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Full text of "Encyclopedia of Massachusetts, biographical--genealogical;"

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Biographical — Genealogical 



Compiled with Assistance of the Following 
ADVISORY COMMITTEE 



WILLIAM RICHARD CUTTER 

Former Librarian of Woburn Public Library; 
Historian of New England Historic-Genea- 
logical Society; Author of "History of Arling- 
ton." "Bibliography of Woburn," "History of 
the Cutter Family," etc. 

EUGENE C. GARDNER 

Member of American Institute of Architecture, 
etc.: Author of "Homes and How to Make 
Them," and other popular works; Lecturer, 
and frequent contributor to leading magazines 
and newspapers. 

HARLAN HOGE BALLARD. A. M. 

Librarian of Berkshire Athenaeum and Mu- 
seum; Secretary of Berkshire Historical Soci- 
ety; Author of "Three Kingdoms;" "World of 
Matter;" "Translation into English, Hexameters 
of Virgil's Aeneid;" Joint Author "American 
Plant Book;" "Barnes' Readers;" "One Thou- 
sand Blunders in English." 

REV. JOHN H. LOCKWOOD, A. M. 

Member of Connecticut Valley Historical Soci- 
ety, and Western Hampden Historical Society; 
Author of "History of the Town of Westfleld, 
Mass." 



HON. ELLERY BICKNELL CRANE 

Charter Member. ex-President and for fifteen 
years Librarian of Worcester Society of Antiq- 
uity, and Editor of Its Proceedings; Author of 
"Rawson Family Memorial," "The Crane Fam- 
ily," in two volumes, "History of 15th Regi- 
ment in the Revolution," and Compiler of a 
Number of Genealogies of the Prominent Fam- 
ilies of Massachusetts. Member of the New 
England Historic-Genealogical and other His- 
torical Societies. 

CHARLES FRENCH READ 

Clerk and Treasurer of Bostonian Society; 
Director of Brookline Historical Society; Sec- 
ond Vice-President of Mass. See. S. A. R.; 
Chairman Membership Com. Mass. Soc. Colo- 
nial Wars; Member Board of Managers, Mass. 
Soc. War of 1S12; Treasurer of Read Soc. for 
Genealogical Research. 

ROBERT SAMUEL RANTOUL 

Ex-President of Essex Institute; Member of 
Massachusetts Historical Society; ex-Repre- 
sentative and ex-Mayor of Salem. 

E. ALDEN DYER, M, D. 

President of Old Bridgewater Historical Soci- 
ety; President of Dyer Family Association. 



cV.-^i 



LLUSTRATED 



NEW YORK 



1916 

THE AMERICAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY (Inc.) 

BOSTON 



CHICAGO 



THE NEW YORK 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 

364879A 

ASTOR, LENOX AND 

TILDEN F0UNDATI8NS 

R 1928 L 



Both justice and decency require that we should bestow on our forefathers 
an honorable remembrance — Thucydides 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



DAWES, Henry L., 

Eminent Constructive Statesman. 

Henry Laurens Dawes, whose services 
as a national constructive legislator are 
commemorated in various notable and 
highly useful enactments by the national 
legislature, was born in Cummington, 
Massachusetts, October 30, 1816, and died 
February 5, 1903, son of Mitchell and 
Mercy (Burgees) Dawes. He was of 
English ancestry, of a family which ad- 
hered to the house of Stuart during the 
Cromwellian times, and came into favor 
at the restoration of Charles II. The an- 
cestor of Senator Henry L. Dawes estab- 
lished himself in Boston about the year 
1700. 

Henry L. Dawes began his education 
in the common schools, then entering 
Yale College, from which he was gradu- 
ated in the class of 1839. After leaving 
college he spent two years teaching 
school. Subsequently he became editor 
of the "Greenfield Gazette," and still later 
of the "Adams Transcript." Meantime 
he studied law in the office of Wells & 
Davis, at Greenfield, Massachusetts, and 
was admitted to the bar in 1842, begin- 
ning his practice at North Adams; in 
1864 he removed to Pittsfield, Massachu- 
setts. In 1848-49 he was a member of the 
lower house of the State Legislature ; in 
1850 of the State Senate ; and in 1852 
was again returned to the lower house. 
In 1853 he was a member of the Constitu- 
tional Convention of Massachusetts ; and 
in 1853 ^"d to 1857 was United States 
District Attorney for the Western Dis- 
trict of Massachusetts. He was nine 
times successively elected to the National 



House of Representatives, his term of 
service beginning in 1857 and ending in 
1875, he declining to be a candidate for 
a tenth term. His congressional service 
covered the entire troublous period pre- 
ceding the Civil War, and the whole of 
that momentous struggle. A Whig in 
early life, he became a Republican at the 
founding of the party, and he was among 
the most virile forces of the nation in op- 
posing the encroachments of slavery, and 
in the maintenance of the Union when 
the national existence was at stake. The 
positions which he occupied during those 
days give eloquent attestation of his abil- 
ity and integrity. In the House of Repre- 
sentatives he was chairman of the com- 
mittee on elections through the difficult 
war and reconstruction periods ; and at 
other times rendered distinguished serv- 
ice as chairman of the committees on 
appropriations, and ways and means. He 
was among the foremost in the advance- 
ment of many important measures. He 
was the father of the Weather Bureau 
and the National Fish Commission, hav- 
ing provided the legislation for their 
establishment, and procured the neces- 
sary appropriations ; and the tariff bill of 
1872 was passed by the House as he 
drafted it, and without amendment. W^hile 
a congressman, he twice declined a seat 
on the bench of the Supreme Court of his 
State. 

Mr. Dawes was elected to the United 
States Senate in 1875, to succeed Senator 
Washburn, who had been appointed to 
fill the vacancy occasioned by the death 
of Hon. Charles Sumner. Mr. Dawes 
was reelected in 1881 and again in 1887, 
his service closing March 3, 1893. ^^ ^^at 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



body his service was most useful, in vari- 
ous highly responsible committee posi- 
tions — on the committees on appropria- 
tions, civil service, the fisheries, Revolu- 
tionary claims, naval affairs, and Indian 
affairs. He was also a member of the com- 
mittee on public buildings and grounds, 
and it was upon his initiative that the 
Washington monument in the national 
capital was carried to completion. Mr. 
Dawes, however, is chiefly known for his 
service as chairman of the committee on 
Indian affairs for fifteen years. He re- 
ported and secured the enactment of the 
first bill providing for Indian education. 
In 1887 he wrote and secured the passage 
of the act called the Indian Severalty Law 
which conferred land in severalty and 
citizenship on the American Indians. 
This is sometimes called the Indian 
Emancipation Act, and on this account 
"Dawes Day" is celebrated at Hampton. 
When he retired from the Senate in 1893, 
he was appointed chairman of the Com- 
mission to the Five Civilized Tribes of 
Indians — popularly known as the Dawes 
Commission — and which position he occu- 
pied until his death. While an uncompro- 
mising Republican in politics, he enjoyed 
the respect of all parties, and was the 
personal friend of every President from 
the time of his first election to the legis- 
lature to the end of his service. He was 
a man of independent thought and action, 
and his ability as a speaker was equalled 
by his ability as a writer. For four years 
at Dartmouth College he was lecturer on 
"United States History during the Past 
Fifty Years." In 1869 the degree of Doc- 
tor of Laws was conferred upon him by 
Williams College, and in 1889 by Yale 
University. 

He married. May i, 1844, Electa A. 
Sanderson, of Ashfield, Massachusetts, 
daughter of Chester and Anna (Allis) 
Sanderson ; children : i. Thomas Sander- 
son, born February 24, 1848, died Sep- 



tember 7, 1849. 2. Anna Laurens, May 
14, 1851 ; a prominent author, greatly in- 
terested in educational and sociological 
matters ; a member of the Massachusetts 
board of managers of the World's Colum- 
bian Exposition, also of board of lady 
managers of the Louisiana Purchase Ex- 
position at St. Louis ; published several 
books, her subjects being mainly educa- 
tional and political. 3. Henry Laurens, 
born April 13, 1853, died April 16, 1854. 

4. Chester Mitchell, born July 14, 1855. 

5. Robert Crawford, born January 21, 
1858, died September 3, 1859. 6. Henry 
Laurens, born January 5, 1863. 



DODGE, General Grenville M., 

Soldier, Civil Engineer. 

General Grenville Alellen Dodge, a dis- 
tinguished soldier of the Civil War and a 
civil engineer of masterly ability, was 
born in Putnamville, Danvers, Massachu- 
setts, April 12, 1831, son of Sylvanus and 
Julia T. (Phillips) Dodge. 

He attended a public school in winter, 
meanwhile working industriously in vari- 
ous employments. He devoted his leisure 
hours to study, and in 1845 was able to 
enter Durham, (New Hampshire) Acad- 
emy. The following year he entered Nor- 
wich (Vermont) University, a military 
college, and graduated from the college 
as a civil engineer in 1850, and from Cap- 
tain Partridge's Military School in 1851, 
taking his diploma in the scientific course. 
He began his active career at Peru, Illi- 
nois, where he engaged in surveying. In 
the winter of 185 1 he entered the service 
of the Illinois Central Railroad Company, 
and made surveys for that road between 
Dixon and Bloomington, Illinois. He 
then became connected with the engineer 
corps of the Rock Island railroad, and 
soon afterward was commissioned to sur- 
vey its Peoria branch. While thus en- 
gaged he wrote a letter home, which was 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



published, prophesying the building of 
the first Pacific railroad, and indicating 
its general lines across the continent, a 
line which in later years he constructed. 
Under the directions of Mr. Dey he made 
the surveys of the Mississippi & Missouri, 
now the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific 
railroad, from Davenport to Council 
Blufifs, Iowa, and he was assistant engi- 
neer during the construction of the road 
from Davenport to Iowa City. In 1853 
he made a reconnaissance west of the 
Mississippi river with a view of deter- 
mining the location of a Pacific railroad, 
and the bill authorizing the construc- 
tion of the Union Pacific railroad, which 
was adopted by Congress in 1862, was 
largely based upon his surveys and 
reports. November 11, 1854, he removed 
to Council Blufifs, Iowa, and engaged 
in mercantile pursuits. Later he estab- 
lished the banking house of Baldwin & 
Dodge, which was finally merged in the 
Pacific National Bank, with Mr. Dodge 
as president, and this institution became 
the present Council Bluft's Savings Bank, 
of which his brother, N. P. Dodge, later 
became president. From 1853 to i860 
he continued his surveys for the Union 
Pacific railroad under the patronage of 
Henry Farnham and Thomas C. Durant, 
and was connected with all the railroad 
interests in Iowa and Nebraska. 

In 1856 he organized and equipped the 
Council Bluffs Guards, of which he was 
elected captain, and in 1861, at the out- 
break of the Civil War, he tendered its 
services to the Governor of Iowa, it being 
one of the first companies in the State to 
respond to President Lincoln's call for 
troops for the suppression of the rebel- 
lion. This proffer was declined, it being 
deemed inexpedient to withdraw troops 
from the western border of Iowa on 
account of threatened Indian disturb- 
ances. Early in 1861 Captain Dodge was 
appointed on the staff of Governor Kirk- 



wood, who sent him to Washington City, 
where he obtained six thousand stands of 
arms and ammunition for the use of Iowa 
troops. While engaged upon this errand 
the Secretary of War oflfered him a cap- 
taincy in the regular army, but this he de- 
clined, whereupon Secretary of War Cam- 
eron telegraphed Governor Kirkwood 
recommending that Captain Dodge be 
made colonel of an Iowa regiment. Gov- 
ernor Kirkwood at once commissioned 
him as colonel of the Fourth Regiment, 
Iowa Infantry, and authorized him to re- 
cruit and complete its organization at 
Council Bluffs. A fortnight later. Colo- 
nel Dodge, with his regiment, was in 
active service in northern Missouri. 
When the Army of the Southwest was 
organized under General S. R. Curtis, 
Colonel Dodge was assigned to the com- 
mand of the Fourth Brigade, Fourth 
Division, and he led the advance in the 
capture of Springfield, Missouri. He was 
engaged in the battle of Pea Ridge, where 
he was wounded, and where his gallant 
conduct brought him promotion to the 
rank of brigadier-general. November 15, 
1862, he was assigned to the command of 
the Second Division of the Army of the 
Tennessee, and was actively engaged 
thereafter against the Confederate forces 
under Forrest and Roddy in West Ten- 
nessee and Mississippi. With two divi- 
sions of the Sixteenth Army Corps he 
joined General Sherman at Chattanooga 
on May 4, 1864. He was commissioned 
major-general May 22, on the recom- 
mendation of General Grant, in recogni- 
tion of his services during the operations 
about Corinth and in the Vicksburg cam- 
paign. He took part in all the operations 
of General Sherman which culminated in 
the fall of Atlanta, and on August 19 fell 
dangerously wounded, and was sent home 
as soon as he was able to be moved. 
While exhibiting all the traits which 
mark the accomplished soldier and gen- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



eral in conduct in campaign and battle, 
General Dodge's engineering skill was 
also of vast advantage to Generals Grant 
and Sherman, who relied upon him in 
large degree for the rebuilding of many 
large railroad bridges which had been 
destroyed by the Confederates, and which 
were necessary for providing subsistence 
and munitions of war to the army. This 
splendid service was never forgotten by 
Generals Grant and Sherman, both of 
whom paid fervent tribute to General 
Dodge in their "Memoirs," as well as by 
word of mouth in presence of military 
assemblages subsequent to the war. Re- 
turning to duty after recovering from his 
wound. General Dodge was assigned to 
the command of the Department of Mis- 
souri, relieving General Rosecrans on De- 
cember 2, 1864. General Dodge subse- 
quently took command of all the United 
States forces serving in Kansas, Colo- 
rado, Nebraska, Utah, Montana and Da- 
kota, west of the Missouri river, and con- 
ducted an aggressive and successful cam- 
paign against the Indians. At the con- 
clusion of these operations, at his own 
earnest request, he was relieved, and May 
30, 1866, his resignation was accepted. 

In July, 1866, the Republicans of the 
Fifth Congressional District of Iowa 
nominated General Dodge for Congress, 
an honor which was entirely unsought. 
In Congress he was recognized as an 
authority on all questions relating to the 
army, and he was active in formulating 
and promoting the bill to reduce the army 
to a peace footing, and in other important 
military legislation. He declined a reelec- 
tion to Congress in order to give his sole 
attention to his duties as chief engineer 
of the Union Pacific railroad. He planned 
the iron bridge across the Missouri river 
between Council Blufifs and Omaha, and 
in one year directed the locating, building 
and equipment of five hundred and sixty- 
eight miles of road. May 10, 1869, he 



witnessed the consummation of his great 
purpose, the uniting of the Union Pacific 
with the Central Pacific at Promontory 
Point, Utah, eleven hundred and eighty- 
six miles from the eastern terminus on 
the Missouri river. In 1871 General 
Dodge was appointed chief engineer of 
the California & Texas Railway Construc- 
tion Company, and he built the Texas & 
Pacific railroad from Shreveport, Louisi- 
ana, to Dallas, Texas, and from Marshall 
via Texarkana to Sherman. He also 
made the preliminary surveys to deter- 
mine the thirty-fifth parallel route, and 
partially built eastward some two hun- 
dred miles of road. 

In 1874 General Dodge visited Europe, 
primarily on account of his health, and 
until 1879 he spent a portion of each year 
abroad. During this period, at the solici- 
tation of President Grant, he met the 
German and Italian engineers engaged in 
building the St. Gothard tunnel, and also 
examined the system of internal improve- 
ments in various parts of Europe. In 
January, 1880, he organized the Pacific 
Railway Improvement Company, of 
which he became president, -and com- 
pleted a large section of the Texas & 
Pacific road. He was subsequently presi- 
dent and promoter of various railroad 
organizations in the United States and 
Mexico. In 1871 and 1886 the Chinese 
government invited the aid of General 
Dodge in carrying out certain internal 
improvements, but he declined. After 
the Spanish-American war he surveyed 
various railroad routes in Cuba. It is not 
too much to say that no man of his day 
contributed so much to the establishment 
of transcontinental railroads, and he was 
to the last a constant inspiration to rail- 
road projectors and builders throughout 
the land. 

General Dodge enjoyed the distinction 
of being the last surviving corps com- 
mander of the old Army of the Tennessee, 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



which was organized and long command- 
ed by Grant, who was succeeded by Sher- 
man. General Dodge was an original 
member of the Society of the Army of 
the Tennessee, and was its president after 
the death of General Sherman until he 
himself passed away. He was vice-presi- 
dent of the Grant Monument Association, 
and he was commander of the Military 
Order of the Loyal Legion of the State of 
New York in 1897-98. He was a member 
of the Union League, Colonial, United 
States and other clubs, and of the Grand 
Army of the Republic. He was a dele- 
gate-at-large from Iowa to the National 
Republican Conventions at Philadelphia, 
Chicago and Cincinnati, and took an 
active part in every presidential cam- 
paign beginning with that which resulted 
in the first election of Lincoln, and 
throughout his life. When war was de- 
clared against Spain in 1893, General 
Dodge was profifered by President Mc- 
Kinley a commission as major-general, 
which he declined on account of his years 
and professional duties. After the war he 
was appointed one of the commissioners 
to investigate the conduct of the War 
Department during the war with Spain. 
He always took an active interest in his 
alma mater, the Norwich (Vermont) Uni- 
versity, which he long served as trustee, 
and Dodge Hall was built and donated 
by him to the institution. In 191 1 he 
wrote in large part and published a "His- 
tory of Norwich University," in three 
spacious and well illustrated volumes. He 
was an honorary member of the New 
York Society of Vermonters. He died at 
Council Bluffs, Iowa, January 3, 1916. 



TYLER, William S., 

Distinguished Educator and Author. 

William Seymour Tyler, one of the 
foremost classical scholars and educators 
of his day, was a native of Pennsylvania, 
born at Harford, Susquehanna county. 



September 2, 1810, son of Joab and Nabby 
(Seymour) Tyler, of English descent. 

He was a student for one year at Ham- 
ilton College, and then entered Amherst 
College, from which he was graduated in 
1830. From 1830 to 1834 he was a tutor 
in Amherst. He was for two years a 
theological student at Andover and under 
Dr. Skinner, of New York, and was 
licensed to preach in 1836. He did not, 
however, take up pastoral work, for he 
was immediately appointed Professor of 
Latin and Greek at Amherst College, and 
afterwards of Greek, which position he 
filled for sixty years. Harvard College 
conferred upon him the degree of Doctor 
of Divinity in 1857, and that of Doctor 
of Laws in 1888, and he received the lat- 
ter degree from Amherst College in 1871. 
He was at times president of the board 
of trustees of Williston Academy, East- 
hampton, Massachusetts; of Mount Hol- 
yoke Seminary at South Hadley, Massa- 
chusetts ; and of Smith College at North- 
ampton. Massachusetts, and was known 
as the trusted adviser of the founders of 
these institutions. Among his publica- 
tions are : "Germania and Agricola of 
Tacitus, with Notes for Colleges" (1847) ; 
"Histories of Tacitus" (1848) ; "Plutarch 
on the Delay of the Deity," with Pro- 
fessor H. B. Hackett (1867); "Theology 
of the Greek Poets" (1867) ; Premium 
Essay, "Prayer for Colleges" (1854; re- 
vised and enlarged repeatedly) ; "History 
of Amherst College" (1873; revised and 
continued to 1891 in 1895) : and "The 
Olynthiacs of Demosthenes, with Notes" 
(1893). He also contributed extensively 
to quarterlies and monthlies, chiefly on 
classical subjects. 

Professor Tyler was married, in 1839, 
to Amelia Ogden Whiting, a great-grand- 
daughter of Jonathan Edwards, once 
president of Princeton College, and a dis- 
tinguished theologian. They had four 
sons: Mason Whiting, a practicing law- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



yer in New York City ; William Well- 
ington, a mechanical engineer at Dayton, 
Ohio; Henry Mather, Professor of Greek 
at Smith College, Northampton, Massa- 
chusetts; and John M., Professor of 
Biology at Amherst College. Professor 
Tyler died at Amherst, Massachusetts, 
November 19, 1897. 



CLAFLIN, William, 

Governor, National Legislator. 

William Claflin, twenty-third Governor 
of Massachusetts, was born at Milford, 
Massachusetts, March 6, 1818, his father 
being a tanner in comfortable circum- 
stances. 

He first attended the district schools, 
and was obliged to run errands and labor 
on week days out of school hours, while 
on Sundays he was held to the strict 
religious discipline of those times. After 
five or six years of this rigid training, he 
was sent to the Milford Academy. While 
attending that institution, his father tore 
out the vats of his tannery, replacing 
them with machinery for the purpose of 
making boots and shoes. This was the 
first boot and shoe manufactory in Massa- 
chusetts, and in this William, then in his 
fourteenth year, spent his spare hours 
and vacation days, working hard at the 
bench. After completing his preparation 
for college at the Milford Academy, he 
entered Brown University, in his fifteenth 
year, his privilege of further schooling 
being obtained only at the earnest solici- 
tation of his mother. On her death, one 
year later, his father persuaded the son, 
owing to his ill health, to leave college, 
and put him again in the shoe shop. Later, 
in 1837, the father rented for the son a 
small shop in Ashland, Massachusetts, in 
which the latter worked so hard, early 
and late, that within a year he was pros- 
trated with typhoid fever. After his re- 
covery he went to St. Louis, Missouri, 



where he established a boot and shoe shop, 
which his father stocked for him for two 
years, and he conducted the business so 
successfully that he took the entire man- 
agement upon himself, and built up a 
large business. 

Mr. Claflin was a strong anti-slavery 
man, and his sentiments were strength- 
ened by what he witnessed in St. Louis, 
then a great slave mart. On one occa- 
sion, seeing a handsome young colored 
man, his wife and daughter, offered for 
sale, he and his partner bought them, and 
set them free at once, thus giving great 
offence to the slaveholding element of St. 
Louis. He was a member of the Free- 
soil party, and during the Kansas troubles 
the St. Louis manufactory was several 
times threatened with destruction by a 
mob. 

In 1846 Mr. Claflin committed his St. 
Louis business to partners, and returned 
to Massachusetts, devoting himself to the 
extension of the boot and shoe manufac- 
turing business, establishing factories and 
tanneries in many parts of the country, 
and employing several hundred opera- 
tives, the yearly sales of the firm amount- 
ing sometimes to $2,000,000. Mr. Claflin 
continued an ardent advocate of the Free- 
soil and anti-slavery cause, working earn- 
estly for its success. In 1849 he was 
elected a member of the Massachusetts 
House of Representatives on this particu- 
lar issue, serving until 1852. He was a 
member of the Massachusetts Senate in 
i860 and 1861, and during the latter year 
was president of that body. On the out- 
break of the Civil War, so many debtors 
of his St. Louis house failed to settle their 
accounts that Mr. Claflin lost thereby 
about $50,000, a very large amount in that 
day. but the house met every engagement, 
and the business was soon again in a 
flourishing condition. He was chairman 
of the Republican State Central Commit- 
tee for seven years, a member of the Re- 



8 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



publican National Committee, and its 
chairman from 1869 to 1872. In Novem- 
ber, 1865, he was elected Lieutenant- 
Governor of Massachusetts on the ticket 
with Alexander H. Bullock, and at the 
following election the same ticket was 
reelected. When Governor Bullock re- 
tired, Mr. Claflin was elected to succeed 
him, and he filled the gubernatorial office 
during the years 1869, 1870 and 1871 with 
distinction and ability. It is believed that 
he saved millions of dollars to Massachu- 
setts through his veto of the Boston, 
Hartford & Erie railroad bills, the man- 
agement of the South Boston flats, the 
Hoosac tunnel, and other State projects. 
Later, he served as a representative in 
the Forty-fifth and Forty-sixth Con- 
gresses (1877-83). in the first of which he 
was a member of the committee of the 
District of Columbia, which reported sub- 
stantially the present government of the 
district, that has proved of inestimable 
value to the people of Washington and 
the country. He was one of the original 
founders of the Massachusetts Club, 
organized in 1855, which celebrated his 
seventieth birthday in March, 1888, at 
which time he was its president. He was 
a prominent member of the Methodist 
church. 

In 1 841 he married Miss Harding, of 
Milford, Massachusetts, who died in 1842, 
after bearing him a daughter. In 1845 he 
married Miss Davenport, of Hopkinton, 
Massachusetts, daughter of S. D. Daven- 
port. He died at Newton, Massachusetts, 
January 5, 1905. 



BALL, Thomas, 

Famous Sculptor. 

Thomas Ball was born at Charlestown, 

Massachusetts, June 3, 1819, son of 

Thomas and Elizabeth (Hall) Ball. He 

attended the Mayhew school in Boston, 

■ but the death of his father in 1831 cut 



short his education, and he apprenticed 
himself to a wood-engraving company. 
Before the expiration of the first year of 
his service he began to study portrait 
painting, his first productions being 
miniatures in oil ; and he also painted 
same life-sized portraits, that of his 
mother gaining the first prize at an 
exhibition of the Boston Mechanics' As- 
sociation. During this time he was a 
member of the Handel and Haydn So- 
ciety, frequently appearing as a soloist 
in their concerts, and in 1851 the society 
presented him with a vratch and a purse 
containing one hundred dollars in gold, as 
"a tribute to his vocal merits." The first 
of his more ambitious paintings, "Christ 
in the Temple with the Doctors," was 
exhibited at the Baltimore Academy, and 
gained him an honorary membership, 
and also a medal at an exhibition at 
Washington. This subject was pur- 
chased by the American Art Union, as 
was also his "King Lear." 

He now decided to devote himself to 
sculpture. Almost his first work in clay, 
the head of Jenny Lind, the famous 
Swedish songstress, was an acknowledged 
success, and his cabinet busts became 
popular. His first life-sized bust was 
that of Daniel Webster, which he finished 
just before the death of that statesman. 
This creation produced a great sensation, 
and Ames and Harding both painted their' 
celebrated portraits from it. In October, 
1854, he married Nellie Wild, of Boston, 
and with his bride visited Florence, Italy, 
where his first public order was executed, 
"The Signing of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence," after Trumbull's painting, for 
one of the panels of Greenough's statue 
of Franklin ; and in 1885 he also produced 
his "Shipwrecked Sailor-boy," a bust of 
Napoleon, a statuette of Washington 
Allston, and a figure of Pandora. In 1856 
he returned to Boston, where he modelled 
his second panel for the Franklin statue. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



"The Signing of the Treaty of Peace in 
Paris." Among his busts are those of 
Henry Clay, Rufus Choate, Dr. Peabody, 
William H. Prescott, Henry Ward 
Beecher ; and President Lord, of Dart- 
mouth, and that institution conferred 
upon Mr. Ball the degree of A. M. In 
1859 he received the order for his eques- 
trian statue of Washington, in Boston. 
In 1865, on the occasion of his return to 
Florence, Mr. Ball was presented with a 
purse of fifteen hundred dollars by the 
King's Chapel congregation, Boston, he 
having sung as basso in the quartette 
choir of that house of worship for fifteen 
years. In 1866 he executed a statue of 
Edwin Forrest as "Coriolanus" for Phil- 
adelphia, and in 1867 his "Eve Stepping 
into Life," and "La Petite Pensee." In 

1873 he revisited America, and received 
the commission for the marble statue of 
Governor John A. Andrew for the State 
House in Boston. After this came 
"Love's Memories," and "St. John, the 
Evangelist," which Hiram, Powers con- 
sidered Mr. Ball's best work. During 

1874 he modelled the emancipation group 
for the city of Washington, and in 1875- 
76 he completed a duplicate of the group 
for Boston, as well as the colossal statue 
of Daniel Webster for Central Park, New 
York, erected at a cost of sixty thousand 
dollars. His next work was a statue of 
Charles Sumner, and the School street 
(Boston) statue of Josiah Quincy. He 
next modelled a small group represent- 
ing Thomas Jefferson presenting to John 
Adams the draft of the Declaration of 
Independence, and a figure of the Christ 
with a little child, which was very highly 
approved by the Italian sculptor, Dupre. 
In 1882 he produced his "Paul Revere's 
Ride." In 1883 he again visited America, 
where he modelled busts of Hon. Mar- 
shall Jewell and Phineas T. Barnum. He 
returned to Florence a few months later, 
and employed himself during the next 



two years in producing ideal medallions 
and portrait-busts, and in modelling small 
statues of Lincoln and Garfield. In 1885 
he modelled the statue of Daniel Webster, 
presented to Concord, New Hampshire, 
by B. P. Cheney, and unveiled in that 
city June 17, 1S86. His next work was 
the "David," which he modelled in the 
winter of 1S85-86, and afterwards put 
into marble for Edward F. Searles, of 
Great Barrington. In the autumn of 1886 
he completed the large statue of Phineas 
T. Barnum. In 1889, when the sculptor 
was visiting Boston, Mr. Searles gave 
him the commission for his colossal 
statue of Washington for the town of 
Methuen, Massachusetts. The children 
figures at the feet of the statue represent 
the sculptor's grandsons. Mr. Ball pub- 
lished in 1891, an autobiography entitled, 
"Aly Three-Score Years and Ten," and 
numerous lyrics and minor poems. In 
1905 he resumed his palette, to complete 
a painting, "Christ in the House of 
Martha and Mary." begun in 1853, and 
which he had laid aside when he took up 
sculpture. In his later years he main- 
tained a studio in New York City, and 
resided in Montclair, New Jersey. He 
died December 11, 191 1. 



EDDY, Mary M. B. G., 

Fonnder of Christian Science. 

Mary M. Baker Glover Eddy, founder 
of the Church of Christ (Scientist), was 
born at Bow, New Hampshire, July 21, 
1821, and died December 3, 1910, daugh- 
ter of Mark and Abigail B. (Ambrose) 
Baker, of Scotch and English descent. 
Among her ancestors were General John 
MacNeil, of battle of Lundy's Lane fame ; 
General Henry Knox, distinguished Revo- 
lutionary officer : and Captain John Love- 
well, active in the Indian troubles. 

As a child she was delicate in health, 
and was educated privately, and at the 



10 



4' 




.^^c^^^^y^^^c^,^^^^^^ 



the; ne^' 
I PUBLIC UP 



. ASTOW, LENOX ".ND 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Ipswich (New Hampshire) Seminary. 
She was said to be in advance of others 
of her age ; was versed in Latin, Greek, 
Hebrew and French; and delighted in 
abstruse and metaphysical studies, her 
favorite subjects being natural philosophy 
and physical and moral science. Her 
parents removed to Tilton, New Hamp- 
shire, where at the age of twelve she was 
received into the Congregational church, 
to which she remained devoted until she 
organized the Church of Christ (Scien- 
tist). Mrs. Eddy was a confirmed invalid 
for a number of years of her early life, 
and in October, 1862, she went to Port- 
land, Maine, to consult with Dr. Phineas 
P. Quimby, who was treating disease by 
mental methods, and by which she was 
greatly benefited ; and, as a result, a 
friendship sprang up between the two 
which continued until the death of Dr. 
Quimby in 1866. 

In 1867 Mrs. Eddy formulated her doc- 
trines of Christian science, and began to 
teach "The Science of Mind Healing" — 
that mind is divine ; mind is all ; that 
sin and sickness are delusions of "mortal 
mind." The treatment consists in the 
assertion that sickness is not a reality, 
but only a "belief," and the acceptance of 
this view by the patient is the cure sought 
for. Christian Science proclaims the un- 
realty of matter and of the body, while 
mental science, the philosophy of Dr. 
Quimby, admits the validity of the body 
as veritable expression, but recognizes its 
susceptibility to mental influence. In 
1870 Mrs. Eddy published her first work, 
"The Science of Man," which was after- 
wards incorporated in "Science and 
Health, with Key to the Scriptures" 
(1875). This book is the textbook of the 
organization, and is the foundation of its 
theory and practice. It has passed 
through more than a hundred editions, 
having been frequently revised, and it is 



read in conjunction with the Bible at the 
Sunday services in every Christian 
Science church in the United States and 
in many foreign countries. She labored 
incessantly for many years, performing 
many seemingly miraculous cures, and 
making no charge until necessity obliged 
her to limit the countless calls made upon 
her. In 1876 Mrs. Eddy organized the 
first Christian Science Association. In 
1881 she received a charter from the Mas- 
sachusetts Legislature for the Metaphy- 
sical College of Boston, of which she be- 
came the president. The students' course 
of study here comprised twelve lessons in 
about three weeks, for which they were 
charged $300. The college was closed in 
1889, having numbered about four thous- 
and students on its rolls. She was 
ordained a minister of the Gospel in 1879, 
and received a charter for the "Church 
of Christ, Scientist," the same year. The 
church was organized in Boston, and she 
became its pastor. Previously she had 
received a call to a Boston pulpit, and 
filled it with great acceptance. Her work 
had now increased so rapidly that most 
of the prominent cities and towns in the 
United States had a Christian Science 
society, or one or two Christian Science 
churches holding religious services, and 
the movement spread to other countries. 
In 1892 Mrs. Eddy donated a lot of land 
in Boston valued at $20,000, to an incor- 
porated body called the "Christian 
Science Board of Directors," upon which 
was erected in 1894 a church edifice 
known as "The Mother Church," at a 
cost of $200,000. and of which she was 
pastor, and later became pastor emeritus. 
She presented to the Christian Science 
Church at Concord, New Hampshire, 
(her place of residence), a church edifice 
costing $200,000. She originated a form 
of church government without creed, 
liberal, and aiming to be universal, to 



II 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



promote the brotherhood of man, to have 
one God (one Mind), one faith, one bap- 
tism. The tenets of this church are: 

First: As adherents of Truth we take the 
Scriptures for our guide to eternal life. Sec- 
ond: We acknowledge and adore one Supreme 
God. We acknowledge His Son, the Holy 
Ghost, and Man in His image and likeness. We 
acknowledge God's forgiveness of sin in the 
destruction of sin, and His present and future 
punishment of "whatsoever worketh abomina- 
tion or maketh a lie." We acknowledge the 
atonement of Christ as the efficacy of Truth 
and Love, and the way of salvation as demon- 
strated by Jesus; casting out evils, healing the 
sick and raising the dead — resurrecting a dead 
faith to seize the great possibilities and living 
energies of the divine Life. Third: We solemnly 
promise to strive, watch, and pray for that 
Mind to be in us which was also in Christ 
Jesus; to love the brethren, and up to our high- 
est understanding to be meek, merciful, and 
just, and live peaceably with all men. 

Mrs. Eddy writes in "Science and 
Health:" 

No analogy exists between the hypotheses of 
agnosticism, pantheism, theosophy, or spiritual- 
ism, and the demonstrable truths of Christian 
Science. Electro-magnetism, hypnotism, and 
mesmerism are the antipodes of Christian 
Science. .•\s a result of Christian Science, 
ethics and temperance have received an im- 
pulse, health has been restored, and longevity 
increased. If such are the present fruits, what 
may not the harvest be, when this Science is 
better understood? Medical theories virtually 
admit the nothingness of hallucinations, even 
while treating them as disease. Ought we not, 
then, to approve any cure effected by making 
the disease appear a delusion or error? It is 
not generally understood how one disease is as 
much a delusion as another. But Jesus estab- 
lished this foundational fact, when Truth cast 
out devils and the dumb spake. 

Mrs. Eddy established the first period- 
ical in Christian Science, "The Christian 
Science" Journal," in 1883, and gave it to 
the National Christian Science Asso- 
ciation in 1889. whose official organ it 
became, and of which she was editor for 



several years. In 1898 she founded the 
"Christian Science Sentinel," and in 1902 
"Der Harold der Christian Science." She 
founded every leading organization of the 
movement in the last quarter-century of 
the history of Christian Science. The 
National Christian Scientists' Association 
has a large membership. In 1889 Mrs. 
Eddy was invited to become a member of 
the Victoria Philosophical Institute of 
London, England, and was made a life 
member. She was awarded a grand prize 
and a diploma of honor by the French 
government, as the founder of "Christian 
Sciences," and also received decoration 
as an Officier d' Academie. Mrs. Eddy 
made a home on Commonwealth avenue, 
Boston, Massachusetts, and also at 
Pleasant View, Concord, New Hampshire. 
She was an exceedingly busy woman, the 
most of her time being devoted to the 
propagation of the science which she had 
established. Mrs. Eddy, in "Science and 
Health," says : "I have set forth Chris- 
tian Science, and its application to the 
treatment of disease, only as I have dis- 
covered them. I have demonstrated the 
effects of truth on the health, longevity, 
and morals of men, through mind ; and I 
have found nothing in ancient or in 
modern systems on which to found my 
own except the teachings and demonstra- 
tions of our great Master and the lives 
of prophets and apostles." Mrs. Eddy's 
published works are as follows : "Science 
and Health, with Key to the Scriptures" 
(1875, and many later editions) ; "Chris- 
tian Healing" (1886) ; "People's Idea of 
God" (1886); "Unity of Good" (1891) ; 
"Rudimental Divine Science" (i8gi) ; 
Retrospection and Introspection" (1892) ; 
Communion Hymn, Feed My Sheep, Mis- 
cellaneous Writings" (1896) ; "Christ and 
Christmas" (1897); "Pulpit and Press" 
(1898) ; "Christian Science versus Pan- 
theism" (1898) ; "Message to the Mother 



12 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Church" (1900) ; "Our Leader's Message" 
(1901) ; "Truth versus Error" (1905). 

She was first married, December 12, 
1843, to George Washington Glover, an 
architect, of Wilmington, North Caro- 
lina, who died suddenly of cholera in May 
of the following year. She then returned 
to New England, and fourteen years later 
she was married to a Dr. Patterson, a 
dentist, of Franklin, New Hampshire, 
from whom she was divorced in 1865. In 
1877 she was married to Asa G. Eddy, of 
Lynn, Massachusetts, who died suddenly 
in 1882. She had one son by her first 
husband. 



DODGE, Thomas H., 

Iiaivyer, Inventor, Philanthropist. 

Thomas H. Dodge, a man of versatile 
and most useful talents, was born at 
Eden, Lamoille county, Vermont, Sep- 
tember 27, 1823, and died February 19, 
1910. 

He attended the public schools of Eden 
and Lowell, Vermont, and Nashua, New 
Hampshire, and completed his education 
by taking special courses in the Literary 
Institute of Nashua, New Hampshire, and 
the Gymnasium Institute of Pembroke, 
New Hampshire. He then entered a 
cloth manufactory, and made a mastery 
of the business. At the same time he 
gave evidence of considerable mechanical 
ability, and made several practical inven- 
tions of great utility, including a printing 
press for printing from a continuous roll 
of paper; and an improvement to the 
hinge-bar mowing machine, which came 
to be used throughout the civilized world, 
saving, as has been estimated, the labor 
of two million men every haying season. 
During this same period he wrote and 
published a work entitled "A Review of 
the Rise and Progress and Present Im- 
portance of the Cotton Manufactures of 
the United States." Meantime, among 



other studies, he had given t-ttcntiou to 
the law, and from 1851 to 1854 he devoted 
himself entirely to its study, under the 
direction of able instructors who were 
practitioners at the local bar, and in due 
time he was admitted to practice and 
engaged in professional business in 
Nashua, New Hampshire. He had, how- 
ever, barely entered upon practice when 
he was appointed to a position in the 
examining department of the United 
States Patent Office in Washington City, 
and subsequently became examiner and 
chairman of the board of appeals. As an 
incident of his life at this period, while 
giving full attention to his professional 
duties, his observance of the embarrass- 
ment frequently arising from want of 
system in the Post Office Department in 
return to writers of uncalled-for letters, 
he devised a plan, of which on August 8, 
1856, he submitted to Postmaster-General 
James Campbell a written detailed state- 
ment. For a long time this was either 
ignored or opposed by department offi- 
cials and many members of Congress, but 
eventually found adoption, in practically 
the form observed at the present time. 
In 1858 Mr. Dodge resigned his position 
in the Patent Office to engage in the 
practice of patent law, was admitted to 
practice in the Supreme Court of the 
United States, soon took rank among the 
first patent lawyers in the country. 

In 1864 Mr. Dodge took up his resi- 
dence in Worcester, Massachusetts, 
where, in addition to caring for an im- 
portant patent law practice, he became 
interested in various large manufacturing 
enterprises. He also came to be esteemed 
as a most public-spirited citizen, and 
liberally supporting its churches and 
other institutions. The Natural History 
Society was one of his principal bene- 
ficiaries. To the city of Worcester he 
gave a beautiful and valuable thirteen 
acre grove tract of land, known as Dodge 



13 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Park ; and, although not a member of the 
Order of Odd Fellows, he presented to it 
ten acres of land in the city of Worcester 
as a site for the Massachusetts Odd Fel- 
lows' Home, and upon which was subse- 
quently erected the imposing edifice 
known by that name. His death was 
regretted by the entire community. 



LOWELL, John, 

Itavryer, Jurist. 

John Lowell was born in Boston, Mas- 
sachusetts, October i8, 1824, son of John 
Amory and Susan (Cabot) Lowell. He 
was a grandson of John Lowell, author 
(1769-1840) ; a great-grandson of John 
Lowell, statesman (1743-1802), and 
cousin of James Russell Lowell, the poet. 

His early education was received at 
Ingraham's private school in Boston, and 
later he entered Harvard College, where 
he was graduated in 1843. He studied 
law in the ofifice of the Lorings, in Boston, 
and was admitted to the bar in 1846. 
Engaging in the practice of his profession 
in Boston, he was thus occupied there 
until March 11, 1865, when he was 
appointed by President Lincoln United 
States District Judge for the District of 
Massachusetts, the same court over 
which his great-grandfather was the first 
judge to preside, being appointed by 
Washington. On December 18, 1879, he 
received an appointment to the bench 
of the United States Circuit Court, which 
office he held until his resignation, May 
I, 1884. He gained special prominence as 
an authority on the law relating to bank- 
ruptcy, patents and admiralty, and pre- 
pared the draft of a bankruptcy bill 
which was introduced into Congress in 
1882. The Woodbury patent case was 
decided by him, involving interests of 
nearly $40,000,000. His decisions have 
been published in two volumes (1877), 
and he also wrote a treatise on the law 



of bankruptcy, published in 1899, after 
his death. After his retirement from the 
bench he engaged in private practice, and 
at the time of his death was serving as 
chairman of the State Commission on 
revision of the taxation laws. 

Judge Lowell was married, in Boston, 
Massachusetts, May 18, 1853, to Lucy B., 
daughter of George B. and Olivia (Buck- 
minster) Emerson. He died at Brookline, 
Massachusetts, May 14, 1897, survived by 
two sons, John and James A. Lowell, 
both lawyers, of Boston. 



WESSON, Daniel Baird, 

Mannfactnrer, Inventor. 

Daniel Baird Wesson was born in 
Worcester, Massachusetts, May i, 1825, 
son of Rufus and Betsey (Baird) Wesson. 
His earliest American ancestors came 
from England and settled in New Hamp- 
shire about 171 1. His father was an 
early manufacturer of wooden plows, and 
subsequently a farmer. 

Young Wesson was educated in the 
public and high schools of his native city, 
and at the age of eighteen entered the 
shoe factory of his brothers, Rufus and 
Martin W'esson. Finding this business 
distasteful, he apprenticed himself to his 
oldest brother Edwin, a rifle manufac- 
turer at Northboro. After having served 
a three year apprenticeship, he remained 
in his brother's employ, subsequently re- 
moving with him to Hartford, Connec- 
ticut, where he became superintendent 
and later a partner in the business. 

Upon the death of his brother, Daniel 
B. Wesson, he formed a partnership with 
Thomas Warner, a master armorer, of 
Worcester, also becoming interested in his 
brother Frank's gun factory near Graf- 
ton. Mr. Wesson later removed to 
Charlestown. Massachusetts, to become 
superintendent of the Leonard Pistol 
Manufacturing Company, but when that 



14 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



establishment removed to Windsor, Ver- 
mont, he entered the employ of Allen & 
Luther. He devoted his evenings to 
mechanical study, and invented a practical 
cartridge with percussion cap combined. 
At this time he became identified w^ith 
Cortland Palmer, of New York, inventor 
of an improved bullet, and, while study- 
ing this invention, Mr. Wesson made an 
improvement upon it for which he 
received a patent. This improvement 
was the addition of a steel disk upon 
which the hammer could explode the ful- 
minate, thus doing away with the primer. 
In 1853 ^^ formed a partnership with 
Horace Smith, at Norwich, Connecticut, 
and there worked out the principles of the 
firearm now called the Winchester rifle. 
Disposing of their patents to the Volcanic 
Arms Company, Mr. Smith retired from 
the business in 1855. Mr. Wesson then 
became superintendent of the Volcanic 
Arms Company (to which the Winchester 
Arms Company subsequently succeeded) 
and under its auspices he first put into 
use the practical self-primed metallic 
cartridge used during the Civil War. 
Aho about this time he succeeded in per- 
fecting a revolver, the principal feature 
of which was that the chambers ran 
entirely through the cylinder. Upon the 
reorganization of the Volcanic Arms 
Company, Mr. Wesson resigned, and in 
1856 entered into business with Mr. Smith 
in Springfield, Massachusetts, where they 
began manufacturing Mr. Wesson's new 
invention with a force of twenty-five 
workmen. In i860 the firm built a factory 
employing six hundred workmen, and 
during the Civil War supplied the United 
States government with many thousand 
small arms for both infantry and cavalry. 
Ten years later they received a contract 
to supply the Russian government with 
two hundred thousand rifles, which took 
them four years to fill. Mr. Smith retired 
from the business in 1873, but it was still 



continued under the old firm name of 
Smith & W^esson. Mr. Wesson invented 
a number of improvements, the most 
important being the automatic cartridge- 
shell extractor and the self-lubricating 
cartridge. He also introduced the ham- 
merless safety revolver, the hammer being 
placed entirely within the lock-frame, and 
the trigger being so set it could not be 
pulled except at the time of firing, thus 
obviating the possibility of accidental dis- 
charge. In 1883-87 Mr. Wesson's sons, 
Walter H. and Joseph H. Wesson, were 
taken into partnership. Mr. Wesson was 
president of the Cheney-Bigelow Wire 
Works, and a founder of the First Na- 
tional Bank of Springfield, of which he 
later became a director. 

He was married to Cynthia M., daugh- 
ter of Luther Harris, of Northboro, Mas- 
sachusetts, and had four children. He 
died at Springfield, Massachusetts, Au- 
gust 5, 1906. 



ENDICOTT, William Crowninshield, 
Lander, Jnrist, Cabinet Officer. 

William Crowninshield Endicott was 
born in Salem, Massachusetts, November 
19, 1826, son of William Putnam and 
Mary (Crowninshield) Endicott. He 
was descended directly from Governor 
John Endicott, who came to Salem in 
1628, and on his mother's side was a 
grandson of the Hon. Jacob Crownin- 
shield, who was a well known member of 
Congress in the early part of the last 
century. 

Mr. Endicott was educated at the 
Salem schools, and in 1843 entered 
Harvard College, from which he was 
graduated in 1847, the year in which he 
attained his majority. Soon after gradu- 
ating he studied law in the office of Na- 
thaniel J. Lord, then the leading member 
of the Essex county bar, and in the Har- 
vard Law School at Cambridge. He was 



IS 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



called to the bar in 1850, and entered 
upon the practice of law in Salem in 1851. 
He was a member of the Common Council 
of Salem in 1852. In 1853 he entered into 
a law partnership with Jairus W. Perry 
(then well known throughout the coun- 
try as the author of "Perry on Trusts") 
under the firm of Perry & Endicott. 
From 1857 to 1864 he was solicitor of the 
city of Salem. In 1873, after nearly 
twenty years of an active and leading 
practice at the Essex county bar although 
a Democrat, Mr. Endicott was appointed 
by a Republican Governor, William B. 
Washburn, as Associate Justice of the 
Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts, 
which position he held until the autumn 
of 1882, when he resigned, and then spent 
a year or more in Europe. In 1884 he 
was the Democratic candidate for Gov- 
ernor of Massachusetts, and was defeated. 
In 1885 he became Secretary of War of 
the United States in President Cleveland's 
administration, and held office through- 
out Mr. Cleveland's term. Mr. Endicott 
was president of the Peabody Academy of 
Science in Salem, which position he held 
from 1868. and was a member of the 
corporation of Harvard, and one of the 
trustees of the Peabody Education Fund. 
He was married, December 13, 1859, to 
Ellen, daughter of the late George Pea- 
body, of Salem, and had a son and daugh- 
ter. He died May 6, 1900. 



CLARKE, Thomas C, 

Civil Engineer. 

Thomas Curtis Clarke was born at 
Newton, Massachusetts, September 6, 
1827, son of Samuel and Rebecca Parker 
(Hull) Clarke, a brother of Rev. James 
Freeman Clarke, of Boston, Massachu- 
setts, and sixth in direct descent from 
Thomas Clarke, mate of the "Mayflower," 
born in 1599. 

He was educated at the Boston Latin 



School and at Harvard College, from 
which he was graduated in 1848, and 
being the class poet. He studied hydraulic 
engineering under George R. Baldwin, of 
Woburn ; architecture under Edward 
Cabot, of Boston ; and railroad engineer- 
ing under Captain John Childe, of the 
United States Engineers. He was for 
twelve years engaged in a variety of 
railroad work — in Alabama, on the 
Mobile & Ohio railroad ; in Canada, as a 
resident engineer of the Great Western 
railway ; in Hamilton, on the Port Hope 
& Peterboro railway ; on the government 
survey of the Ottawa river, and the erec- 
tion of government buildings in Ottawa. 
He practiced as civil engineer for fifty 
years, his specialty being bridge engineer- 
ing. One of his earliest bridges was that 
over the Mississippi river at Quincy, Illi- 
nois, built in fifteen months for the Bur- 
lington railroad. His strong point at this 
time was foundation and mason work, and 
he was one of the first American engi- 
neers to use concrete on a large scale. 
After the completion of the Quincy bridge 
he formed the firm of Clarke, Reeves & 
Company, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 
which becam.e one of the leading bridge 
concerns in the United States, having con- 
structed over one hundred miles of 
bridges and viaducts, among which the 
most noted are the Girard avenue bridge 
of Philadelphia, and the great Kinzua 
viaduct on the Erie railway in Pennsyl- 
vania, 310 feet high. He was one of the 
original members of the Union Bridge 
Company, which in a short time after its 
formation in 1884 became one of the larg- 
est bridge building concerns in the world. 
In 1888 he built the Poughkeepsie bridge 
over the Hudson river, and in 1890 the 
famous Hawkesbury bridge in New South 
Wales, Australia, the first bridge that 
was built abroad by Americans. After 
his withdrawal from the Union Bridge 
Company he continued to practice as con- 



16 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



suiting and designing engineer, being 
employed by the city of New York on the 
Third avenue and Willis avenue bridges 
over the Harlem river. He was a member 
of the British Institution of Civil Engi- 
neers, from which he received the Tel- 
ford medal and premium ; the American 
Society of Civil Engineers, of which he 
was president in 1896-97 ; the Century 
Association, and the American Philo- 
sophical Society. Mr. Clarke's profes- 
sional work was marked b}' breadth and 
solidity of learning, fine intelligence, and 
the most scrupulous care and fidelity. His 
capacity for sustained application was 
extraordinary, and was maintained to the 
end of his life. 

He was married. May 7, 1857, ^^i Susan 
H., daughter of John D. Smith, of Port 
Hope, Canada, and had three sons and 
three daughters. He died in New York 
City, June 15, 1901. 



sides holding several offices in medical 
societies. He was a member of the State 
Board of Health, Lunacy and Charity 
from 1879 until his death. He received 
the honorary degree of LL. D. from Am- 
herst in 1899. He is the principal author 
of "Anatomy and Physiology" (1852), 
and the author of numerous pamphlets on 
anthropometry and physical culture. 

He was married, in 1854, to Mary, 
daughter of David Judson, of Bridgeport, 
Connecticut. He died February 15, 191 1. 



HITCHCOCK, Edward, 

Educator. 

Edward Hitchcock was born in Am- 
herst, Massachusetts, May 23, 182S, son 
of the Rev. Edward and Orra (White) 
Hitchcock, and grandson of Justin and 
Mere}' (Hoyt) Hitchcock and of Jarib 
White, of Amherst. 

He was prepared for college at Willis- 
ton Seminary, and was graduated from 
Amherst College in 1849, 'I'ld from the 
Harvard Medical School in 1853. He was 
teacher of chemistry and natural history 
in Williston Seminary, 1853-61, and Pro- 
fessor of Hygiene and Physical Education 
at Amherst from 1861 until his death. 
He aided his father in the State geological 
survey of Vermont in 1861, and in the 
preparation of the report. He was elected 
a trustee of Mount Holyoke College and 
of Clark Institute for the Blind, and was 
president of the American Association for 
the Advancement of Physical Culture, be- 
MASS-Voi 111-2 17 



HOSMER, Harriet G., 

Accomplisliecl Sculptor. 

Harriet Goodhue Hosmer, the fore- 
most woman sculptor of her day, was 
born at Watertown, Massachusetts, Octo- 
ber 9, 1830, daughter of Dr. Hiram and 
Sarah Watson (Grant) Hosmer, and 
granddaughter of Governor Grant, of 
Walpole, New Hampshire. 

Delicate in her childhood, she was early 
encouraged in a course of physical train- 
ing, and she became an expert in rowing, 
skating and riding. She received her 
literary education at Lenox, Massachu- 
setts, where she carried out an early pro- 
pensity to model in clay, and studied art 
under Stevenson. To further qualify her- 
self for the profession she had chosen, she 
took a course of anatomical instruction 
in the St. Louis (Missouri) Medical Col- 
lege. She travelled alone through the far 
west, visiting the Dakota Indians and 
ascending a steep cliff on the Mississippi 
river, which was thereafter called "Mount 
Hosmer," and now forms a part of the 
town of Lansing, Iowa. On returning to 
the east she took lessons in modelling in 
Boston, and practiced the art at home. 
She made a reduced copy of Canova's 
"Napoleon," and followed it with "Hes- 
per," an ideal head, exhibited in Boston 
in 1852. AVith her father she visited 
Rome in November, 1852, and studied 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and worked in the studio of John Gibson, 
the English sculptor. Here she copied 
from the antique, and executed ideal 
busts of "Daphne" and "Medusa,'- which 
were well received by art critics. In 1855 
she completed "Oenone," her first life- 
size figure. Her statue of "Puck,"' mod- 
elled in the summer of 1855, established 
her reputation at home, and she was 
favored with orders for at least thirty 
copies. She followed it with "Will-o-the- 
Wisp," a companion figure. She com- 
pleted "Beatrice Cenci," a reclining 
figure, for the St. Louis Public Library in 

1857, and a monument placed in the 
church of San Andrea del Prate, Rome, in 

1858. She completed her "Zenobia,'' a 
superb colossal statue in 1859, after two 
years of assiduous labor. This was suc- 
ceeded by her statue of Senator Thomas 
H. Benton, that was cast in bronze, and 
placed in Lafayette Park, St. Louis, Mis- 
souri. Her "Sleeping Fawn" was ex- 
hibited at Dublin, Ireland, in 1865, and at 
Paris in 1867, and was eight times 
repeated. She also executed a companion 
piece, the "Waking Fawn." She executed 
two fountains, a Siren and Cupids, which 
were purchased by Earl Brownlow, of 
England ; and twin fountains of a Triton 
and Mermaid's cradle for Louisa, Lady 
Ashburton ; two statues for the Prince of 
Wales ; a statue of the Queen of Naples 
as the "Heroine of Gaeta ;" a monument 
to Abraham Lincoln, and a gateway to an 
art gallery in England. She had a faculty 
for designing and constructing machinery, 
and devised the expedient of coating a 
rough plaster cast with wax and working 
out the finer details in that substance. 
She did all her work in Rome. In 1894 
she presented to the Art Museum of 
Chicago, Illinois, a cast of the clasped 
hands of Robert and Elizabeth Barrett 
Browning, made in 1853, and for which 
she had refused $5,000 in England. Her 
home was in Cambridge, Massachusetts. 
She died February 21, 1908. 



CHAMBERLAIN, Daniel H., 

Lawyer, Jurist, Litterateur. 

Daniel Henry Chamberlain, jurist, and 
forty-seventh Governor of South Caro- 
lina (1874-76), was born in West Brook- 
field, Worcester county, Massachusetts, 
June 23, 1835, son of Eli and Achsah 
(Forbes) Chamberlain, and descendant of 
William Chamberlain, who settled in 
Billerica, Massachusetts, in 1765. 

His early life was passed in work on 
his father's farm and in attendance in the 
common schools of his native town. In 
1849-50 he spent a few months at the 
Amherst (Massachusetts) Academy, and 
in 1854 passed part of a year at Phillips 
Academy, Andover, Massachusetts, teach- 
ing school each winter during 1852-56. 
He then entered the high school in Wor- 
cester, Massachusetts, where he com- 
pleted his preparation for college ; but 
being without sufficient means to go on, 
he remained a year as teacher in the same 
school, and in 1859 entered Yale College, 
from which he was graduated three years 
later with the highest honors in oratory 
and English composition. Upon the com- 
pletion of his college course he entered the 
Harvard Law School, but remained there 
only until the fall of 1863, when he could 
no longer resist the duty of entering the 
army. He received a commission as lieu- 
tenant in the Fifth Massachusetts Cavalry 
Regiment, a regiment of colored volun- 
teers, and served until the close of the 
Civil War. 

After the war he located in South Caro- 
lina, and in the fall of 1867 was chosen a 
member of the constitutional convention 
called under the Reconstruction Acts, and 
in January, 1868. took his seat in that 
body, and served upon its judiciary com- 
mittee and as an influential member in all 
its deliberations. He so acquitted himself 
in these duties that all the friends of the 
new constitution desired him to be one of 
the State officers who were to establish in 



18 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



practical operation the new organization 
of government. The office of Attorney- 
General being in the line of his profes- 
sion, was the only one he would consent 
to take, and to this he was chosen, holding 
it for four years continuously. He was 
elected Governor of South Carolina in 
1874, and served until April, 1877. In the 
election of 1876, although he had been 
ardently supported by the Democratic 
party of the State from the moment of his 
advent as Governor, the same party bit- 
terly and violently opposed his reelection, 
on the alleged ground of his obnoxious 
associates and supporters. The result of 
the election was contested, and Governor 
Chamberlain held his office until a month 
after the inauguration of President Hayes, 
whereupon, after the removal of the 
troops which had been stationed at Co- 
lumbia for the support of the Governor, 
he withdrew from the office. 

Removing to New York City, Governor 
Chamberlain resumed the practice of his 
profession. In 1899, on the foundation of 
the Law School of Cornell University, he 
became non-resident Professor of Amer- 
ican Constitutional Law. He was a fre- 
quent contributor to leading periodicals, 
such as the "North American Review," 
"Harvard Law Review," "Yale Law 
Journal," "New Englander," "Yale Re- 
view," "American Law Review," and 
"American Historical Review." His mis- 
cellaneous writings and addresses include 
"Relation of Federal and State Judiciary," 
"Constitutional History as Seen in Amer- 
ican Law," "Tariff Aspects with Some 
Special Reference to Wages," "Limita- 
tions of Freedom," "Imperialism," and 
many more on similar topics. He received 
the degree of LL. D. from Harvard Col- 
lege in 1864; that of M. A. from Yale Col- 
lege in 1867 ; and that of LL. D. from the 
University of South Carolina in 1872. 
Mr. Chamberlain was a member of the 
American Social Science Association, the 



National Civil Service League, the Amer- 
ican Archaeological Institute, and of 
several other scientific and social asso- 
ciations. 

He was married at Washington, Dis- 
trict of Columbia, December 16, 1869, to 
Alice, daughter of George W. Ingersoll, 
of Bangor, Maine. He died April 13, 
1907. 



SCUDDER, Samuel H., 

Scientist, Author. 

Samuel Hubbard Scudder, a pupil of 
Louis Agassiz and an accomplished 
naturalist, was born in Boston, Massa- 
chusetts, April 13, 1837, son of Charles 
and Sarah Lathrop (Coit) Scudder, and 
a brother of the Rev. David Coit Scudder, 
a Congregational minister who died a 
missionary in India, and of Horace Elisha 
Scudder, a well-known author, and one of 
the editors of the "Atlantic Monthly.'- 

He was graduated from Williams Col- 
lege in 1857, and from the Lawrence 
Scientific School of Harvard College in 
1862. He was strongly attracted to the 
work done in the Museum of Comparative 
Zoology, and became an assistant to Louis 
Agassiz, remaining in that position until 
1864. During the years from 1862 to 
1870 he was also secretary of the Boston 
Society of Natural History, its custodian 
from 1864 to 1870, and its president from 
1880 to 1887. In 1879 he was appointed 
assistant librarian of Harvard College, 
remaining until 1885. The following year 
he becam,e paleonotologist of the United 
States Geological Survey in the division 
of fossil insects. He was a member of 
many scientific societies ; was chairman 
of the section on natural history of the 
American Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science in 1874, and elected 
general secretary of the association in 
1875 ■ accepted the office of librarian of 
the American Academy of Arts and 



19 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGR/\PHY 



Sciences in 1877, remaining until 1885; 
and in 1877 was elected a member 
of the National Academy of Sciences. 
Mr. Scudder made a specialty of ento- 
mology, and as an authority on butter- 
flies and fossil insects was without a 
superior, the insects of New Hampshire 
were reported upon by him officially. The 
specimens collected by the Yellowstone 
expedition in 1873 was submitted to him. 
He also examined and reported on the 
material gathered by the National Geo- 
logical Survey made by Lieutenant 
Wheeler and Dr. Ferdinand V. Hayden, 
and likewise that of the British North 
American Boundary Commission, and the 
Canadian Geological Survey. During 1883- 
85 Mr. Scudder was editor of "Science," 
published in Cambridge, under the shadow 
of Harvard University. His reports on var- 
ious subjects would easily form a library 
by themselves as indicated by his bibli- 
ography, collected by George Dimmock, 
which down to 1880 included more than 
three hundred titles. A list of his most 
important works embraces : "Catalogue 
of the Orthoptera of North America" 
(1868) ; "Entomological Correspondence 
of Thaddeus William Harris"' (Boston, 
1869) ; "Fossil Butterflies" (Salem, 1875) ; 
"Catalogue of Scientific Serials of all 
Countries, including the Transactions of 
Learned Societies in the Natural Physical, 
and Mathematical Sciences, 1633-1876" 
(Cambridge, 1879); "Butterflies; Their 
Structure, Changes, and Life Histories" 
(New York, 1882) ; "Nomenclator Zoolo- 
gicus : An Alphabetical List of all Generic 
Names that have been employed by 
Naturalists for Recent and Fossil 
Animals" (Washington, 1882) ; "Syste- 
matic Review of Our Present Knowledge 
of Fossil Insects" (1886) ; the "Winnipeg 
Country ; or. Roughing it with an Eclipse 
Party, by a Rochester Fellow" (Boston, 
1886) ; "The Fossil Insects of North 
America, with Notes on Some European 



Species" (1890), in two large quarto 
volumes with sixty-three plates. The 
edition was limited to one hundred copies, 
and judged to be the most extensive work 
on fossil insects ever published. 

He married Jeannie Blatchford, of 
Cambridge, Massachusetts. He died May 
II, 1911. 



CAPEN, Elmer H., 

Clergyman, Educator. 

Elmer Hewitt Capen was born in 
Stoughton, Massachusetts, April 5, 1838, 
son of Samuel and Almira (Paul) Capen. 
In 1856 he entered Tufts College, and 
while still an undergraduate he was elect- 
ed from his native town to the Massachu- 
setts Legislature, where he served during 
1859-60, being by some years the young- 
est representative in the house. He was 
graduated with his class from Tufts Col- 
lege in i860, studied law, was admitted 
to the bar in 1864, and practiced one year. 
He then took up theological studies, and 
in 1865 was ordained a minister in the 
Independent Christian Church of Glou- 
cester, Massachusetts, and subsequently 
occupied pulpits in St. Paul, Minnesota, 
and in Providence, Rhode Island. 

In 1875 he resigned pastoral work to 
accept the presidency of Tufts College. 
Under his administration the financial 
resources of the institution were greatly 
augmented, the number of instructors 
increased more than fivefold, the number 
of buildings more than threefold, and 
many beneficial changes were introduced. 
In addition to the work of administration, 
he conducted the department of Political 
Science, and supplied the college pulpit. 
He was president of the New England 
commission on college admission exami- 
nations from its establishment in 18S5. 
He was for twenty years a trustee of the 
LTniversalist General Convention, and 
from 1888 a member of the Massachusetts 



20 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



State Board of Education. He was presi- 
dent of the Citizens' Law and Order 
League, and in 1888 was a delegate to 
the Republican National Convention. 
He contributed to magazines, encyclo- 
pedias and histories, and wrote the article 
on the "Atonement," in the Universalist 
section of the Columbian Congress of 
Religions. He delivered the oration at 
the unveiling of the monument in Boston, 
Massachusetts, to John B. O'Reilly, June 
20, 1896. Mr. Capen died in Medford, 
Massachusetts, March 22, 1905. 



HUDSON, John E., 

Lawyer, Scientist. 

John Elbridge Hudson was born in 
Lynn, Massachusetts, August 3, 1839, son 
of John and Elizabeth C. (Hilliard) 
Hudson, and a descendant of Thomas 
Hudson, who came from England to the 
Massachusetts Bay Colony about 1630. 
Upon the farm of Thomas Hudson, in 
Saugus, Massachusetts, the first iron 
works in the United States were estab- 
lished in 1642. His maternal great-grand- 
father, the Rev. Samuel Hilliard, was a 
Universalist minister, and was a soldier 
of the Revolution, serving at Bunker Hill 
and Bennington. His other maternal 
great-grandfather, the Rev. Dr. Hall, a 
Congregationalist minister at Sutton for 
sixty years, married Elizabeth Prescott, 
daughter of John and Elizabeth Prescott, 
of Concord, Massachusetts. 

John Elbridge Hudson was graduated 
from Harvard College, Bachelor of Arts, 
in 1862 (valedictorian), and was tutor in 
Greek at Harvard, 1862-65. He took the 
Bachelor of Laws degree in 1865, and 
was admitted to the bar in 1866, and 
entered the law office of Chandler, Shat- 
tuck & Thayer, of Boston. In 1870 he 
became a partner in the firm, under the 
style of Chandler, Thayer & Hudson, 
afterward Chandler, Ware & Hudson. 



In 1878 the firm dissolved, and he went 
into practice for himself. In 1880 he be- 
came office counsel for the American Bell 
Telephone Company in Boston ; on June 
25, 1885, he was chosen solicitor and gen- 
eral manager; on November 29, 1886, he 
was chosen director of the company and 
made its vice-president, and on April i, 
1889, he was chosen its president, and 
held this office until his death. He was 
also president of the American Telephone 
and Telegraph Company. He was a fel- 
low of the American Academy of Arts 
and Sciences, and a member of the Amer- 
ican Antiquarian Society, the corpora- 
tion of the Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology, the British Association for 
the Advancement of Science, the New 
England Historic-Genealogical Society, 
of which he was vice-president ; the Colo- 
nial Society of Massachusetts, the Bos- 
tonian Society, the Lynn Historical Soci- 
ety, the American Institute of Electrical 
Engineers, the Bar Association of the 
City of Boston, and the Virginia His- 
torical Society. 

Mr. Hudson contributed to Jaw re- 
views, and with George Fred Williams, 
edited volume 10 of the "United States 
Digest" (1879). The analysis of the law 
as first made in this volume was followed 
in a large number of the digests and 
indexes in general use throughout the 
United States, and became the basis of 
the classification adopted for the Century 
edition of the "American Digest." 

He was married. August 23, 1871, to 
Eunice W., daughter of Wells and Eliza- 
beth (Pickering) Healey, of Hampton 
Falls, New Hampshire. He died at Bev- 
erly, Massachusetts, October i, 1900. 



EMMONS, Samuel P., 

Geologist. 

Samuel Franklin Emmons, geologist, 
was born in Boston, Massachusetts, 
March 29, 1841, son of Nathaniel H. and 



21 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Elizabeth (Wales) Emmons, and a de- 
scendant of Thomas Emmons, of New- 
port, Rhode Island, 1638, and Boston, 
Massachusetts, 1648. 

He prepared for college at the private 
Latin school of Epes S. Dixwell, in Bos- 
ton, Massachusetts, then entering Har- 
vard College, from which he was gradu- 
ated in 1861. In 1861-66 he studied min- 
ing engineering and geology at the ficole 
Imperiale des Mines at Paris, and at the 
Bergakademie, Freiberg, Saxony, and 
subsequently visited various mining dis- 
tricts of France, Germany and Italy. In 
1867-77 he was attached as geologist to 
the United States geological exploration 
of the fortieth parallel under the direc- 
tion of Clarence King. This was de- 
signed to report upon the mineral re- 
sources of the region to be opened up by 
the transcontinental railways then in 
course of construction. A belt of coun- 
try over one hundred miles wide, and 
always including the railway, extending 
across the Cordilleran system from Cali- 
fornia to Nebraska, a distance of nearly 
one thousand miles was mapped topo- 
graphically and geologically, the results 
being published in several quarto vol- 
umes and two large atlases. In the 
course of the work, Mr. Emmons was 
instrumental in exposing the diamond 
swindle of 1872, the "mine" being located 
within the area surveyed, near the junc- 
tion of the boundary lines of Utah, Wyo- 
ming and Colorado. He was engaged in 
cattle ranching in Wyoming in 1877-79, 
and in the latter part of the latter year 
became geologist for the newly organ- 
ized United States Geological Survey, 
which later became a bureau of the In- 
terior Department. In this position, 
which he held until his death, he gave 
special attention to the economic side of 
his profession, or the application of geo- 



logical methods to the development of 
ore deposits. He published geological 
maps and reports on the mining districts 
of Leadville, Ten Mile, Silver CliiT, Gun- 
nison county and the Denver basin in 
Colorado; of Butte, Montana, and super- 
vised similar reports on Aspen, Colo- 
rado; Mercur and Tintic, in Utah, and 
the Black Hills, in South Dakota; and 
contributed many papers to scientific 
journals on the theory of ore deposition, 
the precious metal industry, etc. He was 
a member of the National Academy of 
Sciences, and treasurer from 1902 ; the 
Geological Society of America, and presi- 
dent in 1903 ; the International Congress 
of Geologists, and vice-president; asso- 
ciate fellow of the American Academy of 
Arts and Sciences ; fellow of the London 
Geological Society ; member of the Amer- 
ican Institute of Mining Engineers, and 
vice-president ; the Colorado Academy of 
Sciences; and honorary member of the 
American Philosophical Society, and the 
Helvetique des Science Naturelles. He 
was general secretary of the Fifth Inter- 
national Congress of Geologists, which 
met in Washington, D. C, in 1891. He 
was author of the following works: "De- 
scriptive Geology of the Fortieth Parallel 
Region" (with Arnold Hague) ; "Statis- 
tics and Technology of the Precious 
Metals" (with George F. Becker) ; "Ge- 
ology and Mining Industry of Leadville, 
Colorado;" "Geological Guide Book of 
the Rocky Mountains;" "Geology of 
Lower California;" "Geological Distribu- 
tion of the Useful Metals in the United 
States;" "Progress of the Precious Metal 
Industry in the United States ;" "Geology 
of the Denver Basin in Colorado;" "Ge- 
ology of Government Explorations ;" 
"Theories of One Deposition, Histori- 
cally Considered ;" "Biography of Clar- 
ence King." 



22 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Mr. Emmons was twice married ; his 
first wife was Weltha A. Steeves, who 
died in 1888; his second, Sophie Dallas 
Markoe, who died in 1896. He died 
March 28, 191 1. 



CAPEN, Samuel B., 

Man of Affairs, Philanthropist. 

Samuel Billings Capen was born in Bos- 
ton, Massachusetts, December 12, 1842, 
son of Samuel Childs and Ann (Billings) 
Capen. His earliest American ancestor, 
Bernard Capen, was a settler at Dorches- 
ter, Massachusetts, as early as 1630, and 
was the progenitor of all of this name in 
New England. Captain John Capen 
(1612-92), son of Samuel Childs Capen, 
was for over fifty years an officer in the 
colonial militia, was a selectman of the 
town, representative in the General 
Court, town clerk, and for thirty-three 
years deacon of the church in Dorches- 
ter. The line runs through his son Pre- 
served, his son John, his son Christopher, 
and his son Samuel, the father of Samuel 
Childs. 

Samuel Billings Capen was educated 
in the old Quincy Grammar School and 
the English High School of Boston. In 
1858 he entered the employ of Went- 
worth & Bright, carpet dealers, and in 
1864 he was admitted to partnership. 
The name of the firm has been succes- 
sively William E. Bright & Company, 
William E. Bright & Capen, and Torrey, 
Bright & Capen, and in 1895 the busi- 
ness was incorporated as the Torrey, 
Bright & Capen Company. Mr. Capen 
was long identified with the educational 
and political life of Boston. He served 
as a member of the school committee 
(1889-93) : was president of the Boston 
Municipal League, which he assisted in 
organizing in 1894; and second vice- 
president of the National Municipal 
League, organized in 1894. He was an 



active worker in church and charitable 
causes, and for more than thirty years 
taught a young men's Bible class in the 
Central Congregational Church at Jama- 
ica Plain. He was chairman of the 
Eighth International Sunday School Con- 
vention held in Boston in June, 1896, and 
in October, 1899, he was elected presi- 
dent of the American Board of Commis- 
sioners for Foreign Missions. He was 
a member of the Boston Indian Citizen- 
ship Committee for over twelve years ; 
president of the Congregational Sunday 
School Publishing Society (1882-99); 
chairman of the finance committee of the 
Massachusetts Home Missionary Soci- 
ety, and a director of the American Con- 
gregational Association ; member of the 
Pilgrim Association, of which he was 
president in 1894; the Boston Chamber 
of Commerce, and the Congregational 
Club, of which he was president in 1882. 
He received the degree of Master of Arts 
from Dartmouth College in 1893, and 
that of Doctor of Laws from Oberlin and 
Middlebur>' colleges in 1900. 

He was married, December 8, 1869, to 
Helen Maria, daughter of Dr. John W. 
Warren, of Boston, and had one son and 
one daughter. He died January 29, 1914. 



PAYNE, Henry Clay, 

Man of Affairs, Cabinet 0£BciaI. 

Henry Clay Payne was born at Ash- 
field, Massachusetts, November 23, 1843, 
son of Orrin Pierre and Eliza Etta 
(Ames) Payne. His ancestors were 
among the earliest settlers of Braintree, 
Massachusetts, and several of them 
served in the Revolution. 

He was educated at Shelburne Falls, 
Massachusetts, receiving excellent aca- 
demic training. In 1863 he volunteered 
for service in the Union army, but was 
rejected for physical disability. He then 
went to Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and en- 



23 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tered the wholesale dry goods house of 
Sherwin, Nowell & Pratt. About five 
years later the competition of greater 
aggregations of capital led him to take 
up the insurance business, in which he 
was very successful. In 1875 he was 
appointed postmaster of ^Milwaukee, and 
held the office until 1885. He proved his 
great efficiency, and made the office one 
of the models in the entire service, and 
accomplished more than any other per- 
son in the development and perfecting 
of the administration of the money-order 
departments, especially with relation to 
the ser\'ice with foreign countries. He 
had entered actively into politics at an 
early age, and came to be known as a 
masterly spirit. He was for years secre- 
tary or chairman of the Wisconsin Re- 
publican State Central Committee ; was 
for a quarter of a century a member of 
the Republican National Committee 
(1880-1904), and was for eight years 
chairman of the executive committee ; 
four years vice-president of the National 
Committee and, after the death of Sena- 
tor Hanna, its chairman. His wide 
knowledge of the grafters and heelers of 
his party and of their methods enabled 
him to check the disbursement of money 
for futile and illegitimate purposes. 
Upon leaving the Alilwaukee post office, 
he embarked actively in timber land, tele- 
phone, townsite, street railway, electric 
and gas light, municipal heating, bank- 
ing, and other business enterprises, in all 
of which he was uniformly successful. 
He was appointed one of the three re- 
ceivers of the Northern Pacific railway 
in 1893, and for nearly three years was 
engaged actively in administering its 
aflfairs, passing through the trying litiga- 
tion and vituperation that grew out of 
the injunction issued by Judge Jenkins 
to prevent the employees from striking. 
In 1900 he advocated the adoption of a 



plan to base representation in Republican 
national conventions upon the Repub- 
lican vote cast for President, instead of 
upon population, but the clamor which 
arose in the South against it led him to 
abandon the effort to carry it into prac- 
tice. He at first favored the nomination 
of Elihu Root for Vice-President on the 
ticket with McKinley in 1900, but as Mr. 
Root thought that he ought to remain in 
the cabinet as Secretary of War, he 
turned his attention to Theodore Roose- 
velt, then Governor of New York. Mr. 
Roosevelt wrote to Mr. Payne that he 
preferred the office of Governor to that 
of Vice-President and Mr. Payne made 
two special journeys to Albany for the 
purpose of bringing about a change of 
mind. W^hen he found that he could not 
convert Mr. Roosevelt, he set about 
solidifying the western delegations in be- 
half of his plan, feeling confident that 
nominating him for Vice-President would 
strengthen the national ticket in the west 
and make New York safely Republican. 
Mr. Roosevelt became President in Sep- 
tember, 1901. and Charles Emory Smith 
having resigned the portfolio of Post- 
master-General, Mr. Payne was selected 
to fill the vacancy. At this time Mr. 
Payne was not in good health. He had 
returned shortly before from an extended 
cruise in the Mediterranean only slightly 
improved ; but as he loved the postal ad- 
ministration, he accepted the appoint- 
ment. He took keen delight in quietly 
bringing about administrative reforms 
that gave better service to the public and 
lighter burdens to employees and tax- 
payers. He concluded parcels post con- 
ventions with Japan, Germany, and sev- 
eral other nations ; organized the postal 
service into fifteen "battalions," and the 
rural free delivery into eight "battalions," 
each with its own head ; gave to litera- 
ture for the blind, free transmission 



24 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



through the mails ; and made numerous 
improvements in the administration of 
city post offices. He undertook to place 
letter boxes on the street cars of the en- 
tire country, but the labor unions pro- 
tested so vigorously that to do so would 
make the street car lines United States 
mail routes and therefore interfere with 
their prerogatives of tying them up by 
strikes, that he was compelled to aban- 
don this exceedingly meritorious plan for 
giving much better service to the public. 
He had not been long an incumbent of 
the post office department before charges 
of malfeasance in office on the part of 
old and trusted employees began to ap- 
pear, and an investigation was conducted 
by the Postmaster-General through his 
fourth assistant. Mr. Payne had been 
urged to be a candidate for United States 
Senator, and the west would have sup- 
ported him for Vice-President in 1900, 
but Mr. Payne, believing that he pos- 
sessed no peculiar fitness for any office 
except that of Postmaster-General, and de- 
clined all tenders, only to reach the goal 
of his ambition just as health was break- 
ing, and to find the office the theatre of 
turmoil, crimination and revolution. He 
called the Republican National Conven- 
tion to order at Chicago, June 21, 1904, 
and then went on a second cruise for the 
benefit of his shattered health, but too 
late. He died in Washington City, Octo- 
ber 4, 1904. Secretary John Hay said of 
Mr. Payne that he had never met a man 
of more genuine honesty and integrity, 
a man absolutely truthful and fearless in 
his expressions of what he believed to 
be true. He was a man of such remark- 
able uprightness and purity of character 
that, judging other people by himself, he 
was slow to believe evil of anyone. Pres- 
ident Roosevelt said of Mr. Payne that 
he was "the sweetest, most lovable and 
most truthful man I ever knew." 

He was married at Mount Holly, New 



Jersey, October 15, 1867, to Lydia Wood, 
daughter of Richard Van Dyke, of New 
York City, but left no children. 



WOLCOTT, Roger, 

Iiegislator, Governor. 

Roger Wolcott, Governor of Massa- 
chusetts, was born in Boston, Massa- 
chusetts, July 13, 1847, son of Joshua 
Huntington and Cornelia (Frothingham) 
Wolcott ; grandson of Frederick and 
Elizabeth (Huntington) Wolcott and of 
Samuel Frothingham, and great-grand- 
son of Joshua Huntington, and of Oliver 
Wolcott (1760-1833). 

He was graduated from Harvard Col- 
lege, Bachelor of Arts, 1870, and was a 
tutor there 1871-72. He studied law in 
the Harvard Law School, and received 
the Bachelor of Laws degree in 1874. He 
was a member of the Boston Common 
Council, 1876-79, and a Republican rep- 
resentative in the State Legislature, 
1882-84. He refused to support the 
Blaine and Logan ticket in 1884, and 
started a reform movement in the Repub- 
lican party of Massachusetts. In 1891 he 
was chosen first president of the Young 
Men's Republican Club, the outgrowth 
of his labor for reform. He was Lieu- 
tenant-Governor of Massachusetts, 1892- 
95, becoming Governor on the death of 
Governor Greenhalge in 1896, and was 
elected Governor in 1896, 1897, and 1898, 
after which time he declined further 
reelection. He also declined a position 
on the Philippine Commission in 1899, 
and an appointment as United States 
Ambassador to Italy. He was a trustee 
of Harvard University, 1885-1900, and re- 
ceived the honorary degree of Doctor of 
Laws from Williams College in 1897. 

He was married, September 2, 1874, to 
Edith, daughter of William Hickling 
Prescott. He died in Boston, Massachu- 
setts, December 21, 1900. 



25 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ROCHE, James Jeffrey, 

Journalist, Author, Poet. 

James Jeffrey Roche was born at 
Mountmellick, Queens county, Ireland, 
May 31, 1847, son of Edward Roche, an 
able mathematician, and Margaret Doyle, 
his wife. The family settled in Prince 
Edward Island in the year of the son's 
birth, and there he was instructed by his 
father, and later took a classical course 
at St. Dunstan's College, Charlottetown, 
and where at the age of fifteen he aided 
in editing the college weekly. In his 
youth he had a fair share of spirited ad- 
venture, and encountering of odd char- 
acters and scenes, of which he took 
sharp observance. In 1866 he went to 
Boston, and for a time was engaged in 
commercial pursuits. Already married, 
in 1883, he became assistant editor of 
the "Boston Pilot," a position for which 
he was well adapted. A man of activ- 
ity, eminently social, interested in all 
public matters, sensitive and independ- 
ent, Mr. Roche, without any premedi- 
tation or affectation, performed much 
energetic and brilliant work. In 1886 
he published "Songs and Satires," a dis- 
tinct success, and an earnest of health- 
ful and unhurried growth : and this was 
followed by "The Story of the Fillibus- 
ters," in 1891. In the same year, on the 
death of John Boyle O'Reilly, Mr. Roche 
became chief editor of the "Boston Pilot," 
and he published a biography of his 
friend and fellow-laborer. In 1895 he 
wrote "Ballads of Blue Water," and this 
was followed by "His Majesty the King," 
in i8g8, and "By-ways of War" in 1904. 
He was elected secretary of the Papyrus 
Club. January i, 1885, and was chosen 
president January 4, 1890. He was also 
a member of the Botolph Club. He was 
United States Consul at Genoa, Italy, 
from 1904 to 1907, and in the latter year 



was transferred in the same capacity to 
Berne, Switzerland. He died the next 
year. 

In the words of a literary associate, 
"Mr. Roche was, first, a scrivener and 
chronicler, utterly impersonal, full of joy 
in deeds, a discerner between the ex- 
pedient and the everlasting light, wholly 
fitted to throw into enduring song some 
of the simple heroisms of our American 
annals. We bid fair to have in him an 
admirable ballad-writer, choosing in- 
stinctively and from affection 'that which 
lieth nearest,' and saying it with truth 
and zest. His muse, like himself, is 
happy in her place and time ; none too 
much at the mercy of sentiment, coming 
through sheer intelligence to the conclu- 
sion of fools, and going her unvexed 
gypsy ways with an 'all's well !' ever on 
her lips." 



WALKER, James, 

Clergyman, Educator. 

The Rev. James Walker, nineteenth 
president of Harvard College, and whose 
services were of incalculable value to that 
institution, was born in Burlington, Mas- 
sachusetts, then a part of Woburn, Au- 
gust 16, 1794. He was graduated from 
Harvard College, Bachelor of Arts, 1814; 
Master of Arts, 1817, and at the Divinity 
School in 1817. From 1818 to 1839 he 
was pastor of the Unitarian church at 
Charlestown. He was successful as a pas- 
tor and lecturer, and did much good in 
advocating and encouraging school and 
college education. He was a close stu- 
dent of literature and philosophy, and 
from 1831 to 1839 was editor of the 
"Christian Examiner," the official organ 
of the Unitarian church. In 1839 he was 
chosen Alford Professor of Moral and 
Intellectual Philosophy, Natural Religion, 
and Civil Polity at Harvard College ; was 



26 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



an overseer of Harvard, 1825-36, and a 
fellow, 1834-53. He was acting presi- 
dent, 1845-46, and president from Febru- 
ary 10, 1853, to January 26, i860, suc- 
ceeding President Sparks, who had re- 
signed. He received from Harvard Col- 
lege the honorary degrees of Doctor of 
Divinity in 1835, ^i^^ of Doctor of Laws 
in i860; and from Yale that of Doctor of 
Laws in 1853. 

Harvard College had gained rapidly in 
public favor as well as in efificiency, during 
the administrations of Presidents Everett 
and Sparks, and it was during the term of 
the latter that the office of regent was 
created, and President Sparks in the divi- 
sion of duties, had made the office of 
president less trivial as to functions, and 
to operate more as a balance wheel in the 
complicated machinery of the college, and 
to bear upon the education and moral 
well-being of the students at large, rather 
than to fill the chair of higher professor- 
ship. He alone, among all the presidents 
of Plarvard in its earlier days, directed 
his attention to each class in the several 
departments, attending at least one exer- 
cise in each term, and informing himself 
of the condition of every department in 
the university, and bringing himself into 
intimate personal relation with every 
officer and teacher. The custom thus 
established afterward became the rule 
of the university, and as President 
Walker had as a member of the faculty 
been a witness of its effective working, 
he was well prepared to carry forward 
the reform. The personal attachments 
he had formed as Alford Professor, he 
retained and enlarged as president, and 
at the same time won the undivided sup- 
port of his associates. Among the im- 
provements introduced during his admin- 
istration were the erection of the Apple- 
ton Chapel, Boylston Hall, and the Gym- 
nasium, and the Museum of Comparative 



Zoology was also founded in his time. 
He resigned his office in i860, and en- 
gaged in literary pursuits. He left his 
valuable library and $15,000 in money to 
the college. He was a member of the 
Massachusetts Historical Society, and a 
fellow of the American Academy of Arts 
and Sciences of Boston. He published, 
among numerous sermons, lectures and 
addresses, three series of lectures on 
"Natural Religion," and a course of 
Lowell Institute lectures on "The Philos- 
ophy of Religion ;" "Sermons Preached 
in the Chapel of Harvard College ;" "A 
Memorial of David Appleton White," 
and a "Memoir of Josiah Quincy." After 
his death a volume of his "Discourses" 
was published. He was the editor of sev- 
eral college textbooks. 

He died in Cambridge, Massachusetts, 
December 2^, 1874. A mural monument 
was erected to his memory in Harvard 
Church, in Charlestown, May 14, 1883. 



SUMNER, Edwin V., 

Distinguished Army Officer. 

General Edwin Vose Sumner, who as 
a soldier of the old school made a distin- 
guished record during both the Mexican 
and Civil wars, was born in Boston, Mas- 
sachusetts, January 30, 1797; son of 
Elisha (1760-1839) and Nancy (Vose) 
Sumner ; grandson of Seth ; great-grand- 
son of Colonel Seth ; great-great-grand- 
son of William ; great-great-great-grand- 
son of Roger, and great-great-great- 
great-grandson of William and Mary 
Sumner, who came to Dorchester, Mas- 
sachusetts Bay Colony from Dorchester, 
England, in 1636. William Sumner, the 
immigrant, served in the General Court 
of Massachusetts for thirteen years. His 
maternal grandfather. Colonel Joseph 
Vose, was descended from Robert Vose, 
an early settler of Milton, Massachusetts. 



27 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Edwin Vose Sumner was educated at 
Milton Academy, Massachusetts. He 
was appointed lieutenant in the Second 
United States Infantry in March, 1819, 
and served in the Black Hawk war. He 
was advanced to a captaincy in the Sec- 
ond Dragoons in 1833, and for some years 
served on the Indian frontier. He was 
given command of the School of Cavalry 
Practice at Carlisle, Pennsylvania, in 
1838. In 1846 he was commissioned 
major, and as such took the field in 
Mexico. In April, 1847, he led the noted 
cavalry charge at Cerro Gordo, where he 
was wounded, and was brevetted lieu- 
tenant-colonel for conspicuous gallantry. 
At Contreras and Churubusco he com- 
manded the reserves, and at Molino del 
Rey checked the attack of 5,000 Mexican 
lancers, winning the brevet of colonel, 
and receiving special praise from General 
Worth for skill and courage. He com- 
manded the brigade of horse in the occu- 
pation of the City of Mexico, which post 
he held until January, 1848. He was 
commissioned lieutenant-colonel of the 
First Dragoons, July 18, 1848. From 
185 1 to 1853 he commanded the Depart- 
ment of New Mexico. Later he visited 
Europe for the purpose of observing 
foreign cavalry discipline and drill. He 
was promoted to colonel of the First 
Cavalry in 1855, and was in command of 
Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, in 1856, 
where he incurred the displeasure of the 
Secretary of War and was removed. In 
July, 1857. he led an expedition and de- 
feated the Cheyenne Indians at Solomon's 
Fork. He was commander of the Depart- 
ment of the West, 1858-61. 

In 1861 he was senior colonel of cavalry 
m the United States service. He was 
chosen to escort President-elect Lincoln 
from Springfield to Washington. On 
March 16, 1861, President Lincoln ap- 
pointed him brigadier-general in place of 
General David E. Twiggs, removed, one 



of the first military appointments made 
by President Lincoln, who said: 'Tt is 
the best office in my gift." General Sum- 
ner was ordered to supersede General Al- 
bert Sidney Johnston in the command of 
the Department of the Pacific, and he is 
credited with saving California to the 
Union. Being anxious for more active 
duty he was recalled, and in March, 1862, 
was attached to the Army of the Poto- 
mac and given command of the First 
Army Corps. He commanded the left 
wing at the siege of Yorktown ; was sec- 
ond in command to McClellan in the 
whole Peninsular campaign, and fought 
at Williamsburg. At Fair Oaks his celer- 
ity in crossing the Chickahominy enabled 
him to support AlcClellan before Long- 
street could arrive with his Confederates. 
He commanded his corps in the Seven 
Days' battles, and was twice wounded. 
In recognition of his services on the 
Peninsula he was commissioned major- 
general of volunteers, and brevet major- 
general in the United States army, to 
date from May 31, 1862. On the re- 
organization of the army he was assigned 
to the Second Corps, and was soon after 
wounded at Antietam. In the charge of 
the right grand division under Burnside, 
he crossed the river at Fredericksburg 
against his judgment, summoned the 
town to surrender, and made the attack 
on Alarye's Heights, December 13, 1862. 
Relieved at his own request, January 28, 
1863, on General Hooker's appointment 
to the chief command, he was presently 
ordered to the Department of the Mis- 
souri, but on his way thither died at Syra- 
cuse, New York, March 21, 1863. express- 
ing his loyal patriotism with his last 
breath. "He was a grand soldier, full of 
honor and gallantry," and probably the 
oldest man to fill with entire efficiency so 
conspicuous a military position as he did 
during the Civil War. 



28 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ALLEN, Charles, 

Lawyer, Jurist, Congressman. 

Charles Allen, a jurist of commanding 
ability, and whose legal decisions were 
regarded as peculiarly able, was born in 
Worcester, Massachusetts, August 9, 
1797. He was educated at Harvard Col- 
lege, from which he was graduated, stud- 
ied law, was admitted to the bar in 1821, 
and began practice in Braintree, soon re- 
moving to Worcester, which was his 
place of residence throughout the re- 
mainder of his life. He was a member 
of the Massachusetts House of Repre- 
sentatives for four terms between 1829 
and 1840, and of the State Senate in 1835, 
1838 and 1839. In 1842 he was a member 
of the Northeastern Boundary Commis- 
sion which paved the way for the famous 
Ashburton treaty which saved the United 
States and Great Britain from impending 
war. In the same year he became judge 
of the Court of Common Pleas, holding 
his seat upon the bench for three years. 
In 1847 he declined to be a candidate for 
the Supreme Court. He was elected by 
the Free-Soil party to the Thirty-first and 
Thirty-second Congresses (1849-51), and 
in the latter year became editor of the 
"Boston Whig," afterwards "The Repub- 
lican." In 1853 he was a member of the 
State Constitutional Convention. In 1859 
he became Chief Justice of the Superior 
Court of Sussex county, remaining upon 
the bench until 1867, when he resigned. 
He was a delegate to the Peace Congress 
of 1861, called to avert if possible the 
then threatening civil war. He died in 
Worcester, Massachusetts, August 6, 
1869. 



STOWE, Calvin E., 

Clergyman, Educator. Author. 

The Rev. Calvin Ellis Stowe was born 
at Natick, Massachusetts, April 6, 1802, 
of English descent. His father dying 



when he was six years of age, he was 
early apprenticed to a papermaker. Hav- 
ing attracted attention by his passion for 
reading and investigation, he succeeded 
by friendly aid in securing a scholarly 
education and was graduated from Bow- 
doin College, Brunswick, Maine, in 1824, 
with the degree of Bachelor of Arts, re- 
ceiving that of Master of Arts in 1827. 
From 1825 to 1828 he was a student at 
Andover Theological Seminary, during 
which time he translated Jahn's "Hebrew 
Commonwealth" (Andover, 1828, Lon- 
don, 1829). In 1828 he became editor of 
the "Boston Recorder," the oldest relig- 
ious paper in the country, and served as 
such for two years, meantime making a 
translation of Lowth's "Lectures on the 
Sacred Poetry of the Hebrews." 

In 1830 he entered upon his career as 
a university teacher and preacher, and 
was Professor of Latin and Greek at 
Dartmouth College, New Hampshire, to 
1833 ; of Biblical Literature in Lane The- 
ological Seminary, Cincinnati, Ohio, 
1833-50; of Natural and Revealed Relig- 
ion in Bowdoin College, 1850-52, and of 
Sacred Literature in Andover Theolog- 
ical Seminary from 1852 to 1864. when 
he retired on account of failing health 
and settled at Hartford, Connecticut. In 
1837 he made an extensive tour in Europe 
in order to investigate the various sys- 
tems of elementary instruction, and pub- 
lished on his return a "Report" (Harris- 
burg, Ohio, 1838) and an "Essay" (Bos- 
ton, 1839). He received the honorary 
degree of Doctor of Divinity from Miami 
University and from Indiana University 
in 1837, and from Dartmouth College in 
1839. He was the author of: "Intro^ 
duction to the Criticism and Interpreta- 
tion of the Bible" (1835) ; "The Religious 
Element in Education" (1844); "The 
Right Interpretation of the Sacred Scrip- 
tun=s" (1853); "Origin and History of 
the Books of the Bible, both Canonical 



29 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and Apocryphal" (1867). He was a mem- 
ber of the Old Testament Company and 
of the American Committee on Bible re- 
vision. 

He was married in Portland, Maine, in 
1832, to Eliza, daughter of Rev. Bennett 
Tyler; she died in 1834. In January, 
1836, he was married to Harriet Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Rev. Lyman Beecher. 
As the author of "Uncle Tom's Cabin " 
she acquired a world-wide reputation. 
She bore him four sons and three daugh- 
ters. Dr. Stowe died in Hartford, Con- 
necticut, August 22, 1886. 



STEARNS, WUliam A., 

Clergyman, Anthor, Edncator. 

William Augustus Stearns, fourth pres- 
ident of Amherst College, was born at 
Bedford, Massachusetts, March 17, 1805. 
His father, Rev. Samuel Stearns, of Bed- 
ford, and both his grandfathers were min- 
isters of the gospel, and his brothers were 
well known as distinguished preachers 
and teachers. 

He was prepared for college at Phillips 
Academy, Andover, and was graduated 
from Harvard College, Bachelor of Arts, 
1827, and Alaster of Arts, 1830. He then 
entered Andover Theological Seminary, 
from which he was graduated in 1831. 
Among his classmates were Professor 
Felton and the Rev. Dr. Sweetser. He 
was ordained to the Congregational min- 
istry, December 14, 1831, and was pastor 
of the Prospect Street Church, Cam- 
bridgeport, Massachusetts, from 183 1 to 
1854, retiring in the latter year on account 
of having been chosen president of Am- 
herst College, to succeed the Rev. Ed- 
ward Hitchcock, resigned. He adminis- 
tered the affairs of the college until his 
death, his administration being especially 
memorable for a succession of donations 
and bequests amounting in the aggregate 



to nearly eight hundred thousand dollars, 
making it a period of large and liberal 
foundations. Even the Legislature shared 
in the prevailing generosity, and upon 
the provision that the college should 
establish three free scholarships, which 
was immediately done, the sum of $25,000 
was paid over to it between the years of 
1861 and 1863. During the latter year 
the Legislature made another especial ap- 
propriation of $2,500 to the department 
of natural history. The presidency of Dr. 
Stearns was also the period of scholar- 
ships and prizes. At its commencement 
there was not a single scholarship save 
the distribution of the income of the 
charity fund, which really constituted so 
many ministerial scholarships. The first 
scholarship at Amherst, therefore, was 
established in 1857, by Eleazer Porter, 
of Hadley. The only prizes that had 
existed previous to this were those for 
elocution, which had been merely nomi- 
nal. Under President Stearns a number 
of regular prizes were established. Six 
college edifices were built during his 
term of office. The style and character 
of these, as compared with the former 
buildings, has led to the comment that 
Dr. Stearns found the college brick and 
left it marble. Meanwhile the curricu- 
lum kept pace with the more material ad- 
vancement. Three new departments — 
hygiene and physical education, mathe- 
matics and astronomy, and Biblical his- 
tory, interpretation and pastoral care — 
were all established under Dr. Stearns, 
and the spiritual welfare of the college 
and of the community was encouraged 
and strengthened by a number of relig- 
ious revivals. Among these, that of 1858 
exceeded all others in power and interest, 
leaving less than twenty in the whole 
college undecided in their convictions. 
As a natural result of this moral awaken- 
ing the general tone of the college was 



30 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



bettered in every way. Dr. Stearns was 
the author of: "Infant Church Member- 
ship" (1844); "Infant Church Members' 
Guide" (1845); "Life and Select Dis- 
courses of the Rev. Samuel H. Stearns" 
(1846) ; "Discourses and Addresses" 
(1855); and "A Plea for the Nation," 
posthumous (1876). Dr. Stearns died at 
Amherst, Massachusetts, June 8, 1876. 



THOMAS, Benjamin F., 

Iiaipyer, Jnrist, CongressmaiL. 

Benjamin Franklin Thomas was born 
in Boston, Massachusetts, February 12, 
1813, a grandson of Isaiah Thomas, noted 
as the Revolutionary wartime editor of 
the "Massachusetts Spy." 

When he was six years old his parents 
removed to Worcester, where he had his 
early educational training. He then en- 
tered Brown University, from which he 
was graduated at the early age of seven- 
teen. He studied law in Cambridge, and 
was admitted to the bar on his coming 
of age, and entered upon practice in 
Worcester. He held several local offices. 
In 1842 he was a member of the Massa- 
chusetts House of Representatives, and 
was subsequently Commissioner of Bank- 
ruptcy. From 1844 to 1848 he was judge 
of probate of Worcester county. He was 
a Whig in politics, and was a presidential 
elector in 1848, supporting General Tay- 
lor's candidacy for the presidency. He 
was called to the bench of the Supreme 
Court of Massachusetts in 1853, and 
adorned the position until 1859, when he 
resigned and resumed the practice of law, 
establishing his office in Boston. He was 
elected as a Conservative Unionist to the 
first Congress of the Civil War period 
(March, 1861, to March, 1863). In 1868 
he was nominated as Chief Justice of the 
Supreme Court of the State, but the 
Council failed to confirm the nomination, 



and he devoted the remainder of his life 
to his law practice. He was a man of 
much ability, and given to historical and 
antiquarian pursuits. He was at one 
time president of the American Anti- 
quarian Society of Worcester, and wrote 
a memoir of its founder, Isaiah Thomas, 
who was his grandfather. He published 
a "Digest of the Massachusetts Laws 
Concerning Towns and Town Officers" 
(1845), and a number of pamphlets. He 
received the degree of Doctor of Laws 
from Brown University in 1853, and in 
the following year from Harvard Uni- 
versity. He died in Salem, Massachu- 
setts, September 27, 1878. 



LAWRENCE, Amos A., 

Philanthropist. 

Amos Adams Lawrence was one of 
those strong characters who made possi- 
ble the peopling of Kansas with an anti- 
slavery element strong enough to save 
that region from pro-slavery domination 
in the bloody times there previous to the 
breaking out of the Civil War. 

He was born in Boston, Massachusetts, 
July 31, 1814; son of Amos and Sarah 
(Richards) Lawrence, and grandson of 
Samuel and Susanna (Parker) Lawrence 
and of Giles and Sarah (Adams) Rich- 
ards. He was prepared for college by 
the Rev. Dr. Jonathan F. Stearns, then 
entering Harvard College, from which 
he was graduated Bachelor of Arts in 
1835, and Master of Arts in 1838. He 
first entered upon a mercantile business, 
but soon interested himself in larger con- 
cerns, becoming a leading manufacturer 
of cotton, and president and director of 
several banks and industrial corporations 
in Massachusetts. He became associated 
with Eli Thayer and others in the coloni- 
zation of Kansas by Free-soilers in 1853, 
and was treasurer of the Emigrant Aid 



31 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Association, an organization which fur- 
nished the means for settlers to migrate 
from New England to Kansas, and to 
which he was a most liberal contributor. 
He was twice nominated for Governor 
of Massachusetts by the Whigs and 
Unionists. At the outbreak of the Civil 
War he aided in recruiting the Second 
Massachusetts Volunteer Cavalry Regi- 
ment. His benefactions to educational 
institutions were many and continuous. 
He built Lawrence Hall for the Epis- 
copal Theological Seminary in Cambridge 
at a cost of $75,000, and was its treas- 
urer for several years. He was also treas- 
urer of Harvard College, 1857-63, and an 
overseer, 1879-85. In 1846 he gave $10,000 
for the establishment of a literary insti- 
tution in Wisconsin, then called "The 
Lawrence Institute of Wisconsin," and 
situated at Appleton. He secured the 
Appleton Library fund and gave over 
$30,000 toward the support of the insti- 
tution, which was rechartered in 1849 ^^ 
Lawrence University. He was a mem- 
ber of the ^Massachusetts Historical Soci- 
ety. The town of Lawrence, Kansas, 
was named in recognition of his services 
in making Kansas a Free State. 

He was married, in 1842, to Sarah Eliz- 
abeth, daughter of the Hon. William 
Appleton, and their son William became 
seventh Protestant Episcopal Bishop of 
^lassachusetts. He died in Nahant, Mas- 
sachusetts, August 22, 1886. 



TALBOT, Thomas, 

Manufacturer, Governor. 

Former Governor Thomas Talbot, of 
Massachusetts, was a native of the State 
of New York, born at Cambridge, Wash- 
ington county, September 7, 1818, son of 
Charles and Phoebe (White) Talbot, 
grandson of Joseph White, of Temple- 
more, and of William Talbot, who came 



to America in 1807, and with his son 
Charles engaged in the manufacture of 
broadcloth. He was of Irish descent, one 
of his ancestors being Thomas Talbot, 
first Earl of Shrewsbury. 

His father dying when he was six 
years of age, his mother removed soon 
after to Northampton, Massachusetts, 
where he begun attending the common 
schools. When twelve years of age he 
went to work in a woolen mill, where he 
continued until 1835, when he entered 
the employ of his brother Charles, who 
had established a broadcloth factory at 
Williamsburg, Massachusetts. He was 
master of all the mechanical processes 
of manufacture, and in 1838 he was made 
superintendent of the factory, also attend- 
ing school in the intervals of his labors. 
In 1840 he became a partner of his 
brother, the factory being removed to 
Billerica, Massachusetts. They pros- 
pered from the outset and enlarged their 
facilities from time to time, in a few years 
becoming wealthy manufacturers on a 
large scale. 

Thomas Talbot was repeatedly elected 
to the State Legislature, and from 1864 
to 1869 was a member of the Governor's 
Council. He allied himself with the Re- 
publican party at its formation in 1856. 
In 1872 and 1873 he was elected Lieu- 
tenant-Governor of Massachusetts, and 
when Governor William B. Washburn 
was sent to the United States Senate in 
1874, Mr. Talbot succeeded him in the 
executive chair. His course as Governor 
was marked by fearless and sturdy de- 
votion to what he believed to be right. 
He refused to sanction a bill passed by 
the Legislature repealing the prohibitory 
law of the State, and this, with some of 
his other official acts, among them the 
approval of a law making ten hours a 
legal day's labor, caused his defeat by a 
small majority when he was a candidate 



32 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



for Governor in 1874. He carried with 
him into retirement, however, the deep 
and sincere respect of the better classes, 
and when he was again a candidate in 
1878 he was elected by a majority of 
15,000 over the other candidates in the 
field. He served until January i, 1880. 
His last years were spent in Billerica, 
to whose interests he was sedulously de- 
voted. He was an ardent friend of edu- 
cation, a devout Christian, and a fre- 
quent and generous contributor to all de- 
nominations. Industry, prudence and 
energy were his dominant characteristics, 
and the source of his success. His career 
was throughout a pure, useful and honor- 
able one. He received the degree of Doc- 
tor of Laws from Harvard University in 

1879. 

He was twice married, (first) in 1848, 
to Mary H. Rogers, of Billerica, who 
died in 1851, and (second) in 1855, to 
Isabella W., daughter of Joel Hayden, 
of Williamsburg, Massachusetts. He 
died in Lowell, Massachusetts, October 
6, 1886. 



SANGER, George P., 

Lawyer, Jurist, Author. 

George Partridge Sanger was born at 
Dover, Norfolk county, Massachusetts, 
November 27, 1819, son of Ralph and 
Charlotte (Kingman) Sanger. His earli- 
est American ancestor was Richard San- 
ger, who came from Hingham, England, 
to Hingham, Massachusetts, in 1636. His 
grandfather, Zedekiah Sanger, was a dis- 
tinguished classical scholar, teacher and 
clergyman. He was graduated at Har- 
vard in 1 771, and received the degree of 
D. D. from Brown University in 1807. 
Ralph Sanger was graduated from Har- 
vard in 1808, studied divinity, and was 
pastor at Dover, Massachusetts, for more 
than fifty years. He was a member of 
the Massachusetts Legislature; became 
MASS-Vol. in-8 



chaplain of the State Senate in 1838, and 
received the degree of Doctor of Divinity 
from Harvard in 1857. 

George Partridge Sanger was prepared 
for college by his father, and at the 
Bridgewater Academy in 1833-34. After 
teaching in the district school at Dover 
in 1834, and at Sharon in 1835, he entered 
Harvard College in 1836, from which he 
was graduated in 1840. For two years 
following he taught a private school at 
Portsmouth, New Hampshire. In 1842 
he was appointed proctor at Harvard 
College, where he also entered the Law 
School, receiving the degrees of Bachelor 
of Laws and Master of Arts in course. 
In 1843 he became tutor in Latin, served 
as such until 1846, and was afterward for 
several years a member of the committee 
for examination of the undergraduates in 
Latin. He was admitted to the Boston 
bar in 1846, and formed a partnership 
with Stephen H. Phillips, of Salem, Mas- 
sachusetts. In 1849 he was appointed 
assistant United States District Attorney, 
continuing during the Taylor-Fillmore 
administration. In January, 1853, Gov- 
ernor Clifford appointed him on his mili- 
tary staff, and in the following October 
he became district attorney for the Suf- 
folk district, this last appointment neces- 
sitating his removal from Charlestown 
to Boston, where he resided until 1867, 
when he removed to Cambridge. While 
in Charlestown he served for two years 
as a member of the board of aldermen. 
In the summer of 1854 he was appointed 
by Governor Washburn as a judge of the 
Court of Common Pleas, which position 
he filled with ability until that court was 
abolished in 1859, when he resumed the 
practice of law in Boston. From 1861 to 
1869 he served again as district attorney 
for Suffolk county, in i860 being also a 
member of the Boston common council. 
He was president of the John Hancock 
Mutual Life Insurance Company from 



33 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the time of its organization until 1873. 
In 1873 he was a member of the lower 
house of the Legislature, and in June of 
that year was appointed by President 
Grant, United States Attorney for the 
District of Massachusetts ; and was re- 
appointed by President Hayes in 1877, 
and by President Arthur in 1882. At the 
expiration of his last term of service, in 
1886, he returned to the general practice 
of law in Boston. Judge Sanger spent 
much time in writing on legal and other 
topics. From 1848 until 1862 he was edi- 
tor of the "American Almanac and Re- 
pository of Useful Knowledge ;" he was 
editor of the Boston "Law Reporter" for 
many years, and editor of the "Statutes 
at Large" from 1855 to 1873. In i860 he 
and Judge Richardson were appointed by 
the State Legislature to prepare and re- 
vise the publication of the "General Stat- 
utes," with which labor they were occu- 
pied annually until 1882. 

Judge Sanger was married, December 
14, 1846, to Elizabeth Sherburne, daugh- 
ter of Captain William Whipple and 
Eleanor Sherburne (Blunt) Thompson, 
of Portsmouth, New Hampshire. He 
died at the residence of his son, at 
Swampscott, Massachusetts, June 3, 1890. 
Four sons survived him, all graduates of 
Harvard : John White, William Thomp- 
son, George Partridge, and Charles Rob- 
ert Sanger. 



HIGGINSON, Thomas Wentworth, 

Reformer, Anthor. 

Thomas Wentworth Higginson, a lead- 
ing spirit among the reformers of his day, 
and a prolific author, was born in Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts, December 22, 
1823, son of Stephen and Louisa (Stor- 
row) Higginson, and a descendant of 
Rev. Francis Higginson (1588-1630). His 
mother was the daughter of a British 
naval officer, who was imprisoned at 



Portsmouth, Maine, during the American 
Revolution, and afterward married a 
Portsmouth maiden of the Wentworth 
and Appleton families. 

Thomas Wentworth Higginson was 
prepared for college at the private school 
of William Wells, then entering Harvard 
College, from which he was graduated in 
1841. He then taught for a time in Mr. 
Weld's school at Jamaica Plain, Massa- 
chusetts, later becoming a private tutor 
in the family of his cousin, Stephen Hig- 
ginson Perkins, of Brookline. His first 
intention was to become a lawyer, but 
he abandoned it to study theologf)', and 
entered the Harvard Divinity School, from 
which he was graduated in 1847. His 
first charge was in Newburyport, where 
he was pastor of the First Religious Soci- 
ety until 1850. He became somewhat un- 
popular because of his anti-slavery views 
and his active interest in politics, espe- 
cially as he allowed himself to be nomi- 
nated for representative in Congress in 
1848. After resigning his pulpit he re- 
mained two years in Newburyport, teach- 
ing classes, writing for the newspapers, 
and organizing evening schools. In 1852 
he was called to the Free church of 
Worcester, Massachusetts, and remained 
with it until 1858. when he abandoned 
the ministry- to devote himself to literary 
work. 

His activity in the anti-slavery cause, 
led to his indictment at Boston, Massa- 
chusetts, in 1854, in connection with 
Theodore Parker, Wendell Phillips and 
others, for the murder of a deputy United 
States marshal while they were seeking 
the rescue of the arrested fugitive slave, 
Anthony Burns, but the defendants were 
all discharged by reason of a flaw in the 
indictment. In 1856 he went to Kansas 
to assist in organizing the Free State 
movement, and later became the friend 
and confidant of John Brown, of Osawo- 
tomie. He was well acquainted with the 



34 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



leaders in John Brown's raid on Harper's 
Ferry, and was generally credited with 
being engaged in an enterprise to rescue 
John Brown ; but this has been shown to 
be incorrect. Mr. Higginson wished to 
arrange one, but Brown absolutely re- 
fused; his wife was brought from North 
Elba, Mr. Higginson hoping that she 
would persuade him, but he would not 
receive her. What he did do, which 
probably gave rise to the story, was to 
arrange an expedition to rescue Stevens 
and Haslett when imprisoned at Charles- 
ton, Virginia, awaiting execution. Mr. 
Higginson with some twenty companions 
stayed a week at Harrisburg, under com- 
mand of Captain Montgomery, of Kan- 
sas, awaiting an opportunity ; but the 
plan had to be abandoned because of 
snowfalls making detection certain ; so, 
at least, Captain Montgomery thought. 

At the beginning of the Civil War Mr. 
Higginson recruited a company of infan- 
try in Worcester for the Fifty-first Regi- 
ment Massachusetts Volunteers, and was 
commissioned captain. Later he was made 
colonel of a regiment of freed slaves, 
which he recruited in South Carolina — 
the first regiment of such material to be 
mustered into military service of the 
United States. He was wounded at Wil- 
ton BlulT, South Carolina, in August, 
1863, and the following year was 
obliged to resign on account of disability. 
He then resumed his literary work, re- 
siding at Newport, Rhode Island, until 
1878, when he returned to Cambridge, 
Massachusetts. He was a member of the 
Legislature of Massachusetts and chief 
of the Governor's stafif, 1880-81. and a 
member of the Massachusetts Board of 
Education, 1881-83. He was State Mili- 
tary and Naval Historian from 1889 to 
1891, and in this capacity he compiled 
"Massachusetts in the Army and Navy" 
(two volumes). He was long an earnest 



advocate of woman's suffrage, the higher 
education of women, and the advanced 
education of the young of both sexes. 
He was particularly pronounced in favor 
of the advancement of women, believing 
that "a man's mother and wife are two- 
thirds of his destiny." He was a volu- 
minous writer, and perhaps no author 
has contributed more frequently to the 
higher class of American periodicals ; sev- 
eral of his books are made up of essays 
which first appeared in the "Atlantic 
Monthly." As a historian he has written 
much for both old and young, and sev- 
eral of his books have been translated 
into French, German, Italian and modern 
Greek. In 1896 he presented uncondition- 
ally to the Boston Public Library his 
"Galatea collection of books relating to 
the history of woman," numbering about 
one thousand volumes. He was elected 
a member of the Massachusetts Histor- 
ical Society and of the American Histor- 
ical Association, and a fellow of the 
American Academy of Arts and Sciences. 
Harvard University conferred upon him 
the degrees of Master of Arts in 1869 and 
Doctor of Laws in 1898. and the Western 
Reserve University gave him that of Doc- 
tor of Laws in 1896. 

He was the author of: "Thalatta" 
(with Samuel Longfellow, 1853) ; "Out- 
door Papers" (1863) ; "Malbone, an Old- 
port Romance" (1869) ; "Army Life in a 
Black Regiment" (1870); "Atlantic Es- 
says" (1871) ; "The Sympathy of Relig- 
ions" (1871, translated into French) ; 
"Oldport Days" (1873) ; "Young Folks' 
History of the United States" (1875), 
translated into French, 1873, Italian and 
German, 1876; "History of Education in 
Rhode Island" (1876); "Young Folks' 
Book of American Explorers" (1877) ; 
"Short Studies of American Authors" 
(1879) ; "Common Sense About Women" 
(1881), translated into German; "Life of 



33 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Margaret Fuller Ossoli" (1884) ; "Larger 
History of the United States" (1885) ; 
"The Monarch of Dreams" (1886), trans- 
lated into French and German; "Hints 
on Writing and Speechmaking" (1887); 
"Women and Men" (1888) ; "Travellers 
and Outlaws" (1889) ; "The Afternoon 
Landscape" (1890); "The New World 
and the New Book" (1891) ; "Life of the 
Rev. Francis Higginson" (1891) ; "Con- 
cerning All of Us" (1892); "Such As 
They Are," poems (with his wife, Mary 
Thacher Higginson, 1893) ; "English His- 
tory for Americans" (1893) ; "Massachu- 
setts in the Army and Navy" (official 
State publication); "Book and Heart: 
Essays on Literature and Life" (1897) ; 
"Tales of the Enchanted Islands of the 
Atlantic" (1898); "Cheerful Yesterdays" 
(1898); "Old Cambridge" (1899); "Con- 
temporaries" (1899); "A Reader's His- 
tory of American Literature" (1903) ; 
"Part of a Man's Life" (1905); "Life of 
Stephen Higginson, Member of Conti- 
nental Congress" (1907); "Carlyle's 
Laugh and Other Surprises" (1909) ; be- 
sides several translations and edited 
works, and numerous contributions to 
periodical literature. 

Mr. Higginson married (first) Mary 
Elizabeth Channing, his second cousin, 
a woman of strong character and much 
individuality, who was the original of 
"Aunt Jane" in his story "Malbone." His 
second wife was Mary (Thacher) Hig- 
ginson, niece, by marriage, of Professor 
Henry W. Longfellow, and author of 
"Room for One More" and "Seashore 
and Prairie." Mr. Higginson died in 
1911. 



TROWBRIDGE, John Townsend, 
Author. 

John Townsend Trowbridge, author, 
was born in Ogden, New York, Septem- 



ber 18, 1827, son of Windsor Stone and 
Rebecca (Willey) Trowbridge, grandson 
of Daniel and Prudence (Badger) Trow- 
bridge and of Alfred and Olive (Cone) 
Willey, and a lineal descendant of Thomas 
Trowbridge, who brought his wife and 
two sons to America from Taunton, Eng- 
land, in 1634, and settled in Dorchester, 
Massachusetts, removing to New Haven, 
Connecticut, in 1639. Windsor S. Trow- 
bridge (father) was one of the first 
settlers of Ogden, Monroe county. New 
York, in 1812, and followed the occupa- 
tion of farming. 

John Trowbridge attended the common 
schools of the neighborhood during the 
winter months, the remainder of the year 
assisting his father with the work of the 
farm. He taught himself the rudiments 
of French, Greek and Latin, in which he 
later became proficient. During the 
winter of 1844-45 he served in the capac- 
ity of teacher in a classical school at 
Lockport, New York, and in the latter 
named year removed to Lisle, Illinois, 
where for one year, 1845-46, he taught 
school and performed farm work, princi- 
pally the raising of wheat, and in 1846 
returned to Lockport, New York, where 
he filled the position of teacher in the dis- 
trict school for one year, 1846-47. In May 
of the latter named year he removed to 
New York City, having decided to devote 
his life to literature. He made the ac- 
quaintance of Major Noah, through 
whose influence he became a contributor 
to the "Dollar Magazine" and other publi- 
cations. In August, 1848, he removed to 
Boston, Massachusetts, and there wrote 
for the "Olive Branch," the "Yankee 
Blade," the "Carpet Bag," and other 
weeklies. In 1850 he edited the "Yankee 
Nation," published under the firm name 
of J. T. Trowbridge & Company, and 
afterward was an associate editor of the 
"American Sentinel." in which, during the 



36 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



temporary absence of the proprietor, Ben 
Perley Poore, in 1851, he published an 
editorial on the fugitive-slave law that 
offended subscribers on both side of 
the question, and materially assisted in 
bringing the paper to an untimely end. 
For several years he wrote under the pen 
name of "Paul Creyton," and became 
widely and favorably known as a writer 
of popular tales and a delineator of New 
England life. His first book, "Father 
Brighthopes, or, an Old Clergyman's Va- 
cation," was published in Boston in 1853, 
and was followed by others in quick suc- 
cession, forming what is called the 
"Brighthopes Series," consisting of, be- 
sides the above named, "Burr Cliff, its 
Sunshine and its Clouds," "Hearts and 
Faces," "Iron Thrope," and "The Old 
Battle-Ground." Martin Merrivale, his 
X Mark," was published in 1854. He 
visited Europe in 1855, writing, while in 
Paris, "Neighbor Jackwood," which has 
been called "the pioneer of novels of real 
life in New England," and which was 
subsequently dramatized and produced at 
the Boston Museum, where his spectacu- 
lar piece, "Sinbad the Sailor," also had a 
successful run. He made a western jour- 
ney in 1857, writing letters for the "New 
York Tribune" over the signature of 
"Jackwood ;" he was one of the original 
contributors to the "Atlantic Monthly," 
which made its first appearance in No- 
vember, 1857, and "Vagabonds," his most 
successful poem, first appeared in its 
pages in 1863, and in the following year 
"Cudjo's Cave" was published, and in 
less than a week thirteen thousand copies 
were sold. From 1870 to 1873 he was 
managing editor of "Our Young Folks,* 
and he was also a contributor to th^ 
"Youth's Companion," 1873-88, and to the 
"Knickerbocker," "Putnam's," "Atlantic 
Almanac," "Hearth and Home," and 
other periodicals. He again visited Eu- 



rope, remaining from 1888 to 1891. He 
received the honorary degree of Master 
of Arts from Dartmouth College in 1884. 
Among the publications not already men- 
tioned are: "The Drummer Boy," "The 
Three Scouts," "The South, a Tour of its 
Battle-Fields and Ruined Cities," "Neigh- 
bors' Wives," "Coupon Bonds and Other 
Stories," "The Jack Hazard Series," "The 
Silver Medal Series," "The Tide-Mill 
Series," "A Start in Life," "Biding His 
Time," "Adventures of David Vane and 
David Crane," "The Kepi Gatherers," 
"The Scarlet Tanager," "The Fortunes of 
Toby Trafford," "Woodie Thorpe's Pil- 
grimage," "The Satin-Wood Box," "The 
Lottery Ticket," "The Prize Cup," "Two 
Biddicut Boys," and "My Own Story." 
His poems are : "The Vagabonds," "The 
Emigrant's Story," "The Book of Gold," 
"A Home Idyl," and "The Lost Eari." 
In connection with C. E. Cobb he wrote 
"Heroes of '76; a Dramatic Cantata 
of the Revolution," published in 1877. 
Many of his shorter productions were 
favorite "speaking pieces" for schoolboys 
before and during Civil War days. The 
best known of his verse was his humor- 
ous poem, "Darius Green and his Flying 
Machine," written in 1870. When, forty 
years later, he first saw an aeroplane in 
flight, he remarked, "I never dreamed 
when I wrote that poem, that such a 
thing as a flying machine was even a 
possibility in my lifetime." John Bur- 
roughs said of him : "He knows the heart 
of a boy and the heart of a man, and has 
laid them both open in his books." 

Mr. Trowbridge married (first) May 9, 
i860, Cornelia, daughter of John Warren, 
of Lowell, Massachusetts; (second) June 
4, 1873, Ada, daughter of Alonzo E. and 
Sarah (Emery) Newton, of Arlington, 
Massachusetts, where Mr. Trowbridge 
made his permanent home in 1865. He 
died there, February 12, 1916. 



37 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



BOWEN, Joseph Abraham, 

Active Factor in Commnnity Affain. 

The Bowen family settled in various 
towns in the vicinity of Rehoboth, in 
Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Rhode 
Island. Some are descended from Oba- 
diah Bowen and Thomas Bowen, sons of 
Richard Bowen, who also settled at Re- 
hoboth. The Woodstock, Connecticut, 
family of Bowens is descended from Grif- 
fith Bowen, of Boston. The records of 
this section are incomplete and it is im- 
possible to trace some of these families 
correctly. In 1790 Eleazer, James and 
Oliver Bowen were heads of families at 
Thompson, Connecticut, John and Joseph 
in an adjoining town. At the same time 
there were Bowens in Cranston, Foster, 
Glocester and Smithfield, Rhode Island. 

Richard Bowen came from Kittle Hill, 
Glamorganshire, Wales, to this country, 
about 1638, lived for a time at Weymouth 
and settled at Rehoboth, Massachusetts. 
He was a proprietor and town officer in 
Rehoboth, and was admitted a freeman, 
June 4, 1645. His first wife bore the 
name of Ann and the second Elizabeth. 
He was buried February 4, 1674, and in 
his will dated June 4, 1673, he bequeathed 
his property to his wife and children. His 
widow was buried in 1685. Children: 
William ; Obadiah, mentioned below ; 
Richard ; Thomas ; Alice, who married a 
Wheaton ; Sarah, married Robert Fuller; 
Ruth, married George Kendrick. 

John Bowen, probably a descendant of 
Richard Bowen, mentioned above, first 
appears in Freetown, Massachusetts, as 
early as 1739. where his marriage is re- 
corded July 3, 1739. His wife, Penelope 
(Borden) Bowen, was the widow of Ste- 
phen Borden, and daughter of John and 
Mary (Pearce) Read, of Freetown, born 
October 12, 1703, granddaughter of John 
Read, of Freetown, and great-grand- 
daughter of John Read, one of the first 



settlers of Newport, who came according 
to tradition from Plymouth, England. 
John Read, Jr., was for thirty-five years 
town clerk of Freetown, and three times 
representative in the General Court (see 
Read). Mrs. Bowen had six children by 
her first marriage, and two, Nathan and 
John, by the second. After her death Mr. 
Bowen married (second) Sarah Gray. 
John Bowen became a large land owner 
in what is now the southern part of Fall 
River, then a part of Tiverton, and his 
homestead is still standing, though 
greatly changed, on South Main street 
near what was formerly known as 
Bowen's Hill. His will is dated May 13, 
1789. 

Nathan Bowen, son of John and Pene- 
lope (Read-Borden) Bowen, was born 
April 4, 1740, in Tiverton, and lived in 
Freetown. In 1790 his family at Free- 
town comprised six members. He mar- 
ried (first) November 11, 1762, Hannah 
Cook, born June 25, 1741, daughter of 
John and Martha (Wood) Cook (see 
Cook VI). He married (second) Nancy 
Read. He died November 9, 1825. His 
children by the first marriage were : 
Elizabeth, born September 24, 1763, mar- 
ried Jonathan Borden ; Bathsheba, Feb- 
ruary 20, 1765, married Paul Sherman; 
Susanna, February 5, 1767; Ruth, No- 
vember 7, 1768; Rhoda, November 7, 
1770, married David Babbitt; Abraham, 
mentioned below; Phebe, March 5, 1775; 
Martha, July 31, 1777, married Richard 
Borden ; Nathan, July 7, 1782, died young. 
By the second marriage : Joseph, born 
May 20, 1797, died November 29, 1806; 
Paul, March 5, 1800, removed to Cayuga 
county, New York. Nathan Bowen is of 
record as performing service in the Revo- 
lution, being a member of Captain Henry 
Brightman's company. Colonel Hatha- 
way's regiment, which marched on the 
alarm of August, 1780, service in Rhode 
Island. 



38 





''^^ cy^Z^-~€-^^ 



.-'^' 



\ 






ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Hon. Abraham Bowen, eldest son of 
Nathan and Hannah (Cook) Bowen, was 
born March 2, 1773, in Freetown, and 
owned a tract of land which extended 
from Bedford to Elm streets and from 
the harbor to the Watuppa pond. He 
was prominent in public affairs, was 
selectman of Fall River in 1806 and again 
in 1817, and representative to the General 
Court in 1804, 1807-08 and 1821. On the 
establishment of the post office at Fall 
River in 181 1, its location seemed unsatis- 
factory to many and it was removed two 
years later to Steep Brook, which at that 
time and for some time after was a strong 
rival of Fall River in business. In 1816 
the office was reestablished at Fall River 
and Mr. Bowen was appointed postmas- 
ter, filling that office for eight years, until 
his death, when he was succeeded by his 
son, James G. Bowen, who was in office 
until 1831, and who was otherwise promi- 
nent in the busines life of Fall River — 
was at one time selectman of the town. 
It was at Abraham Bowen's suggestion 
that the name of the town was changed in 
1804 from Fall River to Troy, which name 
continued in use until 1833. Mr. Bowen 
was among the pioneers in the cloth-mak- 
ing industry in Fall River, being a promo- 
ter of the Fall River manufactory in 1813, 
and was one of the eight incorporators 
of Pocasset Manufacturing Company in 
1822. He was one of the three incorpora- 
tors of the Watuppa Reservoir Company, 
the other two being Oliver Chace, Sr., 
and Dexter Wheeler. His hospitable home 
was located at the northeast corner of 
Main and Bedford streets, where he fre- 
quently entertained prominent and dis- 
tinguished guests. Mr. Bowen died 
March 9. 1824. He married Ruth Graves, 
born August 6, 1769, daughter of James 
and Hope (Borden) Graves, of Provi- 
dence, and granddaughter of Richard 
Borden, of Fall River. She died August 
4, 1824, surviving her husband but a short 



time. Children : James G., born Decem- 
ber 2, 1795; John, September 15, 1797, 
died July 16, 1801 ; Amanda Malvina 
Fitz Allen, September 22, 1799, married, 
January 2, 1823, John C. Borden ; Zepha- 
niah, April 13, 1801, died September 7, 
1820; Abraham, mentioned below; Jen- 
nette, September 16, 1805, married Dr. 
Jason Archer; Nathan, May, 1808, died 
young; Ruth Victoria, December 22, 
1809, or 1810, married Dr. William H. 
Webster ; Aldeberanto Phoscofornia, June 
6, 181 1, married, April 19, 1829, Andrew 
C. Fearing, of Botson, and died at Ware- 
ham, Massachusetts. 

Abraham (2) Bowen, fourth son of 
Hon. Abraham (i) and Ruth (Graves) 
Bowen, was born August 26, 1803, in Fall 
River, and lived sixty-two years in one 
house, which he built on Rock street. He 
was occupied in teaming and was en- 
gaged in the shipping and grain business 
as a member of the firm of Read & 
Bowen. He was also for a long time a 
printer and publisher, editing a news- 
paper styled "All Sorts." He died in 
Somerset, Massachusetts, January 24, 
1889. He married in Fall River, Febru- 
ary 15, 1827. Sarah Ann, daughter of Ma- 
jor Joseph Evans and Sybil (Valentine) 
Read, a direct descendant of John Read, 
of Newport. She died in Somerset, July 
3, 1891. Her father. Major Joseph E. 
Read, was long prominent in the military 
affairs of Freetown, and after his removal 
to Fall River served several years as rep- 
resentative to the General Court of Mas- 
sachusetts. He was also special commis- 
sioner for Bristol county (see Read VI). 
Children of Abraham (2) Bowen: i. 
Ellen A., born February 15, 1830, mar- 
ried, September 17, 1873, A. J. Bealkey, 
and died May i, 1900, no issue. 2. Joseph 
Abraham, mentioned below. 3. Sarah V., 
born December 8, 1839, in the house built 
by her father, where she has always re- 
sided. 



