(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Encyclopedia of Massachusetts, biographical--genealogical;"



NYPL RESEARCH LIBRARIES 



3 3433 08253666 9 








UBLIC LIBRARY: 








7 




Bttyrlnpeta of Massachusetts 



Biographical Genealogical 



Compiled with Assistance of the Following 



ADVISORY COMMITTEE 



WILLIAM RICHARD CUTTER 

Former Librarian of Woburn Public Library; 
Historian of New England Historic-Genea- 
logical Society; Author of "History of Arling- 
ton," "Bibliography of Woburn," "History of 
the Cutter Family," etc. 

EUGENE C. GARDNER 

Member of American Institute of Architecture, 
etc.; Author of "Homes and How to Make 
Them," and other popular works; Lecturer, 
and frequent contributor to leading magazines 
and newspapers. 

HARLAN HOGE BALLARD, A. M. 

Librarian of Berkshire Athenaeum and Mu- 
seum; Secretary of Berkshire Historical Soci- 
ety: Author of "-Three Kingdoms;" "World of 
Matter;" "Translation into English, Hexameters 
of Virgil's Aeneid;" Joint Author "American 
Plant Book;" "Barnes 1 Readers;" "One Thou- 
sand Blunders in English." 

REV. JOHN H. LOCKWOOD, A. M. 

Member of Connecticut Valley Historical Soci- 
ety, and Western Hampden Historical Society; 
Author of "History of the Town of Westfleld, 
Mass." 



HON. ELLERY BICKNELL CRANE 

Charter Member, ex-President and for fifteen 
years Librarian of Worcester Society of Antiq- 
uity, and Editor of its Proceedings; Author of 
"Rawson Family Memorial," "The Crane Fam- 
ily," in two volumes, "History of 15th Regi- 
ment in the Revolution," and Compiler of a 
Number of Genealogies of the Prominent Fam- 
ilies of Massachusetts. Member of the New 
England Historic-Genealogical and other His- 
torical Societies. 

CHARLES FRENCH READ 

Clerk and Treasurer of Bostonian Society; 
Director of Brookline Historical Society; Sec- 
ond Vice-President of Mass. Soc. S. A. R.; 
Chairman Membership Com. Mass. Soc. Colo- 
nial Wars; Member Board of Managers, Mass. 
Soc., War of 1812; Treasurer of Read Soc. for 
Genealogical Research. 

ROBERT SAMUEL RANTOUL 

Ex-President of Essex Institute; Member of 
Massachusetts Historical Society; ex-Repre- 
pentative and ex-Mayor of Salem. 

E. ALDEN DYER, M. D. 

President of Old Bridgewater Historical Soci- 
ety; President of Dyer Family Association. 



V 9 * T 



ILLUSTRATED 



:> J J 1 ) J ' )'} * ' > ' 

\ ,\ ,' ', .' J > I , > J 



NEW YORK 



19.16 

THE AMERICAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY (Inc.) 

BOSTON 
Re. 



CHICAGO 



364882 \ 

-.ATi^NS 
R -8 L 




Both justice and decency require that we should bestow on our forefathers 

an honorable remembrance Thucydides 




.< <, ,1 < 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



BRACKETT, John Q. A., 

Former Governor. 

John Quincy Adams Brackett, former 
Governor of Massachusetts, was born at 
Bradford, New Hampshire, June 8, 1842, 
son of Ambrose S. and Nancy (Brown) 
Brackett. He began his education in the 
common schools of his native village, 
graduated from Colby (New Hampshire) 
Academy in 1861, entered Harvard Col- 
lege, and graduated with the class of 
1865, with highest honors, and as class 
orator. He subsequently graduated from 
Harvard Law School, was admitted to 
the bar, and entered upon practice in 1868. 

He early attracted attention as a virile 
speaker before Republican assemblages, 
and became a leader in the young men's 
movement of the party, presiding at the 
initial meeting in Faneuil Hall in 1877. 
He also took a lively interest in the Mer- 
cantile Library Association of Boston, 
and was its president in 1871 and again in 
1882. In 1884 he was made judge advo- 
cate upon the staff of General I. S. Bur- 
rell, commanding the First Brigade of the 
State militia, and served as such until 
the militia was reorganized in 1876. From 
1873 to ^76 he was a member of the 
common council of Boston, of which he 
was made president by unanimous vote 
in the latter year, when he was elected to 
the Massachusetts House of Representa- 
tives, in which he served continuously 
until 1881, and again from 1884 to 1886. 
At various times he was chairman of 
some of the most important committees 
on taxation, labor, retrenchment, probate 
and chancery, public lands and harbors, 
judiciary, and of the special committee 
on the revision of the statutes. Perhaps 



his most beneficial work was his procure- 
ment of the law for the establishment of 
cooperative banks, an important and far- 
reaching enactment. In 1885, as the 
unanimous choice of the Republican cau- 
cus, he was elected speaker of the house, 
and he was reflected the following year. 
In this position he acquitted himself 
most creditably during a very trying 
four-day period of filibustering on the 
metropolitan police bill. In 1886 he was 
elected Lieutenant-Governor, and was re- 
elected with increased majorities in the 
two following years. In 1889 ne was 
elected Governor to succeed Oliver Ames, 
and advocated various salutary reforms, 
many of which were enacted into law, 
among them being the abolition of the 
contract system of labor in prisons, and 
certain accompanying benefits to the 
prisoners; the relief of the industrial and 
business elements from undue taxation, 
through the medium of taxation of leg- 
acies ; the free text book system for 
schools; the rigid enforcement of the 
liquor laws ; legislation for the protection 
of both employers and employed ; and for 
the protection of railroad brakemen from 
certain dangers. The national encamp- 
ment of the Grand Army of the Republic 
being held in Boston during his guberna- 
torial term, he procured a legislative ap- 
propriation of $50,000 to aid in a proper 
recognition of the event, occurring, as it 
did, upon the quarter-century anniversary 
of the surrender of General Lee at Appo- 
mattox, and providing for the participa- 
tion of the Governor and Council and a 
special committee of the Legislature. In 
1892 Governor Brackett was a delegate- 
at-large to the Republican National Con- 
vention, and a member of its committee 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

on resolutions ; was chairman of the Mas- of his leisure to the study of chemistry. 

sachusetts electoral college in 1896; and While in Vienna, in 1865, he received 

in 1896 and 1900 was a presidential elec- from the Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 

tor-at-large. nology, then in course of organization 

Governor Brackett is a member of the under the direction of Professor W. B. 

Boston Art Club, the Arlington Boat Rogers, the offer of the chair of analyti- 

Club, the Unitarian Club of Arlington, cal chemistry, which he accepted. After 

and the Middlesex Club, of which he was holding the chair until 1868, he again 

president from 1893 to 1901. He married visited Europe, studying in France dur- 

Angie M. Peck, of Arlington, Massachu- ing most of his vacation of fourteen 

setts. months. Upon his return to America he 

_ was elected president of Harvard Univer- 



ELIOT Charles W sity, to succeed President Hill, who had 

resigned in 1868, and was duly inducted 

Educator, Litterateur. ,.,. . . , TT . 

to the office in the spring of 1869. His 

Charles William Eliot, twenty-second administration during the years that have 

president of Harvard College, was born passed has been one of extraordinary 

in Boston, Massachusetts, March 20, 1834, brilliancy and the university has enjoyed 

only son of Samuel Atkins Eliot, mayor a prosperity heretofore unknown. The 

of Boston, Massachusetts, representative fame of the institution has become thor- 

in the United States Congress, 1850-51, oughly national, and the name of its illus- 

and treasurer of Harvard College from trious president is known and honored 

1842 to 1853. Through his mother's throughout the civilized world. "The 

family he is allied to the Lyman family, light first kindled by the munificence of 

which has held a distinguished position Harvard has spread onward to our own 

in New England history. time, illuminating the course of our 

Charles W. Eliot was prepared for col- fathers, and concentrating a brighter ra- 

lege at the Boston Public Latin School, diance on the paths of the children." 

entered Harvard in the class of 1853, and Mr. Eliot's accession marked an epoch 

was graduated with high honors. In in the history of the Harvard University. 

1854 he was appointed tutor in mathe- The chief aim of the faculty and govern- 

matics, and while filling the position he ing boards had been to perfect it as a 

continued the study of chemistry in the college of the normal New England type ; 

laboratory of Professor Cooke. In 1857 the elective system had been introduced 

he delivered a course of lectures in chem- reluctantly for the latter half of the aca- 

istry at the Medical School in Boston, demic course ; and the established cur- 

In 1858 he was made Assistant Professor riculum had admitted only side-paths 

of Mathematics and Chemistry, the grade closely parallel with the main track. Mr. 

of assistant professor being then first Eliot's determination from the first was 

created. In 1861 he was placed in charge to build upon the ancient foundation a 

of the chemical department of the Law- veritable university, open to real learners 

rence Scientific School. In 1863 he spent of every sort, and of every grade above 

two years in visiting the public institu- that of schoolboys. The system which 

tions of France, Germany, and England, may be called his is at once strict and 

making himself acquainted with their broad, imperative in its requirements, yet 

organization, plans of study, and govern- beyond all precedent liberal in the exten- 

ment, and at the same time devoted much sion of its privileges. No student can re- 

4 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ceive a degree in the academical depart- 
ment without having passed a thorough 
examination in a prescribed number of 
carefully planned courses ; but the candi- 
date for an academic degree has an un- 
restricted range of choice among courses, 
comprising every department that can be 
regarded as belonging to a liberal educa- 
tion. At the same time, special courses 
may be pursued apart from the regular 
classes by all persons who are able to 
avail themselves of them. A more health- 
ful system of discipline has been intro- 
duced, petty details of conduct are no 
longer subjected to rigid rule, and while 
there is less tolerance than ever before 
for disorder and immorality, large classes 
of college offenses have ceased to exist 
because no longer prohibited. These 
changes have so far met the demands of 
the outside public that from the time that 
Mr. Eliot commenced his work of refor- 
mation, while the number of undergradu- 
ates has been much more than doubled, 
there has been a perpetual inflow of funds 
from private benefactions into the col- 
lege treasury, so that more new buildings 
have been erected than were built in the 
whole of the previous century, many old 
foundations have been increased, and 
several new endowments created. 

As a writer, Mr. Eliot has been known 
chiefly by educational reports, essays and 
addresses, which have the merit of con- 
cise and vigorous statement, of reasoning 
based whenever possible on admitted 
facts, of directness of aim, and of close 
adaptation to the specific end in view. 
On other occasions and subjects he shows 
himself master of a style pure, clear and 
strong, of easy and graceful flow, and 
indicative of conversance with the best 
models of classical English, a style dis- 
tinctively his own, but enriched and col- 
ored by large and generous culture. As 
a speaker he has none of the arts but a 
rare wealth of the best gifts of the prac- 



ticed orator, always commanding close 
attention, and impressing not himself, 
but his thoughts, arguments, and feel- 
ings, forcibly upon his hearers. In pri- 
vate and social life he has the entire re- 
spect and confidence of all who know 
him, and the affectionate regard of all 
who enjoy his friendship and intimacy. 

Dr. Eliot has been president emeritus 
of Harvard since 1909. He has received 
the LL. D. degree from Williams, Prince- 
ton, Yale, Johns Hopkins, Tulane Uni- 
versity, the University of Missouri, Dart- 
mouth, Harvard ; and that of Ph. D. from 
Breslau University, Germany ; and has re- 
ceived the following foreign decorations : 
Officier Legion d' Honneur (France), Im- 
perial Order of the Rising Sun, first class 
(Japan), Royal Prussian Order of the 
Crown, and Grand Officer of the Crown 
of Italy. He is a corresponding member 
of the Academy of Moral and Political 
Sciences of the Institute de France ; fellow 
of the American Academy of Arts and 
Sciences ; member of the Massachusetts 
Historical Society, the American Philo- 
sophical Society, and of the General Edu- 
cation Board ; and honorary president of 
the National Conservation Association. 
In addition to his monographs on scien- 
tific and educational topics, he has writ- 
ten several brochures : "The Happy Life," 
"Four American Leaders," and ''The 
Durable Satisfactions of Life." He mar- 
ried (first) Ellen Derby Peabody, of Bos- 
ton, who died in 1869; and (second) 
Grace Mellen Hopkinson, of Cambridge, 
Massachusetts. 



OLNEY, Richard, 

Lawyer, Cabinet Official. 

Richard Olney was born in Oxford 
Worcester county, Massachusetts, Sep- 
tember 15, 1835, son of Wilson and Eliza 
(Butler) Olney. His original American 
ancestor was Thomas Olney, who emi- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

grated from St. Albans, Hertfordshire, as the basis of a compromise, by oppos- 
England, in 1635, an< ^ settled at Salem, ing counsel, who recognize the futility of 
Massachusetts. From thence in 1637 he appearing in court with a certainty of 
accompanied Roger Williams in his exile defeat. Moreover, his indefatigable in- 
to Rhode Island, and in course of time dustry in the preparation of a case is 
his descendants formed one of the most always evidenced in an accumulation of 
important families in the State. One of facts, and a careful marshaling of evi- 
his descendants was Richard Olney( 1 770- dence, which enable him to keep the 
1841), who removed to Worcester county, whole case within easy reach. In recent 
Massachusetts, in 1811, and became years, Mr. Olney has carried on exten- 
prominent as a merchant and cotton sive practice as counsel for the Chicago', 
manufacturer. His eldest son was Wil- Burlington & Quincy, the Boston & 
Ham Olney (1802-74), a successful mer- Maine, Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe, 
chant and banker, who married Eliza L. and other large railroads, and other cor- 
Butler, of Oxford, daughter of Peter But- porations, and he is one of the best 
ler and granddaughter of James Butler, known authorities on all points of corpo- 
James Butler's wife was Mary Sigourney, ration law. He has repeatedly been so- 
great-granddaughter of Andrew Sigour- licited to accept a judgeship in the Su- 
ney, a Huguenot, who fled from France preme Court of Massachusetts, and has 
on the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, as invariably declined, preferring practice 
and settled in Oxford in 1687. at the bar. In 1874 he was a member of 
Richard Olney received his preliminary the Massachusetts House of Representa- 
education at Leicester (Massachusetts) tives. In 1893 ne was offered the port- 
Academy, and graduated with high honors folio of Attorney-General in the cabinet 
from Brown University in 18^6. He be- of President Cleveland, and after much 
gan legal studies at the Harvard Law serious deliberation accepted it. In this 
School, where he was recognized as a exalted position he amply justified his 
student of unusual acumen and industry, brilliant record as a practicing attorney, 
and was graduated in 1858. Admitted to and in the various important issues which 
the bar of Suffolk county, he entered the arose during his tenure of office he made 
office of Judge Benjamin F. Thomas, with many important restatements of points in 
whom for twenty years the relations were dispute in Federal jurisprudence. He 
exceedingly close, owing to their sympa- counselled the action of President Cleve- 
thy and congeniality of mind, and which land in calling out the Federal troops in 
produced striking results in the prepara- July, 1894, to resist the riotous demon- 
tion and presentation of their joint cases, strations at Chicago of the American 
Mr. Olney adopted as specialties the law Railway Union in its attempted boycott 
of wills and estates and the law of corpo- of the Pullman Car Company, on the 
rations ; and, possessed of clearness of ground that, under the provisions of the 
perception and soundness of judgment, interestate commerce and other laws, the 
coupled with a profound knowledge of national government must protect the 
legal principles, he was soon recognized mails and must prevent interference with 
as one of the best equipped lawyers at the general railroad transportation of the 
the bar of Boston. His grasp of all the country. In March, 1895, he successfully 
aspects of a case was so exhaustive that defended that action in an argument be- 
his ultimatum has repeatedly been taken fore the Supreme Court in the habeas 

6 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



corpus proceedings brought in behalf of 
Eugene Debs, who had been convicted of 
inciting the strikers to disorderly acts. In 
November, 1894, he made a notable argu- 
ment upon the legality and propriety of 
labor organizations in a case before the 
Circuit Court of the United States, Dis- 
trict of Pennsylvania, which he presented 
as "suggestions as ainicus curiae by ex- 
press leave of the court," and in which 
he took the ground that labor organiza- 
tions are of the utmost value to both 
capital and labor in the adjustment of 
their disputes. Upon the death of Walter 
Q. Gresham, Mr. Olney succeeded him 
as Secretary of State, appointed by Presi- 
dent Cleveland, and took the oath of 
office June 10, 1895. Mr. Olney's admin- 
istration of this important office was char- 
acterized by a wise moderation in all 
important moves, although by a vigorous 
policy of activity when the right time had 
arrived, as was brilliantly exemplified 
in the Venezuelan imbroglio. He was 
tendered the ambassadorship to Great 
Britain by President Wilson, but declined. 
Mr. Olney is an extensive reader, and 
possesses the happy faculty of digesting 
and turning all things read to practical 
account. He is possessed of a vigorous 
constitution, which permits a high ten- 
sion of activity and produces the best 
results. He is a fellow of Brown Uni- 
versity, a member of the Massachusetts 
Historical Society and of the American 
Philosophical Society, and a regent of 
the Smithsonian Institution. He received 
the honorary degree of LL. D. from Har- 
vard University in 1893, from Brown Uni- 
versity in 1894, and from Yale University 
in 1901. 

He was married, in 1861. to Agnes 
Park, daughter of Judge Benjamin F. 
Thomas, of Boston. They have two 
daughter, both married. 



MILES, Nelson A., 

Distinguished Soldier. 

Lieutenant-General Nelson Appleton 
Miles was born at Westminster, Massa- 
chusetts, August 8, 1839, son of Daniel 
and Mary (Curtis) Miles. His earliest 
American ancestor was Rev. John Miles, 
a Baptist minister and educator, who emi- 
grated from Wales in 1662 and settled at 
Swansea, Massachusetts; he served in 
King Philip's War. 

Nelson A. Miles was reared on his 
father's farm, and received a district 
school and academic education. At the 
age of seventeen he went to Boston, and 
took a position in a crockery store. He 
had studied military science at the school 
of Colonel Salignac, a French officer, and 
at the outbreak of the Civil War he 
recruited a company and volunteered for 
service. In September, 1861, he was ap- 
pointed a captain in the Twenty-second 
Massachusetts Regiment, but was con- 
sidered too young for such responsibility, 
and he accepted a lieutenant's commis- 
sion. On May 31, 1862, he was com- 
missioned by Governor Morgan lieuten- 
ant-colonel of the Sixty-first New York 
Regiment ; was promoted to colonel, Sep- 
tember 30, 1862; was made a brigadier- 
general, May 12, 1864, an d major-general, 
October 21, 1865, in the volunteer estab- 
lishment. He became colonel of the 
Fortieth LTnited States Infantry, July 28, 
1866; was transferred to the Fifth In- 
fantry, March 15, 1869; promoted to 
brigadier-general in the regular army, 
December 15, 1880, and to major-general, 
April 5, 1890. He saw severe active serv- 
ice during the seven days' fighting on the 
Virginia Peninsula and before Richmond 
in the summer of 1862, and was severely 
wounded at Fair Oaks. During the period 
between the battle of Fair Oaks and the 
change of base to Harrison's Landing, 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Miles acted as adjutant-general to the 
First Brigade, First Division, Second 
Corps; but at Fredericksburg he led his 
regiment, the Sixty-first New York. In 
the battle of Chancellorsville he was so 
severely wounded that he was not ex- 
pected to recover, and was brevetted 
brigadier-general "for gallant and meri- 
torious services" in that engagement; and 
August 25, 1864, was brevetted major- 
general "for highly meritorious and dis- 
tinguished conduct throughout the cam- 
paign, and particularly for gallantry and 
valuable services in the battle of Ream's 
Station, Virginia." He fought in all the 
battles of the Army of the Potomac, with 
one exception, up to the surrender of Lee 
at Appomattox Court House, Virginia. 

After the war General Miles, in com- 
mand of his regiment, was engaged 
against the Indians, and defeated the 
Cheyennes and Comanches on the Staked 
Plains in 1875, an d in 1876 broke up the 
hostile Sioux and other tribes in Mon- 
tana. His successes on the plains were so 
conspicuous that General Miles became 
known as the "Indian fighter." He drove 
the celebrated chief Sitting Bull across 
the Canadian frontiers, and dispersed ex- 
tensive bands led by Crazy Horse, Lame 
Deer, Spotted Eagle, Broad Trail, and 
other chiefs well-known in the far west. 
In June, 1876, General Custer's party was 
defeated and massacred on Little Big 
Horn river, an event which was followed 
by the prompt and decisive campaigns of 
General Miles. In September, 1877, an 
outbreak of the Nez Perces Indians under 
Chief Joseph was met by Miles and 
speedily overcome, and in 1878 he cap- 
tured a party of Bannocks near Yellow- 
stone Park. His most difficult campaign 
was that against the fierce Apache chief 
Geronimo, head of the most bloodthirsty 
and cruel tribe of Indians in North Amer- 
ica. After various Indian depredations 
and raids, General Sheridan sent out an 



expedition under General George Crook, 
in 1886, but it was unsuccessful, and Gen- 
eral Crook asked to be relieved, when 
General Miles succeeded him with the 
result that after one of the longest and 
most exhausting campaigns known to 
Indian warfare, the Apaches were forced 
to yield, Miles and his troopers giving 
them not an hour of rest. The entire 
band was captured, and Geronimo and 
his principal followers were sent to Fort 
Pickens, Florida. Following these suc- 
cesses, General Miles received the thanks 
of the legislatures of Kansas, Montana. 
New Mexico and Arizona, and on No- 
vember 8, 1887, the citizens of Arizona 
presented him, at Tucson, with a sword 
of honor. In 1890-91 General Miles sup- 
pressed a fresh outbreak of Sioux and 
Cheyennes. In 1894, under orders from 
President Cleveland, he commanded the 
United States troops sent to Chicago to 
suppress the rioting incident to the rail- 
road strike, which difficult duty he ac- 
complished with the celerity and com- 
pleteness which always characterized his 
conduct. General Miles commanded the 
Department of the Columbia, 1880-85 > 
from July, 1885, to April, 1886, the De- 
partment of the Missouri; in April, 1886, 
was assigned to the command of the De- 
partment of Arizona, and in 1888 he was 
given command of the Division of the 
Pacific. General Miles represented the 
United States at the jubilee celebration 
of Queen Victoria in London, and also 
visited the seat of war between Turkey 
and Greece. On his return he published 
a volume on "Military Europe," having 
previously given to the public a volume 
of "Personal Recollections" (1897). 

On the retirement of General Schofield, 
in 1895, General Miles became corn- 
man der-in-chief of the United States 
army. On April 9, 1898, war with Spain 
being imminent, he recommended the 
equipment of fifty thousand volunteers, 



8 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and on April I5th recommended that an 
additional force of forty thousand be 
provided for the protection of coasts and 
as a reserve. In a letter to the Secretary 
of War, April i8th, he asserted his belief 
that the surrender of the Spanish army 
in Cuba could be secured "without any 
great sacrifice of life," but deprecated the 
sending of troops thither in the sickly 
season to cope with an acclimated army. 
War having been proclaimed, on April 
26th, he addressed a letter to Secretary 
Alger, declaring that the volunteer troops 
called into service ought to be in camp in 
their respective States for sixty days ap- 
proximately in order to be thoroughly 
equipped, drilled and organized. When 
information came that Cervera's fleet was 
closed up in the harbor of Santiago, and 
General Shafter was ordered to take his 
troops to the assistance of the navy in 
capturing the fleet and harbor, General 
Miles, then at Tampa, expressed to the 
Secretary of War his desire to go with 
this army corps or to immediately organ- 
ize another and go with it to join this and 
capture position No. 2 (Porto Rico). On 
the following day he was asked by tele- 
gram how soon he could have an expe- 
ditionary force ready to go to Porto Rico, 
large enough to take and hold the island 
without the force under General Shafter, 
and replied "within ten days." On June 
24th he submitted a plan of campaign for 
Cuba ; on the 26th was ordered to organ- 
ize an expedition against the enemy in 
Cuba and Porto Rico, to be composed of 
the united forces of Generals Brooke and 
Shafter, and to command the same in per- 
son. He was not sent to Cuba, however, 
until two weeks later, arriving opposite 
Santiago with reinforcements for Shafter 
on July nth, at the time Sampson's fleet 
was bombarding the Spanish position. 
After conferences with Sampson and 
Shafter, the troops were disembarked ; on 
the I3th General Miles, with Generals Gil- 



more, Shafter, Wheeler and others, held a 
conference between the lines with Gen- 
eral Toral. The Spanish commander, was 
notified that he must surrender or take 
the consequences, and on the same day 
Secretary of War telegraphed General 
Miles "to accept surrender, order an as- 
sault, or withhold the same." On the 
morning of July I4th, General Toral sur- 
rendered to General Miles. General Miles 
authorized General Shafter to appoint 
commissioners to draw up articles of ca- 
pitulation and instructed him to isolate 
the troops to keep them free from infec- 
tion by yellow fever. On the same day 
Secretary Alger advised General Miles to 
return to Washington as soon as matters 
at Santiago were settled, and go to Porto 
Rico with an expedition that was being 
fitted out; but after some delay Miles 
obtained permission to proceed from 
Cuba. On July 2ist he sailed from Guan- 
tanamo with an effective force of little 
more than three thousand men, while the 
Spanish regulars and volunteers in Porto 
Rico aggregated seventeen thousand. 
Proceeding to Guanica, near Ponce, there, 
on the 25th, troops were landed ; Ponce 
surrendered to General Miles without re- 
sistance on the 27th, and the soldiers 
were received with enthusiasm by the 
citizens. A proclamation by General 
Miles, issued on the following day, as- 
sured the inhabitants of Porto Rico that 
the American forces came not to devas- 
tate or oppress, but to give them free- 
dom from Spanish rule and the blessings 
of the liberal institutions of the United 
States government. Town after town was 
occupied, as the army proceeded north- 
ward. General Brooke with his command 
arrived on August 3d to aid in occupying 
the island. On the 25th General Miles 
was instructed to send home all troops 
not actually needed, and soon after he 
returned to Washington, where he has 
resided to the present time. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



General Miles was married, in 1868, to 
Mary, daughter of Judge Sherman, of 
Ohio. They have one son and one daugh- 
ter. 



LODGE, Henry Cabot, 

Statesman, Author. 

Henry Cabot Lodge was born in Bos- 
ton, Massachusetts, May 12, 1850, son of 
John Ellerton and Anna (Cabot) Lodge, 
grandson of Giles (born in England 
came to America, 1772) and Mary (Lang- 
don) Lodge, and of Henry and Anna 
Sophia (Blake) Cabot, and a descendant 
of John Cabot, who emigrated from Jer- 
sey and settled in Salem, Massachusetts, 
about 1675. 

Henry Cabot Lodge was prepared for 
college at the schools of Thomas Russell 
Sullivan and Epes Sargent Dixwell, in 
Boston, and then entered Harvard Col- 
lege, from which he was graduated A. B. 
in 1871. About a month after graduation 
he sailed for Europe, spending over a 
year in travel ; returned to the United 
States in 1872, and then entered Harvard 
Law School, where he was graduated 
LL. B. in 1874. In the same year he 
became assistant editor of the "North 
American Review," and so continued until 
November, 1876. He was admitted to 
practice at the Boston bar, April, 1875, 
and to the Suffolk bar in 1876. In 1875 
he was appointed lecturer in Harvard 
College on the history of the American 
Colonies, and continued giving instruc- 
tion in this branch and in the history of 
the United States for three years and in 
1880 was lecturer in the Lowell Institute, 
Boston. From March, 1879, to 1882, in 
association with John T. Morse, Jr., he 
was editor of the "International Review," 
of Boston. He was elected on the Repub- 
lican ticket member for the Tenth Dis- 
trict to the Massachusetts House of Rep- 
resentatives in November, 1879, and was 



reflected in 1880, serving with credit on 
the committees on bills in third reading, 
on judiciary, and the joint special com- 
mittee on public service. In 1880 he was 
chosen a member of the Republican State 
Central Committee from the First Essex 
District, being made chairman of its fi- 
nance committee. In the same year he 
was a delegate to the Republican Na- 
tional Convention at Chicago, also serv- 
ing as secretary of the State delegation. 
In 1881 he was Republican candidate for 
the State Senate from the First Essex 
District, and was defeated by but 150 
votes out of 5,000 votes cast. Meanwhile, 
as chairman of the Republican State Cen- 
tral Committee, he was instrumental in 
defeating General Benjamin F. Butler 
when he was a candidate for reelection 
as Governor in 1883. He was delegate- 
at-large to the Republican National Con- 
vention in 1884, and in the following fall 
was nominated for Congress from the 
Sixth District. Although defeated in this 
election, he was again the nominee in 
1886, and was elected by nearly 1,000 
plurality. He served through the Fiftieth, 
Fifty-first and Fifty-second Congresses, 
1887-93, an d resigned his seat in the latter 
named year upon his election to the 
United States Senate as successor to 
Henry L. Dawes, whose term expired 
March 3, 1893. During his congressional 
career he was a member of several im- 
portant committees notably, on elections, 
naval affairs, and election of President, 
Vice-President and representatives. He 
made several able speeches on the floor 
of the House upon tariff, financial and 
election laws, and as chairman of the elec- 
tion committee prepared and presented 
the "force bill" in the Fifty-first Congress 
a measure for securing an honest vote 
at Federal elections. His career in the 
Senate was signalized by such important 
services as speeches on the tariff, the 
navy, and foreign relations ; and the advo- 



10 



THi f""' YORK 
PUBLIC LIBRARY. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



cacy of the bill to restrict immigration; 
and he also served on the foreign rela- 
tions, civil service expenditures, and im- 
migration committees, being chairman of 
the latter. He was reflected to the Sen- 
ate in 1899 without a dissenting voice 
from the 150 Republican legislators, his 
second term to expire March 3, 1905 ; and 
was reflected in 1905, and 1911, the last 
term of service to expire March 3, 1917. 
He was a delegate to the Republican Na- 
tional Conventions of 1884, 1888, 1892, 
1896 and 1900, and permanent chairman 
of the latter, which met in Philadelphia ; 
chairman of the committee on resolutions 
of the Republican National Convention 
of 1904 at Chicago, and placed Thomas 
B. Reed in nomination for the presi- 
dency ; permanent chairman of the Re- 
publican National Convention of 1908 at 
Chicago; is a member of the Commission 
on Alaskan Boundary, appointed by 
President Roosevelt, and yet serving; 
and was a member of the United States 
Immigration Commission in 1907. He 
was a regent of the Smithsonian Institu- 
tion during service in the House of Rep- 
resentatives, and appointed regent again 
in 1905. He was strongly urged for the 
Republican nomination for President by 
Colonel Roosevelt and others in 1916. 

Senator Lodge is a man of many-sided 
genius, excelling as a statesman, orator, 
and far-sighted political executive, and 
also in the wider domain of letters and 
scholarship. He has been one of the best 
known and most frequent contributors to 
periodical literature, principally on sub- 
jects political and historical. His earliest 
published monograph, "Land Law of the 
Anglo-Saxons," since included in a work 
on "Anglo-Saxon Law," won him the 
degree of Ph. D. from Harvard College 
in 1876, and established his reputation as 
a historical authority and legal analyst. 
In 1877 appeared his "Life and Letters of 



Hon. George Cabot ;" followed by "Short 
History of the English Colonies in Amer- 
ica" (1881); "Life of Alexander Hamil- 
ton" (1882); "Life of Daniel Webster" 
(1883); "Studies in History" (1886); 
"Life of Washington," two vols. (1889); 
all in the "American Statesman" series; 
"History of Boston" (Historic Towns 
series, 1891); "Historical and Political 
Essays" (1892); "Speeches" (1895); 
"Hero Tales from American History," 
with Theodore Roosevelt (1895); "Cer- 
tain Accepted Heroes, and Other Essays 
in Literature and Politics ;" "Story of the 
Revolution" (two vols.); "Story of the 
Spanish War;" "A Fighting Frigate;" 
"A Frontier Town;" "Early Memories;" 
"One Hundred Years of Peace;" "The 
Story of the American Revolution ;" "Cer- 
tain Accepted Heroes ;" and "The Democ- 
racy of the Constitution." He edited 
"Ballads and Lyrics" and "The Complete 
Works of Alexander Hamilton" (nine 
vols.). 

Senator Lodge was elected a member of 
the Massachusetts and Virginia Histor- 
ical societies ; the American Academy of 
Arts and Sciences ; the American Anti- 
quarian Society ; the American Institute 
of Arts and Letters ; and the New Eng- 
land Historic-Genealogical Society. In 
1877 he was appointed vice-president and 
commissioner for Massachusetts of the 
commission that superintended the cele- 
bration of the framing of the United 
States Constitution. He was elected an 
overseer of Harvard University in 1884, 
and received the degree of Doctor of 
Laws from Williams College, Clark Uni- 
versity, Yale University, Harvard Uni- 
versity, and Amherst College. 

Senator Lodge married, June 29, 1871, 
Anna Cabot Mills, daughter of Rear- 
Admiral Charles H. Davis, United States 
Navy, a resident of Cambridge, Massa- 
chusetts, and they were the parents of 



ii 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

three children, among whom was George ment, and entered the city of Richmond 
Cabot Lodge, who was appointed an act- at its head. The war being over, he re- 
ing ensign in the United States Navy, signed, August i, 1865, having received 
April 23, 1898, and assigned to the cruiser the brevet of brigadier-general of volun- 
"Dixie," commanded by his uncle, Cap- teers for distinguished gallantry and effi- 
tain Charles H. Davis. cienc y at the battles of Secessionville, 
South Mountain and Antietam, and for 

meritorious services during the war. 

ADAMS, Charles Francis, ,-. . . . ... , 

On returning to civil life, General 

Publicist, Author. Adams became identified with railway 

Charles Francis Adams, a publicist and interests. In 1869 he was appointed a 

author of more than national reputation, member of the Massachusetts Board of 

was born in Boston, Massachusetts, May Railway Commissioners, and served as 

2 7. l &35> son f Charles Francis and such, under successive reappointments, 

Abigail Brown (Brooks) Adams. His for ten years, being chairman of the board 

father was the distinguished diplomatist for seven years. From 1879 to ^84 he 

of the same name. was a member of the board of arbitration 

He was graduated from Harvard Col- of the Trunk Line railroad organization, 

lege with the class of 1856, and then stud- and served as either chairman of the 

ied law in the Boston office of Richard board or as sole arbitrator. He repre- 

H. Dana, Jr., and was admitted to the sented the government as a member of 

bar in 1858. He was busied with his pro- the board of directors of the Union Pacific 

fession until the breaking out of the Civil Railway Company, from 1877 to June, 

War, when he entered the army, in which 1884, in which year he was made presi- 

he served until the restoration of peace, dent of the corporation, and served as 

having made a most creditable record, such until 1890. In 1892 he was appointed 

Early in 1861 he was commissioned first a member of the advisory commission 

lieutenant in the First Regiment Massa- which planned the metropolitan park sys- 

chusetts Cavalry, being subsequently pro- tem of Massachusetts, and served as its 

moted to the rank of captain. His service chairman, and the following year was 

was principally in the Army of the Poto- appointed on the permanent commission 

mac, in Virginia, and he commanded a which carried that system into effect, and 

squadron throughout the Gettysburg served as chairman until 1895, when he 

campaign, and in General Grant's oper- resigned. He was chosen to the board 

ation against Richmond in 1864. On Sep- of overseers of Harvard College in 1882, 

tember i, 1864, he was honorably must- serving until 1894, and being reelected in 

ered out to accept commission as lieuten- the following year. He became a member 

ant-colonel of the Fifth Massachusetts of the Massachusetts Historical Society in 

Cavalry Regiment (colored), and was on 1875, was vice-president in 1890, and presi- 

duty at Point Lookout, Maryland, until dent in 1895. He was also a fellow of the 

January, 1865, when he went home on American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 

sick leave. While there he was offered and a member of the American Philo- 

appointment on the staff of Major- sophical Society, and of numerous scien- 

General A. A. Humphreys, commanding tific, patriotic and literary bodies. In 

the Second Army Corps, but declined, 1895 he received the degree of LL. D. 

was promoted to the colonelcy of his regi- from Harvard University, and in 1909 

12 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

from Princeton University. He has con- most creditable. At the battle of Ball's 
tributed largely to the leading magazines Bluff, Virginia, he was wounded in the 
and reviews. In 1871, in collaboration breast ; and in the splendid but ineffectual 
with his brother, Henry Adams, he pub- assault upon Marye's Heights, at Peters- 
lished "Chapters on Erie, and Other burg, Virginia, he was wounded in the 
Essays." In the same year he published foot. He served as aide on the staff of 
"Railroads : Their Origin and Problems," General Horatio G. Wright, and was pro- 
and in 1879 "Notes on Railroad Acci- moted to the rank of captain, being must- 
dents." In 1874 he turned his attention ered out as such July 17, 1864, at the ex- 
principally to the investigation of subjects piration of his term of service. On leav- 
connected with New England history, ing the army he entered the Harvard Law 
preparing from time to time numerous School, from which he was graduated 
addresses, essays and miscellaneous with the Bachelor of Laws degree in 
papers. His further volumes were : 1866. He was admitted to the bar of 
"Three Episodes of Massachusetts His- Massachusetts the following year, and 
tory," "Life of Charles Francis Adams" subsequently to the bar of the United 
(his father), "Richard Henry Dana, a States Supreme Court. He was first 
Biography," "A College Fetich," "Lee at associated in practice with his brother, 
Appomattox," etc. He delivered at var- Edward J. Holmes, and from 1873 to 
ious times three Phi Beta Kappa ad- 1882 was a member of the law firm of 
dresses. Shattuck, Holmes & Munroe. Meantime 
He married, November 8, 1865, Mary he had been called to instructional duties 
Hone Ogden, daughter of Edward and at the Harvard Law School, serving as 
Caroline Callender Ogden, of Newport, instructor in constitutional law, 1870-71 ; 
Rhode Island. and from 1870 to 1873 was editor of the 
"American Law Review," to which he 

TT/^T H/TT^O /-M- made various contributions. In 1880 he 

HOLMES, Oliver W., , .. , , , ... 

delivered a course of lectures before the 

Jurist * Lowell Institute, on "The Common 

Oliver Wendell Holmes, Associate Jus- Law." In 1882 he was called to a chair 

tice of the Supreme Court of the United in the Harvard Law School, but was al- 

States, was born in Boston, Massachu- most immediately an Associate Justice of 

setts, March 8, 1841, son of Dr. Oliver the Supreme Court of Massachusetts, and 

Wendell Holmes, the distinguished phy- served as such until August 2, 1899, when 

sician, professional instructor and author, he was advanced to the Chief Justiceship, 

He was prepared for college at the to succeed W. A. Field, deceased. In 

Dixwell school in Boston, and entered 1902 President Roosevelt appointed him 

Harvard College, being graduated there- an Associate Justice of the Supreme 

from in 1861, while serving as a volunteer Court of the United States, to succeed 

in the Fourth Infantry Battalion at Fort Justice Horace Gray, resigned. 

Independence, at the outbreak of the As a jurist, Justice Holmes has not 

War for the Union. He then enlisted in contented himself with simply following 

the Twentieth Regiment Massachusetts precedents and rules, but has broadly dis- 

Volunteers, with which he served in the criminated with relation to the history of 

Army of the Potomac for a full term of precedent cases, and thorough analysis of 

three years. His military record was their relation to the case in hand. In the 

13 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



broadest sense a scholar and critic, he has 
made various valuable contributions to 
professional literature. His opinions 
handed down from the Supreme Court of 
Massachusetts appear in forty-five vol- 
umes of the "Reports," and are marked 
with a degree of literary ability peculiar- 
ly his own, occasionally adorned with a 
humor which never descends below the 
proper dignity. He also edited "Kent's 
Commentaries," and his work is recog- 
nized as the American standard of that 
famous production. In iSSi he published 
his "Common Law," an expansion of his 
lectures upon that subject, delivered be- 
fore the Lowell Institute. A number of 
his speeches have also been put into print. 
He is a member of the Massachusetts 
Historical Society. He receive the de- 
gree of LL. D. from Yale College in 1886, 
and from Harvard University in 1895. 

He married, June 16, 1872, Fanny, 
daughter of Epes S. Dixwell, of Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts. 



CHOATE, Joseph H., 

Diplomatist, Orator. 

Joseph Hodges Choate was born in 
Salem, Massachusetts, January 24, 1832, 
son of George and Margaret Manning 
(Hodges) Choate. His father was a skill- 
ed physician, a graduate of Harvard, and 
a member of the General Court. The 
family dates from early Colonial times, 
and numbers many members of great dis- 
tinction, including the famous Rufus 
Choate. 

Joseph Hodges Choate graduated from 
Harvard College in his twentieth year, 
fourth in his class, in which his elder 
brother, William Gardiner Choate, was 
first. He graduated from the Harvard 
Law School two years later, read law for 
a time with Leverett Saltonstall in Bos- 
ton, and entered upon practice in 1855, 



but the same year located in New York 
City. After a brief association with the 
firm of Scudder & Carter, Mr. Choate 
presented to William M. Evarts a letter 
of introduction from Rufus Choate, his 
father's cousin, and this brought him 
into service in the offices of Butler, 
Evarts & Southmayd. Later he became 
a member of the firm of Choate & Barnes, 
which subsequently became Evarts, 
Southmayd & Choate, and Evarts, 
Choate & Beaman. During his long pro- 
fessional career Mr. Choate has probably 
been unrivalled, and he has conducted 
many of the most notable cases against 
the most accomplished lawyers of the 
country. A few of these may be noted 
the case in which he successfully estab- 
lished the genuineness of the famous Ces- 
nola Cypriote antiquities in the Metro- 
politan Museum of Art ; the Credit 
Mobilier litigation ; the liability of Rus- 
sell Sage for damages, when sued by one 
who claimed he had been used as a shield 
by Mr. Sage at the time of the dynamite 
explosion in the latter's office ; various 
cases involving the Standard Oil and 
Tobacco trusts ; and many important will 
cases Tilden, Vanderbilt, Stewart, Cru- 
ger, Drake, Hoyt and others. He was 
successful before the Inter-State Com- 
merce Commission in securing material 
reductions in railroad freight rates on 
milk for the New York market. In the 
United States Supreme Court defended 
Neagle, who shot Judge Terry, of Cali- 
fornia, in defense of Justice Field ; saved 
the Leland Stanford University from im- 
poverishment under an attempt of the 
government to collect millions of dollars 
from the estate of the donor; the Bell 
Telephone case ; the Behring Sea case, 
in which he represented the Canadian 
government ; the Pullman Palace Car 
Company case, involving millions of dol- 
lars ; the alcohol-in-the-arts case, involv- 






',S 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ing immense sums. In constitutional law 
Mr. Choate has been largely engaged and 
with brilliant success, in a large series of 
cases, too numerous to here recapitulate, 
but especially notable among which was 
the anti-trust law of Texas, and which as 
a result has been substantially enacted in 
a majority of the States of the Union. In 
1879 n ' s a id was potent in successfully 
defending General Fitz-John Porter be- 
fore the commission appointed by Presi- 
dent Hayes to inquire into the justice of 
the court-martial which unranked that 
officer for unmilitary conduct during the 
Civil War, and brought about his restor- 
ation. He was a moving spirit in the 
committee of seventy which in 1871 broke 
up the notorious Tweed ring. In his pro- 
fession it has habitually been said of him 
that he has been more sought after to rep- 
resent important interests and argue test 
cases, than perhaps any other lawyer in 
America ; and that the feeling is current 
that a case placed in his hands is as nearly 
certain of success as is at all possible. 

Mr. Choate was among the organizers 
of the Republican party in 1856, and vig- 
orously supported its first presidential 
candidate, John C. Fremont, on the 
stump, and he has similarly given his aid 
to the Republican candidate in every 
presidential campaign since. In 1894 he 
was president of the New York State 
Constitutional Convention. He never 
stood as a candidate for office but once, in 
1895, when he allowed his name to be 
used for the position of United States 
Senator, as a protest against machine 
methods. Notable as a public speaker, 
among his fine oratorical efforts are to be 
named his address on Abraham Lincoln ; 
that on the occasion of the unveiling of 
the Farragut statue in New York in 
1881 ; and that in Boston, in 1898, on the 
unveiling of the statue of Rufus Choate. 

In 1899 President McKinley appointed 
Mr. Choate to the British ambassador- 



ship, to succeed John Hay, this being ap- 
proved with enthusiasm in both countries, 
and his five years' service was highly 
creditable to himself and satisfactory to 
both nations. While in England he re- 
ceived the signal compliment of election 
as a bencher of the Middle Temple. He 
was ambassador and first United States 
delegate to the International Peace Con- 
ference at the Hague, in 1907; is vice- 
president of the American Society for the 
Judicial Settlement of International Dis- 
putes ; foreign honorary fellow of the 
Royal Society of Literature ; and a mem- 
ber of the Massachusetts Colonial Soci- 
ety. He has been president of the Union 
League, Harvard Club and New England 
Society of New York ; the New York 
City, State, and American Bar Associ- 
ations ; Harvard Law School Association ; 
president of the Harvard Alumni Asso- 
ciation ; trustee of the Metropolitan 
Museum of Arts and Sciences, and of the 
American Museum of Natural History, of 
each from its organization ; and is a 
member of the American Philosophical 
Association, a governor of the New York 
Hospital, and a trustee of the Equitable 
Life Assurance Society. 

He was married, in 1861, to Caroline 
Dutcher, daughter of Frederick A. Sterl- 
ing, of Cleveland, Ohio. 



ROLFE, William J., 

Journalist, Author. 

William James Rolfe, a brilliant litter- 
ateur, was born in Newburyport, Massa- 
chusetts, December 10, 1827, son of John 
and Lydia Davis (Moulton) Rolfe, and 
descended in the paternal line from an 
early settler of Newbury. The Rolfe 
family is noted in the record of Haverhill 
and elsewhere in Massachusetts. 

W'illiam James Rolfe received his early 
education in Lowell, and entered Amherst 
College, but at the end of three years 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



abandoned his course to enter upon teach- 
ing. He taught in Kirkwood (Maryland) 
Academy and Day's Academy at Wren- 
tham, Massachusetts. In 1852 he became 
master of the Dorchester High School, in 
1857 of the Lawrence High School, in 
1861 of the Salem High School. In 1862 
he became master of the high school at 
Cambridge, resigning in 1868 to devote 
himself to literary pursuits. For several 
years he was editor of the Shakespeariana 
department of the "Literary World," 
Boston, and afterward of the "Critic," 
New York. In collaboration with J. H. 
Hanson he published "A Handbook of 
Latin Poetry" in 1865; edited "Craik's 
English of Shakespeare" in 1867 ; in con- 
nection with J. A. Gillet produced the 
"Cambridge Course in Physics," six vol- 
umes, in 1867-69; and in 1870 an edition 
of Shakespeare's "Merchant of Venice," 
following it with other Shakespearian 
plays until he had expanded the work to 
forty volumes. He also edited selections 
from the poetry of Gray, Goldsmith, 
Wordsworth, and Browning ; also "Minor 
Poems of Milton," Scott's "Lady of the 
Lake," "Marmion," and "The Lay of the 
Last Minstrel ;" a complete edition of 
"Scott's Poems," Tennyson's "Princess;" 
three volumes of selections from Tenny- 
son ; Byron's "Childe Harold;" Mrs. 
Browning's "Sonnets from the Portu- 
gese ;" in collaboration with his son, 
John C. Rolfe, Macaulay's "Lays of An- 
cient Rome ;" and several volumes of ele- 
mentary "English Classics" for school 
use. He received the honorary degree 
of Master of Arts from Harvard College 
in 1859, and from Amherst College in 
1865, an d from the latter institution that 
of Lit. D. in 1887. He is an honorary 
editor of the "North American Review," 
to which he has made numerous brilliant 
contributions. 

He married, in Dorchester, Massachu- 



setts, July 30, 1856, Eliza J. Carew, 
daughter of Joseph and Eleanor (Grif- 
fiths) Carew. Their three sons all gradu- 
ated from Harvard College. 



HUNNEWELL, James F., 

Antiquarian. Author. 

James Frothingham Hunnewell, noted 
as an antiquarian and author, as well as 
an enterprising business man, was born 
in Charlestown, Massachusetts, July 3, 
1832, son of James and Susan Hunne- 
well, and on the paternal side a represen- 
tative of a family that has resided in 
Charlestown since 1698, the ancestors on 
his maternal side having settled there 
considerably earlier, in the year 1630. 
The old Hunnewell homestead, located on 
the original site of a portion of the 
Bunker Hill battle ground, is roomy and 
comfortable, and surrounded with a gar- 
den wherein are many old and beautiful 
trees. 

James F. Hunnewell acquired his edu- 
cation principally by attendance at 
private schools in his native city, being 
deprived of further instructional advan- 
tages by reason of impaired eyesight. In 
1849, at the age of seventeen years, he 
entered upon his active business career 
in the employ of his father, who for many 
years had been a successful merchant, 
having established a mercantile house in 
Honolulu in the year 1826, and which was 
in successful operation until 1895. The 
business was with distant foreign ports, 
especially with the Hawaiian Islands, and 
with the west coast of America, but about 
the year 1866, when American foreign 
commerce had seriously declined, both 
father and son retired from active busi- 
ness, the death of the father occurring 
three years later, 1869. In the mean- 
time, James F. Hunnewell had devoted 
considerable time and attention to anti- 



16 



I 

, LENOX. K/> 
TTLDBN *9UNOA. 1 TIOt*S| 




aUiJ U 
. Q)O. Gi 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



quarian and historical subjects, from 
which he ever derived great pleasure and 
profit, but with no pecuniary return. He 
has traveled extensively both at home and 
abroad, and during these journeys he has 
made voluminous notes concerning the 
condition of a great number of places he 
has visited, and of objects important in 
art or history, among them fully four 
hundred cathedrals, abbeys and churches, 
of special note. The collecting of books 
has always been one of his favorite pas- 
times, even from early life, and he is now 
the possessor of a library of unusual size, 
representing art, antiquities and history, 
including many in what are known as 
historic bindings. He was elected to the 
office of trustee of the public schools of 
Charlestown, and by faithful performance 
of duties entailed was reflected twice in 
succession, and he also served as trustee 
of the Public Library of Charlestown for 
eight terms. For a period of almost four 
decades he has served in an official capac- 
ity in the First Parish, and during a large 
portion of that time was chairman of its 
standing committee. In 1887 he was ap- 
pointed president of the Gas & Electric 
Company, was appointed vice-president of 
the Winchester Home (a charity main- 
tained by union of denominations), a 
vice-president of the New England Mort- 
gage Security Company, a trustee of the 
Five-Cent Savings Bank, and director of 
the Bunker Hill Monument Association. 
In connection with Hawaii, he was many 
years president of the Hawaiian Club, 
and treasurer of the American Endow- 
ment of Oahu College and a correspond- 
ing member of the Hawaiian Historical 
Society. For many years he was a direc- 
tor of the New England Historic-Gene- 
alogical Society ; member of the American 
Antiquarian Society, his membership dat- 
ing from 1867 ; an officer in the Society 
for Propagating the Gospel ; a life mem- 

MASS Vol IV 2 



ber of the Archaeological Institute of 
America ; an original member and a direc- 
tor of the Boston Marine Society ; a 
member of the Prince Society, the Boston 
Memorial Society, and the Union, St. 
Botolph, Athletic, Odd Volumes, Massa- 
chusetts Reform and Exchange clubs. 

Results of his work, travels and book- 
collecting appear in his published and 
privately printed volumes. Of the former 
are: "The Lands of Scott," "Bibliogra- 
phy of Charlestown and Bunker Hill," 
"The Historical Monuments of France," 
"The Imperial Island," as "England's 
Chronicle in Stone" (John Murray, Lon- 
don), and "A Century of Town Life, 
Charlestown, 1775-1887," "Triumph of 
Early Printing," "Historical Museums" 
and "Early American Poetry," in five 
volumes. Privately printed by him are : 
"Civilization of the Hawaiian Islands, 
with a Bibliography ;" "Memorials of My 
Father, of My Mother, and of the First 
Church," and "Records of the First 
Church, 1632-1789," "A Relation of Vir- 
ginia, 1609, by Henry Spehman," "A 
Journal of the Missionary Packet, Bos- 
ton to Honolulu, 1826," (by his father), 
a very remarkable voyage. In addition 
to these are : "Illustrated Americana," 
reprinted from the proceedings of the 
American Antiquarian Society, and sev- 
eral other papers read to clubs and soci- 
eties, or for other purposes. 

On April 3, 1872, Mr. Hunnewell mar- 
ried Sarah Melville, daughter of Ezra 
Farnsworth, of Boston, Massachusetts. 



BOWERS, Alphonzo Benjamin, 

Civil, Mechanical and Hydraulic Engineer; 
Inventor of the Art of Hydraulic Dredg- 
ing and of the Hydraulic Dredge. 

An octogenarian in years, but young 
physically, and in mental vigor, he is one 
of the broad-minded, many-sided, live men 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

of to-day, whose achievements are indeed Bowers (6), of Billerica and West Bald- 
remarkable. And one of the most remark- win, Maine ; he himself being the seventh 
able things concerning his remarkable generation in America, 
life, besides its long continued energy, His great-grandfathers, Captain Josiah 
is the early age at which its development Bowers and Major Jonathan Stickney, 
began. He had taught his first school, were officers in the Revolutionary army, 
written his first newspaper article, de- while Daniel Thompson, another great- 
livered several political speeches, built grandfather, was killed at the battle of 
his first dam, and could manage his Lexington. His grandfather, Benjamin 
father's mills before he was sixteen years Bowers, just out of his "teens," served as 
of age. a private, while his other grandfather, 

He was born September 25, 1830, at Isaac Snow Thompson, fourteen years 
West Baldwin, Maine, lived for many old, was a privateersman, captured with 
years in California, but is now a resident, ship and crew by the British, but re- 
with headquarters in Lynn, Massachu- leased and put on shore because their 
setts. He is a son of Wilder and Sarah captors were short of food. 
Hay (Thompson) Bowers ; of Revolu- While it is in the inventive, mechan- 
tionary and Anglo-Norman stock on both ical, and business worlds that his fame is 
sides, both of whom were in early life, greatest, his marvelous versatility, activ- 
residents of Massachusetts, with records ity and energy gave him early in life 
running back in several lines without a prominence in many lines of useful work, 
break, to William, the Conqueror ; Alfred, and annexed to his individuality a group 
the Great, and Charlemagne as is shown of striking and graceful accomplishments, 
by authentic records in the New York He has been not merely a distinguished 
Public Library, whence it follows that he inventor, but a civil, mechanical, and 
is descended from all the old Royal fami- hydraulic engineer, who has done good 
lies of Europe. Indeed many authorities work in each of these branches; a sur- 
carry his ancestry back two thousand veyor, topographer and clever photo- 
years to B. C. 75 (others say A. D. 300), grapher; an architect and builder who 
to Odin, the warrior-king, conqueror, ma- has designed and erected both public and 
gician, law-giver, statesman, orator, and private edifices ; a miner for a short time 
poet ; the founder of many Royal dynas- only ; a litterateur who adds to his mental 
ties founder, chief deity, father of the equipment the ability of an interesting 
Gods of the Norse Mythology, and inven- and witty writer, lecturer, debater and 
tor of the runic alphabet, while Bethams public speaker. His signature to a scien- 
Tables, CCCLXXIV and CCCLXXV, tific, historic, genealogical, or mechanical 
carries one line of his ancestry to 1038 treatise is a guarantee of its value, while 
B. C. for some of the magazines he has written 

His American ancestry on his father's graceful verse. 

side is George Bower (i), of Roxbury, May not heredity explain much in the 

about 1630, later of Scituate, Plymouth life of this man? Many interesting fea- 

and Cambridge ; Captain Jerathmeel tures make up his history and character, 

Bowers (2), of Chelmsford, Massachu- only a few of which can be given here, 

setts; Captain Jonathan Bowers (3), of He crossed the Isthmus in July, 1853, on 

Billerica, Massachusetts; Captain Josiah his way to California, where he began at 

Bowers (4), of Billerica; Benjamin once to help build the state; first as a 

Bowers (5), also of Billerica; Wilder miner, then for several years instructor 

18 



CO 

o 

^ 

w 

70 
Co 

o 

50 

w 
o 



z 

o 

C/3 
Kj 



w 

s: 



M 

a 
o 

o 

z 

o 

2 

r 

3 
o 




THE NEvTToRKf 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 



ASTOR, LENOX A' 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



in public and higher schools, owing to a 
sun-stroke that obliged him to seek in- 
door occupation, Principal in charge of the 
Benicia Collegiate Institute; of the San 
Francisco Classical High School, and of 
the Petabuma public schools, all of which 
he helped to organize and establish with 
personal effort and pen winning high 
reputation as educator and writer. 

He was quick to recognize the eco- 
nomic and agricultural values of irriga- 
tion and swamp-land reclamation, in Cali- 
fornia, and, making himself familiar with 
the engineering problems involved, and 
the best methods practiced in Holland, 
Egypt, Asia-Minor, India, China and 
Japan, became a pioneer writer and pam- 
phleteer on those important subjects; but 
in all this, he was many years ahead of 
the times. His fruitless search for ma- 
chines suited to the rapid and economical 
construction of the works he had been 
recommending led in 1863 to the inven- 
tion of his device for transporting spoil 
from ordinary dredgers, consisting of a 
receiver and pump on a lighter or barge, 
and a discharge-pipe composed of a series 
of sections flexibly connected together and 
supported on the water by floats. This 
had a transporting capacity greatly in ex- 
cess of the excavating capacity of any 
dredge then in use, and was quickly fol- 
lowed by his invention in 1864, of the Art 
of Hydraulic Dredging, and the Hydraulic 
Dredge. 

But he had been authorized by special 
act of the Legislature to prepare and pub- 
lish an elaborate subdivisional map of 
Sonoma county, California, and was 
under bonds to complete it, so his inven- 
tions had to wait. He was also for several 
years in charge of the sales of the 
State School, swamp, and tide lands, and 
deputy surveyor general for the rectifica- 
tion and establishment of county bounda- 
ries. His map, covering an area of fifteen 
hundred square miles, was finished and 



published in 1866-67. Through a techni- 
cal defect in the act authorizing this 
work, he was unable to collect payment 
therefor, though he carried the case to 
the Supreme Court. This entailed a loss, 
including work, litigation, money ex- 
pended, and interest on borrowed money, 
of over $53,000, leaving him with an in- 
debtedness that long delayed the patent- 
ing o^ '.his : invention, and harassed and 
embittered his life for many years, until 
his debts, amounting to over $100,000, had 
finally been-paid with interest long after 
most of thetti Were outlawed barred by 
the statute of limitations. In 1861 and 
again in 1863 he was a delegate to the Re- 
publican State convention, and at the 
latter declined the nomination for sur- 
veyor general when nomination was 
equivalent to election. 

After the completion of his map in 
1866-67, ne sought unceasingly to interest 
capital in the patenting and building of 
his dredge, until he became known 
throughout the Pacific slope as "The 
crazy crank who thinks he can pump 
mud." Not until 1878, after fourteen 
years of persistent effort, was he able to 
build his first dredge the first ever con- 
structed, capable of severing hard ma- 
terial from the bottom of waterways, 
raising it by atmospheric pressure, and 
sending it through a flexibly-connected 
floating discharge-pipe to a distant place 
of deposit. This, according to the report 
of the engineers who made the tests, was 
a small 12-inch experimental affair run 
by a single engine of 43.85 indicated 
horse-power, with an average capacity of 
6 l /2 cubic yards per minute, delivered at 
the surface of the water through 320 feet 
of pipe, in a run of three hours, a record 
per horse-power unequaled by any sub- 
sequent dredge. This heavy percentage 
of solid material was due to an inner 
cylinder within the cutter, that admitted 
barely enough water for transporting the 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

spoil through a short pipe, and is not "Peace hath her victories no less than 

used except for filling an enclosure too war." A momentary enthusiasm will 

small to serve as a settling basin and carry a man to the cannon's mouth, but 

close to the excavation. Since then, hy- he who fights on, day after day, and year 

draulic dredges with 2o-inch suction-pipes after year, for scores of years, and finally 

and high power, have repeatedly handled prevails against sickness, suffering, pov- 

over 500,000, and in one or two instances, erty, unlimited capital, the highest legal 

in soft material, 1,000,000 cubic yards per talents, and the law's delays, must be 

month, as against the 25,000 to 40,000 made of sterner stuff. He requires no 

yards, best month's work, of the old ma- less courage, energy, activity, and ability, 

chines at the date of the Bowers' inven- and is no less a hero, than he who wades 

tion. through blood and slaughter to victories 

But, delayed by interferences in the on land or sea. Who can begrudge him 

patent office, and other causes, his patents a rich reward? 

had not yet been granted. Infringements Mr. Bowers was once asked how he 
sprang up all over the country, after the came to invent the hydraulic dredge. He 
building of his first dredge, and he was said, "That was largely due to my mother, 
powerless to stop them. Before any of a cultured, refined and Christian lady, 
his patents were granted, nervous pros- She thought the life best worth living 
tration from care, anxiety, worriment was one of usefulness to others, and re- 
over infringements and debts, typhoid gretted that it would have been just as 
fever, and mental overwork brought him well for the world had many, even decent, 
to the brink of the grave. Three doctors people never been born. She was greatly 
in consultation declared him to be suffer- desirous that this should not be true of 
ing from softening of the brain, and not me. Under her influence this became the 
likely to live six months. ambition of my life. My success as a 

Determined to fight for his life, he teacher led me to think this purpose 

mapped out for himself a rigid systematic could best be served as an educator. 

course of exercising, dieting, deep breath- "The south end of Sonoma Mountain 

ing, sleeping and living with windows sloped gently to a large expanse of salt 

wide open, and as much as possible, in marsh fronting on San Pablo Bay some 

the open air. This further delayed the twenty-five miles north of San Francisco, 

issuance of his patents, since he had been California. This could be purchased, at 

allowed, by his doctors, to work but one that time, for a moderate sum. The salt 

hour per day. At the end of three years, marsh could be bought for $1.00 per acre. 

though not fully recovered, he again took I looked longingly upon this sloping land 

up his work. As soon as possible after and adjacent marsh. Here, I thought, 

the issuance of his patents, he brought was an ideal location for a large nearly 

suit against infringers, employing in self-supporting institution where orphan 

prosecution of some sixty suits, more children could be educated and taught 

than twenty attorneys, one of whom he agriculture, trades, or receive training 

disbarred. Good lawyers and bad ones for professional or business careers. It 

have strewn the records of the courts, in was this that led me to investigate the 

many states, with thousands of pages of methods and machinery for reclaiming 

useless testimony in vain attempts to marsh lands to study irrigation write 

defeat his patents. and distribute pamphlets on these sub- 

20 




BOWERS AS WE SEE 1M:-GAME TO THE LAST 

A cartoon jjublished in San Francisco several years ago 



Bowers' Dredge in Background; Discharge l'i]> L ' in I-'ore^numd : Infrin^enu-nt Dragon 

in Possession; Bowers Fighting for I I is Rights 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



jects, at my own expense, and invent the 
Art of Hydraulic Dredging and the hy- 
draulic dredge the fruitful parents of 
most of my misfortunes, though largely 
conducive, after all, to the main purpose 
of my life the benefiting of my fellow- 
men." 

The study of law always had an attrac- 
tion for his analytical mind. Long before 
he had become a victim of "the laws de- 
lays" he had attacked that study with the 
fierce energy that formed a part of his 
mental equipment. He read common and 
civil law, and many standard legal au- 
thorities, and although he never practiced, 
was well grounded in the fundamental 
principles of law. He was also well read 
in most of the "ologies" of the day. He 
had sought to interest a manufacturer in 
San Francisco in his dredge, and had been 
told to "take out your papers, and then 
we can use your inventions without 
infringing your patents." This put him 
on his guard. Dissatisfied with the 
specifications and claims of his patent 
attorneys, he revoked their powers, and 
took personal charge of his applica- 
tions. This necessitated the study of 
patent law, and into this wilderness he 
plunged as if it was a garden of roses. 
If the manufacturer ever contemplated 
using his invention without infringing his 
patents, he abandoned the idea when the 
patents came out. They are said to cover 
everything of patentable value in hy- 
draulic dredging. It was owing to this 
fact that Mr. Bowers had so many law- 
suits with infringers of his patents. 

The report of the United States Engi- 
neers show more work done in the last 
twenty years by his system of dredging 
and filling than by all others combined 
since the settlement of the country. 

To the struggling and ambitious young 
man who imagines that he is, by poverty, 
debarred from success, there is an in- 
structive object lesson in the life of this 



inventor, who, after more than thirty 
years persistent effort, including many 
years of stubborn litigation, finally won a 
victory having few if any parallels in 
the history of patents ; but his fame as an 
inventor pales before that due to him for 
the courage, energy and persistency with 
which he kept up the fight, and battled 
for his rights. 

From the decision of the U. S. Circuit 
Court of Appeals in Von Schmidt v. 
Bowers, on appeal from a decision by 
Judge McKenna, now of the United 
States Supreme Court, we quote the fol- 
lowing: 

1. "The record in this case is very voluminous, 
embracing 2,477 printed pages and including 
a vast number of exhibits. 

2. "Prior to the complainant (Bowers) coming 
into the field, there was no machine, by what- 
ever name known, that would, by the simul- 
taneous and continuous cooperation of the var- 
ious elements, cut and remove hard material 
from a waterway, and itself transport the same 
to any desired distance and place. 

3. "The complainant undertook to accomplish 
that thing. 

4. "The testimony of the complainant in respect 
to the time when the drawings Exhibits DD and 
EE were made (July, 1864) finds corroboration 
in the testimony of the witnesses Houghton, 
McGann, Bender, Shaw and Gray. 

5. "They show not only an altogether new 
combination of elements, for the transportation 
of the spoils, but also 

6. "Something radically new in rotary exca- 
vators, namely 

7. "A rotary excavator with inward delivery 
through itself in combination with a suction- 
pipe. 

8. "They show a dredge-boat having two self- 
contained pivots or centers of oscillation for the 
swinging of the boat while at work. 

9. "A flexible joint (in the discharge-pipe) 
near the pivots. 

10. "A discharge-pipe consisting of an inner 
flexible oscillating section, a series of sections 
flexibly joined together and supported by floats 
and an outer rigid non-oscillating section. 

11. "A suction-pipe for raising the spoil. 

12. "A rotary excavator having inward deliv- 
ery for dredging. 



21 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



13. "The arc-shaped cuts of the excavator 
made by the dredge while swinging from side to 
side on the pivot. 

14. "In 1868 complainant made four models 
showing different forms of construction of his 
invention * * * which were introduced in 
evidence. 

15. "To review the many pages of evidence 
going to show the reasons for the delay of 
complainant's application would serve no useful 
purpose. It is enough to say that, so far from 
showing any intentional abandonment on part 
of the complainant, they show the most per- 
sistent and continuous efforts on his part, 
against very adverse circumstances, to perfect 
the invention and avail himself of its benefits, 
and excuse the laches with which he other- 
wise might justly be charged. 

16. "The original application of the complain- 
ant for a patent for his invention was filed in 
the patent office, December 9, 1876. 

17. "Complainant * * * determined to and 
accordingly did divide his application into sev- 
eral divisional applications. 

18. "His third divisional application embraced 
all the remainder of his original application not 
comprised in his first and second divisions. 

19. "In the prosecution of his third divisional 
application, it was found that several independ- 
ent inventions were described and that it, too, 
would have to be divided. 

20. "The complainant divided it into nine diff- 
erent divisions, and filed divisional applications 
therefor, while the third divisional application 
was pending, and before the issuance of any 
patent therefor," making all of them co-pend- 
ing applications. 

But the validity of the 461 Bowers Hy- 
draulic dredging patents, each claim be- 
ing a patent, are not dependent on these 
early dates. He need not go back of the 
date of his applications. In an exhaus- 
tive decision of thirty-seven printed 
pages, 91 Fed. Rep. p. 417, in which the 
whole case is retried on account of the 
many new exhibits and much new evi- 
dence, is found the following: 

I. "Having determined that the Schwartzkopff 
patent (of 1856) does not anticipate the Bowers 
inventions, and 

II. "That none of the other letters patent 
introduced by the defendant anticipate Bowers 
patents, 



III. "The conclusion logically follows that 
Bowers * * * has sustained his claim as a 
pioneer inventor in the art of dredging, 

IV. "He is therefore entitled to treat as 
infringers all who employ substantially the same 
means to accomplish the same results." 

Mr. Bowers has made many inventions 
for which applications for patents were 
never made, but the records of the patent 
show seventy-one sheets of drawings with 
over three hundred separate figures in his 
various applications, of which the matter of 
only thirty-four sheets were patented. The 
rest were forfeited after many claims had 
been allowed in each application, because, 
engaged in some sixty odd suits against 
infringers of his patents, he could give 
them no personal attention and the at- 
torney to whom they were entrusted 
failed to act in season to save them. 

Mr. Bowers has been president and 
vice-president of large dredging com- 
panies on the Atlantic, Gulf and Pacific 
Coasts, and has recently been elected 
president of the Atlantic Harbor Railroad 
Company. In 1888, he made for private 
parties an examination and report on the 
proposed Nicaraguan Ship Canal, which 
he recommended in preference to the 
Panama Route, being apprehensive, with 
other reasons, of extensive slides in the 
deep cuts of the Panama line. He owned 
and operated for a time a coal mine in 
Wyoming, where he had 640 acres of coal 
land. He owned at one time nearly 4,000 
acres in California. He also owned the 
electric light and water works at Pasa 
Robbies, California. He was interested 
in gold and silver mines in California, 
Nevada, and Mexico ; was among the 
Indians in the mountains in Mexico at the 
time of the earthquake and fire in San 
Francisco, and is reported to have lost 
heavily in the panic of 1907, as well as in 
the San Francisco fire. 

He was a member and took part in the 



22 



EXCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



discussions and transactions of the Inter- 
national Congress of Commerce and 
Navigation at Brussels, in 1898. There 
he made the acquaintance of Leopold II., 
of Belgium, was entertained at the palace 
by the king, and present at the corona- 
tion of Queen Wilhelmina, of Holland. 

He made a hydrographic, geologic and 
tidal survey of Nassau harbor for the 
government of the Bahamas in 1904, with 
numerous borings all over the harbor 
giving depths of water, thickness of over- 
lying sand, and depths to the coral rock 
bottom ; the rise and fall of the tides ; 
course and direction of the incoming and 
outgoing tidal currents ; maps showing 
all these with plans for the improvement 
of the harbor. He is a member of the 
permanent International Association of 
Navigation Congresses ; one of the foun- 
ders, a life member and vice-president of 
the National Historical Society ; one of 
the founders of the Technical Society of 
the Pacific Coast, and of the California 
Association of Civil Engineers; a member 
of the National Geographic Society ; the 
American Forestry Association; of the 
Association for the Adornment of San 
Francisco; Past Chancellor Commander 
of the Knights of Pythias ; delegate from 
California to the American Civic Alliance, 
and one of the speakers at the mass meet- 
ing of the Alliance at Carnegie Hall in 
New York in 1909. 

Believing that all Christian churches 
are trying to make men better and 
happier, he has helped them all, regard- 
less of names or creeds. Humanitarian 
in all his instincts to him all men are 
brothers and especially all those who 
are trying to do right, all those who are 
trying to lighten the sorrows and suffer- 
ings, and improve the conditions of the 
poor. This is his idea of patriotism a 
love of country that would not only de- 
fend its rights but strive to elevate all its 



citizens, as well as to cherish love for his 
fellowmen. 

The world may admire a dreamer. It 
holds in lasting remembrance only those 
who have added something of thought or 
deed to the storehouse of its treasures. 
Mr. Bowers has done both. He has in- 
vented a new ART, that of hydraulic 
dredging. He has given to the world a 
new implement for the subjugation of 
nature the hydraulic dredge. These, 
combined with his transporting device, 
have made feasible countless public and 
private enterprises, already accomplished, 
that would otherwise have been impos- 
sible. It has saved many millions of dol- 
lars to the government of the United 
States, and will save it many millions 
more. It has reduced the cost of dredging, 
transporting and filling to less than one- 
fourth its former cost by the old methods 
and machines. It has created property to 
the value of hundreds of millions of dol- 
lars and will continue to create property 
of values incalculable almost incredible, 
and for a long time to come. By its con- 
tinuous infringement of the Bowers pat- 
ents and the infringement by large cor- 
porations in its employ, the Government 
has saved (it is said) more than $100,- 
000,000 for which the inventor has re- 
ceived less than it has cost him to secure 
a full, if barren, recognition of his rights 
in the courts, too late to be of much 
value. But the greatest work of his life 
can never be given to the world. 
In a late paper Mr. Bowers says: 

As early as his sixteenth year, the writer 
became interested in heredity, sociology, eth- 
nology, and eugenics, though with exception 
of ethnology these were terms unknown 
branches of study without names, or at least 
these names, which were not then to be found 
in Webster. He read with avidity all he could 
find bearing even remotely on those subjects; 
but that was not much, here a little and there 
less, though much good work had been done 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



in ethnology. He became more and more 
interested more and more impressed with the 
importance of these studies as the years sped 
on, and, as the exigencies of a busy life would 
permit, he continued to study and make notes 
in the belief that the study of races, nations 
and migrations; the effects of climate and en- 
vironment; the rise and fall, the growth and 
decay of empires, and the causes thereof, would 
bring to light many lessons of .practical utility, 
largely conducive to the welfare of men. But 
to this end, more of detail is needed than is 
furnished from the consideration of nation and 
races en masse. A study of numerous individuals 
under multifarious circumstances and conditions 
must be made before one can generalize with 
safety or reduce to a science. These consider- 
ations, together with personal observation of 
instances where the idiosyncracies of the sire 
had been transmitted to the children and grand- 
children, and other instances with lack of such 
transmission, led to the study of family histories 
so abundant in our libraries, and so valuable for 
references. He took some of his own ancestors, 
the Bower, Hay and Pierrepont families, 
and traced them back through their spreading 
branches, that he might get some idea of the 
blood that flowed in his own veins. But this 
was only a small part of his research. He 
collected an immense amount of material from 
innumerable sources and at the cost of much 
time, labor and money. 

With these manuscripts, rich in photographic 
and other illustrations, plates and engravings, 
went in the San Francisco fire, all his notes 
from historic research and personal study in 
England, France, Germany, Russia, Finland, 
Belgium, Holland, Cuba, Guatemala, Nicaragua, 
San Salvadore, Central America, Honduras, the 
United States, Canada, the Hawaiian and Phil- 
ippine Islands, China and Japan. It would 
have been the greatest, most ambitious, and the 
writer believes, the most useful work of his 
life. (An opinion with which the editor con- 
curs). Its loss is irreparable, for advancing 
years and a multiplicity of other interests pre- 
clude the re-gathering and weaving into warp 
and woof and web of so many scattered threads, 
and the work has been abandoned. 

So perished the hope 
In earthquake and smoke, 
That his labor and pen 
Might be of some use 
To his fellowmen. 



Nevertheless, he has builded for him- 
self, a monument more lasting than brass, 
and will pass into the history of science 
and invention as a public benefactor. He 
is a genius who has won his title on the 
fiercest fields, against the most resource- 
ful competitors, in the brightest era in the 
annals of the world. This triumph has 
been dearly attained. Mr. W. H. Smythe, 
in a paper read before the Technical So- 
ciety of the Pacific Coast, says : 

This story of the growth of a machine can 
hardly be other than what it is intended to be 
a prosaic statement of facts and dates from 
sworn testimony of court records and personal 
observation. A few readers, here and there, 
can, like the writer, fill in the blank of years so 
lightly passed by in narration. To these this 
story will present another and entirely different 
aspect, one which thrills with human feeling and 
sympathy; a story of trial, disappointment and 
hope deferred; of ill-health and reproach; of 
high hopes and ambitions; of youth and man- 
hood worn away as slowly, but surely, as drop- 
ping water wears stone by the passing days of 
passing years. These will know that progress 
as well as religion demands its martyrs, and that 
success, so dazzling to the beholder, is but a 
lightning flash on a summer evening, incapable 
of dissipating the chill of a life's journey in the 
valley of shadows. 

Authorities: "Hydraulic Dredging: Its 
Origin, Growth and Present Status" by 
H. W. Smythe, M E., in Journal of Asso- 
ciation of Engineering Societies, October, 
1897; "Modern San Francisco," 1908; 
various biographies in National Cyclo- 
pedia of American Biography, Vol. XII ; 
Who's Who in America, 1909 and 1915; 
The Cyclopaedia of American Biography 
(Appleton's Revised), 1915; Court Rec- 
ord in Bowers vs. San Francisco Bridge 
Company, nine volumes, nearly 5,000 
pages ; other decisions of the United 
States Courts ; Betham, Thomas, and 
other Genealogical Tables ; Rolls of the 
Massachusetts officers and soldiers in the 
Revolution ; Bulletin of the Mechanics' 



24 






. I 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Institute, September-October, 1901 ; ar- 
ticle on Dredging in Johnson's Encyclo- 
paedia, and other works on Dredging; 
Colonial Records of the Plymouth and 
Massachusetts Bay Colonies : Land Rec- 
ords of Roxbury ; Massachusetts Vital Sta- 
tistics; Histories of Cambridge, Chelms- 
ford and Billerica, Massachusetts ; Sav- 
age's Gen. Die. ; and other Town and 
County Records. 



CRANE, Winthrop Murray, 

Man of Affairs, Statesman. 

The achievements of representatives of 
the Crane family in the manufacturing 
world and their services in the councils of 
the State, had their natural culmination 
in the opening years of the twentieth 
century in the appointment of Hon. Win- 
throp Murray Crane to the Senate of the 
United States as successor to that vener- 
able statesman, the late George F. Hoar. 

In the dawning of the new century, 
also, his resourcefulness as a business 
man was recognized by his election to a 
number of important directorates. These 
responsibilities, in conjunction with ex- 
tensive paper manufacture, large property 
and other important interests, constitute 
the gentleman in question one of the most 
interesting figures in this most interest- 
ing national era in both the political and 
the business world. That Senator Crane 
owes much to heredity for the distinction 
and successes which he has attained, the 
records of the Crane family serve to 
demonstrate conclusively, and he would 
be the first to admit, indeed, he has many 
times with characteristic modesty and 
filial devotion insisted, that the honors 
conferred upon him were practically so 
many testimonials to the worth of both 
father and grandfather of unusual busi- 
ness capacity and enterprise, of uncom- 
promising integrity, and of generally 



recognized public and private usefulness. 

Winthrop Murray Crane was born where 
he has resided throughout his life, in 
Dalton, Massachusetts, April 23, 1852, son 
of Zenas M. and Louise F. (Laflin) Crane. 

He attended the public schools of his 
native county, and the academies at 
Wilbraham and Easthampton. and then 
entered his father's mills to learn the 
paper-making business. This accomplish- 
ed in due course of time with a thorough- 
ness subsequently demonstrated, he then 
gave his inceptive evidence of diplomatic 
ability by obtaining at Washington, 
whither he had gone on his own initiative, 
the government bank-note paper contract 
which the Crane establishment has held 
for many years. This contract secured, 
after one month's personal work in an old 
mill turned over to him by his father for 
experimental purposes, he succeeded in 
perfecting a paper product that has fully 
satisfied the requirements of the govern- 
ment for bank-note purposes. 

Until 1892, Mr. Crane was not known 
in politics. That year he was made a 
delegate to the Republican National Con- 
vention, and was reluctantly persuaded to 
accept the place of national committee- 
man from Massachusetts. He speedily 
came to exercise a strong influence on the 
committee, and so his political career 
began. In 1896 he was the manager of 
the Reed forces in the St. Louis conven- 
tion, to which he was a delegate. In 1897 
he was elected Lieutenant-Governor, and 
was reflected in 1898 and 1899. The next 
year he was elected Governor, and held 
the State's chief office for three years. 
Governor Crane's work was after the 
pattern of the old, self-contained New 
England accomplishment. His first mes- 
sage declared that "Massachusetts has 
reached a limit of indebtedness beyond 
which she should not go," and it was the 
text on which he acted. His first in- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



augural 



address was the shortest on 



Governor, in settling the great coal strike, 
record in Massachusetts, and it was con- After Theodore Roosevelt was called to 
fined to reform recommendations, every the duties of the presidency by the death 
one of which was enacted into law during of President McKinley, he early sought 



the year 1900. His second inaugural was 
longer, because the Governor had results 
to report and more reforms to block out; 
all he asked for was accomplished. The 
third inaugural made another batch of 
definite recommendations, and they were 
acted upon. In the first year fifty thou- 
sand shares of the Fitchburg railroad 
common stock held for thirteen years and 
carried on the books of the State Treas- 
urer as an asset, so worthless were they 
considered were sold to the Boston & 
Maine railroad for $5,000,000 ; and the last 
year of Governor Crane's administration 
the New York, New Haven & Hart- 
ford railroad paid a price for the State's 
reclaimed lands in Boston that surprised 
that company and the public. Salaries 
were not raised in the three years, save 
in the single instance of the chairman of 
the railroad commission, and that was to 
insure the work of Chairman Jackson, 
whose services were very important to 
the State. The over-expansion of State 
commissions was checked, and consoli- 
dations were achieved that of the cattle 
commission with the board of agriculture, 
of the State fire marshal's establishment 



the counsels of Mr. Crane. The two men 
maintained close relations, and the Presi- 
dent invited the Governor of Massachu- 
setts to become Secretary of the Treas- 
ury, which offer was declined, as was a 
tender of the navy portfolio. In 1902 
Governor Crane was in the carriage with 
President Roosevelt when the body guard 
of the latter was killed by the car col- 
lision in Pittsfield. Mr. Crane was a 
member of the Republican National Com- 
mittee, and one of Mr. Cortelyou's 
advisers in the conduct of the national 
campaign of 1904. 

On October 12, 1904, Governor Bates 
tendered to Governor Crane the seat in 
the United States Senate left vacant by 
the decease of Senator Hoar, and it was 
accepted. At the ensuing election he was 
elected for a full term, and reflected, 
extending his senatorial service to the 
year 1913. 

Senator Crane received the degree of 
LL. D. from Harvard University in 1903. 
He married, February 5, 1880, Mary 
Brenner, of Astoria, Long Island, who 
died February 16, 1884, leaving one son, 
Winthrop Murray Crane, Jr., a graduate 



with the district police, of the inspector- of Yale, class of 1903, who emulated his 
general of fish with the commission on father's example in learning the paper- 
inland fisheries and game, and of the State making business in the mills at Dalton, 
pension agent and commissioner of State and became one of the company. He 
aid in one body, with a deputy. An married, in February, 1905, Miss Ethel, 
unpaid board of publication was created daughter of Arthur W. Eaton, president 
to edit State reports. One of Governor of the Eaton-Hurlbut Paper Company, 
Crane's important successes was in un- 
officially but none the less effectually 
bringing peace out of the great strike 
which sadly disturbed and threatened all 
New England, in March, 1902. The 



Pittsfield. 

GREELY, Adolphus W., 

Soldier, Explorer. 



method then employed was subsequently General Adolphus Washington Greely 
taken by President Roosevelt, upon the was born at Newburyport, Massachusetts, 
urgent insistence of the Massachusetts March 27, 1847, son f Jhn Balch and 

26 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Frances (Cobb) Greely ; grandson of 
Joseph and Betsey (Balch) Greely, and of 
Samuel and Eleanor (Neal) Cobb, and 
descended paternally from Andrew 
Greely, of Salisbury, 1639, an< ^ from John 
Balch, Cape Ann, 1623, and maternally 
from Henry Cobb, Scituate, 1623, and 
from John Rowland of the "Mayflower," 
1620. 

Adolphus Washington Greely received 
a high school education, and at the out- 
break of the Civil War he enlisted as a 
private in the Nineteenth Massachusetts 
Volunteer Infantry Regiment, and was 
promoted to the rank of first sergeant. 
He was one of the "forlorn hope" in the 
bloody charge at Fredericksburg, Vir- 
ginia, where he was twice wounded, De- 
cember n, 1862. He was commissioned 
second lieutenant in the Eighty-first 
United States Colored Infantry, promoted 
to captain, and brevetted major. At the 
reorganization of the United States 
regular army he was commissioned 
second lieutenant, and was assigned to 
the Thirty-sixth United States Infantry, 
March 2, 1867; transferred to the Second 
Artillery, July 14, 1869, and detailed to 
construct about two thousand miles of 
military telegraph lines on the Indian and 
Mexican frontiers. He was next trans- 
ferred to the Fifth Cavalry, and was pro- 
moted captain, June n, 1886. He was 
designated as acting chief signal officer 
December n, 1886, and was commis- 
sioned brigadier-general and made chief 
signal officer, March 3, 1887. 

Assigned to the command of an Arctic 
expedition, afterward known by his name, 
he was sent by the government to estab- 
lish one of the international circumpolar 
stations, in which work eleven nations 
cooperated. On August 12, 1881, he land- 
ed a party of twenty-six men at Discovery 
Harbor, more than one thousand miles 
north of the Arctic circle, and within less 



than five hundred geographic miles of the 
pole, the discoveries of this expedition 
adding to the maps about six thousand 
square miles of land, heretofore unknown, 
showing inland Greenland to be a fertile 
country and surounded by ice-caps which 
terminated in Greely fiord, looking west- 
ward to the Polar sea. The northern 
journey made by Lieutenant James 
Booth Lockwood and Sergeant David L. 
Brainard, of the expedition, discovered 
a series of islands to the north of Green- 
land, and also discovered Cape Washing- 
ton, which was then the most northerly 
land known. The expedition left Dis- 
covery Harbor on August 9, 1883, in con- 
formity with orders, and after a distress- 
ing journey of fifty days reached Cape 
Sabine, where it was learned that the 
relief ship "Proteus" had been crushed 
by ice on July 23, 1883. The party took 
up quarters in a hut made of rocks and 
snow, with only six weeks' supply of 
food, and most of the men perished slow- 
ly of starvation, only six remaining alive 
when the relief ships "Thetis" and "Bear," 
under the command of Captain Winfield 
Scott Schley and William H. Emory, 
came to the rescue, June 22, 1884, after 
they had been for forty-two hours entire- 
ly without food. General Greely received 
the highest geographical honors for his 
explorations, and was awarded gold 
medals by the Royal Geographical Soci- 
ety and the Societe de Geographic. He 
was elected honorary vice-president of 
the Sixth and Seventh International Geo- 
graphical Congresses at London in 1896, 
and in Berlin in 1899; and also received 
a vote of thanks from the Legislature of 
Massachusetts, "for his services in war, 
in science and in exploration," and was 
officially thanked for the return of the 
British ensign, official despatches and 
Arctic mail. He directed the construc- 
tion of various important telegraph 



27 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



lines 3800 miles in Cuba, 250 miles in 
China, 1350 miles, including cables in the 
Philippines ; installed a system of 3900 
miles of telegraph lines, submarine cables 
and wireless in Alaska, the wireless sec- 
tion of 107 miles from Xome to St. 
Michael being the first successful long- 
distance wireless operated regularly as 
part of a commercial system. He served 
on various important governmental scien- 
tific boards and 1906 was in charge of 
relief operations at San Francisco, follow- 
ing the earthquake. He was placed on 
the retired list of the army in 1908. under 
the general law. He served as a delegate 
to various foreign and international con- 
ventions in the interests of telegraphy 
and wireless, and received gold medals 
from the Britsh and French Geographical 
societies. In 1911 he was a representaive 
of the United States at the coronation of 
King George V. of England. He i the 
author of : "Three Years of Arctic Serv- 
ice" (1886) and "American Weather," 
(1888), and many scientific reports and 
monographs. "The Rescue of Greely by 
Captain "W. S. Schley, United States 
Navy" (1885), gives a vivid account of 
the relief expedition. 



HITCHCOCK, Charles H., 

Geologist. 

Charles Henry Hitchcock was born at 
Amherst, Massachusetts, August 23, 1836, 
son of Edward and Orra (White) Hitch- 
cock, and a descendant of Luke Hitch- 
cock, who emigrated from England to 
Xew Haven, Connecticut, about 1640, 
where he served as a selectman of the 
town and a captain in the army. His son 
Luke married Sarah Burt, their son Luke 
married Martha Colton, their son Luke 
married Lucy Merrick, and their son Jus- 
tin, who married Mercy Hoyt, was the 
grandfather of Charles H. Hitchcock. His 



father (1793-1864) was a president of 
Amherst College. 

Charles Henry Hitchock was graduated 
at Amherst College in 1856, then attended 
Yale Theological School for a year, and 
Andover Theological Seminary, 1859-61, 
and was licensed to preach by the Norfolk 
Association in 1861. In 1857 he was ap- 
pointed assistant geologist of Vermont, 
and aided in preparing the "Report on 
the Geology of Vermont" (1861). He 
then became director of the geological 
survey of Maine, and published two "Re- 
ports on the Natural History and Ge- 
ology of the State of Maine" (1861-62). 
Meanwhile, during 1858-64, he lectured on 
zoology in Amherst College, and after a 
year of study at the Royal School of 
Mines, London, England, he was made 
non-resident Professor of Geology and 
Mineralogy at Lafayette College, 1866- 
70, and Professor of Geology and Miner- 
alogy in Dartmouth College. He was 
State Geologist of New Hampshire ten 
years. During the winter of 1870-71 he 
established a meteorological observatory 
on Mt. Washington, which has since been 
occupied by the United States signal 
service officials. He published several 
valuable memoirs upon the fossil tracks 
in the Connecticut valley, a subject he 
had carefully studied. 

Dr. Hitchcock is a member of the 
American Philosophical Society, and in 
1883 was vice-president of the American 
Association for the Advancement of 
Science. He prepared a geological map 
of the United States which has been 
adopted by geologists throughout the 
world, and was published both in the 
United States census reports and in Dr. 
Rossiter W. Raymond's "Resources of 
the United States" (1873). In 1881 he 
issued an improved map based on the 
edition of the official map of the United 
States land office. He has been a large 



28 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

contributor to scientific literature and reading at first with James G. Allen, of 

stands in the foremost rank of American Palmer, and later with John Wells and 

geologists. In addition to the reports Augustus L. Soule, of Springfield, both 

mentioned, he has published, with his of whom were afterward elevated to the 

father, "Elementary Geology" (1860) and Supreme Court bench. He was admitted 

"Mount Washington in Winter" (1871), to the Massachusetts bar in the latter part 

besides various cyclopedic articles. He of 1862, and later was admitted to prac- 

received the degrees of Ph. D. from tice in the Supreme Court of the United 

Lafayette College in 1870 and LL. D. States. In 1872-73 he was president of the 

from Amherst in 1896. common council of Springfield ; in 1878 

He was married, June 19, 1862, to was a representative in the lower house 

Martha Bliss, daughter of Professor E. of the Legislature, where he served on 

P. Barrows, of Andover, Massachusetts, the important committees on the judici- 

and on September 4, 1894, to Charlotte ary, the liquor law, State detective force, 

Malvina Barrows, sister of his first wife, and constitutional amendments ; and in 

He has two sons and three daughters. 1880-81 he represented the First Hamp- 

- den district in the Massachusetts Senate. 

direct r f the 



KNOWLTON, Marcus P., T 

Springfield & New London Railroad Corn- 

Lawyer, Jurist. pany . director of the City National Bank 

Marcus Perrin Knowlton was born in of Springfield ; and trustee and treasurer 

Wilbraham, Massachusetts, February 3, of the Springfield City Hospital. He was 

1839, son of Merrick and Fatima (Per- appointed a Justice of the Superior Court 

rin) Knowlton, grandson of Amasa and in August, 1881, was promoted to the Su- 

Margaret (Topliff) Knowlton, and sev- preme Judicial Court in 1887, to fill the 

enth in descent from William Knowlton, vacancy caused by the resignation of 

who with his mother and brothers, John Judge Gardner. In December, 1902, he 

and Thomas, settled in Ipswich, Massa- became Chief Justice, which position he 

chusetts, in 1632. occupied until 1911, when he resigned. 

Marcus P. Knowlton passed his boy- The honorary degree of LL. D. was 

hood on a farm at Monson, Massachu- conferred upon Judge Knowlton by Yale 

setts, to which his parents had moved University in 1895, an d by Harvard Uni- 

when he was a lad of five years. He be- versity in 1900. He was married, July 18, 

gan his education in the common schools, 1867, to Sophia, daughter of William and 

prepared for college at Monson Academy, Saba A. (Cushman) Ritchie, who died in 

and entered Yale College, from which he 1886. On May 21, 1891, he was married 

was graduated in 1860. Previous to en- to Rose Mary, daughter of Cyrus K. and 

tering upon his college course he had Susan Ladd, of Portland, Maine. 
taught a district school in the winter _j _ 

months, and while at Yale College he m * -D-B-VM T u <- n- TV/T T^ 

, _.., '' ., WARREN, John Collins, M. D., 
served as instructor m the Westfield 

(Massachusetts) Academy, and in the Professional instructor. 

Hopkins Grammar School, New Haven. John Collins Warren, Moseley Profess- 

In 1861 he became principal of the Union or of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, 

School at Norwalk, Connecticut. He en- was born on May 4, 1842, at No. 24 Pem- 

tered upon the study of law early in 1861, berton Square, Boston. His parents were 

29 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

Jonathan Mason Warren and Annie first victim taken from the water, with 

(Crowinshield) Warren, daughter of the a vividness which leaves no doubt about 

Hon. B. W. Crowinshield, at one time the impression made upon his mind. 

Secretary of the Navy of the United The following years were spent in 

States. Europe in recuperating J. Mason War- 

At the age of five John Collins Warren ren's health, and the son was schooled 

attended with his eldest sister a school for a year in Switzerland. Returning to 

kept by Miss Dwight in the steeple room Boston, young Warren was fitted for col- 

of the Park Street Church, Boston. A lege at Mr. Dixwell's school in Boylston 

year later he was entered as a pupil in D. Place, and was graduated A. B. from 

B. Tower's school, in the same building, Harvard in 1863. The last year at Cam- 

and continued as a pupil until 1852, when bridge was spent partly in the study of 

he joined the first sixth-class at the Bos- anatomy under Jefferies Wyman. After 

ton Latin School, although the rule was graduating, Warren went to Philadelphia, 

that boys would not be admitted until where he served in the South Street Army 

they were eleven years old. This famous Hospital as an acting medical cadet, at- 

school was then situated in Bedford street tending at the same time lectures at the 

and had as head-master Mr. Gardner. Jefferson Medical School. It was in those 

In a family so prominently identified years that the elder Gross and Pancoast 
with medicine we expect to find the sons were at the height of their professional 
taking an active part in the councils of careers. In the year following, Warren 
medical conventions. J. Mason Warren's attended lectures at the Harvard Medical 
father and grandfather had been for three- School, and while thus engaged, he and 
quarters of a century New England's other classmates responded to a call for 
most prominent surgeons. His father, acting assistant surgeons after the battle 
the elder J. Collins Warren, had been a of Cold Harbor, and went to White 
leader in directing the course of the House Landing, not far from Richmond, 
American Medical Association, the meet- where the wounded had been collected, 
ing of which in 1854 was held in New In the spring of 1865 he entered the Mas- 
York City, when the subject of this sachusetts General Hospital as house 
sketch, then a lad of twelve years, was pupil, and in the following year received 
permitted to accompany his father. The the M. D. degree from Harvard (1866). He 
return trip makes that convention memor- sailed immediately for Europe, going di- 
able. The "Norwalk Disaster" is as fresh rectly to Dresden to learn German. On 
to-day in the minds of our older physi- arriving there the six weeks' Prusso-Aus- 
cians as it was fifty years ago. The train trian war broke out, but concluded in 
was going at full speed when it plunged time for him to attend lectures at the open- 
into an open draw and narrowly avoided ing of the autumn semester in Vienna, 
crashing into a steamboat which had just The cholera was raging there at that time 
passed through. Sixty lives were lost, and the number of deaths daily is said to 
and everybody on the train in front of the have been one hundred. The opportunity 
Warren family, who occupied the centre of visiting regularly the cholera wards at 
section, was thrown into the river. J. the Allgemeines Krankenhaus was availed 
Mason Warren organized a corps of as- of. These, however, were the first and 
sistants and his son describes the detail the last cases of cholera he ever saw. He 
of their work, even to the name of the passed two winters in Vienna and at- 

30 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPH1 



tended the clinics of all the great masters 
of the period. 

The third year of Warren's stay in 
Europe was passed chiefly in Paris, includ- 
ing the winter of 1868-69. In the autumn 
of the latter year he began the practice of 
his profession at his father's old mansion 
house, No. 2 Park street, Boston. He 
shortly received an appointment as physi- 
cian to out-patients at the Massachusetts 
General Hospital, with the understanding 
that this would not interfere with transfer- 
rence later to the surgical department. The 
following year he became surgeon to out- 
patients, his two colleagues being C. A. 
Porter and H. H. A. Beach. Now for the 
first time surgeons were allowed to call 
upon the out-patient department for as- 
sistance in case of absence, and these 
young men were the first who were not 
full surgeons, to be allowed to perform 
surgical operations on in-patients. War- 
ren was appointed visiting surgeon to the 
hospital in 1876. He retired on account 
of the age limit rule in 1905. 

He was appointed Instructor in Sur- 
gery in the Medical School, April 28, 1871 ; 
Assistant Professor of Surgery on Febru- 
ary 13, 1882; Associate Professor March 
14, 1887, and Professor of Surgery May 
29, 1893. This professorship was named 
the Moseley Professorship of Surgery, 
June 28, 1899. In 1895 ne received the 
degree of LL. D. from the Jefferson 
Medical College of Philadelphia. He was 
president of the American Surgical Asso- 
ciation in 1897, and was elected an honor- 
ary fellow of the Royal College of Sur- 
geons of England at its centenary in 1900. 

He was married, in 1873, to Amy, 
daughter of G. Howland Shaw, and had 
two sons, John and Joseph. Dr. Warren 
is the author of "Healing of Arteries in 
Man and Animals," 1886, William Wood 
& Co. ; "Surgical Pathology and Thera- 
peutics," 1895, W. B. Saunders ; editor 
and author of "International Text Book 



of Surgery," 1902, W. B. Saunders & Co. 
Dr. Warren was one of the most active 
members of the faculty in developing and 
successfully carrying out the plans for a 
University of Medicine at Harvard. 



SARGENT, Charles S., 

Arboriculturist. 

Charles Sprague Sargent, an accom- 
plished arboriculturist, was born in Bos- 
ton, Massachusetts, April 24, 1841, son of 
Ignatius and Henrietta (Gray) Sargent, 
grandson of Samuel and Mary (Brooks) 
Gray, and a lineal descendant of William 
Sargent, who emigrated from Gloucester, 
England, previous to 1678. Another an- 
cestor, on the maternal side, was William 
Gray, a well-known merchant of Boston. 

Charles Sprague Sargent attended pri- 
vate schools in his native city, and this 
knowledge was supplemented by a course 
at Harvard University, from which insti- 
tution he was graduated in 1862. At the 
beginning of hostilities between the 
North and South, he offered his services 
to the United States government, joining 
the Federal army as first lieutenant in the 
Second Louisiana Infantry Regiment. He 
was subsequently commissioned captain 
and aide-de-camp, and assigned to duty 
with the headquarters staff of the Depart- 
ment of the Gulf, and remained in the 
service until August, 1865, when he was 
mustered out with the rank of brevet- 
major for "faithful and meritorious serv- 
ices" during the campaign against Mobile. 
The following three years were spent in 
traveling in Europe, during which period 
of time he devoted his time and attention 
to the subjects of horticulture and agri- 
culture ; was Professor of Horticulture, 
1872-73 ; director of Botanic Garden, 
1873-79. In 1872 he received the appoint- 
ment of first director of the Arnold Ar- 
boretum of Harvard University, in which 
capacity he was serving as late as 1905, 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

and in 1879 he was appointed Professor New England. The trees are disposed 
of Arboriculture in the same institution under forest conditions as far as possible, 
of learning. In the latter named year he although specimens of each variety are 
also began, under government auspices, a given full opportunity to develop in the 
complete survey of the forest areas of the open. Professor Sargent has been instru- 
United States, with special reference to mental in discovering and introducing 
the geographical distribution of various hardy varieties of trees and shrubs from 
species of trees and their commercial all temperate regions of the world, 
value. This work was of such great mag- In addition to the work already de- 
nitude that it extended over a period of scribed and which has proven so success- 
five years, and was of so thorough, a char- ful, Professor Sargent has been engaged 
acter that its results, embodied in the in other lines of activity which have 
"Report on the Forests of North America, proven equally successful. In 1888 he 
exclusive of Mexico," filled six hundred established a weekly paper, "Garden and 
quarto pages, being published as volume Forest," which he served as editor for 
nine of the "Final Reports of the Tenth nine years. He served as chairman of the 
Census of the United States." The sue- commission for the preservation of the 
cess of this work was the direct means Adirondack forests (1885), and of that 
of the establishment of the Bureau of appointed by the National Academy of 
Forestry of the Department of Agricul- Sciences to determine upon a policy for 
ture, and for this specific purpose nine- the management of the United States 
teen million acres of the public lands forestry lands (1896-97). He is the au- 
were set aside as perpetual forest re- thor of: "Catalogue of Forest Trees of 
serves, and the work of Professor Sargent North America" (1880) ; "Pruning Forests 
is largely responsible for the great ac- and Ornamental Trees of North America," 
tivity noticeable in late years in scientific translated from the French of Adolphe 
and practical forestry. Through the care- Des Cars (1881) ; "Report of the Forests 
ful and indefatigable planning of Profes- of North America" (1884) ; "The Woods 
sor Sargent, and through the generosity of the United States, with an Account of 
of Morris K. Jesup, of New York, the their Structure, Qualities and Uses" 
complete collection of American woods (1885) ; "Report of the Forest Commis- 
now on exhibition at the American Mu- sion of the State of New York" (1885) ; 
seum of Natural History, New York City, "Forest Flora of Japan" (1894); "Silva 
was made. This herculean task was be- of North America" (14 vols., 1891-1902) ; 
gun in 1880 and consummated in 1900, "Trees and Shrubs" (vol. i, 1903) ; "A 
the intervening twenty years being years Manual of the Trees of North America" 
of constant effort. As head of the Arnold (1905), and other works. Professor Sar- 
Arboretum, Professor Sargent has accom- gent received the degree of LL. D. from 
plished a work of the utmost importance Harvard University, 1901. He holds 
to dendrological science. As an institu- membership in the Park Commission, 
tion for thorough training in this neces- town of Brookline ; National Academy of 
sary science, it is unique both in the ar- Sciences ; foreign member of the National 
rangement of its large collection and in Society of Agriculture, France ; foreign 
the extent and completeness of the ex- honorary member Deutsche Dentrologi- 
perimental work in planting, pruning and cal Gesellschaft ; member of the Scottish 
cultivating all varieties of trees and Arboricultural Society ; fellow of the 
shrubs that are hardy in the climate of American Academy of Arts and Sciences ; 

32 



.. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



member of the American Philosophical 
Society; president of the Massachusetts 
Society for the Promotion of Agriculture 
since 1890; and vice-president of the 
Massachusetts Horticultural Society. 

Professor Sargent married, November 
23, 1873, Mary Allen, daughter of Andrew 
and Mary (Allen) Robeson, of Boston. 
Five children were born to them. 



CUTTER, William R., 

Genealogist, Antiquarian. 

William Richard Cutter is a direct de- 
scendant of Elizabeth Cutter, a widow, 
who came to New England about 1640 
and died in Cambridge, Massachusetts, 
January 10, 1663 (1663-64). In her will 
she gave her age as about eighty-seven 
years, but as she lived about two years 
longer, she was at death aged about 
eighty-nine. She dwelt with her daugh- 
ter in Cambridge about twenty years. 
Three of her children emigrated to this 
country : William, who after living in 
America about seventeen years, returned 
to his former home in Newcastle-upon- 
Tyne, in England ; Richard, the founder 
of the Cutter family in America; and 
Barbara, her daughter, who came to this 
country unmarried, and later married Mr. 
Elijah Corlet, the schoolmaster of Cam- 
bridge. In a relation Elizabeth made be- 
fore the church she is called "Old Good- 
wife Cutter," and she made a statement 
to the effect that she was born in some 
small place without a church, near New- 
castle-upon-Tyne. She "knew not" her 
father, who may have died in her infancy, 
but her mother sent her, when she was old 
enough, to Newcastle, where she was 
placed in a "godly family," where she 
remained for about seven years, when she 
entered another where the religious privi- 
leges were less. Her husband died, and 
she was sent to Cambridge, New Eng- 
land, and came thither in a time of sick- 

MASS Vol. 43 33 



ness and through many sad troubles by 
sea. What her maiden name was is not 
known to the present writer. From her 
own statement the inference is drawn 
that her mother at least was in humble 
circumstances. She had with her in 
Cambridge a sister or a sister-in-law, a 
widow named Mrs. Isabella Wilkinson, 
who undoubtedly was from Newcastle- 
upon-Tyne. There is more known of the 
Cutters in Newcastle, where it is said an 
English antiquary has discovered the 
name of the grandfather of William and 
Richard Cutter, and this information is 
as yet withheld from us. 

Richard Cutter, son of Elizabeth, died 
in Cambridge, Massachusetts, at the age 
of about seventy-two, June 16, 1693. His 
brother, William, had died in England be- 
fore this time. Richard was under age 
and probably unmarried when he came to 
America. He was one of the first to build 
a house outside of the settlement, in that 
part of Cambridge called Menotomy, and 
his house for defense against the Indians 
was furnished with flankers. In Decem- 
ber, 1675, he sent his two sons, Ephraim 
and Gershom, and his stepsons, Isaac and 
Jacob Amsden, to the severe campaign in 
Rhode Island which culminated in the 
Narragansett fight, in which a great part 
of the New England military were en- 
gaged. Richard Cutter was twice mar- 
ried : (First) about 1644, to Elizabeth Wil- 
liams, who died March 5, 1661-62, aged 
about forty-two years (gravestone) ; she 
was the daughter of Robert Williams, of 
Roxbury, and his wife, Elizabeth (Stal- 
ham) Williams; (second) February 14, 
1662-63, to Frances (Perriman) Amsden, 
parentage unknown ; she was the widow 
of Isaac Amsden, and survived Richard 
Cutter's decease, and died before July 10, 
1728. Fourteen children, seven by each 
wife. 

Elizabeth, eldest daughter and child of 
Richard Cutter, married William Robin- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



son, and several of her descendants be- 
came famous as governors. She probably 
died a long time before her father, and 
was omitted in his will. Two of her sons 
laid claim to their share of their grand- 
father Cutter's estate at a later period. 
William Robinson, Jonathan Robinson, 
and Elizabeth Gregory, and also Samuel 
Robinson, children of Elizabeth Robin- 
son, daughter of Richard Cutter, quit- 
claimed their rights to their grandfather 
Richard Cutter's estate. "William Robin- 
son died in 1693. 

William Cutter, third son and fourth 
child of Richard Cutter, the immigrant, 
was a thriving farmer, and died in Cam- 
bridge. April i, 1723, in the seventy-fourth 
year of his age (gravestone). He was 
father of ten children by his wife. Re- 
becca, daughter of John Rolfe and his 
wife, Mary Scullard. Rebecca (Rolfe) 
Cutter married (second) John Whitmore, 
Sr., of Medford, and died November 13, 
1751. aged ninety. 

John Cutter, second son and fifth child 
of William, born October 15. 1690, died 
January 21, 1776, in his eighty-sixth year, 
and thirty-seventh in his office as a dea- 
con. He was a farmer. He married 
Lydia Harrington ; she was formerly of 
Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England, and she 
died January 7, 1755, in her sixty-fourth 
year. Eleven children. 

Ainmi Cutter, tenth child of John, born 
October 27, 1733, died April 19. 1795, in 
his sixty-second year. He was a farmer 
and a miller, and had three wives and 
twenty-one children. By his first wile, 
Esther Pierce, he had ten children, the 
ninth of whom was Ephraim Cutter, born 
October 31. 1767, died March 31, 1841, 
who by his wife, Deborah Locke, had 
fourteen children, the tenth of whom was 
Benjamin Cutter, a physician, born June 
4. 1803. died March 9. 1864, vvho by his 
wife, Man,- Whittemore. had six children, 



the youngest of whom was William Rich- 
ard Cutter, born in Woburn, August 17, 
1847, tne immediate subject of this narra- 
tive. 

Mr. Cutter was educated in the public 
schools of his native town until his 
fifteenth year, when he was sent to the 
Warren Academy in Woburn, where he 
remained until April, 1865, when he en- 
tered Norwich (Vermont) University 
the institution now situated at Northfield, 
Vermont, and known as the Military Col- 
lege of the State of Vermont. When at 
the Warren Academy he commanded 
(1863-1865) a corps of cadets known as 
the Warren Cadets. He performed his 
share of duty at the Norwich Military 
University during the two years of 1865 
and 1866, and leaving there in the latter 
year he returned to Woburn. where he 
pursued his studies under a private in- 
structor. In the fall of 1867 he entered 
the Sheffield Scientific School of Yale 
University at New Haven, Connecticut, 
as a special student, and left there in 1869. 
In the meantime, having access to the 
large college library at Yale, he became 
interested in the study of history and 
more especially genealogy, as he had the 
use of a larger and more valuable collec- 
tion of books here than he had ever had 
before, and he decided to publish a his- 
tory of the Cutter family, and issued, 
while at New Haven, his proposals for 
that work. He traveled extensively in 
his pursuit of material, and published his 
book at Boston in 1871, under the title of 
"A Historv of the Cutter Familv of New 

V 1 

England.'' 

He was married, on August 31, 1871, to 
Mary Elizabeth, daughter of Daniel Kim- 
ball, teacher, editor, and lecturer, and his 
first wife. Mary Ann (Ames) Kimball, and 
a granddaughter of Rev. David Tenney 
Kimball. for upwards of sixty years min- 
ister of a church in Ipswich, Massachu- 



34 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



setts. One child, Sarah Hamlen, was 
born to them, July 25, 1873, but died April 
26, 1890. Another died in infancy in 1880. 

In 1871 Mr. Cutter removed his resi- 
dence to Lexington, Massachusetts, and 
devoted himself for ten years to various 
pursuits. While at Lexington he pre- 
pared and published a "History of the 
Town of Arlington, Massachusetts," 
which was issued from the press in 1880. 
This work contained a very full gene- 
alogy of the early inhabitants, and copies 
are now scarce. At Lexington also he 
edited, with notes, his article for the 
"New England Historical and Genealogi- 
cal Register," entitled "Journal of a For- 
ton Prisoner, England, 1777-1779," whose 
length caused its publication to extend 
through the numbers of that periodical 
from April, 1876, to January, 1879. While 
at Lexington also he prepared a sketch of 
Arlington, which was printed under his 
name in Drake's "History of Middlesex 
County" (1880). 

During his residence in Lexington he 
held the office by successive elections of 
clerk of the Hancock Congregational 
Church, and for seven years from 1875 
that of member and clerk of the town 
school committee, and in connection with 
the last named office that of trustee of the 
Cary Free Public Library, being for a 
greater part of that time clerk and treas- 
urer of that board. In 1882 he was 
elected librarian of the Woburn Public 
library in his native city, and, assuming 
his duties on March I, of that year, re- 
moved at once to Woburn. He has served 
on the nominating committee of the Mas- 
sachusetts Library Club, of which he was 
one of the original members, and has 
been one of its vice-presidents. In Wo- 
burn he has held the office of secretary of 
the trustees of Warren Academy since 
1885, and that of trustee, clerk, and treas- 
urer of the Burbeen Free Lecture Fund 



since 1892. He is also one of the vice- 
presidents of the Rumford Historical As- 
sociation of \Voburn, and is a member of 
the Massachusetts Society of Colonial 
Wars. He has been a vice-president of 
the Boston Alumni Association of Nor- 
wich University, and since 1870 a resi- 
dent member of the New England His- 
toric-Genealogical Society. He has writ- 
ten much for the publications of the 
Genealogical Society, and has held a posi- 
tion on its governing council, and in 1906 
was elected its historian. He has edited 
for the Massachusetts Historical Society 
a section of Hon. Mellen Chamberlain's 
"History of Chelsea," making a greater 
part of the second volume of that monu- 
mental work. He has prepared three 
volumes of the Towne Memorial Biogra- 
phies, published by the New England 
Historic-Genealogical Society. In 1906 
Mr. Cutter was elected by the Lewis His- 
torical Publishing Company as editor of 
two of their publications. 

Since 1882, in his leisure from the 
urgent work of his library position, Mr. 
Cutter has written much for the news- 
papers and periodical press, and has writ- 
ten or edited a number of works of 
greater or less extent. Among them are 
sketches of the city of Woburn, and of 
the towns of Burlington and Winchester, 
for Kurd's "History of Middlesex County," 
1890; "Contributions to a Bibliography 
of the Local History of Woburn," 1892, 
with additional mateiial, 1893; "Diary of 
Lieut. Samuel Thompson of W r oburn, 
while in service in the French War, 1785" 
(with copious notes), 1896; "Life and 
Humble Confession of Richardson, the 
Informer" (fifty copies printed), 1894; 
"A Model Village Library" (an article 
descriptive of the Woburn Public Li- 
brary) in "New England Magazine," Feb- 
ruary, 1890; "Woburn Historic Sites and 



35 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Old Houses," 1892; etc. He received the 
degree of A. M. from Norwich University 
in 1893. 



RICHARDSON, William L., M. D., 

Professional Instructor. 

William Lambert Richardson, A. M., 
M. D., Dean of the Faculty of Medicine, 
Professor of Obstetrics, Harvard Medical 
School, son of Jeffrey and Julia Lambert 
(Brackett) Richardson, was born in Bos- 
ton, September 6, 1842. He fitted for col- 
lege at the Boston Private Latin School, 
of which E. S. Dixwell was the head. He 
received the degree of A. B. from Har- 
vard University in 1864 and the degree 
of A. M. in 1867. 

In the fall of 1864 he entered the Har- 
vard Medical School, where he remained 
till May i, 1866, when, having received the 
appointment of house physician in the 
Massachusetts General Hospital, he en- 
tered on the duties of that office, which 
he held till May I, 1867. He then re- 
entered the Medical School, and re- 
ceived the degree of Doctor of Medicine, 
July 17, 1867. After a special examina- 
tion, held June i, 1867, he was admitted 
a fellow of the Massachusetts Medical 
Society. He sailed for Europe July 3ist, 
and spent the winter in Dublin as a stu- 
dent in the School of Physic (University 
of Dublin) and as an externe at the Ro- 
tunda (Dublin) Lying-in Hospital. After 
passing an examination at the latter insti- 
tution, he received, April 3, 1868, the de- 
gree of L. M. (Licentiate of Midwifery), 
and a special diploma for excellence in 
obstetrics. From April to October he 
devoted himself to the study of the Ger- 
man language, principally at Berlin, Nau- 
heim (on the Rhine), and Dresden, and 
reached Vienna in October, where he re- 
sumed the study of medicine in the 
Imperial Hospital. Leaving Vienna in 
March, 1869, h e spent the following 



spring and summer in traveling in Italy, 
Sicily, Greece, Turkey, Austria, Germany, 
Switzerland, and France. He arrived home 
in October, 1869, and opened an office for 
the practice of medicine in Boston, Febru- 
ary i, 1870. 

He was appointed, September 28, 1870, 
one of the district physicians of the Bos- 
ton Dispensary, and two years later was 
made a member of the staff on duty at 
the central office. He was elected June 
2, 1871, one of the physicians to out- 
patients of the Massachusetts General 
Hospital, and was elected December 28, 
1883, one of the visiting physicians of 
that hospital. He held this position until 
he resigned, and was elected February 
20, 1903, one of the consulting physicians. 
In the spring of 1872 he was appointed 
one of the physicians of the Children's 
Hospital. In December, 1872, he was ap- 
pointed visiting physician of the Boston 
Lying-in Hospital. In the spring of 1873 
he was appointed one of the medical in- 
spectors connected with the Board of 
Health of the city of Boston, which office 
he resigned in the summer of 1883. Dur- 
ing July, August, and September, 1875, 
he acted as secretary pro tempore of the 
Massachusetts State Board of Health dur- 
ing the absence of the secretary, Dr. C. F. 
Folsom. The following year he pre- 
pared for the State Board of Health "A 
Summary of Seven Years' Work of the 
State Board of Health of Massachusetts," 
which was published by the board. He 
was appointed, February 4, 1885, by the 
mayor, a member of an advisory com- 
mittee to consult with the Board of 
Health in regard to the anticipated out- 
break of cholera, and at the first meeting 
of the committee he was chosen secretary. 
In February, 1874, having passed through 
a severe attack of diphtheria, he resigned 
his positions at the Dispensary and Chil- 
dren's Hospital. 

March 28, 1874, he became one of the 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



councillors of the Massachusetts Medical 
Society, and for several years held the 
chairmanship of the committee on medi- 
cal diplomas. In 1887 he was elected an- 
niversary chairman. During the univer- 
sity year, from September 29, 1871, to 
July, 1872, he held the position of inspec- 
tor pro tcmporc in obstetrics in the Har- 
vard Medical School. He was appointed, 
December I, 1874, as Instructor in Ob- 
stetrics for the current year. He was 
appointed, October n, 1875, Instructor in 
Clinical Midwifery; and March 12, 1877, 
the title of the position was changed to 
that of Instructor in Obstetrics. He was 
appointed, September i, 1882, Assistant 
Professor in Obstetrics; and January n, 
1886, he was made Professor of Obstetrics. 
He was elected dean of the Medical Fac- 
ulty, November 13, 1893. When the Medi- 
cal, Dental, and Veterinary Schools were 
placed under one Faculty of Medicine, he 
was elected dean of the combined faculty, 
November 27, 1899. He was appointed 
by the Governor, May 16, 1888, a trustee 
of the Perkins Institution and Massachu- 
setts School for the Blind. 

He joined the First Corps of Cadets, 
Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, March 
i, 1864; was appointed corporal, Decem- 
ber 12, 1865 ; hospital steward, September 
4, 1871 ; and was commissioned surgeon, 
November 6, 1875. He was appointed 
April 25, 1881, a member of the medical 
board of examiners, and held the position 
several years, when he resigned. Resign- 
ing his position as surgeon, he was retired 
April 22, 1899, with the rank of lieuten- 
ant-colonel. He was treasurer of the 
Cadet Armory Fund, and a member of 
the board of trustees. He was elected, 
April 13, 1870, a director of the Boston 
Young Men's Christian Union, and April 
12, 1871, was elected treasurer. He was 
elected a trustee, April 16, 1892. He was 
for some years one of the physicians of 



the St. Joseph's Home ; the physician of 
the Children's Mission; a director of the 
Farm School on Thompson's Island ; one 
of the directors of the Adams Nervine 
Asylum, of the Boston Training School 
for Nurses ; and a member of the execu- 
tive committee of the Boston Medical 
Library Association. He was the treas- 
urer of the Massachusetts Medical Be- 
nevolent Society, and of the Lodge of St. 
Andrews. 

He is a member of the following clubs 
and societies: Union, Somerset, Algon- 
quin, St. Botolph, Tavern, Athletic, Coun- 
try, University Club of New York, Ameri- 
can Academy of Arts and Sciences (May 
27, 1879), Boston Society for Medical Im- 
provement, Boston Society of Medical 
Sciences, American Gynaecological So- 
ciety, Obstetrical Society of London 
(1872), and an honorary member (June 
29, 1876) of the Phi Beta Kappa. 



THE WEST FAMILY. 

"Francis West, a house carpenter by 
trade, being a single man, invited by a 
Mr. Thomas, of Marshfield, Massachu- 
setts, left the town of Salisbury, England, 
and came to New England, and settled in 
Duxbury, Massachusetts, and there mar- 
ried Margery Reeves. They had five 
children : Samuel, Thomas, Peter, Mary 
and Ruth." So writes Zebulon West 
(1707-70), a great-grandson of the emi- 
grant. Francis West is spoken of as a 
carpenter in the Duxbury records. In 
1640 and 1642 he was a member of the 
grand jury ; in the latter year he pur- 
chased a house and land in Duxbury 
(Millbrook); he was admitted a freeman 
in Plymouth Colony in 1656; in 1658 he 
was a surveyor of highways in Duxbury ; 
constable in 1661, and in 1662-69-74-78- 
80-81 was a member of the "Grand Con- 
quest." He married, in Duxbury, Febru- 
ary 27, 1639, Margaret Reeves, and died 



37 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

there, January 2, 1692, at the age of Chester Gray, and Jerusha, married Judah 
eighty-six years. Children, probably born Taylor, of Ashfield. 2. Dan, born De- 
inDuxbury: Samuel, of further mention ; cember 31, 1741; married, June 13, 1771, 
Dr. Thomas, born 1646; Peter; Mary; Mary Cook; went to Old Hadley, Mas- 
Ruth, married Nathaniel Skiff, and died sachusetts, died there ; left a large family, 
December 31, 1741, at the age of ninety, including a son, Thomas, born in 1773. 3. 

(II) Samuel West, son of Francis and David, born February 4, 1744, in Becket, 
Margery (Margaret) (Reeves) West, was Massachusetts, died July 3, 1798; married 
born in 1643, an d died May 8, 1689. He a Miss Randall ; children : Horace, Rus- 
lived in Duxbury, Massachusetts, where sell, Erastus, Lloyd and Perry. 4. Rufus, 
he was constable in 1674. He married, born May 16, 1745, died young. 5. Abel, 
September 26, 1668, Triphosa Partridge, of further mention. 6. Hannah, born Sep- 
who died November i, 1701, daughter of tember 2, 1749. 

George and Sarah (Tracy) Partridge, (V) Abel West, son of John (2) and Re- 
first settlers of Duxbury. Children: beka (Abel) West, was born May 6, 1747, 
Francis, born November 13, 1669, mar- an d died in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, Jan- 
ried Marcia Miner; Jeuen, born Septem- U ary 12, 1836. He married Hannah Chap- 
ber 8, 1671, died December 29, 1671 ; Sam- ma n, of Vernon, born April 2, 1753, and 
uel, born December 23, 1672, married they had children : John Chapman, born in 
Martha Delano; Peletiah, born March 8, Vernon, Connecticut, June 4, 1775, died 
1674, married, July 12, 1722, Elizabeth May 26, 1776; Hannah, born December 
Chandler, died December 7, 1756; Eben- 7, 1777, at Vernon; Abel, Jr., of further 
ezer, born July 22, 1676; John, of fur- mention; Rhoda, born in Vernon, Sep- 
ther mention; Abigail, born September tember 27, 1782; Almira, born at Wash- 
26, 1682, married, 1714, Nathaniel Cole; ington, Massachusetts, July 21, 1790; 
Bathsheba. Betsey, born at Washington, May 14, 

(III) John West, son of Samuel and 1792; Laura, born at Washington, July 
Triphosa (Partridge) West, was born 21, 1798. 

