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AN ENCYCLOPAEDIA 



CANADIAN BIOGRAPHY 



CONTAINING BRIEF SKETCHES AND STEEL ENGRAVINGS 



OF 



CANADA'S PROMINENT MEN 



VOLUME I 




CANADIAN PRESS SYNDICATE, 

MONTREAL AND TORONTO, 
1904 



Kntered according to the Act of Parliament of Canada in the year one thousand 
nine hundred and four by THE CANADIAN PRESS SYNDICATE. Montreal and 
Toronto, in the- Office of the Minister of Agriculture. 



500^1 



. , 



MONTREAL: 

WITNESS PRINTING HOUSE, 



CONTENTS. 



PAGE 

Alexander, Charles 52 

Allan, Andrew A 67 

Allan, Bryce James 68 

Allan, Hugh Andrew 29 

Allan, Sir H. Montagu 16 

Angus, R. B 9 

Archambeault, Hon. Horace, L.L.L., LL.D., K.C. 30 

Armstrong, Charles Newhou.se 93 

Bagg, Robert Stanley 72 

Bickerdike, Robert 43 

Bowell, Sir Mackenzie 10 

Bowie, Robert 32 

Brosseau, Toussaint 69 

Brown, Albert Joseph 101 

Carbray, Felix 96 

Carsley, Samuel 26 

Carsley, William Francis 76 

Chase-Casgrain, Hon. Thomas 21 

Christie, Robert Jaffray 92 

Christie, The late William Mellis 91 

Cox, Edward Wm 44 

Cox, Frederick George 41 

Cox, Hon. George Albertus 7 

Craik, Robert, M.D., LL.D 77 

Crathern, James 20 

Dawes.J. P 81 

Dexter, David 39 

Drumrnond, George Edward 12 

Drummond, Thomas J 60 

Drumrnond, Dr. William Henry 42 

Dundonald, Earl of 74 

Dunton, R. A., B.C.L., N.F 99 

Dwight, Harvey Prentice 3 1 

Edye, Lieut. -Colonel 49 

Evans, Alfred Bickerton 87 

Forget, Hon. Senator L. J 38 

Forget, Rodolphe 4 

Foster, George G., K.C 56 

Gildersleeve, Charles Fuller 61 

Gouin, Hon. Lomer, K.C 28 

Hanson, Edwin 108 

Hanson, William 107 

Hays, Charles Melville 5 

Hersey, Randolph 58 

Hickson, Sir Joseph 78 

Hodgson, Arthur J 22 

Holt, Charles M, K.C, LL.D 54 

Hoskin, John P.. K.C., LL.D 27 

Hosmer, Charles Rudolph 13 

Jette, Hon. Sir Louis Amable 3 

Jones, Hon. Lyman Melvin '9 

Laporte, Hormisdas 4$ 

Laurier, The Right Hon. Sir Wilfrid 2 

Macdonald, John 64 

Macpherson, William Molson 98 



PAGE 

Mackenzie, Hector 102 

Marshall, Noel George Lambert 23 

Martin, Jean Baptiste 82 

McArthur, Alex 66 

McCorkell, Hon. John Charles, K.C 24 

McEachran, Duncan McNab 57 

McLennan, Bartlett 34 

McLennan, Hugh 33 

Meighen, Robert 109 

Moore, Samuel John 84 

Morrice, David 75 

Morrice, David, jr 85 

Morrice, William J 90 

Morris, John Lang, K.C 50 

Mulock, I Ion. Sir William 8 

Murray, James Peter 89 

Murray, John Alexander 53 

Murray, The late William Allan 88 

Owens, Hon. William 17 

Parent, Hon. S. N 6 

Parker, Robert 70 

Paton, Hugh 46 

Paul, Frank 103 

Pelletier, Sir C. Alphonse P 51 

Pelletier, Hon. L. P 1 8 

Prefontaine, Hon. Raymond Fournier, B.C. L., K.C. 15 

Rainville, Hon. Henri B /i 

Ramsay, Alexander 65 

Robertson, George Ross 105 

Rogers, Elias 62 

Holland, Hon. Jean Damien 79 

Ross, Hon. George William 63 

Sadler, George Walter 80 

Sclater, Charles Page 106 

Shaughnessy, Sir Thomas G 4 

Sifton, Hon. Clifford 1 1 

Sise, Charles Fleetford 47 

Smith, R. Wilson 59 

Smilhers, The late C. F 94 

Smithers, George Hampden 95 

Stairs, John Fitzwilliam 86 

Stewart, Duncan M 104 

Strathcona and Mount Royal, Lord I 

Sutherland, Hon. James 14 

Taschereau, Louis Alexandre 25 

Thompson, Frederick William 97 

Torrance, John 35 

Turgeon, Hon. Adelard 37 

Turner, Hon. Richard 3 6 

Watson, Hugh 45 

Weber, Frederick John 83 

Williams, Herbert Hale ?3 

Wiser, John Philip 

Wyman, William Henry . . 100 



PREFACE. 



Within this volume will he found engravings from 
steel and brief biographical sketches of some of the men 
who have helped to make and are making of Canada at 
the present moment a great country within itself. Only 
a few names can be presented within each volume, 
others w'ill follow as the engravings and sketches can 
be gathered by our staff. There has been no attempt 
at fulsomeness nor undue eulogy. Many of the sketches 
are brief, much briefer than we might have wished as 
the subjects were worthy of more space, but the matter 
is mostly first handed and covers all that we were al- 
lowed to use. Newspapers will generally find here 
the matter they require in giving, for any reason, a 
sketch of a man's life. The engravings they will find 
will reproduce excellently, and, while all matter is 
copyrighted, the right is given to any newspaper to 
use whatever it likes of either engravings or letter- 
press, with the request that the usual courtesy of ac- 
knowledgment be extended to The Canadian Press 
Syndicate. 

In preparing a work of this character there are 
many perplexing delays and disappointments. It is a 
difficult task to secure material for a sketch from a 



busy and, at the same time, careless man ; it is often 
harder to persuade him to allow us the use of a steel 
engraving, which is really the best and most enduring 
method of reproducing a photograph ; it is then difficult 
to get him to pass upon the sketch, or to approve or 
correct the printer's proof, and often these things are 
entirely omitted through sheer inability to get it attend- 
ed to; but in the face of nil obstacles it is our purpose 
to persevere in this work until it represents the Domi- 
nion as a whole, and will be, as this volume indicates, 
the best work of its class ever undertaken in Canada 
or to our knowledge in any other country. There have 
been several biographical works produced in the Do- 
minion, some of them very creditable, and to them we 
owe a portion of the information contained herein, but 
none have been so handsomely and richly illustrated 
nor quite so elaborately bound and carefully printed 
as these volumes will be. 

We trust those of you. who are pleased with this 
first volume, will not be backward in letting us know 
the fact, and those ot you, who are displeased, we can 
anticipate your criticisms, but they will be none the 
less welcome. 

THE CANADIAN PRESS SYNDICATE. 



LORD STRATHCONA AND MOUNT ROYAL. 



The Right Honorable Sir Donald Alexander Smith, 
first Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal, High Com- 
missioner for Canada in London, was born at Archie- 
ston, Morayshire, in 1820, his father being the late 
Alexander Smith. After receiving a sound business 
education at the local school in Archieston, the future 
peer, at the age of eighteen, entered the service of 
the Hudson Bay Company, which has proved the road 
to fortune of so many young Scotsmen. The first 
post he was assigned to was in Labrador, and he spent 
no less than 13 years in that inhospitable region. 
Thence he was removed to the Great Northwest, then 
known as the District of Ruperts Land, and be has 
been intimately identified with the development of that 
vast region ever since. Before the transfer of the Dis- 
trict of Ruperts Land to the Dominion of Canada he 
had attained the position of Chief Factor and Resident 
Governor of the Hudson Bay Company in Canada. 
His judgment, tact, and influence, with the half-breeds 
was used to great advantage at the time of the Red 
River troubles of 1869 and 1870, and his efforts had 
much to do with the pacification of the people. After 
the organization of the Province of Manitoba and the 
setting apart of the remainder of Ruperts Land as the 
Northwest Territory, he was elected to the first Mani- 
toba Legislature for Winnipeg and St. John, and was 
also appointed to the Northwest Territorial Council. 
At the fVst Manitoba elections for the Dominion House 
of Commons, he was returned as member for Selkirk 
in the Conservative interest. At the time of the Paci- 
fic Scandrl in 1873, he left his party and became a 
Liberal, but when Sir John A. Macdonald was again 
returned to power in 1878 he gave the Conservative 
Government his independent support. He resigned 
his seat in the Manitoba Legislature in 1878, but re- 
presented Selkirk at Ottawa until 1880, when he was 
defeated. Having, in the meantime, taken up his 
residence in Montreal, Mr. Smith was in 1887 returned 
to the House of Commons for Montreal West, repre- 
senting that constituency until April, 1896, being then 
appointed High Commissioner for Canada at London 
and sworn of the Canadian Privy Council. Lord 



Strathcona's name was very prominently connected 
with the carrying out of that great national project, 
the Canadian Pacific Railway. His Lordship, not 
only gave the scheme powerful financial support, but 
by his pluck, energy and personal knowledge of the 
then new Northwest, did perhaps more than any other 
single man to secure its successful accomplishment. 

In acknowledgment of his services to the Dominion 
Mr. Smith was created K.C.M.G. in 1886, and in 1896 
he received promotion in the order, receiving the dis- 
tinction of G.C.M.G., and having the additional honor 
of personal investment at Windsor Castle. At the 
time of Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee. Her Late 
Majesty raised Sir Donald to the peerage with the 
title of Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal of Glen- 
coe in the County of Argyll, and of Montreal, Que. 

Lord Strathcona became Vice-President of the 
Bank of Montreal in 1882 and President in 1887. Tie 
also was elected Chancellor of McGill University in 
1889. He holds high office in many commercial, 
charitable and patriotic organizations in England, 
Scotland and Canada, and was gazetted Honorary 
Lieut.-Colonel of the 3rd Victoria Rifles, Montreal, 
1898. At the time of the South African War. he- 
raised, equipped, and despatched to the front, at bis 
own expense, a splendid regiment of irregular horse 
recruited in the Northwest and known as Strathcona 
Horse. 

He has been a generous patron of art and a prince- 
ly contributor to the funds of educational and charit- 
able institutions. Tn 1887. he, with Lord Mount 
Stephen, gave $i. 00x3,000 for the establishment and 
endowment of the Roval Victoria Hospital, Montreal, 
in honor of Queen Victoria's Jubilee, a further dona- 
tion of $800,000 for maintenance being made in 1896. 
His donations to McGill University, Montreal, amount 
to $500,000. Cambridge and Yale conferred upon 
him the degree of LL.D. in 1887, and 1892. While 
residing in the Northwest Lord Strathcona married 
Isabella, daughter of the late Richard Hardisty, of the 
Hudson Bav service. 



THE RIGHT HON. SIR WILFRID LAURIER. 



The Right Honorable Sir Wilfrid Laurier G.C. 
M.G., P.C., etc., Prime Minister of Canada, was born 
at St. Lin, Que., November 2Oth, 1841, the son of the 
late Carolus Laurier, P.L.S., by his first wife, Marcelle 
Martineau. After receiving an elementary education 
at the mixed school in his native parish, young Wilfrid 
Laurier took a full classical course at L'Assomption 
College, which has been the Alma Mater of an excep- 
tionally large number of the most eminent public men 
of the province of Quebec. In 1860, he entered upon 
the study of law in the office, in Montreal, of the late 
Hon. K. Larlamme, Q.C., afterwards Minister of Jus- 
tice of Canada, and for some time one of his ministerial 
colleagues. Concurrently with his office training he 
followed the law course at McGill University, graduat- 
ing with the degree of 1S.C.L. in 1864, and being called 
to the liar in 1805. During bis student days, the 
future Prime .Minister gave abundant evidence of that 
lofty principle and exceptional oratorical ability, which 
have been such marked characteristics of his public 
career, and have been so largely responsible for his 
present pre-eminent position in the Dominion. lie 
practised his profession in Montreal with conspicuous 
success for three years, at the same time interesting 
himself in polities and journalism. As a young man 
he suffered from delicate health, and the amount of 
exertion to which his active mind subjected his feeble 
frame caused a physical collapse. Under stringent 
medical orders he retired from his promising profes- 
sional practice in the metropolis, with its own exac- 
tions and the various collateral distractions his ener- 
getic temperament had drawn him into, and moved to 
a quiet country place, L'Avenir. in the Eastern 
Townships, where he found recreative occupation in 
the editorial management of "Le Defricheur." 
a Reform paper, previously conducted by |. 
P>. E. Dorion, popularly known throughout the 
province of Quebec as " L'Enfant Terrible." 
The removal of the delicate young lawyer 
from the turmoil of the city to the fresh 
air and quiet of the country had the desired effect. 
He still retained the instinct for his chosen profession, 
and upon his restoration to health he opened a law 
office at St. Christophe, now Arthabaska, which had 
been created the chef-lien of the then new judicial dis- 
trict of Drummond and Arthabaska. His private re- 
sidence has remained in Arthabaska ever since". Pos- 
sessed to a remarkable extent of the faculty of close 
and systematic study, and with a marked gift as a per- 
suasive pleader, the embryo statesman soon earned an 
enviable place for himself at the P,ar. In 1880, he 
was created a Q.C., and later, he was appointed to the 
Royal Commission nominated to revise the Code of 
Civil Procedure of the Province of Quebec. 

In politics Sir Wilfrid Laurier has always been a 
Liberal, at first a Liberal of the old school, which in- 
cluded such men as Dorion, Laflamme and Holton ; 
but, later, describing himself as " a Liberal of the Eng- 



lish School," a pupil of Charles James Fox, Daniel 
O'Connell and William Ewart Gladstone. His stu- 
dious habits have had no less an influence- upon Sir 
Wilfrid Lander's political life than upon his career at 
the liar. Anyone who listens or reads the Prime Min- 
ister's speeches is at once impressed with his thorough 
knowledge of English literature in its widest range, 
and particularly with his familiarity with the political 
and constitutional history of Great Britain. It is very 
doubtful whether any English-speaking member of the 
Canadian House of Commons is the equal of Sir Wil- 
frid Laurier in these respects. 

Sir Wilfrid Laurier was first elected to public office 
in 1871, being returned to the Quebec Legislature by 
a majority of one thousand over E. J. Hemming, Con- 
servative. In 1874 he resigned his seat and was re- 
turned to the House of Commons by the same consti- 
tuency. In seconding the address in reply he delivered 
a speech which at once put upon him the stamp of a 
parliamentarian of the first rank. November, 1876, he 
entered the Mackenzie Administration as Minister of 
Inland Revenue, but was defeated on appealing to his 
constituents for re-election. He was at once, however, 
re-elected for Quebec East, and has represented that 
constituency continuously ever since. From 1878, 
when the 'Mackenzie Administration was defeated at 
the polls, until 1896, when the Conservative Adminis- 
tration of Sir Charles Tupper met defeat, Sir Wilfrid 
Laurier sat in the front row of the Opposition benches, 
for the last nine years of the period being leader of the 
( )pposition. Being called upon to form a government, 
.Mr. Laurier was sworn into office as president of the 
Privy Council, July, 1896, and four days later finished 
his task of forming a cabinet. Conspicuous among 
the events of the Prime Minister's official life was his 
visit to England at the time of Queen Victoria's Dia- 
mond Jubilee in 1897, his powerful oratory and splen- 
did personality attracting world-wide attention and 
challenging universal admiration. While in England 
he was sworn of the Imperial Privy Council, appointed 
a G.C.M.G. and honored with degrees by both Oxford 
and Cambridge Universities. Crossing to the Con- 
tinent, Sir Wilfrid was appointed a Grand Officer of 
the Legion of Honor by the President of France, and 
received at the Vatican by the Pope. Upon his return 
to Canada, Sir Wilfrid was accorded public receptions 
in all the chief cities, and Toronto University and 
Queen's University, Kingston, conferred upon him the 
degree of L L.D. 

From 1869 to 1898 Sir Wilfrid Laurier served as 
ensign in the Arthabaskaville Infantry Company, and, 
being on active service during the Fenian Raids of 
1870, received the service medal. Sir Wilfrid Lau- 
rier was married May I3th, .1868, to Miss Zoe Lafon- 
taine, of Montreal, who, posessing a goodly amount of 
woman's tact, judgment and devotion, has contributed 
not a little to the success of the distinguished states- 
man's public career. 



HON. SIR LOUIS AMABLE JETTE. 



The Honorable Sir Louis Amablc Jette, K.C.M.G., 
K.C., LL.D., etc., was born at L'Assomption, Quo., 
January I5th, 1836, his parents being Amable Jette, 
formerly a merchant of L'Assomption, P.Q., and Caro- 
line Gauffreau, whose grand father was a San Do- 
mingo planter. He was educated at L'Assomption 
College, being a fellow student there with the Right 
Hon. Sir Wilfrid Laurier, studied law after his gradu- 
ation and was called to the liar in 1857 taking up 
practice in Montreal. A sound student and capable- 
pleader, the young lawyer soon established a good 
clientele and he came prominently to the front at the 
time of the celebrated Guibord Burial case, he being 
counsel for the Seminary of St. Sulpice. It was but 
natural that such a hard student as Mr. Jette showed 
himself to be, during the days of his practice at the 
Bar, should identify himself with legal literature, and 
we find him becoming editor of "La Revue Critique 
de Legislation et de Jurisprudence du Canada," and 
a correspondent of "La Revue de Droit International 
de Gand (Belgium)." In 1887, he was named one 
of the commissioners for the revision of the Quebec 
Code of Civil Procedure and published conjointly with 
his fellow commissioners, in 1888, "Observations re- 
lative au Code de Precedure Civile," which is the 
standard review of the Judicial system and Procedures 
Acts of the Province of Quebec. His natural incli- 
nation to letters, and his earnest principles as a Liberal 
led him for a time into political journalism, and for 
some months he was editor of "L'Ordre" 

In his practice at the Bar, he was much respected 
by the members of the profession, and for a time he 
was Treasurer of the Bar Association. He was 
called to the Bench as a Puisne Judge of the Superior 
Court, September 2nd, 1878, and the same year ap- 



pointed Professor of Civil Law in Laval University, 
Montreal, and had conferred upon him the degree of 
LL.D. He subsequently became Dean of the Fac- 
ulty. He is also a member of the Financial Syndi- 
cate of the above University and was from 1878 to 
1898 a member of the Provincial Council of Public In- 
struction. He has, in fact, always taken much inter- 
est in educational matters, and in 1886 the students 
and professors of Laval University presented him with 
an address and purse by way of an acknowledgement 
of his efforts on behalf of this institution. In 1891, 
he presided over the Royal Commission, appointed to 
conduct an inquiry into the ISaie des Chaleurs Railway 
matter, presenting a minority report of special force. 
January 2Oth, 1898, he was appointed Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor of the Province of Quebec, and re-appointed to 
a second term in 1903. In .March, 1903. he was ap- 
pointed one of the liritish Commissioners, represent- 
ing Canada on the Alaska Boundary Commission, 
which sat in London, and he. with his associate Ca- 
nadian Commissioner, presented a written protest 
against the finding of the Commission which com- 
manded world-wide attention. Sir Louis [ette had 
quite a notable political record before ascending the 
Bench. He was first returned to the House of Com- 
mons in 1872 for Montreal East, defeating Sir George 
E. Cartier by upwards of 1,200 votes, and held the 
seat until appointed Judge. 

In April, 1862, Sir Louis Jette married Berthe, 
(laughter of Toussaint Larlamme, Montreal, sister of 
the late Hon. Rodolphe Laflamme, who was Minister 
of Justice in the AlacKenzie Administration. One 
of their daughters is the wife of the Hon. Rodolphe 
Lemieux, Solicitor-General in the Laurier Govern- 
ment. 



SIR THOMAS G. SHAUGHNESSY. 



Sir Thomas G. Shaughnessy, president of the Cana- 
dian Pacific Railway, has an enviable reputation as a 
railway man. which is not confined to Canada, but 
extends over the length and breadth of America. His 
native place was .Milwaukee, Wis., where lie was 
born of Irish parents, October 6, 1853. Born with- 
out influence, he has to thank his own energy and 
perseverance for his advancement. His parents gave 
him a good common school education, and he started 
in life in a subordinate position in the purchasing 
department of the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul 
Railway, July, 1860,. His seriousness and general 
capacity did not long await recognition, and he gained 
steady promotion in the purchasing department of the 
road, until January, 1873. when he was appointed to 
the responsible position of general store keeper of that 
great system. In this position his sound judgment 
and great capacity for work attracted the attention of 
Mr. W. C. Van Home, now Sir Win. C. Van Home, 
and when that gentleman assumed the herculean task 
of the organization and management of the Canadian 
Pacific Railway in 1882, and he cast about for reliable 
and capable lieutenants, he picked upon Air. 
Shaughnessy as one of them, and brought him to 
Montreal as general purchasing agent of the then new 
Trans-Continental road. Mr. Shaughnessy soon 
showed himself a power on the staff of the big com- 
pany, and within two years after he assumed office in 
the service, he was appointed assistant to the general 



manager. In 1885, the responsibilities and functions 
of his office were extended and its designation changed 
to assistant general manager. In June, 1891, he was 
elected a director and vice-president of the C. P. R., 
and upon the retirement of Sir William from the posi- 
tion of president of the company, Mr. Shaughnessy 
was selected to succeed him, and has discharged the 
responsible duties of that high office with marked 
ability. In recognition of his services to the C. P. R. 
and to Canada, Mr. Shaughnessy was knighted in 
i (jo i. Sir Thomas Shaughnessy, besides being presi- 
dent or director of various allied railway companies, 
such as the Duluth, South Shore and Atlantic, the 
Toronto, Hamilton and Buffalo Railways, the B. C. 
Southern Railway, the Montreal and Western Rail- 
way, etc., he is also a director of the Royal Trust 
Company, Montreal, and a governor of the Royal 
Victoria Hospital. 

The power wielded by Sir Thomas Shaughnessy 
as president of the Canadian Pacific Railway is fairly 
tremendous. To-day the Canadian Pacific Railway 
stands unrivalled as the greatest transportation com- 
pany in the world. Owner of ten thousand miles of 
railway track, and sixty inland and ocean-going 
steamers,. it carries goods and passengers not only from 
one end of Canada to the other, but also from the 
crowded cities of Europe to the utmost limits of the 
Far East, without transhipment to another flag. 



CHARLES MELVILLE HAYS. 



Charles Melville Hays was born at Rock Island, 
III., May 16, 1856. He entered the railway service 
Nov. loth, 1873, as a clerk in the passenger depart- 
ment of the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad, in St. Louis. 
He worked successively in the Auditor's and General 
Superintendent's offices until 1877, when he became 
Secretary to the General Manager of the Missouri 
Pacific. In 1884, he took a similar position with the 
Wabash, St. Louis & Pacific, becoming Assistant Gen- 
eral Manager of that road in 1886. In July, 1887, he 
was appointed General Manager of the Wabash West- 
ern, and later, of the Consolidated Wabash System, 
becoming Vice-President and General Manager in 
1894. During this period was Director of the Chi- 
cago & Western Indiana, R.R. ; Belt Railway, of Chi- 
cago ; Detroit Union R R. & Station Co. ; Hannibal 
Union Station Co. ; Keokuk Union Station Co. ; Kan- 
sas City Union Station Co. ; Terminal R.R. Associa- 
tion of St. Louis, of which Company he was also 
Chairman of the Executive Committee. Represented 
the Wabash Railroad in Western Traffic As- 



sociation, Central Traffic Association, and on the 
Joint Traffic Association. On January 1st, 

1896, he became General Manager of the Grand 
Trunk Railway System, which office he relin- 
quished on January ist, 1901, to become President 
of the Southern Pacific Railway, retiring from that 
office the latter part of lyoi to return to the Grand 
Trunk Railway System as Second Vice-President and 
General Manager. Is President of the Central Ver- 
mont Railway ; Grand Trunk Western Railway ; De- 
troit, Grand Haven & Milwaukee Railway ; Toledo, 
Saginaw & Muskegon Railway ; Michigan Air Line 
Railway ; Chicago, Detroit & Canada Grand Trunk 
Junction Railroad ; Detroit & Toledo Shore Line ; 
Canadian Express Company ; St. Clair Tunnel Com- 
pany ; International Bridge Company ; Montreal 
Warehousing Company ; Portland Elevator Company, 
and New England Elevator Company. Mr. Hays 
also represents the Grand Trunk Western Railway 
as Director of the Chicago & Western Indiana R.R., 
and licit Railway ot Chicago. 



RON, & N. PARENT. 



The Honorable Simon Napoleon Parent, Premier 
of the Province of Quebec, was born at Beauport, near 
the City of Quebec, September I2th, 1855, n ' s parents 
being Simon Pqlycarpe Parent, merchant, and Luce 
Belanger, his wife. He obtained his primary educa- 
tion by studying at Laval Normal School and private 
tuition, then entering the faculty of Law of Laval 
University, graduating with the degree of L.L.L., 
cum laude, and winning the Lome Gold Medal and the 
Tessier Prize. He was called to the P>ar in 1881, and 
has successfully practiced in Quebec ever since. In 
the profession he holds quite an enviable position as a 
sound business lawyer, and the firm of which he is 
the head has the largest practice in the Ancient Capi- 
tal. 

Mr. Parent's very active and useful public career 
may be said to date from his election as an alderman 
to the Quebec City Council in 1890. At the general 
elections the same year he was returned to the Pro- 
vincial Legislature for St. Sauveur in the Liberal in- 
terest. He has sat in the Quebec City Council ever 
since, during the past ten years as Mayor. Coinci- 
dent with Mr. Parent's long period of office in the 
mayoralty there has been a remarkable renewal of com- 
mercial and industrial activity in Quebec, and a mark- 
ed improvement in the appearance of the city. 
Streets have been widened and permanently paved, 
public parks acquired, public buildings have been con- 



structed, City Hall, Theatre, the methods of the vari- 
ous municipal services modernized, and an efficient 
rapid transit system installed. And all of this has 
been accomplished without imposing any appreciable 
additional burden of taxation upon the ratepayers. In 
fact, Mr. Parent has gained for himself the reputa- 
tion of being a progressive, yet cautious mayor, and his 
exceptional record as a wise municipal administrator 
has had much to do with his rapid advancement in the 
field of provincial politics. Was re-elected alderman 
1 5th February, 1904, and was re-elected for the 
sixth term (12 years,) on the first day of March, 1904. 

He was re-elected to the Legislature from St. 
Sauveur in 1892, 1897 and 1900. He was called to 
the Marchand administration as Minister of Crown 
Lands, May 2oth, 1897, and upon the death of Premier 
Marchand, September 251)1, 1900, he was summoned 
by the Lieutenant-Governor to form an administra- 
tion, and he has been Premier of the Province of Que- 
bec ever since. He also holds the portfolio of Min- 
istr of Lands, Mines and Fisheries. His administra- 
tion of the affairs of the Province has been character- 
ized by scrupulous economy. October I7th, 1877, 
Mr. Parent married Marie Louise Clara, daughter of 
Ambroise Gendron, timber inspector of Beauport. 

He is also the President of the Quebec Bridge and 
Railway Company, which will be the largest Cantilever 
Bridge of the world. 



HON. GEORGE ALBERTUS COX. 



Senator Cox's connection with the Grand Trunk 
Pacific Railrvvay and numerous other enterprises makes 
him one of the most prominent figures in Canadian 
public life to-day. He is of English decent, his family 
having migrated to the United States from the Mother 
Land in 1810. Eight years later they removed to Can- 
ada, first taking up land in I'rince Edward and after- 
wards in Northumberland County, Out. He is the son 
of Edward W. Cox by his wife Jane Tanner, and was 
born at Colborne, Out., May 7th, 1840. Educated there 
he commenced life as an operator in the service of the 
Montreal Telegraph Company. After two years spent 
in its office in his native town he was sent, .May, 1858, 
to take charge of the Peterborough office, where he 
lived for thirty years and is still largely interested in its 
prosperity. He continues to use unabated interest in 
everything that contributes to the welfare of his old 
home, which is now one of the most prosperous and 
progressive towns in Ontario, taking an active part in 
the direction of the Canadian General Electric Com- 
pany, the Peterborough Lock Company and other local 
organizations. The young agent speedily asserted his 
individuality and took an active part in the municipal, 
educational and commercial interesets of Peterborough. 
For seven years he was mayor, being successful three 
times in contested elections and four times he was elec- 
ted by acclamation. In 1871 Mr. Cox stepped from the 
municipal into the political field and contested the rid- 
ing of West Peterborough for the legislature, with the 
late W. H. Scott. He won the fight, but the election 
was set aside and in the following year he was defeat* 
ed by Mr. Scott by a majority of one. In 1887 Mr. 
Cox contested the same riding for the House of Com- 
mons, with Mr. James Stevenson. He was again de- 
feated, but the majority was only sixteen. 

Mr. Cox soon became interested in enterprises of 
interest to the country at large and in 1878 became 
President of the Midland Railway at the request of the 
creditors of the Company, which at the time was in 
financial difficulties. During the term of his presidency 



the road was placed in first-class condition, new rolling 
stock provided and four other railways amalgamated 
with the Midland system. The consolidated sys- 
tem was afterwards sold to the Grand Trunk Railway, 
at which time the securities were worth more than par 
although when Mr. Cox assumed the management the 
first mortgage bonds were selling at seventeen cents on 
the dollar. This was the most important financial 
event up to that time in Mr. Cox's career, and its suc- 
cess was no doubt the foundation of his fortune. .He 
was also a member of the 1 lowland Syndicate which 
offered to build the Canadian Pacific Railway. 

In 1884 Mr. Cox founded the Central Canada Loan 
and Savings Company, becoming its first 1 'resident, 
which office he still retains. In 1885 he became a direc- 
tor of the Canadian ISank of Commerce and President 
in 1890, still retaining that important office. He is also 
President of the Canada Life Assurance Company, 
having beeen closely identified with its interests since 
1861 ; is President of the Western Assurance Com- 
pany, the Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company and the ISri- 
tish American Assurance Company, and, is also inter- 
ested in and closely identified with a number of other 
large companies, among them being the National 
Trust, the Dominion Iron and Steel, and the Domi- 
nion Coal companies. 

A Liberal in politics Mr. Cox was called to the Sen- 
ate of Canada in November, 1896, by the Earl of 
Aberdeen. 

Senator Cox is a staunch supporter of the Metho- 
dist Church and in conjunction with the Rev. Dr. Potts 
is Treasurer of Victoria University, in which institu- 
tion he has established a Chair in New Testament 
Exegesis and yearly donatees a gold medal for Natural 
Science. He is also a member of the Trustee Board of 
Toronto University. 

Mr. Cox is a member of the Toronto and National 
Clubs. In 1862 he married Margaret, youngest daugh- 
ter of Daniel Hopkins, of Peterborough. 



HON. SIR WILLIAM MULOCFL 



The Honourable Sir William Mulock, M.A., 
LL.D., K.C., P.C., Toronto, Member of the House 
of Comonms of Canada, for North York, and Post- 
master General for the Dominion of Canada, was born 
at Bond Head, Ontario, January I9th, 1843. His 
father was the late Thomas Homan Mulock, a member 
of the Royal College of Surgeons, a native of King's 
County, Ireland, and his mother was Mary, daughter 
of the late John Cawthra, of Yorkshire, England. 

Sir William was educated -at Newmarket Grammar 
School and at Toronto University, graduating with 
the degree of M.A., and gaining the gold medal for 
modern languages in 1863. In 1871 he took the de- 
gree of M.A., and in 1894, received the honoru-y de- 
gree of L.L.D. 

Choosing the law as his profession, he was called 
to the Bar of Ontario in 1868, and soon won an envi- 
able position as a thorough, painstaking and forceful 
lawyer. In 1890 he was appointed Queen's Counsel, 
at that time being head of the leading law firm of Mul- 
ock, Miller, Thomson and Lee, Toronto. He wa.s 
for four years Examiner in and Lecturer on Equity 
for the Law Society of Ontario. In 1873 he was 
elected a Senator of Toronto University', and has 
served his Alma Mater in that responsible capacity up 
to the present time, and with great benefit to the 'Uni- 
versity. In 1881 lie was elected to the honorable po- 
sition of Vice-Chancellor of the University, and was 
continuously re-elected until 1900 when he resigned, 
owing to the pressure of other public duties. A per- 
petual reminder of his intelligent activity in the in- 
terest of the University is the William Nlulock schol- 
arship in Mathematics, founded by him. 

A staunch Liberal, he, from early manhood, mani- 
fested a keen interest in political affairs, and did a 
great deal of hard work for his party. At the Gen- 
eral Elections of 1882 he was returned to the House 
of Commons for North York, and has represented the 
Constituency ever since. During the time the Lib- 
eral Party was in opposition he was recognized as one 
of the most consistent and effective critics of the Gov- 
ernment of the day, and after success of the Liberal 
Party at the General Elections of 1896 his selection 
as a member of the new Laurier administration was 
regarded as a foregone conclusion. When the Cabi- 
net was formed July I 3 th, he was given the portfolio 
of Postmaster General, and he has shown himself a 
most progressive Minister. In 1898 he introduced 
into Parliament his famous measure, empowering the 
Governor General in Council to reduce domestic post- 
age from three cents to two cents an ounce At the 
same time he announced his belief in the principle of 
Imperial Penny Postage, and he was in course of time 
largely instrumental in securing the practical adoption 
of that principle. 

As a result of his efforts an Imperial Postal Con- 
vention was held in London, England, in July, 1898, 

meet ' n He m Ved the followin g 



u " That it is advisable, in the interests of the Brit- 

Empire that the rate of postage for the con- 

veyance of letters (other than inland letters) 

throughout the entire extent of the Empire, be re- 



" duced from the present rate of twopence halfpenny 
' per half ounce to one penny." 

This Resolution was carried by a small majority, 
being opposed by the seven Australian Colonies and 
New Zealand, whose representatives withdrew from 
the Conference, leaving the countries favouring the 
reduction to work out the scheme. Thereupon, he 
arranged with the Imperial Government that as the 
first step towards giving effect to the reduction the 
penny rate as between the United Kingdom and Can- 
ada should go into effect on Christmas Day, 1898. 
The reduction accordingly took effect on that date. 
Subsequently other portions of the Empire came into 
the arrangements, and to-day the penny rate obtains 
between Canada and every part of the Empire, except 
Australia, and even as to Australia the rate from Can- 
ada to the Commonwealth has been reduced to the 
penny rate although as yet the Commonwealth has 
not yet made the corresponding reduction on its letters 
to Canada. A week after the inauguration of this 
Inter-Imperial Penny rate in Canada, namely on the 
first January, 1899, the Canadian domestic letter rate, 
and also the Canadian rate on letters to the United 
Stages, was reduced to two cents per ounce. The re- 
sult of these reductions has been accompanied by a 
large increase in the postal revenue of Canada. 

He was sent as a delegate to represent the Domin- 
ion of Canada at the inauguration of the first Parlia- 
ment of the Commonwealth of Australia, June, 1901, 
and was also one of the Canadian representatives at 
the Coronation of King Edward VII. at London dur- 
ing the summer of 1902. At the Colonial Confer- 
ence at London at that time he moved and secured the 
adoption of the following Resolution, respecting 
newspaper postal rates : 

" That it is advisable to adopt the principle of 
" cheap postage between the different parts of the 
" British Empire on all newspapers and periodicals 
"published therein, and the Prime Ministers desire to 
" draw the attention of His Alajesty's Government to 
" the question of a reduction in the outgoing rate." 

" They consider that each Government should be 
" allowed to determine the amount to which it may 
'' reduce such rate and the time for such reduction go- 
" ing into effect." 

The Canadian Post Office Department made appli- 
cation to every part of the Empire for consent to a re- 
duction in newspaper rates. Most of the Govern- 
ments have given their consent and in consequence 
the Canadian domestic rate upon newspapers carries 
Canadian papers to the following portions of the Em- 
pire : United Kingdom, Bahamas, Barbados, Bermu- 
da, British Honduras, Ceylon, Cyprus, Falkland Is- 
lands, Gambia, Hong Kong, Leeward Islands (in- 
cluding Antigua, &c.), New Zealand, Sarawak, Sierra 
Leone, Transvaal, Turks Islands, Zanzibar. 

Sir William Mulock was married in May, 1870, to 
Sarah, eldest daughter of the late James Crowther, 
Toronto, and their family consists of four children, 
namely : William Mulock, Edith May, wife of Mac- 
Dowall Thomson, Ethel, wife of Arthur Kirkpatrick, 
and Cawthra Mulock. 

Sir William Mulock is a member of the Toronto 
Club, and the Rideau Club, Ottawa. 

He was created a K.C.M.G. the 26th June, 1902. 



R. B. ANGUS. 



Mr. R. B. Angus, Montreal, capitalist, was horn at 
Bathgate, near Edinburgh, Scotland, May, 28, 1831. 
At an early age he left Scotland and entered the ser- 
vice of the Manchester and Liverpool bank, lie 
came to Montreal in 1857, and took a position on 
the staff of the Hank of Montreal. He advanced 
steadily in the service of Canada's chief bank- 
ing institution, and in 1862 took charge of 
the Chicago Agency, a few years later pro- 
ceeding to New York as one of the agents of 
the Bank at that city. From New York he returned 
to Montreal as local manager, and in 1869, succeeded 
the late E. H. King, as general manager. In 18/9 he 
retired from the service of the Hank, in which he had 
risen so rapidly to assume a position in the manage- 
ment of the St. Paul, Minneapolis and Manitoba Rail- 
way. In 1880 he associated himself with Mr. George 
Stephen, Mr. Donald A. Smith and others to form the 
syndicate for the construction of the Canadian Pacific 
Railway. How the great Canadian undertaking was 
carried out to completion in 1885 is a matter of na- 
tional history. Mr. Angus returned to Montreal to 
reside in the year 1881. Has a house in Drummond 
Street, and a country home on the Lake of the Two 
Mountains, near St. Ann's. Mr. Angus is a generous 



patron of art, is an ex- President of the Montreal Art 
Association, and has one of the finest private art col- 
lections in Canada. 

