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Enryrbpe&ta gf MassachusettB 

Biographical — Genealogical 

Compiled with the Assistance of a 

Capable Corps of Advisers and Contributors 




Both justice and decency require that we should bestow on our forefathers 
an honorable remembrance — Thiicydides 



WHITE, Luther 

During a residence of about half a cen- 
tury in Chicopee, Massachusetts, during 
which time he was continually engaged 
in his professional work. Judge White 
became one of the best known and most 
honored men of his city. He was very 
successful in the practice of his profes- 
sion, conducting a general business cov- 
ering all branches of the law, but making 
a specialty of probate work during the 
later years. For many years an associate 
District Court judge, he was appointed 
judge and also city solicitor in 1903, and 
until 1912 held both these offices. After 
Chicopee became a city in 1891, he took a 
prominent part in public affairs, and held 
city offices other than those mentioned. 
He was also active in business life, hold- 
ing official relation with important Chico- 
pee corporations. 

Judge White came from an early New 
England family. He was born in Granby, 
Massachusetts, September 2, 1841, and 
died March 15, 1914. He began his 
studies in the Granby public schools, con- 
tinuing in Chicopee High School until 
graduation, class of 1856, then pursuing 
a two years' course at Williston Semin- 
ary, Easthampton, Massachusetts, pre- 
paratory to entering Brown University, 
whence he was graduated Ph. D., class 
of 1864. After completing his classical 
education he began the study of law under 
the direction of Charles D. Robinson, of 
Charlestown, a brother of ex-Governor 
Robinson, and later was admitted to the 
Middlesex county bar. He began prac- 
tice with Wells and Soule. In 1870 he 
removed his office and practice to Chico- 
pee, there continuing until his death forty- 

four years later. As a lawyer he was 
skillful, devoted to a client's interests, 
and punctilious in the observance of the 
profession he loved and which he adorned. 
He practiced in all the branches of the 
law, hence his learning was wide and 
deep, extending through doctrine and 
precedent to the very foundation. He 
filled many city offices, from that of 
school committeeman for several years, 
to associate judge of the District Court at 
Chicopee, serving many years, and ap- 
pointed judge in 1903, and city solicitor 
from 1903 to 1912. He was president of 
the Common Council, 1891, and trustee of 
the Public Library, offices which he held 
for many years. 

In the business world Judge White was 
equally well known, having been a direc- 
tor of the Chicopee First National Bank ; 
a trustee of Chicopee Savings Bank, and 
secretary of the corporation for many 
years ; treasurer and director of the Ames 
Manufacturing Company, later the Ames 
Sword Company, five years, and secretary 
two years ; vice-president of the Overman 
Wheel Company for ten years ; and for 
many years was associated with Lewis 
M. Ferry in the fire insurance business; 
was a director in the Chicopee Gas Light 
Company. He was a Republican in poli- 
tics, and an attendant of the Third Con- 
gregational Church. He was a long- 
time member of the American Bar, Mas- 
sachusetts State Bar, and the Hampden 
County Bar Association ; his club was the 
Brown University of Springfield. 

Judge White married, October 12, 1871, 
at Chicopee, Mary J. Hadley, born at 
Worcester, Massachusetts, August 29, 
1846, died at Chicopee, October 6, 1912, 


daughter of Moses C. and Adeline 
(Wells) Hadley, of Chicopee, Massachu- 
setts. Judge and Mrs. White were the 
parents of a daughter, Mabel Adeline 
White, who survives her parents, and is 
a resident of Chicopee. | 


WOODWARD, Charles M. ** 

Of New Hampshire birth, of Middle 
West development, but now matured and 
ripened by experience, Charles M. Wood- 
ward, of West Springfield, is giving the 
best of his years and mental strength to 
his own New England. He is a son of 
Ezekiel Wilson Woodward, who in his 
day was one of the great railroad execu- 
tives of the Middle West, and guided the 
destinies of several railroads and was per- 
sonally familiar with the condition of 
these roads, none knowing better than he 
the true condition of the railroads of that 
section. This is attested by the fact that 
when appointed to assist in the re-organ- 
ization of one of the great railroad lines 
of the South, in 1866, before making a 
report upon the condition of the road he 
personally inspected every part of the 
three hundred miles then comprising the 
road's system, covering it on foot and 
taking notes of minutest detail. The 
railroad executives of half a century ago 
evidently felt the responsibility of their 

Ezekiel Wilson Woodward was of New 
Hampshire birth, and like his son re- 
turned to his loved New England after a 
successful career and in his home adjoin- 
ing that of his son at West Springfield 
passed the last years of his life. He was 
the son of Ezekiel and the grandson of 
Ezekiel Woodward, both of whom were 
agriculturists of Westmoreland, New 
Hampshire, descendants of English Wood- 
wards who came to New England not 
long after the "Mayflower" landed her im- 
mortal company of Pilgrims, Ezekiel 

Wilson Woodward was of the eleventh 
generation of his family in America and. 
England, and the eldest of five children : 
Ezekiel W., Mary, Lucy, Betsy and Sam- 
uel. The last survivor of this family was 
Lucy, who was a resident of Manchester, 
New Hampshire, widow of Charles 
Knight. Samuel, the youngest, was a 
railroad official in the West and died in 


Ezekiel Wilson Woodward was born in 
Chesterfield, New Hampshire, spent his 
youth at Westmoreland, in the same 
State, and until nineteen years of age at- 
tended local schools in connection with 
his work as his father's farm assistant. 
He began his career as an engineer with 
a party making a survey for the Cheshire 
railroad, now Fitchburg railroad, a year 
with that party determining him to con- 
tinue and make railroad construction his 
lifework. The winter following he spent 
with a party surveying the town of 
Chelsea, after which he went West and 
entered the employ of the Little Miami 
railroad in Ohio. There he introduced 
the "T" rail and superintended the laying 
of the track between Cincinnati and 
Columbus, Ohio. He then built the Cin- 
cinnati and Muskingum Valley railroad, 
now so called, and later made the first 
survey for the Milwaukee & LaCrosse 
railroad. From engineering and construc- 
tion he passed to the operating depart- 
ment of railroad management and for ten 
years was superintendent of the Little 
Miami railroad, the road which he had 
aided in constructing. These ten years 
spent in the operating department gave 
him a vast amount of experience, and 
henceforth, he was one of the able execu- 
tives of the Middle West railroad systems. 

At the end of his ten years' superin- 
tendcncy of the Little Miami railroad he 
was elected president of the same road, 
continuing in that position five years, 


when he resigned to accept the presidency 
of the Indianapolis and St. Louis railroad. 
Three years later he was appointed as- 
sistant receiver of the St. Louis Bridge 
Company, and after adjusting the affairs 
of that concern accepted the presidency 
of what was known as the Ohio Railroad 
Company. After resigning that position 
he came East and spent his last years in 
New England, residing near his son, 
Charles Miller, in West Springfield. He 
died in 1898 at the age of sixty-eight 

This record of a useful life would be 
incomplete without mention of some of 
the great hardships endured during that 
period of his life, when, as an engineer, 
Mr. Woodward and his surveying parties 
entered into the early location of rail- 
roads. Mention has been made of his 
making the preliminary survey for the 
Milwaukee & LaCrosse railroad. This 
was made in the winter, and for three 
months the party endured the greatest 
hardship a Michigan winter could inflict. 
The route was through virgin forest and 
trackless swamps, miles from human 
habitation, and out of the party of thirty 
men but ten were whites, the remainder 
being Indians. This was but one of his 
many experiences, for he was one of the 
pioneer railroad builders and one of the 
most widely known of all the men of his 
period who laid the foundation for the 
railroad prominence of the Middle West. 
He was as able in management as in con- 
struction and no railroad executive of his 
day achieved greater or more honorable 

President Woodward married Harriet 
Miller, born in Mifflinburg, Pennsylvania, 
died in West Springfield, aged seventy- 
two, and daughter of William Miller, one 
of the pioneer hat manufacturers of Cir- 
cleville, Ohio, where he died after a use- 
ful life, covering a period of seventy-six 

years. Mr. and Mrs. Woodward were the 
parents of a son, Charles Miller Wood- 
ward, of further mention ; and a daughter 
Miriam, of West Springfield, Massachu- 

Charles Miller Woodward, only son of 
Ezekiel Wilson and Harriet (Miller) 
Woodward, was born in Westmoreland, 
New Hampshire, January 6, 1856. He 
was early taken West by his parents, and 
in the city schools of Cincinnati, Ohio, 
and Indianapolis, Indiana, obtained his 
preparatory education. He then pre- 
pared for a profession at the Cincinnati 
University, taking the civil engineering 
course and completing a thorough prac- 
tical training for the business of life. 
After receiving his degree he began and 
for ten years pursued the calling of a 
civil engineer, specializing in railroad 
work, following the example of his father. 
During these years he was engaged in 
constructive operations with the Cincin- 
nati & Easton railroad ; the St. Louis 
Bridge Company; the Cincinnati-South- 
ern railroad, in both engineering and 
operating departments ; the Cincinnati, 
Hamilton & Dayton railroad, in the oper- 
ating department four years as assistant 
superintendent ; then again with the St. 
Louis Bridge Company. He then retired 
from railroad employ, residing at Morrow, 
in Warren county, Ohio, there continuing 
as private and consulting engineer until 
1895. During that period he was princi- 
pally engaged in advanced road construc- 
tion and the erection of public works of 
various kinds. 

In the year 1895 he decided to return to 
New England, the home of his ancestors 
and his own birthplace. While in Ohio 
he owned several farms and on coming 
East he chose a tract of three hundred 
acres located in West Springfield, on the 
road leading from Springfield to West- 
field, on which his home, No. 1117 


Westfield street, West Springfield, stands. 
His farm is devoted to general farm- 
ing and the raising of stock and hay. 
From 1899 to 1907 he was a member of 
the board of water commissioners and 
has taken much interest in the movement 
to increase or improve the pure water 
supply. The result of the labors of Mr. 
Woodward and his colleagues is seen in 
the pure and abundant supply the town 
enjoys. During the years which cover 
the period of greatest interest in the con- 
struction of a bridge to span the Connec- 
ticut between Springfield and West 
Springfield, Mr. Woodward served upon 
the special committee representing West 
Springfield, and in addition made a num- 
ber of private surveys and estimates of 
costs. He is a member of the town Board 
of Trade, and in politics is a Republican. 

Mr. Woodward married, January 11, 
1882, Eliza Abrams Rhodes, born in Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio, daughter of Joseph and 
Mary Elmira Rhodes, her father a native 
of Maryland and for many years, until 
1894, superintendent of the Western Divi- 
sion of the Adams Express Company, 
with offices in Cincinnati. He was for 
sixty-five years, or until his death, a resi- 
dent of that city and died in 1917 at the 
age of eighty-seven years. His wife was 
a native of Pennsylvania, they the parents 
of four children, among whom were : 
Mrs. Woodward, the eldest, and Mrs. C. 
L. Gould, of Springfield, Massachusetts. 

Mr. and Mrs. Charles Miller Wood- 
ward are the parents of Charles Lyall 
Woodward, educated in the public schools 
and Springfield Technical High School. 
After leaving school he was engaged in 
the automobile business until 191 1, then 
was successively with the Gilbert & 
Barker Company, the Fisk Rubber Com- 
pany of Chicopee Falls, the Quigley 
Manufacturing Company, and the Chap- 
man Valve Company of Indian Orchard, 

Massachusetts, and later went with the 
Mason Machine Works of Taunton, Mas- 
sachusetts, in all of which positions he 
was engaged in mechanical engineering. 
He married Cecilia D. Reed, of Spring- 

ELLIS, Carlos Bent 

To aid in the building of character and 
in the training of the powers of the next 
generation is to contribute to the life of 
a city a lasting benefaction, the influence 
of which is infinite. Carlos Bent Ellis, 
one of Springfield's well known educators, 
and the founder and principal of the High 
School of Commerce of Springfiefd, who 
some twenty years ago organized the com- 
mercial department of the Central High 
School, from which has developed the 
splendid school with more than a thou- 
sand pupils which he still directs, is de- 
scended from a very old family that has 
been known in America for nearly three 
centuries, and traces its ancestry to Eng- 
land, where lived John Ellis, whose name 
was derived from the Welsh possessive 
form Aleck's, meaning Aleck's son. In- 
stead of saying William's David, or 
Aleck's John, the Welsh people used the 
expression "David, William's" or "John, 
Aleck's," and this practice gave rise 
to a long category of surnames as 
Jones (John's), Harris (Harry's), Ellis 

(I) The family of which Carlos Bent 
Ellis is a representative is descended 
from John Ellis, who settled in Lynn, 
Massachusetts, 1637-1638, and at Sand- 
wich, Barnstable county, Massachusetts, 
as early as 1641, and in 1643 is men- 
tioned in the town records as a person 
capable of bearing arms. This implies 
that he was a man of good report in the 
plantation there, a freeman, and a mem- 
ber of the church in good standing, as no 
others were permitted to appear upon the 


list of those "capable of bearing arms." 
In July, 1657, John Ellis, mentioned as 
"Lieutenant Ellis," was one of the four- 
teen freeman of Sandwich who signed the 
agreement to support a minister in the 
town : "We whose names are hereunder 
written, do hereby engage ourselves to 
pay towards the minister's support, 
yearly, the several sums as followeth — 
except as God by His Providence shall 
disenable us, or any of us remove out of 
Sandwich." To this cause John Ellis 
promised to pay one pound each year, 
there being only three of the whole num- 
ber who pledged a greater sum, which 
fact indicates that he was a man of means 
as well as of influence among the towns- 
men. The "Annals of Sandwich," in not- 
ing events of the year 1677, state that 
"Mr. John Ellis, the ancestor of those of 
the name in this town, one of the oldest 
and first settlers, died this year." John 
Ellis was by occupation a surveyor. 

John Ellis married, in 1645, Elizabeth 
Freeman, daughter of that Edmund Free- 
man, to whom, April 3, 1637, with nine 
associates, the town of Sandwich was 
granted, he being one of the leading pro- 
prietors of the town. Edmund Freeman 
was born in England about 1590, and 
came to New England in 1635, with his 
two sons, Edmund, Jr., and John, aged 
fifteen and eight, respectively, and two 
daughters, Alice, aged seventeen, and 
Elizabeth, aged twelve. Alice Freeman 
married William Paddy, of Plymouth, the 
first treasurer of the Colony, and Eliza- 
beth, third of her father's children, married 
John Ellis, of Sandwich. Edmund Free- 
man was not only conspicuous in town 
affairs, but from 1640 to 1646 inclusive 
was assistant in the government of the 
Colony. He lived to be ninety-two years 
old, dying in Sandwich in 1682. His sons, 
Edmund and John, were also prominent, 
both being deputies to the General Court. 

Lieutenant John and Elizabeth (Free- 
man) Ellis were the parents of eight chil- 
dren: Bennett, born in 1649; Mordecai, 
of whom further; Joel, born in 1655; 
Nathaniel, born in 1657; Matthias, ad- 
mitted freeman in Sandwich in 1681 ; 
John, married Sarah Holmes ; Samuel ; 
Freeman, admitted freeman 1681, married 
Mercy, surname unknown, and had sons 
Joel, Ebenezer, Mordecai, and Gideon. 

(II) Mordecai Ellis, son of John and 
Elizabeth (Freeman) Ellis, was born 
March 24, 1651, and died in 1715. He was 
made a freeman in 1681. He married 
Rebecca Clark. They were the parents of 
children : John, Samuel, Josiah, William, 
Mordecai, Jr., Benjamin, of whom further ; 
Sarah, Eleanor, Mary, and Rebecca. 

(III) Benjamin Ellis, son of Mordecai 
and Rebecca (Clark) Ellis, married and 
reared a family of children, among whom 
was Benjamin (2), of whom further. 

(IV) Benjamin (2) Ellis, son of Ben- 
jamin (i) Ellis, was born April 19, 1732. 
He married and reared a family of chil- 
dren, among whom was Samuel, of whom 

(V) Samuel Ellis, son of Benjamin (2) 
Ellis, was born May 2^, 1762, and died 
June 29, 1832. He married, and among 
his children was Charles, of whom 

(VI) Charles Ellis, son of Samuel 
Ellis, was born January 8, 1795, and died 
in 1851. He married Mary Pettingill, and 
among their children was Don Carlos 
Bent, of whom further. 

(VII) Don Carlos Bent Ellis, son of 
Charles and Mary (Pettingill) Ellis, was 
born in Montgomery county. New York, 
January 8, 1824, and died December 7, 
1912. He received his education in the 
public schools, was a farmer, and also 
learned the harnessmaker's trade while 
still a boy. During the later years of his 
life he followed farming exclusively, 


specializing in fruit, and becoming pro- 
ficient in that branch of agriculture. His 
religious affiliation was with the Metho- 
dist church. He married Elizabeth Hart, 
of Victor, New York, born in 1832, died 
in 1898, daughter of John Hart, and a 
descendant of Deacon Stephen Hart, who 
was born in 1605, and came to America 
in 1632, the line of descent being through : 
his son John, Captain John (2), Isaac, 
Isaac (2), Job, Jabesh, John, Elizabeth 
Hart, who married Don Carlos Bent Ellis. 
Don Carlos Bent and Elizabeth (Hart) 
Ellis became the parents of three children : 
Carlos B., of whom further; Walter, re- 
sides in Lockport, New York, and Emma, 
married William J. Campbell, and resides 
in Royalton, Niagara county. New York. 
(VIII) Carlos Bent Ellis, son of Don 
Carlos Bent and Elizabeth (Hart) Ellis, 
was born in Victor, New York, August 8, 
i860. He received his education in the 
public schools of his native town, in the 
Union School of Lockport, New York, 
and in the Genesee Wesleyan Seminary, 
of Lima, New York, from which he was 
graduated in 1882. After his graduation 
he taught for a few years, beginning in a 
small brick school house in the Western 
part of New York. He later went to 
Syracuse, where he studied law, and was 
admitted to the bar in 1888. Instead of 
practicing law, however, he again taught 
for a time, and then spent a year in travel, 
representing a publishing house. In 1892 
he came to Westfield, Massachusetts, 
where he taught in the high school for a 
period of six years, until 1898, in which 
year he accepted a position in the Central 
High School of Springfield, Massachu- 
setts. In those days there were few high 
schools which taught commercial sub- 
jects, and Mr. Ellis was keenly alive to 
the fact that a large percentage of the 
children who might have received the 
benefits of the high school course were 

unable to do so because of the necessity 
of learning to do something which would 
bring a financial return. He also realized 
that great numbers of boys and girls 
began the struggle to earn a livelihood 
absolutely without training, unskilled in 
any line of work, and without the broad- 
ening influences that high school training 
might bring into their lives. He therefore 
during the first year of his work in 
Springfield, in 1898, organized a com- 
mercial department, which began its 
career with thirty-seven pupils. That 
Mr. Ellis was meeting a real and not a 
fancied need was evidenced by the 
growth of the enrollment of the new de- 
partment. By 1906 the student body had 
outgrown its quarters, and the department 
was transferred to the Technical High 
School, where for four years more it in- 
creased so rapidly in scope, efficiency, and 
enrollment, that before 1910 it was clear 
to the school authorities and to all con- 
cerned that the commercial department 
of the Technical High School must soon 
be provided with a building of its own 
equipped to meet its special needs, if its 
rapidly increasing possibilities were to 
be given an opportunity for full develop- 
ment. In 1910 the result of much plan- 
ning and the exercise of much foresight 
and energetic activity were realized in 
the organization of the new High School 
of Commerce, of which Mr. Ellis, who 
had done more than any other one person 
to bring it into existence, was made prin- 
cipal. That position he still holds, and 
no better evidence of the quality of his 
work can be given than the fact that the 
modest commercial department organized 
by Mr. Ellis in 1898, as a part of the Cen- 
tral High School, has become the High 
School of Commerce, enrolling more than 
a thousand students, and graduating each 
year a large group of boys and girls who 
are well equipped to begin careers of use- 



fulness, and who, because they are skilled 
in some line of work that will yield them 
an economic return, may become at once 
economically independent and therefore 
free to develop special talents, or to earn 
the means for more advanced education 
if they so desire. The school is housed 
in one of the finest public school buildings 
in the United States, with every modern 
convenience known to the educational 
world. The value of the work of Mr. 
Ellis during the nearly a quarter of a cen- 
tury which he has given to the develop- 
ment of this department of educational 
work can never be estimated. Only in the 
lives of those who have received the bene- 
fits of those labors and in the lives of their 
children and their children's children can 
the results be recorded, and those living 
results can never be reduced to any form 
of statistical record. When Mr. Ellis has 
completed his work and left the scenes of 
his labors, influences which he has set in 
motion will still be at work through the 
lives of those who have had their powers 
developed and have been made economi- 
cally independent through the educational 
advantages which he helped to place 
within their reach. 

Mr. Ellis has been a member of the 
Chamber of Commerce for many years, 
and is now (1922) serving his second term 
as one of its board of directors. He is the 
second oldest principal in point of service 
in the city. He has been a member of 
the Massachusetts Teachers' Association 
and of the executive committee of that 
body for many years, and was president 
for two years. He is a member of the 
Methodist church, has been an active 
participant in its work, and has served as 
an official for some thirty years. 

On August 29, 1893, Carlos B. Ellis 
married Lesbia S. Christie, of Spring- 
field, Ohio, daughter of Edward P. and 
Mary Elizabeth (Boss) Christie, and 

granddaughter of John Christie, of New 
Hampshire. Mr. and Mrs. Ellis are the 
parents of two sons and two daughters: 
I. Sherman Christie, who was born in 
Westfield, Massachusetts, April 2, 1897; 
entered the ambulance service of the 
French army, going abroad and serving 
for six months in the front lines previous 
to the United States going into the World 
War. When the United States entered 
the war, he secured a transfer to the forces 
of his own country, and trained in France 
and Italy in the Officers' Training School, 
being commissioned second lieutenant. 
He returned to the United States shortly 
after the armistice was signed, and on his 
return to civil life was associated for a 
time with Gilbert and Barker, at present 
(1922) being with Charles Hall Company, 
Inc. 2. Carlos Bent, Jr., who was born 
in Springfield, Massachusetts, January 
18, 1900; enlisted in the Regular Army 
at the outbreak of the World War, being 
assigned to the Artillery Division. He 
went to France, where he entered the 
Officers' Training School, later receiving 
a commission as second lieutenant. He 
was assigned to the First Division with 
the Army of Occupation in Germany, 
where he remained until July, 1919, when 
he returned to the United States, and was 
honorably discharged. He is now a stu- 
dent at Wesleyan University. 3. Lesbia, 
born March 2^, 1901 ; educated in the pub- 
lic schools and Central High School, 
from which latter she was graduated in 
1921 ; is now (1922) a junior in Wesleyan 
University. 4. Margaret, born October 
31, 1909; is now a junior in the Spring- 
field High School. 

VAN SICKLE, James Hixon 

A well known educator and lecturer, 
now superintendent of schools in Spring- 
field, Massachusetts, James Hixon Van 
Sickle traces his ancestry to Holland. The 


name Van Sickle, or, as it is spelled in the 
old annals, Van Sicklen, originated in the 
"Low Countries" later known as Holland. 
The progenitor of the American family of 
that name was Ferdinandus Van Sickle, 
who came to this country in 1652. settled 
on Long Island, and died at Gravesend, 
Long Island, in 1712. He married Eva 
Antones Jansen, and they were the par- 
ents of children from whom are descended 
the various branches of the family now 
in America. As time passed, descendants 
of Ferdinandus Van Sickle migrated to 
other sections of the country, especially 
after the surrender of the Dutch posses- 
sions to the English in 1664, some of 
them going to Warren county, New Jer- 
sey, where James Van Sickle, grandfather 
of James Hixon Van Sickle, lived during 
the early years of his life. 

James Van Sickle was a farmer, sturdy, 
thrifty, and upright in his dealings. From 
Warren county, New Jersey, he removed 
to the western part of the State of New 
York, where he engaged in farming dur- 
ing the remainder of his active life. He 
married Hannah Landis, and they became 
the parents of one child, John. 

John Van Sickle, son of James and 
Hannah (Landis) Van Sickle, was born 
in Warren county. New Jersey, in 1821. 
In 1828 he went with his parents to the 
western part of New York State. Those 
were stirring times for the people of that 
part of the State. The opening of the 
Erie Canal (1820) meant increase of busi- 
ness and travel, lower cost of living, and 
easy access to the rich lands in the west- 
ern part of the State. So it was that John 
Van Sickle spent his years in Livingston 
county. New York ; and here when he 
grew to manhood he became a farmer of 
ability and means. Thrifty, capable, and 
dependable, he was a prominent man in 
the community, known not only for his 
skill as an agriculturist, but looked up to 

as a widely read and intelligent man of 
affairs. His interest in educational mat- 
ters led him to give much time and 
thought to the establishment of efficient 
schools in the newly opened sections, and 
his service in this field was recognized 
by his fellow-citizens. Honored and re- 
spected by friends and associates, he died 
in South Livonia, in December, 1891, hav- 
ing lived almost exactly his allotted three 
score and ten years. John Van Sickle 
married, in 1847, Alexina Curtis, born in 
Cayuga county. New York, in 1828, died 
in 1875, daughter of David and Sophia 
(Green) Curtis. They became the parents 
of three children : Sophia ; Ella (Mrs. A. 
W. Macy), deceased; and James H., of 
further mention. 

James Hixon Van Sickle, son of John 
and Alexina (Curtis) Van Sickle, was 
born in South Livonia, Livingston county. 
New York, October 24, 1852. He received 
his early education in the local schools 
which his father had done so much to 
establish and improve, and then entered 
New York State Normal School (now 
College), graduating in 1873. He taught 
for a time and then became a student in 
Williams College, 1876-77, afterwards re- 
moving to Colorado, where, in the inter- 
vals of teaching, he continued his studies 
in the State University. In 1896 he re- 
ceived the degree of Bachelor of Arts from 
the University of Colorado, and two years 
later from the same institution the degree 
of Master of Arts. The quality of his 
work as educator is evidenced by the fact 
that in 1905 the University of the State of 
New York conferred upon him the hon- 
orary degree of Doctor of Pedagogy, 
Likewise, in 1913, Williams College con- 
ferred upon him the honorary degree of 
Master of Arts. 

The educational work of Mr. Van Sickle 
has been widely varied, and represents 
almost every phase of the profession in 



the country. Beg-inning in the village 
schools of New Providence, New Jersey, 
he later taught in Caledonia, New York, 
and in Cook Academy, Monitour Falls, 
New York. After his removal to Color- 
ado he served first as principal of a city 
school in Denver, and later was made 
superintendent of the North Side schools 
of that city, his work in Denver covering 
the period from 1883 to 1900. From 1900 
to 191 1 he was superintendent of public 
instruction in Baltimore, Maryland. In 
191 1 he came to Springfield, Massachu- 
setts, as superintendent of the public 
schools of that city, where, with skill and 
efficiency, he has continued to discharge 
the duties of that office to the present 
time (1922). 

Besides the regular work of the teach- 
ing and administrative positions which 
he has held, Mr. Van Sickle has done a 
large amount of constructive work in 
allied fields. He is editor of the well- 
known "Riverside Readers," and of a 
series of arithmetics. As a member of the 
Committee of Eight of the American His- 
torical Association, he helped formulate 
the course of study in United States His- 
tory now standard throughout the coun- 
try. He served as a lecturer on school 
administration in the four summer ses- 
sions of the University of Chicago, 1902- 
1906; Yale, 1907; Cornell, 1908; Univers- 
ity of Tennessee, 1909-11; and Harvard 
1914-15. He has served as director of 
school surveys in many cities, including 
Bridgeport, Connecticut, 1913; Boston, 
Massachusetts, 1915 ; Harrisburg, Penn- 
sylvania, and Brookline, Massachusetts, 
1916; Lowell, Massachusetts, 1919; New- 
ton and Wellesley, Massachusetts, 1920. 
With all these activities Mr. Van Sickle 
has found time for active participation in 
the work of the National Educational As- 
sociation ; the National Council of Educa- 
tion ; the Southern Educational Associa- 

tion, of which he was president in 1900; 
and of the American School Peace League, 
1908-1913. He is a member of the college 
fraternity Phi Beta Kappa, being affiliated 
with the Alpha Chapter, University of 
Colorado, and in church affiliation he is 
a Congregationalist. 

On August I, 1883, Mr. Van Sickle 
married Caroline E. Valentine, of New 
Providence, New Jersey, daughter of Dan- 
iel and Mary Valentine. They are the 
parents of four children : Helen, Isabel, 
John Valentine, and Schuyler Curtis. The 
first daughter, educated at Maryland In- 
stitute of Art and Design, New York Art 
Students' League, Paris and Vienna, is a 
portrait artist; the second, educated at 
Goucher College, Baltimore, Berlin and 
Leipzig, married Dr. John Whyte and has 
a son, William. Both John V. and Schuy- 
ler C. Van Sickle served in the World 
War, John V. as lieutenant in the land 
forces, and Schuyler C. as an enlisted sea- 
man in the navy. Schuyler C. married 
Elizabeth Kilgour, and has a daughter, 
Caroline. Both John V. and Schuyler C. 
Van Sickle are graduates of Haverford 
College, and both hold the degree of Mas- 
ter of Arts from Harvard College. Schuy- 
ler C. Van Sickle is a teacher of history. 
After the close of the World War John V. 
Van Sickle was connected with the Amer- 
ican Embassy in Paris, and now (1922) is 
assistant to the Technical Adviser of 
Austria at Vienna. V/ 

WOODWARD, Harry Andrew 

Harry Andrew Woodward, president 
of the Chapin National Bank, of Spring- 
field, is of English extraction, and is de- 
scended from very old Colonial stock in 
this country, Henry Woodward, his pa- 
ternal ancestor, being recorded as a 
resident of Dorchester, Massachusetts, in 
1635. The surname Woodward is of fre- 
quent occurrence, and is derived from the 



name of an office which in the early days 
in England was extremely important to 
the aristocracy and often bore with 
peculiar hardship upon the common 
people. Only the nobility, those of the 
privileged classes had legal right to hunt 
or to cut down trees in the various for- 
ests and "woods" of the country. Com- 
mon people might pick up dead branches, 
let their pigs eat acorns, and enjoy a few 
other minor privileges, but the big things, 
such as the game and the timber, were for 
the favored few. In order that the 
"rights" of the privileged classes might 
not be infringed upon, officers called wood 
wardens were required to keep watch and 
report all offences against "vert and veni- 
son" at the forest courts. The life of the 
wood warden who rigorously discharged 
his duties made it necessary that those 
who filled that office should be men of 
great courage, strength, and sagacity. 
During the tenth, eleventh, and twelfth 
centuries, when the custom of using sur- 
names was gradually being adopted in 
England, the children of the wood ward 
most frequently came to be known as 
Woodwards, and then Woodward came 
to be the surname. 

(I) The branch of the family to which 
Harry Andrew Woodward belongs traces 
its ancestry to Henry Woodward, who 
was in Dorchester, Massachusetts, as 
early as 1635, and died in Northamp- 
ton, Massachusetts, in 1685. He reared a 
family of children among whom was a 
son, John. 

(II) John Woodward, son of Henry 
Woodward, became the father of John (2). 

(III) John (2) Woodward, son of John 
(i) Woodward, reared a family, among 
whom was Israel. 

(IV) Israel Woodward, son of John 
(2) Woodward, became the father of 

(V) Samuel Woodward, son of Israel 

Woodward, lived in Torrington, Connec- 
ticut. He married Mary Griswold, and 
they had children, among whom was 
Samuel Bayard. 

(VI) Samuel Bayard Woodward, son 
of Samuel and Mary (Griswold) Wood- 
ward, was born in Torrington, Connecti- 
cut, in 1787, and died in Northampton, 
Massachusetts, January 3, 1850, aged 
sixty-three years. He was a man of large 
ability, a noted physician and alienist, 
who stood foremost among the specialists 
of his profession. He received his pre- 
liminary education in the local schools 
and in nearby preparatory schools, and 
then entered Yale College, graduating 
from the medical department in 1812, with 
the degree of Doctor of Medicine. He 
rapidly rose in his profession, devoting 
his time largely to the study of mental 
and nervous disorders, and finally be- 
came an authority in his field. He was 
superintendent of the State Insane 
Asylum, at Worcester, Massachusetts, 
from 1833 to 1846, and filled the same 
office in the State Institution for the 
Insane at Northampton, Massachusetts, 
from 1846 to the time of his death in 
1850. He married Maria Porter, of Mas- 
sachusetts, and their children were: 
Charles ; Rufus ; Samuel ; Henry, of 
further mention ; Edward ; and two 

(VII) Henry (2) Woodward, son of 
Samuel Bayard and Maria (Porter) Wood- 
ward, was born in Wethersfield, Connec- 
ticut, in 1823, and died in Worcester, 
Massachusetts, in 1907. He received a 
practical education in the local schools of 
his native city, and then entered the Wor- 
cester Hospital as the first clerk in that 
institution of which his father was super- 
intendent. His interest was in financial 
and commercial administration rather 
than in the work of the institution which 
his father directed. He took advantage 



of his opportunity to become treasurer of 
the Worcester Mechanics' Savings Bank 
in Worcester. For fifty years he dis- 
charged the duties of that office, enjoying 
the absolute confidence as well as the love 
and esteem of his associates. A modest, 
unassuming man, he was a great lover of 
nature. The wide out-of-doors held 
charms for him which none but an artist 
may know, and many of his hours outside 
his bank were spent in the open. Loved 
and revered by family, hosts of friends 
and associates, and most highly esteemed 
by his fellow-citizens as an upright man 
of unquestioned integrity, his death left 
vacant a place difficult to fill. Henry 
Woodward married Mary Hunt, of 
Cherry Valley, Massachusetts, who died 
in 1871. Their children were: Alice H. ; 
Katy, who died young ; Maria P. ; Harry 
A., of further mention ; Norman P. ; and 
Mary H. 

(VIII) Harry Andrew Woodward, son 
of Henry (2) and Mary (Hunt) Wood- 
ward, was born in Worcester, Massachu- 
setts, August 4, 1863. He received his edu- 
cation in the public schools of Worcester, 
and when through school began his busi- 
ness career in the office of the Washburn 
& Moen Manufacturing Company, in 
Worcester. He remained with this com- 
pany for nine years. He became identi- 
fied with various banks and banking oper- 
ations, and for many years was engaged 
in selling bonds in New York City. In 
1916 he was chosen president of the 
Chapin National Bank, of Springfield, and 
this office he is still (1922) filling. His 
wide experience in similar and related 
lines of business has peculiarly fitted him 
for the responsibilities of this position 
and, like his father before him, he enjoys 
the confidence and high esteem of his 
associates and fellow-citizens. 

On January 25, 1888, Mr. Woodward 
married Charlotte Benson, of Worcester, 

Massachusetts, daughter of Silvanus and 
Charlotte (Kelley) Benson, and they have 
one son, James Henry Woodward. 

James Henry Woodward, son of Harry 
A. and Charlotte (Benson) Woodward, 
was born in New York City, October 12, 
1890. He received his early education in 
the schools of New York City, and then 
entered Harvard College. Leaving col- 
lege in 1914, he entered the banking busi- 
ness, in which his father was engaged, 
and is a bond salesman. In April, 1917, 
he enlisted for service in the World War, 
as a member of the Reserves. He entered 
into training at Annapolis, where he re- 
mained three months, and was then as- 
signed to the flagship in the Adriatic ser- 
vice. He was also with the patrol fleet 
in New York harbor, and was promoted 
to the rank of junior lieutenant. 

WHITE, Leander Warren 

Leander Warren White, vice-president 
of the Chicopee National Bank, has seen 
that organization develop from a small 
concern, requiring only seven people to 
handle its work, into its present impor- 
tant status as one of the largest institu- 
tions of its kind in the city, requiring 
forty-six people to take care of its varied 
interests. From the humble position of 
messenger boy to the responsible office of 
vice-president of the concern he has risen, 
growing with the institution, becoming 
thoroughly conversant with practically 
every phase of its operations, and render- 
ing valuable service in each of the various 
positions through which he has risen to 
his present office of trust. Mr. White is 
most highly esteemed in the community, 
is active in the Boy Scout movement, and 
is deeply interested in various other social 
and civic activities, as well as in two im- 
portant fraternal orders. 

The White family is a very old one, 
tracing its ancestry back to Elder John 



White, who was probably born in Eng- 
land about 1600, and died January i, 1684. 
He sailed on the ship "Lion" about June 
22, 1632, and landed in Boston, Massachu- 
setts, September 16, accompanied by his 
wife Mary and at least two children. Set- 
tling in Cambridge, he was assigned a 
"home lot" on "Cow Yard Row," with 
about thirty acres of outlying farm land. 
On August 5, 1633, he was allotted an ad- 
ditional three-quarters of an acre for a 
cow yard, this piece of land being located 
about where Harvard Library now stands. 
He was a member of the first Board of 
Selectmen of Cambridge, and was one of 
a group of about a hundred men, women, 
and children who left Cambridge and 
formed a new settlement at Hartford, 
where he was allotted about two acres on 
the east side of Governor street for a 
home lot and about two hundred and 
thirty acres of farm land. He was promi- 
nent in the affairs of the settlement, and, 
dissention arising in the Hartford church, 
he was one of the leaders of a group of 
about sixty who left Hartford and formed 
a new settlement at Hadley, Massachu- 
setts. Here his allotment for a home lot 
was about eight acres on the east side of 
Hadley street, with a large area of out- 
lying farm land. He returned to Hart- 
ford about 1670 and was elected elder in 
the South Church, which had shortly 
before been formed by a number who had 
left the First Church. John and Mary 
White were the parents of six children : i. 
Mary, married, February 29, 1646, Jona- 
than Gilbert, of Hartford; died Decem- 
ber 10, 1682. 2. Nathaniel, of further 
mention. 3. Sergeant John, died about 
September 15, 1725 ; married Sarah Bunce, 
who died June 20, 1676. 4. Lieutenant 
Daniel, born about 1639, died July 27, 
1713; married, November i, 1661, Sarah 
Crow, born March i, 1647, ^^^^ June 26, 
1719. 5. Sarah, married (first) Stephen 

Taylor, who died about September 8, 
1665 ; (second) Barnabas Hinsdale, died 
September 18, 1675 ; (third) Walter Hick- 
son, died April 3, 1696. 6. Ensign Jacob, 
born October 8, 1645, died in 1701 ; mar- 
ried Elizabeth Bunce, who died in 1716. 

(II) Captain Nathaniel White, son of 
John and Mary White, was born in Eng- 
land about 1629, and died August 27, 171 1. 
He was one of the original proprietors 
and first settlers of Middletown, Connec- 
ticut, and a prominent citizen, who was 
elected to the Legislature eighty-five 
times in the half-yearly elections, and last 
chosen at the age of eighty-one years. He 

married (first) Elizabeth , who 

died in 1690, aged about sixty-five years; 
(second) Martha, daughter of John Coit 
and widow of Hugh Mould. She died 
April 14, 1730, aged about eighty-six 
years. Children: i. Deacon Nathaniel 
(2), mentioned below. 2. Elizabeth, born 
March 7, 1655, died December 25, 1711; 
married Sergeant John Clark, who died 
July 26, 173 1. 3. John, born April 9, 
1657, died about July, 1748; married 

Mary . 4. Mary, born April 7, 

1659, died November 15, 1732; married 
(first), January 16, 1678, Jacob Cornwall, 
who died April 18, 1708, aged sixty-one 
years; (second), April 13, 1710, John 
Bacon, who died November 4, 1732, aged 
seventy years. 5. Ensign Daniel, born 
February 23, 1662, died December 18, 1739 ; 
married, in March, 1683, Susannah Mould, 
born April 2, 1663, died September 7, 
1754. 6. Sarah, born January 22, 1664; 
married John Smith. 7. Jacob, born May, 
1665, died March 29, 1738; married (first), 
February 4, 1692, Deborah Shepard, who 
died February 8, 1721, aged fifty-one 
years; (second), December 16, 1729, Re- 
becca (Willet) Ramney. 8. Joseph, born 
February 20, 1667, ^i^^ February 28, 
1725; married, April 3, 1693, May Mould, 
born July 26, 1665, died August ii, 1730. 



(III) Deacon Nathaniel (2) White, son 
of Captain Nathaniel (i) and Elizabeth 
White, was born July 7, 1652, in Middle- 
town, Connecticut, and died February 15, 
1742. He removed to Hadley about the 
time of his marriage and settled on the 
homestead of this grandfather. Elder John 
White, where he took the oath of alle- 
giance in February, 1679. -^^ was promi- 
nent in church and town affairs, and was 
a large land-owner, and one of those who 
served on the committee which was ap- 
pointed to arrange the seating of the con- 
gregation in the meeting house. He mar- 
ried, March 28, 1678, Elizabeth Savage, 
born June 3, 1655, died January 30, 1742, 
daughter of John Savage. Their chil- 
dren were: i. Elizabeth, born January 
13, 1679, d^^^ young. 2. Nathaniel, born 
November 4, 1680, died May 28, 1762; 
married, May 10, 1709, Esther Strong, 
who was born April 30, 1683, and died 
August II, 1756. 3. John, born Novem- 
ber 28, 1682, died about 1766; married 
(first), January 5, 1715, Martha Church, 
born September 23, 1694; (second), Feb- 
ruary 27, 1722, Abigail Atherton, who 
died May 10, 1766. 4. Sarah, probably 
died young. 5. Deacon Joseph, born Feb- 
ruary 28, 1687, died before 1770; married, 
February 3, 1709, Abigail Craft, born 
September 29, 1688, died November 15, 
1770. 6. Daniel, of further mention. 7. 
Jacob, born December 5, 1691, died in 
June, 1692. 8. Mary, born October 16, 
1693, died about 1720; married, January 
28, 1719, Israel Dickinson, who died April, 
1733- 9- Elizabeth, born November 8, 
1695, dis^i i" 17535 married, January 24, 
1716, Deacon Samuel Montague. 10. 
William, born August 15, 1698, died May 
30, 1774; married (first), March 22, 1728, 
Mary (Seldon) Taylor, born September 
27, 1703? died August 10, 1735; (second), 
June 2, 1737, Martha Warner, born Octo- 
ber 25, 1706, died October 3, 1787. 11. 
Ebenezer, born April 9, 1701, died March 

23, 1733 ; married, October 28, 1730, Ruth 
Atherton, who died April 29, 1785, aged 
eighty-four years. 

(IV) Daniel White, son of Deacon Na- 
thaniel (2) and Elizabeth (Savage) White, 
was born March i, 1690, and died October 
19, 1721. He married, in 1714, Hannah 
Bagg, who died December 11, 1764, aged 
seventy-two years. Their children were : 
I. Experience, born May 19, 171 5, died 
in 1758; married William Bliss, who died 
in 1758, aged forty-seven years. 2. Jacob, 
born November 13, 1716, died January 10, 
1762; married, February 2, 1745, Amy 
Stebbins, born August 6, 1724, died Octo- 
ber 7, 1760. 3'. Daniel, born June 22, 
1719; married Priscilla Leonard. 4. Pre- 
served, of further mention. 

(V) Preserved White, son of Daniel 
and Hannah (Bagg) White, was born in 
West Springfield, Massachusetts, August 
31, 1721. He settled in Springfield, and 
died July 16, 1802. He married (first), 
in 1740, Rachel Kilbourn ; (second), in 
1748, Mrs. Sarah Worthington. There 
were nine children, among whom was 
Preserved (2), of further mention. 

(VI) Preserved (2) White, son of Pre- 
served (i) and Rachel (Kilbourn) White, 
was born in West Springfield, Massachu- 
setts, November 25, 1743, and died June 
8, 1823. He married, August 20, 1767, 
Mary Terry, of Springfield, born 1745-46. 
died in 1804. They were the parents of 
thirteen children, among whom was 
Luther, of further mention. 

(VII) Luther White, son of Preserved 
(2) and Mary (Terry) White, was born 
in Springfield, Massachusetts, July 7, 
ly'J^i, and died April 13, 1850. He was 
an armorer by trade, and married, Octo- 
ber 30, 1799, Abigail Stebbins, who was 
born in 1780, and died in 1850. They were 
the parents of eight children, among 
whom was Norman S., of further men- 

(VIII) Norman Stebbins White, son of 



Luther and Abigail (Stebbins) White, 
was born in Springfield, Massachusetts, 
October 26, 1803, and died in 1879. ^^ 
married, October 26, 1828, Susan Noyes, 
who was born in Winchendon, Massa- 
chusetts, December 10, 1802, daughter of 
James and Hannah (Russell) Noyes. 
Norman S. White was a carpenter. The 
children of Norman S. and Susan (Noyes) 
White were: Helen M., born August, 
1829, died in 1835 ; Adelaide, born Janu- 
ary 21, 1831, died 1835; James Luther, 
born July 2^, 1833 ; Daniel Gates, of fur- 
ther mention ; George A., born Novem- 
ber 5, 1837; and John H., born July 11, 
1843, <^ied in 1844. 

(IX) Daniel Gates White, son of Nor- 
man S. and Susan (Noyes) White, was 
born in Springfield, Massachusetts, Feb- 
ruary 27, 1835, and died January 25, 1913. 
He received his education in the public 
schools, and at the outbreak of the Civil 
War learned the armorer's trade, which 
he followed throughout the greater part 
of the remainder of his life, with the ex- 
ception of three or four years during which 
he was in Providence as inspector of 
sabres manufactured for the Turkish Gov- 
ernment, being employed in the armory 
at Springfield, Massachusetts. He was a 
member of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, and a member of the Congrega- 
tional church. On November 20, 1862, he 
married Elizabeth Smith Emmons Dus- 
tin, born in Boxborough, Massachusetts, 
March 21, 1842, daughter of Leander Dus- 
tin, and they became the parents of three 
children : Herbert, who was born No- 
vember 18, 1863, and died in August, 1865 ; 
Leander W., of further mention ; and 
Minnie Belle. 

(X) Leander Warren White, son of 
Daniel Gates and Elizabeth Smith Em- 
mons (Dustin) White, was born in Spring- 
field, Massachusetts, April 16, 1866. He 
received his education in the grammar 

schools and in the high school of Spring- 
field, working in the store of Forbes & 
Wallace during two of the years he was 
attending high school. In 1883, upon the 
completion of his high school course, he 
entered the employ of the Chicopee Na- 
tional Bank as a runner, or messenger 
boy, and in this institution he has re- 
mained, working his way upward from 
messenger boy to clerk, from clerk to 
department bookkeeper, from department 
bookkeeper to ledger bookkeeper, and so 
on upward, becoming teller, cashier, and 
finally vice-president, which office he now 
holds. When Mr. White first came into 
the Chicopee National Bank, there were 
seven people in the employ of that organ- 
ization. At the present time (1922) the 
work of the bank requires the services of 
forty-six employees and has developed 
into one of the largest institutions of its 
kind in the city. 

Politically, Mr. White is a Republican. 
Fraternally, he is affiliated with Spring- 
field Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons ; 
and with De Soto Lodge, Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows. In the last-named 
order he held the office of recording sec- 
retary for thirty-three years, at the expi- 
ration of which time he was presented by 
the lodge with a handsome veteran's 
jewel, properly inscribed, as a token of 
their appreciation of faithful service. Mr. 
White is active in the Boy Scout move- 
ment, which he serves as treasurer of the 
Springfield Council. He is a member of 
the Nayasset Club, and his religious con- 
nection is with the Faith Congregational 
Church, of which he is auditor. 

Leander W. White married, on Novem- 
ber 25, 1896, Belle Joanna Piatt, of Spring- 
field, Massachusetts, daughter of Rev. 
Smith Harrison and Catherine Hervey 
(Bangs) Piatt, whose lineage is traced to 
Richard Piatt, the immigrant ancestor. 
(See Piatt line following). Leander W. 



White and Belle Joanna (Piatt) White are 
the parents of two children : Harrison 
Gates, born February lo, 1902, at Spring- 
field, who was a midshipman in the United 
States Naval Academy, at Annapolis, and 
is now studying electrical engineering in 
the Massachusetts Institute of Technol- 
ogy, in Boston ; and Gardner Warren, 
born November ij, 1906, at Springfield, 
who is a student in Springfield High 
School, class of 1924, 

(The Piatt Line). 

The name Piatt is early found, spelled 
in various ways, in many countries. In 
England, coats-of-arms were granted to 
half a dozen different branches of the fam- 
ily as early as the reign of Elizabeth, and 
to some as early as 1326. The Platts in 
America held office in Church and State, 
and have been landowners, deacons, tith- 
ingmen, and captains of militia. One of 
the family was imprisoned by Governor 
Andros, in 1681, for daring to help in 
devising means to "obtain redress of 
grievances under his arbitrary rule," and 
another was among those who marched 
to Fishkill to reinforce General Putnam 
during the Burgoyne campaign of Octo- 
ber, 1777. The family represents sturdy, 
loyal, efficient New England stock. 

(I) Deacon Richard Piatt, immigrant 
ancestor, was probably the Richard who 
was baptized, September 28, 1603, son of 
Joseph, in the parish of Bovington, Hert- 
fordshire, England. As early as 1638 he 
was settled in New Haven, Connecticut, 
and was one of a party of sixty-one who 
formed a church settlement at Milford, in 
the same colony, being the first settlers in 
that place, November 20, 1639. He was 
chosen deacon at Milford in 1669, ^^^ be- 
queathed a Bible to each of his nineteen 
grandsons. His will is dated January 24, 
1683-84. In August, 1889, a memorial 
stone, suitably inscribed, was placed in 
the new bridge over the Wapawaug river. 
Mass 11 — 2 

His children were: i. Mary, married 
(first) May i, 165 1, Luke Atkinson; (sec- 
ond), January 3, 1667, Thomas Wetherell. 
2. John, settled in Norwalk, and married 
Hannah Clark. 3. Isaac, who died at 
Huntington, July 31, 1691 ; married (first) 
at Milford, Connecticut, March 12, 1640, 
Phebe Smith ; (second) at Hunting- 
ton, about twenty years later, Elizabeth, 
daughter of James Wood. 4. Sarah. 5. 
Epenetus, baptized July 12, 1640; was an 
associate of his brother Isaac in his varied 
experiences. 6. Hannah, bom October i, 
1643. 7- Josiah, born in 1645. 8- Joseph, 
born in 1649 » rnarried in 1680, Mary Kel- 

(II) Joseph Piatt, son of Deacon Rich- 
ard Piatt, was baptized in 1649, ^^'^ dur- 
ing his mature life was known as Lieuten- 
ant Piatt. He married Mary Kellogg, of 
Norwalk, May 5, 1680, and they were the 
parents of children, among, whom was 

(III) Gideon Piatt, son of Joseph and 
Mary (Kellogg) Piatt, was baptized Sep- 
tember 29, 1700. He married, in 1726, 
Mary Buckingham, and they were the 
parents of children, among whom was 

(IV) Epenetus Piatt, son of Gideon 
and Mary (Buckingham) Piatt, was born 
at Milford, Connecticut, in February, 1738. 
He married Susanna Merwin, daughter 
of Joseph Merwin, and they were the par- 
ents of children, among whom was Epene- 
tus (2). 

(V) Epenetus (2) Piatt, son of Epene- 
tus (i) and Susanna (Merwin) Piatt, 
married Molly Stone, and among their 
children was Marshall. 

(VI) Marshall Piatt, son of Epenetus 
(2) and Molly (Stone) Piatt, married 
Tryphena Merwin, and they were the par- 
ents of children, among whom was Smith 

(VII) Rev. Smith Harrison Piatt, son 



of Marshall and Tryphena (Merwin) 
Piatt, was born in New Milford, Connec- 
ticut, December 14, 1828, and died in 
Southern Pines, North Carolina, October 
29, 1912. He received his preparatory 
education in Amenia Seminary, and an 
honorary degree from Weslyan Univer- 
sity. Upon the completion of his theolog- 
ical course, he was ordained a minister of 
the Methodist denomination. He was 
pastor of various churches from 1850 to 
1883, serving, first, Cornwall Bridge and 
Elworth, Connecticut, 1850-52; then Fair- 
field, Connecticut, 1853 ; Olinville, Mis- 
souri, 1854; Greenpoint, 1855; supernum- 
erary, 1856; Brooklyn, New York, 1857- 
1858; supernumerary, 1859-62; South- 
ville, 1863-64; West Winsted Church, 
1865-67; Brooklyn, Fleet 81, 1868-70; 
Bridgeport, Connecticut, 1871-73; Brook- 
lyn, 1874-76; Brooklyn Tabernacle, 1877; 
Ridgefield, 1878-80; and Southampton, 
1881-83. At Southampton, Mr. Piatt built 
a new church. He worked with all the 
enthusiasm and strength he possessed, 
and carried the project to completion, but 
the strain was too much for his health 
and in 1883 he was obliged to retire. He 
then, later, when his health was improved, 
obtained a degree of M. D. and devoted 
himself to the practice of medicine in 
Southampton and in Waterbury, Connec- 
ticut, and in that profession he continued 
during the remainder of his active life. 

Rev. Smith Harrison Piatt married, in 
1853, Catherine Hervey Bangs, who died 
at Ware, Massachusetts, May 14, 1901, 
daughter of William H. and Joanna 
(Hewgill-Reid) Bangs. They were the 
parents of three children: i. Mary Try- 
phena, born in Brooklyn, New York, 
March 11, 1858; married Rev. William R. 
Newhall, D. D., of the New England Con- 
ference, who died in Springfield, August 
18, 1890. 2. Henry Smith Marshall, de- 
ceased. 3. Belle Joanna, who married 
Leander Warren White. (See White X). 

RICE, Harry Edwin, M. D. 

Dr. Harry E. Rice, one of Springfield's 
prominent and highly esteemed physi- 
cians, comes of a very ancient family, and 
traces his ancestry in this country to Ed- 
mund Rice, who was born in Barkham- 
stead, England, in 1594, and came to 
America as early as 1638, settling in Sud- 
bury, Massachusetts, where he was a 
proprietor and a selectman in 1639. Ed- 
mund Rice was one of the first to build 
his house on the village plot of Sudbury, 
now Wayland, his house lot being on Old 
North street, near Mill Brook. He re- 
ceived his share in the various divisions 
of river meadow and other lands made 
September 4, 1639, April 20th and Novem- 
ber 18, 1640, and at later dates, receiving 
altogether two hundred forty-seven acres, 
and built his second house in the southern 
part of the town, between Timber Neck 
and the Glover farm. He sold land there 
to Thomas Axtell and to Philemon 
Whale, both of whom built houses there, 
and on September i, 1642, he sold his 
home to John Moore. On September 13, 
of the same year, he took a six-year lease 
of the Dunster farm on the east shore of 
Lake Cochituate, and bought land of 
Mary Axtell and of Philemon Whale and 
his son, thus locating the homestead at 
Rice's Spring. He then bought Whale's 
house and nine acres, forming the nucleus 
of the Rice homestead, which he sold to 
his son Edmund, and which was occupied 
by Edmund (2) and by his descendants 
down to a recent date. On September 29, 
1647, ^6 leased for a term of ten years, of 
President Dunster of Harvard College, 
guardian for the Glover heirs, what was 
known as the Glover farm. By the terms 
of the lease he was to erect a house on the 
place and a barn fifty feet long. Just 
before the expiration of the lease, April 
9, 1657, he bought the Jennison farm of 
two hundred acres, extending from the 
Dunster farm to the Weston line, and on 



this tract some of his descendants still 
live. On June 24, 1659, he and his son 
bought the Dunster farm. Besides all 
these grants and purchases, the General 
Court gave him fifty acres at Rice's End 
in 1652, and eighty acres near the Beaver 
Dam in 1659. Edmund (i) Rice was a 
prominent and influential man, and well 
educated, as legal documents in his hand- 
writing, still in existence^ prove. On Sep- 
tember 4, 1639, he was on the first com- 
mittee to apportion the meadows ; select- 
man 1639, 1644, and later at various 
times; deacon after 1648; deputy of the 
General Court 1654-1656; and one of the 
petitioners for Marlborough, he receiving 
a house lot there and removing to that 
place in 1660. He married (first) in Eng- 
land, Tamazine , who died June 13, 

1654; (second), March i, 1655, Mercy 
(Heard) Brigham, of Cambridge, who 
survived her husband. Edmund (i) Rice 
died May 3, 1663. His children were: 
Edward, of further mention ; Thomas ; 
Matthew ; Samuel ; Joseph ; Lydia ; Ed- 
mund (2) ; Benjamin ; Ruth ; and Ann. 

(II) Edward Rice, son of Edmund and 
Tamazine Rice, was born in England in 
1619, and died at Marlborough, Massa- 
chusetts, August 15, 1712, aged ninety- 
three years. He resided first in Sudbury, 
but removed to Marlborough in 1664, 
where he was a prominent man, active in 
the affairs of the town and of the church 
in which latter he served for many years 

as deacon. He married Anna , 

who died in Marlborough, June 4, 1713, 
aged eighty-three years. Their children 
were : John, born in 1647 ; Lydia, born 
July 30, 1648, died the same day; 
Lydia, born December 10, 1649; Edmund 
(3), born December 9, 1653; Daniel, born 
November 8, 1655 ; Caleb, born February 
5, 1657, died 1658; Jacob, born 1660; 
Anna, born November 19, 1661 ; Dorcas, 
born January 29, 1664; Benjamin, of 

further mention ; and Abigail, born May 
9, 1671. 

(III) Benjamin Rice, son of Edward 
and Anna Rice, died in Marlborough, 
February 23, 1748, aged eighty-three 
years. He married, at Sudbury, April i, 
1 69 1, Mary Graves, who died October 22, 
1736, aged sixty-six years. Their chil- 
dren were : Azariah, of further mention ; 
Lydia, born June 6, 1695 ; Elizabeth, born 
December 9, 1697; Simon, born January 
9, 1699; Zerrubabel, born January i, 
1702; Rachel, born November 2, 1703; 
Matthias, born April 4, 1706; Priscilla, 
born September 10, 1708; Damaris, born 
July 20, 1711. 

(IV) Azariah Rice, son of Benjamin 
and Mary (Graves) Rice, was born Au- 
gust 13, 1693, and died in 1779, aged 
eighty-six years. He resided at Brant- 
field, and married Hannah , who 

died June 30, 1754. Their children were: 
Jeremiah, born September 23, 1721 ; Ben- 
jamin, born February i, 1723; Olive, born 
November 7, 1726; Lorinda, born March 
17, 1729; Miriam, born November 26, 
1730; Jonas, born in 1731 ; Mary, born 
October 20, 1734; Ephraim, of further 
mention ; and Patience, born October 20, 


(V) Ephraim Rice, son of Azariah and 
Hannah Rice, was born October 28, 
1735. He married (first) Thankful 
Walker, April 14, 1757; (second) Zeriah 
Rice ; (third) Eunice Marks. His chil- 
dren were : Silas, of further mention ; 
Thankful, born 1761, died 1761 ; Levith, 
born September 13, 1763, died in infancy; 
Matthias, born July 9, 1765, died Decem- 
ber 8, 1805, and was a physician in Stur- 
bridge, Massachusetts ; Thankful, born 
October 9, 1767; Zeriah, born July 22, 
1772; Eunice, born 1775, died 1777; and 
Walker, born 1777, died 1786. 

(VI) Silas Rice, son of Ephraim and 
Thankful (Walker) Rice, was born Feb- 



ruary 20, 1758, and died September 20, 
1817. He resided in Brookfield for sev- 
eral years and then moved to Sturbridge, 
Massachusetts, later again removing, this 
time to Warren, Massachusetts, and 
finally returning to Brookfield. He mar- 
ried (first) Hannah Richardson, of 
Brookfield, January 4, 1781, who died in 
Brookfield. He married (second) Lydia 

, who died in 1813. Children of 

Silas and Hannah (Richardson) Rice 
were: Betsy, born November 25, 1781 ; 
Luther, born May 16, 1783; Thankful, 
born June 3, 1785 ; Cynthia, born Septem- 
ber 2, 1787, died June 17, 1810; Walker, 
of further mention; Lydia, born June 6, 
1793; Willard, born December 16, 1795, 
died in 1813; Levi, born March 27, 1798; 
Royal, born April 19, 1800; Matthias, 
born March 20, 1801 ; Larson, born April 
7, 1803; George, born June 21, 1813. All 
of these children except George were 
born to the first marriage. 

(VH) Walker Rice, son of Silas and 
Hannah (Richardson) Rice, was born in 
Sturbridge, Massachusetts, November 19, 
1791, and died in Williamsburg, Massa- 
chusetts, in August, 1868. He was a man 
of fine artistic taste, and became a nur- 
seryman of note and a landscape gar- 
dener, known in all the region round 
about for the beauty of his work and the 
superior quality of his plants, trees, and 
shrubs. He planted a number of the trees 
on Yale campus, New Haven. He mar- 
ried Lucretia Hubbard, and they became 
the parents of sixteen children, four of 
whom died in infancy. Those who lived 
to maturity were: Hannah; Lucretia; 
Elisha Hubbard ; Edwin D., of further 
mention ; Willard Walker ; Mary E. ; 
Charles; Julia; Sarah; Cornelia; Lewis; 
and Henry. All have now passed away. 

(VHI) Edwin D. Rice, son of Walker 
and Lucretia (Hubbard) Rice, was born 
in Williamsburg, Massachusetts, Novem- 

ber 14, 1822, and died July 16, 1901. He 
received a practical education in the local 
schools, and early in his business career 
engaged in the express business, becom- 
ing one of the first express messengers on 
the New York & New Haven railroad, 
and later being associated with the 
Thompson Express Company, of North- 
ampton, which subsequently was merged 
with the American Express Company. In 
i860 he entered a new line of business and 
went to Beauford county. South Carolina, 
where he superintended several cotton 
plantations for the government. In 1865 
he returned North and again changed his 
occupation, this time engaging in railroad 
construction work in association first with 
Dillon & Ripley, and later with Rice & 
Warner, both of which firms were promi- 
nent in promoting and building numerous 
railroad lines. Mr. Rice was very suc- 
cessful in this business and remained 
active in this line until his retirement in 
1886. After 1871 Mr. Rice made his home 
in Springfield, where he was a highly- 
esteemed and much-loved citizen, giving 
his support to all projects planned for the 
good of the city, and by his personal in- 
fluence and service he contributed to the 
betterment and progress of his commun- 
ity. His religious affiliation was with 
Olivet Church. He married Julia Cor- 
nelia Ripley (see Ripley VIII), who was 
born in Agawam, Massachusetts, Febru- 
ary 28, 1823, and died January 25, 1892, 
daughter of Harry and Azubah (Snow) 
Ripley. Edwin D. and Julia C. (Ripley) 
Rice were the parents of two children : 
Annie, who lives at home with her father ; 
and Harry Edwin, of further mention. 

(IX) Harry E. Rice, M. D., son of 
Edwin D. and Julia C. (Ripley) Rice, is 
a well known physician and surgeon of 
Springfield, where he has been in practice 
since 1884. He was born in Mount Ver- 
non, New York, July 22, i860. He was 



educated in the grammar and high schools 
of Springfield, and prepared to enter 
Yale College. Circumstances prevented 
his entering college, however, and instead 
he began the study of medicine with Dr. 
Luke Corcoran, of Springfield. In 1879 
he attended lectures in the New York 
Homoeopathic Medical College, from 
which he was graduated in 1883, and by 
competitive examination was appointed 
resident surgeon at Hahnemann Hospi- 
tal, New York City, where he was second 
assistant to the eminent surgeon and pro- 
fessor. Dr. William Todd Helmuth. Dr. 
Rice became a favorite of his noted super- 
ior, was made first assistant, and gained 
much valuable experience, especially in 
the difficult practice of gynaecology. 
After a year spent with Dr. Helmuth, Dr. 
Rice came to Springfield in 1884, and 
began practice in association with his old 
preceptor. Dr. Corcoran, at No. 486 Main 
street. At the end of eighteen months he 
terminated his connection with Dr. Cor- 
coran and continued practice alone, re- 
moving in 1890, to a more convenient and 
centrally located site at No. 236 State 
street, adjoining the City Library, and 
known as Wight place. From 1900 to 
191 1 he was engaged in special work in 
Boston, but with the exception of those 
years, the entire period of his professional 
activities, since 1884, has been passed in 

Dr. Rice is a member of all the medical 
societies of the State and also of the 
Hampden county societies. He is also a 
member of the Nayasset Club ; the Coun- 
try Club ; a charter member of the Win- 
throp Club ; and holds membership in the 
Algonquin Club of Boston ; the Boston 
Athletic Club ; and was a member of the 
University Club of Boston. 

Dr. Harry E. Rice married, on Novem- 
ber 10, 1886, Lillian Adams Stone, of 
Hartford, Connecticut, daughter of James 

B. and Julia (Green) Stone, of Hartford, 
and they are the parents of one daughter, 
Marjorie, who married, April 12, 1917, 
Samuel D. Weyman, formerly of Pitts- 
field, but now of Boston, and has two 
sons : William Dow Wyman, born Janu- 
ary 13, 1918; and Samuel D., Jr. 

(The Ripley Line). 

Mrs. Julia Cornelia (Ripley) Rice 
comes of very old Colonial stock, tracing 
her ancestry to William Ripley, who, in 
1638, came, with his wife, two sons, and 
two daughters, from Hingham, Norfolk 
county, England, to Hingham, Massachu- 
setts, the line of descent to Mrs. Rice 
being through John, of whom further. 

(II) John Ripley, son of William Rip- 
ley, was born in England, and died Feb- 
ruary 2, 1684. He married Elizabeth 
Hobart, and reared a family of children, 
among whom was Joshua, of whom 

(III) Joshua Ripley, son of John and 
Elizabeth (Hobart) Ripley, was born 
May 9, 1658, and died May 18, 1739. He 
removed to Windham, Connecticut, and 
married, November 28, 1682, Hannah 
Bradford, daughter of William Bradford, 
deputy-governor of Plymouth Colony, 
and granddaughter of Governor William 
Bradford, who came over in the "May- 
flower" in 1620. Joshua Ripley was the 
first town clerk and the treasurer of the 
town of Windham, and among his chil- 
dren was Jushua (2), of whom further. 

(IV) Joshua (2) Ripley, son of Joshua 
(i) Ripley, was born May 13, 1688, and 
died November 18, 1773. He married, 
December 3, 1712, Mary Bachus, and 
among their children was Ebenezer, of 
whom further. 

(V) Ebenezer Ripley, son of Joshua 
(2) and Mary (Bachus) Ripley, was born 
June 22, 1729, and died May 20, 1813, aged 
eighty-four years. He married, June 11, 



1752, Mehitable Burbank, and one of their 
children was Abraham, of whom further. 

(VI) Abraham Ripley, son of Eben- 
ezer and Mehitable (Burbank) Ripley, 
was born February 25, 1761, and died June 
15' 1835. He married, June 19, 1785, 
Mary Leonard. There were children, 
among whom was Harry, of whom 

(VII) Harry Ripley, son of Abraham 
and Mary (Leonard) Ripley, was born 
July 12, 1798, and died October 13, 1857. 
He married, August 21, 1820, Azubah 
Snow, and they were the parents of Julia 
Cornelia, of whom further. 

(VIII) Julia Cornelia Ripley, daughter 
of Harry and Azubah (Snow) Ripley, 
married Edwin D. Rice (see Rice VIII). 

WOOD, Clark Vemer N 

Among the eminently successful busi- 
ness men of Springfield, Massachusetts, 
is Clark Verner Wood, president of the 
New England Investment and Security 
Company, and of a group of railways in- 
cluding the Springfield Street Railway 
Company ; Worcester Consolidated Street 
Railway Company; Milford, Attleboro & 
Woonsocket Street Railway Company; 
Interstate Consolidated Street Railway 
Company ; and the Attleboro Branch Rail- 
road Company. 

Mr. Wood comes of a very old New 
England family, and bears a name which 
dates back to the days when men were dis- 
tinguished, not by surnames, but by their 
place of residence, their occupation, or by 
some distinguishing trait or characteris- 
tic. The name is of ancient English 
origin, corresponding to the French, de. 
Bois, and the German Walden, signifying 
"of the wood." Almost every wood in 
England surnamed some family in the 
tenth, eleventh, and twelfth centuries. 
In Domesday Book, the Latin form, de 
Silva is found in County Suffolk. In the 

Hundred Rolls, the forms de la Wode, in 
le Wode, and Ate Wode are found, show- 
ing clearly the mingling of Saxon and 
Norman elements in the gradual transi- 
tions through which the language was to 
pass as a result of the Norman Conquest. 
As time passes, these phrases of designa- 
tion were shortened more and more, the 
medieval spelling, as of Ate Wode, which 
became Atwood, becoming more abbre- 
viated and more compacted until, during 
the early years of settlement in this coun- 
try, the names Atwood and Wood were 
used interchangeably, some members of 
the various families bearing the name 
finally adopting the shorter form Wood, 
and others retaining the old form, At- 
wood. Many famous men in England 
and in America have belonged to the 
Wood family. In England and in Scot- 
land one hundred different coats-of-arms 
belong to various Wood families. A 
branch of the Scotch Wood family is 
numerous in Ireland, and the general 
similarity of design in the armorial bear- 
ings of many of these families indicates 
common origin at some remote period. 
The Derbyshire coat-of-arms, is as fol- 
lows : Arms — Azure three naked savages 
proper, each holding in the dexter hand a 
shield argent charged with a cross gules 
and in the sinister a club resting on the 
naked hand proper. The families bearing 
arms and the surname Wood are common 
in Devonshire, Gloucestershire, County 
Kent, and County Middlesex. Thomas 
Wood, Chief Justice of the Court of Com- 
mon Pleas in 1501, had these arms: 
Gules seniee of crosses crosslet fitchee 
argent three demi-woodmen holding 
clubs proper. The resemblance of this to 
the one first described is apparent. Vis- 
count Halifax bears arms as follows: 
Azure three naked savages ambulant in 
fess proper in the dexter hand of each a 
shield argent charged with a cross gules. 



in the sinister a club resting on the 
shoulder, also proper, on a canton ermine 
three lozenges conjoined fess sable. 
Crest — A savage as in the arms, the 
shield sable charged with a griffn's head 
erased argent. Motto: Perserandox. 
Most of the Scotch and Irish families 
bearing arms have the following, or one 
very like it : Azure an oak tree eradicated 
or. The family had estates in Fife or 
Forfarshire as early as the sixteenth cen- 
tury. Of vigorous stock, able, enterpris- 
ing, and in many cases possessed of 
ample means, many members of the 
various families of Wood or Atwood 
came to this country at a very early date. 
The immigrant ancestor of whom Clark 
Verner Wood is a descendant was Henry 
Wood, sometimes called Alias Atwood, 
and the line of descent as given in the 
Wood Genealogy by Eugene Preston, is 
traced as follows : 

(I) Henry Wood, sometimes called 
Alias Wood, was born in England in 
1594, and died in Middleboro, Massachu- 
setts, in 1670. He was a proprietor of 
Plymouth, September 16, 1641, and was 
on the list of the men of Plymouth able 
to bear arms in 1643, and removed to Mid- 
dleboro, Massachusetts, in 1644, having 
lived for a short time at Yarmouth, either 
before or after his period of residence at 
Plymouth. He married, April 28, 1644, 
Abigail Jenney, daughter of John and 
Sarah (Carey) Jenney, and they were the 
parents of eleven children : i. Sarah, who 
died in 1675, married John Nelson. 2. 
Samuel, born May 25, 1647, married Re- 
becca . 3. Jonathan, born January 

I, 1649, died in 1675. 4. David, of whom 
further. 5. Joseph, born 1652-3, married 
Hester Walker. 6. Benjamin, died (will 
proved) in 1690. 7. Abigail, married 
David Thomas, Jr. 8. Abiel, born in 
1658, married Abijah Bowen. 9. Susanna. 

10. James, born about 1660, married Ex- 
perience Fuller. II. Mary. 

(II) David Wood, son of Henry 
and Abigail (Jenney) Wood, was born 
October 17, 1651, at Middleboro, Massa- 
chusetts, and died^ there December 31, 
1718. He was one of the proprietors 
of Middleboro, and a member of the first 
military company of that place, January 
19, 1710-11. He married, March 5, 1684- 
1685, Mary Barker, daughter of John and 
Ann (Williams) Barker, and they were 
the parents of three children: i. John, 
born March 19, 1686, married (first) 

Sarah ; (second) Hannah Childs. 

2. David, born March 29, 1688, married 
Joanna Tilson. 3. Jabez, of whom 

(III) Jabez Wood, son of David and 
Mary (Barker) Wood, was born July i, 
1691. He married, January 17, 1719, Han- 
nah Nelson, and they were the parents of 
eight children: i. Jabez, born March 10, 
1720. 2. Thankful, born September 28, 
1722. 3. Nathan, of whom further. 4. 
Alice, born March 27, 1726. 5. Patience, 
born July 11, 1729. 6. Dinah, born De- 
cember 27, 1731. 7. Caleb, born October 
8, 1733. 8. Amos, born April 13, 1738. 

(IV) Nathan Wood, son of Jabez and 
Hannah (Nelson) Wood, was born 
March 14, 1723-4. According to the "His- 
tory of Middleboro," he was among the 
fifty families who removed from Middle- 
boro, Massachusetts, to Woodstock, Ver- 
mont. He married, July 11, 1757, Eliza- 
beth (Betty) Shaw, who was born in 
1735, and was still living with her son 
Eleazer, in Woodstock, Vermont, in 1819. 
They were the parents of children, among 
whom was Eleazer, of whom further. 

(V) Eleazer Wood, son of Nathan and 
Elizabeth (Betty) (Shaw) Wood, was 
born February 21, 1762, and died in 1845. 
He served in the Revolutionary War, and 



was later pensioned, as is evidenced by 
the following record copied from the Pen- 
sion Rolls at Washington, D. C. : 

On the 23 day of April, 1819, personally appeared 
Eleazer Wood, 57 years of age, resident in Wood- 
stock, Windsor county, Vermont. The deponent 
is by occupation a blacksmith, but is unable to work 
at his trade, and has been able to labor but little 
for seven or eight years. His family consists of 
mother, 84 years of age, his wife Patience, 54 years 
of age. Three children at home — Priscilla, aged 15 
years, feeble ; Orrin, 13 years of age, out of 
health ; Joseph, aged 9 years, rugged of life. 

The certificate of pension follows the 
above family data: 

Certificate of Pension of Eleazer Wood of 
Windsor county, Vermont, who was a private in 
the Massachusetts line for a term of three years. 
Served under Colonel Greaton. Certificate issued 
September 15, 1820, and sent to Edward Evans, 
agent, Enfield, New Hampshire. 

Eleazer Wood was living with his son 
Orrin, in Woodstock, in 1841. He mar- 
ried Patience Shaw, who was born in 
1765, and they were the parents of four 
children: Eleazer (2), of whom further; 
Priscilla, born in 1804; Orrin, born in 
1806; and Joseph, born in 1810. 

(VI) Eleazer (2) Wood, son of Eleazer 
(i) and Patience (Shaw) Wood, was 
born in Middleboro, Massachusetts, in 
1796, went with his parents to Wood- 
stock, Vermont, in 1798, and died in 1883. 
Following the custom and the necessity 
of the time, he combined with farming a 
trade, being an excellent blacksmith. He 
married Hannah Davis, daughter of 
Mason Davis. They were the parents of 
children: Hannah; Betsy; Frank E., of 
whom further; Henry; Cordelia; and 
Lorinda, who married Carlos S. French. 

(VII) Frank E. Wood, son of Eleazer 
(2) and Hannah (Davis) Wood, was born 
in Woodstock, Vermont, August 15, 
1825, and died June 13, 1913. He received 
a good, practical education in the public 

schools of his native town, and learned 
quite thoroughly the business of farming, 
but he did not become a tiller of the soil. 
Instead, he opened a general store, which 
supplied the people of his neighborhood 
with almost anything they might chance 
to need, from a penny's worth of candy or 
a bag of tobacco to a new plow, the "mak- 
ings" of a new dress or a barrel of sugar. 
He conducted a successful lumber busi- 
ness along with the management of his 
general store, and was a highly-esteemed 
citizen, neighbor, and friend. Public- 
spirited and sincerely interested in the 
welfare of his community, he served ef- 
ficiently and faithfully as a member of the 
Board of Selectmen and as a member of 
the School Committee. He lived in 
Rhode Island in later years, and died in 
West Barrington, in that State. Frank 
E. Wood married Elizabeth Ober, who 
died in November, 1915, and they were 
the parents of the following children : 
Carrie, who married George E. Wood- 
ward; Clark v., of whom further; and 
Fred O., who is superintendent of trans- 
portation of the Maine Central railroad, 
with headquarters at Portland, Maine. 

(VIII) Clark Verner Wood, son of 
Frank E. and Elizabeth (Ober) Wood, 
was born in Woodstock, Vermont, June 
8, 1863. He received his early education 
in the schools of Woodstock, Vermont, 
and then attended school at Groveton, 
New Hampshire, after which he learned 
telegraphy in the Western Union office 
at Woodstock. His interest in railroad 
work, and the preparation he had made 
even before he was through school, se- 
cured him a position as telegraph operator 
with the Western Union Telegraph Com- 
pany and later with the Grand Trunk 
railway, after which he became connected 
with the New York & New England rail- 
way as agent, being employed in different 
places in Connecticut, and at Providence, 



Rhode Island. He later resigned this 
position to become identified with the 
Pittsburgh & Lake Erie railroad, having 
charge of the passenger department in 
Pittsburgh. Later he became associated 
with Andrew Carnegie's road, between 
the Pittsburgh mills and Lake Erie ; then 
with the Pittsburgh Railways Company; 
then with the West Side Belt Railroad 
Company, as superintendent ; with the 
Pittsburgh Terminal Railroad Company, 
and the lines of the Wabash railroad east 
of Toledo. He then came East to identify 
himself with the electric railways of Mas- 
sachusetts, controlled by the New Eng- 
land Investment and Security Company 
and comprising a group of railways, in- 
cluding, as before stated, the Springfield 
Street Railway Company; Worcester 
Consolidated Street Railway Company; 
Milford, Attleboro & Woonsocket Street 
Railway Company; Interstate Consoli- 
dated Street Railway Company ; and the 
Attleboro Branch Railroad Company ; 
later becoming president of all these com- 

Mr. Wood is a member of Pittsburgh 
Lodge, No. 484, Free and Accepted 
Masons, of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania ; 
and all the York bodies, including 
Pittsburgh Commandery, No. i, Knights 
Templar; and all the Scottish Rite bodies, 
including the thirty-second degree, in 
Boston. His club affiliations are with the 
Nayasset Club, of Springfield. 

Clark Verner Wood married, on No- 
vember 19, 1883, Nellie E. Hall, of North 
Stratford, New Hampshire, daughter of 
Willis and Elizabeth (Capron) Hall, and 
granddaughter on the paternal side of 
Augustus Hall, of Brookfield, Massachu- 
setts. Clark Verner and Nellie E. (Hall) 
Wood are the parents of five children, 
three of whom are living. Children: i. 
Frank V., born in 1885, died in infancy. 
2. Frank E., born December 17, 1889, who 

is in the coal business in Boston, married 
Madeline Cook, of Springfield, Massachu- 
setts, daughter of F. C. and Sarah (Os- 
borne) Cook, and they have two children : 
Marjorie, born October 15, 1913, and Vir- 
ginia, born July 4, 1915. 3. Fred H., 
deceased. 4. Clark V., Jr., born March 
22, 1899, who is now with the electrical 
department of the Worcester Consoli- 
dated Street Railway Company ; married 
June 4, 1 92 1, Marjorie Goodrich Buck- 
land, of Wethersfield, Connecticut, daugh- 
ter' of Charles Edward and Mary (Gris- 
wold) Buckland. 5. Elizabeth, born Octo- 
ber 15, 1907, now attending MacDuffie's 
S^ool, in Springfield. 

JADLEY, Wallace Henry 

A native of Connecticut, and a resident 
of Springfield, Massachusetts, Wallace 
Henry Bradley, who is assistant treasurer 
and manager of the Springfield Gas Light 
Company, comes of an old English family. 

The first mention of the name Bradley 
is recorded in England in 1183, when at 
the feast of St. Cuthbert, in Lent, Lord 
Hugh, Bishop of Durham, caused all the 
revenues of his district to be described. 
Burke's "Survey of Bolton" mentions 
Roger de Bradley as holding forty acres 
at Bradley, and the Herald's Visitation of 
the County of York, 1663-64, mentions 
the marriage of Arthur Normanton to 
Isabel, daughter of Sir Francis Bradley. 
Fifteen coats-of-arms belonging to the 
name are given by Burke, the principal 
feature of most of these being a boar's 
head. The first of the name in America 
came from Bingley, in the West Riding 
of Yorkshire, about twelve miles north- 
east of Leeds, on the River Aire, and 
seven miles south of the town of Brad- 
ley (Broad Lea). The name is Anglo- 
Saxon, and signifies "broad meadow," or 

(I) William Bradley was a friend of 



Cromwell, a major in the Parliamentary 
army, who came to this country, and after 
living for a time at Branford and at Guil- 
ford, removed to New Haven, Connecti- 
cut, where he took the oath of fidelity, in 
August, 1644. He was the first land- 
owner in the present village of North 
Haven, and located on the west side of 
Quinnipiac river, where he acquired large 
landed interests. He was born about 
1620, in England, and married, at New 
Haven, February 18, 1645, Alice Prit- 
chard, daughter of Roger Pritchard, of 
Springfield. William Bradley died in 
1690, his wife surviving him until 1692. 
They were the parents of children, the 
third son being Isaac Bradley, of whom 

(II) Isaac Bradley, son of William and 
Alice (Pritchard) Bradley, was born in 
1652, and appears on the Branford records 
in 1674, described as "a sojourner in New 
Haven." He settled in East Haven in 
1683, and died there January 12, 1713, 
having survived his wife, Elizabeth, only 
nine days, her death having occurred 
January 3, 1713, at the age of fifty-six 
years. Their third son was Samuel Brad- 
ley, of whom further. 

(III) Samuel Bradley, third son of 
Isaac and Elizabeth Bradley, was born 
in 1686, and lived in East Haven, where 
he died March 23, 1758. He married, 
January 27, 171 5, Sarah Robinson, born 
December 24, 1695, died January 17, 1778, 
daughter of Jacob and Sarah (Hitchcock) 
Robinson, of East Haven. Among their 
children was Daniel, of whom further. 

(IV) Daniel Bradley, third son of Sam- 
uel and Sarah (Robinson) Bradley, was 
born about 1725-30, and settled in South- 
ington, Connecticut, in 1779. ^^ married, 
at Newington, January 23, 175 1, Sarah 
Judd, born November 9, 1729, in Glaston- 
bury, died November 19, 1764, eldest child 
of Benjamin and Sarah (Hollister) Judd. 

Among their children was Nehemiah, of 
whom further. 

(V) Nehemiah Bradley, third son of 
Daniel and Sarah (Judd) Bradley, was 
born in East Haven, Connecticut, April 
13, 1762, and lived in the Flanders district 
of Southington. He married Irene 

, and among their children was 

Harvey, of whom further. 

(VI) Harvey Bradley, third son of 
Nehemiah and Irene Bradley, was bap- 
tized March 13, 1794, in Southington, and 
settled in the home of his ancestors, near 
New Haven, He married, November 28, 
1821, Maria Atwater, born September 30, 
1801, in New Haven, daughter of Jared 
and Eunice (Dickerman) Atwater, and 
they were the parents of children, among 
who was John C, of whom further. 

(VII) John C. Bradley, fourth son of 
Harvey and Maria (Atwater) Bradley, 
was born in New Haven, Connecticut, 
October 11, 1836, and spent his entire 
active life in the place of his birth, his 
death occurring there December 24, 1897. 
In early manhood he was appointed 
cashier of the Merchants' National Bank 
in New Haven, Connecticut, in which 
capacity he served for a number of years, 
and later in life engaged in the real estate 
business, in which field he was very suc- 
cessful. He was a member of the city 
government of New Haven, his tenure of 
office being noted for efficiency, and he 
was a member of the Congregational 
church, which he served as head of the 
music committee. Being very fond of 
music and deeply interested in the welfare 
of his church, he was well qualified to 
hold the last-named office, and during his 
incumbency the people of the Congrega- 
tional church enjoyed notably excellent 
music. He married, October 19, 1858, 
Mary Josephine Mix, of New Haven, 
Connecticut, daughter of Henry and 
Azab (Tyrone) Mix, of that city, and 



they were the parents of six children : 
John C. Jr. ; Wallace Henry, of whom 
further; Elihu Atwater; Edward Mix; 
Lucius ; and Josephine. 

(VIII) Wallace Henry Bradley, son of 
John C. and Mary Josephine (Mix) Brad- 
ley, was born in New Haven, Connecti- 
cut, March lo, 1861. He attended the 
public schools of that city, obtaining a 
practical education, and his first experi- 
ence in business was gained in the em- 
ploy of a wholesale window shade com- 
pany, with whom he remained for two 
years. He then entered the employ of 
the Whitney Arms Company, remaining 
with them for a period of about eight 
years, until they were absorbed by the 
Winchester Arms Company. His next 
employment was in the manufacture of 
wire goods, and after severing this con- 
nection he went West, locating in Indian- 
apolis, Indiana, where he took a position 
with a wholesale house engaged in the 
manufacture of stoves. He traveled on 
the road for this concern for five j^ears, 
his route covering the Middle West, and 
at the expiration of that term of service 
returned East, where for the following 
five or six years he was located at New 
York City, in the employ of the Consoli- 
dated Gas Light Company. In 1904 Mr. 
Bradley came to Springfield, Massachu- 
setts, and became associated with the 
Springfield Gas Light Company as head 
of the newly-created business department, 
having the supervision of outside work, 
the extending mains, and attending to the 
appliance end of the business, gas heaters, 
gas ranges, etc. In 191 5 he was made as- 
sistant treasurer and manager of the com- 
pany, and these positions he has continued 
to hold to the present time. These pro- 
motions came as the result of strict atten- 
tion to every detail of the business and 
conscientious performance of every duty 
entrusted to him, and his efficient conduct 

of the business since his appointment as 
manager has fully justified the confidence 
placed in him. 

Mr. Bradley is also active in affairs out- 
side of the business of the company with 
which he is identified. He has served as 
director and vice-president (1921) of the 
Springfield Chamber of Commerce, and 
was chairman of the traffic bureau of that 
organization ; also as director and presi- 
dent of the Massachusetts State Chamber 
of Commerce; as president of the Public 
Service Associates, comprised of the 
mayor, superintendent of streets, officers 
of the water department, managers of 
railroads, street railways, etc. ; also as 
president of the Employers' Association. 
He is also a member of the board of direc- 
tors of the Chapin National Bank. In 
club life, too, he takes an active part, 
being a member and a director of the 
Rotary Club, and a member and one of the 
board of governors of the Nayasset Club, 
as well as a member of the Country Club 
and of the Springfield Automobile Club. 

Mr. Bradley married, June 13, 1888, 
Bertha E. Lyon, of White Plains, New 
York, daughter of Dr. Sylvester M. and 
Sarah J. (Collins) Lyon. Children: 
Leon Wallace, born in Brooklyn, New 
York, July 9, 1891 ; Whitney Lyon, born 
in New Haven, Connecticut, November 
22, 1893, married Lorena M. Bangs, of 
Machias, Maine, and has one son, Whit- 
ney Lyon, Jr., born May 9, 1919 ; Sheldon, 
born June 17, 1896; and Bertha Josephine, 
born in Indianapolis, Indiana, July 16, 

All of the sons of Mr. Bradley held im- 
portant positions in the navy during the 
World War. Leon W. Bradley, after en- 
listment, was sent to the Yale Boat 
House, New Haven, where he was de- 
tailed to take charge of the canteen and 
later was transferred to the Lake Torpedo 
Boat Company, where he served as gov- 



ernment cost inspector. Since his dis; 
charge he has been engaged in the exploi- 
tation of a rotary ash receiver. Whit- 
ney L. Bradley was sent to the Machias 
(Maine) station, and from there to 
Brooklyn, New York, from which station 
he was sent out on coast boats and sub- 
marine chasers. He is now engaged in 
the sardine packing business, at Addison, 
Maine. Sheldon Bradley was sent to the 
Yale Boat House with his brother, Leon 
W., where he was assigned to the wireless 
department. He served on a transport as 
signal boy, after attending the school at 
Pelham Bay; went overseas on the *Toco- 
hontas," later receiving a commission as 
ensign. Returning to this country, he 
was sent to the Sayville (Long Island) 
Wireless Station, where he was executive 
officer under Lieutenant Roosevelt. Still 
later he was sent to Annapolis, where he 
remained for six months, and was then 
assigned to the United States Steamship 
"New Hampshire," as communicating 
officer for overseas duty. His next assign- 
ment was to the destroyer "Cassian," and 
he was finally made executive officer of 
"Submarine Chaser No. 148," of which 
boat he had command when the armistice 
was signed, at which time he brought the 
vessel home. He is now identified with 
the Strathmore Paper Company. 

BROGA, William Wallace, M. D. 

The history of the Broga family in 
America begins with Andrew Broga, im- 
migrant ancestor, who was of French 
origin, and embarked for this country 
with his parents. They died on the way 
to America, and he, landing in Boston, 
Massachusetts, an orphan boy, found his 
way into Western Pennsylvania, where 
he lived in Blowford with a family by the 
name of Noble, by whom he was finally 
adopted. He served in the War of the 
Revolution, and was with Washington at 

Valley Forge. After the war he settled 
in the town of Becket, Massachusetts, 
where he became a farmer. He took an 
active interest in religious matters and 
was a member of the Congregational 
church. He was four times married; 
(first) to Huldah Waite, born February 
ID, 1761, daughter of Daniel and Hannah 
Waite. They were the parents of four 
children : Kinsman, of further mention ; 
Huldah, married Nathan Harris; Lois; 
and Eunice. He married (second) Experi- 
ence Smith, of Becket, Massachusetts, and 
they were the parents of eight children : 
Stephen, Curtis, Franklin, Daniel, Susan, 
Mathias, Miriam, and Martin. His third 
wife was the Widow Ingram, and the 
fourth was Nancy Chase, neither of 
whom had children. 

(II) Kinsman Broga, son of Andrew 
and Huldah (Waite) Broga, was born in 
Becket, Massachusetts, and spent his 
entire life there. He was a farmer and a 
building mover, and being the only man 
in the region who was equipped for the 
latter work, he did all the moving of 
buildings for the country round about, 
using oxen to furnish the power. He mar- 
ried Miriam Cole, born January 17, 1795, 
daughter of Timothy Cole, and they be- 
came the parents of six children : Waite 
C, of whom further ; William ; Dwight ; 
Charles ; Almira ; and Marion. 

(HI) Waite Cole Broga, son of Kins- 
man and Miriam (Cole) Broga, was born 
in Becket, Massachusetts, February 29, 
1816, and died September 30, 1893, in 
Westfield, Massachusetts. He received 
his education in the public schools, and 
as a young man learned the boot and 
shoemaker's trade and made good stout 
boots and shoes in Becket, later moving 
to Otis, Massachusetts, forming a partner- 
ship with I. L. Bristor. Here he engaged 
in the manufacture of hand hay rakes, 
purchasing the standing trees, superin- 



tending the cutting- and hauling of them 
into his own saw mills, where they were cut 
into timber, the timber then being trans- 
ferred to Mr. Broga's own factory, where 
it was manufactured into hay rakes. He 
followed this business extensively and suc- 
cessfully for many years, giving employ- 
ment to many people. Retiring late in 
life, he spent his remaining years with his 
son Marcus, in Westfield. He married 
Mary Judd, of Tyringham, Massachusetts, 
born June 24, 1825, died August, 1896, 
daughter of Oliver and Cynthia (Lorg- 
don) Judd. Their children were : i. Wal- 
lace B. K., who graduated from Brown 
University as a member of Phi Beta 
Kappa, then entered the Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology, graduating June 
12, 1922, with honors. 2. Marcus Morton, 
born at Otis, Massachusetts, November 
28, 1846, now deceased. 3. Julia Ellen, 
now deceased ; she married William R. 
Smith, also deceased. 4. William W., of 
further mention. 5. Helen Alice, who 
married Dr. Shepardson, of Chester, Mas- 
sachusetts, now deceased ; they adopted 
a daughter, Elizabeth, a graduate of 
Mount Holyoke College ; and she is now 
successfully engaged in teaching English 
in Worcester, Massachusetts. 6. Mary 
Idel, born in 1858, who married Professor 
Dove, of Providence, Rhode Island. 

(IV) William Wallace Broga, son of 
Waite Cole and Mary (Judd) Broga, was 
born in Otis, Massachusetts, April 19, 
1853. He received his early education in 
the district school of Otis and at South 
Berkshire Institute, New Marlboro, Mas- 
sachusetts. He then entered Dartmouth 
College, where he remained for three 
years. He next entered Albany Medical 
College, but did not graduate until 1887, 
a serious illness having prevented an 
earlier completion of his preparation for 
his chosen profession. He at once began 
the practice of medicine in East Long- 

meadow, Massachusetts, where he re- 
mained for five years, coming to Spring- 
field in 1892. Here Dr. Broga has built 
up a large and successful practice, and 
made for himself a large place in the es- 
teem of his associates, his patients, and 
his fellow-townsmen. Dr. Broga is a 
member of the Springfield Medical Club 
and of the Nayasset Club. In his school 
he is the second oldest in practice, having 
been in active practice thirty-five years. 

HOWE, Frederick Griggs 

As sole owner and manager of the Tay- 
lor Music House, Frederick Griggs Howe 
is one of the successful business men of 
Springfield, Massachusetts. He comes of 
very old colonial stock, tracing his ances- 
try in this country to John Howe (3), who 
was in Massachusetts as early as 1639. In 
England the line is traced still further 
back to the days of John Howe (i), of 
Hodinhull, who was a descendant of Lord 
Charles Howe. 

The name Howe, or Hoo, as it was once 
written, meant a hill. Da La Howe was 
the original name of the family when they 
came from Normandy with William the 
Conqueror, and it meant literally, as then 
written, "from the hills." Thus the first 
Mr. Howe was the man who lived on the 
hill or among the hills. Many distin- 
guished men have borne this name during 
the centuries that have passed since the 
Norman Conquest of England, and many 
others who are of the family though not 
of the name have likewise contributed 
much to their day and generation. Hon- 
orable Timothy C. Howe, United States 
Senator from Wisconsin, and postmaster- 
general in President Arthur's cabinet, is 
one of the more recent distinguished rep- 
resentatives of the name, and Major-Gen- 
eral Nathaniel F. Banks, Governor of 
Massachusetts and Speaker of the Na- 
tional House of Representatives, was one 



of family blood not bearing the name, who 
rendered valuable service. 

(I) John (3) Howe, immigrant ances- 
tor of the branch of the family to which 
Frederick Griggs Howe, of Springfield, 
belongs, was the son of John (2) Howe, 
of Warwickshire, England, and the grand- 
son of John (i) Howe, of Hodinhull, a 
descendant of Lord Charles Howe. John 
Howe (3) was in Sudbury, Massachu- 
setts, in 1639, was made a freeman in 1641, 
and selectman in 1643. He was one of the 
petitioners from Sudbury to the General 
Court, in 1656, for a grant of land, and on 
May I of that year a tract six miles square 
was granted with conditions of settlement 
"so as to be able to maintain a ministry." 
It was then called Whipperwicke, but is 
now known as Marlborough. At the first 
grantee's meeting, held September 25, 
1656, John Howe was one of the select 
committee chosen to organize a new plan- 
tation, and he was the first white settler 
there. About one hundred rods from the 
Spring Hill meeting house, near the In- 
dian planting field, he built his log cabin, 
which was later replaced by a more com- 
modious dwelling in which for many gen- 
erations members of the Howe family 
lived. For the accommodation of occa- 
sional travelers, John Howe later kept a 
tavern. He enjoyed the friendship and 
confidence of the Indians of the neighbor- 
hood and they sometimes brought to him, 
for settlement, matters of dispute among 
themselves. On one of these occasions 
the cause of dispute was a pumpkin which, 
having been planted in one field grew 
over the line into an adjoining lot owned 
by another Indian. Both claimed the 
pumpkin. John Howe heard both sides 
of the story and then cut the pumpkin, 
dividing it equally between the two claim- 
ants, to the satisfaction of both. That he 
was a man of influence and greatly trusted 
is evidenced by the fact that the General 

Court referred to Goodman Howe and 
Goodman Rice a claim made upon it by 
Thomas Denforth. He died in Marlbor- 
ough in 1687, and was survived by his 
wife Mary about two years. The chil- 
dren of John (3) and Mary Howe were : 
John ; Samuel ; Sarah ; Mary, who died 
early ; Isaac, of further mention ; Josiah ; 
Mary ; Thomas ; Daniel ; Alexander ; and 
Eleazer. A grandson of John Howe (3) 
(through Samuel), whose name was Da- 
vid, built the old Howe Tavern on the 
Boston road, which has been immortal- 
ized by Longfellow as the "Wayside Inn." 

(II) Isaac Howe, third son of John (3) 
and Mary Howe, was born in Marlbor- 
ough, August 8, 1648, and died there De- 
cember 9, 1724. He was commander of 
Garrison No. 6 on the Southborough road, 
near the present Newton railroad station. 
He married (first) Frances Wood, Janu- 
ary 17, 1671. She died May 14, 1718, and 
he married (second), December 2, 1718, 
Susanna Sibley, of Sutton. Children : 
Elizabeth; Mary; John, died young; 
John, of further mention ; Bethiah ; Han- 
nah ; and Thankful. 

(III) John (4) Howe, third son of 
Isaac and Frances (Wood) Howe, was 
born in Marlborough, September 16, 1682, 
and died May 19, 1754. He married, No- 
vember 3, 1703, Deliverance Rice, daugh- 
ter of John and Tabitha (Stone) Rice, of 
Sudbury, and their children were: Jeze- 
niah ; Matthias; Isaac; Benjamin; Ta- 
bitha; Patience; Paul, of further men- 
tion ; Mary ; Frances ; and Abigail. 

(IV) Paul Howe, fifth son of John (4) 
and Deliverance (Rice) Howe, was born 
in Marlborough, June 8, 1715, and died in 
Paxton, Massachusetts, in 1798, aged 
seventy-two years. He married and reared 
a family of children, among whom was 

(V) Jonah Howe, son of Paul Howe, 
was born at Paxton, Massachusetts, in 



1746, and died in 1832, at the age of 
eig-hty-six years. He served in the Revo- 
lutionary War, and took part in the bat- 
tle of Lexington, at which time he held 
the rank of corporal. He married Sarah 
Newton, and among their children was 

(VI) Rufus Howe, son of Jonah and 
Sarah (Newton) Howe, was born in Pax- 
ton, Massachusetts, in 1768, and died v/ 
Grafton, in 1856, aged eighty-seven years. 
He served in the War of 1812, attaining 
the rank of captain. He married Amelia 
Brown, of Paxton, and they were the par 
ents of ten children, all born in Vermont 
or in Massachusetts. They were : Tyler 
Howe, who married Ruth Burgess, and 
among their children was Bobella, who 
served in the Civil War and died on his 
way home from St. Louis at the close of 
the war; George, who married Lydia 
Perry; Harriet; Emily, who married Sila 
D. Harrington ; Sally, who married Eli- 
jah Smith ; Jonah, who married 

Boyington ; Franklin, of whom further ; 
Abel B., who married Sophia Wooley ; 
Louise ; and Rufus. 

(VII) Franklin Howe, son of Rufus 
and Amelia (Brown) Howe, was born in 
Grafton, Vermont, March 27, 1800, and 
died in Millbury, Massachusetts, in Feb- 
ruary, 1884, aged eighty-four years. He 
received his education in the local schools 
and then engaged in farming, being highly 
esteemed as a good, thrifty, and practical 
farmer. He was a man of unusual intel- 
ligence, well-informed concerning public 
affairs, and a wonderful reader along 
many lines of interest. He removed to 
Massachusetts in 1840, and was an at- 
tendant of the Congregational church. He 
married Rohanah Huggins Brown, and 
their children were : Sarah Relief, who 
married George A. Bodge ; Jonas Frank- 
lin, of further mention ; Captain Edward 
E,, who served during the Civil War in 

the 2 1 St Massachusetts Regiment, at- 
tached to the Ninth Army Corps, under 
General Burnside and, ranking as captain, 
was the only officer of his company who 
returned at the close of the war ; Elbridge 
Gary, who married Ellen Hurlbert ; Mary 
Augusta, who married Nelson N. Mowry; 
Martha Ann, married James Stoddard, 
who was a corporal in the Civil War, was 
seven times wounded, and died in 1871 ; 
George Brown, who married twice ; and 
Orilla Amelia, who married Norman 
Stevens, of Minneapolis, Minnesota. 

(VIII) Jonas Franklin Howe, son of 
Franklin and Rohanah Huggins (Brown) 
Howe, was born in Grafton, Vermont, 
September 18, 1833, ^"^ ^^^^ i" Spring- 
field, Massachusetts, January 21, 1920. 
He received his preliminary education in 
the public schools of Millbury and in Mill- 
bury Academy. When school days were 
over, he learned the mason's trade and 
being a man of energy and large ability, 
soon became a contractor and builder. He 
went to Minneapolis, Minnesota, where 
he engaged in contracting and building, 
but eventually, he returned East and fin- 
ally located in Springfield, Massachusetts, 
where, until his retirement, he again en- 
gaged in contracting and building. About 
twenty-five years prior to his death, he 
retired. Fraternally, he was afifiliated 
with Hampden Lodge, Free and Accepted 
Masons, and at the time of his death was 
next to the oldest Mason in his lodge. 

On December 3, 1857, Jonas Franklin 
Howe married (first) Maria Griggs, who 
was born in North Haven, Connecticut, 
in 1834, and died June i, 1898, daughter 
of Leverett and Catherine (Stearns) 
Griggs ; (second) Charlotte S. Griggs. 
Mr. and Mrs. Howe were the parents of 
children : Frederick G., of further men- 
tion ; Edward E., who died in infancy ; 
and George M. 

(IX) Frederick Griggs Howe, son of 



Jonas Franklin and Maria (Griggs) Howe, 
was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota, July 
15, 1859. His parents removed to Spring- 
field when he was a small child, and in the 
public schools of that city he received his 
education. He later removed to Rock- 
ville, Connecticut, and took a position 
with the National Bank of Rockville, as 
teller. In 1880, however, he returned to 
Springfield, and here he later became 
manager of the Taylor Music House. In- 
1908 he bought out the Taylor interests 
and since that time has been the sole 
owner and proprietor of the business, 
which he still conducts under the Tay- 
lor name. For twenty years the business 
was located at the corner of Main and 
Pynchon streets, from which location it 
was moved to the Young Men's Christian 
Association building on State street, 
where it was housed for ten years. For 
the past seven years it has occupied it? 
present quarters at No. 476 Main street. 
Mr. Howe is also president of the Aller 
& Howe Company, Incorporated, Insur- 
ance, of Springfield, Boston, and New 
York City. 

Mr. Howe was a charter member of 
Springfield Lodge, Free and Accepted 
Masons, in which order he has taken all 
the York rites, and is a member of Spring- 
field Commandery, Knights Templar; and 
of Melha Temple, Ancient Arabic Order 
Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. He is also 
affiliated with De Soto Lodge, Independ- 
ent Order of Odd Fellows; and with the 
Colony Club, Nayasset Club; and Pub- 
licity Club. He is a member of the Spring- 
field Chamber of Commerce, and his reli- 
gious affiliation is with Hope Congrega- 
tional Church, of which he is a trustee. 

On February 14, 1884, he married Clara 
Eliza Richards, who was born in Long- 
meadow, but resided in Springfield, 
daughter of Rodolphus P. and Sarah 
(Burt) Richards, and they are the par- 

ents of two children: i. Walter Richards, 
born April 28, 1885 ; married, February 
14, 1910, Helen Hosford, of Haydenville, 
Massachusetts, and has a son, Walter 
Richards, Jr., born June 23, 1914. 2. 
Frederick G., Jr., born September 29, 1888. 
He served for two years during the World 
War as a member of the medical depart- 
ment, being located at various times on 
five different fronts. He is now with the 
Boston Consolidated Gas Company, of 
Waltham, Massachusetts. 

HAYNES, Cyrus Hunt 

The Haynes family is a very old one, 
and the early records have been carefully 
preserved by one John Haynes, born in 
1684, who wrote an account of the fami- 
lies of his great-grandparents, Walter 
Haynes and Peter Noyes. The account 
was written later than 1772, since that 
date is mentioned, and was probably pre- 
pared when the writer was nearly ninety 
years old. Copies of the original docu- 
ment have been handed down from gen- 
eration to generation and are in the 
possession of representatives of the fam- 
ily still living. 

(I) Walter Haynes, immigrant ances- 
tor, was born in England in 1583, in the 
town of Sutton, Mandeville, in the County 
of Wilts. He owned a house and out- 
buildings in the village of Shaston, on the 
Island of Purbeck, in the southeastern 
part of Dorsetshire. He was a weaver by 
trade, and, like many other courageous 
and enterprising spirits, decided to try 
his fortune in the New World, even 
though he had reached the age of fifty- 
five years. In 1638, with his wife, his 
sons, Thomas, John, and Josiah, all under 
sixteen years of age, and daughters, Suf- 
france and Mary, he sailed from South- 
ampton, England, bound for New Eng- 
land, the land of larger opportunities. In 
due course of time they arrived on the 



ship "Confidence," and settled first at 
Watertown. About a year later, how- 
ever, he, with several others, obtained a 
grant for a township named Sudbury, 
and on December 22, 1639, he settled upon 
the new site. The new community grew 
and prospered, and Walter Haynes and 
his family became active and prominent 
citizens. He was made a freeman in 
1640; was representative in the years 
1641-44-48-51 ; and was one of the select- 
men of Sudbury for ten years. He died 
February 14, 1665, aged eighty-two years, 
he and his wife, Elizabeth, having reared 
a family of six children : Thomas ; John ; 
Josiah, of further mention ; Suffrance ; 
Mary; and another who remained in Eng- 

(II) Josiah Haynes, son of Walter and 
Elizabeth Haynes, was born in England 
and came with his father's family to this 
country when he was but a lad. He mar- 
ried, November 13, 1646, Elizabeth 
(Noyes) Freeman, daughter of Peter 
Noyes and widow of John Freeman. 
Peter Noyes came from England in 1638 
in the same ship with Walter Haynes, 
abovementioned, bringing with him three 
sons and three daughters : Thomas, 
Peter, Josephus, Dorothy, Elizabeth, and 
Abigail. The children of Josiah and Eliza- 
beth (Noyes-Freeman) Haynes were: 
Josiah (2), of further mention; Caleb, 
Joshua, Deborah, and Abigail. 

(III) Josiah (2) Haynes, eldest son of 
Josiah (i) and Elizabeth (Noyes-Free- 
man) Haynes, was born April 27, 1655, 
and died in 1743. He married, about 
1685, Abigail Stark, and they were the 
parents of four children: Josiah (3), of 
further mention ; Caleb ; and a son and a 
daughter whose names are not preserved. 

(IV) Josiah (3) Haynes, eldest child of 
Josiah (2) and Abigail (Stark) Haynes, 
was the father of two sons : Joshua, of 
whom further; and Jason. 

Mass 11 — 3 

(V) Joshua Haynes, eldest son of 
Josiah (3) Haynes, was born in 1707, and 
had children : Joshua (2) ; Rachel ; Dor- 
othy ; John, of whom further; Susanna; 
and Silas. 

(VI) John Haynes, second son of 
Joshua Haynes, was born in 1762. He 
had children : Sally ; Tilly ; Reuben ; 
Stephen ; John ; David ; and Lyman, of 
whom further. 

(VII) Lyman Haynes, youngest child 
of John Haynes, was born in Sudbury, 
October 13, 1803, and died in Billerica, 
December 21, 1869. He was born on a 
farm, and like most of the lads of his 
time spent his early years in that occupa- 
tion. As was also the custom of the time, 
he combined with farming a trade which 
could be engaged in during the less busy 
seasons on the farm. He chose brick- 
making as his secondary occupation, and 
for about six years before and after his 
marriage farmed and made bricks. In 
1832 the railroad which was being built 
from Boston to Lowell seemed to offer 
opportunities, and Mr. Haynes, with a 
friend, went to Billerica to look the work 
over, intending, if it pleased him, to try 
to obtain contracts for constructing road 
beds. He was not pleased with what he 
saw, and returning to the hotel at which 
he had dined before inspecting the rail- 
road work, he leased it, and a short time 
afterward engaged in business as a hotel 
man. His establishment was known as 
the "Corner," and later he bought the 
property at the corner of Andover street, 
where he remained until 1842. He then 
exchanged his hotel for a farm in Bil- 
lerica, moved to the village, and, forming 
a partnership with Anthony Jones and 
Dudley Foster, engaged in real estate 
business. This line of work he carried 
on for eight or ten years, living upon a 
farm which he devoted largely to the cul- 
ture of fruit, specializing in peaches. Mr. 



Haynes supported the Whig party until 
the rise of the Republican party, after 
which he was a staunch promoter of the 
principles and candidates of that party. 

Mr. Haynes married, May 28, 1826, at 
Sudbury, Caroline Hunt, who was born 
in Sudbury, June 9, 1808, and died at the 
United States Hotel, in Boston, June 5, 
1882. She was the daughter of William 
and Thankful (Wheeler) Hunt, and sur- 
vived her husband twenty-three years, 
being a resident of Springfield during a 
large part of that time. She bought a 
house at No. 59 St. James avenue, where 
several of her children have since lived. 
The children of Lyman and Caroline 
(Hunt) Haynes were: i. Tilly, born in 
Sudbury, February 12, 1828, died in Bos- 
ton, August 10, 1901. 2. Theodore L., 
born in Sudbury, April 2, 1830, died in 
Springfield, December 29, 1906. 3. Cyrus 
H., of further mention. 4. Charles R., 
born in Billerica, April 17, 1836, died in 
Springfield, January 24, igo6, unmarried. 
5. William H., born in Billerica, April 21, 
1838, died May i, 1913, unmarried. 6. 
Caroline, born in Billerica, January 26, 
1841, died August 22, 1918, at Chestnut 
Hill. She married (first) in Billerica, No- 
vember 25, 1863, Henry M. Jenkins, of 
Concord, who died in Panama, July 12, 
1866; married (second) Daniel Webb, and 
became proprietor of the Broadway Cen- 
tral Hotel, in New York City, which was 
given her by her brother Tilly. 7. Lucy 
Ann, born in Billerica, December i, 1843, 
died September 2, 1845. 8- John, born in 
Billerica, September 18, 1846, died Janu- 
ary 22, 1916, at Pasadena, California. He 
was married three times, and has one 
daughter, Laura. 9. Adeline, born in Bil- 
lerica, May 28, 1849, died February 25, 
1920; she married in Boston, July 13, 
1885, James G. Hickey, and became the 
proprietor of the United States Hotel in 
Boston through the will of her brother 

Tilly. They were the parents of one 
daughter, Mary Moore, now residing at 
the United States Hotel in Boston. 

(VIII) Cyrus Hunt Haynes, son of 
Lyman and Caroline (Hunt) Haynes, 
was born in Billerica, January 8, 1833, and 
died in Springfield, Massachusetts, March 
26, 1912. He received his education in the 
schools of his native town, and when he 
was nineteen years of age went to Spring- 
field, where his brother, Tilly Haynes, 
was established in business, having 
bought out the small, badly-managed 
branch store of his Boston employer, Mr. 
Simmons. The business begun by Tilly 
Haynes in a little store, twenty by thirty 
feet in size, located near the corner of 
Main and State streets, grew rapidly 
under his efficient management, and in 
1852 its quarters were extended through 
from State to Market streets. The busi- 
ness continued to grow, and Tilly Haynes 
built a valuable block known as the 
Haynes block. Young Cyrus H. remained 
in the employ of his remarkably success- 
ful brother until the store was burned, 
July 24, 1864. The fire had destroyed 
two large four-story buildings and the 
Music Hall, leaving Tilly Haynes with- 
out income and no insurance. The sum 
of $100,000 was needed for rebuilding, and 
$60,000 of this required sum was ad- 
vanced by "Uncle" Ben Day, president 
of the Springfield Institution for Savings, 
$40,000 more by Henry Fuller, and on 
July 24, 1865, exactly one year after the 
disastrous fire the completion of the re- 
building was celebrated by Tilly Hayes' 
friends, who presented him with a hand- 
some clock. Meanwhile, Cyrus H. 
Haynes had gone to Boston, where he 
worked for a few months. When the 
Tilly Haynes' store was re-opened, how- 
ever, Cyrus H. returned to Springfield 
and again became associated with his 
brother's business. After a time he again 



left his brother's establishment and en- 
tered the employ of Charles E. Maxfield, 
the furniture dealer, where he remained 
for a short period and then finally returned 
to Haynes & Company, with whom he 
remained until his death, which occurred 
March 26, 1912. A man of sterling quali- 
ties of character, greatly loved by his 
friends and associates, the passing of Mr. 
Haynes caused grief that only time can 
heal, and left vacant a place in his wide 
circle of friends difficult to fill. 

Mr. Haynes married, on May 5, 1856, 
in Billerica, Harriet Brown, born in Bil- 
lerica, daughter of Caleb Sumner and 
Issamer (Page) Brown, and on May 28, 
1906, they celebrated their golden wed- 
ding anniversary. Mr. and Mrs. Haynes 
were the parents of the following chil- 
dren : I. Clifford Cyrus, a sketch of 
whom follows. 2. Anna Belle, born at 
Springfield, April 5, 1863, died there July 
20, 1869. 3. Nathaniel Lyman, born at 
Springfield, June 17, 1868, now in Bos- 
ton. 4. Tilly Sumner, born at Springfield, 
October 26, 1869, died there July 31, 
1870. 5. Phillip Leon, born at Spring- 
field, February 28, 1872. 6. Caleb Sum- 
ner, born at Springfield, October 5, 1875, 
a travelling man, residing in Springfield. 
7, Otis Brown, born at Springfield, Octo- 
ber 8, 1877, now manager of the Broadway 
^Cehtral Hotel in New York City. 


HAYNES, Clifford Cyrus 

Clifford Cyrus Haynes, who for forty- 
five years before his passing away was 
associated with the Third National Bank 
of Springfield, Massachusetts, and who 
for twenty-four years was closely identi- 
fied with the civic, political, and social 
life of West Springfield, was descended 
from very old Colonial stock, his ances- 
try being traced in the preceding sketch 
of his father, Cyrus Hunt Haynes. 

Clifford Cyrus Haynes, eldest son of 

Cyrus H. and Harriet (Brown) Haynes, 
was born in Billerica, Massachusetts, 
August 10, 1859, and died in West 
Springfield, Massachusetts, November 13, 
1920. He attended school in Billerica 
until he was ten years of age, when his 
parents removed to Springfield, after 
which his education was completed in the 
public schools of Springfield. At the age 
of sixteen years he entered the employ of 
the Third National Bank of Springfield, 
and there remained throughout his active 
business life, a period of forty-five years. 
Conscientious, exact, dependable, he was 
promoted several times while but a young 
man, and was finally appointed teller, 
which position he held until 1916, when 
he was made custodian of the safe deposit 
vault. Honored both as ah efficient 
executive and as a loyal friend, he was 
greatly loved and highly-esteemed by his 
business associates as well as by a large 
circle of friends and acquaintances. 

In May, 1896, Mr. Haynes removed to 
West Springfield, where he was closely 
identified with the activities of the town. 
He was a member of the Chamber of 
Commerce, and was also affiliated with 
the Sons of the American Revolution. 
His religious affiliation was with the 
Memorial Church of Springfield, and he 
was actively interested in all its work, 
in fact, no project planned for the ad- 
vancement of the welfare of his commun- 
ity or of his State failed to win his hearty 
support and cooperation. 

Clifford C. Haynes married on Septem- 
ber 30, 1885, Esther Maria Field, who 
was born in Hatfield, Massachusetts, 
October 12, 1858, and died February i, 
1916, daughter of John W. and Lucy 
(Moore) Field (see Field VIII). Clif- 
ford Cyrus and Esther Maria (Field) 
Haynes were the parents of four children : 
Walter Lyman, born December 21, 1886; 
Robert Field, born December ii, 1887, 



died January 6, 1919; Ruth, born Novem- 
ber 9, 1889; and Doris, born July 22, 1896. 

(The Field Line). 

Esther Maria (Field) Haynes is de- 
scended from very old Colonial stock, the 
line of her descent from Zechariah Field, 
immigrant ancestor, being traced as fol- 
lows : 

(I) Zechariah Field was born in East 
Ardsley, in the West Riding of Yorkshire, 
England, in 1600, and arrived in Boston, 
Massachusetts, in 1629. He married 

Mary , and among his children was 

John, of whom further. 

(II) John (i,) Field, son of Zechariah 
Field, was born in Hartford, Connecticut, 
in 1648, and removed to Hatfield, Massa- 
chusetts, in 1663, where he died June 26, 
1717. He served in the Indian wars, and 
was with Captain Turner in the fight at 
Turner's Falls, May 19, 1676. He mar- 
ried Mary Edwards, daughter of Alex- 
ander Edwards, and among their children 
was John (2), of whom further. 

(III) John (2) Field, son of John (i) 
and Mary (Edwards) Field, served in the 
Indian wars, and died May 28, 1747. He 
married Sarah Coleman, daughter of John 
Coleman, and they were the parents of 
children, among whom was Eliakim, of 
whom further. 

(IV) Eliakim Field, son of John (2) 
and Sarah (Coleman) Field, was born in 
171 1, and died in 1786. He married 
Esther Graves, daughter of David and 
Abigail (Bardwell) Graves, and they were 
the parents of children, among whom was 
Zinas, of whom further. 

(V) Zinas Field, son of Eliakim and 
Esther (Graves) Field, was born in 1753, 
and served in the War of the Revolution. 
He was a member of Captain Salmon 
White's company, participated in the bat- 
tle of Bennington, and was present at the 
surrender of Burgoyne at Saratoga in 

1777. He married (first) Sarah Burrows; 
(second) Lydia Cathcart, and one of his 
children was John (3), of whom further. 

(VI) John (3) Field, son of Zinas 
Field, was born in 1786, and died in 1868. 
He married Abigail Warren, and among 
their children was John Wright, of whom 

(VII) John Wright Field, son oi John 
(3) and Abigail (Warren) Field, was born 
March 16, 1835. He enlisted for service 
in the Civil War, was sergeant in Com- 
pany F, 37th Regiment, Massachusetts 
Volunteer Militia, and was killed in the 
battle of the Wilderness, in Virginia, May 
6, 1864. He married, July 27, 1855, Lucy 
Moore, and to this marriage one child 
was born, Esther Maria, of whom further. 

(VIII) Esther Maria Field, daughter 
of John W. and Lucy (Moore) Field, mar- 
ried, September 30, 1885, Clifford Cyrus 

TAYLOf^, WiUiam Clinton 

Formerly proprietor of the Taylor 
Music House, and now secretary and 
business manager of the Orpheus Club, of 
Springfield, and of the Springfield Music 
Festival Association, comes of old Colo- 
nial stock, tracing his ancestry to John 
Taylor, who was in Massachusetts prior 
to 1679. 

The name Taylor is one of the four or 
five most frequently found names in this 
country, and is derived, in many cases, 
from the occupation of those who first 
bore the name, they having been, before 
the general adoption of surnames in Eng- 
land, tailors by trade. Many of the name, 
however, were descended from Taillefer, 
the Norman baron who took part in the 
battle of Hastings, under William the 
Conqueror, in 1066, the name having 
passed through a series of transitions and 
being gradually changed to Taylefer, 
Taylour, Tayleur, Tailer, Tailor, Taylor. 