March 6, 1679, an d died in Lebanon, Con- (VI) Abel (2) West, son of Abel (i) 

necticut, November 17,1741. He married and Hannah (Chapman) West, was born 

Deborah - . Children : Joshua, born at Vernon, Connecticut, November 27, 

December 17, 1708; Hannah, July 13, 1780, and died February 2, 1871. After 

1710; Nathan, November 10, 1712; John, his marriage Mr. West made his home in 

of further mention; Priscilla, July 17, Washington, Massachusetts, for a time, 

1717, died in 1730; Dorothy, September but about the year 1808 removed to Pitts- 

10, 1719, died in 1730; Solomon, March field. He hired out his services to Colo- 

15, 1723, married Abigail Strong, died nel Simon Larned, and by living frugally 

August 21, 1790; Caleb, July 3, 1726. and economically he amassed a sufficient 

(IV) John (2) West, son of John (i) capital to enable him, in 1816, to purchase 
and Deborah West, was born March 12, a farm, and on this he resided until his 
1715. He married, November 8, 1738, death. He married, in 1808, Matilda 
Rebeka Abel, and they had children: i. Thompson, who was born in Pelham, 
John, born August 8, 1739; went to Clare- Massachusetts, July 9, 1782, died May 10, 
mont, New Hampshire, married and had 1866; she was the daughter of Thomas 
a large family of children: Roby, Rebecca, and Martha (Smith) Thompson; her 
Polly, Mary, Rosswell, Hannah, married father, Thomas Thompson, who died at 

38 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the age of one hundred and three years, 
seven months, three days, was a British 
soldier, coming over in Burgoyne's army. 
Children of Mr. and Mrs. West: i. 
Charles Edwin, born February 23, 1809, 
in Washington, Massachusetts, died in 
Brooklyn, New York, March 9, 1900; at 
the age of eighteen years he commenced 
teaching, and although he had been edu- 
cated in medical and legal lore, he re- 
mained devoted to the cause of peda- 
gogy ; was the first one to receive the 
degree of Doctor of Pedagogy bestowed 
by the State Regent of New York 
State, making the higher education of 
women his especial care; he was the 
first principal of Rutgers Female Insti- 
tute in 1839, took charge of the Buffalo 
Female Seminary in 1851, and from 1859 
to 1889 was in charge of the Brooklyn 
Heights Seminary; the degree of Master 
of Arts was conferred upon him by Union 
and Columbia colleges, that of Doctor of 
Medicine by the University of the City of 
New York, and that of Doctor of Laws 
by Rutgers ; he was elected a fellow of 
the Royal Antiquarian Society of Den- 
mark in 1849, an d was a member of the 
American Ethnological, the American 
Philological, the New York Historical, 
the Long Island Historical, and the Berk- 
shire Historical societies ; the New York 
Century Club, and a variety of other edu- 
cational and learned organizations ; some 
of his childhood years had been spent at 
Pittsfield, and he always afterward spent 
a portion of his summer vacations there, 
taking the greatest interest in its agri- 
cultural welfare, and being himself an ex- 
hibitor at the county fairs ; he married 
(first) 1835, Antoinette Gregory, of Al- 
bany, New York ; (second) Elizabeth 
Green Giles, of Worcester, Massachu- 
setts. 2. John Chapman, whose sketch 
follows. 3. Harriet Matilda, born in 
Washington, Massachusetts, May 22, 



1813, died in Brooklyn, New York, March 
17, 1886; she married, September 17, 1857, 
David Campbell, of Sandusky, Ohio, edi- 
tor of the "Sandusky Herald." 4. Wil- 
liam Thompson, born in Washington, 
Massachusetts, January 15, 1815, died in 
Sandusky, Ohio, June 13, 1899; he mar- 
ried, January 23, 1844, at Sandusky, Ma- 
hala Todd, who died December 24, 1902 ; 
children : i. Mary Campbell, born March 
5, 1847, died January 27, 1852. ii. William 
Gilbert, born at Sandusky, Ohio, April 26, 
1850, died at Petersburg, Virginia, April 
17, 1913; he owned the farm where the 
battle of Petersburg was fought; he mar- 
ried, in August, 1909, Cora Textor, of 
Sandusky, and has one child, William Gil- 
bert, Jr., born in 1910. iii. King David, 
born June 9, 1853, was drowned in San- 
dusky Bay, in early manhood, iv. Jennie 
Matilda, born in Sandusky, November 30, 
1855 ; married, October 18, 1877, m San- 
dusky, Charles Livingston Hubbard, and 
has children : Eleanor, born October 5, 
1878; Milicent, born September 21, 1880, 
married a Mr. Crosskill ; Marion, born 
September 13, 1882; Jenna, born May 29, 
1884. v. Carrie Antoinette, born October 
28, 1859; married (first) Walter Jordan 
and has one son, \Valter West, born 
October 4, 1889; married (second) Dr. 
- Smith, of Overbrook, Pennsylva- 
nia, vi. George Campbell, born April 26, 
1861, in Sandusky, Ohio, died March 16, 
1910, at Chicago, Illinois; he married, 
September 24, 1896, Mary C. Colver. 5. 
Abel Kingsbury, born at Pittsfield, Mas- 
sachusetts, October 22, 1817, died at San- 
dusky, Ohio, April 16, 1880; he married, 
September 13, 1860, Caroline Elizabeth 
Wood, of Lebanon, New Hampshire ; 
children: i. Harriet Campbell, born at 
Sandusky, Ohio, July 16, 1861. unmarried, 
ii. Mary Kingston, born at Sandusky, 
November 13, 1863; married, April 14, 
1891, George Frederick Anderson, and 



39 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



has Marjorie, born at Sandusky, March 8, 
1892. 6. Thomas Dennison, born at Pitts- 
field, Massachusetts, April 7, 1820, died 
September 3, 1881 ; he married, February 
22, 1843, Ann Maria Francis, and had one 
child, Robert Francis, born March 9, 1844, 
died August 12, 1873, married, December 
8, 1869, at Sandusky, Julia Bell, and had 
one child, Bell Francis, born February 28, 
1871. 7. Gilbert, born January i, 1823; 
he received his education in Pittsfield, and 
upon reaching the age of manhood en- 
tered the store of his brother, John Chap- 
man West, the firm at the time being 
Tracy & West, located on East street, and 
there he remained two years as a clerk; 
in 1843 ne purchased the interest of Mr. 
Tracy and the firm name was changed to 
John C. West & Brother, being conducted 
under this style until the death of John C. 
in 1893, making fifty years of uninter- 
rupted partnership ; since that time Gil- 
bert West has continued the business 
under the old firm name of John C. West 
& Brother; he has been an active citizen 
of Pittsfield, following the example of his 
brother, John C., in building extensively, 
and is a large real estate owner, he and 
his brother having developed large tracts 
of land, laid out streets, etc. ; some years 
ago Mr. \Vest was one of the city's as- 
sessors, and for more than thirty years he 
was a member of the board of the fire de- 
partment of Pittsfield ; he is a member of 
the First Congregational Church, and for 
more than thirty years was the librarian 
of the Sunday school ; for many years he 
has been a member of the board of di- 
rectors of the Pittsfield Cemetery Asso- 
ciation ; he married Elizabeth Goodrich, 
born in Pittsfield in 1826, died in October, 
1913, a daughter of Orin and Mary (Bogg) 
Goodrich ; they had children : i. William 
Bogg, born in 1852, died unmarried in 
1913. ii. Arthur G., died at about the age 
of three years, iii. Harry G , born in 1862 ; 



married Mary F. Waite, born in Pittsfield, 
a daughter of Dr. Lorenzo Waite ; chil- 
dren : Frances Elizabeth, Gilbert Lorenzo 
and William Bradford. 



WEST, John Chapman, 

Successful Merchant. 

(VII) John Chapman West, son of 
Abel (2) and Matilda (Thompson) West, 
was born at Washington, Massachusetts, 
March 9, 1811, and died at Pittsfield, 
Massachusetts, November 8, 1893. He 
attended the schools of Pittsfield, and 
was there reared to manhood. There was 
a brick yard on the West farm, and John 
C. became an adept in the art of making 
bricks, following that occupation during 
the summer months, and to occupy the 
winter months he learned the trade of 
shoemaking with John Brown, a well- 
known shoemaker and dealer in those 
days. In 1836 Mr. West opened a shoe 
store in Pittsfield in association with J. 
and E. Peck, and three years later he, 
with Doriah Tracy, took the old Bissell 
store on the public square and com- 
menced a general business. His brother, 
Gilbert West, joined him later, the in- 
terest of Mr. Tracy was purchased, and 
the building and the site on which it was 
located became the property of John C. 
West. In 1850 West's Block was erected, 
and the brothers remained associated in 
business until the death of John C. West. 
Mr. West was a man of uncommon physi- 
cal strength, a captain of the Berkshire 
Grays, a militia company which gained 
especial prominence in training days. He 
was the first foreman of the earliest hand 
engine company, the Housatonic, and 
subsquently became chief engineer of the 
Pittsfield fire department. Mr. West as- 
sisted in the formation of the Pittsfield 
National Bank, and was for many years 
a member of the board of directors, rarely 



40 



t r*- ^ < > . 

fS XEW YOR; 



- 






^y 







- - -i.-^ T _' f B^=-- 







ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



absenting himself from meetings. He was 
a director in the Berkshire County Sav- 
ings Bank and the Mutual Fire Insurance 
Company, serving as president of the 
latter for many years. He was for years 
a director in the Pittsfield Cemetery Cor- 
poration, his advice being especially help- 
ful in developing a most beautiful burial 
ground. For many years he was a mem- 
ber of the parish of the First Congrega- 
tional Church, and sang in the choir for 
half a century ; he was chairman of the 
committee that built the present church. 
He was always an enthusiastic Democrat, 
and during the war was known as a wai 
Democrat, and served two terms in the 
Legislature. Many Pittsfield streets were 
laid out and more than one hundred and 
fifty buildings were erected by John C. 
West & Brother. He was elected a mem- 
ber of the Board of Selectmen in 1853, re- 
elected in 1856, and then reflected for 
nineteen successive terms, being always 
chosen chairman of the board. He was 
active in securing the removal of the 
county buildings to Pittsfield, thereby 
making this the county seat, and in 
obtaining desirable sites for them. Dur- 
ing the Civil War he was very active and 
rendered excellent service by recruiting 
and organizing companies; he was offered 
a colonelcy of a Massachusetts regiment 
but declined, believing he could be of 
greater service as a private citizen, and 
later he was instrumental in erecting a 
fitting monument to commemorate the 
heroism of the fallen soldiers. 

Mr. West married (first) in Pittsfield, 
February 17, 1836, Clarissa J. Root, born 
in Pittsfield, in October, 1815, died in the 
same city, March 21, 1842, a daughter of 
Henry and Thankful (Ashley) Root. 
They had one child, Charles Edwin, 
whose sketch follows. Mr. West married 
(second) in New York City, January n, 
1844, Maria L. Goodrich, born in Pitts- 



field, January 3, 1816. Of this marriage 
there were children: I. John Kingsbury, 
born in Pittsfield, January 27, 1847; mar- 
ried (first) October 20, 1875, Jessie Camp- 
bell, who died in Chicago, January 25, 
1903 ; no children ; married (second) in 
Detroit, Minnesota, in 1905, Agnes 
Brownjohn ; no children. 2. Dr. Frank 
Elliott, whose sketch follows. 3. Frede- 
rick Thomas, whose sketch follows. 4. 
George Herbert, born in Pittsfield, April 
16, 1859, died in the same city, July 23, 
1881, unmarried. 



WEST, Charles Edwin, 

Financier, Enterprising Citizen. 

Charles Edwin West, son of John Chap- 
man and Clarissa J. (Root) West, was 
born in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, Novem- 
ber 4, 1838. His early education was ac- 
quired in Pittsfield, where he was gradu- 
ated from the high school in the class of 
1855, from whence he went to the Willis- 
ton Seminary, at East Hampton, Massa- 
chusetts, and graduated from that insti- 
tution in 1857. Subsequently he matricu- 
lated at Williams College, as a member of 
the class of 1861, but ill health compelled 
him to leave that institution before his 
graduation. He became a clerk in a store 
at Pontoosuc and remained there a short 
time, then went to Sandusky, Ohio, where 
he was in the employ of his uncles, Wil- 
liam T. and Abel K. West. At the break- 
ing out of the Civil War he joined a three 
months' company, but later returned to 
Pittsfield, and soon engaged in the manu- 
facture of Balmoral skirts, operating six- 
teen hand looms, in a tenement house 
building. Later, in association with W. J. 
Hawkins and Christopher Glennon, under 
the firm name of Hawkins, West & Com- 
pany (1865), he built a woolen mill in 
Dalton, Massachusetts, where they manu- 
factured woolen cloth successfully until 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1885, during which time Mr. West made 
his home in Dalton, having purchased the 
old David Carson homestead. In 1884 he 
went to Nebraska, and there saw what he 
considered a good opening for a bank, 
and established in Albion, Boone county, 
Nebraska, the Albion State Bank. Later 
he organized the First National Bank, 
which absorbed the Albion State Bank, 
and also the Boone County Bank, and this 
has continued successfully since that time. 
He has been its president for some years, 
and associated with him, as cashier and 
vice-president, is Frank S. Thompson, one 
of the able financiers of Nebraska. Mr. 
West has seen the town grow from two 
hundred residents to more than twenty- 
five hundred. He has been very active in 
its development, building many blocks 
and greatly benefiting the town. He pre- 
sented the county with the tower clock 
for the county court house, which is lo- 
cated in Albion, gave the organ to the 
Congregational church in Albion, and has 
been one of the leading spirits of the town, 
although he makes his home in Pitts- 
field, Massachusetts, and divides his time 
between the two places. In former years 
he invested in farm land in three different 
counties in Nebraska, Butler, Howard 
and Boone, and cultivated these farms 
until three years ago, when he abandoned 
this form of industry. It was through his 
instrumentality that Albion was one of 
the recipients of a Carnegie Library, and 
he has been active in obtaining books for 
its shelves. Mr. West was treasurer and 
manager of the General Electric Manu- 
facturing Company of New York City for 
a number of years, manufacturing arc 
lights and electric machinery, and in this 
connection traveled throughout Colorado 
and Texas. 

Some years ago Mr. West was the li- 
brarian of the Sunday school of the First 
Congregational Church of Pittsfield, and 



while a resident of Dalton was superin- 
tendent of the Sunday school there, and 
a member of the Dalton school board 
committee. He also sang in the choir, 
both in Dalton and Pittsfield, and while 
in Sandusky, Ohio, was the chorister of 
the Presbyterian church. For many years 
he has been a member of the First Con- 
gregational Church in Pittsfield. Since 
the death of his father he has had charge 
of the estate. A part of the West Block, 
which he built in association with his 
brother, is now the Westerly Hotel. In 
a recent telegram received by him from 
the Board of Trade a request was made 
to put up the front of the West Block 
as a fitting tribute to him as a benefactor 
of the town. He is also the owner of con- 
siderable other real property. 

Mr. West married, in Pittsfield, Octo- 
ber 9, 1867, Belle Morrison, daughter of 
Ezekiel Morrison, a prominent citizen of 
La Porte, Indiana. They have had chil- 
dren : i. Kate, born in Dalton, Massachu- 
setts, January 8, 1872; married, October 
18, 1898, James Elmer Cutler, of West- 
field, New Jersey, an electrical engineer 
in New York, and in this connection has 
fitted up many of the largest buildings in 
New York ; they have one child, James 
Westford. 2. Isabelle Morrison, born in 
Dalton, Massachusetts, May 15, 1879; 
married, September 3, 1903, William B. 
Jackson, of Madison, Wisconsin, an elec- 
trical engineer in Chicago, with an office 
in Boston, has a force of ninety men, and 
conducts business under the firm name of 
D. C. and W. B. Jackson, also president 
of the Western Association of Electrical 
Engineers ; children : Isabelle West, born 
in Pittsfield, May n, 1910; Josiah Ken- 
net, born in Chicago, July 10, 1911 ; Mary 
Price, born in Chicago, July 5, 1913. 3- 
Ara Maria, born in Dalton, Massachu- 
setts, February 25, 1883 ; unmarried. 



42 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



WEST, Frank Elliott, M. D., 

Prominent Physician. 

(VIII) Dr. Frank Elliott West, the 
Dean of the Medical Staff of Long Island 
College, and who for thirty-eight years 
has occupied a chair in that institution, 
is well fitted for the profession which he 
has chosen as a life \vork. He was born 
in Pittsfield, June 8, 1850, son of John 
Chapman and Maria L, (Goodrich) West. 

Dr. Frank E. West obtained a practical 
education in the public schools of Pitts- 
field, and this was amplified by attendance 
at Greylock Institute and \Villiams Col- 
lege, from which latter institution he was 
graduated in the class of 1872, and is a 
member of the Alpha Delta Phi. After 
his graduation he turned his attention to 
the study of law, placing himself under 
the competent instruction of Messrs. 
Bowerman and Willcox, but this not 
proving exactly to his liking, he took up 
the study of medicine with Drs. Paddock 
and Adams, two of the most eminent phy- 
sicians in Western Massachusetts, and 
under their instruction he made rapid 
progress, and in addition he also attended 
lectures at the College of Physicians and 
Surgeons in New York City and at the 
Long Island College and graduated from 
the latter institution in the year 18/6. 
The following year he spent as an interne 
at the Long Island College, thereby ma- 
terially adding to his store of knowledge 
by practical experience, and at the expira- 
tion of his interneship he engaged in the 
general practice of his profession, in 
which he was successful. Shortly after- 
ward he was appointed to a chair in the 
Long Island College, and from 1878 to 
1885 he taught physical diagnosis and dis- 
eases of the heart and kidneys. In 1886 
he was appointed to the chair of Pro- 
fessor of Therapeutics and Clinical Medi- 
cine and has occupied that chair up to the 
present time, a period of three decades. 



Since 1880 he has served in the capacities 
of visiting physician of the Long Island 
College, dean of the hospital faculty, visit- 
ing physician of the Brooklyn Hospital 
for several years, and also of the Kings 
County Hospital, and consulting physi- 
cian in many other hospitals, in all of 
which he has rendered efficient service. 
He practically retired from his general 
practice some years ago and now special- 
izes in diseases of the heart, lungs, liver, 
and kidneys, also nervous diseases, and 
along these lines has been signally suc- 
cessful, owing to his thorough preparation 
and the earnestness with which he applies 
himself to each and every case. In no 
department of professional activity has 
there been greater advancement than in 
medicine and surgery, and with the prog- 
ress and improvements Dr. West has kept 
in close touch, so that he is one of the 
most able exponents of the more im- 
proved methods and practices. He has 
also written extensively on medical sub- 
jects and his articles have appeared in 
medical and other journals and have 
elicited considerable praise. He holds 
membership in the Brooklyn Patholog- 
ical Society, Allied Physicians of Long 
Island, New York Academy of Medi- 
cine, New York State Medical Society, 
Kings County Medical Society, of which 
he was president in 1891, and refused 
renomination, was trustee of the same 
for ten years, chairman of the board 
eight years, and chairman of the build- 
ing committee that erected the present 
building, the third largest medical library 
building in the United States, the Amer- 
ican Medical Association and many 
others. He is a member of the Pathologi- 
cal and University clubs in Brooklyn, and 
the Country Club in Pittsfield. The suc- 
cess attained by Dr. West is due to no 
inherited fortune or to any succession of 
advantageous circumstances, but to his 
own energy and will, his thoroughness 



43 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and efficiency, his studious habits, and 
above all his sterling integrity. He pos- 
sesses a perfect appreciation of the higher 
ethics of life, and has gained and retained 
the confidence and respect of his fellow- 
men, and is distinctively one of the lead- 
ing citizens and prominent medical au- 
thorities of Brooklyn, with whose in- 
terests he is prominently identified. 

Dr. West married, June 10, 1896, Mary 
V. Cable, of Brooklyn, New York, and 
they are the parents of one child, Frank 
Elliott, Jr., born in Brooklyn, April 24, 
1897, at the present time (1915) a student 
in the Choate School preparing for en- 
trance to Williams College. 



WEST, Frederick Thomas, 
Business Man. 

(VIII) Frederick Thomas West, son 
of John Chapman and Maria L. (Good- 
rich) West, was born in Pittsfield, Massa- 
chusetts, March 15, 1855. He was edu- 
cated in Pittsfield, for which he has al- 
ways entertained an affectionate regard, 
and whose interests he has furthered in 
every manner that has lain in his power. 
In early manhood, however, he went to 
Chicago, Illinois, where he established 
himself as a real estate and insurance 
broker, in both of which branches he has 
been eminently successful. He, however, 
decided to make Pittsfield, Massachusetts, 
his summer home, and returning here he 
purchased a tract of land, upon which was 
a part of an old house in which the first 
county court was held and for this reason 
it has since been known as Court Hill. 
Here he erected a fine house which is 
located very picturesquely, and com- 
mands a view of the surrounding country 
for many miles around. 

Mr. West married, in Sharon, Connecti- 
cut, September 9, 1886, Anna Sheldon 
Ogden, born in Chicago, where her father 
was an early settler, and a prominent real 



estate dealer, being the senior member of 
the well-known firm of Ogden, Sheldon 
& Company. Mr. and Mrs. West have had 
children as follows: i. Frances Ogden, 
born in New York City, January I, 1889; 
married, January 29, 1914, Donald Fraser 
McPherson, of Chicago, and has one 
child : Fannie Ogden, born in Chicago, 
March 9, 1915. 2. Eleanor, born in Pitts- 
field, Massachusetts, September 18, 1892. 
3. Mahlon Ogden, born in Chicago, No- 
vember 11, 1899. 



BACKUS, William G., 

Proprietor of Old-Established Business. 

One of the well-known citizens of Pitts- 
field, Massachusetts, is William G. Back- 
us, who in partnership with his brother, 
Frank C. Backus, continues the business 
established by their father in the Backus 
Block, on land purchased by the elder 
Backus more than sixty years ago, and 
continuously occupied by members of this 
family since that time, thus making it one 
of the oldest established firms of that sec- 
tion of the State. 

William Gordon Backus, father, was 
born in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, in April, 
1812, and died there in November, 1888. 
He was a son of Absalom Backus, also 
born in Pittsfield, and a grandson of Leb- 
beus Backus, who was born in Connecti- 
cut, removing to Berkshire county, Mas- 
sachusetts, prior to the Revolutionary 
War, and served as a lieutenant in the 
Continental army from Pittsfield. In the 
boyhood of William Gordon Backus the 
opportunities for obtaining a good educa- 
tion were limited, and he was still a young 
lad when he was apprenticed to learn the 
trade of tinsmithing at the old Peck estab- 
lishment. Being of a diligent and per- 
severing disposition, he applied himself to 
obtaining a thorough knowledge of the 
business, and when he attained his ma- 
jority, in 1833, he was admitted to part- 



44 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



nership, this being the reward of faithful 
service. At the expiration of two years 
he established himself in business inde- 
pendently, beginning on a modest scale, 
and by means of industry and progressive 
and well directed effort, succeeded in 
building up the business to enormous pro- 
portions, and left it as a valuable asset to 
his sons, who have conducted it since that 
time. When his son, William G. Backus, 
attained his majority, he was admitted to 
partnership with his father, under the 
style of W'illiam Backus & Son, and after 
the death of the father, a younger son, 
Frank C. Backus, was admitted to the 
business and the firm name was changed 
to William G. Backus' Sons, which ob- 
tains at the present time (1916), enjoying 
the distinction of being the oldest estab- 
lishment to conduct business under one 
name in the city. The elder Mr. Backus 
was prominent in the public life of the 
community, and served as assessor for a 
period of five years. He married, in 1844, 
Laura A. Platt, daughter of Comfort B. 
Platt, for many years resident in Pitts- 
field, a cousin of Senator Platt. Children 
of Mr. and Airs. Backus: i. Gordon T. 
2. William G., of whom further. 3. Albert 
Platt, born in 1850, died in 1887; was a 
resident of Pittsfield ; married Minnie 
Tuthill, of Westford, New York. 4. 
Frank C., born January 29, 1855, became 
the partner of his brother, as above men- 
tioned ; married Grace West, and has a 
daughter, Laura W. 5. Charles H., born 
in 1862, died in 1888. The mother of these 
children died in 1898, aged seventy-three 
years. 

William G. Backus was born in Pitts- 
field, Massachusetts, September 16, 1848. 
He was educated in the common schools 
of his native city and at Claverack County 
Institute, attending the latter named in- 
stitution for three years, preparing for 
matriculation at Yale College, but, pre- 
ferring a business career to a profes- 



sional one, he did not enter college, in- 
stead he devoted one year, after com- 
pleting his studies at the age of sixteen, 
to recreation, spending his time in hunt- 
ing and fishing. His first employment 
was in the insurance business, his term 
of service extending over a period of one 
year, and he then entered the employ of 
his father, learned the business thor- 
oughly, and when he had attained the age 
of twenty-one was admitted to partner- 
ship, and has since been engaged in the 
same, having as his partner his brother, 
Frank C., as above narrated. Being a 
man of excellent business acumen, as 
proven by the management of his busi- 
ness affairs, he was chosen as a member 
of the board of directors of the Pittsfield 
Gas Company, in which capacity he is 
serving at the present time. He has 
served as city assessor for ten years, as 
water commissioner for fifteen years, and 
he performed the duties of these offices 
with an intelligence, effectiveness and fi- 
delity that entitled him to the public 
thanks. He takes an active interest in 
Free Masonry, being a member of the 
Blue Lodge in which he has filled all the 
chairs but master; also a member of the 
Chapter in which he has held all the 
offices except high priest; also a member 
of the council and the commandery, and 
has been eminent commander of the latter 
body. He is also a member of the Ancient 
Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic 
Shrine, and in addition to the York rites 
herein mentioned has taken fourteen de- 
grees in Scottish Rite Masonry. He is 
also a member of the Park Club. Mr. 
Backus is a gentleman who is well-posted 
and of affable and courteous manner. 
As a citizen he is public-spirited and pro- 
gressive, and he is popular among all 
classes in his native city. 

Mr. Backus married, March 8, 1881, 
Emma Carrier, born in Chatham, April 
26, 1854, daughter of Talman Carrier, who 



45 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



was a merchant of Albany. She died 
May 28, 1913, at the age of fifty-nine 
years. 



CLARK, Embury Philip, 

High Sheriff, Civil War Veteran. 

Major-General Embury Philip Clark, of 
Hampden county, Massachusetts, soldier, 
and who for the past twenty years has 
been sheriff of Hampden county, Massa- 
chusetts, is a native of the Connecticut 
Valley, a descendant of worthy ancestors. 
The name, also written Clarke, Clerk, 
Clerke and Clearke, is one of great anti- 
quity in England, from whence it was 
carried to Scotland and Ireland, and ulti- 
mately to this country, either directly or in- 
directly. Originally any person who could 
read and write was given the name, and it 
came to be the surname of learned per- 
sons generally, but particularly of officers 
ecclesiastical courts and parish churches, 
who were entrusted with entering and 
preserving the records. In medieval days 
the name was one to be respected, hence 
it is of frequent use in Domesday Book, 
either written in one of the various spell- 
ings given above, of Clericus, "clerk or 
clergyman," "one of the clerical order." 

The family appears very early in the 
history of Buckland, Franklin county, 
Massachusetts, where Robert Clark was 
living in 1790, with three males over six- 
teen, two under sixteen, and four females 
in his family, four sons and probably 
three daughters. He is probably de- 
scended from the old Clark family of 
Northampton, later of Hadley and Am- 
herst, of Scotch ancestry. Nothing is 
known of his parents. His son, James 
Clark, born about 1780, in Buckland, was 
a farmer there throughout his active life, 
and in 1828 was a member of the com- 
mittee appointed to build the Methodist 
Episcopal church in Buckland. He mar- 
ried Almeda Davis, and his third son, 



46 



Chandler Clark, was born February 24, 
1807, in Buckland, where he was a farmer. 
In 1859 he removed to Holyoke, Massa- 
chusetts, where he was a shoe merchant, 
an active member of the Methodist 
church, and died December 30, 1877. He 
was actively interested in the city affairs 
of Holyoke, was a Republican during the 
later years of his life, having previously 
been a Free Soiler. He married, Decem- 
ber 17, 1835, Joanna, daughter of Spencer 
Woodward, a pioneer farmer of Buckland, 
She died in Holyoke, May 28, 1885. Their 
youngest and only surviving child is the 
subject of this biography. 

Major-General Embury Philip Clark 
was born March 31, 1845, m Buckland, 
where his youthful days were spent. 
After receiving such education as the 
public schools of that period afforded, he 
entered upon the larger school of ex- 
perience as a clerk in a grocery store. He 
was soon, however, to see a still more 
strenuous field of action spread before 
him, and receive an urgent call that ap- 
pealed to his higher nature. When but 
seventeen years of age, in July, 1862, he 
enrolled with the other thousands of 
young, intelligent and loyal sons of Mas- 
sachusetts, to defend the Union, joining 
Company B, Forty-sixth Regiment Mas- 
sachusetts Volunteer Militia. The regi- 
ment was sent to North Carolina as soon 
as organized, and immediately began 
campaign work on an expedition to King- 
ston, Whitehall and Goldsboro, under 
General J. S. Foster. The following sum- 
mer it was ordered to Fortress Monroe 
to join the Army of the James, which was 
to proceed against Richmond ; but on 
arriving at Fortress Monroe the order 
was changed, and the regiment dispatched 
to Baltimore, then to Harpers Ferry, fi- 
nally joining the Army of the Potomac at 
Funkstown, Maryland. 

W r hen the Civil War was brought to a 
close the occasion was fittingly celebrated 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



by a grand review in Washington, Dis- 
trict of Columbia, a triumphal procession 
of the victorious army through the streets 
of the capital, where the march was wit- 
nessed by cheering thousands who thus 
gladly welcomed home the boys in blue 
and rejoiced at the close of the war. On 
this occasion there was suspended across 
Pennsylvania avenue a banner bearing 
the words "The only debt which the coun- 
try owes that she cannot pay is the one 
which she owes her soldiers." With the 
passingyears American citizens have more 
and more realized how much is due to 
those who faced the dangers, the horrors 
and the hardships of war in order to pre- 
serve the Union intact. Another fact in 
which the consensus of public opinion 
agrees is that the soldier, taken all in all, 
makes a better citizen than any other 
class, for the years of warfare bred in him 
a love of country that has been manifest 
in patriotic service ever since. To this 
number of patriotic citizens belongs Ma- 
jor-General Embury P. Clark of Spring- 
field, Massachusetts, high sheriff of Hamp- 
den county. In his career he has amply 
shown that he possesses in rich measure 
the sterling characteristics of his worthy 
ancestry. Too much credit or mention in 
historical works cannot be given to the 
names on the fast diminishing muster 
rolls of the Grand Army of the Republic ; 
to those men whose courage and valor 
made possible the preservation of the 
Union, and through whose efforts the 
shackles of bondage were broken that 
held enslaved so many human beings. 

After his discharge from the army, in 
1863, Major-General Clark returned to 
Holyoke, where he was variously em- 
ployed as a druggist, paymaster of a large 
manufacturing and building firm, and 
registrar of the Holyoke waterworks, 
from July I, 1876, until January I, 1893, 
holding the last named position until he 
resigned to assume the duties of sheriff 



of Hampden county. He was reflected in 
1896, 1899, 1901, 1906 and 1910. The term 
has been extended so that his tenure of 
office will not expire until 1915, mak- 
ing a continuous service of twenty-one 
years, a period longer than that of any 
previous sheriff. During Major-General 
Clark's encumbency the business of the 
office has doubled, and now employs a 
force of twenty-five deputies, and has 
charge of the new and modern county jail 
at Springfield, one of the finest buildings 
in the State, holding from two hundred 
and twenty to two hundred and fifty in- 
mates. Major-General Clark's popularity 
is evidenced by his long period of service 
in one office, and the same testifies also to 
his efficiency and high moral worth. 

The close of the Civil W r ar did not de- 
tract from Major-General Clark's interest 
in military matters, and in 1868 he joined 
the State Militia, becoming sergeant of 
Company K, Second Regiment. He was 
elected captain, June 4, 1869, major, Au- 
gust 14, 1871, colonel, August 31, 1875, 
and discharged April 28, 1876. He re- 
enlisted December 23, 1878, becoming 
captain of Company D, \vas elected lieu- 
tenant-colonel, August 2, 1879, and colo- 
nel, February 2, 1899. He was among the 
first to respond to the call for troops in 
the Spanish-American War, and as colo- 
nel of the Second Regiment of Infantry 
Massachusetts Volunteers, he was sta- 
tioned at Santiago, Cuba, in 1898. He 
was nominated by President McKin- 
ley to be brigadier-general by brevet at 
the same time that Colonel Theodore 
Roosevelt of the First Volunteer Cavalry 
was nominated for the same position, 
January 30, 1899, the appointments to 
date from July, 1898, for gallantry in the 
battle of Elcaney, Cuba, July i, 1898. 
From the "Criterion" is extracted the fol- 
lowing notice, which shows the efficiency 
and standing of the Second Regiment: 
"Barring no regiment of regulars was 



47 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

there a finer drilled or better officered School Board of Holyoke, an office he had 

body of men in the campaign than this filled continuously for a period of fifteen 

magnificent regiment. The writer saw it years. 

fight a battle as though it were on a dis- Major-General Clark married (first) 
play drill, and at all times it maintained August 21, 1866, Eliza Ann Seaver, born 
this same high degree of efficiency and February 13, 1846, a daughter of Perley 
discipline, whether in battle or in camp." and Julia (Field) Seaver. She was a 
Major-General Clark was appointed briga- lady of brilliant accomplishments, and 
dier-general, July 26, 1904, and held that for many years was a member of the 
office for seven years when he retired, choir of the First Methodist Episcopal 
July 29, 1911, with the rank of major-gen- Church in Holyoke. She died in 1909. 
eral. In October of that year a great He married (second) April, 1910, Mae M. 
banquet was tendered him at which over Zeigler, born near Mansfield, Ohio. Chil- 
two hundred were present, including the dren by first wife: I. Kate Elizabeth, 
Governor and staff and men of promi- born at Chicopee, December 3, 1869; mar- 
nence in all walks of life from all over ried Edwin L. Brewer, and has four chil- 
New England, one of the most represen- dren. 2. Edward Simpson, April 5, 1873, 
tative gatherings ever held in Boston. in Holyoke ; married Bessie Farr, daugh- 
Major-General Clark is a charter mem- ter of H. M. Farr, of Holyoke. 3. Fred- 
ber of Kilpatrick Post, No. 7, Grand erick Bayard, September 4, 1878, at Hoi- 
Army of the Republic, in whose work he yoke ; educated at Holyoke and Spring- 
has taken a very active part, and of which field Business College ; was a clerk in the 
he was commander eight years. He is a office of the civil service examiners at 
member of Massachusetts Commandery, Washington, and now in the Isthmian 
Military Order of the Loyal Legion of Canal Department ; married Alice Ly- 
the United States; the Naval and Military man, of Northampton. 4. Alice May, 
Order of the Spanish-American War, of May 18, 1880, at Holyoke; graduate of 
which he was commander-in-chief in 1904; the MacDuffee School at Springfield; 
the Society Army of Santiago de Cuba ; married George S. Lombard, of the Lorn- 
Order of Foreign Wars ; Legion of Span- bard Iron Works of Augusta, Georgia, 
ish War Veterans. He is also a member 

of the Springfield Board of Trade ; Nyas- T^T^O^O T t. -ur-iu 

n u r *u r-i K TJ i i T j ROBERTS, John Wilbur, 
set Club ; Wmthrop Club ; Holyoke Lodge, 

Independent Order of Odd Fellows ; insurance Actuary. 

Knights of Pythias of Holyoke ; Belcher John Wilbur Roberts, of Springfield, 
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons. He Massachusetts, has acquired a position in 
has always given his political allegiance his community and State, which argues 
to the Republican party, but is not an not alone the possession of determination 
active partisan, occupying any office as a and energy, but also that of keen intelli- 
public servant, solely on his record and gence and executive ability of a high 
ability and not through solicitation on his order. To gain a position of leadership 
part, his personal qualifications being his in any department of business life re- 
recommendation for any promotion. He quires that the individual give close atten- 
has ever taken a great interest in educa- tion to the duties that devolve upon him 
tional matters, and at the time of his re- as he studies the question of management 
moval to Springfield was a member of the from every point of view, that he be con- 

48 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



stantly alert to opportunities, and that his 
energy and perseverance be of particu- 
larly enduring character. Possessing all 
these requirements, Mr. Roberts, now the 
cashier and custodian of funds of the 
Springfield branch of the Mutual Life In- 
surance Company of New York, leaves no 
stone unturned to increase the prestige of 
the corporation with which he is con- 
nected. He is a man with a large circle 
of friends and few, if any, enemies, his 
genial manner, unfailing courtesy and un- 
feigned cordiality gaining for him the 
high regard of those with whom he is 
brought in contact. 

John Wilbur Roberts is a son of the 
late Edwin and Hulda T. Roberts, the 
death of the latter occurring in 1911 at 
the age of seventy-two years. Mr. Rob- 
erts was born in Pharsalia, Chenango 
county, New Y'ork, and there attended 
the public schools. At the age of fifteen 
years he came to Belchertown, Massa- 
chusetts, and after a year spent in that 
town removed to Springfield, with which 
city he has since then actively and bene- 
ficially identified. He began his business 
career in the cotton mills at Three Rivers, 
where he was employed for a short period 
of time, and was then in succession in the 
following positions : One year in the toy 
piano factory of Black & Perry, in Spring- 
field ; one year in the skate factory of Bar- 
ney & Berry ; five years with the Smith & 
Wesson Company. Then, after attending 
Coleman's Business, in Newark, New Jer- 
sey, from which he was graduated, he 
returned to Springfield, Massachusetts, 
and secured a position in the office of 
A. N. Mayo & Company, paper stock 
dealers, where he remained a few months ; 
the three years following he was with the 
Springfield Gas Light Company ; one year 
with the Holley-Whitmore Steam Heat- 
ing Company, at the end of which time 
they went out of business. In November, 

MASS Vol. 



1890, he formed a connection with the 
Springfield branch of the Mutual Life In- 
surance Company of New York. His first 
position was as solicitor, and upon the 
death of one of the clerks in the office, 
he was appointed to the position of junior 
clerk, and from that has risen, by reason 
of ability and faithful discharge of his 
duties, to his present responsible post. 
This is a record of faithful and efficient 
service of twenty-five years' duration, 
longer than that of any other in the 
Springfield office. 

In 1897 Mr. Roberts became a member 
of the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows, in which he at once became a lead- 
ing spirit, and has since been closely 
identified with the order, greatly to its 
benefit. He was appointed right sup- 
porter of the vice-grand, and filled that 
office for one term, when he was ap- 
pointed conductor of the lodge, and the 
following term elected vice-grand. At the 
next term he was elected noble grand, 
and in September, 1908, was appointed 
district deputy grand master of his dis- 
trict comprising De Soto Lodge of Spring- 
field, and St. John's Lodge of Chicopee. 
In September, 1909, he was appointed by 
Grand Master Charles B. Perry, grand 
marshal of the Grand Lodge of Massa- 
chusetts, and in 1910 he was elected 
grand warden of the Grand Lodge of 
Massachusetts, and in 1911 he was elected 
deputy grand master. In September, 1912, 
he was elected grand master of the Grand 
Lodge of Massachusetts, the highest State 
office in the order, and served with effi- 
ciency and to the great satisfaction of all 
the officers and members in his jurisdic- 
tion until September, 1913, when his term 
expired. He was elected and installed in 
this office in Boston, and the following 
da}' returned to Springfield, where one of 
the largest receptions ever accorded to 
anyone in that city was tendered him. A 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ing county, turned out en masse to wit- 
ness this important celebration, and the 
ceremonies closed with a mass meeting 
held in the Court Square Theatre, which 
was packed to the doors with people 
anxious to hear the able address of Mr. 
Roberts. He also served as chairman 
of the finance committee of the Grand 
Lodge, and as a member of the board of 
trustees of the Odd Fellows' Home in 
Worcester. Mr. Roberts is also a mem- 



dinner was served at the Kimball Hotel musical activity in any one church. In 
at 7:00 p. m. ; this was followed by a April, 1915, he came to Hope Congre- 
parade, which was also a part of the order gational Church, where he not only sings, 
of the day, and was one of the grandest but is the musical director of the choir, 
and most imposing spectacles of its kind He was for a number of years an active 
ever seen in Springfield. The people not member of the Orpheus Club, was the 
only of the city, but of all the surround- first president of the Musical Art Society, 

is a member of the Schubert Male Choir, 
and has taken a prominent part in nu- 
merous amateur productions of operas, 
among them being the following: The 
part of the major-general and the ser- 
geant in the "Pirates of Penzance," and 
Gaspard in the "Chimes of Normandy." 
He has been the able conductor of a num- 
ber of Old Folks Concerts, and for some 
years was the coach for the Dramatic 
Club of the Technical High School, which 
ber of Agawam Encampment, Independ- gave very creditable performances. In 
dent Order of Odd Fellows; Hamp- political opinion he is a staunch sup- 
den Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons ; porter of Republican principles, and has 
Morning Star Chapter, Royal Arch Ma- always taken an active interest in all mat- 
sons ; Springfield Council, Royal and Se- ters concerning the public welfare. Both 
lect Masters ; Springfield Commandery, he and his wife are communicants of 
Knights Templar, and of all the Scottish Christ Episcopal Church, and Mr. Rob- 
Rite bodies in Masonry. He is past high erts is president of the Trinity Club of 
priest of Morning Star Chapter, past this congregation. 

thrice illustrious master of Springfield Mr. Roberts married, in 1888, Susie L., 
Council, and is among the prominent Ma- daughter of Henry and Susan Alexander, 
sons of the State of Massachusetts. of Springfield, and they are the parents 

As a singer Mr. Roberts has ability of of one child, Arthur C., born in 1890, now 
a remarkably high order, and for nearly a bookkeeper in the Chicopee National 
thirty years has sung in the leading 
church choirs, and taken an active part 
in many musical affairs of prominence in 
Springfield. He began his career as a 
member of Grace Church choir, from 
whence he went to Christ Church ; later 
he sang at the morning service at Olivet 
Church and the evening service at Christ 
Church ; then was at Christ Church for 
a period of four years ; then sang for 
three years at Trinity Methodist Epis- 
copal Church, after which he formed a 
connection with the Church of the Unity, 



Bank ; he was educated in the common 
and high schools and at the Forest Park 
Grammar School ; he married, April 14, 
1915, Lena May Scott, of Springfield. 
The elder Mrs. Roberts is a woman of 
great charm of manner and energy, and 
is performing excellent work as the able 
treasurer of the Parish Aid Society. 

PUTNAM, William Eben, 

Real Estate Promoter. 



where he sang for a period of twenty 



The ancestry of the American family of 
Putnam has been traced from a very re- 



years, his longest record of continued mote period in England, the first being 

50 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Simon de Puttenham, who lived in 1199, 
and was probably a lineal descendant of 
Roger, who held the manor of Puttenham 
under the bishop of Baieux. The parish 
of Puttenham is in Hertfordshire, close 
to the border of Bedfordshire and Buck- 
inghamshire. 

(I) The first American ancestor, John 
Putnam, of the seventeenth generation 
directly traced, was baptized at Win- 
grove, County Bucks, England, January 
17, 15/9, and died suddenly in Salem Vil- 
lage, now Danvers, Massachusetts, De- 
cember 30, 1662. It is known that he 
was resident of Aston Abbotts, England, 
as late as 1627, as the date of the baptism 
of the youngest son shows, but just when 
he came to New England is not known. 
Family tradition is responsible for the 
date 1634, and the tradition is known to 
have been in the family over one hundred 
and fifty years. In 1641, new style, John 
Putnam was granted land in Salem, was 
a farmer, and exceedingly well off for 
those times. He wrote a fair hand, as 
deeds on file show. In these deeds he 
styled himself "yeoman;" once, in 1655, 
"husbandman." His land amounted to 
two hundred and fifty acres, and was 
situated between Davenport's hill and 
Potter's hill. John Putnam was admit- 
ted to the church in 1647, s i x years later 
than his wife, and was also a freeman the 
same year. The town of Salem in 1644 
voted that a patrol of two men be appointed 
each Lord's day to walk forth during wor- 
ship and take notice of such who did not 
attend service and who were idle, and to 
present such cases to the magistrate ; all 
of those appointed were men of standing 
in the community. For the ninth day 
John Putnam and John Hathorne were 
appointed. The following account of the 
death of John Putnam was written in 
T 733> by his grandson Edward: "He ate 
his supper, went to prayer with his fam- 



ily, and died before he went to sleep." 
He married, in England, Priscilla Gould, 
who was admitted to the church in Salem 
in 1641. 

(II) Nathaniel Putnam, third son of 
John Putnam, was baptized October 11, 
1619, at Aston Abbotts, and died July 23, 
1700, at Salem Village. He was a man of 
considerable landed property ; his wife 
brought him seventy-five acres additional, 
and on this tract he built his house and 
established himself. Part of his property 
has remained uninterruptedly in the fam- 
ily. It is now better known as the "old 
Judge Putnam place." He was constable 
in 1656, and afterwards deputy to the 
general court, 1690-91, selectman, and 
always at the front on all local questions, 
whether pertaining to politics, religious 
affairs, or other town matters. He mar- 
ried Elizabeth Hutchinson, of Salem Vil- 
lage. 

(III) Captain Benjamin Putnam, son 
of Nathaniel Putnam, was born Decem- 
ber 24, 1664, at Salem Village, and died 
at the same place about 1715. He was a 
prominent man in Salem and held many 
town offices, being tythingman at the 
village in 1695-96, constable and collector 
in 1700, selectman in 1707-1713, and was 
often on the grand and petit juries. He 
held the position of lieutenant and cap- 
tain, was in the Indian war, and received 
the titles in 1706-1711. December 30, 
1709, he was chosen deacon of the church 
of the village. His will, dated October 
28, 1706, was proved April 25, 1715. He 
married (first) Elizabeth Putnam, (sec- 
ond) Sarah Holton. 

(IV) Deacon Isaac Putnam, son of 
Captain Benjamin Putnam, was born Au- 
gust 22, 1699, in Salem Village, and died 
in Bedford, Massachusetts, November 12, 
1760. He married, about 1720-21, Sarah, 
daughter of Jonathan and Elizabeth 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(Giles) Bacon, of Billerica, Massachu- 
setts, born December 25, 1696. 

(V) Tarrant Putnam, son of Deacon 
Isaac Putnam, was born September 2, 
1733, in Bedford, died 1804, in Newbury, 
Vermont. He married (first) in Dan- 
dridge, July i, 1756, Mary, daughter of 
Eleazer Porter, baptized August 22, 1736. 
He married (second) Eleanor Porter. 

(\'l) Eleazer Porter Putnam, son of 
Tarrant Putnam, born December 8, 1758, 
in Danvers, died 1813, in Corinth, Ver- 
mont. He married, April 28, 1781, Re- 
becca Smith, of Topsfield, Massachusetts, 
born June 29, 1760, died April 15, 1816, in 
Corinth. 

(VII) Hiram Smith Putnam, son of 
Eleazer Porter Putnam, was born No- 
vember 14, 1793, in Danvers, and accom- 
panied his parents to Corinth, Vermont. 
In early life he conducted a store for a 
few years in Fair Haven, Vermont, 
whence he removed to Oswego county, 
New York. 

(VIII) Eben Putnam, son of Hiram 
Smith Putnam, was born about 1825, 
lived for some years in Altmar, Oswego 
county, New York. 

(IX) Willis Putnam, son of Eben Put- 
nam, was born 1850, in Oswego county, 
New York, was a farmer, and lived in 
Stockbridge, New York. He married 
Ida Springer, a native of Oswego coun- 
ty, daughter of Edward and Lavina 
(Walker) Springer, and granddaughter of 
Adam Springer. 

(X) William Eben Putnam, son of 
Willis Putnam, was born June 6, 1879, 
in Oswego county, New York, in which 
locality he was reared, receiving his edu- 
cation in the public schools of the county. 
Gifted with considerable business ability, 
he soon found occupation in promoting 
the commerce of the country. For some 
time he dealt in school supplies, and was 
for a time a traveling salesman. He set- 



tled in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, in 1911, 
and became interested by purchase in 
various tracts of land, which he is now 
developing into house lots and placing 
on the market. He also engages in a gen- 
eral real estate business, as commission 
broker. He is a member of the Baptist 
church of Hillsdale, New York; an ener- 
getic and industrious business man, he is 
carving out a successful career in the 
city of his home, and is esteemed and re- 
spected by his contemporaries. He mar- 
ried, May 5, 1895, in Oswego county, New 
York, Maude Vivian Roberts, daughter of 
Frank and Ida (Reynolds) Roberts. They 
are the parents of three children : Clyde 
Franklin, born in Syracuse, New York; 
Meta Irene, born in Pittsfield ; and Ralph 
Eugene, born in Fulton, New York. 



CURTIS, William Derbyshire, 
Public Official. 

William Derbyshire Curtis has attained 
a place of prominence in business and 
political circles, having filled various 
offices of trust and responsibility, and as 
a citizen he is progressive and public- 
spirited, and his example in many re- 
spects is worthy of emulation. 

The name of Curtis is derived from a 
Norman French word curteis or curtois 
meaning courteous, civil. The family 
settled very early in Kent, England. The 
coat-of-arms of the family of Kent and 
Sussex is : Argent, a chevron sable be- 
tween three bulls' heads cabossed gules. 
Crest : A unicorn passant or between 
four trees proper. The pedigree of this 
family is traced back as far as Stephen 
Curtis, of Appledore, Kent, about 1450. 
Several of his descendants were mayors 
of Tenterden, from whence came some of 
the first settlers of Scituate, Massachu- 
setts. The Curtis family was also among 






v t 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the pioneer settlers of Berkshire county, 
Massachusetts. 

(I) Henry Curtis, who was the founder 
of the American family, was born in 1621, 
and died November 30, 1661. In 1645 ne 
had land granted him at Windsor, Con- 
necticut, and in all probability lived there 
until the town voted to put his property 
for a currier's use, if it were for sale, in 
1655. In January, 1660, we find his name 
in a list of householders paying for seats 
in church, and in a list of "the number of 
children born in Windsor from the be- 
ginning," made in 1677, the name of 
"Henry Curtice" is included. One record 
says that he removed to Northampton, 
and his widow, Elizabeth, married (sec- 
ond) June 22, 1662, Richard Weller, at 
that time also of Windsor, Connecticut, 
who died about 1690. 

(II) Nathaniel Curtis, second son of 
Henry and Elizabeth Curtis, was born in 
Windsor, Connecticut, July 15, 1651. He 
married Prudence . 

(III) Samuel Curtis, son of Nathaniel 
and Prudence Curtis, was born in 1683. 
He married, in 1710, Lois Wentworth. 

(IV) Elnathan Curtis, son of Samuel 
and Lois (Wentworth) Curtis, was born 
in Windsor, Connecticut, April 10, 1712, 
and died at Stockbridge, Massachusetts, 
August 20, 1780. He and his wife were 
admitted to the Congregational church at 
Stockbridge, June 5, 1763, by letter from 
New Preston, Connecticut. He married, 
March 10, 1737, Rose Weller, born in 
Guilford, Connecticut, in April, 1714, died 
June i, 1808, a daughter of Thomas 
Weller. They had nine children. 

(V) Abel Curtis, third child of Elna- 
than and Rose (Weller) Curtis, was born 
in Woodbury, Connecticut, February 17, 
1740, and died at Stockbridge, Massa- 
chusetts, July 29, 1829. He served in the 
War of the Revolution. He married at 
West Stockbridge, September 18, 1767, 



Sarah Neale, born January 17, 1749, died 
April 5, 1831, a daughter of Samuel and 
Ruth Neale, of West Stockbridge, Massa- 
chusetts. They had eight sons and five 
daughters. 

(VI) Ocran Curtis, eighth child of 
Abel and Sarah (Neale) Curtis, was born 
at Stockbridge, Massachusetts, April 20, 
1780, and died December 12, 1849. He 
was a merchant at Stockbridge and very 
prosperous. He married, May 28, 1806, 
Lucy Dresser, born at Charlton, Massa- 
chusetts, in 1787, died April 13, 1857, a 
daughter of James and Irene Dresser. 
They had ten children. 

(VII) William Otis Curtis, son of 
Ocran and Lucy (Dresser) Curtis, was 
born at Stockbridge, Massachusetts, July 
15, 1817, and died February 20, 1895. In 
1833 he came to Lenox, Massachusetts, 
established a stage line, and for a period 
of twenty years operated this between 
Lee and Pittsfield, connecting with the 
Western, now the Boston & Albany, rail- 
road, and became the proprietor of the 
famous Curtis Hotel, which he founded 
in 1853. It has always been kept strictly 
up to date in all its appointments and 
management since its inception, and en- 
joys a well merited popularity. In pub- 
lic affairs Mr. Curtis also played a promi- 
nent part, serving as selectman, deputy 
sheriff, as a delegate to the General Court 
in 1853, and in other offices. He married, 
November 5, 1842, Jane Evaline Derby- 
shire, a daughter of William and Laura 
(Trowbridge) Derbyshire, and had three 
sons. Laura (Trowbridge) Derbyshire 
was a daughter of Joseph Trowbridge, 
of New Haven, Connecticut. Lucy 
(Dresser) Curtis, mother of Mr. Curtis, 
was descended from John Dresser, who 
settled at Rowley, Massachusetts, in 
1638; from William and Joanna (Bless- 
ing) Towne, who came from Yarmouth, 
England, and settled at Salem, and from 



53 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

Edmund Towne, born in Yarmouth, Eng- bility and conscientious devotion to the 

land, in 1628, who married Mary Brown- duties and the trust reposed in him. He 

ing, born January 7, 1638, a daughter of is a member of the Congregational church 

Thomas Browning ; from John Peabody, and has served as treasurer of its society 

born in 1590, and his wife, Isabell, and for many years. 

from their son, Francis Peabody, born at Mr. Curtis married (first) Sylvina C. 

St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England, in Phelps, born in Lenox, Massachusetts, 

1614, married Mary Foster, and came who bore him two children : Otis and 

with her to America in the ship "Planter" Lura. He married (second) Sarah But- 

in 1635. ler Smith, of Coronado, California, a 

(VIII) William Derbyshire Curtis, son daughter of Rev. Eli Smith, a Presby- 

of William Otis and Jane Evaline (Derby- terian minister, of Beirut, Syria, where 

shire) Curtis, was born at Lenox, Massa- he was stationed many years, and where 

chusetts, December 22, 1843. His educa- his daughter was born, 

tion was acquired at the Lenox Academy 

and the Williston Seminary, Easthamp- r , r ^ T 

TT J ' COLT, Henry, M. D., 
ton, Massachusetts. Upon the comple- 
tion Of his education he became the asso- Prominent Physician, Hospital Official. 

ciate of his father in the hotel business, The medical fraternity of Pittsfield, 

and upon the death of the latter in 1895, Massachusetts, has many representatives, 

Mr. Curtis became the sole manager of yet none who are more devoted to their 

this important enterprise. He is also profession or are more earnest in the dis- 

largely interested in real estate and the charge of their professional duties than 

sale and rental of properties. He was Dr. Henry Colt, a native of that city, born 

one of the organizers of the National November 9, 1856, a descendant of an- 

Bank of Lenox and is still its president cestors who figured in the early Colonial 

and one of its directors ; he was one of times, conspicuous for the part they 

the incorporators of the Savings Bank of played in military and community affairs 

Lenox, of which he is president and a during the period of the Revolutionary 

member of its board of trustees and board War. 

of investment ; he is president of the Captain James Danielson Colt, great- 
Lenox Water Company, of which he was grandfather of Dr. Henry Colt, was born 
formerly treasurer; vice-president of the in 1740, and was one of the early and 
Lenox Improvement Association ; direc- most prominent citizens of Pittsfield. He 
tor of the Berkshire Mutual Insurance was the owner of one thousand acres in 
Company of Pittsfield, and of the Hamp- the southwestern part of the town, his 
shire Fire Insurance Company ; trustee of taxes amounting to more than many of 
the Lenox Academy, and was formerly the other residents of the county. He 
president of the Electric Light and was influential in town affairs, serving as 
Power Company. Like his father, he has selectman in 1782, as a member of the 
never shirked the duties of public office, various committees appointed during the 
and has served as selectman, assessor, Revolutionary War, in which he took an 
town treasurer, clerk, and also for two active part, attaining the rank of captain, 
decades as State Legislator. At all times and was also a member of the committee 
and in all these various positions he has appointed to settle church matters con- 
acquitted himself with the highest capa- cerning which some difficulties had arisen. 

54 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

He and his first wife were members of March 30, iSn, daughter of Colonel Wil- 
the First Congregational Church in Pitts- Ham and Sarah (Wells) Williams, 
field, to which they had been admitted in James Danielson Colt, grandfather of 
1/67. Captain Colt married (first) Phebe Dr. Henry Colt, was baptized in Pitts- 
Ely, born in Lyme, Connecticut, May 16, field, Massachusetts, October 17, 1768, 
1743, died in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, died December i, 1856. Mr. Colt was a 
December 25, 1772. She was a daugh- member of the firm of J. D. and S. D. 
ter of Deacon Richard Ely, born in Lyme, Colt, his partner being his brother, Sam- 
October 27, 1697, died February 24, 1777; uel D. Colt, their partnership commenc- 
he married (first) Elizabeth Peck, who ing in 1799, and their place of business 
died October 8, 1730; (second) October being located at No. i South street, Pitts- 
26, 1732, Phebe Hubbard, born in 1705, field, while his residence was at No. i 
daughter of Robert and Abigail (Adams) West street. He married, May 8, 1791, 
Hubbard, one of the original settlers of Sarah Root, born June 24, 1771, died April 
Hartford, Connecticut. Deacon Richard 8, 1865, daughter of Ezekiel and Ruth 
Ely was a son of Richard Ely, born in (Noble) Root, and a descendant of John 
1656, baptized in Plymouth, England, Root, who came from Badby, England, 
June 19, 1657; came to this country with and was a first settler in Farmington, 
his father who settled first in Boston, Connecticut, in 1640, and from Thomas 
Massachusetts, later in Lyme, Connec- Noble, an early settler of Westfield, Mas- 
ticut, and there Richard Ely married sachusetts. Mrs. Colt was admitted to 
Mary Marvin, born in 1666, a daugh- the church, June 30, 1799, and was an 
ter of Lieutenant Reinold and Sarah original member of the Union Church, 
(Clark) Marvin, of Lyme. Richard Ely, August 22, 1809. Mr. and Mrs. Colt were 
Sr., was a son Richard Ely, a native of the parents of seven children, the young- 
England, who emigrated from Plymouth est being Henry, of whom further, 
in that country, between 1660 and 1663, Henry Colt, father of Dr. Henry Colt, 
landing in Boston, Massachusetts, from was born in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, No- 
whence he removed to Lyme, Connecti- vember 2, 1812; baptized June 27, 1813; 
cut, where he became the owner of three died January 16, 1888. He followed the 
thousand acres of land, was prominent occupation of agriculturist during the 
in Colonial affairs, and was among the early years of his life, and later was inter- 
first to give freedom to his slaves. He ested as a wool dealer, buying and selling 
married (first) in England, Joan Phipps, wool in Michigan, the plant being sold to 
who died at Plymouth, England, January the Bel Air Company in 1873. He took a 
7, 1660; he married (second) at Boston, keen and active interest in community 
Massachusetts, in 1664, Mrs. Elizabeth affairs, and during the troublesome period 
Cullick, widow of Captain John Cullick, of the Civil War, from 1862 to 1866, 
and a sister of Hon. George Fenwick ; she served in the capacity of selectman, was 
died at Lyme, November 12, 1683. Rich- a water commissioner in 1864, a director 
ard Ely, the emigrant, died in Lyme, No- of the Pittsfield National Bank, and a 
vember 24, 1684, and at one end of his director of the Boston & Albany Railroad 
tombstone is the Ely coat-of-arms. Cap- Company from 1878 until his death. He 
tain Colt married (second) in Pittsfield, was a member of the First Congrega- 
published December 18, 1773, Miriam tional Parish, active in all the work con- 
Williams, born February 6, 1756, died nected therewith, a prominent member of 

55 



EXCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the Berkshire County Agricultural Soci- 
ety, also the Massachusetts Agricultural 
College : a member and trustee of the 
Massachusetts Agricultural Society, and 
a member of the Pittsfield "\Yoolen Com- 
pany, of which he was the president in 

:j. Mr. Colt married, at Utica. Xew 
York. September 5, 1839. Elizabeth Gold- 
thwait Bacon, born February 7, 1812, 
died September 9. 1890, eldest daughter 
of Judge Ezekiel and Abigail (Smith) 
Bacon ; granddaughter of Hon. and Rev. 
John Bacon and his wife, Elizabeth 
(Goldthwait) Bacon : and a descendant of 
one of the most distinguished of Berk- 
shire county families. Rev. John Bacon 
was born in Connecticut, and was gradu- 
ated from Princeton College in the class 
of 1765; he was installed assistant pastor 
of the Old South Church in Boston, in 
1771. remained until 1775, then located 
in Stockbridge, Massachusetts : he was a 
member of the State Senate, and presi- 
dent of that body, judge and chief justice 
of the Court of Common Pleas of Berk- 
shire county, and from 1801 to 1816 
served as a member of the State Legis- 
lature. Judge Ezekiel Bacon was born 
in Boston, Massachusetts, September i, 
1775, was graduated from Yale College 
in the class of 1794. read law and com- 
menced the practice of his professi on at 
Williamstown, Berkshire county. Massa- 
chusetts. In 1806 he removed to Pittsfield 
and was elected to Congress, was war 
chairman of the Congressional committee 
of ways and means in 1812. and then 
served as judge in the State of Massa- 
chusetts, but subsequently removed to 
Utica. Xew York, where his death oc- 
curred at an advanced age. A volume of 
his poems was published in 1842. 

Dr. Henry Colt received his prelimi- 
nary education in the public schools of 
Pittsfield, being thus prepared for en- 
trance to "Williams College, from which 



institution he was graduated with the 
class of 1878, after which he matriculated 
at the Harvard Medical School, from 
which he received his degree of Doctor 
of Medicine in the year 1881. He then 
located in his native city and has since 
engaged in the practice of his profession. 
In addition to his practice, Dr. Colt serves 
in the capacity of medical director of the 
Berkshire Life Insurance Company : med- 
ical examiner of Berkshire county ; chair- 
man of the medical and surgical board of 
the House of Mercy Hospital, Pittsfield, 
an office of which he has been the incum- 
bent for a period of thirty years ; trustee 
and president of the Berkshire Athe- 
nrer.m. and director in the Pittsfield Xa- 
tional Bank. He is a member of Crescent 
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons ; the 
local commandery, Knights Templar : the 
Park and County clubs : University Club 
of Boston : and "Williams Club. Xew Yorlc 



WELLINGTON, Hiram Bartlett. 

Sheriff, Public Official. 

From a line of most worthy ancestors, 
Sheriff Wellington inherited those dis- 
tinctive Xew England qualities which 
make men leaders among their fellows. 
His long and honorable career in Berk- 
shire county reflects credit upon himself 
a::d honor upon a worthy name. The 
- rname Wellington is identical with 
Willington. the more common spelling in 
the old country, though both spellings 
were used interchangeably by many fam- 
ilies a few generations ago in both Eng- 
land and America. The history of the 
family extends back to the Xorman con- 
quest of England. The ancient baronial 
family of Willington was established at 
the time of William the Conqueror. It 
is a place-name, like that of many of the 
most important English surnames. The 
family of Willington took the name of 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the town. The Wellington family at 
Umberleigh, Devonshire; at Todenham, 
County Gloucester; at Barchesterm 
Brailes and Hurley, County Warwick, all 
trace their ancestry to Sir Ralph de W^ill- 
ington, who married in the fourteenth 
century a daughter of Sir William Cham- 
pernowne, of Umberleigh, inherited his 
estates and assumed his coat-of-arms, 
omitting the billets: Gules a saltire vair. 
Crest : A mountain pine vert, fructed or. 
John de Wellington (or Willington), of 
Derbyshire, lived at or about the time of 
the conquest, and from him descends the 
baronial family above mentioned. There 
are parishes of this name in County Salop, 
County Somerset, Hereford, and North- 
umberland. The coats-of-arms of the 
Wellingtons are given by Burke: Ermine 
a chevron sable ; also ermine a chevron 
sable a crescent or. Crest : A demi-sav- 
age wreathed about the head and middle 
with laurel leaves all proper. Other Will- 
ington arms : Sable a bend engrailed co- 
tised argent ; also : Ermine a chevron (an- 
other sable); also: Per pale endented ar- 
gent and sable a chief or; also: Ermine 
three bends azure ; also : Sable a bend 
<mgr. argent cotised or ; also : Or a cross 
vair. The similarity of arms such as may 
be noted in these cites is the best proof 
of relationship in old English families. 

(I) Roger Wellington, planter, born 
1609 or 1610, died March n, 1698. He 
sailed from England, and probably came 
to W r atertown at once on landing. The 
record of him is the first entry of town 
records of Watertown, showing an allot- 
ment of land dated July 25, 1636, a grant 
of the great dividend allotted to the free- 
man and to all the townsmen then inhab- 
iting, one hundred and twenty in num- 
ber. Roger Wellington received twenty 
acres, now a part of Mt. Auburn Ceme- 
tery, on which he built the first Welling- 
ton homestead, where he lived until 1659. 



He frequently appears in the records as 
Corporal Wellington, and served the 
town in various capacities. In 1657 he 
purchased twelve acres of land, contain- 
ing a dwelling house and barn, which be- 
came a part of the family estate in Lex- 
ington and the home of all the Welling- 
ton ancestors. He was admitted a free- 
man, April 18, 1690, and was selectman 
from 1678 to 1684 and in 1691. He mar- 
ried Mary, eldest daughter of Dr. Rich- 
ard and Anna (Harriss) Palgrave, of 
Charlestown. 

(II) Benjamin Wellington, third son 
of Roger and Mary (Palgrave) Welling- 
ton, born 1646, lived on the family estate 
in Lexington, was called yeoman, and 
died January 8, 1710, at Watertown. He 
married, December 7, 1671, Elizabeth 
Sweetman, of Cambridge. 

(III) Benjamin (2) Wellington, eldest 
son of Benjamin (i) and Elizabeth 
(Sweetman) Wellington, was born June 
21, 1676, died November 15, 1748. He 
was admitted a freeman of Lexington in 
December, 1667, an ^ was for many years 
one of the popular men of the town, serv- 
ing for sixteen years as assessor, fifteen 
years as town clerk, eight years as treas- 
urer, two years as representative, 1728 to 
1731. He was a housewright and carpen- 
ter, and built for himself a house on the 
family estate at Lexington, in 1699. He 
was admitted to the church at Lexington, 
June 10, 1705. He married (first) Janu- 
ary 1 8, 1698, Lydia Brown. 

(IV) Benjamin (3) Wellington, eldest 
child of Benjamin (2) and Lydia (Brown) 
Wellington, was born in Lexington, May 
21, 1702, died November 15, 1738. He 
married, about 1731, Abigail Fessenden, 
born July 13, 1713, daughter of Thomas 
and Abigail (Poulter) Fessenden. Their 
children were all born in Lexington. 

(V) Roger (2) Wellington, eldest son 
of Benjamin (3) and Abigail (Fessenden) 



57 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

Wellington, was baptized June 30, 1734, justice and was commonly known as 
in Lexington. He married, in Waltham, "Squire Bartlett." Harvey Wellington 
March 15, 1757, Abigail Steam, baptized died December n, 1842. 
October 13, 1739, in Watertown, daugh- (VII) Hiram Bartlett Wellington, son 
ter of John and Anna (Coolidge) Stearn. of Harvey and Emeline (Bartlett) Well- 
Both were admitted to the Lexington ington, was born in Williamstown, Mas- 
church, December 25, 1757, and dismissed sachusetts, September 12, 1840. He was 
to the Second Church at Brookfield, Jan- educated at Drury Academy, in North 
uary 6, 1760. He lived for a short time Adams, and at the Lenox Academy, both 
in Sutton, Massachusetts. He served in schools of high reputation. The former 
the French and Indian War in 1757 and was under the charge as principal of Wil- 
marched to the relief of Fort William Ham P. Porter, afterwards a well known 
and Henry. The Lexington records show lawyer of North Adams, and later a 
the baptism of his first child, November partner of Senator Dowes. As a boy he 
22, 1758. had gone to Lenox, and at the age of 

(VI) Eli Wellington, son of Roger (2) twenty years he entered the office of 
and Abigail (Stearn) Wellington, was Judge Henry W. Bishop, of Lenox, one 
born in Sutton, lived in Brookfield, and of the ablest lawyers of Berkshire county, 
died in North Brookfield, March 6, 1837. as a student, and made a thorough study 
He married, September 28, 1800, Mar- of the principles of law, but did not apply 
gery Rich, of Ware, Massachusetts. for admission to the bar until 1899, in 

(VII) Harvey Wellington, fourth son which year he was admitted. In 1861, at 
of Eli and Margery (Rich) Wellington, twenty-one years of age, he was offered 
was born in North Brookfield, June 28, a position as deputy sheriff by High 
1807, and resided in that town, where he Sheriff Root, of Berkshire, and from that 
was for many years engaged with his time his life has been entirely given to 
father-in-law in operating a tannery, public service. For a period of nineteen 
Here he married (first) December 2, 1830, years he continued to serve as deputy 
Lucy Hamilton, born November 9 , 1812, sheriff and until his election in 1880 as 
in Pompey, New York, daughter of James high sheriff. He was twice elected to 
and Lucy (Nichols) Hamilton, formerly this office and served for six years in all. 
of Brookfield. He married (second) Erne- The county seat was then at Lenox, and 
line Bartlett, September 26, 1839, daugh- during his last year of residence in that 
ter of Luther and Olive (Olds) Bartlett. town he was town treasurer. He also 
Luther Bartlett removed from Brookfield served in various other important capaci- 
to North Adams in 1809 and established a ties. In 1863 he was appointed a justice 
tannery on a site near that afterward oc- of the peace, and has continued as such 
cupied by the iron works on the north- to this time (1915), a period covering 
easterly side of what is known as Fur- over fifty years, probably the longest in 
nace Hill. His house stood near the sum- that office of any person in Berkshire 
mit of this hill. In May, 1822, he re- county, if not in the Commonwealth. In 
moved to Williamstown, where he long the same year he was also named by Gov- 
operated a tannery on Water street, and ernor Andrew a special coroner for Berk- 
in which his son-in-law, Harvey Welling- shire, and continued to fill that position 
ton, as noted above, was also engaged, until it was changed by the Legislature of 
For many years he was the village trial 1877 to medical examiner. The position 

58 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of special sheriff was created at that time, 
to which Mr. Wellington was appointed 
and he filled the same until his election 
as high sheriff. In 1863, in the Civil War 
period, he was also appointed United 
States deputy provost marshal. For 
many years he was assistant to A. J. 
Waterman, register of probate, and was 
several times appointed temporary regis- 
ter during the absence of Mr. Water- 
man. In the same line of duty he was 
frequently appointed as guardian admin- 
istrator and executor of estates, and as- 
signee in insolvency cases. In matters 
of insolvency and probate he was espe- 
cially well informed. The foundation 
laid by his study of law gave him a wide 
and exact knowledge and rare qualifica- 
tions for the office of high sheriff and 
others which he so acceptably filled. On 
January i, 1871, he removed, with other 
officials, to the new county seat at Pitts- 
field, and there took the post of deputy 
jailer and assistant to Sheriff Root, in 
reorganizing the prison under its new 
conditions. 

Upon his election to the office of high 
sheriff, Mr. Wellington determined to put 
in force what are now known as civil 
service rules in the organization of his 
office and the selection of deputies. This 
was naturally displeasing to some even 
in his own party, and led to petty annoy- 
ances from certain sections of the county. 
It also caused some small opposition to 
his reelection in 1883, but the general 
approval of his official conduct was so 
strong that he was renominated by ac- 
clamation, and reflected by the usual ma- 
jority, even some of the members of the 
opposing political party giving him their 
support. In all his actions, Sheriff Well- 
ington was ever sustained by the con- 
sciousness of upright intentions and of 
duty well performed. He was also 
sustained and encouraged by the enco- 



miums of his fellowmen and fellow 
officials. The leading members of the 
bar and the judges of the court extended 
to him the highest praise. In 1888 Mr. 
Wellington was appointed associate jus- 
tice of the District Court of Central Berk- 
shire, and is still serving in that capacity. 
At one time he was a member of the Board 
of Public Works. At the time of build- 
ing the bridge across the Connecticut 
river from Willimansett to Holyoke, 
known as the Willimansett bridge, he was 
appointed by Judge Knowlton of the 
Supreme Court as a commissioner to take 
testimony in order to determine the 
amount of money it was necessary to 
assess each town that had been benefited 
by the building of the bridge for this 
purpose. The taking of testimony to 
determine this question was of great mag- 
nitude and required ten days of close, 
hard work. At the time it attracted con- 
siderable attention in Hampden county, 
and required a man of more than the 
average ability. For a period of two 
decades Mr. Wellington has served as 
trustee of the City Savings Bank, which 
he was instrumental in forming in 1893 
and for which he obtained the charter, 
and in which he served as treasurer for 
twenty years, up to 1913 when he was 
elected vice-president, which position he 
still (1915) holds. 

Mr. Wellington was made a Mason in 
Evening Star Lodge, Free and Accepted 
Masons of Lee in 1862 ; he took demit 
to Mystic Lodge of Pittsfield, and is now 
a Mason-at-large. In 1882 he became a 
charter member of the Park Club. Mr. 
Wellington's dignified and courteous de- 
meanor, his stern regard for justice, and 
the unblemished purity of his life are 
elements which have earned for him a 
large number of friendships, which he 
still retains. The foundation laid by his 
early study of law and his experience, 



59 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



observation and wide reading give him 
an extended and exact range of knowl- 
edge, which especially qualifies him for 
the various offices which he fills with so 
much credit to himself and to the com- 
munity. 

Judge Wellington married, December 
2, 1863, Nancy B. Sears, born in Lenox, 
Massachusetts, daughter of Marshall 
Sears, of that town. On December 2, 
1913, they celebrated their golden wed- 
ding. Children: i. Marshall S., an 
undertaker in Pittsfield ; married Mabel 
E. White ; children : Roger W., Andrew 
S., Persis S. 2. Thomas A., engaged in the 
General Electric Works ; married Eliza- 
beth M. Winters. 3. Mary E., who con- 
ducts an art shop in Pittsfield. 4. Susan 
E., married Frank A. McMullins, part 
owner in the Electric Light & Water 
Plants in Eustis, Florida. 5. Fannie A. 
6. Hiram Bartlett, Jr., clerk and cashier 
in the County Savings Bank. 7. Harvey 
C., a machinist ; married Bessie S. Barnes, 
of Pittsfield ; two children : H. Sher- 
wood and Nancy B. 



PARENT, Pere Jean Baptiste, 
Honored Divine. 

For twenty-eight years Father Parent 
has been premier cure of the Parish of 
St. Jean Baptiste at Lynn, Massachusetts, 
celebrating his first mass there December 
18, 1887, the parish then numbering five 
hundred communicants, a number that 
has increased under his ministrations to 
forty-five hundred. This vast increase in 
numbers has brought added responsi- 
bilities, and the young priest of thirty- 
four is now the mature cure of sixty-three 
years, and his mental, spiritual and execu- 
tive growth has been in direct proportion. 
He has maintained a high spiritual 
standard in his parish, and in the cause 
of education has labored with great suc- 



cess. He brought to the parish a finely 
cultured mind, trained in the best church 
schools, a deep knowledge of theology of 
his creed, the enthusiasm of youth, and a 
devotion to his sacred calling unsur- 
passed. The years have but strengthened 
these attributes, responsibility has devel- 
oped latent qualities, and has added a 
wisdom and judgment that years alone 
can give. He is a man of wonderful per- 
sonality and magnetism, his strong intel- 
lectual features reflecting his depth of 
character, and his genial and sunny dis- 
position is evidenced by the cheerful 
expression of his features, wherein is 
expressed his sincere love for mankind. 

Jean Baptiste Parent was born in Ya- 
maska, Province of Quebec, Canada, 
December 15, 1853, of French parents, 
Jean Baptiste and Marie (Pepin) Parent. 
He was dedicated to the priesthood in 
boyhood and pursued classical study at 
the College Sorel, whence he was gradu- 
ated in 1874. He then began theological 
study and special preparation for holy 
orders at Three Rivers (Trois Rivieres) 
Seminary, Canada, and was ordained a 
priest of the Roman Catholic church in 
the Cathedral at Three Rivers, Septem- 
ber 23, 1877, by Monsignor Louis La- 
fleche. During 1877 and 1878 he served 
as professor at Three Rivers Seminary, 
and in the latter named year he began 
executive pastoral work as vicar in the 
country parish of Gentilly, remaining 
there until 1881. From that year until 
1883 he was spiritual head of the parish 
of St. Leon de Maskinonge. During 1883 
and until 1886 he was in service at the 
Cathedral at Three Rivers ; at Marlboro, 
Massachusetts, 1886-87 '> thence went to 
the French congregation at Salem, Mas- 
sachusetts, and shortly afterward was 
appointed to the parish of St. Jean Bap- 
tiste at Lynn, beginning his pastoral 
service, December 18, 1887. At the 



60 



. 



* - 



AST*. 

- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



present time (1915) five fraternal societies 
flourish within the parish with a member- 
ship of eight hundred men, including 
many young men ; a convent des Soeurs 
Ste. Anne was erected in 1907, and the 
"Ecole Paroissiale" built in 1900. This 
school now has an average daily attend- 
ance of seven hundred and fifty pupils, 
whom fifteen teachers, three of whom are 
lay teachers, instruct in the primary and 
grammar grades in both French and Eng- 
lish. The school authorities of Lynn hold 
the school in high appreciation, evidence 
of which is the admission of graduates 
from the grammar school to Lynn High 
School without examination. All the 
material affairs of the church are in pros- 
perous condition, church, parsonage, con- 
vent and school buildings are adequate, 
Father Parent's executive ability being 
only surpassed by his devoted care for the 
spiritual welfare of his people. 

One of the institutions of which Father 
Parent is justly proud is the St. Jean 
Baptiste Credit Union, surnamed "La 
Caisse Populaire," organized in 1910, 
under the Massachusetts State law with 
a view to promote thrift among his par- 
ishioners and to inculcate the habit of 
economy in the children of the parochial 
school. It is part of the mental training 
of the child, working on its intelligence 
and strengthening its will for what is 
good. Economy is a virtue, the practice 
of which is very difficult, but the Credit 
Union renders it compatible with all. 
It is a benevolent society, conducted ex- 
actly as savings banks. This institution 
ought to be better known and established 
in every school and congregation for it 
appeals to all philanthropic men. Father 
Parent's conviction is that the spirit of 
economy will favor the conquest of the 
fight against alcohol, the enemy of the 
human race, and will lessen the number 



of inmates in the institutions supported 
by the State, and in due time comfort and 
happiness will reign in a larger number of 
families of the working class, for "Prac- 
tice makes perfect" is the old proverb. 
Thrift and economy is a ruling passion 
inherent in the very woof and warp of the 
French people, as evidenced in the 
prompt manner the great French people 
discharged the indemnity paid to the Ger- 
mans in 1871. Father Parent was the 
first clergyman in the State of Massa- 
chusetts to establish an institution like 
the above, glorifying and nurturing this 
fundamental virtue of thrift. While thus 
working for the temporal advancement of 
his parishioners, Father Parent has by no 
means neglected their spiritual welfare. 
For being deeply impressed by his noble 
mission of saviour of souls, he has organ- 
ized associations for all the categories of 
persons in the parish in order to stimulate 
the practice of Christian virtues and 
thereby lead the souls to a higher state 
of sanctification. 

Father Parent, though heartily at- 
tached to his French Canadian race, is 
nevertheless as much an American and 
devoted to the United States as the 
people of English descent, owing to the 
fact that he was born in America and is a 
naturalized American citizen. He is an 
eloquent, earnest speaker, dignified, kind- 
ly and full of human sympathy. He 
keeps in close touch with his people and 
with current events, writes considerable 
for French publications in an interesting, 
lucid and graceful style, is highly re- 
garded outside his own church and great- 
ly loved by his parishioners. To the 
young men he is a friend and guide in 
matters other than spiritual, and to all 
his people he is firmly bound by ties of 
love and affection as well as by the ties 
of his priestly office. 



61 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



COOPER, George Henry, 

Coal Dealer and Real Estate Broker. 

George Henry Cooper, of Pittsfield, the 
well known real estate broker and coal 
dealer, is a representative of an English 
family. His father. William H. Cooper, 
born about 1809, in England, where he 
followed various occupations, came to this 
country and settled in Lee, Berkshire 
county. Massachusetts, where he engaged 
in gardening, and there he resided until 
his removal to Pittsfield. where he re- 
mained until his death in 1893. He mar- 
ried (second) Emily A. Roberts, daugh- 
ter of Freeborn Roberts. She survived 
him and now resides in Pittsfield. Of 
their seven children, six are now living, 
namely: Carolyn E.. living in Dobbs 
Ferry, New York, unmarried : George 
Henry, of further mention ; "William H., 
a resident of Dalton. Massachusetts ; 
Charles H.. a citizen of Pittsfield: Robert 
H.. of Pittsfield: Bessie, wife of Percy 
Cocks. residing in Brainard, Minnesota. 

George Henry Cooper was born Au- 
gust 15, 1867. in Lee. where he spent 
his boyhood, and attended school until 
sixteen years of age. Being a youth of 
ambition, he determined to seek employ- 
ment where he might find opportunity 
for advancement. He went to Pittsfield 
and there secured employment with F. 
G. Guilds & Company, truckmen, where 
he continued some six years. His next 
employment was with W. G. Morton, a 
wholesale coal dealer of Albany. New 
York, whom he represented as salesman 
on the road for a period of three years. 
Returning to Pittsfield, he entered the 
office of the Pomeroy Woolen Company, 
where he continued as bookkeeper until 
1895. At this time he decided to embark 
in business on his own account, and 
opened a retail coal establishment, which 
he has operated ever since, with marked 
success. His fair dealing and courteous 



treatment of the public have brought him 
many friends and a large patronage. He 
is a member of the Retail Coal Dealers' 
Association of the New England States, 
of which he was president several years. 
He has been very efficient in writing ad- 
vertisements, so worded as to attract at- 
tention and draw trade. His aptitude in 
this line attracted attention outside of his 
own community, and his services have been 
sought by many dealers throughout the 
country, to which he has responded. His 
keen wit has enabled him to put much of 
what is known as ''ginger" into his adver- 
tisements. He first began writing what 
is known as "Cooper osities." which at- 
tracted such wide attention that he be- 
came known throughout the United 
States and, indeed, in foreign countries, 
and has written many letters of an adver- 
tising nature for clients in many parts of 
the world. He has also, for several years, 
been interested in real estate, and is 
regarded as an expert in that kind of 
investment, and has often been engaged 
by proprietors of large properties to aid 
in their disposal. In this he has been 
verv successful and has handled manv 

f * 

large properties, including industrial 
plants and sub-divisions to the advantage 
of himself and his employers. To-day he 
occupies a leading position among real 
estate dealers of Xew England. Mr. 
Cooper was active in the organization of 
the Pittsfield Board of Trade, of which 
he was the first president, and is inter- 
ested in banking and other enterprises of 
his home city. He is vice-president of 
the Union Cooperative Bank of Pittsfield, 
a member of the corporation of the City 
Savings Bank of Pittsfield. and has been 
for many years a director of the Young 
Men's Christian Association. He is an 
active worker in the Christian Science 
church, and naturally espouses the broad 
principles of that organization. He is 
also a member of the Masonic and Odd 



62 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

Fellows' fraternities ; of the Park Club of he has so directed his affairs that now he 

Pittsfield, and of the advisory board of is enjoying many of the luxuries of life 

the Boys' Club Corporation. Mr. Cooper upon a fine farm, which is the visible 

has been for several years connected with evidence of his well directed thrift and 

the Pilgrim Publicity Association of Bos- industry in former years. He is regarded 

ton, and has spoken for them on the as a worthy scion of his race, which is an 

subjects of "Cooperation" and "City ancient one, and his personal worth and 

Planning" in many States of the Union, business accomplishments entitle him to 

and also in Canada. In him every insti- recognition as one who merits the esteem, 

tution or movement calculated to advance respect and good will of his fellowmen. 

the welfare of mankind finds an active (I) Edward Newell, great-grandfather 

friend. of Henry I. Newell, married Hannah 

Mr. Cooper married, September 16, Powney, at Badley, England. 

1891, Marietta C. Ayers, daughter of (H) Daniel Newell, son of Edward and 

Perry J. Ayers, a well known butcher and Hannah (Powney) Newell, was born in 

meat dealer, who for many years con- Birmingham, England, May 11, 1796, and 

ducted business on Fenn street, Pitts- died in Brooklyn, New York, November 

field, Massachusetts. Mr. and Mrs. 22> ^79. He was in active military 

Cooper have two children : Harold A., in service while in England, taking part in 

business with his father, and Myra t h e famous battle of Waterloo, at which 

Emily. Mrs. Cooper is a descendant of t j me he received so severe a gunshot 

one of the first white families in Pitts- woun d in his leg that it was found neces- 

field. Her mother, Marietta I. Ayers, sary to amputate that limb. He was a 

was a great social and community fine mus ician, a member of the band of 

worker in Pittsfield, where she was very his re gi me nt, and was also skilled in the 

wel . known. art O f ma kmg musical instruments, mak- 
ing the first silver-lined flute. When he 

NEWELL, Henry Irving, came to America he took U P his residence 

in New York City, where he was engaged 

Representative Citizen. j n the manufacture of tortoise shell 

While the business interests of Henry combs, novelties, etc. Later he removed 
Irving Newell, of Lanesboro, Berkshire to Brooklyn, New York. He married 
county, Massachusetts, have been large Lydia Talman, born in Fishkill, New 
and varied, he has not allowed them to York, April 15, 1804, died in Brooklyn, 
monopolize his entire time and attention, New York, April 8, 1854. Children : 
but has found opportunity for public Abraham, Edward, Mary, Sarah, James 
service which has made the community Talman, of further mention, 
he honors by his residence in it largely (HI) James Talman Newell, son of 
his debtor. In his business affairs he has Daniel and Lydia (Talman) Newell, was 
won the title and deserves the praise born in New York City, March 27, 1833, 
implied in the term "a selfmade man," for and died at Franklin, New Jersey, No- 
he started out in life empty handed, and vember 24, 1892. He was a contractor 
advanced to his present position through and builder, his business office being in 
personal merit, resulting from close appli- New York, and was accidentally killed 
cation, untiring diligence and unfaltering while superintending the erection of a 
perseverance. As the years have passed building in New York City. His political 

63 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

affiliations were with the Republican year he removed to Richmond Hill, 
party, of which he was a staunch supporter. Borough of Queens, Long Island, New 
He married, in Hempstead, Long Island, York, where he became very active in the 
January 22, 1856, Phebe Millicent Haff, development of that community. He was 
born in Brooklyn, New York, June 16, one of the organizers and promoters of 
1834, died in that town, January 28, 1903, the local fire department; he was a mem- 
daughter of Ebenezer Haff, who was born ber of the Jamaica school committee, one 
on Long Island, June 8, 1796, and died at of the most active promoters of the cause 
Hempstead, Long Island, October 4, of education, and a leading spirit in the 
1876. Children : William Talman, Henry establishment of the present Richmond 
Irving, of whom further ; Benjamin Haff, Hill High School building. For many 
James Talman, Jr. years he has been a member of the 
(IV) Henry Irving Newell, son of Congregational church at Richmond Hill, 
James Talman and Phoebe Millicent was one of its deacons, and for a long 
(Haff) Newell, was born in Brooklyn, time a member of its board of trustees. 
New York, September 10, 1863, and was In the year 1912 he purchased the Henry 
educated in the public schools of his W. Briggs farm in Lanesboro, Massa- 
native town. He left school at the age of chusetts, this consisting of one hundred 
fourteen years and commenced his busi- and twenty acres, and has been engaged 
ness career as an officeboy in a law office, in agricultural pursuits since that time, 
and while there utilized every spare He has displayed a commendable interest 
moment to perfect himself in the study of in the town affairs of Lanesboro since 
stenography. At the age of seventeen taking up his residence there, and has be- 
years he was already correspondent for a come very popular. He was elected 
number of newspapers, this line of work selectman of the town in March, 1914, 
bringing him into contact with prominent and is serving as chairman of the Board 
men of affairs. He then became confiden- of Selectmen at the present time. He is a 
tial clerk and stenographer in the Pinker- Republican in his political adherence. He 
ton Detective Agency, New York City, was one of the organizers of the Civic 
remaining there two years, after which Club of Lanesboro, Massachusetts, and 
he was associated with the importing its vice-president. This club was formed 
house of Mills & Gibb, of New York City, for the purpose of introducing many im- 
an association which continued for a provements into the town, and it has been 
period of eight years. His next business very successful in its operations. In 
connection was with James Lee & Com- association with others he established the 
pany, a large exporting house, and sub- Berkshire County Farm Improvement 
sequently he became a confidential execu- League, which was fathered by the Agri- 
tive for Lewisohn Brothers, and when cultural Section of the Board of Trade of 
this firm was merged into the United Pittsfield, Massachusetts, and Mr. Newell 
States Metals Selling Company, it was is the chairman of that section. He is 
the largest concern of its kind in the one of the incorporators of the Massa- 
world, and he remained with it seventeen chusetts Farm Land Bank which is to be 
years. His residence was in Brooklyn located in Springfield, 
until 1892, where he and his wife were Mr. Newell married, in Brooklyn, New 
active members of the Hanson Place York, November 20, 1884, Elizabeth Ran- 
Methodist Episcopal Church. In that dolph Bates, born in Brooklyn, July 25, 

64 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

1866, a daughter of Joseph Delaplaine November 20, 1743 ; Nathaniel, of further 
Bates, of further mention. Children : mention ; Jacob, born November 22, 
Lewis Bates, born November i, 1885; 1746; David, born March 4, 1750; Eliza- 
Henry Irving, Jr., born September 7, beth, born April 26, 1752; Edith, born 
1888; William Talman, born March 4, March 17, 1754. 

1892; Albert Lyman, born on Long (V) Nathaniel Bates, son of John and 

Island, November 5, 1894, died May 5, Edith (Wood) Bates> was born March 

1900; Joseph Delaplaine, born on Long ^ I? ^ and died November l8> lg25 

Island, January 6, 1899 ; Theodore Roose- He married) September 21, 1769, Hannah 

velt, twin of Joseph Delaplame. Church) bom October 22> iy ^ died No _ 

(The Bates Line). vember 19, 1840. Children: Elijah, of 

The family of Bates, Bate or Batt, as it further mention ; Abigail, born January 

was variously spelled, is ancient in Eng- 10, 1772; Nathaniel, born June 12, 1774; 

land, and many members of the family in Nathaniel, born April 7, 1777; Hannah, 

that country as well as in America have born J une 26, 1780; Charlotte, born Janu- 

been distinguished. The name is a form ary 17, 1782; Charles, born June 5, 1784; 

of Bertelot (Bartlett), derived from the Dacy, born July 26, 1786; Charles, born 

old name Bartholomew, when surnames February 6, 1789. 

came into vogue. The Bates coat-of-arms (VI) Elijah Bates, son of Nathaniel and 

is: A lion's head erased, gules. Hannah (Church) Bates, was born July 

(I) James Bate, of Lydd, Kent county, 27, 1770, and died February 4, 1850. He 
England, was born December 2, 1582, and married, June 15, 1800, Mary Ashley, a 
died in Dorchester, Massachusetts, in daughter of Dr. Israel Ashley, and a 
1655. He came to America in 1635, and granddaughter of Dr. Israel Ashley, a 
settled at Dorchester, where he was an surgeon in the French war. Children: 
elder of the church. He married Alice William Gelston, born November 17, 

, who died August 14, 1657. 1803, died July 5, 1880; Mary, born May 

(II) Samuel Bate, son of James and 29, 1809, died January 3, 1889; Henry 
Alice Bate, was born in England, Decem- Webster, of further mention ; Margaret, 
ber 19, 1624. He married Ann Withing- born May 25, 1822, died April 14, 1844. 
ton, daughter of Henry and Elizabeth (VII) Henry Webster Bates, son of 
Withington, of Dorchester, Massachu- Elijah and Mary (Ashley) Bates, was 
setts. born in Westfield, Massachusetts, July 

(III) James (2) Bates, son of Samuel 25, 1811, and died April 4, 1892. He mar- 
and Ann (Withington) Bate, was born ried, December 14, 1836, Elizabeth Ran- 
December 16, 1683, and died prior to dolph Everinghin, and had children: 
1745. He married, September 18, 1707, Joseph Delaplaine, of further mention; 
Hannah Bull, born April 30, 1681. and William Gelston. 

(IV) John Bates, son of James (2) (VIII) Joseph Delaplaine Bates, son of 
and Hannah (Bull) Bates, was born Henry Webster and Elizabeth Randolph 
March 3, 1717. He was for a time of (Everinghin) Bates, was born October 
Haddam, Connecticut; then of Durham, 29, 1839, and died in Brooklyn, New 
Connecticut; and finally of Granville, York, October 22, 1881. His occupation 
Massachusetts. He married Edith Wood, was that of salesman. He married, in 
of Middleton, Connecticut. Children: Brooklyn, New York, October 4, 1865, 
Hannah, born July 28, 1742; John, born Hannah M. Lewis, born in Brooklyn, 

MASS Voi 4s 65 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



September 6, 1836, died in Lanesboro, 
Massachusetts, March 2, 1913, daughter 
of Captain Ezra Lewis, of Chatham, Mas- 
sachusetts, born July 30, 1792, died in 
Brooklyn, New York, July 4, 1865 ; he 
located in New York City, where he be- 
came one of the prominent men in the 
shipping business. Of the five children 
of Mr. and Mrs. Bates the first four were 
born in Brooklyn. Children : Elizabeth 
Randolph, who married Mr. Newell, as 
above mentioned ; William Ezra, born 
July 13, 1868, died August 19, of the same 
year; Charles Augustus, born August 25, 
1869, died June 29, 1879; Helena Dela- 
plaine, born August 13, 1872, died June 24, 
1873 ; Joseph Delaplaine, born in Cran- 
ford, New Jersey, September 28, 1876; 
married Josephine T. Avery, of Westfield, 
Massachusetts, October I, 1902; their 
children were: Joseph Delaplaine, Jr., 
born August 7, 1903 ; Avery, born No- 
vember II, 1907, and Henry Webster, 
born May II, 1911. 



WOOD, William P., 

Manufacturer, Public Official. 

William P. Wood, who for nine years 
served in the capacity of chairman of the 
Board of County Commissioners for 
Berkshire county, Massachusetts, for 
many years a member of the well-known 
firm of Wood Brothers, piano and music 
dealers, in Pittsfield, and at the present 
time (1915) president of the Pittsfield 
Spark Coil Company, of Pittsfield, was 
born in Nailsworth, Gloucestershire, Eng- 
land, June 9, 1853. 

John P. Wood, father of William P. 
Wood, was born in Gloucestershire, Eng- 
land, in 1817, and with the exception of 
four years spent in the city of London, 
resided there until 1860, in which year he 
emigrated to the United States and took 
up his residence in Pittsfield, Massachu- 



setts. After completing his studies in the 
schools of his neighborhood, he served an 
apprenticeship at the trade of shoemaker, 
which line of work he followed through- 
out his active years, and after his removal 
to this country he established a shoe store 
and there carried on an extensive line of 
custom work. In July, 1896, when nearly 
four score years of age, he retired from 
active pursuits, after a business life of 
sixty-five consecutive years, and for a 
number of years enjoyed a well-merited 
leisure. He was a member of the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, the 
Knights of Pythias, and the Methodist 
Episcopal church. He married Elizabeth 
Hemming, born in 1823, daughter of John 
Hemming, also of Gloucestershire, Eng- 
land. Children : Joseph H., a member 
of the firm of Wood Brothers ; William 
P., of whom further; Richard A., who 
was associated with his brothers, though 
not a member of the firm, died in Pitts- 
field, August 6, 1915, and left one son, 
Joseph W., and one daughter, Mrs. R. 
H. Thomas ; Anna, wife of George Burt, 
of Pittsfield ; Elizabeth, wife of Jere 
Clark, of New Decatur, Alabama. Mr. 
Wood, the father of these children, died 
in 1908, aged ninety-one years, and his 
wife passed away in 1901, aged seventy- 
eight years. 

William P. Wood was educated in the 
public schools of Pittsfield, Massachu- 
setts, which he attended until he was 
thirteen years of age, when he secured 
employment with John Breakey, a shoe 
dealer, and later entered the employ of 
his father, after which he was a regular 
attendant of the evening schools and 
Carter's Business College, and by 
studious application he obtained a thor- 
ough knowledge of bookkeeping, mathe- 
matics and penmanship, essential aids to 
a successful business career. He con- 
tinued in his father's employ until 1873, 



66 



r 





.jo Co. 









s 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

and then became manager of the Berk- They carried the largest and most com- 
shire office of the Wheeler & Wilson plete stock of goods in their line to be 
Sewing Machine Company, assuming found between Boston and Albany, and 
charge of the sales, and by his thorough in their various departments, including 
and competent management he succeeded that of delivering goods, they employed 
in placing the business on a substantial the services of eleven persons. The firm 
basis, the volume of business increasing became favorably known throughout 
to a large extent, he having several men Berkshire and adjoining counties, and de- 
under his control, and covering practical- rived the patronage of residents of most 
ly all of Western Massachusetts. At the of the towns in the western part of the 
expiration of his five years tenure of this State. William P. Wood disposed of his 
office, he was transferred to the office of interest in this business in 1903. 
the same company at Waltham, where he Mr. Wood became interested in the 
had the general superintendency of all Pittsfield Spark Coil Company, in 1903, 
their work in the eastern part of the State of which he was one of the organizers, 
west of Boston. He employed a force of and their factory was located on Eagle 
twenty-five assistants, and here also his street until 1908, when they removed to 
business ability proved of great value, a Dalton, Massachusetts, and remained 
large amount of business being trans- there until 1915, when they returned to 
acted through this office. He tendered Pittsfield and located in a large factory 
his resignation in February, 1882, and on Fourth street, their product consist- 
upon his return to Pittsfield, he accepted ing of magnetos, firers, coils, distributors, 
the position of manager for Cluett & Sons, master vibrators, spark plugs, etc., the 
of Troy, in which capacity he served for a majority of which are made under patents 
number of months. After severing his issued to Mr. Wood, who is president of 
connection with that concern, he entered the company. The goods manufactured 
into partnership with his brother, Joseph are of the highest quality and find a ready 
H., and they purchased a store on West market, being disposed of at a fair price, 
street, Pittsfield, devoted to the sale of Mr. Wood has recently perfected and had 
music and musical instruments, and patented an ignition system for auto- 
tinder the firm name of Wood Brothers mobiles that, when placed upon the 
they conducted a successful business for market, bids fair to revolutionize the 
four years. The volume of business in- automobile industry and to meet all the 
creased rapidly, and finding their quarters requirements of a system that has been 
inadequate to the demands of their con- experimented upon heretofore with only 
stantly growing trade, they removed to partial success. It is constructed along 
more commodious premises at No. 131 lines that make it almost absolutely per- 
North street. At first the main floor only feet in every detail and thoroughly prac- 
was required to carry on their business, tical along all lines. 

but as new stock was added to meet the For a number of years prior to 1908 

demands of their numerous purchasers Mr. Wood was a director in the Wilcox 

more room became necessary, and subse- & White Organ Company, of Meriden, 

quently they added more space, occupy- Connecticut, builders of the Symphony 

ing nearly all of the second story of a and other self-playing organs and pianos. 

block of three stores, using it for their He was also for a number of years a 

organ, piano and repairing departments. director, and later vice-president, of the 

67 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

Boston Mutual Life Insurance Company, a member of Onota Lodge of Perfection ; 
a director of the Sisson Company of Pitts- past district deputy grand high priest of 
field, the Pittsfield National Bank, and this district, and past district deputy 
was one of the incorporators of the City grand master, also a member of the 
Savings Bank, serving at the present Princes of Jerusalem, of which he is the 
time (1915) as a member of its board of head. In 1908 he received the thirty- 
trustees, third degree, the highest in the order. 
For a number of years Mr. Wood has He is likewise a member and past chan- 
been active in the ranks of the Republican cellor of the Knights of Pythias, a past 
party, has served as a delegate to various master of the Ancient Order of United 
conventions and as member of the City Workmen, and a member of the Royal 
and State Central committees. During Arcanum. Formerly he belonged to the 
the second year of the city's existence, he Volunteer Fire Department, and he is 
was elected an alderman from Ward Six, now a member of the Veteran Firemen's 
which was a Democratic ward, by a Association. He also belonged to the 
majority of two hundred, and out of six Colby Guards, in which he ranked as 
hundred votes cast he received a majority third sergeant. He is a member of the 
of nine. He served on the fire department Park Club. 

committee, the committee on claims, the Mr. Wood married, December 25, 1873, 
finance committee, and police committee. Ida M. Davis, daughter of Edwin Davis, 
In November, 1887, he was elected county of Pittsfield, a farmer and dealer in neats- 
commissioner for a term of three years, foot oil, glue, etc. Children: i. Grace 
reelected in 1891 and 1894, and during E., married Albert Reeves Norton, a well 
the time that intervened the commis- known organist of Brooklyn, New York; 
sioners had many extra duties to attend children : Ida Laura, William C., Merrill 
to, including that of ventilating the court and Virginia. 2. Mary Elizabeth, married 
house, and the settling of the Mill Brook A. M. Brewer, of Amherst, Nova Scotia, 
claims. Mr. Wood was elected chairman engaged in the optical, real estate and fur 
of the Board of County Commissioners farming business ; children : William W., 
the second year of his term and continued George E. and Jean. 3. George Eldridge, 
in that office for eight consecutive years, who is serving as superintendent of his 
discharging the duties thereof to the father's factory ; married Varona Case ; 
entire satisfaction of all concerned. He children : Paul and Marjorie. 4. John 
has ever been watchful for the interests Edwin, part owner of the Sisson Garage 
of the party he espouses, advancing its on West street, Pittsfield ; married Ruby 
growth and success whenever he can. Parker, of Dalton ; children : Edwin, 
Mr. Wood has been equally active and Ralph, William, Grace. Mr. and Mrs. 
prominent in fraternal circles, in which he Wood, the parents of these children, at- 
has attained positions of honor and trust, tend the South Congregational Church. 
He was made a Mason in Crescent Lodge, Their home is at No. 48 Onota street, 
Free and Accepted Masons, in 1881, and Pittsfield, where Mr. Wood a few years 
is now a past master ; he is a member and ago erected a residence which is equipped 
past high priest of Berkshire Chapter ; a with everything necessary for the corn- 
member of Berkshire Commanderv. of fort and convenience of its inmates. 

* 

which he was eminent commander in Such is the brief review of the career 

1908; a member of the Berkshire Council ; of one who has achieved not only honor- 

68 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

able success and high standing among branch in Springfield, under the manage- 
men, but whose entire life has been irre- ment of his son, George S. Cook. For 
proachably correct, so that his character the last fifteen years the Mittineague 
is without stain. His life record demon- business was conducted under the man- 
strates the fact that success depends not agement of another son, Frederick R. 
upon circumstances or environments, but Cook. Mr. Cook was considerably inter- 
upon the man, and the prosperous citizen ested in West Springfield real estate, and 
is he who is able to recognize and improve was an esteemed and prominent citizen 
his opportunities. The one who works in of that town, where he resided until his 
the present and not in the future is he death, March i, 1915. He was an active 
who prospers, and such is the case with member of Hampden Lodge, Independent 
Mr. Wood, who has steadily advanced on Order of Odd Fellows, of Springfield, and 
the high road to success through his own was somewhat active in the councils of 
unaided efforts. the Republican party. For fifteen years 
he served on the town committee, and 

was water commissioner for five years, 
COOK, George Steele, 

from 1893 to 1898, being a member of 

Business Man, Public Official. the firgt board established by the town . 

George Steele Cook, president of the During this time the town took over the 
Board of Aldermen of the city of Spring- \vater works of Goodhue & Birnie. In 
field, is a son of William Frederick Cook, 1906 he was nominated for the Legis- 
who was born, according to the records lature on the Republican ticket, and was 
of Warwick, Massachusetts, February 4, elected and served by reelection a second 
1847, in that town, the son of Ashel Cook, term, making a very creditable record as 
The wife of the latter is not of record, a member of the lower house. He mar- 
William Frederick Cook went to Wor- ried Florence B. Steele, daughter of Rev. 
cester, Massachusetts, when twenty years Daniel and Harriet (Binney) Steele. She 
old, and was employed there for some died in 1885, in West Springfield, leaving 
time as a machinist. Thence he removed two sons and a daughter: Frederick R., 
to Springfield, Massachusetts, and was born 1878, who continues the business 
employed by the Smith & Wesson Com- established by his father, in Mittineague, 
pany, pistol manufacturers, and later at married Mabel Murphy, of that village ; 
the United States Armory. He was a George Steele, whose name heads this 
skillful mechanic, and held numerous re- article, and Marion. Mr. Cook married 
sponsible positions, with corresponding (second) Carrie B. Norton, who died in 
emoluments. He was careful of his May, 1913. 

earnings, and was enabled to engage in George Steele Cook was born March 22, 

business on his own account, in 1872, 1880, in West Springfield, and \vas edu- 

when he settled at Mittineague, in West cated in the public schools there, gradu- 

Springfield, and engaged in business as ating from the high school with the class 

a dealer in coal and ice. To this he added of 1898. His vacations and leisure periods 

a general line of mason's supplies and were employed in assisting his father in 

also did an extensive trucking business, the conduct of his business, and after 

under the name of the W. F. Cook Supply leaving school he began his business 

Company. In 1905 he established a career as clerk in the grocery store of J. 

69 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



B. Smith, at Mittineague. After less than 
a year in this position he was employed 
in the wholesale and retail grain and 
masonry supply business of the S. D. 
Viets Company, where he began as a 
clerk, in the fall of 1899, but soon became 
foreman, in which position he continued 
a year and a half, and was subsequently 
for five years manager of the Springfield 
branch of the business, following the 
death of Mr. J. D. Viets, who had former- 
ly filled that position. In 1908 he became 
a stockholder and director in the com- 
pany, and so continued until he withdrew 
in 1911 to engage in business on his own 
account. Since that time he has con- 
ducted an extensive business in cement 
and plaster and masons' materials of all 
kinds, supplying many of the largest con- 
tractors in Springfield and neighboring 
towns. Mr. Cook is very active in foster- 
ing the various social, commercial and 
moral interests of Springfield, is a mem- 
ber of the Commercial Travelers Club, 
the Springfield Club, and the Calhoun 
Club. He is also a member of the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks 
of Springfield. In 1900 he was elected a 
member of the common council of Spring- 
field, representing Ward One in that body 
for two years. He has always been 
actively identified with the Republican 
party, and exercises a large influence in 
its councils. In 1912 he was elected a 
member of the Board of Aldermen of 
Springfield, and reflected in 1914 for two 
years, and on the reorganization of that 
body, in 1915, he was elected president of 
the board. He is also a member of the 
Board of Trade of Springfield. He mar- 
ried, December 5, 1905, Mabel G. Eye, 
daughter of James Eye, of Red Beach, 
Maine, and they are the parents of two 
sons: Rodney, born February 24, 1907; 
Norman, May n, 1911. 



BOWMAN, Henry Hubbard, 

Manufacturer, Financier. 

The Bowman family, represented in the 
present generation by Henry Hubbard 
Bowman, one of the prominent and suc- 
cessful business men of Springfield, Mas- 
sachusetts, claims as its ancestor Wil- 
liam Bowman, who was a resident of 
Brookfield, Massachusetts, where he was 
a surveyor of land, and later a sealer of 
leather, serving in that capacity in 1/98- 
99. The "History of Amherst" states 
that he surveyed the boundary line be- 
tween Amherst and Shutesbury, October 
25, 1792, and the "History of North 
Brookfield" names him as one of the 
minute-men of that town who enlisted for 
the term of six months, November 14, 
1774. His wife, Susannah (Hinds) Bow- 
man, whom he married, May 23, 1769, 
was born in Brookfield, March 15, 1750, 
died May 31, 1849, daughter of Corlis and 
Janet (McMaster) Hinds, and fourth in 
descent from James Hinds, the immi- 



grant. 



The line of descent to Henry Hubbard 
Bowman is through William Bowman, 
son of the preceding couple, who was 
born in Brookfield, Massachusetts, De- 
cember 22, 1776, died in Sunderland, Au- 
gust 5, 1866, having lived far beyond the 
allotted time of three score years and ten. 
He was a tiller of the soil, from which 
occupation he derived a comfortable live- 
lihood, and he conducted his operations 
in various places, namely: Amherst, 
Hadley, Deerfield, Shutesbury and Sun- 
derland, removing to the last named 
town in the year 1825. He married, Au- 
gust 1 6, 1804, Tirzah, daughter of Caleb 
Hubbard, who bore him the following 
named children: Tryphena, Montague, 
Mary, Caleb Hubbard, Julia, Creusa 
Marsh, Clarissa, Betsey Vannevar, Tirzah 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Almira, William Francis. The mother of 
these children died July 13, 1860. 

Caleb Hubbard Bowman, father of 
Henry Hubbard Bowman, was born in 
Sunderland, Massachusetts, March 30, 
1809, and died in Springfield, Massachu- 
setts, June 3, 1873. He served an ap- 
prenticeship at the mason's trade, which 
line of work he followed in North Sunder- 
land, where he resided until 1859, when he 
removed to Springfield, and there fol- 
lowed his trade, continuing a resident of 
that city until his death. He believed in 
the doctrines of the Baptist church, 
changing his religious faith from that of 
his parents, who were members of the 
Congregational church, but followed in 
the footsteps of his father in politics, be- 
ing a staunch adherent of Republican 
principles. He married, September 6, 
1843, Persis Maria Field, born August 25, 
1818, in Deerfield, third daughter of 
Elisha and Persis Dona (Hubbard) Field, 
and the sixteenth in descent from Roger 
Del Feld, of Sowerby, England. Elisha 
Field was a native of Leverett, Massa- 
chusetts, born February 19, 1781, died in 
Deerfield, August 25, 1865. He removed 
from Leverett to Sunderland in 1806, and 
ten years later took up his residence in 
Deerfield, where he spent the remainder 
of his days. His wife, Persis Dona (Hub- 
bard) Field, whom he married, November 
1 8, 1806, was born July i, 1784, died Feb- 
ruary 4, 1857; she was the daughter of 
Caleb and Tryphena (Montague) Hub- 
bard, of Sunderland. Children of Mr. and 
Mrs. Field : Alden Cooley, Elijah Strat- 
ton, Lucretia Ashley, Calista Hubbard, 
Jonathan Spencer, Persis Maria, Try- 
phena Montague, Mary Jane, Elisha 
Hubbard and Martha Marilla. Children 
of Mr. and Mrs. Bowman, all born in 
Sunderland: i. Eveline Maria, born De- 
cember 1 6, 1844; married, January i, 
1867, Rufus D. Sanderson, formerly of 



Whately, now deceased ; resides in 
Springfield. 2. Ellen Augusta, born May 
18, 1847, died May 18, 1859. 3- Henry 
Hubbard, of further mention. 4. Jane 
Elizabeth, born February 2, 1854, in 
Springfield. 

Henry Hubbard Bowman was born in 
Sunderland, Franklin county, Massachu- 
setts, June i, 1849. The public schools 
of his native town and those of the city 
of Springfield afforded him the means of 
obtaining a practical education, his gradu- 
ation taking place from the high school of 
Springfield in the class of 1867. His first 
employment was as office boy for Howes 
Norris, agent for the Remington Arms 
Company, and his next employer was 
General Horace C. Lee, agent for the 
Lamb Knitting Machine Company, both 
of whom he served faithfully and well. 
On April i, 1867, he secured a position in 
the Springfield Institution for Savings, 
with which he was connected until 1879, 
a period of twelve years, during which 
time he advanced to the position of assist- 
ant treasurer. In the last mentioned year 
he was appointed cashier of the City Na- 
tional Bank, of which he was one of the 
organizers, and served in that capacity 
until 1893, when he organized the Spring- 
field National Bank and became its first 
president, being well qualified both by 
experience in monied institutions and by 
being the possessor of executive ability of 
a high degree. In addition to the above 
he organized and has since served as 
president and director of the United 
States Spring Bed Company ; assisted in 
organizing the Holyoke Card and Paper 
Company, and has since been its treas- 
urer and one of its directors ; was one of 
the organizers of the Confectioners' Ma- 
chinery & Manufacturing Company, now 
known as the National Equipment Com- 
pany, of which he has since been treas- 
urer and a director ; assisted in organiz- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ing the Consolidated Wrapping Machine 
Company, of which he was for some time 
treasurer and director; organizer of the 
Automatic Weighing Machine Company 
of New York, of which he was a director ; 
one of the organizers of the United But- 
ton Company of New York, of which he 
is a director ; he was one of the organizers 
of the Springfield Realty Trust, of which 
he was treasurer and a trustee; director 
of the Potter Knitting Company, but has 
now sold out his interest ; director and 
treasurer of the J. Stevens' Arms & Tool 
Company of Chicopee Falls. 

Mr. Bowman is also actively interested 
in lines outside of business pursuits, in 
which he is called upon to act in respon- 
sible offices, his advice and counsel being 
of the greatest value. He is a member of 
the Board of Trade, and from 1904 to 
1908 was its president ; is treasurer, direc- 
tor and trustee of the International 
^oung Men's Christian Association Col- 
lege ; treasurer of the City Library Asso- 
ciation ; and was a trustee of the Hitch- 
cock Free Academy of Brimfield, of which 
he was also treasurer for a period of 
seventeen years, and chairman of the 
finance committee ; was a trustee of Wes- 
son Memorial Hospital ; was a member of 
the River Front Advisory Commission ; 
and an honorary member of the Naval 
Brigade. His activity also extends to the 
political field, and he was chosen as a 
member of the Common Council, in which 
he served two years, 1887-88, being presi- 
dent of that body in the last mentioned 
year ; was a member of the Board of 
Aldermen for three years, presiding over 
that body during the last year of his 
term of service. Mr. Bowman is also 
prominent in fraternal circles, affiliating 
with many organizations in which he is 
honored and esteemed, namely : George 
Washington Chapter, Sons of the Amer- 



ican Revolution ; Connecticut Valley His- 
torical Society; Springfield Lodge, Free 
and Accepted Masons; Morning Star 
Chapter, Royal Arch Masons ; Springfield 
Council, Royal and Select Masters ; Royal 
Arcanum ; and is a member of the follow- 
ing clubs : Winthrop, Nayasset, Country, 
Economic, Anglers, of which he was also 
a director; South Branch Fishing; 
Canadian Camp, of New York City; 
Engineers, of New York City ; and "The 
Club," of Springfield, a literary organiza- 
tion. He holds membership in the First 
Highland Baptist Church, and has been 
chairman of its board of directors. Mr. 
Bowman has traveled extensively not 
only throughout his own country, visiting 
all the places of interest, but also over a 
large portion of Canada and Mexico, and 
in 1878, in company with Ralph W. Ellis, 
visited the Old World, and toured nearly 
every country, both continental and 
insular. 

Mr. Bowman married (first) November 
18, 1874, Gertrude Mary Ellis, born in 
South Hadley Falls, April 16, 1851, died 
November 25, 1893. Children: i. Madel- 
ine, born December 28, 1876; married, 
May 15, 1899, Alexander Amerton Mor- 
ton, of Wakefield, Massachusetts; chil- 
dren : Amerton Bowman, born September 
1 8, 1900; Frederic Wilbur, born Decem- 
ber 28, 1902. 2. Harry Ellis, born Octo- 
ber 20, 1882, died December 22, 1882. 3. 
Tula Ellis, born October 30, 1883; mar- 
ried, January 8, 1907, George Shaw Sabin, 
of Portland, Maine ; child : Henry Bow- 
man, born January 28, 1908. Mr. Bow- 
man married (second) January 23, 1895, 
Lida (Graves) De Golyer, widow of 
Joseph De Golyer, of Troy, New York. 
She died October 18, 1899. Mr. Bowman 
married (third) February 6, 1902, Mary 
(Graves) Eddy, widow of Lawrence B. 
Eddy, and a sister of his second wife. 



72 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

LEAVITT, William Whipple, He married Mary Wadleigh and died in 

Civil War Veteran, Physician. 

His eldest child was Nathaniel Leavitt, 

The dean of the medical profession in born December 27, 1727, and resided for 
Berkshire county, Massachusetts, Dr. t h e greater part of his life in Exeter, 
William W. Leavitt, has been continuous- where most of his children were born, 
ly engaged in practice for a period of He died in February, 1824, in his ninety- 
fifty-five years and, still active in mind seventh year. He married Lydia San- 
and body, continues in the same work of born, born February 26, 1737, daughter of 
humanity at the present time. His father Jeremiah and Lydia (Dearborn) San- 
was a physician in active practice forty born, died in November, 1827, in her 
years in the county, and the family has ninety-first year. 

been identified with all that makes for Their fifth son > Dudley Leavitt, was 

progress in New England nearly three born March 2 5> ^ in Exeter, resided 

centuries some time in Deerfield, and removed to 

r^, . T , Grantham, New Hampshire, where he 
The immigrant ancestor was John 

T -it, . T- i died December 29, 1830. He married, 

Leavitt, a tailor, born 1608 in England, _. 

, . _ June 26, 1791, Hannah Prescott, born 

who settled in Dorchester, Massachusetts, , , T . . 

June 25, 1775, daughter of Josiah and 

as early as 1634. Soon removing to , c .,, N -r, r T-\ c. u 

Betsey (Smith) Prescott, of Deerfield, 

Hingham, same colony, he was admitted and they were the parents of thirteen 

a freeman, March 3, 1636, was granted a children 

house lot in the same year and was fre- The third son> Dr Dudley Leavitt, was 
quently in the public service. From 1656 born February 18, 1798, in Grantham, and 
to 1664 he was deputy to the General died in October, 1868, in West Stock- 
Court, was selectman seven years and bridge, Massachusetts, where he engaged 
deacon of the church. He died November in the practice of medicine throughout his 
20, 1691. The name of his first wife is active life. He graduated from Dart- 
unknown. He married (second) Decem- mouth College and located in West Stock- 
ber 16, 1646, Sarah (surname not pre- bridge in 1829, and became one of the 
served), who survived him and died May best known physicians of Western Mas- 
26, 1700. sachusetts, esteemed for his ability and 

The second son of the second marriage, high character. He married, May 22, 

Moses Leavitt, was born August 12, 1650, 1834, Lydia Whipple, of Croydon, New 

in Hingham, and settled at Exeter, New Hampshire, born February 24, 1809, of 

Hampshire, where he was a prominent one of the oldest families of that region, 

citizen, moderator seven years, selectman died in 1868. She was a member of the 

four years, and representative in the Congregational church. 

General Court four years. He married, Dr. William Whipple Leavitt, son of 

October 26, 1681, Dorothy Dudley, Dr. Dudley and Lydia (Whipple) Leavitt, 

daughter of Rev. Samuel Dudley and was born September i, 1837, in West 

granddaughter of Governor Thomas Dud- Stockbridge, Massachusetts, and was the 

ley. only child of his parents to grow to 

Joseph Leavitt, fourth son of Moses maturity. His early years were passed in 

and Dorothy (Dudley) Leavitt, resided his native town, where he received in- 

in Exeter and Deerfield, New Hampshire, struction in the public schools and acad- 

73 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

emy. He was later a student at Lenox entered actively into practice, taking care 

and Spencertown academies and Williams of most of the work of his aged father, 

College, where he completed the sopho- who soon passed away. Dr. William W. 

more year. For a time he studied medi- Leavitt continued there in practice until 

cine at Albany Medical College, and 1873, when he went abroad and spent 

graduated from the College of Physicians thirteen months in study and observation 

and Surgeons, New York City, March i, in the hospitals of London and Paris. 

1860. A year of hospital practice on Resuming his practice at West Stock- 

Blackwell's Island gave him practical ex- bridge, he continued until 1884, when he 

perience, and he received a commission as removed to Pittsfield. Here a larger 

assistant surgeon in the United States field for the exercise of his talents was 

navy, June i, 1861. This was obtained offered, and here he has continued in 

after a most thorough examination in active practice since. His long experi- 

both theory and practice, consuming four ence and his special studies abroad espe- 

days, and he was highly commended by cially fitted him to handle the most 

the naval surgeons for his practical critical cases, and he has long enjoyed the 

knowledge of both medicine and surgery, confidence and esteem of the public of 

He was first assigned to the sloop-of-war, Western Massachusetts. He is appre- 

"Cumberland," on which he participated ciated and admired, not only as the good 

in the capture of Hatteras Inlet, and was physician but as a citizen of progressive 

later on this vessel engaged in watching ideas, of high ideals and unbounded inter- 

for the "Merrimac" at Newport News, est in the promotion of human welfare. 

December 23, 1861, he was ordered to He is the sole survivor among the phy- 

New York on the gunboat, "Owasco," sicians in practice at Pittsfield when he 

which sailed February 5, 1862, for New came there, and has long been actively 

Orleans. Dr. Leavitt was in all the associated with the Berkshire Medical 

engagements in that vicinity and at the Society. 

capture of New Orleans, as well as in the He married (first) December 5, 1861, 

first engagement under Farragut at Emma Jane Sanford, of Great Barrington, 

Vicksburg, Mississippi. He was at the Massachusetts, born March 20, 1839, at 

capture of Galveston, Texas, January i, Green River, New York, daughter of 

1863, and in the engagement when that John Farnham and Louisa Derby (Wil- 

point was retaken by the Confederates. Hams) Sanborn, died November 6, 1884. 