He has devoted considerable time, and with good 
effect, to charitable work in Montreal, particularly to 
that in connection with the Royal Victoria Hospital, 
of which splendid institution he is President. He is 
also a director of the Montreal Sailors Institute, and 
a past president of the St. Andrews Society. He is 
connected officially with McGill University as a mem- 
ber of the Board of Governors, is a governor and 
ex-president of the Eraser Institute, and a governor of 
the Montreal Numisatic and Antiquarian Society. 

He is a director of the Bank of Montreal, the Can- 
adian Pacific Railway Co., Dominion Coal Co., Domi- 
nion Iron and Steel Co., the Dominion Bridge Co., the 
Merchants' Manufacturing Company, the Northwest 
Land Company, and the London and Lancashire Life 
Assurance Company. 

Mr. Angus is a member of the St. James and 
Mount Royal Clubs, Montreal ; Forest and Stream 
Club, Dorval ; Royal St. Lawrence Yach': Club ; 
Rideau Club, Ottawa ; Toronto Clb, Toronto, and 
Manitoba Club, Winnipeg. 



SIR MACKENZIE BOWELL. 



The Honorable Sir Mackenzie Bowell, K.C.M.G., 
etc., Belleville, Out., was born at Rickinghall, Suffolk, 
England, December 271)1, 1823, his father being the 
late John ISowell, a carpenter and builder, who emi- 
grated to Canada with his young family in 1833. The 
subject of this sketch was at the time between nine and 
ten years of age. The family settled in Belleville, 
Out,, and the year after their arrival, young Mackenzie 
Bowell entered the office of the Belleville 'Intelli 
gencer' as an apprentice, in the employ of the late 
George Benjamin.- The lad was ambitious, and he be- 
came in succession, journeyman printer, foreman, edi- 
tor-partner and finally proprietor of the 'Intelligencer.' 
While gradually and industrously improving his busi- 
ness position he found time to devote attention to pub- 
lic matters and he attained public influence at a com- 
paratively early date. He for several years took an 
active interest in local educational matters, and for 
eight or ten years was Chairman of the Common 
School Board. For two years he sat as Chairman of 
the Grammar School Society. He joined the militia 
as ensign in the Belleville Rifle Company in 1857, and 
was on active service with the corps of observation 
stationed on the Amherstburg frontier during the civil 
war in the United States in 1864-5, after the St. 
Albans Raid. He was also on active service at Pres- 
cott at the time of the first Fenian Raid, as Captain of 
No. i Company of the 1 5th Battalion. He was pro- 
moted to be Major of the 49th upon its organization in 
February, 1867, and attained the rank of Lieutenant- 
Colonel in February, 1872. He retired, retaining rank, 
in 1874. At an early age he identified himself with 
the Orange Order and beginning with the office of 
outside tyler of Benjamin L. O. L. , No. 274, of 
Belleville, he has obtained unique distinction in the 
order. He passed through the successive stages of 
Master, District Master, County Master, Provincial' 
Grand Master and Grand Master of British North 
America. In 1876, at Londonderry, Ireland, he reach- 
ed the top round of the ladder, being elected President 
of the Imperial Triennial Council, the highest office 
attainable by any Orangeman in the world. He was 



for a time Vice-President of the Ontario Agricultural 
and Arts Association, and served a term as President 
of the Ontario Press Association. It is as a politician 
and statesman that Sir Mackenzie Bowell is best 
known to the people of Canada. After an unsuccess- 
ful attempt in the Conservative interest to capture the 
seat for North Hastings in the Canadian Assembly at 
the general elections of 1863, he successfully contested 
the seat for the House of Commons at the first Domi- 
nion general elections in 1867 and held the seat con- 
tinuously for a period of twenty-five years, then being 
called to the Senate. In 1878 he entered the Cabinet 
of Sir John A. Macdonald, holding the portfolio of 
Minister of Customs for fourteen years. On the 
death of Sir John A. Macdonald, and the formation of 
a Cabinet by Sir John Abbott, Mr. Bowell accepted 
the portfolio of Minister of Militia, which he held 
until Sir John Thompson formed his Cabinet, when 
he was transferred to the new department of Trade 
and Commerce, holding that portfolio until called 
upon after the death of Sir John Thompson, in De- 
cember, 1894, to form a Cabinet. The new Premier 
became at this time President of the Council. He 
retired from the Government on April 2nd, 1896, 
and was succeeded by Sir Charles Tupper, Bart. 
In 1893 he went on an important trade mission to 
Australia, which resulted in the trade conference at 
Ottawa the following year. January ist, 1895, he 
was appointed a K.C.M.G. He was elected leader 
of the Conservative Opposition in the Canadian 
Senate August 25th, 1896. 

Sir Mackenzie Bowell was elected one of the direc- 
tors of the Imperial Life Assurance Company of 
Canada at its organization, and has always taken a 
deep interest in its welfare. In 1903 he succeeded to 
the Presidency, which office he now holds. 

December, 1857, he married Harriet Louisa, 
eldest daughter of the late Jacob G. Moore, of Belle- 
ville, Ont. Mrs. Bowell died in April, 1884. Sir 
Mackenzie Bowell is a member of the Albany Club, 
Toronto, and the Rideau Club, Ottawa. 



10 



HON. CLIFFORD SIFTON, 



The Hon. Clifford Sifton, K.C., Minister of the 
Interior, was born in the County of Middlesex, Out., 
March loth, 1861, the son of John W. Sifton, former- 
ly Speaker of the Manitoba Assembly, and Catherine 
Watkins, his wife. The Siftons are of Irish 
descent, and the subject of this sketch posesses in a 
marked degree the oratorical force and brilliancy which 
is characteristic of the race. Mr. Sifton was educated 
at the High School, London, Ont., at the Boys' College, 
Dunclas, and at Victoria University, Cobourg, Ont., 
graduating from the last named institution of learning 
with the degree of 1>.A., and winning the Prince of 
Wales gold medal in 1880. Called to the Manitoba 
Bar in 1882, he removed to Brandon, and remained in 
practice there until 1896 when he joined the adminis- 
tration of Sir Wilfrid Laurier as Minister of the Inte- 
rior and Superintendent General of Indian Affairs, 
which portfolio he still holds. He was created a ( ).C. 
by Lord Aberdeen in 1895. 

His active political career began with his election to 
the Manitoba Legislative Assembly for North I'.ran- 
don in 1888. May I4th, 1891, he was called to the 
Manitoba Government as Attorney-General in Mr. 
Greenway's administration in succession to the Hon. 
Joseph Martin. In June, 1893, he was one of the 
vice-presidents of the Ottawa Reform Convention. 
During Mr. Greenway's illness in 1895, Mr. Sifton was 
acting Premier of Manitoba, and in June introduced 
in the Legislature the resolution declaring the intention 
of Manitoba to refuse to carry out the Order-in-Coun- 
cil of the Dominion Government for the re-establishing 
of the separate school system in the province. The fol- 
lowing February he introduced in the Legislature the 
resolutions protesting against the adoption by the 
Dominion Parliament of the Manitoba Remedial Bill 
then under consideration. He was one of the commis- 
sioners named later by the Manitoba Government to 
meet delegates appointed by the Dominion Government 
to discuss the school question, and he subscribed to the 



refusal of the Manitoba Government to accept the Do- 
minion Government's demands. In the department 
of Provincial legislation his most important work was 
the Code of Civil Procedure, which regulates all pro- 
cedures in Superior Courts. It is founded upon the 
old practice with modifications suggested by the 
English Legislature Act. This code greatly siiiiplfies 
legal procedure and has proven extremely satisfac- 
tory in practice. 

After accepting his present portfolio in the Laurier 
administration he was returned to the House of Com- 
mons by acclamation for I'.randon, which seat he has 
held ever since. 

As Minister of the Interior he is specially charg- 
ed with matter relating to the Government of the 
North-West Territories and Yukon Territory and all 
unorganized and outlying territories of the Dominion. 
In 1898 he introduced and carried through legislation 
giving responsible government to the Xorth-West Ter- 
ritories. He has expressed the opinion that the imme- 
diate settlement of the west is the most important 
national duty of Canada, and has accordingly devoted 
special attention to the question of immigration. Mr. 
Sifton has devoted much serious attention to the de- 
velopment of Canada's great mineral reserve in the 
Yukon district, and the opening up of that region has 
been greatly facilitated by his efforts. He personally 
visited the district in 1897, investigating the White and 
Chilkoot passes and other routes. 

Mr. Sifton was recommended by the Canadian Gov- 
ernment and appointed by the British Government to 
act as British agent before the Alaska Boundary Tri- 
bunal, under treaty of January, 1903. He spent sev- 
eral months in London, 1903, superintending the pre- 
paration and presentation of the British case. 

Mr. Sifton was married, August I4th, 1884, to Eli- 
zabeth Anna, daughter of H. T. Burrows, formerly of 
Ottawa. 



11 



GEORGE EDWARD DRUMMOND. 



Mr. George Edward Drummond, Merchant and 
Manufacturer, Montreal, was born in 1858, in the 
County of Leitrim, Ireland, being the son of George 
Drummond and Elizabeth Soden, his wife. He came 
with his parents to Montreal in 1864, his father dying 
twelve months later. His mother is still living. Mr. 
Drummond was educated in Montreal, and a sound 
preliminary business training, in the year 1881, in con- 
junction with Mr. James T. McCall and his brother, 
Mr. T. J. Drummond, founded the present widely- 
known firm of Drummond, McCall & Company, iron 
and steel merchants, and founders of the Canada Iron 
Furnace Company, Limited, the Montreal Pipe Foun- 
dry Company, and other kindred industries. Mr. 
Drummond is at present Managing-Director and 
Treasurer of the Canada Iron Furnace Company, 
Limited, at present operating the plants at Radnor, 
Que., and Midland, Ont, and is also a Director of the 
Montreal Pipe Foundry Company, the Canadian Iron 
and Foundry Company, the Londonderry (N.S.) Iron 
and Mining Company, Limited, and the Liverpool 
and London and Globe Insurance Company. Mr. 
Drummond is recognized as a leading authority on the 
Canadian Iron and Steel trade, and has contributed 
several widely read articles to technical journals on 
the subject. He is well-known in general commercial 
circles, at the present time holding the very honorable 



positions of President of the Montreal Board of Trade 
and President of the Canadian Manufacturers' As- 
sociation. To both of which offices he was elected 
by acclamation. 

Mr. Drummond is an ardent and active Imperialist. 
At the 5th Congress of Chambers of Commerce of 
the British Empire, held in Montreal in 1903, he had 
the honor of opening the proceedings by moving one 
of the most important resolutions offered to and un- 
animously adopted by that important body, a resolu- 
tion in favor of Colonial contribution to Imperial de- 
fence. In presenting the motion, Mr. Drummond 
delivered a powerful and comprehensive speech, which 
commanded marked attention in all parts of the Brit- 
ish Empire. 

Mr. Drummond is an active adherent of the Church 
of England, occupying now for some time the position 
of Warden of St. George's Church, Montreal. He 
is also Vice-President of the Montreal Church Home, 
and a Governor of the Montreal Diocesan Theological 
College. 

Mr. Drummond married February, 1890, Elizabeth 
Foster, daughter of Ignatius Cockshutt, of "The 
Cedars," Brantford, Ontario. 

Mr. Drummond is Vice-President of the Lauren- 
tian Club, and a member of the Montreal, St. James 
and "Canada" Clubs, Montreal. 



12 



HON. JAMES SUTHERLAND. 



The Honourable James Sutherland, M.P., for 
North Oxford, is a son of the late Alexander Suther- 
land, a native of Caithness-shire, Scotland, who came 
to Canada in 1841, and of his wife, Allison, daughter 
of the late John Renton. Horn July 17. 1849. Kdu- 
cated at Grammar School, Woodstock, Out. 

In 1869, when only 20 years of age, he started a 
mercantile business in Woodstock, and afterwards be- 
came interested in various manufacturing industries. 
On the discovery, by Mr. Thomas L. Willson, of cal- 
cium carbide as a commercial commodity, lie became 
connected with the inventor in its manufacture, and 
several large factories have been established in the 
provinces of Ontario and Ouebec. .Mr. Sutherland 
has been successful in his business undertakings, and 
his career has been characterized by energy, tact and 
a large amount of 'Scotch caution. 

Mr. Sutherland has always taken a great interest 
in the development of the County of Oxford and the 
City of Woodstock, where his home is. and has been 
actively connected with the railway and other enter- 
prises, which have tended to their growth and de- 
velopment. 

In 1876 he was elected to the Town Council and 
for three years was Reeve of the Town and a Member 
of the County Council: in 1880 he was Mayor. He 
has always taken an active part in educational matters, 
holding the position of Trustee of the Woodstock 
Grammar School for many years. During his tenure 
of office, the school rose steadily through the various 
grades of High School and Collegiate Institute until 
it became widely known as one of the foremost edu- 
cational centres of the Province. 

Mr. Sutherland is a Charter Member of the.Wood- 
stock Hoard of Trade and has been Trustee of the 
Woodstock Hospital since its inception. In fraternal 
circles he has been connected with the Masonic Order 
and the Independent Order of Oddfellows, being P.G. 
of Olive Branch Lodge, I.O.O.F., and P.M. of Ox- 
ford Lodge, A. F. & A. M., and Grand Senior Warden 
of the Grand Lodge of Ontario. He has also been 
Royal Chief of the Order of Scottish Clans. 

In militia matters he has also been prominent; he 
joined the 22nd Battalion of Oxford Rifles when a boy 
and still holds the position of Paymaster in that bat- 
talion with the rank of Major. 

Mr. Sutherland's Parliamentary career commenced 
in 1880, when he was elected to represent North Ox- 
ford at the bye-election, caused by the sudden death 
of Mr. Thomas Oliver, M.P., and he has remained 
the representative of that riding ever since, having 



been successively re-elected at the general elections 
of 1882-87-91-96-1900, and again in 1902, on his ap- 
pointment as Minister of the Crown with a portfolio. 
For many years he was Assistant Whip of the Liberal 
Party in the House of Commons, and, on the death 
of the late James Trow, M.P., was chosen Chief Lib- 
eral Whip. In this position he did his party good 
service and won the esteem alike of political friends 
and opponents. In 1893 he was Chairman of the 
Committee of General Arrangements of the Liberal 
Conference at Ottawa, that notable and historic gath- 
ering of prominent and representative men from all 
parts of the Dominion, which contributed so much to 
the success of the Liberal party at the next general 
election. He also had charge of the tonr taken 
by Sir Wilfrid Laurier, and a party of prominent 
leaders of the then opposition to the Pacific Coast in 
1894: and which was very successful in arousing 
party enthusiasm and increasing the zeal of the var- 
ious organizations throughout the different sections 
of the Dominion. Mr. Sutherland has always been 
found an active supporter of every movement, looking 
to the development of the resources of the Dominion. 
He has visited almost every part of the country, and 
no one is more familiar with the local conditions or 
has a clearer grasp of the necessities of each district. 
( )n the formation of the Laurier Administration in 
1896 he was offered a portfolio, but, on account of his 
many business interests, declined. From 1896 to 
1900 he was Chairman of the Railway Committee of 
the House of Commons. On the 3Oth of September, 
1899, ne was called to the Privy Council as Minister 
without portfolio. In the absence of the Hon. Mr. 
Sifton, during the session of 1900, he was Acting 
Minister of Interior; and was Acting Postmaster 
General in 1901, while Sir William Mulock was absent 
in Australia as Canadian representative at the inau- 
guration of the Australian Commonwealth. In Jan- 
nary, 1902, he was sworn in as Minister of Marine 
and Fisheries, and, while occupying this position, took 
up the improvement of the aids to navigation, especial- 
ly along Canada's great waterway, the St. Lawrence, 
and in other parts of the Dominion as well, with a 
vigor and success which gave great satisfaction to the 
shipping and mercantile interests of the country. In 
October of the same year he was transferred from the 
Department of Marine and Fisheries to that of Pub- 
lic Works. He is unmarried. A Presbyterian. 
Address, Woodstock, Ont. Is a member of the To- 
ronto and National Clubs, Toronto ; the Rideau, Ot- 
tawa, and St. James, Montreal. 



14 



HON. RAYMOND FOURNIER PREFONTAINE, B.GL.,K.G 



The Hon. Raymond Fournier Prefontaihc, B.C.L., 
K.C., Montreal, member of the Parliament of the Do- 
minion of Canada for Maisonneuve, and Minister of 
Marine and Fisheries, was born at Longueuil, Chambly 
County, Que., September i6th, 1850. He is a des- 
cendent of the oldest and most honorable families in 
the Province of Quebec, his ancestors having settled 
in what was then New France in 1680. His father 
was the late Mr. Toussaint Fournier Prefontaine of 
Longueuil, his mother's maiden name being Ursulc 
Lamarre. 

The Hon. Mr. Prefontaine was educated by private 
tuition and at St. Mary's College and McCiill I'ni- 
versity, Montreal, graduating with the degree of 
B.C.L. from the last named institution of learning in 
1873. The same year he was called to the I Jar at 
Montreal, and entered into the active practice of his 
profession. He soon built up a most lucrative prac- 
tice at the Bar, and his present firm, known under the 
style of Prefontaine, Archer and Perron, has one of 
the largest practices in the city of Montreal. He was 
created a Queen's Council in 1893. 

At a very early age he became powerfully attract- 
ed to public affairs. His first appearance as a candi- 
date for the suffrages of the electorate was in 1875, 
when he accepted the Liberal nomination for the Que- 
bec Legislature in his native County of Chambly, just 
across the St. Lawrence from the City of Montreal. 
He won his first election in spite of overwhelming 
odds, and was making quite a mark for himself in the 
Legislature when defeated on coming up for re-elec- 
tion at the general election of 1878. The successful 
candidate was, however, unseated, and at the bye-elec- 
tion to fill the vacancy, in June, 1879, Mr. Prefontaine 
was re-elected. General elections occurred frequent- 
ly in those days. There was one in 1881. The Con- 
servative Government swept all before them, and Mr. 
Prefontaine was among the defeated. 

In 1879 ne was elected a councillor of the then 
town of Hochelaga, the principal East-end suburb of 
Montreal. Mr. Prefontaine at once pronounced 
himself in favor of a progressive policy, and set him- 
self at work to have it adopted and carried out. And 
he succeeded, new streets being opened, sewers con 
structed, manufacturing industries encouraged, and so 



on. Hochelaga developed by bounds under the im 
pulse of the enterprising municipal administration. 
He saw that the best assurance of Hochelaga's future 
lay in annexation to the City of Montreal, persisted in 
an annexation policy and had the satisfaction of see- 
ing the union consummated in 1884. He was at that 
time and had been for several years previously. Mayor 
of Hochelaga, and when the suburban municipality 
became Hochelaga Ward of the City of Montreal, he 
was sent to the City Council as one of its aldermen. 
He represented the Ward continuously until February, 
1898, when he was elected Mayor of Montreal by ac- 
clamation. He was re-elected by an overwhelming 
majority in 1900. and withdrew voluntarily, refusing 
a nomination tendered him in 1902. Meantime, Mr. 
Prefontaine had been making his mark in national 
politics. In the midst of the excitement of Louis 
Kiel, after the Northwest Rebellion, the Government 
of Sir John A. Macdonald opened Hochelaga County, 
apparently to test its strength. Mr. Prefontaine was 
chosen as the Liberal standard bearer and a close and 
bitter campaign resulted. The eyes of Canada were 
turned upon Hochelaga and .Mr. Prefontaine's de- 
cisive victory at the polls created a profound impres- 
sion throughout Canada. He was re-elected at the 
general elections of 1887 and 1890, and at the general 
elections of 1896 was elected first member for the new 
constituency of Maisonneuve, which formed part 
of Hochelaga County. His majority was I s~o. At 
the general elections of Hpo lie was again re-elected 
by the tremendous majority of 1774. In the same 
elections he was Liberal candidate in Terrebonne 
County, hitherto a strong Conservative stronghold, 
defeating his opponent at the polls and thus being 
elected to the House of Commons from two con- 
stituencies, and having more votes cast for him than 
any other candidate in the whole Dominion of 
Canada. 

When a reconstruction of the Laurier cabinet was 
necessitated by the resignation of the Hon. J. I. Tarte 
in November, 1903, Sir Wilfrid selected Mr. Prefon- 
taine as a minister, and he was sworn of the Privy 
Council as Minister of Marine and Fisheries, Novem- 
ber nth. 



15 



SIR H, MONTAGU ALLAN. 



Sir Hugh Montagu Allan, Montreal, was born at 
Montreal, in 1860, being- the second son of the late 
Sir Hugh Allan, founder of the Montreal Ocean 
Steamship Company, owners of the Allan Line of 
Steamers. 

Mr. Allan was educated at Bishops College School, 
Lennoxville, and under the terms of his late father's 
will, entered the firm of H. & A. Allan on attaining 
his majority, lie is now one of the senior members 
of the firm. Mr. Allan is an active member of the 
Montreal Hoard of Trade and was for several years 
a member of the Council of that body, and an office 
bearer. He is President of the Merchants Rank of 
Canada, the Acadia Coal Company, the Canadian Rub- 
ber Company, the Canada Paper Company, the Rail- 
way Securities Company ; and Director of the Mon- 
treal Rolling .Mills Company, the Montreal Street 
Railway Company, the Montreal Light, Heat & Power 
Company, the Ogilvie Flour Mills Company, (Ltd.), 



the Canadian Transfer Company, and the Labrador 
Company. 

Mr. Allan has for some years occupied a leading 
position in the social life of Montreal. He is an ex- 
master of the Montreal Hunt, and Vice-President of 
the Montreal Racquet Club. He is also a Director 
of the Montreal Sailors' Institute, and a member of 
the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. 

( ktober, 1893, Mr. Allan was married to Mar- 
guerite Ethel, daughter of the late Hector Mackenzie, 
of Montreal, merchant. Mr. Allan is a member of 
the St. James Club, Mount Royal Club, and Hunt 
Club, Montreal; Forest and Stream Club, Dorval ; 
Toronto Club, Toronto ; Rideau Club, Ottawa ; Mani- 
toba Club, Winnipeg ; Knickerbocker Club, New 
York ; Junior Carlton Club, London, England. 

Mr. Allan was created a Knight Bachelor by His 
Majesty King Edward VII., on the ocasion of His 
Majesty's official birthday celebration, June 24th, 
1904. 



16 




r- 




-^ = /fc*f 




HON. WILLIAM OWENS. 



The Honourable William Owens, Montreal, mem- 
ber of the Senate of the Dominion of Canada, was 
born May I5th, 1840, in the township of Chatham, 
Argenteuil County, Que. His father, Owen Owens, 
of Denbigh, Wales, came to Canada in 1812. The 
Carillon and Grenville Canals were then being built 
by the Imperial Government, and those works 
attracted him to the section where he settled, in 
the Township of Chatham. He entered into busi- 
ness as a general merchant and soon became a 
leading man in the district, holding the positions of 
Postmaster, Councillor, School Commissioner, etc. 
During the troublous times of the rebellion of 1837- 
1838 he took an active part against the rebels. He 
retired from business in 1861. Mr. William Owens' 
mother's name was Charlotte Lindley. and she was 
born in Yorkshire, England. 

Mr. Owens was educated in Argenteuil County, 
entering his father's store early in life. In 1861 his 
brother, Thomas, and he took over their father's busi- 
ness, which they extended and carried on successfully 
in connection with their lumber business, under the 
first name of T. and W. Owens. In 1887, Mr. Owens 
retired from the business, which has since been car- 
ried on under the name of T. Owens and Sons. In 
1888 he purchased from the estate of the Hon. L. J. 
Papineau, all the unconceded land in the Papineau 
Seignory, comprising 130 square miles, an area rich 
in timber and minerals, and in which he still retains 
a half interest. 

Mr. Owens, being at once popular and public 
spirited, has played quite a conspicuous part in the 



public affairs. He was for years Councillor and 
.Mayor of the Township of Chatham, Argenteuil 
County. During the Fenian excitement of 1866 he- 
joined Lieut. -Colonel Cushing, in raising a company 
of the nth Argenteuil Rangers, and in 1870 proceed- 
ed on active service with that battalion with the rank 
of lieutenant. 

In 1 88 1 he was elected to represent Argenteuil 
County in the Quebec Legislature, as a Conservative, 
defeating the lion. Frank Ciilman, Liberal. In 1886 
he was re-elected by acclamation, and in 1900 was 
again re-elected, this time defeating Mr. W. A. Weir. 
In icjoi he resigned his seat in the Legislature and 
contested Argenteuil in the Conservative interest for 
the House of Commons, being defeated by the late 
Dr. Christie. He was appointed to the Senate in 
1896. 

Since retiring from active business Senator Owens 
has resided in Montreal during the winter months, 
but spends the greater part of the summer at Monte- 
bello, where he has an extensive dairy farm and a 
splendid herd of Ayrshire cattle. 

In 1862 Mr. Owen married Catherine Matilda 
Powers, daughter of Orlando Powers, of Lachute, 
there being issue of the union one daugh.er, Catherine 
Mana Owens, now wife of Mr. F. S. Maclennan, 
K.C., of Montreal. In 180.0 Mr. Owens married 
Margaret Caroline AfcMartin, daughter of the late 
John McMartin, formerly of Montreal, and of this 
union there has been issue one daughter, Willa Mei'k 
Owens, and one son, William Earl Foster Owens. 



17 



HON. L. P. PELLETIER. 



The Honorable Louis Phillippe Pelletier, K.C., 
was born at Trois Pristoles, Que., in 1857, his parents 
being' the Hon. Thomas P. Pelletier, Legislative Coun- 
cillor, and Caroline Casault, his wife. His ancestors 
were of Mreton origin, and came to Canada during the 
French regime. He is a nephew of Sir L. N. Casault, 
Chief Justice of the Superior Court, and of the late 
Rev. L. Jacques Casault, founder of Laval University. 
He was educated at the Ste. Ann de la Pocatiere Col- 
lege and Laval University, Quebec, graduating from 
the last named institution of learning with the degree 
of Pi. A., in 1876. Taking up the course of the faculty 
of Law in the same university, he graduated therefrom 
in 1880 with the degree of L.L.D., and honors, and 
winning the gold medal offered by the Marquis of 
Lome and Princess Louise. He was called to the 
Bar at Quebec the same year and has practiced his 
profession in that district ever since, he being at the 
present time head of the well-known firm of Pelletier, 
Drouin & I'aillargion. For several years he acted 
with marked success as one of the Crown Prosecutors 
of the District of Quebec, and was created Queen's 
Counsel in 1893. 

Mr. Pelletier has had a particularly active political 
life. Tn his youth a fervent Conservative, he found 
time even in the earlv days of his professional practice 
to devote considerable attention to politics, and was 
active in the election work, and among the party clubs 
of Quebec City and District. As an acknowledge- 
ment of his work and talents, he was elected President 
of the Cartier Club, which position he held until its 
disorganization in 1886. About this time the alleg- 
i-incc of Mr. Pelletier to his party, as that of thousands 
of other sincere voung French Canadian Conserva- 
tives, was strained to the breaking point by the execu- 
tion of Louis "Rid, the leader of the Northwest Half- 
Pireeds. At this trying time, when nationalist spirit 
was stirred to its depths, Mr. Pelletier gave in his ad- 
hesion to the new national Conservative party, 
taking a leading place therein, and eventually suc- 
ceeding the late Senator Trudel as President 
of the National Conservative Association of the 
Province of Quebec. He was associated with the 
late Colonel Amyot, M.P., in the establishment 
at Quebec of "La Justice," and was for some 
years one of that paper's leading editors. While 
the so-called Riel excitement was at its height 
he presented himself unsuccessfully as a candidate in 
Temiscouata at the Provincial general elections of 
1886. At the Dominion General Elections the fol- 



lowing year he presented himself in Three Rivers as 
a candidate for the House of Commons, again unsuc- 
cessfully. May nth, 1888, he was appointed a mem- 
ber of the Legislative Council by the Hon. Honore 
Mercier, then Provincial Premier, but a few months 
later he resigned to accept the national conserva- 
tive nomination for the Legislature for Dorchester 
County, being elected by acclamation Decem- 
ber 2Oth, 1888. He has represented Dorchester 
in the Legislature ever since, being re-elected 
at the general elections of 1890, 1892, 1897 
and 1900. At first an ally and powerful sup- 
porter of the Mercier Administration, he, with 
others of the Government's national-conservative sup- 
porters, towards the end of the administration, felt 
compelled to secede from Mr. Mercier's extravagant 
leadership, and supported the movement which result- 
ed in the dismissal of the Mercier Government from 
power December ifith, 1891, Upon the formation of 
a Cabinet by the Hon. C. B. De Boucherville, to 
whom his Honor, the Lieutenant-Governor, en- 
trusted the reins of power, Mr. Pelletier was en- 
trusted with the portfolio of Provincial Secretary, 
which he retained after the re-organization of the 
Cabinet by the Hon. L. O. Taillon, December i6th, 
1892. Upon the transfer of the premiership from 
the Hon. Mr. Taillon to the Hon. E. J. Flynn, May 
ist, 1896, Mr. Pelletier accepted the portfolio of 
Attorney-General, retaining it until the defeat of 
the Government at the polls, May nth, 1897. 

Since the Liberals regained power, Mr. Pelletier 
has been one of the most aggressive and effective 
leaders of the Conservative Opposition in the Legisla- 
ture, a position for which he is eminently suited by 
reason of his untiring energy and keen debating ca- 
pacity. 

Mr. Pelletier was married January nth, 1883, to 
Adele, daughter of the late Simon Lelievre, advocate, 
of Quebec. 

Last year Laval University conferred upon him the 
degree of L.L.D. Mr. Pelletier has been retained in 
nearly all the celebrated cases before the courts in 
this district. 

He is the legal advisor of the People's Bank of 
Halifax, the Hochelaga Bank, the Manufacturer's Life 
Insurance Company, the Canadian Electric Light 
Company, the Provincial Bank, and a number of im- 
portant commercial corporations. 

Mr. Pelletier is a member of the Garrison Club. 



18 



HON. LYMAN MELVIN JONES. 



The President and General Manager of the Massey- 
Harris Company, Limited, of Toronto , which enjoys 
the unique distinction of being the largest concern en- 
gaged in the manufacture of agricultural implements 
under the British flag, is the Hon. Lynian Melvin- 
Jones, Senator. He was born in York County, Out. 
In 1868 he entered into the mercantile business. In 
1873 he gave up his business, going to Brantford 
to take a position with Messrs. A. Harris, Son & Com- 
pany, manufacturers. Four years later he was admit- 
ted to partnership, and in 1879 he removed to Winni- 
peg, where he assumed the management of the Com- 
pany's business in Manitoba and the North-West Ter- 
ritories. In 1881, when the firm of A. Harris, Son & 
Company became a joint stock company under the 
name of A. Harris, Son & Company, Limited, he 
was elected a director. In 1886, he was elected an 
alderman of the City of Winnipeg and appointed 
Chairman of the Finance Committee. He was elected 
Mayor of that city in 1887, and was Vice- 1 'resident 
of the Board of Trade. He was re-elected Mayor 
both years by acclamation, and in January of that 
year, upon the defeat of the Provincial Government, 
he accepted a portfolio in the new Government as 
Provincial Treasurer, and represented the County of 
Shoal Lake. During the year he negotiated in Lon- 
don, Eng., for the first Provincial loan of $1,500,000 
to build a competing line of railway from the 
boundary (where it connected with the Northern 
Pacific), to Winnipeg, Brandon and Portage-la- 
Prairie. In the general election of 1888, he was 
elected to represent North Winnipeg. 

Resigning his position of Provincial Treasurer in 
1889, but retaining his seat in the Legislature until the 
end of the term, he returned to the City of Brantford 
to accept the position of General Manager of his Com- 
pany, which had been rendered vacant by the sudden* 
death of Mr. John Harris. 

Upon the formation of the Massey-Harris Com- 
pany. Limited in 1891, Senator Melvin-Jones removed 



to Toronto, was elected a director and appointed gen- 
eral manager of the consolidated companies, which 
position he occupied until 1903, when he was also 
elected President and General Manager of the com- 
pany. In 1893 he became a member of the Toronto 
Board of Trade, lie is a director of the Verity Plow 
Company, Limited, of Brantford, and is President of 
the Bain Wagon Company, Limited, of Woodstock, 
and in both of these associate companies he takes an 
active interest. He is also a director of the Cana- 
dian Bank of Commerce,' Xova Scotia Steel and 
C'oal Co., Limited, and Ontario Jockey Club. 

Senator Melvin-Jones is a member of the Toronto 
Club, the National Club, the Country and Hunt Club, 
the Royal Canadian Yacht Club, life member of the 
Toronto Cricket Club, lie has always shown a 
great interest and encouraged the practice and devel- 
opment of amateur sports. 

In 1882 Senator Melvin-Jones married Louise, a 
daughter of Thomas Irwin. They have one daughter; 
Eallien Necora. The Senator is a member of the 
Presbyterian Church. The Senator is possessed of 
unusual keen powers of observation and as head of a 
great industry in touch with all parts of the Dominion 
of Canada and all foreign grain growing countries, is 
exceptionally well posted regarding affairs both in 
Canada and foreign countries. This wide general 
knowledge, coupled to good judgment and lucidity of 
expression, makes his opinion on matters of general 
interest valuable and eagerly sought after. No other 
man in Canada has done so much to develop our 
manufacturing industries, not only for home, but 
in foreign countries, where through the introduction 
of their machinery the company, of which he is Presi- 
dent and General Manager, have made a name for 
themselves (and for Canada) unequalled by any 
other industry in the world. Altogether, he may 
well be considered among the most representative 
Canadians of his time. 



19 



JAMES CRATHERN. 



Mr. James Crathern, merchant, No. 22 Macgregor 
Street, Montreal, formerly head of the great hardware 
firm of Crathern and Caverhill, is one of Montreal's 
representative men. He is an ex-President of the 
Montreal Board of Trade, and at present occupies a 
seat on the Montreal Harbor Commission as a repre- 
sentative of that important body. 

He is closely identified with the administration of 
many of the country's most influential commercial cor- 
porations, being President of the Merchant's Cotton 



Company and the Royal Victoria Life Insurance Com- 
pany, and a Director of the Canadian Bank of Com- 
merce, the St. Lawrence Sugar Refining Company, 
the National Trust Company, and the Consumer's Cor- 
dage Company. 

Mr. Crathern has for many years taken an active 
interest in the work of the Montreal General Hospital 
and other city charities, and is at the present time 
President of the important institution mentioned. 



20 



HON. THOMAS CHASE-CASGRAIN. 



The Honorable Thomas Chase-Casgrain, K.C., 
L L.D., M.P., for Montmorency, was born at Detroit, 
Mich., U.S.A., July 28th, 1852. His parents were 
the Honorable C. E. Casgrain, M.D., of Windsor, Out., 
Member of the Senate of Canada, and a descendant 
of one of the oldest French-Canadian families, and 
Charlotte Mary Chase, his wife. Mr. T. Chase-Cas- 
grain received his education at the Seminary of Que- 
bec, and Laval University, Quebec, graduating from 
the last named institution with the degree of Master 
of Laws, siimma cum laudc, and taking the Dufferin 
medal. He at once entered upon the practice of his 
profession in Quebec. He was granted the degree 
of Doctor of Law by his alma mater October I3th, 
1883, and has for some years held a chair in the fac- 
ulty as Professor of Criminal Law. He was appoint- 
ed Queen's Council in April, 1887, and represented the 
Crown during several terms of the Court of Queen's 
Bench, at Quebec. As junior counsel for the Crown 
at the trials of Louis Kiel and the rebels at Regina, 
N.W.T., in July, 1885, his name came prominently be- 
fore the people of Canada. He received the high 
destination of election to the office of Batonnier-Gen- 
eral of the Bar of the Province of Quebec in 1894, and 
from 1893 to 1897 held the appointment of Chairman 
of the Commission to revise the Code of Procedure 
in the Province of Quebec. At the present time he 



is a member of two distinct influential law firms : 
"McGibbon, Casgrain, Ryan & Mitchell," Montreal ; 
and "Casgrain, Lavery, Rivard and Chauveau," Que- 
bec. Fie has resided in Montreal for several years. An 
ardent Conservative, and possessed of fine oratorical 
powers, combined with the talents of wit, repartee and 
fine sarcasm, it was but natural that he should take to 
and make a mark in the political arena. He sat in the 
Legislative Assembly of the Province of Quebec from 
the general elections of 1886 until May, 1896, \vhen 
he resigned to accept nomination to the Dominion 
House of Commons. 

He was appointed member of the Executive Coun- 
cil of the Province of Quebec December 2Oth, 1891, 
becoming Attorney-General in the l)e Boucherville 
administration. He was subsequently alloted the 
same portfolio in the Taillon administration. He 
was elected to the House of Commons in Mont- 
morency in 1896, and re-elected at the general 
election of 1900. 

May 151)1, 1878, he was married to Marie Louise, 
daughter of Alex. LeMoine, Esq., Quebec, and they 
have one son, Alexander Chase-Casgrain. 

The Hon. T. Chase-Casgrain is a member of the 
Garrison Club, Quebec ; the St. James Club, Montreal ; 
and the Rideau Club, Ottawa. 