Savage mentions two John Taylors who 
swore oath of allegiance in this country 
in 1678, and in 1679 two of this name 
swore allegiance on the same day. Many 
other John Taylors are found in the early 
records. William Clinton Taylor is a 
descendant of John Taylor, of Hadley, 
Massachusetts, and the line of descent is 
traced as follows : • 

(I) John Taylor, of Hadley, Massachu- 
setts, was born in England about 1639, 
and died October 17, 1713, at Hadley, 
where he took the oath of allegiance 
February 8, 1679. He married, December 
12, 1666, Mary, daughter of the first 
Thomas Selden, who died January 7, 
1713. Their children were : Esther, born 
December 9, 1667 ; John ; Thomas, born 
June 5, 1672; Stephen, 1674; Mary, Octo- 
ber 12, 1676, died young; Thankful, 1680; 
Jacob, 1685; Samuel, December 3, 1688; 
and Ebenezer, March i, 1697. 

(II) John (2) Taylor, son of John (i) 
and Mary (Selden) Taylor, was born 
January 6, 1670, at Hadley, and removed 
to South Hadley, where he was an early 
member of the church and where he was 
still living in 1744. He married, Febru- 
ary 9, 1694, Hannah, daughter of Samuel 
Gillet, who died after 1743. Their chil- 
dren were: John, born May 3, 1695; 
Joseph, March 20, 1697, died August 6, 
1698; Hannah, January 24, 1701 ; Samuel, 
November 17, 1703; twins, born and died 
in 1704; Joshua, April 14, 1706; Mary, 
1708; Moses, of whom further; Aaron, 
October, 1712. 

(III) Moses Taylor, son of John (2) 
and Hannah (Gillet) Taylor, was born in 
May, 1709, in Hadley, Massachusetts. 
Sometime between 1727 and 1731, he re- 
moved to South Hadley, where he was 
living in 1770. He was prominent in the 
affairs of the town and of the church, and 
was one of a committee of fifteen ap- 
pointed to eject a minister who refused to 

resign and ignored his official dismissal. 
The committee eflfectively discharged its 
duty by forcibly removing the offender 
from the pulpit during the opening 
prayer. Moses Taylor also served in the 
Indian War in 1756. His children were 
Oliver, Reuben, and John. 

(IV) Oliver Taylor, oldest son of 
Moses Taylor, was born at South Had- 
ley, Massachusetts, and died, March 5, 
1846, at Chicopee Falls. He participated 
in the Indian War of 1758, and served in 
the Revolutionary War, his record being 
preserved in the Massachusetts Rolls. He 
enlisted as a private in Captain Noah 
Goodman's company, of South Hadley, 
which marched in response to the Lex- 
ington alarm, April 19, 1775, time of 
service three days. He was also a private 
in Lieutenant Wate's company, Colonel 
Ruggles Woodbridge's regiment, service 
four days, on an expedition to the North- 
ern Department, the company being re- 
ported to have marched to New Provi- 
dence in response to an alarm given at 
Bennington, August 17, 1777. He was 
second lieutenant in Colonel Chapin's sec- 
ond Hampshire county regiment, Massa- 
chusetts militia, commissioned Septem- 
ber 24, 1779; second lieutenant in Cap- 
tain Joseph Clapp's fifteenth company, 
second Hampshire county regiment, Mas- 
sachusetts militia, where his name is 
recorded on the list of officers, though 
the year is not given. He married Lucy, 
daughter of Thomas White, born 1767, 
died January 18, 1845, ^"^ their children 
were : Sylvester ; Porter, born December 
16, 1794; Elvira, February 5, 1797; Eve- 
line, May I, 1799; Andrew, May 22, 1801 ; 
Erastus, January 16, 1804; Sarah, April 
26, 1806; Calvin, June 13, died Septem- 
ber 10, 1808. 

(V) Sylvester Taylor, son of Oliver and 
Lucy (White) Taylor, was born Febru- 
ary 5> 1793' ^t South Hadley, and died 



March 28, 1881, at Chicopee Falls. He 
married, September 12, 1815, Sally Eaton, 
born July 25, 1793, died September 10, 
1870, and in 1828 they removed to Chico- 
pee Falls. Their children were: Ann 
Sophia, born July 22, 1816, married Bailey 
West; Harriet Maria, born January 11, 
1818, died May 2, 1819; Anson Chapin, 
born January 28, 1820, married Louisa 
Buckland ; George Sylvester; Varnum 
Nash, of whom further ; Charles Andrews, 
born September 4, 1826, married Jane 
Davenport ; James Eaton, born January 
18, 1829, married Electa Buckland; Wil- 
liam Oliver, born April 6, 1831, married 
Mary Morse Barker, and died March 6, 
i860; Sarah Jane, born July 18, 1833, mar- 
ried George H. Nettleton ; David Eaton, 
born October 30, 1835, married Delia 

(VI) Deacon Varnum Nash Taylor, 
son of Sylvester and Sally (Eaton) Tay- 
lor, was born at South Hadley, Massachu- 
setts, April 6, 1824, and died in Spring- 
field, Massachusetts, November 8, 1894. 
His parents removed to Chicopee, Massa- 
chusetts, then a part of Springfield, in 
1828, and in the public schools of that city 
Varnum Nash received his preliminary 
education, and after graduating from 
Springfield High School, attended Willis- 
ton Seminary, at East Hampton. When 
school days were over he entered the em- 
ploy of Shackford & Taylor, at Chicopee 
Falls, in the capacity of clerk, and this 
connection he maintained until he reached 
his twenty-first year. The firm of V. N. 
& J. E. Taylor was then established and 
until 1865 the partners conducted a gen- 
eral country store. In that year the senior 
partner removed to Springfield, and Mr. 
Taylor formed a partnership with George 
W. Ray, and, under the firm name of Ray 
& Taylor, began the manufacture of paper 
collars. They located on Worthington 
street, and conducted a large and rapidly 

increasing business, making and shipping 
daily 100,000 paper collars, which were 
sent to various foreign countries, besides 
supplying a large domestic trade. They 
made a specialty of cloth-faced collars and 
cuffs which were popular and extensively 
worn, and the business was eminently 
successful and lucrative. Under various 
names the business of producing collars 
and cuffs was continued, finally, in 1884, 
being incorporated under the name of the 
Taylor & Tapley Manufacturing Com- 

An energetic man of large ability and 
possessed of executive and administrative 
ability of a high order, Mr. Taylor not 
only made of his own business venture a 
most noteworthy success, but his services 
being desired by other organizations, he 
became interested in various lines, giving 
to each his earnest, thoughtful attention, 
and contributing materially to the success 
of each. He was a director in the Chico- 
pee National Bank and in the Mutual 
Fire Association, and his spirit and abil- 
ity did much to promote cooperation 
which resulted in the formation of the 
Business Men's Association, of which he 
was the first president. Deeply interested 
in the welfare of his community, he was 
highly esteemed not only as a successful 
business man, but as a public-spirited citi- 
zen, who was always ready to support 
liberally every project which seemed to 
him wisely planned for the public good, 
giving freely of his time, his energy, and 
his ability, as well as of his means. In 
the old days before the new Republican 
party came into existence, he was a Whig, 
but when the changing needs of the times 
caused the old party to be supplanted by 
the Republican organization, he gave his 
allegiance to the principles and the can- 
didates of the latter, taking an active part 
in its activities. His interest in local 
public affairs early gained him the con- 



fidence of the citizens of his community. 
In 1872-73, he served in the Common 
Council, and for ten years he was one of 
the registrars of voters. Mr. Taylor was 
a member of the Chicopee Falls Congre- 
gational Church. After coming to Spring- 
field, he sang in the choir and played the 
violin at the South Congregational 
Church, where he was prominent, being 
a member of the parish committee many 
years, and on this account he was knowm 
as Deacon Taylor, although never holding 
the office. 

On June 6, 1848, Mr. Taylor married 
Elizabeth Curtis, who was born at Epsom, 
New Hampshire, daughter of Jonathan 
Edwards Curtis, and they were the par- 
ents of four children : Henry, who died 
in childhood ; Edward, deceased ; Arthur 
Bailey, deceased ; and William Clinton, 
of whom further. 

(VII) William Clinton Taylor, son of 
Varnum Nash and Elizabeth (Curtis) 
Taylor, was born in Chicopee Falls, Mas- 
sachusetts, December 27, 1858. He re- 
ceived his early education in the public 
schools of Chicopee and Springfield, and 
then attended Stebbins Collegiate Insti- 
tute in Springfield, from which he gradu- 
ated in 1880. After graduation he en- 
tered the employ of Ray & Taylor, where 
he remained for a year, and then became 
associated with the Merekins and Packard 
store where he continued for another 
year. At the end of that time, he severed 
his connection with the latter and became 
associated with Haynes & Company, and 
a year later associated himself with a 
M. C. Stebbins Company in a stationery 
store. In this way he gained a somewhat 
varied experience, and in 1884 decided to 
go into business for himself. He engaged 
in the music business with Frank A. 
Whiting, firm known as Whiting and 
Taylor. Later he bought out Mr. Whit- 
ing and established the Taylor Music 

House, and he soon built up a highly pros- 
perous business, winning for himself an 
enviable reputation as an expert in his 
line and a most tactful and skillful inter- 
preter of the musical needs of his com- 
munity. Until 1908 he conducted an in- 
creasingly successful business, and in that 
year sold the business to Mr. Frederick 
Howe, who still conducts it and retains 
the name under which the business made 
its reputation, that of the Taylor Music 

Since disposing of his business, Mr. 
Taylor has directed his energies into 
channels which have contributed mate- 
rially to the advancement of the musical 
interests of the locality. He has served as 
secretary and business manager of the 
Orpheus Club, of Springfield, and of the 
Springfield Music Festival Association, 
which is performing a valuable service in 
giving musical training to a large number 
of the citizens of Springfield, as well 
as in giving a vast amount of pleasure 
both to those who make up the large 
audiences which attend the ex':ellcnt pro- 
ductions of the association. Mr. Taylor 
is also a member of Springfield Lodge, 
Free and Accepted Masons, has taken all 
the Scottish Rites including the thirty- 
second degree Mason, also all the York 
rites, and is a member of Melha Temple, 
Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of the 
Mystic Shrine. He is also a member of 
DeSoto Lodge, Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows. His religious affiliation is 
with South Church, and is a member of 
the property and finance committee, of 
which he is chairman. 

On January i, 1885, William Clinton 
Taylor married Emma Sophia Stebbins, 
born in Leominster, Massachusetts, 
daughter of Rev. Milan M. Stebbins and 
Sophia (Pitts) Stebbins. Rev. Mr. Steb- 
bins was head of the Stebbins Collegiate 
Institute, of Springfield. Mr. and Mrs. 



Taylor are the parents of two children : 
Florence May, who died at the age of 
three years ; and Edward Curtis, born in 
Springfield, Massachusetts, September i, 
1890. He received his education in the 
Technical High School of Springfield, 
and in the Boston School of Technology, 
graduating from the latter in 1914. After 
his graduation he entered the employ of 
the government, in the patent office in 
Washington, D, C, where he remained 
for three years, attending during the same 
time the George Washington Law School. 
He was admitted to the Massachusetts 
bar, and is now a patent attorney, in the 
employ of the Fisk Rubber Company. 
During the World War he served in a 
training camp and was promoted to the 
rank of second lieutenant. 

DEEMS, Oren Mansfield, M. D. 

After completing post-graduate courses 
in London and Vienna, Dr. Deems re- 
turned to the United States, and since 
1908 has been in the successful practice 
of his profession in Springfield, Massachu- 
setts. He is a son of John Francis 
Deems, born in Brownsville, Fayette 
county, Pennsylvania, in 1858, now living 
a retired life in Iowa. John F. Deems 
was educated in the public schools and in 
Washington-Jefferson College, Washing- 
ton, Pennsylvania, and after completing 
his studies learned the machinist's trade. 
During the next few years he successfully 
engaged in farming, taught school, 
studied law and was admitted a member 
of the Pennsylvania bar. But none of 
these lines of activity met the demands 
of his nature and he tried railroading, an 
occupation for which he proved to be emi- 
nently fitted. Mr. Deems began his rail- 
road career with the Baltimore and Ohio 
road, and rose rapidly in rank, during his 
long career being connected with the 
Vanderbilt lines as general manager and 

with the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy 
Railroad as general superintendent. He 
became a well known figure in Iowa poli- 
tics and in 1919 was a candidate for the 
gubernatorial nomination. For several 
years he has lived retired. He married 
Irene Dalton, of Newark, Ohio, daughter 
of Michael Dalton, the latter being a 
native of Ireland, who came from Kil- 
kenny to the United States. Mr. and Mrs. 
Deems are the parents of an only son, Dr. 
Oren M. Deems, of Springfield, Massa- 

Oren M. Deems was born in Newark, 
Ohio. April 20, 1879. He completed high 
school courses of study and then entered 
the University of Iowa, whence he was 
graduated in 1900, with the degree 
Bachelor of Philosophy. After deciding to 
follow the profession of medicine as his 
life work he entered the medical depart- 
ment of the University of Pennsylvania 
and there received his M. D. at graduation 
with the class of 1904. After a period of 
hospital work he went abroad and for 
nearly two years studied in universities 
and hospitals in London and in Vienna. 
In 1908 he returned to the United States 
and in that year located in Springfield, his 
present home, where he has since been 
continuously engaged in general practice. 
He is a member of the local medical 
societies, of the Massachusetts Medical 
Society, and the American Medical Asso- 
ciation, and is thoroughly modern in his 
treatment of disease. 

Dr. Deems is a member of Aleppo 
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, of 
Philadelphia ; Morning Star Chapter, 
Royal Arch Masons ; Springfield Com- 
mandery. Knights Templar; and of Melha 
Temple, Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of 
the Mystic Shrine. He is also a member 
of the Nayasset and Springfield Country 
clubs. He married, September 11, 1902, 
Winifred Abigail Purdy, of Iowa City, 



Iowa, daughter of William and Harriet 
(Thorp) Purdy. Dr. and Mrs. Deems 
are the parents of a son, William Francis 
Deems, who was born in Springfield, May 
I, 1916. 

LYFORD, Hon. Edwin F. 

The first of this name in ISTew England 
was Rev. John Lyford, a minister of the 
Established Church of England, who was 
sent to Plymouth, Massachusetts, in the 
spring of 1624 by the English proprietors, 
for the purpose of counteracting as far as 
possible among the colonists the religious 
teachings of their non-conformist spiritual 
leaders. His mission to Plymouth proved 
futile, however, and in the summer of 
1624 he went to Nantasket, where he 
became intimately associated with Roger 
Conant, whom he accompanied to Cape 
Ann and later to Naumkeag (Salem). 
From the latter place he went to Vir- 
ginia, where he died. He left one son, 
Francis, whose name appears in the 
records of Sufifolk deeds in 1642. 

(I) Francis Lyford, son of Rev. John 
Lyford, was a resident of Boston, Massa- 
chusetts, in 1667, and for several years 
afterward, as is shown in Suffolk deeds 
of that period, in which his name appears 
as a party to various real estate transac- 
tions. In 1680 he removed to Exeter, 
New Hampshire, and in the records of 
both places he is referred to as a mariner. 
For a number of years he was master of a 
sloop engaged in transporting lumber and 
other merchandise to and from Boston to 
the Piscataqua, and on one occasion he 
was sent to Saco, Maine, to rescue and 
bring to Portsmouth the inhabitants of 
that town who were exposed to the rav- 
ages of the Indians. In a list of persons 
who had been granted land in Exeter prior 
to March 28, 1698, his name appears as 
having received two hundred acres, and 
he also acquired considerable real estate 

by purchase. He was a selectman in 
Exeter for the years 1689-90. In King 
William's War he served as a soldier from 
February 6 to March 5, 1696. He was 
chosen constable in 1709, but the General 
Assembly, acting upon information to the 
effect that he was incapacitated for ser- 
vice by physical disability, ordered the 
selectmen of Exeter to appoint another in 
his place. In a deed recorded in 1715 he 
is designated as a weaver. His will was 
made December 17, 1723, and proved Sep- 
tember 2, 1724, showing that his death 
must have occurred sometime between 
these dates. In June, 1671, he married 
(first) in Boston, Elizabeth Smith, born 
November 6, 1646, daughter of Thomas 
and Elizabeth Smith. His second wife, 
whom he married in Exeter, November 
12, 1681, was Rebecca Dudley, daughter 
of the Rev. Samuel Dudley, and grand- 
daughter of Governor Thomas Dudley. 
Children of Francis Lyford: i. Thomas, 
born in Boston, March 25, 1672. 2. 
Elizabeth, born in Boston, July 10, 1673, 
united with the old South Church, Octo- 
ber 7, 1696; died unmarried. 3. Francis, 
born in Boston, May 31, 1677. These chil- 
dren were of the first marriage. 4. 
Stephen, of whom further, 5. Ann, who 
became the wife of Timothy Leavitt, son 
of Moses and Dorothy (Dudley') Leavitt, 
of Exeter. 6 Deborah, who became the 

wife of Follett. 7. Rebecca, who 

became the wife of Hardie 

(Hardy). 8. Sarah, who became the wi.^e 
of John Foulsham (Folsom), son of John 
Foulsham, and grandson of John and 
Mary (Gilman) Foulsham. 9. Mary, who 

became the wife of Hall. All the 

children of the second marriage were born 
in Exeter. 

(II) Stephen Lyford, only son ot 
Francis and Rebecca (Dudley) Lyford, 
resided in Exeter, and in a list of grantees 
of land dated April 12, 1725, is mentioned 



as having received one hundred acres. He 
took a prominent part in all town affairs 
and in 1734 he served as a selectman. 
His entire life was spent in Exeter, where 
he died, December 20, 1774, and among 
the items of his estate, which was valued 
at £1,575 ic)s. 9d., was a negro woman, 
"Syl," and a negro girl, "Nants." He 
was married in Exeter to Sarah Leavitt, 
daughter of Moses and Dorothy (Dudley) 
Leavitt. Moses Leavitt, born August 22, 
1650, was a son of John Leavitt, and 
Dorothy, his wife, was a daughter of the 
Rev. Samuel Dudley, the latter a son of 
Governor Thomas Dudley. Sarah (Lea- 
vitt) Lyford died October 13, 1781. Chil- 
dren of Stephen and Sarah (Leavitt) 
Lyford: i. Biley, born in 1716, died Feb- 
ruary 10, 1792 ; married Judith Wilson. 2. 
Stephen, born in Newmarket, New 
Hampshire, April 12, 1723, was a Revolu- 
tionary soldier, serving in Colonel Nich- 
olas Gilman's regiment, New Hampshire 
militia in 1777, and in September of that 
year was at Saratoga with Captain Porter 
Kimball's company of Colonel Stephen 
Evan's regiment. 3. Moses, of whom 
further. 4. Samuel, died February 8, 
1788. 5. Francis. 6. Theophilus. 7. 
Betsey (Elizabeth), who became the wife 
of Joshua Wiggin, of Stratham, New 

(Ill) Moses Lyford, son of Stephen 
and Sarah (Leavitt) Lyford, was a tailor 
by trade, and resided for many years in 
Brentwood, New Hampshire. He mar- 
ried, September 22, 1748, Mehitable 
Smith, daughter of Oliver Smith, of 
Exeter. In a deed recorded in the Exeter 
probate records Oliver Smith, of Exeter, 
Gent., conveys to Moses Lyford, son-in- 
law, and Mehitable, his wife, four acres 
of land in Brentwood. Ten children were 
born to Moses and Mehitable (Smith) 
Lyford: i. Dudley, born July 28, 1749. 2. 
Francis, baptized May 12, 1751, died 

young. 3. Oliver Smith, of further men- 
tion. 4. Mehitable, born October 29, 1755, 

became the wife of Swain. 5. 

Jonathan, born January 24, 1758. 6. 
Nathaniel Lad (Ladd), born January 26, 
1762. 7. Sarah, born April 5, 1764, became 

the wife of Merrill. 8. Francis, 

born April 12, 1766. 9. Elizabeth (Betty), 
born in 1768, was married, in 1781, to 
Abraham Sanborn, born October 4, 1766, 
died December 21, 1845; Elizabeth, died 
April 20, 1819. 10. Dorothy (Dolly), be- 
came the wife of Bean. Moses 

Lyford (father) died in Exeter, April 13, 
1799. His wife died some time between 
July 15, 1803, and December 4, 1806. 

(IV) Oliver Smith Lyford, son of 
Moses and Mehitable (Smith) Lyford, 
was born in Brentwood, New Hampshire, 
August 24, 1753. He served in the War 
for National Independence, and his mili- 
tary record, contained in the New Hamp- 
shire State Papers, Vol. XIV, is as fol- 
lows : "In Capt. Daniel Moore's com- 
pany. Col. Stark's regiment, from August 
I to October 17, 1775, and in Capt. Wil- 
son Harper's company, Col. Isaac Wy- 
man's regiment, for Canada, mustered 
July 16, 1766." Mr. Lyford married, in 
1780, Elizabeth Johnson, born May 26, 
1 761, daughter of Deacon Joseph and Ann 
(Lane) Johnson, of Brentwood and 
Hampton. Oliver Smith and Elizabeth 
(Johnson) Lyford were the parents of the 
following children: i. Dudley, of whom 
further. 2. Anne (Nancy), born in 1783, 
became the wife of David Philbrock, by 
whom she had eight sons and two daugh- 
ters. 3. Mehitable, who in 1804, became 
the wife of Samuel Blake, born in Epping, 
New Hampshire, in January, 1779, died 
in January, 1838, in Augusta, Maine; he 
was a son of Robert and Martha (Dud- 
ley) Blake, of Epping, and a grandson of 
Jedediah Blake. 4. Charlotte, born May 
4, 1788, died January 19, 1831 ; in Novem- 



ber, 1807, she became the wife of John 
Stevens, born in 1788, died in 1857; their 
son, Hon. John Leavitt Stevens, was born 
in Mt. Vernon, Maine, in 1820, and died 
in Augusta, in 1895 ; was United States 
minister to Hawaii ; he married. May 10, 
1848, Mary Lowell Smith, of Hallowell, 
Maine. Oliver Smith Lyford died in 

(V) Dudley Lyford, only son of Oliver 
Smith and Elizabeth (Johnson) Lyford, 
was born in Brentwood, New Hampshire, 
February 18, 1781. He settled in Mt. 
Vernon, Maine, in 1804-05. When four- 
teen years of age he was apprenticed to a 
carpenter and became master of the trade, 
and made all the woodwork of his house, 
his furniture and agricultural tools, and 
in addition to this cleared up a farm in 
Mt. Vernon. He served as deacon of the 
Baptist church in Mt. Vernon, and was a 
very decided Whig in political sentiment. 
About 1803 he married Elizabeth (Bet- 
sey) Smith, daughter of Esquire Jabez 
Smith, of Brentwood, and very soon 
thereafter settled in Mt. Vernon. Mrs. 
Lyford was born in Brentwood, July 25, 
1786. Eleven children were born to Dud- 
ley and Elizabeth (Smith) Lyford: i. 
Sophronia S., who became the wife of 
William Coggswell, and died in Mt. Ver- 
non. 2. Eben S. 3. Aaron S., served as 
selectman, town clerk and representative; 
died in Mt. Vernon. 4. Betsey. 5. Fanny, 
who became the wife of Louis Bradley ; 
she died in Springfield, Massachusetts. 
6. Moses (2), of whom further. 7-8. Dan- 
iel S. and Samuel T., both died at the age 
of nineteen years. 9. Oliver Smith, born 
June 19, 1823 ; married Lavinia A. Norris. 
10. Francis, who died in Mt. Vernon. 11. 
Dudley A., who died in California in 1857. 

(VI) Moses (2) Lyford, son of Dud- 
ley and Elizabeth (Smith) Lyford, was 
born in Mt. Vernon, Maine, January 31, 
1816. He graduated from what was then 

Waterville College, later Colby Univer- 
sity, and now Colby College, of Waterville, 
Maine, where he later received the degree 
of LL. D., and still later was appointed 
professor of astronomy and natural phil- 
osophy in that institution, holding these 
chairs for a period of nearly thirty years. 
After resigning his professorship, he was 
elected to the board of trustees of the 
University, and always took an active in- 
terest in this institution of learning. He 
moved to Springfield, Massachusetts, in 
1886, and here resided with his only son, 
the Hon. -Edwin F. Lyford, until his 
death, August 4, 1887, at the age of sev- 
enty-one years. He married, November 
26, 1848, Mary L. Dyer, a native of 
Townshend, Vermont, born February 20, 
1827, died August 6, 1896. They were 
the parents of Edwin F. Lyford, of whom 

(VII) Hon. Edwin F. Lyford, son of 
Moses (2) and Mary L. (Dyer) Lyford, 
was born in Waterville, Maine, Septem- 
ber 8, 1857. He attended the public 
schools of Waterville, was prepared for 
college in Waterville, now Coburn Classi- 
cal Institute, of Waterville, and entered 
Colby University, from which he was 
graduated in the class of 1877, at the age 
of twenty years, receiving both the Bach- 
elor's and Master's degrees. Immedi- 
ately after leaving college, he began the 
study of law in the office of the Hon. 
Reuben Foster, of Waterville, and was 
admitted to the bar in Augusta in 1879. 
For the following three years he was en- 
gaged in teaching in the Waterville High 
School and Colby University, also prac- 
ticed law for a time. In 1882 he removed 
to Springfield, Massachusetts, and there 
began the practice of his profession, 
which he has continued up to the present 
time (1922). 

Mr. Lyford is a Republican in politics, 
and represented Ward Two in the City 



Council for two years, later moving to 
Ward Five. In 1888 he served as secre- 
tary of the Republican Club, of Spring- 
field, and also of the Ward Five Republi- 
can Club. In 1891 he was elected a repre- 
sentative to the Legislature from the 
Seventh Hampden District, serving for 
the years 1892-93. He served on various 
other committees, being appointed chair- 
man of the special committee appointed 
to investigate certain charges preferred 
against the Bay State and other gas com- 
panies, the result of which proved to be 
the event of that session — the passing of 
a bill which became known as the Lyford 
Bill, for the introduction of reforms in 
this direction, and which conditionally 
repealed the charter of the Bay State Gas 
Company. In 1893 Mr. Lyford was 
elected to the State Senate, where he 
served as chairman on several important 
committees. At the present time (1922), 
in addition to his practice, he is serving as 
a special justice of the Springfield Dis- 
trict Court. 

Mr. Lyford was for some years a mem- 
ber of the State Street Baptist Church of 
Springfield, and clerk of the church ; was 
one of the directors of the Springfield 
Young Men's Christian Association ; was 
a trustee of Colby University from 1890 
for several years, also a member of num- 
erous social and political clubs, among 
which was the Middlesex, now discon- 
tinued; Winthrop, of which he is still a 
member; and also the Saturday Night. 
Notwithstanding the large amount of 
business, both private and public, that he 
is called upon to attend, he has found 
time to devote to literature, having writ- 
ten a volume entitled "Pictures and 
Stories from American History," intended 
as a child's history. Mr. Lyford also 
takes a great interest in the American 
Association for the Advancement of 
Science, of which he is a fellow; also the 

State Republican Club, and the Realty 

Mr. Lyford married, June 7, 1899, Bes- 
sie Adams, of Springfield, Massachusetts, 
daughter of J. Sumner Adams. 

ROLLINS, William Gates 

Among the citizens of Massachusetts, 
well known throughout the ministerial 
and business world, is William Gates Rol- 
lins, of Springfield, a representative of 
the well known Rawlins, Rollins family. 
The Rawlins family in England is very 
ancient and numerous, and has been a 
well authenticated name for nearly six 
hundred years, and is scattered over Eng- 
land, Ireland, Scotland and America. It 
is an old family name in Cornwall, Eng- 
land, and still more ancient in Hertford- 
shire, England. The arms of the Corn- 
wall family are as follows : 

Anns — Shield sable, three swords paleways, 
points in chief, argent (silver, hilts and pommels, 
gold crest, an arm embowed in armor, the elbow 
resting on wreath, holding in the gauntlet a fal- 
chion, argent, hilt and pommel, gold). 

(^I) James Rawlins, immigrant ances- 
tor, was born in England. He emigrated 
to America in the year 1632, and settled in 
Ipswich, Massachusetts. He did not, 
however, remain long in that place, for 
two years later he was a resident of New- 
bury, Massachusetts. He is next of 
record in Dover, New Hampshire, where 
he was located as early as 1644, and 
where he received several grants of land. 
He resided in that part called Bloody 
Point (now Newington) until his death. 
He was a farmer, a man of practical ideas, 
one who thinks and acts for himself, and 
was truly one of the founders of the State. 
His will was dated Dover, December 16, 
1685, ^nd gave property to his wife Han- 
nah, to his oldest son Ichabod, to Ben- 
jamin and his other children not named in 
the will. The names of his children are 



as follows : Ichabod, Thomas, Samuel, 
James, Benjamin, Joseph, Deborah. 

(II) Thomas Rollins, second son of 
James and Hannah Rawlins, was born in 
1641. His death occurred about 1706, 
and the inventory of his property was re- 
turned to the probate office, November 3, 
1706. He resided at Bloody Point, New 
Hampshire, until after 1668, when "he 
moved to Exeter, same State, and there 
spent the remainder of his life. His farm 
was located on the old road leading from 
Exeter to Hampton. He was one of the 
company of Edward Gove who were 
found in arms and endeavoring to over- 
throw the government of Governor Ed- 
ward Cranfield, known as Gove's Rebel- 
lion. Se served as a justice of the peace 
in 1682. He married, about 1670, Rachel 
Cox, daughter of Moses and Alice Cox, of 
Hampton. Their children were : Thomas, 
Moses, Joseph, Mary, Benjamin, Aaron, 
Samuel, John, Alice, Rachel. 

(III) Benjamin Rollins, fourth son of 
Thomas and Rachel (Cox) Rollins, was 
born July 6, 1678. His death occurred in 
1740, and his will was proved April 30, 
1740. In 1710 he was appointed corporal 
in a company of ninety-one men who 
went out to fight the Indians. He resided 
in Exeter, New Hampshire. He mar- 
ried Elizabeth, surname unknown, who 
bore him the following named children : 
Josiah, John, Benjamin, Abigail, Alice, 
Dorothy, Mercy, Ann. 

(IV) John Rollins, second son of Ben- 
jamin and Elizabeth Rollins, was reared 
and educated in Exeter, New Hampshire, 
and later in life removed to Stratham, 
same State, and there spent the remain- 
der of his active and useful life. He mar- 
ried Sarah, surname unknown, who bore 
him the following children : Sarah, Mary, 
John, Rebecca, Stephen, Robert. 

(V) John (2) Rollins, eldest son of 
John (i) and Sarah Rollins, was born 

September 14, 171 1. He was a resident 
of Portsmouth, New Hampshire, active 
in community afifairs, and also interested 
in other matters, as is evidenced by his 
serving in the French War from May i to 
November 5, 1756, and as corporal in 
Colonel Goffe's regiment in the Canadian 
Expedition of 1760. He married and 
among his children was Stephen. 

(VI) Stephen Rollins, son of John (2) 
Rollins, was born August 23, 1741. He 
was a resident of Portsmouth, New 
Hampshire, and in all measures that pro- 
moted the public welfare took a keen in- 
terest. He married, October 25, 1763, 
Susannah, surname unknown, and their 
children were as follows : Elizabeth, Su- 
sanna, Jonathan, Judith, Stephen, James, 
David, Mary, Dorothy, Sarah. 

(VII) James (2) Rollins, third son of 
Stephen and Susannah Rollins, was born 
April 20, 1779, and died in middle life, his 
death being caused by a tree falling on 
him. He changed his place of residence 
from New Hampshire to Vermont, locat- 
ing in Washington, where he was num- 
bered among the prominent citizens. He 
displayed his patriotism by serving as a 
soldier in the War of 1812. He married, 
August 9, 1812, Nancy Huntoon, and their 
children were as follows : Joseph Sleeper, 
Julia Ann, Anna, James, Ruth, Nancy, 

(VIII) Joseph Sleeper Rollins, eldest 
son of James (2) and Nancy (Huntoon) 
Rollins, was born in Corinth, Vermont, 
February 11, 1815, and died there, Febru- 
ary 21, 1^579. Upon attaining a suitable 
age, he served an apprenticeship at the 
trade of shoemaker, and worked on cus- 
tom-made shoes, this proving a lucrative 
means of livelihood. He was an active 
participant in the War of the Rebellion, 
as was also his son, John Edward. He 
enlisted from Thetford, Vermont, in the 
r5th Vermont Regiment, for a period of 



nine months, and served under General 
Butler at New Orleans. He then reen- 
listed for a period of three years in the 
8th Vermont Regiment, and served for 
one and a half years. He participated in 
all the engagements in which his regi- 
ment took part up to the time that he 
was wounded at the battle of Cedar Creek, 
and he was then sent North to recuper- 
ate. Mr. Rollins married (first) Ruhana 
Underwood, who bore him three children : 
Joseph, John Edward, and Isabelle. He 
married (second) Nancy Bohonan, born 
1828, died in July, 1875. Eight children 
were born of this marriage, namely : Ru- 
hana, Abigail, Ada, Charles Huntoon, 
Caroline, Joseph Forest, George Perry 
and William Gates. 

(IX) William Gates Rollins, young- 
est son of Joseph Sleeper and Nancy 
(Bohonan) Rollins, was born in Lowell, 
Massachusetts, April 14, 1868. He ob- 
tained a good education in the schools of 
Fairlee and Chelsea, Vermont, which 
thoroughly prepared him for the duties 
and responsibilities of life. He gave his 
attention to the work of the Young Men's 
Christian Association, and for almost two 
decades devoted his entire time to that 
calling. During that period he served in 
the capacity of secretary of the associa- 
tion in Chicopee Falls, Somerville, Lynn, 
Watertown, Massachusetts, and New 
Brighton and Kane, Pennsylvania. This 
brought him to the year 1908. He then 
entered the ministry, for which he had 
prepared himself, and served for a time 
as pastor of the Liberty Methodist Church 
in Springfield, and for six years he also 
preached in Woronoco, residing in Rus- 
sell. Abandoning this work in the year 
1916, he turned his attention to the insur- 
ance business and opened an office in 
Springfield, where he does a fire, life and 
accident business, and represents several 
different companies, and is so serving at 

the present time (1922). During his resi- 
dence in the town of Russell, he served 
as a member of the School Board, of 
which he was chairman for three years. 
His religious affiliation is with the Meth- 
odist church, and his fraternal affiliation 
with the Free and Accepted Masons, 
of Springfield, where he is a member of 
Springfield Lodge. 

Mr. Rollins married, July 17, 1895, Flor- 
ence Clark, of Chicopee Falls, Massachu- 
setts, daughter of George A. and Almira 
(Bradbury) Clark, and granddaughter of 
Austin and Eunice (Carpenter) Clark. 
Children of Mr. and Mrs. Rollins: i. Reg- 
inald Clark, born in Saco, Maine, August 
21, 1896; was in the Naval Reserve Avia- 
tion service during the World War. 2. 
Wilbur Lawrence, born in Watertown, 
Massachusetts, October 6, 1897; served in 
the Naval Reserve as first class ship car- 
penter ; he was in the service for two 
years, and made seventeen round trips 
across the Atlantic ; he was on the trans- 
port "Agamennon," her sister ship being 
among the number that were torpedoed ; 
he is now serving as teacher of manual 
training in Manchester, New Hampshire. 
3. Beatrice Almira, born in New Brighton, 
Pennsylvania, January 6, 1904. 4. Au- 
brey Bohonan, born in Woronoco, Feb- 
ruary 6, 1909. 5. Kenneth, born in Wor- 
onoco, January i, 1913. 

DURYEA, James Frank 

Known as the builder of the first auto- 
mobile in the world to use gasoline as a 
motive power, James Frank Duryea is 
the gentleman whose name heads this 
article. He is a descendant of the ancient 
Duryea family which was living in Scot- 
land in the sixteenth century, and which 
has been traced back to 1040. In Amer- 
ica the family begins with Joost Durie, 
who came from Manheim with his wife 
Magdalena in 1675, settled at New 


o/Vzv/^-^^ a7KA>wuCcl/ 


Utrecht, New York, and later moved to 
disputed lands between Newtown and 
Bushwick, in Massachusetts, where in 
1667 he took the oath of allegiance. Jean 
Durie, his brother, settled at Hackensack, 
New Jersey, in 1678. They were the sons 
of Pieter Durie, of Picardy, France, but 
before coming to America spent some 
time in the Palatinate, and it is evident 
they were Huguenots. From Joost Durie 
came the Duryeas and the Duryees, one 
branch settling in Virginia, and later 
crossing the mountains from Virginia to 
Kentucky, where they settled and where 
the family still own the "old homestead." 
It is from this branch that James Frank 
Duryea, of Springfield, Massachusetts, 
traces descent. Joost Durie's will was 
probated June 9, 1729. Joost Durie was 
married when he came to New Amster- 
dam, according to Chambers' "Early Ger- 
mans," and he and his wife were the par- 
ents of eleven children, of whom Charles 
was the fifth. 

(II) Charles Durie married (first) Cor- 
nelia Schenck ; and (second) Maria Rob- 
inson. He had five sons, the fifth of 
whom was named Charles. 

(III) Charles (2) Duryea, son of 
Charles (i) Durie, married and reared a 
family of children, among whom was 
John, of further mention. 

(IV) John Duryea, son of Charles (2) 
Duryea, was born November 5, 1757, and 
died June 4, 1834. He settled in Ken- 
tucky. He married Margaret Welch, born 
September 22, 1763, died March 21, 1832, 
and they reared a large family, among 
whom was Wesley, of further mention. 

(V) Wesley Duryea, ninth child 01 
John and Margaret (Welch) Duryea, was 
born November 17, 1809, and died June 
7, 1842. He married December 26, 1833, 
Elizabeth Byram, who was born January 
22, 1816, and died June 26 1897. The 
Byrams lived in Kentucky opposite Cin- 

cinnati, Ohio. John and Elizabeth (By- 
ram) Duryea were the parents of three 
sons: Benjamin; John; and George W., 
of further mention. 

(VI) George W. Duryea, son of Wes- 
ley and Elizabeth (Byram) Duryea, was 
born in Southern Illinois, December 6, 
1835, and died June 4, 1883. He was first 
a farmer, but later a merchant conducting 
a general store at St. David, Illinois. He 
married March 12, 1861, Louisa Turner, 
who was born at the home farm near Can- 
ton, Fulton county, Illinois, December 
22, 1841, daughter of James and Sarah 
(Carver) Turner. Mrs. Duryea survives 
her husband and is yet a resident of the 
State of Illinois. Mr. and Mrs. George 
W. Duryea were the parents of five chil- 
dren : Charles Edgar ; Blanche, who mar- 
ried Arthur Gilfillan ; James Frank, of 
further mention ; Otto C. ; and Alma 
Belle, who married Herbert Nielson. 

(VII) James Frank Duryea, of the sev- 
enth Duryea generation in America, was 
born October 8, 1869, at Washburn, Illi- 
nois. He was educated in the public 
school of Wyoming, Illinois, finishing 
with graduation from high school with 
the class of 1888. He then pursued a 
course of self study in mechanical engi- 
neering, later spending a year in Wash- 
ington, D. C, and two years in Rockaway, 
New Jersey, learning the machinist's 
trade. He then became identified with 
the manufacture of bicycles in partner- 
ship with his brother Charles, that busi- 
ness leading up to experiments with auto- 
mobile construction. At this time spec- 
ulation upon the possibility of manufac- 
turing a vehicle propelled by its own 
power began. Skeptics were plentiful, 
and the early efforts of Mr. Duryea and 
Mr. Remington, who shared his faith in 
the successful outcome of their work, met 
with general ridicule. After devoting 
much study and strenuous labor to the 



enterprise, they completed, in 1892, the 
fTrst automobile made in America using 
gasoline motive power. In 1895, Mr. 
Duryea organized the Duryea Motor 
Wagon Company, the first automobile 
company in the United States He was 
later associated with the American Auto- 
mobile Company, and finally organized 
the Hampden Automobile Company. 
This was continued until 1901, when the 
Stevens-Duryea Company was organized 
in Chicopee, Massachusetts, with Mr. 
Duryea as its vice-president and chief 
engineer. The company manufactured a 
superior car which soon took rank among 
the finest automobiles made, and which is 
well known in the business world. In 
191 5 Mr. Duryea disposed of his interest 
and retired from the company and from 
business. Since then he has given much 
time to traveling in the United States and 
in South America, having in 1922 made a 
trip of over 12,000 miles in the latter 
country. Mr. Duryea is popular in both 
social and Masonic circles. He is a mem- 
ber of Hampden Lodge, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons ; and of the Nayasset, Col- 
ony, and Country clubs, of Springfield. 
He is also a member of the Corinthian 
Yacht Club, of Marblehead, Massachu- 
setts ; of the Boston Yacht Club ; of the 
Indian Harbor Yacht Club, of Greenwich, 
Connecticut ; and of the Brae Burn Coun- 
try Club, of Newton, Massachusetts. 

Mr. Duryea married. May 17, 1893, 
Clara A. Root, of Ludlow, Massachusetts, 
daughter of George E., one of the old resi- 
dents of that town, and of Clarissa A. 
(Hyde) Root. Mr. and Mrs. Duryea are 
the parents of a son, George Root Duryea. 
who was born March 4, 1894, and is a 
graduate of the Massachusetts Institute 
of Technology. During the World War, 
he was superintendent of ship construc- 
tion, attached to the United States navy. 
Mr. Duryea, Sr. resided in Springfield 

until 1920, when he sold his home there, 
much to the regret of the citizens of that 
city, among whom he has hosts of friends. 
This in brief is the history of the man 
whose inventive genius made possible the 
automobile, the pleasure and business 
vehicle of the civilized world, and who 
set in motion an industry that employs a 
stupendous amount of capital and a vast 
army of men. The automobiles manufac- 
tured by the Stevens-Duryea Company 
represented the best of workmanship and 
material, and Stevens-Duryea cars of an 
early year are still (1922) running in an 
almost perfect manner, comparing favor- 
ably in every respect with the very best 
manufactured and which sold for a higher 
price. I 

RIPLEY, Elon Van Ness 

For more than thirty years a resident 
of Springfield, and one of its highly es- 
teem_ed citizens, Elon Van Ness Ripley 
was a descendant of a very old English 
family. The name Ripley belongs to the 
class known as local, or place surnames, 
and is derived, in the case of the family 
to which Elon V. Ripley belonged, from 
a market town in the west of Yorkshire, 
England. Very early in the Colonial 
period William Ripley, immigrant ances- 
tor, came to this country, and the line of 
descent from this pioneer settler to Elon 
V. Ripley is clearly traced as follows: 

(I) William Ripley with his wife, two 
sons, and two daughters, came from the 
vicinity of Hingham, England, to Hing- 
ham, Massachusetts, in 1638, and re- 
ceived a grant of four acres of land at 
Hingham Center, a large part of which 
is still owned by his descendants. His 
house was situated on Main street, near 
the training field. He was twice married, 
second, in 1654, to Elizabeth, widow of 
Thomas Thaxter, and among his children 
was John. 



(II) John Ripley, son of William Rip- 
ley, was born in England, came to this 
country with his father, and died Febru- 
ary 23, 1684. He resided on the paternal 
homestead in Hingham, where he was 
made a freeman May 14, 1656. His will, 
made January 21, 1684, was proved March 
27, 1684. He married, about 1654, Eliza- 
beth Hobart, born about 1632, died March 
26, 1692, daughter of Rev. Peter Hobart, 
of Hingham, a graduate of Magdalen Col- 
lege, England, from which institution he 
received the degree Bachelor of Arts in 
1625. Rev. Hobart was pastor of the 
First Church in Hingham in 1635. Among 
the children of John and Elizabeth Rip- 
ley was Jeremiah, 

(III) Jeremiah Ripley, son of John and 
Elizabeth (Hobart) Ripley, was born in 
1662, and died in 1737. He married (first) 
Mary Gager; (second) Ann Davidson, 
and among his children was Jeremiah (2). 

(IV) Jeremiah (2) Ripley, son of Jere- 
miah (i) Ripley, was born in 1696, and 
died in 1737. He married Abigail Carey, 
and they were the parents of children, 
among whom was Charles. 

(V) Charles Ripley, son of Jeremiah 
(2) and Abigail (Carey) Ripley, was born 
in 1733. He held a commission during 
the French and Indian wars, and served 
against the Indians in Canada. He also 
served in the Revolutionary War, was 
taken prisoner by the British at the Battle 
of Monmouth, in New Jersey, and con- 
fined in the Sugar House prison in New 
York City. Here he shared the privation 
and ill-treatment accorded most of those 
detained in that place, and finally lost his 
life as the result of brutal treatment. The 
circumstances of his death were as fol- 
lows : One day when he was reduced to 
extreme prostration by want of food, 
some refuse bones were offered him. He 
remonstrated, whereupon the keeper of 
the prison dealt him a blow upon the head 

Mass 11 — 4 

that instantly killed him. He married 
Tabitha Abbe, of Windham, Connecticut, 
and among their children was Epaphras. 

(VI) Epaphras Ripley, son of Charles 
and Tabitha (Abbe) Ripley, was born in 
1759, and married Ann Webb, of Rock- 
ingham, Vermont. They were the par- 
ents of children, among whom was 

(VII) Charles Ripley, son of Epaphras 
and Ann (Webb) Ripley, was born in 
Rockingham, Vermont, and died in 1871, 
aged ninety years. He married Achsah 
Colton, and among their children was 
Curtis Parker. 

(VIII) Curtis Parker Ripley, son of 
Charles and Achsah (Colton) Ripley, was 
born in Cornwall, Vermont, in 1813, and 
died in Ware, Massachusetts, in 1890. He 
married Mary Eliza Pearse, of Pinkney- 
ville, Mississippi, who was born in 1817, 
and died in 1894. Their children were: 
Lucy Jane, deceased ; Harriet Eliza, 
who married Asa Breckinridge ; Edward 
Duane ; James Edgar; Orabelle Amanda, 
deceased ; and Elon Van Ness, of whom 

(IX) Elon Van Ness .Ripley, son of 
Curtis Parker and Mary Eliza (Pearse) 
Ripley, was born in Ripton, Vermont, 
October 24, 1861, and died in Springfield, 
May 24, 1920. When he was five years 
old his parents removed to Alstead, New 
Hampshire, and in the schools of that 
place he received his education. During 
vacations and before and after school 
hours he assisted his father on the farm. 
Later, when school days were over he 
was employed as a clerk in a grocery 
store. When he was eighteen years of 
age he decided to try his fortune in a 
larger city and came to Springfield, 
where for a time he was employed as a 
clerk in a grocery store. His active 
young mind was alert and watchful, how- 
ever, hoping for a larger opportunity. 



It came in the form of a position as 
traveling salesman in the employ of the 
Fisk Soap Company. Having found his 
opportunity he worked steadily and 
efficiently, proving himself to be an ex- 
cellent salesman, with large ability for 
procuring new business, as well as for 
holding customers and securing repeat 
orders. For twenty-three years he con- 
tinued "on the road," covering a territory 
comprising all of New England and New 
York State, rendering valuable service to 
the company he represented, and gaining 
for himself experience that was to be of 
great value to him later in his own busi- 

In 1912 he decided that the time had 
come for him to engage in business for 
himself, and accordingly he went to Wor- 
cester, where he conducted a business 
until 1914, when he removed to Spring- 
field. Here he purchased the D. H. Grif- 
fin market at No. 390 Bridge street, and 
soon met with success. His wide and 
varied experience "on the road" proved to 
be of great advantage to him. After a 
time his concern outgrew its old quarters, 
and Mr, Ripley enlarged it to twice its 
size. Here he continued to conduct an 
ever-increasing business until his death, 
in May, 1920, since which time it has been 
managed by his widow, Mrs. Mabel M. 
Ripley, who carries the best class of 
goods in the city. 

Mr. Ripley was a popular man among 
his friends and business associates and 
among the citizens of Springfield, in 
which city he had resided for more than 
forty years. He was a charter member of 
the Commercial Travelers' Club, of 
Springfield; and a member of the Utica 
Travelers' Association, of St, Louis. His 
religious affiliation was with the Memorial 

On June 29, 1886, he married Mabel M, 
King, of Springfield, Massachusetts, 

daughter of Marvin Henry and Melissa 
Pamelia (Brewer) King, and they were 
the parents of one son, Harold Ripley, 

(The King: Line). 

Mrs. Ripley not only traces her descent 
in the King line from very early days, but 
she is also a descendant of John Alden 
and Priscilla (Mullins) Alden, of historic 
and literary fame. Mrs. Ripley's descent 
in the King line is traced as follows: 
James King, founder of the King family 
in Suffield, Connecticut, was born in 
Devonshire, England, came to Suffield, 
Connecticut, at an" early date, and died 
there in 1722. Marvin King, a descendant 
of James King in the seventh generation, 
was born in Somers, Connecticut, in 1807, 
and died in 1902. He removed to Lud- 
low, Massachusetts, in 183 1, and married 
Eunice Brown Alden, born in 1813, died 
in 1876, daughter of Joseph and Olive 
(Brown) Alden. They were the parents 
of twelve children, among whom was 
Marvin Henry King, born April 5, 1835, 
died December 26, 1907, He married, in 
January, i860, Melissa Pamelia Brewer, 
daughter of Daniel and Sarah K. Brewer, 
and their children were: Alfred Archie; 
Samuel Marion ; and Mabel M., who mar- 
ried Elon Van Ness Ripley. 

(The Alden Line). 

Mrs. Ripley's descent from John Alden 
is traced as follows: (I) John Alden, 
who came over in the "Mayflower" in 1620; 
through (II) Joseph; (III) Joseph; (IV) 
Samuel ; (V) Joseph, born in 1738, mar- 
ried Bathsheba Jones; (VI) Joseph 
Alden, born in 1773, died in 1835, married 
Olive Brown ; (VII) Eunice Brown 
Alden, daughter of Joseph and Olive 
(Brown) Alden, who married Marvin 
King (see King line), grandfather of Mrs. 



LEWIS, Arthur Bancroft 

Arthur Bancroft Lewis, who has been 
a resident of Springfield for nearly forty 
years, and who for more than thirty years 
conducted the hat and furnishing estab- 
lishment on the corner of Main and San- 
ford streets, comes of old Colonial stock, 
tracing his ancestry in this country to 
Edmund Lewis, who came to Massachu- 
setts in 1634. 

(I) Edmund Lewis, immigrant ances- 
tor, is said to have come from Lynn Regis, 
England, and Alonzo Lewis, in his his- 
tory of Lynn, states that he was a brother 
of William Lewis, who was at Roxbury 
in 1630 and was one of the founders of 
Lancaster in 1653, and who was a de- 
scendant of a Welsh family with a pedi- 
gree running back for many centuries. 
George Harlan Lewis, of Los Angeles, 
California, however, has visited England 
and Wales, making careful research but 
finding no trace of relationship between 
Edmund and William Lewis. George 
Harlan Lewis in his sketch of Edmund 
Lewis, which is as complete as can be 
obtained, says : "There is no authorita- 
tive connection of any of the Lewis immi- 
grants to New England during the Seven- 
teenth century with any Welsh or Eng- 
lish family. It was a surname prominent 
in Wales and England. Edmund Lewis, 
aged thirty-three, wife Mary, and two 
children, sailed April 10, 1634, in the ship 
'Elizabeth' from Ipswich, England. He 
settled in Watertown, where he had a 
good estate. His homestead was on what 
is now the east side of Lexington street, 
but he removed to Lynn and bought forty 
acres of land on the seashore, in the part 
of the town called Wood End. He was 
admitted a freeman May 24, 1636, and 
was elected a selectman in 1638. In the 
same year he was on a committee to lay 
out the farms as they were ordered near 
the Dedham line." He died in January, 

1650, and his wife died September 7, 
1658. His will was dated January 13, 
1650, and the inventory was filed Febru- 
ary 12, 1650-51. The children of Edmund 
Lewis were : John, born in England, of 
further mention ; Thomas, born in Eng- 
land, in 1633; James, born January 15, 
1635, in Watertown ; Nathaniel, born in 
Watertown, August 26, 1639; an infant, 
who died at the age of twenty days; 
Joseph, born in Lynn ; child, born in 

(II) Captain John Lewis, son of Ed- 
mund Lewis, was born in England, in 
1631, and came to this country with his 
father's family in 1634. He inherited his 
father's estate of forty acres at Lynn, 
through which Lewis street now passes. 
He served in King Philip's War, being a 
lieutenant under Captain Henchman in 
1675, ^"^ serving in Captain Nicholas 
Manning's Company in 1676. For his 
services he was granted land at Souhegan 
West, now Amherst, New Hampshire, 
which, in 1728, came into the possession 
of his grandson, Edmund. "Lieutenant 
Lewis" was admitted a freeman April 18, 
1691, and was elected a deacon of the 
church in 1692. He died in 1710, aged 
seventy-nine, his will being dated Febru- 
ary 25, 1706-07, and he having previously 
deeded his real estate to his sons John 
and Thomas. He married (first), June 
17, 1659, Hannah Marshall, who died May 
I5» 1699, daughter of Captain Thomas 
Marshall; (second), September 2, 1699, 
Elizabeth King, widow of Ralph King, of 
Swampscott, and daughter of Captain 
Richard and Jane (Talmage) Walker; 
(third), February 10, 1706-07, Sarah 
Jenks, born September 14, 1665, died Jan- 
uary 4, 1740, widow of John Jenks, and 
daughter of William and Elizabeth 
(Breed) Merriam, of Lynn, To the first 
marriage were born : John, of further 
mention ; Hannah, Thomas, Mary, Ben- 



jamin, Nathaniel, Samuel, Abigail, Eben- 
ezer ; Rebecca, who died November 22, 
1692. To the third marriage one child, 
Benjamin, was born, April 23, 1708. 

(III) Lieutenant John (2) Lewis, son 
of Captain John (i) and Hannah (Mar- 
shall) Lewis, was born in Lynn, Massa- 
chusetts, March 30, 1660, and died about 
a year after the death of his father. He 
was admitted a freeman April 18, 1691. 
He married, April 18, 1683, in Lynn, 
Massachusetts, Elizabeth Brewer, and 
they were the parents of nine children : 
Elizabeth, Hannah, Sarah, John, Nathan- 
iel ; Edmund, of further mention ; Re- 
becca, Tabitha, and Thomas. 

(IV) Edmund (2) Lewis, son of John 
(2) and Elizabeth (Brewer) Lewis, was 
born in Lynn, Massachusetts, December 8, 
1695. He was a farmer and by purchase 
of the right of the other heirs came into 
possession of his father's estate to which 
he added by purchase most of the estate 
of his uncle, Thomas Lewis, and other 
tracts of land. He died September 29, 
1777. He married (first), January 8, 
1723, Hepsebah Breed; (second), Novem- 
ber 25, 1756, Hannah (Prince) Fuller, 
widow of Captain John Fuller, who died 
in 1795. To the first marriage six chil- 
dren were born : John, Jr., Sarah, Lydia, 
Nathaniel, Joseph, and Elizabeth.. To 
the second marriage, one child, Edmund, 
was born, June 20, 1757. 

(V) Joseph Lewis, son of Edmund (2) 
and Hepsebah (Breed) Lewis, was born 
in 1733. He reared a family, among 
whom was John. 

(VI) John (3) Lewis, son of Joseph 
Lewis, was the father of Joseph Filt 

(VII) Joseph F. Lewis, son of John (3) 
Lewis, was born in Lynn, Massachusetts, 
September 21, 1804, and died December 
10, 1872. He married Almira Davis, and 
they were the parents of two children : 
Emily, and Joseph Edwin. 

(VIII) Joseph Edwin Lewis, son of 
Joseph F. and Almira (Davis) Lewis, was 
born in Lynn, Massachusetts, February 
II, 1838, and died in Holliston, Massa- 
chusetts, December 14, 1913. He received 
his education in the public schools of his 
district and then engaged in fishing, as 
did so many of those who, living on the 
coast, found the wealth of the sea the 
natural means of gaining a livelihood 
After a time, however, he decided that 
ambition and energy might find greater 
opportunity in other lines, and went to 
Auburn, Massachusetts, where he en- 
gaged in farming for a short time. He 
then sold his farm and purchased another 
at Fayville, where he remained for a time, 
and then went to Worcester, Later he 
bought a farm in West Boston, but after 
a time he sold this property and went 
back to Worcester, where he engaged in 
the manufacturing business. Still later 
he sold out and went to Holliston, Mas- 
sachusetts, where he was on a farm for a 
period of four years. This he sold, and 
entered the employ of the Bowker Fer- 
tilizer Company as traveling salesman. 
His success in this line was immediate, 
and for thirty-five years he sold to the 
farmers of Eastern Massachusetts, Rhode 
Island, Maine, and New Hampshire the 
excellent fertilizers compounded by the 
Bowker Company, continuing active in 
that line to the time of his death. A man 
of large ability and keen discernment, his 
skill in selling and his integrity in the 
conduct of business enabled him to render 
valuable service to the firm with which 
he was associated, and won for him the 
esteem of great numbers of those with 
whom his travels brought him in con- 

At the outbreak of the Civil War he 
enlisted, September 2, 1864, and served as 
a private in the Second Regiment, and in 
Company A, Seventeenth Regiment, Mas- 



sachusetts Infantry, until June 13, 1865, 
when he was honorably discharged. 
Throughout his life he was actively inter- 
ested in the public affairs of his com- 
munity, and took an active part in the 
social and civic life of his community. 
Fraternally he was affiliated with the 
Free and Accepted Masons of Holliston, 
and with the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, also the grange, in Holliston. 
His religious affiliation was with the Con- 
gregational church, in which he took an 
active interest, serving on the church 

He married (first), in 1858, Alice Ban- 
croft, of Auburn, Massachusetts, born 
July 2, 1837, died in 1864, daughter of 
Harvey and Mary (Knowles) Bancroft; 
(second) Harriet Curtis, of Caroline Cen- 
ter, New York. To the first marriage one 
child was born : Arthur B., of whom 
further ; and to the second marriage, four 
children were born : William C. ; Alice, 
died young; Charles, died young; and 

(IX) Arthur Bancroft Lewis, son of 
Joseph Edwin and Alice (Bancroft) 
Lewis, was born in Lynn, Massachusetts, 
September 3, 1859. He received his edu- 
cation in the public schools of West 
Boylston and of Lynn, Massachusetts, 
and when his studies were completed en- 
tered the employ of Ware Pratt, of Wor- 
cester, Massachusetts, where he remained 
for ten years. He was eminently suc- 
cessful as a salesman, and at the end of 
two years was made manager of the 
men's furnishing goods department, 
which position he filled during the last 
eight years of his connection with the 
Ware Pratt Company. In 1885 he came 
to Springfield, Massachusetts, where for 
one year he was associated with D. H. 
Brigham. At the end of that time he 
severed his connection with that com- 
pany and associated himself with Walker 

Brothers & Tobey. Shortly after this Mr. 
Tobey sold his interest and Mr. Lewis 
then bought an interest, the firm name 
becoming Walker Brothers & Lewis. 
This partnership was maintained for six 
years, the firm conducting two stores and 
building up a large and increasingly pros- 
perous business. At the end of that 
period the partnership was dissolved and 
Mr. Lewis became the sole proprietor of 
the store at the corner of Main and San- 
ford streets, where for the following 
thirty-five years he conducted a men's 
furnishing establishment. At the end of 
that time, in March, 1921, he sold his 
business and retired. He is a member of 
the Automobile Club, and an attendant 
of the Congregational church. 

On October 10, 1888, Arthur Bancroft 
Lewis married (first) Lena Johnson, of 
Springfield, Massachusetts, who died No- 
vember 16, 1910, daughter of Alonzo H. 
and Hannah (Parker) Johnson; (second) 
Ada Nichols, of Springfield. To the 
first marriage nine children were born : 
I. Raymond, born September 11, 1889, 
who served during the World War as 
inspector of parts in various factories en- 
gaged in manufacturing war supplies. 
He married, November 11, 1917, Olive 
Lester, and they have one child, Wey- 
man, born in July, 1918. 2. Marion J., 
born October 21, 1890, died January 5, 
1917; married Edgar McCoombs, of 
Colorado. 3. Helen B., born October 27, 
1891 ; married Lyndon H. Chase. 4. 
Henry P., born February 9, 1896, and 
served during the World War as a naval 
aviator, part of his period of service being 
passed in France. 5. Gertrude Alice, 
born September 23, 1897; married Guy 
Morton, and has three children : Rich- 
ard, Lewis, and Francis. 6. Arthur Ban- 
croft, born July 19, 1900, died December 
29, 1901. 7. Virginia C, born February 
27, 1903. 8. Alice Bancroft, born July 10, 



1905, died July 3, 191 1. 9. Elinor B. 
March 19, 1909. 

SCHILLANDER, Carl Axel, M. D. 

Among the well known and successful 
physicians of Springfield is Dr. Carl Axel 
Schillander, who has been practicing in 
Springfield since 191 1, and who is also at 
present serving as acting assistant 
surgeon of the public health service of the 
city. Dr. Schillander comes of a very old 
family, tracing his ancestry on the mater- 
nal side back to the seventh century to 
the Westergotland Province in Middle 
Sweden. His great-grandfather on the 
paternal side was E. W. Schillander, a 
curate in Luidsberg, Sweden, an upright, 
energetic, and able man, who married 
Hidda Elizabeth, born at Skatteley, 
Sweden, in 1793, and reared a family of 
children, among whom was Carl Gustaf 

Carl Gustaf Samuel Schillander, son of 
E. W. and Hidda (Elizabeth) Schill- 
ander, was born in 1820, and died in 1872. 
He was a successful business man and a 
public-spirited citizen, who was promi- 
nent in the affairs of his community and 
was highly respected by his associates. 
He was assistant treasurer of the Land 
Mortgage Bank, of the Province of 
Orebo, which position he filled faithfully 
and efficiently. He married Selma Laura 
Hallgrin, and among their children was 
Carl Rudolph Hjalmar. 

Carl Rudolph Hjalmar Schillander, son 
of Carl Gustaf Samuel and Selma Laura 
(Hallgrin) Schillander, was born in 
Orebo, Sweden, in 1859. He received 
his education in the schools of his native 
province and in early manhood owned 
an estate in Sweden. Being an intelli- 
gent and enterprising man, and realizing 
that in the newer country across the sea 
there was larger opportunity for his chil- 
dren, he came to America in 1890, locat- 

born ing in Boston, Massachusetts, where for 
several years he was engaged as an ac- 
countant. He took good care that his chil- 
dren should profit by the educational op- 
portunities of the land of his adoption, 
and at the same time managed to save 
some of his earnings. Some years later, 
having by industry and thrift accumu- 
lated suflficient capital, he bought a farm 
at Chester, New Hampshire, and there 
he has successfully engaged in farming to 
the present time. He married Sophia 
Sinn, who was born in Sweden, in i860, 
and they became the parents of four chil- 
dren : I. Maria Carolina, born February 
14, 1886; married Myron Harry Whit- 
ney, grandson of Myron Whitney, of the 
Boston Opera Company, the grandfather 
being famous for a long time as the 
principal bass soloist of the Boston 
Ideal Opera Company and of the Ameri- 
can Opera Company, having studied in 
Italy, Switzerland, and France, and 
singing as the only soloist at the opening 
of the Centennial Exhibition of 1876. 
Mr. and Mrs. Myron Harry Whitney 
have one child, Carl Roberts Whitney, 
born in Boston, in 1912. 2. Dr. Carl 
Axel, of whom further. 3. Anna Eliza- 
beth, born in 1890, and died in 1908, who 
held the world record for swimming one 
mile and three mile distances, defeating 
the previous record of Annette Keller- 
man. She is buried in Mount Hope Cem- 
etery, Boston. 4. Esther, born in 1895, 
died in 1897. 

Dr. Carl Axel Schillander, son of Carl 
Rudolph Hjalmar and Sophia (Sinn) 
Schillander, was born in Orebo, Sweden, 
March 8, 1889, and came to America 
with his parents when he was a child. 
He received his preliminary education in 
the public schools of Boston, Massachu- 
setts, and then entered Tufts College, 
from which he was graduated in 1909 
with the degree M. D. He then entered 



the United States Naval School for six 
months, at the end of which time he was 
made a surgeon in the navy. After two 
years of naval service he came to 
Springfield, Massachusetts, in 191 1, and 
there engaged in general practice. His 
thorough preparation and his personal 
ability and fitness for the work enabled 
him to quickly lay the foundations of a 
large and successful practice, and as time 
passed he has met with a constantly in- 
creasing success. With characteristic 
thoroughness he makes each case a sub- 
ject of careful diagnosis and faithful care, 
and through the years since his gradua- 
tion from college he has conscientiously 
kept in touch with the discoveries, inven- 
tions, and improvements made in his pro- 
fession in order that his patients might 
receive the advantages of all possible 
scientific progress. During the World 
War he enlisted, in June, 1918, in the 
army, and was sent to the Rockefeller 
Institute, to do research work, later going 
to Camp Wadsworth, from which post he 
was sent to Liverpool, England, and 
later to Base Hospital No. 92, in France. 
He was promoted to the rank of lieuten- 
ant in the 79th Division, attached to the 
Ambulance Corps, and served in the 
front line trenches during the battles of 
the Argonne and of Sand Hill, remain- 
iftg in active service until after the sign- 
ing of the armistice. After the close, of 
the war he returned to Springfield and 
resumed his general practice, in connec- 
tion with which he is serving as acting 
assistant surgeon of the public health 
service of Springfield, is also surgeon of 
the Springfield Hospital, and associate 
medical examiner of Hampden county. 
Dr. Schillander is a member of all the 
medical societies and associations. Na- 
tional, State, and county, and of sev- 
eral medical clubs. With all his profes- 
sional responsibilities he conserves his 

energy, permitting himself enough of 
relaxation and recreation to secure the 
highest efficiency. Fraternally he is af- 
filiated with Esoteric Lodge, Free and 
Accepted Masons, of Springfield. 

On July 14, 1914, Dr. Schillander mar- 
ried Margaret Bemis Stone, of Spring- 
field, Massachusetts, daughter of Everett 
E. Stone, former mayor of Springfield, 
and Fannie (Bemis) Stone, daughter of 
Stephen C. Bemis, who was also formerly 
mayor of Springfield. Dr. and Mrs. 
Schillander are the parents of two chil- 
dren : Bradford Stone Schillander, born 
August 29, 1916; and Margaret Elizabeth 
Schillander, born April 8, 1921. 

MANN, Charles Frederick 

Almost a quarter of a century ago, 
Charles F. Mann, who is serving in the 
triple capacity of president, director, and 
acting treasurer of the Lincoln Company, 
one of the leading plumbing and heating 
concerns of Springfield, Massachusetts, 
became a resident of that city, and since 
that time has been identified with the 
business interests of the city. 

The surname Mann appears very 
early in English history, and in Germany 
still earlier, the name generally being 
spelled "Man" in the earliest records, and 
both "Man" and "Mann" in the seven- 
teenth and eighteenth centuries. In 
the Domesday Book (1086) Willelmus 
Manne is mentioned as a landholder in 
county Hants, England, and branches of 
the family are found in counties Norfolk, 
Northampton. Gloucester, Lincoln and 
York. The principal seat of the family 
was at Bramley, county York, and from 
this family the immigrant, William 
Mann, who settled at Cambridge, Massa- 
chusetts, descended. The Mann family 
was very early represented in the colonies 
of New England, and among the various 
pioneer settlers of the name was Richard 



Mann, the ancestor of Charles F. Mann. 

(I) Richard Mann, immigrant ances- 
tor, was born in England, and settled in 
Scituate, Massachusetts, before 1644, 
where he was a landowner, and where he 
took the oath of fidelity, January 15, 1644. 
He was a farmer, and was one of the 
twenty-six partners in the celebrated 
Cohassett grant made in 1646. While 
crossing the ice on a pond near his home, 
he was drowned, February 16, 1655. 

(II) Thomas Mann, son of Richard 
Mann, lived for a time in Hanover, and 
later, with other settlers from both 
Scituate and Hanover, went to Rutland, 
Massachusetts. Thomas had a son, Ben- 

(III) Benjamin Mann, son of Thomas 
Mann, was born in Scituate, and later 
went to Rutland, Massachusetts. There 
he married, September 18, 1739, Sibella 
Newton, born in 1722 and baptized Sep- 
tember 30, 1722, at Marlborough, Massa- 
chusetts, who was a descendant of Rich- 
ard Newton, through (II) Daniel, (III) 
Abraham Newton, she being of the fourth 
generation. The children of Benjamin and 
Sibella (Newton) Mann, of Rutland 
were : Charles, of whom further ; Sarah, 
born November 11, 1746; Lucy, born 
April 6, 1751 ; Lois, born October 30, 
1653; and Willard, born August 24, 1758, 
who served in the Revolutionary War, 
enlisting in 1777 as a private in Captain 
Earl's Vermont Company for one month, 
and in the spring of 1780 re-enlisting and 
serving for three or five months at West 
Point, where he was for a time employed 
in building Fort Putnam, after which he 
served for ten months as a wagoner. He 
married Mary Cook and was the father of 
fifteen children, among whom was 

(IV) Charles Mann, son of Benjamin 
and Sibella (Newton) Mann, was born 
January 15, 1744. He was one of the first 

eight settlers of Chester, Vermont, and 
his name is to be found on the original 
town charter granted by the King of Eng- 
land (sealed with the quaint old "cracker 
seal") to the town of Chester, Vermont. 
He took a deep interest in the affairs of 
his time and was always ready to do his 
part in promoting the public welfare. He 
was a soldier of the Revolution, and is 
mentioned in the Mann Memorial, which 
is on record in the court house at Chester, 
Vermont, as having distinguished him- 
self at the battles of Monmouth and 
White Plains. He was upon the payroll 
of the company commanded by Ensign 
William Hoar from October 23 to No- 
vember 4, 1780, as Charles Mann, private. 
The following extract from the "Compact 
of the citizens of Chester, Vermont, 
1776," recorded in the office of the town 
clerk of that place, and signed by Charles 
Mann, Willard Mann, and other citizens, 
indicates the spirit of the times and the 
part which Charles Mann played in the 
opening scenes of the Revolution : "We, 
the subscribers, inhabitants of that dis- 
trict of land commonly called and 
known by the name of said New Hamp- 
shire Grants, do voluntarily and sol- 
emnly engage under all the ties held 
sacred amongst mankind, at the risque 
of our lives and our fortunes, to defend 
by arms the United American Colonies 
against the hostile attempts of the British 
Fleat and armies, until the present un- 
happy controversy between the two 
countries shall be settled." The docu- 
ment is dated September 2, 1776. 

Charles Mann married (first), May 21, 
1765, Elenthan (or Elanthan) Ide, a de- 
scendant of Nicholas Ide, through his son 
Timothy, through Timothy's son Icha- 
bod, born March 31, 1717, who married 
Mary Mason and became the father of 
Elenthan Ide, who was born June 23, 
1746. She died April 28, 1771, and he 



married (second) Elizabeth Cobb; (third) 
Sarah Williams. The children of the first 
marriage were Lydia ; and Samuel, of 
whom further. Other children were : 
Abigail, born August 27, 1778; Betsey, 
born November 27, 1780, married Thomas 
C. Olcott; Zara, born October 23, 1783; 
and Elenthan, born April 17, 1787. 

(V) Samuel Mann, son of Charles and 
Elenthan (Ide) Mann, was born in Ches- 
ter, Vermont, April 18, 1771, and died in 
Sherbrook, Canada. He was a man of 
energy and enterprise, interested in all 
that pertained to the welfare of the com- 
munities in which he lived, and highly 
esteemed by all who knew him He mar- 
ried, November 28, 1793, Silence French, 
and they were the parents of nine chil- 
dren : Lydia ; Zara, who served in the 
War of 1812; Mary, Naomi, Abigail; 
Ichabod O., of whom further; Otis G., 
Joel T., and Minerva. 

(VI) Ichabod O. Mann, son of Samuel 
and Silence (French) Mann, was born in 
Chester, Vermont, March 17, 1809. Like 
his father, he was vigorous and capable 
and took an active part in the affairs of 
the town, winning the respect and esteem 
of his associates. He married Sarah Still, 
and they were the parents of five chil- 
dren : Otis ; Henry ; Sarah Minerva ; 
Samuel Willard, of whom further ; and 

(VII) Samuel Willard Mann, son of 
Ichabod O. and Sarah (Still) Mann, was 
born in Landgrove, Vermont, October 
30, 1839. The following was compiled 
from official and authentic sources by the 
Soldiers and Sailors Historical Benevo- 
lent Society: 

Enlisted as Samuel Willard, from Suffolk county, 
Massachusetts, as a Private to serve three years 
or during the war, and was mustered into the U. S. 
services on the i8th day of July, 1861, as a Ser- 
geant of Captain Casper Crowninshield's Company 

"D," 20th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer In- 
fantry, Colonel William R. Lee commanding. 

He was promoted for meritorious service to 
First (Orderly) Sergeant, and on Oct. i, 1862, at 
Antietam, Md., to Second Lieutenant of the same 

The 20th Massachusetts Infantry rendezvoused 
at Camp Massasoit, Readville, early in July, 1861, 
the field and staff being mustered into service for 
three years July i, and the line officers July loth, 
and the main body of the regiment Aug. 28, 1861. 
In August the Secretary of War called for all reg- 
iments and parts of regiments to be sent forward, 
and September 4th the regiment received its colors, 
was armed with Enfield rifles, and with only 600 
men was hurried to the front, leaving the State 
under Col. Wm. Raymond Lee, a graduate of West 
Point. Proceeding to Washington, D. C, the com- 
mand encamped at Camp Kalorama on Meridian 
Hill until Sept. 10, then moved to Camp Bumside, 
and Sept. 12 marched for Poolesville, Md., en- 
camping Sept. 14th at Camp Benton, halfway 
between Poolesville and Edward's Ferry, and 
assigned to Gen. Lander's Brigade of Gen. Stone's 
Corps of Observation. 

Employed in picket duty until Oct. 20, when 
seven companies marched to Edward's Ferry to a 
point opposite Harrison's Island, crossing to the 
Island on flat-boats at midnight. Oct. 21 the com- 
mand crossed to the Virginia side of the Potomac 
and bore a gallant part in the battle of Ball's Bluff, 
fighting bravely against greatly superior numbers 
of the enemy, losing 15 killed, 44 wounded and 135 
missing out of 300 engaged, or nearly two-thirds. 
Col. Lee and Major Revere being among those 
captured and being held until the following May. 
Lieut-Col. Palfrey, who had been left in charge of 
the camp, rallied Co. "K" and all survivors avail- 
able, recrossed the Potomac to the Virginia side 
and skirmished with the enemy during the next 
two days, returning to the Maryland side on the 
night of Oct. 23, after which the regiment returned 
to Camp Benton and was assigned to picket the 
Potomac from Edward's Ferry to Seneca Mills 
during the winter of 1861-2, Gen. Dana taking 
command of the brigade and Gen. Sedgwick of the 
Division, Feb. 25, 1862, moved to Camp Lee, near 
Poolesville. March 11 crossed the Potomac and 
moved to Berryville in the Shenandoah Valley, 
thence via Bolivar to Washington, D. C, and 
March 27 embarked for the Peninsula, having been 
assigned with Sedgwick's Division to Sumner's 
(2nd) Corps, Army of the Potomac. Marched 



April 5 against the enemy and thereafter bore an 
honorable part in the following additional battles 
and campaigns, viz. : Siege of Yorktown, West 
Point, Fair Oaks or Seven Pines, Seven Days' 
battle, including Peach Orchard or Allen's Farm, 
Savage Station, Glendale or White Oak Swamp, 
and Malvern Hill, Va., losing 70 killed and 
wounded at Glendale, Chantilly, Va. ; Antietam, 
Md., losing 141 out of 400; Fredericksburg, Va., 
losing 35 killed, 138 wounded, more than half of 
those engaged in that desperate battle. The regi- 
ment encamped near Falmouth during the re- 
mainder of the winter of 1862-63, participating 
in Burnside's "Mud March" in January. 

After bearing a loyal part with the 20th Mas- 
sachusetts from the time of its organization 
through all that part of its service outlined above, 
the said Samuel W. Mann was promoted to the 
rank of Captain on the 21st day of March, 1863, 
and assigned to the command of Company "B," 
54th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, 
Colonel Robert G. Shaw commanding. 

The 54th Massachusetts Infantry was the first 
regiment of colored men raised in the Northern 
States east of the Mississippi river. It was re- 
cruited under authority granted by Governor 
Andrew by the Secretary of War, Jan. 26, 1863. 
The men came from all parts of Massachusetts 
and from many other States, enlisting entirely 
from patriotic motives, as no bounty was offered, 
although after the regiment was completed the 
State voluntarily paid each man $50.00. Captain 
Robert G. Shaw of the 2nd Massachusetts was 
promoted Major and placed in full charge of the 
regiment while it was being organized, and April 
17. 1863, was commissioned Colonel. Four com- 
panies were mustered into the U. S. service, March 
30, 1863, three on April 23, and the remaining 
three on May 13. May 28th, 1863, the command 
left the State to reinforce Gen. Hunter in the De- 
partment of the South, embarking at Boston on the 
transport, "DeMolay." Arrived June 3 at Hilton 
Head, S. C, thence ordered to Beaufort, and a 
few lays later to St Simons Island off the 
Georgia coast, 60 miles south of Savannah. With 
the Second South Carolina it formed a Brigade 
under Col. Montgomery. Landed at New Fred- 
erica and next day eight companies, with part of 
the 2nd North Carolina moved on the "Sentinel" 
on an expedition up the Altamaha to Darien, 
finding the place deserted, the enemy having fled, 
and the command returned with the prize of a 
schooner loaded with cotton. Two weeks later the 
regiment returned on the "Ben Deford" to Hilton 

Head, S. C, and for two weeks was employed in 
drill and camp duty. Embarked with the Brigade 
July 8 for Stono Inlet, joining the expedition to 
James Island under Gen. Terry, and bore the brunt 
of the battle near Secessionville, S. C, July 16, 
1863, in which the enemy attacked with a strong 
force but was repulsed after two hours' fighting 
in which the regiment lost 14 killed, 18 wounded 
and 13 missing, two companies being cut off dur- 
ing the battle but refused to surrender, and fought 
their way to the main body. The determined and 
successful resistance of the pickets under Capt. 
S. W. Mann, who held out against about 5,000 of 
the enemy under General Hapgood, gave Gen. 
Terry time to reform the Division and prevented 
the capture of the pickets of the loth Connecticut, 
who were in imminent danger. Marched during 
the night of July 16 in a heavy storm and over a 
very difficult route to Cole's Island, and the fol- 
lowing night, with the rain pouring in torrents, 
embarked on a transport by means of a single 
dilapidated long boat, the embarkation taking all 
night. July 18 proceeded under orders to Folly 
Island, marching thence to Light House Inlet 
and crossed to Morris Island, arriving at 6 P. M. 
and reporting to Gen. Strong, without rations and 
worn out with hardship and exposure and the loss 
of sleep for the two preceding nights, and was 
immediately ordered to lead the assault of Strong's 
Brigade on Fort Wagner, advancing steadily in 
the face of a terrible fire of artillery and musketry, 
closing their ranks as great numbers of the men 
continued to fall, finally planting both flags on the 
parapet, where a hand to hand fight took place and 
where Colonel Shaw fell at the head of the storm- 
ing column. The rebels were driven from the 
parapet, and a number of men reached inside of the 
fort. All the field officers and most of the line 
officers having been killed or wounded, Capt. 
Emilio rallied the remnants of the regiment at a 
point 700 yards from the fort and held this ad- 
vanced position in the line until relieved the next 

In this heroic assault the 54th had lost out of 
600, twenty killed, 102 wounded and 125 missing, 
many of those missing being undoubtedly killed, as 
they were never afterwards traced. 

The said Captain Samuel W. Mann commanded 
his company through all that portion of its service 
outlined above. In the desperate charge at Fort 
Wagner, Morris Island, S. C, July 18, 1863, he 
was severely wounded by gunshot in left thigh. 
He was taken to the hospital, where he remained 
a few days waiting for transportation, then was 



sent North to Massachusetts, where he was 
treated at home by his family physician, and on 
the following Oct. 6, 1863, he resigned on account 
of disability caused by wound, receiving an Hon- 
orable Discharge at Westboro, Mass., Oct. 15, 1863. 

After recovering to some extent from the effects 
of his wound, he reenlisted in June, 1864, to serve 
three years or during the war, and was mustered 
into the U. S. service at Gallop's Island, Boston 
Harbor, Mass., as Second Lieutenant of Captain 
George T. Faverweather's 22nd Unattached Com- 
pany, which became Company "F," 4th Regiment 
Massachusetts Volunteer Heavy Artillery, Col. 
William S. King commanding. He was promoted 
to First Lieutenant on the first day of August, 

The Fourth Regiment of Massachusetts Heavy 
Artillery was composed of the Unattached Com- 
panies numbered from the 17th to the 28th inclu- 
sive. These companies were sent to Washington as 
such in September, 1864, six companies sailing 
from Boston on the nth, two proceeding by rail on 
the 13th, and the remaining four sailing on the 
i6th. The various companies were organized as 
a regiment on the 12th of November, 1864, with 
William S. King as Colonel. The regiment was 
assigned to the 22nd Corps Army of the Defenses 
of Washington, and placed on duty in detach- 
ments guarding the National Capital. The duties 
required of these detachments were faithfully and 
efficiently performed, and although the regiment 
was not called into the test of battle both officers 
and men evinced the highest soldierly qualities and 
fully sustained the proud record our veterans have 
ever attained. Under the able command of its 
officers the regiment attained a high degree of 
skill in the handling of heavy guns of the forts, 
as well as in infantry tactics. The command re- 
mained on duty in the chain of forts which 
formed a cordon around the Capital until after 
the close of the war, when it was mustered out and 
returned to Massachusetts, having lost by death 
during its service a total of 25 men. 

The said Samuel W. Mann was on duty with his 
company from the time of its organization until 
the war was practically ended, until April 15, 1865, 
when his wound having again broken out, he re- 
ceived a final Honorable Discharge at Westboro, 
Mass., by reason of disability. In all three of the 
organizations in which he successfully served dur- 
ing the four years of the war, he was always to 
be found at his post of duty, bearing a loyal and 
faithful part in all operations, campaigns and bat- 

tles outlined above and achieving a gallant record 
as a brave soldier and efficient officer. 

He was born Oct. 30, 1839, at Landgrove, Vt., 
and was united in marriage to Anna M. Under- 
wood, at Westboro, Mass., January 6, 1866, and 
to them were born the following children, viz. : 
Willard W., Charles F., Sarah L, Harold O. and 
Edna M. 

He is Past Commander and present (1906) 
Chaplain of General Wadsworth Post 63, Depart- 
ment of Massachusetts, G. A. R., and his wife is 
a member of Woman's Relief Corps Auxiliary to 
the G. A. R. 

He served the public two years as Selectman of 
Natick, and one year as Chairman of the Board 
of Selectmen. 

His brother, Henry Mann, served with honor in 
the Union army during the Civil War, and his 
great-grandfather, Samuel Mann, in the Revolu- 
tion. An uncle, Henry Mann, served in the War 
of 1812. 

These facts are thus recorded and preserved 
for the benefit of all those who may be interested. 

Anna M. (Underwood) Mann, wife of 
Samuel Willard Mann, was bom in West- 
boro, Massachusetts, October 17, 1846, 
died February 11, 191 1, daughter of Aus- 
tin and Sarah (Smith) Underwood. Chil- 
dren of Mr. and Mrs. Mann: Willard 
Winthrop ; Charles Frederick, of whom 
further ; Sarah Isabelle ; Harold Otis, 
married, October 21, 1908, Ruth Proctor, 
and they have three children : Muriel 
Elizabeth, born September 28, 1909, 
Bernice Kathryn, born March 17, 191 1, 
and Willard Proctor Mann, born Septem- 
ber 6, 1919. 

(VIII) Charles Frederick Mann, son 
of Samuel Willard and Anna M. (Under- 
wood) Mann, was born in Westboro, 
Massachusetts, February 15, 1868. His 
education was obtained in the public 
schools of Natick, Massachusetts, and 
upon the completion of his studies he 
learned the heating and plumbing busi- 
ness in Natick, Massachusetts, becoming 
an expert workman. His first position 
was in St. Johnsbury, Vermont, from 



whence he removed to Spring-field, Mas- 
sachusetts, in 1897, and for the three fol- 
lowing years was associated with Whit- 
comb, Kirkham & Gray. At the end of 
that time he severed his connection with 
the above named concern and became as- 
sociated with a Mr. Porter, with whom 
he remained for two years. In 1902 he 
decided to engage in the heating and 
plumbing business for himself, and for 
seven years, from 1902 to 1909, he con- 
ducted a prosperous concern. At the end 
of that period he sold out and became 
identified with the C. A. Albee Plumbing 
Company, which eventually was absorbed 
by the Lincoln Company, and in the lat- 
ter organization Mr. Mann is now filling 
the offices of president, acting treasurer, 
and member of the board of directors. 
Under his management, the business of 
the company has steadily advanced. Mr. 
Mann is a member of Hampden Lodge, 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 

Charles F. Mann married (first), Au- 
gust II, 1897, Ina Eugenie Coggins, 
of Lubec, Maine, who died January 22, 
1909, daughter of Albert and Phillippa 
W. Coggins; (second), August 16, 1911, 
Georgianna Fortin, of Quebec, Canada, 
who was born July 13, 1867. 

FLANDERS, Herbert Merritt 

The general manager of the Spring- 
field Railway Company, Herbert M. 
Flanders, is of very old Colonial stock, 
tracing his ancestry to Stephen Flanders, 
who settled in Salisbury, Massachusetts, 
in 1643. The name suggests the Flemish 
origin of one who settled in England dur- 
ing the time the English were assuming 
surnames, and from whom are descended 
the families of that name in England and 
in this country. The lineal descent of 
Herbert Merritt Flanders is traced as 
follows : 

(I) Stephen Flanders, descendant of 

the Count of Flanders, came to this coun- 
try from England and later, in 1643, set- 
tled in Salisbury, Massachusetts. He was 
given a piece of land in repayment for his 
services in taking care of the town cows, 
and was made a freeman in 1646. He 
shared the activities of the pioneer life 
of the times in Massachusetts, married, 
and reared a family of children, five sons 
and two daughters. Among the sons was 

(II) Nathan Flanders, son of Stephen 
Flanders, married and reared a family of 
children, among whom was Ezekiel. 

(HI) Ezekiel Flanders, son of Nathan 
Flanders, was born in 1734, and in mature 
life removed to Plaistow, then a part of 
Kingston, New Hampshire. He served in 
the Revolutionary War and was one of 
those who accompanied Stark to Ben- 
nington, taking part in the battle fought 
there and in the Battle of Saratoga. He 
married and became the father of chil- 
dren, among whom was Ezekiel (2). 

(IV) Ezekiel (2) Flanders, son of Eze- 
kiel (i) Flanders, was born in 1754. He 
was a man of enterprise and ability, took 
part in the afifairs of his community, and 
served as corporal in the Revolutionary 
War. Among his children was Jonathan. 

(V) Jonathan Flanders, son of Ezekiel 
(2) Flanders, was born in 1775, and reared 
a family, among whom was Benjamin. 

(VI) Benjamin Flanders, son of Jona- 
than Flanders, was born in 1800 and died 
in 1874. He was a farmer and spent his 
entire life in Plaistow, New Hampshire. 
He married Mary George, who was born 
in 1810 and died in 1889, and they were 
the parents of four children : Francis 
Nelson; Catherine Stanwood ; Louise M.; 
and Clarinda. 

(VII) Francis Nelson Flanders, son of 
Benjamin and Mary (George) Flanders, 
was born in Plaistow, New Hampshire, 
in August, 1830, and died in January, 1900. 




He received a practical education in the 
local schools which he supplemented by 
much independent reading and study, be- 
coming a widely read, and well educated 
man. He learned the trade of the shoe- 
maker, and while he continued to work at 
that trade put such energy, ability, and 
conscientious care into his work that he 
soon had the reputation of making the 
best shoes in Plaistow. He thriftily 
saved, keeping an eye out for large op- 
portunities, and later purchased a grocery 
store. During the Civil War he acted as 
attorney and "swore in" the boys who 
were enlisting for service. In 1863 he 
again changed his occupation, and entered 
the employ of the Boston & Maine Rail- 
road Company as station agent at Plais- 
tow. The duties of this position he dis- 
charged faithfully and well for a number 
of years, and then resigned in order to 
become agent for the Long Island Rail- 
road Company, at Hempstead, Long 
Island. He later removed to Haverhill, 
Massachusetts, where for a time he fol- 
lowed his trade of making boots and 
shoes, continuing to turn out his usual 
high grade quality of stout boots and 
shoes until he returned to Plaistow, 
where he lived practically retired. Politi- 
cally he was a Democrat, and prominent 
in the affairs of the town, serving as a 
member of the Board of Selectmen, of 
which he was chairman, and holding 
various town offices during most of his 
active life. Willing to serve his commun- 
ity in whatever way seemed best calcu- 
lated to secure progress and increase the 
public welfare, he was highly esteemed 
as a public-spirited citizen and a faithful 
friend. He married Lucretia Ann Hall, 
who was born in Thornton, New Hamp- 
shire, in 1829, and died in 1913, and they 
were the parents of five children : Anna 
Frances ; Dana Judson ; Mary Isadore ; 
James Allen ; and Carrie Louise. 

(VIII) Dana Judson Flanders, son of 
Francis Nelson and Lucretia Ann (Hall) 
Flanders, was born in Plaistow, New 
Hampshire, December 23, 1850. He re- 
ceived his early education in the schools 
of his native town and then attended 
Atkinson Academy. Though but a boy 
he revealed clearly the characteristics 
which were strongly marked throughout 
his life. He walked three miles each way 
daily in order that he might attend the 
Academy, and when thirteen years of age 
began to study telegraphy at the brick 
yard railroad station in Plaistow, an office 
of the Boston & Maine Railroad. He soon 
became so proficient that, though still 
but a boy, he was made spare operator 
and entrusted with the teaching of new 
agents not only in Plaistow, but in 
Exeter and in Haverhill, Massachusetts. 
In 1869, when he was nineteen years of 
age, he was offered the position of tele- 
graph operator and clerk in the office of 
Mr. Merritt, of the Boston & Maine Rail- 
road Company. He accepted the position 
and amply fulfilled the promise of his 
energetic and gifted boyhood. Ability, 
energy, and faithfulness won the sub- 
stantial recognition of the company in the 
form of successive promotions. From the 
position of telegraph operator and clerk, 
he worked his way upward, becoming gen- 
eral passenger and ticket agent and 
finally being advanced to the responsible 
position of passenger and traffic manager 
of the entire Boston and Maine system. 
The exacting and responsible duties of 
this position he continued to discharge 
until his retirement from active life in 
1910. The development of the system 
during the time he was connected with 
the company is indicated by the fact that 
when he first took a position with the 
company the Boston and Maine system 
consisted of 156 miles of road; when he 
retired, in October, 1910, after forty-five 



consecutive years of service, the system 
comprised about 2400 miles of road. 

For many years Mr. Flanders has made 
his home in Maiden, Massachusetts, and 
here he has been an active, progressive 
citizen, taking part in the public affairs 
of the community, and giving freely of 
his time, his ability, and his means. In 
1896 he was elected a director of the 
Maiden Trust Company, and in 1909 he 
was made vice-president of that com- 
pany, an office which he still holds and in 
the discharge of the duties of which he 
is still active. He served as assessor of 
Maiden for four years, and was elected 
a member of the board of aldermen in 

With all his responsibilities, Mr. Flan- 
ders has found time for numerous busi- 
ness, fraternal, and club affiliations. He 
is a thirty-third degree Mason, having 
joined Gideon Lodge. Free and Accepted 
Masons, in Kingston, New Hampshire ; 
later becoming a member of Merrimack 
Lodge, of Haverhill, Massachusetts, of 
which he is past master; and now being 
a charter member of Converse Lodge, 
Free and Accepted Masons, of Maiden, 
Massachusetts. He has served as district 
deputy, and as grand master ; was junior 
grand warden of the Grand Lodge in 
1888; and was grand master of Massachu- 
setts from 1908 to 191 1. He has also 
served as grand commander of the Massa- 
chusetts and Rhode Island Commanderies, 
and was elected an honorary member of 
Mount Vernon Lodge and also of Esoteric 
Lodge, of Springfield, Massachusetts. He 
is a charter member of Kernwood Club, 
of which he was the first vice-president, 
and was later elected president, being the 
second incumbent of that office. He was 
president and chairman of the New Eng- 
land Passenger Agents' Association ; and 
served for two years as president of the 
American Association of Passenger and 

Traffic officials. Mr. Flanders is a mem- 
ber of the Universalist church, which he 
serves as chairman and president of the 
board of trustees. He was president of 
the State Universalist Convention for two 
years, and was active in the building of 
the handsome new church in Maiden. 

Mr. Flanders married Eliza Duffill, who 
was born in Dudley, Worcestershire, 
England, daughter of Thomas and Mary 
(Thomas) Duffill, she having come to this 
country in 1865. Mr. and Mrs. Flanders 
are the parents of three children : 
Herbert M., of whom further; Howard 
Nelson, married Mollie Crane and they 
have three children, Howard Nelson, Jr., 
Elizabeth, and Dwight Crane ; Ruth 
Louise, married Paul D. Turner, and has 
three children, Mary Eliza, Clarinda, and 
Anna Francis. 

(IX) Herbert Merritt Flanders, son of 
Dana Judson and Eliza (Duffill) Flanders, 
was born in Haverhill, Massachusetts, 
May 6, 1876. He attended the local 
schools until he was eight years of age 
and then, his parents having removed to 
Maiden, Massachusetts, attended the 
Maiden High School. Having completed 
his high school course, he entered the 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 
from which he graduated in 1900. Like 
his father, he was a youth of much energy 
and possessed an enterprising spirit. 
Upon his graduation from the Institute, 
he immediately entered the employ of the 
Boston & Maine Railroad Company, en- 
gaging in construction and grade cross- 
ing work on their electric line between 
Portsmouth and Northampton, New 
Hampshire. For five years he continued 
this work, rendering excellent service to 
the company and gaining for himself most 
valuable experience. He then associated 
himself with the Boston and Worcester 
Street Railway Company, engaging in 
construction work for them for about a 



year, when he resigned in order that he 
might work with various contractors who 
were engaged in the building of street 
railways. He made the survey for the 
Interurban lines between Boston and 
Providence, with G. M. Thompson, chief 
engineer, and did other constructive work, 
some of which attracted the attention of 
the Stone & Webster Company which 
was contemplating large construction 
work in Texas. They made Mr. Flanders 
an offer which he accepted, going to 
Houston, Texas, as chief engineer of the 
Houston Electric Company. Here he had 
charge of the property of the Houston, 
Texas Electric Road, and later he went to 
Fort Worth, Texas, as chief engineer of 
the Northern Texas Traction Company. 
Ill health, probably due to the climate, 
however, interfered with his plans, and 
he was obliged to come North to recu- 

For a time he conducted a business of 
his own, but the larger corporations de- 
sired his services and offered him large 
inducements. One of these was a posi- 
tion with an engineering company in 
Tacoma, Washington, but this he refused, 
and later associated himself with M. C. 
Brush, general manager of the Newton 
Street Railway Company, with whom he 
engaged in construction work. 

Still later, he became associated with 
Mr. Storrs, president of the New Eng- 
land Investment Company. Possessed of 
large ability and well prepared for his 
work by general and special training and 
practical experience, Mr. Flanders had 
now become an expert in his line. His 
was the type of ability which demands 
large responsibilities. In 1909 he came 
to Springfield, Massachusetts, as road- 
master of the Springfield Street Railway 
Company, and in 1914 was made general 
manager, which position he continues to 
hold at the present time (1921). 

Exacting responsibilities and signal 
success in large scale enterprises have not 
made Mr. Flanders less of a public- 
spirited citizen or prevented his being a 
genial comrade. He has found time for 
fraternal, social, and religious affiliations, 
and is an active, interested participant in 
the activities of the organizations to 
which he belongs. He is a thirty-second 
degree Mason, being affiliated with the 
Converse Lodge, Free and Accepted 
Masons, of Maiden, Massachusetts, and 
of all the Scottish Rite bodies in Spring- 
field, except the Consistory, being a mem- 
ber of this body in Boston. He is also a 
member of the Chamber of Commerce, 
of the Rotary Club, and of the Nayasset 
Club, all of Springfield ; of the Delta 
Kappa Epsilon and fraternities of the 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 
and of the Longmeadow Country Club. 
He attends the Universalist church. 

On March 22, 1905, Herbert M. Flanders 
married Elizabeth Burchmore Coburn, of 
Lowell, Massachusetts, daughter of 
Alonzo and Elizabeth Coburn. 

HARRIS, William AUen 

The name Harris is derived through 
the Welsh custom, in use before surnames 
were generally adopted by the common 
people of Great Britain, of adding to a 
name the possessive form in order to dis- 
tinguish one individual from another of 
the same name. Thus John might be 
William's John or he might be Davy's or 
John's or Harry's. In the course of time 
the possessive form of the father's name 
became a surname or patronymic used in 
addition to the given name, and acquired 
a more or less fixed form. William's 
John, spoken of as John Williams's, be- 
came John Williams ; Davy's John, be- 
came John Davis, and Harry's John 
became John Harris. The ancestors of 
the branch of the family to which Wil- 



Ham Allen Harris and his wife, Henrietta 
(Clark) Harris, belong, were among the 
earliest settlers in New England, and the 
family has contributed much to the devel- 
opment of the Nation. Enterprising, 
capable, and courageous, one Harris after 
another has moved westward as the 
frontier line has receded from the Atlantic 
coast until nearly every State in the 
Union finds the name Harris among its 
pioneer settlers. From the Atlantic to 
the Pacific members of the family have 
helped to carve from the wilderness 
pioneer homes, and the resourcefulness 
developed by hand to hand struggle with 
the forces of Nature was later used in 
various lines of invention and of con- 
structive work. The pioneer ancestor of 
this branch of the family was Thomas 
Harris, from whom William Allen Harris 
and his wife trace descent, as follows : 

(I) Thomas Harris, born in Deal, Kent 
county, England, came to America with 
his brother William in the ship "Lion," 
sailing from Bristol, England, December 

1, 1630. His signature, with that of 
twelve others, was affixed to a compact 
drawn up August 21, 1637, pledging 
obedience to such laws as the majority 
might make for the public good : "We 
whose names are hereunder, desirous to 
inhabit the town of Providence, do 
promise to subject ourselves in active or 
passive obedience to such laws as the 
majority might make for the public good 
of the body in an orderly way by the 
majority assent of the present inhabi- 
tants, members incorporated together in 
a town of fellowship, and such others as 
they shall admit unto themselves, only in 
civil things." On July 27, 1649, he ^^^ 
thirty-eight others signed an agreement 
for a form of government. On September 

2, 1650, he was taxed one pound; from 
1652 to 1657 and from 1661 to 1663 he was 
commissioner ; in 1654, lieutenant ; 1655, 

freeman ; 1656, juryman ; in 1664-66-67 
and 1670-72-73, deputy to the General 
Court; in 1664-65-66-69, member of the 
Town Council ; February 19, 1665, drew 
Lot 7 in division of town lands. In May, 
1667, as surveyor, he laid out the lands, 
and on August 14, 1676, he was on a com- 
mittee which recommended certain con- 
ditions under which the Indian captives, 
who were to be in servitude for a term of 
years, should be disposed of by the town. 
On April 27, 1683, he made the statement 
that about 1661, he being then surveyor, 
he laid out a three-acre lot for his son 
Thomas, at Pauquchance Hill, and a 
twenty-five acre lot on the south side, 
etc. On June 3, 1686, he made his will, 
and July 22, 1686, it was proved, his son 
Thomas being appointed executor and 
his sons-in-law, Thomas Field and Sam- 
uel Whipple, overseers. He died June 7, 
1686. Thomas Harris married Elizabeth 
, who died in Providence. Chil- 
dren : Thomas ; Mary ; Martha. 

(II) Thomas (2) Harris, eldest child 
and son of Thomas (i) and Elizabeth 
Harris, born 1641, died February 27, 171 1, 
always having lived in Providence. The 
records show that on February 19, 1665, 
he drew Lot 49 in a division of lands; 
that he was deputy to the General Court, 
1671-79, 1680-81-82-85, 1691-94-97, 1702- 
1706-07-08, and 1710; that he was a mem- 
ber of the Town Council, 1684-85-86; 
that he was taxed eight pounds nine 
pence, July i, 1679, and fourteen shillings 
nine pence, September i, 1687. On June 
21, 1708, he made his will, which was ap- 
proved, April 16, 171 1, the executors 
being his wife Elnathan and his son 
Henry. He married, November 3, 1664, 
Elnathan Tew, born October 15, 1643 O'' 
1646, died January 11, 1718, daughter of 
Richmond and Mary (Clarke) Tew, of 
Newport, Rhode Island, and they were 
the parents of nine children : Thomas ; 



Richard, of further mention ; Nicholas ; 
William ; Henry ; Amity ; Elnathan ; Job ; 

(III) Richard Harris, second son and 
child of Thomas (2) and Elnathan (Tew) 
Harris, was born November 14, 1668, in 
Providence, and died in Smithfield. in 
1750. He was a large landowner, and 
deeded to his son Richard (2), in 1725, 
one hundred acres of land in the latter 
town. He married (first) a daughter of 
Clement and Elizabeth King; married 
(second) Susanna Gordon, born in 1665, 
daughter of William and Hannah (Wicks) 
Burton, and widow of Samuel Gordon. 
She died in 1737. Children, all of the 
first marriage, were : Uriah ; Richard ; 
Amaziah ; Jonathan, of further mention ; 
David; Preserved; Amity; Dinah; and 

(IV) Jonathan Harris, third son of 

Richard and (King) Harris, was 

born June 12, 1712, in Smithfield, where 
he died, September 24, 1785, these dates 
being recorded on the files of the Quaker 
Church. He married (first) Mary Brown, 
mother of all his children ; married (sec- 
ond) Anna Whipple Mowry. He was 
the father of /Vbner, of further mention. 

(V) Abner Harris, son of Jonathan 
and Mary (Brown) Harris, was born 
June 10, 1730, and died March 16, 1788. 
He married Amy Colwell, daughter of 
Robert Colwell, who was born June 11, 
1731, and died August 31, 1821. The vital 
records of Smithfield show that he had 
thirteen children, among whom were 
three sons : David and Jonathan, twins, 
and William, of further mention. 

(VI) William Harris, son and tenth 
child of Abner and Amy (Colwell) Har- 
ris, was born in Smithfield, April ii, 
1768. He was married in Smithfield by 
the Rev. Edward Mitchell, October 24, 
1789, to Barbara Allen, born January 18, 
1768, died 1846, daughter of Waterman 

Mass 11—5 65 

Allen, of Cumberland. They settled in 
Hiram, Ohio, about 1820, and were the 
parents of Allen, of further mention, and 
eleven other children. 

(VII) Allen Harris, eldest son of Wil- 
liam and Barbara (Allen) Harris, was 
born in Smithfield, Rhode Island, May 16, 
1790, and died in Worcester, Alassachu- 
setts, February 3, 1864, aged seventy-four 
years. In 1800 he removed with his par- 
ents to Plainfield. He was well educated, 
and when a young man taught school for 
two winters. In 1817 he formed a part- 
nership with a Mr. Richmond, and en- 
gaged in the dry goods business. This 
was not successful, and he removed to 
Sterling, Connecticut, in 1820, where he 
became agent of the old stone mill at a 
yearly salary of $600. In 1824 he removed 
to Union Village, Plainfield, and after- 
ward to Central Village, where he built 
a cotton factory for making bed ticking. 
He also built a double house, part of 
which he rented. He kept a village 
variety store in connection with his fac- 
tory, to supply the factory hands, and as 
he had invested all his funds in this fac- 
tory enterprise he found it necessary to 
work hard and to practice the strictest 
economy in order to get his business on 
a firm foundation. In 1840, following a 
business depression, he sold his interests 
in the business to Arnold Fenner, with 
whom he had been associated, and paid 
him $2,000 in consideration of release 
from debts and obligations incurred in 
connection with its administration. Three 
years later he removed to Worcester, 
Massachusetts, and engaged in business 
as a commission merchant, continuing in 
this line until his death in 1864. His son 
William was associated with him for 
many years. Successful in accumulating 
property, he bought a large and substan- 
tial house at the corner of Elm and Chest- 
nut streets. He took a keen interest in 


genealogical research, collected data and 
relics of all kinds that could help to trace 
or to preserve family history, and had in 
his possession the deeds made out by his 
ancestors from Thomas Harris down. It 
was his sister Sophia who said of him, 
"There is Allen ; he is always bringing 
home some old furniture. As for me, I 
wouldn't give him two cents for Adam's 
old bureau." When the Civil War broke 
out he wished his family to be repre- 
sented, and none of the family having 
gone to war, he himself enlisted, though 
seventy-one years of age at the time, join- 
ing the Worcester State Guard which did 
escort duty on various occasions. Late 
in January, 1864, he marched about five 
miles into the country, with his com- 
pany, to honor the remains of a soldier 
brought home for burial, and, taking cold, 
died four days afterward. After his 
death his son Daniel was made honorary 
member of the company which he had 
commanded. He was a member of the 
Old South Church in Worcester, and at 
the time of his death was its oldest 
deacon. For many years he taught a 
Bible class in its Sunday school, and of 
him a member once said : "He was the 
best teacher I ever had ; he made every- 
thing so plain." When Old South Church 
celebrated its one hundredth anniversary 
in 1863, he was one of the committee of 
arrangements, and chairman of the fin- 
ance committee. Being the oldest deacon 
he was chosen to "line off the hymns," a 
service which he performed with great 
dignity and precision. His letters show 
that at various times he was high sheriff, 
justice of the peace, and postmaster in 
Connecticut. Active, able, conscientious, 
and generous, he was most highly es- 
teemed by friends and associates, and so 
conscientious was he in the keeping of a 
promise that a friend once wrote of him : 

"I would as soon take Allen Harris' 
word as a note well indorsed." 

Allen Harris married (first), May 7, 
1816, in Plainfield, Connecticut, Hart 
Lester, born in Plainfield, Connecticut, 
December 25, 1789, died at Central Vil- 
lage, August 24, 1826, daughter of Colonel 
Timothy Lester, of Shepard Hill, Plain- 
field, Connecticut. He married (second), 
in September, 1827, Almira Vaughn, 
daughter of Russell Vaughn, of Sterling, 
Connecticut. Children of first marriage 
were: i. Daniel Lester, of further men- 
tion. 2. William Henry, born in Sterling, 
Connecticut, March 7, 1820, lived in 
Brooklyn, New York, and died there, 
August 25, 1896; married Mary Pond, 
sister of Susan, wife of Joel B. Harris ; 
parents of five children. 3. Joel Benedict, 
of further mention. To the second mar- 
riage were born the following children : 

4. Mary Gladden, born in Plainfield, Con- 
necticut, April 17, 1829; married Edward 
Marsh; died July i, 1854. 5. Emma Col- 
well, born in Plainfield, Connecticut, 
August 13, 1836, died March 12, 1845. 

(VIII) Joel Benedict Harris, third son 
of Allen and Hart (Lester) Harris, was 
born in Sterling, Connecticut, November 

5, 1822, and was named for the Rev. Joel 
Benedict. Mr. Harris was educated at 
the Polytechnic Institute at Troy, New 
York, as a professional engineer. In 
June, i860, he settled in Rutland, Vermont, 
where he engaged in the manufacture of 
car wheels. He died there October 19, 
1891. He was an unassuming man, of. 
good business ability, devoted to his 
family and home. He married (first), 
December 30, 1847, Susan M. Pond, 
daughter of John F. Pond, of Worcester, 
Massachusetts, and had three children : 
Emma, Susan and Charles. He married 
(second), November 28, 1854, Mary Jane 
Gardiner, daughter of William Gardiner, 



of Providence, Rhode Island, and had five 
children : Martha ; William Allen, of 
further mention; Harriet Lester; Nellie; 
Mary. Mrs. Harris lived in the old home- 
stead until her death, September 14, 1914. 

(IX) William Allen Harris, son of Joel 
Benedict and Mary J. (Gardiner) Harris, 
was born in Springfield, Massachusetts, 
September 15, 1857. A man of large 
executive and administrative ability, he 
early engaged in manufacturing. He was 
identified as a partner in the Springfield 
Foundry and the Baush & Harris 
Machine Tool Company, but is now re- 
tired. Mr. and Mrs. Harris, with mem- 
bers of their family, have travelled ex- 
tensively in this country, to Europe, the 
Mediterranean, China, Japan, etc. Always 
interested in public afifairs, and giving 
generously of his time and of his ability, 
he has ever been ready to support those 
projects which seem to him to be well 
planned for the advancement of the public 
good. He has efficiently filled various 
city positions, and in other ways served 
his community. Although retired from 
the active management of the business 
which formerly occupied the major part 
of his time and his energy, Mr. Harris 
retains a directorship in the Fire and 
Marine Insurance Company, of which 
Mrs. Harris' father, Daniel Lester Har- 
ris, was an incorporator. At his death, 
his son Azariah was chosen his successor, 
and in turn was succeeded by William 

On October 10, 1883, William Allen 
Harris married Henrietta Clark Harris, 
tenth child of Daniel Lester Harris (see 
Mrs. William A. Harris' line), and they 
are the parents of seven children: i. 
Henrietta Corson, who graduated from 
Smith College in 1909. 2. William A., 
Jr., a graduate of Yale Sheffield School 
and of the Tuck School at Dartmouth ; 
he was a first lieutenant in the coast ar- 

tillery during the World War. 3. Daniel 
Lester (second), graduated from Dart- 
mouth College in 1917, and upon the out- 
break of the World War went to Europe 
with the First Regiment of Engineers ; 
on April 17, 1918, he married Pauline 
Clarke, and has one son, Daniel Lester, 
Jr. 4. Hart Lester, graduated from Smith 
College in 1913 ; married Joseph C. Allen, 
of Springfield, Massachusetts, December 
21, 1918. 5. Chesley Gardiner, died in 
1912, while a student at Yale Sheffield 
School, aged twenty-two years. 6. 
Ambia Harris, graduated from Smith Col- 
lege in 1920. 7. Harriet Octavia. 

(Mrs. WiUlam A. Harris' Line). 

(I) Thomas Harris; (II) Thomas (2) 
Harris; (III) Richard Harris; (IV) Jona- 
than Harris; (V) Abner Harris; (VI) 
William Harris; (VII) Allen Harris; 
(VIII) Daniel Lester Harris, of further 

(VIII) Daniel Lester Harris, eldest 
son of Allen and Hart (Lester) Harris, 
was born in Providence, Rhode Island, 
February 6, 1818, and died in Springfield, 
Massachusetts, July 11, 1879. He was a 
man of great energy and force of char- 
acter and possessed of unusual ability. 
Ambitious and aspiring, he secured the 
means for an education by working in his 
father's mill, after which he attended 
Plainfield Academy, and then entered the 
scientific department of Wesleyan Uni- 
versity, graduating August 23, 1837, at 
which time he delivered an address on 
"The Progress of Experimental Science." 
He became a civil engineer, scientific, ac- 
curate, and far-sighted, keenly alert not 
only to the advantages of doing first class 
work in his profession, but quick to see 
the larger fields opening up beyond his 
line. He was employed on the Norwich 
& Worcester railroad, in association with 
the famous James Laurie, with whom he 
was also associated in the early surveys 



for the Erie railroad in the wilderness of 
Allegany and Steuben counties, New 
York. From 1840 to 1843, he was assist- 
ant on the Troy & Schenectady railroad, 
and in the latter year went to Spring- 
field, Massachusetts, to survey the pro- 
posed railroad to Hartford. In that same 
year he resigned his position as engineer 
and took a part in the contract for build- 
ing the Hartford road. It was as railroad 
contractor and bridge builder that he 
made his fortune, being associated in the 
latter work with Amasa Stone and A. D. 
Briggs, with whom he continued his con- 
nection until within three years of his 
death. He built the bridges on the New 
London Northern railroad, and was one 
of the owners of the Howe truss bridge, 
besides being interested in railroad and 
bridge contracts all over the country. He 
built twenty-seven bridges over the Hart- 
ford, Providence, and Fishkill road, in- 
cluding the bridge over the Connecticut 
and the great truss roof over the old depot 
at Springfield. In January, 1855, he was 
elected a director of the Connecticut 
River railroad, and in March of the same 
year succeeded Chester W. Chapin as 
president of that company. It was Mr. 
Chapin who said of him that in his work 
Mr. Harris "had few equals and no 
superiors." Mr. Harris' activities were 
not confined to this country. In 1859 he 
was chosen to inspect the railroads of 
Russia, and as an expression of the Czar's 
appreciation of the high quality of the 
work done was presented with a valuable 
jewel. During the Civil War he was 
ofifered the position of government man- 
ager of the roads taken over by the gov- 
ernment, which he declined, but later, as 
a personal favor to General Grant, he be- 
came government director of the Union 
Pacific railroad, continuing for a short 

He was interested in, and a director of 

many corporations and companies, includ- 
ing the Springfield Fire and Marine In- 
surance Company, of which he was an 
incorporator ; the Chapin Bank, the Hol- 
yoke Water Power Company, and the 
Vermont Valley railroad. For railroad 
companies he probably performed his 
greatest service by organizing the East- 
ern Railroad Association, formed to re- 
sist suits for patent infringement, and to 
introduce useful patents. Mr. Harris 
was a strong fighter and marvellously 
gifted in the art of presenting a case 
clearly and convincingly. His fight 
against State appropriation for the 
Hoosac tunnel clearly demonstrated this, 
and though the tunnel was built, many of 
his predictions concerning it were later 
fulfilled. His services to the people were 
many and various, his influence being 
used to prevent coal, oil, and telegraph 
speculators from getting a strangle hold 
on Springfield being not the least of these. 
He gave his support to the newly formed 
Republican party, and rendered efficient 
service in saving Kansas as a free State. 
He was an active member of the Kansas 
Emigrant Aid Association, assisted in 
sending arms to the Kansas settlers, and 
helped to raise money for the assistance 
of John Brown. Mr. Harris served in the 
State Legislature, 1859-63-69, and was 
mayor of Spring^eld in i860. In 1872 he 
was elected a member of the first Board of 
Water Commissioners, and did valuable 
service in securing the present excellent 
supply of city water. In 1875 he began 
his valuable work as a member of the 
Common Council from Ward Four, in 
assisting Springfield to regain its finan- 
cial and economic equilibrium during the 
difficult years following the panic of 1873. 
It was he who early warned of the prick- 
ing of the bubble of wild speculation and 
inflated prices, and it was his wisdom and 
wide experience that did much to keep 



steady the frail bark of city finance dur- 
ing those days. In opposition to repudia- 
tion he advocated economy and thrift. 
With statesmanlike insight and scholarly 
command of facts, added to that rarer 
gift, "horse sense," he showed the people 
of Springfield the utter absurdity of many 
of their appropriations of the past and 
guided them to the safe and sane course 
of retrenchment, economy, and prudence, 
braving misunderstanding and even abuse 
in order to serve. He was deeply inter- 
ested in the city library, and president of 
the corporation at his death. Entrusted 
with the raising of the last $25,000 of the 
$100,000 which the building has cost, he 
raised the amount in one year, and him- 
self gave liberally to the library fund. 
Wesleyan University received largely of 
his generous aid, as did numerous insti- 
tutions and projects which were the re- 
cipients of quiet contributions about 
which little or nothing was said. 

Deeply religious in his feelings, but 
broad and liberal in his attitude toward 
those who differed from him, he was for 
years a member of Judge Chapman's 
Bible class in South Church, and when 
the judge left the city Mr. Harris became 
the teacher. Long will many of the older 
people, still living, who were at different 
times members of the class, remember the 
clear, forcible, and inspiring teaching and 
the wholesome fellowship which they 
there enjoyed. In 1874 he made a second 
trip to Europe, during which time he as- 
sisted in making a sale of the right to use 
the vacuum brake upon English roads. 
Again in 1877 he went abroad, partly on 
business and partly to get rest, sailing 
from New York and remaining during the 
summer. While in Russia, Mr. Harris pur- 
chased a number of articles of scientific 
interest which became the nucleus of a 
collection which is now in the Springfield 
Museum. With all his successes and his 

participation in large affairs, the true 
Puritan spirit was largely manifested in 
the life of Mr. Harris, and he left an in- 
spiring example of rectitude and simplicity 
of spirit, maintained even in great pros- 
perity, as well as an influence that will 
long continue to bless those he has left 
behind him. 

Mr. Harris married, in Albany, New 
York, May 25, 1843, Harriet Octavia Cor- 
son, born in Canastota, New York, Janu- 
ary 18, 1824, died in Springfield, Massa- 
chusetts, July 10, 1904, and they were the 
parents of eleven children, among whom 
Henrietta Clark was the tenth. 

(IX) Henrietta Clark Harris, daughter 
of Daniel Lester and Harriet O. (Corson) 
Harris, was born in Springfield, Massa- 
chusetts, June 20, 1861. She was gradu- 
ated from Smith College in 1883. She 
was married in Springfield, Massachu- 
setts, October 10, 1883, to William Allen 
Harris (q. v.). 

CHANDLER, Louis Josiah 

One of the well known business men 
of Springfield is Louis Josiah Chandler, 
treasurer of the Chandler Company, 
whose plant is located in the city of 
Springfield. He comes of an early New 
England family, the progenitor in this 
country being William Chandler, from 
whom descent in this branch is traced as 
follows : 

(I) William Chandler, who was a small 
landed proprietor in Roxbury, Massachu- 
setts, settled there with his wife in 1637 
and took the freeman's oath in 1640. In 
this town he spent his life and died No- 
vember 26, 1641, and there he was buried. 
Records of the Eliot Church mention him 
as "a Christian, Godly brother." The 
death of his wife, Annis, occurred March 
15, 1683. They were the parents of five 
children: Hannah; Thomas; William; 
John, of further mention ; and Sarah ; the 



birth of the youngest child being the only 
one recorded. 

(II) Deacon John Chandler, youngest 
son of William and Annis Chandler, was 
a man of prominence in his community, 
serving as one of the committee to build 
a meeting house, appointed September 
28, 1691. He was also appointed first 
selectman in 1693, and moderator of the 
town meeting, November 26, 1694. Dea- 
con Chandler died April 15, 1703, and his 
wife died in New London, Connecticut, 
July 23, 1705. He married Elizabeth 
Douglas, daughter of William and Anna 
Douglas, and they were the parents of 
the following children : John ; Elizabeth ; 
Joseph, died young; Hannah; Mehitable ; 
Sarah ; and Joseph, of further mention. 

(III) Joseph Chandler, son of Deacon 
John and Elizabeth (Douglas) Chandler, 
was born June 4, 1683, and died in Pom- 
fret. Connecticut, January 5, 1749. He 
was also active in community affairs, and 
was chosen to serve as selectman, Decem- 
ber 3, 1716. He married, June 29, 1708, 
Susannah Perrin, who died January 22, 
1755, daughter of John and Mary Perrin. 
They were the parents of the following 
children: Joseph, died young; Joseph; 
David; Susannah; Peter; Dorothy; Hep- 
zibah ; Stephen ; Josiah, of further men- 
tion ; Eunice; Daniel; and Peter. 

