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Encyclopedia of Pennsylvania 




Librarian Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia ; Author of " Colonial Families 

of Philadelphia;" "Revolutionary History of Bethlehem," 

and various other works. 

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PENNSYLVANIA, as a Colony and one of the principal original States, 
from the outset occupied a commanding position. Its people have 
written large deeds into American history from the very first chapter, 
and are still making history. The past two decades have added materially 
to the population of the State. There have also been wrought great changes 
in the character of the community. Evolution has been more rapid and 
important in the past ten years than in any similar preceding period. Growth 
\ \'m things material has been great; development along educational, archi- 
tectural and artistic lines has been noted. New forces have become powerful. 
The time seems fit for an historical reckoning. 

The present work, "Encyclopedia of Pennsylvania Biography," pre- 
sents in the aggregate an amount and variety of information concerning 
representative Pennsylvanians — men of character and standing, and promi- 
nent in their various spheres — unequalled by any kindred publication; 
indeed, no similar work has ever before been presented. 

There are numerous histories of the State. What has been published, 
however, relates principally to the people in the aggregate; that is, as a 
body politic. The amplification necessary to complete the picture is what 
has been sought in the present work. In other words, it is a chronicle of 
the lives and achievements of individuals who are recognized as large factors 
in the active life of the community — a community not merely an industrial 
and commercial centre, but one with a splendid past and magnificent pros- 
pects. Its people have a character, an individuality, as strongly marked 
as the features of a friend. They have solved problems of the utmost 
importance, and are determinedly engaged in the solution of others growing 
out of new and unprecedented conditions. In their midst are strangers 
from every clime, speaking many languages, and all the problems of human 
life are presented in every phase. Now, as heretofore, are fortunately com- 
mingled the conservativeness that wisely regards the past, and the enterprise 
that courageously faces the future — expressions of the best type of man in 
his perpetual strife for the betterment of civilization. 

Unique in conception and treatment, this work constitutes one of the 
most original and permanently valuable contributions ever made to the 
social history of an American community. It presents in a lucid and digni- 
fied manner all the important facts concerning very many who hold or have 
held leading positions in the social, professional and business life of Pennsyl- 

vania. Nor has it been based upon, neither does it minister to, class 
prejudices and assumptions. On the contrary, its fundamental ideas are 
thoroughly American. The work everywhere conveys the lesson that 
distinction has been gained only by honorable public service or by usefulness 
in private station, and that the development and prosperity of the Common- 
wealth has been dependent upon the character of its citizens, and in the stim- 
ulus which they have given to commerce, to industry, to the arts and sciences, 
to education and religion — to all that is comprised in the highest civilization 
of the present day — through a continual progressive development. 

Pennsylvania affords a peculiarly interesting field for such research. 
Its sons have attained distinction in every field of human effort. This work 
approaches the dignity of a national epitome of biography. Owing to the 
wide dispersion throughout the country of the old families of the State, the 
authentic account here presented of the constituent elements of her social 
life is of far more than merely local value. In its special field it is, in an 
appreciable degree, a reflection of the development of the country at large, 
since hence went out representatives of historical families, in various genera- 
tions, who in far remote places — beyond the Mississippi and in the Far 
West — were with the vanguard of civilization, building up communities, 
creating new commonwealths, planting, wherever they went, the church, 
the school house and the printing press, leading into channels of thrift and 
enterprise all who gathered about them, and proving a power for ideal 
citizenship and good government. 

These records are presented in a series of independent personal narra- 
tives relating to the most conspicuous representatives of the present gener- 
ation. There is entire avoidance of the stereotyped and unattractive manner 
in which such data is usually presented. Leaders in every field of progress 
receive appropriate notice — those whose life and work have been factors 
in the advancement of the State, and without whose influence and labors its 
history would be incomplete. That these ends have been conscientiously 
and faithfully conserved is assured by the cordial personal interest and 
recognized capability of the compiler, John W. Jordan, LL.D., and the 
hearty co-operation of many representative Pennsylvanians, all well versed 
in the history of the commonwealth. In this connection the publishers 
desire to express their especial thanks to the following named gentlemen for 
valuable assistance in various directions: Rev. Horace E. Hayden, M.A., 
Corresponding Secretary and Librarian of Wyoming Historical and Geo- 
logical Society, Wilkes-Barre; Prof. M. G. Brumbaugh, Ph.D., LL.D., 
Superintendent of Public Schools, Philadelphia; Hon. Charles B. Staples, 
Judge of Forty-third Judicial District, Stroudsburg; Hon.W. S. Kirkpatrick, 
former Attorney General of Pennsylvania and Member of Congress, Easton; 
Hon. Thomas L. Montgomery, Librarian of State Library, Harrisburg; 
Hon. Boyd Crumrine, author, Washington; Mr. Louis Richards, President 
of Berks County Historical Society, Reading; Rev. Andrew A. Lambing, 

LL.D., author of various standard historical works, Pittsburgh; Mr. John 
Kennedy Lacock, A.M., author and antiquarian, Amity; Prof. George T. 
Ettinger, Dean of Muhlenberg College, Allentown; Gen. Harry White, 
former State Senator, Member of Congress, Indiana; Mr. H. M. M. Richards, 
author, former Secretary of Pennsylvania German Society, Lebanon; Mr. 
John Thomson, Librarian of Free Library, Philadelphia; Hon Rufus Barrett 
Stone, President Carnegie Public Library, Bradford; Mr. James Hadden, 
antiquarian and author of various historical works, Uniontown; Prof. George 
Morris Philips, A.M., Ph.D., author, Principal of Pennsylvania State Normal 
School, West Chester; Prof. Charles F. Himes, Ph.D., LL.D., long time pro- 
fessor in Dickinson College, Carlisle; Mr. George R. Prowell, proprietor 
School of Business, author, York; Rev. Joseph H. Bausman, D.D., author, 
professor in Washington and Jefferson College; Rev. William J. Holland, 
Sc.D., author, Managing Director of Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh; Mr. 
Burd Shippen Patterson, Secretary of Historical Society of Western Pennsyl- 
vania, etc., Pittsburgh; Mr. Warren S. Ely, Librarian and Curator Bucks 
County Flistorical Society, Doylestown. 

The Publishers. 




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WAYNE, Gen. Anthony, 

Distinguished Soldier. 

General Anthony Wayne was born in 
Eastown, Chester county, Pennsylvania, 
January i, 1745, the only son of Isaac 
Wayne, of English-Irish ancestry. 

He attended the Philadelphia Academy, 
became a land surveyor, and upon the 
recommendation of Benjamin Franklin 
was employed by a land company in 
Nova Scotia. In 1769 he was married, 
and became a farmer and surveyor in 
Chester county. He was a member of 
the Provincial Convention of 1774; as- 
sembled to devise a means of settlement 
of the difficulties between England and 
the colonies ; and of the Pennsylvania 
Convention of the same year; was a dele- 
gate to the Colonial Legislature, 1774-75, 
and a member of the Committee of 
Safety in 1775. 

On the outbreak of the Revolutionary 
War he recruited among his neighbors 
a company which was enlarged into 
the Fourth Battalion of Pennsylvania 
Troops, was elected its colonel, Jan- 
uary 3, 1776, and was assigned to Gen- 
eral John Thomas' brigade of the North- 
ern Army, January 3, 1776. He attacked 
the British at Three Rivers, where he 
was wounded, and obliged to withdraw 
his troops to Ticonderoga, which place 
he commanded. He was commissioned 
brigadier-general February 21, 1777; 
joined General Washington's army in 
New Jersey; commanded a division at 
Brandywine; and opposed the passage of 

the river at Chadd's Ford by Knyp- 
hausen, and at the close of the day safely 
withdrew his troops. He was attacked 
by a superior force at Paoli, September 
20 » *777< ar >d effected a successful sortie 
which enabled him practically to hold his 
ground, but subjected him to a court of 
inquiry, which acquitted him with the 
highest honors. At the battle of Ger- 
mantown he drove the enemy before 
him, and wintered at Valley Forge. He 
took part in the battle of Monmouth, 
under Lee, and after being ordered to re- 
treat by Lee, Washington assumed com- 
mand, and Wayne brought his troops 
into position and repulsed a bayonet 
charge by Colonel Henry Monckton, se- 
curing victory to Washington's army and 
the death of every British officer en- 
gaged in the charge. He commanded a 
corps of light infantry organized by 
Washington in 1779, and on July 15th 
marched toward the garrison at Stony 
Point, on the Hudson, advanced in two 
columns at midnight, surprised the Brit- 
ish pickets, gained the center of the fort, 
and, though he was wounded, entered 
the fort, supported by his aides, and re- 
ceived the surrender of the garrison. For 
this a gold medal was presented him by 
Congress, and he received the thanks of 
the General Assembly of Pennsylvania 
and of Congress. He failed to capture 
the "Block House," in 1780, and on Jan- 
uary 1, 1781, he succeeded in amicably 
quelling the mutiny in the Pennsylvania 
line. He jointed Lafayette in Virginia 
and took part in the battle at James- 


town Ford, where he fell back after a 
desperate charge in which he succeeded 
in relieving Lafayette, who was in dang- 
er from a projected manoeuvre of the 
enemy, thus saving the entire army from 
defeat. He served at Green Springs, and 
at Yorktown, where he opened the first 
parallel, covered the advance of the sec- 
ond parallel on the nth, and supported 
the French allies on the 14th. He joined 
General Nathanael Greene in the south 
after the surrender, and on June 23, 1782, 
he was attacked by a body of Creek In- 
dians who gained possession of his ar- 
tillery, but by a bayonet charge he put 
them to rout. He took possession of 
Savannah, Georgia, July 4, and Charles- 
ton, South Carolina, December 14, 1782, 
after their evacuation by the British. 
He was brevetted major-general, Octo- 
ber 10, 1783, when he returned to Penn- 
sylvania, was chosen a member of the 
Board of Censors, 1783, to the General 
Assembly, 1784-85, and was a member of 
the convention that ratified the Constitu- 
tion of the United States. He removed 
to Georgia, where he took possession of 
a tract of land granted him for his serv- 
ices in the Revolution; and was elected 
a representative in the Second Congress, 
1791-92, but his seat was contested by 
James Jackson, and declared vacant 
March 21, 1792, and he refused to be a 
candidate for re-election. He was ap- 
pointed by President Washington gen- 
eral-in-chief of the United States army 
with the rank of major-general, and the 
Senate confirmed the appointment April 
3, 1793. He organized a body of troops 
which he drilled and trained in Indian 
warfare, and in 1793, he marched against 
the hostile tribes in the northwest. He 
built Fort Recovery near Greenville, 
Ohio, and Fort Defiance, at the junction 
of the Miami and La Glaize rivers, and 
offered the Indians peace if they would 
lay down their arms. On their refusal 

he defeated them at Fallen Timbers, 
laying their country waste. On August 
3, 1795, he signed a treaty with twelve 
tribes of Indians. It is not easy to over- 
rate the importance of this victory from 
a national point of view, for it opened 
the West to emigrants, and secured in 
their life liberty and prosperity, by laws 
of their own making. While on his tri- 
umphal visit to Pennsylvania he was ap- 
pointed United States commissioner to 
treat with the Northwestern Indians, but 
while descending Lake Erie to take pos- 
session of the forts previously held by 
the British, he fell ill with the gout, was 
landed at Presque Isle, and soon after 
died. A marble monument to his mem- 
ory was erected in St. David's church- 
yard, Chester county, Pennsylvania, by 
the Pennsylvania State Society of the 
Cincinnati, July 4, 1809, his son, Hon. 
Isaac Wayne, having removed his re- 
mains to that churchyard early that year. 
He died in Presque Isle, Pennsylvania, 
December 15, 1796. 

PENNYPACKER, Samuel Whitaker, 

Statesman, Lawyer, Litterateur. 

The career of the Hon. Samuel Whita- 
ker Pennypacker, of Pennsylvania bears 
out the contention of those adherents of 
the doctrine of heredity who believe that 
a man's character is the immediate out- 
come of ancestral traits. His life has 
followed the tradition of all the genera- 
tions of his house in its dignity, industry 
and integrity, and by its unswerving de- 
votion to the highest ideals in private 
life and in political service. To natural 
endowments of an unusual order he has 
added, by laborious pains, the enormous 
fund of learning in all matters pertain- 
ing to the law that has put him in the 
front rank of authorities in jurispru- 
dence. His judicial opinions, character- 
ized as they are by excellent common 



sense, sound reasoning, and an enlight- 
ened knowledge of the principles and 
application of the law, have given uni- 
versal satisfaction to the community he 
served. His work as a practical states- 
man has been of no less importance, and 
has been marked by the same unswerv- 
ing patriotism and sense of duty to the 
people. It is through the production of 
men of this caliber that republican insti- 
tutions in this country have continued 
for generations to justify themselves to 
the impartial observer, and confirm the 
belief that "government for the people 
and by the people will not perish from 
the earth." 

The ancestry of Governor Penny- 
packer is of distinguished Dutch origin 
on his father's side, and also traces back 
through maternal ancestors to a line 
prominent by reason of high position in 
the community and important service to 
the state. The first American ancestor 
of the family now generally bearing the 
name of Pennypacker was Hendrick 
Pannebecker, a Dutch patroon. This 
family has produced a United States sen- 
ator from Virginia, a major-general from 
Tennessee of the United States army, a 
state agent from Kentucky, a canal com- 
missioner and a governor from Pennsyl- 
vania ; and has furnished to the Civil 
War two generals, four colonels, twenty- 
two other commissioned officers, in all 
one hundred and forty-eight men, the 
largest ascertained contribution of any 
single family to that war. 

Hendrick Pannebecker, though of im- 
mediate Dutch origin, was born on the 
Rhine, not far from the city of Worms, 
March 21, 1674. The name Pannebecker 
is of Hollandic origin, being the Dutch 
word meaning a maker of tiles. Panne- 
becker was one of those who sought re- 
ligious freedom and a new field for ad- 
vancement in Penn's colony in Pennsyl- 
vania soon after the first thirteen fam- 
ilies of Dutch and Germans had formed 

their settlement, which later became 
known as Germantown. An approxi- 
mate date for his arrival may be gained 
by the record of his marriage in Ger- 
mantown to Eve Umstat in 1699. By 
virtue of extensive purchases of land and 
of his practical sagacity and linguistic 
and business ability, he soon occupied a 
leading position in the colony. He 
owned about seven thousand acres of 
land, including the lands of Bebbers' 
township, and was usually the principal 
spokesman in all matters that came up 
between the Dutch population and the 
proprietary and provincial government. 
He was on terms of intimacy with such 
prominent men as Edward Shippen, 
Richard Hill, James Logan and Isaac 
Norris, and is referred to in a number 
of recorded instruments as a "Gentle- 
man." He was the owner of a library 
of books upon the flyleaf of one of which, 
now in the possession of one of his de- 
scendants, some latinist of the time had 
written, "Henrich Pannebecker 'habet 
virtuosam uxorem.' " Hendrick Panne- 
becker died in 1754, and his large landed 
estate was divided among his children. 
The old homestead at Pennypacker's 
.Mills, which was used as headquarters 
by Washington for a time during the 
Revolution, is now owned and occupied 
by his great-great-great-grandson, Hon. 
Samuel Whitaker Pennypacker. 

Jacob Pannebecker, the fourth son of 
Hendrick and Eve (Umstat) Panne- 
becker, was born in 1715. He married 
Margaret, daughter of Matthias and Bar- 
bara (Sellen) Tyson, who were of those 
Dutch and Germans from the lower 
Rhine, who had formed the original 
colony at Germantown. Their son, 
Matthias, was born on the "Skippack," 
October 14, 1742, and died February 12, 
1808. He purchased a mill and a tract 
of land on Pickering creek, Chester 
county, Pennsylvania, in 1774, and set- 
tled there. He became a bishop of the 


Mennonite church and preached in Phoe- 
nixville, Skippack and Germantown. By 
his first wife, Mary Kuster, he had a son, 
also Matthias, by whom the name began 
now to be spelled Pennypacker. 

Matthias Pennypacker was born Aug- 
ust 15, 17S6, in Chester county, Penn- 
sylvania, and died there after a life of 
more than ordinary public activity. He 
was a member of the Constitutional Con- 
vention in 1837; for a number of years 
was a member of the General Assembly 
of Pennsylvania, and was president of 
the organization which eventually be- 
came the Philadelphia & Reading Rail- 
road Company, being one of the incor- 
porators of the company. He married 
Sarah, daughter of the Hon. Isaac An- 
derson, a lieutenant of militia during the 
Revolutionary War, and a member of the 
House of Representatives of the United 
States. The family of Sarah (Ander- 
son) Pennypacker boasts a lineage as 
' ancient and honorable as any in Amer- 
ica. Not only in this country has the 
family been represented by men who 
have contributed an important part in 
the upbuilding of the Commonwealth, 
but is to be traced through more than 
one line to Dierck, Count of Holland, 
Zeeland and Friesland, A.D. 863, and to 
Edward III. of England, and his wife 

Dr. Isaac Anderson Pennypacker, son 
of Matthias and Sarah (Anderson) 
Pennypacker, born July 9, 1812, in Ches- 
ter county, Pennsylvania, was the father 
of Governor Samuel Whitaker Penny- 
packer. He studied medicine and was 
graduated from the Medical Department 
of the University of Pennsylvania in 
1833. Entering upon the practice of 
his profession at Phoenixville, Chester 
county, he became an eminent and suc- 
cessful physician. He was the first chief 
burgess of Phoenixville in its organiza- 
tion as a borough in 1849. In 1854 Dr. 
Pennypacker was appointed professor of 

the theory and practice of medicine at 
the Philadelphia College of Medicine 
and removed to that city, residing there 
until his death in 1856. He was a 
founder and the first president of the 
Philadelphia City Institute and, together 
with the late Dr. James L. Tyson, or- 
ganized the Howard Hospital. Dr. 
Pennypacker married, May 9, 1839, Anna 
Maria, daughter of Joseph Whitaker, a 
wealthy iron-master of Phoenixville, one 
of the firm of Reeves & Whitaker, and 
at one time owner of the Durham Iron 
Works at Durham, Bucks county, Penn- 
sylvania, as well as of extensive iron 
works in Maryland and elsewhere, and a 
member of the Pennsylvania Assembly 
in 1843. 

Dr. Isaac Anderson and Anna Maria 
(Whitaker) Pennypacker had four sons, 
of whom Governor Samuel Whitaker 
Pennypacker was the eldest. The sec- 
ond son was Henry Clay Pennypacker, 
a prominent Philadelphia business man 
and a large landowner in Chester county ; 
his residence is '"Moore Hall," Chester 
county, one of the historic colonial places 
of the state. Dr. Pennypacker's third 
son was Isaac Rustling Pennypacker, 
who has filled important editorial posi- 
tions on the leading newspapers of Wil- 
mington, Delaware, and Philadelphia. 
He is also an author and poet of no 
slight reputation. His historical and en- 
cyclopedic work and his occasional and 
patriotic poems have elicited the highest 
commendation. He has followed the cus- 
tom of his family in identifying himself 
with all the important public movements 
of the community. The fourth and 
youngest son of Dr. Pennypacker was 
James Lane Pennypacker, who is further 
mentioned on a following page. 

Hon. Samuel Whitaker Pennypacker, 
LL.D., Governor of Pennsylvania, 
1903-07, was born at Phoenixville, Ches- 
ter county, Pennsylvania, April 9, 1843. 
When he was a child his parents re- 


moved to Philadelphia, and he received 
his elementary education in the schools 
of that city. He entered the Northwest 
Grammar School and later obtained a 
scholarship at the Saunders Institute, 
West Philadelphia. When his father 
died in 1856 he returned with his mother 
to Phoenixville, and there attended the 
Grovemont Seminary. In 1862 he taught 
school at Mont Clare, Montgomery 

In 1863 he enlisted in Company F, 
Twenty-sixth (Emergency) Regiment, 
the first force to encounter the Confeder- 
ate army at Gettysburg. At the expira- 
tion of his term of service Mr. Penny- 
packer took up the study of law in the 
office of Hon. Peter McCall, of Phila- 
delphia, and entered the Law Depart- 
ment of the University of Pennsylvania, 
receiving his degree of Bachelor of Laws' 
in 1866. In the same year he was ad- 
mitted to the Philadelphia bar, and began 
practice in that city. In 1868 he was 
elected president of the Law Academy 
of Philadelphia, and in 1887 was ad- 
mitted to practice in the Supreme Court 
of the United States. He was appointed 
in 1889 to fill a vacancy on the bench 
of the Court of Common Pleas, and in 
November of the same year was elected 
to the same position for the full term 
of ten years. He was unanimously re- 
elected to this position in 1889 for an- 
other term of ten years, being then the 
president judge of the court. Before his 
term expired he resigned his judicial 
position to accept, in 1902, the Republi- 
can nomination to the office of governor. 
His election had the character of a 
triumph, receiving, as he did, a majority 
of 156,000 votes over his Democratic op- 
ponent, ex-Governor Robert E. Pattison, 
who had twice held the position. 

The work of Governor Pennypacker in 
the administration of the Commonwealth 
was marked by advance in many direc- 
tions. The agitation for good roads took 

such shape that practical work was be- 
gun, the Health Department was estab- 
lished, the State Constabulary was 
created, a great coal miners' strike was 
averted, the Forestry Reserve was 
doubled, Valley Forge was made a state 
park, Greater Pittsburgh was incorpo- 
rated, a new capitol completed and dedi- 
cated, the state apportioned into sena- 
torial and representative districts for the 
first time in thirty years ; the volume of 
new laws was cut down one-third ; the 
power of corporations to seize the sources 
of the water supply was taken away; 
legislation was enacted that was charac- 
terized as making an epoch in the better- 
ment of political conditions ; $375,000 was 
appropriated for deepening the channel 
of the Delaware river, and over $11,000,- 
000 left in the treasury. 

Governor Pennypacker has always 
taken the keenest interest in all the af- 
fairs of the city of his adoption. The 
cause of popular education has always 
found in him a firm friend and champion, 
and for a time he served as a member 
of the Board of Education. Intensely 
proud of his native state and all that 
concerned her origin, he has made him- 
self an authority upon her history and 
institutions. A careful and thorough 
student, his logical mind, his conserva- 
tive exactness in the marshalling of ma- 
terial, and his scholarly presentation of 
the subject, combine to make his his- 
torical publications models of accuracy 
and authenticity. Among the more 
prominent of his publications are: "The 
Settlement of Germantown," "Hendrick 
Pannebecker," "Historical and Biograph- 
ical Sketches," "Bebber's Township," 
"The Annals of Phoenixville" and "Con- 
gress Hall." He has also published a 
number of legal text books of merit, 
among them being "Pennsylvania 
Colonial Cases," "Digest of Common Law 
Reports," and "Pennypacker's Supreme 
Court Reports." 


Governor Pennypacker has not only 
been an industrious historical writer, but 
has been an active member of the His- 
torical Society of Pennsylvania, and has 
greatly aided research by promoting in 
every way the usefulness of that institu- 
tion. After having served it for many 
years as vice-president, he has been since 
1900 its president. It was largely through 
his instrumentality that the state ap- 
propriation was secured that enabled the 
society to erect its present large and 
handsome building. He was one of the 
founders and is now the vice-president 
of the Pennsylvania Society of the Sons 
of the Revolution, and fills the same posi- 
tion in the Colonial Society; has been 
president of the Netherlands Society and 
of the Pennsylvania German Society; is 
a member of the Society of Colonial 
Wars, the Society of the War of 1812, 
and of the Pennsylvania History Club. 
He is president of the Philobiblion Club, 
and connected with other historical, edu- 
cational and social organizations. He 
has been for a number of years a trustee 
of the University of Pennsylvania, and is 
a past commander of Frederick Taylor 
Post, No. 19, Grand Army of the Re- 

Governor Pennypacker is an antiqua- 
rian of no mean order, and owns a collec- 
tion of Pennsylvania manuscripts, publi- 
cations and curios which is extremely 
valuable. Franklin and Marshall Col- 
lege, Muhlenberg College, and the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, have conferred 
on him the degree of Doctor of Laws. 

He married, October 20, 1870, Virginia 
Earl, daughter of Nathan B. Broomall, of 
Phoenixville, a descendant of one of the 
oldest and most important Quaker 
families of Delaware county. The fol- 
lowing children were born to them: 
Dirck Koster Pennypacker, born August 
4, 1871, died January 18, 1872; Josephine 
Whitaker Pennypacker, born November 
14, 1872; Eliza Broomall Pennypacker, 

born October 18, 1874, graduate of Bryn 
Mawr College, 1897; Anna Maria Whit- 
aker Pennypacker, born November 22, 
1876, graduate of Bryn Mawr College, 
1897; Samuel Richardson Pennypacker, 
born December 3, 1878, died November 
2, 1880; Bevan Aubrey Pennypacker, 
born July 29, 1881, graduated from the 
Law School of the University of Penn- 
sylvania, and was admitted to the Phila- 
delphia bar, where he has since practiced 
his profession. 


Book Publisher, Litterateur. 