21 



ARTHUR J, HODGSON, 



Mr. Arthur J. Hodgson, merchant, Montreal, 
President of the firm of Hodgson Brothers, Limited, 
Produce and Commission merchants, was born in 
Birkcnhead, England, in 1860, and educated at the 
Liverpool Institute, Mount Pleasant. L : pon the com- 
pletion of his education, he entered the service of the 
great Liverpool produce house of Hodgson Bros., 
established by his father in 1856. The Liver- 
pool house established a branch here in 1874, and 
the firm of Hodgson Brothers is the successor of the 
business thus established, and the oldest in the trade. 
The present members of the Canadian firm are Mr. 
Arthur J. Hodgson, and his brother Mr. Henry A. 
Hodgson. The latter came to Montreal in 1874 to 
assume charge of the Canadian business, and is an 
active and well-known citizen of Montreal, who has 
held various positions of honor, including that of 
President of the St. George's Society. 

Mr. Arthur J. Hodgson, held most of the posi- 
tions connected with the English business until 1885, 
when he came to Montreal to join his brother, owing 
to the prospects of increasing prosperity in Canada. 
In 1891 it was decided, owing to the difficulty of the 
Canadian branch competing for the custom of other 
Liverpool merchants outside of the home firm, to make 



the branch at Montreal a separate and distinct busi- 
ness. Accordingly the brothers, Henry and Arthur 
Hodgson, retired from their partnership in the Eng- 
lish firm, and succeeded to the entire ownership and 
control of the present Canadian house. The wisdom 
of the policy of this arrangement has been amply 
proven by the steady growth taking place each year 
since the change in the Canadian business, the turn- 
over increasing from $1,500,000 during the year pro- 
ceeding the change to nearly $5,000,000 for the year 
succeeding. The firm has a special agent in Win- 
nipeg, and has also branches at Stratford, London, 
Xapanee, Belleville, Brockville, St. Hyachinthe and 
Charlottetown. 

Mr. Arthur J. Hodgson is a very active and pro- 
minent member of the Montreal Board of Trade, after 
serving two years as a member of the council, being 
elected and serving successively as Treasurer, second 
Vice-President and President. He occupied the last 
named important office at the time of the holding of 
the fifth Congress of the Chambers of Commerce of 
the Empire in Montreal, in 1903, the position impos- 
ing many responsible duties upon him, which he dis- 
charged with conspicuous success. 



NOEL GEORGE LAMBERT MARSHALL, 



One of the most prominent merchants in the city of 
Toronto, Noel George Lambert Marshall, was born /in 
London, England, coming with his parents to Canada 
in 1857. His father, Kenric R. Marshall, who was a 
brilliant linguist, established an academy in Toronto, 
and, subsequently, for many years, was one of the lead- 
ing teachers of languages in the High Schools of the 
city. Noel Marshall, after completing his education, 
entered the employ of L. Coffee & Company, remain- 
ing with that firm for three years. He then obtained 
a position with George Chaffey & Brothers, coal mer- 
chants, and gained a thorough and expert knowledge 
of the fuel industry in all its branches, and has ever 
since been engaged therein. He is the President 
and General Manager of the Standard Fuel Company, 
of Toronto, Limited, of No. 90 King street East, which 
was incorporated in 1888, and, indeed, has been man- 
ager of that well-known enterprise from the first incep- 
tion of its now extensive business. 

In connection with his association with the fuel in- 
dustry, Mr. Marshall earned the gratitude of his fellow 
citizens, by being actively concerned during the winter 
of 1902-1903, when the coal famine was raging over 
the North American Continent, in keeping down the 
prices as low as possible, the poorer classes especially 
looking upon him as a public benefactor in that time of 
misfortune. His philanthropic efforts in this direc- 



tion have been undoubtedly, if unexpected, rewarded, 
by the rapid expansion of the business interests of the 
company which he manages. 

Mr. Marshall has always taken a keen interest in 
the prosperity of the city of Toronto, is a member of 
the Council of the Hoard of Trade, and was a member 
of the Toronto School Hoard, being Chairman of the 
Night School Committee. He is President of the 
Faramel Feed Company. 

Noel Marshall is an important figure in Toronto 
Society. He is President of the .National Club, a life 
member of the St. George's Society, a member of the 
Albany, Royal Canadian Yacht. Toronto Country and 
Hunt, and Caledon Fishing Clubs, and the Kuffalo 
Club. He has always been an active participant in 
the sports of yachting, fishing, cricket, lacrosse, was an 
oarsman in his time of no small merit, and, in fact, is 
a staunch supporter of athletics and all manly outdoor 
sports. 

For twenty years Xoel Marshall has been a 
church-warden of St. Matthew's Church, Toronto, 
having assisted in laying the corner stone of the 
edifice, and was one of its founders. On the loth 
of December, 1879, he was married to a daughter of 
John Hogg, J.P., and has two sons: Kenric R.. and 
Noel Clifford Marshall. His residence is at No. 623 
Sherbourne street. 



23 



HON. JOHN CHARLES McCORKILL, ICC 



The Honorable John Charles McCorkill, King's 
Counsel and Provincial Treasurer of the Province of 
Quebec, was born at Farnham, P.Q., August 3ist, 
1854. His father, the late Robt. McCorkill, who died 
June, 1874, was a country gentleman, having no 
occupation, who assisted in organizing the Goth Mis- 
sisquoi Uattalion after the Fenian Raid of 1866. He 
was appointed captain of No. 4 Company, with head- 
quarters at Farnham, and was present with his com- 
pany at Fccles Hill, Fenian Raid of 1870. He moved 
his family to Montreal in 1866, to give his three sons 
the advantages of a better education than the school 
at Farnham afforded. The Hon. Mr. McCorkill's 
mother, whose maiden name was Margaret Meighan, 
died at Farnham in October, 1888. His paternal 
grandfather, John McCorkill, and wife, Mary Graham, 
immigrated from Glasgow, Scotland, about 1818, and 
lived a short time at Mount Johnson, County of Iber- 
ville, and at Chambly, and then took up land at 
Farnham on the banks of the Yamaska (where Dr. 
R. C. McCorkill, grandson, now resides), and was one 
of the pioneers of that locality, and erected the third 
house at what is now known as the town of Farnham. 
He died about 1834. His maternal grandfather, Wil- 
liam Meighan, died in north of Ireland. His widow, 
Jane Breakey and family, immigrated to Canada and 
settled in the Eastern Townships, a short distance from 
Farnham. Part of the family afterwards removed to 
the United States. 

Hon. Mr. McCorkill was educated at the Farnham 
District School and Academy ; the St. John's, P. Q. 
High School, the McGill Model School and Normal 
School, Montreal, and at McGill University, Montreal, 
graduating from the last named institution of learn- 
ing with the degree of B.C.L. in April, 1877. During 
two years of his law course at McGill, he engaged in 
educational work in Montreal, as first assistant in the 
Royal Arthur School from 1st of October to Christmas 
holidays, 1874; and as principal of the British & 
Canadian School (14 teachers and 500 scholars) from 
January, 1875, to June, 1876, under the Protestant 
board of school commissioners. 

Mr. McCorkill was admitted to the Bar of ihe 
Province of Quebec, in January, 1878, and practised 
law in Montreal until the autumn of 1886. He has 
practised law continuously at Cowansville or Sweets- 



burg (which are adjacent villages) since May, 1888, 
and has been connected with some of the most impor- 
tant cases, criminal, civil and municipal, in that dis- 
trict, since that time. He took silk in 1898. He ii 
the owner of extensive properties in the town and 
township of Farnham, and occupies an extensive resi- 
dential property in Cowansville, which is admitted to 
be one of the finest in the Eastern Townships. 

Mr. McCorkill was Liberal candidate in the Pro- 
vincial election, October 1886, against E. E. Spencer, 
the retiring member in the County of Missisquoi. He 
was then a resident of Montreal, and was defeated by 
105 majority. He was again a candidate against 
Spencer in the bye-election of 1888, and again defeated 
by 91. He then organized the Liberal Association, of 
Missisquoi, and was elected president, since which 
time he has continued to be president and direct the 
organization of the party. He was elected in the 
Provincial elections, 1897, over his old opponent E. 
E. Spencer, by 405 majority. Ht resigned his seat 
in the Assembly to accept a seat in the Legislative 
Council as successor to the late Hon. Thomas Wood 
for the District of Bedford, November, 1898, and 
took an active part in all legislation which Cf.me before 
the council. Upon the death of the late Hon. H. 
Thomas Duffy, Provincial Treasurer, he was offered 
the treasurership and the Liberal nomination ; n 
Brome. He resigned his seat in the council, and was 
elected member for Brome by 338 majority over 
David A. Manson, Conservative on the 2gth of 
October, 1903. 

Mr. McCorkill accepted a commission in the 5th 
Battalion Royal Scots of Canada, Montreal, April, 
1879, anf l rosc to ran k f niajor, being senior major, 
when he retired November, 1887, retaining rank. He 
is president of the Amalgamated Rifle Associations 
(six in number), of the District of Bedford, whose 
annual matches take place at Sweetsburg. 

May 2 ist, 1884, he married Apphia Mary Leonard, 
youngest daughter of the late Honorable Senator 
Leonard, of London, Ont. Mr. McCorkill is a mem- 
ber of the Garrison Club, Quebec ; the Canadian Order 
of Foresters and the Independent Order of Odd- 
fellows. Mr. McCorkill was mayor of Cowansville 
for several years, resigning in January, 1897. 



24 



LOUIS ALEX ANDRE TASCHEREAU, 



Mr. Louis Alexandre Taschereau, M.L.A., of Que- 
bec, advocate, was born in the city of Quebec, March 
5th, 1867, his father being the Hon. Jean Thomas Tas- 
chereau, Judge of the Supreme Court of Canada, and 
time Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of Quebec. 
Mr. Taschereau belongs to one of the most eminent 
French-Canadian families in the province of Quebec, a 
family which has provided Church and State with 
some of their most distinguished men and brightest 
ornaments. His ancestors came to Canada from Tours, 
France, and he is a brother of Judge Henri T. Tasche- 
reau of the Superior Court, Montreal, a nephew of the 
late Cardinal Taschereau, and a cousin of Sir Henri 
Elzear Taschereau, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court 
of Canada. 

Mr. Taschereau was educated at the Quebec Semin- 
ary and Laval University, where he had the distinction 
of winning medals offered by Lord Stanley of Preston, 
at the time Governor-General of Canada ; Lieut. -Gov- 
ernor Angers and Judge Tessier. He was admitted to 
the Bar in 1889, and entered into partnership with the 



Hon. C. Fitzpatrick, now Minister of Justice of Can- 
ada. The firm is now Fitzpatrick, Parent, Taschereau, 
Roy & Cannon. The Hon. S. N. Parent is, at the pre- 
sent time, Prime .Minister of the Province of Quebec, 
and has been for many years mayor of the city of Que- 
bec. This firm occupies a commanding position at the 
Quebec liar, representing various leading banks and 
commercial corporations, such as the Hank of Mont- 
real, the Molsons l>ank, etc. Mr. Taschereau has a 
large personal practice in both the civil and criminal 
courts, his marked success as counsel for Messrs. 
Gaynor and Greene in the historical extradition pro- 
ceedings being still fresh in the minds of all Canadians. 
Mr. Taschereau is a Liberal in politics, and since 
December, 1900, when he defeated his opponent, Mr. 
E. Bouffard, by 61 1 majority, he has representel the 
county of Montmorency in the Quebec Legislature. 
He was married May 26th, 1891, to Miss Adine 
Dionne, of Quebec, and their family consists of five 
children, Paul, Robert, Gabrielle Charles and Juliette. 



'25 



SAMUEL CARSLEY, 



Samuel Carsley, the founder of the great down- 
town departmental dry goods business, now known as 
the S. Carsley Company (Limited), Montreal, and 
which business ranks among the largest of its kind in 
Canada, was born in Shropshire, England, coming to 
Canada in the year 1857. 

Mr. Carsley was apprenticed to the dry goods trade 
when a mere lad in the market town of Ellsmere, and 
thus begun a training in this line, which was continued 



for a few years in the great centres of Liverpool, Man- 
chester and London, before embarking for Canada. 
Nearly fifty years spent in this country has resulted 
the immense mercantile house situated on Notre 



in 



Dame, St. James and St. Peter streets, Montreal, which 
is so well-known throughout the entire country. 

Mr. Carsley, about two years ago, relinquished the 
active management of the business to his sons, but still 
remains a director of the company. 



24 



JOHN HOSKIN, K.C, LL.D. 



An eminent member of the Chancery Bar in To- 
ronto, few lawyers in Canada are more widely known 
than John Hoskin, K.C., LL.D., D.C.L. He was 
born at Holsworthy, Devonshire, England, in 
May, 1836, and received his education in the 
English metropolis. Coming to Canada in 1^54, 
he was called to the Bar in 1863, and has 
ever since practised law in Toronto. He is the senior 
member of the firm of McCarthy, Osier, Hoskin & 
Harcourt, having been a partner therein since 1877. 
When a law student John Hoskin had the advantage 
of studying in the office of the following eminent 
members of the Ontario Bar, the late Robert Ar- 
mour, the late Chief Justice Sir Matthew Cameron, 
the late Chief Justice Sir George Burton and the Right 
Honorable Sir Henry Strong, lately Chief Justice of 
the Supreme Court. From 1874 to November, 1902, 
Mr. Hoskin held the office of Guardian ad litem and 
official Guardian of Infants for the Province of Onta- 
rio, and resigning the office at the latter date, the Gov- 
ernment appointed him Advisory Counsel to his suc- 
cesor. In 1873 John Hoskin was created Queen's 
Counsel by the Earl of Duffern, and was first elected 
a Bencher of the Law Society, 1876. He is a Senator 



of Toronto University (Hon. LL.D., 1889), am ' was 
elected Chairman of the Board of Trustees of that in- 
stitution, vice Hon. E. Blake on his appointment as 
Chancellor in 1892. He was, however, an unsuccess- 
ful candidate in 1895 for the Vice-Chancellorship of 
Toronto University. 

Mr. Hoskin is intimately connected with numerous 
financial and mercantile corporations, being on the 
directorate of the Canada Life Assurance Company, 
of the Bank of Commerce and of the ISritish American 
Assurance Company, a Vice-President of the Canada 
Landed and National Investment Company, and Presi-, 
dent of the Toronto General Trust Corporation. He 
has been authoritatively described as a man of great 
business experience, fine ability and good judgment. 

Mr. Hoskin takes the deepest interest in all works 
of a charitable and philanthropic character. He is a 
member of the Toronto Club, and of the Grosvenor 
Club, London. England. 

In 1866 John Hoskin married Mary Agnes, daugh- 
ter of the late Walter Mackenzie, Barrister-at-Law, of 
Castle Frank, Toronto. He resides at the Dale, To- 
ronto. 



HON. LOMER GOUIN, ICC 



The Honorable Lomer Gouin, K.C., 28 St. Denis 
Street, Montreal, Advocate and Minister of Coloniza- 
tion and Public Works for the Province of Quebec, 
was born at Grondines, Que., March iQth, 1861, his 
father being- N. Gouin, M.D., a well-known local 
practitioner. 

Mr. Gouin's classical studies were made at the 
Sorel and Lcvis colleges ; his law studies in Montreal, 
first under Mr., afterwards Sir J. J. C. Abbott, Q.C., 
and then under Hon. R. Laflame, former Minister of 
Justice. His first partnership after being; admited 
to the Bar in January, 1884, was with the present 
Judge Pagnuelo and the Hon. L. O. Taillon. He 
has since been associated with the Hon., now Judge 
Robidoux, Mr., now Hon. Raymond Prefontaine, the 
late E. N. Saint-Jean, Q.C., the late Hon. Honore 
Mercier, Mr. Rodolphc Lemieux, M.P., and Mr. 
Evariste Brassard, the firm's name now being Gouin, 
Lemieux & Brassard. 

Mr. Gouin soon made a mark for himself at the 
Bar, especially in railway and election cases. He 
has frequently appeared in important cases for such 
influential corporations as the Grand Trunk Railway, 
the Montreal and Chaplain Railway Company, the 
Beauharnois Railway Company, the Chateauguay 
Northern Ry. Co., and the Montreal Terminal Rail- 
way Co., invariably with credit to himself. 

A strong liberal, and possessed of a good command 
of language and close r easoning capacity, he was, 
while yet a young man, drawn into the whirl of poli- 
tics, and figured conspicuously in the work of the lib- 
eral clubs of Montreal district. In 1891, he was ten- 
dered and accepted the nomination to contest the 



County of Richelieu in the Liberal interest against 
Sir Hector Langevin, the then Minister of Public 
Works, who defeated him by a narrow majority. In 
the general elections of 1897, as the party candidate 
for the Provincial Legislature in Montreal, No. 2 Di- 
vision (St. Jamesj, he was elected by a round majority 
over Mr. Auger, M.P.P., which seat he has held ever 
since. 

In February, 1900, Mr. Gouin was elected to a 
seat in the Montreal City Council as alderman for the 
East Ward, but resigned a few months later upon re- 
ceiving the portfolio of Public Works in the Parent 
administration, to which the oortfolio of Colonization 
was added the next year. His official work has been 
characterized by the exercise of sound common sense, 
while his special talent as a cool, capable debater, has 
been a great strength to the government on the floor 
of the Legislature and in electoral contests. 

Mr. Gouin has been a member of the Catholic sec- 
tion of the Council of Public Instruction for three 
years. One of his latest legislative achievements 
was having the age-limit for admission to factory labor 
raised from 12 to 13 years. He has always been a 
forcible defender of Montreal's civic autonomy in the 
Quebec House. 

In 1888 Mr. Gouin was married to Eliza, daughter 
of the late Hon. Honore Mercier, and their surviv- 
ing family consists of two sons, Leon Mercier 
Gouin and Paul Gouin. 

Mr. Gouin is a member of the Club Canadien, 
Montreal, the St. Denis Club, Montreal, the Montreal 
Reform Club, and the Garrison Club, Quebec. 



28 



HUGH ANDREW ALLAN. 



Hugh Andrew Allan, the head of the firm of H. 
and A. Allan, the representatives of the famous Allan 
Steamship Line in Montreal, was born in that city on 
the 22nd September, 1857. He is the second son of 
of the late Andrew Allan, the former head of the 
firm, and President of the Merchants Bank of Canada, 
his grandfather being Captain Alexander Allan, the 
founder of the Allan Line. Hugh Andrew Allan was 
educated at the Merchiston Castle School, Edinburgh, 
and completed his studies at Rugby School, under 
those well-known head masters, Dr. Hayman and Dr. 
Jex. Blake. Returning to Canada Mr. Allan spent 
three years in the Merchants Bank of Canada, he then 
entered the offices of the Allan Line, working through 
every department and thoroughly mastering the ship- 
ping business in all its details. 

In 1880, when the firm opened branch offices in 
Boston, Massachusetts, Mr. H. A. Allan went to that 
city in the capacity of Assistant Manager, remaining 
there two years, then he resumed his duties at the 
Montreal headquarters. After marrying in Quebec 
in 1884, he returned to Boston in 1887, and assumed 
entire control of that branch. For five years he oc- 
cupied that position, until in 1892, he took charge of 
the business of this firm, which he still manages, in 
conjunction with his brother Andrew. Mr. H. A. 
Allan personally directs the London and Liverpool 
business of the Allan Company, Mr. Andrew Allan 
Superintending its Glasgow interests. 

The principal recreation of Hugh Andrew Allan 



in his leisure time, has ben fox-hunting, an expert 
horseman from boyhood, he takes a keen delight in 
horses and hounds. In 1879 he established the Ard- 
gowmi pack of fox-hounds, importing them from 
Kngland. He hunted this pack from Lachine over 
the western part of the island as far as St. Ann's. In 
connection with the Myopia Club of Boston, Mr. 
Alhn, in 1881, started a fine pack of hounds, hunting 
them from Winchester first, and subsequently from 
Wenham and Hamilton. Riding has always been the 
chief occupation of the leisure moments of Mr. Allan's 
life, snatched, as they are, from the hard routine of 
the heavy duties attached to his large business inter- 
ests, but he has always also been a hearty supporter 
of all manly outdoor exercises and sports. 

Mr. H. A. Allan is President of the Montreal Tele- 
graph Company, a director of the Merchants Bank of 
Canada, the Canada Paper Company, the Canadian 
Rubber Company, the Allan Line Steamship Company, 
and the Acadia Coal Company, Nova Scotia. He 
is a member of the Mount Royal Club, the St. James 
Club, the Forest and Stream, Racquet and Golf Clubs 
of Montreal, the Royal St. Lawrence Yacht Club, and 
the Garrison Club, of Quebec. 

In 1884, Hugh Andrew Allan married the daughter 
of William Rae, the representative of the Allan Line 
in Quebec, and has one child, Margaret Rachel Allan. 
He resides at 289 Stanley Street, Montreal, his county 
seat being at The Knoll, Point Claire. 



29 



HON. HORACE ARCHAMBEAULT, L.L.L., LL.D., K.G 



The Hon. Horace Archambcault, L.L.L., L L.D., 
K.C Speaker of the Legislative Council and Attorney 
General for the Province of Quebec, was born at L'As- 
somption, P.Q., March 6th, 1857, and was the son of 
the la<^ Hon. Louis Archambeault, formerly Commis- 
sioner of Public Works for the Province of Quebec in 
the Chauveau and Ouimet Governments, and Elizabeth 
Dugal, his wife. 

He was educated at L'Assomption College, and 
taking up the study of the law, followed the course at 
Laval University, Quebec, graduating with the degree 
of L.L.L. (summa cum laudc) in 1878, and taking the 
degree of L L.D. in course in 1886. He was called to 
the Bar in 1878, has since practiced his profession in 
Montreal, and is at the present time a member of the 
firm of Rainville, Archambeault, Gervais & Rainville. 

In 1 88 1, he was appointed Professor of Commer- 



cial and Maritime Law at Laval University, Montreal, 
and has retained that chair ever since. 

He was called to the Legislative Council of the 
Province, June 5, 1888, was appointed a Member of 
the Council of Public Instruction, 1890, and in the 
same year was created a Q.C. by the Earl of Derby. 

On the formation of Mr. Marchand's Administration 
in Quebec, May, 1897, Mr. Archambeault accepted 
office therein as Attorney-General, and again, in 1900, 
in Mr. Parent's Administration, he accepted the same 
office. He has thus held this office continuously since 
May, 1897, that being a longer continuous official 
career than any of his predecessors. He has also held 
for the same period of time the position of Speaker of 
the Legislative Council. 

In religion Mr. Archambeault is a Roman Catholic, 
politically, he is a Liberal. He married, September, 
1882, Lizzie, daughter of Roger Lelievre, of Quebec. 



:to 



HARVEY PRENTICE DWIGHT. 



The President of the Great North Western Tele- 
graph Company, Harvey Prentice Dwight, who has 
long been known as "The Father of Canadian Tele- 
graphy," is a splendid example of what determined 
hard work, perseverance and undaunted resolution 
can accomplish. He was born at Belleville, Jefferson 
County, New York, on December 23rd, 1828, his an- 
cestors being of New England extraction, and with no 
education save that obtainable at a backwoods country 
school, left home at the age of fifteen and spent three 
years in a small country store in ( )swego County, New 
V'ork. In 1847, tne vt ' ar of its inception he entered 
the service of the Montreal Telegraph Compam, 
serving first as operator at ISelleville, Out., and after- 
wards at Montreal. In 1850 he took charge of the 
Toronto office of the Company, and shortly afterwards 
was appointed General Western Superintendent. 
While acting in this capacity, extensions were proposed 
and carried out throughout the whole of Western On- 
tario under his direction. When an amalgamation of 
telegraph interests in the Dominion was brought about 
in 1881, and the lines of the Montreal and Dominion 
Telegraph Companies were merged under the charter 
of the Great North Western Telegraph Company, Air. 
Dwight was appointed General Manager of the com- 
bined system. He was elected President a few years 
later, and occupied both those offices until October. 
1903, when he retired from the General Managership 
of the Company, retaining the office of President. 

Thus for upwards of fifty-six years he has devoted 
his life to the advancement of the Canadian telegraph 
service, keeping it fully up to modern requirements, 
and furthering its extensions, until it has developed 
into the present existing system. To Mr. Dwight 



Canada undoubtedly owes its present scale of cheap 
telegraph rates. 

Mr. Dwight has necessarily avoided any associa- 
tion with politics, but on many occasions rendered ser- 
vices of the utmost importance to the Government of 
the country. During the Fenian Raid the distribution 
of operators along the various frontiers where trouble 
existed, or was threatened, was placed in his hands. 
During the North-West rebellion of 1885, he also ren- 
dered signal service to the Government along similar 
lines, his services in this connection being publicly 
acknowledged in Parliament by the Minister of Mili- 
tia. Aside from his connection with the telegraph 
service. Mr. Dwight is first Vice-President of the Can- 
adian General Electric Company. He was one of the 
pioneer promoters of electric lighting, and is a director 
of the Toronto and I ondon Electric Companies, Pres- 
ident of the Birkbeck Investment and Savings Company, 
Chairman of the Investigating Governors of the Royal 
Canadian Humane Association, and has identified him- 
self with the progress of Toronto, taking an active 
interest in the civic government of the city. 

His recreation has been in annual hunting and fish- 
ing visits to the Canadian woods in Northern Ontario 
and New Brunswick, and although in his seventy-fifth 
yc'ir, he is in vigorous health, and has apparently many 
years of useful life before him, for eventually a man 
of such restless energy, will undoubtedly die in harness. 
He encourages golf, being a member of the Lambton 
Golf Club, and he is also a member of the Toronto 
Club. 

On November 29th, 1876, Harvey Prentice Dwight 
married Miss Margaret Helliwell, of Toronto. His 
name will ever be indissolubly connected with the es- 
tablishment of land telegraphy in Canada. 



ROBERT BOWIE. 



Mr. Robert Bowie, Brewer, of Brockville, Ont, was 
born at London, Eng., in 1840. His father was Alli- 
son Bowie, who was born in Glasgow in 1811, and who 
came to Canada with his family in the service of the 
Imperial government in 1846, to open and take charge 
of the military prison on St. Helen's Island opposite 
Montreal. Mr. Allison Bowie held the position named 
until his death in 1852. His wife, Martha Grasby, 
mother of Mr. Robert Bowie, was born near Hull, 
Yorkshire, in 1818. After being educated at the High 
School of Montreal and the Montreal College, Mr. 
Robert Bowie proceeded to Brockville to enter a groc- 
ery house, serving three years to learn the trade. From 
that date he remained engaged in mercantile pursuits 
until 1880, when he entered into partnership in the 
brewery business in Brockville, of which he is now sole 
owner, though the active business management is in 
the hands of his son Allison. Mr. Bowie has always 
taken a very active interest in the municipal affairs of 



the Town of Brockville. He was for some years a 
member of the town council, and is at present chairman 
of the Light and Power Department. One of Mr. 
Bowie's principal accomplishments in municipal work 
was his being largely instrumental in securing control 
for the corporation, of the Brockville waterworks, 
which was only successful after many defeats and re- 
burfs. The project has already justified itself finan- 
cially, and can be quoted as a satisfactory test of the 
principle of municipal ownership. Mr. Bowie had the 
honor of being elected Mayor of Brockville in 1882. 

He was connected with the Active Militia force of 
Canada for seventeen years, retiring with the rank of 
Captain in A. Company, Brockville, at present No. i 
Company, 4ist Regiment. 

Mr. Bowie was married at Brockville in 1866 to 
Margaret E. McClean, and their family consists of two 
sons and four daughters. 



32 




1 




HUGH McLENNAN. 



Hugh McLennan was born in Glengarry, Ont, 
22nd of June, 1825, being the second son of John Mc- 
Lennan. He came to Montreal in 1842, and entered 
the firm of Scott & Shaw, hardware merchants. With 
this introduction to mercantile life he turned to trans- 
portation on the St. Lawrence, with which he remained 
identified during all his lifetime, forming in 1869 the 
Montreal Transportation Co., and he remained Presi- 
dent of this company until his death. In 1854 he joined 
his brother John in the grain export business, and they 
remained in partnership till 1866. During part of this 
time Hugh McLennan lived in Chicago, but returned 
to Montreal in the latter date, when 'his brother John 
retired from active business, and he carried on the 
gram export trade till the end of 1898. During his 



business career in .Montreal he was identified with 
many of the commercial interests of the City, serving 
his term as President of the Corn Kxchange and Board 
of Trade, and being the former body's representative 
on the Montreal Harbor Commission for twenty years. 
He was a Director of the ISank of Montreal, President 
of the Williams Manufacturing Co., Vice-President of 
the Montreal Rolling Mills, Canada Sugar Refining 
Co., The Montreal Gas Co.. and also a Director in var- 
ious other industrial corporations. He took a great 
interest in the McGill University, of which he was a 
Governor, and gave much of his time during the later 
years of his life to this body. He died suddenly on the 
2 ist November, 1899. 



33 



BARTLETT McLENNAN. 



.Mr. Hartlett McLennan, merchant, Montreal, was 
born in the Canadian commercial metropolis in 1868, 
being the youngest son of the late Hugh McLennan 
and Isabella Stewart, his wife. 

The name of the late Mr. Hugh McLennan will al- 
ways be intimately associated with the development 
of the inland carrying trade. He was the founder, 
and up to the time of his death, three years ago, Presi- 
dent of the Montreal Transportation Company. He 
was a native of Glengarry County, being born there in 
1825, and coming to Montreal in 1842, entering the 
service of a line of steamers then plying between Mon- 
treal and Kingston in the capacity of purser. He soon 
became freight agent and wharfinger for the company 
at Kingston, and the following year removed to Mon- 
treal in the same capacity. In 1853 he entered into 



partnership with his brother, Mr. John McLennan, and 
the firm carried on a grain and transportation business 
until 1867, when Mr. John McLennan retired. The 
transportation part of the firm's business extended and 
incorporated under the name of the Montreal Trans- 
portation Company. 

Mr. Bartlett McLennan was educated at Lyall's 
School, Montreal, and the Royal Military College, 
Kingston. After graduating from the last-named in- 
stitution, he entered his father's business and upon that 
gentleman's death succeeded him as President of the 
Montreal Transportation Company. He is also Vice- 
President of the Williams Manufacturing Company 
and a director of the Montreal Grain Elevating Com- 
pany. 



34 



JOHN TORRANCE. 



John Torrance, merchant, is a son of the late David 
Torrance, President of the Bank of Montreal, by his 
wife, Jane Torrance. He was born in Montreal, Au- 
gust 8th, 1835, and received his education at the High 
School of Montreal, graduating with the distinction 
of dux of that fai.nous institution of learning. In 
1850 he entered the firm of David Torrance and Com- 
pany, of which he is now the principal, and which firm 
has for years acted as the agents of the Dominion Line 
of steamships, plying between Montreal and Liverpool 
and Bristol. Mr. Torrance served terms as 2nd Vice- 
President and 1st Vice-President of the Montreal 



Board of Trade, and was a member of the Council for 
years, but was defeated for the Presidency in 1897. 
He was for many \ears a member of the Montreal 
Board of Harbor Commissioners, and has consistently 
worked for the deepening of the ship channel, between 
Montreal and Quebec, and the improvement of the 
terminal facilities in the Harbor of Montreal. 

In January, 1860, Mr. Torrance married Margaret 
Watson, youngest daughter of the late Senator James 
Ferrier, and his residence is No. I Beaver Hall 
Square, Montreal, Que. 



35 



HON. RICHARD TURNER. 



1 he Hon. Richard Turner, merchant and legislator, 
of the city of Quebec, was born in that city in 1843. 
His father was a native of Rochester, England, and 
his mother was born in Kilfinan, Ireland. Immediately 
after completing a sound business education, he entered 
upon a business career, and in 1870 entered into part- 
nership as wholesale grocers with Mr. J. Whitehead, 
under the firm name of Whitehead & Turner. In 1885, 
Mr. Whitehead retired and Mr. Turner has carried on 
the business, under the old name, on his own account. 
Although his extensive private business has made most 
exacting calls upon his time, he has found time to iden- 
tify himself with various public enterprises and to de- 
vote considerable intelligent attention to public affairs. 
He has large interests in the shipping and lumber busi- 
ness and in railways, and is an extensive importer from 
the West Indies, China and Japan. 

He was formerly a director of La Banque Natio- 
nale, is president of the Wholesale Grocers' Associa- 



tion, firm of LeBoutillier Bros. & Co., Ltd. ; past presi- 
dent of St. George's Society and chairman of the Que- 
bec High School. Air. Turner had the honor of occu- 
pying the position of president of the Quebec Board of 
Trade for three consecutive terms. He also, for some 
years, sat as alderman in the City Council. 

A staunch believer in the principles of the Liberal 
party, he is, and has been for some years, honorary 
president of the Quebec Liberal Club. 

He was called to the Legislative Council of the 
Province of Quebec, vice D. A. Ross, deceased, July, 
1897. He is chairman of the Railway Committee in 
the Council. He takes an active part in all charitable 
work, and that which is in the interest of his city and 
development of the province of Quebec. 

In 1867, he married Miss Emily Ellis, and their 
family consists of four sons and two daughters. 

An Episcopalian. 



HON. ADELARD TURGEON. 



The Honorable Aclelard Turgeon, Minister of Ag- 
riculture in the Quebec Provincial Government, was 
born at Beaumont, Que., December ujth, 1863, the son 
of Damase Turgeon, farmer and merchant, and Chris- 
tine Turgeon, his wife. After receiving a classical 
and scientific education at Levis College he entered the 
faculty of law of Laval University, Quebec, graduat- 
ing in 1887, and being called to the Bar July 12th, the 
same year. For six months he engaged in the prac- 
tice of his profession alone, then entering into partner- 
ship with Mr. Henry G. Carroll in the City of Que- 
bec, under the firm name of Turgeon and Carroll. In 
1897 a change took place in the firm, the designation 
of which was changed to Turgeon and Lachance. 
To-day it enjoys one of the best practices in the City 
of Quebec. 

While still a young student Mr. Turgeon won an 
enviable reputation as a fluent and powerful orator, 
and careful study, his professional practice, and his ac- 
tive participation in practical politics, have imparted 
to his naturally powerful style of oratory a grace and 
finish to which few public speakers have attained. It 
has been said by some well able to judge that with the 
single exception of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, Mr. Turgeon 
is the most graceful and classical orator Canada pos- 
sesses. His style is very much the same as that ot 
the silver-tongued Prime Minister, there being a scrup 
ulous care about his phraseology and a fair roundnesi 
to his sentences, which never fail to impress the listen- 
er. By instinct a strong Liberal, and possessing in 
such a marked degree the talent for public speaking, 
it is not surprising that as early as 1884, when but 
twenty-one years of age, we find him engaged in the 
turmoil of politics and taking the platform as an ex- 
ponent of the principles of his party. He thus early 
in life made for himself a provincial reputation as a 
brilliant orator, but being very young and having the 
founding of his professional career still before him, 



some years were to elapse before he was to make his 
first appeal for the votes of the electorate. His op- 
portunity came in 1890 when he was chosen as Liberal 
candidate in the County of Bellechasse for the Quebec 
Legislature. The fight was a hard one. Air. Turgeon 
being pitted against a veteran campaigner in the person 
of Mr. Faucher <le St. .Maurice, himself an orator and 
literateur of 110 mean order. Mr. Turgeon carried 
the County by the substantial majority of 257. He 
was re-elected in 1892 and 1897, and as a private 
member on the floor of the House rendered conspicu- 
ous service to his party. When the Hon. G. Alai- 
chand, May iith, 1897, formed his administration, 
he called Mr. Turgeon to his Cabinet as Commissioner 
of Colonization and Mines, and the young minister, 
on appealing as usual to his count}', was returned by 
acclamation. At the general elections of 1900 he was 
once more returned by acclamation. When the Hon. 
G. Marchand died, September 251)1, 1900, thus dis- 
solving the Government, the Hon. S. X. Parent was 
called upon to form a government, and he called Mr. 
Turgeon to his Cabinet as Commissioner of Coloniza- 
tion and Alines, and Secretary and Registrar pro-tern. 
Upon the re-organization of the Cabinet in 1903, Afr. 
Turgeon was given the portfolio of Minister of Agri- 
culture, which he at present holds. 

In 1898 Air. Turgeon visited France and repre- 
sented the Province of Quebec on the Champlain 
Alonument Committee, which met at Honfleur, France, 
on July i-jth, receiving from the Government of 
France the decoration of Officier d'lnstruction 
Publique.' 

Mr. Turgeon is President of the Standard Copper 
Company and Vice-President of the Levis Gun Club. 
He was married in July, 1884, to Eugenie, daughter of 
Air. Etiennie Samson, ship-builder, of Quebec, and is 
a member of the Garrison Club, Quebec, and of the 
St. James Club, Montreal. 



37 



HON. SENATOR FORGET. 



The Honorable Louis Joseph Forget, member of 
the Canadian Senate, was born at Terrebonne, Que., 
March nth, 1853, and educated at Masson College. 
He is descended from an old Norman family which 
came to Canada in the seventeenth century. He has 
been in business as a stock broker in Montreal since 
1873, being the founder and head of the leading firm 
of stock brokers of L. J. Forget and Company. He 
had the honor of being President of the Montreal 
Stock Exchange in 1895 and 1896, and has been close- 
ly identified with many of the leading financial cor- 
porations of Montreal. He was elected President of 
the Richelieu and Ontario Navigation Company in 
February, 1895, and President of the Montreal Street 
Railway Company in 1890, and still in office. For 
some years he has been a Director and Vice-President 



of the Royal Victoria Life Insurance Company. 
Vice-President Dominion Cotton Mills Co., etc. He 
is Vice-President of the Board of Governors of Laval 
University, Montreal ; a Life Governor and Director 
of Notre Dame Hospital ; Life Governor of Montreal 
General and Western Hospitals ; and a Life Governor 
of the Montreal Numismatic and Antiquarian So- 
ciety. 