39 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Joseph Abraham Bowen, only son of 
Abraham (2) and Sarah Ann (Read) 
Bowen, was born October 10, 1832, in 
Fall River, and spent his early days in 
his native city, attending private and 
public schools. After his eighth year his 
time was divided between study and work 
in his father's printing office. In 1849 he 
entered the Fall River High School as a 
member of the first class, and engaged in 
business on his own account in 1856, when 
he established a coal business located at 
Morgan's wharf at the foot of Walnut 
street. Later he purchased what was 
known as Slade's wharf, now Bowen's 
wharf, and still later a half interest in 
Morgan's wharf, after which his business 
was carried on at both wharves. Through 
his energy, business capacity and in- 
dustry he developed an extensive and suc- 
cessful business, which he continued ac- 
tively more than fifty-three years. He 
caused much dredging to be done at his 
wharf at heavy expense, and it was he 
who made the initial movement for the 
improvement of Fall River harbor. Mr. 
Bowen was active in public affairs and 
served in both branches of the city gov- 
ernment, being a member of the Common 
Council in 1862-63 and of the Board of 
Alderman in 1869-70. He was chairman 
of the committee to consider the advis- 
ability of establishing waterworks for the 
city, and after the analysis of various 
sources of water supply he made the re- 
port of that committee. As one of the 
first board of water commissioners he 
took an active part in the construction 01 
the waterworks system, and was for two 
years president of the board of trade. He 
was a director in a number of cotton in- 
dustries, was most active in promoting 
the business interests of the city, and was 
among its most highly esteemed and re- 
spected citizens. He died at his summer 
home in Warren, Rhode Island, Septem- 
ber 30, 1914, in his eighty-second year. 



and was buried in Oak Grove Cemetery, 
Fall River. He married, January 19, 
1865, in Fall River, Fanny Maria Corey, 
who was born in that city, August 21, 
1840, daughter of Jonathan and Clarissa 
(Bennett) Corey (see Corey VII and 
Bennett VI). They were the parents of 
two children, both born in Fall River: 
Joseph Henry, mentioned below; Fanny 
Corey, October 17, 1869, who was gradu- 
ated from the Fall River High School in 
1886 and from Smith College, Northamp- 
ton, Massachusetts, in 1890. Both Mrs. 
Bowen and her daughter are members of 
Quequechan Chapter, Daughters of the 
American Revolution, of Fall River. 

The Fall River "News," in commenting 
upon the death of Mr. Bowen, under date 
of September 30, 1914. editorially, said: 

In the death of Joseph A. Bowen, Fall River 
loses another of its business leaders. Just as he 
was about to finish the eighty-second year of his 
life, Mr. Bowen was called to cease from his 
earthly activities and relationships and to pass 
into the eternal life. He was in a family line that 
dates t>ack almost to the beginning of our history 
as a separate community. His ancestry included 
several of the families which have been promi- 
nent in the life of Fall River, including the Bor- 
dens, Durfees, Winslows, and others. The son of 
a printer, in whose office he worked in his early 
years, a member of the first class in our high 
school, he struck out in a new line of business in 
which he persisted throughout his long, active 
and useful life. For almost three-score years he 
had been engaged in the business of a coal dealer, 
in which he made a large success. Early in his 
active life, he started a movement for the im- 
provement of the harbor of Fall River and 
himself expended large sums for dredging to en- 
able boats of deep draught to come up to his 
wharves. Shipping of his own brought coal to his 
• yards. 

Not only for sea-going facilities do we owe 
much to Mr. Bowen's energy and foresight, but 
also for our water works system. As a member 
of the city government, he agitated the question 
of establishing such a system and was made 
chairman of a committee to consider its advis- 
ability. He wrote the report of the committee, 
and upon the adoption of its recommendation he 

40 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



was made a member of the first board of water 
commissioners and took an active part in the de- 
velopment of the plans. 

For two years Mr. Bowen was president of the 
Fall River Board of Trade. He was also director 
of several cotton manufacturing concerns. Thus 
he has had an important part in developing Fall 
River from its early days to its present condition 
of business and municipal life. In making that 
life what he thought it ought to be and might be- 
come, he was always an interested and many 
times a valuable contributor. He felt that the 
welfare of the church was essential to the wel- 
fare of any community, and he therefore gave 
that his cordial and earnest support. During the 
most or all of his life, he and his family were 
identified with the work of the Central Congrega- 
tional Church in its financial, social and spiritual 
affairs. His departure will add another to the 
severe losses which that church has sustained in 
recent years. 

With a wide acquaintance, both within and 
without the city, energetic and discerning, kindly 
in spirit and benevolent, Mr. Bowen, veteran coal 
dealer, valuable citizen, interested and helpful 
churchman, will be not a little missed, even 
though his state of health had already removed 
him from close connection with public and busi- 
ness affairs. 

Resolutions on Death of Joseph A. Bowen. 

At a meeting of the Pocahontas Operators' As- 
sociation, held at Bluefield, West Virginia, Octo- 
ber 6, 1914, the following resolutions were 
adopted : 

It is with feeling of profound sorrow and deep 
regret, that we learn of the death of Mr. Joseph 
A. Bowen, of Fall River, Massachusetts, which 
occurred September 30, 1914. 

In the death of Mr. Bowen, the Pocahontas 
Operators' Association has lost a true and sincere 
friend. He purchased in the year 1883, through 
Messrs. Castner & Co., Limited, of Philadelphia, 
the first cargo of Pocahontas coal shipped from 
Norfolk, Virginia, to New England, which he 
distributed to the cotton mills throughout Fall 
River, Massachusetts, and continued handling 
Pocahontas coal up to the time of his death. 

Mr. Bowen was a man of pleasing personality 
and sterling integrity. As a friend he inspired 
confidence and esteem, and it is, as such a friend, 
that we admired him and deeply mourn the loss 
we have suffered by his death. 

It is therefore resolved that this expression of our 
feelings be entered on the minutes of our associ- 
ation and copies of same be published in the 



Bluefield "Telegraph," the "Black Diamond," and 
the "Coal Trade Journal" as well as a copy for- 
warded with our deepest sympathy, to the mem- 
bers of his family. 

(Signed) 
Philip Goodwill, C. W. Boardman, 
Harry Bowen, Jenkin Jones, 

William D. Ord, W. H. Thomas, 
Jairus Collins, Morkiss Watts, 

G. S. Patterson, D. H. Barger, 
Isaac T. Mann, William J. Beury. 
John J. Lincoln, John T. Tierney, 

Secretary. Chairman. 

The Coal Trade Journal, Nov. 18, 1914. 

Joseph Henry Bowen, only son of 
Joseph Abraham and Fanny M. (Corey) 
Bowen, was born March 18, 1866, in Fall 
River, was graduated from the Fall River 
High School in 1883, from Phillips Exeter 
Academy in 1884, and from Harvard Uni- 
versity in 1888. After leaving college 
Mr. Bowen became associated in the coal 
business with his father, with which he is 
still connected. The firm has also been 
interested in shipping, being agents for 
coasting schooners engaged in the coal 
carrying trade. He married, June 19, 
1890, Mary S. Whitney, daughter of Ed- 
ward H. and Jennie (Hooper) Whitney, 
of Cambridge, Massachusetts, where she 
was born November 16. 1868. They have 
children, all born in Fall River: i. Joseph 
Whitney, born May 18, 1891, attended 
the Fall River High School, graduated 
from Phillips Exeter Academy in 1908, 
and from Harvard University in 1912, 
and is now associated with his father in 
the coal business ; he married, November 
16, 191 5, Florence Horton, daughter of 
Melvin Borden Horton, of Fall River. 2. 
Harold Corey, born May 26, 1896, at- 
tended the High School and Phillips 
Exeter Academy, now an assistant in the 
coal business. 3. Edward Hooper, born 
October 14, 1899, attended the Fall River 
High School, and is now at Phillips 
Exeter Academy. 



41 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(The Cook Line). 

(I) Captain Thomas Cook, the pro- 
genitor of the Cook family in America, 
was born probably in Essex, England, in 
the year 1603, and emigrated to New 
England in 1635-36, settling first in Bos- 
ton, Massachusetts. From there he went 
to Plymouth Colony at Taunton, Massa- 
chusetts, and was an original proprietor 
of the town in 1637. He was there with 
his son, Thomas Cook, in 1643. Probably 
both moved to Portsmouth, Rhode Island, 
early, where he was called '"captain ;" in 
1659 was commissioned to survey the 
west line of the Colony of Rhode Island. 
In 1637 Captain Thomas Cook united 
with a company of fifty-four persons and 
purchased from the Teliquet Indians the 
township known as Taunton and with 
other purchasers was an original proprie- 
tor of the city of Taunton. In 1643 he 
disposed of his interests in Taunton and 
removed with his family to the town of 
Portsmouth, originally called Pocasset, 
on the island called Rhode Island. On 
the 5th of October of that year he was 
voted on and received as an inhabitant by 
the council of the town. His lot, after- 
ward known as the ''home lot" of Captain 
Cook, was situated on the eastern shore 
of the island in the seaport of Ports- 
mouth, six miles from Newport, and there 
he established the first "homestead" of 
the Cook family in America. After a 
period of two hundred and thirty-three 
years, in 1876, all that was visible of the 
old "homestead" was the well and re- 
mains of the cellar and chimney of the 
house on the river bank a few rods from 
the wharf. While there he acquired other 
lands and at the time of his death the 
homestead contained (including the ad- 
joining land of his son, John) about two 
hundred acres. In 1664 Captain Thomas 
Cook was elected deputy member of the 
General Assembly of the colony from 
Portsmouth, the assembly then holding 



its sessions at Newport, Rhode Island. 
Captain Thomas Cook lived through the 
famous King Philip War and survived 
all the devastations and damages to him- 
self, family and property, his place now 
known as "Glen Farm." He was twice 
married, the Christian name of his second 
wife being Mary, born about 1605, mar- 
ried in England in 1626. He died Febru- 
ary 6, 1677, and his will, proved June 20, 
1677, gives to wife, son John and grand- 
children. His children were: Thomas, 
mentioned below; John, born 163 1; 
Sarah, 1633 ; George, 1635. 

(II) Captain Thomas (2) Cook, son of 
Captain Thomas (i) Cook, born 1628, 
was brought to America in 1635, landing 
in Boston. With his family he removed 
to Taunton in 1637, and thence to Ports- 
mouth in 1643, there spending the re- 
mainder of his life. He was considered a 
man of substance and distinction at Ports- 
mouth, where he was a freeman in 1655. 
In 1658 he acquired land in Tiverton, this 
being the first introduction of the Cook 
family there. He married Mary, daugh- 
ter of William and Dionis Havens, and 
his children were : Thomas, John, George, 
Stephen, Ebenezer, Phebe and Martha. 
He died in 1670-72. 

(HI) Captain John Cook, second son 
of Captain Thomas (2) and Mary 
(Havens) Cook, born 1652, and died 
October i, 1727. He was a freeman in 
1668. He was a noted Indian fighter, 
being a lieutenant of a Rhode Island com- 
pany of which John Almy was captain 
and Roger Golding ensign, and in 1704 
the General Assembly passed an act 
granting Captain John Cook compensa- 
tion for military services rendered to the 

colony. In 1680 he married Mary , 

and they lived in Portsmouth and Tiver- 
ton, Rhode Island, his dwelling at Tiver- 
ton being a large, fine house for the times. 
Their children were: Thomas, mentioned 
below; John, born 1685, married Eliza- 



42 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



beth Little; Peleg; George, 1690, mar- 
ried Jane Weeden ; Joseph, 1692 ; Sarah, 
1694; Phebe, 1696; Mary, 1698; De- 
borah, 1700, married Benjamin Tallman ; 
Martha, 1702, married Benjamin Sher- 
man; Patience, 1704, married Constant 
Church, of Freetown. 

(IV) Thomas (3) Cook, son of Captain 
John and Mary Cook, was born about 
1683. His children were : Oliver, born in 
1705; John, in 1707; Thomas, 1710; 
Phebe, 1712; Mary, 1714; Elizabeth, 
1716; Martha, 1718; Bathsheba, 1720; 
Sarah, 1722. 

(V) John (2) Cook, son of Thomas 
(3) Cook, born in 1707, married, April 
10, 1732, Martha Wood, of Dartmouth, 
daughter of Daniel and Elizabeth (Ric- 
ketson) Wood, born April 13, 1712. Their 
children of Tiverton town record were: 
Elizabeth, born February 5, 1735-36 (also 
of Dartmouth record) ; Rebecca, March 
17' 1738; Bathsheba, September 17, 1739; 
Hannah, mentioned below; Pardon, June 
28, 1743; Paul, June 5, 1745; Caleb, 
March 20, 1747; Bennet, April 4, 1749. 

(VI) Hannah Cook, fourth daughter of 
John (2) and Martha (Wood) Cook, was 
born June 25, 1741, and became the wife 
of Nathan Bowen, of Fall River (see 
Bowen). 

(The Read Line), 

The Read family is one of the oldest 
and best known families of this section of 
New England. The first of the name in 
New England was 

(I) John Read, who was a cordwainer 
by trade, according to tradition, as is his 
coming from Plymouth, England. He 
came to this country and was an inhabi- 
tant of Newport, Rhode Island. He had 
children: John, Ebenezer and Oliver. 

(II) John (2) Read, son of John (i) 
Read, born in Newport, Rhode Island, 
settled in Freetown, Massachusetts, 
where he married Hannah , who 



died April 12, 1727, aged eighty-four 
years. He was a cordwainer by trade, 
operated a tannery, reared his sons to the 
same occupation, which continued through 
four generations, and late in the eight- 
eenth century the business was bought 
out by Sarah Read's husband, Enoch 
French. It had become a large establish- 
ment at Troy, now called Fall River. 
John Read had children: Hannah, Joseph 
and John. He died in January, 1721. 

(III) John (3) Read, son of John (2) 
and Hannah Read, lived in Freetown, 
where for some thirty years he was town 
clerk. He married (first) Mary, daugh- 
ter of John and Mary (Tallman) Pearce. 
She died May 6, 1726, and he married 
(second) Susannah Brownell. Children: 
Mary, born November 19, 1690, married 
Samuel Forman ; John, June 12, 1694, 
married Mrs. Sarah Borden ; Thomas, 
May 9, 1696; Hannah, October 12, 1697; 
William, September 9, 1699; Oliver, 
October. 1701, married Martha Durfee; 
Penelope, October 12, 1703, married 
(first) February 3, 1726, Stephen Borden, 
and (second) July 3, 1739, John Bowen; 
Jonathan, January 23, 1705, married Hope 
Durfee; Joseph, mentioned below; Sarah, 
February i, 1709; Nathan, February 23, 
171 1 ; Susannah, February 27, 1715, mar- 
ried Joseph Borden. 

(IV) Joseph Read, sixth son of John 
(3) and Mary (Pearce) Read, born March 
3, 1708, married, January 25, 1732, Grace 
Pray, and they resided in Freetown, Mas- 
sachusetts. Children : William, men- 
tioned below ; Benjamin, born November 
15, 1733. married Sarah Evans; Hannah, 
December, 1734; Joseph, 1736, married 
Mary Cornell. 

(V) William Read, eldest child of 
Joseph and Grace (Pray) Read, born in 
1732, married (first) December 3, 1761, 
Ruth Evans, born in 1742, (second) 
Dorothy, born in 1745, daughter of Dea- 
con Samuel Read. She died December 



43 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



25, 1813. Children of William and Ruth 
(Evans) Reed: Elizabeth, born July 3, 
1763, died April 8, 1848, married Simeon 
Burr, of Easton ; Rebecca, born July 14, 
1765, died in 1796, married Guilford 
Evans; Ruth, born April 27, 1767, mar- 
ried Robert Porter, of Freetown ; Wil- 
liam, born July 15, 1769, married, January 
28, 1798, Prudence Valentine; Sarah, born 
July 15, 1769, married James Wrighten- 
ton, of Freetown; Thomas, died young; 
Rachel, born July i, 1773, married. May 

26, 1796, Anson Bliffins, of Freetown, a 
master mariner; John, born July 5, 1775, 
married, in 1799, Rosamond Hathaway; 
Joseph Evans, mentioned below ; Amy 
W., born January 3, 1779, married, Octo- 
ber 23, 1803, John Hathaway; Nancy, 
born October 8, 1781, married Ezra 
Davol ; Phebe, born October 4, 1783, mar- 
ried Henry Brightman, of Fall River. 

(VI) Joseph Evans Read, third son of 
William and Ruth (Evans) Read, born 
September 13, 1776, married, January 17, 
1803, Sybil Valentine, born in Freetown, 
Massachusetts, daughter of William and 
Sybil Valentine, and a descendant of one 
of the most prominent and well-known 
families of Boston and Freetown (see 
Valentine IV). Joseph E. Read removed 
with his family from Freetown to Fall 
River, where he located and spent the 
remainder of his life. Here both Mr. and 
Mrs. Read died. Their children were : 
William; Joseph; Paddock Richmond; 
Sarah Ann, mentioned below ; Rachel, 
married Benjamin Weaver, of Fall River ; 
James ; Frank ; Henry ; Caroline, who 
married Milton A. Clyde. 

(VII) Sarah Ann Read, daughter of 
Joseph Evans and Sybil (Valentine) 
Read, became the wife of Abraham 
Bowen, of Fall River (see Bowen). 



(The Corey Line). 



(I) William Cory, of 
Rhode Island, died 1682. 



Portsmouth, 
He was a 



carpenter and miller, had a grant of eight 
acres of land, December 10, 1657, was 
made freeman, May 18, 1658, and had 
one-third share of Dartmouth in 1669. 
He had a house and land in Portsmouth, 
which he leased in 1662. He was a jury- 
man in 1671, and on a committee of four 
appointed April 4, 1676, to have care of a 
barrel of powder and two great guns be- 
longing to the town. He was a member 
of a court marshal at Newport, August 
24, 1676, to try certain Indians for of- 
fences ; was deputy to the General Court 
in 1678-79 and 1680, and was succes- 
sively lieutenant and captain of the mili- 
tia. His will proved February 24, 1682, 
disposed of land to each of his sons and 
gave ten pounds in cash to each of his 
daughters. He married Mary Earl, 
daughter of Ralph and Joan (Savage) 
Earl, and they had children: John, men- 
tioned below; William, resided in Ports- 
mouth, where he died 1704; Mercy, mar- 
ried (first) Cornelius Jones, (second) 
Charles Gousales ; Anne; Thomas, died 
1738, in Tiverton ; Margaret, died young; 
Mary, married Thomas Cook ; Caleb, 
died 1704, in Dartmouth; Roger, died 
1754, in Richmond, Rhode Island; Joan, 
married a Taylor. 

(II) John Cory, eldest child of Wil- 
liam and Mary (Earl) Cory, resided in 
Portsmouth, East Greenwich and North 
Kingstown, and died in 1712 in the latter 
town. He was granted land in EaJst 
Greenwich, May 7, 1679; was freeman at 
Portsmouth in 1686, and had ten acres of 
land laid out to him in East Greenwich in 
that year. He purchased ninety acres of 
land there for forty pounds, April 4, 1705, 
and sold twelve acres for ninety pounds 
six days later. He sold fifty acres April 
i6th of the same year for three hundred 
and fifty pounds. He was living in Ports- 
mouth, October 4, 1707, when he deeded 
ninety acres with a house in East Green- 
wich to his son. William. Before the end 



44 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of that year he was deputy from Kings- 
town in the General Court. His will was 
proved July 14, 1712. His wife, Elizabeth 
Cory, survived him and died after 1713. 
Children : William, John, Elisha, Joseph 
and Thomas. 

(IV) Thomas Corey, grandson of John 
Cory, of Portsmouth, was born August 
12, 1731. He married, March 13, 1755, 
Elizabeth Briggs, daughter of Caleb 
Briggs, son of Richard Briggs, and grand- 
son of John Briggs. Children, recorded in 
East Greenwich ; Joseph, born December 
7, 1755, married Sarah Briggs ; Susannah, 
born October 12, 1760; Benjamin, men- 
tioned below. 

(V) Benjamin Corey, youngest child 
of Thomas and Elizabeth (Briggs) 
Corey, was born December 3, 1763, in 
East Greenwich, and married there 
Lucy Briggs, daughter of William and 
Levinia (Sweet) Briggs, of North Kings- 
town (see Briggs IV). Children: Wil- 
liam ; Eunice ; Benjamin ; Thomas, died 
young; Thomas Green, settled at Tyrone, 
New York ; Jonathan ; Timothy, died 
young. 

(VI) Jonathan Corey, son of Benja- 
min and Lucy (Briggs) Corey, was born 
March 30, 1793, in East Greenwich, where 
he grew up, receiving his education in the 
public schools of the town. In early 
manhood he became a teacher and was 
engaged in this occupation at various 
points in Rhode Island, Connecticut and 
New York. Later in life he was inter- 
ested in mercantile and mechanical pur- 
suits. On May 6, 1832, he was married 
to Clarissa Bennett, and a few years later 
settled in Fall River, Massachusetts, 
where he built a house which was ever 
after his home, in what is now a business 
section of the city. He died April 7, 
1866, and is buried in Oak Grove Ceme- 
tery. His wife, who was born September 
14, 1806, in Foster, Rhode Island, daugh- 



ter of Thomas and Tryphena (Grossman) 
Bennett, of that town, died at Fall River, 
January 27, 1888, and was buried beside 
her husband. Children: i. Lucy Emily, 
born June 23, 1836, married, November 
16, 1863, Rev. Charles A. Votey, a Bap- 
tist minister; they now live in Detroit, 
Michigan, and have one daughter, Clara 
Corey Votey, born February 18, 1869, a 
teacher in Detroit. 2. Fanny Maria, 
mentioned below. 3. and 4. Caroline 
Adelia and Harriet Marinda, twins, born 
September 15, 1843; the former died July 
10, 1844; Harriet Marinda Corey was 
educated in the public schools of Fall 
River, including the high school ; for a 
number of years she was a faithful and 
efficient teacher in the schools of that 
city ; after the death of her parents her 
home was with her sister, Mrs. Joseph A. 
Bowen ; she died November 4, 191 1, and 
is buried in the family lot at Oak Grove 
Cemetery. 

(VII) Fanny Maria Corey, second 
daughter of Jonathan and Clarissa (Ben- 
nett) Corey, born August 21, 1840, be- 
came the wife of Joseph Abraham Bowen, 
of Fall River (see Bowen). 

(The Bennett Line). 

(I) Samuel Bennett was a cooper, re- 
siding in Providence and East Green- 
wich, died in the latter town, September 
4, 1684. He was general sergeant of the 
colony in 1652 and purchased a house 
with a lot and orchard in that year. He 
was a freeman in 1655 and was paid 
twenty pounds for services as sergeant, 
October 2y, 1656. He was a commis- 
sioner in 1657, was a grand juror in 1661, 
and sold land in 1666. He subscribed to 
the oath of allegiance. May 31, 1666, was 
deputy in 1668, 1674 and 1678. He was 
granted one hundred acres of land in 
East Greenwich, May i, 1678. His will, 
proved at Providence, October 23, 1684, 



45 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



left a large amount of land, giving to 
each of his sons a farm. The inventory 
of his personal property amounted to 
sixty-two pounds, ten shillings. His wife 
Anna survived him and married (second) 
Moses Forman, she died after 1705. Chil- 
dren : Edward ; Elizabeth, married Ed- 
ward Inman ; Samuel, mentioned below ; 
William ; Benjamin ; Priscilla, married 
Stukeley Westcott. 

(II) Samuel (2) Bennett, second son 
of Samuel (i) and Anna Bennett, resided 
in East Greenwich and Coventry. Rhode 
Island, and died April 15, 1745. He was 
a carpenter by trade, was a freeman in 
1685, grand juror in 1688, and lieutenant 
of the military and deputy to the General 
Court in 1690. He married (first) Janu- 
ary 2, 1689, Sarah Forman, who died Au- 
gust 2, 1697, in East Greenwich. He mar- 
ried (second) April 25, 1699, Desire 
Berry, who died March 9, 1714. His 
third wife, whom he married in 171 5, bore 
the name of Rachel. Children of first 
marriage : Samuel, mentioned below ; 
Sarah, born January 31, 1693; Hannah, 
April 27, 1697. Children of second mar- 
riage : Elizabeth, November 19, 1699 ; 
Benjamin, born November 7, 1701 : John, 
October 15, 1703; William, May 15, 1706; 
Priscilla, October 7, 1708; Mary, April 
2, 171 1 ; Desire, February 12, 1713. 

(III) Samuel (3) Bennett, eldest child 
of Samuel (2) and Sarah (Forman) Ben- 
nett, resided in East Greenwich, and had 
a wife Mary. One child is recorded there, 
Hannah, born July 18, 1718. 

(IV) Samuel (4) Bennett, son of 
Samuel (3) and Mary Bennett, born 
about 1710-11, in East Greenwich, and 
resided there. He married, August 3, 
1732, Hannah Wade. They resided in 
Foster, Rhode Island, and Killingly, Con- 
necticut. Children: Zadock, born Au- 
gust 13, 1733; Nathan, mentioned below; 
Mary, September 6, 1736; Hannah, Octo- 
ber 13, 1738; Jean, October 10, 1740, died 



November 5, 1846; Eunice, February 14, 
1743; Betty, May 11, 1744; Lydia, No- 
vember 6, 1746; Jean, March 19, 1749, 
died August 16, 1759; Elijah, November 

3. 1753- 

(V) Nathan Bennett, second son of 
Samuel (4) and Hannah (Wade) Ben- 
nett, was born December 23, 1734, in 
Foster, Rhode Island, and lived probably 
in Killingly, Connecticut. 

(VI) Thomas Bennett, son of Nathan 
Bennett, of Foster, Rhode Island, mar- 
ried Tryphena Grossman, daughter of 
Asahel and Olive (Bliss) Grossman. 
Children : Clarissa, Asahel, Nathan, 
Tryphena C, Roxanna, Thomas B., 
Olive Rosella, Lydia Almira, Marcelia 
Meritta, Pardon Erastus. William Henry, 
Ann Eliza and Susan Maria. 

(VII) Clarissa Bennett, daughter of 
Thomas and Tryphena (Grossman) Ben- 
nett, married. May 6, 1832, Jonathan 
Corey, of Fall River (see Corey VI). 

(The Valentine Line). 

(I) John Valentine, said by good 
authority to be a son of Francis Valen- 
tine, lived for a time in Boston. He is 
said by one authority to have been a 
second cousin of Thomas Valentine. He 
married Mary Lynde. of Boston, daugh- 
ter of Samuel, and granddaughter of 
Simon Lynde. The former was admitted 
to the Ancient and Honorable Artillery 
Company of Boston in 1691, and the latter 
in 1658. Simon Lynde was born in Lon- 
don, in June, 1624, and came to Boston, 
about 1650. He was the son of Enoch 
and Elizabeth (Digby) Lynde. He mar- 
ried, February 22, 1652-53, Hannah New- 
gate (or Newdigate). daughter of John 
Newgate, who was a hatter in Boston, in 
1632. She was born June 28, 1635, and 
died December 20, 1684, in the same 
house in which she and the most of her 
twelve children were born. He died No- 
vember 22, 1687. He was an owner of 



46 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



land in Freetown, owning three of the 
original twenty-six lots in the Freeman's 
Purchase, two and one-half of which fell 
within the limits of Fall River when the 
latter town was set off from Freetown in 
1803, and equalled five-twenty-sevenths of 
the town. These three lots he gave to 
his son, Samuel, who was a merchant in 
Boston. Elizabeth Digby was from a 
distinguished family in England, as was 
the Lynde family, Enoch Lynde being a 
shipping merchant in England, where he 
died. John Valentine held the office of 
advocate-general of the Admiralty Court 
at the time of his death, in 1724. He was 
a lawyer of distinguished learning and 
integrity. He is also said to have been 
an aggressive and agreeable speaker. 
Samuel Lynde was a member of the first 
church in Boston. He died October 2, 
1721. His will was dated July 20, 1720. 
Through the Lynde family. John Valen- 
tine inherited valuable property, and he 
was one of the wealthy citizens of Massa- 
chusetts. The children of John and 
Mary (Lynde) Valentine were : Samuel, 
mentioned below ; Elizabeth, born Feb- 
ruary 22, 1704, married James Gooch ; 
John, born November 8, 1706, died Sep- 
tember 24, 1711, in England; Edmond, 
born January 16, 1709, died January 30, 
1710; Thomas, born August 3, 1713, mar- 
ried Elizabeth Gooch ; Mary, born March 
23, 1714, married a Durfee ; Edmond, 2d, 
born October 22, 1717, died July 4, 1730. 
(II) Samuel Valentine, eldest child of 
John and Mary (Lynde) Valentine, was 
born December 28, 1702, probably in 
Boston, and died in Freetown, March 14, 
1781. He married (first) in Tiverton, 
Rhode Island, June 25, 1729, Abigail Dur- 
fee, born in Tiverton, died in Freetovi'n, 
July 13, 1765, daughter of William and 
Mary Durfee, of Tiverton, and grand- 
daughter of Thomas Durfee, born 1643, 
who came in 1660 to America from Eng- 
land, and died at Portsmouth, Rhode 



Island, July, 1712. He married (second) 
Rebecca Hall, of Swansea, in October, 

1766. His son, William Durfee, born 
about 1673, died in Tiverton, 1727. He 
had a wife Ann, and daughter Abigail, 
born about 1710, who married Samuel 
Valentine, as above noted. The children 
of Samuel Valentine were : Lynde, born 
March 18, 1730, married Sarah Evans, of 
Freetown, and died September 10, 1773; 
Samuel, born in 1731. married Mary 
Evans, of Freetown, and died July 14, 
1768; Joseph, married Hannah Strange, 
of Freetown ; Mary, married Nathaniel 
Bliffins, of Swansea, December 29, 1757; 
Lucy, born February 20, 1740, married 
Philip Hathaway, of Freetown ; William, 
mentioned below ; John, born April 29, 
1743, married Hannah Winslow, of Free- 
town; David, born October 2, 1745, mar- 
ried Hannah Hathaway, of Freetown ; 
Abigail, born September 25, 1746, married 
Luther Miles, of Freetown. 

(III) William Valentine, son of 
Samuel and Abigail (Durfee) Valentine, 
was born March 17, 1741, in Freetown, 
and died there December 2, 1801. He was 
a farmer, and married there, March 8, 

1767, Sybil Winslow, born September 7, 
1748, in Freetown, died in Fall River, 
May 20. 1816, daughter of George and 
Phebe (Tisdale) Winslow. The children 
of William, and Sybil (Winslow) Valen- 
tine were: Lucy, born May 7, 1768, mar- 
ried Harvey Simmons, and died March 
17, 1841 ; Phebe, born June 16, 1771, mar- 
ried (first) Luther \\'inslow, and 
(second) John Perrit Webb, and died 
February 5, 1856; Lois, married Benja- 
min Brown, of Freetown ; Prudence, born 
May 8, 1777, married William Read, of 
Freetown, and died November 15, 1843; 
Sybil, mentioned below ; Mercy, married 
Frederick Winslow, of Fall River; Sally, 
married Edmond French, of Berkley; 
Edmond, died aged twenty-two years. 

(IV) Sybil Valentine, sixth daughter 



47 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of William and Sybil (Winslow) Valen- 
tine, was born December 19, 1779, in 
Freetown, and died July 5, 1857, in Fall 
River. She married, January 17, 1803, in 
Freetown, Colonel Joseph Evans Read, of 
that town (see Read VI). 

(V) Sarah Ann Read, daughter of 
Colonel Joseph Evans and Sybil (Valen- 
tine) Read, was born April 17, 1804, and 
became the wife of Abraham Bowen, of 
Fall River (see Bowen VII). 

(The Bliss Line). 

The Bliss family seems to be descended 
from the Norman family of Blois, gradu- 
ally modified to Bloys, Blyse, Blysse, 
Blisse, and in America finally to Bliss, 
dated back to the time of the Norman 
Conquest. The name is not common in 
England. The coat-of-arms borne by the 
Bliss and Bloys families is the same: 
Sable, a bend vaire, between two fleur-de- 
lis or. Crest : A hand holding a bundle 
of arrows. Motto : Semper sursmn. The 
ancient traditions of the Bliss family 
represent them as living in the south of 
England and belonging to the class 
known as English yeomanry or farmers, 
though at various times some of the 
family were knights or gentry. They 
owned the houses and lands they occu- 
pied, were freeholders and entitled to vote 
for members of Parliament. In the early 
days they were faithful Roman Catholics, 
but later after England had become 
Protestant they became Puritans and be- 
came involved in the contentions between 
Charles I. and Parliament. 

(I) Thomas Bliss, the progenitor, lived 
in Belstone parish, Devonshire, England. 
Very little is known of him except that 
he was a wealthy landowner, that he be- 
longed to the class stigmatized as 
Puritans on account of the purity and 
simplicity of their forms of worship, that 
he was persecuted by the civil and 
religious authorities under the direction 



of Archbishop Laud, and that he was mal- 
treated, impoverished and imprisoned and 
finally ruined in health, as well as finan- 
cially, by the many indignities and hard- 
ships forced on him by the intolerant 
church party in power. He is supposed 
to have been born about 1550 or 1560. 
The date of his death was 1635 or about 
that year. When the Parliament of 1628 
assembled, Puritans or Roundheads, as 
the Cavaliers called them, accompanied 
the members to London. Two of the sons 
of Thomas Bliss, Jonathan and Thomas, 
rode from Devonshire on iron grey 
horses, and remained for some time in 
the city — long enough at least for the 
kings officers and spies to learn their 
names and condition, and whence they 
came, and from that time forth with 
others who had gone to London on the 
same errand they were marked for de- 
struction. They were soon fined a thou- 
sand pounds for non-conformity and 
thrown into prison where they remained 
many weeks. Even old Mr. Thomas 
Bliss, their father, was dragged through 
the streets with the greatest indignity. 
On another occasion the officers of the 
high commission seized all their horses 
and sheep except one poor ewe that in 
its fright ran into the house and took 
refuge under a bed. At another time the 
three brothers, with twelve other Pur- 
itans, were led through the marketplace 
in Okehampton with ropes around their 
necks and fined heavily, and Jonathan 
and his father were thrown into prison 
where the sufferings of the son eventually 
c-aused his death. The family was unable 
to secure the release of both Jonathan 
and his father, so the younger man had 
to remain in prison and at Exeter he 
suffered thirty-five lashes with a three- 
corded whip which tore his back in a cruel 
manner. Before Jonathan was released 
the estate had to be sold. The father 
and mother went to live with their daugh- 
48 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ter who had married a man of the Estab- 
lished Church, Sir John Calcliffe. The 
remnant of the estate was divided among 
the three sons who were advised to go 
to America where they might escape 
persecution. Thomas and George feared 
to wait for Jonathan who was still very 
ill and. left England in the fall of 1635 
with their families. Thomas Bliss, son 
of Jonathan and grandson of Thomas (i) 
Bliss, remained with his father, who 
finally died, and the son then came to 
join his uncles and settled near Thomas. 
At various times their sister sent from 
England boxes of shoes, clothing and 
articles that could not be procured in the 
colonies, and it is through her letters 
long preserved, but now lost, that knowl- 
edge of the Devonshire family was pre- 
served. Children : Jonathan, mentioned 
below; Thomas, born in Belstone, Eng- 
land, about 1585; Elizabeth, married Sir 
John Calcliiife, of Belstone ; George, born 
1591, settled at Lynn and Sandwich, Mas- 
sachusetts, and Newport, Rhode Island ; 
Mary or Polly. 

(II) Jonathan Bliss, son of Thomas 
Bliss, of Belstone, was born about 1580 
at Belstone, died in England in 1635-36. 
On account of his non-conformity views 
he was persecuted and sufTered heavy 
fines, eventually dying at an early age 
from a fever contracted in prison. Four 
children are said to have died in infancy 
and two grew up: Thomas, mentioned 
below ; Mary. 

(III) Thomas (2) Bliss, son of Jona- 
than Bliss, of Belstone, England, was 
born there, and on the death of his father 
in 1636 he went to Boston, Massachu- 
setts, and from there to Braintree, same 
State. He next went to Hartford, Con- 
necticut, and finally to Weymouth, Mas- 
sachusetts, whence in 1643 he joined in 
making a settlement at Rehoboth. He 
was made freeman at Cambridge, May 18, 
1642, and in Plymouth Colony, January 

iiASS-Voi 111-4 49 



4, 1645. In June, 1645, he drew land at 
the Great Plain, Seekonk; in 1646 he was 
fence viewer; surveyor of highways in 
1647. He died at Rehoboth in June, 1649, 
and is buried in the graveyard at Seekonk, 
Massachusetts, now Rumford, East 
Providence, Rhode Island. His will was 
proved June 8, 1649. His wife's name 
was Ide. Children: Jonathan, mentioned 
below ; daughter, married Thomas Wil- 
liams ; Mary, married Nathaniel Harmon, 
of Braintree; Nathaniel, seems to have 
left no descendants of the Bliss name. 

(IV) Jonathan (2) Bliss, son of Thomas 
(2) and Ide Bliss, was born about 1625 in 
England, and in 1655 was made freeman 
of the Plymouth Colony. He was ap- 
pointed "way warden" at the town meet- 
ing in Rehoboth, May 24, 1652, and May 
17. 1655, was on the grand jury. He was 
a blacksmith, was made a freeman in Re- 
hoboth, February 22, 1658, drew land, 
June 22, 1658, and was one of the eighty 
who made what is known as the North 
Purchase. He married, 1648-49, Miriam 
Harmon, probably a sister of his sister's 
husband. He died in 1687. The inven- 
tory of his estate was sworn to May 23, 
1687; the magistrate was the famous gov- 
ernor, Sir Edmund Andros. Children: 
Ephraim, born 1649 ! Rachel, December 
I, 1651 ; Jonathan, March 4, 1653, died 
same year; Mary, September 31 (sic), 
1655; Elizabeth, January 29, 1657; 
Samuel, June 24, 1660; Martha, April, 
1663; Jonathan, mentioned below (some- 
times recorded Timothy) ; Dorothy, Jan- 
uary 27, 1668; Bethia, August, 1671. 

(V) Jonathan (3) Bliss, fourth son of 
Jonathan (2) and Miriam (Harmon) 
Bliss, was born September 17, 1666, and 
died October 16, 1719. His name was 
sometimes recorded Timothy. He was a 
man of standing and influence in Reho- 
both and held various town offices. It is 
said that he gave the land for the old 
cemetery about two miles south of Reho- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



both Village whereon a church was built. 
He married (first) June 23, 1691, Miriam 
Carpenter, born October 26, 1674, died 
May 21, 1706, daughter of William and 
Miriam (Searles) Carpenter. Her brother 
Daniel married Bethia Bliss, her hus- 
band's sister. Jonathan Bliss married 
(second) April 10, 171 1, Mary French, of 
Rehoboth, who married (second), as his 
third wife, Peter Hunt, and died Decem- 
ber 10, 1754, aged seventy. Children : 
Jonathan, born June 5, 1692, died May 3, 
1770; Jacob, March 21, 1694; Ephraim, 
December 28, 1695, died young; Elisha, 
October 4, 1697; Ephraim, August 15, 
1699; Daniel, mentioned below; Noah, 
May 18, died September 20, 1704; Miriam, 
August 9, 1705. Children of second wife : 
Mary, November 23, 1712; Hannah, Jan- 
uary 7, 1715; Bethiah, May 10, 1716; 
Rachel, August 10, 1719. 

(VI) Daniel Bliss, sixth son of Jona- 
than (3) and Miriam (Carpenter) Bliss, 
was born at Rehoboth, January 21, 1702, 
died August 25, 1782. He married, Janu- 
ary 26, 1725, Rev. David Turner officiat- 
ing, Dorothy Fuller, of Rehoboth, born 
in Rehoboth, July 12, 1706, died there 
January 7, 1778. Dorothy Fuller was the 
daughter of Samuel and Dorothy (Wil- 
marth) Fuller, granddaughter of Samuel 
and Mary (Ide) Fuller, great-grand- 
daughter of Robert and Sarah (Bowen) 
Fuller. Dorothy Wilmarth was the 
daughter of John and Ruth (Kendrick) 
Wilmarth, granddaughter of George and 
Ruth (Bowen) Kendrick. Sarah (Bowen) 
Fuller and Ruth (Bowen) Kendrick v/ere 
the daughters of Richard Bowen, one of 
the original settlers of Rehoboth (see 
Bowen). Children, born in Rehoboth: 
Daniel, November 16, 1726; Dorothy, 
January 13, 1729, married, April 12, 1752, 
Elisha Allen; Jacob, February 16, 1732; 
Noah, mentioned below ; Ruth, October 
23, 1736; Bethiah, July 18, 1738; Joseph, 
May 3, 1742; Sibbell, October 2, 1745. 



(VII) Noah Bliss, fourth son of Daniel 
and Dorothy (Fuller) Bliss, was born 
October 24, 1734, in Rehoboth, and mar- 
ried there, March 18. 1756, AHthea 
Drowne, of Rehoboth. 

(VIII) Olive Bliss, eldest daughter of 
Noah and Alithea (Drowne) Bliss, was 
born May 15, 1765, and died August 27, 
181 5. She married. May 5, 17S5, Asahel 
Grossman, of Taunton, Massachusetts, 
who was a direct descendant of Robert 
Grossman, one of the earliest settlers of 
Taunton. Asahel Grossman was a Revo- 
lutionary soldier. He responded to the 
Lexington Alarm of April 19, 1775, and 
served at the siege of Boston. He was 
corporal in 1776, in Captain Zebedee 
Redding's company. Colonel Josiah Whit- 
ing's regiment, and in 1778 served under 
Captain Samuel Fales in Rhode Island. 
He died at Foster, Rhode Island, Janu- 
ary 30, 1837. Through descent from this 
Revolutionary soldier, Mrs. Joseph A. 
Bowen, of Fall River, and her daughter. 
Miss Fanny Corey Bowen, are affiliated 
with Quequechan Chapter, Daughters of 
the American Revolution, of Fall River 
(see Bowen). The children of Asahel 
and Olive (Bliss) Grossman, all born in 
Foster, Rhode Island, were : Asahel, 
Tryphena, Alithea, Olive, Ephraim and 
Ezra, twins. 

(The Briggs Line). 

(I) John Briggs, of Kingstown and 
East Greenwich, Rhode Island, was clerk 
of a military company in Kingstown, 
May 20, 1671, and the same day sub- 
scribed to the oath of allegiance. With 
five others he purchased a tract of land 
at Quohessett in Narragansett from the 
chief sachem of the Indians, January i, 
1672. Ten days later he purchased fifty- 
seven acres in Kingstown for five pounds, 
and in the following year was made a 
freeman. He was constable in 1687, in 
which year he was taxed five shillings and 



50 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



eight pence. Both he and his wife 
Frances died after 1697. Children: 
Thomas, died in East Greenwich, 1736; 
Daniel, died there, 1730; John, born Janu- 
ary 25, 1668; James, February 12, 1671 ; 
Frances, died in twenty-first year; Rich- 
ard, mentioned below ; Robert, born No- 
vember 13, 1678; Mary, September 2, 
1681 ; Ann, September 2, 1683 ; Sarah, 
April 12, 1685. 

(II) Richard Briggs, fifth son of John 
and Frances Briggs, resided in Kings- 
townand East Greenwich, and died in 1733. 
His personal property was inventoried at 
four hundred and eighty-four pounds, in- 
cluding bonds of one hundred and ninety- 
eight pounds, fourteen shillings, horse 
valued at twenty-six pounds and cattle at 
eighty-three pounds. His will made 
March 29, proved April 28, 1733, left to 
his son John the homestead farm and 
lands to sons Caleb and Francis. He 
married (first) December 23, 1700, Su- 
sanna Spencer, born December i, 1681, 
daughter of John and Susanna Spencer, 
of Newport and East Greenwich, died 
before 1726, probably before 1720. His 
second wife. Experience, died in 1733. 
Children of first marriage : Richard, born 
October 17, 1701 ; Francis, mentioned be- 
low; Audrey, August 10, 1705; Susanna 
December 31, 1707; John, February 8 
1709; Sarah, February 27, 1710; Caleb 
February 2, 1713; Ann, October 25, 1715 
By second marriage : Mary, January 27 
1727; Philip, November 7, 1728; Daniel 
March 29, 1730; Alice, February 17, 1732 

(HI) Francis Briggs, second son of 
Richard and Susanna (Spencer) Briggs, 
was born October 27, 1703, in East Green- 
wich, and lived in that town, where he 
married, October 17, 1725, Mercy Mat- 
teson, daughter of Thomas and Martha 
Matteson, born April 28, 1707, in East 
Greenwich. 

(IV) William Briggs, son of Francis 
and Mercy (Matteson) Briggs, lived in 



North Kingstown. He married in East 
Greenwich, May 20, 1759, Levinia Sweet, 
daughter of Timothy and Sarah (Mat- 
teson) Sweet, of East Greenwich (see 
Sweet VI). 

(V) Lucy Briggs, daughter of William 
and Levinia (Sweet) Briggs, became the 
wife of Benjamin Corey, of East Green- 
wich (see Corey V). 

(The Sweet Line). 

The surname Sweet is identical with 
Swett, Sweat, Sweete and is variously 
spelled in the early records. The Sweet 
family is of ancient English lineage and 
has produced many distinguished men. 
The Rhode Island family has had many 
prominent surgeons, not only in Rhode 
Island, but in Massachusetts and New 
York. The family is noted for its "natural 
bone-setters," exhibiting to a remarkable 
degree hereditary skill in this line of pro- 
fessional work. 

(I) John Sweet was born in England, 
and came early in life to Salem, Massa- 
chusetts. He was doubtless related to 
John Sweet or Swett, who settled in 
Newbury among the pioneers and whose 
descendants have mostly spelled the name 
Swett. It is doubtful as to which of the 
Johns killed the famous wolf dog of Gov- 
ernor John Endicott. He left Salem in 
1637 and settled in Providence, Rhode 
Island, where he had a grant of land in 
1637 and died in the same year. After- 
ward his widow received another grant 
of land there. Rev. Hugh Peters, of 
Salem, wrote in a letter dated July i, 
1639, of the widow and certain others, 
that they had "the great censure passed 
upon them in this our church and that 
they wholly refused to hear the church, 
denying it and all churches in the Bay to 
be true churches'' etc. John Sweet's 
widow married (second) Ezekiel Holli- 
man. Her will, dated July 31, 1681, gave 
among other bequests all her interest in 



51 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the house at Warwick to her son-in-law, 
John Gereardy, and her daughter Re- 
newed. Children: John, mentioned be- 
low; James, born in England, 1622, died 
in Kingstown, Rhode Island, 1695 ; Re- 
newed, married John Gereardy. 

(II) John (2) Sweet, eldest child of 
John (i) Sweet, was born about 1620 in 
England, and died in 1677 at Newport, 
Rhode Island. He was owner of a grist 
mill at Patowomut, in Rhode Island, 
burned by the Indians in 1675 in King 
Philip's War, was admitted a freeman in 
1655, and took the oath of allegiance. May 
20, 1671. His wife Elizabeth was born 
in 1629 and died in 1684. She deposed, 
September 18, 1684, that she was aged 
forty-five years, and that after the war 
she returned with the children to Pato- 
womut. Children : John ; Daniel, of War- 
wick ; James ; Henry, mentioned below ; 
Richard, of West Greenwich ; Benjamin, 
of East Greenwich ; William, of East 
Greenwich ; Jeremiah ; and a daughter. 

(III) Henry Sweet, fourth son of John 
(2) and Elizabeth Sweet, resided in East 
Greenwich, and had a wife Mary. The 
following children are recorded in East 
Greenwich: Henry, born March 11, 
1682; John, March 24, 1684; Joseph, 
March 7, 1687; Benjamin, March 29, 1690; 
Mary, February 10, 1692 ; Johannah, Feb- 
ruary 13, 1695; William, August i, 1698; 
Eals and Ruth (twin daughters), July 10, 
1700; Elizabeth, February 25, 1704; Sus- 
anna, May 17, 1706; Griffin, September 
15, 1709; Hannah, February 8, 1712. 

(IV) Joseph Sweet, third son of Henry 
and Mary Sweet, was born March 7, 
16S7, in East Greenwich, in which town 
he resided. He married, March 26, 1709, 
Rachel Edmunds, probably daughter of 
Andrew and Mary (Hearndon) Edmunds, 
of Providence, born about 1689. Chil- 
dren: Henry, born August 9, 1710; Tim- 
othy, mentioned below ; Joseph, October 



12, 1715; Jedediah, July 12, 1718; Ebe- 
nezer, October 27, 1720; Joshua, Feb- 
ruary 25, 1723. 

(V) Timothy Sweet, second son of 
Joseph and Rachel (Edmunds) Sweet, 
was born May 27, 1713, in East Green- 
wich, in which town he lived. He mar- 
ried, December 22, 1734, Sarah Matteson, 
born April 13, 1710, daughter of Henry 
and Judith (Weaver) Matteson. Chil- 
dren not recorded. Family records show 
that the following was his daughter. 

(VI) Levinia Sweet, daugluer of Tim- 
othy and Sarah (Matteson) Sweet, mar- 
ried William Briggs, of North Kingstown 
(see Briggs IVj. 



GARDNER, Eugene C, 

Architect, Legislator, Author. 

An analysis of the life record of the 
late Eugene C. Gardner, one of the most 
notable citizens of Springfield, a student 
of civic problems and a well-known 
author, shows that keen discrimination 
and unflagging industry constituted the 
principal elements in the success which 
crowned his efforts. He was a familiar 
figure on the streets of Springfield and in 
the elder society of that city. His was a 
character of the admirable New England 
type, in which independence of thought 
and speech matched principle and honor 
of action, and a cultivated mind joined a 
practical sense in making effective his 
strong bent toward bettering things in 
the interest of the people. 

Eugene C. Gardner was born in Ashfield, 
Massachusetts, March 28, 1836, son of 
Bela and Lucy (Barber) Gardner, grand- 
son of John Barber, who came to this 
country with Samual Slater, founder of 
the Slater cotton mills in Providence, 
Rhode Island, and a lineal descendant on 
the paternal side of a family who left 
Hingham, Massachusetts, in the middle 



5^ 




J-^u^.&^^^- ^■^^.. y,o< 



<^Ci^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of the eighteenth century to live in West- 
ern Massachusetts for several genera- 
tions, generally followed the occupation 
of farming. 

Eugene C. Gardner spent his early life 
in Ashfield assisting with the work of the 
home farm and attending the district 
school and Ashfield and Conway acade- 
mies. He learned the trade of mason and 
for a time worked as a journeyman 
mason in New Ipswich, New Hampshire, 
then went to Florence, whither his par- 
ents had removed. The family were Uni- 
versalists in their religious associations, 
and upon their removal to Florence they 
became connected with the Free Reli- 
gious Society of that place, which was 
then ministered to by famous speakers 
from all around the country. Abolition- 
ism found its home there, and in that 
atmosphere Mr. Gardner grew up and his 
character was developed. After his mar- 
riage, in 1858, he and his wife went West 
and the following four years he served as 
principal of the Tallmadge Academy at 
Akron, Ohio. He then returned to Flor- 
ence, but in the following year, 1863, 
opened an office in Northampton, Massa- 
chusetts, as a surveyor and architect, and 
so continued until 1868, when he removed 
to Springfield, same State, and entered 
into partnership with Jason Perkins. 
Five years later this connection was dis- 
solved and Mr. Gardner continued in the 
same line of business on his own account. 
In 1888 he admitted his son, George C. 
Gardner, and George R. Pyne into part- 
nership, and Mr. Pyne remained a mem- 
ber of the firm until 1901, and from that 
time until the death of the senior mem- 
ber, February 7, 1915, the father and son 
conducted the business under the name 
of E. C. & G. C. Gardner. During the 
earlier years of the business before the 
latter partnership was formed, Mr. Gard- 
ner designed many buildings, largely 
houses and what was then the largest 



mill in the country in ground space of the 
Willimantic Knitting Company at Willi- 
mantic, Connecticut, and by 1887 he had 
made plans for buildings in all but two 
of the States and Territories of the 
United States. The important buildings 
in this region which he planned during 
this period and up to the time of his 
death include the Springfield Hospital, 
the Republican Building, the Hotel 
Worthy, the Park Congregational Church 
in W^est Springfield, the J. H. Appleton, 
Homer Foot and Joseph H. Wesson 
houses in Springfield, the James A. Rum- 
rill house in New London, Connecticut, 
the Morgan Envelope Building on Harri- 
son avenue and a dozen or more Spring- 
field school buildings. During the winter 
of 1886-87 1^6 opened an office in Atlanta, 
Georgia, and designed the Grady Memo- 
rial Hospital in that city. After a year 
in Europe he returned to Springfield, and 
during the winters of 1888-89 conducted 
an office in Washington, D. C. During 
this period he also made plans for the 
Holyoke Hospital, hospitals in Glouces- 
ter and South Framingham, the Merrick 
mills in Holyoke, the William Whiting 
house in Holyoke. When the Boston & 
Albany railroad was building a series of 
new stone stations, Mr. Gardner made 
plans for a number of them. Some of 
the public and semi-public building of 
Springfield designed by Mr. Gardner 
and his son since they entered into part- 
nership are the Science Museum, the 
Chestnut Street School, the New Street 
Railway building, the Technical High 
School, Faith Church and the Hitchcock 
building. In other places are the State 
Hospital in Westfield, the Westfield Nor- 
mal School dormitory, the Gilbert Memo- 
rial Library at Gilbertville. 

Mr. Gardner was a member of the Leg- 
islature from the Third Hampden Dis- 
trict of 1901 and declined to be a candi- 
date for a second term. Mr. Gardner's 



53 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



writings for "The Republican"' have 
formed a great part of his service to the 
public. He was the first of architects to 
really advise and assist people in building 
and furnishing and then taking care of 
their own houses. The ready and easy 
grace and wit of his writing combined 
with the actual presentation of facts 
made this accessory gospel of domesticity- 
practical. Besides these, Mr. Gardner's 
letters to "The Republican" on all mat- 
ters of public concern and questions of 
art and beauty of the city and country ; 
his pleasant essays of nature, and not 
infrequently ventures into rhythmical 
and poetical thought, have shown the 
versatility and brightness of mind which 
always found a receptive audience. He 
was the author of "Homes and How 
to Make Them.,'' "Illustrated Homes," 
"Home Interiors," "House That Jill 
Built," "Town and Country School 
Houses," and "Common Sense in Church 
Building." He was a member of the 
Boston Society of Architects and the 
American Institute of Architects. 

The sojourn in his home of three of the 
boys placed by the Chinese government 
in American homes more than forty years 
ago to be educated in our schools and our 
ways and ideas was an extremely inter- 
esting experience to Mr. Gardner and 
his wife, who became the good friends 
and wise guides of these high-bred 
youths, and were remembered, and are 
to this day remembered, by them and 
their families. All three became notable 
men in their own country. Tong Shao Yi 
was acting viceroy of Pechili province 
under Yuan Shi Kai, when the Boxer 
rebellion broke out ; he was subsequently 
appointed envoy to Tibet, and before he 
had assumed his duties was appointed 
ambassador to Great Britain, but prefer- 
red to go to Tibet. He is now Minister 
of Foreign Affairs, under China's new 
Republic. Liang Yu Ho began his serv- 



ice to his government as vice-consul in 
Korea, became consul, practically gov- 
ernor, of Mukden, in Manchuria, and 
afterward head of the Chinese railroad 
system. Wong Yu Chiang became a 
prosperous merchant. These Chinese 
gentlemen showed their estimate of the 
valuable influences of the Gardner home 
by sending four bo3'S of the second gen- 
eration who became in 1905 members of 
the Gardner household and remained for 
several years, later attending college in 
this country. These men have now 
returned to China and are occupying 
prominent official and business positions. 
Still more recently two daughters of Tong 
Shao Yi boys received the benefit of Mr. 
Gardner's hospitality in the same way. 
Two of these elder pupils. Tong Shao Yi 
and Liang Yu Ho visited Mr. Gardner in 
the course of travel through this country. 
Mr. Gardner married, September 7, 
1858, Harriet Bellows Hubbard, a native 
of Ashfield, Massachusetts, daughter of 
John Hubbard, of New Ipswich, New 
Hampshire. 



GORDON, Lyman Francis, 

A Factor in the Indnstrial Life of Worcester. 

The Gordon clan has a record back to 
the time of Malcolm III. Burke says: 
"George, the fifth Duke of Gordon, chief 
of the distinguished clan of Gordon, died 
May 28, 1636, when the dukedom became 
extinct and the Marquisate of Huntley 
passed to his kinsman the Earl of Aboyne. 
His Grace's sisters and co-heirs were 
Charlotte, Duchess-dowager of Rich- 
mond; Madelina, married (first) Sir 
Robert Sinclair, bart., and (second) 
Charles Fyshe Palmer of Luckley Park. 
Susan, duchess of Manchester; Louisa, 
marchioness of Cornwallis ; Georgianna, 
duchess-dowager of Bedford. The diver- 
gent branches of Gordon of Huntley were 
the Gordons of Abergeldie, the Gordons 



54 





^C^^^-sz-c-t, 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of Gight, the old Gordons of Chinz, from 
whom John Taylor Gordon, Esq., M. D., 
the Gordons, Earls of Aboyne, now mar- 
quesses of Huntley, etc. Arms: (i) 
Quarterly, azure three boars' heads erased 
gules ; three for Gordon ; (2) or three 
lions heads erased gules langues azure for 
Badenoch ; (3) or three crescents a double 
tressure gules for Seton ; (4) azure three 
cinquefoils argent for Frazer. Crest: In 
a ducal coronet or a stag's head and neck, 
affrontee proper attired with ten tynes of 
the first. Supporters : Two deerhounds 
(i. e. Greyhounds argent each gorged 
with collar gules charged with three 
buckles or. Alotto above the crest: 
Bydand. Below the shield : Aniino iwn 
astutia. The most ancient of the eighty- 
five coats-of-arms borne by the family is 
described : Azure three boars' heads 
couped or. The three boars' heads appear 
in most of the Gordon arms. The head 
of the clan is the Marquis of Huntley and 
one of his ancestors raised the first regi- 
ment of Gordon Highlanders. Gordon 
Castle is the family seat. The badge of 
the family is Ivy. War cry: A Gordon! 
A Gordon ! 

(i) Alexander Gordon, the first of this 
family in America, was born in Scotland. 
Alexander Gordon fought in General 
Monk's army which was overcome while 
fighting for King Charles at the battle 
of Worcester. He was one of Crom.well's 
prisoners of war sent to this country in 
the ship "Liberty," Captain John Allen, 
who at the time was a leading shipmaster 
out of Charlestown. He bought land at 
Concord. Massachusetts, and began to cut 
timber there. He emigrated to New 
Hampshire in 1660, landing at Ports- 
mouth, and ascending the Pisctataqua 
and Swamscott rivers, settled on Little 
river, a tributary of the Swamscott in the 
township of Exeter. He married a daugh- 
ter of Nicholas Lysson, a townsman of 



Exeter, as the selectmen of that day were 
called. Mr. Gordon died in 1697, his wife 
Mary surviving him. Children : Eliza- 
beth, born February 2T), 1664, died March 
15, 1696-97, married Thomas Emerson; 
Nicholas, born March 23, 1665-66, died 
1748; Mary, born May 22, 1668; John, 
October 26, 1670, married Sarah Allen ; 
James, July 22, 1673, died 1717, married 
Abiah Redman; Alexander, December i, 
1675, died 1730, married Sarah Sewell; 
Thomas, mentioned below ; Daniel, mar- 
ried Margaret Harriman. 

(II) Thomas Gordon, son of Alexander 
Gordon, was born in Exeter, New Hamp- 
shire. He was a soldier in Captain John 
Gilman's company in Queen Anne's War, 
1710. He married (first) November 22, 
1699, Elizabeth Harriman, of Haverhill, 
born November 20, 1675, died 1721. His 
second wife, whose name is now un- 
known, was the mother of his two young- 
est children. He resided in Exeter and 
gave his name to Gordon Hill in the west- 
ern part of the town. He died, accord- 
ing to family tradition, in 1760, aged 
eighty years. Children by first wife : 
Timothy, born August 19, 1700, died Sep- 
tember 5, 1700; Thomas, August 24, 1701, 
died August 2j, 1772, married Mary 
Scribner and Deliverance Eastman ; 
Diana or Dinah, January 26, 1703, mar- 
ried Benjamin Magoon ; Daniel, Decem- 
ber I, 1704; Abigail, May 28, 1707, married 
John Roberts; Benoni, 1709, died Octo- 
ber, 1769, married Abigail Smith; Timo- 
thy, mentioned below ; James, married 
Lydia Leavitt ; Hannah, married Jacob 
Smith. Children by second wife: Na- 
thaniel, married Elizabeth Smith ; Benja- 
min, married Mary Magoon. 

(HI) Timothy Gordon, son of Thomas 
Gordon, was born in Exeter, New Hamp- 
shire. March 22, 1716. died March 30, 
1796. He lived in Brentwood, New 
Hampshire. During the Revolution he 



55 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



was a Loyalist, but took no active part 
in the war. He was blind during his last 
years. He was a member of the Baptist 
church. He married Maria Stockbridge, 
daughter of Abraham Stockbridge, of 
Stratham, New Hampshire. She was 
born July 21, 1725. Children: Abraham, 
married Miriam Bartlett ; Mary, born 
October 22, 1753 ; Hannah, December 4, 
1756; Timothy, mentioned below; Maria, 
married Joseph Sanborn ; Elisha, April 
II, 1763; Anna, married Eli Bunker; 
John, born January 11, 1766. 

(IV) Timothy (2) Gordon, son of Tim- 
othy (i) Gordon, was born at Brentwood, 
New Hampshire, December 30, 1757, died 
January 16, 1836. He is buried in the 
cemetery on the plains, Newburyport. 
When he was but seventeen years old he 
and three other lads of the sam,e neighbor- 
hood joined General John Stark's com- 
mand. At the battle of Bunker Hill he 
exchanged with a dead soldier his fowl- 
ing piece for a Queen Anne musket. He 
took part in the battles of Bennington, 
White Plains, Stillwater and Saratoga. 
He was in later life a pensioner for his 
service in the Revolution. He married. 
January 23, 1782, Lydia Whitmore, born 
October 10, 1763, died January 12, 1835, 
daughter of David and Lydia (Giddinge) 
Whitmore, granddaughter of Joseph and 
Elizabeth (Flagg) Whitmore; great- 
great-granddaughter of Joseph Whit- 
more. Lydia Giddinge was a daughter of 
Jacob and Lydia (Bartlett) Giddinge; 
granddaughter of Joshua Giddinge, a son 
of John Giddinge, born 1638, died 1691, of 
Ipswich. Lydia Bartlett was a daughter 
of Daniel Bartlett and granddaughter of 
Richard Bartlett, of Newbury. Elizabeth 
Flagg was a daughter of Ebenezer Flagg 
and granddaughter of Gershom Flagg, a 
soldier from Woburn in 1690, killed in 
action. After his marriage, Mr. Gordon 
made his home in Newbury, Massachu- 
setts. Children of Timothy Gordon : 



56 



William, born May 17, 1783 ; Lydia, De- 
cember It, 1785; John Stockbridge, De- 
cember 23, 1786; Charles, September 5, 
1788; Nathaniel, December 7, 1792; 
Timothy, March 10, 1795; Ebenezer, men- 
tioned below ; Harriet Porter, August 2, 
1804. 

(V) Ebenezer Gordon, son of Timothy 
(2) Gordon, was born in Newbury, Belle- 
ville, Massachusetts, February 28, 1797, 
and died December 29, 1855, in Madbury, 
formerly part of Dover, New Hampshire. 
His death was due to an accidental fall 
from his sleigh. He was a machinist by 
trade. For a few years he followed farm- 
ing in Franklin county, Maine. He was 
an Odd Fellow and his lodge had charge 
of the funeral. He married, March 20, 
1827, in Dover, New Hampshire, So- 
phronia Anderson, who was born in Free- 
port, Maine, February 28, 1807, and died 
May 7, 1888, daughter of Joseph and 
Elizabeth (Pote) Anderson, granddaugh- 
ter of James and Mary (Dill) Anderson, 
and great-granddaughter of Jacob Ander- 
son. The Andersons came to this country 
from Dungannon, County Tyrone, Ire- 
land. Elizabeth Pote was a daughter of 
William and Mary (Washburn) Pote, 
granddaughter of Gamaliel Pote, born at 
Falmouth, Maine, in 1721, died 1790, and 
Miriam (Irish) Pote. Gamaliel Pote was 
a soldier in the Louisburg expedition. 
Mary Dill was a daughter of Enoch and 
Ruth (Parsons) Dill, granddaughter of 
John Dill. Ruth Parsons was a daughter 
of Elihu Parsons. Children of Ebenezer 
Gordon: i. George Augustus, born July 
17, 1828, at Dover; graduate of Dart- 
mouth College in 1846; assistant civil 
engineer in the Atlantic Cotton Mills at 
Lawrence, became engineer of the Lewis- 
ton Water Power Company at Lewiston, 
Maine, in 1851, editor of the "Lawrence 
Sentinel," 1855-57, and of the "Mercury," 
Charleston, South Carolina, 1857-60, 
agent of mines in Lumpkin county, 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Georgia, in i860, assistant quartermaster 
of the State of Georgia in 1864, in later 
years a genealogist of note, recording 
secretary of the New England Historic- 
Genealogical Society, 1893-1910; died 
May 31, 1912; married, October 16, 1857, 
Ann F. Gordon, born at Mansfield, Mas- 
sachusetts, April 20, 1832 ; children : 
Agnes, born January 2i, 1859; Lysson, 
November 5, 1861 ; Nathaniel Batchelder, 
August II, 1864; Margaret; Harry Hunt- 
ly. 2. Mary Jane, born March 8, 1829. 
3. Eben, born January 21, 1831. 4. Lydia 
Maria, born November 11, 1833. 5. 
Albert Anderson, mentioned below. 6. 
Ellen Maria, born August 7, 1838. 7. 
Anna Augusta, born November 24, 1842. 
8. Hattie Frances, born May 8, 1850. 

(VI) Albert Anderson Gordon, son of 
Ebenezer Gordon, was born at Farming- 
ton, Maine, January 30, 1836. He at- 
tended the public schools at Dover, New 
Hampshire, and learned the trade of ma- 
chinist at Lewiston, Maine. He was 
employed in New York City and Mans- 
field, Connecticut, before coming to Wor- 
cester in 1859. During most of the time 
since then he has been connected with 
the Crompton Loom Works. He was 
foreman and superintendent for many 
years and is still active in the present 
corporation, the Crompton-Knowles 
Loom Works. He is a life member of 
Montacute Lodge, Free Masons, and a 
member of Worcester Chapter, Royal Arch 
Masons, Hiram Council, Royal and Select 
Masters, and of the Worcester Soci- 
ety of Antiquity and the Worcester Hor- 
ticultural Society. He married, January 
6, 1861, at Worcester, Ann Eliza Bridges, 
born March 17, 1840, at Leicester (see 
Bridges VII). Children: I. Lyman 
Francis, mentioned below. 2. Nancy 
Gertrude, born April 15, 1863, graduate 
of the Classical High School, Worcester, 
active in the First Baptist Church, 
teacher in the Sunday school. 3. Albert 



Anderson, mentioned below. 4. George 
Crompton, mentioned below. 5. Charles 
Sumner, mentioned below. 6. Isabel 
Wyman, born January 4, 1878, graduate 
of the Classical High School, Worcester, 
and of the Lucy Wheelock School, Bos- 
ton ; member of the First Baptist Church 
and teacher in the kindergarten of the 
Sunday school ; member of the Woman's 
Club ; secretary, vice-regent and in 1912- 
14 regent of Colonel Timothy Bigelow 
Chapter, Daughters of the American 
Revolution. 

(VII) Lyman Francis Gordon, son of 
Albert Anderson Gordon, was born in 
Worcester, November 14, 1861. He at- 
tended the public schools of his native 
city and entered Worcester Academy in 
the fall of 1875. With a natural gift for 
mechanics and inherited skill he turned 
naturally to a technical education and 
became a student in the Worcester Poly- 
technic Institute, from which he gradu- 
ated in the mechanical engineering de- 
partment in the class of 1881. During 
the following year he was employed in 
the engineering department of the United 
States Central Railway in California. He 
then entered the employ of F. A. Robbins 
& Company, San Francisco, manufac- 
turers of presses and dies. In November, 
1883, he returned to Worcester and a 
month later formed a partnership with 
H. Winfield Wyman under the firm name 
of Wyman & Gordon for the manufacture 
of drop forgings. Mr. Wyman was a 
friend and fellow student of Mr. Gordon 
and the partners worked with the utmost 
harmony and success. Beginning oper- 
ations with a dozen hands in a building 
at the corner of Bradley and Gold streets, 
the partners laid the foundations for one 
of the great industries of the city. Special- 
ties of original design in the form of small 
tools found customers among the builders 
of textile and other machinery and in a 
small way among the railroads. The 



57 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



loom works furnished a considerable part 
of the work for the plant at first. The 
growth of the bicycle business gave new 
opportunities for the firm and for a time 
rail bonds for electric roads were an 
important specialty. But the develop- 
ment of the automobile caused a wonder- 
ful expansion in the business. The part- 
ners early realized the possibilities of the 
motor car and provided the equipment 
necessary. The art of producing such 
parts as crank shafts and steering 
knuckles was developed in advance of 
competitors and carried to a high degree 
of efficiency. Mr. Gordon gave his ability 
and energy both to manufacturing and 
selling the output of the firm. The plant 
was increased from time to time by addi- 
tions to the original building and another 
plant established in Cleveland, Ohio, in 
the heart of the automobile manufactur- 
ing industry. After the death of Mr. 
Wyman in 1905, the business was incor- 
porated. Mr. Gordon was president and 
treasurer ; Harry G. Stoddard, vice- 
president ; and George F. Fuller, general 
manager. In 1915 The Wyman & Gordon 
Company employed more than 500 skilled 
mechanics and the plant had a floor-space 
of 200,000 square feet. The capital was 
$300,000. The company has held the 
foremost place in its special line of manu- 
facturing drop forgings for automobiles 
during the past ten years. 

Mr. Gordon was also a director of the 
American Thermos Bottle Company of 
New York, the Library Bureau of New 
York, the Merchants National Bank of 
Worcester, and member of the Chambers 
of Commerce of Worcester and Cleve- 
land, the Union Club of Cleveland, the 
Worcester Club, the Tatnuch Country 
Club, the Worcester Automobile Club, 
and the Worcester Country Club. He 
was a trustee of Worcester Academy, and 
an active member of the First Baptist 
Church and the Young Men's Christian 



58 



Association. He was a thirty-second de- 
gree Mason, a member of Morning Star 
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons ; Wor- 
cester Chapter, Royal Arch Masons ; 
Hiram Council, Royal and Select 
Masters ; Worcester County Command- 
ery, Knights Templar ; Worcester Lodge 
of Perfection ; Goddard Council, Rose 
Croix; Northern Massachusetts Con- 
sistory, and Aletheia Grotto. He was 
liberal with his wealth and gave gener- 
ously to the church, to charity and every 
project calculated to make Worcester 
better and happier. 

Mr. Gordon resided for many years on 
Germain street. During the past ten 
years he had a summer home on the old 
Norcross estate at Grafton. At the time 
of his death he had nearly completed a 
magnificent residence on Salisbury street, 
Worcester. He died at Grafton, Decem- 
ber 20, 1914. 

An editorial in the "Worcester Gazette" 
at the time of his death perhaps best 
expresses the relations of Mr. Gordon to 
the city : 

One of the most commanding figures in Wor- 
cester's industrial life passes from its activities 
by the death of Lyman F. Gordon. He was a 
master builder among master builders. His ability 
was recognized by all his associates. It was 
through his talents and untiring devotion that the 
city came to possess an industry which has at- 
tained a name nation-wide because of its high- 
grade products. When we reflect that The Wy- 
man & Gordon Co. grew from the humblest of 
beginnings and consider the place which it has 
won, talent seems hardly the characterization to 
give Mr. Gordon's abilities. There was genius in 
his business methods. They were a blessing to 
Worcester. His death gives a sharper poignancy 
to those who knew him best ; for Mr. Gordon 
was still a young man, but fifty-three, and in the 
natural prospect, his years of usefulness should 
still have been many and of greater fruitfulness 
even than those that preceded. Rare business 
ability was not, however, Mr. Gordon's sole char- 
acteristic. He was, indeed, something more than 
the man of business, absorbed in its details, to the 
shutting out of the larger things of life. He was 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the citizen, always interested in the things that 
good citizenship signifies in its larger aspects. He 
believed in and worked for the church as an insti- 
tution which advances human welfare. The char- 
itable side of his nature was great and most sym- 
pathetic but never displayed to win the multi- 
tude's applause. It was rare, indeed, that his left 
hand knew the good which his right had wrought. 
His early going from among the activities of men 
leaves a void in the social and industrial life of 
Worcester that prompts depressing reflection. 
But "God fills the gaps of human need." If the 
loss which Worcester has sustained through the 
death of Lyman F. Gordon shall be made good 
through the years to come, it will be because of 
the high example as a worker and a citizen which 
he leaves as an inspiration to us all. 

Among the various tributes to Mr. 
Gordon from the organizations to which 
he belonged, none expresses more fitly 
his character than that of the Young 
Men's Christian Association, from which 
we quote : 

We miss his kind and cheerful presence. His 
courtesy and helpfulness toward all those with 
whom he came in contact are cherished memories. 
His calm and unruffled spirit was a potent ex- 
ample. His firm grasp of essential facts and his 
quick and accurate judgment have been a most 
valued guide and help. His true Christian char- 
acter, his modesty and self-forgetfulness have 
been a constant inspiration. His work in this 
association was always done with efiiciency, 
promptness and great joy. His hopes and plans 
for the future were high and broad. The Lord 
will not suffer his work to fail, but we can not 
but feel that the future of our association would 
have been more perfectly accomplished had he 
remained longer with us. In his personal rela- 
tions with his fellow workers he was always the 
Christian gentleman. In civic hfe he was ever a 
force for righteousness and clean living. In busi- 
ness life he was diligent, resourceful, successful. 
In the church, he was faithful to his high calling 
in Christ Jesus. 

The journal of the Worcester Polytech- 
nic Institute said: 

Mr. Gordon was very much interested in all de- 
velopments of the Institute and was for two years 
a member of the executive committee of the 
Alumni Association, resigning a year ago in order 



that he might be released from as many cares as 
possible. While on the committee he always took 
a strong positive position on all questions that 
would mean the greater upbuilding of the Insti- 
tute, and was especially interested in Alumni De- 
velopment work. It was in a great measure due 
to his advice while a member of the committee 
that the purchase of the two pieces of Art Mu- 
seum property, adjoining the Institute property 
along Park avenue was made by the alumni, thus 
making it possible to have a separate baseball 
field in connection with the development for phy- 
sical exercise at the Institute. He was also one 
of the few men who came forward at the last 
moment and increased their subscriptions to the 
alumni movement so that it was made possible 
for the secretary to announce at the June Com- 
mencement in 1913 the completion of the $200,000 
pledging. 

He married, February 19, i88g, Prue 
Louise Cox, daughter of Garland Pineo 
and Charlotte Ann (Borden) Cox (see 
Cox VIII). Children: i. Winfield, born 
November 28, 1889 ; attended Bancroft 
School (private), Worcester, Massachu- 
setts, Montclair Academy, Montclair, 
New Jersey, Bryant & Stratton Com- 
mercial College, graduated class of 1914; 
worked in chemical laboratory of 
Wyman Gordon for one year at Worces- 
ter ; on March i, 1916, went to Cleve- 
land, Ohio, opening the insurance firm of 
Gordon & Vaile in the New England 
building on Euclid avenue ; this firm 
handles life, accident, liability and com- 
pensation insurance ; member of First 
Baptist Church, Worcester ; member of 
Cleveland Chamber of Commerce. 2. 
Forrest, born February 5, 1893; attended 
Miss Fitch's Kindergarten at Worcester, 
Bancroft School (private), for one and a 
half years was a pupil of University 
School at Cleveland, Ohio; he is a 
member of Worcester Country Club, 
member of First Baptist Church, Wor- 
cester. 

(VII) Albert Anderson Gordon, Jr., 
son of Albert Anderson Gordon, was born 
at Worcester, February 16, 1865. He 



59 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



attended the public schools of Worcester 
and graduated from the high school. 
After graduating from the Worcester 
Polytechnic Institute in 1886, he taught 
manual training for three years in St. 
Paul, Minnesota. He then returned to 
Worcester and for several years has been 
superintendent of the Crompton & 
Knowles Loom Works. He is a member 
of the Economic Club of Worcester and 
of the American Society of Mechanical 
Engineers. He is a thirty-second deg^^ee 
Mason, a member of Morning Star 
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons ; Wor- 
cester Chapter, Royal Arch Masons ; 
Hiram Council, Royal and Select 
Masters ; Worcester County Command- 
ery, Knights Templar; Worcester Lodge 
of Perfection ; Goddard Council, Rose 
Croix; the Northern Massachusetts Con- 
sistory, and the Aletheia Grotto. He 
married, November 10, 1895, Caroline 
Sweetser, daughter of Samuel Stillman. 
Children: i. Catherine Sweetser, born 
March 15, 1898. 2. Albert Anderson, 3d., 
born January 25, 1901. 3. Frances, born 
January 29, 1904. 

(VTI) George Crompton Gordon, son 
of Albert Anderson Gordon, was born at 
Worcester, August 20, 1872. He received 
his early education in the public schools 
of his native city and entered Worcester 
Polytechnic Institute, from which he 
was graduated in 1895. He was employed 
first at Lowell, Massachusetts, then by 
the American Steel & Wire Company, in 
Worcester, and by the Charlton Wire 
Company at Charlton. He was afterward 
for a time in the Carpenter Steel Com- 
pany at Reading, Pennsylvania, and later 
with The Wyman & Gordon Company, 
Worcester. He is now vice-president of 
the Park Drop Forge Company of Cleve- 
land, Ohio. He married, January, 1912, 
Marion Shriver Ward. 

(VII) Dr. Charles Sumner Gordon, 



son of Albert Anderson Gordon, was 
born at Worcester, July i, 1875. He re- 
ceived his education in the public schools, 
Worcester Academy, class of 1894, and 
the Harvard Dental School, 1897. He 
practiced his profession for a year in 
Gloucester, Massachusetts, returning in 
1900 to Worcester, where he has since 
practiced. His offices are at yj"] Main 
street. He is a member of Delta Sigma 
Delta, Worcester Country Club, and of 
the executive board of the Worcester 
Academy since 191 1. He married, March, 
1903, Emma Jessie Dyer, daughter of 
Edwin J. and Emma (Southern) Dyer, 
of Dorchester, Massachusetts. 

(The Bridges Line). 

(I) Edmund Bridges, the immigrant 
ancestor, was born in England in 1612. 
He embarked in the ship "James" from 
London to New England in July, 1635. 
He was a blacksmith by trade. He set- 
tled in Lynn, removed to Rowley, later to 
Ipswich and Topsfield. He died January 

13, 1684. He married (first) Alice , 

and (second) Mary , who died 

October 24, 1691. Children by first wife: 
Edmund, mentioned below; Mehitable, 
born March 26, 1641 ; Edward, Faith, 
Elizabeth, John, Josiah, Bethiah, Mary. 

(II) Edmund (2) Bridges, son of Ed- 
mund (i) Bridges, was born about 1637. 
He married, January 11, 1659-60, Sarah 
Towne. Children : Edmund, born Octo- 
ber 4, 1660; Benjamin, January 2, 1664- 
65; Mary, April 14, 1667; Hannah, June 
9, 1669; Caleb, mentioned below. 

(III) Caleb Bridges, son of Edmund 
(2) Bridges, was born June 3, 1677, at 
Salem, died at Farmingham. He married, 
November 26, 1700, Sarah Brewer. Chil- 
dren : Bathsheba, born January 19, 1703, 
died 1734; Hackaliah, mentioned below; 
Caleb, August 24, 1708; Martha, March 
28, 1710; Bethiah, February 14, 1713; 



60 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Benjamin, September 17, 1714; Sarah, 
August 26, 1716; David and Jonathan, 
March 19, 1720. 

(IV) Hackaliah Bridges, son of Caleb 
Bridges, was born May 30, 1705. He 
married, November 11, 1728, Sarah 
Rugg, daughter of Jonathan Rugg. Chil- 
dren: James, born June 2, 1729; Hacka- 
liah, born 1739; Benjamin, mentioned be- 
low ; Sarah, Nathan, Jonathan. 

(V) Benjamin Bridges, son of Hacka- 
liah Bridges, was born April 27, 1740, and 
died January 26, 1814. He married, Oc- 
tober II, 1764, Esther Parker, who died 
February 18, 1819, daughter of Timothy 
and Keziah Parker. Children : Timothy, 
born October 8, 1765 ; Sarah, May 6, 1768 ; 
Nathan, November 26, 1772; Martin, 
mentioned below. 

(VI) Martin Bridges, son of Benjamin 
Bridges, was born January 27, 1779, and 
died November 5, 1832. He married, De- 
cember 2, 1801, Urana Bridges, born 
April 4, 1780, died November 5, 1832, 
daughter of Hackaliah, Jr. and Elizabeth 
(Underwood) Bridges. They were 
cousins. Her father was a soldier in the 
Revolution. Children : Hastings, born 
October 7, 1802; Emory, January 11, 
1806; Almira, March 25, 1809; Sumner, 
mentioned below ; Timothy, September, 
1823 or 1825. 

(VII) Sumner Bridges, son of Martin 
Bridges, was born at Leicester, January 
4, 1813, and died at Worcester, November 
19, 1887. He married, October 30, 1834, 
at Leicester, Nancy Draper, born May 5, 
1813, died August 10, 1854, daughter of 
Zenas and Jemima (Allen) Draper, 
granddaughter of John and Rebecca 
(Muzzy) Draper, great-granddaughter of 
James and Mehitable (Whiting) Draper. 
James Draper was the fifth of the same 
name in direct line from the Puritan 
founder of the family. Children of Sum- 
ner Bridges: Lyman, born January 15, 



1836; Francis, April 7, 1838; Ann Eliza, 
March 17, 1840, married Albert Ander- 
son Gordon (see Gordon VI). 

(The Cox Line). 

(I) The first of this family in America 
was William Cox, a native of England, 
who settled in that part of Maine called 
Pemaquid, and was the ancestor of a 
numerous family, many members of 
which settled in various parts of Maine. 
After residing many years on the eastern 
shore of the Kennebec, he was driven 
away in 1677 t>y Indian depredations, and 
resided a long time in Salem, where he 
died about 1720. There he married for his 
second wife Hannah, daughter of Andrew 
and Mary Woodbury, of Salem, born May 
I, 1664. According to tradition he came 
from Bristol, England, where the family 
flourished, and which town gave its name 
to Bristol, Maine. He was in Pemaquid 
as early as 1625. He had three sons, 
William, John and Thomas, the latter of 
whom took the oath of freedom at Pema- 
quid, July 27, 1674, and was a man of 
some quality among his townsmen. He 
removed to Boston. 

( II ) John Cox, son of William Cox, was 
born about 1658, died November 25, 1742, 
buried at Dorchester, Massachusetts. 1 . 
made an important deposition at Boston, 
September 18, 1736, in which he gave his 
age as seventy-eight years, making the 
date of his birth 1658. He stated that he 
lived on the east side of the Kennebec, 
then called Pemaquid, from whence the 
settlers were driven by Indians in King 
Philip's War, 1676. Early in life he 
adopted the calling of fisherman and 
finally settled at Dorchester, Massachu- 
setts, and had land there November 23, 
1742. He was assigned to seat No. 7 in 
the first meeting house in Dorchester, 
May 10, 1698. On April 4, 1721, he bought 
land at Dorchester of the selectmen, on 



61 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Squantum Neck, bounded on the south 
and east by the sea and on the north by 
the land of Widow Pope and in this deed 
his occupation was stated as fisherman. 
He was called "shoreman and fisherman" 
in a deed dated May 5, 1736, conveying 
the same property. He married Susanna, 
daughter of John and Margaret Pope. 
She owned the covenant and was baptized 
at Dorchester, May 29, 1692. Their first 
five children were baptized March 5, 1693, 
and the other children afterward, at Dor- 
chester, the First Church : Margaret, 
Mary, Sarah, John, mentioned below ; 
Thankful; William, born May 22, 1694; 
James, baptized April 18, 1696; Ebenezer, 
May 10, 1696; Elizabeth, born August 27, 
1697; Thomas, baptized May 9, 1698; 
Susanna, November 29, 1698, married 
Enoch Wiswall; Joseph, August 4, 1700; 
Submit, March 28, 1703, married Thomas 
Maudsley, Jr. ; Benjamin, April i, 1706. 

(Ill) John (2) Cox, eldest son of John 
(i) and Susanna (Pope) Cox, was born 
about 1690, and was baptized at Dor- 
chester, March 5, 1693. He and his wife 
owned the covenant, August 9, 1713. 
They lived at Dorchester until 1729, 
when they removed to Falmouth, now 
Portland, Maine, and he was received into 
citizenship in the place of Thomas Cox, 
perhaps his uncle, deceased. John Cox 
received several grants of land in the 
town, some of which included what is 
now the corner of Middle and Pearl 
streets, Portland, Maine. Portions of this 
property remained in the possession of 
John Cox's descendants until a very re- 
cent date. He was in the fishing business' 
and while on a trip to Pemaquid Falls, 
near his ancestral home, lost his life in a 
conflict with the Indians, May 22, 1747. 
A single sentence from Drake's narrative 
of the incident shows the character of 
Captain Cox: "All retreated except Cap- 
tain John Cox. who stood his ground and 
was killed." Captain Joseph Cox, a resi- 



dent of Falmouth, was also killed in the 
same fight. John Cox married, December 
II, 1712, Tabitha Davenport, born May 3, 
1688, daughter of Ebenezer Davenport. 
Children: James, born September 11, 
1713, died February 25, 1718; Josiah, June 
28, 1715 ; Tabitha, February 14, 1718, 
married Joshua Moody; John, mentioned 
below; Dorcas, June 17, 1721, married 
Enoch Wood; James, June 17, 1723, 
married Catharine Grant; Esther, bap- 
tized January 9, 1726; Mercy or Martha, 
November 9, 1729; Thankful, born 1731, 
married Samuel Hodgins. 

(IV) John (3) Cox, third son of John 
(2) and Tabitha (Davenport) Cox, was 
born August 3, 1719, at Dorchester, and 
■was therefore about ten years old when 
his father and family removed to Fal- 
mouth. He was loyal to the king and the 
government, but he waited until after the 
Revolution before he decided to abandon 
his home. He settled then in Cornwallis, 
Nova Scotia, where many descendants 
have lived since, and his grant of land 
was dated in 1764. He died in Xova 
Scotia about 1802, aged eighty-three. He 
married (first) September, 1739, Sarah 
Proctor, by whom he had nine children, 
through whom the old Cox family o' 
Portland is descended. He married 
(second) May 20, 1760, in Christ Church, 
Boston. Sarah Bodkin. Children of first 
wife : Keziah, married W' illiam Simonds 
and Dan Pineo; Sarah, married Josiah 
Cox; Dorcas, married Captain Jonathan 
Paine; Karenhappuch, married Peter 
Thomas ; Martha, married Peter Farrier 
and Samuel Butts; Mary, married Cap- 
tain Joseph Means ; Nancy, married 
Samuel Huston; Josiah, born 1756; 
Samuel. Children of second wife : Eliza- 
beth, baptized at Christ Church, May i, 
1763; Susannah, born January i, 1764; 
Thomas, born 1765 ; Julia, born May 9, 
1767, died unmarried; Harry, mentioned 
below; John, died young; John, married 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Lucy Harris; Gerritt, married Lucy 
Comstock ; Charles, married Olive Ken- 
nedy; Samuel, married Anne Bishop; 
Betsey, married John Hamilton. 

(V) Captain Harry Cox, son of John 
(3) and Sarah (Bodkin) Cox, was born 
at Falmouth, about 1768, and lived in 
Nova Scotia. He married, December 19, 

1793, at Cornwallis, Susannah Eaton, 
born June 24, 1769, in that town, daugh- 
ter of David and Deborah (White) Eaton. 
Children : Paulina, born October 23, 

1794, married Charles Starr, of Illinois; 
Harry, born April 9, 1796, lost at sea; 
George, January 20, 1798; Sarah, March 
20, 1800; Arthur, April 4, 1802; Susan- 
nah, March 17, 1804; John A., July 3, 
1806; Judith, September 30, 1808; and 
Garland, mentioned below. 

(VI) Garland Cox, youngest child of 
Captain Harry and Susannah (Eaton) 
Cox, was born January 13, 1810, in Corn- 
wallis, where he made his home. He 
married (first) Eliza Keziah Pineo and 
(second) Mrs. James Cofifill. Children by 
first wife : Louisa, married John W. 
Taylor, of Horton, Nova Scotia ; Garland 
Pineo, mentioned below ; Rev. George 
Davenport, Baptist minister at Bear 
River, Nova Scotia, married Ada David- 
son, of Hansport, Kings county, Nova 
Scotia, whom she survived ; Rev. Joseph 
H., married Adelia E. Davidson, of Corn- 
wallis ; Rev. Obadiah Erastus, pastor of 
Trinity Baptist Church, Brooklyn, New 
York, married (first) Emily Miller, 
(second) Mary Penney, a widow. 

(VII) Garland Pineo Cox, son of 
Garland and Eliza Keziah (Pineo) Cox, 
was born in Kings county, Nova Scotia, 
in 1838. He attended the grammar school 
in the vicinity of his home, and later 
learned the trades of carpenter and ship- 
builder, following these lines in Nova 
Scotia and Boston, Massachusetts. He 
was employed as head carpenter at the 
City Hospital, Boston, for eight years. 



and then entered the employ of the Allen 
Steamship Company, continuing until 
he was accidentally killed on March 20, 
1880, by falling down a hatch on one of 
the vessels of that line. He was an active 
worker in the Harrison Avenue Baptist 
Church, Boston, and was a member of 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 
He married Charlotte Ann Borden, 
daughter of Wellington and Lavinia 
(Martin) Borden (see Borden VII). 
Children: i. Lila, born January 22, i860; 
married (first) Samuel Holt, (second) 
James Dahl, (third) John McDowell; by 
her first husband she had three children : 
Walter E., Frank E., and Eva, who died 
in infancy ; by her second husband she 
had two children : Edward and Elsie ; 
by her third husband she had a daughter, 
Eunice. 2. Prue Louise, mentioned be- 
low. 3. Fred Starr, born March 17, 1864, 
at Cornwallis, Nova Scotia ; a carpenter 
and builder ; now living at Hyde Park, 
Massachusetts ; married Mary Elizabeth 
Stuyvesant, children : Fred Starr, Jr., 
Prue Louise, Ralph Wilbur, Annie Eliza- 
beth, Ethel G., Grace E. 

(VIII) Prue Louise Cox, second daugh- 
ter of Garland Pineo and Charlotte 
Ann (Borden) Cox, was born in Corn- 
wallis, Nova Scotia, and became the wife 
of Lyman Francis Gordon, of Worcester, 
Massachusetts (see Gordon VII). 

(The Borden Line). 

Borden is an ancient English surname. 
The coat-of-arms is described : Azure a 
chevron engrailed, ermine, two bourdens 
or pilgrims' staves proper in chief and a 
crosslet in base or. Crest : A lion ramp- 
ant above a scroll argent on its sinister 
foot holding a battle axe proper. Motto: 
Palma vcrtuti. The surname is taken from 
the place-name Borden, a town in County 
Kent. Various explanations of the origin 
of the name itself are given. There were 
Bordens or Bourdons in the army of the 



^>3 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Conqueror. Simon de Borden of Borden 
Manor, sometimes called Borden Court or 
Hall, resided there in the reign of King 
John, who was crowned in iigg. The 
family became distinguished in Kent, and 
was prominent among the landed gentry. 
(I) Richard Borden, the American im- 
migrant, of County Kent, England, came 
to America in the ship "Elizabeth and 
Ann" in 1635, accompanied by his wife 
Joan and two children. In 1636 he 
went from Boston to Portsmouth, Rhode 
Island, and was one of the founders of 
the town. He was admitted a freeman, 
March 14, 1641. He held various offices. 
He was assistant treasurer, 1653-54; 
general treasurer, 1654-55 ; commissioner, 
1654-56-57, and deputy to the General 
Court, 1667-70. He was a member of the 
Society of Friends. He died June 25, 
1671, and was buried in the Friends' bury- 
ing ground at Portsmouth. His will was 
dated May 31, 1671. His wife died at 
Portsmouth, July 16, 1688. Children: 
Thomas, born in England ; Francis, born 
in England ; Mathew, mentioned below ; 
John, born September, 1640, at Ports- 
mouth; Joseph, 1643; Sarah, 1644; Sam- 
uel, 1645; Benjamin, 1649; Amie, 1654. 

(II) Mathew Borden, son of Richard 
Borden, was born at Portsmouth, May 
16, 1638, died July 5, 1708. It is recorded 
by the Friends of Newport that he was 
the first child born of English parents in 
Portsmouth. He held various town offices, 
and was a faithful member of the Society 
of Friends and his house was the meet- 
ing place for many years. He married, 
March 4, 1670, Sarah Clayton. Of his 
children six are mentioned in his will, 
dated Alarch 22,, 1705. He died while 
visiting in Boston, and was buried in the 
burial grounds of the Friends at Lynn. 
His widow died April 15, 1735, aged 
eighty-two years. Children born at Ports- 
mouth : Richard, mentioned below ; Mary, 



September 20, 1674; Mathew, August 14, 
1675; Joseph, July 18, 1678; Sarah, De- 
cember 29, 1680; Ann, January 5, 1682; 
Thomas, April 10, 1685 ; Abraham, March 
29, 1690; John, August 29, 1693. 

(Ill) Richard (2) Borden, son of 
Mathew Borden, was born at Portsmouth, 
October 25, 1671. He married Innocent 
Wardell. His homestead was on the four- 
teen or fifteen great lots on the main road, 
about a mile from the east shore of Mount 
Hope Bay and two miles and a half south 
of the City Hall in Fall River. These lots 
contained two hundred acres each and 
extended a mile from the shore. He 
bought lands also at Tiverton, Rhode 
Island. In 1714 he and Joseph Borden 
bought of Colonel Benjamin Church and 
son Constant twenty-six and a half shares 
in the mill lot and Fall River stream. 
Richard Borden became sole owner after 
the death of his brother, the other shares 
having been previously secured. The Fall 
River property was managed largely by 
his sons, Thomas and Joseph, who settled 
there. He bought other real estate at 
Fall River, and when he died he was one 
of the largest owners there. His prudence 
and foresight thus established the for- 
tunes of his descendants who succeeded 
to the property. He deeded to his sons 
half-interests in the property he intended 
to bequeath to them and confirmed the 
deeds in his will. His will, dated Febru- 
ary 12, 1 73 1, was proved July 18, 1732. 
Children: Sarah, born July 31, 1694; 
John, December 24, 1695 ; Thomas, De- 
cember 8, 1697; Mary, January 29. 1700; 
Joseph, November 4, 1702; Samuel, men- 
tioned below; Rebecca, July 16, 1712. 

(IV) Samuel Borden, son of Richard 
(2) Borden, was born October 25. 1705. in 
Rhode Island. He had a fair education 
in the district schools and acquired a 
knowledge of surveying, probably of his 
father. Indeed, it seems that each genera- 

64 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tion of the family learned the art of sur- 
veying, in turn, as a part of their youthful 
training. He was appointed by Governor 
Shirley to survey the lands and give loca- 
tions to the settlers in Nova Scotia, from 
which the French had been expelled. The 
Acadians were exiled in 1755. In 1760 
Samuel Borden went to Nova Scotia, but 
it is not known how long he stayed. His 
son Perry settled on land granted to Sam- 
uel Borden. He returned to Fall River 
and followed farming. His will was dated 
September i, 1769, proved at Tiverton, 
December 7, 1778. He married Peace 
Mumford in Exeter, Rhode Island. Chil- 
dren : Joseph, born October 14, 1736; 
Perry, mentioned below; Benjamin, 1740; 
Ann, March 8, 1743; Abigail, married 
Joseph Durfee ; Edward, married Eliza- 
beth Borden. 

(V) Perry Borden, son of Samuel 
Borden, was born at Tiverton, Rhode 
Island, November 9, 1739. He was edu- 
cated there. He also learned surveying. 
In order to effect the resettlement of 
Acadia, from which the neutral French 
had been ruthlessly banished, Governor 
Shorley offered a farm to every settler 
and during the winter of 1759 a company 
of one hundred and fifty was formed in 
New England and located in Nova Scotia. 
Perry went to assist his father and de- 
cided to settle there. The settlers landed 
June 8, 1760, at what is still called the 
town plot, though the town was never 
built. The place was named Cornwallis 
from the British general who commanded 
troops in that section. Perry Borden 
bought from time to time and became the 
owner of much valuable land, the rise in 
value of which made all his sons independ- 
ent. He married (first) September 6, 1761, 
Emma Percy, who died December 2, 1765. 
It is said that she was a daughter of a Brit- 
ish officer. He married (second) October 
22, 1767, Mary Ellis, born May 25, 1745, 
MASS-Voi 111-5 65 



diedini83i. Children: Samuel, born Sep- 
tember I, 1762; Joseph, June 3, 1764; 
Lemuel, September 26, 1768 ; David, Janu- 
ary 28, 1770; Jonathan, July 29, 1771 ; 
Perry, February 17, 1773; Joshua, men- 
tioned below; William, January 13, 1777; 
Benjamin, April 28, 1779; Edward, Au- 
gust 9, 1781 ; Abraham, January 18, 1787. 

(VI) Joshua Borden, son of Perry 
Borden, was born in Nova Scotia, Decem- 
ber 3, 1774, died March 10, 1854. He 
married, in 1809, Charlotte Fuller, born 
January 22, 1788, died March 31, 1872. 
Children, born at Horton, Nova Scotia: 
Sophia Charlotte, born October 23, 1809; 
Joshua W., mentioned below; George W., 
December 20, 1816; Silas Hiram, Septem- 
ber 9, 1818 ; Charlotte Ann, April 29, 1822, 
died February 28, 1828. 

(VII) Joshua W. Borden, son of 
Joshua Borden, was born at Horton, 
Nova Scotia, October, 1813, died May 30, 
1891. He married, at Horton, Lavinia 
Greenough, February 17, 1837. Children 
born at Horton: Charlotte Ann. born 
May 25, 1838, married, November 17, 
1858, Garland Pineo Cox (see Cox VII) ; 
William Joshua, April 30, 1840; Matilda 
Amelia, April 29, 1842 ; George Frederick, 
August 2, 1844; Edward Perry, July 17, 
1846; James Martin, November 18, 1848; 
Cassie Burbidge, December 29, 1850; 
Herbert Huntington, April 19, 1853 ; 
Caroline Olive, July 28, 1856; Ella Al- 
berta, January 19, 1858 ; Arthur Henniger, 
March 31, 1861. 



EDDY Family. 

William Eddye, A. M., was vicar of the 
Church of St. Dunstan, of the town of 
Cranbrook, County Kent, England. He 
was a native of Bristol, and received his 
education at Trinity College, Cambridge, 
England. He was vicar from 1589 to 
1616, died November 23, 1616, and was 
buried in the Cranbrook churchyard. He 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



left the financial affairs of his parish in 
better order than before, and collected 
and arranged the loose registers dating 
back from 1588 in a new parchment book, 
about eighty of the pages beautifully en- 
grossed and illuminating three title pages, 
one for births, one for marriages and the 
third for deaths. The book is still in 
existence at the vicarage. He married 
(first) November 20, 1587, Mary Foston, 
daughter of John Foston, who died Sep- 
tember, 1573. She died July, 161 1. leav- 
ing an infant, Nathaniel, who died nine 
days after she died. He married (second) 
in 1614, Elizabeth Taylor, widow. Chil- 
dren of first marriage: Mary, born Sep- 
tember, 1591 ; Phineas, September, 1593; 
John, March. 1597; Ellen, August, 1599; 
Abigail, October. 1601 ; Anna, May, 1603; 
Elizabeth, December, 1606; Samuel, men- 
tioned below; Zachariah, March. 1610; 
Nathaniel, July, 161 1. Child of second 
marriage: Priscilla, born 1614. 

(II) Samuel Eddy, son of William and 
Mary (Foston) Eddye, was born May, 
1608, and died 1685. On August 10, 1630, 
with his brother John he left London, 
England, in the ship "Handmaid,"' Cap- 
tain John Grant, arriving at Plymouth, 
Massachusetts, October 29, 1630, settled 
there, and on January i, 1632, was made 
freeman. On November 7, 1637, three 
acres of land in Plymouth were set off to 
him, and in 1641 six acres of land and 
thirty acres of meadow were set off to 
him. On April 3, 1645. ^e sent his son 
John to live with Francis Gould until he 
should come of age. His wife was fined, 
October 7, 1651, for wringing out clothes 
on Sunday, but later the fine was re- 
mitted. She was summoned before court. 
May I, 1660, to answer for traveling on 
Sunday from Plymouth to Boston, and 
declared that she went there on that day 
because of the illness of Mistress Saffin. 
She was excused, but admonished. On 



May 9, 1631, Samuel Eddy purchased a 
house at Spring Hill, at the end of 
Main street, in Plymouth, of Experience 
Mitchell, and sold it in 1645. He was one 
of the original purchasers of Middleboro, 
Massachusetts, and owned much land in 
other places. In 1631 his assessment was 
half that of Captain Standish, and in 1633 
it was the same. His wife Elizabeth died 
in 1689. Children: John, born December 
25. 1637; Zachariah, mentioned below; 
Caleb, 1643 • Obadiah, 1645 ; Hanna, June 
23, 1647. died young. 

(III) Zachariah Eddy, second son of 
Samuel and Elizabeth Eddy, was born in 
1639, and died September 4, 1718. In 
1646 he was bound out to John Brown, a 
shipwright of Rehoboth, until he was 
twenty-one years old. He was pro- 
pounded as freeman, June 16, 1661, and 
on June 7, 1665, was granted twelve acres 
of land between his land and the Whet- 
stone Vineyard Brook. At that time he 
was living in Plymouth. On July 10, 
1667, he purchased thirty acres of land 
adjoining the land on which he lived, as 
well as other lands, and was a farmer. 
His house was situated on the twelve 
acres granted him, near what was the 
"Eddy Furnace," in 1840. He moved to 
Middleboro, where he lived for a time, 
and then settled in Swansea, Massachu- 
setts. He married (first) ]May 7, 1663, 
Alice Padduck, born Alarch 7, 1640, died 
September 24, 1692. He married (second) 
Widow Abigail Smith, whose daughter 
Bethiah married Caleb Eddy, son of Zach- 
ariah Eddy. Children : Zachariah, born 
April 10. 1664; John, October 10, 1666; 
Elizabeth, August 3, 1670; Samuel, June 
4, 1673; Ebenezer, February 5, 1675; 
Caleb. September 21. 1678 : Joshua, Febru- 
ary 21, 1680; Obediah, mentioned below; 
Alice, November 28, 1684. 

(IV) Obediah Eddy, seventh son of 
Zachariah and Alice (Padduck) Eddy, 



66 



THE NEW YORf 

[PUBLIC LIBF 



, *SJOa. LENOX 




_1 



^'^^j'-<r(y}uU Ck///?/ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



was born September 2, 1683, in Plymouth, 
or Middleboro, and lived in Swansea, 
Massachusetts, where he was undoubt- 
edly a farmer. He married, December 9, 
1709, Abigail Devotion. Children: Con- 
stant, born September 7, 1710; Ichabod, 
June I, 1713; Olive or Alice, February 24, 
1715; Mary, November 10, 1716; Abigail, 
October 14, 1721 ; Hannah, January 23, 
1723; Job, mentioned below; Azariah. 

(V) Job Eddy, third son of Obediah 
and Abigail (Devotion) Eddy, was born 
July 23, 1726, in Swansea, and lived in 
that town with his wife, Patience (Phil- 
lips) Eddy, of Middleboro. Children: 
Ann; Preserved, born July, 1748; Hope- 
still, December 17, 1749; Patience, Janu- 
ary 8, 1752; Job, December 23, 1753; 
James, December 30, 1755 ; Zachariah, 
April 29, 1758; Elizabeth, March 22, 1760; 
John, May 28, 1763; Richard, September 
8, 1765 ; Joshua, mentioned below. 

(VI) Joshua Eddy, youngest son of 
Job and Patience (Phillips) Eddy, was 
born April 7, 1767, in Swansea, lived in 
that town, and married Isabel Baker, of 
Dighton, Massachusetts. Children : Fran- 
cis, mentioned below ; James, born Sep- 
tember 22, 1798; Wanton, March 3, 1800, 
died young; Joshua, August 28, 1802; 
Joseph, February 13, 1804; Ebenezer, 
September 4, 1805; Jabez, July i, 1808; 
Mary Ann, May 3, 1810; Stephen, Octo- 
ber 10, 181 1 ; Wanton, September 26, 1813. 

(VII) Francis Eddy, eldest child of 
Joshua and Isabel (Baker) Eddy, was 
born in April, 1797, in Swansea, and died 
February i, 1863, at his home on Bank 
street, in Fall River, Massachusetts. His 
body was laid to rest in Oak Grove Ceme- 
tery of that city. He was a butcher in 
Fall River, where he spent most of his 
active life, among the first retail meat 
dealers in the city, a well known and re- 
spected citizen. He married in Attleboro, 
Massachusetts, July 8, 1827, Betsey Wil- 



marth, born July 21, 1799, daughter of 
Learned and Betsey (Lane) Wilmarth, of 
that town (see Wilmarth V). She died 
in Fall River, November 26, 1873, ^^'^ 
was laid to rest beside her husband in 
Oak Grove Cemetery. Children, men- 
tioned below. 

I. Francis W. Eddy, born October 30, 

1830, died in Fall River, July 5, 1898. He 
married Sarah J. Gardner, daughter of 
John and Harriet H. (Davis) Gardner, 
and had children : Frank Albert, born 
October 20, 1852, and Elvira N., March 
4, 1862. She married, March 26, 1884, 
John B. Nichols, of Fall River, a grand- 
son of Galond and Huldah (Martin) 
Nichols, of Rehoboth. Their eldest son, 
Charles B. Nichols, was born August 28, 

183 1, in Rehoboth, where he lived with 
his wife, Sarah H. Their eldest child was 
John B. Nichols, born December i, 1859, 
in Rehoboth, where he lived as a boy, 
attending the district school, and work- 
ing on his father's farm until eighteen 
years of age. He then served a term at 
the plumbing and tinsmith trade with 
George H. Davol & Company, of Fall 
River. In June, 1893, he purchased the 
business of C. A. Wyatt, located at the 
corner of Third and Rodman streets. Fall 
River, and has since continued success- 
fully as a dealer in stoves, glass, tin and 
woodenware, and conducting a general 
plumbing business. He has made a spe- 
cialty of installing heating apparatus, and 
has placed plants in many public and pri- 
vate buildings in the city, notably those 
of the Episcopal church on Rock street, 
and the Emergency Hospital. Children : 
Sarah Frank, born December i, 1885; 
Nettie Waite, December 5, 1888; Alton 
Eddy, August 21, 1892; Mildred Baker, 
July 5, 1894; Milton Bailey, July 24, 1897. 

2. Caroline Elizabeth Eddy, born June 10, 
1833, married, October 16, 1890, Jerome 
Brown Westgate, who was born Novem- 



67 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ber 9, 1823, in Swansea, Massachusetts. 
He was a mason by trade and well known 
as a contractor and builder of Fall River, 
where he died April 24, 1902, and was 
buried in Oak Grove Cemetery. He was 
a member of St. Paul's Methodist Epis- 
copal Church, and of the Masonic and 
Odd Fellows fraternities, being identified 
with the latter for over fifty years, and 
served as deputy sheriff of Bristol county. 
Mrs. Westgate was for many years en- 
gaged in the millinery business in associa- 
tion with her sister, and after the latter's 
death continued the business with Mrs. 
Ashley, under the name of Eddy & Ash- 
ley. She is active in the social life of her 
home city, has been prominent in pro- 
moting the cause of temperance as a mem- 
ber of the Women's Christian Temper- 
ance Union of Fall River. She is also an 
active member of the Unitarian church of 
Fall River. 

3. Chloe Jeannette Eddy, born June 4, 
1837, established in 1866 the millinery 
business at Fall River, which she con- 
ducted until her death, October 11, 1914. 
She married Andrew Jackson Wade, of 
Fall River. 

(The Wilmarth Line). 

Among the freemen of the town of 
Rehoboth, Massachusetts, in 1658, were 
John Willmarth and Sergeant Thomas 
W'illmarth. Both appear in the contribu- 
tors to the expenses of King Philip's War, 
after which the former seems to drop out 
of the records. In a list without date, 
showing grants of land made about 1643, 
appears the name of Thomas W^illmarth 
as having the lot originally granted to 
Isaac Martin, valued at fifty pounds. In 
a drawing made June 22, 1658, Thomas 
Willmarth received lot No. 13 in the 
meadows on the north side of the town. 
He was a grantee of land in the north 
purchase allotted May 26, 1668. He gave 
six pounds twelve shillings and three 



pence to the support of King Philip's 
War in 1676, to which Thomas Will- 
marth, Jr., was also a contributor. It is 
probable that Jonathan Willmarth was a 
son of Sergeant Thomas Willmarth, but 
there is no evidence to establish the rela- 
tion. 

(I) The first record of Jonathan Wil- 
marth appears in his marriage, December 
29, 1680, in Rehoboth, to Esther Peck, 
born January 7, 1658, daughter of John 
Peck. He appears in the list of those 
participating in the Narragansett expedi- 
tion, at which time the name is spelled 
for the first time Wilmarth. It was previ- 
ously written Wilmouth. A list of the 
inhabitants and proprietors of Rehoboth, 
made February 7, 1689, includes the name 
of Jonathan Willmarth, also Thomas 
Willmarth, Jr. Children of Jonathan Wil- 
marth : Esther, born November 28, 1681 
Rebecca, August 30, 1683: Daniel, De 
cember 7, 1685 ; Elizabeth, April 3, 1688 
Jonathan, August 5, 1690; Margaret, Au- 
gust 31, 1692; Stephen, April 16, 1695 
Thomas, February 22, 1698; Nathan 
mentioned below; Nathaniel, April 15 
1706. 

(II) Nathan Wilmarth, fifth son of 
Jonathan and Esther (Peck) Wilmarth, 
w-as born December 17, 1700, in Rehoboth, 
and lived in that town, where he married, 
November 29, 1722, Mary Stacy, probably 
a daughter of Ensign Henry and Rebecca 
Stacy. Children: Nathan, mentioned be- 
low ; Esther, born December 31, 1724; 
Mary, February 2, 1726; Elkanah, July 
22, 1727 ; Ichabod, November 7, 1731, died 
same month ; John, May 10, I733- 

(III) Nathan (2) Wilmarth, eldest 
child of Nathan (i) and Mary (Stacy) 
Wilmarth, was born November 3, 1723, 
in Rehoboth, and lived in Attleboro, 
Massachusetts. There he married (first) 
December 6, 1748, Alary Titus, born Feb- 
ruary 8, 1726, in Rehoboth, daughter of 



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ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Benjamin and Hepzibeth (Hemenway) 
Titus. He married (second) August 19, 
1756, in Rehoboth, Rebecca Brown. Chil- 
dren of first marriage : Daniel, mentioned 
below; and Benoni, born September 25, 
1754- 

(IV) Daniel Wilmarth, elder son of 
Nathan (2) and Mary (Titus) Wilmarth, 
was born December 16, 1749, in Attle- 
boro, and served through several enlist- 
ments as a Revolutionary soldier. He 
was a corporal in Captain Moses Will- 
marth's (Ninth) company. Colonel John 
Daggett's (Fourth Bristol County) regi- 
ment, which marched on the alarm of 
April 19, 1775, served six days. He was 
also in Captain Alexander Foster's com- 
pany of Colonel Thomas Carpenter's regi- 
ment, from July 27 to August 12, 1778, 
seventeen days, in an expedition to Rhode 
Island. He served in Captain Moses 
Willmarth's company. Colonel Isaac 
Dean's regiment, which marched July 31, 
and was discharged August i, 1780, ten 
days, on a Rhode Island alarm. No rec- 
ord of his marriage is discovered, but the 
following children are recorded, in Attle- 
boro : Learned, mentioned below ; Nathan, 
born February 10, 1775 ; Hannah, Novem- 
ber 15, 1777; Waitstill, September 18, 
1779; Cynthia, December 22, 1781 ; Dan, 
May 15, 1785 ; Hipsa, September 22, 1788 ; 
Mira, July 30, 1790; Benoni, August 23, 

1793- 

(V) Learned Wilmarth, eldest child of 
Daniel Wilmarth, was born February 10, 
1773, in Attleboro, and died May 5, 1841. 
He m.arried, in Norton, Massachusetts, 
April 9, 1795, Betsey Lane, born there 
June 6, 1755, daughter of Lieutenant- 
Colonel Ephraim (3) and Elizabeth 
(Copeland) Lane, of that town (see Lane 
VII). Children: Learned, born Septem- 
ber 8, 1797; Betsey, mentioned below; 
Beeby, July 5, 1801 ; Calvin, March 14, 
1804; Clement, January 26, 1806; Polly, 
February 17, 1808: Ephraim, April 27, 



1810; Dan and Hannah (twins), April 13, 
1812; Chloe L., July 7, 1815; C. Ferdi- 
nand, March 13, 1818. 

(VI) Betsey Wilmarth, eldest daugh- 
ter of Learned and Betsey (Lane) Wil- 
marth, was born July 21, 1799, in Attle- 
boro, and was married, July 8, 1827, to 
Francis Eddy, of Fall River, Massachu- 
setts (see Eddy VII). 

(The Lane Line). 

(I) William Lane probably came from 
the western part of England. He was a 
resident of Dorchester, Massachusetts, as 
early as 1635, and received grants of land 
there in 1637. His will, proved July 6, 
1654, mentions his children, but no wife. 
Children, all probably born in England : 
Elizabeth, Mary, Avis or Avith, George, 
mentioned below ; Sarah, Andrew. 

(II) George Lane, son of William 
Lane, was an early settler in Hingham 
and at the first division of land, Septem- 
ber 18, 1635, was granted a house lot of 
five acres. He also had a grant of ten 
acres at "Nutty Hill," and thirteen shares 
in the common lands. He was a shoe- 
maker and resided on what is now North, 
near Beal street. He was a selectman in 
1669-78, and died June 11, 1689. His will 
was dated October 16, 1688, and proved 
August 20, 16S9. He married Sarah 
Harris, who died at Hingham, March 26, 
1695, daughter of Walter and Mary 
(Frye) Harris. Her father came to Wey- 
mouth in 1632. Children, all born in 
Hingham: Sarah, March, 1638; Hannah, 
February 24, 1639; Josiah, May 23, 1641 ; 
Susannah, June 23, 1644 ; John, mentioned 
below; Ebenezer, August 25, 1650; Mary, 
April II, 1653; Peter, July 21, 1656. 

(III) John Lane, second son of George 
and Sarah (Harris) Lane, was born Janu- 
ary, 1648, and died at Norton, Massachu- 
setts, November 23, 1712. He was known 
in Hingham as John Lane, the shoe- 
maker, and was constable there in 1689. 



69 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



About 1694 he removed to Norton, and 
settled near the boundary between Nor- 
ton and Attleboro. He was taxed in Attle- 
boro, November 12, 1696, one pound for 
paying the town's debt of five pounds fif- 
teen shillings and one pence, and was 
chosen grand juryman, March 22, 1697. 
In 1710 he was rated in Norton for build- 
ing the first meeting house, and was on 
the committee, June 12, 171 1, to secure 
incorporation of the precinct of Norton. 
He married (first) June 4, 1674, Mehit- 
able, daughter of Thomas and Jane Ho- 
bart, born July 4, 1651, died February 15, 
1690. He married (second) about 1693, 

Sarah , who was admitted to the 

church at Norton in 1718, and died No- 
vember, 1727. Children by first marriage: 
Samuel, born March 15, 1677; Priscilla, 
March 5, 1680; Mary. April 3, 1682; 
Asaph, July 21, 1685; child. Children by 
second marriage : Ephraim, mentioned 
below; John, born February 18, 1696; 
Sarah, January 11, 1698; Benjamin, Feb- 
ruary 15, 1699; Sarah, June 22. 1701 ; 
Melatiah, June 18. 1703; Elizabeth, July 
29, 1705 : Ebenezer, April 6, 1707. 

(IV) Ephraim Lane, son of John and 
Sarah Lane, born June 24, 1694, in Reho- 
both, was admitted to full communion 
with the church in Norton in 1715, and 
was tithingman in 1719. He married, 
January 10, 1717, Ruth Shepperson, who 
united with the church in Norton in 1718; 
she was a daughter of John and Elizabeth 
Shepperson, of Attleboro, Massachusetts. 
Children: Ephraim, mentioned below; 
Elkanah, born April i, 1719: Ruth, April 
13, 1721, died young; Ruth, January 11, 
1723; Jonathan, February 25, 1724; Abi- 
gail, September 11, 1727; Samuel. Sep- 
tember 30, 1730. 

(V) Ephraim (2) Lane, eldest child of 
Ephraim (i) and Ruth (Shepperson) 
Lane, was born September 30, 1717, and 
died in 1800, aged eighty-two years. He 
was admitted to the church in 1734, was 



made tithingman in 1745, and kept a pub- 
lic house from 1754 to 1767. He married, 
September 21, 1738, Mehitable Stone, who 
joined the church in 1742. Children: 
Ephraim, mentioned below; Nathaniel, 
born June 15, 1743; Isaac, May 9, 1/45; 
Mehitable, June 3, 1747, died young; 
Anne, July 21, 1752; Mehitable, January 
5, 1755; Chloe, February 4, 1757; Polly, 
May 27, 1762. 

(VI) Lieutenant-Colonel Ephraim (3) 
Lane, eldest child of Ephraim (2) and 
Mehitable (Stone) Lane, was born July 
9, 1740, and died in April, 1826. He kept 
a public house from 1768 to 1773. He 
was lieutenant-colonel in Colonel Dag- 
gett's regiment, called out by the Lex- 
ington Alarm, April 19, 1775; was ap- 
pointed first captain of Norton artillery 
company, October 31, 1776; was lieu- 
tenant-colonel of Thomas Carpenter's 
regiment, Rhode Island service, July 21 
to September 9, 1778; was town treasurer 
from 1787 to 1788; selectman from 1789 
to 1794. He married, February 19, 1764, 
Elizabeth Copeland. of Norton, daughter 
of Benjamin and Sarah (Allen) Cope- 
land; she died January 12, 1818. Chil- 
dren : William, born April 7, 1765 ; Elijah, 
April 16, 1767; Isaac, May 28, 1769; Dan- 
iel, April 22, 1771 ; Betsey, mentioned be- 
low ; David, August 15, 1777; Allen, Feb- 
ruary 16, 1780; Calvin, March 11, 1782; 
George, July 26, 1786; Sarah, October 29, 
1789. 

(VII) Betsey Lane, eldest daughter of 
Lieutenant-Colonel Ephraim (3) and 
Elizabeth (Copeland) Lane, was born 
June 6, 1775, and married Learned Wil- 
marth, of Attleboro (see Wilmarth V). 



BORDEN, Charles Frederick, 

Business Man, Active in Religions Affairs. 

The origin and history of this name and 
the early generations of the family are 
given at length elsewhere in this work. 



70 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Richard Borden, the founder of the family 
in America, was the father of John Bor- 
den, whose son, Richard (2) Borden, was 
the father of Thomas Borden. Richard 
(3) Borden, son of Thomas Borden, lived 
in what is now Fall River, where his son, 
Thomas (2) Borden, was born and re- 
sided. 

(VII) Joseph Borden, eldest child of 
Thomas (2) (q. v.) and Mary (Hathaway) 
Borden, was born November 16, 1777, in 
Fall River, where he spent his life, and 
died March 16. 1842. He married, in Fall 
River, November 20, 1800, Hannah Bor- 
den, whose parentag^e has not been dis- 
covered. Their children were : Seth, born 
January 26, 1802; Bailey H., August 12, 
1804; Isaac, October 5, 1806; Ardelia, 
August 17, 1808; Mary R., June 17, iSio; 
Joseph, mentioned below. 

(VIII) Joseph (2) Borden, youngest 
child of Joseph (i) and Hannah (Bor- 
den) Borden, was born September 26, 
1812, in Fall River, and was a prominent 
and useful citizen of that city. For sev- 
eral years he managed the city farm ; 
served as a member of the City Council, 
and to the affairs of the Second Baptist 
Society no member was more attentive ; 
he was a deacon of that congregation. 
He died July 12, 1895. He married Amy 
Hathaway, born April 30, 1814, died April 
4, 1893. Children : Mary M. D., born Au- 
gust 31, 1835; Stephen B., September 3, 
1838; Angenetta, June 2, 1841 ; Joseph 
F., August 4, 1843 ; Hannah G., February 
18, 1846: Emma C, February 18, 1849; 
James W. M., January 16, 185 1 ; Charles 
Frederick, mentioned below ; Seth A., 
November 15, 1857, living in Fall River. 

(IX) Charles Frederick Borden, fourth 
son of Joseph (2) and Amy (Hathaway) 
Borden, was born September 24, 1854, in 
Fall River, and died January 12, 1905, at 
his residence on Lincoln avenue in that 
city. He was reared among refining in- 
fluences, and was established in life on 



solid foundation. His attendance at the 
public school was confined to the gram- 
mar grades and the high school. He 
early set out as a wage earner, becoming 
a bookkeeper for Davis Brothers. His 
evidenced capacity, his excellent manners 
and industry soon attracted the attention 
of Robert K. Remington, who oiifered the 
boy a situation, which was gratefully ac- 
cepted. Young Borden sought to make 
himself useful to his employer, and gave 
close and faithful attention to the details 
of his office work. This brought steady 
promotion, and in a comparatively short 
time he became the confidential assistant 
of his employer. Because of his familiar- 
ity with every detail of the business, he 
was often left in charge during the 
absence of the proprietor, who gave much 
attention to philanthropical work. Follow- 
ing the death of Mr. Remington, in 1886, 
Mr. Borden became a partner of his son, 
Edward B. Remington, the firm being 
known as Borden & Remington, continu- 
ing the busines established by its founder. 
They conducted a very large trade in mill 
supplies, and every year found the busi- 
ness increased. The death of Mr. Borden, 
early in his fifty-first year, cut short a 
most promising business career. Like his 
predecessor and benefactor, he was deeply 
interested in religious and moral work, 
and was among the most active members 
of the Central Congregational Society. 
In 1900 he was selected for president of 
the Fall River district of the Massachu- 
setts Sunday School Association, and 
gave active ser\'ice in this capacity for 
four years, until failing health compelled 
his resignation. He was the first of the 
district executives to bring about the em- 
ployment of a salaried secretary to look 
after the details of district work, and this 
placed his district in the front rank of the 
State movement. Mr. Borden was a 
member of the executive committee of 
the Massachusetts and Rhode Island 



71 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGR.-\PHY 



Young Men's Christian Association. To 
him belongs the credit of the employment 
of the secretary of boys' work, a depart- 
ment of the greatest usefulness to the 
organization in the cooperating states. 
Through his earnest effort a suitable home 
for the association at Fall River was pro- 
vided, a large portion of the building fund 
being secured through his influence and 
personal effort. IMr. Borden served the 
association most acceptably as a director, 
and his ideas pervaded the preparation 
and application of plans and decorative 
ideas in the construction of the building. 
He was interested in various industries, 
was president of the City Coal Company 
of New Bedford, a director of the Fall 
River National Bank, and of the Colum- 
bia Life Insurance Company. In every 
relation of life he was faithful, competent, 
efficient and upright, and these qualities 
brought to him the affection and esteem 
of a large number of friends. 

Mr. Borden married (first) January 8, 
1880, Annie Lincoln Remington, daugh- 
ter of Robert K. and Elizabeth Allen 
(Thatcher) Remington. She died July 2, 
1895. ^^^- Borden married (second) Feb- 
ruary 20, 1901, Bertha Frances Vella, 
daughter of Joseph Franklin and Emma 
Frances (Soule) Vella. of Lynn, !Massa- 
chusetts (see Soule VIII, and Vella be- 
low). There were four children of the 
first marriage: i. Ida Eastman, who mar- 
ried Charles F. Webb, of Worcester, Mas- 
sachusetts ; she died January 4, 1915, the 
mother of children : Annie Elizabeth, 
George Daland, Charlotte Gail, Charles 
Frederick, who died young, and Borden 
Gail Webb. 2. Robert Remington, treas- 
urer of the Borden & Remington Com- 
pany, who married. April 12, 1909, Helen 
Shove, daughter of Charles M. Shove, and 
has three children : Margery, born De- 
cember 26, 1909 ; Robert R., Jr., July 7, 
1912; Richard Shove, in December. 1914. 
3. Edward, a cloth broker in Fall River. 



4. Charles Frederick, who married, April 
26, 1914, Ethel Cabot, of Milton, Massa- 
chusetts, and they have one son, Charles 
F., Jr. Mrs. Bertha Frances (Vella) Bor- 
den survives her husband, and resides at 
the family home in Fall River. She is a 
granddaughter of Nicholas Vella, born 
May 25, 1812, in Malta, Italy. He came to 
America and settled in East Bridgewater, 
^lassachusetts, where he married, Octo- 
ber 20, 1833, Bethiah Churchill, born May 
II, 1816, in Hingham, died June 18, 1854, 
daughter of Levi and Cynthia (Packard) 
Churchill, of Hingham (see Churchill 
VII). They had children: Joseph Frank- 
lin, mentioned below ; William Wallace, 
born March 19, 1837 ; Volanca, Novem- 
ber 8. 1840; Henry Washington, IMay 10, 
1842; Levi Churchill, July 10, 1845; 
Samuel, November 17, 1847. 

Joseph Franklin Vella, eldest child of 
Nicholas and Bethiah (Churchill) Vella, 
was born at East Bridgewater, Massachu- 
setts, July 30, 1835. He was educated in 
the public school of his native place and 
after leaving school learned the business 
of manufacturing boots and shoes. In 
1853 he went into business for himself in 
Lynn and continued prosperously in this 
line until 1871. From his practical ex- 
perience during these years he became 
convinced of the need and advisability 
of a light symmetrical wooden heel 
which should be especially adapted for 
ladies' boots. As a result of this convic- 
tion and some experiments, in 1871 he 
began the manufacture of wooden heels. 
These heels met requirements and the 
business venture became an instant suc- 
cess. The Star Heel Manufacturing Com- 
pany grew from this beginning and was 
organized with the latest improvements 
and appliances necessary for business. 
The heels are made in all the latest styles, 
covered with kid, ooze, canvas, satin, silk 
or velvet. 

Mr. Vella was known to the trade and 



72 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



among his friends as a quiet unostenta- 
tious man deeply interested and thor- 
oughly skilled in his business, his reputa- 
tion being of the highest. From young 
manhood he was an earnest, faithful 
member of the First Methodist Episcopal 
Church, deeply interested in its projects 
and progress, and sincerely conscientious 
in his Christian living. For several years 
he was reelected on the board of trustees 
and being devoted to the interests of 
young men, he taught a large class of 
them in the Sunday school during the 
years they were developing and becoming 
established in life. He married, Novem- 
ber 19, 1856, in Lynn, Emma Frances 
Soule, of that town, born June 4, 1838, 
daughter of Enoch and Lydia (Munroe) 
Soule, of Lynn (see Soule VII). Chil- 
dren : Bertha Frances, mentioned below ; 
Emma Lillian, born September 30, 1863, 
died August 5, 1864; Joseph F., Decem- 
ber 23. 1866, died January 25, 1867; 
Nellie Mabel, October 14, 1868; Emma 
J., October 7, 1874, married, July 2, igoi, 
Leland H. Shaw, and they reside in 
Poughkeepsie, New York, the parents of 
three children: Harvey Vella, born Au- 
gust 13, 1904, died August 21, 1909; 
Emily Porter, born September 19, 1908; 
and Leland Howard, born November 4, 
1910. Mr. Vella was a devoted, exem- 
plary husband and father. He found his 
chief pleasure in promoting the happiness 
of his family. After a five years' period 
of semi-invalidism from paralysis he died 
July 12, 1899, and was buried in the 
family lot in Pine Grove Cemetery, Lynn. 
Bertha Frances Vella, eldest child of 
Joseph Franklin and Emma Frances 
(Soule) Vella, was born October 30, 1861, 
in Lynn, and became the wife of Charles 
F. Borden, as above noted. Mrs. Borden 
has been long very active in Sunday 
school work in Massachusetts. The fol- 
lowing article by Rev. N. T. Whittaker, 
D. D., in "Representative Women of New 



England," published by the New England 
Historical Publishing Company, in 1904, 
gives a fair review of her noble and effici- 
ent work: 

After graduating with honor from the excellent 
public schools of Lynn, she enjoyed a thorough 
training for the work of a teacher in the State 
Normal School of Salem, where she displayed such 
aptness for teaching that, although the youngest 
member of her class, she was chosen by her in- 
structors to teach a class of children at the gradu- 
ation exercises. Two years of successful teach- 
ing followed in historic, classic Concord, Massa- 
chusetts, and then, to the great regret of the Con- 
cord School Board, she yielded to a call to return 
to her native city, and later became the honored 
principal of one of its primary schools, where 
she developed remarkable tact in controlling, in- 
teresting, and enthusing the children under her 
care. In 1892, yielding to the unquestionable call 
of God. she resigned her position as principal, 
and under the direction of Mr. William N. Harts- 
horn, of Boston, one of the best American Sun- 
day school workers, entered the ever-broadening 
field of Christian service as primary secretary of 
the Massachusetts Interdenominational Sunday 
School Association, the first woman of the Union 
elected as a State primary secretary. In this 
office Miss Vella developed great abilities as a 
public speaker, beauty, clearness and helpfulness 
as a writer, and genius as an organizer. In her 
public addresses she always aroused and held her 
audiences and stirred them to profound gratitude 
toward God for His love, and to sincere deter- 
mination to utilize to the best of their abilities 
their opportunities to teach His truths to their 
children. Her influence over children seemed 
irresistable. The irrepressible were checked, the 
listless aroused, all became absorbed in her teach- 
ing. She made the Bible a perfect delight to the 
little ones, the love of Christ a living reality, and 
the desire to serve Him controlling. 

