Edwards was Eleazer 
Wells, of whom further. 

Eleazer Wells Edwards, son of Daniel 
and Sally Maria (Wells) Edwards, was 
born in Johnstown, New York, April 17, 
1838, died in Syracuse, New York, where 
he had resided for many years, November 
25, 191 1. His father was for many years 
a merchant in Johnstown, and on his re- 
tirement from business in 1863, the son 
succeeded the father, continuing the busi- 
ness which had been founded in 1832. In 
1889 Eleazer W. Edwards removed to 
Syracuse, accompanied by his son, Oliver 
M. Edwards, who had recently been taken 
into partnership in the Johnstown store. 
Another son of Eleazer W. Edwards, 
Daniel M. Edwards, who had been oper- 
ating a store at Gloversville, had pre- 
ceded them to Syracuse and there pur- 
chased the old Milton S. Price store. The 
Syracuse firm was established under the 
style of E. W. Edwards & Sons, compris- 
ing Eleazer W. Edwards and his two 
sons, O. M. and D. M. Edwards. Eleazer 
W. Edwards was an elder of the South 
Presbyterian Church of Syracuse. He 
was a member of the Citizens' Club ; St. 
Patrick's Lodge, No. 4, Free and Accepted 
Masons, of Johnstown ; the Masonic Vet- 
erans' Association of Syracuse, and was 
one of the trustees of the Auburn Theo- 
logical Seminary. His business, church, 
and personal relations gathered around 
him a large circle of friends, and he was 
considered a type of Christian manhood, 
belonging to the old school in which 
honesty, integrity and character were 
considered paramount essentials in busi- 
ness life. Mr. Edwards was deeply inter- 
ested in his business, and his inherent 
honesty and sincerity built up an exten- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



sive business, growing out of the general 
confidence felt in him by the public. He 
was deeply attached to his family and of 
domestic tendencies. He endeared him- 
self to all who came in contact with him, 
had a host of friends and was not known 
to have a single enemy. His deeply re- 
ligious nature led him to take an unusual 
interest in church work, and he was 
among the most valuable citizens of the 
city. He did not seek a part in the public 
life in ofificial capacity, but his share in 
the development of all which made for 
progress and civilization was very large. 
To an unusual degree charitable, his 
heart and purse were ever open to the call 
of genuine distress. 

Mr. Edwards married, October ii, 1859, 
at Ephrata, New York, Amy Murray, 
born September 17, 1835, in that town, 
and died in Syracuse, December 29, 1914. 
They were the parents of two children : 
Oliver Murray, of whom further ; Daniel 
M., an extensive dry goods merchant of 
Syracuse and Rochester, New York. 

Oliver Murray Edwards, son of Eleazer 
Wells and Amy (Murray) Edwards, was 
born at Ephrata. New York, October 20, 
1862. He received his education at the 
academy of Johnstown, Fort Edward In- 
stitute, and Boys' Academy of Albany, all 
of New York. His early life was passed 
am.id agreeable and inspiring surroundings, 
and he was taught those principles which 
establish men in the hearts of their fel- 
lows. He had a mechanical genius, and, 
resigning from the dry goods firm of E. 
W. Edwards & Sons, turned his atten- 
tion to the development of devices for the 
improvement of articles already on the 
market and also made many new inven- 
tions which have entered largely into 
use. Among his most important produc- 
tions may be mentioned the Edwards 
Window Fixtures and Extension Plat- 
form Trap Doors for railroad cars, now 



in universal use on both steam and elec- 
tric cars throughout the world. He 
engaged in the manufacture of these and 
other products of his invention, and in 
producing the well known Omeco line of 
padlocks and steel office furniture and 
bank and battleship furniture. He is 
president of the O. M. Edwards Company, 
Incorporated, which is now conducting a 
very extensive business. He is affiliated 
with the Masonic order, in which he has 
attained the thirty-second degree, and is 
associated with Central City Command- 
ery. No. 25, Knights Templar, of Syra- 
cuse, New York, and Ziyara Temple, 
Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of the 
Mystic Shrine, of Utica, New York. He 
is connected with many clubs of busi- 
ness and social character, including the 
Citizens, Century, City, Masonic Temple, 
Technology, Onondaga Golf and Coun- 
try, Sedgwick Farm, and Automobile 
Club, of Syracuse ; the South Bay, Stony 
Island, Fulton Chain Yacht, New York 
Railroad, Central Railroad and Trans- 
portation clubs. His home in Syracuse 
is located on James street, and he also 
has a camp in the Adirondacks. called 
"Paom.nyc" at Eagle Bay on Fourth 
Lake of Fulton Chain. 

Mr. Edwards married, in Johnstown, 
February 3, 1886, Josephine Adele Riton, 
and they have six children: Joseph Jean, 
born January 8. 1887; Eleazer Wells, 
born July 11. 1889, died September 13, 
1915 ; Amy Murray, born August 27, 
1891 ; Harold, born September 28, 1893 ; 



Oliver, born December 29, 
Louise, born December 8, iJ 



NICHOLS, Erwin George, 

Attorney-at-Iiair. 

"The name Nichols (an abt 
of Nicholas) is of purely 
origin, having been invented 



Helen 



reviation 

patrician 

by the 



253 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Alexandro-Egyptian dynasty as a Cog- 
nomen for princes," (Patronymica Brit- 
tanica). By degrees the brevet acquired 
the permanence of a surname, eventuat- 
ing in the historic Nicholas family of 
Europe which has given the church two 
Popes, besides a long line of nobility. 
The branch of this celebrated and ancient 
family from which Erwin George 
Nichols, of Syracuse, descends settled 
near Berne, in Switzerland, from whence 
they came to the United States. His 
great-grandfather, John Nichols, fought 
with the Swiss Highlanders in the Na- 
poleonic wars and in each generation the 
family in all its branches have displayed 
high qualities of leadership in whatever 
station placed. Livingston county. New 
York, was the early seat of this branch of 
the family. 

Erwin George Nichols is a son of John 
E. and Sarah E. Nichols, now living 
retired at Avon, New York, grandson of 
Smith Nichols, and great-grandson of 
John Nichols, the Swiss soldier. Erwin 
G. Nichols was born at Avon, Livingston 
county. New York, September 8, 1856. 
He passed through the various public 
school grades and was graduated from 
Avon High School, class of "04." He 
then entered Syracuse University, Col- 
lege of Liberal Arts, whence he was 
graduated Bachelor of Philosophy, class 
of "08," and from the University Law 
School, Bachelor of Laws, class of "10." 
He was at once admitted to the Onondaga 
county bar and has been in continuous 
practice of his profession since that year 
as a member of the well known and 
highly regarded law firm of Wiles, Neily 
& Nichols, with offices at No. 540-46 
Gurney Building, Syracuse. 

Mr. Nichols is a Republican in politics ; 
member of Park Central Presbyterian 
Church, Syracuse ; Phi Delta Phi frater- 
nity ; the various bar associations of the 



city ; Central City Lodge, No. 305, Free 
and Accepted Masons, and all bodies of 
thf? Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite, hold- 
ing all degrees up to and including the 
thirty-second of Lodge of Perfection, 
Chapter of Rose Croix, Council Princes of 
Jerusalem and Consistory. His clubs are 
the Citizens', City, University, Bellevue 
Country, all of Syracuse. Although in 
practice but a few years, Mr. Nichols has 
demonstrated his fitness for the profes- 
sion he chose and has gained a large 
degree of public favor. 



MOREY, John Everts, 

Journalist. 

Journalism in Rochester and the name 
Morey have been synonymous terms for 
well on to three-quarters of a century, 
John Everts Morey, father and son, rep- 
resenting two generations of the family 
owning and publishing the Rochester 
"Daily Advertiser," consolidated with the 
Rochester "Union" in 1856, the "Union 
and Advertiser," the Rochester "Herald," 
and the "Evening Times." 

John Everts Morey, Sr., was born in 
Onondaga county. New York, in 1821, 
died in Rochester, New York, September 
II, 1890. He was thrown on his own 
resources at the age of eleven years, 
learned the trade of printer, came to 
Rochester and became one of the promi- 
nent figures in Western New York jour- 
nalism. He became owner of the Roches- 
ter "Daily Advertiser" and was its pub- 
lisher until 1856 when a consolidation 
was effected with the Rochester "Union." 
The new paper the "Union and Adver- 
tiser" was successfully conducted under 
the business management of John E. 
Morey until 1885, when he sold his inter- 
e.sl'-; and retired, being sixty-four years of 
:;ge. He died in Rochester five years 
later. He married Ann Maria Smith. 



254 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



born at New London, Connecticut, in 
•822. 