Out of one hundred men on the "Owasco" The only child of this marriage, Dudley 

at the capture of Galveston, only thirty- Leavitt, was born July 16, 1864, gradu- 

three were fit for duty when the engage- ated at Yale College and spent two years 

ment was over. By reason of age, Dr. in pursuit of medical experience in 

Dudley Leavitt became unable to care French hospitals. The last years of his 

for his practice, and now urged his son to practice were spent at Stockbridge, where 

return home and assist him. The latter he died in 1914; he married Laura Smith, 

tendered his resignation, July 23, 1863, daughter of Dr. A. M. Smith, of Pitts- 

and this was accepted and he was honor- field, and they had two children, Dudley 

ably discharged in October following. In and Dorothy. The latter has led her 

the meantime he had participated in the classes at Great Barrington for two years, 

capture of Mobile, Alabama. On his and is a young lady of much promise, 

return to West Stockbridge, he at once Dr. Leavitt married (second) Frances 

74 




ff 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

Freedley ; she died in 1890. Dr. Leavitt enterprises of such value, that they have 
married (third) Ida May Benjamin. become identified in the public mind with 
Dr. Leavitt is a member of the great the civil, social, industrial and intellec- 
Masonic brotherhood, affiliating with tual life of the State. In this connection 
Wisdom Lodge, Free and Accepted it is essential that we give more than 
Masons, of Stockbridge ; Berkshire Chap- a passing mention to the name of Sedg- 
ter, Royal Arch Masons ; Berkshire Com- wick, so ably represented in the present 
mandery, Knights Templar, both of Pitts- generation by Henry Sedgwick, of Lenox, 
field ; and Aleppo Temple, Ancient Arabic Massachusetts. His family has long been 
Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, of represented in America, his emigrant 
Boston. He has held all the principal ancestor having come to this country 
chairs in the Blue Lodge, and is widely from England, and was a representative 
known and respected in the fraternity, of an old Saxon family. 
While not particularly interested in (I) Asher Sedgwick, grandfather of 
politics, he takes the part of a good citizen Henry Sedgwick, was a resident of West 
in public affairs, and sustains every effort Hebron, Connecticut, from which town 
for the promotion of political and moral and State he came to Massachusetts. He 
progress. While in Stockbridge he served first located in Washington, to which 
the town several years as selectman. town he came as a pioneer. There he 
lived the primitive life of the men of those 

from morn 



SEDGWICK, Henry, . , 

at night to subdue the forest and reclaim 

Financier, Enterprising Citizen. the wiw land Herg he fdled the trees 

Among the representative men of Mas- and overcame the many obstacles neces- 
sachusetts, who stand as great milestones sary to allow him to build a house in the 
on the pathway of life, directing the clearing he had made in that then almost 
young along the highway of sobriety and inpenetrable forest. It requires no stretch 
success, none stand out more prominently of the imagination to understand the for- 
than Henry Sedgwick who, for more than titude exhibited by the men of that day 
half a century, has been a leader in the as in many instances with axe in hand 
financial, social and business affairs of and a few absolute necessities of life lead- 
Lenox, and to-day, although he has ing a horse upon which perhaps was 
passed his eighty-fifth milestone on the seated the bride of only a few days they 
journey of life, is still as active and inter- went forth, often many miles into an 
ested in all affairs as in the past. There unbroken forest, their only guide being 
are certain names so woven into the very blazed trees, facing all the hardships in- 
texture of Massachusetts history that imicable with life under such rude sur- 
they have come in a manner to be syno- roundings. But he conquered the ob- 
nymous with the State itself. The mem- stacles that lay in his pathway and in time 
bers of these families have entered as he had a small farm. This he later dis- 
actors into the most signal and determin- posed of and next we find him comfort- 
ing events that have revolutionized the ably located in Lenox and here he fol- 
condition, developed the resources and lowed agricultural pursuits. Inured by 
shaped the career of the communities in hardship to think and plan what more 
which they have resided, and have natural than that he be sought for by 
originated and carried into execution his townsmen who knew that he pos- 

75 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



sessed the requirements necessary to 
assist in directing the affairs of these new 
towns, and so we find him a broad- 
minded, liberal and observant man who 
can well be trusted with any responsi- 
bility his townspeople may see fit to place 
in his hands, and thus we find him fill- 
ing many offices of trust and responsi- 
bility. He served as a member of the 
board of assessors and the board of 
selectmen of Lenox, and was a represen- 
tative to the General Court. But it was 
not alone in civil affairs we find him inter- 
ested. When the dark clouds of war 
hung heavy in the sky and the War of 
1812 became imminent, we find him dis- 
playing the same courage as when he 
went forth to conquer and subdue the 
forces of nature many years before. He 
does not hesitate. He knows it is the 
duty of every man who loves his country 
to help protect her interest at a time like 
this, and he goes forth as courageously to 
battle, to do and die, if need be, as when 
he went forth into that unbroken forest 
to makes the forces of nature subservient 
to his iron will. He does his duty and 
lives to see the sky cleared of that ominous 
cloud, and in the town where he has done 
his best life work, where he has served 
not only those interests but also those of 
country and state, and in the fullness of 
years he lays down the burden which he 
has so manfully carried and passes on to 
his just reward. 

(II) Thomas Sedgwick, son of Asher 
Sedgwick, was born in Berkshire county, 
Massachusetts. He was educated in the 
common schools, and was one of the early 
students at the Lenox Academy, where 
he made excellent use of his opportu- 
nities. Upon the completion of his studies 
he became a merchant and manufacturer, 
and was also engaged to a considerable 
extent in agriculture. For a time he was 
actively connected with a paper mill at 



Pleasant Valley in the town of Lee, and 
was also president of the Lee Bank. Like 
his father he was prominent in the public 
affairs of the town, and served as a mem- 
ber of the Board of Assessors of Lenox. 
His political support was given to the 
Whig party until its dissolution, when he 
joined the ranks of the Republicans. He 
married Luna Cook. He died in 1882 at 
the age of seventy-eight years. 

(Ill) Henry Sedgwick, who for the 
past fifty years has been actively identi- 
fied with the banking and business in- 
terests of Lenox, was born in that town, 
May 4, 1830, son of Thomas and Luna 
(Cook) Sedgwick. The common schools 
of his district furnished him with a sound, 
elementary education, and this was sup- 
plemented by a complete course at the 
Lenox and Lee academies, from which he 
was graduated. In the meantime he had 
had practical training in all the details of 
agricultural work, and was for a number 
of years exclusively engaged in following 
these pursuits. At an early age it became 
apparent to him that farming was not his 
vocation, and shortly afterward he be- 
came identified with the financial in- 
terests of the town, and when it was de- 
cided to have a national bank he was 
unanimously chosen as its president. 
How wisely that choice was made can 
better be understood and appreciated 
when we consider that throughout all 
the succeeding years, now more than 
three decades, that he has occupied the 
same position, and during which time, 
owing to various periods of depression in 
the money market, many older and 
stronger institutions have gone down 
with a sudden crash, this bank has gone 
steadily on bidding defiance to the storms 
that raged in every crisis and has grown 
stronger with each succeeding year of 
life, constantly enlarging its scope and 
strengthening its credit until to-day no 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



bank in any town the size of Lenox en- 
joys a larger credit or a better reputation 
for its solid financial methods than the 
First National Bank of Lenox. In all 
these years Mr. Sedgwick has ever been 
at the helm to guide it past all shoals or 
rocks of poor investments or worthless 
notes which by an error of judgment 
might wreck its course. Few men to-day 
in the commonwealth can look back to a 
more successful career in the banking 
world and it is small wonder that he is 
consulted and his advice readily taken 
upon any and every matter pertaining to 
financial affairs. He was also president 
of the Savings Bank of Lenox for nearly 
a quarter of a century, but resigned from 
this, but is still a member of the invest- 
ment committee of that institution. He 
has been associated with this bank since 
1889, and is one of the few now living of 
the original incorporators of either of the 
two banks mentioned. His administra- 
tion of affairs has been greatly to the ad- 
vantage of the institutions and their 
patrons. His public service has been 
rendered as town assessor, in which office 
he served five years, and as superinten- 
dent, clerk and treasurer of the Lenox 
Cemetery Commissioners, holding the 
two latter offices for thirty years. At the 
age of twenty he joined the Congrega- 
tional church, with which he has been 
affiliated ever since. For thirty years he 
has served as superintendent of the Sun- 
day school, and for the same period he 
has been clerk of the church. His ad- 
dresses on various occasions have been 
eloquent and impressive in a remarkable 
degree. Thus it can readily be seen that 
for over thirty years Mr. Sedgwick has 
stood at the head of the financial affairs, 
town affairs and church affairs. Well 
may he be called a leader. The choice of 
the people in all the positions in which he 
has been placed has been justified. No 
matter what position he has filled it has 



been well filled and it is due to men like 
him, although they are few, that the 
town of Lenox, Massachusetts, is known 
throughout the United States. 

Mr. Sedgwick married, November 7, 
1859, Mary C. Judd, born in Lenox, a 
daughter of the late James Judd, of that 
town. She was a woman greatly beloved 
by all. Her death occurred in her native 
town, May 7, 1911. Their children were: 
The Rev. Arthur H. Sedgwick, graduate 
of Amherst College, who was in charge 
of a Congregational church at Belle Plain, 
Iowa, but is now in Vienna, Virginia ; 
Rev. Edward C. Sedgwick, who was for 
a time pastor of the Congregational 
church at Curtisville, Massachusetts, and 
is now engaged in the milk and creamery 
business at Lenox; Carrie C., at home; 
Manton R., graduate of Amherst College, 
married Florence May Gallon, of Am- 
herst, Massachusetts, and has children : 
Madeline, Elizabeth, and Brewster; T. 
Llewellyn, who is at the farm at Lenox- 
dale with Edward C. Mr. and Mrs. Sedg- 
wick observed their golden wedding, May 
7, 1909. He is now one of the oldest resi- 
dents in Lenox. His farm and one other 
are the only ones now left that have not 
been cut into by the inroads of summer 
residents. 



HUMPHREY, Edwin L., 

Retired Business Man. 

Edwin L. Humphrey, of Pittsfield, Berk- 
shire county, Massachusetts, who is now 
living retired from business cares and re- 
sponsibilities, is a man of excellent busi- 
ness ability, who recognized his opportu- 
nities, and not only utilized them for his 
own advantage but for the benefit of the 
community in which he lives. 

The Humphrey family is a very ancient 
one. The name, with its orthographic 
variations of Humphreys, Humphries, 
Umphrys, Umphry, etc., appears in the 



77 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



New England colonies as early as 1634. 
From that time until the present the de- 
scendants of the immigrant of this date, 
and of other later comers, have contrib- 
uted to the development of the country 
and its people. Works of biography tell 
of many eminent men in Britain, one of 
them, a Duke of Gloucester, bearing this 
cognomen ; and the origin of the name 
has been traced by some writers to the 
invasion of Britain by William the Con- 
queror, in whose retinue were persons 
bearing the name or one like it. Sir 
Robert de Humfreyville was one of the 
followers of William the Conqueror. 
Humphrey. Lord of Bohun, had descend- 
ants who became earls of Hereford. The 
family had many members who went 
with the Crusaders to the Holy Land, 
and many have distinguished themselves 
in other ways. The name is found in 
several counties, in the Domesday Book, 
and has long been common in all parts of 
England. John Humphrey was deputy- 
governor of the Massachusetts Company, 
and returned to England in 1632. but left 
sons behind him. 

Isaac Humphrey was born in Xew 
York, in 1811, and died at Pittsfield, Mas- 
sachusetts, in 1857. In early manhood he 
took up his residence in Pittsfield, Massa- 
chusetts, and there, while cultivating his 
farm, also engaged in the business of lime 
burning. He married Mary Luce, daugh- 
ter of Constance Luce, who died in Sep- 
tember, 1890. and of their five children 
but one. the subject, is living at the 
present time. 

Edwin L. Humphrey, son of Isaac and 
Mary ('Luce) Humphrey, was born in 
Stephentown. Xew York. July 31, 1835. 
He was but five years of age when he re- 
moved with his parents to Pittsfield. Mas- 
sachusetts, and practically his entire life 
has been spent in that city. 

He was educated in the public schools 
of Pittsfield. and as his strength per- 



mitted, became the assistant of his father, 
both in the cultivation of the farm and 
the lime burning industry. At the death 
of his father in 1857, Mr. Humphrey was 
well qualified to assume the responsible 
duties devolving upon him, and continued 
the lime burning industry with a great 
amount of success until 1875. In farming 
he was equally successful. In 1875 ne 
engaged extensively in granite quarrying, 
and continued this in a very satisfactory 
manner until his retirement recently. His 
political affiliation is with the Republican 
party, and he is a member of the South 
Congregational Church of Pittsfield. He 
has never desired to hold public office, 
nor is he a member of any fraternal or- 
ganization. 

Mr. Humphrey married, October 14, 
1858. Asenath Xoble, of Hartford, Con- 
necticut, born there. September 18, 1837, 
daughter of James and Asenath Smith 
i Martin) X'oble, who were the parents of 
two children : James Martin, a resident 
of East Hartford, and Asenath, mentioned 
above. James Xoble was a merchant 
tailor of Hartford, the first to keep ready 
made clothing for captains on the boats 
running to and from Xew York, and later 
a traveling salesman for Storrs Brothers ; 
he died in Pittsfield. Massachusetts, in 
the home of his daughter. Mrs. Hum- 
phrey, while on a visit there : his wife, 
born in Washington. Massachusetts, died 
in the year 1837. when her daughter, 
Asenath. was an infant. Children of Mr. 
and Mrs. Humphrey: i. Charles E., a 
resident of X'ew York City, where he is 
engaged in the auto garage business : 
married Katherine Gallagher. 2. Ida, 
who became the wife of Clinton Woods, 
and they have one child, Florence, who 
became the wife of Robert Horidge. and 
they have two children : Edith and Clin- 
ton. 3. Edwin L.. Jr., an assistant with 
his brother in Xew York ; married Annie 
McLoughlin. now deceased, and they were 



78 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the parents of one child, Helen, who be- 
came the wife of Edward Lyman, and 
they have one child, Virginia. 4. Susan, 
deceased ; she was the wife of Joseph 
Colton, and they had one child, Robert H. 
5. Albert N., a resident of Pittsfield, mu- 
sician. 



PIXLEY, Elbridge Simpson, 

Prominent Physician. 

The medical fraternity of Pittsfield, 
Massachusetts, has many representatives, 
yet none who are more devoted to their 
profession or are more earnest in the dis- 
charge of professional duties than Dr. 
Elbridge S. Pixley. He is a man of pro- 
lound learning in his profession, whose 
reputation has been won through earnest, 
conscientious work, and his standing 
among his professional brethren is a mer- 
ited tribute to his ability. As a man and 
as a citizen he has displayed a personal 
worth and an excellence of character that 
not only commands the respect of those 
with whom he associates, but has won for 
him the warmest personal admiration and 
the staunchest friendships. With a mind 
and heart deeply concerned with the 
affairs of life, the interests of humanity 
in general, and those problems bearing 
upon the welfare of the race, yet he never- 
theless has found time for the champion- 
ship of many progressive public measures, 
has recognized the opportunities for re- 
form, advancement and improvement, and 
labored effectively and earnestly for the 
general good. He enjoys the distinction 
of being the only eclectic physician in 
Berkshire county. 

Dr. Elbridge S. Pixley was born at 
Great Barrington, Massachusetts, May 
27, 1832, a son of Luther and Ruth (Os- 
born) Pixley, grandson of Hall Pixley, 
Jr., and great-grandson of Hall Pixley, 
Sr.. the two latter named having been 
farmers for many years in Great Barring- 



ton. Hall Pixley, Sr., in addition to his 
agricultural pursuits, was a tavern keeper 
when General Burgoyne passed through 
the place, and he had the honor of enter- 
taining him and his suite; for his services 
as tavern keeper he received a large sum 
of Continental money, which he was 
obliged to take from his patrons, fearing 
to ask for gold as that would indicate 
sympathy with the British. He died at 
the extreme age of ninety-seven years, 
six months. His son, Hall Pixley, Jr.,. 
died at the advanced age of ninety-two 
years. 

Luther Pixley (father) was born at 
Great Barrington, Massachusetts, March 
4, 1805, died March 4, 1873. After com- 
pleting his studies, he went to Delhi, New 
York, for the purpose of learning the 
trade of wagon maker, which he did 
under the competent instruction of his 
uncle, John Pixley. On attaining his ma- 
jority, he returned to Great Barrington, 
where he followed his trade in connection 
with farming until his decease. He was 
a staunch adherent of the policies of the 
Democratic party until the year 1856 
when he transferred his allegiance to the 
Republican party and thenceforth cast 
his vote for the candidates nominated by 
them. He was one of the foremost mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
in which he was class leader and steward. 
He married Ruth Osborn, born in Goshen, 
Connecticut, daughter of John Osborn, a 
pioneer of Goshen, and a farmer by oc- 
cupation, and his wife, Maria (Hum- 
phrey) Osborn, a representative of the 
old and highly honored Humphrey family, 
still represented in Goshen. Mr. and Mrs. 
Osborn were the parents of three sons and 
five daughters, among whom were Ruth, 
above mentioned, and Judge Noah Os- 
born, of McGrawville, New York. Mrs. 
Pixley was a member of the Presbyterian 
church. Her death occurred just a month 
to the day after that of her husband, April 



79 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



4, 1873, aged sixty-seven years. Of their six 
children, four attained years of maturity, 
namely: Noah, born August 12, 1830, 
resided in Wamego, Waubansee county, 
Kansas, and died there; Dr. Elbridge 
Simpson, of whom further; Mary, mar- 
ried Edward A. Pixley, now deceased, 
she lives in Great Barrington ; Sarah L., 
now deceased. 

Dr. Elbridge S. Pixley in his youth at- 
tended the Great Barrington Academy, 
then a noted institution of learning. His 
first occupation was along the line of 
cabinet making, being engaged in the 
manufacture of chairs and other furniture 
in New Boston, Sandisfield, later in Hou- 
satonic, and in company with his brother, 
Noah, he removed to Lincoln county, 
North Carolina, and was there success- 
fully engaged as a furniture manufacturer 
and dealer until August 6, 1860, when, on 
account of ill health and the impending 
Civil War, he returned north, and his 
brother, not being allowed at a later date 
to leave the southland, remained through- 
out the entire period of the war. He was 
forced to serve on the home guard, and 
in order to keep out of the rebel army 
was compelled to pay one thousand dol- 
lars a year in gold, and in addition to this 
the Stoneman raid in North Carolina de- 
stroyed nearly six thousand dollars worth 
of his property. After the war Noah Pix- 
ley removed to Kansas. On returning to 
Great Barrington, Elbridge S. Pixley en- 
gaged in business in the southern part of 
Berkshire county, and so continued until 
he began the study of medicine. In 1877 
he was graduated from the Eclectic Medi- 
cal College in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 
and immediately settled at Detroit, Michi- 
gan, where he practiced until May, 1882, 
when he took up his residence in Pitts- 
field, and since then, a period of more 
than thirty-three years, has been engaged 
in active practice in that city, his patron- 
age increasing steadily, and he has won 



an enviable reputation for his skillful and 
successful treatment of tumors and can- 
cers, also chronic diseases, of which he 
has made a special study. He compounds 
all his own medicine. He keeps abreast 
of the advanced thought and ideas in his 
special line of cancer and tumor and all 
chronic diseases. 

Dr. Pixley married, September 5, 1860, 
Henrietta E. Peet, of Sandisfield, Berk- 
shire county, Massachusetts, daughter of 
Henry A. Peet, who removed to Sandis- 
field from Winsted, Connecticut, when 
his daughter, Mrs. Pixley, was two years 
of age. Two children have been born to 
Dr. and Mrs. Pixley, namely: Hattie, 
died at the age of seventeen years, and 
Annie L., who became the wife of Adolph 
Feiner, of Pittsfield, a merchant tailor of 
that city. Mrs. Pixley died April 4, 1912. 
Dr. Pixley is a member of the First 
Baptist Church of Pittsfield. Dr. Pixley 
is the possessor of one of the most exten- 
sive and finest collections of beautiful 
books in Berkshire county, embracing the 
choicest works of all the best known 
authors. 



MELLEN, Daniel W., 

Contracting Builder. 

It has been well said that the architec- 
tural beauty of the city of Springfield, 
Massachusetts, commands the unqualified 
admiration of every visitor to that city. 
The solid masses of brick and mortar that 
greet the eye on either side of the com- 
mercial thoroughfare ; the structures of 
granite and marble, and the many homes 
of bankers, professional men and mer- 
chants, all combine to arrest the attention 
of those who behold them. To the men 
from whose genius much of this beauty 
has emanated, great praise is due, and 
prominent among this class of men in 
Springfield is Daniel W. Mellen, the well- 
known contractor and builder. Mr. Mel- 



80 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



len has, in a rather remarkable degree, 
several qualifications which are indispen- 
sable to success in any business of impor- 
tance. He is capable of long application 
and concentration. He is a gentleman of 
fine judgment, and in a continual fight 
with difficulties, for the conduct of a large 
business is not without its mishaps, he 
maintains more equanimity and command 
of temper than most people do under the 
petty harasses of private life. 

James Mellen, father of Daniel W. Mel- 
len, was born in Prescott, Hampshire 
county, Massachusetts, and the supposi- 
tion is that his death occurred returning 
from a trip to the Pacific coast via the 
Panama Isthmus. He was a mason and 
stone cutter by trade, and was employed 
in this capacity by various builders in his 
native town during the early part of his 
business career. He removed to Enfield, 
Massachusetts, and from that town to 
Weston, Connecticut, where he resided 
about three years and then removed to 
Redding, in the same state, where in 1848, 
he engaged in business on his own ac- 
count, meeting with well merited success. 
In 1852 he started on his journey to the 
Pacific coast, from which he never re- 
turned. 

His wife, Elizabeth (Tillson) Mellen, 
who was born in Prescott, removed 
to Redding, and then to Springfield, 
Massachusetts, in 1876, and her death 
occurred in that city in 1886. Children 
of Mr. and Mrs. Mellen : Caroline ; 
Zabrina I., deceased; Jane, who married 
Peter Keeler, of Easton, Connecticut, 
both dead, she died in Redding, Connecti- 
cut, 1869; James C, a resident of West 
Springfield ; Daniel W., of further men- 
tion. 

Daniel W. Mellen was born in Redding, 
Connecticut, April 15, 1851. He was a 
pupil in the district schools of Greenfield, 
completing his studies in the year 1867. 
He then commenced an apprenticeship 

MASS VolIV-6 8 1 



with his brother, Zabrina I. Mellen, to 
learn the mason's trade, at Redding, and 
remained there two years, after which he 
went to Bridgeport, Connecticut, where 
he followed his trade until 1871. In that 
year he removed to Springfield, Massa- 
chusetts, and there was in the employ re- 
spectively of Rice & Baker, D. J. Curtis 
and B. F. Farrar, until 1874, when he 
associated himself in a partnership with 
Mr. Davis, under the firm name of Mellen 
& Davis. This connection continued until 
the retirement of Mr. Davis at the ex- 
piration of three years. After conducting 
this business alone for about one year, 
Mr. Mellen admitted his elder brother as 
a partner, doing business under the style 
of Mellen Brothers until 1887, when the 
firm name was changed to Kelly & Mel- 
len, and continued thus until 1891. W. D. 
McKenzie was then admitted as a partner, 
the business name being changed to Mel- 
len & McKenzie, and thus continued until 
1895, their workshop and yard being 
located at No. in Dwight street. In 
1895 Mr. Mellen bought out the interests 
of his partners and since that time has 
conducted it alone with undiminished suc- 
cess. 

Among the many large buildings in 
Springfield which stand as monuments to 
his skill and ability, testifying eloquently 
to the fact that his work is of superior 
quality, may be mentioned : The Dickin- 
son Block; Gill's Block; the addition to 
the Rothwell Block ; Ward One Engine 
House ; the Smith Block ; the Birnie Build- 
ing at Brightwood ; the Warwick Cycle 
Manufacturing Company's large build- 
ing; the Parish House for the Memorial 
Church ; the greater part of the Cooley 
House ; the Worthy Hotel, addition ; New 
England Telephone and Telegraph build- 
ing; Electric Light Company's power 
buildings ; nearly all the buildings for 
L. W. Bessee, during the past nine years, 
including his three large blocks on Main 



EX CYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



street ; the art buildings ; the private resi- 
dences of Dr. Brooks, Dr. Goldwaith, and 
Dr. Griffin, on Mill street; Teck High 
School ; Jefferson Avenue School ; Ken- 
sington Avenue School ; the first half of 
the Chestnut Street School, the largest 
grammar school building in the United 
States ; the Xew Massasoit House ; 
Stearns Block on Bridge street ; Williams 
Block on Bridge street; and the addition 
to the Indian Orchard School. His largest 
and most laborious achievement was the 
construction work of the Worthington 
street sewer. This involved the building 
of a tunnel to the Connecticut river, under 
the twelve tracks of the New York, New 
Haven & Hartford Railroad freight house, 
the tunnel at this point being more than 
six hundred feet in length, not including 
the street work, and the tremendous work 
necessary to sufficiently "shore up" this 
gigantic mass while the work was pro- 
ceeding required engineering skill of a 
high order. In his business as a builder, 
he holds high rank, and with one excep- 
tion is the oldest in the city. 

The name of Mellen has always stood 
as a synonym for all that is upright and 
honorable in business, and he enjoys the 
confidence and esteem of those with 
whom he has been brought in contact, 
either in business or social life. He is a 
Republican in politics, a member of 
Hampden Lodge, Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows, and a member of the En- 
campment of the uniformed rank. He is 
a member of Springfield Lodge, Free and 
Accepted Masons, and of the Council, 
Chapter. Commandery and Shrine, also 
of the Nyassett Club and the Board of 
Trade. 

Mr. Mellen married (first) in 1875, 
Sarah E. J. Stebbins, of Springfield, who 
died in 1902, a daughter of Franklin Steb- 
bins. He married (second) Ellen Got- 
berg. Children by first marriage: i. 
Daniel. 2. Franklin S.. married Bertha 



Doane and they are the parents of three 
children : Daniel W., Jeanette, and Vir- 
ginia. 3. Florence L., married Lorin L. 
Joslyn ; he is with A. A. Packard ; Mr. 
and Mrs. Joslyn have one child, Richard 
L. The family are attendants and staunch 
supporters of the Hope Congregational 
Church, situated on the "hill." They are 
well-known in the community, and take 
an active part in its varied interests. 



PALMER, Rev. Charles James, 
Clergyman, Historian. 

There were several families bearing the 
name of Palmer among the Puritan immi- 
grants who settled in Xew England, and 
all evinced the commendable qualities 
which have commanded esteem from the 
earliest period of known history. Rev. 
Charles James Palmer is a descendant of 
William Palmer, who was a landowner in 
Great Ormsby, Xorfolk county, England, 
whence he came to America as early as 
1636. He located first at \Yatertown, 
Massachusetts, was in Xewbury, same 
colony, in 1637, and in 1638 was a grantee 
and one of the first settlers at Hampton, 
Xew Hampshire, where he continued to 
live until his death. The name of his first 
wife is unknown. He married ( second) 
Grace, widow of Thomas Rogers, who 
survived him, returned to Watertown and 
became the wife of Roger Porter. Four 
children of the first wife are known, all 
born in England. 

(II) Christopher Palmer, the second 
son and third child of William Palmer, 
born about 1626, died June 30. 1699. He 
married. Xovember 7, 1650, Susanna, 
daughter of Edward Hilton, born 1634, 
died January 9. 1717. 

(III) Samuel Palmer, son of Christo- 
pher and Susanna (Hilton) Palmer, was 
born Xovember 25, 1652. He lived in 
Hampton, and married, about 1684, Ann 
Sanborn. She was born Xovember 20, 



82 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1662, daughter of Lieutenant John and 
Mary (Tuck) Sanborn, and died October 

4, 1745- 

(IV) Jonathan Palmer, youngest son 

of Samuel and Ann (Sanborn) Palmer, 
was born March 26, 1698, in Hampton, 
and lived in that town and the adjoining 
town of Kensington, where he died No- 
vember 13, 1779. He married, October 26, 
1729, Anna Brown, born February 21, 
1709, in Hampton, died May 14, 1796, in 
Kensington, daughter of William and 
Anne (Heath) Brown. 

(V) Trueworthy Palmer, youngest child 
of Jonathan and Anna (Brown) Palmer, 
was born July 20, 1749, lived in Kensing- 
ton, Kingston, Loudon and Conway, New 
Hampshire, and was a patriot of the 
Revolution. He first enlisted, June 12, 
1775, in Captain Philip Tilton's company 
of Colonel Enoch Poor's regiment, and 
was a signer of the Association Test, April 
12, 1776. In the same year he became a 
member of Captain Calfe's company, 
Colonel T. Bartlett's regiment, which re- 
inforced the Continental army at New 
York. He married, April 27, 1772, Joanna, 
daughter of Thomas and Judith (Noyes) 
Webster, born July 15, 1749, died Febru- 
ary 14, 1794. 

(VI) Jonathan (2) Palmer, second son 
of Trueworthy and Joanna (Webster) 
Palmer, was born January 25, 1782, in 
Loudon, and died at Exeter Mills, Maine, 
November 24, 1866. He married (first) 
at Gilmanton, New Hampshire, Anna 
Osgood, who died within a year. He 
married (second) April 22, 1810, Martha, 
daughter of Jonathan and Lydia (Tuck) 
Prescott, of Gilmanton, born July 4, 1789, 
died March 23, 1879. 

(VII) Rev. James Monroe Palmer, 
seventh child of Jonathan (2) and Martha 
(Prescott) Palmer, was born October 5, 
1822, at Exeter Mills. In 1847 ne gradu- 
ated from Colby College, Waterville, 
Maine, and was principal of the Liberal 



Institute of Waterville, for a year begin- 
ning in 1847. Entering Bangor Theologi- 
cal Seminary of Bangor, Maine, he was 
graduated in 1853, and at once engaged 
in the work of the ministry, serving for 
fifteen years as pastor of Congregational 
churches in Maine and New Hampshire. 
Among his most noted characteristics was 
his charity. In the third year of the Civil 
War he entered the work of the United 
States Christian Commission, visiting 
camps and prisons and preaching to the 
Union soldiers. In his later years he was 
engaged in business in Boston, and his 
last days were spent at Kenosha, Wiscon- 
sin, where he died May 23, 1897. He was 
a strong Republican, from the organiza- 
tion of the party, and earnest in support 
of liberal government. He married at 
Waterville, Maine, December 2, 1853, 
Caroline Frances Bacon, born January 7, 
1830, in that town, daughter of Ebenezer 
Farwell and Jane (Faunce) Bacon, died 
at Cambridge, Massachusetts, October i, 
1899. The eldest child of this marriage 
is Charles James, of whom further. 
Ebenezer F. Bacon, born 1796, was a son 
of Ebenezer Bacon. 

(VIII) Rev. Charles James Palmer, son 
of Rev. James Monroe and Caroline 
Frances (Bacon) Palmer, was born No- 
vember 4, 1854, in Cambridge, Massachu- 
setts. He received a liberal education. 
After thorough preparation he entered 
Bowdoin College at Brunswick, Maine, 
from which he was graduated in the class 
of 1874. He immediately entered the 
General Theological Seminary of New 
York, from which he was graduated in 
1878, and in June I9th of that year was 
ordained to the ministry of the Protestant 
Episcopal church, in whose labors he has 
continued to the present time. His first 
work was temporary, in various places, 
until he was called to the charge of St. 
Luke's Church at Lanesboro, Berkshire 
county, Massachusetts, in September, 



3 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

1880. For nineteen years he labored as ary 19, 1881, in Cambridge, Massachu- 

rector of this society, at the end of which setts, Helen M. Watson, daughter of 

time he resigned and accepted the ap- Justus Dakin, principal of high school in 

pointment of county missionary of Berk- Boston, and Rosina (Callender) Watson, 

shire county, under the auspices of the born in Manchester, New Hampshire, 

Protestant Episcopal church, and has con- died March 23, 1882, in Lanesboro. She 

tinued in this capacity since that date, was the mother of a daughter, Helen E. 

making his home in Lanesboro. In 1885, Palmer, born January 23, 1882. Rev. Mr. 

in collaboration with Rev. Joseph Hooper, Palmer married (second) October 15, 

he prepared the history of the town of 1885, Gertrude S. Barnes, of Lanesboro, 

Lanesboro, a feature of the "History of daughter of Daniel Collins and Harriet 

Berkshire County," published in that year Sophia Barnes, born in Lanesboro, Mas- 

by J. B. Beers & Company, of New York, sachusetts, 1859, died May 7, 1915. There 

also a history of Lenox and of Richmond are two children of this marriage : Edward 

and some monographs of Dr. John S. J. Barnes, born October 3, 1886; and 

Stone and Professor A. V. G. Allen, Annie Elizabeth, April 8, 1893. The son 

both natives of Berkshire county, also graduated in 1912 at Harvard University, 

numerous sketches of various churches, and became professor of chemistry at 

Some idea may be formed of the ex- Allegheny College, Meadville, Pennsyl- 

tent of his writings when it is stated vania, where he died April 3, 1913. 

that nine cards of his writings are to be 

found in the Congressional Library in 

, x , ,. ^ . * , CRANE, Ellery Bicknell, 

Washington, D. C., and seven in the 

Public Library in Boston, also in many Genealogist, Antiquarian, Librarian. 

other libraries. In addition to this he Ellery Bicknell Crane, of Worcester, is 
has prepared a number of family gene- a descendant of Henry Crane, who as 
alogies of Pittsfield and Berkshire county early as 1655 settled with his brother, 
and that section. Rev. Mr. Palmer holds Benjamin, in Wethersfield, Connecticut, 
liberal and broad-minded views, and is a They were tanners and curriers of leather, 
worker for progress in political as well as After conducting business in company for 
moral life. He is active in organizing some years Henry removed to Guilford, 
and promoting all charitable undertak- previous to 1660, and a few years later 
ings, and highly esteemed and loved by became one of the first planters of 
those who have come under his ministra- "Hammonassett," the name having been 
tion. He has never sought for official changed in 1667 to Kenilworth, or Kill- 
station outside of the work of the minis- ingworth, that portion now being known 
try. His acquaintance is widely extended, as Clinton. About the year 1663 he mar- 
and wherever known he is an object of ried Concurrence, daughter of John 
the most kindly regard. Rev. Mr. Palmer Meigs, and became one of the leading 
was made a member at Bowdoin College spirits in this new settlement ; was the 
of the Phi Beta Kappa Society, an honor- schoolmaster, and captain of the train- 
ary Greek letter fraternity, to which only band ; appointed one of the commissioners 
those of established high scholarship are for the town ; besides serving on various 
eligible. He is also eligible to become a important committees, locating boundary 
member of the Order of the Cincinnati. lines and settling estates. On the death 
Rev. Mr. Palmer married (first) Janu- of his brother Benjamin, of Wethersfield, 

84 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



in 1693, ne was appointed one of the dis- 
tributors of his estate. His wife, Concur- 
rence, died October 9, 1708, and he mar- 
ried (second) Deborah Champion, widow 
of Henry Champion, of Lyme, December 
26, 1709. He died April 22, 1711, and his 
widow married Richard Towner. Of his 
ten children, three died young: John, 
Concurrence, Mary, Phebe, Theophilus, 
Henry, and Mercy, grew to mature years 
and had families. 

(II) Henry Crane, Jr., son of Henry 
and Concurrence Crane, was born Octo- 
ber 25, 1677. He married Abigail, daugh- 
ter of Robert Flood, of Wethersfield, Jan- 
uary 27, 1703-04, and settled in that part 
of Killingworth afterward set off to Dur- 
ham. He was one of the original proprie- 
tors of Durham, one of the deacons of the 
Congregational church, and for twenty- 
eight sessions (1718 to 1740), represented 
the town in the State Legislature. He 
was also a military man, and advanced 
from the ranks through the various stages 
to captain of the Durham train-band. In 
1734 the General Assembly of Connecti- 
cut appointed Captain Crane and James 
Wadsworth, Esq., a committee to return 
the thanks of the assembly to Rev. Mr. 
Nathaniel Chauncey for the sermon he 
preached before that body, May 9th, that 
year, and solicit a copy of the same for 
publication. In October, 1738, he with 
Mr. Wadsworth, both of Durham, were 
again appointed by the assembly, with 
Captain Samuel Hall, to locate a site for 
a meeting-house in the parish of Amity, 
New Haven county, the place known as 
Woodbridge. He died April n, 1741. His 
widow died August 31, 1754. They had 
children: Silas, born January 25, 1705; 
Concurrence, 1708; Henry, 1710; Abigail, 
1712, died 1724. 

(III) Silas Crane, eldest son of Henry, 
Jr., and Abigail (Flood) Crane, was called 
Sergeant Silas, for service rendered dur- 
ing the French and Indian wars. He was 



also prominent in matters relating to the 
affairs of both church and state. He re- 
sided on a part of the farm of seven hun- 
dred and fifty acres left by his father, and 
here for more than twenty years the two 
brothers resided, with but a partition deed 
dividing their estates in about equal parts. 
He died January 15, 1763. He married 
Mercy, daughter of Samuel Griswold ; she 
died August 29, 1782. Of their eleven 
children, three died young: Abigail, Jesse, 
Silas, Robert G., Eli, Hulda, Ruth, and 
Frederick, lived to mature age. 

(IV) Robert Griswold Crane, fourth 
child and third son of Silas and Mercy 
(Griswold) Crane, was born February 18, 
1739. He married, October 31, 1765, Mary 
Camp, daughter of Eleazer Camp, of Dur- 
ham, she died April 30, 1790. In Febru- 
ary, 1791, he married (second) Sybilla 
Judson, who died January 12, 1808. April 
7, 1769, Mr. Crane, with his family, re- 
moved from Durham to the town of Beth- 
lehem, where he died March 6, 1820, at 
the age of eighty, having had eight chil- 
dren : Mary, Robert, Molly, Achsah, Ele- 
azer ; Jesse, died young; Phineas and 
Sarah. 

(V) Eleazer Crane, second son of 
Robert G. and Mary (Camp) Crane, was 
born December 28, 1773. He married, 
December 9, 1798, Anna (afterwards 
called Nancy), daughter of Fletcher Prud- 
den, and his wife, Sarah Treat, who was 
a daughter of Edmund, and granddaugh- 
ter of Governor Robert Treat. Mr. Crane 
first settled on a farm in the town of 
Woodbury, where his two eldest children 
were born, but during the summer of 
1802 removed to Colebrook, New Hamp- 
shire, where he purchased wild land and 
began to improve a farm. He also built 
a saw mill on the stream called Mohawk 
creek, where he manufactured lumber 
until 1807, when owing to the frequent 
depredations, including theft and murder, 
on account of the controversy regarding 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the boundary line between the United member of this company, started on their 

States and Canada, he abandoned all his westward journey, reaching the locality 

property, home, mill, and lumber manu- now known as Beloit, Wisconsin, in the 

factured, and with his family returned to early spring of the latter year. Here they 



Connecticut, locating in Bethlehem. In 
1823 he returned to Colebrook to find that 
the mill, buildings and lumber had been 
burned, only the old irons remaining. He 
rebuilt the farm buildings, cleared up a 
portion of the land for agricultural 
products, and there made his home until 
the year 1836, when the family removed 
to Wisconsin, and as members of the New 



"set their stakes," and were soon followed 
by the remainder of the emigrating com- 
pany. Mr. Crane had previously married 
(February 25, 1836) Almira P., daughter 
of Captain John W. Bicknell and Keziah 
Paine, his wife. Mr. Crane was active and 
prominent in the early settlement of 
Beloit, making his home there until 1881, 
when to avoid the cold winters he re- 



England Emigrating Company, helped to moved to Micanopy, Florida, where he 
settle the town (now city) of Beloit, died November 3, 1882. His wife, Almira 



where he died June 14, 1839. His widow 
died April 3, 1859. They had five children : 
Emeline E., Orlando F., Sarah Treat, 
Robert Prudden ; and Nathan F., who 
died in infancy. 

(VI) Robert Prudden Crane, fourth 
child and second son of Eleazer and 
Nancy (Prudden) Crane, was born in 
Colebrook, New Hampshire, April 17, 
1807. Sixteen years of his early life were 
passed in Bethlehem, Connecticut, where 
he attended school during the winter 
terms, and worked on the farm in the 
summer seasons. After returning with 
his father's family to Colebrook, in 1823, 
his time was given to assisting in reestab- 
lishing a new home near his birthplace, 
which, in the absence of the family, had 
been practically obliterated. Thirsting 
after rather more than a common school 
education, he went several winter seasons 
to the academy at Lancaster, where he 
was graduated in 1831. For a few years 
he taught school in the neighboring towns 



P., died in Beloit, January 6, 1854, leaving 
one child, Ellery Bicknell Crane. 

(VII) Ellery Bicknell Crane, only child 
of Robert Prudden and Almira P. (Bick- 
nell) Crane, was born in Colebrook, Coos 
county, New Hampshire, November 12, 
1836. He was a babe when he and his 
mother rejoined the husband and father in 
what is now Beloit, Wisconsin, on August 
7, 1837. Here the son grew to manhood, 
receiving his education in private and 
public schools, Beloit Academy, and the 
preparatory department of Beloit College. 
After taking a full course of instruction 
in single and double entry bookkeeping, 
he was employed as an accountant in the 
office of a lumber and grain merchant in 
his native town. The financial stress of 
1857 and 1858 proved so discouraging to 
the credit system to trade that his em- 
ployer decided to conduct a cash trade 
only during the year 1860, and Mr. Crane 
joined a party of gentlemen bound for 



California via the overland route. They 
about Colebrook during the winter terms, started on this journey, May, 1860, and 
In the fall of 1836 he joined the New Eng- Sacramento was reached, October I2th, 
land Emigrating Company, which com- after an interesting and exciting trip on 
prised a dozen or more families from in account of the warlike attitude assumed 
and about Colebrook, organized for the by the Indians against the whites during 
purpose of migrating to the territory then that season. Mr. Crane remained on the 
known as "The Far West." In the winter Pacific coast, passing the time in the 
of 1836-37, Mr. Crane, with one other States of California and Oregon until the 

86 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

winter of 1862. In December of that year lines, and numerous written papers of his 

he left San Francisco to return via the have been published with the records of 

Isthmus of Panama to the east. Reach- the Worcester Society of Antiquity. He 

ing New York City, he decided to locate had previously compiled and published 

in New England among relations, and "The Rawson Family Memorial," a vol- 

proceeding to Boston he secured a posi- ume containing the genealogical records 

tion as bookkeeper and salesman for a of the descendants of Edward Rawson, 

wholesale and retail lumber dealer, where secretary of the Massachusetts Bay 

he remained four years and until his em- Colony; and "Crane Family Genealogy," 

ployer sold his business and the acounts in two volumes. Many of the careful and 

were all settled through the hands of Mr. exhaustive family records contained in 

Crane. the "Genealogical and Personal Memoirs 

Mr. Crane located in Worcester, Mas- of Worcester County" are also from his 

sachusetts, in 1867, and started in busi- pen. 

ness for himself in the lumber trade, During Mr. Crane's residence in \\ r or- 
establishing a yard and office on Madi- cester he has been active in public matters, 
son street, near Southbridge street, with and as a Republican in politics has en- 
Jonathan C. French as a partner. Within deavored to do what he could to promote 
three months he purchased the interest the public weal, as he viewed it from his 
of Mr. French, and for the greater portion standpoint. Although he cast his first 
of the succeeding thirty-four years con- presidential vote for Abraham Lincoln 
ducted the business alone. On Sunday and has since voted the Republican ticket 
afternoon, July 8, 1900, a fire was started in the main, he is not a rank partisan, for 
in some mysterious way from an adjoin- he believes in principles first and in party 
ing building, and his stock and building second. As a proof of the confidence re- 
went up in smoke. As a change in the posed in him, we have but to call atten- 
buildings laws prohibited the erection of tion to the honors he has received at the 
wooden storehouses on the site he had hands of his fellow townsmen. He has 
occupied the business was given up and occupied a seat in both branches of the 
Mr. Crane retired from mercantile pur- city council for the city of Worcester, and 
suits and has since devoted his time to also been a representative in the general 
historical and genealogical work. For court, and as senator, and reflected in 
forty years he has been a member of the each instance, thus receiving the compli- 
Worcester Society of Antiquity, serving mentary vote of his constituents. While 
four years as vice-president, seventeen a member of the Massachusetts Legisla- 
years as president, and fourteen years as tttre, in the House he was a member of 
librarian. On the resignation of the libra- the committees on constitutional amend- 
rian, who had served the society in that ments and election laws. When in the 
capacity for seventeen years or more, Mr. Senate, on election laws, roads and 
Crane was elected to succeed him and bridges, street railways and taxation, 
accepted the task on account of his fond- serving as chairman of the latter, and also 
ness for the work attending the office, as chairman of the committee on parishes 
During the last two years he has accom- and religious societies, 
plished the large task of rearranging the Mr. Crane was for several years one of 
extensive library of the society, and has the directors of the Worcester Board of 
also prepared a large amount of literary Trade : for three years president of the 
work along historical and genealogical Builders' Exchange; several years presi- 

87 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



dent of the Sons and Daughters of New 
Hampshire ; president of the Worcester 
County Mechanics' Association in 1890 
and 1891 ; and for many years has been 
one of the board of trustees for the Wor- 
cester County Institution for Savings. 

Mr. Crane married, in 1859, Salona A. 
Rawson, daughter of George and Lois 
(Aldrich) Rawson. They had one son, 
Morton Rawson Crane. 



TUCKER, George Henry, 

Financier, Enterprising Citizen. 

Robert Tucker, the pioneer ancestor of 
the family, was born in England in 1604, 
died at Milton, Massachusetts, March u, 
1682. He is supposed to have come to 
this country with a company from Wey- 
mouth, England, with the Rev. Dr. Hull, 
to Weymouth, Massachusetts, where he 
was living in 1635. Later he removed 
to Gloucester, and there held the office 
of recorder. He returned to Weymouth, 
and held several important offices there. 
About 1662, when the town of Milton 
was incorporated, he removed to it and 
purchased, in several lots on Brush Hill, 
about one hundred and seventeen acres. 
He was active in church work, and a 
member of the church committee. He 
married Elizabeth Allen, probably a sis- 
ter of Deacon Henry Allen. Children: 
Sarah, James, Joseph, Elizabeth, Benja- 
min, of further mention ; Ephraim, Ma- 
nasseh, Sumner, Mary. 

(II) Benjamin Tucker, son of Robert 
and Elizabeth (Allen) Tucker, was born 
in Weymouth, Massachusetts, in 1646, 
and died, intestate, February 27, 1713-14. 
In 1683 the town of Roxbury accepted 
the grant which was made to them in 
that year of a tract of land seven miles 
square, which was soon after called New 
Roxbury, and is now known as Wood- 
stock. It was settled mostly by people 



from Roxbury, and Benjamin Tucker had 
a lot there numbered "32 of the third 
range of the second division," as they 
were laid out by the surveyor. In 1684 
he, in company with others from Rox- 
bury and vicinity, purchased what is now 
the town of Spencer, Massachusetts, and 
in 1686 the same parties purchased what 
is now known as the town of Hardwick. 
He married Ann Payson, daughter of 
Edward and Mary (Eliot) Payson, of 
Dorchester, and a niece of John Eliot, the 
apostle to the Indians. Children : Benja- 
min, of further mention ; Ann, Jonathan, 
Ephraim, Eben, Cheney, Mary, Edward, 
Joseph, Elizabeth, Sarah, Ann. 

(III) Benjamin (2) Tucker, son of 
Benjamin and Ann (Payson) Tucker, was 
born in Roxbury, Massachusetts, March 
8, 1670, and died in 1728. He came into 
possession of part of the lands in Spencer 
and Leicester, Massachusetts, which his 
father and others had purchased from the 
Indians. He was chosen constable in 
1710, refused to serve, for which he was 
fined five pounds. He married (first) 
Sarah ; (second) Elizabeth Wil- 
liams, born in Roxbury, October i, 1672, 
daughter of Stephen and Sarah (Wise) 
Williams, and granddaughter of Robert 
and Elizabeth (Stratton) Williams. Rob- 
ert Williams was born probably in Nor- 
wich, England, about 1593; came to 
America in 1637, an d was admitted a 
freeman in Roxbury, May 2, 1638. Only 
child by the first marriage : Sarah, who 
married Thomas Heron, of Dedham, 
Massachusetts. Children by second mar- 
riage : Ann ; Elizabeth, married Daniel 
Weld ; Benjamin, married Mary Warren, 
of Watertown, Massachusetts ; Stephen, 
of further mention ; Henry ; Catherine ; 
Samuel. 

(IV) Stephen Tucker, son of Benjamin 
(2) and Elizabeth (Williams) Tucker, 
was born in Roxbury, Massachusetts, 



88 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



September 23, 1704-05, and settled in 
Leicester, Massachusetts. He married 
(first) May 31, 1739, Hannah Parks; 
(second) in 1750, Mary, daughter of 
Onesephirus and Mary (Saunderson) 
Pike, probably from Shrewsbury. Chil- 
dren by first marriage: Hannah, Stephen, 
John, of further mention; Lucy, Rebekah. 

(V) John Tucker, son of Stephen and 
Hannah (Parks) Tucker, was born in 
Leicester, Massachusetts, in 1742, and 
died in Stockbridge, Massachusetts, Sep- 
tember 10, 1818. In early manhood he 
moved to Berkshire county. He married 
Thankful Eggleston, of Sheffield, Massa- 
chusetts, and after his marriage removed 
to Stockbridge. His wife died August 
31, 1794, at the age of forty-nine years. 
Children : Olive, Joseph, of further men- 
tion ; John, Stephen, Lovisa. 

(VI) Joseph Tucker, son of John and 
Thankful (Eggleston) Tucker, was born 
in Stockbridge, Massachusetts, January 
12, 1772, and died August 25, 1847. After 
his marriage he settled in Lenox, Massa- 
chusetts, where he was an attorney-at- 
law. He was register of deeds from the 
middle district of Berkshire county from 
1801 to 1847, an d county treasurer from 
1813 until his death. His name is in a 
list of Episcopalians in Lenox, April 3, 
1797. He married, March 18, 1802, Lucy 
Newell, born August 7, 1772, died March 
18, 1830, a daughter of Benjamin and 
Lucy (Dodge) Newell, the former of 
whom died in Kinderhook, the latter, who 
was born in Beverly, Massachusetts, in 
1744, died in Pittsfield ; granddaughter of 
Joshua and Margaret (Conant) Dodge. 
Children : William Samuel, born Decem- 
ber 17, 1802; George Joseph, of further 
mention ; John Charles, born August 30, 
1806, died March 26, 1809; Lucy Lovisa, 
born March 26, 1808; John, born Febru- 
ary 9, died February n, 1811; Mary, 



born May 23, 1814, died unmarried in 
1881 ; Maria, born June 22, 1818. 

(VII) George Joseph Tucker, son of 
Joseph and Lucy (Newell) Tucker, was 
born at Lenox, Massachusetts, October 
17, 1804, and died at Pittsfield, Massa- 
chusetts, in September, 1878. He matric- 
ulated at Williams College, from which 
he was graduated in the class of 1822. He 
then took up the study of law, and was 
admitted to the bar in 1825, and estab- 
lished himself in the practice of his pro- 
fession at Lenox. He was register of 
deeds from 1847 to l &?6, with the excep- 
tion of three years ; and he was county 
treasurer from 1847 unt ^ ms death, a 
period of thirty-one years. He married 
(first) in Syracuse, New York, Septem- 
ber 27, 1829, Eunice Sylvia Cook, daugh- 
ter of Benjamin Warren and Louisa 
(Kasson) Cook, and granddaughter of 
Hezekiah and Lydia Cook ; he married 
(second) at Middletown, Connecticut, 
August 5, 1854, Harriet Sill, daughter of 
Thomas and Clarissa Sill, and grand- 
daughter of Captain Micah Sill, of Lyme, 
Connecticut. Children by first marriage : 
Joseph, of further mention ; Elizabeth, 
born May 22, 1835, died unmarried; 
Maria, born November 28, 1837, died un- 
married ; Benjamin, born July 14, 1842, 
died in infancy. Children by second mar- 
riage : Harriet Matilda, born April 28, 
1846, married Oliver Peck and has chil- 
dren : Sarah Tucker and Henry Oliver; 
Sarah Sill, born October 23, 1847, is un ~ 
married ; Caroline Sill, born June 5, 1850, 
is also unmarried ; George Henry, of fur- 
ther mention. 

(VIII) Judge Joseph (2) Tucker, son 
of George Joseph and Eunice Sylvia 
(Cook) Tucker, was born in Lenox, 
Berkshire county, Massachusetts, August 
21, 1832, and was prepared for college at 
the Lenox Academy. He matriculated in 
the sophomore class at Williams College, 



89 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

and was graduated from this institution youngest daughter of Judge Henry W. 
in the class of 1851. Commencing the and Sarah (Buckley) Bishop, 
study of law in the office of Rockwell & (VIII) George Henry Tucker, young- 
Colt, at Pittsfield, he pursued it at the est child of George Joseph and Harriet 
Harvard Law School, and was admitted (Sill) Tucker, was born at Lenox, Massa- 
to the bar of Berkshire county in 1854. chusetts, September 12, 1856. He gradu- 
A short period was spent at Detroit, ated from Williams College in the class 
Michigan, and Chicago, Illinois, and in of 1878, and in the same year succeeded 
1857 he opened an office at St. Louis, his father as county treasurer, being the 
Missouri,- but returned East in 1860 and incumbent of this office until his resigna- 
opened an office in Great Barrington, tion from it in July, 1902, when he 
Massachusetts, where he practiced until assumed the duties of cashier of the Pitts- 
September, 1862. He then enlisted in field National Bank, which he held until 
the Forty-ninth Regiment, Massachu- 1905, at which time he was elected to the 
setts Volunteer Infantry, becoming first presidency of this institution. He holds 
lieutenant of Company D. While this official positions in various other impor- 
regiment was encamped near New York, tant enterprises, being a director of the 
he was appointed acting adjutant-general Berkshire Life Insurance Company since 
of Banks' expedition in New York City. 1888, and a member of the finance com- 
Shortly after its arrival at Baton Rouge, mittee of this corporation since 1894; a 
Louisiana, he was appointed a member of trustee of the City Savings Bank of Pitts- 
the staff of the First Brigade of the First field ; a member of the board of directors 
Division of the Army of the Gulf. At and vice-president of the Third National 
the battle of Plain's Store, near Port Bank of Pittsfield up to 1902; a member 
Hudson, Louisiana, May 21, 1863, he was of the board of directors of the Housa- 
severely wounded. He returned to Lenox tonic National Bank of Stockbridge since 
in July of that year. He was elected a 1898; a member of the board of directors 
member of the House of Representatives of the Pittsfield Gas and Coal Company 
from Great Barrington in November, since 1890 ; member of the board of direc- 
1865, an< 3 represented Southern Berkshire tors of the Stanley Electric Company 
in the State Senate in 1866 and 1867. In until its merger with the General Electric 
1868 Chief Justice Chase appointed him Company; trustee and treasurer of the 
United States Register in Bankruptcy for Berkshire Athenaeum and Museum, and 
the Tenth Massachusetts Congressional trustee of the Boys' Club, of which he 
District. He served as Lieutenant-Gov- was one of the organizers, and in which 
ernor of Massachusetts from 1869 to he has always taken an active interest. 

1872. He was appointed justice of the He is a member of the order of Free and 
District Court of Central Berkshire in Accepted Masons, lodge, chapter and 

1873, and held the office up to his death, council. He is also a member of the Park 
For three years he was president of the Club. 

Berkshire County Savings Bank, and was Mr. Tucker married, in Pittsfield, Sep- 

president of the Pittsfield Electric Street tember 7, 1892, Mary Talcott Briggs, 

Railway Company. He died at Pittsfield, born in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, July 4, 

Massachusetts, November 29, 1907. Judge 1853, died November 4, 1895, a daughter 

Tucker married, September 20, 1876, Eliz- of General Henry Shaw Briggs and his 

abeth Bishop, who died February 9, 1880, wife, Mary Elizabeth (Talcott) Briggs; 

90 



PUBLIC LIBRARY 



ASTQR, LENOX 
TTLD8N 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



granddaughter of Governor George Nixon 
Briggs, who was born in Adams, Massa- 
chusetts, April 12, 1796, was a member of 
Congress twelve years, commencing in 
1831, and Governor of the State seven 
years, commencing 1843; he married, in 
1818, Harriet Hall, daughter of Ezra 
and Triphena Hall, of Lanesboro. Mrs. 
Tucker was a great-granddaughter of 
Allen and Nancy (Brown) Briggs, of 
Cumberland, Rhode Island. 



BOWEN, James Lorenzo, 

Civil War Veteran, Public Official. 

Man's worth in the world is determined 
by his usefulness by what he has accom- 
plished for his fellow men and the great- 
est honor and regard are given those 
whose efforts have been of the greatest 
benefit to their fellows. Judged by this 
standard, James Lorenzo Bowen, sealer 
of weights and measures, at Springfield, 
Massachusetts, may well be accounted 
one of the most distinguished citizens of 
the town. He enjoys a reputation for 
absolute integrity in every relation of 
life. His word is regarded as sufficient 
to guarantee the performance of any duty 
or task to which he has pledged himself. 
He does not hold, as do so many at the 
present time, that success cannot be ob- 
tained by honorable methods. On the 
contrary, his entire career is an exposi- 
tion of the fact that prosperity and an 
untarnished name may be won simul- 
taneously. 

Orrin M. Bowen, son of James Bowen, 
was born in Massachusetts in 1820, and 
died in 1886. He was a cloth fuller and 
manufacturer all the active years of his 

life. He married (first) , and had 

one child, now deceased. He married 
(second) Harriet S. Joy, born in Vermont 
in 1825, died at Marlboro, Vermont, in 
August, 1845. Children by this marriage: 



James Lorenzo, whose name heads this 
sketch ; Nelson O., served in Company I, 
First Massachusetts Cavalry, until the 
close of the Civil War, and was later 
killed on the railroad, leaving a widow 
and one child. Mr. Bowen married (third) 
Martha A. Fuller, and they had two chil- 
dren : Albert Edward, died in Vermont ; 
Arthur H., a farmer in Vermont. 

James Lorenzo Bowen, eldest child of 
Orrin M. and Harriet S. (Joy) Bowen, 
was born in Marlboro, Windham county, 
Vermont, April 2, 1842. He received 
what was considered a practical education 
in those days in the public schools, and 
then learned the trade of fulling cloth 
from his father, with whom he worked 
until he enlisted, July 25, 1862, at North 
Adams, to which place the family had 
removed, in Company E, Thirty-seventh 
Regiment, Massachusetts Volunteer In- 
fantry, under Captain Archibald Hopkins. 
The regiment was organized at Pittsfield, 
Massachusetts ; started for Washington, 
District of Columbia, September 7, 1862; 
was under instructions three weeks at 
Arlington Heights ; then joined the Army 
of the Potomac. His first engagement 
was at the battle of Fredericksburg, 
and continued to the battle of Gettys- 
burg, being in the meantime at Marye's 
Heights, Salem Church, second battle of 
Fredericksburg, and then at Gettysburg. 
When in the battle of Winchester, the 
Thirty-seventh Regiment earned perhaps 
its highest distinction. On the third 
day of the battle of Gettysburg, during 
Pickett's charge, Mr. Bowen was severely 
wounded, being injured in both legs by 
the explosion of a shell fired by the Con- 
federate battery. 

At the close of the war, Mr. Bowen 
returned to peaceful occupations, being 
engaged in miscellaneous writing for a 
period of several years. He wrote about 
forty or fifty novels and a number of 



9 1 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



serial stories. In 1869 he went to North 
Adams, where he purchased an interest 
in a local paper and about the same time 
he began the publication of what was 
known as "The Temperance Album," and 
continued this, bringing it to a very pros- 
perous condition, until 1872, when having 
disposed of his interest in the local paper 
above referred to, which he had also con- 

ducted in a successful manner, he sold 
,._,, A ,, .. . 

The 1 emperance Album to parties in 

. ,, , , ,, 
Boston and came to Springfield, Massa- 

. , . . , . . . 

chusetts, with which city he has since 

. , .- TT r i .- 

been identified. He formed a connection 

. , ,,~. . _ , , ... 
with The Springfield Republican as 

..... 

proof-reader, serving for twelve years, 

. ' ,. . . ' 

and was in the editorial department until 

r . . . 

1890. He was for eight years associated 

,. . , 
with Clark W. Bryan on the editorial 

. r 1 1- 

staff of some of his monthly publications, 

., , 

remaining until the latter sold the same. 
^ , 5" u _ , TT . 

One of these was Good Housekeeping, 

... . 

of which Mr. Bowen continued editor 

... .. r , 

until it was disposed of to the Phelps 
,.... . , ^ . 

Publishing Company in the early part of 

J J . 

1903. In that year he was appointed 

.... . 

sealer of weights and measures for 
. - ., f ..,,,. . 

Springfield, and is still the incumbent of 

.... re TT r 

this important office. He is secretary of 
,, ... Oi ., j i 

the committee on State aid, and in this 

position practically has charge of all the 
benefits, that is, the disbursement of 
funds to needy veterans of the Civil and 
Spanish-American wars, their widows or 
dependents. He was a notary public and 
justice of the peace many years, and was 
kept busy as a pension claim agent, plac- 
ing numerous cases before the depart- 
ments of the Interior and Treasury. In 
May, 1903, he entered upon his duties as 
sealer of weights and measures, which 
position he has since filled in a highly cred- 
itable manner. His political affiliations 
were always with the Republican party, 
and on account of the wound received at 
Gettysburg, he went on crutches to the 



polls to cast his first vote, which was for 
President Lincoln, at his second nomina- 
tion. Mr. Bowen has held official posi- 
tion in the Grand Army of the Republic 
f or more t h an a quarter of a century. He 
first j oined c T Adams Post, Grand 
Army of thg RepubliC) of North Adams, 
in l86g> and in ^ he joined E R wn _ 
CQX Post> NQ ^ Re served four 

, . .. 

as commander, nine years as adjutant, 

, 
twelve years as quartermaster, and dur- 

.<_ ,i_ i /- , 

mg the other years has filled various 

^ TT . , . 

offices. He is serving his second year as 

, . . ~ 
a member of the State Department, and 

, it _ . , 

is one of the trustees of the Massachu- 

c ... , TT 

setts Soldiers Home. In the year 1868 
, .... _ , , _ . , 
he joined the Order of Good Templars, 
. 1-111 , 

in which he has maintained uninterrupted 

, . , .. 

membership for over forty years, proba- 
, , . , 

bly the oldest member in the State. He 
, , , . , 

served from 1880 to 1883 as grand chief 
, , , rr . . . 

templar of the State, was an official of 
x , . , , , . . 

this body from 1800 to 180^, inclusive. 

. , . . r 

serving as past grand chief templar, and 

. ,. . -_ . . . 
is now the senior living official, being the 

. , Jr 

oldest in point of service in the State. 
TT , , . , .. TT . ,. 

He and his family are Universahsts, and 
, .. 

ne served a number of years as supenn- 

. . 
tendent of the Sunday school at North 

A f, amS - Mn B wen 1S a man f keen m - 
tdlect ' and apart from his ther llterar ^ 
labors he com P lled a histor y of his &- 
ment m l884 ' whlch 1S consi dered by ex- 
P erts to be the most com P lete regimental 
hlstor y of the Civil War. In 1888 he 
compiled a history of "Massachusetts in 
the Civil War > 1861-1865," which covers 
one thousand and fifty pages. 

Mr - Bowen married, October 3, 1863, 
Sabra J. Cada, daughter of Joel P. and 
Finetta A. Cada, of North Adams, and 
they celebrated their golden wedding 
anniversary in 1913. Children: i. James 
Lorenzo, Jr., was killed by an accident at 
the age of six years. 2. Nelson, twin of 



92 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

James Lorenzo, Jr., died at the age of San Francisco, where he was assigned to 

nine months. 3. Frank Hunter, born Feb- duty at the Presidio, and within three 

ruary n, 1867, is a member of the bar of months ordered to the Philippine Islands, 

the District of Columbia, and was for where he remained seven years, during 

several years connected with the Depart- the greater part of which he was in serv- 

ment of Commerce and Labor; he spent ice at the front; for a long time he was 

two years as chief clerk of the Educa- with the Maccabebe Scouts, was under 

tional Bureau at the time President Taft fire more than one hundred times, and 

was Governor-General of the Philippines ; was wounded three times ; he returned 

he is the owner of a fine farm at Laurel, to the United States with his health in a 

Maryland; he married, October 3, 1893, shattered condition, but careful nursing 

Florence E. Gray, and has one child: and the bracing climate of the Pacific 

Nelson Edward Frank, who was educated CQast hag caused it tQ improve greatly . 

in the public and high schools. 4. Alfred he is the Qwner Q a fing ranch Q twQ 

Monroe, born January 31, 1873, is a resi- hundred and fifty ^^ ^ Oregon> and ig 

dent of Readsboro, Vermont, where he is practking his profession there ; he mar- 

an electrician in the employ of a chair- . . , . ,, v . .. ,. . . 

\ ried Josephine M. Kittell, who died in 

making concern; he married (first) Sarah t , . " ., .. , T , A , 

Springfield. 6. Lorenzo, born May 30, 

E. White, of Chicopee, Massachusetts, 00 ,. , ~ , , 

' . ' 1881, died December 18, 1904; he mar- 

who died leaving one child: Alfred M., . . , , , , n . ,,, c . 

ried Effie M. Goodell, of West Spnng- 

Jr. ; he married (second) June 3, 1914, /. ,, , , fj _ T-> i i T 

i_ ' J field, and left one son: Ralph Lorenzo, 

Hazel Prew, of Readsboro. 5. Edward , . .. x , . , ,. , 

born April 5, 1902. 7. Nettie, who died 

Nelson, born April 4, 1875; he was edu- , Q . ... . , ,. , . . 

, , . m infancy. 8. A child, who died in m- 

cated in the public schools of Springfield, , 

being graduated from the high school, 
then matriculated at the New York Medi- 
cal College, from which he was gradu- BALLARD, Harlan Hoge, 
ated second in his class ; he was appointed Librarian. 

house surgeon at St. John's Hospital, ,. . 

ihis surname is an ancient one in Eng- 

Brooklyn, New York, and at the end of ,.,, , T , , , . , 

J land, Wales and Ireland, and it took root 

one vear was commissioned surgeon of . . . .,, ,, , . .. , X r 

in America with the colonization of Aew 

the Forty-seventh Regiment, National F o-l H 

Guard of New York, to serve in the \villiam Ballard, the first known ances- 
Spanish-Amencan War, with the rank of tor of the Hne herein {ollowed) was born 
captain ; he went with his regiment to in l6o3> died in Andover) Massachusetts, 
Porto Rico, and was honorably mustered j uly IO , l6 g 9 He arr i ved , n t hi s country 
out at the expiration of his term of serv- from England in the "James" in 1635, and 
ice ; he has the wonderful record of treat- was one o f t h e earliest settlers of An- 
ing two hundred and fifty-six fever dover, where he was admitted a freeman, 
patients, without the loss of one; some May 2, 1638. His son, Joseph Ballard, 
of these were carried for treatment to his wa s a resident of Andover, Massachu- 
bedside, where he himself was suffering setts, and his death occurred there in 1721. 
with the fever; upon his return he was He married (first) Elizabeth Phelps, (sec- 
appointed United States Surgeon in the ond) Mrs. Rebecca Home. Josiah Bal- 
Department of the Pacific, reported at lard, son of Joseph, was born in Andover, 

93 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Massachusetts, in 1699, and died there in with the class of 1874, received the degree 
1780. He married Mary Chandler. Their of Master of Arts in 1877, an d shortly 
son, Josiah (2) Ballard, was born in An- after leaving college he engaged in edu- 
dover, Massachusetts, in 1721 ; served in cational work. For six years, from 1874 
the Revolutionary War, and died in 1799. to 1880, he was principal of the high 
He married Sarah Carter. Their son, school in Lenox, Massachusetts, and from 
William Ballard, was born in Lancaster, 1880 to 1886 was principal of the Lenox 
Massachusetts, March 23, 1764, settled at Academy, and while residing in that town 
Charlemont, Massachusetts, and died in he founded the Agassiz Association for 
that town, May 25, 1842. He was a captain the study of nature, which has had over 
in the state militia. He married Eliza- one thousand branches. In 1887 ne was 
beth Whitney. Their son, John Ballard, 
was born in Charlemont, Massachusetts, 
October i, 1/90, settled in Athens, Ohio, 
in 1830, and died August 23, 1880. He 
married Pamelia Bennett. Their son, 
Rev. Addison Ballard, D. D., was born in 
Framingham, Massachusetts, October 18, 
1822. Williams College conferred upon 
him the degrees of B. A., M. A. and D. D., 
and entering the Congregational ministry 
he held pastorates in Williamstown, Mas- 
sachusetts, and Detroit, Michigan. He 
held the professorship of Latin at the 
Ohio University, and that of rhetoric at 
Williams College; occupied the chair of Book,'' 1879; "Barnes" Readers," 1883; 
astronomy, mathematics and natural phi- and "One Thousand Blunders in English," 
losophy at Marietta College; was a pro- 1884. He is a fellow of the American As- 
fessor of Greek and Latin at Lafayette sociation for the Advancement of Science, 
College, Easton, Pennsylvania, also was of the American Library Association ; 
professor of moral philosophy and rheto- 
ric in the same institution, and was pro- 
fessor of logic in the New York Univer- 
sity. One of the principal products of his 
pen is "Arrows; or The True Aim in 
Study and Teaching." He married Julia 



chosen librarian and curator of the Berk- 
shire Athenaeum and Museum, and the 
following year became secretary of the 
Berkshire Historical and Scientific So- 
ciety of Pittsfield. He is curator of the 
Museum of Natural History and Art, pre- 
sented to the city of Pittsfield by Zenas 
Crane, Esq., of Dalton. He was for 
several years the editor of "Swiss Cross." 
He is the author of : "Three Kingdoms," 
1882; "World of Matter," 1892; "Open 
Sesame," 1896; "Virgil's Aeneid, trans- 
lated into English Hexameters," 1902-11, 
and joint author of: "American Plant 



member of the Phi Beta Kappa Society, 
Royal Arcanum, Country Club and Park 
Club, Pittsfield, and the National Insti- 
tute of Social Sciences, and an honorary 
member of the Supreme Council of the 
thirty-third degree of Scottish Rite Ma- 
sonry. He is a Republican in politics. 

Mr. Ballard married, August 30, 1879, 
Lucy Bishop Pike, of Lenox, Massachu- 



Perkins Pratt, who is widely and favor- 
ably known as the author of "Building 
Stones," "Seven Years from To-night," 
"Grandmother's Story," "Hole in the setts, daughter of John and Lucy (Bishop) 
Bag" and "Among the Moths and Butter- Pike, and granddaughter of Nicholas Pike, 
flies." They were the parents of three who was for many years master of the 

Newburyport grammar school, and was 
the author of an arithmetic which was in 
general use in the public schools of his 



children : Harlan Hoge, Winifred, and 
Julia Spaulding. 

Harlan Hoge Ballard was born in 
Athens, Ohio, May 26, 1853. He was 



day. On the maternal side she was a 
graduated from Williams College, B. A., granddaughter of Judge Henry Walker 

94 



. . 



I 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Bishop, of Lenox, and great-granddaugh- 
ter of Hon. Nathaniel Bishop, of Rich- 
mond, Massachusetts. Children of Mr. 
and Mrs. Ballard : Harlan Hoge, Jr., 
Elizabeth Bishop, Lucy Bishop, and Mar- 
garet. 



BARD, Henry H., 

Physician, Hospital Official. 

So great has been the advance made in 
the science of medicine that the results 
accomplished by the representatives of 
the profession seem almost phenomenal. 
This broader knowledge, however, has 
been acquired only after the most pains- 
taking, thorough and comprehensive in- 
vestigation, experiment and research, and 
to-day the man who is a successful prac- 
titioner must be a most earnest, discrimi- 
nating and appreciative student, continu- 
ally adding to his professional knowledge 
through wide reading, and assimilating 
this knowledge for the benefit of his fel- 
low men. One of the able physicians and 
surgeons of the younger generations in 
Pittsfield, Berkshire county, Massachu- 
setts, is Dr. Henry H. Bard, who was 
born in Adams, Berkshire county, Massa- 
chusetts, August 30, 1883. His family, 
which is well known, has been repre- 
sented in Berkshire county for three gen- 
erations, covering a period of nearly a 
century. 

The great-grandfather of Dr. Bard was 
a pioneer settler of Alberta, British Co- 
lumbia, and there his children were born. 
He was a carpenter by occupation, and 
later removed to Vancouver, British Co- 
lumbia, where he spent his last years. 
Marcus Bard, his son, removed to Adams, 
Massachusetts, where he also followed 
carpentering, and died there in April, 
1895, at the age of seventy-two years. 
He married, in Clarksburg, Anna Eliza- 



beth Clark, a daughter of Asa Clark, a 
pioneer settler in whose honor the town 
of Clarksburg was named, and where 
eight generations of the family have now 
lived. He was the father of seven sons, 
of whom six are living. 

Henry Bard, son of Marcus and Anna 
Elizabeth (Clark) Bard, was born in 
Adams, Massachusetts, there spent his 
entire life, and died in April, 1886. Early 
in life he engaged in the manufacture of 
paper and was prominently identified 
with this line of manufacture until his 
death. His family for many generations 
had been connected with the Episcopal 
church, of which he was also a member. 
He married Ellen Hewitt, who is still 
living in Adams, Massachusetts. She 
was a daughter of the late James Hewitt, 
well-known as a plaid maker and de- 
signer. Mr. and Mrs. Bard were the par- 
ents of two children, of whom Dr. H. H. 
Bard is the only one living. 

Dr. Henry H. Bard, only son of Henry 
and Ellen (Hewitt) Bard, was born in 
Adams, Berkshire county, Massachusetts, 
August 30, 1883. From his earliest child- 
hood he displayed traits of character not 
usually found so marked in young chil- 
dren ; traits which have distinguished 
him throughout his career, and which 
have enabled him to achieve the excellent 
results he has attained. He attended the 
elementary and high schools of his native 
town, and from his eleventh year he com- 
menced to be self-supporting. His occu- 
pation at that time was as errand boy in 
a drug store during the hours he could 
spare from his studies, and each week a 
certain portion of his earnings was set 
aside with scrupulous exactitude, to form 
the nucleus of a fund for later use. His 
vacations were entirely spent in business 
occupation, and during the last year he 



95 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

commenced the study of medicine in the a suffering mortal necessitates his break- 
evenings in the office of Dr. J. J. Mahady. ing this self-imposed rule. Neither his 
In 1904 he matriculated at the Baltimore personal pleasure nor that of others is 
Medical College, from which institution allowed to interfere with his professional 
he was graduated in the class of 1908 with work and duties and his exactitude in this 
the degree of Doctor of Medicine. He regard is fully recognized by his patients 
then took up his residence in Pittsfield, and appreciated by them to the fullest 
Massachusetts, which town has since that extent. All of his time not devoted to 
time had the benefit of his professional active practice is given to study along the 
skill. He became an assistant to Dr. advanced lines of his chosen profession, 
Charles H. Richardson at the opening of and he thus keeps himself firmly fixed in 
the Hillcrest Hospital, and continued in the front ranks of medical practitioners, 
this position for a period of four years, His affiliation with organizations of 
during which time he assisted materially varied character and scope is as follows : 
in the upbuilding of this institution, Member of Berkshire Lodge, Free and 
which on the start was very small. In Accepted Masons; the Berkshire County 
the course of time his services became of Medical Association ; member and medi- 
such value to the hospital that he now cal examiner of the Loyal Order of Moose 
holds the position of first assistant sur- and the Royal Arcanum; surgeon to the 
geon, and has another to assist him. police department and fire department 
There are two other physicians on the and the poor department of the city; 
hospital staff, and twenty-five nurses to member of the Berkshire Club and the 
attend to the wants of the seventy City Club, 
patients which the hospital is able to 

accommodate, and this institution, to _,.,-,., T- 1 -n. 

, . , , , . , , , . blACY, .frank n.., 
which he has given so generously of his 

time and talents, ranks among the leading Mayor of Sp^s* 61 *- 

hospitals of the State. An enumeration of those men who have 

In 1912 Dr. Bard decided to establish conferred honor and dignity upon Spring- 

himself in private practice, and the ex- field, Massachusetts, and who in turn 

tent of his practice at the present time have been honored by their fellow citi- 

proves the wisdom of this decision. He zens, would be incomplete were there 

opened an office at No. 311 North street, failure to make reference to the record of 

Pittsfield, where he still continues, and Frank E. Stacy, mayor of the city. There 

his list of patients is constantly and are few men whose lives are crowned 

steadily increasing. He has made himself with the admiration and respect which 

a master in his profession, and has amply are uniformly accorded him, but through 

demonstrated his ability as a surgeon as his years of connection with the history 

well as a physician. He continues the of the city and the State, his has been an 

habits which he adopted in earlier years unblemished character. With him suc- 

of not allowing a moment to go to waste, cess in life was reached through his ster- 

Punctually at the appointed hour every ling qualities of mind and a heart true to 

morning, Dr. Bard may be found in his every manly principle. He never devi- 

office, and there he remains during the ates from what his judgment indicates to 

stipulated time unless the urgent call of be right and honorable between his fellow 

96 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

men and himself, and never swerves from name to have landed on the shores of 

the path of duty. His abilities are such New England. 

as to gain him distinction in every field Richard Stacy, grandfather of Mayor 
of labor to which he directs his energies. Stac y' followed farming in Munson, Mas- 
He has contributed in a large measure to sachusetts > wh ere he spent his life. The 

the business development and commercial earlier members of the famil >" had been 

. r ,, .. , , . pioneer settlers in that section, 
prosperity of the city, and through his 

, u -, , , ... Edwin S. Stacy, son of Richard Stacy, 
broad charity, his benevolence and his 

.... . . was born in Munson, where he spent his 

kmcllv spirit, sheds around him much of . 

. . early years, and came to Springfield, 

the sunshine of life. The Stacy family is ,, , . f A 

Massachusetts, in young manhood. At 

an old and honored one, and a brief men- firgt hg found employment in the Smith 
tion of it is in place here. & Wesson Pistol Factory, remaining with 
We must go back to the Stacys of this concern until l866> when he founded 
Ballyfield, England, in the West Riding the E . S . Stacy Machine Company, 
of Yorkshire, to find the ancestors of the manufacturers of mill supplies, which is 
New England families of that name, who now being conducted by his son. At the 
have been seated in various parts of the time of his death he was one of the most 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts since prominent men in the city, respected and 
the days of the Puritans. It is also found admired by all with whom he was asso- 
that in Colonial times there were Stacys ciated. He numbered his friends by the 
in the provinces of New York and Penn- scores, and was noted for his kindly 
sylvania, of the same stock as the New spirit and uprightness. He was a mem- 
England families. Mahlon Stacy was one ber of the city council, 1875-76; in the 
of the lords proprietors of the province Legislature, 1885 and 1900 ; and for many 
of West Jersey, owning one-fourth of years served as one of the overseers of 
one-tenth part of it, a man of great influ- the poor, being the incumbent of this 
ence and character there, and one of the office at the time of his death, and had 
English landed gentry. In early New served as chairman of the board for a 
England history the name now written period of twelve years. He held high rank 
Stacy, a form accepted by nearly all the in the Masonic fraternity, having attained 
branches of the family, was variously the thirty-second degree as a Knights 
mentioned in town and church records as Templar. He was a member with his 
Stace, Stacye, Stacie, Stacey, Stasy and family of Christ Episcopal Church. He 
Stacy, the latter the correct form and married Martha J. Pomeroy, who died at 
used, perhaps, less frequently than some the age of seventy-five years. She was 
of the others. Hugh Stacy, of the Plym- a daughter of Henry Pomeroy, whose 
outh Colony, 1621, came to this country father served in the Revolution. The 
in the "Fortune," and subsequently set- Pomeroy family had been located there 
tied in the plantation at Dedham. He for many years, six generations lying 
was one of the Yorkshire family of his buried in Cherry Lane Cemetery. Henry 
surname, perhaps was of kin to others Pomeroy served as a member of the 
who followed his example and emigrated school committee in 1850, and also as a 
from the mother country, and he is cred- member of the Legislature, and was an 
ited with having been the first of his alderman in Springfield in 1857-58. Mr. 

MASS Vol IV-7 97 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

and Mrs. Stacy had children: Richard years, an office in which he is now suc- 

H., Harry W., Frank E., whose name ceeded by his son. His affiliation as a 

heads this sketch; Fred Pomeroy. member with organizations of varied 

Mayor Frank E. Stacy was born in scope and character is as follows : Hamp- 

Springfield, Massachusetts, July 26, 1871. den Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons; 

He acquired his educational advantages Springfield Commandery, Knights Tem- 

in the elementary and high schools of his plai% up to the thirty . se cond degree; 

native city, being graduated from the last Hampden Lodge> Indepe ndent Order of 

mentioned in the class of 1890 as the Qdd Fdlows . the Patriarchs Militant, 

president of his class. Upon the com- Uniformed Rank> also of the Od d Fellows ; 

pletion of his education he became asso- s ingfidd Lodg6) Knights of Pythias ; 

dated with his father in business, with g - fidd Lodge> Benevolent and Pro- 

which his brothers are also identified, his ^.^ Qrder of Elkg . p aramount Lodge> 

share of the undertaking being to look Order Qf MoQse . Andent Qrder of United 

after the financial affairs of the enter- Workmen . N t Qub . Oxford Chlb . 

prise. TV company conducts its busi- Manchonis Qub . Tatasic Club of Lake 

ness along enterprising and progressive Quinsigamund; Worces ter, Massachu- 

lines, yet with an amount of conservatism setts . Trinity Qub . director Q{ the 

which keeps it within safe boundaries, c. u -n > r*i u u A 

Springfield Boys Club ; a member and 

Mr. Stacy was elected a member of the ,. , ,, c c 11 -o A ^c 

^ director of the Springfield Board of 

common council in 1004-0=5-07-08, serving , , , 

' Trade. For many years he has been 

as president during the last-mentioned . . . . .. . , ,, 

prominent in musical circles of the city, 

year, and was again elected in IQOQ. He , , , , r , t i 

3 has been a leader of a number of orches- 

was elected alderman in 1912, rejected &mong them be - the famoug De 

in 1913, again in 1914, being president of Soto Qrchestra> and is honorary life 

the board of aldermen in the last-men- - , TT , ~ ,, 

. , member of the Hampden County Musi- 

tioned year, and in the fall was elected , _, . . . , , 

.... , , cians Club, composed of four hundred 

mayor of the city to serve 1915-10, and ,. 

j.i_ ! -. -i musicians in high standing, 
received the largest majority ever received 

by any mayor of the city. Since taking M ^ or Si ^ marned ' October *7> l8 94> 
office he has distinguished himself by car- Mabel R ' Whitcomb, daughter of R. B. 
rying through the project to build the Whitcomb, a prominent business man of 
great bridge across the Connecticut river. Springfield. They have children : Ruth 
This he did within six months of his N -> Fred Pomeroy, Helen W., and Made- 
inauguration, although the project had leine Billings. The home is one of open- 
come up before the city councils and the handed hospitality, and the social gather- 
mayors of the city for the past fifteen ings there are attended by people of the 
years. From the time he attained his highest type of intellectual culture, 
majority he had taken an active part in the 

public affairs of the citv was a member of _, . o^,,, A ,. T A1 , -, 

- . EASTMAN, Alexander C., 
the water front commission and the com- 
mission for building municipal structures, Physician, Specialist. 
costing more than a million dollars. He Dr. Alexander C. Eastman, of Spring- 
and his family are members of Christ field, prominent in medical societies and 
Church, where he led the choir for many in the practice of his profession, is a de- 

98 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



scendant of an ancient New England 
family, which has contributed many nota- 
ble citizens to his native land. This very 
numerous family has spread throughout 
New England and the Middle and West- 
ern States. 

(I) Roger Eastman, the founder of the 
family in America, was born in Wales in 
1611, and was a pioneer settler of Salis- 
bury, Massachusetts, where he died De- 
cember 16, 1694. He came from Lang- 
ford, County of Wilts, England, and sailed 
from Southampton in April, 1638, in the 
ship "Confidence." It is believed that his 
real rank was concealed for political 
reasons on account of the English emi- 
gration laws. He received lands in the 
first division of Salisbury, and subse- 
quently other grants. His wife, Sarah 
(Smith) Eastman, was born in 1621, and 
died in Salisbury, March n. 1697. They 
were members of the church there. 

(II) Their sixth son, Joseph Eastman, 
was born November 8, 1650, in Salisbury, 
Massachusetts, and settled as early as 
1682 in Hadley, Massachusetts, where he 
died April 4, 1692. He was a soldier of 
King Philip's War. His wife, Mary (Til- 
ton) Eastman, born February 8, 1649, was 
a daughter of Hon. Peter and Elizabeth 
Tilton, of Hadley, formerly of Windsor, 
Connecticut. Peter Tilton was magis- 
trate, representative and judge in Hadley. 

(III) Their eldest son, Joseph East- 
man, was bcrn August 2, 1683, in Hadley, 
Massachusetts, was student of Rev. W r il- 
liams, of Deerfield, when the Indians made 
their raid upon that town, and was by 
them carried away as a captive. After three 
years as a prisoner in Canada, he returned 
to Hadley and settled on his maternal 
grandfather's farm, the Tilton estate, 
where he died September 29. 1769. He 
was long a deacon of the church at Had- 
ley. He married, November 22, 1711, 
Mercy Smith, born July 3, 1694, died Jan- 



uary 10, 1784, in her ninetieth year, daugh- 
ter of John and Mary (Root) Smith. 

(IV) Their eldest son, Joseph East- 
man, born February I, 1715, in Hadley, 
Massachusetts, lived in that portion of 
the town which was set oft" as Amherst. 
He took an active part in all the affairs 
of the town, served for some years as one 
of the selectmen, and also represented the 
town at a number of conventions. He 
served five months and two days in Cap- 
tain Dickinson's company of the Revolu- 
tionary army in 1778, and his son, Joseph, 
was a member of the same company, serv- 
ing two years. Joseph Eastman, Sr., died 
October 23, 1793. He married, May 17, 
1746, Sarah Ingraham, born September 
25, 1725, daughter of John and Lydia 
(Boltwood) Ingraham, of Hadley, a 
granddaughter of John Ingraham, a 
pioneer settler of that town. 

(V ) The third son of this marriage, 
John Eastman, born May 7, 1751, in Am- 
herst, Massachusetts, resided there until 
his death, May 6, 1829. He was a soldier 
of the Revolution, serving as private in 
Lieutenant Noah Dickinson's company of 
Colonel Elisha Porter's (Hampshire) 
regiment, on the alarm from Providence. 
He was also a member of Captain Reuben 
Dickinson's company, serving five and 
one-half months. He married, December 
22, 1779, Hephzibah, daughter of John 
Keyes. She died in 1837. 

(VI) Their eldest son, Joseph Eastman, 
born November 4, 1783, in Amherst, Mas- 
sachusetts, removed to New York state 
in 1814, and died there in the town of 
Bleecker, Fulton county. He married, 
July 24, 1806, Lois Root, of Montague, 
Massachusetts, born September 19. 1786, 
died February 14, 1810, daughter of Mar- 
tin and Lucinda (Clay) Root. She was 
the mother of two sons : Rilus, born No- 
vember 23, 1807, and Lucius Root, of 
further mention. 



99 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

(VII) Rev. Lucius Root Eastman, sec- ingham, where he was a student in the 
ond son of Joseph and Lois (Root) East- public schools, and entered Amherst Col- 
man, was born September 15, 1809, in lege, from which he was graduated, after 
Amherst, Massachusetts, was graduated which he entered the medical depart- 
from Amherst College, became a clergy- ment of Harvard University, from which 
man, and was pastor of the Congrega- he was graduated in 1900. After one 
tional church at Sharon, Massachusetts, year in hospital work, he began prac- 
for some years, removing later to Boston, tice at South Framingham, Massachu- 
where he was a missionary, and died at setts, where he continued three years, 
the age of seventy-six years. He mar- an d was subsequently located four years 
ried, at Sharon, November 28, 1837, Sarah j n Southboro, Massachusetts. In 1907 he 
Ann Beldon, of Amherst, Massachusetts. established himself in Springfield, where 

(VIII) Their eldest son, Rev. Lucius he makes a specialty of children's dis- 
Eastman, was born January 25, 1839, at eases, and has built, up a large practice. 
Sharon, Massachusetts. He was educated He is a member of the American Medical 
chiefly at home, under his father's super- Association, Massachusetts Medical As- 
vision, was graduated from Amherst Col- sociation, New England Pediatric Society, 
lege in 1857, and from Andover Theologi- Academy of Medicine of Springfield, of 
cal Seminary in 1861. His first charge which he was secretary three years, 
was at Holyoke, Massachusetts, where he Springfield Medical Society, of which he 
was pastor of the Second Congregational was secretary and treasurer three years, 
Church, and moved thence to Braintree, and was subsequently vice-president and 
Massachusetts, later to Somerville, the president. He is a member of the college 
same state. In 1870 he became pastor of fraternity, Beta Theta Pi. He was the 
the church at Framingham, Massachu- founder of the Baby Feeding Association, 
setts, where he continued his active labors of which he was medical director, and is 
until 1909, and where he still resides, now now president. 

living retired. He is one of the oldest Dr. Eastman married, June 7, 1905, 

pastors in point of service in the state of Katherine Scranton, born in Madison, 

Massachusetts. He married (first) Octa- Connecticut. Children : Alice Scranton, 

via Yale Smith, (second) Rebecca Crane, Hamilton C., and Rebecca H. 

and there were three children by the first 

marriage and several by the second. 

, ... s ~ J ,~ AT FRANKLIN, Albert Barnes, Jr., 

Children: Rev. George, of Orange, New 

Jersey; Osgood F., a banker in Omaha, Insurance Actuary. 
Nebraska ; Lucius R., president of Hill The acquirement of honorable success, 
Brothers, New York; Dr. Alexander C., based upon unfaltering diligence and 
of further mention ; Rufus P., engaged in straightforward business methods, would 
the insurance business in New York; H. alone entitle one to representation in a 
Keyes, in Brooklyn, with his brother, history of the men of prominence of 
Lucius R., as assistant superintendent of Springfield, Massachusetts, but while 
the factory; John, an insurance broker in Albert Barnes Franklin, Jr., ranks with 
Boston ; Arthur, deceased ; Helen and the prosperous business men of the city, 
Margaret, died in childhood. he is identified with various organizations 
(IX) Dr. Alexander C. Eastman, of and measures which have had direct bear- 
Springfield, spent his early years in Fram- ing upon the welfare of the city and have 

IOO 






YORK 

R ART 






ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



proven an element toward that higher 
civilization which recognizes the obliga- 
tion of man to his fellowmen. His family 
has been well-known in New England 
many years. 

Benjamin F. Franklin, his grandfather, 
who were born in Putnam, Vermont, later 
removed to Eastern Massachusetts, lie 
was the proprietor of the Roxbury Tavern, 
which was the first stop out of Boston. 
He also owned a livery stable which is 
still in active operation under the name of 
Franklin's Livery Stable. He served in 
the Massachusetts Legislature, and was 
an active member of the committee-which 
selected the site for the Amoskeag Agri- 
cultural College. He married Clara Stow- 
ell, granddaughter of Captain " David 
Stowell, famous as a hero of the Revolu- 
tion, and both died in Boston. Children : 

* v 

Benjamin Edward, of Minneapolis, Min- 
nesota ; Ira, of Dorchester, Massachu- 
setts ; Charles, a resident on the old home- 
stead ; Henry, deceased; Albert Barnes, 
of further mention ; Helen, who died 
young. 

Albert Barnes Franklin, son of Benja- 
min F. and Clara (Stowell) Franklin, 
was born in Roxbury, Massachusetts, 
January 28, 1852, and attended the public 
schools of Boston. He was preparing for 
entrance to college at the Roxbury Latin 
School, when ill health obliged him to 
abandon the idea of a college course. He 
entered the employ of J. J. Walworth & 
Company, now The Walworth Manufac- 
turing Company, in the summer of 1869, 
and during the first four years he was 
with this concern was. engaged in learn- 
ing practically the work of a steam-fitter. 
Five years were then spent in making 
plans and estimates for the same firm, 
and in contracting for heating apparatus. 
Late in 1878 he established himself in 
business independently, commencing on a 
small scale. Early in 1882 he formed a 



limited partnership with his brother, Ben- 
jamin E., this enabling him to extend his 
field of operations, and the association 
was continued until 1891, and he was 
alone from that time until his death 
in July, 1914. His annual transactions 
amounted to more than a quarter of a 
million dollars. He constructed some of 
the largest heating and ventilating plants 
in New England, among the buildings he 
supplied being the New State House ex- 
tension, the Asylum for Chronic Insane 
at Medfield, and many other public and 
private buildings. He was vice-president 
of the Melrose Young Men's Christian 
Association, and for a number of years 
was superintendent of the Congregational 
Sunday School in Melrose. He was a 
member of The Massachusetts Charitable 
Mechanic's Association, of the Congre- 
gational Club, and the Boston Sunday 
School Superintendents' Union. He mar- 
ried, September 30, 1874, Helen Frances 
Jenness, daughter of Sylvester and Emily 
(Hobbs) Jenness. Sylvester Jenness was 
a native of England, and a mechanic, and 
worked at his trade in America many 
years. He went to California during the 
"gold fever" of 1849, an( i died at the age 
of fifty-five years as a direct result of the 
ailments contracted through the hard- 
ships he was called upon to endure while 
west. He had two children : Helen 
Frances, mentioned above, and a son who 
died in early youth. Mr. and Mrs. Frank- 
lin had children : Lillian, married Ernest 
Carr, of Melrose, Massachusetts ; Law- 
rence, of Melrose ; Ralph, with Lawrence 
controling the large business established 
by their father; Isabella E., a teacher, of 
Mason, New Hampshire ; Clara, married 
Enos Smith Stockbridge, a prominent at- 
torney of Baltimore, Maryland ; Albert 
B., whose name heads this sketch. 

Albert Barnes Franklin, Jr., son of 
Albert Barnes and Helen Frances (Jen- 



101 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ness) Franklin, was born in Boston. Mas- Mothers' Club, and at present is president 



sachusetts, January 22, 1877. He attended 
the public schools of Melrose, spent three 
years in Andover Academy, from which 
he was graduated, then matriculated at 
Amherst College, from which he was 
graduated in the class of 1900 with the 
degree of Bachelor of Arts. While a 
student at the college he was a member 
of the Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity. 
In the year of his graduation he accepted 
a position with the Western Electric 
Company of Xew York, and the following 
year was made manager of the Barney 
Yentilating Fan "Works in Boston, an 
office he filled until October, 1908, when 
he became a special agent for the Xew 
England Life Insurance Company, and 



of White Street Mothers' Club, and a 
member of the Prudential Committee of 
the church. The fine residence of the 
family is in Springfield, and was erected 
by Mr. Franklin. Mr. and Mrs. Franklin 
are the parents of the following children : 
Sarah Bradbury, born in 19/37; Albert 
Barnes, the third of the name, born in 
1909. 



MERRIAM, William C. B., 

Business Man. Public Official. 

Among the successful business men 
of Springfield, Massachusetts, is William 
Cullen Bryant Merriam, who is associated 
with a number of enterprises, and who 
retained this position until April I, 1910. has also taken part in the public life of 
At that time he became manager for the the city. 

Xew England Mutual Life Insurance The surname of Meriam or Merriam is 
Company for the counties of Hampden, derived from two ancient Saxon words 
Hampshire and Franklin, with offices at Mirige and Ham meaning pleasant or 
Xo. i Court House Place, Springfield, merry home. The ancient spelling was 
Massachusetts. He has served as presi- Merryham. Meriham and Merihan. The 
dent of the Western Massachusetts Life family was formerly quite numerous in 
Underwriters' Association. He is a Re- England, in County Kent ; as early as 
publican in his political views, was elected 1295 we find the name in England, in 
a member of the City Council for 1913- County Sussex, and frequently afterwards 
14. and in the fall of the last mentioned in County Kent, 
year was elected a member of the Board 
of Aldermen for a term of two years, and 
is serving as a member of the Finance 
Committee. He is a member of Winthrop 
Club, has been a member of the Board of 
Managers of the Young Men's Christian 
Association, and a member of the Finance 
Committee of Park Memorial Baptist 
Church. 

Mr. Franklin married, in 1903, Edith 



Bradbury, daughter of Benjamin Franklin 
and Sarah (Woodman) Bradbury, the 
former a prominent druggist of Boston. 
Mrs. Franklin was educated at Melrose 
and at the Boston University. She has 



George H. Merriam, grandfather of 
William C. B. Merriam. was a resident 
of Cambridge, Massachusetts, where his 
death also occurred. He was a musician 
by profession, and also a poet of note. 

George F. Merriam. son of George H. 
Merriam, was born in Fitchburg, Massa- 
chusetts, and removed to Springfield, 
Massachusetts, prior to the Civil War. 
He enlisted, February 10, 1864. in Com- 
pany I. Massachusetts Heavy Artillery, 
and was in charge of the heavy pontoon 
bridge across the Potomac river. He kept 
a very complete and interesting diary of 
the events of this stirring time, which is 



served as president of the Forest Park now in the possession of his son. He was 

102 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



honorably discharged from service in Sep- tary of the board of trustees of the Be- 

tember, 1865. At the close of the war he nevolent and Protective Order of Elks, 

was appointed railway mail agent, be- and is secretary of the building committee 

tween Springfield, Massachusetts, and having in charge the new Springfield 



Newport, Vermont, and held this position 
for a period of twenty-three years. He 
was a charter member of the Roswell Lee 
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, of 
Springfield ; commander of Baxter Post, 
Grand Army of the Republic. He was a 
public speaker of considerable ability, and 
at one time stumped the state in the in- 
terests of the Republican party. In asso- 
ciation with a Mr. Livingston, he put in 
an underground telephone, as an experi- 
ment, along Ashley and Cedar streets. 
His death occurred in January, 1892. He 
married Emma M. Wheeler, whose grand- 
father fought in the Revolutionary War. 
Of their eight children, among whom 
there were two sets of twins, all died in 
infancy with the excepton of: G. Frank, 
a resident of Springfield, president of the 



Lodge Building on State street. He is 
a member of the Sons of Veterans and of 
the Sons of the American Revolution. He 
is a staunch supporter of the Republican 
party, was elected from the Sixth Ward 
a member of the common council of 
Springfield, and entered upon the duties 
of this office, January, 1915. He is a 
member of the enrollment committee and 
of the committee of elections and returns. 
Mr. Merriam married, in June, 1909, 
May Belle Brown, daughter of Frank I. 
and Ella (Corliss) Brown, and they re- 
side at No. 24 Winthrop street. 



BLANCHARD, Randall Howard, 

Prominent Physician. 

The wisdom of specializing on the prac- 
tice of a profession that has developed so 
broadly upon many lines as that of medi- 
cine and surgery cannot be gainsaid and 
is being more resorted to each year. Dr. 



Holyoke Card and Paper Company, and 
a bank director, who married Ida Towne, 
of Springfield, and William Cullen Bryant, 
of whom further. 

William Cullen Bryant Merriam was Randall Howard Blanchard, of Pittsfield, 
born in Springfield, Massachusetts, Feb- whose name introduces this sketch, is a 

practitioner of that type. The family from 
which he is descended is an old one, and 
its origin is interesting. 

The word Blanchard was applied to an 
Moody's School at Mount Hermon, and order of Friars who used to go about 
when he had completed his education ordinarily clothed in white sheets (French 
there he took up the study of pharmacy. word blanche, meaning white), but a 
For a time he acted as a relief clerk, then wider application of the word followed, 
purchased the drug business of Mr. and any person affecting white raiment 
Vaughn, at the corner of Main and Adams was called a blanchard. The surname 
streets, removing to the Winthrop Block was derived doubtless from the applica- 
in 1907, where he still continues. He is tion of the name to distinguish the 



ruary 28, 1872. He was the youngest 
child of his parents, and at a suitable age 
commenced his education at the public 
schools. Later he became a student at 



now serving his second term as president 
of the Springfield Pharmacists' Associa- 
tion, after having been secretary of this 



progenitors from others of the same per- 
sonal name. The family in England is 
ancient but not extensive. The coat-of- 



organization four years. He is now serv- arms borne by the family in Wiltshire 
ing his second three-year term as secre- and Somersetshire is slightly varied by 

103 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

the family at Grimmsargh Hall, Lancas- New York University), and was gradu- 

ter, England. Arms: Gules a chevron or a ted with the class of 1896. During the 

in chief two bezants in base a griffin's following year he had the advantage of 

head erased of the second. Crest : On the service in various hospitals of New York 

point of a sword in pale a mullet. aty> and then entered upQn general prac _ 

Enos Blanchard, grandtather of Dr. ^ ^ Dgeri Maine> where he remain . 

Blanchard, was a resident of Cumberland, 

, , . ed for one year. His preceptor, Dr. Hart- 
or nearby towns, Maine, was a sea cap- . 

tain, spending all his life at sea, and died shorn ' havin in the meantime specialized 

at the age of eighty years. He married his practice to diseases of the eye, ear, 

jane , also of that section, and nose and throat, Dr. Blanchard deter- 

their children, all of whom are living at mined upon following in his footsteps, 

the present time (1915) are as follows: and pursued his subsequent studies along 

Enos; George; William, of further men- t h es e lines under Dr. Hartshorn, adding 

tion; Solomon; Isabel, married Edward thereto t h e prescribed clinical course in 

Wilson - Dr. Knapp's Hospital, and in the New 

William Blanchard, son of Enos and York o hthalmic an d Aural Institute. 

Jane Blanchard, was born in Cumberland, ^ ^ established himsdf in practice in 

Maine. For many years he was a mer- T , , , , ,-, 

J J . . . St. Johnsbury, where he remained until 

chant, dealing successfully in groceries, , T ,. A _ , , ,, 

f , . J 1902, when he came to Pittsfield, Massa- 

hay, gram, feed, etc., in Cumberland, . , , 

,, . TT , .-jj- 1 chusetts, where he has since made his 

Maine. He later retired and is now mak- 

ing his home with his son, Dr. Blanchard. res ' dence - and here he has built U P a ver y 
He married Harriet Sturdivant, who was lar & e P ractice and is ^cognized as a 
born in 1850, a descendant of an old Cum- leader in his specialties, and is widely 
berland family. Their only child is the and favorably known in Western Massa- 
subject of this sketch. Mrs. Blanchard chusetts. He is one of the staff of physi- 
died in 1899. Mr. Blanchard is a member cians of the House of Mercy, Pittsfield. 
of the Masonic fraternity; the Improved He was formerly a member of the Maine 
Order of Red Men, of Cumberland; Medical Society, and since 1903 has been 
Knights of Pythias ; and the Independent a member of the Massachusetts Medical 
Order of Odd Fellows, at Portland, Maine. Society, the American Medical Associ- 
Dr. Randall Howard Blanchard, son of ation, and of the Park Club. His fraternal 
William and Harriet (Sturdivant) Elan- affiliation is with Crescent Lodge, Free 
chard, was born at Portland, Maine, May and Accepted Masons, of Pittsfield, and 
3, 1872. He received his initial schooling with the Royal Arch Chapter and Com- 
in Portland, and took his academic course mandery of that order, 
at St. Johnsbury, during which latter Dr. Blanchard married, June 16, 1899, 
period he decided upon the adoption of Caroline Harris, born in Portland, a 
the medical profession, and took up the daughter of John S. and Abbie Harris, of 
study of medicine in conjunction with his Portland, Maine, the former a well known 
general studies under the preceptorship accountant now living retired. Children : 
of Dr. J. E. Hartshorn, a leading physi- Norman Harris, Kenneth William, Ran- 
cian of that locality. In 1893 he entered dall Howard and Caroline Sturdivant 
Bellevue Hospital Medical College (since The family residence is at No. 40 Corn- 
merged with the Medical Department of monwealth avenue. 

104 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

DAMON, Alonzo Willard, Lucy, November 19, 1/84; Delight Bow- 

ker, October 25, 1786; Daniel, November 
Insurance Actuary, Financier. 

25, 1788; Ruth, October 4, 1790; Lydia, 

From a worthy line of New England baptized May 22, 1791 ; Jude Litchfield, 
ancestry, Alonzo Willard Damon inherits born August 19, 1792; Samuel Litchfield, 
the temperament, intellectual force and August 9, 1794; Anna, August 12, 1796. 
fidelity which have made him a leader Elijah Damon, second son of John and 
among the business men of the Old Bay Lucy (Bowker) Damon, was born Janu- 
State. The name is of French origin, and ary If I7 g 3 , in Scituate, where he married, 
is found at Blois and Cherbourg, France, November 24, 1811, Sally Sears, born 
in very early records. It appears as August 21, 1784, in Scituate, daughter of 
d'Amon and Damen, and in the early p eter anc i Susan (Collamore) Sears, of 
records of Scituate, Massachusetts, it is t h a t town. Five children are recorded 
spelled Daman and in several other forms. m Scituate : Davis, mentioned below ; 
John Damon, the immigrant, came Sarah, born October 15, 1814 ; Lucy, May 
from Kent, England, whence many of the 23> I 8i 7; Hosea, April 29, 1819; Susan- 
settlers of Scituate came, while a youth, na h Collamore, May 30, 1824. 
with his guardian, William Gilson, accom- Davis Damon, eldest child of Elijah and 
panied by his sister Hannah. Their Sarah (Sears) Damon, was born July 5, 
mother was a sister of Gilson. They ^12, in Scituate, and lived in that part of 
appear to be related to John Damon, of the town now set off as the town of Nor- 
Reading, Massachusetts, a pioneer of that well. He married in his native town, 
town. By will of William Gilson, John Lucy Damon, born June 9, 1816, daughter 
Damon inherited Gilson's residence on of Luther and Alice (Nash) Damon, of 
Kent street, Scituate, and his lot on the Scituate. Two children are recorded in 
"third cliff." Later he and his sister were Scituate : Lucy Ann, born July 22, 1845, 
declared sole heirs of William Gilson, who and Alonzo Willard, of further mention, 
died childless. John Damon was an edu- Alonzo Willard Damon was born Feb- 
cated man, and filled important stations ruary n, 1847, m South Scituate, now 
in the Plymouth Colony, serving as assist- Norwell, Massachusetts. He received his 
ant, and was in the Governor's Council, educational training in the public schools 
In the Indian wars he commanded the of Boston, where he made the best use 
Scituate troops at the same time that of his opportunities in preparing for an 
Miles Standish was in command at Ply- active life, toward which his ambition 
mouth. He married (first) Katharine, beckoned. At the age of fifteen years he 
daughter of Henry Merritt; (second) began his insurance career by entering 
Martha Howland, of Plymouth, who sur- the office of the Washington Fire & Mar- 
vived him, and married (second) Peter ine Insurance Company, as a clerk. 
Bacon, of Taunton. Children of first mar- Here his industrious application and 
riage : Deborah ; John, baptized in ready grasp of details gained the favor- 
Scituate, where he made his home, and able notice of his superiors and he was 
married Lucy Bowker, a daughter of rapidly promoted until, in 1880, he was 
John and Ann (Wright) Bowker, and made secretary of the company. This 
their children were : Simeon, born Au- position he filled with notable efficiency 
gust 25, 1781; Elijah, mentioned below; for a period of seven years, when he re- 

'05 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

signed to become special agent of the had more than fifty years' continuous experience 

Franklin Insurance Company of Philadel- in insurance work, having begun as a clerk in 

phia, Pennsylvania. After one year of the office of a Boston com P an y in l862 - After 

. . . , - ji- twenty-five years' service there, during which 

this service he transferred his activities . *u e i * r 

time he rose to the official position of secretary 

to the service of the Springfield Fire & of the com pan y , he had several years' experi- 

Marine Insurance Company, of Spring- ence in the New England field as special agent, 

field, Massachusetts, with which he has from which he was called to the home office of 

been identified up to the present time. the Springfield Fire and Marine Insurance Com- 

. pany to fill the position of assistant secretary, 

As a practical insurance man he has few and from which he was advanced to the presi- 

equals in the field, and he readily dency, as already stated, in 1895. Mr. Damon's 

advanced in position with the company qualifications for the position he has filled for 

from his first connection with it. From twenty years with so much c cn T di ' to himself a " d 

his company are not confined, however, to his 

1891 to 1895 he filled the office of assistant underwriting and executive ability. He has ad- 
secretary, and was elevated to the presi- mittedly but few if any superiors as a financier, 
dency in 1895. During his connection his notable success in handling the company's 

-4-u v *t, c c ij TV p TV/T large assets in a manner to produce the best pos- 

with it, the Springfield Fire & Marine t . . , 

sible results, having won unstinted praise from 

Insurance Company has made rapid representative financiers and insurance company 
growth, and has come to be the largest* officials in all parts of the country. The corn- 
fire insurance organization in the Com- P an y' s annual statements of income bear fur- 
i-t, T* TIT T\ j ther incontrovertible witness to his exceptional 
monwealth. lo Mr. Damon is due the , ,,- r, .u 

acumen in handling investments. By the work 

credit for much of this prosperity, and he O ne knows the workman, 
is recognized among insurance men of the 

United States as a leader in his especial In iQJO-iQ 11 Mr - Damon served as 
line. That this estimation of the ability president of the National Board of Fire 
of Mr. Damon is a widespread one, the Underwriters. His company occupies a 
following extract from an article on the splendid building in Springfield, one of 
Springfield Fire & Marine Insurance the finest in the world, devoted exclusive- 
Company, which appeared in "The Insur- ! 7 to the care and prosecution of its own 
ance Journal and New England Under- business. Mr. Damon is interested in 
writer," the oldest insurance journal several business enterprises of Spring- 
established and continuously published in field ' to whose prosperity his fine execu- 
New England, in the issue of March 19, tive ability has contributed in no small 
1915, will amply testify: degree. He is a director of the Third 

National Bank of Springfield, and a trus- 

The results above outlined could have been tee of the Springfield Institution for 

obtained only by both underwriting and execu- , A . XT T- 1 j T 

tive management of the highest order. The SaVm S' End the NfiW En S land Investment 

banner period of the company the past twenty & Security Company. He is also a 

years has had the directing hand of President director of the Springfield Street Rail- 

A. W Damon. In fact, it is not too much to way Company, the Holyoke Water 

say that the remarkable success achieved has -^ ~ 11^-1" -r,- i 

been due directly to his masterful management, P Wer Com P an y and the Cheney-Bigelow 

aided, as he has always been, by a corps of able, Wire Works. Mr. Damon appreciates 

efficient, and devoted assistants a condition the duty of every American citizen to 

precedent to notable accomplishment. Mr. participate in the control of public affairs 
Damon is recognized everywhere as the peer of 

the ablest underwriters and company managers throu g h the ballot > but does not desir e 

that this country has ever produced. He has political station. He acts with the Repub- 

106 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



lican party, and has consented to serve yard, died at Attleboro, August 30, 1740. 

his city as a member of its Sinking Fund Like his father he was a husbandman, 

tanner and innkeeper. He married, in 
Attleboro, November 9, 1721, Mary, 



Commission, 

Mr. Damon married, in Boston, in 



1869, Marie Snow Higgins, who died in daughter of Penticost Blackinton, born 



1871 after the birth of a son, Willard 
Sweetser, who died in Springfield, May 
24, 1892. 



November 25, 1698, in Marblehead, Mas- 
sachusetts, died December I, 1772, in 
Attleboro. Their third son, Samuel Dag- 
gett, born January 3, 1731, in Attleboro, 

died at Schuylerville, New York, in Au- 

DAGGETT, William Henry, , u ... , c . XT ,, 

gust, 1806. He settled first in Needham, 

Chief of Springfield Fire Department. Massachusetts, and is described as gentle- 

William Henry Daggett is descended man and yeoman. He married, in Need- 
from a family which is very ancient in ham, March 6, 1750, Abial, daughter of 
England, where the name appears to be Nathaniel Kingsbury. Their fifth son 
generally spelled in the form used by him, was Ebenezer Daggett, born May 16, 
though sometimes written Doget. Nu- 1762, in Needham, a blacksmith by trade, 

died in Jordan, New York, 1845. He 
married Jennett, daughter of David and 
Lydia (Brattan) Paterson, born April 24, 
1767, in Enfield Massachusetts, died May 



merous families of the name have been 
traced for many generations in England 
in widely separated sections of the king- 
dom. 

The American ancestor was John Dag- 



13, 1848, in Jordan. Their second son, 



gett, baptized November I, 1602, in Box- Moses Daggett, born April 7, 1796, in 

ford, Suffolk, England. He came with Enfield, was a blacksmith and carriage 

Governor Winthrop's fleet to America in maker, residing in Springfield, Massachu- 

1630, and died at Plymouth, Massachu- setts, where he died April 18, 1876, in the 

setts, in May, 1673. No record has been beginning of his eighty-first year. He 

found of his first marriage, which un- married (first) Lovisa, daughter of Joel 

doubtedly occurred in England. He mar- Pinney, born 1800, in Somers Connecticut, 

ried (second) in Plymouth, a widow, died March 6, 1857, m Springfield. Their 

Bathsheba Pratt. His second son, Thomas eldest son was Francis Daggett, born 

Daggett, born about 1630, in Watertown, April 16, 1832, in Springfield, an armorer 

Massachusetts, settled on Martha's Vine- of that city, where he died in 1902. He 

yard as early as 1652, and died there 1691. learned the trade of blacksmith with his 

He married, in 1657, Hannah, daughter father, and went to California in 1850. 

of Governor Thomas and Jane Mayhew, Returning to his native city, he enlisted 



of Edgartown, born June 15, 1635, in 
Watertown, died in Edgartown, 1722. 
Their third son, John Daggett, born 1662, 
in Edgartown, was a yeoman, tanner and 
innholder, and died in Attleboro, Massa- 
chusetts, September 7, 1724. He mar- 



as a soldier of the Civil War in Company 
I, Third Massachusetts Heavy Artillery, 
and was attached to the engineering 
department. He was a Congregationalist 
in religion, and his wife a Methodist. 
He married, in New Britain, Connecticut, 



ried, about 1685, Sarah Norton, and they October 27, 1857, Elizabeth Ann, daugh- 
were the parents of Ebenezer Daggett, ter of Edwin and Mary Ann (Ellis) 
born August 29, 1690, on Martha's Vine- Belden, born October 2, 1836, in New 

107 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Britain, died 1896. Edwin Belden re- 
moved to Texas and his wife died and 
was buried where the city of Dallas, in 
that State, now stands. After forty-rive 
years' residence in the South, he died in 
South Carolina, to which State he had a 
few years before removed. Their daugh- 
ter. Mary Ann, was but two years of age 
when her mother died, and was sent back 
to Connecticut, where she was reared by 
relatives. Children of Francis and Eliza- 
beth A. Daggett : William Henry, men- 
tioned below: Charles M., now a resident 



and in his official capacity Chief Daggett 
is ever alert to any improvement and his 
judgment is accepted as always for the 
best interests of the city and its protec- 
tion. He is a member of Rosalie Lodge, 
Free and Accepted Masons, also of Pyn- 
chon Council, Xo. 1368, and of the Royal 
Arcanum. Politically a lifelong Repub- 
lican, he has ever taken an active interest 
in political affairs, has given the best 
years of his life to the fire protection of 
his native city, this having taken all his 
time and attention. In his time the de- 



of Boise City, Idaho, where he has been partment has been greatly expanded, and 
for thirty years a music dealer ; George, is now equipped with modern buildings 
James, Sarah and Jennie, died in child- and apparatus including auto fire trucks, 



hood. 

William Henry Daggett, eldest child of 
Francis and Elizabeth Ann (Belden) 
Daggett, was born October 24, 1858. in 
Springfield, where he grew up, and 
attended the grammar school and Bur- 
nett's English and Classical Institute, 
where he attended two years after leav- 
ing the grammar school. On attaining 
his majority he found employment in the 
Smith & Wesson Fire Arms Company, of 
Springfield, and was subsequently em- 



individual rooms for the men of the force, 
and every convenience known to the 
times. 

He married, November, 1892, Genevieve 
M. Flynn. daughter of Jeremiah D. and 
Annie (Crowl) Flynn, a native of Wheel- 
ing. West Virginia. During the Civil 
War. Mrs. Daggett came to Springfield 
with her grandparents, her mother being 
then deceased. Children: i. Roswell 
Belden, born April 12. 1896: graduated 
February, 1914. at the Technical High 



that school, and is now registered at 
Dartmouth College. 2. Robert True, born 
July 15, 1904: now a student of the 
Springfield public schools. 



ployed, for a period of twelve years, as School of Springfield, with the highest 
an inspector in the United States Armory, standing of any one ever graduated from 
At the age of twenty-one years he joined 

the call force of the Springfield Fire 
Department, and under the reorganiza- 
tion of the department was made deputy 
chief, in March, 1894. He continued to 

serve in this capacitv until February, 

. . YOUNG, Charles L., 
1908. when he became chief 01 the Spring- 
field Fire Department. It is a well estab- Lawyer, State Official. 
li^hed and undisputed fact that no city The attributes that go to make up a 

in the United States, if indeed in the successful life are many high character, 

world, the size of Springfield has a more integrity of purpose, perseverance, ability, 

efficient department or one better equip- and a determination to succeed. All 

ped. Every apparatus is run under its these virile qualities find exemplification 

own power, no horses being used, and the in high degree in the person of Colonel 

apparatus is all of the very latest design, Charles L. Young, a representative citizen 

108 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of Springfield, Massachusetts, where he is 
held in high esteem in the best business, 
political and social circles. 

His father, William H. Young, was a 
native of Virginia, born in Charlestown 
(now West Virginia), August 18, 1819. 
He was reared and educated in his native 
city, and in young manhood removed to 
Columbus, Ohio, where he followed his 
trade, that of a carpenter. His ability and 
skill gained for him a high reputation, 
and he came to be one of the prominent 
contractors and builders of the city, many 
of its finest buildings and private resi- 
dences standing as monuments to his 
masterly workmanship. In religion he 
was a Methodist, and attended the Wesley 
Church. He was a prominent member of 
various fraternal bodies, among them be- 
ing : Central Lodge, No. 23, of which he 
was past grand ; also Capitol Encampment, 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, in 
which he had filled all the chairs and was 
past chief patriarch ; Algonquin Tribe, 
Improved Order of Red Men, of which 
he was past sachem ; Joseph Dowdall 
Lodge, Knights of Pythias, in which as 
in all the previous orders he had passed 
all the chairs, and was past chancellor. 

Mr. Young married Maria Biddle, born 
in North Radnorshire, Wales, November 
27, 1819, died in 1893, a daughter of John 
Biddle, who came to this country accom- 
panied by his family when his daughter 
Maria was four years of age, locating in 
Richwood, Ohio. Mr. and Mrs. Young 
had children : George H., a resident of 
Evans, Colorado ; Elvira K., deceased ; 
Mary E., who married Edwin Lawrence, 
of Columbus, Ohio ; Charles L., see next 
paragraph ; Alfred Kelley, deceased ; Mar- 
garet A., married G. F. Ramsey, of 
Columbus, Ohio ; Joseph. 

Colonel Charles L. Young, son of Wil- 
liam H. and Maria (Biddle) Young, was 



born in Columbus, Ohio, May 23, 1850. 
He acquired a practical education in the 
schools of Columbus, completing his 
education in the high school. His first 
employment was as errand boy with the 
firm of Walkup & Ury, entering their 
service, January 15, 1864, and remaining 
until 1869, during which time his efficient 
and capable service secured him advance- 
ment to the head clerkship of this concern. 
Afterward for a number of years he was a 
traveling salesman for the firm of Jones 
& Company, manufacturers of and whole- 
sale dealers in boots and shoes, his terri- 
tory extending from Western New York 
to Denver, Colorado. He then removed 
to Springfield, Massachusetts. Here he 
became one of the organizers of the C. 
W. Mutell Manufacturing Company, of 
which he was chosen president, serving 
in that capacity until November 21, 1892, 
when he disposed of his interest in the 
company. The following year he served 
as secretary of the Odd Fellows Mutual 
Relief Association, one of the leading 
societies of its kind in the New England 
States, and then entered into business 
relations with L. H. Hosley for the manu- 
facture and sale of society goods, prin- 
cipally lodge and society regalia and 
paraphernalia. This enterprise was a 
success from the outset, its business in- 
creasing in volume and importance from 
year to year, until they took rank among 
the leading manufacturers in that special 
line. In the meantime he had given his 
spare hours to reading law, and on March 
13, 1899, he was admitted to the bar. 
This accomplishment is particularly 
worthy of note, as he was now about fifty 
years of age. That he should have so suc- 
cessfully prepared himself for a new 
career at such an age affords a fine 
exemplification of the ambition and indus- 
try that possessed him a course of 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

duct most rare at such an age. He im- sentative to the Sovereign Grand Lodge 
mediately entered upon practice, and had at the sessions held in Columbus, Ohio, 
soon secured the patronage of a large and and Topeka, Kansas, in 1888-89, an d was 
important clientele, in whose interests he appointed on the staff of Lieutenant- 
is now industriously engaged. His stand- General John C. Underwood, as assistant 
ing in his profession is further evidenced quartermaster, with the rank of major, 
by his membership in the National Bar He was also colonel of the Third Regi- 
Association. ment, Patriarchs Militant, which rank he 
Aside from his various business inter- now holds. He has attained the much- 
ests, Colonel Young has been a prominent coveted thirty-second degree in Masonry, 
figure in political life. A Republican in and is a member of the Blue Lodge, 
politics, he was known as a forceful and Chapter, Council, Commandery, Lodge of 
eloquent speaker, and has been in great Perfection, Princes of Jerusalem, Rose 
demand for service on the stump. While Croix, and the Cincinnati Consistory. He 
a resident of Columbus, he made a sue- is also past potentate of Melha Temple, 
cessful campaign through Ohio, under Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of the 
the auspices of the Republican State Mystic Shrine ; past commander of 
Central Committee, and after his removal Hampden Commandery, Knights of 
to Massachusetts he was similarly en- Malta ; member of Adelphi Chapter, 
gaged by the Republican Committee of Order of the Eastern Star; Ousamequin 
that State. In Columbus he served two Tribe, Improved Order of Red Men, in 
years as a police commissioner; later he which he attained the position of past 
was a candidate for the office of county great representative to the Great Council 
clerk in Franklin county, but was de- of the United States ; past grand chancel- 
feated at the polls, his party being in the lor of Springfield Lodge, No. 63, Knights 
minority. In 1895-96 he was elected and of Pythias, and past grand chancellor of 
served as a member of the Massachusetts the State ; past representative to the Na- 
General Court, representing the Seventh tional Camp of the Patriotic Sons of 
Hampden District. America ; member of the Loyal Order of 
Colonel Young has made a unique Moose ; the Royal Arcanum ; the Pilgrim 
record in fraternal circles, having attain- Fathers ; the New England Order of Pro- 
ed high rank in many of the most import- tection and Bela Grotto, and other orders, 
ant orders in which he has ever taken He also holds membership in the Spring- 
a keen interest, possessing a thorough field Board of Trade, the Masonic Club 
knowledge of their histories and pur- of Springfield, the Automobile Club of 
poses. While a resident of Columbus he Springfield, the Republican Club, the 
became a member of Central Lodge, No. Toledo Traveling Men's Association, and 
23, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, is past grand councillor of the Commer- 
and held all the various offices in the cial Travelers' Association of America, 
subordinate lodge together with those of and past president of the Springfield 
the encampment, and was advanced to the Division of the Travelers' Protective As- 
highest office within the gift of the Grand sociation. He is also an associate member 
Lodge of the State that of grand master of E. K. Wilcox Post, Grand Army of the 
which exalted station he occupied during Republic, is often the invited orator on 
the years 1884-85. He served as a repre- Memorial Day, and pays eloquent tribute 

[ 10 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



to the citizen soldiery of 1861-1865, who 
under Lincoln, were the saviors of the 
Union. His warm, patriotic feeling was 
made manifest practically at the outbreak 
of the Spanish-American War. When the 
call for troops was made, he organized a 
provisional company, of which he was 
elected captain. His company was assign- 
ed to the Armory, and, not being called 
to the front, was honorably discharged 
at the close of the war. 

