(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Encyclopedia of Connecticut biography, genealogical-memorial; representative citizens;"

Gc 

974.6 

Enl 

v.ll 

1233370 



GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 01147 3516 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2009 with funding from 

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center 



http://www.archive.org/details/encyclopediaofco11hart 



ENCYCLOPEDIA 



OP- 




CONNECTICUT BIOGRAPHY 



, GENEALOGICAL — MEMORIAL 



REPRESENTATIVE CITIZENS 



Compiled with the Assistance of a 

Capable Corps of Advisors and Contributors 



ILLUSTRATED 



THE AMERICAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY (Inc.) 

NEW YORK PUBLISHERS CHICAGO 



Joreuiorb 



EACH one of us is "the heir of all 
the ages, in the foremost files of 
time." We build upon the solid 
foundations laid by the strenuous efforts 
of the fathers who have gone before us. 
Nothing is more fitting, and indeed more 
important, than that we should familiar- 
ize ourselves with their work and per- 
sonality ; for it is they who have lifted 
us up to the lofty positions from which 
we are working out our separate careers. 
"Lest we forget," it is important that we 
gather up the fleeting memories of the 
past and give them permanent record in 
well-chosen words of biography, and in 
such reproduction of the long lost faces 
as modern science makes possible. 

Samuel H.\rt. 



1233370 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



BROWNING, John Hull, 

Enterprising Bnsiness Man. 

The names of the chronicle that follows 
have all had honored and notable repre- 
sentatives in the Connecticut common- 
wealth, and the pages of her history are 
open in hearty welcome to the records 
compiled therein. Browning, Hazard, 
Hull and Sisson are patronymics standing 
in distinction and prominence throughout 
all New England, and Connecticut has 
had her share of worthy service and de- 
voted loyalty from their members. 

The surname Browning is Anglo- 
Saxon, and in its older form would ap- 
pear to be the German word Bruning, 
which later came to be rendered in vari- 
ous ways, as Bruning, Bruening, Browne- 
ing, Brimming, Brininge, Browninge, etc. 
The earliest form of the name, according 
to the poet, Robert Browning, was "De 
Bruni," which was the name in Norman 
French of one of the ancient German 
tribes which inhabited the northern part 
of the country on the shores of the Baltic 
sea. According to the scholar, John 
Aaron Browning, the form of the word in 
High German is Brauning and in Low 
German is Bruning, names still often 
found. In the English home of the fam- 
ily the name was anglicized to Browning. 
The word Bruning probably refers to the 
complexion of the skin or the hair of the 
people originally socalled. The "brun" 
meaning brown, and the suffix "ing" mean- 
ing relating to, the significance of the name 
would be relating to those of brown 
complexion. Some scholars, however, 
contend that "ing" is a diminutive signi- 
fying "less," so that those designated 
Bruning would be described as less brown 



than their neighbors. The Anglo-Saxon 
word Browning may have the same mean- 
ing ascribed to Bruning, but "ing" in 
Anglo-Saxon is the word for meadow or 
low pasture land, such as surrounds the 
shores of the Baltic. As the Brunings 
originally came from that locality, the 
word may have referred to them as the 
inhabitants of the low meadows or pasture 
lands whence they came. The Browning 
arms are recorded as follows : 

Arms — Barry wavy of six argent and azure. 

Crest — ^A sinister arm from the elbow, issuing 
from a cloud in the dexter, holding the hand above 
a serpent's head, erect from the middle, and look- 
ing towards the sinister proper. 

(I) Nathaniel Browning, son of Mrs. 
Elizabeth Browning, of London, Eng- 
land, was born in London, England, about 
1618. Mrs. Browning and her husband 
would appear both to have been Non- 
Conformists, and the prosecution that fol- 
lowed them was probably the inducing 
cause that led Nathaniel Browning to 
embark for America soon after he came 
of age, or in the year 1640, when he was 
about twenty-two years old. He landed 
in Boston, Massachusetts, and from there 
went to Portsmouth, Rhode Island. The 
reason for his going was probably that 
his subsequent father-in-law, William 
Freeborn, was also a Puritan, or Non- 
Conformist, and had sailed from Ipswich, 
England, in 1634, when he was forty 
years old, and his wife Mary, thirty-five 
years old. 

The first mention that we have of 
Nathaniel Browning in the records of 
Rhode Island is in 1645, when it is stated 
that he purchased a dwelling house and 
two lots in Warwick for three pounds of 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



wampum. The wampum consisted of 
strings of carefully selected shells, con- 
sidered and used as money by the Indians. 
In 1654 he was made a freeman. This 
implied a good deal at the time, as the 
colonies were very young, and not only 
the Indians were in the vicinity, fre- 
quently visiting the settlements, but also, 
what was more to be dreaded, many per- 
sons of uncertain character were continu- 
ally coming from England to America 
who threatened the peace and quiet of the 
settlements. As any person who was 
made a freeman was taken into the coun- 
cil and government of the colony, such 
persons were only admitted by the Gen- 
eral Court, and after having taken an 
oath of allegiance to the government here 
established ; and it was very important for 
the protection of their wives and children 
as well as their property that no such per- 
sons should be admitted as freeman. This 
custom continued until the second charter 
in 1692 made Massachusetts a royal 
province. He died at Portsmouth, Rhode 
Island, about 1670, when about fifty-two 
years old. 

Nathaniel Browning married, about 
1650, Sarah Freeborn, second daughter of 
William and Mary Freeborn, who sailed 
from Ipswich, England, in 1634. Two 
children were born to Nathaniel and 
Sarah Browning: William, of whom 
further; Jane, born about 1655. 

(II) William Browning, son of Nathan- 
iel and Sarah (Freeborn) Browning, was 
born about 165 1, at Portsmouth, Rhode 
Island. He was a farmer, and lived at 
North Kingston, Rhode Island. In 1684 
he was made a freeman, and the records 
show that he exchanged lands in 1685. 
The record also shows that on February 
26, 1688, he sold to Robert Fisher twenty 
acres. He died in 1730, in the eightieth 
year of his age. His will, dated January 



12, 1730, proved February 8, 1730, reads 
in part as follows : 

To wife, Sarah, thirty pounds yearly for life; to 
eldest son, Samuel, two hundred and fifty acres in 
South Kingston, one hundred pounds, and to have 
also ten pounds paid by his brother John ; to son 
William two hundred and fifty acres in South 
Kingston on which he now dwelleth ; to son John a 
hundred acres at Point Judith, where he dwelleth ; to 
daughter Sarah three hundred pounds ; to deceased 
daughter Hannah Knowles children, Rebecca and 
Hannah, a hundred pounds at eighteen, equally 
divided ; to three sons the rest of the estate equally. 

William Browning married (first), in 
1687, Rebecca Wilbur, daughter of Sam- 
uel and Hannah (Porter) Wilbur, grand- 
daughter of Samuel Wilbur and John 
Porter, both of whom were original 
settlers of Portsmouth. He married 
(second) Sarah, surname unknown, who 
died in 1730. Issue, all by first marriage: 
I. Samuel, born February 9, 1688. 2. 
Hannah, born July 16, 1691. 3. William, 
born September 29, 1693. 4. Sarah, born 
April, 1694. 5. John, of whom further. 

(Ill) John Browning, youngest son of 
William and Rebecca (Wilbur) Brown- 
ing, was born March 4, 1696, at South 
Kingston, Rhode Island. He was a 
farmer and lived in South Kingston, near 
the seacoast. In 1774 he was made a 
freeman, and the records show that on 
March 8, 1738, he bought of Jeffrey 
Hazard a tract of two hundred acres, giv- 
ing £2000 for it. He sold, October 20, 
1741, to Stephen Hazard, for £3000, a 
tract of land of a hundred acres, and April 
27, 1741, he deeded to his son Jeremiah 
forty acres of the land bought of Jeffrey 
Hazard, a relative of his wife. In later 
years the Hazard family became very 
wealthy by manufacturing woolens, their 
principal mill being at Peace Dale, Rhode 
Island. In his will, dated August 23, 
1770, proved April 14, 1777, he deeded to 
his grandsons, Thomas and William, sons 




IBrotumnn 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



I 



of Thomas, deceased, all his lands in 
South Kingston, being part of his home- 
stead farm, about a hundred acres, and to 
them fourteen acres salt marsh in Charles- 
ton. John Browning was buried in the 
little Quaker burying ground at South 
Kingston, Rhode Island, near the factory, 
a small granite headstone, dug from the 
hills nearby, marking the spot where he 
lies. The name "John Browning" is all 
that is carved upon it, while at his side 
a small mound of earth marks the resting 
place of his wife, Ann (Hazard) Brown- 
ing, with no tombstone at all to mark the 
spot. John Browning died in 1777, at 
Exeter, Rhode Island, in his eighty-first 
year. 

John Browning married, April 21, 1721, 
Ann Hazard, born February 28, 1701, 
daughter of Jeremiah and Sarah (Smith) 
Hazard. (See Hazard line.) Issue: i. 
Thomas, of whom further. 2. Sarah Eliza- 
beth, born 1724. 3. Jeremiah, born 1726. 
4. Hannah, born 1728. 5. Martha, born 
1732. 6. Ann, born 1734. 7. Eunice, born 
1740. 8. John, born September 15, 1742. 
9. Mary, born 1744. 10. Ephriam, born 
September 20, 1746. 

(IV) Thomas Browning, eldest son of 
John and Ann (Hazard) Browning, was 
born in 1722, at Kingston, Rhode Island. 
He was a farmer at Hopkinton, Rhode 
Island, and was made a freeman in 1742. 
In religion he was a Quaker. He was 
ensign of Company I, South Kingston, 
Third Regiment, in May, 1743, and was 
made captain of his company in May, 
1747. He is mentioned as justice of the 
peace at Little Compton in June, 1749. 
He died in 1770, at South Kingston, 
Rhode Island, aged fifty-two years. He 
left no will, but the inventory of his per- 
sonal estate showed that it amounted to 
£650. 

Thomas Browning married (first) 
Mary Browning, daughter of William and 



Mary (Wilkinson) Browning. He mar- 
ried (second), July 2, 1769, Anna Hoxie, 
daughter of Solomon and Mary Hoxie, of 
Richmond, Rhode Island. Issue by first 
marriage : i. Robert, born 1757. 2. 
Thomas, born 1761. 3. William Thomas, 
of further mention. 4. Annie, born 1767. 
Issue by second marriage: i. Joshua, born 
1770. 

(V) William Thomas Browning, third 
son of Thomas and Mary (Browning) 
Browning, was born at South Kingston, 
Rhode Island, May 11, 1765. He was left 
an orphan when he was six years old, 
and went to live with his uncles, who 
were also his guardians. He lived part of 
the time with his uncle, Jeremiah Brown- 
ing, and part of the time with his uncle, 
John Browning. When eleven years of 
age his guardians sold a farm for him for 
a very large amount for those days, and 
the money was stored in his guardian's 
house in South Kingston, in gold and 
silver coins. This was during the War 
of the Revolution, and the State govern- 
ment sent officers with soldiers and took 
the money, leaving in its place continental 
currency, which was stored in barrels in 
the garret of the house. When he moved 
from South Kingston he went to Preston 
township, Connecticut, and bought a farm 
there. He built a new farm house on the 
dividing line between the townships of 
Preston and North Stonington, so that 
one-half of the house was in one town- 
ship and one-half in the other. This after- 
wards became known as the old Brown- 
ing homestead, and is still standing in 
very good condition, occupied by a Mr. 
Richardson. The barrels of continental 
money he took with him and stored in the 
garret of his new home. He died January 
2, 1826, on his farm in Preston. 

William T. Browning married, Decem- 
ber 29, 1784, Catherine Morey, daughter 
of Robert Morey, of Newport, Rhode 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Island. Issue: i. Catherine, born Janu- 
ary 28, 1786. 2. Mary, bom February 4, 
1788. 3. Thomas, born April 21, 1790. 4. 
Elizabeth, born July i, 1792. 5. Sarah, 
(twin), born Augfust 9, 1794. 6. Ann, 
(twin), born August 9, 1794. 7. William, 
bom August 25, 1796. 8. Thomas M., 
born June 17, 1798. 9. Joshua, born July 
17, 1800. ID. John Hazard, of whom 
further. 11. Latham Hull, born April 13, 
1804. 12. Oren, born March 31, 1806. 13. 
Benjamin Franklin, born February 18, 
1808. 14. Susan A., born November 8, 
1810. 

(VI) John Hazard Browning, son of 
William Thomas and Catherine (Morey) 
Browning, was born July 28, 1801, at the 
Browning homestead near Preston City, 
Connecticut. He grew up on his father's 
farm near Preston City, and when five or 
six years old met with an accident by 
falling into a deep well, which nearly cost 
him his life. He taught school for sev- 
eral years before starting in business, and 
began his commercial career in Milltown, 
Connecticut, in 1821, where he ran a gen- 
eral store, dealing largely in yarn spun 
by the farmers' wives. Shortly after his 
marriage he moved to New London, Con- 
necticut, and there continued a general 
merchandise business. In 1833 he moved 
to New York City and started in the dry 
goods business at the corner of Fulton 
and Water streets, as Browning & Hull. 
In 1849 he closed his business and went 
into the general merchandise in Cali- 
fornia, along with Oliver Jennings and 
Benjamin A. Brewster, whom he sent out 
to California for the purpose. He re- 
mained in New York City manufacturing 
cloth and buying other supplies which he 
shipped to the store in California. The 
store was burned three times without fire 
insurance, and the stock was a total loss. 
This business was very prosperous, but 
he withdrew from it and all active affairs 



in 1857, except as a special partner with 
his eldest son in the clothing business, 
which was conducted by Hanford & 
Browning. Afterwards this firm became 
Browning, King & Company, and now 
has stores in nearly all the principal cities 
of the United States. He died March 22, 
1877. 

John Hazard Browning married (first), 
September 21, 1829, Eliza Smith Hull, of 
Stonington, Connecticut, daughter of 
Colonel John W. and Elizabeth (Smith) 
Hull, the latter of Waterford, Connecti- 
cut; she died April 21, 1875 (see Hull 
VIII). John Hazard Browning married 
(second) Isabelle Rutter, daughter of 
William Rutter, of New York City, Janu- 
ary II, 1876. Issue, all by first marriage: 
I. John W., born March 5, 1831, died in 
1833. 2. William Charles, born November 
I3> 1835. 3. Edward Franklin, born June 
21, 1837. 4. Ann Elizabeth, born Febru- 
ary 13, 1839. 5. John Hull, of whom 
further. 

(VII) John Hull Browning, youngest 
child of John Hazard and Eliza Smith 
(Hull) Browning, was born December 25, 
1841, in Orange, New Jersey, where the 
family had been for some time estab- 
lished. After pursuing a course in the 
New York Academy, he embarked upKsn a 
business career in his twentieth year, 
entering the wholesale clothing firm of 
William C. Browning & Company, which 
business was very successful, and John 
Hull Browning ultimately became inter- 
ested in various financial and business 
enterprises. Soon after 1883 he succeeded 
the late Charles G. Sisson as president of 
the Northern Railroad of New Jersey, 
which position he occupied twenty-two 
years. He was secretary and treasurer of 
the East & West Railroad of Alabama, 
and for twenty years was president of 
the Richmond County Gas Company, in 
what is Greater New York. For some 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



time he was treasurer of the Cherokee 
Iron Company of Cedartown, Georgia, 
and he was a director in the Citizen's 
National Bank of Englewood, New Jer- 
sey. Mr. Browning made his home in 
New York City, but maintained an attrac- 
tive summer home at Tenafly, New Jer- 
sey. He was deeply interested in organ- 
ized charitable work, both in New York 
and New Jersey, and in association with 
his wife erected a fresh air children's 
home at Tenafly. While he was essen- 
tially a business man, a director in many 
profitable enterprises, Mr. Browning al- 
ways had time for a reasonable amount 
of recreation, and devoted much thought 
and care to benevolent work in the inter- 
est of mankind in general. He was twice 
a presidential elector, and prior to his 
marriage was active in the Masonic order. 
He died suddenly in the Erie ferryhouse 
at the foot of Chambers street. New York 
City, October 26, 1914, on his way home. 
John Hull Browning married, October 
19, 1871, Eva B. Sisson, daughter of 
Charles Grandison and Mary Elizabeth 
(Garrabrant) Sisson (see Sisson on a fol- 
lowing page). They were the parents of 
a son, John Hull Browning, Jr., bom 
October 6, 1874. died June 10, 1917. 

(Tho Hazard Line). 

Arms — Azure, two bars argent; on a chief or 
three escallops gules. 

Crest — An escallop gules. 

The family of Hassard, Hassart, or 
Hazard, is of Norman extraction. At the 
time of the Conquest they were sitting on 
the borders of Switzerland, and were dis- 
tinguished by the ancient but long extinct 
title of Duke de Charante. Two bearing 
this title visited the Holy Land as cru- 
saders. The Hazards in this country 
belong chiefly to Rhode Island, where the 
original Thomas Hazard settled in 1639. 
Tradition says that Thomas Hazard was 



accompanied by a nephew, the ancestor 
of the New York and southern branches 
of the family. In Rhode Island the name 
is one of the most numerous in the State. 
Mrs. Mary Hazard, of South Kingston, 
Rhode Island, grandmother of Governor 
Hazard, died in 1739, at the age of one 
hundred years, and could count up five 
hundred children, grandchildren, great- 
grandchildren, and great-great-grandchil- 
dren, of whom two hundred and five were 
then living. 

(I) Thomas Hazard, the first American 
ancestor, born in England in 1610, came 
from England, some say Wales, and set- 
tled in Rhode Island, in 1635. His name 
is first found in Boston in 1635. In 1638 
he was admitted a freeman of Boston ; in 
1639 he was admitted freeman of New- 
port, Rhode Island, and in 1640 he was 
appointed a member of the General Court 
of Elections. He died in 1680. Thomas 
Hazard married (first) Martha, surname 
unknown, who died in 1669. He mar- 
ried (second) Martha Sheriff, widow of 
Thomas Sheriff, who died in 1691. Issue, 
probably all by first marriage: i. Robert, 
of whom further. 2. Elizabeth, married 
George Lawton. 3. Hannah, married 
Stephen Wilcox, son of Edward Wilcox. 
4. Martha, married (first) Ichabod Potter, 
son of Nathaniel and Dorothy Potter; 
(second) Benjamin Mowry, son of Roger 
and Mary Mowry. 

(II) Robert Hazard, eldest son of 
Thomas and Martha (Sheriff) Hazard, 
was born in 1635, in England or Ireland. 
He was admitted a freeman of Ports- 
mouth, Rhode Island, and appears to have 
been a prominent man in the colony, and 
was a large landowner. He built a big 
house in Kingston, Rhode Island, which 
stood for a century and a half. The house 
had a long L in which was a capacious 
chimney with two stone seats where, tra- 
dition says, the little slave children were 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



wont to sit. Robert Hazard, according to 
the deeds given to his sons and others, 
owned more than a thousand acres of 
land. He died in 1710. 

Robert Hazard married Mary Brownell, 
daughter of Thomas and Ann Brownell. 
She died January 28, 1739, at the age of 
one hundred years, having lived to see 
five hundred of her descendants, as previ- 
ously stated. She appears to have been 
remarkable in more ways than one, for 
the "Boston Gazette" dated February 12, 
1739, says of her: "She was accounted a 
very useful Gentlewoman, both to the 
Poor and Rich on many accounts, and 
particularly amongst Sick Persons for her 
Skill and Judgment, which she did 
Gratis." Issue: i. Thomas, born in 1660, 
died in 1746; married Susannah Nichols. 
2. George, married Penelope Arnold, 
daughter of Caleb and Abigail Arnold, 
and died in 1743. 3. Stephen, married 
Elizabeth Helme, and died September 20, 
1727. 4. Martha, married Thomas Wil- 
cox, and died in 1753. 5. Mary, married 
Edward Wilcox, and died before 1710. 6. 
Robert, married Amey, surname un- 
known, and died in 1710. 7. Jeremiah, of 
whom further. 8. Hannah, married Jef- 
frey Champlin. 

(Ill) Jeremiah Hazard, fifth son and 
seventh child of Robert and Mary 
(Brownell) Hazard, was born March 25, 
1675. He lived at Kingstown, Rhode 
Island, and like others of the family he 
owned much land, some of which re- 
mained with his descendants for genera- 
tions. He died February 2, 1768, aged 
ninety-three years. 

Jeremiah Hazard married Sarah Smith, 
daughter of Jeremiah and Mary ( Geready) 
Smith. Issue: i. Mary, born March 12, 
1696, died in 1771. 2. Ann, born February 
28, 1701 ; married John Browning, of 
South Kingston (see Browning III). 3. 
Robert, born April i, 1703, married 



Patience Northup. 4. Sarah, born Janu- 
ary II, 1706, married, October 24, 1728, 
Robert Moore. 5. Martha, born October 
8, 1708. 6. Hannah, born in April, 1714; 
married Samuel Watson. 7. Susannah, 
born May 21, 1716. 

(The Hull Line). 

Arms — -Sable, a chevron ermine between three 
talbots' heads erased argent. 

Crest — ^A talbot's head erased argent between 
two laurel branches proper united at the top. 

It is claimed by some that people who 
spell their name Hull are derived from the 
same stock as those who spell their name 
Hill and Hall, etc. In support of this 
theory, old records are cited, showing the 
spelling of names as de la Hille, de la 
Hall, de Hill, de Hall, de Halle, Hall and 
Hill and de Hulle and de la Hulle, Hule 
and Hull. It is also claimed that the 
Saxon word "atte" is the equivalent of 
the Norman word "de" or "de la" and the 
surname Hill, Helle, Hulle, or Hulls 
means a hill or hills. Atte Hull therefore 
would appear to mean, of the hills or 
from the hills. The probabilities are, 
however, that Hull, Hill and Hall are and 
have always been the names of separate 
and distinct families, themselves divided 
into other families of the same name, hav- 
ing no connection with each other except 
where they belonged to the same locality. 
The ancestors of those bearing the name 
of Hull were among the settlers and 
founders of this country. They took part 
in the formation of the government in the 
early colonies as well as in the first war 
of the colony of Connecticut against the 
Pequot Indians ; their descendants again 
served in King Philip's War, and later in 
the Colonial and Revolutionary wars, and 
have held in both civic and military affairs 
of this country positions of which their 
descendants may be proud. 

(I) Rev. Joseph Hull, the immigrant 
ancestor of one well known American line 



8 




HULL 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



bearing the name of Hull, was born in 
Somersetshire, England, about 1594. He 
matriculated at St. Magdalen Hall, Ox- 
ford, May 12, 1612, aged seventeen years, 
and was installed rector of Northleigh 
diocese of Exeter, Devonshire, England, 
April 14, 1621. On March 20, 1635, he 
sailed with his family, consisting of his 
wife Agnes, aged twenty-five years, who 
was his second wife, and two sons, five 
daughters, and three servants, from Wey- 
mouth, bound for New England, with a 
company composed of sixteen families 
and numbering one hundred and four per- 
sons, chiefly west country people. They 
arrived in Boston Harbor, May 6, 1635. 
On their arrival at Boston a grant was 
obtained to establish a plantation at Wes- 
saguscus, and here, with others from 
Boston and Dorchester, they soon gath- 
ered into a church organization with Mr. 
Hull as their pastor. In September of the 
same year Mr. Hull, with other prominent 
residents of his community, took the 
freeman's oath, and their plantation was 
erected into a township and "decreed 
hereafter to be called Weymouth." The 
new church did not meet with favor from 
its Puritan neighbors. Dissension quickly 
arose within the church itself, instigated 
by the authorities outside, and in less than 
a year the Separatists had called the Rev. 
Thomas Jenner, of Roxbury, to be their 
pastor, and Mr. Hull relinquished his 
charge and withdrew. He obtained a 
grant of land in Hingham, the adjoining 
town, and after a brief season of preach- 
ing at Bass River, now Beverly, he gave 
up his ministerial labor and turned his 
attention to civic affairs. He evidently 
possessed the confidence of his fellow- 
townsmen, for he was twice elected 
deputy to the General Court, and in 1638 
was appointed one of the local magis- 
trates of Hingham. In June, 1639, the 
Plymouth court granted authority to Mr. 



Joseph Hull and Thomas Dimoc to erect 
a plantation at Barnstable, on Cai>e Cod. 
Mr. Hull was elected freeman and deputy 
for Barnstable at the first General Court 
held at Plymouth. For a time he sup- 
ported his family by agriculture and the 
raising of cattle and horses. Turning 
once more to the ministry, he preached 
for a long time at the Isle of Shoals. Re- 
turning to Barnstable, he accepted a call 
at Yarmouth and moved his family there, 
but as the call was not for a recognized 
church organization, it aroused the hos- 
tility of the authorities and Mr. Hull 
was excommunicated by the Barnstable 
Church in 1641. He withdrew to the 
more friendly association of the Maine 
colony. For a time he was settled at the 
Isle of Shoals, and in 1643 was called to 
York, Maine, as minister. In 1652 Mr. 
Hull returned to England and was given 
the living at St. Burian, in Cornwall, 
where he remained until after the Restora- 
tion. In 1662 he returned to America and 
was settled as minister at Oyster River, 
now Dover, New Hampshire. Here, 
among his old friends, he passed the clos- 
ing years of his life in quietness and 
esteem. He died at York, Maine, Novem- 
ber 19, 1665. 

Rev. Joseph Hull was twice married, 
but the names of both his wives remain 
unknown. The first died in England, and 
he married again, about 1635. Issue: i. 
Joanna, born in England, married (first) 
at Sandwich, Massachusetts, Colonel John 
Bursley, of Barnstable. Married (second) 
Dolor Davis. 2. Joseph, born in England, 
settled at York, Maine. 3. Tristram, of 
whom further. 4. Temperance, born in 
England. 5. Elizabeth, born in England. 
6. Grisselds, born in England. 7. Dorothy. 
8. Benjamin, born in Hingham. 9. Naomi, 
born in Barnstable. 10. Ruth. 

(II) Captain Tristram Hull, second son 
of the Rev. Joseph Hull, was born in Eng- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



land, in 1626. He was a selectman of 
Barnstable, a military officer, and left 
property to the value of £1150 2s. 5d., 
sterling, a large amount in those days. In 
February, 1656, he was fined for reliev- 
ing some persecuted Quakers of Boston. 
He joined the Society of Friends. 

Captain Tristram Hull married, but the 
name of his wife is unknown. Issue: i. 
Mary, born in Yarmouth, September 16, 
1645 ; married Joseph Holley, of Sand- 
wich. 2. Sarah, born in March, 1650, at 
Barnstable ; married Robert Burgess, of 
Linn. 3. Joseph, of whom further. 4. 
John, born in Barnstable in March, 1654; 
married, in London, October 23, 1684, 
Alice Tidemann. 5. Hannah, born in 
Barnstable, February, 1656 ; married, Sep- 
tember 15, 1674, Joseph Blish, and died 
November 15, 1733. 

(III) Joseph (2) Hull, eldest son of 
Captain Tristram Hull, was born at Barn- 
stable, in June, 1652. He was made a 
freeman in 1696, and was governor assist- 
ant in 1699 and from 1701 to 1703. He 
suffered much persecution because he was 
a member of the Society of Friends, of 
which community he was a minister. In 
1681 he was fined for beating the sheriflF 
who had persecuted him as a Quaker. He 
died at South Kingston, Rhode Island, 
about 1709. Joseph (2) Hull married, in 
October, 1676, Experience Harper, daugh- 
ter of Robert Harper, who was one of the 
first Quakers to suffer in body and estate, 
and was in 1660 banished from Boston. 

(IV) Tristram (2) Hull, son of Joseph 
(2) and Experience (Harper) Hull, was 
born in 1677, lived in Westerly, and 
owned lands there. He died in 1718. 
Tristram (2) Hull married Elizabeth 
Dyer, daughter of Charles Dyer, son of 
William Dyer, whose wife Mary was 
executed on Boston Common, January i, 
1660, because she was a Quakeress. 

(V) Stephen Hull, son of Tristram (2) 



and Elizabeth (Dyer) Hull, was bom at 
Westerly, Rhode Island, in 1715. He lived 
at South Kingston, and witnessed many 
stirring events during the Revolutionary 
War. He died in 1798. Stephen Hull 
married Martha Clark. 

(VI) Latham Hull, son of Stephen and 
Martha (Qark) Hull, was born at South 
Kingston, Rhode Island, in 1750. He died 
at North Stonington in 1807. Latham 
Hull married (first) Anna Wheeler. He 
married (second) Desire Williams, born 
January 24, 1751, a lineal descendant of 
John and Elizabeth Tilley, both of whor^ 
were passengers on the "Mayflower." 
Issue : I. Jeremiah, married Keturah 
Randall Williams. 2. John W., of whom 
further. 

(VII) Colonel John W. Hull, son of 
Latham and Desire (Williams) Hull, was 
born in January, 1789. He lived at North 
Stoningfton, Connecticut, and served in 
the army, being colonel. John W. Hull 
married (first) Elizabeth Smith, of 
Waterford, Connecticut, granddaughter of 
Charles Stewart and Hannah Williams 
Smith. He married (second) Nancy 
York. Issue by first marriage : i. Eunice, 
married Benjamin Franklin Browning, 
brother of John Hazard Browning. 2. 
John Pomery, married Harriet Jane 
Argall, of New York City. 3. Eliza 
Smith, of whom further. Issue by second 
marriage : 4. Jesse Y. Lathrop. 5. 
Charles S. 6. Ann, married (first) Eras- 
tus Hewitt; (second) Latham Stewart. 
7. Elmire, married William Argall. 

(VIII) Eliza Smith Hull, daughter of 
Colonel John W. and Elizabeth (Smith) 
Hull, was born May 26, 1812. She was 
a woman of great literary accomplish- 
ments. She died April 21, 1875. Eliza 
Smith Hull married, September 21, 1829, 
John Hazard Browning, when she was 
seventeen and he was twenty-eight years 
old (see Browning VI). 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



SISSON, Charles G., 

Man of Great Enterprise. 

Arms — Per fesse embattled or and azure, three 
griffins' heads erased counterchanged. 

Crest~A griffin's head erased or. 

Motto— Hope for the best. (The motto, Si 
sonent tubae paratus. has been sometimes used over 
the crest). 

This family name was probably derived 
from Soissons, a province of France, the 
progenitors of the English branches 
doubtless having come to Britain vsrith 
William of Normandy. In the poll tax 
returns of Howdenshire (Yorkshire) for 
the year 1739 the following names are 
found : Johannes Sisson, Robertus Cis- 
son, Henricus Sisson, Thomas Cysson, 
and William Cisson. An English gene- 
alogist concludes that in one instance the 
name is derived from Syston, a populous 
village in Leicestershire, but here again 
the real origin leads to France. The Eng- 
lish Sissons were, as a rule, non-conform- 
ists and engaged in commerce. 

(I) Richard Sisson, the first of the 
name in America, is of record at Ports- 
mouth, Rhode Island, where on May 17, 
1653, he was admitted a freeman of the 
town. On July 2, 1653, he was on a jury 
that found in the case of Thomas Brad- 
ley (discovered dead on the highway) 
"that by extremity of heat the said 
Thomas was overcome and so perished by 
himself in the wilderness." On July 6, 
1658, he bought of William Hall one 
three-hundredth of the island of Quonon- 
oquett (Conanicut), and one three hun- 
dredth of Dutch Island, and two years 
later he disposed of this property and a 
like amount in the same locality. In 1667 
he served on the grand jury, being then at 
Dartmouth, Massachusetts, and in 1668, 
at the age of sixty or thereabouts, he gave 
the following testimony: "John Archer, 
being at my house, did speak as foUow- 



eth, and said the deed of gift made by 
Namumpan to John Sanford and himself 
was a cheat, and the intent thereof was 
to deceive Namumpan, squaw Sachem, of 
her land ; and they were to have both corn 
and peague to secure her land, from 
Wamsutta or Peter Talman, and was to 
resign up the deed at her demand." In 
1671 he was surveyor of highways. He 
died in 1684. The inventory of his estate 
amounted to £600 igd, and included one 
Indian servant, valued at £10, and one 
negro servant valued at £28. His wife 
Mary died in 1692. They were the par- 
ents of six children: i. George, of whom 
further. 2. Elizabeth, born April 8, 1650; 
married, 1670, Caleb Allen. 3. James, 
died in 1734; married Elizabeth Hatha- 
way. 4. John, died in 1687 ; married Mary 

. 5. Anne, died in 1713, married 

Peleg Tripp. 6. Mary, died in 1674; mar- 
ried Isaac Lawton. 

(II) George Sisson, son of Richard and 
Mary Sisson, was born in 1644, and died 
September 7, 1718. About 1667 he went 
with his father to Dartmouth, and after 
remaining a few years returned to Ports- 
mouth. In 1671 he was on the grand jury 
at Dartmouth, and in the same year was 
on a committee to view the damage done 
the Indians by the horses and dogs of the 
English. In this year, too, he sold prop- 
erty in Portsmouth for three-eighths of 
one share in Dartmouth. George Sisson 
in 1684 was on a jury which found a ver- 
dict on a dead Indian "that he murdered 
himself," etc. On June 24, 1687, he was 
appointed administrator of his brother 
John's widow, Mary. In the same year 
he was constable, in 1688 grand juryman, 
in 1690, 1702, 1705, and 1707 deputy, and 
in 1703 justice of the peace. His will, 
made August 20, 1718, disposed of an 
estate of £451 i8s. 8d., the homestead 
farm given to Richard, his eldest son. 
This property, lying in Portsmouth, 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Rhode Island, has descended from father 
to son to the present time. 

George Sisson married Sarah Lawton, 
daughter of Thomas Lawton. She died 
July 5, 1718. Children: i. Elizabeth, 
born August 18, 1669, died in 1752 ; mar- 
ried Jeremiah Clark. 2. Mary, born Octo- 
ber 18, 1670, died in 1718. 3. Ann, born 
December 17, 1672 ; married Philip 
Weeden. 4. Hope, born December 24, 
1674; married William Sanford. 5. 
Richard, born September 10, 1676, died in 
1752; married Ann Card. 6. Ruth, born 
May 5, 1680, married Richard Tew. 7. 
George, born March 23, 1683 ; married 
(first) Mercy; (second) Lydia Cole. 8. 
Abigail, born March 23, 1685, died August 
30, 1723 ; married William Tew. 9. 
Thomas, of whom further. 10. John, born 
June 26, 1688, died in 1784; married 

Rebecca . 11. James, born July 26, 

1690, married Deborah Cook. 

(III) Thomas Sisson, son of George 
and Sarah (Lawton) Sisson, was born 
September 10, 1686, and died in 1775. 
Under his father's will he inherited prop- 
erty in Newport, and there spent the 
greater part of his life. His wife, Jane, 
died in 1758. Children: i. Giles, 2. Wil- 
liam, of whom further. 3. Thomas. 4. 
Peleg. 5. Rebecca. 

(IV) William Sisson, son of Thomas 
and Jane Sisson, was a prosperous farmer 
and well known resident of Stonington, 
Connecticut, where he married and where 
his children were born, as follows: I. 
Oliver, born March 30, 1738. 2. Nathan, 
born April 14, 1740. 3. Hannah, born 
June 17, 1742. 4. William, of whom 
further. 5. Benajah, born September 17, 
1746. 6. James, born August 15, 1748. 7. 
Abigail, born October 24, 1750. 8. Jona- 
than, born May 2, 1753. 9. Hannah, bom 
June 17, 1755. 10. Thomas, born April 4, 
1758, died October 2, 1841. 

(V) William (2) Sisson, son of Wil- 



liam (i) Sisson, was born July 12, 1744, 
and died October 15, 1798. He was a 
leading merchant at Stonington, and 
prominent in military aflFairs. William 
Sisson married, April 10, 1766, Mary or 
Marcy Noyes, daughter of John and Mary 
or Marcy (Breed) Noyes, descendant of 
James Noyes, who came to England in 
1634 in the "Mary and John." Children: 
I. Gilbert, of whom further. 2. Marcy, 
born April 15, 1771. 3. Lucy, born Janu- 
ary 28, 1773. 4. Abigail, born July il, 
1775. 5. Huldah, born February 28, 1778. 
6. Nancy, born July 9, 1780. 7. William, 
born April 29, 1784. 8. Polly, born May 
20,1787. 9. Hannah, born August 25, 1792. 
(VI) Major Gilbert Sisson, son of Wil- 
liam (2) and Mary (Noyes) Sisson, was 
born at Stonington, March 13, 1769, and 
died September 11, 1840. He was a not- 
able figure for decades in the public life 
of the town and a leader in its military 
activity. Major Gilbert Sisson married, 
March 22, 1791, Desire Maine, daughter 
of Amos and Abigail (Brown) Maine, of 
Stonington, and a descendant of Ezekiel 
Maine, founder of the family of America, 
and one of the early residents of Stoning- 
ton. She was born March 31, 1772, and 
died November 17, 1842. Children : i. 
Polly, born November 17, 1791, died 
August 17, 1794. 2. Esther, born Decem- 
ber 8, 1793, died February 18, 1875; mar- 
ried William Lewis. 3. Betsey, born Sep- 
tember 19, 1796; married Clark D. 
Thompson. 4. Noyes, born September 21, 
1798, died August 7, 1872; married (first) 
Eliza Browning, (second) Rachel Avery. 

5. Gilbert, born September i, 1800, died 
July 27, 1876; married Elizabeth Lewis. 

6. William, bom September 6, 1802, died 
April 6, 1875 ; married Abbie Browning. 

7. Lucy A., died November 26, 1890 ; mar- 
ried Henry Bliven. 8. Charles Grandison, 
of whom further. 9. Emily, born June 7, 
1809, died February 19, 1855 ; married 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Robert A. Bliven. lo. Benjamin F., born 
April 20, 181 1, died September 8, 1885; 
married (first) Marritta York; (second) 
Margaret Milliard. 11. Cyrus S., born 
March 5, 1813, died March 22, 1813. 12. 
Oliver A., born May i, 1816, died in 1885 ; 
married (first) Mary M. Segar; (second) 
Sarah M. Perry. 

(VII) Charles Grandison Sisson, son 
of Major Gilbert and Desire (Maine) 
Sisson, was born in Stonington, Connecti- 
cut, April 15, 1807, and died August 21, 
1874. Mr. Sisson was a projector, con- 
tractor, and railroad president, and one of 
the foremost citizens of New Jersey dur- 
ing a residence in that State of more than 
a quarter of a century. 

Charles Grandison Sisson married 
(first) Martha Wheeler, daughter of Asa 
and Polly (Brown) Wheeler, of Stoning- 
ton ; (second) Mary Hewitt, daughter of 
Elias and Polly (Miner) Hewitt, of Ston- 
ington ; (third) Mary Elizabeth Garra- 
brant, who was born in New Jersey, in 
1836, daughter of Myndert Garrabrant, 
and member of an old Knickerbocker 
family. She died in 1870. Charles Grand- 
ison Sisson and Mary Elizabeth (Garra- 
brant) Sisson were the parents of Eva B. 
Sisson, who married John Hull Brown- 
ing (see Browning VII). 



PORTER, Rev. Noah, 

Clergyman, Edncator, Anthor. 

Arms — Argent, on a fess sable, between two bar- 
rulets or, three church bells of the first. 

Crest — A portcullis proper, chained or. 

Motto — Vigilante et virtute. (By watchfulness 
and braverj')- 

Genealogists trace the origin of this 
family to the Norman Conquest, to one 
William de la Grande, a Norman knight 
who fought at Hastings in the train of 
William the Conqueror, and for his ser- 



vices was given lands at or near Kenil- 
worth in Warwickshire. His son held 
the court office of grand porteur under the 
reign of King Henry from 1130 to 1140, 
and when the adoption of surnames be- 
came prevalent throughout England took 
the name of his office. It would be an 
extravagant exaggeration to assert that 
all the English Porters and their Ameri- 
can descendants are the progeny of Wil- 
liam de la Grande, but beyond any doubt 
the families of the name who have figured 
prominently in English life and afifairs for 
centuries, as well as several branches of 
the New England Porters trace an 
authentic lineage to this progenitor. 

The Massachusetts and Connecticut 
Porters have included many persons of 
note in the learned professions, and in 
civic and military life. By far the most 
distinguished member of the family in 
recent generations was the late Noah 
Porter, D. D., noted scholar and educator, 
the eleventh president of Yale University, 
son of Rev. Noah Porter, D. D., and 
brother of Miss Sarah Porter, the founder 
of the celebrated Porter School at Farm- 
ington, Connecticut. In the American 
Revolution, members of the Porter family 
of New England were zealous and active 
patriots. At the first fire of the British at 
Lexington a Porter fell, and the first 
name inscribed on the monumental tablet 
of the slain at Bunker Hill is that of a 
Porter. 

Rev. Noah Porter, above mentioned, 
was a lineal descendant of Robert Porter, 
founder of the family in America. 

(I) Robert Porter, immigrant ancestor 
and founder, was a native of England. 
The exact date of his coming to New 
England is not known. He was one of 
the first settlers of the ancient town of 
Farmington, Connecticut, and one of its 
eighty-four original proprietors, up to the 
time of his death playing a leading role 



13 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



in civic and religious affairs in the little 
community. He was one of the seven 
pillars of the church, but at a later date 
left it to settle in Mattatuck, now Water- 
bury, where he was granted a lot in 1684. 
His property extended from what is now 
West Main street to Grove street. He 
was one of the original proprietor inhabi- 
tants of Waterbury. Robert Porter died 
in Waterbury in 1689, and at the time of 
his death was the oldest man in the com- 
munity. He married Mary Scott, and 
among their children was Thomas, men- 
tioned below. 

(II) Thomas Porter, son of Robert and 
Mary (Scott) Porter, was born in 1650, 
in Farmington, Connecticut. He married 
Abigail Cowles, who was born in 1664, 
daughter of Samuel and Abigail (Stanley) 
Cowles, and granddaughter of John 
Cowles. 

(III) Robert (2) Porter, son of Thomas 
and Abigail (Cowles) Porter, was born 
in 1697. He married Sarah Smith, daugh- 
ter of Jonathan Smith. 

(IV) Deacon Noah Porter, son of Rob- 
ert (2) and Sarah (Smith) Porter, was 
born in 1733, and died in 1818. He was 
prominent in religious affairs, and was 
one of the foremost citizens of Farming- 
ton to the time of his death. He married 
Rachel Merill. 

(V) Rev. Noah (2) Porter, D. D., son 
of Deacon Noah (i) and Rachel (Merill) 
Porter, was born in Farmington, Connec- 
ticut, in 1781, and died there in 1866. He 
was graduated in the class of 1803 ^t Yale 
College, and carried off highest honors. 
After pursuing studies preparatory to 
entering the ministry, he was settled over 
the Congregational church in his native 
town, and remained at its head until his 
death, his pastorate covering a period of 
more than sixty years. In 1828 he re- 
ceived the degree of Doctor of Divinity 
from Dartmouth College. For nearly 



forty years from 1823 to 1862, he was a 
Fellow of Yale College, and during the 
greater part of that time served on its 
most important committees. He was one 
of the foremost divines in New England 
in the first half of the nineteenth century, 
and it was in his study at Farmington on 
the fifth of September, 1810, that the 
American Board of Commissioners for 
Foreign Missions was organized and held 
its first meeting. Noah Porter married 
Mehitable Meigs, daughter of Captain 
Giles and Anne (Green) Meigs, of Middle- 
town, Connecticut. The wife of Noah 
Porter was a descendant in the sixth gen- 
eration of Rev. Samuel Whiting and 
Elizabeth (St. John) Whiting. The lat- 
ter traced a distinguished lineage through 
twenty generations from King Henry I 
of France. They were the parents of 
Noah, mentioned below. 

(VI) Rev. Noah (3) Porter, D. D., son 
of Rev. Noah (2) and Mehitable (Meigs) 
Porter, was born in Farmington, Connec- 
ticut, December 14, 181 1. He received 
his early educational training under 
Simeon Hart, principal of the Farming- 
ton Academy, and for a short time 
studied under John H. Lathrop, who 
afterwards became chancellor of the Uni- 
versity of Wisconsin. He also studied 
under the direction of Elisha N. Sill. In 
1824, following a fashion common among 
the prominent New England families of 
the day, Noah Porter was received- into 
the family of an uncle. Dr. Humphrey, 
president of Amherst College, one of 
whose sons took the place of Noah Porter 
in the Porter family in Farmington. Here 
he studied under Ebenezer Snell, who 
afterwards became professor of Natural 
Philosophy at Amherst College. With 
the exception of one or two terms spent 
in the school in Middletown, Connecticut, 
Noah Porter received his elementary edu- 
cation and made his preparation for col- 



14 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



lege under some of the foremost educators 
of the day, who fostered in him an inher- 
ited love of learning and laid the founda- 
tions of his subsequent notable career as 
an educator. At the age of sixteen years 
he matriculated at Yale College, entering 
with the class of 1831, which possessed 
an unusual number of brilliant students. 
He took high rank as a scholar, winning 
the esteem of the faculty, and at the same 
time the confidence and friendship of his 
classmates, among whom he formed many 
warm attachments which proved lifelong. 
Following his graduation, Dr. Porter 
became rector of the Ancient Latin 
School in New Haven, which was founded 
in 1660, and is now known as the Hop- 
kins Grammar School. His ability as an 
instructor and especially his success in 
administering discipline in a school 
which was proverbially unruly, brought 
him considerable renown in educational 
circles in New Haven. In 1833 he was 
elected tutor in Yale College, and for two 
years served in the capacity of Greek 
instructor to the somewhat famous class 
of 1827. While tutoring he pursued the 
regular course in theology in the Yale 
Divinity School under Dr. Nathaniel W. 
Taylor, and in April, 1836, was ordained 
to the ministry. Shortly afterwards he 
was installed in the pastorate of the Con- 
gregational church in New Milford, Con- 
necticut, one of the largest in the State. 
During the seven years of his identity 
with this parish. Dr. Porter's fame spread 
gradually beyond the borders of the State, 
and he became recognized as one of the 
eminent divines of New England. It was 
while settled over this rural church that 
he began his writings, which were pub- 
lished extensively in the leading periodi- 
cals of the day and which attracted to him 
wide attention as an original and vigorous 
thinker on theological and philosophical 
subjects. 



In 1843, ^^- Porter was called to the 
pastorate of the South Congregational 
Church in Springfield, Massachusetts, 
where he remained until 1846. In the 
latter year he accepted the chair of mental 
and moral philosophy at Yale, and during 
the twenty-five years of his occupancy 
rose to a position of undisputed leadership 
in educational circles in America and to 
country-wide recognition as an author 
and writer on philosophy and meta- 
physics. When in 1871 Professor Wool- 
sey resigned as president of Yale, Dr. 
Porter was universally regarded as his 
natural successor, both because of his 
eminent reputation as a scholar and edu- 
cator, and because of his thorough 
acquaintance with all the traditions of the 
college and his sympathy with them.. His 
views on the subject of college education 
were set forth in his inaugural address 
and in his writings on American colleges. 
His administration was marked by a 
progressive conservatism, which while it 
forged forward in great strides along the 
paths of progress and advancement, pre- 
served a decent regard for the achieve- 
ments and associations of the past. Many 
important changes were made under his 
direction in the methods of instruction. 
Under his guidance the college prospered 
exceedingly, several costly buildings were 
erected, and the corps of instructors 
greatly enlarged. The Department of 
Philosophy and Arts was reconstructed to 
include instruction for graduate students. 
The different departments of the college 
were officially recognized by the corpora- 
tion, having "attained to the form of an 
university." These are only a few of the 
vital changes which took place under Dr. 
Porter. In 1886 he resigned his office, 
finding its duties too onerous for a man 
of his years, and was succeeded by Dr. 
Dwight. However, he retained his pro- 
fessorship of philosophy and maintained 



IS 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



his active interest in the university to the 
time of his death. 

Dr. Porter was a clear and virile 
thinker, and wielded a powerful, facile 
and apparently indefatigable pen. His 
writings cover the widest range, and a 
complete bibliography includes at least 
one hundred and seventy-five separate 
volumes, essays, reports and lectures. 
Some of his most notable works are "The 
Human Intellect," "Books and Reading," 
"Science and Sentiment," "Elements of 
Moral Science," "Life of Bishop Berke- 
ley," and "Kant's Ethics," a critical ex- 
position. His best known work, how- 
ever, is "The Human Intellect, with an 
Introduction Upon Psychology and the 
Human Soul" (1868), comprehending a 
general history of philosophy, and follow- 
ing in part the "common-sense" philos- 
ophy of the Scottish school, while accept- 
ing the Kantian doctrine of intuition and 
declaring the notion of design to be 
a priori. He also edited several successive 
editions of Webster's Dictionary from 
1847 until his death. His reputation as a 
philosopher and theologian was world- 
wide, while his knowledge of the classics, 
of New England history, and English 
etymology, was exceptionally deep. He 
published in 1840 a "Historical Discourse 
in Commemoration of the 200th Anniver- 
sary of the Settlement of Farmington ;" 
he was the author of the "Educational 
System of the Puritans and the Jesuits," 
published in 1851 ; a "Review of the 
Philosophy of Herbert Spencer;" and a 
"Review of Evangeline," published in 
1882. Dr. Porter was undoubtedly one of 
America's most scholarly metaphysicians. 
His labors as a lexicographer in connec- 
tion with the revision of the second and 
later editions of "Webster's Unabridged 
Dictionary of the English Language" 
were very arduous and brought him great 
honor and fame, as well as universal 



recognition of his scholarly attainments. 
The degree of Doctor of Divinity was 
conferred upon him by the University of 
the City of New York in 1858, and that of 
Doctor of Laws by the Western Reserve 
College in 1870, by Trinity College of 
Connecticut in 1871, and by the Univer- 
sity of Edinburgh in 1886, the year after 
that famous institution of learning cele- 
brated its tercentenary. 

There were few men better known or 
more deeply revered in the city of New 
Haven than Dr. Porter. He was a vital 
figure in the public life of the city for 
more than a quarter of a century through 
his efforts to secure cooperation between 
the University and the city. He was one 
of the pioneers in the New Haven City 
Missions, and identified himself through- 
out the entire period of his residence in 
the city with every movement designed to 
advance civic welfare. 

In 1836, Dr. Porter married Mary 
Taylor, of New Haven, daughter of Rev. 
Nathaniel W. Taylor, D. D. (see Taylor 
VI). On coming to New Haven in 1846, 
he took up his residence on Hillhouse 
avenue, where his wife passed away in 
1888, aged seventy-six years, and where 
he died four years later. Both are buried 
in the Taylor family lot in the Grove 
Street Cemetery, New Haven. Dr. and 
Mrs. Porter were the parents of four chil- 
dren : I. Martha Day, who resided in the 
old Porter homestead on Hillhouse 
avenue. New Haven ; her death occurred 
November 6, 1922. 2. Rebecca Taylor, 
deceased. 3. Nathaniel Taylor, deceased 
in early childhood. 4. Sarah, died just 
before reaching womanhood. 

Noah Porter, D. D., LL.D., died at his 
home in New Haven, Connecticut, at the 
venerable age of eighty years, to the close 
of his career a revered and vital figure in 
the life of the university and city. He 
left to his State a priceless legacy in his 



16 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



contribution to the literature of the world, 
and the effective work which he had done 
in the upbuilding of one of America's 
most famous educational institutions — 
Yale University. His name is graven 
indelibly on the annals of literature and 
education in America, and his influence is 
to be traced and clearly recognized in the 
careers of hundreds of men who sat under 
him at Yale. 

(The Taylor Line). 

Arms — Ermine on a chief dancette sable a ducal 
coronet or, between two escallops argent. 

Crest — A demi-lion rampant sable holding be- 
tween the paws a ducal coronet or. 

Motto — Optissima quaeqiie Deus dabit. (What- 
ever God gives is best). 

This surname is of the occupative class, 
and had its rise originally in the trade 
name "taylor," a cutter of cloth, or maker 
of garments. The Old French tailleur, a 
cutter, gave to Medieval English the 
forms tailor and taylor, the former of 
which survives and by a well established 
custom is now understood to be the trade 
name, and the latter of which with many 
variations became the surname. Ancient 
English rolls and registers abound with 
the name, and as a result Taylor is the 
fourth commonest patronymic in Eng- 
land, giving precedence only to Smith, 
Jones and Williams. The Hundred Rolls, 
1273, give the following variations: 
Taillar, Taillour, Taillur, Tailur, Taliur, 
Tayllour, Tailur, Talur, Talyur, Tayler, 
Taylur, and Taylour. The name is found 
among all classes in England. Numerous 
branches of the family are entitled to bear 
arms, and in former generations were 
extensive land owners. 

The New England Taylors comprise 
the progeny of several progenitors, and 
although not numerous have figured 
prominently in the history of several 
colonies and States for two and a half 
centuries. The Connecticut family of the 
Conn. 11 — 2 



name is composed largely of the descend- 
ants of John Taylor, of Windsor, and in 
successive generations has produced a 
superior stock which has left its mark 
upon professional, public and religious 
life in the State. The late Rev. Nathaniel 
W. Taylor, professor of theology at Yale 
College, and perhaps the foremost and 
most influential divine of his day in New 
England, was a lineal descendant in the 
six generation of John Taylor, founder of 
the family in America. 

(I) John Taylor, immigrant ancestor 
and progenitor, was born in England. He 
came to America with Rev. Ephraim 
Hewitt in 1639, and in the following year 
was among the pioneer settlers of Wind- 
sor, Connecticut. John Taylor was one 
of the ill-fated company that sailed from 
New Haven in the first ship built by the 
colony, called the "Phantom Ship," and 
was never heard of thereafter. He was 
survived by a widow and two sons ; the 
elder, James, went to Northampton, 
Massachusetts, and was the founder of a 
large family there. 

(II) Thomas Taylor, son of John Tay- 
lor, removed to Norwalk, Connecticut. 
His was one of the eight families which in 
the spring of 1685 made the first perma- 
nent settlement in Danbury. He was a 
prominent and useful citizen there all his 
life. Thomas Taylor died in Danbury, 
in January, 1735, at the venerable age of 
ninety-two years. He married, in Nor- 
walk, Rebecca Ketcham, daughter of 
Edward Ketcham, of Stratford. 

(III) Daniel Taylor, son of Thomas 
and Rebecca (Ketcham) Taylor, was born 
in 1676. The following record appears 
in a Connecticut journal at the time of 
his death, August 17, 1770, and is now 
preserved in the Yale College Library: 

On Lord's Day morning, 12th instant, departed 
this life Mr. Daniel Taylor of Danbury in Con- 
necticut, aged 94, wanting about two months. He 



17 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



was a respected farmer, and an unblemished char- 
acter, and much esteemed for integrity and piety. 
He was father to Captain Daniel Taylor of Dan- 
bury and the Rev. Nathaniel Taylor of New MU- 
ford. 



Daniel Taylor married (first) 
Benedict; (second) Starr. 



(IV) Rev. Nathaniel Taylor, son of 

Daniel and (Starr) Taylor, was 

born in Danbury, Connecticut. He was 
graduated from Yale with class of 1745, 
and shortly afterward began his prepara- 
tion for the ministry. On June 29, 1748, 
he was ordained pastor of the Congrega- 
tional church in New Milford, and filled 
this post until his death on December 9, 
1800, at the age of seventy-eight years. 
Rev. Nathaniel Taylor was one of the 
leading divines of his day in Connecticut. 
Portraits of himself and his wife, painted 
by the English artist Earl are in the pos- 
session of his descendants. One repre- 
sents him in the pulpit, holding in his 
hand his Bible, which he was never with- 
out when preaching. Some of his ser- 
mons have been preserved as originally 
written, in a perfectly formed yet minute 
hand on sheets of paper small enough to 
fit within the covers of his Bible. Rev. 
Nathaniel Taylor married (first) Tamar 
Boardman, daughter of Rev. Daniel 
Soardman, who died June 27, 1795, aged 
seventy-two years. He married (second) 
Zippora (Strong) Bennett, member of a 
prominent Long Island family. 

(V) Colonel Nathaniel (2) Taylor, son 
of Rev. Nathaniel (i) and Tamar (Board- 
man) Taylor, was born in New Milford, 
Connecticut, in 1753. He married (first) 
Anne Northrop, August 31, 1774. She 
was born April 14, 1751, and died April 
10, 1810, aged fifty-nine years. He mar- 
ried (second) Susanna Gunn, widow of 
Abner Gunn. He was the only son who 
was not educated at Yale, preferring to 
engage in business as an apothecary and 



druggist, which business he followed dur- 
ing the greater part of his life. He was 
often called Dr. Taylor, and was an hon- 
ored and respected figure in the life of 
New Milford. His granddaughter, wife 
of President Porter, of Yale, wrote of 
him: 

He died when I was too young to remember 
him, and not residing in the same place my knowl- 
edge of his life and character are limited. I only 
know that he was respected and loved, and was a 
kind and indulgent husband and father; and judg- 
ing from his letters found among my father's 
papers, he must have been a person of religious 
principle, if not a professing Christian. 

Large portraits of Colonel Nathaniel 
Taylor and his wife, painted by Earl, are 
in the possession of the family. 

(VI) Rev. Nathaniel Williams Taylor, 
D. D., son of Colonel Nathaniel (2) and 
Anne (Northrop) Taylor, was born in 
New Milford, Connecticut, June 23, 1786. 
After graduating from Yale College in the 
class of 1807, he lived for several years 
with Dr. Dwight, acting as his secretary 
and reading divinity under his directions. 
As pastor of the First Church of New 
Haven, 1812-22, he gained a great reputa- 
tion as a preacher, and actively favored 
revivals. Dr. Bacon described his ser- 
mons as "solid and massive, full of linked 
and twisted logic, yet giving out at every 
point sharp flashes of electric fire." From 
November, 1822, he was Dwight Pro- 
fessor of Didactic Theology at Yale 
College. He was the father and chief 
apostle of "the New Haven theology" 
which was the liberalism of his time and 
communion — a modified Calvinism, devel- 
oped from Edward, harmonizing the 
"exercise scheme" of Buxton, and insist- 
ing on the freedom of the will. These 
views as set forth in the "Christian Spec- 
tator," (1819-39), in his class lectures, and 
especially in an address to the clergy in 
1828, were strenuously opposed by Nen- 



18 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



net Tyler, Leonard Woods, and others. 
Despite these contraditions, Dr. Taylor 
was perhaps the leading and most influ- 
ential divine of New England in his day, 
though his modesty, which had delayed 
his entrance into the ministry, also pre- 
vented him from publishing. He received 
the degree of Doctor of Divinity from 
Union College in 1823. His works, edited 
in 1858-59, by his son-in-law, Dr. Noah 
Porter, include "Practical Sermons ;" 
"Lectures on the Moral Government of 
God," two volumes and "Essays and 
Lectures." A memorial by Drs. Bacon, 
Fisher and Dutton was printed in 1858, 
and Kingsley's "Yale College" (1878), 
contains a sketch of him by Professor 
B. N. Martin. 

Rev. Nathaniel W. Taylor married 
Rebecca Maria Hine. Their daughter, 
Mary Taylor, became the wife of Dr. 
Noah Porter, in 1836. (See Porter VI). 
Rev. Nathaniel W. Taylor died in New 
Haven, Connecticut, March 10, 1853. 

(The Whiting Line). 

Arms — Per saltire ermine and azure, in the 
fesse-point a leopard's head or, in chief three 
plates. 

Crest — A bear's head. 

There is no family in America to-day 
of Anglo-Saxon stock which traces a 
more notable or distinguished lineage 
than the Whitings. The family comprises 
the descendants of the Rev. Samuel 
Whiting, D. D., the famous Puritan 
divine, and his wife, Elizabeth (St. John) 
Whiting, only daughter of the Rt. Hon. 
Sir Oliver St. John, of Cayshoe, Knight, 
Devonshire, England. Elizabeth St. John 
was of the blood of kings, tracing descent 
in an illustrious line from Charlemagne, 
Alfred the Great of England, Henry I of 
France, and William the Conqueror; she 
was paternallv descended from Hugh de 
Port, who possessed fifty-five lordships 



in the County of Hants in the time of 
William the Conqueror, and was a kins- 
woman of Oliver Cromwell, John Hamp- 
den, of ship-money fame, Edmund Waller, 
the poet, and Colonel Edward Whalley, 
one of the regicide judges. 

Rev. Samuel Whiting presents to us 
one of the finest, most benignant and 
lovable figures in the early history of New 
England. He was an English gentleman 
of culture and assured position. Finding 
the religious persecution in the mother 
country odious, he left a home and posi- 
tion in every respect enviable, to seek 
freedom of conscience in the New World. 
The story of h-s ministry in Lynn, Massa- 
chusetts, exceptionally well preserved 
through public record and the journals of 
his contemporaries, proves him to have 
been one of the few of the early Puritan 
divines who came to America for freedom 
of worship, who did not ally themselves 
with the ecclesiastical tyranny which 
sprang up in the Bay Colony. He was 
an influence throughout his life for the 
broadening of Puritan beliefs, an advo- 
cate of tolerance in a day when tolerance 
was deemed a crime, and his career shed a 
stream of light and injected a bit of 
sweetness and joy into the grim religion 
whose principal devotees found diversion 
in holding up before the people pictures 
of eternal damnation. 

Rev. Samuel Whiting came of a family 
which was established in Linconshire, 
England, in the middle of the fourteenth 
century, and was prominent in life and 
affairs there up to the period of American 
emigration. The surname Whiting, with 
numerous variations, appears in English 
rolls and registers of as early date as 1085. 

(I) Rev. Samuel Whiting, the founder, 
was born on November 20, 1597, in the 
city of Boston, Lincolnshire, England, 
which had been the chief place of resi- 



19 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



dence of his family since the sixth year 
of the reign of Edward III (1333), and 
probably earlier. Early in April, 1636, 
accompanied by his wife and two chil- 
dren, he left England. They arrived in 
Boston, Massachusetts, May 26, 1636. In 
the following November, Mr. Whiting 
was established as minister of the church 
in Saugust, which was soon afterward 
called Lynn in his honor. In December, 
1636, he was admitted a freeman and soon 
after established his permanent residence 
opposite the meeting house in Shepard 
street. For forty-three years he minis- 
tered to the spiritual wants of Lynn, and 
throughout this period was the best be- 
loved figure in its life and affairs. We 
get some of our finest pictures of Rev. 
Samuel Whiting both as man and min- 
ister from the invaluable journal of one 
of his parishioners, Mr. Turner: The fol- 
lowing entry was made shortly after Mr. 
Whiting's death: 

Decemr ye 12 : Yester even died ye dear & 
reverend Mr. Whiting. He hath laboured among 
us this fortie yeare and upwards, and mch beloved 
both here and abroad. Hjs godlie temper was seen 
in ye sweet smile yt he alwaies wore. Hjs learn- 
ing was great. In ye Hebrewe jt hath been said 
none on this side of ye water could come up to 
him. He greatlie labored for ye children, and for 
manie yeares would haue as manie as he could 
come to hjs house on everie Lord his day after ye 
publique worship was over, and be catechized and 
instructed by him in Bible truths. And on week 
dales he also instructed ye children, such as would, 
in Latin and other learning of ye schooles. He 
was not fond of disputations and wotdie wran- 
glings about doctrine, but laid down hjs poynts 
plainlie and then firmlie defended them by ye 
Scriptures, not taking ye time, as ye manner of 
some is, to tell how others look upon ye same and 
then to tell how false was ye eye with wch they 
looked. He writ some things yt come out in 
print, and all testified to their being sound in doc- 
trine, liberal in sentiment, and plain and practicall. 

Mr. Whiting was of a quiet temper and not mch 
given to extasies, but yet he would sometimes take 
a merrie part in pleasant companie. Once coming 
among a gay partie of young people he kist all ye 



maides and said yt he felt all ye better for it 
And I think they too felt all ye better for it, for 
they did hug their armes around hjs neck and kiss 
him back again right warmlie; they all soe loved 
him. 

He was a man of middle size, dark skin and 
straight fine hair. Hjs hands were white and soft, 
mch like some fine ladys. In preaching he did not 
mch exercise his bodie. But hjs clear voice and 
pleasant way were as potent to hold fast ye thought 
of old and young. He had great care in his dress 
while preaching, saying yt his hearers should not 
be made to haue their eyes upon an unseemlie ob- 
ject, lest ye good instruction might be swallowed 
up in disgust. And for a reason like unto yt he 
would also have his discources in mild and win- 
ning wordes. In generall ye sermon would be an 
hoour and a half long and ye long praier another 
half houre, wch wyt ye reading of ye scriptures 
and ye singing would made ye whole above two 
hours ; ye hour-glass upon ye pulpitt tellint ye 
time. 

Ye towne was called Lin in compliment to Mr. 
Whiting, who came here from Lin in old Norfolki.. 

Dr. Mather, in his "Magnalia," first 
published in 1702, pays tribute to Mr. 
Whiting, as follows: 

And he (Mr. Whiting was no less a man of 
temper than a learning : the peculiar sweetness and 
goodness of his temper must be deemed an essen- 
tial stroke in his character : he was wonderfully 
happy in his meek, his composed, his peacable dis- 
position : and his meekness of wisdom outshone all 
his other attainments in learning; for there is no 
humane literature so hardly attained as the dis- 
cretion of man to regulate his anger. His very 
countenance had an amiable smile continually 
sweetening of it; and his face herein was but the 
true image of his mind, which, like the upper 
regions, was marvellously free from the storms 
of passions. 

William Whiting, one of his lineal de- 
scendants, president of the New England 
Historic-Genealogical Society, in his 
"Memoir of Rev. Samuel Whiting, D. D., 
and of his wife, Elizabeth St. John," 
closes his masterly work with the follow- 
ing tribute: 

A man of God, and an honorable man, 

Of whom both Englands may with reason boast 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Elizabeth (St. John) Whiting, to whom 
Rev. Samuel Whiting was married in 
Boston, England, August 6, 1629, was 
born in Cayshoe, Bedfordshire, England, 
the daughter of the Rt. Hon. Sir Oliver 
St. John, Knight, A. D., 1605. Remark- 
able for her beauty, her dignity and her 
commanding presence, Elizabeth St. John 
received in her youth an education which 
in those days was rare among women. 
Brought up in affluence, with all the refine- 
ments of cultured society, she was the fit 
companion of scholars and statesmen, to 
many of whom she was connected by ties 
of relationship. Even in her old age she 
did not lose her youthful fondness for the 
great poets of England — Chaucer, Spen- 
cer, and Shakespeare, and others of lesser 
fame — with whose works her husband's 
library in Lynn was stored. Discussion 
was not wanting in this branch of the St. 
John family, whereby to educate a high- 
spirited woman. The mother of Eliza- 
beth was the daughter of a learned and 
eminent Doctor of Divinity of Bedford- 
shire, whose sympathies were in favor of 
moderate reform. Her uncle was a no 
less thorough radical than Cromwell him- 
self. On the mind of a lady whose house 
could claim the same ancestry was that of 
the Tudors, and embraced in its genea- 
logical tree, not only ten of the sover- 
eigns of Europe, but many of the most 
renowned nobility of ancient England, it 
would have been excusable if the influence 
of family pride and of historical associa- 
tions had been strong in favor of the royal 
cause ; but in the heart of a woman who 
had the power of comprehending the 
principles of religious truth and political 
science, of a high-born lady, who had the 
good sense to recognize the trifling value 
of worldly distinctions when compared 
with the higher nobility stamped by God 
himself upon every truly Christian soul, 
the grandeur of the Puritan faith, the 



earnest, passionate cry for religious liberty 
with which its heroic apostles willingly 
gave up the comforts, advantages, and 
honors of their native land, and plunged 
bravely into a storm of troubles, "for 
conscience sake," — the touching eloquence 
with which they plead for an honest gov- 
ernment and a tolerant Church, perhaps, 
also, a feeling of sympathy with the per- 
secuted but courageous clergymen, whose 
chivalric spirit she knew full well, com- 
bined to overmaster her ancestral pride, 
to quench her ambition, and to break the 
charm of her English home. Her alle- 
giance may have been divided, but her 
heart went with the Puritans. 

In "The New England Historical and 
Genealogical Register," vol. xiv., p. 61, it 
is stated that Elizabeth St. John was a 
sixth cousin to King Henry VII. Through 
the Beauchamps she descended from the 
Earls of Warren and Surrey from the 
Earls of Warwick, from William the 
Conqueror, and from King Henry I of 
France. Indeed, her pedigree is traced 
to William the Conqueror in two distinct 
lines ; and in her were united the lineage 
of ten of the sovereigns of Europe — a con- 
fluence of noble blood not often witnessed. 
And yet she appears to have passed her 
days here at Lynn, undisturbed by am- 
bitious yearnings, cleaving lovingly to 
her worthy husband, and sedulously per- 
forming the duties of a laborious pastor's 
wife. Surely, here is an example of 
humility for some of the worldlings who 
now traverse our streets, swelling with 
pride if they can trace their lineage to an 
ancestor, who bore, however ignobly, 
some small title, or who happened to 
possess however unworthily, a few more 
acres or a few more dollars than the multi- 
tude around them. 

William Whiting concludes his remarks 
upon his worthy ancestress as follows : 



I 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Beautiful in person, and of cultivated mind, 
heroic but gentle, respected and "beloved by all as 
she were a tender mother," fearless of personal 
danger but of sensitive delicacy towards others too 
high-spirited to submit to the dictation of British 
prelates but too sincere a believer in the Prince of 
Peace to provoke or endure controversy which 
could be honorably avoided, this noble woman gave 
her heart to her "godly husband" and her life to 
aid him in the ministry of the Gospel. To that 
work she brought a clear head, a strong hand, a 
Christian soul. By her disinterested devotion to 
the welfare of others, she was justly entitled to 
the reverence of posterity, and was worthy of be- 
ing one of the founders of a free commonwealth. 
No lady ever came to these colonies, of higher 
lineage, of more elegant culture, or of more lovely 
and Christian character. For the royal and noble 
blood which flowed in her veins, for the good for- 
tune which surrounded her with the attractions of 
aristocratic luxury, and gave the advantage of 
liberal culture, she has no especial claim to honor ; 
but for that serious and religious disposition which 
led her to improve these advantages, to store her 
mind with learning, and to give her thoughts to 
subjects far above the ordinary pursuits or the 
frivolous pleasures of youth, and for that moral 
heroism which led her, the only daughter of an 
illustrious family, at the age of twenty-four years, 
to turn away from her ancestral halls that she 
might share the fortunes of a God-serving Puritan 
minister of the gospel, whose contest with ' the 
bishops had already begun, when she chose to face 
the grim uncertainties of the future, and to cast 
her lot with his, — we cannot withhold from her 
the just tribute of our respect and admiration. 

(II) Rev. Samuel (2) Whiting, son of 
Rev. Samuel (i) and Elizabeth (St. John) 
Whiting, was born in Shirbeck, England, 
March 25, 1633; he studied with his 
father in Lynn, and was graduated from 
Cambridge in 1653, taking the degree of 
Master of Arts in 1656. He was ordained 
minister of Billerica, November 11, 1663. 
The same year he was admitted a freeman 
in the Massachusetts Colony. He went 
to Billerica in 1658, and was employed as 
preacher there until his ordination on the 
date named above. Here he remained 
almost fifty years after 1663, and was 
esteemed, as Dr. Cotton Mather says, "a 



reverend, holy, and faithful minister of 
the gospel." He preached the Artillery 
Election sermon in 1682. Mr. Whiting 
died February 28, 1713, at the age of 
almost eighty years. On November 12, 
1656, he married Dorcas Chester, of 
Charlestown, Massachusetts. They were 
the parents of ten" children, among whom 
was Elizabeth, mentioned below. 

(Ill) Elizabeth Whiting, daughter of 
Rev. Samuel (2) and Dorcas (Chester) 
Whiting, was born October 6, 1660. In 
1702, she married Rev. Thomas Clark, of 
Chelmsford. Among their descendants 
were Rev. Dr. Porter, president of Yale 
College ; George B. Butler, Esq., coun- 
sellor-at-law, of New York, and Charles 
E. Butler, Esq., of New York, law partner 
of William M. Evarts. 

(The SL John Line). 

Arms — 'Argent, on a chief gules two mullets or. 

Crest — On a mount vert a falcon rising or, 
belled of the last, ducally gorged gules. 

Supporters — Two monkeys proper. 

Motto — Data fata secutus. (Following his pre- 
scribed fate). 

This famous English family, one of the 
oldest and most distinguished in the 
kingdom, descends paternally from Hugh 
de Port, who held fifty-five lordships in 
County Hants in the time of William the 
Conqueror. Hugh de Port's vast estates 
are tabulated in the Domesday Book, 
under the article of terra Hugonis de 
Port, which is the more singular as he 
was evidently a native Englishman since 
he held at least two manors, Cerdeford 
and Eschetune, in Hants, from his ances- 
tors before the Norman invasion. Hugh 
de Port was survived by a son Henry, 
who was the father of John de Port, 
whose son, Adam de Port, was a powerful 
feudal baron seated at Basing in Hants. 
Adam de Port married Mabel, the daugh- 
ter and sole heiress of Reginald de Aure- 
val, by Muriel, the only daughter and heir- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ess of Roger St. John. William de Port, 
the eldest son of Adam de Port, the repre- 
sentative of so many great families, one of 
which was allied to the Norman kings, 
assumed the surname of his maternal 
grandmother, viz., St. John, writing him- 
self Willielmus de Sancto Johanne, filius 
ethaeres Adoe de Port. The St. Johns 
were inferior to no family in descent or 
power. William de Saint John accom- 
panied King William when he came to 
seize the crown of Harold, and then en- 
joyed the very honorable place of grand 
master of the cavalry, for which reason he 
took for his cognizance the horse hames 
or collars. His name appears on the roll 
of Battle Abbey with others that attended 
their sovereign at the battle of Hastings, 
which decided the fate of the kingdom 
and placed the crown of the English king 
upon the head of the Norman duke. The 
Ports, or St. Johns, kept up their posi- 
tion, continuing to increase their riches 
and greatness by the noblest alliances, 
and became relations of the royal house 
of Tudor, through the marriage of Sir 
Oliver St. John with Margaret De Beau- 
champ, daughter of the Duke of Somerset 
and great-granddaughter of John of 
Gaunt. 

At the time of Colonial emigration, the 
St. John family occupied a position of 
prominence and influence in English af- 
fairs. Sir Oliver St. John, brother of 
Elizabeth (St. John) Whiting, was Chief 
Justice of England during the Common- 
wealth, and argued the famous ship- 
money case against King Charles. 

The surname St. John is derived from 
St. John in Normandy, the seat of Wil- 
liam de St. John, founder of the family 
in England. The St. John pedigree here 
attached covers twenty generations, from 
the progenitor to Elizabeth (St. John) 
Whiting, ancestress of the Whitings of 
America : 



(I) William De St. John, the founder, 
was one of the Barons who accompanied 
William the Conqueror to England. He 
held the honorable post of Grand Master 
of the Artillery of the invading army. He 
married Olivia de Fiegiers. 

(II) John De St. John, Lord of Stan- 
ton. 

(III) Roger De St. John married 
Cicely de Haya. 

(IV) Muriel De St. John married Regi- 
nald de Aureval. 

(V) Mabel De Aureval, daughter of 
Reginald De Aureval and Muriel De St. 
John, married Adam de Port, Baron of 
Basing, in the County of Southampton. 
He was a son of John de Port, and grand- 
son of Henry de Port. The latter was a 
son of Hugh de Port, a Baron in the time 
of William the Conqueror, and owner of 
fifty-five lordships in the County of South- 
ampton. 

(VI) William De Port assumed the 
surname of St. John, and was Baron St. 
John of Basing. He married Godchild 
Paganal. 

(VII) Robert De St. John was second 
Baron of Basing, 38, Henry III. He mar- 
ried the daughter and heiress of William 
de Cantilupe. 

(VIII) William St. John, of Faumont, 
County Glamorgan, married Isabel Cob- 
martin. 

(IX) Sir John St. John, Knt. 

(X) Sir John St. John, Knt., married 
Elizabeth Humfreville, coheiress to the 
lordship of Penmark. 

(XI) Sir Oliver St. John, Knt., lord of 
Penmark. 

(XII) Sir John St. John, Knt., lord of 
Penmark. 

(XIII) Sir Oliver St. John, Knt., of 
Bletsoe, County Bedford, married Mar- 
garet, daughter of John De Beauchamp, 
of Bletsoe, and sister and heir of John De 
Beauchamp, of Bletsoe, heir male and rep- 



23 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



resentative of Roger De Beauchamp, who 
was summoned to Parliament as Lord De 
Beauchamp, 1363 to 1379. Margaret (De 
Beauchamp) St. John married (second) in 
1440, John Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, 
and was the mother of Margaret, Coun- 
tess of Richmond, mother of Henry VII. 

(XIV) Sir John De St. John married 
AHce, daughter of Sir Thomas Brads- 
haigh, of Haigh, County Lancaster ; she 
descended in the fourteenth generation 
from Sir John Bradshaigh. 

(XV) Sir John De St. John, K. B., of 
Bletsoe, married Sibyl, daughter of Mor- 
gan ap Jenkins ap Philip. 

(XVI) Sir John St. John married Mar- 
garet, daughter of Sir William Walde- 
grave, K. B., of Smallbridge, Suffolk. 
Margaret Waldegrave traced a most dis- 
tinguished ancestry. She was a lineal 
descendant of Warine de Waldegrave, 
Reginald de Wentworth, Lord Badles- 
mere, Guy de Croun, Harold de Vaux, the 
Lords of Tibetot, Lords of Ros, William 
the Lion of Scotland, King Henry I, the 
Empress Matilda, King Henry II, King 
John, King Henry III, King Edward I, 
the Earls of Gloucester, and Hugh, Earl 
of Winchester. 

(XVII) Oliver St. John was elevated 
to the peerage, January 13, 1558-59, by the 
title of Lord St. John, of Bletsoe. The 
designation of the barony has been 
spelled variously Bletsho, Bletshoe, Blet- 
soe, and Bletso, in which latter form it 
now appears on the Roll of the Lords. 
Oliver St. John was one of the peers who 
sat in judgment upon Thomas, Duke of 
Norfolk, in the reign of Queen Elizabeth. 
He died sometime before May 23, 1582. 
He married (first) before January, 1548- 
1549, Agnes, daughter of John Fisher, and 
granddaughter and heir of Sir Michael 
Fisher, Knight. 

(XVIII) Rt. Hon. Thomas St. John, 
son of Oliver, ist Lord St. John, was the 



grandfather of Elizabeth (St. John) 
Whiting. 

(XIX) Rt. Hon. Sir Oliver St. John, of 
Cayshoe, Bedfordshire, married Sarah 
Bulkley, of Odell, Bedfordshire. She was 
a sister of Rev. Edward Bulkley, D. D., 
of Odell, and aunt of Rev. Peter Bulkley, 
the first minister of Concord, Massachu- 
setts. The Bulkleys were of honorable 
and noble descent. Sarah Bulkley was 
of the ninth generation from Robert Bulk- 
ley, one of the English barons, who, in 
the reign of King John, was lord of the 
manor of Bulkley, in the County Palatine 
of Chester. 

(XX) Elizabeth St. John, daughter of 
the Rt. Hon. Sir Oliver and Sarah (Bulk- 
ley) St. John, was born in Cayshoe, Bed- 
fordshire, England, in 1605. She became 
the wife of Rev. Samuel Whiting, A. M., 
and accompanied him to New England, 
where she died in Lynn, Massachusetts, 
in 1677. 

(The Warren Line). 

Arms — Gules, a lion rampant argent, a chief 
compony counter-compony or and azure. 

Crest — A demi-eagle displayed cheeky argent and 
azure. 

Motto — Virtus mihi scutum. (Virtue is to me a 
shield). 

The history of the Warren family is 
exceeded in interest and antiquity by that 
of no ancient English house. The sur- 
name Warren is of Norman-French 
origin, and is derived from Gareme or Gar- 
renne. There is at present a village called 
Garenne in the same district, and it is 
here that the origin of the family has 
been fixed by historians. The ancient 
baronial seat of the de Warrenes stood on 
the west side of the river Garenne, and as 
late as the year 1832 some of the ruins 
were standing. The surname has as- 
sumed different forms from time to time. 
It first appears in England with William 
de Warrenne, a Norman nobleman, who 
came to England with William the Con- 



24 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



queror, to whom he was related both by 
marriage and common ancestry. An 
ancient genealogy of the family traces the 
lineage of this William de Warrenne back 
to the year 900 A. D., when his Scandin- 
avian ancestors are said to have settled in 
Normandy. Scandinavian origin of the 
Norman family is acceded by eminent 
genealogists, and is embodied in the pedi- 
gree of the English house as drawn up 
by W. Flower, Norroy King of Arms; 
and R. Glover, Somerset Herald, of Eng- 
land, in 1580. 

The following account of the early fam- 
ily is taken from the work of the late Rev. 
Dr. Israel Perkins Warren, of Portland, 
Maine : 

The family of Warren has been traced by Eng- 
lish writers to a Norman baron of Danish extrac- 
tion. The Normans and Danes were united in 
their efforts to make a settlement in the northern 
part of France and ultimately succeeded in obtain- 
ing a footing in that part of the country from 
which the Normans took the name of Normandy. 
One of these barons became connected by marriage 
with considerable families, as is related in the fol- 
lowing account of an English author: "The Dan- 
ish knight had Gunnora, Herfastus, Wevia, Werina, 
Duvelina, and Sainfra. Of these, Gunnora mar- 
ried Richard, Duke of Normandy, who had Rich- 
ard, the father also of Richard, who dying without 
issue was succeeded in the dukedom by his brother 
Robert, the father of William the Conqueror; who 
by Maud, daughter of Baldwin, Earl of Flanders, 
had Robert, Duke of Normandy ; Richard, Duke 
of Bernay, in Normandy; William, King of Eng- 
land; Henry, King of England; and several 
daughters, one of whom, Gundred, was married to 
William, the first Earl of Warren and Surrey. 
Werina, according to a large pedigree drawn up 
and signed by W. Flower, Norroy and R. Glover, 
Somerset Herald, in 1580, married Asmundde Com- 
mitiis villa. * * * Gundred, wife of William, 
first Earl of Warren and Surrey, in England, was 
a descendant of Charlemagne, and the fourth 
daughter of William the Conqueror and his wife 
Maud, daughter of Baldwin, Earl of Flanders. 
We may therefore believe that William de War- 
renne was one of the principal and confidential 
auxiliaries of William, from whom he had received 
the title of Earl before coming to England. He 



took an important part in the battle of Hastings, 
A. D. 1066, and in payment for his services, which 
were evidently highly estimated by the Conqueror, 
received immense land grants. He is mentioned in 
the Domesday Book as possessing lands in almost 
every county in England, comprising in all, accord- 
ing to Hume, three hundred lordships. He had 
lands in Shropshire, Essex, Suffolk, Oxford, Hants, 
Cambridgeshire, Bucks, Huntingdon, Bedfordshire, 
Norfolk, Lincoln, and York. He selected his resi- 
dence in the village of Lewes, County Surrey, and 
there erected his beautiful castle, the ruins of 
which are still to be seen standing on an eminence 
surrounding the town. Although the principal 
parts are demolished, its gates are still standing, 
showing the massive construction. William, Earl 
of Warren and Surrey, and his wife Gundred 
erected the priory in the town of Lewes, and he 
continued his benefactions to it during his life. 
Gundred died on May 27, 1085, and was buried in 
the chapter house of the Priory of l^wes. County 
Surrey. Her tombstone is still in existence. Wil- 
liam died June 24, 1088. His epitaph is still in 
existence, although the gravestone is lost or de- 
stroyed. In 1845 the coffers containing the bones 
of the earl and countess were disinterred and are 
now in the church of St. John the Baptist, South- 
over. 

Between William, first Earl of Warren 
and Surrey, and Richard Warren, of the 
"Mayflower," the American progenitor, 
seventeen generations elapse. Between 
William, first Earl of Warren and Surrey, 
and Elizabeth (St. John) Whiting, ances- 
tress of the New England Whitings 
herein under consideration, nineteen gen- 
erations elapse. 

(The Warren Pedigree). 

Showing the alliances with Gundred, 
daughter of William the Conqueror, and 
Isabel, member of the noble French 
house of de Vermandois. 

(!) The progenitor, a Danish knight, was 
among those who succeeded in obtaining 
a footing in Normandy, and became allied 
through marriage with some of the fore- 
most families of noble lineage in Europe. 
He was the father of: i. Gunnora (see 
Pedigree A, II). 2. Herfastus, men- 



25 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tioned below. 3. Wevia. 4. Werina. 5. 
Duvelina. 6. Sainfra. 

(II) Herfastus, son of the progenitor. 

(III) A daughter who married Walter 
de Saint Martin. 

(IV) William De Warren, Earl of 
Warren in Normandy, married a daugh- 
ter of Ralph de Torta. 

(V) William (2) De Warren, son of 
William (i) De Warren, married Gun- 
dred, daughter of William the Conqueror, 
and became the first Earl of Warren and 
Surrey in England. 

(VI) William (3) De Warren, son of 
William (2) De Warren and Gundred, 
daughter of the Conqueror, succeeded his 
father in his title and lands, and became 
the second Earl of Warren and Surrey. 
He married Isabel, daughter of the fifth 
Earl of Vermandois, in France. (See 
Pedigree B, VIII). 

(VII) Roger, Earl of Warwick, mar- 
ried Gundred. 

(VIII) Walerian, Earl of Warwick, 
married Alice de Harcourt. 

(IX) Alice De Newburg, daughter of 
Walerian, Earl of Warwick, married Wil- 
liam, Baron of Hanslop. 

(X) Isabel Mauduit, their daughter, 
married William De Beauchamp, descend- 
ant in the seventh generation of Hugh De 
Beauchamp, founder of the family. She 
was the common ancestress of King 
Henry VII, of England, and Elizabeth 
(St. John) Whiting, who were sixth 
cousins. 

(XI) Walter De Beauchamp, son of 
William De Beauchamp and Isabel Mau- 
duit, married and had Roger De Beau- 
champ. 

(XII) Roger De Beauchamp. 

(XIII) Roger (2) De Beauchamp. 

(XIV) John De Beauchamp. 

(XV) Margaret De Beauchamp, daugh- 
ter of John De Beauchamp, married (first) 
Sir Oliver St. John, son of Sir John St. 



John, Lord of Penmark, and they were 
the parents of Sir John De St. John, men- 
tioned below. She married (second) 
John, Duke of Somerset; their daughter. 
Lady Margaret Beaufort, became the wife 
of Edmund, Earl of Richmond, and the 
mother of King Henry VII, of England. 
(XVI) Sir John De St. John, son of Sir 
Oliver St. John and Margaret De Beau- 
champ, is No. 14 of the St. John Pedigree. 
(See St. John). 

(Pedigree A). 

(I) A Danish Knight, founder of the 
line. 

(II) Gunnora, his daughter, became the 
wife of Richard, Duke of Normandy. 

(III) Richard, Duke of Normandy, son 
and heir of Richard, Duke of Normandy, 
and Gunnora, his wife, was the father of 
Richard, Duke of Normandy, who dying 
without issue was succeeded in the duke- 
dom by his brother, Robert. 

(IV) Robert, Duke of Normandy, son 
of Richard, Duke of Normandy, surnamed 
Robert the Devil. 

(V) William, Duke of Normandy, and 
King of England, surnamed the Con- 
queror, was born in 1027 or 1028, the son 
of Robert, Duke of Normandy; he mar- 
ried Maud, daughter of Baldwin V, Earl of 
Flanders. (See Pedigree C, XVI). Their 
children were: i. Robert. 2. Richard, 
Duke of Bernay, in Normandy. 3. Wil- 
liam, King of England, surnamed Wil- 
liam Rufus. 4. Henry, King of England. 
5. Cecelia. 6. Alice. 7. Constance. 8. 
Agatha. 9. Gundred, mentioned below. 

(VI) Gundred, daughter of William 
the Conqueror, and Maud (or Matilda), 
his wife, was married in France, to Wil- 
liam, first Earl of Warren and Surrey, 
who accompanied the Conqueror to Eng- 
land, and was the recipient of bounteous 
favors at his hands. (See Warren Pedi- 
gree V). 



2b 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(Pedigree B). 

(I) Robert Fortis, or Robert the 
Strong, Count of Anjou and Orleans. 

(II) Robert I, 865-923, King of France 
or King of the Franks, was the younger 
son of Robert the Strong. 

(III) Hugh the Great, Duke of the 
Franks, and Count of Paris, died in 956, 
was the son of King Robert I, of France, 
and was one of the founders of the Cape- 
tian house, and its power in France. 

(IV) Hugh Capet, 938-996, King of 
France and founder of the Capetian dyn- 
asty, was the eldest son of Hugh the 
Great, by his wife Hadwig. He married 
Adelaide, daughter of William III, Duke 
of Aquitaine. 

(V) Robert II, King of France, was a 
son of Hugh Capet, King of France. 

(VI) Henry, K'ng of France. 

(VII) Hugh, Earl of Vermandois, son 
of Henry, King of France, and brother of 
Philip, King of France. He was Fifth 
Earl of Vermandois, by right of his wife 
Adela, who was the daughter and heiress 
of Herbert, fourth Earl of Vermandois. 
The house of Vermandois is one of the 
most ancient and famous of the early 
French noble houses, and is descended in 
direct male line from the Emperor Charle- 
magne ; Hugh the Great, Earl of Verman- 
dois, was one of the leaders of the first 
crusade, and died at Tarsus in Cicilia, in 
1 102. 

(VIII) Isabel, daughter of Hugh the 
Great and Adela, daughter of the fourth 
Earl of Vermandois, was married to Wil- 
liam De Warren, second Earl of Warren 
and Surrey in England. Through this 
alliance, the Warrens were connected 
with the blood-royal of France. (See War- 
ren Pedigree VI). 

(Pedigree C). 

Descent of Gundred, daughter of Wil- 
liam the Conqueror, and wife of William, 



first Earl of Warren and Surrey, from the 
Emperor Charlemagne, most illustrious 
member of the Carolingian dynasty, 
which appears in history in the year 613, 
and gained the throne of France in 751, 
holding it for more than two hundred 
years, or until 987, when it was ousted 
by the Capetian dynasty. 

(I) Pepin I, who died in 640, was the 
founder of the line. He was mayor of the 
palace to the youthful Dagobert I, whom 
Clothaire II had placed over the kingdom 
of Austrasia. He returned from Aqui- 
taine, where he had sought refuge, when 
Dagobert became sole king in 629, at the 
latter's death (639), and governed Aus- 
trasia, in Sigebert's name, until his death 
in the following year. 

(II) Begga, daughter of Pepin I, mar- 
ried Adalgiselus, son of Arnulf, Bishop of 
Metz, and was the mother of Pepin II. 

(III) Pepin II, son of Adalgiselus and 
Begga, was for many decades almost the 
entire master of Gaul, extending widely 
the Frankish suzerainty. He was a great 
churchman, and did much to spread 
Christianity. He died December 16, 714. 

(IV) Charles Martel, 688-741, Frankish 
ruler, was a natural son of Pepin II, and 
one of the most famous figures in medie- 
val history; he died at Quierzy, October 
22, 741, shortly after having divided the 
Frankish kingdom between his two sons. 
He was a fearless and able leader, and 
under his rule vast strides were made in 
the system of government, and Chris- 
tianity was spread to a greater extent 
than ever before. The deeds of conquest 
and bravery of Charles Martel and his 
grandson Charlemagne are immortalized 
in the Chansons de Geste, where, how- 
ever, the two are often confused, so strik- 
ing were the points of resemblance in 
their characters. To the elder of his two 
sons, Charles Martel gave Austrasia, Ale- 
mannia, and Thuringia, with suzerainty 



27 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



over Bavaria ; the younger, Pepin, re- 
ceived Neustria, Burgundy and Provence. 

(V) Pepin III, son of Charles Martel, 
surnamed the Short, died in 768. In 747 
the abdication of his brother Carloman 
left Pepin sole master of the Prankish 
kingdom, although he was not its king. 
In 751 he removed the feeble Childeric 
III from the throne to a monastery, and 
had himself crowned by St. Boniface, a 
ceremony new to France, which had 
hitherto elected its monarchs, and which 
gave him an immense prestige. His 
reign was marked by many important 
religious and civil events, and he headed 
many notable ecclesiastical reforms. Pepin 
died on September 24, 768, leaving two 
sons, Charles (Charlemagne) and Carlo- 
man. 

(VI) Charlemagne (Charles the Great), 
Roman Emperor, and King of the Franks, 
was the elder son of Pepin the Short, 
King of the Franks, and Bertha or Ber- 
trada, daughter of Charibert, Count of 
Laon. Some authorities give the date of 
his birth as April 2, 742. On the death of 
his brother Carloman, in December, 771, 
Charles was at once recognized as King 
of all the Franks. In 774, after conquer- 
ing Desiderius, King of the Lombards, he 
took to himself the title of King of the 
Lombards, to which he added the dignity 
of "Patrician of the Romans," which had 
been granted to his father. In 800, 
Charlemagne entered Rome for the stated 
purpose of restoring discipline in the 
church, in which strife was rampant. His 
interest in ecclesiastical affairs was con- 
tinuous. On Christmas Day, 800, he was 
crowned in St. Peter's by Pope Leo III, 
Emperor and Augustus, amid the accla- 
mations of the crowd. For several de- 
cades previous he had been the real ruler 
of Rome, however. His rule was well 
ordered and everywhere beneficial, and 
under it great progress was made in civil- 



ization. In 806 he made a division of his 
territories among his three legitimate 
sons, which however, was nullified by the 
death of Pepin in 810, and Charles in the 
following year. He then named the re- 
maining son Louis as his successor. On 
January 28, 814, he died, and on the same 
day his body was buried in the Church 
of St. Mary at Aix. 

He was a regular observer at religious 
rites, and a generous almsgiver. Charle- 
magne took a prominent part in the theo- 
logical controversies of the time, and was 
responsible for the addition of the clause 
filioque in the Nicene Creed. Innumer- 
able legends have grown up around 
Charlemagne, in which he is represented 
as a warrior performing superhuman 
feats, a ruler dispensing perfect justice 
and as a martyr to the cause of religion. 

(VII) Louis I, surnamed "The Pious," 
Roman Emperor, third son of the Em- 
peror Charlemagne and his wife Hilde- 
garde, was born at Chasseneuil, in Cen- 
tral France, in 778. He was prominent 
in ecclesiastical affairs, although an able 
military leader, and earned the title of 
"Pious" by his attempt to purify and 
reform monastic life, and by his great 
liberality to the church. In 819 he mar- 
ried Judith, daughter of Welf I, Count of 
Bavaria, who in 823 bore him a son 
Charles, afterward called "the Bald." He 
died June 20, 840. 

(VIII) Charles the Bald, Roman Em- 
peror and King of the West Franks, was 
the son of Louis I and Judith, and was 
born in 823. In 840 he married Ermun- 
trude, daughter of the Count of Orleans, 
and she died in 869. He was a prince of 
excellent education, and a friend of the 
church. Opinions differ widely as to his 
ability as a military leader and ruler. 

(IX) Judith, daughter of Charles the 
Bald, married Baldwin I, of Flanders, 
surname Bras-de-fer (Iron Arms). He 



28 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



was a brave and daring warrior under 
Charles the Bald, and on marrying Judith 
was made Margrave of Flanders by his 
father-in-law. Baldwin was the first of 
a line of strong rulers, who at some time 
early in the tenth century exchanged the 
title of margrave for that of count. He 
defended the west borderland of the 
Prankish dominion against the incursions 
of the Northmen. 

(X) Baldwin II, also surnamed the 
Bald, also maintained a strong defence 
against the Northmen from his strong- 
hold at Bruges. He strengthened the 
dynastic importance of his family by 
marrying Aelthryth, daughter of Alfred 
the Great, King of England. (See Pedi- 
gree D, XIV). 

(XI) Armulph the Great, son of Bald- 
win II, ruled jointly with his brother 
Adolphus for a short period, when he suc- 
ceeded to the entire inheritance. His 
reign was, like that of his father and 
grandfather, filled with warfare against 
the Northmen, and he took an active part 
in the struggles of Otto I against Hugh 
Capet. In his latter years he placed the 
government in the hands of his son Bald- 
win. He married Alisa, daughter of the 
Count of Vermandois. 

(XII) Baldwin III, son of Armulph the 
Great, had a short but exceedingly full 
reign. He did much for the commercial 
and industrial development of Flanders, 
and established the first Flemish weavers 
and fullers at Ghent, also instituting 
yearly fairs at Ypres, Bruges and other 
places. He died in 961, and on his death 
the old Count of Vermandois spent the 
remaining years of his life in securing the 
succession of his grandson, Armulph II. 

(XIII) Armulph II, surnamed the 
Younger, married Susanna, daughter of 
Berengarius II, King of Italy. He died 
in 989, and was succeeded by his son, 

(XIV) Baldwin IV, surnamed Bar- 



batus, or Bearded, fought successfully 
against the Capetian King of France, and 
Henry II, who was obliged to give him 
in fief Valenciennes, the burgraveship of 
Ghent, and the land of Waes and Zee- 
land. 

(XV) Baldwin V was a powerful 
prince, and greatly extended his powers 
by war and alliances, obtaining valuable 
territory from Henry IV. On the decease 
of Henry, he was appointed regent dur- 
ing the minority of Philip I. He married 
Adela, daughter of Robert II, of France, 
and granddaughter of Hugh Capet. (See 
Pedigree B, V). 

(XVI) Maud or Matilda, daughter of 
Baldwin V and Adela, daughter of Robert 
II, of France, married William the Con- 
queror, and with him shared the English 
throne until her death in 1083. 

(XVII) Gundred, daughter of William 
the Conqueror, and Maud of Flanders, his 
wife, became the wife of William De War- 
ren, first Earl of Warren and Surrey, in 
England. 

(Pedigree D). 

Descent of Gundred, wife of William 
De Warren, first Earl of Warren, from the 
ancient kings of Wessex, England, 
through Alfred the Great. 

(I) Cerdic, founder of the West Saxon 
kingdom, or Wessex, is described in 
ancient records as an "ealdorman" who in 
the year 495 landed with his son Cynric 
in Hamptonshire, England, where he was 
at once attacked by the Britons. In the 
year 508 he defeated the Britons with 
great slaughter, and again in 519, aided 
by fresh arrivals of the Saxons, gained 
another decisive victory and took the title 
of king. His last work was the Conquest 
of the Isle of Wight. All the sovereigns 
of England, with the exception of Canute, 
Hardicanute, the two Harolds and Wil- 
liam the Conqueror, are said to be de- 
scended from Cerdic. 



29 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(II) Cynric succeeded his father as 
King of Wessex, and defeated the Britons 
at Salisbury in 552, and again at Beran- 
burh, probably Barbury Hill, in 556. 
At his death in 560 he was succeeded by 
his son Ceawlin. 

(III) Ceawlin, King of the West 
Saxons, is first mentioned in the Anglo- 
Saxon Chronicle, under the date 556, as 
fighting with his father Cynric against 
the Britons, at Barbury Hill. On becom- 
ing king in 560, he began a career of con- 
quest, and extended his kingdom greatly. 
In 591 he suffered defeat and lost the 
northern part of his kingdom. In 592 he 
was driven from Wessex, and in the fol- 
lowing year killed, possibly in an attempt 
to regain it. 

(IV) Cuthwin. 

(V) Ceowald. 

(VI) Cenred. 

(VII) Ingild. 

(VIII) Eoppa. 

(IX) Eofa. 

(X) Ealhmund, King of Kent, is men- 
tioned in a charter dated 784. 

(XI) Ecgbert, son of Ealhmund, died 
in 839. He was King of the West Saxons, 
and succeeded to the throne in 802 after 
the death of Beorhtric. His reign was 
one of conquest and lasted thirty-seven 
years. He was succeeded on his death in 
839 by his son Athelwulf. Ecgbert spent 
many years of his youth at the court of 
the Emperor Charlemagne, where he re- 
ceived a thorough training in kingly 
offices. He married Raedburgh. 

(XII) Athelwulf, King of the West 
Saxons, succeeded his father Ecgbert in 
A. D. 839. His reign was chiefly occu- 
pied with struggles with the Danes. In 
855 he journeyed to Rome with Alfred, 
and on his return to Britain married 
Judith, daughter of Charles the Bald, 
Roman Emperor and King of the West 
Franks. His first wife was Osburga, 



daughter of Oslac, and she was the 
mother of Alfred the Great. Judith sub- 
sequently became the wife of Baldwin I, 
of Flanders. (See Pedigree C, IX). 
Athelwulf died in 858. He was noted for 
his piety, and donated much to the Roman 
See. His rare illuminated Gospels bound 
in ivory are among the wonders of his age. 

(XIII) Alfred the Great, King of Eng- 
land, and the greatest and most beloved 
figure in its early history, was born in the 
year 848, in Wantage, the fourth son of 
Athelwulf and his first wife Osburga. 
His entire reign was devoted to freeing 
England, first from the Danes, and later 
from the demoralizing effects of their 
savage onslaughts. He revived learning 
and education, which had fallen into 
decay under the Danes, and made several 
attempts to restore the church to its 
former place in England. He initiated 
many notable military reforms, and ac- 
complished the great task of civil reor- 
ganization. In the administration of jus- 
tice he was most careful, as is testified 
both by history and legend. He also 
earned the title of "protector of the poor," 
by his deeds of charity and benevolence. 
Many of his literary works and transla- 
tions still survive, and show him to have 
been a man of fine intellectuality. He was 
almost certainly the author of the Saxon 
Chronicle and the Saxon Martyrology. 
For the greatness of his achievements and 
the fineness of his life there is no other 
monarch in the whole line of English 
kings who equals Alfred, or is there an- 
other figure in history more truly deserv- 
ing of the epithet Great. In 868, Alfred 
married Aelhswith, daughter of Athelred 
Mucin, who is called Ealdorman of the 
Gaini, an unidentified district. 

(XIV) Aelthryth, daughter of Alfred 
the Great, married Baldwin II, of 
Flanders. (See Pedigree C, X). She 
died June 7, 929. 



30 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



BUCKINGHAM, William A., 

Civil War GoTermor of Connecticut. 

William Alfred Buckingham was born 
at Lebanon, New London county, Con- 
necticut, May 28, 1804, eldest son of Sam- 
uel Buckingham and Joanna Matson, of 
Lyme, Connecticut. His father was a 
prosperous farmer in Lebanon, and owned 
a shad fishery at the mouth of the Con- 
necticut river. 

Young Buckingham attended the local 
schools and Bacon Academy, Colchester, 
Connecticut. He taught in a district 
school for one winter, and worked on his 
father's farm three years, and at the age 
of eighteen took a clerkship in a store in 
Norwich, followed by a short service as 
clerk in New York, then returning and 
engaging in dry goods business on his 
own account. In 1830 he added the man- 
ufacture of ingrain carpets, and carried 
his business successfully through the 
great crisis of 1837. In 1848 with two or 
three associates he began the manufacture 
of rubber shoes and was connected with 
that industry the remainder of his life. 

His public career began in 1849, when 
he was elected mayor of Norwich, to 
which office he was reelected in 1850, 1856 
and 1857. He was a Republican presi- 
dential elector in 1856. In 1858 he was 
elected Governor, to which office he was 
chosen for eight consecutive terms, re- 
ceiving in the last a majority unprece- 
dented in the history of the State, and no 
one in Connecticut since Oliver Wolcott 
(1818-27) having held the office so long. 

At the outset of the Civil War, his lofty 
character and large credit was a potent 
aid toward the promptness of Connecti- 
cut in forwarding the first completely 
equipped regiment furnished by any State. 
The Legislature not being in session at 
the opening of the war, he pledged his pri- 



vate means at the banks to provide funds 
for the equipment of his troops, and the 
banks showed their patriotism and con- 
fidence in him by prompt and full re- 
sponse. The successive quotas of Con- 
necticut, under calls of the President for 
volunteers, were always more than filled, 
and her troops equipped with wonderful 
promptness. Directed by the "War Gov- 
ernor," as he was and is still called, fifty- 
three thousand sons of Connecticut went 
to the field — almost one-half of her able- 
bodied men fit to bear arms — and in a 
state of such complete preparedness as to 
elicit the repeated commendation of the 
national authorities. President Lincoln 
said of him : "We always like to see Gov- 
ernor Buckingham in Washington. He 
takes up no superfluous time. He knows 
exactly what he needs, and makes no un- 
reasonable demands." Such remarks were 
frequently emphasized by Secretary Stan- 
ton, of the War Department. The corre- 
spondence of Governor Buckingham with 
the President and Secretary further dem- 
onstrates the source of his influence 
through the aiTectionate respect in which 
they held him. In response to a letter 
sent him during one of the darkest periods 
of the war Secretary Stanton wrote : "In 
the midst of toil and care that wearies my 
spirit and exhausts my strength, such 
words of comfort revive and strengthen 
me greatly." During those fateful four 
years Governor Buckingham never for 
a moment wavered in his belief that the 
government must and would succeed. 

The war ended and the afifairs of Con- 
necticut with the general government 
well adjusted. Governor Buckingham de- 
clined further reelection. In 1868 he was 
elected to the United States Senate, and 
although never before in Congress, his 
record as "War Governor" insured at 
once a flattering recognition by his col- 



31 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



leagues, and a wide influence. He was 
made chairman of the committee on 
Indian affairs during a period when pub- 
lic attention was earnestly fixed upon the 
responsibilities of our government toward 
its wards, and threw himself with great 
intensity into the work. Those who 
would make the necessities of the Indian 
their own greedy opportunity found in 
him no friend. As a member of the com- 
mittee on commerce his extensive and 
practical experience gave weight and au- 
thority to his opinions. He was not an 
orator; but his speeches were marked by 
clearness, force and great earnestness. 

He was a corporate member of the 
American Board of Commissioners for 
Foreign Missions ; president of the Amer- 
ican Missionary Association, the Western 
College and Education Society, and mod- 
erator of the first national council of Con- 
gregational churches, at Boston, in 1865. 
He was a prominent member of the Sec- 
ond Congregational Church, and one of 
the founders of the Broadway Church of 
Norwich, in which he was an officer until 
his death. 

He was also one of the founders of 
the Norwich Free Academy and president 
of its board of trustees. He gave gener- 
ously to Yale College and a chair was 
named in his honor in the Divinity School 
of that institution. The secret of Gov- 
ernor Buckingham's influence lay in the 
wonderful balance of his powers, physi- 
cal, intellectual and moral. He was every- 
where and always the impersonation of 
courtesy. His power of reaching the core 
of a difficult question was almost intui- 
tive ; and his tact in dealing with men 
under trying circumstances was extraor- 
dinary. His love for children was very 
strong ; he would sometimes leave the 
writing of an important state paper to 
frolic in his library with an interrupting 



grandchild. The gentleness of his man- 
ner would have led a superficial observer 
to underrate his strength of character. It 
was in the fervid expression of his intens- 
est convictions that the full man was 
revealed. 

Governor Buckingham was married, at 
Norwich, September 27, 1830, to Eliza, 
daughter of Dr. Dwight and Eliza (Coit) 
Ripley, by whom he had two children : 
William, born October, 1836, and died in 
December, 1838; Eliza Coit, born Decem- 
ber 8, 1838. She married General Wil- 
liam A. Aiken, one of Governor Bucking- 
ham's staff during the Civil War, and 
who was the first to reach the seat of gov- 
ernment with dispatches from the North, 
when Washington was beset with ene- 
mies, and the approaches to the capital 
were obstructed. He delivered these dis- 
patches in person to President Lincoln. 
Mrs. Buckingham died April ig, 1868. 
The family life of Governor Buckingham 
was most attractive, the spirit of the 
household being one of cheerfulness, kind- 
ness and boundless hospitality. He died 
at his home in Norwich, Connecticut, 
February 5, 1857, a short time before his 
senatorial term was completed. The day 
of his funeral was observed throughout 
the State, and was of general mourning in 
the city of his residence. His hospitable 
home, which had included among its 
guests Lincoln, Grant, Garfield, and many 
other notable men, was thronged for 
hours by a ceaseless procession of the 
high and the lowly, to take a last look at 
the face they had loved and reverenced. 
Upon his monument in Yantic Cemetery 
in Norwich is this inscription : "William 
Alfred Buckingham, Governor of Connec- 
ticut (1858-1866), United States Senator 
(1869-1875). His courage was dauntless. 
His will inflexible. His devotion to duty 
supreme. His faith in God absolute." 



32 



■ 


n 


■ 


1 


j^^^^zW--' 


^^^^^^^^^B^ 

^^^^^^^B * 




1 


1 


^B 


>•"""■•** 


^ 


1 


^^^H^B^^^^^ ^'^' "^^^^iP>8^ 


^ 


■ 


1 




ij^^ ' ''^^■^1 


■ 


1 



'^f/e^u/ r/jcf/tfien^ 




c^ «? V ? .<^ 



^^ -0. 



■'g^'j^7^:^'Z'<^y'^.'. 




JJanning 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



BANNING, David, 



Man of Varied Activities. 

Anns — Argent, two bars sable, each charged with 
as many escallops or. 

Crest — On a mount vert, an ostrich argent, hold- 
ing in the mouth a key or. 

The Banning coat-of-arms without the 
supporters were granted to Pawle Bayn- 
inge, of London, in 1588, by Cooke, ac- 
cording to the publications of the Harle- 
ian Society, although there is doubt as to 
Cooke having filled the office of herald at 
that time. This latter point is immate- 
rial, as the arms are properly registered 
and recorded. 

The Banning chart, of which the author 
is not given, but who apparently did the 
work for Pierson W. Banning, of Los 
Angeles, California, gives John Banning 
as a brother of James and Richard Ban- 
ning and names him as of Talbot County, 
Maryland. He is a son of "John Doe" 
Banning (Stephen was grandfather of 
John Banning, of Talbot County, Mary- 
land). "John Doe" Banning was a son of 
Stephen Banning (of England in 1714). 
He was a son of Stephen Banning, who 
died in England in 1688. His wife, Mary 
Banning, was of England. He was a son 
of John Banning (received the degree of 
B. A. from Oxford in 1620) (Subsidiary 
Rolls, 1642). He was a son of John Ban- 
ning, of Burbage, England, in 1613. He 
was a son of John Banning of Burbage, 
England, in 1565. He was a son of Robert 
Banning, of Burbage, England, in 1539, 
who was named as an old man in 1565. 

The name Banning is one of greatest 
antiquity. It is of Danish origin, apply- 
ing in early times to a class called hero 
worshippers, and signifying a home or 
dwelling. Reference to it is found in the 
"Scot and Bard Songs," the earliest bal- 
lads on record, where it says "Becca ruled 
the Banning." This Becca was, no doubt, 
Conn. 11 — 3 33 



the hero or ruler of the Banning clan of 
Vikings. 

The distinctive Anglo-Saxon termina- 
tion "ing" has always marked the name, 
and in general it has suffered very slight 
changes throughout its many hundred 
years of existence and travel into differ- 
ent countries. Whatever changes have 
occurred are due to misspelling or to the 
natural accommodation to the languages. 
In Holland there appears Banningh, Ban- 
ningk, Bannick, and earlier, Benningh, 
Benningk, and Bennick. In Denmark 
many Bannings live to this day, no doubt 
descendants of the first Bannings known, 
and in England there are found Bayninge, 
Banninge, and Baninge. Germany shows 
Bonning, Banninger, Baninger, Behning, 
Benning, while in this country is Bran- 
ning, formerly De Branning, a French 
variety, and from Iceland come Bannon, 
Bannin, Branigan, and others of similar 
sound. 

It is supposed that about the fourth or 
fifth century some of the Bannings mi- 
grated from their native place, now known 
as Denmark, to what is at present called 
Holland, which was but a few miles dis- 
tant. Here they must have lived for 
nearly a thousand years before coming 
into prominence ; at least no trace of the 
name has been found in history until 
about 1386, w;hen Gerrit Banningh, a cloth 
merchant of Nienwendyk, who came from 
a hamlet named Banningh by the Stadt of 
De Venter, and finally located in Amster- 
dam, is mentioned as being the progenitor 
of the Banning families in Holland, who 
governed that country to a greater or less 
extent for nearly three hundred years. 
(De Vroedschatap Van Amsterdam, by 
Herr Elias, director of the State Archives 
of Amsterdam, Pub. by Vincent Loosjes, 
about 1895, in Haarlam, Holland, 2 vols.) 

Rembrandt's famous painting, the 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



"Night Watch," shows as the central 
figure Captain Franz Banning-Coq, who, 
although dying at an early age, made his 
power and influence felt in a most won- 
derful way. This picture is generally sup- 
posed to represent a rally of the gTiard at 
night from the guard house, which a name 
on the picture states, but in fact represents 
the members of a gun club as they are 
about to leave their old quarters just prior 
to moving into their new quarters on Sin- 
gel Street. This picture was painted in 
1642. The name was given it when the 
picture was discovered many years after 
it had been painted, in an old attic, and 
the real purport of the picture was un- 
known, but recent discoveries establish 
the above statement as to its meaning. 
At that time it was customary for prom- 
inent organizations to have paintings 
made of their members in groups. Franz 
Banning's mother was a Banning of the 
noble families, and married an apothecary 
named Coq, from Bremen, against the 
wishes of her parents. Their son Franz, 
of his own accord, prefixed his last name 
by his mother's name. Banning, making it 
a hyphenated name. 

From Holland, Franz Banning-Coq 
went to Basel, where he studied law. Re- 
turning to Amsterdam he soon became an 
alderman, then a magistrate, and in a 
short time burgomaster. The King of 
Frankreich raised him to the nobility. 
He built the building now used as the 
King's Palace, but which at that time was 
the City Hall or Governor's headquarters. 
He died at an early age, childless, in the 
midst of an already wonderful career. 

Another famous painting by Van der 
Heist, entitled "Celebrating the Peace of 
Munster, or Conclusion of the 30 Year 
War," which hangs alongside of the 
"Night Watch" in the Royal Museum at 
Amsterdam, has as its central figure Jacob 



Banning, the Standard Bearer, which pic- 
tures the members of a gun club gathered 
at a banquet to celebrate the Westphalian 
Peace in 1648. 

The Banning coat-of-arms may be seen 
on the ceiling of the throne room in the 
King's palace in Amsterdam to this day, 
as well as in church windows, on grave- 
stones, and in many other places. At 
some unknown date, probably about 1500, 
the Bannings went to England and settled 
at what is now called Banningham in 
Norfolk. At the present time no traces 
of the Bannings can be found there, but 
are clearly traceable to Midland and Lon- 
don, from which places the different 
branches now in existence seem to have 
come. 

The Bannings in England became prom- 
inent in military and social life during the 
sixteenth century, taking an active part 
in the Crusade to the Holy Land, for 
which a coat-of-arms was granted in Lon- 
don in 1588. Two Peerages also were 
created, both becoming^ extinct in the 
seventeenth century. The first Peerage 
was conferred on Sir Paul Bayning, Lord 
Mayor of London, who, in his Patent of 
Nobility, reverted to the original spelling 
Banning, and became Viscount Banning. 
His country seat was near Banningham, 
in Norfolk. 

One branch of the family in England 
is about extinct, there being but one male 
member now living, and it is thought his 
only son is dead. Another branch has for 
many years been of local importance, 
having for several generations held in the 
family the highly coveted ofiice of post- 
master of Liverpool, besides other posi- 
tions of importance in the governmental 
service. 

Sometime in the seventeenth century 
Bannings came, supposedly from Eng- 
land, Ireland, Scotland, and elsewhere, to 



34 



1233370 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



America. As to the places from which 
they came nothing is definitely known 
with one exception, but some of them are 
thought to have come from Midland or 
London. It seems almost certain that the 
first Bannings in America came from 
England, Ireland, Scotland, as the given 
names are English, or at least more com- 
mon in England than elsewhere, e. g., 
Edward, James, John, and Samuel. Some- 
time prior to 1678 an Edward Banning 
settled in Talbot County, Maryland, 
which was but a few years after Lord 
Baltimore was granted a charter for col- 
onization purposes by the King of Eng- 
land. About 1700 there is a record of a 
James Banning being in the same county 
that Edward Banning came to. About 
this same time two other Bannings are 
known of in or near Lyme, Connecticut, 
by name Samuel and John Banning. 
These last three, by tradition, are sup- 
posed to have been brothers, which, if a 
fact, makes it more than likely that they 
were sons of Edward Banning, of Talbot 
County, Maryland. Some forty odd years 
later a Benoni Banning settled in Talbot 
County, Maryland. He came from Dub- 
lin, Ireland, to which place his father is 
thought to have come from Scotland or 
England, but about 1790 John Banning, 
who was born August 15, 1760, in Staf- 
ford, England, came to Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania. His son Daniel lived in 
Pittsburgh or Philadelphia, but of his 
descendants nothing is known. There is 
in Los Angeles County, California, and in 
Pennsylvania, a town named Banning, 
and in California a military camp by that 
name. 

Some years after James Banning, and 
about the time Benoni Banning was 
known of in Maryland, there appeared 
Bannings in Delaware. It is not unlikely 
that they may have come from those in 



Maryland, as these two states are geo- 
graphically one, but if they did not, it is 
possible that they migrated from Holland, 
where there were so many Bannings. 
From the names of some of their descend- 
ants, it is contended that they are of Dutch 
origin, and as Delaware was early settled 
by the Dutch, this may be the case. From 
the Delaware Bannings there have come 
two branches, one a branch in California, 
and a branch now in Delaware and Phila- 
delphia, Pennsylvania. There is a strong 
likelihood that Phineas Banning was a 
brother of Benoni Banning, and his bro- 
ther, James Banning, who came to Talbot 
County, Maryland. 

This family was originally of Neyland 
in Suffolk. Richard Bannyng, or Bayn- 
ing, dwelt at Dedham about the end of the 
fifteenth century. His son, Richard, mar- 
ried Anne Raven, daughter and co-heir of 
Robert Raven, of Creting St. Mary's in 
Suffolk, and had Richard of Dedham, who 
married Anne Barker, daughter of John 
Barker, of Ipswich, by whom he had 
Paul (Andrew, a very eminent merchant 
in Mincing Lane, who died without issue 
December 21, 1610, aged sixty-seven. See 
under Powers in Little Waltham). 

Paul Bayning was a citizen and Alder- 
man of London, and one of the Sheriffs of 
that city in 1593. He accumulated a very 
great fortune by merchandising, so ad- 
vantageous was trade even in its infancy, 
that Sir Thomas Gresham, Sir Andrew 
Judde, Thomas Sutton, founder of the 
Charter-house, and our two brothers, Paul 
and Andrew, laid immense and incredible 
riches by. These two have a monument 
erected to their memory in the chancel 
of the Church of St. Olave, Hart Street, 
by which it appears that Paul died Sep- 
tember 3, 1616, aged seventy-seven. He 
had two wives. The first was a daughter 
of a Mowfe, of Needham, or Creting, in 



35 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Suffolk, by whom no issue is recorded. 
His second wife was Susan Norden, 
daughter and heir of Richard Norden, of 
Miftley (remarried after his decease to 
Sir Francis Leigh, Knight and Bart). He 
died October i, 1616, and was buried in 
St. Olave's Church, above mentioned, 
leaving his only son and heir, Sir Paul 
Bayning, Knight, then aged upwards of 
thirty. 

Sir Paul Bayning was created a Baronet 
November 25, 1612, constituted Sheriff of 
Essex in 161 7, advanced to the title of 
Baron Bayning, of Horksley, in Essex, 
February 27, 1627-28, and to the further 
dignity of Viscount Sudbury, in Suffolk, 
March 8, 1627-28. He married Anne 
Glemham, daughter of Sir Henry Glem- 
ham. Knight, by Anne (Sackville) Glem- 
ham, daughter of Thomas, Earl of Dor- 
set, by whom he had five children: i. 
Paul, his son and heir. 2. Cecily, married 
Henry Pierpont, Viscount Newalk, eldest 
son of Robert, Earl of Kingston. 3. Anne, 
married Henry Murray, Esq., one of the 
grooms of the bed-chamber to King 
Charles I, afterwards created, March 17, 
1673, Viscountess Banning, of Foxley. 4. 
Mary, married (first) William Villers, 
Viscount of Grandison, second to Chris- 
topher Villiers, Earl of Anglesea, third to 
Arthur Gorge, Esq. 5. Elizabeth, married 
Francis, Lord Dacre ; created, September 
6, 1680, Countess of Shepey. 

Sir Paul Bayning died at his house on 
Mark Lane, July 29, 1629, possessed of a 
very large real estate, as appears by the 
following particulars : 

The manor and almost the whole parish of Lit- 
tle Bentley: Dikeley hall, Stones, Sheddinghow, 
Old hall. New hall. Abbots, etc., in Maningtree, 
and parishes adjoining: The manor of Hamp- 
stalls, in Weeks: The manors of Great Horkes- 
ley, Boxsted, River-hall, etc. : The manor of Small- 
land-hall, alias Marshes, in Hatfield Peverell: 
The manor of Powers, and Shepcote, in Little 
Waltham: The manor of Great Lees with Lyon- 



hall, and other great estates there: in Woodham 
Ferrers, the manor of Champions, and estates 
called Burrs, Illgars, and Latchleys: The manor 
of Gingjoyberd-laundry, alias Blunts in Butsbury, 
and Stock: half the manor of Famham. And 
other estates and woods in Tendering, Thorpe, 
Roding-Beauchamp, Willingale Doe, Fifield. The 
rectories of Bradfield. And the advowsons of the 
Churches of Little Bentley, Great Lees, Stock, 
Mistley, Bradfield, in Suffolk. The manor and 
rectory appropriate of Laxfield : The manor of 
Rumborough : Divers lands, tenements, etc., in 
Laxfield aforesaid, Creting, Needham, Barking, 
Afpall, Thorndon, Thwaight, Houlton, Aldring- 
ham, Wiffet, Rumborough, Speckhall, Credeston, 
Westhall, Hallesworth, Leiston, Knoddishill, Thev- 
erton, Kellishall. In Hertfordshire : Tenements 
and lands at Huxworth, with the advowson of the 
church. Inquis. 6 Caroli, September 4, n° 158. He 
also had an immediate personal estate of £153 15s., 
viz. in debts £136,751 iss., and in ready money 
£17,000, without the jewels, plate, and household 
stuff. 

His widow was remarried to Dudley 
Carleton, Viscount Dorchester. His son 
and heir, Paul, Viscount Bayning, was 
born in 161 6, paid the king £18,000 for the 
fine of his wardship, and for charges about 
the same, £ 185. He died at Bentley Hall, 
June II, 1638, and was buried in a vault 
in this church. By his Lady Penelope, 
only daughter and heir of Sir Robert 
Naunton, Knight, Master of the Court of 
Wards and Liveries, and once Secretary 
of State (remarried afterwards to Philip, 
Earl of Pembrook) he had two daughters, 
Anne, and Penelope, born in November, 
after his decease. Anne, the eldest, was 
married to Aubrey de Vere, the twentieth 
and last Earl of Oxford, of that most 
noble and ancient family. Her large for- 
tune was a reasonable and necessary sup- 
ply and recruit to the estate of that fam- 
ily, which had been greatly impaired and 
almost ruined by the passionate extrav- 
agance of his ancestor, Edward, Earl of 
Oxford, in Queen Elizabeth's reign. But 
by this Lady, who died in September, 
1659, he had no surviving issue. Pene- 



36 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



lope, the youngest daughter, was married 
to John Herbert, Esq., youngest son of 
PhiHp, Earl of Pembrook and Montgom- 
ery ; remarried to John Wentworth, Esq. 
She died in 1657, without issue. 