******** 

Miss Vella has been a potent factor in organiz- 
ing the evangelical Sunday schools of Massachu- 
setts into district associations that hold annual 
conventions and other gatherings, 'Unifying, har- 
monizing and intensifying all the vital interests 
of the Sunday schools of Massachusetts. She 
also organized and super\-ised the work of thirty- 
five Primary Teachers' Unions, conducted regu- 
larly the Boston Primary Teachers' Union and 
another in Lynn every Saturday, and on Sunday 
superintended her own Primary Deparment in the 



73 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



historic Lynn Common M. E. For twelve years 
she was unanimously reelected Primary Superin- 
tendent each year and has seen her department 
develop into Beginners' Primary and Junior De- 
partments with a membership of two hundred and 
forty-five. 

In addition to her work in Massachusetts Miss 
Vella has given great impetus to the Sunday 
school cause by her addresses at annual State 
conventions in all the New England States, in 
several Central States, and at annual Sunday 
School conventions in the provinces of Quebec, 
Ontario, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick; at 
the International Conventions held at St. Louis in 
1893, at Boston in 1896, at Atlanta in 1899, and at 
the World's Convention, London, England, in 
1898. At St. Louis in 1893 Miss Vella was elected 
Secretary of the International Primary Teachers' 
Union. She held this office three years, then re- 
signed on account of the growth of Massachu- 
setts work and was elected Vice-President of the 
International Union for three years, when she re- 
signed, in 1899. 

Miss Vella is also the author of several Sunday 
school concert services and of two children's song 
books, "Song and Study for God's Little Ones" 
and "Bible Study Songs," which are justly having 
a wide circulation. 

At the close of 1900 Miss Vella resigned her 
position as State Primary Secretary of Massachu- 
setts, and soon after she was married to Mr. 
Charles F. Borden, a merchant of Fall River. 
Mr. Borden is a member of the State Committee 
of the Young Men's Christian Association and 
President of the Fall River District Sunday 
School Association. 

Since her marriage Mrs. Borden has 
lost none of her interest in the forward 
movements of the Sunday school cause. 
She superintends the junior department 
and serves as chairman of the instruc- 
tion committee of Central Congregational 
Bible School, Fall River. She is a mem- 
ber of the district executive committee 
and president of the Elementary Sunday 
School Teachers' Union of the district. 
"While we recognize the value of all God- 
appointed agencies for the redemption of 
our race, we sincerely believe that in the 
Sabbath school lie the grandest possibili- 
ties, which will be realized only when all 
our children shall be taught of the Lord." 



The following extracts from resolu- 
tions adopted unanimously by the execu- 
tive committee of the Massachusetts Sun- 
day School Association show the high ap- 
preciation felt for Mrs. Borden and her 
work : 

She has organized the primary teachers into 
associations for mutual and helpful intercourse 
and for the interchange of plans and purposes in 
deparment effort, and has, by her lesson studies, 
her literary work, her song books— that have 
effectively touched many young lives — and her 
spirit of devotion and unselfishness, and her ex- 
alted Christian character, lifted the Primary De- 
partment to a higher plane of active and useful 
living; and she has awakened a new and abiding 
interest in the general work as represented by the 
State Association. Her influence in the work for 
the children has not been confined to our own 
State, but has extended far beyond our borders, 
reaching all parts of our country. The wealth of 
her resources, her ripe experience, and her sym- 
pathy have been freely and generously distributed 
where the most good could be accomplished. We 
extend to her our best wishes for the future, and 
pray that God's choicest blessings may ever attend 
her and her work. 

Mrs. Borden is a member of the Fall 
River Woman's Club, the Women's Chris- 
tian Temperance LTnion, and is active in 
promoting the interests of the Young 
Men's and Young Women's Christian 
Associations and all charitable and be- 
nevolent works. 

(The Soule Line). 

(I) George Soule was born in England, 
and came in the "Mayflower" to this 
country. He was the thirty-fifth signer 
of the famous compact, and was entered 
on the passenger list as an apprentice of 
Governor Edward Winslow. As early as 
1623 he was granted in his own right land 
at Plymouth, and in 1633 was admitted a 
freeman and was a taxpayer. He was a 
volunteer for the Pequot War in 1637, 
and had various grants of land at Powder 
Point. In 1638 he sold his Plymouth 
property and moved to Duxbury in Myles 



74 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Standish's company, being a founder 
there, was one of the earliest selectmen, 
and often served in that and other offices. 
He represented the town in the Gen- 
eral Court in 1642-45-46-50-51-54. When 
Bridgewater was set oiif from Duxbury 
he was one of the original proprietors, but 
soon afterward sold his rights and sub- 
sequently became one of the earliest pur- 
chasers of Dartmouth and Middlebor- 
ough. He was a commissioner of court 
in 1640, and was on the important com- 
mittee for the revision of the colony 
laws with Governors Prince. Winslow and 
Constant Southworth, showing that he 
must have been a man of superior intelli- 
gence and education. Winslow mentions 
him among the ablest men of the colony. 
He married, in England, Mary Beckett, 
who came in the "Ann" in 1621, in com- 
pany with Barbara Standish. Patience and 
Fear Brewster. Governor Bradford tells 
us that he had eight children. His wife, 
Mary, died in 1677. He died in 1680, one 
of the last of the Pilgrims to die. His 
will was dated August 11, 1677, proved 
March 5, 1680. Children : Zachariah, 
Mary, George, Susanna, John, Nathaniel, 
Elizabeth, Benjamin. 

(II) John Soule, son of George and 
Mary (Beckett) Soule. was born about 
1632, and was the eldest son, according 
to his father's will ; he died in 1707, aged 
seventy-five years. He served as sur- 
veyor of highways, 1672, 1694; grand 
juryman, 1675-76-77-78-83-84; arbitrator 
between Marshfield and Duxbury, and 
Plymouth and Duxbury, 1698, involving 
land disputes ; witness to the Indian deed 
of Bridgewater, December 23. 1686. In 
1653 he was involved in a quarrel with 
Kenelm Winslow "for speakeing falsly of 
and scandalicing his daughter in carying 
divers fake reports betwixt Josias Stan- 
dish and her." He was fined ten pounds 
and costs of two hundred pounds, June 8, 
1654. He married Hester, probably 



daughter of Philip and Hester (Dews- 
bury) De la Noye, the French Protestant, 
who joined the Pilgrims in Holland. No 
other person of her name was born in 
Duxbury who could have been his wife. 
She was born in 1638, died September 12, 
1733- Children: John, Sarah, Joseph, 
Joshua, Josiah, Moses, Rachel, Benjamin, 
Rebecca. 

(III) Moses Soule, son of John Soule, 
lived in Duxbury, near Island Creek, in 
the eastern part of the town. Little is 
known of him. He died in 1751, being 
well-to-do for the times and owner of 
much land. His personal property was 
appraised at ^736; i6s. and 5d. There is 
no record of his wife. Children : Isaac, 
Cornelius, Barnabas, Ruth, Ichabod, 
Elsie, Gideon, Deborah, Jedediah. 

(IV) Barnabas Soule, son of Moses 
Soule, was born in 1705, in Duxbury, and 
settled about 1742 in North Yarmouth, 
Maine, where his elder brother, Cornelius, 
and his younger brother, Jedediah. also 
settled. In 1745 he purchased the home- 
stead of the former. With his wife he 
was received in the First Church of North 
Yarmouth, August 30, 1742, by public 
profession. He died April 8, 1780, and 
was buried in the old graveyard, over- 
looking the town of North Yarmouth and 
Casco Bay. He married, in 1737, Jane, 
daughter of Jacob and Elizabeth (Stock- 
man) Bradbury, of Salisbury, Massachu- 
setts, baptized August 4, 1718, a great- 
granddaughter of Rev. John Wheelwright. 
Children: Moses, mentioned below ; John, 
born March 12, 1740; Cornelius, June 28, 
1743; Sarah, September 4, 1745: Eliza- 
beth, October 28, 1747; Mercy, Novem- 
ber 27, 1749; Samuel, June 16,1752: Jane, 
September 2"], 1755 ; Barnabas, March 25, 

1758. 

(V) Moses (2) Soule, eldest child of 
Barnabas and Jane (Bradbury) Soule, 
was born August 9, 1738, and resided in 
Freeport, Maine, where he was for many 



75 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



years a deacon of the church. He mar- 
ried, July 24, 1760, Nancy Hewes, born 
about 1736, died September 27, 1812. 
Children : Mary, married David Wilson ; 
William, mentioned below ; John ; I^Ioses, 
born December 28, 1769; Jane, July 6, 
1772 ; Charles. 

(VI) William Soule, eldest son of 
Moses (2) and Nancy (Hewes) Soule, 
was born July 17, 1764, in Freeport, 
where he made his home, and died Octo- 
ber 6, 1826. He married, in 1787, Sarah, 
daughter of Ambrose and Elizabeth 
(Newhall) Talbot, of Lynn, Massachu- 
setts, born December 10, 1769, and died 
April II, 1856. Children: Bethiah, born 
June 20, 1789, died 1809; Sarah, January 
I, 1791 ; William, November 25, 1794; 
Elizabeth, November i, 1797; Enoch, 
mentioned below; JNIicajah, August 20, 
1802 ; Joanna, December 28, 1805 ; Samuel, 
November 30, 1807; Bethiah, June 2, 1809. 

(VII) Enoch Soule, second son of Wil- 
liam and Sarah (Talbot) Soule, was born 
May 10, 1800, in Freeport, Alaine, and re- 
sided in Lynn, Massachusetts, where he 
died. He married in Lynn, November 20, 
1822, Lydia ^lunroe, of Lynn, born No- 
vember 12, 1806, died there February 21, 
1 85 1, daughter of George and Martha 
(Richardson) Munroe. Children: Julia 
Ann, born April 24, 1824, married George 
Churchill, both now deceased ; Adoniram 
Judson, December 20, 1825, now deceased ; 
Lydia Lincoln, December 22, 1828, died 
February 19, 1843 ! Adeline Augusta, June 
30, 1831, now deceased; Eliza Ellen, 
March 2, 1834, died April 15, 1843; Emma 
Frances, mentioned below ; Lydia Ellen, 
August 3, 1844, unmarried, now living in 
Lynn, Massachusetts. 

(VIII) Emma Frances Soule, fifth 
daughter of Enoch and Lydia (Munroe) 
Soule, was born June 4, 1838, in Lynn, 
and became the wife of Joseph Franklin 
Vella, of that town (see Borden IX). 



(The Churchill Line). 

Like a majority of English families of 
renown the Churchills trace their lineage 
to a follower of the Norman Conqueror, 
and in France their ancestral line goes 
to a much remote period. During the 
eleventh century Wandril de Leon, a 
scion of a noble family and a son of Giles 
de Leon, became Lord of Coureil (now 
Courcelles) in the province of Lorraine. 
He adopted Corcil as his family name ; 
married Isabella de Tuya and had two 
sons : Roger and Rouland. Roger de 
Coureil accompanied William Duke of 
Normandy to England ; participated in 
the conquest, and for his services was 
granted lands in Dorset, Somerset, Wilts 
and Shropshire. He married Gertrude, 
daughter of Sir Guy de Toray, and had 
three sons : John, Hugh Fitz-Roger and 
Roger Fitz-Roger. John de Coureil, son 
of Roger and Gertrude (de Toray) de 
Coureil, married Jane de Kilrington, and 
their son, Bartholomew, was knighted 
during the reign of King Stephen (1135- 
II 54) as Sir Bartholomew de Cherchile. 
William Churchill, the seventh in line of 
descent from Roger de Coureil, of France, 
was the first to adopt this form of spell- 
ing the name. These gleanings will serve 
as a brief summary of the early history of 
the Churchills in England. 

(I) John Churchill belonged to one of 
the branches of the family constituting 
the posterity of the above mentioned 
Roger, but his immedate ancestors are as 
yet unknown as are also the date and 
place of his birth. According to a list of 
the male inhabitants of Plymouth, Mas- 
sachusetts, between the ages of sixteen 
and sixty years, made in 1643, he was then 
residing there but there is no record of 
his arrival. He purchased a farm of one 
Richard Higgins in 1645 ! '^^'^s admitted 
a freeman of the colony in 165 1 ; bought 
another tract of land in 1652 lying in that 



76 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



part of Plymouth then called Willingly 
and on the deed of conveyance he is 
styled "Planter." His death occurred in 
Plymouth, January i, 1663. On Decem- 
ber 18, 1644, he married Hannah Pontus, 
who was born in either Holland or Eng- 
land in 1623, daughter of William and 
Wybra (Hanson) Pontus, who arrived in 
Plymouth as early as 1633. The children 
of John and Hannah (Pontus) Churchill 
were : Joseph, born 1647 ; Hannah, Octo- 
ber 12, 1649; Eliezer, April 20, 1652; 
Mary, August i, 1654; William, men- 
tioned below; John, 1657. 

(II) William Churchill, third son of 
John and Hannah (Pontus) Churchill, 
was born 1656, in Plymouth, and died in 
Plympton, October 5, 1722. He inherited 
lands in Plympton, then Punkatussett, a 
part of old Plymouth, and was among the 
first settlers there. He and his wife were 
members of the Plymouth church. He 
married, in Plymouth, January 17, 1683, 
Lydia Bryant, daughter of Stephen and 
Abigail (Shaw) Bryant, died February 6, 
1736, in her seventy-fourth year. Chil- 
dren, born in Plympton : William, men- 
tioned below; Samuel, April 15, 1688; 
James, September 21, 1690; Isaac, Sep- 
tember 16, 1693; Benjamin, 1695; Lydia, 
April 16, 1699; Josiah, August 21, 1702; 
Mehitable. 

(III) William (2) Churchill, eldest 
child of William (i) and Lydia (Bryant) 
Churchill, was born August 2, 1685, in 
Plympton, where he continued to reside 
at the place called "Rocky Gutter," and 
died February 3, 1760. He was a member 
of the church with his wife, and was 
several times representative from the 
town in the State Legislature. He mar- 
ried, January 4, 1704, Ruth Bryant, born 
1685, daughter of John Bryant, died April 
17, 1757, in Plympton. Children: Eben- 
ezer, born October 18, 1705; Hannah, 
October 23, 1707; David, mentioned be- 
low; Rebecca, January 8, 1712; William, 



December 15, 1714; Ruth, September 14, 
1715; Nathaniel, May 11, 1718; Abigail, 
July II, 1720; Ichabod, September 24, 
1722; Sarah, February 7, 1725; Joanna, 
May 22, 1727. 

(IV) David Churchill, second son of 
William (2) and Ruth (Bryant) Churchill, 
was born November 4, 1709, in Plympton, 
where he resided, built a residence which 
is still standing, and died September 27, 
1785. He married, in 1728, Mary Magoon, 
who died April 18, 1785. Children: David, 
mentioned below ; Hannah, born June 17, 
1733; William, November 20, 1739; Elias, 
August 7, 1742; James, May 24, 1746. 

(V) David (2) Churchill, eldest child 
of David (i) and Mary (Magoon) 
Churchill, was born August 9, 1729, in 
Plympton, where he lived for a time, and 
late in life removed to Hingham, Massa- 
chusetts, where he died February 23, 1812. 
He was a soldier of the Revolution, in 
Captain Thomas Loring's company, 
which marched to Marshfield on the Lex- 
ington Alarm, April 19, 1775. He mar- 
ried (first) February i, 1750, Jane Ellis, 
who died August 21, 1775, probably a 
daughter of of Samuel and Mercy Ellis. 
He married (second) Lurania McFar- 
land. Children of first marriage: Hannah, 
born June 14, 1752; Molly, July 21, 1754; 
Jane, August 30, 1756; Elias, January 26, 
1759 ; Levi, July 4, 1761, died 1775 ; Patte, 
March 12, 1764; Sylvia, February 21, 
1767; David, May 18, 1771. Children of 
second marriage: David, June 11, 1778; 
Levi, mentioned below ; Thaddeus, March 
18, 1782; Jesse, August 28, 1784; Asaba, 
February 19, 1787; Rufus, October 10, 
1789; Lydia, married Mott King; Otis, 
died young. 

(VI) Levi Churchill, fifth son of David 
(2) Churchill, and second son of his sec- 
ond wife, Lurania (McFarland) Churchill, 
was born February 20, 1780, in Plympton, 
and resided in Hingham, where he died 
in 1843. He married (first) Seotember 



17 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



19, 1799, Cynthia Packard, of East Bridge- 
water, Massachusetts, who died in 1832. 
He married (second) October 20, 1833, 
Adeline C. Wright, of Plympton. Chil- 
dren of first marriage : Asaba, born Au- 
gust 9, i8oi ; Levi, March 5, 1803; Lu- 
rania, April 17, 1804; Luther, April, 1805; 
Abisha S., October 13, 1807; Cynthia, 
January 27, 1809; Sarah C, Alarch 9, 
181 1 ; David, June, 1812; William Mor- 
ton, August 24, 1814; Bethiah, mentioned 
below; Elizabeth, January 6, 1818; Ben- 
jamin Pierson, February, 1820; George, 
May 5, 1821. Child of second marriage: 
Ethan S., January 11, 1835. 

(VII) Bethiah Churchill, fifth daugh- 
ter of Levi and Cynthia (Packard) 
Churchill, was born May 11, 1816, in 
Hingham, and became the wife of Nichol- 
as Vella, of East Bridgewater, Massachu- 
setts (see Borden IX). 



KNOWLES, Edwin Hiram, 

Banker, Retired Citizen. 

The Knowles family is a very ancient 
one in New England. Across the water, 
in Lincolnshire, England, was born one 
John Knowles, who pursued his studies 
at Magdalen College, Cambridge. In 1625 
he was chosen a Fellow of Catherine 
Hall, where he had full employment as a 
tutor. At one time he had forty pupils, 
many of whom afterward became well- 
known — some distinguished as preachers, 
and others eminent as statesmen. He was 
for a period at the invitation of the mayor 
and aldermen of Colchester their lecturer. 
He came to New England in 1639, and in 
December of that year was ordained sec- 
ond pastor of the church in Watertown, 
in connection with Rev. George Phillips. 
In the early part of 1642 a Mr. Bennet 
from Virginia arrived at Boston with 
letters to the ministers of New England, 
earnestly requesting that they would send 
persons in to that destitute region to 



preach the gospel. It fell to the lot of Mr. 
Knowles to be one of those who went in 
response to the call from Virginia to that 
locality. He later returned to Massachu- 
setts and the Watertown Church. In 
1650 he returned to England and there 
became a preacher in the cathedral at 
Bristol, where he was useful and highly 
respected. He later preached in private 
in London. He is represented as having 
been "a goodly man and a prime scholar," 
and died in 1685, at a good old age. This 
Rev. John Knowles is believed to be 
the father of Richard Knowles, the an- 
cestor of the Cape Cod Knowles. He 
was of Plymouth as early as January, 
1637-38; a proprietor in 1638-39, and in 
1640 had land at the head of George 
Bower's meadow. In August, 1639, he 
married Ruth Bower, and their children 
were: i. John, born about 1640. 2. 
Samuel, born September 17, 1651, likely 
in Plymouth, died in 1737; became one 
of the most eminent men in Eastham, for 
years representing his town in the Gen- 
eral Court, and also serving as selectman ; 
married Mercy Freeman, daughter of 
John Freeman, of Eastham, died 1744. 3. 
Mehitable, died at Eastham, May 20, 
1653. 4. Barbara, born 1653. 5. Mercy, 
married Ephraim Doane. John Knowles, 
the first named son of Richard Knowles, 
was the ancestor of the Eastham branch 
of the Knowles family. He married, De- 
cember 28, 1670, Apphia Bangs, who was 
born October 15, 1651, daughter of Ed- 
ward and Lydia (Hicks) Bangs, who 
came from Chichester in England in the 
ship "Ann," which landed at Plymouth 
the last of July, 1644, and settled in East- 
ham on Cape Cod ; Lydia Hicks was a 
daughter of Robert and Margery Hicks. 
Mr. Bangs superintended the building of 
a barque of forty or fifty tons, which, 
says tradition, was the first vessel built 
at Plymouth ; he was deputy to the Colo- 
nial Court some five years and held many 



78 




O^.^^'i^^^^x;^:^^^ 




^-1^-«L., 



l''^Blic'''j''^K 



^ibH 








ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



other public offices. John Knowles was 
killed in King Philip's War, 1675-76, and 
is referred to in Freeman's "Cape Cod," 
provision being especially made by the 
court for "Aptha, widow of John Knowles 
of Eastham, lately slain in the service." 
Children of John and Apphia (Bangs) 
Knowles : Edward, born November 7, 
1671 ; John, July 10, 1673; Deborah, 
March 2, 1675. From the sons, Edward 
and John, have descended a very numer- 
ous progeny, including multitudes of men 
who engaged in sea life. Before the de- 
velopment of railroads, all travel of 
people residing near the sea was done by 
water, and there can be little doubt that 
the Knowles family of Maine came from 
Eastham in Massachusetts. 

The first now known of this line was 
Hiram Knowles, a farmer, who resided in 
New Portland, Somerset county, Maine. 
He married Mary Churchill, born March 
16, 1815, who died in Richmond, Wiscon- 
sin, while visiting her daughter; she was 
the daughter of Tobias and Jane (Ever- 
ette) Churchill, of New Portland (see 
Churchill V). Children: i. Laura, mar- 
ried Leonard Knowlton. 2. Sabrina, 
married a Mr. Smith. 3. Mary, wife of 
A. B. Miner, residing in Chicopee, Massa- 
chusetts. 4. Edwin Hiram, mentioned 
below. 5. Ella, died in Auburn, Maine, 
unmarried. 

Edwin Hiram Knowles was born Sep- 
tember I, 1847, iri New Portland, where 
he was reared on the paternal farm, and 
attended the local schools. At the age of 
eighteen years he went to Lewiston, 
Maine, where he entered the finishing 
department of Lewiston Mills, and in 
course of time learned all the branches of 
the manufacturing business carried on 
there. In 1871 he went to Taunton, Mas- 
sachusetts, to accept a position as over- 
seer of the finishing department at the 
Whittendon Mills. Here he continued 
until 1896, when he resigned, and went 



to Columbus, Georgia, to occupy a simi- 
lar position in a cotton mill there. After 
a period of seven years in the South, dur- 
ing a part of which time he was at Con- 
cord, Georgia, he returned to Taunton, 
and there lived, retired, until his death, 
which occurred October 12, 1914, at his 
home in that city. His body was laid to 
rest in Mayflower Hill Cemetery. Mr. 
Knowles erected a handsome house on 
Warren street, Tauton, where he spent a 
happy and serene old age in retirement 
from active labor, a vacation well earned 
by a long life of usefulness and diligent 
application. Mr. Knowles was a master 
of all departments in the textile industry, 
and was equally popular with his em- 
ployers and those who served under his 
supervision. He was everywhere re- 
spected as a gentleman of pleasing man- 
ners and most upright character. His 
broad and sympathetic nature is indicated 
by his membership in the great Masonic 
fraternity. In politics he was always a 
staunch Republican, and in 1912 he was 
elected attendance officer of the Taunton 
public schools, in which service he con- 
tinued until the day of his death. He 
married, September 27, 1864, in Lewiston. 
Maine, Jennie Alice Harris, born August 
5, 1843, 'n Brownville, Maine, daughter 
of Jacob Waterman and Caroline (Wil- 
kins) Harris, the former a native of 
Poland, Maine, son of William and Mary 
Harris. Caroline Wilkins was a daughter 
of George Wilkins, of Brownville, Maine. 
Mrs. Knowles was ever a most devoted 
wife and mother, and now lives on War- 
ren street, Taunton. She is the mother of 
three children: i. Adelbert Harris, born 
January 25. 1874, now associated with the 
Reed & Barton Silver Company of Taun- 
ton ; he married Jessie Brown, and they 
have a daughter, Charlotte. 2. Frank 
Elmer, born June 6, 1880, is an attorney 
at Taunton ; he married Susan Wood- 
ward, and has twin children, Richard and 



79 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Ruth. 3. Henry Arthur, born December 
7, 1887, resides in Medford, Massachu- 
setts ; he married Olive E. Hall, of Med- 
ford, and has two daughters, Mary Ger- 
trude and Jane Harris. 

Resolutions in Memory of Edwin H. Knowles : 
Whereas, Edwin H. Knowles, one of the char- 
ter members of this bank, and a director from 
1880 to 1884; its vice-president from 1884 to 
1890; president from 1890 to 1894; and treasurer 
from 1894 to igoo, departed this Hfe, October 12, 
1914, be it 

Resolved, that we, the directors of the Me- 
chanics' Co-Operative Bank, hereby express our 
appreciation of the services which he rendered in 
promoting the interests of the bank, especially 
during its early existence, and the zeal and fidelity 
with which he performed the duties of his vari- 
ous offices, therefore be it further 

Resolved, that a copy of these resolutions be 
sent to the family of the deceased, and a copy 
spread upon the records of the bank. 

(The Churchill Line). 

(I) John Churchill, born in England 
about 1620, died at Plymouth, Massa- 
chusetts, in 1662, appears first in Ameri- 
can records on the list of men able to bear 
arms at Plymouth in 1643. He bought a 
farm of Richard Higgins in Plymouth, 
August 18, 1645, was admitted a freeman, 
June 5, 165 1, and became owner of much 
land. He made a noncupative will. May 
3, 1662, proved October 20, 1662. He 
married, December 18, 1644, Hannah 
Pontus, daughter of William Pontus, and 
she married (second) June 25, 1669, Giles 
Rickard, as his third wife ; she died at 
Hobb's Hole, December 22, 1690, in her 
sixty-seventh year. Children: Joseph, 
born 1647; Hannah, November 12, 1649; 
Eliezer, mentioned below ; Mary, Au- 
gust I, 1654; William, 1656; John, 1657. 

(II) Eliezer Churchill, second son of 
John and Hannah (Pontus) Churchill, 
was born April 20, 1652, in Plymouth, 
where he was made a freeman in 1683, 
and resided on a part of his father's 
estate, where the first house was built at 



Hobb's Hole. He was granted a strip of 
land thirty feet wide by the town for 
erecting wharves, and died about 1716. 
His first wife was Mary, and he married 
(second) February 8, 1685, Mary, daugh- 
ter of Edward and Faith (Clarke) Doty, 
born about 1650-52, died December 11, 
1715. Children of first marriage: Hannah, 
born August 23, 1676 ; Joanna, November 
25, 1678; Abigail, 1680; Eliezer, Febru- 
ary 23, 1682; Stephen, February 16, 1684. 
Children of second marriage: Jedediah, 
February 27, 1687; Mary, 1688; Elkanah, 
March i, 1691 ; Nathaniel, April 16, 1693; 
Josiah, 1694; John, mentioned below. 

(III) John (2) Churchill, youngest 
child of Eliezer and Mary (Doty) 
Churchill, was born September 12, 1698, 
in Plymouth, and settled in Portsmouth, 
New Hampshire, where he died October 
7, 1769. He was a cordwainer by trade, 
and his name appears in many land sales 
in Portsmouth. The inventory of his 
estate made October 28, 1769, placed its 
value at £129, i8s. and gd. His widow, 
Elizabeth, sold her dower right in the 
estate in 1770 for fifteen pounds. She 
died about 1775. He married (first) in 
Portsmouth, Mary, daughter of Daniel 
Jackson ; she died December 27, 1745, 
and he married (second) Elizabeth (Jack- 
son) Cotton, widow of Thomas Cotton, 
probably a sister of his first wife. Chil- 
dren : John, born September 8, 1719; 
Daniel. October 21, 1721 ; Mary, March 
4, 1724; Ebenezer, June 6, 1726; Arthur, 
November 25. 1728; William, March 14, 
1732; Sanford, May 20, 1733; Tobias, 
January 26, 1735; Martha, October 15, 
1737; Elizabeth, April 10, 1740; Benja- 
min, October 13. 1741 ; Joseph, mentioned 
below. 

(IV) Joseph Churchill, youngest child 
of John (2) and Mary (Jackson) 
Churchill, was born March 25, 1744, in 
Portsmouth, and was living there Janu- 
ary 3, 1770, when he placed a mortgage 



80 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



on one-third of a lot in Pickering Neck, 
formerly the property of his father. He 
was called a mariner. He married Eliza- 
beth Cotton, of Portsmouth, probably the 
daughter of Timothy and Mary Cotton, 
born June 13, 1746. Children: Mary; 
John, born May 26, 1770; William, July 
9, 1776; Daniel; Tobias, mentioned be- 
low; Benjamin, 1782; Betsey; Martha, 
October 19, 1788. 

(V) Tobias Churchill, fourth son of 
Joseph and Elizabeth (Cotton) Churchill, 
was born June 12, 1780, probably in 
Portsmouth, and settled at New Port- 
land, Maine. He married, in 1806, Jane 
Everett, born March 12, 1786, and they 
had children : Tobias, born January 23, 
1807; Mindwell, July 13, 180S ; John, 
March 25, 1810; Climena, February 23, 
181 1 ; Jane, April 27, 1813; Mary, men- 
tioned below; Caroline, June 17, 1817; 
Emily, May 6, 1819; Joanna, July 22, 
1821 ; Lucy, October 6, 1823 ; Warren, 
September 28, 1826; Elizabeth, March 
28, 1828. 

(VI) Mary Churchill, third daughter 
of Tobias and Jane (Everett) Churchill, 
was born March 16, 181 5, in New Port- 
land, Maine, and became the wife of Hi- 
ram Knowles, of that town (see Knowles). 

(The Harris Line). 

(I) Thomas Harris, the progenitor, 
was probably a nephew of the first 
Thomas Harris, of Ipswich. Little is 
known of him and perhaps some facts 
credited to the record of Thomas, Sr., 
and Thomas, Jr., belonged to him. He 
lived at Ipswich, and his widow, Mar- 
tha, married, in 1683, Samuel Burnham. 
Thomas, Sr., who died in 1687, also had 
a wife, Martha. Children: Thomas, of 
Ipswich; John, mentioned below; Elinor; 
Aquila ; Mary. 

(II) John Harris, son of Thomas Har- 
ris, was born about 1650, in Ipswich, 
where he lived and died. His will, dated 

MASS— Vol III— 6 81 



July 16, 1714, proved November 13, 1714, 
bequeathed to son Thomas lands at 
Gloucester, excepting the lot at Pigeon 
Cove, and "that lot that was Law's ;" to 
sons John and Samuel remainder of 
land in Ipswich and Gloucester, Coxhall 
(Maine), except lot at Pigeon Cove. To 
John he gave his gold ring and silver shoe 
buckles. He bequeathed also to four 
daughters, mentioned below. The Chris- 
tian name of his wife was Esther, and 
their children were: i. Thomas, born 
about 1675, in Ipswich, married Susanna 
Sibley, daughter of William Sibley ; she 
died January 15, 1705 ; he was in Glouces- 
ter as early as November 29, 1702, when 
his son John was born there; son Wil- 
liam, born January 10, 1705, at Glouces- 
ter; he bought land at Sandy Bay, 
Gloucester, March, 1709, of Richard Tarr, 
and again in 1712 more land. 2. John, 
mentioned below. 3. Samuel, perhaps, 
settled in Maine, on land inherited at 
Coxhall. 4. Abigail, married a Mr. Burn- 
ham. 5. Esther. 6. Mary. 7. Margaret. 

(III) John (2) Harris, second son of 
John (i) and Esther Harris, was in 
Gloucester as early as 1711. In 1720 he 
had a grant of land near his home on 
Pigeon Hill, Gloucester. He had wife, 
Maria. Children: Samuel, mentioned be- 
low; Thomas, married Sarah Norwood; 
Benjamin, born June 6, 1716, died Sep- 
tember 21, 1726; Hannah, October 26, 
1720; Abigail; Ann, married Jonathan 
Andros. 

(IV) Samuel Harris, son of John (2) 
and Maria Harris, born about 1710, was 
a fisherman. His estate was divided by 
deed dated July 7, 1770, signed by Thom- 
as Harris, of Gloucester; Samuel Plum- 
mer, of Gloucester, as attorney for Abi- 
gail Grover and Jonathan and Ann An- 
dros. The estate is described as belong- 
ing to their father, who inherited it from 
his father, "John Harris of Ipswich." 
Samuel Harris received land on the cape, 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



on the west side of Little Swamp, near 
his own barn, adjoining land of Caleb 
Poole and Jonathan Poole. Children : 
Samuel, born about 1735 ; went to Maine. 
Amos, William and David, of New 
Gloucester, Maine, also appear to belong 
to this family. They settled before the 
Revolution on Harris Hill. 

(V) The town of New Gloucester, in 
Maine, was settled before the middle of 
the eighteenth century, and, as above 
noted, three sons of Samuel Harris were 
among the settlers there. William Har- 
ris, born about 1740-50, was a commis- 
sioner and assessor of New Gloucester, 
elected November 27, 1763. He was sub- 
sequently surveyor of highways, and on 
September 19, 1774, was made a member 
of a committee to meet at Portland and 
consider the threatening condition of 
political affairs. He was captain of the 
militia, and was otherwise prominent in 
the town. He was selectman in 1775, 
1778 and 1779. He was undoubtedly the 
father of John, Silas, Moses Little and 
Baron Harris, who settled in the adjoin- 
ing town of Poland, Androscoggin county, 
Maine, before 1795. 

(VI) Silas Harris, one of the four 
brothers who were pioneer settlers in 
Poland, had sons : William, Aretas and 
Josiah. 

(VII) William Harris, son of Silas 
Harris, had a wife, Mary, probably a 
sister of Daniel Waterman, who came 
from Halifax, Massachusetts, to New 
Gloucester before 1793. 

(VIII) Jacob Waterman Harris, son 
of William and Mary Harris, was born 
February 16, 1814, in Poland, and died at 
Milo, Piscataquis county, Maine, Febru- 
ary 8, 1888. He was a Baptist in re- 
ligion, a Republican, and iilled various 
town offices in Milo. In early life he 
was a teacher, and was very unfortunate, 
having been burned out twice, and on 
one occasion a little daughter was burned 



with his house. Two daughters died of 
diphtheria. He married (first) Caroline, 
daughter of George Wilkins, of Brown- 
ville, Maine. She died at the age of 
twenty-five years. He married (second) 
her sister, Susan Wilkins. He married 
(third) Flavilla P. Hamlin, born July 4, 
1830, in Vassalboro, daughter of Deacon 
Daniel and Martha (Baxter) Hamlin. 
After her death he married (fourth) 
Vesta Williams, a widow, sister of his 
third wife. There were two children of 
the first wife: Jennie Alice, mentioned 
below, and Caroline P., wife of Melvin 
Bigelow, of St. Albans, Maine ; she now 
deceased. Children of the second wife : 
William Waterman, who died in Brown- 
ville. and Louise, now deceased. Chil- 
dren of the third wife : Charles, of Brown- 
ville, Maine ; Daniel, of Bangor, Maine ; 
Joseph, deceased; Nellie, wife of W'illiam 
H. Richardson, of Milo, Maine. There 
was no issue of the last marriage. 

(IX) Jennie Alice Harris, eldest child 
of Jacob Waterman and Caroline (Wil- 
kins) Harris, became the wife of Edwin 
Hiram Knowles, of New Portland (see 
Knowles). 



FULLER, William Eddy, 

Jurist, Influential Citizen. 

This is one of the class known as occu- 
pative surnames, dates from the twelfth 
century, or later, and has the same signifi- 
cation as Tucker or Walker, "one who 
thickens and whitens cloth." Various 
persons named Fuller have won distinc- 
tion in both England and America. Nich- 
olas Fuller, born 1557, was a distin- 
guished Oriental scholar ; another Nicho- 
las Fuller, died 1620, was a prominent 
lawyer and member of Parliament ; Isaac 
Fuller, died 1672, was a noted painter ; 
Andrew Fuller, born 1754, was an emi- 
nent Baptist minister and writer; Thomas 
Fuller, English divine and author, born 



82 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1608, was chaplain extraordinary to 
Charles II., and a prolific writer. A high 
authority said of him : "Fuller was in- 
comparably the most sensible, the least 
prejudiced great man of an age that 
boasted of a galaxy of great men." Sarah 
Margaret Fuller, Marchioness of Ossobi, 
born 1810, was a prominent teacher, edi- 
tor and author. Melville W. Fuller, born 
1833, distinguished as a jurist, served as 
chief justice of the United States. 

(I) John Fuller, ancestor of several im- 
migrants who came on the "Mayflower," 
lived in the parish of Redenhall with 
Harleston, in nearly the center of the hun- 
dred of Earsham, County Norfolk, Eng- 
land. Wortwell, an adjacent parish, 
shares in the parish church, through 
which the division line passes. He was 
born probably as early as 1500 and died in 
1558-59. There were living in Redenhall 
in 1482 and 1488 John and William Fuller, 
one of whom was doubtless father of John 
Fuller (i), whose will was dated Febru- 
ary 4, 1558-59, and proved May 12, 1559, 
bequeathing to his son John lands in 
Redenhall and Wortwell ; also to son 
Robert and daughter Alice (Ales) ; and 
to Stephen and Frances Sadd. Children: 
John; Alice; Robert, mentioned below. 

(II) Robert Fuller, son of John Fuller, 
lived at Redenhall, was a yeoman and a 
butcher by trade. His will was dated 
May 19, 1614, and proved May 31, 1614, 
by the widow, and June 16, 1614, by son 
Thomas. He bequeathed to wife Frances 
a place in Assyes, in Harleston or Reden- 
hall, for the term of her natural life ; to 
son Edward the same tenement after his 
wife's death ; to son Samuel ; to daughter 
Anna ; daughter Elizabeth Fuller and 
daughter Mary Fuller ; to son Thomas a 
tenement "wherein now dwell, held of 
Tryndelhedge Bastoft Manor in Reden- 
hall or Harleston ;" and mentions grand- 
son John, son of John, deceased. His 



wife's baptismal name was Frances, and 
they had the following children : Thomas, 
baptized December 13, 1573; Edward, 
September 4, 1575, came in the "May- 
flower" and signed the compact, died in 
1621, left an only son Samuel ; Ann, April 
22, 1577; Ann, December 21, 1578; John, 
March 15, 1579; Samuel, mentioned be- 
low; Robert, October 22, 1581 ; Edmund, 
May 19, 1583; Sarah, September 4, 1586; 
Christopher, December 15, 1588. Several 
other children of Robert Fuller may have 
been of another of the same name. The 
will of Robert Fuller, butcher, mentions 
those of the American families, however. 

(III) Dr. Samuel Fuller, of the "May- 
flower," progenitor of the family here 
under consideration, was a physician of 
much skill and a man who was distin- 
guished for his great piety and upright 
character. He lived in the Plymouth 
colony and died there in 1633. He mar- 
ried (first) in London, England, Elise 
Glascock, who died before 1613 ; (second) 
in Leyden, Holland, April 30, 1613, Agnes 
Carpenter, who was a sister of Alice Car- 
penter, the second wife of Governor Brad- 
ford ; she died before 1617; (third) in 
Leyden, May 27, 1617, Bridget Lee, who 
came over in the "Ann" in 1623, in com- 
pany with Matthew Fuller, son of Ed- 
ward Fuller. She also brought with her 
an infant child, who died soon after she 
arrived at Plymouth. Dr. Samuel and 
Bridget (Lee) Fuller had two children 
born in Plymouth, Samuel and Mercy, the 
latter of whom married Ralph James. 

(IV) Rev. Samuel (2) Fuller, son of 
Dr. Samuel (i) and Bridget (Lee) Fuller, 
was born 1629, in Plymouth, and was one 
of the twenty-six original proprietors of 
Middleboro, and the first minister of that 
town, where he died August 17. 1695. He 
had been educated for the ministry, and 
preached in Middleboro many years be- 
fore his ordination, which did not take 



83 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



place until 1694. His grave is on the 
"Hill" in Plymouth. He married Eliza- 
beth Brewster, probably some relative of 
Elder William Brewster, of the Plymouth 
colony. She survived him more than 
eighteen years, and died in Plympton, 
Massachusetts, November 11, 1713. Chil- 
dren: Mercy, born about 1656; Samuel, 
about 1659; Experience, about 1661 ; John, 
1663; Elizabeth, 1666; Hannah, 1668; 
Isaac, mentioned below, and Jabez, who 
died in 1712. 

(V) Dr. Isaac Fuller, youngest son of 
Rev. Samuel (2) and Elizabeth (Brew- 
ster) Fuller, was born 1675, ^^ Plymouth, 
and lived in that part of North Bridge- 
water which is now Brockton, Massachu- 
setts, where he died in 1727. He was a 
physician of reputation, residing in Hali- 
fax, jMassachusetts, and married, October 
20, 1709, Mary Eddy. Their first two 
children are recorded in Plympton, and 
the others in ]\Iiddleboro: Reliance, born 
December 28, 1710; Isaac, September 24, 
1712; Elijah, July 23, 1715 ; Samuel, Janu- 
ary 29, 1718; Micah, January 31, 1720; 
Jabez, mentioned below ; Mary, August 
23, 1726. 

(VI) Dr. Jabez Fuller, youngest son of 
Dr. Isaac and !Mary (Eddy) Fuller, was 
born May 7, 1723, recorded in Middle- 
boro, and lived in Bridgewater, Massa- 
chusetts, whence he removed to Med- 
field, same colony. In 1756 he purchased 
a homestead farm in "Dingle Dell," Med- 
field, and engaged in practice in that 
town, where he died October 5, 1781. In 
1747 he was received in the Medfield 
church from the church at Bridgewater. 
He had a high reputation as a physician. 
He married at Boston, May 12, 1747, Eliz- 
abeth Hilliard, of that town, born October 
6, 1724, daughter of John and Elizabeth 
Hilliard (the latter married, June 10, 1712, 
by Cotton Mather). Mrs. Fuller survived 
her husband twenty years, and died Octo- 



ber 22, 1801. Children, born in Medfield: 
Jonathan, mentioned below; John, born 
July 28, 1750; Elizabeth, April 12, 1752; 
Jabez, May 26, 1753; Thomas, June 27, 
1755; Mary, June 9, 1758; Catherine, 
April 2, 1760; Sarah, February 25, 1763; 
Experience, June i, 1766. 

(VII) Dr. Jonathan Fuller, eldest child 
of Dr. Jabez and Elizabeth (Hilliard) 
Fuller, was born October 3, 1748, in Med- 
field, and was a physician, residing in 
Middleboro, where he died March 13, 
1802. He married, August 31, 1774, Lucy 
Eddy, born 1757, died September 17, 1839, 
aged eighty-one and a half years. Chil- 
dren : Lucy Eddy, born April 20, 1776; 
Jonathan Hilliard, January 9, 1779; 
Thomas, 1780, died young; Sally, Novem- 
ber 12, 1781 ; Thomas, January 13, 1785; 
Zachariah, November 22, 1787; Betsey, 
February 19, 1789; Jabez, mentioned be- 
low; Seth, December 10, 1793; John, 
March 20, 1796; Mercy Freeman, July 5, 
1798. 

(VTII) Jabez (2) Fuller, sixth son of 
Dr. Jonathan and Lucy (Eddy) Fuller, 
was born July 18, 1791, in Middleboro, 
and lived in Bridgewater, Boston, Read- 
ing and Wethersfield, Vermont, dying 
July 15, 1873, in the village of Perkins- 
ville, in the last named town. He mar- 
ried, September 7, 1815, Sarah Hudson 
Churchill, of Plympton, daughter of 
James and Sarah (Soule) Churchill, a de- 
scendant of Myles Standish, of the May- 
flower colony. Captain Myles Standish, 
who came in the "Mayflower" in 1620, 
with his wife Rose, was born in England 
about 1586. He settled first in Plymouth, 
but soon removed among the early set- 
tlers of Duxbury, across the bay from 
Plymouth, and the hill rising abruptly 
from the waters of Plymouth bay, upon 
which he built his house and lived the 
remainder of his life, has been called Cap- 
tain's Hill to this day. He signed the 



84 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



compact, and became one of the leading 
men of the colony. In February, 1621, at 
a general meeting to establish military 
arrangements, he was chosen captain and 
vested with the command. He conducted 
all the early expeditions against the In- 
dians and continued in the military serv- 
ice of the colony his whole life. In 1645 
he commanded the Plymouth troops 
which marched against the Narragan- 
setts, and when hostilities with the Dutch 
were apprehended in 1653, he was one of 
the council of war of Plymouth, and was 
appointed to command troops which the 
council determined to raise. He was also 
prominent in the civil afifairs of the 
colony ; was for many years assistant, or 
one of the Governor's council, and when 
in 1626 it became necessary to send a rep- 
resentative to England to represent the 
colonists in the business arrangements 
with the merchant adventurers he was 
selected. He was a commissioner of the 
United colonies, and a partner in the trad- 
ing company. His will, dated March 7, 
1655, was proved May, 1657. He desired 
to be buried near his deceased daughter 
Lora and daughter-in-law Mary. He died 
October 3, 1656. An imposing monument 
has been erected on Captain's Hill, Dux- 
bury. Captain Standish is one of the Pil- 
grims known to every generation since 
and to the whole world, partly because 
of his military prominence, the first in 
New England, and partly, especially in 
the present generation, because of the 
poem written by Longfellow, "The Court- 
ship of Myles Standish." His first wife 
Rose, who came with him, died January 
29, 1621, and he married (second) Bar- 
bara, surname unknown. Alexander 
Standish, son of Captain Myles Standish, 
was admitted a freeman in 1648; was 
third town clerk of Duxbury from 1695 
to 1700, and died in Duxbury in 1702 ; his 
widow, Desire, in 1723. His will was 



dated July 5, 1702, and proved August 10, 
same year. He married (first) Sarah 
Alden, daughter of John and Priscilla 
(Mullins) Alden; (second) Desire (Doty) 
Sherman, daughter of Edward Doty and 
widow (first) of Israel Holmes and (sec- 
ond) of William Sherman. Sarah, daugh* 
ter of Alexander and Sarah (Alden) 
Standish, became the wife of Benjamin 
Soule, and the mother of Ebenezer Soule, 
who married Silence Hudson. Sarah, 
daughter of Ebenezer and Silence (Hud- 
son) Soule, became the wife of James 
Churchill, and the mother of Sarah Hud- 
son Churchill, wife of Jabez (2) Fuller, 
as above noted. Her children were: i. 
Fanny Woodbury, born February 15, 
1818, married, in 1840, Isaac D. Ryder, 
who died in 1845, leaving one daughter, 
Emily F., born in 1841, who married Rich- 
ard French ; she died in 1866, leaving one 
son, Isaac Ryder French, born in 1863, 
living in the West. 2. Harriet Newell, 
born May 31, 1820, married Orren Taylor, 
in 1844; she died June 27, 1862, having 
had children, Mylon O., Ella J., Rosanna 
and Edward, who died young. 3. Flavius 
Josephus, born July 10, 1822, married, in 
1859, Josephine Wilson ; he died Febru- 
ary 14, 1864, leaving two sons, Frank F. 
and Frederick. 4. Sarah Delano, born 
March 12, 1829, married, in 1853, Simon 
Buck, and they had children, Warren M., 
George H., Lynn W., Wallace W. and 
Moses P. 5. William Eddy, mentioned 
below. 6. Anna Maria, born November 
25, 1835, married, in 1858, J. Martin Bill- 
ings, and their children were: Albert 
Thomas, William Jabez and Helen S. 7. 
Helen Emery, born February 18, 1S40, 
married A. C. Sherwin ; she died in 1891, 
the mother of one daughter, Jennie. 

(IX) Hon. W^illiam Eddy Fuller, sec- 
ond son of Jabez (2) and Sarah Hudson 
(Churchill) Fuller, was born June 30, 
1832, in Reading, Vermont, and died at 



85 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



his home in Taunton, Massachusetts, No- 
vember 9, 191 1. For a quarter of a cen- 
tury Mr. Fuller administered the office of 
judge of probate and insolvency at Taun- 
ton, to the high satisfaction of the bar 
and of his constituency. His early edu- 
cation was supplied by the academies of 
South Woodstock and West Randolph, 
Vermont, receiving instruction at the lat- 
ter institution from Austin Adams, after- 
ward Chief Justice of the State of Iowa. 
In 1852, at the age of twenty years, young 
Fuller entered Dartmouth College, there 
completing his freshman and sophomore 
years. In 1854 he entered the junior class 
at Harvard University, and was gradu- 
ated in 1856, taking high rank among 
such contemporaries as the late Governor 
George D. Robinson, the late Judge Jere- 
miah Smith, of the Supreme Court of New 
Hampshire ; Judge Thomas J. Mason, of 
the United States Circuit Court of Mary- 
land, and Charles Francis Adams. For 
three months after leaving college Mr. 
Fuller was submaster at the New Bed- 
ford High School, and during the five suc- 
ceeding years was principal of the Taun- 
ton High School. At the suggestion of 
his uncle, Hon. Zachariah Eddy, of Mid- 
dleboro. one of the distinguished lawyers 
of his day, Mr. Fuller decided to pursue 
the study of law. This he began in the 
office of Chester I. Reed, attorney-general 
of Massachusetts, and subsequently one 
of the justices of the Superior Court. In 
April, 1863, Mr. Fuller was admitted to 
the Bristol county bar, and at once en- 
gaged in practice at Taunton, where he 
continued to reside until his death, in his 
eightieth year. While in practice he was 
counsel and an officer of many important 
corporations, and established an excellent 
record as such. In 1868 he was chosen 
register of the Court of Probate and In- 
solvency for Bristol county, which office 
he continued to hold by successive reelec- 



tions until 1883, when he was appointed 
judge of the same court by Governor Ben- 
jamin F. Butler. This appointment by a 
Democratic governor came as a matter 
of compromise between the governor and 
his council, which was composed of Re- 
publicans. The completion of Judge Ful- 
ler's quarter of a century of service on the 
bench was made the occasion of a notable 
gathering of the members of the bar from 
New Bedford, Fall River, Taunton and 
Attleboro. in observance of the occasion. 
This meeting was held in the Taunton 
Probate Court room, presided over by 
Judge W^illiam S. Woods, of Taunton, 
and attended by many leading attorneys 
of the section. At the request of this 
meeting Judge Fuller sat for an oil paint- 
ing, which has been placed in the court 
room by the side of his predecessor, Judge 
Oliver Prescott. Judge Fuller possessed 
in a remarkable degree those qualities of 
old-fashioned courtesy and forbearance 
which secured for him the lasting regard 
and esteem of all whose business brought 
them before his court. While kind and 
considerate, he was ever firm in enforcing 
the mandates of the law. W'hen ofif the 
bench his companionship was exceed- 
ingly interesting because of his fund of 
valuable knowledge and his readiness as 
a conversationalist. He was regarded by 
other probate judges of the State as their 
chief justice, and his name will be pre- 
served in history as an intelligent and 
efficient student of probate law. In 1891 
he published a work on the Massachu- 
setts probate laws, which became a hand- 
book ever since in use by the legal pro- 
fession throughout the State and regarded 
as one of the most valuable on the sub- 
ject. A few years since a second edition 
was issued. In 1893 he was chairman of 
a committee of probate judges appointed 
to revise the rules and forms of procedure 
in the courts of probate and insolvency, 



86 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and the work of this committee was ap- 
proved by the Supreme Judicial Court. 
The result of the labors of this committee 
is now in use providing the forms and 
rules of procedure in force throughout 
the Commonwealth. Judge Fuller was 
known as a model judge and a model citi- 
zen, and in both capacities enjoyed the 
highest respect of all who were privileged 
to know him. Aside from his interest in 
the legal work of the times, Judge Fuller 
was the friend of education, and rejoiced 
in literary and historical pursuits. For 
many years he was a member of the 
Taunton School Board ; he served as trus- 
tee and president of Bristol Academy, 
and was for several years the histori- 
ographer of the Old Colony Historical 
Society. He was long a director of the 
Taunton National Bank, and was vice- 
president of the Taunton Savings Bank. 
His home was on School street, Taunton, 
and his body rests in Mount Pleasant 
Cemetery of that city. He married, No- 
vember 21, 1859, •''' Taunton, Anna Miles 
Corey, born April 30, 1838, in Foxboro, 
Massachusetts, a daughter of John and 
Anna (Rhodes) Corey (see Corey VI). 
They were the parents of two children, 
William Eddy, mentioned below, and 
Mary Corey, born August 14, 1873. Mrs. 
Fuller and her daughter occupy the home- 
stead on School street, in Taunton, and 
are among the esteemed members of the 
society of that city. 

(X) William Eddy (2) Fuller, only son 
of William Eddy (i) and Anna Miles 
(Corey) Fuller, was born August 14, 1870, 
in Taunton, and is now engaged in the 
practice of law in Fall River, Massachu- 
setts. He married, September 22, 1897, 
Mary Newcomb, of Detroit. Michigan". 
Children : William Eddy, 3d., born June 
29, 1898; Newcomb, September 22, 19001 
Anna Corey, April 27, 1907. 



(The Corey Line). 

This was an early name in Massachu- 
setts and it has been identified with the 
development of that State and of New 
England. Its bearers have been people 
of high character and great moral worth, 
and may be fitly spoken of with commen- 
dation in the annals of America. Many 
of the family were men of prominence 
about Boston during the eighteenth cen- 
tury. In the early records the name is vari- 
ously spelled Cory, Corec, Cori, Couree 
and Corey. Several bearing the name 
were soldiers of the Revolution. James 
Corey, of Groton, Massachusetts, was 
killed in the battle of Bunker Hill. Eph- 
raim Corey, of Groton, was a captain in 
the Revolutionary army, as was also Tim- 
othy Corey, son of Isaac Corey, of Wes- 
ton. The first on record in this country 
was Giles Corey, who was residing in 
Salem, Massachusetts, in 1649, with his 
wife Margaret. Their daughter Deliver- 
ance was born there August 5, 1658. The 
mother died previous to 1664, and on 
April II of that year Giles Corey married 
(second) Mary Britz. She died August 
28, 1684, at the age of sixty-three years, 
and he had a third wife, Martha, who was 
admitted to the church in Salem Village 
(now Danvers), April 27, 1690. She was 
the victim of the terrible witchcraft de- 
lusion in Salem, and was apprehended in 
March, 1692, and hung on the following 
Thursday. In a very short time her hus- 
band was also arrested and was impris- 
oned in April. He was kept in confine- 
ment and moved about from one jail to 
another, going to Boston and back again 
to Salem, and was finally executed on 
September 19, 1692, in the most horrible 
manner ever used on the Continent. He 
was pressed to death, being the only one 
who ever suffered that form of execution 
in Massachusetts. He was a member of 
the first church of Salem, from which he 



87 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



was excommunicated the day preceding 
his death. Such was the tenacity of the 
execrable witchcraft delusion in Salem 
that this sentence was not expunged from 
the church record until twenty years 
after, and a period of eleven years elapsed 
before justice was done to the memory 
of his wife in the Danvers church. 
Though a petition for relief appears in 
the Essex records on behalf of the chil- 
dren, no mention of their names is found 
except of Alartha, who made the peti- 
tion in behalf of the family, and Deliver- 
ance before mentioned. It is probable 
that there were several sons. Jonathan 
and Thomas Corey are mentioned as hav- 
ing been at Chelmsford at an early period. 

(I) Thomas Corey, who may have been 
a son of Giles Corey, of Salem, is said to 
have come from Devonshire, England. 
He was an inhabitant of Charlestown, 
Massachusetts, in 1658, and very soon 
thereafter settled in Chelmsford. Dur- 
ing King Philip's war he served as a sol- 
dier. He married, September 19, 1665, in 
Chelmsford, Abigail Goole, or Gould, born 
i8th of I2th month, 1649, in Braintree. 
Massachusetts, daughter of Francis and 
Rose Goole. Francis Goole lived first in 
Braintree and Duxbury, but was an 
early settler of Chelmsford. Children of 
Thomas Corey : John, born January 26, 

1667, in Chelmsford; Thomas, mentioned 
below ; Samuel, February 6, 1670 ; Abi- 
gail, 1672; Nathaniel, December i, died 
December 22, 1674; Elizabeth, December 
21, 1683 ; Anne, March 7, 1686, died April 
29, 1686. 

(II) Thomas (2) Corey, second son of 
Thomas (i) and Abigail (Goole or Gould) 
Corey, was born 28th of 4th month, 1669, 
in Chelmsford, and died in Weston, 
Massachusetts, March 22, 1739. He mar- 
ried Hannah Page, born February 10, 

1668, in Watertown, daughter of Samuel 
and Hannah Page, of Watertown, and 



Concord, ^Massachusetts, and granddaugh- 
ter of John and Phebe Page, who came 
from Dedham, England, in 1630. and set- 
tled at W^atertown. Of their children, all 
except the eldest were baptized December 
29, 1723, in Weston, the youngest being 
then several months old : Joseph ; Han- 
nah, married, June 27, 1734, Joshua John- 
son ; Thomas ; Samuel ; Ebenezer ; Jona- 
than ; Abigail; Isaac, mentioned below; 
William. 

(III) Isaac Corey, son of Thomas (2) 
and Hannah (Page) Corey, was baptized 
in Weston, December 29, 1723, and lived 
in that town. He married there, April 12, 
1739, recorded in Waltham, Abigail 
Priest, born July 3, 1719, in the West Pre- 
cinct, now Waltham, daughter of James 
and Sarah Priest. Children : Isaac, men- 
tioned below ; Timothy, born October 27, 
1741, married, 1766, Elizabeth Griggs, of 
Brookline ; Eunice, June 27, 1744; Na- 
than, ]\Iay 18, 1747; Elisha, May 21, 1751. 

(IV) Isaac (2) Corey, eldest child of 
Isaac (i) and Abigail (Priest) Corey, 
was born January 9. 1740. in Weston, and 
died in Wayland, or East Sudbury, March 
8, 1817. He was a soldier at Lake George 
in 1758, in Captain Jonathan Brown's 
company, and also served in the Revolu- 
tion. He was a member of Captain Sam- 
uel Lamson's company of minute-men. 
and served three days on the occasion of 
the Lexington alarm,. He was subse- 
quently in Captain Jonathan Fisk's (Wes- 
ton) company, Colonel Eleazer Brooks' 
regiment, called March 4, 1776, and served 
five days at Dorchester Heights. He was 
also a private in Captain Abraham 
Pierce's company, of Colonel Brooks' 
regiment of guards, from February 3 to 
April 3, 1778, at Cambridge. There are 
several other items of Revolutionary serv- 
ice accredited to Isaac Corey, but it was 
probably not this individual. He mar- 
ried. December 9, 1762, Ruhamah Comey, 



88 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



born April 15, 1742, in Lexington, Massa- 
chusetts, daughter of Jabez and Sarah 
(Johnson) Comey. She died at East Sud- 
bury, March 2, 1819. Children: Abigail, 
baptized in Waltham, May 20, 1764; 
Leonard, mentioned below. 

(V) Leonard Corey, only recorded son 
of Isaac (2) and Ruhamah (Comey) 
Corey, was baptized April 30, 1769, in 
Waltham and was lost at sea. He mar- 
ried, November 3, 1791, Mehitable Daven- 
port, born April 22, 1771, in Milton, Mas- 
sachusetts, not recorded there. She mar- 
ried (second) May 9, 1800, in Foxboro, 
Massachusetts, Roger Sumner, and died 
1853, in that town. Leonard Corey had 
two children: Leonard, baptized 1792, 
married Ada Skinner, of Mansfield, and 
John, mentioned below. 

(VI) John Corey, son of Leonard and 
Mehitable (Davenport) Corey, was born 
September 4, 1798, and made his home in 
Foxboro, Massachusetts, where he was 
engaged in the straw bleaching and hat 
manufacturing business. While on his 
way to New York he was lost with the 
ill-fated steamer "Lexington," which was 
burned in Long Island Sound, January 
13, 1840. He married, in Foxboro, in Au- 
gust, 1820, Anna, or Nancy, Rhodes, born 
in that town, July 6, 1799, daughter of 
Stephen (3) and Anna (Daniels) Rhodes, 
the last named the widow of Nehemiah 
Carpenter, and daughter of Francis and 
Keziah (Rockwood) Daniels. She died 
in Taunton, Massachusetts, at the home 
of her daughter, Mrs. Fuller, December 5, 
1885 (see Rhodes VI). Children: Mary 
Malvina, born December 20, 1821, died in 
Taunton, May 2, 1862; Amanda Fitzallen, 
November 2, 1826, married, December 3, 
1844, Ira Hersey, son of Jacob and Polly 
Hersey, and died in Bridgeport, Connec- 
ticut, December 27, 1897; Anna Miles, 
mentioned below. 

(VII) Anna Miles Corey, third daugh- 



ter of John and Anna (Rhodes) Corey, 
was born April 30, 1838, in Foxboro, and 
was married, November 21, 1859, in Taun- 
ton, to William Eddy Fuller, of that town 
(see Fuller IX). 

(The Rhodes Line). 

(I) Henry Rhodes, born 1608, in Eng- 
land, was an ironmonger at Lynn, Mas- 
sachusetts, in 1640, residing on the east 
side of the Saugus river, and his descend- 
ants still remain in that region. He mar- 
ried Elizabeth Paul. He died in 1703. 
He had children : Eleazer, born February, 
1641 ; Samuel, February, 1643; Joseph, 
January, 1645; Joshua, April, 1648; Jo- 
siah, mentioned below ; Jonathan, May, 
1654; Elizabeth, 1657. 

(II) Josiah Rhodes, fifth son of Henry 
Rhodes, was born April, 1651, at Lynn, 
and married, July 23, 1673, Elizabeth 
Coates. He died December 19, 1694. 
Children: Henry, born 1674; Elizabeth, 
1676 ; Mary, 1677 ; John, 1679, died young ; 
Josiah, 1681 ; Eleazer, mentioned below; 
John, March 22, 1685; Mary, March 26, 
1687; Jonathan, September 18, 1692. 

(III) Eleazer Rhodes, fourth son of 
Josiah and Elizabeth (Coates) Rhodes, 
born July 8, 1683, died 1742. He removed 
to Stoughton, Massachusetts, about 1720, 
and was constable in that town in 1725- 
26. His wife Jemima was administratrix 
of his estate. He married, November 21, 
1710, Jemima Preble, born in York, 
Maine, March 6, 1691. Children: John, 
born September 9, 171 1 ; Jemima, Decem- 
ber 19, 1712; Eleazer, January 16, 1715 ; 
Stephen, mentioned below; Josiah, 1718; 
Mary (Lynn vital records say Sarah), 
August 24, 1719; Joseph, September 8, 
1721 ; Benjamin, 1723; Elizabeth, May 26, 
1726; Samuel, April 24, 1728; Joshua, Au- 
gust 19, 1730; Mary, April 14, 1733. 

(IV) Stephen Rhodes, third son of 
Eleazer and Jemima (Preble) Rhodes, 



89 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



was born February i, 1717, and died Janu- 
^^y 5' 1792- He married (intentions pub- 
lished October 25, 1740) Deliverance 
W'alcot, born November 15, 1724, daugh- 
ter of William Walcot, of Salem, Massa- 
chusetts, died September 4, 1804. Chil- 
dren: Stephen, Daniel, Simeon and De- 
liverance. 

(V) Stephen (2) Rhodes, eldest child 
of Stephen (i) and Deliverance (Walcot) 
Rhodes, born in 1741, died February i, 
1770, and the inventory of the estate was 
taken by John Boyden. There is a rec- 
ord of his having enlisted in February, 
1760, for the French and Indian War. He 
married. January 18, 1764 (intentions pub- 
lished December 29, 1763) Mary Boyden, 
born May 11, 1744, in Walpole, Massa- 
chusetts. She married (second) Novem- 
ber 24, 1775, Asa ]\Iorse. She died Octo- 
ber 3, 1843. Children of Stephen (2) 
Rhodes: Millie, married a Mr. Plimpton; 
Mary, born August 24, 1767, married 
Jesse Pratt ; Aaron, married Mary \\'il- 
kinson ; Stephen, mentioned below. 

(VI) Stephen (3) Rhodes, youngest 
child of Stephen (2) and Mary (Boyden) 
Rhodes, was born October 17, 1769, and 
married (first) April 5, 1792, Anna (Dan- 
iels) Carpenter, born March 27, 1763, 
daughter of Francis Daniels, and widow 
of Nehemiah Carpenter, of Foxboro, Mas- 
sachusetts. She died January 25, 1814. 
He married (second) March 20, 1815, 
Polly Carpenter, who died April 9, 1839. 
He died July 20, 1852. Children of first 
marriage : Achsah, born April 14. 1793, 
died October 30, 1795 ; Stephen, March 
15. 1795. died October 24, 1874; Susan, 
May 10, 1797, married Ira Fairbanks, died 
1864; Anna, mentioned below; Mary, 
March 20, 1804, married Ira French. Chil- 
dren of second marriage : Catherine, born 
March 12, 1816. married W^illiam Payson ; 
Maria. November i. 1817. married Ste- 
phen Coleman ; Martha, December 4, 1819, 



married William Hitchcock ; Elizabeth C, 
May 20, 1824, married a Mr. Greene ; 
Sarah, January 9, 1828, died January 3, 

1839- 

(VII) Anna Rhodes, third daughter of 
Stephen (3) and Anna (Daniels-Carpen- 
ter) Rhodes, was born July 6, 1799, and 
became the wife of John Corey, of Fox- 
boro (see Corey VI). 

(The Churchill Line). 

(I) John Churchill, born in England 
about 1620. died at Plymouth, Massachu- 
setts, in 1662, appears first in American 
records on the list of men able to bear 
arms at Plymouth in 1643. He bought a 
farm of Richard Higgins in Plymouth, 
August 18. 1645, was admitted a freeman, 
June 5, 1651, and became owner of much 
land. He made a nuncupative will. May 
3. 1662. proved October 20. 1662. He 
married, December 18, 1644, Hannah Pon- 
tus. daughter of William Pontus, and she 
married (second) June 25, 1669, Giles 
Rickard, as his third wife : she died at 
Hobb's Hole, December 22, 1690, in her 
sixty-seventh year. Children : Joseph, 
born 1647; Hannah, November 12, 1649; 
Eliezer, April 20, 1652; Mary, August i, 
1654 ; William, mentioned below ; John, 

1657- 

(II) William Churchill, third son of 
John and Hannah (Pontus) Churchill, 
was born 1656, in Plymouth, and died in 
Plympton, October 5, 1722. He inherited 
lands in Plympton. then Punkatussett, a 
part of old Plymouth, and was among the 
first settlers there. He and his wife were 
members of the Plymouth Church. He 
married, in Plymouth. January 17, 1683, 
Lydia Bryant, daughter of Stephen and 
Abigail (Shaw) Bryant, died February 6, 
1736, in her seventy-fourth year. Chil- 
dren, born in Plympton : William, men- 
tioned below; Samuel, April 15, 1688; 
James, September 21, 1690; Isaac, Sep- 



90 




^w^ 






'^^. 




ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tember i6, 1693; Benjamin, 1695; Lydia, 
April 16, 1699; Josiah, August 21, 1702; 
Mehitable. 

(III) William (2) Churchill, eldest 
child of William (i) and Lydia (Bryant) 
Churchill, was born August 2, 1685, in 
Plympton, and resided in that town at a 
place called Rocky Gutter. With his wife 
he was a member in good standing of the 
church, and was three times representa- 
tive of the town in the General Court. He 
died February 3, 1760. He married, No- 
vember 4, 1704, Ruth, daughter of John 
Bryant, born 1684-85, died April 17, 1757 
Children : Ebenezer, born October 8 
1705; Hannah, October 23, 1707; David 
mentioned below ; Rebecca, January 8 
1712; William, December 15, 1714; Ruth 
September 14, 1716; Nathan, May 11 
1718; Abigail, July 11, 1720; Ichabod 
September 24, 1722; Sarah, February 7 
1725 ; Joanna, July 22, 1727. 

(IV) David Churchill, second son of 
William (2) and Ruth (Bryant) Churchill, 
w^as born November 4, 1709, in Plympton, 
in which town he lived, and there built a 
house, and died September 27, 1785. He 
married, in 1729, Alary Magoon, who died 
April 18, 1785. Children: David, born 
August 9, 1729; Hannah, June 17, 1733; 
William, November 28, 1739; Elias, Au- 
gust 7, 1742; James, mentioned below. 

(V) James Churchill, youngest child 
of David and Mary (Magoon) Churchill, 
was born May 29, 1746, in Plympton, 
where he made his home, and died March 
12, 1803. He was a Revolutionary soldier, 
serving as a sergeant in Captain Thomas 
Loring's company at the Lexington alarm, 
and was later ensign and first lieutenant 
in Captain Jesse Harlow's company, sta- 
tioned at Plymouth, commissioned Janu- 
ary 16, 1776. He was also a first lieu- 
tenant from February 29 to May 31, 1776, 
serving three months. He was a member 
of Captain Cole's company, of Colonel 



Robinson's regiment from July 26, 1777, 
to January i, 1778. He married, October 
31, 1765, Priscilla Soule, daughter of Ben- 
jamin (2) Soule, born April i, 1745, died 
October 9, 1837, granddaughter of Ben- 
jamin (i) and Sarah (Standish) Soule. 
Children: Oliver, born April 21, 1767; 
Priscilla, April 30, 1768; James, men- 
tioned below; Isaiah, October 5, 1773; 
Jane, March 21, 1776; Christiana, Sep- 
tember 19, 1778; Clara, June 15, 1782; 
Harriet, March 25, 1785, died young; 
Sophia, November 3, 1787; Harriet, June 
18, 1791. 

(VI) James (2) Churchill, second son 
of James (i) and Priscilla (Soule) 
Churchill, was born February 26, 1771, in 
Plympton, where he resided, and died in 
March, 1803. He married, February 16, 
1794, Sarah, daughter of Ebenezer and 
Silence (Hudson) Soule. She survived 
him and married (second) Jephtha De- 
lano, of Duxbury. Children: Olive Soule, 
born February 11, 1795, and Sarah Hud- 
son, mentioned below. 

(VII) Sarah Hudson Churchill, second 
daughter of James (2) and Sarah (Soule) 
Churchill, was born May 6, 1797, and be- 
came the wife of Jabez Fuller, of Ver- 
mont (see Fuller VIII). 



CHACE, George Albert, 

Enterprising Citizen. 

The surname Chase or Chace is derived 
from the French "chasser," to hunt, and 
the family has been prominent in England 
since the first use of surnames. The seat 
of the family in England was at Chesham, 
in Buckinghamshire, through which runs 
a rapidly flowing river called the Chess, 
whence the name of the town and per- 
haps also of the family. Thomas and 
Aquila Chase, brothers, whose English 
ancestry is traced to remote antiquity, are 
believed to have been cousins of William 



91 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Chase, the immigrant ancestor, mentioned 
below. Some branches of this family in 
America have used the spelling Chace, 
but the form in most general use is that 
of Chase. 

(I) William Chase, a native of Eng- 
land, born in 1595, came to America in 
Governor Winthrop's fleet in 1630, accom- 
panied by his wife Mary and son William. 
He settled first in Roxbury, Massachu- 
setts, where he became a member of the 
First Church, presided over by Rev. John 
Eliot, the Indian apostle. In the autumn 
following his arrival he was propounded 
for freeman, and was admitted May 14, 
1634. About 1637 he joined the company 
which established a new plantation at 
Yarmouth, in what is now Barnstable 
county, Massachusetts. There he served 
as constable in 1639, and continued to 
reside there until his death, in May, 1659. 
In October following his widow passed 
away. William Chase was a soldier 
against the Xarragansett Indians in 1645. 
He had two children born after his arrival 
in America, namely : Mary. May, 1637. in 
Roxbury, and Benjamin, 1639, in Yar- 
mouth. 

(II) William (2) Chase, eldest son of 
W^illiam (i) and Mary Chase, was born 
about 1622, in England, and accompanied 
his father to Yarmouth, where he lived, 
and died February 27, 1685. There is no 
record of his wife. His children were : 
William, Jacob, John, Elizabeth, Abra- 
ham, Joseph, Benjamin, and Samuel. 

(III) Joseph Chase, fifth son of Wil- 
liam (2) Chase, resided in Swansea, Mas- 
sachusetts, where his will was proved 
January 19, 1725. He married, February 
28, 1694, Sarah, daughter of Sampson and 
Isabel (Tripp) Sherman, of Swansea, 
born September 24, 1677. Children: Abi- 
gail, born July 6, 1695 ; Lydia, October 
18, 1696; Job, January 21, 1698; Alice, 
November 16, 1700; Ruth, April 15, 1702; 



Sampson, April i, 1704; Isabel, October 6, 
1705 ; Joseph, July 11, 1707 ; Stephen, May 
2, 1709; Sarah, Silas, George, Ebenezer, 
and Moses. 

(IV) George Chase, son of Joseph and 
Sarah (Sherman) Chase, was born in 
Swansea, and lived in that town. He 
married (first) April 2, 1737, Lydia Shove, 
and (second) Sarah Cornell. Children: 
George, married, September 2, 1759, Eliz- 
abeth Gibbs W^eaver; Edward, married, 
17th of 4th month, 1766, Mrs. Joanna 
Maxwell, a widow ; Benjamin, mentioned 
below ; Micajah, married, September 9, 
1779, Hannah Shove ; Paul, married Mary 
Kelly ; Sarah, married George Bowen ; 
Huldah, married, 26th of 3d month, 1779, 
Nathaniel Shove. 

(V) Benjamin Chase, third son of 
George and Lydia (Shove) Chase, lived 
in Swansea, and married (first) Decem- 
ber 12, 1770, Rhoda Upton, and (second) 
August II. 1776, Sarah Cornell. Children 
of first marriage : Enos, born August 14, 
1771, married Catherine Palmer; Edward, 
married Patty Chase ; Benjamin, born 
1773, married Betsey Strange. Of second 
marriage: Theophilus, born 1777, mar- 
ried Ruth Shove; Elkanah, 1778, died un- 
married; Richard, 1781, married Sarah 
Brown ; Palmer, September 20, 1783, mar- 
ried (first) Mehetabel Briggs, (second) 
Sarah Chase, (third) Lydia Skinner (Lin- 
coln) ; Miller, February 2, 1786, married 
Mary Chase ; Rhoda, married John Earle ; 
Robert, mentioned below; Sarah, 1792, 
married Sanford Chafifee. 

(VI) Robert Chase, tenth son of Ben- 
jamin Chase, and child of his second wife, 
Sarah (Cornell) Chase, was born April 
27, 1790, in Swansea, and married (first) 
December 3, 1812, Deborah, daughter of 
Antipas Chace, and (second) Ann Gard- 
ner. Children, all born of the first mar- 
riage: Isaac, November 22, 1813, married 
Betheny C. Brown; Albert Gordon, men- 



92 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tioned below; Baylies, October lo, 1823, 
died 1845 ; Robert \V., October 15, 1828, 
died 1857; Richard, September 7, 1831, 
died 1858; Daniel, May 31, 1835. 

(VII) Albert Gordon Chace, second 
son of Robert and Deborah (Chace) 
Chase, was born September 3, 1815, and 
w'as a ship carpenter, residing in Somer- 
set, Massachusetts, where he died Decem- 
ber 21, 1883. He married, February 9, 
1842, Sarah Sherman Purinton, who sur- 
vived him more than seven years, dying 
April 23, 1891. They had but one child. 

(VIII) George Albert Chace, son of 
Albert Gordon and Sarah Sherman (Pur- 
inton) Chace, was born September 16, 
1844, 'II Somerset, Massachusetts, where 
his boyhood days were passed, and re- 
ceived his education in the public schools 
of that town. At the age of seventeen he 
enlisted as a soldier of the Union army, 
became a member of the Second Regi- 
ment Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, 
commanded by Colonel Silas P. Rich- 
mond, of Freetown. He served through 
the campaign in Northern Carolina, under 
General Foster, and was discharged in 
July, 1863. Returning to Massachusetts 
in May, 1864, he began his business career 
in the office of Charles O. Shove, first 
treasurer of the Granite Mills at Fall 
River. Here, by diligent application and 
best use of his time, he gained thorough 
familiarity with the cotton manufactur- 
ing business as then conducted. After 
ten years of service in a subordinate 
capacity he was elected treasurer and 
manager of the Shove Mills, in 1874. 
Under his direction was built and 
equipped Shove Mill No. i, from plans 
prepared by Mr. Shove, and in 1880 Mr. 
Chace built and equipped Shove Mill No. 
2. These mills operated some sixty thou- 
sand spindles and about fifteen hundred 
looms. In 1881 Mr. Chace was elected 
treasurer and manager of the Bourne 



Mills, in North Tiverton, Rhode Island, 
which position he occupied until his death, 
October 23, 1907. These mills were 
planned, constructed and equipped by Mr. 
Chace, with about forty-three thousand 
spindles and some twelve hundred and 
sixty looms. In 1889 he established a 
system of profit sharing, by which the 
operatives participated in the prosperity 
of the mills in proportion to their contri- 
bution toward their success. Not long 
after his election as manager of the 
Bourne Mills, Mr. Chace resigned the 
management of the Shove Mills, but con- 
tinued to be a large shareholder and 
director of the corporation. For ten years 
he was a director of the Massasoit Na- 
tional Bank, from which position he re- 
signed in 1892. Mr. Chace was a pioneer 
in the system of profit sharing now in 
vogue with many corporations of the 
country, and his experiment attracted 
much attention from capitalists and labor- 
ing men. He was a member of the Asso- 
ciation for Promoting Profit Sharing, and 
made an address before the Economic 
Club of Boston, February 10, 1903, which 
was received with special favor and atten- 
tion. His plans were already in opera- 
tion at the Bourne Mills, and their suc- 
cess entitled him to this attention. It 
was apparent that this subject had re- 
ceived much study at his hands, and his 
treatment of it was divided under many 
headings, such as: "Problems and Prog- 
ress," "Legislation and Invention," "In- 
crease of Energy,'' "Standard of Living,"' 
"Industrial Remuneration," "Profit Shar- 
ing," "Fourteen Years of Profit Sharing," 
"The Plan Explained," "Dividends," 
"Employers' Standpoint," "Profit Shar- 
ing Profitable," and "Motive." This ad- 
dress was published in full in the "Lend 
a Hand Record," edited by Edward Ever- 
ett Hale and William, M. F. Round, and 
proved of much practical value in guiding 



93 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



others in the conduct of similar philan- 
thropic and sound business propositions. 
While active as a business man whose 
time was much occupied by modern prac- 
tical problems, Air. Chace was ever ready 
to give of his time, means and influence 
in promoting the welfare of those about 
him. He was one of the projectors of the 
Fall River Boys' Club, and its president 
as a corporation. He was at one time a 
vice-president of the Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association, and was one of the lead- 
ing members of the First Christian 
Church of Fall River, in which he was 
several years a deacon and during the last 
twelve years of his life superintendent of 
its Sunday school. He was among the 
most liberal financial supporters of the 
church, and much devoted to its every 
interest. His mind did not become nar- 
rowed by continued application to busi- 
ness, but was ever broadened by his read- 
ing and study. He gave considerable 
spare time to the study of languages, and 
acquired some knowledge of seven 
tongues, although he was not generally 
known as other than a business man. On 
the Monday succeeding his death, the 
Boston "Transcript" published the fol- 
lowing from the pen of Edward Everett 
Hale, a most worthy testimonial to the 
life services and value as a citizen of Mr. 
Chace : 

Mr. George A. Chace, who died suddenly last 
week, was one of the most valuable men in our 
community. I suppose his name is much less 
known than those of many noisy men. But he 
was an unselfish man, of wide and intelligent 
views, who had rendered, and would have ren- 
dered, very great service to the Commonwealth. 

Mr. Chace was the chief manager of the 
Bourne Mills in Fall River. I suppose he had a 
large pecuniary interest in them. From the time, 
many years ago, when his suggestions were recog- 
nized as valuable, he had urged the introduction 
of "profit sharing" in the management of those 
mills — and he had urged it so intelligently that it 
had been adopted there. 



This was the largest enterprise of that sort — 
with such foundational purposes — in New Eng- 
land, .^nd not only was it a large enterprise — it 
was a successful one. Whoever really cares for 
the great improvement in our social order which 
will come in with profit-sharing will have to 
study the methods of the Bourne Mills now and 
for many years past. And it is one thing to say 
glibly of profit-sharing, "Oh, of course you know 
that has been tried — and has failed," and quite 
another thing to know the details of success and 
to work out, in practice, the possibilities of the 
future. The death of a great leader in such an 
enterprise is a public calamity. 

Edward E. Hale. 

George A. Chace married. February 9, 
1870, Sarah A. Brownell, born June 22, 
1843, daughter of Fenner and Eleanor 
(Albro) Brownell, of Fall River (see 
Brownell VIII). She survives him and 
resides at the family homestead in Fall 
River. Mrs Chace was educated in the 
public schools of Fall River and Rhode 
Island Normal School at Bristol, Rhode 
Island. She taught in Tiverton, Rhode 
Island, and in Fall River, where she was 
principal of the third school for some 
time. Devoted to her home and family, 
she has always taken a deep interest in 
the progress and welfare of her native 
city and its institutions. She is the mother 
of two children: i. Eleanor Sarah, born 
March 31, 1872; graduated from Welles- 
ley College, 1894, and from Johns Hop- 
kins Medical School, 1901 ; on January 
23, 1907, she married Dr. Edward Her- 
bert, of Fall River, and they have one 
son, Edward, Jr., born September 19, 
1908, and a daughter, Eleanor Sarah, born 
February 15, 1912. 2. Fenner Albert, 
born January 9, 1875 • ^ graduate of Har- 
vard College, 1897, and Harvard Medical 
School, 1905 ; he married, February 19, 
1907, Mary Deane Buffington, daughter 
of Charles Darius and Sabrina M. Buffing- 
ton, of Fall River, and they have one son, 
Fenner A., Jr., born October 5, 1908; Dr. 
Fenner A. Chace is a director of the 



94 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Bourne Mills, director of the Boys' Club, 
member of the First Christian Church, 
and succeeded his father as superintend- 
ent of the Sunday school. 

(The BrowneH Line). 

This family is one of long and honor- 
able standing in New England, its coming 
to this section reaching back two hun- 
dred and fifty and more years, to the 
infancy of the Colonies. The Little 
Compton (Rhode Island)-Westport (Mas- 
sachusetts) branch of the family here con- 
sidered has allied itself by marriage to 
the first families of New England, and in 
several lines its posterity trace their an- 
cestry to the Pilgrims of the "Mayflower" 
and others who arrived soon after. 

(I) Thomas Brownell, born 1618-19. 
came from Derbyshire, England, to Amer- 
ica, and was residing in Portsmouth, 
Rhode Island, as early as 1639. He was a 
freeman there in 1655, in the same year 
was a commissioner, and again in 1661-62- 
63. In 1664 he was deputy, and died in 
1665. He married, in England, in 1638, 
and was survived by his wife Ann, who 
executed an exchange in real estate after 
his death, according to a contract made 
by him. She died, however, before the 
close of the year of his death. Children : 
Mary, born 1639; Sarah, died September 
6, 1676; Martha, born May, 1643; George, 
1646; William, 1648; Thomas, mentioned 
below; Robert, 1652; Ann, 1654. 

(II) Thomas (2) Brownell, son of 
Thomas (i) and Ann Brownell, was born 
in 1650, resided in Little Compton, and 
died May 18, 1732. The inventory of his 
estate amounted to 1807 pounds, I shilling 
and 6 pence, including Negro slaves, 
sword, loom, shoemaker's tools, fifteen 
kine of all ages, thirty-eight sheep, twen- 
ty-three geese, eleven swine, and hives of 
bees. He married, in 1678, Mary Pearce, 
born May 6, 1650, daughter of Richard 



and Susanna (Wright) Pearce, died May 
4, 1736. Children: Thomas, born Feb- 
ruary 16, 1679; John, February 21, 1682; 
George, mentioned below ; Jeremiah, Oc- 
tober 10, 1689 ; Mary, March 22, 1692 ; 
Charles, December 23, 1694. 

(III) Captain George Brownell, third 
son of Thomas (2) and Mary (Pearce) 
Brownell, was born January 19, 1685, in 
Little Compton, and resided in the adjoin- 
ing town of Westport, Massachusetts, 
where he died September 22, 1756. He 
was commissioned lieutenant and served 
in an expedition against Canada. He 
married (first) July 6, 1706, Mary Thurs- 
ton, born March 20, 1685, in Little Comp- 
ton, daughter of Jonathan and Sarah 
Thurston. She died February 23, 1740, 
and he married (second) April 18, 1745. 
Comfort, widow of Philip Taylor, and 
daughter of Robert and Susanna Dennis, 
born March 12, 1703, in Little Compton. 
There was one child of this marriage: 
Mary, born March 3, 1747. Those of the 
first marriage were : Giles, born March 

I, 1707; Phebe, June 19, 1708; Mary, No- 
vember 9, 1709, died October 6, 1791 ; 
George, June 27, 171 1 ; Thomas, February 

II, 1713; Elizabeth, September 13, 1717; 
Jonathan, March 19, 1719, died June 11, 
1776; Paul, June 12, 1721, died May 20, 
1760; Stephen, mentioned below. 

(IV) Stephen Brownell, youngest child 
of Captain George and Mary (Thurston) 
Brownell, was born November 29, 1726, 
recorded in Little Compton, and probably 
lived in Westport. He married, January 
5, 1747, Edith Wilbor, born April 22, 1727, 
in Little Compton, daughter of William 
and Jane (Crandall) Wilbor. Children: 
Phebe, born September 4, 1747; William, 
mentioned below; Abigail, March 15, 
1751 ; Edith, November 2, 1752; Mary, 
April or July, 1754; George, October 29, 
1756; Stephen, March 18, 1762. 

(V) William Brownell, eldest son of 



95 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Stephen and Edith (Wilbor) Brownell, 
was born July 17, 1749, rcorded in Little 
Compton, died in May, 1810. He mar- 
ried (first) February 14, 1771, Elizabeth 
Pearce, born October 19, 1751, in Little 
Compton, daughter of Giles and Mercy 
(Rouse) Pearce. He married (second) 
January 8, 1778, Eunice Palmer, born 
1756, in Little Compton, daughter of Syl- 
vester and Amey (Wait) Palmer. He 
married (third) November 19, 1786, Bet- 
sey Grinnell. Children of second mar- 
riage: Elizabeth, born February 13, 
1779 ; Sylvester, July 31, 1782 ; Humphrey, 
mentioned below ; of the third marriage : 
Eunice, September i, 1787; William, 
March 23, 17S9; Walter, September 3, 
1790; Clarke, October 16, 1793: Betsey, 
December 16, 1795; Stephen, January 2, 
1798. 

(VI) Humphrey Brownell, third son of 
William Brownell and youngest child of 
his second wife, Eunice (Palmer) Brow- 
nell, was born July 19, 1785, recorded in 
Little Compton, and died in 1824. He 
married Sarah Head, born November 30, 
1789, in Little Compton, daughter of 
Daniel and Hannah (Davenport) Head, 
of that town. (See Head and Davenport 
families). The children of Humphrey 
and Sarah (Head) Brownell were: Ma- 
ria, born March 9, 1812, married Charles 
Perry Dring; Julia Ann, married (first) 
Nathan H. Robinson, and (second) Philip 
S. Brown ; Fenner, mentioned below ; 
Hannah Elizabeth, married Moses Deane. 

(VH) Fenner Brownell, only son of 
Humphrey and Sarah (Head) Brownell, 
was born April 13, 1S16. in Little Comp- 
ton, and was but eight years of age when 
his father died. He was early compelled 
to contribute to his own support, and 
when ten years of age was employed as a 
farm laborer by the month. Practically 
all of his education was obtained after he 
had reached the age of sixteen years, 
about which time he went to Fall River, 



Massachusetts, and became an appren- 
tice to Thomas Pickering at the carpen- 
ter's trade. After five years he qualified 
as a journeyman, and not long after be- 
gan contracting for work on his own 
account. About this time the first Tecum- 
sah Mill was constructed at Fall River, 
and a considerable demand for dwelling 
houses sprung up. ]\Ir. Brownell was 
very active in filling this demand, and not 
only built many houses in Fall River, but 
did a great deal of mill repairing. About 
1875 he gave up his contract business, but 
still continued to perform the carpenter 
work at Shove Mill No. 2 and Bourne 
Mill. He also rebuilt the Wyoming 
Thread Mill. For many years he was a 
director of the Shove and Bourne mills. 
He was a liberal supporter of the First 
Christian Church, was a respected man, 
of quiet habits, who lived a long and use- 
ful life. He died at the home of his 
daughter, Mrs. George Albert Chace, in 
Fall River, August 23, 1905. in his nine- 
tieth year. When about twenty-five years 
old Mr. Brownell married (first) Eleanor 
Albro, who lived but a few years there- 
after, leaving one daughter (see Albro 
V). About 1848 he married (second) 
Lydia V. Millard, who died about 1890, 
leaving a son, Fenner Clifford, now con- 
nected with the Shove mills. 

(VIII) Sarah A. Brownell, only child 
of Fenner Brownell by his first marriage, 
became the wife of George Albert Chace, 
of Fall River (see Chase VIII). 

(The Albro Line). 

(I) The Albro family was founded in 
America by John Albro, born in 1617, and 
died November i, 1712, in Portsmouth, 
Rhode Island. He embarked at Ipswich, 
England, April 30, 1634, in the ship 
"Francis," under the care of William 
Freeborn, whom he accompanied to 
Rhode Island in 1638. He settled in 
Portsmouth, where he was a member of 



96 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the town council soon after 1649, and sub- 
sequently served frequently as moderator 
of town meetings until very old. In 1660 
and 1661 he was a commissioner, was 
assistant most of the time between 1671 
and 1686, and figured prominently in all 
important public affairs. In 1644 he was 
corporal of the local militia company, and 
rose successively to lieutenant, captain 
and major. He married Dorothy Potter, 
born 1617, died February 19, 1696. Chil- 
dren : Samuel, born 1644; Elizabeth, died 
November 15, 1670; ]\Iary, died 1710; 
John and Susanna. 

fll) John (2) Albro, junior son of John 
(i) and Dorothy (Potter) Albro, was 
born in Portsmouth, where he lived, and 
died December 4, 1724. He was one of a 
group to whom were granted five thou- 
sand acres of land, in 1677, to be called 
East Greenwich. The inventory of his 
estate amounted to two hundred and 
forty-six pounds eighteen shillings and 
seven pence, including much live stock. 
He married, April 2'j, 1693, Mary Stokes, 
and they had children : John, born Au- 
gust 23, 1694; Mary; Sarah and Samuel. 

(III) Samuel Albro, youngest child of 
John (2) and Mary (Stokes) Albro, was 
born June 16, 1701, in Portsmouth, where 
he was a freeman in 1722, and died Octo- 
ber 5, 1766. He left a large property, 
amounting to three thousand four hun- 
dred and fifty-five pounds nine shillings, 
including wearing apparel valued at two 
hundred and seventy pounds, money, im- 
plements and live stock. He married, No- 
vember 25, 1725, Ruth Lawton, who sur- 
vived him. Children : Samuel, born Feb- 
ruary ID, 1727; Mary, August 31, 1728; 
John, January 30, 1730; Daniel, January 
17, 1731 ; Jonathan, January 2, 1734; 
David, April i, 1736; James; Ruth; Eliz- 
abeth ; Josias and Sarah. 

(IV) James Albro, sixth son of Sam- 
uel and Ruth (Lawton) Albro, was born 
about 1738, in Portsmouth, and lived in 

MASS-Vol III— 7 



that town. He married, April 19, 1764, 
Elizabeth Durfee, born March 7, 1743, 
daughter of Gideon Durfee and his sec- 
ond wife, name not recorded. Children, 
recorded in Portsmouth : Ruth, born Feb- 
ruary 28, 1765; Samuel, January 4, 1767; 
Gideon, mentioned below; James, De- 
cember 30, 1771 ; Christopher Durfee, 
May 20, 1775: Elizabeth, July 17, 1780; 
and Eleanor Durfee, October 18, 1783. 

(V) Gideon Albro, second son of 
James and Elizabeth (Durfee) Albro, was 
born January 20, 1769, in Portsmouth, 
and died in October, 1849, aged eighty 
years. He married (first) in 1794, Lydia, 
daughter of Joshua and Mary (Cornell) 
Peckham, of Portsmouth, and they had 
one child, Lydia, born January 3, 1795, 
and not long after the mother died. He 
married (second) August 3, 1799, Sarah 
Dickson, of North Kingstown, Rhode 
Island, daughter of Robert and Alartha 
Dickson. Children : Rhoda, born Decem- 
ber 27, 1800; Hannah, May 6, 1802; 
Gideon, September 23, 1803, died Septem- 
ber 9, 1861 ; Elizabeth, September 11, 
1805 ; Edward, October 27, 1808 ; Gardi- 
ner, October 6, 1810; Charles, October 21, 
1812; Sarah, February 25, 1816; James 
Durfee, April 9, 1818; Eleanor, mentioned 
below ; Moses, July 10, 1825 ; Martha, 
July 15, 1826. 

(VI) Eleanor Albro, sixth daughter of 
Gideon Albro, and child of his second 
wife, Sarah (Dickson) Albro, was born 
December 15, 1820, in Portsmouth, and 
became the wife of Fenner Brownell, of 
Fall River, Massachusetts (see Brownell 
VII). 



JACOBS, Fernando Cortez, 

Business Man, Public 0£Bcial. 

The progenitor of the Jacobs family of 
Hingham, Massachusetts, was Nicholas 
Jacobs, who came from Hingham, Eng- 
land, and from the Jacobses of Hingham 



97 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



have descended a great number of the 
name who are now scattered to all parts 
of the United States. Descendants appear 
in various towns of Massachusetts, in- 
cluding Dartmouth, Somerset, Carlisle 
and Scituate, and in Bristol and other 
towns of Rhode Island. The records of 
Newport state that Joseph Jacobs, son of 
John Jacobs, of Cork, Ireland, married, 
in Newport, May 13, 1719, Sarah, daugh- 
ter of Benjamin and Leah Newberry. 
The defective records of Rhode Island 
fail to locate Justin Jacobs, mentioned be- 
low. Tradition says that he was born in 
Rhode Island. A thorough search of the 
vital records of the State fails to dis- 
cover any mention of him. 

Nicholas Jacobs was one of the very 
early planters who settled in "Bare 
Cove," Hingham, Massachusetts, prior to 
the arrival of Rev. Peter Hobart and his 
company in 1635. According to Cush- 
ing's manuscript, "Nicholas Jacobs with 
his wife and two children and their 'cosen' 
Thomas Lincoln, weaver, came from old 
Hingham and settled in this Hingham, 
1633." In September, 1635, he had a 
grant of a house lot containing three 
acres. Other lands were also granted to 
him at different dates for planting pur- 
poses. He was made freeman in 1636; 
was selectman in 1637 ; deputy to the 
General Court in 1648-49, and often en- 
gaged upon the business of the town. 
He died June 5, 1657. He made his will. 
May 18, 1657, which was proved July 25 
following. His estate was appraised at 
three hundred ninety-three pounds eight 
shillings six pence. The Christian name 
of his wife was Mary. She survived him 
and married (second) March 10, 1659, 
John Beal, widower. Children of Nichol- 
as and Mary Jacobs : John, Elizabeth, 
Mary, Sarah, Hannah, Josiah, Deborah 
and Joseph. 

Among the pioneer settlers of Warren, 
Washington county, Vermont (chartered 



1780), was Stephen Jacobs, who partici- 
pated in the division of lands there in 
1789, securing lot No. 18. Others of the 
name who drew lots at the same time 
were John and Parmela Jacobs. It is 
reasonably certain that Justin Jacobs was 
a son of either Stephen or John. 

Justin Jacobs, a descendant of Nicholas 
Jacobs, the immigrant, resided in Rhode 
Island, and died in Windsor, Vermont. 
He took part in the War of 1812, and 
assisted in the capture of a British vessel, 
and as his share of the prize money dis- 
tributed to the captors he received one 
hundred and twenty dollars. He married, 
October 11, 181 1, Polly Sargent, bom 
October 12, 1793, in Windsor, Vermont, 
died in May, 1880, daughter of Moses and 
Sarah (Crane) Sargent, of Weare (see 
Sargent VI). Children: Fernando Cor- 
tez, Justin, Emily, and Alary C. 

Fernando Cortez Jacobs, eldest son and 
child of Justin and Polly (Sargent) 
Jacobs, was born January 16, 1813, in 
Warren, Vermont, and died in Stewarts- 
town, New Hampshire, August 11, 1899, 
aged seventy-six. When a lad he went 
with his uncle, Moses Sargent, to Troy, 
New York, and lived with him for 
several years, and then returned to Ver- 
mont and learned the tanner's trade at 
New Haven. In 1835 he went to Albany, 
New York, and worked at his trade there 
and in Troy two years. He then resided 
and was employed three years in Cole- 
brook, New Hampshire, and two years in 
Stanstead, province of Quebec, Canada, 
and then removed to Canaan, Vermont, 
where he enlarged his business, erected 
a tannery, and carried on tanning and the 
manufacture of shoes and harness for 
sixteen years. He was successful in busi- 
ness and accumulated property, and with 
his savings he established a resort for 
tourists and hunters in the wild and de- 
lightful region of the Copper Connecticut, 
where sportsmen found rare game and 



yS 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



fish and the tourist pure air and lovely 
scenery. In i860 he built the Connecticut 
Lake House, on the shore of Connecti- 
cut Lake, in the town of Pittsburg, Coos 
county, which formed the terminus of a 
carriage drive of twenty-five miles from 
Colebrook, and became headquarters for 
sportsmen and lumbermen. There he re- 
mained eleven years and then removed to 
Lancaster, where he spent the two follow- 
ing years farming ; then three years as 
proprietor of the Brunswick Springs 
House ; and the next three years in the 
grocery trade in Colebrook. In 1880 he 
located at Stewartstown Hollow, where 
he formed a partnership with Lucius 
Parkhurst under the firm name of Park- 
hurst & Jacobs, and conducted a general 
merchandise store until he retired from 
active business. 

Mr. Jacobs was an intelligent and well- 
informed man, and as active in public 
affairs as he was in his private business. 
In politics he was first a Whig and then 
a Republican. From 1850 to i860 he was 
master in chancery in Essex county, Ver- 
mont, and from 1857 to i860 notary public 
in the same county. He was postmaster 
at Canaan, four years ; deputy sheriff, four 
years; lister, and holder of other offices. 
During the Civil War he was a deputy 
provost marshal ; he represented Pitts- 
burg in the Legislature in 1856-66; was 
collector and selectman some years ; was 
postmaster at Stewartstown, six years ; 
justice of the peace in Pittsburg from 
1861 to 1871, and of Stewartstown from 
the time of his becoming a citizen of that 
town until his death. In his later life he 
was as agile and vigorous as a younger 
man, and retained his activity and strength 
until a short time before his death. 

He married (first) September 7, 1845, 
Julia A. Cooper, born October 21, 1821, 
in Canaan, Vermont, died in Canaan, Sep- 
tember 20, 1867, daughter of Judge Jesse 
and Sarah (Putnam) Cooper, of Canaan. 



He married (second) in Danvers, Massa- 
chusetts, Caroline Putnam. Children of 
first marriage : Alma P., Sarah C, Henry 
F., Charles J., and Julia Anna. Alma P. 
married Captain H. S. Hilliard, of Lan- 
caster; Sarah C. married Dr. David O. 
Rowell, of Coos ; Henry F. married Flor- 
ence G. Carlton ; Charles J. married Lil- 
lian Smith, was superintendent of the 
Baldwin bobbin mill at West Manches- 
ter, and died in 1896; Julia Anna resides 
in Fall River, Massachusetts, unmarried. 

(The Sargent Line). 

(I) One historian of the Sargent family 
says: "At first I was not inclined to be- 
lieve this William was our ancestor, or 
from this part of England. But since 
learning that the father of William's first 
wife, 'Quarter Master John Perkins,' was 
at Agawam in August, 163 1, a short time 
after arriving in America, and that he 
came from near Bath, England, it seems 
quite probable that if William was from 
there and with Captain Smith in 1614, 
when the latter landed at Agawam and 
wrote up its beauties and advantages, 
William may have returned and induced 
John Perkins and others to emigrate." 
The first record found of William Sargent 
is in the General Court records of Massa- 
chusetts Colony in April, 1633, where a 
copy of an act appears to protect him and 
other grantees of land at Agawam, now 
Ipswich, Massachusetts, in their rights. 
The next record is that of his oath of 
allegiance and fidelity in 1639. It is 
shown by records and deeds that he was 
one of the first settlers at Wessacucoh, 
now Newbury, in 1635; at Winnacunnet, 
now Hampton, New Hampshire, in 1638; 
at South Alerrimac, now Salisbury. Mas- 
sachusetts, in 1639, and that "W^illiam 
Sargent, townsman and commissioner of 
Salisbury-," had a tax rate December 25, 
1650, of 7s. 4d. He was next located at 
Salisbury New Town, now Amesbury 



99 



364879A 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and Merrimack, in 1655, where lie resided 
until his death in 1675. He is believed to 
have married Elizabeth Perkins about 
1633, as she came with her parents to 
America in the ship "Lion" in the spring 
of 1631. She died before September 18, 
1670, for William Sargent married at that 
time Joanna Rowell, who survived him 
and married Richard Currier, of Ames- 
bury. The children of William Sargent 
seem to have been as follows, but owing 
to lack and contradiction of records there 
is uncertainty about them: Mary; Eliza- 
beth, died young; Thomas, mentioned be- 
low; William; Lydia ; Elizabeth, died 
young; Sarah, died young; Sarah and 
Elizabeth. 

(II) Thomas Sargent, eldest son of 
William and Elizabeth (Perkins) Sar- 
gent, born June 11, 1643, in Salisbury, 
Massachusetts, died February 27, 1706, 
was a farmer, and resided on "Bear Hill." 
He took the oath of allegiance and fidelity 
at Amesbury before Major Robert Pike. 
December 20, 1677 ; held public office, was 
quite a prominent man in civil affairs, and 
a lieutenant in the militia. His will was 
dated February 8, 1706, and probated at 
Salem, April 8, 1706. He married, Janu- 
ary 2, 1667, Rachel Barnes, born Febru- 
ary 3, 1648, daughter of William Barnes, 
of Amesbury and Salisbury, died 1719. 
Both were buried in the "Ferry Ceme- 
tery." They were the parents of twelve 
children, five of whom died young, those 
who lived to maturity being: Mary, born 
October 14, 1674, married a Sanders : 
Thomas, November 15, 1676. married 
Mary Stevens ; William, died 171 1 ; Jacob, 
mentioned below; Joseph, born January 
2, 1687, married Elizabeth Carr; Rachel, 
married a Currier; John, May 18, 1692, 
married Hannah Quimby. 

(Ill) Jacob Sargent, son of Thomas 
and Rachel (Barnes) Sargent, was born 
October i, 1678, in Amesbury, Massachu- 
setts, where he resided, was a farmer, and 



died May 7, 1754. His will was dated 
June 16, 1742, and probated at Salem in 
1754. He married (first) November 2, 
1700, Gastret Davis, of Amesbury, born 
1676, died June 27, 1745; (second) De- 
cember 22, 1746, Elizabeth Baxter, widow 
of Daniel Hoyt. Children, all by first 
marriage, born in Amesbury : Sarah, Ra- 
chel, Thomas, Annie, Alice, Hannah, Ben- 
jamin and Peter. 

(IV) Thomas Sargent, third child of 
Jacob and Gastret (Davis) Sargent, was 
born March 18, 1706, in Amesbury, and 
died there in 1778. He was a farmer and 
spent his life in Amesbury. He married 
(first) in Amesbury, March 26, 1728, 
Priscilla Weed, of that town, born 1707, 
died October 12, 1750; (second) April 15, 
1756, Widow Rebecca (Rogers) Blaisdell, 
of Amesbury. Children : Thomas, Jacob. 
Hannah, Judith, Ephraim, Isaac, Asa, 
Moses, Dorcas and Phineas. 

(V) Moses Sargent, son of Thomas 
Sargent, and child of his second wife, Re- 
becca (Rogers-Blaisdell) Sargent, was 
born January 12. 1757. in Amesbury, and 
died in Warren, Vermont, August 11, 1839, 
aged eighty-two. He was a farmer, moved 
to Hartland, Vermont, in the spring of 
1789, then to \\'indsor in 1793, and to War- 
ren in 1S04. He enlisted in the Revolution 
from Amesbury, May, 1775, for eight 
months in Captain Currier's company ; in 
July, 1776, six months in Captain Brown's 
company; in July, 1777. for two months, 
and in July, 1778, for three months in 
Captain Eaton's company. All these en- 
listments were in Amesbury. In July, 
1779, he enlisted from Weare for three 
months in Captain Dearlng's company; 
March, 1780, for nine months in Cap- 
tain Cheney's company ; July, for three 
months in Captain Kidder's company; 
and October, 1781, for two months in 
Captain Hall's company, making a total 
of three years. He was a pensioner, and 
the history of Weare states that he was a 



100 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



corporal and received a bounty. He was 
one of the first settlers of Warren, repre- 
sented the town and held office almost 
continuously for many years. He mar- 
ried (first) February 22, 1779, Sarah 
Crane, of Weare, New Hampshire, born 
February 6, 1761, died October 30, 1820, 
in Warren, Vermont. He married (sec- 
ond) about 1821, Widow Ruth Bur- 
roughs, of Roxbury. His children, all by 
his first wife, were born, three in Weare 
and the others in Windsor. Six children 
died in infancy, one not given, and the 
others were: Phineas, born May 30, 1780, 
in Weare, died March 26, 1802 ; Sarah, 
April 17, 1785, in Weare, married Samuel 
Spaulding; Stephen Lewis, January 19, 
1789, in Weare, married Bridget Shaw; 
Moses, March 20, 1791, in Windsor, Ver- 
mont, married Lydia Steele ; Polly, men- 
tioned below ; Thomas, May 18, 1797, in 
Windsor, married Laura Richardson. 

(VI) Polly Sargent, daughter of Moses 
and Sarah (Crane) Sargent, was born 
October 12, 1793, in Windsor, Vermont, 
and died in May, 1880, aged eighty-seven 
She married, October 11, 1811, Justin 
Jacobs (see Jacobs). 

(The Cooper Line). 

(I) John Cooper was born in England 
and died at New Haven, Connecticut, No- 
vember 23, 1689. As early as 1639 he 
came to New Haven, and became a useful 
and prominent citizen of the colony. He 
held various town offices and was on 
committees to settle disputes between 
towns and individuals. He was con- 
nected with the iron works at East 
Haven, and removed from New Haven to 
Stony River about the time the iron 
works were established there. Children : 
John, mentioned below ; Sarah, married 
Samuel Heminway ; Hannah, married 
John Potter. 

(II) John (2) Cooper, son of John (i) 
Cooper, was baptized May 28, 1642, at 



New Haven, and married, December 27, 
1666, Mary Thompson, born April 24, 
1652, daughter of John and Ellen (Harri- 
son) Thompson. Children, born at New 
Haven ; Daughter, November 19, 1668 ; 
Mary, November 15, 1669 ; John, men- 
tioned below ; Sarah, April 26, 1673 ; 
Samuel, June 20, 1675 ; Mary, September 
4, 1677; Abigail, October 3, 1679; Han- 
nah, August 10, 1681 ; Joseph, September 
II, 1683; Rebecca, 1689. 

(HI) John (3) Cooper, son of John (2) 
and Mary (Thompson) Cooper, was born 
February 23, 1671, at New Haven, and 
settled at Seymour, Connecticut. He mar- 
ried Ann, daughter of John and Lydia 
(Parker) Thomas. Children: EHzabeth, 
born February 18, 1694; John, July 10, 
1699; Mary, January 20, 1701 ; Thomas, 
February 18, 1703; Caleb, mentioned be- 
low; Jude, August 18, 1714. 

(IV) Caleb Cooper, third son of John 
(3) and Ann (Thomas) Cooper, born 
1708, at Seymour, died October 30, 1746. 
He married, March 13, 1735, Desire San- 
ford, daughter of John Sanford. She mar- 
ried (second) Lieutenant William Sco- 
ville, and (third) Deacon Jonathan Garn- 
sey. Children of Caleb Cooper: Caleb 
mentioned below ; Jason, born April 18, 
1739; Sarah, January 26, 1744; Olive; 
Desire, April 27, 1746. 

(V) Caleb (2) Cooper, eldest child of 
Caleb (i) and Desire (Sanford) Cooper, 
was born August 16, 1736, in Seymour, 
and resided in North Haven, Connecticut. 
He married, November 4, 1762, Eunice, 
daughter of Daniel and Abigail (Heaton) 
Barnes. 

(VI) Jesse Cooper, son of Caleb (2) 
and Eunice (Barnes) Cooper, was born 
about 1780, in North Haven, and resided 
in Waterbury, Connecticut ; Claremont, 
New Hampshire ; and Canaan, Vermont. 
He married (first) Sarah Beach, born 
June 4, 1783, in Waterbury, daughter of 
Joseph and Hannah (Miles) Beach. He 



lOI 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



married (second) Sarah, daughter of Solo- 
and Miriam (Elmer) Putnam, of Clare- 
mont, born February 3, 178G, probably in 
that town (see Putnam VI). Children: 
John Milton, died unmarried; Beede 
Mary, married John Haven Willard ; 
Saunders Welsh, married Mary Porter; 
Eliza, married Joseph Downer; Samuel 
Beach, married Amanda Bicknell ; Thom- 
as Beach, married Lois Dean ; Nathaniel 
Beach, died unmarried; Jesse, married 
Emily Chamberlain ; Sarah Amelia, mar- 
ried Elisha Francis Downer; Phebe Pot- 
ter, died unmarried ; Mary Shepard, mar- 
ried John P. Denison ; Susan Europa, 
died unmarried ; Joseph Willard, married 
Fidelia Perry ; Hiram Putnam, married 
Patience Morgan ; Julia Ann, mentioned 
below ; Emily, married Hiram Harvey. 

(VII) Julia Ann Cooper, seventh 
daughter of Jesse Cooper, and child of 
his second wife, Sarah (Putnam) Cooper, 
was born October 21, 1821, in Canaan, 
Vermont, and became the wife of Fer- 
nando Cortez Jacobs (see Jacobs). 

(The Denison Line). 

Among the first families that first trod 
the soil of New England and bore a con- 
spicuous part in subduing the savage and 
the establishment of the civilization of 
its time was that of Denison. Its repre- 
sentatives are now found in every part of 
the United States, and are noted for fine 
minds and fine character. The ancestor 
of most of these bearing the name had a 
most romantic career, and left an indeli- 
ble impress upon the formative history of 
New England. He was of vigorous phy- 
sical as well as mental make-up, and his 
posterity is numerous and of credit to its 
noble origin. 

(I) John Denyson was living in Stort- 
ford, in Hertfordshire, England, in 1567, 
and died there, of the plague, in 1582. 

(II) William Denison, son of John 
Denyson, was baptized February 3, 1571, 



at Stortford, and was married, Novem- 
ber 7, 1603, to Margaret (Chandler) 
Monck. He was well seated at Stortford, 
but hearing of the promise of the New 
England colonies decided to cast his lot 
with the Puritans there. His eldest son, 
James Denison, was a clergyman, and re- 
mained in England. The parents, with 
three sons, Daniel, Edward and George, 
crossed the ocean in 1631 and settled at 
Roxbury, Massachusetts, in 1634. They 
bore a prominent part in social and re- 
ligious life there. John Eliot, the apostle, 
was a tutor in their family. William 
Denison died in Roxbury, January 25, 
1653. and his wife February 23, 1645. 

(Ill) Captain George Denison, fourth 
son of William and Margaret (Chandler- 
Monck) Denison, was born 1618, in Stort- 
ford, and baptized there December 10, 
1620. He married, about 1640. Bridget 
Thompson, born September 11, 1622, 
daughter of John and Alice Thompson, 
of Preston, Northamptonshire, England. 
Mrs. Denison died in 1643, leaving daugh- 
ters, Sarah and Hannah, born 1641 and 
1643 respectively. After the death of his 
wife Captain Denison went to England 
and joined Cromwell's army. He was 
severely wounded in the battle of Naseby, 
and was nursed back to health by Lady 
Ann Borodel, at the home of her father, 
John Borodel. As soon as his strength 
was restored he married her, and in 1645 
they came to New England and lived in 
Roxbury, Massachusetts, continuing their 
residence there until 1651, when they 
located with their family in New London, 
Connecticut. Captain Denison distin- 
guished himself as a soldier in the Pequot 
war, and again rendered valuable service 
to the colony after his return from Eng- 
land, rising to the rank of colonel. His 
children, born of the second marriage 
were : John, Ann, Borodel, George, W' il- 
liam, Margaret and Mary. 
102 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(IV) John (2) Denison, eldest child of 
Captain George Denison and his second 
wife, Ann (Borodel) Denison, was born 
July 14. 1646, and died in 1698. He mar- 
ried, November 26, 1667, Phebe Lay, who 
died in 1699. 

(V) Robert Denison, son of John (2) 
and Phebe (Lay) Denison, was born Sep- 
tember 7, 1673, in Stonington, and died 
there in 1737. He married (first) in 1696, 
Joanna Stanton, who died in 1715, and he 
married (second) in 1717, Dorothy Stan- 
ton, a widow. 

(VI) Thomas Denison, son of Robert 
and Joanna (Stanton) Denison, was born 
October 20, 1709, in Stonington, and died 
in Pomfret, Connecticut, October 24, 1787. 
He was a clergyman. He affiliated first 
with the Congregational church, then be- 
came a Separatist, and subsequently a 
Baptist, and ended his life in the Congre- 
gational afifiliation. He preached in New 
London and Windham Center, Connecti- 
cut. He married Elizabeth Bailey. 

(VII) David Denison, son of Thomas 
and Elizabeth (Bailey) Denison, was 
born October 30, 1756, in Stonington, 
lived in Pomfret, Connecticut, and Guild- 
hall, Vermont, and died in the latter town, 
May 23, 1838. He married (first) De- 
cember 9, 1779, Sarah Spaulding; (sec- 
ond) Ann Paine. 

(VIII) John P. Denison, son of David 
and Ann (Paine) Denison, was born Sep- 
tember 8, 1808, in Guildhall. Vermont, 
and passed the latter part of his life in 
Kansas City, Kansas, where he died. In 
early life he was an associate judge in 
Vermont, and a successful farmer. He 
married. May 9, 1841, Mary S. Cooper, 
daughter of Jesse and Sarah (Putnam) 
Cooper, of Canaan, Vermont (see Cooper 
VI). Their children were: Charles S., 
who died in Kansas City, Kansas; Fran- 
ces, who died young; Henry Willard, 
mentioned below ; Nellie S., now Mrs. 



William S. Boylan, of Kansas City; and 
John C, now living in Kansas City. 

(IX) Henry Willard Denison, son of 
John P. and Mary S. (Cooper) Denison, 
was born May 11, 1846. in Guildhall, Ver- 
mont, and died July 3, 1914, at Tokio, 
Japan. He worked on the farm, attended 
the common schools, and also the acad- 
emy at Lancaster on the removal of the 
family to New Hampshire. As a school 
boy he gave no evidence of future great- 
ness, leading the life of the common boy 
in games, pastimes and frolics. When 
about fifteen years of age he entered the 
printing office of "The Coos Republican," 
served his apprenticeship at the case, and 
afterwards worked a brief time in Phila- 
delphia as a compositor. At this time 
Charles A. Dana was assistant secretary 
of war. Charles A. Dana and Henry W. 
Denison were cousins, and Dana had 
spent a season during his college days at 
the Denison homestead ; when young 
Denison became sick of his occupation he 
wrote Dana for a job in Washington and 
he received this reply : "Come on at once ; 
no son of John P. Denison shall want for 
a position here if I can secure one for 
him." On reaching Washington he en- 
tered the treasury department at once. 
While a government clerk he read law 
by night until he fitted for practice and 
was admitted to the bar. While attend- 
ing school in Lancaster he had formed an 
attachment for Nellie E. Cross, the young- 
est daughter of Colonel Ephraim and Abi- 
gail (Everett) Cross. Colonel Cross was 
a man of some military reputation, ac- 
quired in the days of Andrew Jackson, 
when the martial spirit of New England 
was more apparent than prior to our Civil 
War, and then it was the colonel com- 
manded the Forty-second Regiment of 
New Hampshire State militia. Mrs. Eph- 
raim Cross, the mother of Nellie E. Cross, 
was a daughter of Judge Richard Clair 



103 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Everett, of the New Hampshire bench, 
who as a boy of seventeen had served as 
one of Washington's body guard and was 
also one of the general's military family 
throughout the Revolutionary War. Her 
three sons were all in the Civil War. 
Colonel E. E. Cross was colonel of the 
Fifth New Hampshire Volunteer Infan- 
try, long acting as a brigadier and fell at 
Gettysburg, July 2, 1863, at the head of 
his command, First Brigade, First Divi- 
sion, Second Army Corps; Richard E. 
succeeded to the command of the regi- 
ment. Frank was a lieutenant in the 
same regiment. A son also of Colonel Eph- 
raim Cross by an earlier wife (Nelson 
Cross) rose to the rank of major-general 
by brevet. 

In the fall of 1868 young Denison re- 
ceived the appointment of marshal to the 
consular court at Yokohama, Japan, and 
in 1872 was made consul to that port, and 
at the expiration of his consulship about 
1876, upon recommendation of Hon. John 
A. Bingham, United States minister to 
Japan, was admitted to practice before 
the courts in that country. During the 
term of his practice he returned to this 
country, and in 1873 was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Cross, at the home of Gen- 
eral Nelson Cross, in Brooklyn, New 
York. Soon after their marriage they re- 
turned to Yokohama, Japan, where after 
a lucrative practice at the bar of four 
years he was called by his Emperor to the 
office of legal adviser to the foreign office. 
By some it is presumed that his success 
in the settlement of a suit against the gov- 
ernment regarding a mining claim was 
the reason for his being soon thereafter 
called by the government to this position. 
This office he held for thirty-four years, 
from 1880, and although he three times 
tendered his resignation it was refused 
each time. In July, 1907, while on a two 
years' vacation, he attended The Hague 
conference as one of the judges of that 



tribunal, serving his Emperor his second 
term, having received his second appoint- 
ment in November, 1906, as the legal ad- 
viser of the foreign office. He was influ- 
ential in directing the foreign policy of 
Japan for a quarter of a century and to 
his efforts the wonderful progress of the 
nation is more due than to that of any 
other man. He was one of the best au- 
thorities on international law of any man 
of his time. He received first-class dec- 
orations of all the orders which the Japa- 
nese government can confer, and refused 
three decorations tendered him by foreign 
governments. 

The man and the influence he exerted 
is best given by an English correspondent 
of a London journal, made at the close of 
the Portsmouth conference: 

He is a modest man, this Denison, one who has 
always kept himself in the background, and his 
work for a quarter of a centurj' is merged, un- 
identified, in the general accomplishment of the 
government which he serves. Denison prefers the 
satisfaction that comes from work well done, 
rather than the praise of the world. He lives 
quietly in one of the smaller official residences in 
Tokio, almost a recluse save to his intimate 
friends, to whom he is said to bring a charming 
simplicity of manner, a splendid measure of 
warmth and geniality, and a delightful form of 
wit and humor. It is difficult to single out the 
particular achievements of this wonderful, silent, 
reser\-ed man, who stands forever in the back- 
ground, but there has not been an important 
foreign office for twenty years in which he has 
not been consulted. At the close of the war with 
China. Denison received a gift of ten thousand 
dollars from his Emperor, and the thanks of the 
royal family. Mr, Denison's work in the affairs 
of the Japanese government with foreign powers 
will never be known, nor will his influence among 
nations in bringing about the late Russo-Japanese 
treaty ever be divulged, but it is well known that 
his advice has been adhered to in most cases of 
complications with foreign powers and also in the 
late treaty of alliance with Great Britain. He is 
one of the very few foreigners ever admitted to 
intimate approach of the Emperor, and his house 
is filled with costly presents from his Imperial 
Majesty. 



104 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



In person Mr. Denison stood a trifle 
over six feet ; of commanding presence, 
one shoulder slightly depressed. His face 
was rather mobile, but exceedingly pleas- 
ant when lit up by a smile. He was as 
gentle as a child, but very reserved and 
circumspect in his intercourse with 
strangers. His weight was about one 
hundred and eighty pounds, and he used 
a cane in walking. He had no children. 
His wife, an invalid, spent much of her 
time at the baths in Germany, while her 
husband was busy "sawing wood," as he 
termed his daily labors. He was thor- 
oughly versed in the history of Japan and 
full of Japanese reminiscenses. 

The New York "Sun" of July 4, 1914. 
said: 

In accordance with Japanese custom the news 
of Mr. Denison's death was withheld from the 
public for several hours to give the emperor an 
opportunity to confer upon him the order of the 
Grand Cordon of the Order of Paulownia. Mr. 
Denison was called one of the greatest bene- 
factors of Japan in a statement issued by the 
foreign office later in the day. "The whole 
Japanese nation," the statement concluded, "joins 
in the sentiment of thankfulness and indebtedness 
for the distinguished services of Mr. Denison and 
in the expression of sorrow at his departure." 
On learning of the death of Mr. Denison Presi- 
dent Wilson telegraphed condolence to the Em- 
peror of Japan upon the death in Tokio of Henry 
Willard Denison, an American, who had served 
the Japanese Government in the capacity of ad- 
visor to the foreign office for thirty-four years. 
In the dispatch President Wilson declared that 
Denison had "done honor to his country in his 
service to Japan." Mr. Denison saw Japan rise 
from comparative obscurity to a great world 
power. Indeed Japanese statesmen have not been 
slow to recognize that a great deal of their coun- 
try's progress was due to the quiet little man from 
America who was the friend and confidential 
adviser of emperors, the greatest of the elder 
statesmen and of the men who guided Japan 
through her most serious troubles. There was 
not an important foreign affair in Japan in the 
last thirty years in which the legal adviser to the 
department of foreign affairs did not have a con- 
trolling hand. In the dangerous days of the war 



with Russia he was always at the side of Count 
Mutsu, then Minister of Foreign Affairs. At the 
end of the war he was summoned to the Japanese 
court, where he received a handsome grant of 
money, and the personal thanks of the royal 
family. His next great service was as advisor to 
the Japanese Government in the negotiations for 
the first treaty alliance with Great Britain. He is 
also said to have been the author of the wonder- 
ful correspondence from Tokio that preceded the 
war with Russia. Unrecognized by the world 
before, the world was quick to do him honor 
after Portsmouth. He was made a member of 
the permanent court of arbitration of The Hague, 
where he had gone as technical delegate of Japan 
to the Second Peace Conference. He also became 
a member of the Association de Legislation Com- 
paree at Paris. Mr. Denison's decorations in- 
cluded the Grand Cordon (first class) ; Imperial 
Japanese Order of the Rising Sun, and the Grand 
Cordon (first class) Japanese Order of the 
Sacred Treasurer. He was a member of the 
Union Club in New York, and the Metropolitan 
in Washington, D. C. 

(The Putnam Line). 

Putnam is an ancient English surname, 
taken from the place name, Puttenham. 
This town is mentioned in the Domes- 
day Book (1066). It was a part of the 
great fief known as the Honor of Leices- 
ter. The parish of Puttenham is in Hert- 
fordshire, near Bedfordshire and Buck- 
inghamshire. The coat-of-arms to which 
all the American descendants of this line 
are entitled is : Sable, between eight 
crosses crosslet fitchee, argent a stork of 
the last, beaked and legged gules. Crest : 
A wolf's head gules. 

(I) Simon de Puttenham is the first of 
the name of whom there is definite record 
in England, and was probably the lineal 
descendant of Roger, who held the manor 
of Puttenham under the Bishop of Baieux. 
He lived in 1199. 

(II) Ralph de Puttenham is supposed 
to have been son of Simon, and lived in 
1217, and held a knight's fee in Putten- 
ham. 

(HI) Richard de Puttenham lived in 
1273, believed to be son of Ralph. 

105 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(IV) John de Puttenham lived in 1291 
in the manor of Puttenham. 

(V) Thomas Puttenham lived in the 
time of Richard I. He is said to have 
married Helen, daughter of John Spigor- 
nell. He had sons, Roger and Henry. 

(VI) Roger Puttenham was of age be- 
fore 1315, and was high sheriff of Hert- 
fordshire in 1322. He married Alina. 

(VII) Henry Puttenham lived from 
about 1300 to 1350. 

(VIII) Sir Roger Puttenham, believed 
to be son of Henry Puttenham, was born 
about 1320 and died about 1380. 

(IX) William Puttenham, believed to 
be son of Sir Roger Puttenham, was of 
Puttenham Fenn, Sherfield, Warbleton. 
He married Alargaret, daughter of John 
Warbleton. Children : Henry, Robert, 
W'illiam. 

(X) Henry Puttenham was over sixty 
years old in 1468 and died in 1473. He 
inherited the estate of his father. He 
married Elizabeth, widow of Geoffrey 
Goodluck. Her will was dated Decem- 
ber 25, 1485, and she "desires to be buried 
in the chapel of St. Mar>' the Virgin, in 
All Saints of Isleworth." 

(XI) William Puttenham was born 
about 1430 and died in 1492. He married 
Anne, daughter of John Hampden, of 
Hampden, County Bucks, England. In 
his will he directs that he shall be buried 
before the image of the Blessed Virgin 
Mary, in the chapel within the church of 
the Hospital of the Blessed Mary, called 
the Elsingspytell, in London. 

(XII) Nicholas Puttenham, lived at 
Putnam Place in Fenne. This estate prob- 
ably came into the family in 1315 in the 
time of Roger Puttenham. Putnam 
Place is now a farmhouse, and a railway 
station perpetuates the name. Nicholas 
Puttenham was born about 1460 and his 
will was made in 1526. 

(XIII) Henry Putnam was living in 
1526, probably in Eddlesborough. 



(XIV) Richard Putnam was probably 
the eldest son, and lived at Eddlesborough 
and Woughton. His will is dated Decem- 
ber 12, 1556, and proved February 26, 
1556-57. He directs that his body be 
buried at Woughton. Children : John, 
mentioned below ; Harry, of Woughton. 

(XV) John Putnam was of Bowsham, 
in Wingrave, and was buried there. Oc- 
tober 2, 1573. His wife was probably 
Margaret, buried January 27, 1568. 

(XVI) Nicholas Putnam was born 
about 1540. He lived at Wingrave until 
about 1585, when he removed to Stewke- 
ley. He inherited property from his 
father and both his brothers. His will is 
dated January i, 1597, and proved Sep- 
tember 27, 1598. He married, at Win- 
grave, January 30, 1577, Margaret, daugh- 
ter of John and Elizabeth Goodspeed. 

(I) John Putnam, son of Nicholas Put- 
nam, was baptized at Wingrave, County 
Bucks, England, January 17, 1579, and 
inherited the estate at Aston Abbotts. 
He probably lived in Stewkeley with his 
parents until his father's death, when he 
took possession of the estates of Aston 
Abbotts, where he lived until he went to 
New England, and was called husband- 
man in 1614. He is supposed to have mar- 
ried Priscilla Deacon. He was an early 
settler at Salem, Massachusetts, and ac- 
cording to family tradition came there in 
1634. The first record of him is March 
21, 1640-41, when his wife was admitted 
to the church, and in the same year he 
received a grant of land. He was a 
farmer. His handwriting indicates a good 
education, and he was wealthy compared 
to his neighbors. Before his death he 
gave farms to his sons, John and Na- 
thaniel, and probably to the others also. 
He died in Salem Village, now Danvers, 
December 30, 1662. Children: Elizabeth, 
baptized December 20. 1612, in England; 
Thomas, mentioned below ; John, July 24, 
1617. died young; Nathaniel, October 11, 



106 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1619; Sarah, March 7, 1623; Phebe, July 
28, 1624; John, May 27, 1627. 

(IIj Lieutenant Thomas Putnam, son 
of John Putnam, was baptized March 7, 
1615, in England, and came to New Eng- 
land with his parents. He was an in- 
habitant of Lynn in 1640 ; admitted a free- 
man in 1642; selectman in 1643; admitted 
to the Salem church, April 3, 1643, and 
also received a grant of land there. From 
1645 to 1648 he was commissioner to end 
small causes in Lynn ; served on the 
grand jury and was constable. He was 
the first parish clerk in Salem Village ; 
was also on many important committees, 
and was one of the most prominent men 
in town. He was lieutenant of the troop 
of horse, and his name headed the tax 
list. His homestead, now known as the 
General Israel Putnam house, is still 
standing a little east of Hathorne's Hill 
in the northern part of Danvers, not far 
from the asylum and was occupied by his 
widow in 1692. Here also his son Joseph 
lived during his opposition to the witch- 
craft proceedings. Lieutenant Thomas 
Putnam died at Salem Village, May 5, 
1686. He married (first) at Lynn. Octo- 
ber 17, 1643, An" Holyoke, who died Sep- 
tember I, 1665, daughter of Edward and 
Prudence (Stockton) Holyoke. He mar- 
ried (second) at Salem, November 14, 
1666, Mary Veren, widow of Nathaniel 
Veren ; she died March 16 or 17, 1695. 
Children of first marriage : Ann, born Au- 
gust 25, 1645 ; Sarah, baptized July 23, 
1648; Mary, born October 17, 1649; 
Thomas, March 12, 1652; Edward, men- 
tioned below; Deliverance, September 5, 
1656; Elizabeth, August 30. 1659; Pru- 
dence, February 28, 1662. Child of sec- 
ond marriage: Joseph, father of General 
Israel Putnam. 

(HI) Deacon Edward Putnam, second 
son of Lieutenant Thomas and Ann (Hol- 
yoke) Putnam, was baptized July 4, 1654, 



in Salem, and died in Salem V^illage, now 
Danvers, March 10, 1747. He was ad- 
mitted freeman in 1690, and made deacon 
of the first church at Danvers, December 
3 of that year. In one hundred and eighty- 
six years this church had twenty-five dea- 
cons, of whom fourteen bore the name of 
Putnam. Deacon Edward Putnam was 
well educated for his time, possessed 
much literary taste, and was a somewhat 
prolific writer. He married, June 14, 1681, 
Mary Hale. Children : Edward, born 
April 29, 1682 ; Holyoke, September 28, 
1683 ; Elisha, mentioned below ; Joseph, 
November i, 1687; Mary, August 14, 
1689; Prudence, January 25, 1692; Nehe- 
miah, December 20, 1693 ; Ezra, April 29, 
1696; Isaac, March 14, 1698; Abigail, bap- 
tized May 26, 1700. 