He is Conservative in politics and was called to the 
Senate in June, 1896. Senator Forget was married 
in Montreal in May, 1876, to Maria, daughter of Gus- 
tave A. Raymond, and resides at 951 Sherbrooke 
Street, Montreal. 

He is a member of the Mount Royal, Royal St. 
Lawrence Yacht, Montreal Hunt, and St. James 
Clubs, Montreal. 



158 






DAVID DEXTER. 



David Dexter, of Hamilton, Out, President and 
Managing Director of the Federal Life Assurance 
Company of Canada, was born April 4th, 1848, near 
St. Thomas, Ont. His parents were Ransom and 
Margaret Dexter, the former being a clergyman and 
farmer, who, when a boy six years of age, came with 
his father and mother from New York State to Little 
York (Toronto) in the year 1798. When quite a 
young man he enlisted in the York Militia, and was 
one of the "brave York Volunteers" who won im- 
perishable renown with General Brock at the battle of 
Queenstown Heights. Mr. Dexter's ancestors on his 
father's side emigrated from England to the New 
England colonies early in the i8th century. Those on 
his mother's side also hailed from England, settling in 
Virginia. 

Mr. Dexter was educated in St. Thomas, Ont. 
Owing to ill health he was taken from school and 
taught farming on his father's farm, subsequently for 
a few years managing a manufacturing business in St. 
Thomas. He left mercantile life to become the mana- 



ger of a loan and saving company, filling this position 
with marked success till the organization of the Fed- 
eral Life in 1881, being managing director of the com- 
pany in question from the first. 

Mr. Dexter's ability and popularity were testified by 
his election to the Presidency of the Life Officers' As- 
sociation of Canada. In his leisure hours he has taken 
an interest in educational matters, he having been for 
fourteen years a member of the Educational Hoard ot 
Hamilton, became Chairman of its several Committees 
and Chairman of the P.oard. Nor does he neglect the 
lighter side of relaxation, being an enthusiastic curler 
and bowler. 

He was married December. 1868, to Isabella Mc- 
Lachlin, of Aylmer, Ont., and has two children, Adah 
E., and Zella R. Dexter. He is a member of the Ham- 
ilton Club, Royal Hamilton Yacht Club, Hamilton 
Jockey Club, Hamilton Thistle Curling Club, all of 
Hamilton, and the National Club, Toronto. He is also 
a member of the St. George's Society and of the Ma- 
sonic Order. 






39 



RODOLPHE FORGET. 



Mr. Rodolplie Forget, broker and financier, Mon- 
treal, was born in Terrebonne, Qne., December loth, 
1 86 1, his father being- a descendent of a respectable 
Norman family, -who came to Canada in 1655. He 
obtained his education at Masson College, Terrebonne, 
and shortly after leaving that institution, came to Mon- 
treal, and entered the office of his uncle, and present 
partner, Mr. (now Senator,) L. J. Forget. Shortly 
afterwards he was taken into partnership, and at pres- 
ent the firm of L. J. Forget and Company is one of 
the largest, best known and most enterprising stock 
broking firms in Canada. In 1889 Mr. Forget was 
elected Secretary-Treasurer of the Montreal Stock Ex- 
change, but later resigned, and has since refused any 
office in that body. Mr. Forget has been a most in- 
fluential personality in the Montreal world of finance, 
and his influence has been exerted for the betterment 
of the financial positions of some of the principal fin- 
ancial corporations of Canada. He practically was 
instrumental in securing the re-organization of the 
Richelieu and Ontario Navigation Company, and the 
modernization of that Company's service. His mind 
conceived the idea of the Montreal Light, Heat and 
Power Company, and it was largely due to his energy 



that the idea was carried out. The capital of the 
Company is $17,000,000. He was also chiefly in- 
strumental in securing the re-organization of the Mon- 
treal Street Railway Company, and the obtaining of 
that Company's present contract with the City of Mon- 
treal. At present Mr. Forget is President of the 
Richelieu and Ontario Navigation Company, Vice- 
President of the Montreal Light, Heat and Power 
Company, President of the Royal Electric Company, 
Director of the Montreal Gas Company, the Mont- 
morency Cotton Company, the Crown Life Insurance 
Company, President of The Mount Royal Fire Insur- 
ance Company, etc. 

Mr. Forget has taken an active and generous in- 
terest in charitable and educational work. He is an 
administrator of Laval University, Montreal, Gov- 
ernor of Notre Dame Hospital, the Montreal General 
Hospital and the Western Hospital. He has been 
particularly devoted to the interests of Notre Dame 
Hospital. 

Mr. Forget has been twice married, and has four 
children. He was first married October I2th, 1885, 
to Miss Alexandra Tourville, and the second time to 
Miss Blanche McDonald, April, 1904. 



40 



FREDERICK GEORGE COX, 



Prominent in the Canadian insurance world Fre- 
derick George Cox, the Managing Director and the 
Vice-President of the Imperial Life Insurance Com- 
pany of Canada, is the second son of Senator George 
A Cox. He was horn on September 2/th, 1866, at 
Peterboro, Ontario, where he was educated at the Col- 
legiate Institute. Upon completing his education, he 
entered the Peterboro office of the Midland Railway, 
and occupied a position under Mr. Arthur White, who 
was then the General Traffic Manager of the road. 
When the road was purchased by the Grand Trunk 
System, Mr. Frederick Cox became the Manager of 
the Central Canada Loan and Savings Company, re- 
maining in that important position until 1897, tne . vear 
in which the Imperial Life Insurance Company of Ca- 
nada was organized. He was appointed Managing 



Director of this Company, and has devoted his entire 
time since to its furtherance and development, until it 
has become one of the most important and extensive 
insurance institutions in Canada, which, in a great 
measure has been due to his experience, judgment and 
indefatigable efforts. The only other company with 
which Mr. Frederick Cox is officially connected is the 
Central Canada Loan and Savings Company, of which 
he is the Vice- President. A man of great care and 
financial intelligence, Mr. Cox is, undoubtedly, an im- 
portant factor in the insurance industry of the Domi- 
nion and in Toronto business. 

In 1889 Frederick George Cox was married to a 
daughter of Dr. L. H. Swan, of Woodstock, Ontario. 
His residence is at No. 414 Sherbourne street, Toronto. 






41 



DR. WILLIAM HENRY DRUMMOND. 



William Henry Drummond, M.D., L L.D., was 
born in 1854, in the County of Leitrim, Ireland, the 
son of George Drummond and Elizabeth Soden, his 
wife. He came -with his parents to Canada in 1864, 
his father dying twelve months later. His mother 
is still living. Since coming to Canada Dr. Drum- 
mond has always lived in Montreal. He has three 
brothei s occupying prominent positions in the busi- 
ness community, namely, John J. Drummond, Me- 
chanical Engineer, and George E. Drummond, and 
Thomas J. Drummond, of the firm of Drummond, 
McCall & Company. Dr. Drummond was educated 
at the High School of Montreal and Bishops College, 
graduating from the last named institution with the 
degree of M.D., and entering at once upon the practice 
of his profession. Dr. Drummond, at present, oc- 
cupies a chair on the medical faculty of his alma mater 
as Professor of Medical Jurisprudence. Apart from 
an honorable place in the medical profession, Dr. 
Drummond is widely known in the fields of literature 
and sport. He has published several short stories and 
three books of verse, namely, "The Habitant," "John- 
nie Courteau" and "Phil-o-rum's Canoe," all dealing 
with the life of the French Canadian habitant, voya- 



geur and trapper. This literary work of Dr. Drum- 
mond has been unique, opening up a rich field of hu- 
mor, sentiment and pathos previously unexploited, and 
doing it so skillfully as to put satisfactory imitation 
out of the question. Dr. Drummond has not been 
inaptly described as the Bret Harte of French Canada. 
In recognition of his literary work Dr. Drummond 
had conferred upon him by Toronto University the 
degree of L L.D. He is also a Fellow of die Royal 
Society of Literature, England, and a fellow of the 
Royal Society of Canada. Another hobby of Dr. 
Drummond is the protection of fish and game. His 
father was a sportman, and so is the doctor. He is 
a member of the North American Fish and Game Pro- 
tection Association, and the Province of Quebec Fish 
and Game Protective Association. For strictly 
sporting purposes Dr. Drummond belongs to three 
well-known Fish and Game Clubs, the Laurentian, the 
St. Maurice and the Winchester Clubs, all situated in 
the Province of Quebec. 

Dr. Drummond is a member of the Church of Eng- 
land, and in politics nonpartisan, believing in meas- 
ures rather than party. 



ROBERT BICKERDIKE. 



Mr. Robert Bickerdike, M.P., live stock shipping 
and insurance agent, member of Parliament, repres- 
enting Montreal Centre, St. Lawrence Division in the 
Canadian House of Commons, was born at Kingston, 
Ont, 1843, ms father being the late Thomas Bicker- 
dike, of Yorkshire, England. 

Although born in Ontario Mr. Bickc-rdike has spent 
nearly the whole of his life in the Province of Que- 
bec, his father moving to St. Louis de Gonzaque, 
Beauharnois County, and taking up a farm there when 
his son Robert was quite a child. After acquiring 
an elementary education at the country school of the 
district, Mr. Bickerdike helped his father for some 
time on his farm, but at the age of seventeen moved 
to Montreal, shortly after arriving taking his first 
position away from home, that of a butcher's boy. 
Ten years after he arrived in Montreal he entered into 
the pork packing trade for himself. His well- 
equipped factory was destroyed by fire, only to arise 
again, phoenix-like, from its ashes. In this instance 
the work of reconstruction was begun the morning 
after the fire. He sat for several years in the St. 
Henri town council, and for many years was an en- 
ergetic and devoted President of the Protestant Board 
of School Commissioners of the same municipality. 

In 18/6 he entered the export business, then prac- 
tically a new industry, and for the twenty years suc- 
ceeding was one of the largest cattle exporters in Can- 
ada. He organized the Dominion Abattoir and Stock 
Yards Company, the Dominion Live Stock As- 
surance Company and the Standard Light and 
Power Company. He has for a number of years re- 
presented the Marine Department of the Western 



Assurance Company, and in addition has for the 
past few years assumed the agency for the fire 
department for the Island of Montreal. 

For many years Mr. Bickerdike has been a director 
of the Bank of Hochelaga, and for the past fifteen 
years its Vice-President. 

He was for many years a member of the Council 
of the Montreal Board of Trade, and in 1896 was 
elected President of tint influential body. He is a 
life governor of the Montreal General Hospital, a life 
member of the Numismatic and Antiquarian Society. 
In 1897 he was elected in the Liberal interests to 
represent St. Antoine Division of Montreal in the 
Quebec Provincial Legislature, and in recognition of 
his services on behalf of the City of Montreal, was 
tendered and accepted a public banquet given by mem- 
bers of the Montreal Board of Trade. In the general 
elections of 1900 he resigned his seat in the Quebec 
Legislature and was elected to represent St. Law- 
rence Division, Montreal, in the House of Commons. 

In addition to the positions mentioned above, Mr. 
Bickerdike holds many others. He is a member of 
the Montreal Board of Harbor Commissioners. Pres- 
ident of the Dominion Live Stock Insurance Com- 
pany, President of the Robert Bickerdike & Com- 
pany, Limited, member of the Rideau Club, Ottawa, 
the "Montreal and Canada Clubs, Montreal, a life 
member of the M.A.A.A.. and a prominent member 
of St. George's Society. 

Politically, Mr. Bickerdike is a Liberal, in religion 
a Presbyterian. He married in 1866 the eldest 
daughter of the late James Reid, formerly of the 
7ist Highland Light Infantry. Residence. "Elm- 
croft," Summerlea. 



43 



EDWARD WILLIAM COX. 



That a man not yet forty years of age should be 
called to fill the highest executive position in the Can- 
adian insurance world would have been considered 
well-nigh an impossibility a few years ago. And yet 
it seems the fitting thing to-day that Edward William, 
Cox should be General .Manager of the Canada Life 
Assurance Company, for he has attained the position 
through a series of progressive steps, thoroughly fitt- 
ing himself in each position for that above it. 

Mr. Cox was born in Peterborough, Ontario, on 
the i8th of June, 1864, and is the eldest son of Hon. 
Geo. A. Cox, Senator. He was educated at Peter- 
borough Collegiate Institute and Toronto University, 
devoting his holidays to assisting his father, at that 
time manager of the company's largest branch. 

In 1885 Air. Cox was admitted as a partner with 
his father, and in 1887. when the expansion of their 
business made necessary their removal to Toronto, the 
commercial centre, he assumed full charge of the 
field workers. 

Under Mr. Cox's efficient direction the Eastern. 
Ontario Branch easily maintained its position as the 
largest and most important of the Company, and when 
the Canada Life Head Offices were remove'd to Toron- 
to in 1899, 't was fitting that Mr. Cox should be tender- 



ed the position of Assistant General Manager. This, 
office he continued to hold until the annual meeting in, 
February, 1902, when he was advanced to the position 
of General Manager, whose duties he had for some 
time discharged. 

While Mr. Cox has attained and held with success 
the various offices to which he has been called through 
native ability coupled with long and thorough training, 
the marked growth of the Company in the past few 
years is due not alone to these qualities in its manager. 
It is owing rather to that spirit of enthusiasm for his 
life work which is a marked characteristic of Mr. 
Cox, and which imparts itself to those about him in 
office and field. 

Mr. Cox, besides being a director in the Canada 
Life Assurance Company, is a director in a number of 
other important corporations, among them being the 
Central Canada Loan and Savings Company, the Bri- 
tish America Fire Assurance Company, and the Na- 
tional Trust Company. 

He is a member of the National Club, the Granite 
Club, the Hunt Club and various social organizations., 

He was married on the 24th October, 1888, to a 
daughter of the late Charles Brown. 



44 



HUGH WATSON, 



Mr. Hugh Watson, of "Hillcrest," Westmount, 
Montreal, manufacturer of wall papers, and President 
of the Watson, Foster Company, Limited, was born 
January 23rd, 1839, at "Sandyflat," Maryhill, Glas- 
gow, Scotland. His father was John Watson, a 
grain and produce merchant and farmer, while his 
mother's maiden name was Ann Goodwin. 

Mr. Hugh Watson was educated at the Parish 
School of Maryhill, Glasgow, and on completing his 
schooling, served for four years in the office of a large 
produce commission merchant in Glasgow. He had 
a good grounding in sound business habits and 
methods which has been of great benefit to him in his 
business career. 

He came to Montreal in 1860 and joined an elder 
brother in an Importing business, principally earthen- 
ware, china, paper hangings, etc.. which was carried 
on successfully until the year 1880. With the in- 
troduction of the National Policy in that year Mr. 
Watson, in company with his brother and Mr. F. S. 
Foster, both now deceased, started the manufacturing 
of wall papers in Montreal, the business, from a com- 
paratively small beginning, growing to very consider- 
able dimensions. 



In the year 1896 the factor}- building occupied 
by the company in the city was found too limited ow- 
ing to the greatly increased output, and the large and 
well-equipped factory, warehouse and offices now oc- 
cupied at Maisonneuve were built by the Company, 
where very much bettei facilities exist to meet the 
growing needs of the business and prospective future 
expansion. Besides an extensive trade throughout 
the Dominion, Newfoundland and the Yukon, the 
Company do a considerable trade in Australia and 
New Zealand with every prospect of a much enlarged 
business in the near future. 

In the year 1897 the business was formed into a 
joint stock company the Watson-Foster Company, 
Limited, of which Mr. Watson has been President 
since its organization. Mr. Watson is a member of 
the Montreal Hoard of Trade, and for two years, 1902 
and 1903, a member of the Council of that body. He 
is a life governor of the Montreal General Hospital, a 
life governor of the Homeopathic Hospital, Montreal, 
a life governor of the Protestant House of Industry 
and Refuge, and a life member of the Natural His- 
tory Society, Montreal. 



45 



HUGH PATON. 



Mr. Hugh Paton, 911 Sherbrookc Street, Montreal, 
President of the Sheclden Forwarding Company 
(Limited), was born at Johnstone, Renfrewshire, 
Scotland, October 5th, 1852. His parents were WH- 
liam Paton and Mar}- Shedclen, of Kilbirnie, Ayr- 
shire, Scotland. Having received a sound education 
at the grammar school at Paisley, Scotland, Mr. Paton 
came to Canada in 1871 to join his uncle, the late Mr. 
John Shedclen, railway contractor, Toronto. En- 
tering Mr. Shcdden's office he remained there until 
1873, when Mr. Shedden was killed by a trair while 
participating in the celebration of the opening of the 
Toronto and Nipissing Railway, of which he was 
President. Upon Mr. Shedden's death the busine ;s 
he had established as geneial forwarder, carrier and 
cartage agent for the Grand Trunk Railway was taken 
over by a joint stock company, under the name of the 
Shedden Forwarding Company (Limited,), and Mr. 
Paton assumed the functions of Secretary-Treasurer 
of the company, making his headquarters in Mon- 
treal, where he has resided ever since. He occupied 
this position until 1879, when he became manager and 
secretary, and later President, which position, he at 
present holds. Mr. Paton is moreover the principal 
shareholder in the company, which has developed its 
business greatly, and is one of the most powerful busi- 
ness corporations in Canada. He is also Chairman 
of the allied company, operating a similar business in 
the United States. A shrewd and energetic business 
man, Mr. Paton's services have been eagerly sought 
after by various other influential commercial bodies, 
and besides being President of the Shedden Forward- 
ing Company ( Limited j, Montreal, and Chairman of 
the Shedden Cartage Company (Limited,), of Detroit, 
he is a director of the Bell Telephone Company, of 
Canada, the Canadian Transfer Company (Limited,), 
the Canadian Express. Company, the Northern Elec- 
tric Manufacturing Co., Limited, the Wire and Cable 



Company and the Sincenes-McNaughton Company. 
Besides his investments in Canada and the United 
States, Mr. Paton retains a considerable interest in the 
well-known manufacturing firm of Win. Paton (Lim- 
ited), in Johnstone, Scotland, established by his late 
father, and now directed by his brothers. 

Mr. Paton is a great lover of good horses and an 
enthusiastic gentleman farmer. He has a beautiful 
country home, "The Island," Bord-a-Plouffe, and his 
model farming operations extend over property on 
Isle Jesu as well as on the Island of Montreal. He 
was for four years Honorary Secretary-Treasurer of 
the Montreal Tandem Club. From 1879 to 1886 he 
was Honorary Secretary-Treasurer of the Montreal 
Hunt Club, and in 1887 he was honored with election 
as M.F.H.. Mr. Paton has run his own horses at 
i.iany meetings and several times carried off the 
Queen's Plate. His love for dumb animals led Mr. 
Paton to identify himself with the Society for the Pre- 
vention of Cruelty to Animals, and he has been for 
some years a member of the Executive Committee of 
that body. In 1896 he was elected Vice-President of 
the St. Andrew's Society, Montreal, with the charit- 
able work of which organization he has been intimate- 
ly identified, and in 1897 he was honored with election 
to the position of president. 

In 1884 he was married to Isabella, daughter of 
the late Andrew Robertson, a former well-known Mon- 
treal merchant, whose name was long identified with 
the position of Chairman of the Harbor Commission- 
ers. 

Mr. Paton is a member of the Mount Royal, St. 
James and City Clubs, Montreal, Royal and Outre- 
mont Golf Clubs, Montreal Racket Club, Forest and 
Stream Club, Dorval ; Montreal Hunt Club, the To- 
ronto Club ; the Manitoba Club, Winnipeg ; Manhat- 
tan Club, New York, and the Junior Athenaeum 
Club, London, England. 



CHARLES FLEETFORD SISE. 



Charles Fleetford Sise, Montreal, President of the 
Bell Telephone Company of Canada, was born in the 
United States in 1834, his father being Edward Fleet- 
ford Sise, merchant and ship owner. Mr. Sise's 
grandfather, Edward Sise, went to the United States 
from Ireland in 1784. 

After being educated in the United States, Mr. 
Sise went to sea for several years, and after command- 
ing vessels in the Atlantic, Pacific and Australian 
Lines, took charge of his father's shipping and cotton 
business at New Orleans and Mobile. After the 
Civil War in the United States he went to England 
as head of the Liverpool House. He came to Can- 
ada in 1880, and established the P>ell Telephone Com- 
pany of Canada, being connected with that powerful 



corporation ever since. He also identified himself 
with other important business corporations of his 
adopted country. At the present time he is Presi- 
dent of the Hell Telephone Company, the Wire and 
Cable Company, the Northern Electric & Manufac- 
turing Company and the Xorth American Telegraph 
Company. He is a Director of the Canadian West- 
inghouse Company, the Xorth P>ritish & Mercantile 
Insurance Company, the Sincennes McXaughton Line, 
the Nova Scotia Telephone Company and the New 
Brunswick Telephone Company. 

Mr. Sise is a member of the St. James's Club, 
Mount Royal Club, Hunt Club, and Forest and Stream 
Club of Montreal, the Algonquin Club, Boston ; Ridcau 
Club, Ottawa, and Toronto Club, Toronto. 



47 



HORMISDAS LAPORTE. 



Hormisdas Laporte, Mayor of the City of Mon- 
treal, is the senior member of the great wholesale 
grocery firm of Laporte, Martin and Company, St. 
Peter St., Montreal. He was born November 6th, 1850, 
at the village of. Lachine, Jacques Cartier County, 
One., his parents being Jean ISaptiste Laporte, miller, 
and Marie Jubinville, his wife. His ancestors were 
ami ing the earliest settlers from France. 

.Mayor Laporte, as he is proud to admit, is pre- 
eminently a self-made man. After an elementary 
education at the village school of Sault an Recollet, 
lie worked in a nail factory until 1870, when lie 
started business for himself in a modest way as a re- 
tail grocer on St. James street. Under shrewd, care- 
ful management the business rapidly expanded, and 
in 1881 it had taken on somewhat of a wholesale 
character. In 1889 the business became a wholesale 
one entirely, and Mr. Laporte took into partnership 
Mr. J. 1!. A. Martin, at the time manager of another 
wholesale firm and J. ( ). Boucher, his chief clerk, and 
in 1897 he admitted as partner Mr. L. A. DeLorme, 
his head book-keeper, Mr. Jos. Ethier, his head sales- 
man, and Mr, J. A. Martin. These gentlemen, with 
the principal, still constitute the firm of Laporte, Mar- 
tin & Co., whose record of continuous success has 
seldom been equalled in any city on the Continent. 

The firm are direct importers from Europe, India, 
China, Japan and the "West Indies. Mr. Laporte is 
connected with many commercial and financial insti- 



tutions, being a director of the Banque Provinciale, 
the National Life Assurance Company, La Sauve- 
garde Insurance Co., and American Surety Co. He 
is, and has been for some years, President of the 
Dominion Wholesale Grocers' Guild, and President of 
the Alliance Nationale. He is an ex-President of 
the Chambre of Commerce, Montreal, and an ex- 
member of the Council of the Montreal Board of 
Trade. 

Mayor Laporte's name, even before his election 
to fill the Mayoralty Chair, was a household word in 
Montreal, on account of the excellent work he had 
doiie as leader of the reform movement in the City 
Council, which effected great economies in the civic 
administration during the years succeeding 1899. ^ n 
this part of his municipal work he required an un- 
usual amount of courage, resource, public spirit and 
judgment, and he has never been found lacking in any 
of those respects. He was elected Mayor of Mon- 
treal by a majority of 12,500, Februaly ist, 1904, both 
of his opponents losing their deposits, polling less than 
half the number of votes obtained by Mr. Laporte. 

Mrs. Laporte's maiden name was Mirza Gervais, 
and her family consists of a daughter and son, Maria 
and Joseph: 

Mayor Laporte is a member of the St. Vincent de 
Paul Society, and a member and Vice-President of the 
St. Jean Baptiste Society. 



48 



LIEUT, -COLONEL EDYE. 



Lieutenant-Colonel Lour'enco Edye, Commissioner 
of the Trust and Loan Company of Canada in Mon- 
treal, was born in South America, at Rio de Janeira 
on 2nd March, 1849. He was educated in Paris and 
England. Joining H. M. Royal Marines as Second- 
Lieutenant, on 28th December, 1866, his military rec- 
ord is an enviable and honorable one. He was pro- 
moted First-Lieutenant 3rd August, 1867 ; Captain 
ist July, 1881 ; Brevet Major, 8th December, 1887 ; 
Major, 29th August, 1888; Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel, 
8th December, 1894; and Lieutenant-Colonel, 8th De- 
cember, 1895. In addition to the list of rapid pro- 
motions, Lieutenant-Colonel Edye received during his 
career various appointments from time to time, the 
principal of which were Interpreter to Her Majesty's 
Fleet (China Station) 28th October, 1870; Assistant- 
Instructor in Musketry (Chatham Division,), I5th No- 
vember, 1879; Captain and Quartermaster, Battalion 
Royal Marines for service in Egypt, 4th August, 1882 ; 
Captain and Paymaster, 2nd Battalion Royal Marines, 
for service in Egypt, 8th November, 1884; Signalling 
Officer to the R. M. Forces for service in the Soudan, 
1st March, 1885 ; Brigade Signaller, 2nd Brigade, by 
Sir J. McNeil, V.C., K.C.B., K.C.M.G., in Soudan 
Campaign, 8th April, 1885 ; Instructor of Gymnasia 
R. M. Depot, Walmer and Member of the Naval In- 
telligence Department, Admiralty, ist February, 1892. 
In order also to qualify for service in the Judge Ad- 
vocates Department he studied for and was called to 
the English Bar, Middle Temple, 1886. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Edye served as Captain and 
Quartermaster of the Royal Marine Battalion during 
the War in Egypt, 1882. He was present at the ac- 
tion of Malaha as Orderly Officer to Commanding Of- 
ficer R. M. (mentioned in despatches), present at the 
actions of El-Magfar, Tel-el-Mahuta, Masarneh, Kas- 



sassin Lock, Kassassin, and Tel-el-Kebir (Egypt Med- 
al, Clasp for Tel-el-Kebir, Khedive Bronze Star). He 
served with the Royal Marine Battalion in the East 
Soudan (1884-5,), f r tne defence of Suakim, as Cap- 
tain and Paymaster, 2nd Battalion Royal Marines, for 
service in Egypt. Afterwards as Signalling Officer 
during the operations in advance of Suakim. He 
was present at the actions of Hasbeen, Tofrek (the 
Zerebaj, Reconnaissance on Jeselah, and capture and 
burning, being mentioned in the despatches, and re- 
ceiving clasps for Suakim, 1885, and Tofrek. Be- 
sides being awarded numerous certificates of conduct 
and honorary mentions in the despatches, he received 
the thanks of the Lord Commissioners of the Admir- 
alty for services rendered at the wreck of the big 
"Eliza" in Mount Batten Bay during a furious gale on 
8th December, 1872, and again was the recipient of 
thanks from the same high officials for services ren- 
dered at the Naval Intelligent Department between the 
years 1892 and 1897. 

Retiring from active service in 1898, Colonel Edye 
was offered the appointment which he now fills as a 
Commissioner of the Trust and Loan Company of 
Canada, which he accepted, coming to Canada in the 
same year. He has chief control of the Montreal 
Branch of that pioneer financial institution. 

On 5th July, 1873, Colonel Edye married Clara 
Frances, daughter of Richard Laws, of the Honorable 
East India Company. His only child, Russell Ern- 
est Courtenay Edye in due course entered H. M. 
Army, and is now a Captain in the South Lancashire 
Regiment, Third Battalion, and has already rendered 
distinguished military services to his country. 

Colonel Edye is a member of the United Service 
Club, London, and the St. James Club, Montreal. 



49 



JOHN LANG MORRIS, ICC 



John Lang- Morris, K.C.. a leading member of the 
liar of Montreal was horn at Perth, Out., in 1835, 
his parents being the late Hon. William Morris, form- 
erly Receiver-General of Canada, and Elizabeth 
Cochran, his wife. Mr. Morris was educated at the 
High School of Montreal and McGill University, 
graduating with the degree of R.C.L., and being 
called to the liar in 1859. He has practiced his pro- 
fession continuously in Montreal, his partners at 
various times including the late Judge Torrance. the 
late T. \Y. Ritchie, O.C., and Mr. (now Sir) \Vm. 
Rose. He is now practicing with Mr. C. M. Holt, 
K.C. Mr. Morris has made a specialty of commer- 
cial, civil and ecclesiastical law, and" has attained 
distinction in those branches of his profession. He 
was created a Q.C. by the Marquis of Lansdowne, 
then Governor-General, in 1887. 

Mr. Morris is an Elder, and a very well-known 
member of the Presbyterian Church of Canada, es- 
pecially on account of the very active part he took in 



connection with the union movement in 1875. He has 
been counsel of the Church for many years, and repre- 
sented the Church and conducted successfully the vari- 
ous cases concerning the Temporalities funds, before 
the Imperial Privy Council and the committees of the 
Canadian Parliament. Mr. Morris is Vice-President 
of the Montreal Loan and Mortgage Company. Mr. 
Morris is an ardent devotee of the game of golf, and 
has contributed in a very considerable degree to the 
development of the sport in Canada. 

Mr. Morris, like his father and his elder brother, 
the late Lieut. -Governor Morris of Manitoba, is a Con- 
servative in politics, but has never been a candidate 
for public office. 

In 1860 he married Agnes, youngest daughter of 
the late Dr. M. McCulloch, Montreal, and he resides at 
present in the Bellevue Apartment House. Mr. Mor- 
ris is a member of the Mount Royal Club, and a mem- 
ber and ex-Captain of the Royal Montreal Golf Club. 



60 



SIR C ALPHONSE P. PELLETIER, 



The Honorable Sir Charles Alphonse Pantaleon 
Pelletier, K.C.M.G., K.C., B.C.L., LL.D., P.C., 
etc., was born at Riviere Ouelle, Que., January 22nd, 
1837, his parents being the late J. M. Pelletier, of that 
place, and his wife, Julie, daughter of Joseph Pain- 
chand. He obtained his primary and classical edu- 
cation at the Ste. Anne de la Pocatiere College, after 
wards entering the law faculty of Laval University, 
Quebec, and graduating with the degree of B.C.L. in 
1858. Two years later he was called to the P>ar at 
Quebec, beginning a lengthy practice at the P>ar of 
that district, which brought him much distinction. 
He has acted in the capacity of Syndic and Batonnier 
of the Bar of Quebec, and was created a Q.C. in 1897. 
He is the City Attorney of Quebec since over thirty 
years. 

Like so many other members of the Bar in the 
Province of Quebec Sir Alphonse Pelletier has, from 
his youth, devoted much attention to politics. He is, 
and always has been, an ardent Liberal. He repre- 
sented Kamouraska in the House of Commons from 
1869 to February 2nd, 1877, when he was called to 
the Senate of Canada, as Government leader in that 
chamber, he having entered the MacKenzie Cabinet 
as Minister of Agriculture on January 26th, of the 
same year. During part of his term as a member of 
the House of Commons, from February, 1873, to Jan- 
uary, 1874, he also represented Quebec East in the 
Quebec Legislature, retiring from that Assembly in 
accordance with an Act putting a stop to dual repre- 
sentation. He retained the portfolio of Minister of 
Agriculture until the retirement of the MacKenzie 
Government in October, 1878. While Minister, he 
acted as President of the Canadian Commission at the 
Paris Universal Exhibition in 1878, and received the 



C.M.G. in recognition of his services. He \vas speak- 
er of the Senate from July 1896 to 1901, and was cre- 
ated K. C.M.G. May 241)1, 1898. Received from Laval 
University Hon. degree of L.L.I)., 19(32. 

Sir Alphonse Pelletier, while yet a young man, 
joined the Militia force and was on active service with 
his regiment, the 9th Voltigeurs, Quebec, at the time 
of the Trent Affair. He became Captain and adju- 
tant of the 9th in 1863, was promoted Major in i86f>. 
commanded his regiment during the Fenian Raid cf 
that year, and retired retaining rank. Sir Alphonse's 
son, Lieut. -Colonel Oscar Charles Casgrain Pe'.letier, 
has inherited his father's military spirit. lie entered 
the 9th as a subaltern in 1884, and the following year 
was transferred to the Royal Canadian Artillerv, he 
having the same year, as an attached officer, gon,e 
through the Northwest Campaign with B. Battery, and 
being' severelv wounded in the action at Cut Knife 
Hill, where lie greatly distinguished himself. In 
1897 he was appointed D.O.C. at Quebec. Lieut. Col- 
onel Oscar Pelletier accompanied the ist Canadian 
Contingent to South Africa as major, being severely 
wounded at Paarderberg, and mentioned in despatches. 

Taking a great interest in the national movement 
among the French Canadians, Sir Alphonse Pelletier 
has been several years President of the St. Jean Bap- 
tiste Society of Quebec. He is Vice- President of the 
Quebec Fire Assurance Company. He has been twice 
married, first in 1861 to Susanne, daughter of the late 
Hon. Charles E. Casgrain, M.L.C., who died in 1862, 
and secondly in 1866, to Virginie A., second daughter 
of the late Hon. M. P. deSales La Terriere, M.D., and 
M.L.C. 

Sir Alphonse Pelletier is a member of the Garrison 
Club. 



51 



CHARLES ALEXANDER. 



Mr. Charles Alexander, Montreal, retired confec- 
tioner and Justice of the Peace, was born in 1816, at 
Dundee, Scotland, his father being John Alexander 
and his mother's maiden name, Marina Mudie. Hav- 
ing been educated at the Parochial Grammar School 
at Dundee, he was apprenticed to the great firm of 
Keillor and Sons, who are famous the world over as 
manufacturers of marmalade, etc. April 5th, 1840, 
Mr. Alexander left Dundee for Montreal on the ship 
Atlantic, which ran ashore and was wrecked during 
the night of May 5th at Torbay, near St. Johns, New- 
foundland. All of- the passengers, with the exception 
of one. boy, were saved ; all of their possessions with 
the exception of what they had on were lost. It was 
June before the ship-wrecked immigrants reached Mon- 
treal, and for a year after his arrival he worked at his 
trade, removing at the end of that period to London, 
Out., where he entered into a partnership with Mr. 
11. J. Matthewson. At the end of another year he 
returned to Montreal, where, after working as a 
journeyman for some months, opened in business for 
himself in 1842. He started in the general confec- 
tionery and manufacturing business, and established 
the pioneer temperance dining rooms in Montreal. 
Public spirited and charitable to a degree, he was 
identified with church and municipal work, even in 
the days of his early struggles. In 1845 he was elect- 
ed deacon of Zion Church, and as an active member 
of a committee of the St. Andrew's Society, went to 
Quebec to look after the survivors of the steamer Mon- 
treal, destroyed by fire on the way from Quebec to 
Montreal. For several years he represented West 
Ward in the City Council, was Chairman of the Fin- 
ance Committee, and also represented Montreal in the 
Quebec Legislature as an independent Liberal, in that 
capacity being largely instrumental in securing a re- 
formatory school as a separate place of detention for 
the younger class of criminals. He was also largely 
instrumental in securing the establishment of a separ- 
ate jail for female offenders. The list of official posi- 



tions in charitable institutions held by Mr. Alexander 
is a formidable one, being in part as follows : Mem- 
ber of the Board of Management of the Montreal Gen- 
eral Hospital from 1860 to May, 1900, when, he, then 
being Vice-President, resigned, owing to increasing 
deafness. Elected on first Board of Management 
Protestant House of Industry and Refuge, 1863, life 
member 1867, President 1887 to 1900, when, resign- 
ing he was elected Honorary- President ; President of 
the Boys Home since its erection, 1873; Member of 
the Board of Management of the Mackay Institute 
for Deaf Mutes and blind since the beginning of the 
work, and President for the first six years, at the end 
of that time resigning in favor of the late Joseph Mac- 
kay ; re-elected President in 1900, and still holding 
office. One of the founders of the Protestant Hos- 
pital for the Insane, Verdun, is a life governor ; was 
Vice-President and is now Honorary Vice-President. 
Vice-President for many years of the Montreal Sail- 
ors Institute and now President. Has been and is 
still President of the Canadian S. P. C. A. Is a 
founder and still committeeman of the S. P. W. & C., 
is a life member of the M.A.A.A., Mechanics Insti- 
tute, Caledonian Society, Orphan Asylum, Y. M. 
C. A., Montreal Dispensary. President of the 
Homeopathic Association, and of the Widows and Or- 
phans Fund of the Congregational Union of Canada. 
Chairman and Hon. -Treasurer of the Fresh Air Fund, 
and a trustee of the Sheltering Home. Member of 
the Montreal Board of Trade, Citizens League, Good 
Government Asssociation, and Montreal Aft Associa- 
tion. 

In 1838 Mr. Alexander was married in Dundee, 
Scotland, to Margaret Kyle, and there have been issue 
of the union the following sons and daughters : 
Thor..as K. Alexander, Henry M., Charles M., Mrs. 
Robert Warren, of Chicago, John F., James K., and 
Mrs. Robert Darling, of Toronto. Of the above 
Thomas K., Henry M., and James K. are deceased. 



52 



JOHN ALEXANDER MURRAY. 