This estate became the property of the 
Earl of Oxford and his Lady (Newcourt, 
Vol. II, p. 52). They caused to be pulled 
down the stately and magnificent seat of 
Bentley Hall, which had been erected by 
Paul Bayning, Esq., in the reign of King 
James I, and sold the materials, where- 
with many houses in Colchester and else- 
where are still adorned. 

Phineas Banning came from England 
and settled in Dover, Delaware, where his 
son, John Banning, was born in 1740, and 
there died February 15, 1791. John Ban- 
ning was a member of the Council of the 
State of Delaware from 1777 until his 
death ; treasurer of Kent County ; military 
treasurer; town commissioner; member 
of the Council of Safety, and member of 
the first Electorial College, casting Dela- 
ware's vote for George Washington as 
President of the United States. In the 
Revolution he was one of the foremost 
patriots, "Contributing liberally both in 
money and services to organizing and 
establishing the State government of Del- 
aware, and is said to have been considered 
the 'banker of the State.' When the Con- 
tinental Army was disbanded, and the 
soldiers had nothing but the depreciated 
script, it is said that he stood on the steps 
of the old Academy of Dover and gave 
them hard money for their notes, thus try- 
ing to redeem his nation's credit." He 
married, in 1766, Mrs. Elizabeth (Alford) 
Cassius, daughter of Philip and Charity 
Alford. She was a woman of great 
beauty ; "indeed," a gentleman of note 
said "she was the most beautiful woman 
he had ever seen in Europe or America. 
. . . Sarah Banning, her daughter by 



her second husband, who married Hon. 
Henry Moore Ridgely, was highly edu- 
cated and accomplished, and inherited 
much of her mother's beauty. When Mr. 
Ridgely was in the United States Senate 
they were spoken of as the handsomest 
couple in Washington society." Mrs. 
Banning married (third) Dr. William Mc- 
Kee, many persons and families of prom- 
inence being represented among their de- 
scendants. 

For examples of the sheer power of in- 
domitable wills, fierce courage, and un- 
conquerable persistence in the moulding 
of careers out of the untried resources of 
virgin fields we must turn to the Great 
West and Middle West. No other section 
of the country has given us such shining 
examples of work of strong men, true in 
coping with the almost overwhelming 
forces of nature and circumstance. The 
history of the Western Reserve is one of 
romance and achievement incomparable 
with that of any other part of the country. 
"Self-made, self-reliant, sturdy and rug- 
ged men have been its product, and it is to 
these men that the upbuilding and de- 
velopment of the West into the important 
factor in the world's work which it is to- 
day is due." To every man who has con- 
tributed a share toward the great task of 
bringing the West out of a vast wilder- 
ness, teeming with opportunity, yet offer- 
ing untold resistance before it was har- 
nessed to the uses of man, is due a deep 
gratitude and thankfulness, which can be 
no more adequately expressed than in 
preserving for later generations the story 
of his work and achievement. 

Since the opening of the Western Re- 
serve to settlers, the family of Banning 
has been prominent. The late David 
Banning, one of the prominent business 
men and financiers of the city of Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio, during the latter and mid- 



37 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



die decades of the nineteenth century, 
was a descendant in the third generation. 

(I) Samuel Banning, of Lyme, Con- 
necticut, in common with the traditions 
of other Bannings, is believed to have 
come from his native England to America 
about 1700, being one of the three broth- 
ers so often mentioned. He located in or 
near Lyme, Connecticut, upon his arrival 
in America, where, like John Banning, 
many of his descendants are to be found 
to this day, while not a few have scattered 
to New York State, Ohio, California, and 
elsewhere. Among the descendants of 
this line a considerable number of those 
of most brilliant attainments can be 
found ; this includes medical, musical and 
scholarly lines, and has established a high 
average among them. He moved from 
Lyme to East Hartland, Connecticut ; was 
killed by lightning; and is buried in East 
Hartland. Children: i. Elizabeth. 2. Sam- 
uel, of whom further. 3. Abner. 4. David. 

(II) Samuel (2) Banning, son of Sam- 
uel Banning, was born about 1710, in 
Lyme, Connecticut. He married two or 
three times, having in all ten children. 
He moved to East Hartland, Connecti- 
cut, about 1765, where he died on the farm 
of his son David, about 1800, being buried 
at East Hartland, Connecticut. Children: 
I. Samuel. 2. Abner, of whom further. 3. 
David. 4. Irene. 5. Daughter. 6. Daughter. 
7. Daughter. 8. Rhoda. 9. Rebecca. 10. 
Daughter. 

(III) Abner Banning, son of Samuel (2) 
Banning, was born about 1755, in East 
Hartland, Connecticut. He was in the i8th 
Regiment, Connecticut Militia, from Au- 
gust 18, 1776, to September 14, 1776, in 
Captain Hutchan's company. He married 
Annah Sparrow, of East Haddam, Con- 
necticut, in the First Church of Christ, 
April 2, 1777 (see Sparrow VI). She was 
born April 19, 1751, and lived in Connecti- 



cut. Children: i. Malinda. 2. Benjamin. 
3. Ashel, of whom further. 4. Morgan. 
5. Calvin. 6. Samuel. 

There were twenty families that left 
East Hartland, Connecticut, for Ohio ; 
they settled in Vernon and Hartford, 
Trumbull County, Ohio. 

(IV) Ashel (Arbel) Banning, son of 
Abner and Annah (Sparrow) Banning, 
was born June 22, 1780, in East Hartland, 
Connecticut. He married (first) Amelia 
Wilcox. This marriage took place soon 
after coming to Ohio, and they settled in 
Vernon. He married (second) Dency 
Crosby, born April 22, 1791, who died 
February 25, 1868, in Gustavus, Ohio. 
They lived in Vernon, Ohio. He died 
May 7, 1873, '" Gustavus, Ohio, the result 
of being struck on the head by a falling 
timber. The Crosby arms are as follows : 

Arms — Sable, a chevron ermine, between three 
rams passant argent. 

Crest — A ram as in the arms. 

Motto — Liberty under thy guidance, the guid- 
ance of the lamb of God. 

Children of the first wife : i. Abner Wil- 
cox. 2. Amelia. 3. Melinda. Children of 
second wife: 4. David, of whom further. 
5. Jeremiah W., deceased. 6. Timothy, de- 
ceased. 7. Mary A., deceased, who became 
the wife of Benjamin H. Peabody. 8. Con- 
verse. 9. Stoddard, of Geneva, Ohio, now 
deceased. 10. Malinda, married Newton 
Robens, and is now deceased. 

(V) David Banning, son of Ashel and 
Dency (Crosby) Banning, was born in 
Vernon, Ohio, April 1 1 , 1819. He spent his 
childhood in the healthy atmosphere of his 
father's large farm, and received his edu- 
cation in the local district schools. He 
was a boy of studious tastes, a constant 
reader, and constant searcher after knowl- 
edge, and these characteristics remained 
with him during his long life. After com- 
pleting the decidedly inadequate course 



38 




(^ti>$(i^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



which the public school offered, he con- 
tinued his education during his spare 
hours at home and at work. David Ban- 
ning secured his first employment in a 
general store in his native town operated 
by Stoddard Stevens, and here he acted 
in the capacity of clerk for a few years. 
Leaving the employ of Stoddard Stevens, 
he spent a period in the employ of the 
Federal Government. 

David Banning's connection with the 
city of Cincinnati, Ohio, dated from April 
1847, when the city gave but faint indica- 
tions of the splendid future which was 
before it, and the great proportions to 
which it would grow. He watched care- 
fully the steady growth of its great in- 
dustries and commercial enterprises, play- 
ing a quiet and effective part in the great 
work. His arrival in Cincinnati antedated 
the laying of the first railroad in that sec- 
tion of the State. Shortly after his com- 
ing to the city he entered on his first busi- 
ness venture, forming a partnership with 
his brother, Jeremiah W. Banning. The 
two embarked in a commission business, 
with their headquarters located on Wal- 
nut Street, between Front and Second 
streets. The business met with a high 
degree of success, and after a short period 
the partnership was dissolved, the two 
brothers henceforward conducting their 
operations separately. 

Mr. Banning immediately organized 
another business, which for a period of 
twenty-five years he continued to direct. 
From comparatively obscure beginnings, 
through the business talent and construc- 
tive policies of management of Mr. Ban- 
ning, the business grew to large propor- 
tions, and occupied a position of import- 
ance among the largest enterprises of its 
kind in the city of Cincinnati. He was 
eminently fitted for business life, and the 
handling of large affairs, by reason of his 



ability to judge clearly and quickly the 
relative merits of any proposition brought 
before him, his breadth of vision, and his 
persistence, once his decision to act had 
been taken. He was a business man of 
the self-made type, a man of broad toler- 
ance and human understanding, a leader 
who was instinctively obeyed. He invited 
and received the confidence of his em- 
ployees, many of whom he advised, and 
many of whom he aided toward inde- 
pendent business ventures. He easily 
inspired confidence and support, first 
through the marked and well known 
honesty of his dealings, and second 
through the success of all his under- 
takings. David Banning was known 
throughout the city of Cincinnati and the 
larger commercial cities of Ohio as a man 
of the strictest integrity. Although not 
connected actively or officially with the 
public life of the city of Cincinnati, Mr. 
Banning was, nevertheless, a factor of 
importance in the city's growth and de- 
velopment. He was looked to as one of 
its foremost citizens, and accorded a place 
as such. He was connected in executive 
capacities with many of the large finan- 
cial and commercial enterprises of the 
city, and was for thirty-two years a mem- 
ber of the board of directors of the Fourth 
National Bank of Cincinnati, his connec- 
tion with that institution dating from its 
founding, in which he took an active in- 
terest. 

Mr. Banning was a Republican in polit- 
ical affiliation, and kept well abreast of 
the times, though he took no active part 
in the political life of the city. He was 
active, however, in social and fraternal 
interests. The name of his friends was 
legion, and his death, which occurred in 
Cincinnati, March 8, 1901, was the cause 
of deep-felt and wide-spread grief. 

David Banning married, in Erie, Penn- 



39 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



sylvania, April 28, 1847, Asenath C. Brad- 
ley (see Bradley VIII), born June 16, 
1824, daughter of Dr. Moore Bird Brad- 
ley, of Waterford, Pennsylvania, one of 
the foremost physicians in the State. 
Mrs. Banning was a member of one of 
the old Colonial families of that region of 
the State of Pennsylvania; she died in 
Cincinnati, November 13, 1909. Children : 
I. Charles, deceased. 2. Blanche, de- 
ceased. 3. Kate, who resides in Cincin- 
nati. 4. Starr, deceased. 5. Harry, de- 
ceased. 6. William, twin of Harry, de- 
ceased. 

(The Bradley Line). 

Arms — Gules, a chevron argent between three 
boars' heads couped or. 

Bradley is a local name found largely in 
Yorkshire, Gloucestershire, Lincolnshire, 
Wiltshire, and Staffordshire. It is a 
local name signifying the Broad-lea, from 
the old English brad and leah. Bradley 
is the name of parishes and towns in 
Berkshire, Cheshire, Derbyshire, Lei- 
cestershire, Lincolnshire, Staffordshire, 
and Hampshire. The first mention in 
England of the name Bradley is in 1183 at 
the feast of St. Cuthbert in Lent, when the 
Lord Hugh, Bishop of Durham, caused to 
be described all the revenues of his Bish- 
opric. The survey of Hugh Pudsey, called 
Bolton Buke, mentions in Wolsingham, 
Roger de Bradley who held forty acres at 
Bradley. The family in England has been 
one of the first in importance for many 
centuries. In the visitation of Yorkshire, 
1563-64, there is mention of Isabel, daugh- 
ter of Sir Francis Bradley, who married 
Arthur Normanton, of Yorkshire. John 
Bradley was bishop of Shaftsbury in 1539. 
Alexander Bradley resided in the see of 
Durham in 1578, and about the same time 
Cuthbertus Bradley was curate of Bar- 
bardi Castle. 

In an account of the Pudsey family of 



Bolton, County York, is found the fol- 
lowing note: "John de Podeshay was 
killed on Joucros' Moor in 1279. Walter 
de Bradelegh of Carleton, in Craven, was 
present." 

Robert de Bradeleye was of County 
Cambridge in 1273. Brice de Bradeleghe 
was of County Somerset in 1273. Wil- 
liam de Bradelegh was of County Devon 
temp, Henry III. Wilhelmus Brodelegh, 
of Yorkshire, in 1379; Agnes Bradelay, of 
Yorkshire, in 1379; Richard de Bradleghe, 
of County Somerset, i Edward III ; Henry 
de Bradleye, County Somerset, i Edward 
III. 

In Ravenser, County York, in 1297, 
was William de Bradeley, while John de 
Bradeley was of Staynelay (Stainley), 
County York, at the same time. Emma 
de Bradley was of Thornton, as was 
Roger de Bradley. In 1344 Robert Brad- 
eley was living at Bolton, County York, 
England, where his name appears in the 
case of John de Pudesay against Richard 
de Shotelesworth. In 1394 John, Lord of 
Coven, granted his manor in Coven with 
all of his lands to John Bradley, of Penk- 
rich, and William de Hyde, of Brewood, 
for which they are to pay him a rose at 
midsummer. John Bradley was of 
Labrone or Harmbeye, County York, in 
1550: Thomas Bradley, of Wadyngton, 
County York, in 1555 ; and Richard Brad- 
ley and Ann, his wife, were of Bradford, 
County York, in 1569. 

The following wills are found in County 
York, England : Edmund Bradeley, No- 
vember 9, 1471 ; John de Bradeley, of Es- 
yngton, May 6, 1405 ; John Bradeley, of 
Gonthwate, parish of Penyston, August 
I, 1491 ; Horme Bradeley, rector of Raw- 
mersh, April 24, 1483 ; Thomas Bradlay, 
buried at Wodkirk, August 3, 1509; Wil- 
liam Bradlay, of York, December i, 1467; 
Patrick Bradley, of York, July 13, 1446; 



40 




^0raiJ>(eu 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Joan Bradley, widow of Patrick Bradley, 
January 22, 1465 ; Roger Bradley, of York, 
January 21, 1436. 

In the Harleian Society Publications, 
Volume XII, containing the "Visitation 
of County Warwick," England, pages 
354-55, are found the arms and pedigree 
of the family of Bradley, which has many 
grounds of probability of being that fam- 
ily from which the New Haven Bradleys 
are immediately descended. 

The pedigree is as follows : 

William Bradley, of Sheriff-Hutton, 
County York, England. 

William Bradley of the city of Coven- 
try, County Warwick, married Agnes 
Margate. Children: i. Francis, married 
Francesca Watkins. 2. Thomas, married 
Maria Cotes. 3. William, of whom further. 

William (2) Bradley, son of William 
and Agnes (Margate) Bradley, was born 
in Coventry, England. He married Jo- 
hanna Waddington. Children : i. Wil- 
liam, believed to be the American pro- 
genitor. 2. Anna. 3. Magdalen. 4. Eliza- 
beth. 5. Letticia. 6. An infant, born Sep- 
tember I, 1619. 

Pedigree of the Bradleys of Bradley, 
County Lancaster: 

John Bradley, born about 1465. of Brad- 
ley, County Lancaster. He married Cath- 
erine Caterall. Children: i. Thomas, of 
whom further. 2. Allan. 3. John. 

Thomas Bradley, of Bradley, was born 
about 1490. He married Grace Sherborne, 
daughter of Hugh Sherborne. Children : 
I. John, of whom further. 2. Hugh. 3. 
Thomas. 4. Anne. 5. Helene. 

John Bradley, born about 1520, was liv- 
ing in 1567. He had a son John, of whom 
further. 

John Bradley settled in Bryning, 
County Lancaster. He had a son John, 
of whom further. 

John Bradley, of Bryning, gent., mar- 



ried and had a son James, of whom fur- 
ther. 

James Bradley married Ellen Tildesley, 
and they had children: i. Edward, slain 
at the battle of Marston Moor. 2. Thomas. 
3. John. 4. Richard. 5. Jane. 6. Anne. 
7. Helen. 

Dugdale's Visitation of Yorkshire 
names the Bradleys of Ackworth. 

John Bradley, of the Bradleys of Berk- 
shire, was in King Henry VIII's army 
upon an English expedition to France. 
His sons were: i. Richard. 2. Henry, of 
whom further. 3. Abel. 

Henry Bradley, of Okehingham, County 
Berks, died in 1645. He married Bar- 
bara Lane. Children: i.John. 2. Thomas, 
of whom further. 

Thomas Bradley, chaplain to Charles I, 
was rector of Ackworth. He was born in 
1598. He matriculated at Exeter College, 
Oxford, in 1617; received his B. A., June 
21, 1620; and his D. D., December 20, 
1642. He was rector of Castleford in 
1630, and of Ackworth in 1643. A great 
Royalist, he was expelled from his livings 
during the period of the Commonwealth, 
but they were returned at the restoration. 
He married Frances, daughter of John, 
Lord Savile, of Pomfret. Children: i. 
Thomas, a merchant in Virginia. 2. 
Savile. 3. Frances. 4. Barbara. The 
Bradleys of Louth, Lincolnshire, trace to 
Robert Bradley, of Louth. 

The line continues through Thomas 
Bradley, of Louth, a merchant, who had 
the following children: i. Nicholas. 2. 
Thomas, of whom further. 

Thomas Bradley, of Louth, a merchant, 
was born in 1503. He married Alice Et- 
ton. They were the parents of a son, 
John, of whom further. 

John Bradley, of Louth, one of the 
assistants of that town, died in 1590. He 
married Frances Fairfax, and had the fol- 



41 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



lowing children: i. John, of whom fur- 
ther. 2. Thomas, of whom further. 3. 
Anne. 4. Elizabeth. 5. Mary. 

John Bradley, son of John and Frances 
(Fairfax) Bradley, an eminent physician 
and a graduate of Cambridge, married 
Anne Freeman. They were the parents 
of the following children : i. Henry. 2. 
Thomas, born in 1583. 3. Frances, born 
in 1585. 4. Matthew, born in 1588. 

Thomas Bradley, son of John and 
Frances (Fairfax) Bradley, of Louth, 
married Ann Chapman, sister and co-heir 
of Sir Peter Chapman, of London. They 
had the following children : i. John, born 
in 1576. 2. Anne. 3. Elizabeth, born in 1584. 
4. Audrey, born in 1590. 

There are several distinct branches of 
the Bradley family in the United States, 
the founders of which came from Eng- 
land. The first Bradleys in the American 
Colonies are said to have come from the 
market town of Bingley, in the West Rid- 
ing of Yorkshire. About the beginning 
of the seventeenth century William Brad- 
ley was born in B ingley. According to tra- 
dition handed down in different branches 
of the family, he was a friend of Crom- 
well, and the History of Bingley, Eng- 
land, states that he was a major in the 
Parliamentary Army, and removed to 
New Haven, Connecticut. William Brad- 
ley resided for a time in Branford and 
Guilford, later removing to New Haven, 
where he took up his residence in what is 
now North Haven and had large landed 
interests there. He was the first land- 
owner in the village. Founders of other 
branches of the Bradleys are : Francis 
Bradley, ancestor of the Fairfield family, 
and Daniel Bradley, founder of the Haver- 
hill, Massachusetts, Bradleys. 

Burke's Armory gives fifteen coats-of- 
arms for the name Bradley. The arms 
borne by the Connecticut Bradleys and 



the descendants of William and Francis 
Bradley are given above. The symbolic 
description of the arms is as follows : 
The shield is red — red in heraldry denotes 
boldness, daring blood and fire — "a burn- 
ing desire to spill blood for God and 
Country." Silver stands for purity, jus- 
tice and peace. The chevron represents 
the rafters of a roof and was often given 
to ambassadors and eminent statesmen 
as a reward for the protection (as under a 
roof) they gave their king and country. 
The boar symbolizes a well-armed, un- 
daunted and courageous warrior, who re- 
sists his enemies bravely and never thinks 
of flight, the same as the boar, who will 
fight to the bitter end. The Bradley arms 
are engraved on the silver tankard owned 
by the granddaughter of the first William 
Bradley, of New Haven. They are the 
same as the armorial bearings "Confirmed 
by the Deputies of Camden ... to 
Francis Bradley of Coventry, grandson of 
William Bradley, County York, 'Her, 
Visitation.' " 

(I) William Bradley, of New Haven, 
Connecticut, was born in England, about 
1620. He settled in New Haven, and 
married there, February 18, 1645, Alice 
Pritchard, daughter of Roger Pritchard, 
of Springfield, Massachusetts. He died in 
1690, and she in 1692. Children, with dates 
of baptism: i. Joseph, January 4, 1646. 
2. Isaac, 1647 (?). 3. Martha, October, 
1648. 4. Abraham, of whom further. 5. 
Mary, April 30, 1653. 6. Benjamin, April 
8, 1657. 7. Hester (or Esther), September 
29, 1659. 8. Nathaniel, February 26, 1660- 
61. 9. Sarah, June 21, 1665. 

(II) Abraham Bradley, son of William 
Bradley, was baptized October 24, 1650, 
and died October 19, 1718. He married, 
December 25, 1673, Hannah Thompson, 
born September 22, 1654, died at New 
Haven, October 26, 1718. Abraham Brad- 



42 




(H^fronvi? 



90X1 



more 




H^ir^ 



itrarjs 



ENLYCLOPKDJA UF BlUGKAl'llY 



and removed to New VorK :>tai<' » • 
married, November 7, 1751, Amy 'nionMi 
Sim (see Thompson V). Children: i. 
T\\:\rh\fn<!,, born June 8, 1752. i. Anop, 

10, 1754, died young. .^ James. 

irther. 4. Anne, born Novem- 

wiiin James Bradley, son of 

■Thompson) Bradley, was 

■■'■■. and died about i8i8, 

The first settlers 

Tr'!i,tM:M l' ,iinty, 
\ip- 



as a deacon in the First (now called 
I r) Church of New Haven, Connecti- 
t, and at one time Justice of the Feace. 
:s will was dated December 5. 1716, and 
d in the New Haven F': 
. iber 18, 1718. (Rei. 
<1;5, liber 4, page 546, » Ii 
■lowing clause : "As a tok 
o ye first church of Chri-;t 
i I give my silver cup, or t! 
■o be improved at ye Lof' 
after my decease." Childn 
. New Haven: i. John, of who;;i , 
"er. 2. Daniel, born in 1679, died ' 
■ r 2, 1723. 3. Hannah, bom Novcn; 
1682. 4- Lydia, born NovenOSe;^/.* HlT 

. .\braham, born April 9, 1693. 7. Esth<;r, 

• nn John Bradley, son of Deacon 
;m and Hannah (Thompson) Brad- 
is born in New Haven, Connecti- 
cui. k-tober 12, 1674. He marriedl^ftof^CIlVf?-^' "^^'"'''' "' ' ' 
trn ■ .r 22, 1698. Sarah Hc^^.,^^gi,t^fi,o|;,, 0;") P^^ 
-erHolt. Children: i- §5fi^q ^ii.fe^^^ 
further. 2. John, born September lo, '^y- was T)orn in 179c 
702. 3. Dorcas, born November 4, i:?5^[.[^ *'™^ °" ^*^ father's i;..r.i, he t. 
; Jason, born August 10, i7o8. 5. Jeb'iQlL " attention to the study of medicin 
'"'■'^'^^^ fe'lVia^mS, Ss'/Ji'S'fl.^'iftYafli' ]9r'"Pe1«?sMlarrf:"nil. . 
- . mber 28, 1714. •" Manlffi^fln^'On?^/' fifff^F' tfeiVt'" 

(IV) Enos' Bradley, son of John^aiyt.r-)^^*^''^^'''^' ^^'^ County, Penr. 
rah (Holt) Bradley, was born Decern- ^'*iere he attained leadinsr p- 
'^'i*"!^'??o'f,''l°i5li'= hW ?il"#^;i^"'F^f k'v^'e'tt,™ iflaee4?ni$<*^#if«' - bik'i{fert> 
mnecticut. He married, December ^ i^^" ^^ '■'-'^^ "^"^ "^ the o 



circr, 

of whom 



I 



;2i, Ellen Skidmore (See Skidmore HI). 

hildren: i. Sibyl, born November 8, 

722. 2. Griffin, born November 9, 1724: 

arried Mabel Thompson, sister of wif*- 

; Ariel. 3. Enos, born December jo, 17'Jt' 

Ariel, of whom further. 5. Fllen. !•■ '-r 

fmber 4, 1731. 6. Gamalie'. horn 

nary 19, 1734. 7. Oliver, born No- 

• .er I, 1736. 

.1 Ariel Bradley, son of Enos and 

-I (Skidmore) Bradley, was born m 

Haven, Connect-'-"' '< ■ • i' '—i<). 



first Protestant Ej) 
Waterford, Pennsyl'. 
first officers. J' 
children : i. Asi 
:i. I>arwin. 

VUV- ^^^'•■ • 



L-iurc three estotl* 
:;d the tun m hi« 



43 



THOMPSON. 

Anns — Or, on a fesse dancette azure tliree estoiles argent, on a canton of the 
second the sun in his splendour. 

Crest — A cubit arm erect vested gules curfed argent, holding in the hand five 
ears of wheat or. 

Motto — In luininc luccni. 

SKIDMORE. 
Anns- — (niles. three stirrups, leathers and buckles or. 
Crrst — A unicorn's head erased sable, platee. 

BIRD. 
Arms — .\rgent, on a chevron engrailed gules between three lions rampant 
sable as many fluers-de-lis or. 

VICARS. 

Anns — Sable, on a chief dancette or, two cinquefoils gules, a border engrailed 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ley was a deacon in the First (now called 
Center) Church of New Haven, Connecti- 
cut, and at one time Justice of the Peace. 
His will was dated December 5, 1716, and 
proved in the New Haven Probate Court, 
November 18, 1718. (Recorded Probate 
Records, liber 4, page 546.) It contained 
the following clause : "As a token of my 
love to ye first church of Christ in New 
Haven I give my silver cup, or the value 
of it, to be improved at ye Lord's table; 
yt is after my decease." Children, born 
at New Haven: i. John, of whom fur- 
ther. 2. Daniel, born in 1679, died No- 
vember 2, 1723. 3. Hannah, bom Novem- 
ber 8, 1682. 4. Lydia, born November 28, 
1685. 5. Ebenezer, born September 9, 1689. 
6. Abraham, born April 9, 1693. 7- Esther, 
born March 19, 1696. 

(III) John Bradley, son of Deacon 
Abraham and Hannah (Thompson) Brad- 
ley, was born in New Haven, Connecti- 
cut, October 12, 1674. He married, Sep- 
tember 22, 1698, Sarah Holt, daughter of 
Ebenezer Holt. Children: i. Enos, of 
whom further. 2. John, born September 10, 
1702. 3. Dorcas, born November 4, 1704. 
4. Jason, born August 10, 1708. 5. Jehiell, 
born September 19, 1710. 6. Phineas, born 
September 28, 1714. 

(IV) Enos Bradley, son of John and 
Sarah (Holt) Bradley, was born Decem- 
ber 28, 1701, and lived in New Haven, 
Connecticut. He married, December 2, 

1721, Ellen Skidmore (See Skidmore III). 
Children: i. Sibyl, born November 8, 

1722. 2. Griflin, born November 9, 1724; 
married Mabel Thompson, sister of wife 
of Ariel. 3. Enos, born December 20, 1726. 
4. Ariel, of whom further. 5. Ellen, born 
November 4, 1731. 6. Gamaliel, born 
February 19, 1734. 7. Oliver, born No- 
vember I, 1736. 

(V) Ariel Bradley, son of Enos and 
Ellen (Skidmore) Bradley, was born in 
New Haven, Connecticut, March 8, 1729, 



and removed to New York State. He 
married, November 7, 1751, Amy Thomp- 
son (see Thompson V). Children: i. 
Thaddeus, born June 8, 1752. 2. Anne, 
born June 10, 1754, died young. 3. James, 
of whom further. 4. Anne, born Novem- 
ber 9, 1763. 

(VI) Captain James Bradley, son of 
Ariel and Amy (Thompson) Bradley, was 
born June 17, 1756, and died about 1818, 
aged sixty-two years. The first settlers 
of Johnston Township, Trumbull County, 
Ohio, were a family named Bradley. Cap- 
tain James Bradley came from Salisbury, 
Connecticut, in 1802-03. The family 
stopped at Canfield, Johnston Township, 
for a short time, finally settling in the 
western part of the township. He mar- 
ried Asenath Bird (See Bird VI). Chil- 
dren: I. Thaddeus. 2. Dr. Moore Bird, 
of whom further. 3. Dr. Ariel, born in 
1793; married, in 1828, Laura Barstow. 

(VII) Dr. Moore Bird Bradley, son of 
Captain James and Asenath (Bird) Brad- 
ley, was born in 1790. After laboring for 
a time on his father's farm, he turned his 
attention to the study of medicine, study- 
ing under Dr. Peter Allan. He practiced 
in Mansfield, Ohio, later removing to 
Waterford, Erie County, Pennsylvania, 
where he attained leading professional 
place and where his death occurred. In 
1827 he was one of the organizers of the 
first Protestant Episcopal church of 
Waterford, Pennsylvania, and one of its 
first officers. He married and had two 
children: i. Asenath C, of whom further. 
2. Darwin. 

(VIII) Asenath C. Bradley, daughter 
of Dr. Moore Bird Bradley, married 
David Banning (see Banning V). 

(The Thompson Line). 

Arms — Or, on a fesse dancette azure three estoils 
argent, on a canton of the second the sun in his 
splendour. 



43 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Crest — A cubit arm erect, vested gules cuffed 
argent, holding in the hand five ears of wheat or. 
Motto — In lumine lucem. 

The family of Thompson in Kent spelled 
the name Thomson, and the change to 
the present form was made in America. 
Thomas Thompson, of Sandwich, County 
Kent, merchant, had a son, Thomas. 
Thomas Thompson, of Sandwich, married 
a daughter of a Mansfield. Arms were 
granted to him in 1600. He had children : 
Henry, Anne, and Thomas. 

Henry Thompson, named above, had 
sons, John, Anthony, and William. 
Thomas Thompson, named last in the 
paragraph above, also had sons, John, 
Anthony, and William. These names 
found together in the Thompson family 
of County Kent, and the fact that three 
brothers, William, Anthony, and John, 
came from England to America, make it 
seem highly probable that the Thompsons 
of America descended from the family of 
Thompson (or Thomson) of Kent, Eng- 
land. There has been much controversy 
on this matter, but extensive research has 
failed to settle the point, and almost all 
of those who have investigated the Thomp- 
son pedigree concede the probability of 
descent from the family of Kent. 

The name Thompson stands twenty- 
first in a roll of common surnames, being 
rarer than Edwards, but more common 
than White. Thomson or Thompson 
signifies a son of Thomas. Bardsley, in 
his surnames gives : Eborard fil Thome, 
County Cambridge, 1273 ; Abraham fil 
Thome, County Bedford, 20 Edward I, 
1291 ; Richard fil Thome, County York, 
1291 ; Petrus Thome, son, County York, 
1379; Johannes Thomasson, of County 
York, 1379. 

There are large families of Thompson 
in both Ireland and Scotland. Baron 
Haversham, created baron in 1696, was a 



descendant of Maurice Thompson, of 
Cheston, County Herts. This baronetcy 
became extinct in 1745. A Thompson was 
Lord Mayor of London in 1737, and 
another in 1828. Richard Thompson was 
treasurer of St. Patrick's Cathedral, Dub- 
lin, in 1582. Baron Sydenham, Governor- 
General of Canada, was a descendant of 
the Thompsons of County Surrey. 

(I) Anthony Thompson was born in 
England, and died in New Haven, Con- 
necticut, in September, 1648. Three 
brothers, Anthony, John, and William 
Thompson, left England with the party 
led by the Rev. John Davenport and The- 
ophilus Eaton in the "Hector" and arrived 
in Boston, Massachusetts, June 26, 1637. 
In April, 1638, they settled in the vicinity 
of what is now New Haven, Connecticut, 
on September i, 1640, when the settle- 
ment was called New Haven. Anthony 
Thompson, with a family of four persons, 
was one of the list of first settlers. He 
was a member of the band of soldiers 
organized to protect the settlers from the 
Indians. He mentions his family and 
brothers, John and William, in his will 
of 1647. He married (first) in England. 
He married (second) Catherine, who mar- 
ried (second) Nicholas Camp. Children 
of first marriage: i. John, of whom fur- 
ther. 2. Anthony, born December, 1634, 
died December 29, 1654. 3. Bridget, born 
in 1636, married the Rev. John Bowers. 
Children of second marriage : 4. Hannah, 
baptized June 8, 1654; married a Stanton. 
5. Lydia, baptized July 24, 1647 ! married 
Isaac Crittenden. 6. Ebenezer, baptized 
October 15, 1648; married Deborah 
Dudley. 

(II) John Thompson, son of Anthony 
Thompson, was born in England, in 1632, 
and died June 2, 1707. He was called 
"mariner" and is mentioned frequently in 
deeds, etc., owning land in New Haven. 



44 



ENC V. .. ^. . . .. .M A OF BIOGKAPi i Y 

.^^ Anne Vicars, A'lo.^i •. • -' ^727; unmarried in 17 j i 
icars.) Children: '.ed October 5, 1729; '"^ 

•, 1657; married Re ■•«ney. 5. Amy, of whom 

• . married, in 1688, C ah, born about 1735; ma- 

)h, born April 4. if; . , judson. 7. Rachel, bsivi 

September, 1667, died ^n i '7i7\ probably died y 

•el, of whom furthe- ■ niy Thomps"" 

I'luary 16, 1672; man . Tarriet s\ 

v.iiiiani, born January 1/, ' ■■ 

•TV, born May 16, 1675. .TOH^Iia-k 

111) Captain SamueLsTFtessrfpaaimtt jaMn?. bajrJoo i>ii-5'i 1; im .ami-tn.i — rv. i 
^iQjliModnltlfo^ine r(d'iffah;;i'i'iP.bfaTB;ir';gniJ^.3ia. .tnagiK Jftr.f9;< frM'r'tgi.A'— V/.v 
's born in New Haven, ConncctuuL 7;>in ^,i 

•.,y 12. 1669, and died March 26.Svt^aKf>l 

J!^ffe«fis^rfl1 S^feefb Cj<>j36fS6ifi"i9ii#fr33//lad rioivodo b no ,'jiiis/-.^^%MrU^ 
td in VVestville, Connecticut, for a tinx.-, .3U£,§ JsFa^oi:) 

!f)9W«»|? tfri'ftnbiitW6e,T«> Qmhm^;&^y^^ T)q,.4i3|«^3„b63ri; a'njoairiM '^rt^iv^^O. ., 
;ii. Re was made captain of a-i§Qini1ii,jj[-fo JsIq.Ef!-) p rtji/r fos.TO" h^^/\f^&yMlm!o-j 
soldie(^jooy9(I>rt^il««i,Ji&^-<Uiiii\WIjM< ) .«W*V/ 
• >5. Rebecca Bishop, daughter of Lieu- Vica^ 
Governor James and Eliz/qb©^ Jl«^ f'" ' 

^v Haven. December 10, .673. and died spotmiss, r^^^^^ ■^',^-, ,„^ 
-re April 5. 1734. Children: i. Samuel^, h0^i^5JVfiy^ ;ltr,;,h;:t /^UvO" " 
' -'pcember 2, 1696 ; married Esther ofhciai or somd 
2. Tames, of whom furth^3p|.j3-^'"d very earh 
,- ', ' ', \, 1702.; married Sarah vicars in ■.. ..'.ntv 

. I .1,1, borfl pecember .2^, 13/4 •^'T>rr tn..rrrea .i: 

17^4; married Lydia Punderson. 5. tPe- 7*)tfn5«yn W . » ^"' ^/iT^J^John \i 
becca. born February 2^, 1708; 'J^J.'ff^xiR'V'^'""'^ 1'^^' ■-. "'as rc^s<:^;5*'&t 
David Austin. 6. Judah, born June 'to. loVd C^'Hepe: -i; 1574 John Vicari:' 
171 1, died August I, 1712. 7. Judah, bof^^^i^Ww^g*^' t\m)m^rr->mk.]..^ 
October 5. 171^^^"^. tW !?gfn^'M*s^"''^ 11M^i»7*ffr..iS,1^ij'.3Uifan«??-' '■ 
18. 1717; married Sarah Hitchcock. _ bury; , . * ,4 Mr.vgaret \ . 
(IV) James Thompson, son of CapM^'^'^^'-''^- '!'.- :'; 
..mueI-^fill^^lteeiteffJ^1or»^Wji,*d.-i'''»M^-'n'> :2«8d-^t<'/|. .liWi.v/ - 

.^i? tl»)'H"^i'iWlr]^'-'S','''f6^r'aridI^3«^'^'B"'''^'*^:''''o J"fib« bninpa A— »v.Vj 
737. He lived in Westville. Covnu- •; !" ih' '■V.-sifariv.^ (v '-..igqrti.f 

Lit. His will was pro^e?f''Wf^e?f!l.<l^'|''-^'' 3*1*). Ai»Awtt*iV IwsoiibTr.a— o\\(.\( 
737. He married, Ma^ 3^, ' /i 1, • ' • '?■'• ' ■' 

\ ilmot, daughter of fl 
Heecher) Wihnot. < 

born February 16, 17 

Baldwin. 2. JaiU'-s. ', 

1725, died in 1818 it marrir 

45 



BISHOP. 

.-Irnis — Ermine, on a bend cotised sable, three bezants. 

Crest — A griffin sejant argent, resting the dexter claw on an escutcheon of 
the first. 

TOMPKINS. 

Anus — Azure, on a chevron between three moorcocks or close, three crosses 
crosslet sable. 

Crest — A unicorn's head erased per fesse argent and or, armed and maned 
counterchanged, gorged with a chaplet of laurel vert. 

Motto — Xc tiwgiiHin nisi boiittm. (Nothing is great unless it be good.) 

WILMOT. 
Arms — Argent, on a fesse gules between three eagles' heads erased sable, as 
many escallops of the field. 

Crest — A portcullis azure, chained or. 

BEECHER. 
Ariits—\'z\re argent and gules, on a canton iir a stag's head cabossed sable. 
Crest — A demi-lion erased argent, girded round the waist with a ducal 
coronet or. 

PRITCHARD. 

Arms — Ermine, a lion rampant sable. 

Crest — A de.xter arm proper holding a battle axe, handle gules. 

HOLT. 
,4rms — Azure, two bars or; in chief a cross formee htchee of the last. 
Crest — A squirrel sejant or, holding a hazel branch sli])ped and fructed. all 
proper. 

Motto — Exaltavit humiles. (He exalted the humble.) 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



He married Anne Vicars, August 4, 1656. 
(See Vicars.) Children: i. John, born 
May 12, 1657; married Rebecca Daniel. 

2. Anne, married, in 1688, Caleb Chidsey. 

3. Joseph, born April 4, 1664. 4. Child, 
born in September, 1667, died in infancy. 
5. Samuel, of whom further. 6. Sarah, 
born January 16, 1672 ; married John Mix. 
7. William, born January 17, 1674. 8. 
Mary, born May 16, 1675. 

(III) Captain Samuel Thompson, son 
of John and Anne (Vicars) Thompson, 
was born in New Haven, Connecticut, 
May 12, 1669, and died March 26, 1749, 
being- buried at Goshen, Connecticut. He 
lived in Westville, Connecticut, for a time, 
removing from there to Goshen, Connec- 
ticut. He was made captain of a company 
of soldiers. He married, November 14, 
1695, Rebecca Bishop, daughter of Lieu- 
tenant-Governor James and Elizabeth 
(Tompkins) Bishop. She was born in 
New Haven, December 10, 1673, and died 
there April 5, 1734. Children: i. Samuel, 
born December 2, 1696; married Esther 
Ailing. 2. James, of whom further. 3. 
Amos, born May 3, 1702; married Sarah 
Ailing. 4. Gideon, born December 25, 
1704; married Lydia Punderson. 5. Re- 
becca, born February 23, 1708; married 
David Austin. 6. Judah, born June 10, 
171 1, died August i, 1712. 7. Judah, born 
October 5, 1713. 8. Enos, born August 
18, 1717; married Sarah Hitchcock. 

(IV) James Thompson, son of Captain 
Samuel and Rebecca (Bishop) Thompson, 
was born January 5, 1699, and died in 
1737. He lived in Westville, Connecti- 
cut. His will was proved December 5, 
1737. He married. May 30, 1723, Harriet 
Wilmot, daughter of Benjamin and Mary 
(Beecher) Wilmot. Children: i. Mary, 
born February 16, 1724; married Jonah 
Baldwin. 2. James, born November 21, 
1725, died in 1818. 3. Hannah, born about 



1727; unmarried in 1754. 4. Mabel, bap- 
tized October 5, 1729 ; married Griffin 
Bradley. 5. Amy, of whom further. 6. 
Hezekiah, born about 1735 ; married Re- 
becca Judson. 7. Rachel, baptized Octo- 
ber 2, 1737; probably died young. 

(V) Amy Thompson, daughter of 
James and Harriet (Wilmot) Thompson, 
was baptized April 2, 1732. She married 
(Woodbridge Church Record), November 
7, 1751, Ariel Bradley (see Bradley V). 
In 1753 Ariel Bradley and his wife deeded 
land from the estate of "our father, James 
Thompson, deceased." 

(The Vicars Line). 

Arms — Sable, on a chief dancette or, two cin- 
quefoils gules, a border engrailed ermine. 

Vicary, Vicery, Vicarey, Vicars, Vicors, 
Vicaris, Vicaridge, Vickerage, Vickeridge 
are forms of one name and, with many 
others of the same origin but of various 
spellings, mean of the vicarage, or office 
of the vicar, or at the vicars. They are 
official or sometimes local names and are 
found very early in England. Peter atte 
Vicars in 1379 was of County York ; in 
1574 Stephen Vyccarye married Margaret 
Johnson in London; in 1585 John Vicary, 
of County Devon, was registered at Ox- 
ford College; in 1574 John Vicarish mar- 
ried Margery Gerard ; in 1665 John Hal- 
ton married Alice Vicaridge at Canter- 
bury; in 1614 Margaret Vicares married 
William Collins in London ; Joan Vic- 
caries married John Wells at London in 
1617. 

In the "Visitation of Worcester" in 
1634 were the families of Robert Vicaris, 
of Astley, and Robert Vickers, of Bewd- 
ley. Descendants of these families were 
found in Astley and Bewdley in 1682, 
when the second visitation of that county 
was made. John Vicaridge, of "Natton," 
married, in 1603, Mary Sheldon, daughter 



45 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of William Sheldon. They had a son, 
John, who was baptized in 1607. 

Richard Vicaredg, son of Francis Vicar- 
edg, was baptized in Over Ardey, County 
Worcester, July 30, 1653. Walter Vicaris, 
son of William Vicaris and Joyce, his 
wife, was baptized September 13, 1640, at 
Doddenham, County Worcester, England. 
Anne Vicaridge, daughter of Richard Vic- 
aridge and his wife, Anne, was baptized 
March 20, 1603, at Knightwick, County 
Worcester, England. Many others of the 
name are to be found in the parish regis- 
ters of County Worcester. There are also 
Hopkins and Wakeman families (the Vic- 
ars family intermarried with these fam- 
ilies) in County Worcester. 

Robert Vicaris married Anne Starry 
(they were both of Doddenham, County 
Worcester), June 29, 1678. In 1608 Rob- 
ert Vicaris was of Tibberton, County 
Worcester, and in 1613 Robert and Wil- 
liam Vicaris were taxed at Tibberton. On 
November 12, 1636, mention is found of 
Robert Vicaris, of Bewdley, Gentleman. 
(Bewdley was in the parish of Ribsford.) 
In 1607 Walter Vicaris was of Omberse- 
ley (near Bewdley) in County Worcester. 

Collateral Vicars families include the 
following: 

Edward Vickers, of Wakefield, York- 
shire, married Mary Rawson, daughter of 
Thomas Rawson, of Wardsend, near Shef- 
field, and had children : Thomas, John, 
William, and Anne. Thomas Vickers 
married Elizabeth Broadbent, daughter of 
Joseph Broadbent, of Aston, and had chil- 
dren: William, Sarah, Elizabeth, all liv- 
ing in the seventeenth century. Wil- 
liam Vickers, son of Edward Vickers, was 
of Southall Green, Ecclesfield, Yorkshire. 
He married Elizabeth Turbell, daughter 
of James Turbell, of Southall, and had 
children : John, Thomas, Edward, Eliza- 
beth and Mary. John Vickers, of Don- 



caster, attorney, was buried April 21, 1668. 
He married Mary Rasine, daughter of 
George Rasine, and had children : John, 
George, and Catherine. 

Thomas Vicars was of Scrawsby be- 
fore 1585. His daughter, Alice, married 
Thomas Bosville, of Warmsworth, Coun- 
ty York. Joane Vicars married George 
Metham, of Cadeby, County York, about 
1550. Mary Vicars, of Brodsworth, mar- 
ried George Holgate, of Stapleton, about 
1600. 

At Exeter in the twelfth year of Henry 
I (1228) Walter de Wynemaneston and 
his wife, Alice, remitted and quit-claimed 
a tract of land in County Devon to Rob- 
ert le Vicare and his heirs. The will of 
John Vicary is recorded in County Devon 
in 1547; that of Robert Vicary in County 
Devon in 1592; of William in 1596; of 
Roger in 1603 ; of John in 1608; of Emott 
in 1619 and Benedict in 1624. The arms 
of this family were granted in 1558. The 
principal seat of the Devon Vicars or 
Vicareys was at Dunkeswell, County 
Devon. They are of the same parent fam- 
ily as are the Vicars of County Worces- 
ter. 

William Vicaris (or Vicars), of Bewd- 
ley, England, is mentioned in the will of 
William Hopkins, in 1647. Walter Vicars 
is called "cousin" in his will. Walter Vic- 
ars may have come to America, but there 
is no record of him in the New Haven 
Colony. The son-in-law of William Hop- 
kins, John Wakeman, did come, however, 
and later on came "the cousin of his 
wife's," Anne Vicars. 

Anne Vicars, daughter of Walter Vic- 
ars, of Bewdley, County Worcester, Eng- 
land, was born about 1634. She is also 
mentioned as a "daughter of Walter" in 
the will of William Hopkins. She came 
to America probably when between six- 
teen and eighteen years of age, and was 



46 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



engaged to marry John Roberts. He 
went back to England from America and 
was not heard of again. Before leaving 
he gave his property in America to "his 
espoused wife Anne Vicars." He left the 
property in the hands of John Wakeman, 
to be given to her if he did not return. 
She married, August 4, 1656, John Thomp- 
son (see Thompson II). 

(The Bird Line). 

Arms — Argent, on a chevron engrailed gules 
between three lions rampant sable as many fleurs- 
de-lis or. 

Names of animals have in all ages and 
among nearly all nations been applied as 
sobriquets to individuals and these, in 
modern times, have acquired the force of 
surnames and thus been handed down 
hereditarily. Bird, a nickname, is from 
the Middle English bird or brid, perhaps 
given to the original bearer because of his 
singing propensities. 

The Bird family in England is very an- 
cient and widely distributed. They are 
or have been numerous in the counties 
of Chester, Cumberland, Derby, Essex, 
Hereford, Oxford, Shropshire, Warwick, 
Yorke. The ancestry of the Birds of Pen- 
rith, County Cumberland, is traced to 
the year 1295. Father William Bird, a 
Benedictine monk, was a candidate for 
the degree of Bachelor of Divinity at Ox- 
ford in 1504. Wood thinks his church was 
at Bath, and that he died there May 22, 
1525. His arms are curiously carved in 
stone in this old church. There have 
been many famous men of this surname 
in every generation of England since the 
earliest records. David le Brid was of 
County Oxford in 1273. John le Brid was 
of the same county in that year. Stefan 
Brid was of County Suffolk in 1273. Geof- 
frey Byrd was of County Salop in 1273. 
Henry le Brid was of County Somerset, i 
Edward III (1327). 



The Bird pedigree is found in an old 
pedigree in vellum in the custody of Mr. 
James Bird, of Brogham. Henry Bird, of 
County Cumberland, England, married 
Joan Beauchamp, daughter of Thomas 
Beauchamp, of Little Croglin, County 
Cumberland. Their son, William Bird, of 
Little Croglin, County Cumberland, mar- 
ried Joan Tindall, daughter and co-heir 
of John Tindall, of Northumberland 
County. Their son, William Bird, of 
Pireth, County Cumberland, was living 
in 1295. He married Emma Gospatrick, 
daughter of Gospatrick, Knight of Cum- 
berland. Their son, Adam Bird, of Pireth, 
married Joane Threlkeld, daughter of 
William Threlkeld, of Yanworth, County 
Westmoreland. Their son, William Bird, 
of Pireth, married the daughter of Thomas 
Martindale, and had a son, Roger Bird, of 
Pireth. He married Jane Crakenthorpe, 
daughter of John Crakenthorpe, of New 
Bigging, County Westmoreland. They 
had three children, James, John and Hugh. 

The Birds of Worcester derive from the 
old family of Cumberland. They bear arms 
similar to the arms of the Birds of County 
Cumberland. Henry Bird, of Bradforton, 
near Evesham, County Worcester, was 
originally of the Bird family of Lincoln- 
shire. He married and was the father of 
William Bird, born early in the sixteenth 
century, who married Mary Rutter. From 
him descend the Birds of Gloucester and 
the family that continued in Worcester. 

Among the collateral branches of the 
Bird family are the Birds of Gloucester- 
shire, England, who descend from the 
Cumberland family. William Bird, of 
Bradford, County Worcester, married 
Mary Rutter, the daughter of Michael 
Rutter. Their son, William Bird, of Eve- 
sham, County Worcester, married Anne 
Cox, daughter of Robert Cox, of Castle- 
ton, County Worcester. Their son, Peter 



47 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Bird, of Wootton-under-Edge, County 
Gloucester, was born about 1570. He 
married Mary Foster, daughter of Hum- 
phrey Foster, of County Gloucester. They 
were the parents of Mary, Anne, Susan, 
Anthony, Gyles, Richard, and William. 

The Birds of Cheshire trace to Randoll 
Bird, of Yowley, Cheshire, who married 
Anne Merbury, daughter of Thomas Mer- 
bury, of Merbury. Their son, Richard 
Bird, of Yowley, married the daughter of 
a Davenport, and had a son, Richard Bird, 
of Yowley, who married the daughter of a 
Hocknell, of Duddon. Their son, John 
Bird, of Yowley, married Anne Delves, 
daughter of John Delves, of Delves Hall, 
and had John, Thomas, and Richard. 

John Bird, son of John and Anne 
(Delves) Bird, lived at Yowley. His bro- 
ther, Thomas Bird, established a branch 
of the family at Crew, Cheshire, and his 
youngest brother, Richard Bird, was also 
of Cheshire. All of these sons of John and 
Anne (Delves) Bird were living about 
1500. 

Another family of Birds in Cheshire 
was represented in 1580 in the city of 
Chester by William Bird, alderman and 
justice of the peace. Of him it is recorded 
"In the which servyce (he) demeaned 
hym selfe in sutche wise that bothe of her 
Majesties Counscell in England and Ire- 
lande reported hym to bee a verey good 
subjecte, a wyse man and a readye fur- 
ther (er) of her Majesties services." He 
was the son of another William Bird, who 
was Mayor of Chester in 1557, whose wife 
was Jane Norley, daughter of Raffe Nor- 
ley, of Eccleston, Cheshire. William (2) 
Bird married three times and had children 
as follows : John, born about 1640 ; Rich- 
ard, Jane, Alice, Thomas, and Ellen. 

The Birds of Yorkshire descend from 
George Burd (or Bird), of New Castle, 
merchant, and at one time Mayor of New 



Castle. He married Ellinor Harbottle, 
daughter of Sir Ralph Harbottle, and had 
a son, Anthony. Anthony Bird married 
Elizabeth Hilton, daughter and co-heir of 
Hugh Hilton, of Slingsby. Their children 
were : George, Mark, Hugh, Henry, Isa- 
bel, Anne, Alice, Eleanor, Elizabeth, and 
were all born before 1600. 

(The Family in America). 

(I) Thomas Bird died about 1660. He 
was of Hartford, Connecticut, in 1644. He 
married and had children: i. Joseph. 2. 
James, of whom further. 3. Hannah, mar- 
ried John North. 4. Hannah, married a 
Scott. 

(II) James Bird, son of Thomas Bird, 
died in 1708. He married Lydia Steele. 
Children: i. Thomas, of whom further. 
2. Hannah, married Nathaniel Morgan. 3. 
Rebecca, married Samuel Lamb. 4. Lydia, 
married Peletiah Morgan. 5. Mehitable, 
married Simon Newell. 6. Elizabeth, mar- 
ried Ebenezer Alvord. 7. Daughter. 

(III) Thomas (2) Bird, son of James 
and Lydia (Steele) Bird, died in 1725. He 
lived in that part of Farmington, Con- 
necticut, afterwards called Northington, 
now Avon. He was a member of the 
church in 1691. He married, July 3, 1693, 
Mary Woodford. Children: i. Mary. 2. 
John, born in 1695. 3. Joseph, of whom 
further. 4. Jonathan, born December 28, 
1699. 5. Jonathan. 6. Jonathan. 7. Jona- 
than. 8. Jonathan. 

(IV) Joseph Bird, son of Thomas (2) 
and Mary (Woodford) Bird, was born 
December 27, 1696, died in 1754. He 
lived in Avon, removed to Litchfield, Con- 
necticut, in 1718-19, and to Salisbury, 
Connecticut, in 1748. He was chosen nine 
times to the General Court or State Legis- 
lature, and at his death he was Justice 
of the Quorum. He married (first), in 
1 72 1, Dorcas Norton, daughter of John 




'UiJ 



ciwamore 






ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and Ruth (Moore) Norton. She died in 
1750-51. He married (second), in 1752, 
Mrs. Eldredge. Children: i. James. 2. 
Mary. 3. Thomas. 4. Moore, of whom 
further. 5. Isaac. 6. Ruth. 7. Joseph. 8. 
Nathanie'. 9. Amos. 

(V) Moore Bird, son of Joseph and 
Dorcas (Norton) Bird, was born in 1729, 
and died in Salisbury, Connecticut, Sep- 
tember 3, 1756. He married, in Salisbury, 
Connecticut, November 9, 1751, Rebecca 
Skinner. Children: i. Asenath, of whom 
further. 2. Electa, born June i, 1754. 3. 
Nathaniel, born March 25, 1756, died in 
infancy. 

(VI) Asenath Bird, daughter of i\Ioore 
and Rebecca (Skinner) Bird, was born 
December 5, 1752. She married Captain 
James Bradley. (See Bradley VI). 

(The Scudamore-Skidmore Line). 

Scudamore Arms — Gules, three stirrups, leath- 
ered and buckled or. 

Crest — Out of a ducal coronet or a lion's gamb 
sable, armed gules. 

Skidmore Arms — Gules, three stirrups, leathers 
and buckles or. 

Crest — A unicorn's head erased sable, platee. 

Skidmore as a surname is derived from 
'Norman-French "Escu d'amour," from 
which came the original family of Escuda- 
mour, or Scudamore. During the days of 
the early barons in England the family 
was noted for its excellent horsemanship 
and the superior breed of horses it pos- 
sessed. Thomas Skidmore, the American 
founder, descended from a Norman an- 
cestor, one of the captains who came to 
England with William the Conqueror. 
The home of the English family was 
mostly in Herefordshire. 

(I) Thomas Skidmore, a descendant of 
Sir Thomas Scudamore, of Holme Lacy, 
Herefordshire, England, was born about 
1600. About 1635 he was of Westerly, 
County Gloucester, England, and he sailed 
Conn. 11-4 49 



to America in the latter part of 1635. In 
1636 he was of Cambridge, Massachusetts, 
and in 1640 he sent to England for his 
wife and family. In 1648 he owned a 
home lot in New London, Connecticut, in 
1650 had land in Stratford, Connecticut, 
and from there he moved to Fairfield, 
Connecticut, and in 1672 to Huntington, 
Long Island. He became town clerk of 
Huntington, representative to the General 
Assembly in 1673, and served in King 
PhiHp's War in 1676. He married (first), 
in England, Ellen. He married (second) 
Mrs. Joanna Baldwin, widow of Daniel 
Baldwin. He married (third) Mrs. Sarah 
Treadwell, widow of Edward Treadwell. 
Children of first marriage: i. Thomas, of 
whom further. 2. Dorothy, married Hugh 
Griffin. 3. Jedidah, married Edward Hig- 
bee. 4. John. 5. Grace, married John 
Goulding. 6. Joseph. 

(II) Thomas (2) Skidmore, son of 
Thomas and Ellen Skidmore, was born in 
England, about 1625, and died in Hunt- 
ington, Long Island, at an advanced age. 
He owned land in Huntington and in 
many of the adjoining settlements also in 
Connecticut. He married Ellen. Children : 
I. Thomas, of whom further. 2. Susanna. 
3. Ellen. 

(III) Thomas (3) Skidmore, son of 
Thomas (2) and Ellen Skidmore, removed 
to Connecticut, and lived on land owned 
by his father. He was, from all data 
available, father of Ellen Skidmore, born 
in 1701-04, who married Enos Bradley, of 
New Haven (see Bradley IV). 

(The Sparrow Line). 

Anns — Argent, three roses gules, a chief of the 
last. 

Crest — A yew tree proper. 

Through the line of Sparrow as traced 
hereafter the families of this record have 
a connection with that courageous, God- 
fearing band of Pilgrims whose names 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



surround the story of the passage and 
landing of the gallant little "Mayflower." 
A line of honor in its own right, the rela- 
tionship that thus follows is one lending 
additional distinction to a proud family 
history. 

(I) Richard Sparrow died in Eastham, 
Massachusetts, January 8, 1660. He came 
to America in 1632, settling at Plymouth, 
and removed to Eastham in 1653. He 
married Pandora and among their chil- 
dren was Jonathan, of whom further. 

(II) Captain Jonathan Sparrow, son of 
Richard and Pandora Sparrow, was of 
Eastham, Massachusetts. He was captain 
of a train band, served in early Indian 
wars, and was Representative to the Gen- 
eral Court in 1668 and for eighteen years 
following. He married (first), October 
26, 1654, Rebecca Bangs, daughter of Ed- 
ward Bangs. He married (second) Han- 
nah (Prince) Mayo, daughter of Govern- 
or Thomas Prince, a leading figure in 
Plymouth, and granddaughter of William 
Brewster, mentioned below. He married 
(third), in 1698, Sarah (Lewis) Cobb. 
Children of first marriage: i. Rebecca, 
married Thomas Freeman. 2. John, of 
whom further. 3. Priscilla, married Ed- 
ward Gray. 4. Lydia, married (first) Wil- 
liam Freeman, and (second) Jonathan 
Higgins. 5. Elizabeth, married Captain 
Samuel Freeman. 6. Jonathan. Children 
of the second marriage: 7. Richard, mar- 
ried Mercy Cobb. 8. Patience, married 
Joseph Paine. 

Of the children of Jonathan Sparrow of 
his first marriage were Priscilla, who mar- 
ried Edward Gray, who was a grandson 
of James Chilton, of the "Mayflower," 
whose death took place on board that ves- 
sel ; and Lydia, who married Jonathan 
Higgins, the grandson of Thomas Rogers, 
of the "Mayflower." Thomas Rogers was 
a native of England, and a member of the 
Leyden congregation. He was accom- 



panied on the "Mayflower's" voyage by 
his son, Joseph, who became a resident 
of Duxbury, and afterwards lived in East- 
ham, Massachusetts, on Cape Cod. He 
was, in 1647, appointed lieutenant of the 
military company at Nawsett. The father, 
Thomas Rogers, died in the first sickness 
in 1621, and Joseph received his allotment 
of lands in the division at Plymouth in 
1623. Thomas Rogers' other sons, John, 
William, and Noah, afterwards emigrated 
from England to the Plymouth Colony 
and settled at Duxbury, Massachusetts. 

William Brewster, who was justly 
named the "Patriarch of the Plymouth 
Colony," was the moral, religious, and 
spiritual leader of the Colony, and until 
his death its trusted guide. His early en- 
vironments were of wealth and prosperity, 
therefore he was not brought up to ardu- 
ous labors. The surname is derived from 
Brewer, Brewster, Brewister, meaning a 
brewer of malt liquors, and appears among 
the old families in the reign of Edward 
III as ranking among "the English landed 
gentry." The Suffolk branch of the fam- 
ily, through Robert Brewster, of Mutford, 
became established in the fifteenth cen- 
tury at Castle Hedingham, located in Es- 
sex, and marriage relations were formed 
with several knighted families. It is from 
this branch that Elder Brewster was de- 
scended, his coat-of-arms being identical 
with the Suffolk family. 

His father, William Brewster, was ap- 
pointed in 1575-76 receiver of Scrooby and 
bailiff of the Manor House there, belong- 
ing to the Archbishop Sandys, of the Dio- 
cese of York. He had a life tenure of both 
these oflSces. Between 1583 and 1588 he 
was made postmaster, and became known 
as the "Post of Scrooby"; he was master 
of the court mails, accessible only to those 
connected with the court. The office of 
postmaster in those days was filled by ?j 



SO 



SPARROW. 
Arms — Argent, three rose* gules, a cliiet of the InNt. 
Crest — A yew tree proper. 

HOXEYWOOD ( HOXYWOOD). 
Anns — Argent, a chevron between three falcons' heads eraseil azure, beaked or. 
Crest — A wolf's head couped ermine. 

STEELE. 
Anns — Argent, a bend chequy sable and ermine, between two lion^' heads 
erased gules, a chief azure. 

Crest — Out of a ducal coronet or a demi-ostrich with wings endorsed gules. 

WOODFORD. 
Anns — Sable, three leopards' heads reversed jessant de lis argent. 
Crest — .A naked savage wreathed about the head and waist, in the dexter hand 
a club, and in the sinister a palm branch in bend, all jiroper. 
Motto — Libcrtate quictcm. ( Ease in liberty.) 

NORTON. 

Anns — (lules, a fret argent, over all a bend vaire. 

Crest — .A griffin sejant proper, winged gules, beak and forelegs or. 

SKINNER. 
Arms — .*~^able, a chevron or between three grittins" heads erased argent. 
Crest — .-\ griffin's head erased argent, holding in its mouth (beak) a dexter 
gauntlet. 

Motto — Xunqunm non paratus. (Never unprepared.) 



lOLR.M'liV 

. 'd on the "Mayflower's" voyage by 
■ >n, Joseph, who became a resident 
'f Duxbury, and afterwards lived in East- 
ham, Massachusetts, on Cape Cod. He 
y was, in 1647, appointed lieutenant of the 
military company at Nawsett. The father. 
''^' Thomas Rogers, died in the first sicknes? 
"'"^ in 1621, and Joseph received his allotment 
Y^QCTr/rfql^nds in the division at Plymouth in 
Jill ui- ^"~X- Thomas Rogers' other sons, John. 
•^'^^f*'^'''^^"'''lv1ff(!rt,a'i^•{!^Y^l,^!?^4?^^vam«%mig^lted 
' '" '"Ton of ^'■^'" Erip^.lP ?B"'Jtiy<?(FMi>"lW\ Colony 
' . //v^'So^ ) d^h^f/^^/bF?""^"'"'' **^ss^^^"setts. 

..A ,„ „.,rlv In.iian '^'''^^' , /^^Wr^WPlymoutl: 

,h,c Qgj,. Colony- ... ': '> moral, ferigious, and 

pj., , (^,,5 ^,gfira'j-fB'''tual leader of the Colony, and until 

26. 1'-:;.,. ' -. dnutrhter of Ed- vironhien' '-wrfH-osperity. 

ward APi»^ 4,-,-Mbr». «*;rJis^ ^fi^9B5i,^,^.^I^- ,, i']S''f/mrn,l)''l2u ' '^'«?%rdu- 

nah M' ■■ ■* ■ -' r'^-Vr of Govern- ous lanor's. TT' ^ ^ed from 

or T' 'ff^d^ncfeS^'^'^' ^'■c^^^'-'-''' i-'-'e.-, icici, meaning s 

Piyt,. 




married.-£iip . I.y ;ime e,stuL^ii^hcu in the fifteenth i 

' ■ /^ ; '"^J^^^^Ji-y at Castle Hcdingham. located u. 

' ' fit"'' .??'(" .-i^fr^SffM.^t,* .r»l!aiS.*n8\\v*ere for- 

-iJ^f^r'Wt'Ii^aw.iHr^iHtiii^trtkiifefjlrT^te^J It is f 

!in. L iiildren this branch that Elder Brewster wa> 

,. . Kirhard'.4nTiT-'^-''<it§nded, hi.s cuat-of-arms being iden! 

^^^M«o E urn,.r. rUnorr- .,} r,f o,.,f,,,„, .)n.o-,i; jjj,,:^^,!,^,, VVr,ffife,g, ;j^lxe,4=^gr, wa.= 
<■ of pointed in 1575-76 receiver o|^f^j9^_v 

his h. ' "^'-^ ' ba<l<»MfihB<Ma«<?niH'^iii^iii\?je, be!- 

ried Edward Gray, who v -on jng to the Archbishop Sandys, of the ' 

of James Ch.'ton. of thv t," cese of York. He had a life tenure of ' 

whose death took place on board that ves- these offices. Between 1583 and 158" 
"•1 ; am' T v,i:-> ■■•!-.> m- -^ir,' Jonathan was made postmaster, and became kiv 
■ ■_. . • t Rogers, as the "Post of Scrooby"; he was mr; 

'■ .-c A-,., of the court mails, accessible only to t; 

ronnected with the court. The offi 

>.. .i;tinnM "r in t'lo^o i'l;i\->; vv;!"; tillr 



i 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



persons of high social station, and was a 
position of much consequence, as it in- 
volved the supplying of relay of horses 
and the entertainment of travelers. The 
Scrooby Manor was a residence of im- 
portance ; royalty had often been enter- 
tained there, and Cardinal Wolsey was 
its inmate for several weeks after his 
downfall. The paternal Brewster died at 
Scrooby in 1590. The birth, marriage, 
and death records of the parish of Scrooby 
are intact only since 1595, and there is no 
authentic testimony of the date of birth 
or the birthplace of Elder Brewster. In 
accordance with an affidavit made by him 
at Leyden on June 25, 1609, in which he 
declares himself as being forty-two years 
of age, the date of his birth must have 
been in the last half of 1566 or the first 
half of 1567. That Scrooby was his birth- 
place is a matter of question, as there is 
no evidence that his father was a resident 
of that parish prior to his appointment as 
receiver. Young Brewster's education fol- 
lowed the lines given to the sons of no- 
bility and gentry. He matriculated De- 
cember 3, 1580, at Peterhouse, which was 
the oldest of the fourteen colleges, which 
afterward became the University of Cam- 
bridge, but he did not remain long enough 
at that institution to receive his degree. 
We find him after leaving Peterhouse in 
the service of William Davidson, Queen 
Elizabeth's Secretary of State ; he accom- 
panied him in August, 1585, to the Court 
of The Netherlands on a diplomatic mis- 
sion. The downfall of William Davidson 
occurred in 1587, and William Brewster, 
leaving court circles, returned to Scrooby. 
At the time of his father's death he ad- 
ministered his estate, and succeeded him 
as postmaster. For his services he re- 
ceived the munificent salary of twenty 
pence a day, which was increased in July, 
1603, to two shillings. He resided at the 



Manor House, and was held in high es- 
teem among the people, associating with 
the gentlemen of the surrounding country, 
and was prominent in promoting and fur- 
thering religion. Of a serious and re- 
ligious mind, the forms and customs of 
the Established Church became abhorrent 
to him, and he became interested and act- 
ive in the cause of the dissenters. Always 
loyal to the home government, he re- 
luctantly accepted the fact that his con- 
scientious scruples required his separa- 
tion from the Established Church. He 
helped to form a dissenting society which 
met at his residence, thus forming the 
nucleus which constituted the Plymouth 
Pilgrims. The meetings were interrupted 
by persecutions, continuance of which 
caused a number of the Separatists (by 
which they became known), to agitate in 
1607 an emigration to Holland. William 
Brewster being under the ban of the 
church, became a member of a party 
which unsuccessfully tried to sail from 
Boston to Lincolnshire, England, and was 
arrested and imprisoned. He was in pos- 
session of considerable property at this 
time, a large part of which was spent to 
regain his liberty and in assisting the 
poorer members of the party to escape to 
Holland. His release from imprisonment 
having been obtained, a successful at- 
tempt of emigration was made and Hol- 
land was reached. After a short stay 
at Amsterdam he proceeded to Leyden, 
where the Rev. Mr. Robinson had estab- 
lished a church of which he was made rul- 
ing elder. He now found himself deprived 
of most of his wealth, and not fitted, like 
the other Pilgrims, to unaccustomed hard- 
ships and hard labor. His means had 
been spent in providing for his family, 
also by the treachery of a certain ship 
captain on his voyage to Leyden, who ap- 
propriated to himself most of his worldly 



51 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



possessions, including valuable and choice 
books. He was not, however, disheart- 
ened ; his collegiate education became 
available in this his hour of need. He 
established at Leyden a school ; his knowl- 
edge of Latin brought him many students, 
both Danes and Germans, who desired to 
acquire education in the English language. 
This, supplemented by his cheerfulness 
and contentment, enabled him to bear the 
burden of straitened finances, and the 
hardships incidental to emigration were 
overcome. He could not look for any 
financial assistance from his children, who 
had been bred to refinement and culture 
and were not fitted for toilsome and la- 
borious duties. He was materially bene- 
fited financially by the establishment of 
a printing office ; religious books were 
printed that were contrabanded by the 
English Government, and the operation 
was closely watched by the English Am- 
bassador, Sir Dudley Carleton. Elder 
Brewster was sent to England in 1619 
to arrange for the emigration of the Pil- 
grims to America. The English Ambas- 
sador forwarded information of his de- 
parture for England, and recommended 
that he be apprehended and examined. 
His eflForts were futile, and Elder Brew- 
ster returned to Leyden without being 
molested. 

At the time of the departure of the Pil- 
grims for their future home in a new land, 
on account of his popularity, he was cho- 
sen their spiritual guide. He embarked 
on the "Mayflower" with his wife, whose 
maiden name was Mary Love, and the 
two youngest members of his family. 
Wrestling and Love, sons, the latter be- 
ing an infant in arms. On the arrival of 
the voyagers on the bleak coast of Mas- 
sachusetts, the famous Covenant estab- 
lishing the Pilgrim Republic was drafted, 
and William Brewster is credited as being 
its author. For the first nine years of 



the Plymouth settlement he supplied the 
vacant pulpit, preaching impressive ser- 
mons ; though often urged, he never ad- 
ministered the sacrament. Elder Brew- 
ster died at Plymouth, Massachusetts, 
April 16, 1644. His wife's death had pre- 
ceded his, she passing away April 17, 
1627. The late years of his life were spent 
in Duxbury, Massachusetts, with his son. 
Love, who was apparently the wealthiest 
man in that town, and was engaged in the 
cultivation of the paternal acres and estab- 
lishing a family home. Jonathan, his 
eldest son, was living at the time of his 
father's death. He remained in Leyden 
at the time of the first emigration of the 
Pilgrims, but joined his father soon after- 
ward at Plymouth. He removed to Con- 
necticut, and died at Brewster's Neck, in 
tnat province. 

(III) John Sparrow, son of Captain 
Jonathan and Rebecca (Bangs) Sparrow, 
was born in Eastham, Massachusetts, No- 
vember 2, 1656, and died there, his will 
being proved March 19, 1734-35. He lived 
at Eastham, and served in the early In- 
dian wars. He married, December 5, 

1683, Apphia Tracy, daughter of John and 
Mary (Prence) Tracy. Mary (Prence) 
Tracy was the daughter of Governor 
Thomas Prence by his second wife, Mary 
(Collier) Prence. (His first wife was the 
daughter of William Brewster.) Chil- 
dren: I. Rebecca, bom December 23, 

1684. 2. John, born August 24, 1687, died 
young. 3. Elizabeth, born January 19, 
1689. 4. Stephen, of whom further. 

(IV) Stephen Sparrow, son of John 
and Apphia (Tracy) Sparrow, was born 
September 6, 1694, and died in East Had- 
dam, Connecticut, September 9, 1785. He 
lived at Eastham, Massachusetts, and re- 
moved with his sons to East Haddam, 
Connecticut, and served in the expedi- 
tion to Louisburg in 1745. He married, 
at Eastham, Massachusetts, November 7, 



52 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1717, Annah Mulford, daughter of Thomas 
Jr., and Mary (Bassett) Mulford. She 
was born July 28, 1691, and died at East 
Haddam, Connecticut, June 26, 1772. Chil- 
dren : I. John, of whom further. 2. 
Thomas, born February 5, 1720-21. 3. 
Stephen, born March 18, 1723; married, 
in 1746, Apphia Pepper. 4. Elizabeth, 
twin with Stephen. 5. Nathaniel, born in 
1725, died at East Haddam, Connecticut, 
in 1804. 6. Richard, born July 16, 1727; 
married (second), in 1763, Deborah How- 
land; he died before 1790, and his widow 
remained in East Haddam. 7. Joshua, 
born May 28, 1730. 8. Apphia, born July 
18, 1731 ; married Abner Beebe. 9. James, 
born October 22, 1735. 

(V) John (2) Sparrow, son of Stephen 
and Annah (Mulford) Sparrow, was born 
in Eastham, Massachusetts, July 6, 1719, 
and died in East Haddam, Connecticut, 
July 25, 1764, aged forty-five years. He 
removed from Eastham, Massachusetts, 
to East Haddam, Connecticut, before 1749. 
He married Elizabeth, who was born in 
1723, and died in East Haddam, October 
1 1 , 1 774, in her fifty-second year. Children : 
I. Mary, born December 14, 1749. 2. An- 
nah, of whom further. 3. Elizabeth, born 
December 13, 1753. 4. John, born Febru- 
ary 22, 1756. 5. Apphia, born May 2, 1758. 
6. Stephen, born November 8, 1760. 7. 
Benjamin, born November 9, 1762. 

(VI) Annah Sparrow, daughter of John 
(2) and Elizabeth Sparrow, was born 
April 19, 1751. She married, April 2, 1777, 
Abner Banning (see Banning III). 



BISHOP, Rev. Ethan Ferris, 

Rector. 

It seems that the House of Bishop, 
particularly those branches of that great 
house whose foundations were laid in 
Stamford, Bridgeport, and other towns 



and cities of Connecticut, was second to 
none in the versatility by which its mem- 
bers have been able to do many things 
so well that they have stood out as lights 
along the pathway of progress, and with 
their lamp of leadership in one line of en- 
deavor or another, or in more than one 
line simultaneously, have illuminated the 
highway cast up by them and on which 
others of their kin or of their fellows 
have trod to the goal of successful achieve- 
ment. With individuals of the Bishop 
family the light of genius has attended 
their way and by it they have been se- 
curely and brilliantly led to accomplish 
great things, not only for themselves but 
also for the lasting benefit of their fellow- 
men. While to a greater or less degree 
this endowment of life with the high re- 
ward of one's applied skill was a birth- 
right of most members of the Bishop 
family who have shed luster on the his- 
tory of the State of Connecticut, it ap- 
pears to have bestowed its most prodigal 
of attainments and successes upon the 
principles of this memoir. They were 
acknowledged to be without their peers 
in the realm of transportation — railway 
and steamboat — and several members of 
the Bishop family contributed not a few 
pages to the annals of railroading in New 
England and of steamboat navigation in 
the coastal waters of Massachusetts, Con- 
necticut, and New York. The Bishop 
transportation genii did more, perhaps, 
than any others to develop railroad prop- 
erties in the theaters of their operation 
during their day and generation. They 
were, indeed, '"men of the hour." 

Born in Madison, New Jersey, March 
27, 1825, died in Bridgeport December 7, 
1883, Ethan Ferris Bishop was a son of 
Alfred F. and Mary (Ferris) Bishop. His 
father was the captain of railroad con- 
struction who did more than any man of 



S3 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



his day in opening up the State of Con- 
necticut and contiguous territory to mod- 
ern transportation methods. He made one 
of the greatest careers of his generation 
as railroad, bridge, and canal builder. He 
was the builder of the New York & New 
Haven Railroad (now the New York, 
New Haven & Hartford), the Housatonic 
Valley Railroad, the old Berkshire, Wash- 
ington & Saratoga Railroad, and the Nau- 
gatuck Railroad (now a subsidiary of the 
New Haven system). 

On the paternal side, the founder of the 
Bishop family name in America was Rev. 
John Bishop. He was a Puritan minister 
at Stamford in 1643, accepting the call by 
journeying on foot, Bible under arm, from 
Boston to Stamford. His Bible is said to 
be carefully preserved by descendants. 
He married (first) Rebecca. He married 
(second) Joanna Royce, widow of Rev. 
Peter Prudden and of Captain Thomas 
Willet. Stephen Bishop, eldest child of 
Rev. John and Rebecca Bishop, was born 
in Stamford about 1660. He married 
Mercy. John (2) Bishop, eldest child of 
Stephen and Mercy Bishop, was born in 
Stamford about 1680. He married Mary 
Talmadge. (I) Pierson Bishop, who was 
a descendant of Rev. John Bishop, was 
living in Stamford in 1790. He married 
Hannah Finch. (II) William Bishop, son 
of Pierson and Hannah (Finch) Bishop, 
was born June 23, 1769, at Stamford, died 
February 24, 18/14. He married Susanna, 
daughter of John and Sarah (Nichols) 
Scoiield. (Ill ) Alfred F., son of William 
and Susanna (Scofield) Bishop, was born 
in Stamford December 21, 1798, died June 
12, 1849. He removed to New Jersey 
when he was a young man and there he 
entered upon his remarkable career as a 
railroad contractor. He built the Morris 
Canal and also constructed the bridge 
over the Raritan River at New Bruns- 



wick, New Jersey. Having come to 
Bridgeport in 1836, he took upon himself 
the financial burden and executed the 
plans for building the Housatonic Val- 
ley Railroad. His next successful enter- 
prise was the construction of the Berk- 
shire, Washington & Saratoga Railroad. 
In 1845, he, having gathered together a 
number of highly influential men of Con- 
necticut as fellow-incorporators, attempt- 
ed the construction of the Naugatuck Rail- 
road. The first president of this railroad 
was the celebrated Timothy Dwight. 

In 1849 Mr. Bishop began the construc- 
tion of the New York & New Haven Rail- 
road. While these two great pieces of 
railroad building were nearing completion 
Mr. Bishop died at Saratoga, New York. 
The New Haven Railroad's directors said 
of him in 1849 • "The work which owes its 
execution to him will be a monument to 
carry down his name with honor to the 
future." Mr. Bishop married, October 11, 
1821, at Greenwich, Connecticut, Mary, 
daughter of Ethan Ferris. Their children : 
I. Ethan Ferris, of this review. 2. Wil- 
liam D., who became one of the greatest 
executives that the New Haven system 
has ever had. 3. Henry Bishop, born at 
Madison August 26, 1839, died January 
17, 1895 ; married Maggie Mallory, whose 
father had been Secretary of War in the 
Confederate government. 

(IV) Ethan Ferris Bishop received his 
preliminary education in the schools of 
his native Madison, New Jersey, and in 
1838, when he was thirteen years of age, 
he removed to Bridgeport, where he con- 
tinued his schooling. He matriculated at 
Yale College in 1845, but an accident in his 
youth having impaired his eyesight, he 
was obliged to relinquish his studies. He 
became a clerk in his father's office and 
also pursued his studies in theology, and 
became rector of the Church of the Na- 



54 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tivity at Bridgeport. He continued to 
serve in his father's office until the latter's 
death in 1849. He was made executor of 
his father's estate and in that capacity 
closed up the accounts that had been 
left open when death interrupted his fa- 
ther's career as builder of railroads. In 
1850 he was elected a director of the Nau- 
gatuck Railroad, and in 185 1 he was cho- 
sen president of that road. He served 
that road as its executive until 1855, when 
he resigned and engaged in railroading in 
the Middle West. Principal among the 
railroads he operated were the Milwaukee 
& Watertown, the Milwaukee & Chicago, 
and the Dubuque & Sioux City. Upon 
his return to Bridgeport he was reelected 
president of the Naugatuck Railroad, and 
held that office from 1873 until his death. 
With the organization of the Bridgeport 
Steamboat Company in 1865, Mr. Bishop 
was made its president. This office he 
afterward relinquished in favor of his son, 
Dr. Sydney Bishop. In 1859 he yielded 
to the desire and ambition of his youth, 
and he entered the priesthood of the Prot- 
estant Episcopal Church, and he with 
some outside assistance built the Church 
of the Nativity, which he served as rector. 
Five years later, 1864, the college adjoin- 
ing the church was finished, and within 
its walls orphans and needy boys received 
a thorough preparation for college or a 
business life. 

Mr. Bishop held a large place in the 
social and fraternal life of Bridgeport 
and the State of Connecticut. He was 
affiliated with Hamilton Commandery, 
Knights Templar ; St. John's Lodge, Free 
and Accepted Masons; Jerusalem Council, 
Royal and Select Masters ; Jerusalem 
Chapter, Royal Arch Masons ; and the 
Confraternity of the Blessed Sacrament of 
the Protestant Episcopal Church. In the 
Masonic fraternity as well as in his church 



connections Mr. Bishop was extremely 
active for the major part of his life. 

Mr. Bishop married, March 22, 1847, ^t 
Brooklyn, New York, Georgianna Moody, 
born in England, daughter of John and 
Elizabeth Frances Moody. Her father was 
born in England, and came to Bridge- 
port, where he took up his home on North 
Avenue, near the present Mountain Grove 
Cemetery. He developed that section, 
and became a dealer in real estate, carry- 
ing on this line of business to a consider- 
able extent. He died at the age of sev- 
enty-eight years, and his wife, who also 
was born in England, died at the age of 
sixty. They were the parents of eleven 
children. To Mr. and Mrs. Ethan Ferris 
Bishop there were born three children : 

1. Sydney, who was the successor of his 
father in the presidency of the New York 
and Bridgeport Steamboat Company and 
for a number of years practiced medicine. 

2. Alfred, born June 18, 1855, died in in- 
fancy. 3. Elizabeth Frances, born March 
19, 1863. Mrs. Georgianna (Moody) Bish- 
op, widow of Rev. Ethan Ferris Bishop, 
died January 17, 1898. 

The father, Alfred F., and the son, Ethan 
Ferris Bishop, it will be readily gathered 
from this memoir, were true to the best 
traditions of the Bishop family. By their 
lives and deeds they gave to the gen- 
erations in which they moved and to 
their successors the incalculable benefits 
of their skill and industry. Who shall be 
able to compute the blessings that have 
come to their fellow-men from the majes- 
tic sweep of those transportation lines, 
rail and water, which they promoted, 
builded and developed and maintained ! 
They were honorable, clean-living men ; 
they occupied a high plane of moral and 
spiritual endeavor; and their well-nigh 
marvelous successes in material things 
they shared with a lavish hand with those 



55 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



with whom they had contact — in business, 
in social, and in community life. The in- 
fluence of their lives upon their immediate 
and upon their remote beneficiaries g'lows 
like a perpetual fire upon the altars of hal- 
lowed memory. 



FRISBIE, Edward Laurens, 

Manufacturer, I<egisIator. 

Arms — Argent, three fleurs-de-lis gules. 

By the middle of the thirteenth century 
the surname Frisbie was well established 
in several counties in England, and we 
find numerous entries in the Hundred 
Rolls, 1273. The name is of local origin, 
signifying that those who first adopted it 
were residents of Frisby, a chapelry in 
County Leicester, whence families of the 
name spread into all parts of England. 
Early entries preserve the particle "de," 
which disappears toward the close of the 
fifteenth century. 

The Connecticut Frisbies are the de- 
scendants of Edward and John Frisbie, 
for whom long established tradition claims 
a Welsh origin. Both were signers of the 
Plantation and Church Covenant of the 
town of Branford, Connecticut, in Janu- 
ary, 1668, and both became the progeni- 
tors of families which have wielded power- 
ful influences in the life of Connecticut 
since the earliest days of the Colony. The 
late Edward Laurens Frisbie, well known 
manufacturer and public man of Water- 
bury, was a lineal descendant of Edward 
Frisbie, who came from Wales and settled 
in the Hartford Colony soon after its 
establishment, and who, in 1644, was one 
of a party that purchased Totoket (now 
Branford) and organized a town govern- 
ment there. The line descends through 
Elijah Frisbie, the first of the name to 
settle in Waterbury. 

(I) John Frisbie, the first of the direct 



line to whom it has been possible to trace, 
was a resident of the town of Branford. 
He married Abigail Culpepper, and among 
their children was Elijah, mentioned be- 
low. 

(II) Elijah Frisbie, son of John and 
Abigail (Culpepper) Frisbie, was born in 
Branford, and resided there until 1759, 
when he removed to Wolcott. Here he 
lived on the Waterbury Road until his 
death on February 15, 1800, at the age of 
eighty-one years. Elijah Frisbie's house 
stood in the historic Bronson's Meadow 
until 1801. A stone was set in the bound- 
ary line between Waterbury and Wolcott 
at that date, "where the center of the 
house was." Elijah Frisbie married (first) 
Abigail Culver (see Culver IV), who died 
April 19, 1771 ; (second) Elizabeth Ives, 
who died October 11, 1776; (third) Lydia 
Redfield. 

(HI) Reuben Frisbie, son of Elijah and 
Abigail (Culver) Frisbie, was born in 
Branford, Connecticut, and removed to 
Waterbury with his father, settling on 
Bronson's Meadow, where he resided un- 
til his death. He married (first) Eliza- 
beth Wakelee, May 25, 1769. She was 
the daughter of Ebenezer Wakelee, and 
died in Waterbury, November 22, 1778. 
(See Wakelee IV.) He married (second) 
Ruth Seward, daughter of Amos Seward, 
on June 3, 1779. Reuben Frisbie died 
September id, 1824, aged seventy-eight 
years. 

(IV) Daniel Frisbie, son of Reuben and 
Elizabeth (Wakelee) Frisbie, was born 
in Waterbury, Connecticut, January 16, 
1771. He was a prosperous farmer and 
prominent resident of Waterbury. He 
married, September 29, 1794, Eunice Hill, 
daughter of Lieutenant Jared Hill (see 
Hill V). Daniel Frisbie died November 
15, 1850. 

(V) Laurens Frisbie, son of Daniel and 



56 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Eunice (Hill) Frisbie, was born in Water- 
bury, Connecticut, August 2, 1800. He 
married, in 1821, Artimesia Welton, who 
was born April 15, 1798, daughter of Rich- 
ard, Jr., and Sarah (Gunn) Welton; she 
was a descendant of John Welton, the 
founder, through Richard, Eliakim, Rich- 
ard, and Richard. Their children were : 
I. Sarah Mariend. born September 22, 
1822. 2. Edward Laurens, of further men- 
tion. 3. Felicia Ann, born July 31, 1827. 
(VI) Edward Laurens Frisbie, son of 
Laurens and Artimesia (Welton) Fris- 
bie, was born in Waterbury, Connecticut, 
August 22, 1824. He spent his childhood 
on his father's farm, was educated in the 
local schools, and on completing his stud- 
ies returned to farming. In 1847, ^t the 
age of twenty-three years, he entered the 
kettle department of the Waterbury Brass 
Company, where he remained until the 
summer of 1848, when the old method of 
manufacturing kettles by stamping was 
superceded by a machine for spinning 
them. In the spring of 1849 he entered 
the employ of Brown & Elton, and was 
engaged in casting brass and German 
silver with this firm until it was dissolved 
and the new firm of Brown Brothers 
formed. Under the new organization he 
was made foreman of the casting depart- 
ment. His connection with Brown Broth- 
ers covered a period of thirty years, dur- 
ing which time he rose rapidly to a posi- 
tion of influence in the firm, eventually 
taking a leading part in its management. 
In 1854 he purchased an interest in the 
business, and thenceforward until his re- 
tirement from active business life in 1883, 
he directed the policies of the firm. During 
the greater part of this period he was act- 
ively and prominently identified with nu- 
merous industrial and financial enterprises 
in Waterbury. Mr. Frisbie was a member 
of the board of trustees of the Waterbury 
Savings Bank, and for several years was 



its president. He was a prime factor in the 
movement which resulted in the founding 
of the Dime Savings Bank, of which he 
was a trustee until his death. He was 
also a director of the Manufacturers' Na- 
tional Bank and was its president at the 
time of his death. In 1854 Mr. Frisbie 
made his entrance into public life in Wa- 
terbury, as the representative of his dis- 
trict in the Connecticut State Legislature. 
From this time forward he took an active 
and influential part in the official affairs 
of Waterbury, serving in various public 
offices, and lending his support continu- 
ously to all movements which had for 
their end the betterment of civic condi- 
tions. In 1872 he was reelected to the 
Legislature. Mr. Frisbie was also a mem- 
ber of the Board of Selectmen before the 
incorporation of Waterbury as a city. 
Under the city government he served as 
a member of the City Council, and as a 
member of numerous boards and commit- 
tees. He was a member of the Board of 
Assessors and justice of the peace for 
many years. Mr. Frisbie was a democrat 
of the Jefifersonian school, and until his 
death was a prominent leader in the coun- 
cils of his party. In religious belief he 
was an Episcopalian ; when St. John's 
Parish was divided and Trinity Parish 
formed, he became a vestryman in the 
newly-established church and was later 
one of its wardens. Despite the varied 
and insistent nature of his public service 
and his business and financial interests, 
Mr. Frisbie was essentially a home-lover, 
finding his greatest enjoyment at his own 
fireside. His home was the center of a 
wide and cultured circle of friends. A 
man of deep sympathies, sincere in his 
purpose and steadfast in his attachments, 
Mr. Frisbie's friends were legion, and his 
death caused genuine sorrow among hun- 
dreds. 

On February 11, 1850, Mr. Frisbie mar- 



57 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ried (first) Hannah A. Welton, daughter 
of Hershel Welton, of Wolcott; she died 
July ID, 1857. Two of their four children 
died in infancy; two attained majority. 
Children: i. Mary A., who became the 
wife of Ellis Phelan. 2. Edward Laurens, 
a resident of Waterbury. 

Mr. Frisbie married (second) Josephine 
Deming, daughter of Abner Deming, of 
Derby; she died October 14, 1872, leav- 
ing one daughter, Josephine. On October 
2, 1884, Mr. Frisbie married (third) Emily 
J. Welton, daughter of George Wales and 
Mary (Graham) Welton, of Waterbury 
(see Welton VII). Mrs. Frisbie is a 
member of the Melicent Porter Chapter, 
Daughters of the American Revolution, 
holding a life membership in the chapter. 
She is also a member of the Woman's 
Club, and was at one time its president, 
the third woman to hold the office. She 
has long been active in the benevo- 
lent and philanthropic efforts of Trinity 
Church, and has been a generous donor to 
all such endeavors in Waterbury. Mrs. 
Frisbie is widely and eminently known in 
the more conservative social circles of 
the city. Edward Laurens Frisbie died 
at his home in Waterbury, April 13, 1909. 

(The Welton Line). 

Arms — Argent, a mullet gules, on a chief of the 
second a demi-lion rampant of the field. 

Crest — A demi-lion rampant argent, guttee de 
sang. 

The surname Welton, of local origin, 
and therefore of ancient date, appears in 
medieval English registers of as early 
date as the Hundred Rolls, 1273, where 
we find the entry — Roger de Weltone — 
for County Bedford. Parishes of the 
name flourished in the thirteenth century 
in Counties Oxford, Lincoln, Northants, 
and in the East Riding of Yorkshire. The 
particle "de" was eventually dropped, and 



the name in its present form has figured 
in English life and affairs for over seven 
hundred years. 

The American Weltons, distinctively a 
Connecticut family, comprise the progeny 
of one John Welton, an Englishman of 
substance, whose descendants have played 
notable parts in the public, professional, 
and business life of Connecticut Colony 
and Commonwealth for two and a half 
centuries. The line of ancestry traced 
herein is that of the late George Wales 
Welton, one of the organizers of the Wa- 
terbury Brass Company, and one of the 
leading business men of Waterbury in 
the middle decades of the last century. 

(I) John Welton, immigrant ancestor 
and progenitor, was, according to family 
tradition, originally a resident of Say- 
brook, whence he removed early to Farm- 
ington. Here he was one of the pioneer 
settlers, and in 1672 was one of the eighty- 
four proprietors of the town. In 1674 he 
was a signer of the articles of agreement. 
John Welton shared in all the allotments 
except the first, and was probably in Mat- 
tatuck as early as 1679. Here he was one 
of the twenty-five who pledged them- 
selves to pay the salary of Mr. Peck, the 
first minister. In 1691 he was a member 
of the local militia, with the rank of cor- 
poral. In 1708 he was selectman, and for 
eight years, between 1698 and 1714, filled 
the ofiice of town constable. He lived 
on the south side of West Main Street. 
His house lot, containing two acres, was 
bounded on the east by land of Thomas 
Judd, Jr., west by land of Abraham An- 
druss, Sr., and north and south by the 
highway. John Welton married Mary 

; she died October 18, 1716. They 

were the parents of eleven children, six of 
whom were born in Farmington before 
the removal of the family to Waterbury. 
John Welton died June 18, 1726; his son 



58 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



George was administrator of the estate. 
He was one of the leading men of the 
early settlement at Waterbury. 

(II) Richard Welton, son of John and 
Mary Welton, was born September 27, 
1679, and is reputed to have been the first 
child of English parents born in Water- 
bury. In May, 1699, and in 1723, he became 
a townsman. He was apparently a car- 
penter by trade and was also a sergeant 
of militia. He first bought the house and 
a lot of three acres on the corner of Grove 
and Willow streets of his brother Stephen, 
for which he gave "a horse and a young 
stear and a parcel of timber," on August 

I, 1703. In 1711, "in consideration of a 
two year old hefFer,"he conveyed the land 
(no mention is made of the house) to John 
Scovill. In 1708 he had purchased the 
house of Joseph Gaylord, Jr., in Buckshill, 
and removed there. Richard Welton mar- 
ried Mary Upson, daughter of Stephen 
Upson. 

(III) Richard Welton, son of Richard 
and Mary (Upson) Welton, was born in 
Waterbury, January 5, 1701. He was a 
prosperous landowner and farmer. On 
November 3, 1724, he married Anne Fen- 
ton, (see Fenton II). He died January 

II, 1766. 

(IV) Captain John Welton, son of 
Richard and Anne (Fenton) Welton, was 
born January 26, 1726-27, in Waterbury, 
Connecticut. He was a farmer of Buck- 
shill. From an early period he was a 
prominent member of the Episcopal So- 
ciety, and held the office of senior warden. 
At the beginning of the Revolutionary 
War he espoused the cause of the col- 
onies, became a moderate Whig, and was 
confided in by the friends of Colonial in- 
dependence. In 1784 he was appointed 
a justice of the peace, and the same year 
was elected to the Legislature, of which 
he was a useful and much respected mem- 



ber for fifteen sessions. It is said that few 
men were listened to with more deference 
than he. He died January 22, 1816. John 
Welton married, January 5, 1758, Dorcas 
Hickcox (see Hickcox IV). 

(V) Richard Fenton Welton, son of 
Captain John and Dorcas (Hickcox) Wel- 
ton, was born April 17, 1767. On reach- 
ing manhood he removed to the center 
of the town, and lived on East Main 
Street, near the west end of the lot on 
which the Church of the Immaculate Con- 
ception stands. His lot was bounded on 
the west by land of James Scovil's, the 
division line being about where the west 
line of Phoenix Alley now is. About 1803 
he established a general merchandise busi- 
ness, in a store which he owned on the 
corner of East and South Main streets. 
About 1810, his health failing, he gave up 
his business, and returned to Buckshill, 
where he purchased a small farm. In 
1817 he disposed of this and removed to a 
farm near the present residence of Hiram 
E. Welton. Richard F. Welton married 
(first) Sarah Anna Hickcox. He married 
(second) Anna Porter (see Porter V). 
Children : i. Caroline. 2. George Wales, 
of whom further. 3. Joseph C. 

(VI) George Wales Welton, son of 
Richard Fenton and Anna (Porter) Wel- 
ton, was born in the old Welton home- 
stead on East Main Street, Waterbury, 
August 26, 1809. After preparatory stud- 
ies in the Buckshill School, he entered the 
Waterbury Academy. On completing his 
studies, he turned to agricultural pur- 
suits, and until 1845 was engaged success- 
fully in extensive farming operations. In 
the latter year he was one of the prime 
movers in the formation of the now fa- 
mous Waterbury Brass Company, and 
until 1857 filled the position of superin- 
tendent of the company's plants. In 1857 
he became superintendent of the Holmes, 



59 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Booth & Hayden's plant, and served in 
this capacity for thirteen years. Through- 
out this period he was a leading figure in 
the manufacturing circles of Waterbury, 
a man whose judgment and ability were 
eagerly sought and highly respected. Mr. 
Welton was one of the founders of the 
Plume & Atwood Manufacturing Com- 
pany, and a member of its board of direc- 
tors until his death. He was also a stock- 
holder in the Oakville Pin Company. 

George Wales Welton stands out pre- 
dominantly from the ranks of those men 
who directed the first industrial and com- 
mercial growth of the city of Waterbury, 
and laid the foundation for its present 
commanding position in the manufactur- 
ing life of New England. He was a man 
of long vision, cognizant of the resources 
of his native city, and ambitious for its 
development. Every public movement for 
the advancement of civic interests had his 
interested support. He remained aloof 
from politics, however. 

On September ii, 1837, Mr. Welton 
married (first) in Waterbury, Harriet Mi- 
nor, daughter of Archibald Minor, of Wol- 
cott, Connecticut. Child : Harriet Minor, 
who became the wife of Leverett D. 
Kinea, of Thomaston, Connecticut. 

On December 22, 1840, Mr. Welton 
married (second) Mary Graham, who was 
born in Hartford, Connecticut, daughter 
of Cyrus Graham (see Graham III). Chil- 
dern : i. Mary Elizabeth, became the wife 
of George E. Bissell, the noted sculp- 
tor ; they have five children : i. George 
Welton, dean of the Michigan State Col- 
lege at Lansing, ii. Isabella Graham, at 
home. iii. Harry Johnson, iv. Joseph 
Welton, died in childhood, v. Percy R., 
United States Army. 2. Emily J., men- 
tioned below. 3. Ellen Caroline, who mar- 
ried James E. Coer, of Waterbury. 4. 
George Richard, now deceased ; married 



Nellie C. Webster, of Thomaston ; their 
daughter, Gertrude Webster Welton, is a 
graduate of St. Margaret's School, of 
Wellesley College, and the medical de- 
partment of the University of Michigan. 
Miss Welton is now a well known physi- 
cian of New York City, and is in charge 
of the X-ray department of the Polyclinic 
Hospital, of New York. 5. Child, who 
died in infancy. 

(VII) Emily J. Welton, daughter of 
George Wales and Mary (Graham) Wel- 
ton, was born in Waterbury, Connecti- 
cut, August 27, 1845. She married, Octo- 
ber 2, 1884, Edward Laurens Frisbie, of 
Waterbury (see Frisbie VI). 

(The Graham Line). 

Arms — Quarterly, ist and 4th or, on a chief 
sable three escallops of the first, for Graham ; and 
and 3rd argent, three roses gules, barbed and 
seeded proper, for the title of Montrose. 

Crest^A falcon proper, beaked and armed or, 
killing a stork argent, beaked and membered gules. 

Motto — N'oublies. (Do not forget.) 

Few families, says Sir Walter Scott, can 
boast of greater historic renown than that 
of Graham. Great obscurity and numer- 
ous fables invest the origin of the name, 
yet even Sir Robert Douglas repeats the 
old story that the Grahams are descended 
from the famous warrior, Robert Graham, 
who with his men breached the Roman 
wall in 420 and won it the name of 
Graham's Dyke in the time of Fergus II. 
(Graham's Dyke is still the local name for 
the Roman fortified frontier, consisting of 
rampart, forts and road, which ran across 
the narrow isthmus of Scotland from the 
Firth of Clyde and formed the northern 
boundary of Roman Britain.) The first 
authentic appearance of the name in Scot- 
tish history occurs circa 1143-47, when 
William of Graham was one of the wit- 
nesses of David I to the Holyrood Char- 
ter. In this entry the name is spelled 



60 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



De Graeme, which would indicate a local 
origin. The descendants of this progen- 
itor form one of the largest and most 
distinguished families in Scotland. They 
possess the dukedom, marquisates, and 
earldom of Montrose ; marquisate of 
Graham and Buchanan ; earldoms of 
Airth, Kincardine, Monteith, and Strath- 
ern ; viscountcies of Dundas, Dundee and 
Preston ; lordships of Aberuthven, Kil- 
point, etc ; barony of Esk, etc. 

The American families of the name de- 
scend from several unrelated progenitors. 
Connecticut and Massachusetts boast 
many distinguished Graham families. 
Tradition has it that the Grahams of Con- 
necticut descend from three brothers. One 
of the first of the name to settle within 
the limits of the colony was Benjamin 
Graham, of Hartford. Several members 
of the family rendered valiant service dur- 
ing the American Revolution. Mrs. Emily 
J. (Welton) Frisbie, widow of the late 
Edward L. Frisbie, of Waterbury, Con- 
necticut (see Frisbie VI), descends ma- 
ternally from the Graham family. 

(I) Jesse Graham, great-grandfather of 
Mrs. Frisbie, was born in 1761, and was 
but fifteen years of age on the outbreak 
of the American Revolution. He enlisted 
as a drummer-boy, however, and his name 
appears on the payroll of the Fourth Con- 
necticut Regiment, Colonel Zebulon But- 
ler commanding, as having received pay 
from January i, 1781, to December 31, 
1781. His name again appears on the 
Census of Pensions, as returned under 
Act for Taking the Sixth Census in 1840, 
at which time he was a resident of Chath- 
am, in Middlesex County, and was sev- 
enty-nine years old. Jesse Graham was 
a farmer and well-known resident of 
Chatham for several decades. He mar- 
ried, and among his children was Cyrus, 
mentioned below. 



(II) Cyrus Graham, son of Jesse 
Graham, was a well-known resident of 
West Hartford, Connecticut. He married 
Fanny Curtis, and they were the parents 
of Mary, mentioned below. 

(HI) Mary Graham, daughter of Cyrus 
and Fannie (Curtis) Graham, was born 
May 18, 1817, and died February 13, 1892. 
She married, December 22, 1840, George 
Wales Welton, of Waterbury, Connecti- 
cut (see Welton VI). 

(IV) Emily J. Welton, daughter of 
George Wales and Mary (Graham) Wel- 
ton, became the wife of the late Edward 
Laurens Frisbie, of Waterbury (see Fris- 
bie VI). 

(The Wakelee Line). 

Arms — Argent, on a cross sable five lions ram- 
pant or. 

Crest — A lion rampant or, in the dexter paw a 
tulip gules slipped vert. 

The origin of this surname is seen in 
the Anglo-Saxon waecan or tvaeccan, 
meaning to watch. This took a diminu- 
tive form in the eighth century in the 
early Teutonic as Wachilo, which became 
Wakley, Weekly, Wakelin, and Wakelen. 
Wakley and Weekly appear in Devon- 
shire and Kent, respectively. Waklyn, 
Wakelyn and Wakelen appear in Derby- 
shire and Northampton. Hugh Waklyn, 
of Eden in Devonshire, lived in the fif- 
teenth century and in Sutton Hundred in 
Northamptonshire. Thomas Wakelin ap- 
pears as early as 1375. Thomas Wakely, 
of Devonshire, was a member of Parlia- 
ment for Navan, in that shire in 1585. 

(I) Henry Wakelyn or Wakelee, as the 
name was afterwards written, held land 
in Hartford, Connecticut, and was one of 
the first settlers of Stratford, appearing 
there before 1650. He held home lot No. 
15 on Main Street in Stratford. His wife 
was a widow when she married him, as 
Henry Wakelyn was administrator to the 



61 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



estate of his wife's other husband, May 
15, 1650. He is called of Hartford. His 
wife's name was Sarah, and she was liv- 
ing in 171 1. Henry Wakelee died in 1689 ; 
his will was probated July 11, 1689. Chil- 
dren : I. Deliverance, married, Decem- 
ber 13, 1678, Hannah Nash. 2. James, of 
whom further. 3. Jacob, married Han- 
nah Peet. 4. Patience, married Timothy 
Titterton. 5. Abigail, born in 1666, mar- 
ried John Beardsley. 6. Mary, married a 
Stevens. 7. Mercy. 

(II) James Wakelee, son of Henry and 
Sarah Wakelee, of Stratford, Connecticut, 
was born about 1658, and died about 1710. 
He married (second) Hannah Griffin, 
February 26, 1701-02. Children: i. James, 
born December 28, 1688. 2. Joseph, bap- 
tized in June, 1689. 3. Henry, born May 
15, 1691. 4. Ebenezer, of whom further. 
5. Hannah, married, in 1728, Nehemiah 
Allen. 

(HI) Ebenezer Wakelee, son of James 
Wakelee, removed to Wolcott, Connecti- 
cut, which was at that time called "Big 
Plains." He was one of the earliest set- 
tlers there, and held considerable property 
in the town. He married Elizabeth Nich- 
ols, daughter of Joseph Nichols, of Water- 
bury, Connecticut. Children: i. David, 
married, February 21, 1788, Mary Parker. 
2. Elizabeth, of whom further. 3. Sarah, 
married, November 20, 1777, Josiah 
Barnes. 

(IV) Elizabeth Wakelee, daughter of 
Ebenezer and Elizabeth (Nichols) Wake- 
lee, married, in 1769, Reuben Frisbie, son 
of Elijah Frisbie (see Frisbie III). 

(The Hill Une). 

Arms — Gules, two bars ermine, in chief, a lion 
passant or. 

Crest — A lion passant or, holding in the dexter 
paw a cross gules. 

Hill is one of the oldest of English sur- 
names, and can be said to have been de- 



rived from two sources. The iirst is 
"hill," a derivation characteristic of a lo- 
cality; secondly, it can be said that it 
came from the old Norman hild, which 
means war or strife. Early records in 
the fourteenth century speak of Geoffrey 
de Hil ; and Sir Rowland Hill was Lord 
Mayor of London in 1492. 

(I) Robert Hill, a member of this large 
and noted family, embarked from Eng- 
land, July 14, 1635, in the ship "Defence," 
Edmund Bostocke, master, sailing from 
Boston, Massachusetts. He is called 
twenty years old at this date, and was in 
the service of Craddock, Governor of Mas- 
sachusetts Bay Colony. He was in Bos- 
ton until 1638, and at that time removed 
to the new colony of New Haven, Con- 
necticut, where he was one of the earliest 
settlers. He was a signer of the compact, 
June 4, 1639, and is recorded as having 
inventoried his brother's (John Hill) es- 
tate in 1647. He died in August, 1663. 
He married (second), in 1662, Adeline, 
widow of Robert Johnson. Children: i. 
Abiah, baptized January 23, 1648; died 
young. 2. John, of whom further. 3. Han- 
nah, born January 18; baptized January- 
's, 1653. 4. Ebenezer, baptized Augfust 
12, 1655 ; married Mercy Brooks, in 1677. 
5. Nathaniel, born May 22, 1659; died 
young. 

(II) John Hill, son of Robert Hill, was 
born in New Haven, Connecticut, June 10, 
1651, and was baptized January 12, 1652. 
He married Hannah Grannis, daughter of 
Edward and Hannah (Wakefield) Gran- 
nis, January 12, 1681. Children: i. Abi- 
gail, born December 24, 1681. 2. Sarah, 
born January 29, 1684. 3. John, born No- 
vember 5, 1687. 4. Mehitable, bom in 
August, 1690. 5. Obadiah, of whom fur- 
ther. 6. Stephen, born December, 1702. 

(III) Obadiah Hill, son of John and 
Hannah (Grannis) Hill, was bom in New 



62 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Haven, Connecticut, October, 1697. He 
was living in 1755. He married Hannah 
Frost, daughter of Ebenezer and Mary 
(Tuttle) Frost, who was born in June, 
1706. Children : i. Eunice, born March 
28, 1 73 1. 2. Sarah, born May 20, 1732. 3. 
Mary, born October 5, 1733. 4. Lieuten- 
ant Jared, of whom further. 

(IV) Lieutenant Jared Hill, son of Oba- 
diah and Hannah (Frost) Hill, was born 
in North Haven. Connecticut, August 10, 
1736. He was a private in the French and 
Indian War and was a lieutenant in the 
Revolution. He removed to Waterbury, 
Connecticut, in 1784, and purchased a 
farm on East Mountain. He died April 
20, 1816. He married Eunice Tuttle, 
daughter of Daniel and Mary (Mansfield) 
Tuttle, who lived to be very old, and died 
in 1829, aged ninety years (born in 1739). 
She was a person of rare qualities of head 
and heart, distinguished for her beauty 
and courage (see Tuttle V). Children: i. 
Obadiah. 2. Charles, died in Cheshire, 
Connecticut. 3. Hannah, married Thomas 
Welton. 4. Eunice, of whom further. 5. 
Jared. 6. David. 7. Samuel Mansfield. 
8. Lydia, baptized July 6, 1796. 9. Sam- 
uel, baptized July 6, 1796. And other 
children. 

(V) Eunice Hill, daughter of Lieuten- 
ant Jared and Eunice (Tuttle) Hill, mar- 
ried Daniel Frisbie (see Frisbie IV). 

(The Culver Line). 

Crest — A dexter cubit arm holding in the hand 
a club proper underneath the crest an empty shield 
argent. 

This patronymic is derived from the 
word Colver, meaning a pigeon or dove. 
The name, although not very numerous 
in England, appears there in the early six- 
teenth century. William Culvere is an 
early name mentioned in the Hundred 
Rolls. 

(I) Edward Colver, the Puritan foun- 



der of this family, emigrated to this coun- 
try with John Winthrop, the younger son 
of the Governor John Winthrop. He was 
a member of the Massachusetts Bay Col- 
ony in 1635 and settled in Dedham, Mas- 
sachusetts. He participated in King Phil- 
ip's War. He removed to Roxbury be- 
tween 1644 and 1648, and finally to Mystic, 
Connecticut. He died there in 1685, aged 
about eighty-five years. He married, in 
Dedham, Massachusetts, September 19, 
1638, Ann, daughter of John Ellis. Chil- 
dren: I. John, born April 15, 1640; bap- 
tized September 19, 1641, at Dedham, 
Massachusetts. 2. Joshua, of whom fur- 
ther. 3. Samuel, born January 9, 1644; 
baptized January 29, i6zj4. 4. Joseph, bap- 
tized at Dedham, September 20, 1646. 5. 
Gershom, baptized at Roxbury, Massa- 
chusetts, December 3, 1648. 6. Infant 
daughter, baptized at Roxbury, April il, 
1652. 7. Edward, Jr., born about 1654. 

(II) Joshua Colver, son of Edward and 
Ann (Ellis) Colver, was born at Dedham, 
Massachusetts, January 12, 1642. He died 
at Wallingford, Connecticut, April 23, 
171 3. He married, December 23, 1672, 
Elizabeth Ford, daughter of Timothy 
Ford. Children : i. Elizabeth, born Oc- 
tober 7, 1673 ; died May 2, 1676. 2. Ann, 
born May 15, 1677; died September 8, 
1677. 3. Elizabeth, born August 21, 1678; 
died April 19, 1704. 4. Joshua, born Sep- 
tember 21, 1684. 5. Samuel, of whom 
further. 6. Abigail, born December 26, 
1686. 7. Sarah, born January 23, 1688. 8. 
Ephraim, born September 7, 1692. 

(III) Samuel Culver (as this line uses 
the name), son of Joshua and Elizabeth 
(Ford) Colver, was born in Wallingford, 
Connecticut, September 21, 1684, twin 
with his brother Joshua. He died July 4, 
1750. He married (first) Sarah, who died 
January 18, 1727; and (second), January 
3, 1728, Ruth Sedgwick. Children (by 



63 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



first marriagfe) : i. Elizabeth, born Febru- 
ary 12, 1715; married (first) Isaac Brack- 
ett; (second) Daniel Frisbie, May 4, 1748. 

2. Sarah, born December 23, 1716; mar- 
ried, June 18, 1740, Moses Cook ; died at 
Waterbury, Connecticut, January 4, 1760. 

3. Abigail, of whom further. 4. Esther, 
born March 17, 1721 ; died May 5, 1741. 
5. Caleb, born February 18, 1723. 6. 
Enoch, born January 30, 1725. 7. Eben- 
ezer, born December 9, 1726. Children 
(by second marriage) : 8. Samuel, born 
September 25, 1728; served in the Revo- 
lution. 9. Anna, born October 3, 1732; 
married, December 25, 1751, Stephen 
Cook. She died December 10, 1769. 

(IV) Abigail Culver, daughter of Sam- 
uel and Sarah Culver, vi^as born December 
17, 1718. She married Elijah Frisbie (see 
Frisbie II). 

(The Tuttle Line). 

Arms — Azure, on a bend doubly cotised argent 
a Hon passant, sable. 

Crest — On a mount vert, a bird, proper, in the 
beak a branch of olive, fruited, or. 

Motto — Pax. 

The derivation of this name is seen in 
very ancient application of tot and tut, 
which was evolved from Teutates, the 
name of a Celtic God. The root may be 
seen in the Greek theos, or deity. The 
combination of tut with hill, to form Tut- 
hill ; or "the hill of God" has been applied 
to certain hills and places in England. 
Examples are Tutnall, Tetnall, and Tar- 
tenhill. Tuthill, or Tuttle, as a patro- 
nymic, is thus traced back in this manner, 
and is truly a grand old name. Tuthill, 
Tuttil, Tutoll, Tottle, Tuttle, Tatyle, 
Totehall, etc., are some of the varieties 
under which it presents itself. 

The English Tothills lived in Devon, 
beginning with the fifteenth century. 
Geoflrey Tothill was alderman of Exeter ; 
one branch of the family was related to 



the Drake family, a member of which was 
Sir Francis Drake, of explorer fame. 

(I) William Tuttle, the ancestor of 
this Tuttle family, came to Boston, Mas- 
sachusetts, in July, 1635. He was desig- 
nated by the appellation of Mr., removed 
from Boston in 1638 to Quinnipiac, and 
thence, in 1641, to Hartford, Connecticut. 
He died in June, 1673, and his widow was 
granted the administration of his estate. 
He married Elizabeth, who died Decem- 
ber 30, 1684, aged seventy-two years. 
Children: i. John, of whom further. 2. 
Hannah, born in England, in 1632-33; 
married (first) in 1649, John Pantrey; 
married (second) June 23, 1654, Thomas 
Wells, Jr. 3. Thomas, born in England, in 
1634-35; married, May 24, 1661, Hannah 
Powell. 4. Jonathan, baptized in Charles- 
town, Massachusetts, July 8, 1637; mar- 
ried Rebecca Bell. 5. David, baptized in 
Charlestown, Massachusetts, April 7, 
1639. He died unmarried in 1693. 6. 
Joseph, baptized in New Haven, Connect- 
icut, November 22, 1640 ; married, May 
2, 1667, Hannah Munson. 7. Sarah, bap- 
tized in New Haven, in April, 1642 ; mar- 
ried, November 22, 1663, John Slauson. 
8. Elizabeth, baptized in New Haven, No- 
vember 9, 1645 ; married, November 19, 
1667, Richard Edwards. 9. Simon, bap- 
tized March 28, 1647. lO- Benjamin, bap- 
tized October 29, 1648; died (s. p.) June 
13, 1677. II. Mercy, born April 27, bap- 
tized May 19, 1650; married. May 2, 1667, 
Samuel Brown. 12. Nathaniel, baptized 
February 29, 1652; married, August 10, 
1682, Sarah Howe. 

(II) John Tuttle, son of William and 
Elizabeth Tuttle, was born in England in 
1631, and died in East Haven, Connecti- 
cut, November 12, 1683. He had a house 
and lot in East Haven, which he sold in 
1662. The inventory of his estate gives 
his wealth as being estimated at seventy- 

64 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



nine pounds. He married, November 8, 
1653, Catherine or Kattareen Lane, per- 
haps daughter of John Lane, who was of 
Milford in 1640. Children: i. Hannah, 
born November 2, 1655 ; married, Novem- 
ber 7, 1672, Samuel Clark. 2. John, born 
September 15, 1657; married. May 29, 
1689, Mary Burroughs. 3. Samuel, of 
whom further. 4. Sarah, born January 22, 
1661-62; married, September 10, 1685, 
John Humiston. 5. Daniel, born April 13, 
1664. 6. Mary, twin with Daniel. 7. 
Elizabeth, born November 19, baptized 
November 21, 1666; married John Read, 
Jr., of Norwalk. 8. David, born Novem- 
ber 14, 1668. 9. Susanna, who died Octo- 
ber, 1683. 10. James. 

(Ill) Samuel Tuttle, son of John and 
Catherine (Lane) Tuttle, was born Janu- 
ary 9, 1659-60, and died between 1731 and 
1733- He was a stone mason in calling 
and joined the church in New Haven in 
1692. He married (first) Sarah Newman, 
daughter of Samuel Newman, who died ; 
(second) Abigail, daughter of John Frost, 
and widow of Thomas Barnes. Children 
(of first marriage) : i. Mary, born Janu- 
ary 31, 1684; married, October i, 1704, 
Ebenezer Frost. 2. Jemima, born De- 
cember 6, 1686; married, in April, 1707, 
Thomas Jacobs. 3. Stephen, born in 1688; 
married Rachel Mansfield. 4. Abigail, 
born April 4, 1692; married, July 23, 
1717, Daniel Atwater. 5. Martha, born 
March 18, 1694; married, February 15, 
^7^7< John Smith. 6. Josiah, born April 
5, 1696; baptized in December, 1697; mar- 
ried, June II, 1719, Deborah Barnes. 7. 
Sarah, born January 17, 1698 ; married 
John Moulthrop. 8. Daniel, of whom fur- 
ther. 

(IV) Daniel Tuttle, son of Samuel and 
Sarah (Newman) Tuttle, was born Au- 
gust 23, 1702, and died about 1772. He 
married, April 25, 1726, Mary Mansfield, 

Conn. 11 — 5 ^c 



daughter of Samuel Mansfield. Children : 
I. Samuel, born February 12, 1727. 2. Dan- 
iel, married Christian, daughter of Ebe- 
nezer Norton. 3. Mary, married January 
17. 1755. Jacob Brockett. 4. Eunice, of 
whom further. 

(V) Eunice Tuttle, daughter of Daniel 
and Mary (Mansfield) Tuttle, was born 
in 1739. She married Lieutenant Jared 
Hill (see Hill IV). 

(The Fenton Line). 

Arms — Argent, a cross between four fleurs-de- 
lis sable. 

Crest — A fleur-de-lis enfiled with a ducal coro- 
net or. 

Schenck, in the valuable history of Fair- 
field, Connecticut, names Jonathan Fen- 
ton, or Fanton, as an early settler of that 
place, while Holmes, in his "Directory of 
the Ancestral Heads of New England 
Families, 1620-1700," cites Robert Fenton 
as having been at Woburn, Massachu- 
setts, before 1688. The name is not nu- 
merous in New England, but its position 
has been at all times one of honor and 
respect, while alliance through marriage 
has been made with New England's first 
families. 

(I) Jonathan Fenton married (first) 
Sarah, daughter of John and Elizabeth 
(Harvey) Hide, of Fairfield; (second) 
Sarah, daughter of Humphrey Hide, and 
widow of Peter Coley. Children : i. Sarah, 
baptized November 18, 1694. 2. Ellen, 
baptized May 17, 1696. 3. Anne, of whom 
further. 4. Jonathan, baptized September 
22, 1700. 5. Mary, baptized May 2, 1703. 
6. John, baptized January 5, 1706-07; died 
young. 7. John, baptized October 10, 
1708. 

(II) Anne Fenton, daughter of Jona- 
than Fenton, was baptized August 14, 
1698. She married Richard Welton (see 
Welton III). 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(The Hlckcox Line). 

Hickcox-Heacock Arms — Erminois, an elephant 
azure on a chief of the second a sun between two 
beehives or. 

Crest — A hind sejant reguardant erminois col- 
lared gules, reposing his dexter foot on a bee- 
hive or. 

This name comes from an old German 
word, ikiko, contemporary in the tenth 
century, which is a diminutive form of the 
old Friesian ig, a point, sharp edge ; i. e., 
a little sword. This form developed 
through the English as Heacock and Hic- 
kock. The name itself is subject to a great 
variety of forms. These range from 
Hitchcock, Hickock, down to Hickox, 
Hicks and Heacock. In this line the pat- 
ronymic is spelled Hickcox. 

William Hickcox appears as "Mr. Hick- 
cock" in New Haven as early as 1643, but 
returned to England in 1648. On October 
9, 1673, the General Court at Hartford 
received a petition from twenty-six people 
for a plantation in a "place called by ye 
Indians Matitacook" (Mattatuck). Sam- 
uel and Joseph Hickcox were signers in 
this petition. 

(I) Sergeant Samuel Hickcox and Jo- 
seph Hickcox were very probably sons of 
"Mr." William Hickcox, of New Haven, 
Connecticut, and came to Waterbury 
when that town was founded. Samuel 
Hickcox and John Welton held the office 
of Townsmen or selectmen in 1680, and 
Samuel was one of the most influential 
men in the town. He was sergeant in 
the trainband, and from this time, 1686, 
he was known as Sergeant Samuel Hick- 
cox. The inventory of his estate was 
taken February 28, 1694-95. He married 
Hannah. Children: i. Samuel, born in 
1668; married Elizabeth Plumb. 2. Han- 
nah, born in 1670; married John Dudd. 3. 
Sergeant William, of whom further. 4. 
Thomas, born in 1674; married Mary 



Brunson, March 27, 1700; he died June 28, 
1728. 5. Joseph, born in 1677. 6. Mary, 
born in 1680; married John Bronson. 7. 
Elizabeth, born in 1682; married J. Nor- 
ton. 8. Stephen, born in 1683. 9. Ben- 
jamin, born in 1685. 10. Mercy, born in 
1688. II. Ebenezer, born in 1692. 