(,IV) Josiah Chandler, son of Joseph 
and Susannah (Perrin) Chandler, was 
born October 2, 1724, and died December 
12, 1798. His remains were interred 
south of Rochester Village. He married 
(first) November 5, 1747, Freelove Car- 
penter, who died September 5, 1758. He 
married (second), November 18, 1762, 
Lydia Richardson, who died May 2, 
1776. The following children were born 
to Josiah Chandler: Nathan, died young; 
Hannah ; Stephen ; Nathan ; Chloe ; Lydia ; 
Mary ; Josiah Colton, of further mention ; 
and Submit. 

(V) Deacon Josiah Colton Chandler, 
son of Josiah and Lydia (Richardson) 
Chandler, was born May 22, 1774, and 
died March 12, 1849. He learned the 
trade of carpenter, which line of work 
he followed until ten years prior to his 
death, when he removed to Enfield, 
Massachusetts, where he worked a 
farm during the summer months, and 
during the winter months worked as a 
cabinetmaker and also manufactured 
plows. He married (first), November 24, 
1799, Olive Fay, who died November 17, 
1837. He married (second), June 2, 
1840, Abigail Manley. Children, all by 
first marriage : John ; two died in infancy ; 
Philander, died young; Philander; Eliza- 
beth Lindsay ; Samuel Newell ; William 
Fay ; Hannah Maria ; Josiah Henry, of 
further mention ; Rebecca Ann ; and Pliny 

(VI) Josiah Henry Chandler, son of 
Deacon Josiah Colton and Olive (Fay) 
Chandler, was born May 26, 1822, and 
died in 1900. He served an apprentice- 
ship at the trade of carriage builder, fol- 
lowing that line of work in Belchertown, 
Massachusetts. He took an active inter- 
est in the affairs of that town, and served 
as chairman of the Board of Selectmen 
during the period of the Civil War, 
About the year 1867 he changed his place 
of residence to Springfield, Massachu- 
setts, and was there engaged in cabinet 
making for many years, achieving a large 
degree of success. He married (first) 

Hopkins ; (second) Lucy Amanda 

Rider, who died in 1898, daughter of 
Joseph Rider. They were the parents of 
three children : one who died at the age 
of three years ; a daughter who died in 
infancy ; and Louis Josiah, of whom 

(VII) Louis Josiah Chandler, son of 
Josiah Henry and Lucy Amanda (Rider) 
Chandler, was born in Belchertown, Mas- 



sachusetts, November 19, 1864. He was 
only a child when his parents removed to 
Springfield, and his education was ob- 
tained in the public schools of that city. 
He learned the trade of engraving and 
steel letter cutting, becoming thoroughly 
expert therein, and in 1893 engaged in 
business on his own account, in the mak- 
ing of name plates and stamping metal 
goods. The business was established on 
a small scale, but expanded rapidly, at- 
taining large proportions, outgrowing 
their business quarters, spacious as they 
were, and in 1913 Mr. Chandler erected 
a more commodious plant, with better 
facilities for the handling of the ever in- 
creasing volume of business. Under a 
Voluntary Trust Association, The Chan- 
dler Company was formed, of which Mr. 
Chandler acts as treasurer, the company 
giving constant employment at certain 
seasons to about fifty people. Their 
product finds a ready market throughout 
the length and breadth of this country 
and is also sent as far as Australia. His 
business career has ever been character- 
ized by the qualities that make for suc- 
cess, diligence, integrity, good judgment 
and keen perception, and the result of 
his labor is the company of which he is a 
member. Mr. Chandler was president of 
the National Metal Trade Association 
until April, 1921, when he resigned. He 
is a member and director of the Rotary 
Club ; a member of Roswell Lee Lodge, 
Free and Accepted Masons, and of all the 
Masonic bodies, including all the bodies 
of the Scottish Rite, in which he has at- 
tained the thirty-second degree ; and 
Melha Temple, Ancient Arabic Order 
Nobles of the Mystic Shrine; and he is a 
member of the Masonic Club. He is also 
a member of Hampden Commandery, No. 
266, Knights of Malta ; Hampden Lodge, 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows ; 

Royal Arcanum ; Country Club ; and Bos- 
ton City Club. 

Mr. Chandler married, December 25, 
1888, Mabel F. Hamilton, daughter of 
Henry C. and Mary Jane (Fuller) 

Henry C. Hamilton was born in the 
town of Pelham, April 9, 1834, and is of 
Scotch descent. One of his ancestors was 
Dr. John Hamilton, pastor of the Barony 
Church, Glasgow, Scotland. His grand- 
father and father were both of the same 
name, Joseph Hamilton ; the latter was 
a native of Pelham, a farmer by oc- 
cupation, held various local offices, and 
was a man highly respected. Joseph (2) 
Hamilton married Sylvia Cowan, daugh- 
ter of James and Mollie Cowan. Joseph 
Hamilton died in 1864, and his widow 
passed away in 1889. Henry C. Hamil- 
ton attended the schools of Pelham, 
and in 1854 secured employment with 
the old Western railroad, first as brake- 
man, and then as conductor, and for seven 
years ran regularly between Spring- 
field and Pittsfield. He was then ap- 
pointed to the post of agent for lost bag- 
gage and freight, and also acted as a spare 
conductor. In the latter capacity he 
transported thousands of brave soldiers 
between the years 1861 and 1865, and, as 
cars were few, the trips were many. In 
1866 he received the appointment as 
freight agent, while the old depot was in 
use, and at the time of his retirement was 
one of the oldest employees in that de- 
partment of the service, his term of em- 
ployment dating back to the time when 
the switching of cars in the yard was all 
done with horses. He had under him in 
the Springfield ofifice about one hundred 
subordinates, that office being the succes- 
sor of the old Western railroad, and rank- 
ing fourth in the amount of goods han- 
dled by the Boston & Albany railroad. 



Mr. Hamilton is a Democrat in politics, 
and a member of Hampden Lodge, Free 
and Accepted Masons ; Morning Star 
Chapter, Royal Arch Masons; Spring- 
field Council, Royal and Select Masters ; 
Springfield Commandery, Knights Tem- 
plar ; and of the Masonic Club ; and has 
taken the Perfection degrees in the Scot- 
tish Rite bodies. 

Henry C. Hamilton married, in 1865, 
Mary Jane Fuller, daughter of Orin Ful- 
ler, of Chicopee Falls. One child was 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Hamilton, Mabel F., 
the wife of Louis J. Chandler, already 
mentioned. Mr. Hamilton and his wife 
attend the Hope Congregational Church. 

FLETCHER, Leroy Percy 

Since 1913 Leroy Percy Fletcher has 
been the sole owner and managing head 
of the old and well-known W. A. Newton 
Company, which name is still retained by 
the present management, one of the suc- 
cessful enterprises of Springfield. He is 
a man of good judgment, integrity, per- 
severance and tact, characteristics which 
make for good citizens and which insure 
success in whatever line of work is 

Fletcher is an ancient Spanish surname, 
meaning an arrow maker. The origin of 
the family has been traced to Bergundy. 
De La Flechiere was the original form of 
the Fletcher surname, and the ancient 
coat-of-arms of the family is as follows : 
Sable, a cross flory between four scallop 
shells argent. The founder of the family 
in England came with two other nobles 
from Chillon, now in Switzerland, with 
the Earl of Richmond, in the latter part of 
the thirteenth century. 

Robert Fletcher, the founder of the fam- 
ily in Massachusetts, was born in Eng- 
land in 1592, coming, according to fam- 
ily tradition, from a Yorkshire family. 
He settled in Concord, Massachusetts, in 

1630, becoming wealthy and influential. 
He was appointed constable of the town 
of Concord, serving for many years. He 
died in Concord, April 3, 1677. His son, 
Ensign William Fletcher, was a farmer, 
his land embracing what is now the city 
of Lowell, a part of which is still owned 
by his descendants. 

Artemas Fletcher, a descendant of Rob- 
ert Fletcher, the founder, was born in the 
State of Massachusetts about the year 
1775, residing for a time in North Adams, 
finally settling in the State of Vermont. 
His wife bore him five children, as fol- 
lows: John ; Antipas, of further mention; 
Giles ; Mary, who became the wife of 
Belcher Carpenter ; another daughter, 
name unknown. 

Antipas Fletcher, second son of Arte- 
mas Fletcher, was born in North Adams, 
Massachusetts, about 1807, and died in 
Waterville, Vermont, in 1889. He was a 
farmer throughout the active years of his 
life, progressive and prosperous, his la- 
bors being repaid by plentiful harvests. 
He married (first) Arabella Hemingway, 
who bore him a son, William Heming- 
way, of further mention. He married 
(second) Mrs. Hodkens, a widow. He 
married (third) Mrs. Margaret Ober, a 

William Hemingway Fletcher, only son 
of Antipas and Arabella (Hemingway) 
Fletcher, was born in Waterville, Ver- 
mont, July 8, 1834, and died in Spring- 
field, Massachusetts, December 9, 1902. 
He attended the district schools of Water- 
ville. and remained at the home farm un- 
til he was nineteen years of age, when he 
changed his place of residence to Fitch- 
burg, Massachusetts, where he learned 
the trade of tinsmith, and later traveled 
through the country selling tin ware. 
About the time of the outbreak of hos- 
tilities between the North and South, Mr. 
Fletcher returned to his native State, Ver- 



mont, and enlisted as a private in the 
Second Regiment, Vermont Volunteer In- 
fantry, his work being that of teamster. 
He served for three years, 1861-64, in 
charge of an ambulance train with the 
Army of the Potomac, receiving an hon- 
orable discharge at the expiration of his 
term. After his return from the Army 
Mr. Fletcher engaged in farming with 
his father on the home farm, continuing 
for a short time, then returned to his 
trade as a tinsmith. He also engaged in 
diflferent occupations in various parts of 
the country, extending from Canada to 
Florida, and during these years of activ- 
ity resided in North Hyde Park, Vermont. 
From there he removed to Springfield, 
Massachusetts, where for a year and a 
half he was proprietor of a hotel, and for 
the following six years operated a farm 
in Agawam, Massachusetts, returning 
from thence to Springfield, where he spent 
the remainder of his days and where his 
death occurred. He was a member of the 
Masonic order in Cambridge, Vermont, a 
member of the Grand Army of the Repub- 
lic, a man of energy and character, well 
liked and respected. 

Mr. Fletcher married, November 12, 
1865, Abbie M. Griswold, of Johnson, 
Vermont, daughter of Barney and Patty 
(Hanford) Griswold. They were the par- 
ents of four children: i. William, of 
Springfield, Massachusetts ; married Alice 
Stewart, and has two children, Ina and 
William. 2. Varnus, died aged three 
years. 3. Belle P., became the wife of the 
Rev. John Mason, a minister of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal church, and they are the 
parents of six children : Robert Fletcher, 
John Philip, Amy Lois, Wilmer, Estelle 
and Edith. 4. Leroy Percy, of further 

Leroy Percy Fletcher, youngest son of 
William Hemingway and Abbie M. 
(Griswold) Fletcher, was born in North 

Hyde Park, Vermont, June i, 1876. He at- 
tended public schools of North Hyde Park 
and Burlington, Vermont, and Lancas- 
ter and Clinton, Massachusetts, complet- 
ing his education in Childs Business Col- 
lege, in Springfield, Massachusetts. For 
a time he was engaged with his brother, 
William Fletcher, in the milk business, 
and also with the Cooperation Milk Asso- 
ciation of Springfield. His next employ- 
ment was with the Springfield Lumber 
Company, then with the C. P. Chase 
Lumber Company as a tally man, and 
eventually he entered the employ of Stur- 
devant & Newton, engaged in construc- 
tion work. In 1897 this firm became the 
W. A. Newton Company, Mr. Fletcher 
continuing with the company until 1913, 
when, upon the retirement of Mr. New- 
ton, he became sole owner of the business, 
continuing it very successfully at the 
present time (1920) and retaining the old 
name. The business was originally con- 
struction of all kinds, but at the present 
time they specialize in stair building and 
interior finish of high grade. His mill 
and shops are finely equipped with mod- 
ern machinery, and a number of expert 
workmen are employed all the year. 

Mr. Fletcher married, June 25, 1896, 
Edith B. Crouss, born in Pittsfield, Mas- 
sachusetts, daughter of George and Au- 
gusta (Bird) Crouss. Mr. and Mrs. 
Fletcher are the parents of twins, Leroy 
Percy, Jr. and Lucille P., born Septem- 
ber 16, 1902. 

DORR, Percy Orrin 

Well known in business circles of the 
city, Percy O. Dorr, manager of the 
Springfield office of Harris, Forbes & 
Company, Inc., dealers exclusively in in- 
vestment bonds, also is a member of the 
board of directors of that company, and 
was in 1921 vice-president of the Spring- 
field Chamber of Commerce, of Spring- 



field. He traces his lineage to Richard 
Dorr, who settled in Portsmouth, New 
Hampshire, as early as 1675. The name 
Dorr, sometimes written Door or Dore, 
is an unusual one in this country, and the 
family first appears in Portsmouth, New 
Hampshire, from which place some of 
the descendants removed to neighboring 
towns. The original branch, however, 
seems to have migrated to Lebanon, 

(I) Richard Dorr, first American an- 
cestor, was living in Portsmouth, New 
Hampshire, as early as 1675, and his will 
was proven March 17, 1716. He and his 
wife Tamsen were the parents of children, 
among whom was Philip. The line of 
descent as given in the Wentworth gen- 
ealogy, is as follows : 

(II) Philip Dorr, son of Richard and 

Tamsen Dorr, married Sarah , and 

they had five children, among whom was 

(III) John Dorr, son of Philip and 
Sarah Dorr, was born July 5, 1730. He 
married Charity Wentworth, daughter of 
Joseph and Sarah (Allen) Wentworth, 
and they had thirteen children, among 
whom was Benaiah. 

(IV) Benaiah Dorr, son of John and 
Charity (Wentworth) Dorr, married 
(first) Experience Andrews; (second) 
Mary (Pray) Allen. He lived in Leb- 
anon, Maine, and in Ossipee, New Hamp- 
shire, and among his children was 

(V) Benjamin Dorr, son of Benaiah 
and Experience (Andrews) Dorr, was 
born March 22, 1787. He married (first) 
Mary Brackett. She died in 1818, and he 
married (second), in 1819, her cousin, 
Deborah Brackett. He was the father of 
children, among whom was Ezekiel. 

(VI) Ezekiel Dorr, son of Benjamin and 
Mary (Brackett) Dorr, died in 1848. He 
had sons, Orrin Quimby, who served in 

the Civil War; and Charles M., see next 

(VII) Charles Melville Dorr, son of 
Ezekiel Dorr, was born in Great Falls, 
now Somersworth, New Hampshire, May 
30, 1845, ^"^ di^d January i, 1900. He 
received his preparatory education in the 
local schools and then entered West Leb- 
anon Academy, from which he was grad- 
uated. As a boy, he was employed as a 
clerk, first in a drug store and later in a 
dry goods store. In the latter he found 
his opportunity, and by energy, ability, 
and thrift worked his way upward until he 
finally became the owner of the business, 
which he successfully conducted for 
thirty years. An able and enterprising 
business man, he was interested in and 
maintained other connections of import- 
ance. He was cashier of the Somers- 
worth National Bank in Somersworth, 
New Hampshire, at the time of his death. 
For five years, four of which were the 
years of President Harrison's term of ad- 
ministration, he efficiently filled the office 
of bank examiner of the State of New 
Hampshire. Politically, he was a Repub- 
lican, and prominent in the councils of 
his party. Always ready to give of his 
time, ability, and means for the further- 
ance of the public good, he met the re- 
sponsibilities of public office faithfully 
and conscientiously. He was moderator 
in the town meetings, and was chosen by 
his fellow-townsmen to represent his dis- 
trict in the State Legislature. 

Greatly respected and highly esteemed 
by his associates, he was known as a suc- 
cessful business man, a public-spirited 
citizen, and a loyal friend and neighbor. 
Fraternally, he was a member of Libanus 
Lodge, No. 49, Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons, of Somersworth ; and also a member 
of Dover Commandery, Knights Tem- 
plar; and a member and past high priest 
of Somersworth Chapter, Royal Arch Ma- 



sons, of Somersworth, New Hampshire. 
He was a faithful member of the Free 
Will Baptist Church, of Somersworth, 
New Hampshire. 

Charles M. Dorr married. May 30, 1868, 
Eunice A. Hayes, daughter of Elihu and 
Martha (Herson) Hayes, and their chil- 
dren were: i. Frank Hayes Dorr, born 
June 5, 1869, died January 8, 1897. He 
graduated from the Massachusetts Insti- 
tute of Technology in 1891, and was an 
electrical engineer of considerable ability, 
one of the many structures erected by 
him being the beautiful group of elec- 
trical fountains, which charmed the eyes 
of every beholder, at the World's Fair 
held at Chicago in 1893. 2. Linda Maud 
Dorr, born October 15, 1872, died August 
10, 1876. 3. Percy O., of further mention. 
4. Charles Edgar, born October 12, 1880, 
died February 8, 1881. 

(VIII) Percy Orrin Dorr, son of 
Charles M. and Eunice A. (Hayes) Dorr, 
was born in Somersworth, New Hamp- 
shire, December 15, 1878. He received 
his preparatory education in the public 
schools of his native city, and graduated 
from the high school in 1898. He then 
entered Dartmouth College, from which 
he graduated in 1902, with the degree 
Bachelor of Arts. The following year he 
attended the Amos Tuck School, where 
he took a post-graduate course in admin- 
istration and finance, receiving the de- 
gree Master of Commercial Science in 
1903. After receiving his Master's de- 
gree, he entered the employ of N. W. 
Harris & Company, which later became 
Harris, Forbes and Company, Inc., deal- 
ers exclusively in investment bonds, 
where he began as office boy in the mail- 
ing department. He steadily worked his 
way upward, step by step, mastering each 
department of the work as he advanced. 
In 1906 he took charge of Western Mas- 
sachusetts, and until 1909 represented the 

company from the Boston office. In 1909 
he was married and located in Spring- 
field, continuing to fill the last named 
position until 1913, at which time because 
of the satisfactory work he had done, he 
was given an interest in the firm and 
opened a branch office there. On Janu- 
ary 7, 1921, he was made a director of 
the company as well as manager of the 
Springfield office, and at the present time 
(1922) he has charge of Worcester county 
and all of Western Massachusetts. 

Mr. Dorr was vice-president of the 
Springfield Chamber of Commerce in 
1921, and is still a member of the board 
of directors of that organization ; a mem- 
ber and a director of the Rotary Club, of 
which he was president in 1920; a mem- 
ber and treasurer of the Nayasset Club ; 
and one of the directors of the Boys' Club. 
During his senior year in college, he was 
elected president of the Class of 1902, and 
to that office he has continued to be re- 
elected up to the present time (1922). He 
also holds membership in the Colony 
Club, Country Club, and in the Publicity 
Club, of Springfield ; and in Libanus 
Lodge, No. 49, Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons, of Somersworth, New Hampshire. 
His church affiliation was formerly with 
the Free Will Baptist Church, of Som- 
ersworth, New Hampshire, but he and 
wife are now members of the South Con- 
gregational Church of Springfield. Dur- 
ing the World War, Mr, Dorr was vice- 
chairman of the Springfield Liberty Loan 
Committee, during the third, fourth, and 
fifth Liberty Loan campaigns. He is also 
a member of the board of trustees of the 
Doane Orphanage ; a member of the board 
of directors of the Visiting Nurse Asso- 
ciation ; and a member of the budget com- 
mittee of the Community Chest. While 
in college Mr. Dorr was elected a member 
of the Theta Delta Chi fraternity, and of 
the Dragon Senior Society, and still re- 



tains his membership in these organiza- 
tions. During the past year, 1921-22, he 
was on the board of lecturers on Invest- 
ments in the Amos Tuck School of Ad- 
ministration and Finance, of Dartmouth 

On September 27, 1909, Percy O. Dorr 
married, in Winchester, where she had 
resided for some time, Mabel Holman 
Lee, who was born in Nashua, New 
Hampshire, daughter of Charles E. and 
Mrs. Carrie E. Lee. Mrs. Dorr is a grad- 
uate of Smith College, class of 1909, and 
is a member of the Woman's Club, the 
Smith College Club, and of the Col- 
lege Club. She is interested in, and a 
member of a number of charitable 

Mr. and Mrs. Dorr are the parents of 
two children : Dorothy Lee, who was 
born September 15, 1912; and Elizabeth 
Hayes, who was born March 2, 1916. 

CANDLIN, Albert 

The efficient principal of the Chestnut 
Street School, Albert Candlin, is of Eng- 
lish ancestry. His grandfather, George 
Candlin, was born in England, and came 
to America late in life that he might 
spend his declining years with his son, 
his wife having died in England. The 
children of George Candlin were : Joseph, 
of whom further ; Mary Ann, deceased ; 
and Betsy, who married William Shidd, 
and removed to the Canadian Northwest. 

Joseph Candlin, son of George Candlin, 
was born in Derbyshire, England, in 
1838, and died in Massachusetts, in 1919. 
He received an academic education in 
London University, and when a young 
man acted as head gardener for the Duke 
of Devonshire. While serving in that 
capacity he became interested in the Wes- 
leyan Methodist movement and became a 
local preacher. He worked as a city 
missionary in London for a time, and in 
1868 came to America, locating first as a 

preacher at East Longmeadow, Massa- 
chusetts, where he remained for two 
years. He then preached in various places 
including South Hadley Falls, South- 
ampton, Williamsburg, and Newbury- 
port, Massachusetts. Still later he 
preached in and around Boston, and fin- 
ally bought a piece of land in Saugus, 
built a house, and there lived retired for 
some five or six years prior to his death. 
He married (first) Annie Turner, who 
died in 1875; (second) Ruth Searle ; and 
(third) Alice L. Pike. To the first mar- 
riage were born eight children: Eliza- 
beth ; Albert, of whom further ; Annie, 
Rose, Oliver, Frank, Frederick, and Mil- 
dred. To the second marriage two chil- 
dren were born, both of whom died in 

Albert Candlin, son of Joseph and 
Annie (Turner) Candlin, was born in 
Norfolk, Thetford, England, October 2, 
1865, and came to America with his par- 
ents when he was three years of age. He 
attended school in East Longmeadow, 
taught for a time in Sunderland, Massa- 
chusetts, and in Pittsfield, New Hamp- 
shire, and then on account of ill health 
was obliged to give up study and educa- 
tional work. After a period of out-door 
work, however, he resumed his studies, 
and entered Boston University, from 
which he graduated in 1891. After com- 
pleting his college course he attended 
Bridgewater Normal School, and took up 
teaching again. He went to Southington. 
Connecticut, where, after filling the posi- 
tion of principal of the grammar school 
for two years, he was made superintend- 
ent of all the schools, being the first su- 
perintendent of schools appointed in that 
district. Two years later he went to 
Quincy, Massachusetts, where he was 
principal of the Willard School for four 
years, after which he served as school 
principal in Waltham, Massachusetts, for 
five years. In 1905 he came to Spring- 




field, Massachusetts, as principal of the 
Chestnut Street School, a small school at 
that time, but one which has grown by- 
successive additions until it has become 
the largest in the city, with a seating 
capacity for 1,500 pupils. Successful in 
his profession and highly esteemed by 
pupils and professional associates, Mr. 
Candlin has given years of valuable ser- 
vice to the upbuilding of the nation's 
greatest wealth, its future citizens. He is 
a member of Friendship Lodge, Free and 
Accepted Masons, of Southington, Con- 
necticut ; and also of the Royal Arch 
Chapter and the Royal and Select Mas- 
ters, all of Southington, Connecticut. He 
is also affiliated with various college fra- 
ternities and educational clubs, and is a 
member of the Massachusetts Schoolmas- 
ters' Club. His church membership is 
with the Wesleyan Methodist Church. 

On November 25, 1891, he married 
Alice Pollard, of Camden, Maine, daugh- 
ter of John Pollard, who came from 
Bradford, England. Mr. and Mrs. Cand- 
lin are the parents of four children: i. 
Anna, born in Southington, Connecticut, 
a graduate of Wellesley College ; married 
Edward R. Grosvenor, cashier and di- 
rector of the National Bank, at Win- 
chester, Massachusetts, and they are the 
parents of three children : Albert, David 
Edward, and Richard Pollard. 2. Ruth, 
born in Southington, Connecticut, a grad- 
uate of Wellesley College; was a teacher 
before her marriage in June, 1921, to Les- 
ter I. Pittsworth, with the Travellers' In- 
surance Company of Hartford. Connec- 
ticut. 3. Josephine, born in Waltham, 
Massachusetts. 4. Dorcas, born in Spring- 
field, Massachusetts. 

HOLBROOK, Fred Amasa 

As president and treasurer of the Hol- 
brook Lumber Company, Fred Amasa 
Holbrook comes of a very ancient and 
distinguished family of England, the coat- 

of-arms of which is as follows : A chev- 
ron between three martlets. Several other 
coats-of-arms were borne by various 
branches of the family at different times 
in England. Members of this distin- 
guished family came to the colonies at 
a very early date, Thomas Holbrook, the 
immigrant ancestor, having come from 
Weymouth, England, in 1628, when he 
was a young man of thirty-four years. 
He was accompanied by his wife, Jane, 
also thirty-four years of age, and four 
children, to which family group two more 
children were born after their arrival in 
the colonies. They settled in Weymouth, 
Massachusetts, where Thomas Holbrook 
became a man of prominence, taking part 
in all the activities of the little pioneer 
settlement. In 1640 he served on the 
committee appointed to lay out a road 
between Braintree and Dorchester ; was 
admitted a freeman in 1645 ! ^"^ served 
as selectman for several years. Among 
his three sons was John, of whom further. 

John Holbrook, known as Captain John, 
born in England, in 1617, died November 
23, 1699, was a man of independence, 
courage, enterprise, and wealth. He re- 
sided at what was known as Old Spain, 
Weymouth, Massachusetts, took the free- 
man's oath in 1640, and first served as 
selectman in 1648. He was deputy to the 
General Court for several years, and dealt 
largely in real estate, loaning large sums 
of money for those times. He was three 
times married, and among his children 
was Ichabod, of whom further. 

Ichabod Holbrook was born in Wey- 
mouth, May 20, 1662, and died December 
14, 1718. He inherited the homestead 
and married Sarah Turner. Among his 
children was David, of whom further. 

David Holbrook was born in Septem- 
ber, 1690, and from him was descended 
Isaac Holbrook, great-grandfather of Fred 
Amasa Holbrook. 

Isaac Holbrook was born in Vermont, 



and was engaged in farming during the 
greater part of his active life. He lived 
in the days when great numbers of those 
who had been living in the East followed 
the westward moving line to the frontier 
and migrated to the Ohio valley. Follow- 
ing the trail of these persistent pioneers 
he, too, went to the fertile regions of the 
then "West," settling in the newly ad- 
mitted State of Ohio, where he remained 
for some years. His health failed, how- 
ever, and he was forced to return to the 
East, where he died in 1816. His wife, a 
Saunders, died in Michigan in 1850. 
Among his children was Amasa, of whom 

Amasa Holbrook, son of Isaac Hol- 
brook, was born in Colerain, Massachu- 
setts, in 1812, and died September 17, 
1863. He was an able man and took an 
active part in all the afifairs of the town in 
which he resided. He married Lucretia 
demons, of Charlesmont, Massachusetts, 
born February 22, 1813, died February 14, 
1907, daughter of Joseph demons, born 
1776, died 1841, and Lydia demons. 
Their children were : Emily, Elizabeth, 
Alvira, Horace, of whom further, and 
George E. 

Horace Holbrook, son of Amasa and 
Lucretia (demons) Holbrook, was born 
in 1844. He received his early education 
in the schools of his district and then 
entered Arms Academy, in Shelburne 
Falls, where he continued his studies for 
two terms. His boyhood was passed 
during the troublous years when the dif- 
ferences between the "free soilers" and 
the pro-slavery forces were becoming 
acute and rapidly developing into the "in- 
evitable conflict." Before he was eight- 
een years of age Fort Sumter was fired 
upon and the storm broke. As soon as 
his eighteenth year was reached, the ear- 
liest that he could, he enlisted in Company 
E of the 52nd Massachusetts Regiment, 

with which he served for a year. The 
death of his father, in September, 1863, 
prevented his reenlistment. He then re- 
moved to Illinois, where he remained for 
several years. In 1868, however, he re- 
turned to Massachusetts, and established 
himself in Montague, engaging in the 
meat business there, and continued in this 
line until 1879, when he sold out and re- 
moved to Northampton, Massachusetts. 
Several years later he removed to South 
Deerfield, where he is now passing the 
years of his retirement upon a farm, 
greatly esteemed and loved by a wide 
circle of friends, business associates, and 
fellow-citizens. Politically Mr. Holbrook 
supports the Republican party, and, hav- 
ing served in the Civil War, he is a mem- 
ber of W. T. Baker Post, No. 81, Grand 
Army of the Republic. Fraternally he is 
affiliated with the Masonic order, being a 
member of Jerusalem Lodge ; Royal Arch 
Chapter; and the Council there. He 
married Maria Rachel Gloyd, of Plain- 
field, Massachusetts, who died January 5, 
1921, daughter of Benjamin and Rachel 
(Chamberlain) Gloyd, and their children 
were: Charles H., mentioned elsewhere 
in this work ; Louis G. ; Nelson D., men- 
tioned elsewhere in this work; and Fred 
Amasa, of further mention. 

Fred Amasa Holbrook, son of Horace 
and Maria Rachel (Gloyd) Holbrook, was 
born in Plainfield, Massachusetts, Octo- 
ber 15, 1879. He received a practical edu- 
cation in the schools of Northampton, 
Massachusetts, and then entered North- 
ampton Commercial College. School days 
over, he began his business career by en- 
tering the employment of the Fred S. 
Morse Lumber Company as traveling 
salesman, and in the lumber business he 
has continued to the present time. For 
fourteen years he continued to represent 
the Fred S. Morse Lumber Company, cov- 
ering a large territory and meeting with 



good success. The experience gained 
during these fourteen years made Mr. 
Holbrook something of an expert in his 
line, and in 1913 he organized the Hol- 
brook Lumber Company, of which he is 
president and treasurer. The business 
has been a very successful one, steadily 
increasing from year to year, and extend- 
ing its operations over a constantly en- 
larging area. Since 1898 he has made his 
home in Springfield, Massachusetts, 
where he is highly esteemed. He is a 
member of Hampden Lodge, Free and 
Accepted Masons, of Springfield ; of all 
the York Rite bodies; and has taken the 
Scottish Rite degrees to the thirty-second. 
He is also a member of Melha Temple, 
Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of the 
Mystic Shrine. He is a member of the 
Nayasset Club and of the Springfield 
Country Club. His religious affiliation is 
with the first Congregational Church. 

On June 6, 1902, Mr. Holbrook married 
Jean L. Shaw, born in Glasgow, Scotland, 
daughter of Hugh and Jean (Little) 

RYAN, Charles Vincent 

Among the representative business 
men of Springfield is Charles Vincent 
Ryan, pharmacist, whose entire life, to 
the present time, has been spent in the 
city of his birth. Conducting one of the 
most modern and scientifically equipped 
plants of its kind in the city, he has built 
up an immense business, the profits of 
which he has invested largely in real 
estate, opening up new sections, and 
building many homes which are valuable 
contributions to the growth and prosper- 
ity of the city. 

The Ryan family comes from a long 
line of landowners in County Tipperary, 
Ireland, and traces its ancestry from 
Brian Boru, who was born in the year 927, 
and was King of Ireland. He became 

king of both Munsters, corresponding to 
Tipperary and Clare, in 978, and some 
time afterward became supreme ruler of 
Ireland, supporting a rude but princely 
state of Kincora, with seats also at Tara 
and Cashel. He was a strong, vigorous 
ruler, who brought prosperity to his 
country, defeated the Danes in upward of 
twenty battles, and finally lost his life in 
a victorious battle fought at Clontarf 
(1014), in which he defeated a united 
army of revolted natives and Danes, in- 
flicting upon the latter a loss from which 
they never recovered. 

Philip Ryan, the grandfather of Charles 
Vincent Ryan, was a merchant in Dublin, 
Ireland, who conducted a prosperous 
business, married Mary, surname un- 
known, and reared three sons: Charles, 
who served in the Civil War, during 
which he was killed in battle ; Michael ; 
and Philip, of whom further. 

Philip Ryan, son of Philip and Mary 
Ryan, was born in Dublin, Ireland, in 
1835, and died in Springfield, Massachu- 
setts, July 26, 1884, aged forty-nine years. 
He attended the schools of Dublin and 
then entered Trinity College, where he 
continued his studies for a year. Being 
an earnest, active lad of large ability, he 
early recognized the difiiculties of the 
political situation in Ireland, and in 1854 
came to America, settling in South Man- 
chester, Connecticut, where he entered 
the employ of Cheney Brothers, the well- 
known silk manufacturers. At the out- 
break of the Civil War he enlisted in the 
Sixty-ninth Regiment, New York Volun- 
teers, under Colonel Cochrane, and served 
throughout the war. Here, as in other 
fields of endeavor, his ability and his in- 
tegrity soon won for him the confidence 
and esteem of both superiors and asso- 
ciates, and he was promoted to the rank 
of lieutenant. After the close of the war 
he came to Springfield, Massachusetts, 



and engaged in business for himself. He 
conducted an undertaking establishment 
and also sold steamship tickets for a time, 
and then opened a book store on State 
street, where for twenty years he sold 
books to the residents of Springfield. An 
earnest, energetic man, and possessed of 
an unusually fine mind, he made his busi- 
ness a source of pleasure and profit. He 
took an active interest in the affairs of 
Springfield, and filled several municipal 
oflfices, in 1873 serving as a member of 
the City Council. His steady adherence 
to sound principles of integrity and honor, 
his keen, alert mind, his genial friendli- 
ness, and his Celtic wit and resourceful- 
ness won him the love and esteem of a 
host of friends, and made for him a large 
place in the life of the community. He 
married Mary McGuire, who was born in 
County Cavan, Ireland, and died in 
Springfield, in 1886, and they were the 
parents of seven children, five of whom 
died early, the surviving two being: 
Joseph A., of New York City ; and 
Charles Vincent, of whom further. 

Charles Vincent Ryan, son of Philip 
and Mary (McGuire) Ryan, was born in 
Springfield, Massachusetts, August 16, 
1872, and received his education in the 
parochial and public schools of Spring- 
field, including the high school. Before 
and after school hours and during vaca- 
tions he was employed in a drug store, 
and after completing his studies in the 
public schools he attended the Massachu- 
setts College of Pharmacy, in Boston, 
taking a special course, and passing the 
State examinations when he was twenty 
years of age. He then became associated 
with the wholesale drug house of H. & J. 
Brewer, being in charge of the laboratory, 
a position which he held until April i, 
1895, when he went into the drug busi- 
ness for himself. He opened a pharmacy 
at No. 161 Main street, and here he built 

up a large and prosperous business. For 
eighteen years, until 1913, he remained at 
that location, when he removed to No. 194 
Main street, where he has one of the most 
modern and scientifically equipped drug 
stores in western Massachusetts. The 
profits of his successful business Mr. 
Ryan has invested largely in real estate, 
buying and selling developed properties, 
and also investing in undeveloped tracts 
which he has opened up and improved. 
He has built many homes for individual 
families and also many apartment houses. 
For three years Mr. Ryan was a director 
of the Chamber of Commerce. He is a 
member of the Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Elks, the Country Club, and a 
former member of the Nayasset Club. 

On September 14, 1898, Charles Vin- 
cent Ryan married Catherine Kelley, 
daughter of Michael and Julia Kelley. and 
they are the parents of four children: i. 
Charles Vincent, Jr., born July 22, 1899; 
is a graduate of Springfield High School 
and of Harvard College, and now (1921) 
is a student in Harvard Law School. 2. 
Katherine, born February 22, 1902 ; was a 
super-honor pupil in Springfield High 
School, graduated from Smith College, 
June, 1922, with special honor in history, 
and was given the degree of cum laiide. 

3. Philip, died at the age of seven years. 

4. Helen Louise, born February 26, 1915. 

NICHOLS, Arthur Merrick 

Whether the elements of success in 
life are innate attributes of the individual 
or whether they are quickened by a 
process of circumstantial development it 
is impossible to clearly determine. Yet 
the study of a successful life is none the 
less profitable by reason of the existence 
of this uncertainty, and in the majority of 
cases it is found that exceptional ability, 
supplemented by close application and 
earnest purpose, forms the real secret of 



the success which so many have envied. 
This is certainly true of Arthur Merrick 
Nichols, who since January i, 1918, has 
been head of the carpentering and con- 
tracting firm of the E. W. Shattuck Com- 
pany, of Springfield. 

Sturbridge, Massachusetts, was long 
the family seat of the branch of the 
Nichols family of which Arthur M. 
Nichols is a worthy representative, he 
being the first of his line to seek a home 
elsewhere, although he remained in his 
native State. Samuel Nichols, the first 
member of whom we have definite in- 
formation, was born in Sturbridge, Mas- 
sachusetts, about 1788, and died there, 
July 30, 1844. He married Sarah Walker, 
who was born in 1792, and died in 1862, 
and they were the parents of six children : 
Fannie, born in 1814, died in 1830; Eliza- 
beth ; Jane ; Merrick, of further mention ; 
Merrill ; and Samuel. 

Merrick Nichols, eldest son of Samuel 
and Sarah (Walker) Nichols, was born in 
Sturbridge, Massachusetts, in 1824, and 
died in Indian Orchard (Springfield) 
Massachusetts, in 1900. Throughout the 
active years of his life he followed the 
occupations of farming and shoemaking, 
achieving success as the result of labor 
well directed. His Indian Orchard resi- 
dence was built in 1890, ten years prior 
to his death. He married for his first wife 
Cornelia Nichols, who was born in 1827, 
and died in 1859. They were the parents 
of five children : Alfred, deceased ; Jennie, 
deceased, who married Edson Lowre ; 
Albert W., deceased (twin) ; Arthur Mer- 
rick (twin), of further mention; and 
Leroy. He married for his second wife 
Mary Stockwell. No children were born 
of this marriage. He married for his third 
wife Joan E. Merritt, and they were the 
parents of two children : Edith, who be- 
came the second wife of Edson Lowre, 
and Bertha, who became the wife of 
Arthur Keith. 

Mass H— 6 81 

Arthur Merrick Nichols, third child ot 
Merrick and Cornelia (Nichols) Nichols, 
was born in Sturbridge, Massachusetts, 
February 20, 1856. He attended the com- 
mon schools of his native town, and there 
resided until he attained his majority, 
when he removed to Brookfield, Massa- 
chusetts, where for four years he followed 
farming. He also served an apprentice- 
ship at the trade of carpenter, which he 
followed in that town until 1889, then re- 
moved to Springfield, Massachusetts, 
where he entered the employ of E. W. 
Shattuck, who was conducting a carpen- 
tering and contracting business under the 
name of E. W. Shattuck, and served in 
the capacity of foreman. The business 
was first located at No. 96 Taylor street, 
later at No. 12 Cass street, which latter 
property and also No. 275 Liberty street, 
was purchased by Mr. Nichols while in 
the employ of Mr. Shattuck. Mr. Nichols 
remained in the employ of Mr. Shattuck 
until January i, 1918, when he purchased 
the interest of Mr. Shattuck, and since 
then has been sole proprietor, conducting 
the business under the name of E. W. 
Shattuck Company. Mr. Nichols employs 
a large force of men. In addition to the 
above mentioned business, Mr. Nichols is 
interested in a small storage business. He 
is a Republican in politics, but aside from 
casting his vote does not take any part 
in public affairs. He is an active mem- 
ber of the Asbury Methodist Episcopal 
Church, having served as class leader for 
thirty-two years, and as a member of its 
board of trustees for twenty-five years. 
He has also served as a member and 
chairman of the property committee, and 
while serving on the latter committee had 
charge of alterations and improvements 
in the church edifice, the cost of which 
amounted to nearly $30,000. 

Mr. Nichols married Jennie E. Bush- 
nell, of Lisbon, Connecticut, daughter of 
Lyndes and Charlotte (Prentice) Bush- 


nell. Mrs. Nichols died January 4, 1919. 
They were the parents of four children, 
namely: i. Erastus, who died in child- 
hood. 2. Cornelia Prentice, who became 
the wife of Henry Gamelin, of Spring- 
field. 3. Everett Bushnell, who married 
Mary Williams, and resides at Indian 
Orchard. 4. Wesley Edson, was born in 
Springfield, April 14, 1890, and was edu- 
cated in the public schools and in the 
Technical High School of Springfield. 
His first employment was in the office of 
the Cone Welding Company, where he 
remained for a short time, and he was 
then in the office of the Springfield Rub- 
ber Company for about a year. In 191 1 
he became an employee of the E. W. 
Shattuck Company, and in 1918, when his 
father purchased the business, he was 
given general charge of the office. He is 
a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, and a Republican in politics. He 
married, July 7, 1912, Sarah L. Johnson, 
of Worcester, Massachusetts, daughter of 

Lauris and (Scott) Johnson, and 

they are the parents of four children : 
Evelyn Lois, born September 20, 1914 ; 
Corinne Alice, born December 20, 1915 ; 
Ruth Jeannette, born October 17, 1918; 
and Jane Elizabeth, born June 2, 1920. 

STILWELL, William Batchelor 

About 1638 three brothers, John, 
Nicholas, and Jasper Cooke, under the as- 
sumed name of Stilwell, escaped from per- 
secution in England and found refuge in 
Holland and afterward in America, set- 
tling in or near New Haven, Connecticut. 
Separating in that city, these brothers 
followed the bent of their own desires. 
John and Nicholas Stilwell, true to the 
associations of their period of residence 
in Holland, sought the Dutch on Man- 
hattan Island, while Jasper Stilwell, hav- 
ing been educated for the church, joined 
the Rev. Henry Whitfield in Guilford, 

Connecticut. From these ancestors, are 
descended the greater number of the fami- 
lies of that name in New York State and 
elsewhere in this country. 

William E. Stilwell, grandfather of 
William B. Stilwell, of this review, was 
born in Roots, New York, and there spent 
his entire life time, an honored and re- 
spected citizen. After completing his 
studies in the common schools of the 
neighborhood, he turned his attention to 
the occupations of farming, carpentering, 
and contracting. He was awarded the 
contract for building the bridge across the 
Mohawk river at Fulton, New York, 
which was carried away by high water 
before it was accepted, and as he had put 
all his money into the project, he lost all 
the property which he had accumulated 
during his years of labor. He married 
(first) Ann Vandeveer, and (second) 
Elizabeth Batchelor, and was the father 
of four children, namely: William B., of 
further mention ; Ann ; Caroline ; and 

William Batchelor Stilwell, father of 
William B. Stilwell, was born in Roots, 
New York, November 28, 1818, and died 
in April, 185 1, at the age of thirty-two 
years. He attended the schools in the 
vicinity of his home, acquiring a practical 
education, and in early manhood removed 
to Albany, New York, where he engaged 
in business, conducting a general store 
up to the time of his death. He was a 
man of honor and integrity, and was 
highly esteemed by all with whom he was 
brought in contact, either in business or 
social life. Mr. Stilwell married, Decem- 
ber I, 1846, Sarah M. Hodge, of Ames, 
New York, daughter of Isaac and Melissa 
(Hill) Hodge, well known residents of 
that section of the State. Two children 
were born to Mr. and Mrs. Stilwell, as 
follows: I. Henry S., born January 7, 
1849, died June 14, 1921 ; married (first) 


^^ /tL-,^^ 


Lillie Patten, and (second) Caroline Hook, 
who bore him two children, William B. 
and Marion Sarah, twins. 2. William 
Batchelor, of whom further. 

William Batchelor Stilwell was born 
in Ames, Montgomery county, New 
York, December 19, 1850, four months 
prior to the death of his father. He was 
a student in the schools of Ames and 
Gloversville, New York, and by taking 
advantage of his opportunities, became a 
well educated man. His first employ- 
ment was as clerk in the shoe store of Mr. 
Wooster, in Gloversville, where he re- 
mained for a few years, after which he 
followed farming as an occupation, con- 
ducting his operations on the old home- 
stead of his grandfather in Ames, New 
York. Eventually, he became connected 
with the firm of Peck & Snyder, manu- 
facturers of and dealers in sporting 
goods, whose place of business was, and 
is still, located on Nassau street, New 
York City. They later consolidated with 
the Spalding Brothers and the name was 
changed to the A. G. Spalding Bi others 
Company. Their extensive manufactur- 
ing plant is in Chicopee, Massachusetts, 
and Mr. Stilwell has been closely associ- 
ated with this concern for forty-two years. 
He began in the capacity of clerk in the 
New York store, selling goods and taking 
charge of the bicycle repair shop which 
at that time did a very large business, and 
he continued in this position for some 
twenty years. Finally, he was trans- 
ferred to the manufacturing plant in Chic- 
opee, Massachusetts, where, since 1902, 
he has been superintendent of construc- 
tion. The duties of his office compel him 
to travel extensively, covering the entire 
territory from New York City to Okla- 
homa, and all through the Southern 
States, his chief work being the erection 
of gymnasiums. He has resided at dif- 
ferent periods, in Brooklyn, New York, 

and Chicago, Illinois, but in 1914 he lo- 
cated permanently in Springfield, Massa- 
chusetts, and in the following year 
erected a beautiful residence on Atwater 
road, equipped with everything needful 
for the comfort and convenience of his 
family, and surrounded by two acres of 
land which is laid out in an artistic 
manner. He holds membership in Acan- 
thus Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, 
of Brookline, and is also a member of the 
Royal Arcanum. 

Mr. Stilwell married, August 31, 1909, 
Minnie Benedict, of New York City, who 
was born in Branch county, Michignn, 
daughter of John F., who was in the con- 
fectionery business in Michigan, and 
Eunice A. (Gardner) Benedict. 

WEBSTER, Harry Gilmore 

The progenitor of the oldest and prob- 
ably the most numerous family in 
America bearing the name of Webster 
was John Webster, of Warwickshire, 
England, who came to the Massachusetts 
Bay Colony in 1630-33. He removed 
from Newtowne, now Cambridge, Massa- 
chusetts, to the present site of Hartford, 
Connecticut, in 1636, presumably with the 
Rev. Thomas Hooker and his historic 
party. Hartford, Connecticut, was then 
known by its Indian name, Suckiaug, 
meaning "black earth," possibly so named 
from the dark, rich soil of its fertile 
meadows and cultivated fields, portions of 
the country even then being under the 
rough tillage of the savages. John Web- 
ster located on the south side of Little 
river, a small stream flowing into the 
Connecticut from the west. That he was 
a man of standing and influence in the 
Hartford colony is evident. For twenty 
years he was a magistrate, was elected to 
the General Court in 1637 and in 1638, 
and in 1656 was elected governor. The 
duties of the governor at this time 



were very important. He presided over 
the General Assembly ; he put all the 
motions ; and in case the vote was equal 
he cast the deciding vote. He also held 
court in various places. For these and 
many other services there was no com- 
pensation until 1647, from which time on 
he received the sum of thirty pounds a 
year. He also took an active part in 
religious affairs and was a member of the 
First Church of Hartford, founded by the 
Rev. Thomas Hooker. He died April 5, 
1661, known as "the Puritan and Pilgrim 
of two hemispheres," the public-spirited 
citizen and servant, and sleeps with the 
pioneers who, with him, blazed the path 
of empire in the New World. A tomb- 
stone dedicated to his memory stands in 
Hadley, Massachusetts, erected by Noah 
Webster, lexicographer. 

(II) Robert Webster, son of John 
Webster, was born in 1627, settled in Mid- 
dletown, and in September, 1651, was 
chosen recorder. He was in the General 
Court from September, 1653, to May, 
1655, and again in 1656-57-58. In 1658 
he removed to Hartford, and died May 31, 
1676. He married, in 1652, Susannah 
Treat, daughter of Richard Treat, Esq. 
She died in 1705, the mother of Jonathan, 
Samuel, Robert, Joseph, Warren, Sarah, 
Mary, and Elizabeth. 

(III) Deacon Jonathan Webster, son 
of Robert and Susannah (Treat) Webster, 
was born January 9, 1656, in Middletown, 
Connecticut, and was for many years a 
merchant of Hartford, Connecticut. He 
married (first), May 11, 1681, Dorcas 
Hopkins, and their children were: Jona- 
than, Samuel, Susannah, Mary, Mehitable, 
and Stephen ; he married (second) Mary 
Judd, and they had one child, Benjamin. 

(IV) Jonathan Webster, son of Deacon 
Jonathan and Dorcas (Hopkins) Web- 
ster, was born March 18, 1682, and re- 

moved from Hartford to Glastonbury in 
1713. He married Esther Judd, of 
New Britain, Connecticut, December 14, 
1704. His death occurred September 18, 
1758, and his wife died September 22, 
1782, at Bernardston, Massachusetts. 
Their children were : Jonathan, Esther, 
Jemima, Ezekiel, Mehitable, Dorcas, 
Sarah, David, Mary, and Stephen. 

(V) Stephen Webster, son of Jonathan 
and Esther (Judd) Webster, was born 
June II, 1728. He removed from Glaston- 
bury, Connecticut, to Bernardston, Mas- 
sachusetts, in 1773, and from there to 
Northfield, Massachusetts. He married 
(first) Rebeckah, daughter of Jacob Wil- 
liams; he married (second) Elizabeth Kil- 
bourne ; he married (third) Patience John- 

(VI) Jacob Webster, son of Stephen 
and Elizabeth (Kilbourne) Webster, was 
born February 12, 1748, in Glastonbury, 
Connecticut. He lived in Conway, Mas- 
sachusetts ; was a private in the Revolu- 
tionary War, enlisting from Bernardston 
in Captain Taylor's Company, Nicholas 
Dyke's Regiment, in 1776. He died Octo- 
ber 3, 1776. He married. May 13, 1769, 
at Wethersfield, Connecticut, Abigail 
Goodrich, and their children were : 
Charles Webster, Jacob, and David Wil- 

(VII) Charles Webster, son of Jacob 
and Abigail (Goodrich) Webster, was 
born July 23, 1770. He was a blacksmith 
by trade, and in 1795 removed to Alstead, 
Cheshire county. New Hampshire, where 
he was a large landholder and prominent 
in town affairs. He was a major in the 
New Hampshire Militia, 28th Regiment, 
commissioned June 15, 1811 ; and died at 
Alstead, January 8, 1853. He married 
Irene Shepard, born June 20, 1776, died 
April 30, 1864. Their children were : 
Martha, Laura, Charles Goodrich, of 



further mention ; Irene Norton, Harriett, 
David Kimball, Abigail Z., Miranda and 
William H. 

(VIII) Charles Goodrich Webster, son 
of Charles and Irene (Shepard) Webster, 
was born July 3, 1801, at Alstead, New 
Hampshire. He was a farmer of Salem, 
Massachusetts, and died November 2, 
1885. He married, at Alstead, New 
Hampshire, June 26, 1828, Elmira Dick- 
inson, of Walpole, born June 21, 1809, 
died June 2, 1875. Their children were: 
Melissa Elmira, born August 31, 1830; 
and Charles Granville, of whom further. 

(IX) Charles Granville Webster, son 
of Charles Goodrich and Elmira (Dick- 
inson) Webster, was born at Alstead, 
New Hampshire, May 18, 1835, and died 
there, July 11, 1902. He was an architect 
and a contractor and builder, a large em- 
ployer of labor, and a very able man. He 
married, September 7, 1857, Sarah Eliza- 
beth Glover, daughter of Edward and 
Sarah E. (Studley) Glover, of Alstead, 
born May 4, 1841, died October 19, 1917. 
Their children were: i. Edward Glover, 
born November 14, 1858. died July 13, 
1904; married Rose A. Reed. 2. Charles 
Goodrich, born in Alstead, New Hamp- 
shire, January 29, i860; married Ida L. 
Timothy. 3. Frederick G., born October 
2, 1862 ; married Minnie Flanders, and 
resides in Alstead. 4. Frank George, 
born October 29, 1865 ; married Susan 
Hutchins, and resides in Springfield. 5. 
Harry Gilmore, of further mention. 6. 
Elizabeth Almira, born April 29, 1870; 
married Henry Franklin, and resides in 
Greenfield. 7. William B., born May 29, 
1872, died at Greenfield, January i, 1917; 
married Bernice Bundy. 8. John Arthur, 
born June 15, 1874; married, June 29, 
1898, Phoebe Jane Burgoyne, daughter of 
Mathias and Mary Frances (Brooks) 
Burgoyne ; they reside in Springfield. 9. 
Grace Alice, born April 29, 1876 ; married 

George A. Perkins ; died September 28, 
1917. 10. Bessie Elizabeth, born Decem- 
ber 17, 1881 ; married Luther Moses, of 
Providence, Rhode Island. 

(X) Harry Gilmore Webster, son of 
Charles Granville and Sarah Elizabeth 
(Glover) Webster, was born in Alstead, 
New Hampshire, November 25, 1867. He 
received his education in the Alstead 
schools, and when eighteen years of age 
went to Bellows Falls, Vermont, where 
he was employed as a clerk in a hotel 
for a time. Subsequently he worked in the 
Leighton Hotel at Nashua, and later was 
engaged with the New England Tele- 
phone Company, at Bellows Falls. About 
1895 he came to Springfield, Massachu- 
setts, where for a time he was engaged 
with the New England Telephone Com- 
pany. After engaging in business in 
Norwich, Connecticut, for a year, as a 
member of the firm of Webster & Mee- 
cham, dealers in provisions, and for an- 
other year in the provision business in 
partnership with J. Marshall Loveland in 
Springfield, he sold his interests to his 
partner and entered the employ of W. H. 
Dexter, in the real estate business. In 
1899 he went into the real estate business 
for himself, buying, building, and selling, 
and also doing insurance business. As 
a result of fair dealing and large ability, 
he has built up a large and ever-growing 
business, and is one of the well known 
real estate dealers of Springfield. As an 
expert in real estate values he stands 
among the first in the city. 

He is a director in the Springfield Na- 
tional Bank. He has taken an active inter- 
est in politics and served on the Board of 
Aldermen for three years. Fraternally 
he is affiliated with Springfield Lodge, 
Free and Accepted Masons ; Springfield 
Chapter, Royal Arch Masons ; Spring- 
field Council, Royal and Select Mas- 
ters ; Springfield Commandery, Knights 



Templar; and Melha Temple, Ancient 
Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic 
Shrine. He is also a member of the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows. In club 
circles he is well known, being a member 
of the Nayasset Club, the Winthrop Club, 
the Anglers Club, and the Country Club, 
all of Springfield. He is a member of the 
First Congregational Church of Spring- 
field, which he has served as assistant 
treasurer and as collector, and at present 
(1922) is serving as a member of the par- 
ish committee. 

On February 14, 1899, Harry Gilmore 
Webster married Marie I. Beebe, of 
Brooklyn, New York, daughter of Wal- 
ton and Elizabeth A. (Sharp) Beebe, and 
they are the parents of three children : 
Donald Gilmore, born April 16, 1901 ; 
Granville Beebe, born October 13, 1909, 
died April 28, 1920; and Harry Glover, 
born December 10, 1910. 

BROWN, Nedd WaUace 

Among the successful business men of 
Springfield is Nedd Wallace Brown, presi- 
dent, treasurer, and manager of the N. W. 
Brown Piano Company, Inc., located at 
No. 144 State street, whose experience 
and personal qualifications amply fit him 
for the successful conduct of a large and 
increasingly profitable concern which 
handles high grade pianos and reproduc- 
ing player pianos. 

The name Brown is one of the most 
frequent in this country. Back in the 
early days in England, before surnames 
were generally adopted, places, occupa- 
tions, and personal characteristics were 
used to distinguish individuals. John, by 
the woods; John, the tanner; and John, 
the brown (in hair or complexion), were 
deemed quite sufficiently distinguished 
from one another by the descriptive 
phrase, for all the ordinary purposes of 
the everyday life of the common people, 

until gradually as life became more com- 
plex and the people more important, the 
custom of adopting a surname for the 
family began and spread rapidly, finally 
reaching the common people. John by 
the woods became John Woods, John the 
tanner became John Tanner, and John 
the brown became John Brown. There 
are many unrelated families of the name 
of Brown, and very early in the history 
of New England representatives of many 
of them came to New England to try 
their fortunes in the New World. Thus 
it is that the name Brown appears upon 
the earliest records of almost every New 
England State, and of many other States 
throughout the country. There are sev- 
eral ancient families bearing this name, 
and from them have come many men of 
prominence and of distinguished ability. 
Among those pioneers of the name who 
came to New Hampshire was John 
Brown, born in England, 1588-89, who 
came to Massachusetts as early as 1635, 
and settled permanently at Hampton, in 
what is now New Hampshire, in 1639. 
He was granted a house lot of four acres, 
and soon afterwards purchased ten acres, 
upon which tract he built his home. Dur- 
ing his life he made several additions, by 
purchase, to this tract, upon which his 
descendants lived for seven generations. 
He was the father of eight children, five 
of whom were sons : John, Benjamin, 
Jacob, Thomas, and Stephen ; and from 
these have descended many of the fami- 
lies of the name living in New Hamp- 
shire and elsewhere. 

Captain Henry Brown, grandfather of 
Nedd Wallace Brown, was a resident of 
Kensington, New Hampshire. He was a 
sea-faring man, a sea captain, who owned 
a three-masted vessel and made many 
voyages to Marseilles, France. He died 
in Kensington, New Hampshire. The 
Christian name of his first wife was 



Mary; he married (second) Hannah 
Chase, of Hampton Falls, New Hamp- 
shire. His children were: George, who 
lost his life in the Civil War; James 
William, of whom further; and Hannah. 

James William Brown, son of Captain 
Henry Brown, was born in Kensington, 
New Hampshire, January i8, 1838, and 
died November 8, 1916, aged seventy- 
eight years. He received his education 
in the local schools, assisting on the farm 
before and after school and during vaca- 
tions. When school days were over he 
learned the shoemaker's trade, which he 
combined with farming. When the Civil 
War broke out he enlisted in the First 
Rhode Island Cavalry, and was in active 
service throughout the period of the war. 
He served as special messenger for Gen- 
eral Custer, and was under fire sixty-five 
times, being wounded twice. While 
carrying a message from General Sickles 
to General Custer his horse slipped or 
was wounded and fell, he being thrown 
to the ground beneath the horse, and sus- 
taining serious injury in the form of a rup- 
ture. He participated in the battle of 
Gettysburg, and witnessed the surrender 
of General Lee at the close of the war. 
After the mustering out of the Union 
forces he returned to his native town, and 
to the old homestead where he was born, 
and there he remained throughout the 
remainder of his life. He owned a good 
farm of some fifty acres, lying in a square, 
and surrounded by a highway, and here 
he skillfully cultivated his crops, sowing, 
tilling, harvesting and marketing the 
crops, and in addition to this, in slack 
seasons he worked at his trade of shoe- 
maker to the time of his death, never 
having experienced the discomfort of a 
sick day. 

He was an able, intelligent man, and 
took an active part in the public afifairs 
of his town. Politically he gave his alle- 

giance to the Democratic party during 
the early years of his life, but after the 
war he joined the forces of the newly 
formed Republican party, and during the 
remainder of his life supported its prin- 
ciples and its candidates. Deeply inter- 
ested in the welfare of his community, he 
was chosen by his fellow-citizens to fill 
all the local offices at various times, in- 
cluding that of selectman, in which capac- 
ity he served for many years. He was 
an active, interested member of the Grand 
Army of the Republic, and his religious 
affiliation was with the Universalist 
church. On October 22, 1867, he mar- 
ried Anna Orpha Martin, of Alexandria, 
New Hampshire, born in 1846, and died 
in April, 1920, daughter of Charles R. and 
Orpha I. Martin. They were the parents 
of two children : Nedd Wallace, of fur- 
ther mention ; and Herman Everett, who 
is engaged in the automobile business in 

Nedd Wallace Brown, son of James 
William and Anna Orpha (Martin) 
Brown, was born in Kensington, New 
Hampshire, February 7, 1875. He re- 
ceived his education in the public schools 
of Kensington, New Hampshire, and 
spent four years in a seminary at Kings- 
ton, New Hampshire, and in the Burdett 
Commercial College, and when his stud- 
ies were completed he became associated 
with a wholesale rubber concern in Bos- 
ton, where he remained for two yearc. 
At the end of that period he severed his 
connection with the wholesale rubber 
house and associated himself with the 
wholesale shoe establishment of Parker 
& Holmes, of Boston. Here he remained 
for some eight or nine years, advancing 
from one position to another and from 
one department to another, thus becom- 
ing thoroughly familiar with every phase 
of the business. After all these years 
spent in that line of work he decided to 



make a change, and associated himself 
with the piano house of Steinert & Son, 
going to their store in Fall River, Massa- 
chusetts, and a year later removing to 
their store in Lowell, Massachusetts, 
where he remained for two years, and 
then came to Springfield. For six years 
he represented Steinert & Son in the lat- 
ter city, being manager of the store there, 
and then, severing his connection with 
that firm, associated himself with the 
Otto Babb Company, who were engaged 
in the piano business in Springfield. This 
connection he maintained for six years, 
gaining valuable experience and render- 
ing efficient service to the company. In 
January, 1913, he decided that the time 
had come to engage in business for him- 
self. Incorporating under the name of 
the N. W. Brown Piano Company, Inc., 
he began business in Springfield, he being 
president, treasurer, and manager of the 
concern, and since that time has devoted 
his time and his energy to the develop- 
ment of his rapidly growing business. He 
conducts a strictly high grade establish- 
ment, carrying only quality instruments, 
and has the well earned confidence and 
esteem of a constantly increasing patron- 
age. He carries the Reproducing Player 
Piano which sells for $1600, the Bruns- 
wick phonographs and talking machines, 
and all of the best makes of pianos, and 
by fair dealing has laid the foundation for 
still larger success in the future. He first 
started in business on Vernon street, 
where he continued for nine years, when 
he purchased the building at Nos. 142 and 
144 State street, and has here fitted up a 
very beautiful showroom. He carries a 
large stock of goods not only in player 
pianos and phonographs, but also a com- 
plete line of records for the same, and has 
one of the finest showrooms in Western 

Mr. Brown is not only a successful 

business man, but he is well known and 
highly esteemed in fraternal and social 
circles in Springfield. He is a thirty- 
second degree Mason, being a member of 
Hampden Lodge, Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons, of which he is past master ; Morning 
Star Chapter, Royal Arch Masons; 
Springfield Commandery, Knights Tem- 
plar; Melha Temple, Ancient Arabic Or- 
der Nobles of the Mystic Shrine ; and Bela 
Grotto. He is also a member of the Ro- 
tary Club, and of the Masonic Club. His 
religious affiliation is with the Unitarian 

On September 3, 1903, Nedd Wal- 
lace Brown married Katherine Irene 
Thompson, of Springfield, daughter of 
Henry Harrison and Margaret (Creed) 



SPEAR, Edwin Cowles 

The family of Spear, represented in the 
present generation by Edwin Cowles 
Spear, of Springfield, treasurer and gen- 
eral manager of the Cheney Bigelow Wire 
Works in Springfield, which position he 
has filled for thirty-eight years, is of an- 
cient English origin. The name is also 
spelled Spere in the early records. 

(I) George Spear, immigrant ancestor 
perhaps of all of the surname in this 
country, came from England to Massa- 
chusetts in 1642, and settled in Braintree. 
He was admitted a freeman. May 29, 
1644. He lived for a time in Dorchester. 
In his old age he removed to New Dart- 
mouth, now Pemaquid, Maine, and is said 
to have been killed by the Indians. His 
wife Mary died in Braintree, December 
7, 1674. Children: i. George, married, 
April 2, 1669, Mary Deering, born Janu- 
ary 16, 1652-53, daughter of Samuel Deer- 
ing, of Braintree. Children : Hannah, 
Mary, Eleazer. 2. Sarah, born January 3, 
1647-48; married, June 19, 1672, George 
Witty. 3. Richard, married and had 


seven children baptized April ii, 1698. 4. 
Samuel, born October 15, 1652, died 
young. 5. Ebenezer, of further mention. 
6. Hannah, born March 30, 1656-57, died 
in 1668. 7, Samuel, born January 16, 
1658-59; married Elizabeth Daniels. 8. 
Nathaniel, born May 15, 1665, married, 
August 8, 1689, Hannah Holman. 

(II) Ebenezer Spear, fourth son of 
George and Mary Spear, was born August 
3, 1654, and died March 21, 1719. He was 
born in Braintree, Massachusetts, spent 
his entire life there, and there his death 
occurred. He married, in Braintree, 
Rachel Deering, the ceremony taking 
place July 16, 1679. She was born August 
30, 1659, ^"d died October 16, 1717. 
Among their children was Benjamin, of 
further mention. 

(III) Benjamin Spear, son of Ebenezer 
and Rachel (Deering) Spear, was a native 
of Braintree, Massachusetts, born Febru- 
ary 12, 1698, and his death occurred there 
in the year 1775. He married Sarah Niles, 
also a native of Braintree, born Septem- 
ber 20, 1702. Among their children was 
Moses, of further mention. 

(IV) Moses Spear, son of Benjamin 
and Sarah (Niles) Spear, was born in 
Braintree. Massachusetts, January 5, 
1735. He spent his boyhood and young 
manhood in his native town, and later 
removed to Shutesbury, Massachusetts, 
where his death occurred. He was pub- 
lic-spirited, and displayed his patriotism 
by enlisting his services in behalf of his 
country, serving as a soldier in the Revo- 
lutionary War. He married Catherine 
Jones, and among their children was 
Luther, of further mention. 

(V) Luther Spear, son of Moses and 
Catherine (Jones) Spear, was born in 
Randolph, Massachusetts, August 21, 
1758, and died in Shutesbury, Massachu- 
setts, August 20, 1843. He, likewise, was 
a man of patriotism, and offered his serv- 

ices to his country in her hour of peril, 
participating actively in the Revolution- 
ary War. He married Rebecca Tower, 
born in Randolph, Massachusetts, Febru- 
ary 4, 1759, and died in Shutesbury, Mas- 
sachusetts, March 18, 1822. Among their 
children was Eliphalet, of further mention. 

(VI) Eliphalet Spear, son of Luther 
and Rebecca (Tower) Spear, was born in 
Shutesbury, Massachusetts, February 28, 
1789, and died in North Amherst, Massa- 
chusetts, December 14, 1865. He married 
Martha Paul, born in Berkley, Massachu- 
setts, June 22, 1791, and died in North 
Amherst, Massachusetts, July 31, 1840. 
Five children were the issue of this mar- 
riage, namely : Ebenezer Paul, Myrick 
N., Lusamm, Mary, and David Cowles, of 
further mention. 

(VII) David Cowles Spear, youngest 
son of Eliphalet and Martha (Paul) 
Spear, was born in North Amherst, Mas- 
sachusetts, May 23, 1830, and died in 
Easthampton, Massachusetts, February 
22, 1904. For a short period of time he 
attended school in the town of Amherst, 
and later supplemented this by a course 
of self-study, becoming well informed on 
many subjects. He served an apprentice- 
ship to the trade of carpenter, in which 
line he became proficient, and for half a 
century followed carpentering and con- 
tracting, from which he derived a com- 
fortable livelihood. He was a man of in- 
fluence in the community, a member of 
the Congregational church and of the 
Masonic order. He married Melvina 
Elizabeth Pomeroy, born in Montgomery, 
Massachusetts, July 28, 1833, died June 
30, 1910. They were the parents of two 
children : Edwin Cowles, of further men- 
tion ; and Elizabeth Maria, who died as a 

(VIII) Edwin Cowles Spear, only son 
of David Cowles and Melvina Elizabeth 
(Pomeroy) Spear, was born in Chester, 



Massachusetts, December i, 1855. He re- 
ceived a practical education in the schools 
of Easthampton, Massachusetts, and 
when his studies were completed, as far 
as school books were concerned, he began 
the active business of life by securing a 
position in a factory in Easthampton. His 
next position was as a clerk in a dry 
goods store in Easthampton, and later he 
served in the same capacity in a store in 
Holyoke. In 1884 he began his long con- 
nection with the Cheney Bigelow Wire 
Works in Springfield, one of the well 
known and among the largest wire mills 
in the country, his first position being that 
of bookkeeper and paymaster, and in 1898 
his faithful service was rewarded by pro- 
motion to the offices of treasurer of the 
corporation and general manager of the 
plant, in which capacity he is serving at 
the present time (1922), having been 
thirty-eight years with the company and 
twenty-four years in the last named posi- 
tion. His tenure of office has been char- 
acterized by fidelity to duty, conscien- 
tious and painstaking effort, and a desire 
to promote the welfare and efficiency of 
the company which he has served so 
many years. In addition to this business 
he is a member of the board of directors 
of the American Metallic Fabric Com- 
pany, of South Yarmouth, Massachusetts, 
also treasurer of the Hampden Brass 
Company, and a director of the Chapin 
National Bank. 

He is a member of Hampden Lodge, 
Free and Accepted Masons, of which he 
is a past master; and he is a member of 
all the York Rite bodies in Masonry, 
namely : Morning Star Chapter, Royal 
Arch Masons, of which he is past high 
priest; Springfield Council, Royal and 
Select Masters; and Springfield Com- 
mandery. Knights Templars ; also all the 
Scottish Rite bodies, including the thirty- 
second degree, as follows : Evening Star 

Lodge of Perfection, of which he is past 
potent master; Massasoit Council, Princes 
of Jerusalem, of which he is past sovereign 
prince ; Springfield Chapter, Rose Croix, 
of which he is past most wise master ; also 
Massachusetts Consistory and Connecti- 
cut Valley Consistory ; and Melha Tem- 
ple, Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of the 
Mystic Shrine; and in 1917, in apprecia- 
tion of his work in these bodies, there was 
conferred upon him the thirty-third de- 
gree, the highest degree in Masonry. 

Mr. Spear married (first), October 2, 
1882, Mrs. Marion C. Buck, who died in 
February, 1905. He married (second), 
April 15, 1909, Cora Belle Fitch, born in 
Hatfield, but at the time of her marriage 
residing in Amherst, Massachusetts, 
daughter of George Clinton and Sarah 
Root (Kingsley) Fitch, the ancestry of 
the Fitch family being traced herein. 

(The Fitch Line). 

(I) Thomas Fitch, the English ances- 
tor of the branch of the family traced 
herein, was born in England about 1590, 
and died in 1645. ^^ inherited an estate 
near Braintree, Essex county, England, 
and married, August 8, 161 1, Annie Pew. 
After his death his widow and three sons 
came to New England, where two sons 
had already located. One of their sons 
was Joseph, of further mention. 

(II) Joseph Fitch, son of Thomas and 
Annie (Pew) Fitch, was born in Eng- 
land, whence he removed to the New 
World, He settled in Norwalk, Connec- 
ticut, in 1652, removed to Northampton, 
Massachusetts, in 1655, and to Hartford, 
Connecticut, in 1660. He married Mary 
Stone, daughter of Rev. Samuel Stone, a 
founder of Hartford, Connecticut. Subse- 
quently Joseph Fitch removed to Wind- 
sor, Connecticut, where his death occurred 
February 18, 1697. 

(III) Joseph (2) Fitch, son of Joseph 



(i) and Mar>' (Stone) Fitch, was a resi- 
dent of Windsor, Connecticut, in which 
section of the State he spent his entire 
lifetime, honored and respected. Among 
his children was John, of further mention. 

(IV) John Fitch, son of Joseph (2) 
Fitch, was born in East Windsor, Connec- 
ticut, March 14, 1702. He later located in 
Hatfield, Massachusetts, where he spent 
the remainder of his days. He married 
Lydia Scott, of Hatfield, born February 
24, 1708, and among their children was 
Ebenezer, of further mention. 

(V) Ebenezer Fitch, son of John and 
Lydia (Scott) Fitch, was born in Hat- 
field, Massachusetts, December 16, 1745, 
and died January 16, 1838. He was an 
active participant in the Revolutionary 
War. He married Abigail Taylor, born 
in Suffield, Connecticut, in 1745, died Sep- 
tember 5, 1818, in Hatfield, Massachu- 
setts. Among their children was John, of 
further mention. 

(VI) John Fitch, son of Ebenezer and 
Abigail (Taylor) Fitch, was born in Hat- 
field, Massachusetts, July 7, 1781. and 
died March 4, 1847. He married Rachel 
Appleby King, born in Williamsburg, 
Massachusetts, April 28, 1786, died in 
Hatfield, Massachusetts, April 9, 1833. 
Among their children was George Clin- 
ton, of further mention. 

(VII) George Clinton Fitch, son of 
John and Rachel A. (King) Fitch, was 
born in Hatfield, Massachusetts, June 6, 
1828, and died October 7, 1903. He mar- 
ried Sarah Root Kingsley, born in Hat- 
field, Massachusetts, September 9, 1827, 
died in Amherst, Massachusetts, March 3, 
1902. Among their children was Cora 
Belle, of further mention. 

(VIII) Cora Belle Fitch, daughter of 
George Clinton and Sarah Root (Kings- 
ley) Fitch, was born in Hatfield, Massa- 
chusetts, and became the wife of Edwin 
Cowles Spear. (q. v.). 

TUCKER, Andrew Jackson 

As president of the Cheney Bigelow 
Wire Works, and a director of the Hamp- 
den Brass Company, both of Springfield, 
Andrew Jackscn Tucker comes of a very 
old family. The name Tucker is from the 
old English word "tucker" meaning a 
trade, which is now obsolete, the word 
"fuller" being used instead. It is derived 
from the Teutonic word "tuck" signify- 
ing "cloth," hence the term tucker, a 
fuller of cloth, and is variously spelled 
"Tuker," "Tooker," "Tocker," etc. The 
earliest known record of the Tuckers is 
found in the report of visitation in County 
Kent, England, for the years 1619-20-21, 
preserved in the Harleian Manuscripts, 
and when these records were compared 
with the registry of baptisms of the an- 
cient Church of SS. Peter and Paul, dat- 
ing back to 1558, the records concerning 
the Tuckers were found to be accurate. 
The ancient Tucker families of New Eng- 
land are from several ancestors not known 
to be related to each other. The family 
to which Andrew Jackson Tucker belongs 
was early located in Massachusetts, Swal- 
low Tucker, his great-grandfather, having 
removed from Massachusetts to New 
Hampshire about 1760, he being the son 
of Josiah Tucker, from whom descent is 
traced as follows : 

(I) Josiah Tucker lived in Groton (now 
fPepperell), Massachusetts, and had wife 
Abigail. They had children, among whom 
was a son, Swallow. 

(II) Swallow Tucker, son of Josiah and 
Abigail Tucker, removed from Groton 
(now Pepperell), Massachusetts, about 
1760, to Brookline, New Hampshire, took 
an active part in all the aflfairs of his day 
and time, and showed his patriotism by 
serving in the Revolutionary War. He 
was a member of the Committee of Saf- 
ety, and at various times filled nearly all 
of the important civic offices in the gift 



of the people. His death occurred April 

29, 1809, bringing sorrow to his many 
friends and associates, and he was greatly 
missed in the community in which he had 
been so helpful a citizen. He married 
(first) Lucretia Carter; he married (sec- 
ond) Anna Sanders. He was the father 
of four children, among whom was Josiah. 

(III) Josiah (2) Tucker, son of Swal- 
low and Anna (Sanders) Tucker, was 
born July 6, 1779, in Roby (now Brook- 
line), New Hampshire. He and his wife 
Joanna were the parents of a son, 
Josiah (2). 

(IV) Josiah (3) Tucker, son of Josiah 
(2) and Joanna Tucker, was born in 
Brookline, New Hampshire, November 
19, 1805, and died in 1871, in Westminster, 
Massachusetts. When a young man he 
learned the trade of blacksmith and fol- 
lowed that trade, also operating a farm. 
He resided at various times in Pepperell, 
Gardner and Westminster, Massachusetts. 
He married (first) Miss Baker; (second) 
Hannah Stone, of Fitchburg. To the first 
marriage two children were born : George 
and Martha. To the second marriage one 
child was born, Andrew Jackson, of whom 

(V) Andrew Jackson Tucker, son of 
Josiah (3) and Hannah (Stone) Tucker, 
was born in Gardner, Massachusetts, May 

30, 1858. He received his education in the 
schools of Westminster and of Fitchburg, 
Massachusetts, and then was employed on 
the farm until 1876. The following year 
he came to Springfield, Massachusetts, 
and in 1882 entered the employ of the 
Cheney Bigelow Wire Works, which at 
that time employed only five or six men. 
At the present time this concern has one 
of the best equipped plants of the kind 
in the country and employs 180 men. 
This concern was started in 1852 by 
Cheney Bigelow and has now (1922) been 
doing business constantly for over sixty 

years. They manufacture paper machin- 
ery and Fourdrinier wires, which are 
used in paper mills, and their products go 
to all parts of the world. Mr. Tucker 
began when the business was in its in- 
fancy and has steadily worked his way 
up, his experience and skill growing with 
the growth of the concern, and his ability 
winning him one promotion after another, 
until he reached the office of president, 
which position he has held for many 
years. In addition to the responsibilities 
of his office as president of the Cheney 
Bigelow Wire Works, Mr. Tucker is a 
director of the Hampden Brass Company, 
also of Springfield. 

Fraternally he is a member of Roswell 
Lee Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, 
in which fraternity he is a member of all 
the York Rite bodies, including Spring- 
field Commandery ; also all the Scottish 
Rite bodies up to and including the thirty- 
second degree. He is also a member of 
Melha Temple, Ancient Arabic Order 
Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. 

In September, 1892, he married Lena 
A. Richards, of West Brookfield, Massa- 
chusetts, daughter of Samuel and Nancy 
(Smith) Richards. 

MILLER, WUliam Rowland 

For more than thirty years William 
Howland Miller has been associated with 
the Cheney Bigelow Wire Works, first as 
clerk of the corporation, later as sales- 
man, and finally as a member of the com- 
pany, actively engaged in the work of 
expanding and enlarging the business by 
the establishment of agencies throughout 
the country. 

Mr. Miller is a descendant of old Colo- 
nial stock, which came to New England at 
a very early date. The surname is com- 
mon in both England and Scotland, and 
belongs to the class of names known as 
occupational. At least a dozen of the 



name came to Massachusetts before 1650, 
among these being Thomas Miller, immi- 
grant ancestor of William Howland, and 
Obadiah Miller, his brother, who married 
Joanna, surname not known, and died in 
November, 1695. Obadiah Miller was in- 
dustrious and capable, often in the employ 
of Governor Pynchon, and was the father 
of three children : Lazarus, Obadiah, and 

(I) Thomas Miller settled in Spring- 
field, and was killed by the Indians Octo- 
ber 5, 1675, during King Philip's War. 
He married, October 12, 1649, Sarah 
Marshfield, sister of Samuel Marshfield, 
who married (second) Edward Foster. 
His children were : Sarah, married Jona- 
than Ball ; Thomas, married Rebecca 
Leonard ; Samuel, married (first) Ruth 
Beamon, (second) Catherine Halliday, 
widow ; John, of whom further ; Joseph, 
died November 10, 1659; Josiah ; Deb- 
orah, married James Gerald ; Martha, died 
young; Martha, married John Ferry; 
Ebenezer, married Hannah Keep ; Mehit- 
able, married John Clemmons ; Joseph, 
died December 26, 1671 ; and Experience, 
who married Samuel Frost. 

(II) John Miller, son of Thomas and 
Sarah (Marshfield) Miller, was born April 
23, 1657. He married Mary Beamon, and 
they were the parents of children, among 
whom was Captain Joseph. 

(III) Captain Joseph Miller, son of 
John and Mary (Beamon) Miller, was 
born in 1698, and died April 5, 1760. He 
married Mary Combs, and among their 
children was Joseph (2). 

(IV) Joseph (2) Miller, son of Joseph 
(i) and Mary (Combs) Miller, was born 
in May, 1724, and died April 8, 1803. He 
married Catherine Ferry, and they were 
the parents of: Sybil, Aaron, Leonard, 
Martha, Moses, Joseph, of whom further ; 
Catherine, died young; George, Cather- 
ine, Polly, and Margaret. 

(V) Joseph (3) Miller, son of Joseph 
(2) and Catherine (Ferry) Miller, was 
born September i, 1756, and died April i, 
1829. He married Mary Wilder, who was 
born in 1757, and died in 1845. They 
were the parents of eight children : Syl- 
vester, Joanna, Joseph (4) ; Daniel, of 
whom further ; Charlotte, John, Maria, 
and Polly. 

(VI) Daniel Miller, son of Joseph (3) 
and Mary (Wilder) Miller, was born 
October 30, 1789, and died May 21, 1870. 
He removed to South Hadley, Massachu- 
setts, where he was a successful farmer, 
and he was a soldier in the War of 1812. 
He married (first) Pamelia Jones, born 
April 22, 1793, died January 10, 1828, 
daughter of Stephen and Ray (Cooley) 
Jones; (second) Lucy Carr Smith. His 
children were: Almerin D., of whom fur- 
ther; Simeon, Hariett, Samuel, Francis, 
Calvin, Josiah S., Joseph, and Edward. 

(VII) Almerin Daniel Miller, eldest 
son of Daniel and Pamelia (Jones) Miller, 
was born January 21, 1813, and died Oc- 
tober 4, 1885. In early life he was en- 
gaged in farming, but later engaged in 
the wholesale meat business, also buying 
wool and hides for a large wholesale house 
in Boston. He was a successful and 
notably efficient man, who took an active 
interest in the welfare of the community 
in which he lived. As a member and one 
of the founders of the Memorial Church, 
he gave freely of his time and of his 
money for the advancement of the relig- 
ious and moral life of the community, 
teaching in the Sunday school, and in 
various other ways contributing a valu- 
able share to the work of that organiza- 
tion. He married (first). May 7, 1835, 
Asenath M. Smith. She died February 
4, i860, aged forty-five years, and he mar- 
ried (second), in August, i860, Martha 
Lane, who was born August 13, 1837, ^"^ 
died June 21, 1883. Children of the first 



marriage were: Pamelia Jones, died 
August 8, 1867, married Seth M. Coe ; 
Harriet Atwood, died October 9, 1845; 
Mary Smith, died January 25, 1845 ! Wil- 
liam H., died February 3, 1846; Joseph 
Condit; William H., of whom further; 
and Mary Jane, deceased. 

(VIII) William Howland Miller, son 
of Almerin Daniel and Asenath M. 
(Smith) Miller, was born in South Had- 
ley, Massachusetts, September i, 1849, 
and was brought to Springfield by his par- 
ents when he was one year of age. He 
received a good, practical education in the 
public schools of Springfield, and when 
school days were passed became associa- 
ted with his father in the wholesale meat, 
wool, and hide business. This connection 
he maintained for several years, and then 
made a change, severing his connection 
with his father's business, and entering 
the office of the Boston & Albany Rail- 
road Company, where he remained for a 
number of years. After a long and valu- 
able experience in the latter position he 
returned to the meat business, taking 
charge of the Armour business in Spring- 
field. In March, 1890, he associated him- 
self with the Cheney Bigelow Wire 
Works, engaged in the manufacture of 
wire, acting for a time as corporation 
clerk. Later he became a successful 
salesman, and finally devoted his entire 
time to the sales department, organizing 
agencies, stimulating the members of the 
sales force, infusing energy into the gen- 
eral management of the sales department, 
and contributing a large share to the de- 
velopment of the great plant and the ex- 
tensive business now operated by the 
company. At the time Mr. Miller became 
a member of the firm there were only five 
or six looms engaged in the weaving of 
wire ; to-day sixty looms do the work 
of the firm. Mr. Miller travels exten- 
sively, west and north, establishing new 

agencies, and stimulating and energizing 
old ones, and it is to his excellent work 
in this field that much of the steady and 
satisfactory growth of the business is due. 

It is not alone in business activities and 
interests, however, that Mr. Miller is 
known and recognized as a successful 
man among men. He is especially active 
in Masonic circles, being a member of 
Roswell Lee Lodge, Free and Accepted 
Masons, and of all the Scottish Rite 
bodies, including the thirty-second degree. 
He is also a charter member of Melha 
Temple, Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of 
the Mystic Shrine. He is a member of 
the Country Club, the Colony Club, and 
the Fish and Game Club. He gives his 
support to the activities of the Memorial 
church, and is a member of the parish 

Mr. Miller married (first), in October, 
1886, Gertrude L. Meserve, of Thomp- 
sonville, Connecticut. She died July 21, 
1899, and he married (second), April 22, 
1902. Meribah Hall Tyce, of Bristol, 

MILLER, George W. 

The strength of character, unfaltering 
perseverance, and competent business 
methods which brought to George W. 
Miller success in his line of work, tin- 
smithing, were early manifest in his 
career. The elements which go to make 
up an upright manhood are his. Ener- 
getic and trustworthy in business and 
public life, genial and kindly in his inter- 
course with his fellowmen, a champion of 
all that tends to promote the material, 
social, intellectual and moral welfare of 
the community, his life record commends 
him to the good will and regard of all. 

George W. Miller was born in New 
York City, September 9, 1852, the son of 
John A. and Catherine (Huft) Miller. 
His father, a tailor and cutter by trade, 



came to New York City from Hesse- 
Cassel, Germany, when twelve years of 
age. His mother was also a native of 
Germany, born in Baden-Baden, and was 
brought to this country when an infant a 
year old, her parents residing in New 
York City, where she was reared, edu- 
cated and married. In 1861 Mr. and Mrs. 
John A. Miller removed from New York 
City to Easthampton, Massachusetts. 
They were the parents of four sons and 
three daughters, George W., of this re- 
view, being the eldest son. 

George W. Miller attended the public 
schools of his native city and Easthamp- 
ton, also the high school of the latter 
place, then served an apprenticeship to 
the trade of tinsmith, after which he 
worked as a journeyman tinsmith in New 
York City for a period of two and one- 
half years. The following year was spent 
in Meriden, Connecticut, in the same line ; 
the two years following that were spent 
in Florence, Massachusetts, where he was 
employed in a stove store in the capacity 
of tinsmith, and about the year 1878 he 
took up his residence in Springfield, Mas- 
sachusetts. Here he entered the employ 
of D. B. Montague, whose place of busi- 
ness was located on Main street, and for 
more than a year had charge of his shop, 
faithfully attending to every detail con- 
nected with the work. In the following 
year, 1879, ^^ removed to Indian Orchard, 
a section of Springfield, and there, in 
partnership with Albert H. Halford, en- 
gaged in the same line of business, under 
the style of Halford & Miller, so continu- 
ing successfully until the year 1890, when 
the business was disposed of to G. G. 
Makepeace. In 1885 a branch shop was 
established by the firm at Ludlow, Massa- 
chusetts, Mr. Halford assuming charge of 
this, and Mr. Miller remaining in charge 
at Indian Orchard. The partners always 
held to the highest standards in their 
mechanical work, and were respected 

throughout the community for their un- 
failing integrity and for their personal 

While conscientiously devoted to his 
business interests, Mr. Miller took a keen 
interest in public matters, and in 1884 was 
chosen by his fellow-citizens of Spring- 
field to serve as a member of the Board 
of Aldermen, his faithful service gaining 
for him reelection in 1886. He served on 
various committees, among them the com- 
mittee on sewers, drains and highways, 
of which he was chairman two years. He 
also served as clerk and caucus clerk of 
the precinct, rendering efficient service. 
Mr. Miller is firm in his advocacy of Re- 
publican principles, but so great was his 
popularity that his nomination was often 
indorsed by the other great party, the 
Democratic. In the fall of 1886 Mr. Mil- 
ler was elected to the State Legislature 
for the Sixth Hampden District, and in 
1890 was reelected to the same office, 
discharging the duties to the satisfaction 
of his constituents, and serving on the 
committee on cities, banks and banking. 
In the meantime he was put in charge of 
the roads and sewers of Ward Eight, his 
territory extending from Chicopee Falls 
to Wilbraham, this being the largest dis- 
trict in the city of Springfield under the 
control of one man, but Mr. Miller has 
been equal to the task, performing the 
work in a highly efficient manner, now 
(1922) having been in this position thirty- 
two years. 

He is a member of the Evangelical 
church, and served in the capacities of 
superintendent and assistant superin- 
tendent of the Sunday school connected 
therewith. Mr. Miller has been a member 
of the Masonic order since he was twenty- 
one years of age, now nearly fifty years. 
He was made a Mason in Ionic Lodge, of 
Easthampton, Massachusetts, coming 
from New York to take his degrees. He 
is a charter member of Brigham Lodge, of 



Ludlow, serving as its third master ; a 
charter member of Indian Orchard Lodge, 
serving as its first master ; a charter mem- 
ber and first patron of Dwight Clark 
Lodge, Order of the Eastern Star ; 
was the first sachem of Wallamount 
Tribe, Improved Order of Red Men, and 
was a charter member of the American 
Legion of Honor, serving as its first 

While residing in Easthampton Mr. 
Miller was a member and clerk for five 
years of the old Hand Engine Company, 
No. 5. For many years he has been a 
member of the Veteran Firemen's Asso- 
ciation of Springfield, and was its presi- 
dent for nine years ; also president of the 
Connecticut Valley Veteran Firemen's 
Association, and for some years has been 
a delegate to the New England Veteran 
Firemen's Association. He was also on 
the building committees for the erection 
of Masonic halls for Brigham and Indian 
Orchard lodges, and is now clerk of the 
Indian Orchard Masonic Building Asso- 

Mr. Miller married, at Easthampton, 
Massachusetts, January 27, 1875, Eugenia 
Oberempt, a native of Barmen, Germany, 
daughter of John H. and Rosalie (Rellens- 
man) Oberempt, she accompanying her 
parents to the United States in the year 
1856. Three children were born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Miller, as follows: i. Mary 
Helen, became the wife of Samuel Merton 
Harris, and they are the parents of three 
children : Helen Lucy, Alice Eugenia, 
and Edward Miller. 2. Grace Eugenia, 
became the wife of Edward Brownell, 
who is a conductor on the Boston & 
Albany railroad ; they reside at Indian 
Orchard. 3. Alice Catherine, became the 
wife of Rev. Charles E. Herring, now de- 
ceased ; Mrs. Herring resides at Indian 

HYDE, Arthur Salisbury 

Among the prominent manufacturers 
of Springfield, Massachusetts, is Arthur 
S. Hyde, a well known citizen of Hart- 
ford, Connecticut, where he resides. He 
is a worthy representative of an old and 
noted family, resident for many years in 
the State of Connecticut, their connection 
therewith tracing back to the early part 
of the seventeenth century, their record 
worthy of emulation by their descendants. 

(I) William Hyde, the first of the line 
herein followed, was one of the original 
founders of Hartford, Connecticut, where 
his name is found on the records in 1636, 
and where he was a man of considerable 
prominence. Later he was one of the 
founders and a resident of Norwich, Con- 
necticut, but he is not known to be con- 
nected with any others of the same name 
who came from England to America. He 
was the father of two children : Samuel, 
of whom further ; Hester, who became the 
wife of John Post. 

(II) Samuel Hyde, son of William 
Hyde, was born in Hartford, Connecticut, 
about the year 1637, and later removed to 
Norwich, Connecticut. He married, in 
June, 1659, Jane Lee, daughter of Thomas 
Lee, her mother a member of the Brown 
family. Children: Elizabeth, born 1660; 
Phebe, born 1663; Samuel, born 1665; 
John, born 1667; William, born 1670; 
Thomas, of whom further; Sarah, born 
1675 ; Jabez, born 1677. 

(III) Thomas Hyde, son of Samuel 
and Jane (Lee) Hyde, was born in Nor- 
wich, Connecticut, in July, 1672, and died 
April 9, 1755. He settled in Norwich 
West Farms, and followed agriculture as 
a means of livelihood. He married, in 
December, 1697, Mary Backus, daughter 
of Stephen and Sarah (Gardner) Backus. 
She died March 27, 1752. Their children 
were: Mary, born 1698; Thomas, born 


'^t^^'^^tl^ S TAi^^ 


1699; Phebe, born 1702; Jacob, of whom 
further; Jane, born 1704; Abner, born 

(IV) Captain Jacob Hyde, son of 
Thomas and Mary (Backus) Hyde, was 
born in Norwich, Connecticut, January 
20, 1703, and died January 22, 1782. He 
followed the same occupation as his 
father, deriving from his agricultural pur- 
suits a good livelihood. He married, Octo- 
ber II, 1727, Hannah Kingsbury, born in 
1709, daughter of Deacon Joseph and 
Ruth (Denison) Kingsbury. Their chil- 
dren were: Jacob, born 1730; Mary, born 
1732; Ephraim, of whom further; Joseph, 
born 1736; Hannah, born 1738; Ruth, 
born 1740; Jonathan, born 1742; Silence, 
born 1744; Rebecca, born 1745; Phebe, 
born 1750. 

(V) Ephraim Hyde, son of Captain 
Jacob and Hannah (Kingsbury) Hyde, 
was born in Norwich, Connecticut, April 
23, 1734. He married Martha Giddings, 
and they settled in Stafford, Connecticut, 
where they spent the remainder of their 
days, their deaths occurring there. Nine 
children were born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Hyde : Nathaniel, of w^hom further 
Hannah, born 1758; Lydia, born 1761 
Ephraim, born 1763; Martha, born 1765 
Jacob, born 1767; Jasper, born 1769 
Eunice, born 1772; Eli, born 1777. 

(VI) Nathaniel Hyde, son of Ephraim 
and Martha (Giddings) Hyde, was born 
in Stafford, Connecticut, March 7, 1757, 
and died there in 1825. He was an iron 
founder by trade, an active, public- 
spirited citizen, honored and esteemed by 
his neighbors and friends. He married 
(first) Sarah Strong, daughter of Lieuten- 
ant Strong. She bore him one child, 
Alvan, of whom further. He married 
(second) Cynthia Palmer, a widow. She 
bore him three children, as follows : 
Nathaniel, born 1800; Sarah, born in Staf- 
ford, became the wife of David Rockwell ; 

Mass 11 — 7 

Martha, born in Stafford, became the wife 
of Joseph Phelps Pinney. 

(VII) Alvan Hyde, son of Nathaniel 
and Sarah (Strong) Hyde, was born in 
Stafford, Connecticut, October 26, 1786, 
and died October 4, 1841. His active 
career was devoted to the occupation of 
manufacturing iron and running blast 
furnaces, being the first in the country in 
this line of business. He took an active 
interest in all that concerned the com- 
munity in which he resided. He married 
Sarah Pinney, born January 9, 1793, died 
September 13, 1848, daughter of Daniel 
Pinney. Six children were born to them, 
as follows : Edward G., married Sarah 
A. Bumstead ; Alvan Pinney, prominent 
attorney in Hartford, married Elizabeth 
Waldo, and several of their sons have 
been prominent in Hartford, one serving 
in the capacity of mayor ; Henry, died 
young; Salisbury, of whom further; 
Jenny, became the wife of Charles Fox; 
Maryette, became the wife of James S. 

(VIII) Salisbury Hyde, son of Alvan 
and Sarah (Pinney) Hyde, was born in 
Stafford Springs (Hydeville), Connecti- 
cut, in 1830, and died in 1906. He fol- 
lowed in his father's footsteps, choosing 
manufacturing as his life work, pursuing 
that line of work in Hartford, Connecti- 
cut, and Worcester, Massachusetts, and 
served as president and treasurer of the 
Washburn Car Wheel Company, dis- 
charging these duties in a highly credit- 
able manner. He was noted for honesty 
and integrity, was active and public- 
spirited, and won for himself a high rep- 
utation. He married Charlotte Cross 
Henry, of Waterford, Vermont, born in 
1840, died in 1893, aged fifty-three years. 
Children of Mr. and Mrs. Hyde : Arthur 
Salisbury, of whom further; Jennie 
Elizabeth, deceased, she the wife of Rus- 
sell C. Northam, and the mother of two 



children, Russell Hyde and Barbara; Ger- 
trude, became the wife of Arthur D. New- 
ton, and they have one son, Duane Hyde 

(IX) Arthur Salisbury Hyde, only son 
of Salisbury and Charlotte Cross (Henry) 
Hyde, was born in Chicago, Illinois, 
October 5, 1863. He was educated in the 
public schools of Hartford, Connecticut, 
and the first years of his active career was 
associated with his father in the manufac- 
turing business, thereby gaining a wide 
experience in that line of work. For the 
following ten years he was connected 
with the American Writing Machine 
Company, of Hartford, beginning at the 
bottom and working his way upward, and 
was secretary of the company. In 1897 
he became connected with the Whitlock 
Coil Pipe Company, of Hartford, was 
interested in its development, and was 
called upon to fill the offices of president 
and treasurer of the company, which he 
did in an acceptable manner. He was a 
director of the City Bank, now the City 
Bank and Trust Company, of Hartford. 
In 1910 Mr. Hyde retired from active 
business on account of impaired health. 
In 1917 Mr. Hyde became actively inter- 
ested in the management of the Baush 
Machine Tool Company, of Springfield, 
Massachusetts, and at the present time 
(1921) is vice-president and treasurer of 
this well known and successful corpora- 
tion. He is a member of the Episcopal 
church ; member of Lafayette Lodge, 
Free and Accepted Masons, of Hartford ; 
and a member of the Farmington Country 

Mr. Hyde married, November 27, 1894, 
May Holbrook, of Hartford, Connecticut, 
daughter of George Holbrook, her mother 
a member of the Goodrich family. Chil- 
dren of Mr. and Mrs. Hyde: i. Marion, 
born February 15, 1896. 2. Henry Hol- 
brook, born May 6, 1897; he was educated 

in Hartford schools, including the high 
school, and entered Yale College. He 
married, October 20, 1920, Dorothy Pope 
Gillette, of Hartford. Before the out- 
break of the World War, in 1917, Henry 
H. Hyde went to the Plattsburg school, 
and was recommended for a commission 
when of age. He enlisted as a first class 
private in Cavalry Troop B, loist Ma- 
chine Gun Battalion, 26th Division, went 
to France, and participated in all the bat- 
tles of his division, including Chateau- 
Thierry and the Argonne Forest, and re- 
ceived the five bars as a reward for his 

The 26th Division, under Major-Gen- 
eral Clarence R. Edwards, embarked in 
September, 1917. They went through the 
prescribed course of instruction until 
early in 1918. When brigaded with the 
nth French Army Corps they entered the 
line for a month and a half further train- 
ing north of Soissons, then into the firing 
line at Chemin des Dames, February 6, 
19 18, and were forty-six days in first line 
trenches. Withdrawn for rest when the 
German offensive of March 21 necessitated 
immediate return, they went to live in 
the La Reine and Boucy sectors, north of 
Toul. Here it had two important engage- 
ments — one in Agremont Forest, where 
it repulsed with considerable loss a heavy 
German raid, and one at Seicheprey, 
where casualties on both sides amounted 
approximately to two thousand men. On 
July 18, 1918, the division was thrown 
into battle between the Aisne and Marne, 
advancing in seven days more than seven- 
teen kilometers against determined enemy 
opposition and capturing the towns of 
Epieds, Trugny, Torcey, Belleau and 
Givry. They next took part in the Ameri- 
can offensive in September at St. Mihiel ; 
captured Bois-des-Eparges, Hattonchatel 
and Vigneulles. Later, during the Mieuse- 
Argonne offensive, the division attacked 




northeast of Verdun, and aided in the 
storming of Etrayes Ridge, capturing 
Bois-de-Belleu and Bois-de-Ormont, one 
of the most formidable heights in that 
region, and was in this sector when the 
armistice was declared. 

The 26th was the first full division to 
be organized and transported to France, 
and was the first to occupy a sector as a 
full division. Ten months of almost con- 
tinuous service was theirs, they taking 
part in the bloodiest battles of the war. 
Time and again they achieved what the 
veteran French commanders believed im- 
possible. Thousands of men were cited 
for bravery or won Croix de Guerre 
medals, and they led all other divisions in 
decorations received. Their operations 
were carried out with skill, endurance, 
tenacity and nerve never surpassed, and 
at one time they were the only troops 
between the Germans and Paris. 

BRAYTON, Hezekiah A. 

Among the very oldest of American 
families is that which bears the name of 
Brayton, which was established in the 
Colony of Rhode Island some time before 
the middle of the seventeenth century, 
probably in the year 1643, when its 
founder was received as an inhabitant of 
Portsmouth. The members of the Bray- 
ton house have been extremely prominent 
in connection with the development of 
Southeastern Massachusetts, particularly 
with that region centering about the city 
of Fall River, and the early territory 
which went to form that city. The great 
industries which have grown up there- 
about are not a little indebted to the 
enterprise and intelligence of the early 
Braytons, various members of the family 
having been numbered among the most 
prominent business leaders, financiers, 
and promoters of the colossal milling 
industries of the region. 

Brayton Arm^ — Azure, two chevrons betweeen 
as many mullets or. 
Crest — A mullet or. 
Motto — Catus semper viret. 

(I) Francis Brayton, immigrant ances- 
tor and founder of the family in America, 
was born in England in 1611-12. He 
came to this country as a young man, and 
was admitted as an inhabitant of Ports- 
mouth, Rhode Island, as early as the year 
1643. Twelve years later, in 1655, he was 
made a freeman, and in 1662-63 was 
chosen to represent Portsmouth in the 
General Court. He served as deputy to 
the General Court in 1669-70, 1678, and 
1684. In 1667 h^ enlisted in the troop of 
horse which was maintained for the com- 
mon defense, and generally played an 
important part in the life of the com- 

Francis Brayton married Mary •, 

who died about the year 1692. He died 
in the same year. Children: i. Francis, 
died in 17 18. 2. Mary, married Joseph 
Davol. 3. Stephen, mentioned below. 4. 
Martha, married John Pearce. 5. Eliza- 
beth, married Jared Bourne. 6. Sarah, 
married Thomas Gatchell. 

(II) Stephen Brayton, son of Francis 
and Mary Brayton, was a resident of 
Portsmouth, Rhode Island, probably all 
his life, although the date of his birth is 
not known, and it is possible that he may 
have been a native of England. He was 
a freeman in the year 1678, and a member 
of the grand jury in 1687. 

Stephen Brayton married, March 8, 
1679, Ann Tallman, daughter of Peter and 
Ann Tallman, of Portsmouth, and died in 
1692. Children: i. Mary, born February 
12, 1680. 2. Elizabeth, born December 8, 
1681. 3. Ann, born July 6, 1683. 4. Pre- 
served, mentioned below. 5. Stephen, 
born August 2, 1686. 6. Israel, died about 

(III) Preserved Brayton, son of Ste- 



phen and Ann (Tallman) Brayton, was 
born in Portsmouth, Rhode Island, March 
8, 1685. He became a freeman at Ports- 
mouth in 1706, the year in which he 
attained his majority, and lived there 
until 1714, when he purchased one hun- 
dred and thirty acres of land in the settle- 
ment of Swansea, Massachusetts. He 
made that place his home during the 
remainder of his life. This farm came to 
be known as the Brayton homestead, by 
which name it is called to the present day. 
It is situated on the west bank of the 
Taunton river, in what is now the town 
of Somerset, which was set off from 
Swansea in the year 1790. The first 
definite agreement in regard to his pur- 
chase of this farm from William Little 
was embodied in articles drawn up and 
signed July 21, 1714. The terms of agree- 
ment between the two proved satisfac- 
tory, and the deed was signed and trans- 
ferred on March 2, 1714-15. Evidence is 
uncertain as to when the Brayton home- 
stead was built. Elizabeth Hitchcock 
Brayton, in her interesting sketch of the 
"Brayton Homestead," published in 1914, 

* * * we find evidence of its foundation 
upon which site has been placed a stone, presum- 
ably the old stepping stone of the original dwell- 
ing. "The Great Room," "in the Southeast cor- 
ner," "the chamber over said rooms," "the great 
door," "through the entry and up the stairs to 
the chamber overhead," "to cook in the Kitchen," 
"and store meat and sauce in the cellar," form for 
us only a fragmentary description of that first 
house upon the hill to which Preserved Brayton 
brought his wife and two older children, and 
which was the birthplace of his younger children. 
In 1724 Preserved Brayton enlarged his farm by 
purchasing of William Slade the south half ot 
the original lot 13 of the Shawomet purchase, and 
half the roadway between the 13th and 14th lots, 
thus making the whole of the Home.stead Farm 
about one hundred and sixty-eight acres. 

The original lot was No. 12. Miss 
Brayton continues: 

The total purchase price of the farm, as paid 
by Preserved Brayton, was, therefore, thirteen 
hundred and twenty pounds. Assuming that the 
colonial pound (whose value to-day would be 
about three and one-third dollars) was used in 
these transactions, the amount paid for the Home- 
stead Farm would be about forty-four hundred 
dollars of our money. Preserved Brayton was a 
true lover of the soil, and for forty-seven years 
after his removal to Swansea, as we shall call it 
now, was spared to enjoy the fruits of his labors 
upon the place he termed the Homestead Farm, 
all unconscious of adopting a name that would be 
perpetuated for so many generations. At the 
time of his death in Swansea, May 21, 1761, Pre- 
served Brayton was an extensive landholder. * * * 

He owned in addition to the Home- 
stead Farm another farm in Swansea, 
besides property in Freetown. Rehoboth 
and Smithfield, Rhode Island. 

Preserved Brayton married, in Ports- 
mouth, Rhode Island, Content Cogges- 
hall, daughter of John (2) Coggeshall, 
and granddaughter of John (i) Cogges- 
hall, one of the first settlers of Rhode 
Island, and one of the foremost figures in 
the early life of the colony. (See Cogges- 
hall III). Preserved Brayton and his 
wife died in Swansea, the former on May 
21, 1761, and the latter in 1759. 

(IV) Israel Brayton, son of Preserved 
and Content (Coggeshall) Brayton, was 
born on the Homestead Farm, October 
13, 1727. He inherited the Homestead 
Farm on his father's death, and like his 
father was an extensive landowner and 
prosperous farmer. In addition to the 
farm, he acquired property in Swansea, 
including a shipyard, and land he pur- 
chased in 1766 from Samuel Lee. In 1759 
he bought of Richard and Susanna Gif- 
ford a large farm of one hundred and 
eighty acres in Tiverton, which at the 
time of his death he gave to his son, Baul- 
ton Brayton. Israel Brayton spent his 
entire life in Swansea, and was a well- 
known figure in its affairs for several 



Israel Brayton married (first), April 19, 
1752, Mary Perry, who, tradition claims, 
was a relative of Oliver Hazard Perry. 
They were the parents of nine children, 
among them John, mentioned below. 
Israel Brayton married (second) Mrs. 
Mary Read Bowers. He died in Swansea 
in 1791. 

Perry Arms — Quarterly, gules and or, on a bend 
argent, three lions passant, proper. 
Crest — A lion's head proper, ducally crowned or. 

(V) John Brayton, son of Israel and 
Mary (Perry) Brayton, was born in 
Swansea, Massachusetts, April 12, 1762. 
Too young to serve during the Revolu- 
tion, he nevertheless was old enough to 
see and remember the hardships of the 
times. The Brayton homestead was on 
the route of travel. Many of the troops 
on their way to Tiverton crossed the 
Taunton river at Slade's Ferry and thus 
came very near to the home of his father. 
One night a company camped not far dis- 
tant, and the next morning, in filling their 
canteens, drew the well dry at the Home- 
stead Farm. One canteen, accidentally 
left, is now in existence and is in the 
possession of one of the present owners 
of the Homestead Farm, the great-great- 
grandson of Israel Brayton. The war 
brought great deprivation to the inhabit- 
ants of the towns round about, and in 
1779 there was a great scarcity of provi- 
sions, and these sold at very high prices. 
The following winter the intense cold 
caused much suffering, and for two 
months the ice completely locked the 
rivers and bay. The price of wood ad- 
vanced to twenty dollars per cord and 
corn sold at four silver dollars a bushel. 
It was during this winter that John Bray- 
ton, not yet eighteen years of age, 
"Loaded wood upon sleds at his farm and 
with oxen drew the same in a direct line 
upon the ice to Newport." On August 2, 
1780, when eighteen years of age, John 

Brayton enlisted in Captain Peleg Peck's 
company of Colonel Thomas Carpenter's 

On September 21, 1782, John Brayton 
married Sarah Bowers, the daughter of 
Philip Bowers, a lineal descendant of 
three of the Pilgrim band who came on 
the "Mayflower" on her first voyage in 
1620. They were the parents of eleven 
children. On the death of his father, 
about 1791, John Brayton inherited the 
Brayton homestead, and resided there 
until his death. It was during his life- 
time that Somerset was set apart from 
Swansea, and in the former town he died 
May 12, 1829. 

About 1796, finding the old house too 
small for his rapidly growing family, John 
Brayton erected the present house. The 
original house was left standing, and 
early in the nineteenth century part of it 
was moved near the new house. 

John Brayton was one of the first mem- 
bers of the Methodist church of Swansea, 
joining soon after its organization, and 
remaining throughout his life a useful and 
influential factor in its aflfairs. He con- 
tributed generously to its support, and 
tendered cordial hospitality to the itiner- 
ant ministers. At the centenary celebra- 
tion of that church, held March 2, 1902, 
as a memorial to John Brayton, his grand- 
children and great-grandchildren gave to 
the church the sum of fifteen hundred 
dollars, the income to be used for the sup- 
port of the gospel. 

(VI) Israel (2) Brayton, son of John 
and Sarah (Bowers) Brayton, was born 
in Somerset, Massachusetts, on the Bray- 
ton homestead, July 29, 1792. He spent 
his entire life there, and died November 
5, 1866. In early life, however, he had 
for a time resided in Swansea and Fall 
River, and although he returned to the 
Homestead Farm on the death of his 
father , he retained his associations in 



these places. He continued his member- 
ship in the Central Congregational 
Church of Fall River, and was one of its 
most regular attendants. The "Fall 
River News," of November 9, 1866, de- 
scribes the funeral services of Israel 
Brayton and pays tribute to him as a 

It was a scene long to be remembered, as the 
family and friends gathered around the grave on 
that serene and most beautiful Indian summer 
morning, and united with bowed heads and sym- 
pathizing hearts in the simple, heartfelt and deeply 
impressive prayer which was there offered; and 
we could but feel how grand a lesson is taught 
us when a good man is called from earth to 
heaven ; a man who has filled the measure of his 
days in his Master's service, and whose memory 
will be cherished by his friends and kindred as 
among the best of earthly treasures. 

Israel Brayton married, August 19, 
1813, Keziah Anthony, daughter of David 
and Submit (Wheeler) Anthony, they the 
parents of nine children. (See Wheeler 
and Anthony). Keziah (Anthony) Bray- 
ton was the last to reside permanently 
upon the Homestead Farm, where she died 
October 24, 1880, aged eighty-nine years. 
She was a direct descendant of John An- 
thony, one of the pioneer settlers of 
Rhode Island, who came from England in 
the year 1634. The Anthony family was 
prominent in Rhode Island affairs, and 
had become allied with many of the most 
important families of the colony. Israel 
and Keziah (Anthony) Brayton were the 
parents of the following children: i. 
Mary, born in Foxboro, Massachusetts, 
May 9, 1814; married (first), in 1842, 
Major Bradford Durfee, of Fall River, 
who died in 1843, leaving one son, Brad- 
ford Matthew Chaloner Durfee, born 
June 15, 1843, died, unmarried, in 1872. 
His mother gave in his memory the B. 
M. C. Durfee High School in the city of 
Fall River. She married (second), in 
1851, the Rev. Jeremiah S. Young, who 

died in 1861. She died in Fall River, 
March 2.2, 1891. 2. William Bowers, born 
in Swansea, April 6, 1816; married Han- 
nah Turner Lawton, of Tiverton, Rhode 
Island, 3. Nancy Jarrett Bowers, married 
Daniel Chase, and their only child died 
in infancy. 4. Elizabeth Anthony, mar- 
ried Rev. Roswell Dwight Hitchcock, 
and they were the parents of the follow- 
ing children: Roswell, Mary B., Harriet 
W., and Bradford W. 5. David Anthony, 
born in Swansea, April 2, 1824, died Au- 
gust 20, 1881 ; married Nancy R. Jenckes, 
of Fall River. 6. John Summerfield, born 
in Swansea, December 3, 1826; married 
Sarah J. Tinkham, of Middleboro, Massa- 
chusetts. 7. Israel Perry, born in Swan- 
sea, May 24, 1829, married Parthenia 
Gardner, of Swansea. 8. Hezekiah An- 
thony, mentioned below. 

(VII) Hezekiah Anthony Brayton, one 
of the most vital figures in the history of 
the industrial development of Fall River, 
son of Israel (2) and Keziah (Anthony) 
Brayton, was born June 24, 1832, on Main 
street, Fall River, Massachusetts. Here 
he passed his childhood, and attended 
local schools for his education. Later he 
was entered as a student at the East 
Greenwich Academy, East Greenwich, 
Rhode Island, and after being graduated 
from that institution, returned to his 
native State and taught school for one 
year in the town of Seekonk. He did not 
find in this profession the opportunity 
which he desired, however, and at the end 
of the first year secured a position in a 
railroad office where, besides the work 
involved in his duties, he continued the 
study of mathematics, specializing in that 
branch of the science which bears directly 
on civil engineering. His character was 
of the type with which New England has 
made us familiar; determined to advance, 
he perfected himself sufficiently in the 
study of mathematics to qualify as a sur- 






■nil M II I llllllllillllllllllllllllll 

^rr^ /■ ^ -^xAjyruo/C<yyi^ 


veyor. In this capacity he went West 
and worked for a considerable time in 
Texas. On his return to Massachusetts, 
he settled for a time in Lawrence, where 
he was engaged in the carding and 
mechanical engineering department of the 
Pacific Mills. 

It was around this period that there 
occurred in the East what was known as 
the "Westward Movement," and this Mr. 
Brayton joined, in association with his 
brother, Israel Perry Brayton, establish- 
ing himself in Chicago, and engaging in 
the grain and commission business on the 
Chicago Broad of Trade. This business 
was afterward transferred to New York 
and was carried on in connection with the 
Produce Exchange there. Mr. Brayton 
spent nearly twenty-five years in Chicago 
and New York, and in 1872 returned to 
Massachusetts, where he remained until 
the close of his life. In the industrial, 
financial and business life of Fall River 
from 1872 onward, he played a vital and 
influential part. He was vice-president of 
the First National Bank of Fall River, in 
which institution he also held the office 
of cashier. A number of years later, upon 
the failure of the Sagamore Mills, he was 
appointed one of the trustees in charge 
of that property, and took an active and 
important part in the settlement of the 
affairs of this concern. Upon its reorgani- 
zation as the Sagamore Manufacturing 
Company, he was elected treasurer and a 
member of the board of directors. These 
two offices he continued to hold until his 
death, and the large growth of the busi- 
ness was due in no small measure to his 
capable management. In addition to his 
heavy interests and responsibilities in the 
Sagamore Manufacturing Company, he 
was also prominently identified with the 
Durfee Mills, of which he was president 
and a member of the board of directors. 
Mr. Brayton was regarded by his asso- 

ciates in Fall River, and throughout the 
milling industry in Rhode Island and 
Massachusetts, as one of the most suc- 
cessful mill operators of this section of 
New England. During the period of his 
management the Sagamore Manufactur- 
ing Company did a most extraordinary 
business, and established a record that 
has not been surpassed. His great suc- 
cess in large affairs was undoubtedly due 
to the fact that he found the keenest 
pleasure in business combinations and 
organization, and he was in a great 
measure a prototype of the great captains 
of industry of to-day. His conception of 
mill operations was intensive in charac- 
ter, and he carried the efficiency of his 
mills to a high point, keeping equipments 
and conditions up to the very latest and 
most modern standards. He possessed 
the gift of mechanical genius, which com- 
bined with a thorough knowledge of 
every phase of the business in which he 
engaged, and executive and organizing 
ability of the first order, made him one 
of the ablest mill men in New England in 
the latter decades of the nineteenth cen- 
tury. He rarely made an error of judg- 
ment, and his advice consequently was 
much sought in financial matters. i\t the 
time that he assumed charge of the Saga- 
more Manufacturing Company, one mill 
was in operation and the foundation of a 
stone mill had been laid. The results 
were quickly discernible, and one after 
another he erected the requisite buildings. 
]\Ir. Brayton was succeeded in the office 
of treasurer by his son, William Lawton 
Slade Brayton, who had previously 
engaged in business as a cotton broker. 
Hezekiah A. Brayton was deeply inter- 
ested in the welfare of the city of Fall 
River, and devoted much time to work in 
its behalf. He possessed great faith in 
the future of the city, and did all he could 
to improve its fortune. He was always 



conceiving new combinations in the busi- 
ness world, and was ever ready to aid in 
the development of new and promising 
enterprises. There can be no doubt that 
the present great prosperity of the city 
owes much to his judgment and foresight, 
his energy and enthusiasm, which were 
contagious. It is interesting to note that 
the last cotton corporation formed in Fall 
River prior to his death had his backing, 
and that he was a large subscriber to its 

The death of Mr. Brayton occurred at 
his home on North Main street. Fall 
River, March 24, 1908, in his seventy- 
sixth year. The board of directors of 
the Sagamore Manufacturing Company 
passed the following resolutions to his 
memory at the meeting convened the day 
after his death : 

Hezekiah A. Brayton, treasurer of this corpora- 
tion since the 6th day of November, 1879, died 
after a short illness, on the twenty-fourth day of 
March, 1908, in the seventy-sixth year of his age. 
The ability and signal success with which he man- 
aged the affairs of this corporation are recognized 
by every one familiar with it, and by the commu- 
nity-at-large. His personality dominated the en- 
tire organization and impressed upon it his own 
belief in honest work and fidelity to every-day 
duty. It was his pride to make good, and to keep 
his word absolutely. A contract was to him a 
matter of personal honor, as well as of dollars 
and cents. He was a man of strong and unique 
individuality, direct and straightforward in his 
dealings, frank of speech, absolutely honest and 
with a rare touch of humor. As the years passed, 
he acquired in an extraordinary and ever increas- 
ing degree the confidence of those who associated 
and dealt with him. He was fortunate in his life, 
and he died at the height of his success, before 
age had dulled his interest or impaired his men- 
tal vigor. His death is a serious loss to this cor- 
poration, and to us, his associates. 

Mr. Brayton married, March 25, il 
Caroline Elizabeth Slade, of Somerset, 
Massachusetts, a daughter of the late 
Hon. William Lawton and Mary (Sher- 
man) Slade. Mrs. Brayton survives her 

husband and resides at the Brayton home 
in Fall River. (See Slade VII). Mr. and 
Mrs. Brayton were the parents of the fol- 
lowing children: i. Caroline Slade, born 
March 10, 1869, in New York City ; re- 
sides in Fall River, Massachusetts. 2. 
x\bby Slade, born November 10, 1870, in 
New York City ; married Randall Nelson 
Durfee, of Fall River, and they are the 
parents of four children : Randall Nel- 
son, Jr., born March 13, 1897; Bradford 
Chaloner, born August 12, 1900; Caroline, 
born March 12, 1904; Mary Brayton, born 
March 4, 1909. 3. William Lawton Slade, 
born November 13, 1873, in New York 
City ; now treasurer of the Sagamore 
Manufacturing Company, in which office 
he succeeded his father; he married, June 

18, 1903, Mary Easton Ashley, daughter 
of Stephen B. and Harriet Remington 
(Davol) Ashley, of Fall River; their chil- 
dren are : Lawton Slade, born June 20, 
1904; Lincoln Davol, born October 20, 
1905; Constance, born March 22, 1907; 
Ruth Sherman, born April 17, 1908; Perry 
Ashley, born May 25, 1910; Mary Eliza- 
beth, born June 11, 1912; Richard An- 
thony, born June 19, 1913; Harriet, born 
December 26, 1916 ; Sherman, born July 

19, 1919. 4. Israel, born August 5, 1874, 
in Fall River ; is now a member of the 
law firm of Wood & Brayton ; married 
Ethel Moison Chace, of Fall River, and 
they are the parents of three children: 
Charlotte, born March 24, 1913; Philip 
Sherman, born December 3, 1914; Ros- 
well, born April 14, 1917. 5. Mary Dur- 
fee, born May i, 1877, died March 18, 
1S89. 6. Stanley, born March 20, 1879, 
died June 29, 1902, in Caux, Switzerland. 
7. Arthur Perry, mentioned below. 8. 
Margaret Lee, born December 14, 1883. 
9. Dorothy, born December 19, 1885 ; mar- 
ried, February 23, 1916, Dr. William Rus- 
sell MacAusland, of Boston, Massachu- 
setts ; they are the parents of three chil- 











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dren : Dorothy, born April i6, 1917; 
Donald, born June 17, 1918; and a son, 
born May, 1920. 10. Katharine, born De- 
cember 16, 1887; married Andrew Roy 
MacAusland, June 2, 1920, and has a 
daughter, Katharine. 