Colonel Young married (first) at 
Worthington, Ohio, October i, 1872, Cora 
E. Richardson, who died July i, 1908. 
Children: i. Elva, studied law and was 
admitted to the bar ; for several years she 
conducted a successful practice ; later she 
married Charles T. Van Winkle, and they 
reside in Salt Lake City, Utah. 2. 
Charles, is a mining engineer, residing in 
Durango, Colorado. 3. Elizabeth, resides 
in Springfield, where she is a practicing 
physician, and is recognized as one hav- 
ing ample professional knowledge and a 
genuine love for her calling. Colonel 
Young married (second) March 5, 1910, 
Jessie Leigh, a prominent soprano solo- 
ist of Hartford, Connecticut. 

Colonel Young has traveled extensive- 
ly through many foreign countries, as 
well as his own land. At various times, 
on his return from such visits, he has 
delighted large audiences with his illus- 
trated lectures. 



CARMICHAEL, John Hosea, 

Physician, Hospital Official. 

Dr. John Hosea Carmichael, of Spring- 
field, Massachusetts, is a descendant of a 
Scotch ancestry. 

The immigrant ancestor of Dr. Car- 
michael was John Carmichael, a native 
of Scotland, reared and educated there, 
who, upon attaining man's estate, emi- 



grated to this country, accompanied by 
his brother, who located in the State of 
Georgia. John Carmichael took up his 
residence at Sand Lake, Rensselaer 
county, New York, where he devoted 
himself to agricultural pursuits and 
achieved success. His wife, who was a 
Miss Canfield, bore him a number of 
children, among them being William, of 
further mention. 

Captain William Carmichael, son of 
John Carmichael, and father of Dr. John 
Hosea Carmichael, was born at Sand 
Lake, New York, in 1780. He followed 
in the footsteps of his father, becoming an 
agriculturist at a suitable age, conducting 
his operations on a farm consisting of 
some two hundred and fifty acres, and in 
addition to this conducted a business in 
real estate. He followed these lines for a 
number of years, but subsequently, in 
association with his son-in-law, Dr. Jud- 
son, of West Sand Lake, he engaged in 
the manufacturing business, which also 
proved a highly lucrative enterprise, he 
being a man of great executive ability, 
mechanical genius of a high order and an 
inventive mind. To him is due the credit 
of making the first cast iron ploughshare 
and mould board, which he placed on ex- 
hibition in Boston and which attracted 
considerable notice and comment. For a 
number of years he served as justice of 
the peace, and head surveyor receiving 
the latter appointment from the govern- 
ment, but was compelled to retire from 
the same by reason of impaired health. 
He was a Democrat in politics, a Baptist 
in religion, and an active and prominent 
member of the order of Free and Accept- 
ed Masons. He was an active participant 
in the War of 1812, receiving his rank as 
captain as a reward for bravery. Captain 
Carmichael married Mary Kelley, of 
Irish parentage, a native of Nassau, New 



in 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



York, born in 1826, died in 1868, survived 
by her husband, who passed away in 
1876, having attained the venerable age 
of ninety-six years. They were the 
parents of seven children who lived to 
adult age; the eldest of these 

Dr. John Hosea Carmichael was born 
at Sand Lake, Rensselaer county. New 
York, January 29. 1851. His elementary 
education was acquired in the public 
schools of his native place, which he at- 
tended until his graduation in his fifteenth 
year. He was then a pupil at Schram's 
Academy, at Sand Lake, from which he 
was graduated the following year, 1867, 
followed a higher course of study at the 
Nassau Academy, from which he was 
graduated in the same year. Having thus 
qualified himself for the profession of 
teaching, he accepted a position in a 
school at Old Chatham, where he taught 
one year. Another year was then spent 
in teaching at Lebanon Springs, after 
which he taught school at Sand Lake dur- 
ing the winter months. He then com- 
menced a course of study in the office of 
Dr. Oliver J. Peck, of North Chatham. 
New York, continued with this physician 
until 1873, at the same time pursuing a 
course of study in the Medical Depart- 
ment of the Union University, at Albany, 
from which institution he was graduated 
with the degree of Doctor of Medicine, 
February 24. 1873. Some time was also 
spent in the office of Dr. J. M. Bigelow. 
Dr. Carmichael selected Worcester, Mas- 
sachusetts, as the scene of his professional 
activity, and was a resident of that city 
until 1876, was in practice there until his 
removal to Warren. Massachusetts, where 
he was in active practice until 1878, when 
he took a post-graduate course at the 
New York Homoeopathic Hospital, and 
the College of Physician and Surgeons, 
also of New York. He made a specialty 
of surgery, and was one of the first physi- 



cians of Worcester to perform operations 
in abdominal surgery. In January, 1883, 
he took up his residence in Boston, and 
in June, 1884, removed to Springfield, 
Massachusetts, where he has since been 
in practice. 

Dr. Carmichael was one of the pro- 
moters of the Hampden Homoeopathic 
Hospital Hater Wesson Memorial Hospi- 
tal', of which Daniel B. Wesson, of 
Springfield, was the benefactor. Dr. Car- 
michael received the appointment of 
surgeon-in-chief of the hospital, and still 
serves in that capacity. It is at the 
present time 119151 one of the finest and 
best equipped of its class in the State of 
Massachusetts, having accommodation 
for seventy-five patients. Dr. Carmichael 
is a member of the Surgical and Gyne- 
cological Society of Boston, and served 
as president in 1884: of the Worcester 
County Homoeopathic Society, of which 
he was president in 1879: of the Western 
Massachusetts Homeopathic Medical So- 
ciety was president in 1885; the American 
Institute of Homeopathy, the Massachu- 
setts Homeopathic Medical Society; also 
member of the American College of Sur- 
geons. He also holds membership in 
Springfield Lodge, Free and Accepted 
Masons : the Nyasset Club ; Masonic 
Club : and the Springfield Driving Club, 
of which he is president. He is connected 
with the Highland Baptist Church, and 
his political allegiance is given to the 
Republican party. 

Dr. Carmichael married, at New Leb- 
anon. New York. March 17, 1875, Anna 
Elizabeth Spencer, born March 13. 1854, 
daughter of Charles Harrison and Pauline 
Elizabeth Spencer, of that town, where 
the father was a successful tiller of the 
soil. They have one child: Pauline, born 
July 21, 1892. Mrs. Carmichael is also a 
member of the Highland Baptist Church. 
and of the Woman's Club. She has taken 



112 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



a very prominent part in charitable and 
church affairs for the past thirty years. 
She is president of the Home for the 
Friendless, also of the Home for Friend- 
less Women and Children, and has been a 
leading spirit in promoting the welfare of 
these institutions. She is a member of 
the corporation of the Home for the Aged, 
and of a number of church organizations 
connected with the Highland Baptist 
Church. 



MOORE, Mary Noble, 

Successful Business Woman. 

From the quiet of a New Hampshire 
farm to the management of a large and 
prosperous business in a bustling city like 
Lynn, Massachusetts, is indeed a trans- 
formation and one that could only be 
effected by a strong, self-reliant and 
capable person. Yet this is the life 
story of Mary Noble Moore, caterer, 
manufacturer and retail dealer in ice 
cream and candies. Her success in the 
business world has been remarkable, but 
she is a woman remarkable in her energy, 
quick decision, sound business judgment, 
progressive spirit and determination to 
excel. Such traits must win success in 
any field and in their application to the 
work her hands found to do, her success 
is due, not to fortuitous circumstances 
nor to one lucky turn of the wheel of 
fortune. From the very beginning of her 
venture into the business world she has 
been a worker. She mastered every detail 
of a small business, and excellence in 
every department was her standard. A 
great factor in her success has been her 
wonderful power to drop the cares of 
business and thoroughly give herself to 
whatever recreation she was taking, driv- 
ing with horse or motor, canoeing or rest- 
ing at her beautiful home in Swampscott. 
She has proved her right to a place in the 

MASS Vol. IV-8 1 1 3 



business world and now that her ambition 
is realized she is deliberately curtailing it, 
in pursuance of a determination to keep 
her operations within a limit that will 
allow her a certain measure of freedom 
for social life and travel. Hence the 
wholesale manufacture of ice cream at 
her Sewall street factory has been dis- 
continued and her entire business concen- 
trated under one roof at 91 Market street, 
her beautiful store temptingly inviting 
customers. 

Mary Noble Moore was born at Ports- 
mouth, New Hampshire, and spent her 
early life upon her father's farm. She is 
the daughter of Charles and Lucy (Noble) 
Barber, and granddaughter of John and 
Lucy Noble, the Barbers and the Nobles 
of old Maine and New Hampshire lineage. 
Charles Barber was born near Biddeford, 
Maine, but being left an orphan at an 
early age, grew up with the Mundy 
family of Topsfield, Massachusetts. There 
he became familiar with live stock deal- 
ing, a knowledge that he applied after 
settling on his own farm at Portsmouth, 
New Hampshire. He did not marry until 
forty years of age, his bride being about 
the same age. They were members of 
the Episcopal church, Mrs. Barber, a 
talented musician, being church organist. 

Their daughter, Mary Noble, early de- 
veloped a strong healthy, active body, and 
was her father's business assistant when 
but a girl, her genius for business assert- 
ing itself at the earliest opportunity. At 
the age of nineteen years she married and 
moved to Lynn, Massachusetts. Soon 
after coming to Lynn a small catering 
business was started, from which has 
grown the magnificent business of to-day. 
Mrs. Moore has made her greatest suc- 
cess during the past ten years, during 
which time she has been alone in the busi- 
ness. She has kept her confectionery 
business, the oldest in Lynn, in the lead 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

and to this end has used every endeavor. Episcopal Church, is kindly and sympa- 

She has enlarged it several times, added thetic, enjoys social life and has many 

new departments and established a whole- friends. She works hard but intelligently, 

sale ice cream business with a factory on and has many plans for the future and in- 

Sewall street which was recently sold, tends now that prosperity has been won 

It has been her special pride to have the to thoroughly recompense herself for the 

latest and best in furnishings and modern years spent in winning it. Yet she does 

store equipment. The first electric egg not regret those years of toil, but rejoices 

beater in the city was installed in her in the fact that she was strong enough 

store, a generator for the soda fountain mentally and physically to meet responsi- 

put in, and two soda fountains have been bility courageously and to conquer, 

discarded for a third which was installed 

under her supervision and plans. The POTTER, Charles Samuel, 
store is most inviting in its perfect ap- 

, ,. 1 ,- Business Man, Public Official. 

pomtments, the candies temptingly dis- 
played and all in exquisite taste. The Charles Samuel Potter, manager of the 
ice cream parlor in the rear of the store Hampden Lumber Company since its or- 
is a delightful resting place, its decoration ganization in 1902, is numbered among 
having been according to Mrs. Moore's Springfield's active and successful busi- 
taste and designs. She conducts her busi- ness men. He is a representative of one 
ness along the best modern lines and has of the oldest families of New England, 
her large force of salesmen and sales- being in direct line of descent from Na- 
ladies thoroughly imbued with her own thaniel Potter, who was born in England, 
spirit of enthusiasm and desire to excel, and settled in Portsmouth, Rhode Island, 
some of them having been with her ever in 1634. 

since she started in business. Nathaniel Potter, son of the Nathaniel 
Her greatest delight is in her home and Potter, mentioned above, was born in 
so perfectly has she every detail of her Portsmouth, Rhode Island, in October, 
business systematized that she can now 1637, died October 20, 1704. and was the 
devote days at a time to domestic life, first American born ancestor of this 
Her home in Swampscott is connected by family. He married Elizabeth Stokes, 
wire with her store, so that she can Nathaniel Potter, son of Nathaniel and 
always and quickly be communicated Elizabeth (Stokes) Potter, was born at 
with, should an emergency arise. She is Dartmouth, Massachusetts, November 
fond of motoring, drives her own car, and 12, 1669, and died November 16, 1/36. 
from the old farm days brings a love for He married Joan Wilbur, who was born 
the light harness horse, usually owning in the year 1661, and died in 1731. 
one or more speedy ones. The White William Potter, son of Nathaniel and 
Mountains especially appeal to her in Joan (Wilbur) Potter, was born in Dart- 
their summer beauty and she has an mouth, Massachusetts, in 1689, the date 
intimate acquaintance with their every of his death not being of record. He mar- 
feature. She is a woman of culture, edu- ried Mary Browning. 

cated at Kingston, New Hampshire, and David Potter, son of William and Mary 
Somerville, Massachusetts, possesses the (Browning) Potter, was born in Dart- 
womanly graces and accomplishments, is mouth, Massachusetts, February 13, 1722, 
a member of St. Stephen's Protestant and died April n, iSoi. He married, Jan- 



THE NEW Y( 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 



: 




'UNDATT01 







7 




ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



uary 5, 1749, Susanna Barber, a daughter 
of Richard Barber. 

Philip Potter, son of David and Susan- 
na (Barber) Potter, was born in Rich- 
mond, Rhode Island, September 13, 1/53, 
and died October 14, 1824. He married, 
April 10, 1777, Abigail Philips, born in 
1756, died in 1834, a daughter of Bartholo- 
mew and Elizabeth Philips. 

Captain Philip Potter, son of Philip and 
Abigail (Philips) Potter, was born in 
Ashford, Connecticut, February 14, 1/82, 
and died December 31, 1847. He married 
Hannah, born in 1781, died in 1854, a 
daughter of Zera and Mary Preston. 

Captain Philip Preston Potter, son of 
Captain Philip and Hannah (Preston) 
Potter, was born at \Yillington, Connecti- 
cut, July 6, 1811, and died in Springfield, 
January 14, 1901. He was active in mili- 
tary affairs, and served for many years 
as captain in the State militia. In 1825 
he accompanied his parents to Wilbra- 
ham, and was a resident of that town 
sixty-four years. The later years of his 
life were spent in Springfield with his son, 
Timothy D. Potter. He was a man of 
strong character and exceptional business 
ability. During his residence at Wilbra- 
ham he served several times as selectman 
and assessor, and in 1853 represented the 
town in the Legislature. He was one of 
the incorporators, and for many years a 
director, of the Palmer Savings Bank ; 
was a Methodist in religion, a Republi- 
can in politics. He was active and suc- 
cessful in any line of business to which 
he turned his attention, whether agricul- 
ture, as a lumber merchant, or a dealer in 
real estate. His honesty was proverbial, 
and his personal statement did not need 
the security of writing to be held good. 
Captain Potter, in partnership with his 
son, Timothy D. Potter, engaged in the 
lumber business in Palmer, in 1866, 
riTid this concern has been continued to 



the present time. Captain Potter married, 
May 24, 1836, Bethiah B. Walker, born in 
Connecticut, December 5, 1811, daughter 
of Caleb and Abigail (Dimmock) Walker, 
who came to Belchertown about 1825. 
Caleb Walker, whose father served in 
the Revolutionary War, died in Belcher- 
town in 1853, at the age of seventy-nine 
years. His wife, Abigail (Dimmock) 
Walker, was a daughter of Timothy Dim- 
mock, a native of Willington, Connecti- 
cut, who also served in the Revolutionary 
War. Children of Captain and Mrs. Pot- 
ter: i. Timothy D., of further mention. 
2. William W., born July 12, 1842, is a 
resident of Brookline; he married, May 
21, 1873, Isabella Strickland, a teacher 
of Springfield. 3. Abigail Bethiah, born 
October 30, 1844; married, April 8, 1863, 
M. A. Maynard, who was a coal and 
wood dealer of Springfield, now retired. 
4. Almena M., born August 8, 1846 ; mar- 
ried George M. Hastings, of Palmer. 5. 
Philip H., born August 20, 1851 ; married, 
September 17, 1873, Clara Murdock. 

Timothy D. Potter, son of Captain 
Philip Preston and Bethiah B. (Walker) 
Potter, was born April 12, 1840. He was 
educated in the common schools and Wil- 
braham Academy, the latter one of the 
oldest Methodist institutions in Western 
Massachusetts. After leaving school Mr. 
Potter spent a short time in the West, 
later returning to Massachusetts, where 
he was engaged in farming and lumber 
operations Belchertown. In 1866, under 
the firm name of P. P. & T. D. Potter, he 
built a saw and planing mill at Bonds- 
ville. and after six years purchased the 
interest of his father in this business. He 
then became a building contractor. In 
1880 he took as a partner in business, 
Rufus L. Bond, an association which 
lasted until 1909, when Mr. Potter pur- 
chased the interest of Mr. Bond, but con- 
tinued the business under the firm name 



1 1 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of T. D. Potter. Beginning in December, 
1880, Mr. Potter was actively engaged 
for fifteen years in milling operations in 
Michigan, operating mills in Stanton and 
Alger, and for a period of three years 
resided in Stanton. He then, in 1889, re- 
moved to Springfield, where he became 
identified with building operations and 
real estate transactions. In November, 
1893, ne purchased a controlling interest 
in the A. C. Dutton Lumber Company, 
dealing extensively with the wholesale 
trade. In 1893 he was chosen as treasurer 
of this company. After conducting the 
business successfully for twenty years, 
he disposed of his interest in it, January 
i, 1914. When the Hampden Lumber 
Company was organized in 1902, Mr. Pot- 
ter was elected to the presidency of the 
corporation, and has regularly succeeded 
himself up to the present time (1915). 
He also operated a mill in Vermont, where 
he is the owner of several thousands of 
acres of timber land. In political matters 
he is a Republican. He is a member and 
trustee of the Wesley Methodist Episco- 
pal Church. While a resident of Palmer, 
he served as selectman for one year, as 
assessor for four years, and in 1878 repre- 
sented the towns of Palmer. Ludlow and 
Wilbraham in the Legislature. He served 
as Sunday school superintendent in Stan- 
ton, Michigan, and in Palmer, Bonds- 
ville and Springfield. He was president 
of the Springfield Young Men's Christian 
Association, and for a number of years 
was one of the directors. In 1908 he was 
a delegate to the Methodist Episcopal 
General Conference at Baltimore. Mr. 
Potter married (first) November 19, 1866, 
Larene E. Howe, born in 1844, died in 
1870, a daughter of George and Irene 
Howe; she had no children. He married 
(second) April 6, 1871, Laura Ann (Mor- 
gan } Atwood. who died February 26, 
1883. daughter of Israel and Martha Mor- 



gan, and widow of Charles Atwood. He 
married (third) Mrs. Leora A. Albro, 
daughter of Frederick and Harriette A. 
Risley, and widow of the late Henry Al- 
bro. The only children were by the sec- 
ond marriage, and they were : Charles 
Samuel, whose name heads this sketch ; 
and Larene Bethiah, who was born at 
Palmer, Massachusetts, March 4, 1875, 
and died October 24, 1881. 

Charles Samuel Potter, son of Timothy 
D. and Laura Ann (Morgan) (Atwood) 
Potter, was born in Palmer, Massachu- 
setts, March 24, 1872. He was educated 
in the public schools of Springfield, and 
at Wilbraham Academy, and upon the 
completion of his education he com- 
menced his business career in the office of 
the Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance 
Company, of Springfield, remaining with 
this concern for a period of six years. He 
then assumed the duties of bookkeeper 
for the A. C. Dutton Lumber Company, 
and continued in that capacity until the 
organization of the Hampden Lumber 
Company in 1902, when he was elected to 
the position of manager, an office of which 
he is still the incumbent. This company 
has prospered from the time of its organ- 
ization, under the management of Mr. 
Potter. He is a man of remarkable execu- 
tive ability, and is possessed of the happy 
faculty of winning and retaining the 
friendship of those with whom he is 
brought in contact, whether in business, 
political or social life. He has been twice 
elected a member of the common council 
of Springfield, the last year as president, 
and while a member of that honorable 
body served on some of the most impor- 
tant committees. Subsequently Ward 
Eight elected him a member of the board 
of aldermen. For a number of years he 
has been a member of the Board of Trade 
of Springfield. His religious affiliation is 
with the Methodist church. He is a 
16 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



thirty-second degree Mason, and a mem- 
ber of Hampden Lodge, Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows ; also of the Win- 
throp Club. 

Mr. Potter married, June i, 1898, Jennie 
E. Parrish, daughter of O. B. Parrish. of 
Springfield, and they have one child: 
Barbara Larene, born September 10, 1904. 



WESTON, Franklin, 

Corporation Official, Financier. 

Rev. Isaiah Weston is the first of this 
family of whom we have found a record. 
He was born in Middleboro, Massachu- 
setts, February 17, 1773. In 1814 he 
located in Dalton, where he remained up 
to his death, which occurred in 1821. He 
received an excellent education, later pur- 
suing a course in theology, and was 
ordained a Unitarian minister, following 
that high calling for a number of years. 
After his settlement in Dalton he entered 
into business relations with his brother- 
in-law, Colonel Thomas Green, in the 
operation of a smelting furnace and 
foundry, and he also erected the first 
woolen mill in Dalton, which proved a 
profitable enterprise. In 1812, by appoint- 
ment of President Madison, he became 
the incumbent of the office of collector of 
the port of New Bedford, where he was 
aggressively active and successful in his 
measures for the protection of the coast 
against British cruisers. He was active 
and public-spirited, entering heartily into 
every project that was advanced for the 
betterment and development of the com- 
munity. He married, in 1/95, Sarah 
Dean, born 1776, died 1818, daughter of 
Elijah Dean, of Taunton, Massachusetts, 
who represented the Bristol district in 
Congress. Children : Grenville, Franklin, 
Isaiah, mentioned below; Josiah, Sarah. 

(II) Isaiah (2) Weston, son of Rev. 
Isaiah (i) and Sarah (Dean) Weston, 



was born in Middleboro, Massachusetts, 
in 1804, and died in 1835, in Fremont, 
Illinois, whither he removed in that year, 
his death occurring long before he 
attained the prime of life, thus cutting off 
a life of activity and usefulness. After 
the completion of his studies, he devoted 
considerable attention to agriculture, in 
which he was highly successful, and he 
was also in partnership with his brother, 
Franklin Weston, in the woolen mill, 
above referred to, erected and operated 
at first by their father, and he was also 
active in the management of the store 
conducted in conjunction therewith. He 
was a man of sound business principle, 
honorable and straightforward in all his 
transactions, and was honored and 
esteemed in business circles. He mar- 
ried, at Dalton, Massachusetts, Caroline 
Curtis, born 1809, died 1865, who bore 
him four children, among whom were: 
Isaiah, who was one of the "forty-niners" 
in California, later located in Leadville, 
Colorado, and subsequently removed to 
El Paso, Texas, where his death occurred, 
and Byron, ef whom further. 

(Ill) Governor Byron Weston, son of 
Isaiah (2) and Caroline (Curtis) Weston, 
was born in Dalton, Massachusetts, April 
9, 1832, died November 9, 1898, in the 
city of his birth. He acquired a practical 
education in the schools of the neighbor- 
hood, and he began his business career in 
the capacity of bookkeeper at Saugerties, 
New York, in a mill, the specialties of 
which were the making of news and book 
paper, and which was managed by one of 
his uncles. His next employment was at 
Lindley Murray Crane's mill for the 
manufacture of fine writing papers, at 
Ballston, New York, and later he was 
employed in some of the leading mills 
of Hartford, Connecticut, and Lee, Mas- 
sachusetts, performing the duties allotted 
to him in a commendable manner that 



117 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

won for him the commendation of his he subsequently used in part in occa- 

employers. After the cessation of hostil- sional lectures. In 1882 Mr. Weston 

ities between the North and South, in erected a spacious residence for his own 

which struggle he participated, serving as use, also a substantial business block, 

captain of a company, which he raised, in erected many houses for his employees, 

the Forty-ninth Massachusetts Regiment, which were comfortable and sanitary, 

acquitting himself in a manner befitting laid out streets and sunk great artesian 

his station, Mr. Weston returned to Dal- wells, all of which improvements added 

ton and there purchased the paper plant greatly to the comfort and convenience of 

of Messrs. Henry and A. S. Chamberlain, the residents, and also to the develop- 

located in the center of the town. This ment of Dalton. His business success led 

structure he enlarged and practically re- to his appointment as director of numer- 

built, equipping it with the best and latest cms important institutions, in which 

machinery for its proposed product, linen capacity he rendered valuable service, his 

record and ledger papers. He also pur- keen discrimination and excellent busi- 

chased from General William F. Bartlett ness sagacity having been important fac- 

and Colonel Walter Cutting the mill site, tors in the prosperous conduct of many of 

not far from his other mill, and there, in these enterprises. He also took an active 

18/6, erected the extensive mill known as interest in politics, doing all in his power 

the "Centennial." The product of these to promote the growth and insure the 

mills received gold medals and other success of his party. He served a term 

testimonials of super-excellence where- in the State Senate of 1874 as representa- 

ever exhibited, notably at Philadelphia, tive from northern Berkshire, and was 

1876; Paris, 1878; Australia, 1882; at elected to the office of Lieutenant-Gov- 

similar expositions in New York, Boston, ernor of the State in 1879-80-81, with 

Cincinnati, Louisville, Atlanta, World's Hon. John D. Long as the candidate for 

Fair, Chicago, 1893, and the Pan-Ameri- Governor. During his incumbency of 

can Exposition, 1902. In 1892 the com- office his position was always clearly de- 

pany was incorporated under the name fined and his course straightforward and 

of the Byron Weston Company, of which upright, and he proved himself worthy of 

Byron Weston was president until his de- the confidence reposed in him by his fel- 

cease. Mr. Weston was a man of strong low citizens. 

business force and sound judgment as Governor \Veston married, in 1865, 

well as resourceful ability, and his efforts Julia Mitchell, born in Cummington, 

were crowned with success, and brought Massachusetts, died September 4, 1902, 

to him an excellent financial return. At in Dalton. They were the parents of 

the same time he belonged to that class seven children : Franklin, mentioned be- 

of men whose labors result not alone to low ; Ellen, wife of Hale Holden, who 

their individual prosperity, but are far- was formerly of Kansas City, Missouri, 

reaching in their valuable influence and now a resident of Chicago, president of 

public aid. He was the author of a com- the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy rail- 

prehensive and most instructive and road; Louise B., died in 1909; Julia Caro- 

entertaining history of paper-making read line, wife of John McWilliams, Jr., re- 

by him at the request of the Berkshire sided in Pasadena, California ; Philip, 

Historical and Scientific Society at a mentioned below ; Dorothy D., married 

meeting of that body in 1881, and which Wilmer D. Henning, of Colorado Springs, 

118 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



she died in 1912; Donald M., employed in 
the office of the mills. 

(IV) Franklin Weston, son of Gov- 
ernor Byron and Julia (Mitchell) Weston, 
was born in Dalton, Massachusetts, Au- 
gust 13, 1866. He was educated at Grey- 
lock Institute, and Phillips Academy, An- 
dover, graduating from the latter named 
institution in 1887. Immediately after- 
ward he entered his father's mill in Dal- 
ton and acquired a practical knowledge of 
paper-making in all its branches. Upon 
the incorporation of the Byron Weston 
Company, Franklin Weston was ap- 
pointed to the office of treasurer, in which 
capacity he served until 1910, when he 
was elected president of the company, 
and so continues at the present time 
(1916). Mr. Weston is a member of the 
board of directors of the Berkshire Life 
Insurance Company and the Third Na- 
tional Bank of Pittsfield, and is a mem- 
ber of the board of trustees of the Berk- 
shire County Savings Bank. In 1895 he 
removed to Pittsfield, where he has since 
made his home. He was a charter mem- 
ber of the Masonic lodge of Dalton, tak- 
ing an active part in its organization. He 
filled all the chairs, and was thrice mas- 
ter of the lodge. He is also a member 
of the chapter, council, and commandery 
at Pittsfield. Mr. Weston married, June 
14, 1893, Edith C. Brewer, daughter of 
Edward S. Brewer, of Springfield, Mas- 
sachusetts. They are the parents of five 
children : Corinne, Byron, Elizabeth, Julia, 
Sarah. 

(IV) Philip Weston, son of Governor 
Byron and Julia (Mitchell) Weston, was 
born in Dalton, February i, iSSi. He 
was educated at St. Paul's School, at Con- 
cord, New Hampshire, at Phillips Acad- 
emy, at Andover, and at the Yale Scien- 
tific School. In 1901 he came to the mill 
of his father in Dalton, and learned the 
business of paper-making. Then for a 



time was with the American Writing 
Paper Company. He then returned to 
Dalton and was made treasurer of the 
Byron Weston Company in 1910, which 
position he still holds. Mr. Weston is a 
Republican in politics, and a member of 
various college fraternities. He married, 
in 1910, Theodora L. Pomeroy, a daugh- 
ter of Theodore L. Pomeroy and eldest of 
five children. 



NEWTON, William Henry, 

Business Man, Public Official. 

From sturdy and enterprising ancestors 
Mr. Newton has inherited those qualities 
which have made him prominent among 
the business-men of Pittsfield. The New- 
ton family, which is one of the most nu- 
merous in New England, is of English 
origin, and was founded in America early 
in the Colonial period. It is still well 
represented throughout New England 
and is identified with the best interests 
of that section. Representatives are also 
scattered over other States. 

(I) Richard Newton, whose birthplace 
and ancestry have been the subject of 
many years study by genealogists, ar- 
rived in Massachusetts prior to 1645, m 
which year he was admitted a freeman of 
the colony, and he resided for several 
years in Sudbury. In company with John 
Howe and others he petitioned for the 
settlement of Marlborough, whose incor- 
poration as a town they secured in 1666 
and removing thither he located in that 
part of the town which was afterwards 
set off as Southborough. He lived to be 
nearly one hundred years old, his death 
occurring August 24, i/oi. The Chris- 
tian name of his wife was either Anna or 
Hannah, and she died December 5, 1697. 

(II) John Newton, son of Richard 
Newton, born in 1641, was one of the 
proprietors of Marlborough, Massachu- 



119 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

setts, in 1660, and died there October 16, estate and loan and insurance business, 

1723. He married, January 6, 1666, Eliza- and conducted this up to the time of his 

beth Larkin : she died October 15, 1719. death. He was a staunch Republican; 

(III) Samuel Xewton, second son of taking an active part in political affairs 
John Xewton. was born December 23, and filled various public offices in his 

1669. He married Rebecca , and native town, and in addition to this was 

they resided in Marlborough. deputy sheriff of Berkshire county for 

(IV) Gershom Xewton. son of Sam- twenty-five years. He married Caroline 
uel Xewton, was born December 17, 1690, Xourse, a native of Lanesboro, daughter 
in Marlborough. He married, in 1714, of Enoch and Experience (Parker) 
Elizabeth Angier. Xourse. She was born in 1827, and died 

(V) Jason Xewton. third son of Ger- in Pittsfield in 1880. at the age of fifty- 
shorn Xewton, was born February 2, three years. Her children, born in Lanes- 
1736, in Marlborough, settled in Milford, boro, were: i. William Henry, mentioned 
Massachusetts, whence he removed, below. 2. Florence M., wife of John M. 
about 1774, to Lanesboro, Berkshire Crysler. of Boston; she is the mother of 
county, Massachusetts, where he cleared two children. Earl X. and Ada C. 3. 
a farm and spent the remainder of his Frank P., formerly engaged in the hotel 
life. He married, in Milford, June 9, 1757, business, and now for many years stew- 
Hannah Warren, a daughter of Samuel ard of the Park Club of Pittsfield ; he mar- 
aud Hannah (Beard) Warren. Their first ried Susan Earle, of Xew Lebanon, Xew 
child was baptized in Milford, in 1760. York. 

< VI) Jason (2) Xewton, son of Jason (VIII) William Henry Xewton, son 

(i) Xewton. born 1789, in Lanesboro, of Henry Hobart and Caroline (Xourse) 

Massachusetts, passed all his life there, Xewton. was born May 28, 1860, in Lanes- 

and was a prominent and active citizen ; boro, Massachusetts. He was educated 

he was a selectman, assessor and col- in the schools of Pittsfield. As a young 

lector. He also took a great interest in man he was variously employed. He 

church matters and was for thirty-two finally took a position as an apprentice 

years warden of the Protestant Episcopal and thoroughly learned the upholstering 

church. He married, in Lanesboro, Abi- trade which he followed for a time, then 

gail Wood, and had eight children who decided to engaged in the furniture and 

grew to maturity, including sons, Elias undertaking business for himself. This 

A.. Jason. Henry Hobart and Jedediah continued until 1900, when he formed a 

Warren. The last named was for thirty- partnership with Mr. Jones, the firm 

two years sheriff of Berkshire county, being known as Xewton & Jones. In 

Massachusetts. 1910 he dissolved partnership with Mr. 

(VII) Henry Hobart X T ewton, son of Jones, and in association with Irving J. 
Jason (2) and Abigail (Wood) X'ewton, Barnfather, formed the Xewton, Barn- 
was born in 1830, in Lanesboro, Massa- father Company, Incorporated, of which 
chusetts, and died in Pittsfield, Massa- William H. Xewton is president, and 
chusetts. July n, 1901. He was educated Irving J. Barnfather secretary and treas- 
in the public schools of Pittsfield, and in urer. The directors include: Edgar T. 
early manhood engaged in business as a Lawrence, Lewis A. Merchant. Arthur 
cattle buver and butcher. He subse- H. Wood, Daniel L. Evans, Henrv Kloss- 

* 

quently engaged successfully in the real man, Henry M. Pitt, and Franklin Stur- 

120 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

giss. This is the principal establishment or 1682 he removed to Suffield, Connecti- 

of its kind in the city of Pittsfield, and cut, then a part of Massachusetts, where 

being fully equipped enjoys a high repu- he was among the most prominent and 

tation. Mr. Newton has always taken a influential of the pioneers. He was often 

keen interest in the progress of his native chosen to important offices, and was a 

county, and has been active in the con- member of the general court at Boston 

duct of local affairs for many years. He from 1711 to 1714, and again in 1717. In 

served as councilman, representing Ward the latter named year he died suddenly, 

Two of Pittsfield for two years, and was while in attendance upon his duties as a 

long a member of the Republican city member of the court. He left a large 

committee. He is affiliated with fraternal property, and an honored memory. He 

and benevolent orders, including the married, April 7, 1677, Anna, born Janu- 

Knights of Pythias, Royal Arcanum, and ary 3, 1658, daughter of Nicholas Allen, 

the New England Order of Protection, of Dorchester, Massachusetts, 

and is a regular attendant of St. Stephen's (HI) John Adams, the fourth son of 

Protestant Episcopal Church. He mar- Jacob and Anna (Allen) Adams, was born 

ried Emily Sebille, of Pittsfield, daugh- in Suffield, Connecticut, June 18, 1694. 

ter of Peter and Rose Sebille. He made his home in that town, and 

ranked among the leading citizens. He 

ADAMS, Scott, married, July 26, 1722, Abigail, daughter 

of Peter and Sarah Remington. 

(IV) Moses Adams, eldest son of John 

Scott Adams belongs to one of the old and Abigail (Remington) Adams, was 

New England families. The immigrant born July 8, 1723, in Suffield, Connecticut, 

ancestor of this family was Robert died there, October 18, 1809. He married, 

Adams, born in i6oi,in England. In 1635 October 30, 1746, Mehitable Sikes, born in 

he came from Holderness, County York, 1720, died April 27, 1813. 

England, to Ipswich, Massachusetts, ac- (V) Seth Adams, eldest child of Moses 

companied by his wife and two children, and Mehitable (Sikes) Adams, was born 

They resided for a time in Salem, and in February 18, 1747, in Suffield, Connecti- 

1640 removed to Newbury, where he cut, died in Troy, Bradford county, Penn- 

acquired a large farm and valuable prop- sylvania, November 18, 1835. He was a 

erty. By trade he was a tailor, and was soldier of the Revolution. He resided for 

thus occupied while residing in Salem, many years in Agawam, Massachusetts, 

and the large hand-made shears which he He married (first) September 10, 1770, 

brought from England and used in his Elizabeth Lane, who died December 4, 

trade are now in the possession of one of 1773. He married (second) a Miss Fair- 

his descendants, a resident of Newbury. man. He married (third) Lydia Taylor. 

Robert Adams died October 12, 1682, (VI) Gaius Adams, fourth child of 

aged eighty-one years. His first wife, Seth and - - (Fairman) Adams, was 

Eleanor (Wilmot) Adams, died June 12, born January 18, 1781, in Agawam, Mas- 

1677. sachusetts, died in Springfield, Bradford 

(II) Jacob Adams, youngest child of county, Pennsylvania, in August, 1857. 
Robert and Eleanor (Wilmot) Adams, He removed to Springfield in 1808, join- 
was born in Newbury, Massachusetts, ing the large colony from Agawam who 
September 13, 1651. About the year 1681 settled in that town. He married, March 

121 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

20, iSpS, Cynthia Kent, born October 7, of whom died in East Smithfield, Penn- 
1785, died October 20, 1862, in Spring- sylvania, and a granddaughter of Thomas 
field, Pennsylvania, probably a daughter Scott. Mrs. Adams was a member of a 
of James Kent. Children : Henry Lewis, large family. Only one of her children 
born March 10, 1809, lived at Columbia grew to maturity, Scott, of whom further. 
Cross Roads, in Pennsylvania; James (VIII) Scott Adams, son of Jerre and 
Kent, born February 6, 1811, settled in Marie Child (Scott) Adams, was born 
Troy, Pennsylvania ; Bela Kent, born Au- March 27, 1874, in Agawam, Massachu- 
gust 20, 1813, lived in Rome, Bradford setts. He was reared in his native town, 
county, Pennsylvania ; Cynthia Kent, received his education in its public 
born February 4, 1815, died in 1847, un ~ schools, the high school of Springfield, 
married ; Harriet, born May 29, 1818, mar- Massachusetts, and graduated from the 
ried Sydney Struble, and lived in Muske- Connecticut Literary Institute at Suffield 
gan, Michigan; Margaret, born Septem- in 1891, and from Brown University in 
ber 10, 1820, died in 1895, unmarried: 1895. He studied law with Judge A. M. 
Joel, born January 10, 1824, was a farmer Copeland, was later a student in the office 
in Troy, Pennsylvania ; Lucretia, born of Judge E. F. Lyford, and was admitted 
April 20, 1826, married Ambrose Brown, to the bar, October i, 1897. He at once 
and died in Springfield, Pennsylvania ; began the practice of his profession in 
Jerre, of whom further. Springfield, Massachusetts, and has con- 
(VII) Jerre Adams, youngest child of tinued to the present time (1915). He 
Gaius and Cynthia (Kent) Adams, was resided in Agawam until 1910, when he 
born April 25, 1831, in Springfield, Penn- removed to Springfield, his present resi- 
sylvania, died in Agawam, Massachusetts, dence. He served as a member of the 
June 24, 1904. He was reared there and board of selectmen of Agawam for three 
received his education in public and pri- years, for one year serving in the capacity 
vate schools. He learned the trade of of chairman ; represented the town in the 
blacksmith and toolmaker, and engaged legislature in 1909, and in 1913-14 was 
in railroad and water works construction city solicitor of Springfield. He is a 
in the State of Pennsylvania and in member of the Ancient, Free and Ac- 
Brooklyn, New York, both as superin- cepted Masons. 

tendent and contractor, but returned to Mr. Adams married, September 9, 1903, 

Springfield, Pennsylvania, on account of Mary Edith Ferre, a native of Springfield, 

ill health. He served for a time in the daughter of Charles D. and Fannie C. 

Civil War as corporal in Company B, (Fisher) Ferre, the former named having 

Twenty-sixth Regiment of Pennsylvania been a merchant of Springfield, where he 

militia, taking part in the battle of Gettys- died in January, 1904. Mrs. Adams is 

burg. During a visit to Agawam, Mas- the younger of his two children, the eld- 

sachusetts, in 1866, he built the covered est being James F. Ferre, now manager 

bridge across the Agawam river, later re- of the Mutual Life Insurance Company 

placed by the present Agawam bridge, of Worcester. Mrs. Adams is a regular 

He married Marie Child Scott, born Feb- attendant of the Unitarian church of 

ruary 26, 1832, in East Smithfield, Brad- Springfield. Mr. and Mrs. Adams are the 

ford county, Pennsylvania, died in Aga- parents of three children : Frances, born 

warn, Massachusetts, October 24, 1898, June 10, 1904; Scott, born November 20, 

daughter of Ansel and Hope (Pierce) 1909; Barbara Edith, born February 5, 

Scott, of Rehoboth, Massachusetts, both 1911. 

122 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



DRISCOLL, Daniel Joseph, 

Business Man, Legislator. 

The history of Hon. Daniel Joseph 
Driscoll, ex-Senator, member of the Leg- 
islature and present postmaster of Chico- 
pee Falls, is the story of a life that ap- 
pears to have been one of orderly pro- 
gression under the steady hand of a man 
who is a consistent master of himself, 
whose organism is harmonious and 
always well balanced. He owes his rise 
in life to his own efforts, and has made a 
name for himself as a successful business 
man and in his official career has done 
much for the benefit of his fellow men 
and to advance the best interests of the 
district he has represented, both in the 
Legislature and Senate. Daniel Driscoll, 
his grandfather, was a well known gar- 
dener, settled in Chicopee, Massachusetts, 
in the forties, where he spent the re- 
mainder of his life, died and is buried. 

Stephen J. Driscoll, son of Daniel Dris- 
coll, was born in County Kerry, near the 
Lakes of Killarney, Ireland, in 1845. He 
was a mere child when he was brought 
to Chicopee, and as he grew older assisted 
his father for a time. He then went to 
Pittsfield, where he tried to enlist in the 
Thirty-first Regiment, but was refused, 
upon which he went to Boston and en- 
listed in the navy where he served with 



cated and able to read Latin, also a very 
fine penman ; she died at the age of fifty- 
nine years. Children, ten in number, of 
whom three are now living: Daniel Jo- 
seph, of whom further; James, born in 
18/6, employed as a chauffeur by the 
Stevens-Duryea Auto Company ; Mary 
Ellen, who made her home with Daniel 
Joseph. 

Hon. Daniel Joseph Driscoll, son of 
Stephen J. and Ellen (Boland) Driscoll, 
was born in Chicopee Falls, Hampden 
county, Massachusetts, November 20, 
1867. He was educated at the public, 
parochial, and evening schools, and en- 
tered upon his business career at an early 
age. From 1885 to 1888 he was with 
the Springfield "Evening News," and 
there learned the printer's trade under 
Charles Bellamy, and late in the year 
1888 he went to New Hampshire with 
his father, and at the latter's death took 
his position and continued in this about 
a year, when the mills closed. He then 
returned to Chicopee Falls and entered 
the employ of the Holman Bicycle Com- 
pany, commencing as a polisher of metal, 
and continued this connection until his 
election to the Legislature. Prior to this 
office, however, he had served in the city 
council in 1895 and 1896. In the fall of 
1897 he was elected to the Legislature, 
serving in 1898, which was an unusually 



gallantry until the close of the war, when busy and important session, owing to the 

he was honorably discharged. Returning Spanish-American war. During that term 

to Chicopee Falls, he worked as foreman the Legislature appropriated $500,000 for 

for Daniel Dunn for a number of years, coast defense, an appropriation which was 



having been engaged as a knopper, and 
received prizes for work in that line at 
the Centennial Exposition of 1876. He 
went to Greenville, New Hampshire, in 
September, 1889, in order to start a Knop- 
ping Department there, and this he con- 
ducted until his death, March 10, 1890. 



made in nine minutes without a dissent- 
ing vote, a record unparalled in the his- 
tory of the Legislature of Massachusetts. 
He was reflected in the fall of 1898, and 
received a tie vote in 1899. In order to 
settle the question the Legislature 
ordered a special election for Senator on 



He married Ellen Boland, born in County February 3, 1900, at which Mr. Driscoll 
Limerick, Ireland, a woman of much cul- received a plurality of three hundred and 
ture and refinement, who was well edu- eighty-six votes, defeating Mossman, the 

123 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

great sculptor. At this session of the In 1900 he purchased an interest in a 

Senate, Mr. Driscoll introduced, and had drug store, with which his time was 

passed, an eight hour bill for town and occupied for a period of two years, after 

city laborers, also a bill extending the which he became a traveling salesman for 

time for conditional sales of personal the Church Manufacturing Company, in 

property, a bill to prevent the employ- bath room specialties, covering all the 

ment of minors in breweries, bottling United States with the exception of the 

establishments, or any place where liquor Pacific Coast, for a period of two years, 

was sold. He had the support of the and then abandoned it in order to accept 

temperance and labor organizations, a position with the Springfield Brewing 

After an adverse report by the labor com- Company, in 1904, a position \vhich en- 

mittee, he succeeded in having the bill abled him to spend more time at home 

called up and passed, having the bill sub- with his family. He was for eleven years 

stituted for the committee's report. Dur- collector for this company, continuing 

ing the years in which Mr. Driscoll was with them until 1915, when he was ap- 

a member of the Legislature, many im- pointed by President Wilson postmaster 

portant bills were presented and passed, at Chicopee Falls, to serve until 1919, 

among them being the leasing of the and has since creditably filled this posi- 

Fitchburg to Boston and Maine railroad, tion. Mr. Driscoll and his family are 

and the Boston & Albany to the New members of St. Patrick's Roman Catholic 

York Central Railroad Company. In the Church. He is a charter member of the 

case of the Fitchburg railroad, Mr. Dris- Elder Council of the Knights of Colum- 

coll favored compensating the State for bus, and was formerly a member of Father 

the six million dollars which had been Matthew's Society. Since becoming of age 

appropriated and paid out for the con- he has never missed casting a vote at a 

struction of the Hoosac tunnel. Other Democratic caucus or an election. He 

important bills were the Cape Cod canal has been successful in his business deals 

bill and the Whitney-Lawson gas bill and is the owner of some fine real estate 

investigation. The sessions were long in Chicopee Falls. 

ones and extended until well into the Mr. Driscoll married, June 22, 1898, 
summer. He represented a large con- Catherine G. Walsh, a daughter of Pat- 
stituency of laboring men and took an rick and Catherine W'alsh, of Chicopee. 
active interest in the cause of labor. In Mrs. Driscoll was a graduate of Chicopee 
the fall of 1900 he was the Democratic High School and teacher in evening 
nominee for State Senator in a hard schools for three years. Patrick Walsh 
three-cornered fight and secured the was a member of the Thirty-first Regi- 
nomination on the thirty-seventh ballot, ment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, 
Although he ran far ahead of the Na- and was advanced to the rank of corporal, 
tional ticket he failed to secure the elec- his enlistment being in 1861. He was 
tion. He was the Democratic candidate actively engaged in the real estate busi- 
for the office of mayor of Chicopee, but ness, served as a councilman of Chicopee 
failed of election by one vote. He has from the Sixth Ward, and died about 1906. 
served as delegate to many local and Children of Mr. and Mrs. Driscoll, of 
State conventions, and has for many whom four attend school : Ilene, de- 
years been a leader in the Democratic ceased ; Daniel, Kathleen, Monica, Gerald, 
party. Paul, Arthur. 

124 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



DICKINSON, Francke Walden, 

Business Man, Legislator. 

Francke Walden Dickinson, active and 
prominent in the affairs of Springfield, his 
native city, is a descendant of a Nor- 
wegian ancestry which traces back eleven 
centuries to a shepherd by the name of 
Ivar, who had been captured by the 
Northmen and carried to sea, and who 
became a favorite at the Norwegian 



Dickinson, freeholder as above, married 
Margaret Lambert, died 1475. Hugh 
Dickinson, freeholder as above, married 
Agnes Swillington, removed to Kenson 
Manor, Yorkshire, 1475, died 1509. Wil- 
liam Dickinson, freeholder of Kenson 
Manor, married Isabel Langton, died 
1546. John Dickinson settled in Leeds, 
Yorkshire, married Elizabeth Danby, died 
1554. William Dickinson, settled in 
Brindley Hall, Staffordshire, married 



court. The king made him general of his Rachel Kinge, died 1580. Richard Dick- 
army, and in 725 gave him his daughter, inson, of Bradley Hall, married Elizabeth 
Eurithea, in marriage. He was called Bagnall, died 1605. Thomas Dickinson, 
Prince of Uplands. Upon the death of clerk in the Portsmouth navy-yard, 1567 
the king, Eystein, son of Ivar, became to 1587, removed to Cambridge, 1587, 
heir to the throne, and during his minor- married Judith Carey, died 1590. Wil- 
ity Ivar was regent. Eystein reigned Ham Dickinson, settled in Ely, Cam- 
until 755. He was succeeded by his son, bridge, married Sarah Stacey died 1628. 
Harold Harfager. Rollo, a prince of this Nathaniel Dickinson, born in Ely, 1600, 



line, overran Normandy in 910. His sixth 
and youngest son, Walter, received the 
castle and town of Caen as an inheritance. 
His great-grandson, Walter de Caen, ac- 
companied William the Conqueror, to 
England at the time of the Conquest. 
From this nobleman the line herein traced 
claims descent. Tradition says that the 
name Dickinson is taken from the fact 
that Walter de Caen lived in a manor in 



died at Hadley, June 16, 1676; came 
to Wethersfield, Connecticut, 1636-37, 
served as town clerk and representative 
to the General Court ; removed to Hadley, 
Massachusetts, in 1659, admitted a free- 
man there in 1661 ; married (first) Anna 
Gull, (second) Anne . Nehemiah 



Dickinson, born about 1644, died Septem- 
ber 9, 1723; made a freeman in 1690; 
married Mary, probably Cowles. Wil- 
England, known as Kenson, and that ever Ham Dickinson, born in Hadley, May 18, 
afterward the name de Kenson, now 1675, died June 24, 1742; married Mary 

Marsh. John Dickinson, born in Hadley, 
November 27, 1715, died September 25, 
1753; married Martha Cook; she married 



Dickinson. 

The line of descent is as follows : Wal- 
ter de Caen, later Walter de Kenson, 



taking the name from his manor in (second) David Bagg, and died June 29, 

Yorkshire. Johnne Dykonson, freeholder, 1762. John Dickinson, born in Hadley, 

of Kingston upon Hull, Yorkshire, mar- October 30, 1748, died December 2, 1830; 

ried Margaret Lambert, died 1316. Wil- was a soldier in the Revolutionary War; 

Ham Dykenson, freeholder as above, died married Abigail Alexander, who died De- 

1330. Hugh Dykensonne, freeholder as cember 30, 1832. Elijah Dickinson, born 

above, died 1376. Anthoyne Dicken- October 10, 1783, died March 22, 1848; 

sonne, freeholder as above, married Kath- married Clarine White, 

eryne De La Pole, died 1396. Richard Elijah Walden Dickinson, eldest child 

Dickerson, freeholder as above, married of Elijah and Clarine (White) Dickinson, 

Margaret Cooper, died 1441. Thomas was born in Hadley, Massachusetts, Feb- 

125 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

ruary 29, 1816, died in Springfield, Mas- years later, in 1905, his son, Francke Wal- 
sachusetts, September 9, 1885. His early den Dickinson, served as mayor. Prior 
education was acquired in the common to the Civil War Mr. Dickinson was an 
schools of his native town and later was Abolitionist, was a close friend of John 
supplemented by a course of study at Brown and other workers in the anti- 
Hopkins Academy. For a short period slavery cause, and loyally assisted the 
of time he traveled as a lecturer for a slaves who made their escape by means 
panorama of the Holy Land, after which of the "under ground railway." He was 
he served in the capacity of teacher in selected to serve on the first board of 
schools at Hadley, and in 1840 removed deacons of the North Church, but subse- 
to Springfield, and was appointed princi- quently became a Spiritualist, with which 
pal of the grammar school, which later cause he was connected ever afterward. 
was under the principalship of Charles Mr. Dickinson married, in November, 
Barrows. Subsequently he changed to an 1839, Mary Abbott Crossett, born Febru- 
entirely different line of business, enter- ary 18, 1814, died in Springfield, Novem- 
ing the furniture establishment of Robert ber 17, 1859, daughter of Robert and 
Crossett, where he learned the upholster- Mary (Abbott) Crossett, granddaughter 
ing business, becoming highly proficient, of Samuel and Abigail (Cady) Crossett, 
and remained there a time, after which he great-granddaughter of Robert Crossett, 
engaged in the furniture business on his who served in the Revolutionary War at 
own account, locating in the Union block. Bennington, Vermont, in 1777. Children 
Six years later he disposed of the business, of Mr. and Mrs. Dickinson: i. Mary Ab- 
and in the following year, 1869, entered bott, born August 31, 1840, died in Spring- 
into business relations with Mr. Fisk, field, in August, 1877. 2. Arthur Stuart, 
who was a member of the undertaking born August n, 1844; married, in Aga- 
firm of Pomeroy & Fisk, and so con- warn, April 9, 1872, Anna Robinson 
tinued up to the death of Mr. Pomeroy. Marsh, now deceased, who was born in 
Mr. Dickinson then became a member of Northfield, Massachusetts, July 29, 1853, 
the firm and the name was changed to daughter of Edwin A. and Betsey 
that of Fisk & Dickinson, under which (Presho) Marsh, of Agawam ; four chil- 
style it continued to transact business dren : Lucille Marsh, born June 28, 1873, 
until 1872, when Mr. Fisk retired and the died in Oak Hill, Florida, October 14, 
firm of E. W. Dickinson & Company was 1895 ; Daisy Anna, born October 4, 1874; 
established, and this continued until the Mary Abbott, born February 12, 1880; 
death of E. W. Dickinson in 1885. Fur- Lena Stuart, born July 13, 1884. 3. 
ther facts concerning this business are to Francke Walden, of whom further. 4. 
be found in the sketch of Francke Walden An infant son. 

Dickinson, which follows. Francke Walden Dickinson, second son 
Mr. Dickinson was a man of influence of Elijah Walden and Mary A. (Crossett) 
in the community, active and public- Dickinson, was born in Springfield, Mas- 
spirited, and although never seeking nor sachusetts, April 19, 1849. He obtained 
desiring public office, was chosen by his his education in the public and private 
townsmen as a member of the Common schools of his native city. In March, 
Council from Ward Three, in 1855, his 1872, Francke W. and his elder brother, 
services being of great value. A strange Arthur S., became associated with their 
coincidence is connected with this, as fifty father in his undertaking business, under 

126 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the style of E. W. Dickinson & Com- 
pany, and this connection continued until 
September, 1874, when Arthur S. dis- 
posed of his interest to his father and 
brother, and they continued it until the 
death of the father in 1885, when Francke 
W. became the sole owner, remaining so 
until 1910, when George W. Streeter was 
admitted, and the firm was incorporated 
as The Dickinson-Streeter Company, Mr. 
Dickinson being president and treasurer. 
He is a man of good judgment, inde- 
fatigable energy and thorough knowledge 
of his business. He has also been honored 
by various positions of trust and respon- 
sibility, serving as a member of the com- 
mon council of Springfield during the 
years 1888-89-90, and was president of 
this body in the last-mentioned year ; a 
member of the board of aldermen in 
1903-04; mayor of Springfield in 1905-06; 
State Senator in 1908-09, serving for two 
terms, and during his incumbency of this 
office being chairman of the committee on 
election laws, member of the committee 
on cities, and during the second year was 
chairman of that committee, also served 
on the committee on federal relations, 
committee on rules and committee on in- 
surance. He is a staunch adherent of 
Republican principles, believing that they 
make for the best form of government. 
He is a regular attendant of the Third 
Congregational Church (Unitarian). His 
fraternal affiliation is with Springfield 
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons ; 
Morning Star Chapter, Royal Arch Ma- 
sons ; Springfield Council, Royal and Se- 
lect Masters ; Springfield Commandery, 
Knights Templar ; Massachusetts Consis- 
tory, Sublime Princes of the Royal 
Secret, in which he has received the 
thirty-second degree ; Melha Temple, An- 
cient Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic 
Shrine ; was a charter member of Equity 
Council, Roval Arcanum, and filled all 



the chairs being past grand regent of 
Massachusetts, and also trustee of the 
Supreme Council four years ; Hampden 
Lodge, No. 27, Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows ; and is also a member of 
Agawam Encampment, Patriarchs Mili- 
tant. 

Mr. Dickinson married, in Springfield, 
January 16, 1873, Katie May Allgood, 
born in Cincinnati, Ohio, June 28, 1854, 
daughter of James Allgood, of Cincinnati, 
where he was a professor of music at 
thirty. Children: I. Emma Allgood, born 
December 4, 1873, died February 14, 1884. 
2. Ethel May, born July i<\ 1875 ; mar- 
ried, January I, 1900, Edward William 
Beattie, Jr. ; he resides in New York City, 
and she died in 1910, leaving a son, Ed- 
ward William, the third. 3. Henry Wai- 
den, born September 13, 1876, died Sep- 
tember 6, 1896. 



ALLEN, Samuel Augustus, 

Capitalist, Legislator. 

Alleyne, Allyn, Allan and Allen are old 
family names, existing in England as far 
back as the thirteenth century. The 
earliest known ancestor is Alanus De 
Buchenal, 1272-1307, who held the Lord- 
ship of Buchenal in Staffordshire. The 
Allen or Allyn families were very numer- 
ous in New England, even in the first 
years of the settlement of the colonies. 
They were of English blood for the most 
part. There were three Allen families 
in ancient Windsor, Connecticut, one of 
Scotch ancestry and two of English, both 
spellings, Allen and Allyn, being in use. 
Thomas, Samuel and Matthew Allyn, all 
brothers, came to this country at the same 
time. Their parents seem to have come 
over also, but little is known of them. 
"Ould Mr. Allyn" died at Windsor, Sep- 
tember 12, 1675. "Old Mrs. Allyn" died 
there August 5, 1649. One or both of 



127 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



these records doubtless pertain to the 
parents of the Allyns. The descendants 
of Deacon Thomas and Matthew spelled 
the name Allyn, while those of Samuel, 
herein traced, use the form Allen. They 
were sons of Samuel Allyn, of Branton, 
Devonshire, and of Chelmsford, Essex 
county, England. Samuel Allen, son of 
Samuel Allyn, was baptized in Chelms- 
ford, County Essex, England, in 1586. He 
came to America with the original Brain- 
tree Company in 1632, as did doubtless 
the other brothers, and perhaps the par- 
ents. Prior to 1644 Samuel Allen removed 
to Windsor, Connecticut, where he was 
buried April 28, 1648, aged sixty years. 
He lived for a time in Cambridge, Massa- 
chusetts, and after his removal to Wind- 
sor held many public positions of trust. 
His widow removed to Northampton, 
Massachusetts, where she married (sec- 
ond) William Hurlburt, and died Novem- 
ber 13, 1687. Samuel Allen left a small 
estate consisting of house and home lot 
in East Windsor, meadow and farm land, 
and personal property, including a musket 
and sword, which would indicate military 
service. His third son, John Allen, re- 
moved to Massachusetts probably with 
his widowed mother, was an early settler 
at Deerfield, and was killed by Indians 
at the battle of Bloody Brook, September 
18, 1675. He married, December 8, 1669, 
Mary, daughter of William and Honor 
Hannum. Their second son was Samuel 
Allen, born February 5, 1673. He lived 
in Enfield, Connecticut, where he was 
accepted as an inhabitant in 1697 and 
granted thirteen acres of land, was con- 
stable in 1715, and died in 1735. He mar- 
ried, May 29, 1700, Hannah Burroughs, 
born 1675. m Northampton. Their eldest 
child. Samuel Allen, was born March 16, 
1702, in Enfield, and died in East Wind- 
sor, Connecticut, December 20, 1771. He 
married, January 27, 1728, Elizabeth, 



daughter of Zachariahand Mary(Homan) 
Booth, born August 19, 1705, in Enfield, 
died September 10, 1751. Their second 
son and third child, Abel Allen, was born 
March 4, 1733, in Windsor, and married, 
in January, 1756, Elizabeth Chapin, and 
they were the parents of Abel Allen, born 
November 15, 1756. He married Phebe 
Horton, and lived in Connecticut. Their 
son, Isaac Allen, lived for a time in Bris- 
tol, Connecticut, whence he removed, 
about 1800, to Westfield, Massachusetts, 
in the northern part of which town he 
took up a tract of land. This place 
formerly know as West Farms is now 
known as Wyben. He spent his life as 
a farmer, and was prominent in public 
affairs of Westfield. He married Hannah 
Atkins, who lived to the age of eigthy 
years. 

Alonzo Allen, son of Isaac and Hannah 
(Atkins) Allen, was born March 2, 1809, 
in Westfield, on the paternal homestead, 
where he carried on farming for many 
years. In 1825 he erected the best store 
then in Westfield, and had a very large 
trade with the surrounding country, tak- 
ing all kinds of produce in exchange, and 
was later interested in the grain business 
in Buffalo and New York City. His store 
was a distributing point for the mails of 
a large section. He was many years di- 
rector of the bank formerly known as 
the Westfield Bank. He was an active 
citizen of the town, served as selectman 
and in other positions of trust and respon- 
sibility. With his wife he was an attend- 
ant and supporter of the Baptist church. 
He married Eunice Chapman. She died 
in 1895, at the age of eighty-six years. 
She was descended from Governor Wil- 
liam Bradford, who came over in the 
"Mayflower," and was a granddaughter 
of and Mary (Bradford) Chap- 
man, early settlers in the adjoining town 
of Montgomery, Hampden county, Mas- 



128 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



sachusetts. Her father, Elisha Chapman, of Trade, and is also president of the 



born 17/4, was a merchant and innkeeper 
in Montgomery, Massachusetts, where he 
died in 1848. Children of Alonzo and 
Eunice (Chapman) Allen : Carmilla, mar- 
ried Franklin Gauld Tiffany, of Bland- 
ford, Massachusetts ; Edward A., a grain 
dealer in New York City ; Fannie E. ; 
Samuel Augustus ; Carlos A., died an in- 
fant ; Cordelia E., died at the age of 
eighteen years; Arselia M., died aged 
forty-six years. 



Loyal Protective Insurance Company, of 
Boston, doing health and accident busi- 
ness. He is among the active members 
of the Baptist church, of which he is 
treasurer. Mr. Allen takes a lively in- 
terest in public affairs, has always acted 
politically with the Democratic party, and 
was elected to represent his town in the 
State Legislature in 1896-98. He served 
on the committees on water supply, in 
1896, and insurance, in 1898. For six 



Samuel Augustus Allen was born Feb- years he was water commissioner of the 



ruary 24, 1855, in Westfield, and spent 
his early years upon the paternal farm, 
which he still owns. A portion of the 
estate has been sold, but he still retains 
the original grant made to his great- 
grandfather, on which he lives. He at- 
tended the common schools, Wilbraham 
Academy, and the Connecticut Literary 
Institute. From an early age he was 
accustomed to assist his father in the care 
and management of the home farm and 
general store, to whose ownership he suc- 
ceeded. From 1882 to 1886 he was en- 
gaged in the manufacture of whips at 
Westfield, and in 1888, in association with 
his brother, Edward A., he organized the 
Great River Water Power Company, 
which rented buildings and power for 
manufacturing purposes. In 1891 he was 
made a director of the First National 
Bank of Westfield, and was later elected 
president. In 1901 he and his son, Charles 
T., established an insurance business 
which has grown to very satisfactory di- 
mensions. He covers every line of insur- 
ance, including life, casualty, fire and 
plate glass, and his son, Park W., is now 
associated with him in its conduct, under 
the style of S. A. Allen & Son. He is a 
director and vice-president of the Brien 
Heater Company, engaged in the manu- 
facture of hot air heaters at Westfield. 
He is a member of the Westfield Board 
MASS Vol. iv 9 129 



town, and was assessor in 1882. He is a 
member of the Masonic fraternity, and of 
Woronoco, formerly Westfield, Lodge, 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 

He married, June 14, 1876, Ella L. Tur- 
ner, born January 9, 1854, in Troy, New 
York, daughter of Benjamin F. and 
Nancy E. (Doane) Turner, of Connecti- 
cut. Mr. Turner was a civil engineer, and 
was killed during a filibusting expedition 
while engaged in his profession in Central 
America. His wife was left with two 
small children, and resided there for some 
time after his death. Mr. and Mrs. Allen 
are the parents of six children, of whom 
three are living: i. Charles T., was en- 
gaged in business with his father until 
his death, June n, 1903. 2. Lena E., died 
at the age of twelve years. 3. Roy Win- 
throp, died at the age of two years. 4. 
Virgie E., a graduate of Vassar College ; 
resides with her parents in Westfield. 5. 
Ethel L., graduated at the New England 
Conservatory of Music, in Boston. 6. 
Park W., associated with his father in 
business. 



COOLEY, Arthur Nott, 

Prominent Agriculturist. 

The Cooley family, including Arthur 
N. Cooley, of Pittsfield, who has for 
several years taken an active part in its 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

affairs and is noted as an agriculturist and (V) Captain William Cooley, son of 

floriculturist, is representative of a noted Daniel (3) and Frances (McKintree) 

Massachusetts family. Cooley, was born March 17, 1736, and 

(I) Benjamin Cooley, immigrant an- died April 14, 1825. He settled in Gran- 
cestor of the Mr. Cooley of this sketch, ville, Massachusetts, where he organized 
was resident in Springfield (Long- a military company during the Revolu- 
meadow), Massachusetts, at an early tionary War. His commission as captain 
date. He was a selectman of Springfield was issued April 26, 1776, and is signed 
for a period of thirteen years, serving by Perez Morton, secretary, and assigns 
with Miles Morgan and John Pynchon, him to the Fifth Company, Third Regi- 
and died August 17, 1684. He married ment, Hampshire County Militia, John 

Sarah , who died August 23, 1684. Moseley, colonel. He married, November 

Children : Bertha, married Henry Chapin; 27, 1759, Sarah Mather, born November 

Obadiah, married Rebecca Williams ; Eli- 26, 1734, died December 2, 1822, whose 

akim, married Hannah Tibbals ; Daniel, line of descent follows. Children : Sarah, 

of further mention ; Sarah, married Jona- William, Abigail, Triphena, Dorothy, 

than Morgan ; Benjamin ; Mary, married Timothy Mather, of further mention ; 

Thomas Terry; Joseph. Alexander, James. 

(II) Daniel Cooley, son of Benjamin The Mather coat-of-arms, with its 
and Sarah Cooley, was born May 2, 1651, motto, Virtus vera nobilitas cst is deemed 
and died February 9, 1727. He married an ample presentation of the qualities of 
(first) December 8, 1680, Elizabeth Wol- a family which in England and New 
cott, who died January 31, 1708, daughter England for centuries has held a place 
of Simon Wolcott, of Windsor, and sister of conspicuous prominence in the civil 
of Governor Roger \Volcott ; he married and ecclesiastical history of both coun- 
(second) June 17, 1709, Lydia, widow of tries. We find John Mather, and his son, 
Jonathan Burt. Children: Benjamin; Thomas Mather, were of Lowton, Win- 
Daniel, of further mention ; Simon, mar- wick Parish, Lancashire, England. 

ried (first) Elizabeth, daughter of Deacon Rev. Richard Mather, son of Thomas 

Samuel Gunn, (second) Jerusha, widow Mather, was born in Lowton, England, 

of Daniel Russell ; John; Thomas; Eliza- in 1596, and died in Dorchester, Massa- 

beth, married Joshua Field ; William. chusetts, April 22, 1669. Commencing 

(III) Daniel (2) Cooley, son of Daniel with his fifteenth year he was a teacher 

(1) and Elizabeth (Wolcott) Cooley, was in a public school at Toxteth Park, near 
born March 23, 1683. His first settlement Liverpool, then pursued his theological 
was in Enfield where we find the births studies at Oxford, and was ordained to 
of his five eldest children, and he then the ministry in 1618. Owing to his non- 
removed to West Springfield. He married conformity to some of the existing doc- 
Jemima Clark, who died October 29,1732, trines of the then established church, he 
Children : Daniel, of further mention ; was persecuted, and for this reason deter- 
Jemima, Elizabeth, Ann, Noah, Mary, mined to seek religious liberty in the New 
Thomas, Sarah, Azuma. World. He was obliged to embark in 

(IV) Daniel (3) Cooley, son of Daniel disguise, and sailed in the "James," arriv- 

(2) and Jemima (Clark) Cooley, was born ing at Boston in August, 1635. In the 
September n, 1711. He married Frances same year he joined the church in Boston 
McKintree, and had William, and perhaps with his wife, Catherine. August 23, 1636, 
other children. he was settled in Dorchester, where he 

130 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OE BIOGRAPHY 



died in 1669. Two of his famous de- 
scendants were Increase Mather, his 
son, and Cotton Mather, his grand- 
son. He married (first) Catherine, daugh- 
tre of Edmund Holt, of Bury; (sec- 
ond) Sarah Story, widow of Rev. John 
Cotton, and daughter of Richard Hank- 
ridge, of Boston, England. Children, all 
by the first marriage : Rev. Samuel, Timo- 
thy, of further mention ; Rev. Nathaniel, 
Joseph, Rev. Eleazer, and Rev. Dr. In- 
crease. 

Timothy Mather, son of Rev. Richard 
and Catherine (Holt) Mather, was born 
in Liverpool, England, in 1628, and died 
in Dorchester, Massachusetts, January 14, 
1684. He was a farmer, and his death was 
the result of a fall while at work in his 
barn. He married (first) Mary Catherine, 
daughter of Major-General Humphrey 
Atherton ; (second) Elizabeth, daughter 
of Amiel Weeks. Children, all born in 
Dorchester of the first marriage : Rev. 
Samuel, of further mention ; Richard, 
Catherine, Nathaniel, Joseph, Atherton. 

Rev. Samuel Mather, son of Timothy 
and Mary Catherine (Atherton) Mather, 
was born in Dorchester, Massachusetts, 
July 5, 1650, and died March 18, 1727-28. 
He was graduated from Harvard College 
in 1671, ordained to the ministry, and 
preached at Deerfield, Massachusetts, 
until that town was destroyed by the 
Indians in 1675. He was then in succes- 
sion at Hatfield, Massachusetts; Milford 
and Branford, Connecticut ; and Wind- 
sor, Connecticut, where his death oc- 
curred. He was an author of note, among 
his writings being: "A Dead Faith Anat- 
omized," printed in Boston in 1697, and 
"The Self Justiceary Convicted and Con- 
demned," published in 1706. He married 
Hannah, a daughter of Governor Robert 
Treat. Children : Dr. Samuel, of further 
mention ; Hannah, Rev. Azariah, Eben- 
ezer, Joseph, Elizabeth, Rev. Nathaniel, 
Benjamin, John. 



Dr. Samuel (2) Mather, son of Rev. 
Samuel (i) and Hannah (Treat) Mather, 
was born in 1677, an d died February 6, 
1746. He was graduated from Harvard 
College in 1698, and received a license to 
practice medicine and surgery from the 
General Assembly in 1702. He studied 
medicine with Dr. Thomas Hooker, of 
Hartford, Connecticut, and became a phy- 
sician of distinguished ability. He mar- 
ried (first) Abigail, daughter of Samuel 
Grant, and granddaughter of Matthew 
Grant; he married (second) Hannah 
Buckland, daughter of Nicholas Buck- 
land. Children, eight by the first, and 
four by the second marriage : Eliakim, 
Dr. Samuel, Timothy, of further mention; 
Abigail, Nathaniel, Joseph, Charles, Abi- 
gail, Hannah, Lucy, Elizabeth, Eliakim. 

Timothy Mather, son of Dr. Samuel (2) 
and Abigail (Grant) Mather, was born in 
Windsor, April 23, 1710, died April 6, 
1752. He spent his entire life in the town 
of his birth. He married Sarah Marshall. 
Children : Sarah, who married Captain 
William Cooley, as mentioned previously; 
Dorothy, Cotton. 

(VI) Rev. Timothy Mather Cooley, D. 
D., son of Captain William and Sarah 
(Mather) Cooley, was born in Granville, 
Massachusetts, March 13, 1772, and died 
December 14, 1859. A severe illness dur- 
ing his earlier years rendered him unfit 
for farm labors and he followed his natu- 
ral inclination for study. He matriculated 
at Yale College, having been prepared for 
entrance by a private tutor, and was 
graduated in 1792. Two years were spent 
in teaching schools in New Haven and 
Litchfield, Connecticut, and he then com- 
menced his theological studies with the 
Rev. Charles Backus, and was licensed to 
preach by the Association of New Haven 
County in 1795. His first pastorate was 
in East Granville, Massachusetts, where 
he was ordained, February 7, 1798, and 
this was the only charge he ever held, a 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

period of fifty-eight years. At the same Only the eldest and youngest children are 
time he received this call, he received one now living. Mrs. Cooley was a daughter 
from Salisbury, Connecticut. He also of Timothy Cooley and Susan (Chester) 
conducted a preparatory school, and there Tillotson, who were married February 22, 
he prepared eight hundred boys for col- 1827; granddaughter of Abel and Sarah 
lege, and he was the first vice-president of (Cooley) Tillotson ; great-granddaughter 
Williams College. He married, May 14, of Captain William Cooley, of the fifth 
1796, Content Chapman, born in Gran- generation, mentioned above ; a descend- 
ville, April 29, 1776, daughter of Isaac ant of John Tillotson, of Yorkshire, who 
and Ruth (Robinson) Chapman, the arrived at Boston from Southampton in 
former a member of the company of Gran- the ship "James," in 1635, located first at 
ville Volunteers commanded by Captain Rowley, Massachusetts, later in New- 
William Cooley, mentioned above, and bury, Massachusetts, and then in Say- 
died of camp fever at Ticonderoga in brook, Connecticut; Mrs. Cooley is also 
1776. Children : Timothy Chapman, Isaac a niece of Rev. Eliphalet Nott, D. D., the 
Augustus, William Bates, Eliza Content, .first president of Union College, Schenec- 
Phineas Robinson, Harriet, Susannah tady, New York. 

Robinson, Samuel Mather, of further (VIII) Arthur Nott Cooley, son of 
mention; Jane Ruth, Mary Ann Bates. Samuel Mather and Elmira Louisa (Til- 
(VII) Samuel Mather Cooley, son of lotson) Cooley, was born in Granville, 
Rev. Timothy Mather and Content (Chap- Massachusetts, February 17, 1858. For a 
man) Cooley, was born in Granville, Mas- time he attended the public schools in 
sachusetts, September 12, 1813, and died Pittsfield, and from them went to Mills 
in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, July 14, 1887. School in South Williamstown, where he 
His education was a sound and practical was prepared for entrance to college. He 
one, and he gradually prepared himself was a student at Williams College in 1874, 
for business operations of importance, then matriculated at Yale College, from 
For some time he was successfully en- which he was graduated in the class of 
gaged in the mercantile business in West- 1878, among his class mates was William 
ern New York, then continued in the H. Taft, later president of the United 
same line in New Orleans, Louisiana, for States. Upon the completion of his edu- 
a number of years. He was next associ- cation he engaged in the carriage business 
ated for a time with Spellman Brothers, at Pittsfield, conducting this for a period 
of Albany, New York, and then estab- of eight years. He then for a time 
lished himself in the grocery business in traveled extensively, meanwhile making 
Pittsfield, Massachusetts, and carried this his home in the South. Upon his return 
on for some time. His political affiliation to the North, he purchased about three 
was with the Republican party ; he and hundred acres of land, and in the manage- 
his wife were members of the First Con- ment of this property and the control of 
gregational Church ; and his fraternal his financial interests he busily occupies 
connection was with the Masonic order. his time. His is the only farm in Pitts- 
Mr. Cooley married, December 2, 1850, field from which certified milk can be 
Elmira Louisa Tillotson, born April 21, obtained, and his herd of high grade cows 
1831, who died June 13, 1912. Children: is the finest in the section. Floriculture 
Hattie, married John M. Stevenson ; also engages a large share of his atten- 
Phineas Chapman ; Clara Louisa ; Arthur tion, and his collection of orchids is one 
Nott, whose name heads this sketch, of the most complete and beautiful in the 

132 



Si 

& 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



United States. He has taken many first and among his children was Lemuel, of 
and other prizes at various horticultural whom further. 



exhibitions, and his greenhouses are 
models of their kind ; they are arranged 
to have eighteen different temperatures. 
He is a director of the First National 
Bank. Mr. Cooley takes a deep interest 
in all matters which tend to the welfare 
of the community. He is president of the 
Associated Charities ; president of the 
Berkshire Branch of the Red Cross Asso- 
ciation ; trustee of the Berkshire County 
Athenaeum, for which he furnished the 
children's room, and gave a finely 
mounted collection of native birds ; a 
director of the Boys' Club ; and also of 
the Crane Museum. He is a member of 
Crescent Lodge, Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons, and of the Country Club, of which 
he has been president. His religious affili- 
ation is with the First Congregational 
Church. He is unmarried. 



GRANT, Frank, 

Active in Community Affairs. 

The name of Grant is one which has 
been connected with honorable history for 
many generations, and with important 
events in the life of the country, and 
Frank Grant, of Westfield, Massachu- 
setts, is no exception to this rule. Al- 
though having been closely identified 
with business enterprises of importance, 
he nevertheless has given time to the 
public welfare of the community in which 
he lives, and is a leading spirit in every 
project which has for its object the de- 
velopment or improvement of the town or 
its inhabitants. 

Russell Grant (a descendant in the 
sixth generation from Matthew Grant, of 
Windsor, Connecticut, 1601-1681) was 
born in South Windsor (then East Wind- 



Lemuel Grant, sixth son of Russell 
Grant, married Everline Loomis and had 
children: Two boys who died in infancy; 
Frank, of whom further ; Martha and 
Mary, both living in Westfield. 

Frank Grant, son of Lemuel and Ever- 
line (Loomis) Grant, was born in West- 
field, Massachusetts, December 21, 1850. 
He acquired a substantial education in 
the common and high schools of his na- 
tive town, leaving the latter institution at 
the age of sixteen years, and then entered 
the employ of the First National Bank of 
Westfield, in which he advanced to the 
position of teller. With increasing years 
his business interests expanded, and he 
became connected with various lines of 
industry and manufacture. Westfield is 
the center for whip manufacturing, and, 
like many of his fellow townsmen, Mr. 
Grant also became connected with it. In 
1873 he became a member of the firm of 
George S. Peck & Company, acting as 
their traveling representative, selling their 
goods through the North West, and he 
continued thus until 1877 when he sold 
out his interest. For two years, 1876-78, 
he was treasurer of the Vitrified Wheel 
and Emery Company, of Ashland, and 
later Westfield, Massachusetts. In 1878 
he began the manufacture of corundum 
wheels in Manchester, New Hampshire, 
on his own account, being the first to 
manufacture wheels exclusively of corun- 
dum. In 1880 he moved this business to 
Chester, Massachusetts, where he con- 
tinued for two years, under the name of 
Frank Grant & Company. Later the busi- 
ness was incorporated under the title of 
Grant Corundum Wheel Company, he re- 
maining with the company until 1884 
when he disposed of his interest. He 
then again entered the whip business in 



sor), December 29, 1754, and died March 

8, 1844. He married Rebecca Johnson Westfield under the firm name of Chap- 

133 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



man & Grant, this firm later uniting with 
the Atwater Manufacturing Company to 

form the Bay State Whip Company, of 

J j O i 

which he became treasurer and general 

manager. Tins was later merged wr * 
others to form the United States Whip 
Company, of which he was a director unti 
1898. During this time (on March 24, 
1891) Mr. Grant patented what is known 
as "Grant's Vulcanite Whip" (usually a 
rawhide, viz., a whip with a rawhide 
center), with an India rubber inner cover 
vulcanized on the whip thus producing 
an absolutely water-proof whip, a quality 
of the utmost importance in a whip, 
especially one with a rawhide center. is 
whip immediately became, as it is yet, the 
standard of excellence with users of 
whips throughout the United States. 
patents for it were later sold to the United 
States Whip Company which controls its 
exclusive manufacture and sale. 

Mr. Grant is president of the Westfield 
Board of Trade ; secretary and treasurer 
of the Grant Family Association ; a vice- 
president of the New England Free Trade 
League ; trustee and director of the West- 
field Atheneum (public library), a mem- 
ber of its library committee and for fifteen 
years its treasurer. He gives his political 
allegiance to the Democratic party, and 
is an ardent advocate of single tax and 
free trade. His social membership is with 
the Westfield Club and the Get-Together 
Club. He has been a member of the First 
Congregational Church for many years, 
holding the office of deacon for ten years, 
and at the present time (1915) is a mem- 
ber of its prudential committee. 

Mr. Grant married, May 25, 1875, Ellen 
Frances Peebles, born in Worcester, Mas- 
sachusetts, October 22, 1847, daughter of 
Lyman Peebles, born in Whitmgham, 
Vermont, December 1, 1816, died in West- 
field, Massachusetts, January 12, 1882, 
and Ursula (Sackett) Peebles, born in 



Westfield, Massachusetts, July 3, 1825, 
died in Redlands, California, March 19, 
1895- .Lyman Peebles was a gram mer- 

chant in Springfield, Massachusetts. Mrs. 
drt g , ^ ^ ^ 

on ^ ^ Q{ ^ ^^ Baptigt 

church in Westfieldf Massachuset ts. She 
. g ^ & member of the First Congrega- 

donal Church) a charte r member of the 
Shurtleff Mission for Destitute Children, 
^ & ^^ member of the Tuesday 
Afternoon Qub) one of the o i dest and 

prominent of the H te rary clubs of 
TWQ gons wefe bom tQ Mn 

Grant . Robert L yman, o f whom 

{urther; Raymond Windsor, born Sep- 
^^ ^ i884> died &t the ag o{ eight 

months 

Robert Lyman Grant, son of Frank 
Qrant wag bom January 2> lS?9 . After 

gfaduating from the Westfield High 
^^ he entered A mherst College, from 
which institution he was graduated with 
honors in the dass of I9OO . He then ac- 
cepted a c i er k s hi p in the Hampden Na- 
tional Bank ^ in W estfield, and later a 
position in the discount department of the 
Firgt National Bank of Minneapolis, Min- 
nesota He next wen t to Walla-Walla, 
Was hi n gton, as assistant cashier of the 
Baker _B O yer National Bank, the oldest in 
Statg of Washington. In order to 
extended tr j p around the world, 

Grant res igned this position in Octo- 
and upon his return to t hi s 

country formed a connection with the firm 
Qf charles p ratt & Company, of 26 Broad- 
^^ New York City Mr Grant j s un _ 

ma ;j. ied; and res ides in Montclair, New 

Jersey. 

_ - 

ST ACKPOLE George Heard, 



If as eugenic authorities assert the corn- 
mingled blood of England, Ireland an 
Scotland forms the most vml 



134 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



natal influences, then is Mr. Stackpole people he has been privileged to assist 

most happily born, for in him flows the in many ways. After leaving school he 

blood of English, Irish and Scotch ances- followed the example of many other 

tors. But whatever the contributing in- young men of the city and engaged in 

fiuences to his strong and agreeable per- that business that has made Lynn famous, 

sonality, stress must be laid upon the fact the manufacture of shoes. He continued 

that from a boy of sixteen years he has an employee of the shoe manufacturers 



until 1874, then under the advice and en- 
couragement of friends, engaged in busi- 
ness as an independent ice dealer. This 
venture proved a success, and from that 
time until the present the harvesting and 
marketing of ice has been the line of busi- 
ness activity to which he has devoted his 
energies and unusual managerial ability. 
He is president of the Lynn Ice Company 
capitalized at $100,000, and is also the ex- 
ecutive head of the North Side Ice Com- 



been the architect of his own fortunes and 
has won his way upward not through 
fortuitous circumstance or favor, but 
through sheer personal ability and 
strength of character. Now at an age 
and in circumstances justifying retirement 
he is still "in the harness," the directing 
head of a large business, full of energy 
and strong purpose to keep in the front 
rank with Lynn's progressive merchants 
and business men. 

George Heard Stackpole is the son of pany, capital of $225,000, both companies 
Timothy and Elizabeth (Heard) Stack- being prosperous business enterprises. A 
pole, and grandson of John Stackpole, of comparison of the methods of harvesting 
Somersworth, New Hampshire, where the and marketing ice when Mr. Stackpole 
American ancestor settled in 1632, found- began business with the methods now in 
ing one of the strongest of American use by the companies he directs is most 
families. Elizabeth Heard was a daugh- interesting. The oldest way was to cut 
ter of Rev. George Heard, a minister of the ice by hand, the horse-drawn plow 
the Baptist church, who was pastor of followed, giving way to the steam-driven 
the church at Emery Mills, York county, plow and carriers which in turn have 

been succeeded by electrically propelled 
machines that cut, block and trim the 
cakes ready for delivery. Mr. Stackpole 
eagerly adopted each improvement as 
soon as its superiority was proved, and 
the famous Lynn Bar that does the work 
of twenty men on the ice harvesting field 
is the invention of one of his employees, 
George Stevens. In former days three 
tons of ice handled by one man and a 



Maine, for forty years, although more 
important churches were offered him in 
Boston and elsewhere. But his heart was 
with the people who loved and trusted 
him and he remained their pastor until 
the end of his ministerial career. 

George H. Stackpole was born in Dover, 
New Hampshire, September 7, 1843. He 
obtained his early education in the public 



schools of Dover, where he resided until 
his sixteenth year, then completed his team of horses was a most satisfactory 
studies in the schools of Lynn, Massachu- day's work. Recently one of his men de- 
setts, to which city he removed in 1859 livered in Lynn with an auto truck, fifty- 
and that has since been his home and the two tons in one day. All other depart- 
seat of his business activity. Lynn was ments of the business have been brought 
then a city of 18,000 inhabitants, and it under equally perfected modern systems 
is a matter of self congratulation to him and over all Mr. Stackpole is the direct- 
that in its growth to a city of 100,000 ing head and presiding genius. He has 

135 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ever been a man of decision and action, 
possessing those strong traits of char- 
acter that mark the New England busi- 
ness man as one of the finest products of 
the business world. He has ordered his 
life according to the strictest principles of 
fair dealing and uprightness, realizing to 
the fullest extent that character is a busi- 
ness man's best asset. 

Mr. Stackpole is not only the business 
"veteran" but proudly wears the emblem 
that testifies he is a Civil War "veteran." 
He enlisted August 6, 1864, in Com- 
pany B, Fourth Regiment Massachusetts 
Heavy Artillery, serving until honorably 
discharged, June 17, 1865. He values the 
friendship of his former comrades-in-arms 
and is actively associated with them in 
membership in the Grand Army of the 
Republic and in the Anchor Club, the 
latter an organization whose membership 
is limited to Grand Army men. 

In politics Mr. Stackpole is a Republi- 
can and has devoted considerable time to 
the public service of his city and State. 
He was a member of Lynn common 
council for two years, serving as chair- 
man of the license committee, and for one 
year was a member of the Board of Alder- 
men. His year of service as alderman 
was one of constant official duty, the 
board being called in regular and special 
session three hundred and fourteen times. 
In 1900 and 1901 he represented his dis- 
trict in the State Legislature, there ad- 
vocating the early death of all bills, save 
those of acknowledged importance. While 
that position was not a popular one with 
the legislators it would, if adhered to, 
expedite public business and reduce legis- 
lative costs. 

Mr. Stackpole is held in high esteem by 
a large circle of friends, both business and 
social, and has ever proved himself 
worthy of the confidence reposed in him. 
He has met every obligation of life 
squarely, and his religious creed is 



contained in one sentence "I will do 
right." His cardinal principles are the 
sacredness of an obligation and the per- 
formance of each duty promptly and well. 
He is emphatically a "home man" and in 
his family circle finds his greatest satis- 
faction and joy. For forty-two years he 
has been a member of Bay State Lodge, 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and 
in all that time has never been reported 
. "sick" or drawn lodge benefits. He is 
also a member of the auxiliary order, The 
Daughters of Rebekah. 

Mr. Stackpole married, December 7, 
1865, Mary A. Harwood, their wedding 
day also a day named by the President 
of the United States as a day of special 
thanksgiving that war no longer raged 
between the two sections of our fair land. 
Four children have brightened their 
home : George S., who died at the age of 
twenty-eight years ; Charles Vassar, now 
a prosperous merchant of Lynn ; Mabel 
E., married Prescott Newhall, of Lynn ; 
Annie Louise, died aged eighteen months. 
The family are active supporters of the 
Baptist church. 



CLOGHER, Ambrose, 

Lawyer, National Guard Officer. 

Although the greater part of his life 
was spent in Berkshire county, Massa- 
chusetts, Ambrose Clogher was a native 
of New York State, born February 20, 
1872, in Utica, son of Peter A. and Lizzie. 
M. (Clarke) Clogher. His grandfather, 
Peter Clogher, was born in June, 1813, 
in Ireland, and was educated for a civil 
engineer. As a young man he went to 
Canada, whence he went to Utica, New 
York, and there engaged in the manu- 
facture of woolens until his death in 1878. 
His wife, Rebecca (McGibbon) Clogher, 
died in 1851, aged about thirty-five years. 
To them were born seven children as fol- 
lows : Roger A. ; Isabella, who died at 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the age of thirteen; William E., who died ing which he began the study of law. In 



at the age of thirty-two; Peter Alexander, 
of further mention ; Mary, who died un- 
married about sixty-seven years of age ; 
Katherine ; and Theodore, who died when 
about two years old. 



1896 he entered the law office of Walter 
F. Hawkins, of Pittsfield, where he com- 
pleted his law studies, and was admitted 
to the bar in January, 1901. For the suc- 
ceeding five years he was associated in 

Peter Alexander Clogher, the third son practice with his preceptor and since the 
of Peter and Rebecca (McGibbon) Clog- close of that period has continued inde- 
her, was born January 19, 1845, m Utica, pendent practice with offices in the Agri- 
New York, and resides now in Hinsdale, cultural National Bank Building at Pitts- 
Berkshire county, Massachusetts, where field. Mr. Clogher has devoted his atten- 
tion particularly to corporate law, and in 
1908 he promoted and organized a corpo- 
ration known as the Enfield Power Com- 
pany, the object of which was to effect 



he has been manager of the Hinsdale 
Woolen Mills since 18/7, a period of 
thirty-eight years. He has served the 
town for two terms as selectman, but be- 
yond this he has repeatedly declined to the restoration of navigation on the Con- 
accept nomination for office on account of necticut river between Hartford and Hoi- 
yoke, in connection with the establish- 
ment of a large hydraulic power plant. 
For fifty years or more the citizens of 
Springfield and the Connecticut Valley 
in Massachusetts had been urging the 
United States government to make the 
daughter of William and Rosanna (Me- improvements necessary in the Connecti- 
Quaid) Clarke, in Utica, New York, and cut river to restore navigation above 

Hartford. Certain interests in Connecti- 
cut always opposed this proposition and 



the demands of his business. During the 
Civil War he served for three years as a 
member of Company E, Fifteenth Indiana 
United States Volunteers, but never be- 
came affiliated with any veteran associa- 
tions. He married Lizzie M. Clarke, 



they are the parents of five children : Am- 
brose, of further mention ; William E., 
now residing in Mankato, Minnesota, 
where he is the manager of the Mankato 
Spinning & Knitting Mills Company ; Re- 



succeeded in securing the arraignment of 
the State of Connecticut and its repre- 
sentatives in Congress against Massachu- 
becca, the wife of David J. Maloney, an setts and its representatives so that, ex- 
attorney at law, living in Chelsea, Massa- cept for numerous surveys of the river 
chusetts, and practicing in Boston ; Alex- made by the United States engineers, 
ander Clarke, who is a hydraulic engineer nothing had been accomplished toward 
in New York City ; and Ralph, a physi- the restoration of navigation. The con- 
cian, residing and practicing in Utica, troversy between these interests had cul- 
New York. minated in another adverse report by the 

Ambrose Clogher was five years of age United States engineers when Mr. Clog- 
when his parents moved to Hinsdale. He her appeared in Springfield and interested 

some twenty or twenty-five prominent 
bankers and business men in his brother's 
proposition, who financed and organized 



the Enfield Power Company which, 



received his academic training in the 
schools of that town where he continued 
to reside until 1911, when he removed his 
residence to Pittsfield. In 1894 he gradu- 
ated from Manhattan College, New York through the further efforts of Mr. Clogher, 
City, after which he was employed as as- finally succeeded in breaking the Connec- 
sistant by his father for some time, dur- ticut opposition and securing the co- 

137 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

operation of a large and influential syndi- Clogher found time to write upon many 
cate of men from Connecticut, thereby subjects and was frequently called upon 
concentrating the efforts of the Massa- as a speaker upon occasions of public in- 
chusetts navigationists and the Connecti- terest. He also wrote several short stories 
cut Power people against the opposition concerning military life in the National 
of the landed proprietors who held out Guard, among the best of which were 
against navigation. So after fifty years of "Moxie's Bridge," "The Drafting of Bud 
controversy, Mr. Clogher may be said to Evans" and "Lieutenant Harmon's 
have effected the cooperation of the forces Duty," all of which were published from 
necessary to accomplish the much desired time to time in various military maga- 
result and the future of the corporation zines. In March, 1905, Mr. Clogher en- 
he organized seems to assure the restora- listed as a private in Company F, Second 
tion of navigation, and the creation of Infantry, Massachusetts National Guard, 
much needed power throughout the dis- and because of his previous military ex- 
trict. During the period from 1908 to perience, gained while at college, he was 
1915, while he was working on the Con- rapidly advanced through the several 
necticut river problem, he associated with grades and elected second lieutenant in 
many of the most prominent men in both June of that same year. In the following 
Connecticut and Massachusetts and was March he was elected first lieutenant, 
frequently heard before various com- which position he held until May, 1912, 
mittees of Congress in Washington de- when, on the retirement of Captain John 
bating the problems of conservation into Nicholson, he was elected captain, his 
which his navigation schemes were inti- present rank. While he was serving as 
mately woven, where his accurate and ex- lieutenant he took great interest in all the 
tensive knowledge of both Federal and affairs of his company, and his influence, 
State corporate law attracted much favor- skill and ability in the military line were 
able attention. felt not only in his own organization, but 

With a constantly growing practice he were recognized throughout his regiment 

is appreciated and esteemed by the pro- and the State. Captain Clogher is an 

fession and respected and trusted by the ardent advocate of the Massachusetts 

public. With the advance of time, Mr. Service School for Officers and the Train- 

Clogher has grown in grasp upon public ing School for Enlisted Men, and was the 

attention and has proven to be an active only officer who received a certificate of 

factor in political affairs in his town and high credit in the first class graduated 

county. By his energetic efforts Demo- from the Massachusetts Service School, 

cratic sentiment in Hinsdale was united In recognition of his ability, Colonel Wil- 

and organized until the town was safely liam C. Hayes, commanding the Second 

counted in the Democratic column. For Infantry, selected Captain Clogher as the 

six years, Mr. Clogher served as chairman representative from his regiment ; he was 

of the school board of Hinsdale and per- recommended for appointment by Gov- 

formed efficient and progressive service in ernor Walsh as a member of his military 

that capacity. He served on many poli- staff, and in December, 1913, Governor 

tical committees and was an ardent party David I. Walsh appointed him as one of 

worker but never held office except as his detailed aides-de-camp, which posi- 

above mentioned. tion he held during the Governor's term 

In spite of his many activities, Mr. of office. Mr. Clogher is a past grand 

138 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

knight of the Knights of Columbus, a mary education in the schools of North 
member of the Park Club, Improved Adams and Williamstown, and after due 
Order of Red Men, and Sons of Veterans, preparation he entered Holy Cross Col- 
and is a member of St. Joseph's Roman lege, at Worcester, Massachusetts. Sub- 
Catholic Church. On August 28, 1912, he sequently he was a student at George- 
married Madge Carney, of Adams, a town University, where he graduated in 
daughter of John J. and Margaret H. Car- medicine in 1912. Before graduating, he 
ney. spent one year in the Children's Hospital 

at Washington, D. C., for training, and 

LALLY, William J., after graduation he spent a year in the 

. . Casualty Hospital of the same city. In 

the autumn of 1913 he located at Pitts- 

Among the younger physicians of Pitts- field for the practice of his profession, and 

field who have gained excellent stand- has established a good general practice. 

ing in the profession and as citizens is Dr. Lally is possessed of a pleasing per- 

the subject of this notice. Dr. Lally occu- sonality, is thoroughly grounded in the 

pies a good station in the social life of the principles of medicine and surgery, and 

community, and is exerting an influence w j ns friends in every circle where he 

in the promotion of moral welfare, as well mO ves. He is a member of the Phi Chi, 

as in safeguarding the health of the peo- a medical college fraternity, of the Massa- 

ple. He was born July 27, 1888, in North chusetts Medical Society, and also of the 

Adams, Berkshire county, Massachusetts, orders of Knights of Columbus, Moose 

and is therefore not unknown to many an( j Owls. While he does not take an 

people of the section. His grandfather, active part in political movements, he 

Patrick Lally, was a native of Ireland f ee i s the interest of every good citizen in 

who came to America when a young man the progress of his native land and of the 

and settled in Williamstown, where he WO rld, and is an independent Democrat 

followed agriculture, and also engaged in j n principle. His friends include many of 

contracting with success. His son, W 7 il- the leading citizens of the county, and 

Ham H. Lally, was born in 1858, in Wil- they are never disappointed in him. 

liamstown, and was a dealer in coal and a 

general contractor at North Adams, Mas- ,. TT T _ ._,_ ,-> , ., 

MILLER, Kelton Bedell, 

sacnusetts, until his death in 1900. He 

married Mary Nolan, a native of Water- Editor, Publisher. 
ville, New York, daughter of James and Kelton B. Miller, proprietor and pub- 
Bridget Nolan, of Irish extraction. They lisher of the "Pittsfield Eagle," is a native 
were the parents of seven children, of of the Empire State, born September 8, 
whom Dr. William J. Lally is the eldest. 1860, in New Baltimore, Greene county, 
The others are: John Joseph, who gradu- son of Henry S. and Antoinette (Bedell) 
ated at Georgetown Dental College and is Miller. He is a descendant of one of the 
now engaged in the practice of dentistry old Dutch families which settled in New 
in Pittsfield ; Anna Mary, a graduate of York in the vicinity of Albany, and of an 
the New York School of Applied Art and English Quaker family which settled at 
Design ; Mary, a graduate of New Ro- Hempstead, Long Island, in the seven- 
chelle College, in preparation for teach- teenth century. At the age of eight years 
ing; Clare; Gertrude; Charles. Mr. Miller located in Pittsfield, where 
Dr. William J. Lally secured his pri- most of his life has been passed and 

139 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

where he has achieved success in the end of which time the Lenox date line 

newspaper field and established a place in was dropped and the issue has since con- 

the hearts of his fellows. tinued at Pittsfield, beginning in January, 

He was educated in the public schools 1844. Some five years later its name be- 

of Pittsfield, graduating from the high came the "Berkshire County Eagle," 

school in 1876. In the following year he under wh ; ch " ame the week ^ edlt ' on \ as 

, , , j r continued to the present and now has the 

was apprenticed to learn the trade ot .... , . 

largest circulation of any weekly paper 

brickmaker, but, having a bent for busi- bHshed {n the county> Qn May ^ ^ 

ness, he qualified himself for an account- ^ ^ number Q the < Berkshire Even . 
ant and occupied a position m that line ing Eagle> , wag isguedj &nd thig edition 
for some time. For some years he was became at once popular and is now the 
engaged in mercantile business, embark- most w id e ly circulated journal of its class 
ing in various ventures prior to 1891. In j n tne CO unty. In 1891 a corporation was 
that year the city government of Pitts- formed under the laws of Massachusetts, 
field was established, and Mr. Miller was known as the Eagle Publishing Company, 
elected city clerk. For three and one- for the purpose of conducting these edi- 
half years he filled the office with satis- tions, and the entire capital stock of the 
faction to the citizens and officers, in the concern is now held by Kelton B. Miller, 
meantime becoming interested in the who controls its policy and management. 
"Berkshire County Eagle," the leading In the early part of the past century it 
journal of the county. He resigned the was among the most firm supporters of 
office of city clerk in order to devote his the Whig party in public matters, and it 
entire time to the development and prog- was one of the pioneer advocates of Re- 
ress of the newspaper by issuing a daily publican principles, to which it still gives 
edition. "The Eagle" is one of the oldest steadfast allegiance. Its present pro- 
papers now published in the Union, hav- prietor has always been ardent and con- 
ing been founded under the name of the sistent in this allegiance, as were his 
"Stockbridge Star," in 1789, at Stock- father and grandfather, both of whom 
bridge, Massachusetts. There it was con- voted twice for Abraham Lincoln. The 
tinued thirty-nine years and was then re- grandfather, a strong Abolitionist, voted 
moved to Lenox, taking an additional for John C. Fremont in 1856. Kelton B. 
name and known as the "Star and County Miller's successful management of all the 
Republican." In 1829 it passed to the departments of the "Eagle" is a natural 
ownership of John L. Goodrich, who consequence of his natural business apti- 
changed its name to the "Berkshire Jour- tude, as evidenced in other lines of en- 
nal." Two years later it was consolidated deavor. He is a director of the Berkshire 
with a journal published in Pittsfield, Loan &Trust Company, trustee of the City 
under the name "Argus," and the plant of Savings Bank of Pittsfield, a member of 
the latter was moved to Lenox, where the the Board of Trade, and served two terms 
paper was issued under the name of as mayor of the city, in 1911 and 1912. 
"Argus and Journal." The name was He is a member of the Sons of the Ameri- 
again changed August 28, 1834, when it can Revolution, tracing descent from nine 
became the "Massachusetts Eagle." In ancestors who fought in the Continental 
1842 a simultaneous issue at Lenox and army. He married, in 1893, Eva H. Hal- 
Pittsfield was announced, and this ar- lenbeck, of Coxsackie, New York, and 
rangement continued two years, at the they are the parents of five children. 

140 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



DWINNELL, Clifton H., 

Banker, Veteran of Civil War. 

Tradition differs as to the origin of this 
family, some saying it was Scotch, and 
others French Huguenot. One branch of 
the family has supposed that the Dwinells 
came from France, where a Count Dwinell 
was settled near La Rochelle. The spell- 
ing of the surname has always varied. 
Even at the present day we find his de- 
scendants called Dwinell, Dwinnell and 
Dwinel. The surname as written in the 
town records of Topsfield, where the pio- 
neer settled, has the following variations: 
Dewnell, Duenell, Doenell, Donell, Dun- 
ell, Dwinnill. But the best authority is 
that of Rev. Joseph Capen, of Topsfield. 
who spelled the name Dwinell on his 
records from 1684 to 1725. The name 
Michael was also spelled in divers ways. 

(I) Michael Dwinell was born about 
1640, and appears in Topsfield, Massachu- 
setts, where he died about 1717, his will 
being proved in March of that year. He 
was possessed of considerable property, 
owning land in Wenham and Middle- 
town. Very little can be discovered in 
the records concerning him. His wife's 
name was Mary, and they had children : 
Mary, born 1668, married John Hovey ; 
Michael, mentioned below ; Thomas, born 
November, 1672, married Dinah Brims- 
dell ; John, 1674, married Mary Read ; 
Elizabeth, April, 1677, died October 29, 
1759, unmarried ; Magdalen, 1679, mar- 
ried James Holgate, March, 1703, at 
Salem, Massachusetts ; Joseph, January, 
1682, married Prudence ; Susan- 
nah, 1685, married - - Killum, before 
1710; Johanna, 1688, married Nathaniel 
Hood, of Lynn, October 16, 1706. 

(II) Dr. Michael (2) Dwinell, eldest 
son of Michael (i) and Mary Dwinell, 
was born December 5, 1670, in Topsfield, 
and died there December 24, 1761, aged 
ninety-one years. He was the first physi- 



cian in the town of Topsfield, and was 
many years a prominent citizen of that 
town. It is impossible to learn where he 
prepared for practice, but it was un- 
doubtedly with some other physician in 
that vicinity. He had five wives, the bap- 
tismal name of the first being Hannah, 
which is all that is preserved concerning 
her. He married (second) December 20, 
1724, Elizabeth Fisk, born September 15, 
1704, in Wenham, Massachusetts, daugh- 
ter of Joseph and Sarah (Warner) Fisk, 
died March 26, 1730. He married (third) 
Elizabeth Cave, who died in February, 
1737. He married (fourth) July 6, 1737, 
in Salem, Charity Cotton, who died No- 
vember 8, 1752. He married (fifth) Feb- 
ruary i, 1753, Widow Mary Balch. His 
will dated July 17, 1753, mentions wife 
Mary ; sons Michael, Stephen, Jacob ; 
daughters Sarah Foster, Mary, Hannah 
and Abigail Dwinell, and granddaughter 
Esther, wife of David Balch. Children of 
the first marriage : Thomas, born October 
3, 1693, married Mary Perkins ; Sarah, 
1694, married Abram Foster, of Ipswich ; 
Mary, 1702; Michael, mentioned below; 
Stephen, 1708, married Abigail Harris; 
Hannah, 1710, married John Bower; Ja- 
cob, 1715, married Keziah Gould; Abi- 
gail, 1719, married Humphrey Deering; 
children of the second marriage: Benja- 
min, born November, 1726, married Mary 
Este ; Thomas, August, 1729; children of 
the third marriage: Samuel, born 1731; 
Elizabeth, October, 1733. 

(Ill) Michael (3) Dwinell, second son 
of Dr. Michael (2) and Hannah Dwinell, 
was born January 7, 1706, in Topsfield, 
and died while a soldier of the French 
and Indian War, in 1755. He was one of 
the four men from Topsfield in that war. 
He married, September 27, 1727, in Salem, 
Lucy Towne, of Topsfield, who died April 
15, 1764, "an aged woman." Children: 
Bartholomew, mentioned below ; Lucy, 
born March 28, 1730, married William 



141 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Moneys; a child, died August 3, 1731; 
Hannah, born February 17, 1732, married 
James Meragin, of Marblehead ; Michael, 
January 6, 1735, married Martha Averill; 
a child, died 1739. 

(IV) Bartholomew Dwinell, eldest 
child of Michael (3) and Lucy (Towne) 
Dwinell, was born August 5, 1728, in 
Topsfield, and baptized in the church 
there, October 24, 1736. He was an early 
settler in Keene, New Hampshire, where 
he was a farmer, and died November 21, 
1801. He married in Wenham, March 19, 
1752, Sarah Moulton, born there January 
5, 1733, daughter of John and Hannah 
(Killain) Moulton, of that town, died 
1822 in Keene. Children : Hannah, born 
October 29, 1753, married William Towne, 
1777; Michael, November 28, 1755, died 
1755 ; Sarah, September, 1757 ; Lucy, Janu- 
ary, 1760; Bartholomew, March, I762,mar- 
ried Rebecca Towne ; Anna, December, 
1763, married Ezekiel Graves; Huldah, 
March 17, 1768, married Jonathan French, 
June, 1787; Lydia, September 8, 1769, 
married Israel Hill, June, 1789; Michael, 
mentioned below. 

(V) Michael (4) Dwinnell, third son of 
Bartholomew and Sarah (Moulton) Dwin- 
ell, was born November 12, 1771, in Tops- 
field, and was a child of about twelve 
years when he went with his parents to 
Keene, New Hampshire. He removed 
from Keene to Charlestown, New Hamp- 
shire, where he died. He married (first) 
Lydia Towne, born March 24, 1775, in 
Rindge, New Hampshire, daughter of 
Francis and Phebe (Towne) Towne, of 
Rindge. He married a second wife in 
Charlestown. Children of the first mar- 
riage : Francis, mentioned below ; Polly, 
born 1800, married Lorin Morse ; Har- 
riet, 1801, married Sawyer; Lydia, 

1803, married Powers; Candace, 

1806; Clarissa, 1810, married Stew- 
art ; Clarinda, unmarried ; Thursa, died 



unmarried ; children by the second mar- 
riage ; Warren, and a daughter, Sally. 

(VI) Francis Dwinnell, eldest child of 
Michael (4) and Lydia (Towne) Dwin- 
nell, w r as born July 26, 1798, in Keene, 
and grew up on his father's farm in his 
native town, attending the district schools 
adjacent to his home. He became a farmer 
in Charlestown and died in that town, in 
October, 1843. He married, August 26, 
1821, Nancy Tarbell, of Walpole, New 
Hampshire. Children: i. Elithea Dud- 
ley, born November 18, 1822, married 
Abram Downer Hull, October 24, 1848; 
died June 16, 1852. 2. Martha Ann Jud- 
son, born January 17, 1829, married Amos 
Leander Doane, April 2, 1850, of Worces- 
ter, Massachusetts. 3. Rebecca Dean, 
born January 28, 1832, died October 5, 
1848. 4. Benjamin Dudley, mentioned 
below. 5. William Tarbell, born August 
25, 1836, married (first) Margaret Eliza- 
beth Auld, February 18, 1860; she died 
February 17, 1874; married (second) 
Agnes Louise Greenman, November 3, 
1874; she died May 2, 1894; married 
(third) Martha Elizabeth Long, June 4, 
1895; he died in March, 1914, in Mulhall, 
Oklahoma. 

(VII) Benjamin Dudley Dwinnell, 
eldest son of Francis and Nancy (Tar- 
bell) Dwinnell, was born September 14, 
1834, in Charlestown, New Hampshire, 
and received his early education in the 
public schools there. After spending one 
year in a printing office in Claremont, 
New Hampshire, he settled in Worcester, 
Massachusetts, where he began his career 
as clerk in the hardware store of C. Foster 
Company. The outbreak of the Civil 
War aroused his patriotic sentiments and 
he enlisted in 1862 in the Fifty-first Mas- 
sachusetts Regiment, of which he became 
quartermaster, receiving his commission 
from Governor Andrew with the rank of 
first lieutenant. At the expiration of the 



142 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



first term of enlistment, he became first He married, December 19, 1861, Ellen 
lieutenant and quartermaster in the Sec- Adelaide Shepard, daughter of Russell 
ond Regiment Massachusetts Heavy Ar- Rice and Sarah (Hill) Shepard, of Wor- 



tillery in 1864, of which General A. B. 
R. Sprague was then lieutenant-colonel. 
This regiment saw active service in Vir- 
ginia and North Carolina, and Lieutenant 
Dwinnell was brevetted major, a title by 
which he was thereafter known. He was 
mustered out of the service in September, 
1865, and immediately engaged in the 
lumber and turpentine trade in the South, 
where he continued several years. Re- 
turning to Worcester he became assistant 



cester. She died in Fitchburg, January 
30, 1911. Children: i. Florence Russell, 
born January 12, 1864, married, June 29, 
1892, John Herbert Daniels, of Fitchburg, 
and has children : Ellen Shepherd, born 
June 10, 1893; George Eaton, May 17, 
1896; Florence Dwinnell, November 15, 
1900. 2. Josephine Hill, born May 19, 
1870, died March 23, 1871. 3. Clifton 
Howard, born March 13, 1873; a gradu- 
ate of the Worcester School of Tech- 
postmaster of the city under General Josi- nology ; is now first vice-president of the 
ah Pickett, and in 1875 was appointed First National Bank of Boston; he mar- 
jailer and master of the House of Correc- ried Elisabeth Adamson Marshall, daugh- 
tion at Fitchburg. For thirty-nine years ter of John Knox Marshall, of Brookline. 
he continued in this responsible position Massachusetts, and has children : Sabina 
under various succeeding sheriffs, and 
was very popular with the county officers, 
and administered the institution to the 
satisfaction of the community. In 1908 
he was appointed sheriff of Worcester 
county to fill the unexpired term of Gen- 
eral Robert H. Chamberlain, resigned, 
and the following year was elected sheriff Worcester County; he married, March n, 
of Worcester county for a term of five 1911, Stella Anna Woodward, daughter of 
years, and has continued to fill that posi- 
tion to the present time. He has also 
served as a member of the City Council of 



Adamson, born August n, 1903; Clifton 
Howard, October 12, 1905 ; Marshall, 
September 28, 1907; Elisabeth, March 24, 
1911. 4. Irving Francis, born February 
3, 1877 ; three years a student at the 
Worcester School of Technology ; is now 
second assistant clerk of Courts of 



Frederick Francis Woodward, of Fitch- 
burg. 



Fitchburg for two years. Politically he 
has always been a Republican. He is a 
director of the Worcester Mutual Fire In- 
surance Company of Worcester, and of 
the Burbank Hospital of Fitchburg, and a 
trustee of the Fitchburg Savings Bank. 
He is a member of the Loyal Legion, and 
of E. V. Sumner Post, No. 19, Grand 
Army of the Republic, at Fitchburg; and 



KENT, Daniel, 

Lawyer, Public Official. 

Between 1633 and 1644 there came from 
England to New England three families 
bearing the surname Kent who became 
the progenitors of three distinct lines 
whose descendants have contributed an 
honorable service toward the upbuilding 



is prominent in the Masonic fraternity, of the moral, educational and political his- 
being a member of the Morning Star tory of the country. 

Lodge, of Worcester; Thomas Chapter, In 1633 the "good shipp Mary & John" 

of London had as pasesngers Richard 
Kent, Sr., and Richard Kent, Jr. They 



Royal Arch Masons, and Jerusalem Com- 
mandery, Knights Templar, of Fitchburg. 
He is a faithful attendant of divine wor- 
ship at the First Baptist Church. 



are supposed to have been cousins. They 
settled at Newbury, Massachusetts, where 



143 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



they were joined in 1634 by James Kent, 
a brother of Richard Kent, Jr. In 1635 
Stephen Kent, a brother of Richard Kent, 
Sr., joined them. He evidently returned 
to England, as his name appears with 
that of his wife, Margery, on the list of 
passengers of the ship "Confidence" in 
1638. He remained at Newbury until 
1646 when he removed to Haverhill and 
in 1665 settled in Woodbridge, New Jersey. 
The descendants of these Kents are 
known as the Newbury line. 

Thomas Kent, born in England, emi- 
grated with his wife prior to 1643 an< 3 
was one of the proprietors of Gloucester, 
where he settled. His son, Samuel, re- 
moved to Brookfield and on the destruc- 
tion of that town by the Indians in 1676 
went to Suffield, Connecticut, where he 
died February 2, 1690-91. The Kent Me- 
morial Library stands on the site of the 
log cabin which he built upon his arrival 
at Suffield. To this Gloucester line be- 
longs James 6 Kent, Chancellor of New 
York and author of "Kent's Commen- 
taries on American Law." He was born 
at Fredericksburg, New York, July 31, 
1/63. His ancestry was Moss 5 , Elisha 4 , 
John 3 , Samuel 2 , Thomas 1 . 

Under date of May 2, 1643, tne town 
records of Dedham state that "Joshuah 
Kent is admitted Townsman & hath liber- 
tie to purchase Edward Culuers Lott." 
The records of the First Church of Ded- 
ham say that "Joshua Kent went for Eng- 
land wth our testimoniall but to returne 
againe nm 1644, md he returned 1645." 
"md ye said Joshuah Kent having brought 
ov'r 2 of his brothers & placed them in ye 
country yet wth his wife returned to Eng- 
land iom 1647." " md y e said Joshuah 
Kent upon ye trobles arising againe in 
England & wares ther 1648 he returned 
wth his wife againe about ye 8m yt yeare." 
His brothers were named John and Joseph. 
These three brothers were the founders of 
the Dedham Kent line. 



The Kent English ancestry has not 
been traced and it is not known what re- 
lationship existed, if any, between the 
Kents of Newbury, Gloucester and Ded- 
ham. 

It is the Dedham line and especially the 
descendants of John 1 Kent, the ancestor 
of Daniel 7 Kent, of Worcester, which will 
be considered in this sketch. 

Joshua Kent was a prominent man and 
active in affairs of church and town. His 
will is dated April 22, 1664. He died at 
Dedham leaving a widow and three 
daughters. 

Joseph Kent is mentioned in the tax 
rate of Dedham in 1659. He was at Block 
Island, May 4, 1664, when he petitioned 
the Legislature. On December 15, 1673, 
he was admitted an inhabitant of Swan- 
sea. He died at Swansea in 1704 leaving 
four sons and one daughter. 

In the genealogy of the Kent family by 
Edward E. Kent, John 1 Kent is given as 
son of Richard Kent, Sr., of Newbury. 
This is an error, as is amply proven by 
various church and town records. The 
will of Elizabeth Harder, of Braintree, 
June i, 1664, names John and Joseph, and 
Joshua Kent's three daughters. 

(I) John Kent was admitted to the 
Dedham church, July 16, 1652, and was 
admitted a freeman, May 3, 1654. He 
was on a tax list dated August 29, 1653, 
and he continued to be taxed at Dedham 
until November 22, 1664. He was one of 
the signers of a petition to the General 
Court, May 7, 1662 ; he was elected one 
of the fence viewers for the "West Field" 
February 24, 1664-65. He removed to 
Charlestown, Massachusetts, and was re- 
ceived in the Charlestown church by 
letter from the Dedham church with his 
wife, Hannah, April 13, 1673. His wife 
was admitted to the church at Dedham, 
February 5, 1664. They were in Charles- 
town in 1667 when their first child was 
144 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



born. He was tythingman at Charlestown 
in 1679. 

John Kent married at Dedham, May 21, 
1662, Hannah Griswold, who was born at 
Cambridge, March 4, 1644-45, an( l died 
at Charlestown, January 9, 1690-91, the 
daughter of Francis and Mary Griswold 
(or Grissell), of Charlestown, who resided 
on the north side of Kirtland street. On 
December 5, 1636, "There is granted unto 
Francis Greshold, the Drummer, two 
acres of land lying at the end of Bar- 
r.abe Lambson's pole toward Charles- 
towne, in regard of his services amongst 
the soldiers upon all occasions, as long as 
he stayeth." He died at Charlestown, 
October 2, 1652. No record of John 
Kent's death has been found. He was 
living at Charlestown as late as 1707 
when he conveyed land. The children of 
John and Hannah (Griswold) Kent were: 
i. Hannah, born July 2, 1667; married 
Joseph Cahoon. 2. Maria, born Febru- 
ary 3, 1669. 3. John, Jr., born 1670; mar- 
ried (first) Sarah Smith, December 22, 

1692; (second) Elizabeth ; in 1698 

he moved to Scituate and in 1709 to 
Mansfield where he died 1753; he was 
representative in 1724. 4. Joshua, born 
June 15, 1672, died June 20, 1672. 5. 
Joshua, born July 4, 1674; married Agnes 
Okeman, November 4, 1697 ; he lived in 
Boston. 6. Joseph, born October 13, 
1675 ; married, November 26, 1702, Re- 
becca Chittendon, of Scituate ; he lived at 
Charlestown where he died May 30, 1753. 
7. Samuel, born March 23, 1678, died 
March 16, 1702-03. 8. Ebenezer, men- 
tioned below. 9. Lydia, born July 16, 
1683 ; married, 1714, Ebenezer Simmons, 
of Scituate. 10. Mary, born May 12, 
1686; married, 1710, Joseph Barber, of 
Hingham. n. Susannah, born August 
13, 1689. 

(II) Ebenezer Kent, son of John 1 Kent, 
was born in Charlestown, Massachusetts, 

MASS Vol IV 10 



August 18, 1680, and died at Hingham, 
February 16, 1752, aged according to the 
gravestone seventy-one years, six months. 
He settled in Hingham about 1703 and 
resided in the second precinct on what is 
now Beechwood street, and built the first 
dwelling house on the west side of the 
Conahasset river. On March 19, 1706-07, 
the town of Scituate granted Ebenezer 
Kent lot one hundred and eighty contain- 
ing ten acres. He lived at Scituate as late 
as 1712 at least, out in 1717 he was again 
residing at Hingham. He became a mem- 
ber of the second church in Hingham 
(Cohasset) at its foundation, December 
13, 1721. In 1727 and 1736 he was elected 
constable. In 1737 he was one of the 
grantees of the Beechwood Cemetery, 
Hingham. His will was dated June 16, 
1748, and appointed his sons, Isaac and 
Ebenezer, executors. 

He married December 8, 1703, Hannah 
Gannett, who was born at Scituate in 
1684, and died at Hingham, March 27, 
1767, the daughter of Joseph and Deborah 
(Coombs) Gannett, and granddaughter of 
Matthew and Hannah Gannett. Matthew 
Gannett was born in England in 1618, 
and died in 1695 '> m ' s w ^ e died at Scitu- 
ate, July 10, 1700, aged seventy-eight 
years. The children of Ebenezer and 
Hannah (Gannett) Kent were: I. Abi- 
gail, born October 12, 1706, died March 
12, 1709. 2. Hannah, born 1707; married, 
January 16, 1727-28, Israel Whitcomb, Jr., 
of Hingham. 3. Mercy, born July 31, 
1708; married, November 27, 1725, Ste- 
phen Stodder, Jr., of Hingham. 4. Eliza- 
beth, born September 6, 1710; married 
(first) May 7, 1735, Eldakim Mayo, of 

Boston ; (second) Pitcher. 5. 