No merchant in Ontario is perhaps more widely 
or favorably known than Major John Alexander Mur- 
ray, Vice-President of the famous Toronto dry goods 
house of W. A. Murray & Co., Limited. He was born 
on the 1 7th July, 1854, in Limerick, Ireland, where his 
father the late W. A. Murray was for several years 
head silk buyer for Messrs. Todd & Co. The follow- 
ing year the family came to Hamilton, Canada, where 
they remained for two years, when they removed to 
Toronto, when Major Murray's father established the 
firm of "Wylie & Murray." A short time after Mr. 
Wylie retired and the W. A. Murray & Co., was then 
formed. Major Murray was educated at St. Michael's 
College, Toronto, and St. Hyacinthe's College,. St 
Hyacinthe, Quebec. On completing his studies he en- 
tered his father's business and has since devoted his 
time to its management and development until it has 
grown into the vast enterprise which exists at the pre- 
sent time with a reputation for high class goods and 
honorable dealing unexcelled in the Dominion. He is 
also President of the Toronto Carpet Manufacturing 
Co., Limited, which concern has developed by leaps 
and bounds, and to-day is acknowledged as makers of 
the best goods in their particular line in the Dominion 



of Canada. The Major is exceedingly popular, and 
equally well-known through his military career. For 
the past twenty-six years he has been a member of the 
Queen's Own Rifles of Canada, first joining as a pri- 
vate in 'F' Company, and a couple of years later taking 
a commission. He took a prominent part in reforming 
the Old University Company of that regiment, and 
now holds the high rank of Senior Alajor, and second 
in command of that splendid body of loyal Canadians. 
He takes the warmest interest in athletic sports, and 
all the great Canadian games and pastimes. One of 
his early exploits is still fresh in the memory of many 
in aquatic circles when he rowed in 1877 with Telfer 
Arthurs across the lake to Xiagara, accomplishing the 
trip in eight hours. The Major is a member of the 
National Club and in politics a Conservative. 

Major .Murray has also been greatly interested in 
the development of the Scarborough Heights, his own, 
delightful country house being situated on the Heights 
overlooking the lake. He married a daughter of Cap- 
tain Chas. Perry and has four children. Charles 
Alexander liruce, John Allan, Mary Marjorie and 
Gordon M. Murray his town residence is at 170 
Jarvis St. 



63 



CHARLES M. HOLT, ICC, LL.D. 



Mr. Charles M. Holt, K.C., L L.D., is a native of 
Quebec, being a son of the late Judge Charles G. Holt, 
of that city. He was educated at Bishops College 
School, Lennoxville, and Laval University. He is a 
member of the Montreal liar, and of the Library Com- 
mittee of that body. He is lecturer in McGill Uni- 
versity, post graduate course ; author of the standard 
work, 'Insurance Law of Canada,' cited in our Courts 
in all important insurance cases, and lecturer on In- 
surance Law. He has been a contributor of law ar- 
ticles of wide reputation to various legal journals, and 
has been in active legal practice in Montreal ever since 
his admission to the Bar. 



Mr. Holt is a Director of the Montreal General 
Hospital, the Charity Organization Society, the Anti- 
Tuberculosis League, the Lennoxville School Asso- 
ciation and other educational and charitable institu- 
tions. 

In politics Mr. Holt is a Conservative, in religion 
a Presbyterian, and he is married to Mabel, daughter 
of the late Senator Cochrane. His residence is No. 
215 Milton Street, Montreal, and he is a member of 
the Royal Montreal Golf Club, the Montreal Hunt 
Club and the St. James Club. 



JOHN PHILIP WISER. 



Of the prominent men in Canada who had their 
birthplace in the United States and have cast in their 
lot as British subjects with Canada, is John Philip 
Wiser, of the town of Prescott, in the Province of On- 
tario. 

Born in Trenton, Oneida County, in the State of 
New York, one of the United States of America, the 
son of Isaac John Wiser and Mary Egert, his wife, 
educated in the schools of his native County, he came 
to Canada as manager for Egert and Averall, then con- 
ducting the distillery business in Prescott. 

In the year 1857 he purchased an interest in the 
firm and in the year 1862 acquired all his partner's 
interest in the distillery business. This business has 
been operated by Mr. Wiser since 1857, and its pro- 
ducts are sold throughout the Dominion of Canada and 
exported to the United States, China and the Philip- 
pine Islands. 

The distillery gives employment to nearly 100 men 
and is the third in capacity in the Dominion. Besides 
the above Messrs. J. P. Wiser & Sons, Ltd., which is 
the present style of the firm of which Mr. Wiser is 
President, own and operate in connection with their 
farm of 600 acres, situated half mile west of Prescott, 
a large brick yard, giving employment to forty men in 
the manufacture of pressed and common brick and 
drain tile. 

The stables in connection with the distillery are 
capable of feeding 1000 cattle. From these barns the 
first cattle were exported to Great Britain, and Mr. 
Wiser can claim to be the pioneer in the export cattle 
trade. 



In addition to his interest in Canada, Mr. Wiser 
was the President of the Dominion Cattle Co. that 
operated a ranch of 1,750,00x3 acres in the PanHandle 
district of Texas, U.S., when their lands were opened 
for settlement by the United States. Mr. Wiser ac- 
quired a ranch in Lyon & Waubunsee Counties, Kan- 
sas, where he had as many as 4,000 cattle that were 
bred and fattened for the Kansas City and Chicago 
markets. Selling out the above interests in 1895, he 
has since confined his attention to his business in Pres- 
cott. 

To the live stock industry of Canada, the enterprise 
and intelligence of Mr. Wiser has been of great value. 
He served as a member of the ( Jntario Agricultural 
Commission in 1880, and imported at great expense 
the celebrated Rysdyk 1 lambletonian Stallion and 
other high-bred trotting stock into Canada, notably 
Chestnut Hill, Phil Sheridan, Hiram Woodruff, Or- 
ient, Win. IJ. Smith, i'.arbara Patchen and Joe ISrown, 
which were trained and stood on his farm. 

Mr. Wiser is President of the 1'rescott Elevator Co. 
and a director in the Montreal Stock Yards Co., Mon- 
treal Lighterage Co., and Imperial Starch Co. 

A Liberal in politics, he was returned to the House 
of Commons in 18/8, but did not seek re-election. 

Married to Emily, second daughter of Hon. H. 
Godard, of St. Lawrence County, X.Y. Issue, four 
sons and two daughters. Harlow G., Eugene Franlc, 
John Abel, Isaac P., Mary Kate and Alice Maude. 
Those surviving are Eugene F., Treasurer ; Isaac P., 
Vice-President of J. P. Wiser & Sons, Ltd., and Mary 
Kate, wife of W. C. Brown, Chief Engineer of the 
Worthington Pump Co., of Brooklyn, N.Y. 



GEORGE G. FOSTER, ICC 



Mr. George Greene Foster. K.C.. attorney, of 
Montreal, was born at Knowlton, One., Jan. 2ist., 
1860, his parents being Samuel Willard Foster and 
Kllen Greene, his wife. Mr. Foster was educated at 
Knowlton Academy and McGill University, Montreal, 
graduating from the last-named institution of learning 
with the degree of 15.C.L., in March, 1881. After be- 
ing admitted to the liar, he practised his profession at 
Knowlton from July, 1881 to August, 1886, coming to 
Montreal in the latter year and has practised here ever 
since. Me has been associated at different times in 
partnership with the Hon. Judge W. W. Lynch, Judge 
J. S. Archibald, and Judge Girouard of the Supreme 
Court of Canada, and is at present at the head of the 
firm of Foster, Martin, Archibald & Mann. This firm 
has a large general, railway and insurance practice, 
having been engaged in the principal insurance litiga- 
tion in Montreal for ten years, always on behalf of the 
insurance companies. The firm are the attorneys for 



the New York Central Railway, the St. Lawrence & 
Adirondack Railway, the Rutland Railway, the Mid- 
land Railway, and the Or ford Mountain Railway. 

A member of an old Conservative family, and a 
staunch member of the Conservative party himself, 
Mr. Foster has always taken an active interest in 
public affairs, and in 1896 unsuccessfully contested the 
County of Brome, being defeated by the Hon. S. A. 
Fisher, Minister of Agriculture. Was elected presi- 
dent of the Eastern Townships Conservative Associa- 
tion in 1894. 

Mr. Foster was married January 1st, 1896, to Mary 
Maud, only daughter of the late Hon. Mr. Justice 
Buchanan, and their family consists of a son and 
daughter, George Buchanan Foster and Ruth Elizabeth 
Foster. 

Mr. Foster is a member of the Rideau Club, 
Ottawa ; the Montreal Club, and the Montreal Hunt 
Club. 



66 



DUNCAN McNAB McEACHRAN, 

F.R.C.V.S. Lon., V.S. Edin., D.V.S. McGill. 



Duncan McNab McEachran, until very recently 
Dean of the Faculty of Comparative Medicine of Mc- 
Gill University, was born at Campbelltown, Argyle- 
shire, Scotland, Oct. 27111,1841. Duncan McEachran, 
after receiving a sound elementary education at the 
schools of his native place, at the age of seventeen pro- 
ceeded to Edinburgh to complete his education, and 
soon after, entering the Veterinary College there, com- 
menced the study of veterinary surgery under the late 
Professor Dick. Shortly after completing his pro- 
fessional studies, in the autumn of 1862, he came to 
Canada, and for three years engaged with marked 
success in the practice of his profession at Woodstock, 
Ontario, at the same time preceding to Toronto dur- 
ing part of the winter to give lectures on professional 
subjects. In 1866 he removed to Montreal, where 
he soon built up a large and lucrative practice. 
Through the influence of the late Major Campbell, 
President of the Board of Agriculture, and supported 
by Principal (later Sir William,) Dawson, and the late 
Dr. G. W. Campbell, Dean of the Medical Faculty of 
McGill University, an arrangement was made whereby 
Professor McEachran was to deliver a course of lec- 
tures on veterinary science in connection with the 
regular medical course of the University. This may 
be said to have been the nucleus of the Montreal Vet- 
erinary College. 

In 1875, to accommodate the increasing number of 
veterinary students the Montreal Veterinary College 
was established by Dr. McEachran, and the College 
buildings on Union Avenue, erected at the personal 
expense of the founder and principal. This college 
was long considered the very highest of its class in 
America, and ranked high among the veterinary col- 
leges of Europe. The Montreal Veterinary College 
made rapid progress, the thoroughness of its system 
of training, and the high standing of its graduates 
attracting students from all parts of the United States, 
Canada, the West Indian Islands, Japan and Great 
Britain. In 1890, the college became more closely 
affiliated with McGill University, becoming the Fac- 
ulty of Comparative Medicine, its Principal, Dr. Mc- 
Eachran, taking the official position of Dean of the 
Faculty, which position he held till March, 1903, when 
he resigned his position on the staff of the University, 
having decided to devote his whole attention to his 
western stock raising enterprise. It was on the ad- 
vice of Dr. McEachran that the Dominion Govern- 
ment created the present cattle and quarantine service, 



Dr. McEachran was appointed Chief Inspector for 
the Dominion, and was practically given charge of 
the organization of the service. This position he 
held for twenty-six years, when he resigned, taking 
the position of Hon. -Adviser to the Government on 
all matters relating to health of animals. The thor- 
oughness of his work has since been abundantly test- 
ed. The export cattle trade also owes much to Dr. 
McEachran's skill and foresight, for in the early days 
of the trade he did much to direct it along the right 
channels, and to secure the enforcement of eminently 
sensible government regulations which have done 
much to assure the steady advancement of the trade. 
He repeatedly represented Canada at Scientific Con- 
gresses in German}- and liritain, the last being the Tub- 
erculosis Congress held at London in 1891. 

On the raising of the Royal College of Veterinary 
Surgeons to university rank in 1875 J-* r - McEachran 
was elected a fellow, being the only Canadian thus 
honored. He was appointed a Justice of the Peace 
in 1886, and served in the Active Militia for ten 
years as veterinary surgeon of the 3rd (Montreal) 
Field Battery. He did good service in assisting ma- 
terially in raising and organizing the famous Strath- 
cona Horse. Dr. McEachran was one of the original 
pioneers of the Alberta ranching industry. In 1881, 
four years in advance of the C. P. R. line, he visited 
Alberta in company with the late Senator M. H. 
Cochrane, of Compton. They proceeded via the Mis- 
souri river to Fort Benton, Mont., thence driving 
across the plains to the site of the present city of Cal- 
gary at the junction of the Bow and Elbow rivers. He 
was Vice-President of the Cochrane Ranche Company 
till 1883, when he became General Manager of the 
Walrond Cattle Ranche Company, of which the late 
Sir John Walrond, Bart., was President, and which 
is now the largest and one of the most successful 
ranches in Canada. Dr. McEachran being the present 
President and General Manager. 

June Qth, 1868, Dr. McEachran was married to 
Esther, youngest daughter of the late Timothy Plas- 
kett of St Croix, West Indies, and their family con- 
sisted of two daughters, Evelyn Victoria, who died 
May 24th, 1869, and Jennie Blackney McEachran, now 
Mrs. H. B. Young, Westmount, Montreal. 

Dr. McEachran is a member of the St. James 
Club. Montreal, the Forest and Stream Club, the 
Manitoba Club, Winnepeg, and MacLeod Club, Al- 
berta. 



57 



RANDOLPH HERSEY. 



Randolph Hcrsey, Montreal, President of the 
Pillow and Hersey Manufacturing Company, Limited, 
was born at Canton, Oxford County, Maine, Nov. 
30th, 1829, his parents being John Hersey and Mary 
Howe Holland, his wife. Mr. Kersey's ancestors 
came from England in 1630, and 1635 settling in 
Massachusetts ; his father was a farmer, merchant and 
manufacturer of starch ; he also held important official 
positions in the Town, County and State where he re- 
sided. 

Mr. Hersey received a common school education, 
such as was obtainable in the country sixty to seventy, 
years ago ; also atended a High School three terms of 
about twelve weeks each. At the age of sixteen he 
was obliged to provide for himself, his father having 
lost his property, caused by the great blight to pota- 
toes (Potatoe Rot). The same year terrible distress 
was caused in Ireland, many dying from starvation 
through the same cause. The disease among potatoes 
was so great that it was impossible to procure them 
for starch-making, and his father being under con- 
tract to Boston merchants to supply them with starch, 
had to succumb to the inevitable. He had just 
property enough to pay his liabilities in full, which he 
did, leading him pennyless. Mr. Hersey left Ills 
home, went to Massb.. nussetts, learned the trade of 
making shoes, worked at that trade in Massachus- 
setts, Maine, St. Louis, Missouri, and New York 
City, and was purser on a freight and passenger 
steamboat, plying on the Ohio, Mississippi, Cumber- 
land and Illinois Rivers. Now-a-days this craft would 
be called a "tramp" boat. Mr. Hersey abandoned 
steamboating on account of his duties entailing so 
much night work. There with various other employ- 
ments, attended with trials more or less severe, as is 
usual with young men in starting out for themselves, 
occupied Mr. Hersey's time until 1852, when he came 
to Montreal and has made that city his home since. 
He learned the trade of making cut nails with his 
uncle, Mansfield Holland, of the firm of Holland & 
Dunn, who were among the first to manufacture nails 
in Canada. During this year Mr. Dunn sold out to 
Mr. Holland and went to Australia, where the gold ex- 
citement was a* its height. The following year, 1853, 
Mr. Hersey was made foreman of the shop, subse- 
quently becoming a partner in the business. In 1858 
and 1859 Mr. Holland built the first Rolling Mill in 



Montreal, the one now operated by the Pillow & Her- 
sey M'f'g. Co. It was removed from Mill street, its 
original site, to St. Patrick street, the area on the 
former street being too small for the increasing 
business. 

In 1862 Mr. Hersey sold his interest in the nail 
business to his uncle and his uncle's son, and entered 
the firm of T. D. Bigelow & Son, which was founded 
by Mr. T. D. Bigelow 's father, the pioneer nail-maker 
in Canada. After the death of Mr. T. D. Bigelow 
(about 1864) the firm's name changed toj. T. Bige- 
low & Co., the partners being J. T. Bigelow, 
Randolph Hersey and John A. Pillow. This 
Company continued for three years. Then the 
year after the death of J. T. Bigelow, the 
firms name was changed to that of Pillow, 
Hersey & Co., the partners being John A. Pillow 
and Randolph Hersey. In 1887 the Company 
was incorporated under the name of the "Pillow 
& Hersey M'f'g. Co., Ltd.," with Randolph Hersey 
as President, John A. Pillow, Vice-President and Gen- 
eral Manager, and Mr. W. S. Bryden, Secretary. Mr. 
John A. Pillow was made President in 1890 and held 
the office till his death in February, 1902. Mr. Her- 
sey was then again elected President and still holds 
that office. 

The plant of the Pillow and Hersey Manufacturing 
Company in Montreal, now covers 250,000 square feet 
and gives employment to about 700 employees., The 
paid up capital of the Company is $600,000, and the 
product of its works goes all over the world, though 
its chief market is found in Canada. 

Mr. Hersey being a man of wide experience and 
sound business judgment, holds responsible positions 
in other commercial corporations, being Vice-President 
of the Page, Hersey Iron and Tube Company, and Di- 
rector of the Gould Cold Storage Company. 

Mr. Hersey was married in 1856 to Miss Mary 
Louise Price, of the union, there being ten children, 
eight sons and two daughters, of whom six sons and 
one daughter are still living. After the death of his 
first wife, he, in 1874, married Miss Margaret Ann 
Crawford, of which mafriage there have been four 
daughters, all of whom are living. 

He is a life governor of the Montreal General 
Hospital, the Western Hospital and the Protestant 
Hospital for the Insane. For more than forty years 
he has been a member of the Mechanics' Institute. 



58 



R. WILSON-SMITK 



Mr. Richard Wilson-Smith came to Montreal from 
Ireland about a quarter of a century ago, and has lived 
in the commercial metropolis of Canada ever since, 
building up in the interval a business and a place in the 
public life of the city, which have placed him in the 
very fore-front of financial and public affairs in Mont- 
real. A few years after arriving in Montreal, Mr. R. 
Wilson-Smith became publisher and chief editor of the 
" Insurance and Finance Chronicle," a publication 
which has since occupied a prominent place in the 
financial journalism of Canada. As a tribute to his 
position in the journalistic world, Mr. Wilson-Smith 
was elected President of the Province of Quebec Press 
Association. He has become best known as a financial 
agent and investment broker, and has very extensive 
and valuable connections. As an authority on insur- 
ance and financial matters he has few equals, a remark- 
able tribute to his capability as a financier and to his 
high standing in the community, being the tender to 
him by the Hon. E. J. Flynn, Prime Minister of the 
Province of Quebec, in 1896, of the office of Provincial 
Treasurer, an offer Mr. Wilson-Smith declined. In 
1893 he was elected to the City Council of Montreal as 
alderman for St. Lawrence Ward, and at once took a 
leading position among the party of aldermen specially 
interested in the subject of municipal reform. His ad- 
vice and experience proved particularly valuable in 
connection with the discussion of the grave financial 
problems with which the city was at that time con- 
fronted. He was largely instrumental in securing the 
passage of the legislation which put a period to reckless 
expenditures, and fixed reasonable limits to the city's 
borrowing power. To accomplish these important 
reforms Mr. Wilson-Smith secured and held the hearty 
co-operation of the Council of the Board of Trade and 
leading bankers as well as of others of the most influ- 
ential members of the financial community, a powerful 
deputation accompanying him to Quebec, and support- 
ing him in his demands for restrictive amendments to 
*he City Charter. As a reward for his invaluable ser- 
vices of the city, Mr. Wilson-Smith was in 1896, 
unanimously elected Mayor of Montreal, a position he 
filled with conspicuous dignity and success. During 
his term of office many important events took place, 
such as the Queen's Diamond Jubilee, and the visits of 



the British Medical Association, the British Associa- 
tion for the Advancement of Science, and the largest 
squadron of British warships which has ever come to 
Montreal. On his retirement from his two years' 
mayoralty term, the citizens tendered him a banquet at 
the Windsor Hotel and also presented him with an 
address. Those present at the banquet included the 
Governor-General, the Premier, the Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor, the Roman Catholic and Protestant Archbishops, 
and other leading citizens of Canada. In the general 
elections of the same year he unsuccessfully contested 
St. Lawrence division for the House of Commons in 
the Conservative interest. 

In 1892 Mr. Wilson-Smith became a member of the 
Montreal Board of Trade, and in 1898 he purchased a 
seat on the Montreal Stock Exchange, forming a 
separate partnership with Mr. G. H. Meldrum, under 
the name of R. Wilson-Smith, Meldrum & Company, 
in connection with stock exchange business. In 1897 
he formed a syndicate to which was allotted $1,250,000 
of the Fielding loan. 

He has large interests in several industrial and 
mercantile enterprises. He was one of the original 
directors of the Lachine Rapids Hydraulic and Land 
Company, which undertook successfully the develop- 
ment of the vast water power of the Lachine Rapids. 
He is President of the Canada Accident Company, a 
trustee -:'f ihe Guardian AsMirance Company, Vice- 
President of the Montreal Trust and Deposit Com- 
pany, the National Security Company, of Xew 
York, etc.. and resident Vice-President of the 
American Surety Company. 

Mr. Wilson-Smith was for some years a member of 
the Protestant Board of School Commissioners, Mont- 
real, and is a governor of the Montreal Diocesan Theo- 
logical College, and a trustee of the University of 
Bishop's College. He is also a member of the Synod 
of the Anglican Diocese of Montreal, president of the 
Montreal Horticultural Society and Honorary Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel of the and Regiment of Canadian Artil- 
lery. He is a governor of Verdun Asylum and of the 
Montreal General, Notre-Dame and Western Hos- 
pitals. He is also a member of the City, St. James 
and Canada Clubs. 



59 



THOMAS J. DRUMMOND. 



Mr. Thomas J. Drummond, Merchant and Manu- 
facturer, Montreal, was born September 26th, 1860, 
in the County of Leitrim, Ireland, his parents being 
the late George Drunimond and Elizabeth Soden, his 
wife. He came with his parents and the other mem- 
bers of his family to Canada in 1864, and has made 
his home in Montreal ever since. He was educated 
in Montreal. In 1881, in conjunction with James T. 
McCall. and his brother, Mr. George E. Drummond, 
he founded the present well-known firm of Drum- 
mond, McCall & Company, and has been closely iden- 
tified with the iron and steel industry of Canada ever 
since. Mr. Drummond is at the present time Presi- 
dent of the Londonderry, (N.S.) Iron and Mining 
Company; President of the Montreal Pipe Foundry 



Company, Yice-President of the Canadian Iron and 
Foundry Company, whose plant is at Hamilton, Ont., 
Yice-President of the Montreal Water and Power 
Company, a director of the Iron Furnace Company, 
and Imperial Life Insurance Company. 

Mr. Drummond has been for many years an active 
member of the Montreal Board of Trade, and was for 
some time a member of the council of that body. 

Mr. Drummond married Oct. loth, 1892, Edith, 
daughter of General A. L. Chetlain of the United 
States Army, Chicago, 111. 

Mr. Drummond is a member of the St. James, 
Canada and Montreal Clubs, and the Toronto Club, 
Toronto. 



60 



CHARLES FULLER GILDERSLEEVE 



Mr. Charles Fuller Gildersleeve, Kingston, Out., 
President af the Lake Ontario and Bay of Quinte 
Steamboat Co., is of the sixth generation of this 
family which has been engaged in the building, owner- 
ship and management of shipping. On his mother's 
side Mr. Gildersleeve is of Old United Empire Loyal- 
ist stock. His father was the late Mr. Henry Gilder- 
sleeve, who went to Kingston, Out., in 1816, to assist 
in the building of the "Frontenac," the first steamboat 
launched on Lake Ontario ; his mother's name being 
Sarah Finkle. He was born at Kingston, Out., Oct. 
I7th, 1833, and was educated at Upper Canada Col- 
lege. Being intended for the legal profession he un- 
derwent the usual course, and was called to the l!ar 
in 1859. He practised with success for several years, 
but in 1864, on his brother's death he relinquished his 
practice to assume the management of the steamboat 
business established by his father in 1817, and main- 
tained by his father and brother ever since that date. 
Mr. Gildersleeve has remained in the steamboat busi- 
ness since 1864, having built and owned the "Corin- 
thian," "Norseman,'' "Maud," "Welshman" and 
"North King," and having owned the "Empress," 
"Bay of Quinte," "Hastings" and "Hero," all of 
which vessels are well-known on the inland waterways 
of Canada. In 1893 MH Gildersleeve organized the 
Lake Ontario and Bay of Quinte Steamboat Company, 
which took over his steamers, he becoming the first 
manager. In 1894 he was appointed general mana- 
ger of the Richelieu & Ontario Navigation Company, 
Montreal, which owns over twenty-five steamers and 
operates the principal passenger and freight lines be- 



tween the head of Lake Ontario and the River Sagne- 
nay. Under his active management the business of 
the company developed greatly new steamers, the 
finest on inland waters were built, and during the 
whole of his term the shareholders received regular 
dividends, although for eight years previously none 
whatever had been paid. In 1904 he resigned from 
the R. & () and resumed charge of the L. O. & 15 of 
O. Steamboat Co., which he has controlled since its 
formation. While a resident of Kingston, and espe- 
cially between the years 1864 and 1894, Mr Gilder- 
sleeve took an active interest in public affairs. A 
Liberal in politics he was foremost in redeeming 
the city from its former Conservative proclivities. 
He served as alderman for many years and one yeai 
as mayor, and largely through his leadership the 
finances of the city were placed in a healthy condition, 
and new waterworks and other improvements con- 
structed. He took the chief part in the promotion of 
the Kingston & Pembroke Railway and was President 
of the company from its formation in 1870 until in 
1901 it became part of the Canadian Pacific Railway 
System. He also took an active part in the establish- 
ment of the Kingston School of Mining and Agricul- 
ture. 

Mr. Gildersleeve married Mary Elizabeth, daughtei 
of Charles L. Herchmer, of Belleville, Out., and theii 
family consists of one daughter, Maud Gertrude, mar- 
ried to Lt.-Col. Victor B. Rivers, of the Militia head- 
quarters staff, Ottawa, and one son, Henry H. Gilder- 
sleeve, general manager of the Northern Navigation 
Company. 



61 



ELIAS ROGERS. 



The mercantile community of the city of Toronto 
contains few more prominent figures than that of Elias 
Rogers, the President of The Elias Rogers Company, 
Limited, which is undoubtedly one of the largest and 
best equipped coal, wood and fuel concerns on the Con- 
tinent, and certainly the largest retail business of its 
kind in Canada. 

Klias Rogers is a native Canadian, having been 
born in the township of Whitchurch, York County, 
Ontario, where his father, the late Elias Rogers, was a 
farmer. The subject of this sketch was educated at 
Newmarket and at Union Springs College, New York. 
In addition to his knowledge of farming acquired at 
home, he gained a thorough knowledge of the lumber 
trade before he was twenty-three years of age and was 
for a time engaged in that business. Subsequently, be 
became interested in coal mining and operated a coal 
mining industry in Jefferson County, Pennsylvania. In 
1876 he opened a wholesale and retail coal business in 
Toronto, which to-day has eclipsed all rivals in its es- 
pecial line, owing its surprising development, chiefly 
to his enterprise, judgment, tireless energy and the de- 
votion of a quarter of a century of his time to its inter- 
ests. In-addition to his being the President of the com- 
pany which bears his name in Toronto, Elias Rogers is 



the President of the Rogers Coal Company, of Hamil- 
ton ; President of the National Life Assurance Com- 
pany, a Director of the Imperial Bank, a Director of 
the National Trust Company and several other com- 
mercial and financial organizations. He is a life mem- 
ber and a past President of the Toronto Board of 
Trade. He is a member of the National Club, Toronto, 
and the Royal Canadian Yacht Club. A Liberal in 
politics. In 1887 he was a member of the Toronto 
City Council, and has ever striven to further the inter- 
ests of the city and of the country at large. He has 
been active in the development of industries in the ex- 
treme east and also of the extreme west of the Domi- 
nion. Outside the attention Mr. Rogers has necessar- 
ily had to devote to his business intefests, he actively 
participates in the furtherance of many deserving 
objects Religious and Philanthropic. 

Elias Rogers was married in Toronto in 1873 t a 
daughter of Benjamin Selby, of Glasgow, Scotland, 
the union having been blessed with seven children : 
Alfred, Mary L., Sarah P., John W., Hazel, Clarence 
E. and Isabella May. He has two grandchildren, Al- 
fred, son of his eldest son Alfred, and Mary the 
daughter of Mrs. Beaton, formerly Mary L. Rogers. 
Mr. Rogers resides at Deer Park, Toronto, Ontario, 



62 



HON. GEORGE WILLIAM ROSS, 



The career of the Premier of Ontario, the Hon. 
George William Ross, is a shining example of the pos- 
sibilities of that success in life, which lies before every 
Canadian youth, blessed with natural ability, determi- 
nation and perseverance. George William Ross is the 
son of James Ross by his wife Ellen McKinnon, both 
natives of Ross-shire, Scotland, who came to Canada in 
1832. He was born near Nairn, County Middlesex, 
Ontario, on September i8th, 1841. Educated in the 
public schools, he early displayed marked ability in his 
studies, and received a County Board certificate which 
empowered him to teach. He then took a course at 
the Normal School, Toronto, where, in 1871, he secur- 
ed a first class provincial certificate. He, later, matri- 
culated in law at Albert University, graduated L.L.I', 
in 1883, and was called to the Bar in 1887. Before 
this period, in 1871, he was appointed Inspector of 
Public Schools for the County of Lambton, and acted 
subsequently in a similar capacity for the towns of 
Petrolea and Strathroy. He took a leading part in the 
County Model Schools System, and after their organ- 
ization, he prepared a Syllabus of Lectures for their 
direction, and for a time filled the position of Inspec- 
tor. From 1876 to 1880 he was a member of the Cen- 
tral Committee of Examiners, steadily contending for 
the uniformity of text books and favoring the limit- 
ing of Normal Schools to professional work. 

Mr. Ross may be said to have been one of the most 
important factors in bringing the educational laws of 
Ontario to their present pitch of perfection. At the 
general election of 1872, he was elected as the Liberal 
representative in the House of Commons for West 
Middlesex, and continued to do so at Ottawa until No- 
vember, 1883, when he entered the Mowat Administra- 
tion in Ontario as Minister of Education, still remain- 
ing member for West Middlesex in the Legislature. 
Einally, in October, 1899, he was chosen to serve as 
Premier of Ontario, which position he still retains. His 
record as a legislator and administrator is highly me- 
ritorious. In connection with his efforts to perfect 
the educational system of the country, in 1885 he intro- 
duced a bill in the Legislature providing for the conso- 
lidation of the Public Schools' Act, the High Schools' 
Act, the Separate Schools Act and the Act respecting 
Mechanics' Institutes. In 1887 he introduced a bill 
authorizing the federation of the University of Toron- 
to, and the affiliation of the denominational colleges 
with that national institution. He was also instru- 
mental in placing on the statute book a bill respecting 
truancy. 

Mr. Ross devoted some years to journalistic and 
library work. At one time he was editor of the Strath- 
roy " Age," and at another time part proprietor of the 
"Huron Expositor." He also conducted the "Onta- 
rio Teacher," a publication which proved of great ser- 



vice to educationists in all parts of the province. In 
1892 he wrote, in conjunction with Mr. Wm. Bucking- 
ham, a biography of the Hon. Alexander Mackenzie. 
Among his other works may be mentioned " The His- 
tory of the School System of Ontario," written for the 
International Series of Educational Works, published 
by the D. Applcton Company, New York ; " A Report 
of the Schools of England and Germany," and " Pa- 
triotic Recitations for the L'se of Schools and Col- 
leges." In 1893 he was appointed Chairman of the 
Committee having for its object the preparation of a 
history of Canada, for the use of the schools of this 
country ; and in 1897 he served as a Yice-President of 
Educational Association. In acknowledgement of his 
eminent services on behalf of education, in 1886 he 
received the degree of LL.D.. from St. Andrew's 
I'niversity, Scotland. A similar honor was confer- 
red upon him by Victoria University. Toronto, in 
1892, and by the Toronto University in i8<H. bv 
McMaster University in 1902 and by Oueen's Uni- 
versity in 1903. In 1896 he was elected a Fellow of 
the Royal Society of Canada, and, in the same year, 
he was appointed one of the Commissioners for the 
revision of the ( )ntario Statutes. He is a member 
of the Council of the Toronto Astronomical and 
Physiological Society, and is likewise interested in 
the National Sanitarium Association, of which he 
was one of the founders. In 1886 he served as an 
honorary commissioner to the Indian and Colonial 
Exhibition held in London. 

Mr. I'oss is a master of platform oratory, and as a 
public speaker takes high rank. Among the best known 
of bis efforts from the lecture platform are the follow- 
ing: " Literary Factors in our Canadian Life," " For- 
nntive Forces of Canadian History," " Our National 
( )utfit," " Citizenship and High Culture," and " Pre>- 
ferential Trade." 

In religious belief Premier Ross is a Presbyterian 
pud holds the office of elder in St. Andrew's Church. 
Toronto. In 1896 he was elected a delegate from the 
General Assembly, Canada, to the Pan-Presbyterian 
Conference held that year in Glasgow. For many 
years he has been prominently identified with the tem- 
perance cause. He was elected Most Worthy Patriarch 
of the Sons of Temperance of North America in 
1879; attended the British and Colonial Temperance 
Congress held in London. 1886; was elected Presi- 
dent of the Temperance and General Life Assur- 
ance Company, 1885, and was elected a Vice-Presi- 
dent of the Ontario Prohibitory Alliance, 1896. He 
has been twice married, first in 1862 to Christina, 
daughter of Duncan Campbell, she dying in 1872, 
and, secondly, in 1875 to Catherine, the daughter of 
William Boston. 



63 



JOHN MACDONALD. 



Prominent as the head of the leading wholesale dry 
floods house of the City of Toronto, John Macdonald, 
manages the vast business founded by his late father, 
Senator Macdonald, in 1849, which is still carried on 
under the time honored name of both father and son. 

John Macdonald was born at Oaklands, Avenue 
Road, Toronto, on the 4th day of November, 1863, and 
received a good commercial education at Upper Canada 
College. His father, the late Hon. John Macdonald 
was born in Perth, Scotland, coming to Canada in 
1840, and eventually establishing and building up the 
celebrated mercantile house known throughout every 
part of the Dominion. After completing his education, 
the subject of this sketch entered his father's business 
house in 1879, all( l after passing through every grade, 
gained an expert and thorough knowledge of the dry 
goods trade, and has since devoted the whole of his 
time to the development of the enterprise of which 
since the lamented death of the Senator, he has been 
the head. 

Mr. Macdonald has always been a zealous supporter 
of the commercial interests of the city of Toronto, he 
is a prominent member of the P.oard of Trade, of the 



Ancient Order of United Workmen, the Commercial 
Travellers Association, the Caledonian Society, and 
the York Pioneers of the National Club. 

The vast business interest of John Macdonald have 
occupied the greater part of his time, leaving him but 
little leisure. His principle recreation has been driving, 
he being considered an expert horseman, and judge of 
horses. He has acted as judge of harness horses at 
the annual Toronto Exhibition for many years, and 
fills that capacity at numerous other places. Although 
he has had but little time to devote to outdoor sports, 
he is a firm believer in and encourager of athletics and 
all manly games and recreation, for the younger gener- 
ation. On August 5th, 1903, he married Miss Claire 
Hungerford, a daughter of W. A. Hungerford, of 
Belleville, Ontario. 

John Macdonald is undoubtedly one of the princi- 
pal commercial pillars of his native city, the mantle of 
honor and respect, which was won and held by his late 
father has fallen upon a worthy successsor in the son 
who bears the same well-known name, which has been 
a factor for years in the development of the mercantile 
communitv of Toronto. 



64 



ALEXANDER RAMSAY. 



Mr. Alexander Ramsay, Montreal, manufacturer 
and merchant, was born in Glasgow, Scotland, August 
I4th, 1840. His father, the late Alexander Ramsay, 
came to Canada in 1841, and founded the business now 
known under the name of A. Ramsay & Son, the fol- 
lowing year. Mr. Ramsay was educated in Montreal 
and joined the present business in 1858. Upon the 
death of his father in the year 1867 he then became the 
sole proprietor of the business. Mr. Ramsay has de- 
voted his whole attention and his whole energy to the 
development of his business, and has succeeded to such 
an extent that it is to-day one of the largest as it is 
among the oldest in its line in Canada. The firm 
manufactures white lead and mixed paints, oils, var- 
nishes and colors of all kinds, also mirrors and glass 
embossing, upwards of a hundred hands being employ- 
ed steadily in its two Montreal factories. The firm 
also imports plate glass, window glass, gold leaf, paint- 
ers' supplies, etc., so that it will be observed that the 
business is a very comprehensive one. Mr. Ramsay 
is, however, pre-eminently a man of system, and he has 
used that quality in the organization and regulation of 
his business with good effect. 



That his sound judgment and thorough practical 
knowledge of the special departments of trade with 
which the firm of A. Ramsay & Son are directly con- 
nected are appreciated by those best capable to judge, is 
shown by the responsible positions of trusts he holds in 
three important commercial bodies. Mr. Ramsay is 
President of the Dominion Plate Glass Insurance Com- 
pany, Vice-President of the Consolidated Plate Glass 
Company, and President of the White Lead and Color 
Association. 

Mr. Ramsay has been too much engrossed in busi- 
ness to allow himself to be drawn into public life, but 
as a mark of public confidence and in recognition of his 
high standing in the community he was given the ap- 
pointment of Justice of the Peace. Mr. Ramsay has 
been for some years a much-respected member of the 
Montreal Board of Trade. 

Mr. Ramsay was married in 1868 to Miss Lydia 
Clarke, daughter of the late James Clarke, of Bloom- 
field, Ont., and their family consists of five, three sons 
namely : A. F. Ramsay, W. A. Ramsay, W. B. Ram- 
say, in business with him, and two daughters, Miss J. 
M. Ramsay and Miss Lydia C. Ramsay. 



66 



ALEX. McARTHUR. 