Mr. Brayton was no less happy in his 
domestic relations than in his business. 
His home was always the abode of hos- 
pitality, and expressed in its appearance 
the culture and refinement of its dwellers. 
He was a devoted husband and father, 
and the same characteristics which made 
him so popular among his friends kept his 
household in an ever cheerful state. 

(VIII) Arthur Perry Brayton, son of 
the late Hezekiah A. and Caroline E. 
(Slade) Brayton, and the descendant of 
s veral of the oldest and most influential 
families of Massachusetts and Rhode 
Island, was born in Fall River, Massa- 
chusetts, May 25, 1881. He was educated 
in the B. M. C. Durfee High School, and 
later attended the Hotchkiss School in 
Lakeville, Connecticut. On completing 
his studies he engaged in business pur- 
suits in Fall River, and devoted his atten- 
tion to the management of the Durfee 
farm in South Somerset, of which he was 
owner. In connection with the Durfee 
farm he conducted a highly successful 
dairy business. Following the entry of 
the United States into the war, and up to 
the time of his death, he served the gov- 
ernment in an ofificial capacity in the 
training of women for agricultural work, 
and employed many on his farm in Som- 
erset. He also supplied farmerettes to 
the neighboring farmers. An able busi- 
ness man and an active worker in charita- 
ble and religious fields, he had crowded 
into his comparatively brief span of years 
a wide range of interests which but sel- 
dom characterizes the man who has 
attained three score and ten. Business 
was not his field — he was successful in 

the ventures which he entered, a keen, 
sagacious investor, and an able manager, 
yet he resented the demands which large 
affairs almost invariably make to the ex- 
clusion of other interests. He was a man 
of broad-minded tolerance, a keen ob- 
server, widely travelled, who had weighed 
the frenzied rush and specialized effort of 
commercialism against the well-ordered, 
well-rounded life of the man who engages 
in many pursuits, and finds the zest of 
life in widely diversified channels. 

A sincere desire to be of aid to human- 
ity, to do the greatest good for the great- 
est number, inspired the entire career of 
Arthur P. Brayton. In 1896 he became a 
member of the First Congregational 
Church, and until his death maintained an 
active interest in the church and Sunday 
school. For many years he was clerk of 
the church, president of the Young Peo- 
ple's Society, and librarian of the Sunday 
school. He was also one of the founders 
of the Adams and Junior Adams clubs, 
church societies for men. He was promi- 
nently identified with many church organ- 
izations, and for many years was treas- 
urer of the Seaside Home. His gifts to 
charitable causes were large, and no rea- 
sonable appeal to him was ever refused. 
He gave impulsively, and for this reason 
the actual extent of his gifts to charities 
and philanthropic causes never became 
known. He was a man well loved by 
hundreds, for he had the social instinct, 
the gift of making and holding a friend- 
ship, an earnest sincerity and warmth 
which drew men to him instantly. Mr. 
Brayton was a favorite in club circles. He 
was a member of the Quequechan Club, 
the Fall River Country Club, and numer- 
ous business organizations. Yachting 
was his favorite sport, and he was the 
owner at different times of several yachts 
and speed boats. As commodore of the 
Fall River Yacht Club for several years. 



he did much to promote its interests. He 
was also president of the Narragansett 
Bay Yacht Racing Association from Feb- 
ruary 14, 1917, until his death. 

Mr. Brayton was unmarried. His death 
in Fall River, Massachusetts, October 14, 
1918, was the cause of sincere and wide- 
spread grief. 

(The Coggeshall Line). 

The early Coggeshalls formed one of 
the wealthiest and most prominent of the 
families of Rhode Island. John Cogges- 
hall, the progenitor of the family in 
America, was born in the year 1599, in 
Essex, England. The family, which had 
been established there for centuries, was 
of Norman origin and possessed large 
estates in Essex and Suffolk, including 
the manor of Little Coggeshall, and Cod- 
ham Hall, Wethersfield, in the vicinity 
of Coggeshall-on-the-Blackwater. The 
oldest Coggeshall families followed the 
usages of the Normans, writing the name 
de Coggeshall, as Thomas de Coggeshall, 
who was the owner of the above-named 
vast estates in the reign of King Stephen 
of Blois, grandson of the Conqueror, 
1135-1154. Five of the family, several of 
whom were knights, were sheriffs of 
Essex, which until 1556 included Hert- 
fordshire. Coggeshall, the most famous 
of the Cistercian Order, was built by 
King Stephen in 1142, and endowed by 
his queen, Matilda, of Boulogne, and his 
son Eustace, with their lands in France. 

(I) John Coggeshall, immigrant ances- 
tor and founder of the Coggeshall family 
in America, arrived in Boston on the ship 
"Lyon," September 16, 1632, and settled 
eventually in Newport, Rhode Island, 
where he died. He settled first in Rox- 
bury, Massachusetts, removing in the 
spring of 1634 to Boston, where he held 
many important offices in church and 
State. "On the nth of Sept., 1634, he 

appears as one of the first Board of 
Selectmen of Boston, together with Win- 
throp, Coddington, Underbill, Oliver, etc., 
g^^ * * * ^^ ^}^g j^j.g^ General Court 

of Massachusetts, that of May 14, 1634, 
he heads the list of deputies from Boston, 
who were John Coggeshall, Edmund 
Quincy and John Underbill." On the 
banishment of the celebrated Ann Hutch- 
inson, Coggeshall, who was one of the 
most staunch supporters and defenders, 
was removed from office and compelled to 
depart — 1637-38. Eighteen men, includ- 
ing William Coddington, John Clarke, the 
Hutchinson family and himself, by the 
advice of Roger Williams, who was 
already in Providence, now purchased the 
Island of Aquidneck from the Narragan- 
sett sachems, and there a civil organiza- 
tion was effected based upon the principle 
of religious liberty. They laid the founda- 
tions first of the little town of Ports- 
mouth, near the north end of the island. 
This little colony grew so rapidly that 
enlargement soon became necessary, and 
a settlement was made on the south end 
of the island which resulted in the found- 
ing of Newport. In 1647 Coggeshall was 
elected president of Rhode Island, with 
Roger Williams as assistant for Provi- 
dence, William Coddington for Newport, 
and Randall Holden for Warwick. John 
Coggeshall assisted in the founding of 
two cities, two States, and two separate 
and independent governments. He died 
in office, November 27, 1647, aged about 
fifty-six years, and was buried upon his 
estate in Newport. Here also lies his 
wife Mary, who survived him thirty- 
seven years, dying December 19, 1684, 
aged eighty-seven years. John Cogges- 
hall, Jr., who succeeded to his father's 
estate, and filled various important offices 
in the colony for more than forty years, 
is also buried here, as are Abraham Red- 
wood, founder of the Redwood Library, 



and his wife, Martha (Coggeshall) Red- 
wood ; William Ellery, signer of the Dec- 
laration of Independence. Over the grave 
of the first president of the Rhode Island 
Colony has been erected a granite obelisk. 
The name of John Coggeshall, with the 
date of his presidency, may be seen in one 
of the memorial windows of the Metro- 
politan Methodist Episcopal Church, 
Washington, D. C. 

(II) Major John (2) Coggeshall, son 
of John (i) Coggeshall, was born in Eng- 
land in 1618, the eldest son. He was 
fourteen years old at the time of the 
arrival of the family in America in 1632. 
Upon the death of his father, in 1647, he 
came into possession of his large estate. 
Major John Coggeshall was long and 
often in office, for nearly half a century 
exhibiting eminent executive ability. He 
was commissioner of Newport, upon the 
union of the four towns and reorganiza- 
tion of the government, August 31, 1654, 
also at the last election under the old 
charter, May 22, 1663. He was one of 
the original grantees of the royal charter 
of 1663, and at the first general election 
under the charter. May 4, 1664, he was 
elected one of the five assistants, with 
Governor Benedict Arnold and Deputy 
Governor William Brenton ; also in 1665, 
1670, 1671, 1674, 1676, he held the same 
ofifice. He was treasurer of the colony in 

1664, 1665, 1666, 1683, 1684, 1686; and 
was deputy for Newport, October 25, 

1665. In 1684 he was chosen major-gen- 
eral for the forces of the island. He was 
deputy governor in 1686, and in several 
elections was proposed for governor, but 
declined to serve. But few men of the 
time exerted greater influence or rendered 
the colony such faithful service. 

(III) Content Coggeshall, daughter of 
Major John (2) and Elizabeth (Baul- 
s*one) Coggeshall, married, in Ports- 
mouth, Rhode Island, Preserved Brayton. 

(See Brayton III). She died in Swansea, 
Massachusetts, in 1759. 

(The Luther Line). 

The name of Luther has been perpetu- 
ated forever in the minds of mankind 
since the age when the greatest of its 
bearers, Martin Luther, the leader of the 
Reformation, originated his earth-shak- 
ing doctrines. Martin Luther was born 
in Eisleben, Prussian Saxony, November 
10, 1483. The events which led up to the 
publication of his famed ninety-five 
theses are historical, and these were fol- 
lowed by his excommunication from the 
Church of Rome in 1520; the translation 
of the New Testament, which perma- 
nently established the literary language 
of Germany, was published in March, 
1522, and his first hymn-book was printed 
in 1524, the whole number of his works 
being sixty-seven volumes. In 1525 Lu- 
ther married Catherine von Bora. It is 
a deplorable circumstance that the his- 
tory of his posterity should have been 
allowed to sink into oblivion. Students 
of the family history claim descent from 
the brother of Martin Luther for the 
American family of the name. 

Johannes Luther, brother of Martin 
Luther, was born in Eisleben, and spent 
his life there. His descendants in the 
third or fourth generation emigrated to 
Holland, whence a century later some of 
them removed to Sussex, England, among 
them one Wilhelm Luther, who attain?id 
the venerable age of one hundred and 
eight years. After the settlement in Eng- 
land, some branches of the family 
amassed great wealth, and became the 
owners of extensive landed estates. The 
family was known in local parlance as 
Luton, but in all legal papers the name 
was spelled Luther, and it is under this 
form that it is found in early American 



The surname Luther was originally de- 
rived from two sources, one local and the 
other baptizmal. The first source was 
the place name, signifying literally "of 
Luther" or "Lowther," the second, the 
font name, signifying "the son of Lothar." 
The name never became popularized in 
England under its German form, but 
came into use in the Italian form, Lo- 
thario, and the French, Loathaire. 

The founding of the Luther family in 
America occurred but fifteen years after 
the coming of the "Mayflower." Through 
the progenitor, Captain John Luther, and 
his sons, Samuel and Hezekiah Luther, 
have descended all of the name whose 
lineage is traced to the early decades of 
our history. The family first had its seat 
in the town of Rehoboth in the Massa- 
chusetts Bay Colony, whence it spread 
throughout New England. 

(I) Captain John Luther, the founder, 
was born in Shrewsbury, England. There 
has been a difference of opinion as to the 
place of his birth, the late Rev. Mr. Root, 
of Providence, genealogist, stating that 
Captain Luther was a native of Germany, 
whence he emigrated to New England in 
1635. No proof, however, has been found 
to substantiate the theory. John Luther 
is first of record in Boston in 1635, having 
sailed in the same year from Great Can- 
ford, County Dorset, England. In 1637 
he was one of the first purchasers and 
settlers of Swansea, Massachusetts, and 
his ninety acres of land are said to have 
been purchased from the Indians for a 
peck of white beans. It is quite possible 
that the land was assigned by the colo- 
nial authorities, and the peck of beans 
quieted any claim of the Indians. In the 
same year he was one of the first forty- 
six purchasers of land in Taunton, Mas- 
sachusetts, but in 1642 he disposed of his 
lands there and became one of the origi- 
nal settlers of Gloucester. He was a mas- 

ter mariner, and was employed by the 
merchants of Boston as captain of a ves- 
sel to go to Delaware bay on a trading 
voyage. He was killed there by Indians 
in 1644. It is thought that his son, John 
Luther, Jr., was captured at the time of 
his father's death, for on May 2, 1646, the 
General Court of Massachusetts awarded 
to the Widow Luther the balance of her 
husband's wages, according to sea cus- 
tom, ruling that the merchants should 
retain the sum paid to the Indians for the 
redemption of her son. Although early 
records mention only two sons of Captain 
John Luther, genealogists incline to the 
theory that he must have had a son con- 
siderably older than Samuel and Heze- 
kiah Luther, who were eight and four 
years old respectively at the time of their 
father's death. It is probable that the 
John Luther, of Attleboro, Massachu- 
setts, in 1658, who sold land to Samuel 
Millitt, and in 1667, with Millitt and sev- 
eral others, was one of the purchasers of 
Swansea, and captain of militia there in 
1682, was the elder son of the progenitor. 

Children of Captain John Luther: i 
John, of Attleboro and Swansea. 2. Sam- 
uel, born in Taunton, Massachusetts, in 
1636, died December 20, 1716; of Reho- 
both ; on October 19, 1672, he made a 
claim or demand for his father's purchase 
in Taunton. Samuel Luther succeeded 
Rev. John Miles as elder of the Baptist 
church of Swansea, in 1685, two years 
after the latter's death. He is referred to 
as Rev. Captain Samuel Luther, which 
would indicate military rank. He con- 
tinued at the head of the Swansea Church 
for thirty-two years, and was buried in 
the Kickemuit Cemetery in what is 
now Warren, Rhode Island. 3. Hezekiah, 
mentioned below. 

(II) Hezekiah Luther, son of Captain 
John Luther, was probably born in Taun- 
ton, Massachusetts, in 1640. He and his 



brother, Samuel, were among the first 
settlers of Swansea, Alassachusetts, and 
many of his descendants lived in that 
town, in the adjoining town of Rehoboth, 
and in various parts of Rhode Island. 
Hezekiah Luther was a carpenter by 
trade. He married (first) in Dorchester, 
Massachusetts, November 30, 1661, Eliz- 
abeth ; (second) Sarah Butter- 
worth, who died August 22, 1722. He 
died in Swansea, July 23, 1723. 

(III) Lieutenant Hezekiah (2) Luther, 
son of Hezekiah (i) and Sarah (Butter- 
worth) Luther, was born in Swansea, 
Massachusetts, August 27, 1676, and died 
there October 27, 1763. In 1723 he was 
chosen town clerk, and filled the office 
continuously throughout the long period 
until 1761. He also held the rank of lieu- 
tenant in the local militia. In March, 
1704, he married Martha Gardner, who 
died November 2, 1763. (See Gardner 
IV). They were the parents of Martha, 
mentioned below. 

(IV) Martha Luther, daughter of Lieu- 
tenant Hezekiah (2) and Martha (Gard- 
ner) Luther, was born November 28, 
1721, died November 7, 1796. She mar- 
ried Benjamin Anthony, son of William 
and Mary (Coggeshall) Anthony, (See 
Anthony VI). 

(The Gardner Line). 

The Gardners were among the earliest 
settlers of New England, and take promi- 
nent rank among the notable Colonial 
families of this historic section of the 
country. Richard Gardner, a seaman, 
came in the "Mayflower," but returned to 
his native land ; Thomas Gardner, a 
native of Weymouth, in Dorsetshire, 
where the family had flourished for three 
centuries, came in 1624 with Rev. John 
White and other companies, and settled 
at Cape Ann, where he was overseer of 
the plantation. These are but two of the 

many representatives of this notable 
name who before 1700 were represented 
in the New World colonies by prominent 
and influential members of communities 
in which they had taken up residence. 

The surname Gardner is placed by the 
authority, Charles Wareing Bardsley, M. 
A., in the occupative class to which the 
masculine ending "er," denoting occupa- 
tion or profession, properly assigns it. 
Another authority states that the name 
is Saxon in origin, derived from two 
Saxon words, the first gar, signifying a 
weapon, dart, javelin, etc., and the second 
syllable, dyn, indicating a sound, noise, or 
alarm. The "er" ending is declared to 
denote merely the habitation of a speci- 
fied place. Among the knights who 
accompanied the Conqueror to England 
was one des Jardines. This name trans- 
lated literally means "of the gardens," is 
of local derivation, and is not to be con- 
fused with Gardner. 

Arms — Or, a griffin passant azure, on a chief 
sable three pheons argent. 

Crest — A griffin's head couped or, gorged with 
a chaplet vert between two wings azure. 

(I) Thomas Gardner, immigrant ances- 
tor and progenitor, was a native of Dor- 
setshire, England, and his migration to 
the New World was made in association 
with one of the most famous colonization 
movements for which the century was 
notable. He was a member of the his- 
toric "Dorchester Company" and came 
with the members of that expedition in 
the vessel chartered for their use in com- 
pany with the Rev. John White and 
others in 1624. Fourteen colonists were 
landed at Cape Ann, and among these 
was the pioneer, Thomas Gardner. He 
was a man so well endowed mentally and 
so highly esteemed by the company that 
he was placed in leadership over the pio- 
neer enterprise, and after making the 
landing, he began at once to oversee the 



planting of the new settlement. The 
hardships of life at Cape Ann were too 
great to be overcome, and in 1626 the 
colony was moved to Naumkeag, and a 
settlement was made there and called 
"Salem." Thomas Gardner became a 
freeman, and continued prominent in the 
affairs of the community until his death, 
having several grants of land in Salem 
and also at Danvers. He died in 1635. 
Thomas Gardner brought with him from 
England his son, Thomas, mentioned be- 

(II) Thomas (2) Gardner, son of 
Thomas (i) Gardner, came to America 
with his father in 1624, and removed with 
him to Salem in 1626. He became a free- 
man, March 17, 1637, and in the same 
year was appointed one of the "Twelve 
Men," of the town. On July 26, 1637, he 
was elected to represent Salem in the 
Massachusetts General Court. He also 
served as juror, was overseer of high- 
ways, 1638; town surveyor and "cunsta- 
ble," 1639; and in later years appears to 
have been chosen to fill almost every one 
of the principal offices in the town. He 
was owner of a bull, and in 1640 "was 
given XX's for its use in the herd of the 
season." He was known as "The Planter" 
and had large grants of land made to him 
in Salem. His will was dated 7th, 10, 
1668, and was probated March 29, 1675 ; 
his widow Damaris was bequeathed the 
estate she brought him and a yearly in- 
come of eight pounds ; to his daughter, 
Sarah Balch, he bequeathed fifteen 
pounds ; to his daughter, Seeth Grafton, 
he gave fifteen pounds ; and the balance 
of his estate was distributed among his 
other sons and daughters, as well as his 
grandchildren. He died October 29, 1674, 
and was buried in the Gardner burying 
ground. He married (first) Margaret 
Fryer or Friar. He married (second) 
Damaris Shattuck. a widow with several 

children, who died September 28, 1675. 
Issue (by first wife) among others: Sam- 
uel Gardner, mentioned below. 

(III) Samuel Gardner, son of Thomas 
(2) Gardner, was probably born in 
County Dorset, England, as indicated by 
sworn statements in various affidavits on 
file. His public service in the colonies 
was rendered as town surveyor, begin- 
ning on March 7, 1667, to lay out the 
Salem-Lynn boundary, and a heap of 
stones is still pointed out as place where 
he located an angle. On February 23, 
1673, he laid the bounds for Reading and 
Salem ; September 12, 1673, he was ap- 
pointed "to lay out the Comon Lieng 
nere Beverly;" and June i, 1677, was 
named to lay the bounds between Ips- 
wich and Manchester ; and between 
Salem and Marblehead on March 27, 

1679. He was appointed appraiser of 
estates in 1665 ; served on juries fre- 
quently, 1661-1679; made coroner, 1686; 
constable, 1671 ; appointed selectman of 
Salem, March 12, 1677; chosen deputy to 
the General Court, representing Boston, 
May II, 1681 ; admitted a freeman on 
May 12, 1675 ; commissioner, June 27, 

1680, and was licensed as "innholder," No- 
vember 30, 1687 ; owned much land in 
Salem. Samuel Gardner died about Octo- 
ber, 1689. 

Samuel Gardner married (first) Mary 
White, daughter of John and Elizabeth 
White; she died July 12, 1675. He mar- 
ried (second), August 2, 1680, Widow 
Elizabeth Paine. Issue (by second wife) : 
Martha, mentioned below. 

(IV) Martha Gardner, daughter of 
Samuel and Elizabeth (Paine) Gardner, 
was born November 16, 1686, and died 
November 2, 1763. She married, in Taun- 
ton, Massachusetts, March 2^^, 1704, 
Hezekiah Luther, son of Hezekiah and 
Sarah (Butterworth) Luther, who was 
born in Swansea, Massachusetts, August 



27, 1676, and died there October 27, 1763. 
They had issue twelve children, among 
them Martha Luther, who became the 
wife of Benjamin Anthony. (See Luther 
and Anthony). 

(The Wheeler Line). 

Historically, the name of Wheeler 
found its rise during the Saxon ascend- 
ency in England ; as early as the eighth 
century, a chieftain of the Saxons is dis- 
covered named "Wielher," and the pro- 
gressive changes in the name thereafter 
proceeded steadily onward until the Nor- 
man Conquest, at which period, when the 
Domesday Book was made, one Weleret 
is cited as the possessor of land at that 
time. Later, in 1273, Hugh Le Welere 
is cited in the Hundred Rolls, and Rich- 
ard le Whelere appears on the Close 
Rolls in 1348. Of the origin and meaning 
of the name, search must be conducted in 
the age of the Saxons ; its early Saxon 
spelling was "Wielher," and represented 
evidently a combination of two Anglo- 
Saxon words ; the first syllable derived 
from "wel" or "wiel," signified prosper- 
ous or fortunate, whence the modern 
words "weal" and "wealth" may be 
traced ; the last syllable, derived from the 
Saxon "hari" or "heri" signified a warrior, 
from which root is also traceable the 
modern '"hero." Thus the name of 
Wheeler represents the ancient "Weal- 
hero" or "Welhari," that is, "the lucky 
warrior" or "the prosperous hero." 
Precedent forms to that of Wheeler were 
Wheler and Whaler, and in the Colonial 
records, the family name was rendered in 
such variety as Whelor, Wheelar, Wheel- 
er, Wheler, Whaler, Whealer, Whealor 
and Wheller. 

Arms — Or, a chevron between three leopards' 
faces sable. 

Crest — On a ducal coronet or, an eagle displayed 

Families bearing the surname of 
Wheeler were long of aristocratic stand- 
ing in England ; a line of noblemen ex- 
isted in that kingdom in uninterrupted 
descent for over four hundred years, and 
during the reign of King Charles II., Sir 
Charles Wheeler, noted English admiral, 
for his gallant services was given a grant 
of land by the crown in America ; he was 
also appointed captain-general of the 
"Caribee Islands," and in 1693 was in 
command of the English fleet which then 
went to Boston. Several of the Wheeler 
surname came almost coincidently to 
America, and traditionally it is claimed 
that they were all nearly connected and 
members of a distinguished and ancient 
family in England, of which Sir Francis 
Wheeler was a member, and were doubt- 
less attracted to the New World settle- 
ments by their kinsman's connection 

Among the most notable of all the set- 
tlers of the name of Wheeler who came 
to America was John Wheeler, the 
founder, ancestor of the line of Wheeler 
hereinafter traced. 

(I) John Wheeler, the founder of the 
family in America, was, according to re- 
puted authority, born in Salisbury, Wilt- 
shire, England, and was of a family long 
resident in that locality. Previous to his 
departure from England he had married. 
On March 24, 1633-34, he sailed for the 
Massachusetts Bay Colony on the ship 
"Mary and John," bringing with him his 
wife, Ann, and six of his children, but 
leaving in his native land four of his sons. 
The first settlement of John Wheeler in 
America was made in Agawam (later 
Ipswich), in the Massachusetts Bay 
Colony ; there he resided for about a year, 
and thence removed to the north bank of 
the Merrimac river, at the place which 
was called Salisbury after 1640. The 
influence of the founder, Wheeler, may 



be traced in the selection of the name 
Salisbury (being that of his English 
birthplace) for the New World township. 
He was one of the original proprietors ; 
he received a tract of land there in 1641, 
and although he removed to Newbury 
before 1650, held and paid taxes on his 
allotment in Salisbury as late as 1652. 
After establishing himself in Newbury, 
John Wheeler did not again remove, but 
remained at that place until his death. 

He died in Newbury, Massachusetts, 
August 29, 1670. He married, in Eng- 
land, Ann , who died August 15, 

1662. Issue (among others), his eldest 
son, Henry, mentioned below. 

(II) Henry Wheeler, son of John and 
Ann Wheeler, was born in England. He 
was a resident of Salisbury, Massachu- 
setts, where he joined the church, August 
26, 1694. His wife Abigail was admitted 
to membership in the same church in 
1687. Henry Wheeler died before 1696. 
He married, about 1658, Abigail Allen, 
born in Salisbury, January 4, 1639-40, 
daughter of William and Ann (Goodale) 
Allen. Issue twelve children, of whom 
the sixth was James, mentioned below. 

(HI) James Wheeler, son of Henry 
and Abigail (Allen) Wheeler, was born 
in Salisbury, Massachusetts, May 27, 
1667. He removed to Rehoboth, Massa- 
chusetts, where all his children, with the 
exception of Mary, were born. He died 
in Rehoboth, in April, 1753. He was 
domiciled in Swansea in 1738. He mar- 
ried (first) Grizzell Squire, daughter of 
Philip and Rachel (Ruggles) Squire. He 
married (second), October 2, 1738, Eliza- 
beth Brintnal, of Norton. Issue seven 
children, of whom the third was James, 
mentioned below. 

(IV) James (2) Wheeler, son of James 
(i) and Grizzell (Squire) Wheeler, was 
born in Rehoboth, Massachusetts, March 
27, 1697, and he died at that place, April 

23, 1740. He married, March 8, 1716, 
Elizabeth West, born in Rehoboth, No- 
vember 30, 1694, daughter of John and 
Mehitable West, of Swansea. Issue (born 
at Rehoboth) eight children, of whom his 
youngest son was Jeremiah, mentioned 

(V) Jeremiah Wheeler, son of James 
(2) and Elizabeth (West) Wheeler, was 
born in Rehoboth, Massachusetts, March 
23, 1731. He was long a notable resident 
of his native place, and identified in some 
prominence with its affairs. He became 
active early in military organizations of 
the district, and was commissioned sec- 
ond lieutenant of the First Regiment of 
Massachusetts Militia, September 3, 1767. 
He died in Rehoboth, February 26, 181 1. 
He married (first) in Rehoboth, January 
4' 1753' Submit Horton ; she died April 
18, 1778. He married (second) in Brook- 
lyn, Windham county, Connecticut, Octo- 
ber 27, 1778, Elizabeth Troop. Issue ten 
children, the fourth being Submit, men- 
tioned below. 

(VI) Submit Wheeler, daughter of 
Jeremiah and Submit (Horton) Wheeler, 
was born in Rehoboth, Massachusetts. 
February 17, 1760. She married, July 25. 
1779, David Anthony, of Swansea, son of 
Benjamin and Martha (Luther) Anthony. 
Issue ten children, of whom their daugh- 
ter, Keziah Anthony, married Israel (2) 
Brayton. (See Anthony, Luther, Bray- 


This surname is of the baptizmal class, 
signifying literally "the son of An- 
thony ;" the "h" is intrusive. In the thir- 
teenth century the name enjoyed a fair 
degree of popularity in England, as the 
name of the great hermit of the fourth 
century, St. Anthony, later became the 
patron of swineherds. As early as the 



Hundred Rolls the name is found with 
frequency in records and registers. 

Dr. Francis Anthony, progenitor of the 
American Anthonys, was a physician of 
no little note and prominence in London 
toward the close of the sixteenth century. 
His grandson, John Anthony, became the 
founder of the Anthony family in Amer- 
ica, and the head of a house which has 
made a deep mark on the history of 
American affairs. The Anthonys of New 
England are a notable race, and have pro- 
duced in many generations and branches 
men who have been notable leaders in 
almost every walk of life. 

(I) Dr. Francis Anthony, born in Lon- 
don, England, April i6, 1550, is the first 
of the direct line of whom we have 
authentic information. He was a very 
learned physician and chemist. His 
father was an eminent goldsmith in Lon- 
don, and was employed in a post of great 
responsibility in the jewel office during 
the reign of Queen Elizabeth. After re- 
ceiving the early portion of his education 
at home under private tutors, Francis 
Anthony entered Cambridge University, 
about 1569, where he was graduated in 
1574, taking the Master of Arts degree. 
During this time he especially devoted 
himself to the theory and practice of 
chemistry, and continued the study after 
graduation, leaving the University of 
Cambridge at the age of forty years. He 
gave to the world soon afterward a series 
of publications embodying the results of 
his chemical studies. His first treatise, 
appearing in 1698, gave the merits of a 
medicine compounded from the precious 
metal gold. Moving to London, he com- 
menced the practice of medicine without 
license, and six months later was called 
for by the president and censors of the 
College of Physicians, in London, in 1600. 
He was then disbarred from practice, but 
disregarded their injunction, and was 
Mass 11 — 8 I 

fined five pounds and committed to 
prison. A warrant of the lord chief jus- 
tice released him, and he continued prac- 
ticing, regardless of the college authori- 
ties. He performed numerous cures of 
distinguished persons, which brought him 
not a little celebrity. Proceedings were 
again threatened, but not carried through. 
His chief practice grew up in the prescrip- 
tion and sale of his famous secret remedy, 
called "Aurum Potabile," or potable gold, 
which he claimed was a cure for all dis- 
eases. The college regarded him with 
distrust, both because he practiced with- 
out a license, and because he refused to 
make public the formula for his remedy. 
Dr. Anthony's career and the hostility of 
the college to him illustrate the condition 
of the medical profession in the seven- 
teenth century in England, a time of 
great popular ignorance. He gathered a 
considerable fortune from his medicine, 
and is thought to have been a man of con- 
siderable intellectual attainments, excel- 
lent character, and great generosity 
toward the poorer classes. He died at 
the age of seventy-three years, and was 
buried in an aisle of the Church of St. 
Bartholomew the Great, in London, 
where a handsome monument was erected 
with the following remarkable inscription 
to his memory : 

Sacred to the memory of the worthy and learned 

Francis Anthony, Dr. of physick. 
There needs no verse to beautify thy praise 

Or keep in memory thy spotless name ; 
Religion, virtue, and they skill did raise 

A threefold pillar to thy lasting fame. 
Though pois'nous envey ever sought to blame 

Or hide the fruits of they intention; 
Yet shall they commend that high design 
Of purest gold to make a medicine, 

That feel thy help by that thy rare invention. 

Dr. Francis Anthony married twice, the 
second time, Elizabeth Lante, of Trinity, 
Menaries, London, widow of Thomas 
Lante, at the Church of the Savoy, Mid- 



dlesex, September 23, 1609. By his first 
marriage he had children : John, Charles 
Frances. Both sons became physicians, 
Charles settling in Bedford, England. 
The daughter, Frances, married Abraham 
Vicars, of St. Olave, Old Jewry, London, 
April 28, 1608. 

(II) Dr. John Anthony, son of Dr. 
Francis Anthony, was born in England, 
in 1585, and died in 1655. He was gradu- 
ated at Pembroke College with the de- 
gree of Bachelor of Medicine, in 1613, and 
in 1619 took the degree of Doctor of 
Medicine. He was admitted licentiate of 
the College of Physicians of London, in 
1625. He served in the Civil War on the 
parliamentary side, as surgeon to Colonel 
Sandays. He was also an author, issuing 
a devotional work, "The Comfort of the 
Soul, laid down by way of Meditation." 
In the British Museum is a small note 
book bound with the coat-of-arms of 
Charles I, belonging to him. His son. 
John (2), born in Hampstead, England, 
in 1607, was the American immigrant. 

(HI) John. (2) Anthony, son of Dr 
John (i) Anthony, was born in Hamp- 
stead, England, in 1607, and died in 1675. 
He resided for a time in the village of 
Hampstead, near London, England, but 
removed to come to America. He sailed 
for New England in the barque, "Her- 
cules," April 16, 1634. In 1640 he is 
recorded in Portsmouth, Rhode Island, 
where he was made a freeman, "14th 7 
mo., 1640." He was made a corporal of 
the military company, and had land 
assigned to him at the "Wadding river," 
in 1644. He had authority granted to 
him. May 25, 1655, to keep a house of 
entertainment in Portsmouth. John An- 
thony later rose to prominence in the 
affairs of the community, and was ap- 
pointed commissioner in 1661. From 
1666 to 1672 he occupied the post of 
deputy to the General Court. He mar- 

ried Susanna Potter, who died in 1675. 
Their children were: i. John, born in 
1642. 2. Susanna, born in 1644. 3. Eliza- 
beth, born in 1646. 4. Joseph, born in 
1648. 5. Abraham, mentioned below. 

(IV) Abraham Anthony, son of John 
(2) and Susanna (Potter) Anthony, was 
born in Portsmouth, Rhode Island, in 
1650, and died October 10, 1727. He was 
made a freeman in 1672, and was deputy 
much of the time between the years 1703 
and 171 1, being speaker of the House of 
Deputies in 1709-10. Like his father he 
was a prominent figure in the life of early 
Portsmouth. He married, December 26, 
1671, Alice Wardwell, born February 10, 
1650, daughter of William and Alice 
Wardwell. They resided in Portsmouth, 
where his wife died in 1734. Children: 
I. John, born November 7, 1672. 2-3. Sus- 
anna and Mary, twins, born August 29, 
1674. 4. William, mentioned below. 5. 
Susanna, born October 14, 1677. 6-7. 
Mary and Amey, twins, born January 2, 
1680. 8. Abraham, born April 21, 1682. 
9. Thomas, born June 30, 1684. lo-ii. 
Alice and James, twins, born January 22, 
1686. 12. Amey, born June 30, 1688. 13. 
Isaac, born April 10, 1690. 14. Jacob, 
born November 15, 1693. 

(V) William Anthony, son of Abra- 
ham and Alice (Wardwell) Anthony, was 
born October 31, 1675, in Portsmouth, 
Rhode Island, and died December 28, 
1744. He resided during the early part 
of his life in Portsmouth, but later re- 
moved to Swansea, Massachusetts. Wil- 
liam Anthony married, March 14, 1694, 
Mary Coggeshall, who was born Septem- 
ber 18, 1675, daughter of John and Eliza- 
beth (Timberlake) Coggeshall, of Ports- 
mouth. She was a descendant of John 
Coggeshall, founder of the family in 
America, through his son, Major John 
Coggeshall, who married Elizabeth Baul- 
stone, and John, who married Elizabeth 



Timberlake. Children of William and 
Mary (Coggeshall) Anthony: i. Wil- 
liam, born May 14, 1695. 2. Abraham, 
born September 29, 1696. 3. Elizabeth, 
born May 2, 1698. 4. Mary, born Decem- 
ber 8, 1699. 5. John, born September 12, 
1702. 6. Alice, born May 22, 1705. 7- 
Ann, born March 17, 1707. 8-9. John and 
Amy, twins, born November 16, 1709. 
ID. James, born November 9, 1712. 11. 
Job, born April 10, 1714. 12. Benjamin, 
mentioned below^. 13. Daniel, born May 
19, 1720. 

(VI) Benjamin Anthony, son of Wil- 
liam and Mary (Coggeshall) Anthony, 
was born June 10, 1716. He settled on a 
farm in Somerset, Massachusetts. He 
married Martha Luther, daughter of 
Hezekiah and Martha (Gardner) Luther, 
of Swansea, Massachusetts. (See Luther 
IV). Children: i. Aber. 2. Peleg. 3. 
Rufus. 4. Reuben. 5. Hezekiah. 6. 
James. 7. Benjamin. 8. Luther. 9. 
Caleb. 10. Nathan. 11. David, men- 
tioned below. 

(VII) David Anthony, son of Benja- 
min and Martha (Luther) Anthony, was 
born August 3, 1760. He married Submit 
Wheeler, daughter of Jeremiah and Sub- 
mit (Horton) Wheeler, of Rehoboth, 
Massachusetts. (See Wheeler VI). Their 
children were: i. Elizabeth. 2. Nathan. 
3. David. 4. Hezekiah. 5. Elisha. 6. 
Keziah, mentioned below. 7. Submit. 8. 
Benjamin. 9. Mary B. 

(VIII) Keziah Anthony, daughter of 
David and Submit (Wheeler) Anthony, 
was born in 1791, and died October 24, 
1880, aged eighty-nine years. She mar- 
ried, August 19, 1813, Israel Brayton, of 
Somerset, Massachusetts. (See Brayton 

WARDWELL, William 

The watch tower and the watch hill 
were institutions of primary importance 

in the life of early England. Every 
border town of any size and prominence 
kept the "watch and ward," and had its 
guardians of the life and peace of its in- 
habitants. The institution was made 
necessary by an age in which sudden 
warfare, attack, wholesale pillage and 
rapine, were the order of the day, and the 
safety of a town or village depended upon 
the haste with which it could summon 
and prepare its defenders. The incur- 
sions of the wild Scottish tribes of the 
borderland were constant, and it was 
along this boundary line that the "watch 
and ward" flourished until a late date. 
The surname of Wardwell originated in 
this custom. The earliest ancestors of 
the family came into England in the train 
of the Conqueror, and attained great 
prominence under that monarch, receiving 
at his hands great estates under the feudal 
system in Westmoreland. According to 
the custom among the Norman nobles, 
the first ancestor of the family assumed 
the surname of Wardell, or Wardwell, 
from an old watch tower or watch hill 
which stood on his estate on the northern 
borders of Westmoreland. 

William Wardwell, the founder of the 
American family, first appears in the 
American colonies in the year 1634. Since 
that time the family has been prominent 
in life and affairs in New England. From 
the earliest generations, intermarriages 
with the proudest families of New Eng- 
land have been frequent, and the present 
Wardwells count their descent from 
many notable patriots. 

(I) William Wardwell, immigrant an- 
cestor and founder of the American fam- 
ily, was a native of England, whither he 
emigrated to America early in the third 
decade of the seventeenth century, and is 
first of record in the New England colo- 
nies in 1634. In that year his name ap- 
pears on the records of the church at Bos- 



ton. He became a member there on Feb- 
ruary 9, 1634, about a year after his 
arrival in the town. William Wardwell, 
at a later date, was one of those who with 
their families were turned out of the old 
Boston Second Church with Wheel- 
wright, and accompanied him to Exeter, 
New Hampshire, before going to Ipswich, 
Massachusetts, where they finally settled. 
William Wardwell returned to Boston, 
however, where his first wife, Alice 
Wardwell, was buried. He married (sec- 
ond) Elizabeth, widow of John Gillet, or 
Jillett, December 5, 1687. On January 
12, 1643, he and ten others bought of 
Miantonomi for 144 fathoms of wampum, 
the tract of land called Shawomet (War- 
wick). On September 12, 1643, he with 
others of Warwick were notified to appear 
at the General Court at Boston to hear 
complaint of two Indian sachems, Pom- 
ham and Soconocco, as to "some unjust 
and injurious dealing toward them l)y 
yourselves." The Warwick men declined 
to obey the summons, declaring that they 
were legal subjects of the King of Eng- 
land and beyond the limits of the Massa- 
chusetts territory, to whom they would 
acknowledge no subjection. Soldiers 
were soon sent who besieged the settlers 
in a fortified house. In a parley it was not 
said "that they held blasphemous errors 
which they must repent of," or go to Bos- 
ton for trial. On October 5, 1643, Wil- 
liam Wardwell was at Portsmouth, where 
he had a grant of ten acres. On Novem- 
ber 3, of the same year, he was brought 
with others before the court at Boston 
charged with heresy and sedition. They 
were sentenced to be confined during the 
pleasure of the court, and should they 
break jail or preach or speak against 
church or state, on conviction, they 
should die. Wardwell was sent to Water- 
town, but not to prison, and remained at 
large until the following March, when he 

was banished both from Massachusetts 
and Warwick. He thereupon returned to 
Portsmouth. Most of his companions in 
the trial sufifered close imprisonment for 
several months. In 1655 he became a 
freeman, and in 1656-63 was commis- 
sioner. In 1664-65-66-67-69-70-72-73-74- 
75-80-81-82-83-84-86, he served as deputy 
from Portsmouth to the General Assem- 
bly. On April 4, 1676, it was voted "that 
in these troublesome times and straits in 
this colony, this Assembly desiring to 
have the advice and concurrence of the 
most judicious inhabitants if it may be 
had for the good of the whole, do desire 
at their next sitting the company and 
counsel of Mr. Benedict Arnold," and fif- 
teen others, among whom was William 
Wardwell. On May 5, 1680, he was ap- 
pointed as a committee to put the laws 
and acts of the colony "into such a 
method that they may be put in print." 
In 1684 he was chosen assistant, but re- 
fused to accept the office. William Ward- 
well died some time before May, 1693. 
His will, which was dated September 8, 
1692, was proved May 2, 1693. In it he 
mentions his daughter Alice, mentioned 
below. The will was recorded both at 
Portsmouth and Taunton. 

(II) Alice Wardwell, daughter of Wil- 
liam Wardwell, was born February 10, 
1650. On December 26, 1671, she mar- 
ried Abraham Anthony, son of John and 
Susanna (Potter) Anthony. After her 
husband's death, October 10, 1727, she 
removed to the home of her son, William 
Anthony, and remained there until her 
death in 1734. (See Anthony). They 
had issue thirteen children, of whom their 
fourth child, William Anthony, was the 
father of Benjamin Anthony, who mar- 
ried Martha Luther (see Luther), and 
whose youngest child, David Anthony, 
left a daughter, Keziah Anthony, who 
married Israel Brayton. (See Brayton). 




SLADE, Hon. William Lawton 

The following is the heraldic descrip- 
tion of the Slade arms : 

Arms — Per fesse argent and sable a pale coun- 
terchanged, and three horses' heads erased, two 
and one, of the second, a chief ermine. Thereon 
two bombs fired proper. 

Crest — On a mount vert a horse's head erased 
sable, encircled with a chain in form of an arch, 

Motto — Fidus et audax. (Faithful and bold). 

The Slade coat-of-arms as it was origi- 
nally registered during the time of Queen 
Elizabeth was : 

Arms — Argent, three horses' heads sable, a chief 

Crest — A horse's head erased, sable. 

The Slade family of America is de- 
scended from the lineage of that name in 
England, distinguished ancestral lines of 
which are discovered in Cornwall, Salop, 
Dorset, Warwick, Somerset, Derby, 
Huntingdon, Norwich, Oxford, Bedford, 
and other counties. These county fam- 
ilies were all offshoots of the ancient de 
la Slades, mentioned in the Hundred 
Rolls, and the arms borne by nearly all 
the branches display a similarity of em- 
blazonment which indicates their com- 
mon ancestral root. 

The Somersetshire lineage, as well as 
the Bedfordshire and Huntingdonshire 
Slade, bore on their escutcheons : 

Arms — Argent, three horses' heads erased sable, 
and a chief gules. To this was added in the Bed- 
fordshire house a crest. 

Crest — A horse's head erased, sable. 

The Cornwall branch of the Slades bore 
similar arms slightly elaborated but bear- 
ing the same three horses' heads (therein 
termed nags), as follows: 

Arms — Gules, a fesse between three nags' heads 
coupled looking to the dexter, argent and maned 

Crest — A lion guardant, erased, holding three 
ostrich feathers proper. 

The name of Slade itself signifies a 
"small strip of green plain within a wood- 
land ;" it is one of the most ancient of 
surname designations existent in Eng- 
land at the present day, and has under- 
gone but slight differentiation in its 
orthography in the many centuries of its 
history. Upon the ancient records of 
England is found (in addition to the origi- 
nal or parent form of the name, Slade), 
such compounds as Richard dela Wyt- 
slade (of the white-slade) ; Michael de 
Ocslade (the oak-slade) ; William de la 
Morslade (of the Moorland-slade) ; and 
Robert Greneslade (of the green-slade). 

From the Slades of Somersetshire de- 
rive the Slades of New England as well as 
the line of Slade Baronets of England, 
both descending from the ancient Slades 
of that county, who were also very proba- 
ably the ancestors of the Slades of Corn- 
wall and Huntingdon. In County Corn- 
wall, that branch of the lineage held for 
many generations the manor of Treven- 
nen, and they were, states Sir Bernard 
Burke, noted English authority, "a family 
of considerable antiquity and were cer- 
tainly settled at Trevennen in the reign 
of Elizabeth if not at a much earlier date." 
As early as the reign of Richard III ap- 
pears an amusing item in regard to one 
Alianore Slade, of Somerset, who, states 
the chronicle, was then "fine one penny," 
which sum, together with another penny 
fine against another person, formed a 
two-penny total "as the sole receipts of 
the court for that twelve-month." — 

(The Ancient Lineage) 

(I) Nicholas de la Slade, of County 
Somerset, appearing in the Parliamentary 
Writs A. D. 1300. The ancient estates in 
Somerset are indicated by the hamlet or 
district formerly, in olden times, called 
Slade ; thus we read in the Pedes Fimium, 
commonly called "the Feet of Fines," for 



the county of Somerset, of the 31st Henry 
III. (A. D. 1247-8), held at Westminster 
in the. octave of St. John the Baptist, be- 
tween Adam and Geofifrey de Cusington, 
respecting several virgates of land in 
Cusington; that Geoffrey conceded to 
Adam, half a virgate and half an acre of 
land "Whereof two acres and a half lye 
in the tall ground on the Lusbell ;. * * * 
and three * * * in * * * Slade." 

(II) Henry de la Slade, mentioned in 
the Parliamentary Writs A. D. 1327, and 
then of Somersetshire. 

(III) Nicholas (2) Slade, of Cusington, 
County Somerset, living temp. Edward 
III. and Richard II.; married Margareta 
Leetes, daughter of Richard Leetes, of 

(IV) Richard Slade, of Spetchley, Som- 
erset, who dying about 1420, was suc- 
ceeded by : 

(V) Richard (2) Slade, of Bruton, who 
married Agnes . He was suc- 
ceeded by : 

(VI) John Slade, of Spetchley; mar- 
ried Christina Leweston, daughter of 
John Leweston, of a distinguished family 
of Dorset. His monument stands in 
Spetchley Church and shows his arms 
and those of his wife. 

(VII) William Slade, of Bruton and 
Taunton ; married Matilda Slade, daugh- 
ter of Slade, of Taunton. 

(VIII) William (2) Slade, of Somer- 
set and Cornwall, in the Exchequer Depo- 
sitions for Cornwall, in the 31st of Eliza- 
beth's reign, appears a suit by Nicholas 
Cortney against Richard Bennett, John 
Slade and William Slade, upon a plea of 
lands at Tremaynon and Goodorock. 

(IX) Edward Slade, of Somerset, and 
later of Northamptonshire, where he mar- 
ried Alice , who was deceased be- 
fore 1610. 

(X) Edward (2) Slade, of Somerset, 
and later of Penzance, Cornwall, and 

Wales, but who returned to Somerset, 
where he may have married again and 
have been the Edward Slade who, Janu- 
ary 14, 1663, married, at Taunton, Eliza- 
beth Lisant. 

(XI) William (3) Slade, believed to 
have been born in Wales during his par- 
ents' sojourn there, the founder of the 

Through this same ancient line 
branched, it is believed, at some time dur- 
ing its course, the Slades of Dorsetshire 
and of Somersetshire, in the line of the 
Baronets of the name in England at the 
present day. Of the latter Baronet line 
was : 

Sir John Slade, First Baronet, born De- 
cember 31, 1762; entered the military 
service of England as Cornet in the loth 
Hussars, 1780, and served in the Peninsu- 
lar campaign under Sir John Moore, at 
the battle of Corunna, and subsequently 
under Duke of Wellington, from the year 
1809 to 1813 inclusive, when he had com- 
mand of a brigade of cavalry. He was 
twice honored with the thanks of the 
House of Commons. He also received 
the gold medal and one clasp for Corunna 
and Fuentes d'onor, where he had his 
horse shot from under him, and the silver 
war medal with two clasps for Sahagun 
and Busaco. Sir John Slade was a gen- 
eral in the army and a colonel of the Fifth 
Regiment of Dragoon Guards. He was 
one of the equerries to the Duke of Cum- 
berland from the formation of His Royal 
Highness' household in 1800. Created 
Baronet 30th September, 1831. Married 
(first), September 20, 1792, Anna Eliza 
Dawson; married (second), June 17, 1822, 
Matilda Ellen Dawson, daughter of 
James Dawson, of Fork Hill, Armagh, 
from whom have descended : Sir Fred- 
erick William Slade, Second Baronet, 
born January 21, 1801 ; married, Decem- 
ber 23, 1822, Barbara Maria Brown, 






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daughter of Charles Brown, of Mostyn, 
Kiddington. Sir Alfred Frederic Adol- 
phus Slade, Third Baronet, born May 28, 
1834 ; married, September 6, i860, Mary 
Constance Cuthbert, daughter of William 
Cuthbert. Sir Cuthbert Slade, Fourth 
Baronet, born April 10, 1863 ; married, 
December 2, 1896, Kathleen Scovell, 
daughter of Rowland Scovell. Sir Alfred 
Fothringham Slade, Fifth Baronet, born 
January 17, 1898, the present representa- 
tive of the title. 

Still another branch of the family was 
distinguished and anciently landholding 
in Huntingdonshire, where an ancient 
pedigree gives : 

Richard Slade de Huntingdon, Con- 
siliarius ad Legem; married Elizabetha, 
filia Joh'nes Spencer de Patenham in Bed- 
fordshire. Issue: I. Thomas Slade de 
Huntingdon, Consiliariiis ad Legem; mar- 
ried Clayes Bellikin Clamp, uxor ejus. 
Issue : Johanna, filia, oh. s. p.; Anna, 
nupta Ambrosio Mason de Hemingford. 
2. Robertus Slade de Elington, in County 
Huntingdon. 3. Rosa, nupta Thomas 
Spillwater de Leighton. 

The Slades of Somersetshire may 
rightly be considered the most distin- 
guished of the lineage of Slade. They 
were long conspicuous in the affairs of 
the community ; in the parish of Bewdley, 
Samuel Slade was several times mayor of 
the town, and of much interest appears 
an item in the year 1707 regarding the 
charter of the corporation (i. e., borough) 
of Bewdley, where, on discovering the 
charter of James II. to be void (for, states 
the historian, "the bailiff and burgesses 
of Bewdley had surrendered their old 
charter in 1684" * * * as "it is well 
known that Charles II. and James II. 
were very fond of granting new charters 
to such corporations as could be per- 
suaded to surrender their old ones." * * 
* ), it was found that only one "capital 

burgess, Mr. Slade," was alive, who had 
acted under the ancient charter. Among 
ecclesiastics who have derived their line- 
age from this family were William Slade, 
who, preceding the Reformation, was 
"clerke" at the "Chauntrie at Estcoker," 
and later was in receipt of a pension of 
five pounds, and, at a more modern 
period, Rev. James Slade, incumbent of 
Winsford (in the patronage of Emanuel 
College, Cambridge) on the river Ex, 
near Dulverton. There is also found, in 
West Pennard Parish, County Somerset, 
a charity school, endowed by Robert 
Slade, Esq., with "ten pounds per annum 
for teaching ten poor children to read;" 
and among the lists of governors of Bath 
Hospital appears John Slade, Esq., who 
contributed a donation to the hospital. 
Of the church foundation at Bruton, 
Somerset, there are extant two valuations 
of conventual property, the first, the 
Taxatio Pope Nicholas I. of A. D. 1281, 
made for the Crusades, and the second, 
the Valor Ecclesiasticus of the 26th year, 
temp. Henry VIII., in which latter we 
find Giles Slade as the collector of the 
monastery rents. This Giles Slade was of 
Bruton Parish, Somerset, and was buried 
there, January 17, 1562-63. His probable 
son (or near kinsman) was John Slade, 
M. A., Fellow of Magdalen College, Ox- 
ford, who became a Fellow in 1544, and is 
described in the College books as "ecom. 
Somerset." He was Master of Magdalen 
College School (founded in 1519), during 
1548 and 1549, and on September 6, 1550, 
the president and fellows of Magdalen 
granted leave of absence for a half-year to 
Mr. Slade "profecturo ad aperiendum Lu- 
dum gramma ticalem pueris Brutonie." 
Of his further history we learn that in 
1559, he had ceased his connection with 
Magdalen School, and he probably there- 
after became involved in the political 
troubles of the times, for he has been 



identified by some writers as the same 
John Slade who on the 30th of October, 
1583, was executed at Winchester for 
denying the Queen's supremacy. That 
there have been members of the lineage 
prominent also in the ranks of the "dis- 
senters" or "Puritans" is shown by the 
presence of Daniel Slade as elder of 
the "Independent" Church of Bideford 
in 1658. There have been likewise 
many collateral lines established by 
the Slades in Somersetshire. Particu- 
larly is this true of the daughters of the 
name. Katherine Slade, daughter of 
Richard Slade, Esq., of Wotton Hall, 
County Salop, proprietor of that estate, 
united the name in marriage with the 
ancient family of de Botevyle, and left a 
numerous progeny. Elizabeth Slade mar- 
ried Philip Sheldon, of an old county 
family, and through this marriage eventu- 
ally inherited a portion of the ancient 
manor of Spetchley. This manor was, in 
the reign of Edward IV., in the owner- 
ship of "that most renowned father of the 
laws," Sir Thomas Lyttleton (Littleton), 
Knight of the Bath, through whom the 
property passed for several generations 
until the manor and lands were deeded to 
Richard and Katherine Sheldon for 
ninety-nine years at four pounds rent per 
annum, the aforesaid Richard Sheldon 
being a son of Daniel Sheldon, of Spetch- 
ley, living temp. Henry VII., who mar- 
ried Eleanor, daughter and co-heir of 
John Grove, of Fordhall, Warwickshire, 
and had issue: Baldwin, living 1502; and 
Richard, living 1508, who married Kath- 
erine, daughter of Thomas Littleton, and 
sister and heir of William Littleton; the 
said Richard having issue: Jane, who 
married Anthony Atwood, of Park At- 
wood ; Cicily, who married Robert 
Gower; Walter; and Philip, who married 
Elizabeth Slade, of Ruston, County 
Derby. Subsequently, Philip Sheldon 

and his wife Elizabeth (Slade) Sheldon 
removed, to Dorsetshire, where they 
acquired a large estate. The Sheldon 
family was of Royalist sympathies, and 
during the Parliamentary War, one of its 
members was among those who sur- 
rendered to Cromwell at the taking of 

The Somersetshire estates of the Slades 
were large and have a most interesting 
history. Members of the lineage came 
into possession of the ancient manor of 
Murtock, in that township, the identical 
lands which in Saxon times had been held 
by Edith, Queen of Edward the Con- 
fessor ; after the Conquest, King William 
gave the same to his Norman follower, 
Eustace, Earl of Bulloigne, in Picardy, 
from whom it passed to the de Fieules, 
progenitors of the Barons Dacre. In the 
reign of Edward III., the manor was con- 
fiscated to the Crown, and thereafter 
given by the King to William de Monta- 
cute. Earl of Sarum, down through whose 
family line it descended until the attain- 
der of Sir John de Montacute. Once 
more restored to the Crown, it was 
granted to John Beaufort, Marquis of 
Dorset, and thence passed to Henry Staf- 
ford, Duke of Buckingham, who being 
attainted in 1483, the manor again re- 
verted to the Crown. No further kingly 
grants of the manor were made until the 
reign of James I., when that monarch 
presented it in fee to Lord Morly Mont- 
eagle as a reward for his discovery of the 
Gunpowder Plot in 1605. The vicissi- 
tudes in the ownership of the manor at 
last came to an end, when it was divided 
and sold, Henry and John Slade, Esqrs., 
of Ash, acquiring a considerable portion 
of the historic domain, and with that 
family it now rests. A very interesting 
description is given of the old manor 
house on this estate: "The old mansion 
house of the Fieules and Montacutes wa« 







moated round, and the walls embattled 
and crenellated. Its site occupied the 
space of two acres. Nothing remains 
thereof, save a double arched stone porch 
over the moat, which served as the prin- 
cipal entrance. In emptying the moat 
some years ago there were found several 
cannon shot, the offspring probably of 
Cromwell, or some of his coadjutors." 

Still another ancient manor held by the 
Slades was that of North-Petherton, 
originally a possession of the Norman 
family of de Erleigh (de Erleia in the old 
muniments of titles), and later given by 
Edward VI., to John, Duke of Northum- 
berland, and whence, after many changes, 
it passed to the Slade family. Not far 
from this estate is another possession of 
the family, the estate of St. Michael's of 
Michaelchurch, which is mentioned in 
the Domesday Book: "Ansger holds 
Michaelescerce. Alwi held it in the time 
of King Edward, and gelded for half a 
hide. The arable is one carucate. It was 
formerly and is now worth five shillings." 
(Liber Domesday). In process of time, 
the Norman de Erleighs, lords of Pether- 
ton and Durston, incorporated the lands 
with their other possessions, and after 
their enjoyment by the families of St. 
Maur, Bampsylde and Stowell, it passed 
to the Slades. 

The history of these estates strikingly 
illustrates the temporal character of 
power of the early Norman barons ; both 
they and their estates passed away, and 
this is again portrayed by the estate of 
Mansel, long in the Slade family, which, 
according to the records of Somersetshire, 
was for more than twenty generations in 
the hands of the Mansel family, records 
of whom hardly exist, and are now, as 
states an old chronicle, "a. family of ob- 
livion." Among other holdings of the 
Slades are portions of the vast estates of 
the Monastery at South Brent, dispersed 

at the Reformation, the particular part 
held by the Slades having been granted 
to the Duke of Somerset, after whose 
attainder it passed through various hands 
until acquired by the Slades. 

At the present date, the representatives 
in England of the ancient Slade line ably 
support the excellence of their family 
station. Among others may be men- 
tioned Major-General Sir John Ramsay 
Slade, K. C. B., notable in the Diplomatic 
Corps, and commander of the Order of 
St. Maurice and St. Lazare, of Italy, and 
a grand officer of the Order of the Crown 
of Italy. He was a son of the equally 
noted Lieutenant-General Marcus John 
Slade, and was raised to the Baronetcy 
in 1907. Still another well known mem- 
ber of the family was the Rev. George 
Fitzclarence Slade, eleventh son of the 
first Baronet Slade, of Maunsell, whose 
son, Admiral Sir Edmond John Warre 
Slade, was a noted navy officer. The 
Slade arms of the Maunsell line are: 

Arms — Per fesse argent and sable a pale coun- 
terchanged, and three horses' heads erased, two 
and one, of the second, a chief ermine. Thereon 
two bombs fired proper. 

Crest — On a mount vert, a horse's head erased 
sable, encircled with a chain in form of an arch, 

Motto — Fidus et audax. 

(The Family in America). 

(I) William Slade, founder of the fam- 
ily, is said to have been born in Wales, 
and was the son of Edward Slade. The 
family appears to have been but tempo- 
rarily located in Wales. William Slade 
is first of record in Newport, Rhode 
Island, in 1659, when he was admitted a 
freeman of the Colony. He later became 
one of the early settlers of the Shawomet 
purchase, which included that part of 
Swansea, Massachusetts, which became 
the town of Somerset in 1790. As early 
as 1680, when the first record of the 



town begins, Mr. Slade was a resident of 
Swansea, and the meetings of the pro- 
prietors were held at his house after their 
discontinuance at Plymouth, in 1677. He 
was a large landholder, his domain in- 
cluding the ferry across the Taunton 
which has ever been known as Slade's 
Ferry. This ferry remained in possession 
of the family until the river was bridged 
in 1876, at which time it was operated by 
William Lawton and Jonathan Slade. 
William Slade married Sarah Holmes, 
daughter of Rev. Obadiah Holmes, of 
Rehoboth. (See Holmes II), Their chil- 
dren were: i. Mary, born May, 1689. 2. 
William, born in 1692, 3. Edward, men- 
tioned below. 4. Elizabeth, born Decem- 
ber 2, 1695. 5. Hannah, born July 15, 
1697. 6. Martha, born February 27, 1699. 
7. Sarah. 8. Phebe, born September 25, 
1701. 9. Jonathan, born August 3, 1703, 
died aged about eighteen. 10. Lydia, 
born October 8, 1706; through her, Abra- 
ham Lincoln traced descent. 

(II) Edward Slade, son of William 
and Sarah (Holmes) Slade, was born in 
Swansea, Massachusetts, June 14, 1694. 
He was a member of the Society of 
Friends. He married (first), in 1717, 
Elizabeth Anthony, who bore him one 
son, William, born September 25, 1718. 
He married (second), December 6, 1720, 
Phebe Chase, daughter of Samuel and 
Sarah (Sherman) Chase. (See Chase 
IV). He married (third) Deborah Buf- 
fum. The children of the second mar- 
riage were: i. Samuel, mentioned be- 
low. 2. Elizabeth, born April 29, 1723. 
3. Joseph, born November 16, 1724. Chil- 
dren of the third marriage : 4. Edward, 
born November 11, 1728. 5. Philip, born 
April 19, 1730. 6. Phebe, born July 4, 
1737- 7- Mercy, born in 1744. 

(III) Samuel Slade, son of Edward and 
Phebe (Chase) Slade, was born Novem- 
ber 26, 1721, in Swansea, where he lived 

and received from his uncle. Captain Jon- 
athan Slade (who died without issue), 
the ferry previously alluded to as Slade's 
Ferry. Besides conducting the ferry he 
also engaged in agriculture and black- 
smithing. He married Mercy Bufifum, 
daughter of Jonathan and Mercy Buffum, 
born July 3, 1723, in Salem, Massachu- 
setts, died November 18, 1797, in Swan- 
sea. (See Buffum). Children, all born 
in Swansea: i. Jonathan, mentioned be- 
low. 2. Robert, born October 7, 1746. 3. 
Henry, born August 20, 1748. 4. Edward, 
born September 27, 1749. 5. Samuel, 
born January 20, 1753. 6. Caleb, born 
June 24, 1755. 7. Buffum, born May 31, 
1757. 8. William, born October 18, 1759. 
9. Benjamin, born March 14, 1762. 

(IV) Jonathan Slade, son of Samuel 
and Mercy (Buffum) Slade, was born 
August 12, 1744, in Swansea, Massachu- 
setts. He passed his entire life there, 
and died November 16, 181 1. He mar- 
ried Mary Chase, daughter of Daniel and 
Mary Chase, born 15th of 12th month, 
1746, in Swansea, died there September 
7, 1814. Children: i. Jonathan, born 
loth of 2nd month, 1768, died 8th of 12th 
month, 1797. 2. Mercy, born 30th of 6th 
month. 1770. 3. Mary, born 15th of 4th 
month, 1772. 4. Anna, born 20th of 1st 
month, 1775, dis<i ^Qth of 5th month, 
1805. 5. Patience, born 5th of 5th month, 
1777, died 26th of loth month, 1798. 6. 
William, mentioned below. 7. Nathan, 
born loth of 2nd month, 1783. 8. Phebe, 
born 15th of 5th month, 1785. 9. Han- 
nah, born i8th of ist month, 1788, died 
23rd of 5th month, 1805. 10. Lydia, born 
3rd of 4th month, 1791, died 26th of loth 
month, 1804. 

(V) William (2) Slade, son of Jona- 
than and Mary (Chase) Slade, was born 
June 4, 1780, in Swansea, Massachusetts, 
and resided in that part of the town which 
later became Somerset, all his life. Here 


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all his children were born, and here he 
died September 7, 1852. He was an influ- 
ential and active citizen of the commu- 
nity, and filled many offices of trust and 
responsibility. In 1812 he was one of the 
purchasers of the land on which was built 
the Pocasset Company's mill, one of the 
first two mills in what was then the tow 
of Troy, now the city of Fall River. 
These mills were the subsequent pioneers 
in the cloth-making industry-, established 
in 1813. Mr. Slade was one of the origi- 
nal stockholders in the Fall River Manu- 
factory, and in 1822 was one of the eight 
corporators of the Pocasset Manufactur- 
ing Company, which gave great impetus 
to the cotton manufacturing industry of 
Fall River. He was also an original pro- 
prietor of the Watuppa Manufacturing 
Company. In 1826 he began the opera- 
tion of a horse boat at the ferry, and in 
1846 adopted steam as a motive power. 

William Slade married Phebe Lawton, 
daughter of Dr. William and Abigail 
(Farrington) Lawton, born August 21, 
1781, in Newport, Rhode Island, died 
March 18, 1874, in her ninety-third year. 
(See Lawton). Children, all born in 
Somerset: i. Abigail L., born January 
22, 1809. 2. Lydia Ann, born September 
17, 181 1. 3. Amanda, born December 2 
1813. 4. Jonathan, born September 23, 
1815. 5. William Lawton, mentioned be- 
low. 6. David, born September 4, 1819. 
7. Mary, born September 30, 1821. 

(VI) Hon. William Lawton Slade, son 
of William (2) and Phebe (Lawton) 
Slade, was born September 6, 1817, in 
Somerset, Massachusetts. He was reared 
upon the homestead farm, attending the 
common schools of the section and later 
the Friends' School at Providence. He 
continued to operate the ferry, and was 
an extensive farmer, acquiring in his life- 
time several fine farms. In 1871 he pur- 
chased the ferry property of the Bright- 

mans, lying on the east side of Taunton 
river, and in company with his brother, 
Jonathan Slade, was the last to operate 
the ferry which had been in the family 
more than two centuries, and was discon- 
tinued on the construction of the bridge 
in 1876. 

He early became interested in the 
manufacturing concerns of Fall River, 
and was a member of the first board of 
directors, and later, president of the Mon- 
taup Mills Company, organized in 1871 
for the manufacture of duck and cotton 
bags, then a new industry in Fall River. 
He was one of the promoters in 1871 of the 
Slade mill, the first of a group of factories 
erected in the southern district of the city 
built on a Slade farm, of which he was 
director and president. He was also a 
member of the board of directors of the 
Stafiford Mills, and held stock in several 
other manufacturing enterprises of Fall 
River. In i860 he was made a director 
of what subsequently became the Fall 
River National Bank. 

For many years he served as a select- 
man of the town of Somerset, his long 
continuance in this office testifying to his 
efficiency. In 1859 and again in 1864 he 
represented the town of Somerset in the 
General Assembly of the State, and was 
a member of the committee on agricul- 
ture during his first term, and on public 
charitable institutions in his second. He 
was a member of the committee of 
arrangements for the burial of Senator 
Charles Sumner. In 1863 he was a mem- 
ber of the Massachusetts Senate, in which 
body he served as a member of the com- 
mittee on agriculture. His political affili- 
ations were with the Republican party ; 
though not an office seeker, he accepted 
public office as a part of his duty as a 
good citizen. He was often called upon 
to engage in the settlement of estates and 
served as a commissioner for that pur- 



pose. In him the cause of temperance 
ever found a staunch and energetic sup- 
porter. He was a lifelong member of the 
Society of Friends. 

Mr. Slade died July 29, 1895, and two 
days later the board of directors of the 
Slade Mill paid the following tribute to 
him as a man and as an executive : 

William Lawton Slade was one of the origi- 
nators of this company, and has been its president 
since the date of its incorporation in 1871. He 
has always identified himself with its interests, 
and its welfare has been his constant care. He 
gave freely of his time and thought to the busi- 
ness of the corporation. Every subject presented 
to his attention received from him calm considera- 
tion and mature deliberation, and his judgment 
was universally respected. He was broad in his 
views, far-seeking in his suggestions, and looked 
not alone to the present, but to the future. 

He was a man of noble presence, high character, 
sound judgment, and unswerving integrity. He 
was pleasant in his manner, and was universally 
esteemed and respected. 

This corporation has lost in him a firm friend, 
a wise counsellor and a sagacious advisor, and its 
directors, each and every one, feel a keen sense 
of personal bereavement. 

It is resolved that we attend his funeral in a 
body and that copies of this record be furnished 
to his family and for publication. 

Henry S. Fenner, Clerk. 

Mr. Slade married, October 5, 1842, 
Mary Sherman, daughter of Asa and Eliz- 
abeth (Mitchell) Sherman, of Ports- 
mouth, Rhode Island. (See Sherman 
VI). She was born September 16, 1815, 
in Portsmouth, and died March 29, 1900, 
in Somerset, Massachusetts. Children: 

1. Caroline Elizabeth, mentioned below. 

2. Abigail L., born March 15, 1848; mar- 
ried James T. Milne; died November 5, 
1872. 3. Mary, born July 12, 1852, died 
August 15, 1877; married Velona W. 
Haughwout, and left three children: 
Mary, Alice and Elizabeth; of these, 
Mary and Elizabeth died in young 
womanhood, and Alice is the wife of 
Preston C. West, and resides in Sas- 

katchewan, Canada. 4. Sarah Sherman, 
died young. 5. Anna Mitchell, died 

(VII) Caroline Elizabeth Slade, eldest 
child of Hon. William Lawton and Mary 
(Sherman) Slade, was born January 3, 
1846, in Somerset, Massachusetts, and be- 
came the wife of the late Hezekiah An- 
thony Brayton, of Fall River. (See Bray- 
ton VII). 

HOLMES, Rev. Obadiah 

Rev. Obadiah Holmes, immigrant an- 
cestor and progenitor of this family in 
America, was born in Preston, Lanca- 
shire, England, about the year 1606. Of 
his early life we have been unable to 
obtain any information. He came to this 
country about the year 1639, and settled 
first in Salem, Massachusetts, and then in 
Rehoboth, where he resided eleven years. 
While living here he became a convert to 
the distinctive views of the Baptists, and 
was especially strenuous in rejecting 
infant baptism, and in maintaining the 
doctrine of "soul liberty." He became a 
member of the Baptist church of New- 
port, of which Dr. John Clarke was the 
pastor, and in July, 165 1, was the com- 
panion of his minister in the visit to 
Lynn, Massachusetts, which brought 
such horrible consequences upon him. He 
was fined thirty pounds by the magis- 
trates of Boston for his part in the affair. 
The alternative was the payment of the 
fine or to be publicly whipped. The fines 
of Dr. Clarke and his companion, Mr. 
Crandall, were provided for, but that of 
Mr. Holmes was not paid. He was kept 
in prison until September, 1651, when he 
underwent the cruel penalty of the sen- 
tence which had been pronounced against 
him. According to the testimony of Gov- 
ernor Joseph Jenks, he "was whipped 
thirty stripes, and in such an unmerciful 
manner that, in many days, if not some 



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weeks, he would take no rest but as he 
lay upon his knees and elbows, not being 
able to suffer any part of his body to 
touch the bed whereon he lay." On re- 
covering- he removed from Rehoboth to 
Newport, and there assumed the pastor- 
ship of Dr. Clarke's church during the 
latter's absence in England. His connec- 
tion with the church as pastor and as 
assistant to Dr. Clarke on his return from 
England, continued until 1682, when he 
died at the advanced age of seventy-six 
years. He was buried in a grave on his 
own property, over which a monument 
with suitable mscription was later raised 
to his memory. 

Holmes Arms — Barry, wavy of six, or and 
azure, on a canton, gules, a lion passant of the 

Crest — Out of a naval crown, or, a dexter arm 
embowed in armor, holding a trident, proper, spear 

Motto — Justum et tenacem propositi. 

(H) Sarah Holmes, daughter of Rev. 
Obadiah and Katherine (Hyde) Holmes, 
became the wife of William Slade. (See 
Slade I). 

(II) Lydia Holmes, daughter of Rev. 
Obadiah and Katherine (Hyde) Holmes, 
became the wife of Major John Bowne. 
Through them was descended the Martyr 
President, Abraham Lincoln, in the fol- 
lowing line: (HI) Richard and Sarah 
(Bowne) Salter. (IV) Mordecai and 
Hannah (Salter) Lincoln. (V) John and 
Rebecca ( ) Lincoln. (VI) Cap- 
tain Abraham and Bathsheba (Her- 
ring) Lincoln. (VII) Thomas and Nancy 
(Hanks) Lincoln. (VIII) Abraham Lin- 

Lincoln Arms — Argent, a lion rampant proper. 

(The Chase Line). 

The surname Chase is of ancient 
French origin, and had its source in the 
French verb, chaser, to hunt. In the 
intermingling of the Anglo-Saxon and 

Norman-French tongues, the word chase 
was adopted in its original meaning, and 
later came to be applied to that part of 
a forest or park termed the chase, an open 
piece of ground for the herding of deer and 
other game. Residents near these large 
deer enclosures, of which every knight 
or noble had at least one under the Feudal 
regime, adopted the name Chase as a sur- 
name, when the custom spread to the 
middle classes. Chase families had be- 
fore this date, however, wielded large 
power among the landed gentry and 
nobility. The ancestral seat of the Ameri- 
can branch of the ancient English family 
was at Chesham, Buckinghamshire, 
through which passes the river Chess. 
Several immigrants of the name were in 
the New England colonies in the first half 
of the seventeenth century. Their prog- 
eny is large and prominent, and is to-day 
found in every part of the United States. 
One of the most notable descendants of 
the early Chase family was the Hon. 
Salmon Portland Chase, Secretary of the 
Treasury under President Lincoln, and 
successor of Judge Roger B. Taney as 
chief justice of the Supreme Court of the 
United States. 

(I) William Chase, immigrant ances- 
tor and founder of the line herein under 
consideration, was born in England, and 
came to America in the year 1630 in com- 
pany with John Winthrop. Thomas and 
Aquila Chase, who settled in Hampton, 
New Hampshire, in 1639, were brothers, 
and are thought by many authorities to 
have been cousins of William Chase, the 
first comer. The record of Rev. John 
Eliot, the Indian Apostle, of "such as ad- 
joined themselves to this church," the 
first church of Roxbury, has this entry: 
"William Chase, he came with the first 
company, bringing with him his wife 
Mary and his son William." "He later 
had a daughter which they named Mary, 



born about the middle of 3rd month 1637, children became affiliated with the doc- 

after which date he removed to Scituate, 
but went with a company who made a 
new plantation at Yarmouth." On Octo- 
ber 19, 1630, William Chase applied for 
admission as a freeman in Roxbury, 
where he subsequently became a town 
officer. In 1634 he was made a freeman 
in Boston. In 1639 he was constable in 
Yarmouth, Massachusetts, whither he 
had removed the year previous, and 
where he died. His will, proved May 13, 
1659, ^^^ dated May 4th of that year, 
and the court ordered Robert Dennis to 
divide the estate as he ordered. Benja- 
min, his son, received the third part. In 
October, 1659, his widow Mary was found 
dead, and a coroner's inquest decided that 
she had died a natural death. In 1645 
William Chase served against the Narra- 
gansett Indians. In 1643, ^^s name as 
well as that of his son appears on the list 
of males able to bear arms, between the 
ages of sixteen and sixty. In 1645 he was 
a drummer in Myles Standish's companv 
that went to the banks opposite Provi- 

(II) William (2) Chase, son of Wil- 
liam (i) and Mary Chase, was born in 
England about 1623, and accompanied his 
parents to America in 1630, at the age of 
about seven years. In 1638 he removed 
with his father's family to Yarmouth, 
where he resided during the remainder 
of his life, and where he died on Febru- 
ary 27, 1685. His home was near the 
Herring river in the vicinity of what was 
later known as Denniss or Harwich. The 
records of his activities have nearly all 
been lost through the total destruction of 
the records of the town of Yarmouth by 
fire. In 1643 he was enrolled as able to 
bear arms, and in 1645 saw service, and 
was in Captain Myles Standish's com- 
pany "that went to the banks opposite 
Providence." Many of his large family of 

trines of the Society of Friends, subse- 
quently removing to Portsmouth, Rhode 
Island, and to Swansea, Massachusetts. 

(III) Samuel Chase, son of William 
(2) Chase, was born in Yarmouth, Mas- 
sachusetts. He married, in 1699, Sarah 
Sherman, daughter of Samuel and Martha 
(Tripp) Sherman. He was a prosperous 
farmer and large landholder in Yarmouth 

(IV) Phebe Chase, daughter of Sam- 
uel and Sarah (Sherman) Chase, was 
born January 22, 1700. She married, De- 
cember 6, 1720, Edward Slade, son of 
William and Sarah (Holmes) Slade. 
(See Slade II). 

(The Buffum Line). 

(I) Robert Buffum, immigrant ances- 
tor and progenitor of a family which has 
been continuous and prominent in New 
England for more than two hundred and 
seventy years, was born in Yorkshire or 
Devonshire, England, and was in Salem, 
Massachusetts, as early as the year 1638. 
He was a yeoman and to some extent a 
trader. All the family, except Robert 
Buffum, through sympathy with the 
Quakers who were then being persecuted, 
became Quakers themselves. On one 
occasion Deborah Buffum, youngest 
daughter of the founder, through great 
religious fervor and excitement, removed 
nearly all of her clothing, and marched 
through the streets of Salem, proclaim- 
ing that she was bearing testimony 
against the nakedness of the world. She 
was later tried and condemned to walk 
through the streets of Salem, in the same 
manner, at the "tail end" of a cart, accom- 
panied by her mother. 

Robert Buffum was a husbandman by 
principal occupation, and the trade he 
carried on was the sale of garden seeds, 
which was continued by his widow after 
his death. She, Tamosin Buffum, was 





appointed to administer the estate, which 
was inventoried at two hundred and sev- 
enty pounds. He made a will disposing 
of his worldly estate in manner prescribed 
by law, but when it was offered for pro- 
bate the subscribing witnesses, being 
Friends, would only affirm, and not swear 
"on the book," hence the instrument was 
refused probate by the court. Robert 
Buffum died in 1669, and his wife, who 
was born in 1606, died in 1688. They 
were the parents of the following chil- 
dren : I. Joseph, born in 1635 ; on account 
of sympathy with the Quakers he was 
banished from the colony, and returning 
to England laid his case before the King, 
who ordered the Salem authorities to take 
him back, and it is a fact worthy of note 
that the first Quaker meeting held in 
New England was later held at his house ; 
he married Damaris Pope. 2. Lydia, born 
in 1644; married (first) John Hills; (sec- 
ond) George Locker. 3. Margaret, mar- 
ried John Smith. 4. Sarah, married Wil- 
liam Beane. 5. Mary, born in 1648; mar- 
ried Jeremiah Beale. 6. Caleb, mentioned 
below. 7. Deborah, married Robert Wil- 

(II) Caleb Buffum, son of Robert and 
Tamosin Buffum, was born in Salem, 
Massachusetts, July 29, 1650, and died 
in 1731. He and his brother Joseph were 
executors of their mother's will, which 
was proved June 19, 1688. Under the 
will Caleb Buffum received two acres of 
meadow and a great pewter basin. He 
married, March 26, 1672, Hannah Pope, 
who was born about 1648, daughter of 
Joseph and Gertrude Pope. Their chil- 
dren were: i. Caleb, born May 14, 1673. 
2. Robert, born December i, 1675. 3. 
Jonathan, mentioned below. 4. Benja- 
min. 5. Hannah. 6. Tamosin. 

(III) Jonathan Buffum, son of Caleb 
and Hannah (Pope) Buffum, was born 
about 1677. He married Mercy , 

and they were the parents of several chil- 
dren, among whom the following are re- 
corded: I. Jonathan, born December 8, 
1713, died young. 2. Deborah, born Feb- 
ruary I, 1716-17. 3. Jonathan, born Sep- 
tember 16, 1719. 4. Mercy, mentioned 
below. There were probably others, but 
no record of them can be found. 

(IV) Mercy Buffum, daughter of Jon- 
athan and Mercy Buffum, was born July 
3, 1723, in Salem, Massachusetts, and 
died November 18, 1797, in Swansea, 
Massachusetts. She married Samuel 
Slade. (See Slade III). 


The following is an heraldic descrip- 
tion of the coat-of-arms of the Shermans 
of Yaxley, County Suffolk, given under 
Henry VII. to Thomas Sherman : 

Arms — Or, a lion rampant, sable, between three 
oak leaves vert. 

Crest — A sea lion, sejant, sable, charged on the 
shoulder with three bezants, two and one. 

Motto — Mortem vince virtute. 

Of the London Shermans, descendants 
of the Yaxley house : 

Arms — Same arms. An annulet for difference. 

Crest — ^A sea lion, sejant, per pale, or and ar- 
gent, guttee-de-poix, finned, of the first, gold, on 
the shoulder a crescent for difference. 

Of Ipswich, County Suffolk ; brother of 
Thomas Sherman, of Yaxley: 

Arms — Azure, a pelican or, vulning her breast 

Crest — A sea lion, sejant, per pale, or and ar- 
gent, guttee-de-poix, finned, gold. 

The surname of Sherman in England 
is of German origin, and at the present 
time in Germany and adjacent countries 
the name is found spelled Schurman, 
Schearman, and Scherman. It is derived 
from the occupation of some progenitor 
who was a dresser or shearer of cloth. 
The family bore arms, and probably lived 



in the County of Suffolk until the fif- 
teenth century, when branches were 
established in Essex. The name is found 
in England as early as 1420, and through 
wills and other documents is traced as 
follows : 

(I) Thomas Sherman, Gentleman, was 
born about 1420, and resided in Diss and 
Yaxley, England, dying in 1493. He had 
a wife Agnes, and a son, John. 

(II) John Sherman, Gentleman, born 
about 1450, died November, 1504. He 
was of Yaxley. He married Agnes Ful- 
len, daughter of Thomas Fullen. They 
had a son Thomas. 

(III) Thomas (2) Sherman, son of 
John and Agnes (Fullen) Sherman, was 
born about 1480, and died in November, 
1551. He resided in Diss, on the river 
Waveney, between the counties of Nor- 
folk and Suffolk. His will mentions 
property including the manors of Roy- 
den and Royden Tuft, with appurte- 
nances, at Royden and Bessingham, and 
other properties in Norfolk and Suffolk. 
His wife, Jane, who was probably not his 
first, was a daughter of John Waller, of 
Wortham, Suffolk. Children: i. Thomas. 
2. Richard. 3. John. 4. Henry, mentioned 
below. 5. William. 6. Anthony. 7. 
Francis. 8. Bartholomew. 9. James. 

(IV) Henry Sherman, son of Thomas 
(2) and Jane (Waller) Sherman, was 
born about 1530, in Yaxley, and is men- 
tioned in his father's will. His will, made 
January 20, 1589, proved July 25, 1590, 
was made at Colchester, where he lived. 
His first wife, Agnes (Butler) Sherman, 
was buried October 14, 1580, He mar- 
ried (second) Margery Wilson, a widow, 
("hildren: i. Henry, mentioned below. 
2. Edmund, married Anna Clere, died 
1601 ; his son Edmund was the father of 
Rev. John Sherman, of New Haven, Con- 
lecticut, where Edmund died in 1641. 3. 
Dr. Robert, of London. 4. Judith, mar- 

ried Nicholas Fynce. 5. John, died with- 
out issue. 

(V) Henry (2) Sherman, son of Henry 
(i) Sherman, was born about 1555, in Col- 
chester, and resided in Dedham, County 
Essex, England, where he made his will, 
August 21, 1610. It was proved on Sep- 
tember 8th following. He married Susan 
Hills, whose will was made ten days after 
his, and proved in the following month. 
Six of the sons mentioned below were liv- 
ing when the father died. Children; i. 
Henry, born 1571, died in 1642. 2. Sam- 
uel, mentioned below. 3. Susan, born in 
1575. 4. Edmund, or Edward, born about 
1577- 5- Nathaniel, born 158 — , died 
young. 6. Nathaniel, born in 1582. 7. 
Elizabeth, born about 1587. 8. Ezekiel, 
born July 25, 1589. 9. Mary, born July 
27, 1592. 10. Daniel, died in 1634. 11. 
Anne, married Thomas Wilson. 12. 
Phebe, married Simeon Fenn. 

(VI) Samuel Sherman, son of Henry 
(2) and Susan (Hills) Sherman, was born 
1572, and died in Dedham, England, in 
1615. He married Philippa Ward. 

(The Shermans in America). 

(I) Philip Sherman, immigrant ances- 
tor and progenitor of the American 
branch of the Shermans, was the seventh 
child of Samuel and Philippa (Ward) 
Sherman, and was born February 5. 1610, 
in Dedham, England. He died in March, 
1687, in Portsmouth, Rhode Island. He 
came to America when twenty-three 
years old, and settled in Roxbury, Massa- 
chusetts. Here he was made a freeman, 
May 14, 1634, standing next on the list 
after Governor Haynes. In 1635 he re- 
turned to England, remaining a short time, 
but was again in Roxbury, November 20, 
1637, when he and others were warned to 
give up all arms because "the opinions 
and revelations of Mr. Wheelwright and 
Mrs. Hutchinson have seduced and led 


^lEMOR lA- 
















into dangerous errors many of the people 
here in New England." The church rec- 
ord says that he was brought over to 
"Familism" by Porter, his wife's step- 

In 1636 he was one of the purchasers 
of the Island of Aquidneck, now Rhode 
Island, and on the formation of a govern- 
ment, became secretary under Governor 
William Coddington. The Massachusetts 
authorities evidently believed he was still 
under their jurisdiction, for, on March 12, 
1638, though he had summons to appear 
at the next court "to answer such things 
as shall be objected," he did not answer 
this summons, but continued to be a 
prominent figure in Rhode Island affairs. 
He continued to serve in public office, 
and was made a freeman March 16, 1641 ; 
general recorder from 1648 to 1652, and 
deputy from 1665 to 1667. He was among 
the sixteen persons who were requested, 
on April 4, 1676, to be present at the next 
meeting of the deputies to give advice and 
help in regard to the Narragansett cam- 
paign. He was public-spirited and enter- 
prising, a man of substance and evidently 
of considerable influence in local affairs. 
After his removal to Rhode Island he left 
the Congregational church and became a 
member of the Society of Friends. Tra- 
dition affirms that he was "a devout but 
determined man." The early records pre- 
pared by him still remain in Portsmouth, 
and show him to have been a very neat 
and expert penman, as well as an edu- 
cated man. His will shows that he was 
wealthy for the times. In 1634 he mar- 
ried Sarah Odding, stepdaughter of John 
Porter, of Roxbury, and his wife Mar- 
garet, who was a Widow Odding at the 
time of her marriage to John Porter. 

Philip Sherman's children: i. Eber. 
born in 1634, lived in Kingstown, Rhode 
Island; died in 1706. 2. Sarah, born in 
1636, married Thomas Mumford. 3. 

Mass 11 — 9 

Peleg, born in 1638, died 1719, in Kings- 
town, Rhode Island. 4. Mary, born 1639, 
died young. 5. Edmond, born 1641 ; lived 
in Portsmouth and Dartmouth ; died in 
1719. 6. Samson, mentioned below. 7. 
William, born 1643, ^^^^ young. 8. John, 
born 1644; a farmer and blacksmith in 
what is now South Dartmouth ; died April 
16, 1734. 9. Mary, born 1645 > married 
Samuel Wilbur. 10. Hannah, born 1647 '■> 
married William Chase. 11. Samuel, 
born 1648 ; lived in Portsmouth ; died 
October 9, 1717. 12. Benjamin, born 
1650; lived in Portsmouth. 13. Philippa 
born October i, 1652; married Benjamin 

(II) Samson Sherman, son of Philip 
and Sarah (Odding) Sherman, was born 
in 1642, in Portsmouth, Rhode Island, 
where he passed his life, and died June 
27, 1718. He married, March 4, 1675, 
Isabel Tripp, born in 165 1, daughter of 
John and Mary (Paine) Tripp. (See 
Tripp and Paine). She died in 1716. 
Children: i. Philip, born January 16. 
1676. 2. Sarah, born September 4, 1677. 
3. Alice, born January 12, 1680. 4. Sam- 
son, born January 28, 1682. 5. Abiel, born 
October 15, 1683. 6. Isabel, born 1686. 
7. Job, mentioned below. 

(III) Job Sherman, son of Samson and 
Isabel (Tripp) Sherman, was born No- 
vember 8, 1687, in Portsmouth, and died 
there November 16, 1747. He married 
(first), December 23, 1714, Bridget Gardi- 
ner, of Kingstown, and (second), in 1732, 
Amie Spencer, of East Greenwich, Rhode 
Island. Children of the first marriage : 
I. Philip, born October 12, 1715. 2. Israel, 
born October 31, 1717. 3. Mary, born 
January 16, 1719. 4. Job, born May 2, 
1722. 5. Bridget, born May 7, 1724. 6. 
Sarah, born October 29, 1726. 7. Alice, 
born April 25, 1728. 8. Mary, born Octo- 
ber 13, 1730. Children of the second mar- 
riage. 9. Amie, born May 27, 1734. 10. 



Benjamin, born September 14. 1735. 11. 
Samson (2), mentioned below. 12. Martha 
born November 28, 1738. 13. Walter, 
born August 20, 1740. 14. Dorcas, born 
November 2, 1742. 15. Abigail, born Sep- 
tember 10, 1744. 

(IV) Samson (2) Sherman, son of Job 
and Amie (Spencer) Sherman, was born 
July 23, 1737, in Portsmouth, Rhode 
Island, where he spent his life, engaged 
in agriculture and died January 24, 1801. 
He married, December 9, 1761, Ruth 
Fish, daughter of David and Jemima 
(Tallman) Fish, of Portsmouth. Chil- 
dren: I. Walter, born April 4, 1763; 
married Rebecca Anthony, of Ports- 
mouth. 2. Amy, born January 6, 1764; 
married Daniel Anthony, of Portsmouth. 
3. Job, born January 21, 1766; married 
Alice Anthony. 4. Susanna, born Octo- 
ber 19, 1767; married Peleg Almy, of 
Portsmouth. 5. Hannah, born January 
2y, 1769; married Jonathan Dennis, of 
Portsmouth. 6. Anne, born November 
19, 1770; married Nathan Chase, of Ports- 
mouth. 7. David, born June, 1772; mar- 
ried Waite Sherman, of Portsmouth. 8. 
Ruth, born October 21, 1773, ^^^^ ^" '"" 
fancy. 9. Ruth, born February 20, 1778; 
married Obadiah David, of New Bedford, 
Massachusetts. 10. Asa, mentioned be- 
low. II. Abigail, born April 2, 1782 ; mar- 
ried Abram David, of Fairhaven, Massa- 
chusetts. 12. Mary, born November 18, 
1783; married David Shove, of Berkley, 

(V) Asa Sherman, son of Samson (2) 
and Ruth (Fish) Sherman, was born De- 
cember 22, 1779, in Portsmouth, and died 
in Fall River, December 29, 1863. His 
remains were interred in the Friends' 
Cemeter}^ Portsmouth. He was a birth- 
right member of the Society of Friends, 
was a farmer and landowner in Ports- 
mouth. He married, at Friends' Meet- 
ing, in Newport, November 11, 1805, Eliz- 

abeth Mitchell, born October 17, 1782, in 
Middletown, Rhode Island, daughter of 
Richard and Joanna (Lawton) Mitchell. 
(See Mitchell VII). Children: i. Ruth, 
born November 21, 1806. 2. Joanna, born 
July 30, 1808, died in Fall River, Septem- 
ber 9, 1863. 3. Sarah, born February 30, 
1810; married, November 20, 1839, Abner 
Slade, of Swansea, Massachusetts. 4. 
Amy, born September 16, 1811 ; married, 
October 21, 1839, Mark Anthony, of 
Taunton, Massachusetts. 5. Richard 
Mitchell, born September 16, 1813. 6. 
Mary, mentioned below. 7. Asa, born 
December 23, 1817. 8. Daniel, born June 
25, 1820. 9. William, born April 19, 1823. 
10. Annie, born July 17, 1826, died in Fall 
River, January 15, 1849. 

(VI) Mary Sherman, fifth daughter of 
Asa and Elizabeth (Mitchell) Sherman, 
was born September 16, 1815, in Ports- 
mouth, Rhode Island. She married, 
October 5, 1842, Hon. William Lawton 
Slade, of Somerset, Massachusetts. (See 
Slade VI). 

(The Paine Line). 

For the origin of the surname Paine we 
must trace far beyond the opening of the 
surname period into the Graeco-Roman 
civilization. In the classical Latin of 
Tacitus "paganus" (from which Payne 
and Paine were ultimately evolved) is 
frequently found in contradistinction to 
miles or armatus, where comparison is 
made between a regular enrolled soldier 
(armatus) and the raw half-armed rustics 
who sometimes formed a rude militia in 
Roman wars, or, more widely, between 
a soldier and a civilian. Paganus retained 
its original significance, although this 
was lost sight of during the ages which 
followed the introduction of Christianity. 
The name meant literally in the begin- 
ning, a villager, the resident of a pagus, a 
canton, country district or commune. In 


~ ^ St^tja^- 

IJall .liiiis — Argent, tlirte talbots" liea(l> era^id sabk, between nine cio>5 
crosslets azure. 

Crest — -A dragon's head couped azure, collared argent. 

Paine Arms — Paly. of six argent and vert, on a chief azure three garbs or. 

Crest — A Hon rampant proper, supporting a wheat sheaf or. 

Tripp Arms — Gules, a chevron between three nags" In-ads erased or, bridled 

Crest — .An eagle's bjead gules, issuing out of rays or. 

Pish Arms—Azwvt, a fesse wavy or, between two crescents in chief, and a 
dolphin embowed in base, argent. 

Crest — On a rock proper a stork ermine, beaked and legged gules, charged on 
the breast with an increscent of the last. 

Tallinaii (Talman) Arms— CjX\\qs, a chevron, in chiet two daggers, points 
downward, in base a sword, point upwards, or. 

Crest — An arm embowed in armor proper, h.clding a battle axe. 

Motto — Iti fide et in hello fortis. 

Plasard Anns-— Azur^, a garb or. 

Crest — On the'topbf'an anchor in the sea, a dove iwldlng in the beak an olive 
branch proper. 


its early application paganus was used by 
the Christian church to denote those who 
refused to believe in the one true God. It 
has long been accepted that the applica- 
tion of the name paganus, villager, to 
non-Christians was due to the fact that 
it was in the rural districts that the old 
faiths lingered longest. 

The English form comes to us through 
the French Pagan or Payan, a country- 
man. This was a favorite fontname in the 
twelfth, thirteenth and fourteenth cen- 
turies, which would account for its great 
popularity as a surname. Payan and 
Payn came into England with the Nor- 
man Conquest. The following verse from 
Chaucer illustrates the use of the word : 

The Constable and Dame Hermegile, his wife, 
Were payenes and that country everywhere. 
— Man of Lowes Tale. 

Arms — Paly of six argent and vert, on a chief 
azure three garbs or. 

Crest — A lion rampant proper, supporting a 
wheat sheaf or. 

There were several immigrants of the 
name in the New England colonies before 
the close of the seventeenth century, the 
majority of whom became the founders 
of families which have left the impress 
of the name on the history of the commu- 
nities in which they settled. The Rhode 
Island family comprises the descendants 
of Anthony Paine, who was among the 
earliest settlers of the town of Ports- 

(I) Anthony Paine, immigrant ances- 
tor and progenitor, was a native of Eng- 
land. He is first of record in the Ameri- 
can colonies in 1638, when he is recorded 
as an inhabitant of Portsmouth, Rhode 
Island. On April 30, 1639, he was one 
of the twenty-nine signers of the follow- 
ing compact for a form of civil govern- 
ment for Portsmouth : "We whose names 
are underwritten, do acknowledge our- 
selves the legal subjects of His Majesty, 

King Charles, and in his name do hereby 
bind ourselves into a civil body politic, 
unto his laws according to matters of jus- 
tice." On November 10, 1643, he entered 
into an agreement with Rose Grinnell, 
prior to their marriage, that upon the 
death of either, the property of the one 
deceased should go to the children of that 
person. Anthony Paine died in 1650; his 
will bears the date. May 6, 1649. He was 
twice married. His first wife died before 
1643, i^ which year he married (second) 
Rose Grinnell, daughter of Matthew Grin- 
nell ; she later married James Weeden. 
and died some time after 1673. 

(II) Mary Paine, daughter of Anthony 
Paine, became the wife of John Tripp, of 
Portsmouth, Rhode Island. She survived 
her husband, and married (second), April 
4, 1683, Benjamin Engell, and died Feb- 
ruary 12, 1687. From Mary (Paine) 
Tripp the line descends to Caroline E. 
(Slade) Brayton, through her son, James 
Tripp, and her daughters Elizabeth and 
Isabel Tripp. 

(The Line Throug^h James Tripp). 

(III) James Tripp, son of John and 
Mary (Paine) Tripp, married Mercy 
Lawton, daughter of George and Eliza- 
beth (Hazard) Lawton. 

(IV) Elizabeth Tripp, daughter of 
James and Mercy (Lawton) Tripp, be- 
came the wife of Richard Mitchell, 
founder of the Mitchell family in Rhode 
Island. (See Mitchell I). 

(V) James Mitchell, son of Richard 
and Elizabeth (Tripp) Mitchell, married 
Anna Folger, daughter of Jethro and 
Mary (Starbuck) Folger. (See Folger 

(VI) Richard Mitchell, son of James 
and Anna (Folger) Mitchell, married 
Joanna Lawton, daughter of John and 
Sarah Lawton. 

(VII) Elizabeth Mitchell, daughter of 



Richard and Joanna (Lawton) Mitchell, 
married Asa Sherman. (See Sherman 

(VIII) Mary Sherman, daughter of 
Asa and Elizabeth (Mitchell) Sherman, 
became the wife of the Hon. William 
Lawton Slade, of Fall River, Massachu- 
setts, and mother of: 

(IX) Caroline Elizabeth Slade, daugh- 
ter of Hon. William Lawton and Mary 
(Sherman) Slade, became the wife of the 
late Hezekiah Anthony Brayton, of Fall 
River. (See Brayton VII). 

(The Line Through Elizabeth Tripp). 

(III) Elizabeth Tripp, daughter of 
John and Mary (Paine) Tripp, became 
the wife of Zuriel Hall. 

(IV) Mary Hall, daughter of Zuriel 
and Elizabeth (Tripp) Hall, married Rob- 
ert Fish. 

(V) David Fish, son of Robert and 
Mary (Hall) Fish, married Jemima Tall- 
man, daughter of James and Hannah 
(Swain) Tallman. 

(VI) Ruth Fish, daughter of David 
and Jemima (Tallman) Fish, married 
Samson (2) Sherman. (See Sherman 

(VII) Asa Sherman, son of Samson 
(2) and Ruth (Fish) Sherman, married 
Elizabeth Mitchell, daughter of Richard 
and Joanna (Lawton) Mitchell. 

(VIII) Mary Sherman, married Hon. 
William Lawton Slade. 

(iX) Caroline Elizabeth (Slade) Bray- 

(The Line Through Isabel Tripp). 

(III) Isabel Tripp, daughter of John 
and Mary (Paine) Tripp, married Sam- 
son Sherman. (See Sherman II). 

(IV) Job Sherman, son of Samson and 
Isabel (Tripp) Sherman, married Amie 

(V) Samson (2) Sherman, son of Job 

and Amie (Spencer) Sherman, married 
Ruth Fish. 

(VI) Asa Sherman, son of Samson (2) 
and Ruth (Fish) Sherman, married Eliz- 
abeth Mitchell. 

(VII) Mary Sherman, daughter of Asa 
and Elizabeth (Mitchell) Sherman, mar- 
ried Hon. William Lawton Slade. 

(VIII) Caroline Elizabeth Slade, daugh- 
ter of Hon. William Lawton and Mary 
(Sherman) Slade, became the wife of the 
late Hezekiah Anthony Brayton, of Fall 
River. (See Brayton VII). 

MITCHELL, Richard 

Among prominent persons of the Mitch- 
ell family are to be named the following: 

Sir Andrew Mitchell was vice-admiral 
of the British fleet that forced the en- 
trance to Texel Island, Holland, in the 
war against the French and Dutch, in 
1794. He captured the Dutch fleet, help- 
ing to establish the naval supremacy of 
Great Britain. 

Sir Charles H. B. Mitchell, high com- 
missioner of the State of Perak, one of 
the Malay States, was directly responsible 
for the first meeting of the native chiefs 
and the British residents for the purpose 
of friendly discussion, in 1897. 

James Mitchell, Scotchman, who per- 
fected an ingenious amplification of the 
Maelzel metronome. 

John Mitchell, who perfected and man- 
ufactured the first machine that made 
steel pens. 

J. A. Mitchell, one of the founders and 
the first editor of the weekly magazine, 

J. C. Mitchell, one of the most famous 
of the early racquet players. 

J. K. Mitchell, one of the pioneers of the 
liquid gas field. He first froze sulphur- 
ous acid gas to a solid. 

Dr. P. Chalmers Mitchell, member of 
the Zoological Society of London, a 


S7vain .Irms— Azure, a chevron between three pheons or: ^t r^, (-hief gules as 
many maidens' heads couped proper, crined ot the second. 
Crest — A maiden's head couped proper, crined or. 
Weir Arms — Argent, on a fes& azure three mflillets of the field 
Crest — A demi-horse in armour proper, bridled and saddled gules. 
Briggs Arms — Gules; three bars gemelles or, a canton ermine. 
Crest — On the stump of a tree a pelican or, vulning herself proper. 
Morrill (Morrell) Arms — Azure, on a cross argent a lion rampant gules. 
Crest — The horns of a bull adhering to the scalp pj-^er. 
^I'arrf .-^rm^-^Azure, a crossflory or. . . 

Crest — A wolf's head erased proper, langued^gtiles. 
Motto — Xon nobis .sojum. (Not for ourselves alone j, .- 
Hills Arms — Ermine,' on, a fess sable a tower with two turrets proper. 
Crest — A tower, .grs^ the. arms. 



recognized authority in the study of mam- 

R. A. H. Mitchell, Eton, Oxford, Hants, 
prominent Britainer, and the greatest 
cricket player of all times. 

W. M. Mitchell, well known astrono- 
mer, specializing in the study of the sun. 

Maria Mitchell, of the Rhode Island 
branch, prominent American astronomer 
and educator. 

Dr. Samuel Latham Mitchell, of the 
Long Island branch, United States Sena- 
tor and author, who urged the adoption 
of Fredonia as the proper name for this 
country in his "Address to the Fredes or 
People of the United States." 

Stephen Mitchell, a tobacco manufac- 
turer of international repute, who founded 
the second largest library in Scotland. 

(The Mitchells in America). 

Arms — Sable, a fess wavy between three mas- 
cles or. 

Crest — A phoenix in flames proper. 
Motto — Spernit humum. 

There are many branches of this family 
scattered throughout the United States, 
founded in the early Colonial days by sev- 
eral representatives of the house who 
came from England and Scotland and set- 
tled principally in the New England 
States. The descendants were numerous, 
and migrated from one part of the coun- 
try to another as new regions were 
opened. Almost invariably, however, 
members of the various branches are to 
be found within a short distance of the 
original location of the progenitor. 

The Mitchells of Rhode Island form 
one of the oldest as well as one of the 
most distinguished branches of the family 
in the United States. They comprise the 
descendants of Richard Mitchell, of New- 

The Mitchells of Roanoke county, Vir- 
ginia, founded in the early part of the 
seventeenth century, have continued to 

live on and in the vicinity of the old fam- 
ily estate. They are related by marriage 
to the family of Colonel Zachary Lewis, 
whose father was a messmate of General 
Washington during the war with the 
French. They are connected in the same 
degree with the Thomas and Graham 
families, the latter that of a governor of 
North Carolina, William Graham. 

The Pennsylvania family was founded 
by the descendants of William Mitchell 
and his wife Elizabeth, who emigrated 
from Yorkshire, England, and settled in 
Bermuda. Offspring of this branch also 
settled in Baltimore. Another branch 
of York county, Pennsylvania, claims 
George Mitchell, born in Scotland in 
1734, as progenitor. 

The Long Island family, of ancient 
origin, has furnished many famous public 
men. The Nantucket stock, of which 
Professor Maria Mitchell, and her brother, 
Henry Mitchell, were descended, has been 
highly distinguished. The Connecticut 
Mitchells claim kin with Rebecca Motte, 
of Revolutionary fame ; with Governor 
Saltonstall and Governor Dudley, and 
also with the Gardiners of Gardiner's 

One western branch of the family claim 
"Honest John Hart," one of the signers 
of the Declaration of Independence from 
New Jersey, as an ancestor. James 
Mitchell, a Scotch settler from Glasgow 
in 1730, founded the family which pro- 
duced among other well known men, Ste- 
phen Mitchell, who was one of the set- 
tlers of Wethersfield, Connecticut, and a 
member of the first Continental Congress 
held at Philadelphia. He was also chief 
justice of Connecticut. Donald Mitchell, 
best known as "Ike Marvel," the essayist, 
was of the third generation in America. 
Stephen Mitchell had six sons, all college 
graduates. Matthew Mitchell was the 
progenitor of another family in Connecti- 



cut. He was a passenger on the "James" 
in 1635, together with his wife and child, 
and settled in Connecticut, near Wethers- 
field, of which place he became town 
clerk in 1639. ^^ "^^^ a representative at 
court from Saybrook; he took an active 
part in the Pequot War, and removed to 
Hempstead, Long Island, in 1643, The 
town of Hingham, Massachusetts, was 
probably named by Edward Mitchell, a 
passenger on the ship "Diligent" from 
Hingham, England, in 1638. 

Experience Mitchell, who lived in Plym- 
outh, Duxbury, and Bridgewater, Massa- 
chusetts, came from England on the 
"Ann," in 1623. He married Jane Cook, 
daughter of Francis Cook, one of the 
"Mayflower" passengers. 

Many of the famous figures of the Rev- 
olution were members of the Mitchell 
family. They include: Major Abiel and 
Colonel Mitchell, from Massachusetts; 
Captain Alexander Mitchell from New 
Jersey; Nathaniel Mitchell, captain of a 
battalion of the Flying Camp, from Dela- 
ware; Captain Joseph Mitchell, from Vir- 
ginia; Captain James and Major Ephraim 
Mitchell, of South Carolina, and Lieuten- 
ant John Mitchell, of Georgia. 

(The Rhode Island Mitchells). 

(I) Richard Mitchell, immigrant ances- 
tor and progenitor, was a native of Brick- 
town, in the Isle of Wight, Great Britain, 
born in 1686. There he learned the trade 
of tailor, and on attaining his majority 
decided to go into business for himself 
in his native place. He visited London 
in order to obtain the necessary materials, 
and while there was seized by a press 
gang, and taken on board a man-of-war. 
Tailors were not then exempted, as were 
mechanics, from impressment. The vessel 
on which he sailed spent some time at 
Newport, Rhode Island, and here Rich- 
ard Mitchell found opportunity to escape. 

Tradition runs to the effect that he made 
a suit of clothes for the governor's son, 
which so pleased the latter that he 
secreted him and kept him in concealment 
until after the vessel had sailed. He con- 
tinued to reside in Newport, and became 
a member of the Society of Friends, later 
taking a prominent part in local affairs. 

In 1708 he married Elizabeth Tripp, of 
Dartmouth, Massachusetts, born in 1685, 
daughter of James and Mercy (Lawton) 
Tripp, granddaughter of James and Mary 
(Paine) Tripp, and of George and Eliza- 
beth (Hazard) Lawton; she was the 
great-granddaughter of Thomas Hazard, 
founder of the noted Hazard family of 
Rhode Island. Richard Mitchell died Sep- 
tember 24, 1722, at the age of thirty-six 
years, and his widow married (second), 
April 18, 1734, William Wood; she died 
February 13, 1740. Children of Richard 
and Elizabeth (Tripp) Mitchell: i. Eliz- 
abeth, born July 13, 1709; married, De- 
cember 8, 1726, Jabez Carpenter. 2. Mary, 
born October 17, 1712; married, May 18, 
1732, Caleb Coggeshall. 3. James, men- 
tioned below. 4. Richard, born Septem- 
ber 5, 1719; settled in Nantucket, Massa- 
chusetts. 5. Joseph, born November 25, 

(II) James Mitchell, first son of Rich- 
ard and Elizabeth (Tripp) Mitchell, was 
born April 20, 1715, in Newport, Rhode 
Island. He was a member of the Society 
of Friends, in which he was an elder. He 
lived for a time in Nantucket, Massachu- 
setts, and there married Anna Folger, 
daughter of Jethro and Mary (Starbuck) 
Folger, of Nantucket. He moved later 
to Middletown, Rhode Island, near the 
Portsmouth line, and continued to reside 
there until his death on October 5, 1799. 
Children: i. Mary, born November 10, 
1739; married Matthew Barker, of New- 
port. 2. James, born August 31, 1743; 
married Elizabeth Anthony. 3. Elizabeth, 





V* - ^m 



X / . :1; , ^ ^i^^ 





^- ' ' --' » "** 






born July 9, 1746; married Giles Hoosier. 

4. Hepsabeth, born March 14, 1750; mar- 
ried (first) Peter Chase; (second) David 
Buffum. 5. Richard, mentioned below. 

(III) Richard (2) Mitchell, son of 
James and Anna (Folger) Mitchell, was 
born November 25, 1754, in Middletown, 
Rhode Island, and lived in that town, near 
what is known as Mitchell's Lane, where 
he died October 26, 1833, and where he is 
buried. He married, November 6, 1776, 
Joanna Lawton, a native of Portsmouth, 
daughter of John and Sarah Lawton, who 
died August 6, 1830. Children: i. Jethro 
Folger, born March 14, 1778; married 
Anne Gould. 2. Isaac, born August 21, 
1779; married Sarah Gould. 3. John, born 
January 15, 1781 ; married Katherine 
Gould. 4. Elizabeth, mentioned below. 

5. Peter, born July 3, 1784; married Mary 
Wales. 6. Sarah, born May 19, 1787. 7. 
Joanna, born December 3, 1788; married 
David Rodman. 8. Ann, born August 6, 
1791. 9. Richard, born February 20, 1793. 

(IV) Elizabeth Mitchell, eldest daugh- 
ter of Richard (2) and Joanna (Lawton") 
Mitchell, was born in Middletown, Rhode 
Island, October 17, 1782. She became the 
wife of Asa Sherman, of Portsmouth, 
Rhode Island. (See Sherman V). 

The most prominent member of the 
Nantucket family of that name, descend- 
ant of old Quaker stock, Maria Mitchell, 
was born August i, 1818, the daughter of 
William Mitchell. Her father, William 
Mitchell (1791-1869) was a school teacher 
and a self-taught astronomer, who rated 
chronometers for Nantucket whalers. He 
was well known in the New England 
States as a learned man, and held the 
position of overseer of Harvard Univer- 
sity from 1857 to 1865, with all the pres- 
tige attached to such an ofifice. For a 
time he was in the employ of the United 
States Coast Survey, and did some excel- 
lent work in that department. 

Miss Maria Mitchell had as early as 
183 1 (during the annual eclipse of the 
sun) been her father's assistant, and the 
progress she made under his tutorage, to- 
gether with the certain genius she pos- 
sessed in the science, may be visualized 
from the fact that sixteen years later, on 
October i, 1847, she discovered a tele- 
scopic comet, seen by De Vico on Octo- 
ber 3, by W. R. Dawes, October 7, and 
by Madame Rumker, October 11. For 
this discovery, outstripping as she did the 
fainous astronomers of the world, she re- 
ceived a gold medal with the congratu- 
lations of the King of Denmark, and was 
elected in 1848 to the American Academy 
of Arts and Sciences, being the first 
woman member of the organization. In 
1850, as further recognition of her excel- 
lent work, she was elected a member of 
the American Association for the Ad- 
vancement of Science. 

She removed from Nantucket to Lynn, 
Massachusetts, in 1861, setting up in the 
latter city the great equatorial telescope 
which had been presented to her by popu- 
lar subscription by the women of Amer- 
ica. Here she lived and studied until late 
in the year 1865, when she was chosen 
professor of astronomy and director of the 
Observatory at Vassar College. She con- 
tinued actively in this position until 1888, 
when she became professor emeritus. For 
many years she had specialized in the 
study pf Jupiter and Saturn, and in 1874 
began to make photographs of the sun. 
She died in Lynn, Massachusetts, June 
28, 1889. 

Henry Mitchell (1830-1902), her broth- 
er, was a famous hydrographer. 

Adjoining the Maria Mitchell home- 
stead, which is still carefully preserved, 
stands a memorial astronomical observa- 
tory and library erected in Miss Mitchell's 
honor, by popular subscription, in 1908. 
In it are kept the valuable collections and 
records which she and her brother made 



during years of patient research in the 
fields of their chosen sciences. 

(The Folg-er Line). 

The genealogical notes of Benjamin 
Franklin contain an inference that the 
Folger family, of which he was a descend- 
ant, was of Flemish origin, and was estab- 
lished in England at the time of Queen 
Elizabeth. His gleanings on the subject 
constitute all we know of the early rec- 
ords in America, from the time of the 
immigrant ancestor down, which are very 
complete, however, and are evidence that 
the family played an important part in the 
life and affairs of the early settlement of 
Nantucket. Massachusetts, from the time 
of its founding. 

(I) John Folger, immigrant ancestor 
and progenitor, was a native of England, 
and possibly a resident of Norwich, 
County Norfolk, whence he sailed for 
America in 1635, with his son, Peter Fol- 
ger. He is said to have come on the same 
ship with Hugh Peters. In 1642 John Fol- 
ger owned a homestead and six acres of 
land in Watertown. Although there is no 
actual record of the fact, it is probable 
that John and Peter Folger accompanied 
Thomas Mayhew, Jr., to Martha's Vine- 
yard in 1641-42. John Folger owned a 
house, upland, commonage and meadow 
land at the Vineyard, and resided there 
until his death, about 1660. His widow 
was Meribell Folger, whose surname is 
said to have been Gibbs. 

(II) Peter Folger, son of John Folger, 
was born in England in 1617, and accom- 
panied his father to America in 1635, ^^- 
moving with him to the Vineyard in 1641- 
42. While here he taught school and sur- 
veyed land, also assisting Thomas May- 
hew, Jr., in his labors as missionary 
among the Indians. Rev. Experience 
Mayhew, in a letter to John Gardner, 
Esquire, dated 1694, states that when 
Thomas Mayhew, Jr., left for England 

in 1657, he left the care of his church and 
mission to Peter Folger. At a meeting of 
the proprietors of Nantucket, held in 
Salisbury, Massachusetts, in the latter 
part of 1660 or early in 1661, five persons 
were chosen to measure the land. Peter 
Folger was one of these, and as evidence 
of the remarkable confidence of the peo- 
ple in him, we have the order stating that 
the proceeding of any three of this body of 
men should be accounted legal and valid, 
if Peter Folger was one. In the summer 
of 1659 he is said to have accompanied 
Tristram Coffin and others who visited 
the Island of Nantucket to view it at the 
time of the purchase from Mayhew. He 
was there in 1661-62 as a surveyor, and 
although not one of the first proprietors 
he may be regarded as a very early set- 
tler, having removed to the Island in 1663, 
at the invitation of the proprietors whc 
deeded him half a share of land on the 
condition that he would live in Nantucket 
and act as interpreter among the Indians. 
The following is the deed of the property, 
dated Nantucket, July 4, 1663: 

These presents witnesseth that we whose names 
are underwritten do give, and grant unto peter 
foulger, half a share of accomodations on the 
land above sayd, that is to say half so much as 
one of the twenty purchasers, both in respect to 
upland, meadow, wood, timber and other appur- 
tenances belonging to him and his heirs forever 
on condition that he com to inhabit the Island 
aforesayd with his family within one year after 
the sale hereof. Likewise that the sayd peter 
shall attend the English in the way of an Inter- 
preter between the Indians and them upon al 
necessary ocasions, his house lot to be layd at 
the place commonly called by the name of Rogers 
field so as may be most convenient 
Witness our hands. 

John Smyth, Tristram Coffin, Sr., for 

Thomas Macy, myself and others being 

Edward Starbuck, empowered by them ; 
John Swayne, Peter Coffin, 

Robert Barnard, Steven Greenleaf, 
Richard Swayne, Tristram Coffin, Jr., 
John Rolfe, William Pile, two shares ; 

Thomas Mayhew, Nathaniel Starbuck, 
Thomas Coffin. 



Cotton Mather describes Peter Folger 
as an "Able Godley Englishman who was 
employed in teaching the youth in Read- 
ing, Writing and the Principles of Re- 
ligion by Catechism, being well learned 
likewise in the Scriptures and Capable of 
Help in religious matters." On July 21, 
1673, he was chosen clerk of the court and 
recorder, which office he held for many 
years. To him fell the laurels as the 
greatest scholar of the early community. 
His poem, "A Looking Glass for the 
Times," published April 23, 1676, shows 
him an advocate of religious liberty and 
strongly condemns the persecuting spirit 
of New England. It is believed that when 
an old man he embraced the views of the 
Friends. Peter Folger died in 1690. In 
1644 he married Mary Morrill, who had 
been an inmate of the family of Hugh 
Peters; she died in 1704. Among their 
children were: i. John, mentioned below. 
2. Abiah, who became the wife of Josiah 
Franklin, of Boston, and mother of Ben- 
jamin Franklin. 

(III) John Folger, son of Peter and 
Mary (Morrill) Folger, was born in 1659. 
He was a miller and a prosperous farmer. 
His home was in that part of Nantucket 
now called Polpis. He married Mary 
Barnard, daughter of Nathaniel and Mary 
(Barnard) Barnard. (See Barnard III). 

(IV) Jethro Folger, son of John and 
Mary (Barnard) Folger, was born in Nan- 
tucket, Massachusetts, 17th of 8th month. 

((The Barnard Line). 

The Barnard family in New England 
was founded by two brothers, Thomas 
and Robert Barnard, who arrived in the 
New World about 1630, and subsequently 
were identified prominently with the 
foundation and development of the settle- 
ment upon the Island of Nantucket. The 
ancestry hereinafter traced is derived 
through both of these brothers. 

Arms — Argent, a bear rampant sable, muzzled 

Crest — Out of a ducal coronet or, a demi-bear 
rampant sable, muzzled or. 

Motto — Fer et perfer. (Bear and forbear.) 

Thomas Barnard, one of the found- 
ers of the Barnard family in America, was 
born in England about 1612. In the year 
1640 he is found of residence in Salisbury, 
Massachusetts, and later he bought land 
on the west side of the Powow river (now 
in Amesbury) and removed thither. In 
1659 he joined in one of the most historic 
transactions preserved in New England 
history. In that year he entered with 
others in the purchase of the Island of 
Nantucket, and acquired there large land 
holdings. Later, he transferred one-half 
of his Nantucket possessions to his 
brother, Robert Barnard. Previously, he 
had been prominent in the affairs of Salis- 
bury and Amesbury. On May i, 1654, 
when the "Articles of Agreement between 
the Inhabitants of the Old Town and 
Those of the New Town," were entered 

1689. He was a large land owner, and ^ into, his signature, among others, was 

a prominent citizen of Nantucket all his 

life. In October, 1710, he married Mary 

Starbuck, daughter of Nathaniel and 

Dinah (Coffin) Starbuck. (See Starbuck 

IV). Jethro Folger was a member of the 

Society of Friends. 