James Lane Pennypacker, son of Dr. 
Isaac Pennypacker (q. v.), and Anna 
Maria (Whitaker) Pennypacker, was 
born December 11, 1855, in Philadelphia, 
in the house now numbered 1803 Chest- 
nut street. As a boy he went to the 
Friends' Central School, from which he 
was graduated in 1874, going later to 
Harvard University. From this institu- 
tion he was graduated in 1880, with the 
degree of A.B., magna cum laude. In 
1881 he entered the Old Corner Book 
Store, Boston, Massachusetts, doing the 
editorial work for that well-known book 
publishing establishment until 1883, when 
he returned to Philadelphia and there 
continued the publishing business. In 
1892 he became connected with the 
Christopher Sower Company, of which 
house he is now vice-president and gen- 
eral manager. The Christopher Sower 
Company was founded in 1738, and has 
been in continuous existence from that 
date to the present time, and is the old- 
est and historically the most famous pub- 
lishing house in America. It is a mem- 
ber of the Association of Centenary 
Firms and Corporations of the United 

Mr. Pennypacker is a member of the 
Harvard Chapter of the Phi Beta Kappa; 
Harvard Club of Philadelphia ; Academy 



-.. 7H 


of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia; 
American Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science; Historical Society of 
Pennsylvania; Sons of the Revolution; 
and the Netherlands Society of Phila- 
delphia. He is an advisory manager of 
the Free Museum of Science and Art, of 
the University of Pennsylvania, and 
president of the Delaware Valley Natu- 
ralists' Union, located in or near Phila- 
delphia, on both sides of the Delaware 

James Lane Pennypacker married, 
June 17, 1884, Grace Fisher Coolidge, 
born October 3, 1858, daughter of George 
and Hepsy A. (Seaver) Coolidge, of 
Dedham, Massachusetts, and ninth in 
descent from John Coolidge, who came 
from Cambridgeshire, England, in 1630, 
and settled in Watertown, Massachu- 
setts. Mr. Pennypacker and his family 
reside at Haddonfield, New Jersey. 
They have had five children: 1. Grace 
Coolidge, born January 24, 1886; grad- 
uated from Friends' Central School, 1905; 
died February 1, 1906. 2. Joseph Whit- 
aker, born October 2, 1887; graduated 
from Haverford College, A.B. degree, 
1909, A.M. degree, Harvard, 1910. 3. 
Edward Lane, born September 12, 1889; 
died May 25, 1899. 4. James Anderson 
(twin), born June II, 1899. 5. Anna 
Margaret (twin), born June II, 1899. 

WEIGHTMAN, William, 

Scientist, Manufacturer. 

Few men are permitted to travel so 
long upon life's pathway as William 
Weightman, and fewer still are those who 
attain in equal measure "the blest ac- 
companiments of age, honor, riches, 
troops of friends." His years, ninety- 
one, were worthily spent and of distinct 
value to the world's progress. The firm 
of Powers & Weightman, with which he 
was associated for over half a century, 

stood as a leader in chemical manufac- 
turing, and its products were accepted 
as the standard which all others strove 
to follow or to imitate. His spirit of in- 
vestigation and experiment led him as a 
chemist into fields hitherto unexplored, 
and resulted in valuable discoveries of 
new chemicals and processes of manu- 
facture. His large fortune was accumu- 
lated as the legitimate upbuilding of an 
immense business, guided with a wisdom 
unequalled, and the judicious investment 
of surplus profits in Philadelphia real 
estate. His remarkable executive abil- 
ity and sound judgment will be shown 
as the results of his life work are more 
fully described. 

William Weightman was born in Walt- 
ham, Lincolnshire, England, September 
30, 1813, son of William and Anne (Farr) 
Weightman. He died in Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania, August 25, 1904. Of his 
early life in England little can be told, 
further than that he obtained a good 
common school education. At the age of 
sixteen years he came to the United 
States at the suggestion of an uncle, 
John Farr, a chemist, who was the 
founder of the firm of Farr & Kunzi, in 
1818. John Farr was the first to manu- 
facture sulphate of quinine, and was 
devoting himself to an investigation of 
the quinine alkaloids at the time Palla- 
tier and Gaventon announced the dis- 
covery of quinine in 1820. 

Mr. Weightman was in the employ of 
Farr & Kunzi until 1836, when the junior 
member retired, and Mr. Farr admitted 
Thomas H. Powers and William Weight- 
man to partnership under the firm name 
of Farr, Powers & Weightman, and after 
the death of Mr. Farr in 1847, continued 
as Powers & Weightman, a name that 
won international distinction among 
manufacturing chemists. This firm con- 
tinued in most successful operation un- 
til 1878, when Mr. Powers died. Mr. 
Weightman then, in addition to his du- 


ties as chemist, took full charge of the 
commercial interests and management of 
the firm. In 1883 he admitted his two 
sons, Dr. Farr Weightman and Dr. 
William Weightman, to partnership, 
both remaining in active connection with 
the business until removed by death. In 
1893, Robert J. C. Walker, an ex-mem- 
ber of Congress and Mr. Weightman's 
son-in-law, was admitted to the firm and 
su continued until his death in 1903. In 
the January following, his widow, An- 
nie M. (Weightman) Walker, was ad- 
mitted a partner, and bore with her aged 
father the tremendous responsibility of 
their immense business. 

Mr. Weightman continued in active 
connection with the business until his 
last illness, which occurred when he was 
ninety-one years of age. He survived 
four sets of partners (1836-1904), and in 
turn was survived by his most capable 
daughter, Mrs. Walker (now Mrs. Fred- 
erick C. Penfield), who continued in 
charge of Powers & Weightman until 
December, 1904, when the business was 
consolidated with that of a former com- 
petitor, Rosengarten & Sons, under the 
firm style of the Powers-Weightman- 
Rosengarten Company. She was the 
only woman in the United States to hold 
such a position of responsible trust, and 
proved herself worthy of the confidence 
reposed in her by her father. She is 
known as one of the wealthiest women 
in the United States, but is even more 
widely known because of her charity and 
benevolence, manifested by generous con- 
tributions to worthy institutions and so- 
cieties of her choice. 

Mr. Weightman for a half a century 
was a central figure in the chemical 
world. To enumerate his discoveries 
and inventions would be to write a vol- 
ume, but his connection with the intro- 
duction of quinine into the United States 
must be noted. He was the first man to 
introduce this drug to the trade in this 

country, and transacted an enormous 
business therein. The duty levied by the 
government was very high and the price 
charged was necessarily so, which gave 
rise to the untruthful report that Mr. 
Weightman charged an excessive price. 
But, on the contrary, it was entirely due 
to his efforts that sulphate of Cinchona 
became so favorably known and so wide- 
ly used as the efficient substitute for qui- 
nine at the time the high price of the lat- 
ter drug restricted its use. In 1875 the 
Eliott Cresson gold medal was awarded 
the firm by the Franklin Institute, "for 
the introduction of an industry new in 
the United States and perfection of the 
result in the product obtained in the 
manufacture of Citric Acid." The same 
medal, though rarely conferred, was also 
awarded "for the ingenuity and skill 
shown in the manufacture and for the 
perfection of workmanship displayed in 
the perfection of the cheaper alkaloids of 
the Cinchona bark." An indication of 
the "skill and ingenuity" for which the 
medal was awarded is to be found in 
their statements made in connection 
with an exhibit made at the World's 
Fair, held in Chicago in 1893, that: "The 
exhibit made at the Columbian Exposi- 
tion is not entered for competition, but 
is simply a transfer from its store rooms 
of some of the leading productions of the 
house, without special selection and just 
as they are being shipped daily." 

The house for many years held first 
rank among the chemical manufacturing 
enterprises of the country. Their meth- 
ods were such that success came as the 
merited, logical and legitimate result of 
business methods, which neither sought 
nor required disguise. Quality was 
never sacrificed for quantity, the high- 
est standards in both quality and serv- 
ice being maintained. In his treatment 
of employees, Mr. Weightman was emi- 
nently fair and generous. Many of them 
remained with him through life, and all 



showed for him a strong, deep love and 
devotion. He was quick to recognize 
efficiency and faithfulness and to reward 
ability and fidelity by promotion as op- 
portunity offered. 

He was not a man of one idea or of 
one talent, but was interested in other 
business activities in Philadelphia, a di- 
rector of the Philadelphia Trust Com- 
pany, of the Northern Trust Company, 
the Commercial Bank, and the larg- 
est owner of real estate in the city. 
He was deeply interested in the work of 
the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, 
of which he was a member from 1856 un- 
til his death. He took no part in society 
functions or public affairs, his chief 
source of recreation being at his beau- 
tiful country home at Raven Hill, in 
Germantown, in the cultivation of rare 
plants and flowers. Here ended his long 
and useful life. 

He married, March 17, 1841, Louisa, 
daughter of Joseph Stewagon. His two 
sons, John Farr and William, both phy- 
sicians, passed away before their father, 
his only daughter, Annie M., previously 
mentioned, being the sole survivor. But 
his name lives in the great commercial 
house he founded, in the great estate he 
left, and in the hearts of old friends and 
employees, whose regard for their friend 
and benefactor only death will extin- 

MEIRS, Richard Wain, 

Manufacturer, Financier. 

The ancestry of Mr. Meirs, of Phila- 
delphia, Pennsylvania, includes the dis- 
tinguished families of Gaskill, Stockton, 
Wain, Ridgway and Armitt. He traces 
to the earliest pioneer days in New Eng- 
land, and to the coming of William 
Penn in Pennsylvania. His Gaskill 
lineage is the English family of that 
name, who, persecuted as Quakers in 
New England, moved to Burlington 

county, New Jersey, where they inter- 
married with the Stocktons and other 
noted families of that state. His Wain 
ancestors intermarried with the Ridg- 
way, Morris and Vaux families of Phila- 
delphia. His mother, Elizabeth Wain, 
was a descendant of Nicholas Wain, the 
founder of the family in America, and 
son of Richard and Jane (Rudd) Wain, 
of Burham, in Bolland, Yorkshire, Eng- 
land. Nicholas Wain, at the time of his 
marriage, October 1, 1673, to Jane, 
daughter of William Turner, of Wind- 
yeats, Yorkshire, was living at Chapel 
Croft, Yorkshire. He crossed the At- 
lantic with William Penn on the "Wel- 
come," which dropped anchor nine miles 
below Philadelphia, October 22, 1682. 
In England he had purchased of Penn 
one thousand acres of land on the Nesh- 
aminy, in Bucks county, Pennsylvania, 
and thereon he built a home in which 
was held the first Quaker meeting in 
that locality, January 1, 1683. He was 
a member of the first assembly that met 
at Philadelphia, March 12, 1682-83, and 
again represented Bucks county in that 
body 1687-88-89-92-95. He was a mem- 
ber of the first grand jury empaneled, 
October 25, 1685, sheriff of Bucks 
county, 1685; and a justice, 1689. In 
1696 he moved to Philadelphia county, 
where he served in the Assembly, 1696- 
97, 1700-01-13-14-15-17. In 171 1 he be- 
came one of the public school directors. 
He was equally prominent in the Society 
of Friends, and was practically the 
founder of the Middletown Monthly 
Meeting. He was one of the committee 
authorized to purchase land and estab- 
lish the Fair Hill burying ground, on the 
Germantown road, while about 1706 the 
Fair Hill meeting house was erected. 
He continued active in the Society until 
his death. Three of his eleven children 
were born in England. 

Richard Wain, the eldest son, was 
born June 16, 1678. While not yet at- 


taining the prominence of his father, yet 
he took active part in the development 
of the Northern Liberties and the large 
estate there. On September 25, 1734, he 
was appointed a member to rearrange 
the line of the Germantown road from 
the boundary of the city to Cohocksing 
creek. He married, 1706, Anne, daugh- 
ter of Robert Heath. 

Of their ten children, the eldest of 
three sons was Nicholas, born January 
19, 1709-10, passing his life on the old 
Wain estate, in the Northern Liberties, 
where he died comparatively young, in 
1744. He married, March 23, 1734, Mary, 
daughter of George and Rebecca Dill- 

Their son, Richard Wain, born about 
1737, engaged in mercantile life and ac- 
quired considerable wealth. About 1770 
he moved to Monmouth county, New 
Jersey, where he purchased a large tract, 
naming his estate Walnford, by which 
name it is yet designated. Being a 
Friend, he was a non-combatant during 
the Revolution, but was arrested and 
given the choice of three things — "go to 
jail, take the test, or go within the Eng- 
lish lines." After the Revolution he 
again made his home in Philadelphia, 
but making Walnford his summer home 
until his death, May 23, 1809. He mar- 
ried, December 4, 1760, Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Joseph Armitt, a Philadelphia 
merchant; she died February 20, 1790. 
Their oldest son, Nicholas Wain, suc- 
ceeded his father in the ownership of 
Walnford, where his entire life was 
passed. He married Sarah, born Novem- 
ber 8, 1779, daughter of John and Eliza- 
beth (Wright) Ridgway. Their eldest 
son, Richard, married (first) Mary Ann, 
daughter of Riley and Sarah (Warren) 
Allen. Elizabeth, eldest of the two 
daughters of Richard and Mary Ann 
(Allen) Wain, married John Gaskill 

From this honorable ancestry springs 

Richard Wain Meirs. He was born at 
Walnford, Monmouth county, New Jer- 
sey, July 26, 1866, son of John Gaskill 
and Elizabeth (Wain) Meirs. His early 
education was obtained at Eastburn 
Academy, Philadelphia, and Freehold 
Institute (New Jersey). He then en- 
tered Princeton University, whence he 
was graduated Bachelor of Arts, class of 
1888. He entered business life as clerk 
in the Fourth Street National Bank, 
continuing with that institution until 
1895, when he formed a connection with 
the New York house of Harvey Fisk & 
Son, remaining with them ten years. In 
1905 he was appointed to the manage- 
ment of the Weightman and Walker 
estates, becoming confidential secretary 
of the personal estate of Mr. Weight- 
man, for his daughter, Mrs. Annie M. 
Walker Penfield. His years of training 
in financial methods eminently fitted him 
for the great task he assumed, and have 
enabled him to administer the varied in- 
terests of this great estate, and so con- 
trol its different features that he has 
won an honored position in the financial 
circles of Philadelphia and New York. 
He is president and director of the Com- 
mercial Truck Company of America, the 
Penn Central Light and Power Com- 
pany, and the Utilities Corporation. He 
is a director of the Winifrede Coal Com- 
pany, the Winifrede Railroad Company, 
and the Hudson & Manhattan Railroad 

Not entirely is Mr. Meirs immersed in 
business, but avails himself of all means 
of recreation, mental and social enjoy- 
ment, possible. He is a member of the 
First Troop, Philadelphia City Cavalry; 
life member of the Historical Society of 
Pennsylvania, the Academy of Fine Arts, 
and a manager of Franklin Institute. 
His clubs are the University, Racquet, 
Princeton, Huntington Valley, Country 
and Corinthian Yacht of Philadelphia; 
the Metropolitan and Princeton of New 


York. He is a member of Holy Trinity 
Protestant Episcopal Church, and in po- 
litical preference is a Republican. 

He married, October 31, 1894, in Ger- 
mantown, Annie Walker Weightman, 
daughter of Dr. William (deceased), and 
Sabine d'Invilliers Weightman, and a 
granddaughter of William Weightman, 
the distinguished chemist, manufacturer 
and business man of Philadelphia. 
(See W'eightman.) Children: William 
Weightman, born September 18, 1895; 
Anne Walker, August 25, 1898; Jarvis, 
June 12, 1901. 

When leisure allows, Mr. Meirs finds 
rest and recreation in travel, while his 
every day delight is in art and literature. 
The family home is at No. 1724 Walnut 
street, Philadelphia. 

CARNEGIE, Andrew, 

Manufacturer, Financier, Philanthropist. 

Lives of great men possess fascinating 
interest to the student of human nature, 
and one naturally seeks to discover the 
secret source of their power to rise su- 
perior to every circumstance; or to find 
the impelling force that drives them ever 
onward and upward until they scale the 
dizziest heights, passing all competitors, 
and standing alone before the entire 
world, unequalled in the greatness of 
their achievements. Often it is the in- 
fluence of heredity, family and fortune, 
that furnishes the impulse; oftener still, 
ambition that drives men forward. Love 
of humanity and a sincere desire to be 
of benefit to their race is the motive, 
but none of these satisfactorily explain 
Mr. Carnegie's source of strength up to 
the culminating point of his business ca- 
reer. For one must not confound Mr. 
Carnegie, the business man, with Mr. 
Carnegie, the humanitarian. He was first 
of all the resistless money maker, and 
later the philanthropist, whose princely 
benefactions are the wonder of two con- 

tinents. But consider him as you will, 
the source of his power has not yet been 
revealed. Ask him the secret of his suc- 
cess as a steel master, and his reply is al- 
ready recorded: "Write as my epitaph: 
He knew how to surround himself with 
abler men than himself." Yet that is not a 
reason; that is but an example of his 
greatness in executive management. The 
world has had its great iron masters, but 
none greater than he. Great philanthro- 
pists are not rare in either Europe or 
America, but none so princely in either 
the scope or magnitude of their benefac- 
tions. In every land, in every clime, the 
name Carnegie is a familiar one, and is 
synonomous with generosity. While we 
cannot fathom the source of his great- 
ness, an approving world acknowledges 
the fact and holds him in honor and 

Andrew Carnegie was born at Dumfer- 
line, Fife, near Edinburgh, Scotland, No- 
vember 25, 1835, son of William and Mar- 
garet Morrison Carnegie. His father 
was a weaver of linen goods, in fairly 
comfortable circumstances, who gave the 
lad such advantages as the Dumferline 
schools afforded. In 1848, finding his oc- 
cupation gone, Mr. and Mrs. Carnegie 
decided, for the sake of their two boys, 
to emigrate to the United States, be- 
lieving the opportunities here more plen- 
tiful for their advancement. "They 
builded better than they knew," but the 
father did not live to see the prosperity 
of his son; his mother, however, did. The 
family settled in Pittsburgh (North Side) 
where the lad Andrew obtained work in 
a cotton mill as bobbin boy at a salary 
of one dollar and twenty cents per week, 
which amount was added to the general 
family fund. Through the kindness of 
a Colonel Anderson, who made a practice 
of loaning books to boys and working 
men, he was able to supplement the edu- 
cation received at Dumferline with a 
course of good reading. Colonel Ander- 


son also "builded better than he knew," 
for there was born in the lad's brain, as 
he realized the good he derived from the 
Colonel's kindness, a resolve that has re- 
sulted in the thousands of "Carnegie 
Libraries" all over the United States, 
Canada and Great Britain. 

At the age of thirteen years young Car- 
negie obtained a position in a factory, 
making bobbins, his duty being to attend 
the engine that furnished power to the 
mill. The work was too hard 'for a boy, 
but his efforts had pleased his employer, 
who gave him a place in his office. At the 
age of fourteen years he secured a posi- 
tion as messenger boy in the office of the 
Ohio Telegraph Company in Pittsburgh, 
at a salary of two dollars and fifty cents 
weekly. Here he quickly saw an oppor- 
tunity, and this has ever been one of the 
secrets of his success. When opportunity 
knocked, he always "rose and followed." 
He began learning telegraphy, and never 
gave up until he was an expert operator, 
able to receive messages by sound, an 
art then exceedingly rare. As an opera- 
tor he received twenty-five dollars a 
month. He attracted the attention of 
Thomas A. Scott, then superintendent 
and manager of the Pennsylvania railroad 
telegraph system, who made him his clerk 
at a salary of thirty-five dollars monthly. 
He remained with the Pennsylvania 
thirteen years, and after the election of 
Mr. Scott to the vice-presidency was ap- 
pointed superintendent of the Western, 
or Pittsburgh Division. In that position 
he introduced many improvements, in- 
cluding the block system of operating 
trains by telegraphic signals. During the 
war between the States, when Colonel 
Scott was appointed Assistant Secretary 
of War, he placed Mr. Carnegie in 
charge of military railroads and govern- 
ment telegraph lines. One of his first 
duties was to reopen telegraph commu- 
nications between Annapolis and Wash- 
ington, and after the battle of Bull Run 

he was the last official to board the train 
for Alexandria. He was equal to all de- 
mands made upon him during this period, 
and who shall say that the inspiration 
for the Great Peace Building at The 
Hague did not come to him as a result 
of his war experiences. 

It seems to have been Colonel Scott, 
later president of the Pennsylvania Rail- 
road, that first gave the lad his first 
lesson in finance. While still a clerk, an 
opportunity presented itself to purchase 
ten shares of Adams Express Company 
stock, this corporation not then having 
reached great proportions. Colonel Scott 
strongly advised the purchase, and the 
stock was bought, although it compelled 
the mother to mortgage her home to raise 
the necessary funds. This was his first 
investment. Later, he met in a business 
way, Mr. Woodruff, the inventor of the 
sleeping car bearing his name. Quick 
as ever to see an opportunity, he arranged 
a meeting between the inventor and 
Colonel Scott, which resulted in mutual 
profit, Mr. Carnegie securing money from 
the local bank to finance his share in the 
company. This was the first note he ever 
signed, and, like his venture in Adams 
Express stock, the investment was a 
profitable one. He was at this period in 
receipt of a good salary from the Penn- 
sylvania, and had acquired some capital, 
for the money earned was husbanded with 
true Scotch thrift, but held in constant 
readiness for the next turn of the wheel. 
This came during the oil excitement in 
Pennsylvania. In 1884 he interested Mr. 
William Coleman in the project of pur- 
chasing the Storey farm on Oil Creek, 
Venango county. They purchased the 
farm for $40,000, and formed a stock com- 
pany whose shares represented at one 
time a value of $5,000,000 and paid an 
annual dividend of one million. He was 
now a capitalist, and had made influential 

While with the Pennsylvania, that road 


contemplated the erection of an iron 
bridge, and here Mr. Carnegie first be- 
came interested in iron manufacture, in 
connection with the Keystone Bridge 
Company. He was farsighted enough 
(though unfamiliar with the business) to 
see the great possibilities of iron manu- 
facture, and associated himself with 
others in variou.s mills, foundries and 
furnaces in the Pittsburgh district. After 
a visit to Europe, he saw that steel would 
surely supplant iron, and on his return 
introduced the Bessemer process of mak- 
ing steel. While not an inventor of any 
of the numerous processes, he gave every 
man with an idea every encouragement, 
furnishing plant and money, and for this 
the steel world owes him a debt of grati- 
tude. As he grew in power he sur- 
rounded himself with young men who 
had proven their worth in the various 
plants of the Carnegie Steel Company, 
until he was surrounded by thirty of the 
most capable and enthusiastic men in the 
iron, steel, coke, mining or transportation 
world. But among the "thirty" his was 
the master mind by common consent. At 
the zenith of his power he was in control 
of great mills and furnaces, turning out 
millions of pounds of manufactured steel 
daily ; great coke fields and miles of 
ovens; vast ore beds in the Lake Su- 
perior region ; steamers on the Great 
Lakes, carrying ore which they delivered 
to his double tracked railroad that carried 
it to the Pittsburgh plants, four hundred 
twenty-five miles away ; great mines of 
bituminous coal in the Pittsburgh dis- 
trict were drawn upon for daily supply; 
while the men employed in the allied 
companies formed an army thoroughly 
drilled, well officered, and moved at the 
will of a master mind whom we know 
as Andrew Carnegie. Conditions in the 
industrial world had reached a crisis; a 
break had come with the Pennsylvania 
railroad, and through the southern tier 
of Pennsylvania counties eastward from 

Pittsburgh, a great railroad was being 
constructed to parallel the Pennsylvania. 
The great Carnegie interests were pro- 
tecting themselves at every point — mills 
were planned to compete in lines they had 
hitherto left to their rivals; when lo ! 
overnight as it were, arose the Linked 
States Steel Corporation, successor by 
purchase to every mill, furnace, bloomery, 
oven, mine, rail, locomotive and ship, 
hitherto owned by the many companies 
owned or controlled by Mr. Carnegie and 
his thirty partners. Peace came to the 
threatened steel industry; the Pennsyl- 
vania Southern was never completed, and 
Andrew Carnegie stepped from his proud 
position as the world's greatest iron mas- 
ter and constructive genius. The price 
paid him was fabulous; each of the 
trusted "thirty" retired, enriched many 
times beyond their wildest imaginings, 
while the great master was hundreds of 
times a millionaire. The greatest fortune 
of modern times was his, and from that 
moment began the second phase of this 
most wonderful life. Fifty-three years 
had elapsed since the penniless boy 
landed in a strange land. He was sixty- 
six years of age, and the problem now 
facing him was how to make good his 
own statement that "it is a crime for a 
man to die rich." As this article has 
made no attempt to give in detail the 
many ways in which this fortune was 
made, so there will be no attempt to give 
in detail the way it has been disposed of. 
Mr. Carnegie had given generously for 
many years, principally to institutions in 
the Pittsburgh district, a locality which 
he will always regard with love and affec- 
tion. He now began that wonderful 
career of world-wide philanthropy that 
has never been equalled, knowing no 
sect, creed or nationality, but giving 
Pittsburgh first place, the United States 
second, and then his native land. He 
has not given at random, but following 
carefully matured plans; has given al- 



most exclusively along educational lines, 
but in a manner peculiarly his own. 
Upon retiring from business the first con- 
siderable gift Mr. Carnegie made was one 
of five million dollars to his old em- 
ployees — four million dollars for pensions 
and relief, and one million dollars for the 
endowment of the three institutes, (libra- 
ries, music halls, workmen's clubs, etc), 
at Homestead, Braddock and Duquesne. 
Outside his educational giving in its 
manifold forms, his most active effort has 
been to bring about the Peace of Nations, 
and this position he firmly maintains. 

Mention is necessary of his great edu- 
cational gift to the city of Pittsburgh, 
commonly known as the "Carnegie In- 
stitute." This includes a wonderful 
building located in Schenley Park, cover- 
ing four acres, and a separate building 
near by, across a deep ravine, the home 
of the Carnegie Technical Institute. Un- 
der the roof of the larger building is a 
free library of mammoth proportions, a 
magnificent gallery, a most perfect music 
hall, with a great organ where every Sun- 
day afternoon a free organ recital is 
given ; a hall of architecture and depart- 
ment of natural history, most wonderful 
in its scope. Twenty acres of floor space 
is in use, while the most costly marbles 
and finest of decorations adorn foyer, 
halls and stairways. Over the main en- 
trance is engraved: "This Building, 
dedicated to Literature, Science and Art, 
is the gift of Andrew Carnegie to the 
People of Pittsburgh." Nowhere else 
can there be found a similar building, 
containing library, music hall and mu- 
seum, a school of technology with ca- 
pacity for three thousand students, and 
a notable school for young women. One 
would like to dwell upon the value of 
this gift to the scientific world, to the 
young man and woman seeking a techni- 
cal education ; to the student whose days 
are spent among its wonders of natural 
history, architecture and art; to the 

school children whose goal it is ; to those 
who so freely draw upon its book treas- 
ures ; and to those who every Sunday 
listen almost reverently to classic music 
drawn from the great organ by master 
hands. But this is impossible ; the cost 
in dollars and cents of his various gifts, 
including all that have been named as his 
particular gifts to Pittsburgh, is in ex- 
cess of thirty-one millions of dollars, and 
he rejoices in the gift. His total gifts to 
date exceed three hundred millions. 