From 1874 until the retirement of Mr. 
Morey, Sr., in 1885, father and son were 
contemporaries in the journalistic field, 
and both interested in the ownership as 
well as in the management of the "Union 
and Advertiser." When the senior with- 
drew the junior Morey continued as a 
large owner in the Rochester "Herald" 
until 1895, and since 1901 he has been 
principal owner of the "Evening Times," 
president of the Evening Times Company 
and general manager. There is no posi- 
tion in a newspaper office he has not 
filled from press boy to editor and man- 
ager. Journalism has been his life work 
and he has never been led astray by the 
allurements of political office, holding to 
the chief tenet of the school of journalism 
in which he was trained that independ- 
ence was an editor's chief duty to his 
readers and must be preserved from such 
obligations as the acceptance of office 
imposed. Independence and progressive- 
ness have marked his course and he is 
one of the best exponents of modern 
journalism. The "Evening Times" is one 
of the leading journals of Western New 
York and in every page breathes the high 
purpose of its leading spirit, John E. 
Alorey, Jr. 

John Everts Morey, Jr., was born in 
Rochester, New York, November 22, 
1856. He has spent his life in his na(ive 
city and since his eighteenth year has 
been connected with newspaper work. 
After courses in Rochester private 
schools he entered DeGrafifs Military 
Academy, completing a four-year course 
in 1874. He was naturally attracted to 
the business in which his honored father 
was so conspicuous, and at the age of 
eighteen he entered the office of the 
"Union and Advertiser," beginning at the 



bottom of the ladder. Three years later, 
in 1877, so rapidly had he advanced, 
he was admitted to a part ownership. He 
took an active part in the development 
of the paper during the next eight years, 
but in 1885 both Mr. Morey senior and 
junior sold their interests in the "Union 
and Advertiser," the elder man retiring 
from active business. John E. Morey, 
Jr., at once purchased a large interest in 
the Rochester "Herald," became its busi- 
ness manager and for ten years con- 
tinued in that capacity. In 1895 the 
"Herald" was sold to a Democratic syndi- 
cate, Mr. Morey retiring from the paper 
with the sale of his stock. He was not 
concerted as owner with any of the city 
journals for the next five years, but in 
1901 again entered the field of journalism 
as purchaser of the "Evening Times," 
which has since attained high rank under 
his able management. He is president 
and general manager of the Evening 
Times Company, and gives to the paper 
and its interests his entire time and 
energy. He is one of the best known 
figures in Western New York journalism, 
and is highly esteemed both within and 
without his own particular field of 
activity. He is a member of Frank R. 
Lawrence Lodge, Free and Accepted 
Masons, the Genesee Valley Club, the 
Rochester Athletic Club and several 
purely professional associations. 

Mr. Morey married, February 8, 1877, 
Alice R. Gage, daughter of George W. 
Gage, of Fredonia, New York. Their 
only son, Frank G. Morey, died in early 
childhood. The family home is at Avon, 
New York, a beautiful stone mansion of 
the style of eighty years ago, built on a 
well situated tract, five hundred and 
eighty feet front, a bower of horticultural 
beauty in which the soul of its owner 
delights. 



255 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



WOODBURN, Hiram H. 



Enterprising Citizen, Public Official. 

Hiram H. Woodburn, of Binghamton, 
New York, is one of those men who have 
had success attend the efforts which they 
have strenuously made, and which have 
enabled them to rise from a comparatively 
humble place to a position of prominence 
in the community, commanding the 
respect and esteem of all who knew them. 
His keen discernment and marked enter- 
prise have long been recognized as 
salient characteristics in his career, and 
yet his life has never been narrowed by 
concentration of his energies on one 
point. On the contrary he is known as a 
broad-minded, public-spirited man, who 
has kept in touch with those concerns of 
vital interest to his city and State, labor- 
ing entirely for public progress in many 
ways and especially for the moral devel- 
opment of the community. He stands 
to-day a strong man — strong in his honor, 
strong in his good name, and strong in 
what he has accomplished, not only in the 
life of individual gain but for the benefit 
of his fellow-men, in whom his interest 
is deep and sincere. He is a representa- 
tive of an ancient fam,ily. 

Woodburn is an ancient surname of 
England and Scotland, derived from the 
name of a locality. During the persecu- 
tions of the Scotch Presbyterians by the 
English in 1685, John Furgushall and 
George Woodburn were shot to death by 
Nisbet and his party. On their grave- 
stone in Finnick, Scotland, is written : 
"When bloody prelates, once this nation's 
pest, contrived that curs'd self-contradic- 
tory test, these men for Christ did suffer 
martyrdom. And here their blood lies 
waiting till he comes." A branch of the 
Woodburn family went from Scotland to 
Ulster, North of Ireland. The New Eng- 
land Woodburns are probably all de- 
scended from John Woodburn, who was 



born in Scotland or Ireland about 1700, 
and came with the Scotch-Irish to Lon- 
donderry, New Hampshire, a few years 
after the settlement of 1718. With him 
came a brother David. Another immi- 
grant came with the Scotch-Irish to Penn- 
sylvania. They were from the same 
section as the New Hampshire Wood- 
burns. As neither branch had lived long 
in Ireland, and as there were very few 
of them judging from the records, it is 
fair to suppose that the New Hampshire 
and Pennsylvania settlers were closely 
related, possibly brothers. The family 
scattered throughout the State. In 1790, 
according to the first Federal census, 
there were seven heads of families named 
Woodburn. 

George Woodburn, great-grandfather 
of Hiram H. Woodburn, was born Sep- 
tember 13, 1722. He married Mary Cul- 
bert, born September 13, 1736. They 
were the parents of Naphtali, of whom 
further. 

Naphtali Woodburn, grandfather of 
Hiram H. Woodburn, was born Decem- 
ber 30, 1768. He married and was the 
father of Naphtali, of whom further. 

Naphtali Woodburn, father of Hiram 
H. Woodburn, was a native of Pennsyl- 
vania, and died in 1871. He was a 
farmer, and was one of the first to enter 
the Union army at the time of the out- 
break of the Civil War. He was in active 
service until the battle of Petersburg, 
when he was severely wounded and in- 
capacitated for further active duty. In 
1871 he removed with his family to Tioga 
county. New York, where his death 
occurred. He married Elizabeth Havens, 
also born in Pennsylvania, and they had 
children : Clarence, although only a 
young lad when the Civil War broke out, 
enlisted, was wounded at Gettysburg, and 
is now deceased ; Olive, married, and 
lives at LaGrange, Illinois; Hiram H., 
whose name heads this sketch. 




/yCr^^^^^.y^' yy^^Ti^^^^^^u/t^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Hiram H. Woodburn was born in 
Rome, Bradford county, Pennsylvania, 
November 12, 1866. He was but five 
years of age when he was brought to 
New York by his parents, and his early 
years were spent in Tioga county, where 
he acquired his education in the public 
schools. In 18S2 he came to Bingham- 
ton, New York, being in the employ of 
the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western 
Railroad Company, starting as a water 
boy. He soon proved his ability, and at 
the end of two years entered the service 
of the Delaware & Hudson Railroad 
Company, where he was a brakeman on a 
passenger train. From this position h' 
was placed in that of conductor on pas- 
senger trains, an almost unheard of pro- 
motion, as the conductors of passenger 
trains have always been drawn from the 
ranks of the freight car conductors. He 
was one of the youngest men ever en- 
trusted by the company with the respon- 
sible duties of a passenger conductor. 
He was in the employ of the Delaware 
& Hudson Company for a period of 
twenty-five years, lacking one month, his 
run being between Binghamton and 
Albany. 

In June, 1908, Mr. Woodburn, in asso- 
ciation with J. W. Ballard and Joseph 
Bromley, organized the Atlas Coal & 
Supply Company, dealers in coal and 
building materials. Their plant, located 
at the corner of Court and Alice streets, 
covers an acre of ground, and is fully 
equipped in the most modern manner. 
The original officers of the company 
were : Mr. Ballard, president ; Mr. Wood- 
burn, vice-president ; Mr. Bromley, treas- 
urer. At the expiration of two years Mr. 
Ballard withdrew from the concern and 
Mr. Woodburn became president and 
manager. The capital stock is $25,000, it 
has been a success from its inception, and 
they now transact a business of upwards 
of $120,000. 