(V) Anna Folger, daughter of Jethro 
and Mary (Starbuck) Folger, was born 
in Nantucket, Massachusetts, in 1720. In 
1738, she married James Mitchell. (See 
Mitchell II). 

affixed thereto. In the division of land in 
1654 he is among those mentioned, and in 
the "Amesbury Commoners" of 1667-68, 
Thomas Barnard, Sr. and Jr., appear. 
Thomas Barnard is also cited as one of 
the "Brethren of Ye Church." He re- 
ceived land in the first division at Salis- 
bury and also in 1640 and 1643 ! ^^ 1665, 
he was a grand juror at Amesbury ; and 
his name appears on various lists as late 
as 1672. Whether he actually removed 



to Nantucket and there resided does not 
definitely appear; the records of Nan- 
tucket simply state that "Thomas Bar- 
nard died abroad." This, however, would 
seem to indicate that he was a resident 
of Nantucket. A tragic fate awaited him, 
he being killed by the Indians in 1677. 
He married Eleanor . She admin- 
istered upon his estate in 1677, and the 
inventory was taken 21st of 6th month, 
1677. She married (second) George 
Little, of Newbury, and died November 
27, 1694. Thomas and Eleanor Barnard 
were the parents of nine children. 
Line of Robert Barnard : 

(I) Robert Barnard, other founder of 
the Barnard family in America, brother 
of Thomas Barnard, was a resident of 
Salisbury and Andover, and thence re- 
moved to Nantucket. From his brother 
Thomas he had acquired a considerable 
interest in Nantucket, whither he went 
in 1663, and where he died in 1682. He 
married Joanna Harvey, who survived 
him, and died in Nantucket, March 31, 
1705. Their daughter, Mary Barnard, 
married her cousin, Nathaniel Barnard, 
son of Thomas Barnard, and thus joined 
the two lines of Barnard. 

(II) Nathaniel Barnard, son of Thomas 
and Eleanor Barnard, was born 15th of 
nth month, 1642, in Salisbury, Massa- 
chusetts. Until about 1665, he continued 
to reside in Amesbury, but thereafter re- 
moved to Sherburn, on the Island of Nan- 
tucket, and remained there throughout 
his life. He is called a "planter" and was 
a prominent figure in the struggling set- 
tlement. By his marriage he joined the 
two lines of Barnard, his wife being a 
daughter of Robert Barnard, brother of 
Thomas Barnard, the two founders of the 
family in America. Nathaniel Barnard 
died in Nantucket, May 3, 1718. He mar- 
ried Mary Barnard, daughter of Robert 
and Joanna (Harvey) Barnard. She died 

in Nantucket, March 7, 1717-18. They 
were the parents of seven children. 

(II) Mary Barnard, daughter of Rob- 
ert and Joanna (Harvey) Barnard, was 
born in Andover, Massachusetts, April 8, 
1658. She died in Nantucket, March 7, 
1717-18. She married Nathaniel Barnard, 
son of Thomas and Eleanor Barnard. 
Issue seven children. 

(III) Mary Barnard, daughter of Na- 
thaniel and Mary (Barnard) Barnard, 
was born in Nantucket, Massachusetts. 
She died 6th of 8th month, 1737 (O. S.), 
aged nearly seventy years. She married 
John Folger, son of Peter and Mary 
(Morrill) Folger, the distinguished Nan- 
tucket family. (See Folger III). 

COFFIN, James 

At Fallaise, a town in Normandy, 
stands the old chateau of Courtitout, once 
the home of the Norman Coffin family ; 
the name is now extinct in that vicinage, 
and the chateau is owned by Monsieur 
Le Clere, who is the grandson of the last 
Mademoiselle Coffin, who married a Le 
Clere in 1796. Until her marriage the 
above mentioned chateau had always re- 
mained in the family name. (The above 
information came through Admiral Sir 
Isaac Coffin, who was born in Boston, 
Massachusetts, May 16, 1759, became an 
English citizen, was raised to the baro- 
netcy, and granted a coat-of-arms in 
1804). The family traces its ancestry to 
Sir Richard Coffin, Knight, who accom- 
panied William the Conqueror to Eng- 
land in the year 1066, to whom the manor 
of Alwington in the County of Devon was 
assigned. There are various branches of 
the family in County Devon. The Eng- 
lish records show the name Covin, whence 
it was changed to Cophin, Kophin, Cof- 
fyn. The surname signifies literally "the 
bald" and is derived originally from the 
French chanvc, which means bald. Be- 


'^^mt. I ■ii'T'^ir 






fore 1254 the family was flourishing at 
Portledge-near-the-Sea, in the parish of 
Alwington, five miles from Biddeford, 
England. The name was early brought 
to Massachusetts, and has been borne by 
many leaders of the life and affairs of the 
Colony and Commonwealth. The Coffin 
family was not as conspicuous during the 
American Revolution as they undoubt- 
edly would have been had their location 
been different. The Island of Nantucket, 
their home, was visited by British war- 
ships frequently, the inhabitants were 
intimidated and obliged to preserve an 
unwilling neutrality. Tristram Coffin, 
founder of the New England family of 
the name, was beyond doubt a descend- 
ant of Sir Richard Coffin of the Con- 
queror's train ; the direct line, however, 
begins with Tristram Coffin, mentioned 

Coffin (Coffyn) Arms — Azure, four bezants be- 
tween five crosses crosslet or. 

Crest — A bird or, between two cinque foils ar- 
gent, stalked and leaved vert. 

(I) Tristram Coffin, a descendant of 
Sir Richard Coffin, married and lived in 
Brixton, Devonshire, England. His will 
mentions Anne and John, children of his 
son, Nicholas Coffin ; Richard and Joan, 
children of Lionel Coffin ; Philip Coffin, 
and his son Tristram ; and appointed 
Nicholas Coffin, of whom further, as his 

(II) Nicholas Coffin, son of Tristram 
Coffin, lived in Butler's Parish, Devon- 
shire, England, where he died in 1603. 
In his will, which was proved at Totness, 
in Devonshire, November 3, 1603, men- 
tion is made of his wife Joan, and five 
children, namely: i. Peter, mentioned 
below. 2. Nicholas. 3. Tristram. 4. 
John. 5, Anne. 

(III) Peter Coffin, eldest son of Nich- 
olas and Joan Coffin, was born on the 
Coffin estate in Brixton, England, about 

1580, and died there in 1627-28. He mar- 
ried Joan or Joanna Thember, and their 
six children were born and baptized in 
the parish of Brixton, Devonshire, in the 
following order: i. Tristram, mentioned 
below. 2. John, born about 1607 ; was a 
soldier and died in the service from a 
mortal wound received in battle during a 
four years' siege in the Civil War ; died 
about 1642. 3. John, born about 1609, in 
England, probably died there. 4. Deb- 
orah, died probably in England. 5. 
Eunice, born in England, came to Massa- 
chusetts Bay Colony with her mother ; 
married William Butler, and died in 1648. 
6. Mary, married Alexander Adams, and 
died in 1677 or thereabouts. 

The Widow Joan and her children, 
Tristram, Eunice and Mary, her sons-in- 
law, her daughter-in-law, Dionis, and five 
grandchildren, came to Salisbury in 1642. 
She died in Boston in May, 1661, aged 
seventy-seven years, and in the notice 
of her death it is quaintly stated that 
the Rev. Mr. Wilson, "embalmed her 

(IV) Tristram (2) Coffin, son of Peter 
and Joan (Thember) Coffin, was born in 
the parish of Brixton, Devonshire, Eng- 
land, probably in 1605. He was the heir 
of his father's estate in Brixton, and one 
of the landed gentry of Devonshire. He 
died at his home on Nantucket Island, 
Massachusetts, October 2, 1681. It is a 
strange fact that the Christian name of the 
immigrant forefather of all the Coffins in 
America, Tristram, is repeated and multi- 
plied in every generation, while the name 
of the ancestress, Dionis, is repeated but 
once in all the time since the founding of 
the family here. It is not known on 
which of the early ships conveying pas- 
sengers to New England the Coffin family 
took passage. Tristram Coffin settled in 
Haverhill, Massachusetts, in 1642. The 
early settlers of Salisbury, which town 



was established October y, 1640, com- 
menced a settlement at Pentucket the 
same year, and the Indian deed for this 
land was witnessed by Tristram Coffin in 
1642, and in 1643 he removed to the place 
which was established as the town of 
Haverhill, Norfolk county, and here set- 
tled near Robert Clement. Tradition has 
it that Tristram Coffin was the first man 
to plow land in the town of Haverhill, 
and that he constructed his own plow. 
He changed his residence to the "Rocks" 
in the following- year, and in 1648-49 re- 
moved to Newbury, where he kept an 
ordinary, sold wine and liquor, and kept 
the Newbury side of Carr's Ferry. In 
September, 1643, his wife Dionis was 
prosecuted for selling beer for two pence 
a quart, while the regular selling price 
was but two pence, but she proved that 
she had put six bushels of malt into the 
hogshead, while the law required only 
four, and she was discharged. He re- 
turned to Salisbury, and was commis- 
sioner of the town, and while living there 
purchased or planned the purchase of the 
Island of Nantucket, where he and his 
associates removed on account of reli- 
gious persecution. At least Thomas 
Macy, who was one of the pioneer set- 
tlers on Nantucket, "fled from the officers 
of the law and sold his property and home 
rather than submit to tyranny, which pun- 
ished a man for being hospitable to 
strangers in the rainstorm even though 
the strangers be Quakers." Mr. Macy 
returned to Salisbury and resided there 
in 1644, and then he sold his house and 
lands, and so the story of his flight from 
persecution would seem to be spoiled, and 
history perhaps gives the true reason for 
his migration, the search for a milder 
climate and better opportunities for cul- 
tivating the soil. 

Early in 1654 Tristram Coffin took 
Peter Folger, grandfather of Benjamin 

Franklin, then living at the Vineyard, as 
an interpreter of the Indian language, 
and proceeded to Nantucket to ascertain 
the "temper and disposition of the In- 
dians, and the capability of the island, 
that he might report to the citizens of 
Salisbury what inducements were offered 
to emigrants." A grant of the island had 
been given to Thomas Mayhew by Wil- 
liam Earl, of Sterling, and recorded in the 
secretary's office in New York, July 2, 
1659. Thomas Mayhew deeded the island 
to Tristram Coffin, Stephen Greenleaf, 
William Pike, Thomas Macy, Thomas 
Barnard, Christopher Hussey, John 
Swain, retaining an interest of one-twen- 
tieth for himself, the consideration being 
"thirty pounds and two beaver hats, one 
for myself and one for my wife." Later 
the same parties purchased from one 
Manackmamak, head sachem of Nan- 
tucket, a large part of their lands, con- 
sideration forty pounds. James Coffin 
accompanied Thomas Macy and family, 
Edward Starbuck and Isaac Coleman to 
the island later in the same year, and 
they all took up their residence there. 
The Coffin family that settled in Nan- 
tucket included Tristram, Sr., James, 
Mary, John and Stephen, each the head 
of a family. Tristram Coffin was thirty- 
seven years old at the time of his re- 
moval to Nantucket. During the first 
year of his residence there he was the 
richest proprietor on the island. The 
property of his son Peter is said soon to 
have exceeded that of his father, the fam- 
ily together owning about one-fourth of 
the island, and all of Tuckernock. On 
June 29, 1671, Francis Lovelace, gov- 
ernor of New York, granted a commis- 
sion to Tristram Coffin to be chief magis- 
trate on and over the island of Nantucket 
and Tuckanyckett (Deeds III., secre- 
tary's office, Albany, New York). At the 
same time Thomas Mayhew was appoint- 



ed the chief magistrate of Martha's Vine- 
yard through commissions signed bv 
Governor Lovelace of New York, bearing 
date June 29, 1671, and the two chief 
magistrates, with two assistants for each 
island, constituted a general court, with 
appellative jurisdiction over both islands. 
The appointment was made by Governor 
Francis Lovelace. Tristram Coffin's sec- 
ond commission, dated September 16, 
1677, was signed by Sir Edward Andros, 
governor-general of the province of New 
York. On his death in 1681, he was sur- 
vived by his widow Dionis, seven chil- 
dren, sixty grandchildren, and a number 
of great grandchildren. In 1728 one thou- 
sand one hundred and twenty-eight of his 
descendants, which numbered one thou- 
sand five hundred and eighty-two, were 

Tristram Cofifin married Dionis Stevens 
(the diminutive for Dionysia and after- 
wards Dionys), daughter of Robert Ste- 
vens, of Brixton, England. Their chil- 
dren, the first five of whom were born in 
England, were: i. Hon. Peter, born in 
163 1, died in Exeter, New Hampshire, 
March 2, 1715. 2. Tristram, born in 1632, 
died in Newbury, February 4, 1704. 3. 
Elizabeth, married, in Newbury, Novem- 
ber 13, 165 1, Captain Stephen Greenleaf, 
and died November 29, 1678. 4. James, 
mentioned below. 5. John, died in Haver- 
hill, October 20, 1642. 6. Deborah, born 
November 15, 1643, ^^^^ December 8th 
following. 7. Mary, mentioned below. 8. 
John, born October 8, 1647, ^^^^ Septem- 
ber 5, 171 1. 9. Stephen, born May 11, 
1652, in Newbury, died in Nantucket, 
May 18, 1734. 

(V) James Cofifin, son of Tristram (2) 
and Dionis (Stevens) Coffin, was born in 
1640 in England, and died at Nantucket, 
July 28, 1720, aged eighty years. He 
came to Nantucket with the first settlers, 
but subsequently removed to Dover, New 

Hampshire, where he resided in 1668, 
being a member of the church there in 
1671. On May 31, 1671, he was made a 
freeman in Dover, but soon after this 
date he returned to Nantucket, and made 
his home there until his death. He was 
one of the associate proprietors of Nan- 
tucket and filled several important public 
offices on the island, among them that of 
judge of the Probate Court, to which he 
was the first to be appointed (1680). 

From James Coffin have descended the 
most notable representatives of the Coffin 
family, as doubtless the most numerous 
and generally scattered. This branch fur- 
nished the family that remained on the 
side of Great Britain during the Revolu- 
tion. Sir Isaac Coffin, brother of General 
John Coffin (who rendered active service 
against the Colonies) did not take active 
part in the War of the Revolution. He 
was in the British navy at the breaking 
out of the war, and at his own request 
was assigned to the Mediterranean, that 
he might not have to fight against his 
own kindred. Although the highest 
honors had been conferred on him in the 
Spanish navy, and he had been made a 
member of Parliament, he cherished a re- 
gard for his native land. In 1826 he vis- 
ited Boston, and Nantucket, and was 
honorably received. Harvard University 
conferred on him the honorary degree of 
Master of Arts. At Nantucket he founded 
a school, chiefly in the interest of the 
Coffin family. The land on which the 
school stands was given by Gorham 
Cofifin, who was one of the trustees. The 
school is still in existence, and at the 
present time is a Mechanical Training 
School for the inhabitants of the island. 
One of the most distinguished women 
which America has produced, Lucretia 
Mott, was also descended from this line. 
James Coffin married, December 3, 1663, 
Mary Severance, daughter of John and 



Abigail Severance, of Salisbury, Massa- 
chusetts. They were the parents of four- 
teen children. 

(V) Mary Coffin, daughter of Tristram 
(2) and Dionis (Stevens) Coffin, was born 
February 20, 1645, in Haverhill, Massa- 
chusetts, and died on the Island of Nan- 
tucket, September 13, 1717. She became 
the wife of Nathaniel Starbuck, of Nan- 
tucket (see Starbuck II), and was the 
mother of the first white child born on the 

(VI) Dinah Coffin, daughter of James 
and Mary (Severance) Coffin, became the 
wife of Nathaniel (2) Starbuck, and was 
the great-great-great-great-grandmother 
of Mrs. Caroline E. (Slade) Brayton, of 
Fall River. (See Starbuck III). 

(The starbuck Line). 

The surname Starbuck, according to 
Lower, quoting Ferguson partially, is de- 
rived from the Old Norse, with the fol- 
lowing explanation: "In the Old Norse, 
bokki means vir grandis, corpore et animo. 
Hence Storbocki, from stor, great, vir im- 
pcriosiis." The name means, literally, 
great man or leader, and is first found in 
English records in the poll tax for the 
West Riding of Yorkshire, in the year 


The American Starbucks, one of the 
foremost families of the Island of Nan- 
tucket for over two and a half centuries, 
comprise the progeny of Edward Star- 
buck, an Englishman of substance, who 
was among the earliest and most influ- 
ential settlers of Nantucket. 

(I) Edward Starbuck, immigrant an- 
cestor and founder, was born in 1604, and 
came to xA.merica about 1635, from Derby- 
shire, England, bringing with him his 
wife Katharine. He settled in Dover, 
New Hampshire, where he is first men- 
tioned, June 30, 1643, when he received 
a grant of forty acres of land on each side 

of the Fresh river at Cutchechoe, and also 
one plat of marsh above Cutchechoe 
Great Marsh, "that the brook that runs 
out of the river runs through, first dis- 
covered by Richard Walderne, Edward 
Colcord, Edward Starbuck, and William 
Furber." He received other grants of 
land at different times, including one of 
marsh in Great Bay in 1643, one of the 
mill privilege at Cutchechoe 2nd Falls 
(with Thomas Wiggins), and one of tim- 
ber to "accommodate" in 1650, and vari- 
ous others. He was one of the foremost 
settlers of Dover, a representative of the 
town in 1643 ^^^ 1646, and undoubtedly 
would have lived comfortably there until 
his death, honored and respected by his 
fellow-townsmen, had he not embraced 
the Baptist faith. He was the owner of 
extensive properties, and was in all proba- 
bility a man of substance as to posses- 
sions, as tradition says he was in body. 
Despite this he fell into disrepute for dar- 
ing to believe different from the intol- 
erant, bigoted Puritans of his day. In 
"Provincial Papers of the New Hamp- 
shire Historical Society," we find the fol- 

October 18, 1648.— The Court being im formed 
of great misdemeanor Committed by Edward 
Starbuck of Dover with profession of Ababaptism 
for which he is to be proceeded against at the next 
Court of Assistants if evidence can be prepared 
by that time & it being very farre for witnesses 
to travill to Boston at that season of the year, It 
is therefore ordered bt this Court that the Secre- 
tary shall give Commission to Capt. Thomas Wig- 
gan & Mr. Edw. Smyth to send for such persons 
as they shall have notice of which are able to tes- 
tify in the sd. cause & to take their testimony 
uppon oath & certifie the same to the secretary as 
soon as may be, that further proceedings may be 
therein, if the cause shall so require. 

It is not to be wondered at that Ed- 
ward Starbuck was quite ready to leave 
Dover, despite his advanced age, and his 
interests in and around the town. He 




was fifty-five years of age when he joined 
Thomas Macy in his voyage from Salis- 
bury to Nantucket. They arrived at Nan- 
tucket in the autumn of 1659, and re- 
mained during the winter at the outskirts 
of the island, removing later to a more 
central location, now called Cambridge. 
In the spring of 1660, Edward Starbuck 
returned to Dover for his family, all of 
whom returned with him except his 
daughters, Sarah Austin and Abigail 
Cofifin. On his return to Nantucket he at 
once became active in of^cial affairs, and 
was at one time magistrate. He died at 
Nantucket, April 12, 1690. His wife was 
Katharine (Reynolds) Starbuck, a woman 
of Welsh parentage. 

(II) Nathaniel Starbuck, son of Ed- 
ward and Katharine (Reynolds) Star- 
buck, was born in Dover, New Hamp- 
shire, February 20, 1645. ^^ was the 
only son who lived to perpetuate the 
name. He was a wealthy landowner, and 
a man of no mean abilities, yet he seems 
to have been eclipsed by the exceptional 
brilliancy of his wife, IMary (Cofifin) Star- 

Mary (Coffin) Starbuck was born in 
Haverhill, Massachusetts, February 20, 
1645, daughter of Tristram (2) and Dionis 
(Stevens) Coffin. (See Coffin V). At 
the age of seventeen years she was mar- 
ried to Nathaniel Starbuck. She had been 
baptized by Peter Folger in Waiputquat 
pond, but years afterward became con- 
verted to the principles of the Friends, 
and their meetings were held at her 
house. She became a preacher in the 
Society, as were also several of her chil- 
dren, her grandsons, Elihu and Nathaniel 
Coleman, and her granddaughter, Pris- 
cilla Bunker. On account of her superior 
judgment, she was often consulted in 
town affairs, taking an active part in de- 
bates, and usually prefacing her remarks 
with "My husband and I, having con- 

sidered the subject, think, etc." She was 
a remarkable woman, anticipating by two 
centuries the advanced views of women 
of to-day. She took an active part in 
practically every phase of the early life 
of the town. Mary Starbuck was "as dis- 
tinguished in her domestic economy as 
she was celebrated as a preacher." 

Nathaniel Starbuck died June 6, 1719. 
His wife died September 13, 1717, and 
was buried in the Friends' Burying 

(III) Nathaniel (2) Starbuck, son of 
Nathaniel (i) and Mary (Coffin) Star- 
buck, was born in Nantucket, August 9, 
1668. He married Dinah Coffin, daughter 
of James and Mary (Severance) Coffin. 
(See Coffin VI). 

(IV) Mary Starbuck, daughter of Na- 
thaniel (2) and Dinah (Coffin) Starbuck, 
became the wife of Jethro Folger, in Octo- 
ber, 1710. (See Folger IV). 

LAWTON, Dr. William 

The Lawton family is a lineage of his- 
toric Cheshire, England, founded since 
the age of the Conqueror, when the Nor- 
man progenitor of the family acquired 
large landed estates and bestowed his 
name on the territory. A long and 
ancient pedigree of the family exists since 
the reign of Henry VI., when Hugh de 
Lawton, of Lawton, Cheshire, is found in 
possession of the Manor of Lawton in 
that county, his inheritance from his early 
century ancestors. 

Arms — Argent, on a fesse between three crosses 
crosslet fitchee sable as many cinquefoils of the 

Crest — A demi-wolf salient reguardant argent, 
vulned in the breast gules. 

Motto — Liberte tonte entiere. (Liberty unfet- 

(I) Hugh de Lawton, of Lawton, 
Cheshire, living temp. Henry VI., mar- 
ried Isabella Kernys, daughter of John 



Madoc, and widow of Bekyn Kernys. 
Isabella was the heiress of John Madoc, 
whose only son William died without 
heirs, and she inherited the whole of her 
father's large estate. 

(II) John de Lawton, surviving son of 
Hugh and Isabella (Madoc-Kernys) de 
Lawton, died in the lifetime of his father, 
having previously married, and left an 
only surviving son. 

(III) Richard Lawton, Esq., of Law- 
ton, son of John de Lawton, and grand- 
son and heir of Hugh de Lawton, of Law- 
ton, and also heir of his grandmother 
Isabella, married and left a son. 

(IV) James Lawton, Esq., of Lawton, 
son of Richard Lawton, of Lawton, mar- 
ried Eleanora More, daughter of Mat- 
thew More, Esq., of The Hall-o'-th'- 
Heath (otherwise called "Hollowheath"), 
Cheshire, and had issue. 

(V) William Lawton, Esq., of Lawton, 
son of James and Eleanora (More) Law- 
ton, married Katherine Bellot, daughter 
of Thomas Bellot, Esq., of Moreton, 
County Chester, and died 28th December 
in the 5th year of King Edward VL; left 
surviving among other children : 

(VI) John (2) Lawton, Esq., of Law- 
ton, son of William and Katherine (Bel- 
lot) Lawton, was in enjoyment of the 
manor of Lawton in 1580. He married 
(first) Anne Corbet, widow of Robert 
Corbet, Esq., of Hatherton, and by her 
had no issue. He married (second) Mar- 
garet Dutton, daughter of Fulke Dutton, 
Esq., and by her had issue : 

(VII) John (3) Lawton, of Church 
Lawton, Cheshire, youngest son and 
fourth child of John (2) and Margaret 
(Dutton) Lawton, born about 1582, mar- 
ried and left issue among others : 

(VIII) John (4) Lawton, probable son 
of John (3) Lawton, of Church Lawton, 
Cheshire, the American settler, of whom 

(The Family in America). 

(I) John Lawton, founder of the family 
in America, probably born in Cheshire, 
traditional son of John Lawton, of that 
county, and descendant of the ancient 
Lawtons of Lawton, was an early pioneer 
of the American colonies. It is declared 
that he had two brothers, George and 
Thomas, and that all three removed to 
America and settled there. John Lawton 
was admitted among the inhabitants of 
Newport, Rhode Island, on or after May 
20, 1638, and in the same year George 
Lawton was admitted at Portsmouth, 
Rhode Island, and Thomas Lawton then 
or soon thereafter. Of the founder, John 
Lawton, no further record than his ad- 
mission as an inhabitant appears at New- 
port, and it is probable that he soon re- 
moved and became resident at Ipswich, 
Massachusetts, where he appears as early 
as 1648, and where he had a house and 
land in 1663. His marriage probably 
occurred in Ipswich, and in 1677, with 
his family, he removed to Suffield, then 
considered a part of Massachusetts, but 
later within the bounds of Connecticut, 
and on April 4, 1677, it is recorded that 
the Committee for Suffield having met, 
granted to "John Lawton sixty acres, the 
lot which was intended for Edward Chap- 
man." He died in Suffield, December 17, 

1690. He married Benedicta , who 

died November 18, 1692. Issue: i. James 
Lawton, of whom below. 2. Benedicta 
Lawton. 3. Mary Lawton. (Probably 
other daughters). 

(II) James Lawton, son of John and 
Benedicta Lawton, was born in Suffield 
Connecticut (then Massachusetts), and 
has been called the "only son" of the 
founder, John Lawton. He resided 
throughout his life in Suffield, where he 
was of high standing and responsibility, 
and to his sons he afforded an excellent 
education. He died respected and 



;i* vil'C 

Madoc ( Mado:r: )... ,)is — -\ ..e, liend or. m .! ief three boys' heads couped 
at the shoulders afgeiit, .earli envvrappe^l about with a ?uake proper, in 

base as many griffins' heads erased of the third. 

Crest — A hon'^head er.ised or, pierced through \vord in pale, 

the point coming ot'lt at '': -t * the he- I hnbnied I'l. ,^ ^ . , mi Led .id pommelled 
of the first. 

More Arms — Ermine, a ie^;c gules Ijc: 

Duttoh Anns — Quarterly argent and g 

Crest — Out of a ducal coronet,or.4 plume uf 
or, vert and tenee. ' .--^ 

Leetes (Lcete) Ari:;s — Argmt, on a fesse gii - hetv -U' • > rolls of matches 
sable, fired proper, a martlet or. 

Crest — On a ducal coronet an antique lamp or.^fired proper. 

Lezveston ^LrtL>7>/(^ L.fft|2?r^-Gules. three battl^gp^lcj^ent. 

Bellot Anns — Argent, on a chief gules three cin'quefoils of the held. 

Crest — A fox's head erased sable. 

moorcocks proper. 

•- 2nd and 3rd a fret or. 
-r-ich feather-, gules, azure. 





Madoc, and widow of Bekyn Kernys. 
Isabella was the heiress of J«-'hn Madoc, 
whose only son William died without 
heirs, and she inherited the whole of her 
father's large estate. 

(II) John de Lawton, surviving son of 
Hugh and Isabella (Madoc-Keniys) ' 
Lawton, died in the lifetime of hi& tai! 
having previously married, and left an 
only surviving son. 

(III) Richard Lawton, Esq., of Law- 
ton, son of John de Lawton, and grand- 
son and heir of Hugh de Lawton, of Law- 
ton, and also heir of his grandmother 
Isabella, married and left a son. 

(IV) James Lawton, Esq., of Lawton, 
son of Richard Lawton, of Lawton, mar- 
ried Eleanor. daughter of Mat- 
thew More. r.^c.i., of The Hall-o'-th'- 

(The Family in America;. 

(I) John Lawton, founder of the family 
in America, probably born in Cheshire, 
traditional son of John Lawton, of that 
county, and descendant of the ancient 
Lawtons of Lawton, was an early pioneer 
the American colonies. It is declared 
at he had two brothers, George and 
Thomas, and that all three removed to 
America and settled there. John Lawton 
was admitted among- the inhabitants of 
Newport, Rhode Island, on or after May 
20, 1638, and in the same year George 
Lawton was admitted at Portsmouth^ 
Rhode Island, and Thomas Lawton then 
or soon thereafter. Of the founder, John 
Lawton. r- ^nrther record than his ad- 
missi It appears at New- 

v>ort, ..■■•: 

it he soon re- 

Heatl^pth^eng^^jG^^g'^gl^Yffee^^^ic^'hrr^ v. ^>:L-,citoWpswich, 

Chesl^jfe,^^j^^^^^,jj^i^.rfji7/ ^i-jgn gdJ luods fckipffflr^ja!sat58?\iJ"n9§3i*ii^ia^^ri^ a4^efely 
(V) \Viniam Lawton, Esq., of LawtfettllJ ^fel m/^'^^mr-km^kl^^-^'-''- ""''^^^i^ind 


son of9J^mfet®^/Oe^iiWra!-^PMtfl%y^g,^''J l^^'AW,^ %^],? ,^'WiV '^'''brpbably 

ton, :litV?f^9'qa^m^:^3|i'^t^.!!y?,-'^a%te ^^o^cu^'rVf ^"^^^r^H^^i^^th 
of Thomas B^V ' \,^,^.^^■^^^^^p^(^g^„:i^^->^J[)^^^^^ 

County C1j^^§^^ . ,, ■ M-^gtk RfecftHjiifeghr^ bcDradda^'ii,^ vi-t-ftaetJl^^^^ but 

in the,^kjj-^v.^,rg .ksmigB^dighitfdoVift; ■*a^n"lat€r^o^^Hhffi53tfefe'M&%AH^"^-TJfe^\?ecticut, 
surviving am ^'ildren- , .and on April 4. i677/\f"ilig"nr3l'&4ftat 

(\fy^'j%t{ii . mq., ui Lsw- tfie com%|§g-i|ft^ gbi^^,^ b^m^stdmu 

ton, son of Wiiiiam a^^<^J<^^i^^i£^^,(j^^l gg^^Rfee^Bt^r^^fUL'ftJ^ft^mfei^tH'a'&es, the 
lot) Lawton, was ii)}[i§btfi>?f^*'L%IJ9^'ftfe»rIU(atIu\liieh,\wms I^W- ' '^ '"*"" ^''-\ Chap- 

manor of Law.ihiiartiarIi|&:<noHE^pfflam9di ^■liiSi'^^^'^Jpi^ i?9ed|':';- ./ber 17, 

(first) Anne Corbet, w; Robert 

Corbet, Esq., of Hathertor, :; by her 
had no issue. He married (second) Mar- 
garet Button, daughter of Fulke Dutton, 
Esq., and by her had issue: 

(VII) John (3) Lawton, of Church 
Lawton, Cheshire, youngest son and 
fourth child of John (2) and Margaret 
(Dutton) Lawton, born aN'Pt 1582. m.-jr- 
ried and left issue amoni 

(VIII) John (4) Lawtt 
of John (3) Lawton, of >^ 

Chei' American seiti' riom 

r69a.f^%i^»?rife^i6rife%ifa~-H::i^. who 
died November 18, 1692. Issue: i. James 
Lawton, of whom below. 2. Benedicta 
Lawton. 3. Mary Lawton. (Probably 
other daughters). 

(11) James Lawton, son of John and 
Benedicta Lawton, was born in Suffield 
Connecticut (then Massachusetts), and 
has been called the "only son" of the 
founder, John Lawton. He resided 
throughout his life in Sufifield, where he 
was of high standinio: r-rd responsibility, 
and to his so: n excellent 

education. lie -icc d and 



esteemed by his fellow-townsmen, leav- 
ing eight children surviving him, among 
whom was Jacob (Christopher Jacob), 
mentioned below. 

(Ill) Christopher Jacob Lawton, son 
of James Lawton, was born in Suffield, 
Connecticut, July 20, 1701. He was chris- 
tened "Jacob," but states an historian 
"from caprice adopted in his business as 
a lawyer the name of Christopher Jacob." 
His youth was passed in Suffield, and 
there he received his education, early 
manifesting an inclination for the legal 
profession, in which he began studies 
when still a boy, and his entrance to the 
bar was probably made soon after he 
attained his majority. He is found in 
practice at Suffield before 1726. At the 
period when he began practicing there, 
the town, together with Enfield, Somers, 
and Woodstock, was considered under 
the jurisdiction of Massachusetts. In 
1726 Mr. Lawton was admitted to the 
bar of Hampshire county, Massachusetts, 
though he still continued to reside and 
practice in Suffield. In 1734 he received 
the appointment of coroner for the county 
of Hampshire, and the following year, 
1735, left Suffield, and established himself 
in Leicester, Massachusetts. 

Mr. Lawton brought with him a dis- 
tinguished reputation for his work at the 
Connecticut bar, and he has been called 
one of the "noted lawyers" in Connecti- 
cut, who "gave early and honorable char- 
acter" to that provincial bar. In 1735 he 
purchased a farm in the westerly part of 
Leicester, the land lying upon both sides 
of the Great road, the former owners from 
whom he acquired it having been Josiah 
Converse, Sr., and his son, Josiah Con- 
verse. He made his home upon this farm 
until 1753, when he conveyed it to his son 
Pliny. Mr. Lawton was as notably promi- 
nent in Leicester as he had been in Suf- 
field ; in 1736, 1740, and 1741, he was rep- 
Mass 11 — 10 I 

resentative to the General Court, and con- 
tinued in the practice of his profession 
until 1751, after which he retired from all 
active pursuits. He was at one time the 
owner of the town of Blandford, Massa- 
chusetts, and was a man of considerable 
property, according to the valuations of 
that period. 

Mr. Lawton died in Leicester, not long 
after 1753. 

(IV) Dr. Pliny Lawton, son of Jacob 
(Christopher Jacob) Lawton, was born in 
Suffield, Connecticut. He removed with 
his father in 1735 to Leicester, Massachu- 
setts, and there completed his studies for 
entrance to the medical profession. He 
attained his degree before 1748, although 
it is apparent that he did not begin active 
practice until later, for he was engaged 
for some fifteen months, during 1748 and 

1749, in teaching school in Leicester, 
although at that time called "Doctor." In 
1753 he received from his father a con- 
veyance of the latter's farm in Leicester, 
lying beside the Great road, and there 
took up his residence with his wife. Later, 
however, they removed to the mansion 
built by Judge Steele, a prominent towns- 
man, at the corner of Flip lane, and here 
Dr. Lawton continued to live until his 
death, which occurred in Leicester in 
1761 from smallpox. The terror of this 
dreaded disease was such at the time that 
he was not allowed burial in the general 
cemetery, but his body was interred in 
his own field on the east side of Flip lane 
about twenty rods from the Great road. 
There his tombstone was standing until 
within a few years ago, but is now com- 
pletely obliterated. 

Dr. Pliny Lawton married, June 18, 

1750, Lucretia Sargent, daughter of Jon- 
athan Sargent, of Leicester. (See Sar- 
gent V). Issue: i. James. 2. William, 
mentioned below. 

(V) Dr. William Lawton, son of Dr. 



Pliny and Lucretia (Sargent) Lavvton, 
was born in Leicester, Massachusetts, 
April 9, 1759. Followingf the profession 
of his father, he studied medicine, and 
entering upon its practice in Leicester, 
became there a contemporary of the noted 
Dr. Larned, of that place. After some 
years he left Leicester, and was later in 
Newport, Rhode Island, but afterwards 
was stationed in West Point, as surgeon 
in the service of the United States. There 
he continued until 1795, and probably 
after that date. He made occasional visits 
to Leicester, however, being there in 1788 
and 1792, but never permanently returned 
to reside there. 

Dr. William Lawton married Abigail 
Farrington, born in Flushing, Long 
Island, December 12, 1763. (See Farring- 
ton). Issue (among others) : Phebe, 
mentioned below. 

(VI) Phebe Lawton, daughter of Dr. 
William and Abigail (Farrington) Law- 
ton, was born in Newport, Rhode Island, 
August 21, 1781. She died in Somerset, 
Massachusetts, March 18, 1874. She mar- 
ried William Slade, born in Swansea, 
Massachusetts, June 4, 1780, died in Som- 
erset, September 7, 1852, son of Jonathan 
and Mary (Chase) Slade. (See Slade V). 

(The Sargent Line). 

The derivation of the surname Sargent 
finds its basis in the Latin phrase servien- 
tes armorum; that is, men discharging a 
military service and hence soldiers ; and 
from the ancient term servicns ad legem 
(i. e.. "serjeant of the law"), in very early 
and widespread use, and thus is derived 
the name of Sargent of the present day. 
Until about the reigns of Henry III. or 
Edward I., the surname kept its Latin 
form, but prior thereto we find many 
representations of the name cited in 
the Maegu Rotiil Scaccarii Normannie, 
in Rotuli Curiae Regis, and in Rotuhis 

Cancellaru. The Norman origin of the 
name is indicated by the presence, in 
1180-1195, of Malger and Gislebert 
Serviens in Normandy, and in 1198 
Gislebert, Horsel and Roger Serviens 
are found in the same country. In 
the latter year, 1198, Robert Serviens ap- 
pears in England ; in 1202 are discovered 
Henry, Herbert, Simon and Walter Ser- 
viens ; in 1272, Walter le Seriant in York- 
shire, William Le Serjiant in Hertford- 
shire, and William Le Serjaunt, Theobald 
le Seriant and Peter le Seriant of Buck- 
inghamshire ; in 1275, Henry le Serjant 
was of Lincolnshire; in 1276, Roger le 
Serjant was of the same county, and an- 
other Roger le Serjaunt appears in Ox- 
fordshire; in 1277, William le Serjaunt 
was in Staffordshire; and in 1324, Adam 
le Serjant was one of the burgesses in 
Bridgenorth, Shropshire. 

Arms — Argent, a chevron between three dol- 
phins embowed sable. 

Crest — A dolphin embowed sable, between two 
wings argent. 

Of all the families of Sargent to become 
established in England, that of the 
County of Northampton was among the 
earliest. It is from this ancient house 
that the American family of Sargent de- 
scends ; its arms were procured as early 
as the year 13:^4, and the records of the 
family disclose the surname appearing as 
Serjaunt, Sergaunt, and Sariant. Of this 
Northamptonshire family is found, in the 
year 1275, Walter le Serjaunt or Sergaunt, 
of that county, and then in residence 
there, and two years later, in 1277, is 
found Thomas Serjaunt in the same 
county. In 1503 Dominus Thomas Ser- 
geaunt was of Huxlow Hundred, north- 
east from the town of Northampton ; in 
1 5 12 Dominus Thomas Sergeaunt was of 
St. Giles Church, Spelho Hundred, not far 
from the town of Northampton ; and of 



Huxlow Hundred, also, was William Ser- 
jaunt in 1545. Thomas le Serjaunt, of 
Wimersley Hundred, De la Pre, situated 
a few miles southeast from the town of 
Northampton, was living about 1545; he 
was a large landowner, and made a gift 
of land and rents in Hardingstone and 
Cotes to the historic Abbey of St. Mary 
de Pratis or De la Pre Abbey, located one 
and a half miles out from Northampton, 
and founded in the reign of King Stephen 
by Simon de St. Liz. 

(The Ancient Lineage). 

(I) Hugh Sargent (whose surname ap- 
pears in many instances as Sariant) was 
of Courteenhall, County Northampton, 
England, where he was born about 1530. 
Courteenhall, the place of his birth, is 
situated somewhat more than five miles 
from the town of Northampton. Hugh 
Sargent married Margaret Gifford, daugh- 
ter of Nicholas and Agnes (Masters) Gif- 
ford, of the Abbey of St. James, a western 
suburb of Northampton, and a descend- 
ant of the distinguished Gifford family of 
England. (See Gifford). Hugh Sargent 
died February 23, 1595-96, and was buried 
from Courteenhall Church on the ist of 
March following. He had issue fifteen 
children, among whom was Roger, men- 
tioned below. 

(II) Roger Sargent, son of Hugh and 
Margaiet (Gifford) Sargent, was born 
about 1562, He was junior bailiff at 
Northampton in 1616 and 1617, and be- 
came mayor of Northampton in 1626. He 
made his will, April 12, 1649, ^"^ ^^ was 
proved February 22, 1649-50. He died in 
Northampton in July, 1649, ^^^ was 
buried July 16, 1649. 

He married, January 3, 1589-90, Ellen 
Makernes, who died in October, 1645, ^^^ 
was buried on the 21st of the month. She 
was the daughter of William Makernes, 
of Finedon, who made his will March 10, 

1612. Issue eleven children, of whom the 
seventh was William, mentioned below. 

(The Family in America). 

(I) William Sargent, founder of the 
family in America, son of Roger and Ellen 
(Makernes) Sargent, was born in Cour- 
teenhall, County Northampton, England, 
and baptized June 20, 1602. He spent the 
first thirty-six years of his life in North- 
ampton, and was thrice married before his 
removal to America. When twenty-four 
years of age, on July 20, 1646, he was 
made a freeman in Northampton, Eng- 
land. He was prominent in the city, and 
became senior bailiff in 1632-33. For six 
years longer he continued in Northamp- 
ton and about 1637-38 married, as his 
third wife, Sarah Minshall, widow of Wil- 
liam Minshall, and not long after, in 1638, 
began preparations for his voyage to the 
New World. 

In 1638, with his third wife Sarah, and 
two daughters by his first wife, William 
Sargent left Northampton and embarked 
for Charlestown, New England, settling 
in that part of the town called "Mystic 
Side." On March 10, 1638-39, he was 
admitted to the church in Charlestown, 
and his wife was admitted the following 
Sunday. In 1638-39 he became a free- 
man. There was then no regular church 
at Mystic Side, and there being no pas- 
tor, William Sargent was chosen as lay 
preacher, and officiated from 1648 to 1650. 
He was a man well calculated and accus- 
tomed by his previous standing in Eng- 
land for the office, and Johnson, in his 
"Wonder-working Providence," states: 
"The people gathered into a church some 
distance of time before they could attain 
to any church officer to administer the 
Seals unto them, yet in the meantime at 
their Sabbath assemblies they had a godly 
Christian named Mr. Sargent who did 
preach the Word to them till 1650." 



His lands were situated in the southerly 
part of Mystic Side (or, as it was named 
in 1649, Maiden), on the southerly slope 
of a hill (later called Belmont Hill), and 
about one and one-third miles northeast 
from the river. This land he held as early 
as 1640 (with the exception of three acres 
adjoining it, which he purchased in 1654), 
and it was in that part of Maiden, which 
was afterwards set oiT, and in 1870 named 
"Everett" in honor of the distinguished 
Edward Everett. Upon this land stood 
the old homestead of the founder, a typi- 
cal colonial residence, sturdily timbered, 
built to endure, and long an historic land- 
mark of Massachusetts in the age of the 
pioneers. This homestead William Sar- 
gent bequeathed to his eldest son, John, 
who in turn divided its use between his 
sons, Jonathan and Ebenezer, "with all 
the Land adjoining thereunto That was 
his (John's) father William Sargeants." 

Still retaining his property at Maiden, 
William Sargent, about the year 1656 or 
1657, left that township and established 
his domicile in Barnstable, and on the 
29th of the 4th month, 1658, gave power 
of attorney to Joseph Hills, a prominent 
resident of Maiden, concerning his prop- 
erty at that place. In 1657 he was made 
a freeman of Plymouth Colony. In Barn- 
stable, as in Maiden, he was a lay 
preacher, and officiated in the pulpit for- 
merly occupied by the Rev. Dr. Lathrop, 
deceased, in 1653. ^^ ^^ evident that he 
leased or rented his Maiden property on 
his removal to Barnstable, for in 1661 he 
appears as plaintiff in a suit to recover his 
rent, and a lengthy document in the case, 
called "Articles of Agreement had, made 
and concluded on the first day of the 5th 
month, 1658, Betwixt William Sergeant 
of Barnstable in the Jurisdiccon of New 
Plymouth, on the one partie ; and James 
Lane of Maiden in the Massachusetts, on 
the other partie," sets forth under eleven 
"Items" the conditions of the contract. 

He died in Barnstable, December 16, 
1682. He married (first) in England, 

Hannah , who died in September, 

1632. He married (second) in England, 

Marie , who died about 1637. He 

married (third) in England, Sarah Min- 
shall, widow of William Minshall, of 
Whitchurch, County Salop, Gentleman, 
and theretofore of Bunbury, Cheshire. 
She died in Barnstable, January 12, 1688- 
89. Issue by first wife, two daughters: 
I. Hannah. 2. Elizabeth. Issue by third 
wife, three children, as follows: i. John, 
mentioned below. 2. Ruth, born October 
25, 1642, died October 4, 171 1; married 
(first), about 1663, Jonathan Winslow, of 
Marshfield, son of Josiah Winslow and 
nephew of Governor Edward Winslow ; 
married (second) in July, 1677, Richard 
Bourne, of Sandwick ; married (third) in 
1684, John Chipman. (See Chipman). 3. 
Samuel Sargent, born March 3, 1644-45. 

(II) John Sargent, son of William and 
Sarah (Minshall) Sargent, was born in 
Charlestown, Massachusetts Bay Colony, 
in December, 1639, and baptized Decem- 
ber 8th following. He accompanied his 
father to Barnstable, 1656-57, and was ad- 
mitted an inhabitant there between 1662 
and 1666, but he returned, about 1669, to 
Maiden. He was selectman six years, and 
in May, 1695, when the town of Maiden 
made a division of two thousand acres of 
its common lands, his name appeared, 
with that of his son John, among the dis- 
tributees. This distribution was by lot 
to all freeholders in the town in propor- 
tion to their ratable estates, and made an 
average of about thirty acres to each per- 
son included. The high esteem in which 
he was held by his fellow-townsmen is 
indicated by the record: "John Sargent, 
Sen'r is the man to draw the lots." John 
Sargent had a large estate in Maiden. 

He died in Maiden, Massachusetts, Sep- 
tember 9, 1716. He was buried in Bell 
Rock Cemetery, formerly the Old Mal- 



ii iittiSe Bi 

Lynde ^^rm.T-^GuleSj a. demi-lion rampant or, a bordure sable bezantee. 

Pope Arms — Or, two chevrons gules; on a canton of the second a mullet of 
the first. 

Crest — A demi-lion vert. 

Odding (Odin) Arms — Gules, a lion rampant argent, debruised with a crozier 
in bend sinister or. 

Crest — A horse- rampant argent. 

Baker Arms — Argent, a tower between three keys erect sable. 

Crest — On a tower sable an arm embowed in armour holding .;a flint stone 

Talbot .ir;/?.?—TAr|fent, three lioncels salient purpure. 

Crest — A talbot passant sable. 

Motto — Toujours fidele. 

Staveley Arms— ArgtnX, on a chevron azure between three lozenges sable a'^ 
manv bucks' heads cabossed or. 


den Burial Ground. There his slate 
gravestone may still be seen. 

He married (first), March 19, 1662, 
Deborah Hillier, of Barnstable, daughter 
of Hugh Hillier. She was born in Yar- 
mouth, October 30, 1643, and died April 
20, 1669. He married (second), Septem- 
ber 3, 1669, Mary Bense. She died Feb- 
ruary, 1670-71. He married (third) Lydia 
Chipman, of Barnstable, daughter of John 
and Hope (Howland) Chipman. (See 
Chipman. See Howland). Issue fifteen 
children, of whom his eldest son by his 
third wife was Jonathan, mentioned be- 

(III) Jonathan Sargent, son of John 
and Lydia (Chipman) Sargent, was born 
April 17, 1677. He was long a resident 
of Maiden, and was selectman of that 
town for three years, and chosen as its 
representative for seven years. In 1735 
he gave a quarter acre of land "in the 
southerly part of Maiden," * * * "be- 
ing part of my homestead whereon now 
I dwell," together with a road twenty-six 
feet wide as a passage to the highway, to 
the "Inhabitants of the southerly part of 
Maiden for a Meeting House." His 
worldly abundance and his generosity are 
thus alike shown, as well as the Christian 
spirit which survived undiminished in this 
third generation of the Puritan and the 
Pilgrim. Later he resided for a time in 
Maxfield in the Connecticut Colony. He 
died October 27, 1754. 

He married (first), March 13, 1699, 
Mary Lynde, daughter of John Lynde. 
She was born July 5, 1678, and died No- 
vember 19, 1716. He married (second), 
November 26, 1717, Mary Sprague, 
daughter of Jonathan Sprague. She was 
born May 25, 1696, and died March 14, 
1787. Issue by first wife among others, 
Jonathan, mentioned below. 

(IV) Jonathan (2) Sargent, son of 
Jonathan (i) and Mary (Lynde) Sar- 

gent, was born February 20, 1700-01. 
After some years in Maiden, he removed 
to Leicester, Massachusetts, and was 
prominent in its affairs. He died in 1777. 
He married, September 29, 1726, Deb- 
orah Richardson, daughter of Nathaniel 
(2) and Abigail (Reed) Richardson. (See 
Richardson IV. See Reed HI). Issue, 
among others, Lucretia, mentioned be- 

(V) Lucretia Sargent, daughter of 
Jonathan (2) and Deborah (Richardson) 
Sargent, was born October 10, 1734. She 
married (first), June 18, 1750, Dr. Pliny 
Lawton, son of Jacob (Christopher Jacob) 
Lawton. (See Lawton IV). She mar- 
ried (second), intentions June 3, 1769, 
Rev. Benjamin Conklin. 

GIFFORD, Nicholas 

The Gifford ancestry, with which the 
Sargent lineage is allied, not only draws 
descent from Normandy for several cen- 
turies before William the Conqueror over- 
threw the Saxons in A. D. 1066, but is 
also allied with the family of Washing- 
ton, from whom George Washington, first 
President of the United States, was de- 
scended, and also with the Pargiters, to 
whom the Washingtons were related, and 
the Samwells, another family from whom 
the Washingtons of England and America 
drew their lineage. 

The spelling of the name was originally 
Giflfard, and the arms of Giffard or Gif- 
ford, as borne at Hastings and in the Cru- 
sades, and which were accorded to the 
descendants of the house in Buckingham- 
shire were : Gules, three lions passant, 
argent, arms which by their simple form 
indicate their great age. These arms 
were borne by the Gifford family of Twy- 
ford, Buckinghamshire, in the fifteenth 
century, and in the Visitation of 1681-82, 
Northamptonshire, the Gifford family are 
authoritatively declared to be lineally de- 



scended from the ancient Giffords, and 
the arms of that noble house, identical in 
form, are there accredited to them. 

Gifford or Giffard Arms — Gules, three lions pas- 
sant, argent. 

(The Ancient Lineage). 

The records of Normandy disclose the 
presence of the noble family of Gififord 
in the eighth century. They were then 
feudal nobles of high station and wealth 
at Honfleur, and continued lords of the 
locality down to the reign of William, 
Duke of Normandy, afterwards styled the 
"Conqueror." Among the nobles who 
accompanied William on his memorable 
voyage to England was Sire Randolph de 
Gifford ; he was one of the Conqueror's 
standard bearers and took part in the 
epochal battle of Hastings on which 
turned the fortunes of the Saxons. This 
Gifford was related in blood to the Royal 
William, and another of the lineage who 
took part at Hastings, Walter de Gifford, 
a cousin of the Conqueror, was, for gal- 
lant services rendered on that occasion, 
created by King William, Earl of Buck- 
ingham, and endowed with large estates. 

The Giffords were represented in Eng- 
land by several distinct lines — that of the 
Giffords, Earls of Buckingham, who after- 
wards became extinct in that title ; that 
of the Giffords, Lords of Brimsfield ; that 
of the Giffords of Chillington, County 
Stafford, and that of the Giffords of Twy- 
ford. County Buckingham, who intermar- 
ried with the Sargents, the Washingtons, 
the Pargiters and the Samwells, and be- 
came the ancestors of the American pio- 

(I) Osborne de Bolebec, a noble of 
Normandy, living temp, Richard Sans 
Peur (eighth century), Duke of Nor- 
mandy, married Avelina, sister of Gun- 
nora, Duchess of Normandy, and had 
issue two sons: i. Walter, mentioned be- 

low. 2. Osborne, younger son, ancestor 
of the Giffords, Lords of Gifford of Brims- 
field, and of the Giffords of Chillington, 
County Stafford. 

(II) Walter Giffard, Earl of Longue- 
ville in Normandy, accompanied William 
the Conqueror to England, and for gal- 
lant service at the battle of Hastings was 
granted the title of Earl of Buckingham, 
A. D. 1070. At the time of the General Sur- 
vey, this nobleman was sent, with Remi- 
gius. Bishop of Lincoln, and others, into 
Worcestershire, and various other coun- 
ties of England, to value the lands be- 
longing to the Crown, as well as those 
belonging to private individuals in those 
parts. He himself possessed at that 
time two lordships in Berkshire, one in 
Wiltshire, one in Somersetshire, one in 
Huntingdonshire, five in Cambridge- 
shire, nine in Oxfordshire, nine in Bed- 
fordshire, three in Suffolk, twenty-eight 
in Norfolk, forty-eight in Buckingham- 
shire, making one hundred and seven 
lordships in all. In A. D. 1089, his Lord- 
ship, adhering to William Rufus, forti- 
fied his mansions in Normandy for that 
King, and became the chief general of his 
army there. Some years afterward, how- 
ever, (1102) he sided with Robert Court- 
hose, against King Henry I. His Lord- 
ship died in 1102, having married Agnes 
Flaitell, daughter of Gerard Flaitell and 
sister of William, Bishop of Eureux, and 
had, with other issue, the following: i. 
Walter, mentioned below. 2. Rohaise, 
married Richard Fitz Gilbert, feudal lord 
of Clare, County Suffolk. 3. Isabel, mar- 
ried to Richard Granville or Grenville 
progenitor of the noble house of Gren- 

(III) Walter (2) Giffard, second Earl 
of Buckingham ; this nobleman adhered 
faithfully to King Henry I. and distin- 
guished himself in that monarch's cause 
at the battle of Breneville in 11 19 against 


^^cie l4)ei!)c burpeti if)c ISotiiJes of 5ri)ama0 
(Siffaiti of ClDiffaili in i\)t Couixjt of 15uck 
<3?0quj)cc anti iMarie Ijie asipffe IDouQijiet 
of myjWm g>tabelep of ISisncil (fFsquper. 
\uljicij Ictoma? Dcccpcp^ i!)e ii\). Dap of 
iiouembev in tte pere of oc loiHe ©OD mcccccU 
nil UjIjosc g>cules 3f)U taue mere;?, ^men. 




the French commanded by their King in 
person, where Henry obtained a victory. 
His Lordship during this reign founded 
the Abbey of Nutley, County Bucking- 
ham. He died without issue, in 1164, 
when the lands of his barony came, 
according to the noted authority Dugdale, 
to be shared among his next of kin, "for 
it seems," states Dugdale, "in the first 
Richard I. that Richard de Clare, Earl of 
Hertford (in respect of his descent from 
Rohaise, sister of the Earl, and wife of 
Richard Fitz-Gilbert, his lineal ancestor), 
and William Mareschall, Earl of Pem- 
broke (in right of Isabel de Clare, his 
wife), obtained a confirmation from that 
King of all the lands of this Walter, Earl 
of Buckingham, both in England and 
Normandy. Of these lands, Richard, 
Earl of Hertford, was to have the chief 
seat in England, and William, Earl of 
Pembroke, the chief seat in Normandy 
and the residue in both countries to be 
equally divided among them." 

The line of the eldest male of the Gif- 
fards. Earls of Buckingham, thus became 
extinct ; the title, it is claimed, was sub- 
sequently borne by Richard de Clare, sur- 
named Strongbow, Earl of Pembroke, and 
in later centuries titles of Earl and Duke 
of Buckingham were granted to other in- 
dividuals not of the surname Giffard. The 
branches of the younger sons of Gifford, 
however, survive in England. In 1154- 
89 (reign of Henry II,) is found Sir Peter 
Gifford, who married Alice, daughter of 
Sir Grey de Corbuchin. In the reign of 
Richard I. Coeur de Lion, Sir Stephen 
Gififord, of this lineage, was one of the 
barons who accompanied that monarch on 
his expedition to the Holy Land and took 
part in the Crusades ; he was conspicuous 
for his bravery during the siege of Jeru- 
salem and was there killed, while his son. 
Sir Stephen, was wounded. 

From the younger sons of the house of 

Gififord descended the GiflPords of Buck- 
inghamshire. In the fifteenth century, 
John Gifford was of Twyford, County 
Buckingham, and his grandson, Roger 
Gifford, leased the manor of Middle Clay- 
dor^ in 1535, which his heirs retained, and 
leased the same to Martin Lister, who 
surrendered it to Sir Edward Versey. A 
direct line of descent from John Gifford, 
aforesaid, to Margaret Gifford, who mar- 
ried Hugh Sargent, is preserved. Their 
descendant, William Sargent, was the 
American pioneer. 

(D John Gifford, of Twyford, County 
Buckingham, living fifteenth century, had 
issue: Thomas, mentioned below. 

(II) Thomas Gifford, of Twyford, son 
of John Gifford, of Twyford, County 
Buckingham, died November 25, 1550. 
He married Marie Staveley, daughter of 
William Staveley, of Bignell. Issue: i 
Roger, mentioned below. 2. Anna, who 
married Richard Samwell, of Edgcote, 
County Northampton. 

(HI) Roger Gifford, of Middle Clay- 
don, County Buckingham, Esquire, living 
at that Manor, 1535, son of Thomas and 
Mary (Staveley) Gifford, of Twyford, 

married Mary , and died about 

1542, leaving issue: Nicholas, mentioned 

(IV) Nicholas Gifford, of the Abbey of 
St. James, County Northampton, son of 
Roger and Mary Gifford, of Middle Clay- 
don, County Buckingham, gentleman, was 
bailiff of that place, and died in 1546. He 
married Agnes Masters, daughter of John 
Masters, of 'Sandwich, County Kent, who 
died about 1583. Issue: i. Roger, men- 
tioned below. 2. Margaret, mentioned be- 

(V) Roger (2) Gifford, of the x^bbey of 
St. James, County Northampton, gentle- 
man, son of Nicholas and Agnes (Mas- 
ters) Gifford, died in 1591. He married 
Amy Samwell, daughter of Francis Sam- 



well, of Thorpe, County Northampton, 
who died about 1618. 

The Samwell family was a notable one. 
It bore arms as follows : 

Arms — Gules, two squirrels sejant addorsed of 
the first. 

Amy (Samwell) Gifford's sister, Mar- 
garet Samwell, married Robert Pargiter, 
of Gretworth, County Northampton, eld- 
est son and heir of William Pargiter, 
whose arms were : 

Anns — Barry of four, or and sable ; three nias- 
cles counterchanged. 

Ann (or Amy) Pargiter married Law- 
rence Washington, of Sulgrave, County 
Northampton, ancestor of George Wash- 
ington, of Virginia, Commander-in-chief 
in the Revolution, and the first President 
of the United States. The arms of Wash- 
ington were : 

Arms — Argent, two bars gules in chief three 
mullets of the second. 

Richard Samwell was a son of John 
Samwell, of Cotesford, County Oxford, 
and grandson of James Samwell. Wil- 
liam and Anne (Washington) Pargiter 
were grandchildren of Richard Pargiter, 
of Gretworth, County Northampton. 
Lawrence Washington was the great- 
grandson of John Washington, of Whit- 
field, County Lancaster. Issue of Roger 
and Amy (Samwell) Gififord: i. Francis, 
of the Abbey of St. James, County North- 
ampton, who died in 1625, having married 
Jane Throughton, daughter of Richard 
Throughton, of Hanslop, County Buck- 

(V) Margaret GifTord, daughter of 
Nicholas Gififord, of the Abbey of St. 
James, County Northampton, and Agnes 
(Masters) Gififord, his wife, and grand- 
daughter of John Masters, of Sandwich, 
County Kent, married Hugh Sargent, of 
Courteenhall, County Northampton. (See 


The crest surmounting the Chipman 
arms indicates, by heraldic significance, 
a most honorable fact in the family his- 
tory. The mural crown displayed thereon 
was only accorded to such distinguished 
warriors who, scaling the walls of a be- 
sieged citadel, were the first to set their 
standards upon the rampants, and thus it 
appears that among the ancestors of the 
line was a distinguished soldier noted for 
his prowess upon the battlefield. The sur- 
name itself originates in Chipenham, 
Chippenham, Chipman, and lastly. Chip- 
man. Its first syllable arises from the 
Anglo-Saxon Ceapian, whose form is seen 
in the Dutch koopen, German keupen, 
Danish kiobc, and Swedish kopa. The 
second syllable of the name "man" is de- 
rived from the Anglo-Saxon ham, identi- 
cal with the Dutch and German heim, the 
Danish hicm, and the Swedish hem. So 
ancient is the name that many present- 
day localities in England bear it from 
Anglo-Saxon times, when in that lan- 
guage the form was Cypanham, modified 
in the Domesday Book to Cipham, Cip- 
penham, and was modernized into Chip- 
man, Chippenham, etc. 

Arvis — Argent, a bend between six estoiles gules. 
Crest — A leopard sejant argent murally crowned. 

Among the ancient representatives of 
the name was Willielmus de Chipenham, 
chairman of the commissioners in the 
Hundred of Staplehou, Cambridgeshire, 
England, who by order of William the 
Conqueror, A. D. 1085, took the inven- 
tory (preserved in the Cottonian manu- 
scripts in the British Museum under the 
heading "Tiberius A. VI") of the exten- 
sive estates of the Monastery of Ely. This 
inventory may be seen incorporated as a 
part of the printed copy of the Domesday 
Book issued under the direction of the 
Records Commission of the British Par- 
liament under the heading "Inquisitio 



Eliensis." A. D. 1306, Ricardus de Chip- 
penham was burgess for Wallingford, 
Berkshire, and in that year and in 1313 
also obtained a "Writ de Expensis" for 
attending parliaments at Westminster. 
A. D. 1313, Johannes de Chipman was 
burgess, returned for Chippenham, 
County Wilts. Sir and Rev. John de 
Chippenham, living in 1360, is noted as 
among the one hundred and nineteen 
legatees of Eli;jabeth de Burgh, Countess 
of Clare, daughter of Gilbert, Earl of 
Gloucester, and Joan d'Acre, daughter of 
King Edward I. of England. Beginning 
with A. D. 1 198, there is a long line of 
representatives of the name in distin- 
guished station in England. A. D. 1198 
appears Walter Chiepman, and in the 
same year Segar Chiepman ; 1216, Henry 
de Chippenham, Johannes de Chippen- 
ham, member of Parliament; 1327, Wal- 
terus de Chippenham; 1355, Johannes de 
Chipenham; 1383, Walter Chippenham; 
1421, Henry Chippenham; 1433, Henry 
Chippenham; 1509, Juliana de Chipman; 
1518, Nicholas Chippenham, ecclesiastical 
commissioner; 1625, Edward Chipman; 
with many others, — distinguished preben- 
daries, archdeacons, ambassadors and 

(The Ancient Lineage). 

(I) Thomas Chipman, of Dorsetshire, 
England, ancestor of the line, was him- 
self descended from a family of that name 
who had long held estates in the county. 
He inherited from his father a valuable 
estate in Whitchurch, Dorsetshire, Eng- 
land, long in the family, the history of 
which property very vitally affected the 
fate of his only son, John, the American 
founder of the family. Thomas Chipman 
was born probably in Whitchurch (not 
far from Dorchester, County Dorset, Eng- 
land) about 1567. He resided for a time 
at Bryan's-Piddle, in the same county. 

and was the owner of a property de- 
scribed as '"Some certain Tenement or 
Tenements with a Mill and other Edifice 
thereunto belonging Lyding and being 
in Whitchurch of Marshwood vale near 
Burfoot Alias Breadport (Bridport) in 
Dorsetshire aforesd heretofore worth 40 
or 50 Pounds p Annum." The history of 
the loss of this property is a most inter- 
esting one. Thomas Chipman appears to 
have remained unmarried until after the 
age of thirty years. In the vicinity of his 
estate dwelt his kinsmen (of the wealthy 
family of Derby) to whose influence he 
seems to have been highly susceptible. 
There kinsmen induced him, for what rea- 
son is not known, to part with his patri- 
monial acres, which he did ''about three- 
score years" before 1651, for a small con- 
sideration, or (as it has been described) 
"By reason of Some Kind of Sale made 
of Inconsiderable value by the sd Thomas 
(In the time of his Single Estate not then 
minding Marriage) unto his kinsman Mr. 
Christopher Derby living Sometime in 
Sturtle (Sturthill) near Burfort aforesd." 
Later, however, Thomas Chipman mar- 
ried, and having three children, the un- 
wisdom of his course became apparent, for 
his kinsman refused absolutely to make 
any provision for his family, and his son 
and heir, John, the American founder, un- 
availingly attempted at a later period to 
regain possession of the family property. 

Thomas Chipman died about 1623. He ^ 
married, about 1590, a lady whose name is 
unknown ; she died about 1637. The in- 
formation as to the children of this mar- 
riage is gathered from the document pre- 
pared by their son, John, the America 
founder, then in America, hereinafter re- 
ferred to, in which he speaks of his sis- 
ters "Hanor and Tumsun." It thus ap- 
pears that Thomas Chipman had three 
children as follows: i. John, mentioned 
below. 2. Hanor. 3. Tumsun. 



(The Family in America). 

(I) John Chipman, founder of the fam- 
ily in America, son of Thomas Chipman. 
of Dorsetshire, England, was born near 
Dorchester (and probably Bryan's Pid- 
dle), County Dorset, England, about 
1614. His kinsman, Christopher Derby 
(hereinabove referred to as being con- 
nected with the sale of Thomas Chip- 
man's property), with an evident inten- 
tion of preventing any awkward questions 
by the young man, then rapidly approach- 
ing years of judgment, appears to have 
sought for him "a good opening for a 
young man." He apprehended, appar- 
ently, states the family chronicler, that 
John Chipman "now near his majority 
might on reaching it, bring, should he re- 
main in England, an action at law for 
ejectment, so troubling, if not ousting 
Christopher, but who, removed to Amer- 
ica, would scarcely attempt such litiga- 

By a comparison of the document which 
John Chipman later prepared concerning 
his right to the family property, and the 
record of incoming inhabitants made by 
Governor Winthrop, the age, date of 
arrival, and various other important facts 
concerning the founder Chipman are 
gleaned. He states he "supposeth his 
Age to be thirty seven years," and as the 
document is dated February 8, 1651, it 
appears that he was born about 1614. He 
further proceeds to relate that he left 
England "next May Twenty and one year 
Since he Come out of England," which 
figured by the calendar as it then was, 
would give the year of his arrival in 
America as 1631. Governor Winthrop 
supplements and confirms this by the 
entry: "Year 1631 * * * July 14, the 
ship called the Friendship, of Barnstable 
(England) arrived at Boston, after she 
had been at sea eleven weeks and beaten 
back by foul weather. She set sail from 

Barnstable (England) again, about the 
midst of May." Thus we discover the 
ship and date of sailing of the founder of 
the family as the "Friendship," out of 
Barnstable, Devonshire, England, leaving 
in May, 1631, which after a rough pas- 
sage, and once putting back, at last 
reached Boston, in New England, July 
14, 1631. 

John Chipman was about sixteen or 
seventeen years of age at the time of his 
arrival, and settled first in Dorchester, 
Massachusetts. Until he reached full age, 
he was a ward of Richard Derby, who 
exercised the rights of a guardian in re- 
gard to his affairs. This Richard Derby 
was a member of the same family which 
had deprived John's father of his estate; 
they were large landowners in England, 
and men of much influence and power, 
who were heavily concerned in the com- 
mercial side of the Massachusetts coloni- 
zation. From 1631 to 1635, ^"^ perhaps 
thereafter, John Chipman resided in 
Plymouth, where his guardian, Richard 
Derby, had his home. Later he was in 
Yarmouth, from 1646 to 1649, and there- 
after in Barnstable, from about 1649 to 
1679. Somewhat later he removed to 

Of his record in the New England set- 
tlements, we have a long and honorable 
account. He became ruling elder in the 
church ; and was the owner of consider- 
able land. On June i, 1649, while living 
in Barnstable, he purchased from Edward 
Fitzrandolph a tract of land ; on Decem- 
ber 10, 1672, he made a purchase of lands 
in Barnstable from Lieutenant John 
Howland, the locality of the property be- 
ing the Great Marshes, later known as 
West Barnstable. This property was 
destined to remain in the Chipman family 
for more than seven generations. Among 
his offices of honor were those of select- 
man for many years, and magistrate in 



Plymouth Colony ; he was also deputy to 
the General Court, and strong in the faith, 
was authorized "to frequent the Quaker 
meetings to endeavor to rescue them from 
the error of their wayes." In accordance 
with the custom of the Colonial period, 
his gentle blood and excellent station 
were recognized by the prefix "Mr." to 
his name in documents, and in token of 
his valuable services, he received various 
grants of land made to "Mr. John Chip- 
man" during i66i to 1673. On January 
30, 1652-53, he entered the Barnstable 
church, his wife having become a mem- 
ber in August, 1650. On April 14, 1670, 
he was invested with the office of ruling 
elder. Later, when he removed to Sand- 
wich, "the church in Barnstable made 
him offers of an annual salary, and the 
town of Barnstable voted to him the pro- 
priety (i. e. proprietorship) of valuable 
meadow lands, conditioned that he would 
return to that position (of ruling elder) 

As to the English property of the Chip- 
man family, though he was clearly en- 
titled thereto, the founder, John Chip- 
man, while convinced of the injustice of 
which he had been the victim, could never 
enforce his claims against his wealthier 
and more powerful kinsmen; it appears 
that he tried to regain the estate, and 
"that one step towards such an attempt 
was taken." On March 2, 1641-42, a suit 
was brought against John Derby with the 
"intent to recover money which John 
Derby withheld from 'his cousin Chip- 
man'." This suit was tried in Plymouth 
by Edward Winslow, then an assistant 
and previously and thereafter Governor 
of Plymouth Colony. A deposition of one 
Ann Hinde, taken on behalf of the com- 
plainant in the above suit, is illuminating 
as to the facts of the case, and among 
other items disclosed, it appears that: 

Ann Hinde, the wife of Wm. Hoskins. * * * 
being examined * * * afeirmeth upon oath as 

followeth : That the said Ann lived in the house 
of Mr. Darbeys father with the said John Chip- 
man att such times as the said John Chipman 
came from thence to New England to serve Mr. 
Richard Darbey his brother. * * * The said 
Ann came afterwards likewise over, to serve the 
said Richard Darbey. 

The deposition continues that on her 
leaving England: 

* * * old Mr. Darbey requested this depo- 
nant to comend him to his cosen Chipman, and tell 
him if he were a good boy he would send him 
over the money that was due to him when hee 
saw good ; and further, wheras this deponant 
heard the said John Darbey affeirme that his 
money was payed to John Chipman's mother, shee 
further deposeth that his mother was dead a 
quarter of a yeare or thereabouts before her old 
master sent this message to his cosen Chipman ; 
to which this deponant sweareth. 

So far as is known, nothing beneficial 
to John Chipman resulted from the above 
suit. After having been in America 
about twenty years, John Chipman, en- 
couraged by his relatives and friends, de- 
termined to make an effort to obtain re- 
dress and satisfaction in the matter of his 
English property. On February 8, 1651- 
52, he prepared a document, of which an 
ancient copy is preserved, which was in- 
tended to be transmitted to England and 
to form the basis of his claims there, 
which document he entitled : 

A brief Declaration with humble Request (to 
whom These Presents shall Come) for further 
Inquiry and Advice in ye behalf of John Chipman 
now of Barnstable in the Government of New 
Plimouth in New England in America (he) being 
ye onfy Son & Heir of Mr. Thomas Chipman Late 
Deceased at Brinspittoel (Bryan's-Piddle) about 
five miles from Dorchester in Dorsetshire, in 

No result so far as has ever been 
learned came from the efforts of the 
founder in this matter. More than a cen- 
tury later, one of his descendants, who 
was "by the right of primogeniture the 
lawful heir" * * * "caused inquiries to 
be made of Silas Dean or Dr. Franklin 



(one or both) colonial agent (then) in 
England, in regard to the estate," which 
enquiries "resulted in ascertaining that 
the rental was (then) worth £500 ster- 
ling." These inquiries were made just 
before the Revolution ; it had been the 
intention of the then head of the Chip- 
man line to prosecute his claims in Eng- 
land, but the outbreak of war, and his 
strong Colonial sympathies, caused the 
whole matter to be abandoned. John 
Chipman died April 7, 1708. 

He married (first), in 1646, Hope How- 
land, daughter of John Howland, the 
"Mayflower" Pilgrim, and Elizabeth (Til- 
ley) Howland, his wife. (See Howland 
II. See Tilley II). He married (second), 
in 1684, Ruth Sargent, daughter of Wil- 
liam Sargent. (See Sargent). Issue 
(among others) by first wife, Lydia, men- 
tioned below. 

(II) Lydia Chipman, daughter of John 
and Hope (Howland) Chipman, was born 
in Barnstable, Massachusetts, December 
25, 1654. She died March 2, 1730. She 
married (as his third wife) John Sargent, 
son of William and Sarah (Minshall) Sar- 
gent. (See Sargent). 


The original, highly ornamented, water 
color painting of the Howland escutcheon, 
from which copies of the arms used in 
this country have been made, is said to 
have been brought to America shortly 
after the arrival of the "Mayflower." In 
1865 this painting was in the possession 
of Rev. T. Howland White, of Shelbourne, 
Nova Scotia, a lineal descendant of Jo- 
anna Howland, daughter of John How- 
land, son of the Pilgrim. The arms bear 
the following inscription : "He beareth 
sable, two bars argent, on a chief of the 
second three lions rampant of the first, 
and for his crest, on a wreath of his colors 

a lion passant sable. By the name of 

This ancient English family is found 
seated in Essex, prior to the reign of King 
Henry VII. A somewhat remarkable fact 
connected with the lineage is that its sur- 
name of Howland is disclosed, in early 
centuries, in only one county of England, 
Essex, and although various families have 
spread to other parts of the kingdom, they 
all, either nearly or remotely derive from 
the Essex root. Several of the repre- 
sentatives of the family during its long 
course acquired great fortunes and were 
honored with knighthood ; and of these, 
one line, eventuating in an heiress, united 
the Howland blood with the ducal house 
of Bedford, the then head of which ob- 
tained the title of Baron Howland, which 
is still borne among the honors of that 
exalted line of peers. 

By a curious error, into which several 
writers have fallen, a certain Humphrey 
Howland, of London, is made the father 
of the American pioneers, John, Henry 
and Arthur. He was in fact their brother, 
as well as brother to George, who re- 
mained in England ; he was doubtless the 
oldest brother of the family. Humphrey 
Howland, citizen of London, where he 
engaged in business as a draper, died in 
1646, leaving a will dated May 28, 1646, 
and proved July loth of that year, by 
which he bequeathed, in the order named, 
to George of St. Dunston's in the East, 
London ; Arthur, John and Henry ; these 
last named three brothers were to receive 
— Arthur, £8, John, £4, and Henry, £4, 
out of the debt due to Humphrey "by 
Mr. Ruck, of New England." This John 
Ruck was in the year 1646 a resident of 
Salem, a son of Thomas Ruck, of Eng- 
land, and it is evident that he owed £16 
to Humphrey Howland, who thus willed 
it to his brothers, then at Plymouth. 
Annie Howland, widow of Humphrev 



Rowland, was executrix of the will, and 
she likewise administered upon the estate 
of George Rowland, July ii, 1646. She 
died in 1653, and was buried at Bark- 
ing, Essex, the old home county of the 
Rowlands, December 20, 1653, leaving 
a will dated December 10, 1653, and 
proved November 22nd of the year fol- 
lowing, by William Courtoyse, to whom 
she left considerable legacies. George 
Rowland was, apparently, deceased in or 
prior to 1646, and probably without leav- 
ing a widow or children, since his sister- 
in-law was appointed to settle his affairs. 
Arthur, John and Henry Rowland all 
came to America. 

John Rowland was of the "Mayflower" 
company. The progeny of these three 
Rowlands is a large and prominent one 
in New England, and from the earliest 
years of the struggle of Plymouth Colony 
for a foothold in the New World has 
played an important part in our life and 

(The Family in America). 

(I) John Rowland, the progenitor, was 
born about 1592 in England. It is prob- 
able that had he not early become imbued 
with Puritan doctrines, his family would 
have established him creditably in Eng- 
land, but his pronounced opinions at an 
early age laid him open to the persecu- 
tion which was driving the Puritans out 
of England by the shipload. Imbibing 
Pastor Robinson's tenets at Scrooby, he 
left England for Amsterdam, and after a 
year of residence there, removed with 
others to Leyden, where the Rev. John 
Robinson had gathered his flock about 
him. For his subsequent actions, we 
must look to the events leading up to the 
epochal removal of the Pilgrims from 
Holland, which have thus been described : 

The "Mayflower" * * * vvas chartered in 

At Southampton the Pilgrims found the "May- 
flower" with English Separatists who were to 
join the colony. * * * From Plymouth for 
New England, on the sixth of September, sailed 
the "Mayflower." * * * She was deeply laden 
with the winnowed remnant of the Pilgrim band 
and a few recruits * * * a hundred and two 
in all and all their outfit. 

John Rowland was among this famous 
band of the "Mayflower" Pilgrims, and 
on the noted list or history of the voyage 
and passengers prepared by Governor 
Bradford (a document indited in his own 
handwriting and long lost, but at last 
restored to Massachusetts), his name ap- 
pears. The end of their long and suffer- 
ing voyage in sight, the famous "May- 
flower Compact" was entered into, and 
signed by forty-one out of the adult males 
among the passengers, and John Row- 
land's name was the thirteenth in order 
of signing. Before the weary Pilgrims 
could make a landing, a suitable site for 
settlement had to be selected, and John 
Rowland was among those sent out to 
circumnavigate Cape Cod harbor in search 
of a good place to land. States the his- 
torian : "The cold was extreme. 'The 
water froze on their clothes and made 
them many times like coats of iron'," and 
they narrowly escaped with their lives in 
a severe storm. This was the second 
occasion when John Rowland had nearly 
lost his life before the voyage closed. At 
this time he was twenty-eight years of 
age and, according to Prince, was a mem- 
ber of Governor Carver's family. Row 
this came about is not known, but it is 
probable that Carver saw elements in his 
character which led him to supply young 
Rowland's wants for the journey to 
America, and to cause him to be consid- 
ered one of the family. That he possessed 
sound judgment and business capacity is 
shown by the active duties which he 
assumed, and the trust which was reposed 
in him in all the early labors of establish- 



ing a settlement. With the landing of the 
Pilgrims at Plymouth, the notable work 
of John Rowland's career began. He 
continued in importance in the settlement 
until his death. The first mention of John 
Howland in old Plymouth colony records 
is on a list of freemen, and in an enumera- 
tion of the members of the Governor's 
"councill" of seven, of which he is the 
third. He was highly esteemed by Brad- 
ford, who on all occasions selected him 
among the principal men of the settle- 
ment to carry forward important under- 
takings. He was made one of the asses- 
sors in 1633-34. In 1627, with Governor 
Bradford and six others prominent in the 
colony, he was selected to conclude a 
compact with various merchants in Lon- 
don, relating to the relinquishment of 
their claims against the colonists which 
"continued to give much vexation ;" in 
this year also he was enumerated in the 
cattle division, while previously, in 1623- 
24, he had taken part in the division of 
lands. Beginning with 1652 he served as 
deputy from Plymouth eight times, was 
selectman from Plymouth, 1666, surveyed 
the lands, acted on committees of every 
description, aided in settling estates, per- 
formed the duties of trustee, and "was a 
profitable member both in Church and 
Commonwealth," says Governor Brad- 
ford. He was not only full of zeal for 
the temporal welfare of the colony, but 
gave powerful encouragement to a high 
standard of morals and religion, so much 
so that he is recorded as "a godly man 
and an ancient professor in the ways of 
Christ." In 1667, at the ordination of 
John Cotton, Jr., he was appointed by 
the church "to join in the imposition of 
hands." He was, however, liberal in his 
religious opinions, and of a kindly sym- 
pathy of spirit ; his brothers became affili- 
ated with the Quakers, and at the time of 
the troubles with that sect, he was for a 

period, through his sympathy with that 
persecuted body, dropped from the Gen- 
eral Court. 

A portion of his property was at Island 
Creek pond, and he had also two small 
islands in Geeir's harbor; for a time he 
resided in Duxbury, the better to super- 
intend his afTairs, but after a short resi- 
dence there, he returned to Plymouth. 
Before 1665 he removed to Rocky Nook, 
where he lived until his death. John 
Howland died, aged more than eighty 
years, February 23, 1673. His will, dated 
May 29, 1672, names his ten children. 

He married Elizabeth Tilley, daugh- 
ter of John Tilley, sixteenth signer of the 
Compact. Elizabeth Howland survived 
her husband and died in Swansea, De- 
cember 21, 1687, aged about eighty years, 
at the home of her daughter, Lydia 
Brown. She was the last but three of 
the "Mayflower" passengers to die. Issue 
of John and Elizabeth (Tilley) Howland, 
among others, Hope, mentioned below. 

(II) Hope Howland, daughter of John 
and Elizabeth (Tilley) Howland, was 
born August 30, 1629, and died January 
8, 1684. She married, in 1646, John Chip- 
man. (See Chipman). 

(The Tilley Line). 

The surname Tilley is found in Eng- 
land as early as the Norman Conquest, 
and appears in the Domesday Book. The 
name was common also in France and 
Holland at an early date, and is doubtless 
of Norman-French origin, as Lower 
states that there is a village of Tilly in 
the department of Calvados in Normandy. 
The name is spelled in ancient records 
Tillie, Tilly, Teley, Tiley, Tilee and Tely. 
It is highly probable that Tylle, a sur- 
name in use to-day, is also of the same 

Arms — Argent, a wivern with tvings endorsed 
sable, charged on the breast with an annirlet or. 



Crest — The head of a battle-ax, issuing from a 

Among the passengers on the "May- 
flower," in 1620, were two males of the 
name of Tilley : Edward Tilley, who was 
accompanied by his wife Ann ; and John 
Tilley, who brought his wife and daugh- 
ter Elizabeth. These Tilley passengers 
seemed doomed to misfortune ; Edward 
and his wife were unable to stand the 
hardships of the first terrible winter, and 
died in the spring, 1620-21, leaving no 
male descendants. John Tilley and his 
wife also died early in 1621, his daugh- 
ter Elizabeth being the sole survivor of 
the family. She became the wife of John 
Rowland, the Pilgrim, and it is through 
her alone that descent can be traced to 
the Mayflower Tilleys. Other Tilleys 
came later. John Tilley was in Dorches- 
ter in 1628. William Tilley, of Barn- 
stable and Boston, came from Little 
Minories, England, in the ship "Abigail," 
in June, 1636; he left a daughter Sarah, 
but no sons ; others of the name came 

(I) John Tilley, immigrant ancestor 
and founder, came to the American Colo- 
nies in December, 1620, on the "May- 
flower." He was the sixteenth signer of 
the famous "Mayflower Compact." He 
and his wife died early in 1621, leaving 
an only daughter, Elizabeth. 

(H) Elizabeth Tilley, daughter of John 
Tilley, after the death of her parents, be- 
came the ward of Governor Carver, first 
governor of Plymouth Colony. She later 
became the wife of John Howland, one of 
the "Mayflower" company, and four- 
teenth signer of the Compact, Among 
their children was Hope, mentioned be- 

(HI) Hope Howland, daughter of John 
and Elizabeth (Tilley) Howland, was 
born August 30, 1629, and died January 
8, 1684. She married, in 1646, John Chip- 
man. (See Chipman). 

RICHARDSON, Nathaniel 

The origin of this name (made up of a 
simple combination of two words, the 
Christian name of Richard and the word 
"son") was formed into "Richard's son," 
which by easy transition came into use 
as "Richardson" at the period when sur- 
names became prevalent throughout the 
English nation. Many illustrious lines 
of Richardson have from time to time 
flourished in England, Scotland and 
Wales. Perhaps the oldest reference to 
a bearer of the name is found not long 
after the Norman Conquest, when Wil- 
liam Belward, Lord of the Moiety of Mal- 
passe, had a son whom he named Rich- 
ard ; this son was called "Richard the 
Little," and he marrying left a son John, 
who for purposes of distinction was called 
John Richardson, a name which became 
in course of time contracted to Richard- 
son, and since this early period has been 
adopted as a surname and borne by a host 
of distinguished nobles, gentlemen, diplo- 
mats, clerics, and persons of high, intel- 
lectual attainments. 

Arms — Argent, on a chief gules three lions' 
heads erased or. 

As an indication of the extent of the 
family, lineages are discovered in Eng- 
land in the counties of Norfolk, York, 
Durham, Gloucester, Nottingham, War- 
wick, Sussex, Surrey, Shrops and Derby, 
and overflowing the boundaries of Eng- 
land, are found in Wales, Scotland and 
Ireland, and lastly, in America. Among 
the distinguished members of the family 
were : Nicholas Richardson, of Durham 
and Yorkshire, 1561, whose family in 
1600 received a grant of arms. Richard 
Richardson, of Bradford, Yorkshire, and 
later of Bierley, in the same county, who 
died in 1656; in 1630, for declining the 
honor of knighthood rendered by King 
Charles I., he was fined the sum of forty 
pounds, which he paid, and the receipt 



for such payment, carefully preserved and 
still in possession of one of his descend- 
ants, bears the signature of the famous 
and notorious Wentworth, Earl of Straf- 
ford, afterwards beheaded by order of 
Parliament. Dr. Thomas Richardson, of 
Norfolk, was another notable member of 
the line. His son, Sir Thomas Richard- 
son, Knight, born at Hardwick, Norfolk- 
shire, in 1569, was sergeant-at-law, chan- 
cellor to Queen Elizabeth, speaker of the 
House of Commons, Lord Chief Justice 
of the Court of Common Pleas, and in 
1631 Lord Chief Justice of England. Sir 
Thomas' wife was created Baroness of 
Cramond in Scotland, and of this noble 
line of Richardson a long pedigree is pre- 
served in the history of the County of 
Norfolk. Sir Thomas Richardson died 
February 4, 1634, and so distinguished 
had been his career that his remains were 
interred with much pomp in Westmin- 
ster Abbey. 

In Wales is found a line of Richard- 
sons which descended originally from 
James Richardson, of Dumfries, Scotland, 
who married an heiress of the notable 
Scotch family of Dalziel. He had two 
grandsons, Henry and Samuel, the latter 
of whom was of Hensol Castle, Glamor- 
gan, South Wales ; he was high sheriff of 
Gloucester, 1787, and of Glamorgan, 1798; 
his son Henry was of Eber Hirnant, in 
the County of Moerioneth. This distin 
guished family of Wales was originally 
connected with the Norfolk Richardsons, 
and it was from the line of Norfolk, ac- 
cording to the best authorities, that the 
American settlers of the name of Richard- 
son were descended. 

(I) Thomas Richardson, founder of the 
family in America, was born in England, 
and as the authoritative historian of the 
family states, both he and his brothers 
"probably originated in Norfolk" in that 
country. His eldest brother, Ezekiel, was 

an American pioneer of 1630, and came 
over with Winthrop ; as early as July 6. 
1630, he is found at Charlestown, and, 
according to tradition, was a personal 
friend of Governor Winthrop, at whose 
solicitation he joined in the plan of over- 
seas settlement. Ezekiel's younger broth- 
ers, Samuel and Thomas (ancestor of the 
line herein traced), followed him about 
five years later. 

As early as February 21, 1635-36, 
Thomas Richardson was at Charlestown, 
in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, and on 
that date his wife Mary joined the church 
there. Thomas Richardson himself joined 
the same church 19th of 12th month 
(February), 1637-38, his brother Samuel 
joining at the same time. On May 2, 
1638, Thomas Richardson was duly ad- 
mitted a freeman of the colony, and the 
year previous, 1637, he received from the 
town of Charlestown a grant of a house 
plot ; rn the same year also his name was 
entered on the records as a citizen of the 

A deep affection appears to have ex- 
isted between all these brothers, and espe- 
cially between the two younger, Thomas 
and Samuel. These latter without doubt 
made the voyage from England together ; 
each obtained a house lot at the same 
time ; they are recorded as citizens at the 
same time ; and though the dates are not 
preserved, were probably married almost 
at the same time. We see the three broth- 
ers again affectionately uniting when 
they joined in a new project of settlement 
undertaken in 1638. In that year, on 
April 20, they obtained a grant of a lot 
on the "Mistike Side and above the 
Ponds" (i. c. Maiden), and probably lab- 
ored together to make the development 
thereof a success. With his brothers, 
Ezekiel and Samuel, together with five 
others, Thomas Richardson joined in the 
foundation of the town of Woburn, on 



which historic site he was an original pro- 
prietor and inhabitant, and he was also 
foremost in the establishment of a church 
there in 1641. The previous year, he and 
others above named, were commissioners 
chosen by the Charlestown church, No- 
vember 5, 1640, to undertake the Woburn 
settlement. He died in Woburn, Massa- 
chusetts, August 28, 165 1. 

He married, in England, about 1635, 
Mary . She survived him and mar- 
ried, October 26, 1655 (as her second hus- 
band), Michael Bacon, Sr. (of Woburn 
in 1641), and ancestor of the noted New 
England family of that name. She died 
May 19, 1670. Issue seven children, of 
whom the youngest was Nathaniel, men- 
tioned below. 

(II) Nathaniel Richardson, son of 
Thomas and Mary Richardson, was born 
in Woburn, Massachusetts, January 2, 
1650-51. The youngest son of the family, 
he grew to manhood in Woburn, where 
his father was not only an original pro- 
prietor, but a founder and a most influ- 
ential inhabitant. Nathaniel Richardson 
took the freeman's oath and was admitted 
in 1690. He served as a soldier in Cap- 
tain Prentiss's troop of horse, and with 
his fellow colonists went through the 
horrors of the campaigns of that terrify- 
ing period ; among other engagements in 
which he participated was the "Great 
Swamp Fight" of December 19, 1675, 
where he was severely wounded. The 
brave soldier received in life no reward 
for his heroic conduct save the conscious- 
ness of a duty well done ; later, however, 
the General Court of Massachusetts ex- 
pressed the people's gratitude by grants, 
in 1728 and 1732, of various townships to 
the soldiers of the Narragansett campaign 
or their heirs. Joshua Richardson, a 
grandson of Nathaniel Richardson, was 
one of a committee appointed to lay out 
various of these tracts, and he drew one 
Mass 11—11 161 

of the lots in Templeton, Worcester 
county, by virtue of his descent. Na- 
thaniel Richardson died December 4, 

He married Mary , who died De- 
cember 22, 1719. Issue thirteen children, 
all born in Woburn, of whom his eldest 
son was Nathaniel, mentioned below. 

(Ill) Nathaniel (2) Richardson, son of 
Nathaniel (i) and Mary Richardson, was 
born in Woburn, Massachusetts, August 
27, 1673. His residence was in Woburn 
until after 1710, and he then took up his 
domicile at Rumney Marsh (later Chel- 
sea, near and at that time a part of Bos- 
ton). After a few years there, he re- 
moved, about 1718, to Leicester, which 
had been incorporated as a town, Febru- 
ary 15, 1713. He bore a prominent share 
in the life and aflPairs of Leicester, be- 
came town clerk and selectman in 1722, 
was moderator of town meetings, influ- 
ential in the church, and one of those who 
by their earnest labors succeeded in bring- 
ing Rev. David Parsons to settle in the 
town in 1721. He was a landholder in 
Leicester, and was joined with the thirty- 
six other fellow-townsmen in the deed 
which the committee of proprietors made, 
January 11, 1724-25, of the easterly half of 
the town of Leicester. He was also actively 
engaged as the first innholder in the town, 
being so authorized in 1721 and 1722, and 
his old Colonial homestead stood at the 
intersection of what was called the Great 
Post road, about the centre of the town, 
but the house was destroyed by fire prior 
to the Revolution. He died about 1728. 

He married, September 18, 1694, Abi- 
gail Reed, daughter of Israel and Mary 
(Kendall) Reed, of Woburn, (See Reed 
III). His estate was administered by his 
widow and his son Nathaniel, February 
20, 1729. He left no will. Issue thirteen 
children, of whom his eighth child was 
Deborah, mentioned below. 


(IV) Deborah Richardson, daughter of 
Nathaniel (2) and Abigail (Reed) Rich- 
ardson, was born in Woburn, Massachu- 
setts, about 1708. Her girlhood was 
passed in Leicester, and marrying a citi- 
zen of that place, she resided there 
throughout her life. She died in 1770. 
She married, September 29, 1726, Jona- 
than Sargent, son of Jonathan -(2) and 
Mary (Lynde) Sargent. (See Sargent 

REED, Israel 

The lineage of Reed in England is 
traceable backward for centuries to a 
period antecedent to the Norman Con- 
quest, and comprehends in its history 
great nobles, gentlemen of landed prop- 
erty, and distinguished dignitaries of 
church and state. The family of Reed in 
England is there found established more 
than a thousand years ago, and derives 
its origin from the great chieftain, Cair- 
bre Reada, who founded the clan of Rede 
or Reed and established the kingdom of 
Dalriada upon the western coast of Scot- 
land. There, in succession, reigned nine 
chieftains of the Reeds, until the ninth 
sovereign chieftain, Reada, was defeated 
by Kenneth, and leaving the scene of his 
former power, founded the settlement of 
Redesdale and there established a part of 
his clan. 

Arms — Gules, a saltire between four garbs or. 

Crest — On the stump of a tree vert, a falcon 
rising proper. 

Motto — Cedant arnm togae. (Let arms yield to 
the gown). 

Descending from these great chieftains 
came the lordly Reeds or Reads of Mor- 
peth, celebrated in song and poetry, own- 
ers of Morpeth Castle, and whose matri- 
monial alliances comprised, among others, 
the semi-royal house of Ross, now repre- 
sented in the British peerage by several 
earldoms, the great Welsh house of Mere- 

dith, and the family of Cadwalader, 
claimed to be the oldest in England and 
which traces its ancestry from the period 
of the early princes of Wales. The 
Reedds or Reads of Morpeth trace their 
lineage from Brianus de Rede of that 
manor, living A. D. 1139. Thence also 
trace the heroic Lairds of Throughend, 
chiefs of the clan of Reed ; also the nota- 
ble Reeds or Reads of Barton Court, and 
many other famous lines of old families 
of England, Scotland and Wales. 

Many representatives of this famous 
family came to America in the age of the 
pioneers, and among these was William 
Reed, hereinafter referred to, a notable 
member of the lineage who worthily up- 
held the ancient honorable name which he 
bore. The line he established in America 
has been noted throughout its New 
World history for the distinction attained 
by a large number of its members. 

(I) William Reed, the founder of the 
family in America, was among the first of 
the pioneers in America. He came to the 
New World in 1635, being accompanied 
thence by his wife Mabel, and settled in 
Woburn, Massachusetts, where he was 
one of the first to reside. His pioneer life 
was one distinguished by energy, in- 
domitable perseverance and great cour- 
age, characteristics markedly displayed 
by his Old World ancestors ; his interests 
in England, however, recalled him thence, 
i^nd in 1656 he returned to his native land, 
where he died. After his death, Mrs 
Reed, accompanied by her family, once 
more made the voyage to America, and 
took up her permanent residence in New 
England. Among the children of the 
founder was Israel, mentioned below. 

(II) Israel Reed, son of William and 
Mabel Reed, was born in Woburn, Mas- 
sachusetts, in 1642. His early life was 
passed at the little township of his birth, 
but he was subsequently taken by his 



father and mother to England and resided 
there some years, receiving the benefits 
of an excellent education. After 1656, the 
family returned to America, where Israel 
Reed married, and where he continued to 
live the remainder of his life, an influen- 
tial and esteemed citizen of Woburn. He 
married Mary Kendall. Issue among 
others : Abigail, mentioned below. 

(HI) Abigail Reed, daughter of Israel 
and Mary (Kendall) Reed, was born in 
Woburn, Massachusetts, January 2, 
1678-79, and was long a resident of his- 
toric Woburn. She died in 1759. She 
married, September 18, 1694, Nathaniel 
Richardson, son of Nathaniel and Mary 
Richardson, who was born in Woburn, 
August 2.'], 1673, ^r^d died about 1728. 
(See Richardson). 


The origin of the surname Farrington 
is Saxon, and was originally Ferndon, sig- 
nifying "Fern Hill." It is one of the most 
ancient in England, dating from Saxon 
times, and in Berkshire, Buckinghamshire 
and Lancashire, are found old towns bear- 
ing the name of Farrington. The lineage 
is numbered among the Royalty, nobility, 
and gentry of England ; notable families 
were long established in County Lancas- 
ter, lineally descended from John de 
ffarrington, of the reign of Henry III., 
and from whom the families of \\'erden 
and Woodvale in Lancashire trace their 
descent. The Farringtons, of Farrington, 
Lancashire, were long seated in that 
locality, and from them the Farringtons 
of Chichester, Sussex, descend, as well as 
the Farringtons of London. In ancient 
times the name was invariably rendered 
"fifarrington," two small letters "f" being 
employed in place of the modern capi- 
tal "F." 

Arms — Gules, three cinquefoils argent. 
Crest — A vvyvern sans wings. 

(Farrington of Farrington). 

(I) Sir Henry Farrington, of Farring- 
ton, in County Lancaster, Knight, mar- 
ried (first) Ann, daughter of Sir Alex- 
ander RadclyflF, or Ordeshall ; (second) 

Dorothy Okeover, daughter of 

Okeover, of Okeover, in County Stafford. 
Issue by first wife: i. William, eldest 
son, died young. 2. Thomas, alderman of 
Chichester and three times mayor, died 
1572. 3. Robert. Issue by second wife: 
4. William, mentioned below. 

(II) William Farrington, son of Sir 
Henry and Dorothy (Okeover) Farring- 
ton, was of Werden, County Lancaster, 
and married Ann Talbot, daughter of Sir 
Thomas Talbot, of Bashall, Knight. 
Issue: I. Thomas, mentioned below. 2. 
Henry, married Margaret Brewster, 
daughter and co-heiress of Edward Brew- 
ster, of Maxfield. 3. William. 

(III) Thomas Farrington, son of Wil- 
liam and Ann (Talbot) Farrington, was 
of Werden, and married Mabel Benson, 
daughter and co-heiress of George Ben- 
son, of Hugill, in County Westmoreland. 
Issue: I. William, mentioned below. 2. 
Thomas. 3. Henry. 4. Anne, married 
William Preston, of Preston. 5. Alice, 
married Anthony Savage, of Plompton, 
County Lancaster. 

(IV) William (2) Farrington, son of 
Thomas and Mabel (Benson) Farrington. 
was of Werden, and married Margaret 
Worrall, daughter of Henry Worrall, of 
Wysall, County Nottingham. Issue: i. 
William. 2. Ann. 

(Farrington of London). 

(I) John Farrington, of London, gen- 
tleman, married Joane Caldwell, sister 
and coheiress of Geofifrey Caldwell, and 
daughter of Rafe (Ralph) Caldwell. 
Issue: I. Thomas, mentioned below. 2. 
James, of London ; married Sarah Seres, 
daughter of William Seres, of London. 



(II) Thomas Farrington, of London, 

married Alice , and had issue: i. 

Thomas. 2. Reding. 3. Caldwell, men- 
tioned below. 4. John, of Mitton, County 

(III) Caldwell Farrington, of London, 
married Anne French, daughter of Ed- 
mund French, of London. Issue: i. Ed- 
mund. 2. John. 3. Margaret. 4. Anne. 

(The Family in America). 

(I) Edmund Farrington, the founder 
of the family in America, was of Olney, 
Buckinghamshire, England, and was born 
about 1587. He married in England, in 
or prior to 1621, and at the time of his re- 
moval to New England was accompanied 
by his wife and their four children then 
living, all of whom were under the age of 
sixteen years. In 1635, with his family, 
he journeyed to Southampton, England, 
and there embarked on the ship "Hope- 
well," Captain Bundocke, master, and 
arrived at the Massachusetts Bay Colony, 
April I, 1635. 

Almost immediately thereafter, he es- 
tablished his domicile in Lynn, Massa- 
chusetts, and became a proprietor there 
in 1638. He was a miller, and soon be- 
came prosperously established, as well as 
a leader in the affairs of Lynn. It is ap- 
parent that he was of an adventurous 
spirit, and a moving force among the 
Lynn settlers in the promotion of coloni- 
zation projects, and in 1639 he joined 
with Josias Stanborough and others in 
the acquirement of a vessel to be used for 
the conveyance of passengers and their 
outfit in the projected attempt at coloni- 
zation on Long Island, which the Lynn 
settlers had in contemplation. An agree- 
ment was entered into as to the "dis- 
posall" of this vessel, March 10, 1639, 
wherein Edmund Farrington's name ap- 
pears. In this document, Edmund Far- 
rington and his associates are called the 

"Undertakers," and in addition to his sig- 
nature thereon appeared those of John 
Farrington and Thomas Farrington, two 
of his sons. 

On the 17th of May, 1640, in company 
with various others of the inhabitants of 
Lynn, Edmund Farrington made a voy- 
age with Captain Daniel How to Long 
Island, where they cast anchor in Cow 
Bay and entered into negotiations with 
the Indians for the purchase of a tract of 
land. From the savages, they acquired 
a tract running from the eastern part of 
Oyster Bay to Cow Bay, and began a 
settlement ; however, the jurisdiction of 
that territory was claimed by the Dutch, 
and Governor Kieft, of New Netherland 
speedily drove them forth, when they 
were forced to abandon the land. A new 
site for settlement being necessary, they 
chose the district called Agawam, and 
purchased from the Indians for a con- 
sideration of sixteen coats and eighty 
bushels of Indian corn, a tract of land 
about twenty miles long and six miles 
wide on Long Island, which tract they 
christened "Southampton," and began 
their settlement, December 13, 1640. Ed- 
mund Farrington remained there some 
years, superintending the inception of the 
enterprise, but later, the colony being 
firmly established, returned to Lynn, 
where he had retained his property. 

In 1643 he was in Lynn, and is men- 
tioned in the inventory of Abraham Bel- 
knap ; in 1661, he made a deposition 
that he was then about seventy-four 
years of age. His vigor and activity are 
shown when, in 1665 (then seventy-eight 
years old), he built himself a mill, dug a 
pond, and opened a brook for half a mile. 
This brook was called in his honor "Far- 
rington's Brook." In 1661 he made a 
deed to his eldest son, Matthew, of lands 
in Lynn. Edmund Farrington died Janu- 
ary 2, 1671. He married, in England. 



Issue: I. Sarah, born 

in England about 1621. 2. Matthew, men- 
tioned below. 3. John, mentioned below. 
4. Eliza, born in England ; eight years 
old in 1635 5 married John Fuller. 5. Ed- 
ward, mentioned below. 6. Thomas, men- 
tioned below. 

(II) Matthew Farrington, son of Ed- 
mund and Elizabeth Farrington, was 
born in England in 1623, and in 1635, 
when twelve years of age, accompanied 
his parents to New England on the 
"Hopewell." He may have gone to 
Southampton for a short period, but he 
soon returned to Lynn, Massachusetts, 
where his father made him a deed of land 
in 1 661, It is thought that Matthew Far- 
rington married, while on a visit to Long 
Island, and that some of his children were 
born there. Some difference exists as to 
the number and names of his children, 
but the following have been declared by 
various writers to be his: i. John, soldier 
in Captain Gardner's company, and 
wounded December 19, 1675 ; married 
Lydia Hudson. 2. Matthew, a freeman 
in 1691. 3. Theophilus. 4. William. 

(II) John Farrington, son of Edmund 
and Elizabeth Farrington, was born in 
England about 1624. He was brought 
by his father and mother to America in 
1635, and is recorded as then being eleven 
years of age. He was at Lynn with his 
father, and there gave bonds for Isaac 
Deesbro before the General Court. On 
December 11, 1646, he settled in Dedham, 
but later removed to Southampton, going 
thence with Rev. Abraham Pierson. His 
name was affixed to the undertaking as 
to the vessel for the Southampton set- 
tlers, March 10, 1639. Later he returned 
to Lynn. John Farrington died in 1676. 
Administration on his estate was granted 
to his widow, Mary, July 28, 1676, and 
after her decease in 1704, their son John 
made distribution of the estate, July 3, 

1704, to his brothers and sisters. Issue: 
I. Mary, born in 1650. 2. John, distrib- 
uted his father's estate in 1704. 3. Na- 
thaniel. 4. Daniel. 5. Benjamin. 6. 
Sarah, married Witherley. 7. Abi- 
gail, married Hoadley. 8. Mary, 

married Kenney ; issue, Mary 

Kenney. 9. Hannah, married Ab- 
bott ; issue, John Abbott. 

(II) Edward Farrington, son of Ed- 
mund and Elizabeth Farrington, appeared 
on the list of inhabitants at Southampton, 
Long Island, in 1645, ^^^ he was in that 
township also in 1656, 1657, and perhaps 
in 1658. He was one of the patentees or 
incorporators of Flushing, and was in 
residence at Flushing in the year 1651, 
and a magistrate there in 1657. He was 
a man of property and substance in Flush- 

He was in strong sympathy with the 
Society of Friends, "Quakers" so called ; 
on December 26, 1657, ^^^^ being a mag- 
istrate at Flushing, he signed his name 
to the famous "Remonstrance" addressed 
to Governor Stuyvesant, in answer to the 
latter's proclamation against the Quakers. 
This "Remonstrance" was the culmina- 
tion to the troubles which had arisen 
since the arrival of the ship "Wood- 
house" on August 6, 1657, which brought 
to the New Netherland several members 
of the Society of Friends, some of whom 
removed to Long Island, and settled in 
Jamaica and Flushing. Governor Sti-y- 
vesant issued a proclamation imposing a 
fine on any one who harbored a Quaker 
for a night, one-half of the fine to go to 
the informer. "This cruel law," states an 
historian of Flushing, "called out the 
famous and noble remonstrance of Flush- 
ing, which was signed by twenty-eight 
freeholders" (of whom Edward Farring- 
ton was one). The property owners who 
thus signed this paper were later made to 
suffer for their boldness. Among others. 



Edward Farrington was arrested and im- 
prisoned, but on January lo, 1658, was 
pardoned and released. Later, the States- 
General in Holland (after hearing- John 
Bowne, the famous Quaker, who was 
brother-in-law of Edward Farrington), 
directed Stuyvesant to be more lenient 
toward the sect, and thereafter meetings 
of the society were held at various houses 
in Flushing, among which were those of 
John Farrington (brother of Edward) 
and others. Edward Farrington made his 
will, April 14, 1673, ^^^ ^^ it provided 
that his wife Dorothy should have the use 
of his property until her decease, and after 
her death to his "eldest son John all his 
housing, land, orchard, gardens in the 
town of Flushing, etc., to returne to ye 
next heire male of the blood of ye Far- 
ringtons and soe from generation to gen- 
eration forever." He married Dorothy 

. Issue: I. John. 2. Matthew, 

mentioned below. 

(II) Thomas Farrington, son of Ed- 
mund and Elizabeth Farrington, was in 
Southampton in 1645, five years after its 
foundation. He joined with his father in 
signing the undertaking as to the vessel 
for the use of the Southampton settlers 
in 1639, but when the charter of Flushing 
was obtained from the Dutch governor, 
Kieft, October 10, 1645, he is recited as 
the first patentee "Thomas fifarrington" 
out of the entire eighteen incorporators. 
He owned a large tract of land in Flush- 
ing, and was one of its most prominent 
inhabitants. He married Abigail . 

(III) Matthew Farrington, son of Ed- 
ward and Dorothy Farrington, married 

Hannah . His name appears on 

the list of inhabitants of Flushing in 1689, 
and he is also referred to in the account 
of "Fflushings Prouisions" taken in July, 

(Ill) John Farrington, son of John 
Farrington, was born in Flushing; he was 

a member of the Society of Friends, and 
in 1707 was engaged to take care of the 
meeting house. His kinsman was John 
Farrington, the Quaker, who suffered so 
severely during the Revolution, In the 
account preserved of the property losses 
of the Quakers when the British occupied 
Long Island appear the following items : 

1780. Taken from John Farrington a gun worth 
£2; a table £3; 2 hogs £8 ids. 

1781. 3rd month. There came to John Farring- 
tons house David Rowland, a sergeant under Cap- 
tain Hoogland, for a demand of £3 8s., took away 
a piece of linen, worth £3 6s., being levied by way 
of taxes, as was said to defray the expense of 
guarding the fort at Whitestone. 

1782. Taken from John Farrington goods worth 
£3 IIS. 4d. 

It is said that nearly all the oppression 
of the Quakers in Flushing was at the 
hands of the Hessians. Not all the Far- 
ringtons, however, were non-combatants ; 
a company was organized in Flushing, 
July 27, 1776, which became part of Colo- 
nel Josiah Smith's regiment, and was 
used to protect the live stock on Long 
Island. In the muster roll appear, under 
the heading of "Privates," the names of 
Benjamin Farrington and Matthew Far- 
rington, who were allowed at the rate of 
$6-2/3 per month. Captain Matthew Far- 
rington, of the "Nancy," was married, 
November 27, 1780, to Phebe McCullum. 
Previously, in 171 5, in the list of "officers 
and souldiers" belonging to the com- 
pany of Captain Jonathan Wright, ap- 
peared : "Thomas Farrington, Bay Side," 
"Thomas fTarrington of ye Towne," and 
"Samll ITarrington," among the soldiers. 

(IV) Thomas Farrington, son of Mat- 
thew and Hannah Farrington, was born 
in Flushing, Long Island, May 29, 1712. 
He removed from Flushing about 1750. 
and became domiciled first in Yonkers 
and afterwards at Hunt's Bridge, and 
lastly at Long Reach. He was one of the 



overseers of roads in East Chester, April 

15, 1774- 

Abigail Farrington, descendant of the 
above Flushing family, was born in 
Flushing, Long Island, December 12, 
1763. ^he married Dr. William Lawton, 
son of/Dr. Pliny and Lucretia (Sargent) 
LavvtJn. (See Lawton. See Sargent), 

CALDERWOOD, Edwin Crawford 

The surname Calderwood is derived, 
according to "Scottish Nation," a bio- 
graphical history of Scotland, from an 
ancient lordship and manor of that name. 
There is a river Calder which flows 
through the manor. Although the Calder- 
wood family owned the estate, it is not 
known when they first settled there or 
when the property went into other hands. 
The manor consisted of the villages of 
Great and Little Calderwood. The first 
mention of the family was in 1296, when 
the proprietor of Calderwood did homage 
to King Edward I, of England, in respect 
to his lordship. The family is thought to 
have scattered about the fourteenth or 
fifteenth century, many of them going to 
Ireland while others settled in the south 
of Scotland, in the neighborhood of Edin- 
burgh, and in Dalkirth. The families of 
Dalkirth and Edinburgh were prominent 
and held important offices. One of the 
family was a justice of the peace, one a 
bailee and commissioner to the Parlia- 
ment of 1648, 1649 and 1661 ; one was 
sheriff of Edinburgh from 1696 to 1701, 
being knighted, in 1706, Sir William 
Calderwood, and he became Lord Patton 
in 171 1. The Parliament of 1647 ^P" 
pointed Archibald Calderwood a com- 
missioner of war. David Calderwood, 
born 1573, in Dalkirth, was a distin- 
guished divine of the Church of Scot- 
land, and was one of the best known 
ecclesiastical historians ; he received the 
degree of A. M. in 1593, and was one of 

the Presbyterian ministers who strongly 
opposed the plans of James VI, of intro- 
ducing Episcopacy in Scotland. Because 
of this he was imprisoned and after a 
time released on condition that he leave 
the country. In 1625, when King James 
died, he returned from Holland to Scot- 
land. In addition to his "History of the 
Kirk of Scotland," he published about 
twenty other works, and his manuscript 
of the history is preserved in the British 

(I) William Calderwood, the earliest 
known ancestor of the branch of the fam- 
ily herein followed, was a resident of 
Ayershire, Scotland, and died there in the 
year 1875, aged eighty-two years. He 
took an active interest in all that con- 
cerned his home city, and was numbered 
among the representative citizens. He 
married and was the father of thi'ee sons : 
Andrew, John and James, and eleven 
daughters, names unknown. 

(II) James Calderwood, son of Wil- 
liam Calderwood, was born in the year 
1803, and died in the year 1850. After 
completing his studies in the local school, 
he served an apprenticeship at the trades 
of saddler and harnessmaker in Glasgow, 
Scotland, and became a proficient jour- 
neyman. He engaged in business on his 
own account, gave employment to a num- 
ber of men, and was successful in all his 
undertakings, owing to his complete 
equipment therefore. He was a member 
of the Presbyterian church, and v.^as 
actively interested in all branches of its 
work. He married Elizabeth Anderson, 
born in the year 1805, died in the year 
1850, the same year as the death of her 
husband occurred. Their children were 
as follows : Mary, deceased, was the wife 
of Duncan Crawford ; Anne, deceased, 
was the wife of James Wilson ; John, de- 
ceased ; Elizabeth, became the wife of 
Robert Southerland ; William (2), of 



whom further ; Ellen, deceased, was the 
wife of John Crawford ; she came to 

(Ill) William (2) Calderwood, young- 
est son of James and Elizabeth (Ander- 
son) Calderwood, was born in Glasgow, 
Scotland, November 6, 1838. He received 
his education in the schools of Bonbills, 
near Loch Lomond, on the River Loren, 
which river runs from Loch Lomond into 
the River Clyde, and which is a great 
river for trout fishing. After his school 
studies were completed, he assisted his 
father in his work for a short period of 
time, and when eighteen years of age 
secured employment in a wholesale tea 
and cofifee house in Glasgow, so contin- 
uing for a period of two years. He then 
removed to Ontario, Canada, and en- 
gaged in general merchandise on his own 
account, remaining so occupied for about 
fourteen years, when he decided to come 
to the United States, which he accord- 
ingly did, locating in Hartford, Connecti- 
cut. Upon being informed that Thomp- 
sonville, Connecticut, was a good location 
for business, he accordingly removed 
thither and established a general depart- 
ment store. He purchased his first bill 
of goods in Hartford, Connecticut, in 
1872. He continued in business until 
1880, when with others he became inter- 
ested in the manufacture of metallic 
caskets, erecting a factory for making the 
same in Thompsonville. The business did 
not meet up to their expectations, and in 
1883 ^^^- Calderwood changed his place of 
business to Springfield, Massachusetts, 
and in company with a Mr. Burns, en- 
gaged in the furniture business. Their 
store was on the site of the present Union 
Trust Company building, and was one of 
the finest and best equipped in the city. 
The business was conducted under the 
firm name of Calderwood & Burns. After 
the death of Mr. Puirns, Mr. Calderwood 

disposed of the business, and in June, 
1889, returned to Thompsonville, Connec- 
ticut, and purchased the department store 
that he formerly owned, conducting a suc- 
cessful business there until the year 1917, 
when he disposed of the same and retired 
from active pursuits after a successful 
business career of more than forty-five 
years in this country. Mr. Calderwood 
was importuned to accept public office, 
but always declined the honor, preferring 
to devote his entire time to his mercantile 
pursuits. During his residence in Thomp- 
sonville he was ever interested in every- 
thing pertaining to the welfare of the 
town. He was president of the Board of 
Trade, and was instrumental in locating 
the Lozier Bicycle Works in the town. 
He served on dififerent boards, was chair- 
man of the Board of Sewer Commis- 
sioners, was chairman of the com- 
mission that erected the town build- 
ings, and was a trustee of the Bank of 
Thompsonville. He was an attendant of 
the Presbyterian church of Thompson- 
ville, and president of the governing 
board of that church. During his early 
days, Mr. Calderwood frequently crossed 
the channel from Scotland to Ireland to 
visit a sister, and there is a town in the 
North of Ireland named Calderwoodville. 
During his residence in Canada, Mr. 
Calderwood returned once to Scotland 
to visit his relatives. 

Mr. Calderwood married, September 
14, 1873, Ellen Alderman, of Canastota, 
Madison county, New York, born Novem- 
ber 3, 1848, daughter of James and Sarah 
Ann (Seaton) Alderman. Children of 
Mr. and Mrs. Calderwood: i. Edwin 
Crawford, of whom further. 2. James 
Wilson, born November 19, 1877; assist- 
ant superintendent of Pratt & Whitney 
Company, Hartford, Connecticut; married 
Maria Brouchu ; children : Ellen, born 
February 22, 1902 ; Edna, born Decem- 



ber 25, 1904; Marie, born October 12, 
1909. 3. Nellie, born November 7, 1879; 
became the wife of Leslie Carlton Brain- 
ard, of Thompsonville, Connecticut; chil- 
dren : Virginia Bright, born November 
30, 191 1 ; Horace King, born June 15, 
1913. 4. Charles, born February 13, 1882. 
5. Lillian, born March 13, 1884. 6. Fred- 
erick Anderson, a sketch of whom fol- 
lows. 7. Herbert Harrison, born April 
25, 1888; a traveling salesman; married 
Edith Brainard ; children : Bernice, born 
January 29, 1912; Herbert Harrison, Jr., 
born November 22, 1920. Of the sons of 
Mr. Calderwood, all gained their first 
experience in the store conducted by their 
father, this business being the most exten- 
sive of any store between Hartford and 

(IV) Edwin Crawford Calderwood, 
eldest son of William (2) and Ellen 
(Alderman) Calderwood, was bom in 
Thompsonville, Connecticut, May i, 
1876. He attended the schools of his 
native town. His business training was 
gained by attendance at Childs' Business 
College, Springfield, Massachusetts. In 
1892 he put to the test the theoretical 
knowledge obtained in college by becom- 
ing an employee in his father's store, con- 
tinuing as such for three years. He then 
became a student in the Eastman Busi- 
ness College, Poughkeepsie, New York, 
taking the full course in three months and 
three weeks. In June, 1895, he entered 
the employ of the wholesale grocery es- 
tablishment of Sturtevant, Merrick Com- 
pany, filling the position of bill clerk, his 
remuneration being ten dollars per week. 
His next step was shipping clerk, then 
bookkeeper, then cashier, drawing fifteen 
dollars per week. On July 27, 1896, he 
went on the road for the house, his salary 
eighteen dollars per week, which in Janu- 
ary, 1897, was advanced to twenty dollars 
per week. He traveled for the com- 
pany for four years, up to 1901, it being 

then a partnership. At that date it was 
incorporated, and Mr. Calderwood was 
appointed secretary of the corporate com- 
pany of Sturtevant, Merrick Company. 
When he entered the employ of the com- 
pany it was conducting a business of a 
quarter of a million dollars a year, and 
in 1913 the business had increased to such 
large proportions that they were obliged 
to work twenty-four hours a day, employ- 
ing two shifts. They purchased the prop- 
erty at No. 245 Chestnut street, and 
erected a large building thereon, which 
they occupied until January, 1921. The 
business had increased so rapidly that 
the latter named concern has conducted 
a business of over two million dollars a 
year, when they disposed of the property, 
and the Sturtevant, Calderwood Com- 
pany was organized, taking over the busi- 
ness of the Sturtevant, Merrick Company, 
the latter becoming a holding company. 
In 1916 Mr. Calderwood was made man- 
ager of this company. At the present 
time he is also secretary of the Sturte- 
vant, Merrick Company, and president of 
the Sturtevant, Calderwood Company. 
During the World War, Mr. Calderwood 
served on the Fair Price Commission in 
the city of Springfield. Mr. Calderwood 
is a member of Faith Congregational 
Church, Springfield, and is also a member 
of its prudential committee and chairman 
of the finance committee. 