The late .Mr. Alexander Me. \rthur like so many of 
our most successful men, first saw the light of day on 
a farm. He was horn at Cote St. Paul, in the parish 
of I.achine, on the 23rd day of August. 1849, tne 
soundest son of the late Colin McArthur. His educa- 
tion was received under the tuition of the late Mr. 
Charles Xicholls, of the Collegiate School, supplement- 
ed by a commercial course in the Montreal Kusiness 
College. At an early age he learned the hardware 
business with Messrs. P>enny, McPherson & Co., but 
it was not long until he engaged in business, in the 
manufacturing of roofing papers, etc., on his own ac- 
count. Success attended his enterprise from the start, 
and sixteen years ago he acquired the Jolicttc Paper 
Mills. P>y bringing them up to a high state of effi- 



ciency, the return upon capital invested was highly 
satisfactory. In business, as in private life, his career 
was without blemish, and his high standing amongst 
his fellow business men bore high testimony to the in- 
tegrity and honor of the man. A man of kindly and 
charitable disposition, he gave liberally to all deserving 
institutions, and his hand was ever ready to meet the 
call of poor and needy, who knew him as their 
friend. He was identified with many social clubs, 
in the membership of which his genial disposition made 
him a general favorite. 

In the year 1891 he married the daughter of James 
Crathern, Esq., of Montreal, who, with two young 
daughters, still survives him. Mr. McArthur's death 
occurred June i6th, 1903. 



60 



ANDREW A. ALLAN. 



Mr. Andrew A. Allan, third son of the late Mr. 
Andrew Allan, of lonontch, one of the founders of 
the Allan Line of Steamships, was born and brought 
up in Montreal. He is a member of the firm of H. & 
A. Allan, which consists of Hugh A, Allan, H. Mon- 
tagu Allan, Andrew A. Allan and Bryce J. Allan. 
The progress of the City of Montreal, not alone as a 
seaport, but as a commercial centre, has been closely 
bound up with, and during a certain important 
period was dependant upon the development of the 
Allan Line of steamships. The pioneer vessel of the 
Allan Line was a small sailing craft named the Jean, 
which was put into service on the route between 
Montreal and England in 1815, by Captain Alexander 
Allan, who had gained distinction and means in the 
transport service during the Peninsula War. The 
venture appears to have been successful from the 
start, and in a few years Captain Allan had a regular 
line of sailing vessels plying between Montreal and 
British ports. The establishment of this line had a 
stimulating effect upon the general trade of the port, 
and in 1833 Montreal was made a port of entry. In 
1852, when, owing to the successful dredging opera- 
tions carried on by the Commissioners, the river was 



becoming capable of floating large vessels, the Allan 
Line, which till then had been composed exclusively 
of sixteen sailing vessels, was reinforced by the 
"Indian" and the "Canadian," iron-built screw steam- 
ships of 1,500 tons register, and 250 indicated horse- 
power. These steamers, which were among the best 
found of their day, were the forerunners of a fleet, 
which, fnr equipment, safety and comfort, is not to be 
surpassed anywhere. As years went by the company, 
which had originally only plied between Montreal and 
I iverpool, started first a line to Glasgow, then to Lon- 
don, and afterwards by purchase of the Stile Line, 
extending their operations to the neighboring Re- 
public. 

Mr. Andrew A. Allan has been for some years a 
number of the Montreal Board of Trade, and is at the 
present time a member of the Council of that body. 
He is identified with numerous industrial and com- 
mercial corporations, among other official positions he 
holds, being Vice-president of the Dominion Oilcloth 
Company (Limited), and a director of the Canadian 
Rubber Company. He is a member of the Mount 
Royal Club, the St. James Club, the Montreal Hunt 
Club and the Forest and Stream Club. 



67 



BRYCE JAMES ALLAN. 



Mr. Bryce James Allan, No. 1 10 State street, Bos- 
ton, Mass., ship owner and agent of the Allan Line 
Steamship Company at Boston, Mass., was born in 
Montreal, August 2Oth, 1862, the third son of the late 
Sir Hugh Allan. Mr. Allan was educated at Bishop's 
College School, Lennoxville, and in France and Ger- 
many, and entered the office of H. & A. Allan, in 
Montreal, in 1880. He moved to Boston in 1884 to 
enter the office of H. & A. Allan in that city, and after 
familiarising himself thoroughly with the business of 
that firm, he succeeded to the agency in June, 1892. 



Mr. Allan at present holds a leading position in the 
social as well as the commercial community of Boston. 
His winter home on Beacon street, in Boston, and his 
new and beautiful summer estate at Beverly, are well 
known as resorts of fashion and cultme. 

He is a member of the St. James Club, Montreal ; 
the Somerset Club, Boston ; the Knickerbocker Club, 
New York : and the Junior Carlton Club, of London, 
England. 

June 2nd, 1896, Mr. Allan was married to Anna, 
daughter of General F. W. Palfrey, of Boston. 



TOUSSAINT BROSSEAIL 



Among the men who shine with particular bril- 
liancy at the Bar of the Province of Quebec, is Mr. 
Toussaint Brosseau, head of the legal firm, Brosseau, 
Lajoie, Lacoste and Quigley, of Montreal. He has 
won a world-wide reputation through personal efforts 
and success. 

Mr. Brosseau was born at Chambly, Quebec, Sep- 
tember 24th, 1857. His education was received dur- 
ing his ten years attendance at St. Mary's College, 
Montreal. The institution is directed by the Rev. 
Jesuit fathers, and has sent out many able young men, 
who have occupied eminent positions in the profes- 
sions and in politics. At St. Mary's College, Mr. 
Brosseau completed his course in Arts and Philoso- 
phy, and afterwards followed the law courses at 
Laval University, Montreal, where he graduated in 
1881. Mf. Brosseau's reputation had preceded him 
to the Bar, so that when he was admitted he at once 
took a place of importance, as partner in the law firm 



of Globensky, Bisaillon and I'.rosseau. He has won 
many cases of importance, and almost every year 
pleads before the Judicial Committee of the Privy 
Council in England. Later Mr. Brosseau formed his 
present firm, Brosseau, Lajoie Lacoste and Quigley. 

His office has been the rendezvous of many cap- 
italists seeking to form companies, and it is said that 
his practice in this connection is as extensive as the 
one he enjoys at the Bar. 

It is principally upon civil and commercial cases 
that Mr. Brosseau has been engaged. As a civil 
lawyer he has been engaged by many large companies 
in Canada and in the United States, and upon many 
technical legal points has obtained favorable decisions 
before the Privy Council. 

Though he holds strong political views and is a 
fluent speaker, he has never taken any part in politics, 
preferring at all times to devote himself to his pro- 
fession. 



69 



ROBERT PARKER. 



Standing at the head of his especial industry in the 
Dominion of Canada, Robert Parker is an instance of 
what personal application and organizing ability, com- 
bined with integrity and stead} 7 perseverance, can ac- 
complish from comparatively small beginnings, 
and in face of apparently insurmountable obstacles 
and difficulties. He is the sole proprietor of the 
famous dyeing and cleaning concern known as 
"Parkers' Dye Works, Toronto," with some four 
hundred agencies and fourteen branch offices dis- 
tributed over Canada in every principal city and 
town from the Atlantic to the 1'acific; thus forming 
the largest business of its kind in the country. The 
success of this vast enterprise may be said to be en- 
tirely due to the energy and ability of the subject of 
this sketch. Robert Parker was born in Manches- 
ter, England, on the loth of April, 1859. His parente 
died while he was yet in infancy, and he came over 
to Canada with his uncle, the late Thomas Parker, 
of Thornhill, who was for some time in the dyeing 
business in Montreal. After receiving a sound all- 
round education at Berthier-en-haut, Quebec, he ap- 
plied himself to mastering the trade of a dyer in every 
detail. In 1876 he left Montreal lor Yorkville, Out., a 
suburb of Toronto, where he established a dyeing 
works, and opened a branch office in Toronto. The 
history of the progress of this business, to which 
Robert Parker has devoted his lifework, is interesting. 
The business was then situated in a rough-cast one 
storey building at 107 Yonge street Yorkville, now 
Toronto, opposit Severns' Brewery, and part of the 
old building is still standing. 

In 1878 Mr. Wilmpt Castle, son of Dr. Castle, of 
McMaster University, Toronto, and Mr. Robert 



Parker formed a partnership, which was disolved in 
1897, Mr. Castle having secured control of a patent in 
the United States, and which compelled him to reside 
in Rochester, New York. 

The now successful and extensive business was 
founded with a modest capital of less than one thou- 
sand dollars, Air. Parker taking over Mr. Castles' in- 
terest and has been sole proprietor ever since, trading) 
under the name of R. Parker & Co. Failure seemed to 
stare Mr. Parker in the face, but by working late and 
early, with a thorough determination to succeed, the 
business gradually but surely forged ahead and increas- 
ed with rapid strides. In 1884 a lot was purchased on 
Yonge street, opposite Yorkville avenue, and a com- 
modious three-story building erected thereon, but after 
the first year in the new quarters, it proved too small,! 
and another three-story building was erected on the 
North side. Since then, other buildings have been 
erected from time to time to meet the demands of the 
rapid expansion of the concern. In 1893 upwards of 
$30,000.00 was paid in wages alone. 

In the course of a strenous and arduous business 
career Mr. Parker had, whenever opportunity offered, 
found his recreation in travel, both in America and 
Europe. He is a member of the National Club (of 
Toronto), and St. George's Society of Toronto, a Fel- 
low of the Royal Colonial Institute, London, Eng., 
and on the Board of Wycliffe College and Havergal 
Ladies College, of Toronto. 

On the 27th September, 1881, he maried Barbara 
Wilhelmina, second daughter of the late Donald Gor- 
don, of Embro, Ont, the union having been blessed 
with one son, Robert Gordon Parker. Mr. Parker re- 
sides at 26 Lowther Avenue, Toronto. 



70 




ff 






HON. HENRI B. RAINVILLE. 



The Hon. Henri B. Rainville, K.C., Speaker of the 
Legislative Assembly of the Province of Quebec, was 
born at St. Angele de Monnoir April 5th, 1853. His 
parents were Felix Rainville, farmer, and Marie 
Daignault, his wife. His ancestors came from 
Touques, in Normandy, Paul de Rainville, the founder 
of the Canadian head of the family, coming from 
Normandy about 1630, and settling at Beauport, just 
outside of Quebec. Mr. Rainville obtained his ele- 
mentary and classical education at the colleges of St. 
Hyacinthe and Ste. Angele de Monnoir, afterwards 
entering the law faculty of McGill University, and 
graduating with the degree of B.C.L. in 1873. Jan- 
uary 1 4th, 1874, he was admitted to the Bar and has 
been in practice ever since. At present he is head of 
the well-known law firm of Rainville, Archambault 
Gervais and Rainville. 

He was a member of the City Council of Montreal 
from 1882 until 1900, sitting for Centre Ward. Dur- 
ing the whole period of his municipal career he ex- 
erted great influence in the City Council, more especial- 



ly during the last four years of his term, when, as 
Chairman of the Finance Committee, he acted as lead- 
er of the Council. He was first returned to the Que- 
bec Provincial Legislature for Montreal, No. 3 (St. 
Louis) Division, at the general elections of 1890. He 
was defeated at the general elections of 1892, but was 
elected by a large majority at the general elections of 
1897 and 1900. A staunch Lioeral of the old school, 
a man of exceptional shrewdness and ready wit, and 
possessing a thorough knowledge of both the English 
and French languages, he is a man of great influence 
in his district. He was elected Speaker of the Legis- 
lative Assembly in 1900. 

July :8th, 1876, Mr. Rainville married Eugenie, 
daughter of the late Alexandre Archambault, who was 
a member of the old parliament of United Canada for 
L'Assomption County. 

Mr. Rainville is a Director of the Montreal Light, 
Heat & Power Company, of the Crown Life Insurance 
Company, of the Mount Royal Insurance Company, 
and many other financial institutions. 






71 



ROBERT STANLEY BAGG. 



Robert Stanley Bagg, Barrister, Solicitor and At- 
torney at Law, and I "resident of the Liberal-Conserva- 
tive Club was born in 1857, in Montreal, at the 
Old Manor House, at the corner of Sherbrooke and 
St. Erwin Streets. His father, the late Mr. Stanley 
Bagg, who has been dead some thirty years, was a 
gentleman of leisure, who inherited two estates, one 
in England, in the County of Durham, where he was 
a Justice of the Peace, the other, the well-known Bagg 
estate in Montreal, which comprises property in al- 
most every ward of the City, and many of the adjacent 
counties. Robert Stanley Bagg was educated at the 
High School, Montreal, and subsequently graduated 
from McCiill College, he then proceeded to England, 
where he completed his studies. He was called to 
the Bar in Montreal in 1873, but although he occupies 
commodious offices in the Temple Building, St. James 
Street, he has never practiced Law extensively, hav- 
ing devoted his life to travel, the administration of the 
family estate, he being the eldest son and heir thereto, 
and to public life for the benefit of his fellow-citizens. 
Mr. Bagg has travelled a great deal abroad, having 
visited various countries in Europe, Asia, Africa, In- 
dia, and has made extended tours in the British Isles 
and North America. 

The Bagg family traces its descent from the time of 
the old Norse Vikings, his ancestors landing in Eng- 
land with Hardicanute. Robert Stanley Bagg is a 
fine horseman, and was formerly a commanding officer 
in the Royal Scots of Canada, taking a prominent part 
in quelling the Quebec riots, and doing other active 
military duty, also holding certificates for his excellent 



horsemanship in the field. He has also taken an ac- 
tive part in every political election for many years 
past. In 1896 he was nominated as member of the 
St. Lawrence Division of the House of Commons, but 
resigned for political and personal reasons. 

.Mr. Bagg is a Governor of the Montreal General 
Hospital; a Governor of the Montreal Dispensary; a 
Governor of the Western Hospital; a member of the 
Historical Numismatical and Antiquarian Society of 
Montreal, which was founded by his late father; a 
member of the St. James Club, and the Hunt Club ; a 
member of the St. George's Society, and a life mem- 
ber of the Graduates' Society of McGill College. Mr. 
Bagg has always been a staunch supporter of out- 
door sports. He is one of the founders of St. George's 
Snow Shoe Club and House, a good shot and an expert 
canoeist. 

While in Europe he devoted considerable time to 
the study of music and art in Europe, and is an ama- 
teur sculptor artist and modeller of considerable merit, 
his paintings of Canadian scenery being much admired, 
his own country estate at Laurentian Hills, affording 
an infinite variety of charming subjects for his brush. 

Mr. Robert Stanley Bagg married Miss Clara 
Smithers, daughter of the late Charles Smithers, 
President of the Bank of Montreal. There are three 
children of the marriage, Harold Fortescue Stanley 
Bagg, Evelyn St. Claire Stanley Bagg, and Gwendo- 
lyn Catherine Stanley Bagg. A public spirited Ca- 
nadian and influential citizen, Mr. Bagg is a prominent 
figure in the social and political life of the country. 



72 




p 



HERBERT HALE WILLIAMS, 



Standing at the head of the real estate brokerage 
business in the City of Toronto, Herbert Hale Williams 
is a noteworthy instance of what Canadian enterprise 
combined with integrity, ability and determination can 
accomplish for a young man in this country. Herbert 
Hale Williams was born in Toronto on September 
2ist, 1862. His father, Henry Hurt Williams coming 
to Canada from Glamorganshire, Wales, was estab- 
lished in business in Toronto for many years. The 
subject of this sketch was educated in the public 
schools of Toronto, gaining a scholarship to the old 
Grammar School. Completing his education at an 
early age, Herbert Hale Williams was employed by 
one of the largest firms engaged in the lumber, tim- 
ber and buliding trade in his native city. With this 
firm he gained an extensive experience and expert 
knowledge of these industries, which has proven of 
invaluable service to him, in the exercise of his pre- 
sent profession as broker and dealer in and manager 
of real estate. This experience has also given him 
an undeniable advantage over the majority of his 
competitors as a proficient and reliable valuator. 

Finally Mr. Williams in 1886 launched out in busi- 
ness on his own account, establishing himself in Toron- 
to, as a Real Estate Broker, undertaking insurance, 
loans, the sale and management of estates and every 
branch of the real estate business. Starting without a 
single client, Mr. Williams speedily demonstrated to 
his fellow-citizens and the public, that he was specially 
qualified to skilfully handle each and every one of the 
lines of business he professed to undertake. His busi- 
ness steadily, yet rapidly, expanded, more than doubling 
itself every year, until it has reached its present vast 
proportions. Up to date, yet conservative in his me- 
thods, Herbert Hale Williams has developed his en- 
terprise, until it is without doubt the most important 



real ^state brokerage concern in the City of Toronto. 
He deals very extensively in high class, and indeed 
every description of property in that city and vicinity, 
the large volume of business transacted taking the en- 
ergies of a numerous staff of clerks and assistants. He 
has reliable correspondents in Montreal, Winnipeg, 
New York, Boston, Los Angeles, Kansas City, and all 
the principal cities and towns throughout the Dominion 
and the United States. He effects insurances on all 
kinds of property, and possesses unequalled facilities 
for investing trust and other funds on desirable se- 
curity with an ample margin, and in relation to this 
branch of Mr. Williams' business a great factor in his 
success has been his unerring expert judgment of 
real estate values, unbiased and honest opinions, and 
his keen desire to protect the interests of each and 
every one of his clients, in either separate, joint or mu- 
tual transactions. 

As an arbitrator in settling all disputes concerning] 
real estate transactions, he is in great demand, while 
rarely is a valuation of any important piece of city 
property completed without Mr. Williams' expert ser- 
vices being enlisted. His management of estates has 
earned for him an enviable reputation and in every in- 
stance, great improvement in the condition of and in- 
creased revenue speedily derived from all properties 
placed under his care. His commodious and conve- 
nient offices are at Nos. 6, 8 and 10 Victoria Stree.t; 
Toronto, and fitted with the most modern appoint- 
ments and facilities for conducting an up-to-date real 
estate business. 

Herbert Hale Williams has devoted his whole time, 
energies and abilities in the development of his business 
and as a gratifying result he has become the most 
prominent man in his profession, in his native city of 
Toronto. 



73 



EARL OF DUNDONALD. 



Major-General Douglas Mackinnon, B. H. Coch- 
rane, I2th. Earl of Dundonald, is the representative 
of a line ennobled in the year 1647, by Charles I. Sir 
William Cochrane, of the family which had been settled 
on the Barony of Cochrane in the West of Scotland 
for many centuries, was created Earl of Dundonald 
and Lord Cochrane of Paisley and Ochiltree in the 
Peerage of Scotland, for his services to the royalist 
cause. 

This family has been for generations connected 
with the Naval and Military services of Great Britain. 
The 7th Earl was killed at the siege of Louisburg in 
Canada in the year 1758. Archibald, the gt% Earl, 
served in the Royal Navy, and was distinguished for 
his work in Science, Chemistry, and Invention. Im- 
provements in the manufacture of white lead, the mak- 
ing of soda from salt, the extraction of tar from pit 
coal, and a treatise on the "Connection between Ag- 
riculture and Chemistry," are but a few of his many 
and varied contributions to the wealth of the nation. 

His son, Thomas the loth. Earl, after making a 
brilliant reputation in the British Navy in the wat 
against France, commanded in succession the fleets of 
Chili, Peru, Brazil, and Greece in the struggles of 
those countries for their independence. For his 
services to Brazil he was created Marquis of Maran- 
ham in the Empire of Brazil. He also was distin- 
guished as an inventor, being famous for his mys- 
terious "secret plans for the destruction of fleets and 
fortresses," and for his discovery of the uses of Trini- 
dad bitumen. He was the discover of many inven- 
tions in collection with marine engineering, and was 
also the inventor of tunnelling under water by com- 
pressed air. 

Admiral Sir Alexander Cochrane, uncle of the 
above, a distinguished admiral, was at one time Com- 
mander-in-Chief of the North America Station. 

Admiral of the Fleet Sir Thomas Cochrane, son 
of the above, was Commander-in-Chief of the 
Squadron in the First Chinese War. 

Admiral Sir Arthur Cochrane, a distinguished nav- 
al officer, is the uncle of the present Peer. Thomas, 
nth. Earl, the father of the present Peer, served on 
the Staff in Canada in 1838, and was afterwards 
Quartermaster-General to the Forces in China. 

The 1 2th. and present Earl was born in Scotland, 
October 2gth, 1852. He was educated at Eton, and 
in his I7th year, July 1870, entered the Army. In 
1878, he married Winifred, daughter of the late R. 
B. Hesketh, Esq., of Gwrych Castle, Abergele. In 
1884, he went to the Soudan in command of a detach- 
ment of the Camel Corps in the expedition for the re- 
lief of Khartoum. He rode with despatches, an- 
nouncing the occupation of Gakdul Wells. He took 
part in the actions of Abu Klea and Gubat, and after 
the last fight he acted as guide to two night convoys 
from Gubat to the base, and to reinforcements on the 
march from Gakdul to the front. He commanded 



the transport and baggage of Sir Herbert Stewart's 
Desert Column on the march to Metammeh, and vol- 
unteered to carry the despatches across the Desert, 
from Metammeh, announcing the fall of Khartoum. 
For his services in this campaign he was mentioned 
in despatches and received the medal with two clasps 
and the Khedive's bronze star, with the brevet of 
Lieutenant-Colonel for distinguished service in the 
field (June, 1885,). In 1889 he reached the rank of 
full Colonel in the Army, and in 1895 commanded the 
2nd Life Guards. 

On the outbreak of the South African war in Oc- 
tober, 1899, ne went to Natal as a volunteer, and Sir 
Redvers Buller gave him the command of the Mounted 
Troops in Natal on November 22nd. In command 
of this Brigade, consisting mainly of Colonial Irreg- 
ulars, he took a prominent and successful part in all 
the fighting of the Natal Army, including the 
battle of Cloenso, the seizure of Potgeiter's 
Drift, Acton Homes, Spion Kop, Vaal Kranz, 
the capture of Cingolo Mountain, Pieter's Hill, 
and, in command of his Brigade, led the advance 
of the Natal Army into Ladysmith on Feb- 
ruary 28th, 1900, after its four months' siege. Sub- 
sequently he led his command, in which were combined 
the Mounted Brigade of the Natal Army, and the Na- 
tal Volunteer Brigade, with consistent success in the 
advance of the Army of Natal, taking part in the at- 
tack on the Biggarsberg and the pursuit of the Boers 
from Natal, and the actions at Laing's Mek, Alman's 
Nek, Botha's Pass, and Belfast. His pursuit of the 
Boers across the Biggarsberg to Laing's Nek a forty- 
mile ride through fire and smoke was described by 
Sir Redvers Buller as "very fine performance indeed." 
He returned to England when the Brigade was finally 
broken up. For these services he was mentioned six 
times in despatches, received the medal with six clasps, 
and was promoted to the rank of Major-General for 
distinguished service in the field. 

In January, 1885, he succeeded to the Earldom of 
Dundonald on the death of his father, and the same 
year was elected one of the sixteen representative 
peers for Scotland. He is the discoverer of numerous 
inventions of considerable value. 

On July 2Oth, 1902, he was gazetted to the com- 
mand of the Canadian Militia. He is the author of 
a scheme for the re-organization of the Canadian 
Militia on entirely new lines. He has also written a 
new drill and training book suitable both for cavalry 
and infantry, which is likely to have very wide ap- 
plication. He has also organized the Cadet Corps 
system, and has created various other organizations 
for the improvement of the militia. He believes 
thoroughly in the citizen soldier, provided the 
leaders are well trained and the organization and 
Departments are perfect. 

His residence is Crichton Lodge, Ottawa. 



74 






DAVID MORRICE. 



Mr. David Morrice, merchant and manufacturers' 
agent, and head of the firm cf David Morrice & Sons, 
Montreal, was born at St. Martin, Perthshire, Scot- 
land, August nth, 1829. He was educated at his 
native place, and after leaving school engaged in vari- 
ous business pursuits in Scotland and Ireland, acquir- 
ing a broad, general knowledge of commercial life, 
which has proved very useful to him. Mr. Morrice 
came to Canada in 1855, first proceeding to Toronto, 
and after a short residence in that city moving to 
Montreal, where, in 1863, he established the firm of 
David Morrice & Company. Mr. Morrice admitted 
his sons, Messrs. W. J. Morrice and David Morrice, 
junior, into partnership in 1882, the style of the firm 
then being changed to its present designation, David 
Morrice & Sons. The firm, which has a warehouse in 
Toronto as well as in Montreal, controls the output of 
some of the largest cotton and woollen mills in Canada, 
including the seven mills of the Canadian Colored 
Cotton Mills Company, of which Mr. David Morrice is 
president, and the woollen mills of the Penman Manu- 
facturing Company, Auburn, Ontario. 



.Mr. Morrice is officially connected with several 
great commercial corporations. He is president of 
the Montreal Investment and Freehold Company, a 
director of the Crows' .Vest Coal Company (which 
owns and operates mines in the Crows' Xest Pass), of 
the Cumberland Coal and Railway Company, and of 
the Royal Victoria Insurance Company. The name of 
Mr. David Morrice will always be intimately associated 
with the Montreal Presbyterian College, of the Board 
of Management of which institution he is chairman. In 
1882 Mr. .Morrice erected and donated to the College 
at a cost of $80,000 the beautiful David Alorricc Hall, 
and he has made other generous donations to the insti- 
tution. He is also connected with the governing bodies 
of the Montreal General Hospital, the V. M. C. A., the 
Montreal Sailors' Institute, the Protestant House of 
Industry and Refuge, and various other institutions. 

He was for some time intimately associated with 
the management of the Montreal Art Association, and 
at present takes an interest in that institution. 



75 



WILLIAM FRANCIS CARSLEY, 



President of one of the largest retail dry goods 
and departmental stores in Canada, "The S. Carsley 
Company, Limited," few men occupy a more promin- 
ent position in this particular business than William 
Francis Carsley, of Montreal. He is a native of that 
City, having- been born there on 2nd of September, 
1868. His father, Samuel Carsley, came to Canada 
many years ago from Shropshire. England, and found- 
ed the celebrated Canadian .Mercantile House, which 
bears his name. William Francis Carsley was educat- 
ed at Lincoln College. Sorel, Quebec, and on the com- 
pletion of his studies, went to England, in order to 
gain a thorough knowledge of the methods employed 
in that country in the dry goods trade. He was ap- 
prenticed for two years in Tanton, Somerset, especial 
pains being taken to give him the most expert exper- 
ience possible. After which he spent eight months in 
Lyons, France, studying the silk industry. Before 
returning to Montreal to join his father's well-known 
house, W. F. Carsley travelled extensively over 



Europe, making himself familiar with all the great 
commercial centres of that continent. When the S. 
Carsley 's stores were formed into the present limited 
company in 1896 he was elected Vice-President, sub- 
sequently he became President, the position he now so 
ably occupies. 

Wm. Francis Carsley is a great believer in the ma- 
terial future success of Canada, and especially of Mon- 
treal, his native city. He is interested in city real 
estate, and is a staunch supporter of various local com - 
mercial enterprises. He is a member of the Montreal 
Board of Trade and the Royal St. Lawrence Yacht 
Club, a Governor of the Montreal General Hospital 
and a member of the Church of England. 

A leading merchant interesting himself as he does 
in various charities and always ready to lend his aid 
to any project for the benefit of Canada's Metropolis, 
he is already recognized as one of Canada's younger 
men. 






76 



ROBERT CRAIK, MJX, LL.D. 



Robert Craik, M.I)., LL.I)., formerly Dean of the 
Faculty of Medicine of McGill University, Montreal, 
and now a 7iiember of its Board of Governors and of the 
Royal Institution for the Advancement of Learning, was 
born in Montreal, April 22nd, 1829. He comes from 
an old Scottish Border family, which has long been 
scattered, the Craiks of Craik in Roxburghshire, his 
parents coming to Canada from Edinburgh in 1818. 

Dr. Craik received his early education at " Brace's 
School " in Montreal, matriculating at McGill University 
in 1850, and graduating with the degree of M.D. and 
"First in Honours" in 1854. On graduation he took up 
the appointment of House Surgeon of the Montreal 
General Hospital, and at once found himself in a position 
of exceptional responsibility. It was the year of a 
serious outbreak of Asiatic cholera, and the General 
Hospital had its full share of the patients ; but thanks 
to careful administration, the deadly disease was pre- 
vented from spreading to any of the other patients. In 
1856 he was appointed Demonstrator of Anatomy in 
McGill University, with entire charge of the practical 
anatomical work, holding that appointment until I860. 
In 1859 he was also made Curator of the Pathological 
Museum. In 1860 he resigned the position of House 
Surgeon of the Montreal General Hospital to take up 
private practice, being, however, made a member of the 
Governing Board of the hospital, in recognition of his 
services and his professional skill. The same year he was 
appointed Professor of Clinical Surgery at McGill, 
holding that chair until 1867. During this period of 
his professional career, Dr. Craik made a specialty of 
resection of joints and ovariotomy, and with notable 
success. Such operations were then rare in Canada, 
and Dr. Craik's successes commanded universal attention. 

In 1866 Dr. Craik took temporary charge of the work 
of the Chair of Chemistry; and in 1867, on his own pre- 
ference, was appointed to that chair permanently, resign- 
ing that of Clinical Surgery. He remained Professor of 
Chemistry until 1879, when he resigned the chair, becom- 
ing Emeritus Professor. 

Meantime he held other positions of responsibility and 
trust in the Faculty of Medicine. He was Registrar from 
1869 to 1877, and Treasurer from 1875 to 1889. 

In 1889 he became Dean of the Faculty on the death 
of Dr. R. P. Howard, also taking the chair of Hygiene 
and Public Health. In the same year, Dr. Craik was 
appointed a member of the Provincial Board of Health. 



Dr. Craik held the appointment of Dean of the Faculty 
until 1901, and during his administration the progress of 
the Faculty was phenomenal. Vast additions were made 
to the buildings and equipment, and the number of pro- 
fessors and teachers was doubled. The number of 
students also was more than doubled. In 1888-89 the 
number was 227; in 1900-01 the number had risen to 
490, of whom 407 were undergraduates. 

During the same period the Montreal General Hospital, 
so intimately associated with the work of the Faculty, 
was extended, remodelled and practically rebuilt, and the 
Royal Victoria Hospital, also closely allied with the 
Faculty, was built, equipped and established as a great 
working hospital. In all of these operations Dr. Craik 
took a prominent and active part. In 1895 he received 
the Honorary Degree of LL.I). from his Alma Mater in 
recognition of " eminent services to public health, to the 
University, and to medical education." 

It is interesting to note that in his graduation Thesis, 
written and published in the Mnfrr<il Medical Chrunu-le 
in 1854, Dr. Craik advanced the theory that the class of 
Infectious Diseases had an origin in a specific cell or germ 
for each disease, and confidently predicted that before 
long these specific germs would be discovered. He even 
went the length of indicating the direction in which the 
search would be probably successful. This is claimed to 
be the first occasion upon which an author advanced the 
now universally accepted " germ theory," the develop- 
ment of which lias had such a marked effect upon medical 
science. 

Dr. Craik has found time in his busy professional life 
to devote attention to agriculture and the turf. He is an 
enthusiastic farmer and breeder of fine stock. At his 
country place, " Craikstone," situated on the northern 
outskirts of Montreal, Dr. Craik has developed one of the 
finest herds of Polled Angus cattle in America, a herd 
which won many prizes at the World's Fair at Chicago in 
1893 ; and he is now engaged in perfecting an equally fine 
herd of Holstein-Friesian dairy cattle. Many thorough- 
bred horses from his stables have won fame for them- 
selves and their owners on the turf, and he has several 
Queen's Plates and Hunt Cups to his credit. 

In 1856 Dr. Craik married Alice, eldest daughter of the 
late Alexander Symmers, of Dublin, Ireland, Solicitor in 
Chancery. Mrs. Craik died in 1874 without issue. 

Dr. Craik is a member of the Mount Royal, St. James, 
Bel-Air, and Hunt Clubs. 



77 



SIR JOSEPH HICKSON. 



The late Sir Joseph Hickson was born at Otter- 
burn, Northumberland, England, in the year 1830. 
After obtaining a sound business education in various 
schools in Northumberland, Sir Joseph Hickson, at a 
comparatively early age began his business career with 
a large carrying firm, in the days preceding the com- 
pletion of the railway sysrem between England and 
Scotland. Having acquired considerable insight into 
the complexities of the carrying trade of those days, he 
entered the service of the North Eastern Railway of 
England, where he gained his first knowledge of rail- 
way operations, a knowledge that was destined to pro- 
duce a most phenomenal career and to be turned to the 
advantage and the benefit of Canada. After a few 
years with this company. Sir Joseph filled an impor- 
tant position on the Maryport and Carlisle Railway 
until 1851, when he went to Manchester to fill the posi- 
tion of assistant traffic manager of the Manchester, 
Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway, in the service of 
which corporation his promotion was very rapid. 
Ten years afterwards, when he became assistant to the 
general manager of the line, he attracted the attention 
of Sir Edward Watkin, who at that time was presi- 
dent of the Grand Trunk Railway of Canada, and one 
of the leading railway magnates of the day. Sir 
Edward offered him the position of accountant to 
the Grand Trunk Railway, which he accepted. He 
arrived in Canada on the 3ist December, 1861. and 
took up his residence in Montreal where he continued 
to reside up to the time of his death in 1897. His 
railway career in Canada was one of the most remark- 
able on record, being characterized by rapid promo- 
tion and unusual success. Not long after he joined 
the service of the company he was made secretary- 
treasurer, and on the retirement of Mr. C. J. Brydges, 



managing director, in 1874, was promoted to the posi- 
tion of general manager of the line, which position he 
filled with marked distinction until 1891, when he retir- 
ed in order to enjoy a well-earned rest. During the last 
seventeen years of his connection with the company, in 
addition to having the management of the G. T. R. 
proper in his hands, he had charge of all its affiliated 
lines, and was either president, vice-president or direc- 
tor of nearly twenty companies, having control of the 
interests of most of them. During the period of Sir 
Joseph Hickson's management the Grand Trunk made 
rapid strides forward, forming connections that secur- 
ed to Canada many substantial trading benefits, the 
most marked of these being the establishment of a 
direct line between Montreal and Chicago by the acqui- 
sition of the Chicago and Grand Trunk Railway. 
While under Sir Joseph Hickson's charge the mileage 
of the G. T. R. increased from 1,383 to 3,487 miles, a 
development which testifies in a convincing manner to 
the enterprise and foresight of the general manager. 

For the ability Sir Joseph Hickson displayed in the 
management of Canada's oldest great railway, and for 
the valuable national services thus rendered, he was 
knighted by Queen Victoria in 1890, the announce- 
ment of the conferring of this honor being received in 
the Dominion, hailed with general satisfaction. 

Sir Joseph Hickson always showed himself a public 
spirited citizen of Montreal and took a lively and gen- 
erous interest in the city's chief benevolent and artistic 
institutions. He was also interested in various bank- 
ing, manufacturing and industrial enterprises. 

An acknowledgement of his public spirit and sound 
judgment was his appointment to the position of pre- 
sident of the Royal Commission on the Liquor Traffic 
in 1895. 



78 




7 




HON. JEAN DAMIEN ROLLAND. 



Honorable Jean Damien Holland, Manufacturer 
and Member of the Legislative Council of the Pro- 
vince of Quebec, was born in the city of Montreal, in 
1841, his father being- the late Hon. J. B. Rolland, 
member of the Dominion Senate, and wholesale station- 
er and manufacturer. After the completion of his edu- 
cation at the Christian Brothers' School and St. Mary's 
College, Montreal, he entered upon his business career 
in the firm founded by his father in 1842. At the 
age of eighteen, in 1859, he was admitted to partner- 
ship by his father, the firm assuming the name of J. 
B. Rolland and Fils. Upon his father's death, in 
1888, he became head of the firm, and was elected 
President, in succession to his late father, of the Rol- 
land Paper Company, St. Jerome. The Hon. Mr. 
Rolland is also President of the Franco-Belgian "S.S. 
Company, Vice-President of the Montreal and West- 
ern Railway, a Director of the Hochelaga Bank, and 
a Director of the Canadian Manufacturers' Life As- 
surance Company. He is a member of both the Mon- 
treal Board of Trade and the Chambre de Commerce, 



and was for several years a member of the council of 
the first named body. He is also a former President 
of the Dominion Commercial Travellers' Association. 

Mr. Rolland is a man of keen public spirit, and at 
first found expression in active participation in muni- 
cipal affairs in the former suburban town of Hoche- 
laga, now a ward of the City of Montreal. He was, 
for years, a member of the town council, and from 
1876 to 1879, mayor. On the annexation of Hoche- 
laga to the City he became an alderman in the City 
Council, and occupied his seat for several years, having 
the honor to obtain that dignity of Chairman of the 
Finance Committee and leader of the Council. He is 
Vice-President, and was one of the founders of the 
Citizens League, and was also for some years a mem- 
ber of the Montreal Harbor Commissioners. Mr. 
Rolland was called to the Legislative Council Novem- 
ber 1 6th, 1896. 

In 1864 he was married to Mile. Albina Parent, of 
Montreal. 



79 



GEORGE WALTER SADLER. 



George Walter Sadler, Montreal, manufacturer of 
leather belting, alderman of the City of Montreal and 
member of the Civic Finance Committee (1904), was 
born in the city named, March 7th, 1852, his parents 
being John T. Sadler and Ann Peckett, his wife, both 
natives of England. Mr. Sadler is a self-made man, 
and rather proud of it. After receiving a sound 
elementary education at the McGill Model School, he 
began his business career at fourteen years of age, as 
an office and errand boy. In 1869, he went to Bos- 
ton and learned the business in which he has been 
ever since engaged, the manufacture of leather belt- 
ing. He returned to Montreal in 1874, and was 
superintendent of a factory for two years. In 1876 
he started in business with his former partner, the 
late Thomas Robin, under the name of Robin & 
Sadler. Mr. Sadler is at the present time senior 
partner of the business, which is carried on under the 
name of Sadler and Haworth, tanners and manu- 
facturers of leather belting, with factory and head 
office in Montreal, and western branch at Toronto, 
their tanneries being situated at Stanbridge East, 
P.Q. Apart from this business, Mr. Sadler is in- 
terested in several other Canadian industries, and is a 



director of the International Mercantile Agency and 
of the People's Mutual Building Society. 