Lest there be an impression that Mr. 
Carnegie, in his generosity, gives only 
enduring monuments of practical educa- 
tional value, attention must be called to 
the thousands who draw annually from 
vast pension funds in both the United 
States and Great Britain. These consti- 
tute an army in themselves, one little 
known, but wonderfully appreciative. 
One fund created by Mr. Carnegie is 
world-wide in its operation — The Hero 
Fund. This is a reward to those display- 
ing courage in emergencies, whether on 
sea or land. A fund for this purpose 
exists in Pittsburgh, embracing the 
United States and Canada, and others in 
Great Britain, France, Germany, Italy, 
Sweden, Norway, Switzerland, Holland 
and Belgium. Awards are made annually 
of medals, cash or educational privileges. 
A recent newspaper credits Mr. Carnegie 
with having achieved his purpose, and 
states that he has disposed of all of his 
fortune to a corporation which is to con- 
tinue the operation of his various gifts 
generation after generation, except such 
sums as he will distribute by last will and 
testament. Thus he will not commit the 
crime of "dying rich." 

He married, in 1887, Louise Whitefield, 
who has been in closest accord with him 
in all his plans for disposing of his for- 
tune. Their only child, Margaret, was 
born in 1897. Their time is divided be- 
tween a magnificent estate in Scotland, 
"Skibo Castle," and a pal tial residence 




^Sssrt^ ^ ^ 


on Fifth avenue, New York. Honors 
have been showered upon Mr. Carnegie; 
universities have conferred honorary de- 
grees ; France created him a knight of 
the Legion of Honor; the Sorbonne gave 
him its medal; Saint Andrews, Aberdeen, 
and Glasgow Universities elected him 
Lord Rector. lie has gained distinction 
in the literary world and upon the plat- 
form. In 1886 he published "Triumph- 
ant Democracy," which has run through 
many editions; ibis followed his "Around 
the World" (1884); in 1906 appeared his 
"Gospel of Wealth," followed by the 
"Empire of Business"; "Life of Watt," in 
1906; and "Problems of To-day," in 1909. 
He lias always supported the principles of 
the Republican party, although he 
strongly opposed the annexation of the 
Philippines, following the Spanish War. 
He has the utmost faith in the future of 
the English speaking race, in the ultimate 
abolition of war and the progress of edu- 
cation along non-sectarian lines. He is a 
brave man, indeed, who would analyze 
the character of Mr. Carnegie. He is as 
"canny a Scot" as e'er drew breath; as 
shrewd a Yankee as the sun of New Eng- 
land e'er shone upon ; as big hearted and 
happy as an Irishman; as stubborn as an 
Englishman; yet, withal, a man that, take 
him all in all, stands alone in the magni- 
tude of his achievement. Wallace Bruce, 
the Scotch-American poet, after a visit to 
the Carnegie Institute in 1896, wrote the 
following poem, presenting a copy to Mr. 
Carnegie and one to the Library: 

You have wrought a noble poem 

In your home of early years, 
Aye, a proud prophetic poem 

In the land of peerless peers. 
Cold the lines that fall and falter 

Since the bard of Colla passed 
Fruitless offerings on life's altar, 

But your work abideth fast. 
Oh! to wake the coming ages, 

Idle wish of many a seer, 
Dead the tome of weary sages, 

But your note shall linger clear. 

Hark, beneath yon swelling arches, 
Knowledge, skill and hope enchime, 

As the long procession marches 
To the grandest song of time. 

SHAW, Thomas, of Shawmont, 

Scientist, Inventor. 

If ever there was a citizen of Pennsyl- 
vania whose form might well be cast in 
deathless bronze, it is the late Thomas 
Shaw, inventor, scientist and mechanical 
engineer. There is scarcely a civilized 
country in the whole world that is not 
indebted to the genius of this man whose 
inventions cover almost every phase of 
applied mechanics, and have provided la- 
bor and life-saving devices that have been 
of incalculable value. He was the inven- 
tor of the mercury steam gauge, the 
standard of pressure of the world; the 
noiseless steam exhaust, which muffles the 
sound of escaping steam, and which is 
used universally on all locomotives and 
steamships. One of his simplest but 
most useful inventions was the Verona 
lock nut washer, commonly known as the 
spring pawl washer, in use on railroads, 
which goes between the nut and the fish 
plate for holding the rails in place, and 
to Mr. Shaw and this device humanity 
is indebted for safety in railroad travel 
all over the world. Altogether Mr. Shaw 
was granted 186 patents by the United 
States government, while there were 
many other inventions not patented, be- 
cause of his untimely death, which doubt- 
less would have made his name even 
more famous than it is. It is with pe- 
culiar interest then that we note some- 
what in detail the career of this great 

Mr. Shaw was born in Philadelphia, 
May 5, 1838, son of James and Catherine 
(Snyder) Shaw, who were of English, 
French and German descent. The 
Shaws come from a long and distin- 
guished line of Colonial ancestry closely 



associated with the settlement of the 
State of Pennsylvania and the city of 
Philadelphia. The earliest of these set- 
tled in Pennsylvania prior to 1694, 
purchasing a large tract of land in 
that year. Mr. Shaw's great-great-great 
grandfather, James Shaw, and his eight 
sons, fought in the War of the Rev- 
olution, as did also his great-great- 
great-grandfather, John Peter Michelet, 
and his great-great-grandfather, Andrew 
Snyder. Thomas Brown, another ances- 
tor, Lorn in Barking, Essex county, Eng- 
land, in 1866, who came to Pennsylvania 
in 1682 with William Penn, was one of 
the most famous preachers of that time, 
record of which is to be found in "Scharf 
and Westcott's History of Philadelphia." 
On the maternal side Mr. Shaw is de- 
scended from the celebrated Michelet 
family that dates back to the time of the 
Frankish King Choldwig, A. D. 536, when 
Michelet was treasurer to that King. A 
descendant of this Michelet was major 
domo to King Charles the Bold, and mar- 
ried Beatrice de Anjou, princess of the 
royal blood and sister to the King of 
France. This family is also renowned 
through one of its descendants, Carl Lud- 
wig Michelet, Professor of Philosophy in 
the University of Berlin ; Jules de Michel- 
et, French historian, and in America by 
John Jacob Michelet (Mickley), who 
saved the Liberty Bell from the British in 
1777. It is believed that Mr. Shaw in- 
herited his philosophical turn of mind 
from this family, but more directly from 
his mother, who was a woman possessed 
of inventive genius and of much firmness 
of character. In her home were many 
original devices invented and made by 

The boyhood of Mr. Shaw was quite 
eventful. To begin with, his father had 
invested in coal lands, and the venture 
proved a failure, and it was to his strug- 
gles during this period that Mr. Shaw 
attributed his great success in after life. 

The courage and ingenuity of his mother 
appealed strongly to the manliness in the 
boy, and he helped her all that lay in his 
power. Mr. Shaw was not proud of his 
school record. He was repeatedly a run- 
away from school, declaring that he found 
it impossible to study when the teacher 
wanted him to, and, strange as it may 
seem he was frequently found in his home 
poring over his school books and trying 
to solve problems in higher mathematics 
in his own way. He knew no such word 
as fail, he said, and when he could not 
solve a thing himself, his mother's inge- 
nuity always found a way. He was often 
seen at midnight studying from the very 
books that he had rejected at school. So 
successful was Mr. Shaw in thus laying 
the foundation for his great mental 
achievements in after life, that he became 
strongly opposed to the public school sys- 
tems that disregard the individuality of 
the child and force all children to pass 
through the same system of training. 
Thus his mother did not force him to at- 
tend a school and submit to a system 
which was distasteful to him, but devoted 
her own splendid efforts to developing 
the ingenuity and inventive tendencies of 
her son, which were evident as a boy, and 
he tenderly provided for her up to the day 
of her death in 1876. 

As early as eight years of age Mr. Shaw 
displayed a decided mechanical genius. 
He made a number of beautiful models of 
various kinds. At the age of ten. with 
the aid of his mother, he built a retort 
in the cellar of his home for melting old 
glass bottles. From the molten glass he 
made many useful and pretty objects. At 
the age of twelve he invented and con- 
structed his first complete machine, for 
holding and unwinding hanks of wool. It 
was operated by a treadle and so con- 
structed that it measured off each yard 
of wool as it was being used. The ma- 
chine was especially constructed to re- 
lieve the boy of the necessity for holding 


the yarn, Which his mother preferred to 
have him do to the exclusion of the other 
children, and often when he wanted to 
play he was busy holding the wool for his 
mother. Mr. Shaw said that the supreme 
moment of his life was when he peeped in 
at the window and saw his mother con- 
tentedly seated before the machine which 
was reeling off yarn with perfect regu- 
larity. At fifteen years of age he wrote 
an article on bridge construction that was 
published in a mechanical paper of that 
period. Mr. Shaw stated in after life he 
discovered no way of improving upon that 
plan of- building bridges. While still a 
boy he astonished the staid Quaker rela- 
tives by his philosophy, knowledge and 
wit, and they shook their heads gravely 
over the boy, advising the mother to de- 
vote special care to the shaping of his 
character. lie associated with boys and 
men much older than himself. Men liked 
his company because of his originality 
and because of his value to them in re- 
pairing broken looms, machinery, etc. 
Mr. Shaw's first patent was on a gas me- 
ter and it was issued to him when still in 
his nineteenth year. The invention was 
made when he was but 17 years old, but 
owing to his inexperience and lack of 
funds it was impossible to secure his pat- 
ent earlier. He claimed to be the first in- 
ventor of the rotary shears, but was pre- 
vented from doing anything with it by a 
fatherly old neighbor, who discouraged 
him but who sold the idea for a round sum 
himself. He was continually surrounded 
by crafty individuals wdio endeavored to 
rob him of his ideas for their own profit, 
and this made him determined to trust 
the work of a new invention to no one 
outside his own family. His wife did this 
work for him until his daughter, Cora, 
now Mrs. Joseph Robert Wilson, relieved 
her mother of the labor at the early age 
of fourteen. In this way Mr. Shaw was 
relieved of much of the unnecessary labor 
of preparing the specifications ami felt no 

anxiety of his ideas being conveyed to the 
outside world before the patent was ob- 
tained. Mr. Shaw was superintendent of 
the Midvale Steel Works from its incep- 
tion. These Works, at first called the 
Butcher Steel Works, were founded in 
1867 and reorganized in 1871 by J. How- 
ard Mitchell and Philip S. Justice, as the 
Midvale plant. Mr. Shaw was associated 
with these men in the manufacture of his 
own inventions, but later on went into 
business for himself. His inventive geni- 
us and skill, however, were relied upon to 
introduce many innovations in the Butch- 
er Steel Plant. He was placed in charge 
of the Works that produced steel tires of 
a quality equal to those manufactured in 
England, and as all tires used in America 
at that time were imported he had the 
honor of turning out the first steel tires 
rolled in this country. The Butcher Steel 
Works produced much of the material for 
the Eads bridge constructed over the 
Mississippi at St. Louis. Mr. Shaw was 
in charge of this work, which resulted in 
a close friendship between the inventor 
and Captain Eads. This relation was 
most confidential and he stood in this ca- 
pacity to a large number of noted men, 
notably William Weightman, Franklin P.. 
Gowan and Chief Engineer W. W. Wood, 
of the United States Navy. 

By many his work has been regarded 
as the result of inspiration. When in- 
venting, it was his habit to lock himself 
in his laboratory at his home, where he 
could be seen sitting motionless perhaps 
for hours, when, as if upon the instant the 
problem was solved, he rapidly sketched 
out his plan of invention, rarely, if ever, 
making any mechanical changes after- 
ward. His daughter, who was his de- 
voted companion for years and spent a 
great deal of her time in the laboratory 
with her father, attests to this fact, that 
if interrupted during this period of deep 
thought, he was so disturbed that he 
would put the work away from him, man- 


ifesting great anger at the interruption. 
Mr. Shaw was always engaged in serious 
work. His mother said that there seemed 
to be very little time as a boy when he 
played. He had little time for playthings 
and used only the tools that men work 
with. He seemed to understand in some 
mysterious way in early life the great 
power of dynamic forces and the chemis- 
try of things that surrounded him. 

His business was established in i860 
as inventor, manufacturer of tools, ma- 
chinery, engineers' special appliances, 
steam and hydraulic machinery, United 
States standard mercury pressure gauges, 
noise quieting nozzles, steam mufflers for 
locomotives, steamships, cotton presses, 
etc., hydraulic and friction buffers, gov- 
ernors for pumping engines, etc. Mr. 
Shaw's business was made up entirely of 
his own inventions, and many of his de- 
vices were adopted by the different gov- 
ernments of the world and by the United 
States and State governments as official 
standards. Mr. Shaw was also the inven- 
tor of gunpowder test gauges that tested 
up to 50,000 pounds pressure to the square 
inch. A magnificent gauge of this type 
is in use by the Krupp Works, and has 
been largely used by other powder and 
gun manufacturing concerns. One of the 
most novel of Mr. Shaw's inventions 
which displayed his ingenuity was the 
gunpowder pile driver. The originality 
of this device consisted in the harnessing 
of gunpowder for peaceful and practical 
engineering purposes and was the first 
of its kind in the world. This invention 
aroused great interest among engineers 
and met with instant and pronounced suc- 
cess, working with marked economy and 
giving high efficiency. By the aid of this 
pile driver a pile forty feet in length and 
14 inches in diameter was forced its en- 
tire length into the firm ground in one 
minute of time, and without any injury to 
the timber and without any banding on 
the head of the pole before driving. 

Crowds of engineers and men interested 
in public work came to see this truly mar- 
velous invention. With it Mr. Shaw did 
most of the government pile-driving work 
at the United States Naval Station at 
League Island. A committee of eminent 
engineers, duly appointed for the purpose 
of making a report on the Shaw gunpow- 
der pile driver, pronounced this novel ap- 
plication of gunpowder to be an un- 
equaled success for the purpose of driv- 
ing piles. This was signed by W. W. 
Wood, Chief Engineer of the United 
States Navy, and by other eminent engi- 
neers. The pile driver was exhibited at 
the Fair of the American Institute in New 
York in November of 1870, and it was 
pronounced to be an invention entirely 
new to science and mechanics and was 
awarded a medal of honor. The Frank- 
lin Institute of the City of Philadelphia 
awarded the Scott Legacy Medal for this 
invention. It was also awarded a medal 
at the International Centennial Exposi- 
tion of 1876. The Shaw compound pro- 
pellor pump was one of the most impor- 
tant of his inventions, coming as it did 
at a time when pumping machinery was 
totally inadequate to the demands made 
upon it. This pump excited great inter- 
est when exhibited in New York, dis- 
charging, as it did, 12,000 gallons per 
minute. This pump was pressed into 
service in St. Louis during a heavy flood, 
winning great fame for itself by the rapid 
manner in which it pumped out shafts, 
etc. It was frequently used in mines 
where flooding occurred. 

Mr. Shaw regarded his method of low- 
ering boats at sea and releasing them as 
among the most valuable of his life-sav- 
ing devices. 

On February 21, 1877, the committee 
of Science and Arts of the Franklin In- 
stitute made a report on "Shaw's Spiral 
Exhaust Nozzle," and stated "in our 
opinion, Mr. Shaw has done a great serv- 
ice to the country, and particularly to the 


transportation interests, in overcoming 
the obnoxious and dangerous feature in 
the use of steam," and they recommended 
the award to Mr. Shaw of the Scott Leg- 
acy Premium and Medal for his "Spiral 
Exhaust Nozzle." This nozzle was en- 
dorsed and its use recommended by the 
Board of Supervising Inspectors of Steam 
Vessels, by owners and captains of boats, 
engineers in the navy and the boats of the 
American Line of steamships. Since that 
time this invention has come into world- 
wide use. This invention alone should 
have brought millions to Mr. Shaw, but 
he died a poor man, having spent his 
enormous fortune in the development of 
his many and varied inventions. Mr. 
Shaw considered that the United States 
government was not paternal enough in 
protecting its inventors by lengthening 
the life of a patent. He stated that the 
least cost at which an invention of any 
magnitude could be brought out and in- 
troduced was $10,000, and he frequently 
spent in experiments and the development 
of an invention from $100,000 to $150,000, 
and in point of time he stated that ten 
years at least is required to bring an in- 
vention before the public to a point where 
it becomes remunerative and thereafter 
remains only seven years to regain what 
had been spent in developments and to 
enjoy a profit. The writer of a novel is 
protected by the government for forty 
years, but the inventor of a life-saving 
device or a machine that is of inestimable 
commercial value to the world at large 
is allowed only seventeen years in which 
to reimburse himself for moneys expend- 
ed and to reap a profit from hard labor. 
This, stated Mr. Shaw, is the reason why 
inventors die poor. Were Mr. Shaw liv- 
ing today he could make the proud boast 
that there is not a shop, steamboat or 
railroad in the world that does not in 
some way or another use one of his in- 
ventions or improvements in some capaci- 
ty, and yet Mr. Shaw, after spending the 

greater portion of his life in giving to 
the world devices that immeasurably add- 
ed to the safety and comfort of the public, 
died a poor man, and in a great measure 
his ill health was due in the latter days 
of his life to the disappointment he felt 
in his failure to convince the government 
that this great injustice to the inventors, 
who had helped to make this nation com- 
mercially what it was, needed remedying. 
Mr. Shaw's early business career was not 
carried on under the fostering care of 
wealth, influence or position. It was 
started at the bottom rung of the ladder, 
after his father's failure in the coal min- 
ing business, and he had to climb the lad- 
der unassisted, save only by the splendid 
courage of his mother. Mr. Shaw's pro- 
fessional services, when he was finally es- 
tablished, were in such demand that his 
office door was kept locked and rarely 
could anyone be admitted. He was fin- 
ally obliged, in order to protect himself, 
to charge a professional fee of $500 per 
hour. This was to eliminate that class 
of men who brought uncompleted inven- 
tions to him to have them perfected at no 
cost to themselves and at great loss to 
Mr. Shaw in time and energy. Many a 
struggling mechanic, however, in whom 
Mr. Shaw recognized genius, was placed 
upon his feet, educated and trained by 
Mr. Shaw, and it was his proud boast 
that not a few machine shops in the city 
of Philadelphia were founded and run by 
men trained by himself. His apprentices 
were always in great demand and with 
but very few exceptions turned out to be 
successful engineers and practical busi- 
ness men. 

Perhaps the most remarkable of all Mr. 
Shaw's inventions was his device for de- 
tecting the presence of noxious gases in 
mines. In 1890 the Ohio Institute of 
Mining Engineers invited Mr. Shaw to 
present to them this system of detecting, 
measuring and removing dangerous and 
poisonous gases in mines, as they wished 


to examine the invention, the first of its 
kind in the history of mining engineering 
to subject gases to instrumental control. 
A delegation of the United Mine Work- 
ers of America who were present and 
lieard Mr. Shaw's lecture on his wholly 
new and practical method of preventing 
explosions in mines, assembled the fol- 
lowing day in convention and passed 
resolutions endorsing the appliance and 
recommended its introduction and use in 
all mines. Mr. Shaw was the first man 
in the world to invent and construct a 
machine that reveals the line of demar- 
qation between the ignitable line and the 
non-ignitable line of gases and he deter- 
mined this to within the one-thousandth 
part of one per cent. A new difficulty 
arose here in the construction of the gas- 
guns, for the bore had to be accurately 
constructed, and, no machine for that 
purpose being in existence, it became 
necessary for Mr. Shaw to construct ma- 
chinery to build these gas-testing de- 
vices, so that every machine would 
measure just as exactly as another. The 
enormous cost of these experiments with 
machinery cannot be estimated. It was 
this latest invention of Mr. Shaw's that 
was the prime cause of his nervous 
breakdown. The scales of the percent- 
age of gases were marked upon a gradu- 
ated scale beam or bar, and Mr. Shaw 
was the first man in the world to have 
created such a graduated scale for ex- 
plosive gases. This device was adopted 
as the official standard of the States 
of Pennsylvania and Ohio. Mr. Shaw 
was awarded the two highest medals 
granted by the Franklin Institute of Phil- 
adelphia; one an Elliott Crescent Gold 
Medal and two Scott Legacy Medals. 

To do justice to all of Mr. Shaw's in- 
ventions would require volumes, but we 
mention a few more that show particu- 
larly the originality of the man. His Hy- 
draulic Pipe Machine, with a capacity of 
60 tons in 24 hours, was said to be the 

largest clay pipe-making machinery in the 
world. In 1865 he invented a machine 
for grinding faucets, the first of its kind 
in the world. He was the first man to do 
away with slotting in semi-elliptic car 
springs, which are used throughout the 
world to-day. His mode of shotting met- 
als, applicable to molten iron for the pur- 
pose of sub-division to enable proper mix- 
tures of steel, was of such importance 
that it was kept as far as possible a se- 
cret. Mr. Shaw perfected this mode 
while superintendent of the Butcher 
Steel Works, and it was this invention 
that furnished the Messrs. Tilghman 
with the first iron shot used for cutting 
stone. His cast chain of 1867 was the 
first of this class of inventions. Mr. 
Shaw stands alone as being the first man 
in the world who harnessed gunpowder 
to machinery for other than warlike pur- 
suits. He was regarded as a great 
authority on patent law and was a mem- 
ber of the United States Congress of In- 
ventors and Manufacturers. 

The city of Philadelphia honored Mr. 
Shaw by naming one of its suburbs, 
Shawmont, after him, and one of its large 
avenues running from the Schuylkill river 
to Wissahickon creek. 

Mr. Shaw married Matilda Miller Gar- 
ber, a descendant of Benedict Garber, one 
of the earliest settlers of Collegeville, 
Pennsylvania. They had three daugh- 
ters, one of whom is still living, Mrs. 
Joseph R. Wilson, 6015 Overbrook 
avenue, Overbrook, Philadelphia. This 
daughter was selected by Mr. Shaw to 
be his son, as he stated that all his boys 
were girls. The confidential nature of 
his business required that he turn one of 
his girls into a boy, and he undertook 
personally the special training of this 
daughter to intrust her with the confi- 
dential work relating to his inventions, 
and it is largely due to Mrs. Wilson's 
intimate knowledge of Mr. Shaw's pri- 
vate life that this sketch is written. 

^U a . jfl, <%?^lA*SZC 


Joseph R. Wilson, the son-in-law of 
Mr. Shaw, and now a prominent member 
of the Philadelphia bar, was closely asso- 
ciated with him in his scientific work 
during the last ten years of his life. Ill 
health and disease so preyed upon Mr. 
Shaw's mind and body that he was un- 
able to attend properly to his affairs. One 
of Mr. Shaw's most valuable inventions, 
intended to warn ships at sea of the ap- 
proach of other vessels within all points 
of the compass, was never perfected ow- 
ing to his physical inability to stand the 
menial strain of inventing and creating 
new work'. Mrs?. Wilson recalls with sor- 
row the day when her father confessed to 
her in trembling voice and with tears run- 
ning down his cheeks that his strength 
had left him forever and that he never 
again expected to create a new work. 

Mr. Shaw was distinctly proud of the 
fact that he was an American by right 
of birth, and his patriotism and devotion 
to his country made him refuse all offers 
to accept government positions abroad. 
One came in 1X70 from France, during the 
time of Napoleon III., offering him high 
office in connection with government en- 
gineering work. Later in life, through 
Captain Schymetzkin of the Russian 
Navy, he was offered the position of Min- 
istet of Railways to the Russian govern- 
ment, if he would leave America and be- 
come a citizen of Russia. Similar offers 
came from Japan and England, where his 
engineering skill and inventive genius 
were held in high esteem. Through a 
representative of the King of Sweden an 
official offer was made by that govern- 
ment to secure his services. He was of- 
fered a handsome fee by a committee 
duly appointed if he would solve the 
problem of the black fogs of London and 
abate the nuisance. Mr. Shaw never felt 
that he could deny himself the joy of be- 
ing an American, and nothing could 
tempt him to leave his native land. Pie 
was proud to be known as a citizen of 

the United States, and no man ever loved 
his country with more patriotism or de- 
votion than Mr. Shaw. 

Mr. Shaw died January 19, 1901, in his 
sixty-third year. 

MACBETH, George Alexander, 

Manufacturer, Scientist. 