Mr. Calderwood married (first), Au- 
gust 10, 1898, Jennie Borland, of Yonkers, 
New York, daughter of George and Mary 
(Lloyd) Borland. Children: Edwin Bor- 
land, born April 26, 1899; Gordon Lloyd, 
born January 14, 1905 ; Ruth, born April 
28, 1906. The mother of these children 
died January 27, 1916. Mr. Calderwood 
married (second), June 8, 1917, Minnie 
Rachel Donaldson, of Winsted, Connecti- 
cut, daughter of William and Mary Eliza- 
beth (Hasbrook) Donaldson. 



CALDERWOOD, Frederick Anderson 

A representative of the fourth genera- 
tion, Frederick Anderson Calderwood, 
son of William (2) and Ellen (Alderman) 
Calderwood, whose history appears in the 
preceding sketch of his brother, Edwin C. 
Calderwood, was born in Thompsonville, 
Connecticut, March i, 1886. 

The schools of his native town afforded 
him the means of obtaining a practical 
education and this he supplemented by a 
special course of study in the high school 
on political economy, business economics 
and special business, completing this 
course at the early age of sixteen years. 
He then entered the employ of the West- 
field Plate Company in Thompsonville, 
with whom he remained for five years, 
attaining the position of assistant man- 
ager. His next employment was on 
special work for the Lozier Motor Com- 
pany in Plattsburg, New York, from 
where he was transferred to Detroit, 
Michigan. In 1912 he went to Boston, 
Massachusetts, as assistant manager for 
the Lozier Motor Company, covering 
New England territory from the Boston 
office. At the expiration of two years he 
resigned from this position in order to 
engage in business for himself, which he 
accordingly did, establishing a manufac- 
turing business under the name of the 
Calderwood Sales Company. In 1916 Mr. 
Calderwood removed to Springfield, Mas- 
sachusetts, and accepted a position as 
vice-president and manager of the Chand- 
ler Motor Company, which offices he is 
filling at the present time (1921). He is 
also a member of the board of directors 
of the Reed Garage Company. In 1920 
he filled the office of president of the 
Springfield Automobile Dealers' Associa- 

He holds membership in the order of 
Free and Accepted Masons in Thompson- 
ville, Connecticut; and the following in 

Springfield : Nayasset Club, Manchoris 
Club, Kiwanis Club, Chamber of Com- 
merce, Springfield Trap Shooting and 
Casting Club, Faith Church Club, and the 
Young Men's Christian Association. 

Mr. Calderwood married (first), Octo- 
ber 19, 1910, Florence Bogue, of East 
Hartford, Connecticut, born March 7, 
1889, daughter of Lincoln H. and Annie 
(Sellew) Bogue. One child was born of 
this marriage, Frederick Anderson, Jr., 
born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, July 
7, 1913. Mrs. Calderwood died March 
15, 1919. Mr. Calderwood married (sec- 
ond), June 28, 1920, Grace L. Moses, of 
Springfield, Massachusetts, born Novem- 
ber 17, 1897, daughter of William and 
Jessie (Jones) Moses. 


HILDRETH, Eiftwin Hunter 

The Hildreth family is a very old one 
in this country, the ancestor of all of this 
name in Massachusetts being Richard 
Hildreth, who, as ascertained from an old 
grave stone, was born in 1612. He was 
made a freeman May 10, 1643, ^"^ ^i^d 
in Chelmsford in 1688. He was made a 
freeman in 1643, ^^^ ^^^ name is recorded 
as one of a group of twenty men from the 
towns of Woburn and Concord who peti- 
tioned the General Court of Massachu- 
setts Bay in the year 1652 "for a tract of 
land lying on the west side of Concord, 
or Mus-ke-ta-quid river" where the peti- 
tioners say "they do find a very com- 
fortable place to accommodate a com- 
pany of God's people upon." The petition 
was granted and a settlement founded 
there. Richard Hildreth married (first) 

Sarah , died June 15, 1644, and to 

this marriage were born : Jane, and 
James. He married (second) Elizabeth 

, who died at Maiden, August 3, 

1693, aged sixty-eight years. To this mar- 
riage were born : Ephraim, Abigail, 
Joseph, Perisis, Thomas, and Isaac. The 



various branches of this family, and the 
descendants of these children, have pro- 
duced many substantial citizens of ster- 
ling character and high attainments. 
Samuel Prescott Hildreth, who was born 
in Massachusetts in 1783, settled in Ohio 
in 1806, and wrote a "Pioneer History of 
the Ohio Valley" and "Biographical and 
Historical Memorials of the Early Set- 
tlers of Ohio," was in the sixth genera- 
tion from Richard Hildreth, the immi- 
grant ancestor. Richard Hildreth, born 
in Massachusetts in 1807, the distin- 
guished journalist, anti-slavery writer, 
and author of a "History of the United 
States of America," in six volumes, was 
also a descendant of the early settler. 
A. F. Hildreth was postmaster of Lowell 
in 1856; Dr. Israel Hildreth lived in 
Dracut; and Dr. Benjamin Hildreth lived 
in Bethuen. A brother of Dr. Benjamin 
Hildreth settled in Hillsborough county. 
New Hampshire, and was the first of the 
name in that State. One of the sons of 
the first Richard Hildreth was the ances- 
tor of Stephen Hildreth, from whom the 
lineal descent of Edwin Hunter Hildreth 
is traced as follows : 

(I) Stephen Hildreth, born in 1742, 
died in 1800, was a soldier in the Revolu- 
tionary War and with Captain Josiah 
Brown's Company, Colonel Enoch Hale's 
Regiment, marched from Ipswich, New 
Hampshire, June 29, 1777, to reinforce the 
garrison at Fort Ticonderoga, returning 
to Ringe, third Corporal Stephen Hil- 
dreth. In September, 1777, as a member 
of Captain Edmund Bryant's Company, 
Colonel Daniel Moore's Regiment, he 
marched with the New Hampshire Vol- 
unteers from Ipswich, New Hampshire, 
and joined the Continental Army at 
Saratoga. He received his discharge, 
honorably won, October 25, 1777. Stephen 
Hildreth married Esther Manning, who 
died in 1827, and among their children 
was a son, Samuel. 

(II) Samuel Hildreth, son of Stephen 
and Esther (Manning) Hildredth, was 
born in Ipswich, Massachusetts, in 1764, 
and died in 1840. At an early age he 
removed to Cornish, Sullivan county. New 
Hampshire, where his name appears upon 
a petition to the governor, asking for the 
appointment of one William Deming as 
justice of the peace for Cornish, Septem- 
ber 9, 1786. He was a man of great 
energy and perseverance and tackled the 
task of clearing the three hundred acres 
of heavily wooded land, which he had 
taken up, with such zest and skill that 
an ample space was soon ready for culti- 
vation. His buildings were of logs, but 
later in life he erected a fine set of build- 
ings, one of his barns being one hundred 
feet long with sills and ridge poles made 
from single trees. This barn is still stand- 
ing, the best specimen of pioneer car- 
pentry in the region. He was also a car- 
penter and a millwright and did consid- 
erable work for his pioneer neighbors of 
the region round about. He became a 
leading man of the community, well 
known as a man of unlimited capacity for 
hard work, and very successful. No ob- 
stacle daunted his courage, and his 
energy and perseverance were such that 
what he undertook to do he usually ac- 
complished. He was popular as the ef- 
ficient captain of a company of militia 
which served under him in the War of 
1812, stationed at Portsmouth. He mar- 
ried Zilpah Gilbert, born in 1770, and died 
in 185 1, at the age of eighty-one years, 
and they were the parents of seven chil- 
dren, two of whom died young. The five 
who lived to maturity were : Betsy, 
Salmon, of whom further; James, Chloe, 
and Manning. 

(III) Salmon Hildreth, son of Samuel 
and Zilpah (Gilbert) Hildreth, was born 
in Cornish, New Hampshire, October, 
1794, and died March 30, 1861. He as- 
sisted his father until he reached his 



majority and then went to Plainfield, 
where for a time he operated a small 
foundry, later engaging in cabinet mak- 
ing, and manufacturing small wood work 
in which business he was engaged until 
the time of his death. He was a man 
highly respected by his friends and neigh- 
bors ; was an ardent Democrat of the Jef- 
fersonian type, as was his father before 
him ; and in religious faith was a Univer- 
salist. He married Lois Chandler Rob- 
inson, daughter of James and Judith 
(Reed) Robinson, of Reading, Vermont, 
born in Reading, December 8, 1802, died 
June 2, 1888. Her father was a native of 
Lexington, Massachusetts, and soldier in 
the War of 1812. The children of Salmon 
and Lois Chandler (Robinson) Hildreth 
were : James Henry, deceased, who 
served in the Civil War; Samuel, of 
further mention; Charles M., deceased; 
Rosella, married Thaddeus Conant ; Oscar 
D., deceased ; and Eliza A., deceased. 

(IV) Samuel Hildreth, son of Salmon 
and Lois Chandler (Robinson) Hildreth, 
was born in Plainfield, New Hampshire, 
April 29, 1827, and died in Springfield, 
Massachusetts, January 19, 1914. When 
a young man he moved to Windsor, Ver- 
mont, where he learned the trade of gun- 
smith. In 1861 he came to Springfield, 
Massachusetts, and entered the employ 
of the Federal Government in the United 
States Armory, where he remained for 
over forty years until his retirement in 
1902. At this time he was probably the 
oldest employee in point of time of service 
in the employ of the government in these 
works. , In religious belief he was an 
Episcopalian, a member of Christ Epis- 
copal Church. He married Abbie C. 
Hunter, born in Windsor, Vermont, in 
1833, died March 29, 1918. She was the 
daughter of David and Clarissa K. 
(Stocker) Hunter. Mr. and Mrs. Samuel 
Hildreth were the parents of one son, 
Edwin Hunter. 

(V) Edwin Hunter Hildreth, son of 
Samuel and Abbie C. (Hunter) Hildreth, 
was born in Windsor, Vermont, Novem- 
ber 4, 1869. He was brought to Spring- 
field by his parents and received his edu- 
cation in the grammar and high schools of 
that city. Upon leaving school in 1887, 
he entered the office of the Fire and 
Marine Insurance Company, of Spring- 
field, and has ever since been associated 
with that company. His ability, faithful- 
ness, and energy have brought him sev- 
eral promotions. In 1894 he was made 
special agent for the company, having 
charge of the territory in Connecticut, 
Western Massachusetts, Vermont, and 
New Hampshire. In 191 1 he became as- 
sistant secretary of the company, and in 
1917 was appointed secretary, which 
responsible position he holds at the pres- 
ent time. He has now (1921) been with 
this company for thirty-four consecutive 
years, is one of its oldest employees, and 
is among the well known insurance men 
of Western Massachusetts. He has a 
wide circle of friends and acquaintances, 
and is well known, not only in the busi- 
ness world, but also in the clubs of Spring- 
field, being a member of the Nayasset 
Club ; of the Manchoiras Club ; of the 
South Branch Fishing Club, and of the 
Country Club. 

On May 19, 1896, Edwin Hunter Hil- 
dreth married Marion H. Sterns, born in 
Hartford, Connecticut, daughter of Ed- 
ward H. Sterns. / 

PUFFER, Herbert Cyrus ' f 

As president and treasurer of the H. C. 
Puflfer Company, Inc., of Springfield, 
Massachusetts, dealers in flour and grain, 
Herbert Cyrus Puflfer traces his ancestry 
through eight generations to George 
Puffer, who was with English settlers in 
Boston before 1639. The line of descent 
from George Puffer to Herbert Cyrus 
Puffer is traced as follows : 



(I) George Puffer was granted land 
at Braintree, Massachusetts, and here 
resided until his death, September 27, 
1639. He was survived by his widow 
for nearly forty years, her death occurring 
February 18, 1676. George Puffer and 
wife had three sons, of whom one was 

(II) James Puffer, son of George 
Puffer, was born about 1624, and lived 
on his father's land at Braintree. He was 
active in public affairs, a man of ability 
and energy, and served his town as con- 
stable in 1679-80. His life was a shorter 
one than that of many of the pioneer 
fathers, his death occurring July 25, 1692, 
when he was not yet sixty years of age. 
He married, February 14, 1656, Mary 
Ludden, and they became the parents of 
seven children, among whom was Cap- 
tain Jabez. 

(III) Captain Jabez Puffer, son of 
James and Mary (Ludden) Puffer, was 
born February 4, 1672, and died at Sud- 
bury, Massachusetts, November 5, 1746. 
In 1712 he removed to Sudbury, and that 
he was public-spirited and a man of abil- 
ity, esteemed by his fellow-townsmen is 
evidenced by the fact that he was captain 
of the Sudbury Train Band. On Decem- 
ber 3, 1702, he married Mary Glazier, and 
they were the parents of seven children, 
among whom was Ephraim. 

(IV) Ephraim Puffer, son of Captain 
Jabez and Mary (Glazier) Puffer, was 
born in Sudbury, July 22, 1716, and died 
at Stow, Massachusetts, in 1757. He 
served in the French and Indian War in 
1739 with Captain Josiah Brown's Com- 
pany, and married, March 29, 1746, Mary 
Darby, daughter of Joseph Darby. To 
this marriage four children were born, 
among whom was Jonathan. 

(V) Jonathan Puffer, son of Ephraim 
and Mary (Darby) Puffer, was born at 
Sudbury, June 9, 1746, and died at Stow, 

September 4, 1817. He served in the 
Revolutionary War as a private in Cap- 
tain William Whitcomb's Company, 
Colonel James Prescott's Regiment, and 
took part in the battle of Concord in 1775. 
He married (first) Elizabeth Gibson ; he 
married (second), at Bolton, March 12, 
1771, Jemima Taft, who died February 28, 
1823, at the age of seventy-one years. 
Jonathan Puffer was the father of nine 
children, among whom was Simon. 

(VI) Simon Puffer, son of Jonathan 
Puffer, was born at Stow, Massachusetts, 
April 30, 1777. He lived an active, in- 
dustrious life, and in accordance with the 
general practice of the time, supple- 
mented farming with a trade which he 
followed during the winter. He was 
both farmer and cordwainer at Stow and 
at Leominster, and died in June, 1826. He 
married (first), January 22, 1801, Mary 
Conant, born in 1779, died March 8, 1821 ; 
he married (second), May 29, 1823, Abi- 
gail Rice, of Sudbury, who died in 1825, 
and was the father of eight children, 
among whom was Reuben. 

(VII) "Captain" Reuben Puffer, son 
of Simon and Mary (Conant) Puffer, was 
born in Sudbury, April 11, 1803, and died 
July 9, 1845. He received his education 
in the public schools of Stow, and resided 
in Stow and in Sudbury, Massachusetts, 
throughout his life. On May 18, 1832, he 
married Nancy Walker, who was born 
April 2, 1807, daughter of Paul Walker, 
and they became the parents of three chil- 
dren : Sophia Elizabeth and Albert War- 
ren, both deceased ; and Herbert Cyrus, 
of further mention. 

(VIII) Herbert Cyrus Puffer, young- 
est son of "Captain" Reuben and Nancy 
(Walker) Puffer, was born at Sudbury, 
Massachusetts, February 3, 1842. His 
father's house stood on the line dividing 
the towns of Stow and Sudbury, Massa- 
chusetts, and in the public schools of these 



two towns he received his education, being 
employed on his father's farm, remaining 
there most of the time until he was 
twenty-one years of age. In 1864 he went 
West and located at Mattoon, Illinois, 
where he entered the employ of the 
American Express Company. Here he 
remained for a time, then went to Chi- 
cago, where, already, grain elevators were 
handling heavy crops of grain on its way 
to the more populous regions of the East, 
by way of the Great Lakes. Here he re- 
ceived his first experience in the grain 
business and he saw that here was a 
business rich in possibilities, not only for 
the present but bound to increase with the 
years. He finally returned to the East, 
and established a flour and grain business, 
in Springfield, Massachusetts, in April, 
1868, and from that time to the present 
the business has grown steadily. The 
H. C. Puffer Company was organized 
with Mr. Puffer as president and treas- 
urer, and under this name has continued 
to prosper. The company deals in flour, 
feed, and grain, and operates a grain mill, 
milling in transit being one of its distinc- 
tive features. True to his New England 
inheritance, Mr. Puffer has been promi- 
nent in public life. 

While a resident of Stow Mr. Puffer 
cast the first vote for Abraham Lincoln, 
and has always taken an active interest 
in political matters. He has served in the 
City Council of Springfield, and also on 
its Board of Aldermen. While in the City 
Council he not only was instrumental in 
securing better lighting for the city, but 
compelled the reduction of the cost of the 
three hundred lights to be installed, the 
original estimates of $219 per light 
shrinking to the more modest but still 
profitable figure of $83.50 per light. He 
was chosen to represent his district in 
the State Legislature, where he did good 
service on the Committee on Cities. From 

1912 to 1916 he was on the Board of 
Water Commissioners, and the last year 
was chairman of the board. Fraternally, 
Mr. Puffer is affiliated with Springfield 
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons ; 
Hampden Lodge and Agawam Encamp- 
ment, Independent Order of Odd Fellows ; 
Winthrop Club, Springfield Country Club, 
Realty Club, Automobile Club, Connecti- 
cut Valley Historical Society, National 
Geographic Society, American Asiatic 
Association, and the Audubon Society of 
Massachusetts. He has been for many 
years a member of the Ancient Order of 
United Workmen. Mr. Puffer has also 
taken an active part in religious affairs, 
being a deacon of the First Highland 
Baptist Church, and has been superin- 
tendent of the Sunday school and presi- 
dent of the Men's Class, numbering some 
two hundred members. 

Herbert Cyrus Puffer married, April 8, 
1867, Elizabeth Wilder, daughter of 
Christopher and Sally (Whitney) Wilder, 
and they became the parents of four chil- 
dren : I. Nellie Frances, born February 
16, 1869 ; married Fordis Clifford Parker, 
a descendant of James Parker, who was 
the immigrant ancestor of the family in 
America. 2. Carrie Turner, born Decem- 
ber 2. 1874. 3. Sallie Wilder, born May 
28, 1878, died November i, 1880. 4. 
Herbert Reuben, born December 14, 1880, 
was educated in the public schools of 
Springfield, and at an early age began 
learning the business which had been es- 
tablished by his father. So well did he 
meet his responsibilities that he was made 
manager, which position he holds at the 
present time (1921). He is also assistant 
treasurer of the H. C. Puffer Company. 
He is a member of the Winthrop Club ; 
and an attendant and member of the 
Highland Baptist Church. He is also a 
member of Springfield Lodge, Free and 
Accepted Masons. He married, June 8, 




1907, Harriet Churchill, daughter of 
Charles Churchill ; they have one son, 
Charles Churchill. 

On February 3, 1922, Mr. Puffer cele- 
brated his eightieth birthday. ; ^f 

PERKINS, Henry Jason 

Among the well known and successful 
business men of Springfield, is Henry 
Jason Perkins, president and treasurer of 
the Henry J. Perkins Company, Inc., and 
also president of the Riverside Park 
Amusement Company, and a director of 
the Third National Bank of Springfield. 
Mr. Perkins comes of a very old Colonial 
family which was founded in this country 
by Abraham Perkins. 

The name Perkins is derived originally 
from the name Peterkin, and variously 
spelled Parkins, Perkings, Peterkins, etc. 
Several of the name were located in the 
neighborhood of Newent, Gloucester 
county, England, at an early date, and 
the first known record of the Perkins 
name is that of "Peter Morley, Esq., 
alias Perkins," who lived in the time of 
Richard II, about 1300. The branch of 
the family to which Henry J. Perkins 
belongs is descended from Abraham Per- 
kins, the line of descent being traced as 
follows : 

(I) Abraham Perkins, born about 1613, 
in England, was among the early resi- 
dents of Hampton, New Hampshire, 
where he had a house lot of five acres and 
was admitted freeman May 13, 1640. In 
the previous January he had received a 
grant of eighty acres, and in 1646 was 
owner of three shares in the commons. 
He was locally noted as a fine penman, 
and was prominent in the affairs of the 
colony, holding various local offices, in- 
cluding that of marshal in 1654. He died 
August 31, 1683. and his wife, Mary, who 
was born about 1618, survived him for 
more than a quarter of a century, her 

death occurring May 20, 1706. Among 
their children was Luke, of whom further. 

(II) Luke Perkins, son of Abraham 
and Mary Perkins, was born in 1641, and 
settled in Charlestown, Massachusetts, 
where he died March 20, 1710. He was 
a shoemaker by trade. He married, 
March 9, 1663, Hannah Cookery, who was 
admitted to the Charlestown Church 
March 29, 1668, and died November 16, 
1715. They were the parents of children, 
among whom was Luke (2), of whom 

(HI) Luke (2) Perkins, son of Luke 
(i) and Hannah (Cookery) Perkins, was 
baptized in Charlestown, March 24, 1667. 
He was a blacksmith, followed his trade, 
and resided successively in Beverly, Ips- 
wich, Marblehead, Wenham, and Plymp- 
ton, Massachusetts, finally settling in the 
last name place about 1714. There he 
died, December 27, 1748. He married, 
May 31, 1688, Martha Conant, born 
August 15, 1664, died January 2, 1754, 
third daughter of Lot and Elizabeth 
(Walton) Conant, and granddaughter of 
Roger and Sarah (Horton) Conant. 
Roger Conant was descended from John 
Conant of East Budleigh, Devonshire, 
England, whose son, Richard, was born 
about 1548. Richard Conant married 
Anne Clark, and they were the parents 
of Roger Canant, baptized April 9, 1592, 
the immigrant American ancestor of 
numerous descendants. Among the chil- 
dren of Luke (2) and Martha (Conant) 
Perkins was Mark, of whom further. 

(IV) Mark Perkins, son of Luke (2) 
and Martha (Conant) Perkins, was bap- 
tized at the First Church of Beverly, 
April 30, 1699, and resided for a time in 
Ipswich, whence he removed to North 
Bridgewater in 1741. Like his father he 
was a blacksmith. He died December 20, 
1756, in Bridgewater, now Brockton. He 
married (intentions published in Ipswich 



June 4, 1721), Dorothy Whipple, daugh- 
ter of Matthew Whipple, of that town, 
and they were the parents of eleven chil- 
dren : Dorothy, who married, Jacob 
Packard ; Matthew ; Sarah, married Eben- 
ezer Packard ; Josiah ; Jonathan ; Isaac ; 
Martha, married Nathan Packard ; Eben- 
ezer ; Jemima ; Mary ; and Jesse, of whom 

(V) Captain Jesse Perkins, son of 
Mark and Dorothy (Whipple) Perkins, 
was born December 6, 1742, at North 
Bridgewater, now Brockton, Massachu- 
setts, and died January 27, 1826, aged 
eighty-four years. He married (first), in 
June, 1769, Susanna Field, daughter of 
Dr. Daniel Field. She died June 30, 1789, 
and he married (second), November 12, 
1789, Bliss Phinney, daughter of Peletiah 
Phinney. The children of the first mar- 
riage were : Susanna ; Zadock, of whom 
further ; Rachel, married Shepherd Per- 
kins ; Jesse, born June 13, 1777, died April 
23, 1780. To the second marriage one 
child, Jesse, was born January 3, 1791. 

(VI) Zadock Perkins, son of Captain 
Jesse and Susanna (Field) Perkins, was 
born in North Bridgewater, Massachu- 
setts, November 21, 1771, and died April 
16, 1804. He married, December 15, 1796, 
Hannah Packard, who survived him and 
married (second) William Edson. She 
died February i, 1852. The children of 
Zadock and Hannah (Packard) Perkins 
were: Ansel, of whom further; and Sid- 
ney, born June 15, 1799. 

(VII) Ansel Perkins, son of Zadock 
and Hannah (Packard) Perkins, was born 
in North Bridgewater, Massachusetts, 
October 4, 1797, and died November 4, 
1850. A shoemaker by trade, he made 
good stout shoes for the men, women and 
children of his neighborhood, and asked 
an honest price, receiving often instead 
of money, "goods in kind" as payment. 
He was a man who took an active interest 

in all the afifairs of his town, and was 
highly respected by his fellow-citizens. 
He married (first). May 13, 1819, Dorothy 
Battles, a descendant of Thomas Battles, 
who was in Dedham, Massachusetts, as 
early as 1642, was a freeman in 1654, at 
Sudbury in 1664, and again at Dedham in 
1674, his death occurring there February 
8, 1706 (see Battles line). Dorothy 
(Battles) Perkins died December 13, 
1826, and Ansel Perkins married (sec- 
ond), September 16, 1827, Sarah B. 
Leach, daughter of Apollos Leach, of 
Scotland. To the first marriage two chil- 
dren were born: Jason B., of whom 
further; and Isaac, born November 17, 
1826. The children of the second mar- 
riage were : Ansel Franklin, born Octo- 
ber 8, 1828; Apollos Leach, born Decem- 
ber 13, 1830; Sarah O., who married 
Hiram Kendrick ; and Mary. 

(VIII) Jason B. Perkins, son of Ansel 
and Dorothy (Battles) Perkins, was born 
in Brockton (formerly North Bridge- 
water), Massachusetts, April 25, 1823. 
He received his education in the local 
schools and then learned the carpenter's 
trade. Engaged in the work of his trade, 
he early realized that the greater oppor- 
tunities come to the contractor and 
builder, rather than to the carpenter busy 
with his day's work, and as soon as he 
had saved enough of his earnings, he en- 
gaged in contracting and building for 
himself. By careful study, observation, 
and practice, he became skillful as an 
architect, and was engaged in this until 
1861, when he went to Northampton, 
Massachusetts, where he remained for 
some time, then came to Springfield and 
some years was engaged as carpenter, 
contractor and builder, then gave this up 
and followed his profession as an archi- 
tect until the time of his death. He was 
instrumental in the designing and build- 
ing of some of the finest blocks and resi- 



dences in the city, building, during the 
years of his activity, including the Mad- 
den block, the Kinsman block, the Steiger 
block, the George B. Holbrook residence, 
also the George R. Holbrook residence, 
the Goodhue residence, Dr. Corcoran's 
residence, and many others. Mr. Perkins 
was a member of the Free and Accepted 
Masons, of Brockton. He married, Octo- 
ber lo, 1853, Jerusha Blackmer Holmes, 
of Middleboro, Massachusetts, daughter 
of Jesse (see Holmes line) and Mary 
(Burbank) Holmes, the latter of whom 
died December 19, 1904. Mr. and Mrs. 
Jason Perkins were the parents of eight 
children : Anna, born November 14, 
1854; Mary, born March 7, 1857, 'who 
married Charles W. Hardy, Jr., of New- 
tonville, Massachusetts ; Henry Jason, of 
whom further ; Lyman Holmes, born May 
29, 1864; Jessie, born September 14, 
1866, who married Frank W. Ellis, of Des 
Moines, Iowa ; Frank Billings, born April 
29, 1869; Emma Grace, born August 18, 
1871, who married Ernest F. Young, of 
Springfield ; and Alfred Burbank, born 
June 9, 1874, married, and is the father 
of one child, Philip. 

(IX) Henry Jason Perkins, son of 
Jason B. and Jerusha Blackmer (Holmes) 
Perkins, was born in Brockton, Massa- 
chusetts, November 29, 1859. His par- 
ents removed from Brockton to Spring- 
field when he was two years of age, and 
he received his education in the schools 
of the latter place. When he was fifteen 
years of age, he left school and entered 
the employ of E. C. & G. S. Gilbert, re- 
maining with them until the failure of 
their business some three or four years 
later. He then became associated with 
A. F. Niles & Son, engaging with them 
in the grocery business for two years, at 
the end of which period he severed his 
connection with them and became associ- 
ated with Niles & Carter. For three years 
Mass 11—12 I 

he remained in the employ of the last- 
named company, gaining valuable experi- 
ence and rendering efficient service to his 
employers. Meanwhile, he had been 
thriftily taking care of the rewards of his 
labor, and when he was twenty-one years 
of age he decided to engage in business 
for himself. He established a meat busi- 
ness, which he successfully conducted for 
eleven months and then sold, making a 
profit of fifteen hundred dollars. He then 
went to New York, where he remained for 
a year, and then spent four months in 
St. Louis, Missouri. Eventually, he re- 
turned to Springfield, and entered the em- 
ploy of E. O. Clark, who was engaged in 
the grocery business. Three years later 
he severed this connection and again en- 
gaged in the butter, cheese, and egg busi- 
ness, forming a partnership with Mr. 
Aiken, under the firm name of Aiken & 
Perkins, and located in the Kirkam block 
on State street. The business was pros- 
pering when disaster came in form of a 
fire, which occurred in the early morning. 
Mr. Perkins heard the alarm and went to 
the building. They had no safe, but he 
secured the books and took them to a 
store across the street. He then went to 
the Evans House, where he found the 
proprietor of this store, and they, to- 
gether, visited the store. Mr. Perkins 
there and then made a bargain for the sale 
of the stock of goods, and when business 
was resumed in the morning, it was with 
Mr. Perkins in the new store. He later 
bought out and dissolved partnership 
with Mr. Aiken and when the adjustment 
of the goods in the store that had been 
partially burned was adjusted, Mr. Per- 
kins had the goods that could be sold 
removed to his new store and continued 
to do business there. This he continued 
to conduct until he was in a position to 
again engage in the wholesale business. 
He then sold out his retail grocery, and 



resumed the handling of butter, cheese, 
eggs, and fruit, at wholesale. Forming a 
partnership with Mr. Hatch, under the 
firm name of Perkins & Hatch, he rapidly- 
built up a large and prosperous business 
which he continued to conduct for a 
period of ten years. At the end of that 
period the partnership was dissolved, Mr. 
Hatch selling his interests to Mr. Per- 
kins, who continued the business alone. 
In 1904 Mr. Perkins incorporated the 
business under the name of the Henry J. 
Perkins Company, Inc., he being presi- 
dent and treasurer of the concern. At 
this time he bought the entire square at 
Dwight and Lyman streets, and erected 
the commodious and splendidly equipped 
plant which is unquestionably one of the 
finest wholesale establishments in West- 
ern Massachusetts. The business is a 
large and prosperous one which operates 
in a district covering a radius of fifty 
miles around Springfield, and is rapidly 

In addition to his responsibilities as 
president and treasurer, as well as man- 
ager of this large concern, Mr. Perkins is 
the founder and the president of the 
Riverside Park Amusement Company, 
which is located about six miles from 
Springfield. This is the popular amuse- 
ment park of this section and has all the 
usual attractions of such resorts. It is 
patronized each year by hundreds of 
thousands of people who here find every 
form of amusement of the best quality, 
and who find in its beautiful situation on 
the banks of the Connecticut river, the 
restfulness and the recreation which 
comes from contact with the beauties of 
nature. The park covers over fifty 
acres and no expense has been spared to 
make it up-to-date in all its appointments. 
Mr. Perkins is also a member of the board 
of directors of the Third National Bank 
of Springfield. He is a public-spirited 

citizen, interested in every phase of the 
development of the city of Springfield, 
and supporting in various ways many 
philanthropic projects and institutions 
organized for the public welfare. He 
is well known in fraternal and club 
circles, being a member of Springfield 
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons ; 
Morning Star Chapter, Royal Arch 
Masons ; Springfield Council, Royal and 
Select Masters ; Springfield Commandery, 
Knights Templars ; and all the Scottish 
Rite bodies, having taken the thirty-sec- 
ond degree. He is also a member of 
Melha Temple, Ancient Arabic Order, 
Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. He is a 
member of the Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Elks ; of Hampden Lodge, Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows ; of the 
Nayasset Club ; the Country Club ; the 
Rotary Club, of which he was president ; 
and of the Winthrop Club. He is a mem- 
ber of the Chamber of Commerce, and of 
the Publicity Club, and is one of the 
directors of the Springfield Hospital. 
His religious affiliation is with the First 
Baptist church. 

In 1882, Henry Jason Perkins married 
Fidelia Reese Morton, of Rahway, New 
Jersey, and they are the parents of three 
children: i. Harold Morton, born April 
13, 1884, married Emily Remily, and has 
one child, Henry J. (2). 2. Elliott 
Holmes, born August 2, 1887, married 
February 25, 191 1, Marion Foss, daugh- 
ter of Arthur Foss, and has four children: 
Muriel, born January 15, 1912, Richard, 
born February 15, 1914, Dorothy, born 
October 11, 1916, and Shirley, born Janu- 
ary 13, 1918. 3. Alice, born August 15, 
1899, married Carl Huck. They have a 
son, Rodney Martin. 

(The Battles Line). 

(I) Thomas Battles, was in Dedham, 
Massachusetts, as early as 1642 ; was a 



freeman there in 1654; and was residing 
in Sudbury in 1664, and again a resident 
of Dedham in 1674, at which place his 
death occurred February 8, 1706. He 
married, September 5, 1648, Mary Fisher, 
daughter of John Fisher, and they were 
the parents of John, of whom further. 

(II) John Battles, eldest son of Thomas 
and Mary (Fisher) Battles, was born in 
Dedham, July i, 1652, and died Septem- 
ber 30, 1713. He married, November 18, 
1678, Hannah Holbrook, and they were 
the parents of John (2), of whom further. 

(III) John (2) Battles, son of John (i) 
and Hannah (Holbrook) Battles, was 
born October 20, 1687. He settled at 
Plymouth, with his wife, Bertha, and 
among their children was John (3), of 
whom further. 

(IV) John (3) Battles, son of John (2) 
and Bertha Battles, was born in 1721. He 
settled at Stoughton Corner, Bridgewater 
(now Brockton), and married Harriet 
Curtis, daughter of Edward and Abigail 
(Pratt) Curtis. Their third son was 
Samuel, of whom further. 

(V) Samuel Battles, son of John (3) 
and Harriet (Curtis) Battles, was born 
September i, 1759. He married, March 
29, 1786, Dorothy Dyer, born May 13, 
1765, fourth daughter of Christopher and 
Sarah (Bassett) Dyer, and granddaughter 
of William Dyer, of Bridgewater. Among 
their children was Dorothy. 

(VI) Dorothy Battles, daughter of 
Samuel and Dorothy (Dyer) Battles, was 
born in Bridgewater, June 23, 1796. She 
married Ansel Perkins (see Perkins VII). 

(The Holmes Line). 

(I) John Holmes was in Plymouth, 
Massachusetts, in 1632. He married and 
reared a family of children, among whom 
was Nathaniel. 

(II) Nathaniel Holmes, son of John 
Holmes, married Mercy Faunce, and 
among their children was Nathaniel (2). 

(III) Nathaniel (2) Holmes, son of 
Nathaniel (i) and Mercy (Faunce) 
Holmes, was born in 1676. He married 
Johannah Clark, and among their chil- 
dren was James. 

(IV) James Holmes, son of Nathaniel 
(2) and Johannah (Clark) Holmes, was 
born in 1700. He married Content Syl- 
vester, and they were the parents of Seth. 

(V) Seth Holmes, son of James and 
Content (Sylvester) Holmes, was born in 
1745. He married Mary Holmes, and 
among their children was Seth (2). 

(VI) Seth (2) Holmes, son of Seth 
(i) and Mary (Holmes) Holmes, was 
born in 1768. He married Jerusha Black- 
mer, and among their children was 
a son Jesse. 

(VII) Jesse Holmes, son of Seth (2) 
and Jerusha (Blackmer) Holmes, was 
born in 1802 and married Mary Burbank. 
Their daughter, Jerusha Blackmer Holmes, 
married Jason B. Perkins (see Perkins 

PERKINS, Henry Morrill 

A member of the Police Department of 
Springfield for thirty-eight consecutive 
years, Henry M. Perkins has for the last 
three years held the office of deputy chief 
in that department. He comes of an 
ancient English family which was repre- 
sented in the American colonies as early 
as 1630. The first record of the Perkins 
name is that of Peter Morley, Esq., alias 
Perkins, who lived in the time of Richard 
II, and was an officer in the household, 
or steward of the court of Sir Hugh Dis- 
penser, about 1300. The name is spelled 
variously, Peterkins, Parkins, Perkings, 
and Perkins. Several of the name lived 
in the neighborhood of Newent, County 
Gloucester, England, and the immigrant, 
John, from whom all the New England 
families of that name seem to be de- 
scended, is said to have come from that 
part of England. 



John Perkins was born in Newent, 
County Gloucester, England, about 1590, 
and came to Boston in the ship "Lion," 
in February, 1631, having sailed from 
Bristol, England, December i, 1630, in 
company with Rev. Roger Williams, and 
weathered a stormy voyage of sixty- 
seven days. He settled first in Boston, 
where he was admitted a freeman in 1631, 
and was one of the committee of four ap- 
pointed to settle the boundary between 
Roxbury and Dorchester, November 7, 
1632. In 1633 he removed to Ipswich, 
Connecticut, where he had several grants 
of land, and built his house near the river, 
at the entrance to Jeffes Neck, what is 
now East street. He was deputy to the 
General Court in 1636, and served on the 
grand jury in 1648-52. His wife, Judith, 
and five children, John, Thomas, Jacob, 
Elizabeth, and Mary, accompanied him 
from England. Two children, Lydia 
and Nathaniel, were born in Boston. 
From the four sons : John, Thomas, 
Jacob, and Nathaniel, are descended the 
various families of the name in New Eng- 
land, including the ancestors of Henry 
Morrill Perkins. The great-grandfather 
of Mr. Perkins was a miller by occupation 
and lived in West Springfield, Massachu- 
setts, where he owned large tracts of land. 
Among his children was Silas Perkins. 

Silas Perkins was born in Connecticut, 
in year 1787, and died in Easthampton, 
Massachusetts, October 16, 1870. He also 
was a miller and removed from Connec- 
ticut, to Northampton, Massachusetts, in 
1818, spending the greater part of his life 
in the latter place. He married Orpha 
Brooks, who died March 29, 1849, ^^^id 
they were the parents of ten children : 
Silas J., died in infancy; Margaret; Silas, 
Jr. ; Enoch Clark, of whom further ; Julia ; 
Edward ; Elizabeth ; Emily ; George ; and 

Enoch Clark Perkins, son of Silas and 

Orpha (Brooks) Perkins, was born in 
Northampton, Massachusetts, August 17, 
1823, and died March 9, 1904. Like his 
father and grandfather before him, he was 
a miller. As a young man he was em- 
ployed in a mill at Northampton, Massa- 
chusetts, but in 1850 went to South Had- 
ley, Massachusetts, where he entered the 
employ of Byron Smith. In 1856 he was 
at Holyoke, Massachusetts, where he re- 
mained for a year. He then ran a mill at 
Old Hadley, Massachusetts, for a time, 
but soon again changed his place of resi- 
dence, this time going to Easthampton, 
Massachusetts, where he remained for 
ten years. He was widely known as an 
honest, capable miller, and was especially 
noted for his skill in dressing mill stones 
and making rye flour. In 1895 ^e came 
to Springfield, where, during the larger 
part of the remainder of his life, he was 
retired, the last position which he held 
being that of fireman at the Union Station 
in Springfield. He married (first) Mary 
Morrill, of Newburyport, Massachusetts, 
daughter of Samuel Morrill. She died in 
1862, and he married (second) Julia Win- 
chell, of Northampton, Massachusetts, 
who died in 1919. The children of the 
first marriage were : Henry Morrill, of 
whom further ; Ella, deceased ; Clara, 
married Silas Doolittle ; Edward ; a daugh- 
ter, who died in infancy; and Jennis, de- 
ceased, married Henry Allen. Children 
of the second marriage were : Arthur J., 
Clayton, Ida, and two others. 

Henry Morrill Perkins, son of Enoch 
Clark and Mary (Morrill) Perkins, was 
born in South Hadley, Massachusetts, 
November 29, 185 1. He received his 
early education in the public schools of 
Old Hadley and of Easthampton, Massa- 
chusetts, which he attended regularly 
until he was eleven years of age. He then 
entered the employ of Dr. Halsted, of 
Northampton, Massachusetts, who con- 



ducted a hotel and water cure establish- 
ment, and here he remained for three 
years attending school during the winter 
terms. When fourteen years of age he 
accompanied Henry Strong, son-in-law of 
Dr. Halsted, to Keokuk, Iowa, where he 
remained for two years, attending the 
public schools of Keokuk and Eddyville, 
Iowa, while working in a store before 
and after school hours and during vaca- 
tions. After two years of living in Iowa, 
he returned East, and for a time was in 
the employ of a farmer in Southwick. He 
longed for adventure, however, and 
wished to travel and see other lands than 
the one of his birth. In May, 1871, when 
he was not quite twenty years of age, he 
found a way to gratify his great desire. 
He went to sea, shipping as a boy before 
the mast on the bark "Abbie Bacon." 
The "Abbie Bacon" touched at many 
ports, and the lad was able to visit many 
cities and catch many glimpses of life in 
foreign lands. He was in Lisbon, Portu- 
gal, Plymouth, England, in Wales, and 
in Malaga, Spain, and after a seven 
months' voyage, returned to New Eng- 
land, in December, 1871, well content 
with his voyage. He reentered the em- 
ploy of the farmer at Southwick with 
whom he had been associated before the 
beginning of his voyage, and for four years 
remained at work there, seemingly quite 
satisfied to peacefully cultivate the soil, 
an occupation which was, no doubt, en- 
livened by many bright pictures of for- 
eign scenes stored away in his memory, 
then went to Suffield, Connecticut, re- 
maining four years. At the end of this 
time, however, he decided that greater 
opportunity was to be found in the city 
and came to Springfield, where he entered 
the employ of the Springfield Street Rail- 
way Company, as a driver, those being 
the days of the horse drawn vehicle. Two 
years later he became a government em- 

ployee, in the capacity of substitute letter 
carrier in the post office department of 
Springfield, but a short period of service 
in this capacity satisfied him that this was 
not the kind of employment in which he 
wished to remain, and he returned to the 
employ of the Springfield Street Railway 
Company, of which Mr. King was at that 
time superintendent. Here he remained 
until May 14, 1883, when he entered 
municipal employ as a member of the 
police force of Springfield, serving in the 
capacity of patrolman, and being the last 
man in Springfield to apply for a position 
before the civil service regulations went 
into efifect. The fact that from that time 
to the present (1922), for thirty-eight 
consecutive years, Mr. Perkins has con- 
tinued to fill important places in the 
Police Department of one of New Eng- 
land's largest cities, is sufficient evidence 
of his ability and faithfulness. Beginning 
as patrolman, he has been promoted from 
one position to another, the first promotion 
making him sergeant, April i, 1887, the 
second making him a lieutenant, Septem- 
ber 14, 1901, and captain January 5, 1909; 
he was appointed deputy chief October 
8, 1917, which position he holds at pres- 
ent (1922). His long association with the 
department is a fitting testimonial to his 
efficiency, and he is now the ranking 
officer and the oldest in point of active 
service in the Police Department of any 
city, and in all his service of nearly forty 
years he has never had a reprimand of 
any character. 

Mr. Perkins is well known in fraternal 
circles, being a member of Roswell Lee 
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, and 
of DeSoto Lodge, Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows. He is an attendant of the 
First Congregational church. 

In November, 1874, Henry Morrill 
Perkins married (first) Hattie Carrier, of 
Wisconsin. She died in 1893, and he 



married (second), May 29, 1895, Bertha 
Alice Knowles, of Burlington, Vermont. 
To the first marriage was born one 
daughter, Mabel, who married Fred 
Parcher, and has three children : Doug- 
las, Myrtle, and Clifford. To the second 
marriage was born one daughter, Marion, 
who married Dorr W. Exford, and has 
one son, Dorr W., Jr., and one daughter, 

PERKINS, James Albion 

The treasurer of the Perkins '^Vppliance 
Company, James A. Perkins, one of 
Springfield's representative business men, 
comes of very old Colonial stock, the 
Old World origin of which dates back to 
the reign of Richard II, in England, when 
the first known record of the Perkins 
name occurs, the record being that of 
"Peter Morley, Esq., alias Perkins," who 
lived in the time of Richard II, and was 
an officer in the household, or steward 
of the court of Sir Hugh Dispenser, about 
1300. The name is spelled variously, 
Peterkins, Parkins, Perkings, and Per- 
kins, at different times and by different 
branches of the family. Several of the 
name lived in the neighborhood of 
Newent, county Gloucester, England, and 
the immigrant John, from whom all the 
New England families of that name seem 
to be descended, is said to have come 
from that part of England. 

John Perkins was born in Newent, 
County Gloucester, England, about 1590, 
and sailed from Bristol, England, Decem- 
ber I, 1630, in company with Rev. Roger 
Williams, in the ship "Lion," and bring- 
ing with him his wife, Judith, and five 
children : John, Thomas, Jacob, Eliza- 
beth, and Mary. After a stormy voyage 
of sixty-seven days, they landed in New 
England, in February, 1631, and settled 
first in Boston, where John Perkins was 
made a freeman in 1631, and was one of 

the committee of four appointed to settle 
the boundary between Roxbury and Dor- 
chester, November 7, 1632. In 1633 he 
removed to Ipswich, Connecticut, where 
was located one of his several grants of 
land, and built his house near the river, 
at the entrance to Jeffes Neck on what 
is now East street. He was deputy to the 
General Court in 1636, and served on the 
grand jury in 1648-52. Besides the five 
children who came with him from Eng- 
land, two more were born in this country, 
Lydia and Nathaniel, and from his four 
sons : John, Thomas, Jacob, and Nathan- 
iel, are descended the various families of 
the name in New England. Some mem- 
bers of the family early went to Connec- 
ticut, and later generations went to Ver- 
mont. Among those who went to Ver- 
mont were the ancestors of James Albion 

Elisha P. Perkins, great-grandfather of 
James Albion Perkins, lived in Stock- 
bridge, Vermont, and married Hannah 
Taft. Among their children was a son, 
Elisha P. (2), of whom further. 

Elisha P. (2) Perkins, son of Elisha 
P. (i) and Hannah (Taft) Perkins, was 
born in Stockbridge, Vermont, March 10, 
1809, and died April 10, 1879. He 
was a farmer by occupation, and like 
most of the capable, energetic men of 
his time, added a trade, that of mason 
and builder, to his regular occupa- 
tion, and thus was able to use to good 
advantage the time not needed for agri- 
cultural activities. In fact, he went a 
step further, and to his two occupations 
added skill in a third line, being an expert 
charcoal burner. He married Louisa 
Baird, who was born in Grafton, Ver- 
mont, August 2j, 1808, and died August 
10, 1878, and they were the parents of 
eight children: Jasper; Charles A., of 
whom further; Addie, Letty, Louisa, 
Elisha, Royal, and Seth. 



Charles A. Perkins, son of Elisha P. 
(2) and Louisa (Baird) Perkins, was born 
in Bridgewater, Vermont, October 25, 
1843, and died July 4, 1902, in Wethers- 
field, Connecticut. He received his edu- 
cation in the public schools of the Bridge- 
water district, assisting his father on the 
farm before and after school and during 
vacations, and when school days were 
over engaged in farming, an occupation 
in which he continued throughout his life. 
When the Civil W'ar broke out he en- 
listed in Company C, 12th Regiment, 
Vermont Volunteers, and served for nine 
months, after which period of service he 
returned to Bridgewater, Vermont, where 
he lived until 1896, known and respected 
as a good farmer and a progressive citi- 
zen. In that year, 1896, he removed to 
Wethersfield, Connecticut, where he con- 
tinued to reside until the time of his 

A man of sound principles and good 
judgment, and actively interested in pub- 
lic affairs, he was highly esteemed in his 
community and was active in promoting 
its welfare. At the town meetings he 
acted as moderator, and politically, he 
gave his support to the principles and the 
candidates of the Republican party. He 
was a member of the Grand Army of the 
Republic, and his religious affiliation was 
with the Second Adventists. He married 
Eliza M. Densmore, of Lansing, Michi- 
gan, daughter of James Densmore, and 
they were the parents of five children : 
I. Fred D., deceased. 2. Mattie, who 
married J. B. Standish. 3. Julian Lee, 
married in 1900, May V. Bailey, daughter 
of Albert Bailey; is in business with his 
brother, James A. He is a member of 
Orthodox Lodge, Free and Accepted 
Masons, and Morning Star Chapter, Royal 
Arch Masons, of Springfield. 4. James 
Albion, of whom further. 5. Ruby, de- 

James Albion Perkins, son of Charles 
A. and Eliza M. (Densmore) Perkins, 
was born in Bridgewater, Vermont, Au- 
gust 23, 1879. He received his early edu- 
cation in the schools of his native town, 
and then attended the high schools of 
Rutland, Vermont, and of Woodstock, 
Vermont. When school days were over, 
he, with his two brothers engaged in the 
lumbering business, operating saw mills 
at Blanford, Williamsburg, and Goshen, 
Massachusetts. In 1900, however, when 
his majority was attained, the young man, 
James Albion, decided to make a change. 
He went to Hartford, Connecticut, where, 
for a time, he engaged in photo engrav- 
ing. He then came to Springfield, Massa- 
chusetts, and entered the employ of the 
Springfield Photo Engraving Company. 
After a time he severed his connection 
with the Photo Engraving Company and 
became associated with the Phelps Pub- 
lishing Company. In the meantime, 
Julian Lee Perkins had organized the 
Perkins Manufacturing Company which 
was most successfully engaged in the 
manufacture of gears. By 191 1 that busi- 
ness had so grown and had so fully 
demonstrated its possibilities of future 
increasing success that it was incorpo- 
rated under the firm name of the Perkins 
Appliance Company, of which Julian Lee 
Perkins is president and James Albion 
Perkins is treasurer. The early prospects 
of success have been fully justified, and 
at the present time the Perkins Appliance 
Company employs more than one hundred 
men, and makes gears which go to all 
parts of the world where such appliances 
are used. A successful business man, a 
public-spirited citizen, and a loyal friend, 
Mr. Perkins holds a high place in the 
esteem of his many friends and associates, 
and is a valuable member of his com- 
munity. Fraternally he is affiliated with 
Esoteric Lodge, Free and Accepted 



Masons, of Springfield ; Morning Star 
Chapter, Royal Arch Masons ; and with 
the Benevolent and Protective Order of 

On April 9, 1918, Mr. Perkins married 
Flossie I. McCloud, who was born in 
Detroit, Michigan, daughter qlf Charles 
and Jennie (Capon) McCloud./ 

— ^V 

LEONARD, Edwin Fenno 

The Leonard family, now represented 
in Springfield, Massachusetts, by Edwin 
Fenno Leonard, is of English ancestry 
and the name is one of those taken from 
the Christian name signifying "the lion- 
hearted." The ancient coat-of-arms of 
the family is as follows: 

Arms — Or, on a fesse azure three fleurs-de-lis 

Crest — Out of a ducal coronet or a tiger's head 

Motto — Memor et fidelis. 

The Leonard brothers, James and 
Henry, who first settled in New Eng- 
land, were from Pontypool, County Mon- 
mouth, England. They were interested 
in the first iron works in Lynn, Braintree, 
Rowley, and Taunton, Massachusetts. 

(I) James Leonard, from whom the 
line herein followed is descended, had 
wife Margaret, and they were the parents 
of several children, among whom was a 
son, James. 

(II) James (2) Leonard, son of James 
(i) and Margaret Leonard, was twice 
married, his second wife being Lydia Gul- 
liver, daughter of Anthony Gulliver. 
They were the parents of several children 
among whom was James, of whom 

(III) James (3) Leonard, son of James 
(2) and Lydia (Gulliver) Leonard, mar- 
ried (first) Mrs. Hannah Walley Stone; 
married (second) Lydia Gulliver, daugh- 
ter of Jonathan Gulliver; married (third) 
Mercy, surname unknown. Among the 

children of the first wife was Eliphalet, of 
whom further. 

(IV) Eliphalet Leonard, son of James 
(3) and Hannah Walley (Stone) Leon- 
ard, married Ruth Fenno. They were the 
parents of several children, among whom 
was Eliphalet, of whom further. 

(V) Eliphalet (2) Leonard, son of 
Eliphalet (i) and Ruth (Fenno) Leon- 
ard, married Silence Howard, and they 
became the parents of six children, two 
daughters and four sons, among whom 
was Asaph, of whom further. 

(VI) Asaph Leonard, son of Eliphalet 
(2) and Silence (Howard) Leonard, was 
born in Easton, Massachusetts, in 1766, 
and died in 1872, at the age of ninety-six. 
He was a resident of Easton, Massachu- 
setts, a man of enterprise and public 
spirit, honored by all who knew him. He 
married Melinda Pearson. He was a 
blacksmith, and about 1824 removed to 
Clinton, Maine, where, in addition to the 
regular work of the smith, he made steel 
knives and did other iron work. Before 
1827 he again moved, this time to Guil- 
ford, Maine, where, in 1827, his son, 
Daniel Pearson, was born. Seven years 
later he moved to Dexter, Maine, where 
the family lived for many years, and 
where Asaph Leonard died. The chil- 
dren of Asaph and Melinda (Pearson) 
Leonard were : Mary J., James Kingsley, 
William, George Washington, Charles, 
and David Pearson, of whom further. 

(VII) David P. Leonard, son of Asaph 
and Melinda (Pearson) Leonard, was 
born in Guilford, Maine, in 1827, and died 
in 1904. Throughout his entire active 
career he followed the occupation of 
farming, in this manner providing a com- 
fortable home for his family and a com- 
petence for his declining years. He was 
noted for thrift, energy, and good judg- 
ment, and won and retained the esteem of 
his fellow-citizens. He married Susan 



Foster Mudgett, of Belmont, New 
Hampshire, daughter of Edwin Mudgett. 
Mr. and Mrs. Leonard were the parents 
of two children: Grace M., who became 
the wife of Edwin M. Avery; and Edwin 
Fenno, of whom further. 

(VIII) Edwin Fenno Leonard, son of 
David Pearson and Susan Foster (Mud- 
gett) Leonard, was born in Belmont, 
New Hampshire, April 15, 1862. He ob- 
tained his elementary education in the 
schools of Dexter, Maine, and this was 
supplemented by attendance at the Spring- 
field, Massachusetts High School, from 
which he was graduated in the class of 
1880, his parents having removed to that 
city during his boyhood. He was an am- 
bitious and enterprising lad, as was shown 
by the fact that during a portion of his 
school course he also worked in a drug 
store, in the early morning and evening 
hours, when the majority of boys were 
seeking pleasure and recreation. After 
his graduation he devoted his attention 
to the same line of business and so con- 
tinued until the year 1890, when he en- 
gaged in the drug business on his own 
account, being thoroughly equipped by 
his years of service with various drvig- 
gists. He successfully managed the busi- 
ness alone until 1907, a period of seven- 
teen years, then admitted a partner, since 
which time the firm name has been E. F. 
Leonard & Company, they being proprie- 
tors of three stores in Springfield, all of 
which are noted for the excellence of their 
stock, which is up-to-date in every re- 
spect, and for the careful manner in 
which prescriptions are compounded. 
Mr. Leonard took special courses in 
chemistry in private institutions, in this 
manner qualifying himself thoroughly for 
his chosen career. He keeps in touch 
with the members of his calling by affilia- 
tion with the Massachusetts State Phar- 
maceutical Association, composed of some 

fifteen hundred members of the organized 
druggists of the State, which organiza- 
tion Mr. Leonard has served as president. 

In addition to his business Mr. Leon- 
ard takes an active interest in politics, 
and has been honored by his fellow-citi- 
zens as their choice to represent them in 
high offices. He served two terms, 1906- 
1907, in the Massachusetts Legislature, 
being a member of the committee on com- 
mercial affairs and public health. He has 
served on various city committees, on the 
Board of Aldermen for three years, and on 
December 7, 1920, was elected mayor of 
Springfield, Massachusetts, by the largest 
majority ever given to a candidate for 
that office, this being a deserved tribute 
to his great popularity. He is widely 
known for his many benefactions and his 
good work among the deserving poor of 
the city. All the duties of these various 
offices he has discharged with unquestion- 
ing fidelity in the interests of his constitu- 
ents, serving them to the best of his abil- 
ity, that ability of no mean order. He is 
a member of Springfield Lodge, Free and 
Accepted Masons, has attained the thirty- 
second degree in that order, and is a mem- 
ber of Melha Temple, Ancient Arabic 
Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. He 
is also a member of De Soto Lodge, Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows; of the 
Commercial Travellers' Association ; of 
the Winthrop Club ; of the Nayasset 
Club ; and the Kiwanis Club. 

Mr. Leonard married, October 30, 1888, 
Harriett Shattuck, of Springfield, Massa- 
chusetts, daughter of Edwin W. Shat- 
tuck, and they are the parents of two chil- 
dren : I. Dr. Clifford Shattuck Leonard, 
graduate of Springfield High School and 
of Yale College. He holds the degree 
Doctor of Philosophy, having studied a 
year in the University of Wisconsin, at 
Madison, taking up scientific research 
work, followed by a year of the same line 



of work in the University of Stockholm, 
Sweden. He was appointed second lieu- 
tenant in the Sanitary Corps during the 
World War, and was engaged at the Du 
Pont plant in connection with high ex- 
plosives. 2. Pauline Harriett, a graduate 
of Wellesley College. 

SANBURN, Willis Henry 

The treasurer and director of the 
Strathmore Paper Company, of Mittin- 
eague (West Springfield), and director of 
the Springfield Trust Company, Willis H. 
Sanburn, comes of a very old English 
family which originally derived its name 
from the Anglo-Saxon words "sand" and 
"burn," the latter signifying a "stream." 
Evidently the combination of the two 
words was used as a place name before it 
was adopted as a surname, and upon care- 
ful investigation it seems probable that 
the English families which first adopted 
the cognomen Sanbourne, which was the 
original form of the names Sanburn and 
Sanborn, resided in Sambourne, Wilt- 
shire. The earliest mention of the name 
in England occurs as early as 1194, when 
Norman influence is revealed in the form 
de Sambourne, and since the fourteenth 
century the forms Sanbourne and de 
Sambourne have been used by the only 
two surviving branches of the family 
in England. The American ancestors 
spelled the name Samborn and Sam- 
borne, but the name has gradually been 
changed to Sanborn and Sanburn, the 
former being more generally used in this 
country. In Illinois it is most frequently 
spelled Sanborn, while in Michigan, the 
form Sandburn is more generally used. 
Members of the Sanborn or Sambourne 
family early bore a coat-of-arms, which is 
described as follows : 

Arms — Argent, a chevron sable, between three 
mullets gules, pierced or. 
Crest — A mullet as in arms. 

The Sambourne ancestry has been care- 
fully traced by C. V. Sanborn, compiler 
of the genealogy of the family, to one 
Nicholas Sambourne, who was born in 
Wiltshire in 1320, and is thought to have 
held the fourth part of a knight's fee. He 
was prominent in the affairs of his com- 
munity, and represented Bath Coty at the 
Parliament held at Westminster, Novem- 
ber 3, 1391. His son, Nicholas (2) Sam- 
bourne, was born about 1350; held the 
fourth part of a knight's fee, and was a 
member of Parliament in 1393-94. He 
married Katherine, youngest daughter 
and co-heir of Sir John Lusbill, or de 
Lusteshull, who was a connection of the 
House of Lancaster. Walter Sambourne, 
a grandson of Nicholas (2), born in 1420, 
held Fernham and Lusbill manors, but 
probably lived at Southcot House, near 
Reading, Berkshire. He married Mar- 
garet Drew, daughter of Thomas Drew, 
of Seagry, Wiltshire, who died in 1494, 
leaving a will which is still in existence. 
Nicholas Sambourne, son of Walter 
and Margaret (Drew) Sambourne, born 
about 1450, made his home in Maple- 
durnam, Oxfordshire, and married Eliza- 
beth Brooks, daughter of John Brooks, of 
Beaurepaire, Hampshire, descendant of 
an ancient and honorable family, from 
which she inherited considerable property, 
including Timsbury, which the Sam- 
bournes occupied. Timsbury House, now 
the most ancient Sambourne residence in 
England is celebrated as a fine example 
of Tudor architecture, the structure hav- 
ing remained practically unchanged, ex- 
cept for minor alterations and repairs and 
the loss of one wing by fire, since 1542. 
The probable line of descent from this 
last-mentioned Nicholas to the American 
immigrant ancestor of Willis Henry San- 
burn, is given by the family historian as 
being: Nicholas Sambourne, born 1500; 
Edward, born about 1550; and William, 



who married Ann Bachiler, and was re- 
siding in Brimpton, Berkshire, in 1616. 
Their sons : Lieutenant John, William, 
and Stephen, were the three American 
ancestors of all of the Sambournes, and 
derived names in this country, the line 
of Willis Henry being traced through 
Lieutenant John. 

(I) Lieutenant John Sambourne, the im- 
migrant ancestor of the branch of the fam- 
ily herein traced, was born in England in 
1620, son of William and Ann (Bachiler) 
Sambourne. William Sambourne died 
about 1630, and his three sons : John, Wil- 
liam, and Stephen, are said to have come 
to America with their grandfather in 1632, 
though the names of the sons do not ap- 
pear upon the records until 1639. Lieu- 
tenant John, who was born in 1620, set- 
tled in Hampton, New Hampshire, as 
early as 1640, in which year he was 
granted a house lot there and a tract of 
land. His name is signed to a Hampton 
petition drawn up in 1643, ^^^ from that 
time on the records make frequent men- 
tion of his name. He was chosen select- 
man February 2, 1657, but exempted ; 
March 30, 1657, he was appointed to 
serve on a committee to attend to the 
building of a house for the minister, Rev. 
Mr. Cotton. He was chosen on numer- 
ous committees to examine old grants 
and establish boundary lines, and in 165 1 
and again in 1658 was chosen to join the 
town clerk in examining all the grants 
and appointments of lands, highways, 
and the like, and to perfect the same in a 
town book. In 1661 he was again chosen 
selectman, and also made a member of 
the committee to hire the school teachers. 
In 1664 he was chosen ensign of the 
Hampton Military Company. He served 
as selectman in 1665-68-71-74-75-78-79; 
commissioner to end small causes in 
1666-67-69, for the town of Hampton ; 
foreman of the grand jury in 1676. He 

was admitted a freeman May, 1666, 
commissioned lieutenant of the Hampton 
forces October 15, 1669. Refusing to 
yield to the demands of Mason, the 
proprietor of New Hampshire, he was 
imprisoned October 21, 1684, and the fol- 
lowing year was elected to the General 
Assembly. He married (first) Mary 
Tuck, daughter of Robert Tuck, of Goris- 
ton, Suffolk, England, and of Hampton, 
New Hampshire. She died December 30, 
1668; and he married (second) Margaret 
(Page) Moulton, widow of William 
Moulton, and daughter of Robert Page. 
Their children were : John, Mary, Abi- 
gail, Richard, Mary, Joseph, Stephen, 
Ann, Dinah, Nathaniel, of whom further; 
Benjamin, and Captain Johnathan. 

(II) Nathaniel Sambourne, son of 
Lieutenant John and Mary (Tuck) Sam- 
bourne, was born at Hampton, New 
Hampshire, January 2y, 1666, and died 
November 9, 1723. He lived first at 
Hampton Falls, but in 1694 became one 
of the proprietors of Kingston, New 
Hampshire, to which place he removed 
and became one of its prominent citizens. 
In 1695-96 he was town clerk of Kings- 
ton. In 1707 he is recorded as having 
served for ten days in Captain James 
Davis' Company, and he was one of the 
grantors of Chester. He married (first), 
December 3, 1691, Rebecca Prescott, 
daughter of James Prescott, of Hampton. 
She died August 17, 1704, and he mar- 
ried (second) Sarah Mason, who was 
born in 1663, and died September i, 1748. 
The children of the first marriage were: 
Richard, James, Rachel, Jeremiah, and 
Abigail ; of the second marriage : Nathan, 
Jacob, EJiphaz, Nathaniel, Jedediah, ot 
whom further; and Daniel. 

(HI) Jedediah Samborn (as he spelled 
the name), son of Nathaniel and Sarah 
(Mason) Sambourne, was born at Hamp- 
ton Falls, New Hampshire, June 10, 1717. 



He resided first in Newbury, but removed 
to Wethersfield, Connecticut, where his 
name appears upon the town records. He 
married (first), at Hampton Falls, New 
Hampshire, June 28, 1737, Mary Rogers; 
he married (second) , in Wethers- 
field. The children of the first marriage 
were : Mary, Patty, Lois ; of the second 
marriage, born in Weathersfield, Massa- 
chusetts: Sarah; and Nathaniel, of 
whom further. 

(IV) Nathaniel Sanborn (as he spelled 
the name), son of Jedediah Samborn, was 
born in Wethersfield, Connecticut, Febru- 
ary 6, 1757, and lived in the place of his 
birth until 1790, when he removed to 
Canandaigua, New York. The journey 
from Connecticut to Western New York 
was, in those days a journey through a 
wilderness to a wilderness, and after 
leaving Schenectady, Nathaniel Sanborn, 
with his wife and young children, saw no 
human being, except a boatman and some 
Indians, until they reached Utica, where 
they slept in the one log house which had 
been erected there. Western New York 
was then frontier territory, and the little 
family from Wethersfield, Connecticut, 
were pioneer settlers in that region. 
Nathaniel Sanborn married in 1783, Han- 
nah Goold, daughter of James Goold, of 
Lynn, Connecticut, and to the marriage 
were born eight children : Elizabeth ; 
Japhia ; Hannah ; John Goold, of whom 
further ; Lavinia ; Nathaniel, who was on 
the Lexington alarm list and is on record 
in "Connecticut Men in the Revolution ;" 
Charles, and William. 

(V) John Goold Sanburn (the present 
spelling of the name), son of Nathaniel 
and Hannah (Goold) Sanborn, was born 
in Canandaigua, New York, March 13, 
1790, and died in Knoxville, Illinois, April 
14, 1865. As his father's family had 
moved from the more thickly settled New 
England region to the wilds of Western 

New York, so John Goold, a generation 
later, removed from the comparatively 
settled region of Western New York, and 
followed the receding frontier to the 
"Middle West" of to-day, which was then 
the "Far West." In 1818 he went to 
Illinois, but returned to New York the 
following year. Six years later, in 1825, 
he again went to Illinois, settling in Van- 
dalia, where he became associated with 
his brother in the land agency business. 
In 1830 he removed to Knoxville county, 
Illinois, then unorganized and without a 
town, and here he became one of the lead- 
ers and promoters. He was secretary of 
the meeting called to take the necessary 
measures for the organization of the 
county, and was at that time recom- 
mended as a proper person to act as clerk 
of the Circuit Court, to which office he 
was later appointed. He was city clerk 
of Knoxville, Illinois ; was assistant as- 
sessor of internal revenue ; and was a 
member of the board of trustees of Knox 
College. He was also active in religious 
affairs, and served for many years as 
senior warden of St. John's Episcopal 
Church of Knoxville. He married, No- 
vember 3, 1831, at Knoxville, Illinois, 
Althea Owen, who was born in Novem- 
ber, 1805, and died January 30, 1883, 
daughter of Noah and Elizabeth (Gil- 
more) Owen, and a descendant of John 
Owen, who came to this country from 
Wales. Noah Owen served in the war of 
the Revolution. The children of John 
Goold and Althea (Owen) Sanburn were : 
Elizabeth ; John Henry, of whom further ; 
Charles W., Frances G., Althea Owen, 
Walter S. ; and Mary, married Dr. Edgar 
Philipps, and had the following children : 
Elizabeth, John S., Edgar and Julia. 

(VI) John Henry Sanburn, son of 
John Goold and Althea (Owen) Sanburn, 
was born in Knoxville, Illinois, January 
8, 1838, and died in Abingdon, Illinois, in 



1883. He received his education in the 
local schools and then engaged in farming 
in which occtipation he was engaged in 
Knox county, Illinois, throughout the 
active years of his life, with the exception 
of the period of the Civil War. He was 
among the first to respond when, after 
the firing upon Fort Sumter, in 1861, the 
call for volunteers was issued by the Fed- 
eral Government. He enlisted as a pri- 
vate in Company A, First Illinois Cavalry, 
and served throughout the period of the 
war, being discharged in 1865. at which 
time he held the rank of captain of the 
77th Illinois Infantry. He participated in 
many of the hardest campaigns of the 
war, and the hardships he then endured 
were the cause of physical weaknesses 
which shortened his life. He was a mem- 
ber of the Grand Army of the Republic, 
and an active, devoted member of the 
Presbyterian church. At the close of the 
war in 1866, he married Henrietta Har- 
vey, of Knoxville, Illinois, daughter of 
Curtis and Hannah (Seaves) Harvey, and 
they were the parents of four children : 
Willis Henry, of whom further ; John 
Goold, who lives in Iowa; Carrie Adelle, 
who married Thomas Noble, and lives in 
South Dakota ; and Elizabeth Philips, 
married Edward Griswold. 

(VII) Willis Henry Sanburn, son of 
John Henry and Henrietta (Harvey) San- 
burn, was born in Abingdon, Knox 
county, Illinois, February 4, 1869, and re- 
ceived his education in the schools of that 
district. He was an active, mentally alert 
lad, and when he was sixteen years of 
age he decided to learn telegraphy, and for 
this purpose he entered the employ of 
the Chicago. Burlington and Quincy Rail- 
road Company, and soon became an ex- 
pert in his work, discharging his duties of 
the different offices to which he was ap- 
pointed, with ability and efficiency. This 
he continued for a period of some nine 

years, being employed on lines in North- 
ern Illinois. In 1894 he came to Spring- 
field, and entered the employ of what is 
now the Strathmore Paper Company as 
bookkeeper. He retained his position as 
bookkeeper for two or three years, dur- 
ing which time he was becoming familiar 
with general management and conduct of 
the business. At the end of that time he 
was made a superintendent, and in this 
position his executive ability enabled him 
to render valuable service. His next up- 
ward step came when he was made assist- 
ant treasurer, and this office he retained 
until 1918, when he was elected treasurer 
and director of the Strathmore Paper 
Company, which office he still holds 

He is a member of the West Spring- 
field Trust Company, of which he has 
been on the board of directors since its 
organization. He is also a member of 
Teco Lodge, Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, of West Springfield ; and of the 
Nayasset and Country clubs, of Spring- 

On March 7, 1888, Willis Henry San- 
burn married Maud A. Rising, of Mount 
Carrall, Illinois, daughter of Justus J. and 
Clementine (Pratt) Rising, and they are 
the parents of one son, Justus Curtis. 

(VIII) Justus Curtis Sanburn, son of 
Willis Henry and Maud A. (Rising) San- 
burn, was born at Thomson, Illinois, June 
4, 1890. He received his preliminary edu- 
cation in the schools of West Springfield, 
Massachusetts, to which place his parents 
removed when he was four years of age, 
and then entered the Massachusetts In- 
stitute of Technology, from which he 
was graduated with the class of 1912. He 
had specialized in chemistry, and after 
his graduation he became associated with 
the Strathmore Paper Company as chem- 
ist, which position he still (1922) retains. 
He is a member of Springfield Lodge, 



Free and Accepted Masons, of Spring- 
field, and a member of the Country Club, 
also of Springfield. His religious affilia- 
tion is with Faith Congregational Church. 
On June 12, 1915, he married Marion 
T. Hale, of Springfield, daughter of David 
and Myrtie (Sanderson) Hale, and they 
are the parents of two children, both born 
in Springfield, one son, Willis Henry 
(2), was born December 5, 1919; and 
one daughter, Eleanor Hale, born Octo- 
ber 21, 1921. \ 

WHITNEY, Willard Roscoe ^ 

The name Whitney has been associated 
with New England history from its 
earliest days, and has been borne by a 
long succession of worthy citizens who 
have made valuable contributions to the 
economic, religious, and social life of the 
nation. The immigrant ancestor of the 
branch of the family to which Willard 
Roscoe Whitney belongs was John Whit- 
ney who was born in Westminster, Eng- 
land, in 1592, and came to New England 
in 1635, the line of descent being as 
follows : 

(I) John Whitney, fifth child of 
Thomas Whitney, born in Westminster, 
England, baptized July 20, 1592, came to 
New England in 1635, sailing from Lon- 
don in March of that year, accompanied 
by his wife, Eleanor, and four sons : 
John, of further mention ; Richard, 
Thomas, and Jonathan, 

(II) John Whitney, son of John and 
Eleanor Whitney, married Letty Ford, 
and had children, among whom was Ben- 

(III) Benjamin Whitney, son of John 
and Letty (Ford) Whitney, was born 
May 22, 1725, in York, Maine, and settled 
on Little river, Lisbon, Maine, belonging 
to the same colony. He was part owner 
of the first grist mill there, was a miller, 
and was sent to Brunswick, Maine, to 

protect the garrison there at the time of 
the massacre when the Indians attacked 
that place. He served as a soldier in the 
Revolutionary War, and died November 

8, 1797. He married Mercy Hinckley, of 
Brunswick, Maine, and they became the 
parents of eleven children : Abraham, 
Isaac, Jacob, Nathan, Benjamin Joseph; 
Samuel Lombard, of further mention ; 
Sarah, Rebecca, Rachel, Joseph, and 

(IV) Samuel Lombard Whitney, son 
of Benjamin and Mercy (Hinckley) 
Whitney, was born in Lisbon, Maine, in 
1774, and died in Lisbon, Maine, October 

9, 1846, aged seventy-two years and eight 
months. He was a farmer by occupation, 
and married, in 1801, Lydia S. Curtis, who 
died in Lisbon, Maine, December 6, 1848, 
aged seventy-two years and eleven 
months. Their children were: Eliza, 
born September 15, 1802; Jacob, born 
October 14, 1804; John, of further men- 
tion; Isabella, born July 4, 1812; Mercy; 
Lydia, born July 17, 1817; and Samuel, 
born November 29, 1820. 

(V) John Whitney, son of Samuel L. 
and Lydia S. (Curtis) Whitney, was born 
in Lisbon, Maine, June i, 1808, died Octo- 
ber 2, 1887, at Methuen, Massachusetts. 
He received his education in the common 
schools and then became a ship joiner, 
working at Yarmouth and at Falmouth, 
Maine. In addition to his trade as ship 
joiner, he did farming, and while living 
in Lisbon conducted a hotel there. He 
also lived at North Yarmouth, Maine, and 
held various town offices, serving for a 
time on the board of selectmen. Politi- 
cally he supported the Democratic party, 
and his church membership was with the 
Congregational church. He married 
Almira Turner, of Lisbon, born in Leeds, 
Maine, February i, 1818, died November 
22, 1902, daughter of Josiah and Almira 
(Smith) Turner. 


■>^'r\^ '^ 


The Turner family were early settlers 
in Bridgewater, Massachusetts, but later 
went to Leeds, Maine. Josiah Turner 
was born January i, 1789, died April 25, 
1858. His wife, Almira Smith, was born 
September 2, 1792, and died November 4, 
1850. Their children were : Melvina J., 
born March 6, 1815, died September 18, 
1880; Alexander, born May 4, 1816, died 
October 17, 1866; Almira, born February 
I, 1818, married John Whitney, as stated 
above; Josiah (2), born September 9, 
1819, died October 2, 1823; Sylvandus, 
born May 28, 1821, died September 25, 
1823; Josiah (3), born September 16, 
1825, died August i, 1888; Sylvina, born 
August 12, 1827, died May 3, 1904; Asa 
S., born July 14, 1830, died January 9, 
1900 ; and Delphina, born May 4, 1836, 
died February 26, 1881. 

John and Almira (Turner) Whitney 
were the parents of four children : John 
Carlton ; Edward Hayes ; Charles Loring ; 
and Willard Roscoe, of whom further. 

(VI) W^illard Roscoe Whitney, son of 
John and Almira (Turner) Whitney, was 
born in North Yarmouth, Maine, July 12, 
1855. He received his early education in 
North Yarmouth, and then attended the 
high school in Lisbon for a year. In 1874, 
when nineteen years of age, he went to 
Boston and, with his brothers, ran an 
express business between Boston and 
Maiden, Massachusetts, for five years. At 
the end of that time he went to Maiden 
where he conducted a periodical business 
of his own for about seven years. He 
then received an appointment as railway 
postal clerk, under President Cleveland, 
his route being between Boston and New 
York via Springfield. This position he 
held for twenty-two years when he re- 
signed and retired. In 1910, however, he 
ended his period of retirement by engag- 
ing in the real estate and land develop- 
ment business, with offices in Springfield, 

Boston, and Worcester. He formed sev- 
eral trusts, the first of which was the 
American House Development Trust; fol- 
lowed by the Homestead Realty Trust; 
Boston and Springfield Syndicate ; Subur- 
ban Realty Trust; Connecticut Valley 
Land Company; Warren and Whitney 
Realty Company ; Warren and Whitney 
Estates ; and the Whitney Realty Com- 
pany. The operations of these organiza- 
tions cover a wide area, and they have 
been important factors in the growth and 
development of the sections in which they 
operated. Mr. Whitney has opened up 
and developed much valuable property 
in Springfield, Westfield, Longmeadow, 
East Longmeadow, Chicopee, Worcester, 
Boylston, and Shrewsbury, all in Massa- 
chusetts ; also in Newport and Claremont, 
in New Hampshire. He owns a tract of 
four hundred acres of woodland in 
Goshen, New Hampshire, and a large 
estate in Claremont, New Hampshire, 
where he resides. 

Though engaged in large business oper- 
ations, Mr. Whitney has found time for 
public aflfairs and served on the commit- 
tee to the constitutional convention re- 
cently held at Concord, New Hampshire, 
for the purpose of revising the statutes. 
Fraternally he has long been active. 
Forty-three years ago, in 1879, he became 
a member of Middlesex Lodge of Maiden, 
Massachusetts, Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows. Mr. Whitney is a member 
of Hampden Lodge, Free and Accepted 
Masons, of Springfield, Massachusetts ; 
and of Springfield Commandery, Knights 
Templar ; also a member of Boston Con- 
sistory, thirty-second degree. Ancient Ac- 
cepted Scottish Rite ; and of Melha Tem- 
ple, Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of the 
Mystic Shrine. He is also a member of 
the Masonic Club, and of the Newport, 
New Hampshire, Golf Club ; of the 



Grange at Goshen, of which he has been 
master, and an attendant of the Congre- 
gational church. 

On August 31, 1880, he married (first) 
Mary E. Russell, born in West Newburg, 
Massachusetts, March 21, i860, died April 
15, 1906, daughter of Walter H. and Lucy 
J. (Johnson) Russell. Mrs. Whitney was 
a direct descendant of Hannah Dustin, 
the line of descent being through her 
daughter, Lydia Dustin, the first born 
after Hannah Dustin's captivity among 

the Indians. She married Morrill, 

and among her children was Ruth Mor- 
rill, who married Saunders, and 

they had a daughter, Sarah Saunders. 

who married Johnson, and they 

had children, among whom was Lucy 
Johnson, who married Walter H. Rus- 
sell, and they were the parents of Mary 
E. Russell, who married Willard Roscoe 

Children of Willard R. and Mary E. 
(Russell) Whitney: i. Russell, born in 
Salem, New Hampshire, November 15, 
1896. He received his early education in 
the schools of Methuen, Massachusetts, 
of Claremont, New Hampshire, and in 
the Springfield High School, where he 
was an honor pupil. He then entered 
Dartmouth College, from which he gradu- 
ated in 1919. He served in the World 
War as an instructor in the radio service, 
at Hanover, He is a member of the Phi 
Beta Kappa, an honorary fraternity, also 
the Theta Chi, and of Mount Vernon 
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, of 
Newport, New Hampshire. He is a mem- 
ber of Lennapee Mountain Grange of 
Goshen ; has taken an active part in town 
affairs and held a number of public offices. 
2. Ralph Kimball, born in Methuen, Mas- 
sachusetts, June 16, 1898, attended the 
local schools, and then Springfield High 
School for three years. He graduated 
from the Central High School, after which 

he entered Dartmouth College, graduat- 
ing in 1920. During the World War he was 
in the Student Army Training Corps, at 
Dartmouth. He is also at present (1922) 
a student at the North Eastern College. 
He is a member of Mount Vernon Lodge, 
Free and Accepted Masons, at Newport, 
New Hampshire. Both sons are asso- 
ciated with their father in the real estate 

Mr. Whitney married (second). May 
20, 1909, Stella M. Baker, born in Goshen, 
New Hampshire, August 9, 1866, daughter 
of Harvey D. and Susan B. (Willey) 

Mr. and Mrs. Whitney are both mem- 
bers of the order of the Eastern Star. 
Mrs. Whitney is a member of Daughters 
of the American Revolution at Claremont, 
New Hampshire, also the Daughters of 
Rebekah of Claremont, and the Woman's 
Club of that town, as well as the Grange. 

STEWART, John Edward 

One of the well known and securely 
established business men of Springfield is 
John Edward Stewart, president and 
treasurer of the John E. Stewart Com- 
pany, who has been a manufacturing sta- 
tioner for over fifty years, and has won 
an enviable reputation for high grade 
printing and art work. 

Mr. Stewart comes of a very ancient 
family, the Stewart name being one of 
the oldest and most distinguished in Scot- 
tish and English history, and having been 
borne by many who have made valuable 
contributions to the economic, moral, 
social, and political progress of England 
and Scotland, and also of the United 
States, to which country representatives 
of the family came at a very early date. 
The lineage of the Stewarts is traced to 
the time of Cromwell, to a branch of the 
family then living in the North of Ire- 
land, Adam Stewart, born in London- 



derry, Ireland, in 1756, of Scotch parents, 
coming to Pennsylvania in 1776, and his 
grandson, Theodore, removing to Chau- 
tauqua county, New York, a century later. 

Among his descendants was John 
Stewart, grandfather of John Edward 
Stewart, who was among the prominent 
farmers of Orange county. New York, 
where he reared a family of seven chil- 
dren : Lewis, John Milton, Asa B., 
James W., Edward, of further mention ; 
Emeline, and Sarah. 

Edward Stewart, son of John Stewart, 
was born in Ridgebury, Orange county, 
New York, August 10, 1810, and died at 
Arlington, New Jersey, in 1895. He re- 
ceived his education in the public schools 
of his native district, assisting on the 
farm before and after school and during 
vacations. When school days were over 
he learned the carpenter's trade, which 
throughout his life he followed and com- 
bined with his chief occupation, which 
was that of farming. After farming in 
Orange county. New York, for a time, he 
joined the westward moving throngs and 
went to Iowa, where for a brief period he 
continued to engage in agricultural pur- 
suits. Later he returned to the East, this 
time settling in New Jersey, where he 
continued to reside until the time of his 
death. Mr. Stewart was a man of ability 
and enterprise, and greatly respected for 
his integrity and devotion to the highest 
ideals of Christian conduct. He was an 
elder in the Presbyterian church of J. 
Clement French, in Brooklyn, New York, 
and throughout his life retained an active 
interest in all its affairs. Mr. Stewart 
married Maria Hoyt, of Stamford, Con- 
necticut, who died in 1896, aged eighty- 
three years, and they were the parents of 
two children : John Edward, of whom 
further; and William L., deceased. 

John Edward Stewart, son of Edward 
and Maria (Hoyt) Stewart, was born in 
Middletown, New York, August 19, 1840. 

He received his early education in the 
public schools of his native town, and in 
the schools of Muscatine, Iowa, and then 
entered Delaware Literary Institute, at 
Franklin, New York, where he completed 
his studies. While still attending school, 
he engaged in farming, assisting his father 
during the hours he was not in school, 
and after completing his studies he was 
for a time employed as clerk in a store. 
When the Civil War broke out, he en- 
listed in September, 1861, in the Forty- 
fourth New York Regiment, and partici- 
pated in many of the most hardly fought 
and sanguinary battles of the war. He 
took part in many battles of the Army of 
the Potomac, among others, participated 
in the siege of Charlestown, and was also 
in the battle of Gettysburg, in which his 
regiment played a very important part, 
being the first to occupy Little Round 
Top, and of this engagement Mr. Stewart 
has written a full and vivid account. As 
a reward for efficiency and courage, Mr. 
Stewart was made first lieutenant of the 
Ninth Regiment of the United States 
Colored Troops, being appointed by 
President Lincoln. A copy of the ap- 
pointment, signed by Secretary of State 
Edward M. Stanton, follows: 

War Department, March 5, 1863. 

Sir: — You are hereby informed that the Presi- 
dent of the United States has appointed you First 
Lieutenant of the Ninth Regiment of United States 
Colored Troops, in the service of the United 
States, to rank as such from the first day of No- 
vember, 1863. 

Immediately upon the receipt hereof please com- 
municate to the Department through the adjutant- 
general of the army your acceptance or non- 
acceptance, and with your letter of acceptance 
return the oath herewith enclosed, properly filled 
out, subscribed to, and attested, and report age, 
birthplace, and your permanent residence. You 
will report for duty in person to Major General 
R. C. Schenck, commanding Middle Department, 
Baltimore, Maryland. 

Signed, Edward M. Stanton. 

Lieutenant John E. Stewart, 
9th Regiment United States Colored Troops 





Mr. Stewart was released from service May 15, 1920, and they were the parents 

in December, 1864, at which time he held 
the rank of adjutant. He then located in 
New York, where for two years he was 
employed as a clerk. At the end of that 
period he formed a partnership with Mr. 
Warren, under the firm name of Stewart, 
Warren & Company, and engaged in the 
stationery business, maintaining this con- 
nection until 1904, when the partnership 
was dissolved, and Mr. Stewart came to 
Springfield. Here he organized the John 
E. Stewart Company, of which he is presi- 
dent and treasurer, and engaged in the 
printing and stationery business which 
he has continued to conduct to the pres- 
ent time (1922). This business has been 
an eminently successful one. For thirty- 
five years Mr. Stewart has been a manu- 
facturing stationer and printer in New 
York City, and to the management of the 
establishment in Springfield he brought a 
high degree of valuable experience, and 
these have won him an enviable reputa- 
tion for high grade printing and enabled 
him to put out some very fine catalogue 
and art work. 

As an upright business man and pro- 
gressive citizen, Mr. Stewart holds a high 
place in the esteem of the citizens of 
Springfield. With all his business respon- 
sibilities, he has found time to keep fresh 
the associations of the trying period of 
the Civil War, being a member and past 
commander of the E. K. Wilcox Post, No. 
16, Grand Army of the Republic, and 
was formerly a member of Winfield Scott 
Post, No. 73, of Plainfield, New Jersey, 
of which he was adjutant and quarter- 
master. He is also a member of the Loyal 
Legion, which is composed of officers of 
the Civil War. His religious affiliation is 
with the First Congregational church. 

On August 7, 1867, John Edward 
Stewart married Lina E. Bromby, of 
Chenango county, New York, who died 

of two children : Jessie M., who married 
Major I. H. Evans, now deceased ; Ed- 
ward W., who is a ranchman in Denver, 
Colorado, and has one child, Lina Vir- 

MALONEY, Charles Henry 

For the past fourteen years Charles H. 
Maloney, one of the well known business 
men of Springfield, had entire charge of 
the steam-heating department of G. R. 
Estabrook, of Springfield, doing work all 
over New England and on Long Island. 

Mr. Maloney is of Irish ancestry, but 
was born in England, His grandfather, 
Thomas Maloney, was born and reared 
in Ireland, and spent his entire life in the 
land of his birth. He married Ann Con- 
nery, who, after the death of her hus- 
band, followed her sons to Springfield, 
Massachusetts, where she died in 1893, at 
the age of ninety-six years. Thomas and 
Ann (Connery) Maloney reared a family 
of children: Ann, who married John 
Giblon ; Catherine, who married Michael 
Lloyd ; William ; Thomas, of further men- 
tion ; and Bridget, who married John 

Thomas Maloney, son of Thomas and 
Ann (Connery) Maloney, was born in 
County Sligo, Ireland, in 1828. He re- 
ceived the best education that could be 
obtained in the common schools of the 
neighborhood, and then learned the trade 
of the blacksmith, beginning very early 
to swing the hammer upon the anvil. 
Wishing to become an iron-worker, how- 
ever, and realizing that the great iron 
works of England then offered the best 
opportunity for gaining experience, he 
went to Hartley Poole, England, and be- 
came an iron worker in the rolling mills 
there. He advanced rapidly, finally tak- 
ing contracts in the rolling mill and direct- 
ing the work of others. During the 


World War the Hartley Poole Works 
were among the first to be blown up by 
the Germans, the house in which the chil- 
dren of Thomas and Mary (Foley) 
Maloney were born being destroyed at 
the same time. In September, 1887, when 
he was nearly sixty years of age and prac- 
tically retired, Thomas Maloney came to 
this country and located in Springfield, 
Massachusetts. After the death of his 
wife, in 1894, he returned to Ireland for 
a visit, and died there, June 2, 1895. His 
wife, Mary (Foley) Maloney, died in 
Springfield, Massachusetts, July i, 1894. 
Their children were: i. Michael, who 
was killed in England. 2. William, a 
resident of Chester, Pennsylvania. 3. 
Thomas, who lives in Millville, Massa- 
chusetts. 4. Mary, deceased, married 
John Forbes. 5. Charles Henry, of further 
mention. 6. John J., of Franklin, Ohio, 
president of the Franklin Coated Paper 
Company. 7. Patrick J., a plumber in 
Atlantic City, New Jersey. 8. Katherine 
Helen, who married C. H. Newman, and 
had the following children : Marion, mar- 
ried John J. Hogerty; Sarah Miller, mar- 
ried Harold Tracy ; Bernice, married 
George Quilty ; and Grace, at home. 

Charles Henry Maloney was born in 
County Durham, England, March 15, 
1867, his father at the time working in the 
rolling mills at Hartley Poole. He at- 
tended school in his native town until he 
reached the sixth grade, which would be 
equivalent to first year high school in this 
country, and then, at the age of fourteen 
years, entered the iron works at West 
Hartley Poole. This was a large estab- 
lishment employing some 7,000 men, and 
here the lad, Charles Henry, remained 
for about five years. But like his father 
before him, the young man was ambitious 
and enterprising, and had visions of 
greater opportunities in farther fields. 
The United States had become the great 

center of the iron industry, and as the 
Pittsburgh region was being developed, 
the future of that industry in this country 
was already assured. In 1887 the whole 
family came to America, arriving in New 
York, April 19, and intending to proceed 
to the iron works at Homestead, Penn- 
sylvania. Fate or circumstances decreed 
otherwise, however, and instead of going 
to the Pittsburgh region, the Maloney 
family went to New York City, and later 
came to New England and settled in 
Springfield, Massachusetts, where for a 
time young Charles Henry worked with 
Lyons & Baum, building contractors of 
West Springfield. He was energetic and 
ambitious and gained experience in sev- 
eral lines of work. After gaining valu- 
able experience in the employ of Lyons & 
Baum, he next associated himself with 
Kirkman and Estabrook, then later with 
the Wilcox Company, making cement 
sewer pipes, and finally, in 1888, returning 
to G. R. Estabrook, who was then alone. 
In order to fit himself for his present line 
of work, he made use of the night schools 
of Springfield and learned the steam-heat- 
ing trade. So well did he apply the 
knowledge thus gained that he now has 
entire charge of that line of work for 
G. R. Estabrook, for which he makes all 
the estimates, does all the contracting, 
and employs all the men, doing this entire 
work upon a commission basis. Mr. 
Maloney has now been handling this work 
for fourteen years, and has built up a 
splendid business. He does work all over 
New England and on Long Island, keeps 
ten men busy all the time, and frequently 
employs many more. 

Politically he is an Independent. He is 
a past grand knight of the Knights of 
Columbus, and a past exalted ruler of the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks, Lodge No. 61. He has been a mem- 
ber of the St. Vincent de Paul Society for 



some twenty years, fifteen of which he in front of Court Square. He had sons : 
has served as president, the object of the James and Joseph, also a daughter, Han- 
organization being the care of the poor. 
Mr. Maloney has prospered and has some 
fine real estate interests in Springfield. 
On August 10, 1892, Charles Henry 
Maloney married Annie Morris, of Man- 
chester, England, daughter of Patrick 
and Mary (Haley) Morris, and they 
were the parents of three children : 
Eunice, who died at the age of five years ; 
Norice, born in Springfield, Massachu- 
setts, January 12, 1899; and Philip, who 
died at the age of three years. 

WARRINER, Edward Voorhis 

A peculiar turn of fate caused Edward 
V. Warriner, of Springfield, of Warriner 
& Edmonds Automobile Service Station, 
and agents for Stanley Steamers, to 
change his mind as to the taking of pas- 
sage on the "City of Athens" for Cape 
Town, Africa, in July, 1917, and to that 
peculiar turn he probably owes his life, 
as that steamer was sunk by a mine off 
the coast of Africa in August, 1917. Mr. 
Warriner sailed in August, a month later 
than he intended, traveled completely 
around the world without mishap, and re- 
turned home in January, 1918. Mr. War- 
riner was born in Montrose, Pennsyl- 
vania, son of Rev. Edward A. Warriner, 
a clergyman of the Protestant Episcopal 
church, and a descendant of William 
Warriner, who appeared first in Spring- 
field, Massachusetts, in 1638, and the 
same year was admitted a freeman. He 
married (first), in 1639, Joanna Scant, 
who died February 7, 1660; he married 
(second), October 2, 1661, Mrs. Elizabeth 
Hitchcock, a widow, who survived him 
and married a third husband. He owned 
lands in what is now Court Square, 
Springfield, his house being near where 
the old court house stands, on the north 
side of the First Congregational Church, 

nah. This branch traces descent from 
Deacon James Warriner, the eldest son 
of William and his first wife, Joanna. 

Deacon James Warriner was born in 
Springfield, Massachusetts, November 21, 
1640, died there May 14, 1727. He was a 
deacon of the First Congregational 
Church and by his two wives, Elizabeth 
Baldwin and Sarah Alvord, had fifteen 
children, descent in this branch being 
through Ebenezer, the eighth child of the 
first wife. 

Ebenezer Warriner, of the third gen- 
eration, was born in Springfield, March 
4, 1682, and from him the line is traced 
through his son, Hezekiah, born 1724, died 
1785; his son. Major Gad, born 1758, died 
1842, a large landowner in the town of 
Agawam, Hampden county, Massachu- 
setts ; his son, Ruel, born January 12, 
1784, died June 19, 1854, proprietor of 
the hotel at the ferry in Agawam ; his 
son, Edward A., a clergyman of the Epis- 
copal church, of whom further; his son, 
Edward Voorhis Warriner, of Springfield. 

Rev. Edward A. Warriner, fourth child 
of Ruel and Anna (Chaffee) Warriner, 
was born in Agawam, Hampden county, 
Massachusetts, February 18, 1829, died at 
Montrose, Pennsylvania, in 1910. He 
prepared in local schools, then entered 
Yale College, going later to Union Col- 
lege, whence he was graduated. He then 
began teaching and was following this in 
the South when war broke out between 
the States, causing his return North, 
where he studied law and was admitted 
to the bar of the State of Michigan. The 
law, however, made little appeal to him, 
and he later took courses in divinity at 
theological school and was ordained a 
clergyman of the Protestant Episcopal 
church. After his marriage, he was set- 
tled the pastor over the church at Mont- 


rose, Pennsylvania, but there his wife's 
health failed, and he went to Colorado 
for a time, returning finally, and accept- 
ing* a call to the church in Bridgeport, 
Pennsylvania. There his wife died, and 
he again accepted the rectorship of the 
church in Montrose, Pennsylvania, con- 
tinuing the spiritual head of that parish 
until 1905, when he retired from the min- 
istry. He was a man of strong intel- 
lectual powers and greatly beloved by 
his parishioners. He was called to par- 
ishes offering larger salaries than he was 
receiving, but he remained with the 
Montrose church as long as he continued 
in the ministry. 

He was not only an eloquent divine and 
a well beloved rector, but a writer of 
great ability, his pen enriching the pages 
of literature. He published "Victor La 
Laurette," a novel ; "Kear," an Indian 
poem ; "I Am That I Am," a religious 
poem ; and other works. When retiring 
from the rectorship of the Montrose 
church, he was elected rector emeritus, 
and in that relation served the parish dur- 
ing the last five years of his life. 

Rev. Edward A. Warriner married 
(first) Louise Voorhis, of Lancaster, Penn- 
sylvania, whom he became acquainted 
with while a student. She died in 1873. 
He married (second) Esther Bowles. 
Three children were born of the first mar- 
riage : I. Samuel D., served as general 
manager for the Calumett and Hecla 
Copper Mines, later general manager of 
the Lehigh Valley Coal Company and 
later as vice-president of same, at the 
present time (1921) president of the Le- 
high Coal and Navigation Company, of 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and during 
the World War had charge of the dis- 
tribution of all coal under Fuel Adminis- 
trator Garfield. 2. Edward Voorhis, of 
further mention. 3. Ruel ChaflFee, of 
further mention, a mining engineer, resid- 

ing in Essex Fells, New Jersey, with 
offices in New York City, on Wall street, 
under the title of Mines and Commerce. 
Five children were born of the second 
marriage: i. Louise, married Dr. Smith, 
of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 2. Jesse 
Bowles, a graduate of Lehigh University, 
with the degree of Mining Engineer, at 
the present time chief engineer for the 
Lehigh Coal and Navigation Company, of 
which his half-brother is president. 3. 
Philip Bowles, a soldier of the United 
States during the World War. 4. Paul 
Sherman, of Montrose, Pennsylvania. 5. 
Anna ChafYee, of Montrose, Pennsyl- 

Ruel Chafifee Warriner, a graduate of 
Springfield High School and Lehigh Uni- 
versity, was for twenty-two years general 
manager of the Crown mines at Johannes- 
burg, South Africa. It was to visit him 
that Edward V. and his sister, Anna C. 
Warriner, braved the perils of ocean 
travel in the summer of 1917, reaching 
there and later returning in safety. Mr. 
Warriner made his trip around the world, 
spending seventy-eight days at sea, and 
visiting his brother, spending several 
weeks at his summer home at one of the 
most beautiful points on the south shore 
of Africa. 

Ruel Chaffee Warriner was recalled to 
England from his duties in Johannesburg 
in 1917, and his abilities were used as an 
organizer in the Aviation Service of the 
British Government. He is not only a 
mining engineer, but is interested in cat- 
tle ranches and cattle raising in Johannes- 
burg, and is an extensive property owner 
in that locality. 

Edward Voorhis Warriner, second of 
the three sons of Rev. Edward A. and his 
first wife, Louise (Voorhis) Warriner, 
was born in Montrose, Pennsylvania, 
September 12, 1869. He attended Mont- 
rose School until seventeen years of age, 


then came to Springfield, Massachusetts, 
making his home with an aunt while he 
attended Springfield High School. After 
completing his studies, he became book- 
keeper for Kibbe Brothers & Company, 
the well known candy manufacturers, in 
charge of the billing department, and for 
twenty years he continued with that sub- 
stantial house. In 1908 he became a part- 
ner in the firm H. C. Knudson & Com- 
pany, automobile dealers, and agents for 
the Stanley Steamer. That association 
continued for ten years, dissolving in 1918. 
Mr. Warriner then formed a partnership 
with Harry E. Edmonds, and as such con- 
tinued in the same line of business under 
the firm name of Warriner & Edmonds. 
The firm maintains a modern service sta- 
tion in Springfield, and are the agents for 
the sale of the Stanley Steamer. Mr. 
Warriner is unmarried. 

ALEXANDER, George Frederick 

Among the prominent business men of 
Springfield, Massachusetts, who are na- 
tives of that city is George Frederick 
Alexander, president and manager of the 
George F. Alexander Lumber Company. 

Mr. Alexander is of Scotch" origin, being 
a member of the ancient Scotch family of 
that name. The name is an ancient one 
in both Scotland and England, being in 
both countries derived from the personal 
name, though there is probably no rela- 
tionship between the original Alexander 
families of Scotland and those of Eng- 
land. The surname is found as early as 
1450 in Stirlingshire and Ayrshire, Scot- 
land, and the Scotch family of the pres- 
ent day still possesses the earldom of 
Stirling and the viscountcy of Canada. 
When James I sent the Protestant colo- 
nists to Ulster, Ireland, in 1610, John 
Alexander went there as a grantee of 
land. May i, 1613, and became the ances- 
tor of many of the Scotch-Irish immi- 

grants of the name who later came to this 
country. George Frederick Alexander, 
however, is not a descendant of the Ulster 
branch, but of the branch of the family 
which remained in Scotland. 

James Alexander, grandfather of George 
Frederick Alexander, was born in Kil- 
marnock, Scotland, in 1794, and died in 
Thompsonville, Connecticut, April 3, 
1866, aged seventy-two years. He was a 
weaver in Scotland, and conducted a busi- 
ness of his own, that of weaving shawls. 
In 1829 he came to America, locating in 
Thompsonville, Connecticut, where he 
erected the first hand loom used in the 
carpet weaving industry in that town, 
and becoming associated with the Hart- 
ford Carpet Company, now the Bigelow- 
Hartford Carpet Company, of Thompson- 
ville, as master weaver, retained that posi- 
tion to the time of his death. He was a 
well educated and deeply religious man, 
who took an active part in the public af- 
fairs of Thompsonville, and was greatly 
respected and trusted by his fellow- 
citizens, who chose him to be their first 
representative in the State Legislature. 
He was also the first appointed elder of 
the First Presbyterian Church of Thomp- 
sonville, and being an excellent Bible stu- 
dent and possessed of the gift of the clear, 
forcible speech, necessary for the "ex- 
horter" of those days, was made a lay 
preacher. He married, in Scotland, Janet 
McMillan, who was born April i, 1794, 
and died in 1855, and they were the par- 
ents of ten children, the first six of whom 
were born in Scotland : Margaret, who 
married Francis McGraw; James; Agnes, 
who married David C. Bennett; Robert; 
Jean, who died in infancy ; Mary ; John, 
of further mention ; Janet ; Elizabeth ; and 

John Alexander, son of James and Janet 
(McMillan) Alexander, was born in 
Thompsonville, Connecticut, April 16, 



1831, and died in Springfield, Massachu- 
setts, February 21, 1903. He received his 
education in the public schools of Thomp- 
sonville, and then learned the tinsmith's 
trade, coming to Springfield before his 
apprenticeship was finished, and complet- 
ing the learning of his trade in the latter 
city. When his apprenticeship was fin- 
ished, he engaged in business for himself, 
handling stoves and tinware, and conduct- 
ing his establishment alone until he be- 
came associated with his brother Robert. 
For a short time he conducted a store in 
Chicopee, Massachusetts, but soon re- 
turned to Springfield, where he remained 
active until within a short time of his 
death. An upright man, he was most 
highly esteemed as an honorable and pro- 
gressive citizen and a loyal friend. He 
was a member of the United Order of the 
Golden Cross, and his religious affiliation 
was with the Universalist church. On 
June 22, 1856, Mr. Alexander married 
Almeda Walker, of Waterville, Maine, 
who died March 12, 1914, daughter of 
Samuel C. and Evelyne (Hale) Walker, 
and they were the parents of four chil- 
dren : Frederick, deceased ; George Fred- 
erick, of further mention ; John, deceased ; 
and Mary, deceased. 

George Frederick Alexander, son of 
John and Almeda (Walker) Alexander, 
was born in Springfield, Massachusetts, 
June 12, 1865. He received his education 
in the public schools of his native city, 
and in the Collegiate Institute, a prepara- 
tory school, where he studied under the 
direction of M. C. Stebbins. When his 
studies were completed, he became asso- 
ciated with a building firm in Springfield, 
Massachusetts, as bookkeeper, where he 
remained for three years, then went to 
Amherst, where he was employed as a 
bookkeeper and cashier. He later sev- 
ered his connection there in order to be- 
come associated with the A. C. Button 

Lumber Company, of Springfield, Massa- 
chusetts, as bookkeeper. After gaining 
valuable experience in these two com- 
panies, he became identified with Rice & 
Lockwood, becoming treasurer of the 
company, which position he held for a 
year, then became the traveling represent- 
ative, and for seven years he sold lumber 
at wholesale for this concern throughout 
Western New England and Eastern New 
York. He then entered the United Lum- 
ber Company, of which he became treas- 
urer and manager. For ten years he filled 
these offices, conducting a successful and 
prosperous business, and then in 1910, be- 
came president and manager, and con- 
tinued to build up and direct this concern 
for twelve years. Finally, he liquidated 
the United Lumber Company, and in 1921 
organized the George F. Alexander Lum- 
ber Company, of which he is president 
and manager, and which concern is hand- 
ling a large wholesale lumber business. 

Mr. Alexander is a member of Spring- 
field Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons ; 
and he is also a member of the Tekoa 
Country Club, of Westfield, Massachu- 
setts. He is an attendant of the Congre- 
gational church in Westfield. 

George Frederick Alexander married, 
on April 30, 1890, Grace A. Benjamin, of 
Amherst, Massachusetts, daughter of 
Eber and Harriet (Warriner) Benjamin 
(see Benjamin IX), and they are the par- 
ents of one daughter, Grace Meriam 
Alexander, born June i, 1891, who mar- 
ried, September 11, 1916, Spencer Martin 
Van Deusen, of Westfield, Massachusetts 
(see Van Deusen line). Mr. and Mrs. Van 
Deusen have two children : Henry Mar- 
shall (2) Van Deusen, born May 9, 1918; 
and Amoret Alexander Van Deusen, born 
March 3, 1921. Mrs. Van Deusen is a 
graduate of the Lazelle Seminary of Au- 
burndale, Massachusetts. 



(The Benjamin Line). 

(I) John (i) Benjamin, born in Eng- 
land in 1590, came to America in the ship 
"Lion" in 1632, and died June 14, 1675. 
He married, and reared a family of chil- 
dren, among whom was John (2), of 
whom further. 

(II) John (2) Benjamin, son of John 
(i) Benjamin, was born in 1620, and died 
December 22, 1706. He married Lydia 
, and they were the parents of chil- 
dren, among whom was Abel, of whom 

(III) Abel Benjamin, son of John (2) 
and Lydia Benjamin, was born May 20, 
1668. He married and reared a family, 
among whom was Caleb (i), of whom 

(IV) Caleb (i) Benjamin, son of Abel 
Benjamin, was born January 28, 1701, and 
died in 1775. He married Abigail Liver- 
more, and they were the parents of chil- 
dren, among whom was Caleb (2), of 
whom further. 

(V) Caleb (2) Benjamin, son of Caleb 
(i) and Abigail (Livermore) Benjamin, 
was born May 22, 1729, and died in 1818. 
He married Martha Bodman, and among 
their children was Joel Livermore, of 
whom further. 

(VI) Joel Livermore Benjamin, son of 
Caleb (2) and Martha (Bodman) Ben- 
jamin, was born in 1760, and died in 1839. 
He had children, among who was Ivers, 
of whom further. 

(VII) Ivers Benjamin, son of Joel L. 
Benjamin, was born in 1794 and died Sep- 
tember 26, 1876. He married, November 
18, 1826, Amoret Church, daughter of 
Samuel and Sabra (Fornum) Church, and 
they were the parents of children, among 
whom was Eber, of further mention. 

(VIII) Eber Benjamin, son of Ivers 
and Amoret (Church) Benjamin, was 
born July 27, 1839, and died November 
30, 1882. He married Harriet Warriner 

(see Warriner VIII), and they were the 
parents of children, among whom was 
Grace A., of whom further. 

(IX) Grace A. Benjamin, daughter of 
Eber and Harriet (Warriner) Benjamin, 
married George F. Alexander (see Alex- 

(The Warriner Line). 

(I) William Warriner, immigrant an- 
cestor, came from England in 1638. He 
married and had children, among whom 
was Deacon James (i), of whom further. 

(II) Deacon James (i) Warriner, son 
of William Warriner, born in Springfield, 
Massachusetts, in 1640, was the father of 
Lieutenant James (2), of whom further. 

(III) Lieutenant James (2) Warriner, 
son of Deacon James (i) Warriner, born 
in Springfield, in 1668, was the father of 
Ensign James (3) Warriner, of whom 

(IV) Ensign James (3) Warriner, son 
of Lieutenant James (2) Warriner, born 
in Springfield, in 1693, reared a family of 
children, among whom was Captain 
James (4) Warriner, of whom further. 

(V) Captain James (4) Warriner, son 
of Ensign James (3) Warriner, was born 
in 1723. He served in the War of the 
Revolution, and reared a family of chil- 
dren, among whom was Captain Ethan 
(i), of whom further. 

(VI) Captain Ethan (i) Warriner, son 
of Captain James (4) Warriner, born in 
1763, was the father of Ethan (2), of 
whom further. 

(VII) Ethan (2) Warriner, son of Cap- 
tain Ethan (i) Warriner, was born in 
1802, and married Dolly Kent. They 
were the parents of children, among 
whom was Harriet Warriner, of whom 

(VIII) Harriet Warriner, daughter of 
Ethan (2) and Dolly (Kent) Warriner, 
married Eber Benjamin (see Benjamin 



VIII), and among their children was 
Grace A., of whom further. 

(IX) Grace A. Benjamin, daughter of 
Harriet (Warriner) and Eber Benjamin, 
married George F. Alexander (see Alex- 

(The Van Deusen Line). 

Spencer Martin Van Deusen is a de- 
scendant on the paternal side, of very old 
Dutch stock, tracing his ancestry to 
Abraham Pietersen Van Deusen, of Haer- 
lem, in the Netherlands, who came to 
New Amsterdam (New York) at a very 
early date, and whose name appears upon 
the earliest New York Colonial records, 
which state that Abraham Pietersen, of 
Haerlem, Netherlands, took possession in 
1636, for the Dutch East Indian Com- 
pany, of the Island of Quentensis, in front 
of Sloop's Bay. He was the first miller 
of New Amsterdam, and a prominent man 
in the community, who lived on the east 
side of Heeren street, April 19, 1665, 
when he was assessed to support soldiers. 
This street is now Broadway, and his 
house was the third place south of Wall 
street, opposite Trinity Church. His de- 
scendants spelled the name in various 
ways, including Van Duersen, Van Deu- 
sen, and Van Dusen, though until 1667, 
the patronymics Pietersen and Abraham- 
sen were used. The Van Deursens were 
among the leading families and became 
connected by marriage with the most 
prominent Dutch families of New York. 
He married in the old country, and the 
line from this immigrant ancestor to 
Spencer Martin Van Deusen is traced 
through (II) Mattheus Abrahamsen Van 
Deusen, (III) Robert Teunis Van Deu- 
sen, (IV) Martin (Marten) Van Deusen, 
(V) Johannes (John) Van Deusen, (VI) 
John Van Deusen, Jr., (VII) Isaac Van 
Deusen, (VIII) Martin Van Deusen, 
(IX) Henry Marshall Van Deusen, mar- 
ried Esther Baldwin, and they were 

the parents of children, among whom 
was (X) Spencer Martin Van Deusen, 
who married Grace Meriam Alexander, 
daughter of George F. and Grace A. 
(Benjamin) Alexander (see Alexander). 

SAYLES, Frank A. 

No more distinguished name than that 
of Sayles occurs in the history of the 
State of Rhode Island, in the annals 
of its business, financial and industrial 
development in the last century. From 
the first days of Rhode Island's existence 
as a colony the name has carried a pres- 
tige and influence in large aflfairs which 
subsequent generations have not allowed 
to wane. In the career of the late Frank 
Arthur Sayles, prematurely cut oflF at the 
height of its gigantic achievement and 
usefulness, we have an example of in- 
spired strength welding together struc- 
tures of men and minds for great indus- 
trial advancement, combined with the re- 
sourcefulness and inventive genius of the 
New England intellect, such as occurs but 
few times in a century. Frank A. Sayles 
took undisputed place as one of the great- 
est captains of industry of the twentieth 
century, and his reputation was world 

The Sayles family in Rhode Island 
dates from the year 1651, when the first 
mention of the name of the progenitor, 
John Sayles, appears on the records of the 
colony. That he had been here for at 
least a short period prior to that date is 
evident from the fact that about 1650 he 
married Mary Williams, daughter of Roger 
Williams. They were the progenitors of 
a family which has figured largely in the 
afifairs of Colony and State from the 
very beginning. Although not numerous, 
their descendants have been divided into 
several clearly defined branches, accord- 
ing to the localities in which they have 



The surname is of ancient English ori- 
gin, and considerable interest attaches to 
its derivation. It is local in source, and 
signifies literally "at the hurdles," sayles 
being the old English word for hurdles, or 
the upright stakes of a hurdle. Charles 
Wareing Bardsley, M. A., in his "Diction- 
ary of English and Welsh Surnames," in 
tracing the origin of the name, says : "The 
only instances I can find, ancient or mod- 
ern, are in County York. The name has 
remained there at least five hundred 
years." From this fact we cannot go far 
astray if we claim Yorkshire as the home 
of the early Sayles ancestors. 

Arms — Argent, on a fess cottised engrailed 
azure between three wolves' heads erased sable, as 
many griffins' heads erased or. 

Crest — In front of a wolf's head couped sable, 
gorged with a collar gemel or, three escallops 

Motto — Who most has served is greatest. (This 
motto is given only in English.) 

(I) John Sayles, immigrant ancestor 
and founder, was born in 1633. He is first 
recorded in Providence Plantations, Jan- 
uary 27, 165 1, when he purchased a house 
and lot of John Throckmorton. On May 
12, 1652, he bought land of Ralph Earle, 
near West River. In the following year, 
1653, already risen to a position of prom- 
inence in Colonial affairs, he was chosen 
assistant to the governor. In 1655 he was 
admitted a freeman, and in 1653, 1655. 
1657, 1659 was commissioner. From 1655 
to 1657 he served the town of Providence 
as clerk ; member of the General Coun- 
cil, 1658; warden, 1648; treasurer, 1653. 
1657, 1659, 1661, 1662. On May 26. 1660, 
he sold William Hawkins a piece of prop- 
erty which indicates how vast were his 
holdings in the early Colony. On that 
date he conveyed all rights in land lying 
between Pawtucket and Pawtuxet rivers, 
"beginning at the end of seven miles upon 
a west line from the hill called Foxes' Hill 

(the town of Providence having the same 
for a boundary), and so to go up the 
streams of those rivers unto the end of 
twenty miles from the said Foxes' Hill." 
On February 19, 1665, he had lot twenty- 
four in a division of lands. On May 31, 
1666, he took the oath of allegiance. He 
served on the grand jury in 1669-71, and 
in 1669-70-71-74-76-77-78, was a deputy to 
the Rhode Island General Assembly. On 
May 4, 1670, he and three others were ap- 
pointed to audit the Colony's accounts. 
On June 24, 1670, he sold to Stephen 
Arnold a thirteenth of the island, called 
the vineyard, at Pawtuxet, "which my 
father-in-law Mr. Roger Williams gave 
me." In 1670-71 he was a member of the 
Town Council. On August 21, 1671, he 
and Thomas Roberts were appointed to 
prize and transport the horse belonging 
to the town of Rhode Island, and to de- 
liver it to Joseph Torrey in payment of 
debts due from the town. On May 24, 
1675, he drew lot eighteen in the division 
of lands. His last appearance on the pub- 
lic records is on July i, 1679, when he was 
taxed one shilling, three pence, 

John Sayles married, about 1650, Mary 
Williams, daughter of Roger Williams, 
who was born at Plymouth, Massachu- 
setts, in August, 1633'. 

(II) John (2) Sayles, son of John (i) 
and Mary (Williams) Sayles, was born 
in Providence, Rhode Island, August 17, 
1654. He was admitted a freeman May 
3, 1681, and in 1688 served on the grand 
jury. On January 23, 1694, he had laid 
out to him thirty-five acres, "which land 
he had of his grandfather Mr. Roger Wil- 
liams." In 1694 he was chosen to the 
office of deputy to the General Assembly, 
and again in 1706. On August 14, 1710, 
he was licensed to keep an inn and sell 
liquor. John Sayles died on August 2, 
1727. His will, dated September 14, 1726, 
and proved August 21, 1727, bequeaths to 




his sons, Thomas, Richard and John, 
and his daughter Mary. The gravestone 
of John Sayles, his wife Elizabeth, and 
son Daniel, are still to be seen in the old 
graveyard v^^est of the railroad track, 
nearly opposite the foot of Earl street. 

John (2) Sayles married Elizabeth 
Olney, born January 31, 1666, daughter of 
Thomas Olney. She died November 2, 

(Ill) Captain Richard Sayles, son of 
John (2) and Elizabeth (Olney) Sayles, 
was born in Providence, Rhode Island, 
October 24, 1695, and died in Smithfield, 
after May, 1775. In 1731 he was town 
clerk of Providence. There is a record of 
his delivering the two children of his wife 
by a former marriage to their grand- 
father, Maturin Ballou, September 25, 
1742. He removed, in 1731-32, to Smith- 
field, a stronghold of the Rhode Island 
Friends, and some of his children joined 
the Society of Friends. His brothers also 
settled in Smithfield, and became very 
prominent citizens. Richard Sayles held 
the rank of ensign in the Second Provi- 
dence Company, Second Regiment of 
Militia of the Main Land, 1722, 1723, 
1724, 1725. He was a lieutenant in the 
same company in 1725 and 1726, and cap- 
tain in 1729. In 1 73 1, 1733, he was cap- 
tain of the Smithfield company. He was 
deputy for Providence to the General As- 
sembly of Rhode Island in 1730, and 
deputy for Smithfield in 1738. On Febru- 
ary 21, 1750, Richard Sayles deeded a 
house lot of two and three-quarter acres 
to his son Richard, and on July 5, 1757, 
deeded land to his sons, Jonathan and 
Gideon, including the homestead. 

Captain Richard Sayles married (first), 
November 24, 1720, Mercy Phillips, 
daughter of Richard and Sarah (Mowry) 
Phillips. He married (second). May 14, 
1738, Alice Arnold, of Smithfield, widow 
of David Arnold, and daughter of Maturin 

and Sarah Ballou. He married (third), 
January 10, 1742, Susannah Inman, widow 
of John Inman, and daughter of James 
and Susanna (Whitman) Ballou. 

(IV) Captain Israel Sayles, son of Cap- 
tain Richard and Mercy (Phillips) Sayles, 
was born March 17, 1726, and died April 
22, 1801. He was a farmer, and an un- 
usually skilled mechanic. For many years 
he was president of the Town Council of 
Glocester. He held the rank of lieutenant 
in the First Company of Glocester, Provi- 
dence County Regiment, in 1754, and was 
captain of the same in 1754, 1755, and 
1756. In 1757 he was enlisting officer for 
Glocester. Israel Sayles served in the 
Revolutionary War as a member of Cap- 
tain Hopkins' company, Colonel Lippitt's 
regiment, and according to report, under 
General Sullivan. 

Captain Israel Sayles married Mercy 
Whipple, daughter of Daniel and Mary 
(Smith) Whipple. 

(V) Ahab Sayles, son of Captain Israel 
and Mercy (Whipple) Sayles, was bom 
October 17, 1760, and died April 17, 1849. 
His homestead lands were between Pas- 
coag and Chepachet, on the line which in 
1806 was made the boundary line between 
Burrillville and Glocester, The family 
mansion was then situated in Burrillville 
instead of in Glocester as formerly. 