Susannah, born about 1711, died April 
22, 1715. 6. Isaac, born September 27, 
1712; married Rachel Bates. October 25, 
1739; removed in 1745 to Milford, Massa- 
chusetts. 7. Mary, born 1715 ; married, 

145 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



August 31, 1743, Joseph Blake. 8. Eben- 
ezer, mentioned below. 9. Seth, born 
April 13, 1/21. 10. Abigail, born March 
29, 1723; married, October 22, 1744, 
Joseph Souther, of Hingham. n.. Lydia, 
born April 24, 1725; married, December 
22, 1748, Noah Ripley, of Hingham. 12. 
Deacon Abel, born August 7, 1730; mar- 
ried Hannah Hobart, daughter of Rev. 
Nehemiah Hobart, and lived at Cohasset 
(III) Ebenezer Kent, son of Eben- 
ezer 2 Kent, (John 1 ) was born at Hing- 
ham, Massachusetts, April 18, i/i/, 
and died at Leicester, Massachusetts, 
February 3, 1786. He learned the trade 
of cooper. He bought twenty-three acres 
of land at Leicester, Massachusetts, De- 
cember 7, 1743, of Benjamin Tillson, of 
Dorchester, for fifty-seven pounds, ten 
shillings. He added to this plot twenty 
acres bought of Joseph Torrey, Novem- 
ber 6, 1746, and thirty-two acres, adjoin- 
ing, September 3, 1748, also of Torrey. 
His farm was located in the northeasterly 
part of Leicester. He and his family 
came from Hingham to live there in or 
about 1744. His name appears frequently 
on the town records of Leicester. In 1747 
he was elected sealer of weights and 
measures, to which office he was annually 
elected with but few exceptions until 1774. 
He was constable, surveyor of highways 
and tythingman. When Rev. Joseph 
Roberts was dismissed from his pastoral 
charge in 1762, "Mr." Ebenezer Kent was 
a member of a committee appointed by 
the town to supply the pulpit for six 
months. He was chosen one of a com- 
mittee to hire a school master in 1762. 
On March 16, 1765. Benjamin Tucker, of 
Leicester, sold to "Thomas Steel and 
Daniel Henshaw Esqr, John Brown, Na- 
thaniel Harwood. Nathan Seargant and 
Thomas Denny Gent. Nathaniel Good- 
speed. Nathaniel Waite. Ebenezer Kent, 
Seth Washburn. Samuel Watson, Ephra- 
im Mower, Asa Stowers, William Hen- 



shaw, Benja Richardson, Jonathan Ser- 
geant Jr., Samuel Denny, Darby Ryan, 
Nathel Richardson, Nathaniel Sergeant 
and Robert Henry Yoemen and Sarah 
Denny all of Leicester" ''a piece of land 
for a burying place where some have been 
buried and called the New Burying place." 
This is now known as Rawson Cemetery. 
Ebenezer Kent married (first) July n, 
1739, Sarah Wheaton, who was born at 
Hingham, May 17, 1718, and died at Leices- 
ter, September 24, 1771, the daughter of 
Christopher 3 and Sarah (Beal) Wheaton, 
granddaughter of Christopher 2 and Martha 
(Prince) Wheaton, and great-granddaugh- 
ter of Robert 1 and Alice (Bowen) Whea- 
ton. Christopher 2 Wheaton was one of 
"the brave Capt. Johnson's Company" in 
King Philip's War. Ebenezer Kent mar- 
ried (second) September 19, 1772, Sarah 
Stone, widow of Joseph Stone, Sr., of 
Brookfield, Massachusetts, and daughter 
of John Potter, of Marlborough and 
Shrewsbury ; she died at Goshen, Massa- 
chusetts ; her will is dated December 31, 
1794, and was filed for probate. May 2, 
1797; to the will is attached a letter to 
her children dated Goshen, April n, 1797. 
His will is dated January 12, 1785, and 
named his son Ebenezer executor. The 
children of Ebenezer and Sarah (Whea- 
ton) Kent were: I. Hannah, born De- 
cember 15, 1740, at Hingham; married, 
February u, 1765, Ezra French, of Hing- 
ham. 2. Lucy, born March 4, 1743-44, at 
Hingham ; married, August 9, 1764, Jabez 
Green, Jr., of Leicester. 3. Ebenezer, 
mentioned below. 4. Reuben, born Octo- 
ber 16, 1747, at Leicester, died there April 
i, 1763. 5. Jacob, born January 31, 1750, 
at Leicester; married (first) September 
u, 1771, Desire Prouty; (second) May 
2 3. 1773, Mary Tucker; (third) 1776, Abi- 
gail Barnes ; he died at Brookfield, Massa- 
chusetts, August 5. 1825. 6. Elizabeth, 
born May 9, '1752, at Leicester; married, 
August 15, 1776, Benjamin Flagg, of 
146 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Holden. 7. Lydia, born January 19, 1755, 
at Leicester; married, June 23, 1783, John 
Campbell, and lived at Plainfield, Massa- 
chusetts. 

(IV) Ebenezer Kent, son of Ebenezer* 
Kent, (Ebenezer" John 1 ), was born at 
Leicester, Massachusetts, December 8, 
1745, and died there January 8, 1806. He 
was the executor of his father's will and 
heir of his real estate. His father had 
deeded him, September 23, 1772, the south- 
ern half of the homestead and one-half 
of a tract of land on Flip road contain- 
ing thirty-six acres. He was a soldier in 
the Revolution, being corporal in Captain 
Seth Washburn's company of minute-men 
from Leicester, Colonel Ward's regiment, 
which marched on the Lexington Alarm, 
April 19, 1775 ; also private in Captain 
Loring Lincoln's company from Leices- 
ter; Lieutenant-Colonel Flagg's regiment 
on the Bennington Alarm, 1777. He was 
a member of the Leicester Committee of 
Safety and Correspondence in 1782. In 
addition to the lands he inherited and 
those he bought from the other heirs of 
his father's estate, he accumulated much 
other real estate by purchase. He died 
intestate and his son Daniel was ap- 
pointed administrator. Mr. Ebenezer 
Kent was active in town affairs. Like his 
father, he was sealer of weights and 
measures and was often elected constable 
and highway surveyor. 

He married at Leicester, October 29, 
1772, Esther Stone, who was born at Ips- 
wich, November 21, 1751, and died at 
Leicester, February 7, 1806, the daughter 
of William and Abigail (Hodgkins) Stone, 
granddaughter of William and Elizabeth 
(Downs) Stone, and great-granddaughter 
of William and Esther Stone, of Ipswich. 
The children of Ebenezer and Esther 
(Stone) Kent, all born at Leicester, were: 
i. William, born September 14, 1773; 
married (first) November 30, 1797, Katy 
Wheaton ; (second) September 26, 1827, 



Widow Lucinda (Barrows) Bourne; he 
removed to Wallingford, Vermont, where 
he died October 28, 1845. 2. Sarah, born 
December 27, 1774; married (first) May 
30, 1799, Reuben Billings Swan, of Spen- 
cer; (second) May 8, 1816, Asa Wheeler, 
of Holden. 3. Captain Daniel, mentioned 
below. 4. Elias, born May 3, 1780; mar- 
ried, January 20, 1803, Betsey Wheaton; 
he lived at Wallingford, Vermont, where 
he died August 20, 1856. 5. Betsey, born 
June 5, 1782; married, November 26, 
1801, Jonathan Hubbard ; they lived at 
Wallingford, Vermont. 6. Ezra, born 
September i, 1785; married, December 
14, 1811, Eusebia Southwick; he lived at 
Wallingford, Vermont, where he died 
February 3, 1818. 7. Polly, born Novem- 
ber 20, 1787; married James Bucklin, of 
East Wallingford, Vermont. 

(V) Captain Daniel Kent, gentleman, 
son of Ebenezer 4 Kent (Ebenezer 3 , Eben- 
ezer 2 , John 1 ), was born at Leicester, Mas- 
sachusetts, January 6, 1777, and died there 
May u, 1849. He, as well as his father 
and grandfather, was buried in the Raw- 
son Cemetery at Leicester. He was one 
of the more prominent men of the town 
and was especially active in military 
affairs. He was appointed sergeant, June 
17, 1803, of a company in the First Regi- 
ment of Infantry in the First Brigade, 
Seventh Division of the Militia; ensign, 
July 31, 1806; captain, December 13, 1808, 
and commissioned by Governor Levi Lin- 
coln, April n, 1809; and was discharged 
at his own request, January 30, 1812. He 
was brought up on his father's farm and 
at the age of eighteen or twenty was 
apprenticed to Pliny Earle to learn the 
card making business, which he followed 
for some years. On his father's death he 
bought the interest of the other heirs in 
the farm and lived there thereafter until 
his death. He was an active man of busi- 
ness. He bought and sold much real 
estate and was appointed to settle several 

147 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

estates. He was a very genial man and February 6, 1806; married (first) January 
popular among his associates. Of musi- u, 1831, Mary, daughter of Amos and 
cal taste, he devoted many of his leisure Damaris (Bennett) Howard, of Worces- 
hours to its cultivation and in the enter- ter; she died April 5, 1847; married 
tainment of his friends. His name ap- (second) October 3, 1847, ^Irs. Louisa 
pears often in the town records, being a Beers, daughter of Phinneas and Joanna 
man who held the confidence and respect (Barnes) Tyler; she was born October 
of his fellow townsmen. 10, 1807, and died at Leicester, January 6, 
Captain Daniel Kent married (first) 1892; he died at Leicester, March 26, 
June 6, 1805, Ruth Watson, who was born 1885. 2. Samuel Watson, born January 
at Leicester, February 21, 1781, and died 21, 1808, died in Worcester, December 
March 24, 1828, the daughter of Captain 12, 1883; married, May 19, 1835, Clarissa, 
Samuel and Ruth (Baldwin) Watson, of daughter of Samuel and Sukey (Vickery) 
Leicester. Captain Samuel Watson was Watson, of Leicester ; he lived at Worces- 
one of the minute-men of Leicester, a ser- ter and was a manufacturer of card cloth- 
geant in Captain Seth Washburn's com- ing machinery; he was a member of the 
pany which marched April 19, 1775, and Mozart Musical Society, afterwards the 
also sergeant in Captain Loring Lincoln's Choral Union ; on June 26, 1826, he was 
company which marched in 1777 on the appointed by Brigadier-General Xathan 
Bennington Alarm under Lieutenant-Colo- Heard a member of the First Brigade 
nel Flagg. He was a tanner and currier Band of the Sixth Division of Massachu- 
by trade. He was the son of John and setts Militia; he was a deacon of the Old 
Mary (Blair) Watson and grandson of South Church from 1861 to 1870, and of 
Matthew and Mary (Orr) Watson. The the Plymouth Church, 1874-1879, 1880- 
Watson family was Scotch-Irish. Ruth 1883; his widow died at Worcester, Feb- 
(Baldwin) Watson was a daughter of ruary 5, 1902. 3. Daniel Waldo, men- 
Major Asa and Abigail (Draper) Bald- tioned below. 4. Caroline Calista, born 
win. On the Revolutionary Rolls of Mas- March 19, 1812; married, February 22, 
sachusetts the name of Major Asa Bald- 1848, Levi C. Clapp, of Worcester, born 
win appears many times among the field February n, 1794, at Worthington, Mas- 
and staff officers of the First Worcester sachusetts, died at Worcester, December 
County Regiment from 1776 to 1778. He 7, 1854; she died January 4, 1898, at 
was a member of the Committee of Safety Worcester. 5. Melinda Watson, born No- 
and Correspondence for Spencer. His line vember 29, 1813; married, April 14, 1835, 
of descent from Joseph Baldwin, of Milford, Captain Dana Hyde Fitch, of Leicester, 
Connecticut, was Daniel 4 , Joseph 3 , Joseph 2 , born August 24, 1803, at Guilford, Yer- 
Joseph 1 . His wife was a daughter of mont, son of Ezra and Sally (Green) 
Captain James 3 Draper (ancestry James 2 , Fitch ; he died at Worcester, April 2, 
James 1 ). Captain Daniel Kent married 1877; when a young man he was much 
(second) 1829, Miranda Cunningham, interested in military affairs and was 
widow of Reuben Cunningham, daughter captain of the Worcester Light Infantry 
of Jabez and Eunice (Goodnow) Ayres. in 1837-38; he was also captain of the 
She was born at Xew Braintree, May 8, AYorcester Home Guards for two years; 
1795, and died at Leicester, December 21, his widow died December 28, 1909. 6. 
1861. The children of Captain Daniel James Draper, born September 20, 1815; 
and Ruth (Watson) Kent, all born at married (first) March 24, 1841, Anna 
Leicester, were: I. William Stone, born Maria, born at Boston, September 11, 

148 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1815, daughter of Abner and Abigail 
(Williams) Bourne; she died October n, 
1856; married (second) December 15, 
1857, Jennie Whiting, daughter of Whit- 
ing H. and Sarah A. (Buell) Hollister; 
she was born at Hartford, Connecticut, 
June 13, 1837; he died at Boston, January 
9, 1871, and was buried at New Bedford, 
Massachusetts, with his first wife; his 
widow married (second) December 23, 
1873, Charles F. Paine, of New York City. 
7. Esther Stone, born September I, 1817, 
died January 12, 1859; married, May 10, 
1842, Rufus Holman, of Millbury, son of 
Aaron and Polly (Stockwell) Holman ; 
he was born April 6, 1816, and died July 
22, 1895, at Leicester; he married (sec- 
ond) October n, 1859, Emeline Draper 
Bryant, born October 27, 1827, and died 
May 7, 1879. The children of Captain 
Daniel and Miranda Kent were: 8. Ruth 
Watson, born March 31, 1830, died April 
I 9> J 833- 9- John Davis, born April 28, 
1834, died July 30, 1838. 10. Edward 
Everett, born May 5, 1836; married, Feb- 
ruary 20, 1862, Sarah Rice, born August 
4, 1838, at Franklin, Michigan, daughter 
of Edward and Sophia Catherine (Patter- 
son) Procter; she died August 23, 1870; 
he was a boot manufacturer and lived at 
Spencer, Massachusetts; he compiled and 
published the Kent Genealogy already re- 
ferred to; he died April 8, 1899. 

(VI) Daniel Waldo Kent, son of Cap- 
tain Daniel 5 Kent (Ebenezer 4 , Ebenezer", 
Ebenezer 2 , John 1 ), was born May 5, 1810, 
at Leicester, Massachusetts, and died at 
Worcester, October 1 1, 1906, in the ninety- 
seventh year of his age. When he was 
about twenty-three years old he went to 
Buffalo, New York, to work but soon re- 
turned to Leicester. He resided at the 
old homestead in Leicester from 1841 
until he removed to Worcester in 1901. 
In 1848 in connection with his father he 
developed a water privilege on Kettle 
Brook which runs through the farm and 



built a saw mill. He afterwards added a 
box factory. In the sixties he began the 
manufacture of shoddy, being the first to 
introduce this industry in Leicester. He 
was always active in town affairs and 
many of the roads in the northeast part of 
the town were built through his influence. 
He always took a deep interest in the 
political events which transpired during 
his long life. In 1904 he had the rare 
privilege of casting his nineteenth vote 
for President of the United States. The 
Kent homestead which was purchased by 
Ebenezer Kent, December 7, 1743, who 
came from Hingham, remained in the 
family until July 15, 1901, when it was 
sold to the Association of Sisters of Our 
Lady of Mercy who purhcased it to be 
used in connection with their orphanage 
in Worcester. Mr. Kent was one of the 
first in Worcester county to introduce 
the use of circular saws for making 
lumber. In his younger days he was a 
member of the Leicester Company of 
Light Infantry. Before his marriage he 
taught school for some time in Leicester 
and Paxton. Both Mr. Kent and his wife 
were musical in their younger days, each 
singing in church choirs in their respec- 
tive towns. Mrs. Kent taught school for 
a short time in Paxton before her mar- 
riage. April 9, 1903, at the age of ninety- 
two and eighty-four respectively, Mr. and 
Mrs. Kent celebrated in a quiet manner 
the sixty-fourth anniversary of their mar- 
riage. Since 1888 Mr. Kent was totally 
blind. 

Daniel Waldo Kent married, April 9, 
1839, Harriet Newell Grosvenor, who was 
born at Paxton, May 5, 1818, and died at 
Worcester, January 20, 1904, at her home 
No. 25 Benefit street. The interment was 
at Pine Grove Cemetery at Leicester. She 
was the daughter of Jonathan Prescott 
and Bethiah (Avery) Grosvenor. Her 
father was born at Grafton, November 30, 
1779, and died at Paxton, September n, 
149 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

1854; her mother, Bethiah (Avery) Gros- the grain business, having a large ware- 
venor, was born at Holden, October 13, house on Lyman street, at Springfield. 
1781 ; married, April 23, 1804, and died He died March 12, 1898. Mr. Noble was 
at Paxton, January 3, 1833. The children a Republican in politics. He was promi- 
of Daniel Waldo and Harriet N. Kent, all nent in the Masonic order, member of the 
born at Leicester, were: I. Lucy Wat- Springfield Commandery, Knights Temp- 
son, mentioned below. 2. Ruth Amelia, lar. The children of Joseph Sheldon and 
mentioned below. 3. Prescott Grosvenor, Lucy Watson (Kent) Noble were: I. 
mentioned below. 4. Harriet Elizabeth, Caroline Edna, born February 15, 1866, 
born May 1, 1850; not married. 5. Daniel, at Springfield ; graduate of Wellesley Col- 
mentioned below. 6. Caroline Esther, lege and teacher in the public schools. 2. 
born August 4, 1857 ; not married ; gradu- Daniel Waldo, born February 8, 1870, at 
ate of Wellesley College, Massachusetts. Springfield, died March I, 1870. 3. Bur- 
(VII) Lucy Watson Kent, daughter of ton Ellsworth, born July 25, 1871, at 
Daniel Waldo 6 Kent, was born May 24, Springfield ; married, February 14, 1895, 
1841, and died at Florence, Massachu- Lucy Florence, daughter of Augustus and 
setts, February 9, 1908. She graduated in Frances (Andrews) Tripp, of Springfield ; 
1861 from the Westfield State Normal he succeeded to his father's business and 
School. She married, June 15, 1864, lives at Springfield. 4. Roscoe Kent, 
Joseph Sheldon Noble, of Springfield, born July 13, 1880, at Springfield. 
Massachusetts, who was born June 5, (VII) Ruth Amelia Kent, daughter of 
1829, in Westfield, Massachusetts, son of Daniel Waldo* Kent, was born December 
Jacob Moseley and Eliza (Alderman) 8, 1843, died August 4, 1878, in De- 
Noble. His grandfather, Jacob Noble, troit City, Minnesota. She was a gradu- 
served in the Revolution and in the War ate of Mt. Holyoke Seminary in 1868 and 
of 1812, and was colonel of a regiment taught school several years ; she married, 
in the latter war. Mr. Noble attended October 24, 1876, Rev. Mellville M.Tracy, 
Westfield Academy. In 1845 he entered of Hartford, Connecticut. He died at 
the machine shop of Ira Temmons where Longmont, Colorado, September 22, 1889. 
he spent three years learning the busi- Their only child was: Abbie Ruth, born 
ness. When nineteen years old he was July 26, 1877, in Three Rivers, Palmer, 
employed as engineer on the steam tug Massachusetts ; a graduate of Wellesley 
"American Eagle" plying between Troy College, 1900. 

and Albany on the Hudson river, and (VII) Prescott Grosvenor Kent, son of 
saved money for another term at the Daniel Waldo 6 Kent, was born September 
academy. In 1849 ne went to New York 29, 1847. He received his early education 
and secured the position of night clerk in in the public schools of Leicester and Lei- 
Taylor's Hotel. In the spring of 1850 he cester Academy and studied later at Wil- 
went to California and stayed until 1858 listen Academy. In July, 1867, he en- 
where he had many thrilling experiences tered upon a three-year engagement with 
in that then new and unsettled country. Hon. William Upham, of Spencer, woolen 
He returned to Westfield and was ap- manufacturer, for the purpose of learning 
pointed turnkey of the Hampden county the business. At the expiration of the 
jail by Sheriff Bush. He served there time, July I, 1870, he began manufactur- 
three years and later was jailer at Spring- ing at Monson, Massachusetts, but his 
field under Sheriff Bradley. During the plant was burned the following April, 
latter years of his life he was engaged in For a few years he had a factory at 

150 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Oxford, Massachusetts. He formed a 
partnership with Henry L. Watson, of 
Leicester, and under the name of Watson 
& Kent located in the city of Fitchburg, 
manufacturing principally waterproofings 
and beavers for the New York market, 
where he continued until 1878 when he 
removed to Worcester. In 1880 he began 
the manufacture of satinets in the old mill 
on the homestead at Leicester, installing 
new machinery for the purpose. Soon he 
was joined by his brother, Daniel, and the 
firm did an increasing and successful busi- 
ness under the name of the Lakeside 
Manufacturing Company. In 1885 he and 
his brother purchased the Jamesville mills 
in Worcester and there carried on business 
under the name of P. G. Kent & Company 
until December, 1892, when they sold the 
property to the Jamesville Manufacturing 
Company. Mr. Kent is an active member 
and deacon of the Plymouth Congrega- 
tional Church and chairman of the board 
of assessors of the society. 

He married, November 4, 1870, Mary 
Abbie Watson, of Spencer, Massachu- 
setts ; she was born June 22, 1848, in 
Spencer, daughter of Roswell S. and 
Hannah (Grout) Watson. Their children 
are: i. Edward Everett, born in Spencer, 
September n, 1872; graduated in 1893 
with the degree of S. B. in electrical engi- 
neering from the Worcester Polytechnic 
Institute ; in the following year he was 
given the same degree in mechanical engi- 
neering; studied law in Harvard Law 
School, graduating in 1896; is now prac- 
ticing law in Boston ; he married, at New- 
ton, Massachusetts, November 9, 1905, 
Mary Clement, daughter of Herbert Wil- 
der. 2. Mabel Watson, born December 2, 
1883, in Worcester, a graduate of Smith 
College, 1906. 

(VII) Daniel Kent, son of Daniel 
Waldo' Kent (Daniel 5 , Ebenezer*, Eben- 
ezer 3 , Ebenezer 2 , John 1 ), was born Janu- 
ary 2, 1853. Among his ancestors who 



were early settlers in this country my be 
named Thomas Payne, Michael Metcalf, 
Jonathan Fairbanks, John Dwight, Na- 
thaniel Whiting, and Dr. William Avery, 
of Dedham ; John Prince and Edmund 
Hobart, of Hingham; Henry Adams, of 
Braintree; Josiah Winslow and Thomas 
Bourne, of Marshfield ; John Prescott, of 
Lancaster; Rev. Peter Bulkcley and John 
Hoar, of Concord ; Cornelius Waldo, of 
Chelmsford ; John Coggswell, John Tread- 
well, and William Stone, of Ipswich ; John 
Grosvenor and James Draper, of Rox- 
bury, Grifith Bowen, of Rehoboth ; Job 
Lane, of Maiden, and Rev. John Miller, of 
Groton. 

He was educated in the public schools 
and Leicester Academy and graduated at 
Amherst College in 1875. While at Am- 
herst he was active in college sports, row- 
ing at Springfield in 1872 in the New 
England Collegiate Regatta the year that 
Amherst won the pennant against Har- 
vard, Yale, Williams and Bowdoin. He 
was one of the editors of the "Amherst 
Student" ; a member of the Delta Kappa 
Epsilon fraternity. W 7 hile in college he 
won several prizes for oratory. He has 
since shown his interest in the college by 
establishing the Kent Prize in English 
Literature, of one hundred dollars annu- 
ally, for the best thesis on an assigned 
subject produced by the senior class. 
After graduation he studied law at the 
Boston Law School and while there sup- 
plemented his studies with practical work 
in the office of the law firm of Turner & 
Scaife. His study of law had been for the 
acquisition of legal knowledge rather than 
for its practice as a profession, and after 
being admitted to the bar he entered upon 
a busines life, spending one year at In- 
dianapolis, Indiana, and another at Phil- 
adelphia. In 1881 he returned to Leices- 
ter and associated himself with his 
brother, Prescott G. Kent, in the manu- 
facture of woolen goods. They estab- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

lished the Lakeside Manufacturing Com- His house was the one east and next to 
pany, of which he became the president, the Leicester Inn facing the park. It 
In 1883 they removed the old mill build- should be noted as a coincidence that it 
ing which they had utilized and built a was in this same house that his father 
new mill which was fitted with the most and mother began their married life in 
approved machinery. They were the first 1839. In 1897 Mr. Kent sold his house at 
to install an independent electric lighting Leicester and removed to Worcester, 
plant in the town. They laid out and During these years he was prominent in 
built a flourishing factory village which town affairs. He was chairman of the 
was known as Lakeside. Their goods Board of Selectmen for a number of 
met with great success in the market and years ; chairman of the trustees of the 
to fill their orders they were obliged to public library ; chairman of the park 
run their plant day and night for over six committee having full charge of laying 
years. In 1885 they purchased the mills out the beautiful park which adorns the 
at Jamesville in Worcester which were centre village of that historic town ; sec- 
run in conjunction with the Lakeside fac- retary of the school committee and re- 
tory. When in 1892 they sold this prop- peatedly elected moderator of town meet- 
erty to the Jamesville Manufacturing ings. He was elected a member of the 
Company, Daniel Kent became president Republican state committee for the Third 
of the corporation. Worcester Senatorial District in 1892, 

During these years the old Kent farm 1893, 1894 and 1895. In 1893, during the 
was a source of great interest to him. It campaign of Hon. Frederick T. Green- 
was brought to a high state of cultivation, halge for governor, Mr. Kent had sole 
It was stocked with thoroughbred cattle charge of rallies and speakers. He was 
and its fertile fields attracted much atten- elected secretary of the Republican state 
tion. The old house which was built be- conventions in 1894 and 1895, and in the 
fore the first Ebenezer Kent bought the same years served as secretary of the Re- 
farm in 1743, was remodelled and made publican state committee. He presided 
modern in its fittings but it still retains at the Congressional convention in 1888 
much of its colonial style, with the corner when Hon. Joseph H. Walker was first 
posts and large beams running through nominated for Congress. In 1900 he was 
the center of the ceiling. elected register of deeds for the Worces- 

In 1895 tne c i tv f Worcester in order ter district in Worcester county, which 
to increase its water supply made a tak- office he holds at the present time, having 
ing of the waters of Kettle Brook at and been reflected for a fourth term in 1911. 
above the Lakeside Mills. This resulted Under his administration many changes 
in the destruction of a manufacturing have been introduced and the registry has 
plant which had given employment to been raised to a high degree of excellence, 
many hands and had performed its part He has made a special study of the sub- 
in contributing to the prosperity and ject of indexing, and is the author of 
growth of the town. The dam and fac- "Land Records, A System of Indexing," 
tory building were removed, the busy published in 1903. It is the first work 
hum of machinery was silenced and the ever written on that intricate subject. In 
place became in very truth "a deserted 1906 he invented a case for classifying 
village." cards, also a card holder, both of which 

While engaged in business, Mr. Kent he has had patented, 

lived in the centre village of Leicester. Of literary tastes, he finds much enjoy- 

'52 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ment among the books in his large library. 
He devotes many of his leisure hours to 
genealogical research, and he has solved 
several very difficult problems. One of 
his recent successes is the locating of the 
birth place of John Grosvenor, of Rox- 
bury. Mr. Kent was for three years 
president of the Amherst Alumni of 
Central Massachusetts, and for several 
years was president of the New England 
Satinet Manufacturer's Association. In 
1900 he was elected a trustee of Leicester 
Academy and is at present secretary of 
the board. He is a member of the 
Worcester Economic Club, the Worcester 
Club, the Tatnuck Country Club, Worces- 
ter County Republican Club, the Sons of 
the Revolution, Society of Colonial Wars, 
and the Delta Kappa Epsilon Association 
of Central Massachusetts. 

Mr. Kent married (first) at Westfield, 
Massachusetts, July 2 1878, Georgia, 
daughter of Nelson Franklin and Henri- 
etta (Snowden) Tyler; she was born at 
LaGrange, Georgia, July 20, 1853, and 
died at Worcester, July 24, 1914. He 
married (second) December i, 1915, 
Hattie May Leland, daughter of Francis 
Augustus and Hattie Mowry (Lapham) 
Leland, of Worcester. 

(The Grosvenor Line). 

In the old burying ground at Roxbury, 
now Boston, at the corner of Washington 
and Eustis streets, on the right of the 
entrance gate, and not far distant, near 
the wall on the Eustis street side, stands 
a dark slate stone in a good state of 
preservation, on which is inscribed 

HERE LYETH BURIED | Y BODY OF JOHN | 

GROSVENOR WHO | DECD SEPTE Ye 27^] 

IN Ye 49 YEAR OF HIS I AGE, 1691 

On the stone is cut his family coat-of- 
arms. The garb in the dexter quartering, 
and the crest, a talbot statant on a wreath, 
shows that he was a descendant of the 



ancient Grosvenor family of County 
Cheshire, England. 

The family tradition that John Gros- 
venor came from Chester win re he had ;; ar- 
ried Esther Clarke, an heiress, has been 
accepted as an established fact. Most 
published genealogical sketches of him 
state that he was a son of Sir Richard 
Grosvenor. This could not have been 
true as Sir Richard, first Baronet, who 
died September 14, 1645, ^ e ^ only one 
son living. Sir Richard, second Baronet. 
This second Sir Richard, who died Janu- 
ary 31, 1664, had five sons who all died 
unmarried except the eldest, Roger. 

Mr. Kent has made a very exhaustive 
search of the Grosvenor records in Eng- 
land. Having become convinced by re- 
search and correspondence with the Duke 
of Westminster, the rector of Eton Hall, 
and the Honorable Secretary of the Ches- 
ter and Lancaster Historical Society that 
John Grosvenor, the pioneer ancestor of 
the family in this country, did not come 
directly from the Chester family, he 
turned his attention to its branches 
scattered throughout England. By means 
of the coat-of-arms on the gravestone at 
Roxbury, he decided John Grosvenor must 
have come from Shropshire county. His 
labors were rewarded by finding at St. 
Leonard's Church at Bridgnorth the rec- 
ord of John Grosvenor's baptism. At the 
Herald of Arms at London he found a re- 
spite given to make proof of the descent 
from the Grosvenors of Eton in Cheshire, 
by Leicester Grosvenor, John's eldest 
brother, August 14, 1663, which enabled 
him to go back two generations with cer- 
tainty. He has also added two other gen- 
erations which are probably correct. He 
has not succeeded in determining the con- 
nection with the Chester line, but that 
John Grosvenor did descend from that 
line there can be no doubt. 

Mr. Kent now gives the results of his 
research for the first time to the American 

153 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

branch of the family, as a memorial to his county of Chester. From this Gilbert Le 

mother. All of the published sketches of Veneur are descended the Grosvenors of 

the descendants of John Grosvenor in his England of whom the present Duke of 

mother's line which appear in this work Westminster, of Eton Hall, Chester, is 

and others were copied from his notes the head, 

and are the result of his own research. According to Ormerod, the county his- 

The Grosvenors are descended from the torian of Chester, the name Grosvenor 

Normans. At Venables, about thirty never occurs earlier than 1260 in the reign 

miles beyond Rouen, on the road to Paris, of Henry III. It appears, as le Grand 

between St. Pierre and Vernon was the Veneur, le Graunt Venur, Grauntvenour, 

barony and ancient seat of the Le Ve- le Gros Venour, le Grosvenour, le Gra- 

neurs, so named from their hereditary of venor, and later as at present Grosvenor. 

Veneur or Venator (Huntsman) to the The earliest evidence of a trustworthy 

Dukes of Normandy. They occur in the character that we can gather is the testi- 

tenth century in the charters of the Gallia mony in the great Scrope and Grosvenor 

Christcana; and Walter Le Veneur was a suit of arms in the fourteenth century, 

conspicuous figure in the battle of the There are few families in England who 

Fords, in 960, between Lothaire, King of can trace their pedigree back to the early 

France, and Richard Sans Peur of Nor- feudal times with as much show of au- 

mandy. thority as can the Grosvenors, owing to 

Sir Francis Palgrave says of him : this testimony preserved in the Court 

Records. On August 17, 1385, Sir Richard 

All the interest of the battle seemed at one i e Scrope brought a suit against Sir 

juncture to be concentrated upon the Huntsman, Robert Grosyenor re l at ive to the right to 

as though he had been the sole object of the ... 

conflict the arms Azure, a Bend or which was 

claimed by each family. "This case stands 

Collins writes of the Grosvenors : pre-eminently distinguished among the 

memorable events of that remarkable 

This noble family i s descended from a long period, so brilliant in the annals of chiv- 

train in the male line, of illustrious ancestors, . The fina j jud t< which was 

who nourished in Normandy, with great dignity . 

and grandeur, from the time of its first erection a ? amst Sir Robert Grosvenor, was given 

into a sovereign dukedom, A. D. 912, to the Con- by King Richard II. "in the great chamber 

quest of England, in the year 1066: having been called the Chamber of Parliament within 

always ranked among the foremost there, either t h e Royal Palace of Westminster" May 

for nobleness of blood or power: and having The recQrds ghow that nead 

had the government of many castles and strong- . ...... 

holds in that duchy. two hundred witnesses testified in this 

suit, among them being three kings, 

Hugh d'Avranches, better known as several of the royal blood, members of 

Hugh Lupus, was a nephew of William the nobility, abbots, clergy and gentry of 

the Conqueror and came with him into Chester, Lancashire, Yorkshire, etc. At 

England. King William made Hugh the termination of the suit Sir Robert 

Lupus Earl Palatine of Chester "to hold Grosvenor assumed for arms one of the 

the county as freely by the sword, as the golden garbs of the old Earls of Chester 

King himself held England by the crown." on a blue field; "the consanguinity of his 

With Hugh Lupus came his nephew, Gil- family to that house having become mani- 

bert Le Veneur, and several of his family fest during the proceedings in this cele- 

who were richly provided for in his brated suit," as well as his descent from 

154 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Gilbert le Veneur, and ever since these 
arms have been borne by the family of 
Grosvenor. 

In 1597 William Dethick, Garter King 
of Arms, gave a grant of confirmation to 
Richard Grosvenor, of Eton, and the 
various branches of the whole family, 
securing the already recognized crest, a 
Talbot statant or on a wreath of his 
colours, in which it is stated "yt they 
shall or may lawfully use and beare ye 
same Talbot wth yeir due differences for 
ever." 

The history of the family of Grosvenor 
is very complicated and contradictory, but 
perhaps no more so than others which 
trace to the times of William the Con- 
queror. Most of the pedigrees of the 
various branches of this family outside 
of County Cheshire which appear in the 
"Visitations of Shropshire, Staffordshire, 
Warwickshire, etc." trace to various sons 
of Sir Thomas Grosvenor, of Hulme in 
County Cheshire, who died 1429. All had 
for arms, "Azure, a garb or" with various 
signs for differences. Crest, "a Talbot 
statant or on a wreath of his colours." 
That such descent from the Grosvenors 
of Cheshire was fully recognized by the 
Heralds is evidenced by the fact of their 
allowing all of the Grosvenor families in 
these localities the golden garb and talbot 
crest for their armorial insignia. 

(I) William 1 Gravenor, of Bridgnorth. 
His wife was Margaret. The Register of 
St. Leonard's Church, Bridgnorth, has: 
"Margaret Gravenor buried ye Vth of 
October 1583"; "Wm Gravenor Honle 
Gent, buried XXX of October 1589." 
William and Margaret Gravenor had a 
son, Richard, mentioned below. 

(II) Richard 2 Gravenor (William 1 ) liv- 
ing in 1589. He died in or before 1595, 
having had by his wife, Martha, who was 
living his widow in 1595 and 1600, four 
children : William, mentioned below ; Joan 



"married the XXVIth o f June 1592 Wm 
Peat" ; Joice ; Roger, of Coventry. 

(III) William 3 Grosvenor (Richard 2 , 
William 1 ), of Bridgnorth, Gent., married 
at St. Leonard's 16 November, 1590, Ur- 
sula Blount, of Blount Hall, Bridgnorth. 
He was buried in St. Leonard's Church, 
17 January, 1599-1600. His widow mar- 
ried (second) 4 June, 1600, John Davis. 
His will is filed at Somerset House, Lon- 
don, and was proved in the Prerogative 
Court of Canterbury, 88 Harte. The will 
states: "I have one daughter whose name 
is Margery Gravenor" to whom he be- 
queathed certain property "yet upon this 
condicon that she my said daughter be 
ruled goverened and placed in marriage 
at the good likeinge of my wife her 
mother And of my son & heire and of 
other my frendes, or ells otherwise if she 
be unrulye and obstinate the same to re- 
maine to my wife and my heire". He 
names "my sister Joice Grauenor" and 
Roger Gravener of Coventry being my 
brother" "I will that my wife Ursula shall 
have the tuition governaunce rearing and 
bringing up my two children my son 
and my daughter And that she shall 
bring up my sonne to be a scholler, if 
he prove to be apt". "All my landes tene- 
mentes and hereditaments I give and be- 
queath to my sonne William Gravenor to 
his heires and assignes for ever." "And 
I doe ordaine and appoint my saide wife 
and my sonne William Grauenor execu- 
tors of this my last will and testamente." 
The will was "proved 22 November, 1604 
by John Davis husband of Ursula Davis 
alias Gravenor relect of the said deceased 
and one of the executors named in the 
will, with power reserved to the other 
executor." Their children were : William, 
mentioned below; Margery, baptized 16 
May, 1596, married John Hord, of Hord 
Park, Shropshire. 

(IV) William 4 Grosvenor (William 3 , 

155 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Richard 2 , William 1 ), of Bridgnorth, Gent., 
was baptized 18 December, 1593. He 
married Susanna Paston, daughter of 
Rev. George Paston. rector at Drayton- 
Bassett. who was buried January 10, 1629. 
"William Grosvenor was church warden of 
St. Leonard's, 1635. During the Civil 
War he was a royalist. His home place 
was called "The Friars" and was near the 
present carpet works in Lower-town, 
Bridgnorth. He was buried in St. Leon- 
ard's Church, 21 June. 1652. His wife, 
Susanna, survived him and was buried 20 
June, 1667. His will is filed at Somerset 
House, London, and was proved in the 
Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 366 
Brent, and is verbatim ct litcratine as fol- 
lows : 

IN THE NAME OF GOD AMEN 
William the Seaven and twentieth Day of May 
Gravenor In the yeare of our Lord One thou- 
sand six hundred fifty and twoe Ac- 
cording to the computacon of the Church of 
England. I WILLIAM GRAVENER the elder 
of Bridgenorth in the County of Salopp gent. 
Sick in body but of good and perfect memory 
(thanks bee to god for the same) doe make and 
ordeyne this my Testam. 1 and last Will in manner 
and forme following (that is to say) First I 
Comend my soule into the hands of god my 
maker hopeing assuredly through the onely mer- 
ritts of Jesus Crist my Saviour to bee made per- 
taker of life everlasting And I Comend my body 
to the earth Whereof it is made and to bee buried 
in the parrish Church of S. { Leonards in Bridge- 
north neere unto the place where my father was 
buried Item I give and bequeath to Susanna my 
wife the moity or one halfe of all that my mes- 
suage wherein I now dwell called and knowne by 
the name of the Fryers And the Moity or one 
halfe of the garden thereunto adioyneing and be- 
longing scituate lieing and being in or neere 
Bridgnorth aforesaid in the said County of Salop 
For and dureing the Terme of her naturall life 
And from and after her decease I give and be- 
queath the same to Lester Gravener sonne and 
heire apparent of mee the said William Gravener 
and his heires for ever And the other Moity of 
the said Messuage And alsoe All the Lands 
meadows Leasows and passures to the said Mes- 
suage belonging or in any wise appteyneing scitu- 



ate lieing and being in or near Bridgenorth afore- 
said And alsoe all other the Messuages lands 
Tenem r 15 and hereditam :*s of mee the said Wil- 
liam Gravener scituate lyeing and being within 
the town and Libties of Bridgenorth aforesaid 
and in Ouldbury in the said County of Salop I 
give and bequeath to the said Lester Gravener 
and his heires for ever And alsoe I give and be- 
queath to him All my goods Cattells and Chattells 
whatsoever In Consideracon and upon Condicon 
And to the intent and purpose That the said Leis- 
ter Gravener or his heires shall and doe w.tb in 
twoe yeares next after my decease without fraude 
or deceipt well and truely pay satisfie and dis- 
charge All such Debts w ch I doe iustly and truely 
owe or shall owe at the tyme of my decease And 
also he shall and doe w th in two yeares next after 
my decease well and truely satisfie and pay w th .out 
fraude or deceipt To my daughter Susanna Gra- 
vener the Some of Forty pounds of lawfull money 
of England To my Daughter Grace Gravener the 
some of Forty pounds of like money To my 
daughter Jane Gravener the Some of Forty 
poundes of like money To my Daughter Mary 
Harrison the some of Five poundes To my 
Daughter Lettice Levinge the some of Five 
poundes To her daughter Lettice Levinge the like 
some of Five poundes To John Eddowes the like 
sume of Five poundes alsoe to me sonne Jerrard 
Gravenor the sume of threscore poundes And to 
my sonne John Gravenor the sume of threscore 
poundes of lawfull money of England PRO- 
VIDED allwaies and my will true intent and 
meaneing is That if my sonne Lester Gravenor or 
his heires shall make defaulte of paym.t of my 
sayd debts, or any of them or any part of the same 
or of the said other severall Somes of money 
limitted to bee payd as aforesaid or any of them 
or any part or pcell of them or any of them at 
the tyme in w ch the same are limitted and ap- 
poynted to bee payd in manner and forme afore- 
said That then the guilts and bequests made by 
mee to the said Lester Gravener and his heirea 
in forme aforesaid shall be utterly voyd frustrate 
and of none effect And then I give and bequeath 
All my said Messuages lands Tenem ts : and 
p'misses before menconed (except the said Moity 
of the said Messuage and garden called the 
Fryers which I give to the said Susanna my wife 
for the Terme of her naturall life) to the said 
Susanna Gravener my Daughter Grace Gravener 
Jane Gravener Gerrard Gravener William Gra- 
vener and John Gravener their Executo rs . Ad- 
ministrato rs : and assignes from and immediately 
after my decease For and dureing the full end 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and Terme of Fowerscore and Nyneteene yeares 
then next following And fully to bee Compleate 
and ended And alsoe I give and bequeath to them 
all my goods cattells and Chattels for y e Satisfie- 
ing and payinge of my said debts And for and in 
full satisfaccon and payment of the severall 
Somes of money before limitted to bee payd to 
them the said Susanna my daughter Grace Jane 
Gerard William Gravener and John Gravener my 
sonnes And to the said Mary Harrison Lettice 
Levinge and her Daughter Lettice Leving and 
John Eddowes in forme aforesaid The w ch sev- 
erall Somes of money I have lymitted and ap- 
poynted to bee payd to them for their severall 
Legacies and porcons PROVIDED allways and it 
is notw th standing my will And I doe give and be- 
queath to the s d Susanna my wife the one halfe 
of my househould goods and implements of 
househould anything before menconed to the 
Contrary in any wise notw th . standing I doe make 
and ordayne Thomas Leving and Edward Harri- 
son gent my sonne in lawes my Executo. rs to see 
this my Testamt and last Will duely and truely 
performed And I give and bequeath to them 
Power poundes for their paynes to be equally de- 
vided betwene them. In Witnes whereof I have 
thereunto putt my hand and Scale And published 
and declared this to bee my last will and Testam : 4 
in the presence of the persons whose names are 
subscribed scell Will Gravenor: Thomas Tyther 
Robert Raynolds Thomas Llawe W : barter. 

Proved: 12 September 1653, by the executors 
named in the will. 

The children of William and Susanna 
Grosvenor were: i. Leicester, Gent., of 
'The Friars" Bridgnorth, born about 
1627, married the eldest daughter of 
Christopher Estwick, of Stoke, County 
Warwick, and his wife, Eleanor, daughter 
of Isaac Walden, of Coventry. He was 
buried at St. Leonard's, 14 May, 1690. 
Administration on his estate was granted 
7 October, 1690, to Eleanor, his widow. 
His widow, Eleanor, was buried at St. 
Leonard's, 26 November, 1708. 2. Mary, 
married Edward Harrison, of Bridgnorth. 
3. Lettice, married Thomas Levinge, of 
Shepley, County Leicester; she died in 
1690, aged sixty. 4. Gerald, buried 
27 June, 1671. 5. William, baptized 17 
April, 1634, buried 3 February, 1672. 6. 



Jane, baptized 26 July, 1636, married 
Francis Bayley, of Bridgnorth. 7. Susan- 
na. 8. John, mentioned below. 9. Grace, 
married Daniel Billingsley, of Bridgnorth. 

(V) John 6 Grosvenor (William 4 , Wil- 
liam 3 , Richard 2 , William 1 ), of Roxbury, 
Massachusetts, the pioneer ancestor of 
this noted family in America, was born at 
Bridgnorth. At St. Leonard's Church is 
this record "John the sonne of William 
Gravenor and Susanna his wife was bap- 
tized ye second day of January 1640"-!. 
St. Leonard's, founded in the tenth or 
eleventh centuries stands in a sort of 
close near High street, surrounded by 
buildings of Elizabethan or Jacobean date. 
Its fine old stained glass and its tombs 
were destroyed during the siege of Bridg- 
north by Cromwell in 1646. But of late 
years (1862) St. Leonard's has been re- 
stored and is worthy of the ancient town 
it adorns. The original church was 
mainly built in the thirteenth century 
style ; though its rich and handsome 
tower built of salmon-red sandstone is of 
a somewhat later style. A fine, open 
timbered roof was brought to light dur- 
ing the restoration. Its nave is remark- 
able for its exceptional width, and in this 
respect is not exceeded by any parish 
church in England, and by only three 
cathedrals. 

John Grosvenor probably came to New 
England after his mother's death, and as 
early as 1670. "J orm Grosvenor'' was a 
witness to a deed March 14, 1672 (Suffolk 
Deeds Book 9, page 140). 

He married, probably in 1671, Hester, 
daughter of Hugh Clarke and his wife, 
Elizabeth, as appears from a deed in the 
Suffolk Registry of Deeds, volume 13, 
page 328, from Hugh Clarke, of Roxbury, 
dated January 28, 1684, which reads as 
follows : 

* * * Know Yee that the said Hugh Clarke 
Some time past about twelve or thirteene Yeares 
agoe or thereabout for and in consideration of a 

157 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



part of my Daughter Hester Graveners portion 
and many other good and considerable Considera- 
tions : Hath given granted and given possession 
* * * unto John Gravener my Sonne in Law 
and Hester Gravener his wife, two Small pieces 
of Land, the one peice of Land is that Land 
whereon John Graveners dwelling House now 
Standeth being in Roxbury, and as it is now 
fenced from the land of Hugh Clarke and abut- 
ting on the Highway Leadeing from Stony River 
towards Muddy River Southerly * * *. And 
the other Smal peice of Land neerer to the Now 
dwelling house of sd Hugh Clarke whereon John 
Gravenors Tanyard and Tan house standeth * 



Hugh Clarke was at Watertown as 
early as 1641 where his son John was 
born. He lived there until about 1660 when 
he moved to Roxbury, where he was free- 
man, May 30, 1660. He died at Roxbury, 
July 20, 1693. 

Drake in his ''History of Roxbury," 
says : "John Grosvenor's dwelling house 
and four acres of orchard and pasture 
were on the northeasterly corner of the 
present Tremont and Parker streets." In 
1678 the town granted him a lot of land 
"at the bridge and old mill for liming 
leather, in fee, and not to sell but for such 
use, and to be forfeit if it damage the 
water for cattle or man." He was a 
"tanner" and the first to locate this busi- 
ness at Roxbury which later became noted 
for its tanneries. In the seventeenth cen- 
tury the tanning industry was very promi- 
nent down the Severn Valley from Shrews- 
bury to Worcester. Bridgnorth was noted 
for its tanneries and the quality of the 
leather produced. John Grosvenor, being 
a younger son, probably learned this trade 
there. 

He held the responsible office of town 
constable, "then an office of great dignity 
and importance." He was one of the 
original six purchasers from Major James 
Fitch of the Mashamoquet grant of 15,100 
acres, I May, 1686, which includes the 
present towns of Pomfret, Brooklyn and 



Putnam and the parish of Abington, Con- 
necticut. It is said that John Grosvenor 
was sent by the company to Norwich to 
pay Major Fitch the purchase money. 
The original grantees on 6 May, 1686, 
designated six other associates. These 
twelve proprietors were all residents of 
Roxbury. On 9 March, 1687, these pro- 
prietors met to consult upon the settle- 
ment of their purchase. The consent and 
compliance of Major Fitch to any arrange- 
ments they might make was judged neces- 
sary. They voted that their "truely and 
beloved friends, Samuel Ruggles, Sen. 
and Jun. John White, Samuel Gore and 
John Grosvenor" were authorized "to 
treat with Major Fitch in and concerning 
all matters relating to said lands." These 
gentlemen reported April 7th that half of 
the land was to be laid out at once. Be- 
fore the division was effected, Andros 
assumed the government of Connecticut 
and it seemed best to defer action. The 
survey and divisions were accomplished 
during the winter and on March 27, 1694, 
nearly eight years after the purchase, the 
several proprietors met in Roxbury to re- 
ceive their respective shares. John Gros- 
venor, who died 27 September, 1691, was 
represented by his widow who received 
the first allotment. It consisted of five 
hundred and two acres, being the land 
where the village of Pomfret now stands 
and the hills which surround it, including 
Prospect Hill, which faces the east, and 
the commanding eminences called Sharp's 
Hill and Spaulding's on the \vest. Esther 
Grosvenor was appointed administratrix 
of her husband's estate and on February 
17, 1691-92, filed her bond for seven hun- 
dred pounds. 

His widow Esther, as her name appears 
on the records, on September 16, 1695, 
sold six acres called Rock pasture "the 
Rightful Inheritance of Hugh Clarke late 
of said Roxbury deed and by the said 



153 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Esther Grosvenor purchased of his son 
John" and three and one half acres "the 
Rightful Inheritance of aforesaid John 
Grosvenor * * * together with Mansion 
house, barn &c." On the same day she and 
her son William "and all other heires of the 
said John Grosvenner" purchased sixty- 
five acres in Muddy River, now Brook- 
line, together with dwelling house, the 
consideration being three hundred and 
twelve pounds. On October 7, 1695, they 
purchased thirty acres in Muddy River 
"together with the house, fruit trees, 
wood" &c., the consideration being one 
hundred and fifty pounds. On April 15, 
1701, Esther Grosvenor, William Grosve- 
nor, gentleman, and Susannah Grosvenor, 
of Muddy River, and John Grosvenor, of 
"Mashamnggabuck in County New Lon- 
don, Colony of Conn." sold "their Farme 
Tract" in Muddy River. About this time 
she probably went with her family to 
Mashamoquet. The road to Hartford and 
Windham passed through their land, near 
their first residence, which was on the 
western declivity of Prospect Hill, near 
the site afterward occupied by Colonel 
Thomas Grosvenor's mansion-house. Mrs. 
Grosvenor was a woman of great courage 
and energy, and was held in high esteem 
by the early settlers. It is a family tra- 
dition that she was skillful in tending the 
sick. Her sons aided in bringing their 
large possessions under cultivation and 
early identified themselves with the 
growth and interests of the town. The 
Roxbury Records have these records : 
"13. 2m. 1673, Esther Gravener was ex- 
communicated". "2d gm. 1673, Esther 
Gravener was reconciled to ye church & 
solemnly owned ye Covenant." Esther 
Grosvenor's gravestone stands in the 
burial grounds at the foot of Prospect 
Hill and records : "Here lyes ye body | of 
Mrs Esther | Grosvenor ye Widow of Mr | 
John Grosvenor | Died June 15 | 1738 
Aged | about 87 Years. | She was there- 



fore born about 1651 at the time her 
father, Hugh Clarke, resided at Water- 
town where he lived about twenty years 
before removing to Roxbury. 

All of the sons of Leicester Grosvenor 
were dead when he died at Bridgnorth, 
1690, also all of his brothers except John. 
On Leicester's death John Grosvenor, 
therefore, became the head of this Gros- 
venor line. 

The children of John and Esther Gros- 
venor, all born at Roxbury, were as fol- 
lows : i. Rev. William, born January 8, 
1672-73; graduated at Harvard College, 
1693 ! minister at Brookfield, Massachu- 
setts, October 24, 1705, to August 25, 
1708; it is a tradition that he went to 
Charleston, South Carolina ; died before 
J 733- 2 - J onn > baptized June 6, 1675; 
married at Concord, January 27, 1708-09, 
Sarah Hayward, born June 16, 1689, 
daughter of John Hayward and his wife, 
Anna; John was killed by the Indians at 
Brookfield, July 22, 1710; his estate was 
settled by his brothers, Leicester and 
Ebenezer, in 1724. 3. Captain Leicester, 
born about 1676, died at Pomfret, Con- 
necticut, September 8, 1759, aged eighty- 
three ; married (first) at Woodstock, Janu- 
ary 16, 1711-12, Mary Hubbard ; she died 
May 14, 1724, aged thirty-seven; married 
(second) February 12, 1728-29, Rebekah 
Waldo, born at Chelmsford, Massachu- 
setts, February 5, 1693-94, died at Pom- 
fret, May 21, 1753; he was a member of 
the first board of selectmen of Pomfret 
and was elected nineteen times to that 
office ; member of committee to select 
site of first church at Pomfret ; also of 
the building committee; ensign of mili- 
tary company at Pomfret. 4. Susanna, 
born February 9, 1 680-81 ; married, 1702, 
Joseph Shaw, of Stonington. 5. Child 
still born, June 21, 1683. 6. Sergeant 
Ebenezer, mentioned below. 7. Thomas, 
born June 30, 1687, died same day. 8. 
Joseph, born September r, 1689, died June 

159 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

20, 1738, unmarried. 9. Thcmas, married, was appointed on a committee to build a 

May 22, 1718, Elizabeth Pepper; died new meeting house. The painted portraits 

September 30, 1750. of Ebenezer and his wife are in the pos- 

(VI) Sergeant Ebenezer 6 Grosvenor session of Mrs. Ellen Coit, of Norwich, 
(John 6 , William 4 , Wiliam 3 , Richard 2 , Wil- Connecticut. The children of Ebenezer 
Ham 1 ), of Pomfret, Connecticut, was born and Lucy Grosvenor, all born at Pomfret, 
at Roxbury, October 9, 1684. He married were: i. Rev. Ebenezer, born March 6, 
Anne, daughter of John and Sarah (Had- 1739; graduated at Yale College, 1759; 
lock) Marcy, of Woodstock, born at Rox- married at Danvers, February 2, 1/64, 
bury, October n, 1687. He died at Pom- Elizabeth Clark; died at Harvard, Massa- 
fret, September 29, 1730. His widow died chusetts, 1788. 2. Elizabeth, born De- 
at Pomfret, June 30, 1743. In 1710 a mili- cember 19, 1740. 3. Oliver, born May 19, 
tary company was organized with Eben- 1743 ; married Terniah, daughter of John 
ezer Grosvenor sergeant. In 1720 he was Payson. 4. Captain Asa, born April 6, 
a member of the committee appointed to 1744; married, April 24, 1766, Hannah, 
build the first school house at Pomfret. daughter of Rev. David Hall, born at Sut- 
In 1721 the town granted him the right ton, August 30, 1740; both died at Read- 
to build "a pew at the east end of the ing, Massachusetts., Hannah, March 16, 
meeting house." The children of Eben- 1834; Captain Asa, September 28, 1834. 
ezer and Anne Grosvenor, all born at 5. Lucy, born July 25, 1747; married Rev. 

Pomfret, were : I. Susanna, born October Williston. 6. Rev. Daniel, men- 

31, 1710. 2. Captain John, born May 22, tioned below. 7. General Lemuel, born 

1712; married, May 4, 1733, Hannah August n, 1752; married Mrs. Eunice 

Dresser, of Thompson, Connecticut; he Avery, widow of Elisha Avery, and 

was captain of the Pomfret company, daughter of General Israel Putnam ; he 

lieutenant-colonel Nathaniel Tyler's regi- was judge of the probate court. 8. Ezra, 

ment, in the Crown Point Expedition ; he born June, 1755. 9. Chloe, born Octo- 

was a member of the State Assembly; ber 29, 1757; married, November 24, 1785, 

died 1808, aged ninety-seven years. 3. Joseph Hall, son of Rev. David Hall ; 

Ebenezer, mentioned below. 4. Caleb, born September 8, 1751 ; he graduated at 

born May 15, 1716; married, November Harvard College, 1774; he died at Sutton, 

2 9 : 739> Shuah Carpenter. 5. Joshua, April 6, 1840. 10. Captain Nathan, born 

died in infancy. 6. Moses, died in in- December 17, 1764. 

fancy. 7. Ann, born September 24, 1724. (VIII) Rev. Daniel 8 Grosvenor (Eben- 

8. Penelope. ezer', Ebenezer', John 6 , William 4 , Wil- 

(VII) Ebenezer' Grosvenor (Ebenezer', Ham 3 , Richard 2 , William 1 ) was born at 
John 6 , William 4 , William 3 , Richard 2 , Wil- Pomfret, Connecticut, April 20, 1750. He 
Ham 1 ), of Pomfret, was born December 24, graduated at Yale College in 1769. In 
1713. He married, March 10, 1737, Lucy, 1773 the church at Great Barrington 
daughter of Lieutenant Abiel and Marah voted to give Rev. Daniel Grosvenor a 
(Waldo) Cheney, born at Pomfret, Octo- call to settle there. This he declined. He 
ber 20, 1720. He died August 19, 1793. was ordained pastor of the Congrega- 
His wife died May 12, 1792. He was a tional church at Grafton, October 19, 
member of "The United English Library 1774. At the ordination the introductory 
for the Propogation of Christian and Use- prayer was offered by Rev. Aaron Put- 
ful Knowledge" founded at Pomfret, Sep- nam, his brother-in-law, of the First 
tember 25, 1739. On June 16, 1760, he Church of Pomfret. The sermon was 

160 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



preached by Rev. Ebenezer Grosvenor, of 
Scituate, an older brother. The text was 
Genesis 45 : 24 "See that ye fall not out of 
the way". The charge was given by Rev. 
David Hall, D. D., of Sutton, his father- 
in-law. Mr. Grosvenor continued in the 
ministry here until the close of the year 
1787, when he was dismissed at his own 
request having lost his voice. "The suc- 
cess of his ministerial labors here is best 
attested by the unwillingness of his 
people to consent to his removal so long 
as there was any reason to hope he would 
be able to resume his labors. He was a 
man of very pleasing manners, both in 
the pulpit and out of it, dignified in his 
bearing and engaging in his address. 
Rare conversational powers united with 
these qualities made him everywhere a 
pleasant companion. His fondness for 
anecdote, ready wit, and plentiful re- 
sources, also served to make his presence 
always welcome to those who loved so- 
ciety. In his doctrines he was said to be 
moderate, avoiding all extremes, and his 
manner of speaking was easy, fluent and 
vivacious. His attractions as a preacher 
were much more than ordinary." Mr. 
Grosvenor owned and occupied the house 
in Grafton built by Rev. Solomon Pren- 
tice which is still standing. On Novem- 
ber 5, 1794, he was installed as pastor at 
Paxton, Massachusetts, where he was 
settled until November 17, 1802, when he 
was dismissed at his own request. 

Leicester Academy was incorporated 
March 23, 1784. The first meeting of the 
trustees was held April 7, 1784, and on 
July 4th of the same year Rev. Daniel 
Grosvenor was elected one of the trustees, 
and continued on the board until 1815. 
Hon. Emory Washburn in his "History 
of Leicester Academy", in speaking of 
Mr. Grosvenor, says : 

Among the incidents which serve to illustrate 
his character as a man, when the alarm of the 
march of the British troops on Lexington reached 

MASS Vol. IV 11 l6l 



Grafton, the company of Minute Men which had 
been raised, of which Mr. Grosvenor was a mem- 
ber, marched at once for the scene of action, and 
shouldering his musket, he promptly took his 
place in their ranks and marched with them to 
Cambridge. 

After leaving Paxton he resided at 
Petersham, Massachusetts, where he died 
July 22, 1834. His will was dated Febru- 
ary 15, 1834, and probated August 19, 
1834. He married, at Sutton, May 9, 
1776, Deborah Hall, daughter of Rev. 
David Hall and his wife, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Dr. Jonathan and Rebecca 
(Bulkeley) Prescott, of Concord. His 
widow died at Petersham, September 11, 
1841. Her will was dated March 10, 1841, 
and probated January 4, 1842. The chil- 
dren of Rev. Daniel and Deborah Gros- 
venor were: i. Daniel Bulkeley, born at 
Grafton, August 10, 1777, died 1822; 
married Lucy Williston. 2. Jonathan 
Prescott, mentioned below. 3. Colonel 
David Hall, born at Grafton, November 
30, 1779, died August 10, 1842, aged 
sixty-three ; married (first) at Holden, 
Martha Newton, of Paxton, April 24, 
1804; married (second) Eliza Bigelow 
at Petersham; she died April n, 1835. 
4. Deborah Hall, born at Grafton, De- 
cember 9, 1781 ; married Newton 

at Paxton. 5. Ebenezer Oliver, born at 
Grafton, October 29, 1783, died aged 
eighty-seven ; married Mary Ann Liver- 
more, of Paxton. 6. Lucy Williston, born 
at Grafton, December 8, 1785, died at 
Fond du Lac, Wisconsin, October 13, 
1861 ; married, December 30, 1812, Rev. 
Joel Wright, born in Milford, New Hamp- 
shire, January 26, 1784, died in South 
Hadley Falls, June 8, 1859, graduated at 
Dartmouth College. 7. Ira Rufus, born 
at Grafton, September 10, 1787, died 
young. 8. Elizabeth Sophia, born at 
Grafton, November 25, 1789; married, 
May 9, 1816, Ashbel Goddard, of Peter- 
sham. 9. Rev. Cyrus Pitt, born at Graf- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ton, October 18, 1792, died aged eighty- committee which had the oversight of 

six, January, 1879; graduated at Dart- moving and remodelling the building, 

mouth College, 1818; married (first) For many years he was justice of the 

Sarah W. Warner ; married (second) peace and performed the duties of that 

Howard. 10. Rev. Moses Gill, office which at that time were more im- 

born at Paxton, September 25, 1796, died portant than at the present day. On ac- 

at Worcester, July 24, 1879; graduated count of his judgment and executive 

at Dartmouth College, 1822 ; married ability he was consulted in regard to legal 

(first) February 10, 1830, Sophia Grout, of affairs and was often appointed to settle 



Petersham; married (second) Hannah D. 
Orbison, of Troy, Ohio, August 24, 1865. 

(IX) Jonathan 9 Prescott Grosvenor 
(Daniel 8 , Ebenezer 7 , Ebenezer 6 , John 5 , 
William 4 , William 3 , Richard 2 , William 1 ) 
was born at Grafton, November 30, 1779. 



estates. He was known as "Esquire 
Grosvenor." The house where he lived 
for so many years in Paxton and where 
all of his children were born is still stand- 
ing. He died at Paxton, September n, 
1854, and is buried in the graveyard back 



He married (first) at Holden, April 23, of the church. His will was dated May 
1804, Bethiah Avery, daughter of Rev. 20, 1854, and probated November 7, 1854. 



Joseph and Mary (Allen) Avery. She 
died at Paxton, January 3, 1833. Married 
(second) November 20, 1838, Mrs. Han- 
nah (Brooks) Hoar, of Lincoln, Massa- 
chusetts. She died at Paxton, April 17, 
1848. Married (third) Abigail Kennison. 
He was fourteen years old when his 
father was settled over the church in Pax- 
ton and here he lived until his death. A 
short time before Rev. Daniel Grosvenor 
moved to Petersham he deeded to his 
twin sons, Jonathan Prescott and David 
Hall Grosvenor, a farm on which he had 
lived at Paxton. The two brothers lived 
together in one family for some time after 
their marriage. On June 14, 1814, David 
H. sold his interest to his brother, Jona- 
than P. Jonathan P. remained on the 



His children, all by his first wife, are 
as follows: I. Daniel Prescott, born at 
Paxton, January 23, 1805 ; married (first) 
at Paxton, April 23, 1830, Harriet, daugh- 
ter of Job and Martha Pierce ; she died at 
Paxton, August 15, 1840; he married 
(second) at Salem, Massachusetts, De- 
cember 30, 1843, Lois, daughter of Joseph 
and Elizabeth Knight ; she was born 1801 
and died at Peabody, November 23, 1886; 
he died at Peabody, Massachusetts, Octo- 
ber 5, 1882; he was a school teacher and 
lived in the west for many years. 2. 
Mary Avery, born August 8, 1806, at 
Paxton, died June 20, 1811. 3. Joseph 
Avery, born August 22, 1808, at Paxton, 
died May 30, 1828. 4. Lucy Bethiah, 
born at Paxton, March 10, 1810; married, 



farm until about 1840 when he moved to at Paxton, May 17, 1838, David Manning, 



a house in the center village of Paxton, 
where he lived until his death. 

Mr. Grosvenor was always interested 
in the questions of the day and took an 
active part in town affairs. He served as 
selectman and assessor. He was a mem- 
ber of the convention to revise the Con- 
stitution of Massachusetts in 1820-21. 
When the meeting house was moved 
from the Common to its present location 
about 1835, ne was ^e chairman of the 



son of Jesse Manning and Mary Durrah, 
born April 14, 1812, at Sutton, New 
Hampshire ; he died at Worcester, April 
15, 1890; she died at Worcester, April 7, 
1896. 5. David Hall, born February 25, 
1812, at Paxton, died April 23, 1812. 6. 
Catharine Ann, born at Paxton, March 
n, 1813, died May 28, 1813. 7. Deborah 
Maria, born October 21, 1814, at Paxton, 
died December 22, 1814. 8. Samuel 
Avery, born December 4, 1815, at Pax- 



162 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ton; married (first) October 17, 1844, 
Lois R. Partridge, of Medway; she died 
in Paxton a few days after the birth of 
her daughter, Lois Partridge, who was 
born September 19, 1845; he married 
(second) December 16, 1847, Marianne 
Watson, of Leicester; he died October 
19, 1850; his widow married (second) 
John C. Newton, of Worcester; she was 
born May I, 1815, and died July 6, 1878. 

9. Harriet Newell, see "Kent Family". 

10. Elisabeth Hall, born at Paxton, June 
29, 1820; married, May 18, 1841, at Pax- 
ton, Isaac Davis White, son of Aaron 
and Mary (Avery) White, who was born 
in Boylston, March 20, 1806, and died in 
Brookline, March 10, 1901 ; she died July 
19, 1906. n. Jonathan Bulkeley, born at 
Paxton, April 30, 1822 ; married at Hart- 
ford, Connecticut, October 8, 1856, Sarah 
Jane Latimer, daughter of Elisha and 
Mary Ann (Griswold) Latimer, of Hart- 
ford; she died September 10, 1908, at 
Worcester; he died December 6, 1893, at 
Worcester. 12. Sarah Thaxter, born De- 
cember 9, 1824, at Paxton; married 
Charles W. Rhoads, December 25, 1850; 
died February 13, 1895; their children 
were: Sarah Elisabeth, born at Paxton, 
September 29, 1853, and Emma Sophia, 
born at Paxton, July 9, 1858, died June 
12, 1863. 13. Charles William, born at 
Paxton, February 14, 1827; married at 
Holden, March 21, 1848, Nancy, daughter 
of David and Nancy (Davis) Clapp ; she 
was born at Holden, June i, 1828, and 
died at Leicester, May 10, 1888. 



LEGG, John, 

Prominent Manufacturer. 

According to Patronimica Britannica, 
the authority on derivation of English 
surnames, the surname Legg has three 
different origins. In other words there 
may be three or more families of this 
name having different origins. One is a 



variation of Legh which is traced to 
Thomas de Lega, son of Hugh, son of 
Oswald de Lega de Easthall, extending 
back to the time of the Norman Conquest, 
living at High Legh, County Chester. 
The other variations in spelling Legh are : 
Leighe, Leigh, Leghe, Ligh, Lighe, Lea, 
Leaye, Ley, Leye and Lee. The sign of 
some ancient trader, a leg, came into use 
as the surname of his family, thus ex- 
plaining the origin of the surname Legg 
or Legge as well as Leg, Legg and Legge 
are found in use in ancient records as 
personal names. Fil' Legg is fouund in 
the Hundreds Rolls, a record antedating 
the use of surnames. 

Whatever the origin, however, the sur- 
name of Legg is as old as any in England 
and various branches of the family have 
borne coats-of-arms. The coat-of-arms of 
the Legge family of Wiltshire is des- 
cribed : Azure, a buck's head argent, an 
annulet or. This is a very old armorial 
and is obviously that from which the 
armorial of the Earl and Barons of Dart- 
mouth was derived Azure a buck's head 
cabossed argent. The Legge family of Bil- 
son (Lord Stawell) has the same armorial 
and the motto: En parole je vis. The 
motto of the Earl of Dartmouth is : 
Gaudet tentamine virtus. 

The arms of the Legge family of Kent 
has a different armorial: Or two lions 
counter pass azure. This family was 
seated at Legge, near Tunbridge, and of 
this family was Thomas Legge, Lord 
Mayor of London in 1345, whose descend- 
ant, William Legge, settled in Ireland 
and there married a daughter of Lord 
Bermingham, of Athenry. Another an- 
cient coat-of-arms borne by the Leg and 
Legg families, slightly varied in different 
branches is described: Gules a cross 
engrailed argent a bordure of the last. 
Crest: A fountain of three raisings play- 
ing proper. 

63 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

William and John Legg, presumably a fixed determination to become a woolen 
brothers, born about 1700, were early set- manufacturer, but with characteristic 
tiers in Mendon, Massachusetts. The caution and foresight he began to work 
Legg family of Worcester is descended as a power loom weaver in order to learn 
from the ancient Wiltshire Legges. the business thoroughly. He was pains- 
James Legg was born in Westbury, taking, faithful, industrious, self-denying, 
Wiltshire, England, December 18, 1822. frugal, patient and his career from this 
His father was a weaver. His great- time to the end of his life was steadily 
grandfather had a long and unsuccessful ahead. He settled in Pascoag, Rhode 
contest over an estate in chancery and Island. He was employed for a time in 
while his claim to the property was the mill of John Marsh near Turkeyville. 
fruitless, the relationship to the ancient Thence he went to Graniteville and enter- 
family and his inherited right to the coat- ed the employ of John and Oscar Chase, 
of-arms mentioned above were shown by and in 1861 he became a boss weaver in 
the litigation. His immediate relatives, the woolen mill of Smith & Lapham at 
however, were in humble circumstances Cherry Valley, near Worcester. Two 
and most of them were weavers by trade, years later he became the junior partner 
His early education was limited to in- of the firm of Moriarity, Whitehead & 
struction in the home. It is said that he Legg, which established a profitable busi- 
went to school but one-half day. He ness in the manufacture of woolens at 
learned to operate a hand-loom when very Putnam, Connecticut. In 1865, however, 
young, and early in life developed a he withdrew from the firm to engage in 
special aptitude for designing fancy wool- business on his own account at Maple- 
ens which were then coming into fashion ville in the town of Burrillville, Rhode 
for men's wear. His designs attracted Island. He purchased the mill and was 
the attention of the trade and when successful from the beginning. In 18/0 
hardly more than a boy he became a he nearly lost his life in a fire that de- 
master weaver, making designs for manu- stroyed his mill. Mr. Legg and his 
facturers without compensation other watchman, LaPoint, made an attempt to 
than the weaving of the goods, but so extinguish the fire. LaPoint lost his life 
popular were his designs that he had to and Mr. Legg was dragged from the 
employ a number of weavers. He became mill by Mr. Moies, a colored barber, who 
dissatisfied with conditions in England, was the first to come to the scene of the 
Influenced by the teachings of John disaster. Mr. Legg suffered much from 
Bright and other liberal thinkers he be- burns and from inhaling the smoke. The 
came too democratic to bear the restraints foundation of a new mill had already been 
and exactions of English customs. He laid and in 1872 the new building was 
was ambitious and at a time when many occupied. Business was prosperous and 
Englishmen were coming to America his in some years Mr. Legg cleared over 
attention was attracted by the great and $50.000. The burning of the mill was a 
growing opportunities in this country, severe loss as nearly all the insurance 
About 1848 he visited this country to companies in which he had policies were 
study conditions here, but returned to ruined by the Chicago fire. He shared his 
England and continued in business there prosperity with others and expended 
until 1854. when with his wife and four much money in the improvement of the 
sons he left his old home to make a new village of Mapleville. 
start in the United States. He came with From an obituary notice of Mr. Legg, 

164 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



we quote : "Mapleville is a pretty country 
village, its streets lined with maples, as 
its name suggests. It also abounds in 
fruit trees, almost entirely of his plant- 
ing. On every side are clustered the 
remains of his work or the imprint of his 
thought. His government of the village 
was benevolent and patriarchal, taking in 
every interest." Some five years before 
his death reverses in business came to 
him, largely through his confidence in 
others. He bore up bravely through all 
this painful experience, although in fail- 
ing health, and remained in active busi- 
ness to the end of his life. He was the 
owner of the Worcester Woolen Mills, 
Worcester, Massachusetts. In March, 
1890, the business at Mapleville was in- 
corporated under the name of the Maple- 
ville Woolen Company, of which he was 
president and treasurer at the time of his 
death. Mr. Legg had a beautiful country 
estate at Cottage City and owned valuable 
real estate there. He took great pleasure 
in caring for the grounds about his place, 
in planting vines, shrubs and trees. He 
died at his summer home, August 2, 1890, 
after a brief illness. Interment was at 
Pascoag Cemetery, near Mapleville. 

He married, March 4, 1841, Betsey 
Whatley, in England. She was born in 
England, November 25, 1822. She died 
December 29, 1897, at the home of her 
daughter, Mrs. Fred Haines, at Wilkin- 
sonville, Massachusetts. Children : James, 
born May 8, 1842 ; Caroline, born Febru- 
ary 18, 1844, died October 20, 1844; Jo- 
seph, born June 28, 1845, died at Turkey- 
ville, Rhode Island, December 12, 1854; 
George, born January 24, 1847, died at 
Providence, February 26, 1903; Caroline, 
born March 5, 1850, died April 16, 1850; 
John, born May 28, 1851 ; Caroline, born 
August 8, 1852, died July 10, 1853; Wil- 
liam, born July 16, 1854, at Turkeyville, 
in Burrillville ; Elizabeth, born June 3, 



1856, at Graniteville, Rhode Island; Caro- 
line, born December 30, 1858, at Granite- 
ville ; Alma, born September u, 1860, at 
Graniteville ; Joseph, born December 2, 
1863, at Putnam, Connecticut, died April 
4, 1864; Mary Matilda, born at Putnam, 
February 3, 1865, died at Mapleville, 
October 5, 1865. 

The following tribute to the character 
of Mr. Legg was published at the time 
of his death: "He was a man of sterling 
integrity and one of the best known 
woolen manufacturers of his time. * * 
His manner was quiet and unassuming, 
but those who became intimate with him 
found him jovial and pleasant, warm in 
his friendships, never forgetting a kind- 
ness ; positive in his opinion, frankly ex- 
pressed, never using flattery himself and 
abominating it in others; with a temper 
quick as a flash, with loss of control for 
the moment, under real or fancied provo- 
cation, but a large, liberal, generous 
nature incapable of feelings of malice, 
quick to forget and forgive." Another 
writer says : "He was a man of great 
energy and perseverance. He was very 
set in his way, and when his mind was 
made up it could not be turned. He 
never aspired to any political office and 
never held any in Burrillville. He was 
not a believer in secret societies. Although 
not a member of any church, he gave the 
rent of a hall owned by him and paid 
liberally for the support of preaching." 
In politics he was a Republican. 

John Legg, son of James Legg, was 
born in the parish of Hilperton, near 
Trowbridge, England, May 28, 1851. He 
attended the public schools at Putnam, 
Connecticut, and Mapleville, Rhode 
Island. At the age of eight years he 
began to work in the woolen mill and 
after that age he spent most of his time in 
the mill when not in school. At the age 
of sixteen, he decided to go to college 



165 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

and began to prepare at Lapham Institute the works signed by the employes. The 
at North Scituate, Rhode Island, paying regular force numbers three hundred, 
his expenses from his own savings. But Mr. Legg has divided his time chiefly 
his health was not good, and after nearly among the interests of business, home and 
two years of study he was prevailed upon church. He is a member of Trinity 
by his mother to leave school. He mas- Methodist Episcopal Church and for 
tered all the departments in his father's many years has been a trustee and treas- 
business and in 1874 became superintend- urer. For the support of the church he 
ent of the Mapleville mills. He was has given generously and largely of his 
admitted to partnership by his father and energy and to his personal work the 
became general manager of the Mapleville church owes the payment of a long stand- 
mill and subsequently also general man- ing debt; he was chairman of the com- 
ager of the Worcester Woolen Mills, mittee to raise the funds. He was class 
After the death of his father in 1890, the leader for seventeen consecutive years, 
Worcester business was bought by a cor- and a teacher in the Sunday school from 
poration, consisting of Mr. Legg and three the time he came to Worcester until re- 
others, under the name of the Worcester cently. He has been a member of the 
Woolen Mill Company, of which E. D. executive committee of the Massachu- 
Thayer, Jr., was president ; Charles J. setts Sunday School Association ; also of 
Little was treasurer and Mr. Legg was the International Sunday School Commit- 
manager. The other stockholder and tee ; for several years he was chairman of 
director was W. B. Fay of the firm of the New England Northfield Summer 
Goddard, Fay & Stone, shoe manufac- School of Sunday School Methods ; for 
turers, Worcester. Mr. Legg continued seven years superintendent of Trinity 
as general manager until 1907, when he Sunday school, and for several years 
succeeded Mr. Thayer, and since that president of the Worcester District of the 
time has been president of the company. Massachusetts Sunday School Associ- 
The other officers of the corporation are ation. Mr. Legg has taken an active part 
Frank S. Fay, treasurer, and J. Francis in missionary work. From 1904 to 1911, 
Legg, general manager. The company under the leadership of Mr. Legg, Trinity 
manufactures a great variety of woolen Sunday school showed great growth and 
overcoat and cloak cloth and makes a progress and became one of the very best 
specialty of the cloth used in the uniforms schools in the State and the largest in the 
of the United States army, navy, marines conference. 

and post office mail carriers. The mill Until 1912 Mr. Legg gave his earnest 

is thoroughly modern in equipment and support to the Republican party, though 

management. The neat and attractive he declined all opportunities to enter 

exterior indicates the care and thought public service. In 1912 he joined the 

expended to provide cleanliness, comfort Progressive party and took an active part 

and healthfulness in the work rooms, in completing the organization, serving as 

Two characteristic things may be seen delegate to the State Convention in 1913. 

in the office. One is a striking portrait of He is a member of the Chamber of Com- 

the founder, James Legg; the other is a merce and of the Worcester Country 

memorial thanking Mr. John Legg for an Club. In 1910 Mr. and Mrs. Legg crossed 

increase in wages, reduction in hours and the continent from Worcester, Massachu- 

fraternal interest in those employed at setts, to Los Angeles, California, in an 

166 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

automobile, and then spent six months in and 1911, and is now pastor of Wilbra- 
the Orient and six months in the west ham, Massachusetts, Federalist Church ; 
and northwest and Alaska. married, May 14, 1907, Nellie Blanche 
He married, June 27, 1877 Sarah Cong- Van Ostrand, born November 29, 1880, 
don Fifield, daughter of Dr. Moses and daughter of Henry and Mary L. (Sher- 
Hannah Arnold (Allen) Fifield, of Centre- wood) Van Ostrand; children: Rosa- 
ville, Rhode Island (see Fifield VII). mond Sherwood, born February 6, 1908, 
From 1895 to 1 9 11 ^ rs - Legg was presi- died March 6, 1908; John Gordon, Octo- 
dent of the Ladies' Social Circle of Trinity ber 20, 1909; Gaylord Douglass, July 16, 
Church. In October, 1914, she was 1912. 3. Bessie Whatley, born April 23, 
elected for the twelfth consecutive year 1881, twin of Howard Fifield; graduate 
the president of the New England Branch of the Worcester High School ; studied 
of the Woman's Foreign Missionary So- afterward at Laselle Seminary, Auburn- 
ciety connecte'd with the Methodist dale, and at the New England Conserva- 
church. A large part of her time in recent tory of Music, Boston ; soprano soloist in 
years has been devoted to missionary various Worcester church choirs ; mar- 
and other benevolent work. In 1895 ^ lr - " e d> J u "y 7 I 9 O 3 William Gray Harris. 
Legg built a very artistic and commodious 4. Emma Allen, born at Worcester, De- 
residence at No. 5 Claremont street, and cember n, 1885; educated in the Wor- 
their home became a veritable center of cester public schools ; married, June 16, 
hospitality. In 1912 Mr. Legg's new 1908, Otto Asbury Bushnell, born Octo- 
house on South Lenox street was occu- ber 2, 1880, son of Milo and Addie 
pied. It is beautifully located in Lenox, (Miner) Bushnell; child, Priscilla Bush- 
the new residential park laid out on nell, born May 5, 1909. 5. Helen Bennet, 
Chamberlin Hill. Children: i. John born December 10, 1887, died August I, 
Francis, born at Mapleville, May 23, 1878; 1888. 6. Joseph Willard, born January 
graduate of the Worcester High School; 18, 1889; graduated from the Worcester 
became associated in business with his High School in 1909 and from the Wor- 
father and since 1907 has been general cester Polytechnic Institute in 1915; 
manager of the Worcester Woolen Mill ; member of the honorary societies of Tau 
married (first) July 8, 1901, Mary Emma Beta Pi (T B II) and Sigma Xi (2H). 

Duke, born May 7, 1876, daughter of 

, i , HT" T i- /T-X- i (The Fifield Line). 

Charles and Mary Josephine (Dicken- 

son) Duke; children: Dorathea, born (I) William Fifield. the immigrant 

and died August 7, 1902, and Robert ancestor, came from England in the ship 

Navarre, born November 23, 1906; mar- "Hercules," sailing April 11, 1634. Ac- 

ried (second) November 30, 1911, Frances cording to a deposition that he made 

Louise Sloan, born October 27, 1886, a March 9, 1669, ne was then fifty-five years 

daughter of George Henry and Mary old and therefore was born in 1614. He 

Louise (Moss) Sloan. 2. Rev. Howard settled first at Newbury, Massachusetts, 

Fifield, born at Mapleville, April 23, 1881 ; and in 1639 removed to Hampton, New 

graduated from the Worcester High School, Hampshire. He was admitted a free- 

the Wesleyan University in 1904, and man, June 2, 1641, and died December 18, 

Drew Theological Seminary at Madison, 1700. His wife Mary died November 9, 

New Jersey, in 1907; was pastor of the 1683. Their descendants have been 

Park Avenue Church, Worcester, 1910 numerous in Hampton and various other 

167 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

towns of New Hampshire. Children: ; (second) Hannah Peters. Chil- 

Benjamin, mentioned below ; William, dren by first wife, born at Stratham : 

born February i, 1652; Lydia, January 12, Hannah, March 17, 1734; David, April 3, 

1655; Elizabeth, September 7, 1657; Han- 1736. Children by second wife, recorded 

nah, December 10, 1659; Deborah, Feb- at Concord: Mary, born April i, 1748; 

ruary 6, 1661. Obadiah Peters, August 31, 1749; Wil- 

(II) Benjamin Fifield, son of William Ham,, May 6, 1751, lived at Concord and 
Fifield, was born in 1646, and died August had a son Moses, born October 20, 1786; 

1, 1706. He settled in Hampton half a Hannah, December 21, 1752; Benjamin, 
mile from Dodge Mills on the south road October 4, 1754, settled at Salisbury, New 
to Kensington. He was killed by the Hampshire; Jonathan, August 9, 1756; 
Indians. He married, December 18, 1670, Sarah, July 13, 1758; Paul, August 5, 
Mary, daughter of Edward Colcord. 1760; John, May 20, 1762; Moses, men- 
Children, born at Hampton: John, No- tioned below; David, January 16, 1767; 
vember 21, 1671; Shuah, September 27, Shuah, January 27, 1769. 

1673, died November 14, 1683 ; daughter, (V) Moses Fifield, son of Benjamin 

May 3, 1676; Joseph, March 7, 1677; (2) Fifield, was born at Rumford, August 

Edward, mentioned below; Benjamin, n, 1764. One account says he settled 

February 10, 1682, died 1776; Jonathan, first in Plainfield, New Hampshire. Wil- 

removed to Kingston, descendants at liam and Moses Fifield signed the Asso- 

Weare and Salisbury, New Hampshire; ciation Test in Concord in 1776. Jona- 

Mehitable, April 9, 1687. than Fifield, brother of Benjamin, men- 

(III) Edward Fifield, son of Benjamin tioned above, was in the French and 
Fifield, was born March 27, 1678. He Indian War from Concord in 1754-56. 
settled at Stratham, New Hampshire, and Moses Fifield removed to Unity, New 

married Elizabeth . Children: Hampshire, before 1790. In the census of 

Edward, born February u, 1704; Mary, 1790 he was the only head of family 
October 10, 1705 ; Benjamin, mentioned reported in that town and had a family 
below; Moses, July 30, 1709; Jonathan, of four females, doubtless his wife and 
March 25, 1711; Dorothy, August 23, three daughters. He signed petitions of 
1713; Elizabeth, May 4, 1716; John, No- inhabitants of Unity and Sunapee, No- 
vember 5, 1718; Joseph, September 13, vember 24. 1791, and May 23, 1794. (See 
1721. New Hampshire State Papers ps. 584-85, 

(IV) Benjamin (2) Fifield. son of Ben- vol. XIII). Also a petition dated De- 
jamin (i) Fifield, was born at Stratham, cember 2, 1790 (p. 503). The vital 
October 10, 1707. He was one of the records of Unity do not contain the 
early settlers at Rumford, now Concord, records of birth of his children. He mar- 
New Hampshire. He served in Captain ried Martha West and Lucy Livingston. 
Goffe's Scouts in 1745 and in the com- He had at least three daughters, however, 
pany of Captain John Webster for the and the sons : Moses, mentioned below ; 
protection of Pennycook in 1747 (see John, who died at Unity, August 25, 1870, 
New Hampshire State Papers p. 915, vol. aged seventy-eight years; Samuel, died 
XVI). He signed a petition dated January April 14, 1884, at Bridgewater, New 

2, 1747-48, asking Governor Wentworth Hampshire, aged seventy-seven. 

to furnish a guard for the grist mill at (VI) Rev. Moses (2) Fifield, son of 

Rumford. He married (first) Sarah Moses (i) and Lucy (Livingston) Fifield, 

168 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



was born at Unity, New Hampshire, De- 
cember 7, 1/90, and died at Centreville, 
Rhode Island, April 19, 1859. The fol- 
lowing account of his life was published 
in the "Zion's Herald" in April, 1859: 

Of his conversion I am not able to give any 
account, save that it took place when he was 
about fifteen years of age, and that its soundness 
and thoroughness were satisfactorily evidenced 
by his subsequent life and experience. Impelled 
by the love of Christ and of the souls of his fel- 
lowmen, and by a deep conviction of duty, he 
soon learned to conquer his native diffidence, 
which inclined him to shrink from engaging 
actively in the exercises of the social gatherings 
of the people of God. The attention of the church 
was arrested by the fervor, simplicity and im- 
pressiveness of his prayers and exhortations, so 
that in due time he was licensed to preach, was 
"thrust out" to labor in the Lord's vineyard. He 
was admitted to the itinerant ranks as a proba- 
tioner, in connection with the New England Con- 
ference in 1816 and stationed in the Sandwich 
circuit. The following year he was stationed on 
the Harwich circuit and at the following confer- 
ence was admitted into full connection, ordained 
deacon by Bishop George, and reappointed to the 
Harwich circuit. In 1819 he was stationed in 
Providence; at the conference of 1820 was or- 
dained elder by Bishop George and was stationed 
that year and the following in Springfield, Massa- 
chusetts; in 1822 and 1823 on the Ellington and 
Warehouse Point circuit and in 1824 on the Tol- 
land circuit. Here his health, which had always 
been infirm, and had often rendered his minis- 
terial labors exceedingly painful, completely gave 
way, and obliged him at the following session of 
the Conference to ask for a superannuate rela- 
tion. From this time his name was always found 
either on the superannuated or supernumerary list 
of his conference, as he never sufficiently re- 
covered his health to allow him to resume the 
labors and responsibilities of an effective relation. 

Trained from boyhood to habits of industry, 
self-reliance and economy, Father Fifield now di- 
rected his attention to secular pursuits, for the 
support of his family. Divine Providence smiled 
upon his efforts and kindly opened his way before 
him, so that he ultimately became located in War- 
wick, Rhode Island, where he continued to reside, 
respected and beloved by the entire community, 
until removed to his heavenly home. In Novem- 
ber, 1828, he was elected cashier of the Centre- 
ville Bank, and entered upon the duties of his 

169 



office the following month. In 1845 he was elected 
treasurer of the \Varwick Institution for Savings. 
Both of these offices he continued to hold to the 
entire satisfaction of the respective corporations, 
until January, 1857, when his increasing infirmities 
compelled him to retire from them. But though 
thus engaged in secular business, his interest in 
the cause of Christ, and especialy in the church of 
his early choice, waned not. Upon his removal to 
Centreville, he found a small class, which was 
regularly visited by the circuit preachers. With 
this little band he at once identified himself, and 
entered upon the series of labors and sacrifices 
which ended only with his life; to which under 
God, very much of the present position and pros- 
perity of the Methodist Episcopal Church of that 
place is to be attributed. So long as he was able 
he loved to preach the gospel. He took an active 
interest in the Sabbath school, and in the social 
meetings of the church was ever ready to con- 
tribute his part to render them interesting and 
useful, and especially rejoiced when he could 
weep with the weeping, penitent or rejoice with 
the new-born convert. 

Prudent, yet liberal and cheerful in his pecuni- 
ary contributions, the amount of the church's in- 
debtedness to him will not be known until the 
great day reveals all secret things. Father Fifield 
was a very great sufferer. He commenced in 
boyhood a life of pain, which increased in severity 
and constancy with his advance in years. He has 
often told me that for years he had scarcely 
known a moment in which he was free from 
suffering; while at times, and indeed a large pro- 
portion of the time, these sufferings were most 
excruciating. Rest and sleep could usually be 
secured only by means of opiates. Yet, who ever 
heard him complain of the severity of the Divine 
administration towards him? His constant prayer 
was for patience, for grace to endure all the will 
of God ; and his prayer was answered. 

His Christian experience during the two years 
of my acquaintance with him was usually very 
clear and satisfactory. As his strength declined 
and it became evident to himself and others that 
enfeebled nature was with increasing rapidity 
yielding to the power of disease, his experience 
became increasingly rich and glorious. At times, 
his joys seemed almost too ecstatic for his feeble 
frame to endure, and it would seem that his happy 
spirit would burst the frail tabernacle which im- 
prisoned it, and fly away to its home and its God. 
Sometimes he was severely buffeted by the adver- 
sary and maintained faithful and protracted con- 
flicts with powers of darkness. Usually, how- 
ever, his "peace was as a river" and he con- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

templated his approaching deliverance from offices and continued in practice to the 

human pains and infirmities with great joy. So end o f his life. He died April 9, 1900. 

long as strength continued, he discoursed sweetly Df> Fifidd ^ & & thirt Qnd de 
upon the religion of Christ, recommending it to 

the impenitent, encouraging and exhorting the Mason. He was a member of the Rhode 

lovers of Christ to fidelity, and in songs and Island Medical Society and of the Ameri- 

shouts giving utterance to praise and to grateful can Medical Association. An obituary 

joy. Thus died a good man; one whose virtues no tice published at the time of his death 

far outweighed his frailties, leaving behind him sa ; d o f him ' 
in the family circle, the church and the business 

and neighborhood circles in which he moved, a 

* , , . . , , Dr. Fifield was one of those people who had 

holy savor, which will not soon be lost. ... 

something to do in this world and did it. .Now 

-rj . , ,, , ~ .. that he rests from his labors, the world in which 

He married, March ;, 1820. Lena , , . , . 

he moved misses his energy and pays tribute to 

Knight, born May 27, 1786, daughter of his worth _ He was one of ose few men who 

Robert and Elizabeth Knight (see could adapt themselves to a large number of those 

Knight). She died July 31, 1874. Chil- interests which touch the world at large, ally him- 

dren : I. Annah, born' March 29, 1822, self to them ' and assist in the responsibilities and 

i- j T 1 j T 1 duties connected with their management, in the 

died July 10, 1877; married, Julv i, 1841, . , . . 

. family, in the church, in fraternal organizations, 

Samuel Almoran Bnggs, merchant, of in his practice; in banking and in business, he 

Providence. 2. Moses, mentioned below. found his place and capably filled it. 
3. Jane, born January 5, 1826, died August 

15, 1893; married, October 24, 1853, He married (first) May 24, 1846, Han- 
Edward Burlingame, of Providence. 4. nah Arnold Allen, born February 9, 1824, 
Mary, born March 13, 1828, died unmar- died January 8, 1898, daughter of Chris- 
ried, July 8, 1905. topher and Sarah (Congdon) Allen. He 
(VII) Dr. Moses (3) Fifield, son of married (second) February 19, 1899, 
Rev. Moses (2) Fifield. was born De- Abbie F. Tillinghast, widow of Samuel 
cember 23, 1823, at Warehouse Point, Tillinghast and daughter of Marcus 
Connecticut. He received his education Lyon. Children: i. Moses, born July 
in the public schools of Centreville, Wes- 17, 1847; married, November 6, 1873, 
leyan Academy at Wilbraham, Massa- Anna Leora Stone, born October 10, 1850; 
chusetts, and the East Greenwich (Rhode their daughter, Mary Emeline, was born 
Island) Seminary. He began to study March 25. 1875, school teacher in Provi- 
medicine in the offices of Doctors George dence a number of years, married George 
and Charles W. Fabyan, of Providence, H. Brownell and has a son, Allen Fifield, 
and was graduated in medicine at the and daughter Edith. 2. Henry Allen, 
University of New York in 1846. He born November 16, 1850, in Little Comp- 
practiced medicine in Fall River, Massa- ton; now with the B. B. & R. Knight 
chusetts, and Little Compton, Rhode Mills ; married, November 16, 1871, Lizzie 
Island, until 1852, when he succeeded to Preston Bennet ; children: i. Edith Wal- 
the practice of Dr. J. M. Keith at Ports- cott, born February 6, 1874, married, No- 
mouth, Rhode Island. In August, 1856, vember 16, 1899, Allan McNab, Jr., super- 
four years later, on account of the illness intendent of the Knight Mills ; children : 
of his father, he removed to Centreville in Donald Fifield, born July 30, 1900, died, 
Warwick, to attend his father, and he September 18, 1900; Allan Douglas, born 
succeeded him as cashier of the Centre- February 6, 1902 ; Elizabeth Walcott, 
ville Bank and treasurer of the Warwick born and died July 5, 1903 ; Helen Pres- 
Institution for Savings. He held these ton, born August 26, 1905. ii. Henry 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

Livingston, born November 24, 1878, Alary Congdon, daughter of Benjamin 

graduate of the Worcester Polytechnic and Phebe (Bailey) Congdon; children: 

Institute in 1903, now engineer at the Phebe Anna, born July 12, 1834, died 

Chicago Terminal ; married, December 21, September 30, 1863 ; Almira, December 2, 

1905, Bessie May Pardo. 3. Sarah Cong- 1835, died March, 1880; Eliza, March 24, 

don, born March 14, 1856; married John 1838, died May 20, 1858; Charles Dyer, 

Legg (see Legg). March 5, 1841, died December 30, 1842; 

(The Alien Line). Hannah, April 22, 1842 ; Mary, November 

15, 1845; Charles, July 19, 1848, died May 

(I) Matthew Allen, the immigrant 27, 1913 ; Matthew, April 27, 1851 ; Chris- 
ancestor, came from England to Dart- topher, August 15, 1854. 4. Matthew, 
mouth, Bristol county, Massachusetts, born November 29, 1799, died in 1833. 
and remained there for several years. In 5. Benjamin, born January 7, 1802. 6. 
1712 he bought a tract of land in North Hannah Dyer, born February 22, 1804; 
Kingstown, Rhode Island, and settled married John H. Gardiner; children: 
upon it. He married (first) Elizabeth Mary Howland Gardiner; Samuel Dyer 

-. He married (second) in 1729, Gardiner; Charles Carroll Gardiner. 7. 

Martha Ford, of Newport, Rhode Island. George, born February 24, 1806, died 

Children of Matthew and Elizabeth January 27, 1807. 8. Lucy Ann, born 

Allen: Rose, born September 24, 1701; April 28, 1808. 9. George Washington, 

Caleb, February 27, 1704; Benjamin, born January 9, 1810. 10. William Henry, 

mentioned below; Joshua, August 19, born December 28, 1811, married Mary 

1710; Elizabeth, June 20, 1713. Wilcox Greene, daughter of James 

(II) Benjamin Allen, son of Matthew Greene ; children : Samuel Dyer and Wil- 
Allen, was born April 21, 1707. He mar- \{ am Henry, n. Samuel Dyer, born 
ried a daughter of Jeffrey Watson. Chil- July 31, 1814. 

dren: Matthew, mentioned below ; Chris- (V) Christopher Allen, son of Samuel 

topher, married Sarah Mitchell; Hannah, Dyer Allen, was born February 15, 1795, 

married, March, 1750, Nicholas Northup, an d died August 10, 1848. He married 

Jr. Sarah Congdon, daughter of Benjamin 

(III) Matthew (2) Allen, son of Ben- an d Phebe (Bailey) Congdon. Children: 
jamin Allen, was captain-lieutenant of a j. Mary Emmeline, born August 28. 1821, 
company in a regiment from, Newport and died June u, 1846. 2. Hannah Arnold, 
Bristol counties, 1775. He died in 1799. born February 9, 1824, died January 8, 
He married Hannah Dyer, of a famous 1898; married Dr. Moses Fifield (see 
old Rhode Island family. Children: Sam- Fifield). 3. Benjamin Congdon, born 
uel Dyer, mentioned below ; Penelope ; June 27, 1826, died March 20, 1880. 4. 
Hannah, born 1769, married Oliver Ar- Samuel Dyer, born October 19, 1829, died 
nold, of Exeter, Rhode Island. August 20, 1837. 5. Crawford, born 

(IV) Samuel Dyer Allen, son of Mat- April 19, 1833, died March 8, 1863. 
thew (2) Allen, was born November 21, 

(The Congdon Line). 
1764, died April 8, 1828. He married 

Joanna Eldred, daughter of James Eldred. It is an old family tradition that Ben- 
Children : i. Christopher, mentioned be- jamin Congdon, mentioned below, came 
low. 2. Penelope, born August 28, 1796. to this country with his brother John, 
3. Charles, born March 4, 1798; married who settled in New Jersey, and that their 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



father's name was John and that their Penelope, Benjamin, Samuel, William, 



mother was a daughter of the Earl of 
Pembroke. In support of this story, it is 
claimed that Benjamin was born in Pem- 
brokeshire. Wales, near St. David's and 
the coat-of-arms in use by his descendants 
bears this inscription : "The ancient 
family of Congdon of Willerby. in York- 

of 



John, Elizabeth, Martha, Margaret. By 
second wife : Ephraim, Dorcas, Joseph. 
By third wife : Robert, Susanna, Phebe. 

(Ill) James (2) Congdon, son of 
James (i) Congdon, was born at Kings- 
town, November 27, 1707. He married 
at North Kingstown, March 30, 1/31, 
Mary Vaughn. Children, born at North 
Kingstown: Elizabeth. August 26, 1732; 



shire, descended out of Wales, now 
Rhode Island.'' 

(I) Benjamin Congdon, the immigrant John, mentioned below. There may have 
ancestor, was born about 1650, and settled been other children. 

as early as 1671 in Portsmouth, Rhode t IV) John Congdon, son of James (2) 
Island. He bought 230 acres of land in Congdon, was born at North Kingstown, 
Kingstown, Rhode Island, September 20, May 5, 1734. He married (first) March 

25, 1752, Mary Reynolds, daughter of 
John Reynolds ; (second) October 22, 
1770, Mrs. Naomi Tew, of Jamestown, 
was a planter at Portsmouth and he was Rhode Island; (third) March 8, 1778, 
one of the eighteen purchasers of 7,000 Abigail Carr, of Jamestown. Children by 

first wife : James, born November 23, 
1753: Hannah, March 4, 1755; John, 
March 23. 1757; Hewy, July 24, 1759; 
Jonathan, July 9, 1761 ; Benjamin, men- 



1671, and removed thither a few years 
later. He was admitted a freeman of the 
Rhode Island colony in 1677. In 1683 he 



acres of "vacant" land in Narragansett 



in 1710. He married Elizabeth Albro, 

who died November 15, 1720, daughter of 

John and Dorothy Albro. Benjamin 

Congdon died June 17. 1718. Children: 

William, lived and died at North Kings- Mary. July 31, 1766; Elizabeth, August 

town: Benjamin; John; James, men- 17. 1768. By second wife: Azariah and 



tioned below; Joseph, April 18, 1765; 



tioned below ; Elizabeth ; Susanna. 

(II) James Congdon, son of Benjamin 
Congdon. was born April 19. 1686. He 
resided at Kingstown, Providence and 
Charlestown, Rhode Island. He was 
admitted a freeman in 1720; was a mem- 
ber of the town council in 1731, 1732, 
1733 and 1734: moderator of town meet- 
ings in 1745, 1747. 1748. 1749 and 1750; 
ratemaker in 1746 and 1748. He died 
September 27, 1757. He married (first) 
Margaret Eldred. daughter of Samuel and 
Martha (Knowles) Eldred ; (second) No- 
vember 15, 1729. Dorcas Westcott, daugh- 
ter of Benjamin and Bethiah (Gardiner) 
Westcott ; (third) Mary (Taylor) Hoxsie, 
widow of Joseph Hoxsie and daughter of 
Robert and Deborah Taylor. Children 
by first wife : James, mentioned below ; 



J. Naomi, twins, born June 18, 1771 ; Wil- 
liam, January I, 1773; Oliver, April 15, 
1775; Mary, March 15. 1777. By third 
wife: Abigail, December 2, 1778; Carey, 
October 21, 1780; Gideon, February 9, 
1783; Peleg, October 9, 1784. 

(V) Benjamin (2) Congdon, son of 
John Congdon, was born May 9, 1763. 
He married Phebe Bailey. Among their 
children was Sarah who married Chris- 
topher Allen (see Allen line). 

(The Knight Line). 

(I) Richard Knight, the first of the 
family in this country, was an early 
settler at Newport, Rhode Island. In 
1648-49 he was keeper of the prison, and 
in 1648-49-50-53-54-57-58 was general 
He was admitted a freeman in 



sergeant. 



172 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1655, and was water bailiff in 1658. In 
1663 he bought lands in Narragansett 
with Henry Hall and their lands were 
known as the Hall and Knight Purchase. 
He and forty-seven others were granted, 
October 13, 16/7, a hundred acres each in 
a plantation to be called East Greenwich. 
Richard Knight died in 1680 at Newport. 
He married, in 1648, Sarah Rogers, 
daughter of James and Mary Rogers. 
Children : John, Jonathan, mentioned 
below; David. 

(II) Jonathan Knight, son of Richard 
Knight, was admitted a freeman, April 
30, 1678. In 1693 he had two hundred 
acres laid out to him in the Hall and 



Robert and Mercy Knight : Ruth, Mercy, 
Zilpha, Mary, Freelove, Robert, men- 
tioned below; Anne, born 1760, married 
Joseph Potter, and had Alonzo, who be- 
came bishop of Pennsylvania, and whose 
son, Henry Codman Potter, was bishop of 
New York. 

(V) Robert (3) Knight, son of Robert 
(2) Knight, was born June 12, 1750, and 
died July 31, 1823. He married, in No- 
vember, 1768, Elizabeth Hammond, born 
May 6, 1750, died August 24, 1845, daugh- 
ter of Captain Amos Hammond, who 
raised and commanded a company of 
soldiers in the French and Indian War 
and afterward in the Revolution, taking 



Knight Purchase. In 1695 he removed to part in the engagement at Crown Point. 
Providence, in 1704 he was deputy to the Robert Knight served during all of the 
General Assembly. He was lieutenant 
and afterward captain. He died June 25, 



1717. He married Hannah . Chil- 
dren : Hannah, Jonathan, Richard, 



Revolutionary War in the Captain Gen- 
eral's Cavaliers, the crack company of the 
State, and was in the battle of Rhode 
Island. Robert and Elizabeth Knight had 
twenty-two children, eleven of whom 
died in infancy, their names unrecorded. 
Children, born at Cranston: i. Rebecca, 
born November 4, 1769, died May 4, 1855 5 
married Cyrus Potter. 2. Lavinia, born 



Robert, mentioned below ; Joseph. 

(III) Robert Knight, son of Jonathan 
Knight, was admitted a freeman in 1720. 
In 1736 he was a deputy to the General 
Assembly and was called captain. He 

died in 1771, leaving a will. He married, December 8, 1770, died October 31, 1841 ; 
July 21, 1721, Mary Potter, daughter of married John Greene. 3. Nehemiah, born 
John and Jane (Burlingame) Potter. She April 13, 1774, died June 19, 1842; mar- 
was a great-granddaughter of Robert 
Potter, one of the founders of Warwick. 
Children : Edward, William, Robert, 
mentioned below ; Charles, Joseph, Mary, 
Esther, Ruth and Patience. 

(IV) Robert (2) Knight, son of Robert 
(i) Knight, was born in September, 1721, 
and died April 18, 1791. He married, Au- 



ried Loruhamah Burton. 4. Elizabeth, 
born September 15, 1778, died April 19, 
: 795- 5- Stephen, born May 13, 1780, 
died October i, 1848; married Esther 
Burton. 6. Robert, born May 22, 1782, 
died December 5, 1862; married Sophia 
Sheldon. 7. Amelia, born January i, 



1784, died April 13, 1854; married Stephen 
gust 29, 1742, Mercy Gorton, born July Burlingame. 8. Celia, born May 27, 1786, 
4, 1722, died October i, 1809, daughter of died July 31, 1874; married, March 5, 1820, 
John and Mercy (Mathewson) Gorton Rev. Moses Fifield (see Fifield). 9. Amos, 
and great-great-granddaughter of Samuel 
Gorton, one of the Warwick men taken to 
Boston in 1643 f r resisting the authority 
of Massachusetts in Rhode Island, one of 
the leaders of the colony. Children of 

173 



born July 24, 1788, died April 12, 1806. 

10. Annah, born March i, 1790, died June 
13, 1813; married Samuel Burlingame. 

11. Thomas, born April 13, 1792, died 
January 3. 1869; married Betsey Fenner. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

MATTHEWS, David A., daughter Sarah married Daniel Cronin, 

Chief of Police of Worcester. constable at the Suffolk county court- 
house. Children of George Robert Mat- 
Richard Matthews was a native of thews: i. Richard, born August 30, 1842, 
County Galway, Ireland, where he lived was for many years foreman of the Bay 
and died. Children : Richard, settled in State Shoe Company and chairman of the 
Hopkinton, Massachusetts ; George Rob- board of registrars, Worcester ; died Au- 
ert, mentioned below ; Jane, married Wil- gust 30, 1913, at Worcester; married 
Ham Smith, lived in Boston; Mary, mar- Mary Maloney; had eight children; his 
ried John Johnston and resided in Boston, son George has been for some years teller 
The father of Richard Matthews was a of the Merchants' National Bank. 2. 
sergeant major in the British army and Robert Francis, born May 5, 1845, died 
fought at Bunker Hill in the Revolution, in \Vorcester in 1907; enlisted in the 
in the Connaught Rangers. Third Massachusetts Battery and served 
(II) George Robert Matthews, son of from 1863 to the end of the Civil War in 
Richard Matthews, was born April i, the Army of the Potomac being a corporal 
1815, in Aurham, County Galway. He at the time he was mustered out; for 
received an excellent education in his thirty years a police officer of Worcester ; 
native town, and at the age of seventeen married Mary Mahoney and had four chil- 
left home and came to Nova Scotia, dren Dr. George William, graduate of 
whither his sister had preceded him. Not the Medical School, University of Penn- 
long afterward, however, he removed to sylvania ; served in the Spanish W T ar and 
Boston, where he learned the trade of entered the regular army ; was regimental 
machinist. Afterward he became a shoe- surgeon with the rank of captain, a major 
maker. From, 1857 to 1860 he lived at by brevet ; contracted malaria during his 
Southborough, Massachusetts. During service in the Philippines and died in 
the next five years he resided at West 1908 in the Worcester City Hospital ; 
Boylston, Worcester county. From 1865 Eleanor, a school teacher, married Dr. 
to the end of his life he lived in Worcester, John A. Dolan ; Margaret, a school 
where he died at the age of eighty-four teacher in Worcester ; Dr. Robert, a grad- 
years. He was of a Protestant family, a uate of the University of Pennsylvania, 
communicant of the Church of England, practicing at No. 22 Portland street, 
In politics he was a Democrat. Worcester, residing with his mother at 
He married, in Boston, October, 1840, No. 91 Elm street. 3. David A., men- 
Margaret Deering, who was born in tioned below. 4. Jane, born in 1849, now 
Ulster, in the north of Ireland, in 1824, living in Cambridge, Massachusetts, un- 
and died in Worcester, in 1897. She and married. 5. William, born in 1851 ; lives 
her parents were communicants of the in St. Louis, manager. 6. Thomas Fran- 
Roman Catholic church. Her father, cis, born in 1853 ; a traveling salesman, 
James Deering, was born in Bally- residing in St. Louis, Missouri; mar- 
shannon, County Donegal, and came to ried Nellie and has two chil- 

this country when a young man. Of the dren, Joseph and Irene. 7. George. 8. 

children of James Deering, Rose, mar- John, died in 1894; a shoemaker by trade, 

ried Charles McClellen, a carpenter ; John resided in Worcester. 9. Mary, died at 

Deering, who for many years was em- St. Louis, unmarried. 10. Margaret, born 

ployed at the Boston Museum, whose June, 1857; married William L. Mason, 

1/4 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



who was a locomotive engineer on the 
Boston & Albany Railroad, resided at No. 
4 Orient street, Worcester; died April, 
1914; their son, George R. Mason, is a 
bookkeeper at the Reed-Prentice factory, 
and Harold is a student at Dartmouth 
College, class of 1917. n. Joseph, born 
at West Boylston, a machinist ; married 
Mary Kelly ; children : George, foreman 
at the north works of the American Steel 
& Wire Company ; John, bookkeeper for 
the American Brewing Company, Boston ; 
William, served in the Thirteenth United 
States Cavalry in the Philippines. 12. 
Sarah, died in early life at West Boylston. 
(Ill) Captain David A. Matthews, son 
of George Robert Matthews, was born in 
Boston, March 7, 1847. He attended the 
public schools in Southborough and, fol- 
lowing the custom of the times, began 
when a mere lad to make shoes in West 
Boylston and Worcester. He was em- 
ployed in finishing shoes in the old Timo- 
thy Stone shoe factory, which stood on 
the present site of the Worcester post 
office. At the age of sixteen, however, 
he enlisted in Boston as a private in the 
Third Massachusetts Battery, Light Ar- 
tillery, under Captain A. P. Martin, after- 
ward mayor of Boston and chairman of 
the Boston police commissioners. His 
brother, Robert Francis, enlisted in the 
same command and both were fortunate 
in escaping wounds and disease. Neither 
was off duty for any reason and they took 
part in all the campaigns and engage- 
ments of that hard-fighting battery in the 
Fifth Army Corps of General Grant, tak- 
ing part in the battles of the Wilderness, 
Spottsylvania, North Anna River, Laurel 
Hill, Cold Harbor, W r eldon Railroad, 
Hatcher's Run, Five Forks, and the siege 
of Petersburg and being present at Lee's 
surrender. David A. was discharged with 
the rank of corporal, June 12, 1865, and 
returned to Worcester. He found em- 



ployment at his trade as shoe finisher 
in a West Boylston factory where he 
worked until he enlisted again, June 4, 
1867, in Troop E, Eighth United States 
Cavalry, at Boston. With four hundred 
men he went from Carlisle barracks to 
New York City, where they embarked on 
the steamship "Arizona," bound for the 
Isthmus of Panama. At that time the 
trip across the isthmus required an entire 
day. The trip on the Atlantic was very 
rough, the stay on the isthmus uncom- 
fortable, but the trip from Panama to 
San Francisco on the ship "Constitution" 
was a pleasing contrast. Arriving in San 
Francisco, July 13, the command was 
drilled for a time at Camp Angel Island, 
but soon afterward the men were sent 
to various sections on the western fron- 
tier. Mr. Matthews \vas assigned to 
Company E, Eighth Cavalry, which went 
northward to the Columbia river, four 
hundred miles, landing at Portland, 
Oregon, and proceeding thence to Fort 
Vancouver, Washington territory. Here 
was an old Hudson Bay Company trad- 
ing post with an Indian school. Thence 
the company went to Fort Lapwai, Idaho, 
through the wilderness, and spent the 
winter. The Nez Perces Indians in this 
section were prosperous and peaceful. In 
the spring the company returned to San 
Francisco and soon afterward was ordered 
to Arizona. They sailed to Wilmington 
harbor and landed in the old town of San 
Pedro, twenty-two miles from Los An- 
geles, which was then a village of adobe 
houses, and spent two weeks preparing 
for the "march of three hundred miles in 
July, 1868. The company was stationed 
at Fort Mojave on the Arizona side of the 
Colorado river. The Indians were hostile. 
They had been robbing wagon trains and 
murdering settlers, and in order to pro- 
tect travelers Camp Willow Grove was 
established on the Indian trail, a distance 



175 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

of eighty miles from the fort. Here Cap- ing water supplies and was repeatedly 
tain Matthews spent the fall and winter commended for his persistence in the face 
in this camp. An outpost was established of danger and suffering. Throughout the 
April first at Tollgate, halfway between hazardous service against the crafty In- 
Willow Grove and Prescott. At that time dians, Mr. Matthews continued fortunate 
Richard McCormack was governor of m escaping wounds and death. Cam- 
Arizona. In April, 1869, Mr. Matthews paigning under the most difficult and try- 
was sent to the outpost in charge of a de- | n g conditions seemed to toughen rather 
tachment carrying provisions. When t h an weaken his constitution, which was 
halfway on the return trip, Corporal Mat- naturally vigorous and robust. The story 
thews was attacked by a band of Indians, o f his Indian campaigns while a cavalry- 
who were armed with bows and arrows. man WO uld make an interesting volume. 
A mule was killed, a trooper was wound- Qn various occasions he was commended 
ed, the coffee pot was punctured and f or ac t s of bravery under fire. He took 
wagons and saddles bristled with arrows. p ar t { n the capture of two Indian en- 
A few volleys from the rifles of the cav- campments or rancharios in 1868 and the 
alrymen silenced the attack. Corporal story of these attacks alone would fur- 
Matthews gave orders to break camp and n } s h details for a most absorbing narra- 
by a shrewd detour avoided an ambush t i ve He was honorably discharged June 
of the Indians at Fort Rock in a canyon ^ 1872, at Fort Wingate, whence he pro- 
through which his command had to pass, ceeded to Santa Fe and thence homeward. 
The troops were constantly engaged in j^e came home with Wilbur N. Taylor, 
scouting for Indians. The Apaches in w h o enlisted at the same time and rose 
this section were constantly marauding f rom t h e rank of corporal to first ser- 
under Cochise, afterward big chief of the g ea nt in Company K, while Mr. Matthews 
tribe. Company E and two other com- rose f rom corporal to first sergeant in 
panics were stationed afterward at Camp Company E. Sergeant Matthews was 
Toll Gate, and in 1869 and 1870 were awar ded a Congressional medal of honor 
engaged in protecting settlers and wagon f or acts o { bravery in the service. Fol- 
trains. One of the regular duties in which i ow i n g i s a copy of an official report of 
Corporal Matthews took part was in \villi am Redwood Price, Brevet Colonel, 
carrying the mail by night from Camp Major, commanding Eighth Cavalry: 
Willow Grove to Maharve. In the spring 

of 1870 his regiment exchanged posts December 15, 1868. Headquarters District of 

with the Third Cavalry at Fort Wingate, Upper Colorado, Camp Majarve, Arizona Terri- 

.... . T ,. tory. On the morning of the tenth, shortly after 

New Mexico. His company was em- ^.^ jn the ^^ of Walker>s Spring in the 

ployed in protecting the engineers who Aquario us Range with fifteen dismounted men on 

were laying out the route of the Atlantic a high and rocky mountain, I surprised a ran- 

& Pacific Railroad from, Albuquerque on charia containing about twenty Indians. On the 

the Rio Grande to the "Needles" on the thirteenth surprised another rancharia, etc 

. . ~, ,-rc i, * Corporal Matthews of Company E. and* 

Colorado river. The most difficult part ^ ^rp ^.^ ^ ^ ^^ ^ ga] _ 

of this duty was to locate the springs and Jantry Jn these fights> although all the men be- 

"tanks" where camps could be pitched. haved remarkably. 
The trails were abandoned, the maps un- 
reliable and at times water was discov- In a supplement to the report to Colo- 

ered in the nick of time. Corporal Mat- nel Price, dated July 4, 1869, ten days 
thews was in charge of detachments seek- later, Captain S. B. M. Young mentions 

176 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the names of non-commissioned officers 
and privates conspicuous for great brav- 
ery and among them was Corporal Mat- 
thews. The medal of honor was sent 
from Washington, September 21, 1869, by 
the Secretary of War, and was pinned 
upon Captain Matthews breast by Gen- 
eral A. J. Alexander, the post commander, 
at company parade about three months 
later. Among the letters that Captain 
Matthews has preserved is one from Ma- 
jor Price : 

Headquarters Troops Operating 
in South New Mexico, Fort Stanton. 
November 25th, 1873. 
Mr. David A. Matthews ; 

My dear Sir : It gives me pleasure to acknowl- 
edge the receipt of your letter of Aug. 2Oth and to 
bear testimony of your good conduct and soldier- 
ly bearing when first sergeant of E Co. 8th Ca- 
valry under my command, in several Indian en- 
gagements while scouting in Arizona particularly 
attracted my attention. Wishing you all success 
possible, I remain, etc. 

With his old commanding officer, Colo- 
nel Young, who was afterward prominent 
in the Spanish War and eventually at the 
head of the United States army, Captain 
Matthews has maintained a friendly cor- 
respondence. Some of the letters of Gen- 
eral Young give interesting anecdotes of 
the Indian campaigns. In a letter dated 
February 17, 1893, General Young wrote: 

I was very much pleased with receipt of your 
letter. I remember well the circumstances you 
mention while on a scout with me, when your 
horse was shot by an Indian, who was armed 
only with bow and arrows. You were eager to 
dispatch him and although I had put a bullet 
through his thigh with my sporting rifle and I 
believe you had put one through his arm with 
your revolver he still had strength to drive an 
arrow into the heart of your horse as you gal- 
loped up to him. My remembrance is that you 
finished him with your revolver while your horse 
which dropped dead held your leg fast under his 
body. (Captain Matthews was slightly wounded 
in the leg by an arrow.) We returned to camp in 



the Hassi Yampa Valley that night where we re- 
ceived supplies brought out from Date Creek 
under escort of a detachment commanded by 
Lieutenant Carrick. After shoeing our bare- 
footed animals the next morning we again as- 
cended the plateau to the spot where we killed 
the Indian (Apache) and discovered his charred 
remains, where his people had burned his body. 
We then tried to trail them to the northwest, but 
they had scattered so that it was impossible to do 
so with any hope of success. We killed two or 
three men, but on our homeward march, you re- 
member, I trusted to my compass, ignoring the 
guide as far as choosing my own direction, although 
the guide, Dan O'Leary, was an excellent man to 
have along for consultation and advise and also 
for trailing. Yet when we did not agree as to the 
best route and there was no trail to follow my 
prismatic compass which I always carried was my 
guide and it never failed me and thus it was that 
my early experience and practical engineering as 
assistant to Colonel Hutchinson in the Pennsyl- 
vania Central Railroad proved of great value. 

General Young wrote October 7, 1897: 

I thank you very much for your congratulations 
and kind wishes on my promotion. It is a grati- 
fication to be assured of the love and respect of 
all good soldiers whom I had the honor to com- 
mand in battle during our great war, 1861-5. 

In a letter from Havana, Cuba, March 
31, 1907, General Young wrote: 

I remember well the incident you relate of the 
Indian stealing a horse from the shed stable of 
your troop and of our long attempt to trail him 
the next night. The work we did in Arizona and 
afterward in New Mexico and Texas was a most 
beneficial experience for me and contributed 
largely to my success in the Philippines. The 
little brown men against whom we fought in 
those islands were completely surprised by the 
long night marches and flank movements of my 
cavalry and my infantry scouts. They spent great 
labor in building breastworks and fortifying 
mountain passes and then were astonished and 
demoralized because I didn't send my troops to 
attack them directly in front where they surely 
expected any attack to be delivered. We had 
some hard, rough and uncomfortable work in 
Luzon, but our foes were not so wily as the 
American Indians of Arizona, New Mexico and 
Texas. Yes, I know Dr. Matthews very well and 



MASS Vol IV-12 



177 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



liked him too, but did not know until receipt of 
your letter that he was related to you. It is 
always a pleasure to hear of and from my soldiers 
and to learn of their success in life. 

In a letter dated April 16, 1910, General 
Young wrote : 

My Dear Sergeant: I call you sergeant because 
you were a sergeant and one of the best soldiers 
that ever served in my command. I am always 
glad to hear from you and from all my old com- 
mand. I had a letter to-day from a sergeant who 
served through the Civil War in my regiment of 
volunteers in which he gave me the names of 84 
men who had served in the old 4th Pennsylvania 
Veteran Volunteer Cavalry of which I became 
colonel during the war, many of them being 
familiar names to me. The days of our Indian 
work in Arizona and New Mexico, although as 
you say, were trying times, like you I certainly 
enjoyed them and like you would not exchange 
my experience for anything nowadays. It was 
such experience that brought me success in our 
late war with Spain and I attribute to the open 
air mountain life that we enjoyed in those days 
my good health of to-day at the age of seventy. 
I remember very well the vagaries of that pack 
mule that ran away in the Hassi Yampa Valley. 