Not to every pioneer is it given to 
obtain in his chosen field of endeavor the 
rewards of wealth and honor, but to 
George Alexander Macbeth, of Pitts- 
burgh, first manufacturer of optical glass 
in the United States, has been vouch- 
safed this rare good fortune and peculiar 
distinction. On his father's side Mr. 
Macbeth is a representative of one of the 
most renowned of the old Scottish fam- 
ilies, while through his mother he is of 
French lineage, his ancestors having 
been of the number of those heroic Hu- 
guenots who preferred exile to apostasy. 
The ancient name of Macbeth is also 
spelled Mackbeathe, MacBeth and Mc- 
Beth. Some of the family who embraced 
the doctrines of John Knox were driven 
by religious persecution from their own 
country and fled, as did so many of their 
compatriots, to the north of Ireland. 
Alexander Macbeth, a descendant of one 
of these refugees, was born in county 
Antrim, Ireland, and married Mrs. Nancy 
Hambleton, whose first husband had been 
accidentally drowned. Subsequently 
Alexander Macbeth emigrated to the 
province of Pennsylvania, prior to the 
French and Indian war. He was accom- 
panied by his two brothers, Andrew and 
John. Andrew Macbeth, who was great- 
grandfather of George Alexander Mac- 
beth, of Pittsburgh, married Mrs. Ann 
Fleming, by whom he became the father 
of one son, Alexander, mentioned below. 
Alexander, only child of Andrew and 
Ann (Fleming) Macbeth, was born in 
1762, in Cumberland county, Pennsyl- 
vania, and was in his early manhood 


colonel of a body of Pennsylvania troops. 
In 1806 he visited Ohio, purchasing prop- 
erty in Champaign county, where he was 
one of the pioneers. He built the first 
brick house in the county, and took across 
the mountains the first carriage with 
springs. That he occupied a high place 
in the esteem and confidence of his neigh- 
bors is proved by the fact that he was 
twice elected to represent them in the 
Ohio legislature, serving his first term 
when that body convened at Chillicothe, 
and his second when it met at Zanesville. 
Mr. Macbeth married, July 8, 1790, 
Rachel Whitehill, whose ancestral record 
is appended to this sketch, and their chil- 
dren were: Andrew, born April 18, 1791, 
died in June, 1863; Mary, born October 
11, 1792, died July 11, 1871 ; Elizabeth, 
born February 14, 1794, died February 
14, 1852; Robert W., born September 21, 
1795, died February 4, 1857; Eleanor, 
born June 19, 1797, died in January, 1865 ; 
Rachel, born July 15, 1799, died in early 
life; Alexander, born April 17, 1801 ; Ann 
Maria, born January 22, 1803, died May 
30, 1869; and James Reed, mentioned be- 

The manner of Mr. Macbeth's death 
was singularly in keeping with the tenor 
of his whole life. Beginning as a soldier 
and in early middle age becoming a 
pioneer, his last action of importance was 
one in which he took the initiative. He 
was the first man to take a large cargo 
of grain and whiskey down the Auglaize 
and Maumee rivers to Black Rock, near 
Buffalo, where he disposed of it, reload- 
ing his boat with salt. On the return 
trip he contracted a disease that proved 
fatal, and the salt did not reach its des- 
tination until the following winter, when 
its sale brought from seventeen to eigh- 
teen dollars a barrel. Mrs. Macbeth sur- 
vived her husband a number of years, her 
death occurring February 13, 1846. 

James Reed, youngest child of Alexan- 
der and Rachel (Whitehill) Macbeth, 

was born March 6, 1805, in Carlisle, 
Pennsylvania, where he grew to man- 
hood. He studied law under the precep- 
torship of his uncle, James Whitehill, but 
afterward became a merchant in Ohio. 
He married, November 15, 1832, Rev. 
Leroy Woods officiating, Frances A. Bay- 
ard, whose ancestral record is appended 
to this sketch, and they became the par- 
ents of the following children: Charles 
Edgar, Helen, Anna Rachel, James Bay- 
ard; George Alexander, mentioned below; 
and Sarah Frances. James Reed Macbeth 
died August 29, 1882. 

George Alexander, son of James Reed 
and Frances A. (Bayard) Macbeth, was 
born October 29, 1845, in Urbana, Ohio, 
where he received his education and 
passed his childhood and early youth. 
His business career began in 1862, when 
he went to Springfield, Ohio, where for 
the following six years he was employed 
as clerk in a retail drug store. In 1868 
he came to Pittsburgh, and for the next 
three years was engaged in the wholesale 
drug business in this city. It was in 1872 
that Mr. Macbeth first associated himself 
with the glass business, becoming in that 
year a travelling salesman. It was not 
long before his enterprising spirit inspired 
him to independent effort, and he en- 
gaged in the manufacture of glass, under- 
taking in 1877 that branch of the indus- 
try with which his name will ever be 
inseparably associated — the making of 
optical glass. Into this venture he threw 
his whole soul, devoting himself to it 
with all the intense application and con- 
centrated energy of which he was cap- 
able, which, as all who know Mr. Mac- 
beth are aware, is saying a great deal. 
The success which rewarded his efforts 
was exceptional in that it was immediate, 
his early achievements meeting with as 
much favor from the public as his later. 
In 1893 he exhibited at the World's Fair 
in Chicago the first specimens of Ameri- 
can-made optical glass, receiving a prize, 


a medal and a diploma. At this fair he 
was alternate commissioner, receiving his 
appointment from Governor Patterson. 
Mr. Macbeth's large plant is justly re- 
garded as one of the industrial glories of 
Pittsburgh. Extensive in proportions and 
perfect in equipment, its products have a 
world-wide reputation for unsurpassed 
excellence, and since 1880 have manu- 
factured more lamp chimneys than any 
other manufactory in the world, and 
their finest grades are sold all over he 

Mr. Macbeth was the first American 
manufacturer to undertake the manufac- 
ture of lighthouse lenses and illuminating 
apparatus for lighthouses and for coast 
service, and his firm has successfully 
competed with foreign manufacturers 
and secured many government contracts. 
They are the first American manufac- 
turers to light the Ambrose channel at 
New York harbor, one of the greatest 
harbors of the world. In the realm of 
illumination they are experts, and are pre- 
pared to handle any contract for illumina- 
tion scientifically and expertly— from illu- 
minating a house to seaport harbor 
work. Their factory at Charleroi, Penn- 
sylvania, is devoted to the manufacture 
of illuminating glass entirely, the factory 
having twelve acres under roof and em- 
ploying 1400 people. Other factories are 
at Toledo, Ohio; Elwood and Marion, 
Indiana, altogether employing 4000 peo- 
ple in their factories. 

In politics Mr. Macbeth is an indepen- 
dent, and although he has been all his 
life too busy a man to take any active 
part in public affairs, no one takes a more 
earnest interest in everything pertaining 
to the welfare of the great city in the 
business world of which he wields so 
commanding an influence. He has in all 
his endeavors for progress and improve- 
ment stood forth as an able exponent of 
the spirit of the age, making wise use 
of his opportunities and wealth, and con- 

forming his life to a high standard. He 
is a member of the Pittsburgh Club; 
Rowfant Club of Cleveland, Ohio; Gro- 
lier Club of New York, National Arts 
Club of New York, Transportation Club 
of New York, Reform Club of New York ; 
and of the Engineers' Society of Western 
Pennsylvania. Mr. Macbeth is a director 
of the Carnegie Institute, being a life 
member in the original board of trustees. 
He has been chairman of the library com- 
mittee of the Carnegie Institute since its 
foundation. In religious belief Mr. Mac- 
beth is a Swedenborgian. 

June 1, 1880, Mr. Macbeth married Miss 
Kate Vodges Duff, daughter of George 
Duff, of Pittsburgh, of the old Pittsburgh 
family of this name, and a prominent 
dealer in wholesale hardware. Children : 
Anna Vodges Macbeth, married, June, 
1912, Judge Robert von Moschzisker, 
Judge of the Supreme Court of Pennsyl- 
vania; Helen Whitehill Macbeth, mar- 
ried W. B. Boggess, M. D., of Pittsburgh ; 
George Duff Macbeth, student at Yale 
(Sheffield Scientific, class '13). 

A man of action rather than words, Mr. 
Macbeth has demonstrated his public 
spirit by actual achievement which 
has advanced incalculably the pros- 
perity of the community. To the tra- 
ditions of good citizenship and hon- 
orable public service which have for gen- 
erations been associated with the name 
of Macbeth he has added the record of 
a manufacturer who has acquired an in- 
ternational reputation by causing indus- 
try to go hand in hand with science. 
(The Whitehill Line). 

James Whitehill, grandfather of Mrs. 
Rachel (Whitehill) Macbeth, was born 
in 1700, and was twice married. His first 
wife died young, leaving a son James, 
who was born January 1, 1725, married, 
in June, 1751, and died December 25, 
1757. The second wife of James White- 
hill was Rachel Craswell, of Lancaster 



county, by whom he became the father 
of the following children: John, born 
December i, 1729, married, August 13, 
1 755, Nancy Sanderson; Jane, born June 
25, 1731, died in March, 1740; Elizabeth, 
horn July 1, 1733, married, April 1, 1752, 
Colonel James Moore; Robert, mentioned 
below; Sarah, born January 19, 1737, 
married, March 15, 1760, George Stewart, 
and died May 12, 1778; Rachel, born June 
15, 1739, married, June 15, 1772, Thomas 
Irwin, and died May 5, 1812; Margaret, 
born July 1, 1741, married, January 1, 
1765, Robert Craig, and died February 
14, 1777; David, born May 24, 1743, mar- 
ried, April 8, 1770, Rachel Clemson ; and 
Joseph, mentioned below. James White- 
hill, the father of these sons and daugh- 
ters, died February 2, 1766, at Pequea, 
Lancaster county. 

Robert, fourth child and second son of 
James and Rachel (Craswell) Whitehill, 
was born July 24, 1735, and married, Feb- 
ruary 1, 1759, Eleanor, daughter of Adam 
and Mary Reed. Their children were: 
Adam, born February 27, 1760, died 
April 25, 1780; Mary, born February 1, 
1762, died in September, 1778; Rachel, 
mentioned below; James, born in 1766, 
died May 12, 1832; Robert, mentioned 
below; Elizabeth, born March 6, 1770, 
married Richard M. Crain ; Eleanor, born 
February 9 , 1773, died November 28, 
1818; and John, born April 10, 1775, died 
November 30, 1816. Robert Whitehill, 
the father, died April 8, 1813, in Cumber- 
land county. 

Joseph, youngest child of James and 
Rachel (Craswell) Whitehill, was born 
August 2, 1746, and settled near Lebanon, 
Warren county, Ohio, becoming conspic- 
uous as a politician ami for some years 
serving as treasurer of Ohio. He mar- 
ried, May 20, 1780, Mary Kennedy, and 
their children were: James, born April 
21, 1781, died January 18, 1810; Jane, 
born June II, 1783, died February 15, 
1865; Rachel, born February 15, 1785, 

married Dr. Morris, of Lebanon, Ohio, 
and died April 27, 1856; Joseph, born 
December 30, 1786, died November 4, 
1861 ; Mary, born October 19, 1788, mar- 
ried, February 6, 1817, Thomas Smith, 
and died August 28, 1849; Hannah, born 
November 28, 1790, successively married 

Freeman and Judge Thomas 

Smith, and died November 25, 1866; Su- 
sannah, born October 25, 1792, married, 
December 25, 1817, M. Tate, and died 
January 15, 1873; Thomas, born Novem- 
ber 2, 1794, died July 18, 1816; Rebecca, 
born October 21, 1796, married succes- 
sively Cowan and Nathan Fiske, 

and died April 13, 1838; and Julia Ann, 
born June 25, 1801, died in January, 1813. 
Joseph Whitehill, the father of this fam- 
ily, died March 25, 1808. 

Rachel, daughter of Robert and Elea- 
nor (Reed) Whitehill, was born May 6, 
1764, and became the wife of Alexander 
Macbeth, as mentioned above. 

Robert, son of Robert and Eleanor 
(Reed) Whitehill, was born September 13, 
1768, and studied law with Edmund Ran- 
dolph, of Philadelphia. A highly cul- 
tured man, he enjoyed the close friend- 
ship of many distinguished people, not- 
ably that of General Lafayette, with 
whom he travelled during his tour of the 
L'nited States; and he was groomsman 
at the wedding of two of the daughters 
of Thomas Jefferson. Robert Whitehill 
died August 27, 1829. 

(The Bayard Line). 

The original patronymic of this ancient 
and noble family was du Terrall, a name 
rendered illustrious by the celebrated 
knight Pierre du Terrall, Seigneur de 
Bayard. He died unmarried, April 30, 
1524, aged forty-eight. Subsequently the 
family took the name of Bayard, derived 
from their chateau in Dauphiny, about 
six miles from Grenoble. The province 
was largely Huguenot, and among those 
who embraced "the religion" were the 






Bayards. During the persecutions of the 
sixteenth century some members of the 
family fled to Holland, where one of them 
married Anna Stuyvesant, a sister of 
Peter Stuyvesant, the first Dutch gov- 
ernor of New York, then New Amster- 
dam. When he came to take possession 
of his province, in 1647, his sister, then 
a widow, accompanied him with her chil- 
dren. Thus was planted on the shores 
of the New World a race in whose veins 
flowed the blood of the du Terralls and 
Stuyvesants, of the good knight "with- 
out fear and without reproach," and of 
the valiant soldier-governor of the prov- 
ince of New Netherlands. Petrus, son of 
and Anna (Stuyvesant) Bayard be- 
came the possessor of property on Bohe- 
mia Manor. Samuel, sou of Petrus Bay- 
ard, inherited the property and married 
Susanna Bouchelle. Samuel, son of Sam- 
uel and Susanna (Bouchelle) Bayard, 
married Francina Mauldan, and they be- 
came the parents of a large family. Peter, 
son of Samuel and Francina (Mauldan) 
Bayard, was born June 16, 1732, married, 
and became the father of several children. 
Samuel, son of Peter Bayard, was born 
February 20, 1763, married Elizabeth 
Woods, and died May 8, 1S14. Frances 
A., daughter of Samuel and Elizabeth 
(Woods) Bayard, became the wife of 
James Reed Macbeth, as mentioned 

COTTINGHAM, William White, 

Distinguished Educator. 

Professor William White Cottingham, 
whose death occurred March 1, 1913, was 
for sixty years superintendent of the pub- 
lic schools of Easton, a record unparal- 
leled b) that 1 if any other public school 
superintendent of the country. He was 
the author ami founder of the present 
school system of his city, and in the 89th 
year of his age was still at the head of 
the institution. It is interesting to note 

that from the beginning of this long and 
useful service, to the time of his death, 
he never asked nor sought for the posi- 
tion to which he was called. 

He was born in Easton, December 6, 
1824. He was a descendant of Jonathan 
and Margaret Cottingham, whose son 
Daniel, born December 5, 1724, was mar- 
ried, January 24, 1753, to Ann Cooper; he 
died January 2j, 1778, and his wife Sep- 
tember 29, 1789. They had a son John, 
born June 14, 1754, died January 6, 1829, 
married Priscilla Fleming, April 15, 1787; 
she was born in Fairfax county, Virginia, 
July 29, 1760, and died May 16, 1827, a 
daughter of William and Sarah (Cox) 
Fleming. Her father was a descendant 
of Colonel John Fleming. 

Robert Cottingham, father of Professor 
Cottingham, was born in Maryland, Sep- 
tember 10, 1799, and died June 28, 1880. 
About 1820 he arrived in Easton, Penn- 
sylvania, where he became a drygoods 
merchant, continuing in that business 
until his death. He married Miss Sophia 
White, a daughter of William and Susan 
(Everhart) White. The White family is 
of English lineage. The grandfather of 
Mrs. Cottingham bore the name of Wil- 
liam White, and married Martha Matilda 
Mason, of Oxford, New Jersey. Their 
son, William White Jr., wedded Susan 
Everhart, a daughter of John Arnold 
Everhart, who in 1757 married Anna 
Margaret Weaver, born in 1740, and died 
in 1824. Her parents were Frederick and 
Catherine Weaver. 

Professor William W. Cottingham was 
the second in a family of nine children. 
His boyhood days were spent in his na- 
tive city, and he began his education in 
a private school conducted by Miss Ger- 
trude Kemper, on Northampton street, 
Easton. He afterward attended a school 
conducted by Mrs. Prior, in a frame 
building nearly opposite the present loca- 
tion of the high school of Easton, on 
Second street. In 1834, the law regarding 


public schools went into effect, and Mr. 
Cottingham became one of the first pupils 
in the first public school of Easton, con- 
ducted by Josiah Davis. He afterward 
also attended a select school taught by 
Mr. Davis, and later became a student 
under Dr. Vanderveer, prior to entering 
upon business life. On putting aside his 
textbooks he became an able assistant to 
his father in the store, but two years' 
experience in that direction convinced 
him that his talent did not lie along that 
line. Leaving the store, he entered the 
Model School of Lafayette College, then 
under the direction of Professor D. P. 
Yeomans, there preparing for college. 
Matriculating in Lafayette College, he 
pursued a four years' course, and was 
graduated in 1848 with the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts. Later his alma mater 
conferred upon him the degree of Master 
of Arts. The board of trustees of Lafay- 
ette College elected him a tutor in that 
institution immediately after his gradua- 
tion, and he served in that capacity for 
a year, but, anxious to prepare himself for 
still more advanced labor in the educa- 
tional field, he entered Princeton Semin- 
ary. After two years spent as a student 
there, he was invited to take charge of 
the academy at Haddonfield, New Jersey, 
in which the classics and higher mathe- 
matics were taught. While he was serv- 
ing there, the board of trustees of Lafay- 
ette College recalled him to a tutorship 
in that institution, when he returned to 
his former field of labor. The financial 
standing of Lafayette College was not 
then very good, and the salaries were 
accordingly small, and Professor Cotting- 
ham, feeling that he might have better 
opportunities elsewhere, resigned his 
position. He was instrumental in pro- 
curing the union of Lafayette College 
and the high school. Several months 
later he was requested to take charge of 
a school in South Easton until a perma- 
nent teacher could be secured. Mr. Cot- 

tingham complied, and no other teacher 
was employed before the end of the term. 
During his residence there he became in- 
terested in the work of teaching the canal 
boys, and he resolved to devote his time 
to that service. For sixty years he has 
been continuously connected with Easton 
schools. In August, 1853, he was elected 
to the office of principal of the High 
School of Easton, and in August of the 
same year he became the successor of 
Mr. St. John as superintendent of the 
public schools of the city. His efforts 
have since been untiring and unremitting 
in behalf of the educational development 
of Easton. 

At the time of his election to the super- 
intendency, the free school project was 
comparatively new — still an experiment. 
In 1843, Rev. John P. Hecht was ap- 
pointed superintendent, who devoted his 
time and talents to the work most faith- 
fully. He was followed in 1849 by Rev. 
Oliver St. John, who for the first time 
received a fixed salary, still having, how- 
ever, the South Easton schools under his 
administration. He labored hard and in- 
cessantly until 1853. While the schools 
were then far in advance of anything yet 
expected in the district, says the report 
of the State Superintendent of Public 
Schools, "They failed to secure either 
sympathy or encouragement from the 
many prominent and influential citizens 
of the town. This was owing partly to 
the fact that private schools furnished a 
more thorough and elevated course of 
instruction than the limited provisions of 
the public schools would admit." Much 
trouble was caused by the clamor and 
opposition excited in the town against 
the then existing school management; ca- 
price, rather than settled principle, guided 
it. Want of harmony in the board, dis- 
putes and quarrels, resulted, and the in- 
terests of the schools were neglected. 
The classification of pupils was imperfect, 
and gave much dissatisfaction. The 



board and the public soon learned that 
a regular and competent superintendent 
was needed, whose business it should be 
to devote his time to the management of 
the school department exclusively. In 
August, 1853, the office was vacated by 
Mr. St. John. 

In January, 1854, Professor Cotting- 
ham suggested a plan which still governs 
the management of the schools— a plan 
for the high school, the systematic ar- 
rangement of the subordinate school, and 
a thorough regular course for each. This 
plan, on presentation to the board, was 
adopted, and Professor Cottingham at 
once began the thorough organization of 
the schools, drawing up a draft of gradua- 
tion for all, and this, too, was endorsed 
by the board. His plan of work has been 
enlarged, improved and extended, but the 
basic element still remains. He received 
the active cooperation and assistance of 
Judge McCartney, who at once accepted 
Professor Cottingham's system as the 
most complete presented to the board. 
Mr. Cottingham prepared a catalogue of 
the high schools, to which Judge Mc- 
Cartney made some additions, and E. I'. 
Stewart wrote an address to the citizens 
setting forth the advantages of the high 
school system, and this address was 
printed and widely circulated through the 
town. The poorer classes of the city 
heartily endorsed the plan and encour- 
aged Mr. Cottingham, and as time passed 
he received the active cooperation of 
many of the leading residents of Easton. 
Following the adoption of his plan, he 
at once proceeded to examine all the 
schools and pupils in the town, giving 
each child as well as each school a grade, 
with a certificate. This was the first formal 
examination ever made to determine the 
proper grade of the schools of pupils, 
pupils were at once sent to their 


proper places in classes and schoolrooms, 
and the system was soon in active opera- 
tion. Professor Cottingham continually 

studied to benefit the schools, to broaden 
the system, and to make the work of edu- 
cation in Easton of more practical and 
far-reaching benefit. While he systema- 
tized the school, however, the transac- 
tions of the school board were conducted 
with utter disregard of any method. The 
papers were stored away in old boxes in 
the room, or in a cellar, and Mr. Cotting- 
ham directed his labor toward securing 
improvement in that direction. He gath- 
ered all of the records, bills, petitions and 
receipts, filed them with care, and put 
them in places of safety. He suggested 
the use of books for the recording of all 
transactions of the board, and for its ac- 
counts and regular business. He offered 
to keep the accounts and records of the 
board complete and, as the result of his 
diligent presentation of the subject, the 
present system of books in use by this 
school board was adopted. In addition to 
the regular work of superintending the 
schools, Professor Cottingham also for a 
number of years performed the clerical 
work now done by the secretary and li- 
brarian, and the manifold duties which 
devolved upon him in this connection 
often caused him to write busily in his of- 
fice until twelve or one o'clock at night, 
after following the arduous duties of the 
day. He continued to do this until his 
eyes were weakened to such an extent 
that he was obliged to place himself in the 
hands of a surgeon for treatment. He 
performed the extra service gratuitously 
until 1873, when he was relieved by the 
appointment of a secretary. Many origi- 
nal features have been introduced into the 
schools of Easton, and the work of the 
educational department of the city is now 
of a most practical character. Professor 
Cottingham largely maintained the paren- 
tal attitude to a child in his relation to 
the pupils that came under his care, tak- 
ing recognition of their dispositional ten- 
dencies in as far as is possible and practi- 
cal. He labored to promote physical, 



mental and moral development, and thus 
produce a well-rounded character. His 
interest in the individual did not cease as 
the pupil passed from his care in the 
school-room, and many now successful 
and prominent business men owe to him 
their start upon a business career because 
of the influence which he exerted in se- 
curing positions for them. Through his 
suggestion and influence, four scholar- 
ships to Lafayette College were obtained 
and offered as prizes in the high school, so 
that each year one of these is given to the 
boy who wins the highest scholarship in 
the public school course of Easton. He 
also secured the adoption by the school 
board of the plan of issuing diplomas, 
and designed the certificate of graduation 
which is now given to each high school 
pupil who completes the regular course. 
An analyzation of his life work shows 
that Professor (Nottingham was a man 
of scholarly attainments and strong in- 
tellectuality, and yet not to this alone 
was due his success as one of the most 
able public school educators of the coun- 
try. Cine of the elements of power in 
ins work was his earnest desire and ef- 
forts for advancement in methods, and 
another equally potent factor was his in- 
terest in the individual, and his coopera- 
tion for the advancement of the inherent 
talent of each pupil. Few men of the 
country so win the love of those who 
come under their instruction as did Pro- 
fessor Cottingham, and his career as an 
educator has been an honor to the city 
which has honored him. A notable event 
in the life of Professor Cottinghgam, and 
also in the local history of Easton, was 
the celebration which was held in that 
city, April 28, 1887, in honor of the com- 
pletion of one-third of a century of his 
superintendcncy, and another on October 
28, 1903, in honor of the fiftieth anniver- 
sary of his service. On that eccasion 
many notable educators and prominent 
men of Pennsylvania were present, sev- 

eral of whom delivered addresses, and in 
the evening a banquet was held. It was 
an occasion long to be remembered by 
Professor Cottingham and his many 
friends, and well did he merit this public 
token of the esteem and confidence of his 
fellow citizens and co-workers in edu- 
cational lines throughout the State. 

Professor Cottingham was a Mason 
from September, 1867, and was secretary 
of Dallas Lodge, No. 396; he also be- 
longed to Royal Arch Chapter, No. 172; 
Hugh de Payens Commandery, No. 19, 
Knights Templar; and affiliated with the 
order of American Mechanics. In re- 
ligious belief he was a Presbyterian, be- 
longing to the First Church of Easton. 
In the various local and state teachers' 
conventions he was an important factor, 
serving as president of the State Conven- 
tion held in Harrisburg, and in many 
other ways promoting the success of the 
work in which he was so deeply inter- 
ested. He was instrumental in having 
the public library (now the Carnegie 
Library) opened for the use of the people 
of Easton. 

Professor Cottingham was married, 
March 20, 1856, to Louisa C. Abel, a 
daughter of John and Maria E. (Reich- 
ard) Abel. Her paternal ancestry is 
traced back to Johan Jacob and Maria 
Sophia (Raub) Abel, the former arriving 
in America from Hanover, Germany, on 
the 25th of October, 1652. John Abel 
was born September 12, 1744, and died 
September 12, 1822. He married Cather- 
ine Bleckley, and among their children 
was John Abel, father of Mrs. Cotting- 
ham. Her mother, Maria (Reichard) 
Abel, was a daughter of Jacob and Eliza- 
beth (Hay) Reichard. The former was 
a son of Daniel Reichard, who was born 
in Switzerland, in 1752, and died in 
Easton in March, 1819. His wife, Cath- 
erine Dorothy Reichard, was born in 
Switzerland, in 1753, and died in Easton, 
November 19, 1845. Mrs. Elizabeth 





(Hay) Rcichanl, the grandmother of 
Mrs. Cottingham, was born in Easton in 
March, 1780, and was a daughter of Peter 
and Margaret (Simmons) Hay. Peter 
Hay was a son of Melchior Hay, and a 
grandson of Malcom Hay, the emigrant. 
Four children comprised the family of 
Professor and Mrs. Cottingham, namely : 
Mr.. I. aura S Morrison, deceased Decem- 
ber 31, 1912, <f St. Albans, Vermont; 
Mrs. Annie W. Talntagc, of New Bed- 
ford. Massachusetts; Mrs. Jennie B. 
Vorics, 11I New Orleans, Louisiana; and 
W \V. Cottingham Jr., of Easton, Penn- 
sylvania Two children are deceased: 
LUjie A; ami Emily L. Cottingham. 