Ahab Sayles married, in January, 1786, 
Lillis Steere, daughter of Samuel and 
Martha (Colwell) Steere. and member of 
an old Rhode Island family. She was 
born August 17, 1766, and died March 9, 

(VI) Clark Sayles, son of Ahab and 
Lillis (Steere) Sayles, was born in Glo- 
cester, Rhode Island, May 18, 1797. He 
was educated in the local schools, and as 
a youth was an omniverous reader. At 
the age of eighteen years he entered the 
employ of Mr. Elias Carter, a master- 
builder of Thompson, Connecticut. He 



later went to Georgia, where he was em- 
ployed in building- the Burke county court 
house. Returning, he assisted in building 
the Congregational church edifice at Mil- 
ford, Massachusetts. Finally establish- 
ing himself independently, he erected a 
residence for his brother, Nicholas Sayles. 
He again went to Georgia, where for a 
time he constructed dwellings for plant- 
ers, and completed a large hotel at 
Waynesborough. On his return from the 
South he built the meeting-house in 
Greenville, Smithfield, Rhode Island. In 
the spring of 1822 he removed to Paw- 
tucket, and settled as a master builder. 
Among the contracts which he was 
awarded during the ensuing period were 
houses for David Wilkinson, the adding 
of the middle section of the First Bap- 
tist Church edifice, the building of the 
First Congregational Church edifice in 
Pawtucket, which he also planned, a 
church in North Scituate, and one in At- 
tleboro, Massachusetts. 

In addition to this work, he also en- 
gaged in the coal and lumber business, 
and was the first man to introduce coal 
into Pawtucket in vessels. Mr. Sayles as- 
sociated himself in business with Mr. 
Daniel Greene, and in the financial panic 
of 1829 the firm of Clark Sayles & Com- 
pany assumed to a great disadvantage, as 
the issue proved, the business interests of 
Mr. Greene, who had failed. Mr. Sayles 
was chosen director of the New England 
Pacific Bank, and was one of the two of 
its thirteen directors who did not fail. 
Chosen president of the bank as succes- 
sor to Dr. Asa Messer, Mr. Sayles stood 
at the head of the institution for seven- 
teen years, and "by most skillful finan- 
ciering," brought the bank through all its 
difficulties. In 1837, closing most of his 
large business interests in Pawtucket, he 
again went South and engaged in the 
wholesale lumber trade for the firm of 

which he was head, and also as agent 
of another company, operating steam saw 
mills, one on an island at the mouth of 
the Altamaha river, and one on the Savan- 
nah river, opposite the city of Savannah. 
He was occupied in this way for about 
twenty years, but finally returned to Paw- 
tucket. He did not again enter business 
for himself, but assisted his sons, William 
Francis and Frederic Clark Sayles, in pur- 
chasing materials and in the construction 
of the buildings added to their extensive 
Moshassuck Bleachery, in Lincoln, Rhode 
Island. He was also general superintend- 
ent in the erection of the beautiful Me- 
morial Chapel in Saylesville, near the 

In 1832 Mr. Sayles became a member 
of the Congregational church, and was 
prominent in the stand against slavery, 
and for temperance, educational and 
moral reform. In politics he was an Old- 
line Whig, and was finally identified with 
the Republican party. Contemporary rec- 
ord tells us that "Mr. Sayles was a 
strong, energetic, independent, incorrupti- 
ble man." He stands out preeminently as 
one of the strong, admirable, constructive 
figures of business life in Rhode Island in 
the latter half of the nineteenth century. 

Clark Sayles married, December 25, 
1822, Mary Ann Olney, born June 21, 
1803, daughter of Paris and Mercy (Win- 
sor) Olney, and a descendant of Thomas 
Olney, founder of the family in America, 
who was one of the thirteen original 
proprietors of Providence Plantations. 
Thomas Olney came from Hertford, Eng- 
land, in the ship "Planter," and settled 
first in Salem, Massachusetts ; he was one 
of the founders of Providence, with Roger 
Williams. From him the line descends 
through Epenetus Olney, who married 
Mary Whipple ; Epenetus Olney, Jr., who 
married Mary Williams; James Olney, 
married Hannah Winsor; Emor Olney, 



In Ye Name of God, Amen. 


We whofe names are underwritten, the loyal fubjects of our 
dread fovereigne Lord, King James, by ye grace of God, of Great 
Britaine, France and Ireland, King, defender of ye faith, etc, have- 
ing undertaken for ye glory of God and advancement of ye Chris- 
tian faith, and honour of our King and countrie, a voyage to plant 
yc firft Colonie in ye Northerne parts of Virginia, doi. by thefe 
prefents folemnly, and mutualy, in ye prefence of God, and of one 
another, covenant and combine ourfelveslogeather into a civil body 
politik for our bitter ordering and prefervation and furtherance of 
ye end aforefaid, and by vertue hearof to enacte, conftitute and 
frame fuch juft and equal lawes, ordinances, acts, constitutions and 
offices from time to time, as ihall be thought moft meete and con- 
venient for ye generall good of yc Colonie, unto which we piomife 
all due fubmiffion and obedience. In witnes whereof we have 
hereunder fubfcribed our names at Cape-Codd ye 1 1 of November, 
in ye year of ye raigne of our fovereigne Lord, King James of En- 
gland, France and Ireland, ye eighteenth, and of Scotland ye fiftie- 
fourth. Ano Dom. 1620. 



1. John Carver, 

U. Williniu Brorlford, 

3. Etlvvard W inflow. 

4. A\llllain Dr«>\vater. 

5. Isaac Allerton, 

6. Myl^s Standisb, 

7. John Alden, 

8. Samuel FullfP, 

8. ChriHtopher Martin. 

10. William MuMint, 

11. AVllliani White, 

12. Richard Warren, 

13. John Hovrland, 

14. Stephen Hoi>Win», 


Ed>vnrd Tllle>, 


Dvgory Prieat, 


John 1 ille>, 


Thom.ts \\ iiltams, 


Kraotis Cooke, 


Gilbert Winslow, 


Thonins Rogers, 


Edmond MiirgeBOD, 


Thomas linker 


Peter Bro^vn, 


John HiKdale, 


RiehartI Brilterldge 


Ed^vard I'uller, 


Cieorg:e Soole, 


John Turnt-r. 


Richard Clarke. 


I'rnncis Katon, 


Richard Gardiner, 


Jnme.'* Cliilton, 


John Ailorton, 


John Crack«iton. 


Thomas F^uKlinh, 


John UlUiiiKlon, 


EldT^nrtl Dotey, 


>loses F Iftrhc-.r, 


EilT^ard Lister, 

• *». 

John 'Joodniau. 


jral<^ /y /-^W *t7rtc Q/X'xs -f/Uxr^ Ca*ic(iAc-n Co-nfidgr-gJ^^ ^vr-iaA^ 

"Trie. J^-r-rrLt yotKS CLS /o^o-KVt.-^ 

^^^y ^a.-y*M. erf ^oct^/fyrtCT^ ylrt TvAof»^ ^ar^ts «^e 'li'nJe.t->i,ff/<:-ru. 
-^hc foyai^ su.Cicc^ of ou.t^ drrca-d JoyA^raa^rtO- fat- J ii?ff^ laTne^ 

o-nc 0;f (K^o-i/U.r*, C o vt^t nxfif , Q^ Com^\r\.f. c%*.v Je.^^<^S ^o^ear^ct^ -mis ix - 
4fie.t-pmc€- oZ/c^/f c^t^'cc^d^ ;. A>t/ /^r ^crAcc kz*S^of -ic f^i^cl'c, 

ones? -yrvejt-U. (^COTitA.e-nie.Ti.'f fox- y ^^<'^<'^'^^ ^Toci ofy Calo^^t: "^yvfi, 

Cot^ /-/J- of nou.<.^fr*^ ^ /year- ^/jr ritxyvTf' ^^^t- ^ovcPr«7>rc^ 

.^-/-.> ^/«;W^ ruca^a^.'k-^d f<%^c^ ofAV^rcCr\, <^^<^^p^ 
-//j|^ ^fif^ a-^^ co^^j:^eA^ of /pf^c5, fe or-Jc^-^rs. .t'>-f^fo-r ^^f^f 

of -J. 'yfxo-n^t^'s A»^-V -p a.Cft ^f f/iew^ Cor*xyar\y cfyi'd •i.rfi>^'<t{}' 



married Amey Hopkins ; Paris Olney, 
married Mercy Winsor. Clark and Mary 
Ann (Olney) Sayles were the parents of 
five children, three of whom died young. 
The sons, William Francis, mentioned 
below, and the late Hon. Frederic Clark 
Sayles, both rose to commanding posi- 
tions in the industrial and business life 
of Rhode Island. 

(VII) William Francis Sayles, son of 
Clark and Mary Ann (Olney) Sayles, was 
born in Pawtucket, Rhode Island, Sep- 
tember 21, 1824. He received his early 
education in the Fruit Hill Classical In- 
stitute, under Mr. Amos Perry ; the See- 
konk Classical School, under Mr. Stanton 
Belden ; and for two years was a student 
in Phillips Academy, Andover, Massachu- 

In 1842 he began his business life as 
bookkeeper for the firm of Shaw & Earle 
in Providence. He was afterwards sales- 
man, and eventually was placed in charge 
of the financial affairs of the concern. In 
December, 1847, he bought at public auc- 
tion the Moshassuck Bleachery, which is 
situated about two miles west of Paw- 
tucket. For some time the plant had been 
used as a print works. Mr. Sayles began 
immediately to erect additional buildings 
and converted the plant into a bleachery 
for shirtings and sheetings, having a ca- 
pacity of two and a half tons daily. By 
1854, despite the fact that he had entered 
the business without experience and with 
small capital, he had increased the capac- 
ity of the works to about four tons a day. 
About three-fourths of all the finer cotton 
goods came to his bleachery. The water 
of the Moshassuck river, for which the 
bleachery is named, is well adapted for 
the purposes of the plant, but the addi- 
tional advantage of a fountain of water 
from a hundred springs, enclosed in a 
wall some three hundred feet in circum- 
ference, has been added. In June, 1854. 

the entire plant was destroyed by fire, but 
Mr. Sayles immediately set himself to 
work to rehabilitate his loss, and the 
establishment was rebuilt on even a larger 
scale than the old. The new plant had a 
capacity of six tons a day, and from year 
to year additions have been made until 
the daily output is now expressed in 
terms of hundreds of thousands of yards. 
The buildings cover an area of thirty 
acres and are models of architecture for 
buildings of this kind and class, substan- 
tially built of brick. The surrounding 
grounds are tastefully laid out and care- 
fully kept. The works are lighted by elec- 
tricity, and are well equipped with fire 
apparatus and with every convenience for 
safeguarding the life and comfort of the 
workmen. Mr. Sayles was a pioneer in 
providing for the welfare and health, com- 
fort and happiness of his men, and the 
most harmonious relations always existed 
between him and his employees. He was 
a prime mover in the establishment of a 
school district for the village, and on the 
first Sunday in June, i860, he organized a 
Sunday school, and as its superintendent 
devoted himself to the work during the 
remainder of his life. The village which 
grew about the bleachery has come to be 
called Saylesville, and now has a popula- 
tion of more than two thousand, with 
stores, post office, and all the attributes of 
a model manufacturing community. In 
1863 Mr. Sayles admitted to partnership 
his brother, Frederic C. Sayles. with 
whose cooperation the business was con- 
stantly enlarged. 

In 1873 William F. and Frederic C. 
Sayles, to meet the religious needs of the 
growing community in Saylesville, and to 
raise a suitable memorial "to the memory 
of their deceased children," erected a 
beautiful chapel of Westerly granite, in 
the Gothic style. The following names 
are inscribed on marble tablets on the in- 



terior walls at each side of the pulpit : 
"Louisa Marsh Sayles, and Nannie Nye 
Sayles, children of William F. and Mary 
W.," on the west side ; and "Benjamin 
Paris Sayles, son of Frederic C. and De- 
borah C," on the east side. In 1877 Wil- 
liam F. Sayles erected a tower on the cor- 
ner of the church as a memorial to his 
deceased son, William Clark Sayles, who 
died the previous year while a student in 
Brown University. A few years later. 
Mr. Sayles, with his brother, erected at 
a cost of $30,000 a large hall for the use 
of those in their employ, containing a 
library and reading room, and a room for 
the association of firemen in the bleachery 
and for other social purposes. One writer 
said of the village a generation ago what 
is just as true to-day in a larger sense : 

The Moshassuck Bleachery, with its numerous 
substantial buildings, the neat appearance of the 
tenement houses around it, the elevated grounds on 
either side of the winding stream, which gives the 
valley its name, the pleasant homes of the per- 
manent residents, the chapel, the school house, the 
public hall, the absence of drinking saloons and 
the concomitants, the peaceable and orderly char- 
acter of the people, give to Saylesville its enviable 
reputation as the model manufacturing village of 
Rhode Island. 

In 1877 William F. and Frederic C. 
Sayles built the Moshassuck Valley rail- 
road, which connects their village with 
the Woodlawn station of the New York, 
New Haven & Hartford railroad. The 
senior partner became president of the 
road, and his brother treasurer. This spur 
track greatly facilitated the transporta- 
tion of goods to and from the bleachery 
and opened up an opportunity for indefi- 
nite expansion of business. Between 
Woodlawn and the bleachery, the firm 
established an extensive business in the 
Lorraine Mills, in manufacturing ladies' 
dress goods of the finest quality, especially 
French cashmeres. At Lorraine another 
model village grew up about this indus- 

try, and the firm erected a chapel there, 
pursuing the same generous policy which 
they had followed at Moshassuck. 

Mr. Sayles was prominently identified 
with many of the foremost business and 
financial institutions in the State of Rhode 
Island. He was president of the Slater 
National Bank of Pawtucket, and a direc- 
tor of the Third National Bank of Provi- 
dence. He was a large stockholder in 
numerous manufacturing industries, and 
was president of the Slater Cotton Com- 
pany of Pawtucket, of w^hich he was 
founder. He was a director of the Pone- 
mah Mills, of Taftville, Connecticut, the 
largest cotton manufacturing business in 
the State, and one of the largest in New 
England. He was president of the Staf- 
ford Manufacturing Company of Central 
Falls, and a stockholder in numerous mill 
corporations in Massachusetts. 

In politics, Mr. Sayles was a Republi- 
can. He served two terms as State Sena- 
tor from Pawtucket, and proved a wise 
and efficient legislator. For many years 
he was president of the trustees of the 
Pawtucket Free Public Library. In 1878, 
in memory of his son, William Clark 
Sayles, Mr. Sayles gave to Brown Uni- 
versity the sum of $50,000 for the erection 
of a memorial hall. The gift was subse- 
quently increased to $100,000, and on June 
4, 1881, Sayles Hall was dedicated. In 
1879 Mr. Sayles was elected to the board 
of trustees of Brown University, and held 
that office until his death, May 7, 1894. In 
his younger days he served in the State 
Militia, and was lieutenant-colonel of the 
Pawtucket Light Guard. During the 
Civil War he gave earnest and loyal sup- 
port to the government, contributing 
freely from his wealth for many patriotic 

In 1870-72 he erected a beautiful man- 
sion overlooking the cities of Pawtucket 
and Providence. Here he collected a fine 


Dorr .ir/H^-HjPj&n.. pale gules and azvire, ; & ■ '^li wings ex- 

tended or. .^ 

Crest — A denii^ger azure holding between the feet an escallop or. ' 

Craiijford .4rm^-^0uarterly. ist and 4th ijules, a fes.s chequy argent and 
azure, for Ii^dsa}Y f^and ;iiid },r<\ or, a lion raii'.int giilts, debn -cd oi a ribbon 
in bend sabi^4or Abenietliy. 

Credit— ^.Kh ostrich proper holding in his beak a key or. 

Sup'po^tcrs — Two lions sejant cjiiardant giiV~. 
Motto— -Endure fort. 

:;is — Sable, a cross p<jfun or. over all a bend argent, in chief .minister 
a be^.:iijL. » 

Crest — An !i <■ n full length facing, in the dexter hand a bow. ii lie sinister 
an arrow 

Bciii .-iriiis — --\/>iit. a.liuii ranij>ant or, arnieu and langued gul-..;. 
Supi^' fers—Two bears jproper. 
Motto — J'^irtiitcr a 'stivpe traho. 

Hoicland .u iiis-rr~H<: bcareth sable, two bar-*argeni. on a. chit i of the second 
three lions rampant of the first, and for his cresi, on a wreatli «>f hi- CMJors a lion 
passant sable, dually ,gpfged or. By the name of How^jid 

Alden Arms — dules, a bezant between three crescents argv.iiL Nviihin a bordure 
engrailed ermine. 

Crest — :Out of 'et'cliical coronet per pale gules aii,d. sable, a demi-lion or. 



'.■'-; walls at each side 
isa Marsh Sayles, 
liS, children " 

/ on the wt 
Paris Sayles, soi 

•h C" Orn • 

. .:i F. Savlt 

ner of the 
died the 

Mr. " 



try. and the firm erected a chapel there, 
pursuing the same generous policy which 
they had followed at Moshassuck. 

Mr ^'iv'. s was prominently identified 
with the foremost business and 

financici] :;istitutions in the State of Rhode 
Island. He was president of the Slater 
National Panic of Pawtucket, and a direc- 
" the Third National Bank of Provi- 
.. T^'f \ > a large stockholder in 

num. icturing industries, and 

Slater Cotton Com- 
, .„ of which he was 

t^^^e'S^of '^^wft^^n^^iP ^rm^i^'^ ^'^a3%iJ¥fe:5fiV»tHhr^f^e- 
• ■'"'■ '^^,^^ 

•Jk^ pulpit: 
nie Nye 
. and Mary 
' "Benjamin 
and De- 
ll 1877 Wtl- 
r on the cor- 
memorial to his 

A few 

IS br. ' 
a lar.Q-e 

years later, 


and for 



> m 

-day in 

>ha.ssuck Bleachery, with 

neat ar- 

a ■■;)€ winding stream, 

chapel, the schoo 
>cnce of drinkirg H' - as Staten'kyS-jj 

^ a:\(1 efficient legislator. For maHyo^MifS£ 

the •^^^§)il<?fis^!«lv:i»tAif bt»«ai5 .ibdfwqHii4-jrfl8if<fi(Bitb-»ic Ahe,. fer-^stft^ ,^f\ the 

\ ment ■' ' sark 

.a^suc! ^^"^« ^^^iXSorffi Vf^^ ,^ 1 

;).TiibTo^ Ji f«<l4''^r-i^f?^8X^ j?.to;K)^3icirijD-rr^ LiS3Wp(kMjr£s:iii.(k {gb^mo-om^^i^^-iW^^^^ 

... T.S81. Savles Hall was.sAfrdntSFibaliiri^iiib 
' a- ^.^l£q T^^ tQ.^^^^^;, ^'#efeteF<tVt)f^1>bard 

dent c" ?tees of Brown University, and held 

:- until his death. May 7, 1894. In 

ij'cr days he served in the State 

1, and was lieutenant-colonel of the 

:.[t.'.- ' "t Light Guard. During the 

v.if'Vi ' r he gave earnest and loyal sup- 

the government, contributing 

m his wealth for many patriotic 

-72 he erected a beautiful man- 

ing the cities of Pawtucket 

■ ::€. Here he collected a fine 

Nev . - 
senior part; 
road, and hi, 
track great!} . 
tion of goods to 
and opened up : 
nite expatision • 
Woodlawn and the 
established an exteii 
Lorraine Mills, in P' 
dress goods of the fiii 
pTiMi'rb cashmeres. .Aii 
























/\T:ie7-.can msicniLai ^ucy 


a/r^' fp^M^MymAo^/t' 

^mMn-dmi^J cy^W<^ 


library and many works of art. He Avas 
fond of literature and the arts, and trav- 
eled extensively in this country and 
abroad. A contemporary wrote of him : 

Active and public-spirited as a citizen, upright, 
and honorable in all his dealings with his fellow- 
men, he won and retained the respect and confi- 
dence of the community in which he always resided. 
From the beginning of his business career, he 
believed in the principle of hard, persistent work 
and honesty of purpose as the only sure ground of 
success. Acting upon this belief he succeeded by 
his own unaided exertions in raising himself from 
the position of a clerk in a commercial house to 
the possessor of an ample fortune. Endowed with 
a sympathetic nature, and bestowing substantial 
aid where deserved, he strove always to make the 
applicant depend upon himself rather than on 
others. While from his door none were turned 
away empty, his charities were of the practical 
kind, and calculated to confer permanent aid, as 
well as to relieve present necessity. His convic- 
tions of right and duty were decided and firm, and 
uncompromisingly maintained, and though a posi- 
tive man, he viewed the faults of others with char- 
ity, his creed being, 

"That mercy I to others show 
That mercy show to me." 

He attended and generously contrib- 
uted to the work of the Central Cong-re- 
gational Church in Providence, but was 
not sectarian in his beliefs. 

William Francis Sayles married, Octo- 
ber 30, 1849, Mary Wilkinson Fessenden, 
who was born October 24, 1827, and died 
September 20, 1886. She was the daugh- 
ter of Hon. Benjamin Fessenden, of Val- 
ley Falls, Rhode Island, and Mary (Wil- 
kinson) Fessenden, his wife. Their chil- 
dren were : I. Mary Fessenden. 2. Louise 
Marsh. 3. William Clark. 4. Martha 
Freeman. 5. Frank Arthur, mentioned 
below. 6. Nancy Nye. 

(VIII) Frank Arthur Sayles, son of 
William Francis and Mary Wilkinson 
(Fessenden) Sayles, was born Decem- 
ber 14, 1866, in Pawtucket, Rhode 
Island. He was educated in prepar- 
atory schools, and wa.= graduated from 

Brown University in the class of 1890. 
He entered immediately into his father's 
bleaching industries, and devoted the 
period ensuing between his graduation 
and the death of William F. Sayles 
to learning the business in all its 
departments. On the death of his father, 
Frank A. Sayles inherited the Sayles Fin- 
ishing Plants at Saylesville and Phillips- 
dale, and the Moshassuck Valley railroad. 
He inaugurated at once the policy of ex- 
pansion and progressive development 
which within a short period made the 
Sayles bleaching industries the most noted 
of their kind in the world. He was a man 
of inventive as well as executive genius, 
and to the advancement of the Sayles 
industries brought the valuable gift of 
familiarity with mechanical and scientific 
affairs, as well as his ability as an organ- 
izer and director. Broad of vision, thor- 
oughly cognizant of every changing phase 
of the vast enterprises which he directed, 
devoting himself to his work with a sin- 
gleness and intentness of purpose which 
admitted of no distractions, he reared on 
the foundations laid by his father and 
uncle a business which has no peer in 
Europe or xA.merica to-day, and stands as 
a monument to his intellectual and crea- 
tive strength. 

His interests, although confined largely 
to the field of woolen and cotton manu- 
facture, were wide and diversified. Rhode 
Island industries which he operated and 
of which he was president included the 
Sayles Finishing Plants at Saylesville and 
Phillipsdale, above mentioned ; the Ham- 
let Textile Company of Woonsocket and 
Pawtucket; the Slater Yarn Company of 
Pawtucket ; and the River Spinning Com- 
pany of Woonsocket. He was president 
and principal stockholder of the Lorraine 
Manufacturing Company, and of the 
Slater Trust Company of Pawtucket. It 
has been estimated that fully ten thou- 



sand persons were employed in the plants 
which he controlled. Other business en- 
terprises in which he was heavily inter- 
ested were the French River Textile Com- 
pany of Mechanicsville, Connecticut, of 
which he was president, and the Ponemah 
Mills of Taftville, Connecticut, of which 
he was president and member of the 
board of directors. He was a director in 
the following corporations : The Black- 
stone Valley Gas and Electric Light Com- 
pany ; the Castner Electrolytic Company, 
director and vice-president ; the Chase Na- 
tional Bank, of New York City ; the Mos- 
hassuck Valley railroad ; the Norfolk 
Southern Railroad Company ; the Put- 
nam (Connecticut) Light and Power Com- 
pany ; United Gas and Electric Company ; 
and the Wauregan Mills. He rendered 
invaluable service along industrial lines 
throughout the World War. Part of his 
service was devoting his plants at Woon- 
socket, Valley Falls and Phillipsdale to 
the bleaching of cotton linter used in the 
manufacture of explosives ; the weekly 
output of these plants was 2,500,000 

Throughout his entire career, Mr. 
Sayles was a generous supporter of worth- 
while charities and benevolences, giving 
freely and liberally for the alleviation of 
suffering and for the advancement of the 
arts, education, religion, and civic inter- 
ests. His gifts to war charities were very 
great and were exceeded by no resident of 
Pawtucket. Other notable gifts made 
possible the Pawtucket Memorial Hospi- 
tal which Mr. Sayles erected and pre- 
sented to the city in memory of his 
mother and sister. He also endowed the 
Sayles Memorial Hospital with $75,000. 

Mr. Sayles was no seeker after public 
honors. His life, away from the cares of 
his great business interests, was essen- 
tially simple. He had no fraternal con- 
nections and cared little for social life. In 

his leisure hours he shunned the artificiali- 
ties and pretenses of modern life, revert- 
ing to the simple, homely interests and 
pleasures of the preceding generation. He 
was a lover of outdoor life and of horses. 
Of magnetic personality, brilliant in men- 
tality, yet unostentatious, he numbered 
among his friends some of the foremost 
men of the State and Nation, men who 
valued and loved him for the cultured, 
kindly gentleman and man of afifairs that 
he was. His funeral was carried out with 
the impressive and dignified seriousness 
and freedom from pomp and affectation 
with which he had lived his life. 

Mr. Sayles had a notable Colonial an- 
cestry, being descended from many of the 
early Rhode Island families, distinguished 
in the annals of the Colony. He traced 
his line from Roger Williams, the founder 
of Rhode Island, by six dififerent descents, 
through the Sayles, Winsor and Olney 
families. He was descended from Thomas 
Olney, one of the thirteen original proprie- 
tors of Providence Plantations, through 
three lines ; from John Whipple, com- 
mander of an expedition against the In- 
dians in King Philip's War, 1675-76, by 
four lines ; and from Thomas Angell and 
Joshua Winsor, two of the thirteen sign- 
ers of the first written compact of the 
Providence Plantations, by three lines 

The well known Field, Arnold, Jenckes, 
Mowry, Inman, Wickenden, Rhodes and 
Wilkinson names were also duplicated by 
the frequent intermarriages of that era. 
Other notable Rhode Island ancestry in- 
cluded the Hopkins, the Chad Brown, the 
Obadiah Holmes, the Harris, Barker, Ran- 
dall, Scott and Smith families, showing 
that the Sayles' family record was closely 
interwoven with a large part of early 
Rhode Island history. Through his ma- 
ternal ancestry, Mr. Sayles was descended 





terpnses • 




pany ■. 


■A-hich he was 


Mills of T ' 


he was ; 

of the 

'card of directors. 



a director in 


'^art of his 




. hile charities and b 





"! ' 

rrr;-'^ •( 

t?ll A 



- Lses of modt ■ .... 

ing to the simple, homely interests ana 
pleasures of the preceding generation. He 
was a lover of outdoor life and of horses. 
Of magnetic personality, brilliant in men- 
tality, yet unostentatious, he numbered 

among his •- some of the foremost 

men of th and Nation, men who 

ed him for the cultured, 

)f affairs that 

rried out with 

diEmified seriousness 


Afr. Sayles had a n-. 

of the 
• h^d 
hj IS, the. founder 

of at descents, 

tb; .ind ,01ney 

families. He was descended trom Thomas 
Olney, one of the thirteen original proprie- 
tors of Providence Plantations, through 
three lines ; from John Whipple, com- 
mander of an expedition against the In- 
dians in King Philip's War, 1675-76, by 
four lines ; and from Thomas Angell and 
Joshua Winsor, two of the thirteen sign- 
ers of the first written compact of the 
ience Plantations, by three lines 

The well known Field, Arnold, Jenckes, 

man, Wickenden, Rhodes and 

names were also duplicated by 

.■at intermarriages of that era, 

notable Rhode Island ances 

' - Chad Browii, tne 

arris, Barker, R?.rt- 

and Smith familie 

J iayles' family record was cioseiy 

.-■PTi -,vifh a large part of early 

Through his ma- 

^ayles was descended 


.bh'ii 'irli to ^.\n^-j?.')'t'j /ftBm «£ JriagTb 
li'in.: - ; , ,. „■• ■ 
oltr^ Jalbfiad b'IIb lavo '.gtrJ^B ses'f rrl >.Ii^nt -:;-/rt .lO— ^'(jwf^Vi \,\;)Q\At., . 
b'jg^'jl ,i)ii£ ba>lxj9<J ,7,o..b9^"'os YJIfioub ,3n9g7B nB//?. r. nav unworn b nO — \%rC) 

" ••'.-"; linl lined :; -^alnji 

33irff jImi^ 'rot^iipirfu <.v/r .lo-blrrB ainsB 3itJlKB nsyrr^-yimH ■»ovj\\'l\ 

.b3§nBfI'j79inno'j 'j^sd ni vnern 2b bciij iaisfafrffi ,i)al;|««pp a^oio 
':•)! li-rj/.-i i;iB nfi rltiv/ b^jg-rr.rfo .io bo^Ri') bfi^rl ^'nioyinn /.— \'f^-\'J 

'ainsB ifiU^o't'i 333aoi3 
.(•/rb ( a^rlw Ylrto j«>rrj,ff'. I i .\uunioui ir/iui '>uu'v,'o 'i\\ ^\— n\\r,Ar 

•' -: t.:- tv^, 

> ^^j^nssof g'jTdt ,. >.\u-\V. nh. 

. !o e>;4n:)X^ ■ri>Ior( i:9fu^ triBqrfijn noii-irnab /. — Voi j 

.J^. /# 



iVillianis . h'nts-^\y.u\\\ a lion ram|)ant surrounded Dynine pheons or. 

J.--LS .-.-let fitclnJe sabk 

lieau- erased 

Olncy Arlli^— Xrgei!; ^,n a fe-s between thret u.^-ls o 
as man\' crescents of the field. 

]]' hippie Arms — ^Sable, o\\ a c]le^r(ln betwi'-n three > 
arj^ent^! as many crescents of the field. 

.Inycll Anns — -.Or, five fusils in fess azure, over all a bendlet gules. 
Crest — ' >n ;i mimiit vert a swan argent, ducally gorged or, beaked and legged 

IVinsor Anns — \\v >.iltire azure and or. two cinquefoils in fe-s and three 
cross crossle.ts in chief and as many in base counterchanged. 

Crest — A luiicorns head, erased or. charged .with an annulet between four 
crosses crosslet azwre. 

Motto — Je lie ehanae iju'en iiioiiraiit. ( I change only wlien ] die). 

Freeman .Inns — .Xznre. three lozenges or. 

Crest — A cfettil-lion. rami)ant gules holding in the ^»Y^j?^i^''-dSC or. 

Motto — Lihrr ef (ik'dd'.v. ( Iree and bold I. ' '' 


Mullins Anus—.^^rtie, a cross moline or, quarter pierced of the field. 
Crest — A Saracen's head afifrontee couped below the shoulders proper, 
wreathed about the temples azure and or. 

Iiiman Anns — \ ert, on a chevron or, three roses gules, slipped and leaved 
of the first. 

Crest — On a mount vert, a wyvern proper ducally gorged and lined or. 

Steer e Arms — Per pale sable and gules, three lions passaut^ _a.ment . 

Crest — Out of-'^a mural crown per pale gules and sable, 'at^S^i^'s gamb erect 

argent, armed gules.- ^SP^^'^ 

Motto — Tu ne cede me. ( Yield not thou to me). -/^ i 

■ ' . l\ 

Rhodes .Irnis-^Argitnx. a lion passant guardant gules, between two acorns in 

bend azure, cotised ermine- .-^ "^^^^ 

nbil anr, h^', '' . :i branch of ar. " 1 1 ro^.££!_:^ 



. 3Hfss adrcfmi-t 3ri ^rlts^T// 

h'^vBal b-rrs !wqqii?. ,Ka[0:;^ ^.a^pi j^i/l^j^jip nqiyar^o js £tq ^Ji^V— ,avu-«K uujuu\ 

Jn-jg-tjs .HtfiB^sq ^noil asiTfU ^ialfj^ bnjs, ^Idfi?. slsq i9,4~'a«nV- ■a'^'i'i^?- 

.«alLf§ barrns .Jna^iB 

•"'i', ( 

.' VMi oJ »oH} toil I'.Ji >' ; .^VM )u'iT^MH'^-^-^OW'0\lt:'W 

j|. .23nirm3 ba^hoo ,3iusb briad 

. . ' ^^ ''^ ^tnge or. 


WW '^ ^Si 





from John Howland and John Tilley of 
the "Mayflower." 

Cape ancestry of note included the 
Newcomb, Bourne, Skiff, Chipman, Free- 
man, Otis, Bacon, Russell and Mayo 
families, while other Massachusetts lines 
included the Colton, Marshfield, Chapin, 
Johnson, Marsh, Wilson, Hobart, Adams, 
Wright, Moody and Collins families. 
Branches straying into Connecticut were 
the Rev. Thomas Hooker, the Newton 
and Talcott lines. 

Members of all of these families per- 
formed distinguished Colonial service. 
Indeed, it is worthy of notice that Mr. 
Sayles claimed over eighty Colonial an- 
cestors, whose services have been recog- 
nized and entered in the different heredi- 
tary societies, three of whom were Colo- 
nial Governors, or Presidents. 

He was a member of the Rhode Island 
Society of Colonial Wars, by right of such 
services, and although he was not affiliated 
with the Sons of the American Revolu- 
tion, he claimed six Revolutionary heroes. 

Frank Arthur Sayles married, June 9, 
1892, Mary Dorr Ames, daughter of Com- 
mander Sullivan Dorr Ames, of the 
United States Navy, and Mary Townsend 
(Bullock) Ames, his wife. (See Ames). 
They were the parents of the following 
children: i. Mary Ames, born October 
13, 1893; married Neville Jay Booker, of 
New York, June 8, 1918; one child, Mary 
Sayles, born January i, 1921. 2. Martha 
Freeman, born July 18, 1896; married 
Paul Coe Nicholson, of Providence, June 
23, 1917; they have two children: Paul 
Coe Nicholson, Jr., born October 12, 1918, 
and Martha Sayles Nicholson, born Octo- 
ber 5, 1922. 3. William Francis, born 
April 23, 1901, died March 21, 1902. 4. 
Nancy, born April 12, 1905. 5. Hope, 
born February 21, 1907. 

Mrs. Sayles resides at "Saleholme," the 
Sayles mansion, in Pawtucket. Frank A. 
Mass- -11 — 14 209 

Sayles died in New York City, March 9, 
1920, at the home of his daughter, Mrs. 
Neville Jay Booker. 

AMES, Sullivan Dorr 

The family of Ames is said to have been 
originally of Bruton in Somersetshire, 
England* Here a certain John Ames, or 
Amyas, the first progenitor of whom there 
seems to be positive knowledge, was 
buried in the year 1560. Some of his de- 
scendants eventually came to America in 
1638 and 1640, and settled in Duxbury 
and Braintree, Massachusetts, and later 
removed to Bridgewater. 

With this Duxbury and Bridgewater 
family, the Providence Ames have no 
known connection. Whether the Provi- 
dence line actually traces back to John 
Ames, of Bruton in Somersetshire, yet re- 
mains to be proved. Judge Samuel Ames, 
of Providence, Chief Justice of the Su- 
preme Court of Rhode Island, was fifth 
in descent from Robert Ames, of Andover 
and Boxford, Massachusetts. 

Anns — Argent, on a bend cottised between two 
annulets sable, a quatrefoil between two roses of 
the field. 

Crest — A rose argent slipped and leaved proper, 
in front thereof an annulet or. 

Motto — Fama Candida rosa dulcior. 

(I) Robert Ames probably came from 
Boxford, England. He settled in Box- 
ford, Massachusetts, and undoubtedly re- 
sided near the Andover line, as several of 
the births of his oldest children are re- 
corded on the Andover town records. His 
home estate was in the West Parish. He 
was one of the committee chosen by the 
town of Rowley and the village of Rowley 
(afterwards Boxford), to establish the 
dividing line between the two towns, 
July, 1685. In December, 1689, he was 

♦The early spelling of the name was Eames. 
Also found Ernes, Emms, Emmes, Eamms, and 


one of those chosen to meet with the 
Topsfield committee to settle the line be- 
tween that town and Boxford. This com- 
mittee evidently did not accomplish its 
object, as another committee was ap- 
pointed for the same purpose in March, 
1695. In 1692 Robert Ames, Sen., was 
selectman for Boxford. 

Robert Ames married, in 1661, Rebecca 
Blake, eldest daughter of George Blake, 
of Gloucester, Massachusetts, who after- 
wards settled in Boxford. In 1692 she 
was arrested as a witch and condemned, 
but after seven months' imprisonment she 
was included in the general reprieve of 
July 22, 1693, a strong reaction and pro- 
test against the amazing and incredible 
superstition of those days having set in. 
A full account of her trial is given in the 
"History of Boxford, Massachusetts" 
(1880), by Sidney Perley, pp. 120-123. 
Robert and Rebecca (Blake) Ames had 
eight children, of whom the third was 
Robert, mentioned below. 

(II) Robert (2) Ames, son of Robert 
(i) and Rebecca (Blake) Ames, was born 
February 28, 1667-68, in Andover, Massa- 
chusetts. He married, April 20, 1694, in 
Boxford, Bethiah Gatchell, of "Seconke," 
of whose parentage nothing is known. 
Robert Ames was a husbandman and 
lived in Boxford, where two children were 
born. He resided in Boston between 
1695 and 1700, where the births of three 
children are recorded. The first child on 
the Boston records was Samuel, through 
whom the line descends. The actual date 
of death of Robert Ames has not been 

(III) Samuel Ames, son of Robert (2) 
and Bethiah (Gatchell) Ames, was born 
in Boston, Massachusetts, February 24, 
1695. He was a resident of Andover by 
1719, where a child by his first wife, Abi- 
gail (SpofTord) Ames, of Rowley, was 
born. She died June 25, 1719, and he mar- 

ried (second), January 13, 1720-21, Han- 
nah Stevens, of Andover. 

Samuel Ames was in Lexington in 1722, 
when he bought land; at Natick by 1729, 
where a child was born ; at Andover again 
by 1734; and at Groton by 1756. He was 
a housewright, also called "yeoman" in 
some of the deeds. He died between the 
date of his will, February 13, 1782, and 
April 20, 1784, when it was probated. His 
wife was living in 1782, but the date of 
her death has not been ascertained. 

(IV) Nathan Ames, son of Samuel and 
Hannah (Stevens) Ames, was born in Na- 
tick, Massachusetts, April 27, 1729. He 
was a resident of Andover and of Groton, 
Massachusetts. He was called "of West- 
ford" in 1791, but he probably lived in the 
extreme eastern part of Groton, next to 
the Westford line. 

Nathan Ames married (first), in Gro- 
ton, April 19, 1763, Deborah Bowers, 
daughter of Samuel and Deborah (Farns- 
worth) Bowers, of Groton. She was born 
in Groton, September 2, 1746, and died 
there, April 8, 1782, and he afterwards 
married again. He died March 7, 1791, 
aged sixty-one years, in Groton. By his 
first wife he had nine children, of whom 
the second was Samuel, mentioned below. 

(V) Samuel (2) Ames, son of Nathan 
and Deborah (Bowers) Ames, was born 
in Groton, Massachusetts, February 7, 
1766. He married, in Boston, Massachu- 
setts, September 8, 1801, Anne Checkley, 
born August 13, 1785, in Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania, daughter of John Webb 
and Anne (Bickerf) Checkley, of Phila- 
delphia. John Webb Checkley was on 
Governor Mifflin's staflf (Pennsylvania) 
during the Revolution. He belonged to 
one of the old Puritan families, whose 
members took a prominent part in the 
early Colonial history of Massachusetts. 
The original form of the name is asserted 

tName also found "Bichler" and "Biehler." 


brifi ie»( 


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IS- ».-»I.H«f 

Cloi'llj»l^-iiis--i BnlliTk) Ci\^^, a c]^e^r')n c .irWcr . Uills" heads, 

cabossed j^rgent, armed or. 

Crest' — Five Locbaber axes sniile. encircled by ,i riblum or. 
' ' ^tto—.\iI conscire sibi. 

.!hr.\ Anns — Or, a turret in chief and^fiQ^s keys in base proper. 

linstoii Anns — F^er chevron sanies and ©r.^tftree sen-dragons, dncall} crowned. 
counterchanged. H' . „ ; 

Coyycshall Arms — Argent, a cio^s between 'four c,>^3oj)? sable". 
Crest — 'A stag lodged, sable, attired or. 

Borden Arms — ^^.Azure. ;i chevron engrailed, ei nnue, two boi^ilens i>r pilgrims' 
staves proper in chief and a crosslet in base or. ' '"^^ ' 

Crest — .A lion rampant al)ove a scroll argent on its sinister foot holding a 
battle-axe proper, 

Motto— Paltiurv, 'HUH. 

Pcdrcc Aruii^^Mpi,, on a bend cotised or. an annulet -^able. 

C' ' ''mi-j^elii^an or, vulning herself proper, crowned .:..;ides. 


Fenner AriiTs — Vert, on a cross argent, between four eagles displayed of the 
second a cross foitnee guks. ^ 

Crest — An es&e dismayed argent, niembered or. 

U'lifrnttau .WviS-~:;^\}]^§l[^CK argent an'^ ?:::'-'i-- 


a chief or four niulle'-^ of the 

Tew Arms — Argent, three' pallr- _ 

Crc.H — -A spur^t-owl^ between *' ^ "/'ure. 

Peckhaiii-Anns — Ermine, a diief quarter'y f r and^iiles. 
Crc.9f-VAn ostrich proper. '^' a V ' ' ^^ 

Motto-^Tentonda zia est. T'£^ T 4- v A -I'A ■I'^ 

IVeeden Arms — Argent. t\^o bars gules, in 6|ii^\IihI^ee B|(artj|^ts,^sabl( 
Crest — A martlet sable, ,. * * 

Motto — Cre^p/and Spe/mca Christus. 

Greene Anns — ^^tire. three bucks tri]:)pai! r. 

Crest — A bucl^'s head or. -~«, ...- 

Motto — Virti^ ^'ff^t'r viridis. ^0C^fl 



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rid 39irfj ,-jif' 









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srij i> irn-jb b ^^atnp iR'tum b to jnO — Hi'i'O 

in n riprn bn£ bsmiB ^i^^h 

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Wiik'mson .Irms — A7iii», ;i less erminois btuv^en three uniconi^ passant \ 

argent,^ j 

:6Ve^/— Out uf a mural crcnvn gules a demi-unicorn erminois erased of the ; 

tirst, armed and maned or. ; 

Motto^^e-C rege nee populo, sed utroque. \ 


Hopkins Arms — Sable, on a chevron between three pistols or, three roses 

Crest — A tower sable, in flames proper. 
Motto — Piety is peace. 

Arnold Al^.ms-rr^^les. a chevron ermine between three.'i>h^ons or. 
Crest — A demirlion rampant gules, holding a lozenge qr|'>£i*i>;, 
^Tnffn — Mihi gloria rcssum. ■ - 

J Illy rt'nis — Argent, a wyvern with wings ^indorsed sable. 
Crest — The head of a battle-ax issuing from the wreath. 



Bullock Anns — Gulfs, a chevron ermine between three bulls' heads cabossed 
argent, armed or. ? " 

Crest — 'Ei'Ye Lochaber axt- -able, encircled by a riljliun or. 
M otto-^ii 'coHscire sibi. 

ToivnsendArms — Azure, a chevron ermine between three escallop? or. 
Cre^f— A stag strippant proper. 

Richmond Arms — Argent,,^ dross patonce aziire between four mullets gules. 
Crest — A tilting spear headed or, broken in- three parts, one piece erect, the 
other two in saltire,, enfiled witha ducal coronet of the last. 
Motto — Resolve well and persevere. 

Winthrop Arms — Argent, three chevrons crenellee gulcs, over all a lion ram- 
pant sable, armed and langued azure. 

Crest — A hare proper running on a mount vert. 

Gorton Arms—Gu\ts, ten billets or. a chief indented of the lahi. 
Crest — A goat's head erased argent, ducall y gorged or. 

' Harris Arins^Or, three hedgehogs azure. 
Crest — A hedgehog or. 


3r(J .fj^iD ;i<jt(f -jni) .-..t,;;j 33TrIi i;tr n9> ,io babfiarl iB^qs gniJli) A — UmO 

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, Hi iwiiics proper. 

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li-Lodae !^7^y?9icceo <.9^Me/^y- 


to be Chichele, which passed through 
many modifications until the present form 
of Checkley, as used by the emigrant ances- 
tor, Colonel Samuel Checkley, of Boston, 
and was finally established in America. 
Colonel Samuel Checkley was born at Pres- 
ton Capes, England, October 14, 1653. 
He came to America, arriving in Boston, 
August 3, 1670. Here he married, in 1680, 
Mary Scottow, daughter of Ensign Joshua 
Scottow, and became the progenitor of 
the American family of his name. 

Samuel Ames removed to Providence 
with his brother, Asa, where they were 
shopkeepers. On March 11, 1795, a peti- 
tion is recorded in Middlesex county, 
Massachusetts, Probate Files, wherein 
Samuel and Asa Ames, of Providence, 
shopkeepers, acknowledge a receipt of 
money from the estate of their grand- 
father, Samuel Bowers. (See ante under 
Nathan Ames), 

The children of Samuel and Anne 
(Checkley) Ames were : i. Samuel, men- 
tioned below. 2. John Checkley. 3. John 
Checkley. 4. Frank. 5. William. 6. Ann 
Checkley. 7. Sophia Bichler (or Biehler). 
8. Elizabeth Lothrop. 

(VI) Hon. Samuel (3) Ames, of Prov- 
idence, son of Samuel (2) and Anne 
(Checkley) Ames, was born there, Sep- 
tember 6, 1806. He received his early 
education in Providence, after which he 
was prepared for college at Phillips (An- 
dover) Academy, Massachusetts. Enter- 
ing Brown University, he pursued his 
studies with distinction, and was gradu- 
ated in the class of 1823, at the age of 
seventeen years. Among the classmates 
of Judge Ames at Brown were : Judge 
Edward Mellen, of Massachusetts ; Wil- 
liam R. Watson ; George Prentice, of the 
"Louisville Journal ;" and Dr. Henry Sey- 
mour Fearing, of Providence. 

After his graduation, Samuel Ames im- 
mediately entered upon the study of law 

in the office of the Hon. S. W. Bridgham, 
also attending for a year the lectures 
delivered by Judge Gould at the law 
school in Litchfield, Connecticut. In 1826 
he was admitted to the Rhode Island bar, 
and opened an office in Providence, Rhode 
Island, where he at once began the prac- 
tice of his profession. He soon became 
well known as an able advocate, and his 
fluency and earnestness of style gained 
for him a wide reputation as a popular 
orator. In political compaigns he was a 
most effective speaker, and in the exciting 
times of 1842 and 1843, when political 
affairs in Rhode Island were undergoing 
a tremendous upheaval, his voice was con- 
spicuous and frequently heard. He be- 
came quartermaster-general of the State 
in 1842, and served also in the City 
Council. He was a member of the Gen- 
eral Assembly for many years. His influ- 
ence throughout the entire period of dis- 
turbance was most marked and beneficial 
to his native State, being always staunch 
and firm on the side of law and order. In 
1844 and 1845 ^^ was elected speaker of 
the Assembly, and became prominent as 
a leader in all debates. His practice, 
which was a most successful one, was 
wide and far-reaching, extending into the 
Federal courts and winning for him dis- 
tinguished honors and emolument. 

In 1853 he was appointed by the Legis- 
lature as State representative, to adjust 
the boundary between Rhode Island and 
Massachusetts ; and in 1855 he was one of 
the commissioners for revising the stat- 
utes of Rhode Island, the work being con- 
ducted chiefly under his supervision and 
finished in 1857. In 1855 he received also 
his degree of LL. D., and in May, 1856, 
the year following, he was elected by the 
General Assembly to the office of chief 
justice of the Supreme Court, being ap- 
pointed at the same time reporter of the 
court. His Reports, contained in the four 



volumes, IV to VII, inclusive, are "re- 
markable for their clearness, their learn- 
ing, and their conformity to the settled 
principles of jurisprudence," and remain 
as a monument to the ability and industry 
of their author. 

He was also the author, the collabora- 
tion with Joseph K. Angell, of an elabo- 
rate treatise, entitled "Ang-ell and Ames 
on Corporations," which has ever since 
been regarded as a standard work on cor- 
porations and has passed through many 
editions. In i86i Judge Ames was one 
of the delegates from Rhode Island to 
the Peace Convention held in Washing- 
ton, before the outbreak of the Civil War, 
the other members of the delegation being 
William H. Hoppin, Samuel G. Arnold, 
George H. Browne, and Alexander Dun- 
can. It was, however, by his labors on 
the bench and his rare qualities as an 
accomplished lawyer and erudite judge 
that his name will be preserved to pos- 

Judge Ames held the office of chief jus- 
tice of the State of Rhode Island, to which 
he had been appointed in 1856, for a 
period of nine years, covering the trou- 
blous times of the Civil War, and on No- 
vember 15, 1865, owing to failing health, 
he was constrained to tender his resigna- 
tion. He died a few months afterward, 
very suddenly, in Providence, the city of 
his birth and center of his life's activities, 
December 20, 1865, having but recently 
entered upon his sixtieth year. He was 
a man no less distinguished for his social 
qualities than for his legal and political 
services, and for his excellence as a man of 
learning and letters. He was a contribu- 
tor to the New England Historic-Genea- 
logical Society, of which he was elected a 
corresponding member in 1845, ^^^ i" 
whose cause he manifested keen interest. 

Judge Ames married, June 27, 1839, 
Mary Throop Dorr, a daughter of Sulli- 

van and Lydia (Allen) Dorr, of Provi- 
dence, and sister of Thomas Wilson Dorr, 
leader of the famous rebellion of 1842 
(see Dorr), during which Judge Ames, 
notwithstanding the connection, distin- 
guished himself by his patriotism and wis- 
dom of conduct, standing always on the 
side of the constitution. It may be said of 
his wife's brother, however, who, though 
subversive of law and order, was a bril- 
liant and accomplished man even before 
his leadership of the suffragist party, that, 
"but for the menace of civil war the suf- 
frage would never have been extended," 
and made universal as it was in 1843, ^t 
the close of the brief and easily sup- 
pressed rebellion. Thomas Wilson Dorr, 
convicted of high treason, was pardoned 
within three years, and finally restored to 
his civil rights in 1852 ; time dealt leni- 
ently with him after all. 

Judge Ames, who was survived by his 
widow, left four sons and one daughter. 
Two other children died in infancy. Two 
of these sons became prominent figures in 
public affairs, and distinguished them- 
selves in both military and civil life. 
Their children were: i. Sullivan Dorr, 
mentioned below. 2. Colonel William 
Ames, born in Providence, the old home 
of the family, was a short time before his 
father's death in command of the heavy 
artillery, and served with much honor in 
the campaigns of Virginia and South Car- 
olina during the Civil War, attaining the 
rank of colonel. He was a graduate of 
Brown University in the class of 1863, and 
received the degree of A. M. by special 
vote in 1891. He was a leading manufac- 
turer in Providence, having been con- 
nected with Allen's Print Works for the 
four years subsequent to the Civil War; 
he was also interested in many large en- 
terprises, and was an officer and director 
in several. He was a member of the 
Rhode Island House of Representatives, 


,^n^a/m// .y/Ji/r^-o^i^ ( '^^^/^?y J^--'// 


617^^1^ ^l/rH/f-n^emd 




and was a leading- Republican, and be- 
longed to a number of clubs both in Prov- 
idence and New York. Colonel Ames 
married (first) Harriette Fletcher Orms- 
bee, of Providence; (second) Anne Ives 
Carrington, widow of Gamaliel Lyman 
Dwight, of Providence. 3. Edward C, 
a well-known lawyer of Providence, now 
deceased. 4. Mary Bernon, wife of Wil- 
liam Gordon Reed, of Cowesett. 5. Sam- 
uel, Jr., prominent Providence lawyer, 
now deceased. 

(VII) Commander Sullivan Dorr Ames, 
son of Judge Samuel and Mary Throop 
(Dorr) Ames, was born in Providence, 
Rhode Island, July 16, 1840. He served 
with distinction with the Rhode Island 
troops during the Civil War, rising to the 
rank of lieutenant. In 1865 he was com- 
missioned as an executive officer of the 
"Colorado," attached in that year to the 
Mediterranean squadron. From this time 
until shortly before his death, November 
22, 1880, he was active and prominent in 
United States naval affairs. 

Commander Sullivan Dorr Ames mar- 
ried, February 21, 1870, Mary Townsend 
Bullock, daughter of William Peckham 
Bullock, of Providence, and Phila Feke 
(Townsend) Bullock, of Newport, his 
wife. Their children were: i. Mary 
Dorr, born January 16, 1871, who became 
the wife of the late Frank A. Sayles, of 
Pawtucket. (See Sayles VIII). 2. Sulli- 
van Dorr, born January 5, 1878, died Feb- 
ruary 22, 1903. 

The Ames line thus runs back from 
Mrs. Frank A. Sayles as follows : (VIII) 
Mary Dorr (Ames) Sayles, of Providence 
and Pawtucket. (VII) Sullivan Dorr 
Ames, of Providence. (VI) Hon. Sam- 
uel (3) Ames, of Providence. (V) 
Samuel (2) Ames, of Groton, Massachu- 
setts, and Providence, Rhode Island. 
(IV) Nathan Ames, of Andover and 
Groton, Massachusetts. (HI) Samuel 

Ames, of Boston, Andover, Lexington, 
Natick, and also of Groton, Massachu- 
setts. (II) Robert (2) Ames, of An- 
dover, Boxford and Boston, Massachu- 
setts. (I) Robert Ames, of Andover and 
Boxford, Massachusetts. 

Turning from the direct Ames descent, 
many interesting Colonial lines are found 
in the ancestry of Mrs. Frank A. Sayles. 

In common with her husband she traces 
descent from many prominent Rhode 
Island families, touching Mr. Sayles' an- 
cestry on a number of lines, as the Whip- 
ple, Smith, Barker, Holmes, Angell and 
Field families. 

A line replete with historical associa- 
tions is that of Dorr. There is no other 
name in Rhode Island history which has 
more dramatic interest. The family is not 
one of the founder families of Rhode 
Island, although closely allied by mar- 
riage with several of the most influential 
and notable in the State, but the name is 
written indelibly for all time, not only in 
the history of the State but of the nation, 
through the immortal deeds of Thomas 
Wilson Dorr, the apostle of civil equality 
and universal manhood suffrage. 

(The Dorr Line). 

(I) The Dorr family was founded in 
Massachusetts about 1670, settling in 
Roxbury, Massachusetts. The first of 
whom anything is definitely known was 
Edward Dorr, who swore fidelity at Pem- 
aquid in 1674, and from there removed to 
Boston and Roxbury. He died in Rox- 
bury, February 9, 1733-34. 

(II) Ebenezer Dorr, son of Edward 
Dorr, was born in Roxbury, Massachu- 
setts, January 25, 1687-88, and continued 
to reside there. He was ensign by 1726- 
1727, and captain of militia in 1732. He 
married (first), February 16, 1709-10, 
Mary Boardman, of Cambridge, daughter 
of Aaron Boardman and wife Mary. He 



died in Roxbury, February 25, 1760, aged 
seventy-two years. 

(III) Ebenezer (2) Dorr, son of Ebene- 
zer (i) and Mary (Boardman) Dorr, was 
born February 2, 1712-13, in Roxbury, 
Massachusetts. He married, March 5, 
1735, Amy Plympton, of Medfield, daugh- 
ter of Lieutenant Joseph and Priscilla 
(Partridge) Plympton. He served in the 
Revolutionary War as a member of the 
Committee of Correspondence and Safety. 
He died in Roxbury, August 8, 1782, in 
his seventieth year, and was buried in the 
Eustis Street Cemetery, the first burial 
place in Roxbury, where his father also 
was interred. 

Ebenezer and Amy (Plympton) Dorr 
had thirteen children, of whom one son 
died in infancy. Seven of their sons 
served in the Revolution, one son dying 
in Mill Prison. 

(IV) Ebenezer (3) Dorr, son of Ebene- 
zer (2) and Amy (Plympton) Dorr, was 
born in Roxbury, Massachusetts, March 
20, 1738-39. He became a character of 
picturesque importance in the history of 
the early days of the American Revolu- 
tion. On the same night that Paul Revere 
struck out on his midnight ride to Lex- 
ington and Concord across Cambridge 
Common, Ebenezer Dorr, mounted on a 
jogging old horse with saddle bags dan- 
gling behind him, and with his face con- 
cealed by a large flapping hat, looking 
very much like a country doctor, or in- 
deed a peddler (as he was afterwards 
mentioned in history), rode out over Bos- 
ton Neck, through Roxbury and Lexing- 
ton, rousing the country folks up and "To 
Arms." He reached Lexington at the 
same time as his compatriot, Paul Revere, 
bearing dispatches from General Warren 
that the British were on the way to 
destroy military stores at Concord. Soon 
after leaving Rev. Jonas Clark's house in 
Lexington, Dorr and Revere were cap- 

tured by a reconnoitering party of British, 
but alarmed by the ringing of the coun- 
try church bells, the enemy released them, 
and the two patriots dashed on to Con- 
cord. (See article on Sullivan Dorr, "The 
Biographical Cyclopedia of Representa- 
tive Men of Rhode Island," Providence, 

Ebenezer Dorr married (first), January 
7, 1762, Abigail Cunningham, of Bos- 
ton, daughter of William and Elizabeth 
(Wheeler) Cunningham. He was a resi- 
dent of Boston at the time of the birth of 
his son, Sullivan, mentioned below. 

(V) Sullivan Dorr, son of Ebenezer (3) 
and Abigail (Cunningham) Dorr, was 
born in Boston, Massachusetts, October 
20, 1778. At about twenty years of age he 
went to Canton, China, where he engaged 
in mercantile pursuits, and amassed a con- 
siderable fortune. Returning to his native 
country, he took up his residence in Prov- 
idence, Rhode Island, in 1805, where be- 
tween 1809-10 he built the "Dorr Man- 
sion," now one of the historic landmarks 
of Providence. We are told that he was 
a man of remarkable system, punctilious 
in all his engagements, industrious and 
prudent, of the highest integrity, and of 
scrupulous fidelity to all his obligations. 
He did not flatter, he did not deceive. 
After devoting many years to mercantile 
pursuits, he was chosen, in 1838, to suc- 
ceed Hon. Richard Jackson as president 
of the Washington Insurance Company. 
Twenty years of his life were devoted to 
the interests of this corporation, which, 
under his faithful administration, achieved 
success, and eventually took the highest 
rank among institutions of a similar char- 
acter in Providence. He was a trustee of 
Brown University from 18 13 to the end of 
his life. 

Sullivan Dorr died in Providence, 
March 3, 1858. *'No man among us," said 
the "Providence Journal," "enjoyed or 


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deserved a hig-her reputation for the ster- 
ling qualities that make up a manly char- 
acter. Inflexibly honest, courteous in his 
manners, kind in his feelings, he was re- 
spected by all who knew him, and beloved 
by all who knew him well." 

Sullivan Dorr married, October 14, 
1804, Lydia Allen, daughter of Zachariah 
and Ann (Crawford) Allen, of Provi- 
dence. Their children were : i. Thomas 
Wilson, 1805-54, previously mentioned. 
2. Allen. 3. Ann Allen, married Moses 
Brown Ives. 4. Mary Throop, mentioned 
below. 5. Sullivan Dorr. 6. Candace 
Crawford, married Edward Carrington. 7. 
Henry Crawford. 

(VI) Mary Throop Dorr, daughter of 
Sullivan and Lydia (Allen) Dorr, and sis- 
ter of Thomas Wilson Dorr, was born Oc- 
tober 16, 181 1, and died February 14, 1869. 
She married, June 27, 1839, Hon. Samuel 
(3) Ames, of Providence. (See Ames 

The family lines of Fenner, Waterman, 
Bernon, Harris, Tew, Bullock, Richmond, 
Peckham, Weeden, Greene, Clarke, Almy. 
Easton, Coggeshall, Borden, Pearce and 
Gorton, from whom Mrs. Frank A. Sayles 
can claim descent, are all worthy of men- 
tion, but the achievements of these fami- 
lies are too well-known matters of Rhode 
Island history to need especial mention in 
this chronicle. 

Mrs. Sayles is descended from eleven of 
the "Mayflower" Pilgrims, through the 
Bullock, Bosworth and Richmond connec- 
tions on her mother's side; namely: John 
Howland, John Tilley and daughter, Eliz- 
abeth (from whom, also, Mr. Sayles was 
descended), John (i) Billington and wife, 
Eleanor, Francis (2) Billington, Thomas 
Rogers, John Alden, William Mullins and 
wife, Alice, with his daughter, Priscilla, 
who became the wife of John Alden. 

She is a descendant in the sixth genera- 
tion from Gabriel Bernon, a French Prot- 

estant Refugee from La Rochelle, France, 
whose pedigree can be traced in a direct 
line to Raoul de Bernon, of La Rochelle, 
who married, about 1300, Charlotte de 
Tailmont, and claimed descent from the 
Dukes of Burgundy. 

A curious and distinctly interesting an- 
cestry comes through the Webb family on 
the maternal line of Judge Samuel (3) 

The Webb family goes back to Sir 
Alexander Webb, of Gloucestershire, Eng- 
land, born 1474, a general in the armies of 
Kings Henry VII and VIII. 

His first child was Henry Webb, who 
married the daughter of Sir Robert Ar- 
den, of Warwickshire, England. From 
them descended Christopher Webb, of 
Braintree, who came to this country 
before 1645, the emigrant ancestor of all 
the Webbs in America. 

The third child of Sir Alexander Webb 
was Abigail, who married Richard Shake- 
speare, the grandfather of William Shake- 
speare, the greatest of English poets and 
dramatists. This is a side issue, but pos- 
sesses interest. 

The mother of Christopher Webb, the 
emigrant, was Mary (Wilson) Webb, 
daughter of Sir Thomas Wilson, who had 
a most distinguished career. Born 1525, 
he was educated at Eton and Kings Col- 
lege, Cambridge, and became private 
tutor to the sons of the Duke of Suffolk. 
In 1553 he withdrew to the Continent 
upon the accession of Queen Mary, who 
ordered him to return to England to be 
tried as a heretic. This he refused to do 
and was arrested and imprisoned and tor- 
tured by the Inquisition at Rome, but was 
released upon the death of the Pope, when 
the populace broke open the prison of 
the Inquisition. Later he returned to 
England and became private secretary to 
Queen Elizabeth, upon her accession to 



the throne in 1558. He was member of 
Parliament in 1563, ambassador to the 
Netherlands, 1576, privy councillor and 
Secretary of State, 1577, and dean of Dur- 
ham, 1579-80. He died June 16, 1581, in 

Other interesting genealogical lines 
lead to Long Island and Connecticut and 
bring into view the Feake, Fones and Un- 
derbill families. 

Of the former, Lieutenant Robert Feke 
was the most noted representative, being 
an historic founder of Massachusetts Bay 
Colony, afterwards removing to Green- 
wich, Connecticut. His wife was Eliza- 
beth (Fones) Winthrop, widow of Henry 
Winthrop, of London, her cousin. The 
mother of Elizabeth Fones was Anna 
Winthrop, sister of Governor John Win- 
throp, of Massachusetts. 

Another ancestor who took an impor- 
tant part in Colonial afifairs was Captain 
John Underbill, who resided successively 
in Boston, Massachusetts, Dover, New 
Hampshire, Stamford, Connecticut, and 
at various towns on Long Island. He 
also was an historic founder of Massachu- 
setts Bay Colony, 1630, and was governor 
of Dover and Exeter, New Hampshire, 
1641. Under the government of Nieuw 
Netherland he became one of the "Eight 
Men" in 1645. 

The father of Captain John Underbill 
was John Underbill, of England, a soldier 
under Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester- 
shire, accompanying him to the Nether- 
lands in the war against Spain, 1585. 

It would be too long a task to mention 
the names of all those from whom Mrs. 
Sayles claims descent, whose Colonial 
services, both civil and military, entitled 
them to honorary recognition by the 
hereditary societies. 

By virtue of such services, Mrs. Sayles 
is a member of the National Society of 
Colonial Dames in the State of Rhode 

Island and Providence Plantations, of the 
Society of Mayflower Descendants in the 
same, of the Hereditary Order of De- 
scendants of Colonial Governors, and of 
the Daughters of the American Revolu- 

ROBBINS, George Washington 

A resident of Springfield, Massachu- 
setts, since he was a lad of nineteen years, 
George Washington Robbins, who is sole 
trustee of the George W. Robbins & Sons 
Company, a trust concern which deals ex- 
tensively in lumber and real estate, has 
taken an active part in the growth and 
development of the city. 

The Robbins family is an old one in 
New England, several representatives of 
the name having been among the pioneer 
settlers of the various colonies which were 
first planted in that region. The records 
show that Nicholas Robbins was a resi- 
dent of Duxbury, Massachusetts, as early 
as 1638, and that he was a proprietor of 
Bridgewater, though he never lived there. 
William Robbins, thought to have been 
of Scotch ancestry, settled in Reading, 
Massachusetts, when a young man. He 
and others of Reading and of other towns 
in the eastern part of the colony took part 
in the movement against the Nipmuck 
Indians in the vicinity of Webster and 
Douglas, Massachusetts, where many of 
his descendants afterward lived. For 
their services the soldiers were given a 
tract of land eight miles square, of which 
William Robbins received his share. 
After the war he located at Lynn-end, 
now Lynnfield, Massachusetts, but after- 
ward went to Dedham, Massachusetts, in 
the "Mill Dividend," later the town of 
Walpole, where many of his descendants 
have lived. Richard Robbins, who was 
born in England, settled early at Charles- 
town, Massachusetts, his brother Nich- 
olas, mentioned above, settling at Cam- 


'^X// M^ 


bridge before he removed to Duxbury, 
Massachusetts. Richard Robbins and his 
wife, Rebecca, were admitted to the 
Charlestown church, May 24, 1640, after- 
ward moving to Boston, from which 
place they again returned to Cambridge, 
settling on the south side of the river 
until about 1673, when he removed to the 
center of the village on the Crackbone 
place. From these immigrant ancestors 
have descended numerous worthy citizens 
who have taken an active part in the civic, 
social, political, and economic develop- 
ment of the country. Other members of 
the family came at later dates, and among 
these was the great-grandfather of George 
W. Robbins, who came from England and 
located in Boston, where his son, Samuel 
Robbins, was born about 1793. 

Samuel Robbins, grandfather of George 
W. Robbins, removed from Boston to 
Stark, New Hampshire, and died there 
about 1883, aged ninety years. He was 
a farmer during the greater part of his 
life. He married Hannah Rowell, of 
Stark, New Hampshire, and they were 
the parents of six children : Perry ; Dan- 
iel S., of whom further; Abigail, Susan, 
Judith, and Charlotte. 

Daniel S. Robbins, son of Samuel and 
Hannah (Rowell) Robbins, was born in 
Stark, New Hampshire, October 4, 1834. 
He received his education in the public 
schools of his native district, and upon 
the outbreak of the Civil War enlisted in 
Company E, 14th Regiment, New Hamp- 
shire Volunteers, with which company he 
participated in many battles, being 
wounded while in service. After the war 
he went to Canada, where he engaged in 
lumbering and building, in which busi- 
ness he was very successful. Some years 
ago he came to Springfield, Massachu- 
setts, where he has since continued to 
reside, and where he is now passing the 
years of his retirement, enjoying a well- 

earned leisure after a busy and active life. 
He married (first) February 17, 1863, 
Betsy Jarvis, who was born in Danville, 
Canada, in 1840, and died in Springfield, 
Massachusetts, in 1909, daughter of Ed- 
ward and Elizabeth (Leman) Jarvis, 
whose parents came from Norfolk county, 
England. He married (second) Emma 
Goodrich ; and (third) Anna Hayden. To 
the first marriage four children were 
born : i. John H., born April 3, 1864, now 
in Los Angeles, California ; he married 
Lucy B. Cable, and has children: Bessie, 
May, Mabel E., and Harold. 2. George 
Washington, of whom further. 3. Lyman 
P., deceased. 4. Levi P., now with his 

George Washington Robbins, son of 
Daniel S. and Betsy (Jarvis) Robbins, 
was born in Danville, Province of Que- 
bec, Canada. December 25, 1867. He at- 
tended the public schools in Danville for 
a short time, until about fourteen years 
of age, when he left home, and continued 
his education by himself, studying even- 
ings after his day's work was ended. In 
1881 he went to Manchester, New Hamp- 
shire, where he engaged in carpenter 
work until he was nineteen years of age, 
when he came to Springfield, in which 
city he has continued to reside to the 
present time (1922). For a number of 
years after coming to Springfield he en- 
gaged in carpenter work, directing a 
group of workmen, but in 1890, having 
accumulated some capital and gained an 
extensive experience, he resolved to en- 
gage in business for himself, as a con- 
tractor and builder. This venture was 
eminently successful, and he continued to 
conduct his increasing operations alone, 
with the exception of one year's associa- 
tion with a partner, until 1912, when he 
admitted to partnership his four sons, or- 
ganizing the George W. Robbins & Sons 
Company, a trust concern, of v/hich, as 



before mentioned, Mr. Robbins is the sole 
trustee. At that time Mr. Robbins built 
his present extensive and scientifically 
equipped plant, which is situated along 
the Boston & Albany railroad tracks, and 
has a mile of frontage on the railroad. 
The tract of land upon which the plant 
is built contains fifty acres, from which 
he was obliged to cut the trees in order to 
clear a space for his office and yards. Mr. 
Robbins is interested in public affairs, 
and has done much for the development 
of the city. Some of the substantial and 
beautiful residences of Springfield have 
been erected by him, and a number of the 
residential sections of the present time 
are the result of the activities of the 
George W. Robbins & Sons Company, 
who have successfully engaged in the 
development of unimproved tracts, as 
well as dealing extensively in lumber and 
in improved real estate. 

Mr. Robbins is a member of Roswell 
Lee Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, 
of Springfield ; of Golden Rule Lodge, No. 
13, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
of the Province of Quebec, Canada, 
Agawam Encampment, and of the Can- 
ton. He is also affiliated with the Ancient 
and Honorable Artillery Company of Bos- 

George Washington Robbins married, 
on September 25, 1886, Abbie M. Chag- 
non, born in Danville, Canada, daughter 
of Frank and Nancy (Gifford) Chagnon, 
and they are the parents of seven chil- 
dren : I, Henry G., born September 25, 
1889; he is a member of the Masonic 
order. He married Stella Gifford, and 
they have four children : Mildred, Hazel, 
George, and Ralph. 2. Frederick D., born 
May 5, 1892. He is a member of the 
Ancient and Honorable Artillery Com- 
pany of Boston. Also a member of New- 
ton Wilbraham Lodge, Free and Accepted 
Masons, and has also taken all the York 

rite degrees in Springfield, and is a mem- 
ber of Melha Temple, Ancient Arabic 
Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. He 
belongs to Hampden Lodge, Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows of Springfield. He 
married, September 30, 1916, Mary 
Armina Gueyette, and they have three 
children : Frederick, D., Jr. ; June Rose, 
deceased; and Carol. 3. Frank H., born 
October 29, 1893. He is a member of the 
Ancient and Honorable Artillery Com- 
pany of Boston, and during the World 
War served with the 20th Engineers 
Lumber Unit overseas, and his name ap- 
pears upon the bronze tablet in Faneuil 
Hall, in Boston. He also is a member of 
the Masonic order. 4. Harriet, born 
March 2, 1895, married Arnold Peterson, 
and has one child, George. 5. Ruth, born 
July 18, 1896, now a bookkeeper in her 
father's office. 6. Lewis, born July 28, 
1901. 7. Ella, born March 22, 1906. The 
four sons are all members of the firm of 
George W. Robbins & Sons. 

WHITALL, Charles Parker 

Among the prominent business men of 
Springfield, Massachusetts, is Charles 
Parker Whitall, president and treasurer 
of the Springfield branch of the Whitall 
Electrical Company, and director and of- 
ficial in all of the eight branches of that 

(I) Mr. Whitall is a descendant of 
James Whitall, who purchased Upton, on 
Great Timber Creek, in 1688, and died in 
1714. James Whitall and his wife Han- 
nah were the parents of three children : 
Mary, who married John Wood ; Job, of 
further mention ; and Sarah. 

(II) Job Whitall, son of James and 
Hannah Whitall, died March 19, 1722. 
He married Jane Siddon, and they were 
the parents of two children : James, of 
further mention ; and Hannah, 

(III) James Whitall, son of Job and 



Jane (Siddon) Whitall, was born Septem- 
ber 4, 1717. He married, November 22,, 
1739, at Haddonfield, New Jersey, Ann 
Cooper, and their children were : Zather ; 
James ; Job ; Hannah ; Benjamin, of 
further mention ; Joseph ; Hannah ; Sarah ; 
and John S. 

(IV) Benjamin Whitall, son of James 
and Ann (Cooper) Whitall, was born 
October 3, 1747, and died September 14, 
1797. He married Elizabeth Hopper, and 
they became the parents of three children : 
Joseph, of further mention ; Samuel, and 

(V) Joseph Whitall, son of Benjamin 
and Elizabeth (Hopper) Whitall, mar- 
ried Hannah Mickle, and their children 
were : David, of further mention ; Joshua, 
Ebenezer, Joseph, Benjamin, and Eliza- 

(VI) David Whitall, son of Joseph and 
Hannah (Mickle) Whitall, married Ann 
Stockton, and their children were : Wil- 
liam, of further mention ; Henry ; Edith ; 
Hannah Ann ; Deborah and Susan, twins ; 
James ; Mary and Margaret, twins. 

(VII) William Whitall, son of David 
and Ann (Stockton) Whitall, vtas born 
February 6, 1818, and was a school 
teacher in West Philadelphia, Pennsyl- 
vania. He died February 6, 1866; mar- 
ried Hannah Willscloud, born December 
8, 1818, died May 18, 1901, and they were 
the parents of four children : William 
Henry; Sarah Ann; Lydia C. ; and 
Charles David, of further mention. 

(VIII) Charles David Whitall, son of 
William and Hannah (Willscloud) Whit- 
all, was born in Haddonfield, New Jersey, 
March 24, 1846, and died at Plainfield, New 
Jersey, April 12, 1903. He received his 
education in the public schools of his dis- 
trict and when his studies were com- 
pleted, entered the employ of the Whitall, 
Tatum Company, glass manufacturers, in 
Millville, New Jersey, in the capacity of 

office boy. He maintained his connec- 
tion with this company until 1879, when 
he went to Minneapolis, Minnesota, and 
became associated with a large wholesale 
house, which connection was continued 
until 1893. In that year he returned to 
New Jersey, his native State, and settling 
at Plainfield, continued to reside there 
until the time of his death. He was a 
quiet, home-loving man, a faith rite 
Quaker, as were all of his people before 
him, and greatly loved and respected by 
all who knew him. He married Mary 
Black Clifton, and they were the parents 
of seven children: i. William Clifton, of 
Plainfield, New Jersey, who was born 
August 19, 1873. 2. Ella Clifton, born 
February 17, 1876, in New York City. 
3. Charles Parker, of further mention. 4. 
Paul Stanley, born November 2, 1879, in 
Minneapolis, Minnesota ; he married 
Rachel Carrie Kenyon Vail, and is the 
father of five children : Paul Stanley, 
Jr., born September 10, 1906; Charles 
William, born June 10, 1909; Douglas 
Ray, born October 20, 1910, died Febru- 
ary 27, 1912 ; Richard Stockton, born No- 
vember 28, 1912; and Helen Rae, born 
April 5, 1914, died June 20, 1917. 5. Law- 
rence Cloud, born June 9, 1882, in Minne- 
apolis, Minnesota, married Alice Cropsey, 
and has two children : Lawrence Cloud, 
Jr., born September 4, 1914; and Ann 
Hoffman, born April 3, 1917. 6. Lillian 
Dickson, born February 26, 1887, in Pitts- 
burgh, Pennsylvania. 7. Roy Clifton, 
born May 12, 1889, died December 26, 
1918; married Jeannette Clark Sefif, and 
they were the parents of one daughter, 
Jeannette, born 1918. 

(IX) Charles Parker Whitall, son of 
Charles David and Mary Black (Clifton) 
Whitall, was born in Jersey City, New 
Jersey, May 4, 1878, and was taken by his 
parents to Minneapolis, Minnesota, when 
he was about a year old. In the public 


schools of the latter city he received his 
education, graduating from the grammar 
school and then attending the high 
school. When school days were over he 
at once began to learn the electrical busi- 
ness, having throughout his high school 
days been deeply interested in the possi- 
bilities as well as in the accomplished 
wonders of electricity. For three years he 
was in the employ of an electrical com- 
pany in New York City, and at the end 
of that period he decided to engage in 
business for himself. In 1900 the Whitall 
Electrical Company began business, and 
from the beginning the ability of its 
founder and head, together with the fact 
that the use of electrical appliances of all 
kinds was rapidly becoming general, 
brought success. The business steadily 
grew and expanded, and after a time ex- 
tended its operations to other cities, add- 
ing new stores and plants until at the 
present time the Whitall Electrical Com- 
pany owns and controls eight stores in as 
many cities and towns, including Water- 
bury, Connecticut ; Stoughton, Connecti- 
cut ; Westerly, Rhode Island ; and Palmer, 
Ware, and Springfield, in Massachusetts. 
They do all kinds of electrical work and 
carry a full line of electrical goods and 
electrical supplies of every kind. By 
strict adherence to the highest principles 
of integrity and business honor, as well 
as by executive and administrative abil- 
ity of a high order, Mr. Whitall has built 
up an eminently successful and prosper- 
ous concern which is an economic con- 
tribution to the eight cities in which its 
plants are located, and a substantial evi- 
dence of the ability and energy of its 
founder. Mr. Whitall is president and 
treasurer of the Springfield plant of the 
Whitall Electrical Company, and a direc- 
tor and an official in them all. 

With all his many and successful busi- 
ness interests and responsibilities Mr. 

Whitall finds time for fraternal and club 
activities as well as for civic community 
responsibilities. He is a thirty-second 
degree Mason, being a member of Paw- 
catuck Lodge, No. 90, Free and Accepted 
Masons, of Westerly, Rhode Island ; 
Benevolence Chapter, No. 21, Royal Arch 
Masons, Mystic, Connecticut ; Mystic 
Council, No. 29, Royal and Select 
Masters, Mystic, Connecticut ; Palestine 
Commandery, No. 6, Knights Templar, 
New London, Connecticut ; Connecticut 
Consistory, Ancient Accepted Scottish 
Rite, Norwich, Connecticut ; and of Pales- 
tine Temple, Ancient Arabic Order 
Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, of Provi- 
dence, Rhode Island. He is a member 
of the Colony Club, of Westerly, Rhode 
Island, the Nayasset Club of Springfield, 
Massachusetts, also the Exchange Club, 
of which he was the first president. 

Charles Parker Whitall married, on 
December 8, 1917, Georgiana Beaudin 
Hunter, of Holyoke, Massachusetts, and 
they are the parents of one daughter, 
Florence M. Hunter Whitall. 

BROWN, George Henry 

Among the well known business men 
of Springfield, Massachusetts, is George 
Henry Brown, president and treasurer of 
the Brown & Ross Company, Inc., deal- 
ers in electrical supplies, who came to this 
city in 1914, organized the company of 
which he is president, and has built up a 
successful business. 

The name Brown is, next to Jones, 
Smith, and Robinson, one of the most 
frequently used surnames and has been 
borne by a great number of worthy and 
distinguished individuals. More than one 
hundred and twenty-three Browns had 
emigrated to America before 1700, and 
more than thirteen hundred enlisted from 
Massachusetts for service in the Revolu- 
tion. According to the Herald's College, 



the Browns have been granted one hun- 
dred and fifty-six coats-of-arms, and one 
hundred and thirty-nine men bearing that 
name had graduated from Yale College 
up to 1904. The orthographic changes 
have been many, including Boown, Bown, 
Braun, Broan, Brione. Broon, Brioun, 
Broune, Broun, Browne, Brownn, and 
Brune. The first Mr. Brown was called 
so because of his swarthy complexion. 
Browning was the son of Brown, and 
Brownell was the mighty Brown, nell 
coming from neil, meaning the mighty. 
Brownly or Brownlee was the Mr. Brown 
who lived in a pasture, and Brownlow, 
from lowe, meaning a hill, was the Mr. 
Brown who lived on a hill. Among the 
many distinguished men of this name 
have been B. Gratz Brown, who ran for 
vice-president with Horace Greeley; Jus- 
tice Henry B. Brown, of the United States 
Supreme Court, who was a native of Con- 
necticut ; Senator Joseph E. Brown, of 
Georgia ; Jacob Brown, commanding gen- 
eral of the United States army in the War 
of 1812 ; John Brown, the abolition leader ; 
Charles Brockden Brown, the novelist ; 
Henry Kirk Brown, the sculptor ; Charles 
Farrar Browne (Artemus Ward) ; and J. 
Ross Brown, the war correspondent. 

Cain Brown, grandfather of George 
Henry Brown, was born in England, and 
died in Housatonic, Massachusetts. He 
was a textile worker in England, indus- 
trious, skillful, and thrifty, and after com- 
ing to America, he followed the same line 
of work. He went to New England, lo- 
cating in Housatonic, Massachusetts, and 
there he continued to reside during the 
remainder of his life. He married Maria 
Sumner, and they were the parents of 
four sons : Archie, deceased ; Arthur, de- 
ceased ; William, of whom further; and 
John ; and one daughter, Jennie, deceased. 

William Brown, son of Cain and Maria 
(Sumner) Brown, was born in England, 

and upon his arrival in America located 
in the town of Great Barrington, Massa- 
chusetts, where he has throughout his 
life been engaged as a textile worker. 
Energetic and industrious, like his father 
before him, he is an expert in his line, 
and is a representative type of the steady, 
faithful, skilled, dependable artisan. A 
worthy citizen and a loyal friend and 
associate, he is highly esteemed by those 
who know him best. Fraternally he is 
affiliated with the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows. He married Mary Good- 
hind, of Dalton, Massachusetts, daughter 
of Henry and Eliza (Bruges) Goodhind, 
and they became the parents of a son, 
George Henry Brown, of whom further. 
George Henry Brown, son of William 
and Mary (Goodhind) Brown, was born 
in Housatonic, Massachusetts, November 
13, 18S0. He received his early education 
in the schools of Housatonic and of Great 
Barrington, Massachusetts, and then at- 
tended Union College, at Schenectady, 
New York, for one year. Being inter- 
ested in electrical appliances and devices, 
he entered the employ of a company en- 
gaged in electrical work in Springfield, 
where he remained for four years. At 
the end of that period he went to Provi- 
dence, Rhode Island, entered the employ 
of a hardware concern, in the capacity of 
traveling salesman, and for two years 
sold hardware throughout Western Mas- 
sachusetts and Eastern Connecticut. In 
1914 he came to Springfield, and for a 
year was employed as manager of the 
Charles E. Hayes wholesale jobbing busi- 
ness. In 1915, having acquired consider- 
able experience and accumulated some 
capital, he decided that the time had come 
for him to engage in business for himself. 
He formed a partnership with Mr. Ross, 
and incorporated under the name of 
Brown & Ross, dealers in electrical sup- 
plies. Mr. Brown is president and treas- 



urer of the corporation, and has built up 
a thriving and increasingly prosperous 
business. The vast increase in the num- 
ber and quality of electrical appliances of 
all kinds and the still greater increase in 
the number of people using such devices 
have meant constantly increasing possi- 
bilities for the business in which Mr. 
Brown is engaged, and the firm of Brown 
& Ross has been active and energetic 
enough to secure its full share of resultant 
increase of prosperity. 

Mr. Brown is well known in Spring- 
field as a progressive and prosperous 
business man, and a helpful member of 
his community. Fraternally he is affili- 
ated with Cincinnatus Lodge, Free and 
Accepted Masons, of Great Barrington, in 
which order he is a member of all the 
Scottish Rite bodies. 

George Henry Brown married, on July 
3, 191 1, Laura Nicholai, of Housatonic, 
Massachusetts, and they are the parents 
of two children : Virginia, born May 25, 
1915; and Richard, born June 29, 1919. 

TAYLOR, Albert Charles 

The name Taylor is of very ancient 
English origin, and from earliest Colonial 
times in this country has been prominent 
in public afifairs, in the professions, and 
in business life. Many of the name are 
descended from Taillefer, the Norman 
baron who took part in the battle of 
Hastings, under William the Conqueror, 
in 1066. In these cases Taillefer has 
gradually been changed to Taylefer, 
Taylour, Tayleur, Tailer, Tailor, and 
Taylor. The name in most cases, how- 
ever, is an occupative name signifying the 
"taylor," a cutter or maker of clothes. 
The trade now uses the form tailor, and 
the surname is almost universally spelled 
Taylor or Tayler. The name was very 
popular during the earlier centuries fol- 
lowing the adoption of surnames through- 

out England, and is often found in the 
early rolls, the Hundred Rolls of 1273 
recording fifteen different spellings of the 
name. In England at the present time 
Taylor is the fourth commonest patrony- 
mic, only Smith, Jones, and Williams 
being borne by a larger number of indi- 
viduals. The name is also found pretty 
generally in Ireland, a branch of the 
family having settled in the north of that 
country at the time the grants of land 
were made to the Scotch and English 
Protestants from whom the Scotch-Irish 
are descended, and from whom also are 
descended the men of Ulster. That mem- 
bers of the Taylor family occupied a high 
social position in England is evidenced 
by the fact that the Taylor coat-of-arms 
is recorded, as follows : 

Arms — Ermine on a chief dancettee sable a ducal 
coronet or, between two escallops argent. 

Crest — A demi-lion rampant sable holding be- 
tween the paws a ducal coronet or. 

Albert Charles Taylor, office manager 
of the Springfield Provision Company, is 
among the well known business men of 
Springfield. Moses Taylor, great-grand- 
father, born in South Hadley Falls, May 
30, 1769, died in Amherst, Massachu- 
setts, December 9, 1853. A small boy at 
the time of the Revolutionary War, he 
reached young manhood just as the newly 
formed nation was beginning life under 
its first president, and lived until Frank- 
lin Pierce, the fourteenth president, had 
been inaugurated. He had witnessed the 
immense addition of territory made by 
the Louisiana Purchase in 1803; had 
shared the experiences of the War of 
1812; had benefited by the opening of 
the Erie Canal in 1825 ; had weathered 
the stress and strain of the Panic of 1837; 
and as an old man saw the country pass 
through a war with its weak neighbor to 
the southward, and witnessed the begin- 



nings of the differences which led to the 
Civil War. He married (first), in 1791, 
Lettuce Richardson, and they became the 
parents of a large family of children, in- 
cluding two sets of twins, eleven in all. 
These children were: Siley, born July 9, 
1792; Augusta and Gordon (twins), born 
September 9, 1793; John, born March 9, 
1796; Lucinda, born May 15, 1798; Shan- 
non, born January 22, 1800, died young; 
Maria and Rosanna (twins), born January 
6, 1801 ; Shannon, bom September 16, 
1803 ; Stillman, born August 14, 1804; and 
Susanna, born August 23, 1806. After the 
death of Lettuce (Richardson) Taylor, 
Moses Taylor married (second) Mrs. 
Hopeful Allen, daughter of Benjamin and 
Abigail Pomeroy, and to this marriage 
were born: Irene, September 6, 1826; 
and Oliver, of whom further, grandfather 
of Albert Charles Taylor. 

Oliver Taylor, son of Moses and Hope- 
ful (Pomeroy-Allen) Taylor, was born in 
Amherst, Massachusetts, September 2, 
1831, and died at Chicopee Falls, Massa- 
chusetts, August 5, 1863. A sturdy lad 
of the pioneer type, he grew up inured to 
hard work and life in the open. He re- 
ceived such education as the local schools 
afforded, working on the farm before and 
after school hours and during vacations. 
School days over, he took a hand at 
whatever work presented itself, being 
employed in saw mills, driving teams, 
farming, lumbering, etc., until the out- 
break of the Civil War. In October, 
1862, he enlisted in the 46th Massachu- 
setts Regiment, and served until taken 
seriously ill with a fever contracted while 
in service, and which ended in his death, 
in 1863. He married Jane E. Day, who 
was born in South Hadley, Massachu- 
setts, January i, 1833, and died in Sep- 
tember, 1918, daughter of Plin and 
Jerusha (Alvord) Day. Plin Day was 
born June i, 1806, and died April 21, 1869, 

and Jerusha (Alvord) Day was born 
March 6, 1801, and died March 6, 1869. 
The children of Oliver and Jane E. (Day) 
Taylor were : Charles Moses ; Edwin E., 
of Springfield ; Irene E., who married 
Charles Wheeler; and Frederick Oliver, 
of California. 

Charles Moses Taylor, son of Oliver 
and Jane E. (Day) Taylor, was born in 
Chicopee Falls, Massachusetts, October 
7, 1851, and died December i, 1890, not 
yet forty years of age. He received a 
good education in the public schools, and 
then began his business career with the 
Eldridge Company of Springfield, as 
bookkeeper, where he remained a time, 
then took a position with the Ames 
Manufacturing Company of Chicopee. 
So well did he meet the responsibilities 
placed upon him that he was rapidly pro- 
moted, finally becoming assistant super- 
intendent of the works of the company, a 
position which he most efficiently filled 
for a period of some fifteen years. He 
contracted typhoid fever and died at the 
early age of thirty-nine years and one 
month. He married Eugenia Leach, and 
they became the parents of one son, 
Albert Charles. 

Albert Charles Taylor, office manager 
of the Springfield Provision Company, 
was born in Chicopee Falls, Massachu- 
setts, August 15, 1871. He received his 
education in the public schools of his 
native city, and then began his business 
career as an employe of the Connecticut 
River railroad, now known as the Boston 
and Maine Railroad Company. For two 
years he was employed here in the capac- 
ity of clerk, and the following two years 
he filled a similar position with the Ames 
Manufacturing Company. In February, 
1893, then a young man of twenty, he 
came to Springfield, and entered the office 
of the Springfield Provision Company, as 
clerk. He filled this position so well and 



such an interest did he take in the com- 
pany's affairs, that he is still with that 
concern, now over a quarter of a century. 
He has risen through the various posi- 
tions to that of office manager, directing 
those under him with such skill that the 
business has been brought up to and 
continues in a very flourishing condition. 

In addition to his other responsibilities, 
Mr. Taylor also finds time for fraternal, 
social, and religious activities, and has a 
large circle of friends among whom he is 
highly esteemed. He is a member of De 
Soto Lodge, Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows ; Springfield Lodge, Knights of 
Pythias ; and the Royal Arcanum. For 
eighteen years he has been an active 
member and treasurer of St. James' 

On April 27, 1898, Albert Charles 
Taylor married Gertrude Margaret Wil- 
son, of Suffield, Connecticut, daughter of 
Boyd and Mary (Sykes) Wilson. 

CLARK, Edward Ransom 

President and sole owner of the West- 
ern Massachusetts Cadillac Company, 
Edward Ransom Clark has had a wide 
experience and is one of the representa- 
tive business men of the western part of 
his State. He traces the beginning of his 
ancestral line in this country to the "great 
adventure" of the courageous, high- 
spirited lad, Joseph Clark, who, born in 
England in 1695, ^3-^^ away from home 
and came to America, working his pas- 
sage as cabin boy. Joseph Clark settled 
in Auburn, Massachusetts, and found the 
New World with its pioneer life and its 
vast opportunities much to his liking. He 
reared a family of children, among whom 
was Joseph (2). 

(II) Joseph (2) Clark, son of Joseph 
(i) Clark, was born in Auburn (now 
Worcester), Massachusetts, September 

12, 1745, and died in January, 1837. He 
received his education in the local schools, 
working on his father's farm during a 
large part of each year, and lived the 
hardy, rugged life by means of which 
most of the boys of his time gained 
strength and endurance. In 1770, before 
his marriage, he went to Vermont alone, 
built himself a log house, and there lived 
and worked, clearing his tract of land and 
planting, cultivating, and harvesting his 
crops. He carried his corn on his back to 
a grist mill two miles away, and then 
walked two miles to get his bread baked. 
When the Revolutionary War broke out, 
he enlisted and was one of the partici- 
pants in the battle of Bennington. He 
married, in 1774, Catherine Ward, born 
in 1750, daughter of Jonas Ward, and 
their children were : Thomas, born in 
1777; Thaddeus, born in 1779; Jonas, 
born in 1781 ; Amasa, of further mention ; 
Gardiner, born in 1785 ; Catherine, born 
in 1788; Polly, born in 1790; and John B., 
born in 1795. 

(Ill) Amasa Clark, fourth son of 
Joseph (2) and Catherine (Ward) Clark, 
was born in Dummerston, Vermont, 
October 23, 1783, and died November 30, 
1866, aged eighty-three years. He re- 
ceived a practical education in the local 
schools, and followed the occupation of 
farming, as had his father and grand- 
father before him. He was a man of 
keen intelligence, alert, and deeply inter- 
ested in the affairs of his town, rendering 
able service as selectman, and was a gen- 
erous supporter of all movements for the 
welfare of his community. He married 
(first) Arethusa Whitcomb ; (second) 
Phebe Boyden, born February 3, 1810, 
died February 16, 1887. To the first mar- 
riage were born two children : Catherine 
F., who married John Woodbury; and 
Caroline A., who married Alvin D. 
French. To the second marriage one 



u^-c^AA^-txA^cJi^ /V^ i;2>^^c 


child was born, Charles A., of further 

(IV) Charles Amasa Clark, son of 
Amasa and Phebe (Boyden) Clark, was 
born in Dummerston, Vermont, Febru- 
ary 24, 1845, and died October 30, 1922. 
He received his education in the schools 
of Dummerston and of Brattleboro, Ver- 
mont, and then, as was the custom of the 
time, learned a trade, even though he in- 
tended to engage in farming. He lived in 
Vermont, on the farm which he owned, 
near Brattleboro, until he was twenty- 
five years of age, working at his trade 
during the slack seasons on the farm. 
When the War of the Rebellion broke 
out he prepared to "do his bit," and on 
August 28, 1862, at Brattleboro, Vermont, 
enlisted in Company B, i6th Vermont 
Infantry. For nine months he served in 
the defense of Washington, and then was 
sent to Gettysburg, where he was trans- 
ferred to the First Army Corps. He was 
wounded in the battle of Gettysburg, hav- 
ing been sent with the whole wagon train 
of the /\rmy of the Potomac, composed of 
6,000 wagons, which were parked at Em- 
mitsburg during the battle. After his 
discharge from service, he returned to 
his farm near Brattleboro, but at that 
time the great possibilities of the con- 
stantly receding "West" were touching 
the imaginations of most young men and 
awakening visions of future prosperity. 
In 1875 he yielded to the desire to try his 
fortune in the newer region, sold his 
farm, and went to Iowa, where for ten 
years he engaged in farming. At the end 
of that time disaster came in the form of 
a tornado which swept across his farm, 
destroying buildings, crops, and every- 
thing he owned. Fearful of a country 
where in a few hours the result of years 
of work could be swept away by "air in 
motion," he returned East and for four 
years lived in West Chesterfield, New 

Mass — 11 — 15 225 

Hampshire. He then removed to Brattle- 
boro, Vermont, remaining there for four 
years, and finally came to Springfield, in 
1891. Here he went into the Wason car 
shops, but after two years of this work 
he decided to engage in the work for 
which he had prepared himself in earlier 
life. He went back to his trade, that of 
the carpenter, doing job work until his 
retirement from active life. 

Mr. Clark was always an intelligent 
and public-spirited citizen. In Iowa he 
was town clerk for seven years and did 
much for the community in which he 
lived. He was afifiliated with the Masonic 
fraternity, having joined Truth Lodge 
while he was in Iowa, and after his 
return transferred his membership to 
Columbian Lodge, of Brattleboro, Ver- 
mont. He was also an active and deeply 
interested member of the Grand Army of 
the Republic. 

Mr. Clark married, February 9, 1870, 
Ellen M. Farr, of Chesterfield, New 
Hampshire, daughter of Ransom and 
Philindia P. (Barrows) Farr, and they 
became the parents of three children : 
Mary Ellen, born April 18, 1871, married 
Samuel H. Bullock, of Guilford Center, 
Vermont, but now resides in Springfield, 
and has a son, Charles Lovell Bullock, 
and a daughter, now deceased ; Edward 
Ransom, of whom further; and Edna 
Phoebe, born November 20, 1874, died 
June, 1876. 

(V) Edward Ransom Clark, son of 
Charles Amasa and Ellen M. (Farr) 
Clark, was born in West Chesterfield, 
New Hampshire, December 27, 1872, and 
received his early education in Ellington, 
Iowa. When he was twelve years of age 
his parents returned to West Chester- 
field, New Hampshire, after the destruc- 
tion of their farm buildings and crops in 
Iowa by a tornado, and the lad, Edward 
R., entered the public schools of that 


town, completing his education in the 
high school of Brattleboro, Vermont. 
Upon the completion of his studies he 
began his business career in a grocery 
store in Brattleboro, Vermont, where he 
remained for three and a half years, until 
his parents removed to Springfield, Mas- 
sachusetts. He then (1891) entered the 
employ of A. F. Niles & Son, grocers of 
Springfield, remaining until 1895. Pos- 
sessed of energy and ability, he had been 
watchful for a larger opportunity and 
more congenial work, being interested 
along mechanical lines and possessed of 
excellent mechanical ability. Therefore, 
when the opportunity came to enter the 
employ of the Overman Wheel Company, 
makers of the Victor bicycle, he accepted 
with alacrity. He was made superintend- 
ent of the repair department, which posi- 
tion he ably filled until 1898. Having by 
that time greatly enlarged his fund of 
knowledge and experience, and having 
also accumulated some capital, he decided 
that the time had come for him to engage 
in business for himself. He bought a 
bicycle repair business, which he success- 
fully conducted until 1903. By this time 
the automobile was displacing the bicycle 
and he sold out his bicycle repair business 
and bought a half-interest in an automo- 
bile business which operated under the 
firm name of Whitten and Clark. This 
venture was successful from the begin- 
ning, and after a time Mr. Clark bought 
his partner's interest and incorporated as 
the E. R. Clark Automobile Company, of 
which Mr. Clark was president, and E. 
A. Stoddard, treasurer. They handled 
one of the first automobiles put upon the 
market, the Oldsmobile, later adding the 
Elmore and the Thomas Flyer, and rap- 
idly built up a large and successful busi- 
ness. In 1905 they took the agency for 
the Pierce-Arrow and the Cadillac, and 
the latter attracted the special interest of 

Mr. Clark. In 191 1 he sold the interests 
of the E. R. Clark Company and organ- 
ized the Western Massachusetts Cadillac 
Company, of which he is president, treas- 
urer, and sole owner. He has been re- 
markably successful and has built up a 
very large business. He controls the sale 
of the Cadillac in all of Western Massa- 
chusetts and in Windham county, Ver- 
mont, having branch agencies in Pitts- 
field, Northampton, Holyoke, and Green- 
field, and devotes his entire time to hand- 
ling the Cadillac car. He is one of the 
oldest established auto dealers in the 
country, and has sold the Cadillac since 
1905. The beautiful new building which 
he now occupies, at the corner of Oak and 
State streets, was completed in Febru- 
ary, 1922, and is one of the finest of its 
kind in Massachusetts. It contains not 
only beautiful show rooms and a finely- 
equipped set of offices, but under the 
same roof is a complete service station 
where the wants of his patrons are care- 
fully looked after. He is known and re- 
spected as a most efficient and upright 
business man, and has a large place in 
the esteem of his associates. With all his 
large business responsibilities, Mr. Clark 
finds time for fraternal and club associa- 
tions, being affiliated with De Soto 
Lodge, Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows, and with the Nayasset Club. 

Edward Ransom Clark married Edith 
I. Butler, of Springfield, daughter of 
Henry F. Butler, and they have one 
adopted daughter, Inez Ainley Clark, who 
was born November 14, 1905. 

BUMP, Charles Henry, Jr. 

As president of the W. J. Foss Com- 
pany, and treasurer of the firm of Foss 
& Bump, Inc., Charles Henry Bump, Jr., 
comes of very old English stock. The 
name is derived from Boneloz, of Nor- 
mandy, a fief held from the Earl of Mel- 



leut, and the family Bompas, as the name 
came to be known in England after the 
Norman Conquest, has for centuries been 
well and honorably known in the legal 
annals of that country, as well as in pub- 
lic affairs. The name has passed through 
a series of transitions, being Bompas, as 
mentioned, during the later centuries 
after the Norman Conquest, Bompasse 
at the time the first representative of the 
family come to America in 1621, Bumpus 
still later, and finally, in this country of 
short cuts, Bomps and Bump. In 1621 
Edward Bompasse came to this country 
in the ship "Fortune," landing at Ply- 
mouth, Massachusetts, November 9 or 
II. He became the father of seven or 
eight children, among whom it is cer- 
tain that there were four sons : John, 
Edward, Joseph, and Jacob, born 1636, 
1638, 1639, and 1644, respectively. These 
in turn became the progenitors of large 
families : John had five sons : John, Sam- 
uel, James, Edward and Jeremiah, born 
between the years 1673 and 1692, and 
duly recorded ; Joseph had a family of 
eight, among whom were two sons, 
Joseph and James, born 1674 and 1679; 
Jacob had two sons, Benjamin and Jacob, 
born 1678 and 1680. Charles Henry 
Bump, a descendant of these pioneer 
Bumps, and great-great-grandfather of 
Charles H. Bump, Jr., lived in Milton 
Center or in Shingleville, and the line of 
descent is traced as follows ; 

(I) Charles Henry Bump, of Shingle- 
ville or Milton Center, had a large fam- 
ily, including James Allen, of whom fur- 
ther ; Micawber ; Martin ; 

Sarah Backus ; 

Perkins ; Phebe, 

married Asa Bowen ; Caroline, died un- 
married ; and Henry. 

(II) James Allen Bump, son of 
Charles Henry Bump, was born in 1775, 
and died in 1834. He married Elizabeth 
Stern, and they became the parents of 

five children: Jacob, Henry; James Allen, 
Jr., of whom further; Betty, and Eliza. 

(III) James Allen Bump, Jr., son of 
James A. and Elizabeth (Stern) Bump, 
was born in 1S17, and died in 1880. He 
was an active, enterprising man, able to 
turn his hand to whatever work presented 
itself, and conscientious and efficient in 
the performance of duties. He was the 
first agent for the New York Central 
Railroad Company, at Hudson, New 
York, furnished wood for the company, 
and was the first conductor on the Hud- 
son and Berkshire railroad. He married, 
in 1842, Mary Augusta Shattuck, and 
they were the parents of six children : 
Mary Elizabeth, born 1843, died 1853; 
Sarah, born 1845, died 1920; Charles 
Henry, of further mention ; Caroline, 
born 1850, died 1897; and twins, Arthur 
and Allen, born 1853. 

(IV) Charles Henry Bump, son of 
James Allen, Jr., and Mary Augusta 
(Shattuck) Bump, was born in Hudson, 
New York, September 8, 1848, and died 
in April, 1921. He received a thorough 
education at Spencertown Academy and 
at Hudson Private Institute. School 
days over, he found opportunity await- 
ing him in the office of the Central Rail- 
road Company, where his father was 
agent. He entered that same office, lo- 
cated in his native town, Hudson, New 
York, as clerk, and liking railroad work 
and being alert, faithful, and able, was 
later made ticket agent, which position 
he held throughout his active business 
life. Politically he was a Democrat, and 
was actively interested in the public 
affairs of his community. That he was 
trusted and held in high esteem by his 
fellow-citizens is evidenced by the fact 
that he was chosen to serve on the Excise 
Commission. In 1874 he married Emma 
Weeks, born in 1854, died in May, 1904, 
daughter of Robert Weeks, and they be- 



came the parents of four children : Mary, 
born 1875, died 1877; James A. (3rd), 
born in 1878; Charles Henry, Jr., of fur- 
ther mention ; Lawrence Woodward, 
born in 1884, cashier in the National 
Bank at Great Barrington, Massachu- 
setts, married, in 1909, Edith Davis, and 
has one daughter, Helen, born in 191 1. 

(V) Charles Henry Bump, Jr., son of 
Charles Henry and Emma (Weeks) 
Bump, was born in Hudson, New York, 
June II, 1881. He attended the primary 
and grammar schools of his native city 
and then entered the high school, from 
which he was graduated. Following in 
the steps of his father and his grand- 
father, he began his business career as a 
clerk in the Hudson ofBce of the New 
York Central railroad. Ambitious and 
energetic, and possessing executive and 
administrative ability, he, during the three 
years in which he remained in the Hud- 
son office, gave such evidence of faith- 
fulness and capacity for larger respon- 
sibilities that at the age of twenty-two 
he was promoted to chief clerk and trans- 
ferred to Pittsfield, Massachusetts, to the 
office of the Boston and Albany railroad. 
For three years more he remained in rail- 
road work, and then, having saved a bit 
for wider ventures, but desiring first to 
gain experience in a different line, in 
1906 he associated himself with W. J. 
Foss in the Berkshire Mill and Supply 
Company, of Pittsfield, Massachusetts, 
as clerk and bookkeeper. Two years 
later he bought an interest in the com- 
pany, and was made secretary, which 
position he continued to hold for a num- 
ber of years. His ability as an executive 
was to carry him further, however, and 
in 1912, when the W. J. Foss Company, 
of Springfield, Massachusetts, was or- 
ganized, Mr. Bump was made president 
and secretary. Under his efficient man- 
agement the W. J. Foss Company of 

Springfield has grown and prospered, 
reaching out beyond the limits of the 
State and covering with its alert, pro- 
gressive, traveling men Connecticut, 
Massachusetts, Vermont and New 
Hampshire, and going as far north as 
Burlington, Vermont. But even this 
large business does not absorb all of Mr. 
Bump's energies. In 1919 the firm of 
Foss & Bump was organized in Spring- 
field, for the manufacture of leather belt- 
ing, and of this corporation Mr. Bump is 

Interested in the welfare of his com- 
munity, and anxious to contribute his 
share toward its advancement, he has 
always been ready to give of his time 
and his means for the furtherance of the 
economic, civic, and political betterment 
of the city. He has served efficiently as 
a member of the Common Council, and 
in many unofficial ways has made his in- 
fluence count for progress. Fraternally 
he is a Free and Accepted Mason, York 
Rite, being a member of Springfield 
Lodge; past high priest of Berkshire 
Chapter, Royal Arch Masons, of Pitts- 
field ; member of Berkshire Command- 
ery, Knights Templar, of Pittsfield ; and 
of Melha Temple, Ancient Arabic Order 
Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, of Spring- 
field. He is also a member of the Realty 
Club and of the Rotary Club. He is an 
active, interested member of Faith Con- 
gregational Church, of which he is a 
deacon, and has served on the executive 
committee. He is also vice-president of 
the Men's Club. 

On September 12, 1905, Mr. Bump 
married Esther Boardman, born in 
Derby, Connecticut, but resided in Hud- 
son, daughter of Daniel and Mary 
(Young) Boardman. They are the par- 
ents of two children : Charles Kilbourne, 
born June i, 1907; and Boardman, born 
December 8, 1908. 



HURLBUT, Cornelius Searle, D. D. S. 

Cornelius Searle Hurlbut, a dentist of 
Springfield, as was his father before him, 
traces his descent from Thomas Hurlbut, 
the immigrant ancestor of the family, 
who was in Saybrook before 1637. In 
that year, February 22, he was one of a 
party of eleven men sent out to burn 
leaves, weeds, and reeds upon a neck of 
land half a mile from the fort. While 
engaged in this work they were attacked 
by a party of Indians, said to have num- 
bered about one hundred, and Hurlbut 
and two others were wounded and two 
others shot dead. "Hurlbut was shot 
almost through the thigh," but escaped. 
After the Pequot War, Thomas Hurlbut 
settled in Wethersfield, Connecticut, and 
was the first blacksmith there. He was 
a prominent man in the community, well- 
to-do, and filled various offices in the gift 
of the people. He was clerk of the "train 
band" in 1640; deputy to the General 
Court, grand juror, and also constable in 
1644. He received various tracts of land 
in the several allotments that were made, 
which were recorded together in 1647. 
For his services in the Indian wars the 
Assembly granted him one hundred and 
twenty acres of land, October 12, 1671. 
The sons of Thomas and Sarah Hurlbut 
were : Thomas, John ; Samuel, of whom 
further; Joseph, Stephen, and Cornelius. 

(II) Samuel Hurlbut, son of Thomas 
and Sarah Hurlbut, was born, probably 
in Wethersfield, about 1644. He was a 
farmer and first settled in Wethersfield, 
where he bought, December 27, 1668, a 
house and home lot of John Goodrich. 
He owned other lots in town and appears 
as a resident of Wethersfield as late as 
1692. He and his wife Mary were the 
parents of: Stephen, of whom further; 
Nathan, Mary, Sarah, Jonathan, David, 
Titus, Miriam, Samuel, Elizabeth, and 

(III) Stephen (i) Hurlbut, eldest 
child of Samuel and Mary Hurlbut, 
was born in Wethersfield, December 27, 
1668, and died October 7, 1712. He set- 
tled in New London soon after 1690, mar- 
ried Hannah Douglas, of New London, 
about six years later, and was the father 
of seven children : Stephen, Freelove, 
Mary ; John, of whom further ; Sarah, 
Titus, and Joseph. 

(IV) John Hurlbut, son of Stephen 
and Hannah (Douglas) Hurlbut, was 
born in New London, and settled in 
North Groton, now the town of Ledyard, 
where he died May 5, 1761. He married 
Mary Stoddard, daughter of Ralph Stod- 
dard, who was still living in 1782. Their 
children were : Stephen, of whom fur- 
ther ; Mary, John, Rufus, Hannah, Ralph, 
Lydia, and Rispah. 

(V) Stephen (2) Hurlbut, son of John 
and Mary (Stoddard) Hurlbut, was born 
in Groton. He probably first settled in 
his native town, residing there for sev- 
eral years, but later was one of the set- 
tlers of Southampton, Massachusetts. 
He was a land surveyor, and assisted in 
the Connecticut settlements on the Sus- 
quehanna in 1772 and 1773. It is thought 
that the Christopher Hurlbut referred to 
in Miner's "Wyoming," page 120, as hav- 
ing been employed by the Susquehanna 
Company to make surveys, was really 
Stephen (2), the error having occurred 
through the fact that Christopher Hurl- 
but, nephew of Stephen, afterward be- 
came a settler and surveyor at Wyom- 
ing. Stephen Hurlbut married (first) 
Mary Morgan; (second) Widow Alley; 
(third) Widow Rebecca Sheldon. The 
children of the first marriage were : 
Sarah, Mary, Phebe, Hannah, Freelove ; 
and Stephen Douglas, of whom further. 
Children of the second marriage : Martin 
Luther, Collins, Rispah, Susannah, and 



Eunice. To the third marriage one child 
was born, Rufus. 

(VI) Stephen D. Hurlbut, youngest 
child of Stephen (2) and Mary (Morgan) 
Hurlbut, was born in Groton, December 
14 (or 19), 1770, and died April 4, 1832, 
in Southampton, Massachusetts, where 
all his children were born. He married, 
June 9, 1791, Eunice Clapp, born No- 
vember 20, 1770, in Southampton, died 
December 24, 1824. Their children were: 
Phebe, Stephen, Sarah, Douglas; Asaph, 
of whom further ; Samuel, and Moses 

(VII) Asaph Hurlbut, third son of 
Stephen Douglas and Eunice (Clapp) 
Hurlbut, was born in Southampton, Mas- 
sachusetts, September 28, 1801. He was 
a carriage-maker and millwright by 
trade, and followed the latter calling dur- 
ing the greater part of his life. He did 
work on most of the paper mills in this 
vicinity, notably those at Agawam, Chic- 
opee, West Springfield and Mittineague. 
He also built several powder mills in 
Westfield, Massachusetts, at one of which 
he very nearly lost his life. He was on 
his way to one of these mills when an ex- 
plosion occurred, and the mill was blown 
to atoms. Had he started for that par- 
ticular mill a few seconds sooner he would 
have shared the fate of the mill and its 
occupants, instead of escaping, as he did, 
uninjured. Mr. Hurlbut first resided in 
West Springfield, but later, in order that 
he might secure better educational ad- 
vantages for his children, he removed to 
the center of Springfield, and entered the 
employ of the Boston & Albany Railroad 
Company, where he remained until his 
death. Politically he was first a Whig, 
then a Republican, and held several of 
the town offices during his life. He was 
at one time a member of the school board, 
and his religious affiliation was with the 
Congregational church. He married, in 

Southampton, November 8, 1827, Asenath 
Searle, born May 10, 1806, and died De- 
cember 20, i860, her husband surviving 
her until August 28, 1867. Their chil- 
dren, all born in West Springfield, were: 
Milton Clark ; Cornelius Searle, of whom 
further; Sarah Jane, Edward Asaph, 
Jairus Searle, and Lewis Senaca. 

(VIII) Cornelius Searle Hurlbut, D. 
D. S., son of Asaph and Asenath (Searle) 
Hurlbut, and a dentist of more than local 
reputation, was born in West Springfield, 
March 18, 1832. He attended the schools 
of West Springfield, and supplemented 
the regular work with much independent 
reading and study. When he was eight- 
een years of age he began teaching, and 
for two years taught in various schools 
in Hampden and Hampshire counties. 
At the age of twenty he began to study 
dentistry under Dr. G. H. White, on 
Main street, and three years later, after 
his graduation from Baltimore Dental 
College, he bought the office of his in- 
structor and began to practice his profes- 
sion. He soon gained a reputation for 
excellent work, and as the years passed 
won for himself a reputation that ex- 
tended far beyond the bounds of his im- 
mediate environment. The college from 
which he graduated recognized the high 
quality of his professional work and 
made him a member of its visiting board, 
which office he held for ten years. Dur- 
ing the years of his professional activities 
he built many houses and blocks in the 
city, including the Vendome, and a house 
next to it on Vernon street. He owned 
the land on which the Gill Block now 
stands, and built upon it a handsome 
granite block, which was later destroyed 
by fire. The stone trimmings of the pres- 
ent handsome building are the remains 
of the former edifice. At least thirty 
young men at different times studied and 
practiced under Dr. Hurlbut, and seven 



of them have opened offices in the city. 
He did much for his profession, not only 
in his own locality but throughout New 
England, introducing and bringing into 
general practice new tools, new discov- 
eries, and the latest improvements. It 
was he who introduced the bridge device 
for utilizing sound teeth as a support for 
artificial ones, and he was one of the first 
to use gas as a means of making the ex- 
traction of teeth painless. During his 
more than forty years of professional ac- 
tivity in Springfield he saw that place 
grow from a village to a city, and was 
always deeply interested in the public 
affairs of his community. Politically he 
was a Republican. In 1867-68 he was 
elected a member of the Common Council 
from Ward Two, and during his term 
was instrumental in getting the Union 
street sewer laid. For nine consecutive 
years he served faithfully and well on the 
Board of Education, and any project in- 
telligently planned for the welfare of the 
city found in him an able and sympathetic 
supporter. On October 20, 1868, he mar- 
ried Mary Waite Allis, born in Hatfield, 
Massachusetts, in 1833, died December 
8, 1916, daughter of Dexter Allis, and to 
this marriage six children were born : 
Mary Allis, who married Joseph Searle 
Gaylord ; Cornelius Searle, of whom fur- 
ther; Dexter Allis, who died in infancy; 
Martha Asenath ; Marion Elizabeth, de- 
ceased ; Mabel Grace, deceased. 

(IX) Dr. Cornelius Searle (2) Hurl- 
but, son of Dr. Cornelius Searle (i) and 
Mary Waite (Allis) Hurlbut, was born in 
Springfield, Massachusetts, June i, 1871. 
He received his preparatory education in 
the grammar and high schools of Spring- 
field, and then entered Amherst College, 
where he remained for one year. Feeling 
that longer general academic training 
would but delay him in taking up his pro- 
fessional studies, and greatly desiring to 

become an expert dentist like his re- 
nowned father, he left Amherst at the 
end of the first year, and after spending 
one year in his father's office he entered 
Pennsylvania Dental College, from which 
he graduated in 1895. He began practice 
at once with his father, and among 
the splendid and constantly increasing 
clientele already built up he found full 
scope for all his energies, and a field for 
unlimited future growth. As long as the 
father lived the two continued to work 
together, and since 1901 the son has con- 
tinued the practice alone. In 1918 he 
took a special course at a dental school 
in Chicago, in orthodontia. He has a very 
large general practice, keeping great 
numbers of those whom his father for- 
merly attended, and constantly adding 
new patients to his lists, because of the 
excellence of his work. 

Dr. Hurlbut lives in East Longmeadow, 
where he owns a farm of some sixteen 
acres. He is a member of Valley District 
and State and National Dental societies, 
and was treasurer of the State Society, 
1910-1911. With all his manifold pro- 
fessional duties. Dr. Hurlbut has found 
time to serve his community and to enjoy 
fraternal associations. He is a member 
of the school board in East Longmeadow, 
and is always interested in all that per- 
tains to the welfare of his community. 
Fraternally he is a thirty-second degree 
Mason, having become a member of all 
the Scottish Rite bodies. He is now a 
member of Springfield Lodge. 

On October i, 1899, Dr. Hurlbut mar- 
ried Marion Clark Adams, born in North- 
field, Massachusetts, resided in Brattle- 
boro, Vermont, daughter of Eugene and 
Harriet (Clark) Adams, and they are the 
parents of three children : Charlotte Hol- 
lister, born July 12, 1904; Cornelius 
Searle (3), born June 30, 1906; and 
Eleanor Clark, born April 12, 191 1. 


WARNER, Charles Franklin 

The Warner family, represented by 
Charles F. Warner, is a very old Colonial 
family, which in England has had hon- 
ored and honorable representatives for 
many centuries. Authors, lawyers, po- 
litical representatives and skilled artisans, 
as well as men of almost every profes- 
sion, have borne this honorable old name ; 
and more than twenty families of the 
name have coats-of-arms of different de- 
signs. Important branches have lived 
and are living in counties Kent, Norfolk, 
Suffolk, Warwick, and York, England ; 
in Ayrshire, Scotland, and in Ireland. 
Being possessed of much energy, enter- 
prise, and resourcefulness, its members 
were quick to perceive the possibilities of 
life across the seas in the great, new, un- 
developed continent to the westward, 
and several of them were among the ear- 
liest settlers in New England. Andrew 
Warner came in 1632 and was one of the 
proprietors of Cambridge in 1633. As 
Cambridge grew he moved out to new 
regions, being among the first settlers 
of Hartford, Connecticut, and still later 
helping in the settlement of Hadley, Mas- 
sachusetts. William Warner came in 
1637, and was among the very first set- 
tlers in Ipswich, Massachusetts, while 
Samuel Warner was in Harvard, Massa- 
chusetts, in 1640, as was Benjamin War- 
ner in 1644. 

Thus the Warner name is well repre- 
sented in the early history of Massachu- 
setts. Some of the descendants of these 
immigrant ancestors migrated to other 
regions, but others remained in the sec- 
tion originally chosen by their ancestors 
and have continued to be prominent in 
the life of the Bay State. 