(II) Captain William Hickcox, son of 
Sergeant Samuel and Hannah Hickcox, 
was born in Waterbury, Connecticut, in 
1673, and died November 4, 1737, and was 
buried the following day. He was a propri- 
etor and a man of note, grand juror, sur- 
veyor, constable, townsman many times, 
captain in 1727, and deputy in 1728. He 
was always known as captain. He mar- 
ried Rebecca Andrews, daughter of Abra- 
ham and Rebecca Andrews, who was born 
December 16, 1762. Children: i. William, 
born February 14, 1699; died April 12, 
1713. 2. Captain Samuel, of whom fur- 
ther. 3. Abraham, born April 5, 1704; 
died March 16, 1713. 4. John, born May 
8, 1706; died April 26, 1713. 5. Rebec- 
ca, born March 29, 1708; married Caleb 
Thompson, August 16, 1731. 6. Rachel, 
born May 16, 1710; married Jonathan 
Prindle. 7. Hannah, born June 7, 1714; 
married David Scott. 

(III) Captain Samuel Hickcox, son of 
William and Rebecca (Andrews) Hick- 
cox, was born May 26, 1702, and died May 
13, 1765. He was called Captain Hickcox, 
and he was the only son of William Hick- 
cox to survive the great sickness of 1713. 
He married Mary Hopkins, daughter of 
John Hopkins, who died August 19, 1768. 
Children : i. Mary, born October 30, 1721 ; 
married Richard Seymour. 2. Mehitable, 
born November 22, 1723 ; married Stephen 
Seymour. 3. William, born January 14, 
1725-26. 4. Abraham, born January il, 
1727-28. 5. John, born July 25, 1730. 6. 
Samuel, born September 8, 1733. 7. Dor- 
cas, of whom further. 



66 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(IV) Dorcas Hickcox, daughter of Cap- 
tain Samuel and Mary (Hopkins) Hick- 
cox, was born July ii, 1736. She married 
Captain John Welton (see Welton IV). 

(The Porter Line). 

Arms — Argent, on a fesse sable between two 
barrulets or three church bells of the first. 
Crest — A portcullis argent chained or. 
Motto — Vigilantia et virtute. 

This name is classified as a surname of 
office, and Wybert le Portere or Porteri- 
ous is an early specimen of this name. It 
is an ancient English family, founded 
by William de la Grande, who came to 
Britain with William the Conqueror. 
Ralph, or Roger, la Grande was Keeper 
of the Doors, Grant Porteur at the court 
of Henry I. 

(I) Dr. Daniel Porter, who appears 
early in the colony of Waterbury, Con- 
necticut, was the first ancestor of this 
branch of the Porter family in America. 
He was a physician, licensed to practice 
physic and chirurgery in 1654 by the Gen- 
eral Court. He died in 1690. He mar- 
ried Mary , and they were the par- 
ents of seven children: i. Dr. Daniel, of 
whom further. 2. Mary, born February 
5, 1654-55 ; married Eleazer Knowles, of 
Woodbury. 3. Nehemiah, born October 
24, 1656 ; married Hannah Lum, of Wood- 
bury. 4. Richard, born March 24, 1658. 
5. Anne, born in 1660-61 ; not married. 6. 
John, born November 14, 1662; married 
(first) Rebecca Woodford, and (second) 
Martha North. 7. Samuel, born October 
24, 1665 ; married Abigail Humphreys, 
and died March 25, 1736. 

(II) Dr. Daniel Porter, son of Dr. Dan- 
iel and Mary Porter, was born in Water- 
bury, Connecticut, February 2, 1652-53. 
He died January 18, 1726-27. He signed 
the articles in 1674, and was proprietor 
in Waterbury. He was, as was his father 



before him, a doctor; was surveyor in 
1699 and 1719; and on the School Com- 
mittee in 1706. He married Deborah Hol- 
comb, who died May 4, 1765, aged ninety- 
three years. Children : i. Daniel, of whom 
further. 2. James, born April 20, 1700 ; 
died March 20, 1785. 3. Thomas, born 
April I, 1702; died January, 1797. 4. De- 
borah, born March 6, 1703-04; married 
James Baldwin. 5. Ebenezer, born De- 
cember 24, 1708; married Mary, daughter 
of John Hull, of New Haven. 6. Ann, 
born April 28, 1712; married (first) 
Thomas Judd, and (second) James Nich- 
ols. 

(III) Dr. Daniel Porter, son of Dr. 
Daniel and Deborah (Holcomb) Porter, 
was born in Waterbury, Connecticut, 
March 5, 1699, and died November 14, 
1772. He succeeded to his father's busi- 
ness and skill, and his father conveyed to 
him a house and lot on East Main and 
Mill streets. He married (first) Hannah 
Hopkins, daughter of John Hopkins, June 
13, 1728. She died December 31, 1739, 

and he married (second) Joanna . 

Children of first marriage: i. Preserved, 
born November 23, 1729. 2. Dr. Daniel 
born March 8, 1731 ; died, unmarried, of 
smallpox, at Crownpoint, in 1759. 3. Han- 
nah, born June 16, 1733 ; married Obadiah 
Scovill. 4. Dr. Timothy, of whom further. 
5. Susanna, born July 7, 1737; married 
(first) Daniel Killum ; (second) John Cos- 
set. 6. Anna, born December 6, 1738; 
married David Bronson. 

(IV) Dr. Timothy Porter, son of Dr. 
Daniel and Hannah (Hopkins) Porter, 
was born June 19, 1735, and died January 
24, 1792. He married Margaret Skinner, 
daughter of Gideon Skinner. She was 
born in 1739, and died in 1813. Children: 
I. Daniel, born September 23, 1768. 2. 
Sylvia C, born February 24, 1771. 3. Dr. 
Joseph, born September 3, 1772; married 



67 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Levinia Porter, daughter of Preserved 
Porter. 4. Olive, born July 26, 1775 ; mar- 
ried Moses Hall. 5. Anna, of whom fur- 
ther. 6. Chauncey, born April 24, 1779. 
7. Timothy Hopkins, born November 28, 

1785- 

(V) Anna Porter, daughter of Dr. Tim- 
othy and Margaret (Skinner) Porter, was 
born April 5, 1777. She married Richard 
Fenton Welton (see Welton V). 

References — Ferguson's "Names," Marshall's 
"Genealogical Guide," Orcutt's "Stratford," Sav- 
age's "Genealogical Dictionary," Manwaring's 
"Hartford (Connecticut) Probate Records," Or- 
cutt's "Walcott," Hosley's "Dr. William Hill," 
Hotten's "Emigrants," Hoadley's "New Haven 
Colonial Records," Grannis Family, New Haven 
Vital Records, Tuttle "Genealogy," Anderson's 
"Waterbury, Connecticut," Culver "Genealogy," 
Holmes' "Ancestral Heads of New England Fami- 
lies," Bronson's "Waterbury," Schenck's "Fair- 
field," "American Families," Burke's "General 
Armory," Matthews' "American Armory," Family 
data. 



GODFREY, Charles CartUdge, M. D. 

Physician, Snrgeon. 

Since 1685, Fairfield County, Connecti- 
cut, has not been without its Godfrey 
families and since 1688 Greens Farms has 
been the family seat. There Christopher 
Godfrey owned land in 1686, and there 
generation after generation of the ances- 
tors of Dr. Charles C. Godfrey owned the 
land and tilled the soil. Christopher God- 
frey was succeeded by his son, Chris- 
topher Godfrey, who married Margery 
Sturgess of Fairfield, and had issue, in- 
cluding a son. Lieutenant Nathan God- 
frey, born September 25, 1719, who be- 
came one of the wealthiest and most in- 
fluential men of Greens Farms. His 
homestead was near the summit of Clap- 
board Hill and in 1779 was burned by 
British soldiers. During the French and 
Indian War in 1756 he was a lieutenant 
and was at the storming of Crown Point 
and Ticonderoga. His son Benjamin died 



while serving in the Continental Army. 
Lieutenant Nathan Godfrey had by his 
second wife, Mrs. Sarah (Andrews) Nash, 
a son Jonathan (i) Godfrey, who was the 
father of Jonathan (2), father of Rev. 
Jonathan, and grandfather of Dr. Charles 
C. Godfrey. 

Jonathan (2) Godfrey, of Greens Farms, 
was born there June 2, 1798, died August 
3, 1882. Like his grandfather. Lieutenant 
Nathan Godfrey, he was a man of wealth 
and influence in his community, active in 
church, charity and public life. He was 
representative from the town of Fairfield 
for several terms and held many other 
offices. He married, January 19, 1823, 
Elizabeth Hubbell, of Southport, daugh- 
ter of Aaron and Elizabeth Hubbell, of 
Southport, town of Fairfield. Their adult 
children were : Rev. Jonathan, mentioned 
below ; Elizabeth, the author of a "His- 
tory of Fairfield," married Adrian V. S. 
Schenck, son of Dr. Ferdinand S. Schenck 
of New Jersey ; Samuel H., married Har- 
riet A. Godfrey ; Mary Catherine, married 
Calvin G. Childs, of Norwalk, Connecti- 
cut. 

Rev. Jonathan Godfrey, of the sixth 
American generation, was born at the 
village of Southport, town and county of 
Fairfield, Connecticut, February 11, 1820, 
died January 22, 1865, and is buried at 
Fairfield. After completing public school 
study he entered Trinity College, Hart- 
ford, there pursuing a full course, termin- 
ating with graduation. He then took a 
course in divinity, was ordained a priest 
of the Protestant Episcopal Church and 
for several years was rector of the Say- 
brook Church. Prior to i860 his health 
failed and he removed to Aiken, South I 
Carolina, but the outbreak of the Civil 
War in 1861 caused the family's return 
to Southport, where he died in 1865. He 
married Mary Cartlidge, born at Lynde 



68 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Green, in StaflFordshire, England, died in 
Fairfield, in August, 1867, four children 
surviving their parents : Dr. Charles C, 
mentioned below ; Jonathan, a resident of 
Bridgeport; Adrian, died in 1899; ^"^ 
Alice A. 

Dr. Charles C. Godfrey was born in 
Saybrook, Connecticut, February 3, 1855. 
Soon afterward his family moved to 
Aiken, South Carolina, for the father's 
health, but returned in 1861, locating at 
the family homestead in Southport, where 
the lad Charles C. attended both public 
and private schools. He continued his 
preparatory study in Greenfield, Connect- 
icut, and at military school in Hartford, 
after which he entered Sheffield Scientific 
School, Yale University, where he spec- 
ialized in chemistry and from whence he 
was graduated Ph. B. class of '^j. De- 
ciding upon the profession of medicine, 
he began study under the direction of Dr. 
Robert Hubbard, of Bridgeport, in 1881, 
attended lecture courses at the College of 
Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia Uni- 
versity, that institution conferring upon 
him the degree of M. D. in 1883. He also 
did post-graduate work at Dartmouth 
College, receiving an additional Ph. B. 

His long and thorough course of prep- 
aration ended, Dr. Godfrey, on January 
I, 1884, began the practice of his profes- 
sion in Bridgeport in association with 
his former preceptor. Dr. Robert Hub- 
bard. For thirteen years they practiced 
together until 1897 when the death of the 
senior member dissolved the bond. Dr. 
Godfrey soon afterward admitted Dr. Ed- 
ward M. Smith as partner and together 
they have continued until the present. 

Dr. Godfrey ranks high as a physician 
and surgeon, has a large clientele, whose 
perfect confidence he has won, and has 
taken an active part in institutional work. 
He is a member of the surgical staff of 



the Bridgeport and St. Vincent hospitals ; 
is an ex-president of the Fairfield County 
Medical Society ; member and ex-presi- 
dent of the Bridgeport Scientific Society ; 
American Medical Association ; Connect- 
icut State Medical Society ; New York 
Academy of Medicine ; and the Associa- 
tion of Military Surgeons of the United 
States. From 1890-93 he was surgeon of 
the Fourth Regiment, Connecticut Na- 
tional Guard, and in 1903-04, surgeon 
general of the State of Connecticut with 
the rank of Colonel, member of the staff 
of Governor Chamberlain. 

Himself a man of high intellectual at- 
tainments. Dr. Godfrey has ever been the 
friend of the cause of education and as a 
member of the Board of Education, and 
its vice-president, strove to advance the 
efficiency of the public schools of the city. 
A Republican in politics, he has repre- 
sented his city in the State Legislature, 
and in 1892-93 was a member of the Board 
of Aldermen. The care of his large prac- 
tice and the pubic service he has rendered 
has not excluded him from the social 
life of his city but, on the contrary, he 
has given that side of his nature full 
opportunity to develop. He is a member 
of St. John's Lodge, Free and Accepted 
Masons ; Jerusalem Chapter, Royal Arch 
Masons ; Jerusalem Council, Royal and 
Select Masters ; Hamilton Commandery 
Knights Templar ; and in Scottish Rite 
Masonry has attained the thirty-second 
degree. His clubs are the Brooklawn 
Country, University, Republican, and Al- 
gonquin. The current of his life flows 
smoothly on, professional eminence is his, 
the regard of his fellow-citizens has been 
amply attested, and a retrospective view 
of his more than thirty years of life in 
Bridgeport can bring him naught but sat- 
isfaction. 

Dr. Godfrey married, April 30, 1885, 



69 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Caroline St. Leon Sumner, born at Great 
Batrington, Maslsachusetts, September lo, 
1858, daughter of Colonel Samuel B. Sum- 
ner of Bridgeport. They are the parents 
of a daughter, Carrie Lucille Godfrey. 



CHILD, Chester R., 

Iiumber Dealer, Financier. 

Chester E. Child, late of Putnam, Con- 
necticut, ranks in that city's history as 
one of its most prominent citizens, he 
having done much to aid in the city's 
commercial and financial progress. 

Chester E. Child was born on the old 
Child family homestead at North Wood- 
stock, Connecticut, August i, 1872, a son 
of Ezra Carpenter and Abby E. (Child) 
Child. The father was a native of Wood- 
stock, and a descendant of one of Con- 
necticut's oldest families. His entire life 
was devoted to farming, although his com- 
munity interests led him to enter public 
life at different times when he filled the 
position of selectman and other offices in 
his town. He died in Woodstock in 1876. 
His wife was also a native of Woodstock, 
but now lives in Putnam. 

The son, Chester E. Child, lived on the 
old farm until he was eleven years of age, 
when he removed to Putnam. There he 
completed his education in the city and 
high schools, after which he took up the 
profession of teaching. He taught school 
in Pomfret Center for six weeks, when he 
was offered a position by the officials of 
the First National Bank. The offer 
seemed promising, so in 1889 he resigned 
his position as teacher and took up that of 
clerk in the First National Bank, where 
he remained continuously until his resig- 
nation, November i, 1898, at which time 
he held the position of paying teller. He 
resigned, however, to enter the lumber 
business, and later organized the Child 



Lumber Corporation, with which com- 
pany he was actively connected for a 
number of years and developed many 
business interests of importance. In fact, 
from the time when he entered upon this 
active connection with business interests 
in Putnam until his death, he occupied a 
central place in the city's activities, and 
his interests were ever of a character that 
contributed to public progress and im- 
provement as well as to individual suc- 
cess. In July, 1915, he became president 
of the Putnam Savings Bank, and re- 
mained at the head of that institution un- 
til his demise on May 10, 1917, bending 
his efforts to executive direction and ad- 
ministrative control. He recognized the 
fact that the bank which most carefully 
safeguards the interests of its depositors 
is most worthy of public patronage, and 
he did everything in his power to render 
the patrons of the bank secure. 

Politically Mr. Child was a staunch Re- 
publican, believing firmly in the principles 
of the party, but he never cared to accept 
an office. He held membership in the 
Second Congregational Church, and his 
entire life was guided by its teachings. In 
fact, to know him was to respect and 
honor him, for his career at all times 
measured up to the highest standards of 
manhood and of citizenship, and the same 
irreproachable rules governed him in his 
business relations and his home associa- 
tions. 

On November 8, 1895, Mr. Child mar- 
ried Annie Chandler Carpenter, of Put- 
nam, Connecticut, who was born, reared 
and educated in that city, a daughter of 
John Anthony and Marcia J. (Chandler) 
Carpenter. Mr. Carpenter has always 
been spoken of as one of Putnam's lead- 
ing citizens, and he is also a descendant of 
one of New England's old families. A 
more detailed account of the Carpenter 
70 




M^ ^. 




^nx^tnitt" 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ancestry follows in this work. Mr. and 
Mrs. Child became the parents of four 
children, all born in Putnam : Ruth Car- 
penter, born December 23, 1899; Bertha 
Elizabeth, born December 19, 1906; Edith 
Whitney, born December 12, 1907; Don- 
ald Ezra, born January 29, 1909. 

(The Carpenter Line). 

"The noble family of Carpenters, from 
which the Earl of Tyrconnel is descended, 
is of great antiquity in the County of 
Hereford and other parts of England. In 
1303 (the twentieth year of the reign of 
Edward I), John Carpenter appeared. He 
was a member of Parliament in 1323, for 
the borough of Leskard, in Cornwall, as 
two years afterwards was Stephen Car- 
penter, for Credition, in the County of 
Devon, in 1325, (the ninth year of the 
reign of Edward II). 

"Henry Carpenter served, in 1418, for 
the town of Derby in the thirty-fifth year 
of Henry V." Playfair's British Antiqui- 
ties. 

The Tyrconnel branch is descended 
from William Carpenter, of Homme, who 
resided in the parish of Dilwyne, in Here- 
fordshire. He died in 1520. He had a 
son, James Carpenter, who died in 1537. 
This James Carpenter had a son, John 
Carpenter, who died in 1540 and left a son, 
William Carpenter, the most prominent 
ancestor of the Tyrconnel Carpenters, 
who died in 1550. From this William 
Carpenter our family also claims descent. 
The family remained country gentlemen 
for six generations, until the birth of 
Thomas Carpenter, who bequeathed his 
estate on his death in 1773 to a second 
cousin, George Carf>enter, who became 
the first Lord Carpenter. In 1761, the 
Earldom of Tryconnel in Ireland was 
given to a third George Carpenter. This 
branch finally became extinct in 1853. See 



Davis & Owne's New Peerage, also 
Burke's Peerage and Baronetage. The 
coat-of-arms of the Carpenter family is 
as follows : 

Arms— Argent, a greyhound passant, and chief 
sable. 

Crest — A greyhound's head erased, per fesse sable 
and argent. 

From the meagre materials at hand it is 
impossible for us to establish, with that 
degree of precision we should like, the 
connection between the English Carpen- 
ters and William Carpenter, the ancestor 
of the family in America, who came to 
Weymouth, Massachusetts, in 1638, in the 
ship "Bevis." But we think we have in- 
formation enough to show beyond a rea- 
sonable doubt that the break of a hundred 
years or so between John Carpenter, Sr. 
(a brother of John Carpenter, the town 
clerk of London), and William Carpenter, 
who is acknowledged to be the ancestor 
of the American family, can be satisfac- 
torily filled. This granted, we can trace 
the family back to John Carpenter, of 
1303, the head of the ancient line in Here- 
fordshire in the parish of Dilwyne, to 
whom the Irish Tyrconnels trace their 
descent. This Hereford family of Car- 
penters was very prominent in affairs, and 
took an active part in all matters relating 
to the interests of the Crown ; probably 
no family in England stood higher for 
good deeds or received more favors. 
Among the most famous of these Carpen- 
ters was John, town clerk of London, 
who died in 1442. But the English line 
from John Carpenter, 1303, became ex- 
tinct in 1853, and it is in America that the 
continuation of the family must be looked 
for. 

It would not be inappropriate here to 
insert the following extract from the 
"History of the City of London School," 



71 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



concerning John Carpenter, town clerk of 
London : 

The corporation of London, who have good rea- 
son to exult in the eminent position which the City 
of London School has attained under their foster- 
ing care, have, in spirit of just gratitude, honored 
the memory of John Carpenter by causing a statue 
of him to be placed in a conspicuous part of the 
building, with an inscription which presents a faith- 
ful outline of his character and good deeds, and 
will form an appropriate conclusion to the present 
narrative. It occupies five sides of an octagonal 
pedestal and is as follows : 

To the memory of John Carpenter, an eminent 
citizen of London and member of the Company of 
Mercers, who lived during the reigns of Henry V 
and Henry VI and who bequeathed to the corpo- 
ration of this city certain lands and tenements for 
the purpose of maintaining and educating four 
boys and sending them to the Universities ; from 
which bequest resulted the foundation and endow- 
ment of The City of London School under the 
authority of an Act of Parliament A. D. MCCCC- 
XXXIV. He was distinguished by his general 
attainments and learning; his knowledge of the 
laws, customs and privileges of this city; his 
integrity of character, and universal benevolence. 
From his earliest youth he was devoted to the 
service of his fellow-citizens, and throughout the 
course of his life proved himself a ready defender 
of their rights and a zealous promoter of their 
interests. He was elected common clerk or town 
clerk of London, A. D. MCCCCXVII, and held 
that office for twenty-one years, during which 
period he compiled that valuable treatise still extant 
under the title of "Liber Albus." He likewise 
represented the city in Parliament, A. D. MCCCC- 
XXXVI and MCCCCXXXIX. As one of the 
executors of Sir Richard Whittington, he con- 
ferred essential benefits on the city by promoting 
various public works, especially the erection of 
conduits, the rebuilding of Newgate, the enlarge- 
ment of the Hospital of Saint Bartholomew, the 
completion of the Guildhall, and the formation of a 
library attached thereto, to which he subsequently 
bequeathed sundry rare books for the benefit of 
students resorting to the same. In token of his 
eminent services, he was honored both by his sov- 
ereign and fellow-citizens with peculiar immunities 
and privileges. He left munificent bequests to the 
Charterhouse and the Fraternity of Sixty Priests 
in London, of which brotherhood he was a mem- 
ber, as well as to many other religious establish- 
ments and persons; also to the hospitals of Saint 
Mary within Cripplegate, Saint Mary without 
Bishopsgate. Saint Bartholomew in Smithfield, 
Saint Katherine near the Tower, and Saint Thomas 
in Southwark ; to the houses for poor lepers at 
Holborn, Locks and Hackney, and for poor mad- 
men at Bethlem ; to the prisoners in Newgate, 
Ludgate, the Fleet, Marshalsea and King's Bench, 



and the Prison of Convicts at Westminster. He 
died on the Xllthof May MCCCCXLII; and was 
buried before the chancel of the Church of Saint 
Peter, Cornhill, of which parish he was an inhabi- 
tant and a liberal benefactor. Thus his compre- 
hensive charity embraced all the necessities of his 
fellowmen, and the general conduct of his life 
exhibited the character of one who (in the words 
of Holy Writ) desired "To do justly, love mercy 
and walk humbly with his God." 

(I) William Carpenter, the American 
progenitor, was born in 1605 ; his wife 
was Abigail ; she died February 22, 1687 ; 
he died February 7, 1659, in Rehoboth, 
Massachusetts. He was a farmer. He 
was admitted a freeman of Weymouth, 
May 13, 1640; was representative of Wey- 
mouth in 1641 and 1643, ^"d from the 
town of Rehoboth in 1645 ; constable in 
1641. He was admitted as an inhabitant 
of Rehoboth, Massachusetts, March 28, 
1645. In June of the same year he and 
others were made freemen of Rehoboth. 
Governor Bradford (who married his 
cousin Alice) manifested great friendship 
for William Carpenter and favored him 
in all his measures in the Plymouth Court ; 
and ever after that it appears, from all 
their dealings and transactions, whether 
private or public, that they were close 
friends. There is no doubt but that it was 
through the influence of Governor Brad- 
ford and his wife Alice that William Car- 
penter, of Weymouth, was induced to 
come to New England ; and by William 
Carpenter, of Providence, the Seekonk 
Plain was pointed out to his cousin, Wil- 
liam Carpenter, of Weymouth, on account 
of its adaptability as a tract of territory 
for a colony. 

During the two years' residence in 
America, of William Carpenter, of Prov- 
idence (before William Carpenter, of 
Weymouth, came over), he must have 
learned about the soil and location. Soon 
after William Carpenter, of Weymouth, 
landed, his attention was drawn to this 
location, probably by his cousin, and he 



72 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



commenced immediately to go to work 
to secure it ; and there is no doubt but 
that William Carpenter, of Weymouth, 
had as much or more to do in settling a 
colony there than any one of the proprie- 
tors. He was in the colony only three years 
when he was elected to the General Court 
of Plymouth, and no doubt for the pur- 
pose of obtaining permission to make a 
purchase of this territory. In 1641 he 
was representative of Weymouth to the 
General Court, and through his influence 
the permission was granted. The court 
conceded all that he asked, as appears 
from an abstract from the Proprietors 
Record : 

Whereas, The Court of Plymouth was pleased 
in the year 1641 (thereabouts) to grant unto the 
inhabitants of Seekonk (alias Rehoboth) liberty to 
take up a tract of land for their comfortable sub- 
sistence containing a quantity of eight miles square ; 
and the Court was pleased to appoint Mr. John 
Brown and Mr. Edward Winslow to purchase the 
aforesaid tract of land of Asamcum, the chief 
sachem and owner thereof, which accordingly hath 
been effected, and the purchase paid for by the 
aforesaid inhabitants according to the Court order. 

This was the same tract of land selected 
by Roger Williams when driven out of 
the Massachusetts Colony for settlement, 
but when it was found to be in the limits 
of Massachusetts, he removed to Prov- 
idence, Rhode Island. At a meeting of 
the proprietors held in Weymouth before 
the emigration to Rehoboth, the latter 
part of the year 1643, William Carpenter 
was chosen proprietor's clerk. At a sec- 
ond meeting in Weymouth the same year, 
it was voted to divide the real estate of 
Rehoboth according to the person and 
value of each settler. 

The town records of Rehoboth com- 
menced in 1643. The territory of the 
town included what is now called Attle- 
boro, Seekonk, a part of Cumberland, 
Swansey, and East Providence. Many 



of the Carpenter residents of these towns 
are treated as being residents of the old 
town of Rehoboth, though they may re- 
side in some one of the other towns. The 
estate of William Carpenter was valued 
at two hundred and fifty-four pounds and 
ten shillings. He served as proprietor's 
and town clerk from 1643 until 1649. 

William Carpenter, of Weymouth, wit- 
nessed and seems to have drawn the deed 
of a tract of land from the Indians to 
John Tower the elder. His autograph on 
the instrument to which it is attached is 
a most excellent specimen of the chirogra- 
phy of that age. The legal business of the 
town or colony was done principally by 
him ; he was accurate in all his business 
transactions. He paid at one time eight 
pounds and seventeen shillings and three 
pence towards the expenses of King Phil- 
ip's War. He was one of the committee 
to lay out a road from Rehoboth to Ded- 
ham, at an early day. 

In 1645, William Carpenter with others 
was chosen to look after the interests of 
the town, and again in the same year Wil- 
liam Carpenter was chosen with others to 
hear and decide on grievances in regard 
to the division of land by lots ; in the same 
year he was chosen by the town to repre- 
sent them in the court at Plymouth. In 
1647 he was chosen as one of the directors 
of the town ; also again in 1655. The year 
1653 was the first that his name was writ- 
ten William Carpenter, Sr. His son Wil- 
liam would be twenty-one at this date, 
and was a resident of the town. 

The first settlement of the colony of 
Rehoboth consisted of fifty-eight mem- 
bers from Weymouth, Massachusetts, 
who drew lots on the division of lands, 
June 31, 1644. William Carpenter's name 
in that division stands as No. 10. By a 
previous vote of the proprietors in 1643, 
there was a mutual agreement that each 



73 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



man's allotment might be taken up ac- 
cording to his person and estate, and also 
that each should bear his share of the 
public charges both for the present and 
future. In this list the name of William 
Carpenter, individual No. i6, stood as 
No. 48, and the value of his estate was 
estimated at two hundred and fifty-four 
pounds, ten shillings. The houses of this 
colony were built in a semicircle around 
Seekonk Common and open toward See- 
konk River. This semicircle was called 
"The Ring of the Town." 

At a meeting of the proprietors in 1644 
it was voted that nine men should be 
chosen to order the prudential affairs of 
the plantation, and that they should have 
the power to dispose of the lands in lots 
of twelve, eight, or six acres "as in their 
discretion they think the quality of the 
estate of the person do require." This 
applies to house lots. It was further or- 
dered that no person should sell his im- 
provements "except to such as the Town 
shall accept of." It was also ordered that 
"the meeting house shall stand in the 
midst of the town." It appears evident 
by tradition that the first meeting house 
was built in the old graveyard near where 
the tomb now is and probably faced to- 
ward the South. William Carpenter, 
No. 18, and Samuel Carpenter, No. 23, 
were buried near the entrance to the 
church. The residence of William Car- 
penter, No. 16, appears by the description 
given in his will and by tradition to have 
been located in the "Ring" directly east 
of the meeting house. "The 'Ring' at the 
present time (1896) is indicated by tradi- 
tion and by some twelve or more button- 
wood trees that were set out at an early 
day in front of the houses ; the stumps or 
roots of two of the trees are all that is 
left to indicate where William and his 
son Samuel resided." 



At a meeting the same year (1644) it 
was ordered "for the time past and to 
come that all workmen that have worked 
or shall work in any common work or for 
any particular person shall have for their 
wages for each day's work as follows : For 
each laborer from the first day of Novem- 
ber until the first day of February, 18 
pence per day and for the rest of the year 
20 pence per day except in harvest ; for six 
oxen and one man seven shillings and six- 
pence per day, and for eight oxen eight 
shillings. The price fixed for wheat was 
four shillings and six pence per bushel. 
Wampum was fixed at eight for a penny." 

William Carpenter and his wife Abigail 
were the parents of seven children, the 
first three of whom were born in England, 
the next three were born in Weymouth, 
and Samuel, the youngest, was born in 
Rehoboth, Massachusetts. They were: 
John, William, Joseph, Hannah, Abiah, 
Abigail, and Samuel. 

(II) Abiah Carpenter was the twin 
brother of Abigail. They were born in 
Weymouth, April 9, 1643. The New Eng- 
land Register refers to "Abia daughter, 
and Abraham son, born February 9, 1643, 
children of William Carpenter." William 
Carpenter had by his wife Abigail a son 
and daughter born as stated above ; one of 
the two appears on the records sometimes 
as Abiah and sometimes as Abijah, but al- 
ways, on all records except the above, as 
a son and not a daughter. Abraham could 
not be the daughter, therefore our natural 
conclusion is that the name Abigail was 
given wrongly as Abraham when re- 
corded. The records of Rehoboth do not 
mention an Abraham, and in the will of 
William Carpenter we find Abigail men- 
tioned next after Abiah. We can come to 
no rational conclusion but that Abiah and 
Abigail were twins, born as stated above. 
Abiah was probably married, about 1659, 



74 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



as his son Abiah was admitted a freeman 
of Rhode Island in 1681. The indications 
are that he married for his second wife 
a sister of Ann Wickes, the second wife of 
Joseph Carpenter, of Mosquito Cove, 
Long Island, but have been unable to find 
any account of his marriage on the Rec- 
ords of the Providence Plantations. 

William Carpenter, in his will, divided 
his real estate at Pawtuxet between Han- 
nah and Abiah, but gave the largest por- 
tion to Abiah, including the house lot on 
this land which he settled (probably the 
same land that William, his father, bought 
of Benedict Arnold, in 1652). Abiah was 
sixteen years of age when his father died, 
and about this time chose the calling of a 
mariner. Possibly it was for this reason 
that his father left him the "History of 
the World" in his will. Abiah and his 
wife were appointed guardians to Mary 
Baker, daughter of William and Mary 
Baker, in 1669, for which Abiah agreed 
to give Mary a cow calf in one year, the 
calf to be one year old. He took a receipt 
of William Baker and his wife Mary for 
a yearling heifer in 1669. 

He testified before the Court-Martial 
which sat at Newport to try certain In- 
dians charged with being engaged in King 
Philip's designs, that Wenanaquabin, who 
had been living with him, went away 
from his house some time in May, 1675, 
and he did not see him again nor could he 
hear from him until towards winter. 
Wenanaquabin had been charged with be- 
ing at the wounding of John Scott in 
Providence. There was an attack made 
by the Indians on Carpenter's garrison in 
Pawtucket at Askaway, January 27, 1675, 
and they took a large number of cattle. 
Abiah Carpenter was fined twenty pounds 
for not serving on a jury. He was elected 
deputy in 1682, and was on the Grand 
Jury, December 13, 1687. 



Joseph Carpenter, of Mosquito Cove, 
Long Island, (his brother-in-law), sold 
land to Abiah Carpenter, November 30, 
1668. Abiah Carpenter deeded the same 
back to Joseph Carpenter, January, 1669. 
It is evident that Joseph Carpenter, of 
Mosquito Cove, deeded this land as a fight 
to induce Abiah Carpenter, his brother- 
in-law, to move to Mosquito Cove, which 
the latter declined to accept. It is very 
certain that Abiah Carpenter went with 
Joseph and Hannah Carpenter to Long 
Island, but after the death of his sister 
Hannah he returned to Pawtuxet. Hence 
the exchange of land, Abiah Carpenter 
having a house lot at Mosquito Cove 
which he deeded to Joseph Carpenter. (A 
copy of the deed from Joseph Carpenter, 
of Mosquito Cove, to Abiah Carpenter, of 
Pawtuxet) : 

This instrument in writing declareth to all to 
whom it may concern that Joseph Carpenter, of 
Mosquito Cove on Long Island, within the Colony 
of His Royal Highness James Duke of York, do 
make and have made an exchange of lands with 
my brother-in-law, Abiah Carpenter, of Pawtuxet 
in Rhode Island Colony. The said land which I 
exchanged with my brother, Abiah Carpenter, is 
all my right of land and commonage which fell to 
me by my wife by will of her father, and also a 
third part of my land which lieth between the 
cove and the Pawtuxet River, and also five pounds 
to be paid at Michaelmas following the date 
thereof. I say I have made over from me, my 
heirs and assigns from all my right, title and inter- 
est of the above referred to lands, to my said 
brother-in-law, Abiah Carpenter, to him, his heirs 
and assigns forever and to hold as his or their own 
perfect right, title or interest and this as my real 
act I have herewith set my hand and seal in Oyster 
Bay, the 8th day of June, in the year of our Lord, 
one thousand six hundred and seventy-three and 
in the twenty-fourth year of the reign of our sov- 
ereign King Charles the Second. 

(Signed) Joseph Carpenter. 

We find by the marriage record of his 
son, Joseph Carpenter, that Abiah Car- 
penter died previous to 1702. Land was 



75 



I 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



sold by Oliver Carpenter, the son of Abiah 
Carpenter, in 1699, the deed of which 
states that Abiah was then deceased. We 
have not been able to learn, by records or 
tradition, to whom or at what time Abiah 
Carpenter was married, but we find that 
his son Abiah was admitted as a freeman 
of Rhode Island in 1681, which indicates 
that the son was born in 1660 or before. 

(Ill) Oliver Carpenter, one of the eight 
children of Abiah Carpenter and his wife, 
was born about 1675, at Pawtuxet, Rhode 
Island; he died in 1727. His residence 
was at North Kingston, Rhode Island. 
His wife's name was Sarah. He owned 
real estate in several townships, as ap- 
pears by his will. He deeded to his broth- 
er, Joseph Carpenter, for love, March 18, 
1705, six acres of land at Pawtuxet which 
belonged to his honored father, Abiah 
Carpenter, deceased. On July 27, 1724, he 
deeded land to his son, Christopher Car- 
penter, of East Greenwich. On Novem- 
ber 23, 1724, he deeded land to his son, 
John Carpenter, of Warwick — 130 acres 
in East Greenwich. In 1727, he was ad- 
ministrator to the estate of his son, Oliver 
Carpenter, at East Greenwich. His son 
Oliver probably died after his father's 
will was made and before his father died. 

Abstract of the will of Oliver Carpen- 
ter, wife Sarah. Will was proved No- 
vember 20, 1727 ; his wife Sarah was the 
executrix. His friend, Jeremiah Gould, 
overseer. To son Oliver £10, he having 
considerable estate. To son Solomon 
£ 10. To son Abiah a legacy at age. To son 
Thomas a farm in East Greenwich where 
William Sweet dwells. To son Joshua 
£200 at age. To the youngest sons 
(names not mentioned) £200 each when 
they come of age. To daughter Sarah and 
a daughter, name not legible, £200 each. 
To a daughter, name not legible, £150. 

Sarah Carpenter, relict of Oliver Car- 
penter, married (second) Robert Hall. 



(IV) Christopher Carpenter, second of 
the nineteen children born to the marriage 
of Oliver and Sarah Carpenter, was born 
about 1718. He probably married Mercy 
Taylor (or Roberts) in South Kingston, 
Rhode Island. They resided in East 
Greenwich. In 1737 they went to Mary- 
land. He was a blacksmith by trade. He 
built the first house on the Carpenter farm 
in West Greenwich, Rhode Island, which 
still remains in the family. He was the 
father of ten children, born at East Green- 
wich and Kingston, Rhode Island. 

(V) Robert Carpenter, third son of 
Christopher and Mercy Carpenter, was 
born March 5, 1722, in East Greenwich, 
Rhode Island. He married (first) Charity 
Roberts, October 26, 1755 ; married (sec- 
ond) Mercy. Robert Carpenter, of King- 
ston, enlisted as a corporal in the Conti- 
nental Army, in Captain Keith's company. 
Colonel Michael Jackson's regiment; 
served from April 24, 1777, to October 7, 
1777; reported killed October 7, 1777; en- 
listed again in the Continental Army, Cap- 
tain Aaron Gray's company. Colonel Pyn- 
chon's regiment ; enlisted for three years, 
February 9, 1778. He was the father of 
six children, all born in East Greenwich. 

(VI) John Carpenter, second child of 
Robert and Charity (Roberts) Carpenter, 
was born February 11, 1758. He married 
Sally Stone. He probably married (sec- 
ond) Charity. He was the father of ten 
children, the youngest of whom was 
Amos. 

(VII) Amos Carpenter, youngest child 
of John and Sally (Stone) Carpenter, was 
born in West Greenwich, Rhode Island, 
August 23, 1793. He married (first), June 
19, 1813, Mary Bailey, born February 29, 
1792; died August 3, 1855, a daughter of 
Joseph Bailey. He married (second), 
May, 1856, Eunice Bailey, sister to Mary, 
born April 6, 1802, died December 31, 
1887. The Baileys were an old Rhode Is- 



76 



BAILEY. 
Arms — Ermine, three bars wavy sable. 

Crest — -^ demi-lady habited gnles, holding in her dexter hand a tower, in her 
sinister a laurel branch vert. 

CHAXDLER. 
Anns — Chequy argent and azure, on a bend sable three lions passant or, a 
canton argent, a sinister hand couped at the wrist gules. 

Crest — A pelican in her piety sable, the nest vert i Fairbairn). 
Motto — Ad mortem fidelis. { Faithful unto death.) 

CHILD. 

Arms — Gules, a chevron ermine between three eagles close argent. (Another 
or.) 

Crest — An eagle with wings expanded argent, enveloped around the neck 
with a snake proper. 

Motto — Imitari quam invidere. 



BIOGRAPHY 



.. itiat 

-' man 

indicates 

or before. 

the eight 

1 his wife, 

■<ct, Rhode 

! ^ residence 

Kh'jde Island. 

He owned 



dc; 



IV) Christopher Carpenter, second of 
the nineteen children born to the marriap 
of Oliver and Sarah Carpenter, was born 
about 1718. He probably married Mercy 
Taylor (or Roberts) in South Kingston 
Rhode Island. They resided in East 
Greenwich. In 1737 they went to Mary- 
land. He was a blacksmith bj' trade. He 
built the first house on the Carpenter farm 
in West Greenwich, Rhode Island, whici: 
still remains in the family. He was tht 
father of ten children, born at East Green- 
wich and Kingston, Rhode Island. 

(V) Robert Carpenter, third son of 

. Chri.stopher and Mercy Carpenter, was 

^i townships, as ap- "^'A >*;irrh 5, i~j-2. in East Greenwich, 

" deeded to his broth- ■^■^oMW^W'a?^ 3M^^nS»Hiw0H«»8<j)i€harity 

■ -'"f?l<4 ^W'ia^''^,3k¥t4)P'i8nit>lR4W^f48 bs^(<if*fl:,'(fa«l-irij3l>; AtwiMifei] I'sec- 

'i'.;. :..• r. 1- ,! e^ vl.id: oniii Mf:x> . .Il^y.ldaneii'drfpitiiWfeis arflitiii^- 

i h ^{o^^ eiiiisted as a corporal in the Conti- 

•4i3JQi*'iA-HD..- ,11V. in Captain Keith's company, 

£ ,i(i tnB^?.sq .sno'd a&irij: isfrffia bnad b ho . ,3^x15 Hn& 'tBS|iG iiffJJ>§rt!)^ii«S&.i"ient ; 
.^■^rwg tehv/ ^rf^tE^fc6qr^oo-I)A«rfH^*?S^^'7B"',:Jd$^ft'^§bffl■^7• 
.(^•Irsd^rE'f ) )-r9v la^ri 3fi».,Md:B(i ^'i\c^lkh'^ipf't\!fAf4^'^fiP^t'^<^7, en- 
(rr,,.„|, „,.,., r.,M,;,.'.i , V*-A3^.ft,^>HUftl«RtayiyW. Cap- 
-'s company, Colonel Pyn- 
.vi.Ufi.v t ; enlisted for three years, 

.'sia'feMnaavmVf'ahtfeT^ nfll^dD'i«;;>m*^ife,,^'^her of 
" !>i>in I'A East GreenAvich. 






-sJ. Ca 



Ti. 



the 



- uh where 

I (• ;son Joshua 

youngest sons 

"200 each when 

ijter Sarah and 

€200 each. 

—. £150. 

liver Car- 

rt Hall. 



■..- , 'luue. He probably married (sec- 
ond) Charity. He was the father of ten 
children, the youngest of whom was 
Amos. 

(VII) Amos Carpenter, youngest child 
of John and Sally (Stone) Carpenter, was 
born in West Greenwich, Rhode Island, 
August 23, 1793. He married (first), June: 
19, 1813, Mary Bailey, born February 29. 
1792; died August 3, 1855, a daughter of 
Joseph Bailey. He married (second). 
May, 1856, Eunice Bailey, sister to Mary, 
born April 6, 1802, died December 31, 
1887. The Baileys were an old Rhode Is- 




1l5ail« 




(£hnndier 




a\)\lb 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



land family, William Bailey, the Ameri- 
can ancestor, having come from London, 
England, and settled in Newport, Rhode 
Island, as early as 1655. Joseph Bailey, 
a resident of West Greenwich, was a Rev- 
olutionary soldier. 

Amos Carpenter was a man of fine phy- 
sique and varied attainments, being skilled 
as a shoemaker, cooper, and carpenter. 
During the depression of business in 1837 
the family removed to a farm in the east- 
ern part of Pomfret (now Putnam), Con- 
necticut, where a family of six girls and 
three boys were brought up in the strict- 
est Puritan ways. Amos Carpenter died 
December 29, 1872. 

(VIII) John Anthony Carpenter, son 
of Amos and Mary (Bailey) Carpenter, 
was born June 23, 1828, in West Green- 
wich, Rhode Island. During his boyhood 
he assisted in the work of the farm, and 
attended the district school. He attended 
Wilbraham Academy for a short time, 
and in 1846 went to Woodstock Academy 
for one term. In the winter of that year 
he commenced teaching school, which oc- 
cupation he followed for nearly twelve 
years with marked success. Some of his 
classes in mathematics were remarkable 
even in those days when the "three R's" 
received so great a part of the energies of 
both teacher and pupil. He inherited 
from his father a fine constitution, a nat- 
ural adaptability to any kind of work, 
and a capacity for hard, unremitting labor. 

In 1857 Mr. Carpenter took charge of 
the counting room and stores of M. S. 
Morse & Co., where he was employed un- 
til July, 1866. He was then chosen cash- 
ier of the First National Bank, which po- 
sition he held for forty years. On Octo- 
ber I, 1866, he was chosen treasurer of the 
Putnam Savings Bank, which had been 
organized but a short time, and had then 
between $100,000 and $200,000 in de- 
posits. He held the office of treasurer 



about eight years, when the deposits ex- 
ceeded $1,000,000. By statute no person 
could be simultaneously cashier of a na- 
tional bank and treasurer of a savings 
bank with deposits amounting to $1,000,- 
000, and Joseph Lippitt was chosen treas- 
urer, Mr. Carpenter remaining one of the 
trustees until his death. 

Mr. Carpenter was always a Republican 
and an active party worker ; he was chair- 
man of the Republican Town Committee 
through the War of the Rebellion and for 
some time prior thereto, and in those try- 
ing times he spent much time and labor in 
the upbuilding of the party. He was 
elected judge of probate for Putnam Pro- 
bate District in August, 1863, and held 
that office for thirty-five years. He had 
the high compliment many times of being 
nominated by the caucuses of both Re- 
publican and Democratic parties, and but 
one decision made by him was appealed 
from and carried to the Superior Court. 
He was the first warden of the town fire 
district, and assisted in getting it in work- 
ing order. He was also one of the first 
school visitors of the new town of Put- 
nam, and held that office many years. 

Mr. Carpenter was active in the interests 
of improvement in schools, churches, and 
general town and city affairs, and was 
always willing to pay his share of all ex- 
penses. He had the management as ad- 
ministrator or executor of the settlement 
of many large estates, several of over 
$100,000 and one of over $1,000,000 with- 
out being required to give bonds. He 
was trustee and guardian for several large 
estates and managed them with great ex- 
actness and fidelity and to the perfect 
satisfaction of the parties interested. Mr. 
Carpenter always had the full confidence 
of his townspeople, and his integrity was 
never questioned. 

John Anthony Carpenter married (first) 
Ann Elizabeth Williams, March 30, 1852 ; 



17 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



she died August 19, 1856. He married 
(second) Marcia J. Chandler. To Mr. 
Carpenter's first marriage two children 
were born: i. Nancy Jeanette, born Oc- 
tober 9, 1853, died March 26, 1854. 2. 
Byron Williams, born May 13, 1856, the 
namesake of his maternal grandfather; he 
married (first) Maria Louisa Aldrich, 
February 15, 1876; she died July 5, 1884; 
he married (second) Mrs. Emma M. Good- 
speed, August 16, 1885 ; she died May 22, 
1890; he married (third), December 20, 
1890, Mary A. Moffitt ; he has one daugh- 
ter, Elizabeth W. (Carpenter) Roedel- 
heim. By his second wife, Marcia J. 
(Chandler) Carpenter, Mr. Carpenter had 
three children, all now living in Putnam: 
I. Jane Elizabeth, born March 10, 1866, 
married Edgar Morris Warner, clerk in 
the Superior Court for Windham County ; 
they are the parents of three children, all 
now living in Putnam, CoVinecticut, name- 
ly: Frances Lester (Warner) Hersey, 
born July 19, 1888; Gertrude Chandler 
Warner, born April 16, 1890; John A. 
Carpenter Warner, born July 12, 1893. 2. 
Annie Chandler, born December 28, 1867; 
she married, November 8, 1895, Chester 
Elisha Child, previously mentioned, a 
lumber dealer, and they are the parents 
of four children, namely : Ruth Carpenter 
Child, Bertha Elizabeth Child, Edith 
Whitney Child, Donald Ezra Child. 3. 
John Frederick, born April 9, 1870, a 
lawyer; he married (first), December 27, 
1893, Alice M. Sharpe, and they were the 
parents of three daughters, namely : Paul- 
ine S. Carpenter, Alice Maud Carpenter, 
Mary Carpenter; he married (second) 
Elizabeth L. Cornwell. 

The statements in Playfair, Burke, and 
Davis and Owen, in regard to the descent 
of the Tyrconnel Carpenters from John 
Carpenter, of 1303, and also from William 
Carpenter, of Homme, establishes the fact 
that the Homme Carpenters are all de- 



scended from John Carpenter, of 1303. 
William Carpenter, the great-grandson of 
William Carpenter, of Homme, was the 
direct ancestor of the Tyrconnel Carpen- 
ters ; and his third son, William Carpen- 
ter, was the progenitor of the Rehoboth 
branch of the family. 

The following list will show the line of 
Tyrconnel Carpenters, commencing with 
John Carpenter, of 1303. 

John Carpenter, born about 1303, mem- 
ber of Parliament. 

Richard Carpenter, son of John Car- 
penter, born about 1335, a goldsmith. 

John Carpenter, St., son of Richard and 
brother of John Carpenter, town clerk of 
London. 

John Carpenter, son of John Carpenter, 
St., born about 1410. 

William Carpenter, son of John Car- 
penter, born about 1440, died in 1520. 
(The William of Homme.) 

James Carpenter, son of William Car- 
penter. 

John Carpenter, son of James Car- 
penter. 

William Carpenter, son of John Car- 
penter. 

William Carpenter, son of William Car- 
penter, born in 1576, a resident of London, 
who came over in the "Bevis" in 1638 
with his son William and wife Abigail, 
and returned in the same vessel in which 
he came over. 

William Carpenter, the American pro- 
genitor. 

From : ''A genealogical history of the 
Rehoboth branch of the Carpenter fam- 
ily," 1898. 



MILLER, Frank, 

Bnsiness Man, Financier, Philanthropist. 

Civic, financial, industrial, fraternal and 
social circles were irremediably invaded 
by a severe loss in the passing of Frank 



78 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Miller, on August 13, 1921, out from all 
these scenes of his activities at his home 
city of Bridgeport, in which, at the time 
of his death, he was a great outstanding 
figure of the community, particularly in 
matters of finance, wherein he was an 
acknowledged peer. Veteran also of the 
Civil War, as well as of many a com- 
mercial campaign, he made a large suc- 
cess of his life. He was a sound captain 
of finance, a safe and sane leader of in- 
dustry, a wise counselor of the citizenry 
in their municipal affairs — a positive asset 
of the community. "By the sudden death 
of Frank Miller," said the editor of the 
"Bridgeport Times" anent the death of 
this leader in so many avenues of the 
city's life, "Bridgeport loses one of its 
oldest and best-known business men, a 
man of forceful personality, a keen stu- 
dent of financial affairs, and easily the 
dominant figure in local financial circles. 
Largely through his careful handling of 
its aflfairs, he brought to its present posi- 
tion the City National Bank, which now 
ranks as one of the foremost financial 
institutions in the East. He was the most 
democratic of men, and the door of his 
office was always open to those in need 
of advice or assistance. Bridgeport can 
ill afford to lose such men of his type." 
Frank Miller was a descendant of 
Thomas Miller, the founder of the family 
in America, who settled in Rowley, Mas- 
sachusetts, as early as 1643. He was a 
carpenter by trade, although he was "li- 
censed to draw wine." He and his wife 
removed to Middletown, Connecticut, 
where he became the town miller. He 
died August 14, 1680. He married (first) 
Isabel (date of marriage not recorded). 
He married (second) June 6, 1666, Sarah 
Nettleton, died March 20, 1727-28, at the 
age of eighty-six years. Thomas, the eld- 
est child of Thomas and Sarah (Nettle- 



ton) Miller, was born at Middletown, May 
6, 1667, and died September 24, 1727. He 
caried on the milling business of his fa- 
ther. He married (first) March 28, 1688, 
Elizabeth, born December 14, 1668, died 
February 9, 1695, daughter of Edward and 
Mary (Sanford) Turner. He married 
(second) December 25, 1696, Mary Row- 
ell. Stephen, son of Thomas and Mary 
(Rowell) Miller, was born at Middletown, 
March 5, 1699, and died August 15, 1783. 
It is supposed that he was a saw and grist 
miller. He married, July 2, 1730, Anna, 
born in 1710, and died June 10, 1777, 
daughter of Richard and Hannah (Bulk- 
eley) Goodrich. 

Coming down to the fourth and fifth 
generations in the lineage, paternal side, 
of Frank Miller, one is made acquainted 
with personal history of interest in con- 
nection with this memoir. Stephen Mil- 
ler (in the fourth generation), son of Ste- 
phen (i) and Anna (Goodrich) Miller, 
was born February 11, 1739-40, and died 
July 21, 1822. He married (first) Octo- 
ber II, 1761, Thankful, born September 
12, 1739, and died April 12, 1777, daughter 
of Daniel and Mehitable (Hubbard) 
Whitmore. He married (second) April 
2, 1780, Lucy, born in 1755, and died Jan- 
uary ID, 1837, daughter of William and 
Elizabeth (Jones) Roberts of Middle- 
town. Stephen (2) Miller, grandfather of 
Frank Miller, was an importer and a ship- 
owner. He was engaged in trade of im- 
mense proportions in rum, sugar, molas- 
ses, and other products of the West In- 
dies. He became one of the most prom- 
inent men of Middletown. During the 
War of 1812 he lost sixteen of his vessels, 
sunk or captured by the British. Stephen 
(3) Miller, father of Frank Miller, and son 
of Stephen (2) and Lucy (Roberts) Mil- 
ler, was born in Middletown about July 
4, 1795, and died September 26, 1877. He 



79 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



carried on farming extensively in Middle- 
town, and owned and operated a grist 
mill and conducted a lumber business. 
He was associated with other important 
enterprises in his home town. At the age 
of sixty years he retired from all active 
business pursuits, and lived at ease in 
Middletown until his death. He mar- 
ried (first) October 5, i8zo, Clarissa, died 
in August, 1825, daughter of Noadiah 
Whitmore of Middletown. He married 
(second), December 2, 1827,, Lucretia, 
daughter of Elisha and Lucretia (Tryon) 
Fairchild. Children by the first marriage : 
Stephen Whitmore, born October 22, 
1821 ; Benjamin, born May 6, 1824. Chil- 
dren by the second marriage : Darius, 
Nathan Gladwin, Charles, Kate (Miller) 
Strickland and Frank Miller, deceased 
(see forward). 

Frank Miller, son of Stephen (3) and 
Lucretia (Fairchild) Miller, was born at 
Middletown, August 3, 1848, and died at 
Bridgeport, August 13, 1921. He received 
his preliminary education in the public 
schools of his native town. He afterward 
studied at Chase Institute under the in- 
struction of the celebrated Dr. Chase. In 
1863, regardless of the fact that he was 
but fifteen years of age, he enlisted for 
service in the Civil War and was assigned 
to the 1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery. 
He was with the Army of the Potomac 
under General Ulysses S. Grant, and 
served until the close of the war, having 
participated in many severe engagements. 
He came to Bridgeport to make his home 
in the early 70's, and soon organized a 
coal business, taking into partnership Er- 
win Strickland, the firm becoming known 
as Miller & Strickland. He later pur- 
chased the Strickland interest and the firm 
now became Frank Miller & Co., who car- 
ried on an extensive business in their line 
until 1907, when Mr. Miller disposed of 



his interest to Archibald McNeil & Sons. 
Mr. Miller then became active in other 
fields of endeavor, among which the lum- 
ber trade attracted his major attention, 
and he organized the Frank Miller Lum- 
ber Company, which became one of the 
largest factors in that line in the Bridge- 
port territory. He remained as president 
of the company until his death. In 1889 
Mr. Miller made his beginning in the 
financial career that was to see him at the 
very top among the leaders in banking 
affairs in Bridgeport. In that year he was 
elected a director of the City National 
Bank, afterward becoming vice-president, 
and in 1906, on the death of Edwin G. 
Sanford, Mr. Miller was made president, 
in which office he gave invaluable service 
until 1919, in which year his services be- 
ing so highly esteemed he was elected 
chairman of the board of directors. Ow- 
ing to his sound judgment, keen insight 
and business acumen, his cooperation in 
other lines of business was often sought, 
and he became actively and financially 
interested in a number of highly import- 
ant — some of them epoch-making — enter- 
prises. At the time of his death he was, 
in addition to being chairman of the board 
at the City National Bank, treasurer of 
the Lake Torpedo Boat Company of 
Bridgeport ; president of the Citizens' 
Coal Company of Waterbury, Connecti- 
cut, and was an officer in a number of 
other business undertakings. While not 
actively engaged in political affairs of late 
years, Mr. Miller had been prominently 
identified with the Democratic party, and 
had held a number of offices, civic and 
political. These included membership in 
the Bridgeport Board of Education and 
the Board of Apportionments. He was 
deeply interested in religious and philan- 
thropic advance, and at his death he re- 
membered churches, hospitals, and the 
80 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Salvation Army of Bridgeport with gifts 
totaling one hundred and fifty thousand 
dollars. These bequests have aided very 
materially the beneficiaries in promoting 
along extensive lines the causes that come 
under their respective care. Mr. Miller 
was an important member of the Masonic 
fraternity, and was affiliated with Corin- 
thian Lodge, No. 104, Free and Accepted 
Masons ; Jerusalem Chapter, No. 13, 
Royal Arch Masons ; Hamilton Com- 
mandery. No. 5, Knights Templar; Pyra- 
mid Temple, Ancient Arabic Order No- 
bles of the Mystic Shrine ; and a 32d de- 
gree Scottish Rite Mason. For many 
years he was an active member of Elias 
Howe Post, Grand Army of the Republic. 

Mr. Miller married, November 29, 1869, 
at Waterbury, Connecticut, Emily Lou- 
ise Clinton of Woodbury, Connecticut, 
daughter of Ira A. and Mary Lewis Clin- 
ton. She died October 4, 1907. They 
were the parents of three children, all of 
whom are deceased. Mr. Miller married 
(second), November 5, 1908, at New York 
City, Anne Drew Hallock, daughter of 
Henry E. and Mary Frances Drew Hal- 
lock, of Bridgeport. 

A fitting conclusion of this review of 
such an important and conspicuous figure 
and his life and deeds is embraced in the 
following tribute paid to Mr. Miller by 
organizations with which he had to do 
either directly or indirectly during his 
long and varied career : 

Board of Directors of the City National Bank 
OF Bridgeport. 

Whereas, Frank Miller lived nearly all his busi- 
ness life in Bridgeport, and by his strong person- 
ality, broad vision and active participation in finan- 
cial and public affairs made himself a leading spirit 
in the growth and life of this city, and 

Whereas, In recent years his chief business 
activity centered in the City National Bank, which 
he served as president for sixteen years and direc- 
tor for thirty-one years, and whose affairs he 
Conn. 11 — 6 gj 



managed with great fidelity and rare skill ; now, 
therefore, be it 

Resolved, That we, the directors of the City 
National Bank, keenly feel the irreparable loss of 
Frank Miller; and, be it further 

Resolved, that a copy of these resolutions be con- 
veyed to his immediate family and to his associates 
through the press, and that these resolutions be 
inscribed on the minutes of this bank. 

Board of Directors of the 
City National Bank. 

Charles E. Hough, President. 

L. S. Catlin, Clerk. 

Common Council of the City of Bridgeport. 

With profound sorrow we record the passing 
from this life of one of our most prominent citi- 
zens, Frank Miller. Mr. Miller was a conspicuous 
figure in the community through his active partici- 
pation in the many phases of communal develop- 
ment, financial, industrial and philanthropic. He 
served the city faithfully in numerous official 
capacities, and at the time of his passing was a 

member of the Financial Advisory Board 

His passing from the scene of his earthly labors 
excites not only sorrow and grief, but a deep sense 
of loss, for his opinions were of inestimable value, 
and his energy, wisdom and loyalty were in con- 
stant demand. The city of Bridgeport and all who 
have been associated with him in the many years 
of his active, resourceful and successful career, in 
the many industries in which he was engaged, will 
greatly miss him. 

Resolved, That the Common Council, in record- 
ing its sorrow on the death of Frank Miller, add 
its testimony to his sterling qualities, worth and 
services. 

Resolved. That we extend our heartfelt sym- 
pathy to the bereaved family in their irreparable 
loss. 

Resolved, That these resolutions be spread upon 
the minutes of the Common Council and a copy 
thereof suitably engrossed be presented to the 
bereaved family. 

Clifford B. Wilson, Mayor; 
J. Alex. H. Robinson, Clerk. 

Directors of the Lake Torpedo Boat Company 
OF Bridgeport. 

Whereas, Frank Miller, late of this city, was 
for many years a director and officer of the Lake 
Torpedo Boat Company; therefore, be it 

Resolved, That the service of Mr. Miller to this 
company in planning and assisting in the building 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of weapons of defense for this country was con- 
sistent with that patriotism which was an integral 
part of his entire life from his early boyhood; 
and, be it further 

Resolved, That the directors of the Lake Tor- 
pedo Boat Company mourn the loss of Mr. Miller 
as that of a true friend and earnest fellow-worker 
and a patriot with most lofty ideals ; and, be it 
further 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be 
spread upon the minutes of the company and that 
a copy be sent to the family of the deceased. 
The Lake Torpedo Boat Company. 
Herbert S. Miller, President. 

Endowed with the material of which 
heroes are made, Frank Miller, though 
nearly always in the van of every move- 
ment or enterprise in which he had been 
enlisted, never played to the galleries. 
He was energized by that propelling 
power the results of which are to be ob- 
served in that type of men who by sheer 
force of character, a forceful personal- 
ity and a compelling capacity for doing 
large things, find themselves naturally and 
logically at the front. If self-conscious- 
ness or an exaggerated retiring manner 
restrains them from forging ahead to the 
place that they should fill, their fellows 
are apt to impress them into the service 
for which they are by nature and train- 
ing eminently fitted. It was so with Frank 
Miller; and for the very good reason that 
this was so, the city of Bridgeport as a 
community, its financial, industrial, and 
municipal institutions have been inspired 
to do the best things in a better way — and 
no man, from the world point of a vision 
of greatness, could have done more than 
he in having been a substantial citizen and 
a source of inspiration to his fellow-men. 



WHEELER, Nathaniel, 

Organiser, Head of Iiarge Industry. 

Nathaniel Wheeler, organizer and pres- 
ident of the Wheeler & Wilson Manufac- 



turing Company, makers of Wheeler & 
Wilson sewing machines, was born in 
Watertown, Litchfield County, Connect- 
icut, September 20, 1820, and died at his 
home on Golden Hill, Bridgeport, in the 
same State, December 31, 1893. 

(I) He was of the seventh generation 
of his family in America, and a descend- 
ant of Moses Wheeler, born in England in 
1598, who came to New England with a 
company from the County of Kent. In 
1643 he received a tract of land in New 
Haven. Some four or five years later he 
removed to Stratford. His deed was the 
first recorded at Hartford of the lands 
bought from the Indians at Stratford. 
Orcutt's "History of Stratford and Bridge- 
port," says : "The first record found in re- 
gard to public convenience is concerning a 
ferry: The motion made by Mr. Ludlow 
concerning Moses Wheeler for keeping 
the Ferry at Stratford." He was a farmer 
and ship carpenter, and established the 
ferry across the Housatonic River. He 
lived to the age of one hundred years, 
and at the time of his death was an ex- 
tensive landowner. 

(II) Moses Wheeler, son of Moses 
Wheeler, was born in 1651, and died Jan- 
uary 30, 1724-25. 

(HI) Samuel Wheeler, son of Moses 
Wheeler, was born February 27, 1681-82, 
died in 1721. 

(IV) Captain James Wheeler, son of 
Samuel Wheeler, born 1716, died in 
Derby, Connecticut, July 9, 1768. 

(V) Deacon James Wheeler, son of 
Captain James Wheeler, born April 6, 
1745, died in Watertown in 1819. 

(VI) David Wheeler, son of Deacon 
James Wheeler, was born September 6, 
1789. He was a general builder and far- 
mer, and had on his farm a small shop 
where he employed a few men in various 
ways, including the making of wagons and 

82 




Yac Sivciti- Co Boston 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



sleighs. He married for his first wife 
Phoebe De Forest, by whom he had two 
children: Joseph and Mary. His second 
wife was Sarah De Forest, of the same 
family, by whom he had four children : 
Nathaniel, of whom further; George, 
Jane and Belinda. The De Forests were 
descendants of a Huguenot family of 
Avesnes, France, some of whose numbers 
fled to Leyden, Holland, to escape re- 
ligious persecution. One of these, named 
Isaac De Forest, son of Jesse and Marie 
(DeCloux) De Forest, emigrated from 
Leyden to New Amsterdam in 1636, and 
there married Sarah Du Trieux. One of 
their sons, David De Forest, settled in 
Stratford, and was the ancestor of the 
mother of Nathaniel Wheeler. 

(VII) Nathaniel Wheeler, son of David 
and Sarah (De Forest) Wheeler, attended 
the schools of his native place, and, as 
often related by his father, took his full 
share of whatever work was to be done 
on the farm or in the shop. It was 
this helpfulness to others that prevailed 
throughout his life, and wherever he was 
there were always numberless examples 
of those to whose welfare he contributed. 
He was especially solicitous for the 
welfare of those associated with him. 
His associates and employees shared 
generously in the fruits of his success. 
He was early taught, by one skilled in the 
work, the elaborate painting then in vogue 
for vehicles, especially sleighs. This 
enabled him in later years to devise meth- 
ods for finishing woods, which changed 
the processes in this work throughout the 
country, and in other countries as well, 
and to conduct experiments, leading to 
the most successful results in finishing 
the products of the Fairfield Rubber 
Works. On coming of age he took entire 
charge of the business of the shop, his 
father retiring to the farm. A few years lat- 



er he learned die-sinking, and took up the 
manufacture of various small metallic ar- 
ticles, largely buckles and slides, and by 
substituting machinery for hand labor 
greatly reduced the cost of production. He 
was now well equipped with a knowledge 
of metals, which qualified him to direct 
work with marked success in all these 
branches. In 1848 he united his business 
with that of Alanson Warren and George 
Woodruff, manufacturers of similar arti- 
cles, the new firm taking the name of 
Warren, Wheeler & Woodruff. They 
bought a water privilege on the stream 
flowing through Watertown, some mile 
and a half below the center, and erected 
a factory for the enlarged business, with 
Mr. Wheeler in charge. While in New 
York on business and looking for some- 
thing to more fully occupy the new prem- 
ises, he was shown the sewing machine 
invented by Allen B. Wilson, which was 
then on exhibition and attracting atten- 
tion. 

While it is true that the art of sewing 
by machinery was American in its origin 
and development, European genius had 
been groping toward it for nearly a cen- 
tury before, Weisenthal, as early as 1755, 
Heilman, Thomas Saint (granted an Eng- 
lish patent in 1790), Thimonier (who 
first obtained a patent in France in 1830). 
Newton, and Archbold of England, and 
possibly others, essayed the invention, but 
not one of these pointed the way to a 
practical sewing machine. Something 
was said to have been done by Walter 
Hunt, of New York, as early as 1832 ; but 
the contrivance alleged to have been 
made was abandoned or neglected until 
the success of others had become publicly 
known. The invention of Elias Howe, 
patented in 1846, was undoubtedly the 
first important step toward a practical 
machine, but the perfected "Howe" was 



83 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



not patented until 1857. The inventor 
who first reached satisfactory results in 
this field was Allen B. Wilson, a native of 
Cortland County, New York. While 
working at his trade as cabinetmaker in 
Adrian, Michigan, in 1847, he conceived 
the idea of a sewing machine. He knew 
nothing of what others had thought or 
done in this direction. In 1848, in Pitts- 
field, Massachusetts, while still working 
at his trade, he completed the drawings 
of his machine, and in the spring of the 
following year finished his model. Al- 
though not a machinist and not able to 
procure suitable tools, he made with his 
own hands every part of the machine, 
whether of wood or metal. Authorities 
agree that "this was the first machine 
ever constructed, meeting to any extent 
the requirements of a sewing machine." 
This machine enabled the operator to 
control at will the direction of the stitch- 
ing, and thus to sew continuous seams of 
any length, either straight or curved. 
Continuing to improve and invent, he ob- 
tained patents in 1850, 185 1, 1852, and 
1854. The important improvements were 
developed after Mr. Wheeler became in- 
terested, and with his cooperation and 
suggestion. Impressed with his first 
views of Mr. Wilson's achievement, Mr. 
Wheeler contracted with Messrs. E. Lee & 
Company, of New York, then controlling 
the patent, to build five hundred machines 
at Watertown, Mr. Wilson agreeing to re- 
move to that place and superintend their 
manufacture. Shortly afterwards, rela- 
tions with Lee & Company ceased, and a 
partnership was formed between Messrs. 
Warren, Wheeler, Woodruff, and Wilson, 
under the title "Wheeler, Wilson & Com- 
pany," for the manufacture of sewing ma- 
chines. They manufactured the original 
"Wheeler & Wilson Sewing Machines," 
and made them successful. This was 



largely due to the efforts of Mr. Wheeler, 
who became the mercantile head of the 
company, and led the improvements into 
practical lines. The introduction of the 
machine, placing it in factories and work- 
shops and demonstrating its value in fam- 
ilies, was carried out under his control. 
Opposition, prejudice and disbelief melted 
away before enterprising activity and per- 
severance. In a brief period the machine 
was in operation in New York and other 
cities. In October, 1853, the business was 
reorganized as a joint stock company un- 
der the title "Wheeler & Wilson Manu- 
facturing Company." The capital of the 
corporation was one hundred and sixty 
thousand dollars, the patents being valued 
at one hundred thousand, and the machin- 
ery at sixty thousand. The new subscrib- 
ers to this stock, the foundation of the 
fortunes of so many, enjoyed the profits 
of the business without any cost whatever 
to themselves, as they gave their notes for 
the stock, but were never called upon to 
pay any part of them, as Mr. Wheeler 
financed the business, providing whatever 
cash was necessary, and the notes were 
paid by the profits of the business as they 
became due. For a year or two Mr. 
Wheeler acted as the general manager. 
In 1855 he became president, and filled 
that office during the remainder of his 
life. 

About the time that the Wheeler & 
Wilson machine began to attract public 
attention, the sewing machine invented 
by Isaac M. Singer became known, also 
the Grover & Baker sewing machine. All 
these machines contained principles that 
Elias Howe thought were covered by his 
patents, and he commenced suits which 
brought them together in defense. While 
these were being contested, with the best 
obtainable legal talent in the country on 
all sides, Mr. Wheeler proposed that, as 

84 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



these machines varied so much, they col- 
lectively seemed to cover thoroughly the 
field of sewing by machinery, yet each 
obviously had extensive fields to which 
each was particularly adapted, and as 
Elias Howe's patents strengthened all, it 
seemed wise that all should respect his 
patents and the patents and devices of 
each other, and in this way join in the 
defense of each other's rights. This plan 
was adopted, and led to many years of 
successful business for all concerned. Mr. 
Howe for many years received a royalty 
for each machine manufactured by all 
these companies, but for several years 
did nothing himself in the way of manu- 
facturing. 

Mr. Wilson, eager to devote attention 
in other directions and explore other fields 
of invention, among which were cotton 
picking machines, illuminating gases and 
photography, early retired from active 
participation in the business, retaining 
stock in the company and receiving the 
benefit of dividends, a regular salary 
thereafter without services and substan- 
tial sums on renewals of his patents. He 
invested largely in building in North 
Adams, Massachusetts, the scene of part 
of his early life. He built a residence on 
a beautiful site overlooking the Nauga- 
tuck River opposite the city of Water- 
bury, and continued to live there until 
his death, April 29, 1888. The residence 
enlarged, has since become the Water- 
bury Hospital. His inventions have been 
declared by high authorities to be "as 
original, ingenious, and efifective, as any 
to be found in the whole range of me- 
chanics." 

In 1856 the factory was removed from 
Watertown to Bridgeport, Connecticut, 
the company buying and occupying the 
works of the Jerome Clock Company. Mr. 
Wheeler also removed thither and at once 



identified himself with the interest of the 
city. With increased factory space and 
improved machinery, the business ad- 
vanced with rapid strides. The capital 
stock was increased from time to time, 
and in 1864 to one million dollars. Fire 
swept a portion of the buildings in 1875, 
but they were rebuilt immediately on an 
improved plan. Additions were frequent- 
ly made until the company's works cov- 
ered a ground space of some fifteen acres. 
In recognition of Mr. Wheeler's services 
in his department of industry, he was 
decorated at the World's Exposition held 
in Vienna in 1873 with the Imperial Order 
of Francis Joseph, and at the Paris Expo- 
sition in 1889 he received the cross of 
the Legion of Honor of France. In addi- 
tion to many sewing machine patents, 
either as sole inventor or jointly with 
others, he held patents for wood filling 
compounds, power transmitters, refriger- 
ators, ventilating cars, heating and ven- 
tilating buildings. The system for ven- 
tilating school houses, originated by him, 
was the forerunner of the best modern 
practice, and was widely sought after and 
copied. 

As a business man, Mr. Wheeler was 
distinguished for his organizing and ad- 
ministrative abilities, his energy, enter- 
prise, foresight, good judgment, and fair 
dealings — qualities which were recognized 
throughout the business world. His so- 
licitude for all employed by the corpora- 
tion of which he was the head was espec- 
ially marked, and won for him profound 
regard. He contributed largely to the 
success of various important local enter- 
prises. He was an incorporator of the 
People's Savings Bank ; a director of the 
Bridgeport City Bank, Bridgeport Hy- 
draulic Company, Bridgeport Horse Rail- 
way Company, Fairfield Rubber Com- 
pany, Willimantic Linen Company, and 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the New York, New Haven & Hartford 
Railroad Company. He was an active 
member of the Board of Trade, and the 
Board of Aldermen, and of the building 
committees of schools and county build- 
ings, and a commissioner for building the 
State Capitol at Hartford. He was one 
of the founders and the first president of 
the Seaside Club ; a donor to and one of 
the chief promoters of Seaside Park of 
the city of Bridgeport; and a. commis- 
sioner for its development. He was the 
principal founder of the business of the 
Bridgeport Wood Finishing Company, 
and through the invention of "Wheeler's 
Wood Filler" introduced new methods in 
finishing woods, which continue to be 
more and more widely followed. He was 
a generous contributor to and for thirty- 
three years a vestryman of St. John Epis- 
copal Church. A Democrat in politics, 
Mr. Wheeler repeatedly declined nomina- 
tion to official positions. He served in the 
Bridgeport Common Council, and also for 
several terms in the State Legislature and 
Senate. Upright in every aim, he com- 
manded the esteem of the people of his 
native State, and especially of those in the 
community in which for so long a period 
he was a vital and beneficient factor. 
Blessed with robust health until 1893, he 
was overtaken by illness and died just 
as the year closed. 

His first wife, Huldah Ruth (Bradley) 
Wheeler, of Watertown, Connecticut, to 
whom he was married in 1842, died in 
1857. There were four children by this 
union: Martha, died young; Anna B., 
died young; Samuel H., a sketch of whom 
follows ; and Ellen B. (Mrs. Edward W. 
Harral). The Bradley coat-of-arms is as 
follows : 

Arms — Gules, a chevron argent between three 
boars' heads couped or. 
Crest — A boar's head couped or. 
Motto — Liber ac sapiens esio. 



On August 3, 1858, Nathaniel Wheeler 
married Mary E. Crissy, of New Canaan, 
Connecticut, who survived her husband 
until April 20, 1910. By this mariage there 
were four sons : Harry De Forest, born 
April 6, 1863, died July 10, 1881 ; Archer 
Crissy and William Bishop, twins, of 
whom further ; and Arthur Penoyer, born 
October 20, 1875, died July 13, 1877. 



WHEELER, Archer Crissy; 
WHEELER, WiUiam Bishop. 

Archer Crissy Wheeler and William 
Bishop Wheeler, the twin brothers, who 
for many years resided at No. 350 Golden 
Hill Street, Bridgeport, Connecticut, 
where Archer Crissy Wheeler still re- 
sides, were born on September 14, 1864, 
in Bridgeport, County of Fairfield, State 
of Connecticut. 

In 1893, at the time of the death of their 
father, his duties and responsibilities fell 
largely upon his sons. Archer Crissy and 
William Bishop, and Samuel H. Wheeler, 
a son of Nathaniel Wheeler by a former 
marriage with Huldah Ruth Bradley, of 
Watertown, Connecticut, who died in 
1857- 

Like their distinguished father, these 
three brothers took up the work of these 
large interests which devolved upon them 
with ever increasing scope and magnitude. 
Samuel H. Wheeler assumed the active 
management of The Wheeler & Wilson 
Manufacturing Company, which was fin- 
ally sold to Singer Manufacturing Com- 
pany in 1905. With their brother-in-law, 
Edward W. Harral, Archer Crissy and 
William Bishop Wheeler continued the 
management, with practically the entire 
ownership of The Fairfield Rubber Com- 
pany, of Fairfield, Connecticut, which be- 
came one of the largest manufacturers in 
its line of production, and which made the 
highest grade of rubber fabric for auto- 



86 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



mobile and carriage tops produced in the 
United States. In 1916 The Fairfield 
Rubber Company was sold to E. I. Du- 
Pont DeNemours & Company, of Wil- 
mingfton, Delaware. 

Besides managing and developing these 
manufacturing interests, these three 
brothers were largely instrumental in the 
present development of Main Street, the 
principle business section of Bridgeport, 
as it stands to-day. In 1905 they con- 
structed The Security Building at No. 
1 1 15 Main Street, and gave Bridgeport 
its first eight-story, all fire-proof, steel 
structure. Soon thereafter, Samuel H. 
Wheeler constructed the Stratfield Hotel 
and gave Bridgeport its first modern fire- 
proof hotel. 

About this time Archer Crissy and Wil- 
liam Bishop erected at No. 1140 Main 
Street the fire-proof department store now 
occupied by Rockwell & Company. The 
Wheeler Block, for many years occupied 
by the D. M. Read Company, has be- 
longed to the family for more than fifty 
years, and the real estate holdings and 
developments of the Estate of Nathaniel 
Wheeler, which have been managed by 
Archer Crissy Wheeler, as sole surviving 
executor of his father's will, since the 
death of Samuel H. Wheeler, are located 
in nearly every section of the city of 
Bridgeport. 

The beautiful companionship existing 
between these twin brothers has perhaps 
rarely obtained, and was known and noted 
by and among all their friends and ac- 
quaintances. They lived inseparable lives 
and hardly ever were they to be seen 
apart. In business matters their com- 
bined judgment was brought to bear with 
unusual foresight, precision and success, 
and their integrity and fidelity were rec- 
ognized by all with whom they came in 
contact. They were unfailingly courte- 



ous and their friendships were strong and 
lasting. Their acquaintances were many 
and nearly every acquaintance could be 
said to be a friend. They were members 
and liberal supporters of St. John's Prot- 
estant Episcopal Church, and were more 
than usually interested in the various 
charities and institutions of their city. 
Moreover, their private charities were 
large and many. With them, the worthy 
who were in need could always find not 
only an audience but sympathy and sub- 
stantial assistance as well. They were 
fond of outdoor life and derived much 
pleasure from the study of its trees and 
shrubs and birds and flowers. They were 
also much interested and took part in 
sports of various kinds, especially outdoor 
sports, and were members of nearly all of 
the clubs of Bridgeport, and of clubs of 
other cities besides. 

William Bishop Wheeler died Febru- 
ary 20, 1920, and Samuel H. Wheeler died 
November 14, 1920, leaving Ellen B. Har- 
ral and Archer Crissy Wheeler as the sole 
surviving children of Nathaniel Wheeler. 
For the Genealogy of Archer Crissy and 
William Bishop Wheeler, see Orcutt's 
"History of Stratford and Bridgeport," 
published in 1886 by the Fairfield County 
Historical Society. 



WHEELER, Samuel Hickox, 
Manufacturer, Developer of Real Estate. 

Samuel Hickox Wheeler was born in 
Watertown, Connecticut, September 16, 
1845. He died in Chicago, Illinois, No- 
vember 14, 1920. He died quite suddenly 
of heart trouble. He was the son of Na- 
thaniel and Huldah Ruth Bradley, who 
had three other children. His father was 
the organizer of the Wheeler & Wilson 
Manufacturing Company, makers of sew- 
insf machines, at first located in Water- 



87 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



town, but after 1856 at Bridgeport, Con- 
necticut. The paternal grandparents of 
Samuel H. Wheeler were David and Sarah 
(De Forest) Wheeler, and he was a 
lineal descendant of Moses Wheeler, one 
of the original members of the New 
Haven colony, who came from England 
in 1638 and was among the first to whom 
land was allotted in New Haven. He 
moved to Stratford in 1648, where he died 
in 1698 at the age of one hundred, the 
first of the immigrants known to have 
lived a full century. His wife was Miriam 
(Hawley) Wheeler. Huldah Ruth (Brad- 
ley) Wheeler was the daughter of Lucius 
Brown Bradley and Adelia (Hickox) 
Bradley. She traced her ancestry to Wil- 
liam Bradley, who emigrated to America 
in 1637 from Bingley, Yorkshire, England. 
He moved to New Haven in 1644. 

Samuel H. Wheeler was prepared for 
Yale College by James M. B. Dwight. 
He graduated in the class of 1868. After 
graduation he went to Chicago and took 
charge of the business of the Wheeler & 
Wilson Manufacturing Company as a 
member of the firm of Farrar & Wheeler. 
He withdrew from that firm at about 1886. 
He then engaged in the real estate busi- 
ness in Chicago. In 1894, on the death of 
his father, he moved to Bridgeport, Con- 
necticut, and became president of the 
Wheeler & Wilson Manufacturing Com- 
pany. He held that position until 1905, 
when the company sold out to the Singer 
Manufacturing Company. After his re- 
tirement from the manufacturing busi- 
ness he became active in the development 
of real estate in Bridgeport. He built the 
Stratfield Hotel in that city. He was 
much interested in the subject of ventila- 
tion, and the last few years of his life 
spent a great deal of time working out his 
theory. He wrote a pamphlet on the sub- 
ject called "Natural Upward Ventila- 



tion." It has caused very favorable inter- 
est among those who are fighting tuber- 
culosis. His idea is especially adapted to 
schools, and he was instrumental in hav- 
ing it installed in many, where it has 
given much satisfaction. He spent much 
time in reading and collecting books on 
American colonial history. He was a 
member of the Society of the Sons of the 
American Revolution and the Order of 
Founders and Patriots of America. 

After coming East to live in 1894 he 
made his home in Fairfield, Connecticut. 
He belonged to St. Paul's Episcopal 
Church of that place. He was buried in 
Mountain Grove Cemetery, Bridgeport, 
November 17. The funeral services were 
conducted by the Rt. Rev. Chauncy B. 
Brewster, one of his classmates. 

He was married May 17, 1876, in Chi- 
cago, Illinois, to Amelia Vernon Rumsey, 
daughter of Julian S. Rumsey and Martha 
(Turner) Rumsey. She died April 23, 
1877. They had one daughter, Amelia 
Rumsey, who in 1919 married Major 
Craufurd-Stuart of the British Army. He 
married again, June 18, 1844, at Lake 
Geneva, Wisconsin, Elizabeth Theodora 
Rumsey, the sister of his first wife. They 
had three children: Theodora (B. A. 
Vassar, 191 1 — M. D. Johns Hopkins, 
1916). She married William P. Finney, 
M. D., in 1916. Nathaniel Wheeler (Yale 
B. A. 1914 — LL. B., 1916). Ellen Rum- 
sey (B. A. Vassar, 191 5 — R. N. Presby- 
terian Hospital, New York, 1920). 



BRYANT, Waldo Calvin, 

Manufacturer. 

In the seventh generation from his im- 
migrant ancestor, Stephen Bryant, born in 
England, a member of Plymouth Colony 
as early as 1632, Waldo Calvin Bryant has 
by dint of inventive genius, hard work 



88 




;^fe^ 



^A^ ^2>*t.^^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and close application to business risen to 
the highly important position of president 
of the Bryant Electric Company, a three 
million dollar corporation of Bridgeport, 
and during his long and successful career 
he has given to the world a number of 
electrical devices which have enabled 
other manufacturers by their use to mar- 
ket with vastly greater volume the prod- 
ucts of their own plants, and incidentally 
to add to their wealth, while the employ- 
ment of these devices has contributed be- 
yond all computation to the comfort and 
convenience! of the mercantile and in- 
dustrial public and of the home-maker ; 
indeed, wherever electricity has carried 
its modern-day blessings, the Bryant de- 
vices have been made a vehicle of its ap- 
plication. Mr. Bryant is a director in 
other important industries, besides being 
an official in two banks. The Bryant 
Electric Company has contributed in a 
very large measure to the industrial 
growth and the prestige of the city of 
Bridgeport as a manufacturing center. Its 
head stands high in favor with the United 
States government. During the World 
War he was appointed chief of the Bridge- 
port Ordnance District by the War De- 
partment in February of 1918, a position 
which he filled with remarkable ability 
until January, 1919. After the United 
States declared war against Germany, the 
country was divided into thirteen ord- 
nance districts. Previous to this action 
Bridgeport had attracted country-wide 
attention to itself because of its great out- 
put of war munitions. The Bridgeport 
district was officially named District No. 
2 upon the United States Ordnance De- 
partment becoming decentralized. Mr. 
Bryant was given full authority for the 
organization of his district, which became 
the second in importance of its kind in 
the country. 



The founder of the Bryant family name 
in this country, Stephen Bryant, has his 
name in the records of Plymouth Colony 
in 1638. Following his removal to Dux- 
bury, he was listed as among those able to 
bear arms in 1643. He was admitted a 
freeman June 6, 1654, at Plymouth, to 
which place he again had removed about 
1650, He was a constable in Duxbury 
June 6, 1654; highway surveyor at Plym- 
outh June I, 1658; served on the jury 
March 5, 1660-61 ; and was constable at 
Plymouth June i, 1663. He married Abi- 
gail, daughter of John Shaw, who came 
from England. Their children : Abigail, 
born in Plymouth Colony, married Lieu- 
tenant John Bryant; John; Mary; Ste- 
phen (2) ; Sarah ; Lydia, married William 
Churchill ; Elizabeth, married Joseph 
King. Stephen (2) Bryant, son of Ste- 
phen and Abigail (Shaw) Bryant, was 
born at Plymouth, February 2, 1658. He 
settled at Plymouth. The principal facts 
of his record of existence are the births of 
his children. He married Mehitable, sur- 
name unknown. Their children : Ste- 
phen (3) ; David ; William ; Hannah ; Ich- 
abod ; Timothy. Ichabod, son of Stephen 
(2) Bryant, was born in Middleboro, Mas- 
sachusetts, July 5, 1699. He was an an- 
cestor of William Cullen Bryant, poet and 
journalist, through his son Philip and 
grandson Peter, father of William Cullen 
Bryant. Ichabod lived in Raynham, Mas- 
sachusetts, and from that village he re- 
moved to North Bridgewater. He died at 
Bridgewater, Massachusetts, November 
22, 1759. He married Ruth Staples, who 
died May 27, 1777. Their children : Philip, 
married Silence Harwood ; Nathan ; Seth ; 
married Elizabeth French ; Job, see for- 
ward ; Gamaliel, settled in New Bedford, 
Massachusetts ; Phebe, married Henry 

Howard ; Ruth, married Holmes ; 

Sarah, married Francis Cook ; Anna, mar- 



89 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ried 



Robinson ; Prudence, died un- 



married. 

Job Bryant, son of Ichabod and Ruth 
(Staples) Bryant, was born in Bridge- 
water or in the neighbor town of Rayn- 
ham, Massachusetts, about 1742. He was 
a blacksmith and a farmer. He was also 
a soldier of the Revolution. He married 
Mary Turner. Their children : Anna, mar- 
ried Abiel Phillips of Easton ; Nathan, mar- 
ried Sarah Jordan ; Calvin, married Re- 
becca Morse ; Job Staples, married Lovice 
Pratt ; Thirza, married Mannasseh Dick- 
erman ; Oliver, married Nabby, daughter 
of Timothy Ames ; Clement, see forward ; 
David ; Samuel ; Asa, married (first) Me- 
hitable Snow, married (second) Betsy 
Snow, sister of his first wife ; Harriet, 
married David Dunbar, Jr. 

Clement Bryant, son of Job and Mary 
(Turner) Bryant, was bom about 1785 
at Bridgewater, Massachusetts. He was 
a blacksmith virtually all his life. He en- 
listed for service in the War of 1812, and 
his widow received a pension in the form 
of a grant of one hundred and sixty acres 
of land. He died in 1837. He married in 
1805, at Athol, Massachusetts, Rachel 
Wheeler, daughter of Zaccheus Wheeler. 
Their children : Royal ; Mercy ; George 
Quincy Adams, of whom further ; Mary 
Ann ; Richard ; Silence ; Jonathan ; Calvin 
Turner, of whom further; and Rachel. 

George Q. Adams Bryant, son of Clem- 
ent and Rachel (Wheeler) Bryant, born 
January 9, 1819, at North Orange, Mas- 
sachusetts. He removed to Athol, and 
later to Winchendon, Massachusetts, 
where he engaged in house-painting in 
partnership with his brother Calvin 
Turner. In i860 they entered the grocery 
business and remained together in that 
line with great success until the death 
of the brother Calvin, July 14, 1906, 
since which time George Q. Adams con- 



ducted the business. George served in the 
Civil War, entering as a private and re- 
turning as third sergeant. He married 
Louise A. Roby, daughter of Moody 
Roby, Peru, Vermont. She died June 20, 
1894. They had no own children. They 
adopted Finette Miller, daughter of Mary 
Ann (Bryant) Miller, sister of Mr. Bry- 
ant. Children of Thomas and Mary Ann 
(Bryant) Miller: Joseph of Athol; Albert 
of Athol ; Finette, married John W. 
Barnes, of Westminster, Massachusetts. 
Calvin Turner Bryant, eighth child of 
Clement and Rachel (Wheeler) Bryant, 
of Athol, Massachusetts, and father of 
Waldo Calvin Bryant, of this review, was 
born June 11, 1830, at Athol. His time 
outside school was spent in his uncle's 
chair factory. After a year of work in a 
restaurant in Worcester, Massachusetts, 
he was employed by the successor of the 
first owner, and subsequently bought the 
restaurant. He sold out that business 
and started another restaurant. After a 
year had passed he abandoned that busi- 
ness and entered a pistol factory. Tak- 
ing part in the gold rush to California, he 
remained there from 185 1 to 1855, and 
"made his pile." He again went West in 
1856, and returned in the fall of that year 
to Winchendon, where he engaged in 
house-painting. In 1859 he journeyed 
to Pike's Peak in quest of gold, but was 
unsuccessful. He went on by ox-team 
to California and remained there a 
year, when he returned to Winchendon 
and his house-painting, which business 
he conducted until i860, when he and 
George Q. Adams engaged in the gro- 
cery business, which Calvin Turner fol- 
lowed until his death, July 14, 1906, the 
partnership having been in existence for 
forty-six years. Calvin Bryant was a 
member of the First Baptist Church of 
Winchendon. He was an active member 



90 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of the Republican party, and was overseer 
of the poor of his town for a number of 
years. He was a director of the Win- 
chendon Cooperative Bank from its in- 
corporation until his death. He was one 
of the town's most highly respected and 
esteemed citizens. Calvin Bryant mar- 
ried, October 9, i860, Almeda Dexter, of 
Royalston, Massachusetts, born January 
2, 1830, daughter of Ebenezer Wheeler 
and Cynthia (Walker) Dexter. Mr. Dex- 
ter was born March 24, 1780; died in i860. 
He was a farmer and mill owner and held 
many responsible offices in Royalston. 
His wife was born December 19, 1799; 
died in May, 1870. The children of Cal- 
vin Turner and Almeda (Dexter) Bryant: 
Flora Almeda, born November 21, 1861, 
and became a valued teacher in the Win- 
chendon public schools; Waldo Calvin, 
of this review. 

Waldo Calvin Bryant, son of Calvin 
Turner and Almeda (Dexter) Bryant, was 
born December 17, 1863, at Winchendon, 
Massachusetts. He attended the schools 
of his native town until he was fourteen 
years of age, when he entered the shops 
of Baxter D. Whitney at Winchendon 
and began to learn the machinist's trade, 
also pursuing his studies during the 
school terms and serving at his trade dur- 
ing the vacation periods. After finishing 
his course of study at the grammar school 
when he was sixteen years of age, he en- 
tered Cushing Academy at Ashburnham, 
Massachusetts, and prepared for entrance 
to Worcester Polytechnic Institute. He 
was graduated from the institute in the 
class of 1884 at the age of twenty with the 
degree of Bachelor of Science. He at 
once secured a position in the expert 
department of the Thomson-Houston 
Electric Company of Lynn, Massachu- 
setts. He only held that position one 
month, and was transferred to Bridge- 



port as assistant to George Cutter in the 
operation of the local electric light plant. 
He continued to fill that position until the 
spring of 1885, when a Bridgeport com- 
pany took charge of the local plant, and 
he went to Waterbury, Connecticut, to 
take charge of a part of the work of super- 
intending the Waterbury Electric Light 
Company. He was with the Waterbury 
Company a little more than three years, 
and during that period he had invented 
the Bryant "push and pull switch," which 
with other electric light supplies he soon 
began to manufactureataplant in Bridge- 
port. He organized the Bryant Electric 
Company, having only a small capital, 
but having taken out patents on a number 
of electric lighting devices, he continued 
to manufacture them until July, 1889, 
when he incorporated the Bryant Electric 
Company with a capital stock of five thou- 
sand dollars. 

Under the skilfully guiding hand of Mr. 
Bryant the business of the corporation 
took on amazing growth, and it is rated 
as at the very forefront of concerns of the 
kind in this country. Mr. Bryant fills the 
positions of president, treasurer, general 
manager and director of the corporation. 
He also occupies the offices of president, 
treasurer, general manager and director 
of the Perkins Electric Switch Manu- 
facturing Company. He is a man of in- 
fluence in financial circles, and is a direc- 
tor of the First National Bank of Bridge- 
port, and vice-president and trustee of the 
People's Savings Bank. His connection 
with other enterprises includes director- 
ships in the Bridgeport Hydraulic Com- 
pany, the Bridgeport Brass Company, the 
Bead Chain Manufacturing Company, and 
the Siemon Corporation. He is a director 
of the Bridgeport Hospital, Bridgeport 
Public Library and Bridgeport Boys' 
Club. He is a member of the American 



91 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Institute of Electrical Engineers of New 
York. His clubs are the Union League, 
Bankers' University, and the New Eng- 
land Society of New York, the Brook- 
lawn, University and Algonquin of 
Bridgeport, the Country Club of Fair- 
field, Connecticut, and the Metabetchouan 
Club of Canada. 

Mr. Bryant married, April 6, 1887, Ida 
Gerald of New London, Connecticut, and 
they have two children : Waldo Gerald, 
born July 30, 1891, and Doris, born March 
26, 1902 ; graduated from the Westover 
School, Westover, Connecticut. 

Waldo Gerald Bryant, son of Waldo 
C. and Ida (Gerald) Bryant, was born in 
Bridgeport, Connecticut, July 30, 1891. 
He was educated in public and private 
schools in Bridgeport, the Hotchkiss 
School and Sheffield Scientific School, 
Yale University, class of 1914. In that 
year the Bead Chain Manufacturing Com- 
pany was organized and incorporated and 
he became president and treasurer, posi- 
tions he still retains. May i, 1917, he 
enlisted at Newport, Rhode Island, in the 
United States Naval Reserve Forces as 
quartermaster, third class, for service in 
the World War. September 15, 191 7, he 
was transferred to the submarine base at 
New London, Connecticut, and was de- 
tailed for duty with the board of anti-sub- 
marine devices. In January, 1918, he was 
commissioned an ensign, and continued 
his duties with the same board in experi- 
mental work and in the development of 
anti-submarine devices until January i, 
1919, when he was ordered on inactive 
duty until May i, 1921, when he was hon- 
orably discharged. Mr. Bryant is a direc- 
tor of the Bridgeport Trust Company. 
His clubs are the Brooklawn Country 
and the University of Bridgeport, the 
Pequoit Yacht Club of Southport, Yale 
Club of New York City, and the Meta- 



betchouan Club of Canada. Mr. Bryant 
married, October 7, 1919, Ruth McCaskey, 
daughter of Frederick E. and Marietta 
(Beach) McCaskey, of Toledo, Ohio. Mr. 
and Mrs. Bryant are the parents of two 
children : Ruth Ann and Waldo Dexter 
Bryant. 



BISHOP. Henry Alfred, 

Rail'iray Official. 

Having as his American progenitor 
Rev. John Bishop, Puritan minister of 
Boston, Massachusetts, who afterward be- 
came the minister at Stamford, Connecti- 
cut, Henry Alfred Bishop, of the fifth 
generation of descent, has become one of 
the best-known railroad men of the East. 
He is a son of the celebrated William D. 
Bishop, who as president of the New 
York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad 
Company gave to that system one of the 
very best administrations known to rail- 
road annals in the United States, and 
brought that property up to a high grade 
of efficiency and a place of prosperity 
which since never has been surpassed and 
seldom equalled in all its history. The 
deplorable state of the New Haven system 
of these latter days does not have its root 
in the regimes at the head of which were 
those genii of railroading who were of the 
House of Bishop. 

Henry Alfred Bishop has proved his 
worth as the son of a great father, and in 
addition has demonstrated his own ability 
in managing important transportation 
systems. He has had much to do with 
the coordination of the railroad lines of 
the New England States, inclusive of val- 
ued service to the New Haven Railroad in 
its palmy days and of executive and man- 
agerial offices on railroads of the Middle 
Atlantic States. His contributions to the 
political life of the State of Connecticut 



92 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and his home city of Bridgeport have been 
marked with fidelity to the trust reposed 
in him when he filled the offices of mem- 
ber of the State Legislature, a member of 
the Board of Aldermen and president of 
the Board of Police Commissioners. His 
business, financial, social and fraternal 
associations are widely varied and of great 
value, he being either an officer, a director 
or a stockholder in numerous industrial 
and financial institutions and corpora- 
tions, while in club life and in the realm 
of the more important fraternities he has 
membership of long standing. His career 
has, in fact, shed additional luster on the 
family name of Bishop, of which the peo- 
ple of Connecticut in general and of New 
England as well are justifiably proud. 

The surname Bishop was in common 
use in England many centuries ago, and 
some eleven immigrants of that name 
emigrated from there with their families 
before 1650. Rev. John Bishop, minister 
of Stamford, who founded the family 
name in this country, married (first) Re- 
becca, surname unknown. He married 
(second) Joanna Royce, widow of Rev. 
Peter Prudden and of Captain Thomas 
Willet of Swansea. Massachusetts. Of the 
first union there were six children, of 
whom Stephen was born in Stamford 
about 1660. He married Mercy, surname 
unknown, and had eight children. He 
had a son, John (2), born in Stamford 
about 1680 and married Mary Talmadge 
of Stamford. They had nine children. 
From Rev. John Bishop the direct line 
descends through : 

(I) Pierson Bishop, lineal descendant 
of the minister of Stamford, was living in 
that town in 1790. He married Hannah 
Finch, and had children, among whom 
was William. 

(II) William Bishop, son of Pierson 
and Hannah (Finch) Bishop, born June 



23, 1769, at Stamford, died February 24, 
1844. He married Susanna, at Bridge- 
port, daughter of John and Sarah (Nich- 
ols) Scofield. They had eleven children, 
of whom was Alfred. 

(III) Alfred Bishop, son of William 
and Susanna (Scofield) Bishop, was born 
at Stamford, December 21, 1798, and died 
June 12, 1849. He had a great career as 
a railroad contractor and built a large 
canal and a bridge over the Raritan River 
at New Brunswick, New Jersey, and was 
the first and chief builder of the New 
York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad, 
the old Housatonic Valley and the Berk- 
shire, Washington & Saratoga Railroads, 
and the Naugatuck Railroad, which after- 
ward became a division of the New Haven 
system. He was the first member of the 
House of Bishop to lay the foundation of 
the family fame as builders and execu- 
tives of great transportation properties. 
He married Mary, daughter of Ethan Fer- 
ris of Greenwich, Connecticut, who died 
January 3, 1833. They had three children. 

(IV) William D. Bishop, second son of 
Alfred and Mary (Ferris) Bishop, was 
born in Bloomfield, New Jersey, Sep- 
tember 14, 1827, and died February 4, 
1904. He was the greatest of the Bishops 
who had to do with the upbuilding and 
executive management of the New Haven 
Railroad System. He was graduated 
from Yale University in the class of 1849, 
having had a brilliant career as a student. 
He was a skillful debater in the college's 
political forum, and was president of the 
Linonia Society, which was rated as one 
of the highest honors in the college world 
of his time. His father having died in 
June, 1849, during the month of his gradu- 
ation, the mantle of heavy responsibility 
fell upon his young shoulders — he was 
only twenty-two at the time. William 
D. completed the contracts, including rail- 



93 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



roads in the West. In his young man- 
hood he became a director of the Nauga- 
tuck Railroad. Next he filled the office 
of superintendent, and the directors, 
stockholders and the public saw almost at 
once that in William D. Bishop they had 
a "born railroad man." In 1855, six years 
after leaving college, he was elected pres- 
ident of the Naugatuck road, and he de- 
veloped the property into one of the best 
paying railroads in the United States. He 
served as president of the Naugatuck for 
twelve years, and in 1867 he was elevated 
to the position of chief executive of the 
New York, New Haven & Hartford Rail- 
road, retaining, however, his interest in 
the Naugatuck Railroad, to whose pres- 
idency he was recalled in 1885. The in- 
terims on the Naugatuck had been filled 
as president by Russell Tomlinson, 1867- 
69, and E. F. Bishop, brother of William 
D., 1869-83. While the Naugatuck was 
under the management of William D. 
Bishop, that railroad became one of the 
most conspicuous of the transportation 
properties in the country ; for it netted the 
shareholders a ten per cent dividend re- 
turn, and it was on this basis that it was 
leased to the New York, New Haven & 
Hartford Railroad in 1887. Of the long 
period of prosperity which the New 
Haven system enjoyed under the guiding 
hands of the Bishop family thirty-six years 
constituted the tenure of office of William 
D. Bishop as president, and in October, 
1903, his health having become impaired, 
he retired from office and was succeeded 
by his son, William D. Bishop, Jr. The 
senior Bishop's name remained at the 
head of the list of directors of the New 
Haven until his death. During his term 
of office he was a member of the Con- 
necticut General Assembly, and during 
his membership an act was passed con- 
solidating the New York and New Haven 



and the Hartford and Springfield lines. 
Later the Shore Line was leased, and the 
Harlem & Port Chester and the Hartford 
& Connecticut Valley roads were ab- 
sorbed into the New Haven. Mr. Bishop 
was a director for many years of the Hou- 
satonic Railroad, and was a director of the 
Bridgeport Steamboat Company, which 
now is controlled by the New York, New 
Haven & Hartford Railroad Company. 
He was founder and president until his 
death of the Eastern Railroad Associa- 
tion, which was formed to protect the 
railroads of the East against patent suits. 

Mr. Bishop was an outstanding leader 
of the Democratic Party in Connecticut 
of his time. He was elected to Congress 
in 1857, and was the youngest member 
of that body, being also noted for his 
eloquence in debate, or in impromptu 
speeches. Failing of reelection, he was 
appointed commissioner of patents by 
President Buchanan, and he systematized 
his department, so that it functioned in 
a highly efficient manner. He was ad- 
mitted to the bar of the State of Connecti- 
cut in 1870, and in 1871 he was elected 
representative from the Bridgeport Dis- 
trict to the Connecticut Assembly. In 
1877-78 he was a member of the State 
Senate. He drafted and promoted the 
passage of the general railroad law, which 
was declared to be a model of its kind. 

Mr. Bishop married Julia Ann, daughter 
of Russell and Martha H. Tomlinson. 
They were the parents of five children : 
I. Mary Ferris, born October 4, 1851. 2. 
- Alfred, born June 11, 1853, died April 18, 
1854. 3. Dr. Russell Tomlinson, born 
April I, 1856; married Minnie Lockwood, 
and has one child, Julian Tomlinson. 4. 
William Darius, Jr., born December 16, 
1857, married February 21, 1882, Susan 
Adele, daughter of Elihu Benjamin Wash- 
burn, and has children : Natalie W. and> 

94 W' 



^ 



1^' 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



William D. Bishop (3). 5. Henry Alfred, 
of whom this review is made. 6. Nathan- 
iel W., born July 16, 1865 ; married, Octo- 
ber 31, 1889, Anna Lucinda, daughter of 
Dr. I. DeVer H. Warner of Bridgeport, 
and has children, Warner, Alfred, and 
Nathaniel W., Jr. 

(V) Henry Alfred Bishop, son of Wil- 
liam D. and Julia Ann (Tomlinson) 
Bishop, was born in Bridgeport, Decem- 
ber 4, i860. He was educated in the Hill- 
side School of Bridgeport, Hurlburt's 
School at Lime Rock, Connecticut, and 
General William H. Russell's Military 
School at New Haven, Connecticut. He 
matriculated at Yale University in the 
class of 1884, but did not finish his course. 
While at college he was elected a mem- 
ber of the fraternities D K, Hay Boulay, 
and Psi Upsilon. His career as a railroad 
man began September 21, 1881, when he 
was appointed general ticket agent of the 
Naugatuck Railroad. In 1883 he was 
made purchasing agent, and in 1885 as- 
sistant superintendent, holding all these 
offices until February, 1886. He next was 
appointed superintendent of the Housa- 
tonic Railroad and when that road had 
leased the Danbury Railroad, he was 
made general superintendent of the Hou- 
satonic and all its subsidiaries or branches. 
He was appointed purchasing agent of the 
New York, New Haven & Hartford Rail- 
road April I, 1887, and held that office 
until his resignation, March i, 1902, to be- 
come the acting vice-president of the 
West Virginia Central and the Western 
Maryland Railroad companies, which had 
been acquired by a syndicate in which he 
was interested. He was afterwards ele- 
vated to the vice-presidency of both rail- 
roads, but he relinquished his offices in 
December, 1903, owing to his father's ill- 
health. He has, however, since been ac- 
tively connected with different railroad 



companies. He stands high in circles of 
commanding influence in the city of 
Bridgeport, which he served as a member 
of the Board of Aldermen with his usual 
marked ability. He was elected in 1886 
to the State Legislature at Hartford. He 
was president of the Board of Police Com- 
missioners of the city of Bridgeport from 
1888 to 1890. He was a candidate for the 
office of Secretary of State on the Demo- 
cratic ticket in 1888, and in 1904 was a 
candidate for lieutenant-governor. For 
each of these offices he received a large 
vote. He was president of the Bridgeport 
Board of Trade in 1900-01. He is the 
president and a director of the Bridgeport 
Public Library and of the Bridgeport 
Boys' Club. He is a director of the Texas 
& Pacific Railway Company, Westchester 
Street Railway Company, Brady Brass 
Company, vice-president and a member of 
the executive committee of the Consoli- 
dated Telephone Company of Pennsyl- 
vania, trustee of the People's Savings 
Bank of Bridgeport, chairman of the 
board of directors of the McNabb Com- 
pany, a director of the Bridgeport Gas 
Company, director and member of execu- 
tive committee of the Western Union 
Telegraph Company, director of the 
American District Telegraph Company. 
He was vice-president and a director of 
the Connecticut National Bank of Bridge- 
port, afterward consolidated with the 
First National Bank, of which he is a 
director. He is vice-president of the Her- 
rick Combustion Company and the Pacific 
Iron Works, vice-president and a director 
of the Clapp Fire Resisting Paint Com- 
pany and a director of the Brooklawn 
Company. He is a member of the Sinking 
Fund Commission and of the City Finance 
Committee of Bridgeport, a director of 
the Mountain Grove Cemetery Associa- 
tion and a trustee of the Bridgeport 



95 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Orphans' Asylum and the Ladies' Charit- 
able Society. He is a communicant of St. 
John's Protestant Episcopal Church, a 
member of its vestry and chairman of its 
finance committee. He is a member of 
the Sons of the Revolution, the Society of 
Colonial Wars and the BridgefKirt Scien- 
tific and Historical Society. He is affili- 
ated with all the bodies of the Free and 
Accepted Masons up to the 33d Degree, 
and is a member of the Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks. He is a mem- 
ber of the Contemporary Club, a former 
president and honorary member of the Al- 
gonquin Qub, member of the Brooklawn 
Country Club and a former president of 
that organization, member of the Uni- 
versity Club of Bridgeport, member and 
secretary of the membership committee of 
the New York Yacht Club, member of the 
Yale Club of New York, the Recess Club, 
the Hollenbeck Club of Connecticut and 
the Metabetchouan Fish and Game Club 
of Canada. 

Mr. Bishop married, February 6, 1883, 
Jessie Alvord, daughter of William E. 
Trubee, of Bridgeport. Their children: i. 
William Alfred, born 1885, died 1886. 2. 
Marguerite Alvord, graduate of Ingleside 
School, New Milford, Connecticut; mar- 
ried Dr. H. LeBaron Peters, and has chil- 
dren, Henry Walker and William Charles 
Peters. 3. Henrietta. 4. Henry Alfred, 
Jr., educated at the Hotchkiss School and 
Yale University ; married Gloria Gould, 
youngest daughter of George J. Gould. 

The Henry Alfred Bishop residence is 
No. 179 Washington Avenue, Bridgeport. 



FONES, Hon. CivUian, D. D. S., 
Dental Snrgeon. 

Born in the same year that the city of 
Bridgeport was chartered by the Connect- 
icut General Assembly as an incorporated 



municipality, and of which he was twice 
elected mayor. Dr. Civilian Fones, who 
became one of the most prominent men in 
municipal affairs of his time and one of 
the foremost dentists of the State of Con- 
necticut, was the father of a distinguished 
son, who, following in the footsteps of his 
parent, is recognized as without a peer 
in his profession. Dr. Alfred C. Fones, 
known throughout the country as "The 
Father of the Dental Hygienist Move- 
ment." During the terms of office of the 
senior Fones and his regime as mayor, the 
city of Bridgeport and its people became 
the beneficiaries of an era of remarkable 
progress in municipal improvements and 
in the forward movement of her institu- 
tions and the general uplift of the body 
politic. It was mainly through his efforts 
and influence that Congress was persuaded 
to pass a bill and make the appropriation 
for the erection of the United State Post 
Office and Government Building at Broad 
and Cannon streets, on the site of the old 
St. John's Church, Bridgeport. Profes- 
sionally he rose to the place of very high- 
est esteem and confidence in the city of 
his immediate activities, and in the State 
his abilities were recognized by his ap- 
pointment for two terms as a member of 
the Connecticut State Dental Commission 
by Governor Morris and of which body he 
was elected president upon its organiza- 
tion. He had also been honored with the 
presidency of the Connecticut Valley 
Dental Association and of the Connecti- 
cut State Dental Society. When he died 
in 1907, at the age of seventy-one years, 
there passed one of the most remarkable 
figures and versatile citizens of his gener- 
ation in the city of Bridgeport, and his 
death was mourned not only by the mu- 
nicipality but also by men prominent in 
official walks in the government of the 
State, while to the dental profession there 



96 



J 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



was lost a member who had graced it 
with his skill and with a rare and pleasing 
personality and splendid fellowship. 

In the sixth generation from his im- 
migrant ancestor, Captain John Fones, 
who settled in Newport, Rhode Island, 
before 1659, ^"d afterwards lived at 
Jamestown and Kingston, Rhode Island, 
Civilian Fones was of French Hugue- 
not stock, his paternal great-grandfather, 
Daniel Fones, having been one of those 
who became exiles to England during the 
reign of Louis XIV and afterwards be- 
came an officer in the British navy. Upon 
his retirement from the service of the 
Crown he was awarded a grant of fifteen 
hundred acres of land in Rhode Island, 
where the old town of Wickford now 
stands, and on which he located. Daniel 
Fones, his son, who was the father of 
Christopher, who was the father of Civil- 
ian Fones, was born on the ancestral tract. 
Christopher, also born on the family 
homestead, married Sarah A. Marigold of 
South Carolina, who was of English an- 
cestry, and for a time, while serving as 
architect and builder in connection with 
a large contract that he was executing in 
Toronto, Canada, lived in that city and 
the vicinity, and it was while a temporary 
resident there that his son. Civilian Fones 
was born, October i, 1836, at Belleville, 
Province of Ontario. Civilian was reared 
in his father's profession and business, 
but, on the family returning to the United 
States and taking their residence in 
Bridgeport, the son became identified with 
the pioneer dental manufacturing estab- 
lishment of Dr. D. H. Porter, where he 
began to study for the profession of den- 
tistry. Subsequently he entered the Bal- 
timore Dental College, whence he was 
graduated ; and for forty-six years he 
practiced his profession with signal suc- 
cess in Bridgeport, his clientele including 
Conn. 11 — 7 97 



some of the wealthiest and most influen- 
tial families in the city and its suburbs. 
He became a member of the first Connect- 
icut State Dental/ Commission, having 
been appointed by Governor Luzon B. 
Morris, in 1892-93, and was reappointed 
by Governor Coffin for his second term. 
Dr. Fones identified himself with the 
Republican Party upon its organization, 
but it was not until 1884 that he held a 
political office. In that year he was 
elected to represent his ward as council- 
man in the City Government of Bridge- 
port. In the following year he was elected 
alderman, and he continued to advance in 
the favor of the electorate ; for in 1886 he 
was elected mayor of the city, having the 
unusual honor conferred upon him of the 
support of both parties. He overcame the 
opposition's majority by about one thou- 
sand votes, and in the campaign of the 
ensuing year, 1887, his administration re- 
ceived a remarkable endorsement in his 
reelection by an increased majority, with 
the virtually united support from both 
parties. Some of the improvements 
accomplished during his administrations 
were the removal of the railroad tracks 
from Water Street, the removal of the old 
Miller Building, the erection of the lower 
bridge and the locating of several gates 
and crossings. Both of his terms as 
mayor were marked with harmony, and 
there was no political disturbance by 
either party, so that his conduct of the 
city's business was virtually untrammeled 
and he was permitted to carry out his 
policies without interference. Dr. Fones 
was grand marshal of the great civic and 
military parade in 1888 as a part of the 
celebration of the bi-centennial of the in- 
corporation of the borough of Bridgeport. 
He was a member and had served as 
president of the Seaside Club and the 
Outing Club. He was also a member of 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the New York Athletic Club and was 
affiliated with all the bodies of the Free 
and Accepted Masons, inclusive of the 
32d degree Scottish Rite. He was also 
a member of the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows. 

Dr. Fones married, October 21, 1863, 
Phoebe E., daughter of Alfred S. Wright 
of New York City. Their children : 
George, died at the age of four years ; 
Grace ; and Dr. Alfred C. Fones. 



FONES, Alfred C, D. D. S., 
Dental Surgeon. 

It may be stated with emphasis that no 
member of the dental profession, at least 
in the State of Connecticut, has done more 
to confer the benefits of the advancement 
of that department of surgery upon the 
people of the commonwealth than has 
Dr. Alfred C. Fones, son of Dr. Civilian 
and Phoebe E. (Wright) Fones, born in 
Bridgeport, December 17, 1869, and who 
is acknowledged by his contemporaries to 
be at the very pinnacle of the profession. 
The great strides in dental hygiene among 
the school children of the city of Bridge- 
port and later among the schools of large 
communities of the State and country are 
traceable to the professional foresight and 
skill of Dr. Fones, who was among the 
first, if not the very first, to develop the 
idea of training women to become assist- 
ants to dentists in prophylactic work. 
How much this progressive step has 
accomplished in promoting the campaign 
for sanitation of the oral cavity can only 
be measured by the almost phenomenal 
rise in the health of the school population 
and in the beneficent results of the edu- 
cation in dental hygiene not only upon the 
pupils themselves but also indirectly upon 
the entire family at home. The vision 
that Dr. Fones received a quarter of a 



century ago has been concretely realized 
in the state-wide adoption of prophylactic 
treatment in the hands of specially trained 
women in service in dental establishments 
following the amendment of the State 
dental law, at his request, to the effect 
that women who were not graduate den- 
tists might be employed in that depart- 
ment of operative work. Such remark- 
able results were attained by this move- 
ment, that Dr. Fones was led to seek the 
establishment of dental hygiene by means 
of clinics among the school children of 
Bridgeport. Patient and painstaking at- 
tention to the line of campaign he had 
marked out was finally crowned with suc- 
cess. Dr. Fones is recognized as an au- 
thority on this subject, and on it he has 
read many papers before dental society 
gatherings and prepared many articles for 
magazines devoted to the profession. 

Having received his elementary train- 
ing and preparatory education in the 
Bridgeport schools, Alfred C. Fones en- 
tered the New York College of Dentistry, 
whence he was graduated in the class 
of 1890. He at once engaged in the 
practice of his profession in association 
with his honored father, who many 
years before had become established 
as a dentist in Bridgeport. Some of 
the high lights in Dr. Fones' career have 
been raised by the following incidents: 
In 1900 he conceived the idea of training 
women specially for prophylactic work. 
He evolved a system of instrumentation 
and polishing for use in his office, and 
practiced it until 1905, when the lack of 
proper amount of time for the work forced 
him to carry out his original conviction 
of the employment of a trained woman for 
that work. He did so, and has had a 
highly trained woman on his staff at his 
office for twenty years. He has made 
prophylactic treatments compulsory with 



98 





'U ^. ^'^ 



i 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



his patients. It was in 1907 that as chair- 
man of the legislative committee of the 
Connecticut State Dental Association he 
was able to secure an amendment to the 
State dental law providing for the legal- 
ized employment of women specially 
trained in prophylactic treatment as as- 
sistants to dentists. In 1900 he inaugu- 
rated prophylactic work in his office. Be- 
ginning in 1909, and after four years of 
strenuous effort, he secured an appropria- 
tion of five thousand dollars by the 
Bridgeport City Council to the Board of 
Education to conduct a demonstration of 
the value of an educational and preventive 
dental clinic. Dr. Fones enlisted the aid 
of other professional men in order to make 
use of the special fund and to train the 
new corps of women prophylactic opera- 
tors in Dr. Fones' magnificently appointed 
office building where there were excellent 
facilities for such a class. In 1914, eight- 
een prominent educators of the East gave 
their services gratis to educate the first 
corps of women to be known as dental 
hygienists, the title now generally applied 
to them at the suggestion of Dr. Fones in 
preference to "dental nurse," "prophy- 
lactic assistant," etc. A textbook on the 
subject of "Mouth Hygiene — A Textbook 
for Dental Hygienists" was published and 
now is in its second edition, it being in 
use in many of the hygienists' training 
schools. In 1915 Dr. Fones secured an 
amendment to the State Dental law which 
prescribed the field of the dental hygienist 
and made provision for licensing these 
women, for the first time in any State of 
the Union. The movement has spread 
from the private offices of dentists, to the 
public schools, to hospitals and to dis- 
pensaries. The soldiers in the World War 
who were mobilized in Bridgeport were 
given the prophylactic treatment by the 
dental hygienists of Connecticut, with 



beneficial results. This work was organ- 
ized and conducted by Dr. Fones as a 
free clinic in his office. In addition to this 
war work, Dr. Fones served on the Dental 
Committee of the Medical Board, Council 
of National Defense, and was chairman of 
the government's sub-committee on den- 
tal hygiene for mobilized men and was 
chairman of the New England division 
of the Preparedness League of American 
Dentists. 

Dr. Fones has served as chairman of the 
oral hygiene committee of the National 
Dental Association. When his own 
courses were completed he cooperated 
with the courses in oral hygiene at Colum- 
bia University, in 1918-22. In October, 
1920, he was appointed professor of pre- 
ventive dentistry at the Columbia Uni- 
versity Dental School, and conducted this 
course for two years. Owing to the pres- 
sure of his work in Connecticut Dr. Fones 
was obliged to resign his professorship. 
In February, 1921, he went to Honolulu, 
at the request of ex-Governor George 
Carter and Mrs. Carter, to suggest a plan 
for dental service for the school children 
of the Hawaiian Islands. His suggestion 
of a plan for a dental hygienist training 
school was carried out in connection with 
a central dental infirmary in Honolulu, 
endowed by Mrs. Carter. The supervisors 
of the training school were hygienists sent 
out from Bridgeport to conduct the first 
course in 1922. The Hawaiian Islands 
now support the educational and prevent- 
ive service in all public schools in the is- 
lands, and hygienists are trained for this 
purpose at the Honolulu Dental Infirm- 
ary. 

Dr. Fones' two-story office building in 
Bridgeport is without doubt the most 
unique, artistic, and aseptic building de- 
voted to dental work owned and operated 
by a dental surgeon in connection with his 



99 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



private practice in this country, if not in 
the world. A printed description of it is 
wholly inadequate to give the correct idea 
of the beauty, symmetry, appointments, 
and equipment contained in this archi- 
tectural and professional gem. One must 
visit the building, spend not a little time 
in inspecting its various departments and 
hearing an explanation of the whole and 
the several parts from Dr. Fones or one 
of his highly specialized attendants. An 
expert in dental matters has well said : 
"Undoubtedly many will say : 'Only a 
man of great wealth could indulge in such 
an office building.' The odd thing is that 
this is no realized air castle of a rich man. 
This building, luxurious as it is, has been 
constructed and is managed on purely 
business principles. Everything is so 
systematized, invested capital, cost of 
maintenance and office charges so har- 
monize that a wonderfully unique, abso- 
lutely aseptic, thoroughly professional 
dental establishment has been proven to 
be practical." 

Dr. Fones was president of the Con- 
necticut State Dental Association, a mem- 
ber of the Connecticut State Dental Com- 
mission, the Northeastern Dental Asso- 
ciation, The American Dental Associa- 
tion, and is deeply interested in educa- 
tional work, having been a member of the 
Bridgeport Board of Education for seven 
years and having served as its president in 
1922-23. He is a Republican in politics, 
a member of the University and the 
Brooklawn Country Clubs of Bridgeport. 

A summary of Dr. Fones' highest pro- 
fessional — and civic — services to his com- 
munity and country at large would quite 
properly embrace these salient facts : He 
has established an auxiliary department 
in dentistry for the prevention of dental 
disease — a new profession for women 
known as dental hygienists. At pres- 



ent there are ten training schools for 
the education of dental hygienists, and 
twenty-six states have amended their 
dental laws to permit these dental hy- 
gienists to practice. It was in Bridge- 
port in 1914 that, at the instance of Dr. 
Fones, there was started the first edu- 
cational preventive dental clinics in the 
public schools of that city. To-day they 
are the popular vogue over this country 
and in Europe, the inception of this pro- 
gressive movement having been in the 
city of Bridgeport. 

Dr. Fones married, November 16, 1892, 
Elizabeth Harwood, daughter of Henry 
Harwood, a banker of Chicago, Illinois. 



BASSICK, Edgar W., 

Manufacturer. 

It was the good fortune of Edgar W. 
Bassick, widely known industrial captain 
and man of aflPairs, of Bridgeport, to have 
been very happily born. On the paternal 
side his immigrant ancestor was a linguist 
of note and became fluent in seven dif- 
ferent languages, being also a sea trader 
to a considerable extent. His grandfather 
was a prosperous Maine farmer, who gave 
each of his children a good education and 
saw them well started in life. His father 
was the discoverer of the first gold field in 
Australia ; he became one of the pioneer 
gold mine discoverers and owners of fa- 
mous gold producing mines in America. 
The son, Edgar W. Bassick, whose activ- 
ities have ramified over the American 
continent, inherited his father's and his 
great-grandfather's capacity for big busi- 
ness, and he has amplified that inheritance 
many-fold. Besides his heavy industrial 
investments, he is prominently identified 
with banking circles in Bridgeport. Dur- 
ing the World War he was one of the 
most highly valued men in the service of 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the government, being at the head of a 
division under the War Industries Board. 
The origin of the surname Bassick is 
found in the French surname Basquet, 
meaning a native of Biscay. In England 
the spelling is Bassack, and Burke gives 
the coat-of-arms as follows : 

Arms — Azure, three piles wavy, in point or, on a 
chief of the first as many mascles of the second. 