{IV) Elisha Putnam, third son of Dea- 
con Edward and Mary (Hale) Putnam, 
was born November 3, 1685, in Salem Vil- 
lage, and was a farmer in Topsfield, Mas- 
sachusetts, until about 1725, when he set- 
tled in Sutton, Massachusetts, where he 
died June 10, 1745. He was prominent in 
both church and town afifairs, served as 
town clerk and treasurer and representa- 
tive to the General Court, was admitted 
to the church at Sutton in 1730, and was 
made a deacon in the following year. He 
married (first) in Salem, February 10, 
1710, Hannah Marble, of that town, who 
died soon after. He married (second) 
February 15, 1713, Susannah, daughter of 
Jonathan and Susan (Trask) Fuller, of 
Topsfield. Children: Elisha, born De- 
cember 2, 1715; Hannah, baptized Sep- 
tember 8, 1717: Nehemiah, born Alarch 
22. 1719; Jonathan, July 19, 1721 ; Sus- 
anna, baptized September 8, 1723 ; Mary, 
born June 12, 1725 ; Stephen, mentioned 
below; Amos, July 22, 1730; Eunice, July 
6, 1732; Huldah, May 25, 1734; Rufus, 
April 9, 1738. 

(V) Stephen Putnam, fourth son of 



107 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Elisha and Susannah (Fuller) Putnam, 
was born April 4, 1728, in Sutton, and 
died March 5, 1803, in Westminster, New 
Hampshire, where he settled before 1661. 
He married, March 14, 1755, Mary, daugh- 
ter of John and Abigail (Chase) Gibbs, 
of Sutton, born March 16, 1737. Chil- 
dren : Solomon, mentioned below ; ]Mary 
Jane, born June 10. 1757; Rhoda, July 3, 
1759; John, May 10, 1761 ; Gideon, April 
17. ^^7^3' Elisha, May 13, 1765; Lewis, 
resided at Lansingburg, New York ; Char- 
lotte, January 11, 1767; David, March 21, 
1771 ; Rufus, March 22, 1773; Abigail, 
February 10, 1776; Lavina, Alay 5, 1780. 

(V'l) Solomon Putnam, eldest child of 
Stephen and Mary (Gibbs) Putnam, was 
born July 17, 1756, probably in Hamp- 
shire county, Massachusetts, and died be- 
fore 1830, in Claremont, New Hampshire, 
where he was a farmer before 1798. He 
married, October 20, 1779, Miriam Elmer, 
born July 23, 1755. Children: Electa, 
born February 24, 1781 ; Philina, June 31, 
1782; Zelotus, March 2, 1784; Sarah, men- 
tioned below; Chester, August 11, 1787; 
John, March 30, 1789; Sophia, December 
17, 1790; Mary, August 17, 1792; Elisha, 
July 15, 1794; Fanny, May 28, 1796; Sam- 
uel, May 28, 1798; Hiram, March 6, 1800. 

(VII) Sarah Putnam, third daughter 
of Solomon and Miriam (Elmer) Putnam, 
was born February 3, 1786, and became 
the wife of Jesse Cooper, of Claremont, 
New Hampshire (see Cooper VI). 



LOOMIS, Harrison, 

Saccessfnl Business Man. 

The Loomis family is among the old 
and honored families of New England, 
tracing back to the year 1638, and from 
that time to the present, several centuries, 
the members of the various generations 
have been active and potent factors in the 
movements which have had for their 



object the welfare and development of the 
numerous states in which they have taken 
up their abode. In England, in the seven- 
teenth and eighteenth centuries, the name 
was spelled Lummas, Lommas, or Lomis, 
but in the nineteenth century it was uni- 
formly spelled Lomas, while in New Eng- 
land in the seventeenth century it was 
spelled Lomis, Lomys or Lomas, and in 
the nineteenth century it was, with few 
exceptions, spelled Loomis. 

Joseph Loomis, the pioneer ancestor, 
was a resident of Braintree, England, 
where he followed the occupation of a 
woolen draper. Upon his arrival in this 
country in 1638, he located in Boston, 
Massachusetts, where he remained one 
year. He then removed to Windsor, Con- 
necticut, where his death occurred Au- 
gust 17, 1652. His son, Deacon John 
Loomis, was born in England in 1622, 
came to New England with his father in 
1638, and died in Windsor, Connecticut, 
in 1688. He received a large grant of 
land, became a deacon of the church, and 
was a deputy to the General Court of the 
Connecticut Colony, 1666-67, 1675 and 
1687. He married Elizabeth, daughter of 
Thomas Scott, of Hartford, Their son, 
Thomas Loomis, was born November 7, 
165 1. His son, John Loomis, was born 
January 14, 1681. His son, Jonathan Loo- 
mis, was born August 13, 1722. His son, 
Noadiah Loomis, was born in West 
Springfield, August 14, 1750. He was a 
farmer and teamster, and engaged in the 
transportation of supplies and all kinds of 
merchandise from Hartford and Boston ; 
assisted in teaming the iron from Boston 
to Lake Erie for the purpose of construct- 
ing what was probably the first light- 
house in that section ; and who also served 
as a soldier in the Revolutionary War. 
His son, Rowland Loomis, was born in 
West Springfield, July 7, 1781, and fol- 
lowed the occupation of farming. 

108 



YG 



IpUSLIC UBPJ- 






ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Frederick B. Loomis, son of Rowland 
Loomis, was born in West Springfield, 
March 7, 1805, and died in the same town 
in 1893. He accompanied a party of sur- 
ve3-ors engaged in locating government 
lands in the West, and assisted in erecting 
the first building in Marshall, Michigan. 
He also visited Chicago when it was but 
a small trading post. Upon his return to 
his native town, he engaged in the busi- 
ness of moving buildings, and while thus 
engaged he was hurt by a falling beam, 
which struck him across the back, and re- 
sulted in making him a cripple periodi- 
cally, and necessitated his using two canes 
to assist him in walking during the re- 
mainder of his life. It also incapacitated 
him for further active labor. He took a 
deep interest in town affairs ; served as 
tax collector for a period of thirty years, 
during which time his accounts were in- 
variably correct to a penny, and served as 
overseer of the poor many years. He 
married Charlotte Elizabeth Wilson, born 
in West Springfield in 1818, died in the 
same town in 1882, and they became the 
parents of five sons and five daughters. 

Harrison Loomis, son of Frederick B. 
and Charlotte Elizabeth (Wilson) Loo- 
mis, was born in West Springfield, Mas- 
sachusetts, December 20, 1840, and died 
there, September 18, 1913. Upon the com- 
pletion of his studies in the public and pri- 
vate schools of his native town, he secured 
employment in the United States Armory 
at Springfield, and remained there two 
years. In 1866 he projected, and success- 
fully completed, a novel and somewhat 
difficult journey through the then almost 
trackless region lying beyond the Mis- 
souri river, traveling by rail to St. Louis, 
and from there by river boat to Fort Ben- 
ton, whence, he with four others, provided 
with mule teams, together with provisions 
for ninety days, set out for California 
through a section of the country inhabited 
only by Indians. Thev traversed the terri- 



tories of Montana, Idaho, Utah and Wyo- 
ming, encountering on the way large 
herds of bufifalo and antelope, and at Salt 
Lake City, met Brigham Young and 
visited the tabernacle. Mr. Loomis trav- 
eled along the Pacific coast, and after 
visiting many points of interest in Cali- 
fornia, started on his return to the East 
by way of the Isthmus of Panama, stop- 
ping at intervals on his way down the 
Pacific coast to visit different places in 
Mexico. He traveled upward of twelve 
thousand miles, and during his trip 
through the territories he came in con- 
tact with fourteen distinct tribes of In- 
dians, but fortunately it was a time of 
general peace, and the party was in no 
way molested. Immediately after his 
return to West Springfield in 1882, he 
bought a saw mill which he operated for a 
short time, and which he sold in 1907. Sub- 
sequently he turned his attention to the 
manufacture of cider and vinegar, which 
proved a most successful enterprise, his 
products being noted for their purity and 
strength. He was a man of strict busi- 
ness principles, honorable and straight- 
forward in his methods, courteous in his 
treatment, and hence merited the success 
which crowned his efforts. 

For many years he filled the office of 
assessor, and was chairman of that board 
up to the time of his death ; for ten years 
he filled the office of tax collector ; was a 
selectman twenty-four years, during near- 
ly all of which time he served as chairman 
of this body ; he was associate county com- 
missioner twelve years. He was elected 
to all these offices on the Republican 
ticket, and at the time of his death all the 
flags of the town were placed at half mast. 
He was a member of the West Springfield 
Grange, Patrons of Husbandry, and for 
many years took an active part in its pro- 
ceedings. He was an attendant at, and 
sexton of, the Park Street Church, and a 
liberal supporter of that organization in 
109 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



its early years. His wife has also been a 
member, of many years' standing, of this 
church. Mr. Loomis was a public official 
of the town longer than any man who had 
ever lived there, and took a deep interest 
in all matters concerning its improve- 
ment and development. He was a devoted 
husband and a kind and loving father, and 
all the time he could spare from the nu- 
merous important responsibilities he was 
called upon to assume was spent in the 
bosom, of his family. One of his greatest 
pleasures was to assist struggling young 
men to secure a firm footing in their on- 
ward struggle to a successful career, and 
many of those whom he thus assisted are 
now at the head of important concerns of 
varied nature and scope. 

Mr. Loomis married (first) February 3, 
1869, Abbie M. Smith, born at Granby, 
Province of Quebec, Canada, November 5, 
1847, died in September, 1884. He mar- 
ried (second) October 27,. 1886, Julia M. 
Sullivan, a chum of his first wife, and a 
daughter of James Florence and Mary 
(Bolster) Sullivan, of Boston. She is a 
woman of much amiability of character, 
who reared the children of the first wife 
with true affection and devotion, and was 
rewarded by having them call her mother, 
and regard her with true filial affection. 
Children, all by first marriage: Ida L., 
married Frederick Hart, of Pittsfield, and 
has a son, Harrison Loomis; Nellie M., 
married Charles Morrow, of Pittsfield, 
and died in June, 1901 ; Abbie, married 
Garfield Bassett, of Pittsfield, and has 
children: Julius, Dorothy, Lolita, and 
Donald : Henry Harrison, only son of 
Harrison Loomis, born in 1880, was 
drowned at the age of eight years, which 
was a dreadful shock from which Air. 
Loomis never fully recovered. Mr. Loo- 
mis was a lover of flowers and the old 
Loomis place on the "River Road," which 
has been in the family nearly one hundred 



years, is still aglow with flowers of his 
])lanting. and is always a beauty spot to 
t'le hundreds who pass daily. He abhored 
a liar and his motto was : "Tell the truth 
snd pay your bills." 



ITICKERSON FAMILY. 

The name of the family of Nickerson 
appears to have been spelled in various 
forms by the early generations of this 
family. We find it spelled in some of the 
early records under the form of Nichel- 
son, Nicholson, Nicholsons, Nick, Nicka- 
son, Nickleson, Nickelson, Nickerson, 
Nickesson, Nickilson, Nickinson, Nickol- 
son, Nickorson, Nickison, Nickson, Nicor- 
son, Nikelson and Ninkerson. The first of 
this family to come to America was Wil- 
liam Nickerson, who it is believed was a 
descendant of W'illiam Nickerson, Lord 
Bishop of Derry, Ireland, whose coat-of- 
arms, hanging in the hall of the home of 
Captain Phineas Adams Nickerson in 
Winchester, Massachusetts, is : Azure two 
bars ermine, in chief three suns. From the 
beginning of the settlement of this family 
in this country the members thereof have 
figured prominently in its commerce and 
trade during the colonial period, and they 
also asserted their patriotism, during the 
struggle for independence ; in Massachu- 
setts alone we find that seventy-two of 
the name of Nickerson served in the army 
and navy during the Revolution. 

(I) William Nickerson was among those 
who suffered persecution for conscience 
sake in Ipswich, England. He was born 
in 1604-06, in Norwich, England, and 
sailed from there in April, 1637, either in 
the ship "John and Dorothy," of Ipswich, 
or the "Rose," of Yarmouth, in company 
with his wife, her parents, her brothers 
and sisters, and his four children. He 
landed at Boston, June 20, 1637, and lived 
in Boston, Watertown and Plymouth. He 



1 10 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



was next heard of at Yarmouth in 1641, 
was selectman there in 1643, ^"d deputy 
to the General Court in 1655. While at 
Yarmouth he was fined for "contempt for 
religion," probably meaning contempt for 
Father Mather, as there appears no reason 
to doubt that he was a man of rectitude, 
upright, and of good moral character. He 
was next heard of in Monoyick (now 
Chatham) where he purchased of John 
Quason, chief of the Monoyicks, that 
territory comprising Chatham, Orleans, 
Harwich and Brewster, for the price of 
twelve hatchets, twelve hoes, twelve 
knives, twelve homespun suits, twelve 
shillings in English money, twelve shill- 
ings in wampum "and sundry other 
articles." This purchase was made by 
Nickerson without the consent of the 
government at Plymouth, which held 
grants from the Crown, and much legal 
strife was caused thereby. The matter 
was later amicably adjusted to the 
satisfaction of all concerned, Nickerson 
remaining in possession of the land 
purchased. He founded the town of 
Monomoy (now Chatham) where he ex- 
ercised the office of religious teacher for 
many years prior to the coming of Rev. 
Mr. Vickery ; he also figured largely in 
court proceedings, chiefly concerning 
titles to lands. In 1670 he was select- 
man in Eastham, and was there noted for 
being foremost in enterprise and public 
spirit. He died in Massachusetts between 
August 30, 1689, and September 8, 1690, 
at which latter date his daughter refers 
to him as being deceased. He married, in 
England, Anne (who was living as late 
as 1686), daughter of Nicholas and 
Bridget Busby. Children, of whom four 
were born in England: Nicholas, Robert, 
Anne, Elizabeth, Samuel. William., Jo- 
seph, John, Sarah. 

(II) William (2) Nickerson, son of 
William (i) and Anne (Busby) Nicker- 



son, was born in Yarmouth, Massachu- 
setts, where he was baptized June i, 1646. 
He lived in Chatham, Massachusetts, near 
the site of Hotel Chatham, held the office 
of clerk and treasurer of the first public 
meeting held in Chatham, May 12, 1694, 
and was a soldier in King Philip's War 
in 1676. Administration was allowed on 
his estate in April, 1719. He married, 
November 30, 1668, Mercy, daughter of 
Thomas and Elizabeth (Tate) Williams, 
her death occurring in Chatham, April 7, 
1739- Children: William, Thomas, 
Robert, Mercy, Elizabeth, Judith and 
Nathaniel. 

(III) Robert Nickerson, son of Wil- 
liam (2) and Mercy (Williams) Nicker- 
son, was born about 1672, and lived with 
his wife Rebecca in the town of Chatham, 
where only one child is recorded, Elka- 
nah, born February 14, 1722. 

(IV) Israel Nickerson, supposed to be 
a son of Robert and Rebecca Nickerson, 
was born about 1710-15, and resided in 
Dennis, Massachusetts, where he was ad- 
mitted to the church, October 16, 1744. 
The records of this church are missing 
for several years following this time, and 
it is impossible to learn whether any of 
his children were baptized. His wife's 
name was Hannah, and the town records 
give the following children : Israel, born 
September 2, 1741 ; James, mentioned be- 
low ; Patience, February 16, 1749. 

(V) James Nickerson, son of Israel 
and Hannah Nickerson, was born Febru- 
ary 17, 1744, and lived in Dennis, with his 
wife Keziah. Children, recorded in Den- 
nis: James, born December 4, 1770; 
Jephtha, mentioned below; Bathsheba, 
December 2, 1774 ; Patience, October 24, 
1777 ; Keziah, March 19, 1780 ; Sarah, May 
II, 1782; Elijah. November 13, 1789. 

(VI) Jephtha Nickerson, second son 
of James and Keziah Nickerson, was born 
October i, 1772, in Dennis, and lived in 



III 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Harwich, Massachusetts. He married 
Thankful Hall, born October 17, 1785, in 
Harwich, daughter of Gershom and Lucy 
(Snow) Hall, of that town (see Hall VI). 

(VII) Alexander Nickerson, son of 
Jephtha and Thankful (Hall) Nickerson, 
was born October 19, 1810, in Harwich, 
and married, October 30, 1832. Rebecca 
Baker. He died October 6, 1881, aged 
seventy years, eleven months and seven- 
teen days. Their children were : Mercy 
A., mentioned below; Alexander; Wil- 
liam Henry, who was lost at sea ; Almira ; 
John F., living at Onset, Massachusetts ; 
Lucy Maria, living in West Dennis, Mas- 
sachusetts ; George Edwin, who died in 
infancy; Rebecca Frances, living in South 
Dennis, Massachusetts. 

(VIII) Mercy A. Nickerson, daughter 
of Alexander and Rebecca (Baker) 
Nickerson, was born August 18, 1834, m 
South Dennis, and became the wife of 
Leander F. Chase, of Fall River, Massa- 
chusetts. After his death she married 
(second) Major Oliver Hazard Perry 
Howard, a distinguished soldier of the 
Civil War (see Chase VIII). 

(The Hall Line). 

(I) John Hall came from Coventry, 
England, and located at Charlestown, 
Massachusetts, in 1630. He was a mem- 
ber of the first church there, July 30, 1632, 
was one of the sixteen men with their 
wives who formed a church at Charles- 
town, November 2, to supply the place of 
the original church which had been re- 
moved to Boston. He subsequently was 
in Barnstable, and settled in Yarmouth, 
Plymouth Colony, in 1653. He had lot 
No. 48 in Charlestown, in 1633, was made 
freeman. May 14, 1634, and was in Barn- 
stable as early as 1640, and for some 
years thereafter. His first wife. Bethia, 
was the mother of two children, baptized 
in Charlestown: John, May 13, 1638; 



Shebar, February 9, 1640. The first men- 
tioned must have died in childhood, as the 
following children are recorded in Yar- 
mouth. Children of his second wife, Eliz- 
abeth, were : Joseph, born 1642 ; John, 
1645 > Elizabeth ; Gershom ; William, 
165 1 ; Samuel; Benjamin; Nathaniel; 
Elisha. He resided in that part of Yar- 
mouth which became Dennis in 1793 and 
his homestead there was still owned and 
occupied by descendants in 1880. 

(II) Gershom Hall, son of John and 
Elizabeth Hall, born March 5, 1648, in 
Yarmouth, died October 31, 1732, and 
was buried in the North Dennis Ceme- 
tery. He was a millwright and settled in 
Harwich, Massachusetts, where he was 
selectman in 1710 and twelve years there- 
after. He represented the town in 1712 
in the General Court and twice subse- 
quently. He received a salary for preach- 
ing in Chatham and Harwich. He gave 
much land to his children. He married 
(first) about 1668, Bethia, daughter of 
Edward and Rebecca Bangs, born May 
28, 1650, in Eastham, died October 15, 
1696. He married (second) December 7 
of that year, Martha Bramhall, of Hing- 
ham, Massachusetts, widow of George 
Bramhall and mother of the wife of his 
son. Jonathan Hall. Children : Samuel, 
born 1667; Edward, 1671 ; Bethia, about 
1672 ; Mary, and Jonathan. 

(III) Jonathan Hall, youngest child of 
Gershom and Bethia (Bangs) Hall, was 
born about 1676, was executor of his 
father's will, inherited the paternal home- 
stead on which he resided, and was a 
member of the South Church of Harwich 
in 1747. He married (first) about 1712, 
Hannah Bramhall, daughter of George 
and Martha Bramhall. George Bramhall 
came from England, was at Dover, New 
Hampshire, in 1670, at Casco, Maine, in 
1678, and was killed by the Indians in 
1689. His widow removed to Hingham, 



112 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Massachusetts, and became the wife of 
Gershom Hall. Their daughter Hannah 
was the wife of Jonathan Hall, as above 
noted. He married (second) in 1751, 
Elizabeth Hedge, of Chatham. 

(IV) Gershom (2) Hall, only known 
child of Jonathan and Hannah (Bram- 
hall) Hall, was born October 25, 1715, in 
Harwich, and resided on the paternal 
homestead in that town, where he died 
September 7, 1784. He was a deacon of 
the South Church from 1747 to his death. 
He married, November 28, 1734, his 
cousin, Mary Hall, born October 15, 1714, 
in Harwich, died January 20, 1794, daugh- 
ter of Edward and Mary (Stewart) Hall, 
granddaughter of Gershom (i) Hall. She 
owned the covenant at Harwich Church, 
October 16, 1737, and was admitted to full 
communion. May 14, 1738. Children : 
Seth, mentioned below ; Bethia, baptized 
1738; Edward, died young; Edward and 
Hannah, baptized May i, 1743; Jonathan, 
October 15, 1746; Sarah and Jerusha. 

(V) Seth Hall, eldest child of Gershom 
(2) and Mary (Hall) Hall, was baptized 
November 13, 1737, in Harwich, and died 
October 25, 1793. He resided north of 
and near his father in that town. He was 
executor of the father's will. He was a 
member of the South Church. He mar- 
ried, June 17, 1756, Elizabeth Burgess, 
born 1734-35, in Yarmouth, died Septem- 
ber 17, 1808, in Harwich, daughter of 
Samuel and Alercy (Covill) Burgess. She 
was descended from Thomas Burgess, 
born 1602-03, was at Salem about 1630, 
later in Lynn, and received land in that 
part of Plymouth, Massachusetts, which 
is now Duxbury, July 3, 1637. This was 
forfeited by his removal to Sandwich be- 
fore the close of that year. He was 
among the most prominent settlers of the 
town, and a constituent member of the 
church organized there in 1638, filled 
every office in the town, was several years 

MASS-Vol. 111-8 I 



deputy to the General Court, a large land- 
holder, and died February 13, 1685. His 
second son, John Burgess, settled in Yar- 
mouth, where he was deputy in 1680; 
married, September 18, 1657, Mary, 
daughter of Peter Worden. Their fourth 
son was Samuel Burgess, who lived in 
Yarmouth with his wife Elizabeth. Their 
eldest child was Samuel (2) Burgess, born 
December 9, 1704, married, July 25, 1730, 
Mercy Covill, and was the father of Eliz- 
abeth Burgess, wife of Seth Hall. Chil- 
dren: Tamsin, born 1758; Gershom, men- 
tioned below ; Edward, 1763 ; Mercy, mar- 
ried Kelley ; Jonathan, May 24, 

1768; Elisha; Seth; Elizabeth, married 
Joshua Covell ; Lemuel. 

(VI) Gershom (3) Hall, eldest son of 
Seth and Elizabeth (Burgess) Hall, was 
born in 1760, in Harwich, where he lived, 
and died September 26, 1844. He mar- 
ried (first) February 8, 1781, Lucy Snow, 
baptized December, 1760, in Brewster, 
Massachusetts, died October 8, 1795, in 
Harwich, daughter of Thomas and Han- 
nah (Lincoln) Snow. She was a de- 
scendant of Nicholas Snow, who came 
from England in 1623, in the ship "Ann," 
and had a share in the division of land in 
Plymouth, Massachusetts, in 1624. Ten 
years later he removed to Eastham, where 
he was a prominent citizen, the first town 
clerk and filled the office sixteen years. 
For three years he was deputy to the 
General Court, and for seven years select- 
man. He married at Plymouth, Con- 
stance, daughter of Stephen Hopkins, 
who came in the "Mayflower" to Plym,- 
outh in 1620. Nicholas Snow died No- 
vember 15, 1676, in Eastham, and was 
survived nearly a year by his wife, who 
died in October, 1677. They were the 
parents of Nicholas (2) Snow, born De- 
cember 6, 1663, in Eastham, lived in Har- 
wich, and married in Eastham, April 4, 
1689, Lydia Shaw. Their third son, Na- 

13 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



thaniel Snow, born October i6, 1693, in 
Harwich, married, August 20, 1730, in 
that town, Thankful Gage, born May 21, 
171 1, in Yarmouth, daughter of John and 
Jane Gage. Their second son, Thomas 
Snow, born November 19, 1735, in Har- 
wich, baptized four days later in Brew- 
ster, died April 27, 1790, in the West 
Indies. He married, January 31, 1760, 
Hannah Lincoln, born April 23, 1738, in 
Brewster, died May 30, 1817, daughter 
of John and Hannah (Hopkins) Lincoln. 
Their eldest child, Lucy Snow, became 
the first wife of Gershom (3) Hall, as 
previously noted. He married (second) 
May 15, 1796, Widow Bethiah Collins, 
daughter of Deacon Edward Hall, born 
1760, died September 28, 1813. He mar- 
ried (third, intentions published October 
6, 1815, in Harwich) Jerusha, daughter 
of Reuben Clark, born 1772-73, in Brew- 
ster, died October 29, 1843. Children: 
Rosanna, born October 31, 1782; Rhoda, 
March 12, 1784; Thankful, mentioned be- 
low; Daniel; Lucy, February 18, 1788; 
Tamsin, October 39, 1789; Olive, March 
18, 1791 ; Sukey, April 14, 1793; Patience, 
September 16, 1795 ; Gershom, August 19, 
1798; Zabrina, December 9, 1804; twins, 
died young. 

(Vil) Thankful Hall, third daughter 
of Gershom (3) and Lucy (Snow) Hall, 
was born October 17, 1785, in Harwich, 
and became the wife of Jephtha Nicker- 
son, of Dennis (see Nickerson VI). After 
his death she became the wife of Deacon 
Samuel Smith, of West Harwich, Massa- 
chusetts. 

(The Cha.se Line). 

Elsewhere in this volume appears an 
extensive history of the early generations 
of the Chase family, beginning with Wil- 
liam Chase, who came from England with 
Governor W'inthrop in 1630, accompanied 
by his wife Mary and son William, and 
located finally at Yarmouth in what is 



now Barnstable county, Massachusetts. 
His eldest son, William Chase, resided in 
that locality, and was the father of Ben- 
jamin Chase, who lived in Portsmouth, 
Rhode Island, and married Amy Borden. 
Their eldest son was Nathan Chase, who 
resided in Portsmouth, Rhode Island, and 
married Elizabeth Shaw. The second 
son of this marriage was Holder Chase, 
born 1733, in Portsmouth, where he lived. 
He married, in 1760, Freeborn, daughter 
of Joseph and Sarah (Durfee) Dennis, 
natives of Portsmouth. 

(VI) Nathan (2) Chase, second son of 
Holder and Freeborn (Dennis) Chase, 
was born in 1766, and lived in Tiverton, 
Rhode Island, where he died November 
12, 1827, aged sixty-one years. He mar- 
ried Ann Sherman, daughter of Sampson 
and Ruth (Fish) Sherman, born Novem- 
ber 18, 1770, died in Newport, Rhode 
Island, October 22, 1852. Children : Han- 
nah, born November 22, 1793 ; Almy, July 
20, 1795: Holder, IVIarch 17, 1797; Eliza, 
February 25, 1799; Mary, September 21, 
1800 ; Abby, July 25, 1802 ; Rowland, Jan- 
uary 28, 1804 ; Obediah, mentioned be- 
low ; Ruth Ann, September 21, 1810. 

(VII) Obediah Chase, third son of Na- 
than (2) and Ann (Sherman) Chase, was 
born March 2, 1806, in Tiverton, Rhode 
Island, and made his home in Fall River, 
Massachusetts, where he becanxe a well 
known citizen, and there died March 13, 
1865, at the age of fifty-nine years. His 
body lies in Oak Grove Cemetery. He 
married in Tiverton, Rhode Island, Julia 
Ann Gardner, born there January 25, 
1807. daughter of Captain Samuel and 
Catherine (Borden) Gardner. A full his- 
tory of this family will be found on other 
pages of this work. She survived him 
and died in Fall River, Massachusetts, 
and was buried beside her husband. Chil- 
dren : Leander F., mentioned below; Obe- 
diah Davis, born September 19, 1833, died 



114 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



in Fall River, 1894, was buried in Oak 
Grove Cemetery. 

(VIII) Leander F. Chase, elder son of 
Obediah and Julia Ann (Gardner) Chase, 
was born November 10, 1830, in Tiver- 
ton, Rhode Island, where he spent his 
active life, and died October 3, 1890, and 
was buried in Oak Grove Cemetery. His 
education was supplied by the public 
schools of his native city, and after leav- 
ing his studies he learned the trade of car- 
penter with his father and continued for 
many years as a contracting builder in 
Fall River, where he was known for his 
upright methods, his industry and sound 
judgment. He married at South Dennis, 
Barnstable county, Massachusetts, Feb- 
ruary 9, 1854, Mercy A. Nickerson, born 
August 18, 1834, in that town, daughter 
of Alexander and Rebecca (Baker) Nick- 
erson, granddaughter of Jephtha and 
Thankful (Hall) Nickerson, of Harwich, 
Massachusetts, and great-granddaughter 
of Gershom Hall. Children: i. William 
Everett, died at the age of six years. 2. 
Frank Herbert, died young. 3. J. Etta, 
born in Fall River, educated in the pub- 
lic and high schools of that city, and for 
several terms was a teacher in the public 
schools of Fall River; she married, No- 
vember 9, 1893, Jam,es W. Cross, a well 
known business man of Fall River, and 
has children : Eunice Howard, Ida Chase, 
J. William, Mercy A. and James Julian. 
After the death of Mr. Chase his widow 
married, in September, 1894, Major Oli- 
ver Hazard Perry Howard, of whom fur- 
ther. Mrs. Howard is still quite active, 
and is a member of the First Christian 
Church of Fall River, in whose Bible 
class she is an active member. 

Major Oliver Hazard Perry Howard 
was born July 22, 1836, in Providence, 
Rhode Island, son of William and Han- 
nah (Corey) Howard. He was educated 
in the public schools, and during the Civil 



War enlisted as a soldier of the Union 
army. In 1861 he became a member of 
the Second Rhode Island Regiment at 
Providence, and served under General 
Burnside. He was injured during the 
battle of Bull Run, and following his re- 
covery was promoted to be a corporal. At 
the battle of Malvern Hill, in 1862, he re- 
ceived injuries which caused him, to be 
temporarily discharged. He reenlisted 
in December, 1862, in the Forty-seventh 
Massachusetts Regiment, under General 
Banks. With this regiment he saw much 
active service and for meritorious con- 
duct during the battles in which he 
figured he was promoted to be sergeant. 
At the battle of Port Hudson Major How- 
ard saw so many of his fellow soldiers 
killed that the ranks were practically 
wiped out and the remnants of the once 
fine regiment were assigned to the 
Eighty-third United States Volunteer In- 
fantry. At Port Hudson Major Howard 
was seized with illness and forced to re- 
sign. After his recovery he again en- 
listed in the Thirty-seventh United States 
Colored Infantry at Fort Fisher. He was 
serving with that organization when Wil- 
mington, North Carolina, was captured, 
and General Cook rewarded Major How- 
ard by assigning him to the post of pro- 
vost-marshal of the city of Wilmington 
for several months. Major Howard grad- 
ually rose through the different ranks and 
was appointed first lieutenant, April 7, 
1865, for his gallant and faithful service 
during the war. His promotion to cap- 
tain came in June, 1866, and in February 
of the following year he received his 
honorable discharge. He had participated 
in about fifteen battles. On April i, 1868, 
Major Howard received his commission 
as brevet major. He was justly proud of 
this honor and the commission occupied 
a position in a frame in his home. It was 
signed by President Andrew Johnson, 



115 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton. 
Major Howard made his home in Fall 
River, where he was a prominent mem- 
ber of Richard Borden Post, No. 46, Grand 
Army of the Republic. He was a mem- 
ber of the Episcopal church, and was one 
of the charter members of St. John's 
Episcopal Society, and served as senior 
warden of this body. He married (first) 
Ellen Douglas, who died January 27, 
1893, and he married (second) September 
20, 1894, Mercy A. Chase, widow of Lean- 
der F. Chase, who survives him. Major 
Howard died December 9, 191 1, at his 
home on Second street. Fall River, and 
was buried in Oak Grove Cemetery. 



HARRIS, Henry Francis, 

Influential, Public Spirited Citizen. 

The Welsh custom of adding to a name 
the father's name in possessive form to 
distinguish one from another of the same 
Christian name was the origin of this 
patronymic. In the short four centuries 
that surnames have prevailed in Great 
Britain, time has sufficed to make many 
changes and modifications in the form of 
all classes of words, and names are no 
exception to the rule. In the Welsh ver- 
nacular, William was "David's," Harry 
was "John's," and David was "William's," 
and thus we have Davy's (Davis), John's 
(Jones), William and Harris, all among 
the most common of W'elsh names. The 
Harris family of whom this article gives 
some account was among the earliest in 
New England, has contributed much to 
the advancement of this region and of the 
nation, and is now found in connection 
with all worthy endeavors. It has been 
especially active in the fields of invention 
and pioneer development. Almost every 
State has found the name among those of 
its pioneer settlers, and it has spread from 
the Atlantic to the Pacific. 



(I) Thomas Harris, born in Deal, Kent 
county, England, came to this country 
with his brother W'illiam in the ship 
"Lyon," from Bristol, England, Decem- 
ber I, 1630. Roger Williams was also a 
passenger, and they landed at Lynn, Mas- 
sachusetts Bay Colony. On August 20, 
1637, or a little later, he and twelve others 
signed the following compact: "We, 
whose names are hereunder, desirous to 
inhabit in the town of Providence, do 
promise to subject ourselves in active or 
passive obedience to all such orders or 
agreements as shall be made for public 
good of the body in an orderly way by the 
major assent of the present inhabitants, 
members incorporated together into a 
town of fellowship, and such others 
whom they shall admit unto themselves, 
only in civil things." On July 2-], 1640, 
he and thirty-eight others signed an 
agreement for a form of government. On 
September 2, 1650, he was taxed one 
pound. In 1652-53-54-55-56-57. 1661-62- 
63, he was commissioner; in 1654, lieu- 
tenant; 1655, freeman; 1656, juryman. 
Bishop's "New England Judged," pub- 
lished in London, in 1703, has the follow- 
ing with reference to July, 1658: 

After these came Thomas Harris from Rhode 
Island into our colony who Declaring against 
your Pride and Oppression, as we would have 
liberty to speak in your meeting place in Boston, 
after the priest had ended. Warning the people 
of the Dreadful, terrible day of the Lord God, 
which was coming up on that Town and Country, 
him, much unlike to Nineveh, you pulled down 
and hall'd him by the Hair of his Head out of 
your meeting, and a hand was put on his mouth 
to keep him from speaking forth, and then had 
before your Governor and Deputy, with other 
Magistrates, and committed to Prison without 
warrant or mittimus that he saw, and shut up in 
a close room, none suffered to come to him, nor 
to have provisions for his money; and the next 
day whipped with so cruel stripes without shew- 
ing any law that he had broken, the' he desired it 
of the Jaylor, and then shut up for Eleven days 

116 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



more, Five of which he was kept without bread 
(Your Jay lor not suffering him to have any for 
his money and threatened the other prisoners 
very much for bringing him a httle water on the 
day of his sore whipping) and all this because he 
could not work for the Jaylor and let him have 
Eight Pence in Twelve Pence of what he should 
earn ; And starved he had been in all probability, 
had not the Lord kept him these Five days, and 
ordered it so after that time that food was so 
conveyed him by night in at a window, by some 
tender People, who tho' they came not in the Pro- 
fession of Truth openly, by reason of your 
Cruelty, yet felt it secretly moving in them and 
so were made Serviceable to keep the Servant of 
the Lord from Perishing, who shall not go with- 
out a reward. And tho' he was in this State of 
Weakness of want of Bread, and by torturing his 
body with cruel whippings, as aforesaid, and tho' 
the Day after he was whipped, the Jaylor had 
told him that he had now suffered the Law, and 
that if he would hire the Marshall to carry him 
out of the Country he might be gone when he 
would; Yet the next Sixth Day in the morning 
before the Sixth Hour, the Jaylor again required 
him to Work, which he refusing, gave his weak 
and fainting body Two and Twenty Blows with a 
pitched rope; and the Nineteenth of the Fifth 
month following, Fifteen cruel stripes more with 
a three-fold-corded whip knotted as aforesaid. 
Now upon his Apprehension, your Governor 
sought to know of him who came with him (as 
was their usual manner) that so ye might find out 
the rest of the company, on whom ye might Ex- 
ecute your Cruelty and Wickedness, and your 
Governor said he would make him do it; but his 
Cruelties could not. Nevertheless they soon were 
found out (who hid not themselves but were 
bold in the Lord) viz : William Brend and Wil- 
liam Ledd, etc. 

In 1664-66-67, 1670-72-73 he was deputy 
to the General Court; in 1664-65-66-69, 
member of the town council, and on Feb- 
ruary 19, 1665, he drew lot 7, in the divi- 
sion of the town lands. August 14, 1676, 
he was on a committee which recom- 
mended certain conditions under which 
the Indian captives, who were to be in 
servitude for a term of years, should be 
disposed of by the town. April 27, 1683, 
he made the statement that about 1661, 
being then a surveyor, he laid out a three- 



acre lot for his son Thomas, at Pauqua- 
chance Hill, and a twenty-five-acre lot on 
the south side, etc. June 3, 1686, he made 
his will, which was proved July 22, 1686, 
his son Thomas being appointed execu- 
tor, and his sons-in-law, Thomas Field 
and Samuel Whipple, overseers. Thomas 
Harris died in Providence, Rhode Island, 
June 7, 1686. He married Elizabeth 

, who died in Providence, Rhode 

Island. Children : Thomas, of further 
mention ; Mary ; Martha. 

(II) Thomas (2) Harris, eldest child 
and son of Thomas (i) and Elizabeth 
Harris, was born about 1638, in Provi- 
dence, Rhode Island. On February 19, 
1665, he had lot 49, in a division of lands. 
In 1671-79, 16S0-81-82-85, 1691-94-97, 
1702-06-07-08 and 1710 he was a deputy 
of the General Court, and in 1684-85-86, 
m,ember of the Town Council. July i, 
1679, he was taxed eight shillings nine 
pence, and September i, 1687, fourteen 
shillings nine pence. July 21, 1708, he 
made his will, which was proved April 
16, 171 1, the executors being his wife, M. 
Elizabeth (Tew) Harris, and his son 
Henry. He married, November 3, 1664, 
M. Elizabeth Tew, born October 15, 1644, 
died January 11, 1718, daughter of Rich- 
mond and Mary (Clarke) Tew, of New- 
port, Rhode Island, and they had chil- 
dren : Thomas, of further mention ; Rich- 
ard, Nicholas, William, Henry, Amity, 
Elnathan, Joab, Mary. 

(Ill) Thomas (3) Harris, son of 
Thomas (2) and M. Elizabeth (Tew) 
Harris, was born in Providence, Rhode 
Island, October 19, 1665, and died in the 
same town, November i, 1741. He was 
a deputy to the General Court in 1718, 
and member of the Town Council, 1716- 
1724, inclusive. His will was proved Jan- 
uary 18, 1742, by which Henry was to 
receive the homestead, etc. ; Thomas, the 
land where he then dwelt, etc.; Charles, 



117 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the land in Scituate, with house in Glo- 
cester; and Gideon, one hundred acres 
near Alum Pond, Glocester, and land in 
Scituate with a small dwelling. He mar- 
ried Phebe Brown, who died August 20, 
1723, and they had children: Wait, born 
April 21, 1694; Phebe, December 16, 1698; 
John, September 17, 1700; Henry, Octo- 
ber 5, 1702; Thomas, October 21, 1704; 
Charles, of further mention ; Gideon, born 
March 15, 1714; Lydia, June 9, 1715. 

(IV) Charles Harris, son of Thomas 
(3) and Phebe (Brown) Harris, was born 
in Providence, Rhode Island, in 1709. He 
married, March 19, 1748, at North Scitu- 
ate, Rhode Island, Mary Hopkins. Chil- 
dren : Henry, who married Rhoda Smith, 
and left her a widow; Amy; Gideon, of 
further mention ; Nancy, Stephen, Joseph, 
Oliver, Mercy, George. 

(V) Gideon Harris, son of Charles and 
Mary (Hopkins) Harris, was born in 
Rhode Island after 1748. He married 
Rhoda (Smith) Harris, the widow of his 
brother Henry, and had seven children. 

(VI) Henry Harris, son of Gideon and 
Rhoda (Smith-Harris) Harris, was born 
August 2, 1787. He married (first) Ber- 
nice Randall, and (second) Waty Smith, 
who was a remarkable type of true New 
England womanhood, possessing a strong 
and noble character, and who gave to her 
children an excellent rearing. Children 
by second marriage : Alsaide ; Linus Mon- 
roe ; Gideon, died prior to 1889, married 
Sophia Roper, who died March, 1916; 
Mary Smith, who was the widow of Al- 
fred Whiting, died in Worcester in the 
spring of 1904; Charles Morris, of fur- 
ther mention ; Thomas Henry, living at 
Canada Mills, Holden, Massachusetts ; 
Otis Braddock, died prior to 1889 ; Whip- 
ple Burlingame, a resident of Three 
Rivers, Palmer, Massachusetts. 

(VII) Charles Morris Harris, son of 
Henry and Waty (Smith) Harris, was 



born in Providence, Rhode Island, Au- 
gust 3, 1822, and died in Boston, April 
24, 1889. Through his mother he was a 
grandson of Captain Jonathan Smith, of 
Revolutionary fame, who, tradition says, 
stood fully six feet in height and com- 
manded a company each of whom was of 
that or greater stature. Mr. Harris was 
also a descendant of that John Smith, of 
Dorchester, who was banished for his 
divers dangerous opinions, and who re- 
moved from the Alassachusetts Bay 
Colony to Rhode Island at the request of 
Roger Williams, who wanted him as a 
miller, and he was ever afterwards known 
as "Smith the miller." Shortly after his 
birth, the parents of Charles Morris Har- 
ris removed to Scituate, Rhode Island, 
where he was reared. Until he was thir- 
teen years old he attended the common 
schools for eight weeks in summer and a 
like term in winter, and later attended 
two short winter terms, completing his 
schooling when he was fifteen years old. 
From the age of six to that of fourteen 
years his time out of school was given to 
labor in the Richmond Cotton Mills, 
twelve to fourteen hours daily, at the 
pitiful wage of one cent an hour. One 
dollar and a quarter a week was the high- 
est wages he received until he was almost 
of age, when he was paid six dollars and 
fifty cents a week. During this period he 
had gone from the Richmond Mills to the 
Sprague Mills, at Smithfield, Rhode 
Island, thence to the Blackstone Mills, at 
Mendon, Washington, and to Woon- 
socket, Rhode Island, and was thoroughly 
and practically conversant with every de- 
tail of the cotton milling industry, capa- 
ble of conducting every process from the 
handling of the raw material to the final 
finishing of the product. 

In the spring of 1842, when he was 
twenty-two years of age, he engaged in 
thread manufacturing on his own account. 



118 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



in partnership with David S. Wilder. In 
the autumn of the same year they re- 
moved to West Boylston and purchased 
a small mill at Central Village, where 
they began the manufacture of satinet 
warps. They also leased a mill at Lovell- 
ville, in the town of Holden, which they 
also operated in connection with that at 
Central \'illage. In 1845 he became asso- 
ciated with his brothers, Linus Monroe 
and Gideon, and a brother-in-law, Alfred 
Whiting, who had bought the Holt Mill, 
at what was then called Holt's Village, 
but later Harrisville. Under the firm 
name of L. M. Harris & Company, they 
engaged in the manufacture of cotton 
cloth, and built up a thriving business. 
The factory was destroyed by fire about 
185 1, but rebuilding was begun within 
thirty days after the disaster, and in less 
than a year the new factory was in suc- 
cessful operation and with increased 
capacity. In 1857 Mr. Harris bought an 
interest in a cotton mill at Poquonnock, 
Connecticut. His beginning was inaus- 
picious. The first year he lost six thou- 
sand dollars, but he only redoubled his 
effort, and with such success that two 
years later he had made good his loss 
and was worth twelve thousand dollars 
more in addition. Early in i860 he sold 
his Connecticut interests and bought an 
interest in a factory at Savage, Howard 
county, Maryland, where he remained 
nearly two years. In the fall of 1861 he 
returned to the factory of L. M. Harris 
& Company, remaining until 1863. In 
that year he and his brother, Linus M. 
Harris, bought one-half of the stock of 
the West Boylston Manufacturing Com- 
pany at Oakdale. This was then as it is 
to-day one of the most important manu- 
facturing institutions in the State. In 
1814 it received from the Commonwealth 
of Massachusetts a special charter under 
which it was authorized to manufacture 



"cotton and woolen clothes and fine 
wire." On coming into this corporation, 
Mr. Harris became general manager and 
treasurer, and he served as such with 
conspicuous ability for a period of twen- 
ty-six years, which terminated with his 
death. 

Mr. Harris married, on Thanksgiving 
Day, 1848, Emily Dean, born in Sterling, 
Massachusetts, November 9, 1823, died 
August 6, 1892, who was residing in West 
Boylston at the time of her marriage. She 
was a direct descendant of Thomas Dud- 
ley, second governor of the Massachu- 
setts Bay Colony. To Mr. and Mrs. Har- 
ris were born three children: i. Henry 
Francis, of further mention. 2. Charles 
Morris, Jr., for several years prior to his 
father's death superintendent of the West 
Boylston Manufacturing Company Mills ; 
he died November 10, 1892, aged forty 
years, leaving a widow, two sons and 
three daughters. 3. Emily Armilla, died 
March 11, 1892, at the age of thirty-five 
years; she married (first) Lyman P. 
Goodell, by whom she had one son, Ros- 
coe Harris Goodell, who married Helen 
Peabody, daughter of Frederick F. Pea- 
body, of Evanston, Illinois ; she married 
(second) Alonzo R. Wells, and had a son, 
Ray Dean Wells. 

(VIII) Henry Francis Harris, eldest 
child of Charles Morris and Emily (Dean) 
Harris, was born on the family homestead 
in Harrisville, West Boylston, Worcester 
county, Massachusetts, August 19, 1849, 
and died at his home, No. 67 Lincoln 
street, Worcester, Massachusetts, Janu- 
ary 14, 1915. He was a student in the 
East Mountain Institute, South Wood- 
stock, Vermont ; in Worcester and Lan- 
caster academies ; and after a four years' 
course at Tufts College, was graduated 
valedictorian of the class of 1871, the de- 
gree of Bachelor of Arts being conferred 
upon him. He then studied in the Har- 



119 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

vard Law School for six months, and in of the Worcester City Hospital from 
the law office of Hartley Williams in 1896, of the Massachusetts Homeopathic 
Worcester for one year. He then entered Hospital, Worcester Home for Aged 
the Boston University Law School, where Women, Dean Academy, and Worcester 
he was a member of the class of 1873, the Academy until his death, and he also 
first class to be graduated from this insti- served on the school boards of both West 
tution, and was awarded the degree of Boylston and Worcester. He was a mem- 
Bachelor of Laws. While attending the ber of Boylston Lodge, Ancient Free and 
law lectures at the Boston University, he Accepted Masons, and served as master 
was also reading law in the office of John of the lodge, 1889-90; member of Eureka 
A. Loring, of Boston, and was admitted Chapter, Royal Arch Masons, and of 
to the bar of Suffolk county, in Decernber, Worcester Commandery, Knights Tem- 
1873. On January i, 1874, he commenced plar. His interest in art made him an 
the active practice of his profession in active member of the Worcester Art Mu- 
the city of Worcester, having an office seum, and his interest in field sports was 
with Adin Thayer, and then with Mr. exhibited on the links of the Worcester 
Thayer's son, Charles M. Thayer, up to Golf Club, of which he was a member. 
1915, when the law firm of Thayer, Smith Professionally he held membership in the 
& Gaskell was formed, and Mr. Harris Worcester County Bar Association, the 
opened an office on another floor of the Worcester County Alumni Association of 
State Mutual Building. In 1880 he was the Boston University Law School. He 
made assistant treasurer and director of was also a member of the Chamber of 
the West Boylston Manufacturing Com- Commerce of the city of Worcester. He 
pany, first located at West Boylston and was chairman of the board of trustees of 
after 1895 ^t East Hampton. In May, the First Universalist Church of Worces- 
1889, he was elected treasurer, his father ter, at which he was a regular attendant, 
having died, and he held that office for He visited Europe frequently, and his last 
thirty years, until 1909. when his law two trips over the Continent were made 
business demanding more attention he re- in an automobile. 

signed, continuing only as a member of Mr. Harris married, May 17, 1883, 
the board of directors. He was at one Emma Frances Dearborn, daughter of 
time president of the L. M. Harris & William F. and Mary J. (Hurd) Dear- 
Company Manufacturing Company, hav- born, of Worcester, Massachusetts. She 
ing been a director from the time of its was graduated from the Worcester High 
organization in 1890. He was one of the School in the class of 1878, and studied 
busiest men of Worcester and was con- vocal music under Madame Cappiani, and 
nected with many of its financial activ- during her early married years her voice, 
ities, and was counsel for many of its of most excellent quality, was heard in 
banks and trust companies. He was a the Universalist church choir, of which 
director of the Old Worcester Safe De- she was director, and frequently in con- 
posit and Trust Company from 1892, and certs. Children of Mr. and Mrs. Harris: 
at the time of his death was a director of i. Rachel, born in Worcester, Massachu- 
the Worcester Trust Company, a trustee setts, December 11, 1887; was graduated 
of the People's Savings Bank, and from at the Classical High School in the class 
1892 a director of the First National Fire of 1904; she then matriculated at Smith 
Insurance Company. He was a trustee College, class of 1909; she married, Octo- 

120 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ber lo, 1912, James Herbert Johnson, son 
of Edwin and Leah (Warren) Johnson, 
of Worcester, and their daughter, Natalie, 
was born in the family home in Worces- 
ter, June 25, 1913, also a second daughter, 
Priscilla Alden, born August 16, 1915. 2. 
Dorothy Dudley, born in Worcester, 
March 22, 1890 ; after a three years' course 
in the Classical High School, she com- 
pleted her school training at Bradford 
Academy, where she was graduated in 
the class of 1909 ; she married, February 
15, 191 1, Harold Paul Buckingham,, son 
of George Beecher and Abbie (^IcFar- 
land) Buckingham, of Worcester, and 
their daughter, Dorothy Buckingham, 
was born January 4, 1912, and their son, 
W^arren McFarland Buckingham, was 
born July 26, 1913. The family home on 
Lincoln street has been given in memory 
of her late husband by Mrs. Harris to 
the working women of Worcester for a 
club house. It is to be known as the 
Harris Memorial Club House and is a 
fitting tribute to a useful and noble life. 



CODDING, Charles Bradford, 

Business Man. 

Charles Bradford Codding was born at 
Campbell, near Brockton, in Massachu- 
setts, May 7, 1844. His father, a cabinet- 
maker of excellent reputation, married 
Ruth Chase, of that vicinity, and when 
Charles B. was still a child the small 
family moved to Taunton, where he was 
educated at the public schools. After 
being graduated from the Taunton High 
School, young Charles B., at the age of 
nineteen, went to Boston, where he 
started his business career, working up 
from the lowest step of the ladder to the 
head of the firm in the business he repre- 
sented. He began his experiences at the 
wholesale boot and shoe house of Winch 
Brothers, on Milk street, which at that 



time was situated on the site where the 
present post office building is now located. 
Through his integrity and honest energy 
he rapidly rose to the place of bookkeeper, 
then traveling salesman in the districts 
of Massachusetts and New York, and 
later on to one of the chief buyers of the 
house. At the age of thirty he married 
Mary E. Smith, of Bangor, Maine, de- 
scendant of the Abbott Lawrence family, 
who proved to be an efficient encourager 
in his enterprises. 

In 1876 Air. Hosmer, who had mean- 
while become a member of the firm of 
Winch Brothers, withdrew his interests, 
forming a new establishment, with Mr. 
Codding and two others of the younger 
men of the house, known as the firm of 
Hosmer, Codding & Company. After 
some years of successful outcome, Mr. 
Hosmer retired, leaving Mr. Codding as 
the financial manager of the house. In 
1898 the business was incorporated, plac- 
ing Mr. Codding at its head as manager 
and treasurer. From then on it developed 
to such an extent that its quarters on 
Federal street needed the additional space 
in the adjoining building, which was ac- 
cordingly annexed for that purpose. On 
account of the efficiency, steadfastness 
and honest principles, Mr. Codding's 
career as a business man stands out as an 
example to all young men wishing to pur- 
sue that course of training, for from hav- 
ing started at the lowest place in a large 
business concern, he earned his way, step 
by step, up to the very highest place, giv- 
ing the best of forty-four years of his life 
to establish a flourishing business of his 
own, and revealing a character deserving 
much merit. He had become affiliated 
with hundreds of shoe dealers, from all 
parts of the country, and reaped the re- 
spect and confidence of a wide circle of 
business friends and social acquaintances. 
His unostentatiousness in regard to the 



121 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



many instances where he lent a helping 
hand was a beautiful trait of character, 
which fittingly blended with his simple 
and pure domestic life, and his great love 
for all that was beautiful in art and nature. 
Mr. Codding was a member of the Ma- 
sonic fraternity, of the Knights Templar, 
the Oxford Club of Lynn, the city where 
he made his home, besides being an active 
member of the various organizations con- 
nected with the boot and shoe trade of 
America, in all of which he was looked 
up to with the highest esteem. After a 
short and serious illness. Mr. Codding 
died at his home on April 2, 1904, leaving 
a widow to survive him,. 



DWINNELL, Major Benjamin D., 

Banker, Veteran of Civil War. 

Tradition differs as to the origin of this 
family, some saying it was Scotch, and 
others French Huguenot. One branch of 
the family has supposed that the Dwinells 
came from France, where a Count Dwinell 
was settled near La Rochelle. The spell- 
ing of the surname has always varied. 
Even at the present day we find his de- 
scendants called Dwinell, Dwinnell and 
Dwinel. The surname as written in the 
town records of Topsfield, where the pio- 
neer settled, has the following variations: 
Dewnell, Duenell, Doenell, Donell, Dun- 
ell, Dwinnill. But the best authority is 
that of Rev. Joseph Capen, of Topsfield, 
who spelled the name Dwinell on his 
records from 1684 to 1725. The name 
Michael was also spelled in divers ways. 
(I) Michael Dwinell was born about 
1640, and appears in Topsfield, Massachu- 
setts, where he died about 1717, his will 
being proved in March of that year. He 
was possessed of considerable property, 
owning land in Wenham and Middle- 
town. Very little can be discovered in 
the records concerning him. His wife's 



name was Mary, and they had children : 
Mary, born 1668, married John Hovey; 
Michael, mentioned below ; Thomas, born 
November, 1672, married Dinah Brims- 
dell; John, 1674, married Mary Read; 
Elizabeth, April, 1677, died October 29, 
1759, unmarried; Magdalen, 1679, mar- 
ried James Holgate, March, 1703, at 
Salem, Massachusetts ; Joseph, January, 
1682, married Prudence ; Susan- 
nah, 1685, married Killum, before 

1710; Johanna, 1688, married Nathaniel 
Hood, of Lynn, October 16, 1706. 

(II) Dr. Michael (2) Dwinell, eldest 
son of Michael (i) and Mary Dwinell, 
was born December 5, 1670, in Topsfield, 
and died there December 24, 1761, aged 
ninety-one years. He was the first physi- 
cian in the town of Topsfield, and was 
many years a prominent citizen of that 
town. It is impossible to learn where he 
prepared for practice, but it was un- 
doubtedly with some other physician in 
that vicinity. He had five wives, the bap- 
tismal name of the first being Hannah, 
which is all that is preserved concerning 
her. He married (second) December 20, 
1724, Elizabeth Fisk, born September 15, 
1704, in Wenham, Massachusetts, daugh- 
ter of Joseph and Sarah (Warner) Fisk, 
died March 26, 1730. He married (third) 
Elizabeth Cave, who died in February, 
1737. He married (fourth) July 6, 1737, 
in Salem, Charity Cotton, who died No- 
vember 8, 1752. He married (fifth) Feb- 
ruary I, 1753, Widow Mary Balch. His 
will dated July 17, 1753, mentions wife 
Mary ; sons Michael, Stephen, Jacob ; 
daughters Sarah Foster, Mary, Hannah 
and Abigail Dwinell, and granddaughter 
Esther, wife of David Balch. Children of 
the first marriage : Thomas, born October 
3, 1693. married Mary Perkins; Sarah, 
1694, married Abram Foster, of Ipswich; 
Mary, 1702; Michael, mentioned below; 
Stephen, 1708. married Abigail Harris; 
22 




/IxQ' 




THE fiE^' '^^' ' 
IPUBLIC UBP.A'^ 






ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Hannah, 1710, married John Bower; 
Jacob, 1715, married Keziah Gould; Abi- 
gail, 1719, married Humphrey Deering; 
children of the second marriage: Benja- 
min, born November, 1726, married Mary 
Este ; Thomas, August, 1729; children of 
the third marriage: Samuel, born 1731 ; 
Elizabeth, October, 1733. 

(HI) Michael (3) Dwinell, second son 
of Dr. Michael (2) and Hannah Dwinell, 
was born January 7, 1706, in Topsfield, 
and died while a soldier of the French 
and Indian War, in 1755. He was one of 
the four men from Topsfield in that war. 
He married, September 2j, 1727, in Salem, 
Lucy Towne, of Topsfield, who died April 
15, 1764, "an aged woman." Children: 
Bartholomew, mentioned below ; Lucy, 
born March 28, 1730, married William 
Moneys; a child, died August 3, 1731 ; 
Hannah, born February 17, 1732, married 
James Meragin, of Marblehead ; Michael, 
January 6, 1735, married Martha Averill ; 
a child, died 1739. 

(IV) Bartholomew Dwinell, eldest child 
of Michael (3) and Lucy (Towne) Dwin- 
ell, was born August 5, 1728, in Topsfield, 
and baptized in the church there, October 
24, 1736. He was an early settler in 
Keene, New Hampshire, where he was a 
farmer, and died November 21, 1801. He 
married in Wenham, March 19, 1752, 
Sarah Moulton, born there January 5, 
1733, daughter of John and Hannah (Kil- 
lain) Moulton, of that town, died 1822, in 
Keene. Children : Hannah, born October 
29, 1753, married William Towne, 1777; 
Michael, November 28, 1755, died 1755; 
Sarah, September, 1757; Lucy, January, 
1760; Bartholomew, March, 1762, married 
Rebecca Towne; xA^nna, December, 1763, 
married Ezekiel Graves ; Huldah, March 
17, 1768, married Jonathan French, June, 
1787; Lydia, September 8, 1769, married 
Israel Hill, June, 1789; Michael, men- 
tioned below. 

(V) Michael (4) Dwinnell, third son of 



Bartholomew and Sarah (Moulton) Dwin- 
ell, was born November 12, 1771, in Tops- 
field, and was a child of about twelve 
years when he went with his parents to 
Keene, New Hampshire. He removed 
from Keene to Charlestown, New Hamp- 
shire, where he died. He married (first) 
Lydia Towne, born March 24, 1775, in 
Rindge, New Hampshire, daughter of 
Francis and Phebe (Towne) Towne, of 
Rindge. He married a second wife in 
Charlestown. Children of the first mar- 
riage : Francis, mentioned below ; Polly, 
born 1800, married Lorin Morse; Har- 
riet, 1801, married Sawyer; Lydia, 

1803, married Powers; Candace, 

1806 ; Clarissa, 1810, married Stew- 
art ; Clarinda, unmarried; Thursa, died 
unmarried ; children by the second mar- 
riage : Warren, and a daughter Sally. 

(VI) Francis Dwinnell, eldest child of 
Michael (4) and Lydia (Towne) Dwin- 
nell, was born July 26, 1798, in Keene, 
and grew up on his father's farm in his 
native town, attending the district schools 
adjacent to his home. He became a farmer 
in Charlestown and died in that town, in 
October, 1843. He married, August 26, 
1821, Nancy Tarbell, of Walpole, New 
Hampshire. Children: i. EHthea Dud- 
ley, born November 18, 1822, married 
Abram Downer Hull, October 24, 1848; 
died June 16, 1852. 2. Martha Ann Jud- 
son, born January 17, 1829, married Amos 
Leander Doane, April 2, 1850, of Worces- 
ter, Massachusetts. 3. Rebecca Dean, 
born January 28, 1832, died October 5, 
1848. 4. Benjamin Dudley, mentioned be- 
low. 5. William Tarbell, born August 25, 
1836, married (first) Margaret Elizabeth 
Auld, February 18, i860 ; she died Febru- 
ary 17, 1874; married (second) Agnes 
Louise Greenman, November 3, 1874; she 
died May 2, 1894; married (third) Mar- 
tha Elizabeth Long, June 4, 1895 ; he died 
in March, 1914, in Mulhall, Oklahoma. 

(VII) Benjamin Dudley Dwinnell, eld- 



123 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



est son of Francis and Nancy (Tarbell) 
Dwinnell, was born September 14. 1834, 
in Charlestown, New Hampshire, and re- 
ceived his early education in the public 
schools there. After spending one year 
in a printing office in Claremont, New 
Hampshire, he settled in Worcester, Mas- 
sachusetts, where he began his career as 
clerk in the hardware store of C. Foster 
& Company. The outbreak of the Civil 
War aroused his patriotic sentiments and 
he enlisted in 1862 in the Fifty-first Mas- 
sachusetts Regiment, of which he became 
quartermaster, receiving his commission 
'rom Governor Andrew with the rank of 
first lieutenant. At the expiration of the 
first term of enlistment, he became first 
lieutenant and quartermaster in the Sec- 
ond Regiment Massachusetts Heavy Ar- 
tillery in 1864, of which General A. B. 
R. Sprague was then lieutenant-colonel. 
This regiment saw active service in Vir- 
ginia and North Carolina, and Lieutenant 
Dwinnell was brevetted major, a title by 
which he was thereafter known. He was 
mustered out of the service in September, 
1865, and immediately engaged in the 
lumber and turpentine trade in the South, 
where he continued several years. Re- 
turning to Worcester he became assistant 
postmaster of the city under General 
Josiah Pickett, and in 1875 ^^'^^ appointed 
jailer and master of the House of Correc- 
tion at Fitchburg. For thirty-nine years 
he continued in this responsible position 
under various succeeding sheriffs, and 
was very popular with the county officers, 
and administered the institution to the 
satisfaction of the community. In 1908 
he was appointed sheriflf of Worcester 
county to fill the unexpired term of Gen- 
eral Robert H. Chamberlain, resigned, 
and the following year was elected sheriff 
of Worcester county for a term of five 
years, and has continued to fill that posi- 
tion to the present time. He has also 



served as a member of the City Council 
of Fitchburg for two years. Politically 
he has always been a Republican. He is 
a director of the Worcester Mutual Fire 
Insurance Company of Worcester, and of 
the Burbank Flospital of Fitchburg, and a 
trustee of the Fitchburg Savings Bank. 
He is a member of the Loyal Legion, and 
of E. V. Sumner Post, No. 19, Grand 
Army of the Republic, at Fitchburg ; and 
is prominent in the Masonic fraternity, 
being a member of the Morning Star 
Lodge, of Worcester; Thomas Chapter, 
Royal Arch Masons, and Jerusalem Com- 
mandery. Knights Templar, of Fitchburg. 
He is a faithful attendant of divine wor- 
ship at the First Baptist Church. 

He married, December 19, 1861, Ellen 
Adelaide Shepard, daughter of Russell 
Rice and Sarah ( Hill) Shepard, of Wor- 
cester. She died in Fitchburg, January 
30, 191 1. Children: i. Florence Russell, 
born January 12, 1864, married, June 29, 
1892, John Herbert Daniels, of Fitchburg, 
and has children : Ellen Shepherd, born 
June 10. 1893; George Eaton, May 17, 
1896; Florence Dwinnell, November 15, 
1900. 2. Josephine Hill, born May 19, 
1870, died March 2^, 1871. 3. Clifton 
Howard, born March 13, 1873; a gradu- 
ate of the Worcester School of Tech- 
nology ; is now first vice-president of the 
First National Bank of Boston ; he mar- 
ried Elisabeth Adamson Marshall, daugh- 
ter of John Knox Marshall, of Brookline, 
^Massachusetts, and has children: Sabina 
Adamson, born August 11, 1903; Clifton 
Howard, October 12, 1905 ; Marshall, Sep- 
tember 28, 1907 ; Elisabeth, March 24, 
191 1. 4. Irving Francis, born February 3, 
1877 ; three years a student at the Worces- 
ter School of Technology ; is now second 
assistant clerk of Courts of Worcester 
County; he married, March 11. 191 1, 
Stella Anna Woodward, daughter of Fred- 
erick Francis Woodward, of Fitchburg. 



124 




c If ^,, ■-- a; iry ,, ,? ^ i j,:j^'.-i Ci A'.l - 




ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



LONG, John D., name was withdrawn. At the convention 

Statesman. Cabinet Official. '" ^^"^ following year he received two hun- 

dred and six votes for the gubernatorial 
John Davis Long was born October 27, nomination, not sufficient to make him a 
1838, in Buckfield, Oxford county, Maine, candidate, and he was presented for the 
and is the only surviving child of Zadoc lieutenant-governorship, to which he was 

elected. In 1879 he was elected Gov- 
ernor, to succeed Governor Talbot, his 
principal opponent being General Benja- 
min F. Butler, with John Quincy Adams 
and the Rev. Dr. Eddy as minor political 
adversaries. In 1880 he was the unani- 
mous choice of the convention for re- 
nomination, and at the election he re- 
ceived a vote unprecedented in a guber- 
natorial contest in Massachusetts in any 



and Julia Temple (Davis) Long. His 
father was a native of Massachusetts, 
who removed to Maine. He was de- 
scended from James Long, an early set- 
tler in North Carolina (died 1682). Miles 
Long, of the fifth generation, grandfather 
of John D. Long, born in North Carolina, 
removed to Massachusetts. 

John Davis Long acquired his earlier 
literary education in the public schools 
and the academy at Hebron, Maine, in other than a presidential election year. 



the latter fitting for college under the 
instruction of the principal, Mark H. 
Dunnell, afterward a member of Con- 
gress from Minnesota. He entered Har- 
vard College, and was graduated A. B. 
in 1857, second in his class, and author 
of the class ode which was sung at com- 
mencement. For two years after leaving 



He was again elected, and served in all 
three years. In 1884 he became a mem- 
ber of Congress, and by reelections served 
in the Forty-eighth to the Fiftieth Con- 
gresses, then declining further renomina- 
tion, and returning to his law practice. 
In Congress he was one of the strongest 
figures on the Republican side, serving 
college he served acceptably as principal on various important committees, and in 
of Westford Academy. He then entered every station exhibiting the highest qual- 



the Harvard Law School, also studying 
in the office of Sidney Bartlett and Peleg 
W. Chandler, of the Boston bar. He was 
admitted to the bar in 1861, and at once 
entered upon practice in Buckfield, Maine. 
Six months later he removed to Boston, 
and formed a law partnership with Still- 
man B. Allen. Later he was associated 
with Alfred Hemenway. Soon after en- 
tering upon practice, he took up his resi- 
dence in Hingham,, where he still lives. 

In 1875 Mr. Long was elected to the 
General Court from the Second Plymouth 
District, and was three times reelected; 
during the legislative sessions of 1876-77- 
79 he was speaker of the house, being the 
unanimous choice of that body in his sec- 
ond term. In 1877, at the Republican 
State Convention in Worcester, he was 
mentioned for the governorship, but his 



ities of leadership. He also exercised a 
potent influence in various conventions of 
his party, both State and national. 

Mr. Long was called to the cabinet of 
President McKinley as Secretary of the 
Navy, immediately following the inaugu- 
ration of that great executive, and was 
retained in that capacity by President 
Roosevelt, serving from March 6, 1897, 
until May i, 1902, when he resigned and 
returned to his law practice, in which he 
still continues as a member of the law 
firm of Long & Hemenway, Boston. 
Since leaving the cabinet, he has not been 
occupied with public duties except as 
they pertained to his immediate commun- 
ity. For several years he was a member 
of the Massachusetts State House Con- 
struction Commission. He is president 
of the board of overseers of Harvard Col- 



125 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



lege, a member of the Massachusetts His- 
torical Society, a fellow of the American 
Academy of Arts and Sciences, and presi- 
dent of the Massachusetts Total Absti- 
nence Society. In 1901 he presented to 
the town of Buckfield, Maine, the Zadoc 
Long Free Library, as a memorial of his 
father. He received the degree of Doctor 
of Laws from Harvard University in 
1880, and from Tufts College in 1902. 

"As a man of letters," says a recent 
biographer, "Governor Long has achieved 
a reputation. Some years ago he pro- 
duced a scholarly translation in blank 
verse of Virgil's 'Aeneid,' published in 
Boston in 1879. ^^ ^^s found many ad- 
mirers. Among his other literary pro- 
ductions may be mentioned his 'After- 
Dinner and Other Speeches,' 'The Repub- 
lican Party, Its History, Principles and 
Policies,' and 'The New American Navy,' 
the latter in two volumes. His inaugural 
addresses were masterpieces of art, and 
the same may be said of his speeches on 
the floor of Congress, all of them polished, 
forceful, and to the point. * * * Mr. 
Long is a very fluent speaker, and, with- 
out oratorical display, always succeeds in 
winning the attention of his auditors. It 
is what he says, more than how he says 
it, that has won for him his great popu- 
larity on the platform. * * Amid pro- 
fessional and official duties, he has also 
written several poems and essays which 
reflect credit upon his heart and brain." 

Mr. Long married (first) September 
13, 1870, Mary (Woodward) Glover, born 
in Roxbury, June 25, 1849, died in Bos- 
ton, February 16, 1882. He married (sec- 
ond) May 22, 1885, Agnes Peirce, born at 
North Attleboro, January 3, i860. 



MEYER, George von Lengerke, 

Cabinet Official, Diplomatist. 

George von Lengerke Meyer, whose 
distinction it has been to hold two port- 



folios in the cabinets of two presidents, 
and to also discharge an important diplo- 
matic mission, was born in Boston, Mas- 
sachusetts, June 24, 1858, son of George 
Augustus and Grace Ellen (Parker) 
Meyer. His father, a native of New York 
City, was a prominent merchant of Bos- 
ton ; his mother was a daughter of Wil- 
liam Parker, of Boston, and a grand- 
daughter of Bishop Samuel Parker, of the 
P'rotestant Episcopal diocese of Massa- 
chusetts. 

He began his education in private 
schools in his native city, then entering 
Harvard College, from which he was 
graduated in 1879. Thereafter for two 
years he was engaged in the office of 
Alpheus H. Hardy, commission merchant, 
and then became a member of the firm of 
Linder & Meyer, East India merchants, 
established by his father in 1848. His 
business activities became many, as presi- 
dent of the Ames Plow Company, of the 
New England Electric Transportation 
Company and of the Essex Agricultural 
Society ; as director of the Old Colony 
Trust Company, the National Bank of 
Commerce, the Amoskeag Manufacturing 
Company, the Amory Manufacturing 
Company, and the Electric Corporation ; 
also as treasurer of the Boston Lying-in 
Hospital. With most of these his active 
interest ceased in 1899. 

His connection with public affairs be- 
gan in 1889, when as a Republican he was 
elected to the common council of Boston 
for a term of two years, and in which he 
served on the committees on finance, 
water, laying out and widening streets, 
and on the Charles river bridges. In 
1891 he was an alderman from the Fourth 
District of Boston. He was successively 
elected five times to the Massachusetts 
Flouse of Representatives, serving for one 
year as chairman of the committee on 
railroads, and being elected speaker in 
three consecutive years. In 1898 he was 



126 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



made chairman of the Massachusetts 
board of managers connected with the 
Paris Exposition. From 1898 to 1904 he 
was a member of the Republican National 
Committee. Under appointment by Presi- 
dent AIcKinley he served as Ambassador 
Extraordinary and Minister to Italy, 
1900-1905. In the latter year he was sent 
to Russia in the same capacity by Presi- 
dent Roosevelt, who recalled him in 1907 
to take the position of Postmaster-Gen- 
eral, and which he retained until the close 
of the Roosevelt administration. On the 
accession of President Taft, Mr. Meyer 
was appointed Secretary of the Navy, 
from which position he retired with his 
chief on the election of President Wilson. 
Mr. Meyer has been an overseer of 
Harvard University since 191 1, in which 
year he received from that institution the 
honorary degree of Doctor of Laws. He 
is a member of the Athletic, Botolph and 
Somerset clubs of Boston. He was mar- 
ried, in 1885, to Alice, daughter of Charles 
H. Appleton, of Boston. 



GREEN, Samuel Swett, 

Litterateur. 

Samuel Swett Green, of great literary 
activity, was born in Worcester, Massa- 
chusetts, February 20, 1837. He is a son 
of the late Dr. James Green, of Worces- 
ter, and a nephew of Dr. John Green, the 
principal founder of the Free Public Li- 
brary of Worcester. He is descended 
from Thomas Green, who came to this 
country early in the seventeenth century. 
Mr. Green's mother was Elizabeth Green, 
daughter of Samuel Swett, of Boston and 
Dedham. Through her mother, a daugh- 
ter of Dr. John Sprague, of Boston, she 
was descended from Ralph Sprague, who 
came to Charlestown in 1629, from Up- 
way. Devonshire, England. Through his 
great-great-grandfather, General Timo- 



thy Ruggles, Mr. Green is also descended 
from Rev. John Woodbridge, one of the 
earliest settlers of Newbury, and from 
Mr. Woodbridge's wife's father, Thomas 
Dudley, the second governor of the colony 
of Massachusetts Bay. Rev. John Wood- 
bridge was the brother of Rev. Dr. Ben- 
jamin Woodbridge, whose name stands 
first on the list of graduates of Harvard 
College. Through the same ancestor, Mr. 
Green is descended from John Tilley, his 
wife and his daughter, Elizabeth, wife of 
John Howland. These four ancestors 
came to this country in the "Mayflower." 
The first school attended by Samuel S. 
Green was that of Mrs. Levi Heywood, 
at Worcester ; later he was taught by the 
late Mrs. Sarah B. Wood, then passing to 
the public grammar school under the 
charge of Mr. Caleb B. Metcalf. Going 
next to the high school, where he gradu- 
ated in 1854, he entered Harvard College. 
Among his classmates there were two 
other graduates of the Worcester High 
School — Eugene Frederick Bliss, for most 
of his life a citizen of Cincinnati, Ohio ; 
and Lieutenant Thomas Jefferson Spurr, 
who was mortally wounded at the battle 
of Antietam. Mr. Green graduated from 
Harvard College in 1858. In the early 
part of the summer of 1859 he sailed from 
Boston for Smyrna, and before returning 
home in the same vessel visited Constan- 
tinople. Remaining two years in Worces- 
ter on account of ill-health, he resumed 
his studies at Harvard University in the 
autumn of 1861. and. graduated from the 
Divinity School in 1864. He visited 
Europe again in 1877, 1902, 1904 and 1906, 
and added in 1905 to extensive travels 
previously made in this country, a visit 
to Alaska. During the Civil War and 
while in the Divinity School, Mr. Green 
was drafted for service in the army, but 
was debarred from entering it by delicate 
health. He took the degree of Master of 



127 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Arts at Harvard University in 1870, and 
June 28, 1877, was chosen an honorary 
member of the Phi Beta Kappa society by 
the chapter of the order connected with 
the same university. In 1864 Mr. Green 
became bookkeeper in the Mechanics' Na- 
tional Bank of Worcester, and later was 
teller in the Worcester National Bank, 
which latter position he held for several 
years. He was offered the position of 
cashier of the Citizens' National Bank, to 
succeed the late Air. John C. Ripley, but 
declined it ; as he also declined a place in 
the Worcester County Institution for 
Savings. 

Mr. Green became a director of the 
Free Public Library, January i, 1867, and 
four years later became librarian, which 
position he held until 1909, when he was 
made librarian emeritus. The library 
grew rapidly in size and use under his 
care. A feature is the remarkably large 
proportion of books that are employed 
for study and purposes of reference. Mr. 
Green is regarded as an authority among 
librarians in respect to matters relating 
to the use of libraries as popular educa- 
tional institutions, and the establishment 
of close relations between libraries and 
schools. He was a pioneer in the work 
of bringing about inter-library loans and 
in a large use of photographs and engrav- 
ings in supplementing the value of books. 
He set the example of having, in a library, 
talks about books on specified subjects, 
and conducted interesting experiments in 
bringing the users of the circulating de- 
partment and the children's room under 
the influence of the best works of art. 

Mr. Green was one of the founders of 
the American Library x'\ssociation, of 
which he is a life fellow. He was 
for several years chairman of the finance 
committee of that body, and its vice- 
president for 1887-89 and 1892-93. In 
1891 he was chosen president of the 



association, and presided at the annual 
meeting held that year in San Francisco. 
He was in 1896 the first president of the 
council. He is an original fellow of the 
Library Institute, founded in 1905, an 
organization composed of a limited num- 
ber of the most distinguished librarians 
of the country. Mr. Green was a dele- 
gate of the American Library Association 
to the International Congress of Libra- 
rians held in London in October, 1877, 
was a member of the council of that body, 
and took an active part in the discussions 
carried on in its meetings. Before the 
close of the Congress, the Library Asso- 
ciation of the United Kingdom was 
formed, of which Mr. Green was chosen 
an honorary member in July, 1878. He 
presided for a day over the W'orld's Con- 
gress of Librarians held in Chicago in 
1903, and at a meeting of the American 
Library Association held at Chicago Uni- 
versity the same year. Mr. Green was a 
vice-president of the International Con- 
gress of Librarians held in London in 
1897. In 1890 he was appointed by the 
Governor of Massachusetts an original 
member of the Free Public Commission 
of the Commonwealth, and was reap- 
pointed in 1894, 1899 and 1904. Mr. 
Green was one of the founders and the 
original first vice-president of the Massa- 
chusetts Library Club. He was for many 
years a member of the committee of the 
overseers of Harvard University to make 
an annual examination of the library of 
the university, occupied a similar posi- 
tion in connection with the Boston Pub- 
lic Library for a single year, and began 
in 1887 to deliver annual courses of lec- 
tures as lecturer on "Public Libraries as 
Popular Educational Institutions' to the 
students of the School of Library Econ- 
omy connected with Columbia College, 
New York City. He also lectured at the 
Library School after it became an institu- 

128 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tion of the State of New York, and was 
chosen a member of a committee to ex- 
amine the school in both places. 

As librarian of the Free Public Library, 
Mr. Green gained for himself and his 
library a wide reputation. In "The 
Worcester of 1898" it is said of him that 
"his purpose has been from the first to 
make the Public Library an instrument 
for popular education and a practical 
power in the community." To this end 
he has written and spoken much during 
the past twenty-five years, and his efforts 
and advice have influenced in no slight 
degree library methods and administra- 
tion throughout the United States. The 
library methods of Worcester have been 
studied in the Department of the Seine, 
in which the city of Paris is situated ; and 
Mr. Green's advice has been sought by 
the Educational Department of the Eng- 
lish government. The Free Public Li- 
brary of Worcester has also been de- 
scribed at great length by a German 
scholar as an example worthy to be fol- 
lowed in that country, in advocating the 
introduction of popular libraries, such as 
we have in the United States, into Ger- 
many. There is a picture of the interior 
of the children's room of the Free Public 
Library in a recent Danish pamphlet writ- 
ten by Andr. Sch. Sternberg, of the Free 
Public Library Commission of Denmark." 
Mr. Green was chosen a fellow of the 
Royal Historical Society of Great Britain, 
May 8, 1879, and on April 28, 1880, a 
member of the American Antiquarian So- 
ciety. Since October 22, 1883, he has 
been a member of the council of the lat- 
ter organization. He was also elected a 
member of the American Historical Asso- 
ciation immediately after its formation. 
He was an early member of the Colonial 
Society of Massachusetts and of the 
American organization known as the De- 
scendants of Colonial Governors. Mr. 



Green is a life member of the New Eng- 
land Historic-Genealogical Society, and 
was for several years a member of the 
Archaeological Institute of America, and 
of the committee on the School for Class- 
ical Studies at Rome. He is a correspond- 
ing member of the National Geographical 
Society and of the Historical Society of 
Wisconsin. He is a member of the 
Bunker Hill Monument Association, and 
for several years was a fellow of the 
American Geographical Society, and a 
member of the American Social Science 
Association. He has been a manager of 
the Sons of the Revolution, and was a 
charter member and the first lieutenant- 
governor of the Society of Colonial Wars 
in Massachusetts, presiding at its first 
general court and the dinner which fol- 
lowed it. Mr. Green is a member of the 
Society of Mayflower Descendants, and 
of the Old Planters' Society. He has been 
a member of the ITniversity Club, Boston, 
from, its organization, and was an original 
member of the Worcester Club, the St. 
Wulstan Society, and the Worcester Eco- 
nomic Club. He is also a member of the 
old organization, the Worcester Associa- 
tion for Mutual Aid in Detecting Thieves. 
October 12, 1882, Mr. Green was chosen 
a member of the board of trustees of 
Leicester Academy, to fill the vacancy 
caused by the resignation of Rev. Edward 
H. Hall, on his removal from Worcester 
to Cambridge. In 1886 he assisted in the 
formation of the W' orcester High School 
Association, and was chosen its first pres- 
ident, and reelected to the same position 
in 1887. In the summer of 1886 he was 
chosen president of the Worcester Indian 
Association and held the office for two 
years. 

Mr. Green has been president of the 
Worcester Art Society. He was a mem- 
ber of a committee of three asked by the 
late Mr. Salisburv to consult with him 



MASS-Vol III— 9 



I2Q 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



about arrangements for founding the 
Worcester Art Museum, and to aid him 
in the choice of the list of corporators. 
When the museum was organized, he was 
offered a position as trustee, but declined 
to accept it. Mr. Green has been, from 
the beginning of the organization, secre- 
tary of the Art Commission of the St. 
Wulstan Society. He has been very in- 
fluential in promoting interest in the fine 
arts in Worcester by means of exhibitions 
which he started in the Public Library 
building, and by the installation in the 
library of a large collection of the best 
photographs of the old and more modern 
masterpieces in painting and sculpture. 

Mr. Green was also, at two different 
times and for several years, treasurer of 
the Worcester Natural History Society, 
and for many years a trustee of the 
Worcester County Institution for Sav- 
ings. In 1903 Mr. Green was made sec- 
ond vice-president of the Worcester Har- 
vard Club (which not long before he had 
helped to form) ; and in 1904, first vice- 
president. For several years he has been 
a member of the corporation for the ad- 
ministration of the Home for Aged Men. 
Mr. Green formerly wrote constantly for 
the "Library Journal," sending an article 
to the first number, and has made many 
contributions to the proceedings of the 
American Antiquarian Society. He has 
also written papers for the "American 
Journal of Social Science," the "Sunday 
Review" of London, and other period- 
icals. Two books by him were published 
by the late Frederick Leypoldt, of New 
York, namely, "Library Aids," and "Li- 
braries and Schools." Both were printed 
in 1883. The former work, in a less com- 
plete form, had been previously issued by 
the United States Bureau of Education 
as a circular of information. At the re- 
quest of the secretary of the Board of 
Education of Massachusetts, Mr. Green 



wrote an appendix to his forty-eighth 
annual report on "Public Libraries and 
Schools," which was afterwards printed 
as a separate pamphlet. A paper by him 
on "The use of pictures in the public libra- 
ries of Massachusetts" was printed as an 
appendix to the eighth report of the Free 
Public Library Commission of Massachu- 
setts. Mr. Green has made many ad- 
dresses and read a number of papers on 
library and other subjects. Among the 
earliest of these are "Personal Relations 
Between Librarians and Readers," a paper 
which was presented to a meeting of libra- 
rians who cam.e together in Philadelphia 
in October, 1876, and formed the Amer- 
ican Library Association (of this paper 
two editions have been printed and ex- 
hausted). It was made the subject of 
editorials in several Boston and New 
York newspapers, and the plans of con- 
ducting a library, described in it, were 
regarded at the time of its appearance as 
novel and admirable: "Sensational Fic- 
tion in Public Libraries," a paper read 
July I, 1879, ^t one of the sessions of the 
meetings of the American Library Asso- 
ciation, held in Boston that year (this 
paper was also printed in pamphlet form 
and widely distributed) ; "The Relations 
of the Public Library to the Public 
Schools," a paper read before the Amer- 
ican Social Science Association, at Sara- 
toga, in September, 1880 (this address 
was printed in the form of a pamphlet, 
and has been widely read and very influ- 
ential in awakening an interest in work 
similar to that described in it, in America 
and abroad); papers and an address on 
subjects similar to the one last men- 
tioned, read or delivered at meetings of 
the American Library Association in Cin- 
cinnati and Bufifalo, at Round Island, one 
of the Thousand Isles in the St. Law- 
rence river, in San Francisco, and at a 
meeting of the Library Section of the Na- 



130 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tional Educational Association, at a m.eet- 
ing in Washington. Other important 
papers by Mr. Green on questions in 
library economy are "The Library in its 
relation to persons engaged in industrial 
pursuits ;" "Opening Libraries on Sun- 
day ;" "The duties of trustees and their 
relations to librarians ;" "Address as Pres- 
ident of the American Library Associa- 
tion ;" "Inter-library loans in reference 
work :" "Adaptation of libraries to consti- 
tuencies," printed in vol. i. of the report 
of the United States Commissioner of 
Education for 1892-93; "How to encour- 
age the foundation of libraries in small 
towns ;■' and three closely connected 
papers entitled "Discrimination regard- 
ing 'open shelves' in libraries," "What 
classes of persons, if any, should have 
access to the shelves in large libraries" 
and "Lead us not into temptation." Ad- 
dresses have been printed in pamphlet 
form that were made at the opening of 
library buildings in Newark, New Jersey, 
Rindge, New Hampshire, North Brook- 
field and Oxford, Massachusetts (the ad- 
dress of welcome at the dedication in 1904 
of the building of Clark University Li- 
brary was printed in the "Publications" 
of the library). He made remarks at the 
Library School in Albany and in two or 
three Massachusetts towns favoring the 
ptirchase of books for grown-up immi- 
grants in the languages to which they 
have been accustomed. He wrote "A 
History of the Public Libraries of 
Worcester" for the "Worcester of 1898," 
and earlier for Hurd's "History of 
Worcester County." He was chairman of 
a committee to supervise the portion of 
that history relating to the town and city 
of Worcester. 

The first account of the methods in- 
troduced by Mr. Green in the conduct of 
the Free Public Library in Worcester, 
which was printed in form, was presented 



as an appendix to his annual report as 
librarian for the year 1874-75, copies of 
which were sent to the Exposition in 
Philadelphia in 1876. It was afterwards 
reprinted at the request of the directors 
of the Free Public Library for distribu- 
tion. In the fourth report of the Free 
Public Library Commission of Massachu- 
setts, Mr. Green wrote on "Libraries and 
Schools," in the fifth report, on "Loaning 
reference books to small libraries," in the 
seventh report, "On the use of libraries 
by children," and, as stated above, in the 
eighth report, "On the use of pictures in 
libraries." He also wrote portions of the 
reports of the Free Public Library of 
Worcester, while a director, and has writ- 
ten nearly the whole of the reports (ex- 
cepting the presidents' reports) while 
librarian. He wrote sketches of the lives 
of such librarians as William Frederick 
Poole and John Fiske for the American 
Antiquarian Society's proceedings. The 
more elaborate historical papers which 
have been prepared by Mr. Green are: 
"Gleanings from the Sources of the His- 
tory of the Second Parish, Worcester, 
Massachusetts,'' read at a meeting of the 
American Antiquarian Society, held in 
Boston, April 25, 1883, and "The Use of 
the Voluntary System in the Maintenance 
of Ministers in the Colonies of Plymouth 
and Massachusetts Bay during the earlier 
years of their existence," an essay which 
formed the historical portion of the re- 
port of the council of the American Anti- 
quarian Society, which Mr. Green pre- 
sented to that society at its meeting in 
Boston, April 28, 1886. Both of these 
papers have been printed in a form, sepa- 
rate from the proceedings of the society 
for which they were written. The latter 
was highly praised by the distinguished 
student of early ecclesiastical history in 
Massachusetts, the late Rev. Dr. Henry 
Martyn Dexter. Other interesting and 



131 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



valuable historical papers by Mr. Green 
are "Bathsheba Spooiier," "The Scotch- 
Irish in America," "The Craigie House," 
and "Some Roman Remains in Britain." 
He also has written for the American An- 
tiquarian Society, and the Colonial Soci- 
ety, elaborate sketches of the lives of 
Pliny Earle Chase, George Bancroft, Ed- 
ward Grii¥in Porter, Andrew Haswell 
Green and Benjamin Franklin Stevens. 



DRAPER, George O., 

Manufacturer, Inventor. 

George Otis Draper, of world-wide 
fame as a manufacturer and inventor, was 
born at Hopedale, ^Massachusetts, July 14, 
1867, son of General William Franklin 
and Lydia Warren (Joy) Draper, and a 
descendant of James Draper, who came 
from England about 1648 and served as 
captain in King Phillip's war of 1675. 
From him the descent runs through his 
son James, who married Abigail Whit- 
ney ; their son Abijah, who married Alice 
Eaton ; their son Ira, who married Abi- 
gail Richards ; and their son George, who 
married Hannah Thwing, and was the 
grandfather of George O. Draper. Gen- 
eral William F. Draper, father of George 
Otis Draper, was founder of the mam- 
moth industries which have made the 
family name famous ; he was a man of 
masterly ability, served through the Civil 
War, attaining the rank of brevet briga- 
dier-general, was a member of Congress, 
and Ambassador to Italy. 

George Otis Draper was educated at 
public and private schools, and at the 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 
where he completed a four years' course 
in 1887. Upon leaving that famous school 
he began working through various ma- 
chine shop grades, thus learning the prac- 
tical application of mechanical theories. 
In January, 1889, he bought a small in- 



terest in the partnership of George Draper 
& Sons, of which his father was presi- 
dent ; he later acquired a larger interest 
by investment of earnings, and came to 
be one of the largest stockholders in the 
Draper Company, the largest manufac- 
turers of cotton machinery in this coun- 
try. He also became associated with the 
management of numerous machine shops, 
textile industries, quarries, mines, etc. 
His success as a specialist in patent de- 
velopment and other branches of manu- 
facture has perhaps been unequalled at a 
like age. During the various absences of 
his father in Washington and in Europe, 
the direction of the inventors and inven- 
tions which have made the Draper Com- 
pany famous came under his personal 
charge, and at the father's death he suc- 
ceeded to the management of the busi- 
ness. He is now officially connected with 
some twenty-five different corporations 
engaged in textile manufacturing, quarry- 
ing and mining. He has given much 
attention to the development of inven- 
tions in connection with these industries, 
and has taken out more than a hundred 
patents, including mechanical devices and 
improved details of the Northrop loom, 
the most wonderful labor-saving textile 
invention since the cotton gin, and is re- 
garded as an expert authority on all per- 
taining to patents, especially in the line 
of cotton manufacturing machinery. 
Alanufacturers in nine foreign countries 
pay royalty for the use of Mr. Draper's 
inventions, as they control a field of appli- 
cation with the Northrop loom in which 
foreign manufacturers take a special in- 
terest. Mr. Draper is president of the 
Draper Realty Company, the Draper- 
Hansen Company, the Michener Stowage 
Company, the Sapphire Record and Talk- 
ing Machine Company, the Draper- 
Latham Magneto Company, the Scholz 
Fireproofing Company, the Farrington 

32 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Company, the Phillips Manufacturing 
Company, and the Hilton Manufacturing 
Com.pany. 

Mr. Draper is cosmopolitan in every 
sense, well read, widely traveled, exten- 
sively acquainted, and constitutes a type 
of American intelligence and energy both 
in thought and in application. He is the 
author of "Searching for Truth" (1902) ; 
"Still on the Search" (1904); "More" 
(1908) ; and has written many technical 
treatises on the manufacture and use of 
cotton machinery. He is a member of the 
National Association of Cotton Manufac- 
turers ; a director of the American Civic 
Association ; and a member of the Na- 
tional Civic Federation. His clubs are 
the Home Market of Boston ; the Metro- 
politan of Washington ; and the Oakland 
Country, Engineers', Technology, and 
Theta Graduate, of New York. He mar- 
ried, April 28, 1892, at Lexington, Ken- 
tucky, Lily, daughter of Henry T. Dun- 
can. 



GREEN, Samuel Abbott, A. M., M. D., 
LL. D. 

Physician, Litterateur, Author. 

Samuel Abbott Green, A. M., M. D., 
LL. D., who has gained national distinc- 
tion as physician, academician, litterateur, 
historian, antiquarian, and whose service 
in the field as a surgeon during the Civil 
War merited the military honors be- 
stowed upon him, was born in Groton, 
Massachusetts, March 16, 1830, son of 
Dr. Joshua and Eliza (Lawrence) Green. 

The Green family genealogy leads di- 
rectly back to Percival and Helen Green, 
who sailed from London for New Eng- 
land in 1635, and in 1636 were living in 
Cambridge, Massachusetts. Throughout 
the generations between that of Percival 
Green and the present, the family appears 
to have been of high standing and intel- 



lectual inclination ; many of its members 
have been in the church ministry, and Har- 
vard University has been the alma mater 
of the main branch of the Green family for 
more than three centuries, the Rev. Joseph 
Green having graduated there in 1695, 
Joshua Green in 1749, Joshua, his son, in 
1784, and Dr. Joshua Green, father of 
Samuel Abbott, in the class of 1815. 

Samuel Abbott Green, after he had 
passed through Groton Academy, now 
Lawrence Academy, entered Harvard 
College, from which he graduated A. B. 
in the class of 1851. His study of medi- 
cine was begun in Boston immediately 
after graduation, under the preceptorship 
of Dr. J. Mason Warren, and was con- 
tinued by a course of lectures at Jeffer- 
son Medical College in Philadelphia, and 
at the Harvard Medical School, where he 
graduated with the M. D. degree in 1854; 
also receiving the A. M. degree from the 
college. Further professional study in 
Paris, Berlin and Vienna was followed in 
due course of time by the practice of 
medicine in Boston. During the years 
1858 and 1861 he served as one of the dis- 
trict physicians for the City Dispensary. 
On May 19, 1858. he was appointed by 
Governor Banks surgeon of the Second 
Regiment Massachusetts Militia. Im- 
mediately on the outbreak of the Rebel- 
lion he was commissioned assistant sur- 
geon of the First Massachusetts Regi- 
ment, being the first medical officer of 
the State to be mustered mto the three 
years' service. He was promoted to the 
surgeoncy of the Twenty-fourth Massa- 
chusetts Regiment on September 2, 1861 ; 
to which regiment he remained attached 
until November, 1864, during this period 
however serving on the staffs of various 
general officers. He had charge of the 
hospital ship "Recruit," in General Burn- 
side's expedition to North Carolina, and 
later of the hospital steamer "Cosmopoli- 



133 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tan," on the coast of South Carolina; was 
chief medical officer at Morris Island dur- 
ing the siege of Fort Wagner, in the 
summer of 1863; was post surgeon at 
St. Augustine and Jacksonville, Florida ; 
thence he was sent to Virginia, and was with 
the army at the capture of Bermuda Hun- 
dred, in May, 1864; was acting staff sur- 
geon in Richmond for three months after 
the surrender of the city; and in 1864 
was brevetted lieutenant-colonel for "gal- 
lant and distinguished service in the field 
during the campaign of 1864." In Febru- 
ary, 1862, Dr. Green established a ceme- 
tery on Roanoke Island, one of the first 
general burial places for Union soldiers 
during the war. 

After the war. Dr. Green was superin- 
tendent of the Boston Dispensary from 
1865 to 1872. In 1870 he was appointed 
by Governor Claflin a member of the 
commission chosen to care for disabled 
soldiers. From 1871 to 1882 Dr. Green 
was city physician of Boston ; in 1860-62 
and 1866-72 he was a member of the 
school board ; from 1868 to 1878 was a 
trustee of the Boston Public Library, 
and during the last year of this period 
served as acting librarian. In 1882 he 
was mayor of the city of Boston, a post 
of honor his election to which demon- 
strated his popularity with the people as 
well as with those of his own station. 
In 1885-1886 he was a member of the 
State Board of Health, Lunacy, and Char- 
ity. Dr. Green was an overseer of Har- 
vard University for thirty years, 1869-80 
and 1882-igoo; has been a trustee of the 
Peabod}- Education Fund since 1883. and 
secretary of the board ; and from 1885 
to 1888 he was the acting general agent, 
in the place of Dr. Curry, who had been 
appointed Minister to Spain. In 1878 he 
was chosen a member of the Board of 
Experts authorized by Congress to inves- 
tigate the causes and prevention of yellow 



fever. In 1896 the degree of Doctor of 
Laws was conferred upon him by the 
University of Nashville. Dr. Green is 
one of the vice-presidents of the Massa- 
chusetts Historical Society, and for forty- 
eight years since 1868 has been librarian 
of the society. He has been president of 
the Channing Home, a hospital for con- 
sumptives ; is a fellow of the Massachu- 
setts Medical Society, and a member of 
the Boston Society for Medical Improve- 
ment, of the American Philosophical So- 
ciety of Philadelphia, and of the Ameri- 
can Antiquarian Society. Other offices 
of trust and honor have fallen to his 
charge, including membership on the 
board of trustees of Lawrence Academy 
in Groton, his native town. His deep in- 
terest in that historic place has been 
shown in many ways, particularly in the 
numerous historical essays and books he 
has written bearing upon the history of 
the town. His researches in all historical 
matters have been so thorough and accu- 
rate as to establish his writings perma- 
nently an authority for future historians. 
Among his contributions to the nation's 
literature are : "My Campaigns in Ameri- 
ca," translated from the French of Count 
William de Deux Fonts (Boston, 1868); 
"Account of Percival and Helen Green, 
and of Some of Their Descendants" 
(1876) ; "Epitaphs from the Old Burying 
Ground in Groton" (1878) ; "The Early 
Records of Groton, 1662-1707" (1880); 
"History of Medicine in Massachusetts" 
(Boston, 1881) ; "Groton During the In- 
dian Wars" (1883) ; "Groton During the 
Witchcraft Times" (1883) ; "The Boun- 
dary Lines of Old Groton" (1885) : "The 
Geography of Groton", prepared for the 
use of the Appalachian Mountain Club 
( 1886) ; "An Historical Sketch of the 
Town of Groton" (Boston, 1891) ; "Gro- 
ton Historical Series" (forty numbers, 
1884-1891) ; "Groton During the Revolu- 



134 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tion" (1900) ; "Ten Fac-simile Reproduc- 
tions Relating to Old Boston and Neigh- 
borhood" (1901) ; "Three Military Dia- 
ries Kept by Groton Soldiers in Different 
Wars'' (1901) ; "Ten Fac-simile Repro- 
ductions Relating to New England" 
(1902) ; "Ten Fac-simile Reproductions 
Relating to Various Subjects"; "Three 
Historical Addresses at Groton" (1908) ; 
"John Foster, the First Engraver, and the 
First Boston Printer" (1909). In ad- 
dition to the above-mentioned, Dr. Green 
is the author of numerous other mono- 
graphs and articles on historical and anti- 
quarian subjects. 

The Venezuelan Order "Bust of Boli- 
var" was bestowed upon Dr. Green by the 
President of Venezuela in recognition of 
distinguished service rendered to that 
nation by the eminent physician. 



WRIGHT, Edgar Francis, 
Active Citizen. 

Several centuries ago when men, in 
order to distinguish themselves more 
readily, took surnames, many assumed the 
name of the art or craft at which they 
worked. "Wright" originally denoted a 
workman, an artificer, a maker, and was 
a designation usually applied to those 
who wrought in wood, as smith was ap- 
plied to those who worked in metal. It 
is highly probable that almost every per- 
son bearing the name Wright as his 
original surname is descended from an 
English ancestor, who was an artificer. 
As the name could have been and was 
assumed by any artificer who chose to do 
so, it follows that there may be numer- 
■ ous families whose origin is not identical. 
Hence in this country there are several 
lines of this name not of the same descent. 
The name appears early in the Colonial 
records, and has been borne by many 
distinguished citizens, both in Colonial 
and recent times. 



(I) John Wright was born in England 
in 1601, and died in Woburn, Massachu- 
setts, June 21, 1688, aged eighty-seven. 
He was one of the first settlers of Wo- 
burn, and a subscriber to the compact of 
1640. He was a selectman except two 
years, from 1645 to 1664, a representative 
in 1648. and a deacon of the First Church 
of Woburn. His wife Priscilla died April 
10, 1687. Their sons were John and Jo- 
seph, probably born in England, not 
recorded in Woburn. Three daughters 
are recorded there : Ruth, born April 23, 
1646; Deborah, January 21, 1649; Sarah, 
February 16, 1653. 

(II) John (2) Wright, son of John (i) 
and Priscilla Wright, was born in 1630, 
and died April 30, 17 14, in Woburn. He 
lived a few years in Chelmsford, bat re- 
turned to Woburn, where he and his 
brother, Joseph, were presentea to the 
grand jury for neglect of the churi h ordi- 
nance of infant baptism, and in \-arious 
ways giving encouragement to the Bap- 
tists. He married. May 10, 1661, .A^bigail 
Warren, born October 27, 1640, in Wey- 
mouth, daughter of Arthur Warren, died 
April 6, 1726, in Woburn. C'lildren: 
John, mentioned below; Joseph, born Oc- 
tober 15, 1663; Ebenezer, Novemt er 11, 
1665; Jacob, July 2, 1667; Abigail, June 
23, 1668; Priscilla, December 3, 1671 ; 
Josiah, March 10, 1674; daughter (name 
torn from records), November 21, 1678; 
Samuel, July 11, 1683; Lydia, November 
23, 1686; all born in Chelmsford. 

(III) John (3) Wright, eldest child of 
John (2) and Abigail (Warren) Wright, 
was born June 10, 1662, in Chelmsford, 
and died in that town. October 14 1730. 
He married there (first) April 13, 1692, 
Marie (Mary) Stephens, born about 1672, 
daughter of John and Elizabeth (Hil- 

dreth) Stephens, of Chelmsford, died there 
October 29, 1701. He married (second) 
Plannah Fletcher, born September 14, 

35 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1666, in Chelmsford, daughter of Samuel 
and Margaret (Hailstoane) Fletcher, of 
that part of Chelmsford now Westford. 
Children of first marriage : John, born 
January 24, 1693, died three months old; 
Ebenezer, December 17, 1693; Edward, 
May 13, 1695; Jacob, mentioned below; 
Henry, January 10, 1700; John and Mary 
(twins, former died December 2, 1701, 
latter October 29, 1701). Child of second 
marriage : Thomas, born September 27, 
1707, recorded in Chelmsford. There were 
two other children of the second wife : 
Hannah and Simeon, not in birth records 
of Chelmsford, probably born in West- 
ford. 

(IV) Jacob Wright, fourth son of John 
(3) and Mary (Stephens) Wright, was 
born January 21, 1698, in Chelmsford, and 
settled in the north part of that town. 
No record of his marriage appears. By 
his wife Abigail the following children are 
recorded in Westford : Jacob, born April 
2, 1719, died young; Sarah, 1721 ; John, 
1723; Ephraim, February 7, 1726; Mary, 
February 4, 1728; Sarah, 1730; Jacob, 
1732; Pelatiah, 1734; Joseph, mentioned 
below; Benjamin, 1738, died 1741. 

(V) Joseph Wright, sixth son of Jacob 
and Abigail Wright, was born 1736, in 
Westford. He married (first) Dorothy 
Heald, born 1732. in Westford, daughter 
of Thomas and Sarah (Butterfield) Heald. 
He married (second) in 1774, Hannah 
Kemp, born April 12, 1748. in Billerica. 
Massachusetts, daughter of Jasori and 
Hannah Kemp. Children of first mar- 
riage: Joseph, born 1758, died at White 
Plains while a soldier of the Revolution, 
in 1777; Dorothy, 1761 ; Reuben, 1763; 
Asa, mentioned below ; .\bel, 1770 ; Phebe, 
1773- Children of second marriage: 
Hannah, born 1776; Joseph, 1778; Ruth, 
1781 ; Joel, 1783 : Jacob, 1786. 

(VI) Asa Wright, third son of Joseph 



and Dorothy (Heald) Wright, was born 
1767, in W^estford, where he resided. He 
married, in 1787, Betsey Patch, born 
1766, in Westford, daughter of Isaac and 
Elizabeth Patch, and granddaughter of 
Isaac and Joanna (Butterfield) Patch, of 
Groton, Massachusetts. Children : Bet- 
sey, born 1787; Joseph, mentioned be- 
low; Huldah, 1791 ; Salathiel, 1794; 
Rhoda, 1796; Asa, 1798; Sophia, 1802. 

(VII) Joseph (2) Wright, eldest son of 
Asa and Betsey (Patch) Wright, was 
born 1789, in Westford, and settled in 
Nashua, New Hampshire, with his wife 
Mary. 

(VIII) Joseph (3) Wright, son of Jo- 
seph (2) and Mary \\'right, was born 
1815, in Nashua, where he died January 
20, 1892. He married Susan Blanchard, 
born 1824, in Nashua, died April 24, 1884, 
daughter of Jacob Blanchard. Children : 
Charles, died young ; Clarissa Emeline ; 
Jonathan, enlisted in the War of the Re- 
bellion, at Nashua, November 29, 1861, in 
Company C, Eighth New Hampshire 
Regiment, and was killed at Port Hud- 
son, Louisiana, January 14, 1863 ; Fri- 
land ; Edward ; John ; Harriet ; Elizabeth ; 
Abigail ; Sophronia ; Henry George, found 
dead near the Acton railroad tracks, 
thought to have been murdered : Ella 
Frances, married Joseph Bowers, of Lynn, 
Massachusetts ; Georgianna, wife of John 
Rolo, of Nashua. 

(IX) John Wright, fifth son of Joseph 
(3) and Susan (Blanchard) Wright, was 
born January 12. 1847, in Nashua, where 
he grew up. receiving his education in the 
public schools. He early learned the 
cooper's trade, at which he was occupied 
in Nashua and Brookline, New Hamp- 
shire. He enlisted as a soldier. August 
27, 1864, in the First Regiment of Heavy 
Artillery from Nashua, and was mustered 
out June 15. 1865. Owing to impaired 



136 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



health, he has been several years retired 
from active life, and now resides in 
Nashua. He is a steadfast supporter of 
Republican principles in the conduct of 
public affairs. He married Elvira Rob- 
bins, born October 9, 1854, in Nashua, 
daughter of Jesse and Rebecca (Blanch- 
ard) Robbins. Children: Archibald, born 
March i, 1873, living in Nashua; Alvin, 
June 17, 1874, living in Pepperell ; Stella, 
August 8, 1876, married Daniel Dunbar, 
and they reside in Fitchburg; Rose, Sep- 
tember 25, 1879, married Charles Rob- 
bins, and they reside in Pepperell ; Edgar 
Francis, mentioned below ; Fanny E., No- 
vember 22, 1885, married Henry Latush, 
and they reside in Pepperell ; Chester, 
March 12, 1890, died at birth; Ethel, May 
II, 1892, married Edward Senical, and 
they reside in Nashua ; Sadie, February 
13, 1894, died young. 

(X) Edgar Francis Wright, third son 
of John and Elvira (Robbins) Wright, 
was born July 25, 1881, in Brookline. New 
Hampshire, and attended school at Pep- 
perell, Massachusetts. There he was 
employed five years by Dr. William 
Heald and removed to Fitchburg. iNIassa- 
chusetts, in 1901. With the exception of 
two years spent in the west, his honit.- has 
been in that city to the present time. He 
learned the trade of machinist with the 
Putnam Alachine Company, of Fitchburg, 
and continued in its employ until r9f2, 
when he engaged with the Fitchburg 
Hardware Company, and has charge ai its 
warehouses and the automobile depart- 
ment. He is an attendant of the jMecbo- 
dist church, and is independent of purty 
organization in politics. He married. Sep- 
tember 25, 1906, Blanche Sfa Moulton, of 
Athol, Massachusetts, daughter of Ardiur 
Woods and Delia Dulcena (Fiske) Moul- 
ton. Children : Gwendolyn Esfa, born 
June 14, 1908 ; Arthur Moulton, October 
31, 1913, both born in Fitchburg. 



BARRETT, Leon Jefferson, 

Prominent Citizen. 

The surname Barrett belongs to a very 
ancient and honorable English family. 
The progenitor came from Normandy 
with William the Conqueror in 1066, and 
his name is enrolled in Battle Abbey. 
The first record of the family in this 
country is of Robert Barrett, who was 
engaged in the Maine fisheries, which led 
to permanent settlements along Winter 
Harbor and Cape Porpoise as early as 
1639 under Walter Barrett and others of 
Bristol, England. Robert and James 
Barrett, of Charlestown, were probably 
sons of John Barrett, Sr., of Wells, Maine, 
according to good authority. John Bar- 
rett was one of the early settlers of Wells, 
and was probably related to Walter and 
Robert, mentioned above. 

(I) Thomas Barrett, the pioneer an- 
cestor of this family, came to America 
from England, between 1635 and 1640, 
and settled at Braintree, Massachusetts. 
He was one of the thirty-two residents of 
Braintree to whom the Massachusetts 
General Court granted 10.000 acres of 
land in W^arwick, Rhode Island, but the 
grant was overruled in England. He 
signed the Warwick petition in 1651. He 
and his son, Thomas, who had moved to 
Chelmsford, Massachusetts, before March, 
1660, purchased a house and fifty-two 
acres of land in Chelmsford on Robbin 
Hill, April 10, 1663, and he settled there 
soon afterward. He died at Chelmsford, 
October 6, 1668. He married, in Eng- 
land, Margaret , who died at 

Chelmsford, July 8, 1681. In his will, 
dated March I, 1662, and proved October 
6, 1662, wife Margaret named, also sons, 
John, Thomas, Joseph. Children : John ; 
Thomas, mentioned below ; Mary, mar- 
ried Shadrack Thayer; Margaret, mar- 
ried Joseph Parker, of Groton ; Joseph, 
died December 17, 1711, in Chelmsford. 



137 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(II) Thomas (2) Barrett, son of 
Thomas (i) Barrett, was born in Eng- 
land, and died in Chelmsford, Massachu- 
setts, December 8, 1702. He spent most 
of his life in Chelmsford, deeding his real 
estate to his sons before he died. He 
married (first) at Braintree, September 
14, 1655, Frances Woolderson, of Brain- 
tree. She died at Chelmsford, May 27, 

1694. He married (second) Mary 

whom he mentions in a deed dated De- 
cember 10, 1700. Children, all by first 
wife: Martha, born September 17, 1656; 
Mary, April 17, 1658. Born at Chelms- 
ford; Margaret, March 31, 1660; Moses, 
mentioned below: Mehitable, April 12, 
1665 ; Anna, December 7, 1668. 

(III) Moses Barrett, son of Thomas 
(2) Barrett, was born at Chelmsford. 
March 25, 1662, and died there, Novem- 
ber 28, 1743. In 171 1 he received a grant 
of fifty-two acres of land in Woodstock, 
Windham county, Connecticut, and re- 
moved thither soon afterward. He deeded 
property to his son, Aloses, Jr., March 10, 
1712. He had other land granted, Sep- 
tember II, 1725, at W^oodstock. He mar- 
ried, September 10, 1684, Hannah Smith, 
daughter of John Smith, of Dorchester, 
Massachusetts. (See page 259, vol. 42, 
New England Genealogical Register). 
She was baptized September 7, 1651, died 
April 6, 1745. in Chelmsford. Children: 
Moses, mentioned below ; Thomas, re- 
mained in Chelmsford, died there, July 
9, 1761. 

(IV) Moses (2) Barrett, son of Moses 
(i) Barrett, was born in Chelmsford, 
October 27, 1685, and died about 1757 in 
Connecticut. In 1705 he was captured by 
Indians, but redeemed later. He bought 
land of Joseph Barrett, October 24. 1707; 
of Jacob \\'arren. November 2. 1710: of 
Joseph Barrett. Jr.. January 21. 1714. and 
sold all his holdings at Chelmsford to 



Richard Gookin, May i, 1718. In that 
year he removed to Killingly, Conner, 
ticut, where he had been admitted one 
of the proprietors soon after 171 1. He 
next went to Woodstock, where he 
bought land near Mill River of Nathaniel 
Wight, March 13, 1722. He served on the 
committee to build the school house, and 
on March 18, 1756. signed the church 
covenant. In 1756 he signed a memorial 
against the minister at Woodstock. He 

married (first) Sarah , who died in 

1719; married (second) March 15, 1720, 
Abigail Trott, who died August 22, 1749. 
Children by first wife, four born in 
Chelmsford, two in Killingly : David, 
born February 18, 1709-10; Hannah, No- 
vember 2, 171 1 ; Oliver, November 2, 
1713; Smith, mentioned below; Benoni 
and Moses (twins), August 17, 1719. 

(V) Smith Barrett, son of Moses (2) 
Barrett, was born at Chelmsford, Janu- 
ary 2, 1715-16, died June 11, 1786. He 
removed to Woodstock, and resided east 
of Woodstock Pond and jMill River in 
Southern Woodstock. He was a school 
master of note. He married, in April, 
1738, Mary Spalding, born September 15, 
1717, died November 13, 1800, daughter 
of Samuel and Susanna Spalding. Chil- 
dren: Samuel, born March 15, 1739; 
Hannah, August 8. 1740. baptized Sep- 
tember 28, 1740; Daniel, mentioned be- 
low; Priscilla. born November 17, 1743; 
Thomas, born November 15, 1745, bap- 
tized December 15. 1745 ; Ephraim, born 
May 24, 1747; Martha, bom May 11, 1749, 
baptized ^lay 21, 1749; Priscilla, born 
February iS, 1751, baptized February 
23, 1751 : Thomas, born May 5, I754I 
Ephraim, born February 5, 1756, baptized 
April 4, 1756; Mary, born October 16, 
1759, baptized November 25, 1759; Smith. 

(\T) Daniel Barrett, son of Smith Bar- 
rett, was born in Woodstock, March 4, 



138 



EXCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1742, and died July 22, 1807, in that town. 
He inherited the homestead in the south- 
east corner of Woodstock, adjoining 
Thompson. He took the freeman's oath 
at the first town meeting of Thompson, 
June 21, 1785. He married (first) in 
Killingly, March 11, 1765, Huldah Eli- 
thorpe, born March 13, 1739, died June 
8, 1774, daughter of Henry and Mehitable 
(Aspinwall) EHthorpe ; (second) in Kill- 
ingly, April 16, 1775, Mercy Manley ; 
(third) in Dudley, Massachusetts, Sep- 
tember 18, 1777, Mary (Wiley) Dodge, 
died May 3, 1780, daughter of John 
Wiley; (fourth) in Woodstock, Novem- 
ber 16, 1780, Jemima (Inman) Benson, 
born December 14, 1748, died February 
7, 1827, daughter of Edward Inman. 
Children by first wife, born at Killingly : 
Smith, mentioned below ; Anna, born 
February 20, 1768; Alillicent, February 
2, 1770, died March 14, 1777; Daniel, April 
17, 1772. Child by second wife, born 
at Killingly : Thomas Manley, March 
20, 1776. Child by third wife, born at 
Killingly: Aldrich Wiley, April 6, 1779. 
Children by fourth wife : Edward In- 
man, September 10, 1781 ; Mary, Septem- 
ber 25, 1782; Simon, I «bruary 21, 1784; 
Andrew, October 5, i"85. 

(VII) Smith (2) Barrett, son of Daniel 
Barrett, was born at Woodstock, Con- 
necticut, July 2, 1766, died April 10, 1837. 
He was a soldier in the Revolution, Octo- 
ber. 1781, in Captain Robbins' company, 
Colonel Samuel McCIellan's regiment, on 
a tour of duty at New London and 
Groton, Connecticut. In 1790, according 
to the first federal census, he was living 
at Woodstock and had in his family one 
son under sixteen, a wife and daughter. 
Ephraim John, Daniel. Joseph and Han- 
nah Barrett, all of this family, were also 
heads of families in W^oodstock, accord- 
ing to that census. About 1795 Smith 
Barrett removed to Belchertown, Massa- 



chusetts. Smith Barrett married, at 
Pomfret, Connecticut, October 4, 1787, 
Abigail White, born April 16, 1767, in 
Pomfret, died November 29, 1825, in 
Belchertown, daughter of James and 
Jemima (Town) White. Children (from 
family record of George Fisher, Belcher- 
town, Massachusetts) : Millicent, born 
March 12, 1789, died September 26, 1814; 
Calvin, mentioned below ; Thomas, Au- 
gust 21, 1792, died August 7, 1832; 
Lucinda, January 22, 1795, died March 
9, 1800; Polly, October 12, 1796; Charles, 
October 23, 1798 ; Leonard, November 24, 
1801 ; Nancy, November 5, 1804, died July 
23, 1833 ; Amanda, January 20, 1807 ; 
Lucy, March 19, 1810, died February 10, 
1829. 

(VIII) Calvin Barrett, son of Smith 
(2) Barrett, was born at Woodstock, 
Connecticut, June 10, 1790, died Novem- 
ber 4, 1857, at Belchertown. He lived for 
about fifteen years in Springfield, Massa- 
chusetts, afterward at Belchertown in 
that State. He married, in Palmer, Octo- 
ber 16, 181 1, Abigail Clough, born Octo- 
ber 3, 1792, in Stafford, Connecticut, 
daughter of Timothy and Susan (Orcutt) 
Clough (see Clough V). Children: 
Smith ; Enos, whose widow by a second 
marriage, resides at No. 416 Gregory 
street, Bridgeport, Connecticut ; Horace, 
mentioned below ; Calvin, Jr., who died 
from injuries caused by the explosion of 
a fluid lamp at Springfield. 

(IX) Horace Barrett, son of Calvin 
Barrett, spent his youth in South Belcher- • 
town on the homestead. He enlisted in 
the Civil War, and afterward he served 
in the United States army. Little is 
known of his works, though it is known 
that he was an artist in oil. He died in 
Iowa, at the Marshaltown Soldier's 
Home. He married Mary Hutchinson, 
who was living in 1914 in the family of 
Charles W'hiting, Northampton, Massa- 



139 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



chusetts, age eighty years. Children : 
John Bunyan, mentioned below ; Abigail, 
married Benjamin Phelps, a jeweler in 
Northampton ; Etta, married Dwight 
Mather, a mason contractor; Ella, mar- 
ried Granville G. Gates, an accountant, 
son of General Gates, of the Civil War ; 
Minnie, married Charles Whiting, part- 
ner of Dwight Mather, who continued the 
business, after the death of Mr. Mather, 
for many years. 

(X) John Bunyan Barrett, son of Hor- 
ace Barrett, was born in Belchertown, 
Massachusetts, October 19, 1850. He at- 
tended the public schools in Monson, and 
Monson Academy. He was of a mechani- 
cal turn of mind and was employed for 
some years in the Remington Arms 
Works at Ilion, New York, removing 
thence to New Haven, where during the 
remainder of his active life he held a re- 
sponsible position with the Winchester 
Repeating Arms Company as a factory 
inspector. He lived in North Haven, re- 
tiring from active business owing to ill 
health at the age of fifty years. He 
made his home after his retirement in 
Belchertown, Spencer and Worcester, 
Massachusetts, and in 1916 he is living 
in the latter named place, an invalid. In 
religion he is a Congregationalist, and 
in politics an Independent. He married 
Adella Arthermise Clough, at Ilion, New 
York (see Clough VIII). Children: Leon 
Jefferson, mentioned below ; Beatrice 
Adella, born July 6. 1887. at New Haven, 
Connecticut, married, at Belchertown, 
August 2, 1905, George A. Webster, of 
Saco, Maine ; she has one daughter, 
Adella Webster, born August i, 1906, at 
South Lee, New Hampshire. 

(XI) Leon Jefferson Barrett, son of 
John Bunyan Barrett, was born at Ilion, 
New York, January 12, 1877. He at- 
tended the public schools, and the private 
school of Joseph Gile, of New Haven, 



Connecticut. He entered the employ of 
the Winchester Repeating Arms Com- 
pany as a machinist's apprentice, after he 
left school, at the age of fifteen, and he 
followed his trade, and in 1902 he be- 
came mechanician in the Sheffield Scien- 
tific School of Yale University. This 
proved his opportunity, as it opened a 
way to obtain more education, and his 
associates also were of great benefit to 
him. In 1905 he decided to change his 
occupation and started upon his career 
in the insurance business, as district man- 
ager of the John Hancock Life Insurance 
Company at New Haven. A year later 
he became the agency director of the 
Underwriters Agency Company in New 
Haven, a prosperous corporation, of 
which F. C. Bushnell and R. S. Wood- 
ruff (the latter then governor of Connec- 
ticut) were his backers. A year later he 
resigned his position, but remained on the 
board of directors, and he accepted a 
more lucrative offer of the general agency 
of the Connecticut Mutual Life Insurance 
Company, with headquarters at Bridge- 
port, Connecticut. A year and a half 
later he was elected inspector of agencies 
of the Home Life Insurance Company of 
New York. In this office his duties re- 
quired him to travel extensively, and he 
made a wide acquaintance among insur- 
ance men. In June, 1909, he entered 
into partnership with Benjamin Bigelow 
Snow, under the firm name of Barrett & 
Snow, as general agents of the State Mu- 
tual Life Assurance Company of Worces- 
ter, Massachusetts. This firm is one of 
the largest in New England, and the 
business has steadily grown each year. 
His hobby is his machinist trade, in 
which he has always kept up-to-date. He 
is vice-president and treasurer of John 
Bath & Company, Inc., of Worcester, 
manufacturers of precision tools, gauges 
and grinding machinery. He is a past 
140 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



master of Corinthian Lodge, No. 103, 
Free and Accepted Masons, Northford, 
Connecticut, and a member of all the Ma- 
sonic bodies, including Pulaski Chapter, 
No. 26, of New Haven, Connecticut ; Jeru- 
salem Council, of Bridgeport, Connecti- 
cut ; Hamilton Commandery, No. 5, 
Knights Templar, of Bridgeport; Wor- 
cester Lodge of Perfection, fourteenth 
degree ; Goddard Council, Princes of Je- 
rusalem, sixteenth degree; Lawrence 
Chapter, Rose Croix, eighteenth degree, 
Worcester; Massachusetts Consistory, 
thirty-second degree, Boston; Palestine 
Temple, Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, 
of Providence, Rhode Island; Aletheia 
Grotto, No. 13, of Worcester. He is a 
member of the Adams Square Congre- 
gational Church, and the Congregational 
Club, of Worcester, Massachusetts. In 
politics he is an Independent. He is a 
member of the Commonwealth Club, 
Worcester ; Worcester Automobile Club ; 
Worcester County Club ; Leicester Coun- 
try Club; Worcester Chamber of Com- 
merce ; Worcester Publicity Association. 
Mr. Barrett married, May 26, 1896, 
Martha Sackett Hyde, born at North 
Haven, Connecticut, January 13, 1877, 
daughter of Lyman Munson and Eliza- 
beth Gertrude' Hyde (adopted) (name 
prior to adoption Givens). Children: 
Ellen Elizabeth, born May 19, 1898. at 
Westville, New Haven, Connecticut ; Vir- 
ginia Bernice, born March 17, 1900, at 
North Haven, Connecticut; Leone Mar- 
tha, born at North Haven, Connecticut, 
September 7, 1903. 

(The Clough Line). 

(I) John Clough, the first of the family 
in this country, was born in England m 
1613 and sailed for America in the ship 
"Elizabeth" in 1635. The name was 
formerly pronounced and often spelled 
Cluff. John Clough made a deposition in 
1691, giving his age as seventy-seven 



years, thus confirming approximately his 
age as given at the time of emigration. 
He lived in Boston for a few years. The 
General Court, March 13, 1638-39, granted 
to John Clough, of Boston, a lot of land 
at Salisbury, the record showing that he 
had served an apprenticeship of some sort 
for four years. In 1639 he settled at Salis- 
bury and became one of the proprietors. 
He was a house carpenter by trade. In 
1640 he had another grant of land. He 
was a member of the church, and on May 
18, 1642, was admitted a freeman. In 
1650 he took the oath of fidelity and was 
a commoner and taxpayer in Salisbury. 
He died July 26, 1691, and his will was 
proved November 3, 1691. He married 

(first) Jane , who died January 16, 

1679. He married (second) January 15, 
1686. Martha Cilley or Sibley. Children 
by first wife : Elizabeth, born December 
16, 1642; Mary, July 30, 1644; Sarah, 
June 28, 1646; John, mentioned below; 
Thomas, May 29, 165 1 ; Martha, March 
22, 1654; Samuel, February 20, 1656-57, 
married Elizabeth Brown. 

(II) John (2) Clough, son of John (i) 
Clough, was born at Salisbury, March g, 
1648-49. He also settled in Salisbury and 
followed farming. He took the oath of 
allegiance in 1677 and was admitted a 
freeman in 1690. He married, November 
13. 1674, Mercy Page, who died January 
26. 1719. Her will was dated in May, 
1718, and proved May, 1719. He died 
April 19, 171 5, and his will dated in April 
was proved in May, 1715. Children, born 
in Salisbury: Benoni. born May 23, 1676; 
Mary, April 8, 1677; John, June 30, 1678; 
Cornelius, May 7. 1680; Caleb, October 
26. 1682 ; Joseph. October 14, 1684; Sarah, 
April 5, 1686: Jonathan, mentioned be- 
low; Mercy, March 17, 1690; Moses, 
March 26, 1693; Aaron, December 16, 
1695; Tabitha, February 12, 1697-98. 
(Ill) Jonathan Clough, son of John 

41 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(2) Clough, was born at Salisbury, April 
II, 1688, and he was living in 1715, when 
his father's will was made. He married 

Hannah and they were members 

of the Salisbury church, July 3. 1715. He 
moved to Quinatisset, now Thompson, 
Connecticut. Larned's history of that 
town says: "In 1722 Henry and Ebenezer 
Green sold to Jonathan Clough of Salis- 
bury a hundred acres of land running 
southeast of a little footpath leading from 
Fort Hill to Simon Bryant's." (Vol. I, p. 
180, Winham County.) He was one of 
the proprietors of the town and was 
eighth on the list of the founders of the 
church. He had at least four children : 
Jonathan, mentioned below ; John, joined 
the church in 1742; Obadiah, joined the 
church in 1746; Ruth. 

(IV) Jonathan (2) Clough, son of Jon- 
athan (i) Clough, was born about 171 5. 
He joined the Thompson church in 1738. 
He married and removed to Belchertown, 
where he died at the age of ninety-four 
years. Children, born in Belchertown: 
Dan, married and had children: Desire, 
Jonathan, and Abner, born 1805 ; Timo- 
thy, mentioned below; John, married 

(first) Sarah ; (second) Louisa 

, and had children : Sarah, born 



1796, Keziah, 1798; Charlotte, 1800; Cla- 
rissa, 1802; Lovisa, 1804; Sophronia, 
1805; Nancy, 181 1; Ann Jane, 1814; 
John, 1816; Mary, 1818. 

(V) Timothy Clough, son of Jonathan 
(2) Clough, was born at Thompson, about 
1750; removed to Ludlow, Hampden 
county, and thence to Belchertown. He 

married Lucy . Children : Abigail, 

born 1792, married Calvin Barrett (see 
Barrett VII) ; Susan, born 1794; Han- 
nah, 1797: Olive, 1801 ; Candace, twin of 
Olive; Timothy, 1804: Jonathan, men- 
tioned below as John (VI), May 22, 1806; 
Daniel, 1S08: Daniel, 181 1. 

(VI) John (2) Clough, son of Timothy 



Clough, was born at Ludlow, Massachu- 
setts, May 22, 1806. He was a blacksmith. 
He married Elmira Levins, date Decem- 
ber I, 1824. Children: James M., born 
May 10, 1826, Belchertown, Massachu- 
setts; Jefferson Moody, 1st, born Janu- 
ary 26, 1828, at Belchertown, Massachu- 
setts ; Jefferson Moody, 2nd, mentioned 
below; Elmira C, born October 21, 1831, 
at Belchertown ; Timothy L., born De- 
cember 6, 1833, Belchertown; Guernsey 
A., born April 28, 1835, Belchertown; 
Mercy O., born October 17, 1838, Belcher- 
town ; Henri S., born July 9, 1842, Palmer 
Depot; Emily M., born March 28, 1846, 
Belchertown ; George R., born March 27, 
1849, Springfield; Mary Adella, born De- 
cember 23, 1850, New Hartford. 

(VII) Jefferson Moody Clough, son of 
John (2) Clough, born November 29, 
1829, at Gerry, New York, became one of 
the foremost mechanical experts of his 
time. He first became prominent while 
superintendent of the Remington Arms 
Company at Ilion, New York, where he 
perfected the famous Remington Type- 
writer, for which he received a royalty of 
fifty cents on every machine made for 
many years, later he perfected the Ham- 
mond & Yost Machines, and was paid 
handsomely for this service. Among 
other inventions was the first practical 
cotton-gin, which brought cotton within 
the reach of all classes of people, and also 
his ability manifested itself in the manu- 
facture of fire arms. He was for many 
years after leaving the Remington Arms 
Company associated as superintendent of 
the Winchester Repeating Arms Com- 
pany in New Haven at a very large 
-salar)-. He was offered at one time a 
large sum of money by the Chinese gov- 
ernment to undertake the building of fire 
arms in China, but this he did not accept. 
His life was busy and fruitful, and in his 
seventy-fifth year he built and perfected 
142 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the Clough Mauser Gun, which was 
bought up for the purpose of preventing 
its manufacture. He retained a large 
interest in it, however, but did not Hve to 
see it exploited. He died January i6, 
1908, at Belchertown, Massachusetts. He 
married, September 20, 1852, Ellen Eliza- 
beth Debit, at Springfield, Massachusetts. 
She was born September 25, 1829, and 
died at Belchertown, Massachusetts, No- 
vember 28, 1904. Children : Adella Ar- 
thermise, mentioned below; Jefferson 
Moody, Jr., born April 2, 1855, at Duck- 
ville, in Palmer, Massachusetts ; Jeffer- 
son Budd, son of Jefiferson Moody, Jr., 
born 1886, died February 3, 1897. 

(VIII) Adella Arthermise Clough, 
daughter of Jefferson Moody Clough, 
born at Monson, Massachusetts, Septem- 
ber 13, 1853, married, January 20, 1875, 
John Bunyan Barrett (see Barrett IX). 
Children : Leon Jefferson Barrett, born 
at Ilion, New York, January 12, 1877; 
and Beatrice Adella Barrett, born July 
6, 1887, at New Haven, Connecticut. 



HAMMOND, Richard Hill, 

Head of Important Industry. 

The original spelling of this family 
name was Ham. Andrew Hill Hammond 
had his name legally changed from Ham 
to Hammond. The immigrant ancestor 
was William Ham, who came from Eng- 
land in 1646, and settled in Exeter, New 
Hampshire, removing to Portsmouth in 
the same colony in 1652. He received a 
grant of land consisting of fifty acres on 
Freeman's Point, just above Portsmouth 
Bridge. He died in 1672 and his will was 
proved at Exeter and is now in the ar- 
chives at Concord. He bequeathed his 
estate to his daughter, Elizabeth Cotton, 
and to his grandsons, William, John and 
Thomas Ham. It is known that he had 
two children : Matthew, mentioned be- 
low, and Elizabeth. 