Notwithstanding, however, the duties imposed upon 
him by the concerns above mentioned, Mr. Sadler 
has been able to give some of his time for the benefit 
of his native city, and has been an alderman of the 
City of Montreal since 1896, and for most of his term 
has had the honor of sitting on the Finance Commit- 
tee, of which important body he is the senior member. 

Alderman Sadler is a member of the Montreal 
Board of Trade and of the Executive Council of the 
Canadian Manufacturers' Association. He is also a 
governor of the Montreal General Hospital, the 
Western Hospital and the Protestant Hospital for the 
Insane. He has always taken considerable interest in 
manly sports, and is a life member of the Montreal 
Amateur Athletic Association. He is also a member 
and a past president of the Montreal Caledonia Curling 
Club. He is also a member of the St. James Club 
and of St. Lawrence Lodge, A. F. & A. M., English 
register. 

Alderman Sadler was married at Kingston, Ont., 
in 1872, to Elizabeth McNeice. 



80 



J. P. DAWES. 



James P. Dawes, brewer, was born at Lacliine, 
Que., July ijt'n, 1843, ms father being James Dawes, 
brewer and farmer, who was of English parentage, 
his mother's maiden name being Mary Leishman. 
Mr. Dawes was educated in Montreal, and on the com- 
pletion of his education entered into active participa- 
tion in his father's extensive brewing and farming 
operations at Lachine. Mr. Dawes has been associat- 
ed with that business in connection with his father, 
and his brothers ever since. Mr. Dawes is intimately 
associated with several of the leading financial and 
commercial corporpuons of Canada. 

He is a Director of the Merchants P>ank of Canada, 
Vice-President of the Dominion Bridge Company, 



Vice-President of the Windsor Hotel Company, Presi- 
dent of the Dorval Turnpike Trust, Director of the 
Alliance Insurance Company, etc. Mr. Dawes is also 
a member of the Mount Royal Club, Montreal ; the 
St. fames Club, Montreal ; the Forest and Stream 
Club", Dorval ; the Royal Montreal Golf Club, the 
Royal St. Lawrence Club, and the Montreal Hunt 
Club. He is a life member of the Manhattan Club, 
X<'\v York. Mr. Dawes' name is widely known, as 
a generous and systematic patron of the turf, and his 
racing colors have been borne to victory in some of 
the most famous steeplechase and running contests in 
the United States and Canada. 



81 



JEAN BAPTISTE MARTIN. 



Air. Jean Baptiste Martin, of the well-known 
wholesale grocery firm of Laporte, Martin & Com- 
pany, 76 St. Peter street, Montreal, was born in 
Montreal, December (jth, 1850. He is a descendant of 
a very old French Canadian family, founded in 1688 
by a settler from France, famed in the little colony 
no less for his soldierly qualities than for his success 
in agriculture. Mr. J. 1!. Martin's parents were Jean 
Baptiste Martin, a shoemaker, and Adeline Reabean, 
his wife. After receiving an elementary education at 
the Christian Brothers' schools in Montreal, Mr. 
Martin entered the employ of Mr. G. G. Gaudet, 
general store keeper, as a clerk, retaining that posi- 
tion for three years. He subsequently entered the 
employ of Mr. Edward Turgeon, and later that of 
Messrs. Quintal Fils, wholesale grocers, remaining in 
that position for thirteen years, and leaving it to form a 
partnership with Mr. Hormisdas Laporte in 1888. 
His subsequent business career is that of this well- 
known house. Although Mr. Martin's best efforts 
have been concentrated upon his business pursuits, 
being of a patriotic disposition he devoted consider- 
able time to the active militia service, and holds both 
first and second-class qualifying certificates. He is 
by natural conviction an ardent Liberal, but he has 
never aspired to public office of any kind, finding the 
claims of his business too exacting to permit of hi* 



engaging actively in politics. His chief hobby and 
recreation is reading, and for the gratification of his 
literary tastes he has accumulated at his house a fine 
library of 4,000 well selected books, English as well 
as French. For the benefit of his health he has 
devoted a moderate attention to athletic exercise, being 
a member of the Montreal Amateur Athletic Associa- 
tion, and being a skillful bowler. Mr. Martin has also 
done his share towards the support of various bene- 
volent and charitable organizations. He is a membei 
of the Independent Order of Foresters, the St. 
Joseph's Society, the Artisans Society, the Alliance 
Nationale, the Union St. Pierre and the St. Vincent 
cle Paul Society. Of the last named truly noble chari- 
table society, Mr. Martin has been secretary for 
eighteen years. 

Mr. Martin has been married twice ; first February 
20, 1871, to Julie, daughter of Cyrile Gagnon, of 
Montreal, who died February 25, 1878, and secondly 
to Elmina Darveau, daughter of Joseph Darveau, 
printer, of Quebec. Of the first marriage there was 
one son, Albert Martin, and of the second, two sons 
and two daughters George Martin, medical student ; 
Alexandre Martin, student in engineering ; and the 
Misses Calista and Fabiola Martin. Mr. Martin's 
family residence is 331 Richmond street, Montreal. 



82 






FREDERICK JOHN WEBER. 



Mr. Frederick John Weber, president of the Steel 
Storage and Elevator Construction Company of Buf- 
falo, N.Y., was born at Niagara Falls, Ont., November 
i6th, 1859. His father and mother came from Leip- 
sig, Germany, in the early forties, and first located in 
Buffalo, N.Y., subsequently moving to Niagara Falls, 
Ont., his father being in business for many years as a 
merchant and manufacturer at Clifton, Ont. 

Mr. F. J. Weber after completing the course in the 
public schools on the Canadian side, entered the Aca- 
demy at Niagara Falls, N.Y., and soon after his gra- 
duation therefrom, turned his attention to the business 
of a tin and coppersmith, thoroughly mastering that 
trade. This accomplished, he moved to Carey, Ohio, 
devoting the next five years of his life to the hardware, 
steam-fitting and plumbing business. Natural gas 
was discovered in Ohio about this time, and with many 
others, Mr. Weber caught the fever and took up several 
leases. Organizing a company known as the Carey 
Natural Gas Company, in which he succeeded in in- 
teresting a number of Detroit capitalists. He thor- 
oughly exploited the " East Finlay Field," forty-two 
oil and gas wells oeing drilled in six years, all proving 
successful, and supplying gas to Carey, Upper San- 
dusky and Vanlue, Ohio. In 1890, Mr. Weber moved 
to Toledo, Ohio, to engage in the manufacture of 
stamped and sheet steel work, supplying large dealers 
in hardware all over the United States with these 
goods. In 1893, a great fire, which destroyed several 
extensive grain elevators and many large blocks of 
busuiess houses, occurred in Toledo, and impressed 
Mr. Weber with the importance of providing a per- 
fectly fire-proof style of structure for grain storage and 
elevators. He immediately took steps to solve the 
problem, and after experimenting for five years at 



heavy expense, he succeeded, obtaining eleven letters 
patent for the United States and Canada, covering not 
merely '.he most essential parts of the construction, but 
also the pneumatic handling of grain through steel 
tubes. The first fireproof grain elevator in the United 
States' 311 this system was constructed at Toledo in 
1894. The success of Air. Weber's invention resulted 
in the organization of the Steel Storage and Elevator 
Construction Company, to exploit it, Mr. Weber being 
the president and general manager of this corporation. 
The company has constructed no less than one hundred 
elevators on this system in various sections of Canada 
and the United States, extending from the Atlantic to 
the 1'acific. One of the largest of these is the Great 
Eastern Elevator at Buffalo, which has a storage capa- 
city of 2,500,000 bushels. Also just completed a mil- 
lion bushel capacity elevator for the Harbour Com- 
missioners at Montreal. The construction is such 
that there can be no corrosion from dampness, and the 
structure is absolutely germ and vermin proof. The 
total receiving capacity of this elevator from cars and 
boats in one season is 50,000,000 bushels. 

Mr. Weber is president of the Fort Erie Ferry 
Railway Company, president of the International Ferry 
Company operating a line of ferry boats between Buf- 
falo, N. Y., and Fort Erie, Ontario, and member of 
the Merchants' Exchange of Buffalo. He is also a 
member of the Board of Directors of the Manufac- 
turers' Club of Buffalo, N.Y., and a member of the 
Ellicott and Liberal Clubs, and of Lake Erie Com- 
mandery of Knights Templar of the same city. 

Mr. Weber was married, May I7th, 1883, to Miss 
Mollie E. Will, of Carey, Ohio, and has one daughter, 
Miss Grace Weber. 



83 



SAMUEL JOHN MOORE, 



Samuel John Moore occupies a strong position in 
the commercial and manufacturing community of the 
City of Toronto. ' He was born on 3rd August, 1859, 
in Doddington, Northamptonshire, England, his father 
Isaac Moore, being a merchant of the English metro^ 
polis, who brought his family to Canada in 1871, and 
settled in Barrie, Out. Samuel John Moore was edu- 
cated in London, Eng., and Barrie, Ont., and on the 
completion of his studies, entered the office of the 
Barrie Gazette, and quickly rose through the various 
grades to be local editor, gaining six years valuable ex- 
perience during his connection with that journal. He 
then spent a year in Texas in the newspaper busi- 
ness. His inclination to return to Canada, brought 
him from that southern State, back to Toronto, 
where he settled down, preferring to be identified 
with the success or failure of the Dominion to 
that of any other country. He entered into partner- 
ship with a publishing house, and in 1884 he estab- 
lished the book manufacturing firm of Carter & 
Company, which has expanded and developed into 



the well-known Carter-Grume Company, of Toronto, 
of which Mr. Moore is now the vice-president and 
general manager. He is interested in a number of 
commercial and financial enterprises, being Presi- 
dent of the William A. Rogers, Limited ; President 
of the City Dairy Company, Limited ; Vice- 
President of the Metropolitan Bank, a director of the 
Imperial Life Assurance Company, one of the three 
Trustees of the Massey Music Hall Trust, and active- 
ly participates in the conduct of several other com- 
panies. 

Samuel John Moore is a member of the Board of 
Governors and Senate of McMaster University and a 
member of the Toronto Club. He is closely associated 
with the religious interests of Toronto, and is a mem- 
ber of the Baptist denomination, and has for the past 
fifteen years been President of the West End branch 
of the Young Men's Christian Association. In 1878, 
Mr. Moore married a daughter of Alexander Lang, 
Justice of the Peace of Barrie, Ont. His residence is 
Beech Rest, Toronto. 



84 



DAVID MORRICE, JR. 



Mr. David Morrice, Jr., member of the firm of 
David Morrice & Sons, Montreal Merchants and Man- 
ufacturers' Agents, is the second son of the head of 
that firm. He was born at Montreal in 1863 and edu- 
cated at the High School of Montreal, and the Col- 
legiate Institute, Gait, Ont. After leaving the last- 
mentioned institution, Mr. Morrice and his elder bro- 
ther, Mr. W. J. Morrice, proceeded to Manchester, 
England, where, preliminary to entering their father's 
firm, established in Montreal in 1863, they spent two 
years profitably in the great dry goods house of Ry- 
lands & Sons, Limited. Mr. David Morrice, Jr., be- 



ing intended to take charge of the warehouse depart- 
ment of the Montreal firm, went through all the differ- 
ent departments of the Manchester house, his brother 
entering the office. In 1882, the brothers returned to 
Montreal and were admitted into partnership with their 
father, the firm name being changed to its present 
designation, David Morrice, Sons & Co. 

Mr. David Morrice, Jr., has business connections 
outside of the firm. He is a director in the Canadian 
Coloured Cotton Co., Limited, and Penman Manufac- 
turing Company, Paris. Ont. He is married to a 
daughter of the late Mr. R. L. Gault, Montreal. 



85 



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ALFRED BICKERTON EVANS. 



Alfred Bickerton Evans, the managing director of 
the well-known firm of Evans & Sons, Limited, whole- 
sale drug merchants and manufacturing chemists, of 
Montreal, was born near Birkenhead, Cheshire, Eng- 
land, on gth May, 1864. His father, Edward Evans, 
developed the famous firm of Evans, Sons & Company, 
in Liverpool now Evans, Sons, Lescher & Webb, 
Limited, the present firm of Evans & Sons, Limit- 
ed, of Montreal, Toronto and New York City, and is 
now, at the age of eighty-seven, the 'Father of the 
Drug Trade of England.' Alfred Bickerton Evans, 
after attending a preparatory school at Harrow, com- 
pleted his education at Shrewsbury, one of the oldest, 
best and largest public schools in England. After 
leaving school he at once entered the office of his fath- 
er's firm in Liverpool where he thoroughly mastered 
the business of the drug trade and became also a recog- 
nized authority on pharmaceutical matters. Eighteen 
years ago he came to Montreal to manage the Canadian 
branch of the parent firm, with offices and warehouses 
in Montreal, Toronto and one in the United States at 
Boston, Massachusetts, which has since been removed 
to New York City. Mr. Evans has ever since made his 
headquarters in Montreal, where, on arrival, he stepped 
into commercial prominence and has continued to be 
and still remains one of the leading merchants of the 
city. He is a member of the Mount Royal Club, the 
St. James' Club, the Forest and Stream Club, the Hunt 
Club, and St. George's Society. In 1894, he was mar- 
ried to a daughter of the late John Cassils, of Mont- 
real. He has two children. 

The firm of which Alfred Bickerton Evans is the 
Canadian head, is one of the largest concerns in the 
world engaged in the manufacture and wholesale deal- 
ing in drugs and chemicals. It was originally founded 
by the grandfather of the subject of this sketch, the 
late John Evans, nearly a century ago, who started the 
business in London which has always borne his name 
at the head, during its lengthy existence. As has been 
stated, Edward Evans, after learning the business un- 
der his father's auspices in London, assumed control 01 
the Liverpool house, and eventually the Canadian Com- 
pany of Evans & Sons, Limited, was formed. The 
business is run as a distinct concern, but still in con- 
junction with the old London and Liverpool parent 
firms which have now amalgamated and are now 
known as Evans Sons, Lescher and Webb, Limited, 
Liverpool and London. Of this newly-formed com- 
pany Alfred Bickerton Evans is a Senior Director, and 
his brother John J. Evans is Chairman of the Board of 
Directors, while his other two brothers, Edward Evans, 
Jr., and W. P. Evans, are also upon the directorate. 

The warehouses, offices, laboratory and mills of 
Evans & Sons, Limited, in Montreal, were originally 
situated on St. Jean Baptiste Street, but the increasing 
business of the company has rendered a large addition 
in office and warehouse space necessary, and recently, 
having purchased the adjoining property, they have 
erected a solid building of Montreal limestone front- 
ing on St. Gabriel Street, which now comprises the 



most convenient and commodious premises occupied by 
any house in the drug trade in Canada. 

A brief description of these premises which have 
been planed and designed under the personal super- 
vision of Mr. A. B. Evans, will not be out of place here. 
The main offices, including the book-keeping depart- 
ment, counting house and Mr.Evans' private office oc- 
cupy the whole of the grounding floor, and, fitted in 
chestnut and oak, form elegant offices of the most 
commodious character. 

Evans and Sons, Limited, were the pioneer house 
in the drug trade of Canada to handle photographic 
supplies, and a great portion of the second floor of the 
new building is devoted to the photographic depart- 
ment, which has developed into quite an extensive 
business. 

The cellar of the new building is principally occu- 
pied as a bond room, filled with all kinds of chemicals, 
drugs, perfumery and other merchandise dealt in by 
the firm and it may be stated that the entire establish- 
ment is fitted throughout with a system of automatic 
sprinklers, so that every foot of ground space is pro- 
tected in case of fire, rendering the chances of the lat- 
ter making any headway very small, as in addition to 
the sprinklers a tank holding one hundred thousand 
gallons of water is built on the roof, so that the build- 
ing could be deluged in a few minutes. 

The laboratory and mills still remain on St. Jean- 
Baptist street, the pan room, granulating room and all 
the other departments including the receiving, ship- 
ping, city, wets, dries and patents, are all very commo- 
dious, with every convenience for carrying on an ex- 
tensive and constantly increasing business. A very 
complete system of private telephones is installed 
throughout the building. Mr. Evans in his private 
room being in direct telephone communication with 
each department, and by means of the long distance 
telephone system, he is enabled to have direct commu- 
nication with his Toronto manager, and also with his 
house in New York City. The firm has now been so 
completely organized under the direction of Mr. A. B. 
Evans and his large starl of competent assistants, many 
of whom have been in his employ for many years past, 
that the entire Dominion is now covered by its repre- 
sentatives from the Atlantic to the Pacific. 

Mr. A. B. Evans makes a yearly periodical trip to 
England, where his father and relations reside, and 
where he has extensive business interests. The con- 
nection of the Montreal Company with the English 
houses is a great advantage to Mr. Evans in the man- 
agement of the Canadian business, enabling him as it 
does to keep in close touch with the English and Euro- 
pean drug markets, placing him in a position to pur- 
chase his merchandise at the lowest and most advan- 
tageous rates compatible with the excellence of their 
quality. 

Mr. Alfred Bickerton Evans' position at the head of 
this important industrial enterprise places him m the 
front rank of the mercantile community of the country. 



87 



THE LATE WILLIAM ALLAN MURRAY. 



William Allan Murray was born at kavelston, 
near Edinburgh, Scotland, August 5th, 1814. He re- 
ceived his education at Perth, but owing to the death! 
of both parents while he was still a youth, he was! 
obliged to give up his studies, that he could better care) 
for his six younger brothers. Later in life, each of the 
seven brothers held a responsible and prominent posi- 
tion as head of a commercial or banking institution, 
though scattered through Canada. United States andl 
Australia. An elder brother followed to Canada bin 
lived a retired life. 

As a young man, W. A. Murray entered the ser- 
vice of Messrs. Todd & Co., of Dublin, Ireland, and; 
later his fortunes took him to the well-known old firm' 
of Messrs. Todd, Rivington & Co., of Limerick, Ire- 
land. It was when with this firm, he established his 
reputation as one of the best judges of silks then 
visiting the Continental markets. 

On the 8th of December, 1844, he married Jane? 
Anne, daughter of William Macnamara, Squire and 
Master of hounds of the County Clare, and had seven, 
children; Mary Jane, deceased 1881, who married 
John Lyons King, and later Hugh John Macdonald ; 
William Thomas, deceased 1903, who married 
Marion Parkyn ; Charles Stuart, who married Har- 
rietta Norton ; James Peter, who married Marie 
Emelie Caron, deceased 1881, and later Nanno Jose- 
phine Hayes; John Alexander, who married Mary 
Perry ; Elizabeth Honora, who married George 
Frederick Forlong; Margaret Helena, deceased 
1890, who entered the Ursuline Convent. 



Coming to Canada in 1854, Mr. Murray settled in 
Toronto, where he founded the dry goods firm which, 
bears his name, now so extensively known, and 
which is not surpassed elsewhere and has no equals 
in Canada. 

The many athletic sports of to-day were unknown, 
when he was a young man, but in football and shinty; 
(now known as hockey) he was one of the best players 
and was a staunch supporter of amateur work. Al- 
ways fond of a good horse, he took many first prizes 
at Toronto Exhibitions and other horse shows. For 
many years a regular rider every morning when not 
away visiting the European markets. 

As an ocean traveller, he had few equals outside a 
sailors life, having made one hundred and forty-seven 
trips across the Atlantic. Being of a practical turn, he 
early saw the value to ocean steamers of flush decks, 
and his long experience as an ocean traveller had 
considerable influence in bringing about the general 
adoption of this principle. 

In religion he had been reared a Presbyterian, but 
the antipathy to the Catholic Church by one of the 
political parties in Canada in the early sixties, induced 
him to search into Catholic doctrine, which resulted in 
his joining that Church in 1870. 

Though not a politician, a strong Conservative, a 
close personal friend of Sir John A. Macdonald, a firm 
believer in the great future of Canada, and a strong 
supporter of an United Empire. 

His wife died September iQth, 1889, and he on 
September 7th, 1891. 



88 



JAMES PETER MURRAY. 



James Peter Murray was born in Limerick, Ireland, 
October ijth, 1852, his father, W. A. Murray, bring- 
ing his family to Canada in 1854. The subject of this 
sketch spent his studying years at St. Michael's Col- 
lege, Toronto, Ont., and St. Hyacinthe College, St. 
Hyacinthe, Que. He entered his father's warehouse 
before his I4th birthday and remained with the busi- 
ness until 1893. 

In 1891 he founded and was the first President of 
the Toronto Carpet Manufacturing Company, Limited, 
for the manufacture of all-wool and union carpets. In 
1892 the manufacture of axminsters was commenced, 
and in 1896, Smyrna rugs. In 1901 carding and spin- 
ning were added. In 1903, ninety thousand square 
feet of floor space was built and in 1904 Brussels and 
Wilton carpets added to their line of manufactures. 

Within two years of the commencement of manu- 
facturing, the business had grown so extensively, Mr. 
Murray found it necessary to give it his whole atten- 
tion, and so, in 1893, he withdrew from his father's 
business. Believing in the great possibilities of the fu- 
ture in Canada and desiring to be better seized of the 
requirements of the country, from 1895 to 1899, Mr. 
Murray visited from time to time all the provinces of 
Canada. In the spring of 1899 the present model 
carpet factory was completed, and in the fall of 1903 
extensive building operations commenced to accommo- 
date plants for worsted drawing and Wilton and 
Brussels carpet making. The company's manufac- 
tures are sold in Australia, New Zealand, South 
Africa, the West Indies and also in Great Britain. 

During the year 1899 Mi- Murray gave a greaf deal 
of consideration to the importance of the manufactu- 
rers of Canada preparing for the development of trade 
which was making itself felt. The result being a new 
constitution and code of by-laws submitted to the Ca- 
nadian Manufacturers' Association and adopted at the 
annual meeting in 1900. 

Under the new regulations the Association grew 
rapidly in membership and influence, from a small or- 
ganization of less than a hundred and fifty members 
to ten times as many, from being an Ontarian body to 
covering every province of Canada, having branches 
in many leading cities, to having sections of all the 
leading industries, and having correspondent associates 
in many of the leading cities of trade throughout the 
world. 

Before leaving this Association, it might be here 
stated that it is non-political, non-partizan. It watches 
over its members' interests through its various com- 
mittees of legislation, transportation, commercial-intel- 
ligence, tariff, finance and reception. Mr. Murray 
was Vice-President of the Association in 1894 and has 
been Chairman of many of its standing committees, 
and Chairman of the Toronto branch for the years 
1903-4. 

The Toronto Employers' Association owes its for- 
mation to Mr. Murray in the fall of 1902. The trouble 
caused Toronto employers by the worst influences of 
unionized labor necessitated they should organize. The 
Association is non-political, and has for its object the 
purpose of retaining, by diplomatic and mild measures, 



industrial peace, and a continued confidence between 
employer and employee. 

The Association has been instrumental in prevent- 
ing many strikes, and bringing others to a close in a 
short time with satisfaction to all interested. At the 
time of writing the membership has grown extensive- 
ly and has been the pioneer of many other cities in 
forming associations in Canada. 

As a business man Air. Murray has assisted in the 
incorporation of several companies, on whose boards 
his name appears. 

When and where possible, Mr. Murray has given 
some time in the interest of art. In the reorganiza/- 
tion of the Central Ontario School of Art and Indus- 
trial Design, he took an active part, assisting on the 
directorate for many years, and continuing his connec- 
tion as one of its advisary board. He is also a charter 
member of the Toronto Museum of Art and one of it)s 
directors. "The Adelphi Society for the Encourage- 
ment of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce," has a tew 
members in Canada, of which .Mr. Murray is one. He 
assisted in forming the Canadian branch of the Society 
of Chemical Industry and is one of the committee of 
management. 

Water sports and athletics have also had a share of 
.Mr. Murray's care, joining the Argonaut Rowing 
Club in the year of its foundation, 1872. In 1894, at 
the annual meeting, the unique honor was conferred on 
Mr. Murray of electing him an honorary-active-life 
member and Vice-President for the year. In the early 
months of 1903 he brought the old members together, 
those who had, in the early years of the Club's exist- 
ence, taken some interest in building its reputation as 
one of the most important rowing clubs of the world. 
The outcome was the formation of the " Argonaut Old 
Boys." 

The Island Amateur Aquatic Association was 
formed by Mr. Murray in the year 1887. Xo organiza- 
tion in Canada has done more to encourage the art of 
swimming, canoeing and general freedom in water 
amusements. The vigorous life shown by the Asso- 
ciation, summer after summer, is evidence of the gen- 
eral appreciation of necessity for its existence and of 
its value. 

In 1878 Mr. Murray married Marie Emelie, the 
only daughter of Thomas Caron, of St. Eustache, 
Que., who died in 1881, leaving a daughter, Marghe- 
rita Emelie. In 1883 he again married, espousing 
Nanno Josephine, the only daughter of Michael Hayes, 
Crown Attorney, County Perth, Ont., who died in 
1896, leaving children, Mona Frederica, Stuart Allan, 
Hilda Marion, William Alexander and James Athol. 

In religion a Catholic, and though taking no promi- 
nent part in politics, he always supported the Conser- 
vative policy, believing it to be the best for Canadian 
interests. | 

A strong believer in the future of Canada and in 
the unity of the British Empire, he ever gave earnest 
support to Imperial Federation and the British Empire 
League, being one of the Toronto branch committee in 
both, covering a term of over thirty years. 



89 



WILLIAM J. MORRICE, 



Mr. William J. Morrice, member of the firm of 
David Morrice & Sons, Montreal, Merchants and Man- 
ufacturers Agents, is the eldest son of Mr. David Mor- 
rice, head of the firm. He was horn in Toronto in 
1861, coming to Montreal with his parents while yet 
an infant. 

Mr. W. J. Morrice was educated at the High 
School of Montreal and the Collegiate Institute at Gait, 
Ontario. Mr. Morrice and his brother, Mr. D. Mor- 
rice, Jr., were both destined for their father's business 
from their early boyhood, and special care was bestow- 
ed upon equipping them for their lives' work. Before 
entering their father's firm they were sent for a period 
of two years to Manchester, where they entered the 
great dry goods house of Rylands & Sons, Limited, and 
served for two years, acquiring a thorough practical 



knowledge of the trade. Mr. W. J. Morrice devoted 
his attention to the office work to fit himself to take 
charge of that department in his father's firm, while his 
brother, being destined to take charge of the ware- 
houses, went through the different departments of the 
great Manchester house. 

In 1882, Mr. W. J. Morrice and his brother were 
taken into partnership with their father, the firm name 
being changed to its present style : David Morrice & 
Sons. Mr. W. J. Morrice has devoted himself very 
closely to the business of the firm, but his capacity has 
been called in requisition by the Cumberland Coal and 
Railway Company, which owns and operates big mines 
at Springhill, N.S., and of which corporation he is a 
director. 



90 



THE LATE WILLIAM MELLIS CHRISTIE. 



When the death of the late William Mellis Christie 
took place on the i/|.th June, 1900, a prominent figure 
in the Toronto commercial and manufacturing world 
was lost to view, but his memory will linger for man}' 
years among numbers of his fellow citizens, whose ad- 
miration and respect he had gained in his long, honor- 
able and successful business career. He was born at 
Huntly, Scotland, on January 5th, 1829, and after re- 
ceiving a good education and apprenticeship in thai 
country, came to Canada in 1848, and after engaging 
in tihe baking trade for some years, finally settled in 
Toronto. Here, in 1849, ne entered the employment 
of Messrs. Mathers & Brown, biscuit manufacturers, 
as assistant and travelling salesman. In 1850 Mr. 
Mathers retired and Mr. Christie became a partner 
with Mr. Alex Brown. In 1853 Mr. Brown retired 
but in 1861 re-entered the business, when the name, 
Christie, Brown & Co. was adopted. Mr. Brown re- 
tired in 1878, Mr. Christie continuing alone until June 1 
ist, 1899, when the business having expanded to such 
an extent, it was thought necessary and to the best in- 
terests of the concern to form the same into a limited, 
company. This was accordingly done and the business) 
was incorporated as Christie, Brown & Company, 1 
Limited, on June ist, 1899, with Mr. William Mellis 
Christie as the first President. This company is 
the undoubted leader of the biscuit manufacturing in- 
dustry throughout the country from coast to coast. 
The concern was built up to its present proportion by 
the efforts of Mr. Christie from a comparatively 
small beginning and has taken the devotion of a life- 



time to develop. On June I4th, 1899, a few days after 
the formation of the new company, Mr. Christie sailed 
for Europe for a well earned rest, and just one year 
afterwards he passed peacefully away at his residence, 
Queen's Park, Toronto, on 141)1 June, 1900. Prac- 
tically, his lifetime was exclusively devoted to his own 
business interests, and that of the company, with the 
exception that for several years he was a Trustee of 
the Toronto University, and from the inception of the 
Toronto Industrial Exhibition almost up to the time of 
his death, worked hard and continuously to bring it to 
the position which it now occupies. In politics he was 
a Liberal. He was a member of the Toronto and Na- 
tional Clubs and of the St. Andrew's Society. The 
favorite occupation of his leisure was the reading of 
high-class literature, old books, and studying the lead- 
ing scientific, literary and political reviews and period- 
icals. He surrounded himself with a fine library of 
books at his residence in Toronto, where he also took 
great pride in his extensive garden, which he spared 
no expense to have cultivated to perfection. 

On the 2ist of March, 1855, William Mellis 
Christie was married to a Canadian lady, Miss Mary 
Jane McMullen, and left four children, Robert Jaf- 
fray, Mary Jane, married to John J. Palmer, of Tor- 
onto ; Anne Elizabeth, married to D. S. Barclay, of 
Toronto, and Fanny Laura, married to T. J. Clark, of 
Toronto. 

The late Mr. Christie will long be remembered as 
a public spirited Torontonian, as well as a generods 
and charitable citizen. 



91 



ROBERT JAFFRAY CHRISTIE, 



Standing- at the head of one of the largest concerns 
of its kind in Canada, Robert Jaffray Christie, the 
President of the biscuit manufacturing company, so 
widely known throughout the Dominion as Christie, 
Brown & Company, Limited, is a notable figure in the 
commercial community of Toronto. This extensive 
business was founded by his late father, William Mel- 
lis Christie, who died on June I4th, 1900, and since. 
that event, the subject of this sketch has been at thq 
head of its affairs. He was born on the 5th of April. 
1870, in Toronto, and is the only son of his parents. 
He received a liberal education in Toronto, and at thfe 
age of twenty entered into business with his late father 
and has devoted the whole of his time to the manage- 
ment and development of the business, which has 
grown to such dimensions, that it practically leaves 



.Mr. Christie but little leisure time. He, however, is 
President of the Monetary Times Printing Company, 
besides being interested in various other commercial 
and financial enterprises. 

Politically he is of Liberal tendencies. He is a 
member of the Toronto Club, the National Club, the 
Hunt Club, the Lambton Golf Club, the Royal Cana- 
dian Yacht Club, the Lacrosse Club and other recrea- 
tion clubs. He has always been a strong supporter of) 
football and encourages all manly sports. He is also a 
member of the St. Andrew's Society. 

Robert Jaffray Christie was married on February 
29th, 1895, to a daughter of J. R. Lee, of Toronto. He 
has three children, Win. Lee, Irving Huntley and 
Katharine. His residence is at No. 55 Wellesley 
street, Toronto. 



92 



CHARLES NEWHOUSE ARMSTRONG, 



Mr. Charles Newhouse Armstrong, of Montreal, is 
one of the most active and best known railway men in 
the Dominion of Canada. He was born at the Manor 
House of de Lanaudiere, Maskinonge County, Quebec, 
March igth, 1850. His father was the Hon. James 
Armstrong, C.M.G., who attained marked distinction 
as Chief Justice of St. Lucia and St. Vincent, British 
West Indies, and was well known as an advocate in 
Montreal, and also as Chairman of the Labor Commis- 
sion, and President of the Montreal and Sorel Railway 
Company. His mother, whose maiden name was Char- 
lotte Olivier, was a daughter of Hercules Olivier of 
Berthier, Que., and grand daughter of Louis Olivier, 
who was a member of the first Legislature of Quebec 
in 1792. The Armstrong's came to Canada from New 
York in 1783, after the American revolution, Mr. Arm- 
strong's great-grandfather, Edward Armstrong, being 
then ten years old, He was afterwards Harbor Mas- 
ter of Montreal, and his son, Charles, as well as several 
of his brothers, were interested in shipping. Charles 
and his brother Jesse commanded some of the first 
steamers running regularly on the line between Quebec 
and Montreal. Captain Charles Armstrong was for 
many years closely identified with the work of improv- 
ing the navigation of the St. Lawrence between Mon- 
treal and Quebec. After completing his education at 
the Sorel Model School, Mr. Charles N. Armstrong in 
1863, went to St. Louis, Mo., where he entered the 
general passenger department of the Ohio and Miss- 
issippi Railway. During an experience of three years 
he obtained a good insight into the details of railway 
work, serving in various departments of the general 
offices of the Company mentioned. At the outbreak 
of the Fenian troubles in 1866, actuated by the patriotic 
impulse which caused many Canadians to throw up 
positions in the United States to return to Canada, and 
assist in the defence of their native land, Mr. Arm- 
strong came back to Canada and joined the volunteer 
forces. Mr. Armstrong also served during the Fenian 
Raids of 1870, and was awarded the medal with two 
clasps. After the collapse of the Fenian trouble, Mr. 
Armstrong remained in Montreal and engaged in mer- 
cantile pursuits, which in course of time took him to 
the United States and Great Britain. 

Returning to Canada in 1881, he became actively 
engaged in railway construction. He organized the 
Montreal and Sorel Railway and constructed it, also 



the Great Northern Railway, of which he constructed 
two sections. He also constructed the first twenty 
miles of the Pontiac Pacific Railway, two sections of 
the Great Eastern Railway, the Montreal and Lake 
Maskinonge Railway, the Lachute and St. Andrew's 
Railway, and the Baie des Chaleurs Railway. He or- 
ganized the Atlantic and Lake Superior Railway, 
which amalgamated and consolidated several of the 
above local lines. Mr. Armstrong has always been a 
very active Conservative, and the accession of the Lib- 
eral Government to power upset the plans of the At- 
lantic and Lake Superior Railway Company, the new 
government being very hostile to it. This has led to 
litigation between the company and the government, 
and, pending the decision of the Courts, the company 
has been obliged to suspend construction. 

At the present time Mr. Armstrong holds the posi- 
tions of General Manager of the Atlantic and Lake 
Superior Railway Company, and President of the Baie 
des Chaleurs Railway Company. 

Mr. Armstrong has made a special study of rail- 
way legislation. Being one of the most energetic of 
Canada's citizens, and with the long and varied exper- 
ience he has had in practical railroading in Canada he 
has come to be considered as one of the leading author- 
ities on railway matters in Canada. 

Mr. Armstrong was married July i8th, 1871, to 
Frances Amelia, daughter of J. E. Johnstone, M.D., of 
Sorel, Que. Their family consists of the following : 
Charles J. Armstrong, Captain in the 5th Royal Scots 
of Canada, at present District Engineer of the South 
African Railways, Harrismith, Orange River Colony : 
Bertie H. O. Armstrong, Captain Royal Engineers, 
Director Public Works, Orange River Colony, Bloem- 
fontein, O.R.C. ; Edgar N. Armstrong, Captain 5th 
Royal Scots, advocate, Montreal ; F. Percy Arm- 
strong, Lieutenant (unattached) London, Eng. ; J. 
Hector de L. Armstrong, Lieut. 5th Royal Scots of 
Canada ; F. Logic Armstrong, Cadet Royal Military 
College, Kingston ; Mabel Charlotte Armstrong, mar- 
ried to Captain William Bentham of the 2nd Regiment 
Canadian Artillery : Miss Florence Elsie Armstrong, 
unmarried. It will be observed that Mr. Armstrong's 
six sons as well as his son-in-law, all wear His Maj- 
esty's uniform. Mrs. Armstrong's family, for many 
generations back has also been connected with the 
British army. 



93 



THE LATE C. R SMITHERS. 



Of all the names of eminent financiers closely 
identified with the history of the Bank of Montreal, 
none stands out more prominently than that of the 
late Mr. C. F. Smithers. 

Mr. Smithers was born in London, England, in 
1822, and early in life entered upon the business of 
banking. He came to Canada in 1847 as tnc 
accountant of the Bank of British North America, 
with which institution he was for some years sub- 
sequently identified, serving in the Montreal office for 
seven years as accountant and sub-manager, then as 
manager of the branch at Brantford, Out, where he 
remained for two and a half years, when he was pro- 
moted to the management of the bank at St. John, 
New Brunswick. On June 1st, 1858, he entered the 
service of the Bank of Montreal, going to New York 
as senior agent of the agency in that city, which posi- 
tion he held until May, 1863, when he resigned and 



returned to Montreal to take charge of the branch of 
the London and Colonial Bank in the Canadian Com- 
mercial Metropolis. Three years later he again took 
up his residence in New York, and entered upon busi- 
ness as a private banker, which he followed until 1869, 
when he once more joined the Bank of Montreal, 
resuming the position of chief agent in that city. 
Upon the resignation of Mr. R. B. Angus as general 
manager in the autumn of 1879, expectation instinc- 
tively turned to Mr. Smithers as his successor, and it 
was in accordance with popular opinion that the 
directors called Mr. Smithers to the management of 
the bank. Two years later, in June, 1881, he was 
elected president of the institution and its active 
executive head, a position he continued to fill with 
great ability and unchecked success down to the time 
of his death, 1887. 