Upon returning- to Worcester, Captain 
Matthews was appointed to the police 
force by Mayor George F. Verry, Sep- 
tember 3, 1872. At that time the police 
officers were changed with every change 
in the political complexion of the city 
government. In 1873 Captain Matthews 
worked at his trade, but in 1874 was 
again appointed on the police force by 
Mayor Edward L. Davis. In 1879 he 
was appointed a roundsman, and in 1884 
captain, an office he filled with great fidel- 
ity and efficiency for twenty-two years. 
Contrary to his own expectations he was 
appointed chief-of-police in 1907 by 
Mayor Duggan. During his term as 
chief-of-police, he was chairman of the 
license board of the city of Worcester. 
He resigned and retired in 1913. 

The following letter testifies to the 
esteem in which he was held : 



Mr. David A. Matthews, 
Chief of Police, 

Worcester, Mass. 
My Dear Chief: 

Your request for retirement, to take effect 
March ist, has been placed on file in the office of 
the City Clerk, and will be presented to the Board 
of Aldermen, Monday night, February I7th. 

Your letter accompanying this application, stat- 
ing that you wish to withdraw from active duty 
in the Police Department March ist, will also be 
referred to the Aldermen. 

In behalf of the inhabitants of Worcester, I 
want to express to you, at this time, appreciation 
of your thirty-nine years' honorable service, and 
to say to you that you deserve a respite from the 
arduous duties of such service. 

The thirty-nine years you have worked to pro- 
tect the people of Worcester have been full of 
honest activity, and I believe I am expressing the 
sentiment of every law-abiding citizen of Worces- 
ter when I say that those thirty-nine years have 
never seen you do a dishonorable act. 

I trust that when you retire to private life, you 
will rest under the satisfaction that your career 
has been an honor to your name, both in war and 
peace. 

Respectfully yours, 

(Signed) GEORGE M. WRIGHT, 

Mayor. 

During his administration the police 
department was enlarged and vastly im- 
proved in personnel and usefulness. No 
man ever left this office with a greater 
hold on the public confidence and good- 
will. 

Captain Matthews is a member of the 
Knights of Columbus, General George H. 
Ward Post, No. 10, Grand Army of the 
Republic ; the Medal of Honor Legion, 
and was formerly a member of the Wor- 
cester County Mechanic Association, the 
Worcester Society of Antiquity, the Eco- 
nomic Club, the Board of Trade, the 
Police Chiefs' Union of Massachusetts, 
of which he was president two years and 
of which he is now an honorary member. 
In politics he was a Republican until 
1912, when he supported the Progressive 
party, and in 1913 he was the Progressive 



178 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



candidate for alderman-at-large, receiving 
a flattering vote. He spoke during the 
campaign in favor of commission form of 
government for Worcester and when a 
modern charter is adopted in Worcester 
will be given credit for his share in the 
work of municipal reform. He is a com- 
municant of St. Paul's Roman Catholic 
Church. 

He married, November 16, 1872, Mary 
A. Sweeney, of Worcester. Children: i. 
Marietta, graduate of the Classical High 
School, class of 1891, then to Worcester 
Normal School with the thirty-fourth 
class, member of the Aletheia Club, of 
which she was an officer; now recording 
secretary of Levana Club, and of the Alli- 
ance Francaise ; for a number of years 
she has been a teacher in the Abbott 
street school ; also interested in amateur 
theatricals ; she is well-known as a 
soprano soloist, having studied under the 
private tutorship of Ivan Morawski, 
Henry M. Aiken and Richard Blackmore, 
Jr., and is engaged in concert work. 2. 
George Raymond, graduated at the Eng- 
lish High School in 1894, took a year of 
graduate work at the Classical High 
School, entered the Worcester Polytech- 
nic Institute, but left during his sopho- 
more year ; studied the violin under 
Kneisel and Kraft of the Boston Sym- 
phony Orchestra ; he was employed in 
the office of Washburn & Moen in 1898 
and for five years in the Worcester County 
Institution for Savings ; afterward he was 
musical director of the comic operas "The 
Isle of Spice" and "Peggy from Paris;" 
from 1903 to 1913 he was secretary of his 
father; 1913-14 in the secret service of 
the Department of Justice at New York, 
Detroit and New Orleans ; married Doro- 
thy Bates, an actress. Captain and Mrs. 
Matthews and their daughter reside at 
No. 6 Crown street, Worcester. 



WARD, Roy Joslyn, 

Prominent Physician. 

Among the seven hundred and ten dis- 
tinguished persons who accompanied 
William the Conqueror from Normandy 
to the conquest of England in 1066, whose 
names are preserved, is "Ward, one of 
the noble captains." This is the earliest 
period in which the name is found in 
English history. The first of the family 
to assume an additional name, so far as 
we know, was William de la Ward, who 
resided in Chester, England, in 1175. The 
Wards of Yorkshire spread gradually 
over the adjoining counties and the simi- 
larity of their arms indicates a common 
origin, probably in Yorkshire. The arms 
are: Azure, a cross baton, or. Crest: A 
wolf's head, erased. 

(I) \Villiam Ward was born in 1603, in 
England, probably in Yorkshire. He came 
to New England before 1639, when he 
was living in Sudbury, Massachusetts. 
He was admitted a freeman, May 10, 
1643 '> was a deputy to the General Court 
in 1644, an d w as for a number of years 
chairman of the Board of Selectmen in 
Sudbury, and commissioner to end small 
causes, appointed by the General Court. 
He and eight others were the original 
petitioners for the grant of land on which 
Marlborough was founded. As originally 
laid out the town included not only the 
present city of Marlborough. but West- 
borough, Southborough and Northbor- 
ough. Ward moved to Marlborough in 
1660, the year that the town was incorpo- 
rated. He deposed October 4, 1664, that 
he was sixty-one years old. He had a 
fifty-acre house lot on the south side of 
the road nearly opposite the meeting 
house, and was elected deacon of the 
church. His lands finally extended west- 
ward to what is called Belcher's pond, 
near which was built the tavern of his 



179 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

son-in-law, Abraham Williams, who mar- child of William (2) and Hannah (John- 
ried his eldest daughter. During King son-Ames) Ward, was born March 27, 
Philip's War he suffered with the other 1681, at Marlboro, and died January 9, 
early settlers great privations and loss, 1767. He was a noted surveyor and often 
his son was slain and his buildings burnt employed by the proprietors of new town- 
and cattle killed. He died August 10, ships to survey their house lots and di- 
1687, and his will was dated April 6, 1686. visions of the common lands. In this way 
He bequeathed to his wife, Elizabeth ; he became a proprietor of many of the 
to children, John and Increase ; to the new towns and an extensive landowner, 
children of his sons, Richard and Eleazer, He was a magistrate in early life and 
deceased; to his son-in-law, Abraham much employed in public business. He 
Williams ; to all his children by his two petitioned the General Court for a grant 
wives. His widow died December 9, of land for losses in the Narragansett 
1700, in her eighty-seventh year. Chil- War, sustained by the father of his wife, 
dren: John, born about 1626; Joanna, and eventually became possessed of one 
1628; Obadiah, 1632; Richard, 1635; thousand acres of land in Charlemont, 
Deborah, 1637; Hannah, 1639; William, originally granted to the town of Boston ; 
January 22, 1640, died young; Samuel, his children inherited it and in that town 
September 24, 1641 ; Elizabeth, April 14, and vicinity his descendants were numer- 
1643; Increase, February 22, 1644; Hope- ous. He was a member of the artillery 
still, February 24, 1646; William men- company and rose through several grades 
tioned below ; Eleazer, 1657; Bethia, 1658. to the rank of colonel of militia. He mar- 
(II) William (2) Ward, son of Wil- ried (first) Jane Cleveland, of Boston, 
Ham (i) and his second wife, Elizabeth and resided at Southboro, where she died 
Ward, was born at Sudbury, Massachu- April 12, 1745. He married (second) at 
setts, and died at Marlboro, Novem- Westboro, 1758, Sarah Smith. Children, 
ber 25, 1697. He removed to Marlboro all by first marriage: Hezekiah, men- 
with his father in 1660 and resided there tioned below; Jonathan, died unmarried; 
all his remaining years. He married at Bathsheba, married Hezekiah Wood; 
Marlboro, September 4, 1679, Hannah, Hepzibah, born December 30, 1708 ; Eli- 
born April 27, 1656, died December 8, sha, married Ruth Rice; William, mar- 
1720, widow of Gershom Ames and ried Martha Burnap; Hannah, married 
daughter of Solomon and Hannah John- Ephraim Ward (second wife) ; Jane, died 
son, of Sudbury. Children: i. William, young; Abigail, born April 17, 1721; 
mentioned below. 2. Bethiah, married El- Charles, October 27, 1722, died in the 
nathan Brigham. 3. Nahum, married army before Louisburg, Canada, 1745, in 
Martha How. 4. Elisha, killed or taken his twenty-fourth year; Submit, died in 
captive by the Indians at Worcester, Au- infancy. 

gust, 1709, while riding post from Marl- (IV) Hezekiah Ward, eldest child of 

boro to Hadley. His mother, by her will Colonel William (3) and Jane (Cleve- 

made 1714, provided: "If Elisha shall land) Ward, was born June 28, 1703, in 

ever come again my executor shall pay Marlboro, and died March 6, 1774, in 

him twenty shilling also." He did not Grafton, Massachusetts. He resided in 

come again. 5. Bathsheba, died young. Southboro, Westboro, Upton and Graf- 

6. Gershom, died unmarried. ton, and is described in the records after 

(III) Colonel William (3) Ward, eldest 1750 as Lieutenant Hezekiah Ward. He 

180 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



married (first) November 26, 1724, in 
Marlboro, Abigail Perry, born May n, 
1709, in that town, daughter of John and 
Sarah (Ingoldsby) Perry, of that town, 
died March 30, 1735, recorded in South- 
boro. He married (second) October 13, 
1737, Sarah Green, who died March 9, 
1753, in Grafton. He married (third) 
April 7, 1768, in Leicester, Martha (New- 
ton) Earle, a widow, of that town. Part 
of the children are recorded in Southboro 
and some of them in Westboro. They 
were : Hezekiah, mentioned below ; Jona- 
than, born February 3, 1728; Fanny, 
March 11, 1729; Abigail, July 23, 1730; 
Timothy, March 12, 1732; Elizabeth, 
April 18, 1733; William, March 26, 1734. 
Children of second marriage : Sarah, born 
October 7, 1738; Jane, February 16, 1740; 
Gershom. February I, 1742; Nahum, 
March 26, 1744; Hepsibeth, September 
17, 1747; Bathsheba, May 31,1750; Mary, 
March 9, died March 11, 1753. 

(V) Hezekiah (2) Ward, eldest child 
of Hezekiah (i) and Abigail (Perry) 
Ward, was born October 6, 1725, in 
Southboro, and lived in Grafton and 
Leicester, in which latter town he was 
several years a magistrate. He died in 
Paxton, Massachusetts, May n, 1802. He 
married, June 7, 1749, in Southboro, Han- 
nah Bellows, born May 16, 1727, in that 
town, daughter of Eleazer and Sarah Bel- 
lows. Children, first six born in Grafton, 
the others in Leicester: Abigail, born 
April 8, 1750; Karley, February 17, 1752; 
Martha, June 14, 1754; Elisha, January 7, 
1757; Calvin, July 7, 1759; Luther, No- 
vember 10, 1761 ; Jonathan, April 8, 1763 ; 
Maria, June 22, 1765 ; Hannah, March 29, 
1769; Hezekiah, mentioned below. 

(VI) Hezekiah (3) Ward, youngest 
child of Hezekiah (2) and Hannah (Bel- 
lows) Ward, was born July 7, 1771, in 
Leicester, resided in various towns in 
Vermont, including Shelburne, Water- 

181 



bury, Burlington, Duxbury, Berlin and 
Richmond. He removed to Vermont 
about 1794, and died in Duxbury, that 
State, September 28, 1849. He married 
(first) in 1794, Jemima Johnson, of Cole- 
rain, Massachusetts, who died January 14, 
1812, in Burlington, Vermont. Before 
the close of that year he married (second) 
a widow, Ruth Stockwell, of Duxbury. 
He married (third) December 24, 1829, 
Elizabeth Eastman, of Starksboro, Ver- 
mont. Children: Melinda, born June 6, 
1795; Dency, April 18, 1798; Earl, men- 
tioned below; Oren, January 28, 1803, 
died young; Fanny, August 28, 1804; 
Hezekiah, October 7, 1806; Jemima, June 
15, 1808; Elvira, March 24, 1810; Char- 
lotte, August, 1813; Oren, 1816; Edwin 
R., July 5, 1834; Tertullus, November 29, 
1835 ; Zalucus, June 8, 1838. 

(VII) Earl Ward, eldest son of Heze- 
kiah (3) and Jemima (Johnson) Ward, 
was born August 28, 1800. and lived in 
Duxbury, Vermont. There he married, 
March 12, 1828, Elizabeth Munson, born 
there July 9, 1811, died May u, 1862, a 
member of the Congregational church, 
daughter of Reuben and Mary (Miller) 
Munson, of Duxbury (see Munson VII). 
Children: I. William C., born June 3, 
1829. 2. Emily Elizabeth, born Septem- 
ber 29, 1831, married Joseph Parker, and 
lived at Quechee, Vermont. 3. Dency, 
born July 17, 1834, married Alonzo 
Gates, and has four children: O. H. 
Gates, librarian of Andover Theological 
Seminary at Cambridge ; Flora, married 
the Rev. Gilbert, of Dorset, Vermont ; 
Bertha, died at St. Johnsbury, Vermont; 
Carl M. Gates, pastor of the Congrega- 
tional church at Wellesley Hills. 4. Earl 
J., born October 9, 1837, married (first) 
Julia Bachelder, (second) Helen Sabin, 
(third) Mrs. Mary Rollins. 5. Chester 
Wright, mentioned below. 6. Hiram O., 
born January 10, 1842. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(VIII) Chester Wright Ward, third 
son of Earl and Elizabeth (Munson) 
Ward, was born September 9, 1839, in 
Duxbury, and died May 26, 1886. He 
married, February 5, 1868, Amelia Ann 
Joslyn, born October, 1844, daughter of 

Stephen Perry and (Pitkin) Joslyn. 

Children : Emma Lena, born October 18, 
1869; Carl Chester, October 6, 1871, mar- 
ried Bessie F. Downing, one child, Earl 
Chester, born August 14, 1915 ; Roy Jos- 
lyn, mentioned below. 

(IX) Dr. Roy Joslyn Ward, son of 
Chester Wright and Amelia Ann (Joslyn) 
Ward, was born August 10, 1875, in John- 
son, Vermont, where he spent his boy- 
hood and attended the public schools. 
He prepared for college at St. Johnsbury 
Academy, St. Johnsbury, Vermont, and 
entered Dartmouth, from which he was 
graduated in 1897 with degree of A. B. 
He immediately entered the medical de- 
partment of the same institution, from 
which he received the degree of M. D. in 
1900. For three years following he was 
located in practice at East Barrington, 
New Hampshire, after which he pursued 
a post-graduate course in the hospitals of 
New York City. In May, 1904, he located 
at Worcester, where he has since been 
engaged in general practice, and has 
achieved a notable success. Dr. Ward is 
especially prominent in Worcester for 
creating the interest in clean milk stations 
so helpful to the children of the poorer 
classes, also in the organization of the 
Medical Milk Commission of Worcester, 
of which organization he has been secre- 
tary. He is on the staff of the Worcester 
City Memorial Hospital, and Isolation 
Department of Belmont Hospital; is 
medical inspector of schools under direc- 
tion of the Board of Health ; and for 
two years, 1910 and 1911, he was secre- 
tary of the Worcester District Medical 
Society. He is a member of the Massa- 
chusetts Medical Society, the American 

182 



Medical Association, and of several clubs, 
including the Worcester Country Club 
and the Economic Club. Both he and his 
wife are active members of the old South 
Congregational Church of Worcester. Dr. 
Ward married, at Hanover, New Hamp- 
shire, October 23, 1900, Mary A. Down- 
ing, daughter of Lucien Bliss and Martha 
(Taylor) Downing, of that town. Mrs. 
Ward was educated in the public and 
high schools, Kimball Union Academy, 
graduated in class of 1895. and taught 
school at Hanover, New Hampshire, for 
five years. Dr. and Mrs. W T ard have had 
three children: Chester Wright, born 
June 4, 1903, died April 22, 1905 ; Carl- 
ton Joslyn, born April 4, 1910 ; and Arthur 
Downing, October 18, 1912. 

(The Munson Line). 

(I) Thomas Munson, was born about 
1612, in England, and first appears in this 
country in 1637 as a resident of Hartford, 
who performed military service in the 
Pequot War, 1637. From that time he 
has a long and honorable record for civil 
and military service in the colonies of 
Hartford and New Haven. As a reward 
for his services in the Pequot War he, 
with other soldiers, was allotted a large 
tract of land from the Soldiers' Field 
which had been set aside by the town for 
that purpose. This grant, which was one 
hundred acres, was not confirmed by the 
General Court until May 13, 1673. His 
house-lot, comprising two and one-half 
acres, stood on the east side of the present 
High street, opposite the head of Walnut. 
There was a house on this ground in 
February, 1641, which he had doubtless 
built himself. Previous to this date he 
had sold the place, and is mentioned in 
the records as having sold his allotment 
in the Soldiers' Field and as forfeiting 
other land on the east and west sides of 
the Connecticut river by removal. Before 
February, 1640, he had removed with 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



other settlers to the neighboring settle- 
ment of Quinnipiac. June 4, 1639, "A 
Fundamental Agreement" was signed by 
sixty-three persons who had invested in 
the common property of the new town, 
providing that church members only 
should be free burgesses and have the 
elective franchise. Thomas Munson, as a 
prospective planter, was the sixth to sign 
the agreement. April 3, 1640, his name 
appeared on the records at a "Court" held 
on that date. June u, of the same year, 
he was made freeman. He was a member 
of the First Church as early as 1640 and 
had land granted him in the same year. 
In 1642 he was chosen sergeant of the 
train band, which title he held for nine- 
teen years. In 1644 his name appears on 
a list of one hundred and eighty-two in- 
habitants who took the oath of fidelity. 
During the next ten years his name ap- 
pears frequently on the records, from 
which it is evident that he served the 
town in various capacities. He was 
placed on committees to treat with the 
Indians, to appraise estates, and being a 
carpenter by trade, was given numerous 
building contracts. In 1655 he became 
the leader in the movement of some of 
the townsmen, begun in 1651, to found 
a new commonwealth at Delaware Bay, 
but after several years' agitation the affair 
was given up, and he remained in New 
Haven. In 1657 he was chosen select- 
man ; in 1659, when a colony school was 
started in New Haven, he was on a com- 
mittee of four who were appointed to 
provide a house for the schoolmaster and 
a schoolhouse. April 29, 1661, he was 
made ensign ; June 6, 1662, he was one of 
the deputies for the Town Court, and 
May 27th a deputy for the General Court. 
After the union of New Haven colony 
with that of Hartford (1665) he was 
chosen deputy for the General Assembly 
in Hartford, also in 1666 and 1669, and 
for every succeeding year up to 1683. In 



1664 he was made lieutenant of the mili- 
tary company, and August 7, 1673, he was 
one of a committee of six called the Grand 
Committee, appointed by the General 
Assembly for the defense and safety of 
the colony against the Dutch. During 
King Philip's War, 1676, he saw active 
service, and September 19, 1675, was in 
command of the New Haven forces which 
marched to Northfield ; December 20, of 
the same year he was made first commis- 
sary; February 25, 1676, he was appointed 
captain, and May 15, when it was decided 
by the court of elections that a standing 
army should be raised, he was chosen 
captain for New Haven county. In 1678- 
79-80-81-82-83 he was selectman, or 
townsman, besides serving the town in 
various minor capacities. He died May 
7, 1685, and was buried on The Green, 
his monument may still be seen in the 
Grove street burial ground. His wife, 
Joanna, born about 1610, died December 
13, 1678. Children: Elizabeth; Samuel, 
mentioned below; Hannah, baptized June 
II, 1648. 

(II) Samuel Munson, only son of 
Thomas and Joanna Munson, was bap- 
tized August 7, 1643, ar >d died between 
January 10 and March 2, 1693. He was 
made a freeman of New Haven in 1667, 
and in 1670 was one of the founders of 
the new plantation of Wallingford, Con- 
necticut. He signed the agreement rela- 
tive to the founding of the same, and was 
assigned one of the original houselots in 
the new town, besides a river or farm lot. 
April 6, 1671, he was present at the first 
town meeting, and April 29, 1673, also in 
1674, was chosen selectman. June 17, 

1674, he was made drummer; October 19, 

1675, during King Philip's War, he was 
chosen ensign by the court at Hartford, 
and November 25 colony agent. In 1679 
he was chosen the first schoolmaster of 
Wallingford, and in 1684 was made rector 
of Hopkins Grammar School. In the 



183 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

years 1676-80 he was auditor, and in 1677- and served as surveyor of highways the 
78-80-81-92 he was lister. In 1680-81 he following year. He probably died in the 
was again selectman, and in 1692 con- Port Royal Expedition. The inventory 
stable. The administration of his estate of his estate amounted to 1,688 pounds, 6 
was given to his widow, Martha, and his shillings and 6 pence. He married, July 
son John. He married, October 26, 1665, 18, 1739, Phebe, daughter of Moses Merri- 
Martha, daughter of William and Alice man, born March 27, 1720, in Walling- 
(Pritchard) Bradley. After his death she ford. Children: John, born August 2, 
married (second) 1694, Eliasaph Preston, 1740; Thomas Ensign, April 3, 1742; 
born 1643, died 1707, schoolmaster, second Margaret, April 12, 1744; Caleb, men- 
town clerk, and deacon of Wallingford. tioned below; Hannah, May 17, 1748; 
She married (third) Matthew Sherman. Moses, August 13, 1750. 
Children of Samuel Munson : Martha, (V) Caleb (2) Munson, third son of 
born May 6, 1667; Samuel, February 28, Moses and Phebe (Merriman) Munson, 
1669; Thomas, March 12, 1671; John, was born May 22, 1746, in Wallingford, 
January 28, 1673; Theophilus, September and resided successively in Branford, Go- 
10, 1675; Joseph, November I, 1677; Ste- shen and Torrington, Connecticut. From 
phen, December 5, 1679; Caleb, men- his father's estate he received about one 
tioned below ; Joshua, February 7, 1685 ; hundred and fifty pounds, and purchased 
Israel, March 6, 1687. land in Goshen, Connecticut, where he 

(III) Caleb Munson, fifth son of Samuel was a weaver and farmer. He served as 
and Martha (Bradley) Munson, was born a soldier of the Revolution, and was 
November 19, 1682, and settled in Wai- under General St. Clair, and was present 
lingford, where he died August 23, 1765. at Ticonderoga in 1777. He continued in 
He was a weaver and farmer, and resided the service until after the surrender of 
southeast of the village by "Cook's Rock." Burgoyne, when he returned home. He 
His name appears in many land trans- again enlisted in 1778, and was made a 
actions in that town, and he was among prisoner by the Hessians, who evidently 
its prosperous and substantial citizens, held him for some time. He returned to 
He married (first) March 26, 1706, Eliza- his home in Goshen in 1781. After the 
beth Hermon, of Springfield, Massachu- war he removed to Torrington, Connecti- 
setts, who died February n, 1740. He cut, where he purchased land. He after- 
married (second) January 10, 1741, Han- ward purchased a share in the town of 
nah Porter. Children: Keziah.born Janu- Waterbury, Vermont, whither he re- 
ary 13, 1707; Caleb, August 19, 1709; moved, arriving March 31, 1/88, and set- 
Joshua, January 30, 1712; Moses, men- tied on the east side of the Onion river, 
tioned below; Elizabeth, March 31, 1717; In 1800 he removed to Canada, where ht 
Miriam, April 22, 1720. died December i, 1802. He married, 

(IV) Moses Munson, fourth son of March 19, 1767, Mary Lee, born January 
Caleb and Elizabeth (Hermon) Munson, 13, 1747, in Goshen, died March 29, 1835, 
was born about 1715, in Wallingford, and in Williston, Vermont. Children, all born 
resided on Muddy river, near his father, in Goshen: Seth, February 18, 1768; 
three miles from the village of Walling- John, November 23, 1769; Jesse, January 
ford. He was a shoemaker and farmer, 26, 1772; Caleb, June 5, 1775; Loammi 
received twenty acres from his father, Ruhami, May 17, 1777; Reuben, men- 
and purchased several other parcels. He tioned below. 

was made a freeman, September 15, 1747, (VI) Reuben Munson, youngest child 

184 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of Caleb (2) and Mary (Lee) Munson, 
was born July 3, 1781, in Goshen, and set- 
tled in South Duxbury, Vermont, where 
he was many years engaged in farming. 
He cleared up new ground, and delevoped 
a fine farm. A man of large and powerful 
frame, he impaired his health by hard 
labor, and finally sold his farm and built 
a shop on a waterpower in Duxbury, 
where he made wagons, sleighs and 
pumps, and sawed lumber, and otherwise 
served his fellow citizens. In old age he 
went to live with his son, Bethuel M., in 
Stowe, Vermont, and died at Morrisville, 
same State, April 4, 1871. In late life he 
grew very corpulent, and weighed over 
three hundred pounds. In politics he was 
formerly a Whig, later an Anti-Mason, a 
Free Soiler and finally a Republican. 
With his wife he united with the Con- 
gregational church in each town where 
they lived. He was called out during the 
War of 1812 for service at Plattsburg. 
This summons came in the night, but in 
twenty minutes he was prepared and on 
his way. However the battle was over 
before he reached the scene of hostilities. 
He married, April 26, 1807, Mary, daugh- 
ter of Bethuel Miller, born September 19, 
1787, in Marlow, New Hampshire, died 
April 4, 1871. Children: Almira, born 
June 15, 1808; Elizabeth, mentioned be- 
low; Bethuel Miller, August 19, 1815; 
Reuben Lee, October 27, 1819. 

(VII) Elizabeth Munson, eldest daugh- 
ter of Reuben and Mary (Miller) Mun- 
son, was born July 9, 1811, in Duxbury, 
and became the wife of Earl Ward, of 
that town (see Ward VII). 



PERRY, Frank Goddard, 

Prominent Business Man. 

Though it is said by some that the 
Perry family were settled in the southern 
half of England, chiefly in Somersetshire, 
Cornwall, Gloucester and Essex counties, 



it is thought by some that they are of 
Welsh origin. The Hon. Amos Perry, of 
the Rhode Island Historical Society, and 
for many years its librarian, was strongly 
inclined to this opinion. Among Welsh 
surnames appears Ap Harry (or the son 
of Harry) which later became Parry, and 
was soon corrupted to Perry. On early 
records in England and America the 
name was written Pury, Pary, Perrie and 
Parrie, but Perry has since been univer- 
sally adopted. Arms of the Perry family: 
Azure, a fesse embattled between three 
pears, or. Crest : An arm armed and 
erect proper, issuing out of the top of a 
tower gules, holding in the hand a dagger 
sable. Among the immigrants bearing 
the name may be mentioned : John Perry, 
a native of England, was made a freeman 
at Boston, March 4, 1633, and settled in 
Roxbury; William Perry, of Scituate, 
Massachusetts, took the oath of allegi- 
ance, February i, 1638; John Perry, who 
was in Taunton as early as 1643, a l so a 
proprietor of Marshfield in 1645 > George 
Perry, who was a proprietor of Marsh- 
field, Massachusetts, in 1645. 

(I) Rev. John Perry was a citizen of 
Farnborough, England, a "clarke" (clerk) 
by occupation, rector of the parish of 
Farnham, according to Professor Perry, 
of Williams College, who has investi- 
gated the history of the family. Rev. 
John Perry died in 1621, and the inven- 
tory of his estate in the consistory court 
at Winchester is dated August 23, 1621. 
His widow, Judith, was appointed admin- 
istratrix, May 3, 1622. The name of his 
son John is obtained from the records of 
the Clothiers' Guild of London. Another 
son, William, born in 1606, a tailor by 
trade, settled in Watertown, Massachu- 
setts, before 1642 ; died September 9, 
1683, leaving wife and six children. 

(II) John (2) Perry, son of Rev. John 
(i) Perry, was born 1613, at Farnbor- 
ough, and began serving an apprentice- 



185 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

ship shortly after his father's death in the October i, 1668, died December 13, same 
Clothiers' Guild of London, and seems to year; John, mentioned belov ; Joanna, 
have been a weaver all his life. He be- November 8, 1672 ; Sarah, 1675, died 
came a freeman of the city of London, young; Elizabeth, November 2, 1681, 
and after the great fire there in 1666 came married Thomas Grover; Josiah, Novem- 
to Watertown, Massachusetts, with his ber 28, 1684, progenitor of a large family 
wife and three children, John, Josiah and in Worcester; Joseph, January 17, 1691, 
Elizabeth, and was still living there in of Brookfield ; Sarah, April 30, 1694. 
1674. He married Joanna, daughter of (IV) John (4) Perry, second son of 
Joseph Holland, who was also a weaver John (3) and Sarah (Clary) Perry, was 
of London, of St. Sepulcher's parish, near born March 3, 1670, in Watertown, and 
Newgate. She died in Watertown in lived in that town and in Cambridge. He 
1667. Her brother, Nathaniel Holland, married, July 19, 1693, Sarah Price, born 
was an early resident of Watertown, September 27, 1667, daughter of William 
Massachusetts. She was mentioned in and Mary (Marblehead) Price, of Water- 
the will of Joseph Holland, her father, in town. Children: John, mentioned below; 
1659, as the daughter of his first wife. Mary, married Edward Manning; Sarah; 
In this will Nathaniel Holland, of Water- Abigail ; Elizabeth ; Ebenezer ; Mercy, 
town, New England, his son, was men- married David Gleason ; and James, of 
tioned. John Holland, the pioneer at Charlestown, who married Lydia Tufts. 
Watertown, had a son, Nathaniel. (V) John (5) Perry, eldest child of 
(III) John (3) Perry, apparently eldest John (4) and Sarah (Price) Perry, was 
child of John (2) and Joanna (Holland) born March 2, 1696, and lived in Lexing- 
Perry, was born 1644, in London, and ton, Massachusetts. He married, in Med- 
came with his father to America when ford, October 12, 1719, Deborah Wilson, 
twenty-two years old. He was also a born October 12, 1700, in Cambridge, 
weaver and lived in Watertown, Brook- daughter of Andrew and Hannah Wilson, 
field, and again in Watertown, where he She was admitted to the church in Lex- 
died in 1724. In 1701 and 1710 he re- ington, June 29, 1735. Children: John, 
ceived grants of land in Brookfield, and born December 19, 1720; Thomas, men- 
resided several years near Perry's pond, tioned below; Joseph, October 3, 1724; 
which was named for him. He married, Milicent, May 10, 1726; Ebenezer and 
in Watertown, December 13, 1667, Sarah, Jonathan (twins), July 17, 1728; Thad- 
daughter of John and Sarah (Cassell) deus, December 26, 1730; Deborah, bap- 
Clary, of Cambridge, Massachusetts, born tized March 4, 1733; Abigail, August 10, 
there October 4, 1647, and died at the 1735; James, June 30, 1739. 
home of her son, John Perry, in Lexing- (VI) Thomas Perry, second son of 
ton, October n, 1730. A chest brought John (5) and Deborah (Wilson) Perry, 
from England by her, bearing her initials was born December 19, 1722, in Lexing- 
and the date 1625 burned into the wood, ton, and lived in that town, and later at 
is owned by a descendant, Mrs. Isaac Hil- Bedford, Massachusetts, whence he re- 
dreth, now residing in Worcester. John moved in 1770 to Royalston, same State, 
(3) Perry's widow, in 1726, made a will where he died January 9, 1810. He was 
giving her property to Thomas Grover, a soldier from Lexington in the French 
in consideration of his caring for her dur- and Indian War, 1756 and 1759. His 
ing her last years. John (3) and Sarah wife, Abigail, born 1730, died May 30, 
(Clary) Perry had children: John, born 1806. Children: Lucy, born September 

186 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



25, 1750, married Thomas Harrington; 
John, Thomas and Asa, died in child- 
hood; Micah, mentioned below; Thad- 
deus, April 13, 1761, lived in Royalston ; 
Benjamin, December 27, 1763; Elizabeth, 
September 10, 1766, married Abraham 
Hawkins; Oliver, June 11, 1769; Asa, 
May 25, 1772, in Royalston. 

(VII) Micah Perry, fourth son of 
Thomas and Abigail Perry, was born 
December 3, 1759, in Bedford, Massa- 
chusetts, and was a farmer, residing in 
Royalston until 1786, when he removed 
to Fitzwilliam, New Hampshire. Five 
years later he removed to Royalston, and 
subsequently removed to Concord, Ver- 
mont, where he engaged in agriculture 
until his death in 1840, in his eighty-first 
year. He was one of the youngest soldiers 
of the Continental army during the Revo- 
lution, enlisting at the age of sixteen 
years, at the same time with his second 
wife's father, Jonathan Woodbury. They 
served at the battle of Bennington and 
throughout the war, returning to the arts 
of peace as soon as the war was closed. 
His farm in Concord has been in the 
family for more than one hundred and 
twenty-five years. He married (first) in 
Royalston, July 7, 1784, Elizabeth Parker, 
\vho died in Royalston. He married (sec- 
ond) at Concord, Vermont, Susan, daugh- 
ter of Jonathan Woodbury, who was not 
only a soldier of the Revolution, but also 
fought in the War of 1812. He had a 
family of fourteen daughters. Children 
of Micah Perry, by first wife, recorded 
in Fitzwilliam: Rhoda, born November 
20, 1785; Lucinda, July 22, 1787; Micah, 
March n, 1789; Elisha, November 25, 
1790; Jonas, 1792; Betsey, February 12, 
1794; Abigail, October 19, 1796; Polly, 
November 25, 1799. Children of second 
marriage: Laura Ann, Jackson Mon- 
roe, Henry Harrison, Harriet Lucinda, 
Charles Dyer, Chester Thayer, George 
Vernon, Susan and Sophia (twins), Cros- 

187 



by Alpheus. The last named is a promi- 
nent physician. 

(VIII) Jackson Monroe Perry, son of 
Micah and Susan (Woodbury) Perry, 
was born March 23, 1820, in Concord, 
Vermont, and died there April 27, 1913. 
He received the common school educa- 
tion and engaged in agriculture, occupy- 
ing the farm originally cleared by his 
father, in Concord. This contained some 
ninety acres, to which he added a like 
amount by purchase, and with the ex- 
ception of one year spent in Athol, Mas- 
sachusetts, resided all his life in Concord, 
a successful farmer and exemplary citi- 
zen. He was a Whig in early life, and 
naturally affiliated with the Republican 
party upon its organization. He had no 
desire for public life, but served the town 
as tax collector, as his duty as a citizen 
required. He attended divine worship at 
the Congregational church. He married 
(first) Mary Goddard, of Athol, Massa- 
chusetts, born October 24, 1828, daughter 
of Eber and Lucinda (Fish) Goddard. 
He married (second) Sarah Gordon, of 
Littleton, New Hampshire, born Novem- 
ber 5, 1848, now living in Littleton, 
daughter of John and Rhoda (Goddard) 
Gordon. Children of second marriage : 
Georgianna, born September 7, 1865, died 
of diphtheria in 1873, as did also William, 
born February 22, 1868; Frank Goddard, 
mentioned below; Jennie Ellis, born De- 
cember 3, 1871, married Lorin A. Ladd ; 
Mary Ellen, October 26, 1873, married 
Cadman E. Davis ; Charles Monroe, No- 
vember 6, 1874, married Ordella E. Hill; 
Hattie Emma, November 8, 1875, married 
D. Wilbur Little ; Carrie Maud, February 
28, 1877, deceased; Allie Bell, May n, 
1878, married Willis Harry Goodell ; Wil- 
liam Burt, July 20, 1879, married Cora 
Whitcomb ; Harry Garfield, August 22, 
1881, deceased; Elsie Louise, November 
18, 1882, died January 30, 1914, married 
Andrew Burgess ; Katherine Gertrude, 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

December 2, 1884, married Merritt Sher- Masons; Thomas Chapter, Royal Arch 

man; Ida Mabel, April 18, 1887, married Masons ; Jerusalem Commandery, Knights 

John R. Shea. Templar, all of Fitchburg, and Aleppo 

(IX) Frank Goddard Perry, second son Temple, Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of 

of Jackson Monroe and Sarah (Gordon) the Mystic Shrine, of Boston. He is also 

Perry, was born February 23, 1869, in a member of the Order of Owls, and a 

Concord, Vermont, where he attended member of the advisory board of the 

school until 1885. His vacations and Universalist church of Fitchburg. In 

leisure time were employed in the labors politics he affiliates with the Republican 

of the home farm and in a saw mill. In party. He married, September 5, 1893, 

1890 he removed to Fitchburg, Massa- Ethel Aldrich Stone, of Fitchburg, daugh- 

chusetts, where he has resided to the ter of Fordyce and Alvira (Smith) Stone, 

present time, and is one of the able and 

enterprising business men of that city. HOLMES, Martin DeForest, 

When he first arrived in Fitchburg he 

. , , . 111 Successful Business Man. 

was employed by the wholesale grocery 

firm of C. A. Cross & Company, and sub- Rev. Samuel (2) Holmes, son of Samuel 
sequently entered the service of the (i) Holmes, was born in Bennington, 
Fitchburg & Leominster Railway Com- Vermont, in 1759 or 1760, and died March 
pany as conductor. After a short period 19, 1813, aged fifty-four years. He mar- 
he took employment with the Webber & ried, in 1/82, Salena Scott, born at Ben- 
Haywood Furniture Company, where he nington, December 25, 1766, died at Cam- 
remained four and one-half years, and bridge, Vermont, in September, 1855. He 
was afterward employed by the Ferdi- was one of the earliest settlers in Cam- 
nand Furniture Company for a period of bridge, Vermont, where he settled about 
three and one-half years. In 1899, in 1785 on a farm in the eastern part of 
association with a partner, he engaged in the town. This place is still owned and 
the furniture business on his own account occupied by the family. In the spring of 
in Fitchburg, the name of the firm being 1786 his wife went to join him, going by 
Smiley & Perry, and this partnership con- foot from West to East Cambridge, then 
tinued to September 4, 1900, when he a wilderness, finding her way by the aid 
purchased his partner's interests, since of blazed trees, carrying one child and 
which time Mr. Perry has conducted the leading the other, until she reached the 
business alone. In addition to furniture, new log house her husband had built at 
he carries a large stock of all kinds of the foot of Nursery Hill. Samuel Holmes 
household goods, and has gained a well- became a Baptist minister and was often 
merited success. He began business with away from home. On one occasion, dur- 
a captial of five hundred dollars, his stock ing his absence, the house caught fire 
now being valued at seventy-five thou- from a defective chimney, but she suc- 
sand dollars, and he has one of the most ceeded in subduing the flames by water 
complete and best equipped establishments brought from a neighboring spring. On 
of its kind in the old Bay State, occuping another occasion in his absence, she went 
over sixty-two thousand square feet of in search of the cows through the woods 
floor space for the display of his wares, and lost her way, but when she had finally 
He is very actively affiliated with the given up hope of reaching home, she was 
Masonic order, being a member of Charles found by her dog, which guided her home. 
W. Moore Lodge, Free and Accepted A petition of the inhabitants of Benning- 

188 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ton for preaching services, January 7, 

1784, bears the name of Samuel Holmes. 
Samuel Holmes was a soldier in the 
Revolution from Bennington in Captain 
Joseph Safford's company in 1782. John 
Holmes was in the same company ; also 
Benjamin. Samuel Holmes was with 
Benjamin also in Captain Samuel Robin- 
son's company, Colonel Samuel Herrick's 
regiment, October ii, 1780. He was in 
Captain Safford's company in 1781-82, 
Colonel Ebenezer Wallbridge's regiment. 
In 1790 the census shows that he was 
living in Cambridge. Children of Rev. 
Samuel Holmes, of whom the two eldest 
were born at Bennington, the others at 
Cambridge: i. Sally, born January 12, 
1783, died March 8, 1858; married Caleb 
Morgan. 2. Abigail, born January 18, 

1785, died in August, 1864; married Au- 
gustus Young; resided in St. Albans. 3. 
Anna, born December 23, 1786, died No- 
vember i, 1864; married Elijah Brewster. 
4. Theron, born March 14, 1789, died in 
1872; married Priscilla Collins. 5. Levi, 
born February 15, 1791, died May 22, 
1852; grandson, Alba L. Holmes, living 
in Grand Rapids, Michigan. 6. Emily, 
born December 22, 1792, died August i, 
1794. 7. William, born May 8, 1795, died 
May 26, 1842 ; married Laura Philips and 
went to New York State. 8. John, born 
October 23, 1797, died July 22, 1875; 
married Deborah Baker. 9. Martin, born 
February 3, 1800, died January 12, 1802. 

10. Mary, born August 15, 1802, died 
April 9, 1868; married Amasa Thompson. 

11. Child unnamed, born January 28, 
1804, died May 2, 1804. 12. Amanda, 
born April 18, 1806, died 1848; married 
John Wires. 13. Samuel, mentioned be- 
low. 

(II) Samuel (2) Holmes, son of Rev. 
Samuel (i) Holmes, was born at Cam- 
bridge, Vermont, June 22, 1813, and died 
at Worcester, Massachusetts, January 31, 
1882. He was a farmer at Cambridge. 



He married (first) March 27, 1837, Lucy 
Wallbridge, who died January 29, 1861, 
aged forty-four (see Wallbridge V). He 
married (second) August 30, 1863, Sybil 
E. Frink, who died June 4, 1868, aged 
forty-two years. He married (third) 
October i, 1869, Sarah C. Ball, a widow. 
Children, born at Cambridge: I. Helen 
Maria, born February 24, 1839, married, at 
Cambridge, Vermont, November ii, 1857, 
Luke Edwards. 2. Phebe Eliza, born June 
14, 1840, died February 17, 1882; married, 
January i, 1863, Wilkinson Field. 3. 
Martin Wallbridge, born March 23, 1842, 
died August 18, 1842. 4. Araminta Eliza- 
beth, born July i, 1843 '> married, at Cam- 
bridge, Vermont, December 23, 1865, 
Herbert Smith, removed to Hyde Park, 
Massachusetts. 5. Mary, born January 

30, 1845 ; married, January 19, 1870, Wil- 
liam Hawes, of Vancouver, Washington, 
who died in Portland, Oregon ; children : 
Maud, married Charles Bradford, five 
children ; Elisa, married Louis Wise, four 
children ; Gertrude, actress, playing with 
stock companies ; Ernest, killed at Wren- 
tham, aged ten years ; child died in in- 
fancy. 6. William Robert, born March 

31, 1847, died November 2, 1873; married, 
May 6, 1873, Sophia L. Smith. 7. Joseph- 
ine Amanda, born March 25, 1849; mar- 
ried, November 25, 1875, George Rice, of 
Millbury, no issue. 8. Martin DeForest, 
mentioned below. 9. Marion Evangeline, 
born March 18, 1853; married, December 
4, 1879, Frank P. Sibley, of Worcester; 
no issue. 10. George Wilkinson, born 
February 20, 1855, died January 21, 1873. 
ii. Aurelia Joannah, born May 22, 1859, 
died January 15, 1872. 12. Lucy Wall- 
bridge, born January 28, 1861, married 
(first) Jacob Conselman, and had Henry 
and Francis ; married (second) Wallace 
Young, of No. 4 Greendale avenue, Wor- 
cester. Children by second wife: 13. 
Child, born and died in 1864. 14. Bertha 
Jane, born August 2, 1865, died July 22, 



189 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

1866. 15. Clara B., born June I, 1868; Chapter, Royal Arch Masons; Hiram 
married Herbert Pierce ; five children ; Council, Royal and Select Masters ; the 
lives on Abbott place, Worcester. 16. Worcester County Commandery; the 
Carrie B., twin of Clara B., died August Massachusetts Consistory; and of Blake 
13, 1868. Lodge, Knights of Pythias. He is also 
(III) Martin DeForest Holmes, son of a member of the State and National or- 
Saniuel (2) Holmes, was born at Cam- ganizations of the Master Steam Fitters 
bridge, Vermont, May 27, 1851. He at- and Plumbers. In politics he is a Repub- 
tended the district schools of his native lican. The company is affiliated with the 
town, and worked on the farm during his Chamber of Commerce, 
boyhood. At the age of nineteen years, He married (first) June 21, 1876, Ida 
he came to Worcester and followed farm- Frances Stone, who was born April 9, 
ing for a number of years; was in the 1845, died April 7, 1907, at Worcester, 
employ of the Walker Ice Company for daughter of Mrs. Mary (Prouty) Stone, 
a time, in 1884 entered the employ of of Spencer. He married (second) at 
Braman & Dow, steam fitters and Tacoma, Washington, August 25, 1909, 
plumbers, and learned the trade, and for Mrs. Mary (Simmons) Sibley, born De- 
ten years he was employed by O. S. Ken- cember 31, 1853, daughter of Mitchell F. 
dall & Company, steam fitters, in Wor- and Elizabeth (Kindred) Simmons, of 
cester. On April i, 1900, he started in Kentucky. Children by first wife: i. 
business under the name of M. D. Holmes Bertha Lilla, born March 24, 1877, died 
& Sons. The firm had a store on Main June 27, 1877. 2. William Henry, men- 
street for a year and then located in the tioned below. 3. Frederick Everett, men- 
present quarters in Salem square opposite tioned below. 4. Ella Gertrude, born 
the Common, Worcester. In 1909 the January 3, 1882; married, June 18, 1906, 
business was incorporated under the William Henry Brown ; child, William 
name of M. D. Holmes & Sons Company. Henry Brown, born December 7, 1909, 
Mr. Holmes and his four sons comprise died December n, 1909. 5. Elmer Her- 
the corporation. The Holmes Company bert, mentioned below. 6. Ernest Rus- 
carries on a general business in metal sell, mentioned below. 7. Ida Winnifred, 
working, plumbing, ventilating and heat- born October 12, 1889; married, Novem- 
ing, and ranks among the most success- ber 14, 1911, John Stanley Rose, now with 
ful contractors in this line of work in Graton & Knight Manufacturing Corn- 
Central Massachusetts, employing regu- pany; has one child, Robert Rose, born 
larly some thirty journeymen and utiliz- June 20, 1913. 

ing about 6,000 square feet of space in (IV) William Henry Holmes, son of 

the place of business. Among the recent Martin DeForest Holmes, was born at 

large contracts of the company may be Worcester, June 24, 1878. He was edu- 

mentioned : Seven of the buildings of the cated there in the public schools. He has 

Grafton Colony of the State Hospital for charge of the plumbing department of the 

the Insane ; seventeen public school M. D. Holmes & Sons Company. He is 

houses of Worcester; the Masonic a member of the same Masonic bodies to 

Temple ; the Massachusetts State Sani- which his father belongs ; of Central 

tarium ; Beavan Hall at Holy Cross Lodge, Odd Fellows ; the Knights of 

College. Mr. Holmes is a member of Pythias ; New England Order of Protec- 

Athelstane Lodge, Free and Accepted tion. In 1912-13 he was president of the 

Masons, of Worcester; of Worcester Master Plumbers Association of Worces- 

190 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ter. He married, October 20, 1902, Emma Martin DeForest Holmes, was born De- 



Franklin Urquhart, who was born at 
Gloucester, Massachusetts, daughter of 
Charles E. Urquhart. Children : Claudia 
Urquhart, died young; Chester Stanley, 
born October 17, 1904; Leslie Winifred, 
died April 16, 1910; Mildred Frances, 
born January 29, 1908. 

(IV) Frederick Everett Holmes, son 



cember 5, 1884. He was educated in 
Worcester, leaving the English High 
School at the end of his junior year to 
learn the photographer's business. After- 
ward he became interested in his father's 
business. He and his brother, Frederick 
E., have charge of the estimating for the 
company. He is a member of all Ma- 



of Martin DeForest Holmes, was born sonic bodies, same as father and broth- 



December i, 18/9. He attended the public 
schools and prepared for college in the 
English High School. He entered the 
Worcester Polytechnic Institute, from 
which he was graduated with the degree 
of Bachelor of Science in 1902. After 
graduating he spent six months in the 
West and for a year and a half was an 
engineer for the Plunger Elevator Com- 
pany of Worcester. He is now in charge 
of the engineering and estimating work 
of the M. D. Holmes & Sons Company. 
He is a member of the same Masonic 
bodies as his father and brothers. He 



ers. He is a member of the Central 
Lodge, Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows, and of the Knights of Pythias. He 
married Bertha D. Blackstone. Children : 
Ernest, born June 9, 1908; Leslie Wini- 
fred, born April 12, died April 16, 1910; 
Dorothy Irene, born April 20, 1911 ; Shir- 
ley, born August 13, 1914. 

(The Scott Line). 



(I) William Scott, the immigrant, came 
to Hadley, Massachusetts, now Hatfield, 
about 1668, and had probably lived for a 
time at Braintree or vicinity. He mar- 
married, in 1901, Sarah Ann Taylor, ried, January 28, 1670, Hannah, daughter 
daughter of Robert and Jennie (Need- of Deacon William Allis, of Hatfield, who 
ham) Taylor, of Worcester. Children: came from England to Watertown, lived 
Raymond Taylor, born May 28, 1902; later at Braintree and Hartford and finally 
Everett, died in infancy. at Hatfield; was a deacon, lieutenant of 

(IV) Elmer Herbert Holmes, son of cavalry, selectman and justice of the peace. 
Martin DeForest Holmes, was born Janu- He was a soldier at the Falls Fight in 

King Philip's W^ar, May 19, 1676. His 
will, dated February 15, 1716, is among 
the archives of Memorial Hall at Deer- 
field, but was not probated. He left a 
large estate for his day. Children : Josiah, 
born June 18, 1671 ; Richard, mentioned 



ary 3, 1882. He was educated in the 
public schools, and for one year was a 
student in the English High School. After 
leaving school he became associated with 
his father in business and since 1909 he 
has been treasurer of the M. D. Holmes 
& Sons Company and has charge of the 
bookkeeping. He is a member of all the 
Masonic bodies, same as his father and 



below; William, November 24, 1676; Han- 
nah, August ii, 1679; Joseph, March 21, 
1682; John, July 6, 1684; Mary, 1686; 
brothers, also of the Knights of Pythias. Mehitable, September 9, 1687; Jonathan, 
He married, June 5, 1912, Elizabeth May November i, 1688; Abigail, November 23, 
Speirs, daughter of John F. Speirs, of No. 1689. 

(II) Richard Scott, son of William 
Scott, was born at Hatfield, February 22, 
1673. He removed from Hatfield to Sun- 



12 Orne street, Worcester. They have 
one son, Ralph Herbert, born August 5, 



1914. 

(IV) Ernest Russell Holmes, son of derland soon after 1715, and was one of 

191 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

the original settlers there. He died there Levi, December 17, 1770; Melatine, Oc- 

March 31, 1750, and his wife, January 22, tober 24, 1772; Anna, July 21, 1776; Abi- 

1769. He married, January 15, 1702, Eliz- gail, September 3, 1779; Ira, October 18, 

abeth Belding, a daughter of Stephen and 1782. 

Mary (Wells) Belding. She was born at < The Wallbridge Line). 
Hatfield. Her father was son of Samuel (I) Henry Wallbridge, the immigrant 
Belding, who came from England to ancestor of this family, was born in Eng- 
Wethersfield, Connecticut, thence to Hat- land, and came with his brothers, Wil- 
field. Her mother was Mary, daughter of li a m and Stephen Wallbridge, from Dev- 
Thomas and Mary (Beardsley) Wells, onshire of Wareham in Dorsetshire after 
granddaughter of Hugh and Frances the battle of Sedgmoor in which they 
Wells. Mary Beardsley was a daughter were soldiers, July 5, 1685. They setled 
of William Beardsley, of Hartford, immi- fi rs t at Dedham, Massachusetts, and after- 
grant. Children : Mary, born April 29, ward at Preston, Connecticut. Stephen 
1703; Jonathan, mentioned below; Eliza- changed his name to Meech. Henry be- 
beth, August 11, 1705; Rachel, July 3, C ame an extensive owner of land. His 
1710; Experience, October 27, 1713; Lieu- W JH was dated July 23, 1729. He died 
tenant Reuben, September 25, 1719; Me- J u ly 25, 1729. He married at Preston, 
hitable, May 3, 1722; Stephen, October December 25, 1688, Anna Amos or Ames, 
16, 1725. daughter of Hugh Amos or Ames, who 

(III) Jonathan Scott, son of Richard was made a freeman in Boston in 1666 
Scott, was born at Hatfield, August u, and went to Norwich as early as 1677, 
1705. He removed about 1760 to Ben- buying lands there of the Indians in 1683. 
nington, Vermont. He married, June 9, The will of the widow, Anna Wallbridge, 
1731, Thankful Hitchcock, born October was proved June 10, 1741. Children: 
i, 1707, in Springfield, Massachusetts, William, born March 20, 1690; Amos, 
daughter of John Hitchcock and grand- April 9, 1693 ; Henry and Thomas, of 
daughter of Luke Hitchcock, of New whom one was born May 26, 1696 ; Anna, 
Haven. Children, born in Sunderland: March 24, 1702 ; Ebenezer, May 15, 1705 ; 
Thankful, January 15, 1732; Mary, De- Margaret, September u, 1711. 

cember 10, 1734; Jonathan, mentioned (II) Henry (2) Wallbridge, son of 

below; Matthew, August 14, 1739; Dan- Henry (i) Wallbridge, was born at Nor- 

iel, December 3, 1744; Eunice, January 2, wich, Connecticut, May 26, 1696, and died 

1750. -there August 5, 1727. He married, Feb- 

(IV) Jonathan (2) Scott, son of Jona- ruary 21, 1722, Mary Jewett, who was 
than (i) Scott, was born at Sunderland, born November 22, 1700, daughter of 
January 28, 1737, died November 23, 1784. Eleazer and Mary Lamb, widow of Ed- 
He married Abigail, daughter of Joseph ward Jewett. Children, born at Norwich : 
and Ann (Bottom) Safford ; she died Oc- Anna, November 5, 1723; Eleazer, Febru- 
tober 16, 1806. She was a granddaughter ary 10, 1725; Henry, mentioned below, 
of Thomas Safford, who emigrated from (III) Henry (3) Wallbridge, son of 
England and settled in Ipswich in 1641. Henry (2) Wallbridge, was born January 
Children, born in Bennington : Lemuel, 23, 1727, at Norwich, and died September 
Novembers, 1764; Salena, December 25, 17, 1807, at Bennington, Vermont. He 
1766, married Rev. Samuel Holmes (see married at Norwich, Connecticut, De- 
Holmes I); Martin, December 22, 1768; cember 25, 1750, Anna, daughter of Dea- 

192 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAHPY 



con Joseph and Ann (Longbottom) Saf- 
ford. She was born at Norwich, Decem- 
ber u, 1730, and died at Bennington, De- 
cember 31, 1817. Henry Wallbridge and 
three children came to Bennington in 
1761 and he was elected selectman in 
1764. He joined the church, August 29, 
1765; was constable of the town in 1766; 
tithingman in 1767; fence viewer in 1768 
and collector of rates. He opposed the 
jurisdiction of New York over Vermont 
towns and was arrested with others 
for obstructing the survey of the grant 
from New York; in 1781 he \vas a 
juror. Children, born at Norwich : Asa, 
April n, 1752, died 1752; Asa, June 8, 
1753; Solomon, mentioned below; Anna, 
October 2, 1756; Silas, June 27, 1758. 
Born at Bennington : Lucy, February 10, 
1764; Asa, October 12, 1766; Esther, 
July 14, 1768, died unmarried in 1842; 
David, May 25, 1769; Sarah, April 10, 
1772; Mary, 1773. 

(IV) Solomon Wallbridge, son of 
Henry (3) Wallbridge, was born at Nor- 
wich, January 8, 1755, and died Septem- 
ber 15, 1814, at St. Albans, Vermont. 
Solomon Wallbridge was a soldier in 
the Revolution in Captain Samuel Robin- 
son's company at the battle of Benning- 
ton, August 16, 1777. In 1785 he removed 
to Cambridge, and in 1811-13 he was 
sheriff of Franklin county, Vermont. He 
was a representative in the Vermont 
Legislature, 1804, 1805, 1806, 1812, 1813. 
He married, February 28, 1777, Mary 
Holmes, born September 5, 1754, died 
about 1830 at Cambridge, Vermont. She 
was probably a daughter of Samuel 
Holmes. Both Holmes and Wallbridge 
families moved to Cambridge, Vermont, 
from Bennington. Children, born at Ben- 
nington : Mary, December 22, 1777 ; John, 
June 21, 1779; Anna, April 10, 1781; 
Martin, December 5, 1782; Henry, June 
24, 1784. Born at Cambridge: John, 
October 3, 1786; William, September 29, 
MASS Voi iv 13 193 



1788; Sarah, December 15, 1791; Almira, 
December 23, 1793; Solomon, May 5, 

1795- 

(V) Martin Wallbridge, son of Solo- 
mon Wallbridge, was born December 5, 
1782, at Bennington. Late in life he 
moved to New York State and died there. 
He married Phebe Perry, daughter of 
Josiah and Mary Perry, of Dudley, Mas- 
sachusetts. Children, born at Cambridge: 
Mary, born August 5, 1806; Almira, 
October 26, 1808; Sanford, January 25, 
1811; William Harrison, December 31, 
1813; Lucy, married Samuel Holmes, of 
Cambridge, Vermont (see Holmes II). 



SAWYER, Walter Fairbanks, 
Prominent Physician. 

This is one of the surnames which prob- 
ably arose from an occupation, and has 
been honored in America, since its trans- 
portation, by many leading citizens of 
various states. It has figured conspicu- 
ously in the United States Senate, in the 
ministry, in law and in the various call- 
ings pursued by the American people. It 
is ably and numerously represented in 
New England, and has contributed its 
proportion to the progress and develop- 
ment of the nation. It is shown that 
eighteen members of the Sawyer family 
from Lancaster, Massachusetts, alone, 
were in military service at the same time 
during the Revolution ; and one company, 
recruited in that town, was officered from 
captain down by Sawyers. 

(I) Thomas Sawyer, the American an- 
cestor, son of John Sawyer, of Lincoln- 
shire, England, was born about 1626, in 
Lincolnshire, and came to Massachusetts 
in 1636, with two elder brothers, and they 
settled in Rowley in 1639. As early as 
1647, when he was twenty-four years of 
age, he became one of the first six settlers 
of Lancaster, along with the Prescotts, 
Wilders, Houghtons and two other fam- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAHPY 



ilies. In May, 1653, the general court, in 
answer to a petition of the inhabitants of 
Lancaster, appointed Edward Breck, Na- 
thaniel Haddock, William Kerley, Thomas 
Sawyer, John Prescott and Ralph Hough- 
ton, "prudential managers," "both to see 
all alotments to be laid out for the plant- 
ers in due proportion to their estates, and 
also to order their prudential affairs." 
During this same year these managers 
allotted a part of the lands of the town. 
All divisions of land subsequent to the 
first, whether upland, intervale, meadow 
or swamp, were to be "accorded to men's 
estates," on the valuation of the taxable 
property which they brought into the set- 
tlement. Thomas Sawyer's property was 
valued at one hundred and ten pounds, 
which was about one forty-second part of 
the property held by the thirty adult male 
inhabitants of the town. Thomas Sawyer 
was made a freeman in 1654. He settled 
near the south branch of the Nashua river, 
and not far from the junction of that 
stream with the North branch. Here he 
built a house which was a garrison, and 
the scene of the most conspicuous events 
in the town's history. In 1704 this garri- 
son with nine men was commanded by 
Thomas (2) Sawyer, and was the place 
of defense of the families in the vicinity, 
in case of an attack by Indians. Thomas 
Sawyer and his family passed through 
some of the most horrible experiences of 
Indian warfare in this home of theirs. 
King Philip's war, which began in 1675, 
raised a storm which broke in great fury 
on Lancaster, August 22, 1675 (o. s.), and 
eight persons were killed in the town that 
day. February 9, 1676, King Philip, with 
fifteen hundred warriors attacked Lan- 
caster, and fifty persons, one-sixth of the 
inhabitants of the town, were captured or 
killed. Among the latter was Ephraim, 
the son of Thomas Sawyer, who was 
killed at Prescott's Garrison, in what is 



now the town of Clinton. The town in- 
cluded fifty families, and they made a 
heroic resistance, but overpowered by 
numbers they could not prevent the 
enemy from destroying a large number 
of their cattle and all but two of the 
houses in the settlement. After having 
been abandoned four years, the resettle- 
ment of the town was undertaken by the 
survivors of the massacre, one of whom 
was Thomas Sawyer. He was a black- 
smith, and after participating in the strug- 
gles and trials of fifty-three years he died 
in Lancaster, at the age of eighty years. 
He was buried in the old burying ground 
on the bank of the Nashua river, and his 
headstone still stands inscribed: "Thomas 
Sawyer, Dec'd, September 12, 1706." 
Thomas Sawyer married, in 1647, Mary, 
daughter of John and Mary (Platts) Pres- 
cott. John Prescott, blacksmith, was a 
native of Lancaster, England, and the 
first permanent inhabitant of Lancaster. 
He was the progenitor of Colonel Wil- 
liam Prescott, of Bunker Hill fame, and 
of William H. Prescott, the historian. 
The children of Thomas and Mary Saw- 
yer were : Thomas, Ephraim, Mary, Eliz- 
abeth, Joshua , James, Caleb, John and 
Nathaniel. 

(II) Caleb Sawyer, seventh child and 
fifth son of Thomas and Mary (Prescott) 
Sawyer, was born in Lancaster, April 20, 
1659. He outlived all the Harvard pio- 
neers, dying February 13, 1755, aged 
ninety-six years. He received a special 
grant of thirty acres from the Lancaster 
proprietors, as well as lands from his 
father, laid out upon the east side of 
Beare Hill, afterwards included in the 
town of Harvard, and probably built upon 
his lot shortly after the massacre of 1697. 
Near his home was the famous "Rendez- 
vous Tree," often mentioned in old rec- 
ords of land and highways, tantalizing us 
with suggestions of romance, no detail of 



194 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAHPY 



which has been preserved by history or 
tradition. His dwelling is still standing, 
and is occupied as a residence. This house 
was one of the garrisons of the town dur- 
ing the Indian wars, and here he lived 
for more than fifty years, and here he 
died. In the town and church affairs of 
his time he was an active and useful man. 
He divided the home acres several years 
before his death between his sons Jona- 
than and Seth, the latter living with his 
father in the old house, and Jonathan 
building a short distance to the north. 
Caleb Sawyer married, December 28, 
1687, Sarah Houghton, born February 16, 
1661, the daughter of Ralph and Jane 
Houghton, granddaughter of James 
Houghton, thus affecting an alliance be- 
tween two of the most prominent families 
which organized the town of Lancaster. 
She died November 15, 1757, in the nine- 
tieth year of her age. The children of 
this union were : Hepsibah, Abigail, 
Jonathan, John and Seth. 

(III) Jonathan Sawyer, eldest son of 
Caleb and Sarah (Houghton) Sawyer, 
born about 1689-90, married Elizabeth 
Wheelock, and their children, baptized in 
Lancaster, were: Jonathan, mentioned 
below; Elizabeth, October 6, 1717; Caleb, 
July 19, 1720; Lois, 1724, died young; 
Olive, May 2, 1726; Sarah, July 3, 1727; 
Manasseh, June i, 1729; Lois, August 6, 
1732. 

(IV) Jonathan (2) Sawyer, eldest child 
of Jonathan (i) and Elizabeth (Whee- 
lock) Sawyer, was baptized June 24, 1716, 
in Lancaster, and died February 21, 1805, 
in Bolton, Massachusetts. He married, 
in Harvard, Septem.ber 30, 1740, Betty 
Whitney, daughter of John and Elizabeth 
(Barnard) Whitney, of Bolton. The 
births of three of their children are 
recorded in Bolton. In the time when 
Lancaster was being divided into the 
several towns which now constitute its 



original territory, many items failed to 
be recorded. The children of Jonathan 
Sawyer, born in Bolton, were : John, 
March 31, 1748; Adington, October 14, 
1752; Sarah, June 26, 1758. 

(V) Jonathan (3) Sawyer, undoubted- 
ly a son of Jonathan (2) and Betty 
(Whitney) Sawyer, was born 1750, and 
resided in Harvard until 1782. He was 
one of the minute-men of 1775 in Captain 
Isaac Gates first company, Colonel Asa 
Whitcomb's regiment, which marched 
April 19, 1775, on the Lexington Alarm. 
About 1782 he removed to Hancock, New 
Hampshire, where he died March 14, 
1812. He married Isabella Grimes, born 
1749, died July 14, 1832, presumably of 
the family of that name, which settled in 
Hancock. Children, all born in that 
town: Jonathan, April 2, 1774; Rhoda, 
August 16, 1776, died 1779; Daniel, Sep- 
tember 10, 1778; Josiah, October 28, 
1780; Nathaniel, January 6, 1783; Abel, 
January 18, 1785; Rhode, May 30, 1787; 
Henry, mentioned below; Polly, April 
28, 1791. 

(VI) Henry Sawyer, sixth son of 
Jonathan (3) and Isabella (Grimes) Saw- 
yer, was born March 6, 1789, in Hancock, 
and died March 20, 1861, in Marlboro, 
New Hampshire. About 1821 he settled 
in Marlow, New Hampshire, whence he 
removed, April i, 1845, to Marlboro, 
where he engaged in farming through the 
remainder of his life. He married, April 
12, 1821, Roxelana Emerson, born Feb- 
ruary 28, 1797, in Richmond, New Hamp- 
shire, died September 24, 1860, in Marl- 
boro, daughter of Moses and Abigail 
(Allen) Emerson. Moses Emerson was 
born July 14, 1772, in Haverhill, Massa- 
chusetts, and died February 9, 1854. 
Abigail Allen, born December 5, 1778, 
died September 21, 1845. Henry Saw- 
yer's children : Mary Ann, , born De- 
cember 30, 1821, married John- 



195 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAHPY 

son ; Rhoda, March 14, 1823 ; Caroline, He married, June 28, 1865, Sarah Whitte- 

October 26, 1824; Adeline, July 6, 1826; more Fairbanks, born May 8, 1832, in 

Harriet, March 3, 1828; Elizabeth, Feb- Troy, New Hampshire, died October 26, 

ruary 26, 1830; Daniel H., mentioned be- l895> daughter of Cyrus and Betsey 

low; Wyman, February 3, 1835, now liv- (Jackson) Fairbanks, of that town (see 

ing in Wmchenden, Massachusetts. Fairbanks VII). Mr. and Mrs. Daniel 

(VII) Daniel H. Sawyer, elder son of H Sawyer wre the parentg Q Qne ^ 

Henry and Roxelana (Emerson) Sawyer, mentioned below 

was born January 6, 1832, in Marlow, /IT-TTT\ r -ixr u TT u i c 

AT , ,. -. , , (VIII) Dr. Walter Fairbanks Sawyer, 

New Hampshire, and died in Intchburg, ,.;., 

Tvr , IT u rf onl y child of Daniel H. and Sarah Whitte- 

Massachusetts, February 2, 1909. He 

learned the trade of carpenter, and as a more (Fairbanks) Sawyer, was born 
young man located in Keene, New Hamp- February 5, 1868, in Keene, New Hamp- 
shire, where he continued at his trade, shire - He received his early educational 
carrying out numerous contracts. Sub- training in the public schools of that city. 
sequently, in partnership with Mr. Jo- He was subsequently a student at the 
tham A. French, he opened a photo- Holderness School for Boys, at Holder- 
graphic studio, which was conducted ness, New Hampshire, Gushing Acad- 
many years by the firm of French & emy, at Ashburnham, Massachusetts, and 
Sawyer. In 1872 a fire destroyed their Harvard College. In 1893 he received the 
establishment, and following this Mr. degree of Doctor of Medicine at Harvard 
Sawyer again engaged in building oper- Medical School, and for one year follow- 
ations, and during the next seven years ing was house pupil at the McLane Hos- 
he erected numerous structures. In 1879 pital, and for one and one-half years was 
he was appointed superintendent of the surgical house officer at the Boston City 
water works in Keene, and held this posi- Hospital. Dr. Sawyer then located in 
tion ten years, at the end of which period Fitchburg, Massachusetts, and since that 
he resigned. In company with Mr. D. time has been actively engaged in the 
W. Mason, he purchased an insurance practice of his chosen profession. He is 
business, which was continued by the firm a member of the American Medical Asso- 
of Sawyer & Mason until 1902, when the ciation, the Massachusetts Medical So- 
former sold out his interest and removed ciety, and also of the Harvard Medical 
to Fitchburg, retiring from active life. Alumni Association and the Boston City 
Though not an active politician, Mr. Hospital Alumni Association. He is visit- 
Sawyer held settled views regarding the ing surgeon at the Burbank Hospital, of 
conduct of public affairs, and acted with Fitchburg. In religious faith he is an 
the Republican party. While in Keene Episcopalian, being a vestryman of Christ 
he served as a member of the City Coun- Church, of Fitchburg. On June 27, 1900, 
cil. Mr. Sawyer was possessed of an Dr. Sawyer was united in marriage to 
excellent voice, which he cultivated some- Grace Ethel Mossman, of Fitchburg, 
what in his youth, and was for several Massachusetts, daughter of Jerome and 
years a member of a male quartet in Helen (Smith) Mossman, and to this 
Keene. A Unitarian in religious belief, union have been born two children, name- 
he was affiliated with the Masonic frater- ly : Walter Fairbanks, Jr., born Decem- 
nity, being a charter member of the Blue ber 23, 1902, and Helen Mossman, born 
Lodge and also a member of the chapter. November 22, 1907. 

196 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAHPY 

(The Fairbanks Line). measure out those polls of meadow which 
Nearly all persons in the United States adjoin to men's lots, and to mete out so 
bearing the name of Fairbanks or Fair- much meadow in several parcels as is 
bank, except by marriage, are related by allotted unto every man according to the 
direct descent from Jonathan, the first, grant made unto them." In 1638 he was 
while there are many who take a justifi- allowed six acres more, which was later 
able pride in tracing their lineage back to exchanged for other land ; and at other 
mothers born to the inheritance. The times following he received various small 
immigrant often wrote his name Fair- grants. He was admitted townsman and 
banke, and occasionally ffayerbanke. In signed the covenant in 1654. He died 
his will and the inventory of his property in Dedham, December 5, 1668. He mar- 
there appears the variations ffarbanke, ried Grace Lee. She died "28th 10 mo. 
ffarebanks, Fairbancke. Among the mem- 1672." Their children were all born in 
bers of this ancient family are many who England, as follows: John, George, 
have distinguished themselves in the pro- Mary, Susan, Jonas and Jonathan, 
fessions, in business and in politics, and (II) Jonas Fairbanks, third son of 
one has filled the office of vice-president Jonathan Fairbanks, was born in England 
of the United States; another has been and came to Dedham with his parents, 
governor of a State, and many have been In 1657 he removed to Lancaster, and 
notable in the arts and industries ; among March 7, 1659, signed the covenant, and 
the latter those of the later generations of became "one of the fathers of the town." 
the present line. He was by occupation a farmer, and it 
(I) Jonathan Fairbanks came from is believed also a carpenter. In 1652 he 
Sowerby in the West Riding of York- was fined for wearing great boots before 
shire, England, to Boston, Massachusetts, he was worth two hundred pounds, which 
in the year 1633, and in 1636 settled in was contrary to a regulation of the gov- 
Dedham, where he first built the noted ernment of Massachusetts, ordered in 
"Old Fairbanks House," which is still 1651. He was killed with his son Joshua 
standing as an ancient landmark, the in a raid made by King Philip and his 
oldest dwelling in New England which warriors upon the settlement, February 
for the same period of time has been con- 10, 1675-76. At this time from fifty to 
tinuously owned and occupied by the fifty-five persons were massacred and 
builder and his lineal descendants. He twenty or more carried into captivity, 
was one of the earliest settlers of Ded- His son Jonathan and one of his children 
ham, which was established 1636, and were also victims of the massacre of Sep- 
signed the covenant, March 23, 1637. Be- tember 22, 1697. He married, May 28, 
fore 1637 Jonathan Fairbanks had been 1658, Lydia, daughter of John Prescott, 
granted at least one of the twelve-acre who came from Sowerby, parish of Hali- 
lots into which the first allotment was fax, England. She was born in Water- 
divided, with four acres of swamp land, town, Massachusetts, August 15, 1641. 
for the same year he received as his por- After his death she married Elias Barron, 
tion of a further allotment four acres of of Watertown, afterward of Groton and 
"Swamp" land, this additional grant be- Lancaster. Children : Marie, born June 
ing made on account of the swampy con- 20, 1659; Joshua, April 6, 1661, killed by 
dition of a portion of the first grant. In the Indians, February 10, 1675-76; Grace, 
1638 he was appointed with others "to born November 15, 1663 ; Jonathan, Octo- 

197 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAHPY 

ber 7, 1666; Hasadiah, February 28, 1668; comb, March 25, 1719. She died May u, 
Jabez, mentioned below; Jonas, May 6, 1755, aged eighty years. Children: Jo- 
1673. seph, mentioned below ; Jabez ; Elizabeth, 
(III) Captain Jabez Fairbanks, son of married, December 24, 1718, Deliverance 
Jonas and Lydia (Prescott) Fairbanks, Brown; Jonas, Thomas, Abigail, 
was born in Lancaster, January 8, 1670, (IV) Joseph Fairbanks, eldest child of 
died there March 2, 1758. He was a very Captain Jabez and Mary (Wilder) Fair- 
efficient soldier and officer in the Indian banks, was born in 1693 m Lancaster, 
wars, and was doubtless incited to heroic and died December 6, 1772, in Harvard, 
exploits by the massacre of his father and Massachusetts. In 1732 the district in 
brother in 1676, and of his only surviving which he lived became a part of the town 
brother in 1697. During the raid on the of Harvard, and he joined others in form- 
town in the latter year, he was the means ing a church there, September 9, 1733. 
of saving a garrison and perhaps many In that year he was selectman of the 
lives. The historian, Marvin, speaks of town, also in 1735, 1743, and from 1745 to 
him in this connection, as follows : "First 1752. From 1736 to 1740 he was town 
in the order of time of our military heroes, treasurer, was chosen representative in 
was Lieutenant afterwards Captain Jabez 1740, but declined to serve. He was a 
Fairbanks. He was a famous scouting member of most of the town committees 
officer, and traversed large sections of the during the exciting times preceding the 
country to the north, east and west, in outbreak of the Revolution, including the 
search of prowling Indians. During the committee to consider the form of gov- 
war of 1722, sometimes known as Dum- ernment adopted by the colony. In 1750 
mer's War, because it was carried on he was deacon of the church, and was 
under the direction of William Dummer, seated ninth on the "fore seat below." 
acting governor of the colony, the serv- Members were then seated in the church 
ices of Captain Jabez Fairbanks were according to age and amount paid for 
sought by the latter to enlist men. He support of the ministry. In 1766, when 
was offered the choice of the office of the church was reseated, he was first on 
sergeant if he remained at home in Lan- the front seat. He built his house about 
caster or that of lieutenant if he were 1720, and it is still standing, though much 
willing to serve at Groton or at Turkey modified by modern additions and 
Hill. He chose the latter, and at once changes. He married, April 21, 1718, 
entered the service. He reported directly Mary Brown, born December 8, 1699, 
to the Governor during the war, and the died November 14, 1791, almost ninety- 
published correspondence between them two years old. Children : Phineas, born 
furnishes many interesting chapters of April 8, 1719; Mary, died young; Jo- 
history." In 1700 he had lands laid out seph, mentioned below; Mercy, February 
to him, and upon this site the home of 6, 1725; Cyrus, May 23, 1726; Mary, 
the family remained for over a hundred January 19, 1729; Lydia, August 16, 1731 ; 
years. In 1714-21-22-23 he was a repre- Elizabeth, May i, 1734; Amos, April 21, 
sentative to the General Court. He mar- 1737; Relief, December 31, 1739. 
ried (first) Mary, daughter of Thomas (V) Joseph (2) Fairbanks, second son 
and Mary (Houghton) Wilder, who died of Joseph (i) and Mary (Brown) Fair- 
February 21, 1718, in her forty-third year, banks, was born November 4, 1722, in 
He married (second) Elizabeth Whit- what is now the town of Harvard, and 

198 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAHPY 

died in 1802, at the age of eighty years, the Revolution, and the last pensioner 
He was captain in a regiment of foot living in Ashburnham. He was a drum- 
alarm men under Colonel Asa Whitcomb, mer in Captain Jonathan Davis' company 
which marched to Cambridge, April 19, of Colonel John Whitcomb's regiment of 
1/75. He was also a captain of the first minute-men, which marched on the Lex- 
Harvard company of militia in the Second ington Alarm, April 19, 1775, and was 
Worcester Regiment, and was chosen in later under the same officers in the eight 
March, 1776, a member of the committee months' service at the siege of Boston, 
of correspondence and safety. He was located at Cambridge and Prospect Hill, 
one of the promoters of the social library, In 1776 he was a drum-major in the army, 
March 3, 1798, was assessor in 1752-53; operating along the Hudson, marching by 
1756-57-58; 1771-72; 1775-76; treasurer way of Worcester, New Haven, and 
from 1767 to 1769, and selectman in 1769, White Plains to Dobbs Ferry. In Sep- 
1772 and 1777. He married (first) No- tember, 1777, he enlisted at Harvard in 
vember 11, 1742, Mary Willard, born Oc- the expedition against Burgoyne, and 
tober 9, 1722, baptized December 22 same was corporal in a company organized at 
year in Harvard, daughter of Hezekiah Petersham under Captain Hill. They 
and Anna (Wilder) Willard, died August marched through Bennington to Fort 
26, 1748. He married (second) October Edward, New York. He married, August 
4, 1749, Abigail Tarbell, born June 6, 25, 1779, Mercy Hale, born February 7, 
1722, in Groton, Massachusetts, died 1756, in Stowe, Massachusetts, daughter 
April 12, 1798, daughter of Thomas and of Jacob and Elizabeth (Holman) Hale. 
Abigail (Parker) Tarbell. He married She died in 1840 in Ashburnham. Chil- 
(third) February 19, 1801, when in his dren : Sally, born August 8, 1780; Jacob, 
seventy-ninth year, Mrs. Mary Willard. March 17, 1782; Mercy, October 7, 1784; 
Children of first marriage : Joseph, born Cyrus, mentioned below ; Abigail, Febru- 
December 5, 1743 ; Jabez, March 8, 1745; ary 24, 1789; Artemas, May 26, 1791; 
Anna, March 28, 1746; children of second Betsey, April 10, 1796. 
marriage: Thomas, born November 12, (VII) Cyrus (2) Fairbanks, second son 
1750, died young; Cyrus, mentioned be- of Cyrus (i) and Mercy (Hale) Fair- 
low; Ephraim, October 18, 1753; Levi, banks, was born November 17, 1786, in 
May 29, 1755 ; Abigail, November 24, Harvard, and was two years of age when 
T 756; Jonathan, September 4, 1758; his parents removed to Ashburnham. 
Mary, July 13, 1762; Thomas, May 7, When a youth he had the misfortune to 
1764; also Benjamin, mentioned in his lose the use of his lower limbs, and 
will. learned the trade of shoemaker, which he 
(VI) Cyrus Fairbanks, fourth son of long followed. About 1817 he removed 
Captain Joseph (2) Fairbanks, and second to Troy, New Hampshire, where his 
child of his second wife, Abigail (Tarbell) death occurred, November 23, 1861. He 
Fairbanks, was born May 12, 1752, in married, July 3, 1817, Betsey Jackson, 
Harvard, and settled in Ashburnham, born August 5. 1790, in Westminster, 
Massachusetts, in 1788. Between 1815 Massachusetts, daughter of Oliver and 
and 1820 he resided in Troy, New Hamp- Mary (Pierce) Jackson, died April 29, 
shire, but returned to Ashburnham, 1868. Children: Eliza, born March 22, 
where he died June 18, 1852, over one 1818; Silas H., December 7, 1819; Mary 
hundred years old. He was a soldier of Ann, December 3, 1822 ; George, October 

199 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAHPY 



22, 1825; Charles, March 15, 1827; 
Walter A., January 5, 1830; Sarah Whit- 
temore, mentioned below ; Caroline A., 
June 6, 1836. 

(VIII) Sarah Whittemore Fairbanks, 
third daughter of Cyrus (2) and Betsey 
(Jackson) Fairbanks, was born May 8, 
1832, in Troy, New Hampshire, became 
the wife of Daniel H. Sawyer, of Keene, 
New Hampshire (see Sawyer VII). 



HOBBS, Hon. Clarence Whitman, 

Legislator, Prominent Citizen. 

Two pioneers, probably brothers, of the 
Hobbs family came early to Ipswich. 
The elder, Maurice Hobbs, was in New- 
bury in 1642, removed to Hampton, New 
Hampshire. 

(I) Thomas Hobbs settled in Salem. 
He was a witness in court in 1648. He 
deposed in 1679 that he was fifty-four 
years old, stating that he was living at 
Wenham in 1651. His wife Martha died 
at Wenham, August 24, 1672. He may 
have married again, for a Widow Hobs 
died in 1715 at Wenham. He died in 
Boston in 1690, but his inventory was 
filed at Salem by Richard Hutton and 
John Gilbert, May 26, 1691. Jonathan 
Hobbs, his son, was appointed administra- 
tor, September 29, 1691. (P. 141 Vol. V. 
Essex Inst. Coll.) Thomas Hobbs was 
in King Philip's War in Captain Lath- 
rop's company, killed at Bloody Brook, 
September 18, 1675. This Thomas was 
doubtless a son. (See Hist. Ipswich p. 
220). Thomas had other children. He 
may have been father of William of 
Topsfield and was probably father of 
John who was also killed in King Philip's 
War. 

(II) Jonathan Hobbs, son of Thomas 
Hobbs, was born about 1650 and died 
April 9, 1725. He lived in Ipswich. He 
married Rebecca . Children, born 



at Ipswich: Rebecca, December 3, 1677; 
Jonathan, December 23, 1678; John, men- 
tioned below ; Mary, February 7, 1681 ; 
Caleb, May 10, 1683, married Deborah 
Weed; Elizabeth, July 4, 1699; Benjamin 
(?); Abraham (?). 

(III) John Hobbs, son of Jonathan 
Hobbs, was born at Ipswich, April 25, 
1680, and died April 3, 1751. No record 
of his children or those of his brothers 
can be found. The vital records are lack- 
ing at this point and the probate records 
and deeds do not supply the information. 
He married, in 1706, Elizabeth Stinson, 
born January n, 1680, daughter of 
George Stinson, of Ipswich. Jeremiah 
was a common name in the Stinson 
family. 

(IV) Jeremiah Hobbs, son or nephew 
of John Hobbs, was born at Ipswich 
about 1715. He married at Ipswich, April 
10,1740, Mary Gilbert, daughter of Daniel 
Gilbert. After the birth of their first 
child in 1742 Jeremiah and Mary sold to 
"our brother,'-' Jeremiah Low of Ipswich 
a fifth of the estate of "our father" 
Daniel Gilbert, of Ipswich, and Eliza 
Burnham, "mother of said wife of Jere- 
miah Hobbs, does yield up her right of 
dower," October 15, 1742. (Essex Deeds 
vol. 93, p. 4). Jeremiah Hobbs moved to 
Hopkinton soon afterward ; lived there 
from 1744 to 1752-53; then in Holliston 
till 1758 or later and again in Hopkinton. 
Children: i. Daniel, born at Ipswich, 
baptized June 27, 1742. Born at Hop- 
kinton : 2. Mary, baptized January 13, 
1744-45. 3. Jeremiah, mentioned below. 
4. Elizabeth, baptized April 16, 1749. 5. 
Susannah, baptized May 26, 1751. Born 
at Holliston : 6. Gilbert, baptized March 
25, 1753. 7. Elizabeth, baptized January 
i, 1758. 8. Amos, 1761, at Hopkinton. 

(V) Jeremiah (2) Hobbs, son of Jere- 
miah (i) Hobbs, was born at Hopkin- 
ton, June 14, 1747, baptized June 21, 1747, 



200 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAHPY 

and died June 17, 1814. He removed to 1821; Milton Wilkins, April 30, 1823; 

Gray, Maine. Amos Hobbs, his brother, Cornelius Washington, June 5, 1826. 

went with him and was a soldier from (VII) William W'hitman Hobbs, son 

Gray in the Revolution in 1779. In 1786 of William Hobbs, was born in Norway, 

Amos and Jeremiah were of the five first Maine, May 20, 1810. When a young 

settlers at Rustfield, now Norway, Maine, man he taught school at Paris Hill, Au- 

Jeremiah cleared a lot in the Cummings gusta, Andover, and other towns in 

purchase east of the present site of the Maine. After his marriage he followed 

Congregational church. The five pioneers farming in Norway. In 1849 he crossed 

built their cabins there in the spring of the continent in charge of a company of 

1787 and in the summer removed their gold-seekers and spent two years in Cali- 

families thither from Shepardsfield where fornia. When he returned he conducted 

they stayed for a time. In 1790 the the homestead at Norway. He was 

federal census shows Jeremiah and Amos selectman in 1850 and representative in 

living at Rustfield. He married, about the Maine Legislature in 1865. For 

1770, Anna Fowler, who was born in many years he was deputy sheriff. For 
Kittery, Maine, October 20, 1746, died two years he held a department position 
June 18, 1824. Children : Olive, May 30, in Washington, but life at the capital was 

1771, married Joel Stevens; Miriam, July uncongenial and he resigned. He re- 
17, 1772, married, May 17, 1791, Nathan moved late in life to Minnesota, engaged 
Foster (the first marriage in Norway) ; in business there and died there in 1876. 
Wealthy, born February 10, 1774, died in He married, June 17, 1840, at Andover, 
April, 1845, married John Daniels, Jr., Maine, Sarah Farrington Merrill, daugh- 
of Paris, Maine; Anna, March 15, 1776, ter of Deacon Ezekiel Merrill (see Mer- 
died 1849, married Deacon John Horr; rill). Children: Adela Sophronia, born 
Daniel, September 17, 1778; William, July 12, 1842, married, April 18, 1867, 
April 2, 1780, died February 19, 1845; John Milton Adams, of Portland, Maine ; 
Sally, January 8, 1782, died February 15, Sarah Frances, June u, 1847, died Sep- 
1850; Jeremiah, January 17, 1785, died tember 10, 1851; Clarence Whitman, 
February 15, 1850; Lydia, at Norway, mentioned below. 

August 20, 1789. (VIII) Clarence Whitman Hobbs, son 

(VI) William Hobbs, son of Jeremiah of William Whitman Hobbs, was born at 

(2) Hobbs, was born in Maine, April 2, Norway, Maine, January 27, 1852. He 

1780, died February 19, 1845. He was a was educated in the public schools of his 

general merchant in Norway. His store native town. His business career began 

was near the center of the town; he was in 1870 in the office of the "Daily Eastern 

prominent in town affairs. He married Argus," of Portland. Soon afterward he 

Catherine Wetherbee, born May 26, 1787, became a clerk in the First National 

daughter of Judah and Catherine Whit- Bank. In 1883 he began to manufacture 

man. Children : Charlotte Sophronia, paper boxes at Lynn, Massachusetts, 

born October 29, 1808, married Dr. Na- under the name of the New England 

thaniel Grant, removed to Ossipee, New Paper Box Company. He sold out in 

Hampshire; William Whitman, men- 1888 and removed to Boston. In 1891 

tioned below ; Jeremiah Wellington, June he organized the Hobbs Manufacturing 

8, 1814; Charles Leslie, June 10, 1816, Company with Richard Sugden and 

died May 16, 1834; Henry Hill, March 13, Harry W. Goddard of the Spencer Wire 

201 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAHPY 

Company. The company began to make ing. In politics Mr. Hobbs is a Repub- 
paper box machinery in a building on lican. He served one year on the Repub- 
Union street, Worcester. The business lican city committee. In 1909 he repre- 
was incorporated in 1895 and in 1903 sented his ward in the Common Council, 
occupied the factory at No. 26 Salisbury and in 1910, 1911 and 1912 in the General 
street, purchased of Witherby, Rugg & Court. In the house he was on the 
Richardson. Another large brick build- committee on legal affairs in 1910; on the 
ing was erected. Mr. Hobbs is president committee on the judiciary in 1911-12 
of the company, Mr. Goddard is treasurer, and clerk the second year; chairman of 
He is a member of the Commonwealth the committee on elections in 1912. He 
Club, Congregational Club, Economic was State Senator in 1913 and 1914, and 
Club, the Central Congregational Church, is now serving his third term. In 1913 
Young Men's Christian Association, and he was member of the committee on the 
the Chamber of Commerce. judiciary, fisheries and game, and chair- 
He married, June 13, 1877, Marion man of cities. In 1914 he was on the 
Blanchard Twitchell, daughter of Samuel committee on election laws and chairman 
B. and Malvina A. (Chapman) Twitchell, of the judiciary committee and committee 
of Bethel, Maine. Children: I. Clarence on constitutional amendments. In 1915 
Whitman, Jr., mentioned below. 2. he was chairman of the committee on 
Samuel Twitchell, born at Portland, railroads. Senator Hobbs ranks among 
Maine, October 29, 1880, graduate of the most capable, efficient and useful men 
Classical High School of Worcester, and in the Legislature. He is a forceful and 
of Harvard College, Bachelor of Arts, convincing public speaker and has taken 
1903; Master of Arts, 1904; salesman for a prominent part in political campaigns 
the Hobbs Manufacturing Company. He in the city and State in recent years, 
married Anna Nightingale Warren, He is a member of the Harvard Phi 
daughter of Charles H. and Anna (Night- Beta Kappa; Morning Star Lodge, Free 
ingale) Warren, of Providence, Rhode Masons; the Worcester County Republi- 
Island. He is a member of Economic can Club ; the Massachusetts Republican 
Club, the Harvard Club of Worcester, Club ; the Worcester Economic Club ; the 
and is on the board of directors of the Chamber of Commerce; and the Young 
Hobbs Manufacturing Company. Men's Christian Association. He was 
(IX) Hon. Clarence W. Hobbs, Jr., for three years parish treasurer of the 
son of Clarence Whitman Hobbs, was Central Congregational Church and in 
born at Woodford, now part of Portland, 1914 was president of the Worcester 
Maine, October I, 1878. He attended the Congregational Club. 

public schools at Lynn and graduated He married, August 20, 1913, at Ben- 
from the Classical High School, W T orces- nington, Vermont, Florence Mariner Pot- 
ter, in 1898, and from Harvard College ter, daughter of Charles H. and Elizabeth 
in 1902, Bachelor of Arts, magna cum (Phillips) Potter. 
laude. He graduated two vears later 

-,,,,, (The Merrill Line). 

from the Harvard Law School and began 

to practice. For two years he was in the The surname Merrill was Anglicized 

office of George S. Taft. former district from the French De Merle. Merle signifies 

attorney. His offices for several years a blackbird and its original is said to have 

have been at No. 532 State Mutual build- derived the name from the figure of a black- 

202 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAHPY 



bird displayed at his door. The ancient 
seat of the De Merles in France was at 
Place de Dombes in Arvergne. There is 
a village of Merle in Aisne. The English 
Merrills, however, trace their ancestry ta 
a follower of William the Conqueror. 
The coat-of-arms, which was used on a 
deed in 1726 by Thomas Morrill, grand- 
son of the American pioneer, and is in 
general use by the family, is described : 
Or a barrulet between three peacocks' 
heads erased proper. Crest A peacock's 
head erased proper. Motto: Per aspcra 
ad astro. According to family tradition, 
the American family is descended from 
a French Huguenot who fled to England 
at the time of the massacre of St. Bar- 
tholomew in 1552 and settled at Salis- 
bury, Wiltshire. John and Nathaniel 
Merrill, brothers, came to New England 
from Salisbury, about 1636. John settled 
at Ipswich, but removed to Newbury in 
1638 and died there September 12, 1673, 
leaving no sons. Hence all of the old 
Merrill families are descended from Na- 
thaniel. 

(I) Nathaniel Merrill, the immigrant 
ancestor, came to Ipswich but was one 
of the founders of Newbury in 1638. He 
married Susanna Wolterton, sister of 
Gregory. Nathaniel died at Newbury, 
March 16, 1654-55. His widow married 
Stephen Jordan. His will was proved 
March 27, 1655, bequeathing to wife 
Susanna, children, Susanna, Nathaniel, 
John, Abraham, Daniel and Abel. His 
brother John was one of the overseers of 
the will. Children: John, born 1635; 
Abraham, 1637, married Abigail Web- 
ster; Nathaniel, 1638; Susanna, 1640; 
Daniel, August 20, 1642, married Sarah 
Clough ; Abel, mentioned below ; Thomas, 
1648. 

(II) Abel Merrill, son of Nathaniel 
Merrill, was born February 20, 1645-46. 
He lived in Newbury, and married there, 



February 10, 1670, Priscilla Chase, daugh- 
ter of Aquila and Anne (Wheeler) Chase. 
Children, born at Newbury : Deacon Abel, 
born December 28, 1671, married, June 
19, 1694, Abigail Stevens; Susanna, born 
November 14, 1673, married Benjamin 
Morse, Jr.; Nathan, April 3, 1676; 
Thomas, January i, 1678-79, married 
Judith Kent; Joseph, July 12, 1681 ; Na- 
thaniel, mentioned below; Priscilla, July 
3, 1686, married Nathaniel Noyes ; James, 
January 27, 1689, married Mary Adams. 

(III) Nathaniel Merrill, son of Abel 
Merrill, was born February 6, 1683, at 
Newbury, and died there February 22, 
1743, aged sixty years. He married at 
Newbury, July 28, 1709, Hannah Stevens, 
daughter of Deacon Thomas and Martha 
(Bartlett) Stevens. Administration was 
granted his son Roger, May 7, 1744. 
They had but one child, Roger, mentioned 
below. 

(IV) Roger Merrill, son of Nathaniel 
Merrill, was born March 10, 1711, at New- 
bury. He married, March 10, 1730, Mary 
Hale (not Hall as given in "Old Salis- 
bury Families"). She was a daughter of 
Ezekiel and Ruth (Emery) Hale. Chil- 
dren, born at Newbury: Nathaniel, born 
April 13, 1732; Hannah, July 9, 1733; 
Mary, March 31, 1735; Mary, March 27, 
1738; Elizabeth, October 30, 1739; Pris- 
cilla, January 7, 1741 ; Roger, February 
7, 1742, died young; Roger, February 20, 
1743; Priscilla, August 31, 1746; Ezekiel, 
mentioned below; John, April 3, 1750; 
Joseph, July 10, 1751 ; Elizabeth, Decem- 
ber 10, 1756. 

(V) Ezekiel Merrill, son of Roger 
Merrill, was born at Newbury, December 
9, 1748, and died at Andover, Maine, 
March 16, 1830. He was a soldier in the 
Revolution, a corporal in Captain Wil- 
liam Roger's company of minutemen 
from Newbury, April 19, 1775. (Mass. 
Soldiers and Sailors in the Revolution). 



203 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAHPY 



He was a corporal from Pelham, New 
Hampshire, in Captain David Quinby's 
company, Colonel Josiah Bartlett's regi- 
ment (also known as Colonel Wingate's) 
in July, 1776 (N. H. State Papers, vol. 
15, p. 252). He married, July 13, 1773, at 
Newbury, Sarah Emery, of West New- 
bury, born July 13, 1753, died March 4, 
1847, at Andover, Maine. In an account 
of Andover in the "Maine Gazetteer," it 
is stated that the township was purchased 
of Massachusetts in 1791 by Samuel 
Johnson and others of Andover, Massa- 
chusetts. The first settler was Ezekiel 
Merrill who in 1789 came with his wife 
and six children from Andover, Massa- 
chusetts (should be Pelham, New Hamp- 
shire, an adjacent town), having stopped 
by the way at Fryeburg. He and three 
sons drew their household effects on 
hand-sleds through the woods, their only 
guide being the spotted trail of the In- 
dians. Mrs. Merrill lived for three years 
without seeing a white woman. Chil- 
dren: Ezekiel, mentioned below; Roger; 
Sarah, married Peregrine Bartlett; Mary, 
born February 3, 1791, married Dr. 
Silvanus Poor ; Moses ; Susan ; Anne ; 
Lydia, married Isaac Winslow. 

(VI) Ezekiel Merrill, son of Ezekiel 
Merrill, was born November 15, 1782, at 
Pelham, New Hampshire, died at An- 
dover, Maine, September 14, 1853. He 
married at Andover, Maine, June 12, 1809, 
Phebe Varnum Farrington, who was 
born at Andover, Massachusetts, March 
22, 1781, and died at Andover, Maine, De- 
cember 28, 1848. Children: I. Ezekiel 
Emery, born January 22, 1811. 2. Phebe 
Varnum, February 3, 1813 ; married, Feb- 
ruary 18, 1836, Daniel Carey Dresser. 
3. Henry Putnam, November 3, 1814, died 
in Montreal. 4. John Farrington, No- 
vember 15, 1816. 5. Sarah Farrington, 
November 15, 1818; married, June 17, 
1840, William Whitman Hobbs (see 



Hobbs). 6. John Farrington, April n, 
1821, died in 1905. 7. Martha Swan, died 
young. 8. Martha Swan, March 10, 1827, 
died September 10, 1905. 9. Lydia Talbot, 
June 6, 1829. 



KINSMAN, Frederick Gibbs, 
Civil War Veteran. 

This name appears often in the early 
records of Massachusetts as Kingsman, 
and has been identified with the pioneer 
settlement and subsequent growth and 
development of New England, as well as 
of many other States. Those who bear 
the name have borne their share in main- 
taining the New England reputation for 
industry, thrift and sound moral prin- 
ciples. 

(I) Robert Kinsman took the oath of 
supremacy and allegiance at London, 
March 24, 1633, and sailed within a day or 
two from London on the ship "Mary and 
John," Robert Sayres, master. He arrived 
at Boston in May of the same year, and 
soon after settled at Ipswich, Massa- 
chusetts, where he was granted, in 1637, 
a house lot of one acre, a planting lot of 
six acres, and thirty-four acres of upland 
and meadow on the west side of Chebacco 
river. His house stood very near the 
present location of the South Church in 
Ipswich, where he died, January 28, 1665. 
There is no record of his marriage or 
wife. It is probable that his three young- 
est children were born in Ipswich, but 
their births are not recorded. The inven- 
tory of his estate, made March 28, 1665, 
amounted to two hundred and thirty-four 
pounds, eleven shillings. His will made 
large gifts for that day in money to his 
daughter Mary and her children and 
relatives. Children: Robert, Mary, 
Sarah, Hannah, Martha, Tabitha. 

(II) Robert (2) Kinsman, only son of 
Robert (i) Kinsman, was born in 1629, 



204 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAHPY 

and died at Ipswich, February 19, 1712. Deacon John and Mary Burnham, of 

He was in full communion with the Ipswich. Children : Stephen, mentioned 

church at Ipswich, February 22, 1673, and below; Elizabeth, born about 1690; 

was therefore eligible to admission as a Thomas, April 3, 1693; Mary, October 

freeman, which took place March n, 10, 1695. 

1674. He was selectman in 1675 and 1687, (IV) Stephen Kinsman, eldest child of 
and probably at other times. In 1677 he Thomas and Elizabeth (Burnham) Kins- 
was tithingman, and was quartermaster, man, was born about 1688, died December 
January i, 1684. He was a soldier of the 8, 1756. He was a weaver of Ipswich, and 
Narragansett War, and received three sergeant of the militia. He bought the 
pounds from the colony for his services, homestead of his brother, Thomas Kins- 
and also a share in the division of lands man, mariner, January 3, 1714, and 
known as the Narragansett towns. He bought the right of his sisters in his 
did not live to enjoy this, as was the case father's estate, December 19, 1729. He 
\vith all the soldiers of that service. It married (first, published November 24, 
was not until most of them had been dead 1711), Lucy Kimball, born September 9, 
for half a century that the colony re- 1693, died February 22, 1716, daughter of 
deemed its promise to these men, and his Caleb and Lucy (Edwards) Kimball. He 
son, Joseph Kinsman, received the lands married (second, published November 19, 
due to the father in Buxton, Maine. 1716), Lydia Kimball, born September 
Robert (2) Kinsman opposed the oppres- 14, 1694, daughter of Richard and Lydia 
sion of the notorious Governor Andros, (Wells) Kimball, died in October, 1762. 
who was deposed in 1689, and for his Children of the first wife: Stephen, died 
offense was, with other selectmen, im- young; Thomas, born February 13, 1715. 
prisoned at Boston, fined twenty pounds, Children of second wife : Stephen, born 
and compelled to furnish a bond of five March 30, 1718; Daniel, baptized October 
hundred pounds. He deeded his estate to 25, 1720; Jeremiah, mentioned below; 
his son Joseph, March 21, 1699, in con- Lydia, August 10, 1729. 
sideration of support during the re- (V) Jeremiah Kinsman, fifth son of 
mainder of his life. He married Mary, Stephen Kinsman, and third child of his 
daughter of Thomas and Mary Bore- second wife, Lydia (Kimball) Kinsman, 
man, of Ipswich. Children: Mary, born was baptized May 3, 1735, in Ipswich, 
December 21, 1657; Sarah, March 19, where he passed his life, and died March 
1659; Thomas, mentioned below; Jo- 3, 1818. He married (intentions entered 
anna, April 25, 1665; Margaret, July 24, January 21, 1743), Sarah Harris, baptized 
1668; Eunice, January 24, 1670; Joseph, June 25, 1727, died September 19, 1805, 
December 20, 1673; Robert, May 21, daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth 
1677; Pelatiah, November 10, 1680. (Potter) Harris, of Ipswich. Children: 
(III) Thomas Kinsman, eldest son of Sarah, married Captain John Andrews; 
Robert (2) and Mary (Boreman) Kins- Dorothy, married Joseph Adams; Jere- 
man, was born April 15, 1662, in Ipswich, miah, mentioned below; William, born 
and died July 15, 1696. The inventory August 27, 1752; Mehitable, about 1757, 
of his estate amounted to one hundred married John Burnham. 
and forty-two pounds, fourteen shillings (VI) Jeremiah (2) Kinsman, called 
and three pence. He married, July 12, Jeremy in Ipswich records, was born 
1687, Elizabeth Burnham, daughter of October 6, 1748, in Ipswich, and was 

205 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAHPY 



baptized March 4, 1/64, in the Fourth October 23, 1801 ; Olive, April 2, 1804; 

Church of that town. He was a soldier Jeremiah, mentioned below ; William 

of the Revolution. In 1777 he was a Timothy, June 21, 1808, died young; 

private under Captain Daniel Rogers, and Horace, August 12, 1811; Mahala, June 



was later in Captain Dodge's company of 
General Warner's brigade. He served 
first in the Lexington Alarm, April, 1775. 



13, 1813, married a Mr. Pierce; William 
L., April 3, 1816; Mary, April 9, 1819. 
(VIII) Jeremiah (4) Kinsman, eldest 



In his later enlistments he marched son of Jeremiah (3) and Olive (Mes- 



across the State, and was in the northern 
department of the Revolutionary army in 
its operations on the Hudson river, in 



senger) Kinsman, was born March 8, 
1806, on Pearl Hill in Fitchburg, and died 
in that town, March 2, 1875. He was a 



1778. He served through the Rhode farmer and cooper, and early in life 

Island campaign in an enlistment under settled in the village of Fitchburg, where 

Captain Simon Bower, in Colonel Na- he built a house in which his son now 

thaniel Wade's regiment. He was a resides. The ground on which it stands 

pioneer settler at Fitchburg, where he was purchased for one hundred and 

died March u. 1828. He married (first) eighty dollars, and it is now taxed upon 

November 16, 1769, Martha Andrews, the valuation of three and one-half dollars 

born February i, 1748, daughter of John a front foot. In early life he taught 

(3) and Martha (Coggswell) Andrews, school and surveyed lands, and was a 

died April u, 1810. He married (sec- very able, intelligent and thrifty man. 

ond) in New Ipswich, New Hampshire, He was very active in supporting the 

May 17, 1812, Lydia Campbell, who died work of Trinitarian Church (Protestant 

September 24, 1859, in Fitchburg, aged Episcopal), and as a musician took part 

fifty-nine years. Children, all born of the in the singing. He was also an accom- 

first marriage: Martha, September n, plished performer on the flute and fife. 



1770; Lydia, July 7, 1772; Jeremiah, 
mentioned below ; Daniel, March 30, 
1778; Mary, February 2, 1781; Lucy, 



In the first half of the last century, he 
was identified with the Free Soil move- 
ment ; was a strong Abolitionist, and 



August 15, 1/83; John, April 24. 1786; aided escaping slaves who sought free- 



Sally, April 7, 1790; Asa, March 30, 1793. 
(VII) Jeremiah (3) Kinsman, eldest 
son of Jeremiah (2) and Martha (An- 
drews) Kinsman, was born August 19, 
1775, in Ipswich, baptized October i, 
1775, in Chebacco Parish, and died in 



dom in Canada. He married, April 19, 
1832, Abigail Flagg Hutchinson, of 
Fitchburg, born January 14, 1808, died 
December i, 1891, daughter of Ebenezer 
and Susanna (Whiting) Hutchinson. 
Children : Henry and Sarah Jane, died 



Fitchburg. Massachusetts, July 14, 1857. young; Frederick Gibbs, mentioned be- 



He was a farmer and lived on Pearl Hill, 
in Fitchburg, and did considerable busi- 



low; Frank Eugene, living at Hamlet, 
North Carolina ; Abbie Maria, died 



ness in boring logs for water pipes. He young; John Flagg, now deceased; 

married, April 27, 1798, Olive Messenger, Jerome Alfred, living at Gardner, Massa- 

born June 26, 1778, daughter of Thomas chusetts. 

and Olive Messenger, of Fitchburg, died (IX) Frederick Gibbs Kinsman, eldest 

November 5, 1857, aged seventy-nine surviving son of Jeremiah (4) and Abigail 

years. Children: Susan, born January Flagg (Hutchinson) Kinsman, was born 

3, 1800, married Lowe Preston ; Maria, April 22, 1839, in Fitchburg. He attended 

206 



THE NEW Y01K 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 



ASTO?. LENOX KNB ' 
TTI.-DSN "VWOATtOWBJ 





c^ 

^ U 



c4iaA.Pt/o 




ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAHPY 



the schools of that city, after which he 
went to Newton, Massachusetts, where 
he was employed in a cane shop by the 
Newton Rattan Company. For some 
time he traveled on the road, erecting 
lightning rods, and at the outbreak of the 
Civil War, he was the first man to enlist 
for a three year term from Fitchburg. 
He was enrolled, May n, 1861, and be- 
came a member of Company D, Second 
Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, with 
which he served to the close of the war, 
and was mustered out July 25, 1865. He 
served in the Shenandoah Valley, and 
was at the battles of Harper's Ferry, Port 
Royal, Winchester, Cedar Mountain, 
Antietam, Chancellorsville and Gettys- 
burg. In the last named engagement his 
regiment lost one hundred and thirty-four 
men in a space of twenty minutes out of 
three hundred and fifteen who entered 
the action. Later Mr. Kinsman joined 
the Army of the Tennessee under General 
Rosecrans. His first term of enlistment 
having expired, he reenlisted while in the 
field at Elk River Bridge, Tennessee, and 
participated in the operations of General 
Sherman in Northern Georgia, in 1864, 
and was in his great march to the sea, 
continuing northward through the Caro- 
linas into Virginia, taking part in the 
grand review at Washington. At the 
battle of Antietam, he received a wound, 
and \vas subsequently detailed as a sur- 
geon's assistant, receiving honorable 
mention for bravery in carrying wounded 
from the field under severe fire. He was 
in New York with his regiment at the 
time of the draft riots there, and at the 
time of his discharge was brevetted assist- 
ant surgeon. Returning to Fitchburg 
after the close of his service, he conducted 
the cooperage business for sometime, and 
also did a jobbing business in wooden 
ware. For three years he was in charge 
of Cross Brothers, oil dealers in Fitch- 



burg. As a result of his injuries and 
exposures in the military service, he was 
twenty-eight years an invalid and long 
confined to the house. Shortly after the 
war he served in the State militia service, 
being a member of Company D, Wash- 
ington Guards, of Fitchburg, of which he 
was hospital steward. He was a member 
of Rollstone Hose Company of Fitchburg 
thirteen years, during three years of 
which time he was foreman of the com- 
pany. He is a member of E. V. Sumner 
Post, No. 19, Grand Army of the Re- 
public, and of the Rollstone Congrega- 
tional Church of Fitchburg. Politically 
he has always acted with the Republican 
party. He married, November 27, 1873, 
Martha Louisa Howard, born July 3, 
1843, i n Sterling, Massachusetts, daughter 
of Edwin and Martha (Fairbanks) 
Howard, of Bolton, Massachusetts. She 
died without issue, January 29, 1907, in 
Fitchburg. 



RICHARDSON, James Albert, 

Scientist. 

The principal early immigration to New 
England took place in 1630, when seven- 
teen ships in all, but not all together, 
brought one thousand or perhaps fifteen 
hundred passengers from England to 
these shores. In one of these ships the 
ancestors of the Richardsons of this 
article reached Massachusetts. In which 
one, or from what part of England he 
came, no one can definitely say. The 
great part of the members of this family 
in New England are descended from 
three Richardson brothers who were 
among the original settlers of Woburn, 
Massachusetts. They were men of sub- 
stance and influence, and their descend- 
ants are very numerous, many of whom 
have taken leading places in the direction 
of business and public events in their 



207 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAHPY 

different days and generations. It is August 16, 1660, youngest daughter of 

probable that John Richardson, the ances- Joseph and Alice Clark, early settlers of 

tor of this line, was a brother of George that part of Dedham, which was incor- 

Richardson, who was in New England at porated as the town of Medfield in 1651. 

the same time. There is no proof of this, This John Richardson owned a tract of 

however. George Richardson embarked land in Wells, Maine, formerly granted 

at London in the ship "Susan and Ellen," to John Richardson, which makes it 

for New England, April 15, 1635, being tolerably certain that he was a son of the 

then thirty years of age, and probably first John Richardson. He was by trade 

arrived in July of that year. Of the a cordwainer, and cultivated a farm of 

coming of John Richardson, no record less than fifty acres. In 1697 he was a 

has been found. They were both at member of the church in Medfield, as was 

\Yatertown in the following year. his wife. He died in what was then 

(I) John Richardson had a grant of Medfield, May 29, 1697, but no will is 
one acre of land in 1637, in the Bever found on record. The inventory of his 
Brook plowlands in the town of Water- estate, dated February 22, 1700, includes a 
town, which is within the present town homestead of twenty-six acres with 
of Waltham. The Beaver Brook plow- orchard and buildings valued at thirty 
lands were one hundred and six in number, pounds, besides eight acres of meadow 
one acre to each person, and consisted and ten acres of upland and swamp near 
partly of meadow and partly of upland. Bear Hill. The estate was administered 
They were mostly on Waltham plains, on by his widow, and the entire value of real 
the north side of the Charles river. It is estate was estimated at forty-six pounds, 
probable that John Richardson was con- inventory including three cows and some 
cerned in the Antinomian controversy of other livestock. His personal estate was 
1637, and probably left Watertown in valued at twenty-seven pounds, ten shill- 
that year. A record is found in Exeter ings. His widow married John Hill, of 
in 1642 of the witnessing of a deed by Sherborn, an adjoining town, and died 
John Richardson, from which it would February 17, 1739, aged seventy-nine 
seem that he followed Mr. Wheelwright years. Children of John Richardson : 
to that point in the winter of 1637-38. A John, born August 25, 1680, married 
John Richardson was in Exeter in 1642, Esther Breck; Elizabeth, September 20, 
whose wife was Hannah Truair. Heap- 1681, died 1711; Daniel, mentioned be- 
pears to have managed to keep out of the low ; Joseph, born about 1687, married, 
records most of the time. A John Richard- October 18, 1706. Hannah Barber; Mehit- 
son is found in Wells, Maine, in 1673, an d able. June 16, 1689; Benjamin. 1693, had 
was probably the son of John Richard- wife Elizabeth ; Rebecca, February 28, 
son that followed the fortunes of Mr. 1697, married Eleazer Hill, of Sherborn, 
Wheelwright and settled at Wells, in August 18, 1712, settled in Douglas, 
1643. Massachusetts. 

(II) John Richardson, the first of the (HI) Lieutenant Daniel Richardson, 
name found on the Medfield records, first second son of John and Rebecca (Clark) 
appears there in notice of his marriage. Richardson, was born in Medfield, Mas- 
On May i. 1679, Ralph Wheelock, magis- sachusetts, later Medway, August 31, 
trate, married John Richardson to Re- 1685, and resided in Medfield until 1723. 
becca Clark, who was born in Medfield, He and his wife owned the covenant 

208 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



which entitled them to have their children 
baptized, June 8, 1712. His wife was 
admitted to full communion, March 15, 
1713; he was admitted October 13, 1723; 
his wife was dismissed from the old 
church to the new one at Medway, June 
28, 1747. He died August 28, 1748, and 
his estate was valued at 1,859 pounds. 
He married, in 1709, Hannah Underwood, 
born in Watertown, Massachusetts, bap- 
tized April 13, 1690, daughter of Joseph 
(2) and Elizabeth Underwood, grand- 
daughter of Joseph (i) Underwood, who 
married, in England, Mary Wilder, sister 
of Edward Wilder, a pioneer of Massa- 
chusetts, and came in 1637 to Hingham, 
Massachusetts, removing soon after to 
Watertown, where he was a freeman in 
1645. Hannah Underwood survived her 
husband, and died in Medway, August 23, 
1778, in her eighty-ninth year. Children: 
William, born February 3, 1711, married, 
May 21, 1739, Hannah Ellis; Hannah, 
December 25, 1718, married, June 15, 
1739, Jonathan Underwood; Daniel, men- 
tioned below. 

(IV) Daniel (2) Richardson, junior 
son of Lieutenant Daniel (i) and Hannah 
(Underwood) Richardson, was born 
June 26, 1721, in Medway, and settled in 
that town on land deeded by his father, 
January 3, 1746, including one-half of the 
paternal dwelling house. He died in 
Medway, December 23, 1779. Several of 
his sons served in the Revolution. He 
married in Medway, July 13, 1742, Judith 
Bullen, born May 3, 1721, in that town, 
daughter of David and Abigail (Dana) 
Bullen. Children, all born in Medway: 
Bathsheba, April 21, 1743, died April 25, 
1827, aged eighty-four years ; Elisha, 
January 25, 1745, married Sarah Ellis; 
Hannah, January 30, 1747, died January 
22, 1795, aged forty-eight years; Sally, 
December 24, 1748; Abigail, November 
J 3> I 75. died June n, 1830; Daniel, Feb- 
MASS-Voi. iv H 209 



ruary 10, 1752, died 1831, aged seventy- 
nine years, was a soldier in the Revolu- 
tion ; Judith, February 2, 1754; Patience, 
February 18, 1756, died November 24, 
1792, aged thirty-six years; Justina, April 
22, 1760, married (first) Sarah Morse, 
(second) Polly Babbitt, settled in Charl- 
ton, Massachusetts ; Silas, mentioned be- 
low; Mary, Sepetmber 12, 1764, died 
October 31, 1778. 

(V) Silas Richardson, third son of 
Daniel (2) and Judith (Bullen) Richard- 
son, born January 12, 1762, in Medway, 
was a wheelwright by trade. In 1790 he 
bought of Caleb Leland a farm of 
seventy-five acres at Leominster, in the 
part called North Leomjnster, for a thou- 
sand dollars. He moved there immediate- 
ly, developed his land, bought more and 
when he died was possessed of a hand- 
some estate, amounting to about three 
hundred acres. The original farm is 
owned by his descendants still. He died 
at Leominster, June 15, 1833, aged sev- 
enty-one years. He married in Medway, 
February 21, 1791, Abigail Daniels, born 
August 12, 1768, daughter of Moses and 
Abigail (Adams) Daniels, also of Med- 
way. She died January 18, 1829, at Leo- 
minster, aged sixty years. Their chil- 
dren, born at Leominster, were : Horace, 
December 20. 1794, married Sally Joslin, 
died November i, 1865; Abigail, August 
17, 1799, married (first) Henry Bullard, 
(second) Farnham Plummer; Silas, 
March 22, 1802, married Annis (Agnes) 
Smith ; Moses Daniels, mentioned below. 

(VI) Moses Daniels Richardson, third 
son of Silas and Abigail (Daniels) Rich- 
ardson, was born May 19, 1805. on the 
old homestead at North Leominster, Mas- 
sachusetts, where he died July 24, 1888. 
He attended the common schools of his 
native town, and the academy at Groton, 
and gave his entire life to agriculture. 
He continued to aid his father in his early 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

years, and succeeded to the ownership of (VII) James Albert Richardson, see- 
the farm, on which he continued to ond son of Moses Daniels Richardson, 
reside. He was a shrewd and progres- and eldest child of his third wife, Abby 
sive farmer, ready to adopt new methods W. (Putnam) Richardson, was born July 
and constantly improving the paternal 19, 1854, at North Leominster, in the 
estate. Though his activity was some- house where he now resides, a dwelling 
what hampered by ill health, in later of historic character, being the oldest 
years, he always maintained a high now standing in the village of North 
standard of excellence. His fields and Leominster. His farm embraces the 
buildings gave ample evidence of his skill principal part of this village, and is very 
and attention. He was a member of the valuable because of its location. He 
Leominster Baptist Church, which he attended the public school, including the 
joined in 1828, and was clerk and deacon high school, after which he remained 
of the same. In politics he was a Repub- upon the paternal farm until 1877. ^ n 
lican and took the interest of a good that year he was appointed an assistant 
citizen in public affairs. He married to the United States Fish Commissioner 
(first) May 28, 1828, Mary Cowden, born in California, and for several years fol- 
in Fitchburg, February 16, 1809, died lowing gave his attention almost wholly 
August 28, 1840. He married (second) to this line of public service. For eight 
December 15, 1842, Eunice T. Smith, years he was superintendent of the 
born in Ashburnham, Massachusetts, United States Fish Hatchery on the Mc- 
January 7, 1818, died August 24, 1851. Cloud river, at Baird, California. Fol- 
He married (third) November 19, 1853, lowing this he accepted an invitation of 
Abby W. Putnam, of a well known Wor- David Starr Jordan, president of the 
cester county family, born in Lunenburg, Leland Stanford University of California, 
Massachusetts, April 14, 1818, daughter to accompany Mr. Jordan to Mexico, in 
of George and Polly (Carter) Putnam, pursuit of a special course in ichthyology. 
After the death of her husband, she Mr. Richardson assisted in making a large 
resided on the homestead with her son, collection of subjects, and has the credit 
No. 606 Main street, North Leominster, of discovering a new specie of fish, named 
until her death, which occurred Septem- Reddingii. In 1895 he pursued a course 
ber 28, 1906. Children of first marriage: in zoology at Leland Stanford University, 
i. George Daniels, born February 8, 1836, and the following year engaged in estab- 
died August 22, 1842. 2. Mary Abigail, lishing a fish hatchery on the Karluk 
born January 4, 1838, married, June i, river, in the Karluk Settlement, on 
1865, Putnam Simonds, born at Fitch- Kodiak Island, Alaska, for the Alaska 
burg, February 15, 1829. Children of Packers' Association of San Francisco, 
third marriage : 3. James Albert, men- This undertaking involved many hard- 
tioned below. 4. Dana P., October 14, ships and difficulties, requiring travel by 
1855 ; he was graduated from the Leo- canoe and portage around rapids and 
minster High School in 1876, received the falls, accompanied only by natives, many 
degree of Doctor of Medicine from Har- of whom could not understand a word of 
vard Medical School in 1882 and is now his language. The undertaking was, 
a practicing physician at North Leo- however, a success, and the work done 
minster ; he married Fannie L. Benton, of there by Professor Richardson is re- 
Fitchburg, and they have one son, James garded as a model. After ten years in 
Putnam. Alaska Mr. Richardson returned to his 

210 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

native home, where he has continued to Pocahontas, who married Mr. William 

reside to the present time. While resid- Low, of Berkeley, California, where they 

ing in California he served as postmaster reside; Sarah, died in infancy; Mary 

at Baird, Shasta county, California, under Florence, died aged seventeen years ; and 

the administration of President Harrison. Clara Rosina, wife of Mr. Richardson, 

For the past three years he has been above noted. Mr. and Mrs. Richardson 

secretary of the Leominster Historical have one son, James Albert, Jr., born Octo- 

Society. He is a member of the Masonic ber 26, 1902, at San Francisco, California, 

fraternity, affiliating with St. John's Mrs. Richardson, before her marriage, 

Lodge, No. 37, Free and Accepted was engaged in teaching for a period of 

Masons, of Yreka, Siskiyou county, Cali- six years, from 1892 to 1898, in the public 

fornia, Cyrus Chapter, No. 15, and a char- kindergartens in San Jose, California, 

ter member of Mount Shasta Command- during the last two years of which time 

ery, Knights Templar, of Mount Shasta, she was principal of the Quincy Shaw 

California. School of the same city. 