N Y-Vol lV-17 257 



But it was not to business aflfairs alone 
that Mr. Woodburn devoted his energies. 
Very early in life he took a decided inter- 
est in political matters, and this interest 
increased and became intensified with the 
passing years. His first political office 
was as district committeeman in the 
Seventh Ward, and in 1898 he was elected 
a m,ember of the Common Council from 
the same ward, and served in this office 
for eight successive years. For a number 
of years he was chairman of the finance 
committee of this honorable body. In 
1906 he was honored by election as mayor 
of the city of Binghamton, served two 
years, and as soon as he entered upon the 
duties of this office, the city felt the 
benefit of his executive ability and bril- 
liant ideas. His first step was, figura- 
tively, to clean house for the city. Under 
his management the disorderly element 
in the city was practically eliminated, in 
all directions. He established a sinking 
fund by levying a tax on the proceeds of 
the water plant, a municipal afifair ; he 
met with bitter opposition, but he had the 
courage of his convictions, knew what 
was best for the city and its residents, 
and at the present time is accorded the 
highest praise for his determined con- 
duct in this matter. He was dubbed the 
"Railroad Mayor," and a feeling as to 
his incapacity appeared to prevail in 
many circles, but he amply demonstrated 
that his knowledge was not of railroad 
matters alone. His political affiliation 
has always been with the Republican 
party, and he is in frequent demand as a 
delegate to State conventions. He is a 
born fighter, and generally wins his 
battles. In August, 191 5, he was ap- 
pointed a member of the Child's Welfare 
League, and was elected its first chair- 
man at the meeting held September 3, 
191 5. He was strongly urged to accept 
the nomination for mayor of the city in 
the fall of 1915, but he resolutely 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



declined the honor, believing that he is 
best serving the city by devoting himself 
to the conduct of his business affairs. 
His religious connection is with the Cen- 
tenary Methodist Episcopal Church of 
Binghamton, in which he holds office as 
president of the board of trustees. He is 
a member of the Improved Order of Red 
Men, the Royal Arcanum, and other 
fraternal bodies of lesser importance. 

Mr. Woodburn married, September 28, 
1887, Delia Rice Pratt, of Binghamton. 
One child blessed this union: Eva, who 
is now the wife of Francis V. Leary, 
an attorney-at-law of Binghamton, and 
they have one child — Francis Woodburn 
Leary. 



CHAPIN, Charles Terry, 

Active in Commnnity Affairs. 

Few men in Rochester have a wider 
acquaintance or are more popular in their 
circle of acquaintances than Charles 
Terry Chapin, president of the Chapin- 
Owen Company, and president of the 
Rochester Base Ball Club. As a huciness 
man of initiative and action, he has proved 
a worthy successor of his honored father, 
Charles Hall Chapin, one of the eminent 
business men of his day, while his inter- 
est in the manly sports and recreations 
has resulted in the advancement of the 
organizations particularly charged with 
their maintenance as a means of public 
enjoyment. By heredity Mr. Chapin is 
entitled to rank with the worthiest of the 
land, his American ancestor. Deacon 
Samuel Chapin, coming with the Puri- 
tans of 1635, the history of New England 
being enriched through his deeds and 
those of his descendants in founding 
colony and commonwealth. Through 
maternal line, the Chapin descent is 
traced to Timothy Dwight, LL. D., an 
early president of Yale College. 



Of the sixth American generation of 
the family founded by Deacon Thomas 
Chapin was Judge Moses Chapin, who 
located in Rochester, New York, became 
the third judge of Monroe county, serv- 
ing from 1826 to 1831, following Elisha 
B. Strong, 1821-23, and Ashley Sampson, 
1823-26. He was admitted a member of 
the Rochester bar about 1821 and was 
one of the eminent men of his day. 

His son, Charles Hall Chapin, was 
born in Rochester, New York, January 6, 
1830, and died in his native city, March 
16, 1882, after a life of great activity and 
usefulness. Early in his business career 
he became business manager of the Kidd 
Iron Works of Rochester, which for 
several years were operated under the 
firm name of Chapin & Terry. In 1877 
he organized the Rochester Car Wheel 
Works on the business established by 
William Kidd, and was its directing head 
until his death. That enterprise, estab- 
lished by Charles Hall Chapin, was a very 
successful one under the founder's guid- 
ance and under his son, Charles T. Chapin, 
became one of the most important indus- 
trial concerns of Rochester. Charles Hall 
Chapin was also vice-president of the 
Charlotte Iron Works and a trustee of the 
Roberts Iron Works, Kingston, Canada. 
He was equally prominent in financial 
circles, being one of the organizers and 
bulwarks of the private banking house of 
Kidd & Chapin, founded in 1871. The 
house continued as private bankers until 
1875, then was merged with the Bank of 
Rochester, Mr. Chapin becoming presi- 
dent of the consolidation and continuing 
its executive head until his death. He 
was a man of sound judgment and great 
business ability, full of ready resource 
and quick powers of decision. He led 
the enterprises with which he was con- 
nected to a condition of solid prosperity 
and will long be remembered as one of 



258 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the strong men of his day and an im- 
portant factor in Rochester's upbuilding 
as a commercial city. 

He married, in 1854, Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of William Kidd, also one of Roches- 
ter's early men of afifairs. Mr. and Mrs. 
Charles Hall Chapin were the parents of 
William Kidd ; Charles Terry, of further 
mention ; Mary Ward, married William 
E. Marcus; Edward Hall; Eleanor B., 
who died in 1881. 

Charles Terry Chapin was born in 
Rochester, New York, February 24, 1861. 
After courses of study in private schools 
he entered Rochester High School, there 
continuing until 1877. He was sixteen 
years of age when he first entered the 
employ of the old Bank of Rochester, of 
which his father was president, an insti- 
tution which later flourished as the Ger- 
man-American Bank and is now the Lin- 
coln National Bank. Mr. Chapin was a 
bookkeeper in the old bank until 1880, 
and after arriving at man's estate and 
gaining valuable business experience he 
was elected secretary and treasurer of the 
Rochester Car Wheel Works, founded by 
his eminent father. Later he was elected 
president of the corporation and so con- 
tinued its executive head until 1905 when 
it became an integral part of the National 
Car Wheel Company. His active of^cial 
connection with the works then ceased, 
tut he continues to act as special repre- 
sentative of the National Car Wheel 
Company in matters of unusual import- 
ance. He is president of the Chapin- 
Owen Company, Incorporated, the Auto- 
ist's and Sportsman's Shop, dealing in 
everything for the autoist or the sports- 
man, both at wholesale and retail. No. 
380 Main Street East. 

Ever a devotee of out-of-doors sports 
Tie took a deep interest in the Flower City 
Driving Club and for five years was its 
president. He loves a good horse, is 



especially fond of the light harness strain 
and owned some of the finest and fastest, 
his horse "Connor" having a track record 
of 2.03 1-4 and his Dariel 2.00 1-4 had the 
distinction of being the fastest pacing 
mare in the world. Base ball is also one 
of Mr. Chapin's fads in sport and as 
owner and president of the Rochester 
Base Ball Club he brought three pennants 
to Rochester and gives to the patrons of 
the game an opportunity to enjoy their 
favorite game under most favorable con- 
ditions. 

Mr. Chapin has borne his full share of 
civic responsibility, serving as police 
commissioner for five years, 1896-1901, 
and as park commissioner from Novem- 
ber 6, 1902, to 191 5. He was an active 
member of the old volunteer fire depart- 
ment, serving as secretary of Alert Hose 
Company from the time he joined in 1881 
until elected president of the company 
in 1883, filling the latter ofifice four years. 
He is now a member of the Exempt Fire- 
men's Association. He was for one year 
vice-president of the Rochester Chamber 
of Commerce, later chairman of the com- 
mittee on manufactures and promotion of 
trade. He has borne an important part 
in the efl^orts of the chamber to promote 
Rochester's commercial welfare and as an 
individual lends his aid to every worthy 
enterprise. He is a life member of the 
Rochester Athletic Club, belongs to the 
Rochester Whist Club, Rochester Club, 
Ad Club, Rotary Club, and is affiliated 
as life member with the Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks. His all round 
activity in business, civic afifairs and 
sports has brought him an exceedingly 
wide circle of acquaintances and from 
whatever angle viewed Mr. Chapin is 
recognized as one of the strong and valu- 
able men of his city. 

He married, September 5, 1882, Emily, 
daughter of Colonel William Emerson. 



259 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Mrs. Chapin died May 24, 1885, leaving a 
son, Charles Hall Chapin (2). He is a 
graduate of Yale University, class of 1907, 
now treasurer of Chapin-Owen Company 
(Incorporated). He has inherited his 
father's love for out-of-door sports and 
at Yale in his freshman year was catcher 
of the inter-collegiate champion baseball 
team, and in 1906 was manager of the 
Yale champion basket ball team. He and 
his father are particularly congenial in 
their athletic tastes and are associated in 
the different Chapin enterprises. 



MOSHER, Howard Townsend, ^ 
Educator, Lawyer, Lecturer. 

The earliest traditions of the Mosher 
family locate them in Alsace, France, 
about the year 1580. Their home was in 
the southern part of the province, near 
Strassburg. The name is compounded of 
two German words Mos and Herr, which 
when combined means Mosslord or 
"Lord of the Moss." This may be taken 
to imply that the founder of the family 
name was a man of prominence, and had 
his residence on a mossy mound or hill. 
After Alsace was annexed to France, 
both the German and French languages 
were in use. The French spelled the 
name Mosier or Motier. In England the 
German method of spelling the name 
prevailed, Mosher. In religion the family 
were Protestants, and with many others 
fled to England to escape persecution. 
It is supposed they went to England 
under the leadership of Hugh Mosher 
prior to the year 1600. They located in 
Manchester, Chester and London. The 
Manchester records show that five 
Mosher brothers were engaged in busi- 
ness in that city in 1616, partners and silk 
weavers. They were : William, John, 
Thomas, Stephen and George. The 
American ancestor. Ensign Hugh Mosher, 
was a son of Stephen Mosher. 