POX, John E., 

Lawyer, I telilator, Financier. 

The history of Pennsylvania is largely 

a history of her Bench and Bar. Wisely 

and ably have her judges and advocates 

interpreted her laws and defended her 

liberties, and worthily has the record of fi ve years held the office of postmaster of 
the past been supplemented by those who Hummelstown, fulfilling its requirements 

then Londonderry township, Lancaster 
county, near Hummelstown, and there 
passed the remainder of his life. He 
married Anna Margaret Rupert, born De- 
cember 14, 1756, in Holland, and their 
children were: John, Margaret, Thomas; 
George, mentioned below ; James, and 
Richard. John Fox, the eldest of this 
family, served from 1831 to 1833 as a 
member of the House of Representatives 
of Pennsylvania, filled the office of sheriff 
two terms, and faithfully discharged the 
duties of various positions in the town- 
ship. John Fox, the father of the family, 
died April 25, 1816, and his widow passed 
away October 21, 1838. 

George, son of John and Anna Mar- 
garet (Rupert) Fox, was born December 
17, 1788, in what was then Londonderry 
township, Dauphin county. He was 
reared on a farm, and became proprietor 
of the Golden House, Hummelstown. 
Politically he was a Whig, and for thirty- 

now stand at the head of the legal pro- 
fession in the Keystone State. Foremost 
among the present leaders of the Penn- 
sylvania bar is State Senator John E. 
Fox, of Harrisburg, head of the well 
known firm of Fox & Geyer, and for the ' 
last quarter of a century an influential 
factor in the legal and political circles 
of his city and state. Senator Fox is a 
representative of an old Pennsylvania 
family, the members of which in the suc- 
cessive generations have been closely 
identified with the industrial, financial 
and political development of the com- 

John Fox, great-grandfather of John E. 
Fox, of Harrisburg, was born in 1751, in 
Devonshire, England, and in early man- 
hood, accompanied by his brother Joseph, 

with the utmost fidelity and efficiency. 
He was active in all measures for reform 
and progress, and in all respects a model 
citizen. He and his wife were members 
of the Lutheran church. Mr. Fox mar- 
ried Elizabeth, born December 3, 1794. 
daughter of Caspar and Mary Eshenauer, 
and the following children were born to 
them: Richard, John E., George, James, 
Abner, and Thomas George, mentioned 
below. Mr. Fox died August 25, 1855, 
and the death of his widow occurred 
April 8, 1862. 

Thomas George, son of George and 
Elizabeth (Eshenauer) Fox, was born 
July 19, 1827, in Hummelstown, where he 
attended the subscription schools until 
the age of fourteen, going then to Harris- 
burg in order to learn printing. After 
spending four years in the office of the 

emigrated to this country, settling first at "Telegraph," he went to Philadelphia, 
Germantown, in the Province of Pennsyl- and for two years was employed as clerk 
vania. In 1799 he settled in what was in the Exchange Bank. At the end of 



that time, having a strong predilection 
for the medical profession, he entered 
Jefferson Medical College, from which 
institution he was graduated with honors 
in 1852. Pie at once opened an office in 
Hummelstown, where for many years he 
was the leading medical practitioner. In 
1873 he retired from the active practice 
of his profession. In 1861-63 Dr. Fox 
was a member of the State Legislature, 
in 1873 was elected prothonotary of 
Dauphin county, and at the expiration of 
his first term was re-elected. He was a 
member and at one time president of the 
Board of Prison Inspectors of the county, 
and for many years served as school di- 
rector. Dr. Fox is the owner of six 
hundred acres of land, and his profes- 
sional ability and public spirit have long 
caused him to be regarded as the leading 
citizen of his community. He married, 
in Hummelstown, May n, 1852, Diana, 
born July 12, 1832, in Derry township, 
daughter of Henry and Mary (Landis) 
Hershey, and they became the parents of 
the following children: L. Webster, a 
leading oculist in Philadelphia, and pro- 
fessor of ophthalmology in the Medico- 
Chirurgical College ; Elizabeth ; Robert 
T., died in early life; James G. ; John E., 
mentioned below ; Adelaide, wife of John 
H. Gay, of Philadelphia; Mary; Carrie, 
wife of J. P. Nissley, of Hummelstown; 
and George H., a prominent physician of 
Philadelphia, died April 14, 1912. James 
G. Fox, third son in this family, has re- 
sided at different times in Dauphin and 
Chester counties, and in both has taken 
an active part in public affairs. In 1893 
he was elected a member of the Republi- 
can county committee, in 1898 was a can- 
didate for the State Legislature, but was 
defeated, in 1900 was elected to the same 
office and in 1902 was re-elected, arid 
served as chairman of the committee on 
public roads, and as a member of the rail- 
road, forestry, military, new counties and 
county seats committees. 

John E., son of Thomas George and 
Diana (Hershey) Fox, was born Novem- 
ber 27, 1861, at Hummelstown, Dauphin 
county, Pennsylvania, and received his 
primary education in the schools of his 
native place, afterward entering Lafay- 
ette College, Easton, Pennsylvania, grad- 
uating in 1885 with the degree of Bach- 
elor of Arts. Two years later his alma 
mater conferred upon him the degree of 
Master of Arts, and he is now a trustee 
of the college. During the two years fol- 
lowing his graduation, Mr. Fox taught 
the Hummelstown grammar school, and 
at the end of that time took up the study 
of law with the firm of Weiss & Gil- 
bert, of Harrisburg. After completing 
his education by spending some time in 
foreign travel, he returned in 1888 to 
Harrisburg, and was admitted to the 
Dauphin county bar. He has since prac- 
tised his profession in that city, and in 
1910 received into partnership John 
R. Geyer, the firm being known as 
Fox & Geyer. It ranks as one of the 
leading law firms of Harrisburg, and is 
now counsel for the Bell Telephone Com- 
pany, the American Telephone & Tele- 
graph Company, the Pennsylvania Steel 
Company, and many other large corpora- 
tions. Mr. Fox is noted for his quick ap- 
preciation of the points counsel are en- 
deavoring to establish, and for his in- 
variable success in getting at the root of 
the matter by questions during argu- 
ment. He has a broad, comprehensive 
grasp of all problems submitted to him, 
and this, together with his legal learning 
and analytical mind, places him among 
the most capable jurists who have ever 
graced the bar of Harrisburg. Always 
earnest and logical, and with a full com- 
mand of language, he never fails to im- 
press his audience with the justice of the 
cause he pleads. 

In early manhood Mr. Fox came into 
prominence as an influence in the coun- 
cils of the Republican party. In 1892 he 


served as delegate from his congressional 
district to the Republican National Con- 
vention held at .Minneapolis, Minnesota, 
and in iyoo he was elected State Senator. 
He has the remarkable record of twelve 
years' continuous tenure of this office, his 
last term expiring in December, 1912. 
Senator Fox's services as a legislator 
have been such as entitle him to the 
highest respect and the warmest grati- 
tude of his constituents. In 1901 he was 
mainly instrumental in the passage of the 
appropriation bill for the building of the 
State Capitol, a structure which is with- 
out a peer among its class, both for 
beauty and adaptability to the purpose 
for which it was erected, and which re- 
flects glory not only on the city of Har- 
risburg, but on the State of Pennslvania. 
Senator Pox was also instrumental in 
passing the Park Extension Bill, which 
adds twenty-eight acres to the Capitol 
Park. The bill had been a subject of con- 
troversy during four sessions of the legis- 
lature, and was finally passed chiefly 
through the splendid fighting qualities of 
Senator Fox, who seldom fails to come 
off victorious in any discussion, his tell- 
ing questions laying bare the very heart 
and centre of the subject. But Senator 
Fox's greatest and crowning service was 
his prosecution of those who sought to 
enrich themselves out of the public treas- 
ury, who endeavored to fraudulently 
amass wealth from the building of the 
State Capitol. As counsel for the com- 
monwealth he scored a signal victory, 
and won for himself a place of enduring 
honor in the annals of the Keystone 
State. In 1907 he declined the Republi- 
can nomination for Additional Law- 
Judge of Dauphin county. 

In 1910 Senator Fox became one of the 
owners of the Mechanics' Bank of Ilar- 
risburg, a private bank, and also became 
actively interested in banking. He was 
formerly a director of the Harrisburg 
Trust Company, the Bell Telephone 

Company and the Pennsylvania Tele- 
phone Company, retaining his connection 
with the last-named organization until it 
was merged in the Bell system. He is 
now a member of the Harrisburg Board 
of Trade. He takes an earnest interest in 
philanthropic work, and is a member of 
the Associated Charities, and a director 
of the Young Men's Christian Associa- 
tion. Senator Fox is a member of the 
State Bar Association and the Dauphin 
County Bar Association. He belongs to 
the Harrisburg and Anglenet Fishing 
Clubs, of Harrisburg, and the Country 
Club, holding membership also in the 
Union League Club of New York, the 
University Club of Philadelphia, and the 
Delta Tau Delta fraternity. He is a 
member of the Market Square Presby- 
terian Church. 

The personal appearance of Senator 
Fox never fails to convey the impression 
of rare force of character. Although not 
exceeding the medium height, he has 
more of that indefinable quality called 
"presence" than many men of greater 
stature, while his virile, clear-cut fea- 
tures, combined with the penetrating 
glance of his keen, piercing eyes, impress 
the beholder with a sense of power, and 
also with the wisdom of the Attorney- 
General in selecting such a man to bear 
a leading part in the conduct of the suits 
recommended by the Capitol Investiga- 
tion Commission. That the bill for the 
appropriation of $4,000,000 for the new 
Capitol building should be triumphantly 
passed, was little wonder when we con- 
sider that its author was John E. Fox. 

Senator Fox married, December 4, 
1907, Rachel B., daughter of Charles 
Kunkel, a prominent banker of Harris- 
burg, and three children have been born 
to them: Charles Kunkel, Rachel Vir- 
ginia, and Mary Elizabeth. By his mar- 
riage, Senator Fox gained the life com- 
panionship of a fascinating and congenial 
woman — one of those rare women wdio 




combine with perfect womanliness and 
domesticity an unerring judgment, a 
union of traits very valuable to her hus- 
band, to whom she is not alone a charm- 
ing companion, but also a confidante and 
adviser. Mrs. Fox is one of the most 
gracious and tactful of Harrisburg hos- 
tesses, and Senator Fox, essentially cour- 
teous, but always dignified, in his rela- 
tions to the bar, is in private life most 
genial and companionable. Senator and 
Mrs. Fox are extremely popular not only 
in the society of their own city, but also 
in the social circles of the other chief 
cities of the East. Their children already 
give great promise of inheriting the dis- 
tinctive traits of both parents — the clev- 
erness of the father and the charm of the 

Senator Fox has rendered to his State 
a three-fold service — as lawyer, legis- 
lator, and, by the force of his influence, 
executive. He has interpreted her laws 
with insight and wisdom, he has helped 
with statesmanlike sagacity to frame 
them, and, with all the marvellous vigor 
of his dynamic personality, he has la- 
bored for their enforcement. 

FARQUHAR, Arthur B., 

Manufacturer, Authority on Economics. 

The old city of York has to-day for 
her leading citizen a man between whom 
and herself there is at least one strong 
point of resemblance, inasmuch as both 
have been first in more ways than can 
be readily enumerated. Arthur B. Far- 
quhar, president of the A. B. Farquhar 
Company, and for more than half a 
century a resident of York, is not only a 
most sagacious and progressive business 
man, but also a writer of distinctive abil- 
ity whose works are recognized authori- 
ties on questions of public economy. 
During his long career he has touched 
life at so many points that the story of 
his long years of activity is inseparably 

interwoven with the history of the Key- 
stone State. He is a representative of an 
American branch of one of the most fam- 
ous of those ancient clans renowned for 
centuries in the annals of Scotland. 

The clan Farquhar traces its descent 
from Robert Farquhar, Laird of Gilmilns- 
croft; and its earliest achievements, faith- 
fully handed down by its bards, after the 
manner of great Highland families, show 
it to have been a valiant and warlike 
race, steadfast in loyalty to its king, and 
ever ready to fight in defense of its native 
land. The clan has for many generations 
enjoyed its present possessions in Kyle 
Stewart, Scotland, and numbers of its 
members have won distinction in various 
professions and callings. The name of 
Farquhar is written high on the roll of 
honor in both the Old World and the 
New. The arms of this illustrious clan 
— borne for centuries by gallant knights 
and warriors, defenders of the liberties 
of Scotland — are as follows : Arms : 
Argent, a lion rampant, sable, armed 
and langued or, between three sinister 
hands, two and one, coupled paleways, 
gules. Crest : A dexter hand, couped 
as in the arms. Supporters : Two grey- 
hounds, proper. Motto : Stocado, fide et 

William F. Farquhar, great-great- 
great-grandfather of Arthur B. Farquhar, 
emigrated from Scotland about 1700, ac- 
companied by a number of religious ref- 
ugees, in quest, like himself, of freedom of 
thought and larger opportunities. This 
little company settled in Frederick coun- 
ty, Maryland, and there the descendants 
of William F. Farquhar remained for 
more than a century. 

Amos Farquhar, grandfather of Arthur 
B. Farquhar, removed in 1812 to York 
county, Pennsylvania, where he erected, 
in connection with Jonathan Jessop, a 
cotton factory which he conducted with 
a fair measure of success until after the 
close of the war with England. Its pros- 





perity then abruptly declined, and Mr. 
Farquhar thenceforth engaged in agri- 
cultural pursuits, becoming also an in- 
structor in the schools. 

William Henry, son of Amos Farquhar, 
was born June 14, 1813, at York, Penn- 
sylvania, and was from childhood a stu- 
dent, being a well advanced Latin and 
Greek scholar at the age of thirteen 
years. While a man of fine literary at- 
tainments, he was at the same time a 
mathematician of high repute. At an 
early age he accompanied his father to 
Montgomery county, Maryland, where 
they established a seminary for young 
women, the institution acquiring a high 
degree of prestige throughout the State. 
Mr. Farquhar married Margaret Briggs, 
daughter of Isaac Briggs (a friend of 
Jefferson and Madison, surveyed the 
Louisiana purchase and assisted in the 
survey of Washington, D. C, and a 
descendant of Robert Brook, of the 
house of Warwick, who was born in 
1602, and married Mary Baker, daughter 
of Roger Mainwaring, Dean of Worces- 
ter) aniPHannah Brook. In 1650 Robert 
Brook emigrated to the province of 
Maryland, settling in Charles county. 
He was accompanied by his wife and 
their ten children and a retinue of 
twenty-eight servants, and became a man 
of prominence and influence in the col- 
ony, being made commandant of Mary- 
land, and later president of the Council 
of Maryland. His children and grand- 
children settled in what is now Mont- 
gomery county, whence their descend- 
ants became scattered throughout the va- 
rious states of the Union. 

Arthur B., son of William Henry and 
Margaret (Briggs) Farquhar, was born 
September 28, 1838, in Montgomery 
county, Maryland, and received his early 
education at Benjamin Hallowell's select 
school for boys, at Alexandria, Virginia. 
His father had become engaged in agri- 
cultural pursuits, and the son, after leav- 

ing school, acted for one year as manager 
of the farm. His inclination, however, 
was for mechanics, and in this he was 
wisely encouraged by his father, who 
had the insight to discern his rare talents 
in this direction. Mr. Farquhar accord- 
ingly afforded his son every possible fa- 
cility for a mechanical education, and in 
1856 the youth went to York, Pennsyl- 
vania, to learn the machinist's trade. The 
rapidity of his progress and the degree of 
proficiency to which he attained may be 
inferred from the fact that at the end of 
two years he obtained a partnership in- 
terest in the establishment in which he 
had labored with so great energy and en- 
thusiasm. His continued exercise of 
these qualities contributed in no small 
measure to the prosperity of the concern 
during the next few years, but it was not 
long before the great cloud of the Civil 
War cast its shadow over the land, de- 
pressing all commercial activity, and this 
firm, suffering as it did with others, was 
completely annihilated by a disastrous 
fire. The assets were barely sufficient to 
render possible the payment of twenty- 
five cents on the dollar in liquidating the 
indebtedness, and this fact, to a man of 
Mr. Farquhar's principles, was a greater 
grief than was his own personal loss. He 
prevailed upon his creditors to effect a 
radically different settlement which en- 
abled him to resume his business opera- 
tions, and by careful management and 
well directed effort he succeeded, at the 
expiration of three years, in liquidating 
the obligations in full. From this period 
the record of the business as it gradually 
expanded into the present magnificent in- 
dustry of the A. B. Farquhar Company, 
is one of uninterrupted progress. The 
successful management of an enterprise 
of such magnitude is incontrovertible 
evidence of Mr. Farquhar's rare adminis- 
trative abilities and unswerving honor. 
The business had its inception in a small 
frame shop in which employment was af- 





forded to a few workmen, and in 1889 
the A. B. Farquhar Company, Limited, 
was organized and duly incorporated, 
with a capital stock of $500,000, all of 
which is owned by the Farquhar family. 
Of this company, whose constantly in- 
creasing business has now reached large 
proportions, Arthur B. Farquhar is pres- 
ident, and to him is due its marvellous 
and triumphant success. The works are 
an immense collection of fine buildings 
furnished in every department with the 
most complete and modern equipment, 
and the products of the establishment are 
shipped not only to every part of the 
Union, but also to all parts of the civi- 
lized world. Mr. Farquhar, in his con- 
duct of the business, has proved the 
value of actual familiarity with every de- 
tail of manufacturing, and has displayed 
special wisdom in his careful discrimina- 
tion in the selection of foremen for the 
various departments of the establishment, 
always choosing men who are masters of 
the different mechanical operations con- 
ducted under their superintendency. His 
singularly strong personality has always 
exerted a wonderful influence on his sub- 
ordinates and, in fact, on all brought into 
contact with him. To those in his ser- 
vice he has ever been most kind and con- 
siderate, and they, in grateful return, 
have sided and cooperated with his ef- 
forts to a degree unusual in the manu- 
facturing world. In his fifty-six years 
business he has never been sued by a 
workman; when workmen are injured, 
their wages are continued, and they are 
reinstated as soon as able to work. Mr. 
Farquhar is one of those men who seem 
to find the happiness of life in the suc- 
cess of their work, and he has indeed 
reared to himself a magnificent testimon- 
ial of his business enterprise and un- 
faltering determination. 

During the long period of Mr. Far- 
quhar's residence in York, his name has 
been synonymous with progress, and the 

present proud position which the city 
holds as a manufacturing centre is large- 
ly owing to his efforts in the line of gen- 
eral progress to which he may be said 
to have devoted as much time as he has 
to the furthering of his personal inter- 
ests. A man of action rather than words, 
he has demonstrated his public spirit by 
actual achievements that advance the 
prosperity and wealth of the community, 
and he is by common consent recognized 
as foremost among those who have made 
York the third manufacturing city of the 
great old Keystone State. 

Notwithstanding his celebrity as a 
business man, Mr. Farquhar is best 
known throughout the nation and among 
the statesmen of foreign lands as a stu- 
dent of political economy and as an 
authority upon every branch of the sub- 
ject, more especially with regard to fi- 
nance and tariff legislation. He has 
brought to bear upon the great economic 
questions of the day all the forces of a 
thoroughly practical and well disciplined 
mind, and as a clear and cogent writer 
upon such topics has gained the atten- 
tion of thinking men throughout the 
world. He has established his points by 
well taken tenets, enforced by wide 
and discriminating observations, careful 
study of minute details, and cognizance 
of statistical values. His essays along 
these lines have been published in the 
New York, Philadelphia, and Boston pa- 
pers and magazines, and have com- 
manded the strongest recognition for 
their wisdom and freedom from partisan 
bias, while his pamphlets on finance 
(notably those on the silver question) 
have been circulated by the thousand. 
On February 14, 1890, in response to a 
request from the Reform Club of New 
York City, Mr. Farquhar delivered an ad- 
dress upon the great economic question 
of the day, — protection. Subsequently 
his remarks were embodied in a publica- 
tion of nearly five hundred pages, entitled 




"Economic and Industrial Delusions." 
The titles of the several chapters give an 
idea of the scope of the work: "The 
Case for Protection Examined," "Abuse 
of Party Allegiance," "Balance of Trade 
and Currency Supply," "Paternal Gov- 
ernments and Industrial Progress," "For- 
eign Countries as Commercial Rivals," 
"Prices versus Wages," "The Home 
Market," "The Ideal Revenue with Inci- 
dental Protection," "Protection and Agri- 
culture," "Special Discussions," "The 
Silver Question." In the compilation of 
this valuable work Mr. Farquhar had as 
an able collaborator his brother, Mr. 
Henry Farquhar, a government statistic- 
ian of note, and the book is regarded as 
an authority upon the various points 
touched, bearing the unmistakable im- 
print of patient study, careful research 
and wide knowledge. It is written in a 
spirit of absolute fairness, and the posi- 
tions taken are rendered well-nigh im- 
pregnable. Mr. Farquhar clearly eluci- 
dates the ills that would arise from the 
free coinage of silver and from a high 
protective tariff, demonstrating that the 
former would unsettle the financial sta- 
bility of the country, and that the latter 
stands as a barrier to the exchange of the 
manufactured goods of our workshops. 

In nothing is the independence of Mr. 
Farquhar's character more apparent than 
in his attitude toward politics, inasmuch 
as he votes irrespective of party, guided 
only by the dictates of his own judgment 
and considering nothing but the fitness of 
the candidate for the office for which he 
is nominated. He was a strong supporter 
of President Cleveland, regarding his ad- 
ministration as an honest one, well calcu- 
lated to conserve the best interests of the 
nation. At previous elections he had 
supported Lincoln, whom he knew per- 
sonally, and Blaine and Garfield, who 
were also personal friends. 

In 1892 Mr. Farquhar was nominated 
by Hon. Robert E. PaUison, then govern- 

or of Pennsylvania, as one of the com- 
missioners to represent the old Keystone 
State at the World's Columbian Exposi- 
tion held in Chicago in 1893. At the 
meeting of the State Commissioners, 
Mr. Farquhar was elected executive com- 
missioner, and later received the addi- 
tional honor of being chosen president of 
the National Association of Executive 
Commissioners, representing all the 
States. He had previously visited Eu- 
rope, acting under a commission from the 
government, where he rendered valuable 
service in the interests of the World's 

In January, 1897, Mr. Farquhar was 
appointed by Governor Hastings a dele- 
gate from Pennsylvania to the Coast 
Defense Convention, called by the gov- 
ernor of Florida to meet at Tampa, and 
over which General J. M. Schofield pre- 
sided. On that occasion Mr Farquhar 
delivered a most able address, replete 
with broad humanitarian principles and 
inspired by the loftiest sentiment, claim- 
ing that American's best defense was 
treating all nations fairly, and avoiding 
entangling alliances. He is a member of 
the American Peace Congress and of the 
World's Peace Congress, and in this con- 
nection has made addresses which have 
attracted world-wide attention, notably 
at the great peace gatherings held at 
Washington, D. C, Boston and Lake 
Mohonk. Mr. Farquhar belongs to al- 
most every Reform Society in the United 
States, being an active member of at 
least thirty-five such bodies. His name 
is on the rolls of the world-famous Cob- 
den Club of England. 

Ranking as he does among the dis- 
tinguished and successful men of the na- 
tion, Mr. Farquhar never loses sight of 
matters pertaining to the welfare of his 
home city, and well-nigh incalculable is 
the impetus which he has imparted to all 
her best interests. At home he is a mem- 
ber of the Board of Trade, president of 


the Chamber of Commerce, president of 
the State Conservation Association, pres- 
ident of the York Oratorio Society, etc., 
a director in the York Trust Company, 
and was at one time proprietor of the 
"York Gazette." He is president of the 
York Hospital, vice-president and mem- 
ber of the executive committee of the 
National Association of Manufacturers, 
and a member of the Cosmos Club of 
Washington, D. C. 

Not only has Mr. Farquhar increased 
the prosperity of his adopted city, but 
he has also added to her beauty. He is 
president of the Park Commission, and it 
was through his efforts that York se- 
cured her attractive park system. Over 
and above this, Mr. Farquhar presented 
to the city the beautiful park which bears 
his name and which is one of the most 
charming and restful spots to be found 
anywhere. Not many years after Mr. 
Farquhar became a resident of York, he 
rendered her a service which forms part 
of our national history. During the 
Civil War, when York was invaded by 
Confederate forces, Mr. Farquhar ar- 
ranged with the commanding officer of 
the enemy for the protection of the town, 
by payment of a comparatively small 
sum, and not a dollar's worth of property 
was taken. For this inestimable service 
Mr. Farquhar received the personal 
thanks of President Lincoln and Edwin 
M. Stanton, Secretary of War. 

The personal appearance of Mr. Far- 
quhar is that of a man of intense vitality, 
great strength of character and com- 
manding intellect. His presence carries 
ever the suggestion of immense reserve 
force, while his strong features and the 
piercing glance of his eyes are tempered 
by an expression of kindliness which be- 
speaks a genial nature. Widely chari- 
table as he is known to be, his face is that 
of a man who has never allowed ques- 
tionable methods to form part of his 
business career, whose record, in all the 


relations of life, has been stainless, and 
whose whole course has, in large meas- 
ure, been an exemplification of his belief 
in the brotherhood of mankind. 