He married, March 22, 1899, Clara 

Rosina Edmondson, of San Leandro, Al- LOWE Arthur H oughton, 
ameda county, California, where she was 

, T1 Of . , , r T> u Manufacturer, Financier. 

born July 4, 1801, daughter of Powhattan 

Ellis Edmondson, who was born in Aber- The name of Lowe has been honorably 
deen, Mississippi, March 29, 1829. He associated with the history of New Eng- 
was educated in the schools of Columbus, land from the beginning of its settle- 
Mississippi, and enlisted as a soldier in m,ent down to the present time, and has 
the Mexican War at the age of eighteen extended to many other States through 
years, under General Zachary Taylor, the pioneer immigration for which New 
After the war he resided in Mexico one England is noted. With the develop- 
year, removing thence to California, ment of many regions it has been closely 
where he studied law and was admitted allied, aiding in the establishment of the 
to the bar. He was appointed to a posi- church, school and printing press, those 
tion in the Custom House at San Fran- agencies of civilization which have made 
cisco, and served as deputy sheriff for the New England people preeminent 
three terms, under Sheriff Andrew throughout the nation. 
Broder, of Alameda county, California. (I) Thomas Lowe or Low, of Che- 
He was editor and publisher of the La bacco, Ipswich, now Essex, Massachu- 
Grange "Journal," at La Grange, Texas, setts, the ancestor of the Lowe family of 
for twelve years. For a period he was Fitchburg, of which John Lowe is the 
editor and publisher of the "Inquirer," at head, was born in England. He is be- 
Gonzales, Texas, and later of the "Enter- lieved to have been the son of Captain 
prise," at Schulenburg, Texas, and of the John Low, master of the ship "Ambrose" 
Flatonia "Argus," at Flatonia, Texas. He and vice-admiral of the fleet that 
was mayor of Flatonia for two terms, brought over Governor Winthrop's col- 
1880-82. He married Mrs. Melinda (Har- ony in 1630. The cane and Bible said to 
Ian) Fowler, at Alvarado, California, have belonged to Captain John Low have 
Their children were : An infant, died un- been handed down in the families of the 
named ; Horace, died at the age of three Essex Lows and are now in possession of 
years ; an unnamed infant ; Clementina Daniel W. Low, of Essex, Massachusetts, 

211 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

a descendant. The Bible was "Imprinted Thomas and Margaret Borman, of Ip- 
at London by Christopher Barker, swich. He married (second) Mary 
Printer to the Queenes most excellent Brown. Children of first marriage: 
Majestic, dwelling in Pater Xoster Rowe Thomas, born April 14, 1661, died Feb- 
at the signe of the Tigreshead Anno ruary, 1698; Samuel; Jonathan, July 7, 
1579." "The whole Book of Psalms by 1665. died February 8, 1750; David, men- 
Sternhold. Hopkins and others, printed tioned below ; Jonathan, March 10. 1669; 
by Derye over Aldergate 1578." "Sus- Martha, married, November 16, 1694, 
anna Low her book 1677, May 19." Richard Dodger; she died February 2, 
'Thomas Low his book.'' Thomas Low 1/37: Nathaniel, born June 7, 1672, died 
was born in England, but emigrated early July 30, 1695 ; Sarah, married (first) John 
to America. He was a resident of Ip- Grover, of Beverly, (second) Nathaniel 
swich as early as 1641. According to his Webster; Abigail, married Joseph Good- 
deposition made in 1660 he was born in hue; Samuel, born April, 1676, died June 
1605. He was a malster by trade. He 2, 1723. 

died September 8, 1677. His will, dated (HI) David Lowe, son of Thomas (2) 
April 30. 1677, was proved November 6, and Martha (Borman) Lowe, was born 
1677. His son, John Low. succeeded to in Chebacco, Essex, August 14, 1667, died 
his business as malster and carried it on in Ipswich, June 2, 1746. He married, 
until 1696. Thomas Low married Sus- December 28, 1699, Mary Lamb. His 
annah , who died at \Yatertown, will is dated March 14, 1745, and proved 
Massachusetts, August 19, 1684. aged June 16, 1746. In a deed dated October 
about eighty-six. The children of Thomas 5, 1736, he gives to his son, David Lowe, 
and Susannah Low were: Margaret, "his part of land granted to a certain 
born in England, married, April 8, 1657, number of men. which formerly went in 
Daniel Davidson, who was afterward a an expedition to Canada under Sir Wil- 
major-general, she died July 8, 1668; Ham Phipps of which I, David Lowe was 
Thomas, born in England. 1632. died one.'' This expedition arrived before 
April 12, 1712: Sarah, born 1637, if de- Quebec. November 5, 1690, and was re- 
position of father in 1660 is correct, mar- pulsed with heavy loss. The land granted 
ried Joseph Safford ; John, born probably was in New Hampshire. The rank of 
in New England, married (first) Decem- David Lowe was sergeant. Children : 
ber 10. 1661, Sarah Thorndike, daughter David, mentioned below; Jeremiah, born 
of John and Elizabeth Thorndike, of in Ipswich, married, April 4. 1732, Lydia 

Beverly, married (second) Dorcas . Gilbert: Caleb, married, January 8, 1732, 

(II) Thomas (2) Lowe, eldest son of Abigail Yarney ; Stephen, married, Janu- 

Thomas (i) and Susannah Lowe or Low, ary 31, 1733-34. Sarah Low, he was killed 

was born in England in 1632, and died in the battle of Ticonderoga. July 8. 1758; 

April 12. 1712. Thomas Lowe was a lead- Joshua, married (first) August 8, 1734, 

ing citizen. He was a proprietor or con- Susannah Butler, (second) April 3, 1760, 

sumer in 1668 ; deacon of the church in Anna Boardman, widow : Mary, married, 

1678, and honored with other offices. His August 24. 1723, Jeremiah Lufkin; 

house indicates that he was a prosperous Martha, married Eleazer Crafts, private ; 

man. a picture of the old house having Abigail, Eunice. 

been preserved. He married (first) July i IV) David (2) Lowe, eldest child of 

4, 1660, Martha Borman, daughter of David (i) and Mary (Lamb) Lowe, was 

212 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



born in Chebacco, Essex, in i/oi. He 
was a malster by trade. He settled in 
Chebacco; April 12, 1763, he bought a 
farm in Lunenburg with buildings there- 
on and forty acres of land of William 
Henderson. This farm was situated in 
Fitchburg, and was given the same year 
it was bought to his son Joseph, who 
settled on it and was the ancestor of the 
Fitchburg branch of the family. The 
inventory of his estate shows that he was 
well off, having one thousand two hun- 
dred and two pounds after giving away 
much of his property. He married Sus- 
anna Low, probably daughter of Jona- 
than and Mary (Thompson) Low (pub- 
lished April n, 1724). Children: Mary, 
born in Ipswich, Massachusetts, bap- 
tized April 24, 1726, married, November 
28, 1751, General Stephen Choate, she 
died about 1768, he died October 19, 1815, 
had nine children ; David, baptized May 
5, 1728, died August, 1782; Susannah, 
born April 5, 1730, died before 1734; Jo- 
seph, mentioned below; Susannah, bap- 
tized July 7, 1734, married, September 5, 
1771, Enoch Blake, of Salisbury; Martha, 
July 18, 1736, died before 1738; Martha, 
September 24, 1738, married, November 
26, 1761, Francis Perkins; Ebenezer, Oc- 
tober 4, 1741, married Martha Story. 

(V) Joseph Lowe, second son of David 
(2) and Susanna (Low) Lowe, was born 
in Ipswich, baptized December 12, 1731. 
He settled on what was then called Apple- 
tree hill, a part of Lunenburg, now be- 
tween Blossom and Mechanic streets, 
Fitchburg, in 1763, directly after the land 
was purchased by his father, David Lowe. 
Joseph Lowe is on the tax list for 1763. 
He and his wife brought with them from 
Ipswich two children, Abigail and Joseph. 
He married, January 12, 1758, Abigail 
Low, born September i. 1737, daughter 
of Caleb, son of David Low, Sr. Caleb 
Low married Abigail Varney. Children : 



Abigail, married, July, 1783, John Upton, 
died September 7, 1829, they were the 
progenitors of a very large family in 
Fitchburg and vicinity; Joseph, men- 
tioned below ; Mary, born in Lunenburg, 
married Amos Wheeler, who died Febru- 
ary 29, 1844. 

(VI) Joseph (2) Lowe, only son of 
Joseph (i) and Abigail (Low) Lowe, was 
born in Ipswich and baptized there April 
24, 1763. He was an infant when his 
parents brought him with them to Lunen- 
burg, now Fitchburg. He inherited the 
homestead and kept adding to the three 
hundred acres that his father left, until 
he was one of the largest and wealthiest 
taxpayers of the town. He served the 
town as highway surveyor. The old deeds 
of his property are in possession of Mrs. 
John Lowe, also the inventory and papers 
relating to the division of his estate. His 
estate was valued at $5,005. The only 
part of the farm now owned by his heirs 
is that of Mrs. Lydia (Messinger) 
(Hawes) Wood, she having married as 
his second wife Samuel Hawes, \vho mar- 
ried for his first wife Mary Lowe, only 
daughter of Joseph (2) Lowe (VI). Of 
this place Samuel Hawes has bought a 
part. Joseph (2) Lowe married, Decem- 
ber 27, 1787, Mary (Polly) Sawyer. Chil- 
dren : Joseph, born in Fitchburg, Sep- 
tember i, 1791; Mary or Polly, born in 
Fitchburg, March 16, 1794, married Sam- 
uel Hawes, son of Robert Hawes, May 
6, 1813, died July 17, 1828; Samuel Hawes 
married (second) Lydia Messinger, he 
died October 18, 1873, and she married 
(second) Rev. John Wood ; Daniel, born 
in Fitchburg, August 17, 1796; Stephen, 
born in Fitchburg, June 27, 1798; David, 
mentioned below. 

(VII) David (3) Lowe, youngest child 
of Joseph (2) and Mary (Sawyer) Lowe, 
was born in Fitchburg, July 2, 1800. He 
was left an orphan at the age of eight 



213 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

years and bound out as an apprentice to of John Lowe was spent on the farm, and 
one Willard, living on Dean hill. He he attended the district schools of his 
proved to be a hard master and the little native town. Most of his schooling was 
fellow often went hungry and cold. His obtained in a small red school house now 
aunt, Mary (Lowe) Wheeler, took him made into a dwelling and standing on the 
to her home after a time and he lived corner of Fisher and Pearl hill roads. One 
with her until his marriage. When a winter term of six weeks he attended a 
young man he learned the mason's trade, private school taught by a Mr. Fox. At 
and worked on several of the important the age of eighteen he began to learn the 
buildings. About 1828 he bought the trade of scythe making of John Farwell 
farm, a part of which is now owned by and Abel Simonds, but the work indoors 
Seth Lowe. He built a house and barn was not congenial, and after three or four 
and lived there the remainder of his life, months he commenced work for Clark 
It was well said of him : "None knew him Simonds, farming, and attending school 
but to love him ; none named him, put to winters. Three years later he began work 
praise." Always hospitable, but never so for Isaiah Putnam. About 1849 he left 
happy as when, on Thanksgiving Day, he the employ of Mr. Putnam to start in 
had as many of his children and grand- business for himself as a butcher and pro- 
children around his table as could gather vision dealer. He used a small building 
there. He died July 3, 1866. He mar- near his father's house for slaughtering 
ried, January 28, 1822, Louisa Adeline at first. Hoping to extend his business 
Messinger. Children: John, mentioned he moved in the spring of 1851 to a farm 
below; a son, born and died in 1825 ; Cal- in Rindge, New Hampshire. Four years 
vin Messinger, born September 3, 1826; of hardship among rocky hills were 
David Sawyer, December 23, 1829; a enough to cool his ardor for farming in 
daughter, born and died in 1831 ; Seth that locality, though he made many life- 
Philips, born October 22, 1832, died Jan- long friends and cherished many pleasant 
uary 10, 1835 ; Seth Lyman, mentioned memories of that period of his life. He 
below; George, born March 6, 1838, mar- returned to Fitchburg and entered the 
ried, November 24, 1864, Mary Adams wholesale meat and provision business, 
Russell, in West Fitchburg, where she which he followed with success for 
was born July 20, 1840; he was in Com- twenty years. In 1873 he sold the meat 
pany F, Twenty-fifth Regiment, in the business to his oldest sons and for a short 
Civil War ; she married (second) John time had a market on Day street. He fol- 
Lowe, as his second wife ; Daniel, born lowed market gardening for four years 
June 3, 1840, died September 23, 1842 ; on what he called "Round Top" on Pearl 
Daniel Clark, May 25, 1843, died August hill, now owned by William Proctor. It 
/, 1845 > Stephen Clark, January 5, 1847. was the southern half of his father's farm. 
(VIII) John Lowe, eldest child of His later years were spent assisting in 
David (3) and Louisa Adeline (Messin- the business of his sons in various ways. 
ger) Lowe, was born in Fitchburg, Mas- John Lowe served the city of Fitchburg 
sachusetts, May 5, 1824, in the house on as councilman from January i, 1876, to 
Mechanic street, where E. P. Towne January I, 1877. He was a member of 
lately lived. When John was a small boy the Calvinistic Congregational Church, 
his father moved to the farm now owned which he joined early in life. Mr. Lowe 
by Seth L. Lowe on Pearl hill. The youth was honored by his fellow citizens in 

214 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

Fitchburg as a self-made man, who built associated with his brother John A. for a 
up a large business. He was a man of time at Rindge. At the age of twenty- 
high principles and unblemished char- one he went to Whittaker, Michigan, 
acter. He had the unique honor also of where he remained two years, and then 
being the head of the largest and taken returned to Fitchburg to marry. He re- 
altogether probably the most successful turned with his bride and bought a farm 
and distinguished family ever raised in in Michigan. His buildings were burned 
the city of Fitchburg. As a prominent after he had worked for a couple of years 
citizen said of him : "He has seventeen on his farm, and finding life in a shanty 
children grown and not a single black uncongenial he returned to Fitchburg, in 
sheep in the lot." He died May 9, 1907. September, 1864, and went to live in the 
He married (first) August n, 1846, Sarah old homestead, where he is still living 
Mead, of Boxboro, Massachusetts. She with his children and grandchildren, 
was born August 22, 1825, and died De- Since then he has carried on the farm 
cember 14, 1865. He married (second) which is one of the most profitable in that 
April 3, 1866, in West Fitchburg, Mary section. In addition to his farm, Mr. 
Adams (Russell) Lowe, widow of his Lowe has dealt extensively in lumber, 
brother, George Lowe. She was born He is a member of the Calvinistic Con- 
July 20, 1840. The children of these two gregational Church. He married, Feb- 
marriages number seventeen, all living, ruary 28, 1857, Susan Rebecca Vose, born 
In 1901 some interesting statistics w r ere June 15, 1836, sister of Amelia Vose, \vho 
prepared for the genealogy by the com- married David S. Lowe, and daughter of 
mittee of the family: Orin M. Lowe, ex-Mayor William H. Vose. Children:!. 
Waldo H. Lowe and Ellen M. Merriam. Frederic Hervey, born January n, 1860, 
At that time fourteen of the children were in Whittaker ; married Florence Lovell, 
married, three single, making thirty-three born August 26, 1856, at North Adams, 
brothers and sisters. All of the family at- 2. Susan Amelia, born at Whittaker, June 
tend the Congregational church. The 14, 1862; married, September 17. 1900, 
family has an annual gathering on the Percival R. Bowers. 3. Eugene Francis, 
Fourth of July and has a regular business born at Fitchburg, July n. 1864; he is a 
organization with constitution and offi- successful market gardener; he married 
cers. Children of John and Sarah (Mead) (first) June 13, 1888, Myrta Maynard, 
Lowe: Ellen Maria, Edna Mary, Waldo born January 13, 1866, at Rockford, Illi- 
Hawes, Ira Adelbert, Albert Nathaniel, nois, died February 15, 1899; tne y went 
Arthur Houghton, Orin Messinger, Lewis to live with his father in the spacious old 
Mead, Herbert G., Ida Louisa, Frank E., homestead on Pearl hill ; he married (sec- 
George Russell. Children of John and ond) June I, 1900, Milley Willis, born at 
Mary A. (Russell) Lowe, all born in Templeton, Massachusetts, January 28, 
Fitchburg: David, Harriet Lydia, Sam- 1872, daughter of Aaron Sawyer Willis, 
uel Hawes, John Adams, Marian Abbie. born December 16, 1822, descendant of 
(VIII) Seth Lyman Lowe, fifth son of Thomas Sawyer and his wife, Mary (Pres- 
David (3) and Louisa Adeline (Messin- cott) Sawyer; her mother was Louise E. 
ger) Lowe, was born in Fitchburg, July (Blodgett) Willis, born May 7, 1833, died 
22, 1835. He attended the old district May 19, 1898; he is a member of the Cal- 
school at Pearl hill and later the acad- vinistic Congregational Church, and is a 
emy at Rindge, New Hampshire. He was Republican in politics; children of first 

215 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

marriage : Harold Maynard, born in burg high school ; joined the Rollstone 
Fitchburg, October n. 1889; Percival Eu- church in 1890. 6. Edith Augusta, born 
gene, September 15, 1891. 4. Clara Luella, in Jaffrey, March 5, 1878, entered class of 
born at Fitchburg, October 7, 1867. 5. 1897 in Fitchburg high school. 7. Lizzie 
Annie Louisa, born at Fitchburg, Xovem- Maria, born in Winchendon, Massachu- 
ber 29, 1871. died September 20, 1874. setts. September 27, 1880; graduated from 
(IX) Ellen Maria Lowe, eldest child of the Fitchburg high school in 1898; mar- 
John and Sarah (Mead) Lowe, was born ried, July 7, 1905. Rosser Adams Malone, 
in the old homestead on Pearl hill. Fitch- Jr.: children: Rosser Adams Malone, 
burg, April 30, 1847. She attended school 3rd, born October 6. 1906; Lyman Mer- 
at Rindge, Xew Hampshire, and Fitch- riam. October 20. 1907; Clifton Frederic, 
burg, entering the Fitchburg high school July 21, 1912. 8. Clifton Harris, born in 
at the head of a class of one hundred. Winchendon, December 30, 1883. entered 
At the age of eighteen she began to teach the Fitchburg high school in class of 1902. 
school at Lunenburg. At the time her 9. Henry Mead, born in Fitchburg, Sep- 
mother died she was called upon to nurse tember u. 1885, died August 5, 1887. 
her father, mother and five brothers, who (IX) Edna Mary Lowe, second daugh- 
had typhoid fever at the same time. She ter of John and Sarah (Mead) Lowe, was 
married, July 16, 1868, Lyman Wheeler born May 3. 1848. in Fitchburg. She 
Merriam, who was born March 31. 1844, was graduated from the Fitchburg high 
in Fitchburg. He is a professional inven- school in 1867 in a class of four girls, the 
tor, having sixteen patents and having second class to receive diplomas. Franklin 
constructed many useful machines. He G. Fessenden, of Greenfield, being the 
has been engaged in the manufacture of sole graduate of 1866, a unique distinc- 
milk bottle caps, using machines invented tion. She taught school in Fitchburg and 
by him. The name of the firm is Merriam West Acton. Massachusetts, Rochester, 
Manufacturing Company, and George O. Xew Hampshire, and Key West, Florida. 
Allen is his partner. Children: i. Sarah She married, February 22. 1883, James 
Abbie, born in Fitchburg. August 9, 1869; Edward Putnam. He was born in Fitch- 
married, 1890, J. L. Harrington, in Lunen- burg, July 22, 1845, son ot ' James P. and 
burg; children: Lewis, born 1892; Ruth Susan Abigail (Upton) Putnam. He 
L., 1893: Carl R., 1896; Harold L., 1898. crossed the Isthmus of Panama in 1864. 
2. Frederic, born in Fitchburg, August and returned across the continent in 1866. 

2, 1870. died in Worcester, April 23, 1872. He built six hundred miles of the Union 

3. Louisa Adeline, born in Holden, Au- Pacific Railroad. He was overseer of the 
gust 21, 1872, died September 22, 1890, county jail at Fitchburg one year in 1868- 
in Fitchburg. 4. Alice Edna, born in 69, and turnkey there until October, 1877. 
Fitchburg. November 25, -1874. belonged He was alderman from ward four in 1899. 
to the class of 1895, m Fitchburg high He lives at the old Putnam homestead 
school; married, April, 1904. Charles X'ut- and has one of the finest farms in the 
ting, of Leominster, a farmer: children: county. Child, Helen Edna, born in 
John Lyman. born June I, 1905 ; Charles Fitchburg. August 8. 1885. entered Fitch- 
Edward, August 16, 1906; Henry Allen, burg high school, class of 1902. Lincoln 
April 28, 1908. 5. John, born in Jaffrey. College. 1906: married. June 18. 1910, 
Xew Hampshire. July 9. 1876, died April Robert Tilton Kingsbury : child, Robert 
13. 1898; entered class of 1895 in Fitch- Putnam, born March 8, 1913. Mr. Put- 

216 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



nam's first wife was Ellen Brown, whom 
he married in 1870; she died in 1881. 
They had one son, Frank, born 1873, died 
1887. 

(IX) Waldo Hawes Lowe, eldest son 
of John and Sarah (Mead) Lowe, was 
born in Fitchburg, May 8, 1849. He at- 
tended the Fitchburg public schools and 
entered the high school in 1862. After 
three years there he took a course in 
Bryant & Stratton's Business College, 
Boston. He worked at home for his 
father until March, 1870, when he went 
into partnership with A. & O. Mead & 
Company in the meat business, in 
Brighton and Boston. In November, 
1870, the project having been given up in 
Brighton, he started a market in the store 
under the Universalist church, Fitchburg, 
which he carried on with good success 
until June, 1872, when, with his brother, 
Ira A., he bought his father's business. 
The firm name was W. H. & I. A. Lowe 
& Company. In August, 1879, ne went 
to work for G. F. Swift & Company, Chi- 
cago, Illinois, and in the following July 
was located at Milwaukee, representing 
the Swift Company, but in a short time 
was made outside foreman at Chicago. 
He worked here days, nights and Sundays 
for four years. He passed through the 
big strike of 1880, working every day, 
also the switchmen's strike in 1882, when 
Swift's house was the only stockyard to 
work all through the strike, and he hardly 
left the slaughter house day or night for 
three years. In June, 1883, he moved to 
Cheyenne, Wyoming, where his brother 
Ira A. had preceded him the year before. 
Here, with others, he started and success- 
fully conducted the Wyoming Meat Com- 
pany. He suffered with the others in 
1886 when the failure of the cattle indus- 
try ruined nearly every industry in that 
section of the country. He removed to 
Omaha, Nebraska, in May, 1887, and 



worked there for Hammond & Company, 
for two years, when he went into the re- 
tail meat business with Adam Snyder for 
partner. After a short time he left to 
take a position with Cuadhy & Company. 
In June, 1891, he decided to return east 
to look for a business opening at Beverly, 
Massachusetts, but finally decided to 
enter a new line of business. He learned 
to make paper and after a short time be- 
came superintendent of the Falulah Paper 
Company, at Fitchburg, where he has 
since remained. He is a member of the 
Congregational church. He married, 
February 13, 1872, Mary Louisa Whit- 
comb, of Fitchburg. She was born March 
27, 1851, in Marlboro, New Hampshire, 
died February 26, 1909, daughter of Al- 
bert S. and Martha Abigail (Willis) 
Whitcomb. Children: i. Bessie Edna, 
born November 25, 1872, died August 3, 
1873. 2 - Bertie, born May 7, 1875, died 
June 23, 1875. 3- Mattie Louisa, born 
July 31, 1876; graduated from Fitchburg 
high school, 1895 ; married, March 13, 
1909, Reid Nelson Radf ord ; children : 
Stewart Waldo, born September 20, 1910; 
Arthur Lowe, December 20, 1911. 4. 
Florence Josephine, born April 22, 1878, 
in Fitchburg; graduated from Fitchburg 
high school in 1896, State Normal School 
in 1898, and from the four-year course in 
1900; taught school in Montclair, New 
Jersey. 5. Gertrude Whitcomb, born 
May 16, 1880, in Keene, New Hampshire ; 
graduated from the Fitchburg high school 
in 1898; policy clerk and stenographer 
for the Mutual Fire Insurance Company 
of Fitchburg; married, June 7, 1904, 
Harry Emerson Rogers, of Fitchburg; 
child, Rowland, born August 17, 1905. 6. 
Albert Waldo, born June 11, 1882, in Chi- 
cago, died February 25, 1885, in Chicago. 
7. Lorena May, born October 17, 1884, 
in Cheyenne, Wyoming; graduate of 
Fitchburg high school, 1902, and Fitch- 



217 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

burg Normal School, 1904-05; married, paper daily. He has served the city as 

September 10, 1913, Morley Charles Han- councilman in 1879. He has been direc- 

cock; child, Waldo Lowe, born July 15, tor of the Safety Fund National Bank 

1914. 8. Willis Mead, born August 10, since February, 1897. He is a member 

1896, in South Fitchburg, died August 31, and officer of the Rollstone Congrega- 

1897. tional Church. He married, October 28, 
(IX) Ira Adelbert Lowe, second son 1879, at Fitchburg, Emma Rebecca Pal- 

of John and Sarah (Mead) Lowe, was mer. She was born December 17, 1854, 

born October 13, 1850, in Fitchburg. He daughter of Dr. Thomas and Charlotte 

attended the public schools and for one (Fiske) Palmer. The annual reunion of 

year Bryant & Stratton's Commercial the Lowe Family Circle has been held 

College, Boston. He was for a time with for many years in Dr. Palmer's Grove at 

his brothers in the wholesale provision Notown. She graduated at the Fitchburg 

business in Fitchburg, then went to Chey- high school in 1873. She is a member of 

enne, Wyoming, and was connected with the Calvinistic Congregational Church, 

the Snow & Lowe Cattle Companies and Children: I. Erving Fiske, born May 8, 

W T yoming Meat Company as president. 1881 ; graduate of Fitchburg high school, 

About 1887 he removed to Chicago, and 1899, Harvard Dental School, 1902, prac- 

in 1888 returned to Massachusetts. He ticing; married, June I, 1904, Maude 

was in Boston two years in business, then Ethel Lowell, of Allston, Boston, Massa- 

removed to Greenfield, where he has since chusetts ; children : Walter Albert, born 

been very successful in raising sheep. He April 21, 1905; Marjorie Palmer, July 7, 

married, June 19, 1884, at Charlestown, 1908. 2. Ernest Palmer, born May 8, 

Massachusetts, Annie Marie Stone, 1881 ; graduate of high school, 1899, left 

daughter of Jasper and Mary Patten Amherst College after one year to enter 

(Swett) Stone. She is a member of the the paper mill and learn the business; 

Second Advent Church. He joined the married, September 6, 1905, Mary Sylvia 

Calvinistic Congregational Church in Olmstead, of Fitchburg ; children : Albert 

1866. They have one child, Beatrice, born Nelson, born August 26, 1908; Virginia, 

November 29, 1888, in Charlestown, Mas- March 31, 1912, died September 24, 1912. 

sachusetts. 3. Joseph Albert, born January 20, 1883; 

(IX) Albert Nathaniel Lowe, third son graduate of high school, 1900, and Anv 

of John and Sarah (Mead) Lowe, was herst College, 1904; married, June 15, 

born in Rindge, New Hampshire, March 1912, Anna Fremont Kimball. 4. Ralph 

12, 1852. He received a common school Putnam, born February 4, 1887; gradu- 

education with six months in the Bryant ate of high school, 1903. 5. Guy Russell, 

& Stratton Commercial College, Boston, born April 17, 1888; graduate of high 

He was in the wholesale meat and provi- school, 1902. 6. Charlotte Emma, born 

sion business with his brothers until 1886, January 10, 1891. 

and then began the manufacture of paper (IX) Arthur Houghton Lowe, fourth 
in South Fitchburg under the name of son of John and Sarah (Mead) Lowe, was 
Falulah Paper Company. He began in a born in Rindge, New Hampshire, August 
small building in a small way, but by 20, 1853. He was educated in the Fitch- 
patience and perseverance has built up burg public schools. He was associated 
to its present capacity the mills which with his brothers in the meat business 
produce twenty-five to thirty tons of for a few years. In 1879 ne went mto 

218 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



partnership with his father-in-law, John 
Parkhill, and Thomas R. B. Dole, to 
manufacture cotton goods. The build- 
ings long owned and operated as a chair 
factory by Hon. Alonzo Davis were pur- 
chased. The firm began operations in 
December, 1879, with thirty looms weav- 
ing colored cotton goods. The business 
was incorporated in 1881 with a capital 
of $100,000. Since then the business has 
grown wonderfully. It is by far the larg- 
est cotton manufacturing establishment 
in the city. In 1882 an addition thirty-five 
by one hundred and thirty-five feet, two 
stories high, was built. In 1883 a third 
story was added. In the next two years 
another building fifty-five by one hundred 
and fifty feet, three stories high, and a 
new engine house were built. In 1887 a 
new dye house fifty-five by one hundred 
and forty feet, two stories high, was built 
and the plant of the Fitchburg Woolen 
Alill Company purchased. The company 
now operates about four thousand looms 
and employs one thousand two hundred 
hands, producing in 1905 about thirty-six 
million yards of cloth. Mr. Lowe is man- 
ager and treasurer. Mr. Parkhill was 
president from the incorporation. Mr. 
Lowe organized the Cleghorn Cotton Mill 
in Fitchburg in 1885 with a capital of 
$100,000. This mill was absorbed by the 
Parkhill Company in 1889, and the capital 
of the Parkhill Manufacturing Company 
made $300,000. Mr. Lowe was the treas- 
urer. The mill employed two hundred 
hands. The Parkhill mills are now the 
third largest of their kind in the country. 
The great success of this enterprise is to 
a large extent the cause of the develop- 
ment and growth of Fitchburg in the past 
twenty-five years. Mr. Lowe is also in- 
terested in the Grant Yarn Mills. He 
was instrumental in securing the location 
in Fitchburg of the car shops of the Fitch- 
burg Railroad, the Orswell Mills, the 



Mitchell Manufacturing Company, and 
other manufacturing industries. In 1900 
Mr. Lowe, with Mr. J. Harper Poor and 
Mr. Charles L. Poor, of New York, and 
Mr. George P. Grant, of Fitchburg, organ- 
ized the Lowe Manufacturing Company 
of Huntsville, Alabama. This company 
is now running twenty-six thousand spin- 
dles and two hundred and forty looms on 
fine yarns and colored goods, the finest 
made in the South. In 1903 he became 
a partner in the firm of J. Harper Poor & 
Company, dry goods commission mer- 
chants in New York. He is vice-presi- 
dent of the Fitchburg National Bank and 
a director of the Fitchburg Mutual Fire 
Insurance Company ; he is also a director 
in the Factory Mutual Fire Insurance 
Companies of Boston. He is a trustee of 
the Baldwinville Hospital Cottages for 
Children, Gushing Academy of Ashburn- 
ham, Murdock School Fund at Winchen- 
don, and of the Fitchburg Savings Bank. 
Mr. Lowe has been president of the New 
England Cotton Manufacturers Associa- 
tion and of the American Cotton Manu- 
facturing Association of the South. He 
is a member of the Fay Club, and was a 
member of the Fitchburg Athletic Club ; 
he is also a member of the Merchants' 
Club in New York City. He is an active 
member of the Calvinistic Congregational 
Church. Mr. Lowe has been president of 
the Fitchburg Board of Trade, and repre- 
sentative to many trade conventions. He 
has been active in the Republican party 
and in municipal affairs. He was alder- 
man in 1888 and mayor in 1893. He de- 
clined a reelection on account of the pres- 
sure of private business. Three school 
houses and two fire stations were erected 
under his administration as mayor. One 
of the grade crossings was eliminated and 
various other public works projected. He 
was a persistent worker for the establish- 
ment of the State Normal School in Fitch- 



219 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



burg. He was a member of the gov- in the meat business. In 1880 he went to 
rnor's council from the Worcester coun- Chicago to work for G. F. Swift, but later 
ty district for 1903 and 1904, serving with in the year returned to Fitchburg and be- 



Governor John L. Bates. He is a member 
of the Massachusetts Republican Club 
and of the Home Market Club. He is a 
steadfast Republican and a firm believer 
in the tariff policy of the party. He was 
the delegate from his congressional dis- 



came associated with Lowe Brothers & 
Company. As the other brothers have 
gradually left the company he has be- 
come the head of the concern. He is a 
Republican and has served in many city 
and State conventions. He was a coun- 
trict to the Republican national conven- cilman of Fitchburg in 1889, and an alder- 
tion in Philadelphia in 1900. He married, man in 1900 and 1906, and president of 
December u, 1878, at North Adams, the board the latter year. He belongs to 
Massachusetts, Annie Elizabeth Parkhill. the Odd Fellows order. He married, Oc- 
She was born February 15, 1857, in Belvi- tober 30, 1879, at Lunenburg, Massachu- 
dere, Illinois, daughter of John and Mar- setts, Florence Allisia Webber, born in 
garet (Cleghorn) Parkhill. She joined Fitchburg, May 19, 1859, daughter of 
the church at the age of fifteen. She was George H. and Sarah Jane (Smith) Web- 
a graduate of Westfield State Normal ber. She is gifted with musical talents. 
School in 1877. Children: i. Russell Children: I. Grace Albro, born Septem- 
Bryant, born February 4, 1880; graduate ber 18, 1880; graduate of Fitchburg high 
of the Fitchburg high school in 1898, and school in 1899 and of Mt. Holyoke Col- 
of the Massachusetts Institute of Techno- lege, 1903; married, February 28, 1911, 
logy in 1902 ; married, April 30, 1909, Algernon Percival Broadhead. 2. Irene 
Nathelie Corwith Wells ; child, Nathelie May, born May 4, 1884, graduate of Fitch- 
Wells, born January 3, 1911. 2. Annie burg high school, 1902 ; married, June 26, 
Margaret, born November 21, 1885 ; grad- 1907, Richard Haskal Hitchcock; child, 
uate of Fitchburg high school in 1902, and Ruth, born June 27, 1910. 3. Porter Web- 
of Smith College in 1906; married, June ber, born February 25, 1887; married, 
n, 1907, Edgar William Cornell; chil- February 15, 1912, Hazel Marian Ama- 
dren: Edgar William, born March n, zeen ; child, Bunton Webber, born Janu- 
1908; Arthur Lowe, October 18, 1913. 3. ary 20, 1914. 4. Rodney Messinger, born 
Rachel Parkhill. born May 12, 1889; edu- January 16, 1890. 

cated at Fitchburg high school and Briar- (IX) Lewis Mead Lowe, sixth son of 
cliff school on the Hudson ; married, June John and Sarah (Mead) Lowe, was born 
25, 1908, Gerard Barnes Lambert; chil- in Fitchburg. March n, 1857. He was 
dren : Rachel Lowe, born August 9, 1910; educated in the public schools of Fitch- 
Gerard Barnes, September 18, 1912; Lilly, burg, and worked for his brothers until 
September 3, 1914. he was twenty-one, when he went to 

(IX) Orin Messinger Lowe, fifth son Whittaker, Michigan, and worked for 



of John and Sarah (Mead) Lowe, was 
born in Fitchburg, April 18, 1855. He 
was educated in the public schools. At 
the age of eighteen he went to California 
in the clipper ship "Mary L. Stone" 
around the Cape. A year later he re- 
turned and went to work for his brothers 



Webster Childs. He returned to work 
for his brothers and after a time went to 
Chicago for Swift & Company, where he 
became foreman. He went to Cheyenne 
when his brothers were in business there, 
1884, and was foreman for the Wyoming 
Meat Company for three years. He 



220 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



owned the first meat cart in Cheyenne (Brendorff) Vaughn. She is a graduate 

and found it profitable until the bad times of the Conservatory of Music, 
drove so many people away. He returned (IX) Ida Louisa Lowe, third daughter 

to his native place again and worked for of John and Sarah (Mead) Lowe, was 

the old firm until January I, 1892, when born in Fitchburg, April 26, 1861. She 

he sold his interest in the firm and bought attended the public schools, leaving the 

the farm in Lunenburg, where he has high school after two years in 1878 to 

since resided. He married, in Cheyenne, study at the State Normal School at 

Wyoming, Lurilla Whipple, born May 3, Framingham, Massachusetts. She taught 

1865, in Marion, Iowa, daughter of Daniel school at Rindge, New Hampshire, in 

F. and Irene A. (Boynton) Whipple. She 1880. She married, December 14, 1880, 

joined the Baptist church in Cheyenne, Rev. Ezra Jackson Riggs, born in Boston, 

1883. She was educated in the public December n, 1846. He enlisted October 

schools of Marion and Nevada, Iowa, and I, 1861, in Company E, Twenty-eighth 

Cheyenne, Wyoming. She kept books Massachusetts Infantry, and reenlisted in 

for her father until his death, April, 1884. the field, January I, 1864, serving until 

She was typewritist and school teacher June 30, 1865. He was sergeant of his 

until her marriage. Children: i. Lillian company when mustered out. He again 



enlisted August 12, 1867, and served two 
years. He was wounded in the battle of 
Cold Harbor. He entered the Andover 
Theological Seminary in September, 1876, 
to prepare for the ministry and graduated 
in 1879. He became pastor of the Con- 



gregational church at Rindge, New 



Whipple, born in Cheyenne, May 8, 1887 ; 

graduate of the Fitchburg high school, 

1904; married, March 5, 1908, John Henry 

Kaseburg; children: John Lewis, born 

June 14, 1909; Barre Snow, July n, 1910; 

Gilbert Lowe, October 16, 1912; William 

Frederic, August 17, 1914. 2. Lowell 

Mead, born in Lunenburg, November 30, Hampshire. After four years he returned 

1894, died December 18, 1904. 3. Leland to the seminary for another year of study. 

Ethemore, born July 12, 1901. 4. Doro- He became pastor of the church at East 

Jafrrey, New Hampshire, and has since 
worked in the western field and at Prov- 
incetown, Massachusetts. Children: I. 
Nelson Francis, born in Rindge, died 
there September 18, 1882. 2. Christine 



thy Whipple, born April II, 1904. 

(IX) Herbert G. Lowe, seventh son of 
John and Sarah (Mead) Lowe, was born 
in Fitchburg, March 27, 1859. He was 
educated in the public schools of his 
native town and for three months attend- 
ed the commercial college in Boston. He 
learned the trade of dyer in the mill of the 
Johnson Manufacturing Company of 



Louisa, born July 6, 1889, in Fitchburg; 

married, June 14, 1911, Clinton W'ash- 

burn. 

(IX) Frank E. Lowe, eighth son of 
North Adams, and in 1880 commenced John and Sarah (Mead) Lowe, was born 
work for the Parkhill Manufacturing in Fitchburg, January 15, 1864. He at- 
Company, where he remained until 1889, tended the public schools until the spring 
when he became one of the owners of the of 1879, when he left to enter the employ 



of Ira A. Lowe & Company in the meat 
business. In August, 1880, he went to 
Chicago for Swift & Company, but re- 
Adelaide Vaughn, born there, April I, turned to Fitchburg the following year 
1860, daughter of William E. and Susan to become bookkeeper and salesman for 

221 



Falulah Paper Company. He served the 
city as councilman in 1890. He married, 
May 24, 1888, at Delavan, Illinois, Mary 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

his brothers' firm. In March, 1884, he \V. and Sarah Elizabeth (Brick) Mar- 
went to Wyoming and worked for a meat shall. Children, born in Gardner, Massa- 
company and on the ranches of his broth- chusetts : Bertha, January 3, 1890, died 
ers there. He returned to Fitchburg in October 23, 1890; Kenneth Marshall, July 
1885, and in April, 1886, formed the part- 30, 1899. 

nership with Orin M. and Arthur H. Lowe, (IX) David Lowe, tenth son of John 
his brothers, under the name of Lowe Lowe and eldest child of his second wife, 
Bros. & Company, wholesale produce and Mary A. (Russell) Lowe, was born in 
provision commission merchants and Fitchburg, June 23, 1867. He was edu- 
agents for Swift & Company. When the cated in the public schools of his native 
branch house was opened by the company town, graduating from the high school 
in Greenfield, Massachusetts, in April, in 1885. He went to work first for his 
1887, he took charge of it and remained brother, Albert X. Lowe, then the head 
there until 1891, when he became a part- of I. A. Lowe & Company, in the meat 
ner in the Falulah Paper Company and business. He went to the Parkhill Manu- 
traveled for the firm until 1893, when his facturing Company, December 21, 1885, 
health failed. He returned to Greenfield and learned the business thoroughly. He 
and took charge until the business was is now assistant superintendent of mills 
sold in 1896 to Swift & Company, where- A. and B., Mr. Parkhill being the gen- 
upon he became interested in street rail- eral superintendent. He has been an 
way enterprises. He was one of the in- active member of the Rollstone Congre- 
corporators and first president of the gational Church since 1885. He was as- 
Greenfield & Turners Falls Street Rail- sistant superintendent of the Sunday 
way Company and was made general school. He has been church treasurer 
manager in 1898. He has become inter- since 1898 and also been collector for a 
ested in various other street railways in number of years. He is a life member of 
the Xew England States and Pennsyl- the American Seaman's Friend Society 
vania. He married, September 26, 1900, and of the American Missionary Associa- 
Martha (Stone) Towle, widow, sister of tion. He is a director of the Fitchburg 
Annie M. (Stone) Lowe, the wife of Ira Cooperative Bank, a member of the Xew 
A. Lowe. England Cotton Manufacturers' Associa- 
(IX) George Russell Lowe, ninth son tion, Fitchburg Historical Society and 
of John and Sarah (Mead) Lowe, was the Young Men's Christian Association, 
born in Fitchburg, July 1 1, 1865. He He is a Republican and has served a 
attended the public schools of his native number of years on the Republican 
town. He went to work first for Lowe city committee. He married, June I, 
Brothers & Company. In 1887 he went 1892, Grace Isabelle Doten, born in 
to Gardner and has since been the repre- Boston, December 4, 1866, and is the fifth 
sentative for Swift & Company there. He generation of the lineal descendants of 
was elected director and vice-president Edward Doten and his wife Faith (Clark) 
of the Gardner Bank in 1895. He has Doten. Mr. Doten came in the "May- 
been a delegate to many State conven- flower" to Plymouth and was one of the 
tions, but has declined office. He mar- signers of the Compact. She was edu- 
ried, January 16. 1889, at Gardner, Mary cated in private and public schools in 
Elizabeth Marshall, born July 7, 1862, in Boston and Fitchburg. and graduated 
Mendon, Vermont, daughter of George from the Fitchburg high school in 1886. 

222 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



She is an active member of Rollstone 
Congregational Church. Children: I. 
Eleanor, born April 7, 1893, died Decem- 
ber 17, 1894. 2. Frances Helen, born Feb- 
ruary i, 1897. 3- Katherine, born Febru- 
ary 8, 1906. 4. David, twin of Katherine, 
died July 12, 1906. 

(IX) Harriet Lydia Lowe, fourth daugh- 
ter of John Lowe and second child of his 
second wife, Mary A. (Russell) Lowe, 
was born in Fitchburg, April 15, 1870. She 
is a graduate of the high school, class of 
1889, and was a school teacher in Fitch- 
burg. She married, July 12, 1891, Wil- 
liam Hamilton Wright, born October 17, 
1865, in Clinton, Massachusetts. He at- 
tended the public schools of Fitchburg. 
He is a machinist by trade and resides at 
Hyde Park. Children: I. Wilma Harriet, 
bqrn in Fitchburg, July 24, 1892. 2. 
Eunice Cummings, born August i, 1894, 
in Fitchburg. 3. Martha Hamilton, born 
November 2, 1903. 

(IX) Samuel Hawes Lowe, eleventh son 
of John Lowe and third child of his second 
wife, Mary A. (Russell) Lowe, was born 
in Fitchburg, October 22, 1873. He was 
educated in the public schools of his 
native city. He left the high schools be- 
fore graduation to take a position in 
Safety Fund National Bank, and has been 
promoted to paying teller. He is a mem- 
ber of the Rollstone Congregational 
Church, and has served the Sunday school 
as secretary for several years, and treas- 
urer of the parish. He is a Free Mason, 
a member of the Merchants' Association. 
He is an active Republican. Personally 
Mr. Lowe is very popular. He married, 
September 7, 1904, Lucy E. Bennett, 
daughter of Charles and Elizabeth Ben- 
nett, of Fitchburg. 

(IX) John Adams Lowe, twelfth son 
of John Lowe and fourth child of his sec- 
ond wife, Mary A. (Russell) Lowe, was 
born in Fitchburg, August 27, 1881. He 

223 



is a graduate of the high school, class of 
1899, and of Williams College, 1906. 

(IX) Marian Abbie Lowe, youngest 
child of John and Mary A. (Russell) 
Lowe, was born November 30, 1883. She 
is a graduate of the high school, class of 
1901, and of the Fitchburg Normal School, 
class of 1905. She is a member of Roll- 
stone Church. She married, September 
7, 1912, Fred Wheeler Osgood, and has 
one child, Carolyn Russell, born June 29, 



DONOVAN, Thomas Roach, 
Prominent Physician. 

In the last century much of the de- 
velopment of the United States is due to 
the infusion of European blood among 
its citizens. The keen witted, alert and 
industrious Irishman has rapidly forged 
his way to the front in the professions, 
in politics and in various fields of worthy 
endeavor. The race has been conspicu- 
ously successful among lawyers and phy- 
sicians, and the family at present under 
consideration is no exception to that rule. 

(I) Michael H. Donovan, born in 1804, 
in Ireland, died in Nova Scotia in 1903, 
about ninety-nine years of age. He grew 
to manhood in his native place, and soon 
after attaining his majority sought the 
larger opportunities afforded by the west- 
ern continent. He was possessed of am- 
bition, coupled with executive ability, and 
very soon after his arrival in Boston, 
Massachusetts, he laid the foundation of 
a successful business career. Within a 
few years he engaged in the wholesale 
grocery business, in which he continued 
for nearly half a century, with remarkable 
success. During this time he was classed 
among Boston's most successful business 
men, active, public-spirited and progres- 
sive. He was of genial and affable nature 
and drew about him a large circle of 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

friends. His was among the first Cath- cides (Welsh) Donovan was educated at 
olic families to settle in Boston, and he the Convent of the Visitation at George- 
was active in promotion of the welfare of town, District of Columbia, and removed 
his church. He was twice married. with her family to Boston, in 1874. There 
(II) Dr. Samuel Michael Donovan, son she became contralto soloist at the 
of Michael H. Donovan, was born in 1852, Church of the Immaculate Conception, of 
in Boston, Massachusetts, and died in which Rev. Robert Fulton was rector. 
Quincy, same State, February 18, 1894, She was also contralto soloist of the 
He was educated in the Boston public Apollo Club of Boston, under direction of 
schools, and afterward entered Harvard J. B. Lang, and in 1877 sang for the Circle 
Medical School, from which he was grad- French Society at Harvard Club in 
uated in 1879, with the degree of Doctor "Madam Butterfly." Children of Dr. 
of Medicine. Following his graduation Samuel M. and Mercides (Welsh) Dono- 
he settled in the practice of his profession van: I. and 2. John and Paul, died in in- 
at Quincy, Massachusetts, where he de- fancy. 3. Samuel M., Jr., born in 1886, in 
voted his life and his powers to his work Quincy ; was educated in the public 
as a physician, in which he achieved un- schools of Quincy, the Adams School and 
usual success. For twelve years he was the Adams Academy of that town, from 
city physician of Quincy, and was for a which he graduated ; he also graduated 
long time medical examiner for the New at the Thayer Academy in Braintree, 
York Life Insurance Company. He was Massachusetts, and subsequently attend- 
a devoted Catholic, and a consistent sup- ed St. Bonaventure College (a Francis- 
porter of the Democratic party in politics, can Institution) at Alleghany, New York, 
His standing in the profession is indi- where he joined the Franciscan Order as 
cated by his membership in the Norfolk a novitiate ; after spending four years in 
Medical Society, Massachusetts Medical Rome, Italy, he was there ordained to the 
Society, and American Medical Associa- priesthood, and, returning to America, 
tion. He was also a member of the For- was stationed at Washington, D. C., where 
esters of America and the Ancient Order most of his time has since been spent ; 
of Hibernians. He married Mercides during the past two years he has been sta- 
Welsh, born May, 1856, in Philadelphia, tioned at Allegany, New York. 4. Thomas 
Pennsylvania, daughter of Thomas Roach, mentioned below. 5. Maria De 
Welsh, died July 2, 1895, in Quincy. Her Mercides, born August, 1884, in Quincy; 
mother was a noted soprano soloist and is a professional nurse, practicing in 
also her sister, Elizabeth Welsh, who be- Providence, Rhode Island. 6. Raymond, 
came the wife of Dr. Bullard, of Harrison born September, 1885, in Quincy; now 
Square, Massachusetts, director of St. resides in Brockton, Massachusetts. 7. 
James' choir. Another sister, Annetta, Edwin Charles, born in 1886, in Quincy ; 
was a contralto soloist at the Church of resides in the West. 

the Immaculate Conception, Boston, (HI) Dr. Thomas Roach Donovan, 

after the latter's death. All of the family fourth son of Dr. Samuel M. and Mer- 

were noted for musical talent, and one of cides (Welsh) Donovan, was born Sep- 

the relatives, Michael Cross, was the first tember n, 1882, in Quincy, where he at- 

to bring out Handel and Hayden music in tended the public school, the Adams 

America. His bust occupies a place in School and the Quincy high school. For 

the Hall of Fame at Philadelphia. Mer- several years he was employed by the 

224 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Western Union Telegraph Company as 
an operator, and by saving his earnings 
he was enabled to pursue a college course. 
In 1909 he graduated from, Tufts Medical 
College, with the degree of Doctor of 
Medicine, bearing a considerable portion 
of his college expenses by working for the 
Western Union Telegraph Company at 
the same time he pursued his studies. 
After graduation he spent one year as 
house officer at the Burbank Hospital in 
Fitchburg, Massachusetts, and in 1911 he 
opened an office in that city, where he has 
continued in successful practice, with 
growing popularity. He is a member of 
the Greek Society of Tufts Medical Col- 
lege, Phi Theta Chi, a faithful adherent 
of the Roman Catholic church, and politi- 
cally a Democrat. He is a member of the 
Worcester North Medical Society, Mas- 
sachusetts Medical Society, American 
Medical Society, and of the Knights of 
Columbus. 



HALL, Franklin Shepard, 

Business Man. 

This family inherits from many gen- 
erations of ancestry the Yankee propen- 
sity for business activity, and the sound 
mind, body and principles necessary to 
usefulness in the world. The name is 
one of the oldest in America, and was 
established at several points in New Eng- 
land at almost simultaneous dates. The 
origin of the name has been the subject 
of much speculation among its bearers, 
and three probable sources are mentioned. 
The most probable is the fact that baro- 
nial seats in England were almost always 
called Halls, with some title annexed. 
When men were obliged to take sur- 
names, many took the name of their 
estates, and thus many names were made 
to end with Hall. The Norman or Anglo- 
Saxon usage, "de la Hall" (translated, of 
MASS Voi iv is 225 



the Hall), accounts for most of the occa- 
sions where this became a surname, with- 
out doubt. One authority attributes it to 
the Welsh word for salt, which would be 
attached to a worker in salt or dweller 
near a salt mine. Again, it is traced to 
the Norwegian word for hero, which is 
hallr, the last letter being silent and only 
indicative of the nominative case. As the 
Norwegians overran England at one time, 
many of their words found their way into 
the language. Hallett is a dimunitive of 
Hall, and was probably given to a 
dwarfed or younger son, only the eldest 
son being entitled to the patronymic in 
earliest usage. 

(I) George Hall, born about 1600, 
came from Devonshire, England, to 
America as early as 1637, when he ap- 
pears on the proprietors records of Dux- 
bury, Massachusetts. About that time he 
settled in Taunton, being one of the forty- 
six original proprietors of the first pur- 
chase, which included the present towns 
of Taunton and Berkley, with portions of 
Raynham and Mansfield. He had a 
twelve-acre share lying on both sides of 
the Taunton river, his home being on 
what is now Dean street. This location 
was selected by the original settlers be- 
cause the lands had been previously cul- 
tivated by the Indians. George Hall was 
one of the founders of the town of Taun- 
ton in 1639, propounded as a freeman in 
1643, an d admitted in 1645. I" tne latter 
year he served as constable ; was a mem- 
ber of the supervising council in 1657, and 
selectman from 1666 to 1669, in which 
year he died. He was one of the found- 
ers and active supporters of the Pilgrim 
Congregational Church ; one of che stock 
proprietors of the first iron "bloomery," 
of which he was first clerk in 1656, being 
succeeded at his death by his son John. 
He died October 30, 1669, aged about 
sixty-nine years. His wife survived him, 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

and shared with her sons in the iron seph Hall married (second) Mrs. Sarah 

works, which continued in operation for (Dean) Williams. Children: Joseph, 

more than two hundred years. He had a mentioned below ; Susanna, married Job 

large estate and divided lands among his Tisdale, and Ebenezer, child of second 

sons. The destruction by fare of the Taun- wife, born 1754. As above noted, Thomas 

ton records in 1838 makes difficult the Leonard was an iron manufacturer at 

establishment of definite records of this Pontypoll, Monmouthshire, Wales. His 

and many other pioneer families. Chil- son, James Leonard, was in Providence, 

dren: Charity, born 1634; Sarah; John, Rhode Island, as early as 1645, and in 

born 1640; Joseph, mentioned below; Taunton in 1652. He was inspector of 

Samuel, 1644, and Mary. the iron works at Lynn and Braintree, as 

(II) Joseph Hall, apparently second well as Taunton, and died before 1691. 
son of George Hall, was born in 1642, and He had children : Thomas, born about 
was a tailor, residing in the house in- 1641; James, mentioned below; Abigail, 
herited from his father on Dean street, Rebecca, Joseph, Benjamin, Hannah, 
where he died April 17, 1705. He was a Uriah and John. James (2) Leonard, son 
large landowner; had fifty-two shares in of James (i) Leonard, was active in the 
the "South Purchase," a part of the iron manufacture at Taunton. His first 
"North Purchase," and share in the iron wife Harriet died February 25, 1674, and 
works. He served as constable and sur- he married (second) October 25, 1675, 
veyor of highways between 1667 and Lydia, daughter of Anthony Gulliver, of 
1680, filled various town offices, and was Milton. She died July 24, 1705, and he 
an active member of the Pilgrim Church, had a third wife, Rebecca. Children of 
He married Mary, daughter of Nathaniel the first marriage : Eunice, born Novem- 
Bjell. Children: Joseph, mentioned be- ber 25, 1668; Prudence, January 24, 1670; 
low; Mary, born 1696; Mehitable, 1698; Hannah, October 2, 1671; James, died 
Abigail, 1700; Nathaniel, 1702; Nehe- young; children of second marriage: 
miah, 1704. James, born May n, 1677; Lydia, March 

(III) Captain Joseph (2) Hall, eldest 10, 1679; Stephen, December 14, 1680; 
child of Joseph (i) and Mary (Bell) Hall, Abigail, March 30, 1683; Nathaniel, 
was born in 1694, in Taunton, where he March 18, 1685; Seth, April 3, 1686; 
died in 1763. He was master of a vessel Sarah, September 6, 1688; Mehitable, Oc- 
in the coasting trade to New York and tober 24, 1691, and Elizabeth, born, as 
the West Indies, and dealt largely in land, above noted, and became the wife of Cap- 
and made a business of loaning money, tain Joseph (2) Hall. 

His lengthy will bequeathed, among other (IV) Joseph (3) Hall, eldest son of 
items, two slaves to his wife. He was Joseph (2) and Elizabeth (Leonard) 
prominent in the Congregational church. Hall, was born October 12, 1720, in Taun- 
He married (first) Elizabeth, daughter of ton, where he died December 31, 1807. 
James (2) Leonard (son of James Leon- He resided on a part of the paternal estate 
ard, who came from Pontypoll, Wales, a on Dean street, where he was a farmer, 
son of Thomas Leonard, of a family long also engaged in the grocery business, and 
identified with the iron works in his was deacon of the First Church. He mar- 
native country) and his second wife, ried Mary Andrews, born February 14, 
Lydia, daughter of Anthony Gulliver, of 1724, died December 21, 1814, daughter 
Milton, Massachusetts, born April 19, of James Andrews. Children : Peris and 
1694, in Taunton, died 1750. Captain Jo- Mary (twins), born August 2, 1750; Eliz- 

226 



rlS NEW YORK ,j 

PUBLIC LIBRARY! 



AST9R. LENOX ANT) , 
TW.DTJN 




- 



x"V^c-<_^v_^ 

C 





ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

abeth, February 17, 1752; Josias, men- Lane. Children of the second marriage: 

tioned below ; Hannah, November 23, Franklin Shepard, mentioned below, and 

1755; Sarah, March 2, 1758; Anna, April Emma Ashton, wife of Harry A. Sorrel, 

30, 1761. of Providence. 

(V) Josias Hall, eldest son of Joseph (VIII) Franklin Shepard Hall, son of 
(3) and Mary (Andrews) Hall, was born Calvin Shepard and Clara B. (Lane) Hall, 
April 12, 1754, in Taunton, where he was was born December 4, 1870, in East Wey- 
a farmer, residing on the Dean street mouth, Massachusetts, and was educated 
homestead, and was a leading member of in the schools of Worcester. On leaving 
the First Church of Taunton. He mar- school he became an apprentice at the 
ried, December 8, 1791, Susanna An- jewelry trade, with Elmer G. Tucker, of 
drews, of Norton, Massachusetts, born Worcester, and was later employed by 
there February 15, 1761, daughter of Jo- James H. Fairbanks, in the same line at 
seph and Sarah (Torrey) Andrews, died Fitchburg, Massachusetts. In the latter 
November 23, 1847. city he engaged in the jewelry and optical 

(VI) Joseph (4) Hall, only child of business on his own account in 1897, and 
Josias and Susanna (Andrews) Hall, was has thus continued to the present time, 
born April 13, 1801, in Taunton, and was taking an active part in the social life of 
master of steamers plying between New the community, and gaining the esteem 
York, Providence, Newport and Taunton. and confidence of the general public. He 
His home was on the Dean street home- is an attendant of the Calvinistic Con- 
stead, which had been occupied for five gregational church, and very actively 
successive generations by his ancestors, identified with the Masonic fraternity, 
He married, August i, 1824, Sally White, affiliating with Charles W. Moore Lodge, 
of Marshfield, born September 19, 1803, Free and Accepted Masons ; Thomas 
died April 16, 1876. Children: Joseph J., Chapter, Royal Arch Masons; Jerusalem 
born May 26, 1825; Sarah, January n, Commandery, Knights Templar, all of 
1827; Josias, September 22, 1829; Sus- Fitchburg; and Hiram Council, Royal 
annah, January 4, 1833 ; Calvin Shepard, and Select Masters, of Worcester. He 
mentioned below ; Edward W., October has taken both the York and Scottish rite 
12, 1838; John White, April 25, 1840; degrees; is a member of Rose Croix of 
Martin, January 12, 1843; Frederick M., Worcester, Massachusetts Consistory and 
April 6, 1845. The first, third and fourth Aleppo Temple, Ancient Arabic Order 
sons rendered long service in the Union Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, Boston. He 
army during the Civil War, and one died married, June 30, 1898, Emma Josephine 
at home on the day of his return. Fairbanks, of Fitchburg, daughter of 

(VII) Calvin Shepard Hall, third son James H. and Josephine (Brewer) Fair- 
of Joseph (4) and Sarah (Sally) (White) banks. Children: Josephine, born April 
Hall, was born August 4, 1835, in Taun- 2, 1901 ; Charlotte, April 14, 1910. 

ton, and was a shoemaker by occupation, 

which he followed in various places, mak- T, ASKER Henrv 

ing custom shoes in Brockton, Worces- 

T> r> j -iir 1 TT Prominent Lawyer. 
ter, Taunton, Boston and Weymouth. He 

was a member of the Congregational Throughout the length and breadth of 

church, and supporter of Republican our country we find men who have 

political principles. He married (first) worked their way from the lowest rung 

Emeline Clapp, and (second) Clara B. of the ladder to positions of eminence and 

227 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

power the community, and not the fewest county bar in 1905. He lost no time in 
of these have been of foreign birth or opening an office for the practice of his 
foreign descent. The more credit is due profession in Springfield, with which city 
them for the additional obstacles they he has always been identified. His 
have been obliged to overcome, and the earnest and reliable conduct of the cases 
indomitable courage with which they entrusted to him soon gained him a large 
have been possessed. An example in clientele, and this has been consistently 
point is Henry Lasker, attorney and pub- increased as the years have passed on. 
lie-spirited citizen of Springfield, Massa- His knowledge of the law is comprehen- 
chusetts. Unlimited strength is the im- sive and he marshals his facts in concise 
pression he conveys, and his entire life form and presents them in a convincing 
and the impression are well founded. He manner. He is a member of the Massa- 
stands as an able exponent of the spirit chusetts and American Bar associations, 
of the age in his efforts to aid progress and is a master in chancery. In political 
and improvement, and in the example he opinion he is Republican, has served on 
has set of making the best use of his the Republican city councils, three terms 
opportunities. Quiet and unostentatious, of two years each as a member of the 
his life conforms to a high standard. His board of aldermen, and was president of 
activities are numerous, and his kindly that body in 1913. He served on the 
nature makes him easy of approach. In Charter Revision Commission, on the 
his profession he is a forceful and con- Municipal Building Commission and the 
vincing speaker, and he has been called City Planning Commission. He is a 
upon as an orator on numerous public member and for one year served as a 
occasions of varied nature. He is a son director of the Springfield Board of 
of Louis and Leah (Aronson) Lasker, of Trade. His connection with organiza- 
Springfield, the former named having tions is a large and varied one. It is as 
been a business man, now retired from follows : Estoric Lodge, Free and Ac- 
active pursuits. cepted Masons ; Massachusetts Consis- 
Henry Lasker was born in Russia, July tory, Supreme Princes of the Royal 
15, 1878. The public schools of Spring- Secret; Mellah Temple, Ancient Arabic 
field, Massachusetts, furnished his earlier Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine ; 
education, and he was graduated from the Springfield Lodge, Knights of Pythias ; 
high school. He then continued his De Soto Lodge, No. 155, Independent 
studies at the University of New York, Order of Odd Fellows; Economic Club; 
which conferred upon him the degree of Calhoun Club ; Springfield Country Club ; 
Bachelor of Arts in 1903, and that of Nyasset Club ; Connecticut Valley His- 
Bachelor of Law in 1904. He always torical Society ; National Civic League ; 
ranked high in his classes, and in his American Academy of Political and So- 
junior year took the first prize for oratory, cial Science; National Geographical So- 
This standing is the more commendable, ciety ; director of Springfield Baby Feed- 
as he was obliged to work his way ing Association ; director of the Spring- 
through the university, doing this by field Boys' Club ; was for a number of 
means of teaching in the evening schools years a member of the executive com- 
of Springfield and New York City. He mittee of the Springfield Independence 
read law in the office of Brooks & Hamil- Day Association, and president of the 
ton, and was admitted to the Hampden People's Institute. He is chairman of the 

228 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Board of Charities of the Order of B'Nai 
Brith, of District No. I, and in 1915 was 
elected delegate to the National Conven- 
tion of the B'Nai Brith, at San Francisco, 
California. He is president of the Beth 
Al Congregation, also president of United 
Hebrew Charities, and member of ad- 



a son of William, of Uxbridge. No 
records have been discovered to throw 
any light on the matter. Another an- 
cestor of a numerous progeny was Thom- 
as Nichols, who came from Cogeshall, 
Essex county, England, where his father, 
Walter Nichols, lived. Another Thomas 



visory council of the Young Men's Chris- Nichols was a pioneer settler of Newport, 



tian Association of Rhode Island and 
Massachusetts. 

Mr. Lasker married, in 1908, Helen R. 
Hirsch, a daughter of Morris Hirsch, of 
Holyoke, Massachusetts. They have one 
child, May Flora. The residence of Mr. 
Lasker is at No. 244 Sumner avenue, 
Springfield. 



NICHOLS, Frederic Carleton. 

Bank Official. 

For many generations the Nichols 
family has resided in New England, ex- 
emplifying that type of citizenship which 
leads in national growth and progress, 
energetic, intellectual, guided by high 
ideals. Several of the name through dif- 
ferent generations have offered their 
services to their country in time of peril, 
prominent among these having been Gen- 
eral Moses Nichols, whose career as a 
soldier is well worthy of emulation and 
reflected great credit on his ancestors. 
The name has been prominent in both 
England and America, and there was a 
multitude of immigrants among the pio- 



Rhode Island. Francis Nichols, born in 
England before 1600, son of Francis and 
Margaret (Bruce) Nichols, came to 
America prior to 1636, bringing three 
sons and a daughter. He was among the 
first settlers at Stratford, Connecticut. 
His brother, Governor Richard Nichols, 
commanded the British fleet, to whom 
New Amsterdam was surrendered by the 
Dutch, and became governor of the prov- 
ince of New York in 1664. Thomas 
Nichols came to America before 1655, 
and was married in Maiden, Massachu- 
setts, in that year. James Nichols, pre- 
sumably a brother of Thomas Nichols, 
son of Walter Nichols, of Cogeshall. Eng- 
land, also married in Maiden, in 1660. 

(I) William Nichols, born about 1599, 
was the ancestor of one of the many dis- 
tinct families of the name in Massachu- 
setts. As early as 1637 he was living in 
Salem, and in 1651 purchased land in 
Topsfield, where he lived until his death 
in 1695. His will, dated April 25, 1693, 
was proved February 17, 1695, and made 
provision for his wife, Mary, and chil- 
dren. In the county rate made in 1668 
is found the names of William Nichols, 



neers of New England bearing the name. 
One of these was Richard Nichols, who of Topsfield, and his son, John. In 1690 
came early to Ipswich, Massachusetts, the town instructed a committee to lay 
and later settled in Reading, same colony. 
Judging from the similarity in the names 
of their children, he was related to Ran- 
dolph Nichols, of Charlestown, who, it is 
known, was the son of William Nichols, 
of Uxbridge, Middlesex county, England, 
where Randolph inherited lands from his 



father. It is quite possible that the imml- 



out a highway from the town bridge over 
the river through the woods to the farm 
of Nichols and his neighbors. Children : 
Mary, married Thomas Cary; Hannah, 
married Thomas Wilkins ; John, men- 
tioned below. 

(II) John Nichols, only known son of 
William and Mary Nichols, was born 



grant in the line traced below was also about 1640, lived in Topsfield, where he 

229 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



died in 1700. His will, dated November 
u, of that year, mentions his wife, Lydia, 
and nine children. He was chosen tithing- 
man in 1695, and is elsewhere mentioned 
in the records of Topsfield. Children : 
William, born August 25, 1663; Anna, 
August 24, 1665, married Francis El- 
liot; John, January 14, 1667; Thomas, 
mentioned below ; Isaac, February 6, 
1672, died young; Lydia, April 16, 1675, 
married Aquilla Wilkins; Rachel, No- 
vember 3, 1677, married Humphrey Case; 
Elizabeth, March 16, 1679, married Thom- 
as Brewer; Ebenezer, November 9, 1685, 
married Elizabeth Bailey. 

(III) Thomas Nichols, third son of 
John and Lydia Nichols, was born Janu- 
ary 20, 1669, in Topsfield, and resided in 
that town, or in Boxford. He married, 
at Salem, December 13, 1694, Joanna 
Towne, born January 22, 1677, in Tops- 
field, daughter of Joseph and Phebe (Per- 
kins) Towne, of that town. Children: 
Anna, baptized August 30, 1696; Isaac, 
mentioned below ; Thomas, and Jona- 
than. 

(IV) Isaac Nichols, eldest son of 
Thomas and Joanna (Towne) Nichols, 
settled in Sutton, Massachusetts, but no 
records of his death appears in that town. 
He married, in Boxford, February i, 
1726, Sarah Wilkins. probably the daugh- 
ter of Henry and Sarah Wilkins, born 
May 27, 1704, in Boxford, survived him, 
and died a widow, April 9, 17/9. Chil- 
dren: Sarah, born December. 1728, died 
in infancy; Mary, February 5, 1730; 
Henry, mentioned below ; Sarah, Septem- 
ber 13, 1734: Isaac, May 13, 1737; Wil- 
liam. November I, 1739; Joan, March 21, 
1742, married James Stranahan; Abigail, 
May 12, 1744; Anna. 1747. 

(V) Henry Nichols, eldest son of Isaac 
and Sarah (Wilkins) Nichols, was born 
March 17, 1732, in Sutton, and died No- 
vember 19. 1814, in Royalston. Massa- 



chusetts. He lived in Sutton until 1769, 
when he moved to Royalston, and there 
spent the remainder of his life. He mar- 
ried (first) September 22, 1757, in Sutton, 
Elizabeth Towne, born May 13, 1740, in 
that town, died September u, 1781, in 
Royalston, daughter of John and Mercy 
(Towne) Towne. He married (second) 
August 8, 1782, Mrs. Mehitable Gale, 
born September 10, 1737, widow of Isaac 
Gale, daughter of Jonah and Mehitable 
(Kenny) Dwinnell, died March I, 1818. 
Children, all of first marriage : Anne, 
born May 28, 1759; Isaac, November 12, 
1760; Moses, September 22, 1762; David 
and Jonathan (twins), March 28, 1764; 
Elijah, mentioned below; Daniel, May 3, 

1/75- 

(VI) Elijah Nichols, fifth son of Henry 

and Elizabeth (Towne) Nichols, was born 
July 25, 1770, in Royalston, and lived in 
that town, where he died May 2, 1856. 
He married (first) October 16, 1827, 
Asenath (Wilder) Fairbanks, born 1/85, 
died August 19, 1847, daughter of Reuben 
and Mary (Pierce) Wilder, widow of 
Jonathan Fairbanks. He married (sec- 
ond) Mrs. Betsey Stone, of Grantham, 
New Hampshire. Children, of first mar- 
riage : John Hubbard, born August 27, 
1828 ; Joseph Towne, mentioned below. 

(VII) Joseph Towne Nichols, second 
son of Elijah and Asenath (Wilder-Fair- 
banks) Nichols, was born February 8, 
1832, in Royalston, died there May 20, 
1915. His boyhood was passed on the 
paternal farm in Royalston, and when 
eighteen years of age he went to Albany, 
New York, where he was employed in a 
coal office. After remaining there four 
years, during the last year of which he 
was deputy postmaster, he returned to 
Royalston, and in 1861 enlisted as a 
soldier of the Civil War. He became a 
member of Company I, Twenty-fifth Mas- 
sachusetts Volunteers, and served three 



230 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



years. At the expiration of this enlist- 
ment he was transferred to Company A, 
Fifty-fifth Infantry, and commissioned 
first lieutenant. At the close of the Civil 
\Yur he again returned to his native 
place, and for three years drove the mail 
and express coach between Royalston 
Center and South Royalston. After sell- 
ing out this line, Nr. Nichols went to 
Fitchburg. where he learned the under- 
taking business, working for three years 
as assistant to the late M. W. Cummings. 
For a third of a century thereafter he was 
the town undertaker of Royalston, and 
performed many deeds of helpfulness in 
the hours of sorrow of his townspeople. 
He also engaged in farming, and served 
the town many years in various official 
capacities, being ten years selectman, and 
held in turn every town office. He was 
a most efficient town official where execu- 
tive ability, good judgment and general 
knowledge were seldom so combined in 
one individual. He married, April 7, 1858, 
Martha G. Turner, born May 19, 1836, in 
Phillipston, Massachusetts, daughter of 
Leonard R. and Mary (Pierce) Turner. 
The ceremony took place in the Nichols 
homestead on Royalston Common, di- 
rectly across the street from his present 
residence, and was performed by Rev. 
E. W. Bullard, pastor of the Congrega- 
tional church. Children : Leonard, men- 
tioned below ; Mary L., born June 27, 
1871, married S. Weston Wheeler, and 
has Sidney W. and Ruth; Frederic Carle- 
ton, mentioned below; Agnes A., born 
February 3, 1880, married Cornelius Quin- 
lan, and they have had two children, a 
daughter, Marjorie, and a son, Joseph 
Carleton Quinlan, who died in infancy. 

(VIII) Leonard Nichols, eldest son of 
Joseph Towne and Martha G. (Turner) 
Nichols, was born April 17, 1869, in 
Royalston, and was in early life a news- 
paper man. In 1912, after serving sixteen 

231 



years as deputy, he was appointed United 
States shipping commissioner of the port 
of Providence, Rhode Island. He is a mem- 
ber of Rising Sun Lodge, No. 30, Ancient 
Free and Accepted Masons ; of General 
Burnside Encampment, Sons of Veterans; 
of the Pen and Pencil Club of Rhode 
Island; of the Quarter Century Club of 
the Providence Journal ; of the Rhode 
Island Yacht Club, and president of the 
Providence Fencers Club, and is actively 
identified with the business, social and 
athletic life of the Rhode Island city. 

(VIII) Frederic Carleton Nichols, sec- 
ond son of Joseph Towne and Martha G. 
(Turner) Nichols, was born December 
27, 1873, m Fitchburg, and was reared in 
Royalston, where he received his educa- 
tion. As a boy he served as page to the 
Massachusetts Legislature in 1891-92 and 
1893, and since that time has been con- 
nected with the Fitchburg National Bank, 
and the Fitchburg Savings Bank. In the 
latter institution he secured deserved 
promotion, and was assistant treasurer 
from 1904 to 1906, since which latter year 
he has been treasurer. He is a director 
and a member of the executive committee 
of both the Fitchburg Bank & Trust 
Company, and of the Fitchburg Mutual 
Fire Insurance Company. He is also a 
director of the Bankers' Mortgage Com- 
pany of Boston. For two years he was 
president of the Massachusetts Savings 
Bank Treasurers' Club, and was four 
years treasurer of the Massachusetts 
Bankers' Association. He has been presi- 
dent of the Fitchburg Board of Trade 
and Merchants' Association, and is Past 
Exalted Ruler of the local lodge, Be- 
nevolent and Protective Order of Elks. 
He is also affiliated with Apollo Lodge, 
No. 205, Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows, of Fitchburg, and is a member of 
Charles W. Moore Lodge, Ancient Free 
and Accepted Masons, of Fitchburg. He 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

is a member of the Unitarian Church So- erine, a music teacher; Dr. George B., 

ciety, in which he has held many offices, whose name heads this sketch ; William, 

He married, October 5, 1899, Ethel a bookkeeper; John, an electrical engi- 

Holmes, born at Amelia Court House, neer; Thomas, a priest of the Passionist 

Virginia, daughter of Augustus and Han- Qrder ; Lawrence, a student at the high 

nah M. (Perry) Holmes. Children: scnO ol ; and two who died in infancy. 

Anna Holmes, born October 24, 1905; Dr. George B. Corcoran, son of Michael 

Louise, March 29, 1913. and M ary (McLaughlin) Corcoran, was 

born in West Springfield, Massachusetts, 

CORCORAN, George B., ,, QQ 

March 22, 1884. His elementary and col- 
Prominent Physician. lege preparatory education was acquired 

One of the able physicians and sur- in the public schools of his native town, 

geons of the younger generation of West where he was graduated from the high 

Springfield, Massachusetts, is Dr. George school. He then entered Brown Univer- 

B. Corcoran, whose success has by no sity and graduated in 1906. He matricu- 

means been the result of fortunate cir- lated at the Harvard Medical School, 

cumstances, but has come to him through from which he was graduated in the class 

energy, study and perseverance, directed of 1910 with the degree of Doctor of 

by an evenly balanced mind. His deep Medicine. Having been appointed to an 

interest in his profession arises from a interneship at the Worcester City Hos- 

love of scientific research, and a broad pital, he remained in practice in that in- 

sympathy with his fellow-men. stitution until 1912, in which year he 

The Corcoran family is an ancient and established himself in practice in West 

honorable one of Ireland, and there have Springfield, with the professional life of 

been many distinguished bearers of the which city he has since been connected, 

name. John Corcoran, grandfather of Dr. His practice is a very considerable one, 

Corcoran, was born in Ireland, and died in and he makes a specialty of surgery, 

Washington, Massachusetts. and in recognition of his ability was 

Michael Corcoran, son of John Corcor- appointed assistant surgeon at the Mercy 

an, was born in Washington, Massachu- Hospital. All of the time which he 

setts, where the earlier years of his life can spare from his active practice is 

were spent. At the age of twenty-eight devoted to study and research, which he 

years he removed to West Springfield, holds should be the plan of a physician's 

where he has had his residence since that life if he would become thoroughly skilled 

time. He has followed railroading for in his profession. He is a member of the 

more than forty years, having worked up Massachusetts and American Medical 

from the bottom of the ladder, has been associations, the Springfield Academy of 

a conductor on a passenger train on the Medicine, and the Boylston Medical Soci- 

Boston & Albany Railroad for many ety of Boston. In political matters he 

years, and is the oldest in point of length gives his support to the Democratic party, 

of service on this road. He married Mary and is serving as secretary of the West 

McLaughlin, a native of Lee, Massachu- Springfield Board of Health. His fra- 

setts, and they have had the following ternal affiliations are with the Knights of 

children : Michael, a baggagemaster on Columbus, Independent Order of Forest- 

the Boston & Albany Railroad ; Cath- ers, and the Order of the Moose. 

232 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



PAGE, William Brewster, 

Enterprising Citizen. 

This is an important name in New 
England, having- been among the earliest 
English names planted within the limits 
of the present State of New Hampshire, 
and also having been borne by distin- 
guished citizens down through the gener- 
ations to the present time. 

(I) Robert Page and his wife, Mar- 
garet, lived in Ormsby, in the County of 
Norfolk, England, where they died. 

(II) Robert (2) Page, son of Robert 
(i) and Margaret Page, was born about 
1604, in Ormsby, England, and there mar- 
ried, his wife's name being Lucy. This 
is shown by the record of their examina- 
tion preparatory to their leaving Eng- 
land, April n, 1637, when his age is given 
as thirty-three years and hers as thirty. 
They had three children : Francis, Mar- 
garet and Susannah, and two servants: 
William Moulton, aged twenty years, and 
Anne Wadd, fifteen years, and were "de- 
sirous to passe into New England to in- 
habitt." In 1639 Robert Page settled in 
Hampton, New Hampshire (then Mas- 
sachusetts), and received a grant of ten 
acres of land for a house lot, abutting on 
the meeting house green on the south and 
on the other lands of his on the north. 
It was between the house lots of William 
Marston on the west and Robert Marston 
on the east, and this land continued to be 
occupied by his descendants down to the 
sixth generation. For six years Robert 
Page served as one of the selectmen, and 
for years represented the town in the 
General Court of Massachusetts. He was 
at one time marshal of the old county of 
Norfolk. He also served on various com- 
mittees for transacting business of the 
town from time to time. In 1660 he is on 
record as one of the deacons of the 
church, and from the death of his col- 
league in 1671 to his own death, Septem- 

233 



ber 22, 1679, he appears to have been the 
only deacon. His wife died November 
12, 1665, aged fifty-eight years. Their 
children were : Margaret, Francis, Susan- 
nah, Thomas, Hannah, Mary, and Re- 
becca. 

(III) Thomas Page, second son of 
Robert (2) and Lucy Page, was born 
1639, in Salem, Massachusetts, and re- 
sided in Hampton, New, Hampshire, 
where he married, February 2, 1664, 
Mary Hussey, daughter of Christopher 
and Theodate (Bachiler) Hussey. The 
last named was born in 1596, in England, 
daughter of Nathaniel and Hester 
(Mercer) Bachiler, granddaughter of 
Rev. Stephen Bachiler, who came from 
England and was very conspicuous in 
Hampton in the first settlement of that 
town, and his second wife, Helen. Chil- 
dren : Mary, born May 21, 1665; Robert, 
July 17, 1667; Christopher, mentioned 
below; John, November 15, 1672, settled 
in Nantucket; Theodate, July 8, 1675; 
Stephen, August 4, 1677; Bethiah, May 
23, 1679. 

(IV) Christopher Page, second son of 
Thomas and Mary (Hussey) Page, was 
born September 20, 1670, in Hampton, 
and inherited the paternal homestead in 
that town, on which he lived. He mar- 
ried, November 14, 1689, Abigail Tilton, 
born October 28, 1670, daughter of Daniel 
and Mehitable (Sanborn) Tilton. Chil- 
dren: Robert, born September 8, 1690; 
Abigail, February i, 1693; Lydia, Au- 
gust 3, 1698; Jonathan, December 25, 
1700; David, mentioned below ; Shubael, 
March 28, 1708; Tabitha, August 21, 
1711. 

(V) David Page, third son of Christo- 
pher and Abigail (Tilton) Page, was 
born November i, 1703, in Hampton, and 
settled in that town on what was recently 
known as the Thomas Moore place. 
Later he removed to Epping, New Hamp- 
shire, his name and that of his eldest son 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



being among those on the first petition 1813, Mary Weeks, of Parsonfield, Maine, 



for the town in 1747. A number of his 
children lived in that town. He married 
(first) June 27, 1728, Ruth Dearborn, 
born May 21, 1705, died January 8, 1741, 
daughter of Deacon John and Abigail 
(Batchelder) Dearborn, of Hampton. 
He married (second) April 5, 1742, Ruth. 



born June 7, 1767, died at Epping, March 
25, 1847. Children, all by first marriage: 
Nathaniel Perkins, born June 7, 1797, 
died September 16, 1844, at Pembroke, 
Maine, married Mary Ann Robinson, of 
Exeter, New Hampshire ; Nancy, Febru- 
ary 15, 1799, died May 9, 1826, at Not- 



daughter of Captain John and Abigail tingham. New Hampshire, married Fran- 
(Shaw) Smith, of Hampton, born May 3, cis Harvey; Samuel Plumer, June 30, 
1703, died July 3, 1769, in North Hamp- 1801, died April 13, 1838, married Eliza- 
ton. Children of first marriage: John, beth Drew, of Plymouth, Massachusetts; 
born July 17, 1729; Robert, April I, 1731, Sally, May 12, 1803, married John Fel- 
married, November 12, 1755, Sarah Dear- lows, of Fayette, Maine ; Benjamin, Au- 
born, and settled in Raymond, New gust 20, 1805, married three times ; Han- 



Hampshire, his children being baptized 
in Epping; Deborah, January n, 1733; 
David, March 26, 1735; Benjamin, men- 
tioned below; Abigail, June 20, 1740, 
died young. Children of second mar- 
riage: Abigail, born February 25, 1743; 
Christopher, October 23, 1744; Ruth, 
November 5, 1745 ; Josiah, January 13, 
1749. married Sarah Marston. 

(VI) Benjamin Page, fourth son of 
David and Ruth (Dearborn) Page, was 
born August 7, 1738, in Hampton, and 



nah, November 27, 1807, died November 
3, 1833, at Nottingham, second wife of 
Francis Harvey, who married (first) her 
sister, Nancy; David Perkins, mentioned 
below. 

(VIII) David Perkins Page, A. M., 
son of Nathan and Sarah (Perkins) Page, 
was born in Epping, July 4, 1810. His 
father was a farmer in comfortable but 
not affluent circumstances, and was natu- 
rally anxious to keep his son on the farm. 
The son developed early an ambition to 
become a teacher; his father was opposed 
to the idea, though not opposed to educa- 
tion. There was a fair library in the old 
farm house, and the boy studied at every 



lived in Epping, where he signed the as- 
sociation test before the Revolution. He 
died there after July 6, 1796, the date of 
the making of his will. He married, 
about 1/62, Hannah, whose surname is opportunity, and acquired an excellent 
lost. She joined the Epping church. Sep- common school education. At the age of 
tember n, 1763, and their children were 
baptized there. Children : Ruth, born 
September u, 1763; Elizabeth, baptized 
December 9, 1764; Deborah, born Au- 
gust 24, 1766; David, "eldest son"; Na- 
than, mentioned below; Sarah, married 



French ; Abigail ; Molly. 



fifteen or sixteen he had a serious illness, 
and at the crisis of the disease, when his 
father feared the worst, the boy exacted a 
promise from him that if he got well he 
should go to the academy and become a 
teacher. That illness gave to the world 
one of the leaders in the educational 
progress of America in the nineteenth 



(VII) Nathan Page, son of Benjamin 

and Hannah Page, was born in Epping. century. At the age of eighteen he began 

New Hampshire, July 10, 1770, baptized his studies at Hampton Academy; he had 

July 15, 1/70. and w r as a farmer at Ep- his father's permission, but he made 

ping. He married (first) Sarah Perkins, every effort not to draw on his father for 

of Hampton Falls, March, 1796 ; she died expenses. In later years he confessed 

August 23, 1812, and he married (second) some of the difficulties of his academy 

234 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



life, with homespun clothes somewhat 
outgrown and very much out of fashion. 
In a few months he was engaged as a 
teacher, and his success in the school 
room justified his confidence that he had 
found his natural vocation. He returned 
to the academy and studied for a time, 
and then taught school at Epping, New 
Hampshire; Newbury and Byfield, Mas- 
sachusetts. After about two years of 
teaching in the district schools he decided 
to open a private school in Newburyport, 
then a city of sixteen thousand inhabi- 
tants. He began with five pupils, but 
before the end of the term had his school 
full to its capacity. One of his biogra- 
phers indicates that success was not as 
easy as it might seem. "He had been 
accused, opposed, suspected, and sur- 
mounted all attempts to put him down. 
But he was always calm, cool, collected. 
He lived down all his enemies, and there 
were few men over whose solemn grave 
such a flood of tears would so sincerely 
fall. He taught himself while teaching 
others. Punctual to a proverb, the very 
genius of order, and cheerful as the day, 
firm but not severe, dignified but not 
haughty, social but not triflng, there was 
a charm about him as irresistable as it 
was benign and salutary." Mr. Page was 
a natural musician and had a well trained 
and powerful voice and a good ear, two 
important gifts for a teacher. It has been 
said of his early work as a teacher: "The 
task was by no means light. Faculty is 
the most essential element of success in 
Yankee-land. Faculty the young teacher 
was found to possess in liberal measure. 
The school house was dingy and ill ap- 
pointed, as were nearly all of its kind. 
He filled it with the sunshine of a happy 
temperament and with the quick conceits 
of an inventive mind, bent on making 
labor light and wholesome. He boarded 
around among his patrons, and was sub- 
jected to many petty inconveniences, but 

235 



this enabled him to become acquainted 
with the home influences in his surround- 
ings and he was keen in his perception of 
the elements with which he had to deal. 
He became master of the situation." 
Within five years from the time he went 
to the Hampton Academy he was elected 
associate principal and the head of the 
English department of the public gram- 
mar school of the city of Newburyport, 
Massachusetts. He was here for twelve 
years, and his reputation as a progressive 
and successful teacher and writer became 
widely extended. He wrote extensively 
on educational topics, and lectured when 
the platform was an important means of 
public education. His address on "Co- 
operation of the Parent and Teacher" was 
declared by Horace Mann to be the ablest 
and most important educational paper 
that had yet appeared in America. It 
was widely circulated and made a strong 
impression in Massachusetts. His suc- 
cess as lecturer on educational subjects 
cannot be easily over-estimated. He 
spoke often, and he was a gifted speaker. 
He had a message and knew how to de- 
liver it. The very year before his death 
he spoke in eleven counties, delivering 
as many as forty-seven lectures or ad- 
dresses in thirty days, before a thousand 
or more teachers. The State Normal 
School of New York, the first in that 
State, was established chiefly through the 
efforts of Governor DeWitt Clinton, and 
to Mr. Page was given the task of making 
the school, for which no model existed. 
As principal he had to demonstrate that 
the school was useful and necessary. He 
accepted the position knowing its diffi- 
culties. On his way to Albany he visited 
Horace Mann at Boston. The advise of 
the great educator lingered ever in the 
mind of the principal : "Succeed or Die." 
The school was opened December n, 
1844, before the building was finished, 
with thirteen men and sixteen women 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



students. He felt his way at first, begin- 
ning with review classes in rudimentary 
subjects, adding algebra and physiology. 
There were ninety-eight students en- 
rolled before the end of the first term, and 
in May, 1845, tne school had one hundred 
and seventy-five students. He organized 
the model school in charge of an expert 
teacher, who guided the efforts of the 
students who learned to teach under the 
eye of a competent critic. The normal 
school was attacked, but its growth soon 
demonstrated its usefulness and success. 
But in his third year as principal of the 
school his health failed, and he died at 
the very beginning of his career, January 
i, 1848, at Albany. The funeral discourse 
t>y Rev. E. A. Huntingdon, D. D., pastor 
of the Third Presbyterian Church of Al- 
bany, January 9, 1848, was published. 

He toiled up through a long and difficult way 
to an eminence which, in your sober and rational 
judgment, but here and there another over- 
shadows. Alas, that he was only permitted, like 
Moses, to catch a glimpse of the land he was so 
eminently qualified to subdue and cultivate and 
enjoy. But we may not give way to tears, since 
like Moses, too, his eyes rested upon a brighter 
scene upon which he was ready and waiting to 
enter. * * * He was just what a teacher 
should be, a model for youth. He had a true 
thirst for knowledge, and the ability to a very un- 
common degree to excite it for his pupils. In 
addition to this, the even balance of his various 
powers gave him a taste for the details of busi- 
ness. His insight into human nature has already 
"been noticed. This was perhaps his highest en- 
dowment. We do not claim for him a finished 
classical or scientific education. But his attain- 
ments were various and accurate and important 
beyond those of many a philosopher. * * * At 
all events, in self-knowledge and self-discipline, 
the ultimate end of study, he was not surpassed, 
and hence the certainty of his success in any en- 
terprise which he would venture to undertake. 
* * * So completely did he fill his place at the 
head of the school that he was felt by the execu- 
tive committee, the faculty, students and people 
throughout the state, to be almost essential to its 
prosperity, if not to its existence. All the friends 
of the institution and all the recipients of its 



benefits were bound up in him. It was character- 
istic of the man that he so identified himself with 
his station, whatever it might be, that he seemed 
the life and soul of it. 

His only book, "The Theory and Prac- 
tice of Teaching," is the patriarch, as it was 
the pioneer, of pedagogical literature in the 
United States. Singular as the fact may 
seem, we are told by his biographer in 
the 1886 edition of the book, that none of 
the later books on the same and kindred 
topics has displaced it in any perceptible 
degree. It was never so widely read as at 
present. The first edition was in 1847. 
The second in 1886 was edited by Wil- 
liam H. Payne, professor of the Science 
and Art of Teaching in Michigan Univer- 
sity. Another work of Mr. Page, and one 
which showed the analytical character of 
his mind, was his "Normal Chart," which 
presented graphically the powers of the 
English letters and was formerly in gen- 
eral use in teaching the principles of 
orthography. A third edition of the 
works of Mr. Page was edited by J. M. 
Greenwood, superintendent of the Kan- 
sas City Schools, in 1896, containing a 
new life with portrait. In addition to the 
"Theory and Practice of Teaching," this 
edition contains the address on "The 
Mutual Duties of Parents and Teachers," 
and "The Schoolmaster a Dialogue." 

He married, December 16, 1835, Susan 
Maria Lunt, of Newburyport, born June 
5, 1811, died February 5, 1878 (see Lunt 
VI). Children: David Perkins, born Au- 
gust 13, 1836, married Emily Caroline 
Wills; Susan M., July 15, 1838, married 
John James Currier, shipbuilder and 
author, of Newburyport ; Mary Lunt, 
September 22, 1842, died January 13, 
1879; Henry Titcomb, mentioned below. 

(IX) Henry Titcomb Page, youngest 
child of David Perkins and Susan M. 
(Lunt) Page, was born January 30, 1846, 
in Albany, New York, and when two 
years old moved with his mother to the 



236 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



old home at Newburyport. He attended 
the Newburyport public schools, and the 
Putnam school, now the high school of 
Newburyport. For a time he was a stu- 
dent at the Old Thetford (Vermont) 
Academy. He came of a seafaring people, 
his ancestors having built ships, and it 
was natural enough that he and his 
brothers should follow the sea for a 
time. He shipped before the mast for 
two years. In the meantime the Civil 
War broke out, and in returning from a 
voyage to the East Indies his vessel had 
to run the gauntlet of Confederate war- 
ships and privateers. Resolving to "do 
some chasing instead of being chased," 
he enlisted in the navy, and was appointed 
acting master's mate, November 23, 1863 ; 
promoted to acting ensign, September 4, 
1864; served on the "Florida," "Peter- 
hoff," and "Mohican," of the North At- 
lantic squadron ; was in an engagement 
at Fort Fisher, North Carolina, on the 
sloop-of-war "Mohican," December 25, 
1864, and January 13-15, 1865; was dis- 
charged June 3, 1865, as acting ensign at 
the end of the war. After the war he re- 
moved to Fitchburg to work for George 
W. Wheelwright, the founder of the pres- 
ent corporation which bears his name. 
Mr. Wheelwright shared with the Bur- 
banks, Crockers and Wallaces the dis- 
tinction of developing the paper making 
interests of Leominster and Fitchburg. 
The paper mill in Leominster had been in 
existence about sixty years when, just 
before the Civil War, he bought the mill 
at North Leominster. He greatly en- 
larged and improved it, and the business 
has grown constantly, and the plant has 
been from time to time enlarged to 
produce more paper. Mr. Wheelwright 
built the Fitchburg mill on Fourth street, 
on the river, in 1864. In the following 
year Mr. Page became connected with the 
business. For some years the Fitchburg 

237 



plant was known as the Rollstone Mill, 
and operated by Mr. Wheelwright and 
his son-, George W. Wheelwright, Jr., 
who is now the head of the concern. The 
firm name at that time was George W. 
Wheelwright & Son. The present com- 
pany was incorporated in 1880, at the 
time of the death of the founder. Mr. 
Page was vice-president and superinten- 
dent. The business of the company has 
increased many fold in the past twenty- 
five years, and the facilities correspond- 
ingly developed. In the later years Mr. 
Wheelwright's sons became active in the 
company. In twenty-five years the ca- 
pacity of the plant was increased from 
four tons to fifty tons a day. Mr. Page 
had charge of the manufacturing end of 
the business. He died September 23,. 
1911. His late home on Summer street, 
Fitchburg, is an attractive colonial house 
copied from some of the old Essex county 
mansions of two centuries ago. Mr. Page 
was a Republican in politics, a member of 
the Loyal Legion, a director of the Roll- 
stone National Bank, trustee of the Fitch- 
burg Savings Bank, director of the Fitch- 
burg Gas & Electric Light Company. He 
was a member and for some years a ves- 
tryman of Christ Episcopal Church of 
Fitchburg. 

He married, June 23, 1869, Margaret 
Allen Brewster, born March 30, 1846, in 
Newburyport, died June 22, 1912, daugh- 
ter of William Henry and Mary Young 
(Allen) Brewster, and granddaughter of 
Samuel and Alary (Ham) Brewster (see 
Brewster VI). Mary Young Allen was 
born April 12, 1815, in Newburyport, 
daughter of Ephraim W. and Dorothy 
(Stickney) Allen, who were married in 
December, 1804. She was married, March 
30, 1837, to William H. Brewster, of 
Newburyport, who was born 1812, and 
died 1880, not recorded in Newburyport. 
Henry T. and Margaret A. (Brewster) 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Page had two sons: William Brewster, 
mentioned below, and James Currier, 
born June 9, 1872, died March 17, 1876. 

(X) William Brewster Page, only sur- 
viving son of Henry Titcomb and Mar- 
garet Allen (Brewster) Page, was born 
June 8, 1870, in Fitchburg, where most of 
his life has been passed. He attended 
the local public schools, and attended the 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology 
with the class of 1893. He began his 
business career as a clerk in the office of 
the Wheelwright paper mills. Later he 
became superintendent of the company's 
mill at North Leominster, after which he 
was made assistant treasurer and agent, 
which positions he holds at the present 
time. Mr. Page is interested in some of 
the leading business concerns of Fitch- 
burg, being a director of the Fitchburg 
Bank & Trust Company, and the Nashua 
River Reservoir Company. He is a mem- 
ber of the Episcopal church, and of the 
Loyal Legion, and while not active in 
political affairs, is a sound Republican in 
principle. He is also a member of the 
Fay Club and the Alpine Golf Club, of 
Fitchburg; the Engineers' Club and the 
Technology Club, of Boston ; the Mo- 
noosnock Country Club, of Leominster, 
and the Old Town Country Club, of New- 
buryport. He married, December 10, 
1902, Mary H. Huse, daughter of William 
H. and Laura A. (Hayes) Huse, descend- 
ant of one of the original families of New- 
bury, Massachusetts. She died May 31, 
1912. 

(The Lunt Line). 

(I) Henry Lunt, believed to have been 
a son of Henry Lunt, sailed from Eng- 
land, March 26, 1633, in the ship "Mary 
and John," of London, and settled in 
1635, at Newbury, Massachusetts, where 
he was admitted freeman, March 21, 1638, 
and was one of the proprietors. He died 
July 10, 1662, and his widow, Anna, mar- 

238 



ried (second) Joseph Hills, previously of 
Maiden, Massachusetts. 

(II) Daniel Lunt, second child of 
Henry and Anna Lunt, was born May 17, 
1641, in Newbury, died January 26, 1702. 
He married there (first) May 16, 1664, 
Hannah, daughter of Robert Coker; she 
was born January 15, 1645, died January 
29, 1679. He married (second) June 24, 
1679, Mary Moody, born February 28, 
1664, daughter of Caleb and Sarah 
(Pierce) Moody, and granddaughter of 
William and Sarah Moody, pioneer set- 
tlers of Newbury. 

(III) Henry (2) Lunt, son of Daniel 
and Hannah (Coker) Lunt, was born 
June 23, 1669, in Newburyport, and died 
August 9, 1737. He married, January I, 
1701, Sarah Bricket, born February 3, 
1677, daughter of Nathaniel Bricket. At 
this time there were two Henry Lunts in 
Newbury, both called Henry (3), and 
each of whom had a wife Sarah, so that 
it is very difficult to distinguish among 
their children. 

(IV) Abner Lunt, son of Henry (2) 
and Sarah (Bricket) Lunt, was born 
March 31, 1706, in Newbury, and mar- 
ried, May 6, 1726, Hannah Stickney, bap- 
tfzed July 24, 1709, at Byfield church, 
daughter of Andrew and Rebecca (Som- 
erby) Stickney. Children: Hannah, born 
February 17, 1727; Jane, October 13, 
1728; Sarah, September 14, 1730; Abner, 
mentioned below. 

(V) Abner (2) Lunt, son of Abner (i) 
2nd Hannah (Stickney) Lunt, was born 
July 25, 1732, in Newbury, and died at 
s ea at the age of fifty-five years. He mar- 
lied there, April 9, 1751, Miriam Coffin, 
born August 27, 1732, died March 7, 
1787, daughter of Benjamin and Miriam 
(Woodman) Coffin, of Newbury (see Cof- 
fin VIII). Children: Abigail, baptized 
March 30, 1752, at the First Presbyterian 
Church, now the Old South Church at 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Newburyport; Susa, August 16, 1753; 
Anna, December 16, 1754; Abner, born 
October 29, 1755; Molly, May 26, 1757; 
died young; Jacob, September 7, 1760; 
Molly, November 21, 1762; Micajah, men- 
tioned below. 

(VI) Micajah Lunt, youngest child of 
Abner (2) and Miriam (Coffin) Lunt, 
was born November 9, 1764, in Newbury- 
port, and died there August 30, 1840, at 
the age of seventy-five years. He ren- 
dered a long service during the Revolu- 
tion upon the sea. In 1779 he shipped 
on the armed vessel "Vengence" under 
Captain Thomas Thomas for an expedi- 
tion to the Penobscot. This vessel, with 
others, was burned in the river by com- 
mand of the commodore, to avoid capture 
by the British fleet. The men escaped to 
the shore and made their way back on 
foot to their several homes. Micajah 
Lunt immediately reshipped on his re- 
turn to Newburyport on the armed brig 
"Pallas," Captain William Knapp, and 
helped capture a British ship bound from 
Newfoundland to Lisbon, and was placed 
on board the prize under John Stone, of 
Newburyport, prize master. Thirty days 
later this vessel was taken by a British 
privateer schooner, and after twenty days 
was captured by a French seventy-four 
gun ship, and Lunt was liberated at 
Cadiz, Spain. At Cadiz he shipped on 
the America vessel "Count d'Estaing," 
commanded by Captain Proctor, of Mar- 
blehead, which was captured thirty days 
out by the English privateers "Viper" 
and "Duck," of Liverpool. Lunt was im- 
prisoned with others on the island of St. 
Kitts, and after sixty days there made his 
escape, in company with Captain Green 
Pearson, of Newburyport, reaching the 
island of St. Eustatia, where they shipped 
on the armed brig "Tom," commanded 
by Captain John Lee, of Newburyport, 
bound home. When about two weeks 



out they were taken by the British frigate 
"Guadaloupe," and conveyed to New 
York, where Lunt was placed on the 
prison ship "Hunter." He was there on 
the memorable dark day of May 19, 1780, 
was subsequently exchanged and sent to 
Boston, whence he returned to Newbury- 
fort. There he shipped on the privateer 
"Intrepid," Captain Moses Brown, which 
carried twenty twelve-pound guns. Pro- 
ceeding to Boston, the crew was recruited 
to one hundred and twenty men, and the 
vessel cruised to L'Orient, France, where 
the ship was coppered and a spar deck 
added. Taking on board a cargo of am- 
munition and other munitions of war, the 
vessel proceeded in safety to Baltimore, 
where the cargo was dicharged. Seaman 
Lunt continued on the ship until 1783, 
when it was sold in Cuba, and he returned 
to his home at Newburyport. He mar- 
ried (first) June n, 1792, Sarah Giddings, 
born August 13, 1765, daughter of Daniel 
and Sarah (Lord) Giddings, and grand- 
daughter of Lieutenant Daniel Giddings, 
who served in the capture of Louisburg 
in 1744. The last named was a son of 
William Giddings, judge of probate of 
Essex county. Sarah (Giddings) Lunt 
died January 5, 1827, and Mr. Lunt mar- 
ried (second) Sarah B., daughter of Ed- 
mund Sweet, born June 13, 1793, died 
September 2, 1876. Children: William, 
born 1794, died young; Micah, April 22, 
1796; William, January i, 1798; Sarah 
Lord, October 6, 1800; Mary Coffin, No- 
vember 9, 1802; George, March 7, 1805; 
Hannah Giddings, March 25, 1807; Jacob 
William, January 20, 1809; Susan Maria, 
mentioned below. 

(VII) Susan Maria Lunt, fourth daugh- 
ter of Micajah and Sarah (Giddings) 
Lunt, was born June 5, iSn, in Newbury- 
port, and was married, December 16, 
1835, to David Perkins Page, of Albany 
(see Page VIII). 



239 






ENCYC 

(The Coffin Line). 

In Fallaise, a town in Normandy, 
stands the old chateau of Courtitout, once 
the home of the Norman Coffins ; the 
name is; now extinct in that vicinage. 
The chateau is now owned by Monsieur 
Le Clere, who is the grandson of the last 
Mademoiselle Coffin, who married a Le 
Clere in 1796. Until her marriage the 
chateau had always been owned by a 
Coffin. (The above information came 
through Admiral Henry E. Coffin, of the 
English navy, who is the nephew of 
Admiral Sir Isaac Coffin, who was born 
in Boston, Massachusetts, May 16, 1759, 
made a baronet, and granted a coat-of- 
arms in 1804). 

The family traces its ancestry to Sir 
Richard Coffin, knight, who accompanied 
William the Conqueror from Normandy 
to England, in the year 1066, to whom the 
manor of Alwington in the County of 
Devonshire was assigned. There are 
various branches of the family in County 
Devon. The English records show the 
name of Covin, whence it was changed 
to Cophin, and is also found as Kophin, 
Coffyn and Coffyne. 

Before 1254 the family was flourishing 
at Portledge near the sea, in the parish of 
Alwington, five miles from Biddeford, 
England. For a period of two hundred 
years the heir always received the name 
of Richard and so the family was per- 
petuated for many generations through 
that name. The name was early brought 
to the Massachusetts Bay Colony and has 
been borne by many leading men. The 
Coffin family were not as conspicuous 
during the Revolution as they undoubt- 
edly would have been if their location had 
been different. The island was visited by 
the British warships on several occasions, 
and the inhabitants were intimidated, and 
for their own safety were obliged to pre- 
serve a neutrality. The Portledge family 
bore these arms : Vert, five cross-cross- 

240 



,RAPHY 



lets argent, between four plates. These 
arms are also used by the American 
families. 

(I) Tristram Coffin, a descendant of 
Sir Richard Coffin, married and lived in 
Brixton, County of Devonshire, England. 
In his will he left legacies to Anne and 
John, children of his son Nicholas Coffin; 
Richard and Joan, children of Lionel 
Coffin ; Philip Coffin and his son, Tris- 
tram ; and appointed Nicholas Coffin, of 
whom further, as his executor. 

(II) Nicholas Coffin, son of Tristram 
Coffin, lived in Butler's parish, Devon- 
shire, England, where he died in 1603. In 
his will, which was proved at Totnes, in 
Devonshire, November 3, 1603, mention 
is made of his wife, Joan, and five chil- 
dren, namely: Peter, of whom further; 
Nicholas, Tristram, John and Anne. 

(III) Peter Coffin, eldest son of Nicho- 
las and Joan Coffin, was born on the Cof- 
fin estate at Brixton, Devonshire, Eng- 
land, about 1580, and died there in 1627- 
28. He married Joan or Joanna Thember, 
and their six children were born and bap- 
tized in the parish of Brixton, Devon- 
shire, England, in the order following: 
i. Tristram, mentioned below. 2. John, 
born about 1607; was a soldier and died 
in the service from a mortal wound re- 
ceived in battle during the four years' 
siege of a fortified town during the civil 
war, and died within the town about 1642. 
3. Joan, born in England, about 1609, 
probably died there. 4. Deborah, died 
probably in England. 5. Eunice, born in 
England, came to Massachusetts Bay 
Colony with her parents ; married Wil- 
liam Butler, and died in 1648. 6. Mary, 
married Alexander Adams, and had chil- 
dren : Mary, Susannah, John and Samuel ; 
she died in 1677 or thereabouts. Widow 
Joan with her children, Tristram, Eunice 
and Mary ; her two sons-in-law, hus- 
bands of her daughters who were married 
in England ; her daughter-in-law, Dionis ; 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and five grandchildren, came to Salisbury 
in 1642. She died in Boston, in May, 
1661, aged seventy-seven years, and in 
the notice of her family it is quaintly 
stated that the Rev. Mr. Wilson "em- 
balmed her memory." 

(IV) Tristram (2) Coffin, eldest son of 
Peter and Joan (Thember) Coffin, was 
born in the parish of Brixton, Devon- 
shire, England, probably in 1605. He was 
of the landed gentry of England, being 
heir to his father's estate in Brixton, and 
he was probably a churchman after the 
order of the time of Elizabeth. He died 
at his home on Nantucket Island, Octo- 
ber 2, 1681. It is a strange fact that the 
Christian name of the immigrant fore- 
father of all the Coffins in America, Tris- 
tram, is repeated and multiplied in every 
family in every generation, while the 
name of the foremother, Dionis, is re- 
peated but once in all the generations, 
and that was when it was given to the 
eldest daughter of Stephen, but when she 
married Jacob Norton her name appears 
as Dinah. It is not known on which of 
the early ships conveying emigrants from 
England to New England the Coffin fam- 
ily took passage, but it is generally be- 
lieved that it was the same ship that 
brought Robert Clement, the emigrant, 
who owned the ships "Hector," "Griffin," 
"Job Clement," and "Mary Clement," and 
if Robert Clement, the immigrant, took 
passage on one of his own ships, Tristram 
Coffin, the immigrant, was a passenger in 
the same ship, and both men settled in 
Haverhill in 1642. 

The early settlers of Salisbury, which 
town was established October /, 1640, 
commenced a settlement at Pentucket the 
same year, and the Indian deed for this 
land was witnessed by Tristram Coffin in 
1642, and in 1643 ne removed to the place 
which was established as the town of 
Haverhill, Norfolk county, Massachu- 
setts Bay Colony. He settled near Robert 
MASS-VO! iv is 241 



Clement. Tradition has it that Tristram 
Coffin was the first man to plow land in 
the town of Haverhill, he constructing 
his own plow. He changed his residence 
to the "Rocks'' in the following year, and 
in 1648-49 removed to Newbury where he 
kept an ordinary and sold wine and 
liquors and kept the Newbury side of 
Carr's Ferry. In September, 1643, his 
wife, Dionis, was prosecuted for selling 
beer for three pence per quart, while the 
regular price was but two pence, but she 
proved that she had put six bushels of 
malt into the hogshead while the law only 
required the use of four bushels, and she 
was discharged. He returned to Salis- 
bury and was commissioner of the town, 
and while living there purchased or 
planned the purchase of the island of 
Nantucket, where he with his associates 
removed on account of religious persecu- 
tion. At least Thomas Macy, who was 
the pioneer settler on Nantucket Island, 
"fled from the officers of the law and sold 
his property and home rather than submit 
to tryranny, which punished a man for 
being hospitable to strangers in the rain- 
storm even though the strangers be 
Quakers." Mr. Macy returned to Salis- 
bury and resided there in 1664, and when 
he left he sold his house and lands and so 
the story of his fleeing from persecution 
would seem to be spoiled and history per- 
haps gives the true reason for his migra- 
tion, the search for a milder climate and 
better opportunities for cultivating the 
soil. 

Early in 1654 Tristram Coffin took 
Peter Folger, the grandfather of Benja- 
min Franklin, at the time living in 
Martha's Vineyard, as an interpreter of 
the Indian language, and proceeded to 
Nantucket to ascertain the "temper and 
disposition of the Indians and the capa- 
bilities of the island, that he might report 
to the citizens of Salisbury what induce- 
ments were offered emigrants." A grant 






ENC 

of the island had been gin 
Mayhew by- William Earl, of Sterling, 
and recorded in the secretary's office of 
the State of New York, July 2, 1659. 
Thomas Mayhew deeded the island to 
Tristram Coffin, Richard Swain, Peter 
Coffin, Stephen Greenleaf, William Pike, 
Thomas Macy, Thomas Barnard, Chris- 
topher Hussey, John Swain, retaining an 
interest of one-twentieth for himself, the 
consideration being "30 and two Beaver 
Hats, one for myself and one for my 
wife." Later the same parties purchased 
from one Wanackmamak, head Sachem 
of Nantucket, a large part of their lands, 
consideration 40. James Coffin accom- 
panied Thomas Macy and family, Ed- 
ward Starbuck and Isaac Coleman to the 
island later the same year, and they all 
took up their residence there. The Coffin 
family that settled at Nantucket included 
Tristram, Sr. ; Jam.es, Mary, John, and 
Stephen, each the head of a family. Tris- 
tran Coffin was thirty-seven years old 
when he arrived in America, and fifty- 
five years old at the time of his removal 
to Nantucket, and during the first year of 
his residence he was the richest proprie- 
tor. The property of his son Peter is 
said soon after to have exceeded that of 
the original proprietor, the family to- 
gether owning about one-fourth of the 
island and the whole of Tuckernock. On 
the 29th of June, 1671, Francis Lovelace, 
governor of New York, granted a com- 
mission to Tristram Coffin to be chief 
magistrate on and over the island of Nan- 
tucket and Tuckanucket (deeds III, sec- 
retary's office, Albany, New York). At 
the same time Thomas Mayhew was ap- 
pointed the chief magistrate of Martha's 
Vineyard through commissions signed by 
Governor Lovelace, of New York, bear- 
ing date June 29, 1671, and the two chief 
magistrates, together with two assistants 
for each island, constituted a general 



Dative jurisdiction over 
both isianus . ihe appointment was made 
by Governor Francis Lovelace, of New 
York, and his second commission, Sep- 
tember 16, 1677, was signed by Edward 
Andros, governor-general of the province 
of New York. Tristram, when he died, 
left his widow, Dionis ; seven children, 
sixty grandchildren, and a number of 
great-grandchildren, and in 1728 there 
had been born to him one thousand five 
hundred and eighty-two descendants, of 
whom one thousand and twenty-eight 
were living. He married Dionis (the 
diminutive for Dionysia and afterwards 
written Dionys), daughter of Robert 
Stevens, of Brixton, England. The chil- 
dren were nine in number, the first five 
having been born in England, as follows: 
Peter, Tristram, Elizabeth, James, John, 
Deborah, Mary, John, Stephen. 

(V) Tristram (3) Coffin, second son of 
Tristram (2) and Dionis (Stevens) Cof- 
fin, was born in 1632, in England, came 
to America with his parents at ten years 
of age, and was ancestor of all the Coffins 
originating from Newbury, where he died 
February 4, 1704. He married, March 2, 
1653, in Newbury, Judith, daughter of 
Edmund Greenleaf, the immigrant, and 
widow of Henry Somerby, of Newbury. 
She died December 15, 1705. 

(VI) Stephen Coffin, son of Tristram 
(3) and Judith (Greenleaf-Somerby) Cof- 
fin, was born August 18, 1665, in New- 
bury, where he married, October 8, 1685, 
Sarah, daughter of John Atkinson, of that 
town, born November 27, 1665. 

(VII) Benjamin Coffin, son of Stephen 
and Sarah (Atkinson) Coffin, was born 
June 14, 1710, in Newbury, where he mar- 
ried, October 28, 1731, Miriam Woodman, 
born March 13, 1715, daughter of Jona- 
than and Abigail (Atkinson) Woodman. 

(VIII) Miriam Coffin, daughter of Ben- 
jamin and Miriam (Woodman) Coffin, 



242 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



was born August 27, 1732, in Newbury, 
and became the wife of Abner (2) Lunt, 
of that town (see Lunt V). 

(The Brewster Line). 

There were several immigrants of this 
name early in New England, the name 
appearing in the early records as Bruster 
and Breuster. 

(I) John Brewster, whose parentage 
has not been discovered, came to Ports- 
mouth, New Hampshire, after 1658 and 
before 1664. At a general town meeting. 
March 8, 1666, he subscribed eight shil- 
lings for the support of Rev. Moody's 
ministry, and March 17, 1671, subscribed 
twelve shillings. He died in 1691, leaving 
a will, which named wife, Mary ; only 
son, John ; and grandson, John ; also six 
daughters : Sarah, Elizabeth, Martha, 
Mary, Jane and Rachel. In the seating 
of the meeting house in 1694, Widow 
Brewster was assigned a seat on the main 
floor. He married, about 1650, Mary, 
daughter of Roger Knight, was a free- 
man in 1672, and grand juryman in 1687. 

(II) John (2) Brewster, son of John 
(i) and Mary (Knight) Brewster, was 
born about 1660, and lived on Portsmouth 
Plains. He died in 1726, and his will was 
in probate August 8 of that year. In 1694 
he was assigned a seat in the men's gal- 
lery, and his wife in the women's gallery 
of the Portsmouth church. In the great 
massacre of June 26, 1696, at Portsmouth 
Plains, his house was burned, his wife 
was scalped, and their African slave, 
Dinah, was killed. He was elected select- 
man, March 25, 1721. He married Mary, 
daughter of Richard Sloper, born Febru- 
ary n, 1663, died February 22, 1744. She 
recovered from the horrible treatment of 
the Indians, and was afterward the 
mother of several children. Children: 
John, a tailor; Samuel, mentioned below; 
Joseph, cordwainer; Joshua, blacksmith; 
and Abigail, married Samuel White. 

243 



(III) Samuel Brewster, son of John 
(2) and Mary (Sloper) Brewster, was 
probably born before 1700, and built a 
house on Portsmouth Plains, in 1722. He 
was a tax payer in 1727, was elected 
selectman, March 26, 1739, and had a pew 
in the center of the North Church, which 
was occupied by the family from the erec- 
tion of the building in 1712, to 1837. He 
married Margaret, daughter of Timothy 
W'aterhouse, whose wife was a Miss 
Moses, of Portsmouth. Children : Mar- 
garet, married Mr. Furbisher, of Boston, 
and died soon after ; Samuel, of Barring- 
ton; Moses, inherited the homestead on 
Portsmouth Plains ; Timothy, died at the 
age of twenty-one years ; John, went to 
sea and was never again heard of; Abi- 
gail, married Leader Nelson; Mary, mar- 
ried Samuel Winkley, of Barrington ; 
Daniel, removed to Rochester in 1775, 
and twenty years later to W'olfeboro, 
New Hampshire; David, mentioned be- 
low; Colonel William, married Ruth 
Foss, and lived in Portsmouth; Paul, re- 
sided in Barrington ; Margaret, married 
Joseph Hayes ; Lydia, wife of Joseph 
Hicks, of Madbury. 

(IV) David Brewster, sixth son of 
Samuel and Margaret (Waterhouse) 
Brewster, was born 1739, in Portsmouth. 
He was a joiner by trade, and in 1766 
built a residence on Deer street, in the 
present city of Providence, where he died 
in 1818. He married Mary, daughter of 
John Gains, and had the following chil- 
dren, baptized at the North Church at 
Portsmouth: Ruth, February 12, 1764; 
Margaret, January 25, 1767; Samuel, 
mentioned below; David, September 9, 
1770; George, January 31, 1773; Mark, 
December 4, 1774; John Gains, January 
n, 1778. 

(V) Samuel (2) Brewster, son of David 
and Mary (Gains) Brewster, was baptized 
December 18, 1/68, in the North Church 
of Providence, and lived in that town. He 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

married Mary Ham, and had children : Edgerly, whose ancestry dates back to 
George Gains. Harriott, Charles Warren, the early part of the seventeeth century- 
John Samuel, and Willam Henry. in this country. 

(VI) William Henry Brewster, young- (I) Thomas Edgerly. born in England 
est son of Samuel (2) and Mary (Ham) about 1644. was a resident of Oyster 
Brewster, was born 1812. and died in River Settlement, Dover, Xew Hamp- 
1880. He was a part owner of the ship shire, in 1665, which is now the town of 
"Crown Point/' which was destroyed Durham. At the burning of the Oyster 
May 13, 1863, by the Confederate cruiser River Settlement by the Indians, the 
''Florida/' fitted out in England, and in house of Thomas Edgerly was destroyed, 
the award of the Alabama claims com- He married, September 28, 1665, Rebecca, 
mission received compensation for the daughter of John and Remembrance 
loss. In association with Joseph B. (Ault) Hallowell, and they had children : 
Morss he purchased the Newport ''Daily" Zachariah, killed by Indians, at Oyster 
and "Semi-weekly Herald/' in June. 1834, River, July 18, 1694; a daughter, name 
and for twenty years it was published by lost, made prisoner by Indians on same 
Morss & Brewster, after which William date; Thomas, settled in Greenland in 
H. Huse became a partner in the firm, 1700: Samuel, married Elizabeth Tuttle ; 
and sole owner in 1856. Subsequently John, mentioned below ; Joseph, married 
William H. Brewster was treasurer and Mary Green. 

business manager of the Boston "Trav- (II) John Edgerly, fourth son of Thom- 

eler.'' He married, March 30, 1837. in as and Rebecca (Hallowellj Edgerly, was 

Newburyport, Mary Young Allen, born born 1670, at Oyster River, and lived 

April 12, 1815, daughter of Ephraim W. there, dying in 1/50. He was a weaver 

and Dorothy (Stickney) Allen. The chil- by trade, and his residence was in the 

dren of William Henry and Mary Young present town of Madbury. He married, 

(Allen) Brewster were : Emeline Smith, in 1700, Elizabeth Rawlings. Children : 

Mary Allen, Margaret Allen, mentioned Elizabeth, born 1701 ; John, 1703; Zacha- 

below; William Henry. Jr., who died in riah, mentioned below; Joseph, 1706; 

June, 1904, in Swampscott, Massachu- Alice, 1708; Hannah, 1710. 

setts; Allen Morss. who is now living at (HT) Zachariah Edgerly, second son 

Newburyport, Massachusetts. of John and Elizabeth ( Rawlings) 

(VII) Margaret Allen Brewster, daugh- Edgerly, was born 1/05, in Durham, and 
ter of William Henry and Mary Young resided in that town, where he died in 
(Allen) Brewster, was born March 30, 1780. He married (first) May u, 1723. 
1846, at Newburyport, and became the Joanna Drew, and (second) in 1759, Su- 
wife of Henry Titcomb Page, of Fitch- sanna Taylor. Children of first marriage : 
burg. Massachusetts (see Page IX). Ruth, born 1727; Olive, 1732 : John. 1735 ; 

Daniel, 1737. Children of second mar- 
riage: Jonathan, born 1760: Susannah, 
EDGERLY, Joseph Gardner, 

J 1763 ; Samuel, mentioned below. 

Successful Educator. ( IV ) Samuel Edgerly, youngest child 
Among the representative families of of Zachariah and Susanna (Taylor) 
New England, members of which have Edgerly, was born June 3, 1/65, in North- 
led useful and exemplary lives, perform- wood, and died in Pittsfield, New Hamp- 
ing the duties alloted to them faithfully shire, March 31, 1854. He was a carpen- 
and well, may be mentioned that of ter and did a large business in contract- 

244 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

ing for buildings. He married Lydia S. Haverhill, New Hampshire, and had chil- 

Johnson, born August 2, 1767, in North- dren : Josephine and Julien C. ; Euphemia 

wood, daughter of Samuel and Lydia D., born August 18, 1831, died July n, 

(Roberts) Johnson, died December 4, 1852 ; Martin Van Buren, born September 

1822. Children: Drusilla, born Xovem- 26, 1833, died March 18, 1895, he married 

ber 5, 1788, married a Mr. Hill and died Alvina Barney, of Grafton, New Hamp- 

October 2, 1869; Elizabeth, September shire, and they had children: Clinton J. 

26, .1790, died July 2, 1836; Samuel John- and Mabel C. ; Hannah A., born June i, 

son, mentioned below; Ruth, May 6, 1836, died September 13, 1909, she mar- 

1795, died April 2, 1878; Abigail, Septem- ried Ambrose Pearson, and they had 

ber 26, 1799, died November 19, 1839; three children: Carrie, Fred Stark and 

John, May 4, 1802, died January 15, 1873; "Walter A.; Joseph Gardner, mentioned 

Lydia S., December 25, 1804, died August below; Araminta C., born July 6, 1841, 

5, 1854, married (first) a Mr. Tucker, unmarried; Clarence M., born September 

(second) John Meader; Hannah, August 28, 1844, married (first) S. Fannie Stone, 

9, 1807, died April 27, 1889; Joseph G., of Manchester, and (second) Josephine 

July 15, iSn, died March 30, 1838. A. Bosher, of Manchester, and had two 

(V) Samuel Johnson Edgerly, eldest children: Alice J. and Ferdinand B. ; and 

son of Samuel and Lydia S. (Johnson) Jacob F., born September 30, 1845, died 

Edgerly, was born February 17, 1793, in July 20, 1846. 