(II) Matthew Ham, son of William 
Ham, died before 1672, the date of his 
father's will. It is presumed that the 
three grandsons mentioned in his father's 
will were sons of Matthew; William, 
John and Thomas. 

(III) John Ham, grandson of William 
Ham, was born in 1649. He was a tax- 
payer in Dover, New Hampshire, in 1665. 
His first homestead was at "Tolend" near 
the second falls of the Cocheco, but later 
he had a farm on Garrison Hill at Dover. 
He was juror in 1688; lieutenant; town 
clerk in 1694. His will was proved at 
Exeter. He married, in 1667, Mary Heart, 
daughter of John Heart, of Dover. She 
died in 1706, and he died in 1727. Chil- 
dren : Mary, born October 2, 1668; John, 
1671 ; Samuel; Joseph, June 3, 1678; 
Elizabeth, January 2, 1681 ; Tryphena; 
Sarah; Mercy; Benjamin, mentioned be- 
low. 

(IV) Benjamin Ham, son of John 
Ham, was born in Dover, 1693. He in- 
herited his father's farm near Garrison 
Hill and received one full share in the 
common lands in 1732. The farm on 
which he lived was purchased of Peter 
Coffin in 1698 and the original deed and 
part of the original farm were at last 
accounts still owned by a lineal descend- 
ant. He was a constable in 1731 ; sur- 
veyor of highways in 1738. In 1757 he 
and twelve others voted against building 
a new meeting house at Pine Hill, Dover. 
He married, in 1720, Patience Hartford, 
daughter of Nicholas Hartford. She 
joined the First Church in 1737. Chil- 
dren : William, mentioned below ; Mary, 
born October 8, 1723; John, 1736; Pa- 
tience, baptized March 25, 1739; Eliza- 
beth, baptized December 10, 1749. 

(V) William (2) Ham, son of Benja- 
min Ham, was born at Dover, November 
25, 1722. He joined the First Church of 
Dover, January 3, 1742. He removed to 
Rochester, New Hampshire, and died 

143 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



there in 1800. Children: Charity; Benja- 
min, born 1753; William, May 8, 1757; 
Francis, May 3, 1763; Ephriam ; Eleanor. 

(VI) William (3) Ham, son of Wil- 
liam (2) Ham, was born at Dover, May 
8, 1757. He was a soldier in the P^evolu- 
tion. The Revolutionary Rolls of New 
Hampshire (p. 109, Vol. III.) show that 
William Ham was a sergeant in Captain 
Daniel Jewell's company. Colonel Thom- 
as Bartlett's regiment in 1780. His 
brother Ephraim was in the same com- 
pany. He probably served also in 1781 
and possibly in 1776 from Portsmouth 
(see Vol. I, New Hampshire Revolution- 
ary Rolls, pp. 447, 540). He settled finally 
in Gilmanton, New Hampshire, and died 
there in 1843. He married Anne Meader. 
Children: Miriam, Sarah, Eli, Ezra, men- 
tioned below. 

(VII) Rev. Ezra Ham, son of William 
(3) Ham, was born at Gilmanton, March 
7, 1797. He was a Freewill Baptist min- 
ister and also a farmer, living in Lower 
Gilmanton. He married Mercy Prescott 
Hill, daughter of Andrew W. and Mary 
P. (Ham) Hill (see Prescott). Children: 
Mary A., born February 22, 1825 ; Wil- 
liam P., November 6, 1826; Lemuel M., 
March 29, 1828; Andrew Hill, mentioned 
below ; Enos H., March 13, 1832 ; George 
E., April 16, 1834, living in Worcester; 
James C, June 29, 1837; Dr. Otis F., 
April 4, 1839; Ezra, July 30, 1842 ; Mercy 
Elizabeth, September 23, 1848, resides at 
No. 121 Powell street. Lowell. 

(VIII) Andrew Hill Hammond, son of 
Rev. Ezra Ham, was born in Alton, New 
Hampshire, August 3, 1830. During his 
infancy, his parents removed to Gilman- 
ton, where his early years were spent on 
the farm and where he attended the dis- 
trict school. At the age of nine he went 
to live with his grandparents in the Gore 
district of his native town and while there 
was for several years under the tuition of 
his uncle, Jonathan Prescott Hill, who 



was a surveyor and mathematician. From 
his uncle he derived a love of study and 
books that lasted as long as he lived. 
After he returned to his father's home at 
Gilmanton, he attended the academy. At 
the age of eighteen he began to learn the 
trade of iron molder at Manchester, New 
Hampshire, and afterward followed that 
trade at Laconia, New Hampshire. In 
185 1 he came to Worcester and found 
employment in the malleable iron works 
of Waite, Chadsey & Company. After- 
ward he worked in the foundries of God- 
dard. Rice & Company and William A. 
Wheeler. He had musical gifts which he 
cultivated while working in the foundries, 
studying under S. R. Leland, Albert S. 
Allen and E. S. Nason and himself be- 
came a proficient teacher of music. One 
of his early experiences was a trip west 
to teach singing schools in the Ohio and 
Mississippi valleys, returning through 
Chicago, which was then a small village. 
He continued to study music and ob- 
tained a position in the organ reed fac- 
tory owned by Augustus Rice and Ed- 
win Harrington, beginning on wages of 
seventy-five cents a day. His mechanical 
abilit\- and knowledge of music soon 
made him of great value to the concern, 
however. He originated new methods 
and appliances which increased the quan- 
tity and improved the quality of the 
product and was soon placed in charge of 
the manufacturing department. Subse- 
quently the firm became Redding & Har- 
rington and the new firm contracted with 
Mr. Hammond for all the inventions and 
improvements that he should introduce. 
In a short time he was given a third in- 
terest in the business in lieu of his con- 
tract, and afterward he bought out his 
partner-^ and became the sole owner. 

In 1S68 Mr. Hammond built his first 
factory at the present site on May street 
and from time to time made additions 
until it became the largest organ reed 

144 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



factory in the world. It was equipped 
with special machinery devised by the 
owner, and the Hammond organ reeds 
have been for many years a standard 
product known and used in all parts of 
the world. The making of reeds is a dis- 
tinct business from organ building and is 
confined chiefly to factories in Worcester 
and Chicago. Mr. Hammond continued 
to the end of his life in active business, 
though on account of his health the man- 
agement of affairs was left largely to his 
son during the last ten years. He died 
at his home in Worcester, March i, 1906. 

Mr. Hammond was a lifelong student 
and took great pleasure in his library. 
He took a keen interest in public affairs 
and when a young man was active in the 
anti-slavery movement. He joined the 
Free Soil party when it was formed and 
afterward became a Republican. He de- 
clined to accept public office himself, but 
always did his full duty as a citizen, 
giving loyal support to his party. 

He married, in i860, Rhoda Maria Bar- 
ber, born September 5, 1840, died May 21, 
1891. She was gifted with rare business 
ability and to her judgment and coopera- 
tion Mr. Hammond attributed much of 
his material success in life. She was a 
daughter of Benjamin and Ann Maria 
(Collins) Barber. Her father was born 
in Wardsboro, Vermont, in 1804, and died 
in Worcester in 1867. Her mother was 
of the Collins family of Southboro, Mas- 
sachusetts, where she was born July 6, 
1816, daughter of Daniel and Polly 
(Chamberlain) Collins; she died in 1904. 
Benjamin Barber was a stone cutter and 
contractor and became substantially suc- 
cessful in business. He married, Novem- 
ber 20, 1838, Ann Maria Collins, and they 
had five children: Rhoda Maria (Mrs. 
Andrew Hill Hammond) ; Warren, died 
young; Emery Perry, born August 29, 
1846, deceased ; Linda Frances, born Au- 
gust 12, 1851, married Albert E. Peirce, 
MASS-Voi iii-io 145 



of Worcester, now of Evanston, Illinois ; 
Benjamin Allen, born December 23, 1855, 
treasurer of the J. Russel Marble Com- 
pany, Worcester, very prominent in musi- 
cal circles, a gifted singer. Children of 
Andrew Hill Hammond: i. Charles War- 
ren, died in infancy. 2. Nellie (Eleanor) 
Prescott, born April 26, 1866, graduate of 
Oxford University, England; graduate 
of Chicago University. 3. Alice Bar- 
ber, born January 16, 1868, married 
Clarence B.Shirley, of Boston. 4. Robert, 
died young. 5. Richard Hill, mentioned 
below. 6. Mabel Florence, graduate of 
Radcliffe College. 

(IX) Richard Hill Hammond, son of 
Andrew Hill Hammond, was born at 
Worcester, January 6, 1871. He was 
educated in the public schools and at the 
Worcester Polytechnic Institute. He be- 
came associated in business with his 
father, and in 1892 when the corporation 
was formed he became general manager 
and assistant treasurer. Since then he 
has had the entire responsibility of the 
business and since the death of his father 
has been president of the Hammond Reed 
Company. Under his management the 
business has continued to hold its place 
among the substantial industries of Wor- 
cester. Mr. Hammond is well-known and 
popular among the younger business men 
of the city. He is a member of the Tat- 
nuck Country Club ; the Worcester Coun- 
try Club ; Quinsigamond Lodge, Free 
and Accepted Masons; Eureka Chapter, 
Royal Arch Masons ; Worcester County 
Commandery, Knights Templar; the Na- 
tional Association of Manufacturers. He 
is a Republican in politics, but not active 
in party affairs. 

(The Prescott Line). 

The coat-of-arms of the Prescott family 
of Dryby, Lincolnshire, England, is de- 
scribed: Ermine, a chevron sable on a 
chief of the second two leopards' heads. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



or. Crest: Out of a ducal coronet or a 
boar's head and neck argent bristled of 
the first. Prescott was the name of a 
market town in Lancashire. 

(I) James Prescott, of Standish, Lan- 
cashire, to whom the ancestry has been 
traced, was required by an order of 
Queen Elizabeth, dated August, 1564, to 
keep in readiness horsemen and armor. 
He married a daughter of Roger Stan- 
dish. Children: James, mentioned be- 
low ; Roger, Ralph, Robert, William, 
John. 

(II) Sir James (2) Prescott, son of 
James (i) Prescott, married Alice Moli- 
neaux. He was created Lord of the 
Manor of Dryby, Lincolnshire, and had 
the arms described above granted to him. 
He died March i, 1583. Children: John, 
mentioned below ; Ann. 

(III) John Prescott, son of Sir James 

(2) Prescott, was born at Dryby. Chil- 
dren : William ; James, mentioned below. 

(IV) James (3) Prescott son of John 
Prescott, was born and lived at Dryby. 
Children: Mary, baptized 163 1 ; John, 
1632; Anne, 1634; James, mentioned be- 
low. And others, names unknown. 

(V) James (4) Prescott, son of James 

(3) Prescott, was the American immi- 
grant; left Dryby in 1665 and settled in 
Hampton, New Hampshire. He had a 
farm in what is now Hampton Falls on 
the road to Exeter, lately owned by Wells 
Healey. He was admitted a freeman in 
1678. In 1694 he was one of the original 
patentees of Kingston and was moderator 
of town meetings there in 1700-01. He 
died November 2'., 1728. He married, in 
1668, Mary Boulter, born at Exeter, May 
15, 1648, daughter of Nathaniel and Grace 
Boulter. Her father was born in Eng- 
land in 1626; lived in Hampton and 
Exeter. She died at Kingston, October 
4, 1735, aged eighty-seven. Children: 
Joshua, born March i, 1669: James, Sep- 



tember I, 1671 ; Rebecca, April 15, 1673; 
Jonathan, August 6, 1675 ; Mary, June 11, 
1677; Abigail, November 19, 1679; Tem- 
perance, twin of Abigail ; John, men- 
tioned below ; Nathaniel, November 19, 
1683. 

(VI) John (2) Prescott, son of James 
(4) Prescott, was born at Hampton, No- 
vember 19, 1681, died in 1761. He was 
in His Majesty's service in 1707 and also 
in Captain Davis's scouts in 1712. He 
married, August 8, 1701, Abigail Marston, 
born March 17, 1679, died December 30, 
1760, daughter of James and Dinah (San- 
born) Marston, of Hampton. Children: 
John, born August 15, 1702; Rebecca, 
August 19, 1704; Lydia, November 30, 
1706; Hon. Benjamin, September, 1708; 
James, April 11, 1711; Abigail, April 29, 
1713; Nathaniel, July 25, 1715; Abraham, 
May 20, 1717; Jedediah. mentioned be- 
low; Josiah, October 2, 1721. 

(VII) Jedediah Prescott, son of John 
(2) Prescott, was born June i, 1719, died 
July 24, 1793. He lived at Exeter, now 
Brentwood, then Deerfield, New Hamp- 
shire, and Monmouth, Maine. He mar- 
ried, November 12, 1741, Hannah Batch- 
elder, born October 23, 1720, died 1809, 
daughter of Samuel (3) (Nathaniel (2), 
Rev. Stephen (i) Batchelder) and Mary 
(Carter) Batchelder. Children, born at 
Brentwood: Josiah, May 11. 1743; Eliza- 
beth, January 5, 1745; Jedediah, Septem- 
ber 20. 1746; Abigail, May 11, 1748; Mercy, 
mentioned below ; Rev. John, October 29, 
1753; Samuel, September 5, 1759; Ruth, 
March 12, 1761 ; Jesse, September 24. 1763 ; 
James, February 23, 1765; Elijah, July 
25, 1766. 

(VIII) Mercy Prescott. daughter of 
Jedediah Prescott, was born at Brent- 
wood, October 30, 1751, died at Gilman- 
ton. New Hampshire. October 4, 1797. 
She married, March 10, 1778, Dr. Jona- 
than Hill, born at Stratham, August 11, 



146 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1742. He studied medicine with Dr. 
Weeks, of Hampton Falls, practiced at 
Gilmanton Ironworks village, and died 
there June 6, 1818. He married (second) 
March, 1798, Betsey, widow of Jeremiah 
Bean, of Candia, sister of Judge Ebenezer 
Smith, widow of Josiah Prescott. Chil- 
dren : Andrew Wiggin Hill, mentioned 
below; Jonathan Hill, born October 31, 
1781; Sarah Hill, May 8, 1785; child, 
died young. 

(IX) Andrew Wiggin Hill, son of Dr. 
Jonathan and Mercy (Prescott) Hill, was 
born at Gilmanton, February 10, 1779, 
died September 11, 1864. He married, 
February 25, 1800, Mary P. Ham, born 
at Rochester, resided at Alton and Gil- 
manton. She died December 4, 1862. 
Children : Mercy Prescott Hill, married 
Ezra Ham (see Ham-Hammond line) ; 
Elizabeth R. Hill, October 3, 1802 ; Jona- 
than P. Hill, March 27, 1809; James Hill, 
April 21, 1815; Andrew Wiggin Hill, 
July 31, 1819. 



BICKFORD, Orlando Ephraim, 

Bnsineia Mam, Pnblie Official. 

The name of Bickford was early estab- 
lished in New England, and has been 
identified for centuries with the history 
of New Hampshire. In this family the 
baptismal name of Thomas occurs very 
frequently, and it is quite probable that 
the more recent immigrants of the name 
were allied to the old English family, 
which settled in Dover, New Hampshire, 
in the earliest period of its history. Ac- 
cording to the history of Wolfeboro, New 
Hampshire, John Bickford was an immi- 
grant from England, who settled very 
early in that town. He was not disposed 
to aid in the warfare upon the American 
colonies, and to escape conscription in the 
army, left his native land, and finally set- 
tled in Wolfeboro. 



(II) Jonathan Bickford, son of John 
Bickford, was a millwright and farmer, 
and settled on lands recently occupied by 
his grandson in Wolfeboro. He married, 
February 7, 1799, Abigail Roberts, of 
Dover, and they had sons, James and 
Thomas. 

(III) Thomas Bickford, son of Jona- 
than and Abigail (Roberts) Bickford, was 
born April 27, 1806, in Wolfeboro, and 
early left that town. Among the early 
settlers in Hill, New Hampshire, a town 
adjoining Alexandria, was a Bickford, 
who came from the shores of Lake Win- 
nepesaukee, and it is reasonable to as- 
sume that the settler of the name in 
Alexandria was from the same section, 
and that he was the Thomas Bickford, 
born 1806, in Wolfeboro. He died in 
early life, and his widow afterward mar- 
ried a man named Flint, and died Septem- 
ber 17, 1878, in Waterville, Massachu- 
setts. There are no Bickford births re- 
corded in Alexandria previous to 1850. 
Family records, however, locate the birth 
of the next mentioned in that town. 

(IV) Thomas (2) Bickford, son of 
Thomas (i) Bickford, was born March 7, 
1827, in Alexandria, resided in Franconia, 
New Hampshire, and died in Winchen- 
den, Massachusetts, December 20, 1891. 
He was but a small child when his father 
died. Most of his active life was spent 
in Winchenden, where he was for twenty- 
five years surveyor of highways. He was 
a good business man, of exceptional judg- 
ment, and did an extensive business in 
the purchase and sale of timber lands. 
He was an active member of the Metho- 
dist church, in which he served as trustee 
and participated in all its works. Politi- 
cally he was a Republican. He married, 
in Lisbon, New Hampshire, October 24, 
1850, Martha Parks Battles, born Novem- 
ber 4, 1829, in Landaflf, New Hampshire, 
died January 20, 1890, daughter of Noah 



147 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and Martha (Parks) Battles. Children : 
Lucie J. M., born December 14, 1854, died 
June 17, 1910, unmarried; Elizabeth Al- 
mira, December 6, 1863, married Andrew 
B. Smith, of Winchenden, and has a 
daughter, Vivian Martha Smith, born De- 
cember I, 1891 ; Orlando Ephraim, men- 
tioned below. 

(V) Orlando Ephraim Bickford, only 
son of Thomas (2) and Martha Parks 
(Battles) Bickford, was born July 8, 1870, 
in Winchenden, Massachusetts, and was 
educated in the public schools of that 
city, including the high school. When 
nineteen years of age, he was in charge 
of the state highway in that town, and 
thus continued for five years. In 1894 
he removed to Fitchburg, Massachusetts, 
and became master mechanic of the Fitch- 
burg & Leominster Electric Street Rail- 
way, which position he filled for twelve 
years, to 1906. Since that time he has 
conducted a livery business and auto 
garage in Fitchburg. He is president of 
the Bickford Auto Company, and agent 
for the sale of the "Chevrolet" automo- 
biles. He is an attendant of the Unitarian 
church, being a member of the parish. He 
is a member of the Masonic fraternity, 
holding membership in Aurora Lodge 
and in Lady Emma Chapter, Order of 
the Eastern Star, of which his wife is also 
a member. He is also a member of the 
Improved Order of Red Men, and the 
Royal Arcanum. Politically a Republi- 
can, he is interested in the welfare of the 
community where he lives, and has served 
as constable and highway surveyor. He 
married, January 11, 1893, Effie I. Ellis, 
born November 5, 1871, in Fitzwilliam, 
New Hampshire, daughter of Ivory War- 
ren and Emeline V. (Metcalf) Ellis, of 
that town (see Ellis VIII). Children of 
Orlando E. Bickford : Dorothy Ellis, born 
January 25, 1904; Ivonnetta Lillian, June 
4, 1907. 



(The EUis Line). 

In the Welsh the name is derived from 
"Aleck's," the possessive form adopted in 
many names of similar origin. Instead of 
saying William's David, the Welsh used 
the expression "David, William's," and 
this usage gave rise to such names as 
Evans, Jones (John's), Edwards, Harris 
(Harry's), and so through the long cate- 
gory. Many immigrants of the name are 
found of early record in New England, 
the first being among the Puritans of 
Plymouth. Another family springs from 
Dedham, and both sent out a large 
progeny. 

(I) John Ellis appears in Dedham, 
Massachusetts, as early as 1641, and was 
made a freeman there, June 2, 1641 ; he 
was one of the thirteen original proprie- 
tors of Medfield, which was formerly part 
of Dedham, and was the thirteenth signer 
of the Dedham Covenant, and attended 
the first town meeting. His home lot 
was on Main street in Medfield. He 
served seven years as selectman of the 
town, and died there April 2, 1697. He 
may have been a brother of Thomas Ellis, 
of Medfield, and perhaps also of Richard, 
Joseph, and Ann Ellis, of Dedham, emi- 
grants from the Old World. He married 
(first) at Dedham, November 10, 1641, 
Susanna Lumber, who died at Medfield, 
April 4, 1654; he married (second) June 
16, 1655, in Medfield, Joan, widow of 
John Clapp, of Dorchester. After her 
marriage to John Ellis, she was dismissed 
from the Dorchester church to the Med- 
field church. She survived her second 
husband nearly seven years, and died in 
Medfield. March 2, 1704. Children of first 
wife: John, mentioned below; Susanna, 
married Matthias Adams; Hannah, born 
April 9, 1651, in Medfield, the first white 
female in that town, married Samuel 
Rockwood ; Samuel, born May 24, 1660; 
Joseph ; Eleazer, April 24, 1664. 
148 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(II) John (2) Ellis, eldest child of 
John (i) and Susanna (Lumber) Ellis, 
was born April 26, 1646, and resided on 
the west side of the Charles river in Med- 
field, where he died November 14, 1716. 
He married (first) February i, 1678, 
Mary Herring, and (second) in Boston, 
April 7, i6g8, Mary Hill, of Sherborn, 
Massachusetts. She survived him nearly 
sixteen years, dying October 25, 1732. 
Children : John, born February 5, 1679, 
married Hannah White, and lived in 
Medfield ; Joseph, mentioned below ; 
Mary, March 7, 1686, married (first) 
Zachary Partridge, and (second) John 
Barber; Sarah, March 7, 1688, married 
Nathaniel Wight; Hannah, April 4, 1688, 
married John Taylor; Samuel, July 14, 
1699, only child of the second wife, mar- 
ried Dorothy Hall and lived in Medway. 

(HI) Joseph Ellis, second son of John 
(2) and Mary (Herring) Ellis, was born 
December 5, 1681, in Medfield, and died 
September 29, 1754. He resided many 
years in Wrentham, where most of his 
children were born, nearly all of them 
baptized in Medfield. He was one of the 
grantees of Keene, New Hampshire, 
under the Massachusetts charter of 1733, 
where two of his sons, Joseph and Gideon, 
were among the earliest settlers and be- 
came grantees under the New Hampshire 
grant. No record of his marriage has 
been discovered, but his wife bore the 
baptismal name of Cathrain and died Jan- 
uary 20, 1760, in Medfield. He had chil- 
dren born in Wrentham : Joseph, men- 
tioned below; Gideon, born June 29, 1714; 
Sarah, December 16, 1721 ; William, bap- 
tized in Medfield, October 20, 1723; John, 
born February 28, 1727, in Wrentham, 
baptized May 7, following, in Medfield ; 
Asa, born November 3, 1729, in Wrent- 
ham ; Asa, baptized in Medfield, May 3, 

1730- 

(IV) Joseph (2) Ellis, eldest child of 



Joseph (i) and Cathrain Ellis, was born 
July 14, 1712, in Wrentham, and was one 
of the grantees of the town of Keene, 
New Hampshire, where he was an early 
settler and finished his days. He married, 
January 13, 1741, in Wrentham, Malatiah 
Metcalf, born there February 25, 1722, 
daughter of Michael and Abial (Colburn) 
Metcalf. Children: Timothy, born April 
10, 1742; Amos, March 2, 1744; Martha, 
January 31, 1746; Henry, mentioned be- 
low; Bathsheba, March 7, 1750; Abial, 
June 26, 1753; Elizabeth, September 7, 
1755; Esther, April 8, 1758; Lewis, Au- 
gust 19, 1762; Lucrecia, November 23, 
1764. 

(V) Henry Ellis, third son of Joseph 
(2) and Malatiah (Metcalf) Ellis, was 
born February 15, 1748, in Wrentham, 
and lived for a short time after attaining 
manhood in Lancaster, Massachusetts, 
whence he removed to Keene, before 
1772. He was a member of a militia 
company there, August 7, 1773, and was 
among the signers of a remonstrance 
against inoculation from smallpox, No- 
vember 22, 1776. He was a signer of the 
association test, and his name appears on 
the payroll of Captain William Hump- 
hrey's company under Colonel Wingate, 
organized to join the northern army in 
the Continental service. His advance 
bounty and first month's wages amounted 
to ten pounds, one shilling. He first set- 
tled on a farm in the western part of the 
town, which he sold, and purchased a 
farm at the north end of the village of 
Keene, on which he resided seven years, 
near the "Old Sun Tavern." He pur- 
chased a large tract on the west side of 
the river, three miles north of the village, 
which he cleared, and on which he built 
a large house, which is still standing, 
though much modernized. This was one 
of the best farms in the county, and there 
he resided until his death in August, 
149 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1838. Because of his great piety and ex- 
emplary life, he was called deacon, though 
there is no record of his having held such 
office in the church. He was a very in- 
dustrious man, of even temper, and uni- 
versally esteemed. He married Meletiah 
Thayer, of Mendon, Massachusetts, about 
1771. This marriage is not recorded in 
Keene or Mendon, or any of the towns 
adjoining the latter, nor is her birth and 
parentage discoverable. She was a very 
energetic woman, a good housekeeper, 
and contributed much toward her hus- 
band's success. When they first settled 
in Keene she sold her wedding shoes to 
buy apple trees to be planted on the 
farm. Later, when her husband's plow 
point became broken, she rode a horse 
fifty miles to Mendon to procure a new 
point, which was not then attainable any- 
where in Cheshire county. She spun and 
wove both wool and flax, and thus pro- 
vided for the comfort of her family She 
died April 30, 1850, aged ninety-eight 
years, according to the Keene records. 
Children: Kezia, born December 3, 1772; 
Pamelia, March 27, 1775; Archaeleus, 
October 17, 1777; Samuel, mentioned be- 
low; Milla, September 10, 1783. 

(VI) Samuel Ellis, second son of 
Henry and Meletiah (Thayer) Ellis, was 
born March 15, 1780, in Keene, and suc- 
ceeded his father on the paternal home- 
stead in that town, later removing to 
Stockbridge, Vermont, where he re- 
mained but a short time, and about 1813- 
14, settled in Fitzwilliam. New Hamp- 
shire, where he died October 18, 1826 
His wife, Cynthia, born June 23, 1778, 
died May 16, 1870, was a daughter of 
Samuel and Mary Randall, of Fitzwil- 
liam. Children : Samuel G., born Decem- 
ber 4, 1806; George W., mentioned be- 
low; Beulah P., 1810, died 1820; Timo- 
thy, July 2, 181 1 ; Cynthia, June 30, 1813; 
Rufus Randall, 1815; Abijah, 1817; Eli- 



jah Wiles; Mary, 1820, died 182 1 ; Beu- 
lah Pond, 1822, died 1827. 

(VII) George Washington Ellis, sec- 
ond son of Samuel and Cynthia (Ran- 
dall) Ellis, was born March 4, 1808, in 
Keene, and died April 27, 1885, in Fitz- 
william. He married (first) August 24, 
1837, Bethiah Ellen, daughter of Levi and 
Margaret (Blake) Pratt, born March 6, 
1818, died September 13, 1870. He mar- 
ried (second) December 10, 1873, Martha 
Harriet Alynie French. Children, all 
born of the first marriage : George H., 
born August 24, 1838; Edward Bailey, 
November 11, 1839; Ivory Warren, men- 
tioned below ; Ira W., February 19, 1843 '< 
Elliott Franklin, November 28, 1844; 
Harriet Martha, October 6, 1846; Wil- 
liam Orry, April 2, 1848 ; Charles Pratt, 
November 13, 1849; Addie Maria and 
Abbey Eliza (twins), March 8, 185 1 ; 
Sarah Jane, November 28, 1853 ; Maria 
Ann, November 26, 1857 ; Fred Ellsworth, 
1861, died 1862. 

(VIII) Ivory Warren Ellis, third son 
of George Washington and Bethiah E. 
(Pratt) Ellis, was born in December, 
1840, in Fitzwilliam, New Hampshire, 
where he passed his life, and died July 2, 
1880. He married, in 1866, Emeline V. 
Metcalf, born July 8, 1849, in Rindge, 
New Hampshire. 

(IX) Effie I. Ellis, daughter of Ivory 
Warren and Emeline V. (Metcalf) Ellis, 
was born November 5, 1871, in Fitzwil- 
liam, and became the wife of Orlando E. 
Bickford, now residing in Fitchburg, 
Massachusetts (see Bickford V). 



RICE, George Maury, 

Chemist, Inventor. 

Edmund Rice, the immigrant ancestor, 
was born in Barkhamstead, England, in 
1594, and came to New England probably 
early in 1638. He settled in Sudbury, 



150 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Massachusetts, and was a proprietor 
there in 1639. The village plot of Sud- 
bury, now Wayland, was laid out in the 
fall and he was one of the first to build 
. his house there on Old North street, near 
Mill Brook. He received his share in 
the river meadows, divided September 4, 
1639, April 20 and November 18, 1640. 
He shared also in all the various divisions 
of upland and other common lands, re- 
ceiving altogther two hundred and forty- 
seven acres. He built a second house in 
the south part of the town of Sudbury be- 
tween Timber Neck and the Glover Farm 
near the spring. He sold land there to 
Thomas Axtell and Philemon Whale, 
both of whom built houses there. He 
sold his house, September i, 1642, to John 
Moore, and on September 13, 1642, took 
a six-year lease of the Dunster farm on 
the east shore of Lake Cochituate. He 
bought land between the farms of Mary 
Axtell and Philemon Whale and his son 
and thus located his homestead at Rice's 
Spring. Then he bought Mr. Whale's 
house and nine acres, forming the nucleus 
of the Rice homestead, which he finally 
sold to his son Edmund and which was 
occupied by his descendants down to a 
recent date. He leased for ten years, 
September 26, 1647, the Glover farm, 
which is within the present limits of 
Framingham. He bought, April 8, 1657, 
the Jennison farm, extending from the 
Dunster farm to the Weston line, and on 
June 24, 1659, he and his son bought the 
Dunster place. Besides these grants and 
purchases, he received from the General 
Court fifty acres of land near the Beaver 
dam in 1659. He was a prominent citizen 
and well educated, as shown by various 
legal documents in his handwriting still 
in existence. He served on the first com- 
mittee of the town to divide the meadows ; 
was selectman in 1639, 1644. and after- 
ward from time to time ; was deacon after 



1648; deputy to the General Court in 
1654-56, and one of the petitioners for the 
town of Marlborough, in which he re- 
ceived a house lot and whither he moved 
in 1660. He surveyed and laid out Indian 
lands for the earlier settlers. He died 
May 3, 1663, according to one record. In 
1914 his grave was uncovered at Way- 
land, Massachusetts, and a large flat 
stone bearing his initials "E. R." was dis- 
covered proving beyond doubt the iden- 
tity of his grave. It was customary in 
these days to bury the dead six feet below 
the surface, and cover it with a large flat 
stone in order to protect the corpse from 
being dug up by devouring wolves that 
was a pest to the country. He stated his 
age as sixty-two in 1656. He married 

(first) in England, Tamazine , who 

died June 13, 1654. He married (second) 
March i, 1655, Mercy (Heard) Brigham. 
Children, all by first wife: Henry, born 
in 1616; Edward, 1618 ; Thomas, men- 
tioned below ; Matthew, married Martha 
Lamson ; Samuel, married Elizabeth 
King; Joseph, born 1637; Lydia, married 
Hugh Drury ; Edmund ; Benjamin, born 
May 31, 1640; Ruth, married S. Wells; 
Ann, Mary. 

(II) Thomas Rice, son of Edmund 
Rice, was probably born in England. He 
married Mary , and lived in Sud- 
bury until 1664, when he moved to the 
adjacent town of Marlborough, where he 
died November 16, 1681. His family was 
remarkable for the longevity of the chil- 
dren. An interesting but not entirely ac- 
curate account of the family appeared in 
the "Boston Gazette," December 26, 1768. 
His will was dated November 11, 1681, 
and proved April 14, 1682. He be- 
queathed to Thomas, Peter, Nathaniel 
and Ephraim. His widow's will was 
dated May 10, 1710, and proved April 
II, 1715. Children: Grace, died at Sud- 
bury, January 3, 1653-54 ; Thomas, born 



LSI 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



June 30, 1654; Mary, September 4, 1656 
Peter, October 24, 1658; Nathaniel, Janu 
ary 3, 1660; Sarah, January 15, 1662 
Ephraim, April 15, 1665; Gershom, May 

9, 1667; James, March 6, 1669; Frances 
February 3, 1670-71 ; Jonas, March 6 
1672-73; Grace, January 15, 1675; Elisha, 
mentioned below. 

(III) Elisha Rice, son of Thomas Rice, 
was born December 11, 1679. He resided 
in Sudbury. He married there, February 

10, 1707-08, Elizabeth Wheeler, born at 
Concord, February 7, 1685-86, daugh- 
ter of Obadiah and Elizabeth (White) 
Wheeler, granddaughter of Obadiah and 
Susannah Wheeler, of Concord, and of 
Resolved and Judith (Vassall) White. 
Resolved White, born at Leyden in 1615, 
was a son of William and Susanna (Ful- 
ler) White who came in the "Mayflower." 
Peregrine, the first white child born at 
Plymouth, was a brother of Resolved. 
Judith Vassall was a daughter of William 
and Ann (King) Vassell. William Vas- 
sall was a prominent citizen of Marsh- 
field and Scituate; was an assistant in 
the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Elisha 
Rice had a thirty-acre grant of land in 
Worcester in 1718; was a proprietor in 
1719, and his fifth child was born in Wor- 
cester. He returned to Sudbury, how- 
ever, and died there in 1761. Children: 
Eliakim, born February 27. 1709; Elisha, 
March 2, 171 1, died young; Elisha, No- 
vember 3, 1713; Julia, March 30, 1716; 
Silas, November 7, 1719; Elijah, men- 
tioned below; Zebulon, January 5, 1725. 

(IV) Elijah Rice, son of Elisha Rice, 
was born March 5, 1722, at Worcester or 
Sudbury, and died at Holden in 1818 
in his ninety-seventh year. He was a 
"minute-man" in the Revolutionary War 
and George M. Rice has the certificate. 
He resided in Shrewsbury in what is now 
Boylston, but removed to Holden after 
his children were born. His will was 



dated April 8, 1799, proved April 7. 1818. 
He married, November 23, 1748, Huldah 
Keyes, born April 19, 1727, died at 
Holden, March, 1799, a daughter of 
Ebenezer and Tamar (Wheelock) Keyes, 
granddaughter of Deacon Thomas Keyes, 
of Shrewsbury, and of Deacon Samuel 
Wheelock. Children, born at Shrews- 
bury : Elijah, mentioned below ; Lois, 
born September 19, 1751 ; Tryphena 
(twin), died young; Joseph (twin), died 
young; Ebenezer, born March 12, 1756; 
Zerviah, August 6, 1760; Lettice, married 
Thomas Davis ; Huldah, married Asa 
Raymond. 

(V) Elijah (2) Rice, son of Elijah (i) 
Rice, was born at Shrewsbury, September 
II, 1749. He was a soldier in the Revolu- 
tion, a private in Captain James Davis's 
company of minute-men. Colonel Doo- 
little's regiment on the Lexington Alarm, 
April 19, 1775. He married, November 
10, 1771, Relief Williams, of Princeton, 
at Lancaster, Massachusetts, and they 
settled at Holden, whence he removed to 
Shrewsbury in January, 1799. He died 
at Shrewsbury, January 3, 1827 ; his 
widow. Relief, at Newton, Massachusetts, 
at the home of her daughter, Azubah 
Pratt. Children. born at Holden: Joseph, 
born January 19, 1773; Tryphena, April 
28, 1774; Nahum, October 27, 1775 ; Lucy, 
July 25, 1777; David, March 8, 1779; 
Martin, March 8, 1781 ; Huldah, Decem- 
ber 28, 1782, died young; Azubah, Au- 
gust 14, 1784; Elijah, mentioned below; 
Alexander, December 27, 1788; Olive, 
October 6, 1790; Abner, September 7, 
1792; Lois, resided in Boston. 

(VI) Elijah (3) Rice, son of Elijah (2) 
Rice, was born at Holden. December 5, 
1786. He resided in Shrewsbury, whence 
he removed to Worcester and later to 
Bolyston, Massachusetts. He married 
(first) November 26, 1807, Martha God- 
dard, born July i, 1789, and died at Boyl- 

152 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ston, August 26, 1842. She was a daugh- 
ter of Elder Luther Goddard, who was 
born in 1762, married, in 1784, Elizabeth 
Dakin. Daniel Goddard, father of Luther 
Goddard, was born in 1734, married, in 
1756, Mary Willard. Edward Goddard, 
father of Daniel Goddard, was born in 
1697, died in 1777; married Hepsibah 
Hapgood. Edward Goddard, father of 
Edward Goddard, was born in 1675, and 
died in 1754; married, in 1697, Susan 
Stone, of Framingham. He was a son of 
the immigrant, William Goddard, of 
Watertown, and his wife, Elizabeth 
(Miles) Goddard. Elijah Rice married 
(second) January i, 1844, Harriet Hawes, 
and afterward removed to Northbridge, 
Massachusetts, where he died May 12, 
1853. Children by first wife, born at 
Shrewsbury: i. Luther Goddard, born 
September 18, 1808; married Elizabeth 
Coburn and lived in Boston. 2. Charles 
Williams, March 21, 1810; lived in Wor- 
cester; married Cornelia A. Smith and 
had three children. 3. Parley G., born 
April 5, 1812, died in Worcester, Novem- 
ber, 1827. 4. Emerson Keyes, born April 
29, 1813; married Maria Farnum ; had 
Charles E. and Willis K. and two daugh- 
ters. 5. Elizabeth G., born May 12, 1815 ; 
married Peregrine B. Gilbert and had 
three children. 6. Ebenezer M., men- 
tioned below. 7. Henry J., born Septem- 
ber 12, 1821, died in Worcester, June 24, 
1846. 8. Calvin H., born November 23, 
1823 ; married Sarah E. Tarlton. 9. Lo- 
renzo Elijah, born February 29, 1827 ; 
married Sarah Prentice ; for many years 
he was employed in the railroad shops at 
Norwich, Connecticut ; children : George 
Percy, wholesale fish dealer. New York 
City ; Frank Goddard, mason and con- 
tractor, Norwich, Connecticut ; M. Louise, 
housekeeper for George M. Rice, men- 
tioned below; William E., dentist, De- 
troit, Michigan. 10. Martha L., born 
June 6, 1829; married John Watkins. 



(VII) Ebenezer M. Rice, son of Elijah 
(3) Rice, was born at Shrewsbury, July 
24, 1819. He was educated in the district 
schools, and learned the trade of pattern 
maker in Worcester. He was in the 
employ of Woodvvorth, the inventor of 
the planing machine, and in 1846 went 
with Mr. Woodworth to Concord, New 
Hampshire. When gold was discovered 
in California, he decided to go thither and 
made the voyage around Cape Horn, 
sailing from Providence, Rhode Island, 
arriving after seven months in San Fran- 
cisco. He spent two years in California, 
working at his trade most of the time. 
Returning by way of the Isthmus of 
Panama, he had to wait two weeks in 
Panama for the steamship and was in- 
fected with the now called yellow 
"Chagres" fever, surviving but two weeks 
after he reached home. He died at Wor- 
cester, February 9, 185 1. While on ship- 
board on the way home he was robbed of 
nearly ali his savings, $2,000 in gold. He 
was a member of the Worcester Light 
Infi'.nlry. He married Sarah Ann Lewis, 
daughter of Thomas and Sally (Carroll) 
Lewis. Thomas Lewis, Jr., of Harvard, 
married, October 14, 1823. Sally Carroll. 
Thomas Lewis, father of Thomas Lewis, 
lived at Athol and died there, August 10, 
1814, aged fifty-one years; married Olive 

; children : Timothy, born March 

13, 1788; Hiram Lewis, December 22, 
1790; Lovell Lewis, February 25, 1793; 
'Ihomas Lewis, June 12, 1795, mentioned 
above; Cheney, November 27, 1798; 
Anna, February 21, 1801, all born at 
Athol. Thomas Lewis, father of Thomas 
Lewis, died at Athol, March 20, 1814, 
aged eighty years. Children of Ebenezer 
M. Rice: George Maury, mentioned 
below; Alfred Lewis, born July 18, 1845, 
died at Fall River, Massachusetts, in 
1908, superintendent of the mills of Slack 
Brothers, Springfield, Vermont; married 
Nellie Webster; has no childreii. 



153 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(VIII) George Maury Rice, son of 
Ebenezer M. and Sarah Ann (Lewis) 
Rice, was born in Worcester, October 20, 
1843 He received his early education in 
the pubHc and commercial schools of his 
native place. In the employ of George 
Adams he learned the art of photography 
in the studio on Main street, opposite 
Elm street. In May, 1864, he went with 
Daniel \V. Field to Nashville, Tennessee, 
where they engaged in business as photo- 
graphers. They were occupied during 
the remainder of the year chiefly in tak- 
ing photographs of soldiers and of army 
scenes. Late in December they returned 
to Worcester. He had a studio in West- 
borough for a time and in 1868, in part- 
nership with William H. Fitton, opened 
a photographic studio in the Piper Block 
in Worcester. In the following year the 
business was sold, but a few months later 
it was again purchased by Mr. Rice and 
he continued in business until 1893 when 
he retired. For many years he was the 
leading photographer of Worcester and 
one of the best known in the State. 

Mr. Rice inherited inventive and me- 
chanical skill and devoted the larger part 
of his active years to experimentation. 
He was granted twenty patents, many of 
which were of great value. He invented 
and patented the process for removing 
cotton from woolen stock and later a 
process for removing silk from woolen 
stock. These processes are now in use 
by Slack Brothers of Springfield, Ver- 
mi)nt. and by the American Woolen 
Company. Mr. Rice had a factory at 
Gardner, Massachusetts, for three years, 
and made use of his patents in the prepa- 
ration of woolen stock. This business 
was sold to Slack Brothers. After retir- 
ing from business Mr. Rice established 
an experimental chemical labratory at 
No. 152 I.'^nion street, where he spent 
much of his leisure time in experimenting 



on chemical processes in connection with 
woolen trade, which he perfected in 
many details, also giving particular atten- 
tion to humid metallurgy of ores bearing 
gold and silver, being often consulted by 
professional men from all parts of the 
United States who were interested in the 
subject. 

Mr. Rice is one of the most prominent 
Free Masons of Worcester. He is a 
member of Montacute Lodge, of which 
he was worshipful master in 1884-85 ; of 
Worcester Chapter, Royal Arch Masons, 
of which he was most excellent high 
priest in 1879-80: of Hiram Council. 
Royal and Select Masters, of which he 
■ivas thrice illustrious master in 1881-82; 
of Worcester County Commanderj', 
Knights Templar; of Aleppo Temple, 
Mystic Shrine ; of Worcester Lodge ol 
Perfection, fourteenth degree; of God- 
• lard Council S'xt>.''nth degree Prince? 
of Jerusalem, of which he was sovereign 
prince from 1887 to 1888; of Lawrence 
Chapter, Rose Croix, eighteenth degree, 
and the Massachusetts Consistory, thirty- 
second degree, and he took the thirty- 
third degree in Boston, September 21, 
1915. He was grand principal conductor 
of the work in the Grand Council in 
1884; first lieutenant commander in the 
Massachusetts Council of Deliberation in 
1886-87; delegate to the session of the 
General Grand Chapter of the United 
States at Atlanta in 1889; grand king in 
the Grand Chapter in 1889; grand 
steward of the Grand Lodge of Massa- 
chusetts in 1896. At the last session of 
the Supreme Council, Scottish Rite, at 
Chicago, in October, 1914, he was pro- 
posed and elected to the thirty-third 
degree. He is a member of the Aletheia 
Grotto, of Worcester. 

Mr. Rice is a member and for three 
years he was one of the committee of three 
of the \\^orcester Countv Alechanics Asso- 



154 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

ciation. He was formerly captain of the details for the parade of the Sons of 
Company C of the Worcester Con- the American Revolution over the route 
tinentals. When a young man he served taken by Washington in his journey to 
in Company A, Second Regiment Massa- Cambridge to take command of the 
chusetts Volunteer Militia, known as the American army. This parade was in 
Worcester City Guards, in 1866-67, ^nd 1914. At the time of the celebration of 
he is an honorary member of the Wor- the centennial of Montacute Lodge, Free 
cester Light Infantry. He has been vice- and Accepted Masons, Mr. Rice compiled 
president of the Veteran Association of a history of the lodge, which was pub- 
the Worcester City Guards. He has lished in the "Worcester Telegram." He 
been auditor and trustee of the Worcester also v^rote a history of Worcester Chap- 
Agricultural Society and is a mem.ber of ter. Royal Arch Masons, published in 
the New England Agricultural Society. 1898, at the time of its seventy-fifth 
He is an associate member of General anniversary. 

George H. Ward Post, No. 10, Grand For many years Mr. Rice resided on 

Army of the Republic. He was formerly Eden terrace, but in 1914 he purchased 

a member of the Worcester Board of his present house, Xo. 46 Midland street. 

Trade. He is a member of the National Mr. Rice has never married. 

Society Sons of the American Revolu- 

tion, and has served two terms of three 
years each on the board of managers of 
the Massachusetts Society, Sons of the 



FOWLER, Rufus B., 

Inventor, Patent Attorney. 



American Revolution, and is vice-presi- The known history of the Fowler 

dent of the Worcester Chapter of this family extends backward nearly three 

society. He is a member of the Worces- hundred years from the present time. It 

ter Society of Antiquity and has served was founded very early in the new colony 

several years on the committee on nomi- of Massachusetts, and has many worthy 

nations, and other committees. descendants scattered over the United 

In public life Mr. Rice has taken an States at the present time. In days when 

active and prominent part. In politics he men were taking surnames, those of 

has been a Republican ever since he was many were indicated by their occupation, 

of voting age. From 1891 to 1896 he was The fowler or huntsman was an import- 

a member of the Worcester Common ant personage in the suite of every 

Council. He was a member of the board gentleman of the olden times. The Fow- 

of trustees of the City Hospital, 1892-95. ler coat-of-arms is described : Azure on 

He served three years in the General a chevron between three lions passant 

Court, 1896-98. He was a member of guardant or as many crosses formee 

the water supply committee in 1896; sable. Crest: An owl argent ducally 

clerk of the committee in 1897 and house gorged or. 

chairman in 1898. During the Spanish (I) Philip Fowler, a cloth worker, was 
War he served on the committee on born somewhere between 1591 and 1598, 
military afifairs in the Legislature. Mr. in England, presumably at Marlborough, 
Rice is keenly interested in local and Wiltshire, where his eldest child was bap- 
family history. He is vice-president of tized in 1615. He sailed from Southamp- 
the Edmund Rice (1638) Family Asso- ton, England, in the ship "Mary and 
ciation. He was prominent in arranging John," after having subscribed to the 

15s 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



oath there March 24, 1634. Owing to the 
misrepresentation of the activities and 
intentions of the colonists in New Eng- 
land, ships sailing thither were subjected 
at that time to a rigid scrutiny. The 
passengers were compelled to take the 
"oathes of allegiance and supremacie" 
and the master was required to give bond 
to perform the services of the Church of 
England during the voyage. The "Mary 
and John" arrived in New England in 
May, and Philip Fowler was admitted a 
freeman September 3, 1634, and before the 
close of that year was settled in Ipswich, 
Massachusetts. He died there June 24, 
1679, and his grandson, Philip Fowler, 
was appointed administrator of his estate. 
He married (first) Mary Winsley, who 
died August 30, 1659. in Ipswich; (sec- 
ond) February 27, 1660, Mary, widow of 
George Norton. Children : Margaret, 
baptized May 25, 161 5, at Marlborough, 
Wiltshire, England; Mary, married Wil- 
liam Chandler, of Newbury, and died 
1666; Samuel, mentioned below; Hester, 
married (first) Jathnell Bird, (second) 
Ezra Rolfe, (third) Robert Collins; Jo- 
seph, born about 1622, in England; 
Thomas, about 1636, in Ipswich. 

(II) Samuel Fowler, eldest son of 
Philip and Mary (Winsley) Fowler, was 
born about 1618. in England, and came 
to this country, presumably with his 
father. He resided in Portsmouth and 
Salisbury, and was a shipwright. The 
fact that Samuel Winsley called him 
cousin makes it apparent that that was 
the maiden name of his mother. He 
resided in Salisbury in 1668 and 1680, and 
in 1669 purchased Louis Hulett's country 
right in Salisbury. It is probable that he 
belonged to the Society of Friends. He 
was brought before the court in April, 
1675, for "Breach of the Sabbath in travel- 
ing." He died January 17, 171 1, in Salis- 
bury. The name of his first wife has not 



been discovered. He was married, after 
1673, to Margaret (Norman) Morgan. 
Children : William, resided in Ports- 
mouth, New Hampshire ; Mary, married 
Richard Goodwin ; Sarah, living in 1665 ; 
Samuel, mentioned below. 

(III) Samuel (2) Fowler, youngest 
child of Samuel (i) Fowler, was born 
probably in Salisbury, and died in that 
town, December 24, 1737. His will had 
been made almost ten years previously, 
and was proven six days after his death. 
He married, December 5, 1684, in Salis- 
bury, Hannah, daughter of Ezekiel and 
Hannah (Martin) Worthen, born April 
21, 1663, in Salisbury, and survived her 
husband. Children : Samuel, born Octo- 
ber 23, 1685; Hannah, April 30, 1687; 
Susanna, March 10, 1689; Jacob, Decem- 
ber 10, 1690; Mary, July 10, 1692; Sarah, 
March 5, 1694; Ann, June 30, 1696; 
Ezekiel, mentioned below ; Robert, Janu- 
ary II, 1700; Abraham, October 26, 1701 ; 
Thomas, October 19, 1703; Lydia, April 
17, 1705 ; Judith, June 29, 1712. 

(IV) Ezekiel Fowler, third son of 
Samuel (2) and Hannah (Worthen) 
Fowler, was born January 26, 1698, in 
Salisbury, and was living there at the 
time his father's will was made in 1727. 
Subsequently he resided in Salem, Massa- 
chusetts, where he died in 1735. He mar- 
ried, June 5, 1722, Martha Chase, born 
February 24, 1702, in Swansea, Massa- 
chusetts, second daughter and second 
child of Samuel and Sarah (Sherman) 
Chase, formerly of Portsmouth. Rhode 
Island. She was a descendant of Wil- 
liam Chase, born about 1595, in England, 
and came to America in Governor Win- 
throp's fleet in 1630, accompanied by his 
wife Mary and son William. He settled 
at Roxbury, and shortly became a mem- 
ber of the church of which John Eliot, the 
famous apostle to the Indians, was pastor. 
He was propounded for freeman in 1633, 

156 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and was admitted May 14, 1634. About 
1637 he removed to Yarmouth, Alassa- 
chusetts, where he died in May, 1659, and 
was survived by his widow about five 
months. Their son, WilHam Chase, born 
about 1622, died in Yarmouth, Februar)- 
27, 1685. His youngest son, Samuel 
Chase, resided in Portsmouth, where he 
married Sarah, daughter of Samuel and 
Martha (Tripp) Sherman, granddaughter 
of Philip and Sarah (Odding) Sherman, 
of Portsmouth. About 1700 he removed 
to Swansea, Massachusetts, where was 
born his daughter Martha, wife of Ezekiel 
Fowler, as above noted. After the early 
death of her husband, she returned to her 
native town, accompanied by her son, 
next mentioned. She afterward married, 
March 11, 1749, Samuel Bowen. 

(V) Samuel (3) Fowler, son of Ezekiel 
and Martha (Chase) Fowler, was born 
about 1730, and was a cordwainer by 
trade, residing in Swansea, Massachu- 
setts, until 1753. In the following year 
he settled in Warren, Rhode Island, and 
about ten years later removed to the 
easterly part of Northbridge, then part of 
Uxbridge, Massachusetts. Like his father 
and grandfather, he was a Quaker, and 
was identified with the Smithfield month- 
ly meetings. He married, September 20, 
1750, Hannah Bowen, of Swansea, Rhode 
Island, and had children, of whom twelve 
were living at his death. His sons, John 
and Bernard, were the principal legatees. 
Children: i. Sarah, born at Swansea 
(and recorded also at Smithfield and 
Warren, Rhode Island, where the family 
lived afterward), October 20, 1753; mar- 
ried Southwick. 2. Ezekiel, named 

for his grandfather, born at Warren, De- 
cember 23, 1754, settled at Worcester; 
married (first) Sarah Mowry, daughter of 
Ananias Mowry, of Smithfield. August 5, 
1784; (second) May 2, 1820, Hannah Col- 
burn, daughter of Ebenezer and Anna Col- 



burn, of Mendon. 3. Mary, born at War- 
ren, August 23, 1756; married Fol- 

som. 4. Isaac, born at Warren, August 3, 
^758- 5- Olive, born at Warren, June 23, 
1760; married there, March 24, 1782; 
Gideon Luther. 6. Bernard, mentioned be- 
low. 7. John, born at Uxbridge, April 2, 
1764. 8. Martha, born at Uxbridge, March 
16, 1766; married Legg. 9. Eliza- 
beth, born at Uxbridge, February 2, 1768. 
10. Hannah, born at Uxbridge, May 7, 

1771 ; married — Baker. 11. Peace, 

born at Northbridge, May 12, 1773; mar- 
ried Watson. 12. Phebe, born at 

Northbridge, September 16, 1775, married 

Baker. 

(VI) Bernard Fowler, son of Samuel 
(3) and Hannah (Bowen) Fowler, was 
born April 3, 1762, in W'arren, Rhode 
Island, and died in Northbridge, Massa- 
chusetts, April 4, 1843. He was a farmer 
and a member of the Society of Friends, 
and came to Northbridge in 1763. He 
married (first) March 4, 1790, Rebecca 
Mowry, of Smithfield, Rhode Island, born 
February 9, 1770, daughter of Dr. Jona- 
than and Deborah (Wing) Mowry, died 
February 6, 1805. Deborah Mowry was 
born at Glocester, Rhode Island, May 27, 
1750, daughter of Jabez and Anna Wing, 
of Plymouth. Jonathan Mowry was born 
October 3, 1741, died March 25, 1814, son 
of Uriah and Orania Mowry. Bernard 
Fowler married (second) December 5 
181Q, Abigail Steere, daughter of Enoch 
and Serviah Steere, of Glocester. In his 
will he mentions land that he owned in 
Holden, Massachusetts. Children by first 
wife : Mary, married Shadrach Steere ; 
Robert, died suddenly, before his father; 
Willis (lion compos at the time his 
father's will was made); Phebe, married 
Timothy McNamara ; Caleb ; Samuel, 
born May 18, 1803, married Eliza 
Murphy, of Vermont ; by second wife : 
Thomas, born at Northbridge, October 



157 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



28, i8u, died at Troy, New York, Feb- 
ruary 9, 1856, unmarried ; Rebecca, born 
at Northbridge, December 3, 1812, died 
at Barre, Vermont, 1864, married Obadiah 
Wood ; Charles, mentioned below ; Nancy, 
born at Northbridge, March 20, 181 7, 
died at Grafton, April 29, 1901, married 
Stephen R. White. 

(VII) Charles Fowler, son of Bernard 
and Abigail (Steere) Fowler, was born 
January 17, 1 81 5, at Northbridge, Massa- 
chusetts, and died in Worcester, Massa- 
chusetts, January 21, 1895. He was a 
farmer, and of Quaker faith, and married, 
February 9, 1841, Susan Frost Bennett, 
who died three days prior to the death 
of her husband. She was the daughter 
of Rufus Bennett, known as "Father" 
Bennett, a farmer in Northbridge, and 
member of the Legislature from that town 
for some years. He was ordained a 
Methodist minister in the early days be- 
fore the Methodists settled and became 
salaried preachers, and he refused to ac- 
cept such a settlement. He continued to 
minister without any pay to all who re- 
quired his services, since, as he said, "The 
Grace of God is free." All the country- 
side was his parish, in which he solemn- 
ized marriages, and attended funerals, 
and no gathering of the citizens was 
complete without the presence and advice 
of "Father" Bennett. Charles Fowler's 
children were : Rufus Bennett, of fur- 
ther mention ; Charles Thomas, born Au- 
gust 29, 1847, '" Northbridge, died in 
Kansas City, Missouri, December 11, 
1889, unmarried; Mary Abby, August 20, 
1855, in Northbridge, died in Worcester, 
Massachusetts, November 22, 1894, un- 
married. 

(VIII) Rufus Bennett Fowler, son of 
Charles and Susan F. (Bennett) Fowler, 
was born December 5, 1841, in North- 
bridge, Massachusetts. He was gradu- 
ated at the Barre Academy, Barre, Ver- 



mont, in the class of 1861, and was for a 
time assistant superintendent at the Ux- 
bridge Woolen Mill. He later took a 
course in the Eastman Business College 
at Poughkeepsie, New York, the first to 
adopt actual business methods in its 
course of instruction, and at that time at 
the height of its popularity, having about 
fourteen hundred students. At the close 
of his course, Mr. Fowler accepted the 
position of superintendent and instructor 
in the Banking Department of Eastman 
College. In this department two banks 
and a clearing house illustrated in a 
practical manner the functions of banks 
in business life. In addition to his duties 
as superintendent and instructor Mr. 
Fowler also studied law. In 1864-65 he 
became lecturer on commercial law at 
the United States College of Business in 
New Haven, Connecticut. This college 
was an ambitious undertaking of Mr. 
Thomas H. Stevens, for many years 
teacher in the Claverack Institute, New 
York, to broaden the instruction in 
schools of this class. From 1865 to the 
time of the great fire in Chicago, Mr. 
Fowler was a member of the wholesale 
firm of Fowler, Stewart & Wilson, at No. 
39 Lake street, Chicago. From that time 
Mr. Fowler gradually drifted into me- 
chanical pursuits and patent law, urged 
both by his natural ability and his incli- 
nation in that direction. His services as 
an expert in such matters were in con- 
stant demand. In 1872 he went to Nor- 
wich, Connecticut, and was for some time 
engaged in designing special machinery 
at Worcester. He also at this time com- 
pleted an invention of a ribbon loom. 
Other inventions related to wire working 
machinery, wool carding engines, and a 
mechanical piano player of unique capa- 
bilities, to which he gave the name of 
Pianochord. After his marriage he lived 
in Stafford Springs, Connecticut, where 

58 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



he conducted the manufacture of narrow 
wares by means of looms of his own in- 
vention. In 1881 he returned to Worces- 
ter, where he now lives, and took up the 
profession of patent attorney and expert 
in patent causes, with offices on the top 
floor of the Exchange Building, 311 Main 
street. On May i. 1915, he moved his 
offices to the beautiful New Park Build- 
ing, corner of Main and Franklin streets, 
Worcester, where he is associated with 
Mr. Kennedy, under the firm name of 
Fowler & Kennedy, patent attorneys, of 
which Mr. Fowler is senior partner. The 
nature of his profesion is such that a 
comparatively few become acquainted 
with his merits and ability, and although 
he ranks high in his profession, he is 
better known through his connection with 
various organizations devoted to public 
service. He was president of the Wor- 
cester Board of Trade in 1900 and 1901, 
his natural fitness and ability for the posi- 
tion and his public spirit and interest in 
the public welfare of Worcester direct- 
ing attention to him, and he was recog- 
nized as a very capable and efficient presi- 
dent. While at the head of the Board of 
Trade there was spontaneous movement 
to run Mr. Fowler for the office of mayor 
of Worcester, and he could have had the 
Republican nomination with the support 
of all the newspapers, but he declined the 
honor on account of the pressure of his 
private business. The only public office 
he has accepted is that of park commis- 
sioner of Worcester, which he now holds. 
He was a member of the commission 
appointed by Governor Foss to consider 
the preservation of Lake Quinsigamond. 
He is a trustee of the Worcester Acad- 
emy, of the Worcester County Institution 
for Savings, director in the Wright Wire 
Company, the Morgan Spring Company, 
and other corporations. He is a member 
of the Worcester Society of Antiquity, 



the Worcester Economic Club, the Public 
Education Association of Worcester, the 
Worcester County Musical Association, 
the Massachusetts Civic League, the 
Massachusetts Forestry Association, the 
National Conference of Charities and 
Correction, the American Civic Associa- 
tion, the National Municipal League, and 
the National Geographic Society. Mr. 
Fowler is also a member of the Engi- 
neers' Club of New York City. He is 
an honorary member of the Worcester 
Continentals. Although Mr. Fowler was 
reared a Quaker, he and his family are 
attendants of the Central Congregational 
Church, and he was active in the build- 
ing committee, the board of assessors 
and the music committee, while Mrs. 
Fowler served on the woman's commit- 
tee. Mr. Fowler married, November 17, 
1875, Helen Maria Wood, a daughter of 
Stillman and Harriet (Clark) Wood, of 
Barre, Vermont. Children : Henry Wood, 
mentioned below ; Susan Bennett, born 
in Worcester, Massachusetts, January i, 
1885, died in that city, June 6, 1892. 

(IX) Henry Wood Fowler, only son of 
Rufus Bennett and Helen M. (Wood) 
Fowler, was born November 11, 1876, at 
Staiiford Springs, Connecticut, and died at 
Boston, February 17, 1912. He was edu- 
cated in the public schools of Worcester, 
at Worcester Academy, graduating in 
1894, and at Harvard College, from which 
he was graduated in 1898 with the degree 
of Bachelor of Arts, magna cum laude, 
with honorable mention in Latin and 
history. He continued his studies at 
Harvard and received the degree of 
Bachelor of Laws in 1901. He was ad- 
mitted to practice in the Massachusetts 
Supreme Judicial Court in 1901 ; in the 
United States Circuit Court in 1903, and 
in the United States Supreme Court in 
1905. For two years after graduation he 
was in the law office of Charles M. 



159 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Thayer and Henry F. Harris, in Worces- 
ter, and afterward was associated with 
his father in patent practice. He had 
marked Hterary tastes and assisted for 
about a year in the editorial management 
of the "Worcester Magazine," published 
by the Board of Trade, to which he was 
a frequent contributor. He pursued a 
wide and varied range of reading, and 
was familiar with the masterpieces of 
English, French and German literature. 
He was a member of the Harvard Club, 
of Worcester, the Worcester Club, the 
Quinsigamond Boat Club, and the Winter 
Club. He married, September 14, 1904, 
Mabel Curtis Price, of Worcester. He 
resided at No. 3 Tuckerman street, Wor- 
cester, and had a summer home at Con- 
way, New Hampshire. Children: Helen, 
born February 24, 1906; Margaret, June 
7, 1909; Anne, September 9, 1910. 



CRISTY, Austin Phelps, 
Journalist. 

The surname Cristy is a variation in 
spelling of Christy or Christie, a very 
ancient Scotch surname, derived from the 
personal name Christian or some of its 
variations. As a baptismal name Christus, 
Christ, Christian was in use from the 
beginning of the Christian era. Accord- 
ing to an old tradition, the progenitor of 
the Christy family established the first 
Christian church in Scotland. A branch 
of the family went from Scotland to the 
north of Ireland with the Covenanters 
and in the counties of Ulster province the 
family is still fairly numerous, as shown 
by the census of 1890. Most of the 
Cristy and Christie families in this 
country are from this branch of the 
family. Pioneers came to Massachusetts, 
Pennsylvania and the South. Rev. 
Thomas Davidson Christie, born at Sion 
Mills, County Tyrone, Ireland, January 



21, 1843, 3.n eminent divine, is now presi- 
dent of St. Paul's Collegiate Institute at 
Tarsus in Asia Minor. There is a family 
in New Jersey, descended from James 
Christie, a native of Scotland, who mar- 
ried, September 8, 1703, Magdalen Dema- 
rest at Schraalenburgen, New Jersey, and 
died April 16, 1768, aged ninety-seven 
years. He was doubtless the first settler 
of the family in this country. The New 
England branches descend from later 
immigrants. 

John "Crisdee" "a strainjour that came 
from Great Brittaine" published his inten- 
tion to marry Hannah Burrill at Lynn, 
July 30, 1720. Nothing further is known 
of him. In Essex county a family of the 
name of Cressey is sometimes taken for 
Cristy on account of the vagaries in 
spelling, but the various branches of this 
family have been traced, showing no con- 
nection with the name Cristy or Christie. 
Another John Christie settled in Marble- 
head ; had by his wife Mary: Margaret, 
baptized July 31, 1768; Sarah, baptized 
December 11, 1770, and his widow Mary 
died there, October 27, 1814, aged seven- 
ty-three years, six months. At Marble- 
head Mary Cristey married, in 1773, 
Thomas Meigs ; James Cristey, of 
Marblehead, married, January 22, 1789, 
Abigail Balch, at Bradford. Sarah 
"Chresdee" married, December 15, 1743. 
at Haverhill, Joseph Attwood. Sarah 
may have been of the Londonderry 
family. 

Jesse Cristey was the pioneer of the 
family at Londonderry, New Hampshire 
He was unquestionably one of the Scotch- 
Irish settlers and was in all probability 
son of Peter or William Christy, both of 
whom lived near or in Londonderry, 
Ireland, and signed the memorial to Gov- 
ernor Shute, of Massachusetts, dated 
March 26, 1718, asking preliminary ques- 
tions relative to a plan of emigration and 



160 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF EIOGRAPHY 



a portion of unoccupied land on which to 
settle their families. The gravestone o. 
Jesse Cristey shows that he died August 
8, 1739, aged sixty-seven years (p. 339 
Old Nutiield). He was buried in the old 
graveyard in what is now Derry, New 
Hampshire. Mary, his wife, died De- 
cember 24, 1776, aged seventy-nine years. 
The land records show that he had a lot 
laid out July 25, 1723, on the north side of 
Leverett Brook; seventy-six acres more 
of amendment land, January 23, 1729-30. 
In 1730 he was on a committee to defend 
the town boundaries of Londonderry. 
His signature shows that he spelled the 
name Cristey. In 1731 he was on a com- 
mittee to consider sending a call to 
Ireland for a new minister. He was high- 
way surveyor in 1732-33. His will was 
dated August 4, 1739, proved October 31, 
1739. He bequeathed to wife Mary and 
children, Peter, James, Margaret McFar- 
land, Agnes, Jean, George, Alary, Ann, 
Thomas. Robert Boyes and Thomas 
Cristey were executors. The son Peter 
died January 11, 1753, aged forty-three 
years (gravestone); was highway sur- 
veyor 1739-40-42-43, and selectman of 
Londonderry in 1749. Thomas Cristey 
also died at Londonderry, June 30, 1780 
(gravestone) ; his first wife Sarah died 
August 28, 1763, aged thirty-nine years; 
his second wife Martha died December 
II, 1780, aged forty-six years. No further 
records were found in Londonderry of 
the first settler. Captain George Cristy, 
son of Jesse Cristey, settled in New Bos- 
ton, New Hampshire, about 1750, and 
died there April 22, 1790, aged fifty-eight 
years ; married Margaret Kelso, daughter 
of Alexander Kelso, of Londonderry, and 
had Anna, Jesse, Thomas, John, George, 
Mary, Nancy, Margaret. About the same 
time Deacon Jesse Cristy came from Lon- 
donderry to New Boston ; married Mary 
Gregg, daughter of Samuel Gregg, and 

MASS— Vol. III-ll I 



had children : Jeane, Peter, Samuel, 
John, Alary, Elizabeth, James, Mary 
Ann, Jesse, Robert, Ann and William. 

(I) Captain John Cristy was probably 
a nephew of Jesse Cristey, of London- 
derry. Neither he nor Deacon Jesse of 
New Boston were mentioned in the will 
of the first Jesse. He was born in 1714 
and settled in Londonderry, New Hamp- 
shire, as early as 1746. He bought, Feb- 
ruary 20, 1750, some fifty acres of land 
of Halbert Morison for six hundred 
pounds, old tenor. This farm was origin- 
ally laid out in 1728 to William Nickles, 
of Londonderry, and though the old land- 
marks are now gone, it was a part of what 
is now the Senter farm in the town of 
Windham. He is said to have been a sea 
captain. He became a large land owner. 
He bought land of Rev. John Kinkead 
and of David Bailey. He lived on the 
swell of land in the range on the brow of 
a hill on what is now the Senter place, 
an ideal site, commanding an excellent 
view of Cobbett's pond. He was keeper 
of an inn as well as a farmer and one of 
the foremost citizens of the town of 
Windham; selectman in 1748, 1756, 1762, 
1763, 1765, 1766; moderator of the annual 
town meetings in 1753, 1754, 1757, 1764 
and 1765. He was married three times. 
His first wife was Elizabeth; his second 
wife Jane, who died January 9, 1761, in 
her forty-seventh year, and his third wife 
Alary, who died February 4, 1767, in her 
twenty-seventh year. He and his wives 
are buried in the Hill Cemetery in Wind- 
ham, and their gravestones are standing. 
He died December 18, 1766, in the fifty- 
third year of his age. Children, born in 
Windham: i. Elizabeth, born September 
13, 1747; married John Morrow, Jr., and 
David Smiley. 2. Moses, mentioned be- 
low. 

(II) Moses Cristy, son of John Cristy, 
was born at Windham, January 30, 1763. 



61 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



A large part of his father's property was 
left to him by will, but the estate was 
largely involved and but little was ever 
realized. His guardian was Samuel Barr, 
of Londonderry. Moses Cristy was an 
early settler at New Boston, New Hamp- 
shire, where others of the Cristy family 
located. He married at New Boston, 
Rebecca Clark, daughter of W'illiam and 
Ann (Wallace) Clark, also of Scotch- 
Irish stock. She was born in New Boston, 
July 22, i'/j2, and died October 6, 1818. 
Pie died January 4, 1832. Children, born 
at New Boston: i. John, mentioned be- 
low. 2. Ann, born August 28, 1790, died 
at Lowell, Massachusetts, August 17. 
1854; married (first) Stephen Durant, of 
Gofifstown ; (second) John Cargill, and 
lived at Lowell. 3. William C, born Au- 
gu.st 14, 1792, died in Charlestown, Mas- 
sachusetts ; married. May 16, 1820, Han- 
nah Taylor. 4. David, born September 
22, 1794, died September 7, 1802. 5. 
Robert, born January 22, 1797. died 
March 11, 1797. 6. Infant, died young. 
7. James, born February 6, 1800; was in 
the provision business in New York City 
and in the confectionery and sugar trade ; 
married, June 3, 1830, Eliza Jane Dodge ; 
lived in Brooklyn, New York. 8. Eliza- 
beth, born January 18, 1802; married 
Ezra Harthan, of New Boston, and 
resided at Great Falls, New Hampshire; 
died April 24, 1835. 9. Letitia, born May 
18, 1804, died September 24, 1826. 10. 
Sumner J., born May 26, 1807, died at 
Mount Vernon, New Hampshire, June 5, 
1873; married (first) October 5, 1830, 
Sarah Hooper, who died May 4, 1854; 
married (second) June 14, 1855, Emily 
Waiting, of New Boston, who died De- 
cember 9, 1867; married (third) May 27, 
1868, Mrs. Theresa Dickey ; he died June 
5, 1873. II. Mary, born June 18, 1809, 
died June 11, 1836; married Ezra Har- 
than. 12. Moses, born April 21, 1815, died 



June. 1815. 13. Moses, born October 17, 
1817; partner of his brother James, 1851 
to 18S0; then sole owner of the business; 
married (first) October 28, 1844, Harriet 

A. Wooley, of Morristown, New Jersey, 
who died at Brookside, New Jersey, May 
30, 1S74; married (second) June 7, 1876, 
Mary E. Loomis, of Norwich, Connec- 
ticut ; he resided at Greenwich, Connecti- 
cut. 

(III) John (2) Cristy, son of Moses 
Cristy, was born in New Boston, January 
9, 1789. He removed to Johnson, Ver- 
mont, where he died April 9, 1867. He 
married (first) August 20, 1812, Polly 

B. Dodge, of New Boston. She died in 
April, 1814, and he married (second) 
Alarch II, 1818, Roxanna Baker, who was 
born at Topsfield, Massachusetts, and 
died at Johnson, Vermont, July 22, 1866. 
Child by first wife: i. Ephraim D., Tjorn 
October 24, 1813. Children by second 
wife : 2. John Baker, mentioned below. 
3. Rebecca C, born March 2, 1821, died 
January 19, 1824. 4. Harriet B., born 
December 10, 1823 ; married, March, 1855, 
Elmore Johnson ; resided in W^inchester, 
Massachusetts, W^aterbury, Vermont, and 
later in Burlington, Vermont, and Tops- 
field, Massachusetts. 5. Mary Brown, 
born January 16, 1825; married, Novem- 
ber, 1850, Dr. Horace Poole Wakefield; 
lived at Monson, Reading and Leicester, 
Massachusetts. 6. Robert C, born April 
24. 1827; married, in March, 1856, Mehit- 
able Johnson. 7. Joseph W'ashington, 
born September 28, 1829; married, No- 
vember 30, 1854, Sarah Whiting; resided 
at Johnson, Vermont, at Ringwood and 
Kantegee, Illinois. 8. Francis E.. born 
August 3, 1831, died May, 1852. 

(IV) John Baker Cristy, son of John 
(2) Cristy, was born at New Boston, New 
Hampshire, August 5, 1819. He was 
educated in the public schools. He lived 
in Charlestown, Massachusetts, at W^ater- 



162 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



bury, Vermont, at Woburn, Massachu- 
setts, and at Butler, Illinois, where he 
died December 13, 1875. He married 
(first) May i, 1845, Louisa Lydia Cook, 
who was born at Morristown, Vermont, 
a daughter of Jonathan and (San- 
ford) Cook. He married (second) Octo- 
ber, 1859, Caroline Johnson, daughter of 
Cephas Johnson, of Winchester, Massa- 
chusetts. Children by first wife: i. 
Justin, born November 26, 1846, drowned 
at Monson, Alassachusetts, in August, 
1872; unmarried. 2. Austin Phelps, men- 
tioned below. Children by second wife : 

3. Walter, born July 28, 1861, deceased. 

4. Roxanna, born September 3, 1870. 5. 
Harriet M., born June 2, 1875. 

(V) Austin Phelps Cristy, son of John 
Baker Cristy, was born May 8, 1850, at 
Morristown, Vermont. He received his 
early education in the public schools of 
Reading, and was graduated from the 
Reading High School in 1868. He com- 
pleted his preparation for college at Mon- 
son Academy, graduating in the class of 
1869, and entered Dartmouth College, 
from which he was graduated with the 
degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1873. After- 
ward he studied law in the office of Leon- 
ard & Wells of Springfield for a year and 
a half, when he was admitted to the bar 
at Springfield. Immediately afterward 
he began to practice his profession at 
Marblehead, Massachusetts. After one 
year he removed to Worcester, Massachu- 
setts, and opened a law office in the 
Taylor Building, No. 476 Main street. 
In 1882 he was appointed assistant clerk 
of the Central District Court of Worces- 
ter county and he filled this office until 
September, 1884. On November 30, 1884, 
Air. Cristy established the Worcester 
"Sunday Telegram." Two years later the 
"Daily Telegram" was established. The 
growth of the "Telegram" was rapid and 
steady. It became the leading newspaper 



of Central Massachusetts and for many 
years has been one of the most influential 
and prosperous newspapers of New Eng- 
land. In politics Mr. Cristy is a Repub- 
lican, and his newspaper has been of in- 
estimable value to the party in many 
campaigns. During the past thirty years 
Mr. Cristy has devoted himself with re- 
markable energy and brilliant results to 
his newspaper. In July, 1899, the plant 
was moved from No. 386 Main street to 
Franklin Square and a thoroughly mod- 
ern equipment added. In November, 
1910, the "Telegram" moved from the 
location in Franklin Square to a hand- 
some new building on Franklin street, 
facing the Common, built by Mr. Cristy 
for the exclusive purpose of publishing 
the newspaper. A new and larger press 
was installed, new linotype machines and 
equipment added. Air. Cristy's home on 
Salisbury street is an imposing and very 
attractive structure, of southern colonial 
style and most artistic, both the exterior 
and interior as well as the grounds sur- 
rounding it. He is a member of the 
Worcester Automobile Club and of the 
Worcester Country Club. 

Air. Cristy married (first) in March, 
1876, Alary Elizabeth Bassett, who died 
in November, 1913, daughter of Henry 
and Mary (Paige) Bassett, of Ware, 
Massachusetts. He married (second) 
January 12, 1915, Katherine V. Horan. 
Children, born in Worcester: i. Horace, 
born in December, 1876; educated in the 
public schools of Worcester, the Classical 
High School and Dartmouth College 
(Bachelor of Arts, 1900) ; associated with 
his father in the publication of the Wor- 
cester "Telegram ;" married Caro Ells- 
worth, daughter of J. Lewis and Lizzie 
(Richmond) Ellsworth, of Worcester. 2. 
Austin Phelps, Jr., fitted for college in 
the Worcester schools and entered Dart- 
mouth College from which he graduated 



163 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



in 1902 ; was drowned at Chesterfield, 
New Hampshire, June 17, 1902. 3. Mary 
Lavinia, born in 1882. 4. Roger Henry, 
born in 1886; educated in the public 
schools and private schools in Worcester 
and at the Military School, Ossining, 
New York. 5. Edna Virginia, born in 
1888; graduate of the Bennett School, 
New York. 



FOSTER, Herbert A., 

Prominent Architect and Builder. 

Anarcher, Great Forester of Flanders, 
died A. D. 837, leaving a son, Baldwin I. 
of Flanders, called the "Iron Arm" be- 
caused of his great strength ; this son 
married Princess Judith, daughter of 
Charles the Bald, and died at Arras, A. D. 
877, being succeeded by his son Baldwin 
II. of Flanders, who married Princess 
Alfrith, daughter of Alfred the Great, 
King of England, and died in 919, leaving 
a son Arnulf of Flanders, the Forester, 
who succeeded him and who in 988 was 
succeeded by his son, Baldwin III. of 
Flanders, called "of the handsome beard." 
a ' famous warrior who defended his 
country against the combined forces of 
Emperor Henry, King Robert of France 
and the Duke of Normandy. He mar- 
ried the daughter of Count Luxemborg 
and died in 1034, leaving a son who suc- 
ceeded him, Baldvi'in IV. also called "Lc 
Debonaire," who married Princess Adella, 
daughter of King Robert of France and 
had Sir Richard, Forester, who with his 
father and William the Conqueror (his 
brother-in-law through marriage with his 
sister Matilda or Maud) passed over into 
England and was knighted after the 
battle of Hastings. 

Sir Richard was succeeded by his son 
Sir Hugo, also Forester, who marched 
against Magnus of Norway A. D. iioi, 
defeated and slew him; he died in 1121 



leaving a son Sir Reginald, knighted by 
King Stephen for valiant service at the 
battle of the Standard in 1138, died in 
1 1 56, leaving as his successor his son Sir 
William, Forester, who fought with great 
valor in Wales in 1163 and 1165, departed 
to France in 1166, returned to England 
and died in 1176, being then succeeded 
by his son, Sir John Forester, who accom- 
panied Richard I. to Palestine in the 
Crusades and was knighted there. He 
died in 1220 and was succeeded by his 
son. Sir Randolph Forester, who died in 
1256 and was succeeded by his son. Sir 
Alfred Forester, knighted on the battle- 
field of Eversham in 1265 died in 1284, 
being succeeded by his son. Sir Reginald 
Forester, who fought at Bannockburn in 
1314 and died in 132S, leaving descendants 
who were great chieftains and closely 
allied to royalty in Scotland, Ireland, 
Wales and England. Sir Reginald's suc- 
cessor was Sir Richard Forester, who 
fought at Crecy in 1346, at Poitiers in 
1356, was knighted for his valor, died in 
1371. He was succeeded by his son. Sir 
William Forester, who fought with 
Henry V. against the French, was 
knighted by his sovereign. He was suc- 
ceeded by his son, Sir Thomas Forster of 
Etherton Castle, baronet, born 1397; 
married Joan Elwerden, co-heiress to the 
Earldom of Angus, and by her had Sir 
Thomas Forster, baronet, who married 
the daughter of Featherstonbaugh of 
Stanhope Hall, Durham, chief of the clan 
Featherston, and by her had Sir Thomas 
Forster, third son, high sheriff of North- 
umberland in 1564 and 1572; married 
Dorothy, daughter of Ralph, Lord Ogle 
of Ogle (a family of great antiquity) and 
had Sir Thomas Forster, eldest son, of 
Featherston, baronet. The latter mar- 
ried the daughter of Lord Wharton of 
Wharton and was of Adderstone. high 
sheriff of Northumberland, and had Cuth- 
164 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



bert Forster, who by wife Elizabetli 
Bradford had Sir Matthew Forster, baro- 
net, his successor, and Thomas Forster 
of Brunton, Esquire, who married twice, 
and by second wife, Elizabeth Carr, had 
three sons, the youngest of whom Regi- 
nald Forster, married Judith and 

with her and their seven children came 
to America in 1638. The foregoing 
account is abstracted from records com/- 
piled by Joseph Foster, of London, Eng- 
land, half a century ago, and shows the 
origin of the surname in the office of 
Forester, its use as a surname from 
about A. D. 1200 and the modification in 
spelling. 

(I) Reginald Foster, mentioned above, 
the American pioneer ancestor, was born 
in Brunton, England, about 1595, and 
came with his wife Judith and seven chil- 
dren to this country in 1638, settling in 
Ipswich, Massachusetts, where he re- 
ceived a grant of land in 1641 and became 
a leading citizen. He held various town 
offices, and was well-to-do for the times. 
His wife Judith died in October, 1664, 
and he married (second) Sarah, widow of 
John Martin. She married (third) Wil- 
liam White, of Haverhill, Massachusetts. 
His will was dated April 30, 1680, proved 
June 9, 1681. Children, all by the first 
wife, born in England : Mary, about 
1618; Sarah, 1620; Abraham, at Exeter, 
England, 1622; Isaac, 1630; William, 
1633 ; Jacob, mentioned below ; Reginald, 
1636. 

(II) Deacon Jacob Foster, son of Regi- 
nald Foster, was born in England about 
1635, and died at Ipswich, Massachusetts, 
July 9, 1710. His gravestone at Ipswich 
is still standing. He also became a promi- 
nent citizen in Ipswich ; was deacon of 
the first church and a town officer. He 
lived in the first house of his father near 
the stone bridge on the present Heard 
estate on the south side of the Ipswich 



river. He married (first) January, 1658, 
Martha Kinsman, who died October 15, 
1666, daughter of Robert, Jr., and Martha 
(Wait) Kinsman. He married (second) 
February 26, 1667, Abigail Lord, who 
died June 4, 1729. Children by first wife, 
bom at Ipswich : Judith, born October 
20, 1659, died soon ; John, born and died 
in 1660; Jacob, May 15, 1662, died young; 
Mary, 1664, died January 11, 1666-67; 
Sarah, August 3, 1665. Children by sec- 
ond wife: Jacob, March 25, 1670; Abra- 
ham, mentioned below; Amos, August 15, 
1672, died October 12, 1672; Abigail, July 

3, 1674; Nathaniel, October 7, 1676; 
Samuel, September 10, 1678; Joseph, 
September 14, 1680; James, November 12, 
1682; Mary, December 25, 1684. 

(HI) Abraham Foster, son of Jacob 
Foster, was born at Ipswich, December 

4, 1671, and died there December 25, 1720. 
He was a carpenter. He married, July 
2, 1699, Abigail Parsons, who died Octo- 
ber 8, 1732. Children, born at Ipswich: 
Jeremiah, mentioned below; Abraham, 
born April 11, 1702, died May 20, 1702; 
Nathaniel, April 11, 1706, died young; 
Judith, baptized March 15, 1713; Mary, 
May 15, 1715; Abraham, August 5, 1716; 
Nathaniel, August 9, 1719; Abigail, mar- 
ried Daniel Saflford ; Sarah, married 
(first) John Rust, (second) Jacob Par- 
sons. 

(IV) Jeremiah Foster, son of Abraham 
Foster, was born at Ipswich, about 1700. 
He and Richard Harris, of Ipswich, bought 
of Benjamin Morse, of Harvard, one hun- 
dred and twelve acres of land in Stow, 
and Foster had the eastern half. In 1743 
he was among the first settlers of Dor- 
chester, Canada (Ashburnham), Massa- 
chusetts. He located west of Lake 
Naukeag on Foster Hill, as it has since 
been called. We are told that he was of 
exemplary character, reserved, indus- 
trious, honest, a kind neighbor and an 



'65 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



excellent citizen. He died at Ashburn- 
ham, December 12, 1788. He married 
(intention dated at Ipswich, June 21, 
1735) Rebecca ^letcalf, a widow. 

(V) Deacon Samuel Foster, son of 
Jeremiah Foster, was born at Ipswich, 
January 8, 1741. He became a worthy 
and influential citizen of Ashburnham 
and his name is frequently mentioned in 
the town records and history. He played 
the clarionet for many years in the 
church. He was a member of the com- 
mittee on correspondence and inspection 
in 1777 and this service entitles his de- 
scendants to membership in the patriotic 
Revolutionary societies. He was select- 
man in 1785-86-88-89-90-92-99. He was 
on the committe on new meeting house 
in 17S9 and 1791. and was deacon of the 
church. He married, July 6, 1769, Sus- 
anna Wood, born April 14, 1750, died 
October 31, 1839, daughter of Bennet and 
Lydia (Law) Wood. Children, born at 
Ashburnham : Abraham, born April 8, 
1770; Nathaniel, December 26, 1771 ; 
Jeremiah Bennet, October 14, 1773; 
Samuel, mentioned below ; Hosea, Au- 
gust I, 1778; Joel, August 21, 1780; 
Amos, November 16, 1782; Obadiah, Oc- 
tober 25, 1786; Susanna, April 25, 1789; 
Dorothy, November 25, 1790. 

(VI) Samuel Foster, son of Samuel 
Foster, was born at Ashburnham, Feb- 
ruary 9, 1776. He settled in Stoddard, 
New Hampshire, in 1799. and his name 
appears on the tax-list of 1800. He mar- 
ried, February 5, 1799, Lydia Stearns. 
who was born March 24, 1780, daughter 
of William and Lydia (Davis) Stearns, 
and granddaughter of Hon. Isaac Stearns, 
of Billerica, who served in the French 
and Indian War, was representative to 
the General Court and State Senator (son 
of John, grandson of John, great-grand- 
son of Isaac Stearns, the immigrant 
from Wayland, England, settled at 



W'atertown, Massachusetts). Children of 
Samuel Foster: Stearns, born Decem- 
ber 26, 1799; Lydia, August 22, 1801 ; 
Maria, April 29, 1804; Hosea, mentioned 
below; Selina, July 5, 1809; Emily, De- 
cember 19, 181 1 ; Samuel, November 29, 
1815; Electa, November 10, 1817, died 
young; Electa, June 10, 1825. 

(VII) Hosea Foster, son of Samuel 
Foster, was born at Stoddard, New 
Hampshire, April 13, 1806. He lived on 
the homestead on Pinnacle Hill until 1868 
when he bought a farm in Keene, west of 
the city. He was a man of steady, indus- 
trious, habits, sound and conservative 
judgment and always held the respect 
and confidence of his neighbors and 
townspeople. He and his father before 
him carried on a blacksmith shop in con- 
nection with the farm and manufactured 
much of the hardware used in the build- 
ings erected at that time. He was killed 
on West Hill, in Keene, New Hampshire, 
February 7, 1872, by the overturning of 
a load of wood under which he was 
crushed. He married, November 7, 1833, 
Mary G. Rice, who was born in Wor- 
cester, March 14, 1816, and died July 2, 
1895, daughter of Peter and Sally 
(Moore) Rice. Her father removed from 
Worcester to Stoddard ; her mother was 
a daughter of W^illiam and Polly (Gates) 
Moore, of Worcester. Jonathan Rice, 
father of Peter, married, March 12, 1786, 
Mary Stevens, of Auburn ; he died May 
3, 1834, aged seventy ; his wife died Feb- 
ruary 19, 1848. Comfort Rice, father of 
Jonathan, married Martha Morris, of 
Woodstock, Connecticut ; he died in Au- 
gust, 1818, aged eighty-seven years; she 
died at Auburn, in June, 1812, aged 
eighty-one. Lieutenant Gershom Rice, 
father of Com,fort, died at W'orcester, 
September 24, 1781, aged eighty-five 
years ; married Esther Haynes, of Sud- 
bury, who died August 16, 1770, aged 



166 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



seventy-three years. Gershom Rice, 
father of Gershom, was the second settler 
of Worcester, his brother Jonas being 
first in the third and permanent settle- 
ment in 1715, removing from Marlbor- 
ough. They were known as the "fathers 
of the town" of Worcester and served on 
the committee to secure incorporation. 
Gershom married Elizabeth Balcom, 
daughter of Henry and Elizabeth. He 
died December 19, 1768, aged one hun- 
dred years, seven months and ten days. 
Thomas Rice, father of Gershom, St., 
died at Marlborough, November 16, 1681. 
He was a son of Edm.und Rice, one of 
the founders of Sudbury and a leading 
citizen, the immigrant ancestor of most 
of the Rice families of Massachusetts. 

Children of Hosea Foster: Alvin Rice, 
mentioned below ; Sarah Aloore, born 
April 9, 1837, died November 23, 1858; 
Edwin Stearns, born December 21, 1840, 
married Ella S. Houghton and Clara Fay ; 
Charles Merrick, born November 16, 
1843, married Josephine L. Paige ; Horace 
Elmore, born August 22, 1846, died Janu- 
ary 9, 1853; Ella Francelia, born Febru- 
ary 20, 1856, married Ellery E. Rugg. 

(VIII) Alvin Rice Foster, son of 
Hosea Foster, was born at Stoddard. Oc- 
tober 14, 1834. He was educated in the 
district schools and learned the carpen- 
ter's trade at Alstead, New Hampshire. 
When a young man he engaged in busi- 
ness as a contractor and builder in Keene, 
in partnership with Samuel Crossfield. 
From 1868 to 1885 he was in partnership 
in the same line of business with his 
brother Edwin S. Foster under the name 
of Foster Brothers. After the firm was 
dissolved each of the partners continued in 
business alone. Alvin R. Foster finally 
retired from business and spent the last 
five years of his life on a farm in Swan- 
zey, New Hampshire, near the Keene 
line. Among the more important work of 



the firm was the building of the First 
Congregational Church of Keene; the 
Cheshire County Jail buildings ; the first 
buildings at the Mt. Hermon School, and 
East Hall at the Northfield School for 
Girls. They remodelled the city hall of 
Keene and built many other buildings 
and residences in Keene and vicinity. He 
died July 7, 1905. He was a staunch 
Republican and a member of St. Pau! 
Masonic Lodge of Alstead. He served 
two years in the Civil War and was must- 
ered out on account of ill health. Hl- 
enlisted in 1861 and was sergeant of Com- 
pany I, Ninth Regiment, New Hampshire 
Volunteer Infantry. He married (first) 
February 2, 1866, Mary J. Sargent, who 
died June 15, 1877, daughter of Daniel 

D. and Mary (Chase) Sargent. He 
married (second) June 13, 1880, Eliza 
A. Scott, widow. Children, by first wife, 
born at Stoddard : Herbert Alvin, men- 
tioned below ; Nellie May, born in Keene, 
New Hampshire, Septen^ber 17, 1872, 
married Edgar Cook, of Springfield, 
Vermont, and has one child, Lizzie Cook. 

(IX) Herbert Alvin Foster, son of 
Alvin Rice Foster, was born at Stoddard, 
March 2/, 1867. He received his educa- 
tion in the public schools of Keene, New 
Hampshire, and became associated in 
business with his father, remaining with 
his father's firm until it was dissolved. He 
was afterward in business for himself as 
an architect and builder in Keene. Since 
March, 1907, he has been a director of the 

E. J. Cross Company, of Worcester, con- 
tractors and builders. This is one of the 
leading concerns of New England and 
has constructed some of the finest struc- 
tures in that section. Mr. Cross is presi- 
dent and treasurer and W. E. Holt is a 
director. Mr. Foster is a member of the 
Lodge of the Temple, Free Masons, of 
Keene, and of Cheshire Chapter, Royal 
Arch Masons ; of Beaver Brook Lodge of 



167 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Odd Fellows, of Keene ; of the Economic 
Club of Worcester and of All Saints' 
Protestant Episcopal Church. In politics 
he is a Republican. 

He married, June 6, 1888, Annie Burke, 
of East Swanzey, New Hampshire, 
daughter of Patrick and Joanna Burke. 
Children: i. Paul Rice, born at Keene, 
October i, 1889, graduate of the Keene 
High School. 1907, and of the Worces- 
ter Business Institute ; now secretary to 
the superintendent of the Reed-Prentice 
Company, Worcester. 2. Clifford Alvin, 
born July 26, 1893, graduate of the Eng- 
lish High School, Worcester, now student 
at Norwich University, class of 1915. 3. 
Russell Chase, born June 16, 1898, at 
Keene, student in the Commercial High 
School, class of 191 5. 4. Emerson Sar- 
gent, born at Worcester, June 16, 1908. 



THE LAVALLY FAMILY. 

The name of Lavally is undoubtedly of 
French origin, and has probably under- 
gone some changes in spelling down to 
the present time. It is supposed to have 
originated in the Channel Islands, which 
were inhabited by French people, though 
under English jurisdiction, and was 
brought to this country about the begin- 
ning of the eighteenth century. 

(I) Peter Lavally is supposed to have 
been born in the Channel Islands, and 
died in Warwick, Rhode Island, in 1757. 
He was a fisherman at Marblehead, Mas- 
sachusetts, where he is first found of 
record, and in November, 1727, exchanged 
his real estate in that town with Rev. 
George Pigott, an Episcopal clergyman 
of Warwick, Rhode Island. He at once 
removed to the latter town where he was 
admitted a freeman, March 4, 1728. His 
wife Sarah probably accompanied him 
from Europe, as nothing is known of her 
beyond her baptismal name. They had 



children: Peter; John; Michael; Mary, 

married King ; Margaret, married 

October 30, 1726, Christopher Bulier or 
Bubois ; Sarah, married Peleg Cook. 

(II) Michael Lavally, son of Peter and 
Sarah Lavally. was admitted freeman in 
Warwick, June 5, 1741. He married, Au- 
gust 26, 1757, Alm,y Bailey, and had chil- 
dren: Peter, Benjamin, Caleb, Mary, 
Almy or Amy. 

(III) Caleb Lavally, third son of 
Michael and Almy (Bailey) Lavally, was 
born about 1770, and lived in Warwick. 
He married Alice Fenner. born September 

2, 1775, daughter of Captain Arthur (3) 
Fenner, of Cranston (see Fenner IV) 
died October 16. 1858. Children: Uriah 
W., born June 11, 1793: Waity, June 27, 
1795; Sterry B., July 26, 1797; Joanna, 
October 18, 1799. married Caleb Reming- 
ton, died May 6. 1876; Benjamin, April 

3, 1801 ; Warren, mentioned below ; Chris- 
topher, May 6, 181 1. 

(IV) Warren Lavally, son of Caleb 
and Alice (Fenner) Lavally, was born 
August 15. 1805, in Warwick, and died 
in California, in 1852. He married, July 
3, 1831. Xancy T., born in Westport, 
Massachusetts, daughter of Daniel (2) 
and Sybil (Rogers) Whalen, of Dart- 
mouth. Massachusetts, granddaughter of 
Daniel (i) and Abigail (Collins) Whalen, 
who were married March 11, 1779, in that 
town. Daniel (2) Whalen was born April 
18. 1780, in Dartmouth, and there married, 
October 7. 1804. Sybil Rogers, born June 
II, 1786. eldest child of Gideon and Sarah 
(Mosher) Rogers, of Dartmouth (see 
Rogers V). Mrs. Nancy T. Lavally died 
in February, 1900, in Fall River, Massa- 
chusetts, and was buried in Oak Grove 
Cemetery of that city. Children: Alice, 
married Henry Brightman ; Gideon, died 
young; Hannah, deceased; Daniel, died 
young; Rebecca, died young; Francis, 
died young; Arthur, died young; Benja- 

68 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



min, served in the Civil War, and died in 
1900; Eliza J., married Elisha Capen, of 
Fall River; Nancy M., mentioned below. 
(V) Nancy M. Lavally, youngest child 
of Warren and Nancy T. (Whalen) La- 
vally, was born February 26, 1852, in Fall 
River, and married, March 12, 1874, Julius 
Kay Davol. born August 31, 1852, in 
W^estport, Massachusetts, son of George 
F. and Jane (Kay) Davol, grandson of 
Jeremiah Davol, and great-grandson of 
Abner Davol, who was a well known 
citizen of Westport, a member of the So- 
ciety of Friends, and a prominent minis- 
ter of that sect. Jane Kay, wife of George 
F. Davol, was born on the Island of St. 
Helena, in the West Indies, daughter of 
Archibald and Jane (Tracy) Kay. Julius 
Kay Davol is a well known citizen of Fall 
River, where he has been an officer of 
the police department for the past twenty- 
seven years. Mrs. Davol is a member of 
Quequechan Chapter, Daughters of the 
American Revolution, of Fall River. 
Children : Maude Alice, died young ; 
Eugene Warren, married Addie Lincoln 
Wilbur, of Tiverton, Rhode Island, and 
has three children: Marion Fenner, 
Dorothy Lincoln and Dale Franklin 
Davol. 

(The Penner Line). 

(I) Arthur Fenner, born 1622, prob- 
ably a son of Thomas Fenner, was a 
very prominent citizen of Rhode Island. 
Thomas Fenner died at Branford, Con- 
necticut, May 15, 1647. The inventory of 
his estate amounted to sixty pounds, 
nineteen shillings, besides sixteen pieces 
of Dutch money, a boat, beaver skins, etc., 
implements of his trade with the Indians. 
Arthur Fenner was settled in Providence 
as early as 1650 and purchased sixty 
acres of upland and two pieces of meadow 
and other land there, July 27, 1650, and 
April 27, 1652. He also had a lot in a 
division made February 19, 1665. He 



was appointed by the assembly chief 
commander of the king's garrison at 
Providence, and all of the garrisons "not 
to eclipse Captain Williams' power m the 
exercise of the trainband there." On Au- 
gust 24, 1676, he was appointed a member 
of a court marshal to try Indians at New- 
port and was discharged with his men at 
the garrison, October 26, 1676. He was 
appointed on a committee to prepare the 
laws of the colony for printing. May 5, 
1680, and on September 10, 1683, was 
appointed with Major Peleg Sanford to 
go to England on business of the colony. 
In 1687-88 he was a justice of the General 
Quarter Session, and in the Superior 
Court of Common Pleas. With his two 
brothers, William and John, he was 
chosen to run the north line of the colony. 
His ratable estate, August 10, 1688, was 
placed at three hundred and thirty-eight 
acres, including pasture, orchard and 
meadow, twenty-seven neat cattle, five 
horses, ten sheep and three swine. To 
this statement he added, "This is a just 
account. I pray be not unmindful of the 
Golden Rule." He built and lived in the 
old Fenner house or castle, in Cranston, 
Rhode Island, where he died October 20, 
1703. This house was very grand for the 
time, the windows and other materials 
being imported from England. There is 
a family tradition that he was a lieutenant 
in Oliver Cromwell's army before coming 
to America. He must have been a very 
young man to hold such a position, as he 
appears in Rhode Island at the age of 
twenty-eight years. He was very active 
in both civil and military service in Rhode 
Island, where he was made a freeman in 
1655. In 1653, 1655, 1659-60 and 1662-63 
he was a commissioner; was assistant 
in 1657, 1665-66-67-68, 1672-73-74-75-76, 
1679-80-81-82-83-84-85-86 and 1690; was 
deputy to the General Court in 1664, 1670, 
1672, 1678-79, 1692 and 1699-1700; was a 



169 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



member of the Town Council, 1664-73, 
1677-78, and treasurer 1672-73. He married 
(first) Mehitable Waterman, daughter of 
Richard and Bethiah Waterman, died 1684. 
He married (second) December 16, 1684, 
Howlong Harris, born about 1641, daugh- 
ter of \\illiam and Susanna Harris, who 
survived him, and died November 19, 
1708. Children, all born of first marriage : 
Thomas, October 27, 1652 ; Arthur, men- 
tioned below; Sarah, buried November 7, 
1676; Freelove, born 1656; Bethiah, mar- 
ried Robert Kilton ; Phebe, married Jo- 
seph Latham. 

(II) Arthur (2) Fenner, second son of 
Arthur (i) and Mehitable (Waterman) 
Fenner, lived in Providence, where he 
died April 24, 1725. He was taxed five 
shillings and four pence, September i, 
16S7, and his ratable estate in the next 
year included eight neat cattle, six horses, 
two swine, a share of meadow, and 
eighty-eight acres of other land. He was 
a member of the Town Council in 1716-17, 
\~22-22,. deputy to the General Court in 
1707, 1710 and 1720. He married Mary 
Smith, daughter of John (2) and Sarah 
(Whipple) Smith, of Providence (see 
Smith II ). Children : Mary, died October 
7, 1745 ; Mercy, married Solomon Ruten- 
burg ; Arthur ; John ; Edward, mentioned 
below. 

(HI) Edward Fenner, youngest child 
of Arthur (2) and Mary (Smith) Fenner, 
resided in Cranston, where he was a 
farmer. He married (first) Phebe Bar- 
ton. He married (second) April 11, 1728, 
Amy, daughter of Richard Borden. Chil- 
dren : Edward; Arthur, mentioned below; 
John ; Stephen ; Sarah, married Colonel 
John Waterman ; Alice, second wife of 
Colonel John Waterman; Esther, married 
William Harrington ; Freelove, married 
Andrew Edmonds. 

(IV) Captain Arthur (3) Fenner, sec- 
ond son of Edward Fenner, was born 



1740, in Cranston, and died in Fairfield, 
New York, August 2^1, 1827. He was a 
prominent man of his generation and a 
soldier of the Revolution. He was a lieu- 
tenant and afterwards captain in Hitch- 
cock's and Lippitt's regiments, and par- 
ticipated in the battles of Trenton and 
Princeton in 1776. He had previously 
served in Arnold's unfortunate expedition 
against Quebec in the winter of 1775-76- 
For some twenty years preceding his 
death he received a pension of twenty 
dollars per month for his Revolutionary 
service. 

(V) Alice Fenner, daughter of Captain 
Arthur (3) Fenner, was born September 
2, 1775, and died August 16, 1858. She 
married Caleb Lavally. of W^arwick, 
Rhode Island (see Lavally III). 

(The Mosh»r Line). 

(I) Hugh Mosher came to Boston in 
1636, and soon settled at Salem. He was 
a son of Stephen Mosher, of Manchester, 
England, and was a friend of Roger Wil- 
liams, with whom he went to Rhode 
Island. He was appointed ensign by the 
General Court in 1669. and distinguished 
himself in King Philip's War. Through 
the influence of Roger Williams he re- 
ceived title to one-fifth of the town of 
Westerly, October 4, 1676, and died at 
Newport in 1694. He married Lydia 
Mason, and they had children: Hugh, 
John. Nicholas, Joseph, Daniel and 
James. 

(II) Hugh (2) Mosher, eldest son of 
Hugh (i) and Lydia (Mason) Mosher, 
was born in 1633, lived in Providence and 
Portsmouth, and received a share of 
Westerly, but probably did not live there. 
He purchased land in Portsmouth as early 
as July 8, 1668, and was a member of the 
court marshal at Newport, August 24, 
1676, to try Indians. In 1664 he was 
made a freeman of the Rhode Island 



170 



EN'CYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Colony, and in 1684 was ordained pastor 
of the baptist church at Dartmouth, Mas- 
ST husetts, where he died in 1713. He 
niarrieJ Rebecca, daughter of John Harn- 
del, born 1633. died 1713, and had a second 
wife Sarah. Children: Nicholas, born 
1666; John, 1668; Joseph, 1670; James, 
1675; Rebecca, 1677; Daniel, mentioned 
below; Mary, 1679. 

(HI) Daniel Mosher. fifth son of Hugh 
(2) and Rebecca (Harndel) Mosher. was 
born in 1678 and died in 1751. He was a 
man of considerable property, and gave 
land to all of his sons in his will. He 
married, in 1704, Elizabeth Edwards, and 
they were the parents of the following 
children: Benjamin, born April 19. 1706; 
Daniel, July i, 1709; Micah, September 
27, 171 1 : Constant, mentioned below; 
Rachel, June 14. 1715: George, May 9, 
1717: Ephraim, December 8. 1718; Roger, 
March 30, 1720; Hugh. March 17, 1722; 
Patience, June 29, 1724: Mercy, October 
12, 1726. 

(IV) Constant Mosher, fourth son of 
Daniel and Elizabeth (Edwards) Mosher, 
was born September 11. 1713. in Dart- 
mouth, where he made his home, and 
married there. October 5. 1737, Sarah 
Sherman, daughter of Timothy and 
Deborah (Russell) Sherman. 

(V) Sarah Mosher, youngest of the 
eleven children of Constant and Sarah 
(Sherman) Mosher, was born in 1761 in 
Dartmouth, and was married, September 
2> 1778, to Gideon Rogers, of Dartmouth 
(,see Rogers V). 

(The Rogers Line). 

Among the earliest immigrants of this 
name was Thomas Rogers, who came to 
Plymouth in the "Mayflower" in 1620, 
and died the following year. According 
to Bradford's "History of Plymouth," all 
of his sons were married in 1650, and had 
manv children. His known sons were 



Joseph, John, William and Noah. It is 
l-elieved that he was also the father of 
Jjmes Rogers, the next mentioned. 

(I) James Rogers, supposed son of 
Thomas Rogers, lived in Newport, Rhode 
Island, where he was admitted an inhabi- 
tant before May 20, 1638; was made a 
freeman 9-14-1640, and died in 1676. He 
was a miller by occupation. His wife 
Mary survived him, and married (second) 
in 1677 John Peabody. She died in 1678. 
Children : Sarah, married Richard Knight ; 
Thomas, mentioned below; John, born 
October 8, 1641. 

(II) Thomas Rogers, eldest son of 
James and Mary Rogers, was born in 
1639 in Newport, where he made his 
home and where he was a proprietor of 
common lands as late as 1702. He was a 
freeman in 1668, and must have been 
possessed of considerable property as his 
taxes amounted to nineteen shillings and 
four pence in 1680. In i6g6 he purchased 
lands in Dartmouth for one hundred and 
ten pounds. His will bequeathed con- 
siderable parcels of land and large sums 
of money for that day to his children. 
He died November 23, 1719. His wife 
Sarah died after 1716. Children: James, 
Thomas. Jonathan, Sarah, John, Eliza- 
beth, Jeremiah, Joseph, Daniel, Samuel 
and Abigail. 

(HI) Daniel Rogers, son of Thomas 
and Sarah Rogers, lived in Dartmouth. 
He married, December 14. 1749, Hannah 
Fox, of Freetown, Massachusetts. Chil- 
dren : Jeremiah, born February 20, 1751 ; 
John, March 14, 1762, married Sarah 
AVood ; Susanna, married Silas Kirby, 
Jr. ; Gideon, mentioned below. 

(IV) Gideon Rogers, youngest child of 
Daniel and Hannah (Fox) Rogers, was 
in Dartmouth and was a soldier of the 
Revolution from that town. He served 
as sergeant in Captain Job Cook's (Six- 
teenth) company. Colonel Hathaway's 



171 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(Second Bristol County) regiment, from 
August 4 to August 8, 1780, on an alarm 
at Rhode Island, roll sworn to at Dart- 
mouth. He married, September 25, 1778, 
Sarah Mosher, daughter of Constant and 
Sarah (Sherman) Mosher, of Dartmouth 
(see Mosher IV). Children: Hannah, 
born November i, 1779; Rhoda, Febru- 
ary 4, 1 78 1, married Preserved Chase, 
June 6, 1799; Sarah, August 17, 1782; 
Jeptha, July 26, 1784, married Mercy 
Pool ; Sybil, mentioned below ; Mary, 
July 2, 1788; John, December 8, 1790, 
married, November 7, 1813, Mary Reed; 
Phebe. April 20, 1793; Polly, May 17, 
1795 ; Gideon, Sepetmber 4, 1797, died 
October 14, 1797; Gideon, October 11, 
1798, married Azuba Wordell ; Phebe 
Lois, December 10, 1801, married, March 
29, 1820, Jacob Reed; Joel, December 18, 
1805. 

(V) Sybil Rogers, fourth daughter of 
Gideon and Sarah (Mosher) Rogers, was 
born June 11, 1786, in Dartmouth, and 
was married, October 7, 1804, to Daniel 
(2) Whalen, of Westport (see Lavally 
IV). 



BLAKE, Fordyce Turner, 

Enterprising Business Man, 

William (2) Blake, son of William (i) 
Blake, of Pitminster, England, was bap- 
tized there, July 10, 1594. He married 
there, September 23, 1617, Agnes Band, 
widow, whose maiden name has not been 
ascertained. Some recent investigations, 
however, suggest that she may have been 
the widow of Richard Band and daughter 
of Hugh Thorne, of Pitminster, baptized 
January 12, 1594. In the same parish 
four of the children of William Blake 
were baptized, but from 1624 to 1636 his 
place of residence is unknown. It is be- 
lieved that he came to America in the fall 
of 1635, or early in 1636, and remained at 



Dorchester or Roxbury, making the ac- 
quaintance there of William Pynchon and 
others who were considering a plan of 
settlement in the Connecticut Valley. At 
any rate he was with Pynchon and his 
associates on May 14 and 16, 1636, when 
they drew up and signed the Articles of 
Association at Agawam, now Springfield, 
and he was one of the five to assign the 
lots and manage the affairs of the colony. 
He drew land there, but apparently de- 
cided to return to Dorchester and settle. 
He drew land in South Boston in March, 
1637-38. He was made a freeman in the 
colony, March 14, 1638-39. He was a 
man of integrity and ability. He was 
constable in 1641, selectman in 1645-47 
and 1651. In 1656 he was elected town 
clerk and "clerk of the writs for the 
county of Suffolk," and these offices he 
held until within six weeks of his death, 
which occurred October 25, 1663. He 
was also the clerk of the trainband. In 
his will he made a bequest for the repair- 
ing of the burying ground. Soon after 
his death, his widow, Agnes, removed to 
Boston, probably to live with her son 
John, or her only daughter. Anne Leager. 
She died in Dorchester. His estate was 
appraised at two hundred and twenty- 
four pounds. His children were : John, 
baptized at Pitminster, September 6, 1620, 
died at Boston, January 25, 1688-89; 
Anne, baptized at Pitminster, August 30, 
1618, died at Boston, July 12, 1681 ; Wil- 
liam, baptized at Pitminster, September 
6, 1620, died at Milton, Massachusetts, 
September 3, 1703; James, of further 
mention ; Edward, supposed to be the 
youngest child, died at Milton, Masschu- 
setts, September 3, 1692. 

(II) James Blake, son of William (2) 
and Agnes (Band) Blake, was born in 
Pitminster, England, and baptized there, 
April 27, 1624. He came to New Eng- 
land with his father. He lived in the 



172 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



northern part of Dorchester, his house, 
built about 1650, being of such substan- 
tial character that the town voted to 
model the parsonage after it in 1669, and 
it remained in the Blake family until 
1825. In 1895 it was removed from the 
original location on Cottage street to 
Richardsor; Park and the Dorchester His- 
torical Society secured possession of it 
and fitted it up for their purposes. From 
1658 to 1685 there was scarcely a year 
that Mr. Blake did not serve the town 
in some official capacity. He was select- 
man thirteen years, later constable, depu- 
ty to the General Court, clerk of the 
writs, recorder, sei^geant of the militia 
company. He was deacon of the Dor- 
chester church fourteen years and ruling 
elder for the same period. He was often 
called upon as administrator and in other 
capacities in the settlement of estates. He 
died June 28, 1700, leaving a will dated 
two days prior to his death. His estate 
was appraised at four hundred and 
seventy-three pounds. He and his wife 
are buried in the old graveyard in Dor- 
chester, and the stones that mark their 
graves are in excellent condition. He 
married (first) about 1651, Elizabeth 
Clap, daughter of Deacon Edward and 
Prudence (Clap) Clap, born in 1631-32, 
died in Dorchester, January 16, 1693-94. 
He married (second) in Rehoboth, Sep- 
tember 17, 1695, Elizabeth (Smith) Hunt, 
widow of Peter Hunt, and daughter of 
Henry and Judith Smith, from County 
Norfolk, England. Children : James, of 
further mention ; John, born March 16, 
1656-57, inherited property of his Uncle 
John in Boston, but remained in Dor- 
chester, deacon ; married Hannah , 

who had four children, and died May 16, 
1729, his death occurring March 2, 1718; 
Elizabeth, born October 3, 1658, married 
Jeremiah Fuller; Jonathan, born July 12, 
died November 10, 1660; Sarah, born 
February 28, 1665, died May 22, 1666; 



Joseph, born August 27, 1667, died Feb- 
ruary I, 1738-39, married Mehitable Bird, 
who died April 15, 1751, lived at Dor- 
chester, and had eleven children. 

(HI) James (2) Blake, son of James 
(i) and Elizabeth (Clap) Blake, was born 
at Dorchester, August 15, 1652, and died 
October 22, 1732. It has been a tradition 
in the family that the first house built on 
Dorchester Neck, now South Boston, was 
erected by James Blake. Recent investi- 
gation has brought evidence that Captain 
James Foster had a dwelling there in 
1676, while Blake's house, the second 
built there, was erected in 1681. The 
house was finely located, commanding a 
view of the harbor and shore. It was on 
the road to Castle William, later Fort In- 
dependence, and became a sort of house 
of entertainment for the English officers 
at the fort. His new house was almost 
entirely destroyed by the British troops, 
February 13, 1776. He was a farmer, 
and he served as deacon of the Dorches- 
ter church twenty-three years. He mar- 
ried (first) February 6, 1681, Hannah 
Macey, born in 1660, died June i, 1683, 
daughter of George and Susannah Macey, 
of Taunton ; he married (second) July 
8. 1684, Ruth Bachellor, born in Hamp- 
ton, New Hampshire, May 9, 1662, died 
in Dorchester, January 11, 1752, daughter 
of Nathaniel and Deborah (Smith) Bach- 
ellor. Children: i. Hannah, born Sep- 
tember 16, 1685, died October 2, 1686. 2. 
James, born April 29, 1688. died at Dor- 
chester, December 4, 1750; he was town 
clerk twenty-four years, and the author 
of Blake's Annals, the original of which 
is deposited with the New England His- 
toric-Genealogical Society : he married 
Wait Simpson, born in Charlestown, 
March 30, 1685, died in Dorchester, May 
22, 1753, daughter of Jonathan and Wayte 
(Clap) Simpson. 3. Increase, of further 
mention. 

(IV) Increase Blake, son of James (2) 



173 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and Ruth (Bachellor) Blake, was born at 
Dorchester, June 8, 1699, and he died 
probably in 1770. He shared with his 
only brother, James, in his father's estate, 
but soon sold all his share of the real 
estate. He resided in Boston, where his 
sixteen children were born, probably in 
the vicinity of Milk and Batterymarch 
streets. He was a tin plate worker, and 
his trade was followed by several of his 
sons and grandsons. He was an inn- 
holder on Merchants' Row in 1740. From 
1734 to 1748 he was sealer of weights and 
measures, an ofifice appropriately con- 
nected with one of his trade. In 1737 
he leased of the town of Boston one of 
the shops at the town dock at an annual 
rental of thirty pounds, and in 1744 re- 
quested a renewal. He married in Bos- 
ton, July 23, 1724, Anne Gray, born in 
Boston, March 16, 1704-05. died there, 
June 20, 175 1, a daughter of Edward 
and Susanna (Harrison) Gray. Mr. Gray 
was a rope maker and became wealthy. 
One of his sons, Harrison Gray, was 
prominent in public life, and treasurer of 
the province. Another, Rev. Ellis Gray, 
was pastor- of the Second Church of Bos- 
ton, and the names of Ellis Gray and 
Harrison Gray have been retained in the 
Blake family. Children: i. Ann, born May 
8, 1725, died in Boston, June 2, 1752 (Gran- 
ary burying ground inscription) ; she 
married, November 6, 1746, Thomas An- 
drews, housewright. 2. Increase, of fur- 
ther mention. 3. Edward, born July 9, 
1728; married, October 24, 1751, Rebecca 
Hallowell. 4. James, born March 20, 
1730, was living in 1774. 3. Harrison, 
born September 10, 1731. 6. William, 
born September 14, 1732; married, in 
Boston, March 26, 1770, Dorcas Ward. 
7. Hannah, born September 9, 1733; mar- 
ried, 1752, Colonel Thomas Dawes. S. 
Susannah, born October 14, 1734; mar- 
ried, 1735, Captain Caleb Prince. 9. John, 



born June 22, 1736, was a tin plate 
worker; he married in Boston, June 28, 
1757, Anne Clarage. 10. Thomas, born 
January 14, 1737-38. 11. Benjamin, born 
May 9, 1739; married, August 17, 1763; 
Elizabeth Harris. 12. Joseph, born July 
5, 1740; married, December 3, 1761, Sarah 
Dawes. 13. Nathaniel, born September 
28, 1741, died October 15, of the same 
year. 14. Ellis Gray, born September 9, 
1743; married, August 23, 1778, Jane 
Cook. 15. Mary, born August 17, 1745; 
married, in Boston, March t, 1770, Simon 
Whipple, and had three children. 16. 
Sarah, born August 18, 1746; married 
Joseph Bachelder, of Chelsea. 

(V) Increase (2) Blake, son of In- 
crease (i) and Anne (Gray) Blake, was 
born in Boston, October 28, 1726, and 
died in Worcester, February 28, 1795. He 
was a tin plate worker in Boston, having 
a shop on King street, now State street, 
near the old State House. He is said to 
have supplied the Provincial troops with 
canteens, cartridge boxes, and the like, 
but refusing to make them for the British 
troops he was driven from the town. His 
wife was equally patriotic. Her Bible, 
which is in the possession of Mrs. E. A. 
Knowlton, of Rochester, Minnesota, gives 
evidence of an encounter she had with a 
British soldier. One day when sitting in 
front of her door reading her Bible, she 
was asked by a soldier as he passed what 
she was reading. She replied, "the story 
of the cross," upon which he answered 
that he would fix her Bible so she would 
always remember the cross, and with his 
sword he made a deep cut across the page 
through many leaves. The story has 
several forms as it has been handed down, 
but the Bible, the cut and the sword of 
the British soldier are undoubted real- 
ities. When forced to leave Boston, just 
after the battle of Bunker Hill, he re- 
moved his wife and seven children to 



174 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Worcester, sacrificing nearly all of his 
Boston property. He opened a shop in 
Worcester at Lincoln Square and worked 
at his trade. In 1780 and for a number of 
years he was jailer or goaler. His estate 
was appraised for forty-two pounds and 
proved to be insolvent. Twelve of his 
children were born in Boston, the thir- 
teenth in Worcester. He married (first) 
April 18, 1754, Anne Crafts, born in Bos- 
ton, January 10, 1734, died March 21, 
1762. Recently a grave stone inscribed 
with her name and date of death was 
found on Boston Common. He married 
(second) December 7, 1762, Elizabeth 
Bridge, born in 1731, died of smallpox, 
in Worcester, November 22, 1792, per- 
haps a daughter of Ebenezer and Mary 
Bridge, of Boston. An obituary notice 
in "The Spy" of December, 1792, refers 
to her as "one of the noblest women earth 
was ever blessed with. A living Chris- 
tian." Children by first marriage : Anne, 
born August 9, 1755, died December 6, 
1760; Thomas, born December 20, 1756, 
died in infancy; William, born March 12, 
1758, died September 7, 1759; James, died 
January 22, 1762; James, born January 
29, 1762, married, July 14, 1784, Rebecca 
Cunningham. Children by second mar- 
riage: Mary, born November 5, 1763, 
married, September 15, 1797, Andrew 
Tufts; Persis. born March 31, 1765, mar- 
ried, December 8, 1790, .Samuel Case ; 
Thomas Dawes, of further mention ; 
Ebenezer, born May 31, 1771, supposed 
to have been lost at sea ; Sarah, born No- 
vember 25. 1772, was living in 1795; Su- 
sanna, born April 4, 1774. married, Au- 
gust 3, 1800, George Anson Howes; 
Dorothy, born June 15, 1781, in Worces- 
ter. 

(\T) Dr. Thomas Dawes Blake, son of 
Increase (2) and Elizabeth (Bridge) 
Blake, was born in Boston, October 23. 
1768, and died in Farmington, Maine, No- 



vember 20, 1849. He spent his early days 
in Worcester, and attended Dr. Payson's 
celebrated school, from which he was 
graduated with the highest honors of his 
class. He practiced for a short time as 
physician at Petersham, Massachusetts, 
but in 1799 settled at Farmington, Maine. 
He was a ripe scholar, and to quote the 
history of Farmington, "possessed of 
those strong virtues acquired during the 
troublous times in which his early life 
was spent." He married, January 3, 1802, 
Martha Norton, born in Vineyard Haven, 
Alassachusetts, May i, 1786, died in 
Farmington, Maine, September 30, 1873, 
a daughter of Cornelius and Lydia (Clag- 
horn) Norton. Children, all born at 
Farmingfton : Cordelia, born April 19, 
1804, died May 24, 1808; Adeline, born 
September 16, 1806, married, April 9, 
1835, John F. W. Gould; Martha, born 
November 12, 1808, died January 22, 1895, 
at Farmington, married, April 27, 1828, 
David C. Morrill, born December 4, 1804. 
died June 12, 1877, a son of David and 
Lucinda (Woods) Morrill ; Thomas 
Dawes, born February 4, 181 1, married. 
May 13, 1841, Hannah D. Norton; In- 
crease, born December 8, 1812, married, 
September 26, 1844, Sarah Farnsworth ; 
Cornelius N., born February 8, 1815, died 
August 29, 1827 ; Ebenezer Norton, born 
July 30, 1817, married, February 16, 1843, 
Harriet Cummings ; George Fordyce, of 
further mention ; Jotham Sewall, born 
February 6, 1821, died March 5, 1881 ; 
Freeman Norton, born June i, 1822, mar- 
ried Helen S. Baker. 

(VII) George Fordyce Blake, son of 
Dr. Thomas Dawes and Martha (Nor- 
ton) Blake, was born at Farmington, 
Maine, May 20, 1819, and died in Bos- 
ton, July 22, 1905. He commenced his 
business career at an early age, and be- 
fore he was thirty years of age held a 
responsible position as mechanical engi- 

75 ' 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



necr at the Cambridge brick yards. His 
mechanical skill led him to devise several 
useful inventions, among which was a 
water meter which brought his name into 
public prominence. His greatest achieve- 
ment, however, was the Blake steam pump, 
which he devised originally for use in his 
own business. This pump was so suc- 
cessful that he devoted most of his ener- 
gies to its manufacture and improvement. 
He must be accounted one of the great 
inventors of the nineteenth century, and 
unlike many of them he reaped richly of 
the fruit of his invention. The Blake 
pump is now manufactured by a corpora- 
tion known as the George F. Blake Manu- 
facturing Company. Mr. Blake made his 
home at various times at Cambridge, 
Medford, Belmont, and lastly, Boston. 
He married (first) at Lynnfield, Massa- 
chusetts, January i, 1845, Sarah Silver 
Skinner, born at Lynnfield, June 18, 1821, 
died in Boston, October 14, 1856, a daugh- 
ter of William and Lucy (Aborn) Skin- 
ner. He married (second) at North Sand- 
wich, Massachusetts, December 24, 1857, 
Martha J. Skinner, born June 24, 1835, 
died in Boston, June 2, 1897, a sister of 
his first wife. The children by the first 
marriage: Thomas Dawes, born at Cam- 
bridge, October 25, 1847, married. May 
18, 1870, Susan P. Symonds, four chil- 
dren ; Sara Augusta, born December 6, 
1853, at Cambridge, died at Belmont, 
February 27, i8gi, married, October 21, 
1885, Roland H. Boutwell, son of Rodney 
C. and Nancy J. Boutwell. Children by 
second marriage : George Fordyce, of fur- 
ther mention ; Grace Bertha, born August 
30, 1863, at Medford, died there, Febru- 
ary 29, 1868; Jennie Maria, born April 29, 
1869, at Medford, married, at Boston, 
April 17, 1895, Arthur Stoddard Johnson, 
born in Boston. June 4, 1863, son of 
Samuel and Mary (Stoddard) Johnson, 
has three children ; Alice Norton, born at 



Belmont, July 6, 1872, resided at Boston, 
married, June 6, 1901, James M. Newell, 
has two children. 

(VIII) George Fordyce (2) Blake, son 
of George Fordyce (i) and Martha J. 
(Skinner) Blake, was born at Medford, 
Massachusetts, February 9, 1859. He at- 
tended the public schools of his native 
town, and then became a student at the 
Warren Academy at Woburn, where he 
prepared for admission to the Massachu- 
setts Institute of Technology, and entered 
in the class of 1879. He made a trip 
around the world in 1880. During the 
next four years he was a draughtsman in 
the office of the Blake Manufacturing 
Company, of which his father was the 
president. He was also connected with 
the Knowles Pump Works as draughts- 
man, his father being president of this 
company also. He engaged in business 
on his own account, February 28, 1884, 
when he formed a partnership under the 
firm name of Blake, Boutwell & Com- 
pany, to deal in iron and steel at Worces- 
ter, Massachusetts. In October, 1891, the 
firm became George F. Blake, Jr., & Com- 
pany. In May, 1893, the business of the 
company was extended by the addition of 
an iron mill at Wareham, Massachusetts, 
and a store in Boston. Mr. Blake has 
numerous other interests and connec- 
tions. He is a director in the Worcester 
Trust Company, vice-president and di- 
rector of the State Mutual Life Assur- 
ance Company, and was also a director of 
the Callahan Supply Company. He was 
a director of the Central National Bank, 
which was absorbed by the Worcester 
Trust Company. He is a trustee of the 
Worcester County Institution for Sav- 
ings. He was for three years a director 
of the Providence & Worcester Railroad, 
now owned by the New York, New 
Haven & Hartford Railroad Company. 
He was a trustee of the Worcester In- 



176 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



sane Asylum and Hospital, appointed by 
Governor Bates to fill the unfinished term 
of Philip W. Moen. Director and vice- 
president of the Worcester Cold Storage 
Company. He is a member of the Wor- 
cester Board of Trade ; the Home Market 
Club ; Worcester Club ; Commonwealth 
Club ; Ouinsigamond Boat Club, of which 
he was president two years ; Tatnuck 
Country Club ; Exchange Club, of Bos- 
ton ; Calumet Club, of New York; and 
Graftoa Country Club. Mr. Blake's home 
is on Lincoln street, Worcester, and he 
has a beautiful summer place on Salis- 
bury street, Worcester, where he in- 
dulges a taste for a farm life at its best. 
He has traveled extensively, both for 
business and pleasure. Mr. Blake mar- 
ried, April 29, 1885, at Newton, Massa- 
chusetts, Carrie Howard Turner, born in 
Boston, April 19, 1861, a daughter of Job 
A. Turner, (treasurer of the George F. 
Blake Manufacturing Company and of 
the Knowles Pump Works), and Vesta 
(Howard) Turner. Children: Fordyce 
Turner, of further mention ; Vesta Caro- 
lyn, born March 31, 1896. 

(IXj Fordyce Turner Blake, only son 
of George Fordyce (2) and Carrie Howard 
(Turner) Blake, was born February 10, 
1889, in Worcester, and graduated at Alil- 
ton Academy in the class of 1908. Im- 
mediately entering Harvard University 
he graduated with the degree of A. B. in 
1912. During college life he was quite 
active in athletics of the varsity foot ball 
squad, in the fall of 1909, but was pre- 
vented by an accident to his shoulder 
from further participation in the game at 
that time. In 1914 and 1915 he was as- 
sistant coach of the Harvard foot ball 
freshman teams. In 1912 he was assis- 
tant coach at the Massachusetts Institute 
of Technology, and in the following year 
at Holy Cross College, Worcester. 
Selected as head coach of W^orcester 



Polytechnic Institute, 1916. He is affili- 
ated with various Harvard clubs, includ- 
ing the Weston, Cosmopolitan and Har- 
vard Club of Boston, and is a member of 
the Milton Academy Club, Quinsigamond 
Boat Club, Worcester Country Club, and 
Worcester Club. He attends divine wor- 
ship at the Episcopal church in which his 
wife is a communicant. In the summer 
of 1912, immediately after graduation, 
he became messenger in the banking 
office of Estabrook & Company, State 
street, Boston. He soon after became as- 
sociated with Rhoades & Company, New 
York bankers, at their Boston office on 
Congress street, acting first as a traveling 
bond salesman, and later manager of the 
New England office. This he continued 
until February 8, 1915, when he opened 
an office for Jackson & Curtis in the State 
Mutual Building at Worcester, and was 
appointed manager in October, 1915. He 
is also assistant manager of George F. 
Blake, Jr. & Company, of Worcester. His 
residence is on Military road in that city. 
He married Ethel Kinney, born in Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio, daughter of Charles D. and 
Sarah Jeanett (Gross) Kinney, of that 
city. They have one son, Fordyce Turner 
Blake, Jr., born July 17, 1915. 



HART WELL, Walter A. and Nelson W., 

Enterprising Business Men. 

In the chapter of Domesday Book as- 
signed to a description of military tenures 
of lands allotted in Northamptonshire, 
England, by William of Normandy to his 
followers, appears the designation of an 
allotment bearing the name of "Herte- 
welle." Similar records are found in the 
descriptions of lands in Bucks and Wilts. 
Several branches of these early families, 
including three or four baronies and with 
the name transmuted amid the multifari- 
ous changes of orthography incident to 



MASS— Vol III— 12 



177 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the changes and growth of the English 
language to plain Hartwell, have spread 
over England, more than one offshoot 
having found their way to those counties 
of Ireland within the pale, notably about 
the time of the wholesale transplanting of 
colonists to that island by Cromwell. 