Mr. Farquhar married, in i860, Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Edward Jessop, a lead- 
ing hardware manufacturer of Baltimore, 
and president of the Short Mountain and 
the Tunnelton Coal Companies, his coun- 
try seat having been in Spring Garden 
township, York county. Mr. and Mrs. 
Farquhar are the parents of three sons: 
William E.; Percival, famous at the head 
of the Farquhar syndicate which has de- 
veloped railroads, docks and other enter- 
prises in South America, and Francis. 
Mrs. Farquhar is one of those rare 
women who combine with perfect wom- 
anliness and domesticity an unerring 
judgment— a union of traits fitting her 
to be in all things the companion of her 
husband who has ever found in her an 
ideal helpmate. "Edgecombe," the beau- 
tiful home of Mr. and Mrs. Farqu- 
har, is situated beyond the city limits, the 
mansion standing in the midst of spacious 
grounds, planted with noble trees, and 
having a most exquisite Italian garden, 
to which the falling waters of a fountain 
lend an additional charm. The approach 
to the house is through a beautiful 
granite gateway, and when the master 
passes this boundary line between his 
home and the outside world he leaves 
behind him all the cares which press 
upon him in the arena of business, find- 
ing in rural surroundings and in the 
amusements of outdoor life— especially 
in horsemanship and golf — much-needed 
rest and recuperation. Mr. Farquhar is 
one of the men who set advancing years 
at defiance, and never allow themselves 
to be overborne by the weight of public 
anxieties, preserving by judicious exer- 
cise, health of body and mind, and never 
losing the ability to face any emergency, 
however trying. Mr. and Mrs. Farquhar 
prominent not only in the social cir- 


cles of York, but also in those of other 
cities of the East Both possess the rare 
and charming faculty of winning friends 
everywhere; and their beautiful and 
stately home is a centre of gracious hos- 

Throughout his long and brilliant 
career Mr. Farquhar has been animated 
by the all-conquering spirit of achieve- 
ment which was his heritage from noble 
and invincible ancestors, and his success 
has ever redounded to the general wel- 
fare. In each of his triumphs his gener- 
osity lias made York a sharer. Told in 
detail, the story of what he has done for 
her would be a record of many pages. 
By his single-handed effort she was 

By his single-handed effort she was Amenoa iu«« ^ »» »» — 

saved from the rapine of the invader, and nation and the hearts of the found 

... *.,„ ^ m ,„™,.jm ti fipneral Go Din 

Tennyson's poem, its "echoes roll from 
soul to soul, and grow forever and for- 

The personality of General John Peter 
Shindel Gobin, conspicuous as it has been 
by a long and useful life as a citizen, by 
a brilliant record in military service, and 
by important and distinguished work as 
a public official, has been one of inesti- 
mable value to those who came even re- 
motely under his influence. Notwith- 
standing the fears and denunciations of 
the Cassandras, the republican institu- 
tions will continue stable that produce 
sons of such a type. Exponent as he was 
in the sum total of his life's work of those 
American ideals that had fired the imagi- 
ders of 

by his energy and genius her commerce 
has been vitalized, and all her essential 
interests have felt the uplifting power of 
a strong nature and a guiding intellect. 
The record of the citizenship of Arthur 
B. Farquhar will ever constitute one of 

the commonwealth, General Gobin came 
of that breed of men that has furnished 
some of the finest pioneers of the Amer- 
ican stock. On his father's side his race 
was to be traced to patriots who had 
fought bravely in the Revolution and 

B. Farquhar will ever constitute one 01 iuug.ii "— ; -* '' f . or fh 

the brightest and most memorable pages other wars, and, through Ins mother, th 
. . B . .r a,_... familv could boast of ancestors in minis 

in the annals of York 

GOBIN, John Peter Shindel, 

Lawyer, Soldier, Publio Official. 

The man who said the test of a Church 

family could boast of ancestors in mini 
ters who were men of power and great 
influence. Charles Gobin, his great- 
grandfather, was a captain in a battalion 
of Berks County Associators and served 

lh, ....... .vi... an m, ,,„ ... in the Jersey campaign in the Revolution 

was the ability to produce saints, might during the summer of 1780, and later 
have added that the test of a State was commanded a company of militia sent to 
the ability to produce patriotic and useful protect the settlers from the threatened 
citizens. Belonging distinctly to that 
plane of the human brotherhood whose 
lives have enriched the world by noble 
example, General John Peter Shindel 
Gobin has without any question added to 
the list of those sons of whom Pennsyl- 
vania may be proud. His career was one 
of whose activit 

invasion of the Indians, Tories and Brit- 
ish from New York. His grandfather, 
Edward Gobin, served in the war of 1812. 
On the maternal side, the great-grand- 
father, John Peter Shindel, for whom he 
was named, was a pioneer Lutheran min- 

,. , , .,. .- ister who held a pastoral charge in 

were conducted along Lebanon, Pennsylvania, in the early part 
. .• _ j _.» t _r «.u_ i„»t ^onturu Tn t8t2 he removed 

more than one important line and yet 
whose total effect was of noble and heroic 
service. The value of such a life in its 
achievement and in the reaches of spirit- 
ual accomplishment are not easily to be 
computed. Like the "bugle notes" of 

of the last century. In 1812 he removed 
to Sunbury, Pennsylvania. While living 
in Lebanon, his son Jeremiah was born, 
who became a noted minister in the 
Lutheran church. Before he began to 
study for the ministry, the Rev. Jeremiah 



Shindel served an apprenticeship to the 
printer's trade. He was ordained in 1831. 
In 1859 he was sent from the district 
comprising Lehigh and Northampton 
counties to the State Senate of Pennsyl- 
vania, and served as senator three years. 
In 186-2 he was appointed chaplain of the 
noth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteer 
Infantry, and served two years. 

The martial spirit of his father's an- 
cestors and the scholarly tastes of his 
mother's family were found closely 
blended in the character of General 
Gobin. He was born at Sunbury, North- 
umerland county, Pennsylvania, January 
26, 1837, his parents being Samuel L. 
and Susan (Shindel) Gobin. His father 
was a large contractor. He received his 
early academic training in the schools of 
his native town, and then entered the of- 
fice of the "Sunbury American" to learn 
the printer's trade. His intellectual am- 
bition, however, was not satisfied with 
this, and he took up the study of the law, 
and filled all his leisure with the most ex- 
acting work. Fortunately, he had in- 
herited a strong mind in a strong body. 
As early as this, his character had begun 
to show its native trend by noble aspira- 
tions and by self-imposed tasks requiring 
courage and patience. His legal studies, 
conducted under the instruction of M. L. 
Shindel and General J. K. Clement, were 
brought to a successful termination when 
he was admitted to the bar in 1859. But 
his patriotism was of that ardent type 
that would throw away all his immediate 
chances of success to respond to the call 
to arms, and we find him at the outbreak 
of the Civil War leaving his law practice 
and joining the army upon President 
Lincoln's first call for three months' men. 
He was commissoned, April 19, 1861, 
first lieutenant of Company F, nth Regi- 
ment Pennsylvania Volunteers. At the 
close of his term of enlistment he re- 
cruited a company, and upon being com- 
missioned its captain, it was mustered 


in as Company C, 47th Regiment Penn- 
sylvania Volunteers. Promotion was 
rapid for the gallant young soldier, and 
he was successively advanced to the rank 
of major, lieutenant-colonel, and colonel 
of the 47th Regiment, and was breveted 
brigadier-general of volunteers for mer- 
itorious service on March 13, 1865, and 
complimented in general orders for gal- 
lantry at the battle of Pocotaligo, South 
Carolina. Other engagements in which 
he participated were those of St. John's 
Bluff, Sabine Cross Roads, Pleasant Hill, 
and Cane River Crossing, serving in the 
departments of the South, the Gulf and 
the Shenandoah. General Gobin was 
with General Sheridan in his famous 
campaign, and by his gallantry in hold- 
ing fast his command, which was the 
right of Sheridan's line, checked the in- 
rush of the enemy's advance, thus giving 
it the first repulse and turning the tide of 
battle. After the war, General Gobin, re- 
maining with his regiment in Charleston, 
South Carolina, was appointed judge ad- 
vocate general of the Department of the 
South, acting as provost judge of that 
city till 1866. This was a task which in 
the difficult reconstruction times was one 
requiring great gifts of tact, firmness and 
wisdom and the way he fulfilled his 
duties justified the confidence reposed in 
him by the authorities in Washington. He 
was mustered out of the service January 
9, 1866. 

Immediately upon leaving the army, 
General Gobin established himself in 
Lebanon and resumed the practice of the 
law, meeting with a success that has 
placed him in the first rank of the lawyers 
of that part of the State. Early in his 
professional career he was made county 
solicitor of Lebanon county, and in 1884 
this was followed by his election to the 
State Senate, in which body he served 
continuously until 1899, an unprecedented 
term, resigning at that time in order to 
assume the duties of Lieutenant-Gover- 




nor of the State, to which he had been 
elected in 1898. His discharge of the 
duties of official position was marked by 
the same conscientious ardor that char- 
acterized the man and gave satisfaction 
even to his critics. 

He was as public spirited in the con- 
cerns of the community as he had been 
patriotic in his relations to the nation at 
large. The list is long of the institutions 
and movements in which he took an ac- 
tive part. He served as trustee of the 
Soldiers' and Sailors' Home at Erie; as a 
commissioner of the Soldiers' Orphan 
Schools; and as a commissioner of the 
Gettysburg Monumental Association. He 
was commissioned colonel of the 8th 
Regiment, National Guard of Pennsyl- 
vania, in 1874, and since 1885 he has been 
brigadier-general of the Third Brigade of 
the Guard, and was in charge of the State 
troops when labor troubles and riots 
threatened the welfare of the Common- 
wealth. During the Spanish-American 
War he held a commission as brigadier- 
general of volunteers, and at his death 
was major-general commanding the Na- 
tional Guard of Pennsylvania. 

General Gobin assisted in the organiza- 
tion of the Grand Army of the Republic, 
and won the highest honors that organi- 
zation can confer. In 1866 he was elected 
department commander, and in 1897, com- 
mander-in-chief. He was an active mem- 
ber of the Loyal Legion, and of the Sons 
of the Revolution. He always took a 
very keen interest in fraternal societies. 
He was grand commander of the Knights 
Templar of Pennsylvania; grand captain 
general of the Grand Encampment of the 
United States ; grand generalissimo, 
deputy grand commander and grand 
master of the United States. He was 
prominent also in Odd Fellowship, and 
was post grand patriarch of the State of 
Pennsylvania. Apart from his profession, 
General Gobin had important connections 
with various local interests, being a mem- 

ber of the board of directors of the First 
National Bank of Lebanon, and of the 
Cornwall & Lebanon Railway Company, 
serving both these corporations as solici- 
tor. General Gobin had a most pleasing 
and inspiring personality. His command- 
ing presence, his courtesy and kindliness, 
drew to him alike young and old. He 
was a gifted public speaker, and no less 
able a conversationalist. His scholarly 
tastes were great and notwithstanding his 
busy life had never been neglected. 

He married, in 1866, Annie M., daugh- 
ter of Charles Howe, of Key West, Flor- 
ida. Charles Howe was born in Massa- 
chusetts, and had been appointed collec- 
tor of customs at Key West. He died in 
Massachusetts, in his seventy-first year. 
General Gobin died at his home in 
Lebanon, Pennsylvania, May 1, 1910. 


Inventor, Manufacturer, Financier. 

No other city, in proportion to its size, 
has created so many millionaires as has 
Pittsburgh. The reasons are many, but 
chief among them is the fact that the men 
to whom the city owes her industrial pre- 
eminence are men who work with brains 
no less than with hands. Foremost 
among them stands George Westing- 
house, inventor of the air brake, — able 
business man, astute financier, public- 
spirited citizen, a militant man of affairs 
no less than a mechanical genius. 

The paternal ancestors of Mr. Westing- 
house came from Germany, and settled 
in Massachusetts prior to the Revolution. 
Their predominant characteristic as a 
race has always been physical strength, 
combined with intellectual vigor and 
moral force. Through his mother, Mr. 
Westinghouse is descended from a 
Dutch-English ancestry, and can claim 
kindred with those who have won dis- 
tinction along the lines of art, education 
and religious work. Viewed in the light 


of these facts, the personality and work 
of Mr. Westinghouse furnish the strong- 
est possible proof of the theory of 

George Westinghouse was born Octo- 
ber 6, 1846, at Central Bridge, Schoharie 
county, New York, sou of George and 
Emeline (Vedder) Westinghouse. In 
1856 the family removed to Schenectady, 
New York, where the father, who was an 
inventor, established the Schenectady 
Agricultural Works. The son received 
his earlier and preparatory education in 
the public and high schools of the 
town, and at Union College (Ph.D. 
1890), and during this period spent 
much of his leisure time in his fath- 
er's machine shop. The opportunity 
which he thus enjoyed of familiarizing 
himself with all kinds of machine work, 
he has since regarded as of great impor- 
tance in laying the foundation of his suc- 
cess. His boyish experience enabled him 
at the age of fifteen to invent and con- 
struct a rotary engine, and also to gain 
knowledge sufficient for passing at an 
early age the examination for the posi- 
tion of assistant engineer in the United 
States Navy. 

The same patriotic spirit which im- 
pelled one of his brothers to lay down his 
life as a soldier in the war for the preser- 
vation of the Union, led George Westing- 
house, in June, 1863, to enlist in the 
Twelfth Regiment New York National 
Guard for thirty days' service. In July, 
at the expiration of his term, he was dis- 
charged, and in November of the same 
year he re-enlisted for three years in the 
Sixteenth Regiment New York Cavalry, 
being chosen corporal. In November, 
1864, he was honorably discharged, and 
on December 14 following was appointed 
third assistant engineer in the United 
States Navy, and reported for duty on 
the "Muscoota." June 4, 1865, he was 
transferred to the "Stars and Stripes," 
and on June 28 of the same year was 

detached and ordered to the Potomac 
flotilla. The war having now ended, Mr. 
Westinghouse was desirous of continuing 
his college studies, and therefore, resist- 
ing solicitations to remain in the navy, 
tendered his resignation, receiving, Au- 
gust 1, 1865, an honorable discharge. 

On returning home, Mr. Westinghouse 
entered Union College, remaining until 
the close of his sophomore year. During 
his military and naval career the in- 
herited impulse toward experiment and 
invention had not lain dormant, but had 
moved him to invent a multiple cylinder 
engine, and while a college student he 
found it extremely difficult to resist the 
tendency which has ever been so marked 
a trait in his character. Accordingly, Mr. 
Westinghouse, after conference with 
President Hickok, of Union College, and 
by his advice and appreciative sugges- 
tion, discontinued his classical studies 
and sought in active life a wider field for 
his inventive genius. 

In 1865 Mr. Westinghouse invented a 
device for replacing railroad cars upon 
the track, and this device, being of cast 
steel, was manufactured by the Bessemer 
Steel Works at Troy, New York. One 
day while on his way thither, a delay 
caused by a collision between two freight 
trains suggested to Mr. Westinghouse 
the idea that a brake under the control of 
the engineer might have prevented the 
accident. This was the germinal thought 
of the great invention with which his 
name will ever he associated — the air 
brake. Among the various devices which 
occurred to him was that of a brake act- 
uated by the cars closing upon each 
other. No experiments were made, but 
the car-replacer business was developed. 
In Chicago, in 1866, Mr. Westinghouse 
met a Mr. Ambler, inventor of a continu- 
ous chain brake having a chain running 
the entire length of the train, with a 
windlass on the engine which could be 
operated by pressing a wheel against the 


flange of the driving wheel of the loco- 
motive, thus lightening the chain and 
causing the brake blocks to operate upon 
the wheels of the car. Mr. Westing- 
house remarked to Mr. Ambler that he 
had himself yiven some attention to the 
br.iki problem, but was met with the re- 
ply that then was no use in working 
upon ihc subject, as the Ambler patent 
C( vtn.l the culy practical way of operat- 
ing brake*. Far from being discouraged, 
iua .much as he believed Mr. Ambler to be Mr Westinghouse found his 
piThCvrring spirit and inventive genius 
only further nimulatcd and aroused, and 
gjvc hinucW more earnestly than ever to 
the »tmly of the subject. His first plan 
ni to use a steam cylinder under the 
tender to draw up the chain, and then 
the use of the cylinder under each car, 
*ith a pipe to feed all the cylinders, was 
considered. Kxperiments and discussion 
with his brother Herman showed the plan 
to be impracticable. At this time Mr. 
Westinghouse met with an account of the 
operation of the drilling apparatus in 
Mont Cenis tunnel, at a distance of three 
thousand feet from the air compressor. 
The use of compressed air in drilling 
suggested to him its possible employ- 
ment for the operation of the brake — 
compressed air being free from the objec- 
tions to the use of steam. Having made 
drawings of the air pump, brake cylin- 
ders and valves, he explained them to the 
superintendent of the New York Central 
railroad, who declined to try the appa- 
ratus. After filing a caveat he made the 
same request for a trial to the officers of 
the Erie railroad, and with the same re- 

In 1867 Mr. Westinghouse established 
steel works in Schenectady for the manu- 
facture of the car-replacer and reversible 
.steel railroad frogs, but lack of capital 
proved an obstacle. As a result of cor- 
respondence, the inventor was invited to 
Pittsburgh, where he made a contract 

with the Pittsburgh Steel Works for the 
manufacture of steel frogs, he himself 
acting as agent for their introduction. 
Traveling extensively, Mr. Westing- 
housc took every occasion to interest in- 
vestors in the air brake, offering repeated- 
ly to railroad companies the right to use 
the invention if they would bear the ex- 
pense of a trial. In 1868 he met Ralph 
liaggalcy, whom he interested in the 
description of the brake, and who, upon 
being offered a one-fifth interest if he 
would bear the expense of apparatus suf- 
ficient for one train, accepted the proposi- 
tion. The apparatus being constructed, 
permission was given by the superinten- 
dent of the "Pan Handle" railroad to ap- 
ply it to an engine and four cars on the 
accommodation train running between 
Pittsburgh and Steubenville. This train 
was fitted in the latter part of 1868, and 
the first application of the brake pre- 
vented a collision with a wagon on the 
track. The first patent was issued April 
13, 1869, and the Westinghouse Air Brake 
Company was formed July 20 of the same 
year. The first orders for apparatus were 
from the Michigan Central railway and 
the Chicago & Northwestern railway. 
The brake was not without imperfections, 
but alterations were rapidly made, and it 
was brought into good condition in 1869, 
when works for the manufacture were be- 
gun, being completed in 1870. Constant 
attention was given to details, so that the 
brake underwent many changes. The 
policy of issuing no rights or licenses, but 
confining the manufacture to one locality 
and keeping it under one management, 
has not only been of the greatest possible 
use to the railroads in securing uniform- 
ity in brake apparatus throughout the 
United States and adjacent territory, but 
it has resulted in the erection of large 
works, equipped with the finest and new- 
est machinery, at Wilmerding, thirteen 
miles from Pittsburgh. In consequence 
of this there has arisen a beautiful town, 


brilliantly lighted with electricity, well 
paved and sewered, and having schools 
and churches. 

In 1871 Mr. Westinghouse went abroad 
to introduce the air brake in England — 
an undertaking which proved no easy 
ta^-k, inasmuch as the trains in Europe 
had hand brakes upon only what were 
termed "brake vans," there being no 
brakes upon the other vehicles. Mr. 
Westinghouse was thus required, be- 
tween 1871 and 1882, to spend in all seven 
years in Europe, and inventive ability 
was severely taxed to meet the new con- 
ditions of railroad practice. 

Meanwhile, Mr. Westinghouse in- 
vented the "automatic" feature of the 
brake, which overcame other imperfec- 
tions in the first form, and removed the 
clanger from the parting of trains on 
steep grades. In 1886 he invented the 
"quick action" brake, the improvement 
being made in what is known as the 
"triple valve." By this improved valve it 
became practicable to apply all the brakes 
on a train of fifty freight cars in two 
seconds. The automatic and quick action 
brakes are regarded by experts as far 
surpassing the original brake in ingenuity 
and inventive genius. They are not mere 
improvements, but distinct inventions of 
the highest class, unique and remarkable. 
Simple in action, yet complicated in the 
details of its construction, the automatic 
brake is wonderfully efficient, and has 
prevented many accidents, as when a por- 
tion of a train escaped from the control 
of the engineer, while the quick action 
brake gives complete and instant control 
to the engineer over a train more than a 
third of a mile in length. 

The patents taken out by Mr. West- 
inghouse on the air brake are interesting 
in their variety, covering as they do every 
detail from the front end of the engine to 
the rear of the last car, and including 
stop-cocks, hose couplings, valves, pack- 
ings, and many forms of "equivalents" of 

valves and other devices. Infringers of 
these patents have been invariably en- 
joined by the courts, which have declared 
the inventions to be of great value, 
pioneer in character, and therefore en- 
titled to very broad construction. Scien- 
tists unite in regarding the air brake in 
its completed form as one of the greatest 
inventions of the nineteenth century, and 
its usefulness is attested by its almost 
universal adoption by the railroads of the 
world. The claimants of the honor have 
been many, but the decisions of the courts 
in upholding the Westinghouse patents 
destroy such claims, and the additional 
inventions, increasing the efficiency of the 
brake, are sufficient to establish the su- 
periority of Mr. Westinghouse. 

In 1883 Mr. Westinghouse became in- 
terested in the operation of railway sig- 
nals and switches by compressed air, and 
developed and patented the system now 
manufactured by the Union Switch and 
Signal Company. To operate the signals, 
compressed air is used as the power, and 
electricity as the agent, to operate minute 
valves for setting the compressed air in 
motion. Under the patents obtained for 
this invention, the Union Switch and Sig- 
nal Company has introduced in Boston, 
Jersey City, Philadelphia, Chicago, St. 
Louis, and many other places, what is 
termed the "Pneumatic Interlocking 
Switch and Signal Apparatus," whereby 
all the signals and switches are operated 
from a given point, using compressed air 
as the motive power and electricity to 
bring that power into operation. Through 
this invention the movement of signals 
and switches no longer requires consider- 
able physical force, the operations being 
controlled by tiny levers which a child 
can move. These plants are magnificent 
illustrations of what can be accomplished 
by a proper combination of steam, air and 

The development of the switch and sig- 
nal appartus ultimately led Mr. West- 



inghouse to turn his attention to the sub- 
ject of electric lighting, and, having pur- 
chased some patents from William Stan- 
ley, in 1883, he began the manufacture of 
lamps and electric lighting apparatus at 
the works of the Union Switch and Sig- 
nal Company. In 1885 he purchased the 
Gaulard and Gibbs patents for the dis- 
tribution of electricity by means of alter- 
nating currents, and in 1886 formed the 
Westinghouse Electric Company, engag- 
ing actively in the manufacture and sale 
of all kinds of electrical machinery. In 
1889-90 this company absorbed the 
United States Electric Lighting Com- 
pany and the Consolidated Electric Light 
Company. In 1891 all these companies 
were reorganized into the Westinghouse 
Electric & Manufacturing Company, 
which has built very extensive works at 
East Pittsburgh, and employs about four- 
teen thousand operatives. In the con- 
struction of these buildings, as in all the 
others under his management and con- 
trol, architects have, by direction of Mr. 
Westinghouse, borne in mind the health 
and comfort of those to be employed in 
them, and every proper provision has 
been made for their well-being. About 
this time Mr. Westinghouse became in- 
terested also in electric lighting com- 
panies in New York, Philadelphia, Balti- 
more and Pittsburgh, and has given 
special attention to the problem of the 
generation and distribution of electricity 
for commercial purposes. In 1881 the 
Westinghouse Machine Company was 
formed to manufacture engines designed 
by H. H. Westinghouse, brother of the 
inventor. The latter, becoming largely 
interested in it financially, was made its 
president, and the business has developed 
into one of large proportions with ex- 
tensive works at East Pittsburgh. 

In all the enterprises in which he has 
been interested Mr. Westinghouse's 
dynamic personality has been a most 
potent influence. He has gathered 

around him a group of engineers and 
scientists — men who dealt in an intangi- 
ble thing — inventive power. The few 
who were far-sighted enough to aid the 
air brake when it was seeking for recog- 
nition, have been enriched. 

In 1884, natural gas having been 
brought from Murraysville to Pitts- 
burgh, Mr. Westinghouse suggested that 
drilling might develop natural gas in the 
Iron City, and, accordingly, he drilled a 
well on the grounds of his own residence, 
a venture which resulted in the produc- 
tion of gas in enormous quantities. An 
ordinance was enacted by the city author- 
izing him to lay pipes under the streets, 
and he purchased the charter of what is 
known as the Philadelphia Company, 
having power to carry on the natural gas 
business, no law relating especially to this 
business being then in existence. Mr. 
Westinghouse was the first justly to ap- 
preciate the perils and requirements in- 
volved in the distribution of such enorm- 
ous quantities of this almost odorless gas, 
under great pressure, with the possibility 
of leakage at every joint, and not only 
did he provide for this leakage by special 
appliances, but he also foresaw the need 
of large pipes for the reduction of friction 
when the pressure should decrease. His 
theory of the utility of pipes of large di- 
ameter has been amply justified by ex- 
perience, and the work of the Philadel- 
phia Company contributed very largely 
to the re-establishment of Pittsburgh in 
the iron and steel business. 

In 1892, the Westinghouse Electric & 
Manufacturing Company was given the 
contract for the illumination of the 
World's Fair at Chicago, and shortly 
thereafter the incandescent electric lamps 
manufactured by it were declared by the 
courts to be an infringement of patents 
owned by a competitor. Although these 
patents were about to expire, Mr. West- 
inghouse was obliged to immediately 
design and manufacture in large quanti- 



ties an incandescent lamp which would 
not infringe them. This he did by mak- 
ing what was called "the stopper lamp," 
the use of which enabled the Westing- 
house company to fulfill its contract. To 
accomplish this it was not only necessary 
to design a lamp which would not in- 
fringe existing patents, but it was also 
necessary to design and make the special 
machinery required for its production, 
and all this had to be done in a very 
limited time. That Mr. Westinghouse 
succeeded and enabled lais company to 
carry out its contract obligations, is one 
of the most remarkable tours de force 
in his career. The incident, however, is 
only one of many which illustrate Air. 
Westinghouse's resourcefulness and en- 
ergy in the face of what seemed over- 
whelming odds. 