The family seat was at Stepney, Mid- 
dlesex, England. 

(I) George Bassick, the first of the 
name in this country, emigrated from 
England to Canada, where he settled on 
the shore of the St. Lawrence River, and 
was there educated by a Colonel Coleman. 
He became noted as a linguist, being 
known to speak at least seven different 
languages. It is said that he came to 
Prospect, Maine, to act as interpreter. He 
settled at Hampden, Maine, in 1790, pur- 
chasing lot No. 126 in the center of the 
town. A considerable portion of his time 
was occupied with trading, and he was 
lost at sea on the vessel "Blackbird." He 
married in Maine, Sarah Goodell, who at- 
tained the age of ninety years and died at 
Prospect. According to the Federal Cen- 
sus of 1790, he was still at Frankfort, now 
Winterport, Hancock County, Maine. 

(II) William Bassick, son of George 
Bassick, was born at Boxport, or Pros- 
pect, Maine, 1790-1800, and died at Wal- 
do, Maine, at the age of seventy-seven 
years. He was reared by his mother, re- 
ceiving his education in the district 
schools, and was engaged in farming at 
Prospect, throughout the active years of 
his life. He was an earnest, conscientious 
man. He married Polly Chase, who died 
at the age of seventy-seven years. Their 
children (born at Prospect) : Eliza Ann, 
married Edward Gay ; William ; Mary 
Jane, married Winthrop Ellis ; Nathaniel ; 



Margaret, married William Adams ; John, 
died young; Ira, died at the age of five 
years ; Edmund Chase, of whom further. 
(HI) Edmund Chase Bassick, born 
August 10, 1833, son of William and Polly 
(Chase) Bassick, died March 15, 1898, 
while on a business trip to Denver, Colo- 
rado. His early life was spent on his 
father's farm at Waldo, Maine, until he 
was fourteen years of age, when he 
shipped on his uncle's vessel, and made a 
voyage around the world. He later 
shipped as second mate on another vessel 
and went to Australia. Although he was 
not much more than a mere boy, it was 
while he was in that country that he dis- 
covered the first gold to be found on that 
continent. News of his discovery was 
followed by the wild rush to the gold- 
fields that featured the stirring scenes on 
sea and continent in the years around 
1850. After spending six years in Aus- 
tralia young Bassick returned to his home 
in Maine. In 1873-74 he was in Colorado, 
prospecting its hills in search of gold. In 
1877 he discovered what was afterward 
known as the Bassick mine in Querida, 
Custer County, in the Wet Mountain 
Valley, near Silver Cliff, Colorado. This 
mine developed one of the richest pro- 
ducers of gold in the United States. Sub- 
sequently Mr. Bassick acquired interests 
in other mines all known as rich mining 
properties. He also became heavily in- 
terested in Colorado coal lands. In the 
fall of 1880 Mr. Bassick came to Bridge- 
port and acquired the old Sherwood place 
at Hancock and Fairfield avenues, and 
later purchased the beautiful residence, 
"Lindencroft," built by the late P. T. 
Barnum. From the very first of his com- 
ing to Bridgeport Mr. Bassick was a firm 
believer in the ultimate growth and pros- 
perity of the city, and in the eventual 
development on a large scale of the West 
lOI 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



End, where he owned large realty hold- 
ings. His long acquaintance with mining 
properties had raised him to the place of 
expert on the determination of the value 
of such properties ; and his advice on these 
matters was eagerly sought by owners 
and prospective investors. He was a man 
of quiet manner, clear insight, vigorous 
action, and keen judgment. He was de- 
voted to his family and found his greatest 
pleasure in their society. He was an 
ardent lover of flowers and took great de- 
light in his extensive grounds and green- 
houses. He enjoyed an acquaintance that 
extended the country over, and his pass- 
ing was deeply mourned by all who knew 
him. He married, in 1871, Rebecca Eliza- 
beth (Webb) Walters, daughter of Fred- 
erick Cleveland and Cynthia Davidson 
Webb. Their children: Edgar Webb, of 
whom further; Frederick Cleveland, a 
sketch of whom follows; William Ros- 
coe ; and Margaret Harriett, who married 
William H. Parks, of Springfield, Massa- 
chusetts. 

(IV) Edgar Webb Bassick, one of the 
leading manufacturers of Connecticut and 
a financier widely known in that State, 
whose vested holdings are centered in 
some of the most important industries of 
the country, was born in Elston, Kansas, 
April 22, 1872, and removed with his par- 
ents, Mr. and Mrs. Edmund Chase Bas- 
sick, to Denver in 1879, and later to Bel- 
fast, Maine. In 1880 he came with his 
parents who settled in Bridgeport, where 
he was educated at the hands of private 
tutors and in the old Jones School and in 
the public schools of Bridgeport, conclud- 
ing his studies with a course at the Peek- 
skill Military Academy, Peekskill, New 
York. His first employment was as office 
boy and billing clerk with the American 
Tube and Stamping Company, where he 
remained two years. He then removed to 



Kansas City, Missouri, where he engaged 
in the wholesale and retail notion busi- 
ness. After a year spent in Kansas City, 
at the request of Mr. Burns, of the old 
Burns & Silver Company, of Bridgeport, 
who asked him to return to that city to 
enter his employ and to grow up with his 
increasing business, although the offer 
was not very alluring, he accepted it, be- 
ginning at the very bottom rung of the 
ladder. He worked his way upward un- 
til, in 1897, he was made secretary of the 
company. In 1898 his father died in Den- 
ver, and the son went West and took over 
his father's aflfairs and adjusted them 
satisfactorily ; and in doing so he demon- 
strated his capacity for doing things on a 
large scale. In 1900 he returned to 
Bridgeport and joined the Burns & Silver 
Company, purchasing a stock interest; 
and a few years before Mr. Burns' death, 
in 191 1, he acquired a one-half interest in 
the M. B. Schenck Company, castor manu- 
facturers, of Meriden, Connecticut. Upon 
Mr. Burns' death, Mr. Bassick became 
president of that company. When the 
World War burst upon the nations Mr. 
Bassick went to New York city, opened 
offices and engaged in the sale of explos- 
ives to the French government and of 
large quantities of time fuses for the 
Canadian government. He next pur- 
chased the Universal Castor and Foundry 
Company of Newark, New Jersey, and 
shortly afterward organized the Bassick 
Company, which took over the Burns & 
Bassick Company, the M. B. Schenck 
Company and the Universal Castor and 
Foundry Company, capitalized at one and 
one-half million dollars, preferred, and 
three million dollars, common stock. Not 
long after the United States entered the 
World War, the great Bassick plants were 
mobilized on war work, manufacturing 
hand grenades and harness hardware. Mr. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Bassick was appointed chairman of the 
Harness Hardware Division by the War 
Industries Board. He was also interested 
in a shipbuilding plant at Mobile, Ala- 
bama. The war ended, the Bassick Com- 
pany purchased the Alemite Lubricator 
Company of Chicago, and organized the 
Bassick Manufacturing Company. In 1923 
the Bassick Alemite Company's Delaware 
corporation was formed and it took over 
the plants of the Bassick Company, the 
Bassick Manufacturing Company, the 
Alemite Products Company of Canada 
and later the Allyne-Zerck Company of 
Cleveland, Ohio, and the E. F. Evans 
Company of Detroit, Michigan. The Bas- 
sick Alemite Company was the holding 
company, and was the parent of the Bas- 
sick subsidiaries. Mr. Bassick is also 
identified with numerous other enter- 
prises. He is vice-president of the Bridge- 
port Savings Bank, a director of the First 
National Bank and a trustee of the Young 
Women's Christian Association of Bridge- 
port. His clubs are Brooklawn and Fair- 
field Country and India House of New 
York. He is a Republican in politics. He 
is a member of the Free and Accepted 
Masons and is a communicant of St. 
John's Episcopal Church, Bridgeport. 

Mr. Bassick married, May 18, 1897, 
Grace Elizabeth Morris, a graduate of 
Smith College, and a daughter of Mar- 
shall E. and Margaret Winter Morris of 
Bridgeport. Mr. Morris for a number of 
years was associated with his father in 
the Sewing Machine Cabinet Company of 
Bridgeport, and was a large real estate 
holder in that city. 

Mr. and Mrs. Bassick are the parents of 
three children: i. Elizabeth Morris Bas- 
sick, educated at the Courtland School in 
Bridgeport, the Capen School and Smith 
College in Northampton, Massachusetts ; 
married Tracy Campbell Dickson, son of 



General Tracy C. Dickson, United States 
Army ; has two children : Tracy Campbell 
Dickson, 3d, and Grace Bassick Dickson. 
2. Edgar W. Bassick, Jr., born in Febru- 
ary, 1902, educated in public schools of 
Bridgeport, the Taft School of Water- 
town, Connecticut, and the Tome School, 
Maryland. 3. Marshall Morris Bassick, 
born in October, 1912. 



BASSICK, Frederick C, 

A modern philosopher, no doubt bor- 
rowing from ancient opinion, declared 
that the education and preparation for 
life of any person should begin genera- 
tions before birth, the meaning being that 
a child must depend upon its forebears for 
success in a great measure. Much de- 
pends upon ancestry. 

Frederick C. Bassick, son of Edmund 
Chase and Rebecca Elizabeth (Webb- 
Walters) Bassick, was born at Rosita, 
Colorado, December 2, 1876. On his 
paternal side an immigrant ancestor was 
a linguist of note, becoming fluent in 
seven different languages. He was a sea 
trader to some extent, and thus knew the 
world. His grandfather was a prosperous 
Maine farmer who gave each of his chil- 
dren a good education and saw them well 
bestowed in life. His father discovered 
the first gold field in Australia, and it was 
he who by his rich find started the great 
gold rush to that continent in the early 
fifties. Thus he was one of the pioneer 
gold mine discoverers and owners of one 
of the most famous gold mining enter- 
prises in the world. (See ancestry on a 
preceding page.) 

Frederick C. Bassick, son of Edmund 
Chase and Rebecca Elizabeth (Webb) 
Bassick, was born in Colorado, as noted. 
In his early boyhood he removed with his 
parents to Belfast, Maine, and later to 



103 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Bridgeport. He was educated by private 
tutors and the old Park Institute, the Uni- 
versity School, and the Hotchkiss School, 
Lakeville, Connecticut. His first employ- 
ment was with the Crawford Dyeing and 
Cleaning Company of Bridgeport, with 
which he remained two years, when he 
organized the Bridgeport Metallic Pack- 
ing Company, of which he became pres- 
ident. He continued in this position for 
five years, when he disposed of his busi- 
ness and in 1907 went with the Burns & 
Bassick Company to learn the business. 
He was successful in this, and later was 
made secretary and manager. On the 
death of Mr. Burns he still continued as 
secretary and manager, and later became 
chief engineer of the Bassick Company, 
retiring from the organization January i, 
1925. For years he had been a director 
of the company. 

Mr. Bassick is a Republican in politics, 
a member of the Brooklawn and Algon- 
quin clubs, and the Fairfield Country 
Club. February 18, 1913, Mr. Bassick 
married Lillian Cordelia Wheeler, daugh- 
ter of Wilmot C. and Sarah F. Curtis 
Wheeler, both of pioneer Connecticut 
families. Mr. and Mrs. Bassick are the 
parents of a daughter, Lillian Cordelia 
Bassick. 



HAVENS, Elmer H., 

Iron Merchant. 

Perhaps no man has contributed more 
substantial and progressive effort to the 
cause of education in the city of Bridge- 
port than has Colonel Elmer H. Havens, 
who for twenty years has been a member 
of the Board of Education, serving first 
as secretary and afterward president, 
which office he continues to fill, so great 
was the demand of the people and of his 
fellow members that he occupy that posi- 



tion, to which he was drafted against his 
will following his two years of voluntary 
retirement after a continuous service of 
eighteen years. Colonel Havens is a mem- 
ber of Hunter & Havens, leading iron and 
steel merchants of Bridgeport. He has 
served his city in various important ca- 
pacities, always without remuneration, 
over a long period of years, having been 
a member of the City Council and of the 
Board of Health before entering upon his 
honorable career as a member and the 
executive head of the Board of Education. 
He has been a member of the staff of 
two governors of Connecticut, through 
which service he attained his rank of 
colonel. He has also been a member of 
the Republican State Committee and of 
the Republican City Committee of Bridge- 
port ; in fact his record of service to State 
and city is a well rounded and meritorious 
one, to which he has generously contrib- 
uted of his time and talents. 

Colonel Havens is descended with other 
members of the old colonial family spell- 
ing their surname with a final "s," this 
being the only family of that name and 
period north of Virginia regularly doing 
so, and his immigrant ancestor was Wil- 
liam (i) Havens of England, who came 
to Rhode Island and was admitted an in- 
habitant of Aquidneck, later called Rhode 
Island, in 1638, and on April 30, 1639, he 
and twenty-eight others signed a com- 
pact : "We ... do acknowledge our- 
selves the legal subjects of His Majesty, 
King Charles, and in his name do hereby 
bind ourselves into a civil body politicke, 
unto his laws according to matters of 
justice." William (i) Havens had a 
grant of four acres of land at Portsmouth, 
Rhode Island, in 1644. December 2, 1662, 
he leased his dwelling house with all lands 
belonging thereto to his son John. His 
will was proved September 25, 1683, his 
104 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 






executrix being his wife Dennis, or Di- 
onis, who died in 1692. Children of Wil- 
liam (i) Havens: i. William (2). 2. 
John, married Ann, and both died in 1687. 
They had sons William, John, Nicholas, 
Daniel. 3. Sarah, married John Tyler, 
who died in 1700. She died in 1718. 4. 
Thomas, died in 1704. He had sons, Wil- 
liam, Thomas, and Joseph. 5. Robert; 
wife Elizabeth ;they had children, Robert, 
Ruth Elizabeth, William, George, Joseph. 
6. George (2), of whom further. 7. Mary, 
married Thomas Cook, and died in 1670. 
8. Ruth, married a Card. 9. Dinah. 10. 
Elizabeth. 11. Martha. 12. Rebecca. 13. 
Margaret. 

George (2) Havens, son of William and 
Dionis Havens, was born at Portsmouth, 
Rhode Island, and died on Shelter Island, 
New York, February 21, 1706-7. He was 
made a freeman in 1680; taxed in Kings- 
town, Rhode Island, 1687 ; constable in 
Jamestown, Rhode Island, July 15, 1695. 
He was on Shelter Island in 1701. He 
married, in 1674, Eleanor, daughter of Ed- 
ward and Elizabeth (Mott) Thurston, 
Quakers of Newport. She was born in 
March, 1655; died November 7, 1747. She 
married (second) a Terry, of Newport. 
Children, born in Rhode Island: i. George 
(3), of whom further. 2. Jonathan, born 
February 22, 1681 ; married, January i, 
1706-7, Hannah Brown. 3. William, died, 
unmarried, in 1746. 4. John, married 
Sarah (surname unknown) and had nine 
children. 5. Content, married Cornelius 
Payne. 6. Patience, married a Soper. 7. 
Desire, married Henry Gardiner, August 
4, 1710. 8. Abigail. 

George (3) Havens, son of George (2) 
and Eleanor (Thurston) Havens, died at 
Fishers Island, March 14, 1734; buried, on 
the i6th, at Groton, Connecticut. He is 
said to have been born on Shelter Island ; 
but in a deed given by George Havens of 



Kingstown, Rhode Island, in 1701, the 
giver calls himself the son of George of 
Shelter Island. His wife's name was 
Mary. Their children: i. Joseph. 2 
Edward, married, 1724, Desire Terry. 3 
George. 4. William. 5. Ebenezer. 6. 
Thurston, married, 1752, Jerusha Polly 
7. John. 8. Eleanor, married a Davilt. 9 
Abigail, married a Fish. 10. Hannah. II 
Mary. 12. Ruth. 

Jonathan Havens, brother of George 
Havens of Shelter Island, had a son 
George, a grandson George, and a great- 
grandson George, of Shelter Island. The 
public records of Somers, Connecticut, in 
Volume III, of "Allen's Enfield, Connect- 
icut," contains the following tombstone 
inscriptions in evidence that George 
Havens lived in that town : "David, son 
of George and Sarah Havens, died Sep- 
tember 22, 1822, aged ten weeks," and 
"Infant son of George and Sarah Havens, 
died May 2, 1837." George Havens, great- 
grandson of Jonathan Havens, married, 
November 22, 1 781, at Saybrook, Connect- 
icut, Lucretia Denison, and there was a 
Jonathan Havens in New London County, 
Connecticut, in the census of 1790. 

Colonel Havens' grandfather was 
George (one of the more immediate an- 
cestry) Havens, who was a resident of 
Somers, Connecticut. His son was George 
(2) Oliver Havens, born November 6, 
1831, at Somers; died July 31, 1918, at 
Bridgeport. He was reared on a farm and 
educated in the district schools. In 1859 
he came to Bridgeport and entered the 
employ of the Wheeler & Wilson Sewing 
Machine Company, and he remained with 
that concern until 1912, a period of fifty- 
three years, when he retired. He was 
ever interested in local affairs of Bridge- 
port, being also a Republican in his poli- 
tics ; and he gave excellent service both as 
councilman and alderman from the old 



105 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Fifth Ward during the terms of office of 
Mayors Morford and De Forest. For 
several years he was chairman of the old 
Barnum School District in the days when 
the city of Bridgeport had many school 
districts, and before the era of consolida- 
tion. He was a member of St. John's 
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, and 
for forty-three years was a member of 
Samuel H. Harris Lodge, Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows. He married Clara 
M. Moore, daughter of Jonathon and Cla- 
rissa Moore, of Brookfield, Massachusetts. 
They were the parents of two sons: i. 
Frederick W. Havens, of Springfield, Mas- 
sachusetts. 2. Colonel Elmer H. Havens, 
of this review. 

Elmer H. Havens was born October 2, 
1864, a son of George Oliver and Clara 
(Moore) Havens, and was educated in 
the grade and high schools of Bridgeport. 
For a brief period he was employed in the 
grocery establishment of Rogers & Mor- 
ford, and in 1887 he organized the firm of 
Patchen & Havens, iron, steel and heavy 
hardware merchants. Two years later 
his firm was consolidated with S. S. 
Hunter, and the new organization was 
known as Hunter, Patchen & Havens. In 
1912 Mr. Patchen retired from the firm, 
and the business was carried on under the 
style of Hunter & Havens. Upon the 
death of Samuel S. Hunter in 1914, his 
son, Roland L. Hunter, succeeded to the 
partnership, and the firm continues to be 
known as Hunter & Havens. In the ear- 
lier days of the firm's career the metal 
chiefly sold by them was wrought iron, 
but the wonder working changes in ma- 
chinery, formulas and processes had de- 
veloped the products into open-hearth 
steel, which to-day forms the major part 
of the firm's merchantable line. The firm 
has an enviable reputation and is one of 
the best known in the iron and steel trade 



in this section of New England. It has a 
valuable good-will, which is synonymous 
with the large volume of business which 
it enjoys. 

Mr. Havens since attaining his majority 
has always been an ardent supporter of 
the Republican party. He continues un- 
abated his interest in municipal affairs in 
his home city as well as in the political 
doings of the State. He entered actively 
into the municipal life of the city in 1891, 
when he was elected a member of the 
Council from the Fifth Ward. In 1893 
Mayor Taylor appointed him a member of 
the Board of Health, and when Mayor 
Mulverhill came into office he appointed 
Mr. Havens to succeed himself on the 
Board of Health. In 1903 Mr. Havens 
was elected a member of the Board of 
Education, and he began then a period of 
service which has been of untold benefit 
to the city in the administration of its 
school department. Mr. Havens continued 
to be a member of the board until 1921, 
and for many years was honored with the 
offices of secretary and president by his 
fellow members. He voluntarily retired, 
in 1921, believing that he had given his 
full meed of service in that capacity to the 
city, but only two years elapsed when he 
was drafted, much against his will, to 
stand for election to the same board. He 
was elected and at once resumed his for- 
mer duties as president, which office he 
still retains. During his incumbency 
many reforms have been instituted and 
improvements established ; among these 
are the building of the Central and War- 
ren Harding high schools, which stand as 
monuments to the wise and beneficient 
administration of Bridgeport's school de- 
partment. Mr. Havens has been a di- 
rector of the Bridgeport Public Library 
for eight years, and in that capacity has 
given to that important center of the 



106 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



city's civic life the benefit of his many 
years of experience in educational matters. 
Governor George L. Lilley, in 1908, hon- 
ored Mr. Havens with an appointment to 
his official staff, the position carrying to 
the appointee the rank of colonel. Upon 
Governor Lilley's death Colonel Havens 
was reappointed by Governor Frank B. 
Weeks. His membership of the Re- 
publican State Committee and of the 
Bridgeport Republican City Committee 
has covered a considerable length of serv- 
ice, in which he has been of invalu- 
able aid to the political movements and 
achievements of his party. Colonel Hav- 
ens is a director of the First National 
Bank of Bridgeport and is president of 
the Norwalk Company of South Norwalk, 
Connecticut. He is affiliated with the 
Free and Accepted Masons and the In- 
dependent Order of Odd Fellows. He 
is affiliated with the First Presbyterian 
Church, Bridgeport. His clubs are the 
Algonquin and Brooklawn Country, 
Bridgeport. 

Colonel Havens married, June 10, 1891, 
Emma Curtis, daughter of Freeman Lewis 
and Georgianna Howard Curtis, of Strat- 
ford, Connecticut. Mrs. Havens is a sis- 
ter of Judge Howard J. Curtis of the Con- 
necticut Supreme Court. Colonel and 
Mrs. Havens have children: i. Helen 
Curtis, a graduate of Columbia Univer- 
sity ; married Howard Lyons Stone of 
Bridgeport, and has children, Donald, de- 
ceased ; Howard, Jr. ; and Jean Stone. 2. 
Mabel Howard, a graduate of Wellesley 
College; married Garner Kippeu Birds- 
eye, and has one son, John Havens Birds- 
eye. 3. Kate Elinor, a graduate of Colum- 
bia University ; married Dr. George 
Cowles Brown, and has children, Eliza- 
beth and Curtis Havens Brown. 4. Eliza- 
beth Moore, educated at the Emma Wil- 
lard School, Troy, New York; married 



H. Livingston Morehouse, secretary of 
the Bridgeport Trust Company, and has 
one son, Bradley Morehouse. 5. Emmy 
Lou Havens, educated at the Emma Wil- 
lard School and Vassar College. 



WALDO, George Curtis, 

Editor. 

When a half century ago, April 1, 1867, 
George C. Waldo came to Bridgeport as 
local reporter and city editor of the 
"Standard," he began an association with 
that paper and with Connecticut journal- 
ism which has never been broken. His 
previous efforts in law and business had 
not proved to his liking, his tastes and 
talents from youth having been literary 
and his eflForts in other directions did not 
prove satisfactory. His mother, a writer 
and poetess, encouraged the literary 
tastes of her son and under her direction 
he absorbed the best in English literature, 
his reading of the poets being very ex- 
tensive. When he finally embarked upon 
the sea of journalism he had found his 
proper element, his search had terminated, 
and as editor-in-chief he remained an act- 
ive contributor to the newspaper on which 
he began his career. During this half cen- 
tury he took a part in every movement 
for the upbuilding of Bridgeport, either 
personally or with his pen, and in church, 
scientific society, historical society, and 
club he advanced the particular ,object for 
which each was organized. While he 
made the political fortunes of others and 
ardently supported the principles of the 
Republican Party, he asked nothing im- 
portant for himself and kept compara- 
tively free from the entanglements of po- 
litical office. 

He traced his ancestry through seven 
generations to Cornelius Waldo, born 
about 1624, in England, it is supposed, 



107 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



died in Chelmsford, Massachusetts, Jan- 
uary 3, 1700-01. Cornelius Waldo claimed 
descent from John, brother of Peter Wal- 
do, founder of the Waldenses in France, 
1 170. Cornelius Waldo is first of record 
at Salem, Massachusetts, July 6, 1647. 
The line of descent from Cornelius Waldo, 
the founder, is through his son, John 
Waldo, a soldier of King Philip's War, a 
deputy to the General Court from Dun- 
stable, Massachusetts, in 1689; later a 
settler in Windham, Connecticut. He 
married Rebecca Adams, daughter of 
Captain Samuel and Rebecca (Graves) 
Adams, who survived him. The line con- 
tinues through Edw^ard Waldo, third son 
of John Waldo, a teacher, farmer, lieu- 
tenant of militia and Assemblyman of 
Windham, and his first wife. Thankful 
(Dimmock) Waldo; their son, Shubael 
Waldo, and his wife, Mary (Allen) Waldo ; 
their son, Daniel Waldo, of Chester- 
field, New Hampshire, a soldier of the 
Revolution, and his wife, Hannah (Carl- 
ton) Waldo; their son Shubael (2) Waldo, 
of Chesterfield, New Hampshire, and his 
first wife, Rebekah (Crosby) Waldo; 
their son, Josiah Crosby Waldo, and his 
first wife, Elmira Ruth (Ballou) Waldo, 
they the parents of George Curtis Waldo, 
of Bridgeport. 

Josiah Crosby Waldo was born Decem- 
ber 5, 1803, at Chesterfield, New Hamp- 
shire, died August 28, 1890, at New Lon- 
don, Connecticut. He studied under the 
Rev. Hosea Ballou, of Boston, became a 
minister of the Universalist Church and 
gave his life to the propagation of that 
faith. His work was widespread in his 
early years, covering the large cities and 
towns of Ohio, Kentucky and Indiana and 
part of Virginia and Tennessee. He was 
a pastor of the First Universalist Church 
of Lynn, Massachusetts, 1835 to 1839, and 
pastor of the First Universalist Society in 



West Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1841-47, 
and from 1849 to 1854 labored in Troy, 
New York, and afterward for several 
years in New London. He published over 
one hundred controversial sermons, took 
part in many public debates, organized 
several church societies and is credited 
with first generally introducing ahe Uni- 
versalist faith in the West. He estab- 
lished and for many years published a 
weekly paper in Cincinnati, Ohio, "The 
Sentinel and Star in the West," which 
subsequently, through successive consoli- 
dations became the "Cincinnati Times- 
Star," and until his death was active in 
the work of his church. He married 
(first), October 26, 1831, at Boston, El- 
mina Ruth Ballou, daughter of the Rev. 
Hosea and Ruth (Washburn) Ballou ; she 
was a cousin of Eliza Ballou, mother of 
President James A. Garfield. Mrs. Waldo, 
born April 3, 1810, at Portsmouth, New 
Hampshire, died at New London, Con- 
necticut, June 29, 1856; she was a woman 
of fine intellectuality, a writer of verse, 
the periodicals of her day welcoming her 
poems. Mr. and Mrs. Josiah Crosby 
Waldo were the parents of Ella Fiducia 
Oliver, who died at the age of thirteen 
years ; George Curtis, of further mention ; 
Clemintina Grace ; Frances Rebecca, and 
Maturin Ballou Waldo. 

George Curtis Waldo, the subject of 
this sketch, son of the Rev. Josiah Crosby 
Waldo and his first wife, Elmina Ruth 
(Ballou) Waldo, was born in Lynn, Mas- 
sachusetts, March 20, 1837. He com- 
pleted public school courses at West 
Cambridge, Massachusetts, prepared for 
college at Troy Academy, then entered 
Tuft's College, whence he was graduated 
Bachelor of Arts, class of i860. Later he 
was awarded Master of Arts in course 
and in 1900 his alma mater conferred upon 
him the honorary degree of Litt. D. After 



108 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



graduation from Tuft's he began the first high school building was erected on 



study of law in the offices of A. C. Lippit, 
of New London, but his study was inter- 
rupted by his enlistment in Company E, 
2d Regiment Connecticut Volunteer In- 
fantry, Colonel A. H. Terry, under whom 
he served as corporal during the cam- 
paign of 1861. He was ready, but im- 
paired health prevented his reenlistment 
and he retired from the service at the ex- 
piration of his term, three months. 

After his return from the army he re- 
sumed the study of law, then for a time 
also read medicine in New London, then 
engaged in business for several years, 
finally in 1867 locating in Bridgeport, 
there finding his true sphere. He began 
his journalistic career as local reporter 
and city editor of the Bridgeport "Stand- 
ard," two years later became associate 
editor under the Hon. John D. Candee, 
and upon Mr. Candee's death in 1888, suc- 
ceeded him as editor-in-chief and presi- 
dent of the Standard Association, the 
owning corporation. The "Standard" be- 
came one of the important dailies of New 
England. As president of the corporation 
he conserved the material interests of the 
paper and as editor maintained a policy 
that caused his paper to be widely quoted 
in journals throughout the country. In 
politics the paper and its editor agreed 
(which is not always the case) and both 
were loyal supporters of the Republican 
party. For twenty-six years Dr. Waldo 
was a member of the Connecticut Board 
of Shell Fish Commissioners and for 
twenty of those years president of the 
board ; he was also for twelve years one 
of the trustees of the Insane Hospital at 
Norwich, Connecticut. 

In civic affairs he pursued the same dig- 
nified course and served his city as a mem- 
ber of the Board of Education. That serv- 
ice continued for five years and when the 



Congress Street he was one of the com- 
mittee in charge, representing town and 
school board. He was for fourteen years 
a director in the Bridgeport Public Li- 
brary. He was one of the founders of the 
Bridgeport Scientific Society, was for five 
years its secretary, and at the time the 
Historical Society merged with the Scien- 
tific Society he was vice-president of the 
former. He was the first president of the 
old Electric Club ; ex-president of the 
Seaside and Press clubs ; for several years 
was an official of the Republican Club; 
was a director of the Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association, and since 1876 a vestry- 
man of Christ Episcopal Church, serving 
five years as junior warden. He retained 
his membership and interest in that fast 
disappearing body of gallant men, the 
Grand Army of the Republic, and was a 
member of the Army and Navy Club of 
Connecticut. His fraternities were Phi 
Beta Kappa and Zeta Psi, and he held 
membership in many other organizations, 
fraternal, literary and professional. 

Dr. Waldo married, in 1874, in New 
Orleans, Louisiana, Annie Frye, daughter 
of Major Frederick and Matilda (Brooks) 
Frye, formerly residents of Bridgeport, 
and a great-granddaughter of Colonel 
James Frye, of Andover, Massachusetts, 
who commanded a regiment at Bunker 
Hill. Mr. and Mrs. Waldo were the par- 
ents of four children : Selden C, deceased; 
Rosalie Hillman, married Roland H. Mal- 
lory ; Maturin Ballou ; and George Cur- 
tis (2). 

To the last of his long life Mr. Waldo 
retained his youthful vitality of thought 
and mind. With memory unfailing and 
spirits unimpaired, he kept up to the last 
his daily habit of writing for the news- 
papers and his column was looked for- 
ward to by hundreds of Bridgeporters 



109 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



whose letters of inquiry and approval 
testified their interest. 

His final years of life were passed at the 
home of his son, George Waldo, Jr., in 
Black Rock, Bridgeport, where he died 
on April 2, 1921. Civic and professional 
bodies paid him honor as he was laid at 
rest in the family burial plot in Mountain 
Grove Cemetery, Bridgeport. 

Mr. Waldo's name and his professional 
tradition are carried on by his son, George 
C. Waldo, Jr., who succeeded his father as 
editor of the "Bridgeport Standard," and 
later editor-in-chief of the "Bridgeport 
Post and Telegram," which position he 
now holds. 



McNEIL, Archibald, 

Coal Dealer. 

The McNeils of Bridgeport have in the 
honored head, Archibald (3) McNeil, an 
octogenarian descendant of the Scottish 
clan of that name, who has been a lead- 
ing man of the city in business and poli- 
tics and among the foremost men in the 
councils of the State for more than three 
decades. Essentially a self-made man, 
Mr. McNeil has risen virtually by his own 
merits to the important place that he oc- 
cupies in the commercial, social and mu- 
nicipal life of Bridgeport and in the com- 
monwealth. Robust of mind and body, 
aggressive in the better meaning of that 
term, progressive in his worthy ambition 
to excel in business, possessing strong 
convictions of the advantages accruing to 
dealer and buyer in the application of the 
rule of strict honesty, a clear thinker, a 
wise legislator when a member of tht 
local board of government and of the Gen- 
eral Assembly, Mr. McNeil, though far 
advanced in years, is an outstanding and 
important figure, to whom his three sons 
and his fellow citizens may point with 



pride as a worthy example of that which 
is best in the body politic. 

Mr. McNeil comes of ancient Scottish 
ancestry. It is the theory, held by some 
members of the now widely ramifying 
family, that the McNeils of this country 
can trace their lineage to the pure-blood 
MacNeills of Barra and the MacNeills of 
Gigha, generally admitted to have a com- 
mon origin. Archibald (3) McNeil is in 
the fifth generation from Archibald (i) 
McNeil, founder of the Connecticut line 
and a highly successful trader with the 
West Indies, who became a prominent 
citizen and a public official of New Haven. 

It is interesting to observe in this con- 
nection that in the mother country the old 
stock — Americanized to McNeil^ — ^still is 
vigorous in its descendants, who occupy 
high social standing, and have figured 
conspicuously in the upbuilding of the 
nation politically, commercially and spir- 
itually. The virility of the family has 
been, and still remains, remarkable for 
strength of character, patriotism and lon- 
gevity. The late General Sir John Car- 
stairs McNeill was of the house of Mc- 
Neill of Colonsay. It is to be supposed 
that the family, on account of its branches 
and the diversity of service, has a number 
of coats-of-arms. Burke, in his "General 
Armory," gives the arms of McNeil (Fear 
Fergus, Scotland) as : 

Arms — Quarterly, first and fourth, azure, a lion 
rampant argent; second, argent, a sinister hand 
couped fesseways in chief and in base, wavy azure 
a salmon naiant of the first ; third, or, a galley, 
her oars in action gules, on a chief of the last 
three mullets of the first. 

Crest — An armed man, from the shoulder issu- 
ing, holding a dagger point upwards, all proper. 

Motto — Vincere vel mori. (To conquer or die.) 

Honor is the warriors meed, 
Or spar'd to live, or doom'd to die ; 

Whether 'tis his lot to bleed. 
Or join the shout of victory; 

Alike the laurel to the truly brave 

That binds the brow or consecrates the grave. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(I) Archibald McNeil, founder of the 
Connecticut line, was of Branford, where 
in 1735 he purchased lands. Subsequently 
he was a prominent citizen of New Haven, 
was assessor in 1740 and surveyor of 
highways in 1746, and was conspicuous in 
real estate transactions. A circumstance 
of particular interest is his participation 
as one of the "brothers" in founding the 
first lodge of Free and Accepted Masons 
in Connecticut (now known as Hiram 
Lodge No. i) at a meeting "held at Jehiel 
Tuttle's in New Haven on the festival of 
St. John the Evangelist, 1750." This was 
only seventeen years after the institution 
of Free Masonry in the American Colo- 
nies (which occurred at Boston, July 3, 
1733)- Archibald McNeil was success- 
fully engaged in the trade with the West 
Indies, in partnership with Samuel Cook 
(who was named as executor of his will), 
and was owner and supercargo of the ship 
"Peggy and Molly." He died in the Is- 
land of Jamaica in the latter part of 1752, 
and his will was probated in July, 1753, 
by his widow, who was placed under bond 
of three thousand pounds sterling, in- 
dicative of a very considerable estate for 
those times. He married Mary, daughter 
of Rev. Samuel and Abigail (Whiting) 
Russell, and widow of Benjamin Fenn ; 
and it was at the house of her father that 
the founders of Yale College held their 
first meeting, he having been a member 
of that distinguished company. She was 
born in 1708. Children: Archibald (2), 
born September 20, 1736; Charles, bap- 
tized January 18, 1739; Charles, baptized 
November i, 1741 ; John, born August 2, 
1745. baptized August 4, 1745, removed 
to Armenia precinct, Dutchess County, 
New York ; Samuel, baptized October 9, 
1749, of Litchfield, Connecticut. 

(II) Archibald McNeil, eldest child of 
Archibald (i) and Mary (Russell) Mc- 



Neil, was born in Branford, Connecticut, 
September 20, 1736, and baptized October 
10 following. He lived in New Haven 
and Milford, and was a large property 
owner ; died before July 3, 1782, when the 
executor of his estate was appointed. On 
July 3, 1776, he enlisted in the Continental 
forces. He married. May 2, 1758, at New 
Haven, Sarah Clark. Child : William. 

(III) William McNeil, son of Archi- 
bald and Sarah (Clark) McNeil, born in 
New Haven, May 13, 1759. He was a 
graduate of Yale College, class of 1777, and 
in the old Yale catalog is described as a 
sea captain. During the Revolution 
(January 30, 1782, to August 13, 1783) he 
served as a gunner on the American pri- 
vateer "Marquis de Lafayette," under 
Captain Elisha Hinman. In the brief war 
of the United States with France he was 
again on the same vessel, which was cap- 
tured by the enemy, and with others he 
was for some time confined in a French 
prison. On account of this event he was 
one of those who figured in the celebrated 
French spoliation claims. He was en- 
gaged in business in Derby, Connecticut. 
His death occurred in or before 1808. He 
married, in New Haven, Huldah Augur. 
Children (the order of their birth not be- 
ing exactly known) : Abraham Archibald, 
born July 21, 1802; William ; Maria, mar- 
ried, September 12, 1824, Russell Bradley, 
of New Haven; John, had a daughter, 
Elizabeth, who married John E. Wylie, of 
New Haven ; Henry ; Nancy, married R. 
Dickinson. 

(IV) Abraham A. McNeil, son of Wil- 
liam and Huldah (Augur) McNeil, was 
born in Derby, July 21, 1802. In early 
life he was supercargo of vessels in the 
West Indies trade, sailing out of New 
Haven. Removing after 1825 to Bridge- 
port, he became a prominent citizen of 
that community. For some time he was 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



associated in the shoe manufacturing 
business with Samuel Hodges, his wife's 
uncle. He was the founder of the system 
of lighthouses in Bridgeport Harbor, and 
for many years before his death was the 
keeper of the lighthouse at the entrance 
of the harbor. Mr. McNeil died in Bridge- 
port May II, 1873. He married in Bridge- 
port, November 25, 1827, Mary Ann, 
daughter of Captain William Hulse, who, 
in 1813, was lost at sea with all the crew 
of the brig "William," sailing out of 
Bridgeport. She was born November 11, 
1811, died in July, 1892. Children: i. 
Charles Hubbell, born December 14, 1828; 
was engaged in business pursuits, being 
for many years associated with his brother 
Archibald ; twice married, but had no is- 
sue ; his widow married (second) Captain 
Alvin P. Hunt. 2. John, born October 9, 
1830 ; many years harbor master of Bridge- 
port, and a highly public-spirited citizen, 
especially active in all movements for the 
improvement of the harbor ; married, 1865, 
Anna, daughter of James and Anna Maria 
(Barnes) Scofield of New York, and is 
survived by one daughter, who is the 
widow of Rev. Louis N. Booth of Bridge- 
port. 3. Samuel William, born March 16, 
1832, deceased. 4. Eliza Maria, born Jan- 
uary 9, 1834, died March 6, 1835. 5. 
Josiah Hoyt, born February 9, 1835, died 
August 24, 1836. 6. and 7. (twins) born 
August 31, 1837, Augustus, died August 
18, 1838, and Sidney Adolphus, deceased, 
who was a citizen of Bridgeport and 
keeper of the lighthouse, and is survived 
by his widow. 8. Mary Hoyt, born Octo- 
ber 20, 1839, died November 25, 1840. 
9. Mary Hoyt, December 12, 1840, de- 
ceased. 10. Archibald (3), of whom fur- 
ther. II. Maria Longworth, born Decem- 
ber 25, 1845, deceased ; married Lester J. 
Bradley ; no surviving children. 12. Sarah, 
born August 28, 1848, died in 1853. 



(V) Archibald (3) McNeil, in the fifth 
generation from his American forebear, 
Archibald (i) McNeil, was the tenth child 
of Abraham Archibald and Mary Ann 
(Hulse) McNeil, and was born at Bridge- 
port, July 2, 1843. Having received his 
preliminary education at Sellick's School, 
Bridgeport, he attended the famous 
Thomas School at New Haven and the 
Hopkins Grammar School of that city, 
being graduated from the last-named 
school in the class of i860. He next 
entered the ship-chandlery store of his 
brother, Charles H. McNeil, which then 
was situated opposite the old railroad sta- 
tion and steamboat landing at Bridgeport. 
In 1863 he entered into partnership with 
his brother, the firm name being McNeil 
Brothers, wholesale dealers in fruit and 
produce. In 1876 the brothers, having 
looked afield for the enlargement of their 
business relations and activities, removed 
to New York City and located at 84 Broad 
Street, under the style of Archibald Mc- 
Neil & Company, wholesale dealers in but- 
ter and cheese. A wider domain of trade 
lured them to a much broader field of 
operations, and in 1879 they engaged in 
the export and import business with Cuba, 
making the principal commodities of their 
trade bituminous coal and produce. Dis- 
continuing the establishment in New 
York City in 1888, Mr. McNeil returned 
to Bridgeport, and in that city he estab- 
lished a coal business, which since has 
grown to large proportions. Later he in- 
corporated the business under the style 
of Archibald McNeil & Sons Company, 
Incorporated, the other members of the 
concern being Mr. McNeil's three sons, 
Archibald (4), Kenneth W. and Roderick 
C. Through years of honest effort, pains- 
taking devotion to business, active par- 
ticipation in the civic and social life of 
the city, Mr. McNeil attained a high place 
112 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



in the confidence and esteem of the busi- 
ness public and the political body. He 
became a conspicuous citizen, and with- 
out the element of self-seeking playing an 
obtrusive part in his life, he rose to a place 
of prominence in the community. He be- 
came closely identified with the best 
movements politically, and he allied him- 
self with the Democratic party. He was 
never forthputting of himself for public 
office, but he has on several occasions 
been impressed into service as a candidate 
of his party, and has ever in public office, 
as in his business affairs, conducted him- 
self with dignity and great efficiency. He 
became extremely popular with the elec- 
torate in his constituencies, and this popu- 
larity obtains until the present day. His 
first public office came in 1872, when he 
was elected to represent the old Second 
Ward in the Common Council of Bridge- 
port. In i8g6, when William Jennings 
Bryan made the first of his numerous at- 
tempts to win the Presidency, Mr. McNeil 
was a candidate for the Connecticut Gen- 
eral Assembly. He was defeated, but had 
the gratification of having run four hun- 
dred votes ahead of his ticket. In 1897 
he was offered the Democratic mayoralty 
nomination, but he refused to make the 
run. In 1902 he was elected to the Con- 
necticut State Senate by a large majority, 
and he was reelected in 1906, "defeating 
the Republican State leader in a district 
probably the wealthiest, most conserva- 
tive and most consistently Republican in 
the State." He was nominated by his 
party associates for president pro tempore 
of the State Senate, and by this act was 
chosen the Democratic leader of that 
body. The following encomium was given 
of his record of service in the State 
Senate. 

It is worthy of note that there have been many 

times when Senator McNeil, abandoning the posi- 

Conn. 11 — 8 I 



tion assumed by some of his best friends, has 
fought almost alone for some measure which he 
believed to be right, or against some measure he 
thought to be wrong. And his whole legislative 
record has been a steady and determined refusal to 
advocate or countenance any measure, which, in 
his opinion, would not be entirely for the best 
interests of the State or its institutions. 

Mr. McNeil was one of the organizers 
of the Eclectic Club, thus becoming a 
charter member, and has served as its 
president. He is a member of the Seaside 
Club and the Algonquin Club, and served 
the latter body as its first president, hav- 
ing occupied that office for two years. For 
four years, 1874-1877, he was commodore 
of the old Bridgeport Yacht Club, and he 
became a governor of the Bridgeport 
Yacht Club and served as its commodore 
in 1899- 1900. He is a member of General 
Silliman Chapter, Sons of the American 
Revolution. 

Mr. McNeil married, October 2, 1881, at 
New York City, Jean McKenzie, daugh- 
ter of George J. Clan Ranald of New York 
City. Their children: i. Archibald (4), 
born in New York, June i, 1883. 2. Ken- 
neth Wylie, born in Bridgeport, Septem- 
ber 14, 1885. 3. Roderick Clan Ranald, 
born in Bridgeport, March 20, 1888. 



HUBBELL, Harvey, 

Mannfacturer, 

Harvey Hubbell, president and treas- 
urer of Harvey Hubbell, Incorporated, 
enjoys the distinction of being the foun- 
der and head of one of the leading in- 
dustries of that important manufacturing 
center of Connecticut, the city of Bridge- 
port. The products of his concern, par- 
ticularly his electrical specialties, are in 
general use throughout this country and 
in many foreign parts of the world. Vir- 
tually all the appliances or devices manu- 
factured at his plant are the creation of 

13 



L 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Mr. Hubbell's inventive genius, which has 
made possible the inception, growth and 
influence of his establishment. High 
standards of quality of materials and 
workmanship and conscientious super- 
vision of the manufacturing details and 
marketing of the products are the ele- 
ments which have entered into and en- 
compassed the success that has attended 
the progress of this business. One of the 
most highly prized of the numerous testi- 
monials that have been bestowed upon 
Harvey Hubbell, Incorporated, is the fol- 
lowing, from the government of the 
United States, for the concern's very prac- 
tical and highly patriotic aid in war work 
which helped win the World War: 

The War Department of the United States of 
America, in this award, recognizes the distin- 
g^uished service, loyalty and efficiency in the per- 
formance of war work by which Harvey Hubbell, 
Incorporated, aided materially in obtaining victory 
for the arms of the United States of America in 
the war between the Imperial German Government 
and the Imperial and Royal Austro-Hungarian 
Government. 

It has been a matter of tradition in the 
Hubbell family for centuries that its pro- 
genitor was a Dane ; though whether he 
was a Hubba or a warrior Harald Hub- 
bald, who came to England with Canute, 
the Danish King, who reigned over Eng- 
land (995-1033 A. D.), is not recorded — 
at least in England. The "Domesday 
Book" of William the Conqueror, made in 
1086, records the name of Hugo Hubald 
as holding land at Ipsley, Warwickshire, 
England, before the Norman invasion 
(1066 A. D.) of Osbern, son of Richard, 
and this same land was in the possession 
of his descendants at Ipsley in the direct 
male line, passing to the eldest son of 
each succeeding generation until Novem- 
ber 10, 1730, when the direct male line 
became extinct. This Hugo Hubald (or 



Hubbald) was the founder of the Hubball 
family in England and of the Hubbell 
family in America. 

Harvey (2) Hubbell, of this review, is 
the son of Harvey (i) and Caroline 
(Pinto-Hadley) Hubbell, and the seventh 
in line of descent from Richard (the First) 
Hubbell, his immigrant ancestor, who 
came from England to America between 
1631 and 1639. From Richard (the First) 
the line descends through : 

(II) James Hubbell of Stratford, Fair- 
field County, Connecticut, born in 1673, 
died October, 1777, at New Milford, Con- 
necticut, son of Richard (i) Hubbell. He 
married Patience, daughter of Henry 
Summers of New Haven, Connecticut. 
She was born in 1683 and died September 
29, 1753- Children: Andrew, of whom 
further; Abiah, born August 11, 1708; 
Sarah, born September 12, 171 1 ; Elnathan, 
born September 22, 1717; Patience, born 
April 8, 1722. 

(III) Andrew Hubbell of Stratford, 
Fairfield County, Connecticut, born June 
22, 1706, died in 1776-77, was the son of 
James Hubbell. He married (first) Sarah 
who died July 20, 1736. Children, by the 
first marriage: Elijah, born May 9, 1727; 
Jerusha, born May 19, 1729, married 
Seeley; Parnach, born January 22, 1730; 
Hannah, born November 12, 1732, mar- 
ried Beers, died before 1777; Sarah, born 
August 5, 1734. Andrew Hubbell married 
(second) December 2, 1736, Mary Welles. 
She was born in 1714. Children by the 
second marriage : Gideon, born October 
6, 1737; James, born November 6, 1738; 
Andrew (2), born February 7, 1740; 
Sarah, born November 18, 1741 ; Matthew, 
of whom further ; Abiah, married Wood- 
cock ; Mary, married Northrup ; Rhoda, 
married Bennett. 

(IV) Matthew Hubbell of Easton (then 
Huntington), Fairfield County, Connecti- 



114 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



cut, was born April 17, 1745, died April 
12, 1812, a son of Andrew Hubbell. He 
married Abigail Burton, born in 1758, 
died February 20, 1812. Children: Gideon 
Summers, of whom further ; Andrew 
Read ; David Burton, died November 9, 
1825 ; Ruth, married Winton, died Decem- 
ber 5, 1812 ; Hannah, married Lyon, died 
July 5, 1846. 

(V) Gideon Summers Hubbell, of 
Easton, Fairfield County, Connecticut, 
was born July 3, 1768, died in Bloomfield, 
Ohio, January 25, 1842, a son of Matthew 
Hubbell. He married (first) Sarah Tread- 
well, born May 2, 1762, died October 19, 
1805. Children, by the first marriage : 
Burton, born July 30, 1788, died Novem- 
ber 27, 1859; Philena, born February 14, 
1790, died in 1873 ; Preston, born May 20, 
1792; Nathan, died August 14, 1821 ; 
Zalmon, born October 27, 1794; Harvey 
(i), of whom further; Eruxton, born May 
7, 1800, died October 23, 1800; Washing- 
ton, born March 19, 1803 ; Preston, died 
August 17, 1829; Malvina, died June 29, 
1823. Gideon Summers Hubbell married 
(second) Sarah Wheeler, born May 15, 
1775, died October 5, 1846. Child by the 
second marriage : Sarah, born June 14, 
1807. 

(VI) Harvey Hubbell (i) of Long 
Hill, Fairfield County, Connecticut, born 
March 6, 1797, died July 2, 1882, was a 
son of Gideon Summers and Sarah (Tread- 
well) Hubbell. He married (first) Polly 
Sherman, January 5, 1819. He married 
(second) Caroline (Pinto) Hadley, Octo- 
ber 22, 1855. After he received a common 
school education he served four years as 
an apprentice in the tailoring trade to his 
father at Easton, Connecticut. At the 
age of twenty years, in company with 
three young men, he started for the then 
"far off State of Ohio" to seek his fortune. 
They made the journey in thirty-three 
days, walking leisurely from place to 



place, until Harvey (i) Hubbell arrived 
at Columbus. There he plied his trade of 
tailor, and within two years of his arrival 
he returned to Connecticut to marry, in 
1819, the young woman to whom he al- 
ready was engaged, Polly, daughter of 
David Sherman of Trumbull, Connecticut. 
His father entreated him to abandon the 
idea of returning to the West and to re- 
main in Connecticut for his sake. Like a 
dutiful son that he was, he did as his 
father desired and settled in Weston and 
there worked industriously at his trade. 
He was a man of unusual ability and at- 
tained prominence and position in the 
community. He was made a captain of 
militia and was appointed a justice of the 
peace. In 1836 he disposed of his tailor- 
ing business in Easton and removed to 
New York City, where he was given 
charge of a large clothing house in the 
New Orleans trade, subsequently becom- 
ing a partner, the concern being known 
as Taylor, Hubbell & Co. In 1862, shar- 
ing the general losses that resulted from 
the Civil War, he removed from New 
York City to Long Hill, Connecticut, 
where he established a factory for the 
manufacture of men's underwear. He 
was about twenty-two years of age when 
he married Polly Sherman. They had 
children: i. Orange Scott Hubbell. 2. 
Charles Elliott Hubbell. 3. Harriet At- 
wood Hubbell. 4. John Wesley Hubbell. 
5. Wilbur Fish Hubbell. By his second 
wife he had children : 6. Carrie L., died 
February 24, 1857, at the age of five 
months, fifteen days. 7. Harvey (2) Hub- 
bell, of this review. 8. Carrie, died De- 
cember I, 1882, at the age of twenty-one 
years. Polly (Sherman) Hubbell died 
October 27, 1854, at the age of fifty-six 
years. Caroline (Pinto-Hadley) Hubbell, 
born July 30, 1819, died October 22, 1905, 
at the age of eighty-six years. 

(VII) Harvey (2) Hubbell, son of 



"5 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Harvey (i) and Caroline (Pinto-Hadley) 
Hubbell, was born in Brooklyn, New 
York, December 20, 1857. His education 
was received at Easton Academy, Easton, 
Connecticut, at Eastman's Business Col- 
lege, Poughkeepsie, New York, and at 
Cooper Institute, New York City. In his 
early life he displayed an aptitude for 
mechanics, and this was especially notice- 
able, following his school days, when he 
gave it full rein to the end that he might 
become fully accomplished along his 
chosen line of work. His gift for doing 
things mechanical was first principally 
employed in the designing and manufac- 
ture of printing presses with the Potter 
Printing Works and the Cranston Print- 
ing Press Works of Norwich, Connecti- 
cut. For a time he was with John Roach 
& Son, ship and marine engine builders, 
of New York City and Chester, Pennsyl- 
vania. Following his days of labor he 
formed the commendable and profitable 
habit of devoting his evenings to study 
and drafting, by which he familiarized 
himself with the theoretical as well as 
with the practical side of his vocation. 
His capacity for perfecting inventions 
soon manifested itself, and he went to 
Bridgeport, where in a humble way he 
began the manufacture of two articles 
which he had designed and had patented. 
This small and unpretentious beginning 
was actually the inception of his career 
as an inventor and manufacturer. He de- 
voted himself assiduously to his business, 
and his keen eye perceived the possibili- 
ties of commercializing the electrical in- 
dustry, then in its infancy. To the elec- 
trical needs of the time Mr. Hubbell ap- 
plied his knowledge of mechanics, and al- 
most without conscious effort on his part 
he found himself a beneficiary of the 
transition into this new field of science. 
Domestic and industrial appliances were 



in demand for general use, and the de- 
mands increased by leaps and bounds. 
Mr. Hubbell diverted his time, talents and 
energy in the direction of supplying that 
demand, and to his lines of manufacture 
he added numerous electrical specialties. 
Among his patented devices which have 
come into general use are the Hubbell 
Pull Socket and the Hubbell Interchange- 
able Attachment Plug, besides many other 
articles made practical with the use of 
electricity. Mr. Hubbell was the first to 
make rolled thread machine screws with 
automatic machinery, and a part of his 
manufacturing plant is given to this spec- 
ial line. One of the chief secrets of Mr. 
Hubbell's successful career is his deter- 
mination to keep pace with the developed 
needs of the industry — electrical and me- 
chanical. He maintains a close personal 
touch with all departments of his busi- 
ness, letting no important detail go un- 
supervised, whether it be engineering, 
manufacturing or selling. Therein lies 
the genius of the Hubbell establishment ; 
it is distinctively the creature of his own 
brain and the child of his own culture. 
The prestige and good-will that attach to 
the business have come to it through 
nearly four decades of faithful devotion 
and intelligent application. The business 
was incorporated under its present style 
in 1905. 

Mr. Hubbell is a member of the Associ- 
ated Manufacturers of Electrical Supplies. 
He is a communicant of the United 
Church of Bridgeport and a member of 
its finance committee. He is of the Re- 
publican persuasion of politics. His clubs 
are the Electrical Manufacturers', Auto- 
mobile Club of America, Union League of 
New York City and the Brooklawn and 
Algonquin of Bridgeport. 

Mr. Hubbell married, December 2, 1896, 
Louie E. Edwards, daughter of Robert 



116 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and Sereta (Edwards) Edwards of Port 
Jefferson, New York. They have one 
son, Harvey (3) Hubbell, Jr., born May 
23, 1901, in Bridgeport; educated in pri- 
vate schools and graduated from the 
Choate School of Wallingford, Connecti- 
cut ; associated with his father in the 
Hubbell organization at Bridgeport ; a 
member of the Brooklawn Club. 

The House of Hubbell has its official 
headquarters and plant at State Street 
and Bostwick Avenue, and the Hubbell 
family residence is No. 262 Park Avenue, 
Bridgeport. 



LOCKHART, Dr. Reuben A., 

Pbysician. 

Beloved in a wide circle of permanent 
friendships and highly esteemed for his 
real worth as a member of the medical 
profession, whose life and labors among 
the people of Bridgeport and its vicinity 
had embraced a period of nearly thirty- 
five years, during which time he had en- 
deared himself to thousands to whom he 
had ministered. Dr. Reuben A. Lockhart 
laid aside the mantle of service he had 
worn so becomingly, November 6, 1924, 
at the age of fifty-four years, when seem- 
ingly he was in the prime of life and at 
the height of his powers, both as a unit of 
the medical profession and as a citizen 
who could ill be spared from a community, 
many of whose people felt a personal loss 
when he was removed from their midst. 
The public's sense of affliction caused by 
the death of Dr. Lockhart is expressed in 
the tribute voiced by another : 

On all sides .... when the news of Dr. Lock- 
hart's death became generally known there were 
many sincere expressions of sympathy. As an 
examiner for one of the insurance companies 
which caters particularly to the working classes, 
he had been a welcome visitor in hundreds of 



homes, where his sympathetic attitude made and 
retained for him innumerable warm friendships. 

He was a prodigious worker and intensely 
devoted to the highest ideals of his profession. His 
personality was of the wholesome and friendly 
type, and in all circles which he frequented he was 
an ornament 

In his passing the medical profession loses one 
of its most valuable members and the city a citizen 
who always strove for the best. 

Reuben A. Lockhart was a fine example 
of the initiative, force of character and 
energy of the Canadian born youth who 
have in such great numbers become 
grafted into the body politic of the United 
States. He was born in Halifax, Nova 
Scotia, September 18, 1870, being one of 
three children of his parents, who when 
he was five years of age removed with 
their family from Halifax to Bridgeport. 
In the city of Bridgeport, after the family 
had settled in their new home, the senior 
Lockhart engaged in the retail grocery 
business. His son Reuben attended the 
public schools of the city and was gradu- 
ated from the Bridgeport high school in 
the class of 1888. In the autumn of 1888 
he matriculated at Yale, and after he had 
completed his medical course, he was 
graduated in 1891 with the degree of 
Doctor of Medicine. In his high school 
days and while a student of Yale, Dr. 
Lockhart was something of a celebrity 
because of his athletic prowess. At the 
high school he was captain of the foot- 
ball team and at Yale he was catcher on 
the varsity baseball team. He was recog- 
nized not only as an able student but also 
as possessing strength and skill which 
added to the prestige of his alma mater's 
athletic department. 

Dr. Lockhart took up the practice of his 
profession immediately upon his gradua- 
tion from the Yale department of medi- 
cine. He made the city of Bridgeport, his 
by right of adoption, the scene of his pro- 



117 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



fessional and civic activities. While yet a 
young man in the field of medical practice 
Dr. Lockhart conquered many a hill of 
difficulty, and he recorded numerous tri- 
umphs over early hardships while he was 
winning his way into the confidence of the 
people whom he so earnestly desired to 
serve with the best that he could give 
them of his native talent and acquired 
skill. It was not long, however, before he 
had won many laurels and numerous 
friends. His patients and other acquaint- 
ances found in him a loyal and true friend, 
a wise counselor in their hours of illness 
and a sincere and sympathetic comforter 
in times of deepest trial. "His kind deeds 
and genial personality will be remembered 
for many years to come." In 1891 Dr. 
Lockhart was appointed a medical ex- 
aminer for the John Hancock Life Insur- 
ance Company. He continued in that as- 
sociation until the time of his death. Dur- 
ing his incumbency he had gone into 
thousands of homes containing applicants 
for insurance, and by his tact, friendly as 
well as formal offices, he had added to his 
already long list of close and enduring 
friendships. 

Dr. Lockhart was a member of the 
Order of Heptasophs, the Woodmen of 
the World, St. John's Lodge, No. 3, Free 
and Accepted Masons ; Samuel Harris 
Lodge, Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows; Joseph Dowling Lodge, Knights of 
Pythias; Ivy Grove Lodge, Woodmen's 
Circle ; the Foresters of America, the 
Bridgeport and Fairfield County Medical 
associations, Yale Alumni Association, 
Delta Epsilon Iota fraternity, Nu Sigma 
Nu Medical Fraternity, the Brooklawn 
and Algonquin clubs, and of the staff of the 
Bridgeport Hospital. He is a Republican 
in politics and served on the board of 
Aldermen and the Board of Education of 
the city of Bridgeport; a member of 



Washington Park M. E. Church and 
trustee of Trinity M. E. Church. 

Dr. Lockhart married, June 13, 1894, 
Elizabeth Uschman, daughter of Fred- 
erick and Henrietta Loezer Uschman, one 
of the well known and older residents of 
Bridgeport. To them were born two sons : 
R. Harold Lockhart, born November 25, 
1902, a medical student at Yale, and Royal 
Arthur Lockhart, born June 8, 1900. 



WATSON, General Thomas Lansdell, 
Banker and Broker. 

The city of Bridgeport has produced 
many notable characters who have loomed 
large in the world of finance and industry, 
but none has occupied, perhaps, a larger 
place, inclusive of the American metrop- 
olis, than did General Thomas L. Watson, 
born in Bridgeport December 13, 1847, 
died December 10, 1919, who became a 
power in financial institutions, an execu- 
tive of a number of large organizations, 
vice-president of the New York Consoli- 
dated Stock Exchange and brigadier-gen- 
eral of the Connecticut Brigade of the 
National Guard, in which position, as in 
all others, he distinguished himself for 
unusual ability. General Watson was of 
that type of men who accomplish things 
by sheer force of native capacity plus a 
rich fund of information that came to him 
through long years of valued experience 
with men and affairs on high planes of 
endeavor. Like so many men who have 
risen from humble beginnings to places 
of trust and responsibility, in which they 
have merited the confidence reposed in 
them by their associates, the while they 
more securely and with remarkable suc- 
cess erected the basis of their career. Gen- 
eral Watson made every move count for all 
that was worth from every ounce of worth 
that was in him as he patiently and with 



118 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



courage and fortitude ascended the lad- 
der on whose bottom rung he had set his 
foot in the days of his youth. In con- 
nection with a commendable ambition to 
succeed in life he was fired with an earnest 
desire to be of the best service possible 
in him to his fellow men, and especially 
to those organizations with which he was 
associated first as an employee and later 
as a holder of superior positions. It was 
this quality of intelligent and unselfish 
devotion to the cause at hand that con- 
tributed in no little degree to the splendid 
record he had made in the field of finance 
and in military affairs and in religious cir- 
cles. He was noted also for his almost 
ceaseless activity throughout his long life 
of seventy-two years, and by many of his 
former associates in his different enter- 
prises he is remembered alike for his re- 
markable capacity for work, his celerity 
of movement and clarity of judgment as 
well as for his other personal character- 
istics. 

Son of Dr. William Lansdell and Jean- 
ette (Nichols) Watson, his father having 
been a graduate of the University of Bal- 
timore, Maryland, and his mother a de- 
scendant of the well-known Nichols fam- 
ily of Greenfield Hill, Thomas L. Watson 
received his preliminary education in the 
public schools of Bridgeport, and then 
entered the Military Institute at Milford, 
Connecticut. With a view to making life 
in the army his profession, it was sup- 
posed that he would fill a cadet's uniform 
at West Point, but owing to a serious 
accident he was obliged, much against 
his will, to forego a federal soldier's career 
and instead entered the business world, 
where he was destined to make a brilliant 
record. His first employment in the 
sphere of business was in the position of 
clerk at the Farmers' Bank of Bridgeport. 
From that institution he advanced to a 



more lucrative and responsible position 
at the City National Bank of Bridgeport. 
He had now accumulated a valuable store 
of knowledge of banks and banking, and 
after a period of service at the City Na- 
tional he resigned his position to become a 
partner in the private banking and broker- 
age business with Daniel Hatch. Novem- 
ber I, 1866, the firm of Hatch & Watson 
began to do business in Bridgeport. Fol- 
lowing the death of Mr. Hatch, the busi- 
ness was carried on by Mr. Watson, the 
name being changed to T. L. Watson & 
Company. General Watson had begun 
to look further afield in his desire to 
enlarge his business, and in 1879 he ex- 
tended his interests to New York City, 
at 55 Broadway, where he became head 
of the brokerage firm of Watson & Gib- 
son. This house continued in successful 
operation over a period of years, and 
through his association with important 
business men and large affairs in New 
York City and Bridgeport, General Wat- 
son came to hold many positions of high 
responsibility and trust in both cities. 

He served the City National Bank as 
one of its directors ; he was an auditor of 
the City Savings Bank, treasurer of the 
Board of Trade, and treasurer of the St. 
John's Protestant Episcopal Church build- 
ing fund, and for many years was a mem- 
ber of the vestry. All the foregoing of- 
fices were held in the city of Bridgeport. 
He was also a director of the American 
Loan and Trust Company of New York, 
a director for several years of the New 
York Consolidated Stock and Petroleum 
Exchange and of its predecessors, and has 
served as chairman of its finance commit- 
tee and as a vice-president. He afterward 
purchased a seat on the New York Stock 
Exchange, and being elected to member- 
ship, he became one of the most active 
and esteemed operators of that organiza- 



119 



L 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tion. He was president of an Illinois gas 
and water company, and president of the 
Fairfield Agricultural Society for many 
years. 

General Watson made an enviable rec- 
ord in the Connecticut National Guard. He 
enlisted in the old 4th Regiment May 28, 

1877, as a member of the staff of Colonel 
R. B. Fairchild with the rank of lieu- 
tenant. He afterward was appointed aide 
on the staff of General S. R. Smith, com- 
mander of the Connecticut Brigade in 

1878, with the rank of captain. His next 
advancement was to the colonelcy of the 
4th Regiment, to which office he was 
elected and which he held until March i, 
1890, when he was appointed by Governor 
Bulkley to be commander of the Con- 
necticut Brigade, which was composed 
of four regiments of infantry, three com- 
panies of heavy artillery and a number of 
separate companies. His high position in 
the State's military establishment was 
marked with highly improved efficiency 
of the military bodies, a zeal and an en- 
thusiasm which were significant of the 
splendid morale of the troops. General 
Watson received his honorable discharge 
from the service in 1897. 

In the club circles in which General 
Watson moved he was a popular and in- 
fluential member. He had served as pres- 
ident of the New York Athletic Club, as 
commodore of the Larchmont Yacht Club 
and as fleet captain of the Atlantic Yacht 
Club. He had served as vice-president 
and president of the Union League Club 
of New York, and was a member of the 
Pilgrim Society, the New England Soci- 
ety, the Sons of the Revolution, New 
York Yacht Club, Lotus Club and of the 
Brooklawn Country and Seaside clubs of 
Bridgeport. General Watson was of 
strong Republican faith in his political 
preferments and practices, but he con- 



sistently with his policy steadfastly de- 
clined to accept the honor of election to 
public office, which he might have graced 
with rare ability, if he had but given his 
word to his large and influential follow- 
ing. 

General Watson married Alice Cheever 
Lyon, daughter of Hanford Lyon of 
Bridgeport. To them were born two 
children : Arthur Kent Lansdell Watson, 
and Alice Lyon, who married Paul Armit- 
age. 

Out of his varied walks of life there 
has departed a figure, stalwart and com- 
manding, who left the impress of a force- 
ful life upon numerous diversified en- 
deavors — the honors that came to Gen- 
eral Watson and the measure of success 
that resulted from his own capacity for 
hard work intelligently done rejoiced the 
hearts of his multitude of friends in the 
city of New York and throughout the 
State of Connecticut. His life and deeds 
comprise another chapter in the illumin- 
ated annals of the city of Bridgeport. 



KIRKHAM, Thomas Atwood, 
Manufacturer. 

Long before the New World was dis- 
covered the Kirkham name was a prom- 
inent and honorable one in England. "At 
the time of Henry III, and probably much 
earlier, they had their residence at 
Ashcombe under Haldon Hill, and of 
this they were possessed," according to 
Prince's "Worthies of Devon," C. 1700. 
They continued to be its lords for four 
hundred years after the death of that 
monarch. Later, in the reign of Edward I 
Sir Nicholas Kirkham removed his dwell- 
ing unto Blagdon, which was the long con- 
tinued seat of this name and family ; an- 
other property belonging to them was at 
Honiton. The most interesting personage 



^ 




i 



777 0,^ 



Co/ vyi^^wytyh^<^i^>'y-^~ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of this knightly race was Sir John Kirk- 
ham, made high sheriff of the county by 
Henry VIII in the fifteenth year of his 
reign (1523). He made the noble and 
large benefaction of All Hallows ; he with 
Elizaeus Harding, clerk, by their deed 
bearing date 20th July, 1523. The same 
year he was sheriff he did grant and feo- 
fee and confirm unto certain persons 
named in the same deed about nineteen 
tenements in houses and lands lying in 
the parish of Honiton aforesaid, that the 
said feofee should employ and bestow 
from time to time all the rents and profits 
arising and issuing out of the said estates 
for and towards the reparation and main- 
taining the chapel of All Hallows. But 
then this gift is not so confined to this 
particular use, but also extended to such 
other good and charitable purposes within 
the said town and parish as shall be 
thought fit and convenient by the feofees. 
What other acts of charity or piety he 
did, or what brave exploits he performed, 
or exemplary virtues he was eminent for, 
I nowhere find. They are now all swal- 
lowed up in oblivion ; the upshot of all is 
that he died and lieth interred in the aisle 
of the south side of the Parish Church of 
Paignton. 

At Paignton stands the old Parish 
Church built in the time of Henry V. 
This contains "the glorious Kirkham 
Chantry" with the stone parclose screen. 
The tomb of the Kirkham family is within 
the Chantry ornamented with their ar- 
morial bearings, with the cross and crown 
and the motto: Spes et Corona. The 
eastern and western bays of the parclose 
screen each contain two recumbent efii- 
gies which tradition says are those of Sir 
John Kirkham, who died in 1529, and his 
lady ; of his father. Sir Nicholas Kirk- 
ham, who died in 1515, and his lady. 

Among the first settlers of Connecticut 



from England was Thomas Kirkham, of 
Wethersfield. The first English settlement 
was made in 1635. There are no records 
to show whether or not Thomas Kirkham 
came there direct from England or came 
from Watertown, Massachusetts, with the 
original settlers ; probably the latter is 
correct, as he is referred to in a will made 
in Wethersfield in 1640. He evidently 
then was an established resident. He 
probably was a cabinet-maker or joiner, 
as the testator names him as executor and 
leaves in his will a sum of money to be 
paid him for making his coffin. From 
that time on the Kirkham family has fig- 
ured prominently in military, financial, 
industrial, and professional affairs of 
Connecticut and of the nation. A father 
and his son gave their lives to their coun- 
try in the war of the Revolution ; Henry 
Kirkham, the father, died of camp fever 
at Saratoga, and John, the son, enlisted at 
the age of sixteen years and received a 
wound from which he never recovered. 
His death, thirty-seven years later, was 
caused by the closing of the gunshot 
wound, which had never healed. The 
family has been identified with Wethers- 
field and with Newington, which was the 
western part of Wethersfield till it be- 
came a separate town in 1870, in an un- 
broken line since the first settlement till 
the death of John S. Kirkham in 1918. 
The home farm is still in the possession 
of the family, and Judge John H. Kirk- 
ham of New Britain still represents the 
family in Hartford County. In all gen- 
erations the family name has been em- 
bellished by leadership in the various call- 
ings, as soldiers, scholars, churchmen, 
municipal officers, legislators and indus- 
trialists, who have borne the name of 
Kirkham. They have left, and still are 
maintaining a lofty standard of family 
pride and virtue. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Thomas Atwood Kirkham, successful 
business man of Bridgeport, whose an- 
cestral line goes back to the original 
Kirkham, who came from England early 
in the seventeenth century and trans- 
planted the family tree to the beautiful 
Connecticut Valley — in that region local- 
ized by the city of Hartford and the towns 
of Newington and Wethersfield — is pres- 
ident and treasurer of the Berkshire 
Fertilizer Company of Bridgeport, which 
business he founded thirty years ago, and 
has other varied and important business 
interests, being a director of a num- 
ber of corporations in Bridgeport and 
elsewhere. His interest in the com- 
plex life of the city of Bridgeport, 
while not politically active, is keen and 
intelligent, and his civic duty is per- 
formed with that fidelity which ranks 
him among the substantial citizens of the 
community. He is a member of the 
Brooklawn Country Club, and for twenty- 
eight years a member of the old Seaside 
Club. 

The first Kirkham, for the purposes of 
this review, was: 

(I) Thomas (i) Kirkham, who came 
from England to Wethersfield, Connecti- 
cut, in 1640, or earlier. He was tax- 
gatherer in 1648-9. He died in 1677 or 
earlier. 

(II) Thomas (2) Kirkham, son of 
Thomas (i) Kirkham, married, March 24, 
1684, Jane Butler. He was appointed 
town shepherd March 21, 1689, and at one 
time was constable. 

(III) Henry (i) Kirkham, son of 
Thomas (2), married, December 21, 1719, 
Martha, daughter of Samuel Burr of Hart- 
ford. She died June 2, 1759. He fought 
in the French and Indian wars. 

(IV) Henry (2) Kirkham, son of Henry 
(i), was born August 30, 1728. He mar- 
ried Eunice Butler, October 31, 1757 (or 



'59). He was in General Gates' Northern 
Army in the Revolution, and was present 
at Burgoyne's surrender. He died of 
camp fever at Saratoga, New York. 

(V) John Kirkham, son of Henry (2) 
Kirkham and his wife Eunice, was born 
November 5, 1760. He enlisted in the 
army of the War of the Revolution at 
the age of sixteen years as a musician — 
he was a fifer — and served till the close 
of the war. He was wounded (tradition 
has it that he was shot while in a tree 
fifing to his comrades in arms) at the bat- 
tle of Monmouth, New Jersey. When he 
was given his honorable discharge from 
the service he walked from Newburgh, 
New York, to his home in Newington, 
Connecticut, though lame from the ef- 
fects of his wound, which never healed 
until the week before his death, June 8, 
1815. He married, June 28, 1785, Jen- 
nette, daughter of Captain Jonathan Stod- 
dard, a Revolutionary officer. She was 
born August 29, 1767; died June 8, 1818. 

(VI) William Kirkham, son of John 
and Jennette (Stoddard) Kirkham, was 
born March 29, 1788, at Newington ; died 
in 1868 at Newington at the age of eighty 
years. In 1815 he married Sophia, daugh- 
ter of Joshua and Elizabeth (Cook) Lef- 
fingwell and a descendant of Thomas Lef- 
fingwell, one of the founders of Norwich, 
Connecticut. She died November 14, 1880, 
at the age of eighty-four years. At New- 
ington Center is the beautiful Mill Pond, 
a natural lake, fed by a brook of spring 
water from Cedar Mountain and teeming 
with trout and other fish. This body of 
water owes its existence to a wonderful 
ledge of rock which extends across the 
lower end of the pond, with a perpen- 
dicular outward face, giving a fall of more 
than twenty feet. The top of the ledge 
is of uniform width and is wide enough 
to be used as a driveway. It is a natural 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



dam, and is so adapted for that purpose 
that, one seeing it for the first time, would 
think it had been designed and built by 
man. There is but one other freak of 
nature similar to this in the country. In- 
dians, before they were crowded out by 
the white man, lived on the banks of this 
pond, and hunted and fished there for a 
livelihood. This pond with the ledge and 
the meadow under it came into the pos- 
session of William Kirkham by the death 
of his father in 1815. That same year he 
married and built a new home on the 
street at the east end of the "ledge" on the 
bank of the pond. This house recently 
burned after standing more than one hun- 
dred years. There was a big water-wheel 
that gave power for running the mill, 
which was used for making cloth and also 
cider, cider vinegar and cider brandy. 
This was William Kirkham's home for 
the major part of twenty-five years. But 
the inclinations of Mr. Kirkham were 
more toward the vocation of a teacher 
than a business life, and for about thirty 
years he taught school at Hartford and 
in other places in Connecticut and in 
Springfield, Massachusetts. After teach- 
ing in Springfield a number of years, mak- 
ing his home while there with his brother 
John, he moved his family to Springfield, 
about 1835, and they all lived there for 
several years. The moving was done in 
the winter, the household goods being 
transported by ox-sled for thirty-two 
miles, and Mrs. Kirkham and the children 
by horse and sleigh. Because Mr. Kirk- 
ham was teaching in Springfield, the bur- 
den of moving, closing the house, dispos- 
ing of a small but varied assortment of 
livestock, fell upon his wife. Her's was 
the self-sacrificing life of the unapplauded 
heroine. 



He sings to the wide world, and she to her nest. 
In the nice ear of nature which song is the best? 



William Kirkham was a member of the 
Congregational Church and prominent in 
church circles. He had an excellent tenor 
voice, and had been taught music by his 
father. He was a fifer in the Governor's 
Footguard for many years. In 1840 he 
sold the Mill Pond property and bought 
a farm on the main street of Newington 
Center which still is held by his descend- 
ants. Of the children borne him by his 
wife Sophia, seven grew to maturity. 

(VII) John Stoddard Kirkham, son of 
William and Sophia (Leffingwell) Kirk- 
ham, was born April 6, 1826, at Newing- 
ton ; died February 8, 1918. His educa- 
tion was acquired at the old Newington 
Academy and in schools of Hartford and 
Springfield, Massachusetts. He was a 
"Forty-niner" and a member of the com- 
pany organized and headed by Major 
Horace Goodwin of Hartford that made 
that historic trip in a schooner, owned and 
fitted out by the company, around Cape 
Horn to California in the quest of gold. 
The journey "around the Horn" occupied 
six months, the first port of call being 
Rio de Janeiro. Arriving at San Fran- 
cisco, the ship was abandoned and John 
Stoddard Kirkham, in a company com- 
posed of six friends, went into the moun- 
tains, where they were very successful in 
their search for gold. They later engaged 
in the ambitious venture of damming and 
turning from its course the Sacramento 
River. They succeeded in their undertak- 
ing, only — on the night the job was fin- 
ished — to have the dam swept away by a 
freshet that roared down from the moun- 
tains in a resistless torrent. Youth, a 
good constitution and powerful physique 
have their limitations, and as a result of 
working in the ice-cold water from the 
melting snow of the mountains, John 
Stoddard Kirkham was stricken with 
pneumonia, and this attack was followed 



i 



123 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



by chronic dysentery. His life was des- 
paired of, and his body wasted almost to a 
skeleton. He started for home. He got 
passage on a sailing ship bound for Cen- 
tral America, where he landed and spent 
some time recuperating his health and 
waiting for an opportunity to cross to the 
Atlantic side of the isthmus. The day 
he landed he bought a coarse grass sack 
holding a bushel of sweet oranges for ten 
cents, including the sack. He told of hav- 
ing sucked one hundred oranges that first 
day, and declared that almost immedi- 
ately he was cured of the chronic com- 
plaint that had refused to respond to 
medicine. That grass sack was taken 
home and preserved for many years. Mr. 
Kirkham crossed the isthmus by way of 
ox-carts and Lake Nicaragua. The ox- 
carts were made with wooden axles, the 
wheels were solid sections sawed from 
large round logs. A native ran alongside, 
pulling large green leaves from the road- 
side and thrusting them into the axles to 
take the place of grease and to alleviate 
the screaming of the wheels. The route 
followed was strewn with the machinery 
and tools that had been left by Commo- 
dore Vanderbilt when he abandoned his 
attempt to construct the Nicaraguan ca- 
nal. John Stoddard Kirkham arrived at 
his old home early in 185 1, and entered 
with a will the vocation of farming on his 
father's property, and on a farm adjoining, 
which he bought. He also followed in 
his father's footsteps by teaching school 
for a number of winters. The farm still 
is in the possession of the Kirkham fam- 
ily. In 1870 Mr. Kirkham played a prom- 
inent part in bringing about the incorpo- 
ration of Newington as a separate town. 
He was an ardent member of the Demo- 
cratic party and a leader in municipal 
aflfaivs in his locality. He was the first 
town clerk of Newington, and filled that 



office for many years. He was also chair- 
man of the school board and acting school 
visitor. He was a member of the General 
Assembly in 1877 and served his district 
in the State Senate in 1887. He was a 
candidate for lieutenant-governor on the 
ticket with Governor Luzon B. Morris at 
the time when the rule was in effect that 
required a majority over all to elect a 
candidate for State office. He received a 
plurality, but the election was thrown in- 
to the Legislature, and the minority can- 
didates were declared elected. Mr. Kirk- 
ham was a member of the Connecticut 
State Board of Agriculture for many 
years. He was a charter member and for 
many years secretary of the State Dairy- 
men's Association. He was a charter 
member of the Newington Grange, Pa- 
trons of Husbandry. He was a deacon 
and for many years treasurer of the New- 
ington Congregational Church and super- 
intendent of the Sunday School. He mar- 
ried, December i, 1859, Harriet P. At- 
wood, born May 17, 1827, died December 
I, 1882, daughter of Josiah and Prudence 
(Kellogg) Atwood, of the Atwood fam- 
ily, whose members were pioneer settlers 
of Hartford and Newington. Their chil- 
dren : I. Frances H., married Henry 
Laurens Kellogg, of Newington, both de- 
ceased. 2. Thomas Atwood. 3. John H., 
who is a prominent attorney of New Brit- 
ain, Connecticut. 4. Mary Atwood (de- 
ceased), married Roderick Whittlesey 
Hine of Lebanon, Connecticut, a gradu- 
ate of Yale College, and who for many 
years has been superintendent of schools 
at Dedham, Massachusetts. 

(Vni) Thomas Atwood Kirkham, son 
of John Stoddard and Harriet Prudence 
(Atwood) Kirkham, was born March 7, 
1862, at Newington, Connecticut. He was 
educated in the public schools of his na- 
tive town and at the New Britain High 
[24 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



School, whence he was graduated in the 
class of 1880. He became identified with 
Bridgeport in a business way in 1882, al- 
though he made his home in Newington 
until 1895, when he took up his residence 
in Bridgeport. As a boy his ambition was 
to be a farmer, and one would have to 
look far to find a more attractive farm 
than the one he was born on. For a 
dozen years he managed his father's farm, 
his father being interested in the latter 
part of his life in other pursuits. This 
love of the soil has never left him, and in 
spite of a busy life, he has always found 
some time for farming. Going from 
school back to the farm, it was a natural 
sequence that drew him into the fertilizer 
business. From 1882 to 1895 he acted as 
traveling salesman for the National Fer- 
tilizer Company of Bridgeport. In 1895 
he formed a partnersip with John A. 
Barri, who was one of the incorporators 
and treasurer of the National Fertilizer 
Company, under the name of the Berk- 
shire Mills Company, for the purpose of 
manufacturing fertilizers and dealing in 
grain and coal. They rebuilt the old 
Berkshire Mill at North Bridgeport and 
operated it until 1890, when the partner- 
ship was dissolved by mutual consent, 
Mr. Barri retaining the coal and grain, and 
Mr. Kirkham the fertilizer business. Mr. 
Kirkham then conducted the fertilizer 
business individually under the name of 
Berkshire Fertilizer Company. In 1900 
Mr. Kirkham bought water-front property 
on Harbor Street, on Cedar Creek, Black 
Rock Harbor. He erected a plant, built 
a dock, and thought he had room for fu- 
ture expansion ; but the business grew so 
rapidly that soon he was cramped for 
space, and in 1910 he bought of the Hep- 
penstall Forge Company the plant of the 
old Bridgeport Forge Company at the 
foot of Howard Avenue, on the east, or 



water side of the street. This present 
location with railroad sidings and five 
hundred and forty feet of water-front pro- 
vides ample facilities for taking care of 
the larger business of to-day, which has 
continued to grow uninterruptedly. The 
company also has built and operates a 
castor oil plant for the manufacture of 
castor oil. The castor meal, which is a 
by-product, is used as a fertilizer. The 
business was incorporated in 1913 with 
Thomas A. Kirkham as president and 
treasurer, which offices he still fills. Mr. 
Kirkham is a member of the United Con- 
gregational Church of Bridgeport. 

Mr. Kirkham married. May 23, 1906, 
Fanny Leffingwell Brown, daughter of 
Martin and Elizabeth (Kirkham) Brown 
of New Britain, Connecticut. 



MANWARING, Hon. Moses Warren, 
Senator, City Treasurer, Business Man. 

The sudden death of Moses Warren 
Manwaring on January 23, 1925, took 
from Bridgeport a citizen widely known 
and respected in business and political 
circles for his active and unwearied con- 
cern in civic matters and his high unself- 
ishness and personal integrity. He repre- 
sented the best type of citizen, and his 
passing was felt not only by his friends 
as a personal loss, but by many who 
scarcely knew him as a loss to the city 
which he had served for years in many 
capacities. 

He was born in East Lyme, Connecti- 
cut, August 18, 1845, of Allen W. and 
Lydia (Warren) Manwaring. On his 
mother's side he was descended from 
Richard Warren, one of the first arrivals 
in the "Mayflower," from Moses Warren, 
captain in the Revolutionary Army ; and 
from Moses Warren, son of the preceding, 
who aided Moses Cleveland in making a 



125 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



survey of "New Connecticut," later Ohio. 
It was this Moses Warren who provided 
its name for Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, 
and for whom the city of Warren, Ohio, 
was named. 

Moses W. Manwaring was educated in 
the public schools at East Lyme and New 
London. He learned the carpenter's trade 
in East Lyme, and came to Bridgeport in 
1869 to engage with the late Andrew 
Morehouse in the building business. Their 
firm built many of the houses on the East 
Side, in the section which was developed 
by P. T. Barnum and General Noble. 
Later Moses Manwaring entered the em- 
ploy of the Union Metallic Cartridge 
Company, and had charge of erecting 
many of its present buildings. In 1891 
he bought out the Curtis Brothers' plumb- 
ing and heating business, and erected the 
brick block on East Main Street now 
owned by the Bridgeport Arion Singing 
Society. In 191 1 he was chief organizer 
of the American Bank and Trust Com- 
pany, of which he was the first president. 
He retired from business in 1919, selling 
out to Horace J. Wellington. 

He held many political offices. In the 
mayoralty of P. T. Barnum he was a 
Councilman, and was later for several 
terms Alderman from the old Fifth Ward. 
In 1906-1910 he was chairman of the Con- 
gress Street Bridge Commission, and had 
the distinction of returning to the city 
unspent a considerable part of the appro- 
priation. He represented the Twenty- 
third District in the Connecticut Senate, 
1909-1910. For six years, 1913-1919, he 
was treasurer of the city. Besides polit- 
ical offices he was president of both local 
and State organizations of the Master 
Plumbers' Association and the Business 
Men's Association. He was an organizer 
and for some years treasurer of the 
Bridgeport Protective Association. 



He married, December 11, 1872, Em- 
meline Louise Comstock, daughter of the 
Hon. John Jay Comstock of East Lyme. 
They had two daughters, one of whom, 
May Louise, died in infancy, and the 
other, Elizabeth Wheeler Manwaring, is a 
member of the faculty of Wellesley 
College. 



WARNER, Donald Judson, 

Secretary of State. 

One of the oldest of English surnames, 
the name of Warner is found in the 
Domesday Book, and there have been two 
suppositions to the derivation of this 
name, one being that it was derived from 
Warriner, the keeper of a warren, and 
other antiquarians claim the following 
derivation : "It appears that near the 
boundary of Wales, in the southwest sec- 
tion of England, there dwelt a race of 
people who were engaged in agricultural 
pursuits. To protect themselves from 
the surrounding savage tribes, these peo- 
ple were forced to appoint from among 
themselves the most athletic and discreet 
men, who might go out into the surround- 
ing country and warn people of the ap- 
proach of the enemy. Hence the name 
Warner, and this explanation of the origin 
and significance of the name corresponds 
with the derivation from the old high 
German Warjan, meaning to defend, as 
given by Zeuss. It seems likely that the 
name is derived from the ancient German 
and like all historic names was spelled in 
a variety of ways. In the seventh century 
we find the old form, Warin, Guarin, 
Warne, and Wern, and at a later date, 
Warrerner, Warner and Werner, the lat- 
ter also being common English forms of 
the name. The arms of the Warner fam- 
ily are: 



126 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Arms — Or, a bend engrailed between six roses, 
gules. 
Motto — Non nobis iantum nati. 

These were emblazoned on their shields 
and are also found carved in several parts 
of the ceiling of the South Isle of the 
Church of Great Waltham, England. 
Burke gives the significance of the motto 
as "we are not born for ourselves alone." 

(I) Andrew Warner, the immigrant an- 
cestor, was born in England about 1600, a 
son of John Warner of Hatfield, Glouces- 
ter, England, and came from there to 
Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1630 or 
1633, becoming a proprietor of Cam- 
bridge in that year. He was admitted a 
freeman May 14, 1634, and in 1635 was 
living in Cambridge on the northerly side 
of Eliot Street, and also owned several 
other lots in Cambridge. In December, 
1636, he sold his property and removed 
to Hartford, Connecticut, thence remov- 
ing to Hadley, Massachusetts, about 1659, 
of which town he was one of the first set- 
tlers, and where he died December 18, 
1684. 

(II) Lieutenant Daniel Warner, son of 
Andrew Warner, was born about 1640. 
He went in 1659 with his father to Had- 
ley, and settled in that part of the town 
afterwards called Hatfield, where he died 
April 30, 1692. He was a farmer and 
owner of much land. 

(III) John Warner, son of Lieutenant 
Daniel Warner, was born in Hatfield in 
April, 1677. He married, in 1716, Me- 
hitable Richardson, and settled in East 
Haddam, Connecticut, where he died in 
March, 1750. His wife died March 10, 
1776, and both are buried about three 
miles southeast of Chapman's Ferry. 

(IV) Rev. Noadiah Warner, son of 
John Warner, was born in East Haddam, 
January 12, 1728-29, and died at Newton, 
Connecticut, February 2, 1794. In 1759, 
he graduated from Yale Divinity School 



and was installed pastor of the church at 
Danbury, Connecticut, in 1762, later serv- 
ing at Hoosac and Trumbull. In 1781, 
he bought a farm at Newton, his church 
having been taken over to store rebel pro- 
visions in, and retired to his farm. Rev. 
Mr. Warner married Elizabeth De Forest, 
September 17, 1761, and she died in Sep- 
tember, 1812. She was of Huguenot de- 
scent from Jesse De Forest, born in 1575, 
who removed from France to Holland in 
161 5, and was one of the leaders of the 
Huguenot Colony that settled in New 
York in 1623. Mrs. Warner was also de- 
scended from John Peet, who came from 
Duffield, England, to Stratford in 1635. 

(V) Harvey De Forest Warner, son of 
Rev. Noadiah Warner, was born in Dan- 
bury, August I, 1769, and died at Salis- 
bury, Connecticut, March 30, 1859. He 
engaged in farming and also was the 
owner of an iron ore mine. He married 
(first) December 10, 1796, Elizabeth Clark 
born September 4, 1778, daughter of Na- 
thaniel Carey and Sarah Clark of Salis- 
bury, and grand-daughter of Gamaliel and 
Elizabeth (Carey) Clark of Milford. Mrs. 
Warner died June 2, 1821. 

(VI) Donald Judson Warner, son of 
Harvey De Forest Warner, was born in 
Salisbury, September 15, 1819, and died 
there March 31, 1904. In 1842, he was 
admitted to the Litchfield County Bar and 
engaged in practice in Salisbury. He was 
judge of the District Court and of the 
Court of Common Pleas for eight years 
and several times served as representa- 
tive. He was appointed quarter-master- 
general by Governor Buckingham but 
never qualified to this office. On Novem- 
ber 16, 1847, he married Lois Camp Tick- 
nor Ball, born in Salisbury, March 27, 
1829, died January 13, 1880, daughter of 
Robert and Sophia Buckingham (Tick- 
nor) Ball, a descendant of Rev. Robert 
Ball, a clergyman from the north of Ire- 



127 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



land ; she was adopted by an uncle, Ben- 
ajah Ticknor, fleet surgeon in the navy 
under Commodore Decatur. 

(VII) Donald Ticknor Warner, eldest 
son of Donald J. and Lois Warner, was 
born in Salisbury, December 15, 1850, and 
was educated in the district schools of 
that town and the Salisbury Academy. 
In the class of 1872, he entered Trinity 
College at Hartford, but owing to ill 
health was unable to complete his course. 
He took up the study of law under the 
able perceptorship of his father and was 
admitted to the bar in 1873. He practiced 
his profession in association with his 
father until the latter was appointed 
judge, and in 1890 Mr. Warner formed a 
partnership with Howard Fitch Landon 
under the firm name of Warner & Lan- 
don. From June, 1896, to March, 1917, 
he was State's Attorney for Litchfield 
County, being appointed Judge of the 
Superior Court in the latter year. From 
1885 to 1917, Judge Warner was also 
Judge of the Probate Court ; is President 
of the Litchfield County Bar Association, 
and from November, 1874, to 1885, served 
as postmaster. He is a Republican in 
politics and served the interests of that 
party in the State Senate in 1895 and 1897, 
being chairman of the Judiciary Commit- 
tee both sessions. He is treasurer of the 
Salisbury Cutlery Company ; president of 
the Lakeville Water Company, and holds 
the same office with the Lakeville Gas 
Company ; director of the National Iron 
Bank of Falls Village, Connecticut. Judge 
Warner attends St. John's Episcopal 
Church of Salisbury, and is also one of the 
financial agents of the parish. 

He married, October 4, 1884, Harriet 
E. Wells, born November 14, 1857, daugh- 
ter of Philip and Elizabeth (Harrison) 
Wells, and their children were : Donald 
Judson, born July 24, 1885, of extended 



mention below ; Elizabeth Harrison, born 
November 2"], 1886, wife of Irving Kent 
Fulton of Salisbury; Lois Caroline, born 
June 30, 1888 ; Mary Virginia, February 5, 
1891 ; Philip Wells, November 2, 1893 \ 
Jeanette De Forest, born December 3, 
1896. 

(VIII) Donald Judson Warner, eldest 
son of Judge Donald T. and Harriet 
(Wells) Warner, was born in Salisbury 
where he attended the public schools and 
was also under private tutors. He at- 
tended the Hotchkiss School where he 
prepared for Yale College and graduated 
from that institution in 1906; two years 
later he graduated from the Yale Law 
School and was admitted to the bar at 
Winsted the same year. He engaged in 
practice in Salisbury, the third genera- 
tion of his family in succession to follow 
this profession in that town, and in 1908 
was elected Justice of the Peace on the 
Democratic ticket and still holds this 
office. He was Secretary of the State of 
Connecticut in 1921-1923, and has long 
been an active member of the town com- 
mittee. 

Fraternally, he is a member of Mont- 
gomery Lodge, No. 13, Ancient Free and 
Accepted Masons; the Hartford Club; 
the Graduates Club of New Haven; the 
Sons of the American Revolution ; and 
the Connecticut Historical Society. 

Mr. Warner married Lois Church Sco- 
ville of Salisbury and they attend the 
Episcopal Church there, of which Mr. 
Warner is a member of the Vestry and 
assistant clerk of the parish. 



BURNHAM, William Edward, 
Business Executive. 

Place names were first adopted by the 
French in the twelfth century, and were 
taken from the estates of those who used 



128 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



them. The custom of using surnames 
was introduced into England at the time 
of the Norman Conquest, and, as in 
France, the first names used were place 
names. The name Burnham was first 
assumed in England shortly after the 
Conquest, and is Anglo-Saxon in deriva- 
tion. Walter de Veutre, first bearer of 
the name, came to England in the army 
of William the Conqueror, in the train of 
his cousin, Earl Warren, who was the son- 
in-law of the Conqueror. At the institu- 
tion of the feudal system of land tenure 
under the Norman regime, Walter de 
Veutre was made Lord of several Saxon 
villages, among which was the village of 
Burnham, where he took up his residence 
and became known as de Burnham. Burn- 
ham is derived from Beorn or Burn, old 
Anglo-Saxon meaning a bear. According 
to Ferguson the patronymic signifies 
"chief, hero, man." In Anglo-Saxon the 
name is Beornham, Byrbham, etc., and is 
at present variously spelled Burnham, 
Bernham, Berham, and Barnham. The 
family is one of the most ancient and hon- 
orable in England, and is entitled to bear 
arms by royal patent. 

Arms — Gules a chevron between three lions' 
heads erased or. 
Crest — A leopard's head erased proper. 

Burke records a different coat-of-arms 
for Burnham of Suffolk and several vari- 
ations of the above arms for various 
branches of the family. 

(I) Thomas Burnham, immigrant an- 
cestor and founder of the family in Amer- 
ica, was born in Hatfield, Herefordshire, 
England, in 1617. There is authentic rec- 
ord of Thomas Burnham in an old docu- 
ment, dated November 20, 1635, when he 
"imbarqued for the Barbadoes, in the Ex- 
pedition, Peter Blacklee, Master, took the 
oath of allegiance and Supremacy, Ex- 
Conn. 11 — 9 



amined by the Minister of the town of 
Gravesend." The first record of him in 
America appears in the year 1649, when 
he was in Hartford, and served as bonds- 
man for his servant, Rushmore, "that he 
should carry good behavior." From the 
fact that he brought servants to America, 
it is established that Thomas Burnham 
was a man of means, and he is also known 
to have been a man of excellent education 
and mentality ; he practiced as a lawyer 
for several years after coming to America. 
In 1659 he purchased an extensive tract 
of land now lying principally in the towns 
of East Hartford and South Windsor. 
This he purchased from Tantonimo, the 
chief sachem of the Potunke tribe, and 
held it under a deed from the aforemen- 
tioned chief, and later in 1661, under a 
deed from six of his successors and allies, 
by which they renounce "all our right and 
title in those lands aforesayd unto Thomas 
Burnham and his heirs." During the time 
that the land was in his possession Thom- 
as Burnham was forced to prosecute sev- 
eral lawsuits, supported by the govern- 
ment. It was finally ordered divided, but 
he refused to give it up, thereby prolong- 
ing the contest for a longer period. At a 
town meeting in Hartford in 1688, the in- 
habitants sanctioned the appointment "of 
a Committee in behalf of this town, to 
treat with Thomas Burnham, Senior, up- 
on his claim to the lands on the East side 
of the Great River." On this vast tract 
he erected a house which, during the In- 
dian War of 1675, was one of five which 
were fortified and garrisoned. He was a 
man of considerable prominence in the 
official life of the town, and in 1649, 1656, 
1659 and 1660, was the plaintifif in several 
court actions, in which he usually de- 
fended himself. In 1659 he was attorney 
for Jeremy Adams, of Northampton, and 
in 1662 defended Abigail Betts, in a 
129 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



charge of blasphemy ; for his successful 
defense of her, "for saving her neck," the 
court condemned him to "ye prison-keep." 
The sentence was not carried out, but he 
was deprived of citizenship for a period, 
and prohibited from acting as attorney 
for others. In 1665 he served on the jury. 
In 1662 he gave bonds to keep the peace, 
because of a complaint against him for 
abuse in the case of Abigail Betts. Some 
of the land originally purchased from the 
Indians by Thomas Burnham is still in 
the possession of the Burnham family. 
Thomas Burnham married Anna Wright 
in 1639. She was born in England in 
1620, came to America with her husband, 
and died here on August 5, 1703. He died 
on June 24, 1688, before his death dividing 
the greater part of his estate among his 
children by deed. His wife did not pro- 
duce his will immediately after his death 
when it was called for by the court. It 
was proved by witnesses in June, 1690. 

(II) Richard Burnham, son of Thomas 
and Anna (Wright) Burnham, was born 
in America in 1654 and died on April 28, 
1731. He married Sarah Humphries, 
daughter of Michael and Priscilla (Grant) 
Humphries, of Windsor, Connecticut, on 

June I, . He inherited extensive 

land holdings from his father, and on 
May 29, 171 1, with three of his brothers, 
he received a deed of land from three 
women. In 1721 Richard Burnham re- 
ceived another deed of land, from John 
Morecock. In 1730, in place of lands 
taken by the town of Windsor, the pro- 
prietors of five miles of land on the east 
side of the great river, in the township of 
Hartford, conveyed to the heirs of Thom- 
as Burnham the title to two hundred and 
twenty-seven acres of land. Richard 
Burnham was a wealthy property owner 
and prominent in local affairs. 

(III) Lieutenant Richard (2) Burn- 



ham, son of Richard (i) Burnham and 
Sarah (Humphries) Burnham, was born 
July 6, 1692, and died February 11, 1754. 
He married Abigail Easton, on May 5, 
1715 ; she was born March 16, 1687. He 
married (second) Hannah Goodwin or 
Hannah Risley. His second wife died 
on March 28, 1784. In 1738 Richard 
Burnham was confirmed by the general 
assembly to be lieutenant of the third 
company in the first regiment in the col- 
ony. He was an important man in the 
affairs of the community, as is shown by 
the fact that on December 26, 1716, he, 
with Roger Wolcott, Captain Stoughton 
and Ensign Burnham, was "appointed to 
dignify the seats in the Meeting House." 
He received a deed of land on the east 
side of the Connecticut River from the 
administrators of the estate of John 
Easton, his wife's father, in 1726. A deed 
of land to him from Joseph Keeney is also 
recorded. 

(IV) Elisha Burnham, son of Lieuten- 
ant Richard (2) Burnham, was born on 
June 22, 1717, and died on July 18, 1770. 
He received much land in the vicinity of 
Hartford from his father, to which he 
added by purchase. Elisha Burnham was 
noted in the community for his size and 
extraordinary strength. He married, on 
February 5, 1742, Sarah Olmstead, daugh- 
ter of Deacon Joseph and Hannah (Marsh) 
Olmstead of East Hartford. She was 
born November 10, 1716, and died at the 
home of her daughter at Hartford Neck, 
on September 3, 1810, at the advanced age 
of ninety-four years. Elisha Burnham 
died in an epidemic of fever which swept 
Hartford in 1770. On November i, of the 
same year, the court granted letters of ad- 
ministration on his estate to Joseph 
Church, Jr., who gave bonds with Elisha 
Burnham, son of the deceased. 

(V) George Burnham, son of Elisha 
130 



i 




^^ 




ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and Sarah (Olmstead) Burnham, was 
born August 13, 1753, and died on March 
10, 1830. He married Nancy Bigelow. 
She was married November 16, 1775, and 
died on January 16, 1800, aged forty-five 
years. 

(VI) Charles Burnham, son of George 
and Nancy (Bigelow) Burnham, was born 
on June 18, 1786, and died May 29, 1852. 
He married (first) Hannah White, who 
was born February 20, 1786, and died 
October 16, 1812, at the age of twenty-six. 
He married (second) Persis White, daugh- 
ter of Preserved White of Springfield, 
Massachusetts, where she was born April 
30, 1792. Charles Burnham was one of 
the inspectors in the United States ar- 
mory at Springfield, and was thoroughly 
respected and honored in the community. 

(VH) Edward Goodwin Burnham, son 
of Charles and Persis (White) Burnham, 
was born in Springfield, Hampden County 
Massachusetts, on June 2, 1827, died in 
Bridgeport February 28, 1908. He spent 
the early years of his life in Springfield, 
and received his education in the local 
public schools there. At a very early age 
he became interested in mechanical occu- 
pations, and devoted a large portion of his 
time to study and experiment in that 
field. At the age of sixteen years, he 
went to Brattleboro, Vermont, and ap- 
prenticed himself to the firm of Hines, 
Newman & Hunt, to learn the machinist's 
trade. After serving his apprenticeship 
he left the aforementioned firm and en- 
tered the United States Armory at Spring- 
field as a machinist, later becoming a con- 
tractor. Mr. Burnham resigned his posi- 
tion in the armory several years later and 
removed to Bridgeport, Connecticut. In 
Bridgeport, he became connected with the 
manufacturing firm of Dwight, Chapin & 
Company, then engaged in the manufac- 
ture of appendages for rifles for the United 



States Government. The company later 
extended the work to include the mak- 
ing of firearms. This was during the 
Civil War, and the business was greatly 
strengthened and increased by extensive 
orders for war munitions. 

At the close of the war, Mr. Burnham 
severed his connections with Dwight, 
Chapin & Company, and became inter- 
ested in the manufacture of steam, gas 
and water fittings, in partnership with 
Charles F. Belknap of Bridgeport. The 
business grew with such rapidity that 
shortly after the inception, the corpora- 
tion of Belknap and Burnham was formed 
with Mr. Burnham as president. Mr. Burn- 
ham was a man of considerable inventive 
genius, and skilled in the handling of 
problems in manufacturing. Under his 
management the business of the firm 
went forward in such strides that in 1874 
the Eaton, Cole & Burnham Company 
was formed with greatly increased cap- 
ital, and enlarged factory accommoda- 
tions. Mr. Burnham was vice-president 
of the new concern at the time of its or- 
ganization, but later became president, 
which post he held until he resigned from 
active business life, in 1905. During the 
time of his presidency Mr. Burnham 
greatly advanced the efficiency of the 
plant, and raised the working force to 
fourteen hundred men. The firm was one 
of the principal industries of the city of 
Bridgeport, and one of the largest of its 
kind in the State of Connecticut, employ- 
ing over twenty-four hundred men. 

As the head of a corporation of such 
size and prominence in the life of the 
city of Bridgeport, Mr. Burnham was in- 
fluential in the executive councils of other 
large interests of the city, and also in 
public life. He was vice-president of the 
United Illuminating Company, president 
of the Bridgeport Crucible Company, 



131 



L 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



vice-president of the Bridgeport Hospital 
and a trustee of the Bridgeport Protestant 
Orphan Asylum, and a director of the City 
National Bank. In addition to the ab- 
sorbing duties of his business, Mr. Burn- 
ham gave much time and energy to honest 
and unselfish service of public interests, 
and he was recognized throughout the 
city as a man of sterling character as well 
as unusual ability in public service. In 
1887 he was elected State Senator of the 
Connecticut Legislature and served in 
this capacity for two years. He also 
served on the Bridgeport Board of Public 
Works for several years. Prior to the 
organization of the Republican party, 
he was a staunch Whig, but on the forma- 
tion of the latter, transferred his allegi- 
ance, and to the time of his death re- 
mained the best type of a Republican. 
Mr. Burnham was a member and vestry- 
man of St. John's Church of Bridgeport. 
He was a member of the Seaside Club, 
the Algonquin Club and the Bridgeport 
Yacht Club, and was a keen sportsman. 
He gave generously but unostentatiously 
to charities and before his death presented 
a large and valuable building to the 
Bridgeport Hospital. 

In September, 1853, Edward Goodwin 
Burnham married Mary Ferree, born July 
5, 1826, died June 12, 1899, daughter of 
Uriah and Syble Russell Ferree, of Spring- 
field, Massachusetts. Their children : 
Mary W., married Henry D. Henshaw ; 
Carrie Bell, married John A. Ten Eyck; 
and William Edward, of whom further. 
Edward Goodwin Burnham died in 
Bridgeport, February 28, 1908. The fol- 
lowing excerpt is taken from the Bridge- 
port Standard of that date : "Mr. Burn- 
ham's life was marked by many splendid 
qualities, and above all by his great gen- 
erosity and his broad charity, which was 
the greater for being of the unobtrusive 



kind. Since his retirement from business 
he has given away a large sum of money 
in useful charity. Among his public 
works was the erection of one of the 
wings of the Bridgeport Hospital, but 
that was a small undertaking compared 
to the steady stream of help which has 
flowed from time to time to the poor and 
needy, always quietly, the satisfaction 
coming to Mr. Burnham in the perform- 
ance of the deed and not in the receiving 
of public credit for it." 

(VIII) William Edward Burnham, son 
of Edward Goodwin and Mary (Ferree) 
Burnham, was born in Springfield, Mas- 
sachusetts, on November 25, 1856. Mr. 
Burnham, Sr., removed from Springfield 
to Bridgeport in i860, and William E. 
Burnham attended the schools of that 
city, public and private, and later studied 
for two years at Seabury Institute in Say- 
brook, Connecticut. His career, like his 
father's, has been devoted to mechanics 
and manufacture. Very early he deter- 
mined on the mechanical field for his life 
work, and secured his first employment 
in this line in the iron fitting department 
of Eaton, Cole & Burnham, of which his 
father was president. Convinced that thor- 
ough acquaintance with every phase of 
the work of the place was the only basis 
on which to build his career, Mr. Burn- 
ham began on the lowest rung of the lad- 
der, rising gradually through positions of 
varying responsibility to the capacity of 
vice-president, assistant treasurer and 
manager. During the term of his service 
and connection with it, the firm Eaton, 
Cole & Burnham became one of the larg- 
est and most important of the enormous 
and extensive brass and iron industries of 
the entire State of Connecticut. In 1905 
the year of his father's retirement, Mr. 
Burnham sold out his interest in the com- 
pany to the Crane Company of Chicago, 
132 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Illinois, and since then has given the 
greater portion of his time to a large iium- 
ber of interests with which he is con- 
nected. He is president of the Pacific 
Iron Works, director of the First National 
Bank, director, for past twenty-five years, 
of the Bridgeport Hospital, and director 
of the Bridgeport Public Library and 
Bridgeport Boys' Club. 

Mr. Burnham has served the city of 
Bridgeport faithfully and well in the fol- 
lowing official capacities : In 1897, he was 
appointed park commissioner and served 
for seven years ; and has served on board 
of apportionment and taxation, and on 
board of contracts and supplies for several 
years, retiring in 1925. In 1908 he was 
elected delegate to the Republican Na- 
tional Convention ; in 1909 he was one of 
the Republican presidential electors, and 
was a member of the Republican Central 
State Committee. He is a member of the 
order of Knights Templar, Pyramid Tem- 
ple of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine; 
the Order of Elks ; the Algonquin of 
Bridgeport; the Union League Club of 
New Haven, and the New York Yacht 
Club. 

William Edward Burnham married 
Hattie J. Keifer, on December 10, 1884, 
daughter of Jacob and Effie Jane (Decker) 
Kiefer, old residents of Bridgeport. Their 
home is on Fairfield Avenue, Bridgeport. 
They are members of St. John's Protest- 
ant Episcopal Church. Mrs. Burnham 
died January 17, 1923. 

Mr. Burnham is one of the substantial, 
highly respected, and progressive busi- 
ness men of the city of Bridgeport, and 
of the type of enterprising excutive that 
has been responsible for the extraordinary 
development of the city two decades. 
Bridgeport is now the largest and most 
important manufacturing city in the en- 
tire State, and this fact is due largely to 



the presence in the city of such men as 
William Edward Bumham's type. 



ACHESON, Edward Campion, 

Saffragan Bishop of Conneotiont. 

One of the most active and useful of- 
ficials of the Anglican Church, Bishop 
Acheson and his talented wife are among 
the leading citizens of Middletown in all 
good work, calculated to promote the 
welfare of the community and of the 
State. Edward Campion Acheson was 
born in 1858 in Woolwich, England, of 
Irish parents, and reared in Ireland. In 
1881 he accompanied his parents to Can- 
ada and was in business for a time at 
Toronto. For some time a student at the 
University of Toronto, he graduated in 
1888 from Wyckliflfe College at Toronto, 
a divinity school. In 1892 he received the 
degree of A. M. from the University of 
New York, being at that time a curate at 
St. George's Church of that city. He was 
ordained to the Protestant Episcopal 
priesthood by Bishop Sweatman of To- 
ronto, June 16, 1888. For one year he was 
a curate at All Saints Church at Toronto. 
In 1892 he was called to the church of the 
Holy Trinity at Middletown, Connecti- 
cut, as rector, and continued in this posi- 
tion until his consecration as Suflfragan 
Bishop. With an active mind and deeply 
engrossed in his work, he rapidly grew in 
the esteem not only of his parish, but of 
his fellow citizens generally. One who 
knew him well said: "He is first of all, 
a man. His beneficences have extended 
to people of every denomination and every 
creed. Going about doing good is his re- 
ligion." In these brief words is summed 
up the character of the man and cause for 
the respect and esteem in which he is held 
is revealed. 

While he was rector of Trinity, the 



133 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



present parish house and rectory were 
built ; also a parish house in the Staddle 
Hill district, and on Warwick Street. He 
was consecrated Bishop, November 4, 
191 5, being the two hundred eighty-third 
American Bishop. He received the degree 
of Doctor of Divinity from Wesleyan 
University and on November i, 1916, this 
degree was conferred upon him by Trinity 
College of Hartford. His activities in 
church affairs are numerous and he has 
served as chairman of the Committee on 
Church Revision Fund; was vice-presi- 
dent of a Church Auxiliary and is a trustee 
of Berkeley Divinity School. While a 
student at the University of Toronto, 
Bishop Acheson was active in the militia 
service of the Province, was a member of 
Company K, the university company, of 
the Queen's Own Regiment, and distin- 
guished himself for bravery under fire 
during the second Riel Rebellion, for 
which he received a medal from Queen 
Victoria. During the recent World's War, 
his military and patriotic spirit led him 
into many activities and he served as 
Field Director of the American Red Cross 
in this country. At its outbreak he was 
stranded in Italy with many other Ameri- 
can tourists, and was appointed by Am- 
bassador Page on a commission to relieve 
American tourists and arrange for their 
transportation to this country. Because 
of his executive ability and his cheerful 
and hopeful disposition, he was particu- 
larly valuable to this organization. He 
is affiliated with St. John's Lodge, No. 
2, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons ; 
and Cyrene Commandery, No. 8, Knights 
Templar, of Middletown. 

Bishop Acheson was married, June 8, 
1892, in Canada, to Eleanor Gooderhan, 
daughter of George Gooderhan, a mer- 
chant of Toronto. Mrs. Acheson is a 
leader in many of the uplifting activities 



of Middletown, among which may be 
mentioned the Visiting Nurses' Associa- 
tion, and has been very active in Red 
Cross work, in community service and 
other movements along the lines of these 
organizations. Mr. and Mrs. Acheson 
are the parents of a daughter and two 
sons: Margaret C, Dean G., and Ed- 
ward C. 



PECK, Howard Sydney, 

Public Servant. 

A scion of one of the oldest Connecti- 
cut families, Mr. Peck is an exponent of 
the steady virtues which have for three 
centuries distinguished the Puritan fa- 
thers of New England. Among the first 
settlers of New Haven, in 1638, was 
Henry Peck, probably a relative of Dea- 
con William Peck, who settled there in 
the same year. They are supposed to 
have been members of Rev. John Daven- 
port's flock that came with Governor 
Eaton in the ship "Hector," arriving at 
Boston, June 26, 1637. Henry Peck signed 
the fundamental agreement of the settlers 
of New Haven, and took an active interest 
in the management of the affairs of the 
colony. A portion of his home lot, on 
what is now George Street, is still in pos- 
session of his descendants. His will is 
dated October 30, 165 1, and he died soon 
after that day. His third son, Benjamin 
Peck, was baptized September 5, 1647, 
and lived in that part of New Haven 
known as "Sperry Farms," now the town 
of Woodbridge. His will, made March 
30, 1730, was proved April 5, following. 
He married March 29, 1670, Mary, daugh- 
ter of Richard Sperry of New Haven, 
born March 14, 1650. Benjamin, eldest 
child of Benjamin and Mary Peck, was 
born January 4, 1671, in (then) New 
Haven, and settled in "Norwich West 



134 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Farms," now Franklin, about 1700, in 
which year he was made a freeman there. 
He was a man of ability, wealth and in- 
fluence, and died May 3, 1742, having sur- 
vived his wife Mary by fourteen years. 
She died March 3, 1728. Their second 
son, Benjamin Peck, born December 4, 
1710, settled in Canterbury, Connecticut. 
He married, November 3, 1736, Martha 
Carrier, a descendant of Thomas Carrier, 
a remarkable man in both England and 
America. He was born as early as 1635, 
was noted for his fleetness of foot, and 
was a member of the body guard of 
Charles I. After he was one hundred 
years old he walked a distance of eighteen 
miles, from Colchester to Glastonbury, 
carrying a sack of corn and stopping only 
once on the way. He was in Billerica, 
Massachusetts, in 1665, in Andover in 
1692, later at Colchester, Connecticut, 
where he died March 16, 1735, "aged over 
one hundred years." He married. May 
7, 1674, Martha Allen of Andover, daugh- 
ter of Andrew and Faith Allen. She 
was executed as a witch at Salem, August 
19, 1692. Their son, Thomas Carrier, 
married, at Andover June 19, 1705, Susan- 
na Johnson, who was born December 30, 
1682, daughter of William and Sarah 
(Lovejoy) Johnson of Andover. Their 
daughter became the wife of Benjamin 
Peck, as before related. Their eldest 
child, Reuben Peck, was born October 17, 
1737. in Canterbury, where he made his 
home. He married, December 6, 1759, 
Charity French, born May 20, 1736, in 
Norwich, daughter of Abner and Sarah 
(Sluman) French of that town. Sarah 
Sluman, born January 31, 1704, in Nor- 
wich, daughter of Thomas and Sarah 
(Pratt) Sluman, was married November 
6, 1723, to Abner French. Jesse Peck, 
third son of Reuben and Charity Peck, 
born October 3, 1764, lived in Canter- 



bury and married March 31, 1795, Sarah 
Carver, born December 14, 1775, daughter 
of Gideon and Abigail (Hovey) Carver 
of Canterbury. She was admitted ("wife 
of Jesse Peck") to the Westminster 
Church of Canterbury in January, 1808. 

Joseph Peck, fourth son of Jesse and 
Sarah, was bom May 14, 1807, in Canter- 
bury (according to Canterbury records) 
May 15, 1808, by family records, and lived 
a short time in Pawlet, Vermont. He also 
resided in Litchfield and Rocky Hill, 
Connecticut, and settled permanently on 
Farm Hill, in the town of Middletown, 
where he was a successful farmer and 
died October 26, 1876. He purchased 
tracts of timber land and did a large busi- 
ness in lumber and railroad ties, beside 
furnishing wood for locomotives on the 
main line and Berlin branch of the New 
Haven Railroad. A man of industry and 
business ability, he filled an important 
place in the community. He was a mem- 
ber of the Methodist Church, a Repub- 
lican in political principle, but never 
sought political preferment. He married, 
January i, 1843, Harriet Winchester, born 
September 24, 1820, died November 24, 
1861, daughter of Joel and Sophia (Arm- 
strong) Winchester of Pawlet. 

The pioneer ancestor of the Winchester 
family was John, who is found of record 
at Muddy River, now Brookline, Massa- 
chusetts, in 1637, when he was made a 
freeman there. In 1638 he was a member 
of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery 
Company of Boston, lived in Hingham in 
1647-48 and in 1655 was again at Muddy 
River. He joined the church with his 
wife in 1674, held various town offices and 
died April 25, 1694, aged over eighty. He 
married, October 15, 1638, in Scituate, 
Hannah, daughter of Richard Scales. She 
died in Brookline September 18, 1697. 
Josiah, third son of John Winchester, was 



135 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



born March 27, 1655, and died February 
22, 1728. He married December 10, 1678, 
Mary, daughter of Peter and Ann Lyon, 
born 1650, died July 27, 1730. Their 
third son, Amariah Winchester, baptized 
April 8, 1688, died after January, 1773, 
probably in Connecticut. He married, 
December 15, 1714, in Boston, Sarah 
Seaver, born December 4, 1696, daughter 
of John and Sarah Seaver. Andrew Win- 
chester, third son of Amariah and Sarah 
born February 4, 1723, died May 18, 1793. 
He married Joanna, daughter of Ebenezer 
Williams of New London. Their eldest 
child, Andrew Winchester, born October 
16, 1750, settled at Pawlet, Vermont, in 
1786, and died 1827. He married Lydia 
Carver, and they were the parents of Joel 
Winchester, born 1790. He married Sophia 
Armstrong of Castleton, Vermont, and 
their third daughter, Harriet, became the 
wife of Joseph Peck, as previously noted. 
Howard S. Peck, fourth son of Joseph 
and Harriet (Winchester) Peck, was born 
April 20, 1858, in Middletown, where he 
has made his home to the present time. 
His attendance at the public schools ended 
before the completion of his eighteenth 
year, and he has since been actively en- 
gaged in the practical affairs of life, to his 
own profit and that of the community. 
Until 1881 he remained on the paternal 
farm, and for the succeeding eleven years 
was employed by the Middletown Silver 
Plate Company. For fifteen years he 
occupied the paternal homestead, and sold 
milk in the city, delivering from one hun- 
dred to one hundred and twenty-five 
quarts three hundred and sixty-five days 
in the year. He continues to manage the 
farm, a portion of which is rented. Mr. 
Peck was early drafted by his townsmen 
for the public service and, after serving 
as assessor and member of the board of 
relief several years, he was elected select- 



man. In 1912 he was chosen first select- 
man, and has since filled that responsible 
position. The care of the roads and mul- 
titude of interests of the large and popu- 
lous town furnish ample employment for 
his natural executive qualities, and, when 
not traversing the field of his responsibili- 
ties, he is daily found in his office in the 
municipal building. In the social life of 
the town and city, he bears an active part, 
and is a supporter of the "North" Congre- 
gational Church, with which his family is 
identified, and holds membership in sev- 
eral fraternal and benevolent bodies. 
Among these are included : St. John's 
Lodge, No. 2, Ancient Free and Accepted 
Masons ; Apollo Lodge, No. 33, Knights 
of Pythias; Middletown Lodge, No. 771, 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks ; 
and Mattabessett Grange, Patrons of 
Husbandry. Mr. Peck has consistently 
supported the principles avowed by the 
Republican party in public aflfairs and has 
been influential in shaping the manage- 
ment of local affairs. In his active career 
he has suffered no serious illness, and is 
still in prime order for action. 

Howard S. Peck married, September 
12, 1882, Carrie Doud, born in South 
Farms, Middletown, daughter of Na- 
thaniel S. and Sarah (Roberts) Doud. 
Nathaniel S. Doud was born in Madison, 
November 24, 1827, died June 15, 1921, 
married Sarah Roberts, born September 
II, 1833, died July 10, 1891, daughter of 
William and Clarissa (Blake) Roberts, 
who were married December 4, 1823. Mr. 
and Mrs. Peck were the parents of three 
sons and two daughters : Grace Frances, 
died at the age of thirty-two, while the 
wife of Richard A. Ray. Joseph Norman 
is a plumber in Middletown, residing near 
his father. Horace Howard has been 
with the Russell Manufacturing Company 
since the age of sixteen years, and also 



136 



r 




^^^Ly^.-^..w€^e^ ,x»^ c^ko.t^<>c-*^t-^r 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



resides near his father. Harry Doud is 
engaged in the manufacture of motors at 
Detroit, Michigan. Helen Louise died at 
the age of three years, three months and 
three days. 



TRUMBULL, Alexander H., 
Manufacturer. 