(I) From some one of these English 
families came William Hartwell, who 
appears among the early settlers of Con- 
cord, Massachusetts. It cannot be posi- 
tively stated whether or not William Hart- 
well was of the party of settlers under the 
lead of Major Simon Willard, who led the 
way in cutting loose from a neighborhood 
of their friends to penetrate the wilderness 
in search of homes, and which "made 
their pitch'" within the limits of the his- 
toric town of Cambridge, September 12, 
1635, but enough is known to make it 
extremely probable that he must have 
arrived in the settlement in the follov^'ing 
year, 1636. A tract of land, containing 
nine acres, "more or less" was allotted to 
him on which to erect a dwelling, situ- 
ated, as near as can be judged, nearly a 
mile eastward of the Public Square, along 
the Lexington or old "Bay" road, very 
nearly at the eastern bound of the prop- 
erty occupied in 1887 by E. W. Bull, Na- 
thaniel Ball and Joshua Wheeler. If, as 
is assumed, Mr. Hartwell arrived in Con- 
cord in 1636, he was twenty-three years 
old at that time. He was made a freeman 
of the colony in 1642, appears as one of 
the petitioners for a grant of the town of 
Chelmsford, adjoining Concord on the 
north, in 1653, was a corporal in 1671, 
was one of the committee of nine citizens 
to frame rules for the guidance of the 
selectmen of the town in 1672, in 1673 
was appointed quartermaster by Vice 
Henry Woodis, appointed cornet in the 
Second (Captain Thomas Wheeler's) 
Troop of Horse of Middlesex county. 
He appears as one of the large land- 



holders, with two hundred and forty- 
seven acres of land, in nineteen separately 
described tracts. He died March 12, 1690, 
"in ye 77th year of his age," having made 
his will a short time previous, in which he 
mentions his daughters, Sarah and Mary, 
and his sons, John and Samuel. His wife, 
Jazan, died August 5, 1695. The resting 
place of their remains is not known, but 
was doubtless in the old graveyard on 
the hill south of the Public Square in 
Concord Village, where several of his de- 
scendants are buried. Children: John, 
mentioned below ; Sarah, married, in 
1661, Benjamin Parker, of Billerica; 
Mary, born 1643 ; Samuel, March 26, 
1645; Martha, February 25, 1650; Jona- 
than ; Nathaniel. 

(II) John Hartwell, apparently eldest 
child of William and Jazan Hartwell, was 
born February 23, 1640, in Concord, and 
died there January 12, 1703. He was 
made a freeman of the colony, March 21, 
1690, and was a soldier in King Philip's 
War under Captain Thomas Wheeler, 
marching to the defence of Ouaboag, now 
Brookfield. He married (first) January 
I, 1664, Priscilla Wright, daughter of 
Edward and Elizabeth Wright, who died 
March 3, 1681. He married (second) 
August 23, 1683, her sister, Elizabeth 
Wright, who died December 16, 1704. 
Children of first marraige : Ebenezer, 
mentioned below; John, born April 15, 
1669; Samuel, October 9, 1673; Sarah, 
September 22, 1678; Joseph, January 24, 
1680; William, died young. 

(III) Ebenezer Hartwell, eldest child 
of John and Priscilla (Wright) Hartwell, 
was born April 5, 1666, in Concord, and 
died January i, 1724, probably in the 
neighboring town of Carlisle. He re- 
ceived from his father-in-law, June 3, 
1698, a deed of the south half of a house 
and lot in the village of Concord, also 
land in Carlisle, on which he seems to 



178 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



have lived. He married, in Concord, 
March 27, 1690, Sarah Smedley, born 
about 1670, died November 13, 1715, 
daughter of John and Sarah (Wheeler) 
Smedley, of Concord. Children recorded 
in that town : John, mentioned below ; 
Priscilla, born 1692, died next year; 
Sarah, July 28, 1694; Priscilla, January 
27, 1697; Ebenezer, March 22, 1699; 
Samuel, April 30, 1702. 

(IV) John (2) Hartwell, eldest child 
of Ebenezer and Sarah (Smedley) Hart- 
well, was born April 12, 1691, in Concord, 
and died there, December 20, 1780. He is 
called Ensign John Hartwell, and prob- 
ably spent most of his active life in Car- 
lisle, as only one child is recorded in Con- 
cord. There is evidence that he had two 
wives, named respectively Dorothy and 
Mary. The former appears in the Con- 
cord records as his wife. 

(V) Josiah Hartwell, son of John (2) 
and Dorothy Hartwell, was born March 

29, 1718, in Concord, and died January 
20, 1790, in Littleton, Massachusetts. 
He married (first) February 16, 1742, 
Bethiah Wood, born July 27, 1722, in 
Bradford, Massachusetts, died January 

30, 1776, daughter of John and Sarah 
(Kimball) Wood, of Bradford, and later 
of Littleton, where they located in 1726. 
He married (second) in Littleton (inten- 
tions published January 15, 1777) Han- 
nah Willard. Children, born of the first 
marriage: Joseph, February 2, 1743; 
Sarah, September 24, 1744; John, Janu- 
ary 23, 1746; Bethiah, January 25, 1748; 
Benjamin, mentioned below; Elizabeth, 
September 24, 1752; Samuel, November 

25, 1754- 

(VI) Benjamin Hartwell, third son of 
Josiah and Bethiah (W^ood) Hartwell, 
was born November 4, 1750, in Littleton, 
and was a minute-man in the early days 
of the Revolution. He was a pioneer 
settler in West Fitchburg, Massachu- 



setts, where he cleared land and began 
farming. Here he died April 3, 1813. 
This land has continued in the family to 
the present time and is now occupied 
by his great-great-grandson. Nelson W. 
Hartwell. He married, November 26, 
1778, in Littleton, Sarah Sanderson, born 
February 9, 1752, in that town, daughter 
of Moses and Mary Sanderson. 

(VII) Benjamin (2) Hartwell, son of 
Benjamin (i) and Sarah (Sanderson) 
Hartwell, was born April 11, 1792, in 
West Fitchburg, and died there Decem- 
ber 25, 1846. He was a farmer and spent 
his whole life upon the land where his 
father had settled. He married, Decem- 
ber 24, 1819, Betsey Baldwin, born Octo- 
ber, 1795, in Ashburnham, Massachu- 
setts, died February 17, 1888, in W'est 
Fitchburg. They had two daughters, 
Nancy and Sultina, and three sons, Leon- 
ard, Benjamin and Milo. 

(VIII) Leonard Hartwell, son of Ben- 
jamin (2) and Betsey (Baldwin) Hart- 
well, was born February 9, 1823, in Fitch- 
burg, where he died October 16, 1894. 
His education was supplied by the public 
schools of his native town, and he re- 
mained on the paternal farm, sharing in 
its labors until he attained his majority. 
After one year in the service of neighbor- 
ing farmers, he bought out the interests 
of the other heirs, and became sole owner 
of the paternal homestead, on which he 
continued to engage in agriculture until 
the close of his life. He had a natural 
mechanical bent, inherited from his father 
and grandfather, and did much carpenter 
work during his most active years. A 
Unitarian in religious faith, a Republican 
in politics, he enjoyed the esteem and re- 
spect of his contemporaries. He married 
Martha Sophia Adams, born October 18, 
1825, in Concord, Vermont, died at Fitch- 
burg, Massachusetts, February 12. 1907. 
They had two sons, Emery A., born April 



179 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



24, 1850, in Fitchburg, died there unmar- 
ried, April I, 191 1, he was a graduate of 
Amherst College, and was a teacher in 
the Fitchburg High School for over thirty 
years ; Walter Arvin, mentioned below. 

(IX) Walter Arvin Hartwell, second 
son of Leonard and Alartha Sophia 
(Adams) Hartwell, was born March 5, 
1854, in Fitchburg, and attended the 
public schools of that city. After com- 
pleting the grammar school course, he 
engaged actively in farming on the old 
homestead, until he was twenty-two years 
old. During this time he had acquired, 
through practice with his father, a thor- 
ough knowledge of carpenter work, and 
his natural mechanical taste and ability 
led him to engage in this kind of work. 
He was able to begin, on leaving home, 
as a journeyman, and was very soon 
promoted to foreman and placed in charge 
of construction work. After some sixteen 
years in this line of endeavor, he began 
taking contracts on his own account, and 
has continued down to the present time 
as a contracting builder. He does a gen- 
eral business, employing stone and brick 
masons, carpenters and painters, beside 
unskilled labor, and has thus aided in the 
development and progress of his home 
town. He employs a large force of men, 
and handles only large operations. He 
also deals extensively in real estate, being 
connected with the Lyon Realty Com- 
pany of Fitchburg. In religion a Metho- 
dist, in politics a Republican, he takes an 
active interest in the public welfare, and 
has served three years as a member of the 
City Council from Ward Three. He is 
now a member of the city school board, 
on which he has served six years, and is 
a member of the Fitchburg Merchants" 
Association and Board of Trade. The 
only fraternal organization with which he 
afifiliates is the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen. He married (first) December 



z6, 1876, Chloe Maria Stockwell, born 
1852, in Royalstoil; Massachusetts, daugh- 
ter of George Stockwell, died in Fitch- 
burg, October 13, 1893. He married 
(second) September 30, 1896, Annie 
Maria Russell, born April 21, 1858, in 
Devonshire, England, daughter of George 
M. and Elizabeth (Dunsford) Russell. 
Children of first marriage: I. Edith A., 
born May 20, 1878 ; now living in Salis- 
bury, Connecticut. 2. Nelson Walter, 
mentioned below. 3. Elsie Maria, born 
August 13, 1S83, married Charles Pethy- 
bridge, professor in Tabor College, at 
Marion, Massachusetts, and resides at 
Buzzard's Bay, Massachusetts; they 
have two children : Charles Adams, born 
January 16, 1912, and Lois Carter, born 
April II, 1914. 

(X) Nelson Walter Hartwell, only son 
of Walter Arvin and Chloe Maria (Stock- 
well) Hartwell, was born December 26, 
1879, in Fitchburg, and was educated in 
the public schools of that city, including 
the high school. After leaving school he 
engaged in farming upon the paternal 
homestead, which has been in the family 
for several generations, located on Ash- 
burnham street in West Fitchburg. Be- 
sides general farming, he conducts a milk 
and dairy business, and also deals in wood 
and lumber. An active and enterprising 
man, he is keeping up the well-known 
reputation of the family for industry and 
business ability. He is a Unitarian in 
religion, and a Republican in politics, and 
is active in promoting to the extent of 
his ability those moral and educational 
influences which bear up the standards of 
this Republic. He is now (1915) serv- 
ing as a member of the City Council from 
Ward Three. He married, December 22, 
1913, Fannie Adeline Robbins, born May 
25, 1890, in Dunstable, Massachusetts, 
daughter of Freeman Frederick and Ida 
E. (McGrath) Robbins. 
180 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



FLETCHER, George Aaron, 
Building Contractor. 

This name has been known in the 
United States since 1630, and has been 
borne by many prominent citizens. The 
Fletchers have generally been leading 
people in the communities where they 
have dwelt. The name was originally 
written Pledger, and was the name of the 
trade of a maker of arrows, or as some 
think, of affixing the feather to the arrow 
— fledging it. The French word Flechier 
has precisely the same meaning, and some 
have inferred a French extraction. All 
the traditions concur, however, in making 
the early ancestors of this family of Eng- 
lish or Welsh stock, and Yorkshire, one 
of the northern countries of England, is 
named as the spot whence they emigrated 
to America. The name has been and still 
is common there. Rev. Elijah Fletcher, 
of Hopkinton, New Hampshire, born 1747, 
died 1786, the first so far as known who 
made genealogical collections of the fam- 
ily, believed that the great ancestor, Rob- 
ert Fletcher, came from Yorkshire, and 
that account was gathered when Robert's 
great-grandchildren were living. 

(I) Robert Fletcher settled at Concord, 
Massachusetts, in 1630, in which year 
seventeen ships arrived in Massachusetts 
Bay and at Plymouth. He had three sons, 
Luke, William and Samuel, and was him- 
self thirty-eight years of age. Concord, 
the twentieth town incorporated in Mas- 
sachusetts, was organized in 1635, ^i^d his 
name appears in the earliest records of 
that town. In the court files of Middle- 
sex county his name frequently occurs as 
a petitioner for bridges, as juryman, etc. 
He became a wealthy and influential man, 
and died at Concord, April 3, 1677, aged 
eighty-five. Children: Luke, died in Con- 
cord, May 21, 1665, probably unmarried; 



William, mentioned below ; Cary, a daugh- 
ter; Samuel, born 1632; Francis, 1636. 

(II) William Fletcher, second son of 
the settler, Robert Fletcher, was born in 
England, in 1622, came when eight years 
of age to Concord, Massachusetts, with 
his father and his older brother, and was 
admitted freeman. May 10, 1643. I" the 
year 1653 he settled in Chelmsford, Mas- 
sachusetts, of which he was one of the 
first inhabitants, and here he was chosen 
selectman, November 22, 1654. "This 
first publick meeting was holden at his 
house." On the court files of Middlesex 
county his name frequently appears ; in 
1665, as a petitioner for a road; the same 
year on a bill of costs for his servant 
being put in the house of correction, etc. 
The birth of his daughter Lydia on the 
Concord records is the first birth of a 
Fletcher that is recorded in America. His 
tract of land embraced what is now the 
city of Lowell, and a part of his land, a 
farm near the meeting house in Chelms- 
ford, remains as it has been for more than 
two hundred years in possession of the 
family, and is now occupied by Gardner 
Fletcher. He married Lydia Bates, in 
Concord, October 7, 1645. He died No- 
vember 6, 1677, ^nd she died October 12, 
1704. Children: Lydia, born January 30, 
1647; Joshvia, mentioned below; Paul; 
Sarah ; William, February 21, 1657 ; Mary, 
October 4, 1658; Esther, April 12, 1662; 
Samuel, July 23, 1664. 

(III) Joshua Fletcher, eldest son of 
William and Lydia (Bates) Fletcher, was 
born March 30, 1648. in Concord, where 
he was admitted freeman, March 11, 1689, 
and died November 21, 1713. He mar- 
ried (first) May 4, 1668, Grissies Jewell, 
who died January 16, 1682. He married 
(second) July 18, 1682, Sarah Willy. 
Children: Joshua, born about 1669; Paul, 
about 1681 ; Rachel, June 27, 1683 ; Timo- 



181 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



thy, October, 1685; John, May 7, 1687; 
Joseph, mentioned below ; Sarah, January 
21, 1690; Jonathan, 1692; Jonas, 1694; 
EHzabeth, June 10, 1698. 

(IV) Joseph Fletcher, fifth son of 
Joshua and Grissies (Jewell) Fletcher, 
was born June 10, 1689, in Concord, re- 
sided in Westford, where he was a farmer, 
and died October 4, 1772. He married, 
November 17, 1712, Sarah Adams, of Con- 
cord, born 1691, died April 24, 1761. Chil- 
dren: Joseph, born June 6, 1714; Benja- 
min, August 8, 1716; Timothy, April 12, 
1719; Thomas, March 10, 1721 ; Sarah; 
Edith, April 8, 1725; Peletiah, mentioned 
below; Joshua, August 28, 1731 ; Ruth, 
August 28, 1733; Mary, August 29, 1735. 

(V) Peletiah Fletcher, fifth son of 
Joseph and Sarah (Adams) Fletcher, was 
born May 3, 1727, in Westford, where he 
lived, and was a delegate to the conven- 
tion of town committees at Dracut. No- 
vember 26, 1776. He died February 23, 
1807. He married, January 13, 1757, Dor- 
othy, daughter of Joseph Hildreth, born 
August 26, 1736, died June 14, 1782. Chil- 
dren : Betsey, born December 15, 1757; 
Dorothy, December 21. 1759 ; Joseph, died 
four years old; Sarah, born August 12, 
1763 ; Lucy, November 14, 1765 ; Peletiah, 
April 4, 1767; Joseph, mentioned below. 

(VI) Joseph (2) Fletcher, youngest 
child of Peletiah and Dorothy (Hildreth) 
Fletcher, was born May 13, 1769, in West- 
ford, and lived in that town and in Gro- 
ton, Massachusetts, where he died Janu- 
ary 23, 1843. He married, April 7, 1704, 
Frances Grant, daughter of Jonathan 
Keyes. Children : Joseph, mentioned be- 
low ; Frances Grant, born May 12, 1796; 
Walter, November 13, 1797; Louisa, Oc- 
tober 28, 1799; Charles Hartwell, Febru- 
ary 6, 1801 ; Polly, June 13, 1802; Nancy, 
died young; Abijah, born January 28, 
1807; Nancy, January 22, 1808; Jonathan 
Varnum, February 28, 1812. 



(VII) Joseph (3) Fletcher, eldest child 
of Joseph (2) and Frances Grant (Keyes) 
Fletcher, was born December 25, 1794, in 
Westford, and lived in Lancaster and 
Hubbardston, Massachusetts. He mar- 
ried in the latter town Eliza Marean, born 
there August 12, 1802, daughter of Wil- 
liam, Jr., and Betsey (Blood) Marean, 
died in Townsend, Massachusetts, ]\Iarch 
6, 1878. Children ; Walter Dana, men- 
tioned below ; Frances Eliza, born May 
13. 1828, married William M. Bennett; 
Aaron Varnum, Februarj' 8, 1831, died 
in Worcester, Massachusetts. 

(VIII) Walter Dana Fletcher, son of 
Joseph (3) and Eliza (Marean) Fletcher, 
was born November 14, 1825, in Lancas- 
ter, Massachusetts, recorded in Hub- 
bardston, and died in Townsend, Massa- 
chusetts, in 1900. His education was 
supplied by the public schools of Hub- 
bardston, and all his life was devoted £0 
farming. For a time he lived in Belmonc. 
Massachusetts, and spent the last years 
cf his life in Townsend. He was a Con- 
gregationalist, and a Republican from the 
organization of the party, soon after he 
attained his majority. He married Lo- 
vina Bartlett Frost, probably a native ci 
Belmont. Children: i. J. Willard, horn 
in Belmont; married (first) Milleto Wild- 
er, who was the mother of two daughters : 
Grace and Gladys ; he married (second) 
Etta Whidden, who was the mother o' 
four children : Walter. Austin, Marion 
and Mildred. 2. Frank, born in Belmont, 
now deceased. 3. George Aaron, men- 
tioned below. 4. Fanny Lovina, born in 
Townsend, is now deceased. 5. Walter, 
born in Townsend ; married Cora Perkins, 
and has five children: Ralph, Bernice, 
Doris, Fanny and Howard. 6. Dana, born 
in Townsend; married Mabel Parker; no 
issue. 

(IX) George Aaron Fletcher, third son 
of Walter Dana and Lovina Bartlett 



182 






■^ ^^t^RAf^vl 








ts^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(Frost) Fletcher, was born September i6, 
i860, in Belmont, and was educated in 
the schools of Townsend. His early life 
was passed upon the farm, in whose 
labors he bore a share until twenty-eight 
years of age, when he removed to Fitch- 
burg, Massachusetts, where he learned 
the mason's trade, and was employed as 
an apprentice and journeyman about thir- 
teen years. In 1904 he engaged in busi- 
ness on his own account as a general con- 
tractor, operating in and about Fitchburg. 
He has met with success and gives em- 
ployment to several men during the build- 
ing season, the business being conducted 
under the style of G. A. Fletcher & Corn- 
pan}'. Mr. Fletcher is active in the work of 
the Universalist church, and is a stead- 
fast supporter of Republican principles in 
matters of public policy. He is a mem- 
ber of Aurora Lodge, Free and Accepted 
Masons, of Fitchburg, and of Mount 
Roulstone Lodge, No. 96, Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows, of that town, of 
which he is past grand. He is also a 
member of King David Encampment, No. 
48, and Pearl Hill Lodge, Daughters of 
Rebekah, of the latter order. He married, 
June 13, 1886, in Townsend, Massachu- 
setts, Frances Eveline Jackson, born Jan- 
uary 20, 1870, in Wabaunsee, Kansas, 
daughter of John H. and Sally Eveline 
(Gilmore) Jackson. Children: i. Evie, 
born February 7, 1888, in Townsend; 
married, June 12, 1915, Marden Hartwell 
Turner, of Gardner, Massachusetts. 2. 
George Jackson, born October 23, 1890, 
in Mason, New Hampshire ; he is a gradu- 
ate of Fitchburg High School, and is now 
associated with his father in business ; he 
married Jennie Anderson, and they have 
one daughter, Charlotte, born March 2, 
1915- 3- John Henry, born November 18, 
1894, in Fitchburg; is a graduate of the 
Fitchburg High School, and also engaged 
in the mason contracting business with 
his father. 



HATCH, George, 

Head of Important Business. 

The surname Hatch is of ancient Eng- 
lish origin and is common in all parts of 
England. No less than six pioneers of 
this family, some of them doubtless re- 
lated, came to Massachusetts, before 1650. 
John Hatch was at Scituate as early as 
January 3, 1636. Jonathan Hatch, of 
Plymouth, served against the Narragan- 
sett Indians in 1645 • settled at Barn- 
stable. William Hatch, who came from 
Sandwich, England, settled at Scituate, 
was elder of the church, lieutenant in the 
military company ; left sons, Walter and 
William, who have many descendants. 

(I) Thomas Hatch, probably a brother 
of William Hatch, was a proprietor of 
Dorchester, Massachusetts, and was ad- 
mitted a freeman there, May 14, 1634. 
He appears to have gone to Yarmouth, 
where a Thomas Hatch was a proprietor 
and was admitted a freeman, January 7, 
1638-39. He was at Barnstable in 1643. 
He finally settled at Scituate. He died 
before June 14, 1646, when his daughter 
Hannah was baptized. According to the 
inventory of his estate he had the unique 
distinction of owning an "instrument 
called a violin." The inventory was dated 
May 27, 1661, long after his death. He 
married Grace — , who married (sec- 
ond) John Spring, of Watertown. A rec- 
ord in 1659 states that she had been liv- 
ing in Scituate for four or five years, 
though married to John Spring. Chil- 
dren : Jonathan, William, Thomas, Alice 
and Hannah. 

(II) Thomas (2) Hatch, son of Thomas 
(i) Hatch, was born about 1640. He 
married, in 1662, Sarah, daughter of Rho- 
dolphus Films. They lived in Scituate, 
though many of the family lived at Barn- 
stable on Cape Cod. He died in 1686, 
leaving a will bequeathing a considerable 
estate. Children, born at Scituate : Lydia, 



183 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



December g, 1666; Mary, January 19, 
1668, baptized June 25, 1682; Keturah, 
April 9, 1672; Rhodolphus, mentioned be- 
low; Margaret, August 26, 1677; Abigail, 
November 10, 1678; Joseph, May 6, 1680, 
settled at Truro; Thomas, baptized June 
25, 1682; Sarah, baptized May 20, 1683; 
Hannah, baptized June 24. 1683 ; Jere- 
miah, born March 2, 1684-85. 

(III) Rhodolphus Hatch, son of 
Thomas (2) Hatch, was born at Scituate, 
Massachusetts, December 26, 1674, bap- 
tized June 25, 1682. He married, Decem- 
ber 16, 1701, Elizabeth Tilden. He had 
two sons born at Scituate : John, men- 
tioned below; Joseph, born May 14, 1705, 
probably also lived for a time in Truro, 
where John settled. 

(IV) John Hatch, son of Rhodolphus 
Hatch, was born in Scituate, March 16, 

1703. He married Tabitha before 

coming to Truro on Cape Cod about 1727. 
She was a member of the Truro church, 
joining July 4, 1736, and late in life was 
dismissed to Boston, where several of her 
sons went to live. Children, born at 
Truro: i. and 2. John and Ezekiel, baj)- 
tized May 17, 1730. 3. Nailor, baptized 
February 21, 1731 ; was a sea captain, cap- 
tain in the Revolution, moved to Bos- 
ton and about 1765 to Maiden, where he 
died July 14, 1804; his wife Martha died 
there October 26, 181 1, aged seventy-eight 
years; children: Martha, born in Boston, 
July II, 1757; Catherine, at Maiden, De- 
cember 25, 1765; Reuben, July 3, 1770, 
was lost at sea, 1796; Nathaniel, June 26. 
1772, lived at Maiden; Nailor, August 25, 
1775. 4. Margaret. 5. Joseph, baptized 
April 29, 1733. 6. Elizabeth, baptized No- 
vember 9, 1735. 7. Joseph, born October 
16, 1737. 8. Asa, baptized November 9, 
1740; married in Boston, December 18, 
1768, Phebe Sprague, of Maiden. 

(V') Ezekiel Hatch, son of John Hatch, 
was born at Truro on Cape Cod, and bap- 



tized there. May 17, 1730. With his 
brothers. Captain Nailor and Asa, and 
perhaps others of the family, he removed 
to Boston. All of the brothers followed 
the sea. He married Hannah Smalley, ot 
an old Cape Cod family. Children, born 
in Boston: John, born March 19, 1756, 
died young; Elizabeth, July 22, 1758; 
Sarah, January 16, 1762; Mary, May 16, 
1764; John, mentioned below; Ruth, Oc- 
tober 24, 1769. 

(VI) Captain John (2) Hatch, son of 
Ezekiel Hatch, was born in Boston, Au- 
gust 17, 1767, and like his ancestors fol- 
lowed the -sea. He became a master 
mariner and sailed to all parts of the 
world. His home was in Cape Elizabeth, 
Maine, where he died. He married Sarah 
Woodbury, daughter of Ebenezer W'ood- 
bury, when she was but nineteen years 
old. Children: i. Joseph, mentioned be- 
low. 2. Ezekiel, killed in the battle of 
Lake Erie in the War of 1812. 3. John, 
a mariner, killed in New York harbor; 
married and had three children : Mary, 
married Harvey Lee and had Sarah and 
Ferdinand Lee ; Sarah, married William 
Dyer; Woodbury, married Dorcas Poole, 
and had no children. 4. Frederick, a ship 
blacksmith, very prominent and well 
known citizen of Portland, and served 
many years in Common Council ; married 
Emily Harford, and had five children: i. 
Frances Ellen, graduate of Portland High 
School, married Henry Andrew Frost, 
and they had two children : Susie Emily, 
died in infancy, and Fannie Hatch, bora 
at Portland, graduate of Cape Elizabeth 
High School, class of 1884. ii. Hosea 
Harford, unmarried, iii. Sarah, died in 
infanc)\ iv. Louisa, died in infancy, v. 
Frederick, Jr., died in infancy. 5. Nathan- 
iel. 6. Sarah. 7. Elizabeth, who never 
married. 8. William, mentioned below. 

(VII) Joseph Hatch, son of John 
Hatch, married Abigail Wallace. Chi!- 



184 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



dren, born at Cape Elizabeth: i. Pameli' 
married Albion Burbank and had chil- 
dren: Frank and Carrie Burbank. 2. A] 
mira, married Emery Dyer and had chil- 
dren : Clara (single), died aged twenty 
years ; George, who married Emma 
Smart ; Hannah Dyer, who never mar- 
ried ; Mattie Dyer, who married 

Leonard ; Elizabeth Dyer, who married 
William Eliot ; all of South Portland, 
Maine, formerly Cape Elizabeth. 3. Eliz- 
abeth, married Alfred Russell, of Cumber- 
land, Maine ; children : Joseph Russell, 
married Elmira Haskell ; Alice Russell, 
married George Doughty and has a son 
(grocer) at Cumberland, Maine; Fred- 
erick Russell ; Elizabeth and Ella Rus- 
sell, unmarried. 4. Harriet, married 
(first) Frank Rice, and (second) John 
Fogg, of Scarborough ; children : Edward 
and Charles Fogg. 5. Eunice, never mar- 
ried. 6. Anthony, a policeman, then a 

shoe dealer in Portland, married 

Fickett and has a large family. 7. Alfred, 
married Ruth Ann Brazier ; had no chil- 
dren. 

(VII) Major William Hatch, brother 
of Joseph Hatch, was born at Cape Eliz- 
abeth, now South Portland, Maine, Au- 
gust 16. 1807, and died there September 
26, 1884. He received his education in 
the public schools of his native town, and 
early in life engaged in business as a car- 
penter and builder. He became one of 
the leading contractors of the vicinity 
and built a great number of the resi- 
dences in South Portland and adjacent 
towns, various churches and public build- 
ings. For many years he was active and 
prominent in the State militia ,and held 
commissions as captain and major. He 
was appointed ensign of the Fifth Com- 
pany, First Regiment, Second Brigade, 
Fifth Division, July 24, 1829, tendered his 
resignation, which was accepted April 14, 
1831, but was appointed captain of the 



same, September 31, 1834. He was elect- 
ed colonel of his regiment, but declined 
to accept the commission. In the Metho- 
dist church, of which he was a member, 
he was active for many years and served 
faithfully as a teacher in the Sunday 
school. He married, April 5, 1832, Me- 
hitable W. Mitchell, born August 26, 
1807, and died March 10, 1891, a daugh- 
ter of Robert and Lydia (Wheeler) 
Mitchell, of Cape Elizabeth. Children 
born at Cape Elizabeth: Joseph, March 
27, 1833, died October 29, 191 1; John, 
April 6, 1835; Ruth M., July 16, 1837, died 
unmarried, September 4, 1862; Moses M., 
June 5, 1840, married Mary Delano; 
George, mentioned below ; Woodbury, 
November 11, 1846, died January 8, 1848; 
Mary, June 7, 1850, now living with her 
brother George in Worcester. 

(VIII) George Hatch, son of Major 
William Hatch, was born in Cape Eliza- 
beth, March 15, 1843. He was educated 
in the public schools of his native town. 
He worked for various contractors in 
Portland, and in 1871 came to Worcester, 
where he worked at the carpenter's trade 
for a time. For twelve years he was em- 
ployed in stair building business in the 
firm of Stratton & Johnson, Worcester, 
and had charge of putting in stairs for 
contractors in all parts of New Eng- 
land. In 1889 he formed a partnership 
with Fred W. Barnes and engaged in the 
business of stair building in the old Merri- 
field Building. The business was later 
moved to the new Merrifield Building and 
after the fire in 1904 to the present quar- 
ters on Union street. The business pros- 
pered from the beginning. Both partners 
were shrewd and practical men and the 
firm became one of the most successful 
in this line of business in this section of 
the State. To the business of stair build- 
ing, the firm added all kinds of interior 
finish used bv builders. The firm's name 



185 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



became a synonym, for first-class work, 
promptness and reliability. In 1904 the 
business was incorporated under the 
name of Hatch & Barnes Company' and 
Mr. Hatch was president and Mr. Barnes 
secretary until 191 1, when Mr. Hatch re- 
tired from business, selling his interests 
to his partner. Since then Air. Barnes 
has been the sole owner of the business. 
Mr. Hatch lived at 35 Lovell street from 
1908 to 1913, then built a residence on 
Pleasant street. In 1914 he moved to his 
present home. No. 19 South Lenox street, 
in the beautiful residential district known 
as Lenox on Hammond Hill. Both houses 
were beautiful types of modern architec- 
ture and especially attractive in the de- 
tail of interior woodwork. Mr. Hatch is 
a member of Quinsigamond Lodge. Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, of 
Worcester, and of the Worcester County 
Mechanics' Association. He was formerly 
a member of the Worcester Board of 
Trade. In politics he is a Republican and 
has always supported the candidates and 
principles of the party, though he has 
never sought or held public office. 

He married, September 9, 1874. at 
Worcester, Nellie Augusta Knight, born 
October i, 1855, daughter of Hezekiah 
and Sarah (Woodward) Knight. She died 
April 22, 1905. Children: i. Nellie May, 
born July 21, 1875; married William 
Thompson ; they reside in Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania ; child, George Hatch 
Thompson, born in April, 191 1. 2. Wil- 
liam, died aged three years. 3. Arthur 
Dean, mentioned below. 

(IX) Arthur Dean Hatch, son of 
George Hatch, was born at Worcester. 
He was educated in private schools at 
Powder Point and was for several years 
a student at the Worcester Polytechnic 
Institute. He is now in charge of the 
office of the Hatch & Barnes Company. 
He is a member of the local lodge of Odd 



Fellows. In politics he is a Republican. 
Mr. Hatch married Annie Hanson, daugh- 
ter of Andrew Hanson, who was a native 
of Norway. They have one child, Jetta, 
born May 11, 1912. 



BROWN, Isaac A., 

Representative Citizen. 

John Brown was an English ship- 
builder of Plymouth, England, and had 
an acquaintance with the Pilgrims at Ley- 
den, before 1620. The date of his com- 
ing to America is not known. In 1636 
he was living in Duxbury, and in 1643 
was of Taunton, Massachusetts. He was 
assistant governor for seventeen years 
from 1636, and served as commissioner 
of the United Colonies from 1644 for 
twelve years. He died in Swansea, near 
Rehoboth, where he had large posses- 
sions, April 10, 1662, his will being made 
three days before. His wife Dorothy died 
in Swansea, January 27, 1674. aged ninety 
years. Children: James, married, in 1655, 
Lydia Howland ; Mary, married in 1656, 
Captain Thomas Willet; John, mentioned 
below. 

(II) John (2) Brown, youngest child 
of John (i) and Dorothy Brown, was of 
Rehoboth and Swansea, and died the last 
of March, 1662. His will was made in 
October, 1661, and proved March 31, 1662. 
He married Lydia Buckland, and had 
Children: John, mentioned below; Lydia, 
born August 5, 1655 ; Hannah, January 
29, 1657 ; Joseph, April 9, 1658 ; Nathaniel. 
June 9, 1661. 

(III) Captain John (3) Brown, eldest 
child of John (2) and Lydia (Buckland) 
Brown, was born September, 1650, and 
died November 24. 1709. His widow and 
sons, John and Samuel, were appointed 
administrators of his estate, December 
27, 1709. He married, November 8, 1672, 
Ann Mason, born June. 1650, daughter 



186 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of Major John Mason. Children : Anne, 
born September 19, 1673 ; John, men- 
tioned below; Samuel, January 31, 1677; 
Lydia and Rachel (twins). May 16, 1679; 
Martha, November 2, 1681 ; Daniel, Octo- 
ber 29, 1683; Ebenezer, June 15, 1685; 
Daniel, September 26, 1686; Stephen, Jan- 
uary 29, 1688; Joseph, May 19, 1690; Eliz- 
abeth, December 12, 1691. 

(IV) Captain John (4) Brown, eldest 
son of Captain John (3) and Ann (Ma- 
son) Brown, was born April 28, 1675, and 
died April 23, 1752. His will was dated 
March 20, 1752, and proved May 5, 1752. 
He married (first) July 2, i6g6. Abigail 
Cole, born December i, 1681, died in her 
thirtieth year, daughter of Lieutenant 
James and Mary Cole. He married (sec- 
ond) Mary (surname said to be Pierce). 
Children: Mary, born November 21, 1697, 
married Daniel Gould; Ann, April i, 
1700, married Walter Chaloner ; Eliza- 
beth, October 4, 1702, married John Hud- 
son ; John, March 19, 1705; James, Janu- 
ary 2, 1707, married Ruth Pierce; Jere- 
miah, mentioned below ; David, Febru- 
ary 22. 1718; Lydia, April 28, 1720; Seth, 
September 5, 1725 ; Benjamin ; Martha 
and Rachel, confirmed in St. Michael's 
Church, 1732. 

(V) Jeremiah Brown, youngest child 
of Captain John (4) and Abigail (Cole) 
Brown, born June 26, 1710, was a com- 
municant of St. Michael's Episcopal 
Church, Bristol, in 1732, and died May i. 
1776, in his sixty-sixth year. He mar- 
ried, January 10, 1731, Elizabeth Sisson, 
died March 24, 1780, and both she and 
her husband are buried in Touisset. Chil- 
dren : Jarvis, mentioned below ; Rebecca, 
baptized November 11, 1739. 

(VI) Jarvis Brown, only son of Jere- 
miah and Elizabeth (Sisson) Brown, was 
baptized April 10, 1733, at St. Michael's 
Church, where he was confirmed April i, 
1762, and where his children were also 



baptized. He died August 26, 1809, in his 
seventy-fifth year. His will was dated 
August 8, 1809, and proved September 5, 
1809. He married, December 5, 1754, Ann 
Kinnicut, who died November 10, 1809, 
aged seventy-seven. Children : John, men- 
tioned below; Seth, baptized May 15, 
1757, married Susanna Gardner; Abigail, 
May 2, 1762, died at the age of fifteen 
years; Lydia, June 19, 1768, marrie.d 
Bowen. 

(VII) John (5) Brown, eldest child of 
Jarvis and Ann (Kinnicut) Brown, was 
baptized December 7, 1755, died August 

10, 1803, aged forty-nine (per tombstone), 
and married. May 21, 1778, Abigail 
Brown, daughter of Aaron and Catharine 
(Bell) Brown, born December 9, 1757, 
died May i, 1824. in her sixty-seventh 
year. Children, born in Swansea : Jere- 
miah, mentioned below ; Abigail, born 
April 29, 1787; James Kinnicut, October 
28, 1789; Matilda, February 22, 1791 ; 

Czurina, August 7, 1795, married 

Pierce; Charlotte, June 28, 1798, married 
Stephen Wrightington ; Ann (Susanna), 
died in 1826, unmarried. 

(VIII) Jeremiah (2) Brown, eldest 
child of John (5) and Abigail (Brown) 
Brown, born July 16, 1785, married, Feb- 
ruary 4, 1804, Hannah Gardner, born 
March 14, 1782, died August 18, 1828, 
daughter of Peleg and Lydia (Simmons) 
Gardner, of Swansea. Children: Rebecca 
L. G., born December 24, 1808; Catharine, 
September 2, 1810; Lydia G., February 

11, 1813, married James M. Hathaway; 
John, November 4, 1814; Ruth B., No- 
vember 19, 1816; Ophelia, mentioned be- 
low; Jarvis, September 27, 1819, married 
Rachel Ripley ; William H., February 14, 
1821 ; Jeremiah, mentioned below; Han- 
nah G., July 29, 1824; Abraham G., July 
13. 1828. 

(IX) Ophelia Brown, fifth daughter of 
Jeremiah (2) and Llannah (Gardner) 



187 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Brown, was born February 5, 1818, and 
became the wife of Edward Anthony- 

(IX) Jeremiah (3) Brown, fourth son 
of Jeremiah (2) and Hannah (Gardner) 
Brown, was born December 25. 1822, in 
Swansea, and died at his home in Fall 
River, September 22, 1910, where he 
spent the greater part of his life. He 
married Emeline E. Almy. who died in 
1908. Their children were Annie E. and 
Isaac A. 

(X) Isaac A. Brown, only son of Jere- 
miah (3) and Emeline E. (Almy) Brown, 
was born in Fall River, August i, 1849. 
There he received his early education, and 
for some years was connected with a re- 
tail grocery business. In 1872 he became 
bookkeeper at the Narragansett Mills, 
holding that office for twenty-five years 
continuously. On March 23, 1897, he was 
elected treasurer of the mills, and he has 
since served in that capacity. Mr. Brown 
is a member of Mount Hope Lodge, An- 
cient Free and Accepted Masons. He 
married, January 22, 1873, Lydia A. 
Davis, daughter of Jason Davis, of Fall 
River, and they have had one son and 
one daughter : George Emery, born No- 
vember 5. 1873, a cotton broker in Fall 
River, married Cora Leeburn Brown ; and 
Helen, who died at the age of twenty 
y-ears. 

(The Dean Line). 

(I) Walter Dean was born in Chard, 
England, between 1615 and 1620, was a 
man of influence, and highly esteemed 
among his English neighbors at Taunton. 
He married Eleanor, daughter of Richard 
Strong, of Taunton, England, who came 
to New England with her brother. Elder 
John Strong, in the "Mary and John," in 
1630. They had children : Joseph, was 
a cordwainer in Taunton ; Ezra, men- 
tioned below ; Benjamin, settled in Taun- 
ton. 

(II) Ezra Dean, son of Walter and 



Eleanor (Strong) Dean, settled in Taun- 
ton, and died between October 28, 1727, 
and February 15, 1732. He married, De- 
cember 17, 1676, Bethiah, daughter of 
Deacon Samuel and Susanna (Orcutt) 
Edson, of Bridgewater. Children : Bethiah, 
born October 14, 1677, died November 27, 
1679; Ezra, mentioned below; Samuel, 
April II, 1682, died February 16, 1683; 
Seth, June 3, 1683 ; Margaret, married 

Shaw ; Ephraim, married Mary 

Allen, of Rehoboth, Massachusetts. 

(III) Dr. Ezra (2) Dean, eldest son of 
Ezra (i) and Bethiah (Edson) Dean, was 
born October 14 or 19, 1680, and was a 
physician, residing in Taunton. He mar- 
ried (first) Abigail Leonard, (second) 
Abigail, daughter of Samuel Brentnell, of 
Bridgewater, who survived him. His 
family was remarkable for its longevity. 
The following is an extract from a com- 
munication published in the "Columbian 
Reporter," a newspaper published in 
Taunton in 1825 : 

Dr. Ezra Deane's children were: (i) Ezra, 
died at the age of eighty-nine years. (2) Theo- 
dora, died at the age of one hundred years. 

(3) Abigail, died at the age of ninety-five years. 

(4) Bethiah. died at the age of ninety-six years. 

(5) Nehemiah. died at the age of ninety years. 

(6) James, died at the age of ninety years. (7) 
Seth, died at the age of eighty-eight years. (8) 
Solomon, died at the age of sixty-one years. 
(9) Elkanah, died at the age of eighty-seven 
years. (10) William, is living (1825) aged 
ninety-four years. (11) George, died at the age 
of eighty-six years. (12) Elisha, died at the age 
of eighty-three years. (13) Nathaniel, died at 
the age of twenty-five years. (14) Esther, living 
1825, aged ninety-two years. (15) Prudence, died 
at the age of eighty years. (16) Stephen, died at 
the age of fifty-one years. United ages 1307. 
Eleven of the family lived more than 1000 years, 
two of whom are now (1825) living. 

(IV) Solomon Dean, son of Dr. Ezra 
(2) Dean, was born in 1723, and died in 
1784, in Taunton. He married Mary Wil- 



188 



EXXYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Hams, daughter of Richard Williams (3), 
and had children: Abisha; Richard, men- 
tioned below ; Solomon ; Nathaniel ; Brin- 
ton ; Sylvester; Wealthy, married John 
Robinson, of Raynham. 

(V) Richard Dean, son of Solomon and 
Mary (Williams) Dean, married Deborah 
Grossman, and had children : Simeon ; 
Richard ; ApoUos, mentioned below ; Deb- 
orah ; James ; Bethiah ; Calvin ; Dolly ; 
Abijah, born April 28, 1782. 

(VI) ApoUos Dean, fourth son of Rich- 
ard and Deborah (Grossman) Dean, was 
born April 18, 1770, in Tiverton, and set- 
tled in Freetown, Massachusetts, where 
he married, February 10, 1803, Garoline 
French, born August 10, 1779, in Berkley, 
Massachusetts. Ghildren : Apollos, born 
November 25, 1803; Samuel F., February 
8, 1805, died September 20, 1887; Garo- 
line, June 22, 1809, married James Aladi- 
son Deane ; Job, September 2, 1S12; Ma- 
tilda, mentioned below. 

(VII) Matilda Dean, youngest child of 
Apollos and Garoline (French) Dean, was 
born May 2, 1816, in Freetown, and was 
married, May 2, 1857, to Jason Davis, of 
Fall River (see Davis V). 



WHITTEMORE, Eric Hamblett, 

Manufacturer. 

The form of Whitmore is chiefly used 
in England and by many of the descend- 
ants in this country. Others employ the 
form Whittemore, and by some descend- 
ants the name is spelled Wetmore. It has 
been traced back in England to the 
twelfth century, as the result of research 
made by T. J. Whittemore, chief engineer 
of the Ghicago, ]Milwaukee & St. Louis 
Railroad. This labor employed several 
years at considerable expense and infinite 
pains to secure accuracy. The name has 
been conspicuous in this country through 
public service and high private character 
of many who bore and bear it. 



(I) The Whitmores of Staffordshire, 
England, were originally termed de Bot- 
rel. The name of the father of William 
de Botrel and his brother, Peter de Botrel, 
is unknown. William had a son William. 

(II) Peter de Botrel, of Staffordshire, 
had a son Radulph or Ralph. 

(III) Ralph de Botrel married twice. 
His son William by the first wife married 
Avisa de Whitmore. William (IV) had 
a son Reginald (V), who had a son Rob- 
ert (VI), who had a son Robert (VII). 
This is not the American line. That de- 
scends from the second wife, by her son 
Ralph de Botrel and not by Rad Fitz 
Wetmore, an illegitimate son. Rad had a 
son Will le Burg\^yllon. 

(IV) Ralph de Botrel had a son. Sir 
John. 

(V) Sir John de Whitmore married 

Agnes and had at least three sons : 

John, Lord of Whitmore, founder of what 
the genealogists call the Gaunton line ; 
William, married Alice Fenners, had son 
Philip (VII), founded what is called the 
Glaverly branch ; Ralph. 

(VI) John (2) Whitmore, son of Sir 
John (i) de Whitmore. married Mar- 
gerie . 

(VII) Richard Whitmore, son of John 
(2) Whitmore, married Susannah, daugh- 
ter of Sir Philip Draycote, of Painesley, 
Knight, and had: Jane, married John 
Blunt; Mary, married John Gifford ; Bea- 
trix, married John Ghetwind ; Ghristina, 
married Richard Fleetwood ; and Philip. 

(VTII) Philip Whitmore, son of Rich- 
ard Whitmore. married Thomasine, 
daughter of Richard Oliver, and had a 
son Richard. 

(IX) Richard (2) Whitmore, son of 
Philip Whitmore, married (first) a daugh- 
ter of Sir Ralph Bagot ; married (second) 
a daughter of Richard Deveraux ; married 
(third) a daughter of Simon Harcourt, 
probably of Ellenhall, Staffordshire, and 
by his third wife had son Nicholas. 



189 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(X) Nicholas W'hitmore, son of Rich- 
ard (2) Whitmore, married Annie, daugh- 
ter of Thomas Aston, of Tixall, StalTord- 
shire, and had : Mary, married WilHam 
Lusone ; Anthony. 

(XI) Anthony Whitmore, son of Nich- 
olas Whitmore, married Christina, daugh- 
ter and heir of Nicholas Vaux, and had : 
Joan, William. 

(XII) William Whitmore, son of An- 
thony Whitmore, had a son John. 

(XIII) John (3) Whitmore, second son 
of William Whitmore, in the reign of 
Henry VI., married (first) Alice, daugh- 
ter and heir of Robert Blyton, of Caun- 
ton. County Notts; married (second) 
Katherine, daughter and heir of Robert 
Compton, of Hawton (Visitation of York, 
1563), and had son William, the heir, who 
married a daughter of John Ridley. Wil- 
liam, of Rottenham, died in 1568. 

(XIV) Robert Whitmore, son of John 
(3) Whitmore, married (second) Alice 
Atwoode, of Harlington, Bedfordshire. 
He died at Caunton in 1540. By this mar- 
riage the children were : Richard, died 
without issue, 1559; John, living in 1545; 
Charles, died 1568; Thomas, living in 
1559; Rowland, living in 1591 ; James, 
Randall, and three daughters. Thomas 
Whitmore, of Hitchin, was the son of Ed- 
mund, or Rowland, son of Robert. 
Hitchin is the parish where the immi- 
grant, Thomas Whitmore, was born, and 
he was the son of another Thomas W^hit- 
more, as will be seen later. 

(XV) Charles Whitmore, son of Rob- 
ert Whitmore, died in 1568. He lived in 
Tuxforth, County Notts. His children 
were: William, died 1582, in County 
Notts ; John, supposed to have lived in 
Stafifordshire and died 1571 ; Robert, died 
1608; Richard, died 1578; James, died 
1614; Thomas, the elder, died 1649; 
Roger, of Hitchin ; Christopher, of County 
Bedford, died 1640; four daughters and a 



posthumous child supposed to be George. 
Three of the sons spelled the name 
Whittamore, three spelled it Watmore, 
and one Whitmore, the spelling that has 
prevailed in England. 

(XVI) Thomas Whitmore, son of 
Charles Whitmore, lived in Hitchin, 
County of Hertford, England. He had 
wife Mary. His two sons immigrated to 
New England ; Thomas to Maiden, Mas- 
sachusetts, and John to Stamford, Con- 
necticut. Thomas, of Maiden, is the an- 
cestor of most of the American Whitte- 
mores. John \\'hitmore, of Stamford, 
had a daughter Elizabeth and son, John 
Whitmore, who was of age in 1649, I'ved 
at Stamford and Middletown, Connecti- 
cut. 

(The American Line). 

(I) Thomas (2) Whittemore (as the 
name appears in the records of Cam- 
bridge, W'atertown and other Massachu- 
setts neighborhoods) was born at Hitchin 
and came to New England in 1639 or 1640. 
He had a child born in England in the 
first named year, and in the latter year 
he signed a petition at Charlestown, Mas- 
sachusetts. He soon removed to the 
"Mystick Side," later known as Maiden, 
in that part of the town which is now 
Everett. He bought land of John Cot- 
ton in 1645 which adjoined his home lot 
and is now in the city of Everett, and 
continued in the family until May i, 1845, 
a period of two hundred years. The site 
of his first dwelling house is known. He 
died there May 25, 1661, and his will was 
proved one month later. He was thrice 
married, but the name of his first wife is 
unknown. He married (second) x\pril 14, 
1623, in England, Sarah Deardes. who 
was buried November 17, 1628. His third 
wife, Hannah, was born 1612, and after 
his death married (second) June 3, 1663, 
Benjamin Butterfield, of Chelmsford, 
Massachusetts, and was still living in 

190 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1680. His first child, Thomas, received 
his portion of his father's estate in Eng- 
land and there remained. He subse- 
quently gave the same name to another 
son in this country. Children: Sarah, 
Mary, Thomas, Daniel, John, died young ; 
Nathaniel, John (all born in England), 
Elizabeth, Benjamin, Thomas, Samuel, 
Pelatiah, Abraham. The first, baptized 
April 14, 1616, was a child of the first 
wife. There were two of the second and 
the others were children of the third wife. 

(II) Daniel Whittemore, second son of 
Thomas (2) and eldest child of his sec- 
ond wife, Sarah (Deardes) Whittemore, 
was born July 31, 1633, in Hitchin, died 
May II, 1683, on the paternal homestead 
on "Mystick Side" which he inherited, 
and bequeathed to his sons, Daniel and 
John. His will was nuncupative, and was 
not proved until nearly two years after 
his death, and his widow was made ad- 
ministratrix. He married, March 7, 1662, 
Mary, daughter of Richard Mellins, of 
Charlestown. She died May 11, 1683. 
Richard Mellins removed from Charles- 
town to Weymouth, Massachusetts, 
where he was admitted a freeman, Sep- 
tember 7, 1639. Daniel Whittemore's 
children: I. Daniel, born April zj, 1663; 
resided in Charlestown and Maiden ; died 
September 21, 1756, and left his home- 
stead to his son Daniel. 2. John, men- 
tioned below. 3. Thomas, born March 5, 
1667. 4. Mary, born February 15, 1669. 
5. Nathaniel, born February 7, 1670. 

(III) John Whittemore, second son of 
Daniel and Mary (Mellins) Whittemore, 
was born February 12, 1665, died in Mai- 
den, March 4, 1730. His whole estate was 
valued at five hundred and three pounds, 
and his widow, Ruth, was appointed ad- 
ministratrix, April 3, of that year. He 
married, in 1692, Ruth, daughter of Jo- 
seph and Martha (Hobart) Bassett, of 
Bridgewater, Massachusetts. Joseph Bas- 



sett was a son of William Bassett, 
who came over in the ship "Fortune," 
in 1621, lived in Duxbury, Massachu- 
setts, in 1637, and was deputy to the 
general court in 1640-41-42-43-44. He 
joined Governor Bradford and others in 
the purchase of Dartmouth, Massachu- 
setts, and removed to Bridgewater, where 
he died in 1667. Children of John Whitte- 
more : I. John, born September 12, 1694, 
in Maiden. 2. Jeremiah, mentioned be- 
low. 3. Joseph, married Ruth Eustice. 
4. Benjamin, married Sarah Kendall. 5. 
Patience, married Timothy Lamson. 6. 
David, born April 6, 1706; resided in Bos- 
ton ; married (first) Alice Kendall, and 

(second) Sarah . 7. Deborah, born 

March i, 1708: married Moses Gleason. 
8. Elias, married Rhoda Holt. 9. Pelatiah, 
born October 30, 1710; resided in Dun- 
stable ; married Deborah Kendall. 

(IV) Jeremiah Whittemore, second 
son of John and Ruth (Bassett) Whitte- 
m,ore, was born 1695-96, in Maiden, and 
resided in Weston and Concord, Massa- 
chusetts, dying in the latter town, March 
31, 1783, in his eighty-eighth year. He 
married (first) in Boston, March 15, 1722, 
Patience Reed, seventh daughter of Israel 
and Mary (Kendall) Reed, of Woburn, 
Massachusetts, born December 3, 1699. 
She was received in the Weston church 
by letter from the church in Chelsea, Feb- 
ruary 26, 1727, and died in Weston, Octo- 
ber 24, 1745. He married (second) May 
ID, 1746, Abigail Wooley, of Concord. 
Children, all born of first marriage: i. 
Jeremiah, mentioned below. 2. Isaac, born 
in Weston, Massachusetts, November 15, 
1726; married (first) Ruth BuUard, and 
(second) Elizabeth Graves. 3. Patience, 
born January 20, 1729-30; married. May 
28, 1754, John Flagg. 4. Israel, born July 
10, 1732; married Abigail Brown. 5. Asa, 
born August 7, 1736, died April 12, 1746. 

(V) Jeremiah (2) Whittemore, eldest 



191 



EXCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



child of Jeremiah (i) and Patience (Reed) 
Whittemore, was born August i6, 1723, 
in Concord, Massachusetts, died at Spen- 
cer, same State, May 14, 1803. He re- 
moved from Weston to Spencer in 1760. 
Part of his children were born in the lat- 
ter town. He married, June 2, 1748, Mary 
Carter, and their children were: i. Asa, 
born November 10, 1749. 2. Amos, born 
May 7, 1751. 3- Reuben, mentioned be- 
low. 4. Mary, born in Weston, married 
Nathan Wright, October 26, 1779. 5. 
Tamar, born June 18, 1756, married Rob- 
ert Watson. 6. Sybil, born January 17, 
1758, married Reuben Underwood, Feb- 
ruary I, 1779. 7. Aaron, born in Spencer, 
March i, 1762. 8. Esther, born Decem- 
ber 28. 1764, died unmarried. 9. Jere- 
miah, born February 21, 1766. 10. Sarah, 
born March 16, 1768, married Ebenezcr 
Kingsbury. 

(VI) Reuben Whittemore, third son of 
Jeremiah (2) and Mary (Carter) Whitte- 
more, was born April 29, 1754. in Wes- 
ton, and died in Spencer, April 19, 1832. 
He was about six years of age when the 
family removed to Spencer, and there he 
passed his life. He married, March 2, 
1774, Abigail Watson, and they had chil- 
dren: I. Betsey, born June 15, 1780, mar- 
ried James Browning. 2. Amos, born 
September 7, 1782, resided in Hartford, 
Connecticut. 3. Thankful, born February 
6, 1785, died August 22, 1838. 4. Daniel, 
born April 28, 1787. 5. Roswell, born 
October 3, 1789. 6. Reuben, born Febru- 
ary 5, 1795. 7. Oliver, mentioned below. 
8. Caroline, born December 14, 1798, mar- 
ried Samuel M. Hobbs. 9. William, born 
July 7, 1801, died April 4, 1841, unmar- 
ried. 10. Abigail, born November 20, 
1803. married Augustus Rider, of Spen- 
cer, had one son, Alfred. 

(VII) Oliver Whittemore, fifth son of 
Reuben and Abigail (Watson) Whitte- 
more, was born February n, 1797, in 



Spencer, and died March 29, 1830, at the 
age of thirty-three years. He was a 
farmer in his native town. He married, 
June 26, 1823, Lydia Jones. Children: i. 
Eli Jones, mentioned below. 2. Harriet 
Susannah, born March 8, 1826; married, 
April 19, 1853, Phineas Jones, of Spencer. 
3. Oliver Augustus, born Alarch 2, 1828; 
married Almedia R. Treadway, of Crown 
Point, New York. 

(VIII) Eli Jones Whittemore, eldest 
child of Oliver and Lydia (Jones) Whitte- 
more, was born April 30, 1824, in Spencer. 
He received his education in the district 
schools of his native town and Leicester 
Academy at Leicester, Massachusetts. 
He was but six years old when his father 
died, and was early obliged to maintain 
himself. He continued to work on a farm 
until sixteen years old, when he entered 
the wheelwright shop of S. G. Reed, at 
Spencer. He was industrious and faith- 
ful and after a few years became a part- 
ner with Mr. Reed, whom he succeeded 
in business. Mr. Whittemore developed 
a substantial business in the manufacture 
of carriage and wagon wheels, by which 
he acquired a competence. In 1866 he 
removed to Newark, New Jersey, where 
he entered partnership with Phineas 
Tones, husband of his sister, Harriet L. 
Whittemore. The establishment in the 
latter city was conducted under the name 
of Phineas Jones & Company, doing a 
general wheelwright business, and manu- 
facturing carriage and wagon wheels. 
This establishment is still conducted, but 
Mr. Whittemore sold out his interest to 
his partner in 1874 and retired. The 
establishment is now in possession of a 
son of Phineas Jones, he being engaged 
in the manufacture of automobile wheels. 
On his retirement from business, Mr. 
Whittemore returned to his native coun- 
ty, and settled in the city of Worcester. 
In 1877 he acquired a handsome residence 
192 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



on Main street, which he continued to 
occupy until his death, February i, 1914, 
near the close of his ninetieth year. Dur- 
ing the administration of President Lin- 
coln, he was postmaster at Spencer, and 
served the town two years as assessor, and 
three years as selectman. In early life 
he took up the study of civil engineering, 
and for years was the only civil engineer 
in Spencer and vicinity. On settling in 
Worcester he became one of the ap- 
praisers of the Mechanics' Savings Bank 
of that city. For some years he was a 
member of the Worcester County Me- 
chanics' Association and the Agricultural 
Society. In political matters he adhered 
to the Republican party. He married 
(first) April 13, 1858, Maria Isabella 
Pope, of Spencer, who died there in 1862, 
daughter of William Pope. He married 
(second) at Manchester, New Hampshire, 
May 3, 1866, Elizabeth M. Hamblett, born 
in Pelham, New Hampshire, daughter of 
David and Emma (Aiken) Hamblett. She 
died February 19, 1901, in Worcester, 
Massachusetts. There were two children 
of the second marriage : Eric Hamblett, 
mentioned below, and Emma Lizzie, born 
February 23, 1869, now residing in Wor- 
cester, unmarried. 

(IX) Eric Hamblett Whittemore, only 
son of Eli Jones and Elizabeth M. (Ham- 
blett) Whittemore, was born July 30, 
1867, in Manchester, New Hampshire. 
His education was supplied by the public 
schools of Manchester and of Worcester, 
Massachusetts, graduating from the high 
school in the latter city. He began his 
business life as clerk in a hardware store 
in Worcester, and later in Boston, Mas- 
sachusetts, and in 1891 engaged in busi- 
ness on his own account in Worcester, 
manufacturing paper boxes. In 1894 he 
established himself in the same line of 
business in Fitchburg, where he now has 
a large and well equipped plant and is 

MASS— Vol III— 13 I 



transacting a growing business. Mr. 
Whittemore is a man of quiet tastes and 
domestic habits, and does not enter 
largely into the social or public life of 
the city. He is a Republican in political 
principle, and a member of the Knights 
of Pythias. He married, December 19, 
1895, Jennie R. Black, of Medford, Massa- 
chusetts, daughter of Almon and Betsey 
(Bailey) Black, granddaughter of Josiah 
and Mary (Libby) Black. Children: 
Elizabeth Hamblett, born October 7, 
1897; Ruth Bailey, July 2, 1904. 



THURSTON, Edwin Chace, 
Retired Citizen. 

The family of Thurston has been a very 
prolific one, and descendants of various 
immigrants bearing the name are found 
throughout New England and the entire 
country. The family is still represented 
in Fall River, Massachusetts, where it 
shares in the social and material life of 
the community. 

(I) Edward Thurston was the first of 
the name in the colony of Rhode Island, 
and must have been there some time be- 
fore 1647, at least long enough to attend 
to the preliminaries of his marriage, 
which took place in June, 1647. He mar- 
ried Elizabeth, daughter of Adam Mott, 
who came from Cambridge, England, 
when thirty-nine years of age, with his 
wife, Sarah, aged thirty-one, four chil- 
dren by a former wife, and Mary Lott, 
a daughter of Sarah by a former husband. 
They were passengers from London for 
New England, in the "Defence," in July, 
1634. Elizabeth, born 1628, married Ed- 
ward Thurston, and in the Coddington 
burying ground, Newport, stones of Eliza- 
beth and their sons, Daniel, Samuel and 
others are still standing. Their marriage 
was the third on the record of the Society 
of Friends at Newport. Edward Thur- 



93 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ston is mentioned in the colonial records 
as a freeman in 1655. He was also com- 
missioner, assistant and deputy from 
Newport from 1663 to 1690. On August 
26, 1686, he, with others, signed an ad- 
dress from the Quakers of Rhode Island 
to the king. His wife died September 2, 
1694, aged sixty-seven, and he died March 
I, 1707, aged about ninety. Children: 
Sarah, born March 10, 1648; Elizabeth, 
February, 1650; Edward, April i, 1652; 
Ellen, March, 1655; Mary, February, 
1657; Jonathan, February 4, 1659; F)aniel, 
April, 1661 ; Rebecca, April, 1662; John, 
December, 1664; Content, June, 1667; 
Samuel, August 24, 1669; Thomas, men- 
tioned below. 

(II) Thomas Thurston, youngest child 
of Edward and Elizabeth (Mott) Thur- 
ston, was born October 8, 1671, in New- 
port, where he made his home, and died 
March 22, 1730. He married there, July 
23, 1695, Mehitable, daughter of Peleg 
and Anne (Sisson) Tripp. She survived 
him and was living in Newport, October 
21, 1736. Children : Edward, mentioned 
below; Thomas, Peleg, Jonathan, Samuel. 
John, Ruth. Elizabeth, Anne, Mehitable, 
Mary, Nathaniel. 

(III) Edward (2) Thurston, eldest 
child of Thomas and Mehitable (Tripp) 
Thurston, was born 1696, in Newport, 
and lived in Freetown, Massachusetts, 
where he died November 3, 1783. He 
married, about 1723, Hannah Dodson, 
born 1703, daughter of Jonathan and Abi- 
gail (Gannett) Dodson, of Freetown, 
granddaughter of Anthony Dodson. of 
Scituate, Massachusetts, died September 
15, 1778. Children: Edward, mentioned 
below; Peleg, born October 24. 1726; 
Hannah, February 24, 1729; Thomas. 
December 25, 1730; Sarah, November 24, 
1732; Elizabeth. January 24, 1735; Me- 
hitable, February 28, 1737; Mary, March 
9, 1740; Samuel, March 7, 1743. 



(IV) Edward (3) Thurston, eldest 
child of Edward (2) and Hannah (Dod- 
son) Thurston, was born September 6, 
1724, in Freetown, where he continued to 
make his home. He married, about 1759- 
60, Parnold Mott, of Dartmouth, Massa- 
chusetts. Children: Gardner, born Feb- 
ruary 15, 1761 ; Parnold, December 27, 
1764; Deborah, married Elisha Davis, of 
Fall River ; Nathaniel Starbuck, men- 
tioned below ; Hepzibah, died unmarried 
after 1830. 

(V) Nathaniel Starbuck Thurston, sec- 
ond son of Edward (3) and Parnold 
(Mott) Thurston, was born May 10, 1771, 
in that portion of Freetown which is now 
in Fall River, where he engaged through 
life in agriculture, and died May 18, 1844. 
He married Lavina Davis, of Fall River, 
who died September 28, 1891. Children: 
Betsey, born April 21, 1794; Samuel, De- 
cember 17, 1797; James, April 12, 1799; 
Lucy, July 23, 1803 ; Joanna. December 2, 
1806; William, mentioned below. 

(VI) William Thurston, third son of 
Nathaniel Starbuck and Lavina (Davis) 
Thurston, was born December 7, 1809, in 
Freetown, where he followed farming, 
and died February 20, 1871. He mar- 
ried there, December 10, 1833, Elea- 
nor Chace, born June 10, 1810, died No- 
vember 24, 1883. Children : Edwin Chace, 
mentioned below ; George Wilson, born 
March 18, 1836; Palmer Chace, Septem- 
ber 16. 1837; Jason Woodward, January 
5, 1839; Ruth, February 16, 1841 ; Caro- 
line, December 20, 1843 • Phebe Jane, De- 
cember 10, 1847 ; John and James (twins), 
June 22, 1850. 

(VII) Edwin Chace Thurston, eldest 
child of William and Eleanor (Chace) 
Thurston, was born October 7, 1834. in 
Fall River, and was for many years en- 
gaged as a moulder in the foundry busi- 
ness, and is now retired from active life, 
making- his home in Fall River. He mar- 



194 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ried, August 17, 1864, in that town, Sarah 
Howland Anthony, born there January 4, 
1847, daughter of Edward and Ophelia 
(Brown) Anthony (see Anthony XI). 
Mrs. Thurston is a member of Oueque- 
chan Chapter, Daughters of the Ameri- 
can Revolution, of Fall River, and has 
served as charter delegate from this chap- 
ter to the National Convention at Wash- 
ington. She is a member of the Fall 
River Woman's Club, and a faithful at- 
tendant of the Second Congregational 
Church. Mr. and Mrs. Thurston are the 
parents of three children: i. Cora Belle, 
born July 17, 1865, now the widow of Dr. 
Charles C. Terry, who died in 1894; she 
is a teacher and resides with her mother 
in Fall River ; her son, Carl Anthony 
Terry, is a graduate of Brown University. 
2. Edward Anthony, born June 26, 1871 ; 
is a well-known attorney of Fall River, 
member of the legal firm of Baker & 
Thurston, and a leader in the councils of 
the Republican party. 3. Ralph Emery, 
born August 6, 1877; is a graduate of the 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 
and resides in Putnam, Connecticut. 

(The Anthony Line). 

(I) Dr. Francis Anthony was born in 
London, England, April 16, 1550. He 
was a very learned physician and chemist, 
according to the "Biographa Britannica," 
and was son of an em,inent goldsmith of 
London, who had had a responsible 
position in the jewel office under Queen 
Elizabeth. About 1569 Francis Anthony 
entered Cambridge University, receiving 
the degree of Master of Arts in 1574. He 
left Cambridge when forty years of age, 
and soon after began to publish to the 
world the effects of his chemical studies. 
In 1598 he sent abroad his first treatise 
concerning the excellency of a medicine 
drawn from gold. He began medical 
practice in London without a certificate 



from the College of Physicians, and in 
1600, after a half year of practice, was 
called before the president and censors of 
the college. For disregarding the in- 
junction from them to cease practice, he 
was fined five pounds and sent to prison, 
being released by a warrant of the Lord 
Chief Justice. He continued to practice 
and cured several distinguished persons, 
so that he was no longer interfered with, 
although proceedings were threatened. 
His practice consisted chiefly, if not en- 
tirely, in the prescription and sale of a 
secret remedy called Aurum Potable, or 
potable gold, and he made a fortune from 
the sale of this remedy. He was a man 
of fine character, very liberal to the poor, 
died in his seventy-fourth year, and was 
buried in the Church of St. Bartholomew, 
the Great, where a handsome monument 
was erected to his memory. No record 
of his first marriage appears, and he mar- 
ried (second) September 23, 1609, Eliza- 
beth Lante, of Trinity Menaries, London, 
widow of Thomas Lante. Children of 
first wife: John, mentioned below; 
Charles ; Frances. 

(II) John Anthony, son of Dr. Francis 
Anthony, was born in 1585, and died in 
1655. In 1613 he was graduated from 
Pembroke College, Bachelor of Medicine ; 
Doctor of Medicine, 1619; was admitted 
licentiate of the College of Physicians of 
London, 1625 ; served in the civil war on 
the Parliamentary side as surgeon to 
Colonel Sandays, was author of "The 
Comfort of the Soul, laid down by way of 
Meditation." 

(III) John (2) Anthony, son of John 
(i) Anthony, was born in 1607, was a 
resident of the village of Hampstead. near 
London, and came to New England in the 
ship "Hercules," April 16, 1634. He was 
in Portsmouth, Rhode Island, September 
14, 1640, when he was made freeman. He 
was corporal of a military company, and 



195 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



May 25, 1655, was authorized to keep an 
ordinary in Portsmouth ; commissioner 
1661 ; deputy in 1666-72. He married 
Susanna Potter, and both he and his wife 
died in 1675. Children: John, born 
1642; Susanna, 1644; Elizabeth, 1646; 
Joseph, 1648; Abraham, mentioned below. 

(IV) Abraham Anthony, youngest 
child of John (2) and Susanna (Potter) 
Anthony, was born in 1650, and died 
October 10, 1727. He was made freeman, 
1672; deputy much of the time from 1703 
to 171 1, and in 1709-10 was speaker of 
the house. He married, December 26, 
1671, Alice Woodell, born February 10, 
1650, died 1734, daughter of William and 
Mary Woodell, of Portsmouth. Children : 
John, born November 7, 1672 ; Susanna 
and Mary (twins), August 29, 1674, both 
died young; William, mentioned below; 
Susanna, October 14, 1677; Mary and 
Amey (twins, Amey died young), Janu- 
ary 2, 1680; Abraham, April 21, 1682; 
Thomas, June 30, 1684; Alice and James 
(twins), January 22, 1686; Amey, June 
30, 1688; Isaac, April 10, 1690; Jacob, 
November 15, 1693. 

(V) W'illiam Anthony, second son of 
Abraham and Alice (Woodell) Anthony, 
was born October 31, 1675, and died De- 
cember 28, 1744. He was of Portsmouth, 
Rhode Island, and Swansea, Massa- 
chusetts. He married, March \^, 1694, 
Mary Coggeshall, born September 18, 
1675, died after 1739, daughter of John 
and Elizabeth (Timberlake) Coggeshall, 
granddaughter of Major John and Eliza- 
beth (Baulstone) Coggeshall, and great- 
granddaughter of John Coggeshall, who 
came from Essex, England. Children: 
William, born Alay 14, 1695 ; Abraham, 
micntioned below ; Elizabeth, May 2, 1698 ; 
Mary, December 8, 1699; John, Septem- 
ber 12, 1702, died young; Alice, May 22, 
1705, married James Chase, of Swansea; 
Ann, March 17, 1707; John and Amy 



(twins), November 16, 1708; William, 
October 26, 1709; James, November 9, 
1712; Job, April 10, 1714; Benjamin, June 
10, 1716; Daniel, May 19, 1720. 

(VI) Abraham (2) Anthony, second 
son of William and Mary (Coggeshall) 
Anthony, was born September 25, 1696, 
and lived in Swansea, Massachusetts, 
where he married, February 7, 1717, 
Elizabeth Gray, and their children, the 
first nine born in Swansea and the others 
in Portsmouth, were : Abraham, Decem- 
ber 9, 1717; Alary, February 9, 1719; 
Edward, May 2, 1720, died February 6, 
1821 ; Thomas, October 19, 1721 ; Philip, 
mentioned below ; Elizabeth, April 24, 
1725; Isaac, March 7, 1727; Sarah, April 
7, 1730; Elisha, December 15, 1732; 
Jonathan, January 12, 1734; Peleg, No- 
vember 30, 1735; Daniel, September i, 

1738. 

(VII) Philip Anthony, fourth son of 
Abraham (2) and Elizabeth (Gray) An- 
thony, was born April 11, 1723, in Swan- 
sea, and lived in Portsmouth, Rhode 
Island, where he died September 8, 1777. 
He married Mary Godard, daughter of 
Thomas Godard, and they had the follow- 
ing children recorded in Portsmouth : 
Abraham, mentioned below ; Eunice, died 
December 3, 1754; Ann and Susannah, 
died January 5, 1754; triplets, born De- 
cember 14, 1753; Philip, January 19, 1755, 
died in February of the same year ; 
Philip, February 16, 1756, died Septem- 
ber 6, 1777; Eunice, August 3, 1759, died 
October 16, 1777; Susannah, November 
21, 1761 ; Beriah, September 17, 1763; 
Gideon, June 20, 1766. 

(VIII) Abraham (3) Anthony, eldest 
child of Philip and Mary (Godard) An- 
thony, was born August 19, 1751, in 
Portsmouth, where he lived, and died 
January 18, 1821. He married, in Dart- 
mouth, Massachusetts, December 25, 
1782, Lettice Smith, a native of that 

96 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



town, daughter of Benjamin Smith. Chil- 
dren : Philip, born February 2, 1784; 
Mary, March 28, 1785, died February 22, 
1787; Susanna, December 17, 1786, mar- 
ried Henry Knowles ; Mary, June 23, 
1788; Benjamin, mentioned below; 
Eunice, July 24, 1791 : Hannah, Septem- 
ber I, 1793; Stephen, December 24, 1795; 
Phebe, March 19, 1798; Abraham, Octo- 
ber I, 1800. 

(IX) Benjamin Anthony, second son 
of Abraham (3) and Lettice (Smith) An- 
thony, was born February 28, 1790, in 
Portsmouth, in which town he was a 
farmer. He married there, May i, 1812, 
Catherine Almy, born October 17, 1790, 
in Portsmouth, daughter of Isaac and 
Susanna (Lawton) Almy, of that town 
(see Almy V). 

(X) Edward Anthony, son of Benja- 
min and Catherine (Almy) Anthony, was 
born in Portsmouth, and grew up there 
on the paternal farm. Early in life he 
entered a cotton mill, and throughout his 
career was identified with the manufac- 
ture of cotton, in and around Fall River, 
where he was for many years superin- 
tendent of a cotton mill, until his death. 
He was a well known and respected 
citizen. He married Ophelia Brown, born 
February 5, 1818, daughter of Jeremiah 
and Hannah (Gardner) Brown, of Fall 
River. 

(XI) Sarah Howland Anthony, daugh- 
ter of Edward and Ophelia (Brown) An- 
thony, became the wife of Edwin C. 
Thurston, of Fall River (see Thurston 
VII). 

(The Almy Line). 

(I) William Almy, born 1601, in Eng- 
land, came to Lynn, Massachusetts, as 
early as 1631, and subsequently returned 
to England. In 1635 he came again to 
Massachusetts in the ship "Abigail," 
accompanied by his wife Audrey, and 
two children, Ann, aged eight, and Chris- 



topher, three. He was in Sandwich, Mas- 
sachusetts, April 3, 1637, when he was 
accepted as an inhabitant, and in the fol- 
lowing year he was fined there for allow- 
ing his swine to run at large unringed. 
He received a grant of eight and one-half 
acres there in 1640, and about 1641 re- 
moved to Portsmouth, Rhode Island, 
where he continued to reside until his 
death, in 1676. He sold lands in Sand- 
wich, June 22, 1642, and had a grant at 
Wading River, in Portsmouth, November 
14, 1644. In 1655 he was a freeman, 
served on the jury in 1656, was commis- 
sioner in that year and the following, and 
again in 1663. By his will he gave land 
to each of his three sons. His wife sur- 
vived him. Children: Ann, born 1627, 
married John Green ; Christopher, born 
1632; John, died October i, 1676; Job, 
mentioned below. 

(II) Job Almy, youngest son of Wil- 
liam and Audrey Almy, lived in Ports- 
mouth, in Warwick, Rhode Island, and 
again in Portsmouth, where he died in 
1684. He was deputy from Warwick in 
1670 and 1672, and assistant in 1673-74- 
75. He was one of the seven purchasers 
of Pocasset lands from the Indians, hold- 
ing three and one-half of the thirty shares, 
and was a large landholder, bequeathing 
valuable property to his children. The 
inventory of his estate amounted to two 
hundred and eighty-seven pounds, sixteen 
shillings, including many farm animals 
and Negro and Indian slaves. He served 
on a committee to treat with the Indian 
sachems in the efifort to reduce drunken- 
ness among the Indians. He married 
Mary, daughter of Christopher and Sus- 
anna Unthank. Children: Christopher 
and William (twins), born January 20, 
1664 (latter died young) ; William, Sep- 
tember 5, 1665 ; Susanna, January 29, 
1667; Audrey, April 5, 1669; Deborah, 
August 5, 1671 ; Catherine, January 22, 
197 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1674; John, January 25, 1676; Mary, 
September 6, 1678; Job, mentioned below. 

(III) Job (2) Almy, fourth son of Job 
(i) and Mary (Unthank) Almy, was born 
March 3, 1681, in Portsmouth, and was an 
extensive owner of lands and houses in 
that town and Tiverton and Little Comp- 
ton, Rhode Island, as well as in Massa- 
chusetts. The inventory of his estate 
amounted to 2377 pounds, nineteen shill- 
ings and nine pence, including a large 
stock of farm animals and two Negro 
slaves, to whom he granted their freedom 
by will, to date from January i, 1770. He 
died January 25, 1767. He married, De- 
cember 6, 1705, Bridget, daughter of 
Peleg and Alary (Coddington) Sanford. 
Children, of Tiverton town record: Job, 
died young ; Peleg, born October 25, 1709 ; 
Mary, June 20, 171 1; Elphal, August 3, 
1713 ; Bridget. May 6, 1716 ; Ann, January 
8, 1718; John, April 18. 1720; Job, men- 
tioned below; Deborah, March 21, 1724. 

(IV) Job (3) Almy, youngest son of 
Job (2) and Bridget (Sanford) Almy, 
was born May 16, 1722, in Portsmouth, 
and married there. September 2, 1756, 
Katherine Slocumk daughter of Peleg 
Slocum, of Dartmouth. Three of their 
children are recorded in Portsmouth : 
Alice, born July 2. 1757; Rebecca, Sep- 
tember 26. 1758; William, February i. 
1761. Other records show that they also 
had a son, Isaac. 

(V) Isaac Almy, son of Job (3) and 
Katherine (Slocum) Almy, was born 
about 1765, in Portsmouth, and was mar- 
ried there, as shown by the Friends' 
records, November 4, 1789, to Susanna 
Lawton. born about 1766-69, daughter of 
Isaac and Mary Lawton, of Portsmouth 
(see Lawton V). 

(VI) Catherine Almy. daughter of 
Isaac and Susanna (Lawton) Almy, was 
born October 17, 1790, in Portsmouth, 
and became the wife of Benjamin An- 
thony, of that town (see Anthony IX). 



(The Lawton Line). 

(I) Thomas Lawton, founder of the 
Rhode Island family, was at Portsmouth 
as early as 1639, when he was one of the 
twenty-nine persons who signed the com,- 
pact for government of the settlement. 
His second wife was Grace, widow of 
William Bailey, and daughter of Hugh 
and Elizabeth Parsons. Their children 
were: Elizabeth, Daniel, Ann, Sarah and 
Isaac. 

(II) Isaac Lawton, youngest child of 
Thomas and Grace (Parsons-Bailey) 
Lawton, was born December 11, 1650, in 
Portsmouth, and died there February 25, 
1 73 1. He married there, March 3, 1674, 
Elizabeth, daughter of Peter Tallman, of 
that town. She died May 20, 1701. Chil- 
dren: Elizabeth, born February 16, 1675 ; 
Sarah, October 25, 1676; Ann, April 25, 
1678; Isaac, mentioned below; Mary, 
April 3, 1683; Isabel, March 12, 1685; 
Thomas, April 25, 1687; Susanna, April 
3. 1689; Job, April 28, 1691 ; Ruth, April 
9, 1694; John, September 2. 1696. 

(III) Isaac (2) Lawton, eldest son of 
Isaac (i) and Elizabeth (Tallman) Law- 
ton, was born Alay 26, 1681, in Ports- 
mouth, and married, December 25, 1705, 
Mary, daughter of Jonathan Hill. Chil- 
dren: Elizabeth, born November 24. 
1706; John, mentioned below; Rebecca, 
April 24. 171 1 ; Patience, January 30, 1714 ; 
Mary, January 2, 1727. 

(IV) John Lawton, only recorded son 
of Isaac (2) and Mary (Hill) Lawton, 
was born November 10, 1708, in Ports- 
mouth, where he lived, and married, Oc- 
tober 30. 1729, Naomi Lawton, of New- 
port. Their children on Portsmouth 
records were : Isaac, mentioned below ; 
Robert, born November 20, 1732; Pris- 
cilla. February 14, 1735; Elizabeth, April 
8. 1737; George, January 25, 1739. 

(V) Isaac (3) Lawton, eldest child of 
John and Naomi (Lawton) Lawton, was 
born March 3, 1731, in Portsmouth, where 



198 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



he made his home, and had wife Mary. 
The following children are recorded in 
that town: David, born April 7, 1754; 
Elizabeth. December 2, 1755; Isaac, Sep- 
tember 7, 1757; Hannah, April 15. 1759: 
James, February 27, 1761 ; Mary, No- 
vember 9, 1762; Stephen, August 15, 
1764. They also had a daughter, Sus- 
anna, born about 1766-69, as shown by 
Quaker record of her marriage. 

(\T) Stisanna Lawton, daughter of 
Isaac (3) and Mary Lawton, became the 
wife of Isaac Almy, of Portsmouth (see 
Almy V). 



BOUTWELL. Edson Stillman, 

Successful Business Man. 

The surname Boutwell is also spelled 
in early records Boutelle, Boutell, Boutle, 
Bowtell and otherwise, and some of these 
forms are still in use by American fam- 
ilies. The name is of French origin, but 
whether the first English ancestor went 
to England with William the Conqueror 
or several centuries later, with the ex- 
patriated French Huguenots, is a mooted 
question. Edward, Leonard, James, 
John and Thomas Boutwell came to the 
vicinity of Boston before 1650, but only 
John and James remained in Massachu- 
setts. John Boutwell was in Cambridge 
in 1638, and died August 30, 1676, aged 
sixty years. 

(I) James Boutwell, born in England, 
was an early settler of Lynn, Massachu- 
setts, of which town he was a proprietor. 
was admitted a freeman of the colony, 
March 14. 1639, and died in 165 1. Mary 
Boutwell, mentioned in the court records 
of Lynn in 1640, was doubtless his first 
wife. His will, dated August 22, 1651. 
was proved four days later, bequeathing 
to wife, Alice, and children : James, John 
and Sarah. 

(II) John Boutwell, son of James 



Boutwell, was born in 1645, in Lynn or 
Salem, and died December 3, 1719. in 
Reading, Massachusetts, where he settled. 
He married. May 10, 1669, Hannah, 
daughter of George Davis, born May 31, 
1648, in Reading. Children : John, born 
February 26, 1670; Hannah, June 3, 1672; 
Sarah, June 3, 1674, died young; James, 
m,entioned below ; Mary, January 20, 
1679; Elizabeth, March 2, 1683; Sarah, 
August 20, 1686 ; Susannah, February 26, 
1689; Thomas, February 6, 1692. 

(HI) James (2) Boutwell, second son 
of John and Hannah (Davis) Boutwell, 
was born February 6, 1677, in Reading, 
and lived in Framingham, Massachusetts. 
He married, in Reading, March 13, 1699, 
Abigail Stimpson, born February 3, 1673, 
in Reading, daughter of James and Naomi 
(Leapinwell) Stimpson, of that town. 
Children, recorded in Reading and Fram- 
ingham : Ebenezer, mentioned below ; 
Susannah, born September 16, 1707; 
James, March 15. 1709. 

(IV } Ebenezer Boutwell, eldest child 
of James (2) and Abigail (Stimpson) 
Boutwell, was born October 23, 1700, in 
Reading, and was a tinsmith by occupa- 
tion. He settled in Framingham. in 1720, 
and lived near the present railroad cross- 
ing in the village ; was living in 1757. His 
wife's baptismal name was Thankful, and 
they had children recorded in Framing- 
ham: Phebe, born June 3, 1733; Ebe- 
nezer, mentioned below; Margaret, 
adopted child, baptized October 19, 1755. 

(V) Ebenezer (2) Boutwell, only son 
of Ebenezer (i) and Thankful Boutwell, 
was born September 10, 1735, in Fram- 
ingham, and owned the covenant in the 
church there in April, 1759; was dis- 
missed from the church in July, 1782, and 
probably moved from the town about 
that time. Some of his sons settled in 
Fitzwilliam, New Hampshire, and it is 
likely that he passed his last days there. 



199 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

His wife's name was Ann, and they had in Montague. He was educated in the 
children : Ebenezer Calvin, mentioned public schools of Montague and began 
below; James, born February ii, 1759: life as a farmer. He subsequently en- 
Jeremiah, baptized in July, 1766; Josiah, gaged in the lumber business and oper- 
March 3, 1768; Thankful, July i, 1770; ated a saw mill in Montague. From this 
Anna, October 9, 1774; Molly, July 6, he naturally drifted into the manufacture 
1777; Enoch, June 14, 1778. of sash and blinds and wooden pails. For 

(VI) Ebenezer Calvin Boutwell, eldest a time he resided in Illinois, but soon 
child of Ebenezer (2) and Ann Boutwell, returned to his native town. He married, 
was born about 1757, and settled before June i, 1842, Mary Walker Graves, born 
1779 in Fitzwilliam, New Hampshire. August 20, 1822, in Leverett, daughter ot 
He resided on lot seven, range nine, of Kellogg and Eunice (Willis) Graves, died 
that town, and was one of the petitioners June 24, 1896, in Holyoke, Massachusetts, 
for leave to build pews in the church in Kellogg Graves was born August 20, 
1779. About 1798 he moved to Leverett, 1793, and died November 18, 1870. 
Massachusetts. His wife's name was Eunice Willis, born June 14, 1796, died 
Polly Hosmer, and they had children: November 15, 1873. Children of William 
Lucinda, born December 16, 1787; Calvin H. Boutwell: i. Mary Jane, born August 
S., mentioned below; Elijah, baptized 18, 1843, at Montague; married, Septem- 
September 28, 1793; John, at same time; ber 15, 1869, Frank Wheelock, and had 
Levi, born September 12, 1792; Nancy, children: Lena E., born May 9, 1871 ; 
January 11, 1796; Charles, January 31, Mabel E., October 7, 1873; George F., 
1797. October 15, 1875; the last-named was 

(VII) Calvin S. Boutwell, eldest son of adopted by Charles A. Fox, of Spring- 
Ebenezer Calvin and Polly ('Hosmer) field, Massachusetts, and takes the name 
Boutwell, was born August 19, 1789, in of George W. A. Fox. 2. Ella F., born 
Fitzwilliam, and grew up in Leverett. April 5, 1846. in Illinois, died November 
He was a farmer, living for some time in 2, 1914; she married, September 16, 1873, 
the nearby town of Montague, and died George N. Frizzell, and has children: 
July 23, 1869. His wife, Sarah P. Bout- Ethel L., born June 25, 1876; Lawrence 
well, born August 15, 1790, died Novem- E.. October 9, 1880; Bessie I., January 25, 
ber 17, 1859. Children: William, born 1889. 3. Fanny E.. born June 27, 1850; 
April 27, 1812, died in infancy; Phil- married, May 25, 1875, Solon E. Frizzell, 
ander, February 16, 1814, died March 29, and had three children: Fred B., born 
1879; Lyman A., March 8, 1816, died at September 2, 1876; Marion E., September 
Poultney, Vermont, in 1912; Susan M., 3, 1878, died November 3, 1878; Florence 
April 29, 1818, died June 24, 1850; Wil- B., September 15, 1887. 4. Arthur K., 
liam Hosmer, mentioned below; James born August 21, 1852, died January 25, 
M., December 31, 1822, died in infancy; 1854. 5. Hattie E., born February 26, 
James, March 19, 1825, died September 1855; married Homer Bartlett, of West 
13, 1850; Otis B., December 2, 1827; Springfield, Massachusetts, and has two 
Sarah S., January 13, 1830. sons: Homer E., born January 22, 1879, 

(VIII) William Hosmer Boutwell, and George M., September 7, 1882. 6. 
fourth son of Calvin S. and Sarah P. Edson Stillm,an, mentioned below. 7. 
Boutwell, was born June 19, 1820, in Anna M., born December 13, i860, died 
Montague, and died November 7, 1865, October 12, 1866. 8. Sarah Louise, born 

200 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



July 30, 1863; married October i, 1885, 
Charles C. Butler; children: William 
Allen, born November 18, 1889, died July 
21, 1890; Mary Clififord, May 10, 1892; 
]\Iildred, May 23, 1897; Charles C, No- 
vember 10, 1903. 

(IX) Edson Stillman Boutwell, second 
son of William Hosmer and Mary Walker 
(Graves) Boutwell, was born May 7, 185S, 
in Montague, and was educated in the 
public schools of that town and North- 
ampton, Massachusetts, to which town his 
widowed mother removed upon the death 
of her husband, and here our subject lived 
until he was eighteen years of age. That 
he might benefit by the provisions of the 
will of Oliver Smith, of that town, he was 
then bovmd out to Emerson Frizzell until 
he had reached his majority. He then 
learned the trade of carpenter with Bart- 
lett Brothers, in Northampton, and was 
employed for about seven years by Solon 
E. Frizzell, contracting builder. In 1886 
he removed to Fitchburg, Massachusetts, 
where he continued at his trade until 
1907, when he comm,enced business as a 
building contractor on his own account, 
and has continued in the same line since, 
with gratifying success. Mr. Boutwell is 
a member of the Calvanistic Congrega- 
tional Church, of Fitchburg, and of 
Aurora Lodge, Free and Accepted 
Masons, of Fitchburg. He is also affiliated 
with the New England Order of Protec- 
tion. Politically, he endorses the prin- 
ciples of the Republican party, but takes 
no part in the scramble for office. He 
married, March 30, 1886, Cora B., widow 
of Irwin Field, and daughter of Edward 
W. and Ellen L. (Crittenden) Hamilton, 
born October 10, 1861, in Conway, Massa- 
chusetts. She is the mother of two chil- 
dren by her first marriage : Albert I. 
Field, born October 7, 1879, married 
Nellie SpofTord ; Louise E. Field, born 
April 19, 1881, married Theodore T. Carl- 



son, and has a daughter, Doris, born July 
27, 1911. Children of E. S. Boutwell: 
Bertha May, born June 21, 1891, in Fitch- 
burg; Florence Belle, July 19, 1893; both 
at home with their parents. 



DICKSON, Henry Augustus. 

Civil War Veteran, Boslnesa Man. 

This is an ancient name in Scotland, 
where it is found with a great variety of 
spellings, including Duykison, Dikeson, 
Dykyson, Dicson, Dixon, Dixson. The 
most usual form in present use in that 
country is Dickson, while it is generally 
rendered Dixon in this country. Thomas 
Dicson, born 1247, is famed in historic 
and romantic annals of Scotland, and the 
family was numerously represented in the 
shires of Berwick, Lanark and Peebles. 
In 1489 it owned Winkston, in Peebeles- 
shire, and part of the old mxinsion there 
is still in use. One of the most distin- 
guished men bearing the name was Rev. 
David Dickson, D. D., Professor of 
Divinity at the University of Edinburgh, 
born 1583, died 1663. 

(I) William Dickson, born 1614, was 
very early at Cambridge, Massachusetts, 
where he was made a freeman in 1642, in 
which year he owned an estate fronting 
on Brattle Square, extending from Win- 
throp street to Mt. Auburn street. Later 
he occupied property on the east side of 
Menotomy river, bordering on North 
avenue and Windsor Hill road. Part of 
this estate was until very recently owned 
by his descendants. He died in Cam- 
bridge, August 5, 1692, aged seventy- 
eight years. His wife, Jane, born 1616, 
died December 4, 1689, aged seventy- 
three. Children : Mary, born October 10, 
1644, died 1648; Lydia, died young; 
Abigail, born March 10, 1648; Mary, 
January 17, 1650; Hannah, married Ste- 
phen Francis ; John, mentioned below. 



201 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(II) John Dickson, youngest child of 
William and Jane Dickson, was born 
March 21, 1655, in Cambridg-e, and died 
there March 22, 1737. He married, ]\Ia_ 
12, 1687, Margery or Margaret, daughter 
of Edward and Jane Winship, born De- 
cember II, 1664, died October 6, 1734, in 
Cambridge. Children : Jane, born Octo- 
ber 4, 1688; Elizabeth, William and John, 
baptized July 24, 1698 ; Mary, born De- 
cember 4, i6g8; Edward, January 16, 
1702. 

(III) John (2) Dickson, third son of 
John (i) and Margery or Margaret (Win- 
ship) Dickson, born about 1697, in Cam,- 
bridge, lived in that town, where he died 
July 26, 1775. He married. August 4, 
1725, Mary, daughter of Walter and 
Elizabeth (Winship) Russell, born Feb- 
ruary 8, 1707, died in Cambridge, July 4, 
1770. Children: John, born Alarch 31, 
1726; Walter, mentioned below; Mary, 
baptized December 5, 1731. 

(IV) Walter Dickson, second son of 
John (2) and Mary (Russell) Dickson, 
was born March 18, 1729, in Cambridge, 
and made his home there, dying in 1798. 
He married. May 3, 1750, Anna Cutter, of 
Charlestown, born January 30. 1731, died 
April 4, 1819, in Groton, Massachusetts, 
daughter of Samuel and Anne (Harring- 
ton) Cutter, whose home was near the 
Cambridge border in Charlestown. Chil- 
dren : Anna, born October i, 1752 ; Mary, 
March 23, 1755; Esther, August 23, 1757; 
Rebecca, October 16, 1759; Lucy, May 12, 
1764; Walter, mentioned below. 

(V) Walter (2) Dickson, yotmgest 
child of Walter (i) and Anna (Cutter) 
Dickson, was born December 9, 1767, in 
Cambridge, and settled in Groton, Massa- 
chusetts, soon after 1795. There seems 
to be no town record or tombstone in- 
scription to show the time of his death. 
He was a farmer in Groton, and a mem^ 
ber of the Congregational church. He 



married, January 3, 1793, Anna Tufts, 
born May 26, 1768, in Medford, Massa- 
chusetts, daughter of Timothy and Anna 
(Adams) Tufts. Two children are re- 
corded in Cambridge, namely : Maria, 
baptized November 3, 1793, and Anna, 
September 13. 1795. 

(VI) Walter (3) Dickson, son of 
Walter (2) and Anna (Tufts) Dickson, 
was born March 15, 1799, in Groton. He 
attended the public schools in early youth 
and also prepared for college, with the 
intention of engaging in ministerial and 
missionary work. Ill health compelled 
him to abandon his college course after it 
was begun, and he purchased a farm 
which he tilled until about fifty years of 
age. This he sold, and in 1853 went to 
Palestine, intending to take up missionary 
work. He purchased a farm near Jaffa, 
and began raising fruit, making a special- 
ty of oranges. Here he was subjected, 
with others, to an attack by Mohammedan 
fanatics, was robbed of his crops, and 
returned to America at the end of five 
years. He settled in Harvard, Massachu- 
setts, where he died January 21, i860. 
He married Sarah Eldridge, born June i, 
1800, in Dunstable, Massachusetts, daugh- 
ter of Dr. Micah and Sally (Buttrick) 
Eldridge, and she died May 27, 1878, in 
Harvard. Children: i. Sarah Augusta, 
born September 13, 1825, in Groton, mar- 
ried Walter Keys, and died January 9, 
1909, in Hollister, California. 2. Philip 
Dodridge, born March 21, 1827, in 
Groton, died April 25. 1853, at Jerusalem, 
Palestine ; married Susan M. Mason. 3. 
Almira Ann, born October 2, 1828. in 
Groton. married, June i, 1856, John A. 
Steinbeck, who died August 10, 1913, in 
Hollister, California; they had six chil- 
dren, three of whom survive and now 
reside, as does the mother, at Hollister. 
4. Walter Eldridge, born July 13, 1831, 
died July 20, 1872, in Ayer, Massachu- 



202 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



setts; he married, December 22, 1853, 
Catherine Holton, and resided in Har- 
vard ; of their six children, two sons and 
a daughter survive and live in Harvard. 
5. Mary Elizabeth, born July 4, 1833 ; 
married at Jaffa, Palestine, Frederick W. 
Steinbeck, and died December 10, 1867, in 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, leaving two 
children ; her body was taken to Groton 
for burial. 6. Plenry Augustus, mentioned 
below. 7. Caroline S., born April 27, 
1847, in Groton, married, February 2"], 
1883, Joseph C. Danks, of HoUister, 
California, who died there October 10, 
1900; she now resides at Hollister. 

(VII) Henry Augustus Dickson, third 
son of Walter (3) and Sarah (Eldridge) 
Dickson, was born July 2, 1837, in Groton. 
He was early experienced in farm life, 
both in Groton and Palestine, whither he 
went at the age of sixteen years. He had 
attained man's estate when he returned 
with his parents to America, and lived at 
Ayer, Massachusetts, where he built a 
house for a home. Very shortly after the 
beginning of hostilities in the Civil War, 
May 20, 1 861, he enlisted as a soldier in 
his country's defense, becoming a member 
of the Sixth Massachusetts Volunteer In- 
fantry, in the three months' service. This 
regiment was known as "The Old Sixth,'' 
made famous, among other causes, by the 
attack made on it at Baltimore while on 
the way to W^ashington. Mr. Dickson's 
enlistment expired and he was discharged 
August 2, 1861. He reenlisted July 21, 
1862, for three years' service, becoming a 
member of Company E. Thirty-third 
Massachusetts Infantry. When the regi- 
ment was organized he was made third 
sergeant, and was promoted first ser- 
geant, June I, 1863, filling that position 
to the end of the war. He was appointed 
first lieutenant, November 3, 1864, but 
did not receive his commission until the 
following May, after war had ceased. He 



was discharged June 11, 1865, having 
participated in many of the great battles, 
including Chancellorsville, Beverly Ford 
and Gettysburg. During Sherman's 
southern campaign, he was in all the 
battles from Chattanooga to Savannah. 
At the battle of Resaca, Georgia, May 15, 
1864, he received a gunshot wound in the 
shoulder, which confined him in the hos- 
pital several months. When peace was 
restored he returned to his native town, 
and soon removed to Fitchburg, Massa- 
chusetts, where he has since continued to 
reside. For three years he was employed 
in a piano factory, and then entered the 
service of the Boston, Clinton and Fitch- 
burg Railroad Company, continuing six 
years. During the twelve succeeding 
years he conducted a very successful 
retail fish business, selling out in 1886 and 
retiring from active business. He became 
considerably interested in real estate and 
built several houses, and his time is now 
largely taken up with the care of his hold- 
ings. In 1903 he attended the national 
encampment of the Grand Army of the 
Republic, at San Francisco, and visited 
other western coast points, including 
Seattle, Washington, Los Angeles, Cali- 
fornia, and the home of his sisters in 
Hollister, in the latter State. In 1912 he 
again visited the Pacific coast, accom- 
panied by his wife, their tour occupying 
over seven months. Mr. Dickson is a 
regular attendant of the Rollstone Con- 
gregational Church, and a member of E. 
V. Sumner Post, No. 19, Grand Army of 
the Republic, and has served as post com- 
mander of the latter organization. Polit- 
ically, he adheres to Republican prin- 
ciples, and has been a member of the 
Fitchburg City Council. 

He married (first) September 11, 1859, 
Harriet B. Gushing, born June 19, 1839, 
in South Dedham (now Norwood), Mas- 
sachusetts, daughter of Joseph A. and 



203 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Prudence N. (Green) Gushing, and she 
died September 9, 1902, in Westboro, 
Massachusetts. He married (second) 
August 2, 1904, Mrs. Ida F. Whitney, 
born in Groton, Massachusetts, daughter 
of William and Elizabeth (Keyser) Gibbs. 
She is a member of Relief Corps, No. 39, 
of Charlestown, Massachusetts, auxiliary 
to Grand Army of the Republic Post No. 
II. A son was born June 26, i860, of the 
first marriage, christened Melvin Au- 
gustus, who died July iS, 1863. 



COOK, Benjamin Albert, 

Enterprising Citizen, Pnblic Official. 

There were immigrants of this name 
among the pioneers of several of the New 
England colonies, and the name has been 
honored in the history of various States 
in the Union down to the present time. 
Records in England show that a Richard 
Cook embarked in the "Globe" of London 
in 1635, being then forty-six years old. In 



record of his marriage appears, and only 
one child is recorded. 

(II) Obed Cook, son of Richard Cook, 
was born February i, 1681, in Norwich, 
and married there, July 12, 1704, Phebe 
Clark. The following children are re- 
corded in Norwich : Richard, born Au- 
gust 10, 1705; James, rr>entioned below; 
Nathaniel, December 17, 1712; Priscilla, 
December 17, 1716. The last named was 
baptized at the Preston church, March 3, 
1717, at which time Obed Cook was de- 
scribed as of Norwich. 

(III) James Cook, second son of Obed 
and Phebe (Clark) Cook, was born May 
8, 1708. in Norwich, where he married, 
March 6, 1732, Elizabeth Tracy, who was 
baptized September 16, 1716, in Preston, 
daughter of Francis and Elizabeth Tracy. 
Children, recorded in Norwich : Priscilla, 
born June 22, 1733 ; Mabel, June 20, 1735 ; 
Elizabeth, June 24, 1736; Reuben, men- 
tioned below. 

(IV) Reuben Cook, only recorded son 



July of the same year, a Richard Cook 

sailed on the "Alice" for Virginia, being of James and Elizabeth (Tracy) Cook, 

at that time twenty-one years of age. was born June 10, 1738, in Norwich, and 



1 here are traces of a Richard Cook in 
Connecticut in 1648, but nothing definite 
has been learned concerning him. The 
first definite knowledge of the ancestor of 
this line is given below. 

(I) Richard Cook appears in Norwich, 
Connecticut, in 1680, and is described as 
of Stonington. He must have been only 
a temporary resident at the latter place, 
and does not appear in its records. Green- 
field Larrabee, of Norwich, gave thirty 
acres by deed of gift, July 21, 1680, to 
Richard Cook, of Stonington, on con- 
dition that he settle thereon as an inhabi- 
tant. This ground was in the present 
town of Preston, and he was admitted as 
an inhabitant of that town and received 
other grants of land, including a home lot 
in 1680. He died there in 1695. No 



lived in Hampshire county, Massachu- 
setts, at the time of the Revolution. The 
Revolutionary Rolls show that Richard 
Cook enlisted, December 23, 1776, in 
Captain John Well's company, Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel Timothy Robinson's Hamp- 
shire County Militia. The muster rolls 
are dated in garrison at Ticonderoga, 
February 24, 1777, enlistment expiring 
March 23 of that year. Reuben Cook 
helped to construct the fort at Crown 
Point, and was later in Western New 
York, near Oswego, where he endured 
great hardships. He removed to Wethers- 
field, Vermont, where he died in 1826. 
He married Sarah Blakesly, probably 
daughter of Jacob and Elizabeth (Barnes) 
Blakesly, born August 19, 1743, in Water- 
bury, Connecticut. Family tradition 



204 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



states that he also had a second wife, and 
had in all twenty-four children. 

(V) Augustus Cook, son of Reuben 
and Sarah (Blakesly) Cook, was born 
March 12, 1792, in Wethersfield, Vermont, 
and died August 23, 1874, his body being 
buried at East Guilford, Vermont. He 
was a farmer and lived in Westminster, 
Vermont, where he cleared land and first 
built a pioneer log house. From West- 
minster he went to Moriah, Essex county. 
New York, where he lived several years, 
and where he was the first resident to 
own a cooking stove, removing thence to 
Maryland, where he was living at the out- 
break of the Civil War. He immediatel) 
returned to Vermont, and after livmg for 
a time in Westminster, settled in Guilford, 
where he continued to reside until his 
death. He married in Moriah, June 17, 
1819, Polly Parsons, born April 11, 1797, 
in Westminster, died November 24, 1876, 
in Guilford, daughter of Benjamin and 
Miriam (Winslow) Parsons. Children: 
Unnamed infant, born and died March 8, 
1821 ; Augustus Azro and Marcus Cicero 
(twins), born March 26, 1823, both died 
in infancy ; Erastus Holton, mentioned 
below ; Ellen, born October 2. 1827, mar- 
ried Dr. William Craig; Achsah, March 
28, 1830, married Dr. Charles Edward 
Kells; John Webb, October 29, 1833, a 
soldier of the Confederate army, died of 
yellow fever ; Mark Henry, mentioned 
below; Benjamin Parsons, July 28, 1841, 
who served in the Civil War as a Union 
soldier. 

(VI) Erastus Holton Cook, son of Au- 
gustus and Polly (Parsons) Cook, was 
born June 21, 1825, in Moriah, New York, 
and died in Keene, New Hampshire, aged 
fifty-six years. Educated in the schools of 
his native town, he taught in the district 
schools and later went to sea, on account 
of ill health, following the life of a sailor 
for several months, visiting Labrador and 



the southern coast of Greenland, during 
which voyage he killed a white bear. On 
leaving the sea, he settled in Westminster, 
Vermont, where he resided until 1868, and 
then removed to Keene, New Hampshire. 
While residing in Vermont, he held the 
rank of lieutenant in the State militia. 
He engaged in the silver plating business 
in Westminster, the first manufacturing 
business undertaken in the town. He was 
subsequently engaged in the carriage 
business at Saxton's River, Vermont, and 
thence removed to Keene, where he co- 
tinued in the same business for some 
time. He was employed as a travelling 
salesman in handling machinery at the 
time of his death. While not affiliated 
with any church organization, Mr. Cook 
was a Congregationalist in religious 
faith ; in politics a Republican, and was 
affiliated with the Masonic fraternity. He 
married Mary Emerson, born July 16, 
1829, in Royalston, Massachusetts, 
daughter of Elias and Elizabeth (Davis) 
Emerson. Children : Charles Theodore 
mentioned below ; Mary Ellen, born 
March 8, 1855 ; a school teacher, unmar- 
ried ; Gertrude Elizabeth, November 18, 
1869, married Murray K. Keyes, of New 
Rochelle, New York. 

(VII) Charles Theodore Cook, only 
son of Erastus Holton and Mary (Emer- 
son) Cook, was born June 12, 1853, in 
Keene, New Hampshire, and received his 
education from, the public schools of that 
town and Westminster, Vermont. He 
was fifteen years of age when he removed 
with his parents to Keene, and graduated 
from the high school of that city. For 
two years he was employed there in 
marble cutting, and removed to Fitch- 
burg, Massachusetts, in 1873, continuing 
there thirteen years in the same occu- 
pation with the firm of Hartwell & Reed- 
Ill health compelled him to abandon this 
occupation, and for two years he was 



205 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



employed in the grocery business, after 
which he went with the Fitchburg Hard- 
ware Company, with whom he has re- 
mained down to the present time. Mr. 
Cook endeavors to keep abreast of the 
times, and in political matters is now iden- 
tified with the Republican party. For 
forty years, since February 12, 1875, he 
has affiliated with Mount Roulstone 
Lodge, No. 98, Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows, of Fitchburg, and has filled 
all the principal offices in that lodge, of 
which he is a past grand. He married, 
June 24, 1875, Ella Farmer, of Fitchburg, 
daughter of Sherburne and Anna (Emer- 
son) Farmer. Children: i. Helen Eliza- 
beth, born January i, 1881 ; married Ches- 
ter C. Lamb, and has children : Emerson 
and Chester C. (2). 2. Nina Gertrude, 
born November 15, 1883; married Harry 
A. Whitcomb, and has a daughter. Dor- 
thea. 3. Charles Emerson, born Septem- 
ber 15, 1886, died 1887. 4. Carolyn Emer- 
son, born September 15, 1889, died in 1910. 
(VI) Mark Henry Cook, son of Au- 
gustus and Polly (Parsons) Cook, was 
born June 27, 1836, in Moriah, New York. 
Early in life he removed to Brattleboro, 
Vermont, where he was engaged in agri- 
cultural pursuits. Upon the breaking out 
of the Civil War, he ofifered his services 
to his country, but he was of such a frail 
build that he was rejected. He was a 
good horseman, however, and on Septem- 
ber 17, 1861, he enlisted from Brattle- 
boro as a member of the famous First 
Vermont Cavalry, which made such an 
enviable record and achieved such fame 
for efficiency and bravery that it was 
equalled by but few other cavalry regi- 
ments in the service. Mr. Cook saw ex- 
tended service, participating in every 
campaign and taking an active part in all 
engagements in which his regiment par- 
ticipated until March I. 1864, during 
which service he had displayed many 
feats of daring and braverv. On that 



date he was selected as one of eight hun- 
dred picked men from the Army of the 
Potomac to participate in General Kil- 
patrick's attempt to release the Union 
prisoners at Richmond, Virginia. Mr. 
Cook, with eleven others of his company, 
were then taken prisoners, five of whom 
were paroled six months later. Of the 
six remaining, he was the only one who 
survived the extreme hardships of the 
Confederate prisons, in which he was 
confined for over a year, having been a 
prisoner during that time at Richmond, 
Belle Isle, Andersonville, and Florence, 
Georgia. On March 28, 1865, at the close 
of the war, Mr. Cook was paroled and he 
returned to his home in Brattleboro, his 
health, which had never been of the most 
robust, seriously afifected, and which he 
never fully regained during the remainder 
of his life. After returning home from 
the war and partially regaining his broken 
health, Mr. Cook again took up agricul- 
tural pursuits, continuing thus engaged 
until about twenty years prior to his 
death, when he removed to Fitchburg, 
Massachusetts, where he continued to 
make his home until his demise, which 
occurred in that city, July 21, 1912, at the 
age of seventy-six years. After removing 
to Fitchburg he did not engage perma- 
nently in any business. In political faith 
Mr. Cook was a stalwart Republican, and 
although never a candidate for office, he 
was always greatly interested in public 
affairs and was unusually well informed 
on political issues of the day. On July 21, 
1866, Mr. Cook married Emily Melissa 
Thayer, who was born July 17, 1842, in 
Williamsburg, Massachusetts, daughter 
of Roland Sears and Almeda (Barber) 
Thayer, and to this union were born two 
children: Benjamin Albert, mentioned 
below ; and Ada Louise, born February 
2, 1870, the wife of Frederick H. Colvin, 
of Fitchburg. Massachusetts. 

(VII) Benjamin Albert Cook, only son 



206 



t 



'"oZ'^' 





■U.'^^yJl 



'//,'.//, 



'/ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of Mark Henry and Emily Mclis'^a 
(Thayer) Cook, was born June 30, 1867. 
in Guilford, Vermont. He received his 
early educational training in the sch'jols 
of his native town and in the high scht.ol 
of Brattleboro, Vermont, graduating fi'^^ni 
the latter in 1887. For a time he w?s 
engaged in travelling through the .South, 
representing a Southern dealer in mill 
supplies, with headquarters in New 
Orleans. In 1892, Mr. Cook located i.i 
Fitchburg, Massachusetts, where he en- 
gaged in business on his own account, as 
a dealer in hardware, paints and oils 
Since 1896 he has made a specialty of wall 
papers and interior decorations and has 
one of the best equipped establishments 
in thi= particular line in the State, enj >y 
ing a growing and prosperous trade. Mr. 
Cook takes an active and earnest interest 
in the welfare and progress of his adopted 
city, and has served as president of the 
Merchants' Association and the Board of 
Trade, and is also one of the trustees of 
the Fitchburg Savings Bank. In public 
matters he has also been prominent and 
has been called to various offices of trust 
and honor. In political belief he is a 
staunch Republican, and has represented 
Fitchburg in the State Legislature, serv- 
ing in that body as a member of the com- 
mittee on street railways. In 1913 he was 
elected mayor of the city of Fitchburg, in 
which capacity he has since continued 
with ability and to the satisfaction of his 
constituents. Socially, he is an active and 
prominent member of various clubs and 
fraternal organizations. He is a member 
of Aurora Lodge, Free and Accepted 
Masons ; Thomas Chapter, Royal Arch 
Masons ; and Jerusalem Commandery, 
Knights Templar, of which he is a past 
commander, all of Fitchburg. He is also 
a member of Mt. Roulstone Lodge, No. 
98, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
of Fitchburg, of which he is past grand ; 



Fitchburg Lodge, No. 847, Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks ; and the 
Fay Club, of Fitchburg, which is the lead- 
ing social organization of that city. 

On April 9, 1892, Mr. Cook was united 
in marriage to Minnie Louise Prouty, of 
Fitchburg, daughter of Herbert C. and 
Mary (Phillips) Prouty, and to this union 
has been born one son, Russell Phillips 
Cook, born March 16, 1900, in Fitchburg. 



WORTHY, Justin L., 

Substantial Business Man. 

The family of which Justin L. Worthy 
was an honored representative is of 
English origin, the pioneer ancestor of the 
line herein treated having left his native 
land for the New World during the period 
of the Revolutionary War, residing in 
this country for the remainder of his days, 
his death occurring when his son, Orri- 
mill, father of Justin L. Worthy, was 
about four years of age. 

Orrimill Worthy was born in Hillsdale, 
Columbia county. New York, died in 
West Springfield, Massachusetts, in 1859. 
His active years were devoted to the 
running of a grist mill, in which he was 
successful. During the progress of the 
War of 1812 he was drafted into a com- 
pany which marched to Boston by way of 
Northampton and Springfield, and being 
attracted by the fertility of the Connec- 
ticut Valley, he shortly afterward re- 
moved to West Springfield and there 
passed the remainder of his days. He and 
his wife, Hannah (Hackett) Worthy, 
were active and consistent members of the 
Methodist church. 

Justin L. Worthy was born in Hills- 
dale, New York, July 21, 1823. The pre- 
liminary education obtained in the schools 
of his native town was supplemented by 
attendance at an academy in West Stock- 
bridge, Massachusetts. At the early age 
207 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of twelve years, the time when the ma- 
jority of boys are busy with their books 
and play, he began to earn a livelihood, 
working in his father's grist mill. Later 
he was bound out by his father to learn 
the blacksmith's trade, but subsequently 
bought his time from his father. He then 
engaged in milling on his own account, 
conducting operations in Great Barring- 
ton, Egremont and Stockbridge, Massa- 
chusetts ; removing to Yates county. New 
York, in 1850, but returning to Massa- 
chusetts the following year, when he 
settled in Springfield and there purchased 
the Ashley ^lill, the name of which was 
later changed to the Worthy Mill. He 
made many improvements in this plant, 
grinding not only corn but wheat and 
other grains, and was the first man in the 
section to import oatmeal from Canada. 
The property gradually increased in value, 
coming in 1885 under the management of 
his son, Frank L. Worthy, and he turned 
it into an ice plant, known as the Rama- 
poque Ice Com.pany, which is the largest 
in the section. In 1872 the Worthy Paper 
Company was established in Agawam, 
Massachusetts, which used the same 
water as the plants above, with a capital 
stock of one hundred thousand dollars, 
with Justin L. Worthy as president, and 
in a short period of time this was one of 
the leading industries of that place, giving 
employment to many people. In the same 
year Mr. Worthy erected, for the Spring- 
field Printing Company, which occupied it 
for sixteen years, a five-story brick block, 
measuring fifty by one hundred and forty- 
two feet, on the corner of Main and 
Worthington streets, Springfield, and in 
1889 this building was transformed into 
the Glendower Hotel,which was destroyed 
by fire in 1893. In the following year work 
was begun on a fine six-story fireproof 
structure of buff brick, with terra cotta 
trimmings, and this was partly occupied 



by the City National Bank, the main body 
of the building to be used as a hotel, 
known as The W^orthy, with cafe, offices, 
and parlors, and later, under the direction 
of Frank L. Worthy, an addition was 
made to it and now it has over two hun- 
dred and fifty chambers, steam, electricity, 
gas, elevators, and floors of quartered oak. 
It is one of the finest hotels in the State. 
In 1913 the twenty-year lease of the bank 
expired, and a part of the space they had 
occupied was taken by stores. Justin 
L. Worthy was always a staunch adher- 
ent of the Republican party, believing the 
principles advocated by it to be for the 
best form of government, and in 1866 
was elected representative from. West 
Springfield, the duties of which office he 
discharged in an efficient manner. D\ 
ing the existence of the Housatonic 
Lodge, Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows, Mr. Worthy was an active member. 

Mr. Worthy married, August 26, 1858, 
Mary Jane Spooner, a sister of Major 
Spooner, of Springfield, and their family 
consisted of two children : Cora, who be- 
came the wife of George L. Wright, Jr., 
and resides in Shoreham, Long Island ; 
Frank L., of further mention. 

Frank L. Worthy was born in West 
Springfield. June 24, 1863. He has 
always taken a very active part in the 
afTairs of both Springfield and West 
Springfield. He has not only assumed the 
great responsibilities of his father, since 
the death of the latter, but he has added 
many interests to these. He is the treas- 
urer of the William Warren Thread 
Works, treasurer of the Ramapoque Ice 
Company, of the Hotel Worthy, Incor- 
porated, and many other enterprises. He 
is also much interested in real estate, be- 
ing the largest tax payer in West Spring- 
field. He is a Republican in politics, and 
has always exercised a very potent iis- 
fluence in all town alTairs and been a 



208 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



leader in West Springfield. He is i. 
member of the Nyasset, New Colony, 
Country, and other clubs. Mr. Worthy 
married Helen Morgan, daughter of 
Elisha Morgan (whose sketch follows), 
and they have one son : Morgan. 

Elisha Morgan, son of Elisha and Han- 
nah (Riiggles) Morgan, was born in 
Northfield, Massachusetts, September 7, 
1833, and died in Springfield, Massachu- 
setts, February i, 1903. He received his 
education in the schools of Springfield, 
and became general ticket agent of the 
Boston & Maine Railroad Company at 
Springtield, and held the office until 1864, 
when he resigned to establish the firm of 
E. Morgan & Company, for the purpose 
of manufacturing envelopes. The paper 
and stationery world knows the gigantic 
proportions attained by the business thus 
begun. The other member of the firm was 
Chester W. Chapin, at the time president 
of the Boston & Albany Railroad, who re- 
mained in the firm eight years. This firm 
was the pioneer manufacturer of station- 
ery put up in fancy boxes containing one 
quire of note paper and accompanying 
envelopes, the first known as papateries. 
They were also the first to contract with 
the United States government for the 
manufacture of postal cards. The busi- 
ness was incorporated as a joint stock 
company in March, 1872, and Mr. Morgan 
held the office of treasurer of the cor- 
poration, and was the managing head of 
the concern. Besides the extensive and in 
many ways intricate business, Mr. Mor- 
gan was a director in the Massasoit Paper 
Company of Holyoke ; the Chester Paper 
Company of Huntington; the Hartford 
Manila Company, of East Hartford ; the 
John Hancock National Bank, of Spring- 
field, and the Springfield Printing & Bind- 
ing Company. He was president of the 
United Electric Light Company, and act- 
ing president of the American Writing 



Paper Company. He had large real estate 
holdings in the vicinity of Dwight anr 
Hillman streets, in Springfield, and 
through his influence and liberality that 
section of the city was greatly improved 
and largely increased in value. He was 
a member of the executive council of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts during 
the administrations of Governors' Russell 
and Wolcott, 1887-90, and Republican 
elector from Massachusetts in the Elec- 
toral College in 1889, voting with two 
hundred and thirty-two other Republican 
electors for Harrison and Morton, who 
were elected President and Vice-Presi- 
dent. 

Mr. Morgan married, June 18, 1862, 
Sara G., daughter of Sidney and Mary 
(McKinney) Grant, of Manchester, Con- 
necticut. Children: i. Miles, born April 
25, 1864, died in infancy. 2. Helen, who 
married Frank L. Worthy (see Worthy 
sketch). 3. Roger, born February 18, 
1867. 4. Louise Chapin, born February 
15, 1869, married Alfred Leeds. 5. Fanny, 
born July 3, 1870, died in infancy. 6. 
Rachel, born October 6, 1876, died in 
infancy. 7. Daniel Harris, born January 
14, 1879. 8. Stewart Chase, born August 
30, 1880, died May 15, 1888. 



LAMB, Chester Foster, 

Representative Citizen. 

This is among the earliest families of 
the Massachusetts Bay Colony, having 
been first implanted at Roxbury, and has 
spread out over the State and adjoining 
States until it occupies a desirable posi- 
tion among the citizens of the nation. It 
has been identified with every line of 
worthy endeavor, and has participated in 
the development of the social, moral and 
material forces of the nation. 

(I) Thomas Lamb, the ancestor of a 
numerous and potent family, in early life 



MASS-Vol. III-U 



209 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



was a merchant in London, England. 
With his wife and two children he came 
in the fleet with Governor Winthrop in 
1630, and settled at Roxbury, Massachu- 
setts, where he was made a freeman. May 
18, 1631, and died March 28, 1646. Palmer 
says: "He died April 3. 1645." His home- 
stead was between the Roxbury church 
(Apostle John Eliot) and Stony Brook. 
He was one of the six individuals who 
pledged themselves for the support of the 
first free school in America, afterwards 
Roxbury Latin School. His wife Eliza- 
beth died in 1639, being buried at the 
same time with her youngest child. No- 
vember 28 of that year. He was one of 
the original members of the church. Of 
him Rev. John Eliot wrote in the church 
record of Roxbury : "Thomas Lambe. he 
came into this land in the yeare 1630. 1 
brought his wife and two children, 
Thomas and John ; Samuel his 3d son 
was borne about the 8th month of the 
same yeare, 1630, and baptized in the 
church at Dorcester. Abel his 4th 
son was borne about the 6th month 1633 
in Rocksbury. Decline his first daugh- 
ter was borne in the 2d month 1637. 
Benjamin his 6th child was borne about 
the 8th month 1639 of which child his 
wife died and the child lived but few 
hours. He afterward married Dorothy 
Harbittle, a godly maide of our church. 
Caleb his first borne by her and his 
7th child was borne about the middle 
of the second month 1641." Thomas 
Lamb married Dorothy Harbittle, July 
16, 1640. Their children were : Caleb, 
born 1641 ; Joshua. 1642; Mary, 1644, and 
Abiel, baptized August 2, 1646, "son of 
Thomas Lambe, who was not long before 
deceased, and left his children to the 
Lord that He might be theire father." 

(II) Abie! Lamb, youngest child of 
Thomas Lamb and his second wife, Doro- 
thy (Harbittle) Lamb, was born in 1646, 



in Roxbury, a few months after the de- 
cease of his father, and resided there until 
1694, when he removed to Framingham, 
Massachusetts, residing on leased land 
near Doeskin hill. He served as constable 
of that town, was a selectman in 1701, and 
died before 1710. He was a corporal in 
Captain Henchman's company, in King 
Philip's War, from November 2 to No- 
vember 30, 1675, and a sergeant in Brave 
Captain Johnson's company at the Swamp 
Fight, December 19, 1675. In the distri- 
bution of land to the surviving soldiers 
or the heirs of deceased soldiers, in 1738. 
a portion in the grant of Greenwich was 
given Abiel Lamb, Jr., in the right of his 
father, deceased. The baptismal name of 
Abiel (i) Lamb's wife was Elizabeth, but 
no record of his marriage is found. She 
was admitted to the church in Roxbury, 
December 3. 1676. Children, born in Rox- 
bury and baptized there : Harbittle, Feb- 
ruary 28, 1675 : Abiel, January 4, 1680, 
resided in Oxford, Massachusetts ; Jona- 
than, November 11, 1682, resided in Fram- 
ingham and Spencer; Samuel, mentioned 
below. 

(III) Samuel Lamb, youngest child of 
Abiel and Elizabeth Lamb, was baptized 
April 2, 1685, and resided north of Lam.b's 
hill, in the west part of Framingham. He 
married (first) in Marlboro, Massachu- 
setts, February 17, 1708, Esther Joslin, 
born May 20. 1683, daughter of Nathaniel 
and Esther (Morse) Joslin, died in Fram- 
ingham, March 23, 1729. Children : Mary, 
born May 31, 1710, married Phineas 
Mixer, of Southboro ; Barzillai, mentioned 
below; Samuel, March 10. 1722, married 
Deborah Atwood. and died in Framing- 
ham. March 25, 1793. By a second wife, 
Mary, Samuel Lamb had a son Joshua, 
born August 15, 1733. 

(IV) Barzillai Lamb, eldest son of 
Samuel and Esther (Joslin) Lamb, was 
born September 12, 1712, in Framingham, 



210 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and lived in that town until 1740, when 
he removed to Hopkinton, Massachusetts. 
He married, February 28, 1734, Sarah 
Knowlton, a daughter of Daniel Knowl- 
ton, of Hopkinton. His first two chil- 
dren were born in Framingham, and the 
others in Hopkinton, namely : John, born 
September 23, 1734 ; Israel ; Samuel, April 
5, 1741, settled in Phillipston ; Joshua, No- 
vember 30, 1743 ; Joseph, September 10, 
1747, lived in Templeton ; Isaac, Septem- 
ber 12, 1749, died in Phillipston, 1829; 
Barzillai, 1752, settled in Phillipston. 

(V) Israel Lamb, second son of Bar- 
zillai and Sarah (Knowlton) Lamb, was 
born in 1737, in Framingham, and was a 
soldier of the Revolution. He married 
(first) in Templeton, October 31, 1765, 
Lucy Wheeler, who was the mother of 
all his children. She was probably the 
daughter of John and Deborah (Darby) 
Wheeler, born June 8, 1746, in Concord, 
Massachusetts. He married (second) in 
Templeton, September 10, 1787, Hannah 
(Piper) Sawyer, of Gerry, widow of Ab- 
ner Sawyer, of Phillipston, Massachus- 
etts. He died March 24, 1826, in Temple- 
ton, and his widow Hannah, born 1743- 
44, died February 5, 1836, in that town. 
Children: Jonas, born August 26, 1768; 
Asahel, July 15, 1770; Isaac, baptized 
June 28, 1772; Abel, May 8, 1774; Sally, 
July 7, 1776; Levi, mentioned below; 
Anna, November 27, 1782; Lucy, Novem- 
ber 28, 1784; Deborah, April 3, 1787. 

(VI) Levi Lamb, fifth son of Israel and 
Lucy (Wheeler) Lamb, was born in 
Templeton, and baptized there September 
27, 1778. He lived in Phillipston. Chil- 
dren : Arad ; Dennis ; Louise, married Ly- 
man Thompson ; Elmira, married 

Preston ; and Levi. 

(VII) Levi (2) Lamb, son of Levi (i) 
Lamb, was born in April, 1805, in Phillips- 
ton, Massachusetts, and died in March, 
1887, in Readsboro, Vermont. He settled 



in Windham county when a young man, 
and there spent the remainder of his life, 
actively engaged in business up to the 
time of his death. He was a carpenter by 
trade, and owned and operated a saw mill, 
dealing extensively in lumber. He was a 
member of the State militia, an attendant 
of the Baptist church, and in later life a 
Republican in politics. He married Lucy 
Fairbanks, born June 11, 1810, in Whit- 
ingham, Vermont, died 1864, daughter of 
Asa and Lucy (Saunders) Fairbanks, of 
that town (see Fairbanks VI). Children: 
Henry, now deceased; Edwin Brown; 
Caroline, married Sewell K. Lovewell ; 
Maria, married Amos Underwood, of 
Rowe, Massachusetts ; Levi Lysander, a 
soldier of the Civil War, now residing in 
Chicago ; Louis A. ; Bertha E. ; Chester 
Foster, and Leafy, died in infancy. 

(VIII) Chester Foster Lamb, youngest 
son of Levi (2) and Lucy (Fairbanks) 
Lamb, was born November 30, 1844, in 
Whitingham, Windham county, Vermont, 
and was educated in the schools of that 
town. While a young man, he went to 
Fitchburg, Massachusetts, to learn the 
brass moulder's trade, and very shortly 
thereafter entered the Union army. He 
enlisted July 21, 1862, at Fitchburg, being 
then in his eighteenth year, as a drummer 
boy, and was attached to Company A, 
Thirty-sixth Massachusetts Regiment, 
with which he served three years, being 
discharged in June, 1865. He was with 
the Ninth Corps in the Army of the Po- 
tomac under General Burnside, in 1862, 
and participated in the battles of Antie- 
tam, Fredericksburg, Jamestown, Ken- 
tucky ; Vicksburg, Mississippi ; Jackson, 
Mississippi ; siege of Petersburg; Weldon 
Road, and in the pursuit and capture of 
General Lee at Appomattox. On account 
of an epidemic of smallpox he was out of 
the service about a year, during which 
time he was confined at the hospital at 



211 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Indianapolis, Indiana. After the close of 
the war he took a course at Eastman's 
Business College, Poughkeepsie, New 
York, after which he was employed as 
salesman and bookkeeper in the stores of 
Fitchburg until 1869. In the latter named 
year, he went to Akron, Ohio, where he 
was employed for a period of twenty-four 
years as bookkeeper by Whitman & 
Barnes, manufacturers of mowing and 
reaping knives of that city. After one 
year in California, he returned to Fitch- 
burg, in 1893, and since that time has lived 
in retirement. While in Akron he served 
as a member of the school board of that 
city. Politically he is a staunch Repub- 
lican. He is a member of Akron Lodge, 
No. 83, Free and Accepted Masons ; Wash- 
ington Chapter, No. 25, Royal Arch Ma- 
sons, and Akron Commandery, No. 25, 
Knights Templar, all of Akron, Ohio. He 
is also afifiliated with the Knights of 
Honor, and was for many years a mem- 
ber of Buckley Post, No. 12, Grand Army 
of the Republic, of Akron, and is now a 
member of E. V. Sumner Post, No. 19, of 
Fitchburg. He passed through all the 
chairs of Buckley Post in Akron, and was 
a regular attendant of the Methodist 
church of that city. Mr. Lamb is a mem- 
ber of Burnside Association, Thirty-sixth 
Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers, of 
which he was president in 1914. He is 
also a member of the Fay Club, of Fitch- 
burg. He married, July 18, 1870, Ellen 
M. Smith, of Fitchburg, Massachusetts, 
daughter of Samuel D. and Celia F. 
(Arnold) Smith. 

(The Fairbanks Line). 

Nearly all persons in the United States 
bearing the name of Fairbanks or Fair- 
bank, except by marriage, are related by 
direct descent from Jonathan, the first, 
while there are many who take a justifi- 
able pride in tracing their lineage back to 



mothers born to the inheritance. The im- 
migrant often wrote his name Fairbanke, 
and occasionally flfayerbanke. In his will 
and the inventory of his property there 
appears the variations ITarbanke, flfare- 
banks, Fairbancke. Among the members 
of this ancient family are many who have 
distinguished themselves in the profes- 
sions, in business and in politics, and one 
has filled the office of vice-president of the 
United States ; another has been governor 
of a State, and many have been notable in 
the arts and industries ; among the latter 
those of the later generations of the pres- 
ent line. 