From 1899 to 1906 Mr. Westinghouse 
again spent a considerable portion of his 
time in Europe, where he founded com- 
panies in England and France for the 
manufacture of electrical apparatus un- 
der patents owned by his American com- 
panies. Then came the financial panic 
of 1907, and involved three important 
Westinghouse companies : the Westing- 
house Electric & Manufacturing Com- 
pany, the Westinghouse Machine Com- 
pany, and the Security Investment Com- 
pany. Leaving largely to his associates 
the readjustment of the affairs of the two 
latter companies, which were practically 
his personal property, and disregarding 
his possible personal losses, Mr. Westing- 
house concentrated all his energies on the 
readjustment of the finances of the Elec- 
tric Company, and so successful was he 
in this that in December, 1908, but little 
more than a year after the panic, the com- 
pany's obligations were discharged and 
it was placed upon a firm financial basis 
with cash assets of over $17,000,000. 
Even in the midst of this exacting task, 
Mr. Westinghouse still found time to con- 
tinue the development of important in- 

ventions, and his unvarying cheerfulness 
and optimism in the face of apparently 
unsurmountable difficulties won the ad- 
miration of all who worked with him. 

Mr. Westinghouse's later work includes 
the development of gas-engines of large 
power, and steam-turbines for land and 
marine use. In co-operation with the 
late Rear-Admiral G. W. Melville, U.S. 
N., he was the first to suggest the use of 
reduction-gearing in connection with 
highspeed turbines, and by the invention 
of what is known as a "floating frame" 
for gearing of this kind he has inaugu- 
rated a new epoch in marine engineering. 

The most recent but not the least of 
the products of Air. Westinghouse's 
genius as applied to mechanics is his air 
spring for automobiles and motor trucks, 
the first form of which was brought to 
his attention by its inventors while it was 
still in an experimental state. Air. West- 
inghouse quickly recognized the possibil- 
ities of such a device, and, after several 
years of development and testing, he 
brought out the air spring, which, be- 
cause of the great increase in comfort 
and safety which it affords to motorists, 
promises to become as well known as the 
air brake. In this air spring Air. West- 
inghouse has accomplished the remarka- 
ble feat in mechanics of retaining air at 
a pressure of seventy or eighty pounds in 
a cylinder the piston of which is sub- 
jected to incessant reciprocating motion 
for hours at a time. 

In addition to his mechanical genius, 
Air. Westinghouse possesses the most 
thorough familiarity with financial ques- 
tions, and as long ago as 1896 predicted 
that the rapid increase in the production 
of gold and the decreased cost of its pro- 
duction would cause a depreciation of the 
gold standard and lead to the increased 
cost of living which has since become 
world-wide. He is a splendid type of the 
alert, energetic and progressive business 
man. His literary and classical educa- 



tion, his travel and wide experience have 
fitted him to direct the vast enterprises 
which his ability has either created or 
acquired. At the present time he is inter- 
ested in companies manufacturing the 
Westinghouse air brake in the United 
States, Canada, England, France, Ger- 
man)', Russia, Italy and Australia, and 
has founded companies for the manufac- 
ture of electrical apparatus in the United 
States, Canada, England, France, Italy 
and Russia, with great works at Wilmer- 
ding, East Pittsburgh, Swissvale, and 
Trafford City, Pennsylvania, United 
States; Hamilton, Canada; Manchester 
and London, England; Havre, France; 
Hanover, Germany; St. Petersburg, 
Russia ; Vienna, Austria ; Vado, Italy— 
which employ about 50,000 workmen. 
Some of the other companies in which he 
has large or controlling interests are: 
The Westinghouse Air Spring Company; 
the Cooper Hewitt Electric Company, 
which manufactures mercury vapor lamps 
and rectifiers, and has a subsidiary com- 
pany in France which produces in addi- 
tion apparatus for the sterilization of 
water, milk, etc., by the application of 
ultra-violet rays; the Pittsburgh Meter 
Company, manufacturers of water and 
gas meters ; the Westinghouse Friction 
Draft-Gear Company ; the Westinghouse 
Traction Brake Company ; the East Pitts- 
burgh Improvement Company ; the 
Nernst Lamp Company; the Union 
Switch & Signal Company; the Traction 
& Power Securities Company, Ltd., of 
London, England, and the Clyde Valley 
Electrical Power Company, Ltd. 

Many unsolicited honors have come to 
Mr. Westinghouse. In 1874 the Franklin 
Institute of the State of Pennsylvania 
awarded him the Scott permium and 
medal for his improvements in air brakes ; 
he has received the decorations of the 
Legion of Honor, the Royal Crown of 
Italy, and the Order of Leopold of Bel- 
gium. In 1890 Union College conferred 

upon him the honorary degree of Doctor 
of Philosophy; in 1896 he was the second 
recipient of the John Fritz medal; in the 
same year he received the degree of Doc- 
tor of Engineering from the Koenigliche 
Technische Hochschule, Berlin; and in 
1912 he was awarded the Edison gold 
medal for his achievements in the intro- 
duction and development of the alternat- 
ing current system of distributing elec- 
trical energy. Mr. Westinghouse is an 
honorary member and past president of 
the American Society of Mechanical En- 
gineers ; an honorary member of the 
American Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science; an honorary member of 
the National Electric Light Association; 
the Royal Institution of Great Britain ; 
Academy of Political and Social Science 
in the City of New York; American 
Academy of Political and Social Science, 
Philadelphia; Franklin Institute; Amer- 
ican Association for the Conservation of 
Vision ; American Institute of Electrical 
Engineers; American Institute of Mining 
Engineers; American Society of Civil En- 
gineers; American Society of Automobile 
Engineers ; American Society of Naval 
Engineers (Associate) ; American Protec- 
tive Tariff League; American Museum of 
Natural History; Metropolitan Museum 
of Art, New York ; New York Botanical 
Garden; Pilgrims of the United States; 
Japan Society of New York; Pan-Amer- 
ican Society of United States; Automo- 
bile Club of America ; Chamber of Com- 
merce, New York; City Midday Club, 
New York; Economic Club, New York; 
Metropolitan Club, New York; Railroad 
Club, New York; Republican Club, New 
York; Sleepy Hollow Country Club, New 
York; Union League Club, New York; 
Country Club, Duquesne, Oakmont 
Country, Pittsburgh, University, Union, 
all of Pittsburgh ; Engineers' Club, Bos- 
ton, Massachusetts; Chevy Chase Club, 
Washington, D. C. ; Western Pennsyl- 
vania Exposition Society. 



Air. Westinghouse married, August 8, 
1867, in Brooklyn, New York, Marguerite 
Erskine Walker, and they are the par- 
ents of one son, George Westinghouse 
(3d). The unfailing sympathy and 
strong qualities of mind an'd heart pos- 
sessed by Mrs. Westinghouse are re- 
garded by her husband as having been 
important factors in his success. 

Strength — that is the impression invar- 
iably received in talking with George 
Westinghouse — strength dominated by 
keen mentality and by genius consecrated 
to the service of his fellow-men. "The 
Wizard of the Air Brake" has been the 
creator of an entirely new industry, and 
has immeasurably increased the wealth 
and prestige of his home city of Pitts- 
burgh. But he has done much more. 
The offspring of his genius has been the 
means of saving countless lives, and has 
caused multitudes to bless him as a bene- 
factor of humanity. 

LAMBERTON, Robert Alexander, 

Lawyer, Legislator, Educator. 

Among those men whose work for 
their generation is of the highest and 
most permanent value must necessarily 
be considered the great educators. The 
precious material in which they work is 
the most priceless treasure of the state, 
for the whole social fabric is built up 
upon those picked youths who pass out 
each year from the universities. Since 
this young manhood holds in its hands 
the nation's future, — all its hopes of a 
splendid progress and all its possibilities 
of a sordid retrogression, — great is the 
responsibility and the attendant honor of 
those men who worthily guide, instruct 
and inspire this vanguard of the future. 
Belonging to this limited class of men 
and carrying out its highest standards 
with the most generous and scrupulous 
spirit, Dr. Lamberton did nobly his part 
towards a generation of young men 

whose formative years were passed un- 
der his wholesome and stirring influence. 
He was born at Carlisle, Cumberland 
county, Pennsylvania, December 6, 1824, 
son of Major Robert Lamberton and 
Mary Harkness, his wife. Major Lam- 
berton served in the war of 1812 with 
Great Britain, and was a merchant and 
postmaster at Carlisle from 1808 to 1841 ; 
he was the son of General James Lam- 
berton, who was born near Londonderry, 
in the Province of Ulster, Ireland (where 
some of the family had removed from 
Ayrshire, Scotland, at the time of the 
persecution of the Covenanters), and 
landed at Philadelphia, September 20, 
1783, and settled in the Cumberland Val- 
ley, Pennsylvania, where another mem- 
ber of the family, John Lamberton, had 
settled before the Revolution. 

The family name of Lamberton is of 
pure Scottish origin, and, like the ancient 
surnames of Scotland, was territorial in 
its origin, being derived from the settle- 
ment in early times of a Saxon named 
Lambert, whose "tun" or town it became. 
The name arose about the time of the 
Norman Conquest (1066). The most 
famous of the name in ancient times was 
William de Lamberton, Bishop of St. 
Andrews, in Scotland, and the friend of 
King Robert Bruce, at whose coronation 
he assisted in 1306. 

Dr. Lambcrton's mother was the 
daughter of William Harkness (2nd), 
who entered the colonial service and 
served as ensign in the French and In- 
dian War and in the Revolutionary War, 
and was present at a number of engage- 
ments, Brandywine and Germantown 
being included. 

In early boyhood, Dr. Lamberton gave 
evidence of intellectual powers of high 
order and of the accompanying ambition 
that renders these powers of avail. He 
was graduated in his nineteenth year as 
valedictorian of his class, from Dickinson 
College, June, 1843. After leaving col- 


HKLCL<_<_<-^ML-* I 



lege he taught for two years, and then 
began the study of the law in the office 
of William M. Biddle, Esq., of Carlisle, 
and, having removed to Harrisburg in 
1846, completed his studies under James 
McCormick, Esq. His admission to the 
bars of Cumberland and Dauphin coun- 
ties, Pennsylvania, took place in August, 
1846. He was admitted to practice in 
the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, 
June 23, 1853, and in the Supreme Court 
of the United States on March 26, 1872. 
His work as a practitioner met such a 
measure of immediate success and gave 
such a promise of future growth, that a 
legal career of undoubted leadership was 
about to open for him. The breaking 
out of the Civil War called forth about 
this time the ardent men of the country, 
and Mr. Lamberton was among those 
who responded to the Nation's summons. 
In 1862 he enlisted in the First Regi- 
ment, Pennsylvania Militia, and was 
elected captain of the Brant Light 
Guards (Company E), receiving two 
days later the commission of lieutenant- 
colonel of the regiment. His record was 
one of great credit, for which apprecia- 
tion was shown by his being placed on 
Governor Curtin's staff at the time of 
Lee's invasion of the Cumberland Valley 
and Gettysburg in 1863. 

L T pon his return to civil life, Mr. Lam- 
berton resumed his interrupted practice, 
throwing himself with great ardor into 
the political questions of the day. In 
1873 he was elected as delegate-at-large 
on the Democratic ticket to the Pennsyl- 
vania Constitutional Convention. His 
work in that body showed marked abil- 
ity and a large and statesmanlike grasp 
of vital issues. He did excellent work 
on the important committees on execu- 
tive department and counties, townships, 
and boroughs. In the fall of 1874, when 
a lieutenant-governor of the state was 
first chosen (a Democrat being elected), 
he was urged to be a candidate, but de- 

clined. He was for many years counsel 
for the Philadelphia & Reading Railroad 
Company at Harrisburg, and in the Su- 
preme Court of the United States he 
argued for the company the "State 
Freight Tax Case," in which he main- 
tained that the tax was unconstitutional, 
and the Supreme Court so decided, re- 
versing the Supreme Court of Pennsyl- 
vania ; and in the "Gross Receipts Tax 
Case," which he argued for the same 
company, the Supreme Court of the 
United States then decided that the tax 
was constitutional, but it has since prac- 
tically reversed itself. 

Dr. Lamberton was a staunch church- 
man, serving as a vestryman of St. 
Stephen's Church and as superintendent 
of St. Paul's Mission, now St. Paul's 
Church, Harrisburg, for many years; 
and from the organization of the diocese 
in 1871 to 1891, a period of twenty years, 
he served as the secretary of the Di- 
ocesan Convention of the Episcopal 
Church in the Diocese of Central Penn- 
sylvania (now Bethlehem), and was one 
of its deputies to the General Convention 
of the Church until his death. 

The work of Mr. Lamberton in con- 
nection with secret societies showed his 
high ability as an executive officer. He 
was an enthusiastic Freemason, and was 
elected grand master of Masons in Penn- 
sylvania, serving from 1869 to 1871. He 
also served in the highest offices of the 
Odd Fellows, making for himself a rec- 
ord for leadership, being grand master 
in the year 1856-57, and a grand repre- 
sentative to the Sovereign Grand Lodge 
of the United States from i860 to 1876. 
He was the only person who had been 
grand master of both Masons and Odd 
Fellows in Pennsylvania. 

The qualifications of Mr. Lamberton 
as an executive officer of high ability and 
his brilliant attainments in scholarship 
attracted the notice of the board of trus- 
tees of Lehigh University, of which he 



had been a member since 1871, and a 
tender was made to him of the presidency 
of that institution in 1880. He accepted 
the offer, and became the president in 
March of that year; the University of 
Pennsylvania conferred upon him in the 
same year the degree of Doctor of Laws. 
For thirteen years Dr. Lamberton filled 
this post with signal success, his fidelity 
to the highest standards of personal and 
national conduct, his scholarship, and his 
enthusiastic devotion to the noblest in 
human nature in all its phases, combined 
to form a personality that through thou- 
sands of young men sends out, and still 
will send, influences of enduring signifi- 
cance to the American people. He devel- 
oped the fine material at his hand along 
new lines, causing an awakening and up- 
lifting in the affairs of the University 
and its personnel, as was shown in many 
ways. New buildings were constructed 
and new plans for betterment outlined 
and carried out. He inaugurated indeed 
a new era for Lehigh. 

The work of Dr. Lamberton was not 
confined to the institution over which he 
presided. He was a director of the Le- 
high Valley Railroad Company and of 
the Harrisburg Bridge Company, and a 
trustee of the estate of the late Asa 
Packer, a great benefactor of the uni- 
versity. He also served as a trustee of 
the State Lunatic Hospital at Harris- 
burg, Pennsylvania, of St. Luke's Hos- 
pital, and of the Bishopthorpe School for 
Young Ladies, at South Bethlehem, and 
of the General Theological Seminary, 
New York. He was one of the founders 
of the Harrisburg Hospital, and was for 
some years a prominent member of the 
School Board. In 1873 ne presented the 
first public drinking fountain to the city 
of Harrisburg, which was erected in 
front of the court house. He was a 
member of the Pennsylvania Society of 
the Sons of the Revolution, the Pennsyl- 
vania Scotch-Irish Society, and the His- 

torical Societies of Pennsylvania and of 
Dauphin County. 

He was one of the ablest lawyers in 
the state, clear and forceful in argument, 
and an eloquent and winning speaker; 
and as an executive and administrator he 
was very successful. A man of wide 
reading and culture, he was a brilliant 
conversationalist, and added to great 
natural ability a charm of manner which 
won him many friends, and attracted to 
him people in all walks of life. He died 
suddenly in the midst of a career of great 
usefulness, at South Bethlehem, Septem- 
ber 1, 1893, and was buried at Harris- 
burg, September 5th, after services in the 
University Chapel and at St. Stephen's 

Dr. Lamberton married, September 14, 
1852, Annie, daughter of the late William 
Buehler, of Harrisburg. The following 
children survived him: William B., a 
member of the Dauphin county bar, who 
died July 5, 1901 ; James M. ; and Nan- 
nie B., who married Rollin H. Wilbur, 
vice-president of the Lehigh Coal and 
Navigation Company. 

LAMBERTON, James McCormick, 

Lawyer, Masonic Writer. 

James McCormick Lamberton, son of 
the late Hon. Robert Alexander Lamber- 
ton, LL.D. (q. v.) and his wife, Annie 
(Buehler) Lamberton, was born in Har- 
risburg, Pennsylvania, May 21, 1856. He 
was named for his father's law preceptor 
and friend, James McCormick, Esq., one 
of the ablest lawyers of his day. 

On the side of his mother, who is the 
daughter of the late William Buehler, of 
Harrisburg, Mr. Lamberton is descended 
from Lieutenant Henry Buehler, who 
was an officer in the French and Indian 
Wars and the War of the Revolution, 
and whose father came in 1737 from the 
Rhenish province of Prussia and settled 
at Warwick (now Lititz), Pennsylvania; 



and from Nicholas Snider, who came to 
this country from Germany in 1755, and 
settled in Chambersburg, Pennsylvania. 

Mr. Lamberton received his early edu- 
cation at private schopls and at the Har- 
risburg Academy. He prepared for col- 
lege at St. Paul's School, Concord, New 
Hampshire, and entered Yale University 
in September, 1874, and was graduated 
with the class of 1878 with honors. 
After graduation and until 1881, he was 
a master in St. Paul's School, Concord, 
at the same time studying law under his 
father, upon whose motion he was on 
August 25, 1880, admitted to the bar of 
Dauphin county. He was admitted to 
practice in the Supreme Court of Penn- 
sylvania on June 3, 1884, on motion of 
the late Judge John H. Weiss, and, when 
the new United States Federal Court for 
the Middle District of Pennsylvania was 
organized, May 6, 1901, he was admitted 
to practice there. From 1881 to 1887 he 
practiced his profession in Harrisburg in 
partnership with his brother, the late 
William B. Lamberton, Esq. In Septem- 
ber, 1887, he again became a master in 
St. Paul's School, Concord, teaching his- 
tory chief!}, remaining there until June, 
1899, when he reopened his office in Har- 

lie was instrumental in securing in 
1900 the adoption in the local courts of 
the custom of the bar and all present 
rising at the opening of the court, and in 
obtaining and placing in Court Room 
No. 1, portraits of the late Judges Pear- 
son and Simonton, in 1903. He was also 
instrumental, in 1907, in securing the 
passage of a joint resolution by the State 
Legislature for the display of the State 
flag on the Capitol, and of resolutions 
for the display of both the National and 
State flags in the Senate and House of 
Representatives of Pennsylvania; both 
flags were placed in the Executive Cham- 
ber through his efforts. He was ap- 
pointed chairman of the committee se- 

lected by the mayor in 1907 to design a 
flag for the city of Harrisburg. By ap- 
pointment of Governor Pennypacker, he 
was a delegate to the National Confer- 
ence on Immigration, held in New York, 
December, 1905. 

He is a member of the American Bar 
Association, a charter member of the 
Pennsylvania Bar Association, and a 
member of the Dauphin County Bar As- 
sociation ; a member of the Society of 
Colonial Wars in the Commonwealth of 
Pennsylvania, the Pennsylvania Society 
of Sons of the Revolution, the Military 
Order of Foreign Wars, the Military Or- 
der of the Loyal Legion of the United 
States, the Pennsylvania Scotch-Irish 
Society, the Pennsylvania-German So- 
ciety, and the Pennsylvania Society of 
New York; the National Municipal 
League, the American Civic Association, 
the Civil Service Reform Association of 
Pennsylvania, the American Historical 
Association, the Historical Society of 
Pennsylvania, the Church History So- 
ciety ; for some years was treasurer, and 
since 1902 has been corresponding secre- 
tary, of the Historical Society of Dau- 
phin County, Pennsylvania, and chair- 
man of its committee on publication ; 
the Board of Trade, the Municipal 
League, and the Civic Club, of Harris- 
burg; for some years a member, and, 
since 1903, secretary, of the board of 
managers of the Harrisburg Hospital, 
secretary of the Harrisburg Training 
School for Nurses, a director of the Har- 
risburg Benevolent Association and of 
the Harrisburg Bridge Company; a 
charter member of the Harrisburg Club, 
and its secretary from its organization 
in 18S4 until 1887; a member of the 
Inglenook Club, the Country Club of 
Harrisburg, the University Club of 
Philadelphia, the University Club of New 
York, the Authors' Club of London, Eng- 
land, the Yale Alumni Association of 
Centra' Pennsylvania, and the standing 



committee of the Alumni Association of 
the St. Paul's School, Concord, New 

He is a member of Perseverance 
Lodge No. 2ij Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons, and of Perseverance Chapter No. 
21, Royal Arch Masons; an honorary 
member of the Lodge of King Solomon's 
Temple, No. 3464, England, and a mem- 
ber of the Correspondence Circles of the 
English literary lodges, Quatuor Cor- 
onati Lodge, No. 2076, of London, and 
the Lodge of Research, No. 2429, of 
Leicester, England; senior grand deacon, 
chairman of the committee on corre- 
spondence, and a life trustee of the 
Thomas R. Patton Memorial Charity 
Fund of the Grand Lodge of Pennsyl- 
vania. In 1895 he took a leading part in 
the revision of the "Ahiman Rezon," for 
which he received the thanks of the 
Grand Lodge. He is also a member of 
the Scottish Rite bodies in Harrisburg. 
He was first vice-president of the George 
Washington Masonic National Memorial 
Association, 1911-1913. 

In politics, he has been an independent 
Democrat, but favored the election of 
McKinley in 1896 and 1900, and of 
Roosevelt in 1904. In 1892, he was nom- 
inated, without being previously con- 
sulted, for the New Hampshire Legis- 
lature from the seventh ward of the city 
of Concord, a safe Republican ward, and 
was defeated, although he ran ahead of 
his ticket. 

He has made a number of scholastic, 
political and Masonic addresses. At the 
celebration on November 5, 1902, at 
the Masonic Temple, Philadelphia, by 
the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, of the 
Sesqui-centennial Anniversary of the In- 
itiation of Washington into the Masonic 
fraternity, he delivered the address on 
Washington as a Freemason, following 
President Roosevelt, who spoke on Free- 
masonry and Citizenship. The address 
on Washington as a Freemason was 

afterward repeated at Masonic Celebra- 
tions in Carnegie Alusic Hall, Pitts- 
burgh; the Dixie Theatre, Scranton; and 
the Masonic Hall, Harrisburg. He de- 
livered the address to the graduating 
class of the Harrisburg High School at 
Commencement, in 1904, and of the Har- 
risburg Academy in 1912. 

He has written "An Account of St. 
Paul's School," 1898, and, with the late 
Dr. William H. Egle, the "History of 
Perseverance Lodge No. 21, F. and A. 
M., Pennsylvania." He edited the Me- 
morial Volume of the Washington Ses- 
qui-centennial Celebration of November 
5, 1902, and the Memorial Volume of the 
Franklin Bicentenary, 1906, issued by the 
Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, F. and A. 
M., and writes its annual report on cor- 
respondence. He has compiled a "List 
of Special Acts of Assembly Relating to 
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania," and edited a 
"Digest of the Ordinances of the City of 

When the late John Addison Porter, 
Esq., became secretary to President 
McKinley, he resigned his position as 
secretary of the class of '78, Yale, and 
Mr. Lamberton -was elected his suc- 
cessor, and as class secretary prepared in 
1898 the Vicennial Record, and in 1904 
the Quarter-Centenary Record of the 
class, which latter was considered the 
most complete class history yet issued at 
Yale, and in recognition of his services 
he was presented by his classmates with 
a magnificent silver loving-cup ; and he 
issued, in 1909, a Tricennial Supplement. 
He was elected president of the Yale 
Association of Class Secretaries in 1905, 
and re-elected annually until 191 1, when 
he declined a further re-election. 

He is a member of the Protestant 
Episcopal church, and has been for years 
a vestryman and for more than eleven 
years was treasurer of St. Stephen's 
Church, Harrisburg, and one of its dele- 
gates to the Convention of the Diocese. 


He was a lay deputy from the Diocese 
of Central Pennsylvania (now Bethle- 
hem) to the General Convention at Bos- 
ton, in 1904; and was assistant secretary 
of the Convention of that Diocese in 
1887 and 1888. He was active in the 
organisation of the Diocese of Harris- 
burg, and was a lay deputy from that 
Diocese to the General Convention at 
Cincinnati, in 1910, when he secured the 
addition of page numbers to the table of 
contents in the Book of Common Prayer. 
He is a trustee of the Society for the 
Advancement of Christianity in Pennsyl- 
vania. He was president of the Church 
Club of Central Pennsylvania from its 
organization in 1902 until 1905, when he 
declined a re-election, and, later, vice- 
president of the Church Club of the Dio- 
cese of Harrisburg, and was the vice- 
president of the National Conference of 
Church Clubs in the United States, in 
1905- 1906, and its president in 1909-1910. 

MILLER, William Edward, 

Soldier, Merchant, Public Official. 

Among the most honored citizens of 
Carlisle, Pennsylvania, must be num- 
bered Captain William Edward Miller, 
who has been for more than forty years 
prominently identified with the indus- 
trial and financial interests of his com- 
munity. In his early manhood Captain 
Miller was one of those who rallied to 
the defense of the Union, and in later 
years he served his State with honor in 
positions of public trust. 

Christian Miller, founder of that branch 
of the family now represented by Cap- 
tain William Edward Miller, of Carlisle, 
came in 1730 from Germany, landing in 
Philadelphia from the ship "Joyce," No- 
vember 30 of that year. He was accom- 
panied by his wife, Anna Margaret, and 
their three children: Andrew, mentioned 
below ; Anlis ; and Anna Barbara. 