It is a noteworthy example of the 
Trumbull family, now widely dispersed 
throughout the United States, and numer- 
ous members of which have become prom- 
inent in the industrial world, in the field 
of letters and in political and professional 
activities. A branch of the Trumbull 
family, migrated from Great Britain, 
probably in the latter part of the sixteenth 
or early in the seventeenth century, to 
Ulster County, Ireland. There, Hugh H. 
Trumbull, father of Alexander H. Trum- 
bull was born and on emigrating to Amer- 
ica, settled in West Hartford, Connecti- 
cut, afterward removing to Plainville, 
Connecticut. He was a strong, intensively 
religious and substantial citizen of the 
communities where he carried on his agri- 
cultural pursuits. He was the father of 
seven sons, of whom is Alexander H. 
Trumbull, of this review, president of the 
Connecticut Electric Manufacturing Com- 
pany of Bridgeport, which ranks as one 
of the most important concerns of its kind 
in New England, while its head is also 
recognized as an industrial leader of this 
section of the country. From a small be- 
ginning in Bantam, Connecticut, where 
the concern still maintains that unit of 
its establishment, the Connecticut Elec- 
tric Manufacturing Company now sends 
its products all over the world and has 
offices at a number of strategic points in 
this country. The company also operates 
its own pottery plant at Trenton, New 
Jersey, where it manufactures the porce- 



lain used in the production of its elec- 
trical devices at Bridgeport. 

Alexander H. Trumbull is a son of 
Hugh H. and Mary (Harper) Trumbull. 
His father was born in Ireland. After his 
arrival in America he first took up his 
residence in West Hartford, Connecticut, 
where he bought a tract of land and oper- 
ated a farm on a considerable scale for a 
number of years. He was a communicant 
of the West Hartford Methodist Episco- 
pal Church. He and his wife were the 
parents of seven sons : John H., present 
Governor of Connecticut ; Henry ; Frank ; 
Alexander H., of this review ; James, who 
died in April, 1916; Isaac B., who was 
drowned when the Lusitania was sunk 
while making a trip to England in May, 
1915; and George. All of the surviving 
sons are engaged in manufacturing. 

Alexander H. Trumbull, son of Hugh 
H. and Mary (Harper) Trumbull, was 
born in West Hartford, Connecticut, Oc- 
tober 12, 1878. His father, having re- 
moved with his family from West Hart- 
ford to Plainville, Connecticut, sent the 
son Alexander to the public schools of 
that town. He attended his classes until 
he arrived at the age of fifteen years, when 
he left school and became associated with 
his brothers in the electrical business at 
Hartford. He early demonstrated a re- 
markable capacity for things mechanical, 
particularly with the application of elec- 
tricity. His genius for organization also 
began to be active at the beginning of his 
career. In 1904 he launched out into 
business for himself as an electrical 
contractor at Torrington, Connecticut, 
shortly before absorbing the business in- 
terests of his brothers at Hartford. In 
1906, in association with his brother, Isaac 
B. Trumbull, he organized in the town of 
Bantam, the Connecticut Electric Manu- 
facturing Company, which was destined 



^Z7 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



to become one of the most important con- 
cerns of its kind in this section of the 
United States. In December, 1912, the 
Trumbull brothers, finding it necessary to 
expand their plant under the increasing 
demand for their products, removed from 
Bantam the major part of their establish- 
ment to Bridgeport, where the company 
engaged in a more extensive manufacture 
of its ow^n inventions, which consist prin- 
cipally of switches, sockets, etc., in addi- 
tion to other devices. Under the skilfully 
guiding hand of Alexander H. Trumbull, 
the business has made remarkable strides. 
Upon the organization of the company 
Mr. Trumbull was elected president, and 
still occupies that office. He himself is 
the inventor of a number of wiring de- 
vices in the electrical line which are in 
use throughout the country. The envi- 
able reputation which has come to the 
Connecticut Electric Manufacturing Com- 
pany is due in very large part to the in- 
troduction and manufacture of numerous 
important inventions in the electrical field 
which were perfected and brought out by 
Mr. Trumbull and his late brother, Isaac 
B. Trumbull. 

Mr. Trumbull is a member of the 
Bridgeport Chamber of Commerce, and 
State Chamber of Commerce, also of the 
Manufacturers' Associations, both local 
and national ; the Association of Manu- 
facturers of Electrical Supplies. He is 
affiliated with American Lodge, Free and 
Accepted Masons, of Stratford, and is a 
vestryman and a member of the board of 
finance of Christ Protestant Episcopal 
Church of Stratford, Connecticut. His 
clubs are the Algonquin of Bridgeport, 
the Cupheag of Stratford, and the Strat- 
ford Mill River Country Club, being also 
a member of the board of governors of the 
latter club. 

Mr. Trumbull married, December 6, 



1905, Mary J. Smith, a daughter of An- 
drew and Jane (Kilbourne) Smith of 
Litchfield, both of whom were members 
of old Connecticut families. Mr. and Mrs. 
Trumbull are the parents of two children : 
Marian, born November 27, 1906, a grad- 
uate of the Stratford High School, and 
now (1925) a student at the Wykham- 
Rise School for Girls at Washington, 
Connecticut, and Donald Trumball, born 
June 18, 1910, who is attending the Gun- 
nery School at Washington, Connecticut. 



CURRY, James A., 

Iiaxryer. 

Prominent among the enterprising, en- 
ergetic, and successful lawyers of Hart- 
ford, Connecticut, is James A. Curry, of 
the law firm of Curry & Curry. Mr. Curry 
was born in that city, January 24, 1890, 
son of Thomas and Ann (Flannigan) 
Curry. The former was born in Bally- 
cumber, Queen's County, Ireland, and 
died in November, 1915, aged sixty-four 
years. He was about seventeen years of 
age when he came to America with hi? 
brother, Peter, and located in Hartford. 
There Mr. Curry learned the trade of 
brass moulder at the Colt Patent Fire- 
arms Company, where he remained for 
almost twenty years. He became exceed- 
ingly expert in combining metals to give 
special qualities for special uses. Though 
never trained in the modern technical 
sense, he was naturally possessed of keen 
observation and an analytical mind, and 
these qualities gave him such a command 
of his business that requests came to him 
from all over the country to work out 
metal formulae. He was the one to first 
make a metal to be successfully used in 
the manufacture of link chains. Mr. 
Curry worked out the formula for the 
metal for the first gatling gun manufac- 

138 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tured. When the Colt Company had the 
contract for the making of government 
guns, he mixed the metals. In the late 
" 'eighties," Mr. Curry resigned from the 
position of Superintendent of the Colt 
Brass foundry, a position which he had 
held for many years, and engaged in the 
real estate business on his own account. 
He had always been thrifty, and with 
keen foresight had invested his savings in 
property which greatly enhanced in value, 
and the income from this property was re- 
invested with the same discriminating 
judgment. It was very seldom that Mr. 
Curry sold a piece of property. 

He was a Democrat in politics, and 
served two terms in the Common Council. 
Mr. Curry married Ann Flannigan and of 
their family of ten children, nine grew to 
maturity, i. John, a graduate of Notre 
Dame University. He was a lawyer and 
died in 191 1, unmarried. 2. Ann, wife of 
Joseph G. Woods of New Britain. 3. 
William P., married Ann Golden. He 
was alderman for several terms and is 
now in the real estate and insurance busi- 
ness in Hartford. 4. Margaret, deceased 
wife of Truman D. Cowles of Hartford. 
5. Mary, who lives at home. 6. Thomas 
B., graduate of Notre Dame Law De- 
partment in 1914. He had taken special 
academic work before entering the law 
school, and was admitted to the bar the 
same year he graduated. He is now in 
partnership with his brother, James A., 
who is more particularly the subject of 
this sketch. Thomas Curry married An- 
gela Jane Connor and has a daughter, 
Angela Jane. 7. James A., of extended 
mention below. 8. Edward P., of Hart- 
ford, engaged in the real estate business. 
He married Mary Doyle and is the father 
of two children. 9. Teresa, a graduate of 
St. Mary's College, Indiana, now engaged 
in social service work with the Diocesan 
Bureau of Social Service in Hartford. The 



mother of this family died in August, 191 7. 

James A. Curry attended the grammar 
and high schools of Hartford and St. 
Thomas Seminary. After completing his 
courses at these institutions, he went to 
Colorado where he worked for a year as 
a surveyor in Routt County. At the death 
of his brother, John Curry, he returned to 
the East and the following September 
entered the Law School at Notre Dame 
University from which he was graduated 
in 1914 and admitted to the bar the fol- 
lowing year. At the same time he formed 
his present partnership with his brother, 
Thomas Curry, under the firm name of 
Curry & Curry and they engage in a gen- 
eral practice of their profession. 

Although comparatively a young man, 
Mr. Curry has been very active in public 
affairs and has been a staunch supporter 
of the Democratic party. For two terms 
he served as assistant chairman of the 
County Committee and also served as 
secretary to Mayor Richard Kinsella. 

Mr. Curry married Mary Agnes, daugh- 
ter of Honora Mahoney of Rawlins, Wy- 
oming, and neice of Senator Patrick Sul- 
livan of Caspar, Wyoming. The latter is 
also a Republican National Committee- 
man. Mr. and Mrs. Curry are the parents 
of a daughter, Mary Agnes, and of a son, 
John Patrick Curry. Mrs. Curry holds 
the degree of A. B. and B. M. received 
from St. Mary's College. 

Mr. Curry's fraternal affiliations are 
with the Knights of Columbus ; the Be- 
nevolent and Protective Order of Elks; 
and the Royal Arcanum. With his family 
he attends St. Joseph's Cathedral. 



OTIS, John M., 

Banker. 

There is an erroneous impression that 
New England, with its greatly enlarged 
cities and a vast increase in population. 



139 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



has almost lost the leavening influence of 
its original settlers, but a canvass of that 
part of the country will show an amazing 
number of the descendants of that hardy- 
race, with which is included the "May- 
flower" stock that aids materially in the 
forefront of its enterprise and character- 
izes its citizenship. 

Among the many prominent men in 
Connecticut who hark back to the foun- 
ders of the land in ancestry is John M. 
Otis, president of the Mechanics and 
Farmers' Bank of Bridgeport. Mr. Otis 
has all his adult life been connected with 
that bank and banking interests generally. 
He comes of Revolutionary stock, and is 
a great-great-grandson of Stephen Otis, 
who was one of the minute men of Con- 
cord, Massachusetts, and Lexington, the 
very vital engagements which preceded 
the battle of Bunker Hill — men whose 
deeds even today thrill Americans. Later 
this Revolutionary hero took part in the 
battle of Long Island, where he was cap- 
tured by the British, dying when still held 
by them. John M. Otis' line is traced 
down through Robert, Richard and Mar- 
shall Otis, but its anterior history is very 
interesting. 

The family name of Otis, Otes, Ottys, 
is derived from the old Anglo-Norman 
Christian name Oto, Odo, Oto de Bayley, 
and is on record as early as about 1300. 
Andreas Otes is in the Hundred Rolls of 
County Norfolk, A. D. 1273, and Otes de 
Howorth in the poll-tax of Yorkshire, 
1379. The coat-of-arms of Otis (Ottys) is : 

Arms — Azure, a cross engrailed argent between 
four crosslets fitchee, or. 

Robert Otis, born in England in 1696, 
appears in Lyme, Connecticut, before 
1737. He is said to have served as a 
wagoner in the Revolution, but the mili- 
tary record given is probably that of 



Robert, Jr. "He died at Lyme, 181 1, aged 
one hundred and fifteen years." (See 
Robert, Jr.) Robert, Sr., married, in 1737, 
Margaret Sabin. His diary has for Sun- 
day, November 15, 1741 : "Robert Otis 
and Mary Daton publisht." This entry 
perhaps referred to a second wife. "Rob- 
ert," his son, over sixteen, and his wife, 
are in the census of 1780. A partial list 
of his children born at Lyme : Robert, Jr., 
born 1740; enlisted May i, 1777, in the 
Connecticut Line, Captain Ely's company, 
for three years ; reenlisted in Captain 
Richard Douglass' company, serving from 
January i to May 4, 1781, and he was 
among those drafted from the Fifth Con- 
necticut Regiment to serve under Mar- 
quis de la Fayette in Virgfinia at the end 
of the war, in October, 1781. He married 

Lydia , and had a son, John. He 

and his wife may have been the subjects 
of the diary entry of "Robert" quoted 
above, in 1790. Stephen (2) Otis, son 
of Robert and (Mary Daton?) Otis, bom 
at Lyme, 1738, died at Halifax, Ver- 
mont, in 1831. The lineage book of the 
Daughters of the American Revolution 
says that he served from Lyme for twen- 
ty-nine days in Captain Joseph Jewett's 
company at the Lexington Alarm, begin- 
ning in April, 1775. He was at the battle 
of Long Island, August 27, 1776, but in 
the roll after the battle this was recorded : 
"Sergeant Stephen Ottis missing." He 
married, about 1760, Lucy Chandler. He 
was representative of Halifax, Vermont, 
1812-17. Partial list of children born at 
Lyme : Arannah, served in Colonel Sam- 
uel Canfield's regiment at West Point, 
New York, September, 1781, enlisting 
from East Haddam ; he appeared as 
"Arime" in the roll, and married Eliza- 
beth Adams. His second child was Caro- 
line, born in 1764, died 1834. Robert (3) 
said to be the son of Stephen and Lucy 
140 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(Chandler) Otis. Seth, married Chloe 
Taylor. Stephen, who served from Gro- 
ton and Saybrook. Little is known of 
Robert (3). He is said to have been the 
father of a Richard who remained in 
Lyme. A Richard Otis was born in Lyme 
Jn 1775- He settled in Canaan, New York. 
Richard (4) Otis, said to have been the 

son of Robert and Otis, was born 

at Lyme, but there is no record of his 
death. 

John M. Otis' grandfather was Rich- 
ard Otis, a farmer born in Lyme, Con- 
necticut. He married Nancy Palmer, of 
the Walter Palmer line of Stonington, 
Connecticut. They were the parents of 
Marshall Otis, born in Lyme in 1831, and 
died at the age of seventy-five years. He 
was reared on the farm, attended the dis- 
trict schools, and learned the trade of a 
carpenter in Groton, Connecticut. At the 
age of twenty-two he moved to Newtown, 
Connecticut, and became a member of the 
firm of Otis & Gillette, contractors and 
builders. Their business was successful, 
and they constructed many buildings in 
Newtown and vicinity. Mr. Otis was 
active in church affairs and a strong Con- 
gregationalist. He married Mary J. Gil- 
lette, a descendant of Jonathan Gillette, 
of Windsor. They were the parents of 
two children : John M. and Jennie Otis, 
who married I. H. Camp, of Waterbury, 
Connecticut, and they have one child, 
Marion. 

John M. Otis was born at Newtown, 
Connecticut, October 21, 1855. His early 
education was in the public schools of his 
native town. He entered Yale University 
in 1876, and after three years attendance 
was taken ill and was forced to give up 
his studies. In 1880 he located in Bridge- 
port and entered the employ of the Me- 
chanics and Farmers' Savings Bank. Here 
he continued in various positions until 



1907, when he was made assistant treas- 
urer, which position he ably filled until 
1922, when he was elected president, suc- 
ceeding the late John L. Wessels. For 
twenty-one years Mr. Otis served as 
treasurer of the Bridgeport Hospital, re- 
signing in 1920. He is now (1925) a 
director in that institution. He is a mem- 
ber of the Sons of the American Revolu- 
tion ; of the Park Street Congregational 
Church. October 21, 1886, Mr. Otis mar- 
ried Carrie F. Beers, of Newtown. One 
daughter, Mildred E. Otis, a graduate of 
the Bridgeport High School and Welles- 
ley College, class of 1910. She married 
Dr. Robert C. Lewis, a professor in the 
Colorado State University. They have 
children : Robert, Elizabeth, Marshall, 
John, and Roy. 



RAFTERY, Oliver Henry, D. D., 
Episcopal Clergyman. 

For a period of thirty-three years. Dr. 
Raftery ministered, not only to Trinity 
parish of Portland, but was the friend and 
well-wisher of all the people of the town. 
He was among the first to welcome the 
new resident, ready to perform any kind- 
ness, and always wistful for the well- 
being of old and young. Known to all, 
he was everywhere respected and loved. 
His death at the age of sixty-six years 
was widely regretted and caused a great 
shock to the community. 

Oliver Henry Raftery was born May 
31, 1853, at Achill Island, in Northern 
Ireland, son of Thomas and Catherine 
Raftery. The father was a missionary in 
Northern Ireland, where he spent his ac- 
tive years and died when the son was a 
small boy. Soon after, the latter came 
with relatives to America, and his boy- 
hood was spent in New York City. He 
received some schooling there and, as 



141 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



soon as prepared, became a student at 
Cheshire Academy, Cheshire, Connecti- 
cut, whence he went to Trinity College, 
Hartford, from which he was graduated 
in 1873. Three years later he was gradu- 
ated from Berkeley Divinity School. Mid- 
dletown, and ordained deacon by Bishop 
Williams. In 1877 ^^ was ordained to 
the priesthood and became rector of St. 
Peter's Church, Cheshire, where he con- 
tinued ten years, practicing the same lov- 
able works which made him so beloved in 
Portland. To Trinity Parish, in the latter 
town, he came in 1886, and continued his 
labors in its behalf until a few days be- 
fore his death, May 17, 1919. In 1908 
Trinity College conferred upon him the 
well earned degree of Doctor of Divinity. 
Dr. Raftery was a familiar figure on the 
streets of the town and his visits were not 
confined to the members of his parish, his 
kind words were for everybody and every- 
body was his friend. Dr. Raftery partic- 
ipated in many ways in the work of the 
diocese, and in the promotion of local in- 
terests outside the church. He was a 
member of the Portland school board and 
director of the Buck Library, the public 
library of the town. For twenty years, 
from 1898 to 1918 he was archdeacon of 
Middlesex County. From 1895 to 1907 
he was deputy to the General Convention 
and, at the time of his death, he was one 
of the examining chaplains of the diocese. 
He retained membership in the Psi Up- 
silon college fraternity and was a member 
of Warren Lodge, No. 51, Masonic fra- 
ternity, of Portland. He maintained a 
non-partisan interest in public affairs, 
aiming and hoping to secure the best gov- 
ernment. 

At a service when a tablet in memory 
of Dr. Raftery was unveiled, held in Trin- 
ity Church, Portland, May 8, 1921, the 
sermon was delivered by his classmate, 
predecessor a? rector, and lifelong friend. 



Rev. Frederick W. Harriman, D. D., rec- 
tor emeritus of Grace Church, Windsor. 
These loving words of a confrere were 
based upon the words of St. Paul in II 
Timothy, 2:15: A workman that needeth 
not to be ashamed. 

.... God has use for many kinds and types of 
ministers ; and if a man can find the right field of 
work for which he is adapted, his success will be 
assured and his happiness will be great. 

Among the various descripti.ons of ministers in 
the New Testament I desire to select one that does 
justice to the long and honorable service of him 
whom we commemorate to-day; one that fits accu- 
rately his personal character, attainments and 
activities. More than one might well be applied to 
him. By his long and liberal education he was 
"thoroughly furnished unto all good works" ; and 
the results of his training and devotion justified 
St. Paul's ideal for Timothy, and rendered him "a 
workman that needeth not to be ashamed." I feel 
that it is but moderate praise, amply deserved, to 
characterize Dr. Raftery as "a workman that need- 
eth not to be ashamed." There are men at work 
in all departments of life who cannot be thus 
described with any regard for truth .... and I 
fear that, in every profession and occupation, at 
all times, there are "slackers" who need to be 
ashamed, and to whom in the day of judgment the 
Son of God will certainly not say, "Well done, 
good and faithful servant." 

Dr. Raftery was always a good worker — a very 
diligent and thorough worker. My acquaintance 
with him began in 1869, when he entered Trinity 
College, in the class just after mine. He studied 
hard and lived very quietly. We of his fraternity 
knew him best and esteemed him highly. In 1873 
he graduated second in his class, delivering a 
Latin salutatory oration which was unusually 
bright and original, even witty. I remember that 
about that time he seemed to develop new powers, 
became less silent and more genial. 

In 1886 I laid down my rectorship here in Port- 
land, and was much gratified when Mr. Raftery 

was called to succeed me On the twentieth 

day of March, 1886, he began his second and last 
rectorship, which was to be so fruitful and full of 
honor. The parish has .... been united and 

peaceful May we not say of Dr. Raftery, 

as the psalmist said of Moses : "Lo, he fed them 
with a faithful and true heart, and ruled them pru- 
dently with all his power?" 

It is not always that good workmanship receives 
recognition and human applause. Some faithful, 



142 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



able and laborious ministers never reap much 
earthly reward, or see the fruits of their planting. 
To such the hymn says : 

Men heed thee, love thee, praise thee not ; 
The Master praises : what are men ? 

Your rector had his share of honors such as the 
Church can bestow upon those who achieve 
visible success in the sacred ministry. Trinity 
College gave him the degree of Doctor of Divinity. 
The Church in Middlesex County made him Arch- 
deacon, which office he filled for twenty years — 
five successive terms. The Diocese elected him 
deputy to the General Convention four times. He 
was an examining chaplain, appointed by the bishop 
to test the fitness of candidates for Holy Orders. 
The Episcopal Academy at Cheshire made him a 
trustee. The Church Scholarship Society was glad 
to have him serve as one of its directors in the 

work of granting loans to divinity students 

Doctor Raftery's executive ability found ample 
exercise as Archdeacon of Middlesex, with over- 
sight of its various missions. His learning was 
useful in examining divinity students. His knowl- 
edge of history and his sound judgment came in 
play when taking part in the legislative functions 

of the General Convention I think a Divine 

blessing rests upon a parish and a rector who com- 
plete thirty-three years together in harmony and 
united efforts for the Kingdom of Christ. Happy 
is he who is permitted to round out such a period 
— a third of a century ; happy is he who dies in the 

harness as he did Happy is the parish that 

can look back over thirty-three years of harmony 
under one respected and beloved pastor, during 
which the Church was indeed "edified" or built up 
by mutual activity and conscientious service to 
God and man. And all that time the domestic life 
at the rectory has been a model of mutual affection 
and a sustaining power to the rector himself. 

In 1881 Mr. Raftery married Mary E. 
Clark, daughter of Dr. William N. Clark 
of Augusta, Georgia. She died without 
issue. He married (second), in 1891, 
Adelaide Emery Brainard, of Portland, 
daughter of the late Benjamin F. and 
Amelia Ann (Davis) Brainard of that 
town, descended from Daniel Brainard, 
one of the founders of the town of Had- 
dam, Connecticut, elsewhere mentioned 
at length. One child of this marriage died 



in infancy, and two survive: i. Harold 
Brainard, a graduate of Salisbury School 
and of Trinity College, served in the 
United States navy during the recent 
World War. 2. Elizabeth Brainard Raf- 
tery, a graduate of Westover School in 
Middlebury, Connecticut, and Wellesley 
College. 



SANFORD, Charles G. 

Ancestral History 

The Sanford family of which Mr. San- 
ford is a descendant, date their ancestry 
back to Thomas Sanford, a descendant of 
Thomas de Sanford, a follower of William, 
Duke of Normandy, mentioned on the 
Role of Battle Abbey, October 14, 1076. 
A descendant, Thomas Sanford, came to 
Boston in 1631, settled in Milford, Con- 
necticut, in 1639, died there in 1681, and 
from him the Connecticut Sanfords trace 
their ancestry. Glover Sanford, grand- 
father of Charles G. Sanford, was the 
third son of LiflFe and Huldah Blackman 
Sanford, and was born in that part of the 
town of New Milford now known as 
Bridgewater, March 3, 1797. His father, 
Liffe Sanford, served seven years in the 
Revolutionary War, and was present at 
the execution of Major Andre. He died 
December 3, 1815. After the death of his 
father. Glover Sanford apprenticed him- 
self to his brother, John B., in the adjoin- 
ing town of Brookfield to learn the trade 
of hatter, being then eighteen years of 
age, and in 1820 began business in the 
town of Salisbury. In 1823 he returned 
to his native town where for a period of 
forty-seven years was engaged in the 
manufacture of hats, having associated 
with him his four sons, Charles H., Homer 
B., Frederick S., and Edwin G., which 
composed the well known firm of Glover 
Sanford and Sons. In 1870, for want of 

143 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



better facilities, the firm removed to 
Bridgeport, and in this business Glover 
Sanford continued until his death. 

In the affairs of his town he always 
took a lively interest ; in politics, a staunch 
Democrat, twice a representative to the 
State Legislature. He was the first post- 
master of his town, his first commission 
being issued during the administration of 
President Jackson. He was one of the 
original incorporators of the Bank of 
Litchfield, Connecticut, and a director 
until a few weeks of his death. He was 
one of the incorporators of the town of 
Bridgewater, in 1856, and one of the first 
selectmen. He was self-reliant, perse- 
vering, of keen business foresight, a pub- 
lic-spirited, honorable and upright man, 
and always ready to lend a helping hand 
to others. His habits kept him from the 
infirmities of age, and he died May 30, 
1878, aged eighty-one years. February, 
.1821, he married Betsey Lake, daughter of 
Benjamin and Mabel Lake, of Brookfield. 



ROGERS, John WilUam, 

Faithfnl Official. 

For more than forty years a resident of 
Middletown, Mr. Rogers has established 
a reputation as a sound business man and 
has, naturally, been called upon to handle 
public affairs. In this he has maintained 
the same standard as that governing his 
own concerns, and the confidence of his 
fellows has been justified and enhanced. 
He is a descendant of some of the oldest 
and influential families of New England, 
partaking, thus, of those qualities making 
for success and leadership. The name of 
Rogers may have been of French origin 
derived from Roger I of Sicily and Ca- 
labria, born about 1031 in Normandy, 
France. Some say it is derived from the 
Prankish word Hruod, Hrother in North 



German, Ruhm in modern German, mean- 
ing fame or glory. Another meaning as- 
cribed to it is "one whose word is reli- 
able." It is among the most ancient 
names in both England and America, as 
well as most numerously found. No less 
than eleven by the name of John Rogers 
were among the seventeenth century im- 
migrants in this country. Among these 
may be mentioned the president of Har- 
vard College in 1683. None of the immi- 
grants of the name have been able to 
establish descent from the martyr, John 
Rogers, who was burned at Smithfield, 
England, in 1555, though several families 
have traditions to that effect. Probably, 
the earliest American Rogers was Thomas 
who came over in the "Mayflower" ac- 
companied by his son Joseph, and died in 
1621. 

Robert Rogers was in Newbury, Mas- 
sachusetts, in 1651, with his wife Susanna, 
and died December 23, 1663. Their sec- 
ond son, Thomas Rogers, was born July 
9, 1652, in Newbury, where he resided, 
and died October 15, 1735, in his eighty- 
fourth year. He married. May 18, 1677, 
Ruth Brown, who was born May 26, 1662, 
daughter of Isaac and Rebecca (Bailey) 
Brown of Newbury. Thomas Rogers, Jr., 
eldest child of Thomas and Rebecca, born 
August 15, 1678, lived in Newbury and 
there married, August 18, 1702, Hannah 
Long, born April 6, 1684, daughter of 
Abiel and Hannah (Hill) Long of that 
town. Robert Long was a freeman of 
Newbury in 1645, was a deacon of the 
church there, and died of smallpox De- 
cember 27, 1690. He married, in 1647, 
Alice Stevens, who died three weeks after 
him. Their eldest son, Abiel Long, was 
born February 19, 1650, and married, Oc- 
tober 27, 1682, Hannah Hill. They were 
the parents of Hannah Long, wife of 
Thomas Rogers, Jr. 
144 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Amos Rogers, son of Thomas, Jr., and 
Hannah, was born October 30, 1724, and 
died in 1809. He married, November 22, 
1748, Abigail Brown, born April 17, 1724, 
daughter of Stephen and Sarah (Morse) 
Brown. Stephen Brown, born July i, 
1702, in Newbury, son of John and Mary, 
married, February 26, 1722, Sarah Morse, 
who was born October i, 1706, daughter 
of William and Sarah (Merrill) Morse. 
The name of Morse is inseparably con- 
nected with the invention of the electric 
telegraph and is otherwise distinguished 
in relation to science, literature and all in- 
fluences that make for the betterment of 
the condition of mankind. Its bearers 
have been noted for their maintenance of 
the standards set by their Puritan fathers. 
Anthony Morse of Newbury, Massachu- 
setts, came from Marlboro, Wiltshire, 
England, and settled in Newbury in 1635, 
with his brother William, both registering 
as shoemakers. They sailed from Lon- 
don, England, in the ship "James," April 
5, 1635. Anthony Morse built a house 
in what is called "Newbury Old Town," 
about one-half mile south of the old ceme- 
tery, on a slight eminence in a field which 
is still called "Morse's Field." Traces of 
the house a few rods from the road are 
still visible. His will is on file in Salem. 
He died October 12, 1686, in Newbury. 
His first wife, Mary, is supposed to have 
been the mother of his children. The fifth 
son. Deacon Benjamin Morse, was born 
March 28, 1640, in Newbury, where he 
resided and was deacon of the church, 
was made a freeman in 1673, subscribed 
to the oath of fidelity and allegiance in 
1668 and 1678, and was still living No- 
vember 22, 1707. He married August 26, 
1667, Ruth Sawyer, who was born Sep- 
tember 16, 1648, daughter of William and 
Ruth (Binford) Sawyer. She was a mem- 
ber of the Newbury Church in 1674. 
Conn. 11 — 10 



Deacon William Morse, third son of Ben- 
jamin and Ruth, was born January 23, 
1674, in Newbury, where he made his 
home and died May 20, 1749. He mar- 
ried. May 12, 1696, Sarah Merrill, who 
was born October 15, 1677, in Newbury, 
daughter of Daniel and Sarah (Clough) 
Merrill, granddaughter of Nathaniel Mer- 
rill, born in 1610. in England, and one of 
the first settlers of Newbury, in 1635. 
His wife was Susannah Wellerton, whose 
name is also written in early records as 
Wilterton and Williston. Sarah Morse, 
second daughter of William and Sarah, 
became the wife of Stephen Brown and 
the mother of Abigail Brown, wife of 
Amos Rogers. 

Amos Rogers, eldest child of Amos and 
Abigail (Brown) Rogers, was born No- 
vember 3, 1749, in Newbury, where he 
lived and married, December 28, 1769, 
Mary Davis, who was born July 31, 1750, 
daughter of Benjamin and Ruth (Brown) 
Davis. 

Joshua Rogers, son of Amos, Jr., and 
Mary (Davis) Rogers, was born July 21, 
1777, in Newbury, and lived in the ad- 
joining town of Hampstead, New Hamp- 
shire. He married Nabby Currier, born 
January 16, 1783, in Haverhill, Massachu- 
setts, daughter of Reuben and Lydia (At- 
wood) Currier. Their son, Ezekiel Cur- 
rier Rogers, was born June 28, 1800, in 
Hampstead, and lived in Concord and 
other towns in that State. He married 
Lavina Leavitt, and they were the parents 
of George Leavitt Rogers, who was born 
December 8, 1836, in Concord. The last 
named engaged in the trucking business 
in Plymouth, New Hampshire, whence 
he removed to Middletown. Connecticut, 
in 1880. Here he built up a handsome 
business in storage and trucking, which he 
continued until a short time before his 
death, which occurred in 1912, in Ash- 
US 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



land, New Hampshire, near Plymouth, in 
his seventy-sixth year. He married Han- 
nah Lambert, daughter of Joseph and 
Margery (Clark) Lambert, who survives 
him. 

John W. Rogers, son of George L. and 
Hannah, was born April 21, 1877, in Ply- 
mouth, New Hampshire, and was a small 
boy when his parents removed to Middle- 
town, where his whole business career has 
been developed. Until thirteen years old 
he was a diligent student in the city 
schools, and has since given close atten- 
tion to the business established by his 
father, of which he took charge more and 
more as advancing age compelled the lat- 
ter to relinquish its cares. With ready 
business tact, he has made friends and his 
business has grown and flourished. He 
gives employment to fourteen men and 
several motor vehicles, and his monster 
vans are much in evidence about the 
streets of the city and surrounding towns. 
His present handsome residence on South 
Main Street was purchased in 1920, and 
is the abode of hospitality and good cheer. 
Mr. Rogers has always taken a lively 
interest in the progress and prosperity of 
Middletown, and has been called upon 
by his fellows to take part in the manage- 
ment of its affairs. His political affilia- 
tions are with the Republican party, and 
he has been chosen to fill various offices, 
including those of councilman, alderman 
and representative of the town in the 
State Legislature. In the election of Jan- 
uary, 1924, he was elected mayor of the 
city by a handsome majority, and was im- 
mediately installed in office by his pred- 
ecessor. In all matters given into his 
charge, whether public or private, Mr. 
Rogers has sought to pursue the straight 
and just course, and the trust reposed in 
him by the public has never been be- 
trayed. He is a regular attendant of the 



Baptist Church, and is affiliated with sev- 
eral of the fraternal and benevolent or- 
ganizations of the city, including St. 
John's Lodge, No. 2, Free and Accepted 
Masons ; Washington Chapter, No. 6, 
Royal Arch Masons ; and Cyrene Com- 
mandery. No. 8, Knights Templar. He 
is also a member of Apollo Lodge, No. 33, 
Knights of Pythias ; Middletown Lodge, 
No. 771, Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks ; and Arawanna Tribe, No. 17, Im- 
proved Order of Red Men. 

Mr. Rogers was married to Emma E. 
Eastwood, who was born September 29, 
1875, i" Middletown, daughter of John T. 
and Mary S. (Taylor) Eastwood, the for- 
mer a native of England, and the latter of 
Greenwich, New York. John T. East- 
wood was born, 1830, in England, son of 
Benjamin and Hannah Eastwood, and 
was a house painter. He died July 11, 
1883, in Middletown, as the result of a 
fall. Mr. and Mrs. Rogers are the parents 
of two sons and a daughter, namely: i. 
George Eastwood, born February 10, 
1897. 2. Theodore Eastwood, January 28, 
1901. 3. Ruby Taylor, October 11, 1906. 
Theodore E. married Dora Grillam and 
has a daughter, Jean, born 1925. 



DICKERMAN, William Elihu, 
Mannfacturer, Iiegislator. 

Born of a fine old New England family, 
whose generations since early Puritan 
days aided in the economic, agricultural 
and political development of Connecticut, 
William Elihu Dickerman made for him- 
self an enviable place in his native com- 
munity. 

He was the ninth in the line of Dicker- 
mans descending from the original Thom- 
as Dickerman who settled in Dorchester 
Massachusetts, about 1635 and whose son, 
Abraham, came to New Haven about 



146 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1658. Abraham married Mary Cooper, 
daughter of John Cooper, one of the orig- 
inal grantees of the town of New Haven, 
and from this union sprang a host of de- 
scendants including in their numbers men 
of such prominence as members of Con- 
gress, ministers, magistrates, writers, 
Wall Street financiers, railroad and in- 
dustrial corporation officials, State Legis- 
lators, etc. Abraham's youngest son. Cap- 
tain Isaac Dickerman, was a deputy to the 
Connecticut General Assembly for fifty- 
nine terms, outstripping the longest rec- 
ord of any other deputy by twenty-six 
terms. He was also one of the committee 
to arrange for the transfer of Yale Col- 
lege from Saybrook to New Haven in 
1716 and made a gift of two acres of land 
to assist the college in getting established 
in New Haven. 

Isaac had considerable property near 
Mt. Carmel about seven miles north of the 
New Haven green opposite which he lived 
and about 1735 his second son, Jonathan, 
went out there to improve the lands and 
establish a home. In those historic years 
just before, during and right after the 
Revolution, Lieutenant Jonathan Dicker- 
man played an important part, being at 
various times surveyor, lister, assessor, 
tj^hingman, selectman, grandjuryman, in- 
spector, member of the committee which 
voted New Haven's approval of the as- 
sociation entered into by the Continental 
Congress at Philadelphia, and one of the 
eight members of the Special Committee 
on Admitting to Inhabitancy, whose re- 
port constitutes one of the town's most 
important documents. 

Among Jonathan's children who were 
in the Revolution was Enos, his oldest 
child, who was taken prisoner by the 
British and died in New York in 1776. 
Following in the direct line came Enos, 
son of Enos, a farmer, and Elihu, son of 



Enos, a large land owner, civil engineer 
assisting on the Farmington Canal, Dea- 
con of the Mt. Carmel Congregational 
Church for twenty-five years, and a jus- 
tice of the peace. He moved to North 
Haven on the Ridge Road in 1848 al- 
though his son, Elihu Justus, was born in 
Mt. Carmel. Elihu Dickerson was born 
May 14, 1802, and married Sylvia Hum- 
iston, who was born February 3, 1805. 
His son, Elihu Justus, was born Septem- 
ber 6, 1828, taught school in his youth 
and later farmed. He married Grace An- 
geline Blakeslee, born March 8, 1831, who 
died April 18, 1889, seventeen years after 
the death of her husband on September 
12, 1872. 

The maternal grandparents of William 
Elihu Dickerman, subject of this bio- 
graphical record, were Zophar Blakeslee, 
born March 8, 1803, died February 15, 
1875, and his wife Sarah Brockett Blake- 
slee, born in 1808, died August 11, 1876. 
Zophar Blakeslee was the son of Zophar 
and Sybil Brockett Blakeslee, Zophar be- 
ing a wagon and carriage builder and 
blacksmith in the days when horse power 
ran machinery. On both sides the family 
was Congregationalist in religious faith. 
The children of Zophar and Sarah Brock- 
ett Blakeslee were : Zerah Thomas 
Blakeslee, a farmer; Hermenea ; Grace 
Angeline ; Henry E. ; and Charles Edgar. 

William Elihu Dickerman, son of Elihu 
Justus and Grace Angeline (Blakeslee) 
Dickerman, was born in North Haven 
November 3, 1861, in the house on the 
Ridge Road where his brother and sister 
still live. His brothers and sisters were : 
Sarah Elizabeth, born May 8, 1858 ; Ro- 
bert Ellsworth, born September 27, 1863 ; 
Grace Emma, born April 18, 1867, died 
March 13, 1895 ; Julia Maria, born April 
22, 1872, died November 2, 1872. 

His early childhood was spent on the 

147 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



farm and his first schooling obtained at 
the country district school, later attend- 
ing Mrs. Henry G. Dickerman's private 
school in Mt. Carmel. His eagerness for 
knowledge took him to high school in 
New Haven where his aptitude for learn- 
ing and rapid grasp of subjects enabled 
him to gain this education while going 
back and forth from his home in the 
country and helping on the farm. On 
account of the early death of his father 
he was obliged to give up his studies and 
go to work. For a short time he taught 
school. He also worked in the country 
store of Joseph Pierpont in North Haven 
village for a while. 

About November, 1882, Mr. Dickerman 
became established with the firm of 
Morgan & Humiston in New Haven, 
dealers in sash, doors and blinds. He 
first started as a bookkeeper but rapidly 
assumed more responsibility and in April, 
1885, the business was incorporated with 
Fred'k J. Morgan as president, Wm. E. 
Dickerman, secretary and treasurer, and 
Oswin W. Humiston, superintendent, each 
owning one-third of the stock. Mr. 
Humiston resigned after a year or two 
and Mr. David F. Wiser came in as secre- 
tary shortly afterward, the company how- 
ever retaining the same name it was in- 
corporated under which it carries to this 
day. This business was established in 
1870 as Bowman & Company and changed 
hands a number of times but never grew 
very rapidly until Mr. Dickerman became 
associated with it. Then however, through 
his hard work, likeable personality and 
square dealing, it increased so fast that 
in less than ten years they were doing 
most of the business in town in their line. 
It was then located at Nos. 142-144 State 
Street but needing larger quarters, in 1900 
they erected their own spacious building 
at Nos. 30-42 Prout Street, where it has 
been ever since. 



Although most of the time from eight 
o'clock or earlier in the morning until ten 
o'clock at night was spent at his business 
in New Haven he kept himself in good 
physical condition by arising at six every 
week-day morning and working in the 
garden or about the grounds of his home 
in North Haven. He never retired before 
eleven or twelve o'clock and seemed to 
get along satisfactorily with about six 
hours sleep six days a week, observing the 
Sabbath religiously as a day of rest as 
his forefathers had done for two hundred 
and fifty years. In spite of his close ap- 
plication to his business he found time 
to participate in public affairs in which he 
was always interested. He was well 
known by most of the residents of his 
native town and his kindliness and good 
will made everybody his friend. A test 
of his popularity was made on two dif- 
ferent occasions. The first time was in 
1896 when he decisively defeated the fore- 
most politician of the town for the office 
of chairman of the Republican Town 
Committee, and the second in 1900 when 
he overwhelmed the wealthiest man and 
greatest landholder in the vicinity for the 
nomination of Representative to the State 
Legislature. Practically every living voter 
in the town came out for this caucus, the 
like of which had never before been seen. 
His exceptional ability was recognized in 
the Legislature by his appointment as 
clerk of the important Committee of Fi- 
nance. His insight into the log-rolling 
methods of politics dampened much of 
his ardor for public affairs so that with 
the demands of his continually increasing 
business he gave up active participation 
in politics although he was continually 
consulted regarding town affairs, and 
acted as Registrar of voters during 1903 
and 1904. 

He was a member of Hiram Lodge of 
Masons in New Haven, an active com- 



148 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



municant of the North Haven Congre- 
gational Church, agent of the First Ec- 
clesiastical Society, and chairman of the 
building committee to replace the struc- 
ture which burned in 191 1. He led an 
active, healthy life and came to an un- 
timely end on December 9, 1913, from an 
accidental gunshot wound from which he 
never regained consciousness. 

William E. Dickerman married in the 
Hamden Plains Methodist Church, April 
8, 1884, Lillian Alice Snow, born at Ham- 
den, November 25, 1862, who survives her 
husband. Mrs. Dickerman was the daugh- 
ter of Albert R. Snow, a mason and con- 
tractor, a descendant of the Adams family 
of Suffield, Connecticut, and his wife, 
Hulda (Warner) Snow, whose grand- 
father, Samuel Warner, was a soldier in 
the Revolution. 

For a year or two after their mar- 
riage Mr. and Mrs. Dickerman lived in 
what is known as the center of North 
Haven near the green and here their 
first child. Grace Lillian, was born May 
I, 1886. Towards fall of that year they 
moved to New Haven, residing on Orange 
Street, near Canner Street, not far from 
East Rock. Their second child, Elihu 
Elias, was born here November 18, 1887. 
Early in the year 1888 they moved back 
again to the old home town of North 
Haven, purchasing the Fowler place be- 
side the Quinnipiack River, where the 
family has lived ever since. The old house 
was torn down and a new one built in 
1900 so that with the improvements that 
have been made in the grounds this home- 
stead of fourteen acres is regarded as the 
most beautiful in town. 

There were but two children, Grace 
Lillian, who after completing the high 
school course in Meriden attended St. 
Lawrence University at Canton, New 
York, and Elihu Elias, who attended 



Boardman Manual Training High School 
and New Haven High School, graduated 
from Sheffield Scientific School of Yale 
University in 1909, was in the insurance 
business for four years, and, upon the 
death of his father, assumed the manage- 
ment of The Morgan & Humiston Com- 
pany, of which he is now president. 

A kindly man, modest, unassuming, but 
full of good works, Mr. Dickerman was 
known and loved throughout the town. 
His party knew it could count on his 
support for worthwhile legislation ; his 
church could call on him in time of need 
and be sure of generous aid. His friends 
and the poor knew of his constant readi- 
ness to help, and to his family he was the 
wise guide, the ambitious provider, and 
the faithful friend. 



EDGERTON, Francis Daniels, 
Pbysician and Surgeon. 

Among the most successful and highly 
honored physicians of Middlesex County, 
the late Dr. Edgerton enjoyed a high rep- 
utation as a citizen as well as a healer, 
and was held in confidence and esteem by 
all his contemporaries, professional or 
non-professional. He was descended from 
a very old Connecticut family, which was 
founded by Richard Edgerton of Nor- 
wich, where he was one of the founders. 
He came from England and was located 
first in Massachusetts, whence he re- 
moved to Norwich among the early set- 
tlers. He married, April 7, 1653, Mary 
Sylvester, and their eldest son, John Ed- 
gerton, was born June 12, 1662, in Nor- 
wich, and died there in May, 1692, near 
the close of his thirtieth year. He mar- 
ried March 20, 1690, Mary Renalls (Rey- 
nolds) born April, 1664, daughter of John 
Renalls of Norwich. She manied (sec- 
ond), December 30, 1697, Samuel Loth- 



149 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



rop. John Edgerton, only child of John 
and Mary was born February 26, 1691, 
and married, December 28, 1714, Ruth 
Adgate, who was born March 27, 1693, in 
Norwich, eldest child of Thomas and 
Ruth (Brewster) Adgate. Ruth Brewster 
was born September 16, 1671, third daugh- 
ter of Benjamin and Anne (Dart) Brew- 
ster. Benjamin Brewster, born January 
17, 1633, died September 14, 1710, in Nor- 
wich. Ann (Dart) Brewster died May 
9, 1709. Benjamin Brewster, son of Jon- 
athan Brewster, was born August 12, 
1593. '" Scrooby, England, and died 1659 
in Connecticut. He married, April 10, 
1624, Lucretia Oldham of Darby, Eng- 
land. John Brewster was the eldest child 
of Elder William Brewster of the famous 
"Mayflower" party, the organizer and 
head of the Plymouth Pilgrims of 1620. 
The name of Brewster appears among the 
oldest families, in the reign of Edward 
III as ranking among the English landed 
gentry. As early as 1375 John Brewster 
lived in the parish of Henstead in Suf- 
folk, England, and in the reign of Richard 
II John Brewster was prebend of God- 
wich, in the county of Norfolk. By mar- 
riage the Norfolk branch was connected 
with several distinguished houses of 
Ivlolkham. Robert Brewster owned lands 
in Henstead and from the Suffolk branch 
lines are established at Castle Heding- 
ham in Essex, where it was connected 
with several knightly families. 

It was supposed that Elder William 
Brewster, probably of this connection, 
was born at Scrooby in Nottinghamshire, 
where he was active in the organization 
of dissenters from the established church. 
In 1607 he was imprisoned at Boston in 
Lincolnshire for his activity against the 
established religious order. With great 
difficulty and expense, his release was se- 
cured and he went to Leyden, whence he 



came with the Pilgrim band to Plymouth, 
Massachusetts. In early life he held a 
responsible position in the service of Wil- 
liam Davidson, one of Queen Elizabeth's 
ambassadors, and afterward a secretary of 
state. From this service he went to 
Scrooby, which is supposed to have been 
his native village and there aided in form- 
ing the company which first settled at 
Plymouth, Massachusetts. His eldest 
son, Johnathan, born at Scrooby, some 
thirteen miles distant from Doncaster in 
Yorkshire, came to Plymouth in 1621 and 
in June, 1636, had command of the Plym- 
outh trading house on the Connecticut 
River. He gave notice to Governor John 
Winthrop of the evil designs of the Pe- 
quots. Later he settled at Duxbury, Mas- 
sachusetts, which he represented in the 
General Court in 1639. Before 1649 he 
was a resident of New London, Connecti- 
cut, where he was selectman in that year 
and where he died before September. His 
wife, Lucretia Oldham, was the mother of 
Benjamin Brewster, born November 17, 
1633, in Duxbury. He settled on his 
father's homestead at Brewster Neck, 
which he acquired by purchase, the farm 
originally in the town of New London, 
now in Ledyard, then a part of the former 
town. He was much in the public serv- 
ice ; long deputy to the General Court, 
lieutenant of the New London troop, later 
captain of the Norwich Military Com- 
pany. He married, February 28, 1660, 
Anne Darte, who was probably the widow 
of Ambrose Darte of Boston. The lat- 
ter's wife was Anne Adis, daughter of 
William Adis of Cape Anne. Ruth, sec- 
ond daughter of Benjamin Brewster, be- 
came the wife of Thomas Adgate and the 
mother of Ruth Adgate, who married 
John Edgerton of Norwich. Her second 
son, Elisha Edgerton, was born February 
28, 1727, in Norwich, and married there, 



150 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



May 9, 1753, Elizabeth Lord, born Au- 
gust 24, 1731, eldest daughter of Cyprian 
and Elizabeth (Backus) Lord. 

Simon Edgerton, eldest child of Elisha 
and Elizabeth, was born December 14, 
1753. '" Norwich, and married there 
February 7, 1792, Lucy Griswold, who 
was born February 26, 1765, second 
daughter of Abel and Ruth (Avery) 
Griswold, descendants of two prominent 
families of the New London section. 
Francis G., third son of Simon and Lucy 
(Griswold) Edgerton was born March 23, 
1797, in Norwich, and died at East Hamp- 
ton, Connecticut, in 1870. He began the 
study of medicine with Dr. Philomen 
Tracy and was later with Dr. William P. 
Eaton, both of Norwich, and after attend- 
ing courses of lectures at New Haven in 
1824 and 1825, received his diploma. The 
death of Dr. Richmond of East Hampton 
left a vacancy and Dr. Edgerton located 
there, where he continued in practice un- 
til the end of his life, becoming one of the 
best known physicians of his section. He 
was a man of commanding presence, 
standing over six feet in height with 
weight in proportion and by his intel- 
lectual force and personal probity gained 
the esteem and confidence of his fellow 
citizens. He was a supporter of the Con- 
gregational Church, one of the most pub- 
lic-spirited of citizens and acted in polit- 
ical movements with the Republican 
Party. He married Marietta Daniels, a 
native of East Hampton. She was a 
woman of much independence and origin- 
ality and after the death of her husband 
she continued to manage the homestead 
farm for a period of thirty years, dying 
there in 1900 at the advanced age of 
eighty-nine years. 

Dr. Francis Daniels Edgerton was born 
August 26, 1838, at East Hampton, the 
only child of Dr. Francis G. and Marietta 

15 



Edgerton, and was reared under intelli- 
gent direction, enjoying superior educa- 
tional privileges of which he made excel- 
lent use. At the age of twelve years he 
entered the celebrated preparatory school 
of Daniel H. Chase in Middletown, was 
subsequently a student at Wilbraham 
Academy and the academy at East Green- 
wich, Rhode Island. In 1857 he entered 
Wesleyan University at Middletown, and 
was graduated four years later from its 
classical course. His early life had been 
passed in the home of a busy physician 
and after completing his college course he 
settled down to a systematic study of 
medicine under his father's instruction. 
Later he attended the regular course of 
lectures at Berkshire Medical College in 
Massachusetts, and in the medical depart- 
ment of the University of Vermont, from 
which institution he received his first di- 
ploma as a doctor of medicine. About this 
time the Civil War engaged his attention 
and he passed an examination and be- 
came assistant surgeon to the 21st Con- 
necticut Volunteer Infantry and was duly 
commissioned. Circumstances over which 
he had no control prevented his entering 
active service and during the winter of 
1863-64 he attended a course of lectures at 
the College of Physicians and Surgeons, 
a branch of Columbia University, from 
which he was graduated in the spring of 
the latter year, receiving a second di- 
ploma. In April of that year he passed a 
competitive examination under the com- 
missioners and continued eighteen months 
in the service of the city of New York in 
Bellevue Hospital and in the hospitals 
on Blackwell's Island. Having completed 
thus a very thorough preparation, Dr. 
Edgerton located in Middletown, July 6, 
1866, succeeding Dr. John Ellis Black, 
who removed to New York City. 

Dr. Edgerton's superior qualifications 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



were soon manifest to the medical profes- 
sion, as well as to a multitude of patients, 
and his practice extended rapidly until 
his time was very closely occupied. In 
fact, it is probable that his death, which 
occurred January 19, 1905, was hastened 
by his very close application to the de- 
mands of his numerous patients. For 
twenty-four years he was located on 
Washington Street and in 1890 purchased 
the house which is now No. loi Broad 
Street, and continued to reside there af- 
terward. His success was the natural 
result of his intelligent application and 
industry. He was never idle and when 
not actively engaged with patients he was 
devoted to study or to some effort for the 
promotion of the public interest. His 
genial disposition and invariable cheerful 
demeanor coupled with his faithful atten- 
tion to his patients, not only gained their 
confidence and love, but was a powerful 
element in aiding their recovery. His 
very courteous and generous treatment of 
his contemporaries made him much 
sought after in consultation and it is prob- 
able that no other practitioner in Mid- 
dlesex County had such an extensive list 
of patients or the ability to make a greater 
number of daily visits. In manner modest 
and quiet, his judgment was ever ready 
and his success was remarkable. In the 
various medical associations of the com- 
munity he was active and useful, serving 
from 1873 to '^'^77 as clerk of the Middle- 
sex County Medical Society and from 
1876 to 1882 as treasurer of the State 
Medical Society, and under his adminis- 
trations both these organizations were 
greatly advanced in a financial way as 
well as in all other departments. 

On the organization of the State In- 
dustrial School for Girls at Middletown, 
Dr. Edgerton was appointed attending 
physician and continued in that service 



until the end of his life. In 1878 he was 
chosen to deliver the annual address be- 
fore the graduating class of Yale Medical 
School. For three years he was a mem- 
ber of the State Pharmacy Commission. 
In 1893 he was elected vice-president of 
the State Medical Society and in the fol- 
lowing year was made its president. Very 
active in the local medical association, 
he was made president of the Middlesex 
County Hospital Society, whose project 
- for the establishment of a hospital in Mid- 
dletown was happily carried to success 
during his lifetime. He was seldom ab- 
sent from the meetings of any of the soci- 
eties with which he was identified, and 
contributed largely to the literature of 
the profession. Among his valuable 
papers, was one read at the centennial 
of the State Society, May 27, 1892, at 
New Haven, in which he discussed his 
successful treatment of a case of diph- 
theritic croup. His services were re- 
peatedly in demand on commissions ap- 
pointed by the Governor, to determine the 
mental soundness of State prisoners. As 
becomes every patriotic citizen, Dr. Ed- 
gerton entertained a lively interest in the 
conduct of public affairs. His first pres- 
idential vote was cast for Abraham Lin- 
coln, and he continued a constant sup- 
porter of Republican principles, though 
never accepting a nomination for any 
civic office. In the midst of his great 
activities Dr. Edgerton found temporary 
recreation in music, and made occasional 
trips to New York or Boston, where he 
was enabled to hear some of the greatest 
performers of his day. This did not 
cause any neglect of patients, because he 
always returned on an early train and 
resumed without break his daily round of 
visits. About every third year he made 
a short summer trip to Europe and in this 
way crossed the ocean many times. In 

52 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



most of these trips he was accompanied 
by some member of his family, and dur- 
ing the later visits he placed his sons 
under favorable surroundings for the com- 
pletion of their professional equipment. 

Like his father, Dr. Edgerton was tall in 
stature and of heavy weight, but was quick 
and light of foot, due largely to his careful 
and correct living. He was a total abstainer 
from the use of stimulants and always 
brought to bear upon cases in his charge a 
pure and strong mind in a healthy body. A" 
contemporary physician once said of him : 
"I never heard him utter one word of de- 
traction or disparagement of a brother 
practitioner." Of easy and agreeable man- 
ners, a pleasing speaker, choice in lan- 
guage and convincing in argument, his 
public addresses were highly appreciated. 

Dr. Francis D. Edgerton was mar- 
ried, November 5, 1868, to Amelia Du- 
pont Cruger, a native of New Orleans, 
daughter of Henry C. and Henrietta 
(Cruger) Cruger, descended from some 
of the oldest and best families in New 
York. She passed away at the family 
home in Middletown, September 21, 1919. 
The children of Dr. and Mrs. Edgerton 
are justifying the promise of such excel- 
lent parentage, and the educational oppor- 
tunities afforded them. The eldest, Henry 
Cruger Edgerton, born May 21, 1870, 
graduated from Wilson's School on High 
Street in Middletown and is now tilling 
the old family homestead in East Hamp- 
ton. Francis C, the second, graduated 
from Trinity College, Hartford, in 1894, 
from the College of Physicians and Sur- 
geons in 1898, and was two years house 
surgeon at Bellevue Hospital in New 
York. He continued his studies under 
tutors in Berlin, Germany, and returning 
to New York began practice there as a 
physician. He was made resident phy- 
sician at the Sloan Maternity Hospital, 



was subsequently elected assistant sur- 
geon of the Cornell University Medical 
Clinic. He is now established on Fifty- 
eighth Street, near Fifth Avenue. He has 
a daughter, Frances Cruger. John War- 
ren Edgerton, third child of Dr. Francis 
D., graduated from Trinity College in 
1894, receiving the degrees of B. A. and 
M. A., subsequently taking the latter de- 
gree from Yale. In that institution, he 
completed three years of post-graduate 
work, was graduated from the Yale Law 
School in the class of 1900 with the degree 
of LL. B. cum laude. At the time of his 
graduation, he was a tutor, and also de- 
livered lectures on legal subjects before 
the New York Bankers' Association. He 
was also engaged to lecture at the West 
Point Military Academy and in attempt- 
ing to fill all these engagements broke 
down his health so that he was obliged 
to give up. He died in July, 1919, at his 
home in New Haven. He married Marion 
Gallaudet of Hartford, youngest child of 
the late Dr. Edward Miner Gallaudet of 
that city. Of the five children of John W. 
Edgerton, two sons and two daughters 
are now living. 



EDGERTON, Henry Cruger, 

Agriculturist, Stock Breeder. 

The eldest child of the late Dr. Francis 
D. Edgerton of Middletown, Mr. Edger- 
ton was born May 21, 1870, in that town, 
where he grew to manhood. After at- 
tending two years at the Middletown 
High School, he was three years a student 
at "The Gunnery," a very high class school 
for boys founded by Dr. Gunn at Wash- 
ington, Connecticut; he entered upon 
a business career, starting as a clerk in 
the office of I. E. Palmer, a large manu- 
facturer of Middletown. Here he gained 
a valuable business experience, and sub- 



153 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



sequently he traveled widely as a sales- 
man in the employ of Mr. Palmer, for a 
period of five years. At the urgent re- 
quest of his father, he settled upon the 
paternal acres in East Hampton, wrhere 
he still resides. For several years he en- 
gaged in breeding Ayrshire cattle, in 
which he was successful, and is still a 
member of the Ayrshire and Brown Swiss 
Cattle associations. Mr. Edgerton is now 
a dealer in thoroughbred saddle horses, 
making a pastime of fitting up and selling 
the best specimens of their kind. He is 
an enthusiastic horseman, and his wife is 
also an equestrienne, usually accompany- 
ing him in rides about the scenic sections 
of Central Connecticut. Mr. Edgerton 
has never attempted to mix in the conduct 
of public affairs, though he is a steadfast 
Republican and endeavors to forward the 
public interests through the instrumen- 
tality of the principles he believes in. The 
Protestant Episcopal Church in East 
Hampton occupies land donated by the 
Edgerton family, and he is a supporter 
of the faith. The bell in the church was a 
gift to the parish from his mother. The 
original family residence on the Edgerton 
farm at East Hampton has been re- 
modeled and beautified by its present oc- 
cupants, and constitutes one of the most 
desirable rural homes in the State. Mr. 
and Mrs. Edgerton divide their time in 
summer between this mansion and their 
handsome summer home at Westbrook, 
and winters find them in California or 
other milder climes. Wherever they may 
go, they are welcomed for their fine and 
genial manners and intelligent person- 
ality. 

Mr. Edgerton was married, in 1914, to 
Mrs. Annie E. (Day) Hotchkiss, widow of 
Frank Hotchkiss of Seymour, Connecti- 
cut, and daughter of the late Edmund and 
Annie E. (Melcher) Day of the same place. 



Edmund Day was the original manu- 
facturer of the famous Waterman Ideal 
fountain pen. He was descended from 
Robert Day, born about 1604, who came 
from Ipswich, England, in the ship 
"Elizabeth" to Boston, accompanied by 
his wife Mary, aged twenty-eight. He 
was admitted a freeman at Cambridge 
May 6, 1635, and was one of the original 
settlers of Hartford, Connecticut, where 
he was living as early as 1639. There he 
died in 1648, aged forty-four. His second 
wife, Editha Stebbins, was a sister of 
Deacon Edward Stebbins. She married 
(second) Deacon John Maynard and 
(third) in 1658, Elizur Holyoke of Spring- 
field, where she died October 24, 1688. 
Thomas, son of Robert Day, born about 
1638, resided in Springfield, where he 
died December 27, 171 1. He married, 
October 27, 1659, Sarah Cooper, daughter 
of Lieutenant Thomas Cooper, who was 
born 1617, came to Boston in 1635, settled 
at Springfield in 1641, and was killed by 
Indians when they burned Springfield. 
Sarah, wife of Thomas Day, survived him 
about fifteen years, dying November 21, 
1726. Ebenezer, sixth son of Thomas and 
Sarah Day, was born September 5, 1677, 
in Springfield, lived in West Springfield 
and died there September i, 1763. He 
married April 18, 1700, Mercy Hitchcock, 
and their youngest child, Timothy Day, 
was born September 5, 1720. His home 
was in West Springfield, where he died 
September 29, 1797. He married, Febru- 
ary 6, 1747, Sarah Munn, of Deerfield, 
born November 14, 1724, died October 4, 
1800, sixth daughter of Benjamin and 
Thankful (Nims) Munn, granddaughter 
of John and Abigail (Parsons) Munn, 
great-granddaughter of Benjamin and 
Abigail (Burt) Munn. Benjamin Munn 
was in Hartford, 1639, ^t Springfield, 
1649. His wife was a daughter of Henry 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Burt, ancestor of a large progeny prom- bridge. Theophilus Goodyear, third son 



inent at Springfield and throughout the 
nation. Edmund Day, youngest child of 
Timothy and Sarah Day, born January 
17, 1767, in West Springfield, where he 
made his home and died September 2, 
1831. He married, January 16, 1794, Bede 
Hitchcock, born 1767, third daughter of 
Jacob and Phebe (Ives) Hitchcock, de- 
scended from Matthias Hitchcock, the 
pioneer, through Nathaniel, Nathaniel, 
Caleb, and Jacob. Julius Day, second son 
of Edmund and Bede Day, born May 10, 
1797, in Springfield, and lived there. He 
married, January 15, 1824, Lois Goodyear, 
born August 17, 1794, only daughter of 
Austin and Susanna (Pardee) Goodyear 
of Hampden and West Springfield. The 
Goodyear family, famous in the produc- 
tion of rubber wares, is descended from 
Stephen Goodyear, who was forty-third 
on the list of freemen at New Haven 
in 1638, was a large landowner in 1641, 
and was one of the London merchants 
who fostered the New Haven colony, and 
died in England in 1658. From 1643 to 
1658 he was deputy governor of the col- 
ony. His first wife, Mary, was lost on the 
"phantom ship" which sailed from New 
Haven and was never heard of again. In 
1648 he married Margaret, widow of Cap- 
tain George Lamberton, commander of 
the "phantom ship." Lieutenant John 
Goodyear, son of Stephen and Mary, born 
March 8, 1650, in New Haven, died there 
January 14, 1702. He married, June 26, 
1683, Abigail Gibbard, born August 18, 
1660, daughter of William and Ann 
(Tapp) Gibbard. Their fourth son, The- 
ophilus Goodyear, born 1698 in New 
Haven, died there April 22, 1757. He 
married, December 16, 1725, Esther 
Sperry, born 1703, granddaughter of Rich- 
ard Sperry of New Haven, proprietor of 
"Sperry's Farms" in what is now Wood- 



of Theophilus and Esther, born May 29, 

1731. was a soldier of the Revolution. He 
married Sarah Munson, born March 18, 

1732, died December i, 1775, daughter of 
Joel and Mary (Morris) Munson of New 
Haven. Their third son, Austin Good- 
year, was born April 23, 1759, in Ham- 
den, and married, in April, 1790, Susanna 
Pardee, who was born February 7, 1760. 
Their daughter, Lois Goodyear, became 
the wife of Julius Day, as previously 
related. 

Edmund Day, third son of Julius and 
Lois Day, born December 12, 1831, in 
West Springfield. He married, June 18, 
1863, Annie E. Melcher, daughter of Wil- 
liam and Susan (Brown) Melcher of 
Springfield. Annie E. Day, senior daugh- 
ter of Edmund and Annie E. Day, became 
the wife of Henry C. Edgerton, as above 
stated. 



TERRILL, Moses Weld, 

Manufacturer. 

The grandson and namesake of an ef- 
ficient business man of Middlefield, Con- 
necticut, Mr. Terrill was trained in busi- 
ness methods, and is following in the foot- 
steps of those who went before him, man- 
aging a large business enterprise with 
profit. He is a descendant of an old New 
England family, which has been traced 
back several centuries in England. The 
name is of French origin and was derived 
from a village not far from Paris, where 
Ralf de Tirel had his castle at the begin- 
ning of the eleventh century. He was 
descended from Charlemagne and Alfred 
the Great of England. Sir Walter Tyr- 
rell went with William the Conqueror to 
England in 1066, and was prominent in 
the battle of Hastings in that year. From 
him the English families are descended. 



155 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



The name appears under a great variety 
of spellings in England and America, 
such as Tyrel, Tyrrell, Terrell, Tirrell, 
and others. In the early records of Essex 
County, Massachusetts, it often appears 
as Thurrall, and under this name it went 
thence to the ancient town of Windham, 
Connecticut, where the first of this family 
now known is discovered. In Cromwell's 
time several moved to Ireland, whence 
they soon after came to America. These 
included three brothers, William, James, 
and John. Lewis Terrill, probably a son 
of one of these, born about 1700-1710, set- 
tled in Mansfield, part of the old town of 
Windham, and married (second), May 30, 
1745, Anna Simons. The second son of 
this union, Arad, was born August 23, 
1750, in what is now Coventry, and lived 
several years in Hampden, formerly a 
part of Hampshire County, Massachu- 
setts, whence he moved to Benninglon 
County, Vermont. There he died, leaving 
a numerous family and he has many de- 
scendants in that State. He was a black- 
smith and farmer, industrious and pros- 
perous. In 1790 the census shows he was 
living in Rupert, Bennington County. He 
married Jemima Brace, and they were the 
parents of seven children. The eldest of 
these, Timothy Terrill, was born August 
7, 1770, in Hampden, was a farmer in 
Rupert, a Congregationalist and Whig, 
and died at the age of sixty-two years. 
He married, November 22, 1792, in Ru- 
pert, Martha Leavitt. Their second child 
and eldest son, Moses Terrill, was born 
May 9, 1799, in Rupert, purchased a tract 
of land near the paternal homestead, 
which he cleared and tilled until his death, 
in 1883. He was largely self-educated, 
after attaining his majority, was industri- 
ous and shrewd, acquired a competence, 
and was influential and public-spirited. 
In early life he was a Democrat, later 



joined the Liberty party, and was a Re- 
publican from the organization of that 
party. He represented his town in the 
State Legislature. He married, in Octo- 
ber, 1825, Matilda Weld, born April 14, 
1801, in Cornish, New Hampshire, daugh- 
ter of Moses and Miriam (Harding) Weld, 
who moved to Vermont in 181 1. She was 
a descendant of Joseph Weld, of Welsh 
stock, who came from Suffolk, England, 
to Massachusetts in 1636, when he became 
a freeman. He rendered important serv- 
ice to the colony and received valuable 
estates in Roxbury as a reward and was 
the richest man in the colony at the time 
of his death. He stands third on the 
original roll of the Ancient and Honorable 
Artillery Company, and was chosen en- 
sign at its organization, on the first Mon- 
day of June, 1638. The family is traced 
back to 1352, when William Weld was 
high sheriff of London. In 1637 Joseph 
Weld was representative of Roxbury in 
the general court and several years fol- 
lowing, and was captain of militia. He 
was a son of Edmund Weld of Sudbury, 
Suffolk, England, and died October 7, 
1646. His wife, Elizabeth, died in Octo- 
ber, 1638. John Weld, eldest son of 
Joseph, born October 28, 1623, in Eng- 
land, came to America in 1638, was a free- 
man in 1650, served in King Philip's War 
and died September 20, 1691. He married, 
December 24, 1647, Margaret Bowen, 
daughter of Griffith Bowen, who came 
from Wales and lived in Boston. Lieu- 
tenant Joseph Weld, second son of John 
Weld, born September 15, 1650, died b'^- 
fore 1719, when his widow married a set, 
ond husband. He married, November 27, 
1679, Sarah Faxon of Braintree, daughter 
of Richard and Elizabeth Faxon, grand- 
daughter of Thomas Faxon who became a 
freeman of Braintree in 1657 and died 
October 14, 1675. John Weld, second son 



156 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of Joseph and Sarah (Faxon) Weld, born 
August 19, 1689, married, December 3, 
1812, Elizabeth Child, scion of one of the 
old families of Roxbury. Moses Weld, 
son of John and Elizabeth (Child) Weld, 
born March 27, 1722, moved in old age to 
Cornish, New Hampshire, where he died 
May 10, 1806. He married, December 6, 
1748, Elizabeth Holbrook, born January 
13, 1727, died July 11, 1763. Their second 
son, Moses Weld, born January 15, 1757, 
was a Revolutionary soldier, a noted 
singer and chorister, many years deacon 
of the Baptist Church of Cornish, and 
also long clerk of the town. He died June 
22, 1839, in Morristown, Vermont. He 
married, May 17, 1781, Miriam Harding, 
who died June 26, 1845. Their youngest 
child, Matilda, born April 14, 1801, in 
Cornish, became the wife of Moses Ter- 
rill, as above noted. Moses Weld Terrill, 
eldest child of Moses and Matilda (Weld) 
Terrill, was born October 2, 1826, in Mor- 
ristown, Vermont, and attended the pub- 
lic school of his native town. As he was 
not robust, he was sent to school at the 
academy in Johnson, Vermont, for a year, 
and had two terms of instruction in a 
select school. He began his business ca- 
reer in a general store at Morristown, 
where he continued two years and was 
next employed in a similar establishment 
at Wolcott, Vermont. In partnership with 
W. G. Ferrin he purchased the business, 
which was sold out at the end of a year 
and Mr. Terrill established a general store 
in Morristown, which he conducted suc- 
cessfully twelve years. In 1861 he took 
an interest in the manufacture of a clothes 
wringer invented by Rev. E. Dickerman 
of Morristown and, in the same year, se- 
cured a third partner in the person of 
David Lyman of Middlefield, Connecti- 
cut. The business was established in Mid- 
dlefield, under the name of the Metropoli- 



tan Washing Machine Company, later 
called the Metropolitan Manufacturing 
Company, with Mr. Terrill as president. 
After the death of Mr. Lyman in 1871, 
Mr. Terrill became treasurer, and con- 
tinued in both capacities until 1891, when 
the concern became merged in the Ameri- 
can Wringer Company, when he retired 
from active business. In October of the 
same year he became a large stockholder 
in the Rogers Manufacturing Company 
of Rockfall and was elected its president, 
but did not take an active part in the man- 
agement. In 1892 he moved from Middle- 
field to Middletown, where he died Sep- 
tember 7, 1905. Mr. Terrill always strove 
to perform his duty as a citizen and was 
active in many progressive movements. 
His first presidential vote was cast for the 
Free Soil candidate and he was an earnest 
supporter of Republican principles. In 
1855-56 he represented Morristown in the 
Vermont Legislature, and served in the 
Connecticut Assembly in i860, 1867 and 
1883. In Middlefield he acted as first 
selectman, assessor, justice of the peace, 
school visitor and member of the board of 
relief. An active member of the Methodist 
Church, he contributed generously to the 
building fund in Middlefield, and was a 
valued member of the church in Middle- 
town. Mr. Terrill married, at Morris- 
town, July 17, 1848, Almira Ortensia Fer- 
rin, born June 24, 1826, daughter of John 
and Hannah (Jacobs) Ferrin, the former 
a member of the Vermont Legislature. 
She died March 6, 1896, in Middletown. 

Willis Edward Terrill, second son of 
Moses Weld and Almira O. (Ferrin) Ter- 
rill, was a very active and useful citizen of 
Middletown and Middlefield. He was 
born June 16, 1851, in Morristown, and 
was eleven years old when he went with 
his parents to Middlefield. *With good 
educational opportunities, he became 

57 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



shipping and stock clerk of the Metro- 
politan Manufacturing Company in Mid- 
dlefield in 1871, and continued three years. 
For eight years following he operated a 
general store in Middlefield, and after- 
ward conducted a mercantile business at 
Eustis, Florida, eight years, serving as 
alderman of the city. In 1891 he became 
a stockholder in the Rogers Manufactur- 
ing Company and was made secretary, 
treasurer and manager, continuing until 
the death of his father in 1895, when he 
became president and continued to act as 
treasurer until his death, January 17, 1919. 
He was a director of the Middlesex 
County National Bank, of the Farmers' 
and Mechanics' Savings Bank and a mem- 
ber of the First Ecclesiastic Society, all of 
Middletown, in which city he lived from 
1892. 

Frederick Weld Terrill, third son of 
Moses Weld and Almira O. (Ferrin) Ter- 
rill, born April 30, 1853, in Morristown 
and went with the family to Middlefield 
when eight years old. He attended the 
public schools and Wilbraham Academy 
and assisted in the tillage of his father's 
farm three years. For some ten years he 
was employed by the American Wringer 
Company, and was with the Rogers 
Manufacturing Company, of which he is 
still a stockholder, until 1916, when he re- 
tired from active labor on account of the 
condition of his health. He is a trustee 
of the Middlefield Methodist Church, a 
Republican in politics, and represented 
the town in the General Assembly, also 
in the Constitutional Convention of 1892. 
He married, in November, 1872, Mary Ida 
Louise Skinner of Middlefield, born 
March 8, 1853, died March 19, 1903, daugh- 
ter of Albert and Almira (Bailey) Skin- 
ner. All the children of this marriage 
are a credit to their parents. They were : 
I. Ivy L., wife of Selden Johnson of Hart- 



ford, now deceased. 2. Moses, of further 
mention. 3. Lily M., residing with her 
father. 4. Whitman Earl, foreman of the 
Collins Company, Collinsville, Connecti- 
cut. 5. Almira A., wife of Harrison 
Beamer of Hartford. 6. Paul F., adver- 
tising manager of the Houghton & But- 
ton Company of Boston. 7. Marie Ward, 
widow of Harold Cummings, now resid- 
ing with her father. 

Moses Weld Terrill, eldest son of Fred- 
erick Weld Terrill, was born February 18, 
1875, in Middlefield, where he attended 
the public schools and was later a student 
at Wilbraham Academy and Hacketts- 
town Institute, New Jersey. On attain- 
ing his majority he entered the employ of 
the Rogers Manufacturing Company, 
where he proceeded to learn the details 
of the business, under the tutelage of his 
uncle, Willis E. Terrill. After eight years 
in the shop, he became shipping clerk and, 
later, did clerical work in the office. In 
time he became the superintendent and 
in 1919 became treasurer and manager 
of the establishment. Previous to 1915 
the establishment was devoted to the 
manufacture of bone goods and fertilizer. 
In the year named the fertilizer business 
was sold to the Rogers & Hubbard Com- 
pany and at the same time the latter's 
bone novelty business was transferred to 
the Rogers Manufacturing Company, 
which it continues. His home is in Rock- 
fall, and he attends the worship of the 
Methodist Church in Middlefield. Polit- 
ically he is a steadfast Republican, but is 
essentially a business man, with no in- 
clination to accept proffered public office. 
The record in business, in social affairs of 
his forebears is being continued by Mr. 
Terrill, and he is an esteemed citizen and 
straightforward business man. He has 
attained high degrees in the great Ma- 
sonic organization, is a member of St. 



158 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



John's Lodge, No. 2, Free and Accepted 
Masons ; Washington Chapter, No. 6, 
Royal Arch Masons ; Cyrene Command- 
ery, No. 8, Knights Templar; and Sphinx 
Temple, Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of 
the Mystic Shrine, of Hartford. He is 
also affiliated with Apollo Lodge, No. 33, 
Knights of Pythias. 

Mr. Terrill married, April 19, 1900, Lil- 
lian Eva Johnson, born in Versailles, Con- 
necticut, daughter of Theodore and Rose 
(Wilson) Johnson. 



COUGHLIN, William Joseph, 
Attorney. 

Among the leading Hibernian families 
of Middletown is that of Coughlin, which 
has been actively identified with business 
affairs for over half a century. John 
Coughlin came from County Cork, Ire- 
land, before 1850, and settled in Portland, 
Connecticut, where his son, William John 
Coughlin was born August 19, 1850. He 
grew up in that town attending the pub- 
lic schools until he was ten years of age, 
when he became an apprentice to the tin- 
ner's trade. After mastering this busi- 
ness, he was employed in the capacity of 
tinner for some years by the Providence 
and Fishkill Railroad, and in 1871 en- 
gaged in business in Middletown with a 
partner, dealing in stoves and tinware 
and conducting operations as a plumber. 
After two years he continued in business 
independently, and about 1888 embarked 
in the undertaking business on the site 
still occupied by his sons near the upper 
end of Main Street, Middletown, also con- 
tinuing the tinning and plumbing busi- 
ness until his death, which occurred De- 
cember 27, 1913. He married Harriet 
Elizabeth D'Arcy, who was born in 
County Queens, Ireland, and came to 
America when two years old with her 



father, Michael D'Arcy, who settled in 
Middletown. He was a soldier of the 
Civil War and died from disease con- 
tracted in the army. She is still living in 
Middletown. The family has always been 
identified with St. John's Roman Catholic 
Parish of that city and Mr. Coughlin was 
active in city affairs, serving as water 
commissioner, and at the time of his 
death, was sinking fund commissioner of 
the city of Middletown. His sons have 
been and are still active in business affairs 
in the city. 

The subject of this sketch is the eldest. 
His second child, Elizabeth, a graduate 
of Wesleyan University, and now mar- 
ried to William A. Redden, a practicing 
attorney in Bridgeport, Connecticut. They 
have one child, Miriam. John B. Cough- 
lin, the second son, married, resides in 
Middletown and with his brother Arthur 
M., conducts the business formerly of 
their father. Arthur M. was a student at 
Holy Cross College and is married. Sara 
F. is the wife of Dr. Gerald F. Bransfield 
of Middletown. Robert E., the youngest 
son, served in the great World War in 
the 165th Company, the old 69th of New 
York, was eighteen months in France and 
was slightly wounded while in the serv- 
ice. Henrietta D., the youngest, the wife 
of Louis F. Quirk, who was lieutenant in 
the American Army of Occupation abroad. 

William Joseph Coughlin, born Octo- 
ber 18, 1876, in Middletown, attended the 
parochial school, graduated at the public 
high school, 1894, student at the Holy 
Cross College, Worcester, Massachusetts, 
for two years and graduated from Yale 
University, Department of Law, in the 
class of 1899. He has been engaged in 
the active practice of law in his native 
city since that time and has been active in 
promoting the progress of city affairs. 
During the years from 1905 to 1907 and 

159 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



from 1909 to 1917 he was prosecuting 
attorney of the City Court and from 1917 
he has been clerk of the City Court and 
was appointed June 9, 1919 as assistant 
clerk of the Superior Court. He is a 
member of the Knights of Columbus and 
the Middletown Yacht Club. On August 
31, 1916, he married Eva L. Wallmo, a 
native of Pennsylvania. They have no 
children. 



BLAKESLEE, Robert N., 

state Representative. 

Although a well known business man 
and present State Representative, Robert 
N. Blakeslee made his entrance into pub- 
lic life through the medium of journalism 
and was long connected with "Bridgeport 
Farmer" and "Bridgeport Post." When 
in 1890 he left the counting room of the 
"Farmer" to become treasurer and assist- 
ant general manager of the newly formed 
Post Publishing Company, the "Farmer" 
editorially commented upon the fact that 
he was not required to furnish a bond, a 
splendid tribute to his character. He is 
a descendant of ancient New England an- 
cestors and in his own right has won 
honorable standing among the leading 
men of his city. 

Robert N. Blakeslee, son of Daniel and 
Maria Blakeslee, was born November 9, 
1856, and was educated at Hartford High 
School. He became a bookkeeper in the 
office of the "Bridgeport Post" in 1886, 
that paper then being edited and owned 
by the Hills brothers, George W. and 
Henry M. Later Mr. Blakeslee entered 
the counting room employ of the Bridge- 
port "Farmer," continuing until Septem- 
ber 15, 1891, when he became treasurer 
of the Post Publishing Company, a stock 
company formed to take over the Hills' 
interests and publish the "Post." The 



new company consisted of George W. 
Hills, president; Henry M. Hills, vice- 
president ; Frank W. Bolande, secretary ; 
Robert N. Blakeslee, treasurer ; all men 
of experience in the conduct of a news- 
paper. Mr. Bolande became managing 
editor of the "Post," Mr. Blakeslee, in 
addition to his duties as treasurer, becom- 
ing assistant general manager. The com- 
pany published both the "Evening Post" 
and the "Morning Telegram," therefore 
his office was no sinecure. He was very 
successful in securing new business for 
both papers and by fair treatment won the 
support of the business men of the city. 
As treasurer he ably administered the 
finances of the company and much of its 
success may justly be traced to the wis- 
dom and uprightness of the financial head. 

In 1914 Mr. Blakeslee disposed of his 
interests and has since been engaged in 
other activities, now being head of a pros- 
perous trucking enterprise. He is a Re- 
publican in politics and has ever taken a 
deep interest in public affairs. In 1916 
he was the candidate of his party for 
representative from Bridgeport and at the 
November polls was returned a victor. 
He is serving his second term as an Alder- 
man, representing the Fifth District. 

Mr. Blakeslee married Minnie O. Nich- 
ols, daughter of William B. and Lucy 
Middlebrooks. There are two daughters 
and a son. 



SHERMAN, Freeman Collins, 
Public UtiUty Official. 

In New Haven, where Freeman Collins 
Sherman was for a quarter of a century 
officially connected with the New Haven 
Gas Light Company, an association ended 
by his retirement in 1903, he was known 
not only for efficient and able service in 
a capacity intimately touching the public 
160 




{>i^ £S ivaha.-ris l.Brc^ 



(2^,^y<jy^^iA.-miJ /Q^ 



Vl^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



welfare, but for participation in civic af- 
fairs whose object was the promotion of 
the general good. There in Hartford, and 
in their earlier places of residence, Mrs. 
Sherman, who survived her husband ten 
years, gave of devoted service to her 
church and to all forms of well-doing in a 
spirit of selflessness and kindliness that 
made her beloved of all who knew her. 
Freeman Collins Sherman and Marcia S. 
Sherman walked the path of life in a union 
of love that found its expression in mutual 
helpfulness and in sharing whatever of 
substance came to them with others, and 
when death removed the strong arm upon 
which she had leaned and that had at 
times been extended to her for aid, Mrs. 
Sherman continued her way alone, in- 
creasing, if that were possible, the out- 
pouring of sympathy and cheer that had 
long been her gift to all about her. 

The Sherman family is of old New 
England record and Cape Cod residence, 
and of the generation to which Freeman 
Collins Sherman belonged there were two 
or three sons who followed the sea, and 
another who journeyed West, where he 
followed ranch life. Freeman Collins 
Sherman was born in Ware, Massachu- 
setts, March 20, 1833, in the old Moss 
parsonage. He attended school in his 
birthplace and for one year pursued a 
course in Boston University, as a young 
man becoming interested in gas lighting 
in Ware. For one year thereafter he was 
connected with the same line in Newport, 
Rhode Island, and subsequently, for 
eleven years, in Brookline, Massachusetts, 
then pursuing the same business in 
Worcester, Massachusetts. From Worces- 
ter he came to the New Haven Gas Light 
Company and began twenty-five years of 
service that brought him to the office of 
superintendent, which he held until his re- 
Conn. 11—11 161 



tirement April i, 1903. Mr. Sherman was 
extremely well versed in all technical mat- 
ters dealing with gas supply as a public 
utility, and was regarded by his associates 
in this field as an expert authority. He 
was one of the charter members of the 
New England Association of Gas Engi- 
neers, and a member of the Society of Gas 
Lighting of New York, his ingenuity and 
resourcefulness being responsible for 
many forward steps in the New Haven 
system. He was a Republican in political 
faith, although never an office holder, and 
was a member of the Congregational 
Church of the Redeemer, which he joined 
by letter, in 1875, also belonging to the 
New Haven Congregational Church Club. 
He met all of the demands of good citi- 
zenship with a ready cooperation in 
effort for the common good, and by his 
fellows in business, social and fraternal 
life was held in unvarying regard. He 
affiliated with Athelston Lodge, Free and 
Accepted Masons, of Worcester, Massa- 
chusetts. 

Mr. Sherman married, in Greenwich, 
Massachusetts, on Thanksgiving Day, 
1857, Marcia S. Douglass, born March 17, 
1836, died in Hartford, December 5, 1921, 
daughter of Jeremiah and Eucla (New- 
ton) Douglass, her father a farmer of 
Greenwich, Massachusetts, her mother 
born in Paxton, that State. After the 
death of her husband, which occurred in 
New Haven, December 18, 191 1, Mrs. 
Sherman came to Hartford, bringing her 
membership to Center Church, and here 
continuing her religious, charitable and 
neighborly work until she sustained the 
injury that resulted in her death. Mr. 
and Mrs. Sherman were the parents of : i. 
Charles Douglass, born in Brookline, 
Massachusetts, June 4, 1867; educated in 
the Polytechnic Institute of Worcester, 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Massachusetts, after which he became 
assistant superintendent of the New- 
Haven Gas Company. He now lives at 
the Highland Court Hotel, Hartford. 2. 
Edward F., born July 10, 1870; educated 
in the Boston Technical School, served 
with the Hackensack (New Jersey) Gas 
Light Company, the East Portland (Ore- 
gon) Gas Company, as superintendent, 
now interested in orange growing in Al- 
hambra, California, where his home is 
one of the beautiful show places of the 
district. He married Mrs. Florinda Lysle. 



STEVENS, Burr Edward, 
Pablisher. 

In the history of the life of Burr E. 
Stevens is found another example of the 
result of industry and pertinacity in the 
pursuit of an aim. He was born January 
20, 1875, in Russell County, Kansas, the 
eldest son of Frederick C. and Harriet A. 
(White) Stevens. The father was born 
in 1846, in London, England, and came to 
America in 1867, settling at Bridgeport, 
Connecticut, where he was employed as a 
carpenter, later as a contractor in the 
Howe sewing machine shops. When the 
Kingman colony was organized to settle 
in Kansas, Mr. Stevens joined it and set- 
tled in Russell County, that State, where 
he engaged in stock growing and agri- 
culture for a period of twenty years. A 
member of the same colony was Harriet 
A. White, born in Norwalk, Connecticut, 
in 1859, daughter of Henry A. and Mary 
E. (Smith) White. She was married to 
Mr. Stevens in March, 1873, ^^^ came 
with him to Bridgeport, this State, and 
died there in 1916, at the age of fifty- 
seven years. Mr. Stevens was employed 
by the Post Publishing Company of 
Bridgeport in its mechanical department 
until his retirement in 1910. He died 



there in 1922, aged seventy-six years. His 
children numbered eight sons and four 
daughters, of whom seven sons and three 
daughters grew up and are now living. 
The eldest of these, Burr E. Stevens, re- 
ceived most of his formal education in 
the frontier schools of Kansas, and early 
turned his attention to industry. At the 
age of eighteen years he became an ap- 
prentice in the office of the Bridgeport 
"Post," to learn the art of printing, and 
his faithful attention to his duties is 
evidenced by his rapid advancement in 
the establishment. At the end of twenty- 
six years' service, when he left to engage 
in business elsewhere, he was vice-pres- 
ident of the Post Publishing Company, in 
charge of the mechanical department of 
the plant. From assistant foreman he 
was advanced to foreman, and from 1916 
to 1919 was vice-president and mechanical 
superintendent. In the last named year 
he went to Middletown, and organized the 
Press Publishing Company, having pur- 
chased the plant and good will of the Mid- 
dletown "Press," in association with 
Elmer S. Hubbell, a former associate in 
business. A certain amount of stock was 
taken by Middletown merchants and 
others, and the history of the newspaper 
under new management is one of pros- 
perity and good will. Mr. Stevens is 
president of the company, Mr. Hubbell 
is secretary. With an able corps of edi- 
tors and mechanical experts, every de- 
partment operates with regularity, and 
the Middletown "Press" is one of the r 
best representatives of its field found in 
the newspaper industry anywhere in the 
country. Outside of this establishment 
Mr. Stevens has investments in Western 
ranching, and all his interests have been 
acquired unaided, except by natural apti- 
tude, by faithful application and a con- 
sideration of the rights of others. He is 



162 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



found every day at his post, giving espe- 
cial attention to the operation of the me- 
chanical department of the "Press" plant. 

Upon settling in Middletown, he pur- 
chased a home on Park Place, and began 
assuming his share in the social, moral 
and material development and progress of 
the town. In fact, the "Press" carries a 
progressive policy, and seeks to develop 
a spirit of enterprise in the community. 
Mr. Stevens is a regular attendant at the 
Church of the Holy Trinity, and is af- 
filiated with the leading fraternal bodies 
of the city, including St. John's Lodge, 
No. 2, Free and Accepted Masons ; Wash- 
ington Chapter, No. 6, Royal Arch 
Masons ; Cyrene Commandery, No. 8, 
Knights Templar ; Columbia Council, No. 
9, Royal and Select Masters ; all of Mid- 
dletown, and Sphinx Temple, Ancient 
Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic 
Shrine, of Hartford. He is a member of 
Job Sahara, a club composed of Shriners, 
of Central Lodge, No. 12, Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows ; Priscilla Rebekah 
Lodge, No. 12, Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows ; and Middletown Lodge, No. 771, 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, 
and of the Middletown Chamber of Com- 
merce, and Rotary Club of Middletown. 
Politically, his principles are those of the 
Republican Party, but he does not en- 
courage partizan preference in the selec- 
tion of local officials. He has dodged any 
political preferment offered him, and has 
used his best endeavors and influence to 
procure faithful and competent managers 
of public concerns. While the "Press" is 
outspokenly independent, it shows no 
partizan favor in approval of justice and 
condemnation of unjust or impractical 
measures in legislation. 

Mr. Stevens was married (first), 1918, 
to Miss Anna M. Held, who was born in 
January, 1873, in New York City, daugh- 



ter of John L. and Christine (Bruner) 
Held, died June, 1924, in Middletown, 
leaving a son and three daughters, 
namely: Ethel Mildred, Anna Marie, Ed- 
ward Burr, and Beatrice Harriet. Mr. 
Stevens married (second), August 18, 
1925, in New York City, Bertha M. 
Schneider, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. 
Ferdinand Schneider, of Waterbury, Con- 
necticut. 



WEEKS, Frank Bentley, 
Sixty-fourth Governor of Connecticut. 

The name of Weeks is one of the oldest 
in New England, and it is very fitting that 
one bearing this ancient name should 
occupy the highest office of the State of 
Connecticut, during his career. There 
were several immigrant ancestors of the 
name, all of whom left large progeny, and 
the name is found in the early records 
under a great many different spellings. 
The ones chiefly used now being Weeks, 
Weekes, and Wicks. In the early gen- 
erations in England it was very often 
spelled Wyke. According to the English 
authorities the Devonshire family of 
Weeks was descended from Robert Le 
Wrey, who was living in 1135, the first 
year of the reign of King Stephen, and 
was undoubtedly of Norman blood. Pre- 
sumably his father came into England 
with William the Conqueror. Late in 
the fourteenth century, this family had a 
seat in North Wyke, in Tawton Hundred, 
some twenty miles west of the city of 
Exeter. 

Thomas Weeks, who came from Eng- 
land in 1637, is the ancestor of Frank B. 
Weeks, on the paternal side, and he also 
traces to several other distinguished fam- 
ilies through his maternal lines. 

Honorable Frank B. Weeks was born 
January 20, 1854, in Brooklyn, New York. 



163 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the son of Daniel L. and Frances M. (Ed- 
wards) Weeks. He attended school there 
and also a military academy. At the lat- 
ter he learned the habits of discipline that 
were ever useful to him in his after life. 
He was but a lad of thirteen years when 
brought by his parents to Middletown, 
Connecticut, and in that city he attended 
the high school. He also attended private 
and military schools. Daniel L. Weeks, 
his father, fully appreciated the need of 
equipping a young man for a business life, 
and he sent his son to the most famous 
commercial college of that day, East- 
man's, at Poughkeepsie, New York, from 
which he graduated in 1872. The young 
man had always taken an interest in good 
literature and was very well read on many 
subjects, so that at the age of eighteen he 
entered upon life with a good business 
education and a large fund of useful 
knowledge. In 1874 he became assistant 
to the superintendent of the Connecticut 
State Hospital for the Insane at Middle- 
town, continuing for six years. Since 
that time he has been a trustee of this in- 
stitution and is chairman of the board. 
In 1880 he became associated with George 
A. Coles in a grain and milling business, 
under the firm name of Coles & Weeks. 
This association continued for fifteen 
years and at the end of that time the pub- 
lic and private obligations of Mr. Weeks 
had become so great that he was obliged 
to give his entire attention to them. 

Mr. Weeks was the Representative 
from Connecticut, appointed by Governor 
Coffin and chairman of the commission to 
the Cotton States Exposition at Atlanta, 
Georgia, in 1895. ^^ served two years as 
a member of the Common Council of 
Middletown, and was the first President 
of its Board of Trade. In 1904 he was a 
Republican presidential elector and four 
years later was elected Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor of Connecticut. There is only one 



other man in the State who was similarly 
placed, and who was called upon to take 
the important office of chief executive at 
so short a notice. Governor Lilley died 
April 21, 1909, but previous to this time 
he had been in ill health and much of the 
responsibility and cares of the office fell 
on the capable shoulders of Lieutenant- 
Governor Weeks. He did not hesitate or 
attempt to shirk, but manfully shouldered 
the burden and the manner in which he 
carried on the duties of his office reflected 
credit, not only on himself, but also upon 
those who were responsible for placing 
him in that office. He was honored by 
Wesleyan University of Middletown, who 
conferred the degree of LL. D. upon him 
in 1909, and he is a trustee of that insti- 
tution. 

Mr. Weeks is a director and president 
of the Middletown Savings Bank, director 
of the Middlesex Mutual Insurance Asso- 
ciation of Middletown, and president of 
the Walter Hubbard Realty Company of 
Meriden. He is a member of the Uni- 
versity Club of Middletown, the Repub- 
lican Club of New York, the New Eng- 
land Society of New York, the Society of 
Colonial Wars, and a charter member of 
the Middlesex County Historical Society. 
In 1912 and 1916 he was a delegate to the 
National Republican conventions. 

He married, November 4, 1874, Helen 
Louise Hubbard, daughter of J. Warren 
Hubbard of Middletown. They are at- 
tendants of the Congregational Church. 

In his business and public career Mr. 
Weeks has achieved much, and has shown 
the characteristics of a true man. 



TUCKER, LeRoy Minor, 
Fanner. 

Among the industrious, progressive and 
successful farmers of the Westfield dis- 
trict, Mr. Tucker represents one of the 



164 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



oldest families of New England, de- 
scended from Robert Tucker, who was 
born in 1604 in England and was in Wey- 
mouth, Massachusetts, as early as 1635. 
In 1662 he removed to Milton, where he 
purchased one-hundred and seventeen 
acres consisting of several parcels and 
was the first town clerk of that town, 
serving in that capacity for several years. 
He represented the town in the general 
court, was active in church affairs and 
died March 11, 1682, at the age of seventy- 
eight years. He married Elizabeth Allen, 
and their third son, Benjamin Tucker, 
born in 1646, in Weymouth, settled at 
Roxbury. He was among the purchasers 
from the Indians of various tracts, had 
land in what is now Woodstock, Con- 
necticut, and in Spencer, Lester and Hard- 
wick, Massachusetts. He died, February 
27, 1714, leaving an estate valued at 
fourteen hundred ninety-one pounds and 
two shillings. He married Ann, daughter 
of Edward and Mary (Eliot) Payson, the 
latter a sister of the Apostle, John Eliot. 
Benjamin Tucker, oldest child of Ben- 
jamin and Ann, born March 8, 1670, in 
Roxbury, inherited lands purchased by 
his father from the Indians, lived in 
Lester, where he died in 1728. He was 
chosen constable in 1710, but refused to 
serve, for which he was fined five pounds. 
He married (second) Elizabeth Williams 
of Roxbury. Their second son, Stephen 
Tucker, born September 23, 1705, in Rox- 
bury, settled in Lester and married. May 
31, 1739, Hannah Parks. Their eldest son, 
Stephen Tucker, was born March 9, 1741, 
in Lester, and was probably a sea-faring 
man in early life. Later he settled in 
what is now North Madison, Connecticut, 
and was married in Killingworth, January 
25, 1767, to Elizabeth Ward. They were 
undoubtedly the parents of James W. 
Tucker, born about 1785, who resided on 



what is known as Town Hill in North 
Madison, where he was a farmer through 
his life. He married, about 1807, Ruth 
Coe, who was born June 3, 1786, in what 
is now Middlefield, Connecticut, descend- 
ant of Robert Coe. His son, Robert Coe, 
was the father of Captain John Coe, born 
May 10, 1658, in Stratford, who was less 
than two years of age when his father 
died. With his step-father and mother, 
he removed to New Haven, where he re- 
mained until he became of age, when he 
took possession of lands inherited from 
his father in Stratford. He married, De- 
cember 20, 1682, Mary, daughter of Joseph 
Hawley, and they were the parents of 
Captain Joseph Coe, born February 2, 
1687, in Stratford, who became a prom- 
inent citizen of that town. He was com- 
missioned Captain of Militia in 1729, and 
died July 15, 1754. He married, Novem- 
ber 21, 1708, in Stratford, Abigail Robin- 
son, born April 3, 1690, in Guilford, 
daughter of David and Abigail (Kirby) 
Robinson, died July 6, 1775. David 
Robinson was one of the early settlers of 
Durham, Connecticut. Their second son 
Captain David Coe, born February 18, 
1716, in Durham, settled, in what is now 
Middlefield about 1740, was a successful 
farmer, was commissioned, in May, 1764, 
captain of the i6th Company in the 6th 
Regiment of Connecticut Militia. Too 
late to participate in the Revolutionary 
War, he was active in promoting the 
cause of the colonies. He married, in 
1740, Hannah Camp, born November 15, 
1720, died October 16, 1808, daughter of 
Nathan and Rhoda (Parsons) Camp. 
Nathan Coe, eldest son of David and Han- 
nah (Camp) Coe, born May 19, 1742, in 
what is now Middlefield, was a farmer 
there until his death, December 10, 1796. 
He married, July 22, 1767, Abigail Par- 
sons, born July 17, 1746. Ruth Coe, 



165 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



youngest child of Nathan and Abigail 
(Parsons) Coe, born in 1786, became the 
wife of James Ward Tucker, as previonsly 
related. Henry Tucker, eldest son of 
James W. and Ruth (Coe) Tucker, was 
born August 20, 181 1, in North Madison 
and was bound out at the age of nine 
years to Deacon Rossiter, with whom he 
lived until eighteen years old. He had 
limited opportunities for attendance at 
the district school, and after leaving 
Deacon Rossiter was employed as a farm- 
hand by Levi Fowler, at Northford, Con- 
necticut. Later he settled in Durham, 
where he was joined by his sisters, Abbie 
and Ruth, who kept house for him, and 
worked as tailoresses at home. He was 
economical and industrious, and with his 
savings purchased a wood lot in the west 
side of Durham, where for two years he 
engaged in cutting wood and burning 
charcoal. With the proceeds of this ven- 
ture he purchased a house and small farm 
on Main Street, Durham, the second north 
of the Congregational Church. Besides 
his own land, he tilled other sections, 
which he rented, and in time built a house 
occupied as the Congregational parson- 
age, in which he lived for a short time. 
Subsequently, he purchased a farm of 
three hundred acres, one-half mile east of 
Durham Main Street, and engaged quite 
extensively in agriculture and stock grow- 
ing. He also operated a saw mill, driven 
by water power. He died February 11, 
1892, and his body was laid to rest in the 
Durham Cemetery. In early life he was 
a Whig, became one of the original sup- 
porters of the Republican party, repre- 
sented the town in i86g, and filled various 
town offices, including that of first Se- 
lectman. Active in the Congregational 
Church, he was a liberal contributor to 
its support, and often entertained the 
clergymen of that sect at his home. He 



married, March 19, 1838, Rosilla Riedell, 
who was born April 7, 1817, in Thompson, 
Connecticut, died March 28, 1895, and was 
buried beside her husband. 

Henry V. Tucker, eldest son of Henry 
and Rosilla (Riedell) Tucker, was born 
October 19, 1841, and settled in West- 
field section of Middletown, where he 
engaged quite successfully in farming. 
He married Clara Casey Bacon of West- 
field, daughter of Daniel Minor and Har- 
riett Blake (Hall) Bacon of Westfield. 
She now resides in New Britain. She is 
a granddaughter of Benjamin and Lucy 
A. (Wilcox) Bacon, mentioned at length 
elsewhere in this work. Benjamin Bacon 
built the house in which LeRoy Minor 
Tucker now resides, about two hundred 
years ago. He was a member of the 
South Church of Middletown, very pious, 
was formerly a Whig, and later a Repub- 
lican. He was the father of Daniel M. 
Bacon, born January 7, 1799, died March 
4, 1873. He attended the district school 
and the Middletown city schools and was 
a member of the North Church, a Repub- 
lican in politics, captain in the militia for 
a period of thirteen years, and was al- 
ways thereafter known as Captain Minor 
Bacon. He married, August 2, 1826, Har- 
riett Blake Hall, born August 2, 1805, 
daughter of Jonathan and Catherine (Sav- 
age) Hall, descendant of one of the 
pioneer families of Middletown, which is 
mentioned at considerable length else- 
where in this work. The founder of the 
family in this country was John Hall, 
among the earliest settlers of Hartford, 
later of Middletown, who was the father 
of Richard Hall, born in England, in 1620, 
died March 27, 1691, in Middletown. He 
was a weaver, a large land owner and 
lived between Court and College streets, 
his land extending westward to High 
Street. His wife, Mary, died March 30, 
166 




I 




ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1691. Their third son, born in September, 
1658, in Middletown, died March 14, 1740. 
He married, December 6, 1683, Phoebe 
Ward, born May 17, 1663, eldest daughter 
of WilHam and Phoebe Ward, died May 
14, 1741. Their eldest son, Samuel Hall, 
born November 25, 1696, married (sec- 
ond), August 26, 1731, Abigail Starr, born 
October 10, 171 1, eldest daughter of 
Joseph and Abigail (Bolton) Starr, grand- 
daughter of Comfort Starr, founder of the 
family in Middletown (see Starr). Her 
eldest child, fourth son of Samuel, was 
Samuel Hall (3), born August 20, 1732, 
married May 7, 1755, Lois Alvord, born 
April I, 1736, third daughter of Thomas 
and Submit Alvord. Thomas Alvord, 
born August 28, 1683, was a son of 
Thomas and Joanna (Taylor) Alvord, 
grandson of Alexander Alvord of Wind- 
sor, who came from Somersetshire, Eng- 
land. Jonathan Hall, second son of Sam- 
uel and Lois (Alvord) Hall, born March 
14, 1767, died in 1863, married Catherine 
Savage and was the father of Hannah 
Blake Hall, wife of Daniel Minor Bacon, 
as above noted. For many years he was 
engaged in business in Middletown, first 
in the firm of Montague & Hall, later 
many years independently. 

LeRoy Minor Tucker, son of Henry 
V. and Clara C. (Bacon) Tucker, was bom 
June 19, 1877, in the house in which he 
now resides, in the eastern part of the 
Westfield district, where he has ever 
since resided. He attended the district 
school of Staddle Hill and the Middle- 
town High School and was subsequently 
a student at the State Agricultural Col- 
lege at Storrs, Connecticut, from which 
he graduated in 1896. He settled on the 
home farm and has had very few vaca- 
tions. He engages in general farming and 
participates himself in the labors inci- 
dent to his business. He has done much 



work upon the roads. For twenty-two 
years he peddled milk in Middletown, and 
since he ceased that occupation, he has 
engaged largely in grain growing. In 
1921 he produced one hundred acres of 
small grains. He engaged quite exten- 
sively in the construction of silos and is 
always busy. He is a member of Matta- 
bessett Grange of Middletown, in which 
he has served as assistant steward, and 
of Apollo Lodge, No. 33, Knights of 
Pythias. He is also a member of the 
North Church of Middletown. A Repub- 
lican in politics he has ever refused to be 
a candidate for office, and devotes him- 
self to the demands of his extensive busi- 
ness. 

He married, August 10, 1905, Ida D. 
Scoville, born in Maromas, daughter of 
Frank S. and Harriett (McKenstry) Sco- 
ville. They have no children. 



PASCALL, Richard Henry, 
Manufacturer. 

At the head of the leading manufactur- 
ing industry of Portland, of which he has 
been many years manager, and as citizen 
of undoubted patriotism and moral worth, 
Captain Pascall enjoys the confidence and 
esteem of all who are privileged to know 
him. He was born October 6, 1841, in 
Fenton, Staffordshire, England, a son of 
Richard and Margaret (Pickering) Pas- 
call. The father, born in 1800, died in 
England in 1844. He was a man of un- 
usual mechanical skill, the only one of his 
father's family to exhibit such ability, and 
the son inherited some of this talent. 
Margaret Pickering, wife of Richard Pas- 
call and aunt of the late Thomas R. Pick- 
ering, founder of the Pickering Governor 
works, was a woman of remarkable char- 
acter. Left with seven children to care 
for, by the early death of her husband, 
167 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



she reared them to lives of usefulness. 
She was born in 1800 and died in 1859, in 
New York City. Her senior son, Thomas 
Pascall, lived many years in New York, 
where he died. A daughter, Margaret 
Pickering Pascall, founder of the Pascall 
Institute, on Lexington Avenue, New 
York, was long at its head. 

Richard H. Pascall, junior son of his 
parents, was but seven years of age when 
he came with his widowed mother and 
her family to America. His youth was 
passed in the city of New York, where he 
enjoyed the benefit of public schools and 
the free academy, now known as the Col- 
lege of the City of New York. His strong 
mechanical bent was early manifested, 
and was developed by a course in me- 
chanics at Cooper Institute. In 1862 he 
left this institution to enlist in defense of 
the integrity of the nation, becoming a 
member of Company A, 71st New York 
Volunteer Infantry. After the completion 
of his term of enlistment in 1863, he be- 
came sergeant of Company K, 37th New 
York Volunteers. This was one of the 
regiments called home from the front 
to suppress the draft riots in New York 
City. After peace was established Mr. 
Pascall joined the New York Militia and 
rose through the various grades until he 
became Captain, receiving his commission 
from Governor Fenton in 1870. This serv- 
ice was broken by his removal to Con- 
necticut in that year. In October, 1865, 
Captain Pascall became associated with 
his cousin, Thomas R. Pickering, in the 
production of the Pickering Governor for 
steam engines. This governor was a re- 
markable innovation in mechanics, and 
has grown steadily in use until the Port- 
land factory is the one with the largest 
production in the United States of gov- 
ernors distributed to every civilized 
country. When the plant was removed 



from New York to Portland in 1870 to 
occupy a new factory built for the busi- 
ness, Mr. Pascall was foreman, and he 
became superintendent in 1878. Long 
before 1903 the original Portland plant 
had become too small to accommodate 
the work, and in that year an entirely 
new plant of brick and stone was con- 
structed, adjoining the Air Line Rail- 
road, with switching facilities, where 
greater convenience and increased capac- 
ity were secured. May i, 1888, the busi- 
ness was incorporated as The Pickering 
Governor Company, with Thomas R. 
Pickering as president. Upon his death 
in 1895, John H. Hall succeeded him and 
was in turn succeeded by Mr. Pascall in 
1903. Through the superior business abil- 
ity of Mr. Hall and the skillful manage- 
ment of the plant by Mr. Pascall, the 
production and sales were greatly in- 
creased, being doubled in one year. In 
1890 the first private electrical plant in 
Portland was established at this factory, 
and an independent system of fire pro- 
tection is also maintained. Captain Pas- 
call was a director and vice-president of 
the Portland First National Bank many 
years, that was later, in 1925, merged in 
The Portland Trust Company, when he 
became chairman of the board. 

He has always been deeply interested 
in advancement of educational facilities 
for the town, taking leadership in pro- 
moting and carrying to completion the 
erection of a modern building of brick and 
stone for use of the grades and accommo- 
dation of the town high school, and as 
chairman greatly advancing the standing 
of the town schools. 

With natural determination and fixed 
principles he has always sustained the 
Republican party as the exponent of his 
ideas in good government, but has rarely 
consented to be a candidate for office. 
168 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



In 1906 he represented the town in the 
State Legislature. He is a member of 
Trinity Episcopal Church of Portland, of 
Portland Lodge, No. 35, Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows ; and of Mansfield 
Post, No. 53, Grand Army of the Republic 
of Middletown, in whose welfare he has 
always felt a deep interest. In Free Ma- 
sonry he has attained high degrees, being 
affiliated with Warren Lodge, No. 51, 
Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, of 
Portland ; Washington Chapter, No. 6, 
Royal Arch Masons ; and Cyrene Com- 
mandery. No. 8, Knights Templar, of 
Middletown ; also Sphinx Temple, An- 
cient Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic 
Shrine, of Hartford. Captain Pascall was 
married, Decemebr 27, 1864, in New York, 
to Marie A. Lasher, a native of German- 
town, New York, descended from one of 
the Knickerbocker families of the Empire 
State. They were the parents of four 
children (of whom three survive) namely : 
Marie Ella, Bessie Pickering, and George 
Chester. The senior daughter is the wife 
of Stephen S. Hall (q. v.) vice-president 
and treasurer of the Pickering Governor 
Co. ; the junior of Walter H. Penfield (q. 
V.) vice president of the Colts Arms Co., 
of Hartford ; and the son is secretary of 
The Pickering Governor Company, all 
residing in Portland. 



PASCALL, George Chester, 

Manufacturer. 

As secretary of The Pickering Governor 
Company of Portland, Mr. Pascall is mak- 
ing a record as a sterling business man, 
having already established himself among 
his fellows as a good citizen and true 
friend. The only son of Richard H. Pas- 
call, whose record appears above, he was 
born August 22, 1881, in Portland, where 
his primary education was secured, in- 



cluding the high school course. He was a 
member of the class of 1900 at the Hotch- 
kiss School at Lakeville, Connecticut, and 
soon found employment in the office of 
Colt's Patent Firearms Manufacturing 
Company, of Hartford, Connecticut. Here 
he served three years as a clerk, thus 
gaining considerable knowledge of busi- 
ness affairs and an experience ever since 
valuable to him. Close application had 
somewhat impaired his physical vigor, 
and he made a trip to Texas, where he 
quickly recovered. On the first of Janu- 
ary, 1904, he entered the office of the 
Pickering Governor Company, as general 
clerk, and was made secretary of the 
company in 1921. Here he has taken 
from the shoulders of his honored father 
much of the burden of affairs for many 
years borne by the elder, whose ability 
and perseverance have done so much to 
build up and carry on the concern. The 
junior Mr. Pascall is diligent and efficient, 
and is appreciated as such by all con- 
nected with the office. He bears his part 
in carrying on the beneficient influences 
of the community, supporting every 
worthy movement. He is a vestryman of 
Trinity Church, sustains his share of vari- 
ous community services and helped in 
every way to sustain the government in 
prosecuting the nation's share in the re- 
cent great World War. He is a member 
of the world-known Masonic fraternity, 
affiliating with Warren Lodge, No. 51, 
Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, of 
Portland, of which he has served in the 
stations up to junior deacon ; Washington 
Chapter, Royal Arch Masons, of Middle- 
town ; Cyrene Commandery, No. 8, and 
Sphinx Temple, Ancient Arabic Order 
Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, of Hartford. 
While not a seeker for public honors, Mr. 
Pascall feels that every citizen should 
bear his part in securing good govern- 



169 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ment, and supports Republican principles 
and policies, as the best means, in his 
judgment, to secure that end. 

Mr. Pascall was married, June i, 1910, 
to Helen Boughton, who was born in 
Hannibal, Missouri, daughter of Henry C. 
and Harriet (Chamberlain) Boughton of 
that city. Her grandfather, Sanford L. 
Boughton, was born August 27, 1810, and 
settled at Warsaw, New York, in 1840. 
He was a friend of education, and was a 
member of the school board of Warsaw 
from the inception of its union school in 
1853 until his death, September 26, 1859. 
He married Maria A. Roberts, and they 
were the parents of Henry C. Boughton. 
The latter, born July 15, 1845, was ap- 
prenticed to a printer in Warsaw, and set- 
tled in Hannibal, Missouri, where he en- 
gaged successfully in the book and sta- 
tionery business until his death, which 
occurred September 17, 1923. He mar- 
ried, March 4, 1873, Harriet Chamberlain, 
who was born in Brattleboro, Vermont, 
and survives him. 

Mrs. Pascall is a member of the general 
association of the Daughters of the 
American Revolution of Missouri. Mr. 
and Mrs. Pascall are the parents of a son, 
Richard Boughton Pascall, born January 
4, 1912. He is a member of Troop 21, 
Boy Scouts of America. 



WAKEMAN, Howard Nichols, 
Ua-wyer, Historian. 

Accomplished in his profession as a 
general practitioner in the law, his train- 
ing and experience in both the States of 
Connecticut and New York being re- 
corded as of a very high order of value in 
their legal interests, Howard Nichols 
Wakeman, long in practice at the Con- 
necticut bar, is a factor for progress in 
the civic life of this State, and he has held 



important State and township office in a 
service of broad benefit to the community. 
Learned in the historical lore of a State 
abounding with distinguished Colonial 
and Revolutionary records, Mr. Wake- 
man is not only widely known as the cura- 
tor of the archives of Bridgeport and its 
neighborhood, but he is one of the best in- 
formed of the State's historians concern- 
ing the Plantation and Provincial eras, 
and those immediately following, in Con- 
necticut's remarkable story of settlement 
and growth. Mr. Wakeman, one of the 
accomplished editors of this work, is a 
son of Zalmon Wakeman, a teacher in the 
public schools, and who served as a mem- 
ber of the General Assembly of Connecti- 
cut, and Susan (Warner) Wakeman. 

Howard Nichols Wakeman was born 
November 21, 1856, at Greenfield Hill, in 
the town of Fairfield, where he attended 
the public schools. He prepared for his 
profession in the Law School of Yale Uni- 
versity, where he was graduated in the 
class of 1888, with his degree Bachelor of 
Laws, and upon his admission to the Con- 
necticut bar in 1887 he at once began the 
practice of law in this State. Mr. Wake- 
man was also admitted to practice at the 
New York bar in 1904, and from that date 
to 1914, he was in the employ of the Law- 
yers' Title and Trust Company. He is 
active in financial matters, and is a mem- 
ber of the board of directors of the South- 
port Savings Bank. 

Mr. Wakeman's interest in the political 
life of the State has been notably mani- 
fested in Legislature and as a member of 
the General Assembly at Hartford in 
1897 ; and he has also served as personal 
tax collector of the town of Fairfield. 

Prominently associated with the in- 

jcreasingly valuable program of work of 

the Bridgeport Scientific and Historical 

Society, Mr. Wakeman holds the office of 

170 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



secretary of that society. He is a com- 
municant of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church. 
m Howard Nichols Wakeman married, 

October 28, 1891, Grace Melville Hall, 
daughter of Henry Hall and Catherine 
(Silliman) Hall. Their children are: i. 
Tallmadge Nichols Wakeman, born July 
23, 1892. 2. Katherine DeForest Wedel- 
staedt, born May 12, 1895. 3. Clara Lacey 
Wakeman, born February 9, 1899. 



MYLCHREEST, Joseph Warren, 
Director of Public Works. 

A native of Middletown, Mr. Myl- 
chreest has attained a prominent position 
among the citizens of the city, and is 
actively useful in the direction of its ma- 
terial interests, while contributing his 
share to its moral and social development. 
His forebears were among the leading 
people of the Isle of Man, one being 
among the first seven Manx settlers. The 
present detailed knowledge of the family 
begins with John Mylchreest, who was 
the father of William Mylchreest, a con- 
tractor who built many of the engine 
houses at the mines of Manxland. He 
died at the age of sixty years, and his 
wife, Catherine (Davidson), also a native 
of Man, reached the age of seventy-five 
years. They were the parents of fourteen 
children, the second of whom was Wil- 
liam Mylchreest, born August 8, 1842, at 
Kirk German. Up to the age of fourteen 
years he attended an excellent school in 
the neighborhood, and early began receiv- 
ing instruction from his father in the 
mason's art. When twenty-two years old 
he went to Liverpool, whence he soon 
moved to Halifax, Yorkshire, England, 
where he continued at his trade and re- 
ceived instruction in draughting and ge- 
ometry at a night school. Returning to 



his native place, he continued there until 
1869, when he set sail with his bride for 
the United States. The voyage was made 
on the steamer "Australasia" of the 
Cunard line, and they arrived at Boston, 
Massachusetts, after a passage lasting 
eight days and six hours, on April 9, 1869. 
Seven days later found them in Middle- 
town, Connecticut, where Mr. Mylchreest 
continued a most industrious and success- 
ful career until advancing age compelled 
him to retire, and died January 13, 1922. 
After working six days in the Middle- 
sex quarry of Portland, he found employ- 
ment as a bricklayer, in which he con- 
tinued for some time in Middletown and 
Hartford. In 1869 he formed a partner- 
ship with Hugh McConochie and James 
Moore, to engage in building operations, 
under the style of McConochie, Moore & 
Mylchreest, and the association was con- 
tinued some nine years. At the end of 
that period Mr. Moore withdrew, and the 
business was continued a similar period 
by McConochie & Mylchreest. Follow- 
ing this Mr. Mylchreest was sole pro- 
prietor of the business, being ultimately 
succeeded by his sons, by whom it is still 
carried on. Many of the most substantial 
buildings in Middletown are monuments 
to his skill, among which may be men- 
tioned the Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation building, several structures of 
Wesleyan University, numerous resi- 
dences, two wings of the State Hospital 
and the German Lutheran Church. In- 
cluded in his operations were thirteen 
buildings of his own, which he sold or 
rented. Thirty years after his arrival in 
Middletown, he erected his substantial 
residence on Brainerd Avenue and in the 
same year he put up the fire engine house 
on Main Street, one of the best buildings 
of its kind in New England. Several of 
the fraternity houses adjacent to the col- 



171 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



lege are samples of his skill. A faithful 
member of the Methodist Church, a use- 
ful citizen and a good husband and father 
passed away when he died. A consistent 
Republican in political principle, Mr. Myl- 
chreest served in 1898 and 1899 as alder- 
man of the city. 

He was married, March 25, 1869, at his 
native place, to Ann Senogles, born April 
9, 1850, in the same locality, being the 
twelfth of the thirteen children of Joseph 
and Catherine (Mylchreest) Senogles, 
their fifth daughter and the only one of 
the family to come to the United States. 
Mr. and Mrs. Mylchreest were the par- 
ents of six sons and three daughters. 

Joseph Henry Mylchreest, second son 
of William and Ann (Senogles) Myl- 
chreest, was born October 5, 1871, in Mid- 
dletown, Connecticut, where he was edu- 
cated in the public schools. At the age of 
thirteen years, he laid aside his books to 
engage in mason work, which has occu- 
pied his time since. He continued in the 
employ of his father until 1906, when he 
became a member of the firm including 
the father and sons. He has been identi- 
fied with the construction of several col- 
lege buildings and fraternity houses, the 
Central National Bank building and 
others. Mr. Mylchreest is a member of 
the Methodist Church, is a Past Grand of 
Central Lodge, No. 12, Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows, of which body he is a 
trustee, and of Souheag Encampment, No. 
6, same order, and was chairman of the 
building committee of the order which 
purchased and remodeled the former 
Universalist Church for the uses of the 
order. He is identified with the local blue 
lodge, chapter, council and commandery 
of the Masonic fraternity. Lady Wash- 
ington Chapter, Eastern Star, and Sphinx 
Temple, Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of 



the Mystic Shrine, of Hartford. He has 
always been a busy man, with little time 
for other than his private aflFairs, but has 
ever sought to further progfressive move- 
ments, without taking any political office, 
and consistently supports Republican 
principles and policies. 

Mr. Mylchreest married, February 12, 
1893, Sarah Anne Barrow, who was born 
in Sheffield, England, daughter of Alfred 
and Sarah Anne (Bailey) Barrow, with 
whom she came to America when four 
years old. Alfred Barrow, born Septem- 
ber I, 1849, was superintendent of the 
Soby Saw works in Sheffield some forty 
years, and died in Middletown April 5, 
1912. His wife died November 26, 1922, 
aged seventy-two years. Mr. and Mrs. 
Mylchreest are the parents of two sons, 
namely: i. William B., chief draughts- 
man in the New York office of the late 
Henry Bacon, designer of the Lincoln 
monument at Washington. 2. Joseph 
Warren. 

J. Warren Mylchreest, director of pub- 
lic works of the city of Middletown, was 
born December 21, 1894, in Middletown, 
where he grew up and went through the 
public schools, graduating from the high 
school. He was a student at Norwich 
University, Northfield, Vermont, and Cor- 
nell University, Ithaca, New York, grad- 
uating from the latter in 1917, with degree 
of Architectural Engineer. He enlisted, 
May 15, 1917, in the 309th Infantry, spent 
three months in training camp at Madison 
Barracks, and was made second lieuten- 
ant. He was at Camp Dix with the 78th 
Division, at Camps Devens and Augusta, 
and made numerous trips about the coun- 
try in government service. He was pro- 
moted first lieutenant in August, 1918, 
and was discharged April 21, 1919. Fol- 
lowing this he was employed as junior en- 
172 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



gineer by the Connecticut State Highway 
Department for six months, and was with 
the Ellison Construction Company of 
Hartford one year. For six months he 
was a construction engineer of the South- 
ern New England Telephone Company, 
and left this employment to become direc- 
tor of public works at Middletown in 
1922. He has charge of the streets, water 
works and other departments of city serv- 
ice. The elimination of the grade cross- 
ing on Bridge Street, Middletown, is one 
of the projects to which he has given 
much attention, and the final adoption of 
a plan and commencement of operations is 
due chiefly to his determination and per- 
severance, against the objections of some 
parties in interest. The improvement of 
the city water service is now engaging 
his attention, and his fertile brain is con- 
stantly planning improvements in the 
public service. 

Mr. Mylchreest is affiliated with the 
Methodist Church, and is a steadfast Re- 
publican politically. He is identified 
with the principal Masonic bodies, from 
St. John's Lodge, No. 2, to Cyrene Com- 
mandery, No. 8, and including Sphinx 
Temple, Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of 
the Mystic Shrine, of Hartford. He is 
also a member of Central Lodge, No. 12, 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows ; and 
Middletown Lodge, No. 771, Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks. In all rela- 
tions of life he is energetic and faithful, 
and enjoys the esteem and confidence of 
his contemporaries. 

He married, February 7, 1919, Grace 
Ellen Burch, who was born September 
5, 1894, in Spencer, Massachusetts, daugh- 
ter of Manly Erastus and Mary (Sweet) 
Burch, the latter a native of Hatfield, 
Massachusetts. Mr. and Mrs. Mylchreest 
are the parents of a son, Joseph Warren, 
Junior. 