Ensign Hugh Mosher, son of Stephen 
Mosher, of Manchester, England, sailed 
for America and reached Boston in 1636. 
Another Hugh Mosher, son of Thomas 
Mosher, settled in Maine. A third Hugh 
Mosher, son of John Mosher, was promi- 
nent in the East India Company, died 
wealthy, without issue. It was his for- 
tune that the Moshers of the United 
States tried unsuccessfully to obtain in 
recent years. Hugh Mosher, son of 
Stephen Mosher, first settled in Salem, 
Massachusetts, where he became a friend 
of Roger Williams, pastor of the Salem 
church, and was in full sympathy with 
his religious views. When Williams was 
banished from Massachusetts, in October, 
1636, Mosher went with him to Rhode 
Island, and shared his hardships and 
sufferings. When Williams was in a 
position to do so he repaid the devotion 
of his friend with the permanent title to 
a fifth part of the township of Westerly, 
Rhode Island, August 4, 1676. In i66g 
Hugh Mosher was appointed ensign of a 
military com.pany by the General Court, 
and took part in King Philip's War, dur- 
ing which war two of his sons were 
killed. In 1674 he was ordained pastor 
of the Baptist church in Dartmouth, 
Massachusetts, but was always called by 
his military title. Ensign Hugh Mosher. 
He died in Newport, Rhode Island, 1694. 
He married Lydia Maxon. 

Descendants of Ensign Hugh Mosher 
settled in New York State and are found 
from Troy to Buffalo, men of prominence 
in every field of life's activity they have 
entered. Howard Townsend Mosher, of 
Rochester, is a son of Jacob Simmons 
Mosher, M. D., an eminent physician and 
surgeon of Albany, New York, and dis- 
tinguished in the medical service of his 
State. Dr. Mosher was deputy health 
officer of the port of New York, 1870-76, 
was surgeon during the Civil War and 



260 




■ff^^ypUf^oCu^ \yL^Ui^^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



surgeon-general upon the staff of Gov- 
ernor Hoffman of New York State. He 
married Emma Starr Montgomery, of 
distinguished ancestry. 

Howard Townsend Mosher, son of Dr. 
Jacob S. and Emma S. (Montgomery) 
Mosher and brother of Dr. Jesse Mont- 
gomery Mosher, of Albany, New York, 
was born at Albany, July 6, 1868. His 
education, begun at Albany Boys Acad- 
emy, was continued at Union College, 
Schenectady, New York, whence he was 
graduated Bachelor of Arts, class of 
1890. He then went abroad and pursued 
courses of study in Paris during the 
years 1890-92. On his return to the 
United States he was elected a member 
of the faculty of Union College, instructor 
in French in the modern language depart- 
ment five years, 1892-97. He then pre- 
pared for the practice of law, was admit- 
ted to the Monroe county bar, in 1901, 
and has been continuously in practice in 
Rochester until the present year (1916). 
From 1910 until 1914 he was lecturer on 
citizenship in the University of Roches- 
ter, and has attained high reputation as 
educator, lawyer and lecturer. Mr. 
Mosher is one of the leaders of the Demo- 
cratic party in Western New York, and 
has for many years taken an active part 
in public affairs. He was the candidate 
of his party for State Senator in 1902, 
for surrogate of Monroe county in 1906; 
chairman of the Democratic County Com- 
mittee of Monroe county, 1908-10; candi- 
date for mayor of Rochester in 191 1 and 
in 1915 ; and a member of the New York 
State Prison Reform Commission, 1913- 
15; and a member of the State Work- 
man's Compensation Commission, 1914- 
15. He is a member of Psi Upsilon fra- 
ternity, Rochester Chamber of Com- 
merce, Rochester Athletic Club, Univer- 
sity Club of Rochester, and of the Prot- 
estant Episcopal church. 



Mr. Mosher married, in Rochester, 
July 6, 1893, Mary Josephine, daughter of 
William R. and Josephine (Coburn) 
Seward, of a distinguished New York 
family. 

K- 

LEONARD, George Bement, 

Financier, Man of Enterprise. 

While yet in his teens Mr. Leonard 
began his long and valuable life as a 
banker, commencing as clerk. At the age 
of twenty-five he was cashier, and after 
thirty years of service in that position he 
resigned and became president of the 
Salt Springs National Bank of Syracuse. 
He won for himself an honorable name 
and high reputation as an able financier 
and upon his record as a banker his fame 
might securely rest. But that was only 
one of his lines of business activity and 
in a call of the roll of Syracuse enter- 
prises it will be found that in many of 
them he was one of the organizers, one 
of the incorporators and one of the 
officials. His dominating qualities and 
the foundation stones of his success were 
energy, force and discernment; his busi- 
ness instinct was keen, his judgment 
sound and men were willing to follow 
where he led. He was progressive and 
far-seeing, yet possessed a caution that 
protected him against visionary under- 
takings. He was strong and self-reliant, 
strict integrity marking his course 
through life, a man who could be relied 
upon in any relation and every emer- 
gency. 

George B. Leonard was a descendant 
of James Leonard, who was of Lynn in 

1651, and of Taunton, Massachusetts, in 

1652, and with his brother Henry estab- 
lished the first forge in the Plymouth 
colony. For a long time the Leonard 
forge was the principal one in this coun- 
try, and through several generations 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Leonards were celebrated iron masters. 
The brothers, James and Henry Leonard, 
were sons of Thomas Leonard, who re- 
mained in England. Descendants became 
prominent in Colonial days as business 
men and public officials, Revolutionary 
records also bearing the name frequently. 
John Cam.pfield, whose daughter, Susan, 
married James Leonard, the grandfather 
of George B. Leonard, was the aide-de- 
camp to General Lafayette, and in 1825 
was warmly greeted by Lafayette in 
Morristown, New Jersey, at the time of 
his last visit to America. 

George Bement Leonard was born in 
Syracuse, New York, June 25, 1838, died 
June 7, 1914, son of John Alexander 
Leonard, born July 7, 1806, died March 
23, 1873, and his wife, Louisa Sloan, 
daughter of Kellogg Bement and Mary 
Ann (Gaylord) Sloan. He was educated 
in the public schools of Syracuse, and 
began his business career as clerk in a 
Jocal mercantile house. While yet a 
minor he became a clerk in the Crouse 
Bank, and was yet in his teens when he 
transferred his services' to the Bank of 
Salina. Upon the organization of the 
First National Bank of Syracuse in 1863, 
Mr. Leonard was appointed its first 
cashier and for thirty-four years filled that 
responsible position most efficiently and 
most honorably. In 1897 he resigned the 
post he had filled for so many years, 
having been called to the presidency of 
the Salt Springs National Bank, a 
merited recognition of his high standing 
in the world of finance. During the years 
that had elapsed since taking the cashier's 
desk in the First National he had become 
interested in many local and industrial 
enterprises. He was identified with th ■ 
building of the East Side railway con- 
necting Syracuse with East Syracuse, 
that road later being merged with the 
Syracuse Rapid Transit system. He was 



one of the incorporators of the Kemp & 
Burpee Manufacturing Company and 
served as its treasurer until the purchase 
of the company by the John Deere Plow 
Company of Moline, Illinois. He was 
one of the incorporators of the Syracuse 
Tube Company, and at the time that 
company was absorbed by the National 
Tube Company he was its largest 
individual stockholder. He was a direc- 
tor of the Great Lakes Steamship Com- 
pany and in his honor the company 
named one of its largest freight carriers 
the "George B. Leonard." He had other 
important business interests, the fore- 
going being those only with which he 
held prominent official relation. 

In early life he became an active mem- 
ber of Plymouth Congregational Church 
of Syracuse, but in later life he became 
a devout attendant and generous sup- 
porter of the First Reformed Church of 
the same city. He was a charter member 
of the Citizens' Club, retaining his mem- 
bership until his death, and was a member 
of the Fortnightly Club for many years. 
He was a Republican in politics, and in 
1873-74-75 served as school commis- 
sioner. During the Civil War Mr. 
Leonard was an enlisted member of the 
New York State militia. 