The grandfather of Charles Franklin 
Warner was a carpenter by trade, one of 
the carpenters of the good old days who 
built for the future as well as for the 


present and gave his patrons no cause for 
complaint. He lived at various times at 
Cambridge, Watertown, Gardner, and 
Harvard, Massachusetts, continued his 
activities as a farmer late in life, and was 
buried in Clinton, Massachusetts. He 
married and reared a family of children : 
Emeline ; Benjamin Franklin, of whom 
further ; Elizabeth Grover, who married 
IT. A. Ranlett; and Lydia Fairbanks, all 

Benjamin Franklin Warner was born 
in Gardner, Massachusetts, April 19, 
1832, and died at his home in Hallowell, 
Maine, in March, 1917, aged eighty-five 
years. He received a practical education 
in the Cambridge, Massachusetts, schools, 
making the most of his opportunities and 
laying the foundations for an active and 
efficient mature life. As a young man 
he was employed as a clerk in a dry goods 
store in Boston, where he gained experi- 
ence which was to serve him well in later 
years. In i860, having worked indus- 
triously and thriftily during the inter- 
vening years and saved carefully in order 
that he might venture upon an independ- 
ent business career, he formed a partner- 
ship with James Beal, under the firm 
name of Warner & Beal, and opened a 
dry goods store in Hallowell, Maine. He 
conducted this venture conservatively 
and successfully, doing a wholesale and 
retail business, which grew steadily, and 
which he continued to manage until he 
had reached the unusual age (for active 
life) of eighty-two years. A man of keen 
intelligence and large ability, he was 
actively interested in the welfare of his 
community, and gave freely of his time, 
his influence, and his means for the ad- 
vancement of municipal prosperity. He 
was chosen mayor of the city, the duties 
of which responsible position he dis- 
charged faithfully and well. Fraternally, 
he was a thirty-second degree Mason, and 


a Knight Templar. He was a member 
of the Universalist church. 

Benjamin Franklin Warner married 
Caroline Buckman, who died in 1864, 
and they were the parents of four chil- 
dren : Charles Franklin, of whom fur- 
ther; George Benjamin, Herbert Alfred, 
and Edward Grover. 

Charles Franklin Warner, son of Ben- 
jamin F. and Caroline (Buckman) War- 
ner, was born in Somerville, Massachu- 
setts, July 31, 1857, but removed to Maine 
with his parents when a small child. He 
received his preparatory education in the 
Hallowell Classical Academy, and then 
entered Colby College in Waterville, 
Maine, graduating in 1879. An excellent 
student and possessed of large adminis- 
trative ability, he thoroughly prepared 
himself for administrative work in his 
chosen profession by a special course in 
the Bridgewater (Massachusetts) State 
Normal School. He supplemented his 
college work with special courses in phy- 
sical science at Bowdoin College and at 
Harvard University. While in Cam- 
bridge, he became especially interested in 
the new developments in molecular phy- 
sics, and experimented extensively with 
the X-ray and with liquid air. His work 
resulted in the earliest successful applica- 
tions of the X-ray in surgery and den- 
tistry. The first steps in the solidification 
of air were taken in his laboratory at 
Springfield. For this original work in 
physics he was made a Doctor in Science 
(Sc. D.) by Colby College, in June, 1909. 

His first professional appointment was 
that of superintendent of schools in Au- 
gusta, where he served for a year and a 
half, resigning to accept the assistant 
principalship in charge of the Depart- 
ment of Science of the Farmington 
(Maine) State Normal School. His abil- 
ity and his thorough preparation made 
his five years of service in that position 

of great value to the system and to the 
young people who profited by his teach- 
ing and administration. He next went to 
Cambridge, Massachusetts, where for ten 
years he taught, gaining that intimate ac- 
quaintance with the merits and defects of 
our educational system which can only 
be gained in the school room and by in- 
timate contact with large numbers of 
young people who attend the public 
schools. Impressed with the clearly rec- 
ognized fact that certain vital needs of 
the majority of the children in the schools 
were not being met as adequately as they 
might be, and seeing clearly that the 
State owes its citizens a training which 
will enable them to secure that economic 
independence without which political 
freedom is but a name, Mr. Warner saw 
in the technical school the road to free- 
dom for numbers of future citizens. Ac- 
cordingly, in 1898, he came to Spring- 
field as principal of the Mechanic Arts 
High School, and the first evening public 
school in America devoted to technical 
education. The evening school met a 
long felt need and was successful beyond 
the brightest hopes of its founder. The 
Mechanic Arts High School, which later 
became the Technical High School, 
opened with an enrollment of thirteen 
boys. The present enrollment of one 
thousand speaks most eloquently of the 
success of the work and of the high qual- 
ity of the service which has been ren- 
dered by the organizer of the school. His 
has been an epoch-making work along 
the line of vocational education. He has 
studied the field of vocational education 
both in this country and abroad ; has 
written many helpful and enlightening 
articles upon the subject ; and above all, 
has demonstrated the practical value of 
the theories he has advanced. During 
the World War, Mr. Warner turned his 
knowledge and skill along technical lines 



to excellent advantage. He was in Eng- 
land doing special work in his chosen 
field when the war broke out. He organ- 
ized and ran a war school, represented 
this city with two hundred and fifty boys 
prepared for the front, and had made 
preparations to carry out a contract with 
the United States War Department for 
one thousand more when the armistice 
was signed. In addition to all this work 
of preparing others for war duty, Mr. 
Warner was chosen to go overseas him- 
self, as a member of the Young Men's 
Christian Association forces, but was pre- 
vented by his duties in the War Training 

With all his responsibilities, Mr. War- 
ner has had time for active association 
with several professional and semi-pro- 
fessional societies. At this writing he is 
president of the George Washington 
Chapter, Sons of the American Revolu- 
tion ; a member and president of the High 
School Masters' Club, of Massachusetts ; 
a trustee of the American International 
College ; and a member of several educa- 
tional associations. He has served as a 
member of the board of trustees of Colby 
College, of Waterville, Maine ; is a mem- 
ber of the Harvard Graduate Club ; of the 
Colby Chapter of Delta Upsilon ; and the 
college scholarship fraternity. Phi Beta 
Kappa. He holds membership in two of 
the leading literary clubs of Springfield ; 
and is a deacon of the South Congrega- 
tional Church, 

Charles Franklin Warner married, on 
July 5, 1886, Marion Luce, of Vassalboro, 
Maine, daughter of Nelson A. and Mar- 
garet (Learned) Luce, and they are the 
parents of one daughter, Margaret Luce 
Warner, who is a graduate of Vassar Col- 
lege, holds the degree of Master of Arts 
from Radclifife, and has studied abroad. 
She is a teacher of languages and music. 

HARRINGTON, John Spiers 

Among the successful business men of 
Springfield is John Spiers Harrington, 
treasurer and organizer of the J. S. Har- 
rington Company, Inc., of Springfield, 
and one of the directors of the Harring- 
ton Hudson Company, of Hartford, Con- 
necticut, the latter concern being agents 
for the Hudson and Essex cars for North- 
ern and Eastern Connecticut. 

Mr. Harrington comes of very old 
Colonial stock, tracing his ancestry to 
Robert Harrington, born in England in 
1616, who came to this country on the 
ship "Elizabeth," which sailed from Eng- 
land, April 10, 1634. He settled in Water- 
town, Massachusetts, where he was given 
a "homestall" by Deacon Thomas Has- 
tings, probably a relative. On the list of 
proprietors of Watertown, made between 
1642 and 1644, his name appears last, he 
then being the owner of the above men- 
tioned "homestall." That he prospered 
and added largely to this modest bit of 
real estate is evidenced by the fact that 
his will, dated January i, 1704, inven- 
tories sixteen lots of land, amounting to 
647^ acres, appraised at £717, and a 
house and mill valued at £127. He was 
made a freeman May 27, 1663, and died 
May II, 1707, aged ninety-one years. On 
October i, 1648, Robert Harrington mar- 
ried Susan (or Susanna) George, daugh- 
ter of John George, of Watertown, and 
their children were: Susanna, born Au- 
gust 18, 1649, married February 9, 1671, 
John Cutting; John, born August 24, 
1651, died August 24, 1741 ; Robert, born 
August 31, 1653, ^^^^ young; George, 
born November 24, 1655, was in Captain 
Samuel Wadsworth's Company, and was 
killed by the Indians at Lancaster, Penn- 
sylvania, in February, 1675 ; Daniel, born 
November i, 1657, died April 19, 1728; 
Joseph, born December 28, 1659; Benja- 
min, born January 20, 1661, died 1724; 





Mary, born January 12, 1663, married 
John Bemis ; Thomas, born April 20, 1665, 
died March 20, 1712; Samuel, born De- 
cember 18, 1666; Edward, born in March, 
1668; Sarah, born March 10, 1670, mar- 
ried Joseph Winship, Jr., November 24, 
1687, and died November 28, 1710; David, 
born June i, 1673, died March 11, 1675. 

(II) Edward Harrington, son of Rob- 
ert and Susanna (George) Harrington, 
was a selectman of Watertown, 1716-30- 
1731. He married (first), March 30, 
1692, Mary Ocington ; (second), May 24, 
1727, Anna, widow of Jonathan Bullard, 
of Weston, Massachusetts. His children 
were : Mary, born January 2, 1693, mar- 
ried Daniel Rogers, December 7, 1710; 
William, born November 11, 1694, died 
February 27, 175 1 ; Mindwell, born June 
19, 1697, died October 14, 1700; Joanna, 
born August 16, 1699, married John 
Taintor, May 25, 1720; Edward, born 
June 27, 1702, died December 6, 1792; 
Samuel, born August 3, 1704; Nathaniel, 
born June 25, 1706, known as "Master 
Harrington ;" Francis, of whom further ; 
Susanna, born September 9, 171 1, married 
Samuel Barnard, and her son, Samuel, 
was one of the "Boston tea party" and a 
major in the Revolutionary War. 

(III) Francis Harrington, son of Ed- 
ward and Mary (Ocington) Harrington, 
was born June 11, 1709, and died July 18, 
1793, aged eighty-four. In 1736, the date 
of his first marriage, he was recorded as 
being "of Grafton," but in the spring of 
1 741 he purchased of Joseph and Mary 
Dana, of Pomfret, Connecticut, the farm 
in Worcester that was to be his future 
home. He was the first of his name to 
settle in Worcester; was recorded on the 
list "of persons qualified to serve as 
jurymen agreeable to law." At the select- 
men's meeting held July 19. 1742, he was 
chosen as field driver, being elected the 
following year. In March, 1748, he was 

chosen constable; from 1754 to 1777, in- 
clusive, he served on the committee ap- 
pointed to secure school masters for his 
district; and during the years 1750-58-63- 
1768-72-83, he served as surveyor of high- 
ways and collector of highway taxes. He 
married (first), in 1736, Prudence 
Stearns, of Watertown, Massachusetts, 
born April 27, 1713, died at Worcester, in 
August, 1751 ; (second), November 14, 
1752, Deborah Brigham. Children of 
first marriage : Francis, born in Grafton, 
in 1737, died in Worcester, April 6, 1768; 
Nathaniel, of whom further. Children of 
second marriage : Mary, born in Wor- 
cester, December 16, 1753, married Jon- 
athan Stone, Jr., in February, 1777; Pru- 
dence, born April 20, 1755, married Jonah 
Perry, July 6, 1780; William, born No- 
vember 18, 1756, married Mary Perry, 
May 29, 1 781. 

(IV) Nathaniel Harrington, son of 
Francis and Prudence (Stearns) Har- 
rington, was born in Worcester, in 1742. 
He was born and reared on the Harring- 
ton homestead, and was one of those who 
marched in response to the Lexington 
alarm, April 19, 1775, he serving as ser- 
geant in Captain Timothy Bigelow's 
Company of Minute-Men, Colonel Arte- 
mus Ward's Regiment. He signed, with 
others, the order for advance pay in June, 
1775; and was later first lieutenant in 
Captain Joshua Whitney's Company, 
Fifth Worcester County Regiment of 
Massachusetts Militia. He was chosen 
to serve as "hog reeve," March 11, 1777; 
two years later was on the jury list, in 
1780 was assessor, and in the following 
year served on the school committee. On 
this last committee he served from 1790 
to 1808, being one of the committee 
chosen for building public schoolhouses, 
1797-99. From 1803 to 1809, inclusive, 
he served as selectman. In 1808 he, with 
other members of the board, signed a 



letter to the selectmen of Boston, declin- 
ing to join the city of Boston in a petition 
addressed to President Jefferson, asking 
for the suspension of the Embargo Act. 
One of his last services to the town was 
the running of the boundary line between 
Worcester and Shrewsbury. He mar- 
ried, July 2, 1776, Ruth Stone, born in 
1748, died August 24, 1817, and they 
were the parents of three children: 
Francis, of whom further ; Jonathan, born 
October 31, 1779, married Mary Flagg; 
and Sarah, born August 14, 1786. 

(V) Captain Francis (2) Harrington, 
son of Nathaniel and Ruth (Stone) Har- 
rington, was born May 15, 1777, and died 
October 17, 1841. He remained on the 
homestead, was captain of the militia of 
the Worcester South Company, and held 
various responsible town positions such 
as school committeeman, surveyor of 
highways, and collector of highway taxes. 
He married Lydia Perry, and their chil- 
dren were: Daniel, of whom further; 
Mary, born March 20, 1804, married Cap- 
tain and Deacon Samuel Perry; Hannah, 
born February 12, 1806, died July 14, 
1823; Joseph, born February 27, 1808, 
died April 13, 1812; Francis, born August 
II, 1811, was an alderman in i860, mar- 
ried (first) Harriet W. Robinson, (sec- 
ond) Frances J. Moore; Lydia, born De- 
cember 12, 1814, married Nahum Flagg. 
(VI) Captain Daniel Harrington, son 
of Captain Francis (2) and Lydia (Perry) 
Harrington, was born October 4, 1802, 
and died September 11, 1863. He lived 
on the homestead, and in 1831 his name 
appears on the jury, list. Later he served 
as school committeeman and highway 
surveyor, and in 1849-50 was a member 
of the Common Council, serving the fol- 
lowing year on the Board of Aldermen. 
He married Clarissa Gray, born August 
23, 1809, died June 6, 1885, and they were 
the parents of nine children: i, Joseph 

A., born October 26, 1829, died December 
4, 1875; a soldier in Fifty-first Regiment, 
Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, in the 
Civil War, for nine months; married 
Zelia M. Pierce. 2. Emily A., born Octo- 
ber 23, 183 1 ; married George S. Battelle, 
died 1883. 3. Charles A., born May 20, 
1834, died October 16, 1905; married 
(first) Lucy Goulding; (second) Mar- 
garet Patch. 4. Henry M., born March 
20, 1836, died August 6, 1837. 5. Delia 
A., born March 21, 1841 ; married, in 1863, 
George B. Andrews. 6. Maria A., born 
September 2, 1843; married Edward W. 
Wellington. 7. Hon. Francis Alfred, 
born November 17, 1846; married (first) 
Roxanna M. Grout, (second) Lillia 
(Dudley) Leighton. 8. George A., born 
July 8, 1849, died 1883. 9. Daniel A., of 
whom further. 

(VII) Daniel A. Harrington, son of 
Captain Daniel and Clarissa (Gray) Har- 
rington, was born May 8, 185 1. He re- 
ceived his early education in the Wor- 
cester schools and in Worcester Acad- 
emy, and then entered Howe's Business 
College, at Worcester, from which he 
was graduated in 1866. Until 1876 he 
lived on the old Harrington homestead 
farming and contracting in the dairy 
business, and then engaged in the livery 
business, which he continued for more 
than thirty years, housing his equipment 
in the most modern of barns and stables, 
and conducting an eminently successful 
and prosperous business. He was presi- 
dent and treasurer of the Harrington 
Automobile Station. Fraternally he was 
affiliated with the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows, and in 1903 was elected 
brigadier-general of the Second Brigade 
of Patriarchs Militant of the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows. He took an ac- 
tive part in public affairs, serving two 
terms on the Board of Aldermen, and 
was a member of the board when the 



vote was passed to build the new city 
hall of Worcester. Mr. Harrington mar- 
ried Jennie A. Spiers, and they were the 
parents of four children : Clara A., a 
teacher in the public schools of Wor- 
cester ; Josie A., who married Herbert 
Linnell. deceased; John S., of whom fur- 
ther; and Daniel A. (2), born January 7, 
1882, now living in Hartford. 

(VIII) John Spiers Harrington, son 
of Daniel A. and Jennie A. (Spiers) Har- 
rington, was born at Worcester, Massa- 
chusetts, August I, 1880. He received 
his education in the public schools of 
Worcester, including the high school, and 
when his studies were completed, en- 
gaged in the automobile business, taking 
the Worcester agency for the Oldsmobile 
and for the Locomobile cars. Later, as 
he built up a successful business, he 
added to these two, the Ford, the Knox, 
and the Stevens-Duryea. These he con- 
tinued to sell until 1909, when he began 
selling the Chalmers and the Hudson, 
opening a store in Providence, Rhode 
Island, where he handled the Thomas, 
Chalmers, and Hudson cars. In 1912 he 
still further enlarged his business by 
adding to his stores in Worcester and 
Providence a third establishment in Bos- 
ton, Massachusetts, from which he sold 
the Everett car throughout New Eng- 
land. In 1914 Mr. Harrington came to 
Springfield, Massachusetts, and in 191 5 
he organized the Harrington-Gififord 
Company. This continued until 1918, 
when Mr. Harrington bought out Mr. 
Gifford's interest and organized the J. S. 
Harrington Company, Inc., of which he 
is treasurer. This concern handles the 
Hudson and Essex cars in W^orcester, 
Massachusetts. Mr. Harrington is also 
a director of the Harrington Hudson 
Company, of Hartford, Connecticut, con- 
trolling the sale of Hudson and Essex 
cars in Northern and Eastern Connec- 

The business transacted by the J. S. 
Harrington Company, Inc., in the Spring- 
field district, has steadily increased un- 
der the efficient management of Mr. Har- 
rington, and is now installed in new 
quarters at Worthington and Chestnut 
streets. Here ample space is provided for 
the display of Hudson and Essex cars, 
and for the office and sales force. The 
office is located at the rear, partly on the 
main floor and partly on a mezzanine 
floor. In 1914, when Mr. Harrington 
came to Springfield as representative of 
the E. V. Stratton Company, whose ter- 
ritory included Springfield, it was his 
task to build up an entirely new business 
for the Hudson car. His first salesroom 
was in the building at the corner of Win- 
ter and Chestnut streets, over the local 
branch of the Fisk Rubber Company. A 
few months later Mr. Harrington took 
over the local Hudson agency and organ- 
ized the Harrington-Gifford Company, 
which in a short time outgrew its quar- 
ters. A sales and service station was 
erected at Liberty and North streets, but 
in a few years the enterprise had again 
outgrown its housing and the new build- 
ing on Chestnut street, now occupied by 
the Reo Springfield Company, became 
the headquarters of the Harrington- 
GifiFord Company. When, in 1918, Mr. 
Harrington organized the J. S. Harring- 
ton Company, Inc., and engaged in busi- 
ness for himself, he moved into a sales- 
room at No. 158 Chestnut street, open- 
ing a large service station in Central 
street. The growth of the service station 
is an indication of the extent of the 
growth of the Hudson and Essex business 
in the Springfield territory. When Mr. 
Harrington came to Springfield he em- 
ployed two service men. At the present 
time (October, 1922), there are twenty 
mechanics in the Central street service 
station, working under the management 
of Walter Regal, who was formerly final 



inspector for the Locomobile Company in 
Bridgeport, Connecticut, and during the 
war was final inspector for liberty motors 
in the Aviation Corps in France. Wil- 
liam Tyler is stock room manager, hav- 
ing two clerks, and Mr. Harrington's 
sales force numbers five men, with A. R. 
Flinchbaugh as sales manager. The of- 
fice force includes an auditor and four 
stenographers. The old salesroom at No. 
158 Chestnut street is retained as a used 
car sales department, conducted inde- 
pendently of the sales department for 
new cars. In addition to this greatly en- 
larged establishment in Springfield, Mr. 
Harrington has a sales branch at No. 229 
Maple street, Holyoke, Massachusetts, of 
which William R. Parsons is manager, 
and also has subdealers in Pittsfield, 
Adams, Northampton, Westfield, and 

With all his exacting business respon- 
sibilities, which he is handling most effi- 
ciently and successfully, Mr. Harring- 
ton finds time for fraternal and social 
affiliations. He is a thirty-second degree 
Mason, being a member of Athelston 
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, of 
Worcester ; of Worcester Commandery, 
Knights Templar; of all the Scottish Rite 
bodies in Worcester, including the thirty- 
second ; and of Melha Temple, Ancient 
Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic 
Shrine of Springfield. He is also a mem- 
ber of the Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Elks ; of the Springfield Coun- 
try Club ; of the Nayasset Club ; and of 
the Automobile Club of Springfield ; also 
a member of the One of a Thousand Club, 
a national automobile dealers' associa- 
tion, composed of one thousand carefully 
selected automobile dealers of the United 

On June 10, 1902, John Spiers Har- 
rington married Mabel M. Clark, of Wor- 
cester, Massachusetts, daughter of Wil- 

liam B. Clark, and they are the parents 
of two children : John S., Jr., born Octo- 
ber 27, 1903 ; and William Clark, born 
June 28, 1905, both of whom were born 
in Worcester, Massachusetts, and re- 
ceived their education in the schools of 
Worcester and of Brookline, and in 
Springfield High School. 

Mcknight, John Dwight 

Among those who made a permanent 
contribution to the development and 
growth of the city of Springfield was 
John D. McKnight, who purchased one 
of the most sandy and barren tracts of 
land in the environs of the city and trans- 
formed it into a beautiful and desirable 
residential district of the community. 
The McKnight district vies with the 
United States Armory as a feature of 
Springfield first to be pointed out to the 
stranger, and the aesthetic features of 
that beautiful group of homes are due to 
the artistic taste and skill of John D. 

The McKnight family is of very old 
Scotch lineage, and was early represented 
in this country by immigrant members 
whose descendants are to-day scattered 
over the area of the United States. 
Among these descendants was Lewis 
McKnight, great-grandfather of John 
Dwight McKnight. 

Lewis McKnight, of Scotch descent, 
was a resident of Monmouth county. New 
Jersey, and is buried near Freehold, that 
State. He was a man of high integrity, 
and greatly respected by his fellow-cit- 
izens as an honest, thrifty. God-fearing 
man, whose daily intercourse with his 
fellows was directed by the highest ideals 
of Christian conduct. His brother, the 
Rev. Charles McKnight, was for many 
years a Presbyterian minister in Mon- 
mouth county. New Jersey, where he was 
greatly loved and respected. Lewis Mc- 



Knigfht married and reared a family of 
children, among whom were three sons : 
Lewis, Joseph, and Robert, of whom 

Robert McKnight, son of Lewis Mc- 
Knight, was born at, or near, Freehold, 
in Monmouth county, New Jersey, in 
1745, and died in 1826, aged eighty-one 
years. He received his education in the 
schools of his native district, and as a 
young man went to Cortland county, 
New York, where as one of the first set- 
tlers he found an unbroken forest and un- 
limited opportunity. In 1799 he pur- 
chased 550 acres of land near the present 
site of the town of Truxton, New York, 
built a log cabin upon it, and began the 
arduous but simple and wholesome life 
of the pioneer. Albany, New York, 150 
miles away, was the nearest market, but 
this did not prevent the sturdy pioneer 
from planting and harvesting his crops. 
As hard work and long waiting began to 
yield the reward of abundant harvests, 
he built a frame house, the first to be 
erected in the town, and lead in the prog- 
ress of the little settlement by being the 
first to send his wheat to market. Roads 
were the great necessity of the region, 
and Robert McKnight took an active part 
in providing funds, as well as in aiding 
in the actual work of construction. A 
toll turnpike was laid, of which Robert 
McKnight owned a goodly proportion of 
the shares, and in all the public affairs 
of the growing community he was one of 
the leaders. His wife, Lydia, whom he 
married in 1774, died in 1818, aged sixty- 
six years, and they were the parents of 
seven children : Sarah, Rebecca, Ann, 
Lewis, Joseph, Thomas ; and Charles, of 
further mention. 

Charles McKnight, son of Robert and 
Lydia McKnight, was born August 12, 
1787, and died October 12, i860. He was 
a respected and influential citizen of 

Truxton, New York, and after the death 
of his father was intrusted with the man- 
agement of the family affairs. He took 
an active part in all projects for the ad- 
vancement of the community, taking es- 
pecial interest in the development of a 
church and school, and to his efforts was 
due a large share of the improvements 
made in these two institutions. He mar- 
ried, August 30, 1821, Almira Clapp, who 
died September 2, 1866, and they were 
the parents of ten children : Almira Ann, 
who married J. M. Coats ; Julia Eliza, 
who married Simeon Newell ; Charles 
Lyman ; Lucilia, who married Norman 
Talcott ; Alonzo Lewis ; John Dwight, of 
whom further ; William Harrison ; Emily, 
who married John Studd ; Sarah Henri- 
etta ; and Frances Marion, who married 
Newton Hawley. 

John D. McKnight, son of Charles and 
Almira (Clapp) McKnight, was born at 
Truxton, New York, January 28, 1835, 
and died in Springfield, Massachusetts, 
December 20, 1890. He received his 
education in the public schools of his na- 
tive district, and like many of the boys 
and young men of his time, resolved when 
school days were over to try his for- 
tune in the West. Before his ardently 
planned trip to California could be under- 
taken, however, sickness in the family 
made it necessary that he should remain 
at home. Instead of going to the west- 
ern coast he went to New York City, just 
before his twenty-first birthday was 
reached, hoping to secure employment as 
clerk in some store. Staying at a 
crowded hotel one night, he shared a 
room with A. W. Lincoln, of Springfield. 
It happened that Mr. Lincoln had just 
advertised for a clerk, and learning that 
the lad had come to New York in search 
of such a position, and being agreeably 
impressed with the manner of the boy, 
induced him to return with him to Spring- 



field, Massachusetts. Mr. Lincoln's store 
was situated nearly opposite the Chico- 
pee Bank, and there young John D. Mc- 
Knight was employed as a clerk for about 
a year. At the end of that time he re- 
turned to Truxton, New York, and en- 
gaged in the dry goods business for him- 
self, in partnership with his brother-in- 
law, J. M. Shedd. This connection was 
maintained for some time, but Mr. Mc- 
Knight's health was poor, and becoming 
alarmed because of his condition, he 
started on a sea voyage accompanied by 
Mr. Shedd. They went to Labrador, and 
Mr. McKnight returned much improved 
in health. In 1859 ^^ returned to Spring- 
field, and entered the employ of Tillie 
Haynes & Company. About this time his 
brother, W. H. McKnight, also came to 
Springfield and entered the employ of 
Mr. Lincoln as clerk. When the Civil 
War broke out, J. D. McKnight severed 
his connection with Tillie Haynes & 
Company, after having vainly tried to sell 
goods at Savannah, Georgia, to South- 
erners who would have nothing to do 
with Yankee supplies. With W. W. 
Norton, Mr. McKnight then purchased 
the dry goods business of Samuel Bige- 
low, which was housed in a small block 
near where the Western Union Telegraph 
office is now located. W. H. McKnight 
was then, with Mr. Shedd, conducting a 
dry goods store on the corner of Main 
and Pynchon streets. In 1865 the Mc- 
Knight brothers, with Mr. Norton and 
N. I. Hawley, organized the firm of Mc- 
Knight, Norton & Hawley. This com- 
bination was successful, and became one 
of the widely known and prosperous dry 
goods firms in the city. It continued to 
grow and flourish until 1876, when it was 
burned out in the big fire of that year. 
During the period before the fire, J. D. 
McKnight had built up a carpet depart- 
ment, occupying a part of the estal:)lish- 

ment. On the site of the ruins of the fire 
Mr. McKnight built the block now occu- 
pied by the Tillie L. Haynes Company 
and other concerns, and McKnight, Nor- 
ton & Hawley moved into one of the new 
stores. But financial embarrassment fol- 
lowed, and Mr. Hawley sold out his inter- 
ests, and although the company was able 
to pay all its creditors, J. D. McKnight's 
investment in the block was entirely lost 
in insolvency proceedings. This prac- 
tically ended his career as a dry goods 
merchant. He then went into real estate 
development, purchased a barren, sandy, 
unattractive piece of land in the then 
suburbs of the city, where he went to 
work with undaunted courage. Later 
his brother was admitted as a partner. 
In about twelve years the brothers trans- 
formed that barren tract into one of the 
finest residential sections of the city, 
making of it a community which became 
not only the pride of the city, but which 
has attracted the attention of the resi- 
dents of extensive areas outside the city. 
Its cottages, its lawns, its streets, and its 
parks, call forth the admiration of all vis- 
itors to Springfield, and it not infre- 
quently happens that visitors come to the 
city for the express purpose of seeing the 
famous McKnight district. While J. D. 
McKnight was not entirely responsible 
for the financial success of the undertak- 
ing, he was entirely responsible for the 
aesthetic features of the community, 
which in no small degree have insured 
the financial success. His brother, W. H. 
McKnight, always left the landscape gar- 
dening to him from the first laying out 
of the streets to the final planting of 
trees and shrubbery, and that he brought 
to the work a rare artistic taste and abil- 
ity is evidenced by the beauty of the dis- 
trict. In 1881 the brothers bought 150 
acres north of Bay street, which they 
systematically developed, opening wide 


streets, planting trees, and laying out 
building lots which provided generous 
lawns for each cottage. When the lots 
were laid out, W. H. McKnight would 
take charge and attend to the building of 
attractive cottages which were sold with 
the greatest care and under conditions 
which excluded undesirable residents. 
The orginal plot was soon doubled, and 
from twenty-five to forty houses a year 
have been built and sold. About $ioo,- 
000 have been invested in street improve- 
ments, $250,000 in land, and the cost of 
the buildings erected has varied from 
$2,500 to $8,000. Five attractive corners 
were devoted to parks, adorned with 
fountains and shrubbery, and in Ingersoll 
Grove, in the northern end of the dis- 
trict, J. D. McKnight built his own home. 
To the eastward the work of develop- 
ment had extended as far as the New 
England railroad by the summer of 1921, 
and, realizing that this would probably 
be the limit of the new ground in that 
direction, Mr. McKnight named all the 
streets, most of them being named after 
colleges. As land in this direction be- 
came limited, the McKnights turned their 
attention to Forest Park, and such was 
the confidence felt by the general public 
in the management of the McKnights 
that the real estate syndicate which pur- 
chased the adjoining property did so only 
on condition that the McKnights should 
have charge of it. 

Aside from public improvements, 
which were prompted by a love for 
Springfield, Mr. McKnight did not take 
an active part in public afifairs. He did, 
however, serve as a member of the City 
Council in 1873, ^^id at the time of his 
death was park commissioner. A home- 
loving man, devoted to his family, he 
formed no club affiliations, and was not 
a member of fraternal orders. He was 
an exceedingly busy man, but he was 
never too busy to take an interested per- 

Mass — 11 — 16 24 

son to Forest Park, which was the pride 
of his later days. His religious affilia- 
tion was with South Church, of which he 
was a member from 1854 to the time of 
his death. 

On July 19, 1864, John D. McKnight 
married Mary E. Hubbard, of Seneca 
Falls, New York, who died January 18, 
1906, and they were the parents of five 
children: i. Charles H., born January 4, 
1866, died in 1916, leaving a son, Edward 
Fuller McKnight. 2. Mary Alice, born 
August 7, 1868, died March 28, 1895. 3. 
Florence, born June 30, 1871, married 
Frank L. Pierce. 4. Marion, married 
Philip H. Remington, son of Almon E. 
and Clara A. (Trask) Remington, grand- 
son of Samuel Fowler Remington, and 
great-grandson of Almon Remington, of 
Suffield, Connecticut. Philip H. Rem- 
ington was born in Springfield, Massa- 
chusetts, April 17, 1876, received his edu- 
cation in the public schools of Spring- 
field, and then became associated with 
the Third National Bank of Springfield, 
where, as bookkeeper and teller, he re- 
mained for thirteen years. He then be- 
came identified with the L. S. Brown 
Charcoal Company, of which he is now 
treasurer, general manager, and principal 
owner. He is an energetic business man, 
and is well known in club circles, being 
affiliated with the Rotary Club, the Pub- 
licity Club, Winthrop Club, and the Man- 
choris Club, the latter of North Wilbra- 
ham. He is an attendant of South Con- 
gregational Church. Mr. and Mrs. Rem- 
ington are the parents of three children: 
Rebecca, who died in infancy ; Mary, 
born December 11, 1905; and Florence, 
born November 18, 1908. 5. Robert 
Lewis, born June 30, i* 

SCUDDER, Elisha Gage 

Among the business men of Springfield, 
Massachusetts, is Elisha Gage Scudder, 
assistant treasurer of the Handy Choc- 


olate Company, with which concern he 
has been associated since 1916. Mr. 
Scudder is descended from old Colonial 
stock, tracing his ancestry to John Scud- 
der, who came to Massachusetts in 1635, 
the line of descent being traced as 
follows : 

(I) John Scudder, immigrant ancestor 
of Elisha Gage Scudder, and of those of 
the name in Barnstable, Massachusetts, 
was born in England, in 1619, and came 
from London to America in 1635, settling 
in Charlestown, Massachusetts, where he 
was made freeman in 1639. In 1640 he 
removed to Barnstable, where he con- 
tinued to reside until his death in 1689. 
His wife, Hannah, survived him, and 
their children were: Elizabeth, Sarah, 
Mary, Hannah ; and John, of whom 

(II) John (2) Scudder, son of John 
(i) and Hannah Scudder, died at Chat- 
ham, in 1742, "very aged." He married, 
in 1689, Elizabeth Hamblin, daughter of 
James Hamblin, and she died in 1743. 
Their children were: John, Experience, 
James ; Ebenezer, of whom further ; Re- 
liance, and Hannah. 

(III) Ebenezer Scudder, son of John 
(2) and Elizabeth (Hamblin) Scudder, 
married, and reared a family of children, 
among whom was Eleazer, of whom 

(IV) Eleazer Scudder, son of Eben- 
ezer Scudder, married, and was the father 
of David, of whom further. 

(V) David Scudder, son of Eleazer 
Scudder, was born January 5, 1763. He 
was a prominent man in his community, 
serving for many years as clerk of the 
courts of Barnstable county. He mar- 
ried Desire Gage, and they were the 
parents of: Charles, born June 3, 1789; 
and Frederick, of whom further. 

(VI) Frederick Scudder, younger son 
of David and Desire (Gage) Scudder, was 

born at Barnstable, in 1805, ^^^ died in 
1878, aged seventy-three. He was an 
upright, active man, and a public-spirited 
citizen, who was for several years county 
treasurer and registrar of deeds, and who 
was long remembered and esteemed for 
his intimate connection with the county 
offices, for his courteous demeanor, for 
his devotion to public duties, and for his 
upright and useful life. He married, No- 
vember 30, 1831, Cordelia Gage, who was 
born in 1805, and died in 1871, and their 
children, all born in Hyannisport, Massa- 
chusetts, were : Eugenia Jane, who died 
in 1906, aged seventy-three; Abbie Cor- 
delia, who died in 1840, aged three years; 
Elisha Gage, of whom further; and Wil- 
liam Alexander. 

(VII) Elisha Gage Scudder, son of 
Frederick and Cordelia (Gage) Scudder, 
was born in Hyannisport, Massachusetts, 
in 1840, and died in St. Louis, Missouri, 
in February, 1912, aged seventy-two 
years. He received his education in the 
public schools, and when the Civil War 
broke out enlisted in the Twenty-second 
Massachusetts Infantry. After the close 
of the war he went to St. Louis, where he 
became associated with the firm of Brock- 
meyer & Rankin. An able, energetic, 
and ambitious young man, he made him- 
self so useful to the firm that he eventu- 
ally became a partner, the firm name then 
being changed to Brockmeyer, Rankin & 
Scudder. As time passed, the ability of 
Mr. Scudder became an increasingly im- 
portant factor in the prosperity of the 
business, and later Mr. Scudder pur- 
chased the interest of Mr. Brockmeyer 
and Mr. Rankin. Still later W. A. Scud- 
der came in and the firm was known as 
E, G. Scudder and Brother. A. H. Gale 
bought an interest and they were known 
as the Scudder Gale Grocery Company, 
of which E. G. Scudder was president 
until his death. This company later pur- 



chased the interests of J. W. Scudder & 
Sons, the firm then being known as the 
Scudders-Gale Grocer Company. Elisha 
G. Scudder was not only a successful 
business man, but he was a good citizen 
and a progressive member of his com- 
munity, intelligently aiding the intellec- 
tual and moral, as well as the economic 
development of the city. He was a mem- 
ber of the Business Men's Club, and his 
religious affiliation was with the Second 
Baptist Church. 

He married Mary Gale, of Concord, 
New Hampshire, and their children were: 
I. Prentiss G., who is treasurer of the 
Scudders-Gale Grocer Company; mar- 
ried Clara Hill, and has three children : 
Mary Catherine, Prentiss G., Jr. ; and 
Alice, who married E. A. Hallett, and 
has three children : Archer, Mary Scud- 
der, and Alice. 2. Lucy, married K. L. 
Green, and has one child, K. L. Green, 
Jr. 3. Elisha Gage, of whom further. 

(VIII) Elisha Gage Scudder, Jr., son 
of Elisha Gage and Mary (Gale) Scud- 
der, was born in St. Louis, Missouri, 
September 16, 1883. He received his 
early education in the public schools of 
St. Louis, and then entered Amherst Col- 
lege, from which he was graduated in 
1906. Upon the completion of his col- 
lege course he formed a partnership with 
F. W. Hurnes, under the firm name of 
F. W. Hurnes & Company, and engaged 
in the flour business in St. Louis. This 
connection was maintained until 1909, 
when the partnership was dissolved and 
Mr. Scudder became a member of the 
F. B. Chamberlain Manufacturing Com- 
pany. He continued with this firm up to 
1916, a period of seven years, when he 
resigned and came to Springfield, Massa- 
chusetts, where he took a position with 
the Miner Chocolate Company, having 
charge of the eastern division of the job- 
bing department, with headquarters here. 
This later became the Handy Chocolate 

Company, and Mr. Scudder was made 
assistant treasurer of the corporation, 
which office he still holds (1922). He is 
well known in Springfield among his bus- 
iness associates, and is highly esteemed. 
Fraternally he is affiliated with Spring- 
field Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, 
and was at one time a member of the 
Nayasset Club. 

On September 18, 1907, he married 
Meda H. Handy, of Springfield, daugh- 
ter of Herbert Lewis and Henrietta 
(Huck) Handy. Mr. and Mrs. Scudder 
are the parents of one daughter, Marri- 
etta, born at St. Louis, Missouri, Sep- 
tember 9, 1914. 

The surname Handy is of ancient Eng- 
lish origin, and Mrs. Scudder comes of 
old Colonial stock, tracing her ancestry 
to Richard Handy, immigrant ancestor of 
the American family of that name, who 
was doubtless born in England, and was 
a sea-faring man. His descendants were 
numerous in Sandwich and other Cape 
Cod towns ; his children born in Sandwich 
were: Richard (2), born May 21, 1672; 
Jonathan, born November 3, 1675; Han- 
nibal, Isaac, John, Cornelius, and John. 
Richard (2) Handy, son of Richard (i) 
Handy, had a son, John Handy, born 
about 1700, who was the father of John 
(2), who married Keziah Eldred, of Fal- 
mouth, and was the father of Job Handy, 
among whose children was Hatzel K., 
who married Sally Holmes, and was the 
father of Hatzel Handy, who married 
Desire Bacon Lewis, and was the father 
of Herbert L. Handy, who married Henri- 
etta Huck, daughter of Herman and Mar- 
garet Huck, of Springfield, and they were 
the parents of three children: Meda 
Huck, born at Springfield, October 28, 
1881, married Elisha Gage Scudder, Jr., 
of St. Louis, Missouri; Herman, born at 
Springfield, January 10, 1888; and Her- 
bert Lewis, Jr., born June 2, 1889. 



SOFIELD, Albert Marsh 

Among the men engaged in the elec- 
trical business in the city of Springfield 
should be mentioned Albert Marsh So- 
field, organizer, president and general 
manager of the American Electric Serv- 
ice and Maintenance Company, one of 
the well-known industries of that city. 

The family name was spelled originally 
"Sophield," and its history extends back 
to the time of Charles I in England. Its 
members in the various generations from 
that time to the present have taken part 
in all the wars in history down to the 
recent World War. The family was first 
represented in this country in Rahway 
and Perth Amboy, New Jersey, where 
they performed their various duties in 
such a manner as to win the respect of all 
with whom they associated. 

(I) Obadiah Joseph Sofield, grandfather 
of Albert M. Sofield, was a native of Rah- 
way, New Jersey, and there received his 
education and spent his active career, 
honored and esteemed by his neighbors 
and friends. He married Rebecca Marsh, 
who bore him six children, as follows: 
George Washington ; John, who served 
in the Civil War ; Ezra, who also served 
in the Civil War ; Obadiah, Ariminta ; 
and Joseph Martin, of further mention. 
The members of the family were Quakers 
in their religious faith. 

(II) Joseph Martin Sofield, father of 
Albert M. Sofield, was born in Rahway, 
New Jersey, May 4, 1845, and his death 
was the result of an accident on the rail- 
road in the year 1890. Although only 
sixteen years of age at the beginning of 
hostilities between the North and South, 
he enlisted for service in that struggle, 
but at his mother's earnest solicitation he 
was released, not being of the required 
age. He studied for the profession of 
civil engineer, and when expert enough 
secured a position with the Chicago, Mil- 

waukee & St. Paul railroad, in whose 
employ he was at the time of his death. 
He rendered faithful service to his em- 
ployers, and his untimely end was a 
source of sorrow to all with whom he as- 
sociated. He married Jeannette Eslinger, 
born in Luxemburg, Germany, 1852, 
daughter of Frederick Eslinger and his 
wife, who left their native land to make 
a home in the New World when their 
daughter Jeannette was six months old. 
Children of Mr. and Mrs. Sofield: Clar- 
ence, deceased ; Josephine, deceased ; Al- 
bert Marsh, of further mention ; Joseph 
Martin, deceased ; Eunice, deceased ; 
Harry, located with the Army of Occu- 
pation in Belgium at the present time 

(Ill) Albert Marsh Sofield was born 
in Marion, Iowa, June 4, 1878. His pre- 
liminary education was received in the 
schools of his birthplace, after which he 
pursued advanced studies in the Univer- 
sity of Minnesota, which he attended for 
two years, completing his course in 1898. 
His first position was with the Westing- 
house Electric Company in Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania, and in Cannea, in the State 
of Sonora, Mexico, where he remained for 
three years, his work being electrical ap- 
paratus in connection with mining. He 
remained in the employ of the Westing- 
house Company for a period of seven 
years, during which time he traveled in 
every State in the Union, this giving him 
a vast amount of knowledge that only 
travel and contact with various people 
can give, and during all this time he was 
engaged in electrical work. In the year 
1916, Mr. Sofield took up his residence in 
Springfield, Massachusetts, and was con- 
nected with the Metal Production and 
Equipment Company and the Chicopee 
Electric Light Company. In the follow- 
ing year he organized the American Elec- 
tric Service and Maintenance Company, 



of which he is president and general man- engaged in that line of work, residing in 

ager, and they do business to the New 
York State line and Canadian border, and 
at times have from forty-five to fifty em- 
ployees. Mr. Sofield is a practical man 
of business, enterprising and progressive, 
and the business of which he is the head 
is steadily advancing. He attends the 
Baptist church, and fraternally is con- 
nected with the Benevolent and Protec- 
tive Order of Elks. 

Mr. Sofield married, July 15, 1917, 
Edith Curry Harris, of New Haven. 

EDEN, James Anderson 

Among the mechanical engineers and 
designers of special machinery in Spring- 
field should be mentioned James A. Eden, 
who is of Irish extraction. 

(I) Mark Eden, grandfather of James 
A. Eden, was born in Ireland about 1820, 
and died in Brooklyn, New York, in 1895, 
aged seventy-five years. A linen weaver 
by trade, he came to this country while 
still a young man and took an active part 
in the development of the linen industry 
in this country. He was of a mechanical 
turn of mind, and a rope walk constructed 
by him was one of the landmarks of 
Brooklyn, New York, for many years. 
He and his wife, Rachel, were the parents 
of six children : Robert ; William ; James 
Anderson, of further mention ; Rachel ; 
Jennie; and Samuel. 

(II) James Anderson Eden, son of 
Mark and Rachel Eden, was born in Ire- 
land about 1847, ^^^ came to America 
with his parents when a child. They set- 
tled in Brooklyn, New York, and here the 
son received his education, attending the 
public schools until the time came for him 
to learn a trade. He chose to learn the 
art of sheet metal working, at which 
trade he has continued throughout the 
greater part of his life, still (1922) being 

Brooklyn. When the Civil War broke 
out, he was a boy of fourteen ; he entered 
the navy as a fifer in the Marine Corps 
and continued until the war was over, his 
last official duty being the sad one of 
playing at President Lincoln's funeral. 
Mr, Eden is a member of Grant Post, 
Grand Army of the Republic. Politically, 
he is a Republican, and he is a member 
of the Episcopal church, of which he was 
warden for a number of years. He mar- 
ried Mary Collier, of Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania, and she died in Brooklyn, New 
York, in 1889, the mother of the follow- 
ing children: i. Francis R., married 
Mary Alice Bramm, and has two chil- 
dren : Silvia and Dorothy. 2. James 
Anderson, Jr., of further mention. 3. 
Harold W., inventor of the Eden Wash- 
ing Machine. 4. Marion, married George 
Head, and has two children : Leslie and 
Virginia. 5. Herbert C, deceased. 6. 
John J., superintendent of the Harriman 

Farms ; married , and has had two 

children, John Vickery and Margaret. 

(HI) James Anderson (2) Eden, son 
of James Anderson (i) and Mary (Col- 
lier) Eden, was born in Brooklyn, New 
York, June 28, 1869. He received his 
education in the schools of Brooklyn, and 
then learned the trade of the machinist 
and tool maker, taking special courses in 
mechanical engineering and drawing. 
For twenty years he was engaged in me- 
chanical work in Brooklyn, at the end of 
which time he went to Pittsburgh, Penn- 
sylvania, where for four years he was 
engaged in engineering work. In 1912 
he came to Springfield, Massachusetts, 
where he has made his home ever since. 
He has been officially connected with 
some of the large manufacturing plants 
of the city in a constructive capacity, in 
the designing and construction of special 
machinery. At the present time (1922) 



he is, and has been for some years, at the 
head of a business of his own, the J. A. 
Eden Company, engineering, with offices 
at No. 387 Main street, making a business 
of designing special machinery, for which 
work he is well fitted both by training 
and years of experience. 

On March 23, 1893, Mr. Eden married 
Elizabeth A. Keefe, of Rahway, New 
Jersey, daughter of Lawrence J. and 
Ellen (Jackson) Keefe, and they are the 
parents of five children : Margaret, Ellen 
L., Elizabeth A., Georgia W., antf Maria K. 

EMPSALL, George Henry 

The president and general manager 
of the Duckworth Chain Company, of 
Springfield, George Henry Empsall, 
comes of an English ancestry. 

William Empsall, father of George H, 
Empsall, was born in Halifax, England, 
in 1831, and died in Pittsfield, Massachu- 
setts, in May, 1885, aged fifty-four years. 
He was reared and educated in his native 
land, and obtained a practical education 
in the schools in the vicinity of his home. 
In 1852, upon attaining his majority, he 
emigrated to this country, and located in 
North Adams, Massachusetts, where he 
followed his trade of wool sorter, worked 
on a farm, and also for a time worked in 
a woolen mill. He later removed to 
Pittsfield, Massachusetts, where he gave 
his attention entirely to agricultural pur- 
suits, and where he lived to the time of 
his death. He was honorable in all his 
dealings, careful and conscientious in the 
performance of every duty, and was hon- 
ored by all who knew him. 

William Empsall married Alice Duck- 
worth, born in Manchester, England, in 
1840, died in Watertown, New York, in 
1918, daughter of Christopher and Ann 
(Borch) Duckworth. Christopher Duck- 
worth came to the United States in 1848, 
accompanied by his family, settling first 

in Massachusetts, and later in Mt. Car- 
mel, Connecticut, where he manufac- 
tured, with the aid of his sons, the Duck- 
worth Loom for weaving carpets and 
fancy cassimers, a loom of his own inven- 
tion which came into use the country 
over. James Duckworth, brother of Alice 
(Duckworth) Empsall, in addition to his 
connection with the Duckworth Loom 
was also a prominent manufacturer of 
chains for driving bicycles, motorcycles 
and other chain driven machines, and his 
connection with the bicycle business was 
the means of interesting him in the 
Springfield Bicycle Club, and he became 
one of the most enthusiastic members of 
that organization, whose meets were 
famous during the days bicycle racing 
was at its height. He was the owner of 
the "Arrow II," one of the speediest 
motor boats used on the Connecticut 
river. Children of Mr. and Mrs. Empsall : 
Fred W. ; Frank A., married (second) 
Pauline Sears, and has a son, Frank A., 
Jr.; George H., of whom further; Alfred 
Duckworth, married, and has three chil- 
dren : Roger Elwell, Earl Edison and 
Richard Duckworth ; William Arthur, 
married, and has two children : Jeanette 
and Robert; Alice. 

George Henry Empsall, of this review, 
was born in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, 
December 11, 1868. The public schools 
of his native place afforded him the means 
of obtaining an education, and he supple- 
mented the knowledge thus obtained by 
a course in a business school in Pittsfield. 
He began his active career by securing 
a position as messenger boy in the West- 
ern Union Telegraph office, and remained 
there for a time. His next employment 
was in shoe factories in Pittsfield and 
other cities, and in this line he was em- 
ployed for eight years, after which he 
went into the office of the American Ex- 
press Company in Leominster, Massachu- 



setts. Here he remained until 1889, when 
he changed his place of residence to 
Springrield, and for one year served as 
bookkeeper in the Duckworth Chain 
Company's plant. For the following five 
years he was located in different cities, 
namely, Greenfield, Massachusetts, Fish- 
kill, New York, and Pittsfield, !Massachu- 
setts. He then returned to Springfield 
and again entered the employ of the 
Duckworth Chain Company. For a short 
time he served as factory inspector, then 
filled the various offices of bookkeeper, 
secretary, assistant treasurer, and upon 
the reorganization of the company was 
made treasurer. In 1916 Mr. Duckworth, 
the founder and president of the Duck- 
worth Chain Company, died, and the com- 
pany was again reorganized and Mr. 
Empsall was made president and general 
manager, offices he is filling satisfactorily 
at the present time (1922). In addition 
to this he is a director in the Union Trust 
Company, and in the Century Machine 
Company, of Holyoke, Massachusetts. 
He is an attendant of Faith Church, 
Springfield, and a member of the Nayas- 
set Club, the Rotary Club, and Long- 
meadow Country Club. 

Mr. Empsall married, in December, 
1902, Mabel Combs, of Middlefield, Mas- 
sachusetts, daughter of Charles M. and 
Sophronia (Hackell) Combs. Mr. and 
Mrs. Empsall are the parents of one 
daughter, Mollie Jean, born April 11, 

SCHLATTER, William Jerome 

A well known florist and owner of one 
of the longest established concerns of its 
kind in Springfield, William J. Schlatter, 
is of Swiss ancestry. 

(I) Christian Schlatter, grandfather of 
William J. Schlatter, was born in Switzer- 
land, in 1805, and met his death by acci- 
dental drowning in the river Rhine. He 

married Katherine Doser, and among 
their children was William, father of Wil- 
liam Jerome. 

(II) William Schlatter, son of Chris- 
tian and Katherine (Doser) Schlatter, 
was born in Unterhollen, Schaffhausen, 
Switzerland, June 13, 1843, and died in 
Springfield, Massachusetts, March 27, 
191 1. His childhood and youth were 
passed in Rheinfelden, and he was among 
the fortunate ones who received an educa- 
tion in the Pesstalozzi Institute there. 
His natural love for the beautiful was 
encouraged, and when his school days 
were over he chose an occupation which 
would enable him to spend his days pro- 
ducing and cultivating beauty of color, 
form and fragrance. He apprenticed him- 
self to a florist, and among the plants and 
blossoms of the city gardens at Basel and 
at Versailles he spent many happy hours. 
He was an enterprising lad, however, and 
opportunity for advancement seemed more 
certain in the new than in the old world, 
and so it was that in 1867, shortly after 
the close of our Civil War, William 
Schlatter, a young man of twenty-four, 
came to America. After a brief stay in 
New York City he came to Springfield, 
Massachusetts. For a short time he was 
employed in Greenfield and Fitchburg, 
Massachusetts, but soon settled perma- 
nently in Springfield, where he lived and 
worked at his business of producing 
beauty and fragrance during the re- 
mainder of his life. For several years he 
was employed by Adolph Miellez and by 
E. W. Clark, both of whom were pioneer 
florists in this section of the country. 
For seventeen years more he superin- 
tended the floral work of the Thompson 
estate on Union street. Finally, in 1895, 
he built the greenhouse on Bay street and 
began business for himself. Two years 
later, he made his son, William J., a part- 
ner. Thorough knowledge, long experi- 



ence, and a love for the work developed a 
large and prosperous business, and in it 
Mr. Schlatter continued until the time of 
his death. 

William Schlatter was a loyal citizen of 
the country of his adoption, and took a 
keen interest in public affairs. Politi- 
cally, he gave his support to the Repub- 
lican party. His fraternal afifiliation was 
with Hampden Lodge, Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows. He was also an 
active member of the German Lutheran 
church, in which organization he held the 
office of treasurer. 

In 1869, in Greenfield, Massachusetts, 
William Schlatter married Elizabeth 
Lutolf, born in Lucerne, Switzerland, 
July 8, 1848, daughter of Xavier and 
Marie (KaufTman) Lutolf, and they were 
the parents of five children : William 
Jerome, of whom further ; Marie, born 
August 13, 1871, married E. C. Jenks ; 
Pauline C, born in 1872, died in 1884; 
Julia, born in October, 1873, married 
Leslie Killam, and has children: Maud, 
Jannette, and Valentine ; an infant, born 
in January, 1885, died in July, 1885. 

(Ill) William Jerome Schlatter, son of 
William and Elizabeth (Lutolf) Schlat- 
ter, was born in Greenfield, Massachu- 
setts, March 4, 1870. When he was but 
four years of age his parents removed to 
West Springfield, and in the schools of 
that city and of Springfield he received 
his education. When his school days 
were over, he began his busiess career in 
the Taler Music Store in the capacity of 
clerk, which position he held for a time, 
and then became associated with the 
Ames Manufacturing Company, of Chic- 
opee. About a year later he entered the 
employ of the Duckworth Chain Com- 
pany, where he remained for three years, 
at the end of which time he severed his 
connection with that company and went 
to Boston, in the employ of the Spring- 

field Elevator & Pump Company, he hav- 
ing charge of the Boston office. Thus 
far his business experience had been a 
varied one. In 1895 his father opened 
his newly built greenhouse on Bay street, 
and William J. was ofifered a partnership 
in that business. This he accepted, but 
continued in the employ of the Springfield 
Elevator & Pump Company for two years 
longer, but by that time the business of 
William Schlatter & Son, florists, had 
grown to such proportions that the entire 
time of the junior partner was needed, 
and he resigned his position in 1897, since 
which time he has given his full energy 
to the florist business. From the modest 
beginning with one greenhouse on Bay 
street, the business has developed into a 
large concern which grows its plants in 
five greenhouses and one palm house. 
In 1900 William Schlatter & Son bought 
the W. L. Chapel retail store, at No. 408 
Main street, Springfield, later removing 
to No. 428 Main street, still later to No. 
422 Main street, and finally, in July, 1921, 
going to No. 12 Pynchon street, which 
is their place of business at the present 
time (1922). 

Mr. Schlatter, in addition to his inter- 
ests as florist, is the owner of a concern 
engaged in the manufacture of florists' 
supplies, and he is also a director of the 
Highland Cooperative Bank. Mr. Schlat- 
ter is a member of Hampden Lodge, Free 
and Accepted Masons, of which he is past 
master; Morning Star Chapter, Royal 
Arch Masons, in which he has filled all the 
offices and is past high priest ; Spring- 
field Council, Royal and Select Masters ; 
Springfield Commandery, Knights Tem- 
plar; and of Melha Temple, Ancient 
Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic 
Shrine. He is also a member of the 
Chamber of Commerce and the Rotary 

On January 19, 1898, William Jerome 



Schlatter married Louise Roeder, of 
Springfield, Massachusetts, daughter of 
Frederick and Louise (Stickney) Roeder, 
and they are the parents of two chil- 
dren : Frederick William, born July 13, 
1900, was killed in an accident, July 5, 
1918; and Christine R., born May 9, 
1902, a graduate of the Commercial High 
School, married, January 31, 1922, Robert 
Dean Noouey. 

WADE, Nathaniel Bartlett 

For nearly thirty years Nathaniel B. 
Wade has served as one of the deputy 
sheriffs of Hampden county, Massachu- 
setts, and also turnkey of the Hampden 
County Jail at Springfield. He comes 
from an old Massachusetts family. 

The American ancestor of this family 
was Jonathan Wade, who came in the 
ship "Lyon," landing in America Sep- 
tember 16, 1632. He settled in Charles- 
town, where he was a merchant. He was 
a man of deep religious convictions, and 
with his wife was received into the 
church May 25, 1633. He was made a 
freeman May 14, 1634, and after 1636 
moved to Ipswich, where he owned 600 
acres of land, and in 1669, 1681 and 1682 
was representative to the General Court. 

Willard Wade, the great-grandfather of 
Nathaniel Barlett Wade, settled in Glo- 
cester, Rhode Island, and is believed to 
be a pioneer. He cleared the land upon 
which he lived and his entire life was 
spent in agricultural pursuits. He died in 
Glocester, March 4, 1847. He married 

Hannah , who died January 27, 

1847, at the age of seventy-nine. 

Jonathan Wade, son of Willard and 
Hannah Wade, was born in Glocester, 
Rhode Island, where he died, January 16, 
1875, aged eighty-four years, one month, 
ten days. He too was a farmer all his 
active years, which were many, and died 
January 16, 1875, ^^ the age of eighty- 

four. He married Abigail Brown, who 
died September 2, 1884, aged eighty-nine 
years, nine months, eighteen days. Their 
children were Essek O. ; Lemuel Whiting, 
of further mention ; George ; Amy, mar- 
ried Lyman Cornell ; Deborah Hannah, 
married Darling Sweet. 

Lemuel Whiting Wade, son of Jona- 
than and Abigail (Brown) Wade, was 
born in Glocester, Rhode Island, in 
1827, died March 13, 1895. He attended 
the district school, assisting his father 
at the home farm for a time, but at an 
early age began farming and lumbering 
operations for himself. He owned a saw- 
mill and did a large business in lumber- 
ing, buying timber tracts and converting 
the logs into lumber, railroad ties and 
shingles. He did not live to the age of 
his father and grandfather, his years 
numbering sixty-eight, but was very 
active and continued his business opera- 
tions up to the time of his death. He was 
a man of high standing in his community, 
a Republican in politics. He married 
Content Mavis, born in Warren, Rhode 
Island, in 1832, died February 21, 1908, 
daughter of Christopher and Louisa 
(Mason) Mavis. They were the parents 
of two sons and two daughters : Charles 
A. (see following sketch) ; Nathaniel 
Bartlett, of further mention ; Louisa, 
married Benjamin Judson Ring, deceased ; 
Harriet, married Joseph Windle, de- 

Nathaniel Bartlett Wade, son of Lem- 
uel Whiting and Content (Mavis) Wade, 
was born in Glocester, Rhode Island, 
August 25, 1862, and there completed 
public school courses. Later he was a 
student at Wilbraham Academy. His 
youth was spent in Rhode Island, as his 
father's assistant in the sawmill, but in 
1885 he came to Springfield, his first posi- 
tion being as night watchman at the old 
jail. Later he was appointed assistant 



superintendent of the County Truant 
School, but resigned that post to become 
a keeper at the Hampden County Jail, re- 
maining one year. He next spent two 
years in service at the Kings County 
Penitentiary, in Brooklyn, New York, and 
was later assistant superintendent for the 
William-Martin Company, in the manu- 
facture of chairs at that institution. He 
held the last position two years, then 
returned to Springfield, Massachusetts, 
taking his old position at the jail as keeper 
and also as assistant turnkey. This con- 
tinued until 1898, when he was appointed 
deputy sheriff of Hampden county, and 
turnkey of the Hampden County Jail and 
House of Correction, positions he has 
held continuously until the present 
(1921). He is a member of Roswell Lee 
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons ; 
Hampden Lodge, and Agawam Encamp- 
ment of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, and the Canton Patriarchs Mili- 
tant, in which he has held the rank of 
major. He is also an active member of 
the State and County Prison Officials' 
Society. In politics he is a Republican. 
Mr. Wade married, October 15, 1896, 
Carrie S. Porter, of Hatfield, Massachu- 
setts, daughter of James and Sarah J. 
(Randall) Porter. Mrs. Wade is a de- 
scendant of John Porter. 

(The Porter Line). 

John Porter, of Windsor, Connecticut, 
came to New England in 1631 and settled 
first in Dorchester, Massachusetts, going 
to Windsor in 1635. His wife. Rose, died 
in Windsor, in 1647; he died April 22, 
1648. The line of descent from John 
Porter is through his fourth child, Samuel 

Samuel Porter was born in England, in 
1626, died in Windsor, Connecticut, Sep- 
tember 6, 1689. He was a merchant. He 
married, in 1659, Hannah, daughter of 

Thomas Stanley. The line continues 
through their eighth child, Ichabod, born 
June 17, 1678, died in 1727, and his wife, 
Dorcas Marsh ; their son James Porter, 
born in 1714, died in 1792, and his wife, 
Hannah White ; their son. Deacon Jona- 
than Porter, born in 1752, died in 1833, 
and his wife, Ruth Chapin ; their son, 
Jonathan, born 1789, died in 1864, and his 
wife, Edith Allis ; their son, James Por- 
ter, born November 30, 1828, married No- 
vember 19, 1856, Sarah J. Randall, daugh- 
ter of Alvin Randall, of Enfield. James 
Porter was a farmer all his life in Hat- 
field. He was born in the house in which 
he spent his entire life. Carrie S. Porter, 
daughter of James and Sarah J. (Ran- 
dall) Porter, married, October 15, 1896, 
Nathaniel B. Wade, of Springfield, as 
previously stated. 

WADE, Captain Charles Albert 

For over thirty years Captain Charles 
Albert Wade has been on the police force 
of Springfield, and has, during that time, 
been promoted through the intervening 
grades, from patrolman to his present 
rank of captain. He is a descendant of 
that branch of the Wade family which 
settled in Rhode Island. The American 
ancestor of this family was Jonathan 
Wade (q. v.). 

Charles Albert Wade, son of Lemuel W. 
and Content (Mavis) Wade (q. v.), was 
born in Glocester, Rhode Island, June 4, 
i860, and there obtained a public school 
education. For a number of years after 
attaining his majority he remained at 
home engaged with his father in farming 
and lumbering operations. In 1885 he 
came to Springfield, and for three years 
acted as guard at the Hampden County 
Jail. In 1888 he was appointed patrol- 
man on the Springfield police force, and 
has served continuously since. He has 
risen through the grades of sergeant and 



lieutenant to the rank of captain, which 
position he (1921) still holds, and is one 
of the valued men of the force. 

Captain Wade is a member of Roswell 
Lee Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons ; 
Hampden Lodge, Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows ; and in politics is a Repub- 

Captain Wade married (first), October 
25, 1889, Emma L. Wheeler, of Hardwick, 
Massachusetts, daughter of Moses and 
Anna Wheeler. He married (second), 
March 21, 1904, Bessie M. (Clark) Gofif, 
who before her marriage was Mrs. Frank 
Goff. She is a daughter of Seth Waldo 
and Diadama (Curtis) Clark. Captain 
Wade and his first wife were the parents 
of a daughter, M. Emma Louise; by the 
second marriage there are two daughters, 
Edna Mavis and Lois Alberta. 

LOOMiS, William Wellington, M. D. 

Well established in his profession in 
West Springfield, Massachusetts, to 
which section he came soon after receiv- 
ing his degree in medicine. Dr. Loomis 
has, during the thirty-seven years which 
have since intervened, added to the es- 
teem in which the Loomis name has been 
held ever since its first introduction to 
New England as a family by Joseph 
Loomis. Nearly all of those persons in 
the United States known by the name of 
Loomis trace their descent from this 
Joseph Loomis, who settled in Windsor, 
Connecticut, in 1639. ^o^ more than a 
century Loomis has been the spelling, 
but prior to that time Lomis was the ac- 
cepted form, the oldest gravestones in 
Colchester bearing that form. On the 
early town records in Windsor the name 
is generally Lomys, and on the oldest 
gravestone dedicated to a member of the 
family, Deacon John, who died in Wind- 
sor, September i, 1688, it is spelled 
Lomas. The family in England is of 

Saxon origin, the surname having first 
been assumed in Lancashire. For eight 
centuries the Lomas family appears to 
have resided in the very parish in which 
it first became a family surname. The 
surname Lomas is taken from a locality. 
Loomis is an American modernization of 

(I) Joseph Loomis, son of John and 
Agnes Loomis, was born in England, 
and married, in Missing, County Essex, 
June 30, 1614, Mary White, baptized 
August 24, 1590, daughter of Robert and 
Bridget (Allgar) White. Joseph Loomis 
was a woolen draper in Braintree, Eng- 
land. He sailed from London, April ii, 
1638, in the ship "Susan and Ellen," and 
arrived in Boston, July 17, following, re- 
maining about one year. He settled in 
Windsor, Connecticut, in the latter half 
of 1639, bringing with him five sons, all 
freemen, and three daughters. His house 
was situated near the mouth of the Farm- 
ington river, on "The Island," so called 
because at every great freshet it became 
temporarily an island by the overflowing 
of the Connecticut river. He died No- 
vember 25, 1658. The line of descent in 
this branch is through Nathaniel Loomis, 
who was the seventh child in the order 
of birth. 

(II) Nathaniel Loomis was born in 
County Essex, England, in 1626, and died 
in Windsor, Connecticut, August 19, 
1688. He was a freeman in 1654, ad- 
mitted to the church May 3, 1663, and 
was a member of the Windsor troop of 
horse in King Philip's War. He married 
November 24, 1653, Elizabeth Moore, 
daughter of Deacon John and Abigail 
Moore. They were the parents of twelve 
children, descent being traced in this line 
through David, the sixth child. The 
widow of Nathaniel Loomis married 
(second) John Case, and died July 23, 
1728, aged ninety. 



(III) David Loomis was born in Wind- 
sor, Connecticut, January ii, 1667-68, and 
there died, January 9, 1751-52. He mar- 
ried, December 8, 1692, Mrs. Lydia 
(Marsh) Lyman, born October 9, 1667, 
who survived him, daughter of John and 
Hepzibah (Ford) Marsh, and widow of 
Richard Lyman. They were the parents 
of eight children, Aaron, the third child 
and second son, being head of the next 

(IV) Aaron Loomis was born in Wind- 
sor, Connecticut, September 5, 1696, and 
died in Torrington, Connecticut, Septem- 
ber 13, 1773. He moved to Torrington 
as early as 1739, and in 1742 was one of 
a committee appointed to divide Tor- 
rington lands. He is named as one of 
the town's original settlers, his name un- 
der date of October, 1739, appearing on 
the memorial, asking for the establish- 
ment of a church there. On May 6, 1744, 
he was received into the church with his 
wife and three children, Aaron (2), Mind- 
well, and Esther. His home in Torring- 
ton was on the present Goshen road. He 
married, February 5, 1718-19, Deborah 
Eggleston, who died April 15, 1783. They 
were the parents of fourteen children. 
Ephraim, the eighth child, is head of the 
fifth generation in the line of Dr. William 
W. Loomis. 

(V) Ephraim Loomis was born at Tor- 
rington, Connecticut, April i, 1731, died 
there April 4, 1812. He married (first), 
October 31, 1756, Ruth Hosford, of Litch- 
field, Connecticut, who died May i, 1764. 
He married (second), October 13, 1764, 
Jane Campbell, of Canaan, Connecticut. 
Ephraim Loomis joined the church in 
1758. and he later served his country as 
a soldier of the Revolutionary army. All 
the nine children of this patriot were born 
in Torrington, Connecticut, Elias, the 
last born, being of the sixth generation. 

(VI) Elias Loomis was born at Tor- 
rington, Connecticut, November 13, 1776, 

died in Hitchcockville, Connecticut, May 
2, 183 1, a farmer and a Congregationalist. 
He married, in Torrington, Mary Rood, 
born October 17, 1776, died October 12, 
1837, daughter of Moses and Sarah 
(Loomis) Rood. They were the parents 
of three sons, all born in Connecticut : 
Miles; William, of further mention; and 

(VII) William Loomis was born at 
Torrington, Connecticut, in January, 
1804, died in Hitchcockville, Connecticut, 
March 24, 1866. He married, February 
27, 1828, Lydia Hewett, born in Cole- 
brook, Connecticut, December 25, 1803, 
died in June, 1898, daughter of Joshua 
and Ann (Covil) Hewett, her mother liv- 
ing to be one hundred and five years of 
age. They were the parents of three 
sons, all born in Connecticut: William 
Alonzo, died in infancy; Lucius Augus- 
tus, of further mention ; William Covil, 
died aged two years. 

(VIII) Lucius Augustus Loomis, of the 
eighth generation, father of Dr. William 
W. Loomis, was born at Barkhamsted, 
Connecticut, July 26, 1830, died at Riv- 
erton, Connecticut, January 6, 1903, a 
farmer. He inherited the family home- 
stead at Barkhamsted, and there resided 
many years. He married, June 12, 1852, 
Mary Amelia Barker, born in Plymouth, 
Connecticut, November 21, 1833, died at 
Riverton, Connecticut, April 18, 1904, 
daughter of Daniel Barker, an English- 
man. Lucius A. and Mary Amelia (Bar- 
ker) Loomis were the parents of four 
sons : William Wellington, of further 
mention ; Frank Adelbert, born January 
9, 1856, died unmarried, July 31, 1878; 
Clififord Ernest, born May 6, 1859, mar- 
ried, November 3, 1881, Nellie Driggs, 
daughter of Sterling and Flavia (Brace) 
Driggs ; Grove Mortimer, born Novem- 
ber 13, 1863, died unmarried, November 
17, 1893. 

(IX) Dr. William Wellington Loomis, 



of the ninth American Loomis genera- 
tion, and eldest son of Lucius A. and 
Mary Amelia (Barker) Loomis, was born 
in Barkhamsted, Litchfield county, Con- 
necticut, June i6, 1853. He was educated 
in the public schools, finishing with grad- 
uation from the high school at Winsted, 
Connecticut. He began the study of 
medicine under the preceptorship of M. 
L. Crosier, of Riverton, Connecticut, and 
in 1880 entered the medical department 
of the University of Vermont. He con- 
tinued medical study there for three 
years, receiving his M. D. with the grad- 
uating class of 1883. Soon afterward he 
located in West Springfield, where he 
has pursued the uninterrupted practice 
of his profession during the years, thirty- 
seven, which have since elapsed. He is 
a member of the various medical soci- 
eties, and has attained an eminent posi- 
tion in his profession. He is a member 
of Hampden Lodge, Free and Accepted 
Masons, and of Tekoa Lodge, Independ- 
ent Order of Odd Fellows. 

Dr. Loomis married, June 9, 1885, Car- 
oline Barton, daughter of Henry Martin 
and Electa Barton. 

STEELE, Ancestral History 

The Steele family, of West Spring- 
field, was founded in New England by 
John and George Steele, who came from 
England in 1630, and settled in Dorches- 
ter. Later John Steele led the band of 
settlers from Cambridge, Massachusetts, 
to what is now Hartford, Connecticut, 
and George Steele accompanied him. 
This branch descends from George Steele. 

(I) George and John Steele were pro- 
prietors of lands in Cambridge in 1632 ; 
George Steele was admitted a freeman in 
May, 1634; was one of the company which 
settled Hartford in 1635-36; was one of 
the proprietors of undivided lands there 
in 1639; and a juryman in 1643. His resi- 

dence in Hartford was on the lane, now 
Washington street, southeast of Trinity 
College, and here he died in 1663. He 
was the father of four children : Eliza- 
beth, married Captain Thomas Watts, 
an officer in King Philip's War ; a daugh- 
ter born in 1640, married, and left a 
daughter, Martha; Richard, married, but 
died childless ; James, of further mention. 

(II) James Steele, the youngest child 
of George Steele, the founder, was a 
trooper in the war against the Pequots in 
1657-58. In 1662 he was appointed by 
the General Court to lay out lands in 
Hommanasett, and in 1672, with others, 
to run the dividing line between Lyme 
and New London. That same year he 
was granted one hundred and fifty acres 
of land, and in 1675 was appointed com- 
missary for Connecticut troops engaged 
in King Philip's War, his salary £50 per 
annum. His dwelling was on the old 
plan of Hartford, south of Little river. 
He married (first) Anna Bishop, daugh- 
ter of John Bishop, of Guilford. He mar- 
ried (second) Bertha, widow of Samuel 
Stocking. Children by first marriage : 
Sarah, married Samuel Boman, Jr. ; Lieu- 
tenant James, of further mention ; John, 
married Melathiah, daughter of Mayor 
William Bradford, of Plymouth ; Mary, 
married a Mr. Hall ; Elizabeth, died un- 
married in 1723; Rachel, married (first) 
Edward Allyn, (second) a Mr. Deming. 

(HI) Lieutenant James (2) Steele, son 
of James (i) Steele, was born about 1658, 
lived in Hartford, Connecticut, and was 
a well-to-do, influential man. He died in 
1730, leaving an estate valued at £870. 
He married Sarah Barnard, who died in 
1730, her estate valued at £744. Chil- 
dren: Mary; Jonathan, born 1693, died 
January 6, 1753, married. May 6, 1715, 
Dorothy, daughter of Joseph M. and 
Sarah Maygatt, she born January 26, 
1696, died November 8, 1775 ; Rev. Ste- 



phen, of further mention ; , mar- 
ried, March i8, 1708, Sarah Goodwin, 
who died in 1712, aged thirty ; Sarah, mar- 
ried a Mr. Judd; Elizabeth, married, July 
27, 1815, Cyprian Watson. 

(IV) Rev. Stephen Steele, son of Lieu- 
tenant James (2) Steele, was born in 
Hartford, Connecticut, in 1686, and died 
at Tolland, Connecticut, December 4, 
1759. He was a graduate of Yale Col- 
lege, class of 1718, and was the minister 
settled over the church at Tolland in 
1720, with a salary of £75 per annum. 
He married. May 2, 1720, Ruth Porter, 
born November 10, 1701, died May 14, 
1792, daughter of Colonel Samuel Por- 
ter, of Hadley, Massachusetts. A sister 
of his wife's married Rev. Solomon Wil- 
liams, and they were the ancestors of 
William Williams, one of the signers of 
the Declaration of Independence. Chil- 
dren : Ruth, died at the age of eighteen, 
unmarried ; Stephen, married Hannah 
Chapman ; Eleazer, married (first) Ann 
White, (second) Ruth Chapman, (third) 
Lois Fenton ; Elisha, the first lawyer in 
Tolland, married Sarah Wolcott ; Sarah, 
married John Huntington; Mehitable; 
James, of further mention ; John, married 
Sarah Cobb ; and Aaron. 

(V) Lieutenant James (3) Steele, son 
of Rev. Stephen and Ruth (Porter) 
Steele, was born February 6, 1737. He 
was a lieutenant in the Colonial War of 
1753' bved in Tolland until 1774, then 
moved to Ellington, and after the Revo- 
lution to Brookfield, Vermont. He mar- 
ried (first), January 24, 1754, Abigail 
Huntington, who died January 6, 1769. 
He married (second), September 14, 
1769, Dorothy Converse, who died March 
10, 1773. He married (third) January 
18, 1775, Abigail Makepeace, who died 
April 23, 1823. Lieutenant James Steele 
died April 5, 1812. He was the father of 
thirteen children, his first wife being the 

mother of seven children : Aaron, died in 
the Revolutionary army while serving in 
New Jersey ; James, a Revolutionary sol- 
dier, married Jemima Wolcott; Zadoc, 
taken prisoner by the Indians at the time 
Royalton, Vermont, was burned, October 
17, 1780, taken to Canada, but made his 
escape, married Hannah Shurtliflf; An- 
drew, of further mention ; Samuel, a Rev- 
olutionary soldier, married Sarah Shurt- 
liff; Abigail, died in childhood; Deborah, 
married Dr. Philip Lyon. By second 
marriage there were two children : John, 
died young; John, died young. By his 
third wife there were four children: Abi- 
gail; Solomon, died unmarried; Eleazer, 
married Azuba Blodgett ; Jason, married 
Harriet Converse. 

(VI) Andrew Steele, fourth child of 
Lieutenant James (3) Steele, and his first 
wife, Abigail (Huntington) Steele, was 
born December 25, 1763, died in Brook- 
field, Vermont, February 18, 181 1. He 
married, August 17, 1785, Elizabeth Lath- 
rop, of Tolland, born in 1763, died Sep- 
tember 16, 1837. They were the parents 
of eight children: Benoni, died young; 
Aaron, of further mention ; Polly, mar- 
ried Elisha Allis ; Andrew, married 
Nancy Ann Starks ; Danforth, married 
Lydia Abel ; Laura, married Charles 
Preston ; Elizabeth, married Zelotes Bige- 
low ; Lucy Gray, married Joseph Bean. 

(VII) Aaron Steele, second son of An- 
drew and Elizabeth (Lathrop) Steele, 
was born in Randolph, Vermont, Febru- 
ary 28, 1787, and resided at Chicopee 
Falls, Massachusetts. He married (first), 
in 181 7, Martha Gaylord, who died Au- 
gust II, 1819. He married (second), in 
1822, Sarah Leonard. Children of first 
marriage : A son who died in infancy ; 
Lemira, married Leban E. Lanfair, and 
they were the parents of Arthur F. Lan- 
fair, of West Springfield. Children of 
second marriage : Rodney Charles, of 



further mention ; Pamelia Eliza, born in 
1828; Sarah Adelia, married, in April, 
1850, Benjamin B. H. Hill, of Derby, 
Connecticut; Martha Guilford, married, 
in April, 1850, Lorenzo G. Gibson, of 
Hartford, Connecticut. 

(VIII) Rodney Charles Steele, son of 
Aaron Steele, and his second wife, Sarah 
(Leonard) Steele, was born in 1825, and 
died in Springfield, Massachusetts, in 
1872. He learned the machinist's trade 
at Colts Armory, Hartford, Connecticut, 
but early in life became a railroad em- 
ployee, becoming a locomotive engineer 
and serving the Boston & Albany rail- 
road for thirty-five years. His run in 
"later years was between Springfield and 
Pittsfield, Massachusetts, and until with- 
in a short time of his death he was at the 
throttle of his engine, "The Modac." that 
being the day of named and woodburning 
engines. There was but one engineer on 
the Boston & Albany system whose serv- 
ice exceeded those of Rodney C. Steele, 
and there was none whose record was 
more honorable. He was for many years 
an active member of the old Springfield 
Volunteer Fire Department. He was a 
member of Hampden Lodge, Free and 
Accepted Masons ; Morning Star Chap- 
ter, Royal Arch Masons ; Springfield 
Commandery, Knights Templar ; and in 
the Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite had 
attained the thirty-second degree. In 
politics he was a Republican, and in re- 
ligious faith a member of the Memorial 
Church of Springfield. 

Mr. Steele married, in 1845, Mary S. 
Baker, of Brattleboro, Vermont, born in 
1829, died in 1910, surv^iving her husband 
thirty-eight years. Children : George, 
died in 1890; Frederick Carlos, of further 
mention ; Charles, residing on Belmont 
avenue, Springfield, the only one now 
living; Florence, deceased, married Ford 
Cook ; Mary, Ellen, and Emma, the three 
last named dying in infancy. 

(IX) Frederick Carlos Steele, son of 
Rodney Charles and Mary S. (Baker) 
Steele, was born in Springfield, Massa- 
chusetts, March 22, 1853, and died in 
Lyndonville, Vermont, in 1904. He was 
a painter and fresco artist, the last 
twenty-five years of his life being spent 
with the Boston & Maine railroad, he 
having charge of paint shops in Spring- 
field. He was also buyer of all materials 
used in his department. For many years 
his headquarters were in Springfield, but 
in 1900 he was transferred to Lyndonville, 
Vermont, to take charge of the company 
paint shops there, there remaining until 
his death, four years later. He was a 
Republican in politics, a member of the 
Congregational church, affiliated with 
Roswell Lee Lodge, Free and Accepted 
Masons, of Springfield ; and with Hamp- 
den Lodge, Independent Order of Odd 

Mr. Steele married Eleanor Nelson, of 
Palmer, Massachusetts, born in 1854, died 
February 12, 1917, daughter of Lyman N. 
and Eleanor (Hogaboom) Nelson. They 
were the parents of five children : Harry 
Williams, whose sketch follows ; Florence 
Eleanor, married William Pike, of Pasa- 
dena, California ; Frederick Carlos, whose 
sketch follows ; Lyman Nelson ; George 
Louis, whose sketch follows : 

STEELE, Harry Williams 

Harry Williams Steele, the eldest son 
of Frederick Carlos and Eleanor (Nelson) 
Steele (q. v.), was born in Boston, Massa- 
chusetts, November 2, 1880. He was 
educated in the schools of Reading, Pal- 
mer, Springfield, and West Springfield, 
and then spent two years in the Univer- 
sity of Vermont, in Burlington. He 
came to Springfield in 1889 and entered 
the employ of George N. Merrill & Com- 
pany, civil engineers of that city, with 
whom he remained seven years, becom- 
ing well versed in both theoretical and 



practical engineering. In 191 1 he formed 
a partnership with his brother, Frederick 
C. Steele, and as Steele Brothers, civil 
engineers, they established offices in 
West Springfield. They are engineers 
for the town of West Springfield, in 
charge of sewers, roads, etc., and also 
have a large private clientele of satisfac- 
tory proportions. Mr. Steele is a mem- 
ber of the West Springfield School Com- 
mittee ; member of Mt. Orthodox Lodge, 
Free and Accepted Masons, of West 
Springfield ; member of Tekoa Lodge, In- 
dependent Order of Odd Fellows, of 
which he is past noble grand ; member of 
Kappa Sigma fraternity ; and chairman 
of the prudential committee of the Con- 
gregational church in Mitteneague, West 

Mr. Steele married, October 17, 1906, 
Mabel Chapin, of West Springfield, 
daughter of Henry M. and Harriet (Dar- 
ling) Chapin, a descendant of Deacon 
Samuel Chapin, through his son Japhet, 
his son Deacon David, his son Josiah, his 
son Israel, his son James, his son Henry 
M., his daughter Mabel. Henry M. Cha- 
pin, bom April 28, 1840, died June 3, 
1915. He married, November 28, 1866, 
Harriet Darling, and they were the par- 
ents of six children: Frank, Emma, Car- 
rie ; Mabel, wife of Harry Williams 
Steele; James, and Lester. Mr. and Mrs. 
Steele are the parents of two children : 
Isabel, born February 28, 1909; and 
George Chapin, February 24, 191 1. The 
family home is at No. 13 Boulevard, West 

STEELE, Frederick Carlos 

Frederick Carlos Steele, the second 
son of Frederick Carlos and Eleanor 
(Nelson) Steele (q. v.), was born in 
Reading, Massachusetts, November 15, 
1885. He was educated in the schools of 
Springfield and West Springfield, Mas- 

sachusetts, and Lyndonville, Vermont, 
and completed his studies at Lyndon In- 
stitute. After he had finished his school 
years he was employed in Cheney Broth- 
ers drug store at Lyndonville for two 
years, then came to Springfield, Massa- 
chusetts, where he was similarly em- 
ployed by E. F. Leonard for a time. He 
then became associated with George N. 
Merrill & Company, civil engineers, re- 
maining in the office employ of that firm 
for three years. The next two years he was 
with Cobb & Beasely, engineers. In 191 1, 
the firm of Steele Brothers, civil engi- 
neers, with offices at West Springfield, 
was formed, Harry W. and Frederick C. 
Steele comprising the company. They 
are engineers for the town of West 
Springfield, and well established in busi- 
ness. Mr. Steele is a member of Mt. Or- 
thodox Lodge, Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons, of West Springfield, and a Repub- 
lican in politics. 

Mr. Steele married, February 22, 1916, 
Sarah Eaton Darling, born in Turners 
Falls, town of Montague, Massachusetts, 
but a resident of West Springfield since 
1903, daughter of Irving A. and Lizzie 
Bowen (Eaton) Darling. Her father has 
been in business in West Springfield 
since 1903. He was born in New York 
State. Mrs. Steele is one of three chil- 
dren ; her brother, Irving H. Darling, was 
with the loist Regiment in the war 
against Germany. 

STEELE, George Louis, M. D. 

Dr. George Louis Steele, the young- 
est son of Frederick Carlos and Eleanor 
(Nelson) Steele (q. v.), was born in 
Springfield, Massachusetts, February 24, 
1891. He was a student at the public 
schools of West Springfield, Massachu- 
setts, and Lyndonville, Vermont, finish- 
ing at Lyndon Institute. He prepared 
for his profession in the medical depart- 



ment of the University of Vermont at 
Burlington, there receiving his M. D. at 
graduation in 1914. He spent the first 
eighteen months following graduation as 
interne in Springfield Hospital, Spring- 
field, Massachusetts, beginning private 
practice in West Springfield in January, 
1916, where he has since continued. Dr. 
Steele is a member of Springfield Acad- 
emy of Medicine, Massachusetts Medi- 
cal Society, American Medical Associa- 
tion, Physicians' Club of Springfield, and 
the medical fraternity, Phi Chi. He is 
well established in the town of West 
Springfield, and is rapidly acquiring a 
satisfactory clientele. He is a Republi- 
can in politics, and a member of the Con- 
gregational church. During the World 
War, Dr. Steele was appointed and re- 
ceived a commission as first lieutenant in 
the Medical Corps in the United States 

Dr. Steele married, November 30, 1916, 
Vera Colburn, of Bangor, Maine, daugh- 
ter of Edgar Colburn. His offices are 
at No. 282 Westfield street, West 

DOWNEY, Henry Arthur, M. D. 

For more than twenty years Dr. Henry 
Arthur Downey has been engaged in the 
practice of medicine in Mittineague, in 
the town of West Springfield, Massachu- 
setts, settling here in October following 
his graduation from the Medico-Chirur- 
gical Medical College of Philadelphia, in 
June, 1898. He is a son of Henry Downey, 
who at the time of the birth of his 
son was living in the village of Osborn- 
ville, on the Metedeconk river, in Ocean 
county, New Jersey, about eight miles 
from Toms river, the county seat. 

William Downey, of Cedar Bridge, 

Ocean county. New Jersey, born in 1805, 

grandfather of Henry Arthur Downey, 

was accidentally killed in 1864. He was 

Mass— 11— 17 257 

a teamster, and in the early days of iron 
manufacture, at Allaire, in Monmouth 
county, at what is now Lakewood, New 
Jersey, he hauled the pig iron from the 
mills to vessels at tide-water. That in- 
dustry has long passed, and the once 
thriving town of Allaire has changed 
and a greater prosperity has come to that 
section now known as Lakewood, and 
the entire shore region has developed in- 
to one of New Jersey's winter and sum- 
mer vacation areas. William Downey 
married Anna Wooley, of a substantial 
Ocean county family, and they were the 
parents of five children : Adam W., Cath- 
erine ; Henry, of further mention ; Charles 
J., and William Harrison Downey. 

Henry Downey, son of William and 
Anna (Wooley) Downey, was born at 
Cedar Bridge, Ocean county. New Jer- 
sey, in 1837, died at Point Pleasant, New 
Jersey, in 1914. He was a farmer of 
Ocean county for many years, but later 
became a coal dealer, continuing in busi- 
ness until his death. He was a man of 
energ}^ and ability, and uniformly suc- 
cessful in his business enterprises. He 
was a Republican in politics, a member 
of the Baptist church, and of the Im- 
proved Order of Red Men. He married 
Eliza J. Strickland, born in 1842, died in 
April, 1916. They were the parents of 
the following children : Anna Frances, 
Eleanor; and Henry Arthur Downey, of 
further mention. 

Henry Arthur Downey, son of Henry 
and Eliza J. (Strickland) Downey, was 
born in Osbornville, Ocean county, New 
Jersey, August 12, 1875, and began his 
education in the public school. He also 
attended boarding school, and was a stu- 
dent at Peddie Institute, Hightstown, 
New Jersey, there completing his clas- 
sical study. He prepared for the prac- 
tice of medicine at Medico-Chirurgical 
Medical College in Philadelphia, and 


there was graduated M. D., class of 1898. 
In October of the same year, Dr. Downey 
located in Mittineague, West Springfield, 
Massachusetts, and has continued pro- 
fessional practice there until the present 
time (1920). He is a member of the 
Hampden County Medical Society, and 
Springfield Academy of Medicine, and is 
affiliated with Mt. Orthodox Lodge, Free 
and Accepted Masons, and Tekoa Lodge, 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, both 
of West Springfield. He has established 
himself firmly in the confidence of the 
community, and as a physician is highly 

Dr. Downey married, in November, 
1901, Lillian E. Titus, of New York City, 
daughter of John Henry and Margaret I. 
(Mullen) Titus. Dr. and Mrs. Downey 
are the parents of three children : Mar- 
jorie E., born December 7, 1902 ; John, 
born December, 1906, died in ©ecember, 
1918; Miriam, born November 17, 1913. 

. \ / 

SMITH, Addison Henry K' 

The Springfield and Westfield sections 
of Massachusetts have been the home of 
this branch of the Smith family since 
John Smith, the American ancestor, came 
from England in the ship "Planter," in 
1625. One of the present representatives 
of the family in West Springfield is Ad- 
dison Henry Smith. He is a son of Jo- 
seph Addison Smith, and a grandson of 
Horace Smith, both of whom were born 
in Westfield. Horace Smith, a farmer, 
was born in Westfield, August 15, 1792, 
and died in West Springfield, in 1869, 
aged seventy-seven years. He married 
Grata Bagg, born in West Springfield, in 
1795, died there in 1864, the mother of 
six sons and three daughters, all de- 
ceased: I. Henry Bagg, a graduate of 
Amherst College, a minister of the gos- 
pel ; married Sarah Hazen. 2. Joseph Ad- 
dison, of further mention. 3. Franklin F., 

married Sarah Frisbie. 4. Margaret, 
married Addison Day. 5. Harriet A., 
never married. 6. William H. 7. Samuel 
D., a veteran of the Civil War. 8. Caro- 
line T., never married. 9. Lyman C, 
never married. The parents were mem- 
bers of the First Congregational Church 
of West Springfield, Horace Smith serv- 
ing for many years as a deacon, and for 
twenty-five years as the superintendent 
of the Sunday school. 

Joseph Addison Smith was born in 
Westfield, Massachusetts, July 5, 1821, 
died in West Springfield, May 12, 1877. 
He was educated in West Springfield 
public schools, and in 1840 established a 
market-gardening business, being one of 
the first to raise produce exclusively for 
the market. He continued a market- 
gardener all his life, and the business he 
developed is still conducted by Joseph 
M. and Addison H. Smith. He was a 
Republican in politics, and held several 
minor town offices. He married Frances 
Olcott Mather, born at Windsor Locks, 
Connecticut, December 20, 1823, and died 
in West Springfield, in 1897, daughter of 
Timothy Mather, farmer, merchant, and 
capitalist, who died in Suffield, Connec- 
ticut, April 29, 1864, aged seventy-six 
years. Timothy Mather married Frances 
Olcott, born in Windsor, Connecticut. 
Joseph Addison and Frances O. (Mather) 
Smith were the parents of six children, 
three of whom died in infancy, two sons 
and a daughter surviving: Joseph M., 
born October 11, 1851, married, in 1875, 
Ellen Moody ; Addison Henry, of further 
mention; Harriet Amanda, residing in 
West Springfield. 

Addison Henry Smith was born in 
West Springfield, Massachusetts, Novem- 
ber 5, 1857, and now (1920). at the age 
of sixty, resides in his native town near 
the scenes of his youth. He attended the 
public schools, passing through all the 



grades, and was graduated from the Chic- 
opee High School in 1874. He then en- 
tered Amherst College, from which he 
graduated in science, in 1878. In 1877 
the firm of J. M. & A. H. Smith was es- 
tablished, which conducts the Wayside 
Market Garden, having one of the most 
extensive market gardens in Western 
Massachusetts, at times cultivating over 
one hundred acres, and employing from 
fifty to seventy-five men. They are also 
the oldest market-gardeners in this sec- 
tion. Their business is conducted upon 
the farm where, seventy-seven years ago, 
their father began market gardening, and 
as he prospered in his day, so the sons 
with the added knowledge of their day 
are prospering in the same line of busi- 
ness. Later, A. H. Smith admitted his 
son, Stanley B. Smith, to the partnership. 
Mr. Smith has delved deep in the science 
of gardening and has contributed to lit- 
erature of special interest to the gar- 
dener, chiefly through the medium of the 
agricultural journals, and by request ad- 
dresses meetings where agriculture is the 
chief theme. He was a youth of twenty 
when he began, being still a college stu- 
dent, and for forty years since that time 
he has given his entire attention to mar- 
ket gardening and to the afifairs of J. M. 
& A. H. Smith. He is an authority on 
the subject, but also takes a deep interest 
in all the afifairs of the community. For 
some time he was in charge of the West 
Springfield public schools ; was a school 
committeeman ; a member of the town 
finance committee for a number of 
years, and a director of the Hampden 
County Improvement League. He is 
a member of many agricultural socie- 
ties, and a frequent contributor to the 
program of their meetings. He is a 
member of the First Congregational 
Church of West Springfield, the church 
of his fathers. In politics he is an inde- 
pendent, with Republican proclivities. 

Mr. Smith married, March 19, 1885, 
Maria Brooks, born in W^est Springfield, 
Massachusetts, October i, 1858, a gradu- 
ate of the West Springfield High School, 
and of the ''Westfield Normal Training 
School. She is a daughter of Reuben 
and Sophia (Smith) Brooks, her father 
being a substantial farmer, dairyman and 
landowner. Reuben Brooks died Decem- 
ber II, 1909, aged eighty-tv/o, his wife 
in 1901. They were the parents of a son 
and five daughters. Addison H. and 
Maria (Brooks) Smith are the parents of 
a daughter and two sons: i. Edith L., a 
graduate of the West Springfield High 
School and of Mount Holyoke College. 
2. Stanley B., who is associated with his 
father in the Wayside Market Garden ; 
married Bertha Vining, and they have a 
son, Stanley B., Jr. 3. Harold A., a grad- 
uate of Amherst College, with class hon- 
ors ; after graduation, for the period of 
the World War, he became an analytic 
chemist in a large munition plant in 
Newark, New Jersey, and now holds 
a similar position in one of the paper 
manufacturing concerns of Holyoke, 

PIERCE, Walter Henry 

A well known market gardener of 
West Springfield. Massachusetts, Walter 
H. Pierce is a man of untiring energy and 
spirit in his community. His interests 
have taken him outside of his own per- 
sonal afifairs, and he has devoted himself 
in many instances to work in the welfare 
of his city and State to such an extent 
as to make him worthy of the recognition 
which those who know him best give him. 

Mr. Pierce was born May 30, 1870, in 
Hudson, New York, the son of James 
Henry and Emma (Bull) Pierce. His 
father was also born in Hudson, July 31, 
1830, where he was reared, educated in 
the public schools, and lived until about 
his eighteenth year, when he went to 



Pittsfield, ]\Iassachusetts, where he was 
employed on the Boston & Albany rail- 
road as fireman. He later became a 
freight conductor, and about 1853 was 
made a passenger conductor on the Hud- 
son River railroad, on which line, during 
a run from Albany to New York City, he 
received injuries from which he died at 
the age of about forty-three or forty-five 
years, in Bath, which had been his home 
since his marriage. During the Civil War 
he had served as a standard bearer. He 
married, in 1852, Emma Bull, who was 
born in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, the 
daughter of Edward J. and Mary (Bagg) 
Bull, the former named a printer of that 
town, having been the editor and pub- 
lisher of the "Berkshire County Eagle." 
He died in Pittsfield at the age of seventy- 
five. A sister, Mary (Bull) Libby, wife 
of Henry J. Libby, now living in 
Nebraska, survives. They have two chil- 
dren : Roy (aged twenty-six) ; and Bar- 
bara (aged twenty). Walter Henry 
Pierce had one sister, Grace, who died in 
1908, at the age of fifty-one. She was 
married to Eugene Bertini. They had 
four children. The Pierce family was 
identified with the Methodist church. 

The earliest years of Walter Henry 
Pierce were spent in Pittsfield, Massachu- 
setts. At the age of seven years he came 
to West Springfield, where he lived with 
his uncle, William H. Bull, until his 
twentieth year. It was here that he re- 
ceived a public school education, spend- 
ing his free hours working on his uncle's 
farm. When twenty-one years old, he 
rented a farm and started in the market 
gardening business on a retail basis. The 
following year he bought the farm and 
started a wholesale business, which he is 
still conducting, having at the present 
time about fifty-five acres under cultiva- 
tion. He organized, in 1917, and was the 
first president of the Market Gardeners of 

West Springfield. Mr. Pierce is an ardent 
advocate for good roads, being the first 
man to get an appropriation from the 
Massachusetts Highway Commission and 
also from the town to build a good road 
from Springfield to the Holyoke line. In 
politics Mr. Pierce is a Republican. He 
is a member of the Board of Selectmen ; a 
director of the West Springfield Coopera- 
tive Bank ; a member of the Board of 
Commerce; on the Bridge Committee of 
the new bridge, proposed, from Spring- 
field to West Springfield, and he was one 
of those who advocated a straight bridge 
after the plan of the one on Vernon 
street, and has personally called upon 
each member of the different boards of 
selectmen, which have held office since 
the new bridge was advocated to secure 
their cooperation in this respect. He be- 
longs to Mt. Orthodox Lodge of Masons ; 
the Bella Grotto of Springfield; the 
Tekoa Lodge of Odd Fellows, in which 
he has held office; the Orpheus Club; 
the Calhoun Club ; and the Fish and 
Game Association of Springfield. He is 
a member of the First Congregational 
Church of West Springfield, in which he 
serves on the Parish Committee. 

On September 3, 1895, Mr. Pierce was 
married to Mary Agnes Alderman, daugh- 
ter of William Pierce and Anna E. (Hap- 
good) Alderman, the former a farmer, of 
Middlefield, Massachusetts, who was 
born in 1836, died at the age of seventy- 
three years, while his wife died in 1912 at 
the age of sixty-eight years. She was a 
daughter of George D. Hapgood. The 
name of Hapgood is an old one in 
New England, and has for generations 
been identified with the progress of this 
country. The first ancestor of whom 
there is definite record was Shadrach 
Hapgood, born about 1642, in England, 
who came to Boston about 1656. He was 
a farmer by occupation ; he was killed in 



King- Philip's War. His immediate de- 
scendant, Thomas Hapgood, married 
Judith Barker, and to them was born 
Thomas (2) Hapgood. Lieutenant Asa 
Hapg-ood, the third son of Thomas (2) 
Hapgood, was born and lived in Shrews- 
bury, Massachusetts. He was a promi- 
nent and respected man in his community, 
having been active in governmental af- 
fairs. His son, David Hapgood, located 
in Vermont, where his extreme energy 
and perseverance in time of peril with the 
Indians was indicative of the strength 
and character of the Hapgood family. He 
also received public recognition, having 
been chosen as magistrate for a consecu- 
tive number of years. Bridgman Hap- 
good was the fifth son of David Hapgood. 
Like his ancestors he held many public 
offices, besides having been extensively 
engaged not only in farming, but in sev- 
eral other industries. He married for his 
first wife Elizabeth Morrison ; for his 
second wife Laura M. Weston. In the 
Alderman family there were five children : 
Kate E., Mary Agnes, who married Wal- 
ter H. Pierce ; Jennie E., who married 
Frank C. Rising, and is the mother of one 
son, William Alderman Rising; Etta 
Louise ; and one who died an infant. 
Those living now reside in West Spring- 

To Mr. and Mrs. Pierce were born 
these children : Walter Raymond, who 
is now attending the New Hampshire 
State College and is in his second term ; 
and Frank Parker, who is at present in 
his second term at the West Springfield 
High School. Mr. and Mrs. Pierce are 
members of the West Springfield Chap- 
ter, order of the Eastern Star, of which 
Mrs. Pierce has been treasurer since its 
organization in 1914. 

DOW, Harry Baker 

Among the physicians of West Spring- 
field is Harry Baker Dow, who is a mem- 

ber of a family of Scotch-Irish descent, 
which has been located in New England 
for many years, and which was founded 
by Timothy Dow. 

The descent to Dr. Harry Baker Dow 
is through Timothy Dow's son, Isaac 
Dow, who was born in Concord, New 
Hampshire, in 1790, and died in 1876. He 
married (first) Lucretia Baker, (second) 
Nancy Austin. By his first marriage he 
was the father of two children : Lucian, 
and Willson ; by his second marriage : 
Emeline, Aseneth, Annette, William, of 
whom further ; and Augusta. 

William Dow, son of Isaac and Nancy 
(Austin) Dow, his second wife, was born 
in Bedford, New Hampshire, November 
10, 1837, died in Springfield, iMassachu- 
setts, August ID, 1912. He obtained his 
education in the schools of West Concord, 
New Hampshire, and as a young man 
he learned the carpenter's trade, then per- 
fected himself in cabinet making. For 
several years he and a partner named 
Abbott were associated in the manufac- 
ture of fine furniture, in West Concord, 
and after his marriage he took up his 
residence in Claremont, New Hampshire, 
where for ten years he and his wife con- 
ducted a millinery business. About 1890 
he moved to Chicopee, Massachusetts, 
and after a period spent at his trade, he 
began dealing in dairy products, which 
he continued successfully until his retire- 
ment in 1908. After withdrawing from 
active life, Mr. Dow moved to Springfield, 
Massachusetts, purchasing a home on 
Summer avenue, where he passed the re- 
maining four years of his life. He was 
a member of the Baptist church, and dur- 
ing his residence in Chicopee served in 
the capacity of trustee. He belonged to 
the Claremont, New Hampshire, Lodge, 
Free and Accepted Masons. He married, 
in 1866, Lora Baker, daughter of the Rev. 
Charles and Mary (Colby) Baker, of 
Grafton, New Hampshire, and they were 



the parents of: Grace Mabel, married 
Alfred Chapin, of Springfield; Frederick 
H., a farmer of Greenwich, Massachusetts, 
and Harry Baker, of whom further. 

Dr. Harry Baker Dow, son of William 
and Lora (Baker) Dow, was born in Chic- 
opee, Massachusetts, August 27, 1876, and 
there attended the public schools. After 
completing his course in the local schools, 
he enrolled in the Boston School of 
Pharmacy, graduating in the class of 
1904. For two years he was employed in 
the pharmacy of C. J. County, in Boston, 
and then deciding upon the medical pro- 
fession as his life work, he prepared him- 
self therefor by a course in the Baltimore, 
Maryland, Medical College, receiving his 
degree M. D., in June, 191 1. For one year 
after graduation he was in the Maryland 
General Hospital, and in 1912 he began 
his practice in West Springfield, in which 
he has since been actively engaged. He 
is a member of the Third Congregational 
Church of West Springfield, and of 
Franklin Lodge, Knights of Pythias, of 
Boston, Eagle Lodge, No. 148, of Spring- 
field, Mt. Orthodox Lodge, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, of West Springfield, and 
of the various medical associations. 

Dr. Dow married, September 7, 191 1, 
Martha Ernestine Damon, daughter of 
Elmer E. and May (Stiles) Damon, of 
Southwick, Massachusetts. They were 
the parents of three children, all of whom 
died in infancy. 

ADASKIN, Herman 

Now head of the Adaskin Furniture 
Company, of Springfield, Massachusetts, 
a business occupying nearly a city block, 
of which he was the founder, Mr. Adas- 
kin is one of that city's representative 

Herman Adaskin is a grandson of Her- 
man Adaskin, who lived and died in Russia, 
and a son of Adolph Adaskin, who was 
born in the Province of Morlif, Russia, in 

1864. During Adolph Adaskin's resi- 
dence in Russia, according to the custom 
of the country, he was obliged to serve 
five years in the army. At the end of this 
time he engaged in the clothing business, 
which he continued to conduct up to 1892, 
when the fires of persecution were burn- 
ing so fiercely in Russia that he was 
obliged to give up his business, and at 
the first opportunity he came to the 
United States, locating in Springfield, 
Massachusetts. There he engaged as a 
painter, which trade he followed during 
his two years' residence in that city. 
While working on the Meekins-Packard 
building, August 2, 1894, he was instantly 
killed, he being only thirty-three years of 
age. Adolph Adaskin married, in Rus- 
sia, in 1882, Rebecca Mittleman, of Mor- 
lif, daughter of Abraham and Rachel 
(Schneiderman) Mittleman. They were 
the parents of three children : Herman, 
of further mention ; Edward, who enlisted 
in the United States navy, serving over- 
seas during the World War, and since his 
return has had charge of the advertising 
department of the Adaskin Furniture 
Company ; and Anna, who became the 
wife of Sidney W. Marks, of Springfield. 
Herman Adaskin, son of Adolph and 
Rebecca (Mittleman) Adaskin, was born 
in Morlif, Russia, January 2, 1883. He 
there spent the first nine years of his 
life, coming to the United States with his 
parents in 1892. Prior to his coming to 
this country, he attended school in Rus- 
sia, and subsequently became a student 
in a school in Springfield, Massachusetts, 
continuing until the death of his father, 
two years after their arrival here. Al- 
though he was but eleven years of age 
when his father died, he became his 
mother's helper in the support of the 
family, he being the eldest child. He 
followed various occupations during his 
youth, later became an auctioneer, and 
still later was with E. O. Smith & Com- 



pany, as salesman. But his ambition was to 
own his own business, and in 1903 he en- 
gaged in the grocery business, and short- 
ly afterwards opened a small furniture 
store at the corner of Bridge and Water 
streets, Springfield. This proved to be 
the business he was fitted for and pros- 
perity has since marked his path. He 
moved from his first store to a much 
larger one, located at the corner of Con- 
gress and Main streets, and in 1906 or- 
ganized the Adaskin Furniture Com- 
pany, and they moved to a store at No. 
234 Main street. This business has con- 
stantly grown until at the present time 
(1921) they occupy five large floors de- 
voted to the sale of furniture. In addi- 
tion to this large retail store in Spring- 
field, Mr. Adaskin owns the Octo Furni- 
ture Company, which occupies a five- 
story building on High street, and is also 
president and owner of the Adaskin, Til- 
ley Furniture Company, which also oc- 
cupies a five-story building at the comer 
of Maple and Suffolk streets, Holyoke, 
is also the owner of a furniture store in 
Providence, and is one of the largest 
dealers in furniture in the State of Mas- 
sachusetts. He is a director of the 
Tharit-Marks Company, clothiers, and is 
a trustee of several realty trusts. He is 
a member of the Nayasset, Publicity, Ox- 
ford, Elks and B'nai B'rith clubs, being 
ex-president of the latter. 

Mr. Adaskin married, October 7, 1907, 
Sadie Wolfson, of Chicopee Falls, Mas- 
sachusetts, daughter of Abraham and 
Minnie Wolfson, her parents coming to 
the United States in 1889. Mr. and Mrs. 
Adaskin are the parents of four daugh- 
ters : Adelaide, Naomi Reitta, Viola Lil- 
lian, and Leah. 

MARTIN, Charles Hay 

One of the enterprising and successful 
business men of Springfield, Massachu- 

setts, is Charles H. Martin. He has re- 
sided in Springfield since 1899, and is 
chiefly interested in the automobile in- 
dustry. He is a lineal descendant of a 
family that has made its home in this 
country since the early part of the eight- 
eenth century, he being a representative 
in the sixth generation. 

(I) Matthew Martin, the first ances- 
tor of the branch herein followed of 
whom we have definite information, was 
of Scotch-Irish descent. He patented 
land in what is now East Earl township, 
Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, in the 
year 1737, and there spent the greater 
part of his life. He joined the Cedar 
Grove Presbyterian Church. He married, 
and among their children was William, 
of further mention. 

(II) William Martin, son of Matthew 
Martin, married Catherine Henry, and 
among their children was Joseph, of fur- 
ther mention. 

(III) Joseph Martin, son of William 
and Catherine (Henry) Martin, and the 
sixth child in order of birth, married 
Mary Neely, and among their children 
was William (2), of further mention. 

(IV) William (2) Martin, son and fifth 
child of Joseph and Mary (Neely) Mar- 
tin, married Jane E. Cherry, and they 
were the parents of the following chil- 
dren : John Calhoun, of further mention ; 
Elizabeth, married John W. Davis; 
Mary; Louise; Clementine; William 
Joseph, and Grier. 

(V) John Calhoun Martin, eldest son 
of William (2) and Jane E. (Cherry) 
Martin, was born in Findlay, Ohio, Sep- 
tember 12, 1832, and died November 16, 
1882, in his native town. Upon the com- 
pletion of his studies in the common 
schools of his neighborhood, he gave his 
attention to farming and the live stock 
business, in which he prospered, but sub- 
sequently changed to the retail crockery 



business which he conducted successfully 
in Findlay prior to and after the Civil 
War, in which he was an active partici- 
pant. He served as captain of Company 
A, Twenty-first Ohio Volunteer Infan- 
try, having been among the first to enter 
the service of the government and among 
the last to receive his honorable dis- 
charge. He was a staff officer during the 
greater portion of the time, serving on 
General Wood's staff. He was wounded 
in action ; he entered as a first lieutenant, 
and at the time of his discharge had 
risen to the rank of major. He kept in 
touch with his army comrades by mem- 
bership in the Grand Army of the Repub- 
lic, having filled the office of commander 
of his post. He was a member of the 
Masonic order, the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows, and the Presbyterian 
church. In politics he was a Republican, 
and was a member of the State Central 

Mr. Martin married, May lO, 1866, 
Florence Hay, of Charlestown, Indiana, 
born August 9, 1835, daughter of Camp- 
bell and (Liggett) Hay. Camp- 
bell Hay was the first white child born 
in Indiana. Children of Mr. and Mrs. 
Martin : Charles Hay, of further men- 
tion : John Albert, a physician, practicing 
his profession in Indiana ; William Camp- 
bell, and Florence Jessie. 

(VI) Charles Hay Martin, eldest son 
of John Calhoun and Florence (Hay) 
Martin, was born in Findlay, Ohio, Octo- 
ber 8, 1867. He was educated in the pub- 
lic schools in his native city, and his first 
employment, upon attaining a suitable 
age, was as traveling salesman for a 
wholesale grocery house in Fostoria, 
Ohio, the firm consisting of John W. 
Davis and Charles Foster, and this con- 
nection continued until he was twenty- 
one years of age, at which time he went 
to Europe in the interests of the W. J. 

White Company, introducing the White 
Chewing Gum in European countries. 
He then became an employee of the Wil- 
son Spice Company, of Toledo, Ohio, 
covering the country west of the Missis- 
sippi river to the Pacific coast. He re- 
mained in California for two years, dur- 
ing which time he followed mining, and 
at the expiration of that period of time, 
in 1897, again returned to his former line 
of work, traveling in California for an 
extensive vineyard company. Later, he 
became interested in automobiles, and in 
1899 returned East, locating in Spring- 
field, Massachusetts, where he brought 
out the first automobile in the country 
with the engine under the hood. He was 
associated in this enterprise with Hins- 
dale Smith. Later he was connected 
with C. H. Taylor in the manufacture of 
automobiles, and in this connection con- 
tinued for a short period of time. He 
then entered the employ of the Knox 
Company, selling the automobile manu- 
factured by them in New York, and he 
also introduced the Knox car in Porto 
Rico, West Indies, it being the first car 
on the island, where he engaged in the 
automobile business for two years. His 
next employment was as sales manager 
for R. L. Morgan, manufacturer of the 
Morgan truck. Mr. Martin designed a 
road tractor which he sold to the Knox 
Motor Company, and which is known as 
the Knox Motor Tractor, Mr. Martin re- 
ceiving a royalty on all sales. In 1915 
he began the manufacture of automobile 
trailers, organizing at the same time the 
Martin Rocking Fifth Wheel Company, 
of which he is president, the plant being 
located in Longmeadow, Massachusetts. 
Mr. Martin is perfecting an automobile 
known as "Scootmobile," which was ex- 
hibited at the Boston Automobile Show, 
and is a two-passenger car, the total 
weight of which is one hundred and fifty 


mAmJjuL aoIo^ 


pounds. It will have a maximum speed 
of thirty miles an hour; travel seventy- 
five miles on a gallon of gasoline ; seat 
two passengers side by side ; and will be 
completely housed for weather protec- 
tion. It is made almost entirely of alumi- 
num alloy and magnesium metal ; has a 
five-horsepower opposed motor and slid- 
ing gear transmission ; and has no uni- 
versal joint or difTerential. Every pos- 
sible ounce that could be spared has been 
eliminated, yet it is strong enough to 
withstand all road shocks. The wheel 
arrangement and suspension are such 
that it will ride as comfortably as a heavy 
car, and the machine is made narrow 
enough to be pushed through an ordinary 
doorway and parked in the office or in 
the front hall. Mr. Martin says: "Al- 
though it will not be ready for the mar- 
ket for some time, we are exhibiting it 
for the purpose of inviting criticism and 
suggestions from dealers and users. Be- 
fore offering it to the public we propose 
subjecting it to months of grueling tests. 
We cannot yet determine just what the 
selling price will be, but because of the 
cost of the material of which it is made — 
from ninety cents to two dollars a pound 
— it will propably be the highest priced 
automobile for its weight in the country." 

Mr. Martin is a member of Lafayette 
Lodge, No. 27, of Rahway, New Jersey ; 
of the Nayasset Club, of Springfield; En- 
gineers' Society of Western Massachu- 
setts ; Old Colony Club, of New York ; 
American Agricultural Engineers ; and 
the American Society of Mechanical En- 
gineers. He is also a member of the First 
Congregational Church of Springfield. 

Mr. Martin married, July 5, 1893, Julia 
Cobb, of Indianapolis, Indian, daughter 
of Edward A. and Sarah Frances (Hay) 
Cobb. Mrs. Martin is a descendant of 
Henry Cobb, of Kent, England, who came 
to America in 1626. Her father, Edward 

A. Cobb, was the son of the Rev. Leander 
Cobb and his wife, Julia Ann (Scribner) 
Cobb, and his grandfather was Seth Cobb, 
who married Frances Cook, a descendant 
of Francis Cook. Mr. and Mrs. Martin 
are the parents of one daughter, Mabel 
Florence, born September 16, 1896, in Los 
Angeles, California. She is a graduate of 
Mt. Holyoke College and of Cornell Uni- 
versity, having received the degree of 
Doctor of Philosophy from the latter 

CLARK, Charles 

The name Clark or Clarke is derived 
from the word Clericus, a priest, or one 
connected with the service of the church. 
At first the name was used only to desig- 
nate those in clerical orders, but in early 
times the church was the only source 
and protector of learning, and any per- 
son who had been educated by the clergy 
eventually came to be called "a clerk." 
Later this name came to be applied to all 
who were able to read and write. Natu- 
rally, with the taking of surnames, so dis- 
tinguished a name was eagerly coveted, 
thus accounting for its frequency, many 
people in the early days adding "le clerk" 
to their names. This was finally dropped, 
Clerk becoming the surname. As it was 
pronounced as though spelled with an 
"a," Clark became the accepted form of 
spelling. Compounds of the name are: 
Beauclark, the good clerk ; Pityclerk, the 
little clerk ; Kenclerk, the knowing clerk. 
The name Milo le Clerk is found in the 
One Hundred Rolls compiled in the reign 
of Edward I. of England. 

There are many families of the name 
of Clark in England, Scotland, and Ire- 
land having the right to bear arms. In 
Scotland and Ireland the name Clark is 
usually a translation from the older 
Gaelic name, O'Cleirigh or Mac Cleirigh, 
which in its turn is derived from the 



name of the main ancestor, Cleirach 
(Gaelic for a clerk). 

Jeremiah Clark, grandfather of Charles 
Clark, of Springfield, Massachusetts, 
lived in Herkimer county, New York, but 
died in Cheshire, Massachusetts. He 
married, and was the father of fourteen 
children, including these six sons : Ben- 
amin, Isaac, Eli, William, Isaac, and 
George W., the father of Charles Clark. 

George \V. Clark was born in Newport, 
Herkimer county. New York, December 
26, 1809, ^"d <^^^d ^" Boston, Massachu- 
setts, March 17, 1890. He was first em- 
ployed in the Blackington Woolen Mills 
at North Adams, and at the age of 
twenty-five years became a manufacturer 
of woolen goods with a mill in Hancock, 
Massachusetts. He conducted that busi- 
ness successfully until he retired, then 
took up his residence in Boston. He was 
a Universalist in his religious faith. 
George W. Clark married Theodosia 
Bartlett, of Cummington, Massachusetts, 
born December 26, 1812, and died in 1881, 
daughter of Asahel and Sarah (Shaw) 
Bartlett. Their children were: Elizabeth; 
Hosea, killed at the age of twenty-five 
years ; Byron L., deceased, leaving daugh- 
ters, Theodosia and Amy ; Sumner S., de- 
ceased, leaving a son, Charles J. ; Amy, 
married William Shaw ; Martha E. ; 
Helen A., died young; Eugene, died 
young; Charles, died in infancy; and 
Charles, of further mention. 

Charles Clark, youngest child of 
George W. and Theodosia (Bartlett) 
Clark, was born in Hancock, Berkshire 
county, Massachusetts, January 3, 1847, 
and there attended the public school. He 
was his father's assistant in the woolen 
mill until he reached the age of twenty- 
three years, when the mill was sold, but 
Charles Clark remained with the new 
owner for a time. After leaving the mill, 
he assisted his father until 1870, when he 

removed to Springfield, Massachusetts, 
which has ever since been his home, now 
(1920) nearly half a century. In Spring- 
field he entered the Smith & Wesson 
plant, where he became an expert tool 
maker, and here he remained for thirty- 
five years. His natural mechanical gen- 
ius and his acquired skill brought him 
recognition, and he was long in charge 
of a certain department of the work. In 
1905 Mr. Clark retired from the employ 
of Smith & Wesson, carrying with him 
the confidence and respect of his employ- 
ers and his fellow workmen. Since leav- 
ing the factory, Mr. Clark has devoted 
himself to his real estate interests, which 
are quite extensive. He is an Independ- 
ent in politics, voting for the man he con- 
siders best fitted for the office, regardless 
of party. Mr. Clark never married. 

LAY, William 

In all the walks of life William Lay 
has so acquitted himself as to be regarded 
as a most valued and honorable citizen, 
and as a representative business man, and 
he well deserves mention among the 
prominent residents of Springfield, 

William Lay, grandfather of William 
Lay of this review, was a native of Eng- 
land, and there spent his entire lifetime, 
in early youth attending the schools in 
the vicinity of his home, and later serving 
an apprenticeship at the trade of stone- 
cutter, which line of work he successfully 
followed as a journeyman. He was a 
man of enterprise and thrift, of public 
spirit and good judgment, and held the 
esteem of his fellow-citizens. He mar- 
ried Elizabeth Roberts, and they were 
the parents of two children : Charles 
Henry, of whom further ; and Kate, who 
became the wife of Joseph Shackleton, 
now deceased ; she is a resident of Spring- 
field, Massachusetts. 




Charles Henry Lay, father of William 
Lay of this review, was born in Corn- 
wall, England, November 5, 1853. He 
obtained a practical education in the 
schools of his native city, and he supple- 
mented this by a course of study in night 
school and by becoming a pupil in the