AVERY, Edward C, 

Business Man. 

There is no name in New England 
history borne with more worthy distinc- 
tion than that of Avery. Its members 
have occupied those places of prominence 
that lend lustre to a family name, and 
have performed those daily duties of good 
citizenship that contribute even more 
surely to the welfare and prosperity of 
the community. The origin of this name 
in England has not thus far been fully de- 
termined, some authorities stating that it 
was derived from Aviarus. which means a 
keeper of birds, while others assert that 
the storehouse in which the forage for the 
king's horses was deposited was called 
the avery prior to the conquest. It is 
quite probable, however, that the Saxon 
personal name Alberic, which became 
Latmlzed into Albericus, was softened 
during the Norman rule into Aubrey, and 
finally acquired its present form of 
spelling. 

A branch of this family was founded 
in New Hampshire by John Avery, born 
in Groton, Massachusetts, September 17, 
1705, who settled in Stratham, New 
Hampshire, in young manhood. He was 
of the fourth American generation, de- 
scended from Christopher Avery, founder 
of the family in America, through his son, 
Captain James Avery, and his grandson, 
Samuel Avery, all of whom held import- 
ant places in public life. This is probably 
the line whence sprang Robert Avery, 
born near Franconia Notch, New Hamp- 
shire, in 1804. He grew to manhood in 
New Hampshire and shortly before his 
marriage moved to Burke, New York. 
There he engaged in farming on a fifty- 
acre tract of land, which was a wedding 
present to his wife from her father. He 
married Maria Estabrook (see Estabrook 



173 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



line). They were the parents of eight 
children, of whom six attained mature 
years : Sally, married Amos Hoadley, 
of Westville, New York, both deceased ; 
Samuel, deceased ; Silas, a resident of 
Manchester, New Hampshire ; Hiram, de- 
ceased ; Emily, married James Rogers, 
both deceased, and resided in Vermont- 
ville, New York ; Joel E., of whom fur- 
ther ; and Hoel (twins), the latter dying 
in infancy. 

Joel E. Avery, son of Robert and Maria 
(Estabrook) Avery, was born in Burke, 
Franklin County, New York, November 
15, 1848. As a boy of fourteen years he 
was employed for a year in a saw mill in 
the Adirondack woods, and when but 
seventeen years of age was in charge of a 
gang of twenty-six men. In 1870 he 
moved to Granby, Connecticut, and 
worked for three years on a farm, then 
moving to Hartland and residing there 
for twenty-three years engaged in general 
farming and stock raising. He returned 
to Granby for three years still as a farmer, 
and in April, 1899, he located in New 
Britain, establishing in milk dealing on a 
small scale. His operations have steadily 
widened and now, the oldest milk dealer 
in the city, he has four regular routes. 
His business is conducted under the name 
of Joel Avery & Son, and has five em- 
ployees in addition to Mr. Avery and his 
son. Mr. Avery continued in the work of 
delivery in person until about four years 
ago, and he is still active in collecting the 
farm supply from local dairymen. Mr. 
Avery is held in high regard in the busi- 
ness fraternity of New Britain, and there 
is no man of aflfairs in the city in whose 
word greater dependence is placed. He 
has never been attracted to public office, 
but in private life has lost no opportunity 
to contribute to the progress of the com- 
mon good. He is the possessor of a medal 



made from captured German cannon, 
which was awarded by the United States 
Government for efficient participation in 
the Liberty Loan campaigns. Mr. Avery 
is probably the only member of the Wes- 
leyan Methodist denomination now in 
New Britain. 

He married Ella F., daughter of Luther 
A. and Nancy (Woodruff) Parker. Nancy 
Woodruff was a daughter of Alanson 
Woodruff, of Avon. Mr. and Mrs. Avery 
have a son, Edward C, the only one of 
their children to reach maturity. 

Edward C. Avery, son of Joel E. and 
Ella F. (Parker) Avery, was born in Hart- 
land, Connecticut, March 3, 1882. He was 
educated in public schools and for four 
years thereafter was in the employ of P. 
and F. Corbin, of New Britain. The fol- 
lowing nine months were spent with the 
Union Manufacturing Company, and he 
was then for two years on the road in the- 
atrical work. His voice had attracted the 
attention of an old singing master of New 
Britain, who gave him his first instruc- 
tion, and he later studied under A. Leo- 
pold, a well known voice culturist of 
Hartford, developing a second bass voice 
of unusual quality and strength. While 
on the road he was a member of a local 
quartet which appeared in every State of 
the Union, and at engagements in all of 
the large cities. Tiring of the irregular 
life of theatrical and concert work, with 
the attendant inconveniences and discom- 
forts of constantly travelling, he left the 
stage and took a commercial course in 
Huntsinger's Business College at Hart- 
ford. Later he became associated with 
his father in the milk business, and on 
May 13, 1906, the present partnership was 
formed. Mr. Avery has relieved his father 
of many of the arduous responsibilities of 
their prosperous business and has con- 
tributed a full share to its upbuilding. 



174 




e^ 



c^y^^-o^^^^^^^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



From 1900 to 1908 Mr. Avery was a mem- 
ber of Council No. 8, Senior Order of 
United American Mechanics, and with 
his wife is a member of the Congrega- 
tional Church. 

Edward C. Avery married Mabel Fer- 
ris, daughter of Oscar and Charlotte 
(Avery) Ferris, her mother a daughter of 
Samuel Avery, brother of Joel E. Avery. 
They were the parents of: Edward, born 
March 7, 1910; Myrtle Florine, born April 
25, 191 1 ; Harold Raymond, born March 
2, 1916. 

(The Estabrook Line). 

Thomas Estabrook, born in Enfield, 
County Middlesex, England, came to 
America in 1660 and died January 28, 
1720-21. He lived at Swanzey, Massachu- 
setts, and was a selectman in 1681. He 
married Sarah Temple, of Concord, Mas- 
sachusetts, and among their children was 
Thomas. 

Thomas (2) Estabrook, son of Thomas 
(i) and Sarah (Temple) Estabrook, was 
born August 6, 1685. He married, De- 
cember 18, 1707, Mrs. Elizabeth Parker, 
and among their children was Thomas. 

Thomas (3) Estabrook, son of Thomas 
(2) and Elizabeth (Parker) Estabrook, 
was born April 2, 1713. He married, about 
1743, Prudence, surname unknown, and 
among their children was Joel. 

Joel Estabrook, son of Thomas (3) and 
Prudence Estabrook, was born in West- 
ford, Massachusetts, March 3, 1748-49. He 
was a soldier in the Revolutionary War. 
He married, at Chelmsford, Massachu- 
setts, February 4, 1778, Abigail Under- 
wood, of Chelmsford. Issue : Abigail U., 
born 1779; Sophia, born 1781 ; Polly, born 
1782; Susanna, born 1784; Joel, of whom 
further; Sarah, born 1790. 

Joel (2) Estabrook, son of Joel (i) and 
Abigail (Underwood) Estabrook, was 



born in Westford, Massachusetts, April 
I, 1778. Among his children was Maria. 
Maria Estabrook, daughter of Joel 
Estabrook, married Robert Avery (see 
Avery line). 



MAZZOTTA, Salvatore, 

liarge Bnilder. 

In the career of this subject is illustra- 
ted again the principle of American boast, 
namely that one can make something of 
himself, physically, mentally and morally, 
if he have the necessary ambition, de- 
termination and stamina. With these 
qualities comes always success in material 
things. 

Salvatore Mazzotta was born February 
12, 1879, in Melilli, province of Syracusa, 
Italy, Island of Sicily, a region swept by 
the warm Mediterranean breezes. His 
father Carmelo Mazzotta, was a mason 
builder all his life in Melilli, where he died 
in 1903, at the age of seventy years. His 
wife, Emanuella, born in the same town, 
was a daughter of Vincenzo and Mariana 
Nocera. Vincenzo Nocera was a mason 
all his life and died in Melilli. Emanuella 
Mazzotta died in 1910, aged seventy-one 
years. Salvatore Mazzotta was privileged 
to attend school until nine years of age, 
when he began to learn the mason's trade 
under instruction of his father. Very 
early in life he began to cherish visions 
of escape from his environment, ever his 
eyes were turned longingly toward 
America, the land of opportunity, and he 
persevered in his ambition to strike out 
in the world. At the age of eighteen years 
he began to realize his desire to improve 
himself by travel. An older brother was 
then in Bulgaria, and thither Salvatore 
turned his steps. For a period of two 
years he worked as a mason in railroad 
construction near Sofia and then returned 



175 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



to his native place. His stay here was but 
short and, in late January, 1900, he set 
out for America, landed at New York, and 
reached his objective at Middletown, Con- 
necticut, February 18, of that year. Here 
he encountered by far the most severe 
cold he had thus far experienced. With 
no knowledge of the prevailing language 
of the country, with labor plentiful and 
little in demand, his case presented dis- 
couragements, but with the hope and de- 
termination of youth he awaited the open- 
ing of the season's activities. About a 
month after his arrival he found employ- 
ment with a contracting firm which had 
need of workers with pick and shovel ; 
he labored under hard taskmasters, who 
looked only for results, while a dozen 
waited to fill every vacancy in the force. 
Though his hands blistered and bled, 
young Mazzotta gave competent service 
and earned the approval of his employers. 
After two months of this employment he 
found opportunity to work at his trade, 
which gladly he would have accepted, 
even at a reduction in pay, though he was 
advanced fifty cents per day (to two dol- 
lars), and built unaided the towers sus- 
taining the gates in the State Hospital 
water works. From this time forward he 
found rather steady employment, as every 
employer found him willing and ambi- 
tious to give service. In the autumn of 
the same year he went to Hartford, where 
he found employment at another advance 
of fifty cents per day. His prime object 
in going to Hartford was to secure the 
benefit of night school, where he might 
increase his knowledge of the language 
and fit himself for better opportunities 
in life. In school he was just as diligent 
as at work, and made rapid advancement 
in knowledge of English, working each 
day and going to Middletown once a 
week to visit a sister living there. Re- 



turning to Middletown, he was several 
years in the employ of Denis O'Brien, a 
large mason contractor, with whom he 
grew in favor, and, after less than two 
years with him, was placed in charge of 
jobs. He set the stone work of the Had- 
dam Library, the chapel of St. John's 
Church and many other buildings in and 
about Middletown. In 1909 a long strike 
of building mechanics in Middletown very 
much hindered operations, and Mr. Maz- 
zotta became impressed with the idea of 
becoming his own master, which long 
had been a cherished ambition. After 
some casting about he secured a job at 
the corner of Union and South streets, 
where he laid the cellar and first story 
walls of a building, and he found by the 
end of the year that it is more profitable 
to handle one's own business. He built 
concrete sidewalks, and no job was too 
small to receive his faithful and efficient 
attention. His reputation for reliable 
work grew, and jobs came to him unso- 
licited. In 191 1 he erected a two-story 
brick block on the south side of Wash- 
ington Street, for J. W. Stueck. In 
1915 a much more pretentious block 
arose under Mr. Mazzotta's management 
— "Stueck's Tavern" — on the north side 
of Washington Street. Many fine blocks 
have been erected under contract by Mr. 
Mazzotta, a few of which may be here 
mentioned, including the Meech & Stod- 
dard elevator, homes of the Middletown 
Yacht and Highland Country clubs, 
Poliner's store on the northerly end of 
Main Street. In 192 1 he began the con- 
struction of an addition to the group of 
buildings constituting the Connecticut 
State Hospital, a fire-proof structure, said 
to be the finest in New England, and is 
now (1924) constructing the Nurses' 
Home, another equally fine building of 
the same group, each of these contracts 
176 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



involving some two hundred thousand 
dollars. In 1924 he finished his contract 
for erection of the Middletown Silk Com- 
pany's new mill — a hundred thousand dol- 
lar undertaking, also the State Trade 
School, on Church Street, a handsome and 
thoroughly modern structure, and the 
contract for the construction of the new 
North End School building, on a bid of 
$131,193. Among his own enterprises 
may be mentioned the erection of a hand- 
some three-story brick flat-house on 
Spring Street, and the recent purchase 
of the Douglass homestead on Broad 
Street, which he has remodeled, providing 
three handsome tenements. In 1921, hav- 
ing purchased a tract on the west side of 
Prospect Street, he opened a street run- 
ning westward from Prospect Street and 
rejoining that thoroughfare, forming three 
sides of a rectangle and known as Maz- 
zotta Place. On this tract he erected the 
elegant home of Dr. William E. Wrang. 
In 1922-23 he erected for his own family 
a beautiful home, which they occupied 
July I, 1923. This is one of the finest 
private residences in the city, overlooking 
the valley of the Sabetha River and the 
mountains to the west and southwest. 
The first story and chimneys are of native 
stone, which was also used in construct- 
ing the fireplace in the parlor; the upper 
story is of stucco, and the whole is finely 
planned for convenience and beauty, and 
its furnishings evince a refined taste. 
Among the paintings are marine views, 
scenes from American life, some of which 
were executed in Rome, and superior 
tapestries from the Old World. Its sun 
parlor, on the south, is a model of taste 
and utility, floored with tiles from the old 
custom house and postoffice building of 
Middletown, which Mr. Mazzotta demol- 
ished. Another relic from the same build- 
ing is the flagstaff, which forms one item 

Conn. 11 — 12 



in the tasteful decorations of the home 
grounds. The stone work in which it is 
set affords a beautiful basin for flowering 
plants, and the shrubbery and blooms 
working into the decorations are a delight 
to the eye. 

Blessed with fine native instincts, self- 
cultivation has made a gentleman of Mr. 
Mazzotta, and his naturally genial dispo- 
sition and unvaried upright dealings have 
drawn to him many friends, whose esteem 
he easily retains. His business reputation 
is unsmirched, and he is in a position to 
enjoy life's richest blessings. With his 
family Mr. Mazzotta worships at St. 
John's Roman Catholic Church, and he is 
a member of the Knights of Columbus, 
Loyal Order of Moose, Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks, Sons of Italy, 
and Italio-American Club. A sound Re- 
publican, he was placed in nomination in 
1922 for the office of city councilman and, 
though he polled the largest vote on his 
ticket, he was defeated with the whole 
Republican ticket in the landslide of that 
year. He was again nominated in 1923 
and elected by a large majority, only one 
candidate receiving more votes — by a 
margin of five. He is a member of the 
council committee on streets, and of a 
special committee on city and town plan- 
ning, being especially fitted for service on 
the latter by his fine taste and good judg- 
ment. His public spirit is evidenced by 
his offering the use of a tract of land near 
Spring Street to the Social Service 
League, for use as a public playground. 

In 1906 Mr. Mazzotta felt that he had 
been sufficiently prospered to assume the 
responsibilities of a family and, in Novem- 
ber of that year, he revisited the home of 
his childhood and was there married, 
February 2, 1907, to Angelina DiStefano, 
who was born there, March 31, 1887, 
daughter of Sebastiano and Anna (Mes- 
177 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



sina) DiStefano. Soon after the wed- 
ding they came to Middletown, and Mrs. 
Mazzotta at once set about learning the 
use of the English language. She has 
proven herself a worthy helpmate in her 
husband's progress, and their children are 
being reared as good American citizens; 
they are : Sabastiano George, born Feb- 
ruary 22, 191 1 ; and Emanuella Maria, 
February 4, 1913. 



BAILEY, Edgar L., 

Business Man. 

A descendant, in two lines, of the old 
Bailey family of Haddam, Mr. Bailey in- 
herited the native business instinct of the 
Yankee and also the stable character 
which has distinguished the natives of 
New England. He was born February 
17, 1847, ii^ Higganum, Connecticut, the 
son of Richard M. and Lucy Maria 
(Bailey) Bailey, who were not near rel- 
atives. The descent of the mother has 
been traced as follows : The name Bailey 
had its origin in the office of bailiff or 
steward, an occupation of much honor and 
dignity in old English times. The name 
of Henry le Bailie is found in writs of 
parliament. A pioneer of Virginia was 
William Bailey who was born about 1579, 
in England, and removed to Virginia in 
the ship "Prosperous." His son, Thomas 
Bailey, settled in New London, Connecti- 
cut, in 1651. He was founder of the 
Groton family of that name. 

John Bailey appears in the records of 
Hartford, Connecticut, in 1648, when he 
was a viewer of ladders and chimneys, an 
important post, since chimneys were built 
of sticks and mud, and it was necessary 
to keep ladders and make frequent inspec- 
tion of chimneys as a precaution against 
fires. John Bailey was constable, an 
office involving collection of taxes, in 



1656-57. About 1662 he settled in Had- 
dam, being one of the twenty-eight orig- 
inal proprietors of the town, and lived in 
what is now Higganum. His will was 
dated June 17, 1696, and inventory of his 
property, made August 29, of the same 
year, placed its value at £ 186, los. and 6d. 
His wife was, probably, Lydia, daughter 
of Thomas Smith. 

John Bailey, son of John, lived in Had- 
dam, and married Elizabeth Bate, daugh- 
ter of John and Elizabeth (Beckwith) 
Bate of that town. John Bate (name now 
written Bates) was undoubtedly a son of 
Joseph Bate of Haddam. The name was 
common in England several centuries be- 
fore the departure of the Pilgrims for 
America. In New England it was some- 
times spelled "Baitt." It is supposed to 
have come from Bate or Batte, a contrac- 
tion of Bartholomew. About the time of 
the Revolution, it came into common use 
as Bates. Between 1630 and 1640 five 
men named Bate settled in Boston or its 
neighborhood. John Bate of Lydd, Kent, 
England, died between July 31, and Sep- 
tember 17, 1522. His second son, Andrew, 
died there about February 22, 1533. The 
latter's third son, John Bate, was buried 
there March i, 1579. He married, Octo- 
ber 28, 1546, Mildred Ward, who was 
buried June 2, 1577, nearly two years be- 
fore her husband. Their eldest son, John 
Bate, described as a yeoman, died March 
2, 1614, at Lydd. He married, June 6, 
1580, Mary Martine, and their second 
son, Joseph Bate, baptized in December, 
1582, at Lydd, was the pioneer of the fam- 
ily in America. In 1635 he came to Dor- 
chester, Massachusetts, where he was 
made a freeman in the following year, 
served as selectman in 1637-38 and 1642, 
and died in 1655. He married (license 
issued September 13, 1603) Alice Glover 
of Saltwood, England, born 1583, died 
78 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



August 14, 1657, in Dorchester. Their 
youngest child, Joseph Bate, baptized 
December 16, 1624, at Lydd, was living 
in Dorchester in 1648, was subsequently 
at "Thirty-mile Island," now Haddam, 
and at Saybrook from 1669 to 1677. No 
doubt he was the father of John Bate, 
who died January 15, 1719, father of 
Elizabeth, wife of John Bailey. 

Ephraim Bailey, second son of John and 
Elizabeth (Bate) Bailey, was born Janu- 
ary I, 1691, and lived in Haddam, where 
he married, October 3, 1716, Deborah 
Brainard, born April 3, 1698, eldest daugh- 
ter and second child of James and De- 
borah (Dudley) Brainard, granddaughter 
of Daniel Brainard, born in 1641, prob- 
ably in Braintree, England, the pioneer 
of Haddam. 

William Bailey, eighth son of Ephraim 
and Deborah (Brainard) Bailey, married 
Betsey Horton, and lived in Haddam, 
where his son, Christopher Bailey, was 
born in March, 1756, and died April 18, 
1840. He married, November 26, 1782, 
his second cousin, Naomi Bailey, born 
1763, died September 29, 1825, daughter 
of Jacob and Elizabeth (Cook) Bailey, 
granddaughter of Ephraim and Deborah 
Bailey, above mentioned. Christopher 
Bailey, youngest child of Christopher and 
Naomi Bailey, was born December 17, 
1797, in Haddam, and married, June 4, 
1824, Anne Tryon, of Middletown. She 
was born about 1800, and died February 
17, 1871, aged seventy-one. This, prob- 
ably, led to his settlement at Middletown. 
The records show a deed dated Novem- 
ber ID, 1826, by which he received from 
Josiah M. Hubbard one and one-half 
acres of land in Middletown, the consider- 
ation being $13.50. Presumably he was a 
mechanic, and required only ground on 
which to place a residence. Lucy Maria 
Bailey, daughter of Christopher and Anne 
(Tryon) Bailey, was born in March, 1825, 



in Haddam, became the wife of Richard 
M. Bailey, and died February 10, 1895, in 
Middletown. 

Richard M. Bailey, husband of Lucy 
Maria Bailey, born in Haddam, and was a 
mechanic residing in Middletown. From 
1856 to i860 to he was in Arlington, 
Vermont, and sought to prepare his son 
for a worthy place in life. 

Edgar L. Bailey was educated at the 
public schools of Arlington and the private 
school of Daniel Chase, which prepared so 
many of the leading citizens of Middle- 
town for college and for active life. After 
a course in Eastman's Business College at 
Poughkeepsie, New York, Edgar L. Bailey 
began his business career in the employ of 
the Russell Manufacturing Company of 
Middletown, with which establishment 
he continued for a period of fifty-two 
years. This long association is ample 
evidence of his integrity, industry and 
business capacity. For six years he was 
employed as bookkeeper and then became 
a traveling salesman, in which capacity 
he continued forty-six years. Because of 
his almost continuous absence from home, 
Mr. Bailey had little opportunity to 
mingle in the political affairs of the com- 
munity but he was an earnest Republican 
in political principle and ever ready to 
sustain with voice and thought that party. 
He was an active member of the great 
Masonic brotherhood, in which he at- 
tained the rank of Knights Templar, and 
his burial ceremonies were conducted by 
the local Commandery of that branch of 
the order. He died June 12, 1918, and 
among his benefactions was a legacy for 
the equipment of an operating room in the 
Middlesex Hospital. He also left a legacy 
to St. Luke's Home, one of the greatest 
institutions for the alleviation of suffering 
in Middletown, and also to the District 
Nurses' Association, another medium of 
great public good. Mr. Bailey's greatest 



179 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



benefaction, which he had long cherished, 
was the dedication, June i8, 1918, of the 
Bailey Memorial Hall of Olivet Church 
at East Arlington, Vermont. In this he 
was faithfully seconded by his amiable 
wife. 

Mr. Bailey was married in 1875 at 
Arlington to Miss Miriam S. Webb, 
daughter of Reuben and Rhoda (Bowker) 
Webb of that town. She is the great- 
granddaughter of one of the first settlers 
of that town. Mr. and Mrs. Bailey were 
members of the South Congregational 
Church of Middletown. One who knew 
them intimately penned the following 
beautiful tribute to Mr. Bailey and his 
wife: 

Some years ago there grew up together in 
Arlington, Vermont, a boy and girl. They went 
to school together and became fast friends, and 
finally married and moved away to another New 
England town— Middletown, Connecticut. Here 
they lived for many years. Mr. Bailey occupied a 
prominent position in the business life of the city 
and the years went on happily full of joy and 
comfort. But they never forgot the home of their 
youth in the little town among the green hills. 
For years, Mr. Bailey had nourished the plan of 
building a memorial hall in connection with the 
church in Arlington, which he had attended in his 
youth and where his father had died a happy 
Christian. But alas, it was not to be. Before he 
could carry out his plans, he has passed away. 
"God's finger gently touched him and he slept." 
And now his wife has found comfort in her loss 
in carrying out the plans her husband had so much 
at heart, and today the work is finished ; this new 
memorial hall stands as a monument to the memory 
of that Christian gentleman, Edgar L. Bailey, a 
memory which will be^ held by generation after 
generation of men and women who shall come to 
this hall from time to time to find recreation and 
pleasure in the various entertainments which shall 
here take place. 

His soul, at last, has found a glad release, 
From earthly cares and now is full of peace. 
And in the days that are to come may all 
Who meet together here, within this hall. 
Think kindly of the friend now passed away. 
Whose monument we dedicate to-day. 

— Oscar Kuhns, Middletown, Conn. 



The program of the dedication services 
of Bailey Memorial Hall was as follows: 

Pastor: To the glory of God, our Father, the 
giver of all good gifts, to the honor of Jesus 
Christ, His Son, our Lord and Saviour; to the 
praise of the Holy Spirit, source of Life and Light. 

People: We dedicate this hall. For cheer to 
those who are friendless, for strength to those 
who are tempted; for arousing the conscience 
against all evil; we dedicate this hall. For the 
strength of the Church's social life, for the recrea- 
tion of all ages and classes, for Christian cheer 
and fellowship, we dedicate this hall; for the 
advancement of the community spirit, for the 
extension of the church's influence, for the gath- 
ering of all to the Master's fold, we dedicate this 
hall, as a tribute of love and gratitude to the kind 
and generous donors of this hall, and a heartfelt 
offering to God, the source of all goodness. We, 
the people of Olivet Church and congregation, 
renewing the consecration of ourselves and our 
service, dedicate this hall in the name of the Father 
and of the Sun and of the Holy Spirit. Amen. 

The address was given by Hon. J. K. 
Batchelder. 



DYER. KIRK Worrell, 

Motor Mannfactnrer. 

For the past ten years actively identi- 
fied with the business interests of Middle- 
town, Mr. Dyer has established himself 
in the esteem and respect of his con- 
temporaries. He is descended from one 
of the first American families early estab- 
lished in Rhode Island. The first in this 
country was William Dyer, who was born 
in London, England, where he was a mer- 
chant, handling millinery and dry goods. 
In December, 1635, he settled at Boston, 
Massachusetts, whence he removed to 
Portsmouth, Rhode Island, being one of 
the original company which settled that 
place, a signer of the compact made 
March 7, 1638, for the government of the 
Colony, and on June 5, 1639, he joined in 
a similar compact for the settlement of 
Newport, where he was granted land. He 



180 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



was secretary of the Portsmouth and 
Newport Colony, from 1640 to 1647, S^^- 
1 eral recorder in 1648 and attorney-general 
i from 1650 to 1653, inclusive. In 1661-62 
he was a commissioner and from 1664 to 
1666, inclusive, was a deputy to the Gen- 
eral Court. He was general secretary of 
the Colony in 1664, 1665, 1668 and died in 
1677. His first wife, Mary, was one of the 
martyrs, executed on Boston Common, 
May 31, 1660. Their eldest child, Samuel 
Dyer, baptized December 20, 1635, in 
Boston, lived in Newport and Kingstown, 
Rhode Island, and died in 1678. He was 
appointed. May 21, 1669, one of two con- 
servators of peace with the Narragansett 
Country and was long active in promot- 
ing its settlement. He married Anne 
Hutchinson, daughter of Captain Edward 
and Catherine (Hanby) Hutchinson, bap- 
tized November 19, 1643, granddaughter 
of the famous Anne Hutchinson of the 
RTassachusetts Bay Colony, great-grand- 
daughter of Rev. Francis Marbury and 
grand-niece of the poet Dryden. She was 
descended from Edward Hutchinson of 
Alford, England, through his son, Wil- 
liam Hutchinson, and his wife, Anne Mar- 
low. Edward Dyer, third son of Samuel 
and Anne (Hutchinson) Dyer, born in 
1670, was a house carpenter and owned 
a farm in North Kingstown, Rhode Is- 
land. He married Mary Green, who was 
born July 8, 1677, in Warwick, daughter 
of William and Mary (Sayles) Green, a 
great-granddaughter of Roger Williams. 
Edward Dyer, eldest child of Edward and 
Mary (Green) Dyer, born January 6, 1701, 
in North Kingstown, lived in that town, 
was made a freeman May i, 1722, and was 
deputy to the General Court in 1748. He 
was the father of Edward Dyer, born 
1725, in North Kingstown, made a free- 
man in 1752. He married, November 29, 
1750, Elizabeth Fish, who was probably a 



daughter of Jeremiah and Mary Fish of 
South Kingstown. Their fifth son, Henry 
Dyer, born July 12, 1759, in North Kings- 
town, was a pioneer settler in Shaftsbury, 
Vermont. He was a man of much mental 
capacity and as a youth was so eager for 
knowledge that he traveled three miles 
twice a day in order to attend school. He 
was very much interested in mathematics 
and was often wont to calculate in 
his mind mathematical problems quicker 
than his sons could master them with 
pencil. He settled in Manchester, Ben- 
nington County, Vermont, where he had 
a fine farm and died January 2, 1855. He 
married, March 19, 1787, Sarah Coy, and 
they had children: Moses, Anna, Olive, 
Lydia, Rufus, Dennis, David, Daniel, 
Louis and Heman. 

Heman Dyer, grandson of Henry and 
Sarah (Coy) Dyer, was born, 1847, in Man- 
chester, where he grew up, attending the 
public schools and a seminary. About 
1878 he removed to Rock Falls, Illinois, 
where he conducted a mercantile business 
and was postmaster for several years. In 
1885 he removed to Pasadena, California, 
and there engaged in the real estate busi- 
ness and was long in the public service. 
For twenty-eight years preceding his 
death he was city clerk of Pasadena. He 
was buried December i, 1920. He was an 
active member and Deacon of the Con- 
gregational Church, a thirty-second de- 
gree Scottish Rite Mason, served as State 
treasurer of the Royal Arcanum and was 
a member of the Modern Woodmen and 
Knights of the Maccabees. Politically, a 
Republican, he was many times unani- 
mously elected city clerk of Pasadena, be- 
ing supported by both parties. He mar- 
ried Sarah Elizabeth Worrell, who was 
born in the vicinity of Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania. Their only surviving child is 
the subject of this biography. 



181 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Kirk Worrell Dyer was born January 
31, 1882, in Rock Falls, Illinois, and was a 
small child when his parents removed to 
California. There he attended the public 
schools, graduating from the high school 
in 1899, and was subsequently a student 
at Throop Institute, now the California 
Institute of Technology, from which he 
was graduated in 1902 with the degree of 
S. B. in Chemistry. For some time fol- 
lowing he was employed as chemist in 
a beet sugar factory and was subse- 
quently employed in the city treasurer's 
office of Pasadena, where he was chief 
deputy treasurer and tax collector for two 
years. Pursuing further studies at the 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, in 
the years of 1905-07, he received the de- 
gree of Bachelor of Science. In the mean- 
time he pursued a summer course at the 
University of Greenoble, France, and was 
for one year following this chemical en- 
gineer for the Opaque Shade Cloth Com- 
pany of West Pullman, Illinois. After 
spending a short time in California in 1910 
he purchased a half interest in the Frisbie 
Motor Company of Middletown, becom- 
ing its secretary and treasurer, and in 
April, 1920, succeeded B. A. Frisbie as 
president of the company. Mr. Dyer has 
contributed in no small degree to the 
great growth and prosperity of this in- 
stitution. He occupies a beautiful home 
in Cromwell, formerly the home of the 
late Frank Allison Pierson of that town. 
Mr. Dyer is still a member of the Con- 
gregational Church at Pasadena. In po- 
litical principle he is a Republican and has 
been allied with the Progressive wing of 
that party. In 1913 he represented Crom- 
well in the State Legislature and was sub- 
sequently a candidate on the Progressive 
ticket for member of the State Senate. 
He has been several years a member of 
the Cromwell School Committee, of which 



he was chairman five years. He now 
represents the county and is secretary of 
the board in control of the Norwich State 
Hospital. In 1907 Mr. Dyer was married 
to Ruth (Coe) Pierson, widow of Frank 
Allison Pierson, born in Providence, 
Rhode Island, daughter of Orian Ward 
Coe and granddaughter of Osborn Coe of 
Cromwell and Pasadena. Mr. and Mrs. 
Pierson were the parents of a son, Frank 
Orian Ward Pierson, who now resides 
with Mr. and Mrs. Dyer. The latter are 
the parents of two daughters, Esther 
Lavinia and Margaret Elizabeth. 



ATKINS, Thomas Jefferson, 
Agricnltnrist. 

A prosperous and well known farmer 
of West Long Hill district, Middletown, 
Middlesex County, Connecticut, Mr. At- 
kins is of English descent, and resides 
on a homestead which has been in the 
possession of the Atkins family for gen- 
erations. The name of Atkins bears many 
spellings in early American records ; in 
fact, it is still used under various spellings 
in the United States. Among the old 
English spellings is Atkyns, and it fre- 
quently appears in this country as Adkins. 
Several of the early New England immi- 
grants bore the name, including Joseph 
Atkins of Roxbury in 1630 and Abraham 
Atkins, residing in Boston in 1642. 

Luke Atkins was in New Haven as 
early as 1639, and married there (second) 
May I, 165 1, Mary, daughter of Deacon 
Richard Piatt of New Haven. He does 
not appear in New Haven records after 
that date and probably moved to Middle- 
town. His widow married, January 3, 
1677, in Middletown, Thomas Wetmore. 
Josiah Atkins, undoubtedly a son of Luke 
by the latter's first marriage, lived in 
Middletown and received four acres of 
182 




MlroJ—J^^l^i^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



land in an allotment there, not far from 
the present home of many of his descend- 
ants, on West Long Hill. He died Sep- 
tember 12, 1690. He married, October 
8, 1673, his step-sister, Elizabeth Wet- 
more, born 1648, daughter of Thomas 
Wetmore. Jlphraim Atkins, fourth son 
of Josiah, born March 9, 1685, lived in 
Middletown and died December 26, 1760. 
He married, June 16, 1709, Elizabeth Wet- 
more, born September 2, 1685, eldest child 
of Thomas, Jr., and Elizabeth (Hubbard) 
Wetmore. Elizabeth Hubbard, born Jan- 
uary 15, 1659, in Middletown, was the 
youngest child of George Hubbard, the 
patriarch. She was married, February 
20, 1684, to Thomas Wetmore, who was 
born October 19, 1652, and died February 
I, 1689. She died December 6, 1725. 

The eldest son of Ephraim Atkins was 
Thomas Atkins, born April 5, 1710, lived 
on Long Hill and built a house there in 
1734, a short distance northwest of the 
present handsome home of his descendant, 
whose name heads this article. He mar- 
ried, August 6, 1735, Martha Miller, born 
March 28, 1705, daughter of "Governor" 
Benjamin Miller and granddaughter of 
Thomas Miller, the Middletown pioneer. 
Ithamar Atkins, only son of Thomas 
and Martha (Miller) Atkins, born Novem- 
ber 16, 1757, was a prominent figure in 
the town, residing on the spot now occu- 
pied by T. J. Atkins, where he built a 
brick house in 1807. His farm embraced 
more than eight hundred acres of land, 
much of which is still in possession of his 
descendants. He was possessed of a 
strong mind, was industrious and capable, 
and achieved unusual success in life. He 
married, November 27, 1783, Anna Hub- 
bard, born October 18, 1762, twelfth child 
of Nehemiah Hubbard and Sarah Sill, de- 
scended from George Hubbard, the patri- 
arch. Ithamar Atkins died January 27, 
1829, and his wife April 11, 1838. 



Albert Atkins, sixth and youngest son 
of Ithamar and Anna (Hubbard) Atkins, 
was born September 14, 1804, on the pa- 
ternal homestead and lived there all his 
life, dying January 30, 1881, as the result 
of over-exertion in building a stone wall. 
The strain of severe labor brought on 
pleurisy, which was succeeded by con- 
sumption. Like all of his tribe, he had a 
strong will, was industrious, and pros- 
pered accordingly. He was three years of 
age when his parents moved to the house 
built by his father, which continued to 
be his home through life. The district 
school of the day furnished the founda- 
tion of his education, and he also attended 
a select school in Middletown. In early 
life he was a successful teacher, and 
among his pupils was his first wife, the 
mother of his children. Ambitious for a 
military career, frail health prevented the 
attainment of his hopes. In association 
with his elder brother, Henry, he man- 
aged the home farm for some years, and 
after the death of his father, he acquired 
its ownership by purchasing the interests 
of the other heirs. Of medium height and 
solid build, he was able to accomplish 
much by his own labor, and did not flinch 
from the eflfort. His labors were guided 
by intelligence, and he left a fine property 
to his heirs. Gifted with intelligence and 
a fine memory, he acquired much informa- 
tion of a practical nature, was often con- 
sulted by his neighbors, who found no 
cause for regret in following his advice. 
His methods of agriculture were in ad- 
vance of his time, he was possessed of de- 
termination and independence, and none 
were left in doubt as to his position on 
any subject that engaged his attention. 
A faithful supporter of the Methodist 
Church, as the exponent of his religious 
views, and an equally ardent supporter of 
Democratic principles in politics, he was 
respected by adversaries and adherents 



183 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



alike, and exercised a wide influence. 
Though not a seeker for office, he yielded 
to the solicitation of his townsmen in fill- 
ing local stations. Originality was a 
marked feature of his character, he read 
much, was a close observor, and was 
much above the average of men in mental 
capacity and influence. He respected 
character in others, and was a strong ad- 
vocate of temperance as an influence in 
moulding character. Mr. Atkins married, 
January i, 1836, Susan Eliza Hale, born 
March 5, 1814, in Middlefield, died Octo- 
ber 20, 1864, daughter of Joseph and Julia 
(Stowe) Hale. Julia Stowe was a daugh- 
ter of Joshua Stowe, a very prominent 
citizen of Middlefield and Middletown, 
twenty years postmaster in the latter 
town. Mr. and Mrs. Atkins were the 
parents of four children, as follows: i. 
Frances, born July 16, 1837, died unmar- 
ried January 30, 1862. 2. Marion, born 
September 7, 1841, was married, April 25, 
1866, to Leonidas C. Vinal, a druggist of 
Middletown, and died February 13, 1869. 
3. Osmin, born January 6, i8zJ4, graduated 
from Wesleyan University at Middletown 
in 1866 and from Columbia University in 
1868. He engaged in the practice of law 
in New York City, but his health broke 
down and, after endeavoring to recuperate 
by visiting Florida, Minnesota and other 
parts, he died at Middletown Springs, 
Vermont, September 17, 1871, and was 
buried in Pine Grove Cemetery, Middle- 
town, Connecticut. He married, July 13, 
1868, Cordelia Knowlton of Maine. The 
fourth child, Thomas Jefferson, receives 
further mention below. 

Thomas Jefiferson Atkins, youngest and 
only surviving child of Albert and Susan 
E. (Hale) Atkins, is a worthy son of a 
\yorthy father, whose memory he justly 
reveres, was born August 18, 1846, in a 
house that stood on the site of his present 



VvM^'"''" 



residence. He inherits the most promin- 
ent characteristics for which the Atkins 
family is notable, is well read, and a keen 
and intelligent observer of events and an 
original thinker. In boyhood he attended 
the district school on Long Hill, was 
later a student at the celebrated prepara- 
tory school of Daniel H. Chase in Mid- 
dletown City and taught school in his 
home district. At the age of twenty-two 
years, he went to Minneapolis, Minnesota, 
where he attended a preparatory class at 
the State University and found employ- 
ment in a flouring mill and a planing 
mill. At the request of his father, he re- 
turned to his native place to take charge 
of the cultivation of the homestead. Agri- 
culture has taken much of his attention, 
he has always been accustomed to take 
part in the labors of the farm until a very 
recent period, when the bulk of the home- 
stead was rented to a neighbor. Though 
he has advanced beyond the allotted years 
of man, he is still found actively engaged 
in such labors as are necessary about a 
country homestead. In 1915 the home 
built by his grandfather was taken down, 
and he erected on its site a thoroughly 
modern house, equipped with every mod- 
ern convenience, where he may rest when 
fatigued by his activities. He has em- 
ployed his leisure in pursuing investiga- 
tions of many subjects, as well as peru- 
sal of current literature, and is never at 
a loss for a topic of conversation with 
either the ignorant or the learned. He 
despises empty show and upstart pride, 
is modest and unpretentious in person, 
but ^quick to recognize merit in others. 
He is the owner of considerable real 
estate outside of Middletown, is a sound 
and conservative business man, a shrewd 
investor, whose judgment is everywhere 
respected. He is a charter member of 
Mattabessett Grange, a consistent up- 
!4 ' < i it 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



holder of Democratic principles, but has 
rarely consented to become a candidate 
for office. For many years he served as 
justice of the peace. 

Mr. Atkins married, in Minneapolis, 
October 9, 1872, Mary M. House, who 
was born August 18, 1852, in Manchester, 
New Hampshire, daughter of Josiah and 
Hannah House. She was a capable and 
faithful helpmeet, a loving companion, 
whose loss by death, February 14, 1883, 
was a heavy blow to her husband and 
children. Of the latter, only one, a daugh- 
ter, Grace M., now survives. The eldest, 
George R., born January 31, 1874, died 
December 20, 1920, at Vero, Florida. 
Albert, born December 2, 1878, died Jan- 
uary 8, 1883. Richard H., born June 13, 
1882, resided at home and died May 23, 
1909. 



BACON, Louis Paddock, 
Merchant, Plnmbiug and Steam Fitting. 

A worthy and respected member of 
the ancient family which participated in 
the first settlement of Middletown, Mr. 
Bacon is identified with an important 
industry of the city. Nathaniel Bacon 
came from England and was among the 
settlers of Middletown. His son, Nathan- 
iel, was an extensive land owner in the 
town, and died in 1759. He married Han- 
nah Wetmore and their second son, Ben- 
jamin Bacon, was born November 28, 
1708, lived in Middletown and married 
Rhoda Miller. Their second son, Phineas 
Bacon, born October 19, 1744, was a tan- 
ner, innkeeper and farmer, and died, in 
1716. He married, December 25, 1766, 
his cousin, Sarah Atkins, born Decem- 
ber 27, 1745, daughter of Thomas and 
Martha (Miller) Atkins. Benjamin Bacon, 
eldest child of Phineas and Sarah, born 
November 17, 1767, died in 1840. He 



married December 22, 1788, Abiah Corn- 
wall, who was born February 18, 1763, in 
Middletown, seventh daughter of Lieu- 
tenant Nathaniel and Mary (Cornwall) 
Cornwall, of Westfield. Benjamin Bacon, 
eldest child of Benjamin and Abiah 
(Cornwall) Bacon, born October 2, 1789, 
lived with his grandfather, Phineas Bacon, 
until the death of the latter. The man- 
agement of the paternal homestead came 
into his hands. He died December 20, 
1881, in his ninety-third year, in posses- 
sion of all his faculties. He married 
Lavinia Wilcox, born January 31, 1797, 
third daughter of Joseph and Miriam (Ba- 
con) Wilcox. Mr. Bacon bears in his 
veins the blood of many Middletown 
pioneers. 

Phineas Bacon, third son of Benjamin 
and Abiah (Cornwall) Bacon, was born 
November 4, 1795, in the Westfield sec- 
tion of Middletown, was a farmer in early 
life and later, operated a grist mill on 
West River, within the limits of the pres- 
ent city of Middletown, at the power now 
occupied by the I. E. Palmer hammock 
factory. He died October 29, 1882, in 
Newfield. He was a very active man, a 
member of the North Church, and a Re- 
publican from the organization of the 
party. He married, June 9, 1823, Sarah 
Paddock, born February 18, 1800, bap- 
tized at the North Church, October 12, 
1883, "two or three years old." She was 
a daughter of Seth and Lucinda (Ken- 
yon) Paddock of Middletown, descended 
from Robert Paddock, who was in Plym- 
outh, Massachusetts, as early as 1643, 
probably earlier, and died July 25, 1650. 
His second son, Zachariah Paddock, born 
March 20, 1636, lived in that part of Barn- 
stable now Yarmouth, Massachusetts, 
where he died May i, 1727, in his eighty- 
eighth year. He married Deborah Sears, 
dauarhter of Richard Sears, who had a 



I8S 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



wife Dorothy and lived early in Dart- 
mouth. Deborah Sears was born there 
in September, 1639, and died August 17, 
1732, "lacking about a month of being 
ninety-three years old." She was admit- 
ted to the Second Church of Yarmouth 
by letter from the First Church, August 
16, 1727. They left forty-eight grand- 
children and thirty-eight great-grand- 
children, thirty of the latter being de- 
scendants of their second son, Zachariah. 
Robert Paddock, the fourth son, was born 
January 17, 1670, and lived in Yarmouth. 
There he married, March 6, 1702, Martha 
Hall, born May 24, 1670, daughter of John 
and Priscilla (Pearce) Hall. Their sec- 
ond son, Seth Paddock, was born March 
13, 1705, in Yarmouth and married there, 
April 13, 1727, Mercy Nickerson, who was 
born November 22, 1706, daughter of John 
and Elizabeth Nickerson of that town. 

Zachariah Paddock, son of Seth and 
Mercy (Nickerson) Paddock, born 1728, 
was the first of the family in Middletown, 
where he settled as early as 1751. His 
first land was purchased from Samuel 
Warner, Sr., the deed dated July 24, 175 1, 
the amount one-fourth acre, price three 
hundred pounds. Subsequently he pur- 
chased of Andrew Bacon two other par- 
cels amounting to nearly forty-seven 
square rods. It is apparent that he was a 
mechanic or professional man, as his land 
was of small dimension and located in 
the village, now city. He died in Middle- 
town, May 13, 1800, in his seventy-second 
year. He married Hannah Smith, step- 
daughter of John Birdsey of (now) Mid- 
dlefield, whose wife was a widow Smith 
from Long Island. They had seven sons 
and one daughter, the latter being the 
last. Seth Paddock, third son of Zach- 
ariah and Hannah (Smith) Paddock, born 
in 1756, in Middletown, was a well-known 
resident of Middletown, a forceful, practi- 



cal man and useful citizen. He died in 1839. 
He married, January 7, 1779, Phebe John- 
son, baptized June 3, 1759, died 1827, 
daughter of Elijah and Mary (Hall) John- 
son of Middletown, descended from John 
Johnson, who came from England in 1630 
and settled at Roxbury. He was made a 
freeman there in May, 1631, was repre- 
sentative in the first General Court in 
1634 and many years afterward, was a 
member, in 1638, of the Ancient and Hon- 
orable Artillery Company of Boston, in 
charge of arms and ammunition. He died 
September 30, 1657, leaving a good estate, 
and his wife, Margery, who came with 
him from England, was buried June 9, 
1655. Their eldest son, Isaac Johnson, 
born in England, was a freeman of Rox- 
bury, March 4, 1635, a member of the 
Artillery Company, 1645, captain in 1667, 
representative in General Court in 1671. 
He was killed at the head of his company 
in the "Narragansett Fight" with Indians 
December 19, 1675. He married, January 
20, 1637, Elizabeth Porter, and they were 
parents of Isaac Johnson, baptized Janu- 
ary 17, 1644, settled at Middletown, 
where he died February 3, 1720, leaving 
a good estate. He married, December 26, 
1669, in Roxbury, Mary Harris, who died 
August I, 1740. Their fourth son, Joseph 
Johnson, born March 9, 1677, in Middle- 
town, died November 12, 1739, and was 
buried on Farm Hill. He married, Janu- 
ary 25, 1698, Elizabeth Blake, who died 
March 24, 1720. Their eldest son, Joseph 
Johnson, born August 26, 1702, died April 
30, 1768, was admitted to full communion 
at the First Church. He married (first) 
February 2, 1726, Mehitable Hamlin. 
They were the parents of Elijah Johnson, 
born December 3, 1734, baptized six days 
old, married, July 19, 1756, Mary Hall. 
Their daughter, Phebe, became the wife 
of Seth Paddock, as above related. 
186 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



James Paddock, second son of Seth and 
Phebe (Johnson) Paddock, was born July 
5, 1784, and lived in Middletown. He 
married, January i, 1803, Grace Roberts, 
who was born January 26, 1784, daughter 
of Jonathan and Lucy (Fairchild) Roberts 
of Middletown, died January 28, 1867. 

Seth J. Paddock, third son of James and 
Grace, was born November 22, 1810, in 
Middletown, lived in Cromwell from the 
time he was four years old, and was a 
farmer and builder, dying May 12, 1888. 
He married, December 4, 1833, Lucinda 
Kenyon, who was born December 9, 1807, 
died July 20, 1902, daughter of Green and 
Hannah (Armstrong) Kenyon, natives 
respectively, of Point Judith, Rhode Is- 
land, and Lebanon, Connecticut. Emma 
Paddock, fourth daughter of Seth J. and 
Lucinda (Kenyon) Paddock, became the 
wife of Charles W. Bacon, as recorded 
below. Sarah Paddock, daughter of 
James, became the wife of Phineas Bacon, 
as above shown. 

Charles William Bacon, son of Phineas 
and Sarah, was born August 4, 1838, in 
Newfield, was a farmer there, on the 
paternal homestead, and died in the house 
where he was born April 30, 191 5. He 
engaged in general farming, was a mem- 
ber of the North Church, a Republican 
in politics, a man of domestic tastes, seek- 
ing no part in the conduct of public af- 
fairs. He married, in 1865, Emma Pad- 
dock, born September 2, 1845, sixth child 
of Seth J. and Lucinda (Kenyon) Pad- 
dock of Cromwell. Mr. and Mrs. Bacon 
were the parents of five children, namely : 
Willis E., now a resident of Newfield ; 
Louis P., mentioned further below ; 
Henry, a sketch of whom follows ; Minnie 
M., died at the age of fourteen years ; 
Alice, wife of Bertrand E. Spencer, an 
attorney of Middletown. 

Louis Paddock Bacon, second son of 



Charles W. Bacon, born July 6, 1870, on 
the paternal homestead in Newfield, has 
made his home in that section to the pres- 
ent time, most actively engaged in busi- 
ness with no vacation until 1922. He has 
never been ill, and has felt no occasion for 
extended rest. Beside the local school of 
his neighborhood he attended a private 
school maintained by Miss Patton in the 
city of Middletown. At the age of eight- 
een years he entered the employ of Ly- 
man D. Mills in Middletown, to learn the 
trade of tinner and plumber. There he 
industriously continued until his junior 
brother had completed the same appren- 
ticeship under the same preceptor, and 
was ready to join him in business on their 
own account. In 1899 they opened a shop 
and store at the corner of Main and Col- 
lege streets, and two years later moved 
to the Young Men's Christian Association 
building, where they have continued to 
the present time and built up a prosper- 
ous business, now employing from twen- 
ty-five to thirty-five people, according to 
the season. Mr. Louis P. Bacon gives 
his attention to the mechanical depart- 
ment, while his brother attends to the 
business management. Their store, where 
metal wares are retailed, is one of the 
most extensive in the city, and their job- 
bing department is one of the busiest. Mr. 
Bacon is a member of the North Church 
and a Republican in political principle, 
too busy to seek any political office, 
staunch in support of his principles. He 
married, in November, 1899, Nellie Owen 
Crane, born July 27, 1871, in Suffield, 
Connecticut, died June 16, 1921, daughter 
of George S. and Jennette D. (Owen) 
Crane of that town. The Crane family 
is one of the oldest and most numerously 
represented in New England, founded by 
Benjamin Crane, born about 1630, who 
was in Wethersfield, Connecticut, in 1655. 



187 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



In 1656 he had lands there, was made free- 
man in 1658 and was a farmer one mile 
south of the village, where he died May 
31, 1691, leaving an estate valued at £526 
and I2S. He married, April 23, 1655, 
Sarah, daughter of William and Sarah 
(Charles) Backus. Their son. Lieutenant 
Jonathan Crane, born December i, 1658, 
lived in Windham, Norwich and Lebanon, 
dying June 6, 1735. For several years he 
was deputy from Windham. He married, 
December 19, 1678, Deborah Griswold, 
born May, 1661, daughter of Francis 
Griswold, of Wethersfield. John Crane, 
second son of Lieutenant Jonathan Crane 
and Deborah (Griswold) Crane, born Oc- 
tober I, 1687, received lands from his 
father in what is now Coventry, married, 
September 16, 1708, Sarah Spencer, who 
died September 15, 1715. John Crane, 
eldest child of John and Sarah (Spencer) 
Crane, born July 31, 1709, received land in 
Wethersfield from his grandfather and 
purchased more. His last days were passed 
in Becket, Massachusetts, where he died 
March 9, 1793. He married (second), No- 
vember II, 1742, Sarah Hutchinson, who 
was the mother of his fifth son, Elijah 
Crane, born February 22, 1746, in Lebanon. 
He was one of the first settlers of Washing- 
ton, Massachusetts, in 1760, and died there 
January 15, 1818. He married Sarah Hill 
of Woburn, Massachusetts, who survived 
him a short time and died September 11, 
1819, in Canton, New York. Their second 
son, Amos Crane, born December 17, 
1774, lived in Washington, where he died 
July 25, 1863, having been thirty-two 
years a member of the Methodist Church. 
He married, October 30, 1799, Martha 
Remington, of Suffield, who died Novem- 
ber 16, 1841. Their eldest son, Amos 
Crane, was born November 5, 1802, in 
Washington, where he continued farming 
until 1847, when he removed to Suffield, 



Connecticut. In 1842 he was a member 
of the Massachusetts Legislature and in 
Connecticut in 1853. 

He married, September 26, 1828, Fanny 
Lewis, of Suffield, and they were parents 
of George S. Crane, born August 27, 1831, 
who was a farmer and dealer in agricul- 
tural implements in Suffield. He married, 
March 23, 1859, Jennette D. Owen, and 
they were the parents of Nellie O. Crane, 
who became the wife of Louis P. Bacon. 
Mr. and Mrs. Bacon were the parents of 
a son and two daughters. The latter died 
in early childhood. The son, Charles 
Burton Bacon, born March 13, 1906, is a 
student at the Middletown High School. 



BACON, Henry, 

Merchant, Manufacturer. 

The ancestry of Mr. Bacon is given at 
considerable length above (see Bacon, L. 
P.) and includes many individuals identi- 
fied with the settlement and development 
of Middletown through eight generations. 
Among these the old New England spirit 
of industry, thrift and high moral purpose 
predominated, and among the descend- 
ants are found many earnest in carrying 
out the high ideals of their forebears. 

Henry Bacon, third son of Charles W. 
Bacon, was born October 20, 1874, in 
Newfield, and has shared in developing an 
important business in the city of Middle- 
town, in association with his elder brother 
above referred to. Henry Bacon attended 
the district school near his native home, 
a private school in Middletown, conducted 
by Miss Patton, and was a student at a 
Hartford business college, becoming well 
prepared for the business career which 
has enhanced his credit as a steady-going 
and industrious citizen. When eighteen 
years old he entered the shop of Lyman 
D. Mills in Middletown, where he be- 



^^-~A.a^4j&0 




/tf^-<MS^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



came master of the plumbing and heating 
industry. After seven years in this train- 
ing, he embarked in business, as above re- 
lated, in association with his brother, 
under the title of Bacon Brothers. This 
title has become a synonym for stability, 
faithfulness and efficiency. The propri- 
etors of the business are well convinced 
of the truth of Benjamin Franklin's pre- 
cept : "He who by the plow would thrive, 
himself must either hold or drive," and 
are found attending diligently to busi- 
ness in the hours appropriated for that 
purpose, and each employee is impressed 
with the importance of upholding the 
principle of proper service so necessary in 
maintaining any business which under- 
takes to serve the public. Since Febru- 
ary, 1903, the establishment has been 
housed in the Young Men's Christian 
Association building, and has enjoyed a 
continuously growing patronage. Henry 
Bacon is a member of the North Church, 
where many of his ancestors have wor- 
shipped, is a member of St. John's Lodge, 
No. 2, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, 
one of the great fraternal and benevolent 
organizations, and is a supporter of Re- 
publican policies in government. He has 
always resided in Newfield, and now occu- 
pies what is known as the Captain Daniel 
Bacon place in that section. 

He married, March 13, 1917, Phebe 
Scoville, born at Maromas, daughter of 
Henry Scoville, a farmer of that section. 



DAVIS, Charles Talcott, 

Agriculturist. 

As a patronymic, Davis is of Welch 
origin, and signifies "David's son." The 
founder of the family herein considered 
was John Davis, early in Ipswich, Mas- 
sachusetts, later in New London, Con- 
necticut. His son, Andrew Davis, lived 



in New London and was the father of 
Solomon Davis, the first of the name in 
Killingworth, Connecticut. He married 
there December 28, 1709, Sarah Hayton 
or Hayden, and they were the parents of 
Samuel Davis, born about 1725-30. With 
his wife, Elizabeth, he lived in Killing- 
worth, had five children, the eldest born 
in 1753. The youngest of these, Lemual 
Davis, born, probably after 1760, lived in 
Killingworth with his wife, Jemima, and 
had five children, the eldest born in 1783. 
This one died in infancy, and the second 
of the same name, Peter Davis, was a 
farmer residing on Pea Hill in Killing- 
worth. He married Polly Kelsey, and 
they were the parents of Alvin Davis, 
born December 14, 1807, on Pea Hill, 
there grew to manhood and passed his 
life, engaged in agriculture. He was a 
man of intelligence and independent mind, 
industrious and economical, and became 
quite prosperous. Though not an intense 
partizan, he was a staunch supporter of 
Democratic principles. He died Decem- 
ber 14, i860, and was buried in the Stone- 
house Cemetery. He married, November 
28, 1827, Julia Wright, who was born 
June 3, 1807, daughter of Jesse and Nancy 
(Hull) Wright. Jesse Wright, born 1786, 
was a farmer in the Pine Orchard district 
of Killingworth, and died in 1878. He 
was a descendant of James Wright, un- 
doubtedly of English ancestry, although 
some people claim the name is of Scotch 
origin. The first mention of James 
Wright is found in the Congregational 
Church records of Milford, Connecticut. 
He married Hannah Sanford, of that 
place. His second wife, Bethiah, was the 
mother of Daniel Wright. Daniel Wright 
was born June 23, 1723, recorded in Dur- 
ham, where he lived with his wife, Lucy, 
whither James Wright removed from Mil- 
ford before 1707. He was a member of 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the committee from Durham which set- 
tled the boundary line between that town 
and Guilford. Their son, Ashur Wright, 
born May 9, 1755, in Durham, was a 
farmer of that town, where he married 
Beulah Strong, born March 13, 1757, 
daughter of Lieutenant Eliakim and Han- 
nah (Seward) Strong. Jesse Wright, their 
son, was a farmer in KillingTvorth, and 
married Nancy Hull. 

The Strong family is one of the oldest 
and most prolific in New England, was 
founded by Elder John Strong, who was 
born in 1605, in Taunton, England, and 
arrived in Massachusetts, May 30, 1630. 
The family was originally located in 
Shropshire, and by marriage with an 
heiress of Griffith County, Caernarvon, 
Wales, secured a residence in that prin- 
cipality. Of this family was Richard 
Strong, born in 1551, removed in 1590 to 
Taunton, Somersetshire, England, where 
he died in 1613. His son, John Strong, 
lived at London and Plymouth, and came 
to New England, as above related, in the 
ship "Mary and John." In 1635 he was 
among the founders of Dorchester, was 
admitted a freeman at Boston, March 9, 
1636, and was a proprietor of Taunton, 
Massachusetts, December 4, 1638. He 
was prominent in that community, repre- 
sented the town at the general court of 
Plymouth in 1641-43-44-45. Later he re- 
moved to Windsor, Connecticut, and was 
one of a committee appointed to advance 
the settlement of that place. In 1659, he 
was among the active founders and set- 
tlers of Northampton, Massachusetts, 
where he engaged in business as a tanner, 
and was long the ruling elder of the 
church there and died April 14, 1699. His 
first wife died on the passage to America 
and he married, in December, 1630, Abi- 
gail Ford. Thomas, son of John Strong, 
born between 1630 and 1640, at Windsor, 



was a trooper there in 1648 under Major 
Mason. With his father, he removed to 
Northampton, where he died October 3, 
1689. He married, December 5, 1660, 
Mary, daughter of Rev. Ephraim Hewitt 
of Windsor. She died February 20, 1671. 
Their eldest child, Thomas Strong, born 
November 16, 1661, removed shortly 
after 1708 to Durham, Connecticut, where 
he was a farmer. He married, November 
17, 1683, Mary Stebbins, born Septem- 
ber 10, 1666, daughter of John and Abi- 
gail (Bartlett) Stebbins, of Northamp- 
ton. Lieutenant Eliakim Strong, son of 
Thomas and Mary, born September 26, 
1688, was a farmer in Northampton and 
removed after 1725 to Durham, where he 
engaged in farming, and died January 24, 
1746. He married, April 13, 1712, Me- 
hitable King, born March 13, 1690, daugh- 
ter of John and Mehitable (Pomeroy) 
King of Northampton, the latter born 
July 3, 1666, daughter of Medad Pomeroy. 

Lieutenant Eliakim Strong, eldest son 
of Eliakim and Mehitable, born March 7, 
1720, was a large farmer for many years 
in Durham. In 1693 he removed with his 
sons to Durham, New York, where he 
died in 1800. He married, June 3, 1751, 
Hannah Seward, born February 21, 1730, 
in Durham, daughter of Lieutenant Joseph 
and Hannah (Crane) Seward of that 
town. Their daughter, Beulah Strong, 
became the wife of Ashur Wright as be- 
fore noted, and the mother of Jesse 
Wright, grandmother of Julia Wright, 
who became the wife of Alvin Davis. 
Ashur Wright was a soldier of the Revo- 
lution and died in 1853. 

Sydney Talcott Davis, eldest son of 
Alvin and Julia, was born June 24, 1837, 
on Pea Hill, where he grew to manhood. 
He is the subject of extended mention 
elsewhere. He married, January 28, 1858, 
Mary Ann Nettleton, who was born 



190 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



March 19, 1840, in Barton, Tioga County, 
New York, died May 14, 1922, in Hart- 
ford, Connecticut, daughter of Heman and 
Jerusha (Norton) Nettleton. Heman Net- 
tleton was born November 16, 1802, in 
Killingworth, where he died September 
25, 1882, having returned to his native 
place in old age. Jerusha Norton, born 
August II, 1799, died March i, 1867. 

Charles Talcott Davis, second son of 
Sydney Talcott, was born January 12, 
1865, in Killingworth, was early accus- 
tomed to the life and activities of the farm 
and attended the district school of the 
neighborhood. At the age of sixteen 
years he came to Middletown and entered 
the employ of the late Richard Davis, an 
extensive farmer and dairyman. Young 
Davis drove the milk wagon delivering 
to customers in Middletown and helped 
in the labors of the establishment in many 
capacities. After eleven years of this 
healthful exercise he purchased an in- 
terest in the feed business of Coe & Cro- 
well, which was continued one year by 
the firm of Coe & Davis, after which Mr. 
Davis settled on the farm where he now 
resides, adjoining that of Richard Davis, 
on West Long Hill. This farm had long 
been in possession of the Hubbard fam- 
ily, and embraces one hundred acres of 
finely located land. It is fitted with hand- 
some buildings and all the equipment of 
a modern farm. For many years Mr. 
Davis conducted a dairy and delivered 
milk in the city, and also dealt in cattle, 
which busy occupations brought him a 
competence. He has turned attention to 
other interests, and is now secretary of 
the Walter Hubbard Realty Company, 
which handles property in Meriden and 
Middletown, left by the late Walter Hub- 
bard of the former city. Mr. Davis is 
also a director of the Middletown Savings 
Bank, the Central National Bank, and the 



Middletown Trust Company. As an ener- 
getic and sound business man, he enjoys 
the esteem and confidence of his associ- 
ates. He is a member of Apollo Lodge, 
No. 33, Knights of Pythias, and has long 
been active in Grange work. He is a 
member of Mattabesset Grange No. 42, 
of Pomona Central Grange, No. i, and is 
a past master of the State Grange and 
now a member of its executive committee. 
He is an attendant of the North Church 
in Middletown and ever ready to foster 
every forward and upward movement. He 
married, October 11, 1893, Grace L. Hub- 
bard, who was born April 17, 1870, daugh- 
ter of Ebenezer Prout and Maritta 
(Heath) Hubbard, a descendant of George 
Hubbard, patriarch of the Middletown 
family of that name. 

Nathaniel Hubbard, sixth child of 
George and Elizabeth (Watts) Hubbard, 
was born October 10, 1652, in Middle- 
town and lived at the cross roads on Long 
Hill, where he died May 20, 1738. He 
married. May 29, 1682, Mary Earle, born 
in 1663, in Northampton, Massachusetts, 
died April 6, 1732, daughter of John and 
Mary (Watts) Earle, who came to Mid- 
dletown. John Hubbard, second son of 
Nathaniel and Mary (Earle) Hubbard, 
was born November 28, 1692, in Middle- 
town and was a deacon of the First Church 
there from May 26, 1743, until his death, 
March 12, 1753. He married, August i, 
1722, Elizabeth Stowe, born January 10, 
1700, eldest daughter of John and Beth- 
sheba (How) Stowe, of Middletown, died 
May 9, 1764. Their fifth son, Jeremiah 
Hubbard, born October 27, 1732, died 
March 7, 1814. During the Revolution, 
he was captain of a company of militia 
which marched to East Guilford to defend 
the coast against a threatened attack of 
the British fleet. While there he attended 
church and was invited to a seat in the 



191 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



pew of Deacon Josiah Meigs. There he 
met Elizabeth Meigs, born February 3, 
1748, daughter of Josiah and Mary 
(Hand) Meigs, who became his wife June 
21, 1781. Both were admitted to full com- 
munion in the First Church of Middle- 
town January 18, 1784. Jeremiah Hub- 
bard, eldest child of Jeremiah and Betty 
(Meigs) Hubbard, was born March 29, 
1784, in Middletown, baptized July 25th 
of that year at the First Church, died 
March 25, 1863. In early manhood he 
traveled extensively in the South and, by 
trading, amassed a capital with which he 
returned to Middletown and purchased 
the farm of his grandfather, John Hub- 
bard, on Long Hill. He was a man of 
fine appearance, a good business man, a 
member of the North Church, and long 
served as justice of the peace. All his 
children enjoyed good educational oppor- 
tunities. He married, December 15, 1815, 
Eunice Prout, born in 1794, died Febru- 
ary 8, 1856, daughter of Ebenezer and 
Thankful (Prior) Prout of Johnson Lane 
(see Roberts, Chauncey W.). Eben Prout 
Hubbard, son of Jeremiah and Eunice, 
was born June 15, 1833, on the farm of his 
great-grandfather, which was owned by 
his father, and where Charles T. Davis 
now resides. Here he diligently pursued 
agriculture until his death, January 10, 
1894. Like most of the Hubbard family 
he adhered to the Democratic party in 
politics. In 1872 he erected the handsome 
mansion now occupied by his daughter. 
He married, March 27, 1866, Maritta H. 
Heath, born July 21, 1840. Grace L., 
youngest child of Eben P. Hubbard, be- 
came the wife of Charles T. Davis, as 
above related. They are the parents of: 
1. Abbott Hubbard Davis, now associated 
with the Mechanics' Bank of New Haven ; 
married Emma Louise Taylor, daughter 
of Giles and Lillian Taylor and has two 



children : Maritta Taylor and Abbott 
Hubbard, Jr. 2. Harold Heath Davis, a 
graduate of Syracuse University and now 
with Charles S. Parmer, architect, of New 
Haven ; married Esther Talcott Derby, 
daughter of Elmer G. and Alice Derby, 
and has a daughter Helen Hubbard. 



HUBBARD, Russell H., 

Mannfactnrer, 

One of the younger business men of 
New Britain, Connecticut, who is active 
in the industrial and civic affairs of that 
city, Russell H. Hubbard was born in 
Meriden, Connecticut, September 20, 1892, 
son of Charles E. and Addie C. (Wil- 
liams) Hubbard. He is a descendant of 
an old Colonial family, which has also 
been traced to an early date in England. 
The surname of Hubbard is very ancient 
and according to tradition in the Hub- 
bard family in England, the name is de- 
rived from Hubbs (Ubba or Ubbo), the 
Danish sea king, who, in the fall of 866, 
with an immense fleet and twenty thou- 
sand warriors, landed on the coast of 
East-Anglia or Kent to avenge the death 
of his father, Ragnar Lodbrog. The latter, 
whose invasions had made his name a 
cause of terror on the shores of the Baltic 
and the British Isles, after taking pos- 
session of Paris, planned an invasion of 
England. His expedition was wrecked on 
the coast of Northumbria, but Ragnar, 
with a band of his followers who reached 
the shore, heedless of their numerical in- 
feriority, began their usual career of dep- 
redation. At the first news of the descent 
of the Norsemen, the Northumbrians flew 
to the coast, fought the invaders, making 
Ragnar a prisoner. He was put to death 
at once, and is said to have consoled his 
last moments with the hope "that the 
cubs of the boar would avenge his fate." 



192 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Having spent the winter in fortifying 
his camp, and equipping his followers, 
Hubba, in February, 1867, seized York. 
Though the Northumbrians gave battle 
with desperate fury, Hubba's forces tri- 
umphed. They killed Osbert in battle 
but took prisoner Aella, his erstwhile rival 
chieftain, but now compatriot in fighting 
the common foe. Hubba and his follow- 
ers now gave themselves the pleasure of 
torturing to death the men who had 
thrown King Ragnar Lodbrog into a cage 
of snakes to be devoured. 

The victory gave Hubba and his brother 
Hingua undisputed possession of all the 
country south of the Tyne, and north of 
Nottingham. They continued to increase 
their dominions by victorious invasions 
of the surrounding country, their exploits 
filling one of the most thrilling chapters 
in early British history. Hubba was 
finally slain in his camp with twelve hun- 
dred of his followers by Odyn. Scattered 
across Britain and Wales have stood 
seven historic eminences each known as 
Hubba's Hill. 

For several centuries following the 
adoption of family surnames, there was 
great confusion in spelling, and the name 
of Hubbard was no exception to the rule. 
There are more than fifty different spell- 
ings of the name found on record, and 
even in America, the forms of Hubbard, 
Hubbert, Hubard, Hubert, Hobart, and 
Hobert are found. 

Several branches of the English family 
bore coats-of-arms. 

Russell H. Hubbard was educated in 
the public schools of Meriden and then 
entered the office of J. D. Bergen & Com- 
pany as bookkeeper, remaining for six 
years. At the end of that time he went to 
New Britain and in 1914 entered the em- 
ploy of the company of which he is now 
treasurer, the Beaton & Cadwell Manu- 
Conn. 11 — IS 193 



facturing Company. He started there as 
a bookkeeper and in due course of time 
proved himself worthy of greater re- 
sponsibility, and was promoted to the 
office of assistant secretary and secretary, 
respectively. In 1920 he was elected to 
the office he now holds, and it is safe to 
assume that by the time Mr. Hubbard 
arrives at the age when life spells success 
or failure to the man, it will be the former 
and well deserved. 

Mr. Hubbard is a member of the Colo- 
nial Club of Meriden; Meriden Center 
Lodge, Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows ; Center Lodge, No. 97, Ancient Free 
and Accepted Masons, of Meriden ; Gid- 
dings Chapter, No. 25, Royal Arch Ma- 
sons, of New Britain. 

He married Margaret O., daughter of 
Everett S. Geer of Hartford. Mrs. Hub- 
bard is a member of the Daughters of the 
American Revolution, of Hartford, and 
with Mr. Hubbard attends the South Con- 
gregational Church of New Britain. 



HARRAL, Edward Wright, 

Executive, Bnsiness Man. 

The city of Bridgeport, Connecticut, 
lost a citizen of intrinsic worth who could 
ill be spared from the scenes of his former 
activities, even at his advanced age, when 
Edward Wright Harral passed away, 
September 26, 1923, at the age of seventy- 
eight years. Public-spirited in the true 
sense of the term, gfiven to generously 
extending aid in any worthy movement, 
and helpfully active in religious afifairs, 
Mr. Harral's death is mourned by numer- 
ous friends and associates who admired 
him for his sterling qualities, wise coun- 
sel, mature judgment, patient forebear- 
ance and his righteous adherence to any 
project or debated subject in which he 
took a sincere and loyal part. He had 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the mettle and stamina of which good sol- 
diers are made, and but for his youthful 
years, on account of which he was rejected 
for service, he might have crowned an 
earlier career with laurels won on the field 
of battle. As it was, he had enlisted for 
the Civil War before it was discovered 
that, owing to his tender years, the au- 
thorities could not accept him even as a 
volunteer. No doubt the youthful enthu- 
siast was deeply disappointed at the turn 
of fate in those days of patriotic fervor 
and stirring scenes, but he conquered his 
displeasure and diverted his energy and 
mechanical skill into industrial lines ; and 
in his succeeding occupations and official 
connections in the business world he made 
of himself a commendable success. 

For many years he was regarded as one 
of the best business men of the State of 
Connecticut. He was widely known also 
as a devout member of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church, which he had served 
efficiently in an official capacity. Mr. 
Harral's quality of patriotism was given 
a splendid expression during the World 
War. He became an active member of 
the Third District Draft Board and gen- 
erously donated the use of a house on his 
property on "Golden Hill" for the dura- 
tion of the war. In spite of his advanced 
years, he gave more than his share of time 
and energy in attendance upon the numer- 
ous meetings and varied and multiform 
activities that devolved upon the people 
of the city of Bridgeport. No hour was 
too early, and none was too late for him 
when matters of the government were 
under consideration. The spacious dwell- 
ing on "Golden Hill," which he turned 
over to the use of the boys of the army 
and navy, will always serve as a monu- 
ment to his memory and to his indefatig- 
able devotion to his country. There are 
few men who have so fully realized the 



responsibilities that come to one as the 
steward of wealth as did Mr. Harral. 
Democracy, in its broadest sense, ever 
dominated his life, set down in the midst 
of affluence. He never lost that sense — 
the common touch — which recognizes the 
brotherhood of man. 

Perhaps no more fitting tribute to the 
life and service of Mr. Harral could be 
given than that contained in the resolu- 
tions adopted by his fellow-directors in 
the Morris Plan Bank of Bridgeport : 

Each day brings to all of us its measure of 
sadness and gladness, all in accordance with the 
order of Divine Providence. When one who has 
been near and dear to us receives the final sum- 
mons to appear before his Creator, those whom 
he leaves behind are saddened by the loss. The 
character of the life that we live leaves upon the 
community of which we are a part the impress 
of our lives. 

In the death of Mr. Edward W. Harral, of 
Bridgeport, Connecticut, who truly lived a life 
that was a striking example of Christian manhood, 
the bank which he so conscientiously and ably 
served has met with a severe loss. To his fam- 
ily we desire to express our most sincere sym- 
pathy. 

The Morris Plan Bank, of Bridgeport, at its 
directors' meeting, held on November 20, 1923, 
desires to express its appreciation for the many 
kindly acts of cooperation, and deems it a duty 
that it owes to one of its departed members to 
place itself on record in such a way as to express 
its appreciation for his many virtues. We desire 
to forward to the members of his family this ex- 
pression of sympathy in their great loss in the 
death of one whom they held so dear. 

Resolved, That we, the directors of the Morris 
Plan Bank of Bridgeport, at this meeting vote to 
forward to the members of his family a copy of 
this resolution. 

Edward Wright Harral, sixth child of 
Henry Kollock and Sarah Ann (Peet) 
Harral, was born in Bridgeport, Decem- 
ber 12, 1845. His lineage has for his first 
immigrant ancestor on his paternal side 
George Harral, born in the city of Heidel- 
berg, Germany, September 7, 1744, of 



194 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



English birth and only a German by acci- 
dent of birth. It is supposed that he emi- 
grated from Germany about the year 1765 
and landed in Charleston, South Carolina, 
where he married, in 1778, Barbara Ann 
Mullin. He served in the Colonial army 
during the Revolution as a capital soldier 
in the campaigns in the South, and gave 
an excellent account of himself. Edward 
Wright Harral was in the fourth genera- 
tion from the Americanized founder of 
the family name. His father, Henry Kol- 
lock Harral, sixth child of Dr. George and 
Charlotte (Wright) Harral, was born in 
Savannah, Georgia, November 26, 1808, 
died in Augusta, Georgia, May 10, 1854. 
He was named for Henry Kollock, pastor 
of the Independent Presbyterian Church 
of Savannah, 1806-19. Henry Kollock 
Harral went to Newark, New Jersey, 
where he was associated in the saddlery 
and harness manufacturing business with 
William Wright, afterward United States 
Senator from New Jersey. He later took 
charge of Mr. Wright's business interests 
at Charleston. A short time only elapsed 
when he purchased the Wright interests, 
placed his brother William in charge of 
the Charleston branch, while he came to 
New York City, where he took charge of 
the New York house, founded the manu- 
factory of his line of goods in the city of 
Bridgeport and took into partnership 
Philo C. Calhoun of that city. He early 
attained prominence as a business man 
and a citizen. For seven years he was 
mayor of Bridgeport. He married in that 
city, August 14, 1834, Sarah Ann Peet, 
daughter of William and Jemima (Tom- 
linson) Peet, descendant of one of the 
early Stratford families, and who was 
born March 5, 1806, and died December 
17, 1867. The Peets are of English origin, 
and members of the family took an active 
part in the early wars, thus giving the 



right to the children of Mr. and Mrs. 
Henry K. Harral to become members of 
those societies open only to descendants 
of colonial families. Mr. and Mrs. Henry 
Kollock Harral were the parents of six 
children : William Wright, Henry Hazel- 
ton, Helen Maria, Frederick Fanning, 
George, and Edward Wright Harral. 

After completing a course of study in 
the Bridgeport schools, Edward Wright 
Harral attended Marlborough Churchill's 
Military School at Ossining, New York, 
then regarded as the leading institution 
of its kind in the United States. At the 
outbreak of the Civil War he made a prac- 
tical demonstration of his sympathy with 
the Union cause by enlisting in the 14th 
Connecticut Volunteer Infantry. He was 
found to be under the required age, and 
he was not permitted to go to the seat of 
war. The industrial world then drew his 
attention, and he became associated with 
the firm of Lacey, Meeker & Co., manu- 
facturers of harness and saddles, remain- 
ing with them for ten years. He then 
became general agent for the Wheeler 
& Wilson Manufacturing Company at 
Bridgeport, and for four years represented 
that concern, his duties often requiring 
him to make extensive trips in the South- 
ern and Western States. Retiring from 
that position in 1880, he became connected 
with the then infant industry of the Fair- 
field Rubber Company. Mr. Harral, as 
has been stated, was also prominently 
active in church matters. He was a 
vestryman of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church of Philadelphia, and while a resi- 
dent of Fairfield, Connecticut, he was jun- 
ior warden of St. Paul's Protestant Epis- 
copal Church of that town. He was a 
vestryman of St. John's Protestant Epis- 
copal Church of Bridgepott for twenty- 
five years, and its senior warden from 
the year 1909 until his death. He was 



195 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



mainly of the Democratic persuasion, but 
his independence of thought and action 
led him on occasions to go outside his 
party, as he did when he cast his vote for 
McKinley in the Presidential campaign 
of 1896. 

Mr. Harral's diversified interests in- 
cluded the presidency of the Security 
Building Company; directorship in the 
Morris Plan Bank, Bridgeport; director- 
ship in the Mountain Grove Cemetery 
Association ; membership in the finance 
board of the Young Women's Christian 
Association, Bridgeport ; and directorship 
in the Bridgeport Christian Union. 

Mr. Harral married (first) Julia, daugh- 
ter of Hiram and Polly (Penoyer) Crissy, 
of New Canaan, Connecticut, June 12, 1867, 
She was born July 24, 1844, and died June 
30, 1872. They were the parents of one 
son, Crissy DeForest Harral, born De- 
cember 13, 1868. Mr. Harral married 
(second) Ellen B., third child of Nathaniel 
and Huldah R. (Bradley) Wheeler. She 
was born June 19, 1848. To them was 
born one daughter, Mary Louise Wheeler, 
born July 11, 1879; married (first) Pier- 
pont Rowland; married (second), August 
22, 1910, at Bridgeport, Harry L. Strat- 
ton, of Bronxville, New York; married 
(third), 1921, A. Shaler Williams, of 
Ithaca, New York. 

Always one of the richest legacies be- 
queathed by a Christian business man and 
citizen of the high type as was Mr. Har- 
ral is a memory hallowed with the good 
deeds that do follow them. Love of his 
country intensively cultivated, affection 
for his native city of Bridgeport, a com- 
munity of interests with his fellowmen of 
his community, a close student of the 
affairs of municipality of which he was 
extremely zealous for its progress not 
only materially but also spiritually and 
morally, Mr. Harral lived on a lofty plane 



of all-round endeavor which had singled 
him out as a man among men. The city 
as a place of great industrial activity and 
as a place of residence is the better for 
Mr. Harral having sojourned there for so 
long a period of his life that was full of 
labors and replete with service unsullied 
and unselfish in every avenue into which 
his multifarious activities called him. Dif- 
ficult as is the task that is presented to a 
community stricken with so great a loss, 
its aim should be to produce from among 
its citizenry a worthy successor of this 
exemplar of an upright, outstanding mem- 
ber of society. 



WARNER, Clinton Henry, 
Merchant. 

The ancient town of Woodbury, Con- 
necticut, "mother of towns," numbered 
among its pioneers several of this name, 
and their descendants are found in many 
of the adjoining towns. One of the off- 
shoots of Woodbury is Roxbury, which 
existed a long time as a precinct of Wood- 
bury, and whose earliest independent 
records have been lost, blocking the dis- 
covery of numerous ancestral lines. 

The origin of the name Warner is very 
remote. In the southwestern part of Eng- 
land, near the Welsh boundary, dwelt a 
race of people engaged in agriculture. To 
protect themselves from the surrounding 
savage tribes, they appointed their most 
athletic and discreet men to go out and 
warn the people of the approach of the 
enemy, hence the title "Warner." The 
name occurs in Domesday Book and in 
the account of the Manor of Warners, 
which derived its name from Edmund 
Warner, who held the estate in 1630. The 
arms of Warner are : Or, a bend engrailed 
between six roses gules, with motto, "Non 
nobis tantum nati" interpreted "We are 



196 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



not born for ourselves alone." The arms 
are found carved in the ceiling of the 
south aisle of the church of Great Wal- 
tham, England. The Manor of Pakel- 
sham, containing 418 acres, was granted 
to John Warner of Warner's Hall in Great 
Waltham, and was held by his son John 
until 1473 ; Henry, son of the latter, was 
seized of it March 21, 1504; Henry's son, 
John, Gentleman, held it until his death in 
1552. In 1558 Queen Elizabeth granted 
lands to Sir Edward Warner, Knight, in 
the Manor of Gettingham, County Kent. 
Northwood Manor in the same county 
was held by William Warner. In 1395 
John Warner was made sheriff of County 
Kent, and was succeeded by his son John, 
who held the position in 1442. 

John Warner, first of the line in Amer- 
ica, was twenty-one years old when he 
came from England with a party that 
sailed in the ship "Increase" in 1635. In 
1637 he performed service in the Pequot 
War, and was one of the original propri- 
etors of Hartford in 1629. He was an 
original proprietor and settler of Farming- 
ton, united with the church there in 1657 
and was made a freeman in 1664. In 1673 
he went to Mattatuck (Waterbury) to in- 
vestigate its prospects for a place of set- 
tlement, and was one of its patentees in 
1674. He died in 1679, before completing 
his arrangements to move there. In 
1649 he married (second) Ann, daughter 
of Thomas Norton of Guilford. John 
Warner, eldest son of John and Ann 
(Norton) Warner, born about 1645 in 
Hartford or Farmington, probably the 
latter, was reared in that town, where he 
was a freeman in 1669, and on the 
list of proprietors with his father in 1672. 
He was a pioneer of Waterbury, and is 
called "senior" in the records of that town. 
He had recorded there February 19, 1703, 
one and one-half acres of land on which 



his dwelling stood. In 1703 and 1706 he 
called himself of Farmington, but in his 
will, dated Farmington, December 27, 
1706, he calls himself "of Waterbury." 
He died before March, 1707, when in- 
ventory of his estate was made. Two of 
his sons, Robert and Ebenezer, settled in 
Woodbury. The latter was grandfather 
of Colonel Seth Warner, whose arrival 
with 500 fresh troops at the battle of Ben- 
nington defeated the British forces. Rob- 
ert Warner married Mary Hurlbut, and 
died April 14, 1743. Their son, 'John 
Warner, born October 27, 1713, died De- 
cember 8, 1785, married June 11, 1735, 
Jemima Hurd. Noble Warner, probably 
grandson of John and Jemima, lived in 
Roxbury, with wife Sarah. They were the 
parents of George Warner, who was born 
June I, 1818, their second son, died in 
March, 1880. He married Abigail Rug- 
gles, born March 22, 1822, died in 1897, 
third daughter of Daniel T. and Chloe 
(Graham) Ruggles of Bridgewater, Con- 
necticut. She was descended from Abi- 
jah Ruggles, an early resident of New 
Milford. His wife was Hannah, born 
Warner. Their son, Benjamin Abijah 
Ruggles, born September 9, 1758, died 
November 30, 1828. He married Betsey 
Trowbridge, born 1763, third daughter 
of Daniel and Deborah Trowbridge of 
Bridgewater. Daniel Trowbridge Rug- 
gles, eldest child of Benjamin A. and Bet- 
sey, was born January 2, 1783, lived in 
Bridgewater and died August 6, 1874. 
He married, November 19, 1806, Chloe 
Gorham, born December 27, 1786, died 
1876, and they were the parents of Abi- 
gail Ruggles, wife of George Warner. 
Their son, Theodore Warner, was a farmer 
and merchant in Danbury, and now lives 
retired in that town. He married, June 
13, 1869, Martha Evitts, born June 15, 
185 1, daughter of Augustine and Maria 
197 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(Erwin) Evitts, granddaughter of Caleb 
and Betsey (Thayer) Evitts. Betsey 
Thayer was probably a daughter of Wil- 
liam Thayer, born 1775, died April i, 1837, 
his wife Sarah, born 1774, died September 
1863. Augustine Evitts was born, 1833, in 
New Milford, and his wife Maria, about 
1830 in the same town. He died 1909, and 
she died, 1858. Theodore Warner and wife 
were parents of eleven children, all of 
whom except one daughter are now living. 
Clinton Henry Warner, son of Theo- 
dore and Martha, was born September 6, 
1894, in Ridgefield, Connecticut, and in 
early youth attended school in Woodbury 
and Danbury. When fourteen years old 
he began to maintain himself, rapidly de- 
veloping a spirit of self reliance and in- 
dustry which has materially aided in his 
advancement. For a period of two years 
he was employed in peddling milk, later 
he worked in general stores, thus acquir- 
ing a knowledge of business. For a short 
time he worked in a machine shop, and it 
appears that he was not averse to any 
honest employment. In 191 1 he entered 
the employ of the Ailing Rubber Com- 
pany of Hartford, at the time a branch 
store was opened in Danbury. After six 
years in this branch, in 1918, he went to 
Hartford and worked in the main store of 
the establishment. There he continued 
until the summer of 1919, when he was 
sent to Middletown to open a branch 
store. Under his management this store 
proved a success, and he continued in 
charge until July i, 1922, when he re- 
signed to engage in business on his own 
account. With Ellsworth F. Page of Dur- 
ham, he formed a partnership under the 
title of Page & Warner, to deal in 
automobile parts and accessories. They 
opened a store near the south end of Main 
Street in Middletown, and their personal 
popularity brought to them customers 



whose trade has been retained by fair 
dealing and courteous treatment. Mr. 
Warner was born for a merchant, and his 
experience has developed a natural tend- 
ency. 

He is a member of Apollo Lodge, No. 
33, Knights of Pythias, has passed all the 
principal chairs in a lodge of the Senior 
Order of United American Mechanics ; is 
a Republican in political principle, with 
independent mind, and is not bound by 
partisan dictates. From October, 19 13, to 
May, 1917, he served in the 8th Company, 
Coast Artillery, as first-class private and 
first-class gunner, and was company clerk 
two years. In 1922 he affiliated with 
Apollo Lodge, No. 33, Knights of Pythias. 

He married, July 2, 1916, Mildred Grif- 
fin, who was born July 2, 1896, in Dan- 
bur}-, daughter of Cyrus O. and Mary 
(Butterworth) Griffin, natives, respec- 
tively, of Danbury and England. Mr. and 
Mrs. Warner are the parents of four chil- 
dren : Jane Esther, Beatrice Lois, Clinton 
Henry, Jr., and Frank Griffin. 



ADORNO, Salvatore, 

Theatre Oxraer. 

A natural ability for accomplishing his 
aims and an entire devotion to his work 
are the chief factors in the success at- 
tained by Salvatore Adorno, owner of one 
of the leading theatres of Middletown, 
Connecticut. Several years ago, a stranger 
in a strange land, Mr. Adorno came to 
America with the feeling in his heart that 
he must succeed. In spite of the handi- 
caps, the new language, different customs, 
and many other drawbacks, he has man- 
aged by his indefatigable will to rise above 
these and take his place as one of the 
most substantial and honored citizens of 
Middletown. Mr. Adorno was born June 
20, 1879, in Italy, son of Michele and Con- 



198 




'^^i^ C^^7^^P>^^^ — 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



cetta (Salonia) Adorno. His father was 
a clothing and flour merchant ; he died in 
August, 1917, and is still survived by his 
wife. The public schools of his native 
home afforded Mr. Adorno his early edu- 
cation ; at the age of eighteen years he 
came to America and settled in Middle- 
town, which city has continued to be his 
home, and where he has attained his suc- 
cess. It was imperative that the young 
lad secure work soon after his arrival 
and at that time there was not the demand 
for labor such as now. His first position 
was in a tin shop, where he received two 
and one-half dollars a week. Soon after 
he acquired a little knowledge of the 
language and fortified by his ambition to 
better himself, he changed his work and 
went into the brickyard of the Tuttle 
Brothers Company, where he received 
one dollar and thirty-five cents a day. 
He remained there for seven months, and 
out of his salary not only supported him- 
self but sent money home to his parents 
as well. Mr. Adorno was all the time im- 
proving himself in every respect and ap- 
plied for a position with the Russell Man- 
ufacturing Company. He was success- 
ful in obtaining the work, and for seven 
years remained in their employ as a 
weaver. He has the distinction of being 
one of the first of his nationality to work 
there. 

By being thrifty and adding to his 
small competence, Mr. Adorno was able 
to engage in business for himself as a 
manufacturer of macaroni, in connection 
with which he also conducted a small 
grocery. This might be called the turn- 
ing point in his career, as it was from this 
date that his success was rapid. From 
small beginnings the business grew un- 
til two thousand pounds of macaroni was 
the daily output. This part of the busi- 
ness was disposed of eventually and his 



whole attention given to the grocery end. 
In 1913, this was also given up, and in 
the same year Mr. Adorno opened a the- 
atre known as the "Star." In considera- 
tion of its size, it was successful enough, 
but it was not large enough to accommo- 
date very many patrons. Mr. Adorno 
then purchased the Crescent Theatre, as 
well as the ground, which is now used 
as a store and apartments. In 1915 he 
built and opened the "Grand" on a site of 
which he has a twenty-year lease. He 
conducted this theatre himself until 1919, 
when he leased the theatre for a term of 
years. In 1919 he bought the Mitchell 
Block, which embraces three stores and 
two floors of apartments. 

During the World War there were 
many demonstrations of allegiance to 
their adopted country by those of foreign 
birth ; the cause of America and the Allies 
was their cause, and particularly notable 
was Mr. Adorno's activities in this direc- 
tion. He was a member of the War 
Bureau of Middletown, and donated the 
use of the theatre for both the Fourth 
and Fifth Liberty Loan drives, on both 
of which occasions Middletown went 
"over the top." He also gave a benefit 
performance and donated the gross re- 
ceipts, amounting to eight hundred dol- 
lars, to the Men's Service Club. He re- 
ceived several flattering cards commend- 
ing him for his patriotism, among them a 
letter from the president of the Hartford 
Manufacturers' Association. It is to be 
naturally expected that a man of Mr. 
Adorno's prominence is active in the 
social and civic life of Middletown. His 
political views are those of an independ- 
ent, but he is always ready to give his 
support to the best man. Fraternally he 
is a member of Council No. 3, Knights of 
Columbus, Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Elks, Loyal Order of Moose, 
199 



i 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Fraternal Order of Eagles, and the Italian 
Society, Sons of Italy. 

Mr. Adorno married, In 1901, on 
Thanksgiving Day, Maria Pinto, daugh- 
ter of Andrea and Cesaria Pinto, all na- 
tives of Italy. The children are : Michael, 
Andrew, Joseph, William, Salvatore, 
Jr., and Concettina. Two daughters died 
in infancy. The family are attendants of 
St. John's Roman Catholic Church of Mid- 
dletown, and Mr. Adorno generously aids 
in the support of its charities. 



NILSON, A. H., 

Mannf actnrer and Inventor. 

From Washington at intervals public 
documents compiled by departments and 
bureaus of the government are sent out 
on manifold subjects supposed to interest 
the citizen. Many of these documents 
relate to the development of the country, 
and are of interest to the student of its 
growth, and to those concerned in its wel- 
fare. There is, however, a subject of 
great general interest that no public docu- 
ment adequately covers. How great is 
the measure in which the foreign-born 
citizen contributes to the expansion and 
welfare of the United States? Many an 
immigrant, finding no opportunity in his 
own land for development, comes to this 
country with no capital beyond a deter- 
mination to succeed, and with an impulse 
to industry, or with a dormant ingenuity 
which here awakens and is effective, he 
becomes an essential element in his com- 
munity, winning note and fortune while 
assisting in the enriching of the land of 
his adoption. 

Such a man is A. H. Nilson, the story of 
whose life reads like romance. Mr. Nil- 
son is a manufacturer, inventor and de- 
signer of special machinery, and is prom- 
inently identified with the business and 



financial interests of Bridgeport, Connecti- 
cut. Mr. Nilson started from the bottom 
of the ladder and worked himself from 
the condition of a poor boy to his present 
enviable standing. He was born in Got- 
tenburg, Sweden, April 2, 1849, the son of 
Nil and Helena (Stele) Nilson, both na- 
tives of Sweden. He was educated in the 
excellent common schools of his native 
land, and after his schooling he learned 
the trade of a machinist. That he did not 
have mechanical opportunity there is ap- 
parent from the fact that he served as a 
sailor for six years. Then he was a fire- 
man and engineer in a saw-mill, a dual 
position which in wages must have been 
inadequate. In 1880 he came to the 
United States, set upon bettering his con- 
dition. He had no friends here, and was 
ignorant of the language. Landing in 
New York, he looked about and finally 
settled in Bridgeport, even then a manu- 
facturing town of consequence. Here he 
found employment with the Bridgeport 
Organ Company on Water Street, as a 
cabinet maker at one dollar a day, and later 
as operator of a wood-turning lathe. After 
the expiration of two years he was sent 
as an engineer to the Cornwall and Pat- 
terson Manufacturing Company's plant in 
Saugatuck, Connecticut. In 1883 he re- 
turned to Bridgeport with this company, 
and here for four years he operated all the 
automatic machines in the factory. He 
was then placed in charge of the machine 
department, which position he held for six 
years. In 1892 he established the A. H. 
Nilson & Sons Machine Company, con- 
ducting a machine shop in the Hamilton 
Brass Foundry building. Golden Hill and 
Middle Streets. Soon after the beginning 
of this venture came the great business 
depression of 1893, and Mr. Nilson dis- 
posed of this business to Knapp & Cowles, 
although he still remained in charge of 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the enterprise. Three years later the 
Cornwall & Patterson Company pur- 
chased the Knapp & Cowles Company, 
and Mr. Nilson again engaged in busi- 
ness on his own account. Among other 
things he became interested in the ma- 
chinery for manufacturing corsets and in- 
vented several corset machines, and these 
inventions are still in use throughout the 
United States. He also organized the 
Automatic Machine Company, of which 
he was president for two years. In 1898 
the business was divided between the two 
stockholders, and the Automatic Machine 
Company moved to new quarters. Then 
Mr. Nilson established the A. H. Nilson 
Machine Company in the Knapp & Cowles 
building, and in 1904 he erected the build- 
ing at the corner of Railroad and Bost- 
wick avenues, to which he has since added 
several other buildings, until the group 
is an impressive token of his success. Mr. 
Nilson is the inventor of many machine 
devices in use all over the country. Among 
his other interests he is a director and 
one of the founders of the West Side Bank 
of Bridgeport. In April, 1917, the Elli- 
ott-Cornwall Manufacturing Company 
was purchased, and the General Machine 
and Manufacturing Company was organ- 
ized, of which Mr. Nilson is president. 

Mr. Nilson is a Republican in politics, 
and in 1907-1908 he served the city of 
Bridgeport as Health Commissioner. He 
is treasurer of the Elm Park Home, a 
trustee and deacon of the First Swedish 
Baptist Church, to which he is a liberal 
contributor. March 21, 1875, Mr. Nilson 
was married in Sweden to Augusta S. 
Peterson. They are the parents of three 
children : Ifvar, who died in infancy, in 
Sweden ; William, who died in 1907 at the 
age of thirty-three ; and Jacob, who is vice- 
president of the A. H. Nilson Machine 
Company and treasurer of the General 



Machine and Manufacturing Company of 
Bridgeport. 



SMITH, Edward Arthur, 

Manufacturer. 

As responsible manager of the J. O. 
Smith Manufacturing Company, Mr. 
Smith has built up and extended the busi- 
ness beyond any previous record. His 
great-grandfather, John Smith, lived at 
Belston, a suburb of Birmingham, Eng- 
land, and was a jappaner by trade. In 
1825 he removed with his family to New 
York City, where he engaged in business 
and was the first japanner in America. 
This gave him some distinction, and he 
was accustomed to sign himself "John 
Smith, Japanner." In 1826 he purchased 
from Nathaniel Bacon an apple brandy 
distillery in Westfield (Middletown), and 
this was soon turned into a japan factory. 
It is still standing on the property occu- 
pied by his descendants. He was born 
July 28, 1791, and died in Westfield, No- 
vember 20, 1859. His body was the first 
interred in the Miner Cemetery. He mar- 
ried Ann, a daughter of John Owen, who 
accompanied him to America. They had 
one son and three daughters. 

James Owen Smith, only son of John 
and Ann, was born May i, 1813, at Bir- 
mingham, England, and was twelve years 
old when he came to America. When 
eight years old he left school and began 
to assist his father, with whom he con- 
tinued until attaining his majority. By 
attending night school in New York, he 
extended his knowledge, and was known 
as a most intelligent and well-informed 
man, skillful in his work and successful 
in business. When about forty years old 
he purchased his father's business in New 
York and soon after, the plant in West- 
field, and conducted both. For some time 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



he resided in Westfield and, from 1863 to 
1873, in New York, returning to West- 
field to give entire attention to operation 
of the plant there. In 1874 a fire swept 
away all the buildings except the old 
distillery, but they were immediately re- 
built of brick and much more substanti- 
ally. In 1878 the business was incorpo- 
rated under its present title, with James 
O. Smith as president. He died in New 
York, October 20, 1880, at the age of 
sixty-seven years. A man of progressive 
ideas, he favored a liberal policy in edu- 
cation and every movement calculated to 
advance the race. During his early years 
in the town, he served as selectman but 
did not care for ofiicial station. He was 
independent of party direction, and in- 
sisted on capability in candidates for 
ofifice, as a requisite for his vote. While 
in New York, he affiliated with the 
Anglican Church. His wife, Mary Ann 
Smith, was born May 12, 1807, at Corn- 
wall, New York, daughter of Michael 
Smith, granddaughter of Michael Smith, 
born in 1750, a soldier of the Revolution 
and a colonel in charge of the fortifica- 
tions of New York in the war of 1812. 
Michael Smith, Jr., was born in 1783. and 
died October 10, 1876, in Westfield. Mary 
Ann Smith, wife of James O., died April 
8, 1900, in New York, and was buried be- 
side her husband in Miner Cemetery. 

Alfred Owen Smith, eldest child of 
James O. and Mary Ann, was born June 
20, 1836, in New York, and was a small 
boy when he accompanied his parents to 
Westfield. He was educated in the Mid- 
dletown public schools and in the school 
of Daniel H. Chase, one of the most 
famous of its time. He early turned his 
attention to the business of the J. O. 
Smith Manufacturing Company, was its 
president from 1880 until his death, which 
occurred July 3, 1893. His system of 



bookkeeping is still in use by the estab- 
lishment. He was a member of the 
Church of the Holy Trinity, of which he 
was for many years a vestryman ; was a 
member of St. John's Lodge, No. 2, Free 
and Accepted Masons ; of Washington 
Chapter, No. 6, Royal Arch Masons ; and 
a charter member and past commander 
of Cyrene Commandery, No. 8, Knights 
Templar. In politics Mr. Smith was a 
Democrat, and while he did not seek 
political preferment, as a matter of civil 
duty, he served as first selectman of Mid- 
dletown. He married. May 6, 1858, Ellen 
E. Wilcox, who was born in South Farms, 
daughter of Gustavus Vasa and Huldah 
(Spencer) Wilcox. Gustavus V. Wilcox 
was baptized in June, 1797, at the East 
Guilford Church, resided in Madison in 
early life, subsequently engaged in farm- 
ing in the town of Middletown, where he 
died June 10, 1858. He married (first) 
January 26, 1823, Lucy Lee, of Middle- 
town, who died about ten years later. As 
early as June 30, 1836, Huldah Spencer 
was his wife; on that date she was ad- 
mitted to the First Church of Middletown. 
She married (second), November 23, 1862, 
Charles Hurlburt. 

Edward Arthur Smith was born in Mid- 
dletown and was educated in the public 
schools of Brooklyn, New York, and of 
Hudson in that State, and Meriden, Con- 
necticut. He was also a student at the 
Russell Military Academy of New Haven. 
In 1887 he was graduated from Yale Uni- 
versity with the degree of Ph. B. He early 
turned his attention to business and was 
employed by N. C. Stiles and the Stiles 
and Parker Press Company, of Brooklyn, 
and the E. W. Bliss Company of Brook- 
lyn, which made the Wade torpedo. The 
first torpedo was produced in 1893. Soon 
after, he entered the employ of the J. O. 
Smith Company, of which he was made 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



secretary in 1894, and treasurer in 1905. 
The active management of the business is 
in his hands and as before stated, it has 
grown under his management. 

He is connected with St. John's Lodge, 
Washington Chapter ; Columbia Counsel 
No. 9, Royal and Select Masters ; Cyrene 
Commandery, and through the York Rite 
he is a member of Sphinx Temple, Ancient 
Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine 
of Hartford. He is also a member of 
Westfield Grange No. 50, Patrons of Hus- 
bandry, in which he has filled all the im- 
portant positions, and is a director of the 
Farmers' and Mechanics' Savings Bank. 
He is a member of the Church of the Holy 
Trinity, and of the church club of the 
diocese. Politically he is a Republican of 
independent tendencies, but he has never 
desired to fill a public station. In his 
community he seeks to serve the best in- 
terests and long served on the school 
board of the district, of which he was 
treasurer. 

Mr. Smith married, June, 1894, Lottie 
S. Weir, who was born in Westfield, 
daughter of James and Ann Weir, the 
former a native of Canada and the latter 
of England. Mr. and Mrs. Smith are the 
parents of two daughters, Madeline Irene, 
and Marjorie. The elder is a graduate of 
the Middletown High School, and the lat- 
ter of the Willimantic Normal School. 



PENFIELD, George Ruber, 
Agricnltnrist. 

Among the best known and appreciated 
citizens of the town of Portland, Mr. Pen- 
field was a descendant of one of the earli- 
est families of that town. The founder of 
the family in this country was Samuel 
Penfield, who was in Lynn in 1650. Pos- 
sibly he was the father of Samuel Pen- 
field who was married in Lynn, Novem- 



ber 30, 1675, to Mary Lewis, who was 
born in January, 1653, in Charlestown, 
Massachusetts, daughter of John and 
Mary (Brown) Lewis. They had two 
children recorded in Lynn, and before 
1680 he removed to Rehoboth where two 
children were born. After May, 1683, he 
removed to Bristol, Rhode Island, and in 
1688 was living in that town with his 
wife and five children. Three of the chil- 
dren of his first wife were born in that 
town, the first in 1685 and the last in 1689. 
His second wife, Ann, was the mother of 
twin daughters born in Bristol in 1692, 
and his third wife, Mary, bore him a son, 
Benjamin, in 1696. No record of his death 
appears in Bristol. His second son, John 
Penfield, born May 31, 1683, in Rehoboth, 
was attracted as a young man to the new 
settlement at Lebanon, Connecticut, but 
did not long remain there, removing soon 
after to East Middletown, later Chatham, 
now Portland, and settled in the locality 
in the latter town still known as Penfield 
Hill. He married, April 9, 1714, in 
Middletown, Ann Cornwall, daughter of 
Thomas and Mary (Clark) Cornwall, 
granddaughter of William Cornwall, foun- 
der of a large family, mentioned at length 
elsewhere in this work. Their second 
son. Colonel John Penfield, born May 14, 
1721, was a prominent citizen of Portland 
in his day and died February 22, 1797. 
His wife, Ruth, died July 17, 1794, in her 
fifty-eighth year. Their fourth son, John 
Penfield, born July 25, 1767, was a farmer 
occupying the paternal homestead where 
he died December i, 1829. He was an act- 
ive man in the church and in town affairs 
fulfilling the traditions of his family. He 
married, February 27, 1797, Jane Stewart, 
born December i, 1769, died July 23, 1827 ; 
both were buried in the Center Cemetery. 
Their eldest son, Hiram A. Penfield, born 
December 25, 1802, on Penfield Hill, was a 



203 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



student in the neighboring district school 
which occupied a different site than that 
of the present Penfield Hill School. He 
was studious and blessed with mental 
forces. He began teaching school at the 
age of eighteen years and continued very 
successful in that calling for several years, 
enjoying a high reputation as a disciplin- 
arian. He acquired the rank of captain, 
serving in this capacity in the State Mili- 
tia. After his marriage he rented the farm 
of Reuben Payne and about 1830 pur- 
chased from his uncle, Jonathan Penfield, 
the farm which was subsequently occu- 
pied by his son, George H. Penfield. He 
erected a substantial residence and other 
farm buildings which stood until burned 
in 1922, a testimonial to the honest in- 
dustry of the day. He was universally 
esteemed by his contemporaries as a ca- 
pable and reliable man ; was a staunch 
Democrat in political principle and filled 
many offices in the town including those 
of selectman and assessor. He declined 
to be a candidate for representative in the 
Legislature. A man of commanding 
presence and sound mind, he was fre- 
quently called upon to settle large estates. 
He died December 19, 1872. He married, 
December 25, 1828, Sarah Parmelee Mc- 
Nary, born May 22, 1798, in Middle Had- 
dam, died February 28, 1882, daughter of 
Morris and Sarah (Doan) McNary. Mor- 
ris McNary, born September 8, 1765, in 
Northern Ireland, was a representative of 
the sturdy Scotch element known as 
Scotch-Irish which has contributed great- 
ly to the development of the United States. 
George Huber Penfield, youngest child 
of Hiram A. and Sarah P. Penfield, was 
born March 19, 1838, on Penfield Hill and 
was reared under the conditions common 
to rural life in his time, early sharing in 
the labors of the paternal homestead. He 
attended the district school of the neigh- 



borhood and in his earlier years received 
instruction from Harrison Whitcomb, a 
well known teacher of the time. He con- 
tinued on the homestead which came into 
his possession on the death of his father 
and continued to reside there until his 
own death which occurred October 22, 
1917, in his eightieth year. Like his father 
he adhered to the policies of the Demo- 
cratic party which was usually in the 
minority in his home town. He was 
active in support of his principles and 
was defeated for the office of selectman in 
1899 by only four votes, which majority 
would have been less had he voted for 
himself. On another occasion he was de- 
feated for representative in the Legis- 
lature by thirteen votes. He was among 
the most faithful members of Christ 
(Episcopal) Church at Cobalt which he 
served many years as warden and vestry- 
man, and was considered one of the lead- 
ing men of the parish. His home was one 
of the finest country residences in the 
county and his genial and hospitable 
nature made it a pleasant abiding place 
for any who came that way. An industri- 
ous and prosperous farmer, a man of 
unswerving integrity, he enjoyed the con- 
fidence and esteem of his contemporaries 
and his death was widely regretted. Mr. 
Penfield married, January 23, 1862, Al- 
mira Griffith Bailey of Chatham, Con- 
necticut, who was born October 11, 1840, 
daughter of Seth and Phila (Purple) 
Bailey, died December i, 1889. She was 
the mother of three children : Mary Ada- 
line, the eldest, now deceased, was the 
wife of George M. Taylor, formerly of 
Portland, now a builder in Hartford ; 
Sarah Doan, became the wife of William 
H. Rouse of Portland, and is now de- 
ceased, and the third, Walter Hiram, is the 
subject of the following biography. 



204 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



PENFIELD, Walter Hiram, 

Mannfactnrer. 

A son of the late George H. Penfield 
and Almira G. (Bailey) Penfield, born 
February 4, 1873, on Penfield Hill, Port- 
land, Connecticut, the subject of this 
sketch, has developed much executive abil- 
ity and enjoys the confidence and respect 
of a wide circle of friends. Like other 
sons of farmers of the district, he received 
early training in making himself useful 
and in diligent pursuit of duty. The 
district school of the section afforded him 
early instruction, and he graduated from 
the three years' course at Gildersleeve 
High School in Portland at the age of 
sixteen years. Desirous of pursuing a 
business life, in April, 1890, he entered the 
employ of The Shaler & Hall Quarry 
Company, subsequently The Brainerd, 
Shaler & Hall Quarry Company as office 
boy. Here he continued nearly twelve 
years earning frequent promotions and 
gaining an extensive knowledge of busi- 
ness methods. During the three winter 
seasons preceding 1901, owing to the in- 
activity of the quarry industry, he was 
temporarily employed in Hartford, Con- 
necticut, by The Colt's Patent Firearms 
Manufacturing Company, returning to his 
position with the Quarry Company during 
the summers. In December, 1901, he 
again entered the employ of The Colt's 
Patent Fireams Manufacturing Company 
and has been continuously connected with 
that world known organization since that 
date. Beginning as an invoice clerk he 
became successively assistant treasurer 
in 1909, treasurer in 191 1, vice-president 
and treasurer in 1919, director in 1921, and 
holds the last three mentioned offices at 
the present time. He is also treasurer and 
director of the Johns-Pratt Company of 
Hartford, and a director of the Middlesex 
Hospital in Middletown. 



Faithfulness, promptness and continued 
industry gained the esteem and confidence 
of those associated with him and his rapid 
progress has been well earned. During 
his extended business connection in Hart- 
ford he has retained his residence in his 
native town and is esteemed as a progres- 
sive and useful citizen. For many years he 
served as town auditor and town treas- 
urer, has been a consistent supporter of 
Republican principles in Government and 
attends divine service at Trinity Episco- 
pal Church. He is a member of Warren 
Lodge, No. 51, Ancient Free and Accepted 
Masons of Portland, having served in 
various offices and as its master in 1914; 
of the York Rite bodies of Middletown ; 
the Scottish Rite bodies of Hartford ; the 
Connecticut Consistory of Norwich and 
Sphinx Temple, Ancient Arabic Order 
Nobles of the Mystic Shrine of Hartford. 
He also holds membership in the follow- 
ing organizations : The Hartford Club, of 
Hartford; The Portland Club, Portland 
Board of Trade, Freestone Building Com- 
pany, Hemlock Grange Patrons of Hus- 
bandry, of Portland : and the Connecticut 
Chamber of Commerce. Of genial nature 
and affable manners, Mr. Penfield easily 
gains and holds lasting friendships. 

He married, June 10, 1896, Bessie Pick- 
ering Pascall, daughter of Richard H. 
Pascall of Portland (q. v.). Mr. and Mrs. 
Penfield are the parents of two children, 
namely: Richard Pascall, born March 9, 
1900, and Marion Almira, born September 
25, 1901. 



RILEY, WiUiam J., 

Executive. 

One of the progressive citizens of 
Hartford, Connecticut, who has won his 
success through intelligently directed ef- 
fort, is William J. Riley, treasurer of the 



20s 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Hartford Lumber Company of that city. 
Mr. Riley was born January 17, 1880, in 
New Canaan, Connecticut, son of Stephen 
and Julia (Egan) Riley and grandson of 
Patrick Riley of Ireland. The latter grew 
to manhood in his native country and then 
came to America where he located in 
Sheffield, Massachusetts. There he took a 
sub-contract to build a section of the Cen- 
tral New England Railroad which proved 
a very unprofitable venture and Mr. 
Riley lost a large amount of money. Soon 
after this time he removed to New Canaan 
where he engaged in agricultural pursuits 
and where his death occurred. 

Stephen Riley, son of Patrick Riley, 
was born in Sheffield, Massachusetts, and 
died at New Canaan, in 1918, aged sixty- 
four years. Mr. Riley grew to manhood 
on the homestead and soon learned to 
help his father in the railroad work. After 
the failure of the contract, he went to 
work on the railroad as a brakeman and 
later as a fireman, from which he was ad- 
vanced to engineer. For many years he 
was on the Central New England Rail- 
road and at the time of his death was the 
oldest engineer in point of service on the 
road. Mr. Riley was very active in the 
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, 
and was Chief Engineer of the local or- 
ganization for years and often served as 
delegate to conventions of the order. He 
was a member of the Knights of Colum- 
bus in Winsted and from 1897 until his 
death was a resident of Hartford. Mr. 
Riley married Julia, daughter of Patrick 
Egan, born in Ballykeefe, Kilkenny, Ire- 
land, and they were the parents of five 
children : William J., of further mention ; 
Elizabeth A., wife of Junius H. Hale of 
Hartford ; Mary Luella ; Catherine ; Helen 
Margaret. The family attends St. Joseph's 
Church. 

William J. Riley attended the schools 



of New Canaan and came to Hartford 
with his parents in 1897. He entered the 
employ of the Plimpton Manufacturing 
Company but after a few months there 
Mr. Riley perceived the necessity of equip- 
ping himself to meet the requirements of 
business and he entered Morse Business 
College. After completing the course 
there he secured a position with the Hart- 
ford Lumber Company as stenographer 
and assistant bookkeeper. 

By attention to the detail of the busi- 
ness and faithful performance of his duties 
Mr. Riley rapidly progressed ; he was 
made manager in 1907 and five years later 
was appointed treasurer of the company 
which office he now holds. He has been 
a director of the Retail Lumber Dealers' 
Association since 1917 and was vice- 
president of this organization in 1919 and 
1920, now holding the office of president. 

Mr. Riley is Past Grand Knight of 
Charter Oak Council, No. 19, Knights of 
Columbus and is now a member of Hart- 
ford Council, No. 11. He married Cath- 
erine Elizabeth, daughter of Michael and 
Margaret (Martin) Connor and they are 
the parents of four children : i. Laurence 
Stephen, born July 20, 1913. 2. William 
J., Jr., bom January 30, 1915. 3. Margaret 
Connor, born October 23, 1916. 4. Ste- 
phen, born April 18, 1919. With his fam- 
ily Mr. Riley attends St. Michael's Roman 
Catholic Church of Hartford and con- 
tributes to its support. 



PLUM, Elihu Henry, 

Agricaltnrist. 

The Plum family was early in Middle- 
town, and its members have intermarried 
with many of the leading pioneer families. 
The progressive farmer, whose name 
heads this article was born August 8, 
1877, in the house where he now resides. 



206 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



near the crown of the hill on East Street, 
Westfield, the son of Loren and Charlotte 
(Roberts) Plum. 

John Plum (Plume, Plumb, etc.), born 
about 1603, undoubtedly in England, set- 
tled at Saybrook, Connecticut ; he married, 
1615, name of wife unknown; she died 
after 1650. He was a citizen of Wethers- 
field September i, 1636, and member of the 
church there in 1637. In the same year 
he was a soldier of the Pequot War. In 
1644 he sold out thirteen parcels of land, 
ranging from two to two hundred and 
four acres and including two houses, and 
removed to Branford, where he died in 
1648. His third son, Robert Plum, was 
born 1618, and was among the original 
settlers of Milford, Connecticut, where he 
died after 1704. He married, January 9, 
1642, Mary Baldwin, born April 22, 162 1, 
died May 12, 1655. Their eldest son, 
John Plum, born July 12, 1646, lived at 
Milford and died in March, 1728. He 
married, November 24, 1668, Elizabeth 
Norton, and their son, Benoni Plum, born 
about 1687, lived in Milford, where he 
died about 1744. He married, in Novem- 
ber, 1709, Dorothy Cole, and their eldest 
child, Samuel Plum, born August 18, 1710, 
died July 15, 1794. He married, January 2, 
1735, Patience Ward, daughter of John 
and Margaret Ward of Middletown, and 
their second son, Aaron Plum, was born 
March 9, 1739. He was a farmer in the 
Westfield section of Middletown, where 
he died August 4, 1813. He married, Jan- 
uary 25, 1776, Mary Cornmall, who was 
born November 4, 1746, daughter of Elisha 
and Ann (Johnson) Cornmall, died Au- 
gust 24, 1813. Elihu Plum, third son of 
Aaron and Mary, was born September 
30, 1793, and engaged in agriculture in 
Westfield with success. He attended re- 
ligious services at the Baptist Church. He 
married, October i, 1817, Lucy Paddock, 



who was born December 30, 1797, daugh- 
ter of Robert and Martha (Loveland) 
Paddock of Middletown. 

The well-known Paddock family is among 
the oldest in New England, founded by 
Robert Paddock, who was in Plymouth, 
Massachusetts, as early as 1643 ^nd prob- 
ably earlier, and died July 25, 1650, in Dux- 
bury. His second son, Zechariah Paddock, 
born March 20, 1636, lived in that part of 
Barnstable now Yarmouth, Massachusetts, 
where he died May i, 1727. He married 
Deborah Sears, daughter of Richard Sears, 
who had a wife Dorothy, and lived early in 
Dartmouth, Massachusetts. Deborah Sears 
was born there in September, 1639, and died 
August 17, 1732, "lacking about a month 
of being ninety-three years old." She was 
admitted to the Second Church of Yar- 
mouth by letter from the First Church, 
August 6, 1727. They left forty-eight 
grandchildren and thirty-eight great- 
grandchildren, thirty of the latter de- 
scendants of their second son, Zechariah. 
Their fourth son, Robert Paddock, was 
born January 7, 1670, and lived in Yar- 
mouth. There he married, March 6, 1702, 
Martha Hall, born May 24, 1676, daugh- 
ter of John and Priscilla (Pearce) Hall. 
Seth Paddock, second son of Robert and 
Martha, was born March 13, 1705, in Yar- 
mouth, and married there, April 13, 1727, 
Mercy Nickerson, who was born Novem- 
ber 22, 1706, daughter of John and Eliza- 
beth Nickerson of that town. 

Zachariah Paddock, son of Seth and 
Mercy (Nickerson) Paddock, born 1728, 
was the first of the family in Middletown, 
where he settled as early as 175 1. It is 
evident that he was a mechanic, for his 
first purchase of land included only one- 
fourth acre, for which he paid three hun- 
dred pounds; it was deeded by Samuel 
Warner, Sr., dated July 24, 1751. He sub- 
sequently purchased two other parcels 



207 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



from Andrew Bacon, amounting to nearly 
forty-seven square rods. He died in Mid- 
dletown May 13, 1800, in his seventy- 
second year. He married Hannah Smith, 
born oti Long Island, whose mother, Han- 
nah, was married (second) to John Bird- 
sey of what is now Middlefield. Robert 
Paddock, son of Zachariah and Hannah, 
was born November 10, 1760, in Middle- 
town, and died there January 30, 1844. 
He married, May 5, 1785, Martha Love- 
land, born July 4, 1767, died January 11, 
1854. They were the parents of Lucy 
Paddock, wife of Elihu Plum. 

Henry Loveland Plum, the son of Elihu 
and Martha (Loveland) Plum, was born 
November 26, 1823, in Westfield, and fol- 
lowed farming on the paternal homestead, 
living in the house — now nearly two hun- 
dred years old — nearly opposite the pres- 
ent home of his widow and his grandson, 
Elihu H. Plum. There he died August 24, 
1863. He married, October i, 1845, Lucy 
Ann Coe, descendant of an ancient and 
honored Connecticut family, traced to an 
early period of English history : 

John Coe, of Gestingthorpe, County Essex, Eng- 
land, bom about 1340, in that town in the reign of 
Edward III. In 1412, when about seventy years 
old, he settled his affairs, dying in the the follow- 
ing year. He was the father of John Coo, as the 
name was then spelled, bom about 1375, died in 
1425. His wife's baptismal name was Eleanor, and 
they were the parents of John Coo, bom about 
1400, lived at Gestingthorpe, and died after 1448. 
His son, Thomas, born about 1430, died in 1507, 
and was the father of John Coe, born about 1460, 
will proved in 1520, at Gestingthorpe. He mar- 
ried Joane, daughter of Thomas Golding, and was 
the father of John Coe, born about 1495, died in 
1533. at Gestingthorpe. His wife, Margaret, was 
the mother of John Coe, bom in 1523, lived at 
Maplestead and Wiston, married Dorothy. Their 
youngest son, Henry Coe, born in 1565, lived at 
Thorpe-Morieux, died in 1631. His wife, Mary, 
died the same year. 