George B. Leonard married, at Cuba, 
Allegany county. New York, October 24, 
1866, Elizabeth DeWitt Dimock, of 
Cuba, daughter of Thomas Dimock, born 
in New London, Connecticut, who died 
during the early childhood of his daugh- 
ter, and Elizabeth (Mandeville) Dimock, 
his wife, a daughter of the Rev. Garret 
Mandeville, who was the first settled 
pastor in Ithaca, New York, in 1801. 
Children of George B. and Elizabeth D. 
Leonard : Anna Elizabeth ; Mary Louise, 
died at Syracuse, July 15, 1899; Margaret 
DeWitt ; Thomas Dimock, now a real 
estate dealer of New York City; George 



262 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Alexander, member of the Hill-Leonard 
Engineering & Construction Company, 
now engaged in building the new Welland 
Canal. Mrs. Elizabeth D. Leonard sur- 
vives her husband and continues her 
residence in Syracuse. 



BECHTOLD, Charles B., 

Lawyer, Public Official. 

A member of the Rochester bar since 
1902 Mr. Bechtold has won high standing, 
and as a member of the law firm of Mc- 
Inerney & Bechtold, No. 1003 Insurance 
Building, transacts an important busi- 
ness in all State and Federal courts of the 
district. He has been equally prominent 
in public affairs and as deputy and assist- 
ant district attorney rendered efficient 
service. His social, genial nature rendera 
him very popular in the many clubs and 
secret orders of which he is a member, 
his professional ability and pleasing per- 
sonality forming a rare combination 
which attracts and holds the regard of 
men of worth. He is a son of Henry and 
Caroline Bechtold, his father for many 
years a business man of Rochester. 

Charles B. Bechtold was born in 
Rochester, New York, June 6, 1874. He 
obtained a good preparatory education in 
the public schools, the old Free Academy 
and under a private tutor. He also is a 
graduate of the Mechanics' Institute, and 
in earlier life learned and followed the 
trades of machinist and draughtsman. 
For several years he was in the employ 
of the Buffalo, Rochester & Pittsburgh 
railroad in that capacity and was rated 
a most satisfactory workman. But he 
had an ambition for the law and resign- 
ing his railroad position he began the 
study of law under the direction of 
Werner & Harris, eminent members of 
the Rochester bar. After passing satis- 



factorily all the tests imposed upon a 
young lawyer he was admitted to the 
Monroe county bar on July 11, 1902, hav- 
ing also during his law studies served as 
deputy clerk of the police court. 

He at once began practice in Rochester 
forming a partnership with John J. Mc- 
Inerney under the firm name Mclnerney 
& Bechtold. During his early practice he 
was also clerk of the police court, and on 
May I, 1904, accepted appointment to the 
position of deputy assistant district attor- 
ney for the county of Monroe, this neces- 
sitating his retirement from the law firm 
of Mclnerney & Bechtold. He served as 
deputy assistant until January i, 1906, 
then was appointed assistant district 
attorney, an office he held until 1910. 
During those years he conducted a line 
of law work in connection with his old 
preceptors, Werner & Harris, but upon 
his retirement from the district attorney's 
office he again renewed the partnership 
with his former partner and has since 
practiced as the junior of the firm of Mc- 
lnerney & Bechtold. He is a member of 
the Rochester Bar Association and held 
in high esteem by his brethren of the 
bench and bar. In early life he affiliated 
with the Republican party and has ever 
been an ardent supporter of the principles 
of that party as well as a valuable worker 
for party success. For several years he 
represented the Twentieth Ward of 
Rochester on the Republican General 
Committee, and has been a frequent dele- 
gate to State and district conventions and 
is a member of several political societies. 
He is a good campaigner, an eloquent 
speaker whether pleading the cause of 
client or candidate, and has the happy 
faculty of delivering telling blows in a 
most agreeable and happy manner. His 
friends are legion and he is a strong 
advocate for any cause he espouses. He 



263 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



is a member of all of the various Masonic 
bodies of Rochester, the Ancient Order 
of Foresters and Sons of Veterans; his 
clubs the Masonic, the Rochester Whist, 
Oak Hill, Yacht and Athletic. 



HYDE, Salem, ^ 

Enterprising Citizen. 

Salem Hyde, whose business history 
has been marked by steady progress, is 
junior partner of the firm of Neal & 
Hyde, wholesale dry goods merchants of 
Syracuse. He pays the strictest atten- 
tion to his business, allowing no outside 
interest to enter as a variable force and 
his singleness of purpose guided by sound 
judgment have placed him in the enviable 
position which he to-day occupies in 
commercial circles. A native of Victory, 
Cayuga county, New York, he was born 
June 22, 1846, of the marriage of Elisha 
H. and Mary Ellen (Botsford) Hyde. 
The family comes of English origin but 
was founded in America in early Colonial 
days, the great-grandfather living in Ox- 
ford, Connecticut. From that place John 
Salem Hyde, the grandfather, removed to 
Scipio, New York, and subsequently to 
Victory, Cayuga county, in the early part 
of the nineteenth century. His business 
interests were varied, as he was a phy- 
sician, manufacturer and farmer. His son, 
Elisha H. Hyde, was born at Victory, 
and also followed the occupation of 
farming. He removed from Cayuga 
county to Oswego county, near Fulton, 
and from thence twenty years later to the 
town of Onondaga Valley, where he lived 
for twenty years and died at the home 
of a daughter living in Rochester, at the 
age of nearly eighty-nine years, his birth 
having occurred in 1820. His wife be- 
longed to an old Vermont family and her 
grandfather was one of the patriots of the 
Revolutionary War, enlisting at Benning- 



ton, Vermont, and participating in that 
battle where the Green Mountain boys 
under Colonel Ethan Allen won undying 
fame. The maternal grandfather of Mrs. 
Hyde was a Mr. Peck, also a resident of 
Vermont and a participant in the Revo- 
lutionary War with the Colonial army. 

Salem Hyde pursued his education in 
the district schools of Victory, New 
York, and in the Red Creek Academy. 
He entered business life as a clerk in a 
country store at Wolcott, Wayne county, 
where he remained for a year. He after- 
ward spent two years in Red Creek, and 
in the spring of 1864 came to Syracuse 
where he began clerking for Price & 
Wheeler on the site of the present 
Edwards house. There he continued for 
two years, or until 1866, when he entered 
the employ of McCarthy & Sedgwick, 
wholesale dry goods merchants, while 
later he was with Neal, Baum & Com- 
pany, wholesale dealers, as salesman. He 
afterward engaged with Charles Chad- 
wick & Company as manager of one of 
their departments, and after the death of 
their senior partner this firm consolidated 
with that of Neal & Baum under the name 
of Sperry, Neal & Hyde in 1879. Mr. 
Hyde was enabled to become a member 
of the firm as a result of his many years 
experience. At Mr. Sperry's death in 
1891 the firm became Neal & Hyde. The 
concern has grown very rapidly during 
this time, enjoying a steady, healthful 
development and their trade covers Penn- 
sylvania, Massachusetts, Connecticut and 
Vermont, together with the immediate 
surrounding territory. They employ a 
large force in the house and a large corps 
of salesmen on the road, doing a strictly 
jobbing business. This has become one 
of the leading wholesale houses of 
Central New York and its success is 
attributable in no small measure to the 
labors, enterprise and careful manage- 



264 




uA/z^ry. I. '^v^//-//^y 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ment of Mr. Hyde. He is also a trustee 
of the Onondaga County Savings Bank, 
and widely recognized as a prominent 
factor in the commercial life of Syra- 
cuse. 

Mr. Hyde is a member of the Citizens' 
Club, the Chamber of Commerce and the 
Lotos Club of New York City, and has 
been a co-worker with many leading 
citizens in movements toward the up- 
building of a Greater Syracuse. In 
politics he is a Republican with a citizen's 
interest in the adoption of the prin- 
ciples which he believes best conserve 
good government. He was the first com- 
missioner of jurors in Syracuse and filled 
that office for six years. He is serving 
his third five-year term as a trustee of the 
Syracuse Public Library and has been 
for many years vice-president of the 
Historical Society, also of the Syracuse 
Museum of Fine Arts, of which he is a 
charter member. He belongs to the May 
Memorial (Unitarian) Church, and is 
greatly interested in charities, to which 
he has been a liberal contributor. Mr. 
Hyde during his lifetime has been a man 
of literary tastes and has accumulated 
one of the finest private libraries in the 
city, containing many rare volumes and 
being especially strong in early nineteenth 
century English literature and in books 
pertaining to the history and literature of 
Greece. A unique feature of this library 
is the collection of Emersoniana, number- 
ing nearly five hundred bound volumes 
in several languages, which together with 
many pamphlets, autograph letters and 
other items of interest probably forms as 
complete a collection of works relating to 
Emerson and his writings as may be 
found anywhere. His life has been char- 
acterized by a resolute purpose and early 
in his career he became imbued with a 
laudable ambition to master each task 
that was assigned him and progressed 



until he is to-day with Mr. Neal equal 
owner of a business which pays tribute 
to his industry and his ability, and stands 
as a monument to his enterprise and cap- 
able management. 