94 



GEORGE HAMPDEN SMITHERS. 



Mr. George Hampden Smithers, stock-broker, 
Montreal, belongs to a family intimately associated 
with the financial history of Canada. He was born in 
Brooklyn, N.Y., April 7th, 1863, the son of Charles F. 
Smithers and Martha Shearman Smithers, his wife. 
Mr. Charles F. Smithers, banker, came to Canada in 
the service of the Bank of British North America, and 
later entering the Bank of Montreal, served in nearly 
every position therein, including that of President, 
which high post of trust he held at the time of his 
death in 1887. 

Mr. George Hampden Smithers was educated in 
Brooklyn, N.Y., and entered the Bank of Montreal at 
the head office in 1879, staying there two years. In 
1 88 1 he entered the brokerage firm of Burnett & Co., 
becoming a partner therein in 1887. On the death of 
Mr. James Burnett, the senior partner, in 1894, Mr. 



Smithers took the position of head of the firm, retain- 
ing the name of Burnett & Company, and associating 
with him in partnership Mr. James Pangman, who left 
the Merchants' Bank of Canada to enter the firm. 

Mr. Smithers has been on the Governing Com- 
mittee of the Montreal Stock Exchange for about 
seven years, holding the positions of Secretary-Treas- 
urer, Vice-President and President, from which latter 
position he retired in May, 1901. 

Mr. Smithers was married in 1890 to Miss Frances 
Clark Cook, of Philadelphia, and their family consists 
of two daughters : Frances C. Smithers and M. Geor- 
gina Smithers. 

Mr. Smithers is a member of the St. James Club, 
Mount Royal Club, Forest and Stream Club, Montreal 
Hunt Club, etc., etc. 



95 



FELIX CARBRAY. 



FELIX CARBRAY or Phclim O'Cairbre, as his 
Gaelic friends prefer to call him, was born at Quebec 
on the 22iid December, 1835, and was brought up at 
the old historic "Holland House," on St. Foy's Road. 
(See Lemoine's Picturesque Quebec, page 410). His 
parents were from the County Tyrone, Ireland. They 
came to Canada in the early 3o's. His father was 
Niall Carbray, and born at Carrickcastle, near Dun- 
gannon the old Carbray homestead still exists there 
and is occupied by a member of the family. His 
mother was Catherine Connolly, a native of Clogher, 
County Tyrone. 

Felix Carbray was educated at private schools and 
at the Christian Brothers, in his native city. Fndowed 
with natural talents of no ordinary character and with 
a thirst for knowledge, he applied himself earnestly 
in the effort to improve his education in every possible 
way. He distinguished himself in mathematics and 
English literature. He was endowed with a great 
aptitude for the acquisition of foreign languages, and 
is familiar with the Spanish. Portuguese, Italian and 
French. He is as thoroughly familiar with French as 
with English. He has often been complimented on his 
proficiency in the former, speaking it with the elegance 
of a '"Parisian." 

Thus well equipped with a superior education and 
a worthy ambition to make his mark in life, he began 
a business course in April. 1854, as an accountant, 
which he continued in some of the leading business 
houses in his native city for 15 years. 

In May, 1869, he opened an office on his own 
account in the general commission and shipping busi- 
ness, which from the beginning was most successful. 

In the spring of 1870, lie took as a partner, Francis 
Alexander Routh, son of the late Sir Randolph Routh. 
His mother was a Taschereau, sister of the late Car- 
dinal Taschereau and of the late Chief Justice 
Taschereau. The new firm "Carbray & Routh," which 
a few years later became "Carbray, Routh & Co.," 
opened an office also in Montreal, Mr. Carbray manag- 
ing the business of the Quebec office and Mr. Routh 
that of the Montreal office. The new firm had a long, 
prosperous and honorable career. No firm was more 
widely known all over the business world, nor did any 
stand higher for integrity and honorability. 

The partnership, having expired in 1900, was dis- 
solved and the affairs liquidated ; this being found to 
the mutual advantage of the associates. 

Mr. Carbray continued the business at Quebec 
with his son, William, under the name of " Carbray, 
Son & Co.," and Mr. Routh that of Montreal under 
the style of "F. A. Routh & Co." Both firms have 
been very successful and bid fair to go on down the 
generations as many of the old houses of Europe. 

The high character and abilities of Felix Carbray 
at an early date attracted the attention of his fellow 
citizens, and every mark of esteem and confidence was 



shown him. He loved Ireland, the land of his fathers, 
with an intense love, and threw himself heart and soul 
into every movement tending to promote her cause or 
the welfare of his race. No Irishman of his time in 
Quebec, did more to raise the prestige of the Irish 
race and the cause of Ireland among the peoples of 
other races and creeds. 

In 1883, "Redpath's Weekly" says of Mr. 
Carbray : 

" He is a gentleman of high culture and deep 
"learning. His linguistic attainments are also re- 
" markable. He speaks the French and English 
" languages with equal fluency, and as both are used 
" in the Quebec Legislature, Mr. Carbray addresses 
" the House in one or the other with equal elegancy. 
" as circumstances may require. He also converses 
" freely in Italian, Spanish and Portuguese. 

" The high esteem in which he is held by his Irish 
" fellow-citizens, is best shown by the fact that they 
" have never missed an occasion to put him in every 
" place of honor and trust within their gift. He is at 
"' present their worthy representative in the Parliament 
" of the Province of Quebec, as a member of the West 
" Division of the city, which, though it contains the 
" leading British commercial men of Quebec, is con- 
"' trolled by the Irish vote. 

" Mr. Carbray is an eloquent and forcible orator, 
" his recent speech on the occasion of the reading 
" of ' the speech from the throne,' having been pro- 
" nounced bv the Canadian press as the most remark - 
" able English speech ever delivered in the Quebec 
" Legislature. 

" In his public capacity Mr. Carbray has never 
"' made an enemy, while as a private citizen he has 
" hosts of friends." 

Rose, in his " Cyclopedia of Canadian Biography," 
says of him : 

" He was educated at Quebec, where he has resi- 
" ded throughout his life, though he has travelled 
" extensively in America and Europe, principally on 
" business connected with the trade in lumber, in 
'' which his house is engaged. He was one of the 
" pioneers of the lumber trade between the St. Law- 
" rence and South America, and is still lareely in- 
" terested in it. In addition to his other duties, he 
" fills the important position of Consul of Portugal 
" at the oort of Quebec. A Roman Catholic in reli- 
" ?ion, Mr. Carbray has been honored by the St. 
" Patrick's congregation of Quebec with election and 
" re-election as one of the trustees of their church, and 
" is also a trustee of that noble Irish Catholic charity, 
" the St. Bridget's Asylum, of Quebec. He has taken 
" an equally active and leading part in all the local 
" rational movements of his fellow-countrvmen, and 
" has been president of the St. Patrick's Literary In- 
" stitute,- the Irish National Association, and other 
" Irish bodies in Quebec. He is a IJberal-Conser- 



" vative in politics, and at the provincial general elec- 
" tions in 1881, yielding to the solicitations of his 
" friends, he ran as the party candidate for the electoral 
" division of Quebec West and, after a hard fight, was 
" elected by a good majority to represent that con- 
" stituency injhe Legislative Assembly in the province. 
" His parliamentary career was very creditable. 
' Though he did not often address the House, he was 
" always listened to with the utmost respect, being an 
" equally good speaker and debater in both English 
" and French, and never wasting his powder except 
" on serious and interesting subjects with which he 
" was most conversant, such especially as questions of 
" finance and commerce. In fact, so marked a figure 
" was he in this respect in the Legislature from 1881 to 
1886, that rumor frequently connected his name with 
" a cabinet office, and there is little doubt that had he 
" continued in public life and his party been re-elected 
" to power at the general elections of 1886, he would 
" have sooner or later, entered the provincial ministry. 
" During the last session of his term, he was the mover 
" in the Legislative Assembly of the Resolutions 
" adopted by that body in favor of granting Home 
" Rule to Ireland, and expressing sympathy with Mr. 
" Gladstone in his efforts to solve the Irish problem 
" peacefully without dismembering the Empire. At 
" the general elections on the I4th October, he again 
" ran as the Liberal-Conservative candidate for Que- 
" bee West and, though political feeling in the province 
" ran high at the time, owing to the Riel agitation, was 
" only defeated by the slender majority of eight votes, 
" owing largely to over confidence on the part of his 
'' friends. Since then Mr. Carbray has devoted him- 
" self exclusively to the management of the large and 
" growing business of his firm." 

In May, 1854, he married Miss Margaret Car- 
berry, a daughter of the late William Carberry, of 
Carrick-on-Suir, Ireland, of whom he had a large and 
interesting family four sons and six daughters, those 
still living are : Herbert, of Montreal ; William, Que- 
bec ; Thomas John, a promising young lawyer ; Mrs. 
P. L. Connor, Boston ; Mrs. Alfred Carroll, Montreal, 
and Grace. His youngest daughter Grace and son 
Thomas live with him at " Benburb Place," the Ram- 
parts. 

Mrs. Carbray died in May, 1895. She was in 
every way worthy of her distinguished husband : a 
patrotic Irish wqman and revered and esteemed for 
her piety and devotedness to God's poor. 

In October, 1902, he married Miss Bridget Car- 
berry widow of the late Nicholas K. Connolly 
sister of his first wife. The marriage ceremony was 
performed at St. Gabriel's Church. New York, by 
His Grace Archbishop Farley. She died on the ist 
of July, 1903, deeply regretted by her sorrowing 
husband and all who knew her. A most amiable 
lady and, like her sister, devoted to the poor. 

Mr. Carbray has filled many distinguished posi- 
tions in his life ; he is held in high esteem by his fellow- 
citizens of all races, creeds and politics. 

He is at present a member of the Quebec Harbor 
Commission, of the Quebec Board of Trade, Consul 
for Portugal, and, being the oldest Consul here, is dean 
of the Consular Corps, senior trustee of St. Patrick's 
Church, of the St. Bridget's Asylum Association, pre- 
dent of the United Irish League, etc., etc. 



Mr. Carbray is an ardent upholder of the move- 
ment for the revival of the old Irish language the 
Gaelic. He delivered a lecture on this subject at Tara 
Hall, Quebec, in April, 1899, which displayed pro- 
found knowledge of the subject, and attracted the 
attention and enconiums of the whole Celtic world. 

The Honorable Justice Routhier, in his important 
work "Quebec et Levis a 1'Aurore du 2oieme Siecle," 
has this to say of Mr. Carbray : 

" La famille Carbray (ou plutot O'Cairbre, en 
"celtiquej, est une des plus anciennes de la vieille 
" Irlande ; elle remonte aux Ard-Ris ou Rois 
" Supremes de ITrlande, vers le commencement de 
" 1'ere chretienne, dont l'un des plus illustres etait le 
" roi ' Cairbre Liffeacher,' fils du grand roi " Cormac 
Mac Art," descendant direct de Heremon, premier 
" chef des Milesiens. II est assez curieux de con- 
" stater que la reine Victoria reclame la meme lignee, 
" du cote de ses ancetres Ecossais. I est de fait 
" historique que les " Highlanders," les vrais Ecossais, 
" sont d'origine irlandaise. La premiere colonie, sous 
" leur chef " Cairbre Riada," fils du roi d'lrlande, 
" ayant traverse de 1'Irlande en Argylshire, en 
" Ecosse, au lieme siecle, d'apres le Venerable Bede. 
"ayant traversee de 1'Irlande en Argylshire, en 
" Ceci explique le Lion-Cairbre, quit a ete conserve 
" par les Ecossais sur les armes brittaniques. 

" La devise " Dia a's Ccart " est en langue celtique 
" et vent dire : Dieu et le Droit, ou. Dieu ct h 
" Justice." 




We are pleased to be able to reproduce the 
" Cairbre " Arms. According to O'Hart's notable 
work " Irish Pedigrees," the Carbray family are traced 
back to King " Cairbre," Ard-Righ of Ireland in the 
second century the Solomon of the Irish Monarchy. 

In religion Mr. Carbray is a Roman Catholic. 

In politics, a life long and unswerving Conserva- 
tive. 

Mr. Carbray is a member of several important 
foreign societies ; among others, he is a life member of 
the Royal Irish Academy, Fellow of the Royal Society 
of Antiquaries, of Dublin. He is also vice-president 
of the American Irish Historical Society, of which 
President Roosevelt is a member. 



FREDERICK WILLIAM THOMPSON. 



Frederick William Thompson, Montreal, merchant 
miller, vice-president and managing- director of the 
Ogilvie Flour Mills Company, was born at Montreal, 
January i6th, 1862. His father was Andrew Thomp- 
son, accountant and his mother's maiden name Jose- 
phine D. Lesperance. Mr. Thompson is of Scottish 
extraction on his father's side, on his mother's French. 
Mr. Thompson was educated at Montreal and Brook- 
lyn, N.Y., and inaugurated his business career in the 
banking business. He entered the service of the Ogil- 
vies, the great Canadian milling firm, in 1892, and was 
in time promoted to the management of the Winnipeg 
branch of the business. When the business was or- 
ganized into a limited liability company, Mr. Thomp- 
son was elected vice-president and managing director, 
and removed to Montreal. His removal from Winni- 
peg was greatly regretted by the people of the prairie 



city, where he had identified himself with local public 
affairs, holding for some time the position of president 
of the Winnipeg Industrial Exhibition Association. 
Mr. Thompson is a director of the Crown Life Insur- 
ance Company, and the Winnipeg General Power 
Company, and is also a member of the governing body 
of the Havergal Ladies' College, Winnipeg. 

Mr. Thompson was married to Wilhelima Reid, of 
Bedford, Que., and there have been issue of the union 
one son and three daughters as follows : Frank H. 
Thompson, Marion Thompson, Ada Thompson and 
Helen Thompson. 

Mr. Thompson is a member of the St. James Club, 
Montreal ; Forest and Stream Club, Dorval ; Mani- 
toba Club, Winnipeg, and the Commercial Club, Win- 
nipeg. 



97 



WILLIAM MOLSON MACPHERSON. 



William Molson Macpherson, president of the 
Molson's Bank, was born in Montreal, September 
24th, 1848, and was the eldest son of the late Sir 
David L. Macpherson, K.C.M.G., Chestnut Park, 
Toronto, Privy Councillor for the Dominion, formerly 
speaker of the Canadian Senate, and Minister of the 
Interior, by his wife, Elizabeth Sarah, daughter of 
the late William Molson, of Montreal. 

Mr. Macpherson was educated at Leamington Col- 
lege and at Hastings, Eng., and received his business 
training under Messrs. A. F. & R. Maxwell, Liver- 
pool. In 1870 he removed to Quebec, and in 1872 
he took a financial interest in the Dominion Steamship 
Company, and has ever since had an active part in the 
management of the company, having had charge, with 



marked success, of the Quebec agency. He was 
appointed one of the Harbour Commissioners of Que- 
bec in 1896, and holds other important offices. He- 
was for many years on the directorate of the Molsons 
Bank, and was elected president of that institution 
on the demise of J. H. R. Molson, the previous occu- 
pant, June, 1897. Mr. Macpherson is a member of 
the Church of England. Politically he is a Conser- 
vative. He married, 1878, Maria Stuart, daughter of 
the late D. T. Wotherspoon, of Quebec. His resi- 
dence is 73 St. Ursule street, Quebec. He is a mem- 
ber of the Garrison Club, Quebec ; St. James Club 
and Mount Royal Club, Montreal ; Toronto Club, 
Junior Athenaeum Club and Royal Colonial Institute, 
London, Eng. 



R. A. DUNTON, B.C.L., N.P. 



Robert Andrew Dunton was born in Richmond, 
Quc., I3th February, 1862, being the eldest son of the 
late George Dunton and Agnes Wilson, the former a 
native of Norwich, England, and the latter of Perth- 
shire, Scotland. Mr. Dunton removed to Montreal 
when about twenty years of age. His preliminary 
education was received at St. Francis Grammar School 
and College. He began his professional studies in the 
office of the late C. P. Cleveland, N.P., and took his- 
law course in McGill University, graduating with 
honors. On admission to practice in 1883, he entered 
the firm of Gushing & Hunter, and continued with thai 
firm till 1899, the firm being then known as Gushing, 
Dunton & Barren. The present firm is Dunton & 
Baby. 

Mr. Dunton was appointed joint notary to the City 



of Montreal in 1898, and is notary to a number of large 
companies and institutions in the city, including several 
of the principal banks and estates. He enjoys the con- 
fidence and esteem of his legal brethren, and, although 
a comparatively young man, stands in the front rank of 
his profession, and has an extensive private practice. 
He is a member of the Board of Notaries, which con- 
trols the admission to the study and practice of the pro- 
fession, and corresponds to the Bar of the Province 
among advocates. 

Mr. Dunton is a life governor of the Montreal 
General Hospital and director of the Merchants' Tele- 
phone Company, and of other private industrial com- 
panies. 

He married in 1892 in Montreal, Lila Warden, eld- 
est daughter of the Rev. R. H. Warden, D.D. 



99 



ALBERT JOSEPH BROWN, ICC. 



Albert Joseph Brown, K.C., Advocate, Montreal, 
is a native of the Eastern Townships, having been born 
at Windsor Mills, Que., July 8th, 1861, the son of 
Shepherd Joseph Brown, Farmer, and Jennet Shanks, 
his wife. Mr. IJrown's ancestors lived in Massachus- 
sets prior to 1671, moving to Plymouth, New Hamp- 
shire, in 1764. In 1 80 1 the family settled at Windsor, 
Que. Mr. Brown's mother was of Scottish parent- 
age. 

Mr. Brown was educated at St. Francis College, 
Richmond, Morrin College, Quebec, and McGill Uni- 
versity, Montreal. From the latter institution of 
learning he graduated in Arts in 1883, and in Law in 
1886, winning the Elizabeth Torrance Gold Medal. 
During his law course, Mr. Brown was a student with 
the late W. H. Kerr, Q.C., and Mr. C. B. Carter, K.C. 



On admission to the Bar Mr. Brown became a 
partner of the late L. N. Benjamin, and upon his death 
in 1887, became a member of the firm of Chapleau, 
Hall, Nicolls & Brown, of which firm, the present one 
of Hall, Cross, Brown and Sharp are successors. 

Mr. Brown has kept out of politics, devoting his 
time exclusively to the practice of his profession, and 
thus winning an enviable position in it comparatively 
early in his career. He was appointed a Q.C. in 
1899. 

He was married in Quebec, 1888, to Josephine 
Home. 

Mr. Brown is a member of the Mount Royal, St. 
James, Forest and Stream, Montreal, Royal Montreal 
Golf, and Thistle Curling Clubs, and the Montreal 
Amateur Athletic Association. 



101 




ry 



s 



HECTOR MACKENZIE. 



The late Hector Mackenzie, for many years one 
of the leading merchants and capitalists of the City of 
Montreal, was born in that city May 3rd, 1843, n ' s 
parents being J. G. Mackenzie, head of the great 
wholesale drygoods house of J. G. Mackenzie & Com- 
pany, and Seraphina Gates, his wife. As may be 
judged from the name, Mr. Mackenzie's ancestors 
came from Scotland. After being educated at the 
High School of Montreal, Mr. Mackenzie entered the 
firm of J. G. Mackenzie & Company, retaining his 
connection therewith, and being its head at the time 
of his death, August 2Oth, 1901. Mr. Mackenzie 
was for many years a director of the Merchants Bank 
of Canada, and for several years Vice-President. A 
man of keen patriotic feeling, he at an early age identi- 
fied himself with the militia force, holding for several 
years a commission in the old 5th Royal Light In- 
fantry, and as one of the senior captains of that dis- 



tinguished regiment, assisting in its reorganization as 
the Fifth Royal Fusileers (now the 5th Royal Scots), 
in 1876. He was a most generous and valued patron 
of art, and, being himself an accomplished musician, 
devoted much time and means to the encouragement 
of the public taste for music. He was for years the 
President, and a strong financial supporter of the 
Montreal Philharmonic Society. The beautiful 
celestial organ in Christ Church Cathedral, and various 
costly contributions towards the completion of the 
superb main organ in the same sacred edifice are living 
memorials of his liberality and love of music. 

Mr. Mackenzie was married June 9th, 1870, to 
Martha A. H. Alger, daughter of Cyrus Alger, of 
Boston. Their family consisted of two daughters and 
one son, Marguerite E., married to H. Montagu Allan, 
of Montreal, October i8th, 1893, Miss Evelyn A. Mac- 
kenzie and Mr. J. Gordon Mackenzie. 



FRANK PAUL. 



Mr. Frank Paul. President and Treasurer of Beld- 
ing. Paul & Company, (Limited), Montreal, was born 
in Philadclphi in 1847, n ' s parents being of old Penn- 
sylvania Dutch stock. In 1853, Mr. Paul went with 
his parents to the Western States where he was edu- 
cated. At the age of nineteen he returned to the east, 
where he entered a large wholesale dry goods house, 
rapidly rising in the service, soon becoming its "credit 
man." After the panic of 1873 the business of the 
house with which he was connected dwindled away, 
and as he saw no immediate prospect of an improve- 
ment under existing conditions he decided to accept an 
offer from Messrs. Belding Brothers and Company, a 
leading United States silk manufacturing firm, to take 
charge of a branch manufacturing establishment in 
Montreal. So in July, 1877, Mr. Paul arrived in Mon- 
treal and established the firm of Belding, Paul and 
Company, the pioneer house of the Canadian silk in- 



dustry. The original arrangement between Mr. Paul 
and the Messrs. Belding Brothers was in the nature of 
a three years trial, and the present extensive plant at 
the St. Gabriel Locks, Montreal, is the best proof of the 
result. The development of the firm's business has 
been well maintained from the very start. 

In 1890 the Canadian firm dissolved all connections 
with the United States house of Belding Brothers, and 
formed an independent limited liability Company, of 
which Mr. Paul was elected and is still President and 
Treasurer. In addition to his position as head of the 
leading silk house of Canada, Mr. Paul is a director of 
the Colonial Bleaching Company, the Halifax Tram 
Railway Company, the Montreal Cold Storage Com- 
pany, and the Kootenay Coal and Mining Company. 

Mr. Paul is married and has a family of three chil- 
dren. 



103 



DUNCAN M. STEWART. 



Mr. Duncan M. Stewart, banker, Montreal, general 
manager of the Sovereign Bank of Canada, is the eld- 
est son of an Edinburgh Scotsman, William Stewart, 
of Hamilton, Out. He was born at Muckross, Kil- 
larney, Ireland, March 3ist, 1869, and was educated 
at the Muckross National School and St. Brendan's 
College, Killarney. He came with his parents to Can- 
ada in 1886, and entered upon his business life at Ham- 
ilton, Ont., in the office of Dun, Wiman & Co. In Oc- 
tober of the same year he accepted his first appoint- 
ment in the business in which he has attained such dis- 
tinction, that of a junior clerk in the Hamilton office of 
the Traders' Bank of Canada. In April, 1887, he was 
appointed Secretary to the General Manager of the 
Bank in Toronto, leaving that position a few months 
afterwards to accept a similar appointment with the 
General Manager of the Canadian Bank of Commerce. 
In 1891 he was transferred to the New York office of 
the Bank, where he remained until 1895, when he be- 
came successively Secretary to the Manager and Chief 
Discount Clerk of the Canadian Bank of Commerce at 
Montreal. In May, 1897, he accepted an offer from 
the Merchants' Bank of Halifax in Montreal, as In- 
spector. He was, indeed, practically assistant to the 
newly-appointed General Manager of that Bank, and 
rendered invaluable service in changing the whole 
routine system of that institution when it changed its 
name to the Royal Bank of Canada. In 1901, when 
the directors of the Sovereign Bank of Canada requir- 
ed a man to organize and manage that new institution, 
Mr. Stewart was selected and in due course accepted 
the offer and became the first General Manager of the 
Sovereign Bank of Canada in July, 1901. Upon com- 



pletion of the organization, which was very successful, 
his appointment was formally confirmed by the Board 
in April, 1902, just sixteen years after he had arrived, 
a young lad, and a stranger in this country. He was 
thus thirty-two years of age when he assumed this im- 
portant position, and was then, as he is still, the young- 
est General Manager of any chartered bank in tht) 
Dominion. The Sovereign Bank has made great pro- 
gress under his management, the Government state- 
ment showing steady, healthy progress month by month 
at the end of 1903, its total assets amounting to more 
than seven million dollars, a record never equalled by 
any Canadian Bank in the same time. 

Mr. Stewart's chief hobby is soldiering, and be 
holds a commission as Major in the 6th Duke of Con- 
naught's Royal Canadian Hussars, Montreal. He is 
also a champion oarsman, and athlete. He has been a 
prize essayist as a writer on banking and kindred sub- 
jects, and a series of lectures which he delivered in 
Montreal during the winter of 1903-4 on "Canadian 
Banking," were very largely attended, and attracted 
widespread attention by their practical and popular 
treatment of the subject. 

Mr. Stewart was married June 5th, 1895, to Kath- 
erine, Lizzie Clark, youngest daughter of Peter Mc- 
Naughton Clark, of Toronto, and has one child, Kath- 
leen Winifred. Mr. Stewart is a member of the St. 
James' Club, Montreal Club, Montreal Hunt, Canada 
Club, Military Institute and Y.M.C.A., Montreal; 
National Club and Toronto Hunt, Toronto, and the 
Rideau Club, Ottawa. He is an adherent of the 
Church of England. 



104 



GEORGE ROSS ROBERTSON. 



George Ross Robertson, the head of the well-known 
firm of Insurance Brokers. G. Ross Robertson & Sons, 
whose offices are in the Bell Telephone Company's 
Building, 1760 Notre Dame Street, Montreal, was born 
in that city on 2nd June, 1864. His father, the late 
George Ross Robertson, who died in 1895, was also a 
native of Montreal, and was the pioneer of Insurance 
Brokerage in Canada, laying the foundation of the ex- 
isting business in 1865. His eldest son, the subject of 
this sketch, was educated at Faucett's School, the then 
leading private academy in Montreal. 

On completing his education, he entered the Mon- 
treal offices of the North British Mercantile Insurance 
Company, and spent three years gaining a thorough 
experience of the insurance business in all its various 
details. Upon leaving the company's employ in 1885, 
Mr. G. Ross Robertson joined his father in partnership 
in the insurance brokerage business, and subsequently 
in 1890, his younger brother, W. Stewart Robertson 
was admitted as a partner, and the firm of G. Ross 
Robertson & Sons, was established under its present 
name. 

Mr. G. Ross Robertson has devoted his life to the 
development of the business of his firm, in which he 
and his brother are sole partners, until it now stands at 
the head of the Insurance Brokerage houses in Canada. 
The business consists principally of arraying large 
lines of Fire Insurance in all parts of the Dominion, 
negotiating policies with every Insurance Company, 
and acting as the confidential agents of the assured not 
only in the issuance of policies, but in the protection 



of his clients in keeping all renewals in force, adjust- 
ing claims for their best advantage, and in fact secur- 
ing them in every possible way from loss without any 
trouble to themselves individually. The firm's business 
carried on with the strictest integrity, and on the most 
conservative, yet modern methods, has expanded to 
such an extent, that it practically has demanded the 
devotion by Mr. G. Ross Robertson of all his time, 
energy and experience. A large business is transacted 
with the United States, and a very large and increasing 
volume of Life assurance is effected with the principal 
companies. Mr. Robertson is the acknowledged lead- 
ing insurance broker in the city of Montreal, and his 
personal services in this direction are in great demand. 
He is Vice-President of the Dominion Woollen Manu- 
facturing Company of Beauharnois, Quebec, and a 
governor of the Montreal General Hospital. 

In private life, Mr. Robertson is an enthusiastic, 
patron of all healthy outdoor sport, exciting great in- 
terest, help and encouragement from him. He is a 
member of the St. James Club, the Montreal City Club, 
the Forest and Stream Club, and in connection with 
his membership of the St. Andrew's Society, it may be 
mentioned that although Canadians for three genera- 
tions, Mr. Robertson's ancestors were of Scotch origin. 

Mr. G. Ross Robertson married a daughter of the 
late Mr. R. W. Shepherd, of Montreal, on April 8th, 
1890. He has two sons, George Ross Robertson, and 
Robert Ward Shepherd Robertson. His residence is 
213 Drummond Street, Montreal. 



106 




arm 








CHARLES PAGE SCLATER. 



Mr. Charles Page Sclater, Secretary-Treasurer of 
the Bell Telephone Company of Canada, Montreal, 
was born February 2nd, 1850, at Dover, England, the 
son of H. Sclater, a retired officer of the Royal Navy, 
and Rachel Page, his wife. He received his educa- 
tion at a private school in England, and on leaving 
that institution was articled to a leading firm of Lon- 
don Accountants, Messrs. Kemp, Ford and Company. 
Here he acquired a thorough grounding in sound 
business methods, which have since served him in good 
stead. Mr. Sclater left England in 1876 to assume 
the management of a cotton business in South Caro- 
lina, came to Canada from that State in 1877, and in- 
vested in oil wells in Petrolea, Out. He was acting 
secretary of the Dominion Telegraph Company in 1879, 
and in 1880, on the formation of the Bell Telephone 
Company, became its first Secretary-Treasurer, oc- 
cupying that important position ever since. Mr. 
Sclater is also connected with other important com- 
mercial corporations, and is director of the Northern 
Electric and Manufacuring Company, Limited, and 
the Hamilton Power Company. 

Mr. Sclater is a past-President of the St. George's 
Society of Montreal, and has for years been closely 



identified with the charitable work of that influential 
organization. 

Like most Englishmen, .Mr. Sclater regards manly 
exercise as a duty as well as a pleasure. He was 
well known in rowing and football circles in England 
between 1870 and 1876. rowing at Henley in the 
Kingston Crews of 1874, 1875 and 1876, and playing 
on the South of England football teams at about the 
same period. Soon after crossing the Atlantic he 
stroked the South Carolina Rowing Club four to vic- 
tory at the Charleston Regatta in 1877. In Montreal, 
where he has resided since 1880, his active interest in 
all outdoor sports and amusements has been felt and 
appreciated. He was in turn identified with the Old 
Montreal Cricket Club, the old Montreal Toboggan- 
ing Club, the winter carnival committee and the St. 
George's Snowshoe Club. ( )f the latter organization 
he was First Yice-President in 1885 and 1886, and 
President in 1890 and 1891. 

Mr. Sclater was married to Margaret Wilde, of 
Hamilton, Ont. in 1878, and their family consists of 
four daughters and two sons : Mabel, Edna, Ivy, 
Charles Henry, Arthur Norman and Marjorie. 

Mr. Sclater is a member of the Montreal Club. 



106 



WILLIAM HANSON. 



Mr. William Hanson, Investment broker, of the 
well known firm of Hanson Brothers, Canada Life 
Building'. Montreal, was born at Fowey, Cornwall, 
England, April 14, 1851, his parents being Captain 
Joseph Hanson, and his wife Mary Ann Hanson. 

Mr. Hanson was educated at Fowey and at the 
Stratford High School, and came to Montreal in 1881 
as Manager of the Travellers' Insurance Company of 
Hartford. He was subsequently appointed Chief 
Agent of the company for Canada. In 1893 he became 
a partner of the firm of Hanson Brothers, investment 
brokers, of Montreal. 

Mr. Hanson has contributed notably to the com- 
mercial advancement of Canada by taking an active 
and very conspicuous part in the flotation, amalgama 
tion, re-organization and financing of many important 
companies in Canada, notably the Crows' Xest Pass 
Coal Company, the British Columbia Southern Rail 
way Company, the Quebec & Lake St. John Railway 
Company, the Quebec Street Railway, the Chateau- 
guay & Northern Railway, the Ottawa Northern & 
Western, and many other similar corporations. 



He holds manj honorable and responsible posiuons 
on the Boards of leading companies. He is first Vice- 
president of the Quebec and Lake St. John Railway 
and a director of the following : Richelieu & Ontario 
Navigation Company, the Canada Coal and Railway 
Company, the British Columbia Southern Railway, the 
Ottawa Northern & Western Railway, the Dominion 
Guarantee Company, the Montreal Water & Power 
Company, the Quebec Railway, Light & Power Com- 
pany, and others. He was managing director for man) 
years of the Crows' Nest Pass Coal Company. 

Mr. Hanson was married in 1876 at Napanee, to 
Ada Maria Daly (since deceased). Of the issue of 
this union there were two sons and two daughters : 
Florence Meredith, Reginald (deceased), William 
Gordon and Beatrice Grange. 

Mr. Hanson's residence is " Restormel," West- 
mount, Que., and he is a member of the following 
clubs : St. James' Club, Montreal ; Montreal Club, 
Ricleau Club, Ottawa ; Scottish Conservative Club, 
Edinburgh ; Westmount Tennis Club and the West- 
mount Golf Club. 



107 



EDWIN HANSON. 



Mr. Edwin Hanson, member of the firm of Hanson 
Brothers, investment brokers and dealers in govern- 
ment, railway and other securities, Canada Life Build- 
ing, Montreal, was born December 28th. 1853, at 
Fowey, Cornwall, England, his father being Captain 
Joseph Hanson, a master mariner. All of Mr. Han- 
son's ancestors were English. He was educated at the 
Fowey Grammar School, and started upon his business 
career in Cardiff, Wales, as junior in the office of a 
dry dock and ship-building firm. After a year he left 
the firm and came to Canada, where he entered the 
employ of John Green & Company, wholesale dry- 
goods merchants, of London, Out. Mr. Hanson 
entered the office of the house and became cashier, 
retaining that position until he left to start a business 
in Montreal with his brother, Mr. C. A. Hanson, now 
of London, England. This is the business now con- 
ducted by Mr. Hanson and his brother Willhm, under 
the firm stvle of Hanson Brothers. 



Mr. Hanson's connections and high financial stand- 
ing have earned him many positions of high trust in 
influential financial corporations, not only of Canada, 
but of other countries. At the present time he is 
president of the Montreal Water and Power Company, 
of the Havana Electric Railway Company, and a 
director of the Quebec and Lake St. John Railway 
Company. He is a member of the St. James, 
Montreal and Royal Montreal Golf Clubs, all of 
Montreal ; of the Toronto Club, Toronto ; the Forest 
and Stream Club, Dorval, and the Canada Club, of 
London, England. 

Mr. Hanson was married in 1879 at Toronto, to 
Miss Sarah T. Clements, of that citv, their family 
consisting of Gertrude Hanson, Leila Thorpe Hanson, 
Laura Hanson, Ina Marion Hanson, Pauline Hanson, 
Gerald Hanson, Charles Stanley Hanson and 
Madeleine Hanson. Mr. Hanson's residence is 1152 
Dorchester street, Montreal. 



108 



ROBERT MEIGHEN. 



Mr. Robert Meighen, who for fourteen years has 
been President of the Lake of the Woods Milling 
Co., is one of Canada's best known captains of indus- 
try, and his name is familiar to Canadians from one 
end of the Dominion to the other. Mr. Meighen is 
also well-known throughout the British Empire as an 
ardent Imperialist, and as a devoted adherent of the 
policy of Mr. Chamberlain. Mr. Meighen, indeed, 
advocated the policy of Imperial Preferential Trade 
many years ago, and was one of the pioneers, whose 
unceasing and confident advocacy has made it the 
pressing question that it is to-day. Mr. Meighen was 
born at Dungiven, near Londonderry, Ireland, and 
shortly afterwards his father died. The family then 
came to Canada, and settled at Perth, Ontario, where 
the children were educated. In the course of time, the 
boys established themselves in business in Perth, as 
wholesale and retail general merchants, and the firm of 
Arthur Meighen & Bros, soon became widely known 
for probity and enterprise, and for many years has 
been one of the most extensive mercantile firms doing 
business in the old Bathurst district. In 1882, Mr. 
Meighen removed to Montreal, where he became asso- 
siated in business with Sir George Stephen, now Lord 
Mount Stephen, whom he succeeded as President of 
the New Brunswick Railway, which now forms part 
of the Canadian Pacific Eastern Line. This position 
Mr. Meighen still retains. He was interested for 
some years in the Portage Milling Co., at Portage La 
Prairie, and helped to found the Lake of the Woods 
Milling Co., one of the most prosperous and extensive 
milling concerns in the Empire, of which, as already 



stated, he has been president for fourteen years. He 
is a man of many and varied interests, to each of which 
he gives the keenest and most conscientious attention. 
Among other activities, he is director of three other 
business institutions besides those already mentioned, 
the Bank of Toronto, one of the strongest financial in- 
stitutions in the Dominion ; the North-West Land Co., 
and the Dominion Transport Company. Mr. Meighen 
is also an active member of the Montreal Board of 
Trade, and the Montreal Corn Exchange Associa- 
tion, and was a delegate to the Fifth Congress of 
Chambers of Commerce of the Empire. At that Con- 
gress he made a speech that attracted wide attention, 
and that was afterwards published in pamphlet form 
and widely read. Mr. Meighen is also author of an- 
other pamphlet on the fiscal question, which he has 
specially addressed to the farmers of Canada. Mr. 
Meighen is a Presbyterian in religion, and a trustee of 
St. Paul's Church. In politics he is a Conservative. 
His house, 140 Drummond Street, is one of the most 
stately homes in Montreal. His clubs are the Mount 
Royal, St. James and the Canada. Like most of the 
notably successful men of business on this continent, 
to-day, Mr. Meighen is what it is customary to call 
" the architect of his own fortune," in the sense that 
his success depended upon his own prudence, ability 
and perseverance. Mr. Meighen married the youngest 
daughter of the late Wm. Stephen, Esq., formerly of 
Dufftown, Scotland, and the sister of Lord Mount 
Stephen. Mr. and Mrs. Meighen have three children, 
a son, Major Frank Meighen, and two daughters, Mrs. 
R. W. Reford, and Miss Meighen. 



109 







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