(I) Jonathan Fairbanks canxe from 
Sowerby in the West Riding of York- 
shire, England, to Boston, Massachusetts, 
in the year 1633, and in 1636 settled in 
Dedham, where he first built the noted 
"Old Fairbanks House," which is still 
standing as an ancient landmark, the old- 
est dwelling in New England which, for 
the same period of time, has been con- 
tinuously owned and occupied by the 
builder and his lineal descendants. He 
was one of the earliest settlers of Ded- 
ham, which was established in 1636, and 
signed the covenant, March 23, 1637. Be- 
fore 1637 Jonathan Fairbanks had been 
granted at least one of the twelve-acre 
lots into which the first allotment was 
divided, with four acres of swamp land, 
for the same year he received as his pro- 
portion of a further allotment four acres 
of "Swamp" land, this additional grant 
being made on account of the swampy 
condition of a portion of the first grant. 
In 1638 he was appointed with others "to 
measure out those polls of meadow which 
adjoin to men's lots, and to mete out so 
much meadow in several parcels as is 
allotted unto every man according to the 
grant made unto them." In 1638 he was 
allowed six acres more, which was later 
exchanged for other land ; and at other 
12 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



times following he received various small 
grants. He was admitted townsman and 
signed the covenant in 1654. He died in 
Dedham, December 5, 1668. His wife's 
name was Grace Lee. She died "28th 10 
Mo. 1673." Children, all born in Eng- 
land : John, George, Mary, Susan, James, 
and Jonathan. 

(II) Captain George Fairbanks, second 
son of Jonathan and Grace (Lee) Fair- 
banks, came with his parents from Eng- 
land. He resided in Dedham until about 
1657, when he removed to the southern 
part of Sherborn (afterward Medway and 
now Mills), where he was the first settler. 
In 1648 he owned some land and a dwell- 
ing house in Dedham. In that year he 
received a grant of a small parcel of land 
"as it lye against the side of his own yard 
for an enlargement and to set a Barne 
upon it." In Medfield, afterward Med- 
way, he established a homestead, which 
remained in the family name for several 
generations. His dwelling was the famous 
stone house near the northern border of 
Bogestow pond in the eastern part of the 
town, which is now included within the 
limits of the town of Mills, incorporated 
in 1885. This house was originally a gar- 
rison house, built by the residents of 
Bogestow farms unitedly as a place of 
refuge and defence, to which they could 
flee in times of danger from the attacks 
of hostile Indians. It was sixty-five or 
seventy feet long, and two stories high. 
The walls were built of flat stones laid in 
clay mortar. It had a double row of port 
holes on the sides, and was lined with 
heavy oak plank. The stones have all 
been carried away, and the spot where 
the building stood is unmarked. In 1662 
George Fairbanks, with thirteen of his 
neighbors, signed the first petition for the 
incorporation of Sherborn. Again in 1674 
he and twelve others signed a second peti- 
tion which was successful, and by an act 
of the general court the petitioners and 



twenty more of such as they might con- 
sent to receive as inhabitants, were con- 
stituted proprietors of lands now compris- 
ing Sherborn, Holliston, and large dis- 
tricts of Framingham and Ashland. After 
the formation of the town he seems to 
have been an active citizen, engaged in 
public affairs. For four years he was 
selectman, and was chosen on a commit- 
tee to engage and settle a minister. He 
was also a member of the Ancient and 
Honorable Artillery Company ; a man of 
sterling character, and a model pioneer. 
He was drowned January 10, 1682. His 
descendants are found in almost every 
State of the Union, and in Canada and 
Nova Scotia. George Fairbanks married, 
"the 26 of the 8 mo., 1646," Mary Adams, 
of Dedham, who died August 11, 1711, in 
Mendon, Massachusetts, probably at the 
home of her son-in-law, William Hol- 
brook. Children, born in Dedham : Mary, 
November 10, 1647; George, May 26, 
1650; Samuel, October 8, 1652; Eliesur, 
June 8, 1655; Jonas, February 23, 1656. 
Born in Medway: Jonathan, mentioned 
below ; Margaret, June 27, 1664. 

(Ill) Dr. Jonathan (2) Fairbanks, fifth 
son of George and Mary (Adams) Fair- 
banks, was born in Medway, May i, 1662, 
and lived in his native town, probably in 
the old stone house near Bogestow Pond, 
where he was the first physician, a select- 
man for several years, also town clerk. He 
was drowned December 19, 1719, by fall- 
ing through the ice, while attempting to 
cross the river from Medfield, by night. 

He married (first) Sarah , who died 

July 9, 1713; (second) Annie . 



Children of first wife : George, born April 
14, 1685; Jonathan, mentioned below; 
Comfort, October 30, 1690; Joseph, April 
25, 1692, died young; Samuel, February 
27, 1693; Jonas, June 9, 1697, died young. 
Child of second wife : Benjamin, August 
16, 1715. 

(IV) Dr. Jonathan (3) Fairbanks, sec- 



213 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ond son of Dr. Jonathan (2) and Sarah 
Fairbanks, was born in Medway, March 
21, 1689. He followed the profession of 
his father, a physician, and was a soldier 
in the French and Indian war, 1725. He 
married (first) Lydia Holbrook, who died 
in 1724; (second) June 2, 1726, Hannah 
Coolidge, born January 8, 1692, died in 
1776. Children of first wife: Jonathan, 
born February 18, 1714; Benjamin, Au- 
gust 16, 1715, died young; Mary, Febru- 
arys, 1717; Lydia, October i, 1718; Com- 
fort, February 8, 1720; Moses, mentioned 
below; Daniel, November 5, 1723. Chil- 
dren of second wife: Joshua, April 5, 
1727; John, August 12, 1729; Hannah, 
July 3, 1731 ; Grace, June 16, 1734; Ab- 
ner, March 28, 1736. 

(V) Moses Fairbanks, fourth son of 
Dr. Jonathan (3) and Lydia (Holbrook) 
Fairbanks, was born March i, 1722, in 
Sherborn, Massachusetts, and was a pio- 
neer settler in that part of Franklin coun- 
ty, same State, which was incorporated 
as the town of Shutesbury, in 1761. He 
was a soldier of the Colonial wars from 
Sherborn, serving as a private in Captain 
David White's company, Colonel Joseph 
William's regiment, enlisting April 12, 
1758, discharged October 16, same year. 
He was credited with six months and 
twenty days' service, including twenty- 
three days' travel. The records contain 
very little concerning him, but show that 
he had a wife Hannah, and five sons: 
Moses, born August 9, 1768; Daniel, June 
I, 1770; Jonathan, April 3, 1772; Asa, 
mentioned below; Joshua, October 17, 

1775- 

(VI) Asa Fairbanks, fourth son of 
Moses and Hannah Fairbanks, was born 
May I, 1774. in Shutesbury, and was a 
resident of Whitingham, Vermont, as 
early as 1802, in which year he appears 
on the grand list. He continued to reside 
in that town, where he died February 24, 



1828. He married, about 1799, Lucy Saun- 
ders, born 1778-79, died July 20, 1843. 
Children: Asa, born June 27, 1800; Amos, 
February 18, 1802; Ezra, February 4, 
1804; Phebe, March 16, 1806; Abraham, 
May 3, 1808; Lucy, mentioned below. 

(VII) Lucy Fairbanks, only daughter 
of Asa and Lucy (Saunders) Fairbanks, 
was born June 11, 1810, in Whitingham, 
Vermont, and became the wife of Levi 
(2) Lamb, of Readsboro, same State (see 
Lamb VII). 



MARSHALL, Alfred Augustus, 

Agricultariat. 

This surname is derived from the name 
of an occupation or office. The word has 
doubled in meaning in a singular fashion 
Cotgrave, an ancient authority, says : "A 
marshal of a kingdome or of a campe (an 
honorable place) ; also farrier horse-shoer, 
blacksmith, horse leech, horse-smith ; also 
harbinger." The word comes from French 
Mares-Chal ; Dutch maer, meaning a 
horse or schalck, meaning servant ; and 
the compound word meaning literally 
"one who cares for horses," but by de- 
grees the word grew in dignity until it 
signified "magister equorum," or master 
of cavalry. Hence, under the ancient 
regime, we had the Grand Marshals of 
France, governors of provinces, as well as 
Earl-marshal of England and Lord Mar- 
ischal of Scotland. The Earl of Pem- 
broke is of the Marshal family of Eng- 
land. Few names in England are more 
generally scattered through the kingdom 
or more numerous. There are no less 
than sixty-seven coats-of-arms of the Mar- 
shall family in Burke's General Armory. 
These more distinguished branches of the 
family are located in the counties of 
Berks, Derby, Devon, Durham, Hunting- 
ton, Essex, Hants, Lincoln, Middlesex, 
Notthingham, York, Northumberland and 



214 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Surrey ; also in Ireland. The coat-of- 
arms in general use (that ilk) is: Argent 
a bishop's pall sable between three dock 
leaves vert. Among the early settlers in 
Massachusetts of this name were two who 
lived in Ipswich. William Marshall, Sr., 
born in England, 1598, residing in Salem 
in 1638, according to Felt, and having land 
granted him there, was doubtless brother 
of Edmund, of Salem and Ipswich. He 
came over in the ship "Abigail" in 1635, 
from London, giving his age as forty. 
These records of age on passenger list 
were almost invariably too small. Mar- 
shall may have been five years older, 
judging from other cases where the facts 
are known. William Marshall, Sr., and 
John Marshall, according to Hammett, 
owned shares in Plum Island, in 1664. 
Nothing further is known of William 
Marshall.* 

(I) John Marshall, who is above re- 
ferred to as having a share in Plum 
Island, was born in England, and came to 
America in the ship "Hopewell" in com- 
pany with his brother Christopher. The 
latter remained only a few years, and re- 
turned to England. They were descended 
from John Marshall, of Southark, Eng- 
land, whose son founded Christ Church 
of that parish, and to whom was given the 
coat-of-arms which some of his descend- 
ants still bear. For a time after his arrival 
John Marshall was in the service of Ed- 
ward Hutchinson. He was admitted an 
inhabitant of Boston, February 24, 1640, 
was one of the proprietors of the town, 
and a husbandman. He died in Boston 
in March, 1715. His wife, Sarah, born 
1623, died September 28, 1689. They were 
married in Boston in 1645. Children : 

John ; Joseph ; Sarah, married 

Royal ; Samuel ; Hannah, married 

Parrot; Thomas; Benjamin and Chris- 
topher. 

(II) Sergeant John (2) Marshall, son 
of John ( I ) and Sarah Marshall, was born 



December 10, 1645, in Boston, and died 
November 5, 1702, in Billerica, same 
colony. He appears in that town in 1656- 
57 and on February 4, of the latter year, 
he was granted a six-acre lot. His first 
allotment of common lands consisted of 
twenty acres, lying partly on the town- 
ship and partly on the commons, adjoin- 
ing a parcel of land reserved for "ye min- 
istry." This was bounded by the ancient 
Andover road, and the location is east of 
Narrow Gauge Railroad as it runs south 
from the street. When the road was 
altered, he was allowed a private way 
across John Sheldon's land to reach his 
own. After receiving later grants further 
east, he sold his first grant, and the road 
running east across Loes' Plain was early 
known as Marshall's Lane. A house 
which he occupied on the east road, near 
the turn of this lane, was standing as late 
as 1883. He married (first) November 19, 
1662, Hannah Atkinson, who was prob- 
ably a daughter of Thomas Atkinson, of 
Concord, Massachusetts, born March 5, 
1644. She died September 7, 1665, and 
he married (second) November 27, of 
that year, Mary Burrage, baptized May 
8, 1641, in Charlestown, Massachusetts, 
daughter of John Burrage, died October 
30, 1680. He married (third) November 
30, 1681, Damaris Waite, a widow, of 
Maiden, Alassachusetts. After his death 
she married (third) July 14, 1703, Lieu- 
tenant Thomas Johnson, of Andover, 
Massachusetts, and died April 5, 1728. 
John Marshall's children, all born of the 
second marriage, were : John, June 7, 1667, 
died one month old ; Mary, October 2, 
166S, died 1669; Joanna, April i, 1670, 
married Peter Corneil, died 1704; John, 
mentioned below ; Mary, October 14, 1672, 
died 1673; Hannah, February 18, 1674, 
died June following; Thomas, November 
10, 1675, died ten days old ; Isaac, Janu- 
ary 13, 1678, died April following; Mehit- 
able, August 13, 1680, died two days old. 



215 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(III) John (3) Marshall, second son of 
Sergeant John (2) and Mary (Burrage) 
Marshall, was born August i, 1671, in 
Billerica, and made his home on the pa- 
ternal homestead in that town, where he 
died January 25, 1714. He married, De- 
cember 8, 1695, Eunice Rogers, born Au- 
gust 27, 1675, in Billerica, daughter of 
John (2) and Mary (Shedd) Rogers, and 
granddaughter of John Rogers, of Water- 
town and Billerica. Children : Mary, 
born October 28, 1696, married Nathan 
Cross, of Nottingham, New Hampshire ; 
John, January 19, 1699; Daniel, May 13, 
1701 ; Eunice, October 16, 1703; Thomas, 
mentioned below; Samuel, June 23, 1708; 
Wniiam, July 28, 1710; Isaac, mentioned 
in following sketch. 

(IV) Thomas Marshall, third son of 
John (3) and Eunice (Rogers) Marshall, 
was born March 28, 1706. in Billerica, and 
lived in that part of Billerica which was 
set off to the town of Tewksbury, incorpo- 
rated December 17, 1734. He was one of 
the original members of the Tewksbury 
church, and prominent in the affairs of 
the town, serving fourteen years as select- 
man. His first wife, Ruth, surname un- 
known, died July 5, 1741, and he had a 
second wife, Mary Tarbell. daughter of 
John and Hannah (Flint) Tarbell, who 
died July 7, 1770. He married (third) 
Phebe. widow of Francis Phelps, of Pep- 
perell. She died January 13, 1779. Chil- 
dren of first marriage : Thomas, born No- 
vember 23, 1729, died in Chelmsford : 
Samuel, May 10, 1732, died in Chelms- 
ford ; Joseph, April 3, 1733, died in Hills- 
borough. New Hampshire; John, July 15, 
1735 ; Abel, December 3, 1736, died Octo- 
ber 28, 1753; Jonas, mentioned below; 
Ruth, May 8, 1739, died August 6, 1772. 
Children of second marriage: Joel, born 
May 24, 1744, lived in Tewksbury; Silas, 
February 20, 1746; Rufus, November 2, 
1747, died December 15. 1749; Mary, May 



23. 1750; Daniel, November 9, 1752; Wil- 
liam, May 20, 1757; Hannah, November 
29, 1759, died August 14, 1760; Hannah, 
July 31, 1761 ; Abel, 1763, died June 3, 
1764. 

(V) Dr. Jonas Marshall, sixth son of 
Thomas and Ruth Marshall, was born 
February 14, 1738, in Tewksbury, and died 
November 13, 1825, in Fitchburg, Massa- 
chusetts, at the age of eighty-seven years. 
He practiced medicine in Chelmsford, 
Massachusetts, until 1781, when he re- 
moved to Fitchburg. and settled on the 
place now owned by his descendant, 
Alfred A. Marshall. He married (first) 
in Groton, Massachusetts, February 10, 
1768, Mary Parker, of that town, born 
September 17. 1739. in Chelmsford, 
daughter of Benjamin, Jr., and Elizabeth 
(Warren) Parker. She died in Chelms- 
ford, February 17. 1776. and he married 
(second) Mrs. Abigail Adams, widow of 
Joseph Adams, and daughter of George 
and Elizabeth (Hale) Thurlow, born 
April 2"]. 1746. in Newbury, Massachu- 
setts, died in Fitchburg, January 17, 1836, 
in her ninetieth year. Children of first 
marriage: Jonas, born November 21, 
1768; Ruth, March 24. 1770, married 
Thomas French ; Benjamin, December 
-5' ^77^> was a physician in Fitchburg; 
Sybil. September 29. 1775. died of small- 
pox in 1776; John. November 20. 1776, 
died Christmas day following of small- 
pox. Children of second marriage : Joseph 
Adams, born January 29, 1781 ; Phebe. 
April 30, 17S2, married Henry Haskell; 
Simon, mentioned below. All except the 
last two were born in Chelmsford. The 
first wife and two children contracted 
smallpox from a soldier returning from 
the Revolutionary War. the three deaths 
occurring within nine days. 

(VI) Simon Marshall, fifth son of Dr. 
Jonas Marshall, and youngest child of his 
second wife, Abigail (Thurlow-Adams) 



216 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Marshall, was born June 14, 1784, in 
Fitchburg, where he died September 10, 
1819. His home was on the homestead 
formerly occupied by his father, near the 
close of the Revolution. He married, in 
1810, Ruth Batchellor, born July 18, 1785, 
in Fitchburg, died there. October 23, 
1825, daughter of Timothy and Esther 
(Conant) Batchellor, a descendant of John 
Batchellor through John (2), Jonathan, 
Jonathan (2), Timothy. Children, all 
born in Fitchburg: Abel, mentioned be- 
low; George, born September 7, 1813; 
Moses, January 30, 1815 ; Abigail, Octo- 
ber 26, 1816, died April 25, 1818; Abigail, 
September i, 1818. 

(VII) Abel Marshall, second son of 
Simon and Ruth (Batchellor) Marshall, 
was born April 10, 1812, in Fitchburg, 
where he died January 2. 1892. He lived 
and died on the farm where he was born, 
and was an old fashioned New England 
farmer. He acquired the trade of car- 
penter and did some lumbering, thus util- 
izing the period between farming seasons. 
He was a Unitarian, in early life a Whig, 
and affiliated with the Republican party 
from its organization. He married Rosel- 
ma Narramore, born January 9. 1814, in 
Richmond. New Hampshire, died May 30, 
1S83, daughter of Nathaniel and Ann 
(Buflfum) Narramore. Children: George 
E. and Simon F., killed in the war of the 
Rebellion ; Charlotte A., born March 14, 
1840, died March 6, 1908, married Stephen 
V. Ware; Laura L., February 6, 1842. 
died October 5, 1912, married William E. 
Leathers; Harriet R., May 9, 1843, mar- 
ried Asa S. Jefts ; Alfred Augustus, men- 
tioned below ; Sarah J., April 30, 1847, 
died January 30, 1897, married Albert A. 
Farnsworth ; Clara E., July 24, 1853. mar- 
ried William J. Wyeth. 

(VIII) Alfred Augustus Marshall, third 
son of Abel and Roselma (Narramore) 
Marshall, was born July 22, 1845, in 



Fitchburg, on the old Marshall home- 
stead, where his father and grandfather 
were born and lived and died. His edu- 
cation was supplied by the town schools, 
and he worked on his father's farm until 
twenty-three years of age, after which he 
was employed for a period of five years in 
the Fitchburg post office. For twelve 
years he was traveling representative of 
the Simonds Manufacturing Company of 
Fitchburg. makers of saws, files and kin- 
dred wares. For a subsequent period of 
fourteen years he traveled on the road on 
his own account, introducing and selling 
the Marshall paper covered pulley, the 
patent on which he owned and controlled. 
In 1890 he returned to the old homestead, 
which had then been in the family more 
than a century, and which consisted of 
some one hundred and fifty acres. He 
made great improvements in the farm, 
removing many rocks which had encum- 
bered its fields, and for some time made 
a specialty of strawberry culture, devot- 
ing several acres to high grade straw- 
berries. They were known as the Mar- 
shall Berry, and were in large demand at 
special prices. He later engaged in peach 
culture, until 1903, when he removed all 
his peach trees and substituted apple trees 
in their place. At the present time (1914) 
he has one hundred and twenty acres of 
orchard, to which he is steadily adding 
each year. Mr. Marshall is known as the 
Apple King, not only of Massachusetts, 
but of New England, and considers his 
apple land as valuable as the famed 
orange lands of California. During the 
past season several films were made, 
showing in moving pictures the spraying 
of the trees, harvesting of the crops, the 
sorting and packing, the cold storage 
plant, and other features of his business, 
for exhibition at the Panama Pacific Ex- 
position at San Francisco in 1915, thus 
conveying to the Californians a knowl- 



217 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



edge of what can be done in New Eng- 
land in the line of apple growing. He 
has exceeded in production those of the 
famed Hood River Valley in Oregon and 
the fruits of the State of Washington in 
value, and it is a notable fact that he sells 
apples in that section. His fruit is packed 
in bushel boxes especially made for him, 
each box bearing his name, and each 
apple wrapped separately, in which form 
it reaches the consumer ; many of these 
in London and other places across the 
water receive the fruit direct from Mr. 
Marshall's orchard. During the winters 
he occupies a city residence in Fitchburg, 
and his summers are spent at the old 
homestead, which he has greatly im- 
proved in every way. Besides improving 
the residence and ordinary farm build- 
ings, he has erected a large cold storage 
plant for preserving his product, and has 
greatly improved the roadway through 
his property, building at his own expense 
a macadam road, and has inclosed the 
entire one hundred and fifty acres with 
a six-foot fence. The output of the 
orchard in 1914 was about seven thou- 
sand bushel boxes, from about three 
thousand bearing trees, out of seven thou- 
sand on the place. Twelve hundred of 
these trees bear Baldwins, and the others 
are about equally divided between Sutton 
Beauties and Wealthies. Thirty-five hun- 
dred trees bear the famous Macintosh 
Reds, the best table apple known to the 
trade. To the one hundred and five acres 
now occupied by his orchards will be 
added fifteen more, which are already pre- 
pared for the setting of the trees in the 
spring. The Fitchburg "Daily Sentinel" 
of October 19, 1914, said: "In the buy- 
a-barrel-of-apples movement, which is 
claiming attention in newspapers through- 
out New England, the famous Marshall 
orchard in this city and its great apple 
crop are mentioned quite frequentlv. In 



an interview recently published J. Lewis 
Ellsworth, formerly secretary of the state 
board of agriculture, now an 'agricultural 
booster' for Worcester county, said : 
'Never in the history of Worcester county 
has there been shown so much interest in 
apple raising as at present. The produc- 
tion of apples this season has been a good 
one ,both as to quality and quantity, and, 
moreover, apples are to be offered for 
sale at reasonable prices to the consumer. 
Worcester county apples have a distinc- 
tive flavor that makes them superior to 
Western apples. Respecting the prices 
of apples, A. A. Alarshall, Fitchburg, who 
may not only be called the apple king of 
]Massachusetts, but the apple king of New 
England as well, is obtaining anywhere 
from $3 to $3.50 a bushel box for his 
apples. The rcascn he is able to obtain 
such a good prico i^ that he has a trade- 
marked apple. His apples are standard, 
always the same. They are a perfect 
apple. Mr. Marshall has about 7,000 
bushel boxes. There is going to be a 
good market for all hand-picked apples, 
and the buy-a-barrel-of-apples movement 
is progressing rapidly. Massachusetts is 
not asking the assistance of the govern- 
ment as are the Southern cotton planters, 
who are promoting a movement for 
Southern cotton growers to secure $250,- 
000,000, so that the cotton men can hold 
the crop. No, Massachusetts doesn't 
need anything of that kind.' " Mr. Mar- 
shall is a Unitarian in religious belief, 
and while interested in the material and 
moral progress of the nation, refuses to 
be allied with any political party, and has 
steadfastly refused to accept any official 
station. 

He married, December 22. 1875, Etta 
E. Peirce. of Fitchburg, daughter of 
James and Ellen Lavina (Weatherbee) 
Peirce. Children: i. George A., bom 
June 30, 1877; a graduate of the Fitch- 



218 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



burg high school, and has always been 
associated with his father in fruit raising, 
making his home on the old homestead ; 
he married Mary Belle Coburn, and has 
one daughter. Marietta, born May 19, 
1914, of the seventh generation to live on 
the same farm. 2. Joseph P., born Sep- 
tember 27, 1880; was educated in the 
Fitchburg schools and Rensselaer Poly- 
technic Institute at Troy, New York; he 
is a structural engineer, and has erected 
many mechanical plants, and was the 
builder of the State Savings Bank at 
Butte, Montana; has done work in Salt 
Lake City, and for three years has been 
engaged on a forty-two story building in 
Seattle, Washington, the fourth highest 
building in the world, in the employ of 
the Whitney Company of New York ; he 
married Ethel Felt, of Salt Lake City, 
Utah, and has a daughter, Mary Eliza- 
beth, born December 3, 1912. 



MARSHALL, WUliam Lincoln, 
Active Citizen. 

(IV) Isaac Marshall, youngest child of 
John (3) (q. v.) and Eunice (Rogers) 
Marshall, was born December 18, 1712. 
in Billerica, on the homestead where his 
ancestors had so long lived, and died 
there March 3, 1797. He was an industri- 
ous and exemplary citizen, and served as 
selectman of the town in 1759. He mar- 
ried (first) February 10, 1736, Phebe 
Richardson, born March 4. 1717. in Bil- 
lerica, daughter of Andrew and Hannah 
(Jefts) Richardson, died June 9. 1745. He 
married (second) February 17. 1747. Re- 
becca Hill, born October 12, 171 1, in Bil- 
lerica, died December 13, 1789, daughter 
of Deacon Samuel Hill. Children of first 
marriage: Isaac, born January 31, 1737. 
died May 14, 1813; Phebe, January 
12. 1739, married Benjamin Jaquwith ; 
Samuel, mentioned below; John. May 3, 



1745, died two days old. Children of sec- 
ond marriage: Jacob, born April i, 1748, 
died October 29, 1830; Rebecca, married. 
May 28, 1789, Benjamin Dows. 

(V) Samuel Marshall, second son of 
Isaac and Phebe (Richardson) Marshall, 
was born October 2, 1742. in Billerica, 
and died June 6, 1812, in Lunenburg, 
Massachusetts. In early life he lived in 
Tewksbury, Massachusetts, and removed 
to Lunenburg in 1778-79, where he lived 
on the farm later occupied by his son 
David. He married Sarah French, daugh- 
ter of John and Mary (Kittredge) French, 
of Tewksbury, baptized April 28, 1745, 
in that town. Children : Sally, born Au- 
gust 7, 1766, married Seth Lewis, and 
died November 7, 1834; Samuel, Septem- 
ber 27, 1768, died July 17, 1841 ; David, 
mentioned below; Mary, August 8. 1774, 

married Hart, and died 1854 ; John, 

October 14, 1776, died March 15. 1854; 
Hannah, married James Bicknell ; Nancy, 
wife of James Giddings. 

(VI) David Marshall, second son of 
Samuel and Sarah (French) Marshall, 
was born March 27, 1771, in Tewksbury, 
and died June 13. 1831, in Lunenburg. 
He was a carpenter by trade, and engaged 
in farming, occupying a farm formerly 
owned by his father, about two and one- 
half miles northwest of Lunenburg vil- 
lage, on the old Northfield road, now 
owned by Herbert A. Eaton. He mar- 
ried, January 7, 1794, Sarah Haskell, born 
February 18, 1775, in Lunenburg, daugh- 
ter of Dr. Abraham and Sarah (Green) 
Haskell. Dr. Haskell was an eminent 
physician with a large practice in Lunen- 
burg and Leominster. Children, all born 
in Lunenburg: Nancy. August 2t,. 1795, 
died July 7, 1869; Sally Green. August 
8. 1796. died October 10, 1823: Abigail, 
June 12, 1798, died November 4, 1871 ; 
Sophia, February 18, 1800. died August 7, 
1853 ; David. April 3, 1802. died April 16, 



219 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1879; Abraham, July 11, 1804, died April 

21, 1875; William, mentioned below; 
James Haskell, December 9, 1808, died 
February 3, 1886; Martha, February 4, 
181 1, died February 5, 1892; Joseph, July 

22, 1813, died June 2, 1904; Benjamin, 
July 20, 1816, died December 24, 1895. 

(VII) Deacon William Marshall, third 
son of David and Sarah (Haskell) Mar- 
shall, was born September 24, 1806, in 
Lunenburg, and died March 6, 1857, in 
Fitchburg. He was a brick mason, and 
engaged in contracting in Fitchburg, 
among his most notable buildings being 
the Fitchburg House, still a prominent 
landmark of the city, the First Baptist 
Church, Trinity Unitarian Church, City 
Hall, Dr. Palmer's residence, and he was 
also the builder of many other substantial 
structures of Fitchburg. He had many 
apprentices, among them being Myron 
W. Whitney, the famous singer. He was 
a thoroughly conscientious and upright 
man, a deacon in the First Baptist 
Church, and a "conductor on the under- 
ground railroad," which aided many 
slaves to escape from Southern masters. 
In 1855 he went to Kansas, but the con- 
ditions of his business compelled his re- 
turn in the autumn. He married (first) 
in Mason, New Hampshire, December 30, 
1828, Dorcas Hill, born there July 14, 1808, 
died in Lunenburg, August 6, 1834. He 
married (second) in Fitchburg. July 2, 
1835, Fiorina Weeks-Barrus, born Au- 
gust 3, 1810, in Warwick. Massachusetts, 
died May 7, 1891. When very young she 
was adopted by a family named Barrus, 
in Richmond, New Hampshire, after the 
death of her father through an explosion. 
Her mother and other children settled 
near Schroon Lake in New York, and she 
knew very little of her family thereafter. 
Children of first marriage: William 
Alfred, born August 19, 1831, died July 
14, 1832; Ellen Dorcas, June 3. 1833, died 



September 29, 1852. Children of second 
marriage : William Appleton, April 2, 
1836, died March 18, 1838; James Apple- 
ton, mentioned below ; William Isaac, 
June 25, 1840, died October 30, 1906; 
Sarah Harriet, January 7, 1843, died June 
18, 1844; Mary Elizabeth, May 15, 1846, 
died August 19, 1847 1 Edward Tracy, 
January 22, 1848. died March 28, 1911 ; 
Mary Jane, June 7, 1850, died April 3, 
1851; Emma Fiorina, April 9, 1852, died 
February 12, 1864. 

(VIII) James Appleton Marshall, third 
son of Deacon William Marshall, and 
second child of his second wife, Fiorina 
(Weeks-Barrus) Marshall, was born April 
28, 1838, in Fitchburg, and was educated 
in the schools of that city, where he 
learned the jewelers' trade, and was em- 
ployed several years by Lowe Brothers. 
Subsequently he became interested in 
photography, and with Mr. Moulton, one 
of the oldest photographers of the State, 
he afterwards went to Boston and later 
to Worcester, conducting photographic 
studios. While residing at Worcester, he 
enlisted, August 15, 1862, as a Union 
soldier in Company A, Thirty-sixth Mas- 
sachusetts Volunteer Infantry, and was 
discharged for disability, December 8, 
following. Having recovered his health, 
he reenlisted December 23, 1863, in Com- 
pany H, Fifty-seventh Massachusetts 
Volunteer Infantry, and was mustered 
out July 30. 1865. He was wounded in 
the battle of the Wilderness, losing a 
finger, thus crippling his hand, for which 
disability he now receives a pension. 
After the war he settled in North Leo- 
minster, where he purchased a house, and 
has resided to the present time. With 
eight acres of land, he gives some time 
to agriculture, but is chiefly occupied in 
painting and paper hanging. While al- 
ways active in political aflfairs, in the in- 
terest of the Republican party, he has 
220 



JHP «jv,' yor^r 



K^Vi^,^,-n 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



never sought or accepted any official posi- 
tion for himself. He is a Christian Scien- 
tist in religious faith, and a member of 
E. V. Sumner Post, No. 19, Grand Army 
of the Republic, of Fitchburg. He mar- 
ried, April 29, i860, Mary Ann Conant, 
born March 25, 1837, in New Ipswich, 
New Hampshire, daughter of Andrew and 
Emily (Farnsworth) Conant. Of their 
ten children, seven were living in 1910, 
when the parents celebrated their golden 
wedding in North Leominster, where they 
had lived for forty-four years. Children : 
Mary Jennie, born November 19, i86c, 
married Farwell N. Thomas ; Georgianna 
Judson, June 23, 1862, died July 21, 1909, 
aged forty-seven years ; William Lin- 
coln, mentioned below; Fiorina Apple- 
ton, October 2, 1866, married (first) 
George S. Conant, (second) James Lewis; 
James Edward, March 5, 1868, died March 
23, 1870; Clarkson Russell, April 8, 1871, 
living in Revere, Massachusetts ; Hattie 
Emma, February 11, 1873, married Rich- 
ard E. Daniels; Henrietta Jewett, Sep- 
tember 29, 1874; Estella Elizabeth and 
Delia Louisa (twins), January 2, 1880; 
the latter died April 30, 1883. 

(IX) William Lincoln Marshall, eldest 
son of James Appleton and Mary Ann 
(Conant) Marshall, was born July 22, 
1864, in North Leominster, and educated 
in the schools of his native town. He was 
early accustomed to assist his father in 
paper hanging and interior decorating, in 
which he became expert, and since 1887 
has been employed in this line of en- 
deavor in Fitchburg. For many years he 
has been on the staff of B. A. Cook & 
Company, one of the largest decorating 
firms of Western Massachusetts. He is 
a member of the First Baptist Church, of 
the Knights of Honor, and the Royal 
Arcanum, and in politics a steadfast Re- 
publican. He married, April 18, 1888, 
Cora Mabel Fernald, born May 17, 1866, 



in Shirley, Massachusetts, daughter of 
Horace Francis and Martha (Jones) Fer- 
nald. Children: i. Ralph William, born 
March 6, 1889; is a draftsman, and was 
employed many years by the Simonds 
Manufacturing Company, of Fitchburg, 
later with the Vermont Marble Company, 
of Proctor, Vermont, and now with the 
Sturtevant Blower Company, at Hyde 
Park, Massachusetts ; he married Etta 
Lorinda Forbush, of Westboro, Massa- 
chusetts, and they have one daughter, 
Evelyn Loretta, born March 9, 1915. 2. 
Helen Cora, born September 9, 1893. 3- 
Rachel Martha, born March 16, 1897. 



DUNN, William John, 

Snccessfnl Merchant. 

Daniel Dunn was a farmer in the parish 
of Aghaboe, County Queens, province of 
Leinster, Ireland. He came to America 
in 1851 with his wife, Margaret (Bergan) 
Dunn, and their eight children, including 
Michael and Daniel, aged respectively 
eighteen and sixteen years. The Dunn 
family landed in New York and pro- 
ceeded at once to Paterson, New Jersey, 
where the father and his sons found work 
in the Morrow Woolen Mills, where a 
day's work was twelve hours and the pay 
for boys twenty-five cents per day and 
for men of age and experience, relatively 
low. 

Michael Dunn, eldest son of Daniel and 
Margaret (Bergan) Dunn, was born in 
the parish of Aghaboe, County of Queens, 
province of Leinster, Ireland, March 24, 
1833, and he spent his early years on the 
farm of his father, and as one of the 
family of eight children had a good school 
training which he supplemented by ex- 
tensive reading, observation and travel. 
He learned the business of manufacturing 
woolen goods and was made an overseer 
of the mill. He then went to a cotton 



221 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



mill in the same place where he remained 
several years and became thoroughly con- 
versant with the manufacture of cotton 
goods. He then learned the business of 
dyeing and bleaching cotton cloth. In 
1871 he accompanied a friend, John An- 
derton, to Chicopee Falls, and they estab- 
lished there the Hampden Bleachery. In 
1875 he became associated with the 
Musgrave Alapaca Company with mills 
located in Chicopee, as a partner in 
charge of the bleaching business. In 
1881 misfortune overtook the company, 
and by the peculations and treachery of 
trusted officers Mr. Dunn lost over $250,- 
000. He, however, kept his shoulder to 
the wheel of progress and once more won 
success and ranked among his country- 
men as probably the wealthiest Irishman 
in Western Massachusetts. On the death 
of his partner, John Anderton, in 1887, 
Mr. Dunn purchased his interest in the 
Hampden Bleachery from the heirs and 
carried on the business alone as sole 
owner up to 1891, when he sold the 
bleachery to his nephew, Daniel John 
Dunn, and Edward Foley, both of Chico- 
pee Falls, and he accepted for himself the 
position of agent and treasurer of the 
company, devoting his spare time to safe 
financial investments through which he 
accumulated a large fortune. He was one 
of the original incorporators of the Chico- 
pee Falls Savings Bank, and he held the 
offices of trustee and vice-president up to 
the time of his resignation in 1892. In 
the city of Chicopee he was assistant 
engineer, selectman and a member of the 
Board of Health. He declined to serve in 
the State Legislature, by not accepting 
nomination as representative for his town. 
He traveled extensively in the British 
Provinces and in all parts of the United 
States. He was a man of broad sympa- 
thies and a deep student of human nature. 
He was a self-made man and his attain- 



ments made him a man of mark. He died 
in Springfield, Massachusetts. He mar- 
ried, March 3, 1867, Mary E. Norton, of 
Somerville, Massachusetts, and they had 
five children as follows : Margaret E., 
born in 1868, married B. J. Griffin, of 
Springfield; Katharine L., born in 1871 ; 
Joseph J., born in 1874, graduated at 
Fordham College, New York ; Mary H., 
born in 1877; Kieran, born in 1880. 

Daniel Dunn, second son of Daniel and 
Margaret (Bergan) Dunn, was born in 
Aghaboe, Ireland, June 3, 1835. His 
school days were confined to the earlier 
years spent at the Ireland home and was 
extremely elementary, as the demands of 
so large a family required manual labor 
for the boys, which took precedence over 
study in the parish school. With the ex- 
cellent example of an honest, earnest and 
hard working father and of an equally 
frugal and industrious mother, Daniel 
was thoroughly imbued with the will and 
wish to work and save his earnings, 
meagre though they were. In 1859 ^" 
agent of the Cochran and McAllister print 
works of Maiden, Massachusetts, visited 
Paterson in search of efficient men and 
Daniel Dunn accepted the offer to take 
the position of overseer of the finishing 
department of the print works. In 1862 
he went to Chicopee, Hampden county, 
Massachusetts, as overseer of the Chico- 
pee Manufacturing Company's finishing 
department, which position he held for 
twenty-eight years. He also established 
at Chicopee Falls a hardware and grocery 
business, which proved to be a profitable 
venture, and he retired from active busi- 
ness about 1890. He was a stockholder 
in the Chicopee Manufacturing Company 
and in other industrial concerns of the 
city, and he became a large real estate 
owner in both Chicopee and Springfield, 
his holdings exceeding $100,000 in value. 
He was one of the incorporators of the 



222 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Chicopee Falls Savings Bank and a trus- 
tee from its foundation. He was instru- 
mental in teaching the principle of saving 
among the wage-earning community. He 
was a Democrat in political faith, and be- 
fore the city was incorporated he was a 
selectman of the town. He was among 
the active supporters of the Irish Na- 
tional cause. About 1862 he established 
his residence in Chicopee Falls, and be- 
came a member of St. Patrick's Church 
on its organization, and took a lively in- 
terest in its Sunday school. As a mem- 
ber of the Father Mathew Temperance 
Society from 1868, he did much to ad- 
vance the cause of temperance in the city 
and he was president of St. Patrick's con- 
ference of the St. Vincent de Paul Society 
organized in 1877, and treasurer of Par- 
ticular Council of St. Vincent de Paul So- 
ciety of Springfield. He died in Chicopee 
Falls, Massachusetts, February i, 191 1. 

He married, February 12, 1868, Cather- 
ine E., daughter of John and Mary (Sulli- 
van) Mahoney, of Boston. She was born 
in Boston, and removed with her parents 
to Chicopee, Massachusetts, where her 
father was engaged in building the Bos- 
ton & Albany Railroad. She died in 
Chicopee, Massachusetts, June 14, 1904, 
aged sixty-seven years. Children : Daniel 
and Mary, died young; Margaret, born 
about 1871, graduated at Notre Dame 
College, Roxbury, Massachusetts, mar- 
ried Michael Friary, of Norfolk, Virginia ; 
William John, of whom forward; Callis- 
tus, was graduated at Holy Cross Col- 
lege in Worcester, Massachusetts. 

William John Dunn, second son of 
Daniel and Catherine E. (Mahoney) 
Dunn, was born in Chicopee, Massachu- 
setts, September i, 1872. He was edu- 
cated in the public and parochial schools 
of his native place and was graduated at 
Holy Cross College in 1892. He then 
engaged in the clothing business in 
Chicopee Falls, in copartnership with W. 



F. O'Neill, conducting a men's clothing 
and furnishing business for a period of 
three years. He was next a partner in 
the firm of C. J. Brosnan & Company, 
manufacturers of paperteries and other 
novelties. This business was sold out in 
1898-99 and Mr. Dunn removed to Nor- 
folk, Virginia, where he resided with his 
sister, Mrs. Michael Friary, for nine 
months, and on his return to Chicopee 
Falls he formed a partnership with his 
brother, Callistus Dunn, in the manu- 
facture of envelope machines. In 1904 
the United States Envelope Trust pur- 
chased the rights and patents of the two 
brothers. William John Dunn in 1900 
began a general real estate business in 
Chicopee Falls. He succeeded his father 
as trustee of the Chicopee Falls Savings 
Bank. He was a member at large of the 
Board of Aldermen of the city of Chico- 
pee, 1908-1911, and in 191 1 he was elected 
president of the same. In 1912 he was 
the Democratic candidate for mayor of 
Chicopee ; there were four other candi- 
dates on the field, and while polling a 
large vote he failed in being chosen to the 
office. The vote was so evenly divided 
that the difference between the highest 
and lowest vote received by any candi- 
date was forty-two votes. In 1914 he was 
again placed in nomination by his party, 
and he was elected December 8, 1914. 
He was inaugurated mayor of the city of 
Chicopee, January 4, 1915. President 
Dunn is a member of the Improved Order 
of Red Men. He was brought up in the 
faith of the Roman Catholic church, and 
was very jealous of the good name of 
Catholic, and followed his illustrious 
father in the participation of the good 
works carried on by the church. He is 
a man of splendid address and of affable 
manner and holds a high place in the 
ranks of successful men of business affairs 
of the Connecticut Valley. 

He married, October 28, 1902, Ellen A., 



2-'3 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



daughter of Nicholas R. Fitzgerald, of 
Springfield, and by this marriage two of 
the prominent families of the ancient 
Irish kingdom of Leinster, Ireland, was 
united, which kingdom gives the title of 
Duke to the Fitzgerald family, whose 
head is the sole duke and primier peer of 
Ireland. 



PRATT, Frederick S. and Robert G.. 
ReprecentatiTe Citizens. 

Thomas Pratt, the immigrant ancestor, 
was born in England and came to this 
country as early as 1647. He was ad- 
mitted a freeman, May 26, 1647, and was 
at Watertown, Massachusetts, in 1652, 
when he took the oath of fidelity. He 
was probably from London. About 1679 
he purchased of Thomas Fames thirty 
acres of land in Framingham and located 
in that town. By his wife Susanna he 
had the following children : Thomas ; 
Abial, married Daniel Bigelow ; Eben- 
ezer; Joseph; John; Philip; Ephraim ; 
Nathaniel ; Jonathan ; David ; Jabez. 

(II) Jonathan Pratt, son of Thomas 
Pratt, was born about 1670. He resided 
on part of his father's homestead in Fram- 
ingham, but was an early settler of Ox- 
ford, Worcester county, Massachusetts, 
and was selectman of that town in 1723. 
Administration on his estate was granted 
in 1735. He married Sarah Gale, daugh- 
ter of John Gale, of Framingham. Chil- 
dren : Jonathan, mentioned below ; Abra- 
ham ; Sarah, married Oliver Shumway ; 
Joseph ; Lydia, married Jedediah Barton ; 
Micah ; Jonas; Susanna, married Jonas 
Coller. 

(III) Jonathan (2) Pratt, son of Jona- 
than (i) Pratt, was born at Framingham. 
April 21, 1701. He went to Oxford with 
his father, who conveyed to him in 1723 
sixty acres of land. He built the house 
afterward known as the Deacon Stone 



place and at last accounts it was still 
standing and believed to be the oldest 
house in Oxford. He married (first) No- 
vember 18, 1725, Lydia Phillips, daughter 
of Theophilus Phillips, of Watertown. 
She died in May, 1729. He married (sec- 
ond) May 28, 1730, Ruth Eddy, who died 
April I, 1731. He married (third) De- 
cember 15, 1731, Deborah Coolidge, daugh- 
ter of Deacon John Coolidge, of Water- 
town. He died July 25. 1788, and his 
widow, February 9, 1793, aged eighty- 
three years. He was a prominent citizen 
of Oxford, selectman in 1740-41-51-56 and 
held other offices of trust. Children by 
first wife: Keziah, born March 18, 1727; 
Lydia, 1728, died 1729. Child by second 
wife: Ruth, born 1731, died 1746. Chil- 
dren by third wife: Mellison, 1733, died 
1746; Lydia, 1736, died 1746; Huldah, 
March i, 1739, married Isaac Towne ; 
Jonathan, August 15, 1741 ; Elias, men- 
tioned below; Elisha, July 15, 1747; 
Esther, June 6, 1752; Deborah, July 15, 
1754, married Jesse Merriam. 

(IV) Captain Elias Pratt, son of Jona- 
than (2) Pratt, was born in Oxford, No- 
vember 7, 1743, and died March 14, 1816, 
at Oxford. He settled on the Pratt home- 
stead and was selectman of Oxford from 
1785 to 1794. He was a soldier in the 
Revolution. He was in Captain John 
Towne's company on the Lexington 
Alarm, April 19, 1775, and served through- 
out the war. He was commissioned cap- 
tain of the Fifteenth Company, Fifth 
Worcester County Regiment, Colonel 
Jonathan Holman, September 25, 1778, 
and again served as captain from April, 
1779, to July I, 1779. stationed at Rut- 
land. He married, August 6, 1767, Lydia 
Hill, born March 25, 1746, daughter of 
Jonathan Hill, of Billerica. She died 
March 10. 1829. in Sutton. Children: 
Lydia. born April 8, 1768, died July 8, 
1768; Jerusha, September 18, 1769, died 

224 






K^:--;.. 



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W*V> 



j I ^ ^^T^ 




^:^.v .^^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



March 20, 1832, married Thomas Davis ; 
Lydia, September 25, 1771, died June 7, 
1810, married Ambrose Stone ; Ruth, twin 
of Lydia, married William Stone, brother 
of Ambrose Stone ; Elias, mentioned be- 
low ; Elijah, March 4, 1773, twin of Elias, 
died January 2. 1843; Zadock, November 
17, 1775, died February 15, 1813; Jere- 
miah, September 20, 1779, died November 
24, 1865 ; Sylvanus, August 20, 1781, died 
January 31, 1831 ; Sylvester, twin of Syl- 
vanus, died August 20, 1781 ; Amasa, born 
May 7, 1787, died May 27, 1830. 

(V) Captain Elias (2) Pratt, son of 
Captain Elias (i) Pratt, was born in Ox- 
ford, March 4, 1773, and died at Worces- 
ter, September 2, 1854. He settled first 
on the homestead at Oxford, but about 
1810 moved to the adjacent town of Sut- 
ton, where in 1825 he purchased the Hath- 
away place, later known as the Pratt 
house and afterward as the Rufus King 
house. After some years he removed to 
Worcester, where he spent his last years. 
In Oxford he served on the Board of 
Selectmen, 1808-09-17, and was captain 
of the militia. He married, November 
15, 1801, Sally Conant, daughter of Dr. 
Ezra Conant. of Oxford (see Conant VI). 
She died at Worcester, December 4, 1852. 
Children: Sally, born July 4, 1802, died 
in 1804; Ezra, October 6, 1804, died Octo- 
ber 9, 1805 ; Serena. August 14, 1806, died 
October 3, 1901. married Charles King, 
of Anoka, Minnesota ; Sarah, January 
29, 1808, married Joshua O. Lewis, of 
Worcester, died July 4, 1868; Sumner, 
mentioned below; Emeline, December 14, 
1812, died December 8, 1837, married 
Leonard Woodbury, of Sutton ; Amanda, 
August II, 1815, died May 22, 1837. 

(VI) Sumner Pratt, son of Captain 
Elias (2) Pratt, was born at Oxford, Sep- 
tember 30, 1809. on the farm where his 
ancestors lived for three generations, and 
there he lived during his youth. He re- 

MASS-Vol III— 15 225 



ceived his education in the public schools 
of Oxford and Sutton, whither his parents 
went to live in 1817. He worked on a 
farm until he came of age. In 1831 he 
left home and engaged in the manufac- 
ture of loom shuttles at North Grafton 
and Wilkinsonville until 1835 and during 
the eight years following sold loom shut- 
tles and cotton yarn on commission. In 
1843 he came to Worcester, transferring 
the machinery from Woonsocket, Rhode 
Island, to a mill in New Worcester, where 
for two years he manufactured cotton 
thread. In 1845 he sold this business to 
Albert Curtis. In 1845 he established an 
agency for cotton and wool machinery 
and mill supplies in Worcester and under 
the well-known name of Sumner Pratt & 
Company continued in business until he 
retired in 1883. In 185 1 he occupied the 
building at 22 Front street. His business 
increased rapidly and he became one of 
the most prominent and successful dealers 
in his line in New England. He took a 
keen interest in municipal affairs and 
served the city in the Common Council in 
1869-70-71-72 and in the Board of Alder- 
men in 1876-77. He was a member of the 
Board of Trade and at one time its presi- 
dent. He was a trustee of the Worcester 
County Institution for Savings ; director 
of the Worcester Safe Deposit and Trust 
Company (now the Worcester Trust 
Company) ; vice-president of the People's 
Savings Bank. In early life he was a 
Whig, later a Republican in politics. In 
religion he was an Episcopalian and for 
many years was vestryman and warden 
of All Saints' Church. He was highly 
esteemed in the community, of exemplary 
character, the highest ideals, sound judg- 
ment and sterling common sense. In his 
social and domestic life he was beloved 
for his kindliness and attractive personal 
qualities. He died at Worcester, January 
6, 1887. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



He married (first) May 19, 1836, Serena 
Chase, born April 4, 181 5, died at Worces- 
ter, June 19, 1848, daughter of Caleb 
Chase, of Sutton (see Chase XII). He 
married (second) August 5, 1850, at 
Worcester, Abby Curtis Read, born April 
28, 1818, died April 29. 1896, daughter of 
Ebenezer and Sally (Curtis) Read. Chil- 
dren by first wife : Frederick Sumner, 
mentioned below ; Emma Amanda, born 
May 8, 1848, unmarried. Child by second 
wife: Edward Read, born May i, 1851, 
died October 31, 18S0. 

(VII) Frederick Sumner Pratt, son of 
Sumner Pratt, was born in Worcester, 
September 21, 1845. He attended the 
public schools and graduated from the 
Worcester High School in 1862. After 
four years of service in the Worcester 
National Bank, he became associated in 
business with his father and remained a 
member of the firm of Sumner Pratt & 
Company until 1896, when he retired. 
Since then he has devoted much time to 
portrait and landscape painting, in which 
he had some training in early life, and 
many of his works are highly prized by 
their owners. Mr. Pratt is a trustee of 
the Worcester County Institution for 
Savings ; trustee of the Worcester Art 
Museum ; member of various local clubs 
and Salmagundi Club, New York. He is 
senior warden of All Saints' Protestant 
Episcopal Church. In politics he is a 
Republican. 

He married, January 19, 1871, at 
Worcester, Sarah McKean Hilliard, born 
in Boston (Roxbury), December 21, 1841, 
died at Worcester, Decem.ber 27, 1897, 
daughter of Judge Francis and Catharine 
Dexter (Haven) Hilliard (see Hilliard 
and Haven families). Children, born in 
Worcester: i. Francis Hilliard, born No- 
vember 3, 1S71, died November 4, 1871. 
2. Frederick Haven, A. M., M. D., born 
July 19, 1873 ; graduate of Harvard Col- 



lege and the Harvard Medical School ; 
has published papers on scientific and 
educational subjects ; Professor of Physi- 
ology, University of Bufifalo, and mem- 
ber of the American Association for the 
Advancement of Science, and the St. 
Botolph Club, Boston ; he married, June 
12, 1912, Margery Wilerd, daughter of 
George D. and Leora Davis, of West New- 
ton, Massachusetts ; children, born in Buf- 
falo: Frederick Sumner, June 15, 1913; 
Margery, December 4, 1914. 3. Kath- 
erine Chase, born December 29, 1875; 
married, June 2, 1896, Dr. Alfred Lind- 
say Shapleigh, of Boston ; both went to 
China as missionaries in 1896 and again 
in 1904; in February, 1905, Dr. Shapleigh 
and two of their children, Samuel Brooks 
and Stephen, died of smallpox at Ngan- 
kin ; a third son, Frederick Gordon, had 
died in 1900, in Worcester; Mrs. Shap- 
leigh continued her work in China, how- 
ever, and was located at Yang Chow until 
1907, when she returned for a period of 
rest. 4. Robert Gage, mentioned below. 
5. Elizabeth Hilliard, born July 2-j, 1882; 
married, June 23, 1906, Dr. William 
Irving Clark, Jr., of New York City; set- 
tled in Worcester; children: Katherine 
Irving, born January 14, 1908, and Wil- 
liam Irving, born July 3, 1910. 

(VIII) Robert Gage Pratt, son of Fred- 
erick Sumner Pratt, was born at Worces- 
ter, October 17, 1877. He attended the 
public schools of his native city. Fish's 
Private School, the Dalzell School in 
Worcester and entered Harvard College 
in the class of 1900. After three years as 
a Harvard student he left college to en- 
gage in business. He spent a year in the 
office of Earle & Fisher, architects, in 
Worcester. He then entered the employ 
of the Crompton & Knowles Loom 
Works, starting in the weave room and 
mastering the details of the business. For 
two years he was assistant of George F. 



226 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Hutchins in the office of the company. 
In 1907 he established his present busi- 
ness in Worcester, engaging in the manu- 
facture of textile machinery for narrow 
fabrics. The manufacturing of narrow 
fabrics has been growing rapidly in this 
country in late years and Mr. Pratt has 
been highly successful in his business. 
The plant had been enlarged from time 
to time and the business has grown 
steadily. Mr. Pratt is an incorporator of 
the Worcester County Institution for 
Savings ; member of the Chamber of Com- 
merce, the Worcester Club, the Worces- 
ter Agricultural Society, the Tatnuck 
Country Club, the Worcester Tennis 
Club, the Quinsigamond Boat Club, the 
Worcester Harvard Club and All Saints' 
Church. In politics he is a Republican. 
He is interested in music and while a 
student was leader of the Harvard Uni- 
versity Banjo Club. 

He married, July 9, 1906, Edythe Mc- 
Cord Coleman, born May 8, 1880, at 
Toronto, Canada, daughter of Frederic 
G. and Edith (McCord) Coleman, of 
Toronto, Canada. Her Grandfather Mc- 
Cord was for many years treasurer of the 
city of Toronto. They have one child, 
Sarah, born at Worcester, July 19, 1915. 

(The Conant Line). 

The surname Conant has been known 
in England for more than six hundred 
years. It is derived from a Celtic word 
Conan, meaning a chief. 

(I) John Conant, with whom the au- 
thentic history of the family begins, lived 
in the parish of East Budleigh, Devon- 
shire, England, where he was a taxpayer 
in 1571 and church warden in 1577. He 
was buried March 30, 1596. 

(II) Richard Conant, son of John 
Conant, was born in East Budleigh about 
1548. In 1586 he was a taxpayer and in 
1606 church warden. He married, Febru- 



ary 4, 1578, Agnes Clarke, daughter of 
John Clarke, of CoUyton, and Anne 
(Macy) Clarke, daughter of WMlliam 
Macy, of Collyton. Richard Conant and 
his wife were buried September 22, 1630, 
and his will was proved October 13, 1631. 
Children: John, baptized January 20, 
1579-80; Richard, baptized February 21, 
1581-82; Robert; Jane, baptized May 9, 
1584; John, baptized March 18, 1586-87; 
Thomas, baptized April 30, 1587; Christo- 
pher, baptized June 13, 1588; Roger, men- 
tioned below. 

(III) Roger Conant, son of Richard 
Conant, was the American immigrant. 
He was baptized at All Saints', East Bud- 
leigh, April 9, 1592. He came first to 
Plymouth, in New England, but followed 
Rev. John Lyford and others to Nan- 
tasket (Hull), where he made use of Gov- 
ernor's Island, which for a time was 
known as Conant's Island. In 1624-25 he 
was chosen by the Dorchester company 
to govern the colony at Cape Ann, and 
Lyford was chosen minister. After a 
year at Cape Ann, Conant removed with 
the colonists who did not return to Eng- 
land and settled at Salem, where he con- 
tinued as Governor until superseded by 
Endicott. Conant was therefore regarded 
as the first Governor of Massachusetts 
Bay Colony. He was justice of the Quar- 
terly Court at Salem three years ; select- 
man, 1637-41 and 1651-54, 1657-58. In 
1667 he was one of the founders of the 
church at Beverly. He died November 
19, 1679. He married Sarah Horton. Chil- 
dren : Sarah, baptized September 19, 
1619; Caleb, baptized May 2"], 1622, came 
to Massachusetts, but returned to Eng- 
land ; Lot, mentioned below ; Roger, born 
1626; Sarah, 1628; Joshua; Mary; Eliza- 
beth ; Exercise, baptized December 24, 

1637- 

(IV) Lot Conant, son of Roger Conant, 
was born about 1624, at Hull or Cape 



227 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Ann, and settled as early as 1657 at 
Marblehead. He was selectman in 1662 
and a householder in 1674. About 1666 
he removed to Beverly and built a house 
near his father's. He was one of the orig- 
inal members of the Beverly church. He 
died September 29, 1674. He married 
Elizabeth Walton, daughter of Rev. Wil- 
liam Walton. Children : Nathaniel, born 
July 28, 1650 ; John, mentioned below ; 
Lot, February 16, 1657-58; Elizabeth, 
May 13, 1660; Mary, July 14, 1662; Mar- 
tha, August 15, 1664; Sarah, twin, Febru- 
ary 19, 1666-67; William, twin of Sarah; 
Roger, March 10, 1668-69 ! Rebecca, Janu- 
ary 31, 1670-71. 

(V) John Conant, son of Lot Conant, 
was born December 15, 1652, at Beverly, 
and settled there on the homestead of his 
father. He was a farmer and weaver. 
He was in King Philip's War, in Captain 
Samuel Appleton's company in 1675. He 
died September 30, 1724. He married, 
Alay 7, 1678, Bethia Mansfield, daughter 
of Andrew Mansfield. She was born 
April 7, 1658, and died July 2"], 1720. Chil- 
dren : Lot, baptized June i, 1679; Eliza- 
beth, born January 14, 1681-82 ; Bethia, 
1684; John, July 7, 1686; Deborah, Feb- 
ruary 20, 1687-88; Mary, October 20, 
1689; Daniel, November 19, 1694; Re- 
becca, March 29, 1696; Benjamin, men- 
tioned below ; Jemima, November 9, 1701. 

(VI) Benjamin Conant, son of John 
Conant, was born at Beverly, October 22, 
1698. He lived on Dodge street. In 1732 
he was one of the founders of the town 
of Dudley, Massachusetts, and an active 
and leading citizen ; town clerk from 1737 
to 1763; chairman of the selectmen, 1743 
to 1756. In his old age he removed to 
Warwick, Massachusetts, where he died 
September 20, 1767. He married (first) 
(intention, December 4, 1720) Martha 
Davids, who died at Dudley, January 5, 
1745-46. He married (second) Septem- 



ber 17, 1746, Lydia Lamb. Children : 
Lydia, born February 5, 1722; Ezra, men- 
tioned below ; Abigail, baptized March 
12, 1726-27; Benjamin, June 6, 1729, died 
young; Ebenezer, November 2, 1731, died 
young; John, June 6, 1733, died January 
5, 1737; Asa, April 26, 1736, died 1737; 
Martha, January 8, 1738; Benjamin, Oc- 
tober 20, 1740. By second wife: Abijah, 
August 9, 1747; Asa, June 29, 1750; Abi- 
gail, March 4, 1752; Lucy, January 26, 
1754; Jemima, December 20, 1755, died 
1756. 

(VII) Ezra Conant, son of Benjamin 
Conant, was baptized at Beverly, March 
8, 1723-24. He removed to Dudley with 
his parents and later to Warwick, where 
he was town clerk nine years and select- 
man. He died December 7, 1804. He 
married (first) at Dudley, January i, 1745, 
Millicent Newell, born December 19, 
1725, died July, 1769. He married (sec- 
ond) at Warwick (intention, January 16, 
1770) Anna Fiske. Children by first 
wife: Asa, born October 14, 1746; John, 
July 21, 1748; Ezra, mentioned below; 
Amos, January 8, 1753; Millicent, August 
25, 1754; Ebenezer, April 12, 1756; John, 
August 29, 1758; Jemima, October i, 
1760; Stephen, June 19, 1762; Benjamin, 
March 28, 1764. By second wife : Anna, 
May 26, 1771 ; Clark, June 23, 1773. 

(VIII) Dr. Ezra (2) Conant, son of 
Ezra (i) Conant, was born at Dudley, 
April 7, 175 1. He removed to Warwick 
and was town clerk there. He settled 
later at Oxford and died there May 9, 
1789. He married, October 27, 1773, Ruth 
Davis, daughter of Samuel Davis (see 
Davis). She married (second) Joseph 
Healey, of Dudley. Children, born at 
Warwick: Ruth, born January 8, 1775; 
Sally, May 15, 1777, married, November 
15, 1801, Elias Pratt (see Pratt) : Samuel, 
August 29, 1780, drowned August 5, 1805 ; 
Learned, September 24, 1784. 



228 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(The Cbase Line). 

The Chase family is of ancient Eng- 
lish origin. The ancestral seat of the 
branch of the family from which the 
American line is descended was at Ches- 
ham, Buckinghamshire, through which 
runs a rapidly flowing river, the Chess, 
which gives its name to the place. 

(I) Thomas Chase, of Chesham, was 
descended from the ancient family of that 
town. 

(II) John Chase, son of Thomas Chase, 
was also of Chesham. 

(III) Matthew Chase, son of John 
Chase, was of Chesham ; married Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Richard Bould. Chil- 
dren : Richard, married Mary Roberts ; 
Francis ; John ; Matthew ; Thomas, men- 
tioned below; Ralph; William; Bridget. 

(IV) Thomas (2) Chase, son of Mat- 
thew Chase, was of Hundrich, Parish 
Chesham. Children, born at Hundrich : 
John, baptized November 30, 1540; Rich- 
ard, mentioned below; Agnes, baptized 
January 9, 1551 ; William; Christian. 

(V) Richard Chase, son of Thomas (2) 
Chase, was born at Hundrich, England, 
and baptized there, August 3, 1542. He 
married, April 16, 1564, Joan Bishop. 
Children, born at Hundrich : Robert, bap- 
tized September 2, 1565; Henry, August 
10, 1567; Lydia, October 4, 1573; Ezekiel, 
April 2, 1575; Aquila, mentioned below; 
Jason, January 13, 1585; Thomas, July 
18, 1586; Abigail, January 12, 1588; Mor- 
decai, July 31, 1591. 

(VI) Aquila Chase, son of Richard 
Chase, was baptized at Hundrich, Eng- 
land, August 14,1580. Children: Thomas; 
i-\.quila, mentioned below. 

(VII) Aquila (2) Chase, son of Aquila 
(i) Chase, was born in England in 1618, 
and came early to New England. He was 
a mariner and probably sailed under his 
uncle or brother, Thomas Chase, who in 
1626 was part owner of the ship "John 



and Francis." Aquila Chase was of 
Hampton, New Hampshire, as early as 
1640. He removed to Newbury, Massa- 
chusetts, in 1646, when he had four acres 
of land granted him there for a house lot 
and six acres of marsh. He was a ship- 
master. He died December 27, 1670, aged 
fifty-two years. His will was dated Sep- 
tember 19, 1670. He married Anne, 
daughter of John Wheeler, who came 
from Salisbury, England. She died April 
21, 1687. Children: Sarah, married 
Charles Annis ; Anna, born July 6, 1647; 
Priscilla, March 14, 1649; Mary, Febru- 
ary 3, 1651 ; Thomas, July 25, 1654; John, 
November 2, 1655 ; Elizabeth, September 
13. 1657; Ruth, March 18, 1660; Daniel, 
December 9, 1661 ; Moses, mentioned be- 
low. 

(VIII) Moses Chase, son of Aquila (2) 
Chase, was born in Newbury, Massachu- 
setts, December 24, 1663. He married 
(first) November 10, 1684, Ann Follans- 
bee; (second) December 13, 1713, Sarah 
Jacobs. Children : Moses, born Septem- 
ber 20, 1685, died young; Daniel, twin of 
Moses, mentioned below; Moses, January 
20, 1688; Samuel, May 13, 1690; Eliza- 
beth, September 25, 1693 ; Stephen, Au- 
gust 29, 1696; Hannah, September 13, 
1699; Joseph, September 9, 1703; Benoni. 

(IX) Daniel Chase, son of Moses 
Chase, was born at Newbury, September 
20, 1685, and died May 28, 1769. He set- 
tled in Sutton, Worcester county, Massa- 
chusetts, before March 26, 1733, when his 
mill is mentioned in the town records and 
he is said to have built the first grist mill 
at Pleasant Falls. He was usually known 
as Miller Chase. He and his wife were 
admitted to the Sutton church in 1736. 
His homestead was on the present site of 
the plant of the Sutton Manufacturing 
Company. He married Sarah March, who 
died in December, 1771, aged eighty-eight 
years. Children : Samuel, born Septem- 

229 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ber 28, 1707, married Mary Dudley; Dan- 
iel, September 18, 1709; Joshua, Novem- 
ber 9, 171 1 ; Ann, November 13, 1713, 
married David Lilley ; Sarah, April 22, 
1716; Nehemiah, June 27, 1718; Judith, 
September 7, 1720; Caleb, mentioned be- 
low; Moody, September 3, 1723, married 
Elizabeth Hall; Moses, March, 1726, mar- 
ried Hannah Brown. 

(X) Lieutenant Caleb Chase, son of 
Daniel Chase, was born November 29, 
1722, and died October 2, 1808. He mar- 
ried Sarah Prince, who died February 
15, 1803. He was ensign and later lieu- 
tenant of the Sutton company. From 
1767 to 1776 inclusive he was one of the 
selectmen of the town and among the 
leading citizens. Children, born in Sut- 
ton: Phebe, born April 7, 1747; Mary, 
September 2, 1748; Nehemiah, mentioned 
below; David Prince, January 15, 1753; 
Caleb, March 19, 1755; Joseph, March 13, 
1757; Sarah, May i, 1759; John, March 
2, 1761 ; Stephen, April 26, 1763; Moses, 
November i, 1765 ; Daniel, January 9, 
1768; Israel, March 21, 1770; Rachel, 
October 18, 1772, married David Dudley. 

(XI) Corporal Nehemiah Chase, son of 
Lieutenant Caleb Chase, was born at Sut- 
ton, February 8, 1751. died October 5, 
1808. He was a corporal in the Sutton 
company in the Revolution. He married. 
December 17, 1778, Vashti Batcheller. 
Children, born at Sutton : Abner, married 
Sukey Marble : Caleb, mentioned below ; 
Sarah, married Simon Woodbury ; Lavina, 
married Captain Nathaniel Sibley; Abra- 
ham, died October 29. 1857; Nehemiah; 
Vashti. 

(XII) Caleb (2) Chase, son of Corporal 
Nehemiah Chase, was born at Sutton 
about 1780, and died there in 1848. He 
was selectman of Sutton in 1820. He 
married (first) December 27, 1806, Fannie 
Harris; (second) September i, 1840, Mrs. 
Almira H. Grover, sister of first wife. 



Children by first wife : Emily, born Feb- 
ruary 21, 1808, married Nathan Garfield; 
Malinda, September 23, 1810, married 
Hymen Barber ; Amanda, November 27, 
1812, married Silas E. Chase; Serena, 
April 4, 181 5. married Sumner Pratt (see 
Pratt VI) ; Fanny L., July 24, 1817, mar- 
ried Charles H. Town ; Vashti A., No- 
vember 30, 1819, married Leroy Litch- 
field; Achsah A., April 13, 1822; Caleb 
Harris, March 26, 1824 ; Abner Hiram., 
November 25, 1829. 

(The HiUlard Line). 

(I) Emanuel Hilliard, the immigrant 
ancestor, was born in England about 
1620. He settled in Hampton, New 
Hampshire, and, October 10, 1657, re- 
ceived by deed of gift from Rev. Timothy 
Dalton, his loving kinsman, a hundred 
acres of meadow and upland, part of the 
grantor's farm. Emanuel Hilliard was a 
mariner and ten days later he was lost 
at sea, October 20, 1657. He married 
Elizabeth Parkhurst, a niece of Ruth Dal- 
ton. She married (second) Joseph Merry. 
Children of Emanuel Hilliard : Timothy, 
mentioned below ; John, born March 2, 
1651, died August 7, 1652; Benjamin, No- 
vember 2, 1652, killed by Indians, June 
13, 1677; Elizabeth, January 22, 1655. 

(II) Timothy Hilliard, son of Emanuel 
Hilliard, was born in 1646. He lived at 
Hampton, where he married (first) De- 
cember 3, 1673. Apphia Philbrick, daugh- 
ter of James Philbrick ; (second) Septem- 
ber 20, 1712, Mehitable . Children 

by first wife : Elizabeth, born September 
29, 1679; Benjamin, mentioned below; 
Apphia, August 29, 1686, died 1699 ; Mary, 
August 23, 1688; daughter, June 24, 1690. 

(III) Benjamin Hilliard, son of Timo- 
thy Hilliard, was born at Hampton, July 
19, 1681. He married (first) April 20, 
1703, Mehitable Weare, daughter of Na- 
thaniel Weare ; (second) April 3, 1706, 
Elizabeth Chase, daughter of Joseph 



230 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Chase. Children, born at Hampton : Ben- 
jamin, October 14, 1704; Anne, January 
7, 1708; Jonathan, married, February 10, 
1732, Hannah Cooper ; Timothy, born 
August 3, 1713; Rachel, September 23, 
1715 ; Elizabeth, January 12, 1718 ; Joseph, 
mentioned below. 

(IV) Joseph Hilliard (Joseph Chase 
Hilliard). son of Benjamin Hilliard, was 
born at Hampton, August 13, 1720. His 
will was proved February 29, 1796. He 

married Huldah . He settled in 

Kensington, Xew Hampshire, and was 
one of forty-seven inhabitants who signed 
a petition. May 20, 1778, for a grant of 
land. Children: Joseph resided in Kens- 
ington ; Timothy, mentioned below ; and 
other children. 

(V) Rev. Timothy (2) Hilliard, son of 
Joseph Chase Hilliard, was born at Kens- 
ington in 1746. He graduated from Har- 
vard College in 1764 and was a tutor in 
the college, 1768-71 ; chaplain at the Castle 
William in 1768. He was ordained at 
Barnstable, April 10, 1771, but after seven 
years he resigned on account of ill health. 
He became colleague of Rev. Dr. Apple- 
ton in the Cambridge church, October 27, 
1783, succeeded him and was pastor until 
his death, a period of seven years. Presi- 
dent Williams, of Harvard, said : "There 
was no minister among us of his standing 
who perhaps had a fairer prospect of be- 
coming extensively useful to the churches 
of Christ in this Commonwealth."' The 
"History of Barnstable" (Swift) says: 
"No pastor of the Barnstable church ever 
was more beloved or respected by his 
people." He died May 9, 1790, aged 
forty-three years. He married Mary Fos- 
ter, daughter of Thomas Foster, of Bos- 
ton. Children, born at Barnstable : Mary, 
baptized October 16, 1772; Joseph, June 
26, 1774, minister of Berwick, Maine; 
Timothy, July 21, 1776, rector of the 
Protestant Episcopal church. Portland ; 



William, mentioned below ; Charles, Feb- 
ruary 10, 1780. At Cambridge: Francis, 
baptized December 26, 1784, e.lder of the 
church at Cambridge, died April 2, 1836. 

(VI) William Hilliard, son of Rev. 
Timothy Hilliard, was born at Barn- 
stable, July 12, 1778. He was a promi- 
nent publisher, founder of the firm of 
Hilliard & Gray (now Little, Brown & 
Company). He was deacon of the First 
Church of Cambridge from April 5, 1804, 
to April 27, 1836. He married (intention 
dated October 30, 1802) Sarah Lovering 
Hilliard, his cousin. Children, born at 
Cambridge: William, born October 15, 
1803; Francis Sales, baptized January 27, 
1805 ; Francis, mentioned below ; Sarah 
Ann, September 13, 1808; Elizabeth, Oc- 
tober 22, 1810; Joseph Foster, May 13, 
1814; James Winthrop, March 28, 1816; 
Edward Augustus, September 19, 1821. 

(VII) Francis Hilliard, son of Wil- 
liam Hilliard, was born at Cambridge, No- 
vember I, 1806, died at Worcester, Octo- 
ber 9, 1878. He graduated from Harvard 
College in 1823; was admitted to the bar 
and practiced law for many years. He was 
judge of the Roxbury police court and 
commissioner of insolvency of Norfolk 
county. He represented his town in the 
General Court. His later years were de- 
voted largely to the writing of legal 
works, and from 1837 to 1866 he pub- 
lished a succession of notable law books. 
Among them were: "Digest of Picker- 
ing's Reports" (vii-xiv) ; "Law of Sales 
of Personal Property ;" "American Law 
of Real Property ;" "American Jurispru- 
dence ;" "Law of Mortgage of Real and 
Personal Property;'' "Treatise on the 
Law of Vendor and Purchaser of Real 
Property ;" "Treatise on Torts ;" "The 
Law of Injunctions ;" "Law of New Trials 
and Other Rehearings.'' 

He married, July 26, 1831, Catharine 
Dexter Haven, born January 4, 1802, at 



231 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Dedham, died March lo, 1888, at Morris- 
town, New Jersey, daughter of Hon. Sam- 
uel and Elizabeth Craigie (Foster) Haven 
(see Haven). Children: i. Rev. Francis 
William, born July 18, 1832, died at Mem- 
phis, Tennessee, July 24, 1910; married 
Marie Nash Johnston, May 12, 1857 ; lived 
at Edenton and Oxford, North Carolina ; 
had ten children. 2. Elizabeth Craigie 
Haven, born October 2, 1833, died un- 
married. 3. Catharine Lydia, born May 
17, 183s; married, April, 1859, Frederick 
G. Burnham, of Morristown, New Jersey. 
4. Samuel Haven, born December 13, 
1838, at Cambridge; married, May 19, 
1870, Alice Anne Johnstone, of London, 
England; graduated from Harvard, 1859, 
the General Theological Seminary, 1863 ; 
had many important pastorates and was 
secretary of the New England depart- 
ment of the Church Temperance Society 
from 1886 to 1916. 5. Sarah McKean. 
born December 21, 1841, at Roxbury, died 
December 27, 1897, at Worcester; mar- 
ried Frederick Sumner Pratt (see Pratt). 

(The Haven Line). 

(I) Sergeant Richard Haven, the immi- 
grant ancestor, was born in England and 
came in 1645 to Lynn, Massachusetts. 
His farm was near Flax Pond. He was 
a member of the church and in 1692 was 
one of those honored with seats in the 
pulpit. He married Susanna Newhall, 
daughter of Thomas Newhall, progenitor 
of the Newhalls of Essex county. Ser- 
geant Haven stated in 1691 in a deposi- 
tion that his age was seventy-four years. 
His wife died February 7, 1682. His will 
was dated May 21, 1701. Children, born 
at Lynn : Hannah, born February 22, 
1645; Mary, March 12, 1647; Joseph, 
February 22, 1649: Richard, May 25, 
1651 ; Susanna, April 24, 1653; Sarah, 
June 4. 1655; John. December 10, 1656; 
Martha, February 16, 1658; Samuel, May, 
1660; Jonathan, January 18, 1662; Na- 



thaniel, June 30, 1664; Moses, mentioned 
below. 

(II) Deacon Moses Haven, son of Ser- 
geant Richard Haven, was born at Lynn, 
May 20, 1667. He removed to Framing- 
ham in 1705, where he held many offices 
of trust. He married (first) Mary Bal- 
lard, of Lynn, (second) May 27, 1735, 
Elizabeth Bridges, of Framingham, who 
died November i, 1747, aged eighty years. 
Children, born in Lynn : Joseph, born 
February 8, 1689 ; Susanna, October 20, 
1690; Richard, January 28, 1693; Moses, 
mentioned below; Mary, October i, 1698; 
Mehitable, January 30, 1702. Born at 
Framingham: Sarah, June 10, 1705; 
Daniel, June 16, 1708. 

(III) Moses (2) Haven, son of Deacon 
Moses (i) Haven, was born at Lynn, No- 
vember II, 1695; removed to Framing- 
ham with his parents and died there. He 
married (first) November 9, 1721, Han- 
nah W'alker, who died February 22, 1749. 
His second wife, Anna, died February 12, 
1778. Children by first wife, born at 
Framingham: Abigail, born January 31, 
1724; Isaac. April 15, 1726; Hannah, 
May 20, 1728; David, May 28, 1731 ; 
Jason, mentioned below; .Abigail. June 

9. 1739- 

(IV) Rev. Jason Haven, son of Moses 
(2) Haven, was born at Framingham, 
March 2, 1733; died May 17, 1803. He 
graduated from Harvard College in 1754 
and was ordained minister of the First 
Church of Dedham, February 5, 1756. 
He had a long and useful pastorate. He 
married, October 12, 1756, Catherine Dex- 
ter, daughter of Rev. Samuel Dexter, his 
predecessor. She died August 30, 1814. 
Children : William, born November 23, 
1759; Jason, January 29. 1763; Catharine, 
October 8, 1769; Samuel, mentioned be- 
low; Catherine, August 28, 1774, mar- 
ried Rev. Stephen Palmer. 

(V) Samuel Haven, son of Rev. Jason 



232 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Haven, was born at Dedham, April ■;. 
1771 ; died at Roxbury, September 4, 
1847. He graduated from Harvard in 
1789. He was a man of talent and influ- 
ence. He was judge of the Court of 
Common Pleas and for forty years reg- 
ister of probate of Norfolk county. He 
married at Dedham. March 6, 1799, Eliza- 
beth Foster, daughter of Bossenger Fos- 
ter (see Foster). Children: i. Eliza- 
beth Craigie, born January 26, 1800, died 
February 10. 1826. 2. Catherine Dexter, 
born January 4, 1802, married Francis 
Hilliard (see Hilliard). 3. Samuel Fos- 
ter, born May 28, 1806, at Dedham, gradu- 
ated from Harvard in 1826: admitted to 
the Middlesex bar and practiced at Low- 
ell ; was appointed librarian of the Ameri- 
can Antiquarian Society, Worcester. Sep- 
tember 23, 1837, and held the position to 
the time of death, September 5, 1881 ; re- 
ceived the degree of Doctor of Laws from 
Amherst and Master of Arts from Har- 
vard ; author of "The Archeology of the 
United States" and other books; a very 
scholarly man and a member of many 
scientific and historical societies; mar- 
ried (first) May 10, 1830, Lydia Gibbs 
Sears, who died March 10, 1836; married 
(second) December 3, 1872. Frances W. 
Allen, who died August 2, 1908. Child: 
Samuel F. Haven. Jr., M. D., born May 
20, 1831, died December 3, 1862. at Fred- 
ericksburg, Virginia ; Harvard graduate ; 
studied at London, Paris. Vienna and 
Berlin and settled in Worcester; he was 
assistant surgeon of the Fifteenth Mas- 
sachusetts Volunteer Infantry and was 
killed by a shell while performing an 
operation on the field. 

(The Davis Line). 

(I) William Davis, the immigrant an- 
cestor, was born in Wales or England, 
1617. The coat-of-arms used by his son, 
David, in sealing his will is the same as 
that of the Davis family of Carmarthen, 



South Wales, and in 1623 a William 
Davis was living there. William Davis 
settled in Roxbury, Massachusetts, in 
1635; was admitted a freeman in 1673. 
His wife. Elizabeth, was admitted to the 
church, October 7, 1649, and their three 
children baptized. She was buried May 
4, 1658. He married (second) October 
21, 1658, Alice Thorp, who died soon. 
She joined the church, June 4. 1663. He 

married (third) Jane , who joined 

the church, June 8, 1673, and died May 
12, 1714, at Watertown. He died Decem- 
ber 9, 1683, at Roxbury. Children by 
first wife: John, mentioned below; 
Samuel, born February 21, 1645; Joseph, 
October 12, 1649. By second wife: Wil- 
liam, baptized June 14. 1663; Elizabeth, 
baptized June 14, 1663; Matthew, bap- 
tized January 24, 1664; Jonathan, Febru- 
ary 2, 1665. By third wife: Mary, March 
28, 1669; Jane, December 21, 1670; Ra- 
chel, August 26, 1672; Benjamin, May 
31, 1674; Ichabod, 1676; Ebenezer, bap- 
tized April 9, 1678; William, 1680; Sarah, 
baptized July 20, 1681 ; Isaac, baptized 
April 18, 1683. 

(II) John Davis, son of William Davis, 
was born October i, 1643. at Roxbury, 
died March 16, 1705. He married, Febru- 
ary 5. 1767, Mary Devotion, daughter of 
Edward Devotion. She joined the church. 
October 29, 1671, and died February 15, 
1683. Children, born at Roxbury : John, 
born January 11, 1670; William, August 
II, 1673; Mary, April 6, 1676; Elizabeth, 
April 18, 1678; Samuel, mentioned below. 
(HI) Samuel Davis, son of John Davis, 
was born at Roxbury, June 23, 1681. He 
had land at Oxford in 1720 and removed 
thither in 1728-29. He was moderator of 
most of the town meetings ; elected dea- 
con in 1735; was deputy to the General 
Court in 1742 and 1747- He gave his land 
to his children during his life. He mar- 
ried (first) June 23, 1709. at Roxbury, 

233 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Mary, daughter of Jacob and Mary 
(Child) Chamberlain. She was born Au- 
gust I, 1687, died February 11, 1730. 
Mary Child was daughter of Benjamin 
and Mary Child, born October 28, 1660. 
He married (second) at Roxbury, Octo- 
ber 13, 1 73 1, Mary Weld, born April 10, 
1695, daughter of Thomas and Sarah 
(Faxon) Weld. She died at Oxford, -Au- 
gust 9, 1786. Her mother was a daughter 
of Thomas and Deborah (Thayer) Faxon. 
He died at Oxford, April 8, 1760. Chil- 
dren by first wife: Samuel, born Febru- 
"iry 13, 171 1 ; Thomas, September 13, 
1712, died young; Edward, January 23, 
1714; Thomas, November 4, 1715; Mary, 
July 8, 1717; Daniel, February i, 1719; 
Jacob, October 15, 1720: Elisha, Febru- 
ary 16, 1722; John, July 5, 1723; Eliza- 
beth, January 16, 1725 ; Hannah, May 26, 
1726; Sarah, March 11, 1728. By second 
wife: John, November 30, 1732; Sarah, 
December 31, 1734; Rebecca, January 10, 
1737; Nathaniel, November 7, 1738. 

(IV) Captain Samuel (2) Davis, son of 
Samuel (i) Davis, was born at Ro.xbury, 
February 13, 171 1, and died at Oxford in 
1784. His father gave him one hundred 
and eighty-nine acres in the eastern part 
of Oxford in 1738. He was captain of an 
Oxford company in the French and In- 
dian War and served at Forts Edward 
and William Henry. He was constable, 
1740-60; selectman, four years, and was 
on the committee to build the church of 
which his father was chairman. He mar- 
ried. April 15, 1735. Ruth Learned, born 
April 5. 1717, died April 26. 1767. daugh- 
ter of Ebenezer and Deborah Learned. 
Children, born at Oxford: Deborah, born 
October 12, 1736; Ruth, September 16, 
1738, died 1741 ; Samuel, September 16, 
1741 ; Asa, November 27, 1743; Samuel, 
April I, 1746; Ruth, August 2, 1748; 
Elijah, October 8, 1750; Ruth, November 
23, 1752, married Dr. Ezra Conant (see 
Conant) ; Learned, November 7, 1755. 



(The Foster Une). 

(I) Timothy Foster was born, it is be- 
lieved, in Devonshire, England. He mar- 
ried (first) in England, and his wife died 
there. He married (second) in England, 
Mrs. Eglin (Hatherly) Hanford. She 
married (third) in this country. Deacon 
Richard Sealis, who died at Scituate, 
Massachusetts, in 1656. Eglin Hatherly 
was a sister of the honored Timothy 
Hatherly, who arrived at Plymouth in 
the ship "Ann" in 1623. After the death 
of Timothy Foster, his wido\Y came in 
the ship "Planter" with her three chil- 
dren : Eglin, Lettice and Rev. Thomas 
Hanford. Deacon Sealis, her third hus- 
band, went to Scituate in 1634. Child 
of Timothy Foster by first wife, born in 
England : 

(II) Edward Foster, son of Timothy 
Foster, was born in County Kent, Eng- 
land, and came to this country probably 
in the ship ".Ann" with Timothy Hath- 
erly, his uncle. He settled on Kent 
street, Scituate, near Satuit brook in 1633 
and was taxed the same year. He was a 
lawyer and practiced in England before 
emigrating, but in the colony he followed 
farming. He had sixty acres on the 
North river near Humphrey Turner's 
at King's Landing. He was one of the 
founders of the church, January 8, 1635 ; 
deputy to the General Court. 1639-40, and 
constantly active in public life. He was 
government assistant in 1637. His will 
was dated November 24, 1643, bequeath- 
ing property to wife Lettice, and son 
Timothy, and an infant unborn. He mar- 
ried at Mr. Cudworth's house, April 8, 
1635, Lettice Hanford, daughter of his 
stepmother. The famous Myles Standish 
officiated at the wedding. The inventory 
of his estate was taken by Timothy Hath- 
erly and Deacon Sealis and they with 
Edward Edenden were trustees of the 
estate. Children, born at Scituate: Timo- 
thy, baptized March 7, 1636, buried De- 



234 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



cember 5, 1637; Timothy, baptized April 
22, 1638, died young ; Timothy, mentioned 
below ; Elizabeth, born 1644. 

(III) Sergeant Timothy (2) Foster, son 
of Edward Foster, was born in Scituate 
in 1640. He sold part of his house lot in 
Scituate in 1662 to Edward Jenkins and 
went to live in Dorchester, but later re- 
turned to his farm on North river. He 
married (first) October 13, 1663, Mrs. 
Ruth (Tileston) Denton. Her father was 
a freeman in 1636 and an enterprising, 
useful citizen. She died December 5, 
1677, and Sergeant Foster married (sec- 
ond) March 9, 1679, Mrs. Relief (Hol- 
land) Dowse, who had married (first) 
October 31, 1672. John Dowse, by whom 
she had four children. Her third hus- 
band was Henry Leadbetter. She died 
July 7, 1743. Sergeant Foster died De- 
cember 16, 1688. His will was dated De- 
cember 15 1688, proved February 11, fol- 
lowing. Children by first wife: Ruth, 
born at Scituate. September 4, 1664; 
Elizabeth, October 8, 1667; Naomi, Feb- 
ruary II, 1668; Hatherly, September 22, 
1671 ; Rebecca, September 12, 1675. By 
second wife : Timothy, January 8, 1681 ; 
Edward, January 22, 1682; Thomas, 
mentioned below; Elizabeth, October 13, 
1688; Prudence, December 3, 1694. 

(IV) Thomas Foster, son of Sergeant 
Timothy (2) Foster, was born at Dor- 
chester, November 3, 1686. He married 
(first) June i, 1711, Ann Bossenger. She 
died and he married (second) (intention 
dated July 14, 1748) Zibiah (Sumner) 
Neal, who died in 1782. He was a mer- 
chant. He died in 1752 and his widow 
was appointed administratrix and son 
Thomas administrator. The estate was 
distributed by order of the court, January 
I, 1754. Children, born in Boston: Thom- 
as, mentioned below ; Mary, October 26, 
1715. died young; Edward, November 
16. 1717; Bossenger, January 21, 1719, 



died young; Ann, December 19, 1720, 
died young; Timothy, February i, 1722, 
died young; Ann, April 29 1724; Timo- 
thy, November 8, 1725, died young; 
Joshua, February 16, 1727, died young; 
William, May 9, 1730, died young; Pru- 
dence, June 28, 1731, died young; Eliza- 
beth, October i, 1732. 

(V) Thomas (2) Foster, son of Thom- 
as (i) Foster, was born at Boston, July 
15' 1713- He married (first) at Boston, 
July 14, 1737, Abigail Howell, daughter 
of Henry Howell, of Boston. He married 
(second) January 8, 1740, Sarah Banks, 
daughter of John Banks. Child of first 
wife, born in Boston : Thomas, born July 
4, 1738. By second wife: John, Novem- 
ber 28, 1740; Bossenger, mentioned be- 
low; Joseph, 1745; William, September 
28, 1746; Timothy, 1754; Sarah; Mary, 
married Rev. Timothy Hilliard ; Hannah; 
Elizabeth. 

(VI) Bossenger Foster, son of Thomas 
(2) Foster, was born at Boston, June 3, 
1742. He married (first) (intention dated 
November 6, 1766) Elizabeth Craigie ; 
(second) (intention, February 26, 1779) 
Mary Craigie. He resided on what is 
known as the Batchelder estate on the 
south side of Brattle street, opposite the 
Longfellow mansion. His wife, Mary, 
was appointed administratrix. May 14, 
1805. His brother-in-law, Andrew Craigie, 
owned and occupied what is now known 
as the Longfellow mansion, built by Colo- 
nel Henry Vassall and the children of 
Bossenger Foster were his heirs. The 
Vassall or Craigie homestead fell to the 
daughter, Elizabeth Haven, and was sold, 
December, 1841, to Samuel Batchelder. 
(See Gen. Reg. July, 1891. Also Gen. 
Reg., Vol. XVII, p. 114, for an account of 
the home of Bossenger Foster.) Mr. 
Foster died April 23, 1805. Children, 
born at Cambridge : Bossenger, born De- 
cember 9, 1767; Elizabeth, January 23, 



235 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1770, married Hon. Samuel Haven (see 
Haven); Andrew, September 7, 1780; 
John, July 4, 1782 ; Thomas, November 
9, 1784; James, April 23, 1786; George, 
May 6, 1790; Mary Craigie, December 3, 
1795- 



WASHBURN, John E., 

Head of Important Industry. 

The surname Washburn is identical 
with Washborn, Washburne and Wash- 
bourne, the name being derived from the 
name of two small villages. Little Wash- 
bourne or Knight's Washbourne in Over- 
bury in southern Worcestershire, and 
Great Washbourne, in the same locality 
in Gloucestershire. The word itself is 
from two Saxon words, meaning a swift- 
flowing brook. The authentic history of 
the family begins before the adoption of 
the surname. "Washbourne's Book of 
Family Crests" states that the founder of 
the family was of Norman ancestry ; was 
knighted on the field of battle at the time 
of the Conquest ; was endowed by Wil- 
liam the Conqueror with the lands and 
manors of Little and Great Washbourne, 
counties of Gloucester and Worcester. 
That statement is not authenticated, but 
practically all the knights and nobles of 
the time in which the known family be- 
gins had a similar origin. As early as 
the reign of Henry II, we know that Wil- 
liam, son of Sampson, was Lord of Little 
Washbourne. The armorial bearings of 
the family indicate descent from the 
houses of Zouche and Corbett. 

The coat-of-arms is described : Argent 
on a fesse between six martlets gules, 
three quatrefoils slipped bendways of the 
first. Later the family at Worcestershire 
modified this armorial slightly, viz. : 
Argent on a fesse between six martlets 
gules three cinquefoils of the field. Crest: 
A coil of flax surmounted with a wreath 



argent and gules thereon flames of fire 
proper. 

(I) Sir Roger de Washburn, the first 
in the authenticated line, was living at 
the time surnames came into general use 
in England. He is mentioned in an in- 
quisition in 1259 concerning William de 
Stutevil, and in the Lay Subsidy Roll of 
1280 he is described as of Little Com- 
berton and of Washbourne, as well as of 
Stanford, a town twenty-five miles from 
Washbourne. His wife was Joan. His 
son and heir was Sir John, mentioned be- 
low. 

(II) Sir Roger de Washborne, son of 

Sir John, married Margaret , as 

early as 1316. He had the property of 
Washbourne and Stanford, and his name 
is on the rolls of both places in 1327 ; also 
in the roll of 1332-33 under Stanford ; and 
in the Nonarum Inquisitiones in 1340. he 
joins in the declaration as to the church 
at Overbury (Little Washbourne). He 
was the patron of the living at Stanford, 
and appointed three incumbents to the 
church — Thomas de Washborne, May 30, 
1349: John Arches, July 16, 1349; and 
William de Edynghull, July 2, 1353. His 
mother, Isabella de "Wasseborne." apn 
pointed Petrus de Wasseborn, September, 
1 3 16, to the same living. Sir Roger died 
after 1358. He had two sons named John. 

(III) John Washburn, the younger son 
of Roger, succeeded to the estates as heir 
of his elder brother of the same name. 
This custom of giving the same name to 
two sons in the same family was not un- 
common down to the seventeenth cen- 
tury. He married Isabelle . His 

son, Peter, is mentioned below. 

(IV) Peter Washborn, son of John, 
married, in 1355, Isolde Hanley, daughter 
of Haley William, according to both Col- 
lege of Arms pedigrees, but other good 
authority gives the name of her father as 



236 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



John Hanley. They had sons : John, men- 
tioned below, and William. 

(V) John Washborn, son of Peter, 
married (first) Jane Musard, daughter 
of Sir John and Katherine (Thromwin) 
(Washborn) Musard. Her mother was 
the widow of John, the elder son of Sir 
Roger (II). He married (second) Mar- 
ger Poher (Powre), of Winchenford. 
John Washborn held various offices of 
trust and honor ; was on the commission 
of the peace for Worcestershire in 1404- 
05 ; vice-comes described as of Wash- 
borne in Overbury ; knight of the shire 
in 1404; escheator. His tomb is the 
oldest of the four which were formerly in 
the chancel of the church at Winchen- 
ford, and is described by Thomas Habing- 
don, who died in 1633: "In the northe of 
the Chauncell is an auncient Tombe of 
Alabaster on the ground. A man all 
armed savinge his heade, vnder which 
lyethe hys helmet with a wreathe, and 
thereon a flame of fyre within a band, 
mantled and doubled, at hys feete a Ly. 
On his ryght hand his wyfe with a Ittell 
dog at her feete. Between them Wash- 
born armes impalinge a cheueron." Chil- 
dren : Isolde, married John Salwey, and 
had the estate at Stanford ; Norman, men- 
tioned below ; John ; Elynor. 

(VI) Norman Washborne, son of 
John, was involved in litigation with 
Humphrey Salwey, his nephew. Salwey 
claimed Little Washborn, and Norman 
claimed Stanford. The controversy was 
finally referred to George, Duke of Clar- 
ence ("the false, fleeting, perjured Clar- 
ence" of Shakespeare), and his award as- 
signing Stanford to Salwey and Little 
Washbourne, subject to a payment, to 
John Washbourne, son of Norman, was 
accepted and ratified by deeds dated 
October 2, 19th Edward IV. John Wash- 
bourne also had the Wichenford property 
that came to him through his grand- 



mother, heiress of the Pohers, and for ten 
generations Wichenford was the home of 
the Washburns. 

Norman Washborne married Elizabeth 
Knivton, who died probably in 1454. He 
died before 1479. He confirmed his prop- 
erty by deed in the eleventh year of 
Henry VI ; was vice-comes of Worcester- 
shire in 17th Henry VI. Children: John, 
mentioned below; Eleanor, married Sir 
Richard Scrope, and (second) Sir John 
Wyndham ; Anne, married Thomas 
Gower; daughter, married John Vam- 
page ; Elizabeth, married Nicholas Foly- 
otte ; daughter, married John Hugford; 
Thomas. 

(VII) John Washbourne, son and heir 
of Norman, was born as early as 1454 and 
died in 1517. His name appears on the 
list of commissioners appointed under 
acts for raising subsidies of the years 
1486-87, 1513-14 and 1514-15. He mar- 
ried (first) Joan Mitton, daughter of Wil- 
liam Mitton, Lord of W^eston, Stafford- 
shire. Her ancestry is recorded in the 
\^isitation of Shropshire, 1623. He mar- 
ried (second) Elizabeth Monington, of 
Butters, Herefordshire. His will was 
dated May 3, 15 17, and he died May 6, 
1517. He was buried in the Wichenford 
church, and the inscription has been pre- 
served, though the monument has dis- 
appeared. In 1640 his tomb was in the 
chancel opposite that of his grandfather. 
Children by first wife : Robert, married 
Eleanor Staples, and has descendants 
living in England ; John, mentioned be- 
low ; W'alter ; Francis. By second wife : 
Anthony, married Anne Leyland, died 
1570; Richard. 

(VIII) John Washbourne, son of John, 
settled at Bengeworth, a few miles from 
Little Washbourne. probably at the time 
of his father's death in 1517. His wife's 
name was Emme. His will, dated De- 
cember 27, 1546, bequeathed to two sons 



237 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and daughters and to grandchildren. The 
will of Emme, his wife, dated May i, 
1547, left bequests to children, grandchil- 
dren and various friends. He was buried 
January 8, 1548; his wife May 13, 1547. 
Children: John, mentioned below; Wil- 
liam, married Margaret Harwood ; Kather- 
ine, married Daniel Hyde; Alice, married 
Robert Marten. 

(IX) John Washbourne, son of John, 
also lived at Bengeworth. He married 
(first) April 21, 1542, Joan Busnell, who 
was buried April 4, 1557. He married 
(second) May 8, 1561, Jone Whithead, 
who was buried April 23, 1567. The 
three 3'ounger children were by a third 
wife. He died intestate in 1593, and was 
buried October 13. The parish register 
of Bengeworth begins with the year 
1538. Children, born at Bengeworth: 
Margaret, baptized June 12, 1542; Jo- 
hanne, baptized October 5, 1544; Agnes, 
baptized August 6, 1547; John, men- 
tioned below ; William, born August, 
1556; Radegonne, a daughter, baptized 
February 21, 1579; Daniel, baptized June 
17, 1582; Mary, baptized December 7, 
1584- 

(X) John Washbourne, son of John, 
was born about 1555. A son was bap- 
tized to his parents, name not given in 
the record, August i, 1556. He was one 
of the twelve principal burgesses men- 
tioned in the charter granted by King 
James to Evesham and Bengeworth in 
1605, constituting them a borough. He 
married, July 6, 1596, Martha Stevens, 
who died in 1625-26. Her will was dated 
September 29, 1625, and proved May 9, 
1626. His will was dated August 4, 1624. 
His inventory was dated December 11, 
1624. He was then old and, as stated in 
his will, unable to sign his name on 
account of blindness. Children: John, 
mentioned below ; Jane, baptized Decem- 
ber 2, 1599 married Isaac Averill ; Wil- 



liam, baptized November 9, 1601 ; Jone, 
baptized April 11, 1604. 

(XI) John Washburn, son of John, 
was baptized in Bengeworth, England, 
July 2, 1597, and was the founder of the 
American family. He was church warden 
at Bengeworth in 1625; settled in Dux- 
bury, Massachusetts, in 1632. Two sons, 
Philip and John, and his wife, came with 
him. In 1632 he had a case in court 
against Edward Doty; he was a taxpayer 
in 1633. In 1634 he bought of Edward 
Bompasse a place beyond the creek, 
called Eagle's Nest. He and his sons 
were on the list of those able to bear arms 
in 1643. He and his son John were 
among the fifty-four original proprietors 
of Bridgewater in 1645. He died at 
Bridgewater in 1670. He married Mar- 
gery Moore, who was baptized in 1588. 
Children: Mary, baptized 1619; John, 
mentioned below; Philip, baptized and 
buried in June, 1622, at Bengeworth; 
Philip. 

(XII) John Washburn, son of John, 
was baptized at Bengeworth, England, in 
1620, and came to New England with his 
father. In 1645 he married Elizabeth 
Mitchell, as shown by a letter written by 
her nephew, Thomas Mitchell, to his 
uncle. Experience, dated at Amsterdam, 
July 24, 1662 ; the letter is preserved. 
She was a daughter of Ephraim and Jane 
(Cook) Mitchell, and granddaughter of 
Francis Cook, who came to Plymouth in 
the "Mayflower." John Washburn sold 
his house at Green's Harbor in Duxbury 
in 1670. His will was made in 1686. 
Children : John ; Joseph, mentioned be- 
low ; Samuel, born 1651; Jonathan; Ben- 
jamin; Mary, 1661 ; Elizabeth; Jane; 
James, 1672; Sarah. 

(XIII) Joseph Washburn, son of John, 
was born at Bridgewater, about 1650; 
married Hannah Latham, daughter of 
Robert. Their sons settled in Kingston 



238 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and Plympton. As early as 1728, Joseph, 
Miles, Edward, Ephraim and Ebenezer 
lived in this section, and Deacon John 
and Ichabod about the same time. Chil- 
dren : Joseph, mentioned below ; Jona- 
than, Ebenezer, Miles, Ephraim, Edward, 
Benjamin and Hannah, who married 
Zechariah Whitmarsh. 

(XIV j Joseph Washburn, son of Joseph, 
was born about 1690. He married Hannah 
Johnson, born at Hingham, January 17, 
1694, daughter of Isaac and Abigail John- 
son, of Hingham, granddaughter of Hum- 
phrey Johnson, great-granddaughter of 
John Johnson, one of the pioneers of 
Hingham, Massachusetts. She died in 
1780. He died in 1759. They removed 
to Middletown, Connecticut, but settled 
before 1745 in Leicester. He was a black- 
smith by trade. His house was on the 
right side of the road to the William Sil- 
vester place, a quarter of a mile from the 
Great Road. His brother. Deacon John, 
of Kingston, was the ancestor of Ichabod 
and Charles Washburn, of Worcester, 
wire manufacturers. Chilaren : Colonel 
Seth, born 1724, a famous citizen of Lei- 
cester during the Revolution ; Elijah, 
mentioned below; Ebenezer, born 1734; 
Abiah, married Jacob Wicker ; Sarah, 
married Jacob Cerley ; Mary, married 
Clough. 

(XV) Elijah Washburn, son of Joseph, 
was born in Bridgewater in 1714. He 
settled in Leicester. In 1760 he bought 
a farm of Sarah Rumnamah, an Indian, 
of Natick, and settled in that town. He 
married. December 22, 1746, at Leicester, 
Hannah Taylor. Children : Joseph, born 
1754, married Sarah Gay; Elijah, men- 
tioned below ; Sarah. 

(XVI) Elijah Washburn, son of Eli- 
jah, was born at Leicester, October 8, 
1758, and died June 7, 1836. He was a 
soldier in the Revolution, in Captain 
Ezekiel Knowlton's company. Colonel 



Nicholas Dike's regiment, December, 
1776, to February, 1777; also in Captain 
Leviston's company. Colonel Denny's 
regiment, for nine months, mustered in 
June 25, 1779 (pp. 653, 662, Mass. Soldiers 
and Sailors in the Revolution, vol. xvi). 
He lived in Leicester until 1786, then re- 
moved to Hancock, New Hampshire, 
where he lived to the end of his days. 
He was a blacksmith. He married, in 
1781, Elizabeth Watson, born May 20, 
1762, at Leicester, daughter of John and 
Mary Watson, grandson of Matthew 
Watson, the first of the family in this 
country. John Watson was born in the 
north of Ireland in 1761, died 1795; his 
wife, Mary, died in 1795, aged seventy 
years. Children, born at Leicester: i. 
John, mentioned below. 2. James, born 
March 13, 1784, died at Richmond, Michi- 
gan, August 4, 1837. 3. William, Decem- 
ber 24, 1785, died at Enfield, New Hamp- 
shire, August 12, 1865. Born at Han- 
cock: 4. Samuel, January 8, 1788, died 
at New Haven, Vermont, June 29, 1843. 
5. Asa, May 5, 1790, died October 2, 1824, 
father of Hon. William B. Washburn, 
Governor, United States Senator, Green- 
field, Massachusetts. 6. Betsey, March 
2, 1792; died Leroy, Missouri, August 12, 
1872. 7. Elijah, July 27, 1794; father 
of Charles W. Washburn, of Worcester, 
now living with his son, Frederic B. 
Washburn, treasurer of the Worcester 
Five Cents Savings Bank. 8. Watson, 
June 16, 1796, died March 3, 1884. 9. 
Hannah, May 13, 1799, married Samuel 
Hills. 10. Lydia, November 28, 1801, 
married Silas Barber. 11. Mary, October 
21, 1804, married Reuben Hills. 12. Me- 
linda, November 4, 1808, died at Peter- 
borough, Februarj' 19, 1894. 

(XVII) John Washburn, son of Eli- 
jah Washburn, was born at Leicester, 
March 25, 1782, and died at Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania, December 16, 1857. He 



239 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



was a blacksmith by trade. He settled 
in Lempster, New Hampshire, but re- 
moved later to Hancock. He married, 
May 12, 1806, Millicent Stone, who died 
May 2, 1849, daughter of Josiah Stone. 
Children, born at Lempster: Elvira, born 
January 31, 1807, died December 9, 1821 ; 
Arvilla, married Moses Wood ; Permelia, 
January 28, 1810; Adaline Matilda, Sep- 
tember 13, 1812, married Isaac Whittier, 
removed to Pittsburgh. Born at Han- 
cock: John Earle, mentioned below; 
Hannah Jacobs, March 19, 1819, married 
Curtis Benjamin Miner Smith, of Pitts- 
burgh ; Mary Elvira, March 18, 1823, died 
May 25, 1839; Albert Cornelius, August 
14, 1830, married Mary T. Wilkins. 

(XVIII) John Earle Washburn, son of 
John, was born at Hancock, April 8, 1815. 
He attended the public schools of his na- 
tive town and learned the trade of steam 
fitter in Manchester, New Hampshire. 
He started in business as junior partner 
in the firm of Barrett & Washburn. Each 
of the partners afterward became the 
head of a large and prosperous concern 
in the same line of business. Mr. Wash- 
burn founded the firm of W'ashburn & 
Garfield. Mr. Barrett formed partnership 
with Mr. Braman, who became the head 
of the firm of Braman & Dow, afterward 
Braman, Dow & Company of Boston 
and Worcester. Mr. Washburn was for 
a few years master mechanic for the 
Amoskeag Manufacturing Company of 
Manchester, New Hampshire. He after- 
ward entered the employ of his former 
partner's firm, Braman & Dow, having 
charge of the steam fitting department 
for a number of years. In 1872 he entered 
into partnership with Silas Garfield, under 
the firm name of Washburn & Garfield. 
The Barrett & Washburn place of busi- 
ness was on Pearl street. The firm soon 
took a prominent place in the business 
world, and took rank among the leading 



concerns in its line. Beginning as steam 
fitters, Washburn & Garfield became 
jobbers and wholesalers of pipe, steam 
fittings, tools. The business of Wash- 
burn & Garfield was founded on Fos- 
ter street. The present quarters at No. 
52 Foster street were occupied December 
23, 1889. In the same year the firm be- 
came a Massachusetts corporation under 
the name of the Washburn & Garfield 
Manufacturing Company. Mr. C. S. 
Chapin, who had been bookkeeper of the 
firm for a number of years, became a 
stockholder and was elected treasurer and 
secretary of the company. Owing to ill 
health he retired in 1907, his interests be- 
ing bought by John Henry Washburn. 
Mr. Washburn was active in business until 
shortly before his death, at Worcester, 
December 23, 1890. The success of the 
business was due chiefly to the energy and 
business ability of Mr. Washburn. He 
not only knew the trade of steam fitting 
in a practical way, but he possessed the 
commercial instinct that guides a man to 
success in trade. His house became one 
of the largest in the State outside of Bos- 
ton. Many of the great manufacturing 
companies of Worcester found it to their 
advantage to purchase supplies of his 
store. Gradually the company ceased to 
do construction work and install ma- 
chinery and heating plants, and devoted 
itself to the jobbing business, doing both 
a wholesale and retail business in the 
great variety of materials, supplies, tools 
and appliances used in the trade by steam- 
fitters and heaters, gasfitters and similar 
trades. Mr. John Henry Washburn, his 
son, bought the stock of Mr. Garfield in 
1895, and a few years later Mr. Garfield 
died. 

Mr. Washburn had few interests out- 
side of home and office. He was a mem- 
ber of the Universalist church. He mar- 
ried (first) May 3, 1842, Lovisa Warren, 



240 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



born at Dublin, New Hampshire, April 

2, 1820, died October 24, 1862, daughter 
of John Warren. He married (second) 
September 23, 1863, Elizabeth L. (Jones) 
Pierce, widow of Marshall Pierce, of 
Spencer, Massachusetts. She is now liv- 
ing on Grove street, Worcester. Chil- 
dren, born at Manchester: i. Elvira G., 
born September 22, 1843, died November 
29, 1843. 2. John H., mentioned below. 

3. Mary M., born June 6, 1850; married, 
January 25, 1876, William H. Seaver, of 
Worcester; children: Linda W., born 
at Boston, November 8, 1878; married 
Dr. Hartley W. Thayer, of Newtonville ; 
a son died young. 

(XIX) John H.Washburn, son of John 
E. Washburn, was born at Manchester, 
New Hampshire, January 23, 1846. He 
received his education in the public 
schools of Manchester and Worcester. 
He learned the trade of steamfitter, but 
early in life he developed a fondness for 
horses that led him when he was but 
nineteen years old to open a livery stable. 
A few years later he established himself 
in the livery business at 42 Waldo street, 
where he has continued in business to the 
present time. He succeeded to his father's 
interests in the Washburn & Garfield 
Manufacturing Company, and since then 
has been active in the management of the 
company. He is at the present time treas- 
urer of the corporation. Mr. Washburn 
is a member of Athelstan Lodge, Free 
Masons: Hiram Council, Royal and 
Select Masters ; Eureka Chapter, Royal 
Arch Masons ; Worcester County Com- 
mandery, Knights Templar ; and of Aleppo 
Temple. Nobles of the Mystic Shrine ; 
also of the Royal Arcanum. In politics 
he is an Independent. He has been a 
member of the Worcester County Agri- 
cultural Society for many years. 

He married. June 8, 1871, Loella M. 
Harrington, born at Shrewsbury, Septem- 
MASS— Vol ill— 16 24 



ber 19, 1850, died September 14, 1883, 
daughter of HoUoway, Jr., and Eliza E. 
(Temple) Harrington. Her parents were 
married at Shrewsbury, February 10, 
1848. Her father was a son of Holloway 
and Charlotte Harrington. Children, born 
at Worcester: i. Frank Warren, born 
June 9, 1872, married, now living at Bar- 
nardsville, Oklahoma. 2. Arthur H.,born 
April 6, 1876, died March 24, 1884. 3. 
John E., mentioned below. 4. Mary L., 
born January 31, 1880; died March 21, 
1883. 

(XX) John E. Washburn, son of John 
H. Washburn, was born in Worcester, 
March 15, 1878. He received his early 
education in the public schools of his na- 
tive city and in the Worcester Classical 
High School. He entered the employ of 
his father's company and served his time 
at the trade of steam fitter. He was soon 
given positions of responsibility, and 
since 1908 he has been president and 
manager of the company. For nearly 
fifty years Mr. Washburn, his father and 
grandfather, have conducted this busi- 
ness. Few business houses of equal or 
greater age exist in the city, and still 
fewer have been in the possession of the 
same family for so long a period. Many 
of the customers of the concern have been 
on the books continuously from the be- 
ginning. A recent examination of the 
books of the Stevens linen works at Web- 
ster showed that for thirty-five years the 
Washburn & Garfield Manufacturing 
Company and Washburn & Garfield have 
been furnishing its steam fittings. Rice, 
Barton & Fales, of Worcester, have been 
customers of the Washburn house for 
about forty years. With the manufac- 
turers, the house had also had long and 
pleasant relations. The Watson-Mc- 
Daniells Company of Philadelphia re- 
cently noted the fact that Mr. Wash- 
burn's firm was the very first agency 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



established by that old and successful 
house. The Walworth Manufacturing 
Company of Boston is another prominent 
house with which the Washburn firm and 
company has had long years of harmoni- 
ous business relations. The Washburn 
store occupies some 15,000 feet of space, 
besides warehouses near the Boston & 
Albany railroad yards. 

Mr. Washburn, like his father and 
grandfather, devotes his attention almost 
exclusively to business. He is a member 
of the Commonwealth Club, of the Cham- 
ber of Commerce and Quinsigamond 
Lodge, Free Masons. In politics he is a 
Republican. He married, June 14, 1904, 
Alice Weatherhead, born October 4, 1879, 
daughter of Fred C. and Abbie (Kelly) 
Weatherhead, of Auburn, Massachusetts. 
Their home is at 734 Pleasant street. 
Worcester. Child : Eloise, born March 
8, 1907. 



BROWN, Joseph C. and Benjamin F., 

Active Bnsinesa Men. 

In the United States there are several 
ancient families bearing this name, and 
from among them many men of promi- 
nence have arisen. The surname is of 
the class called complexion names, and 
was assumed by its first bearer from his 
complexion or the color of his hair. The 
large number among the pioneer settlers 
of New England have left a very numer- 
ous progeny. The frequent recurrence of 
the same Christian names has rendered it 
extremely difficult to trace the descent of 
many. Happily, the line herein covered is 
fairly complete and includes some promi- 
nent citizens of New England, who have 
earned distinction by their own merit and 
ability. 

(I) Joseph Brown, described as a 
Scotchman or Scotch-Irishman, born 
about 1715-20, was among the early set- 



tlers of the ancient town of Chester, New 
Hampshire, which was largely settled by 
Scotch-Irish people. He located in the 
extreme northwestern part of the town, 
probably in what is now Hookset, where 
he received a grant of lands from the 
proprietors of Chester. This was prob- 
ably made by Suncook, which was acting 
under a charter granted by the State of 
Massachusetts when that territory was 
supposed to be a part of the latter colony. 
There was dispute concerning lands of 
Brown and several of his neighbors, and 
after much litigation, it was settled by 
the grantees paying the town of Chester 
for the lands, and also paying the expense 
of litigation. He prepared a medicine 
which was recommended for fits, and was 
usually called Dr. Brown. He died in 
1796. He married Ann Otterson, sister 
of William Otterson, a pioneer of Ches- 
ter, and probably daughter of Thomas 
Otterson. of Scotch-Irish lineage. Chil- 
dren : Ann, married James Knox, of Pem- 
broke ; Joseph, mentioned below ; Jennie ; 
Rachel, married a Mr. Patteson ; James ; 
Lydia ; Mary, and Martha. 

(II) Joseph (2) Brown, son of Joseph 
(i) and Ann (Otterson) Brown, was born 
about 1755, and is said to have lived in 
Pembroke, New Hampshire, though no 
mention of him can be found in that 
town. Some time before 1800 he re- 
moved to Peacham. Vermont, where he 
died. He married (first) Betsey Curry, a 
sister of Thomas Curry, of Concord, New 
Hampshire, and (second) Molly Gay. 
Children : Robert, mentioned below ; 
James, went West with the Mormons ; 
Betsey, married (first) a Mr. Jerrold, and 
(second) John Towle, by whom she had 
two daughters : Sarah, who married Sabin 
Scott, of Craftsbury, Vermont, and Eliza- 
beth, who married Park Merriam, who 
settled in Malone, New York ; Sarah, 
married a Mr. Pease ; Mary, born in New 



242 




rt 



j^ /?^ 



I IHP WPW YORK 

P'-'^LiC LIBRARY 




ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Hampshire, went to Vermont with her 
parents when nine months old, and died 
in Sutton, Province of Quebec ; Joseph, 
died in the West Indies. 

(HI) Robert Brown, eldest child of 
Joseph (2) and Betsey (Curry) Brown, 
was born about 1778 in Pembroke or 
Chichester, New Hampshire. He was a 
farmer in Peacham, Vermont, where he 
died, September 31, 1836, aged fifty-eight 
years. He married Sarah Buzzell, of 
Salisbury, Massachusetts. Children : Wil- 
liam, born after 1804; Eliza, September, 
1806, married Asaph Towne ; Rial, died 
in infancy ; Joseph, mentioned below ; 
John, died in infancy. 

(IV) Joseph (3) Brown, third son of 
Robert and Sarah (BuzzelH Brown, was 
born December 9, 1815, in Peacham, Ver- 
mont, where he died July 10, 1876. He 
continued to reside on the homestead 
farm until the death of his father, after 
which he disposed of the farm and re- 
moved to Lowell, Vermont, where he 
engaged in business as a merchant in 
company with Sabin Scott. Later he re- 
moved to Troy. Vermont, where he en- 
gaged in the blacksmithing business in 
company with James Houston, thus con- 
tinuing until 1847. He then returned to 
Lowell, where he became foreman in the 
sash, blind and door factory of John Dana 
Harding, continuing there until 1851, at 
which time he removed to Craftsbury, 
Vermont, where he again engaged in the 
blacksmithing business in company with 
John Towle. In 1854 he again returned 
to Lowell where he spent a year with 
John Dana Harding in the sash, blind and 
door factory. The following year he re- 
moved to Boston. Massachusetts, and 
there entered the employ of John L. Ross, 
manufacturer of school furniture, where 
he remained until 1869, when he retired 
from active business, and removed to 
Peacham, Vermont, where he continued 
to live until his death. He was a natural 



born mechanic and a skilled workman. 
He married, July 9, 1839, Katharine 
Scott, born August 28, 1819, in Crafts- 
bury, Vermont, died January 25, 1857, 
daughter of Elijah and Mindwell (Brig- 
ham) Scott, and granddaughter of Bara- 
kiah Scott. Children: i. Elijah Scott, 
born November 5, 1840, in Craftsbury ; 
was a member of the Second Regiment, 
Vermont Volunteer Infantry, and died in 
the hospital at Point Lookout, Maryland, 
in February, 1863, ^s a result of illness 
contracted in the service. 2. Frances 
Laura, born August 26, 1842, in Lowell, 
Vermont; married Orwell D. Towne, of 
Saratoga, New York, and had children : 
Arthur Elisha, born February i, 1871 ; 
George Scott, September 3, 1873; Kath- 
arine, May 25, 1875 ; Orwell Bradley, 
July 26, 1878; Agnes Frances. July 12, 
1881 ; Zephirine Ellen, March 23, 1883; 
James Blaine, January 19, 1885. 3. Joseph 
Clement, mentioned below. 4. Sarah 
Eliza, born August 8, 1847; married Har- 
riman Longley, and died September 11, 
1895 ; she was the mother of one son. 
Wade Garrick Longley, born September 
26, 1878. 5. Benjamin Franklin, men- 
tioned below. 6. Katharine, born March 
19. 1853, in Craftsbury; married William 
H. H. Kenfield, of Hyde Park, Vermont, 
and is now a widow, residing in Fitch- 
burg. 

(V) Joseph Clement Brown, second 
son of Joseph (3) and Katharine (Scott) 
Brown, was born January 4, 1845, '" 
South Troy, Vermont, and attended the 
common schools of his native town. He 
was but twelve years old when the death 
of his mother resulted in the breaking 
up of the home, and he went to South 
Woodbury, Vermont, to live with an 
uncle, Asaph Towne, with whom, in i860 
he was apprenticed as carriage manufac- 
turer, and worked at that industry for a 
a period of twenty years. In 1880 he 
went to Burlington, Vermont, and en- 



243 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



gaged as travelling salesman, and spent 
more than five years on the road, selling 
photographic supplies throughout New 
England for L. G. Burnham & Company. 
In 1884 he began the study of automatic 
machines for putting seeds and powders 
in flat packets, and received his first 
patent on a device of this kind in 1885. 
The following year he removed to Bos- 
ton, and travelled for C. H. Codman &. 
Company of that city, and their succes- 
sors, which eventually became the East- 
man Kodak Company, continuing with 
the latter company until igo8. Later, in 
partnership with his younger brother, 
Benjamin F. Brown, he engaged in the 
manufacture of his automatic bag filling 
machine, upon which many improve- 
ments were made and new patents 
secured, with the result that to-day this 
invention stands unrivaled in the history 
of automatic machinery. It has been 
adopted by the United States Department 
of Agriculture and leading seedsmen in 
the United States, England, Germany, 
Australia, and the Dominion of Canada. 
In 1895 Mr. Brown lost his right arm in 
consequence of a street car accident in 
Boston, and the following year his left 
arm was broken. He seems to have been 
pursued by misfortune through life, for 
in 1905 he was in a railroad wreck on the 
Maine Central Railroad, from the effects 
of which he was confined to the house six 
months. In 1908 he resigned his position 
as travelling salesman and went to Wash- 
ington, D. C, to assist in executing a con- 
tract with the government for the con- 
gressional free seed distribution. In 1909 
he settled at Fitchburg, Massachusetts, 
the home office of the Brown Bag Filling 
Machine Company, of which he is super- 
intendent and a director. He is a mem- 
ber of the First Universalis! Church of 
Fitchburg, and of Green Mountain Lodge, 
No. 68, Free and Accepted Masons, of 



Cabot, Vermont. He is also affiliated 
with St. Paul's Chapter, Royal Arch Ma- 
sons, and Boston Commandery, Knights 
Templar, of Boston. Politically a Re- 
publican, he has never found time nor 
had the inclination to participate in the 
conduct of public afifairs, but supports 
his principles with voice and vote. He 
married, October 10, 1871, Percy P. 
Towne, of South Woodbury, Vermont, 
daughter of Jason W. and Laura Ann 
(Putnam) Towne. They have one son, 
Joseph Robert Brown, born June 18, 
1874, in South Woodbury. He attended 
school in Woodbury and Burlington, Ver- 
mont, and Maiden and Dorchester, Mas- 
sachusetts, graduating from the Henry L. 
Pierce grammar school of the latter town 
in 1890. He learned the trade of ma- 
chinist with H. H. Cummings & Com- 
pany of Boston, and was subsequently 
employed in the wholesale department of 
Dame, Stoddard & Kendall, fishing tackle, 
etc., of Boston. He was afterward em- 
ployed for a short time by H. H. John- 
son & Company, dealers in wholesale 
bakers' supplies, of Boston. Later he 
was in the service of the Commonwealth 
of Massachusetts as Bertillion examiner 
at the reformatory institutions and coun- 
ty jails for eleven years. Following this 
he was in the employ of the Brown Bag 
Filling Machine Company at Fitchburg, 
and at present is agent for the Garford 
Auto Truck, with headquarters in Bos- 
ton. He is a member of Acacia Lodge. 
Free and Accepted Masons, of Washing- 
ton, D. C. He married (first) Septem- 
ber 12, 1899, Lottie Leahy, who died Jan- 
uary 12, 1905, at Acton, Massachusetts, 
and he married (second) October 21, 
1905, Lena A. Ring, of Concord Junction, 
Massachusetts, daughter of Francis C. 
and Annie (Molyneux) Ring. There is 
one son by the first marriage, Joseph Wil- 
bur Brown, born April 16, 1900, in Acton, 



244 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Massachusetts ; and one son by the sec- 
ond marriage, namely : Baracaiah Robert, 
born May 14, 1915. 

(V) Benjamin Franklin Brown, third 
son of Joseph (3) and Katharine (Scott) 
Brown, was born December 8, 1849, '" 
Lowell, Vermont. His early educational 
training was acquired in the public schools 
of his native town and in the schools of 
Woodbury, Craftsbury and Wolcott, Ver- 
mont. On April 28, 1866, when but a 
little over sixteen years of age, he re- 
moved to Fitchburg, Massachusetts, 
where for four years he was a student in 
the high school of the latter city. In 1871 
he entered Amherst College, from which 
he was graduated in 1874, with the degree 
of Bachelor of Arts. After graduating 
from college Mr. Brown engaged in teach- 
ing, and for a period of seven years was 
thus engaged in the schools of Fitchburg, 
and for the following two years, from 
1881 to 1883, was a teacher in the high 
school of Athol, Massachusetts. For the 
succeeding two years he was principal of 
the Washington county grammar school 
at Montpelier, Vermont. In 1885 he be- 
came instructor in the Gibson School in 
Boston, filling that position for a period 
of five years, when in 1890 he resigned 
to engage in the manufacture of the 
Brown Bag Filling Machine at Fitchburg, 
Massachusetts. Two years later, in 1892, 
Mr. Brown incorporated the company 
under the name of The Brown Bag Fill- 
ing Machine Company, of which he be- 
came the first president and general man- 
ager, in which capacities he has since con- 
tinued. As a result of his executive abil- 
ity and able management, the business of 
this company has been greatly increased 
in volume as well as in importance, and it 
is estimated that the machines manufac- 
tured by this concern will, in 1915, fill 
over four hundred million packages. Dur- 
ing the sixteen years of the administra- 



tion of James Wilson as Secretary of 
Agriculture, this company held the con- 
tract for ten years of supplying the United 
States government with its packages of 
seeds for congressional free distribution, 
this company maintaining a plant in 
Washington, D. C, where their machines 
are in operation in placing the seeds, 
which are furnished by the Agricultural 
Department, in the packages ready for 
free distribution. The machines manu- 
factured by this company are especially 
designed for filling bags with any article 
which requires counting of the contents, 
and are in universal use throughout the 
civilized world. 

Mr. Brown is a member of the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, affiliated 
with the Lodge and Encampment, having 
passed through the principal chairs in 
both bodies, and for several years has 
been chairman of the board of trustees 
of Mt. Roulstone Lodge, of Fitchburg. 
He is also a member of Alpine Lodge, No. 
35, Knights of Pythias, of Fitchburg, of 
which he is past chancellor commander. 
He is also an active member of the Fitch- 
burg Historical Society, and of the Fay 
Club, of Fitchburg, which is the leading 
social club of that city. Since 1872 Mr. 
Brown, with others of the Amherst crew, 
has held the college record in a six-oared 
racing shell. 

Mr. Brown is a well read man, and 
takes an intelligent interest in the prog- 
ress of his native land. Progressive, up- 
to-date, he is ever ready to exert his in- 
fluence and aid in all movements in the 
interest of better conditions, good govern- 
ment, the promotion of the city and the 
best means of advancing its prosperity. 
Of an even temperament, genial in man- 
ner, he is sympathetic and warm in his 
impulses. Public life has never appealed 
to him, and while he is a staunch sup- 
porter of the principles of the Republican 

245 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



party, and has been a delegate to numer- 
ous State conventions of that party, he 
has never accepted public office. His 
greatest pleasure may be said to be found 
in his home life and its surroundings, 
where are displayed a devotion and in- 
dulgence rarely witnessed. He is chari- 
table and benevolent, and his wife shared 
this disposition with him to such an ex- 
tent that their pleasant home became an 
abiding place of hospitality. 

On July 12, 1880, Mr. Brown was united 
in marriage to Zephirine Normandin, who 
was born at Slatersville, Rhode Island, 
daughter of Joseph and Ursula (Beaure- 
gard) Normandin. Mrs. Brown passed 
away in Fitchburg, Massachusetts, Sep- 
tember 26. 1907, without issue. Prior to 
her marriage Mrs. Brown was also en- 
gaged in teaching, and after her marriage 
to Mr. Brown she was most heartily one 
with him in the home, and took a deep 
interest in the intellectual and moral life 
of the community. She was deeply in- 
terested in the life and work of the church, 
and her culture and charm of grace won 
for her a place in the esteem of the com- 
munity. 



MORTON, Herbert A., 

Business Han. 

The name of Morton, Moreton and 
Mortaigne is earliest found in old Dau- 
phine, is still existent in France, where 
it is represented by the present Comtes 
and Marquises Morton de Chabrillon, and 
where the family has occupied many im- 
portant positions, states the "Genealogy 
of the Morton Family," from which this 
sketch is taken. In the annals of the fam- 
ily there is a statement repeatedly met 
with, that as a result of a quarrel one of 
the name migrated from Dauphine, first 
to Brittany and then to Normandy, where 
he joined William the Conqueror. Cer- 



tain it is that among the names of the 
followers of William painted on the chan- 
cel ceiling in the ancient church of Dives 
in old Normandy, is that of Robert, Comte 
de Mortain. It also figures on Battle Ab- 
bey Roll, the Domesday Book, and the 
Norman Rolls, and it is conjectured that 
this Count Robert, who was also half- 
brother of the Conqueror by his mother 
Harlotte, was the founder of the Eng- 
lish family of that name. In the Bayeux 
tapestry he is represented as of the Coun- 
cil of William, the result of which was 
the entrenchment of Hastings and the 
conquest of England. Count Robert held 
manors in nearly every county in Eng- 
land, in all about eight hundred, among 
which was Pevensea, where the Con- 
queror landed, and where in 1087 Robert 
and his brother Odo, Bishop of Bayeux, 
were besieged six weeks by William 
Rufus. Here Camden (1551-1628) found 
"the most entire remains of a Roman 
building to be seen in Britain." When 
William, Earl of Moriton and Cornwall, 
son of Robert, rebelled against Henry I., 
that prince seized and razed his castles, 
but this one seems to have escaped demo- 
lition. In early Norman times this Wil- 
liam built a castle at Tamerton, Corn- 
wall, and founded a college of canons, as 
appeared by the Domesday Book, where 
it is called Lanstaveton. On the north 
side of the Gretna in Richmondshire 
stands an old manor house called More- 
ton Tower, from a lofty, square embattled 
tower at one end of it. Of the family of 
Morton were the Earls of Dulcie-and 
Cornwall ; Robert Morton, Esquire, of 
Bawtry ; Thomas Morton, secretary to 
Edward III.; William Morton, bishop of 
Meath ; Robert Morton, bishop of Worces- 
ter in i486; John Morton, the celebrated 
cardinal archbishop of Canterbury and 
lord chancellor of England, 1420-1500; 
Albert Morton, secretarv of state to 



246 



EN'CYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



James I.; Thomas Morton (1564-1659), 
bishop of Durham and chaplain to James 
II. Prominent among the English Mor- 
tons who early came to America were 
Thomas Morton, Esquire ; Rev. Charles 
Morton ; Landgrave Joseph Morton, pro- 
prietary governor of South Carolina ; and 
George Morton. 