Mr. Hyde married Anne P. Cheney, 
a daughter of Timothy C. Cheney, an 
early settler of Onondaga county, and a 
prominent contractor, who built the old 
Wieting block, the courthouse and other 
notable structures of the city. The chil- 
dren of Mr. and Mrs. Hyde are as follows: 
Henry N., born in 1873, rector of St. 
Philip's Church, Joplin, Missouri ; Mary 
Frances, born in 1875, now the wife of 
Charles W. Andrews; Charles Salem, 
born in 1877, employed in the store with 
his father; Dana Cheney, born in 1879, 
also associated in business with his 
father ; Florence M., born in 1882 ; Nelson 
C, born in 1888, secretary to Congress- 
man Magee, and Washington correspond- 
ent of several newspapers ; and Dorothy 
A., born in 1891. 



CURTICE, Edgar N., 

Head of Important Industry. 

The financial and commercial history 
of New York State would be incomplete 
and unsatisfactory without a personal and 
somewhat extended mention of those 
whose lives are interwoven closely with 
its industrial and financial development. 
When a man or select number of men 
have set in motion the machinery of busi- 
ness which materializes into a thousand 
forms of practical utility, or where they 
have carved out a fortune or a name from 
the common possibilities open for com- 
petition to all, there is a public desire, 
which should be gratified, to see the men 
so nearly as a portrait and a word artist 
can paint them and examine the elements 
of mind and the circumstances by which 
such results have been achieved. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



The subject of this review finds an 
appropriate place in the history of those 
men of business and enterprise in the 
State of New York whose force of char- 
acter, whose sterling integrity, whose 
fortitude amid discouragements, whose 
good sense in the management of com- 
plicated affairs and marked success in 
establishing large industries and bringing 
to completion great commercial under- 
takings, have contributed in an eminent 
degree to the development of the re- 
sources of this noble Commonwealth. 
The great army of employes and the 
magnitude of the business which he 
controls both attest the marked ability 
of Edgar N. Curtice, whose name is 
known in trade circles wherever civiliza- 
tion has left its stamp. 

He was born in Webster, Monroe 
county. New York, on December 9, 1844, 
a son of Mark Curtice and a descendant of 
one of the oldest Colonial families. His 
ancestry is traced back to Henry Curtice, 
who was one of the original grantees of 
the town of Sudbury, Massachusetts, in 
1638. His son. Lieutenant Ephraim Cur- 
tice, born March 31, 1642, was a noted 
frontiersman and famous Indian scout. 
Ephraim Curtice, son of Lieutenant Cur- 
tice, was born in Topsfield, Massachu- 
setts, in 1662, and became the father of 
Ebenezer Curtice, born in Boxford, Mas- 
sachusetts, August 21, 1707. The latter's 
son, Jacob Curtice, was born March 21, 
1730, in Topsfield, Massachusetts. He 
wedded Mary Stiles, a native of Boxford, 
Massachusetts, and from Boxford re- 
moved to Amherst, New Hampshire. He 
and five of his sons valiantly fought for 
American independence in the Revolu- 
tionary War, Jacob Curtice enlisting at 
Amherst in 1775 and serving until the 
close of hostilities. Jacob and Mary Cur- 
tice had nine children, of whom Ebenezer, 
the fifth, was born in Amherst, New 



Hampshire, June 9, 1760. He married 
Sarah Parker, and removed to Western 
New York. He was among the earliest 
settlers of this part of the State, locating 
at Bloomfield, New York, in 1789. In 
1792 he removed to Webster, then a part 
of Ontario county, where his remaining 
days were passed. He died August 22, 
1832, and was buried in Lakeside Ceme- 
tery in Webster. His wife died August 
16, 1847, in her eighty-third year. 

Mark Curtice, the father of Edgar N. 
Curtice, was the youngest of the eleven 
children of Ebenezer and Sarah (Parker) 
Curtice. He was born in Windsor, New 
York, October 17, 1808, and died in 
Webster, Monroe county. New York, 
November 9, 1880. Mark Curtice's wife, 
Elmina (Goodnow) Curtice, daughter of 
Simeon and Sarah (Grififen) Goodnow, 
was the first white child born in what is 
now the town of Webster. She was born 
July 3, 1812, and died March 26, 1888. 
Simeon Goodnow came to Monroe county 
from New Hampshire in 1810. He was 
born in the old Granite State in 1787, died 
November 20, 1826, and was buried in 
Lakeside Cemetery at Webster. He was 
a son of Calvin Goodnow, who was born 
February 15, 1752, in Westboro, Massa- 
chusetts. Calvin Goodnow served in the 
Revolutionary War from Rindge, New 
Hampshire, and also from Amherst, New 
Hampshire. The Goodnow family in 
America is descended from Edmund 
Goodnow, who came to America on the 
ship "Confidence" in 1638. In the family 
of Mark and Elmina (Goodnow) Curtice 
were five children: i. Delia, who was 
born in 1833, became prominent in educa- 
tional circles, acting for more than 
twenty-five years as principal of different 
public schools in Rochester, most of this 
time being at the head of No. 20. She 
was a woman of superior mind, highly 
respected and loved by all. Her death 



266 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OE BIOGRAPHY 



occurred in 1903. 2. Albin B., born in 
1838, died in December, 1886. 3. Simeon 
G., born August 13, 1839, died February 
7, 1905, after long connection with the 
extensive business now conducted under 
the name of Curtice Brothers Company. 
4. Edgar N., of whom further. 5. Belle 
Sophia, the wife of the late A. B. Wol- 
cott ; is now a resident of Rochester. 

Edgar N. Curtice was educated in the 
common and advanced schools of Web- 
ster and in what was known as Satter- 
lee's Institute in Rochester, completing 
his course when about twenty-one years 
of age. He then joined his brother, 
Simeon G. Curtice, who about three years 
before had embarked in the grocery busi- 
ness on a small scale in what is known 
as the Flatiron building at Main, North 
and Eranklin streets, Rochester. This 
was in 1865 and there they continued 
until 1868. They removed in that year 
to the building at the corner of Water 
and Mortimer streets, and commenced the 
canning and preserving business which 
has grown steadily to the present exten- 
sive enterprise. The business continued 
in this location until 1872, when the de- 
mand for increased space compelled the 
Curtice Brothers to build at No. 200 
North Water street, the new structure 
being used for canning and preserving on 
a larger scale. In 1880 they bought the 
Innd and erected the buildings now occu- 
pied by the company, which from time to 
time have been enlarged in order to meet 
the growth of the trade. In 1887 the 
business was incorporated under the 
name of Curtice Brothers Company, with 
a capitalization of $200,000. Simeon G. 
Curtice was the president ; Edgar N. Cur- 
tice, the vice-president and treasurer ; and 
Robert A. Badger, the secretary of the 
new corporation. In 1901 the business 
was reincorporated under the same name 
and the same officers and with a capital- 



ization of $1,500,000, showing thus a more 
than seven-fold increase in the fourteen 
years. On the death of Simeon G. Cur- 
tice in 1905, Edgar N. Curtice was made 
president and treasurer; Henry B. Mc- 
Kay, vice-president ; and Robert A. 
Badger, secretary. 

The Curtice Brothers Company is one 
of the largest producers of high grade 
food products in the world and con- 
tributes much to the fame of the Flower 
City as a commercial center. Its products 
are found in the markets all around the 
globe, being recognized as goods of the 
highest quality and the company has 
difficulty in meeting the increasing de- 
mand made upon it. Each year has 
shown the necessity of increased acreage 
to supply the fruits and vegetables 
needed for the business until now the 
company contracts for the yield of over 
eight thousand acres in farm and market 
garden products from some of the most 
famous and fertile lands in the world — 
notably the valley of the Genesee. The 
company owns and operates four plants, 
the parent plant in Rochester, one in 
Vernon, Oneida county. New York, for 
vegetables, one in Woodstown, New Jer- 
sey, for tomatoes, and one in Bergen, 
Genesee county. New York. The Roches- 
ter factory not only carries on all sorts of 
canning and preserving, but also manu- 
factures the cans for use in all its fac- 
tories. At Rochester also are the admin- 
istrative offices. It is essentially a Roches- 
ter concern. This immense enterprise 
pays out annuaUy very large sums of 
money to its employes and to the 
farmers who grow the fruits and vege- 
tables used in the business. It markets 
its products all over the world, as has 
been said, and the profits of this enor- 
mous business come back into Rochester 
to increase the wealth of its citizens and 
the resources of the banks. Each of the 



267 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



company's plants is equipped with the 
latest and most perfect mechanical appli- 
ances, securing the highest degree of 
cleanliness and most sanitary conditions. 
Over twenty-five hundred employes are 
at work in the factories in the busy 
season, and a still larger number are en- 
gaged on the farms in producing the fruits 
and vegetables needed for the business. 
The world-wide fame of the "Blue 
Label" ketchup, chili sauce, soups, per- 
serves, jams, jellies, m.eat delicacies, etc., 
is simply a recognition of the efficient 
methods, the constant watchfulness, and 
the wise management of the vast enter- 
prise of which Mr. Curtice is the head, 
and of which he and his brother have 
been the creators. 