Robert Coe, son of Henry and Mary, was the 
immigrant ancestor of the American family. He 



was born at Thorpe-Morieux, County Suffolk, 
baptized October 25, 1596. In 1625 he was living 
at Boxford, County Suffolk, whence he came to 
this country in 1634. He was elected overseer of 
cloth at Boxford, April 18, 1625, and was quest- 
man of the Boxford Church in 1629. He sailed 
from Ipswich, County Suffolk England, in the 
ship "Francis," with his family, settled at Water- 
town, Massachusetts, where he was admitted free- 
man September 3, 1634. In June of the next year 
he went, with others, to settle Wethersfield, Con- 
necticut, being dismissed from the Watertown 
Church May 29, 1635, and remained there about 
five years. In November, 1640, he was one of the 
fotmders of Stamford, Coimecticut, where he was 
a magistrate and deputy to the General Court. For 
eight years he lived at Hempstead, Long Island, 
where he was an elder of the church and magis- 
trate under the Dutch government. In 1652 he 
located at Newtown, Long Island, and was there 
an elder of the church. In 1653 he was sent to 
Boston, Massachusetts, to get protection from the 
Indians, and in the same year went on the same 
mission to New Amsterdam. In 1656 he was 
among the founders of Jamaica, Long Island, from 
1658 to 1664 was magistrate. In 1663 the town 
owned allegiance to Connecticut and next year he 
served as deputy to the General Court at Hart- 
ford. When the English captured New Amster- 
dam, Robert Coe was made judge of the Courts of 
Oyer and Terminer and high sheriff of Yorkshire. 
He died about 1689. His wife, Mary, who accom- 
panied him from England, was the mother of his 
children; she died and was buried October 27, 
1628, in Boxford. Their second son, Robert Coe, 
born at Boxford, baptized there September 19, 
1626, did not go to Long Island, lived in Stratford, 
where he died about September, 1659. He married 
about 1650 Hannah Mitchell, who was baptized 
June 26, 1631, at Halifax, Yorkshire, England, 
daughter of Matthew and Susan (Butterfield) 
Mitchell. She came with her parents to Wethers- 
field, where she met her first husband. She mar- 
ried (second) Nicholas Elsey, of New Haven, 
where she died April 2, 1702. John Coe, son of 
Robert and Hannah, born May 10, 1658, at Strat- 
ford, lived with his foster-father at New Haven 
until he attained his majority and received by deed 
from his mother his father's estate at Stratford. 
In 1685 he exchanged this for another lot, on 
which he built a house and lived there until his 
death. He was a prosperous farmer, land specula- 
tor, merchant, miller, innkeeper, held various town 
offices, including representative, was lieutenant and 



208 



I 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



captain of militia and served in the French and 
Indian War, 1708. His will, dated January 29, 
1740, was proved May s, 1741. He married, 
December 20, 1682, Mary Hawley, born July 10, 
1663, in Stratford, died September 9, 1731, daugh- 
ter of Lieutenant Joseph and Catharine (Birdsey) 
Hawley. He died April 19, 1741. Captain Joseph 
Coe, son of Captain, John and Mary, was born 
February 2, 1687, in Stratford, and settled at Dur- 
ham, Connecticut, in 1706. There he filled many 
stations of honor and responsibility, including rep- 
resentative, lieutenant and captain in T729, and died 
July 15, 1754. He married, in Durham, November 
21, 1708, Abigail Robinson, born April 3, 1690, in 
Guilford, daughter of David and Abigail (Kirby) 
Robinson, died July 6, 1775. David Coe, second 
son of Joseph and Abigail, was born February 18, 
1716, in Durham, and settled in Middlefield, where 
he was a prosperous and influential farmer. In 
1759 he was lieutenant of the Sixteenth Company, 
Sixth Regiment of Militia, and captain in 1764. 
Though too old for military service in the Revolu- 
tion, he was among the most patriotic supporters 
of the colonial cause, whose triumph he enjoyed 
many years, dying January 14, 1807. He married, 
in 1740, Hannah Camp, born November 15, 1720, 
died October 16, 1808, daughter of Nathan and 
Rhoda (Parsons) Camp, descended from Nicholas 
Camp, born before 1630, in England, son of John 
and Mary Camp. In 1638 he came from Nasing, 
County Essex, was at Watertown, Massachusetts ; 
at Wethersfield, Connecticut; in 1639 was at Guil- 
ford and, as early as 1646, had a house lot of six 
acres, one right and two parcels at Milford, Con- 
necticut. His name is on the list of free planters 
there dated November 20, 1639, and he joined the 
church at Milford, November 2, 1643. His wife, 
Sarah, died September 6, 1645, and was the first 
white adult buried at Milford. In 1670-71-72 his 
son, Nicholas Camp, bom 1630, was representa- 
tive ; was taxed on £ 199 of property at Milford ; 
conducted a store at "the West End." He was 
accepted an inhabitant of Derby in May, 1673, and 
died at Milford, June 10, 1706. He married, July 
14, 1652, Katherine Thompson, widow of Anthony 
Thompson. Joseph Camp, third son of Nicholas 
and Katherine, was bom December 15, 1657, in 
Milford, graduated from Harvard College in 1677, 
and died May 20, 1750, at Milford. He married 
Hannah Rogers, bom 1664, died January 9, 1740, 
daughter of Eleazer Rogers, who was a freeman 
at Milford in 1669. The eldest son of Joseph 
and Hannah (Rogers) Camp was Nathan Camp, 
born 1690, died February 27, 1767. He was an 

Conn. 11 — 14 209 



early settler in Durham, which town he repre- 
sented in the General Assembly fifteen years. He 
married, January i, 1717, Rhoda Parsons, born 
1694, in Northampton, Massachusetts, died July i, 
1767, in Durham, daughter of Samuel and Rhoda 
(Taylor) Parsons of Northampton and, late in 
life, of Durham. Hannah Camp, daughter of 
Nathan and Rhoda, became the wife of Captain 
David Coe, as above shown. Cornet Joseph Par- 
sons was an associate of William Pynchon in the 
settlement of Springfield, Massachusetts, and his 
name appears on a deed from the Indians to the 
colony, July 15, 1636. He was one of the founders 
of Northampton, one of the first purchasers from 
the Indians there in 1645. He accumulated a large 
estate and died October 9, 1683. He was a son of 
Sir Thomas Parsons, and came from Gravesend, 
England, sailing July 4, 1635, in the ship "Trans- 
port." He married, November 26, 1646, Mary, 
daughter of Thomas and Margaret (Ford) Bliss, 
of Hartford. Their son, Samuel Parsons, was 
born January 23, 1652, in Springfield, and went 
with his parents to Northampton, whence he 
removed, in 1709, to Durham, Connecticut. He 
married (second) about 1691, Rhoda, daughter of 
Robert and Thankful (Woodward) Taylor. Their 
daughter, Rhoda, became the wife of Nathan 
Camp, as previously related. 

Jesse Coe, second son of Captain David and 
Hannah (Camp) Coe, born November 14, 1743, in 
Durham (now Middlefield), was a farmer in the 
"South Farms" section of Middletown, where he 
died October 25, 1824. He married (third), in 
1795, Lucy, widow of Samuel Johnson, born April 
28, 1752, daughter of Thomas and Martha (Mil- 
ler) Atkins. Ezra Coe, seventh child of Jesse and 
Lucy (Atkins) Coe, was born June 26, 1796, in 
Middletown, remained on the paternal homestead, 
which he inherited, and died March 31, 1855. He 
married about 1816, Phebe Hubbard, bom about 
April 14, 1795, died May s, 1870, second daughter 
of Samuel and Huldah (Crowell) Hubbard, of 
West Long Hill, Middletown. She was a sister of 
Hon. Alfred Hubbard, of Long Hill. 

Lucy Ann Coe, daughter of Ezra and Phebe, 
became the wife of Henry Loveland Plum, as 
hereinbefore noted. 

Loren Hubbard Plum, son of Henry L. 
and Lucy A. (Coe) Plum, was born April 
22, 1854, in Westfield, and continued on 
the paternal farm until his death, which 
occurred March 22, 1901. He attended 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the local school and Daniel Chase's pre- 
paratory school in Middletown. He was 
successful as a general farmer, giving lit- 
tle attention to affairs beyond his own 
domain, though he felt an interest in the 
general welfare, and attempted to fulfill 
the duties of a good citizen. He embraced 
the Universalist faith in religion, and 
espoused the cause of the Democratic 
party in politics. He married, November 
21, 1876, Charlotte Roberts, born 1857, 
died July 2, 1886, daughter of Elijah and 
Mary (Brock) Roberts of Johnson Lane 
district, Middletown. Elijah Roberts was 
a son of Wickham and Sarah (Johnson) 
Roberts of Johnson Lane. After the death 
of Charlotte (Roberts) Plum, Loren H. 
Plum married Amelia Starr, now wife of 
Chauncey W. Roberts. 

Elihu Henry Plum grew up on the old 
Plum homestead, attending the local 
school and Central School of Middletown 
city. Because of the failing health of his 
father, he was early obliged to take charge 
of the operation of the farm, and has 
since continued in that occupation. A 
reader and intelligent observer of events, 
he keeps abreast of the times and is recog- 
nized as a leader in agricultural aflfairs. 
He is a member of Westfield Grange, of 
which he has been several times Master, 
of the Pomona and National granges. For 
twenty-seven years, Mr. Plum has en- 
gaged in the milk business, delivering to 
customers in the city. He acknowledges 
no allegiance to blind partizanship, though 
a supporter of Democratic principles, and 
seeks no political favors. While a Uni- 
versalist in religious faith, he supports 
the Congregational Church, and seeks to 
further every moral influence. 

He married, November 7, 1900, Edna 
Scranton, born May 10, 1874, in North 
Madison, Connecticut, daughter of Alfred 
and Emma (Francis) Scranton of that 



town. Mr. and Mrs. Plum are the par- 
ents of: I. Marion Frances, born No- 
vember 16, 1901. 2. Loren Alfred, July 

16, 1903. 3. Howard Everett, October 

17, 1914. 



SMITH, Robert Kemble, 

Business Man. 

A scion of an old and distinguished 
family both in the paternal and maternal 
lines and a worthy representative of the 
progressive American business man, Rob- 
ert Kemble Smith's career proves that this 
is the day of the young man, and that it 
is no longer necessary to reach middle 
age before attaining success. Mr. Smith 
was born in Hartford, Connecticut, May 
29, 1890, son of Charles Howell and Kate 
(Kemble) Smith. The immigrant ances- 
tor of the family was Richard Smith, an 
original proprietor of Lyme, Connecticut, 
and in this section of the State many de- 
scendants of this worthy man are still 
found. Another prominent ancestor was 
Elder William Brewster, of the "Mayflow- 
er," and through the maternal lines, de- 
scent can be traced from Samuel Gorton, 
one of the founders of the town of War- 
wick, Rhode Island. The great-grandfather 
of Robert Kemble Smith was Elisha Smith, 
of East Lyme, and he served in the War 
of 1812, holding the rank of sergeant. He 
married Mary Gorton, and they were the 
parents of Charles H. Smith, who was 
born in East Lyme, October 27, 1828, and 
died at Hartford, Connecticut, May 24, 
1907. He lived in East Lyme until he 
was fourteen years old, where he attended 
school and was then sent to Westfield, 
Massachusetts, where he lived with his 
brother. Rev. William Angus Smith. For 
two years Charles H. Smith attended the 
Westfield Academy, and then came to 
Hartford, and became associated with 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



another brother, John Gorton Smith, who 
had been engaged in the dry-goods busi- 
ness for many years. The store owned 
by the latter was called the "Long Brick 
Store" and there many merchants who 
became successful in later years served 
their apprenticeship. It was in 1844 that 
Charles H. Smith entered his brother's 
employ, and from this year until the time 
of his death he was identified with the 
mercantile interests of the city and sub- 
sequently was among the representative 
merchants. In 1851, by economy and 
thrift, Mr. Smith was in a position to buy 
his brother's interests in business when 
the latter removed to New York City. 
Twenty years later ill health obliged Mr. 
Smith to sell his store to the firm of 
Brown-Thomson & Company. He con- 
tinued to be active in financial and in- 
dustrial matters, however, and was a 
trustee of the Connecticut Trust & Safe 
Deposit Company ; a director of the 
Phoenix Insurance Company ; a founder 
and director of the Smyth Manufacturing 
Company. In 1877, Mr. Smith formed a 
partnership with Edwin D. Tiffany, and 
his son, Charles Howell Smith, to engage 
in a general brokerage business, and this 
relation was maintained until 1894 in 
which year the son's death occurred, and 
the same year the father resigned his 
active business connections. In politics, 
Mr. Smith was a Republican ; a member of 
the Connecticut Historical Society ; the 
Hartford Club, and was a member of the 
South Congregational Church. He trav- 
elled extensively for over sixty years. 

In 1852 he married (first) Harriet E. 
Hills, a daughter of Howell R. Hills, a 
merchant dealing in boots and shoes, and 
they were the parents of one son, Charles 
Howell Smith. The mother died in 1855, 
and Mr. Smith married (second) in 1861, 
Jane T. Hills, daughter of Ellery Hills, 
also a prominent merchant. 



Charles Howell Smith, son of Charles 
and Harriet (Hills) Smith, was born in 
1853 ^"d died in 1894 at the early age of 
forty-one years. He received the bene- 
fits of a broad education and soon after 
completing school was associated with 
his father and later was a partner in the 
brokerage business. He was also secre- 
tary and treasurer of the Valley Railroad 
and gave promise of a career in business 
that would equal his father's if it had 
not been cut short by his untimely death. 
Mr. Smith married Kate Kemble of Paw 
Paw, Michigan, and they were the par- 
ents of Robert Kemble Smith. 

The latter was educated in the public 
schools of Hartford and the Hotchkiss 
Grammar School at Lakeville, Connecti- 
cut. Later he was a student at Williams 
College, and soon after this time became 
identified with the insurance interests of 
Hartford, a line of work he has continued 
to the present time. He was associated 
with the Connecticut Mutual Life Insur- 
ance Company and later was a special 
agent of the Travelers' Insurance Com- 
pany. In 1914 he engaged in business on 
his own account as a general insurance 
broker, and is now the representative of 
the Western Insurance Company of To- 
ronto ; the Fidelity and Phoenix Fire 
Insurance Company of New York and 
several Hartford companies. 

A few years ago Mr. Smith added real 
estate to his other business and at this 
time incorporated as the Robert K. Smith 
Company, Incorporated. He is a member 
of the Hartford Real Estate Board. While 
at college he became a member of the fra- 
ternity, Chi Psi ; is a member of Wyllys 
Lodge, Ancient Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons of West Hartford. His clubs are: 
the Hartford Golf and the Town Fish 
and Game Club. 

Mr. Smith married Marion Calhoun, 
daughter of Louis F. Middlebrook of 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Hartford. Mrs. Smith is prominent in 
the social life of the city and is well known 
in golf circles. The children of Mr. and 
Mrs. Smith are : Lucius Middlebrook, 
Katharine Kemble, Sally Brinsmade. The 
family attends Trinity Episcopal Church 
and aids in its support. 



ROBERTS, David Beaumont, 
Antomobile Dealer. 

One of the earliest families in Connecti- 
cut history, the descendants of the Roberts 
family are now found in several States and 
are among the useful and upright citizens. 
This family was founded by William 
Roberts, son of Catherine Leete and a Mr. 
"Robards" ; the former came from Mid- 
dletown, Connecticut, and lived near the 
foot of Smith's lane on the Meadow Hill, 
south of the present "Bridge Road," the 
main street at the time following this 
meadow bank. William Roberts married 
Dorothy Forbes, daughter of Captain 
James Forbes, the progenitor of the 
Forbes family in East Hartford, and 
from her father she received six acres of 
land. On this plot William Roberts built 
his dwelling. In 1703 he served as the 
committee of the minister's house ; in 
1709 he deeded land and a saw mill and in 
1729 he deeded all his land to his son Ben- 
jamin. William Roberts died in 1734 or 
1735. The fifth of the seven children 
born to William and Dorothy (Forbes) 
Roberts, 

(II) Joseph Roberts, was baptized 
August II, 1700, and died February 14, 
1774. He married Mabel Keeney, who 
died October 16, 1776, at the age of 
seventy-one years. 

(III) Joseph Roberts, his son, married 
Thankful, daughter of David and Mary 
(Hills) Forbes; she died May 28, 1820, 
aged eighty years. Their son. 



(IV) Elisha Roberts was born April 
15, 1762, and baptized on the eighteenth 
of the same month, and died April 19, 
1829. He married Sarah, daughter of 
Joshua Risley, and her death occurred 
November 16, 1829. Their son, 

(V) Joseph Roberts was baptized Au- 
gust 12, 1787, and died July 7, 1838. He 
married Harriet, daughter of James Smith 
and was the father of 

(VI) Edwin Morrison Roberts, born in 
East Hartford, where he was baptized 
April 4, 1819, and died in 1903. He was 
one of the first manufacturers of solid 
silver knives, forks and spoons in this 
country, and was engaged in this business 
until about twelve years before his death 
when he retired. In the latter years the 
business was conducted under the firm 
name of Edwin M. Roberts & Son. Mr. 
Roberts always resided in East Hartford 
where he was active in politics, and a 
leader in town afifairs. He was a member 
of the Putnam Phalanx and of the East 
Hartford Masonic Lodge. Mr. Roberts 
married Mary Ann, daughter of Russell 
Cowles of Newark, New Jersey, born in 
1826, died in 1891. 

(VII) Joseph William Roberts, their 
son, was born February 20, 1859, and was 
brought up in the environment of farm 
life. He became a partner of his father in 
the silver business later in life, and their 
plant was located near where the present 
East Hartford depot is situated. After 
about four years in the silver business, 
the son withdrew, and went to Bristol, 
Connecticut, where he was in charge of a 
silver-plating plant which he installed for 
the Bristol Brass & Clock Company. Mr. 
Roberts was there two years and then 
returned to East Hartford where he be- 
came associated with the J. B. Williams 
Company of Glastonbury in their cutlery 
department. For years he travelled for 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



this firm, his period of service totaling 
thirty-two years until his death, April 28, 
1914. Mr. Roberts was essentially do- 
mestic in his tastes, his interests outside 
his business centering on his home and in 
the church. He was a member of the East 
Hartford Congregational Church for many 
years. Mr. Roberts married, October 27, 
1881, Jeanette Louise, daughter of David 
and Rebecca (Allen) Beaumont. 

(VIII) David Beaumont Roberts was 
born January 6, 1882, in East Hartford, 
and from a very early age showed the 
dominant business instinct which has 
placed him among the prominent business 
men of Hartford and East Hartford to- 
day. Mr. Roberts attended Morse Busi- 
ness College after completing his public 
school course, and when only fourteen 
years of age engaged in the bicycle busi- 
ness on his own account, handling the 
Barnes Cycle and the Columbia bicycle, 
and sold most of the bicycles that were 
sold in East Hartford. After five years 
he became the agent of the Pope-Hartford 
automobile in Rockville, Connecticut, and 
was among the earliest auto dealers in 
Hartford County. Mr. Roberts was lo- 
cated in Rockville for eight years and then 
took the agency for Ford cars ; he came to 
Hartford in 1907 and took over the Buick 
agency which he still retains. His terri- 
tory covers Hartford and Tolland counties 
and he has an interest in three other Buick 
agencies. In 192 1 Mr. Roberts built a 
fine, large brick garage in East Hartford, 
which is the headquarters for the Buick 
cars, and which has also materially added 
to the upbuilding of the town of East 
Hartford. There is a large display room 
taking up practically the whole front of 
the garage. On the side is a wide drive- 
way leading to the rear where all repairs 
are made and there is also a used car de- 
partment dealing entirely in Buick cars. 



Mr. Roberts organized the Springfield 
Buick Company and the Greenfield Buick 
Company, both of which companies he 
still directs. The Hartford Buick Com- 
pany was organized in 1909. 

Mr. Roberts has ably demonstrated 
that it is not necessary to seek fields far 
away from one's birthplace to win success 
in the business world ; opportunities are 
right at hand for those who have eyes to 
see. Other business interests of Mr. 
Roberts include the New England Amuse- 
ment Company of which he is the organ- 
izer and which operates a theater in Hart- 
ford and in New London. He has also 
developed several real estate properties 
and has made an enviable reputation for 
good judgment in seeing business oppor- 
tunities and for making a success of his 
undertakings. 

In spite of the many demands upon his 
time from his business interests, he 
showed his true descent from the early 
immigrants when he enlisted in service 
during the World War. He was in the 
air-plant section of motor production and 
was transferred from Washington to the 
production department of the Hispano- 
Suiza Company at New Brunswick, New 
Jersey, and Elizabeth, where he remained 
about six months when the Armistice was 
signed. 

Fraternally Mr. Roberts is a member 
of the Modern Woodmen of America and 
of Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks of Hartford. He finds recreation and 
profitable pleasure at his farm in Haddam 
where he makes his home and specializes 
in the raising of pure-bred Shropshire 
sheep. Each year he exhibits at the State 
Fair at Danbury and at Springfield and 
received ribbons from both places. He is 
a member of the American Shropshire 
Association and is also a member of the 



213 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Farm Bureau and of the Farmers' Co- 
operative Buyers Company. 

Mr. Roberts married Maude I., daugh- 
ter of Thomas Dunn of South Manchester, 
Connecticut, and they are the parents of 
two children : Mabelle and Harry Roberts. 

(The Beaumont Line). 

The history of the Beaumont family is 
closely associated with the history of East 
Hartford, Connecticut. Makens Bemont, 
the founder, was born in France in 1743, 
and came to the United States from Eng- 
land where he had resided for a time. His 
occupation was a saddler and he made 
saddles for the soldiers of the Revolu- 
tionary War. After the country was re- 
stored to peace, Makens Bemont contin- 
ued to follow his trade and by industry 
and thrift, combined with good judgment, 
he acquired considerable wealth and was 
among the prominent and substantial 
citizens of his day. His wife, Parmelia, 
was born in 1752 and died in 1832, and 
they were the parents of seven children 
of whom the youngest was : 

Elijah Bemont, born in East Hartford, 
July I, 1791. He attended the schools of 
the neighborhood and during all his spare 
time was accustomed to work about his 
father's place. In those days boys were 
not permitted to play very much, as their 
parents believed it fostered idleness. Eli- 
jah Bemont served in the War of 1812 
as a member of a company of riflemen 
from East Hartford, and later in life re- 
ceived a pension for his services. He 
married, November i, 1841, Electa, born 
May 31, 1794, daughter of James and 
Eunice (Rowley) White. After his mar- 
riage he located on Burnside Avenue and 
entered into the business of furnishing 
lumber for ships and fire wood. After his 
sons grew to manhood, they became his 
assistants and their business grew and 



prospered. It was necessary for Mr. 
Bemont to make a trip to New Bedford, 
Massachusetts, a ship-building center, and 
some of his customers bought from him 
for forty years in succession, which in 
itself is proof of his integrity and upright 
business dealings. 

David B. Beaumont, son of Elijah and 
Electa Beaumont, was born in East Hart- 
ford, August 20, 1831, and died about 
1881. He was reared on a farm and re- 
mained at home until his marriage. For 
some years he was in business for himself 
as a car man and resided in Manchester, 
Connecticut. He later engaged in the 
railroad contracting business and built 
part of the Air Line Road which ran 
through Shelburne Falls and Greenfield, 
Massachusetts. In his later life he pur- 
chased a small place near the homestead 
and dealt extensively in horses ; he had a 
natural love for animals, especially horses 
and for over twenty years he carried on a 
successful business. Mr. Beaumont mar- 
ried Emeline Rebecca Allen of Meriden, 
and their daughter, Jeanette Louise, be- 
came the wife of Joseph William Roberts, 
as above mentioned. 

The children of Mr. and Mrs. Roberts 
were : David Beaumont, of extended men- 
tion previously ; Elizabeth May, wife of 
Eugene Oscar Peabody of Philadelphia ; 
Erwin Edward, of San Diego. 



STOW, James Pomeroy, 

Town and Cit^ Official 

The Stow family was among the early 
residents of Middletown, and embraced a 
large progeny, which has been identified 
with the history of Middletown and Mid- 
dlefield, and Cromwell, down to the pres- 
ent time (See Bacon, C. S.). The first 
from whom the descent of James Pom- 
eroy Stow can be traced was Alanson 



214 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Stow, born about 1790, who engaged in 
agriculture through his life in the town of 
Cromwell. His first location was in "The 
Nooks" then a popular settlement near 
the present factory at North Cromwell. 
Subsequently he removed to what is 
known as the "Plains" where he died 
October 15, 1864. He married, February 
7, 1812, Sally Pardee, who was a native 
of Cromwell and died there March 9, 1867. 
Their second son, Asa Bray Stow, born 
May 15, 1818, in what is now Cromwell, 
early turned his attention to business. 
Before attaining his majority, he went to 
Charleston, South Carolina, where he 
resided for a time and later made a second 
trip to the South, where he engaged in 
business. He became a painter and on 
the second return to his native State was 
employed in that capacity for a time at 
Meriden. Later he conducted a paint 
shop in Middletown and in time formed a 
partnership with William Bogelt.and car- 
ried on an extensive business as a decor- 
ator, many fresco paintings of Middlesex 
County being his handiwork. He also 
conducted a wood engraving business, and 
died in Middletown, February 23, 1898, 
and was buried in Indian Hill Cemetery. 
He was one of the three original corpo- 
rators of that home of the dead in associ- 
ation with Daniel Chase and E. F. Shel- 
don. In his later years, Mr. Stow was 
engaged in developing considerable real 
estate holdings in Middletown and was 
interested in the summer resort at Cres- 
cent Beach, which he aided largely in 
building up. He was interested in mili- 
tary affairs, was a member of the Cadets 
and subsequently an original member of 
the Mansfield Guard of Middletown, a 
noted militia organization. He was affili- 
ated with the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows and St. John's Lodge, No. 2, Free 
and Accepted Masons ; was a man of very 

2 



large figure, standing six feet in height 
and weighed two hundred and forty 
pounds. He married. May, 1843, Maria 
Louise Crossley, who was born May 22, 
1826, in Middletown, eldest daughter of 
David and Maria (Chamberlain) Crossley 
of that town. His widow continued to 
reside at the family home, No. 60 Ferry 
Street, erected in 1852, until May i, 1901, 
when she went to reside with her young- 
est son in Middletown. Mr. Stow and 
wife were attendants of the Baptist 
Church in Middletown, of which Mrs. 
Stow was a member. 

James Pomeroy Stow was born August 
16, 185 1, on Ferry Street in Middletown, 
where he grew up, receiving his education 
in the public schools and Wesleyan Uni- 
versity, from which he was graduated in 
1875. As a boy he had charge of his 
father's books and subsequently became 
secretary and treasurer of the Middletown 
Electric Light Company, upon its organi- 
zation, continuing in that capacity for 
several years, after which he became gen- 
eral manager and continued as such to 
July I, 1896. He was also a director of 
the E. T. Burgess Cut Glass Company 
from its organization, and in time became 
its secretary and treasurer. In 1880 he 
was elected a member of the Common 
Council and in the following year was 
made clerk and treasurer of the city of 
Middletown, in which capacity he has 
served continuously with the exception of 
one year. He was also treasurer of the 
town of Middletown from 1881 to 1893, 
and from 1895 to 1920, when another was 
elected to that office. His long continu- 
ance in these various capacities of re- 
sponsibility and importance, testify to his 
standing as a business man and his popu- 
larity with the voters of his native town. 
This is especially emphasized by the fact 
that he is a Democrat, while the normal 

15 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



majority of both town and city is Repub- 
lican. In 1921 and 1923 he was nomi- 
nated by both parties, being elected with- 
out opposition. Mr. Stow is a life trustee 
of his father's estate and of the Middle- 
town holdings of his deceased uncle, 
James P. Stow, formerly of Meriden. He 
continues as director of the Middletown 
Electric Light Company and is also inter- 
ested in various social organizations. He 
is a member of Holy Trinity Church of 
Middletown, of which he was some years 
treasurer, is now secretary of Middletown 
Lodge No. 2341, New England Order of 
Protection, is a member of Central Lodge 
No. 12, Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows, and Souhegan Encampment No. 6, 
of the same order ; of Middletown Lodge 
No. 771, Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks ; of Arawana Tribe No. 17, Im- 
proved Order of Red Men and of Mata- 
besset Council No. 12, Order of United 
American Men. He is a member of Mid- 
dletown Yacht Club and also of the 
Chamber of Commerce and is ever ready 
to favor any movement calculated to 
benefit the interests of the community in 
general. 

Mr. Stow was married, October 17, 
1883, to Mary Dyas Stevens, a native of 
Louisiana, reared in Middletown, daugh- 
ter of Frederick Stevens. She died Janu- 
ary 8, 1910. Mr. and Mrs. Stow were the 
parents of two sons and two daughters : 
James P. Stow, Jr., born July 12, 1884, 
is superintendent of construction for a 
large contracting firm in Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania ; Frederick Stevens, born 
October 9, 1886, is assistant superintend- 
ent of the Baker Dunbar Allen Company 
of Pittsburgh ; Dorothy Mary, born No- 
vember 6, 1890, is the wife of James P. 
Hasselman, an instructor in the college 
at East Lansing, Michigan ; Sarah Nan- 
nette, born April 14, 1897, was married. 



October 5, 1922, to Rev. Lloyd Young 
Graham, 3d., rector of Grace Church, New 
York City. 



SMITH, ClifTord Burr, 

Engineer. 

A native of Middletown, born June 13', 
1879, second son of the late Herbert E. 
Smith, the subject of this sketch is a mem- 
ber of the well known English family 
which brought the art of jappanning to 
this country. James O. Smith, father of 
Herbert E., introduced this business to 
Middletown, and founded a business that 
is still in successful and growing oper- 
ation. 

Herbert Edgar Smith, fifth son of James 
O. and Mary A. (Smith) Smith, was born 
January 28, 1849, i" the Westfield sec- 
tion of Middletown, where he attended 
the public schools until fourteen years of 
age, when he accompanied his parents to 
New York City. There he was a student 
in the public schools and the College of 
the City of New York, graduating from 
the latter institution in 1871. After a 
post-graduate course in civil engineering 
at Yale Scientific School, in 1872 he was 
employed in railroad construction at Ft. 
Wayne, Indiana, and later in Ohio, on the 
Continental Railroad, now part of the 
New York, Chicago & St. Louis Line 
known as the '"Nickel Plate." In 1873 he 
returned to his native place and became a 
part of the working force of the J. O. 
Smith Manufacturing Company, with 
which he continued to be identified until 
his death. May 11, 1904. On the reorgan- 
ization of the concern in 1878 he became 
secretary and treasurer, and was treasurer 
and manager many years, aiding no little 
in building up the business. 

Mr. Smith married, April 21, 1874, Ella 
Julia Burr, who was born April 15, 1849 



216 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



in Berlin, Connecticut, daughter of Julius 
W. and Julia Ellen (Cornwall) Burr of 
that town. Her ancestors were among 
the leading citizens of Connecticut. The 
founder of the family was Benjamin Burr, 
one of the original proprietors of Hart- 
ford, Connecticut. The first evidence of 
his presence in America appears in the 
land division in Hartford in 1639, where 
he is spoken of as an original proprietor 
and settler, indicating that he was there in 
1635. He was probably in Massachusetts 
before that time, as the settlers of Hart- 
ford came from the vicinity of Boston. 
His allotment in the division of 1639 was 
six acres, and in 1658 he was admitted 
freeman, showing that he was then a 
member of the church. It is apparent 
that he was a thrifty and well-to-do man, 
as he owned more than one house lot in 
Hartford, beside houses and lands at 
Greenfield and Windsor. His name has 
been given to one of the streets in Hart- 
ford, where he died March 31, 1681. His 
name appears on the monument to the 
original settlers in the First Church cem- 
etery. His son, Samuel Burr, born in 
England, was a freeman in Hartford in 
May, 1658, and he died there September 
29, 1682, leaving a good estate, whose in- 
ventory value was placed at £541, los. 
I id. He married Mary Baysey, daughter 
of John and Elizabeth Baysey, among the 
early settlers of Hartford. Jonathan Burr, 
youngest child of Samuel, born 1679, set- 
tled after 1696 in Middletown, Connecti- 
cut, where he united with the First 
Church, and died January i, 1735. He 
married Abigail Hubbard, born February 
16, 1686, in Middletown. daughter of Na- 
thaniel and Mary (Earle) Hubbard and 
granddaughter of George Hubbard, found- 
er of a numerous family in America and 
a pioneer of Middletown. Nathaniel Burr, 
third son of Jonathan and Abigail, was 



born March 23, 1717, in Middletown, set- 
tling in the adjoining town of Haddam, 
where he was a farmer, built a house on 
the present site of the Methodist Church, 
and died September 12, 1802. He married 
(second), August 19, 1743, Sarah Por- 
ter, who was born October 28, 1724, died 
May 21, 1797. The name of his first wife 
is unknown. His fourth son, Jonathan 
Burr, born April 11, 1756, in Haddam, 
joined the Continental Army at the age 
of twenty-one years and became a corpo- 
ral in the company commanded by Cap- 
tain Martin Kirtland, in Colonel Erastus 
Wolcott's regiment. After his discharge 
from the army he engaged in farming, 
was captain of the local militia company 
and died February 10, 1804. He married 
Lydia Bailey, and their fifth son, Daniel 
Burr, was a farmer and contractor resid- 
ing in Haddam, where he died in 1833. 
He married Betsey Wilcox, and their sec- 
ond son was Julius Wilcox Burr. The 
latter, born June 21, 1822, in Haddam, 
began learning the blacksmith trade at the 
age of sixteen years. He settled in Ber- 
lin, Connecticut, and was among the 
founders of the Peck, Stowe & Wilcox 
Company of East Berlin. He was also a 
director of the Berlin Bridge Company 
and was active in the management of the 
J. O. Smith Manufacturing Company of 
Middletown. He was a member of the 
Congregational Church, a consistent Re- 
publican in political principle, essentially 
a business man with no itch for office, a 
good neighbor and useful citizen. He 
married, October i, 1845, Julia Ellen 
Cornwall, born November 21, 1823, in 
Middletown, daughter of Joseph and Lu- 
cinda (Miller) Cornwall. Ella Julia Burr, 
daughter of Julius W., became the wife of 
Herbert E. Smith, as previously related. 
They were the parents of three sons : i. 
Herbert Eugene, died in infancy. 2. Clif- 



217 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ford B. 3. Edson Eugene, who died in 
March, 1913, aged thirty-one years. 

Clifford Burr Smith, second and only 
surviving son of Herbert E. and Ella J. 
(Burr) Smith, born June 13, 1879, in 
Westfield, grew up there and received his 
education in the schools of the town, in- 
cluding the high school, from which he 
was graduated in 1896. He began his 
business career as a draughtsman appren- 
tice in the office of the Berlin Iron Bridge 
Company of East Berlin. Here he ap- 
plied himself diligently and made rapid 
progress, finding the work agreeable to 
his taste. At the age of twenty-three 
years, in 1902, he was employed in the 
construction of the Hudson River Tun- 
nels in New York, often called the Mc- 
Adoo tunnels, because they were the 
result of the genius and steadfast deter- 
mination of William G. McAdoo. After 
several years in this employment, Mr. 
Smith returned to Connecticut and en- 
tered the employ of the Berlin Construc- 
tion Company, which is engaged in the 
erection of bridges and other iron and 
steel structures. Here he has continued 
to the present time, sound evidence of 
his capability and faithfulness. He occu- 
pies a pleasant residence on Mt. Vernon 
Street, Middletown, and endeavors to ful- 
fill the duties of a good citizen. Though 
not a blind partizan, he usually supports 
the efforts of the Republican party in 
securing capable and upright government. 
He is vice-president of the J. O. Smith 
Manufacturing Company, and is identified 
with various Masonic bodies up to the 
thirty-second degree, through Scottish 
Rite. He is a member of St. John's Lodge, 
No. 2, Ancient Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons ; Washington Chapter, No. 6, Royal 
Arch Masons ; Cyrene Commandery, No. 
8, Knights Templar ; Columbia Council ; 
and Sphinx Temple, Ancient Arabic 



Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine of 
Hartford. Through descent from Michael 
Smith, he is a member of the New 
York Society, Sons of the Revolution. 
Mr. Smith married, April 12, 1909, Bessie 
E. Burns, born January 13, 1882, in West- 
field, daughter of Edgar H. and Laura 
Edith (Mildrum) Burns, the former a 
native of Westfield and the latter of East 
Berlin, Connecticut. Mr. Burns is an 
active and useful citizen of Westfield, 
identified with the J. O. Smith Manufac- 
turing Company as foreman. 



SPEAR, William Perkins, 
Merchant. 

A native of Middletown, Mr. Spear is 
continuing the mercantile business estab- 
lished by his father more than half a cen- 
tury since, in that town. Aaron Spear, 
grandfather of William Perkins, was born 
in 1827, near Frankfurt, Germany, and 
came to America before 1850, settling in 
Hartford, Connecticut. Having little 
capital, he started out in business in sell- 
ing goods from a pack which he bore on 
his back. He persevered and, in time, 
saved sufficient capital to engage in busi- 
ness in the city, having a partner, under 
the style of Spear & Kohn. They con- 
ducted a general store on Asylum Street, 
and were started on a successful career 
when an unfortunate accident closed Mr. 
Spear's life. In i860, while passing a 
building under construction, he was 
struck by a falling board studded with 
nails, some of which penetrated his brain, 
and led to his death within a short time. 
At first he seemed to recover, but his 
death occurred suddenly soon after, and 
was attributed to his injuries. Soon after 
coming to Hartford, he brought his par- 
ents from Germany to that city. He mar- 
ried, in 1854, Nannie Kohn, who was born 
18 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



January 3, 1834, in the same locality as 
himself. On his death the widow was 
left with three sons to rear and care for, 
the eldest being seven years old and the 
youngest a babe. With limited means, 
she performed her task well, lived to see 
her sons well established in business, and 
able to bless her last years with every 
comfort. In 1890 she moved from Hart- 
ford to Middletown, where she died Feb- 
ruary ID, 1899. 

Isaac Spear, second son of Aaron, was 
born December 25, 1858, in Hartford, and 
there attended school until twelve years 
of age, when he started out to earn his 
livelihood, with such aids as his natural 
ambition, energy and industry. His first 
employment was in the store of Bernhard 
Levy in Hartford, as utility boy, at the 
salary of two and one-half dollars per 
week. Here he continued eight years, 
in that period acquiring a thorough knowl- 
edge of the business, becoming buyer for 
the store and enjoying a salary of eighteen 
dollars per week. That was long before 
the World War had established the pres- 
ent ruling wages and prices. He became 
very proficient as a sign-writer, and now 
determined to engage in business on his 
own account. His savings had gathered a 
little capital, but his employer gave such 
material aid as to prove the integrity of 
the young man, as well as to testify to his 
business ability. Mr. Levy introduced 
him to wholesale dealers in New York 
and guaranteed his bills, which was a 
wonderful aid to one about to launch in 
business. After looking about Mr. Spear 
decided to establish a store in Middle- 
town, and the result justified his judg- 
ment, for he was immediately successful. 
His first location was on the east side of 
Main Street, in the building where his 
sons are now conducting business. In 
1880 his brother, Jacob Spear, joined him. 



and since that date the business has been 
conducted under the name of Spear 
Brothers. In 1886 the store was moved 
to Nos. 400 to 402 Main Street, and there 
continued until after the death of both 
proprietors. Two enlargements of the 
building were made in their time and the 
scope of the business was extended. In 
1890 Jacob Spear retired and the younger 
brother, Simon Spear, took his place. He 
died May 29, 1921. Isaac Spear was a 
member of the Middletown Board of 
Trade from its organization. He died 
June 19, 1921. Mr. Spear married, April 
15, 1891, in New Bedford, Massachusetts, 
Caroline Elizabeth Pitman, a native of 
that city, born March i, 1864, daughter of 
George W. and Elizabeth (Perkins) Pit- 
man. George W. Pitman, born in Fall 
River, was a carpenter and builder, and 
married (recorded in Newport, Rhode 
Island), April i, 1850, Elizabeth Perkins, 
of New Bedford, whose paternal grand- 
father, Henry Perkins, was a member of 
the famous "Boston Tea Party," which 
demonstrated the determination of the 
colonists to resist the tax on tea, one of 
the movements which precipitated the 
American Revolution. Later, Henry 
Perkins was a soldier of the Revolution. 
The Pitman family had several repre- 
sentatives early in New England. At the 
comparatively recent date when English- 
men took surnames the founder of this 
family, probably, dwelt near a pit or was 
employed in one. In the Hundred Rolls 
of 1273 Johannes Piteman is mentioned. 
A family of the name was seated at Dun- 
chideock-house. County Devon, for sev- 
eral generations, and appears in the 
parish registers from 1552, Geoflfrey Pit- 
man was sheriflf of SufTolk County in 
1625, and the name appears in Yorkshire 
pedigrees. The arms of the Suffolk fam- 
ily are : Gules two poleaxes in saltire or. 



219 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



headed argent, between four mullets of 
the last. Crest, a Moor's arm proper 
escarroned gules and or, advancing a pole- 
axe, handle or, headed argent. Thomas 
Pitman, born 1614, and Mark Pitman, 
born 1622, were early at Marblehead, 
Massachusetts. William Pitman, born 
1632, settled at Oyster River, New Hamp- 
shire. Nathaniel Pitman was at Salem, 
Massachusetts, as early as 1639. John 
Pitman settled at Charlestown in 1658. 

As far as known, the first of this fam- 
ily was Henry Pitman, one of the first set- 
tlers of Nassau, Bahama Islands (about 
1666), where he built a dwelling and 
made considerable improvements, and 
died at the end of fifteen years. His son 
John Pitman, born 1663, lived for some 
time on the plantation established by his 
father, established a shipyard and built 
several vessels, continuing on New Prov- 
idence Island until his house was burned 
by the French and Spaniards in July, 
1703. For seven years he lived on the 
other islands and, in 1710, moved to New- 
port, Rhode Island, where he died No- 
vember 21, 171 1, aged forty-five years. 
His wife, Mary Saunders, survived him 
ten days, dying December i, 171 1. Their 
graves are marked by a double stone in 
the old cemetery at Newport. They had 
seven sons. The third, Benjamin Pitman, 
was born 1697, on New Providence, was 
a freeman at Newport in 1741, and died 
September 12, 1762. His wife, Mary, 
died November 19, 1746, aged forty-nine 
years. They had five sons. The second 
of these, John Pitman, lived in Newport, 
where he died December 27, 1768. He 
married, May 6, 1750, Abigail, daughter 
of Andrew and Abigail (Plaisted) Nich- 
ols. She was admitted to Dr. Stiles' 
Church, November 10, 1771, and her four 
surviving children were baptized at the 
same time, namely : John, Mary, Thomas 



Gilbert and Benjamin. The eldest of 
these, John, born June 27, 1757, died May 
25, 1809, was the father of Charles Pit- 
man, first postmaster at Fall River. John 
Pitman married Nancy Bennett, born 
1756, died September 16, 1828. 

Charles Pitman, born March 3, 1790, in 
Newport, went to Fall River early in the 
history of that place as a city and was its 
first postmaster, opening the first mail 
February 12, 181 1. Subsequently he was 
a farmer and successful merchant. He 
was the father of George W. Pitman, 
whose daughter became the wife of Isaac 
Spear, as previously related. Mrs. Spear 
died June 26, 1909, and was buried at New 
Bedford. She was a member of the South 
Congregational Church. She was the 
mother of three sons, George Pitman, 
William Perkins and Robert Lyndon. 
The eldest died unmarried in 1917. The 
others receive further mention below. 

William Perkins Spear was born June 
5, 1896, in Middletown, and graduated 
from the city high school in 1914, after 
which he was a student at Lehigh Uni- 
versity. In 1917 he entered the store of 
which he is now senior proprietor, and 
has since given his attention to business, 
meantime giving considerable time to 
public affairs. His public spirit is re- 
markable, and he is often called to pub- 
lic service in many ways. For thirteen 
months he was in the air service of the 
United States during the recent World 
War. Since then his share in the social, 
benevolent and fraternal activities of Mid- 
dletown has been an important one. He 
is a member of the South Church ; of 
Central Lodge, No. 12, Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows ; St. John's Lodge, No. 2, 
Free and Accepted Masons ; Washington 
Chapter, No. 6, Royal Arch Masons ; 
Cyrene Commandery, No. 8, Knights 
Templar; and Sphinx Temple, Ancient 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine 
of Hartford. He is a member of the col- 
lege fraternity, Sigma Phi, of the Cham- 
ber of Commerce, Young Men's Christian 
Association, member of executive com- 
mittee Community Service, chairman of 
the merchants' committee of the Chamber 
of Commerce, and president of the Mid- 
dlesex County Republican Club. He is 
also a member of the common council of 
the city, and has flattering political pros- 
pects. Of genial nature, engaging manners 
and frank and upright character, he easily 
gains and holds enduring friendships. 

Mr. Spear married, August 4, 1917, 
Viola Starr, who was born June 8, 1896, 
in Butler, Pennsylvania, daughter of Wil- 
liam Matthewson and Isabella (Orr) 
Starr. Mr. and Mrs. Spear are the par- 
ents of two daughters, Caroline Elizabeth 
and Patricia. 



SPEAR, Robert Lyndon, 
Merchant. 

The youngest son of Isaac Spear, born 
May 25, 1898, in Middletown, Mr. Spear 
has been identified with the business 
founded by his father from an early age. 
After graduating from the city high 
school in 1917, he permanently entered 
the store where he has continued to the 
present time. He has charge of the 
books of the firm and is buyer for the mil- 
linery department. Wide awake and ener- 
getic, he has made himself thoroughly 
acquainted with the details of the busi- 
ness, is courteous and efficient, thus pro- 
moting the continued prosperity of the 
store so long ago established by Isaac 
Spear. In 1923 the brothers purchased 
the building in which their father began 
business and now occupy a double store, 
with numerous departments, a thoroughly 
modern establishment, catering to the 



most critical custom of the city and main- 
taining the original policy which has car- 
ried the concern along through more 
than half a century of success. Mr. Spear 
is identified with social and fraternal 
organizations, thus taking part in those 
movements calculated to advance the in- 
terests of the community and the best 
uplifting agencies. He is a member of 
the South Congregational Church, of the 
Middletown City Club, and Chamber of 
Commerce. A consistent Republican in 
principle, he has never sought any part 
in political movements, beyond the nat- 
ural duty of a good citizen, in caucusing 
and voting. His influence is always with 
what he deems the right. Mr. Spear is 
affiliated with the great Masonic frater- 
nity, which seeks to inculcate sound prin- 
ciples and aid in promoting the progress 
of the world, and is a member of its lead- 
ing bodies, including St. John's Lodge, 
Washington Chapter, Cyrene Command- 
ery of Middletown, and Sphinx Temple, 
Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of the 
Mystic Shrine of Hartford. He married, 
July 22, 1921, Clara Hedin, who was born 
in Portland, Connecticut, daughter of the 
late Edwin P. and Emilie (Martin) Hedin, 
natives of Sweden and Norway, respect- 
ively. Mr. and Mrs. Spear have a son, 
Robert Lyndon Spear, Jr. 



REYNOLDS, Wilson S., 

Antomobile Dealer. 

The successful career of Mr. Reynolds 
cannot be described as a lucky accident, 
because it is the result of his own initi- 
ative, industry and intelligent action. 
From worthy leading men and women 
among his forebears, he has inherited 
those qualities which make for personal 
progress and esteem among one's fellows. 
The family was founded in America by 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



John Reynolds, born about 1625-30 in 
England. The name in early New Eng- 
land records appears as Renalds, Ranals, 
Runnels, and in other forms. John Rey- 
nolds appears first of record in Wey- 
mouth, Massachusetts, where he was 
granted five acres in the first division of 
land, December 14, 1663. This was the 
seventy-seventh lot from the Braintree 
line, and he received an additional fifteen 
acres in the second division of the same 
date. He sold out his holdings in the 
autumn of 1664 and in the spring of 1665 
located in Westerly, Rhode Island. Here 
he suffered hardship and oppression be- 
cause of the dispute with Connecticut 
about the boundary. He soon removed 
to Stonington and purchased one hundred 
acres on the east side of the Mintucket 
River, January 28, 1677. ^^ received a 
grant of fifty acres May 25, 1679, and one 
hundred acres adjoining March 8, 1680. 
Again, November 14, 1690, he received 
twelve acres. He died late in that year. 
He married Anne, daughter of Thomas 
Holbrook of Weymouth. Their young- 
est child, John Reynolds, born about 1662, 
received the homestead in consideration 
of care of his parents in their old age. In 
1701 he exchanged this property for a 
large tract of wild land near Lake Amos, 
in Preston, and subsequently acquired 
other tracts. His property was divided 
among his children before his death, 
which occurred April 13, 1734. His wife, 
Abigail, was received in the Stonington 
Church, April 2, 1689, and was living in 
1733. He was received in full communion 
at Stonington, May 29, 1705. Their third 
son, Jonathan Reynolds, was baptized 
June 21, 1700, in Stoningfton and lived in 
Preston, where he cared for his aged par- 
ents, inherited the homestead and died 
January 7, 1743. He married (second), 
April 6, 1727, Hannah Tracy, born April 



27, 1709, daughter of Christian and Lydia 
(Parrish) Tracy. Ebenezer Reynolds, 
fifth son of Jonathan, born February 24, 
1738, bought land in Stonington, was an 
innkeeper and farmer near the line be- 
tween north Stonington and Griswold, 
and died December 16, 1820. He married, 
October 27, 1759, Sarah Eggleston, a de- 
scendant of Joseph Eggleston who set- 
tled in North Stonington about 1670. He 
died August 26, 1826. Their third son, 
Jonathan Reynolds, born November 6, 
1778, was an innkeeper and farmer in 
Stonington, died August 16, 1839, in 
Franklin and was buried in Stonington. 
He married, in 1795, Susanna Billings, 
born January 19, 1775, died February 10, 
1829, daughter of Peleg and Mary (Stan- 
ton) Billings, granddaughter of Robert 
and Mary Billings, great-granddaughter 
of John and Mary, great-great-grand- 
daughter of John and Hannah (Thomp- 
son) Billings. The last named John was 
son of John and Hannah (Lord) Bil- 
lings. Hannah Lord was daughter of 
Thomas and Dorothy Lord, of Hartford, 
in 1636. 

Henry Billings Reynolds, eldest child of 
Jonathan and Susanna (Billings) Rey- 
nolds, was born October 19, 1796, in 
Preston, was a teacher in early life and 
also went to sea as supercargo. In 1830 
he settled on a large farm on Brown Hill 
in Lyme, where he continued nine years, 
after which he purchased another farm 
which he tilled until 1854. He died De- 
cember 17, 1876, in Lyme. He was a 
member of the North Lyme Baptist 
Church and an exemplary and useful 
citizen. He married, March 27, 1825, 
Mandana Merriss, born February 4, 1808, 
daughter of John and Eliza Merriss. She 
died April 25, 1871. They were the par- 
ents of Ephraim Otis Reynolds, who was 
born July 29, 1837, in Lyme and was edu- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



cated in the local public schools and Con- 
necticut Literary Institute at Suffield. At 
the age of eighteen years he engaged with 
an uncle at North Stonington, to learn the 
art of carriage building. In 1857 he lo- 
cated at the village of Hamburg, in the 
town of Lyme, where he continued in the 
business of building carriages and wagons 
for a period of thirty-five years. This he 
sold out in 1893 and thereafter conducted 
a general store in Lyme until his retire- 
ment in 1908. From this time he resided 
in the town of Essex, where he died May 
26, 1916. He married Aurelia Hayden, a 
native of Hamburg. 

Wilson S. Reynolds, third son of Eph- 
raim O. and Aurelia (Hayden) Reynolds, 
was born June 10, 1864, in Lyme, and has 
long been an influential citizen of Middle- 
sex County, especially active in political 
councils, a leader in the Republican party. 
His education was begun in the public 
schools near his birthplace and he was 
later a student at the Connecticut Literary 
Institute, like his father before him. As 
a youth he was accustomed to assist in 
the shops of his father and he almost un- 
consciously acquired a thorough knowl- 
edge of the details of the work and busi- 
ness. Before attaining his majority he 
spent four years in operating a sawmill 
in Lyme. In 1886 he moved to Middle- 
town and was there employed as a jour- 
neyman carriage builder by J. B. Evans. 
Eight years later he returned to Lyme and 
was engaged in agriculture for a period of 
three years. In 1897 he again located in 
Middletown, where he has since been 
active in business, with the success natur- 
ally accruing to one of his industry and 
enterprise. He operated a shop where 
wagons and carriages were built and re- 
paired, and which was several times en- 
larged. In 1905, when the automobile had 
come into general use, he turned his at- 
tention to handling this modern vehicle. 



this necessitating further enlargement of 
his space and equipment for handling and 
repairing. A department for horse-drawn 
vehicles is still maintained, and the agency 
for some of the best makes of motor ve- 
hicles is operated, as well as a large re- 
pairing plant. The continual growth of the 
business testifies to his good manage- 
ment and fair business methods. While 
actively pursuing his own business, Mr. 
Reynolds has not failed to keep abreast of 
the times, and to perform his share in 
maintaining the best interests of the com- 
munity. He is a charter member of Mid- 
dletown Lodge, No. 771, Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks, and is also a 
member of Central Lodge, No. 12, Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows ; and 
Apollo Lodge, No. 35, Knights of Pythias. 
He has been for several years a member of 
the Middletown Volunteer Fire Depart- 
ment, and has performed something of his 
public duty as a member of the city coun- 
cil of Middletown, in which he served two 
years. He is a member of the State Cen- 
tral Committee of the Republican party, 
active and influential in its councils, and 
was alternate delegate to the National 
Convention at Chicago in 1920, which 
placed in nomination the late Warren G. 
Harding for the office of president. 

Mr. Reynolds was married, September 
27, 1888, to May Belle Warner, who was 
born July 14, 1867, third daughter of 
Zebulon Brockway and Harriet Miranda . 
(LaPlace) Warner of Lyme. Mr. and 
Mrs. Reynolds are the parents of two 
daughters, Hester Wilson and Helen Wal- 
lace. The elder daughter is a capable 
assistant in the office of her father. 



HUBBARD, Robert Paddock, 
Agricnltnrist. 



The ancestry of Mr. Hubbard is a long 
and noteworthy one, beginning in Con- 



223 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



necticut annals with George Hubbard 
who settled in Hartford as early as 1639, 
and since including many pioneer fam- 
ilies and leading citizens down through 
the generations. In the paternal Hne, he 
belongs to a family noted for stalwart 
men, both physically and mentally, men 
of sound judgment, industrious and suc- 
cessful, contributors to the general wel- 
fare of the community, and respected by 
their contemporaries. His maternal an- 
cestors may well be included in the same 
class. As shown elsewhere, intermar- 
riages since the first settlement of Mid- 
dletown have brought to Mr. Hubbard the 
inheritance of many valuable qualities 
and made him a leader among his fellows. 
Among the pioneer names still or recently 
well known in Middletown, in this list, are 
those of Miller, Roberts, Stocking, Sears, 
Hedges, Tryon, Crowell, Hubbard (sev- 
eral lines), Wetmore, Hall, Savage, Corn- 
wall, Bacon and Paddock. His mother, 
Julia Ann Paddock, was descended from 
Robert Paddock, who was in Plymouth, 
Massachusetts, as early as 1643, ^"^ prob- 
ably earlier (see Bacon, L. P., for ex- 
tended history of the generations). Rob- 
ert Paddock was the father of Zachariah 
Paddock, born March 20, 1636, died in 
Yarmouth, 1727. His son, Robert Pad- 
dock, born January 17, 1670, lived in Yar- 
mouth, married Martha Hall, and they 
were parents of Seth Paddock, born 1705 
in Yarmouth, married Mercy Nickerson 
and lived in that town. Zachariah Pad- 
dock, son of Seth and Mercy, born 1728, 
was the first of the family in Middletown, 
where he bought a lot in 1751. His 
sixth son, George Paddock, born in Mid- 
dletown, was one of the founders of 
the South Church, owner of much city 
property, and a pioneer settler in Herki- 
mer County, New York, and other sec- 
tions of the Empire State. He married 



Mary Wetmore, second daughter of Cap- 
tain John and Mercy (Bacon) Wetmore, 
born May 12, 1771, and they had fourteen 
children. The fourth son and eighth 
child was Robert Paddock, a prominent 
citizen of Middletown, who married. May 
5, 1785, Martha Loveland, born July 4, 
1767, baptized July 12, 1767, daughter of 
John and Susan. Their youngest and 
sixth daughter, Julia Ann, born April 12, 
1812, on South Main Street, Middletown, 
became the wife of Hon. Alfred Hubbard. 

Robert P. Hubbard, fourth son of Al- 
fred and Julia A. (Paddock) Hubbard, 
was born March 6, 1847, in the brick house 
on West Long Hill, now occupied as a 
residence by his brother, Frank C. Hub- 
bard. The district school of the neigh- 
borhood supplied his early education, and 
he attended the private school of Daniel 
H. Chase in Middletown during one win- 
ter, while farm labor was partially sus- 
pended. Later he was a student at the 
famous Eastman's Business College in 
Poughkeepsie, New York, from which he 
was graduated in 1866. He now deter- 
mined to engage in some independent 
occupation and his father, noting this, 
presented him with ten acres of land. On 
this small tract he set to work, and his 
industry and determination brought him 
further encouragement from relatives. He 
was soon able to purchase more land 
from his father, and by purchase and ulti- 
mate inheritance he became the possessor 
of one hundred acres of very desirable 
land on West Long Hill, where he contin- 
ues to reside and is one of the most active 
men of his age to be found anywhere. 

In his long and busy career he has cul- 
tivated a variety of crops, and otherwise 
demonstrated his shrewdness and alert- 
ness. In his early experience he gave 
considerable attention to sheep raising, 
and had a flock of one hundred and fifty 



224 



I 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



animals. He also made a business of buy- 
ing and fattening calves for market. For 
many years he cultivated tobacco and has 
produced much sweet corn for seed. One 
who visits his fine farm is apt to find him 
busily engaged in the regular labors of 
agriculture, and will also find him an in- 
telligent observer of events, well informed 
on leading questions of the day. In 1871 
he constructed barns which were burned 
in 1893, causing a loss of three thousand 
dollars. These have been rebuilt and, in 
1890, he erected a handsome modern house 
which is supplied with all conveniences. 
From a spring on the hillside near his 
home, water is supplied to house and 
barn, as well as tenant houses, supplying 
three families. His orchards include de- 
sirable small fruits, as well as peaches and 
apples. Mr. Hubbard is a charter mem- 
ber of Mattabessett Grange, Patrons of 
Husbandry, of which his late wife was a 
member, and affiliates, as she did, with 
the South Congregational Church of Mid- 
dletown. In politics he usually supports 
Democratic principles, but is independent 
of party dictation and supported both 
Roosevelt and Harding for the presidency. 
Not a seeker for political preferment, he 
has consented to serve his town as a mat- 
ter of civic duty, and has acted as select- 
man and assessor, also on a committee of 
four in appraising public property. 

Mr. Hubbard married, November 4, 
1875, Margaret Stewart Kelsey, who was 
born December 7, 1852, in Middletown, 
daughter of Lewis L. and Caroline A. 
(Camfield) Kelsey. Mrs. Hubbard passed 
away May 20, 1920. She was the mother 
of four children, namely : Lewis Kelsey, 
died of typhoid fever while pursuing a 
course at Cornell University ; Alfred, an 
unfortunate invalid ; Julia Augusta and 
Caroline Kelsey, the filial companions of 
an honored father. 

Conn. 11 — 15 



PATTEN, D. Walter, 

Scientific Agriculturist. 

The strength of Connecticut rests on 
its devoted and dependable citizens of to- 
day, who are in many cases born of fine 
old New England families long ago estab- 
lished in the same traditions of public 
service. This is true of D. Walter Patten, 
His grandfather, David Patten, was born 
October 20, 1775, at Mottville, Connecti- 
cut, and died in Salem, Connecticut, July 
19, 1857. He married, January 6, 1805, 
Francis Dodge, born March 4, 1784, died 
April 17, 1861, and they were the parents 
of six children: i. David G. Patten, born 
December 10, 1805. 2. Francis C. Patten, 
born August 24, 1808. 3. Sally, born De- 
cember 9, 1810. 4. John, born January 26, 
1815. 5. Lucy Jane, born January 5, 1818. 
6. Daniel A., born May 25, 1823. The 
youngest of these, Daniel A. Patten, was 
a member of the Congregational Church, 
a Republican in politics, selectman for a 
term in North Haven. He married Mary 
Belcher Hyde, of Lyme, born October 30, 
1835, died December 17, 1904, daughter of 
William Hyde, Congregational minister 
at Westbrook, and his wife, Martha Sock- 
ett Hyde. Daniel A. Patten died July 
26, 1887. They were the parents of five 
children, of whom the subject of this 
biographical record is one : Henry W. 
Patten, born in Greenwich, Connecticut, 
June 14. i860; David Walter, born Febru- 
ary 7, 1862, of further mention ; Fanny 
Patten, born January 28, 1865, died young ; 
Lillian W. and Marion T., born October 
17, 1870, and still surviving. 

David Walter Patten was born in North 
Haven, Connecticut. He acquired his 
education in North Haven, at the private 
school of Miss Eunice Linsley, and at 
Bacon Academy in Colchester. For a 
time he taught at General Russell's school. 
225 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



He then completed his education at Shef- 
field Scientific school, of Yale University, 
graduating with the class of 1887. Most 
of his business life was connected with 
farming and fruit growing. He was a 
member of the General Association, 1899 ; 
member of the State Board of Agricul- 
ture ; of the State Pomological Society ; of 
the State Dairy Association. Later he 
was first selectman, and town agent for 
twenty-five years. For one term also he 
was representative and clerk of the 
committee of incorporations. Mr. Pat- 
ten was a Mason, a member of the 
Republican Club, a charter member of the 
North Haven Grange. Like most of his 
family, he is of the Congregationalist 
faith, being a member of the First Con- 
gregational Church, of North Haven. 

D. Walter Patten married, October 16, 
1889, in North Haven, Erminie I. Emley, 
born in East Haddam, Connecticut, Feb- 
ruary I, 1867, who survives her husband. 
She is the daughter of George I. and 
Martha (Chapman) Emley. Her father, 
born July 14, 1841, died February 28, 1921, 
and fought for four years during the Civil 
War with the Tenth Connecticut Volun- 
teers. Her mother died May 20, 1908, at 
the age of fifty-two. Mr. and Mrs. Patton 
were the parents of children: i. Edna I., 
born October 23, 1890, educated in the 
North Haven public and high schools, 
with normal training at New Britain 
Normal School, who taught at the Patton 
School in Middletown for three years ; 
now married to Ivan H. Bradley. 2. Mabel 
S., born October 30, 1893, "ow Mrs. Dan 
Edward Parmlee. 3. Martha A. Patten, 
born December 13, 1899, educated in the 
North Haven public and high schools, 
employed by the Security Insurance Com- 
pany of New Haven, married, June 7, 
1924, to Mr. Erik A. Hillborn of Walling- 
ford, Connecticut, assistant cashier of the 
First National Bank of Wallingford. 



Mr. Patten died November 19, 1921. A 
man well-informed in his chosen field of 
scientific agriculture and its allied sub- 
jects, he devoted all his ability and train- 
ing to the public, and much of the pros- 
perity of the Connecticut farmer today 
is due to his eflforts. A kindly, generous, 
man, he was loved by all with whom he 
came in contact, and he left a host of 
devoted friends and fellow citizens. 



STODDARD, Orrin Edwin, 
Grain Merchant. 

A descendant of Revolutionary ancestry 
and a veteran of the Civil War, Orrin E. 
Stoddard embodied the best elements of 
American citizenship. The family of 
Stoddard has been traced to the time of 
William the Conqueror, and was ancient- 
ly written "de la Standard." When the 
Normans invaded England, under Wil- 
liam, his cousin, William Stoddard, ac- 
companied him. The coat-of-arms of 
the family are: 

Arms — Sable, three estoiles and bordure gules. 
Crest — Out of a ducal coronet a demi-horse 
salient ermine. 
Motto — Festina lente. 

As early as 1490 the family had 
an estate of about four hundred acres 
near Elthan in Kent about seven miles 
from London Bridge, and continued to 
hold it until the death of Nicholas Stod- 
dard, a bachelor, in 1765. The first of the 
name in America was Anthony Stoddard, 
who came from England to Boston about 
1639, was admitted freeman the follow- 
ing year and was representative twenty- 
three years, twenty years successively, 
from 1665 to 1684. 

John Stoddard, born 1612, came to Hing- 
ham, Massachusetts, in 1638, was at New 
London, Connecticut, as early as 1650, and 
died 1676, leaving a widow (who later 



226 




iUj/iypT^a:> a)/a:Xdcu 



OL^ 



j 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



married John Thompson) and sons, Rob- 
ert, Ralph, and Thomas. The son Robert 
born 1652, was living in that part of New 
London now Groton, in 1712. He mar- 
ried Mary Mortimer, daughter of Thomas 
and Elizabeth Mortimer of New London, 
where Thomas Mortimer was constable in 
1680, and died March 11, 1710. Robert 
Stoddard (2) son of Robert Stoddard (i) 
born 1700, baptized August 8, 1703, and 
lived in Groton. He married, December 
21, 1727, Bathsheba Rogers, born March 
I, 1708, in New London, died there, Feb- 
ruary 17, 1753, daughter of John and 
Bathsheba (Smith) Rogers, granddaugh- 
ter of John and Elizabeth (Griswold) 
Rogers, great-granddaughter of James 
Rogers, patriarch of a most numerous 
pioneer family. 

Mark Stoddard, fifth son of Robert and 
Bathsheba (Rogers) Stoddard, was born 
October 10, 1743, in Groton, where he 
made his home. He was among the de- 
fenders of his country in the Revolution, 
serving as sergeant in the loth Company 
(Captain Abel Spicer), 6th Regiment 
(Colonel Samuel Holden Parsons) from 
May 8 to December 18, 1775, and par- 
ticipating in the battle of Bunker Hill. 
He married, December 9, 1767, Lucy Al- 
lyn, born January 30, 1748, fourth daugh- 
ter of Samuel and Hannah (Avery) Al- 
lyn, died July 29, 1831 ; granddaughter of 
Robert and Deborah (Avery) Allyn, and 
of Samuel and Elizabeth (Ransford) 
Avery. Stephen Stoddard, son of Mark 
and Lucy (Allyn) Stoddard, was born 
March 18, 1788, in Groton, in which town 
he was a farmer, member of the Congre- 
gational Church and served in various 
town offices. He married, in 1810, Sarah 
Morgan, born July 21, 1788, a daughter 
of Stephen and Parthenia (Parke) Mor- 
gan. Both Stephen Stoddard and his wife 
lived to a great age. They were the par- 



ents of Stephen Morgan Stoddard, born 
April 21, 181 1, in Groton. In early life 
he was a whaler, later settled down to 
farming in Ledyard, which was set off 
from Groton in 1836. There he died in 
1880. He married, in 1838, Henrietta Al- 
lyn, born 1811-12, daughter of Roger and 
Henrietta (Morgan) Allyn, died at the 
age of seventy-five years. 

Orrin Edwin Stoddard, second son of 
Stephen M. and Henrietta (Allyn) Stod- 
dard, was born July 9, 1843, '" Ledyard, 
and died in Middletown, June 27, 1920. 
He grew up on the paternal farm and at- 
tended the local public school until eight- 
een years of age, when he laid aside home 
duties to go to the defense of his country's 
integrity. In October, 1861, he enlisted 
and became a member of Company K, 
1 2th Regiment, Connecticut Volunteers, 
and spent two years in Louisiana, on the 
Mississippi and Red Rivers. He was 
among the brave and persistent ones who 
captured Port Hudson after one of the 
most sanguine battles of the war. Sub- 
sequently he was with General Sheridan 
in the Shenandoah Valley, where he was 
made a prisoner by the Confederate 
forces. After a short incarceration in the 
notorious Libby Prison and at Salisbury, 
North Carolina, he was paroled. This 
prevented further activity on his part, but 
he was promoted lieutenant for bravery 
exhibited on the field of battle. He was 
discharged from military service May 3, 
1865, and returned to his native town. 
Soon after he went to California and en- 
gaged in wheat raising in Contra Costa 
County, twenty miles from the present 
city of Oakland, where he continued four 
years. Returning to Connecticut, he 
was employed two years in a factory 
in Hartford. In 1871 Mr. Stoddard be- 
came a resident of Middletown, where 
he continued many years very actively 
227 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



engaged in business as a partner of 
George T. Meech, under the name of 
Meech & Stoddard. This business was, 
in time, incorporated and is still among 
the most successful enterprises of the 
city. The industry and sound business 
principles of the partners caused the busi- 
ness to grow, and Mr. Stoddard contin- 
ued an active factor in its progress until 
his retirement on account of impaired 
health in 1903. For many years his home 
was on Pleasant Street, Middletown, 
where he enjoyed a well-earned retire- 
ment. He held the esteem and respect of 
a wide circle of friends and contempo- 
raries. Mr. Stoddard held membership 
in the local encampment of the Grand 
Army of the Republic, which he had 
represented in the State Encampment. In 
its day of usefulness, he was a member of 
the Middletown Board of Trade, was a 
faithful attendant of the South Church, 
and all his life a steadfast Republican in 
political association. At one time he was 
the candidate of his party for the office 
of alderman, and was defeated by only 
one vote ; not a seeker of political honors, 
this caused him no chagrin. 

Orrin E. Stoddard was married. May 21, 
1872, to Martha Billings, who was born 
September 9, 1853, in Ledyard, and died 
October 30, 1923, in Middletown, a daugh- 
ter of James Allyn and Margaret (Allyn) 
Billings of that town. She was a member 
of the South Congregational Church and 
of Wadsworth Chapter, Daughters of the 
American Revolution. James A. Billings 
was born February, 1821, in Groton, and 
died December, 1896, in Ledyard, where he 
was a teacher in early life and a farmer. He 
married, in 1852, Margaret J. Allyn, who 
was born November 17, 1834, daughter 
of Abel and Polly (Hakes) Allyn. Four 
daughters complete the family of Mr. and 
Mrs. Stoddard, namely: i. Mary B., wife 



of William Gordon Murphy, residing in 
Garden City, New York. 2. Grace Mar- 
garet, wife of C. Hadlai Hull of New Lon- 
don. 3. Anna Belle, wife of Walter E. 
Jones of Middletown. 4. Henrietta Al- 
lyn, graduated from Smith College, and is 
the wife of Robert Martin, residing on 
Staten Island, New York. 



THOMPSON, Finton, 

Artisan. 

Not a little of the stamina, intelligence 
and persistence of America are contrib- 
uted by citizens of foreign birth, stable 
and patriotic, who appreciate the oppor- 
tunity and liberty which our country af- 
fords. In County Queens, Ireland, lived 
for many generations the family of 
Thompson, on the same farm to the pres- 
ent time. This farm is at Ballyfen, where 
lived and died Finton Thompson and his 
wife, Jane (Little) Thompson. 

Thomas Thompson, son of Finton and 
Jane (Little) Thompson, was a black- 
smith at Stradbally, born 1835 at Bally- 
fen, died December 31, 1913, in Middle- 
town, aged seventy-eight years. Late in 
life he followed his son to America, where 
his last days were passed in quiet com- 
fort. In Ireland he married Elizabeth 
Tynan, daughter of William Tynan, a 
blacksmith, who lived and died at Strad- 
bally. His wife, Elizabeth Gafifney, fol- 
lowed her children to America, accom- 
panied by her mother, who was a Lawler. 
The latter is buried in Middletown. 

Finton Thompson, son of Thomas and 
Elizabeth (Tynan) Thompson, was born 
April 19, 1869, in Stradbally, and lost his 
mother when very small. Under the in- 
structions of his father and grandfathe- 
he became master of the blacksmith's 
trade and, when a lad of seventeen years, 
he came to America and made his home 



228 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



in Middletown, Connecticut. In 1887 he of the National Association of Horse- 



entered the employ of John Coleman, a 
blacksmith of Meriden, now deceased, and 
after two and one-half years engaged with 
the Berlin Iron Bridge Company at East 
Berlin, Connecticut. There he continued 
until 1892, when he became associated 
with G. F. Peckham, who operated a shop 
on Court Street, Middletown, since which 
time he has continued in business there. 
In time he became a partner with his 
former employer and, when the latter re- 
tired, Mr. Thompson became sole propri- 
etor, including the ownership of the prop- 
erty occupied. This he sold in 192 1, and 
moved to Center Street, where he may 
now be found in business hours. Through 
his skill and industry, Mr. Thompson has 
made his own way and is now reckoned 
among the enterprising and public-spir- 
ited men of the growing city of Middle- 
town. In 191 1 he purchased his hand- 
some home at 186 Washington Street, and 
he is also the owner of the large house at 
the corner of Broad and Washington 
streets. His worth has been recognized 
by his contemporaries, and he has re- 
cently been called upon to serve on a very 
important committee to revise the entire 
assessment system of the city. He is a 
member of the board of water commis- 
sioners of the city, and is ever ready to 
contribute his share in promoting the 
progress and welfare of his home com- 
munity. He has served as a member 
of the common council, and has long been 
a member of the O. V. Coffin Hook and 
Ladder Company, a very efficient volun- 
teer fire company. He is a faithful mem- 
ber of St. John's Roman Catholic Church ; 
of Forest City Council, No. 3, Knights of 
Columbus, of which he has been a trustee : 
of Division No. i, Ancient Order of Hi- 
bernians and is now president of the 
county organization ; he is also a member 



shoers, and at one time was the secretary 
of the State organization of that body. 
In political registration he is listed among 
the Democrats, but his patriotism ex- 
tends far beyond the boundary of partizan 
lines. 

Mr. Thompson was married, in Novem- 
ber, 1898, to Abigail Dennan, who was 
born November 24, 1870, in Moodus, Con- 
necticut, daughter of Thomas and Ellen 
(Pumfrey) Dennan, natives of County 
Cork, Ireland. Mr. and Mrs. Thompson 
are the parents of a worthy son, Thomas 
Finton, who, at the age of nineteen years, 
became manager of the Middletown 
branch of the Elmer Automobile Com- 
pany of Hartford and continues in that 
position. 



BRAINERD, Erastus LeRoy, 

Civil Engineer. 

A scion of one of the most prolific fam- 
ilies in Connecticut, Mr. Brainerd was 
born May 5, 1881, in Portland, son of 
LeRoy Brainerd. The founder of the fam- 
ily in America was Daniel Brainerd, a 
pioneer settler of Haddam. James Brain- 
erd, second son of Daniel, born June 2, 
1669, in Haddam, was a farmer there, a 
deacon of the church, ensign and cap- 
tain of militia, representative in 171 1, and 
from 1726 to 1737, and died February 10, 
1743. He married, April i, 1696, De- 
borah Dudley, of Saybrook, born Novem- 
ber II, 1670, died July 22, 1709, daugh- 
ter of William and Mary (Poe) Dudley. 
Abiah Brainerd, third son of James and 
Deborah, born November 26, 1705, in 
Haddam, was a farmer at Haddam Neck, 
and died in September, 1782. Fle mar- 
ried, December 28, 1727, Esther Smith, of 
Haddam, born November 20, 1706, daugh- 
ter of Simon and Elizabeth (Wells) 



229 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Smith. Simon Brainerd, second son of 
Abiah and Esther, was a farmer in 
Chatham (now Portland), built saw and 
grist mills, and died after September ii, 
1806. He married Hepsibah, daughter of 
. Nathaniel Spencer of Haddam, and their 
fourth son was Silas Brainerd. He was 
born April 12, 1767, in Chatham and was 
a carpenter, living successively in East 
Haddam, Catskill and other points in 
Greene County, New York, dying July 20, 
1847, in Middle Haddam. He opened 
stone quarries in Saugerties, New York. 
His wife was Lucinda Brainerd, born in 
1765, died April 9, 1816, daughter of Jo- 
siah and Lois (Hurlburt) Brainerd, of 
Haddam Neck. 

Erastus Brainerd, eldest son of Silas 
and Lucinda, born October 16, 1791, bap- 
tized February 5, 1792, in Portland (then 
part of Chatham), was one of the most 
active and useful citizens of his native 
place, and died June 15, 1861. The first 
to develop the famous brownstone quar- 
ries of Portland on an extensive scale, 
he continued to be interested in their oper- 
ation until his death. He was a director 
of the Middletown Bank from 1847 to 
1861, vice-president of the agricultural 
society in 1858-59, representative in 1843- 
1844, and one of the corporators of the 
Union Mills. He married, December 25, 
1815, Mary Wells Stancliff, born Decem- 
ber I, 1793, died May 11, 1880, daughter 
of James and Meribah (Wells) Stancliff. 
-y^ Benjamin Franklin Brainerd, third son of 
Erastus, was born November 29, 1823, 
at the family homestead in Portland, and 
was interested in the quarries all his life. 
At the time of his death he was treasurer 
of the quarry corporation, now known as 
Brainerd, Shailer & Hall. A lifelong 
member of Trinity parish, he was inter- 
ested in all its good works. Not a seeker 
for public office, he devoted himself to 



business and was a director of the Port- 
land National Bank and Freestone Sav- 
ings Bank, whose judgment was respected 
by his associates. He married, March 
28, 1851, Amelia Ann Davis, born July 8, 
1822, in Portland, daughter of Asa and 
Mary (Diggins) Davis, and they were the 
parents of six children. 

LeRoy Brainerd, son of Erastus, born 
March 12, 1840, in Portland, was a stu- 
dent in Woodford's School at Meriden, 
Connecticut, and the Skinner School in 
New Haven. Before attaining his major- 
ity, he left school and began work in the 
Portland quarries, later was interested a 
few years in business in New Haven. He 
became treasurer and general manager of 
the Middletown & Portland Ferry Com- 
pany. This was replaced by the present 
highway bridge, shortly before his death, 
which occurred April 4, 1903. He was 
also president of the quarry company, 
above mentioned. He was a vestryman 
in Trinity Church of Portland, one of the 
founders of the Portland Social Club and 
a member of the Warren Lodge, No. 51, 
Free and Accepted Masons of Portland. 
Politically, he was a Republican, but did 
not desire any part in the conduct of pub- 
lic affairs. He married, April .28, 1869, 
Amelia D. Freeman, born November 23, 
1845, i" Cherry Valley, New York, died 
February 28, 1918, in New Jersey, buried 
in Portland, daughter of Rodney B. and 
Mary (Davis) Freeman, the former a 
native of Massachusetts, and the latter of 
Portland. Their children were : Elsie ; 
Fannie, died in 1900; Clara, died in 1922; 
and Erastus LeRoy. 

Erastus LeRoy Brainerd, only son of 
LeRoy and Amelia, was reared in Port- 
land, where he was a student in Miss 
White's Private School. He was four 
years a student in the public schools and 
attended the Middletown High School 



230 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



one year. In 1902 he was graduated from 
the Massachusetts Institute of Technol- 
ogy, with the degree of S. B. in civil 
engineering. Following this he was em- 
ployed in the construction of different 
railroads until 1918, when he returned to 
Portland and has since been connected 
with the Russell Manufacturing Company 
of Middletown. He is a member of the 
Portland Social Club, of Warren Masonic 
Lodge ; of Trinity Church of Portland ; 
and a director of the Portland Board of 
Trade and Portland Building and Loan 
Association. In public affairs, he acts 
with the Republican party. Mr. Brainerd 
married, October 3, 1910, Mildred Light- 
hipe, born January 17, 1884, daughter of 
Herbert and Rosalie B. (VanWagenen) 
Lighthipe, natives of Orange, New Jer- 
sey, where Mr. Brainerd resided for more 
than thirteen years. 

Mrs. Simon Brainerd was descended from a 
pioneer New England family traced to Michael 
Spencer, who was a landholder in Stotfold, Eng- 
land. Long before that time, members of the fam- 
ily had been raised to the peerage, including the 
Earl of Sutherland. Michael Spencer's second 
wife, Elizabeth, was the mother of Gerrard Spencer, 
who was baptized May 20, 1576, and had four sons, 
William, Thomas, Michael and Gerrard, all of 
whom came to America in 1633-34. They received 
legacies from Richard Spencer of London, who 
was evidently their uncle. Thomas Spencer was in 
Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1633, and took the 
freeman's oath May 14, 1634. In 1639 he was liv- 
ing in Hartford, Connecticut, where he owned 
land at that time, and held various important local 
offices from 1649 to 1672. His ownership of land 
in "Soldiers' Field" indicated that he had served 
in the Pequot War in 1637. In 1671 he was granted 
sixty acres of land by the General Court "for his 
good service in the country." He died September 
II, 1687. The name of his first wife is unknown. 
Their eldest child, Obadiah Spencer, was admitted 
a freeman of Connecticut, May 20, 1658, indicating 
that he was born about 1637. In 1669 he lived on 
the north side of Little River, and he was fence 
viewer in 1687, 1693-94. He died between May 2 
and 26, 1 7 12. His wife, Mary, was a daughter of 



Nicholas Desbrough. Their third son, Samuel 
Spencer, born in Hartford, inherited one-half the 
homestead "in the Neck," and was hayward for 
the North Meadow in 1709 and 1711-12. In 1728 
he sold his land and moved to Middletown. In 
the previous year he had purchased land on the 
river, near Middle Haddam. In 1731 he was grand 
juror and was admitted to the Congregational 
Church of the east society (now Portland) in 
November, 1733, and next month was elected one 
of the society committee, at that time called Cor- 
poral Spencer. He was one of the fourteen organ- 
izers of the Haddam Neck Church, September 24, 
1740, his name appearing third on the list. He 
died between April 3, 1750, and July 5, 1756. His 
wife, Deborah, was a daughter of John Beckley, 
of Wethersfield. Their second son, Nathaniel 
Spencer, was born December 5, 1704. 

His daughter, Hepsibah, born about 1740, became 
the wife of Simon Brainerd, as previously noted. 



WATSON, James J., 

Business Man. 

The surname of Watson has been de- 
rived from Watt's Son and literally sig- 
nifies "mighty army." James J. Watson 
was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, July 15, 
1877, son of William and Hannah (Mur- 
phy) Watson. 

His father was born in the town of Mil- 
ford, County Cork, Ireland, and died 
August 18, 191 1. He came to America 
when he was seventeen years old and lo- 
cated in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. At 
one time he drove a mule on the tow-path 
of the Erie Canal. In 1871 he came to 
New Britain, Connecticut, and entered 
the employ of P. & F. Corbin. When 
they sold their casket business to a Cin- 
cinnati firm, he went there to help organ- 
ize that branch of the work with the new 
owner. After four or five years Mr. Wat- 
son returned to the East and in 1879 be- 
gan work for Jonathan Hart, in Kensing- 
ton, and was employed in their finish- 
ing department for many years. He later 
returned to the employ of the Corbin 



231 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



firm. Mr. Watson married Hannah, 
daughter of James Murphy ; she was born 
in Fermoy, Ireland. Mr. and Mrs. Wat- 
son were the parents of fourteen children, 
eight of whom grew up. They were : 
Mary; James J., of further mention; El- 
len, wife of John Keevers of New Britain ; 
Elizabeth, married Michael Carmody, of 
New Britain ; Grace ; Howard ; Frederick ; 
Madeline. The family attends St. Mary's 
Roman Catholic Church. 

The paternal grandfather of Mr. Wat- 
son was William Watson. He was what 
is known in the old country as a gentle- 
man farmer, owner of his own estate. 
The family is an old one in their county, 
and members of it are now among the 
leading bankers there. 

James J. Watson received a practical 
education in the public school and then 
entered the employ of J. M. Curtin, 
grocer. After six years there he went 
with the Metropolitan Life Insurance 
Company, remaining for three years, and 
for five years was with Moss Brothers of 
Hartford. From this time until 191 1, 
Mr. Watson was associated with the 
Home Banking & Realty Company and in 
that year opened his own office. In addi- 
tion to the real estate business Mr. Wat- 
son handles all kinds of insurance. He 
has been very successful in his undertak- 
ing and is prominent in both the business 
and public life of New Britain ; he served 
as alderman for three years ; as council- 
man for two years and as a member of the 
Board of Assessors for seven years. Mr. 
Watson is also a member of the Demo- 
cratic Town Central Committee. During 
the War he was a member of the Draft 
Board and was secretary of local Board 
No. I throughout the war. His fraternal 
affiliations are with the Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks and the Knights 
of Columbus, of which he is Past Grand 
Knight. 



Mr. Watson married Catherine, daugh- 
ter of George Scheidler, of New Britain, 
and they are the parents of a son, Wil- 
liam J., born January 24, 1907. With his 
family Mr. Watson attends St. Mary's 
Roman Catholic Church. 



BOUTEILLER, William Henry, 

Insurance Agent. 

In the last century much of the devel- 
opment and progress of America has been 
brought about by people of foreign birth or 
descent, and there is a much larger ele- 
ment of French blood in our population 
than is generally realized. During the 
persecution in France many people went to 
England, where their names became some- 
what Anglicized and whence many of their 
descendants came to the United States. 

The name at the head of this article was 
originally le Bouteiller, adopted, like 
thousands of others, as a surname from 
the occupation of its bearer at the com- 
paratively recent time of adoption of sur- 
names in Europe. At Andencourt, in the 
department of Monte Dieu, France, for 
many decades resided a family of this 
name. The first of whom we have pres- 
ent knowledge was Florentine Bouteiller, 
who came to the United States in 1870, 
accompanied by his wife, two sons and a 
daughter, and settled at Otis, Massachu- 
setts, where he died at the age of ninety- 
seven years. His wife, Julia, died when 
eighty-four years old. Their son, Emile 
Florentine Bouteiller, was born May 26, 
1852, at Andencourt, and accompanied his 
parents to Massachusetts, whence he 
came to Portland, Connecticut, where he 
still resides, and is still active and in- 
dustrious. He married, December 2, 1874, 
Ellen Higgins, who was born September 
13, 1856, in Sheffield, Massachusetts, 
public schools and before his majority 
was employed in the famous bell shops 



232 





'^^^-<Jc2^EZMt.^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



daughter of John Higgins, who was born 
in Ireland and went to England when a 
youth. There he met and married Ann 
Hobson, of English birth. They came to 
America and settled in Sheffield. Emile 
F. Bouteiller had two sons and two 
daughters: i. George F., now a resident 
of Hartford. 2. William H., of further 
mention. 3. Lily M. (Mrs. Norton Mc- 
Lean), of Danbury, Connecticut, died 
March, 1924. 4. Minnie, widow of Rev. 
Frank Van Sciver, an Episcopal clergy- 
man who died at Forest City, Pennsyl- 
vania, now resides with her parents. The 
family are members of Trinity Church, 
Portland. 

William H. Bouteiller was born De- 
cember ID, 1876, in Otis, Massachusetts, 
and came to Portland with his parents 
in 1882. Here he attended the public 
schools, graduating from the high school 
in 1894. After this, he was employed for 
a time on the "Middletown Press," and 
was subsequently employed for a time in 
a drug store at Cromwell. Since the fall 
of 1898 he has been a solicitor for the 
Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance 
Company of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and 
has shown exceptional ability in his line, 
often winning chief or second place for 
amount written in a year in Connecticut. 
His diligence is evidenced by the fact 
that he has written more than a million 
dollars of insurance in a year. Mr. Bou- 
teiller is recognized as one of the most 
progressive and public-spirited citizens of 
Middletown, where he resides. In 1914 
he purchased a desirable residence on 
Lawn Avenue, where abide hospitality 
and good cheer. He is a trustee of the 
Middletown Savings Bank, a director of 
the Middletown Press Publishing Com- 
pany, of the Young Men's Christian As- 
sociation, and has recently resigned a 
directorship in the Chamber of Com- 



merce. During the World War he was 
active in all the drives to provide for the 
comfort and efficiency of the men at the 
front, and has given valuable assistance in 
local drives for the benefit of charitable 
and benevolent institutions. He is a 
member of the Church of the Holy Trin- 
ity of Middletown, of which he was sev- 
eral years clerk and, later, vestryman ; of 
Apollo Lodge, No. 33, Knights of Pyth- 
ias, and of various Masonic bodies, in- 
cluding St. John's Lodge, No. 2, Free and 
Accepted Masons ; Washington Chapter, 
No. 6. Royal Arch Masons ; Cyrene Com- 
mandery. No. 8, Knights Templar ; and 
Sphinx Temple, Ancient Arabic Order 
Nobles of the Mystic Shrine of Hartford. 
In political matters he acts with the Re- 
publican party, though not a blind par- 
tisan or a seeker of political honors or 
emoluments As a citizen, Mr. Bouteil- 
ler seeks to promote the welfare of his 
home community and the rights of hu- 
manity in general. 

He married, November 14, 1901, Grace 
Louise Austin, born August 29, 1878, in 
Cromwell, daughter of Millard W. and 
Elizabeth (Baker) Austin, the former a 
native of Chino, Maine, and the latter of 
Middletown, Connecticut. Mr. and Mrs. 
Bouteiller are the parents of two sons 
and a daughter: Austin Warner, Griswold 
Ladd, and Marion. 



DICKSON, James, 

Merchant. 

A son of William and Jane (Hodge) 
Dickson, James Dickson was born No- 
vember 15, 1843, in South Leith, Scotland, 
and was in his ninth year when he came 
to America. In 1852 his father came to 
America and settled at East Hampton, 
Connecticut, where he died. There James 
Dickson received his education in the 



233 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of the town. Industrious and gifted with 
the noted Scotch thrift, he was able to 
engage in business on his own account. 
In 1890 he purchased a meat market in 
the village, and continued to operate it 
until his death, which took place August 
31, 1896. While yet a minor he joined the 
United States forces as a soldier of the 
Civil War, and attained the rank of 
corporal. Naturally he became a member 
of the Grand Army of the Republic and 
was esteemed by his associates as a brave 
soldier and a good citizen. He attended 
the Congregational Church and, in mat- 
ters of public concern supported the prin- 
ciples of the Republican party. 

Mr. Dickson married. May 14, 1868, 
Abbie T. Shepard, who was born August 
5, 1844, in Hampton, Connecticut, daugh- 
ter of Chester and Mary (Fox) Shepard. 
Eben Shepard, admitted a freeman Sep- 
tember 15, 1805, in Brooklyn, Connecti- 
cut, was, undoubtedly, father of Chester 
Shepard, who was born in Plainfield. 
The latter was admitted freeman in 
Hampton, Connecticut, in 1843, having 
removed there from Brooklyn. He mar- 
ried, February 18, 1827, Rev. A. Edson 
officiating, Mary Fox of Brooklyn, born 
in Franklin, Connecticut. Later, they 
resided in Plainfield. Mr. and Mrs. Dick- 
son were the parents of four children, of 
whom two daughters survive. They are : 
Isadora Imogene, born July 31, 1870, and 
Clara Estelle, March 21, 1884, both resid- 
ing with their mother in the family home 
in East Hampton, and esteemed members 
of the community. 



TREVITHICK, William James, 

Retired Business Man. 

The name (pronounced Tre-vith'-ick) is 
an old one in Cornwall, said by family 



tradition to have been Cornish before it 
was English. Probably it crossed the chan- 
nel from ancient Brittany, with the forma- 
tion of whose names it conforms better 
than with more modern English names. 
At any rate, it has been identified with 
the chief industry of Cornwall — tin min- 
ing — since the time ''when the memory 
of man runneth not to the contrary." 
William Trevithick, a miner, lived and 
died in the same house where his father 
lived and died, in the parish of Illogan, 
Cornwall. He married Mary, daughter of 
James and Lydia Jose, residents of Lan- 
ner, in the same parish, of another family 
of miners. All were very steady-going 
people, and William Trevithick probably 
never went thirty miles from his native 
place. 

W'illiam James Trevithick was born 
February 16, 1864, in Illogan and at- 
tended the public school of the parish un- 
til eleven years old, when he was appren- 
ticed to a meat dealer, with whom he 
served seven years. Having mastered the 
details of the business, he decided to 
strike out for himself and, as a first step, 
took to himself a wife. He was married, 
March, 1882, to Mary E. Phillips, a native 
of his own parish, daughter of John and 
Mary (Warne) Phillips. 

In January, 1883, they set sail for 
America and landed in New York, whence 
they proceeded direct to New Britain, 
Connecticut. Here Mr. Trevithick found 
employment for a few months in a knit- 
ting mill, then for seven years he was 
employed by a meat dealer. In 1890 he 
opened a meat market of his own in New 
Britain and in 1894 moved to Middle- 
town, where he has since made his home 
and engaged continuously in business un- 
til a very recent period. His first market 
there was located on Rapallo Avenue. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



After twelve years there he moved to 
Main Street, a short distance south of 
Rapallo Avenue. In addition to this, a 
branch market has been operated for the 
last twenty years, on Main Street, South 
Farms. These markets are now managed 
by his junior son, and Mr. Trevithick 
gives much of his attention to his public 
duties in the service of the consolidated 
city. He is a member and deacon of the 
First Baptist Church of Middletown, and 
is a faithful member of the principal fra- 
ternal orders, namely: The Free Masons 
and the Odd Fellows. He is affiliated 
with St. John's Lodge, No. 2, Ancient 
Free and Accepted Masons ; Washington 
Chapter, No. 6, Royal Arch Masons ; 
Columbia Council, No. 9, Royal and Se- 
lect Masters ; Cyrene Commandery, No. 
8, Knights Templar, and with Central 
Lodge, No. 12, Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows. On becoming a citizen he allied 
himself with the Republican Party, and, 
as such, has been called to the public ser- 
vice. Naturally, the man who could man- 
age successfully extended business enter- 
prises, was sought to manage public con- 
cerns. For four years he was president 
of the water board, later was selectman, 
and in October, 1924, was elected to that 
position under the consolidated city and 
town government. In all relations of life 
he has been faithful to every responsi- 
bility and trust, and is esteemed accord- 
ingly by his fellow citizens. Mr. Trevith- 
ick has reared three children, all of whom 
have done credit to their parents and 
themselves. The eldest, Harry Phillips 
is chemist of the produce exchange in 
New York City. Adelaide Mary is the 
wife of Harry Foulkes of Hartford. Fred- 
erick William, the youngest, is manager 
of the Trevithick markets, whose former 
high standard he maintains. 



PORTEOUS, James Harold, 

Oil Dealer, 

While doing business under the name 
of the Valley Oil Company, in Middle- 
town and Portland, Mr. Porteous has 
built up an extensive trade. He carries 
only a high class of goods and endeavors 
to treat the public with courtesy and fair- 
ness. He was born January 23, 1882, in 
Mallagash, Cumberland County, Nova 
Scotia, and grew up on his father's farm. 
His father, Alexander Porteous, was a 
native of Scotland and went with his par- 
ents to Nova Scotia when nine years old. 
He was born about 1831, was a farmer in 
Nova Scotia until his death in 1902, at 
the age of seventy-one years. He mar- 
ried Esther Treen, born in Nova Scotia. 

James H. Porteous attended the public 
and high schools in the vicinity of his 
home until seventeen years of age and 
during the intervals, assisted his father 
on the farm. After leaving school, he 
found employment in a sash and door fac- 
tory where he continued nearly a year. 
With his earnings he removed to the 
United States. For two years he was 
employed in Worcester, Massachusetts, 
and came thence to Middletown, where 
he first found employment at the State 
Hospital. For nine years he was in the 
employ of the Standard Oil Company in 
Middletown, and in 1912 he engaged in 
the oil business on his own account. A 
depot is maintained in Portland and sev- 
eral filling stations in Middletown. With- 
out any assistance other than his own 
energy, enterprise and initiative, he has 
developed a profitable business, which is 
still growing. He now employs four large 
motor trucks in supplying the public of 
Middlesex County. Mr. Porteous attends 
the Methodist Church, is a Republican in 

35 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



politics and is associated with St. John's 
Lodge, and Washington Chapter of the 
great Masonic fraternity of Middletown ; 
also Central Lodge, No. 12, Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows ; and Apollo Lodge, 
No. 33, Knights of Pythias. He has filled 
most of the principal chairs in Central 
Lodge, of which he is now Past Grand. 
Mr. Porteous married Eva Mitchell, and 
they are the parents of two daughters and 
a son, Dorothy, Etheline, and Harold 
Mitchell. 



LOUNSBURY, Charles Hugh, 

Manufacturer, Man of Affairs 

When a man has won his way to suc- 
cess in the business world he has learned 
much of practical value. The use of this 
knowledge in the administration of pub- 
lic affairs, and in the management of 
economic institutions, constitutes a gen- 
uine service to mankind. The city which 
can command the loyal cooperation of her 
successful business men is the city which 
holds a leading place in the march of 
progress. Stamford, Connecticut, counts 
among the names of real significance to 
to the community that of Charles Hugh 
Lounsbury, formerly manufacturer, now 
banker and merchant of that city. 

(II) Michael Lounsbury, son of Rich- 
ard and Elizabeth (Du Bois) Lounsbury 
was likewise a prominent man in the 
community, as the detailed records show. 
He was born in Rye, New York, and 
came to Stamford, Connecticut, about 
1703. Book A, of Stamford Land Rec- 
ords, page 410, records that on January 
25, 1702 or 1703, he bought from Samuel 
Webb for the sum of £43 los. seven 
acres of upland on the west side of Mill 
River, and woodland on Pepper Weed 
Ridge, near Taunton. In 1706 or 1707 
he obtained twenty-seven acres in the 



Rocky Neck, and in the same year other 
land in partnership with Edmond Lock- 
wood, whose sister Sarah he married, 
June 19, 1707. Records of the town of 
Rye show that in the year 1709 he sold 
land there which he had inherited from 
his father. He was chosen highway sur- 
veyor at a Stamford town meeting, De- 
cember 15, 1719, and again on January 5, 
1725 or 1726. On December 18, 1722, he 
was one of the collectors chosen to 
"gather ye Revarant Mr. Davenport's 
rate." He died January 20, 1730. 

Robert Lockwood, grandfather of Sa- 
rah (Lockwood) Lounsbury, was one of 
the early Massachusetts settlers. He 
came from England about 1630, and set- 
tled in Watertown, Massachusetts. He 
was made a freeman March 9, 1636, and 
in 1646 removed to Fairfield, Connecticut, 
where he died in 1658. His widow, Su- 
sannah, died December 23, 1660. Jon- 
athan Lockwood, their son, was born 
September 10, 1634, in Watertown, Mas- 
sachusetts, and died May 12, 1688, in 
Greenwich, Connecticut. He was in 
Stamford, October 16, 1660, and lived 
there for five years. He removed to 
Greenwich, and became a freeman in 
1670. He was one of the twenty-seven 
original proprietors of that town, served 
in the Legislature, and held several minor 
offices. He married Mary Ferris, daugh- 
ter of Jeffrey Ferris, who was a freeman 
in Boston in 1635. Sarah Lockwood, 
their daughter, married, June 19, 1707, 
Michael Lounsbury, as above noted. 

(Ill) Joshua Lounsbury, son of Mich- 
ael and Sarah (Lockwood) Lounsbury, 
was born, in Stamford, Connecticut, July 
I, 1716. He was a prosperous man, and 
his name appears in the records of many 
land transactions. One of these was the 
purchase of a triangular tract lying di- 
rectly in front of the present (1919) site 



236 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of the Methodist Episcopal Church. At 
some time between the years 1757 and 
1774 he moved over the line into the Col- 
ony of New York, for in the latter year 
his name appears in the North Castle 
Land Records as a resident of that town. 
His first wife, whom he married May 3, 
1739, was Hannah Scofield, born Decem- 
ber II, 1718. 

(IV) Joshua (2) Lounsbury, son of 
Joshua (i)and Hannah (Scofield) Louns- 
bury, was born October 4, 1745, and died 
April 4, 1826. He was a dutiful son and 
a devoted husband and father. With the 
flower of the colonies he took a loyal part 
in the struggle for independence in the 
Revolutionary War, but survived without 
being seriously incapacitated. He mar- 
ried Susannah Smith, born October 3, 
1752. 

(V) Silas Lounsbury, son of Joshua 
(2) and Susannah (Smith) Lounsbury, 
was born January 17, 1771. He was a 
farmer, and lived for many years in Stan- 
wich, Connecticut. He was a man of pro- 
gressive ideas, who thought ahead of his 
time and built for the future. 

(VI) George Lounsbury, son of Silas 
Lounsbury, was a prominent citizen of 
Fairfield County, Connecticut. He served 
in local public offices and as a member of 
the State Legislature. For many years 
he was a merchant at Long Ridge, in the 
town of Stamford, but later returned to 
the life of the open, which had interested 
him as a boy, and conducted a farm. He 
married Louisa Scofield, daughter of Ben- 
jamin Scofield, and they were the parents 
of eight children : Mary, who married 
Seth S. Cook; Sarah, who married James 
H. Rowland ; Susan, who married Philip 
Clark ; Harriet, deceased ; George, de- 
ceased ; Charles Hugh, of whom further; 
Jane E., living; Elizabeth, deceased. 

(VII) Charles Hugh Lounsbury, son 



of George and Louisa (Scofield) Louns- 
bury, was born August 19, 1839. He 
spent his boyhood on the farm at Long 
Ridge, but as he grew to manhood he 
felt the restrictions of the life and chose 
to branch out for himself. He entered 
into a partnership with Scofield & Cook. 
Three years later, in 1861, F. B. Scofield 
retired from the business, which was 
thereafter carried on under the firm name 
of Cook & Lounsbury. The manufacture 
of shoes was becoming an important in- 
dustry in New England, and this firm 
held a high standard of excellence in its 
product. The business grew with the 
growth of the section and the develop- 
ment of the country. The partnership 
continued until 1884, when a period en- 
sued when general trade changes made 
reorganization advisable. The first change 
in the business was that of location, the 
factory being removed to the more pop- 
ulous part of the town near the railroad 
tracks. At this time George H. Soule, 
a bright, alert young man who had for 
some time been connected with the sales 
department, was admitted to membership 
with the firm, and the senior member, 
Seth S. Cook, withdrew. This placed 
Mr. Lounsbury at the head of the firm and 
the name became Lounsbury & Soule. 
In 1885 the firm took a long step ahead 
in assuming possession of the new fac- 
tory on Broad Street, where the business 
is still located The factory was equipped 
with the most modern machinery, and 
from that day until the present time the 
policy of the firm has remained the same, 
up-to-date equipment, the most improved 
methods, and always quality the first con- 
sideration. 

In 1894 the firm branched out into the 
retail trade, purchasing a store at No. 
26 Atlantic Street. Here they conducted 
a thriving retail business under the name 



237 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of the Stamford Shoe Company. They 
met the needs of the retail trade with the 
same comprehensive attention to all per- 
tinent details which has always charac- 
terized their manufacturing business. 
Later Mr. Lounsbury retired and the 
company was then incorporated. Late 
in the year 1904 he became president of 
the Stamford Savings Bank, and since 
that time this interest has almost exclu- 
sively held his attention, his present office 
being that of president of the board. He 
still owns the Stamford Shoe Company, 
which became his personal property when 
he retired from the firm. 

Mr. Lounsbury has always held the 
keenest interest in the public welfare and 
civic progress. While never seeking po- 
litical preferment, and caring nothing for 
the game for its own sake, he never shirks 
any part in the public service which ap- 
peals to him as a duty. His political 
convictions hold him loyal to the Repub- 
lican party. He has been a member of the 
Board of Burgesses and of the City 
Council, also of the Board of Trade, of 
which he was president for some years. 
He is a director of the Stamford Trust 
Company and of the Stamford Savings 
Bank, and is secretary and assistant treas- 
urer of the Stamford Gas and Electric 
Company, and a director of the Stamford 
National Bank. He is also a director of 
the Stamford Hospital. He is a member 
of Union Lodge, No. 5, Ancient Free and 
Accepted Masons, of Stamford, and also 
of the Suburban Club. 

Mr. Lounsbury married, in Stamford, 
Anna Perry Samuel, of St. Louis, and 
they are the parents of three daughters : 
Alice ; Mary ; Louise, who was the wife 
of William P. Hudson, and was the mo- 
ther of two children, Florence, deceased, 
and Charles H. L., who was an ensign in 
the Navy during the European War. 



STRANG, James Suydam, 

Merchant 

In the history of man's struggle for 
freedom no chapter is more thrilling than 
that which narrates the flight of the 
French Protestants from their native 
land, when in 1685 Louis XIV revoked 
the Edict of Nantes. Since 1598 they 
had been in the enjoyment of religious 
freedom, but now, not only were they de- 
prived of the privilege to worship God 
according to the dictates of their con- 
science, but they were not permitted to 
emigrate to countries where such priv- 
ileges were accorded. Most rigid meas- 
ures were adopted to prevent their leav- 
ing the country, every avenue of escape 
being most closely guarded. However, 
thousands of these sturdy folk to whom 
adherence to principle was dearer than 
life itself, made their way to England, 
some coming thence to America Among 
the latter was Daniel L'Estrange, the 
progenitor of the Strang family in this 
country. No element among our Colon- 
ial pioneers has contributed more than 
the French Huguenots to the sturdy char- 
acter of American manhood, or to the 
high ideals of American institutions and 
government. The meager facts now 
available relating to the descendants of 
Daniel L'Estrange in the line here under 
consideration show that in every crisis 
of the nation's history they have evinced 
the sturdiest patriotism, while in the less 
strenuous but not less exacting times of 
peace, judged by ethical standards, they 
have by precept and example, in indus- 
try, frugality, and upright citizenship, in 
private and public life, contributed to 
the material and moral advancement of 
our country. 

Like all historic patronymics, the name 
Strang has been spelled in various ways. 



238 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



The original French form was L'Es- 
trange ; in America it became Streing, 
then Strange, Strang, and in a few cases 
was changed to Strong. 

The coat-of-arms of the family is : 

Arms — Gules, two lions passant, guardant, 
argent. 
Crest — A lion passant, guardant, or. 

(I) When the list of the residents of 
New Rochelle was made in 1698, Daniel 
D'Estrange's age was given as thirty- 
seven years. This would make the year 
of his birth 1661. He was a native of 
Orleans, France. According to the au- 
thor of "Colonial Days and Ways," Dan- 
iel L'Estrange was sent to an academy in 
Switzerland to study philosophy, and 
when he entered, July 29, 1672, his name 
was purposely misspelled as Streing, so 
that his father's persecutors might not 
learn where the young man had been 
sent. However, upon his return to 
France, he became a member of the 
Royal Guards and resumed the proper 
spelling of his name. When he was 
twenty-two, he entered upon a mercan- 
tile career, and about that time married 
Charlotte Hubert, daughter of Francis 
and Levina Hubert, of Paris. He formed 
a partnership with his wife's brother, 
Gabriel Hubert. According to the ".Strang 
manuscript," written nearly a hundred 
years ago and published in a small book- 
let, L'Estrange and his partner were com- 
pelled to flee to London from the fury of 
their persecutors who confiscated their 
property. Mr. L'Estrange became a lieu- 
tenant in the Guards of King James II. 
The loss of their property placed Mrs. 
L'Estrange in very trying circumstances, 
and within a year she determined also to 
flee the country. The tradition regarding 
the method of her escape is thrilling; but 
the family genealogist questions the ac- 
curacy of the story, owing to the fact that 



in her will, recorded in New York, Mrs. 
L'Estrange disposes of her wedding gar- 
ments, which it is hardly probable she 
was able to take with her when she fled 
to London. Daniel L'Estrange continued 
in the King's Guards until about 1688, 
when he sold his commission, the pro- 
ceeds enabling him and his wife to join a 
company of refugees bound for the New 
World. They landed in New York and 
soon proceeded to the present town of 
New Rochelle. There he engaged in 
farming and grazing, and for many years 
taught French and the classical languages 
to boys preparing for Yale or King's Col- 
lege (now Columbia University).. After 
a few years he removed to Rye, New 
York, where he kept a store and tavern, 
and also engaged in farming. Later he 
became one of the patentees of the town 
of White Plains. He died in Rye, 
1706-07. He was a devout member of 
the Episcopal church. His wife was born 
in France, 1668, and died in Rye. The 
baptisms of their children are recorded 
in the church Du Saint Esprit, New York 
City, and there Mrs. L'Estrange is re- 
corded as Charlotte Le Mestre, which has 
given rise to the conjecture that at the 
time of her marriage to Daniel L'Estrange 
she was a widow. 

(II) Daniel (2) Strang, son of the im- 
migrants, was born in 1692. and died in 
1741. He became a resident of White 
Plains, settling on a farm acquired by 
his father as one of the patentees. He 
was industrious and thrifty, if we may 
judge by the amount of land of which he 
became possessed. He married Phebe 
Purdy, daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth 
Purdy, of Rye Neck, New York. She 
died in 1761. Joseph Purdy. according to 
the records, was under age in 1661. He 
became a resident of Rye in 1670, and died 
October 29, 1709. He married Elizabeth 



239 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Ogden, daughter of John and Judith 
(Budd) Og-den. She died in 1742. He 
was the son of Francis Purdy (sometimes 
spelled "Pardee"), who was born in Eng- 
land in 1610, and came to America in 
1635. He died in Fairfield, Connecticut, 
in 1658. He married Mary Brundage, 
daughter of John Brundage, of Wethers- 
field, Connecticut. Joseph Purdy was a 
leading man in his community ; he served 
as justice of the peace, 1702 ; as super- 
visor of the town, 1707-08; for several 
terms was representative in the General 
Assembly. He purchased land at North 
Castle, where many of his descendants 
settled. His will is dated October 5, 
1709. 

(HI) Major Joseph Strang, son of Dan- 
iel (2) and Phebe (Purdy) Strang, was 
born February 27, 1725, and died August 
2, 1794. He served as lieutenant under 
Captain John Verplanck in the French 
War of 1757. On October 19, 1775, he 
was commissioned major of the Third or 
North Manor of Cortlandt Regiment un- 
der Colonel Pierre Van Cortlandt. His 
house, which was being used as a court 
house at the time, was burned by the 
British, June 3, 1779. He married for 
his second wife, Anne Haight, born De- 
cember 12, 1734, and died June 30, 1796, 
daughter of Jonathan Haight, of Cort- 
landt Manor, New York. 

(IV) Dr. Samuel Strang, son of Major 
Joseph and Anne (Haight) Strang, was 
born November 18, 1768, and died Janu- 
ary I, 1832. He was a physician. On 
December 31, 1795, he married Catharine 
White, born May 30, 1773, or 1778, and 
died December 30, 1832, daughter of Dr. 
Ebenezer White, who was a surgeon in 
the New York Militia during the Revolu- 
tion. He was born in Southampton, Long 
Island, September 3, 1746, son of Rev. 
Sylvanus White, who was pastor of the 
Presbyterian church there for about fifty 



years. Dr. White married, March 19, 
1772, Helena Barstow, daughter of The- 
ophilus and Bathsheba (Pell) Barstow. 
Dr. White died in Yorktown, March 8, 
1827. 

(V) Joseph White Strang, son of Dr. 
Samuel and Catharine (White) Strang, 
was born December 7, 1797, and died in 
Yonkers, New York, June 4, 1864. He 
was a lawyer and resided most of his life 
in Peekskill, New York, where he took an 
active part in public afifairs. He was the 
first man chosen president of the village. 
On September 3, 1821, he married Eliz- 
abeth Morgan Belcher, born October 4, 
1801, and died in Yonkers, New York, 
December 22, 1877, daughter of Dr. Elisha 
Belcher, a physician. Joseph White and 
Elizabeth Morgan (Belcher) Strang were 
the parents of the following children : 
Samuel A-, Matilda, Josephine A., Lydia, 
Edgar A., mentioned below ; William 
Belcher. 

Dr. Elisha Belcher, father of Elizabeth 
Morgan (Belcher) Strang, was born 
March 7, 1757, and married Lydia Rey- 
nolds. His father. Captain William Bel- 
cher, was born August 29, 1731. He re- 
sided in Preston, Connecticut, where he 
died in his seventieth year. He com- 
manded a company during the Revolu- 
tion. He married, April 23, 1752, Desire, 
born February 27, 1736, died May 15, 
1801, daughter of Captain Daniel and 
Elizabeth (Gates) Morgan. Captain 
Daniel Morgan was born April 16, 1712, 
and died October 16, 1773. He married, 
September 24, 1730, Elizabeth Gates, 
born March i, 1713, died February 11, 
1793, daughter of Joseph Gates, of Pres- 
ton. James Morgan, father of Captain 
Daniel Morgan, was born about 1680, and 
died in Preston. His estate was inven- 
toried November 7, 1721. His father was 
Captain John Morgan, who was born 
March 30, 1645 ; about 1692 he became a 



240 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



resident of Preston, where he died. He 
was a prominent citizen, and served as 
Indian commissioner and advisor, and 
was elected as deputy to the General 
Court from New London in 1690, and 
from Preston in 1693-94. He married 
(first), November 16, 1665, Rachel Dy- 
mond, daughter of John Dymond. James 
Morgan, father of Captain John Morgan, 
and the founder of this branch of the 
Morgan family, was born in Wales in 
1607, and came to America in 1636. He 
married August 6, 1640, Margery Hill, of 
Roxbury, Massachusetts, who died in 
1685, at the age of seventy-eight years. 
William Belcher, father of Captain 
William Belcher, was born in Milton, 
Massachusetts, December 20, 1701, and 
died in Preston, Connecticut, February 7, 
1731-32. His father, Deacon Moses Bel- 
cher, was bom August 14, 1672, and died 
May 4, 1728. He bought a farm in Mil- 
ton, Massachusetts, and resided there un- 
til 1720, when he removed to Preston, 
Connecticut. He was one of the first 
deacons of the second church in Preston. 
In 1 72 1 he represented the town in the 
General Assembly. On December 19, 
1694, he married Hannah Lyon, born No- 
vember 14, 1673, died August 20, 1745, 
daughter of George and Hannah (Tol- 
man) Lyon, of Milton. His father, Sam- 
uel Belcher, was born August 24, 1637, 
was a resident of Braintree, Massachu- 
setts, where he died. June 17, 1679. On 
December 15, 1663, he married Mary Bil- 
lings, daughter of Roger Billings, of Dor- 
chester, Massachusetts. His father, Greg- 
ory Belcher, was born about 1606. He 
was in New England as early as 1637, and 
received a grant of fifty-two acres in 
Mount Wallaston, now part of Quincy, 
Massachusetts. On May 13, 1640, he was 
admitted freeman, and was elected select- 
man in 1646. On July 14, 1664, he pur- 



chased nine acres in Milton. He married 
Catherine. He died November 25, 1674. 

(VI) Edgar A. Strang, son of Joseph 
White and Elizabeth Morgan (Belcher) 
Strang, was born December 3, 1833, in 
New York City, and died February 10, 
1909. Edgar A. Strang's opportunities 
for formal education were few. He was 
only nine years of age when he went to 
work in a wholesale grocery store. But 
he possessed a fine type of mind, with 
splendid powers of observation and per- 
ception. He read extensively and pon- 
dered well all that came within his ken, 
so that his mind showed a much better 
development than many minds which 
have been favored with greatly superior 
educational advantages. At the time of 
the Civil War Mr. Strang was suffering 
from a spinal disease which prevented 
him from seeking enlistment, but so 
strongly did he feel it to be the duty of 
every loyal citizen to serve his country 
that he paid a man to go for him. At the 
time of his marriage he was engaged in 
the banking business in New York City, 
and continued in it until the condition of 
his health made it necessary for him to 
give up all physical activity. He became 
a resident of Peekskill, about 1901. He 
and his wife were earnest Christians, 
identified with the Dutch Reformed 
church for many years. 

Mr. Strang married Anna Suydam. born 
January 12, 1839, in New York City, died 
December 21, 1907, in Peekskill, New 
York, aged sixty-eight years, eleven 
months, nine days, daughter of Cornelius 
R. Suydam, born July 31, 1793, near Bed- 
ford, Long Island, died November 12, 
1845, in New York City, aged fifty-two 
years, three months, twelve days, and his 
wife, Jane Eliza (Heyer") Suydam, born 
March 13, 1779, daughter of Cornelius 
Heyer, born September 30, 1773, died 



241 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



January 5, 1843 ! granddaughter of Wil- 
liam Heyer, born December 14, 1723, died 
April I, 1880; great-granddaughter of 
Walter Heyer, born in 1699, died October 
27, 1772. Mr. and Mrs. Strang were the 
parents of the following children : James 
Suydam, of further mention ; Clifford H., 
died August 30, 1903 ; Jane H., married 
C. L. Mason, of Peekskill, New York. 

(VII) James Suydam Strang, son of 
Edgar A. and Anna (Suydam) Strang, 
was born December 12, 1863, in Yonkers, 
New York. His education was received 
in the public schools and at the famous 
old Peekskill Military Academy and Rut- 
gers Preparatory School. After working 
for a time for a firm of wholesale drug- 
gists, he went into a retail drug store, 
June 26, 1882, in Verplanck's Point. There 
he applied himself diligently to the mas- 
tery of every detail of the art of phar- 
macy, and passed successfully the exam- 
ination for a license as pharmacist, No- 
vember 30, 1886. He later clerked for 
Charles Dickinson, a New Britain drug- 
gist, for about eighteen months. Mr. 
Strang then opened a store of his own in 
Mount Vernon, New York. Three years 
more of the exacting life of a druggist, 
made all the more arduous by his ambi- 
tion to make his venture highly success- 
ful, sufficed to cause a breakdown in his 
health, compelling Mr. Strang to abandon 
his profession. He sold his business, and 
later became a clerk for the Union Trans- 
fer & Storage Company, of New York 
City. After a year and a half there, he 
removed to Stamford, Connecticut, in 
July, 1894, and there entered the office of 
Doty & Bartel, lumber dealers, as book- 
keeper. The following year Mr. Doty 
sold his interest out to Mr. Strang and 
his brother-in-law, Mr. C. W. Harper, 
and the business was continued under the 
name of Bartel & Company. After five 
years Mr. Strang and Mr. Harper sold 



their interests to Mr. Bartel, and Mr. 
Strang became identified with the Blick- 
ensderfer Manufacturing Company, where 
he remained until August, 1914. Then 
the present partnership with W. W. 
Graves, under the firm name of Graves & 
Strang, Inc., was formed to engage in 
the coal and wood business. In the 
spring of 1919, Mr. Strang and his part- 
ner with others incorporated The Spring- 
dale Ice and Coal Company, of which Mr. 
Strang is secretary. Mr. Strang is a di- 
rector of the Stamford Morris Plan Com- 
pany and of the Young Men's Christian 
Association in that city. 

From the time he was made a Master 
Mason in Union Lodge, No. 5, of Stam- 
ford, May 3, 1899, Mr. Strang entered 
actively and zealously into the cause of 
Free Masonry and has attained the thirty- 
second degree. He is treasurer of Union 
Lodge ; treasurer of Rittenhouse Chap- 
ter, No. II, Royal Arch Masons; treas- 
urer of Washington Council, No. 6, Royal 
and Select Masters ; member of Clinton 
Commandery, Knights Templar, of Nor- 
walk ; Lafayette Consistory, Ancient Ac- 
cepted Scottish Rite ; and Pyramid Tem- 
ple, Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of the 
Mystic Shrine, of Bridgeport. Mr. Strang 
thinks Masonry, like religion, is some- 
thing to be lived in everyday life. Since 
1884 Mr. Strang has been a member of 
Courtland Lodge, No. 6, Independent Or- 
der of Odd Fellows, of Peekskill, New 
York. During the time he was associated 
with the Blickensderfer Manufacturing 
Company, he had charge of their office in 
Detroit for sixteen months, and while 
there he affiliated with Palestine Lodge, 
No. 357, Free and Accepted Masons, as 
permanent visiting member. He is also a 
member of the Kiwanis and Suburban 
clubs of Stamford. 

On October 8, 1885, Mr. Strang was 
united in marriage with Grace E. Harper, 



242 



I 





n^. 




ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



daughter of Rev. J. A. Harper, a clergy- 
man of the Dutch Reformed church. He 
was born in the North of Ireland, and 
came as a young man to Mount Vernon, 
New York. There Mrs. Strang was born 
on April 2, 1867. Two children have been 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Strang: Alma E., 
who graduated from the Stamford High 
School, and Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, and 
is now taking the nurses training course 
at St. Luke's Hospital, New York City ; 
Lorena S., like her sister graduated from 
the Stamford High School, and Pratt In- 
stitute, and at the time of writing is em- 
ployed as assistant dietician, Blooming- 
dale Hospital, White Plains, New York. 
The family are members of the Pres- 
byterian church in which Mr. Strang has 
served some years as elder. In outward 
demeanor he is most unassuming. His 
ideas of man's duty to man are firmly es- 
tablished, however, and he adheres rig- 
idly to those ideals of right living that 
have ever been the bulwark of American 
family and national life. His sympathies 
are broad, and his interest is ever keen 
in what concerns the welfare of his fel- 
lowman. These qualities have won for 
him a host of loyal friends. 



CROSBY, Joseph Porter, 

Bnilder, Fabllc Official. 

«i A residence of thirty-five years in 
Greenwich, during which time he has es- 
tablished himself as one of the leading 
business men of his community, has made 
Mr. Crosby's name so familiar and so 
highly respected that its appearance is 
sure to be greeted with instant and cor- 
dial recognition. In public life Mr. 
Crosby is even better known than in the 
world of business, having served most 
creditably as a member of the Legislature 
and having filled, most honorably to him- 
self and most satisfactorily to his constit- 



uents, more than one local office of trust 
and responsibility. 

The name of Crosby signifies Town of 
the Cross and is the designation of eight 
places in Great Britain. Its earliest men- 
tion as a family name occurs in records 
of 1204. 

Simon Crosby, founder of the American 
branch of the family, came from England 
in 1635 and settled in Cambridge, Mas- 
sachusetts. His descendants established 
themselves on Cape Cod which has thus 
become the permanent home of the larg- 
est branch of this numerous family. 

(I) Lemuel Crosby, the progenitor of 
the line herein followed, married and 
among his children was Theophilus, of 
whom further. 

(II) Captain Theophilus Crosby, son 
of Lemuel Crosby, married Anna Brown, 
daughter of Benjamin Brown, and his 
death occurred November 14, 1831. 

(HI) Captain Ansel Crosby, son of 
Captain Theophilus and Anna (Brown) 
Crosby, was born June 11, 1786, in Nova 
Scotia, whither his father had migrated 
from Cape Cod. He married Tabitha 
Dennis, daughter of Ambrose Dennis. 
Captain Crosby died July 17, 1865. 

(IV) Captain Ansel (2) Crosby, son of 
Captain Ansel (i) and Tabitha (Dennis) 
Crosby, was born in 1825, in Yarmouth, 
Nova Scotia, and there grew to manhood. 
In youth he began to follow the sea, be- 
coming captain at an early age and mak- 
ing deep-sea voyages for the most part 
between New York City and different Eu- 
ropean ports. After some years he retired 
from the sea, and in 1873 engaged in 
business as a ship chandler in Boston, 
Massachusetts. About five years later he 
went to New York City and opened a 
shipping office which he continued to con- 
duct as long as he lived. Mr. Crosby 
married Elizabeth Porter, born 1822, 
whose ancestral record is appended to 



243 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



this biography, and their children were: 
Alice, of Brooklyn, New York; Charles 
W., also of Brooklyn, New York ; Joseph 
Porter, of whom further ; and Harry A., 
a resident of Brooklyn. Mr. Crosby died 
November 24, 1902. He and his wife were 
members of the Baptist church. 

(V) Joseph Porter Crosby, son of Cap- 
tain Ansel (2) and Elizabeth (Porter) 
Crosby, was born April 4, 1855, in Yar- 
mouth, Nova Scotia. He received his ed- 
ucation in the public schools of his home 
town. He learned the carpenter's trade, 
and in connection with his trade he 
learned draughting, studying the theory 
as well as mastering the practical art of 
building, and after finishing his appren- 
ticeship he went into business for him- 
self in Yarmouth. In 1880 he removed 
to Newton, Massachusetts, and served for 
five years as superintendent for a con- 
tractor and builder. In 1885 he removed 
to Greenwich, Connecticut, and went into 
business for himself, his specialty being 
fine country houses. Among those which 
he has erected may be mentioned the resi- 
dences of James McCutcheon, A. W. 
Johnson, N. Wetherell, the Hon. R. J. 
Walsh and many others, all these being in 
Greenwich. He constructed the interior 
finish in the Greenwich Trust Company's 
building, and since 1887 has operated a 
wood-working mill, thus getting out 
nearly all his own finish. 

In politics Mr. Crosby is a Republican, 
and has long taken an active part in pub- 
lic affairs. After serving a term as a 
member of the Board of Burgesses he was 
elected, in 1915, to the Legislature, where 
he served on the committee on cities and 
boroughs. The same year he was elected 
warden of the borough of Greenwich, an 
office which he has ever since continu- 
ously retained. Among the results ac- 
complished during his administration are 
the building of permanent roads and the 



sewage disposal plant. When Mr. Crosby 
became warden the borough was under a 
floating debt of $200,000. The borough 
has since been bonded to cover that 
amount and the bonds are being retired. 
From 1845 until Mr. Crosby became war- 
den the borough borrowed money every 
year, but during his administration it did 
not borrow a dollar and has retired about 
$25,000 of its old indebtedness. Among 
the minor offices held by Mr. Crosby is 
that of secretary of the school committee 
that erected three modern schoolhouses, 
situated, respectively, at Hamilton ave- 
nue. Coscob street and New Lebanon. 
He affiliates with Acacia Lodge, Ancient 
Free and Accepted Masons, and he and 
his wife are members of the Methodist 
Episcopal church, in which for some years 
Mr. Crosby held the office of steward. 