(I) George Morton, the first of the 
name to found a family in America, and 
the ancestor of former Vice-President 
Levi P. Morton, was born about 1585, at 
Austerfield, Yorkshire, England, and it is 
believed was of the ancient Mortons, who 
bore for arms : Quarterly, gules and er- 
mine ; in the de.xter chief and sinister base, 
each a goat's head erased argent attired 
or. Crest : A goat's head, argent attired 
or. Hunter, in his "Founders of New 
Plymouth," suggests that he may have 
been the George Morton hitherto un- 
accounted for in the family of Anthony 
Morton, of Bawtry, one of the historical 
families of England, and that from 
Romanist lineage "he so far departed 
from the spirit and principles of his fam- 
ily as to have fallen into the ranks of the 
Protestant Puritans and Separatists." Of 
George Morton's early life no record has 
been preserved, and his religious environ- 
ments and the causes which led him to 
unite with the Separatists are alike un- 
known. His home in Yorkshire was in 
the vicinage of Scrooby Manor, and possi- 
bly he was a member of Brewster's his- 
toric church ; but it is only definitely 
known that he early joined the Pilgrims 
at Leyden, and continued of their com- 
pany until his death. When the first of 
the colonists departed for America, Mr. 
Morton remained behind, although he 
"much desired" to embark then and in- 
tended soon to join them. His reasons 
for such a course is a matter of conjec- 
ture. .A.S he was a merchant, possibly his 
business interests caused his detention. 



or, what is more probable, he remained to 
promote the success of the colony by en- 
couraging emigration among others. That 
he served in some official capacity before 
coming to America, is undoubted. One 
writer states that he was "the agent of 
those of his sect in London," and another, 
that he acted as "the financial agent in 
London for Plymouth County." The work, 
however, for which this eminent forefather 
is most noted, and which will forever link 
his name with American history, is the 
publication issued by him in London, in 
1622, of what has since been known as 
"Mourt's Relation." This "Relation," 
may justly be termed the first history of 
New England, and is composed of letters 
and journals from the chief colonists at 
Plymouth, either addressed or intrusted 
to George Morton, whose authorship in 
the work is possibly limited to the preface. 
The "Relation" itself is full of valuable 
information and still continues an author- 
ity. Shortly after it was placed before 
the public, George Morton prepared to 
emigrate to America, and sailed with his 
wife and five children in the "Ann," the 
third and last ship to carry what are dis- 
tinctively known as the Forefathers, and 
reached Plymouth early in June, 1623. 
"New England's Memorial" speaks of Mr. 
Timothy Hatherly and Mr. George Mor- 
ton as "two of the principal passengers 
that came in this ship," and from Mor- 
ton's activity in promoting emigration it 
may be inferred that the "Ann's" valuable 
addition to the colony was in a measure 
due to his efforts. He did not long sur- 
vive his arrival, and his early death was 
a serious loss to the infant settlement. 
His character and attainments were such 
as to suggest the thought that, had he 
lived to the age reached by several of his 
distinguished contemporaries, he would 
have filled as conspicuous a place in the 
life of the colony. The Memorial thus 
chronicles his decease : 



247 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Mr. George Morton was a pious, gracious 
servant of God, and very faithful in whatsoever 
public employment he be trusted withal, and an 
unfeigned well-wilier, and according to his 
sphere and condition a suitable promoter of the 
common good and growth of the plantation of 
New Plymouth, labouring to still the discon- 
tents that sometimes would arise amongst some 
spirits, by occasion of the difficulties of these 
new beginnings; but it pleased God to put a 
period to his days soon after his arrival in New 
England, not surviving a full year after his com- 
ing ashore. With much comfort and peace he 
fell asleep in the Lord, in the month of June 
anno 1624. 

He married Juliana Carpenter, as 
shown by the entry in the Leyden 
records: "George Morton, merchant, 
from York in England, accompanied by 
Thomas Morton, his brother, and Roger 
Wilson, his acquaintance, with Juliana 
Carpenter, maid from Baths in England, 
accompanied by Alexander Carpenter, her 
father, and Alice Carpenter, her sister, 
and Anna Robinson, her acquaintance. 
The banns published 6-16 July, 1612; the 
marriage took place 23 July-2 August, 
1612." Mrs. Morton married (second) 
Manasseh Kempton, Esquire, a member of 
the first and other assemblies of the colony. 
She died at Plymouth, February 18, 1665, 
in the eighty-first year of her age, and is 
mentioned in the Town Records as "a 
faithful servant of God." Children of 
George and Juliana (Carpenter) Mor- 
ton: Nathaniel, Patience, John, Sarah 
and Ephraim. 

(II) Lieutenant Ephraim Morton, 
youngest child of George and Juliana 
(Carpenter) Morton, was born in 1623, 
on the ship "Ann." In 1648 he became 
a freeman of Plymouth, and in the same 
year was constable ; was chosen a repre- 
sentative to the General Court at Ply- 
mouth in 1657, and was a member of that 
body for twenty-eight years. He was 
chosen the first representative to the 
Massachusetts General Court under the 
charter of 1691-92 ; was for nearly twenty- 



five years at the head of the board of 
selectmen of Plymouth, and in 1683 was 
chosen a magistrate of the colony. At the 
time of his death he was a justice of the 
Court of Common Pleas, and also served 
in other important relations. He died 
September 7, 1693. He married (first) 
November 18, 1644, Ann Cooper, who 
died September i, 1691. He married 
(second) in 1692, Mary, widow of Wil- 
liam Harlow, and daughter of Robert 
Shelly, of Scituate. Children: George, 
born 1645 ; Ephraim, 1648; Rebecca, 165 1 ; 
Josiah, 1653; Nathaniel; Eleazer, men- 
tioned below ; Thomas, 1667 ; Patience. 

(HI) Eleazer, fifth son of Ephraim 
Morton, married, in 1693, Rebecca Dawes, 
daughter of Ambrose, and their children 
were: Eleazer, born 1693; Ann, 1694, 
married Robert Finney ; Nathaniel, men- 
tioned below; Rebecca, 1703. 

(IV) Nathaniel, son of Eleazer and 
Rebecca (Dawes) Morton, was born 1695, 
and was lost at sea before 1730. He mar- 
ried, in 1720, Rebecca Ellis, widow of 
Mordecai Ellis, and daughter of Thomas 
Clark. Children: Elizabeth, born 1720; 
Nathaniel, mentioned below ; Eleazer, 
1724; Ichabod, 1726. 

(V) Major Nathaniel (2) Morton, 
eldest son of Nathaniel (i) and Rebecca 
(Clark) Morton, born February i, 1723, 
was a soldier in the Revolutionary War, 
being at first second lieutenant in Captain 
Levi Rounseville's company of minute- 
men, subsequently commander of a com- 
pany, and then promoted to major. There 
were many members of the Morton 
family named Nathaniel, and on Decem- 
ber 8, 1776, there were among the officers 
and private soldiers of the local militia 
of East Freetown who responded to 
what was known as the "Rhode Island 
alarm," no less than four Nathaniel 
Mortons: the company commander 
(later major) ; his son Nathaniel (then 
called Nathaniel, Jr., but in subsequent 



248 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



life widely known as Hon. Nathaniel 
Morton), who was one of the four ser- 
geants of the company ; Nathaniel Mor- 
ton, St., and Nathaniel Morton (4th). 
Nathaniel (2) Morton married, in 1749, 
Martha Tupper, of Sandwich, daughter 
of Eldad Tupper, and granddaughter of 
Thomas Tupper, and their children were : 
Nathaniel, born 1753 ; Martha ; Elizabeth ; 
Job, mentioned below. 

(VI) Job, youngest child of Nathaniel 
(2) and Martha (Tupper) Morton, was 
born June 14, 1770, at East Freetown, and 
received fine educational advantages. 
After attending the common schools he 
took a collegiate course, and was gradu- 
ated at Brown University in 1797. He 
studied medicine, but never practiced. 
Like his forefathers he took a prominent 
part in the afYairs of the town. On April 
I, 1805, he was elected a selectman of 
Freetown, and served twenty-four years 
as such ; on the same date he was chosen 
assessor of Freetown, in which office he 
served twenty-eight years. On May 14, 
1814, he was chosen representative of 
Freetown in the General Court, and 
served acceptably for eleven years. On 
February 9, 181 1, he was comjnissioned 
a justice of the peace for the county of 
Bristol. In 1812 he was appointed clerk 
of the county courts, but it is not known 
that he accepted this position ; if he did, 
he held it only a short time. He was also 
chairman of the board of commissioners 
of highways, which soon came to be 
known as the board of county commis- 
sioners. After his marriage he resided in 
an old-fashioned unpretentious looking 
house still standing in East Freetown, 
about a third of a mile from the line that 
divides Freetown from Lakeville, in 
which all his children were born. He 
died in March, 1843, '^i the house men- 
tioned near the one in which he was born. 
He married, in 1802, Patience Purring- 
ton (or Purington), of Middleboro, who 



died February 15, 1841. Children: i. 
James Madison, born April 28, 1803; 
passed the years of his earlier manhood 
in Fairhaven, Massachusetts, where he 
was treasurer of the White cotton mill. 
In the winter of 1840 he moved to Fall 
River, where he passed the remainder of 
his life, dying there March 2, 181 1. On 
May 25, 1822, he was commissioned 
ensign of the local militia in East Free- 
town, promoted to lieutenant August 20, 
1824; honorably discharged July 5, 1827. 
He married Sarah Maria Ann Tobey, and 
they had four children. 2. Albert Galla- 
tin, born August 8, 1804, lived and died 
in Freetown ; he was a clergyman of the 
Christian denomination. 3. Charles Aus- 
tin, born May 14, 1806, died in a house 
standing only a few rods from the one 
in which he was born. For a time he held 
a position in the Boston custom house ; 
was selectman of Freetown nine years ; 
assessor eight years ; member of the 
school committee nine years ; representa- 
tive to the General Court one year; and 
was a justice of the peace for the county 
of Bristol from April 11, 1839. No man 
in East Freetown or anywhere was better 
posted regarding the local affairs of that 
place and the immediate vicinity, he and 
his neighbor. Dr. Bradford Braley, being 
"lively oracles" to and "walking his- 
tories" of East Freetown, and the adja- 
cent parts of Lakeville and Rochester. 4. 
Elbridge Gerry, born March 8, 1808, 
moved to Fairhaven, where he lived for 
many years. He was a leader in the 
public life of that place, serving five years 
as selectman ; sixteen years as moderator 
of the annual town meeting ; three years 
as representative to the General Court in 
Boston ; delegate to the constitutional 
convention of 1853 ; and was elected in 
1853 a member of the board of commis- 
sioners of Bristol county (which consisted 
of three commissioners and two special 
commissioners), of which board he was 



249 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



immediately chosen chairman. Toward 
the close of his life he was postmaster a"t 
Fairhaven. 5. William C, born April 10, 
1810, died March 8, 181 1. 6. Hannah P., 
born 181 1, married Harrison Staples, of 
Lakeville, Massachusetts, where she died. 
7. Andrew Jackson, mentioned below. 8. 
William A., born JVIarch 20, 1817, at the 
old place, was reared there, and died in 
1886, m the house in which he was born. 
The sons of this family were all "six 
footers," and were of marked personality. 
(VII) Andrew Jackson, sixth son of 
Job and Patience (Purrington) Morton, 
was born July 5, 1812, in Freetown, and 
was a farmer all his life, dying March 
10, 1893. He lived in East Freetown, 
near the old homestead, his farm com- 
prising what is now Lake Side Park. In 
politics he was a Republican, but he was 
not active in party aiifairs or public mat- 
ters of any kind. He married Abbie Lawr- 
ence, born September 18, 1817, daughter 
of Alden and Chloe (Sherman) Lawr- 
ence, of Freetown, died March 25, 1906. 
Children: William Grey, born February 
6, 1838, died at sea January 18, 1878: 
George Washington, October 22, 1840, 
died June 2, 1842; Patience Purrington, 
November 24, 1842, married George H. 
Gerrish; Martha Washington, April i. 
1845, married Charles F. Vaughn, of Mid- 
dleboro, and died in Rochester, Massa- 
chusetts; George Andrew, January 31, 
1848, died August 2, 1850; Myron Lawr- 
ence, June 25, 1850, is living in Boston ; 
Frank Pierce, January 4, 1853, lives in 
New Bedford ; Thomas J., March 2, 1856, 
living in Taunton, married Helen Watts, 
of Taunton, she died in Taunton, May, 
1912: Herbert Andrew, mentioned below i 
Anna Cora, February 28, 1862, died No- 
vember 14, 1888. 

(VIII) Herbert Andrew Morton, 
youngest son of Andrew J. and Abbie 
(Lawrence) Morton, was born March 16, 



1858, in Lakeville, Massachusetts, near 
the old homestead in East Freetown. 
His early training was obtained in the 
district schools in East Freetown and 
was limited, but he later had two terms 
in a graded school in Middleboro, when 
about eighteen or nineteen years of age. 
When only nine years of age he went 
away from home to live in another 
family, so it may readily be seen that 
whatever he has has been acquired 
through his own efforts. In 1878 he spent 
part of his time in Taunton, where in 
November, 1882, he went into the laundry 
business with his brother. He had, how- 
ever, been working a few years for Wil- 
liam Webster, and his brother, Alyron 
Morton, who was then in the clothing 
business in Taunton. The success of the 
Morton Brothers and the remarkable 
growth of their laundry establishment is 
due to the fact that both are men of 
energy and executive ability, and by har- 
monious cooperation they have placed 
their business on a profitable basis. 
Everything is carried on in the most 
modern fashion and the plant is a credit 
to the community. Herbert A. Morton 
is well known socially, being a member 
of Ionic Lodge, Free and Accepted 
Masons (of which he is a past master) ; 
St. Mark's Chapter, Royal Arch Masons ; 
Bristol Commandery, Knights Templar, 
of Attleboro ; the Eastern Star, and Sab- 
batia Lodge, Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows. He is also district deputy of 
the Twenty-eighth Masonic District ot 
Massachusetts. In politics he is a Repub- 
lican. He married, June 29, 1909, Alice 
Shaw, daughter of William C. and Fannie 
B. (Coffin) Shaw, the former of Nan- 
tucket (see Shaw VIII). 



(The Shaw Ldne). 

(I) Anthony Shaw was early in Bos- 
ton. Massachusetts, whence he removed 
, to Portsmouth, Rhode Island, and later 
250 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



to Little Compton, same colony, where he 
died August 21, 1705. The inventory of 
his estate footed two hundred and thir- 
teen pounds, twelve shilling, two pence, 
including a negro man valued at thirty 
pounds, and silver money amounting to 
nine pounds. On April 20, 1665, he 
bought ten acres of land in Portsmouth, 
for forty pounds, including a house and 
three hundred good boards. He married 
Alice, daughter of John Stonard, of Bos- 
ton, where their first three children were 
born, namely: William, January 21, 
1654, died March 10 following; William, 
February 24, 1655; Elizabeth, May 21, 
1656. The others, born in Rhode Island, 
were: Israel, mentioned below; Ruth, 
married John Cook ; Grace, wife of Joseph 
Church. 

(II) Israel, third son of Anthony and 
Alice (Stonard) Shaw, lived in Little 
Compton, and married, in 1689, a daugh- 
ter of Peter Tallman, of Portsmouth. 
Her baptismal name is not preserved. He 
sold two parcels of land in Portsmouth, 
February 11, 1707, to his brother-in-law. 
John Cook, of Tiverton, and in the bar- 
gain were included buildings and 
orchards, and a share in Hog Island. The 
consideration was two hundred ten 
pounds and ten shillings. Children : 
William, born November 7, 1690; Mary, 
February 17, 1692; Anthony, mentioned 
below; Alice, November 17, 1695; Israel, 
August 28, 1697; Hannah, March 7, 1699; 
Jeremiah, June 6. 1700; Ruth, February 
ID, 1702; Peter, October 6, 1704; Eliza- 
beth, February 7, 1706; Grace, October 
20, 1707; Comfort, August 9, 1709; 
Deborah, July 15. 171 1. 

(III) Anthony, second son of Israel 
Shaw, was born January 29, 1694, in 
Little Compton. and died there in March. 
1759. He married, August 14, 1718. in 
Little Compton, by Justice Thomas 
Church, Rebecca Wood, born April 17, 



1696, died January, 1766, daughter of 
Thomas Wood. Children : Benjamin, 
mentioned below ; Mary, born February 
24, 1722; Ruth, September 29, 1723; 
Anthony, November 30, 1725 ; Elizabeth, 
January 10, 1728, died January, 1804; 
Rebecca, January 27, 1730; Arnold, No- 
vember 13, 1732; Thomas, January 26, 
1735 ; John, May 5, 1737. 

(IV) Benjamin, eldest child of An- 
thony and Rebecca (Wood) Shaw, was 
born October 5, 1720, in Little Compton, 
and died there in September, 1794. He 
married, 1749, Elizabeth Potter. Chil- 
dren: Sylvanus, born May 4, 1750, died 
October 22, 1777; Nathaniel, mentioned 
below ; Rhoda, October 2, 1753, died 
young; Rhoda, January i, 1756; Noah, 
February 2, 1758; Susanna. March 25, 
1760; Barnabus, October 24, 1761 ; Ben- 
jamin, July 24, 1763; Elizabeth, October 
5, 1764; Asa, March i, 1766; Renanuel, 
July 21, 1768. 

(V) Nathaniel, second son of Benja- 
min and Elizabeth (Potter) Shaw, born 
February 24, 1752. married a daughter of 
Thomas Cory. It is family history that 
both Nathaniel and his father-in-law 
served in the Revolutionary War. His 
children were : William, Job, Cory, and 
perhaps others. 

(\T) Job, son of Nathaniel Shaw, 
born about 1783, in Tiverton, Rhode 
Island, was a cooper by trade and occupa- 
tion, and resided in Tiverton and New 
Bedford. He died in the latter town in 
1862, aged seventy-nine years three 
months. He married Amy Macomber, 
and had children : Humphrey ; Frederick 
P., mentioned below; Job L. ; Phebe M., 
married Charles C. Allen; Adaline, mar- 
ried Benjamin Brown, of New Bedford. 

(VII) Frederick P., second son of Job 
and Amy (Macomber) Shaw, was born 
July 17, 181 1, in New Bedford, Massa- 
chusetts, and after such schooling as was 



251 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



then usually given to a boy, he learned 
the cooper's trade under the direction of 
his father, who carried on that business 
in New Bedford. In due time he changed 
his occupation, engaging in the grocery 
business in his native city, his location 
being on Purchase street, near North, in 
time moving to the northwest corner of 
Purchase and Kempton streets. A part- 
nership was eventually formed with his 
younger brother, the late Job L. Shaw, 
who had been an assistant in the store 
with him. The two remained together in 
business until the year 1844, when the 
partnership was dissolved and each en- 
gaged in business for himself. Some 
years later they again became associated 
under the firm name of Shaw & Brother, 
conducting a wholesale grocery business, 
their location being on Union street, 
with a branch house in East Saginaw, 
Michigan, in which was interested the 
son of Mr. Frederick P. Shaw, the late 
Captain Charles Frederick Shaw, who 
was for many years in active life in New 
Bedford. In the meantime, in 1849, Mr. 
Frederick P. Shaw went to California, 
sailing from New Bedford in the bark 
"Sylph," and after his return he was for 
a period engaged in the wholesale gro- 
cery business in Providence, Rhode 
Island, being a member of the firm of 
Work, Shaw & Company. Mr. Shaw 
took an active interest in the public affairs 
of New Bedford, and was influential and 
prominent in citizenship. He was chosen 
a member of the Common Council in 
1852, and in 1875 represented the city m 
the General Court of Massachusetts, 
elected as a Democrat, though really 
independent in politics. He was inter- 
ested and active generally in politics 
regardless or independent of party lines, 
and his election on the Democratic ticket 
to the General Court was due to the sup- 
port received from both of the great 
parties. The religious faith of Mr. Shaw 



was that of the Christian denomination, 
he being a member of the North Christian 
Church at New Bedford, and for several 
years he was the church clerk. Mr. Shaw 
was well known in both business and 
social circles. He was a very agreeable 
gentleman, methodical and systematic in 
his affairs, and had the reputation of 
being shrewd, keen and capable. Perhaps 
a year prior to his death he was stricken 
with apoplexy, from which he never fully 
recovered ; and a recurrence of the attack 
about a week before his death was the 
cause of it. This event occurred at his 
home in Purchase street, New Bedford, 
December i, 1883, when he was aged 
seventy-two years four months. He mar- 
ried in early manhood, Mary Maxfield, 
born April 10, 1812, died January 25, 1905, 
daughter of David and Mary (Soule) 
Maxfield (see Maxfield VI). Children: 
Charles F., died young; Charles F., born 
November 28, 1840; Marion, May n, 
1843, married (first) January 25, 1869, 
Preserved Bullock, who died August 29, 
1875, (second) November 27, 1884, Major 
Edwin Dews, who died June 11, 1904; 
Anna V., May 13. 1846, died February 
14, 1907, unmarried ; Florence C, Sep- 
tember, 1849, married, June 29, 1869, 
Arthur R. Brown, and resides in New 
Bedford ; William C, mentioned below. 

(VIII) William C, youngest child of 
Frederick P. and Mary (Maxfield) Shaw, 
was born June 30, 1855. He married, 
February 20, 1879, Fannie B. Coffin, and 
had one daughter, Alice Coffin, mentioned 
below. 

(IX) Alice Coffin, only child of Wil- 
liam C. and Fannie B. (Coffin) Shaw, 
was born November 9, 1879, and married. 
Tune 29, 1909, Herbert A. Morton of 
Taunton (see Morton VIII). 

(The Coffin Line). 

In Fallaise, a town in Normandy, 
stands the old chateau of Courtitout, 



252 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



once the home of the Norman Coffins ; 
the name is now extinct in that vicinage. 
The chateau is now owned by Monsieur 
Le Clere, who is the grandson of the 
last Mademoiselle Coffin, who married a 
Le Clere in 1796. Until her marriage the 
chateau had always been owned by a 
Coffin. (The above information came 
through Admiral Henry E. Coffin, of the 
English navy, who is the nephew of 
Admiral Sir Isaac Coffin, who was born 
in Boston, Massachusetts, May 16, 1759, 
made a baronet and granted a coat-of- 
arms in 1804). The family traces its 
ancestry to Sir Richard Coffin, Knight, 
who accompanied William the Conqueror 
from Normandy to England in the year 
1066, to whom the manor of Alwington in 
the county of Devonshire was assigned. 
There are various branches of the family 
in County Devon. The English records 
show the name Covin, whence it was 
changed to Cophin, and is also found as 
Kophin, Cofifyn and Coffyne. Before 
1254 the family was flourishing at Port- 
ledge-near-the-sea, in the parish of 
Alwington, five miles from Biddeford, 
England. For a period of two hundred 
years the heir always received the name 
of Richard, and so the family was per- 
petuated for many generations through 
that name. The name was early brought 
to the Massachusetts Bay Colony and 
has been borne by many leading men. 
The Coffin family were not as conspicu- 
ous during the Revolution as they un- 
doubtedly would have been if their loca- 
tion had been different. The island was 
visited by the British warships on several 
occasions, and the inhabitants were in- 
timidated, and for their own safety were 
obliged to preserve a neutrality. The 
Portledge family bore these arms: Vert, 
five cross-crosslets argent, between four 
plates. These arms were also used by the 
American families. 



(I) Tristram Coffin, a descendant of 
Sir Richard Coffin, married and lived in 
Brixton, County of Devonshire, England. 
In his will he left legacies to Anne and 
John, children of his son Nicholas Coffin ; 
Richard and Joan, children of Lionel 
Coffin ; Philip Coffin and his son Tris- 
tram ; and appointed Nicholas Coffin, of 
whom further, as his executor. 

(II) Nicholas, son of Tristram Coffin, 
lived in Butler's parish, Devonshire, 
England, where he died in 1603. In his 
will, which was proved at Totnes, in 
Devonshire, November 3, 1603, mention 
is made of his wife and five children, 
namely: Peter, mentioned below ; Nicho- 
las, Tristram, John and Anne. 

(III) Peter, eldest son of Nicholas and 
Joan Coffin, was born on the Coffin estate 
at Brixton, Devonshire, England, about 
1580, and died there in 1627-28. He mar- 
ried Joan or Joanna Thember, and their 
six children were born and baptized in the 
parish of Brixton, Devonshire, England, 
in the order following: i. Tristram, men- 
tioned below. 2. John, born about 1607; 
he was a soldier and died in the service 
from a mortal wound received in battle 
during the four years' siege of the for- 
tified town during the Civil War, and died 
within the town about 1642. 3. Joan, 
born about 1609, in England, probably 
died there. 4. Deborah, died probably in 
England. 5. Eunice, born in England ; 
came to Massachusetts Bay Colony with 
her parents ; married William Butler, and 
died in 1648. 6. Mary, married Alexander 
Adam-s, and had children : Mary, Susan- 
nah, John and Samuel ; she died in 1677 or 
thereabouts. Widow Joan, with her chil- 
dren, Tristram. Eunice and Mary ; her 
two sons-in-law, husbands of her daugh- 
ters who were married in England ; her 
daughter-in-law, Dionis ; and five grand- 
children, came to Salisbury in 1642. She 
died in Boston in May, 1661, aged 



253 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



seventy-seven years, and in the notice of 
her family it is quaintly stated that the 
Rev. Mr. Wilson "embalmed her 
memory." 

(IV) Tristram (2), eldest son of Peter 
and Joan (Thember) Coffin, was born in 
the parish of Brixton, Devonshire, Eng- 
land, probably in 1605. He was one of 
the landed gentry of England, being heir 
to his father's estates in Brixton, and he 
was probably a churchman after the order 
of the time of Elizabeth. He died at his 
home on Kantucket Island, October 2, 
1681. It is a strange fact that the Chris- 
tian name of the immigrant forefather of 
all the Coffins in America, Tristram, is 
repeated and multiplied in every gener- 
ation, while the name of the foremother, 
Dionis, is repeated but once in all the 
generations, and that was when it was 
given to the eldest daughter of Stephen, 
but when she married Jacob Norton her 
name appears as Dinah. It is not known 
on which of the early ships conveying 
immigrants from England to New Eng- 
land the Coffin family took passage, but 
it is generally believed that it was the 
same ship that brought Robert Clement, 
the immigrant, who owned the ships 
"Hector," "Griffin," "Job Clement," and 
"Mary Clement," and if Robert Clement, 
the immigrant, took passage on one of 
his own ships, Tristram Coffin, the im- 
migrant, was a passenger in the same 
ship, and both men settled in Haverhill 
in 1642. The early settlers of Salisbury, 
which town was established October 7, 
1640, commenced a settlement at Pen- 
tucket the same year, and the Indian 
deed for this land was witnessed by Tris- 
tram Coffin in 1642, and in 1643 he re- 
moved to the place which was established 
as the town of Haverhill, Norfolk county, 
Massachusetts Bay Colony. He settled 
near Robert Clement. Tradition has it 
that Tristram Coffin was the first man to 



plow land in the town of Haverhill, he 
constructing his own plow. He changed 
his residence to the "Rocks" in the fol- 
lowing year, and in 1648-49 removed to 
Newbury where he kept an ordinary and 
sold wine and liquors and kept the New- 
bury side of Carr's Ferry. In September, 

1643. his wife Dionis was prosecuted for 
selling beer for three-pence per quart, 
while the regular price was but two- 
pence, but she proved that she had put 
six bushels of malt into the hogshead 
while the law only required the use of 
four bushels, and she was discharged. 
He returned to Salisbury and was com- 
missioner of the town, and while living 
there purchased or planned the purchase 
of the island of Nantucket, where he with 
his associates removed on account of 
religious persecution. At least Thomas 
Macy, who was the pioneer settler on 
Nantucket Island, "fled from the officers 
of the law and sold his property and home 
rather than submit to tyranny, which 
punished a man for being hospitable to 
strangers in the rainstorm even though 
the strangers be Quakers." Mr. Macy re- 
turned to Salisbury and resided there in 

1644, and when he left he sold his house 
and lands and so the story of his fleeing 
from persecution would seem to be 
spoiled and history perhaps gives the true 
reason for his migration, the search for a 
milder climate and better opportunities 
for cultivating the soil. Early in 1654 
Tristram Coffin took Peter Folger, the 
grandfather of Benjamin Franklin, at the 
time living in Martha's Vineyard, as an 
interpreter of the Indian language, and 
proceeded to Nantucket to ascertain the 
"temper and disposition of the Indians 
and the capabilities of the island, that 
he might report to the citizens of Salis- 
bury what inducements were ofTered 
emigrants." A grant of the island had 
been given to Thomas Mayhew by Wil- 



254 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Ham Earl, of Sterling, and recorded in 
the secretary's office of the State of New 
York, July 2, 1659. Thomas Alayhew 
deeded the island to Tristram Coffin, 
Richard Swain, Peter Coffin, Stephen 
Greenleaf, William Pike, Thomas Macy, 
Thomas Barnard, Christopher Hussey, 
John Swain, retaining an interest of one- 
twentieth for himself, the consideration 
being "thirty pounds and two beaver hats, 
one for myself and one for my wife." 
Later the same parties purchased from 
one Wanackmamak, head sachem of 
Nantucket, a large part of their lands, 
consideration forty pounds. James Cof- 
fin accompanied Thomas Macy and 
family, Edward Starbuck and Isaac Cole- 
man to the island later the same year, and 
they all took up their residence there. 
The Coffin family that settled at Nan- 
tucket included Tristram, Sr., James, 
Mary, John and Stephen, each the head 
of a family. Tristram Coffin was thirty- 
seven years old when he arrived in Amer- 
ica, and fifty-five years old at the time 
of his removal to Nantucket, and during 
the first year of his residence he was the 
richest proprietor. The property of his 
son Peter is said soon after to have ex- 
ceeded in value that of the original pro- 
prietor, the family together owning 
about one-fourth of the island and the 
whole of Tuckernock. On June 29, 1671, 
Francis Lovelace, Governor of New 
York, granted a commission to Tristram 
Coffin to be chief magistrate on and over 
the island of Nantucket and Tuck- 
anuckett (Deeds III, secretary's office, 
Albany, New York). At the same time 
Thomas Mayhew was appointed the chief 
magistrate of Martha's Vineyard through 
commissions signed by Governor Love- 
lace, of New York, bearing date June 29, 
1671, and the two chief magistrates, to- 
gether with two assistants for each island, 
constituted a general court, with appel- 



lative jurisdiction over both islands. The 
appointment was made by Governor 
Francis Lovelace, of New York, and his 
second commission, September 16, 1677, 
was signed by Edward Andros, governor- 
general of the province of New York. 
Tristram, when he died, left his widow 
Dionis, seven children, sixty grandchil- 
dren, and a number of great-grandchil- 
dren, and in 1728 there had been born to 
him one thousand five hundred and 
eighty-two descendants, of whom one 
thousand one hundred and twenty-eight 
were living. He married Dionis (the 
diminutive for Dionysia and afterwards 
written Dionys), daughter of Robert 
Stevens, of Brixton, England. Children, 
first five born in England : Hon. Peter, 
1631, died in Exeter, New Hampshire, 
March 2, 1715; Tristram, 1632, died in 
Newbury, February 4, 1704; Elizabeth, 
married in Newbury, November 13, 165 1, 
Captain Stephen Greenleaf, died Novem- 
ber 29, 1678; James, mentioned below; 
John, died in Haverhill, October 30, 1642; 
Deborah, November 15, 1643, in Haver- 
hill, died there December 8, 1643; Mary, 
February 20, 1645, in Haverhill, married 
Nathaniel Starbuck and was the mother 
of the first white child born in Nantucket, 
died there September 13, 1717; John, 
mentioned below; Stephen, May 11, 1652, 
in Newbury, died in Nantucket, May 18, 

1734- 

(V) James, third son of Tristram (2) 
and Dionis (Stevens) Coffin, was born 
1640, in England, and died at Nantucket, 
July 28, 1720, aged eighty years. He 
came to Nantucket with the first settlers, 
but subsequently removed to Dover, New 
Hampshire, where he resided in 1668, 
being a member of the church there in 
1671 and the same year. May 31, he was 
there made a freeman. Soon after this 
date, however, he returned to Nantucket 
and resided there until his death. He 



255 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



filled several important public positions 
at Nantucket, among them judge of the 
probate court. The first records of the 
probate office are under his administra- 
tion. He was the father of fourteen 
children, all of whom except two grew 
to maturity and married. From him 
have descended perhaps the most remark- 
able representatives of the Coffin family, 
as doubtless the most numerous and gen- 
erally scattered. This branch furnished 
the family that remained on the side of 
Great Britain in the Revolution and 
General John Coffin, as well, rendered 
service against the colonies. Sir Isaac 
Coffin, brother of General John Coffin, 
did not take an active part in the War of 
the Revolution against the colonies. He 
was in the British navy at the breaking 
out of the war, and at his own request 
was assigned to service in the Alediter- 
ranean, that he might not have to fight 
against his own kindred. Although the 
highest honors had been conferred on 
him in the Spanish navy, and he had been 
chosen a member of parliament, he cher- 
ished a regard for the land of his nativity. 
In 1826 he visited Boston and Nantucket, 
and was honorably and hospitably re- 
ceived. Harvard University conferred on 
him the honorary degree of Master of 
Arts. At Nantucket he founded a school, 
chiefly in the interest of the Cofiin family. 
The land on which the school stands was 
given by Gorham Coffin, who was one of 
the trustees, and had been the site of the 
residence of his father, Abner Coffin. 
The school is still in existence, and at the 
present time is a Mechanical Training 
School for the inhabitants of the island. 
One of the most distinguished women 
that America has produced, Lucretia 
Mott, was also descended from this line, 
her father, Thomas Coffin, being the sev- 
enteenth child of Benjamin, and not the 
youngest either. James Coffin married. 



December 3, 1663, Mary, daughter of 
John and Abigail Severance, of Salisbury,' 
Massachusetts. Children : Mary, James, 
Nathaniel, John, Dinah, Deborah, Ebe- 
nezer, Joseph, Elizabeth, Benjamin, Ruth, 
Abigail, Experience, Jonathan. 

(VIj Nathaniel, son of James and 
Mary (Severance) Coffin, was born 1671, 
in Dover, New Hampshire, and died Au- 
gust 29, 1721. He married, October 17, 
1692, Damaris, born October 24. 1673, 
died September 6, 1764, daughter of Wil- 
liam and Dorcas (Starbuck) Gayer, of 
Nantucket. William Gayer was a master 
mariner. He was many times selectman, 
magistrate and assessor, and his penman- 
ship is a model. He came from the 
nobility of England, and was one of 
twenty-nine families, among the thou- 
sands that came from Great Britain to 
New England, entitled to bring armorial 
bearings with them. In his will, probated 
October 24, 1710, he gave "To his house- 
keeper Patience Foot, a house and land 
for life, and to Africa, a negro, once my 
servant, the last chamber of my now 
dwelling house and one-half of the leanto 
for life." The estate of Damaris Coffin 
amounted to nine hundred and twelve 
pounds, including silver tankard, cup and 
spoons, that were given to her children. 
Children, born at Nantucket : Dorcas, 
July 22, 1693 ; Christian, April 8, 1695 ; 
Lydia, May 16, 1697; William, December 
I, 1699; Charles, January i, 1702; Ben- 
jamin, April 3, 1705; Gayer, May 24, 
1709; Nathaniel, mentioned below; Cath- 
erine, June 15, 1715. 

(VII) Nathaniel (2), youngest son of 
Nathaniel (i) and Damaris (Gayer) 
Coffin, was born July 6, 171 1, died June 
10, 1800. He married Mary Sheffield, 
daughter of James and Katherine (Chap- 
man) Sheffield, of Newport, Rhode 
Island, born 1716, died 1778. Children: 
Catherine, born July 30, 1737. married 



256 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Joshua, son of James Coffin, died May i6, 
1812; Nathaniel, about 1739, married 
Phebe, daughter of Tristram Coffin, died 
December 23, 1827; Sheffield, February 
24, 1741, married Elizabeth Barnard, 
daughter of Matthew Barnard, died at 
Hudson, II mo., 1798; James, Septem- 
ber 13, 1743; Samuel, mentioned be- 
low; Walter, October 20, 1748, married 
Polly Gardner in Newport, Rhode Island, 
died 1785; IMatthew, May 20, 1751, mar- 
ried Matilda Coffin, daughter of Joseph 
and Judith Coffin, killed by a whale in 
1788; Obadiah, October 31, 1757, married 
Mary Rogers, of Cape Cod, died Septem- 
ber 26, 1821 ; Lettice, November 18, 1766, 
married Reuben, son of Alexander Ray, 
died May 24, 1812; Gayer, Elihu and 
George, died young. 

(VIII) Samuel, fourth son of Na- 
thaniel (2) and Mary (Sheffield) Coffin, 
was born February 25, 1745, in Nan- 
tucket, where he spent his life, was a 
shoemaker, and died February 5, 1809. 
He married Eunice Folger, born June 4, 
1754, died May 7, 1838, daughter of 
Peter and Christian (Swain) Folger. 
The date of their marriage is not given, 
but it was probably about 1774, as at 
that time he was disowned from the 
Quaker church, probably for marrying 
"out of meeting." Children : Ariel, born 
June 7, 1775, married Priscilla Fosdick, 
daughter of Benjamin, and (second) 
Judith Coffin, daughter of Benjamin, died 
May 27, 1861 ; Mary, died unmarried; 
Anna, June 21, 1780. married, as his 
second wife, Obed Clark, died August 10, 
1854; Eunice, married, as his first wife, 
Obed Clark: Rebecca, July 22, 1782, mar- 
ried Barzillai, son of Benjamin Coffin, 
died February 8, 1841 ; Alexander, Au- 
gust 22, 1790, married Lydia, daughter of 
Peter Myrick, died at Ravenna, Ohio, 
December 7, 1870; Reuben F., mentioned 
below; John Gayer, August 11, 1795, 



married Rebecca, daughter of Obed Joy, 
died at sea, July 15, 1831. 

(IX) Reuben F., third son of Samuel 
and Eunice (Folger) Coffin, was born 
March 18, 1793, in Nantucket, and fol- 
lowed a sea-faring life, becoming master 
of whaling vessels sailing out of New 
Bedford and other ports on the Massa- 
chusetts coast. He made his home in 
Nantucket, and died there August i, 1856. 
He married, July 30, 1817, Susan Barnard, 
born October 6, 1795, died in Nantucket, 
January 24, 1874. Children : Sarah B., 
born September 18, 1820, married (first) 
Captain Stephen Arthur, (second) Cap- 
tain William Wood, and died in Provi- 
dence, April 9, 1885 ; Peter F., November 
14, 1823, died in San Francisco, Cali- 
fornia ; John G., mentioned below. 

(X) John G., second son of Reuben F. 
and Susan (Barnard) Coffin, was born 
November 10, 1831, in Nantucket, where 
he was educated, and where he remained 
until sixteen years old. He then went to 
Manchester, New Hampshire, where he 
learned the trade of machinist, and con- 
tinued there until 1849, when he removed 
to Taunton, Massachusetts, where he was 
employed in the Mason Machine Works 
until 1854, where he became a locomotive 
engineer on the New Bedford & Taunton 
railroad in the Old Colony system. Sub- 
sequently he was employed on the Bos- 
ton, Fitchburg & Clinton railroad, and 
later on the Boston & Providence rail- 
road, all now a part of the New York, 
New Haven & Hartford railroad system. 
For more than half a century he con- 
tinued in the active service of this great 
railroad system, and in 1906 was retired 
with a pension for faithful service. He is 
a man of strong physique and his temper- 
ate life has preserved all his faculties. 
Mr. Coffin is one of the oldest Masons in 
Taunton, having joined the order in 1853. 
He is now tenderly cared for by a niece 



MASS-VoI III— 17 



257 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and granddaughter, to whom he is much 
devoted. He married, December 21, 1854, 
jMehitable S. Hook, born in Chichester, 
New Hampshire, a daughter of Lovett 
and Sally (Prescott) Hook. She died at 
her home in Taunton, December 19, 1915, 
after sixty-one years of happy married 
life, and was buried in the Mayflower Hill 
Cemetery at Taunton. 

(XI) Fannie B., only child of John G. 
and Mehitable (Hook) Coffin, was mar- 
ried, February 20, 1879, to William C. 
Shaw, of New Bedford, and died Decem- 
ber 27, 1915, at her home in Taunton, a 
week after the death of her mother, and 
is buried in the same cemetery (see Shaw 
VIII). 

(V) John, fifth son of Tristram (2) 
and Dionis (Stevens) Coffin, was born 
October 30, 1647, in Haverhill, Massa- 
chusetts, resided in Nantucket, and died 
at Edgartown, Martha's Vineyard, Sep- 
tember 5, 171 1. He married Deborah, 
daughter of Joseph and Sarah (Starbuck) 
Austin, who died February 4, 1718, in 
Nantucket. Children : Lydia, born June 
I, 1669; Peter, August 5, 1671 ; John, 
February 10, 1674; Love, April 23, 1676 
Enoch, 1678; Samuel, mentioned below 
Hannah, married Benjamin Gardner 
Tristram, died January 29, 1763; De- 
borah, married Thomas Macy; Elizabeth. 

(VI) Samuel, fourth son of John and 
Deborah (Austin) Coffin, was born De- 
cember 12, 1680, and died February 22, 
1764, in Nantucket. He married, 1705, 
Miriam, daughter of Richard, Jr., and 
Mary (Austin) Gardner. 

(VII) David, son of Samuel and 
Miriam (Gardner) Coffin, was born Au- 
gust 25, 1718, and died May 5, 1804. He 
married, by Friend's service, 12 mo., 
1741, Ruth Coleman, daughter of Elihu 
and Jemima Coleman. 

(VIII) Elihu, son of David and Ruth 
(Coleman) Coffin, was born December 8, 
1748, and died July 2, 1818. He married 



Eunice Folger, daughter of Benjamin and 
Judith Folger. 

(IX) Eunice, daughter of Elihu and 
Eunice (Folger) Coffin, born January 5, 
1791, became the wife of Tristram Cole- 
man (see Coleman VI). 

(The Maxfield Line). 

(I) John Maxfield was in Salisbury, 
Massachusetts, as early as 1652, in which 
year he was taxed there. Two years 
later he purchased a right in commonage 
and in 1667 subscribed to the oath of 
fidelity. He was in Salisbury as late as 
1675, appeared in Amesbury in 1669, and 
may have been in Gloucester in 1679. 

(II) John (2) Maxfield, undoubtedly son 
of John (i), resided in Salisbury, where 
both he and his wife Elizabeth signed the 
Bradbury petition in 1692. He died sud- 
denly December 10, 1703. Children: 
John, born October 23, 1680; Timothy, 
mentioned below; Mary, January 10, 
1685; Margery, November 5, 1686; Na- 
thaniel, March I, 1689; Joseph, March 4, 
1692; Elizabeth, January 18, 1695; Wil- 
liam, September 4, 1699. 

(III) Timothy, second son of John 
(2) and Elizabeth Maxfield, was born in 
October, 1682, in Salisbury, and settled 
in Dartmouth, Massachusetts, very soon 
after attaining his majority. He married 
there, January 15, 1707, Judith Sherman. 
He had a second wife Elizabeth. Chil- 
dren: Edmund, died November 23, 1708; 
Timothy, mentioned below ; Abiah, born 
August 17, 1710; Elizabeth, August 23, 
1713. married Samuel Potter, Jr.; Mary, 
August 22, 1716; Dorcas, August 30, 
1719; Lydia, October 27, 1721 ; John, 
August 16, 1726. 

(IV) Timothy (2), second son of Tim- 
othy (i) and Judith (Sherman) Max- 
field, was born September 12, 1708, in 
Dartmouth, where he made his home. 
He married there (first) December 19, 
1734, Patience Drinkwater, and (second) 



258 




/ 





^ 




0^-Cy<i-r<^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



January 8, 1740, Elizabeth Sherman. 
Children of first marriage : Elizabeth, 
born January 6, 1736, married William 
Tripp; Edmund, mentioned below; 
Lydia, August 7, 1739, married Daniel 
Sherman ; of second marriage : Zadock, 
October 2j, 1740; Patrick, September 28, 
1741 ; Timothy, June 8, 1745; Patience, 
July 12, 1752, married Jonathan Sher- 
man; Thomas, January 14, 1754. 

(V) Edmund, son of Timothy (2) and 
Patience (Drinkwater) Maxfield, was 
born January i, 1737, and died November 
27, 1821, aged eighty-five years. He mar- 
ried, September 5, 1766, Rachel Russell, 
daughter of Abraham and Dianah Rus- 
sell. Children; Zadock, born March 23, 
1767; David, mentioned below; Jonathan, 
February 19, 1773; Seth, December 2, 
1775; Abraham R., July 7, 1778; Abigail, 
March 26, 1782. 

(V'D David, second son of Edmund 
and Rachel (Russell) Maxfield, was born 
June 15, 1769, and died December 29, 
1828, at New Bedford, aged fifty-nine 
years. He married, June 3, 1793, Mary 
Soule, born in Westport, Massachusetts, 
died April 18, 1815. Children: Ruth, 
born March 29, 1795, married Abner 
Cornell; Patience, December 11, 1796; 
Silvia, April 15, 1798; Abigail, December 
26, 1799; Joseph, August 15, 1803; 
Almira, October 8, 1805; William, Feb- 
ruary 22, 1807; Allen Russell, February 
20, 1810; Mary, mentioned below; Rachel 
and Susan (twins), October 10, 1814. 

(VII) Mary, sixth daughter of David 
and Mary (Soule) Maxfield, was born 
April 10, 1812, in New Bedford, and mar- 
ried Frederick P. Shaw, of New Bedford 
(see Shaw VII). 



NICHOLS, Charles, 

Mannfactnrer. 

Richard Nichols, the immigrant ances- 
tor, was born in England, settled first at 



Ipswich, Massachusetts, was admitted a 
freeman in 1638, and was one of Major 
Denison's subscribers in 1648. PI is nam.e 
appears in the General Court records as 
early as 1640. He bought of Edward 
Bragg an acre and a half of land, March 
21, 1658, on the south side of the river, 
on the highway leading to Chebacco. His 
farm, in the south part of Reading, 
whither he moved, was afterward known 
as Lambert Place. His wife Annis was 
admitted to the church at Reading from 
the Ipswich church in 1666. He died at 
Reading, November 22, 1674, and his 
wife Annis (Agnes) in 1692. His will 
was dated November 19, and proved De- 
cember II, 1674. He bequeathed to wife 
Annis (Agnes or Ann) ; sons John, Thom- 
as and James, and daughters Mary and 
Hannah. Children : John, his father's 
executor, born about 165 1, married 
Abigail Kendall, daughter of Thomas 
Kendall, both died in 1721 ; Thomas, born 
about 1655 ; James, July 25, 1658, at 
Ipswich, married, 1682, Mary Poole; 
Mary; Joanna or Hannah, November 26, 
1660, at Ipswich; Richard, mentioned 
below. 

(II) Richard (2) Nichols, son of 
Richard (i) and Annis Nichols, was born 
about 1675, and died April 5, 1732, in the 
west parish of Reading. He married, 
November 26, 1706, Abigail Damon, born 
February 23, 1689, in Reading, daughter 
of Samuel and Mary Damon. They had 
children: Abigail, born 1708; John, 
mentioned below; Mary, March 30, 1713; 
Richard, April 10, 1715; Joshua, August 
7, 1718; Hephzibah, February 28, 1721 ; 
Mehitable, March 23, 1723; Jacob, Au- 
gust 21, 1726. 

(III) John Nichols, eldest child of 
Richard (2) and Abigail (Damon) 
Nichols, was born March 22, 1711, in 
Reading, and lived in that town, where 
he died November 21, 1774. He married, 
May 24, 1733, in Reading, Johanna 

259 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Nichols, born there May 12, 1710, daugh- 
ter of James and Johanna (Lamson) 
Nichols. Their children were : Hannah, 
born March 23, 1734; John, September 2, 
1736; Abigail, August i, 1738; David, 
mentioned below; Kendall, May 17, 1743 ; 
Simon, August 2, 1745 ; William, August 

15. 1747- 

(IV) David Nichols, second son of 
John and Johanna (Nichols) Nichols, was 
born Alarch 7, 1741, in Reading, and 
lived in Westminster, Massachusetts, 
where he died at the age of fifty years. 
He married (first) in Reading, Novem- 
ber 23, 1763, Rachel Burnap, born June 
6, 1745, in that down, daughter of Isaac 
and Susannah (Emerson) Burnap. Chil- 
dren: David, mentioned below; Kendall, 
born July 5, 1768; Rebecca, July 4, 1770; 
Mary, May 5, 1773; Isaac, September 20, 
1774; Asa, May 15, 1779; Sarah, June 
21, 1781 ; Edmund, March 16, 1784. 
David Nichols married (second) Rhoda 
Furbush, who bore him one child, John. 

(V) David (2) Nichols, eldest child of 
David (i) and Rachel (Burnap) Nichols, 
was born February 2, 1766, in West- 
minster, and lived in Gardner. He mar- 
ried, December 4, 1788, Rachel Howard, 
born May 7, 1765, in that town, daughter 
of Nathan and Lydia (Lynde) Howard, 
formerly of Maiden, Massachusetts. Chil- 
dren : Lydia, born April 26, 1790; David, 
February 13, 1791 ; Betsey, February 10, 
1793 ; Isaac, July 29, 1795 ; Nathan, March 
II, 1797; Rebecca, July 7, 1799; Edmund, 
mentioned below ; Amos, August 27, 
1804; Elvira, December 3, 1806; Emily 
E., July 21, 1809; Charles, September 5, 
1811. 

(VI) Edmund Nichols, fourth son of 
David (2) and Rachel (Howard) Nichols, 
was born August 29, 1801, in Gardner, 
Massachusetts, and resided in West- 
minster, where, in middle life, he pur- 
chased a farm in the western part of the 



central village, subsequently occupied by 
his son. He was a farmer and chair- 
maker, and dealt largely in real estate ; an 
enterprising, shrewd and successful busi- 
ness man. He married, July 29, 1823, 
Mary Derby, daughter of Ezra and Ruth 
(Puffer) Derby, who was born January 
17, 1804, in Westminster, and died there 
April 29, 1870. Their children were : 
Augustus E., born February 19, 1824, died 
in Westminster ; P^ederick, born October 
30, 1825, died in Westminster; Mary A., 
born March 3, 1827, married James M. 
Clark, and died in Westminster; Francis, 
born September 11, 1829, served in the 
Civil War, died in Westminster ; Caro- 
line, born July 30, 1832, married Thomas 
Greenwood ; Lucy, born September 20, 
1835, became the second wife of James 
M. Clark ; Lyman, born January 29, 1839, 
died in East Princeton, Massachusetts ; 
George, born August 10, 1841, served in 
the Civil War, and died in Westminster ; 
Clara A., born March 5, 1844, married 
John R. Conant, of Gardner ; Charles, 
mentioned below; and Alarcus AI., born 
June 27, 1849, now living in Leominster, 
Massachusetts. 

(VII) Charles Nichols, son of Edmund 
and Mary (Derby) Nichols, was born 
July 4, 1847, in Westminster, Massachu- 
setts, acquiring his early education in the 
district schools of his native town. Early 
in life he engaged in the manufacture of 
chairs, and for a number of years was en- 
gaged in the business in the western part 
of the central village of his native town, 
in partnership with his younger brother, 
Marcus M. Nichols, under the firm name 
of Nichols Brothers. In August, 1881, 
their plant was destroyed by fire, but was 
rebuilt, and they continued engaged in 
manufacturing chairs in that town until 
1892, when they removed the business to 
Gardner, Massachusetts. In 1894, Mr. 
Nichols dissolved partnership with his 



260 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



brother, and subsequently became the 
senior partner of the firm of Nichols & 
Stone, chair manufacturers of Gardner. 
This well-known concern employs about 
two hundred persons, and is engaged in 
the manufacture of chairs of all kinds. 
In 1907, this firm's plant was visited by a 
fire, which resulted in a loss of $75,000, 
the destroyed plant being replaced by the 
present up-to-date and enlarged factory. 
While residing in his native town, Mr. 
Nichols served for several years as a 
member of the board of selectmen, and 
for some years was vice-president of the 
Westminster Bank, formerly of West- 
minster, but now of Gardner. Mr. 
Nichols is a valued and active member of 
the Masonic brotherhood, holding mem- 
bership in Charles W. Moore Lodge, of 
Fitchburg; Gardner Chapter, Royal Arch 
Masons, and Ivanhoe Commandery, No. 
46, Knights Templar, of Gardner, and 
Aleppo Temple, Order of the Mystic 
Shrine, of Boston. In political faith, Mr. 
Nichols has ahvays been a stalwart 
adherent of the principles of the Repub- 
lican party. He affiliates with the 
Unitarian church in religious belief. On 
December 10, 1S71, Mr. Nichols was 
united in marriage to Alice A., daughter 
of Timothy and Eunice (Lord) Brown, 
who was born March 29, 1849, in West- 
minster, and passed away in Gardner, 
November 24, 1901, and is buried at West- 
minster (see Brown VIII). To Mr. and 
Mrs. Nichols were born the following 
children : i. Mary Alice, born August 26, 
1873, died in Westminster; she married 
Frank W. Fenno, of Westminster, and 
had six children, namely: Doris, Thad- 
deus, Alice, Barbara, Franklin and 
Charles. 2. Abbie Brown, born Decem- 
ber 26, 1875, married Charles A. Ray- 
mond, and they reside in Melrose, Massa- 
chusetts, the parents of two children, 
Dorothy and Lawrence. 3. Louis Charles, 



born December 28, 1877, residing at Wau- 
watosa, a suburb of Milwaukee, Wiscon- 
sin ; he married Marguerite Whittaker, of 
Cincinnati, Ohio. 4. Arthur Eugene, 
born May 28, 1880, died May 26, 1889. 
5. Edmund Lord, born February 11, 1890, 
residing in Gardner; he married IMaud 
Carlton, and they have two children, 
Carlton and Alice Nichols. 

(The Brown Line). 

(I) Edward Browne was a resident of 
Inkburrow, Worcestershire, England. 
His wife was Jane Side, daughter of 
Thomas Side. They lived and died in the 
parish of Inkburrow, and there is no 
doubt that the son next mentioned was 
born there. 

(II) Nicholas Brown, son of Edward 
and Jane (Side) Browne, was in Lynn, 
Massachusetts, before 1638, and the name 
of his son John appears in the Indian 
deed of Lynn as "ye Worshipful Mr. 
Brown." The latter was sent to England 
in 1660 by his father to look after the 
estate of Thomas Side, which Nicholas 
Brown had inherited. Nicholas Brown 
was a mariner in early life, and settled at 
the northwest of Sadler's Rock, in what 
is now Saugus, then Lynn, where he was 
granted two hundred and ten acres by 
the town, situated on the river. North of 
his land was the Wigwam Meadow. He 
owned two hundred acres in Reading and 
three hundred and twenty-seven acres on 
the north side of Ipswich river. He was 
admitted a freeman in Lynn, September 
7, 1638. and was deputy to the General 
Court from that town in 1641. After the 
town of Reading was set off from Lynn, 
in 1644, he resided in the former town, 
where he was a leading citizen, and was 
deputy to the General Court in 1655-56 
and 1661, during which years he was also 
selectman. In 1640 he was appointed 
commissioner to hear small causes, the 



261 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



title at that time of a local magistrate. 
With his wife Elizabeth and children, he 
was dismissed from the Lynn church to 
the Reading church, February 6, 1663. 
He died April 5, 1673, and was survived 
by his wife, who died November i of the 
following year. Children: John; Ed- 
ward, born August 15, 1640; Joseph, De- 
cember 10, 1647; Cornelius; Sarah, June 

6, 1650; Elizabeth; Josiah, mentioned 
below. 

(III) Josiah Brown, son of Nicholas 
and Elizabeth Brown, was born about 
1654, in Lynn, and resided near the border 
of Reading, where he died January 29, 
1691. He married, February 23, 1667, 
Mary Fellows. Children: John, born 
January 11, 1668; Josiah, died young; 
Elizabeth, June 27, 1671 ; Mary, June 3, 
1673 ; Josiah, mentioned below ; Ebenezer, 
June 26, 1682; Jonathan, Alarch i, 1684; 
Phebe, May 13, 1688. 

(IV) Josiah (2) Brown, third son of 
Josiah (i) and Mary (Fellows) Brown, 
was born November 19, 1675, and died 
August 14, 1754, in Reading. He mar- 
ried, December 19, 1700, Susannah Good- 
win, born October 23, 1681, daughter of 
Nathaniel and Susannah Goodwin, of 
Reading. Children, recorded in Reading: 
Nathaniel, born April 19, 1706; Jacob, 
May 6, 1708; Ephraim, May 23, 1711; 
Susannah, February 15, 1713: Abiel, July 

7, 1715; Hannah and Huldah (twins), 
June 3, 1717; Jonathan, mentioned below. 

(V) Jonathan Brown, youngest son of 
Josiah (2) and Susannah (Goodwin) 
Brown, was born June 26, 1720, in Read- 
ing, in which town he lived, removing 
elsewhere in old age, as his death is not 
recorded there. He married, September 
2, 1740, in Stoneham, Mehitable Hay, 
born 1718, daughter of James and Mehit- 
able (Sprague) Hay, of Charlestown, 
Massachusetts. James Hay was a mer- 
chant of Charlestown, where he was 



admitted to the church, December 21, 
1766, in old age. He was born December 
3, 1690, in Lynn, son of Patrick and Mary 
(Kibby) Hay. He married (first) Janu- 
ary 22, 1713, Mehitable Sprague, born 
1694, daughter of Samuel and Sarah 
Sprague, of Charlestown, and grand- 
daughter of Samuel Sprague, of Maiden. 

(VI) Jonathan (2) Brown, eldest child 
of Jonathan (i) and Alehitable (Hay) 
Brown, was born July 23, 1741, in Read- 
ing, and may have lived for a short time 
in Leominster, Massachusetts. He settled 
in Westminster, that colony, before 1764, 
in v;-hich year he first appears on the tax 
list. In 1769 a public school was kept in 
his house. He purchased lot No. 105 of 
Westminster, January 3, 1771, which 
property was long established as the 
Brown Estate, and there died March 14, 
1821. The history of Westminster states 
that he married Huldah Hawkes, in Leo- 
minster, but the marriage is not recorded 
in that town nor her birth. According to 
her age at death, she was born 1742 and 
died January I, 1818, in Westminster. 
Children : Jonathan, born August 30, 
1765; Benjamin, mentioned below; Jo- 
seph, died young; Huldah, October 18, 
1773; Sally, December 14, 1778; Joseph, 
October 13, 1780; John, March 13, 1785. 

(VII) Benjamin Brown, second son of 
Jonathan (2) and Huldah (Hawkes) 
Brown, was born March 9, 1769, in West- 
minster, and died there June 24, 1802, at 
the age of thirty-three years. The records 
of the town show nothing concerning 
him, and he probably resided on the 
paternal farm. He married, January 25, 
1796, Jemima, daughter of Edward and 
Jemima (Trowbridge) Jackson, born 
September 15, 1771, in Westminster, died 
there June 24, 1802, in her thirty-third 
year. Children : Timothy, died young ; 
Benjamin, born January 14, 1799; Timo- 
thy, mentioned below. 



262 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(VIII) Timothy Brown, third son of 
Benjamin and Jemima (Jackson) Brown, 
was born December 9. iSoo, in West- 
minster, was a merchant for several years 
in Boston and Baltimore, but returned to 
his native town and settled on a farm in 
the eastern part, later removing to the 
centre of the town, where he died April 
4, 1878. He married (first) December 9, 
1828, Abigail Hoar Stearns, born April 17, 
1807, in Leominster, daughter of Timo- 
thy and Polly (Kendall) Stearns, died 
January 10, 1838, leaving two sons, Tim- 
othy Stearns and Theodore, both now de- 
ceased. He married (second) March 15, 
1842, Eunice Lord, born April 22, 1814, 
of Westmoreland, New Hampshire, who 
survived him. She died January 2, 1898, 
in Gardner, Massachusetts. Children of 
first marriage: i. Timothy Stearns, born 
January 7, 1830. 2. Theodore, born Au- 
gust 5, 1833. Of second marriage : 3. 
Charles, born December 27, 1843, died 
young, in Baltimore, Maryland. 4. 
Eugene, born April 21, 1845, died in Oak- 
land, California, November 10, 1909. 5. 
Alice A., mentioned below. 6. Abbie S., 
born April 21, 1852, unmarried. 

(IX) Alice A. Brown, daughter of 
Timothy Brown and his second wife, 
Eunice (Lord) Brown, was born March 
29, 1849, in W'estminster, and became the 
wife of Charles Nichols, of Westminster 
(see Nichols VII). 



SHUMWAY, Herbert H., 

Prominent Manufacturer. 

The Shumways are a French family 
and doubtless of the Protestant sect of 
Huguenots. Some writers have said that 
originally the name was Chamois or 
Charmois. In the ancient records of 
Essex county, Massachusetts, the name 
is frequently found written Shamway. 
Dr. Baird is authority for the statement 



that a "Protestant family named Chamois 
is mentioned in a list of fugitives from the 
neighborhood of St. Maixent in the old 
province of Poitou, France, at the time 
of the revocation of the edict of Nantes." 

(I) Peter Shumway was settled in 
Topsfield, Massachusetts, as early as the 
year 1660, and it is believed that he was 
in this country at least ten years previous 
to that time, or about the middle of the 
seventeenth century. He was a soldier of 
King Philip's W'ar and is said to have 
been present at the taking of the fort in 
the memorable swamp fight of December 
19, 1675, in the country of the Narragan- 
setts. On account of his services in that 
war his son afterward petitioned for a 
grant of land. Peter Shumway came into 
this country at the same time that Peter 
Faueuil and other French Huguenots 
came, and he lived for a time at Salem 
Village (now Danvers), Massachusetts, 
previous to his removal to Oxford, Mas- 
sachusetts, where a few years afterward 
his son was a settler. The baptismal 
name of his wife was Frances, and by her 
he had three children : Peter, mentioned 
below; Dorcas, born October 16, 1683, at 
Topsfield, married Valentine Butler ; Jo- 
seph, October 13, 1686, at Topsfield. 

(II) Peter (2), son of Peter (i) and 
Frances Shumway, was born June 6, 1678, 
in Topsfield, settled in Oxford, not how- 
ever with the original settlers and pro- 
prietors of that town, but on the land 
right of Joshua Chandler, which he 
bought January 13, 1713. His home lot 
in Oxford included that now or quite re- 
cently owned by Josiah Russell. His 
family has since been one of the best 
known and most highly respected in that 
region. He married (first) February 11, 
1701, then of Boxford, Maria Smith, of 
that town, probably daughter of Samuel 
and Mary Smith, of Boston, born July 29, 
1683, who died January 17, 1739. It is 



263 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



said that her father built the third house 
having a cellar in the city of Boston. 
Peter Shumway married (second) Febru- 
ary 28, 1740, Mary Dana, daughter of Jo- 
seph and Mary (Gobel) Dana, of Con- 
cord, born February 28, 1689. Children, 
all of first marriage: Oliver, born June 8, 
1702, in Oxford; Jeremiah, baptized 
March 21, 1703, at Topsfield ; David, men- 
tioned below ; Mary, May 9, 1708, at 
Topsfield; Samuel, born March 6, 171 1, 
at Oxford; John, June 26, 1713, at Ox- 
ford; Jacob, March 10, 1717, at Oxford; 
Hepzibah, April i, 1720; Amos, January 
31, 1722. 

(III) David, third son of Peter (2) and 
Maria (Smith) Shumway, was baptized 
December 23, 1705, at Topsfield, and lived 
for some time in Oxford. In December, 
1733, he bought one-fiftieth part of the 
lands of Sturbridge and was one of the 
pioneers of that town as well as being one 
of the foremost men of that region. He 
died May 10, 1796. His first wife's name 
was Esther. He married (second) (inten- 
tions entered at Sturbridge, September 20, 
1751) Alice Ainsworth, of Woodstock, 
Connecticut, baptized June 20, 1727, 
daughter of Edward (2) and Joanna 
(Davis) Ainsworth, died January 12, 
1810, having survived her husband sev- 
eral years. He had a large family of thir- 
teen children, five by his first and eight 
by his second wife : Esther, born April 3, 
1736; Asa, October 16, 1739; Mary, June 
25, 1741 ; David, mentioned below; Solo- 
mon, April I, 1745; Cyril, May 4, 1752; 
Elijah, July 24, 1753; Alice, December 14, 
1754; Abigail, July 8, 1756: Lavinia, Au- 
gust 26, 1759; Chloe, November 4, 1761 ; 
Jemima, August 9, 1763; Danforth, July 
18, 1768. 

(IV) David (2), second son of David 
(i) and Esther Shumway, was born May 
12, 1742, in Sturbridge, and lived in 
Belchertown, Massachusetts, where he 



died in 1818. He was a soldier of the 
Revolution, serving as sergeant in a com- 
pany commanded by Lieutenant Aaron 
Phelps, of Colonel Elisha Porter's regi- 
ment, from July 9 to August 12, 1777, one 
month and nine days, in the northern de- 
partment, including one hundred and 
forty miles travel home. Another record 
without date allows him one hundred and 
sixty-six miles to and from camp, in Cap- 
tain Elijah Dwight's company, probably 
of minute-men. He married, June 28, 
1770, Rhoda Eddy, who died April 9, 1833, 
in Belchertown. Children : Mary, born 
May 2-j, 1771 \ Rhoda, April 5, 1773; 
David, May 24, 1775 ; Chester, March 4, 
1778; Anna, April 2j, 1780; Duty, Sep- 
tember I, 17S2; Eddy, October 11, 1784; 
Electa, September 3, 1786; Horatio, Sep- 
tember 27, 1788; Zebina, mentioned be- 
low; Samuel, March 24, 1793; Lucinda, 
August 30. 1795. 

(V) Zebina, sixth son of David (2) and 
Rhoda (Eddy) Shumway, was born Sep- 
tember 27. 1790, in Belchertown, where 
he made his home, and died in February, 
1837. He married, in 1S14, Philena 
Squares, born February 22. 1795. died in 
November, 1850. Children: Rufus Ly- 
man, born April 7, 1815: Lavinia Anna- 
ble, November 14, 1817; Harrison Hinck- 
ley, mentioned below ; Thomas Tracy, De- 
cember II, 1823. 

(VI) Harrison Hinckley, second son of 
Zebina and Philena (Squares) Shumway, 
was born January 7, 1819, in Belcher- 
town, and after a somewhat adventurous 
career died December 16, 1902. in Dighton, 
Massachusetts. He was educated in the 
public schools and Munson and Wilbra- 
ham academies, working during vacations 
as a weaver. He engaged in the wagon 
business at Belchertown for a short time, 
and joined the movement to California, 
in 1849, go'igr by way of Panama, spend- 
ing four months and sixteen days on the 



264 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



water. He was one of a party of twelve 
which sailed from Panama to Callao, 
Peru, in order to get a ship to San Fran- 
cisco. After arriving there he proceeded 
by sailboat and team to Mormon Island, 
where they began digging gold. This 
continued for some time with varying suc- 
cess, Mr. Shumway's first day being his 
best, when he dug out eighty-three dol- 
lars' worth. He subsequently bought and 
sold groceries and stores in San Fran- 
cisco, when he was compelled to abandon 
business by very severe illness. During 
this time he was obliged to pay thirty- 
two dollars per day for the care of a 
physician, which exhausted his means. 
A friend loaned him fifty dollars, and he 
went into the mountains and again en- 
gaged in gold digging. Subsequently he 
was for some time cook in a miners' 
boarding house, at a salary of one hun- 
dred and sixty dollars per month. In 
1854 he returned to Massachusetts, and 
thereafter resided in Dighton, where he 
was a member of the Baptist church. He 
married (first) Alarch 6, 1840, Mary L. 
Gates, of Ludlow, Massachusetts, born 
July 19, 1822, died April 27, 1842, with- 
out issue. He married (second) Septem- 
ber 14, 1841, Nancy Wellman, of Dana, 
Massachusetts, born August 28, 1818, died 
June 17, i860. He married (third) No- 
vember 13, i860, Catherine Nichols, born 
October 11, 1827, died in August, 1875. 
He married (fourth) Mrs. C. A. Cogswell, 
of Hudson, Michigan. Children of sec- 
ond wife: Henry, born May 6, 1845, died 
young; Henry Wayland, March 21, 1847, 
died 1849; James Myron, July 30, 1849; 
Mary Jane, May 17, 1855: Herbert Hart- 
well, mentioned below. Of third mar- 
riage: Frank, March 15, 1862; Adella 
Louise, August 4, 1863 ; Laura Ann, Feb- 
ruary 2, 1865 ; Henrietta Lavinia, July 7, 
1867; Harrison Lincoln, July 7, 1867. 
(VII) Herbert Hartwell, fourth son of 



Harrison H. and Nancy (Wellman) 
Shumway, was born March 23, 1857, in 
Palmer, Massachusetts, and is now a resi- 
dent of Taunton, same State. Most of 
his active life has been in connection with 
the operation of cotton mills, and from 
1882 to 1905 he was superintendent or 
general manager of mills in New Eng- 
land. In 1903-04 he was president of the 
Taunton Board of Trade. He is now 
president of the Atlas Buckram Company, 
of Taunton, of which he is the founder. 
He has been very active in the Masonic 
fraternity, in which he has attained the 
thirty-second degree. He married, Sep- 
tember 19, 1882, Flora Frances Palmer, 
born October 17, i860, in Norway, Maine. 
daughter of Alonzo S. and Philena G. 
(Lane) Palmer (see Palmer VII). Chil- 
dren : Alonzo Harrison, born October 20, 
1883, in Charleston, South Carolina, mar- 
ried, September 2, 1914, Mabel Josephine 
Strange, of Taunton ; Herbert Hartwell, 
May II, 1888, in Milltown, New Bruns- 
wick, married, July 10, 1911, Edna Ger- 
trude Robinson, and they have one daugh- 
ter, Rita Hartwell Shumway, born July 2, 
1912; Walter Palmer, July 20, 1892, in 
Fall River, Massachusetts, married, Octo- 
ber 16. 1913, Edna Jennie Busiere. 

(The Palmer Line). 

The English Crusaders, on returning 
from the Holy Land, often bore a palm 
branch, and from this fact came to be 
called "palmers." The presence of the 
palm branch denoted zeal in the cause of 
the Crusade, and often meant the bearer 
had shown steadfastness of purpose and 
unusual courage in rescuing from the 
Saracens the Holy Sepulchre. When the 
English began to assume surnames many 
took the name of Palmer, and several be- 
came members of the nobility of England. 
It is recorded that one Norman soldier of 
the name received knighthood for his high 



265 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



courage in single combat with the Sara- 
cens. In America, members of the family 
have continued to hold some of the most 
honorable positions in private and public 
station, and have been found in all walks 
of life. 

(I) Walter Palmer is thought to have 
emigrated from Nottinghamshire, Eng- 
land, and many authorities have stated he 
was a brother of Abraham, as they were 
found in Charlestown, in the Massachu- 
setts Bay Colony, about the same time, 
and their names many times appeared to- 
gether on the records. Both were made 
freemen there May 14, 1634, by authority 
of the general court of Massachusetts 
Bay. His possessions were listed in 1638, 
in what was called a true record of the 
houses and lands of the inhabitants of 
Charlestown. The two acres containing 
his dwelling house were in the "East 
Field," butting south on the Back street ; 
he also had considerable other arable land 
and cows. In 1637 he and his son John 
received their share of the division of land 
on the Mystic side, in which some land 
was saved for the accommodation of 
"after comers." In company with Wil- 
liam Cheeseborough, his lifelong friend, 
he agreed to prepare for a settlement to 
be called Seacuncke. which afterward be- 
came Rehoboth : this was thought to lie in 
Plymouth county, but was afterwards 
found to be in Bristol county. In 1645 
the name was changed to Rehoboth. 
About 1653 Walter Palmer bought land 
in the vicinity of what is now Stonington, 
Connecticut, and became the owner of 
about twelve hundred acres. For some 
time they attended worship in New Lon- 
don, but finally were able to organize a 
church in the new settlement, and on 
March 23, 1657, the first meeting was held 
in the house of Walter Palmer, afterwards 
in the houses of various others. They 
had supposed the settlement lay within 



Massachusetts, but it afterwards became 
part of Connecticut, and after consider- 
able discussion the boundary was deter- 
mined, part of the settlement being in 
Massachusetts and part in Connecticut. 
At the time Walter Palmer made his will, 
Stonington was under the jurisdiction of 
Suffolk county, Massachusetts, from 
which fact his will is now to be found 
in Boston. He died in Stonington, No- 
vember 19, 1661. After long search for 
his grave, it was finally located by his 
descendant, John Stanton Palmer, of 
Stonington, where a rude granite mono- 
lith had been erected in the remote past. 
It appears to have been transported to 
the site by oxen. He married in England, 
and his wife Ann was called Elizabeth to 
distinguish her from her mother ; she died 
in England. He married (second) prob- 
ably in Roxbury, Massachusetts, Rebecca 
Short, and they joined the First Church 
of Charlestown. Children by first mar- 
riage : Grace, John, William, Jonas and 
Elizabeth ; by second marriage : Hannah, 
born June 16, 1634; Elihu, January 24, 
1636; Nehemiah, November 2"^, 1637; 
Moses, April 6, 1640; Benjamin, 1642; 
Gershom, mentioned below ; Rebecca. 

(II) Gershom, son of Walter Palmer, 
and child of his second wife. Rebecca 
Short, baptized June 5, 1684, in Charles- 
town, received from his brothers Nehe- 
miah, Moses and Benjamin, as part of 
their parents' estate, five hundred acres 
of land in Stonington. There was laid 
out to Lieutenant Gershom, Palmer, May 
3, 1693, fifty acres, one hundred acres, 
and again fifty acres of land. On Decem- 
ber 23, 1708, he gave all his land to his 
sons George and Walter, they to allow 
him one-third the produce of the land, 
and allow him to dwell in the east end of 
his house, and to fulfill the agreement he 
had made with his "now wife" before 
marriage, that she was to have twenty 



266 



Ex\CYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



pounds before his decease, but he stated 
that since he had been boarding his wife's 
two daughters, Hannah and EHzabeth 
Mason, for some time, he had caused 
different arrangements to be made. On 
November 20, 171 1, four hundred acres 
of land in the purchase of Cottapeset 
were laid out to Gershom Palmer. He 
died September zj, 1718. He married 
(first) at Stonington, November 28, 1667, 
Ann, daughter of Captain George and 
Ann (Borodel) Dennison ; her mother, 
Ann Borodel, was of a distinguished old 
English family, and from her dignified 
and gracious manner she was often 
called "Lady Ann;" she was born May 
20, 1649, died 1694, in Stonington. He 
married (second) Mrs. Elizabeth Mason, 
widow of Sam.uel Mason, of Stonington, 
whose maiden name was Peck, member 
of a Rehoboth family of that name. Chil- 
dren, all by first marriage : Mercy, Ger- 
shom, Ichabod, William, George, Re- 
becca, Ann, Walter, Elihu, Mary and Re- 
becca. 

(HI) Gershom (2), son of Gershom 
(i) and Ann (Dennison) Palmer, born 
1672, was baptized September 3, 1679, in 
the First Church of Stonington, and died 
in Killingworth, Connecticut, in 1734. 
His father made a deed giving him land 
in Killingworth. William, brother of 
Gershom (i) Palmer, had left the land to 
his brother for one of his sons, and he 
ordered his son Gershom to go to Kill- 
ingworth to live on this land in the house 
of William Palmer, which he accord- 
ingly did. Gershom (2) Palmer, married, 
it is supposed in Saybrook, Sarah, daugh- 
ter of Captain John and Sarah Fenner. 
Children : Gershom, Elias, Rebecca, 
Amos, Mehitable, Benjamin, Abel and 
Sally. 

(IV) Gershom (3), eldest child of 
Gershom (2) and Sarah (Fenner) Palmer, 
was baptized 1701, in Killingworth, and 



lived in Stafford, Connecticut, whence he 
removed to Woodstock, Vermont, and 
there died before 1771. He married 
(first) October 3, 1733, Hannah Wilcox, 
and (second) Lucy Fields. Children: 
Elizabeth, married Frederick Meacham ; 
Oliver, mentioned below; Bethiah, mar- 
ried (first) Billy Grey, (second) Joseph 
Wood; Hannah, married Jesse Williams; 
Mehitable, married Luther Tillson ; Ger- 
shom, married Mercy Bennett ; Lucy, 
married Billy G. Kingsley ; Bennett, mar- 
ried Betsey Bailey ; W' alter, married 
(first) Hannah Lovel, (second) Jerusha 
Lovel ; Betsey, married Gains Cobb. 

(V) Oliver, son of Gershom (3) and 
Lucy (Fields) Palmer, was born June 
25, 1763, in Stafford, Connecticut, and 
lived in Woodstock, Vermont, where he 
was a member of "The Troop," a com- 
pany of horse militia, in 1788. He mar- 
ried there, December 28, 1786, Asenath 
Barnes, born July 21, 1768, in Munson, 
Massachusetts. Children: Orpha, born 
June 12, 1787, at Woodstock, married, 
October 23, 1808, Andrew Nealey, and 
(second) Charles Cotton; Milly, May 18, 
1791, died December 11, 181 1, at Calais, 
Vermont ; Hannah, February 9, 1793, at 
East Bethel, Vermont; Alden, mentioned 
below; Walter, December 15, 1805; at 
Calais; Laura, October 23, 1810. 

(VI) Alden, eldest son of Oliver and 
Asenath (Barnes) Palmer, was born Feb- 
ruary 16, 1795, in Woodstock, and lived 
for a time in East Bethel, Vermont, whence 
he removed to East Montpelier. He mar- 
ried (first) at Royalton, Vermont, Decem- 
ber 14, 1817, Anna Richardson, who died 
in Montpelier, and he married (second) 
December 19, 1828, Eliza H. LeBaron, 
born August 26, 1805, daughter of Francis 
(2) and Jane (Haskell) LeBaron, of East 
Montpelier (see LeBaron IV). In 1837 
he removed to Waterville, Maine, where 
he continued to reside until December, 



267 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1852, when they removed to Norway, 
same State. In 1871 they went to Rayn- 
ham, Massachusetts, where he died July 
21, 1872, and was buried in the Plain 
Cemetery at Taunton. His wife survived 
him nearly eight years, and died May 18, 
1880, at Norway, Maine. Children of 
first marriage: Mary Ann. March 6, 

1818, at Bethel; Monroe, September 14, 

1819, at Royalton ; Asenath, January 28, 
1822, at Calais; Horace, October 28, 1S23, 
at Montpelier; Emeline, August 2, 1825; 
of second marriage : Mary Ann, Septem- 
ber 30, 1829, at Montpelier; Catherine, 
December 23, 1831 ; Alonzo S., mentioned 
below; Helen Amanda, July 28, 1838, at 
Waterville, Maine. 

(V'll) Alonzo Sprague, third son of 
Alden Palmer, and third child of his 
second wife, Eliza H. LeBaron, was born 
July 26, 1836, in Montpelier, and settled 
in Raynham. Massachusetts, where he 
was a carpenter and builder, and died 
September 5, 1913. He married Philena 
Godfrey Lane, daughter of Ami Ruhama 
and Elizabeth (Whitehouse) Lane, of 
Oxford, Maine (see Lane IX). Children: 
Flora Frances, mentioned below ; Ida 
May, married William Y. Wilcox, and 
resides in Taunton, Massachusetts; Dora 
Anthony, married Edwin S. Belcher, 
resides in Fall River, and has children : 
Stewart Sprague and Carleton. 

(VIII) Flora Frances, eldest daughter 
of Alonzo S. and Philena G. (Lane) 
Palmer, married Herbert H. Shumway, of 
Taunton (see Shumway VH). 

(The LeBaron Line). 

(I) Francis LeBaron, the pioneer an- 
cestor of the LeBaron family in America, 
was born 1668, in France, and the first 
record of him is to be found in Plymouth, 
a few years prior to his marriage. Ac- 
cording to family tradition he came to 
New England in a French privateer. 



which was fitted out at Bordeaux, and, 
cruising on the American coast, was 
wrecked in Buzzard's Bay ; the crew were 
taken prisoners and carried to Boston ; in 
passing through Plymouth, the surgeon, 
Francis LeBaron, was detained by sick- 
ness, and on his recovery performed a 
surgical operation so successfully that the 
inhabitants of the town petitioned the 
executive, Lieutenant-Governor Stough- 
ton, for his release, that he might settle 
among them. The petition was granted, 
and he practiced his profession in that 
town and vicinity until the time of his 
death. Francis LeBaron died August 8, 
1704, in Plymouth. He married, Septem- 
ber 6, 1695, Mary, born April 7, 1668, 
daughter of Edward and Elizabeth 
(Eam.es) Wilder, of Hingham. She mar- 
ried (second) December 10. 1707, Return 
Waite, born 1678, in Boston, died October 
3, 1 75 1, in Plymouth. Children of 
Francis and Mary (Wilder) LeBaron : 
James, mentioned below ; Lazarus, born 
December 26, 1698; Francis, June 13, 
1701. 

(II) James, eldest son of Francis and 
Mary (Wilder) LeBaron. born ^lay 23, 
1696, in Plymouth, died May 10, 1744, 
was a farmer, and resided on the farm in 
Middleboro, which had been bequeathed 
to him by his father, in his will. He mar- 
ried, November 3, 1720, Martha Benson, 
of Middleboro, Massachusetts. After his 
death she married (second) May 15. 1745, 
William Parker. Children of James Le- 
Baron: James, born December 22, 1721, 
died young; John, April 2, 1724; James, 
mentioned below; Joshua, October 10, 
1729; Martha, April 9, 1732, died young; 
Francis, December 20, 1734, died July 8, 
1761 ; Mary, August 9, 1737; David, April 
27, 1740; Lydia, January 26, 1743, died 
young. 

(III) James (2), third son of James 
(i) and Martha (Benson) LeBaron, was 

268 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



born December lo, 1726, resided in Mid- 
dleboro, and died October 3, 1780. He 
married, February 4, 1747, Hannah 
Turner, of Rochester, Massachusetts, 
probably a daughter of Thomas and 
Hannah Turner. Children : James, born 
January 4, 1748, died young; Japhet, July 
20, 1750; Elizabeth, March 24, 1752, died 
1825, in Shaftsbury, Vermont; Martha, 
January 3, 1755; William; James, April 
30, 1759; Francis, mentioned below; 
Isaac, April 20, 1764; Hannah, Septem- 
ber 9, 1766, married Elkanah Shaw; Abi- 
gail, May 17, 1768; Lazarus, February 7, 
1771. 

(IV) Francis (2), son of James (2) 
and Hannah (Turner) LeBaron, was 
born April 30, 1762, moved to Calais, 
Vermont, and died July 3, 1856, being 
buried in Wolcott, Vermont. He was a 
soldier of the Revolution, serving as a 
private in Captain Edward Sparrow's 
Company, Colonel John Jacob's Regi- 
ment, enlisting July 23, discharged Octo- 
ber 27, 1780, service three months and 
five days. He then served an additional 
three months with his regiment which 
had been detached to reinforce the Con- 
tinental army. He married, April 2, 1788, 
Jane Haskell, born February 4, 1767, died 
May 13, 1846, daughter of Timothy and 
Deliverance (Hatch) Haskell, of Roches- 
ter, Massachusetts (see Haskell V). 
Children: Ansel, born July 2, 1789; 
Cynthia, September 15, 1792; Ira, March 
29. 1795; Jane, February 3, 1797; Azuba, 
May 8, 1799; Abigail, October 18, 1801 ; 
Eliza H., mentioned below; Francis, 
October 9, 1806; Lorenzo, February 11, 
1810. 

(V) Eliza H., daughter of Francis (2) 
and Jane (Haskell) LeBaron, was born 
August 26, 1805, and died May 18, 1880. 
She married at East Montpelier, Ver- 
mont, December 19, 1828, Alden Palmer, 
of that town (see Palmer VI). 



(The Lane IJne). 

(I) Robert Lane lived in Rickmans- 
worth, Hertfordshire, England. His will, 
made July 4, 1542, was proved June 11, 
1543. Children: Thomas, mentioned be- 
low ; Annes, married William Page ; Mar- 
garet, married Edward Thorp. 

(II) Thomas, son of Robert Lane, 
born about 1515, was a yeoman of Rick- 
mansworth, and his will, bearing date 
December 9, 1586, was proved June 14, 
1587. His wife Alice was executrix and 
residuary legatee. Children: Elyne, 
George, John. Richard, Elizabeth and 
Dorothy. 

(HI) George, son of Thomas and Alice 
Lane, was born about 1550. His will, 
dated November 6, 1627, was proved 
September 27, 1628. Children: Thomas, 
who probably died in England before 
1646; John, who became the ancestor of 
one branch of the American family ; 
Henry; Symon, who died in England; 
Jerome; James, mentioned below; Isabel 
and George. 

(IV) James Lane was living in Eng- 
land in 1654, when he owned real estate, 
with his brother, John Lane, at Rick- 
mansworth. County Hertford. This land 
was inherited from their parents, and 
their brother Job also claimed a share. 
James had paid large debts on the prop- 
erty, and was a poor man, and on June 6, 
1654, Jeremiah Gould wrote to Job Lane 
concerning the land as follows: "You 
wonder your Brother James should de- 
ceive me to make away your estate * * * 
I find a surrender of premises from your 
father and mother unto James and John 
and their heirs forever * * *Your l.mlher 
James, he is very poor and I hope very 
honest." James Lane was a craftsman, 
and perhaps a member of the guild of 
turners in London, 1654. He cam-; to 
this country about 1656, with his brothers. 
Job and Edward, and settled in Maiden, 



269 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Massachusetts, moving soon to Casco 
Bay, Maine. Edward went to Boston and 
Job to Billerica, about 1664. In 1658 
James Lane was living in Charlestown, 
Massachusetts, and November 19, 1660, 
he appointed Job Lane his attorney, he 
being at that time an inhabitant of 
Maiden. John, son of James, deposed in 
1733 that his father settled in Casco Bay 
"about seventy-five years since." James 
Lane became owner of much real estate 
there, and a point of land and an island 
still bear his name. He was in Falmouth 
(now Portland, Maine), in 1658, and was 
one of the petitioners to be joined to Mas- 
sachusetts Bay government. In 1665-66 
he was sergeant; in 1666 he bought two 
islands, Great and Little Mosier, from 
Hugh Mosier's estate. At a court in 
Casco, July 26, 1666, he was surety under 
a bond of ii/O, for Jam,es Mosier in the 
settlement of his father Hugh's estate, 
and he served on the jury at the same 
court which found James Robinson not 
guilty of murdering Christopher Collins. 
In 1675 James Lane was living in West- 
custigo, Casco Bay. During King 
Philip's War in 1675, Falmouth (Port- 
land) was abandoned, after suffering 
much loss, and Sergeant James Lane was 
"killed in a fight with the Indians." His 
estate was inventoried in 1680. The 
name of his first wife is supposed to have 
been Ann, and he married (second) Sarah 
(White) Phips, daughter of John and 
Mary White ; Mary was widow of James 
Phips, and mother of twenty-six children. 
Sarah White was half-sister of Sir Wil- 
liam Phipps, royal governor'"of Massa- 
chusetts. Children of James Lane, who 
died intestate : Ann, married John Bray ; 
John, mentioned below ; Samuel, m,arried 

Abigail — '■ ; Henry, died at Boston, 

June 4, 1690; Job, married Mary Fassett ; 
James. 

(V) John, son of James Lane, was 



born 1652, and died 1738. He testified, 
July 2, 1733, that he settled at Falmouth, 
Casco Bay, fifty-two or three years be- 
fore, living there until the second Indian 
war, which broke out in 1686, King Wil- 
liam's War. In 1680 Falmouth was de- 
stroyed a second time by the French and 
Indians. Records show that he was at 
Cape Elizabeth in 1680, and in 1687 he 
was living near his father-in-law at Pur- 
pooduck Point, but the Indian troubles 
forced them to flee, and they settled at 
Gloucester, Massachusetts. Samuel Lee, 
of North Yarmouth, also went there, and 
the Lane family gave the name of Lanes- 
ville to a village of Gloucester. John 
Lane inherited much land in Maine, and 
owned a large amount of property. Be- 
fore 1703 he was a member of the First 
Church at Gloucester, and in 1728 was 
an original member of the Third Church, 
Annisquam. He died January 24, 1738, 
aged eighty-six years, and his son Jam,es 
was appointed administrator of his estate, 
March 29, 1738. He married, at Cape 
Elizabeth, Dorcas Wallis, daughter of 
John and Mary (Shepard) Wallis. John 
W^allis was a settler at Falmouth (Port- 
land), and died at Gloucester, September 
23, 1690, son of Nathaniel Wallis, who 
was born 1632, of County Cornwall, Eng- 
land, immigrant ancestor to Casco Bay. 
Dorcas (Wallis) Lane joined the church 
January 14, 1730, and died February 2, 
1754. Children, five born at Cape Eliza- 
beth, six at Gloucester, nine being bap- 
tized at Gloucester before 1703: James, 
mentioned below; John, born 1688; Jo- 
siah, married Rachel York ; Dorcas, 
married William Tucker ; Sarah, married 
Thomas Riggs ; Hephzibah, born July 20, 
1694; Mary, August 8, 1696; Joseph, Oc- 
tober 15, 1698; Benjamin, July 25, 1700; 
Deborah, February 19, 1703, died May 9, 
1729; Job, February 8, 1705. 

(VT) James, eldest son of John and 



270 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Dorcas (Wallis) Lane, born 1682, died 
April 20, 1 75 1, in Lanesville, Essex 
county, Massachusetts. He was a deacon 
of the Third Church at North Yarmouth, 
a large real estate owner and farmer, 
owned one-fourth of a schooner on the 
seas, and two negro slaves. He married 
(first) October 25, 1710, Ruth Riggs, born 
1691, died August 18, 171 1. He married 
(second) Judith, widow of William 
Woodbury, and they had sons : William, 
Josiah, John and James. 

(VII) Josiah, second son of James and 
Judith Lane, lived in North Yarmouth, 
where he died November 3, 1766. He 
married there, March 20, 1743, Abigail 
Norwood, and the baptisms of the follow- 
ing children are recorded in the Third 
Church of North Yarmouth : Levi, No- 
vember 10, 1754; Francis, mentioned be- 
low; Abigail, October 21, 1759; Mark, 
January 10, 1762; Ammi, June 17, 1764. 

(VIII) Francis, second son of Josiah 
and Abigail (Norwood) Lane, was bap- 
tized December 12, 1756, in the Third 
Church of North Yarmouth, and died No- 
vember 30, 1829, in Paris, Maine. He was 
a soldier of the Revolution, a private in 
Captain John Rowe's company. Colonel 
Ebenezer Bridge's (Twenty-seventh) 
regiment, as shown by receipt for pay 
signed by him, dated June 28, 1775, at 
Cambridge. Under the same command- 
ers he appears on a muster roll dated Au- 
gust I, 1775, enlisted May 29 of that year, 
served two months and eight days. His 
name appears in a list of those receiving 
pay for service at the battles of Lexing- 
ton and Bunker Hill. It is not likely that 
he was in the first of these engagements. 
His name also appears in a list of men 
on the privateer "Lion," commanded by 
Captain Wingate Newman, sworn to at 
Boston, July 12, 1781. His description 
gives his age as twenty-eight years, 
height five feet, six inches, complexion 



light. After the war he was engaged in 
East and West India trade, sailing from 
Boston, and at one time was wrecked on 
the coast of Greenland, where he suffered 
much hardship in protecting a cargo of 
cotton. About 1780 he settled in North 
Yarmouth, and in 1818 removed to Paris, 
Maine, where he died, as above noted. 
He married (first) at North Yarmouth, 
February 25, 1779, Esther Grifiin, daugh- 
ter of Oliver and Mary (York) Griffin. 
She died in 1799, of yellow fever con- 
tracted while caring for a neighbor, who 
recovered from the disease. Francis 
Lane married (second) July 8, 1800, Han- 
nah Wyman, and (third) December 5, 
1822, Mrs. Betsey Gammon, of South 
Paris. Children : Esther, born May 26, 
1782; Francis, died young; Mary. Janu- 
ary 7, 1792; Ammi Ruhamah, mentioned 
below; Susan, November 9, 1797; Han- 
nah, June 14, 1799. 

(IX) Ammi Ruhamah, second son of 
Francis and Esther (Grififin) Lane, was 
born March 7, 1794, in North Yarmouth, 
and lived in Oxford, Maine, where he 
died June 16, 1863. He was a soldier of 
the War of 1812, and also participated in 
what was known as the Aroostook War. 
He married Eliza Whitehouse, of Oxford. 
Children : Zenas, born November 10, 
1825; Betsey, July 4, 1827; Oilman G., 
December 26, 1829; America, November 
22, 1831 ; Philena Godfrey, mentioned be- 
low; Ammi Franklin, April 2, 1843; 
Frances Ann, July i, 1845; Oscar Griffin, 
October 11, 1855. 

(X) Philena Godfrey, daughter of 
Ammi Rulftmah and Eliza (Whitehouse) 
Lane, born December 26, 1836, became 
the wife of Alonzo S. Palmer of Oxford 
(see Palmer VII). 

(The Haskell Line). 

From a companion of William the 
Conqueror, of Norman French stock, the 



271 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 

family of Haskell is descended, with coat- 1673, leaving an estate valued at £548 2s. 
of-arms. The escutcheon itself is Nor- He was in Gloucester in 1643, and prob- 
man. Its field is sais, or fur, derived ably resided at Planters' Neck two years 
from the fur with which the robes of later, though he appears to have been 
only nobles or knights were lined. The absent from the town later. He was there 
colors, argent and sable, are those which in 1656, however, and settled on the 
rendered the bearers noteworthy, the com- Westerly side of Annisquam, where he 
bination indicating unblemished reputa- had several parcels of land, including a 
tion. Argent compounded with sable lot of ten acres with house and barn, on 
means the yielding up of pleasure, and the westerly side of Walker's creek. His 
also famous. It is without device and sons had land on both sides of this creek 
such were in ancient opinion of the high- still held by descendants. He was a 
est honor. It bears the fesse or waist- mariner, engaged in fishing, but found 
belt of honor, one of the insignia of time to attend to much of the town's 
knighthood and its being of gold would business, serving as selectman several 
imply that the bearer was a knight of no years, and was representative to the Gen- 
mean power or wealth. The legend or eral Court six times in twenty years. In 
origin of the crest is as follows: At the 1661 he was appointed lieutenant of the 
battle of Hastings William the Con- "trayned band" and was later captain, 
queror, being faint from lack of food, He was one of the officers who refused 
saw in the distance near the lines of in 1688 to assess the taxes levied by Sir 
Harold an apple tree in fruit. Express- Edmond Andros, and was fined by the 
ing the belief that some of the apples superior court at Salem. The repudiated 
would revive him until the fortunes of the Governor, Andros, was finally driven out 
day should be decided, one of his attend- of New England by the indignant victims 
ant knights, Roger de Haskell by name, of his tyranny. In 1681 William Haskell 
dashed forward amid a shower of the joined with others in a petition to the 
enemy's arrows and brought to his sover- king, praying for the interposition of the 
eign a scarf filled with the fruit, where- crown to prevent the disturbance of title 
upon the Conqueror bade him bear as his to Gloucester lands by Robert Mason, 
crest a fruit-bearing apple tree pierced by who made claim thereto. He was one of 
a flying arrow. This is placed at the the first two known deacons of the first 
head of the coat-of-arms. church at Gloucester. He married, No- 
(I) Roger Haskell came with others of vember 16, 1643, Mary, daughter of 
the name to Massachusetts, and was a Walter Tybbot. She died four days be- 
resident of Salem in 1637. After the fore her husband. Children : William, 
incorporation of Beverly, he was a resi- Joseph, Benjamin, John, Ruth, Mark, 
dent of that town. Born about 1613, he Sarah, Elinor and Mary, 
died 1667. He was accompanied by his (II) Mark, son of Roger and Mary 
brothers, William and Mark. The family (Tybbot) Haskell, born 1651, in Salem, 
traced herein is descended from William, settled in Rochester, Massachusetts, 
He was born in 1617, in England, and about 1692, and died there May 17, 1699. 
first settled in that part of Salem known He was a large land owner in the town 
as Beverly, then called "Cape Ann side," of Rochester, where he also followed the 
and soon became a permanent resident of trade of carpenter. The name is spelled 
Gloucester, where he died August 20, Hascall on the Rochester records. He 

272 



EXCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



married, March 20, 1678, Mary Smith, 
daughter of John and Elizabeth (Goodell) 
Smith, of Salem. Children, born in 
Salem: Roger, October 17, 1680; John, 
mentioned below ; Mark, February 5, 
1684; Elizabeth, November 10, 1686; 
Mary, April 23, 1689, married Scotaway 
Clark; Joseph, November 3, 1692. 

(III) John, second son of Mark and 
Mary (Smith) Haskell, was born Febru- 
ary 14, 1682, in Salem, and settled in 
Rochester, where he owned land near 
Mary's pond, and died in 1728. He mar- 
ried Mehitable Clark. Children: Sarah, 
born September 24, 1706; Rebecca, De- 
cember 14, 1707; John, mentioned below; 
Roger and Andrew (twins), March 8, 
171 1 ; Mehitable, January 3, 1713; Mary, 
April 23, 1714; Thomas, January 12, 1716; 
Zachariah, April 11, 1718; Moses, Sep- 
tember 18, 1719. 

(IV) John (2), eldest son of John (i) 
and Mehitable Haskell, was born May 13, 
1709, and resided all his life in Rochester, 
where he died December 27, 1791, at the 
age of eighty-three years. He married, 
November 4, 1736, Ruth Sprague, born 
August 30, 1714, daughter of Samuel and 
Ruth Sprague, of Rochester. Children : 
Timothy, mentioned below ; David, bap- 
tized December 19, 1742; Ruth, August 
24, 1745; Deliverance, September 27, 

1747- 

(V) Timothy, eldest child of John (2) 
and Ruth (Sprague) Haskell, was born 
October 17, 1737, and resided in the town 
of Rochester, Massachusetts. He was a 
minute-man of the Revolution, marched 
April 19, 1775, on the Lexington Alarm, 
in Captain Seth Briggs' company, serving 
four days. He was commissioned. De- 
cember 5, 1776, as a second lieutenant in 
Captain Samuel Briggs' (Third Roches- 
ter) company. Colonel Sprout's regiment, 
serving fifteen days on an alarm at Bris- 
tol, Rhode Island, December 8, 1776, was 

MASS— Vol. ni-18 2; 



allowed seventy-four miles' travel. He 
was also a second lieutenant in Captain 
Samuel Briggs' (Eighth) company. 
Fourth Plymouth County Regiment of 
Massachusetts militia. He served with 
this company and regiment under com- 
mand of Lieutenant-Colonel White, from 
July 30 to August 8, 1780, nine days, on a 
Rhode Island alarm, roll certified at 
Rochester. He married, November 19, 
1761, Deliverance Hatch, who died in 
Rochester, September 20, 1806, aged 
sixty-four years. Children : Moses, born 
November 28, 1762; Timothy, September 
II, 1764; Jane, mentioned below; Ruth, 
March 11, 1769; Deliverance, February 
23, 1772; Elizabeth, August 5, 1774; 
Reuben, May 25, 1778. 

(VI) Jane, eldest daughter of Timothy 
and Deliverance (Hatch) Haskell, was 
born February 4, 1767, in Rochester, and 
married Francis LeBaron, of Middleboro 
(see LeBaron IV). 



DERBY, Ashton Philander, 
Head of Important Manufacturing Busi- 
ness. 

This name appears in the Massachu- 
setts records as Darby, Daby and Derby, 
and in the records of Canterbury, Con- 
necticut, as Darbe. Many prominent 
descci'^ats ha^ e used the f )nii Derby 
and others Darby. It is perhajjs an An- 
glicized form of the French d'Arbe. Ac- 
cording to some authorities all Engli.sh 
names ending with "by" are from Lin- 
colnshire, England. The most promi- 
nent pioneer of the name in this country 
was Roger Derby, born in 1643, in Devon- 
shire, England, who arrived at Boston, 
July 18, 1671, settling in Salem, Massa- 
chusetts. John Derby appears about the 
same time in Marblehead, Massachusetts, 
where he was a fisherman. Roger Derby 
was also interested in fisheries. Thomas 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Darby joined the first church of Salem, 
October 15, 1663. The members of this 
family were Non-Conformists, and affili- 
ated with the Quakers, hence are almost 
wholly ignored in the Puritan records. 

(I) John Derby was born in England, 
of an ancient and distinguished family. 
Roger Derby, who is from all accounts a 
brother, came from Topsham, Devon- 
shire, England, about the same time, 
landed at Boston, July 18, 1671, and set- 
tled in Salem. Topsham was the home of 
seafaring men. Both Derbys followed 
fishing at their new home at Marblehead 
and Salem. John Derby or Darby, as the 
name was often spelled, was a fisherman 
at Marblehead in 1677, and owned a cot- 
tage and house lot in that town. His 
wife's baptismal name was Alice. Chil- 
dren, born in Marblehead, Massachusetts: 
Alice, October 12, 1679; John, mentioned 
below ; Mary, September 29, 1683 ; Joseph, 
baptized October 18, 1685. 

(II) John (2) Derby, eldest son of John 
(i) and Alice Derby, was born October 
8, 16S1, in Marblehead, and died at Con- 
cord, Massachusetts, March 7, 1743. He 
was reared in Marblehead, where he 
learned the trade of weaver, settled for a 
time in Beverly, Massachusetts, removed 
to Ipswich about 1720, and to Concord in 
1731. He married Deborah Conant, born 
February 20, 1687, in Beverly, daughter 
of John and Bethiah (Mansfield) Conant, 
a descendant of Governor Roger Conant. 
Children: John, born December 27, 1704; 
Andrew, mentioned below ; Mary, bap- 
tized March 18, 171 1, died March 28, 
1712; Benjamin, March 12, 171 1, died 
young; Ebenezer, November 23, 1712; 
Deborah, April 8, 1714; Benjamin, No- 
vember 28, 1715; Joseph, June 10, 1718; 
Mary, June 12, 1720. 

(III) Andrew Derby, son of John (2) 
and Deborah (Conant) Derby, was born 
January 26, 1707, in Beverly, and, like his 



father, was a weaver. In 1733 he pur- 
chased land in the Concord "New Grant," 
now the town of Acton, and was active in 
the organization and settlement of that 
town, where he was assessor three years, 
selectman four years, and constable one 
year. He sold his lands in Acton in 1746, 
and removed to Westminster, Massachu- 
setts, where he purchased lot No. 22, May 
10, 1748, including a house and grist mill 
on the outlet of Westminster pond. He 
was a man of much ability, character and 
influence, and soon came to be familiarly 
known as "Miller Darby." He was pro- 
prietor's clerk of Westminster from 1750 
to 1754, assessor and member of the stand- 
ing committee, and was assessor of the 
town after its incorporation for a period 
of seven years, selectman four years, and 
was also very active and highly esteemed 
in the church. He died in Westminster, 
March 23, 1783. He married, in 1728, 
Elizabeth Patch, born November 23, 1706, 
in Wenham, daughter of Timothy and 
Elizabeth (Poland) Patch. Children: 
Elizabeth, born March 13, 1729; Sarah, 
died young; Sarah, March 14, 1733; 
Eunice and Mary (twins), February 28, 
1735 ; Nathan, mentioned below ; Andrew, 
November ig, 1739; John, July 4, 1742; 
Ruth, August 20, 1745. 

(IV) Nathan Derby, eldest son of An- 
drew and Elizabeth (Patch) Derby, was 
born August 2, 1737, in Acton, and re- 
sided in Westminster, where he pur- 
chased lot No. 100 in the second division 
of the town lands, November 16, 1759. 
This was near the Winchendon road, and 
Nathan Derby was the first occupant of 
the land, where he continued engaged in 
agriculture until his death, after 1818. He 
married in Lexington, March 30, 1762, 
Abigail Pierce, born in Watertown, Mas- 
sachusetts, August 3, 1744, daughter of 
Jonas and Abigail (Comee) Pierce. Chil- 
dren : Jonas, born March 22, 1763; Abi- 



274 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



gail, November 26, 1764; Ruth, October 
30, 1766; Annas, December 19, 1768; 
Lucy, May 9, 1770; Ezra, 1772, died 
young; Rhoda, January i, 1774; Ezra, 
June 24, 1776; Joel, June 19, 1778; Abra- 
ham, August 30, 1780; Polly, October 12, 
1782; Levi, mentioned below. 

(V) Levi Derby, youngest child of Na- 
than and Abigail (Pierce) Derby, was 
born March 17, 1786, in Westminster, and 
settled in W'aterbury, Vermont. He died 
September 12, 1873, recorded in West- 
minster. He married Sally Stratton. 

(VI) Philander Derby, son of Levi and 
Sally (Stratton) Derby, was born June 
8, 1816, in Somerset, Vermont, and when 
a young man was employed at farm work 
in the vicinity of his home. After spend- 
ing some time at Worcester, Massachu- 
setts, he went to Sutton, and from there 
to Templeton, Massachusetts, returning 
to Vermont, where he was in business in 
the town of Jamaica. This he sold out 
and removed to Gardner, Massachusetts, 
in 1844. There, in association with S. K. 
Pierce and H. C. Knowlton, he engaged 
in the manufacture of boxes, barrel covers 
and similar wooden ware. In 1863 he 
formed an association with H. C. Knowl- 
ton, under the firm name of Derby & 
Knowlton, and engaged exclusively in the 
manufacture of chairs. Under their skill- 
ful management the business grew, and 
they were obliged to make large additions 
to their plant. In 1868 Mr. Derby pur- 
chased his partner's interest and alone 
continued the business, which continued 
to prosper and assumed large dimensions. 
In 1880 he admitted several partners, in- 
cluding his son, Arthur P. Derby, George 
Hodgman, of Gardner, and George W. 
Cann, of Brooklyn, New York, and with 
added capital still further extended the 
business. Mr. Derby became interested 
in other business interests of the town ; 
was many years a director of the First 



National Bank, and one of the largest 
owners of the syndicate block of Gard- 
ner. An active and public-spirited citi- 
zen, he was influential and useful in 
church work, and in all that promoted the 
growth and welfare of his home city. He 
married Viola Dunn, born August 13, 
1818, in Westminster, daughter of John 
and Abigail (Jackson) Dunn. 

(VII) Arthur Philander Derby, son of 
Philander and Viola (Dunn) Derby, was 
born December i, 1855, in Gardner, where 
he died February 5, 1910. He was 
educated in the public schools of Gard- 
ner and Wilbraham Academy, Massachu- 
setts, and pursued a course of one year 
at Bryant & Stratton's Business Col- 
lege, in Boston. He was later asso- 
ciated with his father in the manufacture 
of chairs in Gardner, the business being 
carried on for some time under the style 
of P. Derby & Company. In 1907 the 
business was incorporated under the same 
style, and in 191 1 reincorporated under 
the general laws of Massachusetts, the 
name still remaining P. Derby & Com- 
pany, Inc. From that time until his death, 
Arthur P. Derby was president of the 
company. In addition to the cares of his 
large business, Mr. Derby found time to 
devote to many matters of public inter- 
est, and filled various positions of respon- 
sibility and trust. He was especially in- 
terested in the promotion of education, 
and served as a member of the Gardner 
School Board. He was a member of Hope 
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, of 
Gardner, of which he was at one time 
master, and was a member, and in due 
course of time eminent commander of 
Ivanhoe Commandery, No. 46, Knights 
Templar, of Gardner. He attained the 
thirty-second degree of Free Masonry, 
and was a member of Aleppo Temple, An- 
cient Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic 
Shrine of Boston. He was vice-president 



275 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of the Gardner Savings Bank, and of the 
First National Bank of Gardner at the 
time of his death, and an ex-president of 
the Gardner Boat Club. He was also a 
member of the Narragansett Club and the 
Monomock Sporting Club. He married. 
May I, 1877, Lucy A. Brown, born Janu- 
ary 27, 1856, in Hubbardston, Massachu- 
setts, daughter of ]\Ioses and Eliza (Bix- 
by) Brown. Mr. and I\Irs. Derby were 
the parents of two sons : Ashton Philan- 
der, mentioned below, and Howard 
Brown, born April 14, 1891, in Gardner, 
died there November 5, 1904. 

(VIII) Ashton Philander Derby, senior 
son of Arthur Philander and Lucy A. 
(Brown) Derby, was born February 5, 
1878, in Gardner. He attended the public 
schools of his home town, graduating 
from the high school in 1895. After two 
years at Williams College, Williamstown, 
Massachusetts, he engaged in business, 
becoming associated with his father, in 
1897, in the manufacture of chairs at 
Gardner. Since that time his entire at- 
tention has been given to the prosecution 
of this business, and he became president 
of the corporation, succeeding the death 
of his father, in 1910. This establishment 
is one of the largest manufacturing con- 
cerns in Gardner, employing a great many 
people, and, like his father and grand- 
father, Mr. Derby manifests a proper in- 
terest in the progress and welfare of the 
town. He is a Congregationalist in reli- 
gion, and a Republican in politics. He is a 
member of Hope Lodge, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons ; Ivanhoe Commandery, 
No. 46, Knights Templar, of Gardner ; 
member of the D. K. E. of Williams Col- 
lege ; vice-president of the Gardner Boat 
Club ; member of the Monomock Sport- 
ing Club, of the Ridgley Club, and the 
Ridgley Country Club. He is also a 
member of the Alpine Golf Club of Fitch- 
burg, Massachusetts, of the Boston Ath- 



letic Club of Boston, and the Williams 
College Club of New York City. He mar- 
ried, September 26, 1900, Eva M. Green- 
wood, born August 9, 1881, in Gardner, 
daughter of Frederick M. and Ida (Wil- 
liams) Greenwood. Children : Stephen 
Arthur, born March 10, 1905 ; Philander 
Greenwood, July 13, 1907; Virginia, July 
13, 1910. 



HARRINGTON, Francis A. and Sons. 

Enterprising Business Men, 

Robert Harrington, the pioneer ances- 
tor of all the early families of this sur- 
name in this country, was born in Eng- 
land and came to New England in the 
ship "Elizabeth," sailing April 10, 1634. 
He settled in Watertown, Massachusetts, 
where he was given a "homestall'' by 
Deacon Thomas Hastings, probably a 
relative. His name appears as early as 
1642 on the list of proprietors of the 
town. He held various town offices and 
was a prominent citizen. He was 
admitted a freeman by the General Court, 
May 27, 1663. His homestead was 
bought, December 24, 1694, of Jeremiah 
Dummer, of Boston, and comprised two 
hundred and fifty acres on Charles river. 
He died May 11, 1707, aged ninety-one 
years. His will, dated January i, 1704, 
bequeaths to sons John, Daniel, Benjamin, 
Samuel, Thomas and Edward. To Ed- 
ward he gave the homestead. He also 
bequeathed to daughters Susanna Beers, 
Alary Bemis, Sarah Winship ; to his 
grandson Joseph, son of Joseph (de- 
ceased) and to daughter-in-law, Joanna 
\\'ard, late wife of his son Joseph. His 
inventory mentions sixteen lots of land 
amounting to six hundred forty-seven and 
a half acres, appraised at seven hundred 
and seventeen pounds. The estate in- 
cluded house and mill valued at one hun- 
dred and twenty pounds. 
76 




(2^ 



(yl^3>n^u^ 




ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



He married, October i, 1648, Susanna 
George, daughter of John George, of 
Watertovvn. She was then an orphan, 
the widow of Henry Goldstone being her 
guardian. She died July 6, 1694. Chil- 
dren : Susanna, born August 18, 1649, 
married. February 9, 1671, John Cutting; 
John, August 24, 1651, died August 24, 
1741 ; Robert, August 31, 1653, died 
young; George, November 24, 1655, was 
in Captain Samuel Wadsworth's company 
and was killed by the Indians. February, 
1675; Daniel, November i, 1657, died 
April 19, 1728; Joseph, December 28, 
1659; Benjamin, January 26, 1661, died 
1724; Mary, January 12, 1663, married 
John Bemis ; Thomas, April 20, 1665, died 
March 29, 1712; Samuel, December 18, 
1666; Edward, mentioned below; Sarah, 
March 10. 1670, married Joseph Winship, 
Jr.; David. June i, 1673, died March 11, 

1675- 

(II) Edward Harrington, son of 
Robert Harrington, was born at Water- 
town, in March, 1668. He lived on the 
homestead and was an active and useful 
citizen, selectman of the town in 1716, 
1730 and 1731. He married (first) March 
30, 1692, Mary Ockington ; (second) May 
24, 1727, Anna, widow of Jonathan Bul- 
lard, of Weston. Children by first wife, 
born at Watertown : Mary, born Janu- 
ary 2, 1693; William. November 11, 1694; 
Mindwell, June 19. 1697; Joanna, August 
16. 1699; Edward, June 27, 1702; Samuel, 
June 25, 1706; Francis, mentioned below; 
Susanna, September 9, 171 1, married 
Samuel Barnard and their son, Samuel 
Barnard, took part in the Boston Tea 
Party and was a major in the Revolution. 

(HI) Francis Flarrington. son of Ed- 
ward Harrington, was born June 11, 1709, 
at Watertown. Before his marriage he 
located in Grafton, Massachusetts, and 
thither he took his young wife and estab- 
lished his home. In the spring of 1741 



he purchased of Joseph Dana and his 
wife Mary, of Pomfret, Connecticut, the 
farm in Worcester which was afterward 
his home and on which his descendants 
have lived to the present time. He was 
the first of the Harrington family to settle 
in Worcester, where the descendants of 
Robert Harrington have since been both 
numerous and prominent in every gener- 
ation. His name appears on the Worces- 
ter jury list, dated July 19, 1742, and at 
the next town meeting he was elected 
field driver, and reelected the following 
j-ear. At a town meeting held May 16, 
1743, it was voted that in consideration 
of great sickness in Francis Harrington's 
family, his tax for the last year be repaid 
to him, amounting to one pound, three 
shillings, for "two birds, two tails." In 
March, 1748, he was chosen constable, 
and from f754 to 1777 he served on the 
committee to provide schoolmasters for 
his district. He was surveyor of high- 
ways and collector of taxes in 1750, 1758, 
1763, 1768, 1772 and 1783. He married 
(first) in 1736, Prudence Stearns, of an 
old Watertown family. She was born 
April 27, 1713, died at Worcester in Au- 
gust, 1 75 1. He married (second) Novem- 
ber 14, 1752, at Westborough, Deborah 
Brigham, who died at Worcester, April 
20, 1799, aged eighty-four years. He died 
July II, 1793, aged eighty-four. Chil- 
dren, born at Grafton and Worcester: 
Francis, born 1737, died in Worcester, 
April 6, 1768; Nathaniel, mentioned 
below; Mary, December 16, 1753; Prud- 
ence, April 20, 1755; William, November 
18, 1756. 

(IV) Nathaniel Harrington, son of 
Francis Harrington, was born in Worces- 
ter in 1742. He spent his boyhood on the 
homestead. He was a soldier in the Revo- 
lution, going on the Lexington Alarm as 
sergeant in Captain Timothy Bigelow's 
company of minute-men. Colonel Artemas 
277 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Ward's regiment, April 19, 1775. He was 
also first lieutenant in Captain Joshua 
Whitney's company, Fifth Worcester 
County Regiment of Massachusetts 
militia. He was chosen hog-reeve, an 
office then bestowed according to custom 
on some newly married man as a rule, 
March 11, 1777. Two years later his name 
appears on the jury list, in 1780 also as 
assessor, and in the following year on the 
school committee. In 1778 and 1794 he 
was surveyor of highways and collector 
of highway taxes. He was again on the 
school committee from 1790 to 1808, and 
on the committee to build public school- 
houses in 1797 and 1799. In 1799 he was 
a fence viewer, and from 1803 to 1809 he 
was one of the selectmen of the town. 
He served on various other town com- 
mittees from time to time. In 1808 he 
and others signed a letter to the select- 
men in opposition to their request that the 
citizens of Worcester be assembled in 
town meeting to approve the sentiments 
expressed by the inhabitants of Boston in 
a petition to President JefTerson praying 
for the suspension of the Embargo Act. 
He died February 28, 1831, aged eighty- 
nine years. He married, July 2, 1776, 
Ruth Stone, who was born in 1748, and 
died August 24, 1817, aged sixty-nine 
years. After his death the original home- 
stead of four hundred acres was divided 
between his two sons. Children : Francis, 
mentioned below ; Jonathan, born October 
31, 1779, married Mary Flagg ; Sarah, 
August 14, 1786. 

(V) Captain Francis (2) Harrington, 
son of Nathaniel Harrington, was born in 
Worcester, May 15, 1777, died there Octo- 
ber 17, 1841. He inherited half of the 
old homestead and followed farming all 
his active life. He was prominent in 
puljlic affairs and captain of a Worcester 
militia company. He served on the 
school committee, held the offices of high- 



way surveyor and collector of highway 
taxes, and served on various town com- 
mittees. He married at W^orcester, May 
13, 1801, Lydia Perry, born at Worces- 
ter, February 20, 1778, daughter of Josiah 
and Lydia Perry and granddaughter of 
Nathan Perry, who was for twenty-three 
years deacon of the Old South Church. 
The Perry family also came early to 
Worcester. Children, born at Worcester: 
Daniel, mentioned below; Mary, born 
March 20, 1804, married Deacon Samuel 
Perry; Hannah, February 12, 1806; Jo- 
seph, February 27, 1808; Francis, August 
II, 1811, alderman of Worcester in i860; 
Lydia, December 12, 1814. 

(VI) Captain Daniel Harrington, son 
of Captain Francis (2) Harrington, was 
born October 4, 1802, in Worcester, and 
died September 11, 1863. He succeeded 
to his father's homestead and followed 
farming. He built the large barn in 1841, 
and the present house on the farm in 
1852. He was a member of the Old South 
Church and subsequently one of the 
founders of the present Union Church 
(Congregational). He was captain of a 
militia company. His name was on the 
jury list in 1831, and he was subsequently 
fence viewer, member of the school com- 
mittee, highway surveyor of the town, 
member of the Common Council of the 
city in 1849-50 and of the board of alder- 
men in 185 1. He married, March 27, 
1828, Clarissa Gray, born August 23, 1809, 
died June 6, 1885, daughter of Nathaniel 
and Patty (Dickerman) Gray, of Wor- 
cester, and granddaughter of John Dicker- 
man, who took part in the Boston Tea 
Party. She also came of one of the old 
Worcester families. Children, born in 
Worcester: i. Joseph A., born October 
26, 1829, died December 4, 1875; soldier 
in the Fifty-first Regiment, Massachu- 
setts Volunteer Infantry, in the Civil 
War ; married Zelia M. Pierce. 2. Emily 



278 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



A., born October 23, 1831, died in 1883; 
married George S. Battelle. 3. Charles 
A., born May 20, 1834, died October 16, 
1905 ; partner in the firm of Garfield & 
Harrington, dealers in ice and coal ; 
served in the City Council, 1882-83; mar- 
ried (first) Lucy Goulding ; (second) 
jMargaret Patch ; had sons : Elmer W. 
and Herbert H. 4. Henry M., born 
March 20, 1836, died August 6, 1837. 5. 
Delia A., born March 21, 1841 ; married, in 
1863, George B. Andrews, and lives in 
Clinton ; no issue. 6. Maria A., born 
September 2, 1843; married Edward W. 
Wellington, lieutenant in the Civil War; 
children: Delia M. and Frank E. Well- 
ington. 7. Francis Alfred, mentioned be- 
low. 8. George A., born July 8, 1849, 
died in 1883. 9. Daniel A., mentioned 
below. 

(VII) Hon. Francis Alfred Harrington, 
son of Captain Daniel Harrington, was 
born in Worcester, November 17, 1846. 
He received his education in the public 
schools of his native city, at B. C. Howe's 
Business College and Worcester Acad- 
emy, each of which he attended during 
two winter terms. He remained with his 
father on the homestead until he reached 
his majority. He then became associated 
with his brother Charles A., who estab- 
lished the Bay State House Livery Stable 
in 1869, and in 1871 was admitted to 
partnership under the firm name of Har- 
rington Brothers. About five years later 
the business was removed to more com- 
modious quarters on Central street and a 
carriage shop added to it. The business 
increased with the growth of the city and 
the firm prospered. In May, 1882, Charles 
A. Harrington retired from the firm and 
his brother, Daniel A., took his place. 
Both brothers possessed a thorough and 
expert knowledge of horses and marked 
business ability. In their line of business 
Harrington Brothers took rank second to 



none. In addition to the business, Francis 
A. Harrington was a successful farmer on 
the old homestead, where his ancestors 
had lived since 1741. Owing to public 
duties and other business cares, however, 
Mr. Harrington sold his interests in the 
firm to his brother in October, 1895. 

Mr. Harrington and the late Senator 
Frank M. Heath organized with others in 
1894 two insurance organizations, the 
Masonic Protective Association, the 
membership of which is exclusively made 
up of Free Masons, and the Ridgely Pro- 
tective Association, made up of Odd Fel- 
lows. The home offices were at No. 518 
Main street for many years. Mr. Har- 
rington was president and Mr. Heath 
treasurer of both organizations. Both 
corporations were wisely planned and 
managed and have grown to large pro- 
portions. At the beginning but one clerk 
was employed, while in 191 5 the two 
organizations employed a force of seventy 
clerks and stenographers and occupy 
handsome suites of offices on the two 
upper floors of the Worcester Trust Com- 
pany building on Franklin street, built 
and occupied in 191 5. Since the death of 
Mr. Heath in 1914, his son, Volney L. 
Heath, has been treasurer of the Ridgely 
Protective Association, his son, Austin 
A. Heath, has been treasurer of the Ma- 
sonic Protective Association, while his 
son, Melville F. Heath, continued as gen- 
eral manager of the Masonic Protective 
Association. Mr. Harrington's sons have 
also been exclusively occupied in the 
management of the business of these 
organizations for the past ten years or 
more. Charles A. Harrington is secre- 
tary of the Masonic Protective Associa- 
tion and Frank C. Harrington of the 
Ridgely Protective Association. 

Mr. Harrington is one of the most hon- 
ored and distinguished men in the Ma- 
sonic organizations of the State. He is 



279 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



past master of Athelstan Lodge ; mem- 
ber of Eureka Chapter, Royal Arch Ma- 
sons; Hiram Council, Royal and Select 
Masters ; Worcester County Command- 
ery, Knights Templar; the Massachusetts 
Consistory, and Aleppo Temple, Mystic 
Shrine. In 1908 he attained the rare dis- 
tinction of election to the thirty-third de- 
gree, which he received at Boston in the 
Supreme Council. In 191 2 he took the 
degrees of the Royal Order of Scotland, 
the diploma of which comes from Scot- 
land. He is a trustee of Aletheia Grotto 
of Worcester. He was a trustee of the 
Masonic Fraternity for a number of years, 
an organization which made the begin- 
nings for the Masonic Temple, and he 
was a member of the finance committee 
of the Worcester Masonic and Educa- 
tional Association which procured the 
funds for the temple. Mr. Harrington 
was very active in the work of raising 
funds and is given much of the credit for 
securing the magnificent building for a 
home for the various Masonic organiza- 
tions of the city. The temple was erected 
at a cost of nearly $250,000 on Ionic ave- 
nue and is one of the finest architectural 
masterpiece of New England. He is at 
present a trustee. He is past patron of 
Stella Chapter, Order of the Eastern Star, 
and also member of the Worcester Lodge 
of Perfection ; of Goddard Council, 
Princes of Jerusalem ; of Lawrence Chap- 
ter of Rose Croix, and of Massachusetts 
Consistory. He is past commander of 
Worcester County Commandery, and has 
been treasurer for many years. Mr. Har- 
rington is a member of Quinsigamond 
Lodge, Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows ; past master of the Worcester 
Grange, Patrons of Husbandry, and of 
Central Pomona Grange, and is now 
(1916) serving his twenty-ninth year as 
treasurer of the Massachusetts State 
Grange. He is a trustee of the Worces- 



ter County Agricultural Society. For 
eight years he served in the City Guards 
of the Massachusetts State Militia, and 
for two years held a commission as first 
lieutenant, resigning on account of ill 
health. He was one of the first honor- 
ary members elected to George H. Ware 
Post, No. 10, Grand Army of the Pe- 
public. He is a trustee of the Worcester 
County Institution of Savings ; a mem- 
ber of the Worcester County Horticul- 
tural Society ; the Worcester County Me- 
chanics Association ; the Worcester Cham- 
ber of Commerce, the Worcester Coun- 
try Club, and the Massachusetts Repub- 
lican Club. 

In public life Mr. Harrington has had a 
long and distinguished career. From 
early manhood he has been a Republican 
in politics. In 1887 he was elected alder- 
man, defeating Andrew Athy, Democrat, 
and unanimously reelected. In 1889 he 
was president of the board. He served 
as chairman of the committee on finance 
and chairman of the committee on sewers 
when the disposal works were planned 
and the construction begun. He was the 
Republican candidate for mayor in De- 
cember, 1889, and was elected. His op- 
ponent was A. George Bullock, candidate 
of the Citizen and Democratic parties. 
He was reelected in 1890 and 1891, his 
opponents at the polls being Benjamin W. 
Childs and Joseph S. Perry. In 1890 the 
sewage disposal system was put into suc- 
cessful operation. In 1891 fire engine 
houses at Lake View and Quinsigamond 
were erected; the office of superintendent 
of street lights was created ; the new pub- 
lic library building erected at a cost of 
$108,000 exclusive of the land it occupied. 
In 1892 the Holden dam, was raised, in- 
creasing the water supply ; the English 
High School (now occupied by the Class- 
ical High) was completed; new school 
houses erected on Millburv and Canter- 



280 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



bury streets. Notwithstanding the in- 
creased cost of government and the addi- 
tion of new buildings, the tax rate during 
his administration was lower than it had 
been for many years previously. This 
was due, it is conceded, to the harmony 
and excellent team work in the various 
city departments, due chiefly to the good 
judgment and conciliatory but efficient 
policy of the mayor himself. He took a 
keen interest in the public schools and as 
cx-officifl chairman of the school commit- 
tee made periodic visits to every school in 
the city, visiting the class rooms and in- 
specting the buildings. Mr. Harrington 
was one of the few mayors who were 
natives of the city, and none had a wider 
circle of personal acquaintance among all 
classes of people. Owing to his activity 
in fraternal organizations, his extended 
business dealings, as well as his other 
associations in the militia, in politics and 
in school, he not only knew the people of 
the city but its needs, its capabilities for 
progress along certain lines and the neces- 
sity of planning for its expansion and 
growth. He steered the city calmly 
through three trying years, two of which 
were no-license, securing an impartial and 
proper administration of the law, as an 
alderman in granting licenses fairly and 
as mayor in preventing violations of the 
laws. As mayor he takes rank among 
the most efficient, both from a political 
and business point of view. He was an 
able executive and wise administrator, 
trusted and honored by the people, re- 
gardless of party lines or other divisions. 
It was during his term that Curtis Chapel 
was dedicated. His father was on the 
aldermanic committee that purchased the 
land for Hope Cemetery for the c\*-\. 
When the donor made his presentation 
speech, he expressed his pleasure in the 
fact that the mayor who was to receiv-; 
the gift for the city was a native of 



Worcester, that he had not only known 
the mayor from boyhood, but his father, 
grandfather and gfeat-grandfather as well. 

During the years 1899, 1900 and 1901 
Mr. Harrington represented his district 
in the Massachusetts Senate. Against his 
wishes, he was made chairman of the 
committee on liquor laws and he served 
three years. At the end of his term he 
had the satisfaction of receiving letters 
both from the supporters and opponents 
of the various measures presented to this 
committee and argued with great zeal and 
some heat at times, both thanking the 
chairman and committee for their fair- 
ness and good judgment in the considera- 
tion of bills and for their consideration at 
hearings. He was also chairman of the 
important committee on manufactures 
and among other difficult duties he pre- 
sided over the committees on mercantile 
affairs and on manufactures, sitting 
jointly, to arrange for legislation to secure 
the consolidation of the public lighting 
companies of Boston. The necessary 
legislation was finally effected. He was 
also a member of the committees on pub- 
lic health and agriculture. As a legisla- 
tor he proved intelligent, conservative, 
indefatigable in laboring for the interests 
of his district and city and for the gen- 
eral welfare of the Commonwealth, re- 
markable for his tactfulness and consider- 
ation in dealing with problems and in 
meeting the wishes of constituents and 
petitioners in the General Court. His per- 
sonal qualities made for him a career of 
wide influence and usefulness in the Sen- 
ate. For six years he was a director of 
the Worcester Free Public Library, and 
for about twelve years he was a trustee 
of Hope Cemetery and president of the 
board. 

Mr. Harrington married (first) No- 
vember 16, 1871, Roxanna M. Grout, born 
at Spencer, died December 24, 1900, a 



281 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



daughter of Silas and Eliza (Draper) 
Grout. Her father was an active and 
prominent citizen of Spencer, where he 
died March ii, 1879; her mother died 
there October 18, 1S69, aged fifty-nine 
years. Mrs. Harrington was a past ma- 
tron of Stella Chapter and past grand 
matron of the State. Mr. Harrington 
married (second) May 28, 1902, Lillia 
(Dudley) Leighton, whose only daughter, 
Leora, married Mr. Harrington's second 
son, Frank Chester Harrington (VIII). 
Mrs. Harrington is a daughter of Joseph 
Smith and Sarah Ann (Lamson) Dudley, 
of Augusta, Maine. She is a member of 
Stella Chapter, Order of the Eastern Star, 
member of the Worcester Grange, and 
of the Worcester Woman's Club, and a 
trustee of the First Spiritual Church 
of Worcester. Children by first wife, 
born at Worcester: i. Charles Arthur, 
mentioned below. 2. Frank Chester, men- 
tioned below. 3. May Emily, born May 
6, 1878, married James P. Gray; no issue. 
(VII) Daniel A. Harrington, son of 
Captain Daniel Harrington, was born 
May 8. 1851. He attended the public 
schools and then completed his education 
at Howe's Business College and at the 
Worcester Academy. He followed farm- 
ing on the old homestead for a few years 
and engaged in contracting and in the 
dairy business. In 1876 he became a part- 
ner of his brother in the firm of Harring- 
ton Brothers, proprietors of a livery stable 
in Worcester, and he continued in this 
business up to March i, 1916. He did a 
general livery business, including board- 
ing of horses and renting of hacks and 
other vehicles. He always kept abreast 
of the times in methods and equipment. 
He was president and treasurer of the 
Harrington Automobile Station for a 
numl)er of years, and did an extensive 
business in carriage and automobile paint- 
ing, also blacksmithing in connection 
with his other duties. 



Mr. Harrington and his wife are char- 
ter members of the ^^'orcester Grange, 
Patrons of Husbandry, of which but four 
charter m,embers are living. He is past 
noble grand of Quinsigamond Lodge of 
Odd Fellows ; past chief patriarch of Mt. 
Vernon Encampment, No. 53, and past 
commandant of Canton Worcester, No. 
3 ; past colonel of the Third Regiment of 
Patriarchs Militant of Massachusetts and 
past brigadier-general of the Second Bri- 
gade of this order. He is also a member 
of the Worcester Council, Royal Ar- 
canum, and a member of the Veterans of 
the City Guards, in which he served three 
years. He was formerly a member of the 
Worcester County Mechanics' Associa- 
tion. He and his wife are members also 
of Union Church (Congregational) and 
charter members of Utopia Rebekah 
Lodge, No. 107. He is a resident trustee 
of the Odd Fellows Home in Worcester. 
He was chairman of the committee that 
induced the trustees to locate the home 
in Worcester and was chief marshal at 
the exercis