Edgar N. Curtice was married in 1876 
to Lucy E. Gardner. Their only son, 
Edgar N. Curtice, Jr., born in 1878, died 
in 1905, in which year the death of Mrs. 
Curtice also occurred. Louie Belle, a 
daughter, is the wife of Frederick Edwin 
Bickford. Agnes Eloise, another daugh- 
ter, is the wife of Dr. Volney A. Hoard. 

Mr. Curtice is a member of various 
clubs and social organizations, among 
them the Genesee Valley Club, the 
Rochester Yacht Club, Rochester His- 
torical Society, the Country Club of 
Rochester, the Oak Hill Country Club 
and the Sons of the American Revo- 
lution. Deeply interested in the welfare 
and commercial development of Roches- 
ter, he has been a member of the Cham- 
ber of Commerce since its organization, 
and he is also a director of the National 
Bank of Rochester and of the Fidelity 
Trust Company. His political allegiance 
is given to the Republican party. Such, 
in brief, is the life history of Edgar N. 
Curtice, a man remarkable in the breadth 
of his wisdom, his indefatigable energy 
and his fertility of resource. One of the 
prominent characteristics of his success- 



ful business career is that his vision has 
never been bounded by the exigencies of 
the moment, but has covered as well the 
possibilities and opportunities of the 
future. This has led him into extensive 
undertakings, bringing him, into marked 
prominence in industrial and commercial 
circles. A man of unswerving integrity 
and honor, one who has a perfect appre- 
ciation of the higher ethics of life, he has 
gained and retained the confidence and 
respect of his fellow men and is distinc- 
tively one of the leading citizens, not 
only of Rochester but of the Empire 
State, with whose interests he has been 
identified throughout his entire career. 



WIDENER, Howard H., 

Lawyer, Public Ofacial. 

A man of wide general information, 
broad reading and deep thinking, well 
educated and well bred, Mr. Widener even 
without the prestige which he deserves 
from his high position at the Rochester 
bar would be a man singled out from 
among his fellows as one far above the 
ordinary. As a lawyer he is a clear 
thinker, a logical reasoner, well versed in 
the branches of the law, to which he has 
devoted himself. As assistant and as 
district attorney of Monroe county he 
was necessarily obliged to specialize in 
criminal law and some most notable vic- 
tories are to his credit. His practice ex- 
tends to all State and Federal courts of 
the district, and he acts as legal repre- 
sentative for some of the most prominent 
men and concerns of the city, his sage 
counsel based upon comprehensive under- 
standing of the law proving a valuable 
asset to his large clientele. He is noted 
for his industry, his thorough knowledge 
of the law, his concise and searching 
mind, his systematic habits, his resource- 
fulness, his personal honesty, and his 
!68 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



lofty professional ideals. It is the special 
function of the lawyer to actively partici- 
pate in the affairs of his community. He 
is the spokesman for its patriotic observ- 
ances, for the reform of its abuses, and 
for the enlargement of its functions. He 
is the motive power of its educational, 
moral and charitable work. All these re- 
quirements of Mr. Widener fulfills, and no 
man is more genuinely useful and helpful 
than he. Admitted to the Monroe county 
bar in 1885, he has in the years inter- 
vening made continuous progress in his 
profession and has long occupied a posi- 
tion of distinction among the leading 
lawyers of that bar. His reputation as a 
lawyer has been won through earnest, 
honest labor, and his standing at the bar 
is a merited tribute to his ability. 

Mr. Widener springs from one of the 
historic families of New Jersey, his great- 
grandfathe'f , Henry Widener, serving with 
the "Minute-Men" of Sussex county in 
the Revolutionary War. The family is 
of German origin, the American ancestors 
settling in Eastern Pennsylvania about 
1735. A lineal descendant was Peter A. 
B. Widener, the great financier and capi- 
talist, whose son and grandson were lost 
at the sinking of the great steamship 
"Titanic." The wonderful contributions 
of that branch of the family to the art 
galleries and philanthropies of Philadel- 
phia are the glory of that city, and at 
Harvard University a memorial building 
stands as a monument to the brave young 
man whose soul went out over the frozen 
sea when the "Titanic" plunged beneath 
the wave. Other noted descendants are 
General Josiah Gorgas and his son. Colo- 
nel William Gorgas, both of the United 
States army, the latter of Panama Canal 
fame. Professor R. F. Widener, of Chi- 
cago, is also a descendant of the German 
ancestor. 

Henry (2) Widener, son of the Revolu- 



tionary patriot, Henry (i) Widener, of 
Sussex county. New Jersey, settled in 
Chili, Monroe county, New York, in early 
pioneer days, and at one time was the 
owner of six hundred acres of cultivated 
land. He was a soldier of the War of 
1812, serving with the defenders of the 
Niagara frontier. He married Prudence 
Kimball, of Riga, New York, who bore 
him ten children. He died at Chili, Janu- 
ary 21, 1837, his wife. Prudence, died Jan- 
uary 7, 1845. 

Kinney A. Widener, son of Henry (2) 
and Prudence (Kimball) W'idener, was 
born at Chili, New York, April 22, 1822. 
He was a man of education, taught school 
for fourteen years, but was a farmer the 
greater part of his life. He was closely 
identified with public affairs, held many 
town offices, including town superintend- 
ent and school commissioner. He mar- 
ried, March 11, 1848, Mary R., daughter 
of Samuel and Eliza (Reed) Phillips, of 
Chili. She was the mother of three chil- 
dren: Howard H.; Chandler Reed, born 
March 25, 1862, died January 11, 1865; 
and Blanche Eliza. 

Howard H. Widener, eldest son of Kin- 
ney A. and Mary R. (Phillips) Widener, 
was born at Chili, Monroe county, New 
York, May 6, i860. He obtained an 
academic education and was graduated 
from Chili Seminary, class of 1879, and 
for four years taught school. But his 
ambition was for the profession of law, 
and after a thorough course of prepara- 
tory study he was admitted to the Monroe 
county bar at the June term, 1885. He at 
once began practice in Rochester, and has 
been continuously in practice until the 
present time (1916). He soon gained a 
foothold in his profession, and has gone 
forward as the years have progressed 
to a position of professional importance 
most gratifying to himself and his many 
friends. He possesses that rarest of gifts. 



269 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRArHY 



the faculty for honest work, a faculty 
which has won him professional fame and, 
combined with business ability and sa- 
gacity and personal qualities of the highest 
order, has won him public confidence and 
esteem and the affection of a host of 
friends. 

A Republican in politics, Mr. Widener 
was appointed assistant district attorney 
of Monroe, and in that office tried some 
very important criminal cases, and won 
notable victories. In 1907 he was the 
candidate of his party for district attor- 
ney, and won the verdict of the polls. 
He not only upheld the high reputa- 
tion he had gained as assistant, but 
won additional fame and the highest 
encomiums of the bench and bar. He 
prepared his cases with the greatest 
care, and in his presentation is clear, 
logical and forceful. He is a fair oppo- 
nent, a close observer of the ethics of the 
profession, courteous to court, and most 
solicitous for a client's interests. He is 
fond of historical and genealogical study, 
and in his hours "oiif duty" has compiled 
a history of the Widener family, a work of 
great labor, and very valuable. He is a 
thirty-second degree Mason of Rochester 
Consistory, and a Noble of Damascus 
Temple, his lodge, Younondio, No. 163, 
Free and Accepted Masons. He is a 
member of the local and State bar asso- 
ciations, and much interested in their 
proceedings. 

Mr. Widener married, February 22, 1886, 
Anna L., daughter of Lyman and Mary 
J. (Hamlin) Brooks. The family home 
is in Chili, where the family has been 
resident for considerably more than a 
century. His professional offices are in 
the Powers Building, Rochester. 



RICKER, Marcena (Sherman), M. D., 

Successful Female Physician. 

In 1888 Dr. Marcena (Sherman) Ricker 
located in Rochester, New York, for the 



practice of her profession, her advent 
causing much more comment then than 
can be now understood when the woman 
doctor is no longer a novelty but a fixed 
star in the medical firmament. She came 
thoroughly prepared by college training 
and hospital experience, but in the years 
which have since intervened she has pur- 
sued post-graduate courses in New York 
City institutions and in her specialties, 
diseases of women and children, has won 
the highest professional reputation. She 
is a member of the County, State and 
National Medical societies. She has de- 
voted a great deal of time to church, char- 
ity and philanthropy. As an able repre- 
sentative of the professional women of 
her city, she has been of great aid to every 
other woman who was ambitious to enter 
a profession, and through the influence of 
her own successful career and noble life 
she has aided in breaking down the wall 
of prejudice and opposition until now 
woman can apply for admission to nearly 
every institution of learning with the cer- 
tainty that her sex alone will not be a bar. 
Argument was good a quarter of a century 
ago, but it needed the object teaching of 
lives like Dr. Ricker's to make the argu- 
ment effective, as the men controlling col- 
leges of law and medicine are perhaps 
bound by tradition more firmly than any 
other class and yield only when their de- 
fense is utterly demolished by facts and 
Dr. Ricker aided by furnishing a fact in 
her own life. 