Northwood, and died July 2, 1851, in (VI) Joseph Gardner Edgerly, third 
Manchester, New Hampshire. In early son of Samuel Johnson and Eliza (Bick- 
life he was a teacher in the schools of ford) Edgerly, was born October 12, 
Barnstead, New Hampshire, and was 1838, in Barnstead, and was six years of 
later employed as clerk in a store in that age when he went with his parents to 
town. Subsequently he engaged in farm- Manchester, New Hampshire. Until ten 
ing in that town and the adjoining town years of age, he had there the educational 
of Pittsfield, and on retiring removed to advantages supplied by the public schools, 
Manchester. He was a member of the and then entered the Amoskeag mills as 
Congregational church and of the Ma- bobbin boy, where he continued one year, 
sonic fraternity. Politically he was like For the succeeding seven years he alter- 
most of his compatriots, a Democrat, nated between farm work and study, pay- 
With an interest in the progress of man- ing his school expenses by his own labor, 
kind, he enjoyed the respect and confi- In 1857 he began an attendance of one 
dence of his compatriots, and was called year at the Manchester high school, and 
upon to serve as selectman in Barnstead. then engaged in teaching, alternating 
He married, in 1823, Eliza Bickford, born with farm work and study. In 1858 and 
June 27, 1802, in Lee, New Hampshire, 1859 he taught school in Bakersville, and 
daughter of William Bickford, died June was called to be principal of the grammar 
17, 1881, in Manchester, New Hampshire, school at Piscataquag at the close of that 
Children : Arianna, born November 29, period. In 1862 he was transferred to a 
1824, married James A. Jordan, of Man- school in Manchester. Soon he secured 
Chester, and died June 25, 1854; Andrew leave of absence in order to enter the 
Jackson, born October 8, 1828, died Feb- government postal service at Fortress 
ruary 26, 1890, he married (first) Ann Monroe. This he was soon forced to 
Eliza Williams, of Mansfield, Massachu- abandon by impaired health, and returned 
setts, and (second) Sarah C. Carr, of to Manchester. Soon he entered the 

245 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



sophomore class at Dartmouth College, 
and was graduated in 1867. He was at 
once elected superintendent of the Man- 
chester schools, and continued eight years 
in this position, which he resigned to 
become superintendent of schools at 
Fitchburg. Massachusetts. This position 
he filled thirty-nine years, making fifty- 
two years of continuous school work, and 
at the time of his retirement was dean of 
the Eastern States school superintend- 
ents. He has always striven to make 
Fitchburg schools an example for other 
schools, and with success, attracting the 
attention of educators throughout the 
United States and even in Europe, whence 
inquiries have often come concerning 
plans successfully worked out here. 
Fitchburg was the pioneer in the intro- 
duction of a part-time industrial course. 
While the school board usually has been 
equally divided as to race or religion, Mr. 
Edgerly was nearly always reflected 
unanimously, and school problems have 
been decided without deadlocks, pro- 
claiming the superintendent a diplomat 
and gentleman of varied qualifications. 
As a public speaker and worker for the 
best interests of the community, he enjoys 
an enviable reputation. For thirty-one 
years he has been a trustee of the Wallace 
Library, and twenty-two years trustee of 
Cushing Academy, and has held all the 
offices in the gift of the various educa- 
tional societies of the region. L'pon his 
retirement in June, 1914, the Fitchburg 
Teachers Association gave him a recep- 
tion, attended by school committeemen 
and other officials, at the rooms of the 
Board of Trade and Merchants' Associa- 
tion, at which he was presented a book of 
congratulations and good wishes signed 
by every teacher of the schools and a 
purse of gold. Several prominent citizens, 
some of whom were educated under Su- 
perintendent Edgerly, made addresses, 
and in every way the guest of the even- 

246 



ing was impressed with the good will and 
affection of officials, associates and the 
entire community. In addressing the 
meeting, Mr. Edgerly said: 

It would have been my personal desire to retire 
from this position with as little ceremony as was 
exhibited when I assumed the duties that have 
devolved upon me for nearly forty years. It 
should, in my opinion, be left to others to speak 
of what an official has accomplished or what he 
has failed to accomplish. It seems, however, that 
it has been decreed otherwise, in my case, and 
thus I am compelled to talk of myself and of my 
work subjects whose consideration in some re- 
spects are not calculated to awaken the highest 
degree of enthusiasm. A condition of affairs is 
thus brought to my attention and in response to 
the kind words that have been said at this time I 
shall attempt to present some statements with 
reference to work of the past thirty-nine years 
and in this presentation of affairs I shall un- 
doubtedly repeat what many of you have heard 
before but for this repetition I offer no excuse or 
apology. I cannot in justice to myself, allow the 
opportunity to pass without giving expression to 
my sense of appreciation of the support that has 
been given me by the members of the board who 
have retired from service, and also to those who 
at this time are active members thereof. These 
members have been my frinds not merely in an 
official capacity but I desire to say from the 
promptings of a grateful heart that no man who 
ever occupied an official position has had sup- 
porters more loyal or co-workers more steadfast, 
in their tokens of personal friendship than I have 
had in the persons of many who have been associ- 
ated with me in the past and others who are now 
laboring with me. This loyalty, this friendship 
has been manifested without stint at times when 
I was in sore need of sympathetic support and 
thus it is a pleasure for me in this public manner 
to make grateful acknowledgment thereof. These 
expressions savor not of eulogistic rhetoric nor 
of idle meaningless, flattery put forth at a time 
when relations are to be severed that are well 
nigh fraternal. Any man holding official position 
must expect to meet with harsh criticism and at 
times with fierce opposition. It has not been my 
lot to escape these comments or these criticisms 
and undoubtedly they were deserved, as no public 
official has the right to assume that his record 
does not deserve censure. Whatever may have 
been the record, whatever may have been 
the failings of the incumbent of this office, 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the hearty, the unfailing support of members of 
former boards and of the present board has been 
such that the labors of the position have been 
thereby lightened. Thus in retiring from such a 
position one feels that he is withdrawing from a 
circle in which personal friendship is a prominent 
feature. My appreciation of the courteous and 
sympathetic expressions from the teachers was 
expressed in a circular letter, a copy of which I 
sent a few months since to each and every teacher 
who signed a request that I reconsider my deter- 
mination to relinquish the duties of my position 
at the close of the present year. Such a petition 
signed by every teacher in the city is something 
of which anyone may justly feel proud and in 
addition to what was said in reply to that petition, 
I must from the promptings of a grateful heart 
acknowledge my high appreciation of such a testi- 
monial. The kind and sympathetic expressions 
from many of the citizens of this municipality 
have given me cheer and encouragements, and I 
regret that I am unable to respond personally to 
each and every one of these manifest tokens of 
esteem. Words are inadequate for the expres- 
sions of appreciation of such tokens of friendship. 

"There are billows far out on the ocean 
That never can break on the beach, 
There are waves of human emotion 
That can find no expression in speech." 

Mr. Edgerly is a prominent and influ- 
ential member of the Masonic organiza- 
tion, having been made a Mason in Lafay- 
ette Lodge, No. 41, Ancient Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, of Manchester, New 
Hampshire, in 1861. He is also a member 
of Mt. Horeb Chapter, Royal Arch Ma- 
sons, and Adoniram Council, Royal and 
Select Masters, of Manchester. He was 
knighted in 1862, in Trinity Command- 
ery, Knights Templar, of Manchester, 
transferring his membership to Jerusa- 
lem Commandery, of Fitchburg, being 
past eminent commander of the latter. 
He is also a member of the Grand Com- 
mandery of Massachusetts and Rhode 
Island, in which he is an officer. He 
is a thirty-second degree Mason, hold- 
ing membership in the New Hampshire 
Consistory. He is a member of the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, hav- 
ing joined Wildey Lodge, of Manchester, 

247 



of which he is past noble grand. Upon 
the organization of Apollo Lodge, Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, of Fitch- 
burg, he affiliated with the latter, of 
which he was the first noble grand. He 
is a member of Wonolanset Encamp- 
ment, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
of Manchester. He is a member of 
the Knights of Pythias, and the Benevo- 
lent and Protective Order of Elks. In early 
life Mr. Edgerly took an active interest 
in the temperance movement. 

Mr. Edgerly married, April 10, 1877, 
Mary J. Graves, born February 10, 1842, 
in Groton, Massachusetts, daughter of 
John J. and Lucy (Pollard) Graves, of 
that town. The only child of this mar- 
riage, Louise Graves Edgerly, was born 
January 19, 18/9, and died February 13, 
1901, in Fitchburg. Mrs. Edgerly passed 
away in Fitchburg, May 3, 1910. 



WHITCOMB, Henry E., 

Financier, Enterprising Citizen. 

Whitcomb is an ancient English sur- 
name. The coat-of-arms is described. 
Paly of six or and sable three eagles disp. 
countercharged. Crest : Out of ducal cor- 
onet argent a demi-eagle per pale sable 
and argent wings countercharged (Burke's 
General Armory). Motto: Aquila non 
Captat Muscas. Symon Whitcomb, of the 
English family, was one of the original 
patentees of the old Massachusetts Bay 
Company. 

(I) John Whitcomb, the pioneer ances- 
tor of the American family, was born in 
England and is believed to have been son 
of John and Anne (Harper) Whitcomb, 
of London. John Harper, father of Anne 
Harper, was a member of the East India 
Company in 1620, and it is recorded that 
he gave to John Whitcomb a share in 
Virginia. John Whitcomb settled in 
Dorchester as early as 1633, and joined 
the church there in 1635. In 1640 he 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



located in Scituate, Massachusetts, and 
in 1643 his name appeared in the list of 
those able to bear arms. He was a con- 
stable, and was admitted a freeman, June 
3, 1652. In 1654 he removed to Lancas- 
ter, of which he was one of the founders, 
and he died there, September 24, 1662, 
aged seventy-four years. He married, in 

England, Frances . Her will was 

dated May 12, 1671. She died May 17, 
1671. Her daughter Mary was executrix. 
He died intestate and his estate was 
divided among his heirs by agreement. 
Children : Catherine, married Rodolphus 
Ellmes, of Scituate; James, lived in Bos- 
ton; John, in Lancaster; Robert, in Scitu- 
ate; Jonathan, mentioned below; Alary, 
married John Moore ; Josiah, born in 1638. 

(II) Jonathan Whitcomb, son of John 
Whitcomb, was born in England about 
1630, died about 1690. In 1655 he re- 
moved to Lancaster and, except during 
King Philip's War. spent the rest of his 
life there, sharing the homestead with his 
brother John until the latter died in 1683. 
He married, November 25, 1667, Hannah 
Joslin, who was killed by Indians at Lan- 
caster, July 18, 1692. Children: Hannah, 
born September 17, 1668; Jonathan, men- 
tioned below ; Hannah, August 29, 1671 ; 
Abigail, May 5, 1674; Elizabeth, 1676; 
Katherine, 1678; Ruth, 1680; Mary. 1682; 
John, May 12. 1684. 

(III) Jonathan (2) Whitcomb, son of 
Jonathan (i) Whitcomb, was born in 
Lancaster, February 26, 1670, and died 
April 10, 1715. He married (first) Mary 
Blood, daughter of Abraham and Mary 
Blood, of Lancaster. He married (sec- 
ond) September 4, 1710, at Concord. Deb- 
orah Scripture, of Groton. Children by 
first wife : Jonathan, mentioned below ; 
Joseph ; Nathaniel ; Hannah ; Martha, 
born March 18, 1701 ; Ephraim. April. 
1702; Mary, 1704. Children by second 
wife: Benjamin, born December 1 1, 1711, 
at Groton ; Lydia. 

248 



(IV) Jonathan (3) Whitcomb, son of 
Jonathan (2) Whitcomb, was born at 
Lancaster in 1690, and died about 1767. 
He resided in Littleton, where he owned 
lime kilns. He was at various times tan- 
ner, currier, blacksmith, shoemaker and 
incidentally made coffins. The dam that 
he built at Littleton and his limestone 
quarry are objects of interest to descend- 
ants. He married, May 15, 1716, Deliver- 
ance Nutting, daughter of James Nutting, 
and granddaughter of John Nutting, who 
was the pioneer of Groton. Children : 
Jonathan, born December 23, 1717; Wil- 
liam, September 10, 1719; Oliver, August 
21, 1721; Elizabeth, January 17, 1723-24; 
Tamer, March 20, 1726; Lydia, March 22, 
1727-28; Job, April 16, 1730; Martha, De- 
cember 25, 1732; Abner. mentioned be- 
low ; Jotham, August 8, 1737. 

(V) Abner Whitcomb, son of Jona- 
than (3) \Vhitcomb, was born at Little- 
ton, February 4, 1734. He was a black- 
smith by trade. He was one of the Gro- 
ton minute-men who responded to the 
Lexington Alarm, April 19, 1775. In 1783 
he settled in Hancock, New Hampshire, 
his first farm there being on the plain 
between Bald Hill and Norway Pond, 
about a mile north of the pond. This 
farm he gave to his son John and he re- 
moved to another a mile further east- 
ward. In 1806. however, he was living 
in a house that he had built on Main 
street. He was received in the church 
at Hancock by letter from the Groton 
church, April i, 1787. He married (first) 
March 27, 1759, Sarah Jefts, born July 12, 
1734. The name of his second wife is not 
known. He married (third) September 

8, 1796, Susannah . He married 

(fourth) February 21, 1806. Abigail Boyn- 
ton, who died in October, 1823, a daugh- 
ter of Thomas and Alice Boynton, of 
Hancock. During his last years he was 
totally blind. He died February 13, 1821. 
His widow went to live with her brother, 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1830, when John Boynton sent for him. 
He went at once by stage to Petersham, 
and the rest of the way on foot. On the 
i8th he started on his first trip with his 
peddler's cart. After a second trip, Boyn- 
ton hired him for a year, giving him his 
board, one hundred dollars and a "vest" 
pattern. David Whitcomb demonstrated 
his business ability and made rapid prog- 
ress. He worked for a time in the shop. 
Boynton admitted him to partnership in 

1831, the next year, and in 1832 he took 



then proprietor of the Lamb Tavern in month. He went to Ware to seek work 
Boston, but later returned to Hancock, in the mills and found a job in the hotel 
where she died in 1823. Children by first of Deacon Porter, building fires, helping 
wife : Abner, born at Groton, February in the kitchen, blacking boots and doing 
13, 1/60; Samuel, January 30, 1763 ; John, other chores, remaining until January, 
August 30, 1764; Ebenezer, July 30, 1766; 
Oliver, June 18, 1768; Eli, February 18, 
1770; Sarah, February 2, 1772; Ira, Feb- 
ruary 13, 1774; Lucy, died August 5, 
1823. Children by third wife: Ira Meads; 
Eunice, died young. Child by fourth 
wife, David, mentioned below. 

(VI) David Whitcomb, son of Abner 
Whitcomb, was born at Hancock, New 
Hampshire, May 30, 1808. He was bound 
out at the age of seven in a family where 
he suffered harsh treatment and at the 
age of nine became chore-boy in another charge of a branch of the business at 
farmer's family, riding horse to plow, Leominster. The business of the branch 
driving cows to pasture, tending a distil- soon exceeded that of the headquarters 
lery. He received but little schooling, and within two years he was virtually the 
only a few winter terms in the district head of the business, which he extended 
school. At the age of eighteen he left far beyond all former records. The part- 
his native town on foot and obtained nership continued for fifteen years in un- 
employment at Gill, Massachusetts, on a interrupted harmony. It was dissolved 
farm which is the site of Moody's Mount in 1846 when Mr. Boynton retired. In 
Hermon School. There he remained until 1848 Colonel Henry S. Smith, afterward 
September, 1829, when broken health his son-in-law, was admitted to partner- 
drove him back to Hancock. The story ship, and in 1853 Mr. Whitcomb sold his 
of excessive labor and hardship during interests to this partner. In twenty hard 
his childhood and youth were engraved but prosperous years in the tin business 

Mr. Whitcomb accumulated what was at 
that time a handsome fortune, but he was 
then at the very beginning of his life 
work. He came to Worcester in the 
He was then of age and possessed a capi- spring of 1854. and in January, 1855, be- 
tal of $450, derived partly from his father's came a partner in the firm of C. Foster 

Company, hardware dealers. During 
the Civil War he had the courage and 
foresight to buy at panic prices in large 
quantities and the firm reaped a harvest 
in profits. In January, 1866, he withdrew 
from the firm of C. Foster & Company, 
which became afterward the firm of Dun- 
can & Goodell Company, continuing as 
the foremost of the hardware houses of 



on his deeply furrowed face, but his 
energy was not curbed nor his ambition 
crushed. When his health improved, he 
returned to work at Gill for a few weeks. 



estate, partly from a gift from an uncle 
and from his own savings. He went to 
Templeton, hoping to start in business as 
a tin peddler in the employ of a cousin, 
John Boynton, who was a tinsmith, but 
his mission failed. He left Gill after a 
few weeks, and went on foot to North- 
ampton, where he found a place with a 
Mrs. Mills, caring for her horse and help- 



ing her in the kitchen for five dollars a 



the city. He furnished the capital to 



249 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

establish his son in the envelope busi- it. He contributed more than $27,000 to 

ness, and during his later years his wis- its funds and had much to do with mak- 

dom and experience as well were devoted ing it a model of its kind in a new field 

to the development of the envelope busi- of educational work. 

ness. In 1883 he made a voyage to Europe 

In 1839 he joined the Trinitarian Con- for his health and was greatly benefited, 

gregational Church at Templeton and be- but his work was nearly done. Gradually 

came a very earnest Christian, the chief he set his house in order and prepared, as 

pillar of the church. Morning and even- few men do, to take leave of life. He died 

ing he maintained family worship, and July 8, 1887. Tributes to his memory 

he began to give to church and charities came from men in all walks of life, from 

and during the forty-seven years of his teachers, clergymen, business men and 

life afterward his gifts never amounted statesmen, students and laborers alike, 

to less than one hundred dollars ; in two appreciative of his useful life and noble 

years only was the amount less than two character. Senator Hoar said : "He was 

hundred dollars ; for thirty-two years the one of the best types of the New Eng- 

amount exceeded one thousand dollars a land character, faithful and true and 

year and in the last seven years his annual strong and wise." 

contributions exceeded ten thousand dol- He married, April 9, 1833, Margaret 
lars. The total of his gifts, testamentary Cummings, born at Littleton, New Hamp- 
and otherwise, exceeded $350,000. No shire, November i, 1808, died at Temple- 
part of this great sum was given for ton, August i, 1886 (see Cummings VII). 
selfish purposes. The largest sums were Children: i. Abby Boynton, born Janu- 
given to institutions of learning and his ary 7, 1834, died May 7, 1898; married 
favorite form of gift was in scholarships. Colonel Henry S. Smith, of Boston. 2. 
He was one of the founders of the Ellen Margaret, born March 31, 1841, died 
Worcester Polytechnic Institute, origi- unmarried April 18, 1882. 3. George 
nally called the Worcester County Free Henry, mentioned below. 
Institute of Industrial Science. John (VII) George Henry Whitcomb, son 
Boynton, his former partner, had decided of David Whitcomb, was born at Temple- 
to give the larger part of his fortune to ton, September 26, 1842. He came to 
promote industrial education and it was Worcester with his father in 1853 and 
Mr. Whitcomb who persuaded him to attended the public school on Thomas 
establish the school in Worcester. Hav- street. In 1860 he graduated from Phil- 
ing no formulated scheme of his own, Mr. lips Academy, Andover, and entered Am- 
Boynton by deed of gift placed $100,000 herst College from which he was gradu- 
in the hands of Mr. Whitcomb to carry ated in 1864. He was gymnasium captain 
out his purposes. Mr. Whitcomb took of his class and orator at commencement, 
counsel with his pastor, Rev. Mr. Sweet- On account of ill health he made a trip 
ser, and Governor Emory Washburn, the to Europe in a sailing vessel in the sum- 
advisor of Ichabod Washburn, who had mer of 1863 and returned much improved, 
a purpose similar to that of Mr. Boynton. In 1867 he received the honorary degree 
Subsequently Stephen Salisbury gave his of Master of Arts from Amherst. He 
financial assistance and cooperation. In was a member of the Gamma Chapter of 
1869 the institute was founded and as its the Psi Upsilon fraternity and of the Phi 
trustee and treasurer Mr. Whitcomb con- Beta Kappa. During the summer of 1864 
tinued for many years to aid and support he was employed in the hardware store of 

250 









- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

Calvin Foster & Company, in which his Whitcomb & Company. At first the 
father was a partner, but found the work capacity was 100,000 envelopes a day, but 
uncongenial and made a trip through the soon it became a million, and in five years 
Middle West, where, in Ohio, he investi- the factory was too small for the business, 
gated the manufacture of strawboard and In 1872 Mr. Whitcomb erected a new 
writing paper, learned of the possibilities factory at Lincoln square and this was 
of making envelopes, and decided to take increased by additions built in 1878, 1886 
up that line of industry. On his return to and 1889, until it was one of the largest 
\Vorcester he interested his father in the factory buildings in Worcester. They 
work, and the elder man invested some had one hundred thousand feet of floor 
money in the first envelope factory estab- space and an annual capacity of six hun- 
lished in Worcester. This was on School dred million envelopes, two million five 
street, the site now occupied by the fire hundred thousand straw and news board 
department, and Mr. Whitcomb had one boxes, not including a vast quantity re- 
Arnold machine, which, through the quired for the product of the concern, 
genius of two young mechanics in his The machines used have been built in the 
employ, was developed into the present Whitcomb shops and all the patents 
Swift envelope machine, capable of turn- owned by the company, 
ing out 75,000 envelopes a day, counted In 1884 the partnership was merged 
in bunches of twenty-five and boxed into a Massachusetts corporation known 
ready for shipment. In a few months the as the Whitcomb Envelope Company, 
School street shop was outgrown and in with capital stock of $150,000, David 
1865 Mr. "Whitcomb moved to Main and Whitcomb, president, G. Henry Whit- 
Walnut streets, where he remained until comb, treasurer and manager. After 
his father erected a new factory building the death of David Whitcomb, M. F. 
on Mercantile street. At first his wife Dickinson, of Boston, a college mate of 
was bookkeeper and he was clerk, cutter, G. Henry Whitcomb, was elected presi- 
machine tender, packer and shipper. Dur- dent. In 1894 Henry E. Whitcomb en- 
ing the first year he lost one thousand tered the business and gradually assumed 
dollars; during the second he made his the management. In 1898 the Whitcomb 
living and saved one hundred dollars, and Envelope Company became a division of 
in the third year a profit of two thousand the United States Envelope Company and 
dollars. In some of his later years, when Mr. Whitcomb retired, though he re- 
the business was most prosperous, the mained vice-president and a director of 
profits exceeded $100,000. He has often the new corporation, and his son, Henry 
said that it was his wife who cheered, in- E. Whitcomb, became manager of the 
spired and encouraged him during the old plant, which has since been known as 
early years when progress was slow and the Whitcomb Envelope Company Divi- 
failure threatened. sion. 

On January i, 1866, he moved into the In Mr. Whitcomb's employ more than 

new building on Mercantile street, which in that of any other manufacturer, the 

was the first in the United States built men most prominent in the envelope in- 

for the exclusive manufacture of enve- dustry of the present time were trained 

lopes. The elder Whitcomb sold out his and developed. Among those who started 

interest in the Calvin Foster & Company with him as boys were James Logan, the 

business and became associated with his present general manager of the United 

son under the firm name of G. Henry States Envelope Company ; the Swift 

251 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

brothers, and John S. Brigham, who were Worcester, Mr. Whitcomb did not con- 

the founders of the Logan, Swift & Brig- cern himself a great deal with general 

ham Envelope Company ; Charles W. financial operations in that city. He was 

Gray, later of the New England Envelope for some time a director of the old First 

Company ; John A. Sherman, of the Sher- National Bank, which with the old Cen- 

man Envelope Company; Charles Hey- tral and the Quinsigamond were absorbed 

wood, of the National Envelope Com- by the Worcester Trust Company, and a 

pany ; Frederick A. Bill, of the Spring- director of the Massachusetts Loan and 

field Envelope Company ; Ezra Water- Trust Company. In addition to this he 

house, of the Worcester Envelope Com- was formerly president of the Worcester 

pany, and others. Marlboro Street Railway; president of 

Mr. Whitcomb was also interested in the Standard Cattle Company of Wyo- 
real estate development. His first big ming; president of the Boston Raisin 
venture was the erection of the Cum- Company ; and a director of the follow- 
mings Block at 53-61 Main street, in the ing: The United States Coal and Oil 
construction of which face tile was used Company, the Equitable Securities Com- 
for the first time in Worcester. He later pany of New York, the Columbia Paper 
erected the Whitcomb Building at 78-80 Company, the Hartford Manufacturing 
Front street and the Granite Block at 82- Company, which manufactured govern- 
84 Front street. His residence at 51 Har- ment stamped envelopes, and of the State 
vard street was the first granite dwelling Bank of St. John, Kansas, 
house erected in Worcester. Up to within Mr. Whitcomb was associated in the 
a few years of his death he was dividing eighties with Henry D. Hyde, now de- 
his time between Worcester and the west- ceased, Henry M. Whitney; his lifelong 
ern cities, notably Seattle and Pueblo, friend, M. F. Dickinson, his college mate, 
Colorado, where he owned considerable Elmer P. Howe, and Colonel Albert E. 
property. Mr. W T hitcomb had the ability Pope, in obtaining control of the develop- 
to see values before they were expressed ment of the land along the line of the 
in edifices and other things that denote West End Street Railway Company, in 
prosperity. He also developed consider- Boston, and the disposal of the holdings 
able of the business property in the busi- of the West End Land Company netted 
ness center of Pueblo and Seattle. The those interested a large sum of money, 
present location of the retail center of Mr. Whitcomb also took a prominent 
Seattle on Upper Second avenue is due part in guiding several educational insti- 
in no small measure to the construction tutions. In 1884 he was elected a life 
there by Mr. Whitcomb, sometimes with trustee and for several years prior to his 
the cooperation of eastern friends. death had been the senior member of the 
Among the enterprises in Seattle in which board of Amherst College, and served as 
Mr. Whitcomb was interested financially treasurer of the college in 1897-98, and he 
were the Lowman tract, the Capitol hill served for many years on the finance corn- 
addition and extensions, the Estabrook mittee, to the great gain of its endow- 
Building, the Arcade Building, the Whit- m,ent funds ; he also acted as trustee mem- 
comb Building, the Arcade Annex, the ber of the finance committee of Holyoke 
Amherst Building and the Washington College, of Oberlin College. Ohio, and of 
Annex Hotel. the Worcester Polytechnic Institute, in 

Apart from his being engaged in manu- the establishment of which his father was 

facturing and the real estate business in counselor of Mr. Boynton, and he also 

252 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

helped many other schools and colleges in II, 1865, Abbie Miller Estabrook, born 

an advisory and financial way. He was April 8, 1842, died June I, 1900, daugh- 

president of the Amherst Alumni Asso- ter of Francis Chaffin and Caroline (Mil- 

ciation of Central Massachusetts; was a ler) Estabrook (see Estabrook VI). He 

member of the Andover Alumni Associa- married (second) January 22, 1902, Eliza- 

tion, serving at one time as vice-presi- beth (Shannon) Wickware, of Seattle, 

dent; treasurer of the Gamma Chapter Washington. Children by first wife: 

Corporation of the Psi Upsilon fraternity, Francis Chaffin, born March 5, 1867, died 

and a member of the Phi Beta Kappa. He August 12, 1867; Anne Boynton, born 

held membership in the Congregational October 22, 1868, died March 28, 1871 ; 

Club of Worcester, of which he was for- Henry Estabrook, mentioned below ; Mar- 

merly president, and many years ago, garet, born July 12, 1873, died July 12, 

when he was frequently in New York, 1873 ; Emma Caroline, born February 26, 

he called at the Transportation Club, in 1876, died May 29, 1902; David, men- 

which he retained membership up to his tioned below ; Ernest Miller, mentioned 

death. below. 

Mr. Whitcomb was a man of very deep Mr. Whitcomb passed away at his late 
religious beliefs, and as in his business home, No. 51 Harvard street, Worcester, 
life, his beliefs were expressed in action. February 13, 1916, aged seventy-three 
He was formerly a member of Central years. The three sons, Henry E. Whit- 
Congregational Church, but in 1884 he comb, of Worcester, David Whitcomb, of 
became a member of Plymouth Congre- Seattle and Ernest M. Whitcomb, of Am- 
gational Church, where he served as herst, are the executors, sole beneficiaries 
deacon for many years, also as trustee and trustees under the will and codicils, 
of the parish, and for many years taught (VIII) Henry Estabrook Whitcomb, 
a large Sunday school class. From 1890 son of George Henry Whitcomb, was 
to 1906 he was a member of the pruden- born in Worcester, August 18, 1871. He 
tial committee of the American Board of received his education in the Worcester 
Commissioners for Foreign Missions, be- Academy, the Worcester High School, 
ing chairman of the board for nine years, and Amherst College, from which he was 
and during those sixteen years he rarely graduated in 1894 with the degree of 
failed to attend the all-day meetings of Bachelor of Arts. While in college, as 
the board at Boston. After the rules of manager of the Musical Clubs, he ar- 
the American Board relieved him from ranged and carried out a tour in England 
his position, he was made a member of in the summer of 1894, taking forty stu- 
the executive and finance committees of dents and giving concerts all over Eng- 
the American Missionary Association, the land. This was the pioneer trip of any 
great home missionary agent of the Con- American college musical organization in 
gregational church, and for many years Europe. He is one of the editors of the 
regularly attended their meetings in New '94 Bugle, a graduate periodical of his 
York City. In politics he was a Repub- class, and is the permanent class secre- 
lican, but the only public office he held tary. In August, 1894, he entered busi- 
was that of member of the Worcester ness life at Worcester as an employee of 
School Committee for two years. For a the Whitcomb Envelope Company, and 
number of years he was vice-president of soon afterward was elected assistant 
the Worcester Board of Trade. treasurer and secretary of the corpora- 
Mr. Whitcomb married (first) October tion. In 1898 he became manager of the 

253 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

plant, after the consolidation, the busi- sessed property for the protection of 
ness being conducted under the name of property owners. In 1915 he was one of 
the Whitcomb Envelope Company Divi- the prime movers in forming the Worces- 
sion, United States Envelope Company, ter Military Training School. He is an 
In March, 1903, he shared a half-interest active member and for years an assessor 
in United States patent, No. 721,701, cov- of Plymouth Congregational Church, life 
ering an envelope-folding device, invent- member of the Young Men's Christian 
ed by George H. Hallop. In 1909 he was Association and life member of the Amer- 
treasurer of the Morgan Company, manu- ican Board of Commissioners for Foreign 
facturers of motor trucks. After a year Missions. He also holds membership in 
and a half he left that concern and estab- the Sons of the American Revolution, be- 
lished the Greendale Lumber & Supply ing eligible through the services of nine 
Company, manufacturers of wooden ancestors, namely : Abner Whitcomb, pri- 
boxes and cases, and developed the lum- vate in Bennington, Vermont, company; 
ber business in that section of the city Jonathan Whitcomb, private under Gen- 
of Worcester, and in 1912 he sold the eral Prescott and fifer of the Bolton, Mas- 
business as a going concern and retired, sachusetts, company ; - Lieutenant John 
Since September, 1909, when he resigned Cummings, an active participant in the 
as division manager for the United States battle of Bunker Hill ; Captain John Cum- 
Envelope Company, he has devoted his mings, also at Bunker Hill; Daniel Esta- 
time mainly to caring for his financial and brook, minute-man from, the town of Rut- 
real estate interests and to the business land, Massachusetts; Samuel Chaffin, 
of his father's estate, the management of minute-man from Littleton, Massachu- 
which devolved upon his three sons. He setts ; Lewis Miller, minute-man from 
is secretary of the Wachusett Investment Milton, Massachusetts ; David Fuller, and 
Company, president of the Estabrook In- Captain Aaron Fuller, his son, from Ded- 
vestment Company, vice-president of the ham, Massachusetts. He is connected 
Arcade Building and Realty Company, with the Massachusetts Chapter and 
He was vice-chairman and treasurer of Worcester Chapter of that order. He is 
the Republican city committee of Worces- a member of the Worcester Society of 
ter in 1898-1900. He is president of the Antiquity, Worcester National Historical 
Worcester High School Alumni Associa- Society, Worcester Art Museum (life 
tion, and has been successively secretary, member), Worcester Agricultural Soci- 
vice-president and president of the Am- ety, University Club of Boston, the Eco- 
herst Alumni Association of Central Mas- nomic Club, the Tatnuck Country Club, 
sachusetts. He was a founder and one of the Tatassit Canoe Club of Worcester, 
the original board of directors of the Mer- the Psi Upsilon fraternity and the Psi 
chants' National Bank of Worcester, and Upsilon Club of New York, 
an incorporator of the Worcester County Mr. Whitcomb married, June 20, 1895, 
Institution for Savings and of the Peo- at Xewton Center, Massachusetts, Ger- 
ple's Savings Bank of Worcester. Mr. trude Elouise Dowling, who was born at 
Whitcomb was one of the organizers and Providence, Rhode Island, December 27, 
president of the Worcester Association of 1872, daughter of the Rev. Dr. George 
Building Owners and Managers. In 1916 Thomas Dowling, born June 2, 1849, and 
he took the initiative of the largest real Mary Hatfield (Justin) Dowling, born 
estate owners of Worcester, representing May 21, 1849, at Philadelphia, Pennsyl- 
-eighteen to twenty million dollars of as- vania, and granddaughter of John Dow- 

254 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

ling, a native of Pevensy, England, and New York and the State of Washington. 
Maria Sampson (Perkins) Dowling. Her From 1905 to 1909 he practiced law in 
parents were married at Philadelphia, New York City, making his home at 
June 28, 1870. She is a member of the Stamford, Connecticut, where he had a 
Daughters of the American Revolution, stock farm. Since then he has made his 
Friday Morning Club, Woman's Club and home in Seattle, Washington, and has fol- 
the Mother's Club. Children, born in lowed his profession. He is a partner in 
Worcester: i. Henry Dowling, born June the law firm of Beebe & Whitcomb. He 
22, 1897; graduate of Milton Academy, is president of the Arcade Building and 
1914, student in Amherst College, class Realty Company, vice-president of the 
of 1919; was leader of the Academy Glee Seattle Building Owners and Managers 
Club, member of the Mandolin Club and Association, and of the Title Trust Corn- 
was manager of the Hockey Team in pany, director of the National City Bank, 
1914; member of the College Orchestra, the Estabrook Investment Company, and 
and played on the Amherst Freshmen various other corporations. He is a mem- 
football team. 2. Douglas, born January ber of the National Association of Build- 
18, 1899; student in Milton Academy, ing Owners and Managers, and chairman 
class of 1917. 3. George Francis, born o f the Income Tax Committee. He is a 
August 24, 1900; student in Worcester member and one of the founders of the 
Academy, class of 1919. Each of the College Club and of the College Club 
three sons are members of Washington Outing Association of Seattle, member of 
Guard, Sons of the American Revolution, the Cosmos Club of Washington, the Psi 
(VIII) David Whitcomb, son of George Upsilon Club of New York, the College 
Henry Whitcomb, was born in Worces- Club, the Rainier Club, the Golf Club, the 
ter, January 22, 1879. After graduating Yacht Club, the Automobile Club, and 
from the English High School in his the Commercial Club of Seattle. He is 
native city, he attended the Worcester keenly interested in the subject of good 
Polytechnic Institute for one year, then roads and public improvements in Seat- 
entered Amherst College in advanced tie and vicinity, and is active in the Paci- 
standing and was graduated with the de- fie Highway Association and the Cham- 
gree of Bachelor of Arts (cum laude) in ber of Commerce. From time to time he 
1900. He was one of the commencement has delivered illustrated lectures on the 
speakers. While in college he was on Columbia Highway, the fauna and flora 
the editorial board of the "Amherst Stu- of Washington and kindred subjects. He 
dent." He is a member of the Psi Up- is president and treasurer of Woodway 
silon fraternity and of Phi Beta Kappa. Park Corporation, which is developing a 
From 1900 to 1902 he was with Silver, magnificent tract on Puget Sound. He is 
Burdett & Company of New York in the president of the Amherst Alumni Asso- 
editorial department. From 1902 to 1904 ciation of Puget Sound, and is treasurer 
he was a student in Harvard Law School, of the Psi Upsilon Club of Seattle. For 
and in 1904-05 in George Washington three years he has been a trustee of Pil- 
University, Washington, D. C., receiving grim Congregational Church, and he is 
the degree of Bachelor of Laws in 1905, also a trustee of the Washington Congre- 
and in the same year he received the de- gational Conference and overseer of 
gree of Master of Arts at Amherst. He Whitman College of Walla Walla. While 
is a member of the bar in Massachusetts, in New York he was a member of the 

255 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

Seventh Regiment. He is a member of cago, the Bankers Club of America, and 

the Young Men's Republican Club of the Laurentian Club of Canada. 

Seattle. Mr. Whitcomb married, April 21, 1909, 

Mr. Whitcomb married, September 13, Anna Gauntlett, who was born October 

1911, Mildred Osgood, who was born 20, 1880, daughter of John C. and Mary 

June 20, 1884, daughter of Benjamin F. Celestia (McGraw) Gauntlett, of Ithaca, 

and Arabella (Quimby) Osgood. Her New York, 
father is a retired manufacturing jeweler 

' J (The Cummmgs Line). 

of Boston. Mrs. Whitcomb is a member 

of the Sunset Club, the Daughters of the (I) Isaac Cummings, the immigrant 

American Revolution and various other ancestor, was born in England in 1601, 

clubs and social organizations, and is and died in 1677. In 1639 he owned land 

active in social and church work. in Ipswich, but settled in Topsfield. He 

(VIII) Ernest Miller Whitcomb, son held various town offices there. He mar- 

of George Henry Whitcomb, was born in ried and had children : Isaac, Elizabeth, 

Worcester, February 28, 1882. He is a John, Ann. 

graduate of the Worcester Classical High (II) John Cummings, son of Isaac 
School and of Amherst College, receiving Cummings, died December 3, 1700. He 
from the latter institution the degree of removed from Topsfield to Dunstable 
Bachelor of Arts, 1904, and Master of about 1680 and was selectman in 1682. 
Arts, 1907. He is a member of the Phi He married Sarah, daughter of Ensign 
Beta Kappa and Psi Upsilon fraternity. Thomas and Alice (French) Hewlett, of 
In 1904 he attended the University of Ipswich. His wife died December 7, 
Jena, Germany. The following six years 1700. Children: John, Thomas, Na- 
he was engaged in the commercial paper thaniel, Sarah, Abraham, Isaac, Ebenezer, 
and banking business in Boston, Chicago William, Eleazer, Benjamin, Samuel, 
and New York. He is treasurer of the (HI) John (2) Cummings, son of John 
Alumni Council of Amherst College. (i) Cummings, was born in Boxford, 
Since 1910 he has resided at Amherst, 1657. He lived at Dunstable. He mar- 
Massachusetts. He is vice-president of ried, September 13, 1680, Elizabeth, 
the First National Bank of Amherst, trus- daughter of Samuel and Hannah (Brack- 
tee of the Amherst Savings Bank, treas- ett) Kinsley. His wife was killed by 
urer of the Arcade Building and Realty Indians, July 3, 1706, and he was 
Company, and director of the Contoocook wounded at the same time, but escaped. 
Mills Corporation and the United States Children: John, Samuel, Ebenezer, Anna, 
Envelope Company. He has taken an Lydia, William. 

active part in public affairs, and is a mem- (IV) Deacon John (3) Cummings, son 

ber of the Republican town committee, of John (2) Cummings, was born July 

He has served in the militia in two states, 7, 1682, and died April 27, 1759. He was 

in the First Corps of Cadets, Massachu- first deacon of the church at Westford ; 

setts Volunteer Militia, and in Squadron moderator of the first town meeting and 

A, National Guard, New York. He at- selectman. In 1736 he was town clerk, 

tends the Episcopal church and is vestry- He married. October 3, 1705, Elizabeth, 

man of Grace Church, Amherst. He is a daughter of Pelatiah and Ruth Adams, 

member of the Union League Club of of Chelmsford, born April 26, 1680, died 

New York, the University Club of Chi- April 30, 1759. Children: Elizabeth, 

256 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

Mary, John, William, Thomas, Abigail, comb (see Whitcomb VI) ; John, June 

Ephraim, Bridget. 13, 1811 ; Jane, November 4, 1812; Asahel 

(V) Lieutenant John (4) Cummings, Ames, October 11, 1823 ; Benjamin Frank- 
son of Deacon John (3) Cummings, was lin, May 14, 1827. 

born June I, 1720. He settled in Groton 

, , . ,, ^ , , T .. ,,, (The Estabrook Line). 

and served in the French and Indian War 

and later in the Revolution. He removed (I) Rev. Joseph Estabrook, the immi- 
to Hancock, New Hampshire, and was grant ancestor, was born in Enfield, Eng- 
one of the founders of the church there, land. He graduated from, Harvard Col- 
He married, January 29, 1736, Sarah, lege in 1664; was colleague of Rev. Ed- 
daughter of Eleazer and Mary Lawrence, ward Bulkeley, minister of Concord, and 
of Littleton. Children: John, Eleazer, from 1696 to 1711 was minister at Con- 
Sarah, Peter, Mitty, Reuben, Sybil. He cord. He was admitted freeman, May 3, 
died September 20, 1789, and his wife 1665. His election sermon in 1705 was 
died October 3, 1799. published. The "Boston News Letter" 

(VI) Captain John (5) Cummings, son said of him : "Eminent for his skill in the 
of Lieutenant John (4) Cummings, was Hebrew language and a most orthodox, 
born at Groton, March 16, 1737. He learned and worthy divine, of excellent 
settled in Hollis, New Hampshire, where principles in religion, indefatigable labor- 
he lived until June, 1779, when he was ous in the ministry and of holy life and 
in Hancock. He was ensign of Captain conversation." His brother Thomas lived 
Dow's company, Colonel Prescott's regi- at Concord and Swansea. He married, 
ment, and was in the battle of Bunker May 20, 1668, Mary, daughter of Cap- 
Hill. He was afterward a captain. He tain Hugh and Esther Mason. She was 
married, August 6, 1761, Rebecca, daugh- born December 16, 1640. Children: Jo- 
ter of (Peter Reed, <of Littleton. He seph, born May 6, 1669; Benjamin, Feb- 
died October 5, 1805, and his widow died ruary 24, 1670-71;. Mary, October 28, 
October 28, 1807. Children: Peter, Re- 1672; Rev. Samuel, June 7, 1674; Daniel, 
becca, Sarah, John, Rebecca, Abigail, mentioned below ; Ann, December 30, 
Asahel, Henry, Benajah, Betty, Adams, 1677. 

Polly. (II) Daniel Estabrook, son of Rev. Jo- 

(VII) Asahel Cummings, son of Cap- seph Estabrook, was born February 10, 
tain John (5) Cummings, was born 1676, and died January 7, 1735. He lived 
in Hollis, January 13, 1777. He was a at Lexington and Weston and in Sud- 
carpenter, living in Hancock. He mar- bury, where he bought land in 1704. He 
ried (first) March 3, 1801, Polly, daugh- married Abigail Flint, born January II, 
ter of David and Margaret (Mitchell) 1675, died November, 1770, daughter of 
Ames, born February 12, 1783, died No- John and Mary (Oakes) Flint. Children: 
vember u, 1853. He married (second) Abigail, born September 25, 1702; Daniel, 
September 19, 1854, Dolly (Flint) Ware, mentioned below; Benjamin, May 7, 
born September 20, 1794, at Maiden, 1708; Samuel, August 18, 1710; Mary, 
Massachusetts. He died in Hancock, November 2, 1712; Anne, November 13, 
December 29, 1864; his wife, December 1714. 

11,1873. Children: Reed, born Novem- (HI) Cornet Daniel (2) Estabrook, 

ber 14, 1801 ; David, February 7, 1804; son of Daniel (i) Estabrook, was born at 

Mary, August 20, 1806; Margaret, No- Sudbury, June 14, 1705, and died at Rut- 

vember i, 1808, married David Whit- land, August 21, 1799. He lived in Rut- 
MASS Vor iv-i? 257 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

land from 1710 until he died. His wife 1808, died at Dayton, January 9, 1851. 

Hannah was born in 1713, died August 5, Children, born at Dayton: Hattie C., 

1775. Children, born at Rutland: Daniel, born March 25, 1839, married, March 10, 

born July 26, 1737; Thaddeus, May 22, 1864, David W. Chancellor ; Abbie Miller, 

1739; Hannah, June 22, 1741; Daniel, April 8, 1842, married, October n, 1865, 

mentioned below ; Abigail, February 19, George Henry Whitcomb (see Whit- 

1745 ; Thaddeus, March 24, 1747-48; Ben- comb VII); Emma Caroline, July 26, 

jamin, May 4, 1750; John, March 22, 1752; 1847, married, October 19, 1871, Will T. 

Anne, December 30, 1754; Elizabeth, Brown, of Worcester. 

1758. 

(IV) Daniel (3) Estabrook, son of Cor- 

' . . N V XX , . WHITCOMB, Alonzo Wilton, 
net Daniel (2) Estabrook, was born in 

1743, and died at Rutland, August 21, Prominent Business Man. 
1797. He was a sergeant in Captain Josiah Whitcomb, son of John Whit- 
David Bent's company, Colonel Xathan comb (q. v.), was born in Dorchester, 
Sparhawk's regiment on the Bennington Massachusetts, in 1638. He went to 
Alarm in 1777, marching from Rutland. Lancaster with his father and made his 
He married, April 16, 1766, Persis New- home in what is now Bolton. During 
ton, who died December 25, 1828, aged Queen Anne's War his house was a 
eighty-six years, daughter of Hezekiah garrison for refuge from Indian attacks, 
Newton, of Paxton. Children, born at and he was the commander. In 1705 he 
Rutland: Daniel, born November 15, was selectman of Lancaster, and in 1708 
1767; Jedediah, mentioned below ; Jonah, with twenty-nine others he signed the 
January 25, 1770; Samuel, August n, church covenant. In 1710 he was 
1772; Silas, June 26, 1774: Persis and deputy to the General Court. He died 
Sophia, September 26, 1776; Samuel, June April 12. 1718. and in his will dated March 

16, 1779. 20, 1718, left to his children land in 

(V) Jedediah Estabrook, son of Dan- Littleton. His gravestone may be seen 
iel (3) Estabrook. was born December in the old burying ground at Bolton. 

17, 1768, at Rutland, died February 15, He married, January 4, 1664, at Lancas- 
1845. He married (first) April 18, 1792, ter, Rebecca Waters, daughter of Lawr- 
Elizabeth Chaffin, born December 17, ence and Ann (Linton) Waters. She 
1770, died July 18, 1823. He married was born in February, 1640, died in 1726. 
(second) December 23. 1824, Nabby Children: Josiah, born November 12, 
Read, widow. Children by first wife, born 1665, died same day; Josiah, January 7, 
at Rutland: Artemas, born December 14, 1667; David, mentioned below; Rebecca, 
1792; Dr. George, August 26. 1795; November 12, 1671; Joanna, March 8, 
Charles, June 20, 1796 : Warren, April 18, 1674; Hezekiah. September 14, 1681 ; 
1798; Francis Chaffin. mentioned below; Deborah, December 26, 1683; Damaris, 
Joel, July 8, 1805; Elizabeth M., Septem- Mary, Abigail, March 13, 1687-88; 
ber 15, 1807; Persis Louisa, May 4, 1810. Eunice. 

(VI) Francis Chaffin Estabrook, son (HI) David Whitcomb, son of Josiah 
of Jedediah Estabrook, was born at Rut- Whitcomb, was born February 20, 1668. 
land, February 25, 1800, died at Dayton, He married. May 31, 1700, in Concord, 
Ohio, July 12, 1871. He married, at Mary (Hayward) Fairbanks, widow of 
Northboro, October n, 1837, Caroline Jonathan Fairbanks, who was killed by 
Miller, born at Mendon, February 20, Indians at Lancaster, September 4, 1697. 

258 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

She was taken captive at the time her (V) Jonathan Priest Whitcomb, son 

first husband was killed and carried to of Joseph Whitcomb, was born January 

Canada, returning on the province gal- 14, 1740, at Leominster. He married, 

ley from Casco Bay, January 17, 1699. September 5, 1764, Dorothy Carter, born 

While with the Indians she acquired a March 9, 1746, died October 22, 1827. 

knowledge of medicinal herbs and after- They settled at Swanzey where he kept 

ward dispensed medicines and. was called the first tavern and the first general 

"doctress." David's home was in the store. He served in the Revolution for 

southeastern part of Bolton and he kept eight months and a half at the siege of 

a tavern. He died intestate, April n, Boston in 1775. He was captain of the 

1730, and his wife, Mary, January 5, largest company in Colonel James Reid's 

1734, aged seventy-six years. Children: regiment at Lexington, April 19, 1775, 

David, Jonathan, Joseph, Rebecca, bap- and at Bunker Hill, June 17. His com- 

tized 1708; Benjamin, 1710; Simon, pany encamped on Winter Hill. In 1775 



baptized March 7, 1713-14. 



he was commissioned colonel. Colonel 



(IV) Joseph Whitcomb, son of David and Mrs. Whitcomb used to make horse- 

Whitcomb, was born at Lancaster. He back trips to Boston and on one occasion 

married, January 20, 1725, Damaris brought home some lilacs, the first they 

Priest, daughter of John and Anna ever saw, and planted them on the 

(Houghton) Priest. About 1760 they re- homestead in Swanzey. He died June 

moved to West Swanzey, New Hamp- 13, 1792, and the survivors of his regi- 

shire, where he built a saw mill and grist ment attended the funeral. Children: 

mill on the water privilege where the Dorothy, born May 23, 1765; Jonathan, 

Stratton mills are now located. He be- September 20, 1766; John, March 22, 

came the owner of large tracts of land. 1768; Nathan, mentioned below; John, 

He was a soldier in the French and March 9, 1772; Ephraim, June 4 or 9, 

Indian War, being lieutenant of Com- 17/4; Damaris, April 29, 1777; Anna, 

pany Four, under Captain John Warner April 9, 1779; Ephraim, February 26, 

and Colonel Samuel Willard in the 1782; Salome, March 3, 1784, died 

Louisburg expedition; also lieutenant in young; Salome, April 25, 1786. 

the Crown Point expedition in 1755 and (VI) Nathan Whitcomb, son of Jona- 

captain in Colonel Timothy Ruggles' than Priest Whitcomb, was born May 

regiment in 1758. His five sons were 14, 1770, in Swanzey where his life was 

prominent in the Revolution, one being spent. He married, October 23, 1791, 

a general, two colonels and another lieu- Penelope White, born 1771, died March 

tenant. He died in November, 1792, at 15, 1850. Children: Leonard, born 

Swanzey. Children: Abigail, born April January 26, 1793; Carter, mentioned be- 

13, 1726; Elizabeth, December 3, 1728; low; Otis, September, 1796, who, with 

Joseph, March 15, 1731-32, lieutenant at Joshua Halbrook, formed the inspiration 

Ticonderoga ; Benjamin, September I, for the original "Joshua \Vhitcomb" in 

1735, died young; Damaris, January 7, Denman Thompson's famous play; Na- 

1737, died young; Benjamin, September than, died in Fitchburg; Alva, born 1800; 

29, 1738; Jonathan Priest, mentioned be- Lyman, April 22, 1804; Eliza; son, died 

low; Elisha, October 18, 1742, major; March 9, 1812, aged two years; two 

Elizabeth, twin of Elisha; Damaris, May children died in infancy. 

21, 1746; Philemon, October 29, 1748, (VII) Carter Whitcomb, son of Na- 

general ; Abijah, June 25 or 27, 1751. than Whitcomb, was born at Swanzey, 

259 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

February 9, 1794. He married, Decem- tion to the original business the firm 
ber 26, 1815, Lucy Baker, born February engaged in the manufacture of metal- 
4, 1794, died October 3, 1890, daughter working machine tools . In 1870 Carter 
of Jonidab Baker, of Marlborough, New Whitcomb retired from the firm and the 
Hampshire. He was a merchant and name became the Whitcomb Manufac- 
manufacturer of woolen goods from turing Company. In 1872 the business 
1815 to 1837 at Saxton's River, Vermont, was moved to the Estabrook shop at the 
in partnership with Clement Godfrey. Junction and in 1877 to the Rice & Grif- 
He took an active part in town affairs fin shop on Gold street. Here he suffered 
and was colonel of a Vermont regiment, another disastrous fire, having a loss of 
In 1837 he returned to Swanzey and $45,000 and but $5,000 insurance, but he 
spent the remainder of his days there on continued the business without inter- 
his farm. Children, except the youngest, ruption. In 1892 he built the shop at 
born at Saxton's River: Alonzo, men- the corner of Sargent and Gold streets, 
tioned below; Carter, born May 27, 1820, From 1866 to 1881 he was a partner in 
a partner of his brother Alonzo until the firm of Rice & Whitcomb with Au- 
1871 ; died in Worcester, December I, gustus Rice in the business established 
1880; Jonidab Baker, October 2, 1823, by Timothy F. Taft, manufacturing 
died January 22, 1890; Byron, April 17, metal shears and presses. Upon the 
1826; Clement Godfrey, December 12, retirement of Mr. Rice, Mr. Whitcomb 
1828, died April i, 1893; Lucy Jane, May united the two concerns and became sole 
9, 1834, married George Carpenter; owner of both. He was also a partner 
Henry Homer, May 13, 1837, died Sep- in the Kabley Foundry in partnership 
tember 12, 1899. with Frederick E. Reed and Arnold Kab- 
(VIII) Alonzo Whitcomb, son of ley. When that business was incorpo- 
Carter Whitcomb, was born at Saxton's rated he became its treasurer. The 
River, Vermont, April 30, 1818. He was foundry was at No. 50 Gold street. He 
clerk in his father's store until 1837 and continued in active business to the end 
afterward salesman for David Buffum at of his life and was at his office daily 
Walpole, New Hampshire. He came to until within a few months of his death. 
Worcester in 1845 an d found employ- He died March 28, 1900, at the age of 
ment in the machine shop of S. C. eighty-two years. He owned the old 
Coombs & Company. In 1849, m part- Governor John Davis house on Lincoln 
nership with his brother Carter, he pur- street, now occupied by his son Alonzo. 
chased the copying-press business of Dickens, Thackeray and many other 
George C. Taft, then located in the Howe famous men have been guests in this 
& Goddard shop, Union street. In a house, which is one of the most interest- 
few years the business of C. Whitcomb ing historically in the city. 
& Company outgrew these quarters and He married, December 14, 1857, Sybell 
was moved to the Merrifield building at (Heald) Clary, who was born at Troy, 
the corner of Exchange and Union Maine, October 17, 1820, and died Janu- 
streets, where it remained until the ary 16, 1906, at Worcester. (See Heald). 
building was destroyed by fire in 1854. Children of Alonzo and Sybell Whit- 
The firm had temporary quarters in the comb: I. Lucy Stella, born February 3, 
Junction shop, returning finally to the 1859; married, April 12, 1898, John 
new Merrifield building at the corner of Franklin Browning, of Salem, Massa- 
Exchange and Cypress streets. In addi- chusetts ; children Whitcomb Brown- 

260 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

ing, born May 13, 1899; J onn Franklin business again under the name of the 
Browning-, Jr., September 12, 1900; Worcester Lathe Company in the W. H. 
Elizabeth Browning, October 21, 1902. Robinson building at No. 68 Prescott 
2. Camilla Gertrude, born July 24, 1860; street, beginning the manufacture of 
resides in the house built by her father lathes, November 15, 1915. 
in 1860 and occupied by his family since Mr. Whitcomb is a member of Quin- 
that time, No. 35 Oxford street, Worces- sigamond Lodge of Free Masons, and of 
ter; she is a communicant of All Saints the Commonwealth and Country clubs. 
Protestant Episcopal Church and is He has been a trustee of the Worcester 
active in social and charitable work, an County Mechanics Association and mem- 
earnest supporter of the equal suffrage ber of the executive council of the Wor- 
movement. 3. Alonzo Wilton, men- cester Metal Trades Association. He 
tioned below. was formerly a member of the Worcester 
(IX) Alonzo Wilton Whitcomb, son of Board of Trade and its successor, the 
Alonzo Whitcomb, was born in Worces- Chamber of Commerce, 
ter, April u, 1862. He graduated from He married, April 4, 1894, Gertrude 
the Worcester High School in 1880 and Coffey, born in Worcester, April n, 1871. 
from Amherst College in 1884. He be- Children, born in Worcester: Dorothy, 
came associated in business with his born January 2, 1895; Preston, May 30, 
father and for many years was in part- ^97; Wilton Alonzo, April 4, 1900. 
nership and shared in the management 

of the business. When his father died (The Heald LIne) " 

the business was incorporated with his (I) John Heald, the immigrant ances- 

mother, Sybell H. Whitcomb, president, tor, came from Berwick in County Nor- 

and her brother, Samuel H. Clary, clerk, thumberland, England, and settled in 

Mr. Whitcomb being treasurer and man- 1635 in Concord, Massachusetts, being 

ager. The stock of Mr. Reed and Mr. one of the first twelve settlers. He died 

Kabley was purchased and the same offi- there May 24, 1662. He married in Eng- 

cers chosen for the Kabley corporation, land Dorothy . Children : John ; 

In 1905 a further consolidation took Dorcas, born March 22, 1645 5 Gershom, 

place, the Whitcomb companies and the January 23, 1647; Dorothy, September 

P. Blaisdell Machine Company uniting in 16, 1649; Dorcas, March 10, 1650; Israel, 

a new corporation known as the Whit- July 30, 1660. 

comb-Blaisdell Machine Tool Company (II) John (2) Heald, son of John (i) 
with a capitalization of $200,000, of which Heald, married Sarah Dane, daughter of 
Mr. \Vhitcomb was president ; Charles Thomas Dane, one of the first settlers of 
E. Hildreth, vice-president and treasurer ; Concord, June 10, 1661. He died June 
William A. Blaisdell, Samuel H. Clary 17, 1689. She died July 22, 1689. Chil- 
and Camilla G. Whitcomb, directors, dren : Elizabeth, born April 15, 1664; 
This company made a specialty of metal John, mentioned below ; Gershom, March 
planers, engine lathes and upright drills. i, 1668; Sarah, December 18, 1670; Han- 
Its business extended constantly and was nah, October 10, 1679. 
highly profitable. For further history of (HI) John (3) Heald, son of John (2) 
the company see sketch of Charles E. Heald, was born September 19, 1666, died 
Hildreth in this work. Mr. Whitcomb November 25, 1721 ; married, Decemoer 
sold his interests in the company in Octo- 18, 1690, Mary Chandler. Children : 
ber, 1915, and immediately started in John, born August 18, 1693; Timothy, 

261 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

mentioned below; Josiah, February 28, and collector of Norridgewock in 1788; 

1698-99; Elizabeth, December 12, 1701; selectman and assessor in 1789-90; in the 

Samuel, May 4, 1705; Amos, May 23, service of the government a few months 

1708; Ephraim, February 19, 1710; Dor- in 1777. Children of John Heald: I. 

cas, August 22, 1713; Eunice, 1715. John, born 1777, died in Ohio. 2. Jonas, 

(IV) Timothy Heald, son of John (3) of Plymouth, Maine, married Hannah 
Heald, was born June 7, 1696, died March McKenney. 3. Rebecca, born 1780, mar- 
28, 1736. He was one of the original ried Timothy McKenney, moved to 
proprietors of Townsend, Massachusetts. Mercer, New York. 4. Nathan, born 
He married Hannah . Children: 1783, married Anna Martin, lived at Pal- 
Timothy, mentioned below; Simon, born myra, Maine. 5. William, born 1786, 
March 7, 1725; Stephen, April i, 1727; soldier in War of 1812, settled near Van- 
Thomas, July 18, 1729; Josiah, Ebenezer, dalia, Illinois. 6. Samuel, mentioned be- 
Hannah. low. 7. Arba, settled in Indiana. 

(V) Timothy (2) Heald, son of Tim- (VII) Samuel Heald, son of John (4) 
othy (i) Heald, was born October 14, Heald, was born March 16, 1790. About 
1723, in Concord. He settled in New 1808 he located at Sebasticook, now Pitts- 
Ipswich, New Hampshire, where he was field, Maine. He was commissioned cap- 
clerk of the proprietors. About 1770 he tain in the Maine militia, June 14, 1821. 
settled in Winslow, -Maine, where he was He was commissioned postmaster of Joy, 
moderator of the first town meeting, May Maine, April 30, 1822, and held that office 
23, 1771, and on the first board of select- until 1846. He was justice of the peace 
men. He was on the committee of safety from about 1822 to the end of his life; 
during the Revolution. He built the first also commissioner to qualify public offi- 
mills at Norridgewock, Maine. He mar- cers ; member of the House of Repre- 
ried, in 1748, Elizabeth Stevens. Chil- sentatives of Maine in 1855. He held 
dren: Timothy, born 1749; John, men- various other positions of trust and honor, 
tioned below; Sybel, 1755; Jonas, 1757; was an excellent citizen and a highly 
Josiah, 1759; Thomas, Ebenezer, Betsey, respected and worthy man. He died at 

(VI) John (4) Heald, son of Timothy Troy, May 17, 1864. In 1816 he and his 
(2) Heald, was born in New Ipswich, in family located in Joy, now Troy, Maine. 
1751, and moved with his father to Win- He married Mary Carll, of Water- 
slow. About 1778 he settled in Norridge- borough, Maine, daughter of John and 
wock, Maine. He married Rebecca Willis Mary (Morrill) Carll. Her father was 
Heywood, of Winslow, daughter of born in 1759, died September, 1833; her 
Zimri, granddaughter of Nathan and mother born in 1759, died December 14, 
Esther (Willis) Heywood and a direct 1841. Children of Samuel Heald: i. 
descendant of John Heywood or Hay- Sarah J., born July 15, 1812; married, 
ward, a pioneer in Concord. Zimri Hey- March, 1833, Increase Sumner Johnson ; 
wood married, June 5, 1756, Jane Foster, she died at Los Angeles, California, June 
daughter of Deacon Moses Foster, of 27, 1892. 2. Peter, born in July, 1815, 
Ashburnham, Massachusetts. Zimri died at Troy, March 9, 1896; married 
Heywood moved from Ashburnham to (first) Celinda Haskell ; married (second) 
Winslow about 1771 ; was representative Lydia Pinkham, of Harpswell, Maine. 3. 
to the General Court from Winslow; a Sybell, mentioned below. 4. Mary, born 
prominent citizen both in Ashburnham 1825 ; married Charles A. Vickery, of 
and Winslow. John Heald was constable Portland, Maine ; children Minnie E. 

262 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Vickery ; Lucia F. Vickery, M. D., 
Jamaica Plain, Boston; Charles H. Vick- 
ery, Fitchburg, married Minnie Wallace 
and has one child, Helen Vickery; Au- 
gusta Vickery, died young. 

(VIII) Sybell Heald, daughter of 
Samuel Heald, was born October 17, 1820. 
She married (first) February 2, 1842, 
John Clary, of Jackson, Maine, son of 
Daniel and Persis (Morse) Clary. He 
died in California, October 5, 1852, and 
she married (second) December 14, 1857, 
Alonzo Whitcomb. Children by first mar- 
riage : i. Abby Annette Clary, born at 
Troy, January 10, 1843, died April 3, 
1848. 2. John Everard Clary, born at 
Troy, November 16, 1845, died March 27, 
1848. 3. Agnes Sybell Clary, born De- 
cember 6, 1846, died May 5, 1903, at 
Worcester. 4. Mary Ella Clary, born 
March 15, 1848, died April 4, 1875; mar- 
ried Edmund W. Bagley and had one 
son, John Luther Bagley, born Septem- 
ber 12, 1874. 5. Albert E. Clary, born 
March 15, 1848, died May 14, 1910; lawyer 
in Boston ; judge of the East Boston 
District Court from February, 1886, until 
he died; married, April 14, 1881, Rosalia 
L. Dunn, daughter of Alanson and Han- 
nah (Townsend) Dunn, of Saco, Maine. 
6. Samuel Heald Clary, born June 9, 
1851, at Lincoln, Maine; treasurer of the 
Worcester Trust Company ; married 
Ellen Olive Thayer ; children Ernest 
Thayer Clary, born March I, 1887, gradu- 
ate of Harvard, now with the Whitcomb- 
Blaisdell Company ; Eleanor Clary, Au- 
gust 2, 1892, graduate of Vassar, 1914 
(Bachelor of Arts), a graduate student at 
Radcliffe College. 



LANGLOIS, Joseph A., 

Prominent Physician. 

Dr. Joseph Augustin Langlois, of Pitts- 
field, was born March 23, 1842, in La 
Bruere, Lotbinierc, near Ouebec, Canada, 



a grandson of Joseph Langlois, who 
came from France to Canada and settled 
on a farm there. Augustin Langlois, son 
of Joseph Langlois, was born there, and 
passed his active life in farming, is still 
living at the age of ninety-one years. His 
wife, Catherine (Labray) Langlois, died 
in 1887. Of their thirteen children, only 
three are now living, namely : Joseph A., 
Antonio and Charles. The last named is 
a priest in charge of a parish at Sturgeon 
Falls, Ontario, Canada. 

Dr. Joseph A. Langlois spent his early 
years on the paternal farm, participating 
in its labors and building up a fine phy- 
sique, at the same time pursuing knowl- 
edge, for which he had a keen desire. 
After a classical course at the Quebec 
College he entered the Laval University, 
where he graduated with the degree of 
Doctor of Medicine, March 11, 1879, an( l 
at once began the practice of his profes- 
sion at Magog (Stanstead), Canada, 
where he met with success and developed 
his abilities. In 1887 he settled at Pitts- 
field, Massachusetts, where he has since 
grown into a very large practice. He 
was the second of his nationality to 
locate here in professional work, and 
the first physician now in practice here. 
From the first he enjoyed a large 
practice among his compatriots, and in 
time came to be recognized as a prac- 
titioner of skill and high character. For 
many years he has occupied a leading 
position in his chosen profession, and is 
honored and esteemed by all classes of 
people in Berkshire county. His eldest 
son has tried to follow in his footsteps, 
and both are respected and appreciated 
as among the leading citizens and practi- 
tioners. Dr. Langlois is a friend and 
supporter of every movement calculated 
to benefit the community and takes a 
keen interest in the progress of his 
adopted country. Politically, he acts 
with the Democratic party. For three 



263 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

years he served the city as a member of conferred on their ancestral representa- 

the Board of Health. He is a member tive the distinction which has entitled his 

of the American Saint Jean Batiste Soci- descendants to be enrolled among the 

ety, and of several clubs, and has reared landed gentry of Great Britain. Their 

a fine family of children, an honor to the career, at once modest and honorable, has 

city. He married, May 25, 1885, in shown that it was guerdon not ill be- 

Magog, Mary Derex, born February 3, stowed. Those of the name and race who 

1863, in Bolton, Quebec, died November live in this country have abundant reason 

19, 1912, in Pittsfield, Massachusetts. to boast of their kindred and ancestry 

Her father was a tailor in Boston at the beyond the Atlantic. Nor here in Amer- 

outbreak of the Civil War in the United ica, under Republican institutions, has 

States, and enlisted in the Union army, there been any essential change of char- 

serving until his death on the field. Mrs. acter. There is no doubt that the inciting 

Langlois lived in Bolton till twenty years cause was religion which led Martha 

of age, was later for some time in Leba- Wilder and her children to emigrate to 

non, New Hampshire, and Woonsocket, the colony of Massachusetts Bay. They 

Rhode Island, whence she came to Pitts- firmly and inflexibly maintained that iron- 

field. She was greatly interested in side orthodoxy peculiar to the seven- 

church and charity work, was first vice- teenth century, and their descendants 

president of the Pittsfield Day Nursery, have a full measure of their peculiar 

treasurer of the Helping Hand Society characteristics. The great body of them 

of Notre Dame Church, and secretary have been influential members of society, 

and treasurer of the Woman's Auxiliary not often aspiring to lead, but not willing 

of St. Jean Batiste Society. She was a to follow a leader blindly. They have 

good mother, a true friend and noble displayed from the first all the nobler 

character in every way, widely known characteristics of their ancestors, punctu- 

and respected, through her good works, ality in the fulfilling of engagements, 

Of her seven children, six are living, strict veneration for truth, patient in- 

namely: Anna; Charles, a physician of dustry, inflexible tenacity, and other kin- 

Pittsfield; Theresa, Napoleon, Ruth and dred qualities. 

Alice, all graduates of high school and (I) The first Wilder known in history 

residing with their father. Both the sons is Nicholas Wilder, a military chieftain 

graduated at a convent school in Que- in the army of the Earl of Richmond, at 

bee, and the elder graduated also at the battle of Bosworth, in 1485. The 

Sherbrooke College and in 1911 at Belle- name is German and would indicate that 

vue Medical College, New York City. Nicholas was one of those who came 

He is now in active practice in association with the Earl of France, and landed at 

with his father in Pittsfield. Milford Haven, April 15, 1497. Henry 

__ VII. gave Nicholas Wilder, as a token 

of favor, a landed estate and a coat-of- 

WILDER, Solon, by 



ActiTe in Community Air. he j rs p rom the &Qn of Nicholas Wilder 

The Wilders constitute a lineage well until 1777 they were born at Shiplake, 

endowed with the qualities and faculties which seems to have been the family 

that are always essential to moral and in- residence. Of Nicholas Wilder we do not 

tellectual achievement. It is not quite know the time of his birth or death. He 

four centuries since a king of England had one son. 

264 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(II) John Wilder, son of Nicholas 
Wilder, was in possession of the ancestral 
estate by entail in 1525. His wife's name 
was Agnes, and they had a son, John 
Wilder, Esq., and a daughter, Agnes, who 
died in 1580. 

(III) John (2) Wilder, son of John (i) 
and Agnes Wilder, married Alice Keats, 
daughter and heiress of Thomas Keats, 
Esq., of Sulham House, by whom he had 
four sons : John, Nicholas, William, and 
Thomas. Thus far we have no dates of 
births and deaths. In 1582 John gave by 
deed of entail the Sulham House, of 
which his wife was heir, to William, their 
third son, probably as a part of an 
arrangement by which Thomas, the 
fourth son, was to become the proprietor 
of the entailed estate. By the will of 
John, made October, 1588, and proved by 
his widow Alice, and executors, the fol- 
lowing November, John and Thomas 
were both provided for, and a deed of 
conveyance was also made to Thomas. 
We do not know by what power the third 
son came to be made heir instead of the 
eldest, yet it was done in this case, and 
the family residence, Shiplake, which was 
not a part of the entailed estate, was prob- 
ably conveyed by deed to Thomas, and 
thus made to continue as the family 
residence. 

(IV) Thomas Wilder, son of John (2) 
and Alice (Keats) Wilder, was born and 
died at Shiplake, on the property which 
came from his father. Berry, in his "Pedi- 
grees," says that Thomas succeeded John 
at his father's death, and that his heir 
apparent was his son John of Nunhide, 
who was living in 1681, and probably 
died in 1688. Martha Wilder left Ship- 
lake in May, 1638, for the colonies. One 
strong presumption is that Martha was 
the widow of Thomas, who died in 1634, 
and that Thomas, of Charlestown, was 
the son of Martha and the brother of 
Edward ; it follows that they had an older 

265 



brother, John, who was the heir of 
Thomas, and that all the five who had 
emigrated were his children ; and until 
this is shown by proper evidence to be 
correct, we shall assume that they were 
all of one family. Thus the children of 
Thomas and Martha Wilder seem to be : 
John, heir to father's estate, died in 1688; 
Thomas, mentioned below ; Elizabeth, 
born 1621; Edward, settled in Hingham; 
Mary. 

(V) Thomas (2) Wilder, son of 
Thomas (i) and Martha Wilder, was 
born in Shiplake, England, in 1618, and 
settled in Charlestown, Massachusetts, 
where he was a proprietor as early as 
1638. He was admitted a freeman, June 
2, 1641, and bought land in Charlestown, 
October 27, 1643. In 1660 and 1667 he 
was selectman, and he also held other 
offices. In 1659 he moved to Lancaster, 
Massachusetts. His wife Ann, whom he 
married in 1641, died June 10, 1692. She 
was admitted to the church May 7, 1650. 
He died October 23, 1667. He may have 
been born later than the date given, as he 
deposed June 17, 1654, that he was thirty- 
three years old. His will was dated Janu- 
ary 22, 1667-68, and proved March 4, 
1668. Children: Mary, born in Charles- 
town, June 30, 1642; Thomas, September 
14, 1644; John, 1646; Elizabeth, 1648; 
Nathaniel, mentioned below; Ebenezer. 

(VI) Lieutenant Nathaniel Wilder, 
third son of Thomas (2) and Ann Wilder, 
was born November 3, 1650, in Charles- 
town, Massachusetts, and settled in Lan- 
caster, same colony, where he was lieu- 
tenant of the military company, and was 
killed by the Indians in July, 1704. He 
married Mary Sawyer, of Lancaster, born 
July 4, 1652, daughter of Thomas (2) and 
Mary (Prescott) Sawyer. Thomas (2) 
Sawyer was a son of Thomas (i) Sawyer, 
born about 1616, in England, settled first 
at Rowley, Massachusetts, and in 1647 

at Lancaster, where he was one of the 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

first four permanent settlers. Children: cember 24, 1717; Oliver, May 17, 1720; 
Nathaniel, born 1675; Ephraim, August Tilley, June 23, 1722; Keziah, February 
16, 1678; Mary, May 12, 1679; Eliza- 27, 1725; Tamar, May 23, 1727; Phine- 
beth, February 14, 1681 ; Jonathan, April has, April 24, 1730, married, 1780, Lois 
20, 1685; Dorothy, 1686; Oliver, men- Boies; Lois, April 20, 1733; Moses, men- 
tioned below. tioned below ; Abigail, December 16, 

(VII) Oliver Wilder, youngest child of 1740. 

Lieutenant Nathaniel and Mary (Saw- (VIII) Moses Wilder, fourth son of 
yer) Wilder, was born in 1694, in Lan- Oliver and Mary (Fairbanks) Wilder, 
caster, and when sixteen years old was was born May 24, 1736, in Lancaster, and 
attached by the Indians while working lived in what is now Sterling, Massachu- 
with his brother, Nathaniel, on their setts. He married, November 17, 1757, 
father's farm. Three years previous to in Lancaster, Submit Frost. Children: 
this their brother, Jonathan, had been Tryphena, born October 17, 1759; Luther, 
brutally tortured to death by the Indians, July 24, 1763; John, mentioned below; 
and their brother Ephraim severely in- Rebecca, April 10, 1767; Sarah, May 8, 
jured. Oliver and Nathaniel managed to 1770; Moses, October 28, 1772; Submit, 
escape to the garrison, but the Indian February 25, 1775; Aaron, September 14, 
servant who was working with them was 1776; Abel, October 28, 1778; Patty, 
killed. Oliver Wilder was an ensign in April 20, 1780; Elias, December 14, 1782; 
the service, August 23, 1725, at which Belinda, January 4, 1784; and Jonas, No- 
time he was living at Turkey Hills. At vember 9, 1786. 

the age of sixty-three he turned out with (IX) John Wilder, second son of 

his regiment at the Fort William alarm Moses and Submit (Frost) Wilder, was 

in 1757, and marched as far as Spring- born June 10, 1765, in Sterling, and died 

field, Massachusetts. He was in the July i, 1852. He married (intentions 

Crown Point Expedition in 1759, and rose entered March 8, 1796) Sally Whipple, 

through all the various military grades to who was born May 28, 1769, and died 

the rank of colonel. In 1726 he refused to November 28, 1815. Their children were : 

accept the office of constable, and de- John Warren, mentioned below; Joseph 

clined to pay the fine of five pounds which Wales, born April 20, 1798; Sally 

the law imposed as a penalty for refusing Whipple, May 30, 1800; Abigail, March 

to take public service. He often served 16, 1802; Ben Going, January 3, 1804; 

the town as moderator and selectman. Enos, December 29, 1805 ; Josephus, 

His home was at South Lancaster, where September 13, 1807; Lucy, July 21, 1809; 

he owned a mall privilege, and the house Charles Lewis, February 20, 1812; Eliza 

was recently still standing. He died A. W., October 14, 1814; and Rebecca, 

March 16, 1765, and suitable stones mark October 31, 1815. 

the graves of himself and wife. He mar- (X) John Warren Wilder, eldest child 

ried, in 1713, Mary Fairbanks, born 1692, of John and Sally (W r hipple) Wilder, was 

died June 15, 1745, daughter of Jonathan born January 3, 1797, and died in April, 

Fairbanks, who was a soldier under Sir 1869, in Belfast, Maine. He married 

William Phipps in the Canadian expedi- Betsey Wellington, and their children 

tion, and was a grandson of the immi- were : John Emery, Joseph Warren, 

grant, Jonathan Fairbanks, of Dedham. William Otis, Sarah, Jonas Brooks, and 

Children: Hannah, born January 15, Benjamin. 

1716, died November 23, 1723; Mary, De- (XI) Jonas Brooks Wilder, fourth son 

266 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of John Warren and Betsey (Wellington) 
Wilder, was born July 4, 1827, in Belfast, 
Maine, and died in Gardner, Massachu- 
setts, February 7, 1907, in his eightieth 
year. He was a mechanic and inventor, 
and designed the first side-hill plow. He 
married at Belfast, Maine, October 9, 
1849, Louisa Davidson, who was born 
April 7, 1825, in Waldo, Maine, and died 
at Gardner, Massachusetts, January 30, 
1913. To this union were born children 
as follows : Charles Wellington and 
Sarah Dinsmore (twins), born November 
14, 1851, the former dying October 2, 
1852, and the latter July 17, 1900; Harlan 
Page, born October 5, 1852, died May 19, 
1905 ; and William Henry, mentioned 
below. 

(XII) William Henry Wilder, young- 
est son of Jonas Brooks and Louisa 
(Davidson) Wilder, was born May 14, 
1855, at Belfast, Maine, where he lived 
until eleven years of age, when his 
parents removed to Massachusetts. Dur- 
ing the next three years he worked on a 
farm, attending school in the winter, and 
in the succeeding year worked for a 
farmer, who owned a card mill, in which 
the boy spent much of his time. Subse- 
quently he was employed by a man who 
prepared stock for the chair factories of 
Gardner, Massachusetts. For several 
years he was employed in the painting 
trade in summer, finding employment in 
the chair factories of Gardner in the 
winter seasons, during which time he 
attended school when the opportunity 
presented itself. After the age of sixteen 
years he had no further opportunities of 
schooling. When seventeen years of age 
he went into business for himself, and 
was thereafter throughout his life an 
employer of labor. He built up a large 
business in house painting, graining, 
paper hanging, fresco painting and other 
decoration, which he closed out in 1884, 
for the purpose of forming an association 

267 



with the late A. M. Greenwood and 
Calvin H. Hill, through whose efforts the 
oil stove manufacture was brought to 
Gardner. Possessing a natural mechan- 
ical ability, Mr. Wilder began at the 
bottom and learned the business thor- 
oughly, which soon enabled him to con- 
struct the patterns and the various parts 
of the stoves. From the beginning, in 
1884, to 1909, as a result of his ingenuity 
and inventive skill, not a year passed in 
which he did not receive at least one 
patent, and over fifty of his inventions 
altogether were covered by patents issued 
to him. In the early days of the business 
his partners were connected with Hey- 
wood Brothers, manufacturers of chairs, 
and the management of the stove business 
was left in the sole charge of Mr. Wilder, 
who was his own bookkeeper, salesman 
and general manager. He was a promi- 
nent factor in the consolidation of various 
interests in the Central Oilgas Stove 
Company, and became the treasurer of 
the company, with headquarters at Flor- 
ence, Massachusetts. Other factories 
were maintained at Greenwich, Connecti- 
cut, and at Jackson, Michigan, with ware- 
houses in Boston, New York and Chicago. 
The business of this concern grew rapid- 
ly, aggregating about one million dollars 
per year, and was carried on successfully 
by Mr. Wilder through the panic of 1892- 
94. In 1895, through no fault of his own, 
he found himself involved in business 
disaster and with obligations of over a 
quarter of a million dollars hanging over 
his head. He assumed these obligations, 
however, preferring to try to liquidate 
them rather than to take advantage of 
the courts of bankruptcy. Before his 
death the entire amount was either paid 
or abundantly made good. In 1896, Mr. 
Wilder reorganized the Gardner, Massa- 
chusetts, plant, which is now conducted 
under the name of the Central Oil & Gas 
Stove Company, and in the following 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

year he bought out the famous free level higher wage than that provided by the 

oil stove patents, which revolutionized union scale. 

the manufacture of kerosene oil burning Another most interesting event in the 
stoves. On April 19, 1899, the Gardner life of Mr. Wilder was his pursuit of the 
plant was badly damaged by fire, the study of law after he had attained the 
power plant and foundry, however, being age of forty-five years, he being admitted 
but partially damaged. Before the fire to the bar in the District of Columbia, 
was extinguished the directors met and Upon attaining his majority he became 
voted to rebuild, and within a week there actively interested in political affairs and 
had been constructed a temporary build- thus continued throughout life. A stal- 
ing one hundred and forty feet long, in wart Republican in political faith, he 
which workmen were again engaged in soon became a prominent factor in the 
the construction of stoves. The great councils of that party, to the various 
coal strike three years later created a conventions of which he was frequently 
boom for the product of this plant, and a delegate. Mr. Wilder represented the 
though selfish interests would have led Fourth Massachusetts District in the 
him to ignore the coal strike, Mr. Wilder Sixty-second Congress, and after the re- 
interested himself in procuring coal for districting the present Third District in 
the people of Gardner, who were occa- the Sixty-third Congress, from April 14, 
sioned much suffering by the scarcity of 1911, until his death, which occurred in 
that fuel. He went to New York City, Washington, D. C., on September n, 
Jersey City and other points, visiting the 1913. He was a member of the commit- 
heads of the coal carrying railroads, but tees on patents and railways and canals 
without success. At Utica, New York, in the Sixty-second Congress, and in the 
however, he managed to secure thirty- Sixty-third Congress served as a member 
two carloads of coal, which was delivered of the committees on patents, revision of 
in Gardner in thirty-one days, and the laws and census. He was an extensive 
coal famine in that city was broken, and observing traveler, having made five 
After paying all expenses of this enter- trips to the Pacific Coast, and in the 
prise there was a balance of five hundred spring of 1909 spent a month in Panama, 
dollars, which was distributed through where he investigated generally the plans 
the pastors of the various churches for and operations of the great canal con- 
use among the needy. This incident is structed by the United States. He made 
but one of many that might be cited four trips to Europe, making a study of 
showing the public-spirited and benevo- monetary affairs, a subject in which he 
lent character of Mr. Wilder. The had been much interested for many years, 
Central Oil & Gas Stove Company, which and in an address before the committee on 
began with nothing in 1884, is to-day one banking and currency of the House of 
of the largest and foremost industries in Representatives demonstrated his general 
the town of Gardner, and stands as a knowledge of the subject, 
monument to the constructive ability of Mr. Wilder was an active and useful 
Mr. Wilder. As an employer of labor he member of the First Congregational 
was held in high regard by his employees, Church of Gardner, and took a promi- 
many of whom continued in his employ nent part in the organization of the 
for years, and he was also esteemed by Young People's Society of Christian En- 
the labor unions, as he often paid a deavor connected with the church, of 

268 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



which he was a charter member. In all ter of Samuel Newell and Fidelia (Whit- 
projects having for their object the better- ney) Laws. To this union were born the 
ment and welfare of the community, Mr. following children: I. Solon, mentioned 
Wilder was always found taking an 
earnest interest and giving freely of his 
means, and though of a generous nature 
his giving was always done with an 
unostentatious hand. Progressive, up-to- 
date, he was ever ready to exert his 
influence and aid in all movements in the 
interest of better conditions, good gov- 
ernment, the promotion of the town and 
the best means of advancing its pros- 
perity. He was essentially a selfmade 
man, and his success in life was due to 
his forcefulness, keen executive ability, 
and by an intelligent application of his 
energies. Socially, he was of a genial 
nature, possessed an even temperament, 
and was sympathetic, charitable, warm in 
his impulses, accessible, and polite to all, 
without regard for outward conditions or 
circumstances. He was a prominent and 
active member of the Masonic organiza- 
tion, holding membership in Hope Lodge, 
Free and Accepted Masons ; Gardner 
Chapter, Royal Arch Masons, of which 
he was the first high priest; and Ivanhoe in Hampton, Virginia. Mr. Wilder mar- 
Commandery, No. 46, Knights Templar, ried (second) March 22, 1912, Irene Paula 
all of Gardner. He had attained the Uibel, who survives him. 
thirty-second degree in Masonry, holding The following resolutions of respect 
membership in the Massachusetts Con- were passed by the Business Men's Asso- 
sistory, and was also a member of Aleppo ciation of Gardner, upon the death of Mr. 
Temple, Order of the Mystic Shrine, of Wilder: 
Boston. He was also an honorary 
member of D. J. Farragut Post, No. 116, 
Grand Army of the Republic, of Gardner. 
Mr. Wilder maintained a summer home 
at Friendship, Maine, and was also the 
owner of a farm of two hundred and 
forty-three acres on the outskirts of 
Gardner, in which he took much pride 
and interest. 

Mr. Wilder married (first) June 20, 
1876, Helen Marion Laws, who was born 
March 7, 1855, m Gardner, where she 
passed away November 30, 1909, daugh- 

269 



below. 2. Marion L., born October 7, 
1885, in Gardner, was educated in the 
schools of that city and at Mt. Holyoke 
College, and has spent much time in 
travel abroad. 3. Paul, born March 28, 
1888, in Gardner, was educated there, 
graduating from the Gardner High 
School, and was also a student at Har- 
vard and Cornell universities ; he is me- 
chanical engineer of the Central Oil & 
Gas Stove Company's plant at Gardner; 
he married, December 8, 1913, Beatrice 
Leaycock, and they have one daughter, 
Helen Beatrice, born November 27, 1914, 
in Gardner. 4. Alice F., born March 25, 
1890, in Gardner, is the wife of Harold 
I. Wood, and they reside in Gardner, the 
parents of one son, Wilder Wood, born 
August 31, 1913, in Gardner. 5. Naomi 
H., born February 26, 1893, in Florence, 
Massachusetts, is the wife of Wallace C. 
Gay, of Brockton, Massachusetts, and 
they reside in Gardner, the parents of one 
daughter, Virginia Gay, born May 5, 1910, 



APPRECIATION. The Honorable William H. 
Wilder, the first citizen of Gardner to be elected 
a member of the National House of Representa- 
tives, died in Washington, D. C., on Thursday, 
September nth, 1913. 

From early manhood to the time of his death 
Mr. Wilder was actively connected with the busi- 
ness life of Gardner. Under difficult conditions 
he established and developed the prosperous 
manufacturing business which is now so impor- 
tant a part of our commercial life. In these later 
years of his prosperity Mr. Wilder interested 
himself in numerous Gardner enterprises, and has 
been a great help to other men. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



In his public career Mr. Wilder quickly gained 
a reputation for force, bravery and effectiveness. 
It is a great misfortune to Gardner that his life 
should end at a time when he seemed best able to 
accomplish large things. 

Mr. Wilder passes away after a notable struggle 
against disease, in the midst of a busy life, with 
his face toward the front, and active to the last 
in the faithful performance of his duties. 

The Business Men's Association of Gardner 
hereby order this statement of appreciation to be 
made a part of its records, and a copy to be sent 
to each member of Congressman William H. Wil- 
der's family. 



Congregational Church, of Gardner. Mr. 
Wilder is a prominent and active member 
of the Masonic fraternity, holding mem- 
bership in Hope Lodge, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons ; Gardner Chapter, Royal 
Arch Masons, of which he is past high 
priest; and in Ivanhoe Commandery, No. 
46, Knights Templar, all of Gardner. He 
has also attained the thirty-second degree 
in Masonry, holding membership in the 
Massachusetts Consistory, and is as well 



a member of Aleppo Temple, Order of 

(XIII) Solon Wilder, eldest child of the Mystic Shrine, of Boston. He is also 

the late William Henry and Helen an active member of various clubs and 

Marion (Laws) Wilder, was born May social organizations, among them the 

19, 1884, in Gardner, Massachusetts. He Cit y Club and the Harvard Club, both 

received his early educational training in of Boston, the Fay Club, of Fitchburg, 

the schools of Florence and Gardner, the Gardner Boat Club, and the Ridgley 



Massachusetts, graduating from the high 
school of the latter town in 1901. He 
then entered Harvard University, from 
which he was graduated with the class of 



Country Club, of Gardner. 

On June 12, 1907, Mr. Wilder was 
united in marriage to Edith Leavens, who 
was born November 15, 1884, in Brook- 



1905, with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. ] y n > New York > daughter of Thomas C. 
Upon leaving college he became asso- and Fann y (Birch) Leavens, and to this 



ciated with his father in business. For 
two years he was engaged in traveling in 
the interests of the Central Oil & Gas 
Stove Company. In 1906, Mr. \Vilder 
was made president of this company, in 
which capacity he has since continued. 
He is also president of the Meals Print- 
ing Company, of Gardner, besides having 
an interest in various other extensive 
business affairs of the town. He 



union have been born two children, name- 
ly: Ruth, born February 28, 1909, in 
Gardner, and died there March 31, 1911 ; 
and Richard, born September n, 1911, in 
Gardner. 



is 



PUTNAM, William Andrew, 

Insurance Actuary, Public Official. 

The lineage of a very large part of Put- 

among the most active and public-spirited nams of New England is traced to John 

citizens of his native town, and exercises Putnam, the immigrant, the ancestor of 

an influence in the conduct of affairs in several prominent citizens of the early 

the community. He is much interested days of Massachusetts. The name comes 

in the progress and welfare of his native from Puttenham, a place in England, and 

country, and in political activities acts this perhaps from the Flemish word putte, 

with the Republican party. Like his "a well," plural putt en and ham, signify- 

father before him, Mr. \Vilder possesses ing a "home," and the whole indicating a 

an affable and genial manner, and is held settlement by a well. Some four or five 

in high esteem by all who know him. years after the settlement of Salem, Mas- 

In religious faith he is a Congregation- sachusetts, it became necessary to extend 

alist, holding membership in the First the area of the town in order to accom- 

270 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



modate a large number of immigrants prior to 1272, and with his wife Alina had 

who were desirous of locating within its a grant of lands in Penne in 1315. He 

jurisprudence, and as a consequence was a sheriff of Herts in 1322, in which 

farming communities were established at year he supported Edward II. against the 

various points, some of them being con- Mortimers. His wife, perhaps identical 

siderable distance from the center of with Helen, is called a daughter of John 

population. Several families newly ar- Spigornel, and was married (second) to 

rived from England founded a settlement Thomas de la Hay, king's commissioner, 

which they called Salem Village, and the knight of the sheer, in 1337, who held 



place was known as such for more than 
a hundred years. It is now called Dan- 
vers. Among the original settlers of 
Salem Village was John Putnam. He 



Puttenham with reversion to the heirs of 
Rodger Puttenham, and land in Penne in 
right of his wife. 

(IX) Sir Rodger de Puttenham was 



was the American progenitor of the Put- pardoned by the king in 1338, probably on 
nams in New England, and among his account of some political offense. The 



descendants were the distinguished Revo- 
lutionary generals, Israel and Rufus Put- 
nam. Much valuable information rela- 
tive to the early history of the family is 
to be found in the "Essex Institute Col- 
lection." In common with most of the 
inhabitants, they suffered from the witch- 
craft delusion but were not seriously 
affected. 

(I) The first ancestor of whom definite 
knowledge is obtainable is Rodger, a 
tenant of Puttenham in 1086. 

(II) The second generation is repre- 
sented by Galo of the same locality. 



next year he was a follower of Sir John 
de Molyns, and was knight of the sheer 
from 1355 to 13/4. He had a grant of 
remainder after the death of Christian 
Bordolfe of the manor of Long Marstori, 
in 1370-71. He had a second wife, Mar- 
jorie, in 1370. 

(X) Robert de Puttenham, son of Sir 
Rodger de Puttenham, in 1346, held part 
of a knight's fee in Marston, which the 
Lady of Puttenham held. He was living 
in 1356. 

(XI) William de Puttenham, son of 



Robert de Puttenham, of Puttenham and 
(III) Richard, born 1154, died 1189, Penne, was commissioner of the peace 
presented the living of the church Put- for Herts in 1377, and was called "of Berk 
tenham to the prior and canons of Ashby. Hampstead." He was sergeant-at-arms 

in 1376. He married Margaret, daughter 
of John de Warbleton, who died in 1375, 
when his estates of Warbleton, Sherfield, 
etc., passed to the Putnams. They had 
children : Henry, Robert and William. 

(XII) Henry Puttenham, son of Wil- 
liam and Margaret (Warbleton) de Put- 



(IV) Simon de Puttenham was a 
knight of Herts in 1199. 

(V) Ralph de Puttenham, a juryman 
in 1199, held a knight's fee in Puttenham 
of the honor of Leicester in 1210-12. 

(VI) William de Puttenham is the 
next in line. 

(VII) John de Puttenham was lord of 
the monor of Puttenham in 1291, and was 
a son of William. His wife "Lady of 
Puttenham, held half a knight's fee in 
Puttenham of the honor of Wallingford 
in 1303." 



tenham, was near sixty years of age in 
1468, and died July 6, 1473. He married 
Elizabeth, widow of Jeffrey Goodluck, 
who died in 1486, and was probably his 
second wife. 

(XIII) William Puttenham, eldest son 



(VIII) Sir Rodger de Puttenham, son of Henry Puttenham, was in possession 
of the Lady of Puttenham, was born of Puttenham, Penne, Sherfield and 

271 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

other estates. He was buried in London, of the youngest son shows, but just when 

and his will was proved July 23, 1492. he came to New England is not known. 

He married Anne, daughter of John Family tradition is responsible for the 

Hampden, of Hampden, who was living date 1634, and the tradition is known to 

in 1486. They had sons: Sir George, have been in the family over one hundred 

Thomas, and Nicholas. and fifty years. In 1641, new style, John 

(XIV) Nicholas Putnam, third son of Putnam was granted land in Salem. He 
William and Ann Puttenham, of Penne, was a farmer and exceedingly well off 
in 1534, bore the same arms as his elder for those times. He wrote a fair hand, as 
brother, Sir George. He had sons: John deeds on file show. In these deeds he 
and Henry. styled himself "yeoman;" once, in 1655, 

(XV) Henry Putnam, younger son of "husbandman." His land amounted to 
Nicholas Putnam, was named in the will two hundred and fifty acres, and was 
of his brother John, in 1526. situated between Davenport's hill and 

(XVI) Richard Putnam, son of Henry Potter's hill. John Putnam was admitted 
Putnam, was of Eddelsboro in 1524, and to the church in 1647, s ' lx - years later than 
owned land in Slapton. His will was his wife, and was also a freeman the same 
proved February 26, 1557, and he left a year. The town of Salem in 1644 voted 
widow Joan. He had sons : Harry and that a patrol of two men be appointed 
John. each Lord's day to walk forth during 

(XVII) John Putnam, second son of worship and take notice of such who did 
Richard and Joan Putnam, of Wingrave not attend service and who were idle, etc., 
and Slapton, was buried October 2, 1573, and to present such cases to the magis- 
and his will was proved November 14 trate; all of those appointed were men of 
following. His wife Margaret was buried standing in the community. For the 
January 27, 1568. They had sons: Nich- ninth day John Putnam and John Hath- 
olas, Richard, Thomas, and John. orne were appointed. The following ac- 

(XVIII) Nicholas Putnam, eldest son count of the death of John Putnam was 
of John and Margaret Putnam, of Win- written in 1733 by his grandson Edward: 
grave and Stukeley, died before Septem- "He ate his supper, went to prayer with 
ber 27, 1598, on which date his will was his family and died before he went to 
proved. His wife Margaret was a sleep." He married, in England, Priscilla 
daughter of John Goodspeed. She mar- (perhaps Gould), who was admitted to 
ried (second) in 1614, William Huxley, the church in Salem in 1641. Their chil- 
and died January 8, 1619. They had dren, baptized at Aston Abbotts, were : 
children: John, Anne, Elizabeth, Thomas, Elizabeth; Thomas, grandfather of Gen- 
and Richard. eral Israel Putnam, of the Revolutionary 

(I) John Putnam, eldest son of Nich- War; John, Nathaniel, Sara, Phoebe, and 

olas and Margaret (Goodspeed) Putnam, John. 

was of the nineteenth generation in the (II) Nathaniel Putnam, third son of 
English line, and first of the American John and Priscilla Putnam, was baptized 
line. He was born about 1580, and died at Aston Abbotts, October 11, 1619, and 
suddenly in Salem Village, now Danvers, died at Salem Village, July 23, 1700. He 
Massachusetts, December 30, 1662, aged was a man of considerable landed prop- 
about eighty years. It is known that he erty; his wife brought him seventy-five 
was resident of Aston Abbotts, England, acres additional, and on this tract he built 
as late as 1627, as the date of the baptism his house and established himself. Part 

272 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAHPY 

of his property has remained uninterrupt- believed that such was the case. There 
edly in the family, and it is now better can be no doubt that the expressed opin- 
known as the "old Judge Putnam place." ion of a man like Nathaniel Putnam must 
He was constable in 1656, and afterwards have influenced scores of his neighbors, 
deputy to the General Court, 1690-91, se- His eldest brother had been dead seven 
lectman, and always at the front on all years, and he had succeeded to the posi- 
local questions, whether pertaining to tion as head of the great Putnam family 
politics, religious affairs, or other town with its connections. He was known as 
matters. "He had great business activity "Landlord Putnam," a term given for 
and ability, and was a person of extra- many years to the oldest living member 
ordinary powers of mind, of great energy of the family. He saw the family of his 
and skill in the management of affairs, brother, Thomas Putnam, afflicted, and, 
and of singular sagacity, acumen and being an upright and honest man himself, 
quickness of perception. He left a large believed in the disordered imaginings of 
estate." Nathaniel Putnam was one of his grandniece, Ann. These are powerful 
the principals in the great lawsuit con- reasons to account for his belief and 
cerning the ownership of the Bishop farm, action. The following extract from Up- 
His action in this matter was merely to ham brings out the better side of his char- 
prevent the attempt of Zerubabel Endi- acter: "Entire confidence was felt by all 
cott to push the bounds of the Bishop in his judgment, and deservedly. But he 
grant over his land. The case was a was a strong religionist, a lifelong member 
long and complicated affair, and was at of the church, and extremely strenuous 
last settled to the satisfaction of both and zealous in his ecclesiastical relations, 
parties, in 1683. December 10, 1688, He was getting to be an old man and Air. 
Lieutenant Nathaniel Putnam was one of Parris had wholly succeeded in obtaining, 
the four messengers sent to Rev. Samuel for the time, possession of his feelings, 
Parris to obtain his reply to the call of sympathy and zeal in the management of 
the parish. Parris was afterwards in- the church, and secured his full coopera- 
stalled as the minister of the parish, and tion in the witchcraft prosecutions. He 
four years later completely deceived Mr. had been led by Parris to take the very 
Putnam in regard to the witchcraft de- front in the proceedings. But even Na- 
lusion. That he honestly believed in thaniel Putnam could not stand by in 
witchcraft and in the statements of the silence and see Rebecca Nurse sacrificed." 
afflicted girls there seems to be no doubt ; A curious paper written by him is among 
that he was not inclined to be severe is those which have been preserved: "Na- 
evident, and his goodness of character thaniel Putnam, senior, being desired by 
shows forth in marked contrast with the Francis Nurse, Sr., to give information of 
almost bitter feeling shown by many of what I could say concerning his wife's life 
those concerned. That he should have and conversation. I, the above said, have 
believed in the delusion is not strange, known this said aforesaid woman forty 
for belief in witchcraft was then all but years, and what I have observed of her, 
universal. The physicians and ministers human frailties excepted, her life and con- 
called upon to examine the girls who pre- versation have been to her profession, and 
tended to be bewitched, agreed that such she hath brought up a great family of 
was the fact. Upham states that ninety- children and educated them well, so that 
nine out of every one hundred in Salem there is in some of them apparent savor 
MASS- Vol. iv-is 273 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAHPY 

of godliness. I have known her differ Uncle John Putnam and Captain Jona- 

with her neighbors, but I never knew or than Putnam." All his children but 

heard of any that did accuse her of what Josiah are mentioned. He was married, 

she is now charged with." In 1694 Na- August 25, 1686, to Elizabeth, daughter 

thaniel and John Putnam testified to hav- of Thomas Putnam (according to Colonel 

ing lived in the village since 1641. He Perley Putnam), but on the Salem rec- 

married, in Salem, Elizabeth, daughter of ords the births are recorded as by wife 

Richard and Alice (Bosworth) Hutchin- Hannah. His first wife died December 

son, of Salem Village. She was born Au- 21, 1705, and he married (second) July I, 

gust 20, and baptized at Arnold, Eng- 1706, Sarah Holton. His children were: 

land, August 30, 1629, and died June 24, Josiah, Nathaniel, Tarrant, Elizabeth, 

1688. In 1648 both Nathaniel and his Benjamin, Stephen, Daniel, Israel, and 

wife Elizabeth were admitted to the Cornelius. 

church in Salem,. Their children, all born (IV) Deacon Nathaniel Putnam, see- 
in Salem, were : Samuel, Nathaniel, John, ond son of Captain Benjamin Putnam, 
Joseph, Elizabeth, Benjamin, and Mary, was born August 25, 1686, in Salem Vil- 
(III) Captain Benjamin Putnam, young- lage, and died October 21, 1754. He was 
est son of Nathaniel and Elizabeth (Hutch- a yeoman, and lived in Danvers, and prob- 
inson) Putnam, was born December 24, ably part of the time in North Reading, 
1664, at Salem Village, and died at the Massachusetts. He was elected deacon 
same place about 1715. He was a promi- of the First Church at Danvers, Novem- 
nent man in Salem and held many town ber 15, 1731. He was married, June 4, 
offices, being tythingman at the village 1709, to Hannah Roberts, who died about 
in 1695-96, constable and collector in 1700, 1763. Their children were: Nathaniel, 
selectman in 1707-13, and was often on died young; Jacob, Nathaniel, died young; 
the grand and petit juries. He was chosen Sarah, Archelaus, Ephraim, Hannah, Na- 
to perambulate the bounds between the thaniel, Mehitable, and Kezia. 
towns of Salem and Topsfield, which was (V) Jacob Putnam, second son of Dea- 
his last appearance on the records, in 1712. con Nathaniel and Hannah (Roberts) 
He held the position of lieutenant and Putnam, was born April 20, 1712, and 
captain, was in the Indian war, and re- died in Wilton, New Hampshire, Febru- 
ceived the titles in 1706-11. It appears ary 10, 1801. He was a pioneer of Wil- 
that he was imprisoned at one time, but ton, and probably located there in 1738, 
for what cause does not appear. Among for in June, 1739, Ephraim and Jacob Put- 
the signatures to the certificate of char- nam and John Dole, all of Danvers, made 
acter of Rebecca Nurse, the names of the first permanent settlement in Wilton. 
Benjamin and his wife Sarah appear. Rev. For three years his wife was the only 
Joseph Green, in his diary, mentions call- white woman living in the town, and dur- 
ing on "Landlord Putnam" and that he ing one winter the snow was so deep and 
was very sick and out of his head. De- neighbors so far away that she saw no 
cember 30, 1709, he was chosen deacon one outside her family for six months, 
of the church of the village. His will, The brothers Jacob, Ephraim and Na- 
dated October 28, 1706, was proved April thaniel were all early settlers at W'ilton, 
25, 1715. He gives to his son (minister but finding the Indians troublesome they 
at Reading) "one hundred and fifty returned to Danvers, and a second time 
pounds for his learning," "Overseers, settled at Wilton and Lyndeborough. He 

274 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAHPY 

was a man of great energy, and at one December 25, 1814; Caleb, September 15, 

time operated a sawmill beside working 1816; Roxana, July 16, 1818; Samuel, 

on his farm, and in his later years made May 18, 1820; Jacob, August 16, 1822; 

cans. He married (first) in July, 1735, Ruth Ann, June 19, 1824; Asa Longley, 

Susanna Harriman, of Danvers, (second) July 9, 1826; Andrew Jackson, mentioned 

Susanna Styles, who died January 27, below; Artemas, January i, 1831; Sarah 

1776, and (third) Patience, mentioned in M., October 13, 1834, married Calvin D. 

his will, which was proved February 28, Blanchard, and lived in Harvard, Massa- 

1791. His children were: Sarah, Na- chusetts. 

thaniel, Philip, died young, Stephen, (VIII) Andrew Jackson Putnam, sixth 

Philip, Joseph, Mehitable, Jacob, Arche- son of Caleb Putnam and child of his 

laus, Caleb, Elizabeth, and Peter. second wife, Jane (Longley) Putnam,, 

(VI) Jacob (2) Putnam, sixth son of was born July 25, 1828, in Wilton, where 
Jacob (i) Putnam, was born November he lived, and for many years operated a 
15, 1747, in Wilton, and resided in the tannery in East Wilton, which he built in 
southwestern part of that town, where he association with his brother Artemas. 
was succeeded by his descendants, and He married, May i, 1861, Sarah Flagg 
where a grandson was living in 1888. Whitney, born September 22, 1838, in 
For many years he was a deacon of the Adrian, Michigan, daughter of Richard 
church, was a farmer and manufacturer H. Whitney, a prominent citizen of that 
of spinning wheels and plows, and died town, and his wife Nancy (Flagg) Whit- 
June 2, 1821. He married (first) in 1770, ney, descended from John \Vhitney, who 
Abigail Burnap, who died June 10, 1812. was born 1589, in England, and was 
He married (second) Lucy Spofford, of among the first settlers of Watertown, 
Temple, Massachusetts. Children : Jacob, Massachusetts. She survives her hus- 
born November 4, 1771 ; Abigail, April 29, band, and is now living in Wilton. Chil- 
1773; John, November 24, 1774; Caleb, dren : Samuel H., born October 26, 1862 ; 
1776, died 1777; Caleb, mentioned below; William Andrew, mentioned below; Har- 
Ruth, January 20, 1781 ; Edah, married riet L., December 6, 1865 ; Mabel L., 
Stephen Cooper. April 23, 1868; Augustus W., March 26, 

(VII) Caleb Putnam, fourth son of 1873. 

Jacob (2) and Abigail (Burnap) Put- (IX) William Andrew Putnam, second 

nam, was born March 24, 1779, in Wilton, son of Andrew Jackson and Sarah Flagg 

was a farmer on the paternal homestead, (Whitney) Putnam, was born February 

and for many years led the singing in the 13, 1864, in Wilton, and March i, 1882, 

Wilton church. He was captain of a went to Leominster, Massachusetts, 

cavalry company in the Twenty-second where he has continued to reside down 

Regiment of Militia, and died September to the present time. For eight years he 

8, 1862. He married (first) February 4, was employed as a bookkeeper in the 

1801, Lydia Spalding, who died Novem- National and Savings banks at Leomin- 

ber 17, 1811. He married (second) Jane ster, and later engaged in the insurance 

Longley, of Shirley, Massachusetts, born businesss, which he has built up until he 

1788, died January 2, 1854, and (third) is the leader in that line of industry in the 

Mrs. Sarah Shattuck Putnam, of Lynde- town. In 1913 he became a candidate on 

borough. Children: Caleb, died young; the Citizens' ticket for the office of select- 

Lydia, born September 3, 1813; Jane, man, and was elected by a large majority, 

275 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAHPY 

and has since been twice elected by an Thomas Morse, who resided at Foxearth, 
increased majority each year. He is one in the County of Essex, England. There 
of the most popular citizens of the town, were several of the name early estab- 
and has justified the trust reposed in him lished in Essex county, Massachusetts, 
with signal ability and advantage. He including William, Anthony, Samuel and 
is a member of Wilder Lodge, Free and Joseph Morse, all of whom, were the 
Accepted Masons, of which he was ancestors of a numerous progeny, 
master in 1895-96. He is also affiliated (I) Joseph Morse was born in England 
with Thomas Chapin Council, Royal and about 1587, and settled in Ipswich, Mas- 
Select Masters, of Fitchburg, with Jeru- sachusetts, where he was a planter and 
salem Commandery of that city, and one of the proprietors of the town in 1637. 
Aleppo Temple, Ancient Arabic Order His son Joseph had preceded him. The 
Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, of Boston, father made his will, April 24, 1646, and it 
Massachusetts. He is a charter member was proved September 29 following, be- 
of Leominster Lodge, No. 1237, Benevo- queathing to his wife Dorothy, sons Jo- 
lent and Protective Order of Elks, of seph and John, and daughter Hannah, 
which he was first exalted ruler, and The last named became the wife of 
obtained a life membership, October i, Thomas Newman, of Ipswich. The 
1913. He acts in political contests with second son resided in Ipswich, Groton 
the Republican party. He married, Janu- and Watertown, and died 1694-95. 
ary 14, 1886, Florence T. Morse, born (II) Joseph (2) Morse, eldest son of 
January 2, 1865, second daughter of Joseph (i) and Dorothy Morse, was born 
George Franklin and Mary E. (Tufts) 1610, in England, and came to America in 
Morse, of Leominster (see Morse XI). the ship "Elizabeth," of Ipswich, Eng- 
Mr. and Mrs. Putnam had two daughters : fand, sailing April 30, 1634, being then 
Marjorie Morse, born July 14, 1887, died twenty-four years of age. He was first in 
January 24, 1888, and Ruth, August 27, Ipswich, Massachusetts, but settled in 
1891, resides with her parents in Leo- Watertown, where he was one of the 
minster. proprietors in 1636, and died March 4, 
(The Morse Line). 16^0. He was one of the tythingmen of 
The Morse family is one of the oldest the town. He married Esther, daughter 
in America, and has been conspicuous in of John and Elizabeth Pierce, of W T ater- 
both English and and American annals, town. Children : Joseph, born April 3, 
traced with tolerable accuracy to the time 1637, died 1677, settled at Groton, where 
of William the Conqueror. The name is he was a proprietor; Deacon John, of 
inseparably connected with the invention, further mention below ; Jonathan, buried 
of the electric telegraph, and is otherwise May 12, 1643, at Watertown; Jonathan, 
distinguished in relation to the science, born November 7, 1643, died July 31, 
literature and all the influences that make 1686, town clerk of Groton; Esther, 
for the betterment of the condition of March 7, 1645-46, married, December 22, 
mankind. Its bearers are to be found in 1669, Jonathan Bullard, lived at Water- 
remotely separated districts of the United town; Sarah, married, June, 1669, Timo- 
States, and they have been noted for the thy Cooper, lived at Groton ; Jeremiah, 
maintenance of the standards set up by died September 27, 1719, at Newton, pro- 
their Puritan fathers. The American prietor of Groton ; Isaac, lived at Newton r 
family has been traced to the Rev. wife died 1714. 

276 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAHPY 

(III) Deacon John Morse, second son ter of Henry and Elizabeth (Beers) God- 
of Joseph (2) and Esther (Pierce) Morse, ding. She owned the covenant at the 
was born February 28, 1639, in Water- Watertown church, and died November 
town, where he was admitted a freeman, 21, 1701. He married (second) January 7, 
May 15, 1672, was ensign of the militia, 1702, Hepsebath Stone, born May 5, 
constable, and a commissioner in 1689 1677, daughter of John and Sarah Stone, 
and 1694. In 1681 he was elected tything- Children of first marriage: John, bap- 
man at the same time as his father, was tized October 3, 1697; Elizabeth, baptized 
sealer of leather in 1694, and elected con- October 3, 1697; Susannah, born January 
stable in 1697, in place of his son, James, 5, 1694-95, died at Watertown; Isaac, 
who was incapacitated. For a time he mentioned below; William, born Novem- 
lived in Lancaster, and was one of the ber 18, 1699, died 1752, without issue, 
first deacons of Rev. Amgier's church. He Children of second marriage : Hepse- 
died in \Vatertown, July 23, 1702, and his bath, born February 14, 1703; Henry, 
estate was administered by his son James, born September 14, 1704, married Mary 
He married (first) Anne, daughter of Follett, and resided in Attleboro ; John, 
John Smith, of Lancaster, and (second) 1705, died 1767, joined Cambridge church, 
April 27, 1666, Abigail Stearns, fifth 1730; Rebecca, November 16, 1706; 
daughter of Isaac and Mary (Barker) Sarah, June 3, 1708; Abigail, baptized 
Stearns, pioneers of Watertown. She March 5, 1709-10; Sarah, born October 
died October 15, 1690. Children of first 9, 1712, died March 20, 1714; Susanna, 
marriage: Lydia, born April 6, 1660; born October 9, 1712, died March, 1714; 
John, April 7, 1662, probably died young Mary, baptized June 19, 1715. 

at Lancaster. Children of second mar- (V) Isaac Morse, second son of John 

riage : John, born May 10, 1667, died (2) and Elizabeth (Godding) Morse, was 

young; James, November 25, 1668, died born February n, 1697, m Watertown, 

1718, married Abigail Morse; John, of and baptized there October 3 following, 

further mention; Joseph, August 25, In 1737 he was received in the church at 

1671, died June 24, 1709, settled at Guil- Cambridge. For some time he lived at 

ford, Connecticut; Abigail, December 23, Attleboro and subsequently in Needham 

1673, died March 6, 1674; Abigail, August and Natick, Massachusetts. His inten- 

6, 1677, died April 13, 1683; Isaac, died tion of marriage was published in Attle- 

November 24, 1694, at Watertown; boro, October 27, 1739, to Elizabeth 

Samuel, born June 21, 1682; Nathaniel, Turner, of Braintree, Massachusetts. She 

died March 10, 1729-30, married (first) survived him and married (second) in 

Grace Dyer, (second) Phebe, surname Natick, W r illiam Dyer, of that town, 

unknown. There is record of three children : Eliza- 

(IV) John (2) Morse, fifth son of beth, Elisha (died young), and Elisha, 
John (i) and third child of his second mentioned below. 

wife, Abigail (Stearns) Morse, was born (VI) Elisha Morse, son of Isaac and 
March 15, 1670, probably in Watertown, Elizabeth (Turner) Morse, was born No- 
where he lived in early life, was admitted vember 2, 1742, in Needham, and was 
a freeman, June 2, 1700, and was living but two years of age when he went with 
in Needham, Massachusetts, in 1718. He his parents to Natick, where he died De- 
married (first) January 8, 1690, Elizabeth cember 3, 1804, as the result of a fall from 
Godding, born November 8, 1667, daugh- a wagon. He was one of the patriots of 

277 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAHPY 

the Revolution, serving through that record of his children is taken. This 
struggle. He was first a private in Cap- record says the father was born June 23, 
tain Joseph Morse's company, Colonel 1771 ; Arnold, mentioned below; Gardner, 
Samuel Bullard's regiment, at Lexington, born September 3, 1792, died 1796; Eliab, 
April 19, 1775, and afterward, in the same June 18, 1794; Sally, April 9, 1797; Card- 
year, in Captain James Miller's company, ner, April 10, 1799, died 1803; Elisha F., 
Colonel Jonathan Wood's regiment. In baptized October 18, 1801, at Christ 
1778 he was a member of Captain Amos Church in Hopkinton ; Betsey, born June 
Perry's company, Colonel Haw's regn 18, 1803, died two days old; Charles P., 
ment, in Rhode Island, and in 1780 in December 31, 1804; Betsey, August 8, 
Captain Joshua Fink's company, Colonel 1806; Mary Ann, April 27, 1809; Elbridge 
Abner Perry's regiment. He was enlisted Gerry, September 10, 1811; James Madi- 
for three years in the Continental army, son, August 21, 1813; Roxana B., No- 
He married, December 28, 1761, Jemima vember 13, 1817. 

Tomblin, born April 6, 1742, daughter of (VIII) Arnold Morse, eldest child of 

Isaac and Jemima (Wheeler) Tomblin, of Elisha (2) and Sally (Moore) Morse, was 

Westboro, later North Brookfield, Massa- born March 21, 1791, in Needham., in 

chusetts. She died October 29, 1805, in which town he lived for some years, re- 

Natick. Children : Mehitable, born June ceiving his education in the common 

4, 1763, married Hezekiah Bacon ; Lurana, schools. He was a farmer and paper 

May 3, 1764, married Levi Sawin, of maker, lived for a time in Dorchester, and 

West Dedham; Isaac, February 3, 1769, about 1827 settled in Leominster, Massa- 

married Deborah Cleveland, resided at chusetts, where he was engaged in paper 

Needham, had thirteen children ; Elisha, making to the end of his life. He married 

mentioned below; Arnold, born May 15, at Needham, December 2, 1810, Jane 

1774, married, April 6, 1792, Sally Hunt- Giles, of that town. 

ing (according to the church records), (IX) Gardner Morse, son of Arnold 

resided at Millbury, Massachusetts, and and Jane (Giles) Morse, was born about 

Pomfret, Connecticut; Rebecca, October 1811, family tradition says in Dorchester, 

I, 1778, married, 1802, Luther Broad, and not recorded in that town. During his 

had ten children, resided at Natick ; residence in Dorchester he was a student 

Persis, April i, 1780, married Elisha Rob- at the public schools, and at the age of 

bins, who died without issue ; Reuben, sixteen years went with his parents to 

October 4, 1782, died 1835; Betsey, Octo- Leominster, where he learned the busi- 

ber 27, 1786, died about 1801. ness of comb making, which was the lead- 

(VII) Elisha (2) Morse, second son of ing industry of that town at that time, 

Elisha (i) and Jemima (Tomblin) Morse, and in which most boys were employed, 

was born June 2, 1771, in Natick, lived As soon as he had completed his appren- 

for a time in Needham, and about the ticeship he engaged in the manufacture of 

beginning of the nineteenth century combs on his own account, and conducted 

settled in Hopkinton, Massachusetts, a large and flourishing business until the 

There was also a Deacon Elisha Morse close of his active life. For more than 

living in that town at the same time. He half a century his residence was on West 

married Sally Moore. From the family street, in what is still known as the Morse 

Bible of Elisha (2) Morse, which is still Place. He moved into this house in April, 

preserved in Hopkinton, the following 1836, and died there October 15, 1894. 

278 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAHPY 

In 1857 he formed a partnership including corporation the son became secretary, 
his son, George F. Morse, William Booth At the outbreak of the Civil War, George 
and Joseph F. Goodhue, under the style of F. Morse left his business to join the 
G. Morse & Company, which continued patriots, who extinguished rebellion. For 
under that style for many years, and was two years he was in the quartermaster's 
finally incorporated as the Morse Comb department, and in 1862 he joined his 
Company, the first manufacturing cor- regiment in the Third Division, Third 
poration in the town of Leominster. Army Corps, then under command of 
Within a year its factory was consumed General Whipple, with which he re- 
by fire, but the business was not aban- mained until after the battle of Freder- 
doned, and continued until the beginning icksburg. After his discharge he pur- 
of the year 1861. He married, in 1833, chased the city hotel property at An- 
Mary Ann \Villard, of Sterling, Massa- napolis, Maryland, in partnership with 
chusetts. Children : Mary C., born 1834 ; General Augustus Morse. After conduct- 
George Franklin, mentioned below ; Anna ing the hotel a year he tired of that busi- 
M., 1838; Elizabeth A., 1842, married J. ness, and returned to Leominster, where 
H. Rice; Henrietta A., 1844; Charles A., he again engaged in the manufacture of 
1848; Sarah H., 1850, married C. F. combs, from 1864 to 1868. He again 
Edgarton, resided in Concord, Massachu- entered the hotel business as proprietor 
setts; Albert G., 1846. of the Creighton House, Boston, which 
(X) George Franklin Morse, eldest he sold out after one year, and returned to 
son of Gardner and Mary Ann (\Villard) Leominster. In 1871 he again engaged 
Morse, was born October 16, 1835, in in the manufacture of combs, and also 
Leominster, in the house where his father wholesale dealing in horns. In the fol- 
then lived in West street, now known as lowing year, in association with his 
the Micah R. Ball place, died December brother, Albert G. Morse, under the style 
27, 1914. This was in the old school of G. F. Morse & Company, he turned his 
district No. 2, where he attended school, attention wholly to the buying and sell- 
and he was one of the first pupils ing of horns, and for the next twelve 
admitted to the Leominster High School, years they pushed this business with 
when it was established. After a four great energy and marked success. In 
years' course, he was graduated in 1851, those days nearly all combs and much 
at the age of sixteen years. He then went jewelry was made of horns, and Mr. 
to Boston, becoming a clerk in the im- Morse traveled extensively in extending 
porting establishment of Hill, Burrage & his sales. In 1875 he made a business 
Company, of which establishment two of trip to California, and in 1880 to Cuba and 
the proprietors, Alvah and Charles H. Mexico. Wherever the cattle industry 
Burrage, were natives of Leominster. flourished he penetrated in the search of 
After two years in Boston he returned to material for his business, and traveled 
his native town to learn the business of all over the continent, securing supplies 
comb making in his father's factory, for Leominster factories. In association 
which was then conducted by G. & A. with his brother he erected a powder mill 
Morse. This firm also conducted a large at Rahway, New Jersey, which they sub- 
general store in Leominster, and in this sequently sold. In 1882 George F. Morse 
the son kept the books for a year. In was elected president of the South Spring 
1857 he became a partner of the firm of Hill Gold Mining Company of Amador, 
G. Morse & Company, and upon the in- California, where he spent the greater 

279 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAHPY 

part of a year in management of the name, derived from the Saxon sac (sea) 

mines. For many years he was president and weard (warden), meaning a keeper 

of the Hecla Powder Company of New or guardian of the sea, a fit name for a 

York, and is a director of the Leominster great naval commander. Indeed it was 

Gaslight Company. At the first annual an official as well as personal name and 

meeting of the Wachusett National Bank was applied to the high admiral of Saxon 

of Fitchburg, he was elected one of its times. It was Latinized as Siwardus. 

directors. In politics he is a Republican, The hamlets of Sewardstone in County 

and has been a notary public since 1874, Essex and Sewardsley in Northampton- 

when he was appointed by Governor shire seem to have been designated from 

Thomas Talbot. During the administra- ancient proprietors of the name. The 

tion of Hon. William E. Russell as gov- parish register of St. Mary's Aldemary, 

ernor of Massachusetts, Mr. Morse was London, shows that Richard and William 

elected to the governor's council, and were members of the parish, but no other 

continued with the succeeding Governor family of the name lived there. William 

Wolcott. He has served the town of Leo- (grocer in Bow Lane) was buried in the 

minster as auditor and in various other quire (choir) April 26, 1620; Richard, of 

positions of trust and responsibility. His parish St. Andrew Hubbard, married 

active support is given to the Univer- Elizabeth Ashe, daughter of Mr. Peter 

salist church, where he is a regular at- Ashe, dwelling in Bow Lane, July 2, 

tendant. He married, in 1859, Mary E., 1612. 

daughter of Nathan and Eliza (Downe) The Seward family is among the oldest 

Tufts, of Fitchburg. Children : Ralph in England. In the variations in spelling 

G., born 1860, married, 1883, Susan F. this surname in the early generations, 

Colby; Alice A., 1862, married, 1888, Seaward and Sheward were common 

Charles A. Joslin, treasurer of the Leo- forms. Several branches of the family 

minster Savings Bank, they have two bore coats-of-arms, and at least three of 

children Maud A. and Ralph A. Joslin ; the devices are plainly very ancient