Mr. Crosby married, August 27, 1878, 
Maria D. Trefry, daughter of De Lancey 
and Rachel (Wescott) Trefry, of Yar- 
mouth, Nova Scotia, and they are the par- 
ents of the following children: i. 
Charles, born September 12, 1879; mar- 
ried Elsie Clifif, of Greenwich. 2. Chester 
N., born October 19, 1884; married Hilda 
Wiederman, and they have three chil- 
dren: Joseph P. (2), Chestine and Ruth 
L. 3. Joseph Elton, born October 21, 
1889; married Estelle White, and they 
have one child, Joseph Elton, Jr. (see fol- 
lowing sketch). 4. Genevieve, born Oc- 
tober 23, 1891 ; married Ralph Benson 
Hurlbutt, and they have one child, Ralph 
Benson, Jr. 5. Helen, deceased. 

The record of Joseph Porter Crosby is 
that of an all-round man. As a business 
man he has by his ability and enterprise 
helped to increase the material prosperity 
of his community, and in the different 
offices to which he has been summoned 
by the voice of his fellow-citizens, he has, 
by his public-spirited devotion to the 
rights and privileges of his constituents, 



2.M 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



rendered service of a valuable and lasting 
character. Most richly does he merit the 
high esteem and cordial regard in which 
he is held by his friends and neighbors 
and the entire community. 

(The Porter Line). 

This ancient family, which has a rec- 
ord of nearly three centuries in New Eng- 
land, was founded by William de la 
Grande, a Norman knight, who accom- 
panied William the Conqueror to Eng- 
land, and in return for his services was 
given lands in or near Kenilworth, War- 
wickshire. 

Ralph, or Roger, son of William, be- 
came Grand Porteur to King Henry the 
First, and from his tenure of this high 
office was derived the family name. 

The escutcheon of the Porters is as 
follows : 

Arms — Argent, on a fesse sable between bar- 
rulets or, three bells of the first. 
Crest — A portcullis argent chained or. 
Motto — Vigilantia et virtute. 

(I) John Porter, founder of the Amer- 
ican branch of the family, was born in 
England about 1596, and about 1637 is 
known to have been of Hingham, Mas- 
sachusetts. Later he removed to Salem 
and there passed the remainder of his 
life. He was a man of prominence in the 
community, holding high and responsible 
offices, and is said to have been a per- 
sonal friend of Governor Endicott. John 

Porter married Mary . His death 

occurred in 1676. 

(II) Samuel Porter, son of John and 
Mary Porter, was born, probably, in Eng- 
land, and was a mariner, owning a farm 
in Wenham, near Wenham pond. He 
married Hannah Dodge. He died about 
1660. 

(HI) John (2) Porter, son of Samuel 
and Hannah (Dodge) Porter, was born 
in 1658, and about 1680 moved from Dan- 



vers to Wenham. He was a maltster and 
lived on a farm. He married Lydia Her- 
rick. Mr. Porter was an active and influ- 
ential citizen, and lived to the venerable 
age of ninety-five years, passing away in 

1753- 

(IV) Nehemiah Porter, son of John 
(2) and Lydia (Herrick) Porter, was born 
in 1692, in Wenham, Massachusetts, and 
was a weaver and yeoman, living on a 
farm in Ipswich given him by his father. 
He married, in 1717, Hannah Smith, 
daughter of Hezekiah Smith, of Beverly. 
He died in Ipswich in 1784. 

(V) Nehemiah (2) Porter, son of Ne- 
hemiah (i) and Hannah (Smith) Porter, 
was born March 22, 1720. He early deter- 
mined to study for the ministry. He 
graduated from Harvard College, and in 
1750 was ordained pastor of the church 
in Chebacco parish where he remained 
sixteen years. At the end of that time he 
went to Nova Scotia where, however, he 
spent but a few years, returning ere long 
to Massachusetts and accepting a pastor- 
ate in Ashfield, which he retained to the 
close of his long life. He married (first) 
January 20, 1749, Rebecca Chipman, 
daughter of the Rev. John Chipman, of 
Beverly, Massachusetts. The Chipmans 
were numbered among the old Colonial 
families of the Province. Mr. Porter mar- 
ried (second) Elizabeth Nowell, of Bos- 
ton. During the Revolutionary War he 
volunteered as chaplain and always be- 
lieved that his prayers turned the tide 
of battle at Saratoga. To his great honor 
be it recorded that he was strongly anti- 
slavery. Many anecdotes are related il- 
lustrative of his strength of principle, his 
originality of mind and his trenchant and 
ready wit. A gentleman who refused to 
attend church ended his argument with 
"I have a right to think as I have a mind 
to." To which Mr. Porter instantly re- 
plied, "You have no right to think 



P 



245 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



wrong." On February 29, 1820, this de- 
voted man "ceased from earth." He had 
rounded out, in years, very nearly a cen- 
tury, seventy-five of those years having 
been spent in the Christian ministry. His 
character, considered from every side, is 
one of the noblest in our history. 

(VI) Nehemiah (3) Porter, son of 
Nehemiah (2) and Rebecca (Chipman) 
Porter, was born January 12, 1753. He 
married, July 18, 1776, Mary Tardy, of 
Halifax, Nova Scotia. 

(VII) Joseph Blaney Porter, son of 
Nehemiah (3) and Mary (Tardy) Porter, 
was born June 28, 1795. He married, De- 
cember II, 1817, in Nova Scotia, Elizabeth 
Wyman, daughter of Matthew Wyman. 
Mr. Porter died April 12, 1859. 

(VIII) Elizabeth Porter, daughter of 
Joseph Blaney and Elizabeth (Wyman) 
Porter, became the wife of Captain Ansel 
Crosby (see Crosby IV). She died in 
November, 1868. 



CROSBY, J. Elton, 

Business Man. 

J. Elton Crosby, one of the men who 
have won success in life by virtue of their 
natural ability and strength of will, was 
born October 21, 1889, in Greenwich, 
Connecticut, son of Joseph Porter Crosby 
(q.v.). 

He was educated in the Brunswick 
School in Greenwich, after which he ma- 
triculated in Worcester Polytechnic In- 
stitute with the class of 19 14. There he 
became a member of the Alpha Tau Mega 
fraternity. After completing his formal 
education, Mr. Crosby was associated 
with his father in the contracting busi- 
ness for about seven or eight years. In 
1919 he took charge of the real estate of- 
fice of Prince & Ripley, in Greenwich, in 
the managership of which he has been 
very successful. On November i, 1920, 



he opened business on his own account 
with offices at No. 29 Greenwich avenue, 
and does an extensive business in local 
real estate and insurance. 

Mr. Crosby married Estelle White, 
daughter of Warren P. and Jane (Sut- 
ton) White, of Purchase, New York. 
They are the parents of two children : J. 
Elton, Jr., born October 21, 1915; Ger- 
trude Estelle, born, 1920. 

Warren P. White, father of Mrs. Cros- 
by, was born November 20, 1854. He 
was reared in Greenwich, Connecticut, 
and went to school there. Thence he 
went to Brooklyn and clerked in a retail 
grocery store for some years, and then 
formed a partnership to engage in the re- 
tail grocery business. He was in business 
in Greenwich for many years, and part of 
this time was alone, having bought the 
interest of his partner. In 1910 Mr. 
White retired from active cares. He 
married Jane Sutton, daughter of James 
and Phoebe T. (Carpenter) Sutton. James 
Sutton was born in the town of Green- 
wich, Connecticut, and died in November, 
1880. He was a farmer all his life. His 
wife, Phoebe T. Carpenter, was a daugh- 
ter of Elnathan and Hannah (Haviland) 
Carpenter. Warren P. White and his 
wife, Jane (Sutton) White, were the par- 
ents of three children : Stephen, Edna and 
Estelle. Mrs. White is a member of the 
Society of Friends. Estelle White be- 
came the wife of J. Elton Crosby, as 
above noted. 



WINCHESTER, Albert Edward, 

Electrical Engineer, Inventor. 

When all things were made, none was 
better made than the man (the same 
through all generations) who having 
found his work does it with all his might, 
stays on the job and attends to business, 
honors all men and is honored. The high 



246 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



character and strength of such men are 
reflected in the enterprises they manage; 
their personahty imparts the human touch 
and commands confidence and respect. 
Such a man is Albert E. Winchester, gen- 
eral superintendent of the South Nor- 
walk (Connecticut) Electric Works. In 
his lineage are to be found many strains 
that from the Colonial period have con- 
tributed to give to America its unique 
character among the nations. His ances- 
tors were of English, French, Irish and 
Scotch extraction, including John Win- 
chester, Royal Governor Belcher, of Mas- 
sachusetts and later of New Jersey, the 
Jackson family of the Southern States, 
and the French Huguenots, Devone and 
Bennett, of New York and Canada. 

The family name of Winchester is 
among the oldest in England, being de- 
rived from the city of that name in the 
County of Hants. The name of Ralph de 
Wincestre is found in the Hundred Rolls, 
A. D. 1273. 

(I) John Winchester, who has been re- 
ferred to as one of the "Founders of New 
England," established this family in 
America. He was born in England in 
1616, and is said to have been an ad- 
venturous, religious, independence-loving 
scion of a titled family of Hertfordshire. 
On April 6, 1635, he sailed on the ship 
"Elizabeth" and landed in Boston, Mas- 
sachusetts. He was allotted five acres of 
land on what is now South street, Hing- 
ham, July 3, 1636, and settled there. In 
the same year he became a member of the 
first church of Boston. He was made a 
freeman, March 9, 1637, and a year later 
joined the Ancient and Honorable Artil- 
lery Company of Boston. About 1650 he 
and others moved to Muddy River, then 
a remote part of Boston, but now the 
aristocratic town of Brookline. There he 
was surveyor in 1664, 1669 and 1670; in 



1672 was constable ; and in 1680 was 
tythingman. He and his family united 
with the Roxbury church in 1674. His 
estate, at his death, April 25, 1694, as in- 
ventoried, indicates that he was well- 
to-do for those days, for it was appraised 
at £307, and consisted principally of all 
the land in Harvard street, Brookline, to. 
the top of Corey's hill and west to the 
Brighton line. 

(II) Josiah Winchester, son of John 
Winchester, married Mary Lyon, or 
Lyons, and their son, Elhanan, is of fur- 
ther mention. 

(III) Elhanan Winchester, son of Jo- 
siah and Mary (Lyon or Lyons) Winches- 
ter, married Mary Taylor, and their son, 
Elhanan, is of further mention. 

(IV) Elhanan (2) Winchester, son of 
Elhanan (i) and Mary (Taylor) Win- 
chester, was a deacon in the Church of 
the "New Lights." In 1777 he advanced 
£300 to the town of Newton, Massachu- 
setts, to pay the needy soldiers, whom 
the town in its impoverished condition on 
account of the war was unable to provide 
for. This loan greatly reduced his re- 
sources, and no record that it was repaid 
has been found. He married Sarah Bel- 
cher, a daughter of Royal Governor Bel- 
cher. He held the office of governor of 
his native colony of Massachusetts from 
1730 to 1741, and at his death in 1757 was 
royal governor of New Jersey. 

(V) Samuel Winchester, son of El- 
hanan (2) and Sarah (Belcher) Winches- 
ter, served in the Revolutionary War 
under General Gates. He participated in 
the battle of Stillwater, and was present 
at the surrender of General Burgoyne's 
army in Saratoga, New York. Samuel 
Winchester married for his third wife 
Hannah Woods. 

(VI) Ebenezer Winchester, son of 
Samuel and Hannah (Woods) Winches- 



247 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ter, was bom in Marcellus, New York, 
March 30, 1814, and died in Valley- 
Springs, California, February i, 1897. He 
was an editor in his early days, being a 
fellow-worker with Horace Greeley and 
Whitelaw Reid on the New York "Tri- 
bune." For some time he was the pub- 
lisher of the Fredonia, New York, "Cen- 
sor." At another time he established the 
"New World," said to have been New 
York's first society illustrated paper. He 
also did much editorial and other writing 
for other newspapers. During the sixties 
and seventies he and his son, Theodore 
Winchester, owned and operated a news- 
paper and printing establishment in 
Marietta, Ohio. The latter years of Eben- 
ezer Winchester's life were spent in Oak- 
land and Valley Springs, California, 
where until he became blind he pursued 
writing and research work of a literary 
nature. 

Mr. Winchester married Elizabeth Nel- 
son Story, who was born in Annapolis 
Royal, Nova Scotia, March 26, 181 5. She 
was a direct descendant of John Story, 
who came from England in the first half 
of the eighteenth century and settled in 
Halifax, Nova Scotia, where he became 
an extensive ship merchant. His young- 
est son, Francis Story, father of Elizabeth 
Nelson Story, was born in Laurencetown, 
near Halifax, June 24, 1776. Being a 
commander of ships in the West India 
trade, he was known as Captain Story. 
Quite early in the nineteenth century he 
became a resident of Westchester county. 
New York. Maternally, Elizabeth Nel- 
son Story was descended from the French 
Huguenot families of Devone — now called 
Devoe — and Bennett, founders of the 
numerous Westchester county families 
bearing those names. The original De- 
vones and Bennetts, having left Rochelle, 
France, in consequence of the revocation 



of the Edict of Nantes in 1685, were early 
settlers in New Rochelle, New York. 
Frederick Devone, great-grandfather of 
Elizabeth Nelson (Story) Winchester, 
was born there early in the seventeen hun- 
dreds. He engaged in business in New 
York City, where he resided during the 
winter seasons on Franklin square, spend- 
ing his summers at his country home in 
New Rochelle. He was the owner of a 
considerable estate. Frederick Devone 
was a vestryman of St. Paul's Chapel, 
New York. Being a Royalist, he removed 
to Nova Scotia after the British evacuated 
New York, taking with him his ward, 
David Bennett, who was born in New 
Rochelle, March 31, 1757. David Bennett 
was married at Annapolis Royal, Nova 
Scotia, to Charity Devone, a daughter of 
his guardian, Frederick Devone, who was 
born in New Rochelle, New York, Janu- 
ary 27, 1759. This marriage took place 
about 1782 or 1783. Their oldest daugh- 
ter, Sarah Bennett, who was born in An- 
napolis, Nova Scotia, December 21, 1784, 
was married at that place, March 13, 
1806, to Captain Francis Story, and they 
were the parents of Elizabeth Nelson 
Story, who as the wife of Ebenezer Win- 
chester was the grandmother of Albert E. 
Winchester. 

(VII) Theodore Winchester, son of 
Ebenezer and Elizabeth Nelson (.Story) 
Winchester, was born in Brooklyn, New 
York, March 30, 1842, and died in Balti- 
more, Maryland, December 11, 1883. He 
received an education better than was 
given to most youths of his day. He pos- 
sessed an active mind, and besides mak- 
ing the most of the opportunities afforded 
him he added to his store of knowledge 
by wise and careful reading and by keen 
and thoughtful observation. He literally 
grew up in the printing office of his father, 
the work being such as appeals to almost 



248 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



every boy. He became a thoroug-h all- 
round printer, and remained identified 
with the printing business in one way 
and another as long as he lived. He took 
out a number of patents, and contributed 
many improvements in methods of de- 
signing, cutting and making type. Dur- 
ing the sixties and seventies he was asso- 
ciated with his father in the ownership 
and operation of a newspaper and print- 
ing plant at Marietta, Ohio. It was there 
that he began his inventive work on 
printing appliances. At the time of his 
death he was associated with the Balti- 
more Type Foundry. During all these 
years he was associated with various pub- 
lishers, for he was an exceptionally fluent 
and versatile writer. While he never 
essayed to be a poet, he possessed a splen- 
did gift of poesy, though this was exer- 
cised mostly for his own entertainment. 
As a free-lance writer his editorial writ- 
ings appeared in many publications. He 
also possessed marked artistic talent, but 
this too was used merely as a means of 
amusement. 

On December ii, 1865, Theodore Win- 
chester married Anna Maud Jackson, who 
was born November 25, 1847, '^i Danby, 
New York, and died January 21, 191 1, in 
Los Angeles, California. In her latter 
years she was known in literary circles 
and among her friends as Mrs. Winches- 
ter-Dennie. Her second husband, de- 
ceased, was Henry Eugene Dennie, a 
pioneer builder of railroads in Mexico and 
Central America. From girlhood, Mrs. 
Winchester-Dennie was devoted to edu- 
cational and literary work, and became 
prominent in both, particularly as an edi- 
torial writer on political and governmen- 
tal matters and as a promoter of modern 
education. Her newspaper work took her 
to Mexico in 1881, and there she labored 
for and succeeded in the introduction of 



the American school system. As a mark 
of distinction, she was the first woman to 
be commissioned by the Mexican govern- 
ment as Professor of Instruction, which 
followed her marriage to Mr. Dennie. 
After a residence of about twenty years 
in Mexico, and having become a widow, 
she made her home with her son, Albert 
E. Winchester, in South Norwalk, Con- 
necticut. Her long continuous work had 
made her an invalid, and her entire for- 
tune had been exhausted in the advance- 
ment of education and uplift effort. In 
about five years she went to the Pacific 
coast in the hope of restoring her health, 
but her strength continued to fail until 
January 21, 191 1, when she passed away. 
Until a few months before the end, Mrs. 
Winchester-Dennie pursued her literary 
work as a reviewer, rewriter and critic of 
fiction and other writings. Her father, 
George Jackson, of Virginia and Mary- 
land stock, late of Ithaca, New York, was 
of English and Scotch descent. Her 
mother was Caroline (Denton) Jackson, 
of Danby, New York, who was of Eng- 
lish and Irish descent. A direct maternal 
ancestor is understood to have been an 
Irish countess who married below her 
station and ran away to America. George 
Jackson worked on the laying out of 
Washington, D. C, and was early asso- 
ciated with Samuel F. B. Morse, the in- 
ventor of electric telegraphy, and Ezra 
Cornell, founder of Cornell University, 
with whom he helped to construct the 
first electric telegraph line between Wash- 
ington and Baltimore. His forefathers, 
after concluding that slavery was wrong, 
freed their slaves and came North, set- 
tling in the vicinity of Ithaca, many years 
before the war that settled the slavery 
question. He was also one of the original 
"Forty-niners" who went to seek gold in 



249 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



California. Upon his return he resumed 
his occupation of farmer and cattle dealer. 
(VIII) Albert E. Winchester, son of 
Theodore and Anna Maud (Jackson) 
Winchester, in 1871 accompanied his 
mother to her old home in Ithaca, New 
York, where he attended school until 
New York City became their home in 
1876. At the age of ten he secured his 
first position, as office boy with the Wall 
street law firm of Wells Hendershott. 
The spring of 1881 found our subject em- 
barking for old Mexico with his mother, 
who had been appointed to write a guide- 
book for the Gould-Grant Railroad, then 
under concession, and as Mexican corre- 
spondent for several American periodi- 
cals. At that time he was just fourteen 
years old, and there being no suitable 
school for him in Mexico in those days, 
and having evinced from earliest boy- 
hood an insatiable zeal and ardor for con- 
structive mechanics, and a keen apprecia- 
tion of scientific values, he became an 
apprentice in the Mexican Central Rail- 
road, which was then being built to the 
United States. He served successively in 
the treasury department, the mechanical 
section in connection with locomotive and 
car building, and out on pioneer railroad 
construction. On completing his time in 
1883, he was sent back to the United 
States to qualify for college and took a 
preparatory course in the Whitlock Acad- 
emy, Wilton, Connecticut. At this early 
day the young man was investigating the 
then new problem of the commercial de- 
velopment of electricity as his limited 
time permitted, and at the conclusion of 
his course at the academy, instead of en- 
tering college, he began in the year 1886, 
as the youngest member of the parent 
Edison Company's engineering staff, un- 
der the well known veteran electrical and 
mechanical engineer, J. H. Vail, who was 



then the general superintendent, and con- 
tinued with the various organizations of 
the Edison interests in line of succes- 
sion from draughtsman to constructing 
engineer, until the formation of the Gen- 
eral Electric Company, with which he 
remained until 1893, when he became a 
director of the Electrical & Mechanical 
Engineering Company of New York, and 
its superintendent of construction for the 
three ensuing years. 

During 1896 and 1897, Mr. Winchester 
was on the staff of the New York Edison 
Illuminating Company. From that time 
to the present (1921) he has held his pres- 
ent position of general superintendent of 
the South Norwalk Electric Works. 
Back in 1892, he designed and superin- 
tended the construction of this plant, 
after which year and until 1902 he also 
served as a member of South Nor- 
walk's Board of Electrical Commission- 
ers. Thus he has devoted himself contin- 
uously to his city since 1892, contributing 
a large part of his time and ability with- 
out remuneration other than the know- 
ledge of having done his best as a public 
servant. Mr. Winchester's present stand- 
ing in his city, in addition to that of su- 
perintendent of the electrical works, is 
that of superintendent of the fire alarm 
telegraph since 1893, and city electrical 
engineer since 1902. He also assists the 
Public Utilities Commission of Connecti- 
cut in a consulting capacity, and is elec- 
trical adviser to several municipalities 
and private corporations. He is a direc- 
tor of the Norwalk Building and Loan 
Association, and a member of the execu- 
tive committee of the South Norwalk 
Board of Trade. In 1906 Mr. Winchester 
became president of the Water and Elec- 
tric Company of Westport, Connecticut, 
and so continued until the company was 
absorbed some years later by the New 



250 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



York & New Haven Railroad Company. 
In the meantime, he saw the Westport 
concern rise from a precarious condition 
to one of prosperity as the result of the 
united and earnest purpose of himself and 
his associates to deal fairly with its pa- 
trons. 

Mr. Winchester's scientific and social 
affiliations are numerous. He holds the 
highest grade, that of Fellow, and has 
been a full member, of the American In- 
stitute of Electrical Engineers since 1887. 
He is also a founder member of the Edi- 
son Pioneers, who were the great inven- 
tor's helpers in his discoveries before the 
latter eighties. He is a member of Old 
Well Lodge, No. 108, Ancient Free and 
Accepted Masons ; Butler Chapter, No. 
38, Royal Arch Masons ; Washington 
Council, No. 6, Royal and Select Masters ; 
Washington Commandery, No. 3, Knights 
Templar ; and Pyramid Temple, Ancient 
Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic 
Shrine. His memberships also include 
the Eastern Star, the Red Men, Elks, 
Heptasophs, Royal Arcanum, South Nor- 
walk Club, Knob Club, Council of the 
Norwalk Division of the Boy Scouts of 
America, and others. 

Since 1893 Mr. Winchester has been a 
constantly active member of the South 
Norwalk Fire Department, of which he 
was chief for two terms, stepping back 
into the ranks in 1907. After twenty 
years of continuous service he was made 
an active life member of Old Well Hook 
& Ladder Company, which he had early 
joined, and of which he is now treasurer. 
In the volunteer service he is credited 
with never having faltered in the line of 
duty ; regardless of weather, personal 
safety or other consideration he would be 
found in the thick of the fight, using good 
judgment and telling efiForts, which won 
him the respect of his associates and the 



citizens generally. He is also a member 
of the Connecticut State Firemen's Asso- 
ciation and the Connecticut Fire Chief's 
Club. 

He has often been mentioned for politi- 
cal offices of prominence, but has declined 
to be a candidate. He is opposed to en- 
tering any political contest for the glory 
of winning, or to oppose a friend, or to 
seek and accept an office that is held and 
wanted by a man who has faithfully ren- 
dered efficient service. 

Though he is an inventor of acknow- 
ledged genius, Mr. Winchester has never 
taken out any patents for himself, holding 
that his employers were entitled to the 
results of his eflforts. Among other de- 
vices, he originated one of the first prac- 
tical quick-break switches for heavy 
electric currents, the exact principles of 
which are in general use to-day. The 
sectional iron bracket pole for supporting 
trolley wires was developed by him ; also 
improvements in the key sockets for in- 
candescent lamps ; an automatic trolley 
pole and contact for electric train service ; 
an early car motor controller, and he 
aided in the evolution of the one now 
commonly in use on electric street cars. 
He contributed many other improvements 
and modifications of great value to trol- 
ley line appliances and construction, to 
which work he was assigned for a consid- 
erable period of time. In 1916-17 he col- 
laborated with the General Electric Com- 
pany in evolving the new type of very 
efficient ornamental street lighting unit 
that was first installed in South Norwalk 
in 1918. He was also detailed from time 
to time on special lines under the direc- 
tion of Mr. Edison, of which fact he is 
justly proud, and believes that his contact 
with the great inventor has been of incal- 
culable benefit to him. Mr. Winchester's 
speciality, however, has gradually con- 



251 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



centrated his attention on the intricate 
engineering and management details of 
electric lighting and power undertakings. 
He has participated in the designing of 
over one hundred electric lighting and 
street railway generating stations, of 
which some were erected under his per- 
sonal supervision. Some of the more im- 
portant of these plants were : The early 
Edison stations in New York City, Bos- 
ton, Philadelphia, Chicago, Cincinnati, St. 
Louis, San Francisco, New Orleans, Kan- 
sas City, Topeka, Milwaukee, Detroit, 
Providence, Brooklyn, Wilmington, and 
many others. In electric street railway 
work he was connected with the construc- 
tion of the Richmond street railway — the 
pioneer of the old Sprague Company — the 
street railways of Scranton, Brooklyn, 
Jamaica, Hoosic Falls, Poughkeepsie and 
Wappingers Falls, New York's first ex- 
perimental road using the surface contact 
plates, and many others. 

In the autumn of 1905, representative 
citizens from all parts of the Nation were 
called to New York City to attend a spe- 
cial convention of the National Civic Fed- 
eration, assembled at Columbia Univer- 
sity, in response to the demand of the 
American people for real facts relating to 
the advantages and disadvantages result- 
ing from applied public and private own- 
ership of public utilities. This vital issue 
had become a topic of serious contention 
between privately owned public serving 
utilities on the one hand, and those people 
who believed that the public should own 
and operate its own utilities. A commit- 
tee of twenty-one commissioners, of whom 
Mr. Winchester was one, was by vote 
named and given the necessary power 
and finances to thoroughly investigate 
this subject under operative conditions, 
both in this country and abroad, aided by 
a picked corps of experts in engineering. 



management, accounting labor economics, 
and civic efficiency. The list of names is 
too long to include in this article, but it 
comprises men recognized the country 
over as leaders in their respective fields. 
In recognition of his experience and qual- 
ifications. Commissioner Winchester was 
also selected as one of the two electric 
lighting and power experts of the foreign 
investigation committee. He sailed for 
England in the early spring of 1906, and 
for five months his time was wholly occu- 
pied in a minute investigation of the elec- 
tric, gas, and street railway undertakings 
of the large cities of England, Scotland 
and Ireland, and afterwards devoted much 
of his time in this country to aiding in the 
compilation of the vast amount of data 
included in the commission's report. 
This report was given to the public in 
1907, and still stands as the most com- 
plete work of its nature, and is the world's 
best authority within its field. 

During Mr. Winchester's stay in Lon- 
don, in 1906, Superintendent Hamilton, 
of the London Fire Brigade, gave a spe- 
cial demonstration of fire fighting in his 
honor as a visiting active fire chief. A 
building was provided especially for that 
purpose, to which fire apparatus was 
called from a distance as great as three 
or four miles, in order to establish a time 
record for response. Prominent features 
of the exhibition were the scaling of 
buildings and life-net rescues. 

While abroad, Mr. Winchester was 
also a United States delegate of the Amer- 
ican Institute of Electrical Engineers to 
the International Congress of Electrical 
Engineers at London. Professor J. H. 
Gray, in his report on the South Norwalk 
plant, speaks characteristically of Mr. 
Winchester, as follows : 

Although the present superintendent, Mr. A. E. 
Winchester, was originally chief promoter of the 



252 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



plant, the constructing engineer, and for nearly 
ten years one of the Commissioners — resigning 
July I, 1902, and from four years previous to that 
date up to the present time superintendent of the 
plant — and although he takes a very active part in 
Republican politics and always has done so, I have 
not been able to find that political considerations 
have at any time had any influence in the promo- 
tion, disciplining or dismissing of any member of 
the force or with the operation of the plant. It 
ought also to be said that a large part of the 
success of the plant and of the enthusiasm with 
which it is regarded by the public are due to the 
personal activity and character of Mr. Winches- 
ter. His character in connection with the plant 
and his dominating influence over its fortunes are 
unique, so far as my observation goes. I under- 
stand that Mr. Winchester, in the early days, 
served the city in connection with the establish- 
ment and management of the electric plant with- 
out any salary at all, and in recent years has 
served as superintendent for a smaller compen- 
sation than he could command elsewhere. I be- 
lieve also that every extension and enlargement 
of the works recommended by him has been 
speedily authorized by the city, and that in no 
case has the expense of the work exceeded his 
estimate as presented to the city meeting. In fact, 
he has come well within every special appropria- 
tion made for investment, except one for $S,00o 
for motors, in which the original estimate was not 
exceeded. (Schedule I., volume II., pages 667-8, 
report entitled "Municipal and Private Operation 
of Public Utilities"). 

In his early career, Mr. Winchester 
took up the contrasting study of private 
and public ownership of public serving 
utilities from the standpoint of civic bene- 
fits and economies. He had heard much 
strong argument on both sides of the con- 
troversy by his associates and others 
whose opinions were shaped by connected 
interests, so seldom substantiated by 
clearly demonstrated facts, that he be- 
came interested, not as a radical either 
way, but in the belief that the question 
was of such importance that it should be 
given deeper and broader consideration, 
from a purely practical and unbiased 
point of view, than the opposing sides 



seemed able to agree upon. He wanted 
to know the real truth, and although 
already possessed of a fair insight into the 
methods of private ownership, he felt sure 
that a close investigation on both sides of 
the question would fail to demonstrate 
either the fallacies or the virtues of either 
side to the extent alleged, and that the 
best results for all concerned depended 
not so much upon the title of ownership, as 
upon the degree of honesty in the policy 
of management and the perfection of 
business methods and efiSciency of opera- 
tion. When fully convinced that the 
question of ownership was secondary to 
service rendered, and that no up-to-date 
reason existed why a well handled pri- 
vately or publicly owned undertaking in 
the service of the people could not oper- 
ate with equal satisfaction, Mr. Winches- 
ter accepted the opportunity to prove his 
hypothesis in South Norwalk, with the 
backing of the people and the best type of 
business men as his associate commis- 
sioners in the upbuilding of this enter- 
prise. The resulting plant owned by the 
city, as previously mentioned, was de- 
signed by him, even to the details of its 
business methods, its system of rates and 
accounting, and has always been under 
his charge. From every point of view and 
from its earliest existence this plant has 
made good. Not only has it expanded to 
many times its original size, but it is 
famous all over the country for its long 
continued undeniable success, and be- 
cause it paid up its entire investment of 
borrowed capital, of over two hundred 
thousand dollars, with interest, from its 
own earned profits and has never cost the 
citizens one cent of taxation, but has paid 
money into the municipal treasury in- 
stead. 

That Mr. Winchester is not biased as 
to ownership of public utilities is evident 



253 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



from the fact that while busy pushing the 
South Norwalk municipal plant to suc- 
cess, he was also busy in the same way as 
president of the private water and electric 
service company, in the adjoining town of 
Westport. Mr. Winchester holds that 
public ownership has a legitimate field of 
its own, and that no well conducted pri- 
vate enterprise in the same line that gives 
its community a square deal need fear 
civic competition. Public ownership, in 
his opinion, is the people's alternative of 
the present time against an unjust mo- 
nopoly armed with iniquitous power to 
force unsatisfactory service and unrea- 
sonable rates upon its following, simply 
because, being a monopoly, it can. He is 
confident that such abuse of dominion 
through lack of proper control — not the 
rule, and when evident is mostly the pub- 
lic's fault — will in a not remote to-mor- 
row compel society to assume its dormant 
power and demand irresistibly that pro- 
digous change be made in current laws, 
establishing equal, just and sufficient 
protection against infringements both 
ways, between publicly ovvned common 
weal and privately owned public service 
monopolies. 

To-day applied success is possibly our 
most convincing factor, representing its 
public ownership phase, on the one side, 
in the model South Norwalk plant, and 
on the other, private ownership in the 
progress of the Westport Company, both 
more or less influenced by the same mind. 

Mr. Winchester has said much upon the 
subject of public utilities, in print and 
from the lecture platform. He read a 
notable paper before the Conference of 
American Mayors, held at Philadelphia in 
November, 1914, covering the subject of 
municipal ownership of an electric plant 
as exemplified in the South Norwalk ven- 
ture. The paper was of such merit that 



it was published in the Annals of the 
American Society of Political and Social 
Science, in January, 1915. His advice has 
also been largely sought by both private 
undertakings engaged in public service, 
and by municipalities that he has beconle 
known for his broad judgment through- 
out the United States, as a safe authority 
on public service problems. His mother's 
charge, "My son, be a good citizen," has 
been Mr. Winchester's inspiration since 
boyhood. 

Many who know the subject of this 
sketch call him "Colonel." Mr. Winches- 
ter claims no title to military rank. Some 
time previous to the Spanish-American 
War, he served as confidential adviser to 
agents of the Cuban revolutionists in 
electrical and engineering matters, with 
particular regard to the laying of mines. 
Having been in Cuba, and speaking Span- 
ish, and heartily in sympathy with the 
struggle for "Cuba Libre," he was se- 
lected as a member of a proposed military 
engineering corps, with the rank of col- 
onel, to be sent to Cuba. As the United 
States had not at that time become in- 
volved in Cuba's struggle, Mr. Winches- 
ter declined the appointment, in the inter- 
est of maintaining neutrality, but many 
friends still apply the title, much to his 
embarrassment. 

Mr. Winchester has been married twice. 
His first wife, to whom he was married 
on October 24, 1888, was Carrie Augusta 
Davenport Whitlock, daughter of Augus- 
tus Whitlock, in whose academy Mr. 
Winchester had prepared for college. 
She died childless on September 24, 1894. 
Mr. Winchester married for his second 
wife, February i, 1896, Elizabeth Grant 
Bray, who was born in Lincroft, New 
Jersey, April 8, 1876, daughter of David 
H. and Stella C. (Van Schoick) Bray. He 
was a farmer for many years in the vicin- 



254 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ity of Red Bank, New Jersey. This union 
has been blessed with the following chil- 
dren : I. Louis Dennie, born August 4. 
1897, died July 2, 1898. 2. Herbert Dav- 
enport, born July 30, 1900; he left the 
freshman class at Stevens Institute of 
Technology to enlist as a volunteer in the 
United States army, 1918; he was not 
sent overseas, but was honorably dis- 
charged from the service in 1019 and 
returned to college. 3. Edward Van 
Schoick, bom July 8, 1901 ; at the age of 
seventeen he tried three times to enlist 
in the United States navy, but was re- 
jected on account of his youth ; he took 
a position in the New York Division Su- 
perintendent's Office of the New York & 
New Haven Railroad Company. 

Mr. Winchester's favorite pursuits are 
the study and practice of those sciences 
involved in his vocation, the study of po- 
litical science, economics and philosophy. 
His patriotism is intense, which to his 
mind finds its best expression in rendering 
efficient public service for the sake of the 
results rather than for personal reward. 
He believes in constructive rather than 
destructive criticism ; in bringing har- 
mony out of confusion ; in attracting peo- 
ple to each other by showing the good 
that can always be found in everyone, if 
it is appealed to sympathetically; in set- 
tling disputes by man-to-man and heart- 
to- heart conferences ; in telling the good 
that can be told of others, with emphasis ; 
in helping the needy without their learn- 
ing the source of the benefaction. He is 
greatly interested in everything that per- 
tains to his fellow-man, and his special 
interest in boys finds an outlet to their 
advantage in his activities in connection 
with the Boy Scout movement, already 
referred to. Mr. Winchester is a strong 
believer in Divinity, and is convinced that 
all things are controlled and actuated by 



a positive, authentic, supreme purpose of 
concentrated right, which is perfect 
power and action eternal. Though non- 
sectarian in his own views, he honors and 
respects all creeds and those who en- 
deavor faithfully to live up to them. 



EMERY, Albert Hamilton, 

Celebrated Inventor. 

The derivation of names, which is al- 
ways an interesting study, proves that 
places of abode and occupation were the 
most frequent sources of their origin, but 
very often we find one derived from either 
a personal characteristic or similar qual- 
ity. The surname, Emery, is derived 
from Almeric, a Christian name signify- 
ing "of obscure origin." It was gradu- 
ally changed to the present English form 
and spelling. In the Italian it is Amerigo 
and is forever represented in the word 
"America." 

John Emery, founder of the American 
branch of the family, was born September 
29, 1598, in Hampshire, England, and was 
the son of John and Agnes Emery. On 
April 3, 1635, John (2) Emery sailed in 
the "James," of London, for Boston, Mas- 
sachusetts, landing on June 3, 1635. Soon 
after, he removed to Newbury, Massachu- 
setts, where he received a grant ; was 
made a freeman on June 2, 1641, and re- 
ceived a further grant on April 19, 1644. 
He served as selectman in 1661 ; as fence 
viewer in 1666 ; and as grand juryman in 
1666. He married (first) in England, 

Mary , who died in April, 1649, '" 

Newbury. He married (second) Mrs. 
Mary (Shatswell) Webster. His death 
occurred in Newbury, November 3, 1683, 
and he was survived by his widow until 
April 28, 1694. 

Six generations later the father of Al- 
bert H. Emery was born and he was 
Samuel Emery, son of Joshua and Ruth 



255 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(Nott) Emery, born July 14, 1792, and 
traveled in an ox-cart to Mexico, Oswego 
county. New York, at a time when there 
were but three houses in that settlement. 
Undeterred by this, however, he built 
the fourth house and made the place his 
home, following his calling, which was 
that of a farmer. He married (first) Jan- 
uary 2, 1820, Catherine Shepard, who was 
born August 19, 1795, in Alstead, New 
Hampshire, and died July 27, 1854. The 
death of Samuel Emery occurred January 
24, 1876, in Mexico, New York. He and 
his wife were members of the Presby- 
terian church. 

His son, Albert Hamilton Emery, was 
born June 21, 1834, in Mexico, New York, 
and was next to the youngest of eight 
children. He grew up accustomed to a 
farm environment, attending school dur- 
ing the summer and winter from the age 
of five years to that of ten, and also the 
two winters when he was eleven and 
twelve years old. From that time he at- 
tended school no more until the winter of 
1851, when he studied for three months 
in the Mexico Academy, devoting special 
attention to surveying. He had been, 
meanwhile, employed on his father's 
farm. 

After studying surveying during the 
winter of 1851, Mr. Emery worked at it 
throughout the following summer, and 
in the autumn of 1852 attended the acad- 
emy for another three months. In the 
winter of 1852-53 he taught a school in 
Union Settlement, and then engaged in 
surveying on a proposed Syracuse & Par- 
ishville railroad. He later worked at 
surveying on the proposed Oswego & 
Troy railroad. In the autumn of 1854 he 
returned home and made a copy of a map 
of Niagara Falls from the State Geologi- 
cal Survey. This map, which was a fine 
piece of draughtsmanship, was destined 
to play an important part in shaping Mr. 



Emery's career. In the autumn of 1854, 
desiring to perfect his knowledge of civil 
engineering, he entered the Rensselaer 
Polytechnic Institute in Troy, New York, 
studying for five or six weeks before 
the close of the winter session. The 
course covered a period of four years, but 
Mr. Emery was at the institute only a 
little over two years and a half, not in- 
cluding the year when he was absent on 
account of an attack of typhoid fever. In 

1858 he graduated with the degree of 
Civil Engineer in the first section of a 
class of forty-eight. He defrayed part 
of the expense of his course by teaching 
topographical drawing in the school, his 
pupils including the graduating class. 

The first professional work which en- 
gaged the attention of Mr. Emery was the 
erection of a church steeple in his native 
town of Mexico, New York. This was 
considered by local contractors almost 
impossible, but Mr. Emery did not find 
the task a difficult one. In the summer of 

1859 Mr. Emery went to Washington and 
took out two patents on cheese presses. 
In the fall of 1859 he became acquainted 
with G. B. Lamar, of Savannah, Georgia, 
for whom he built a cotton packing press 
and also designed two compressors for 
compressing cotton. They had a capacity 
of two thousand bales in twenty hours 
with a pressure of five hundred tons on 
each bale, but Mr. Lamar's needs changed 
and the compressors were never built. 
Later Mr. Emery formed a partnership 
with Mr. Lamar, by the terms of which 
he was to furnish the patents and Mr. 
Lamar the money to build and sell cotton 
packing presses and compresses. This 
was in the autumn of 1859. The first press 
was built in Brooklyn, whence it was 
shipped South. They were planning to 
put one hundred agents in the field, but 
Mr. Lamar was conscious of the fast ap- 
proaching upheaval and desired to pro- 



2.S6 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ceed slowly with their enterprise until 
after the next presidential election. Mr. 
Emery, not being willing to wait a year 
for the turn of political events, returned 
home and during the summer built cheese 
presses on his own account. 

In the autumn of 1861 Mr. Emery 
asked Professor Drown, of the Rensselaer 
Polytechnic Institute, for a letter to the 
Secretary of War, Mr. Cameron. Edwin 
D. Morgan was then governor of New 
York and he also gave Mr. Emery a letter 
to Mr. Cameron. Mr. Emery was desir- 
ous of obtaining a position as engineer 
in the army, a position which could ordi- 
narily be held only by a West Point 
graduate. Mr. Emery obtained an inter- 
view with General Richard Delafield, who 
had charge of all the fortifications in the 
State of New York. General Delafield 
requested Mr. Emery to make copies of 
drawings of all these forts for him, which 
he did. He also made drawings of several 
batteries of field guns for the United 
States Government which were built un- 
der the superintendance of Mr. Emery 
and paid for by the State of New York. 
From 1 86 1 for several years Mr. Emery 
spent much time experimenting on guns 
and projectiles for the War Department. 
Mr. Emery designed several sizes of pro- 
jectiles, submitted his plans to Admiral 
Dahlgren, and made a number of projec- 
tiles for several sizes of naval guns. Lieu- 
tenant Mitchell having charge of firing 
them. During this time Mr. Emery was 
also making cotton presses and had em- 
barked in a venture to extract materials 
from southern light wood or fat pine. He 
worked out and patented a process by 
which from one cord of that wood the 
following products were obtained : Forty- 
three gallons of turpentine, two barrels 
of tar, one barrel of pitch, twenty-five 
barrels of charcoal, five thousand cubic 
feet of illuminating gas, six hundred gal- 



lons of crude pyroligneous acid. Before 
the enterprise could get well under way 
the works were burned and with no in- 
surance, so he was without funds to re- 
build them. This was an early attempt to 
utilize by-products which has since come 
into such general use in many industries, 
but at this time (1865) was much ahead 
of common practice. 

The next important work undertaken 
by Mr. Emery was the designing of a 
new system of scales. Mr. Philo Reming- 
ton, of Ilion, New York, advanced the 
money to build the first three scales un- 
der this system, which, as has been most 
truly and forcibly observed, was one of 
the first great stones in the foundation of 
Mr. Emery's fame. These three scales 
were built in the Remington shops. One 
of them was set up and loaded with seven 
thousand pounds of iron. Its capacity 
was twenty thousand pounds and with a 
load of seven thousand pounds it was sen- 
sitive to one-half an ounce. In 1873 Mr. 
Emery met Mr. William Sellers, who was 
reputed to be one of the best mechanical 
engineers of his day. He saw him in 
Philadelphia and showed him his scale 
drawings. Mr. Sellers became much in- 
terested, especially in one feature of the 
invention, the absence of knife edges, 
these scales dififering in this from the 
ordinary balance or scale which has knife 
edges which are rapidly injured by wear 
and rust. Mr. Sellers was a manufac- 
turer of machine tools and it was he who 
introduced Mr. Emery to Mr. J. H. 
Towne, father of Henry R. Towne, who 
later became famous as the head of the 
Yale & Towne Manufacturing Company. 
Mr. Emery said it would require $800,000 
to develop the manufacture of these scales 
in the way he contemplated. 

Meanwhile, Mr. Emery had designed a 
great one-thousand-ton testing machine to 
go to Seller's bridge works. There was 



257 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



a delay in closing the negotiations, and 
Mr. Emery returned home. Mr. Sellers 
introduced Mr. Emery to Colonel Laid- 
ley, of the Ordnance Bureau of the War 
Department. He met him at the Reming- 
ton Armory in Ilion, New York, by ap- 
pointment and gave him a demonstration 
with the scales that he had there. As a 
result Mr. Emery was asked by the Ord- 
nance Department to design a large test- 
ing machine while Colonel Laidley was 
investigating the testing machines of this 
country and Europe. He then designed 
a system of testing machines, from little 
ones to big ones. While he was working 
on these designs, Colonel Laidley re- 
turned from Europe and gave him an 
order for a four-hundred-ton machine. 
This was on December 23, 1874. 

In February, 1875, Mr. Emery was 
called to Washington and there met Gen- 
eral Benet, chief of the Ordnance Depart- 
ment. It was decided to try to get an 
increased appropriation from Congress, 
which was obtained to cover additional 
work, and President Grant appointed a 
board to take charge of the matter and to 
this board Mr. Emery's designs were sub- 
mitted. The supervision of the contract 
was turned over to the board, Colonel 
Laidley acting as its president. Parts of 
the machine were built in different places, 
the whole being assembled at the Water- 
town Arsenal. In order to build this test- 
ing machine it was necessary to design a 
number of new and novel machines, one 
of these being a twenty-ton scale to 
standardize some weights with which to 
calibrate the testing machine. When this 
was finally tested with a load of forty- 
five thousand pounds, it was found to be 
sensitive to half an ounce under all loads. 
This demonstration greatly delighted the 
board. The completion of the testing 
machine was delayed by various difficul- 
ties, but in 1879 it was finished, and in 



1880 went into government use, constitut- 
ing a wonderful monument to the genius 
of the inventor. 

When this machine was tested by the 
board for acceptance, a bar of iron, having 
a section of twenty square inches, was 
pulled in two with a tension load of 
722,800 pounds, and immediately follow- 
ing, two horse hairs were tested, one 
breaking with a load of one pound and 
the other with a load of one and three- 
quarter pounds. This second hair was 
tested on a small dynamometer and broke 
with the same load of one and three- 
fourths pounds, showing the great sensi- 
tiveness of this large machine, which in 
1920 was as sensitive as ever, and is still 
in service. The testing machine while in 
operation at the arsenal in 1881 was con- 
sidered part of the exhibits of the Massa- 
chusetts Charitable Mechanic Association 
Fair, held in Boston, on Huntington ave- 
nue, and as such was awarded a large gold 
medal of honor, which cost $500 and was 
awarded for "That exhibit most condu- 
cive to human welfare." A second gold 
medal was at the same time also awarded 
Mr. Emery on this same machine for 
"The best scientific apparatus." 

In 1882 Mr. Emery moved from 
Chicopee, Massachusetts, to Stamford, 
Connecticut, and the Yale & Towne Man- 
ufacturing Company took up the manu- 
facture of his scales, gauges and testing 
machines, and three one-hundred-and- 
fifty-thousand-pound, and two three-hun- 
dred-thousand-pound testing machines, 
for tension, compression and transverse 
loads, were constructed. One of these 
went to the University of Toronto, an- 
other to McGill University of Montreal, 
and one to the University of Vienna. One 
of the large ones went to the Cambria 
Iron and Steel Works in Johnstown, 
Pennsylvania, and the other to the Beth- 
lehem Steel Company. 



25? 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Later the Yale & Towne Manufacturing 
Company, to whom Mr. Emery had sold 
his patents, disposed of them in turn to 
William Sellers & Company. Mr. Sellers 
designed a fifty-ton testing machine 
which was built under Mr. Emery's pat- 
ents and placed in the Watertown Arse- 
nal, Watertown, Massachusetts, where 
Mr. Emery's large machine was already 
in use. Under these patents machines 
were also built by William Sellers & 
Company for several of the technical 
schools and colleges in the United States 
and Europe. The War Department ex- 
hibited one of these machines in the Gov- 
ernment Building at the Columbia Expo- 
sition in Chicago in 1893, the machine 
afterward going to Sibley College, Cornell 
University. 

After the Yale & Towne Manufactur- 
ing Company sold his patents to William 
Sellers & Company, Mr. Emery resigned 
his position with them and resumed the 
designing of cannon and projectiles in 
which he had been interested during the 
Civil War. He designed a gun carriage 
for a twelve-inch rifle for the War De- 
partment under the supervision of the 
Board of Ordnance and Fortifications. 
This design was never completed for the 
reason that its construction required more 
money than had been appropriated. 
While with the Yale & Towne Manufac- 
turing Company he designed and built 
a car dynamometer for the Pennsylvania 
Railroad Company to make autographic 
records of the drawbar pull of locomo- 
tives, the dynamometer having a capacity 
of 28,000 pounds. Several years later, in 
1902, he was asked by Mr. Vogt, me- 
chanical engineer of the Pennsylvania 
railroad, to consider designing and con- 
structing another dynamometer for them, 
as the old one was entirely inadequate to 
measure the loads given by the increased 
size of locomotives. 



Mr. Emery was confined to his room 
with a broken knee cap at that time, but 
decided he could undertake the work, and 
he designed and built a car dynamometer 
of 100,000 pounds capacity, the Pennsyl- 
vania railroad designing and building the 
car therefor. The dynamometer was put 
into service in 1906 and is still in service. 
In the meantime the continued growth 
of locomotives and the introduction of the 
electric locomotive have made the ca- 
pacity of this instrument inadequate, and 
at present (1920) Mr. Emery is rebuilding 
certain parts of this machine to increase 
its capacity to measure 150,000 pounds 
drawbar pull instead of 100,000 pounds. 
In order to calibrate this instrument it 
was necessary to have a very accurate 
method of measuring hydraulic pressure, 
and he designed and constructed an ap- 
paratus for measuring hydraulic pressure 
up to 3,000 pounds per square inch, sensi- 
tive to 0.005 pound per square inch. In 
order to adjust the weights for this ma- 
chine a special scale, having very great 
accuracy and sensitiveness, was con- 
structed, using "Emery" plate fulcrums 
instead of knife edges. Later an im- 
proved form of this apparatus, having a 
capacity of 4,000 pounds per square inch, 
was built by him for the Bureau of Stand- 
ards. 

The next important undertaking which 
engaged the attention of Mr. Emery was 
the construction of two testing machines 
for the Bureau of Standards in Washing- 
ton. One was for loads of 230,000 pounds 
tension and compression, and the other 
for loads of 1,150,000 pounds tension and 
2,300,000 pounds compression, on speci- 
mens of any length up to thirty-three feet. 
While building these machines, Mr. 
Emery also constructed a machine to 
calibrate testing machines, which was in- 
stalled in his laboratory in Glenbrook, 
Connecticut. The calibrating machine is 



259 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



for loads of 4,000,000 pounds and it will 
show distinctly a variation of one pound 
in the load. The calibrating machine has 
eight twenty-five-hundred-pound stand- 
ard weights, each adjusted to a probable 
error of not more than one part in eight 
hundred thousand on the scale previously 
mentioned. 

These testing machines embodied im- 
provements over his earlier testing ma- 
chines, and contained a new form of 
"Emery" plate fulcrum, and the E. & T. 
Fairbanks & Company, of St. Johnsbury, 
Vermont, saw the machine and believed 
that these fulcrums could be adapted to 
railroad track scale, and working in con- 
junction with them and with the Penn- 
sylvania railroad, Mr. Emery designed 
and built such a scale, which was installed 
in Tyrone, Pennsylvania, and was entirely 
successful in its operations. The scale 
was redesigned to embody certain fea- 
tures which were developed in the con- 
struction and test of the first scale, and 
this design was adopted by the Penn- 
sylvania railroad as their standard for 
track scales, and is built by them in their 
own shops and also by the E. & T. Fair- 
banks & Company in St. Johnsbury, Ver- 
mont. 

During the first year of its use eighty 
million tons were weighed on this scale, 
which was located in Tyrone, Pennsyl- 
vania, without impairing in the least its 
sensitiveness or accuracy, whole trains 
passing over the scale at the rate of four 
miles an hour, each of the cars being 
weighed separately without stopping the 
train. Besides these trains which were 
weighed, many thousand more cars 
passed over that scale the first year for 
classification, and over seven thousand 
locomotives also passed over it. At the 
end of the year the scale was retested and 
pronounced as accurate as when first set 
up. 



In the winter 1910-11 Mr. Emery de- 
signed a track scale testing car for the 
United States Bureau of Standards. That 
car carries 100,000 pounds of standard 
weights and goes all over the United 
States testing the track scales of the rail- 
roads and industries. Mr. Emery con- 
structed a model of it, one-twelfth of the 
regular size, for the United States Bureau 
of Standards, for them to exhibit at the 
San Francisco Exposition. A second car, 
also equipped with 100,000 pounds of 
standard weights, was built for the Bu- 
reau of Standards in 191 5. Eight of these 
weights, each weighing 10,000 pounds, 
were adjusted to one part of 1,000,000. 
The Department of Agriculture had him 
design and build for them a scale that 
would weigh a hive of bees in one room, 
the weighing being done in another room. 
The temperature of the inner room be- 
ing maintained within one-tenth of a 
degree for long periods, to determine the 
temperature at which a colony of bees 
would eat the least honey. For the 
United States Bureau of Standards, Mr. 
Emery has built a set of test levers of 
50,000 pounds capacity for calibrating 
testing machines. 

Very early in his study of the construc- 
tion of ordnance, Mr. Emery conceived 
the idea of constructing guns by hydrau- 
licly expanding either a single forging or 
a series of concentric forgings, by the use 
of hydraulic pressure on the interior, thus 
putting the required initial strains into 
the metal instead of by the method of 
shrinking one part onto another. This 
also raises the elastic limit of the metal, 
and guns so made are much stronger than 
when the parts are shrunk together. 
These ideas were embodied in patents 
taken out by him both in this country and 
in many foreign countries. He tried 
many times to interest the gun manufac- 
turers and the War and Navy depart- 



260 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



merits in this process, but was unable to 
do so until in 1918 the Navy Department 
authorized the construction by him of a 
four-inch gun. This was hydraulicly ex- 
panded, using hydraulic pressures up to 
107,000 pounds per square inch, and tests 
of this gun have fully proved the value 
of his process. A pressure of 40,000 
pounds per square inch gave the original 
forging a permanent deformation, but 
after the process was completed it re- 
quired 75,000 pounds per square inch to 
give an additional permanent deforma- 
tion. This process has been adopted by 
the Navy Department for small guns 
(3" to 6") and in time will probably be 
adopted for large guns also. This process 
will enable the gun builder to construct 
a gun which will be lighter and stronger 
than the present gun, in less time, from 
very much less ingot metal, and with very 
much less machinery, reducing the cost 
20% to 30%. Eventually the government 
will probably save large amounts of 
money by this invention, but unfortun- 
ately for Mr. Emery his patents will have 
expired before any considerable applica- 
tion can be made. 

During the World War Mr. Emery 
spent a large portion of his time in trying 
to get this process of gun construction 
adopted, and at the same time his labor- 
atory was building tools and various 
mechanisms for the government. While 
in Washington, in June, 1919, Mr. Emery 
was run over by an automobile, shattering 
one bone of his right arm, telescoping his 
left wrist, and badly breaking his ankle, 
but fortunately all the breaks healed well 
in spite of his advanced age, eighty-five 
years, and at present he spends some time 
at his office almost every day. 

Mr. Emery married, March 3, 1875, in 
Westmoreland, Oneida county, New 
York, Mrs. Fannie B. Myers, a widow, 
born September i, 1838. By her first 



marriage Mrs. Myers became the mother 
of a daughter, Margaret King, now the 
wife of George A. Clyde, of Rome, New 
York. Mr. and Mrs. Emery were the par- 
ents of a son, Albert Hamilton, Jr., born 
August 25, 1876, who was prepared for 
college in King's School, Stamford, and 
in 1898 graduated from Cornell Univer- 
sity with the degree of Mechanical Engi- 
neer. Since then he has been associated 
with his father in the latter's scientific 
work. Mr. Emery, Jr., married Julia E. 
McClune, of Ithaca, New York, and they 
have two children, Louise, born October 
7, 1905, and Albert Hamilton (3), born 
December 26, 1910. Mrs. Emery, Sr., 
passed away on April 28, 1907. 

It would seem from a study of his 
career that the predominant trait in the 
character of Albert Hamilton Emery, 
apart from his mechanical genius, has al- 
ways been a perseverance which never 
relaxed its efforts and a courage which 
refused to be daunted by any difficulties 
or disappointments, however great. We 
see this in the narrative of his earlier life, 
which shows how the various inventions 
on which he was then engaged formed a 
basis for the brilliant achievements of his 
later years, and how the obstacles which 
he encountered and the repeated discour- 
agements which it was his lot to endure 
did but stimulate him to renewed and 
larger efforts. In the States of New York, 
Massachusetts and Connecticut, the one 
his birthplace and the scene of his early 
endeavors, and the others for many years 
the centers of his greatest renown, his 
fame is and always will be most inti- 
mately cherished. In a larger sense his 
native land feels that he belongs to her, 
but even by her he cannot be wholly 
claimed. His name will go down in his- 
tory as that of one of the world's in- 
ventors. 



261 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ALLEN, Lauren M., 

Physician. 

A physician who for twenty-seven years 
has practiced successfully, in the same 
community becomes so inseparably asso- 
ciated with its most vital interests as to 
render the narrative of his career almost 
identical with a history of his home town. 
This is especially true of Dr. Allen, whose 
professional reputation, high as it is, is 
almost equalled by that which he enjoys 
as a public-spirited citizen of South Nor- 
walk. 

The name of Allen, or Allin, is derived 
from the British, and is thought to be a 
corruption of Aelianus, which signifies 
sun-bright. It is also said to come from 
the root word Al, meaning mountainous, 
high and bright. In the Gaelic it signifies 
fair, handsome, the word being Aliune, 
and the Irish Alun has the same meaning. 
The English Allan, or Allen, said to have 
been first spelled Alan, means all-con- 
quering. As a personal name it was first 
borne by the Bard of Britain, an uncle of 
Caractacus, who had a long line of kings 
for ancestors. The name came into prom- 
inence after the Conquest, the chief gen- 
eral of William's army at the battle of 
Hastings having been Alan, Duke of 
Brittany, who made England his home 
and became the third richest man in the 
kingdom. Thenceforth the name grew in 
number and importance. 

(I) George Allen, bom in 1568, in Eng- 
land, came to America in 1635 and settled 
in Saugus, Lynn, Massachusetts. In 
1637 he joined with Edmund Freeman 
and others in the purchase of the town- 
ship of Sandwich, and settled there in the 
same year. When the town of Sandwich 
was incorporated he was chosen deputy, 
the first office in the town, and served in 
that capacity for several years. He is rep- 



resented by Bowden as having been an 
anti-Baptist in England, but be that as it 
may, he was a member of the church in 
Sandwich, and Rev. Benjamin Fessenden 
reports both George and Ralph Allen as 
having been previously members of the 
church in Roxbury. George Allen was 
the father of ten sons, some of whom pre- 
ceded him to America and settled near 
Boston. After the purchase of Sandwich, 
most of them with their families moved 
thither, and settled near their father's 
residence. George Allen died in Sand- 
wich. May 2, 1648. In his will, naming 
his wife, Catherine, as executrix, with 
Ralph Allen and Richard Brown as over- 
seers, he named his five sons, Matthew, 
Henry, Samuel, George, Jr., and William ; 
and also made provision for his "five least 
children" without naming them. 

In 1774 the Rev. Joseph Thaxter, of 
Edgartown, Massachusetts, whose wife 
was Mary Allen, a descendant of George 
Allen, obtained from England the de- 
scription of the coat-of-arms borne by the 
Aliens in the old country, which is as fol- 
lows : 

Arms — Sable shield. A cross potent with a 
border engrailed, or. 

Crest — A demi-lion argent, holding a rudder 
gules, hawks and nails or. 

Children of George and Catherine Al- 
len: I. Samuel, went to Braintree; left 
a will. 2. William, married, 1649, Pris- 
cilla Brown, daughter of Peter Brown, of 
the "Mayflower," and a signer of the 
Compact. He had no children. By his 
will, I2th month, 17, 1697, he devised his 
estate to his nephew, Daniel, son of his 
brother, George Allen, Jr., provided he 
maintained his widow Priscilla for her life. 
3. George, Jr., of whom further. 4. Ralph, 
married, 1643, Esther, daughter of Wil- 
liam and Jane Swift, died 1698. 5. Mathew, 
married, June, 1657, Sarah Kirby; re- 



262 




'. ClCl^^^.k:' 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



moved to Dartmouth. 6. Henry, re- 
moved to Milford, 1666, died at Stratford, 
1690. 7. Francis, married, July 20, 1662, 
Mary Barlow, and left six daughters. 8. 
James, died July 25, 1714, at Tisbury. 9. 
Gideon, removed to Milford, Connecticut. 
10. Thomas (probably). 11. Judah, bur- 
ied at Sandwich, February, 1649. 12. 
Caleb, buried at Sandwich, June 27, 1647. 
The sons William, George, Mathew, 
Ralph and Francis, died at Sandwich, 
Massachusetts, and left wills proved and 
recorded. 

(II) George Allen, Jr., son of George 
and Catherine Allen, was born in 1619. 
He is mentioned as liable to bear arms in 
Sandwich in 1643. 

(III) Daniel Allen, son of George Al- 
len, Jr., was born in Sandwich, Massachu- 
setts, in 1663. He and his wife, Beth- 
sheba, were the parents of Gideon. 

(IV) Gideon Allen, son of Daniel and 
Bethsheba Allen, was born in May, 1686, 
and died June 25, 1750. The Sandwich 
records mention the removal of Gideon to 
Milford, and the Milford records give 
Gideon of Milford and later the same 
Gideon as living in Fairfield, and if it 
were not for the early age of Gideon when 
Joseph was born, the line would seem 
clearly established. Children of Gideon 
Allen: Joseph, of whom further; Eben- 
ezer, married, November 12, 173 1, De- 
borah Bennett ; John, married, January 
17, 1750, Abigail Jessup ; David, married, 
October 11, 1739, Sarah Gold. 

(V) Joseph Allen, son of Gideon Allen, 
was born June 25, 1702. He married 
Rachel Bennett, and they were the par- 
ents of: Joseph (2), born February 16, 
1725 ; Hannah, born September 20, 1727 ; 
Rachel, born July 28, 1728; Elnathan, 
•born June 23, 1729; Mary, born August 
24, 1732; Thomas, born July 2, 1733; 
Mary (twin of Thomas) ; John, born June 
16, 1736; Benjamin, of whom further. 



(VI) Benjamin Allen, son of Joseph 
and Rachel (Bennett) Allen, was born 
October 4, 1743, and died March 27, 1827. 
At one time he owned land on the east 
side of the Saugatuck river, extending 
from the sound to Ball Mountain and in- 
land about one mile. He is buried in 
Greens Farms Cemetery, Westport, Con- 
necticut. A sister of Dr. Allen now 
(1921) resides on part of the original Al- 
len estate. Benjamin Allen married 
Rhoda Allen, daughter of John Allen. 

(VII) Delancey Allen, son of Benja- 
min and Rhoda (Allen) Allen, was born 
February 24, 1783, in Westport, died 
there, November 17, 1833, and is buried in 
Greens Farms Cemetery. He married, 
February 10, 1805, Cloe Fillow, daughter 
of Isaac and Adah (Waterbury) Fillow. 
The Pillows descend from John Fillow, 
who came with the French Huguenots 
sometime in the seventeenth century. 

(VIII) Isaac Allen, son of Delancey 
and Cloe (Fillow) Allen, was born Feb- 
ruary 15, 1812, in Westport, where he re- 
ceived his education in the public schools. 
He learned the carpenter's trade, and 
after working for a time as a journeyman, 
went into business for himself as a con- 
tractor and builder. This business he 
conducted successfully until advancing 
years forced him to retire. Mr. Allen 
married, June 21, 1838, Eunice Ann Mur- 
ray, daughter of Seymour and Ann Eliz- 
abeth Seckler (Elsworth) Murray, the 
former practically all his life a master me- 
chanic in the Brooklyn Navy Yard. That 
was in the days of wooden men-of-war. 
The Elsworths were of English descent, 
and the Murrays (MacMurrays) of Scotch 
descent. Mr. and Mrs. Allen were the 
parents of the following children: Ann 
Elizabeth Murray, deceased ; Armenia, 
married Rev. R. S. Putney, of Westport; 
Orlando I., of Westport, now deceased ; 
Emma Louise, who married Theodore 



263 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Allen, of Westport; Isabella, who mar- 
ried Charles Augur, of New Haven ; Lau- 
ren M., mentioned below; and Elmer E., 
of Westport. Isaac Allen and his wife 
were both very active members of the 
Methodist Episcopal church. 

(IX) Lauren M. Allen, son of Isaac 
and Eunice Ann (Murray) Allen, was 
born June 12, 1857, in Westport, and re- 
ceived his preparatory education in the 
public schools of his native town. In 
1880 he received from the College of Phy- 
sicians and Surgeons of New York the 
degree of Doctor of Medicine. After 
serving for a time as an interne in 
Bellevue Hospital, Mr. Allen opened 
an office in Brooklyn, New York, and 
for twelve years practiced in that 
city. In 1893 he moved to South Nor- 
walk, where, in the course of a few 
years, he established himself as one of the 
leading physicians of the community. He 
is a member of the staff of the Norwalk 
Hospital, and also conducts a flourishing 
private practice. The professional organ- 
izations in which he is enrolled include 
the Norwalk Medical Association, the 
County and State Medical societies, and 
the American Medical Association. 

In the business world Dr. Allen is rep- 
resented by his association with the John 
R. Wrigley Paper Box Company, Inc., 
being president of the company. He affil- 
iates with Old Well Lodge, No. 108, Free 
and Accepted Masons; and Butler Chap- 
ter, Royal Arch Masons, both of South 
Norwalk ; also with Clinton Command- 
ery. Knights Templar, of Norwalk ; and 
Pyramid Temple, Nobles of the Mystic 
Shrine, of Bridgeport. 

Dr. Allen married (first) October 8, 
1879, Kate M. Shaffer, daughter of James 
Edward and Mary Eliza (Bennett) Shaf- 
fer, of Brooklyn, and they became the par- 
ents of one daughter : Katherine Charleta, 



now the wife of Carl D. Mexcur, of 
Bloomfield, Connecticut, and mother of 
three children : Anna, Carl, and George. 
Dr. Allen married (second) January 14, 
1918, Helen Becker, daughter of Frank C. 
and Amelia Frances (Grupe) Becker, of 
South Norwalk. Dr. and Mrs. Allen are 
members of the Congregational church. 

The career of Dr. Allen has been fruit- 
ful. He is numbered among the most 
esteemed citizens of his home community, 
and his professional record is rich in re- 
sults of srenuine and enduringf value. 



BELDEN, Charles Denison, 

Broker, Man of Fine Tastes. 

Many thoughts of the past will be 
awakened by the appearance of this name, 
and impressions, so deep that time has 
been powerless to efface them, will glow 
with almost pristine freshness as the 
minds of old friends and former business 
associates revert to events and scenes of 
bygone years. Throughout the long 
period during which Mr. Belden was a 
figure of prominence in the brokerage cir- 
cles of Wall street. New York, he re- 
mained a citizen of Stamford, Connecti- 
cut, ever maintaining an unwavering and 
helpful interest in the advancement of all 
that could minister to the welfare and 
progress of his home community. The 
name of Belden is an extremely ancient 
one, and with the lapse of centuries has 
assumed a great variety of forms. Those 
which have been, at different periods, in 
use in the New England branch, are 
Bayldon, Belden, and Belding. This last 
form is very erroneous and has been 
wholly discarded by certain lines. 

Bayldon Manor was in the Angle king- 
dom of Deira, — hence came the immortal 
youths seen by Saint Gregory at Rome, 
and at the sight of whom he exclaimed, 



264 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



non Angli, sed Angeli! Bayldon has been 
the seat of the family of that name since 
a period prior to the reign of King John, 
and ever since the Norman Conquest it 
has been a chapelry in the West Riding 
of Yorkshire. Bayldon Hall is not far 
away and is still in a good state of preser- 
vation. The fact that it stands on an emi- 
nence seems to render probable the idea 
that the family name may be derived from 
Bael, or Bel, meaning fire, a flame, or the 
sun, and Don, a hill, and that the hill on 
which Bayldon Manor stands may have 
been selected for one of those on which 
sacrificial fires were burned in honor of 
Bael. The fact that high places were 
chosen for these fires seems to render this 
idea more probable than the one which 
assumes that the name signifies merely a 
beacon hill. The family, since our earliest 
knowledge of it, has been distinguished in 
English history. 

Richard Bayldon, founder of the New 
England branch of the race, was bom in 
Yorkshire, England, and in 1635 settled at 
Wethersfield, Connecticut. He died in 
1655, and many of his numerous descend- 
ants have won fame and honor in both 
civil and military life. The Bayldon 
escutcheon, like most others, has varia- 
tions, the form displayed by the descend- 
ants of Richard Bayldon being the fol- 
lowing: 

Arms — A fesse between three fleur-de-lis sable. 
Motto — God my leader. 

It is worthy of note that the motto ap- 
pears to be peculiar to the coat-of-arms 
of the New England branch. 

David Belden, father of Charles Deni- 
son Belden, was bom at East Haddam, 
Connecticut, and in his infancy was de- 
prived, by death, of his father. He was 
taken by his widowed mother to New 
York City, and as he grew to manhood 
entered business life. In partnership with 



his brother-in-law, George Brainerd, he 
conducted a flourishing wholesale gro- 
cery concern, retiring a number of years 
before his death. As a young man Mr. 
Belden was a member of the Militia Regi- 
ment, which was the forerunner of the 
famous Seventh. He married Catherine 
Louisa Brush, whose family record is ap- 
pended to this biography. 

Charles Denison Belden, son of David 
and Catherine Louisa (Brush) Belden, 
was born January 9, 1844, in New York 
City, and received his education in the pri- 
vate school of Clark & Fanning. Inherit- 
ing from his father an inclination for the 
active career of an executant, he early con- 
nected himself with the grocery business. 
It was not long, however, before he was 
drawn, by his taste and aptitude for fi- 
nance, into the arena of Wall street, 
where, as a stock broker, he found full 
scope for his talents. He was a man 
whose word carried weight and as the 
years went on, his fund of experience and 
the honorable success which he had 
achieved caused his advice to be fre- 
quently sought by young men entering 
upon the active work of life, and also by 
older men who found themselves in need 
of counsel in relation to some problem of 
unusual difficulty. A few years before his 
death he retired, being ably succeeded by 
his son. 

As may be supposed, the strenuous life 
of a Wall street broker left Mr. Belden 
little leisure for orders or fraternities. 
His only association of that nature was 
with the New York Society of the Sons 
of the Revolution. In his youth he was 
actively interested in athletics and as he 
grew older, hunting and fishing became 
his favorite recreations. Withal, he was 
a man of literary tastes, spending some of 
his happiest hours in his library. 

Mr. Belden married Sarah R. Allen, 



265 



I 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



whose ancestral record is appended to 
this biography, and they became the par- 
ents of three children : Edith, born April 
26, 1872, wife of Charles W. Palmer, of 
New York City ; Agnes, born February 
ID, 1873, married George D. Arthur, also 
of New York City, and has one child, 
George D. (3) ; and William Allen, born 
June II, 1875, and now, for some years, 
the successor of his father in business. 

About twenty years ago, it being the 
desire of Mrs. Belden to make her sum- 
mer home in Connecticut, she was author- 
ized by her husband to select a site and 
to make all the arrangements necessary 
for the erection of a residence. She fin- 
ally purchased a plot on Wallack's Point, 
in the town of Stamford, one of the most 
beautiful spots on the Connecticut shore, 
and there built a spacious and attractive 
mansion, which reflects a strong indi- 
viduality and a fine sense of proportion. 
One of the most important elements in 
her influence was her love for the natural 
beauties of the place and her care for 
their preservation. In order to save a fine 
tree she had a U-shaped niche built into 
the house, thus giving it room for growth. 
Mr. Belden was a man of exceptionally 
strong domestic attachments, appreciat- 
ing nothing so highly as an atmosphere of 
family affection and fireside happiness. 

It was not, however, in his beautiful 
Connecticut home, that Mr. Belden 
"ceased from earth," but in Montreal, 
Canada, where, on February 12, 1912, he 
passed quietly away. From the old city 
of the North, rich in historic associations, 
the sad tidings came to his beloved Stam- 
ford, bringing to many hearts profound 
sorrow for the loss of one whose daily 
life among them had given an example of 
every private virtue even as his course in 
the turmoil of the world of business had 
been one of undeviating rectitude and 
stainless integrity. 



A career like that of Charles Denison 
Belden is independent of comment. Its 
unadorned record has a simple and con- 
vincing eloquence far transcending the 
language of eulogy. 

(The Brush Line). 

This name, which is another form of 
Broom or Broome, is, perhaps, derived 
from the German brusch, meaning a 
broom. Some claim that it is an angli- 
cized form of Plantagenet (planta genista), 
but it is, more probably, a local designa- 
tion derived from one of the parishes so- 
called in the counties of Norfolk, Suffolk, 
Stafford, Bedford, and Durham. Robert 
de Brus went with William the Con- 
queror to England, where the name of 
his son Robert was changed to Bruce. 
This, some say, was the origin of the 
Brush, Bruse, Bruce and Bush families. 

Branches of the Brush family were 
early transplanted to Massachusetts and 
Long Island, and also to Westchester 
county, New York. Everywhere have the 
members proved themselves worthy citi- 
zens, valuable, in the different walks of 
life, to their respective communities. 

(I) Caleb Brush was bom in West- 
chester county, and was engaged in busi- 
ness on Grove street, New York City. He 
married Eleanor Van Tassel (see Van 
Tassel family), the original of the fas- 
cinating Katrina Van Tassel, the cele- 
brated heroine of the "Legend of Sleepy 
Hollow," perhaps the best known of those 
charming tales from the pen of Wash- 
ington Irving, whose genius has clothed 
with an atmosphere of romance, the banks 
of the Hudson from New York to Albany. 

(II) Joshua, son of Caleb and Eleanor 
(Van Tassel) Brush, was engaged in the 
lumber business. He married Lucretia 
Keesler, of New York City. 

(III) Catherine Louisa, daughter of 
Joshua and Lucretia (Keesler) Brush, be- 



266 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



came the wife of David Belden, as stated 
above. 

(The Van Tassel Family). 

The original form of this name was Van 
Taxel. derived from the designation of the 
place in Holland, which was the native 
home of this heroic race. It is easily seen 
that the correct orthography has only one 
"1" and it is thus that the name is spelled 
by Irving, the historian and eulogist of 
this gallant family. 

The Van Tassels came by marriage into 
possession of Wolfert's Roost, the house 
which was built by Wolfert Ecker, and 
which became, nearly two centuries later, 
the home of Washington Irving, by whom 
the estate was rechristened "Sunnyside." 

At the time of the Revolutionary War 
Wolfert's Roost, or, as it was then called, 
the Van Tassel house, was owned by 
Jacob Van Tassel, a renowned patriot, 
who turned his house into a garrison and 
became the leader of a band of sturdy 
warriors, recruited from the neighboring 
farms, who scoured the countryside by 
day and night, defending it from the Brit- 
ish and from the marauders who followed 
in the tracks of both armies. 

Abraham Van Tassel was the father of 
the immortal Katrina, whose kinswoman, 
Eleanor Van Tassel, became the wife of 
Caleb Brush (see Brush family). 

(The Allen Line). 

This patronymic is derived from the 
personal name Alan, which was common 
in Norman times, and is thought by some 
to signify a hound, or wolf-dog. By 
others it is said to have been introduced 
into England in the Conqueror's time by 
Alan, Earl of Brittany, and to be equiva- 
lent to the Roman yElianus, sun-bright. 

(I) John Allen, who appears to have 
been the founder of the New York branch 
of the Allen family, is thought by some to 



have been born in Holland. If this be 
true, the family was probably Scottish 
and, like the Van Nesses, transplanted a 
branch to Holland in consequence of the 
persecutions of Charles the First. John 
Allen came to New York City and mar- 
ried Sabina Meyers who, as her name in- 
dicates, was of German parentage. Mr. 
Allen died when he was, comparatively, a 
young man. 

(II) Stephen, son of John and Sabina 
(Meyers) Allen, was born July 2, 1767, 
in New York City, and w4s a young child 
at the time of the death of his father. 
Mrs. Allen, however, was a noble woman 
and an ideal mother. She caused the boy 
to be educated in private schools of his 
native city, and throughout his childhood 
and youth was his wise counsellor as well 
as his loving parent. And richly was she 
compensated for her devotion, for her son 
developed into a noble man, filling with 
honor the highest municipal office in the 
gift of his fellow-citizens and leading 
them in all that made for reform and for 
true progress. Mr. Allen was apprenticed 
to the trade of sail-making and at fifteen 
was thrown on his own resources. In 
1787 he formed a partnership with 
Thomas Wilson, a sail-maker and a mem- 
ber of the Society of Friends, and in De- 
cember, 1791, went into business for him- 
self. So well established was his reputa- 
tion for integrity and fairdealing that he 
was popularly known as "Honest -Stephen 
Allen." 

In 1812, Mr. Allen, who was then a 
wealthy merchant, joined a volunteer 
company and lent all the money he could 
spare from his business for the mainte- 
nance of war activities. On being con- 
sulted by a United States naval agent in 
regard to furnishing a supply of duck, he 
sold his whole stock to the government 
upon its own terms. The cessation of 



267 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



hostilities caused the treasury notes with 
which the duck had been paid for to so 
increase in value that he realized a hand- 
some profit. 

In April, 1817, Mr. Allen was elected to 
the Common Council and in March, 182 1, 
he became mayor of New York. He took 
a prominent part in the completion of the 
New York aqueduct. In April, 1824, he 
was appointed commissioner to visit the 
prisons in Auburn and in New York City 
and to report upon conditions and recom- 
mend changes. The result was the sale 
of the old prison in New York, and the 
erection of the State prison at Sing Sing. 

On November i, 1825, Mr. Allen retired 
from business, and in May, 1826, he was 
sent to the New York State Assembly. 
In 1829 he was elected Senator and, as 
such, served as a member of the court for 
the correction of errors. This was the 
first instance in which written opinions 
were given in the court of errors by a lay- 
man. 

In 1833 Mr. Allen was appointed one of 
the water commission for supplying New 
York with pure and wholesome water, 
and served as chairman of the committee. 
In 1840 he was relieved of the office of 
water commissioner by Governor Seward, 
for reasons purely political. Charles 
King said, in the "Memoir of the Croton 
Aqueduct :" "The chairman of the board, 
in particular, Stephen Allen, has left upon 
the work, from its commencement to the 
advanced stage in which he relinquished 
it to his successor, the stamp of his ener- 
getic character and strong, inquiring 
mind." All the public positions filled by 
Mr. Allen were unsolicited. In early life 
he was a Moravian in religious belief, but 
later became a member of the Presbyter- 
ian church. He was officially connected 
with many public institutions of New 
York City, including the Tammany So- 



ciety, the Mechanic and Scientific Institu- 
tion, the New York Hospital and Lunatic 
Asylum and the New York Prison Disci- 
pline Society. 

Mr. Allen married (first) in 1788, 

Marschalk, and (second) in 1807, 

Sarah, daughter of Joseph and Mary 
(Coleridge) Roake. Mr. Roake came 
from one of the Channel Islands and his 
wife was a kinswoman of the author of 
"The Ancient Mariner." The marriage 
was, as seemed fitting, a romantic one, 
the lovers leaving England without the 
knowledge of their respective families and 
finding a home on the other side of the 
sea in the little village of Shrub Oak 
Plains, near Peekskill, New York. On 
July 28, 1852, Mr. Allen passed away, 
"full of years and of honors." It should 
always be remembered that he was the 
first man to propose bringing Croton 
water into the city of New York. So sane 
was he in his judgment and so impartial, 
that many people brought their differ- 
ences to him to arbitrate instead of tak- 
ing them into the courts. He was a 
wealthy man for the time in which he 
lived, and drew his own will. It is on 
record as a test will that could never be 
broken. 

(Ill) William M., son of Stephen and 
Sarah (Roake) Allen, was born in New 
York City, and graduated in the Law 
School of Columbia University, but never 
practised, his ample means enabling him 
to give his time and attention to more 
congenial pursuits. He was a man of 
broad culture, having literary tastes, and 
greatly interested in scientific subjects. 
In the maintenance and improvement of 
the public school system of his native city 
he rendered, for many years, valuable as- 
sistance. A subject in which he took the 
liveliest interest was the wonderful pos- 
sibilities of the microscope. Mr. Allen 



268 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



married Catherine Maria Leggett, whose 
ancestral record is herewith appended. 

(IV) Sarah R., daughter of William M. 
and Catherine Maria (Leggett) Allen, 
was born October 7, 1848, and became the 
wife of Charles Denison Belden, as stated 
above. 

(The Leggett Line). 

This name, which is sometimes spelled 
with only one "t," is derived from the 
Latin legatus, meaning a legate or ambas- 
sador. 

(I) Gabriel Leggett was born in 1635, 
probably in County Essex, England, and 
about 1670-76 came to Westchester 
county. New York. His home was at 
West Farms, and he was a landowner and 
merchant. He married, about 1676, Eliz- 
abeth, daughter of John and Martha Rich- 
ardson, the former, one of the original 
patentees of the Manor of West Farms. 
Gabriel Leggett died at some time prior 
to July, 1700. 

(II) John, eldest son of Gabriel and 
Elizabeth (Richardson) Leggett, married 
Cicily, daughter of Thomas Hunt, who 
was a son-in-law of Edward Jessup. The 
original grant of Hunt's Point was to 
Hunt and Jessup. 

(II) Gabriel (2), youngest child of Ga- 
briel (i) and Elizabeth (Richardson) 
Leggett, was bom in 1697 or '98, at West 
Farms, and in his latter years moved to 
West Patent of North Castle, Westches- 
ter county. He was a landowner and held 
the office of alderman. He married (first) 

Bridget , and (second) in 1765, 

Mary Wiggins, who died before 1781. He 
married (third) in 1782, Sarah Brown, 
and his death occurred at West Farms, in 
April, 1786. 

(III) Thomas, son of Gabriel (2) and 

Bridget ( ) Leggett, was born June 

3. 1 72 1, at West Farms. Prior to the Rev- 
olutionary War he bought a farm at Still- 
water, Saratoga county, New York, where 



most of his children were born. At the 
time of the battle of Saratoga, the dwell- 
ing and outbuildings, which were of logs, 
were within the Hessian redoubt, and at 
the approach of Burgoyne the family 
crossed the river to Easton, Washington 
county. Mr. Leggett married Mary Em- 
bree, who was born in 1723, and he and 
his family were the first of the name to be 
enrolled in the Society of Friends. They 
were founders of a Friends' Society at 
Stillwater. 

(IV) Thomas (2), son of Thomas (i) 
and Mary (Embree) Leggett, was born 
January 17, 1755. and, with his brother 
Isaac, was taken prisoner by the British 
and carried to the camp at Schuylerville, 
but escaped and returned home. Thomas 
Leggett lived in Westchester until 1836, 
when he removed to New York City. He 
married (first) in 1781, Mary, born in 
1762, daughter of Samuel and Rebecca 
Haight, of Flushing, Long Island. He 
married (second) in 1808, Mary Under- 
bill, who died in 1849. Mr. Leggett died 
in New York, October 10, 1843. 

(V) William Haight, son of Thomas 
(2) and Mary (Haight) Leggett. was 
born April 15, 1789, and was a merchant 
in New York City, a man of wealth for his 
day and generation. His home was at 
Rosebank, West Farms. He married, in 
1814, at the Brick Presbyterian Church, 
New York City, Margaret Wright, and 
his death occurred December 22, 1863. 

(VI) Catherine Maria, daughter of 
William Haight and Margaret (Wright) 
Leggett, became the wife of William M. 
Allen (see Allen line). 



WILCOX, Robert Mead, 
Financier. 

As vice-president and cashier of the 
Greenwich National Bank, no other in- 
troduction is necessary, nor would be. 



269 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



even were Mr. Wilcox's official position 
a less conspicuous one, as in any case 
his standing as a citizen would render him 
a "man of mark" in the community. 

(I) Josiah Wilcox, grandfather of Rob- 
ert Mead Wilcox, was a native of Crom- 
well, Connecticut, and removed to Riv- 
ersville, in the town of Greenwich, where 
he established himself as a manufacturer 
of carriages, hardware and tinsmith's 
tools, thus proving himself abundantly 
possessed of the initiative which he inher- 
ited, no doubt, from his New England 
ancestors. 

(II) Willis H. Wilcox, son of Josiah 
Wilcox, was born June 15, 1841, in Riv- 
ersville, Greenwich, Connecticut. He was 
educated in the Berlin, (Connecticut) 
Academy. After working for a time in a 
store in Berlin, he returned home where 
he was employed by his father. At the 
outbreak of the Civil War he enlisted in 
Company I, loth Regiment, Connecticut 
Volunteer Infantry, and was three years 
with the army, receiving a wound while 
in the service. After the war he was asso- 
ciated in business with his father until the 
death of Mr. Wilcox, Sr., when Willis H. 
and his brother George succeeded to the 
ownership of the concern. Prior to the 
father's death the business was conducted 
under the firm name of J. Wilcox & Sons, 
the style being subsequently changed to 
J. Wilcox's Sons. Upon the death of 
George Wilcox, Willis H. Wilcox con- 
tinued the business for a short time. Mr. 
Wilcox was a director in the Greenwich 
National Bank, and president of the 
Greenwich Savings Bank. He was an 
adherent of the Republican party, and 
though never a politician was active as a 
young man in public affairs, occupying a 
seat in the Legislature for two terms, his 
reelection proving how ably and satisfac- 
torily he defended and advanced the 
rights of his constituents. ILe was a 



member of Lombard Post, No. 24, Grand 
Army of the Republic. Mr. Wilcox mar- 
ried Susan C. Mead, daughter of Edward 
and Susan (Merritt) Mead, and they be- 
came the parents of one son: Robert 
Mead, mentioned below. The death of 
Mr. Wilcox occurred September 13, 1916. 
He was a useful and public-spirited citi- 
zen, domestic in his tastes and admirable 
in all the relations of life. 

(Ill) Robert Mead Wilcox, only child 
of Willis H. and Susan C. (Mead) Wil- 
cox, was born October 9, 1873, in Rivers- 
ville, Connecticut. He received his edu- 
cation in the public schools of his native 
town and at the Greenwich Academy. 
He then entered the service of the Fourth 
National Bank, of New York City, be- 
ginning as a messenger, but not remain- 
ing long in that humble position, as those 
who knew him were sure he would not. 
He was then seventeen years old, and as 
time went on he advanced steadily step 
by step, serving practically in every de- 
partment of the bank until August 3, 
1907, when he associated himself with the 
Greenwich National Bank in the capacity 
of assistant cashier. The following year 
he became cashier, and in January, 1917, 
was made vice-president of the institu- 
tion, an office which he still retains in 
conjunction with his former position of 
cashier. At the time of his election as 
vice-president he became a member of the 
board of directors. In the political life of 
his community, Mr. Wilcox has never 
taken an active part, but has always man- 
ifested a helpful interest in whatever he 
deemed calculated to advance the gen- 
eral welfare. He belongs to Lombard 
Camp, Sons of Veterans, and affiliates 
with the Benevolent and Protective Or- 
der of Elks. He is a member of the 
Second Congregational Church, in which 
he holds the office of treasurer. 

Mr. Wilcox married, November 20, 



270 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1901, Tillie A. Mead, daughter of the late 
Alexander Mead, whose biography fol- 
lows this. 

The career of Robert Mead Wilcox has 
been that of an honorable financier and an 
upright citizen. Surely such a record as 
this is independent of comment. 



MEAD, Alexander, 

Leader in Florionltnre. 

No resident of Greenwich needs to be 
told that this was for many years the 
name of one of her most successful busi- 
ness men and respected citizens. Mr. 
Mead was a representative of an ancient 
and honorable family which traces its 
descent from John Mead, one of two 
brothers who came from England about 
1642. The escutcheon of the family is 
as follows : 

Arms — Sable, a chevron between three pelicans 
or, vulned gules. 

Alexander Mead was born May 27, 
1835, in Greenwich, Connecticut. He was 
educated in public schools and at the 
Greenwich Academy. All his life he lived 
on the farm on which he had been reared 
and which he inherited from his father. 
He early showed a strong interest in the 
cultivation of flowers, and established in 
a small way a florist's business, having 
one greenhouse. From its inception the 
venture was successful and the business 
steadily increased. As time went on Mr. 
Mead became one of the leading florists 
of the State, and for many years carried 
on a wholesale as well as a retail busi- 
ness. The growth of Greenwich, in more 
recent years, developed a demand which 
consumed his entire stock of plants and 
flowers. About ten years before his death 
he retired, bequeathing to his son a flour- 
ishing business, with fifteen greenhouses, 
one hundred by twenty-three feet in di- 
mensions. 



Mr. Mead married Matilda Grigg, 
daughter of John Grigg, of Greenwich, 
and they became the parents of a son 
and a daughter: Henry Sanford, who has 
succeeded his father in the business ; and 
Tillie A., who became the wife of Robert 
Mead Wilcox (see Wilcox III). 

The death of Mr. Mead occurred Octo- 
ber 12, 1918. Thrifty, industrious and 
fair-minded in all his dealings, he was 
devoted to his family and to the many and 
exacting responsibilities of his calling. 
He has left a record worthy of the stock 
from which he sprang, and one in which 
his descendants may well take a worthy 
and justifiable pride. 



BOGARDUS, Frank W., 

Iiumber Dealer, Man of Fnblic Spirit. 

From the earliest records of the immi- 
grant settlers who came to this country, 
leaving behind them all the traditions in 
which they had been nurtured, the aim 
and ambition of our forefathers has been 
to establish in the New World a complete 
nation in which each citizen should be a 
king in his own right. This propaganda 
of individual supremacy in private affairs 
has in turn become our tradition, and has 
made us what we are, a nation of men. 
The development of the typically Amer- 
ican city of Stamford, Connecticut, has 
been along these lines, and she stands 
today among the most progressive com- 
munities of the State and Nation. This 
result, so far as Stamford is concerned, 
has been brought about from year to year, 
period to period, down to the present, by 
the diverse yet united efforts of its many 
sterling citizens. Among these is to be 
counted Frank W. Bogardus, who for a 
number of years has been prominently 
identified with the life of the city. Mr. 
Bogardus is a member of a family of 
Dutch origin, which came to America 



271 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



early in the history of the Colony of New 
Amsterdam, the name being one of the 
most prominent in the affairs of the 
youthful settlement. 

The surname Bogardus is derived from 
the Dutch "boomgard," an orchard, sig- 
nifying one who possessed an orchard of 
particular account or who kept an 
orchard. 

(I) The family of Bogardus was 
founded in the New World by Everardus 
Bogardus, universally known as Dominie 
Bogardus, a native of Holland, who sailed 
from that country on the Dutch frigate 
"Zoutberg" in the year 1633, in company 
with the newly appointed governor, 
major-general, director-general, provost 
marshal, and Burgomaster Wouter Van 
Twiller, for what was known as Fort Am- 
sterdam, founded thirteen years before. 
For many years it was thought that he 
was the first minister in the Colony until 
the discovery of Michaelius's letter in 
1858, when it was found that the dominie 
was preceded by the author of that docu- 
ment. His first church, on the present 
north side of Pearl street, between 
Whitehall and Broad, was not at all to 
his liking. He persuaded Governor Van 
Twiller to have a new church built within 
the walls of the fort. Later he obtained 
a parsonage, on the front door of which 
he placed a brass knocker he had brought 
from Holland. It has been said that "the 
outside of his house was the delight of the 
passer-by, while inside he dispensed a 
cordial hospitality." In 1633 he became 
the proprietor of a tobacco plantation on 
Manhattan Island. About a year after 
the arrival of Van Twiller and Bogardus 
a bitter dissension arose between them. 
In the early days of the settlement, when 
there were few educated men there, it was 
one of the "unwritten laws" that the cler- 
gyman should join with the council in 
conference. The leaders in the church 



were in accord with the dominie in this 
matter, but Van Twiller, who was of a 
disputatious mind, sought to curtail the 
privilege. Dominie Bogardus, seeing that 
unprofitable strife would surely develop, 
in 1647 sought and received permission to 
visit his native land. He sailed in the 
brig "Princess," which went down with 
eighty other passengers. 

He married, as is found in an old vol- 
ume dated 1638, the widow, Anneke Web- 
ber Jansen, or Anneke Jans, as she was 
familiarly known. She was the daughter 
of Tryntje Jans, or Tryn Jonas, a pro- 
fessional midwife in the employ of the 
West India Company, for their Colony 
of New Amsterdam. The trained nurse 
of that day was an important factor in 
the community. Her work corresponded 
to that of the trained nurse of the present 
day, only it must be remembered that the 
general level of education and intelligence 
was not nearly so high as it is now. Even 
in that early day the widwife had to be 
examined by a board of physicians before 
she could receive a license. Her pay was 
small and her labors arduous. She mar- 
ried Roeloflf Jansen Van Masterlandt. 
With his wife and child he came in 1630 
as farmer to the Patroon Kilaen Van 
Rensselaer at a salary equivalent to sev- 
enty-two dollars a year. Five or six years 
later he was settled among the dignitaries 
of the colony, having received from Gov- 
ernor Van Twiller a patent for sixty-two 
acres of land. It is this farm about which 
there has been an historic controversy. 
The farm "extended from a line a little 
south of the present Warren street, north- 
westerly about a mile and a half, to what 
is now Christopher street, forming an 
irregular triangle having its base on the 
river, running, however, on Broadway 
only from Warren to Duane street." 

After the death of her second husband, 
Anneke Jans Bogardus had the grant 
272 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



confirmed to herself. Her heirs, upon the 
subsequent capture of the province by the 
British, had the grant confirmed to them- 
selves by the first British Governor, Hon. 
Richard Nicholes, and sold it in 1671 to 
Governor Lovelace. One of the heirs 
failed to sign the conveyance, and this 
fact caused the controversy, his descend- 
ants claiming an interest in the property, 
which finally passed into the possession 
of Trinity Church. 

(II) Cornelis Bogardus, son of Ever- 
ardus and Anneke (Jans) Bogardus, was 
born September 9, 1640. As a young man 
he moved to Albany, New York, and re- 
mained in that city until his death in 1666. 
His "boedel," a personal estate, amounted 
to 2,015 guilders, a large sum for the 
times. He married Helena Teller, daugh- 
ter of William Teller, of Albany. Their 
descendants were those who first laid 
claim to the Trinity Church property. 

(III) Cornelis (2) Bogardus, son of 
Cornelis (i) and Helena (Teller) Bogar- 
dus, was born in Beverwyck or Fort Or- 
ange (Albany), New York, October 13, 
1665. Following his mother's second 
marriage to Jans Hendrickse Van Ball, 
Cornelis (2) Bogardus went to live with 
his uncles, Pieter and Jonas Bogardus, 
children of Dominie Everardus and An- 
neke (Jans) Bogardus. When, several 
years later, Pieter Bogardus moved to 
Kingston, New York, Cornelis (2) Bo- 
gardus accompanied him, and there mar- 
ried Rachel De Witt in 1691. She was a 
daughter of Tjerck Classen, son of 
Nicholas and Taatje De Witt, whose 
home in the Netherlands was in Groot- 
holdt, district of Zunderland, in the south- 
ern part of East Friesland. Tjerck 
Classen De Witt came to America some 
time prior to the year 1656, and is the 
ancestor of the De Witt family in the 
United States. De Witt is one of the 
few Dutch-American names illustrious in 



the Fatherland. Grand Pensioner Jo- 
hannes De Witt administered the govern- 
ment of Holland from 1652 to 1672. He 
and his brother, Cornelis De Witt, also 
prominent in civil and military life in the 
Netherlands, were killed by a mob at The 
Hague, following years of faithful service 
to their country. Tjerck Classen De Witt 
was their kinsman, and a descendant of 
his, Maria De Witt, married Captain 
Tames Clinton, who afterwards became a 
general in the American Revolution, and 
their son, De Witt Clinton, was one of 
the most prominent, energetic and be- 
loved governors of New York State. 

Cornelis (2) Bogardus was the owner 
of a vessel which he employed in the car- 
rying trade along the Hudson river from 
New York to Albany, and possibly to 
more distant points along the coast. In 
1700 he returned to Albany, his birth- 
place, remaining there for a few years. 
He was made a "freeman" of that city, 
and became prominent in its affairs. 
Later on he accompanied Captain Nicho- 
las Evertsen on a raid in the Colonial 
service against a band of French priva- 
teers off the coast. This occurred in 1704. 
He died in the spring of 1718, in King- 
ston, New York. Cornelis (2) and 
Rachel (De Witt) Bogardus were the 
parents of eight children. 

(IV) Cornelis (3) Bogardus, son of 
Cornelis (2) and Rachel (De Witt) Bo- 
gardus, was born in Kingston, New York, 
January 8, 1699, died February 12, 1758. 
He married Catharine Tudor (in Dutch, 
Toeter), daughter of Captain John Tu- 
dor. Shortly after his marriage he moved 
down the Hudson and settled in Fishkill, 
Dutchess county, New York, on land sit- 
uated in the "Rombout Precinct," or 
Patent, the vast estate of 85,000 acres 
belonging to his aunt, "'Madame Brett" 
(Catherine Rombout). He had received 
an unusually fine education for those 



I 



273 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



times, which permitted him to assume a 
position of prominence in the growing 
colony on the east shore of the Hudson, 
and also enabled him to be of great serv- 
ice to Madame Brett, who had become a 
widow and possessed of a family depend- 
ent upon her guidance. It is likely that 
Madame Brett may have urged him to 
settle in Fishkill, realizing that he was a 
man who would be influential in wisely 
conducting her large afifairs in the Pre- 
cinct, and upon whom she could safely 
depend. The records testify that he was 
a surveyor in Fishkill, and it is known 
that he became a man of property, build- 
ing a house in the town, where his de- 
scendants have continued to possess the 
land. Cornelis (3) and Catharine (Tu- 
dor) Bogardus were the parents of twelve 
children. 

(V) Matthew Bogardus, son of Cor- 
nelis (3) and Catharine (Tudor) Bogar- 
dus, was baptized September 10, 1740. 
He married Abigail Ferguson, and among 
their children was Abraham, of whom 
further. 

(VI) Abraham Bogardus, son of Mat- 
thew and Abigail (Ferguson) Bogardus, 
was born January 28, 1771. He married, 
and one of his sons was Samuel, of whom 
further. 

(VII) Samuel Bogardus, son of Abra- 
ham Bogardus, was born January 16, 
1806, and made his home at what is now 
the town of Beacon, New York. He was 
a man of unusual ability and prospered 
greatly in his afifairs, holding nearly all 
of the offices in the gift of the township. 
He engaged in business as a contractor 
and builder on a very large scale for the 
time, and in due course became a large 
and wealthy land owner. Nearly the 
whole of Spy Hill, famous in Revolution- 
ary annals, was at one time in his posses- 
sion. He was also one of the founders of 
the Reformed Dutch church at Fishkill- 



on-the-Hudson, built the old church edi- 
fice, and held a life pew there. Among 
the various ofifices that he filled was that 
of deputy sheriiT, and it was to him, dur- 
ing his long term of office, that the duty of 
protecting the New York Central rail- 
road at the time of the draft riots in the 
Civil War fell. Among his children was 
John S., of whom further. 

(VIII) John S. Bogardus, son of Sam- 
uel Bogardus, was born December 27, 
1828, and died June 14, 1903. His child- 
hood was passed at Fishkill-on-the-Hud- 
son, New York, and it was in the schools 
of the neighborhood that his education 
was obtained. Upon completing his stud- 
ies he was taken by his father into the 
latter's establishment and there learned 
the building and contracting business. 
After serving for a time in various minor 
capacities, he was appointed superinten- 
dent and general manager, and for a num- 
ber of years was in active charge of the 
large building operations carried on by 
the concern. He later repaired to New 
York City to take up the study of archi- 
tecture, and in course of time became a 
member of the American Institute of 
Architects. He then established himself 
in the city of Newburgh, New York, and 
there for a number of years practiced his 
profession and won a wide reputation. 
From Newburgh he returned to New 
York City and built up an extensive prac- 
tice in that place and Yonkers, from 
which place he went to Stamford, Con- 
necticut, in the year 1881. From that 
time until his death, Mr. Bogardus con- 
tinued his practice of architecture in this 
city, adding greatly to his reputation, and 
many of the finest buildings of Stamford 
were erected from his designs, namely, 
a number of schools, and many of the 
handsomest residences here and in the 
outlying districts, as well as several im- 
portant business blocks. 



274 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



John S. Bogardus married Kate Schutt, 
of Fishkill-on-the-Hudson, by whom he 
had a number of children. Three of these 
grew to maturity, as follows : Frank Wal- 
cott, of whom further; J. Howard, a 
sketch of whom follows ; Clarence Elmer, 
a sketch of whom follows. 

(IX) Frank Walcott Bogardus, son of 
John S. and Kate (Schutt) Bogardus, 
was born September 23, 1867, in Mattea- 
wan, Dutchess county, New York. He 
inherited the great practical ability of his 
father, and has gained a position of promi- 
nence in the business world of Stamford, 
Connecticut, to which place he removed 
with his parents at the age of fourteen. 
He began his education in the public 
schools of his native town, but when 
twelve years of age went to Yonkers and 
there attended the high school, graduat- 
ing in 1881. He felt a strong attraction 
to a business career as a youth, and suc- 
ceeded in persuading his parents to allow 
him to forego the higher education they 
had proposed for him. When his parents 
came to Stamford he eagerly commenced 
his business life by securing a position in 
the employ of St. John, Hoyt & Company, 
a well known firm of lumber dealers. His 
employers, recognizing the earnestness of 
the young man, his intelligence and indus- 
try, soon advanced him to the position of 
bookkeeper, and somewhat later he be- 
came cashier. Mr. Bogardus remained 
with the firm for fifteen years and there, 
by constant attention to the details of 
the enterprise, thoroughly learned gen- 
eral business methods and developed 
remarkable executive powers. Of good 
habits and unquenchable ambition for the 
future, Mr. Bogardus denied himself 
many of the luxuries and frivolities which 
make up so large a part of the life of most 
young men, and by dint of devoted and 
indefatigable industry gained a point 
where he could reach out and perma- 



nently better himself. In the year 1888 
the interests of Mr. St. John in the busi- 
ness were purchased by Charles H. Get- 
man, a prominent figure in the lumber 
trade in the region of Oswego, New York, 
from which city he came, at which time 
the name of the firm was changed to 
Hoyt, Getman & Judd, the death of Mr. 
Hoyt removing the last of the original 
members. The name of the firm was 
changed to Getman & Judd. Mr. Bogar- 
dus continued in the employ of the con- 
cern until April, 1897, when he purchased 
an interest in the business and became a 
junior partner, the firm name being 
changed to Getman, Judd & Company, 
and on September 15, 1900, the business 
was incorporated under the name of The 
Getman & Judd Company, of which com- 
pany he was elected secretary and treas- 
urer, holding those offices at the present 
time. From that time to the present he has 
taken an ever-increasing share in the man- 
agement of the enterprise, and has been 
for a number of years a significant factor 
in the business life of the community. In 
addition to his business activities, Mr. 
Bogardus is prominent in club and social 
circles of Stamford ; is a member of the 
Board of Governors ; was at one time 
president of the Suburban Club, and is a 
member of the Stamford Yacht Club of 
the city. He is also a director of the 
First-Stamford National Bank, the Morris 
Plan Bank, the King School, Inc., and of 
the St. John Wood Working Company. 
In religious belief he and his family are 
Episcopalians and attend St. Andrew's 
Church of that denomination in Stamford. 
He has taken an active part in the affairs 
of the parish and holds the office of ves- 
tryman. 

Frank W. Bogardus married, January 
5, 1893, Eloise A. WaterDury, a daughter 
of Samuel C. Waterbury, and a descend- 
ant of one of the founders of the city. 



275 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



They are the parents of two sons : Frank 
Walcott, Jr., born September i, 1904, and 
John Cornelius, born July 28, 1908. 

Mr. Bogardus is one of those genial, 
whole-souled men for whom everyone in- 
stinctively feels the warmest friendship, 
a friendship that is confirmed and made 
permanent by the sterling qualities of 
loyalty and sincerity which he consis- 
tently displays. He is a man of public 
spirit, and is always to be found in the 
forefront of all movements for public im- 
provement which make for the true prog- 
ress and betterment of the community. 
He has served the city as a member of 
the Board of Appropriation and Appor- 
tionment, in which capacity his knowl- 
edge of practical affairs has been of the 
greatest service. On September 15, 1900, 
the Connecticut Lumber Dealers' Asso- 
ciation was incorporated, of which organ- 
ization he was at one time president. 



BOGARDUS, J. Howard, 

Financier, Pnblic-Spirited Citixen. 

J. Howard Bogardus, banker, was born 
in Fishkill-on-the-Hudson, April 8, 1874, 
son of John S. and Kate (Schutt) Bogar- 
dus (q. v.). The genealogy of the Bo- 
gardus family appears in the preceding 
sketch. 

The early education of J. Howard Bo- 
gardus was obtained under his mother's 
tuition, and after attending the Stamford 
High School he completed a course in 
Merrill's Business College. His active 
business life began as a clerk in the Stam- 
ford Savings Bank. Ambitious to suc- 
ceed, and conscientious in the perform- 
ance of his duty, he made the most 
of every opportunity to broaden and 
strengthen his knowledge of banking, not 
only by close attention to the transactions 
that came daily within his vision, but by 
much reading and study. When the posi- 



tion of secretary and treasurer of the bank 
became vacant, Mr. Bogardus was found 
well equipped to meet the responsibilities 
of the position, to which he was elected in 
July, 191 1, and which he has ever since 
filled. He is a member of the board of 
directors of the bank, a member of the 
Savings Bank Association of Connecticut, 
and his ambitions are so well esteemed by 
his business associates that for several 
years he has served as a member of the 
association's executive committee, and for 
one year as its chairman. Mr. Bogardus 
is a member of the Henry J. Evans Pro- 
tective Committee of the Chicago & East- 
ern Illinois Railroad. 

Mr. Bogardus is a member of the Sub- 
urban Club, and was for years a member 
of the Young Men's Christian Associa- 
tion, of Stamford. For some years in its 
earl}^ days he was a member of the Stam- 
ford Yacht Club and one of its nominat- 
ing committee. In more recent years he 
has found his greatest pleasure and relax- 
ation within the family circle. It is sel- 
dom that bankers take an active part in 
politics, and Mr. Bogardus is not an ex- 
ception to this rule, although he neglects 
no opportunity to fulfill every repsonsi- 
bility that devolves upon the patriotic and 
public-spirited citizen. During the World 
War he served as a member of the Lib- 
erty Loan Committee on every "drive" in 
Stamford. He was treasurer for two 
years of the Stamford Children's Home, 
and during that time was a member of its 
board of trustees. Mr. Bogardus is a mem- 
ber of St. Andrew's Episcopal Church, of 
which he has been a vestryman for many 
years, was treasurer of the church, and at 
the present time treasurer of the Sunday 
school. Mrs. Bogardus is a member of 
St. John's Episcopal Church. 

Mr. Bogardus married, February 15, 
1908, Kate Noble, daughter of James and 



276 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Anna Elizabeth (Daniel) Noble. They 
are the parents of one child, Catherine, 
born December 14, 191 1. 

(The Noble Line). 

The Noble family of which Mrs. Bo- 
gardus is a member is the largest of the 
name in the United States, and it was 
founded by Thomas Noble, who was born 
about 1632, probably in England, and died 
in Westfield, Massachusetts, January 20, 
1704. His exact origin and early history 
are involved in obscurity, but he was in 
America, without doubt, in 1653. He was 
admitted an inhabitant of Boston, Janu- 
ary 5, 1653 (Drake's "History of Boston," 
P^ge 331), and in the same year moved to 
Springfield, Massachusetts. In 1664, in 
connection with several of his townsmen, 
he was granted liberty to erect a saw mill 
on the west side of the Connecticut. He 
was constable of Westfield in 1674, and 
county surveyor in 1696. The needs of a 
large family and financial difficulties trou- 
bled him in his earlier years, but in later 
life he became prosperous and a well re- 
garded member of the community. He 
married, November i, 1660, Hannah War- 
riner, born in Springfield, Massachusetts, 
August 17, 1643, only daughter of Wil- 
liam and Joanna (Scant) Warriner. Their 
children were : John, Hannah, Thomas, 
Matthew, of whom further ; Mark. Eliza- 
beth, Luke, James, Mary, Rebecca. 

(II) Matthew Noble, son of Thomas 
and Hannah (Warriner) Noble, was born 
about 1668, and died about 1744. He put 
himself under the watch of Westfield 
Church, August 19, 1694, and with his 
wife joined same, November 3, 1728, 
after their removal to Sheffield. He died 
intestate. He married, December 10, 
1690, Hannah Dewey, born February 21, 
1672, daughter of Thomas and Constant 
(Hawes) Dewey. Children: Joseph, of 
whom further; Hezekiah, Matthew, Solo- 



mon, Elisha, Obadiah, Hannah, Hester, 
Rhoda and Rhoda (2). 

(HI) Joseph Noble, son of Matthew 
and Hannah (Dewey) Noble, was born 
in Westfield, Massachusetts, October 8, 
1691, and died in Great Barrington, Mas- 
sachusetts, February 12, 1758. He moved 
to that part of Sheffield that is now Great 
Barrington as early as 1727, and was 
one of the building committee appointed 
March 8, 1742, in charge of the construc- 
tion of the first meeting house in Great 
Barrington. He joined the Great Bar- 
rington Congregational Church, March 3, 
1745. He died intestate, and administra- 
tion on his estate was granted to his eld- 
est son, Joseph, the widow declining the 
trust, March 24, 1758. Joseph Noble mar- 
ried Abigail Dewey, born November 17, 
1694. Children: Joseph (2), of whom 
further ; Eli, Preserved, Mary, Margaret, 
Abigail, and Lydia. 

(IV) Joseph (2) Noble, son of Joseph 
(i) and Abigail (Dewey) Noble, was 
born in Westfield, Massachusetts, Sep- 
tember 22, 1718, and died in Sheffield, 
Massachusetts, March 10, 1771. He re- 
sided in Sheffield, and died at the home of 
his son Roger. The monument erected 
over his remains in the Noble family 
graveyard in Sheffield bears this inscrip- 
tion: "In memory of the body of Mr. 
Joseph Noble who died March the 10, 
1771, in the 53d year of his age." He 
married Thankful Dodd, and their chil- 
dren were : Rhoda, James, Roger, of 
whom further ; Cornelius, Submit, Si- 
lence, Ann, Stephen, and Cornelius (2), 

(V) Roger Noble, son of Joseph (2) 
and Thankful (Dodd) Noble, was born in 
Sheffield, Massachusetts, April 2, 1742, 
and died in Pownal, Vermont, September 
15, 1810. During one of the French and 
Indian wars, his father having been 
drafted to march from Sheffield to the 



277 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Canadian line, Roger volunteered to go in 
his place. The march was attended by 
great suffering on the part of the troops, 
and Roger Noble was accustomed to 
mend the shoes of the soldiers, many of 
whom walked with bare feet exposed to 
the frozen ground. Given leave from this 
expedition to visit friends, he started for 
home in the company of six white men 
and two friendly Indians. Early in the 
journey the Indians stole all of the pro- 
visions and fled, and Roger Noble and his 
associates endured great hardship before 
they reached a habitation. In the Revolu- 
tion he was in the battle of Bunker Hill, 
and afterwards used to say that as he 
heard the bullets whistling over his head 
he felt some fear, which soon vanished. 
He served during most of the war, and 
was known as a man of courage. He 
marched in Lieutenant J. Hickock's com- 
pany and Colonel John Ashley's regiment 
to Kingsbury, and was out twenty-two 
days. His trade was that of shoemaker, 
but he left that calling for mercantile 
dealings, in which he engaged first in 
Sheffield, Massachusetts, and afterwards 
in Hudson, New York. He also owned 
at Great Barrington a store in partnership 
with Captain Bacon. This was supposed 
to have been burned by Shay's men, and 
Rose and Ely, just before their execution, 
confessed that they had plundered and 
burned it. Roger Noble moved, about 
1791, to Hudson, New York, and thence, 
1794, to Pownal, Vermont. He married, 
about 1772, Olive Hunt, born June 4, 
1753, daughter of Daniel Hunt; she died 
September 9, 1815. Children: Ormon, 
James, Olive, Erastus, of whom further; 
Esther, William, Cynthia, Cynthia (2), 
Julia, Robert, Polly, and Betsey. 

(VI) Erastus Noble, son of Roger and 
Olive (Hunt) Noble, was born in Shef- 
field, Massachusetts, October 6, 1778, and 



died in Williamstown, Massachusetts, 
August 6, 1823. He was a blacksmith by 
trade, and resided in Pownal, Vermont, 
until about 1807, when he moved to Wil- 
liamstown, Massachusetts. He married 
Ruth Kinney, born in Williamstown, July 
14, 1782, daughter of Jethro Kinney. She 
died in Williamstown, September 11, 
1870. Children : James, Sarah K., Charles 
W., Robert, of whom further; Adaline, 
Harriet, Marietta, Ruth Ann, Elizabeth 
Jane. 

(VII) Robert Noble, son of Erastus 
and Ruth (Kinney) Noble, was born in 
Pownal, Vermont, January 28, 1806. He 
was a blacksmith of Williamstown, Mas- 
sachusetts. He married, July 28. 1836, 
Elizabeth Brownell Chamberlain, bom 
in Williamstown, Massachusetts, Janu- 
ary 28, 1816, daughter of Emery and 
Mary (Brownell) Chamberlain. Children: 
Charles S., Robert R., James, of whom 
further; Mary Ellsworth, and Sarah 
Gray. 

(VIII) James Noble, son of Robert 
and Elizabeth B. (Chamberlain) Noble, 
was born December 8, 1842. He enlisted, 
in June, 1864, in the Twenty-third New 
York Independent Battery, afterwards 
transferred to the Eighth New York 
Heavy Artillery, and was present at the 
taking of Richmond. He married, Octo- 
ber 30, 1873, Anna Elizabeth Daniel, born 
in New York, March 4, 1850, daughter of 
James and Kate (Drumgold) Daniel. 
Their daughter Kate became the wife of 
J. Howard Bogardus. 



BOGARDUS, Clarence Elmer, 
Business Man. 

Clarence E. Borgardus was born in 
Fishkill-on-the-Hudson, New York, De- 
cember 27, 1875, son of John S. and Kate 
(Schutt) Bogardus (q. v.). He was a 



2-78 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



boy of six years of age when his parents 
moved to Stamford, Connecticut, and 
there he was reared, obtaining his educa- 
tion in the grammar and high schools, 
and completed a course in Merrill's Busi- 
ness College. His business experience 
began in a local bank, and after a short 
period in this employ he became asso- 
ciated with the Getman & Judd Company, 
this relation continuing to the present 
time. For a number of years Mr. Bogar- 
dus has been in charge of the accounting 
department of this firm, and fills an im- 
portant, responsible place in their per- 
sonnel and business. He is a member of 
St. Andrew's Episcopal Church, where he 
was for several years a choir boy. He is 
a man of domestic tastes, entirely ab- 
sorbed in his home and his business, and 
bears his full share of civic responsibility, 
his influence and support extended to 
every movement of progress and improve- 
ment in his community. 

Mr. Bogardus married, June 6, 1908, 
Ada Irene Scofield, daughter of Samuel 
Ferris and Frances Elizabeth (Hoyt) 
Scofield (q. v.). Mrs. Bogardus is a com- 
municant of the Congregational church. 



HARSTROM, Carl Axel, 

Head of Important School. 

On the shores of Long Island Sound, in 
the city of Norwalk, Connecticut, yet 
with country surroundings, is situated the 
Harstrom School. There, in addition to 
the general curriculum of preparatory 
schools, the youth is taught the lesson 
and importance of life. Dr. Carl A. Har- 
strom, the founder and principal of this 
school, is not satisfied to merely increase 
the young man's store of information, but 
also seeks to develop his character. He 
teaches the gospel of action, the signifi- 
cance of existence, and aids those in his 



charge to appreciate the duty and glory 
of doing their part to help and benefit the 
generation in which they live. 

Dr. Harstrom was born December 20, 
1863, in Westeras, Sweden, son of Carl 
Gustaf and Emelia (Fosberg) Harstrom, 
and grandson of Eric Emanuel Harstrom. 
The latter was superintendent of a steel 
mill, and lived to an advanced age in 
Gefle, Sweden. 

Carl Gustaf Harstrom, father of Dr. 
Harstrom, was born in Gefle, Sweden, 
and died February 13, 1905. He received 
the equivalent of our high school educa- 
tion, and learned the trade of watch- 
maker. In 1874 he came to America and 
located in Brooklyn, New York, and 
thence removed to Peekskill. He was a 
skilled inventor and patented many in- 
ventions, among other things a watch 
case spring and a drilling machine, and 
altogether had something like fifteen or 
twenty patents. In 1890 he established 
himself in business and had a manufac- 
tory in Peekskill, where he remained dur- 
ing his lifetime. All of his patents were 
taken out in America. Fraternally, Mr. 
Harstrom was a member of Dunderberg 
Lodge, Ancient Order of United Work- 
men, and was master of this lodge. He 
married Emelia Fosberg, born in Wes- 
teras, the daughter of a sea captain who 
was lost at sea, and Dr. Harstrom was 
their only child. After coming to Amer- 
ica the family were members of the Epis- 
copal church. 

Dr. Harstrom attended the public 
schools of Sweden until he was about ten 
years of age, and in this country attended 
the Peekskill Military Academy and Ho- 
bart College. He was graduated from the 
latter institution in 1886 with the degree 
of B. A., and in 1889 received his M. A. 
degree from this same college. In 1899 
Dr. Harstrom received the degree of 
279 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Ph. D. from Yale University for post- politics he is a Republican, and has sev- 



graduate work in Latin and Greek. The 
same year the Harstrom School was 
established in Norwalk ; prior to this time 
Dr. Harstrom had conducted a private 
day school in Norwalk. 

The Harstrom School offers an excep- 
tional opportunity to those whose college 
preparations have been delayed, and 
nearly a thousand boys have received 
their training here. These boys are from 
many of the leading families throughout 
the country. Competent and experienced 
men compose the faculty, men who are 
specialists in their departments, and it is 
a noteworthy fact that four of the six 
instructors have been associated with the 
school for seventeen or more years. Ex- 
perience has shown the faculty of Dr. 
Harstrom's school that Arithmetic and 
English are the two studies which require 
special attention and emphasis is laid on 
these two courses of study. There are 
two prizes offered annually, one for 
scholarship and the other for general ex- 
cellence, the former being awarded to the 
boy having the highest scholarship stand- 
ing, and the latter to the boy who has 
made the best general impression as a 
boy of sterling worth. 

The school has received many tributes, 
but one which conveys the real senti- 
ment of the school was from one of the 
prominent patrons, as follows : 

You got my boy into Yale without a condition, 
but the best thing you taught him was self- 
reliance, and we shall never cease to be grateful. 

The present school averages about 
thirty pupils, and special attention is 
given to individual instruction. 

It would seem that the management of 
the details connected with his school 
would leave Dr. Harstrom no leisure for 
outside interests, yet he is one of the most 
public-spirited citizens of his city. In 



eral times been honored with public office. 
Under the old city charter he served as a 
member of the Board of Estimate. In 
1915, Dr. Harstrom was elected mayor of 
Norwalk and served two years. During 
his term of office he reconstructed the fi- 
nancial system, putting it on such a basis 
that every citizen could know where the 
taxpayers' money went to. Many miles 
of hard pavement were laid during Dr. 
Harstrom's term of office. Credit is also 
due to him for the introduction of voting 
machines in Norwalk. During the World 
War he was chairman of the local draft 
board. He is a corporator of the Norwalk 
Savings Bank and of the Fairfield County 
Savings Bank. 

Fraternally, Dr. Harstrom is a member 
of many organizations : St. John's Lodge, 
No. 6, Free and Accepted Masons, of 
which he is senior warden ; Phi Beta 
Kappa; and Theta Delta Chi. For five 
consecutive years Dr. Harstrom was pres- 
ident of the Grand Lodge of T. D. C, two 
years longer than any other man ever 
held the office. His clubs are the Nor- 
walk Club ; Norwalk Country Club ; 
Craftsmen's Club ; and Yale Club of New 
York. Dr. Harstrom and his family are 
members of Grace Episcopal Church, of 
which he is senior warden. He has been 
a delegate to many conventions, and ac- 
tive in church work ; he is a member of 
the American Philological Association. 

There is perhaps no other man in Nor- 
walk who has been in such demand for 
public and after dinner speaking as Dr. 
Harstrom. With an easy flow of beauti- 
ful English, interspersed with shafts of 
wit, sharp but never poisonous. Dr. Har- 
strom is apropos always, a genial, whole- 
souled man-loving personality. 

Dr. Harstrom married Lee Selden Part- 
ridge, daughter of Samuel Selden and 
Frances Augusta (Bellamy) Partridge. 



280 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Dr. and Mrs. Harstrom are the parents 
of two children: i. Frances, who was 
educated in Europe. 2. Carl Eric, who 
graduated from Yale in 1915 with the de- 
gree of Bachelor of Arts; he is now 
engaged in the advertising business in 
New York City, and resides in Norwalk; 
he married Emily Ives, of Danbury, Con- 
necticut. 

(The Partridge Line). 

Samuel Selden Partridge, father of Lee 
Selden (Partridge) Harstrom, was bom 
at Brockport, New York, January 9, 1839, 
and died at Phelps, New York, December 
22, 1913. He was a graduate of the Col- 
lege of the City of New York, in the class 
of 1857, taking up the study of law. He 
engaged in the practice of his profession 
with his great-uncle. Judge Samuel Lee 
Selden, in Rochester, New York, and 
later was in Phelps, New York. In poli- 
tics he was a Republican, and was several 
times honored with public office. Mr. 
Partridge was a soldier in the Civil War, 
taking part in many battles, among them 
that of Bull Run. He held the rank of 
brevet major, and was a member of the 
Thirteenth New York State Volunteers. 
During one of the engagements Mr. Part- 
ridge was wounded in the leg, which 
caused him to drag one foot for many 
years ; he was also confined in Libby 
Prison for some tim