Marcena (Sherman) Ricker was born in 
Castile, Wyoming county, New York, 
daughter of Benjamin H. and Eliza 
(Llewellyn) Sherman. Benjamin H. 
Sherman was born in Rhode Island, a 
distant relative to General William T. 
and Senator John Sherman, of Ohio, and 
died in 1887, aged sixty-nine. His wife, 
born in Bristol, Orleans county. New 
York, was of Welsh descent. They were 
the parents of two sons and four daugh- 
270 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ters. Marcena Sherman was educated in 
Castile schools, Gainesville Seminary, and 
Albany Normal College, qualifying as a 
teacher. After graduation from Normal 
she taught for three years, then began the 
carrying out of a long formed ambition, 
the study of medicine. She obtained her 
degree of M. D. from the Cleveland 
Homeopathic College, class of 1888, and 
shortly afterward located in Rochester 
where she has since been in continuous 
practice, specializing in diseases of women 
and children. She was remarkably suc- 
cessful in her earlier efforts to establish 
a practice, and it was not long before her 
office was being sought for by a most 
desirable class of patrons. Her experi- 
ence and post-graduate courses taken in 
New York later gave her greater confi- 
dence in her own powers and she is now 
the strong, self-reliant physician, skillful 
in both diagnosis and treatment, her skill 
being accompanied to the sick room by 
that sympathy and womanly tenderness 
which brings healing in itself. A student 
and thinker, she is recognized as a learned 
and able member of the medical profes- 
sion and the contributions from her pen 
to the medical journals have been fre- 
quent and well received. 

Dr. Ricker is a member of the Monroe 
County Medical Association, Western 
New York Medical Society, the American 
Institute of Homeopathy, member of the 
staf? of the Homeopathic Hospital of 
Rochester, president of the board of man- 
agers of the Baptist Home of Monroe 
County, visiting physician at the Door of 
Hope, member of Lake Avenue Baptist 
Church. The Baptist Home of Monroe 
County was established largely through 
her persistent eiifort extending over a 
period of ten years, ere "hope ended in 
fruition." 

Miss Sherman married, June, 1898, 
Wentworth G. Ricker, born in the State 



of Maine, and for several years president 
of the Ricker Manufacturing Company, 
overhead trackings and machine work, 
No. 239 North Water street, Rochester. 
Mr. Ricker is one of Rochester's able, en- 
ergetic and successful business men, his 
line of manufacture being an important 
one. He is a member of Lake Avenue 
Baptist Church. In political faith he is a 
Republican. 



FARMER, William Sidney, 

IitLvryer, Jurist. 

As judge of the Municipal Court of 
Syracuse, William Sidney Farmer is con- 
tinuing a career in which he has served 
his native State with conspicuous fidelity, 
and with the dignity, zeal and courage 
which have characterized his entire work 
from the time of his admission to the bar. 
Not only is his mental attitude one of 
sinxplicity and impartiality, but his actual 
contact with everyone is based on that be- 
lief in human brotherhood, so frequently 
met with, and which makes him an ideal 
magistrate. Rich and poor alike are dealt 
with by him on a plane of simple equality, 
and with a dignity and courtesy that are 
only the outward aspect of great firmness, 
courage and a far reaching progressive- 
ness. The Farmer family has been resi- 
dent in the State of New York for a num- 
ber of generations, Jonathan Farmer hav- 
ing been one of the pioneer settlers of St. 
Lawrence county, when he took up his 
residence in the town of Fowler. 

Seymour M. Farmer, son of Jonathan 
Farmer, was born in Fowler, and subse- 
quently removed to Hailesboro. For a 
number of years he was engaged in busi- 
ness as a merchant, and for a long time 
held the ofifice of justice of the peace. He 
was a major of the State militia. He mar- 
ried Alethea M. Rich, who died in 1913, 
and who was a member of a pioneer fam- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ily of Northern New York. Children : 
William Sidney, whose name heads this 
sketch ; Frances A., of Syracuse ; Anna 
E., who married Hon. Vasco P. Abbott, of 
Gouverneur; Martha A., married Charles 
W. Carpenter, of Syracuse ; Lieutenant 
Harry H., a prominent attorney of Syra- 
cuse, now associated with his brother. 
Judge Farmer. 

Judge William Sidney Farmer, son of 
Seymour M. and Alethea M. (Rich) 
Farmer, was born in Hailesboro, St. Law- 
rence county, New York, July i8, 1861. 
He received his education in the public 
schools of Hailesboro, and the Gouv- 
erneur Wesleyan Seminary, at Gouver- 
neur, New York, and from early years 
showed decided ability as a speaker. Hav- 
ing decided to adopt the law as a profes- 
sion, he commenced his studies with the 
Hon. Vasco P. Abbott, at that time sur- 
rogate of St. Lawrence county, and at 
the same time became clerk of the surro- 
gate's court. He was admitted to the 
bar at Saratoga, New York, in 1882, and 
established himself in the practice of his 
profession in Gouverneur, but remained 
there but a short time. Going to Kimball, 
South Dakota, at that time a pioneer set- 
tlement, he was successfully engaged in 
practice there for a period of two years, 
during which time he served as vice-presi- 
dent of the Farmers' and Traders' Bank 
of Kimball. In 1891 he returned to the 
State of New York, where he established 
himself in the practice of his profession 
in Syracuse, and is still busy with a large 
clientele. There he formed a partnership 
with Emmons H. Sanford, under the style 
of Sanford & Farmer. Subsequently he 
associated himself in a partnership with 
his brother. Lieutenant Harry H. Farmer, 
which firm is still known as W. S. & H. 
H. Farm,er. 

In May, 1914, during the absence of 
Judge Shove, William S. Farmer was ap- 



pointed acting judge of the Court of 
Special Sessions, by Mayor Will, and on 
January 9, 1915, he was appointed judge 
of the Municipal Court by the same 
mayor, to fill the vacancy made by the 
resignation of Judge Cady. Judge Farmer 
is interested in many of the social, frater- 
nal and benevolent associations of Syra- 
cuse, and has attained the thirty-second 
degree in Free Masonry. He is a member 
of the Masonic Club of the City of New 
York; of Central City Lodge, No. 305, 
Free and Accepted Masons, of Syracuse ; 
honorary member of Syracuse Lodge, No. 
501, and of Gouverneur Lodge, No. 217, 
at Gouverneur, New York. Masonically 
he has been master of his lodge, district 
deputy grand master of the Twenty- 
seventh Masonic District for three years, 
one of the commissioners and chief com- 
missioner of the Commission of Appeals, 
and is now senior grand warden of the 
Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons in the State of New York. He is a 
member of Americus Lodge, Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows; of the Syracuse 
Lodge, Knights of Pythias; of the Syra- 
cuse Chamber of Commerce ; Masonic 
Temple Club ; City Club ; Citizens' Club ; 
Republican Escort ; and Mystique Krewe 
of Ka-noo-na, a civic corporation of Syra- 
cuse, of which he was president three 
years. 

Judge Farmer married, in 1889, Ruth 
Selleck, daughter of William H. Selleck, 
of Syracuse, and they have one daughter : 
Helen Alethea, born August 30, 1905. 
The beautiful home of the family is at No. 
15 18 East Genesee street. 



BELLOWS, Anna May (Marshall), 
'Well-Known Elocntioniat. 

Large as is the influence in a commun- 
ity of those more subtle forms of force, 
such as exert themselves in the expression 



272 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of aesthetic feeling, as in the case in in- 
stance, it is very difficult to state in accu- 
rate terms or even to compare with other 
influences of another character. We can 
gauge, at least roughly, the benefactions 
of those whose gifts to their fellows are 
material in character, we can apply to 
them certain standards of value, even if 
it be so gross a one as that of money 
value, and thus gain some general idea 
of their comparative worth to us, but how 
shall we deal with the spiritual gifts of 
the artist? What standard of value shall 
we gauge and measure them by? So illu- 
sive and intangible are they that the man 
who does not feel them, the materialist, 
will deny their existence altogether, and 
even those who are most sure of their 
great value, who are most sensitive to 
their appeal, can find no adequate terms 
in which to speak of them. Nevertheless 
the great mass of people with sure in- 
stinct are thoroughly convinced of their 
worth as evidenced by the way in which 
they seek every opportunity to have the 
feelings which respond to artistic stimuli 
awakened and applaud those who are suc- 
cessful in awakening them. We must 
always, therefore, turn with gratitude to 
the work of such women as Mrs. Anna 
(Marsh