Andrew, son of Christian and Anna 

Margaret Miller, was a pioneer of that 
part of Lancaster county which has since 
been erected into Lebanon, receiving a 
warrant for land within its limits as early 
as 1743. During the French and Indian 
wars he served as a lieutenant in Captain 
Matthew Dill's company, Colonel Benja- 
min Chambers' regiment. He married, 
November 5, 1738, Margaret Funk, and 
their children were : Abraham, mentioned 
below; Jacob; Andrew; and Christina. 
Andrew Miller died in 1754, and his 
widow married Christian Burkholder. 

Abraham, son of Andrew and Mar- 
garet (Funk) Miller, inherited the 
greater portion of his father's real estate, 
and in 1762 laid out upon it the town now 
known as Annville, six miles from the 
city of Lebanon, and known for many 
years by the name of Millerstown. 
About 1777, Abraham Miller moved to 
the banks of the Yellow Breeches, not 
far from Lisburn, Cumberland county. 
He married Rebecca, daughter of John 
Philip and Elizabeth Eprecht, of Harris- 
burg, and the following children were 
born to them: Joseph; AfJraham, men- 
tioned below; Isaac; Jacob; Andrew; 
John ; Philip, and Rebecca. Abraham 
Miller, the father, died in 1805, at an ad- 
vanced age. 

Abraham, son of Abraham and Re- 
becca (Eprecht) Miller, passed the 
greater part of his life near the place 
where his father settled in 1777. He 
operated a fulling-mill which had been 
built by his father, and which a few years 
ago was still in existence. In later years 
he moved to Mechanicsburg, and subse- 
quently to Abbottstown, Adams county, 
engaging in both places in mercantile 
business. He married (first) Catharine, 
daughter of Frederick Boyer, a Revolu- 
tionary soldier, son of Joseph and Mary 
Boyer, of York county; (second) Eliz- 
abeth Boyer, a sister of his first wife. 
His first marriage was without issue, and 
by his second wife he was the father of 


the following children: Joseph; An- 
drew G., mentioned below; Martin; 
John; Eliza; Catharine; and Daniel. 

Andrew G., son of Abraham and Eliz- 
abeth (Boyer) Miller, was born June 7, 
1811, in Allen township, Cumberland 
county, and followed at first the calling 
of a fuller, afterward engaging in differ- 
ent places in mercantile business. He 
was one of the organizers of the Farm- 
ers' and Mechanics' Bank at Shippens- 
burg, becoming first cashier and after- 
ward president. He was a potent factor 
in politics as well as in business, and in 
1868 was elected senator from the dis- 
trict then composed of Cumberland and 
York counties. He was a member of the 
Presbyterian church. Mr. Miller mar- 
ried Eleanor Umberger, whose ancestral 
record is appended to this sketch; the 
following were their children: William 
Edward, mentioned below; Mary Eliz- 
abeth, died in infancy; John Roberts; 
Sarah Eleanor; Henrietta M. ; and An- 
drew George. Mr. Miller died February 
14, 1880, at Shippensburg, where the lat- 
ter years of his life had been spent, and 
his widow passed away February 2, 1896, 
at Carlisle. 

Captain William Edward Miller, son 
of Andrew G. and Eleanor (Umberger) 
Miller, was born February 5, 1836, at 
West Hill, Cumberland county, and re- 
ceived his education in the schools of the 
neighborhood, meanwhile acting as as- 
sistant to his father on the farm. In 
August, 1861, he enlisted in Company 
H, Third Pennsylvania Cavalry, known 
as "Young's Kentucky Cavalry," the 
name being afterward changed to the 
Third Pennsylvania Cavalry. Upon the 
organization of the company, Mr. Miller 
was made second lieutenant. In the 
winter of 1861-62 his regiment was sta- 
tioned at Camp Marcy, Virginia, where 
it underwent a rigid course of training 
by Colonel W. W. Averill, a West Point 
graduate, and the following spring it was 

sent to Yorktown, where its mettle and 
discipline were put to a severe test. 
During the period of preparation for the 
capture of Richmond, Lieutenant Miller 
was detailed to ascertain and make maps 
of the roads which led to the James river, 
his duty leading him at times as much as 
twenty miles into the enemy's country. 
Lieutenant Miller's regiment led Gen- 
eral Hooker's advance across Antietam 
creek, and Company H, as a detail, drew 
the first fire of the enemy in that ever- 
memorable battle. For this daring ac- 
tion he was afterward promoted to the 
captaincy of his company over all the 
first lieutenants in the regiment. He 
took part in the battles of Brandy Sta- 
tion, Aldie, Middleburg, Upperville, Hay- 
market and Gettysburg. At Gettysburg, 
Captain Miller was in command of a 
squadron of four companies, and his ex- 
traordinary and most gallant conduct is 
thus described by Arthur L. Wagner, 
U. S. A., in his work on "Organization 
and Tactics": 

"In the great cavalry battle at Gettysburg, Cap- 
tain Miller, of the Third Pennsylvania Cavalry, 
seeing an opportunity to strike Wade Hampton's 
column in flank as it was charged in front by 
Custer, turned to his lieutenant with the remark : 
'I have been ordered to hold this position, but if 
you will back me in case I am court-martialed 
for disobedience, I will order a charge.' The 
charge was opportune and effective, and no men- 
tion of a court-martial was ever made. Its im- 
portance and the brilliancy of its execution were 
recognized by the government, and Captain Miller 
was awarded first a bronze, and later a gold 
medal, bearing the following inscription: 'The 
Congress to Captain W. E. Miller, Company H, 
Third Pennsylvania Cavalry, for gallantry at 
Gettysburg, July 3, 1863.'" 

At the close of the war Captain Miller 
engaged in the hardware business in 
Carlisle until 1898, in which year he was 
elected to the State senate from the dis- 
trict composed of Cumberland and 
Adams counties. During his term of 
service he had the honor of being his 
party's nominee for president pro tern. 
of the senate. Captain Miller has long 
been known as an uncompromising Dem- 



ocrat, and it, 1877 and 1888 served as 
chairman of the Democratic county com- 
mittee. In 1S78 he was a member of the 
Democratic State central committee. In 
1882 and 1883 he was elected chief 
burgess of Carlisle, and for twelve years 
was a member of the Carlisle Board of 
Health, serving four years as president 
of that body. He was at one time secre- 
tary of the Carlisle Board of Trade. 

In Grand Army circles Captain Miller 
has always been active and prominent, 
and was the first commander of Captain 
Colwell Post, No. 201. He is a member 
of the Loyal Legion of the United 
States, and has held various positions of 
trust. He is now secretary of the Ham- 
ilton Library Association of Carlisle, and 
is a local historian of some note, being 
the author of "Troops Occupying Car- 
lisle, July, 1863," and "Operations of the 
Union Cavalry on the Peninsula," in 
which some Cumberland county soldiers 
took part. 

Captain Miller married (first) Eliz- 
abeth Ann, daughter of John and Eliz- 
abeth (Henry) Hocker, of Hockersville, 
Penn township. Mrs. Miller died Sep- 
tember 8, 1859, leaving two daughters: 
Carrie Olivia Rankin, now the wife of 
George K. McCormick ; and Elizabeth, 
who died in infancy. Captain Miller 
married (second) June 25, 1868, Anna 
De Pui, daughter of J. S. Bush, of Tioga, 
Tioga county, Pennsylvania. Mrs. Mil- 
ler died August 4, 1894, leaving no chil- 
dren. She was a writer of acknowledged 
ability, a contributor to literary period- 
icals, and author of a book entitled "Who 
and What." 

A career like Captain Miller's renders 
comment needless. His record is its own 
eulogy — the record of a good citizen and 
a brave soldier. 

(The Umberger Line"). 

Henry Umberger, founder of the 

American branch of the family, was born 

in 1688, in Germany, and on August 28, 

1733, landed in Philadelphia from the 
ship "Hope." Michael, son of Henry 
Umberger, married, October 18, 1784, 
Rev. John Casper Stoever officiating, 
Anna Maria Rambler, of Tulpehocken. 
Adam, son of Michael and Anna Maria 
(Rambler) Umberger, married Mary 
Gertrude Vernon. David, son of Adam 
and Mary Gertrude (Vernon) Umberger, 
married Dorothy Maish, and lived in 
York county, Pennsylvania. Eleanor, 
daughter of David and Dorothy (Maish) 
Umberger, became the wife of Andrew 
G. Miller, as mentioned above. 

THOMAS, Robert H., 

Journalist, Publisher. 

Robert H. Thomas, junior, editor 
and publisher of the "Mechanicsburg 
Journal," Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania, 
comes of a sturdy ancestry, Welsh-Eng- 
lish on one side and Scotch-Irish on the 
other, a combination which has produced 
some of the finest minds of the present 

In paternal lines (Welsh-English) his 
great - great - great - grandmother, Ruth 
(Morton) Nicholson, was a sister of John 
Morton, one of the signers of the Declar- 
ation of Independence. In the next gen- 
eration, Mr. Thomas's great-great-grand- 
mother, Ruth (Nicholson) Harper, lost 
her birthright in the Quaker meeting be- 
cause of her marriage with Edward 
Harper, an officer in the British army, 
and a Church of England man. Elisha 
Thomas, great-great-grandfather of Rob- 
ert H. Thomas, junior, married Ann 
Wain, a sister-in-law of Thomas Mifflin, 
governor of Pennsylvania in 1790, and 
through this union became connected 
with some of the minor affairs of State. 
Robert, son of Elisha and Ann (Wain) 
Thomas, was born October 4, 1777, five 
miles from Germantown, the day being 
the ever-memorable one of the battle be- 
tween the Continental army under Gen- 


eral Washington and the opposing force 
commanded by General Howe. 

Edward H., son of Robert Thomas, was 
born in Philadelphia. Losing his father 
when a mere boy, he was obliged to de- 
pend upon himself for his education, the 
widowed mother having all she could 
do to care for the physical needs 
of the family, even with the aid of the 
older boys ; consequently young Edward 
gained the substantial part of his fine 
education by burning the midnight oil. 
After his ordination he was placed in 
charge of a congregation at Lancaster 
City, later coming to Mechanicsburg and 
taking charge of the Church of God. He 
married Charlotte Ann, daughter of An- 
drew Nelson, Esq., who belonged to a 
Scotch-Irish Presbyterian family in the 
North of Ireland. Rev. Mr. Thomas died 
in 1869. 

Robert H., son of Edward H. and 
Charlotte Ann (Nelson) Thomas, was 
born January 28, 1834, in Philadelphia, 
and received his education in the public 
schools of Lancaster city. When sixteen 
years old he decided to fit himself for 
future usefulness and independence, and 
apprenticed himself to learn the trade 
of house and sign painting, including wall 
decorating. This business he followed 
for some years during the summers, 
teaching school during the winters, but 
impaired health interrupted his busy life 
and warned him to engage in some other 
pursuit. He then turned his attention 
to merchandising, and in 1850 took up 
his abode in Mechanicsburg. 

During the Civil War Mr. Thomas be- 
came very prominent in his active sup- 
port of the Government, and he loyally 
served in a number of emergency regi- 
ments, resuming his duties at home as 
soon as the exigency which had called 
him to the front subsided. From 1862 
to 1866 he efficiently served as deputy 
collector of internal revenue for the Fif- 

teenth District of Pennsylvania. On 
June 30, 1863, he was appointed by Gov- 
ernor Curtin special aide-de-camp, with 
the rank of colonel, and was assigned 
to duty in the department commanded 
by General Smith, of Harrisburg. When 
the Confederate forces had been driven 
south of the Potomac, he resigned the 
position and returned to business pur- 
suits. General George H. Thomas, of 
Civil War fame, was his cousin twice re- 

In 1869 Colonel Thomas entered the 
newspaper field, purchasing the "Valley 
Democrat," and changing the name to 
the "Valley Independent." Two years 
later he purchased a rival paper, the 
"Cumberland Valley Journal," and con- 
solidated the papers and offices under the 
new title of the "Independent Journal." 
In the autumn of 1872 he began to 
espouse the cause of the Patrons of Hus- 
bandry, an agricultural order then com- 
ing into prominence in the State, and 
during the following summer he organ- 
ized a number of subordinate granges. 
Upon the organization of the State 
Grange, at Reading, in 1873, Colonel 
Thomas was elected secretary, a position 
he most capably held until 1896. On 
January 1, 1874, Colonel Thomas began 
the publication of the "Farmer's Friend 
and Grange Advocate," as the organ of 
the Patrons of Husbandry, an agricul- 
tural journal of high character and great 
literary merit. It has an immense cir- 
culation, not by any means confined to 
members of the Grange. Colonel Thomas 
had always been a man of progressive 
ideas and philanthropic instincts, and he 
became impressed with the feeling that 
there ought to be a better understanding 
between the farmers and manufacturers 
of the country. Accordingly, in 1874 he 
originated and organized the Inter-State 
Picnic Exhibition at Williams' Grove, 
Cumberland county. This venture proved 
very popular and has yearly increased 



in interest, becoming a very important 
movement through the agricultural re- 
gions of Cumberland county. 

Colonel Thomas, many times honored 
by his editorial associates, ever main- 
tained with them the most cordial rela- 
tions. He served as president of the 
State Editorial Association, and for some 
years was its secretary and treasurer. 
He was also one of the officers of the 
International Editorial Association, and 
its president at its convention in Galves- 
ton, Texas, in 1897. His influence was 
that of a broad-minded, thoughtful stu- 
deni of the great problems of the day. 
He was commissioned from the State 
of Pennsylvania to the World's Industrial 
and Cotton Centennial Exposition held 
at New Orleans in 18S4-85, and was like- 
wise appointed a commissioner to the 
American Exposition held in London, 
England, in May, 1887. Mrs. Thomas 
filled the position of lady commissioner 
in J884-S5 at New Orleans. Since 1851 
Colonel Thomas had been a Mason. He 
became in that year a member of the 
Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, and in 
1864 one of its officers, serving for thir- 
teen consecutive years as district deputy 
grand master, and as representative of 
his home lodge to the Grand Lodge for 
fifty years consecutively. 

Colonel Thomas married, in 1853, An- 
nette, daughter of Henry Kimmel, Esq., 
of one of the old and prominent families 
of the Cumberland Valley. Five chil- 
dren were bom of this union, three of 
whom died young; the survivors are: 
Robert II., mentioned below; and Estelle, 
wife of J. Irvin Steele, of Ashland, Penn- 
sylvania, a descendant of General Irvin, 
of Franklin county. During his long and 
useful career Colonel Thomas was inti- 
mately associated with the leading men 
of his State, and enjoyed in a marked 
degree their rt-spect and esteem. He 
died at Mechanicsburg, January 6, 1908. 

Robert II., Thomas, junior, son of Rob- 

ert H, and Annette (Kimmel) Thomas, 
was born January 19, 1861, in Mechanics- 
burg, and received his education in the 
public schools of his native place and in 
the Cumberland Valley Institute. He 
has spent all his days in the place of 
his birth, and it may be said that his 
entire career, from early boyhood to the 
present time, has been a period of con- 
tinuous business activity. LTpon leaving 
the school room in 1878, he entered the 
printing office, and both by study and 
practice learned thoroughly the details 
of his father's extensive business. With 
this knowledge and training he became 
business manager of the well-known 
Thomas Printing House, which exacting 
position he has successfully filled ever 
since. As his business has constantly 
brought him into contact with the ag- 
gressive minds that shape and direct mat- 
ters in the various spheres of life, he is 
generally well informed, and is possessed 
of a progressive and enterprising spirit. 
He has travelled much, mingling freely 
with the people, is naturally quick to 
observe, ready and accurate in speech, 
and a good judge of human nature. He 
is a clear and forcible writer, a good 
conversationalist, and holds high rank 
among the journalists of the State. He 
is a Republican and takes an active in- 
terest in local and State politics. Like 
his distinguished father, Mr. Thomas has 
long been prominent in Masonry, and 
has reached the thirty-second degree of 
the fraternity. He also belongs to the 
Knights of Pythias, and the Patriotic 
Order of Sons of America (Lodge No. 
164, of Mechanicsburg). He is an en- 
thusiastic fireman, and has been chief of 
the Mechanicsburg Fire Department. 
He is also identified with the Grange 
movement, and is general manager of the 
Grangers' Picnic Association, which 
holds annual exhibitions at Williams' 
Grove, Cumberland county. 

Mr. Thomas married, in January, 1891, 



Frances, only daughter of Ira D. and 
Ellen (Downs) Coover. Mrs. Thomas 
was born in Upper Allen township, and 
on the paternal side is descended from 
one of the oldest and most respected 
families of that part of the county. Her 
mother was a member of an old and 
prominent family of the Eastern Shore, 
Maryland. She has two brothers, Alfred 
D. and David R., both of whom reside 
in Arizona. Three children have been 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Thomas: Robert 
H. (3); Francis Edward; and Mary Es- 
telle — all are living. Mr. and Mrs. 
Thomas are members of the Methodist 
Episcopal church. 

For more than a century the name of 
Thomas has been synonymous with in- 
tellectual vigor, business enterprise and 
good citizenship. May the next genera- 
tion maintain the tradition! 

NORCROSS, Rev. George, 

Educator, Clergyman. 

The Reverend George Norcross, D. D., 
of Carlisle, Pennsylvania, for nearly half 
a century the devoted and deeply loved 
pastor of the Second Presbyterian Church 
in that city, belongs on his father's side 
to a family of English origin, while 
through his mother he is a descendant of 
Scotch-Irish ancestors. 

Abraham Norcross, great-grandfather 
of the Reverend George Norcross, was 
born in New Jersey, and in early man- 
hood settled at Milton, Pennsylvania, 
subsequently removing to the then new 
county of Erie, in the same State, where 
he passed the remainder of his life. He 
married Nancy Fleming, and their son 
John is mentioned below. 

John, son of Abraham and Nancy 
(Fleming) Norcross, was born in New 
Jersey, but grew to manhood on the 
banks of the Susquehanna river. He 
preceded his parents to Erie county, 
where he married Margaret McCann, 

who was born about 1790, in the North 
of Ireland. 

Hiram, eldest child of John and Mar- 
garet (McCann) Norcross, was born 
July 9, 1809, near the town of Erie. He 
continued to reside in that part of Penn- 
sylvania until 1844, when he removed to 
Monmouth, Illinois, where the latter part 
of his life was spent. During all his 
active years he followed agricultural pur- 
suits, and for nearly four decades was 
a ruling elder in the Presbyterian church. 
He married, June 1, 1837, Elizabeth, only 
daughter of Thomas and Sarah (Gibson) 
McClelland, of Crawford county, Penn- 
sylvania. Mrs. McClelland was the 
youngest daughter of Hugh Gibson, who 
was captured by the Indians in 1756, in 
Sherman's Valley, at the same time that 
his mother, the widow of David Gibson, 
was shot and scalped. The scene of this 
tragedy was Robinson's Fort, near the 
site of Centre Church, Perry county, 
Pennsylvania. Of the children born to 
Mr. and Mrs. Norcross the following 
lived to maturity: George, mentioned be- 
low; Hon. William Charles, a banker in 
Wichita, Kansas; Hiram Fleming, a 
lawyer, of Los Angeles, California; 
Isaiah, of Monmouth, Illinois; Thomas 
Rice, of Liberty, Nebraska ; and Sarah 
Gibson, deceased, wife of Henry Beck- 
with, of New London, Connecticut. The 
death of Hiram Norcross, the father of 
the family, occurred in 1879. 

George, eldest child of Hiram and 
Elizabeth (McClelland) Norcross, was 
born April 8, 1838, near Erie, Pennsyl- 
vania, and was six years old when his 
parents removed to Monmouth, Illinois, 
where he received his early education 
in the public schools and at the select 
school presided over by Mr. W. B. Jenks. 
He then entered McDonough College, at 
McComb, Illinois, passing thence to 
Monmouth College, where he graduated 
in the class of 1861. He then began his 
theological studies at the McCormick 




(Presbyterian) Theological Seminary, 
Chicago, and in his second year was given 
a professorship in Monmouth College. 
April 18, 1863, he was licensed to preach, 
and for seventeen months served as sup- 
ply of a church at North Henderson, Il- 
linois. In the autumn of 1864 he entered 
the Theological Seminary at Princeton, 
New Jersey, remaining one year, and at 
the end of that time received a call from 
his old church at North Henderson. On 
June 6, 1865, he was ordained and in- 
stalled as the pastor of those who had 
so greatly appreciated his services, and 
among whom his labors were signally 

In 1866 Dr. Norcross was called to the 
Presbyterian Church of Galesburg, Illi- 
nois, where he remained two years and 
a half, at the end of that time receiving 
a call from the Second Presbyterian 
Church of Carlisle, which he accepted, 
and in January, 1869, entered upon the 
duties of his pastorate. Under his leader- 
ship the work of the church flourished 
greatly, the membership being largely 
augmented. During his first year the 
manse was built, and during the second 
the old church edifice was torn down 
to make way for the present Gothic 
structure, which was dedicated on May 
29, 1873. 

In 1879 Princeton University con- 
ferred upon Dr. Norcross, in recognition 
of his literary attainments and faithful 
ministerial services, the degree of Doctor 
of Divinity. While devoting himself 
rigorously to the work of his own con- 
gregation, he was known, both as a min- 
ister and a citizen, as the friend of every 
reform. He gave much thought and 
labor to the temperance cause, and when 
the question of constitutional amend- 
ment in the interest of prohibition "was 
before the people in 1889 he addressed 
many public meetings in its behalf, and 
his famous "Ox Sermon," or "Our Re- 
sponsibility for the Drink Traffic," 

preached before the Presbytery, was 
printed and widely circulated. 

In 1886 the centennial anniversary of 
the Presbytery of Carlisle was cele- 
brated, and Dr. Norcross became the 
editor, compiler and in part the author 
of the publication entitled "The Cen- 
tennial Memorial of the Presbytery of 
Carlisle." The work consists of two 
volumes, and is a valuable historical and 
biographical review of the origin and 
growth of Presbyterianism in Southern 
Central Pennsylvania. As the result of 
this and other literary work Dr. Norcross 
was made a member of the American 
Society of Church History, the American 
Historical Association, and of the Scotch- 
Irish Society of America. In 1896, at 
the request of the committee of arrange- 
ments, Dr. Norcross prepared a paper 
on "The Scotch-Irish in the Cumberland 
Valley," which he read before the 
Eighth Scotch-Irish Congress in Harris- 
burg. In 1898 the General Assembly of 
the Presbyterian Church celebrated the 
two hundred and fiftieth anniversary of 
the Westminster Assembly which was 
convened by the Long Parliament of 
England in 1663. Dr. Norcross was re- 
quested to prepare a paper telling "The 
Story of the Westminster Assembly," 
which he delivered during the sessions 
of the General Assembly at Winona 
Lake, Indiana, in May, 1898. This paper 
was published in the volume, "West- 
minster Anniversary Addresses." In the 
autumn of 1899, Dr. Norcross was made 
moderator of the Presbyterian Synod at 
Erie, Pennsylvania. In 1877 he was an 
associate member of the first Pan-Pres- 
byterian Council held in Edinburgh, 
Scotland, and in 1899 was a member of 
the Seventh Council convened in Wash- 
ington, District of Columbia. He has 
represented the Presbytery of Carlisle 
four times in the General Assembly: in 
1871 at Chicago, in 1874 at St. Louis, in 
1885 at Cincinnati, and in 1895 at Pitts- 


burgh, serving in the last two assemblies 
as chairman of important standing com- 

A pastorate of thirty years' duration 
was remarkable in the history of Car- 
lisle, and the thirtieth anniversary of 
Dr. Norcross's devoted service in the 
Second Presbyterian Church was ap- 
propriately commemorated by the con- 
gregation. The celebration extended 
over two days — January 1-2, 1899 — and 
ministers and laymen participated with 
equal freedom in the interesting and 
memorable exercises. The sermons and 
historical addresses were published by 
the board of trustees in book form, under 
the title, "The Story of a Thirtieth Anni- 
versary," a volume which constitutes an 
important chapter in the history of this 
favored church, favored to the still 
greater extent of witnessing the fortieth 
anniversary of the union of pastor and 
people. On this occasion Dr. Norcross 
preached from the text, "Forty years in 
the Wilderness." He then withdrew 
from the arduous activities which, dur- 
ing this long period, had engrossed his 
time and thoughts, and has since been 
the honored pastor emeritus of his be- 
loved church, lending the aid of his long 
experience and mature wisdom to young 
men pursuing their theological studies. 

Dr. Norcross married, October 1, 1863, 
Mary Sophia Tracy, of Monmouth, 
Illinois, who died March 25, 1866. He 
married (second) April 22, 1867, at Gales- 
burg, Illinois, Louise (Jackson) Gale, 
daughter of Samuel Clinton Jackson, and 
widow of Major Josiah Gale, son of Rev. 
Dr. Gale, the founder of Galesburg. By 
his first marriage Dr. Norcross became 
the father of one child who died in in- 
fancy, and to his second union the fol- 
lowing children were born: Delia Jack- 
son, wife of Judge Carl Foster, of Bridge- 
port, Connecticut; George, who died at 
eight years of age; Elizabeth, wife of 
Henry M. Esterly, of Portland, Oregon; 

Mary Jackson, at home; and Louise Jack- 
son, wife of Francois Lucas. 

In 1877, after attending the sessions of 
the Pan-Presbyterian Council in Edin- 
burgh, Dr. Norcross and his wife made 
a tour of the continent, and in July, 1890, 
accompanied by his entire family, he 
again visited the Old World, spending 
seven months in Leipsic, and six months 
in travelling through Holland, Belgium, 
Switzerland, Germany, Austria, Italy and 
France, returning to this country in 
August, 1 89 1. 

After the strenuous and varied labors 
of many years Dr. Norcross is enjoying 
a well-earned season of repose among 
a people by whom he is revered and 
loved, and to whom he has ministered, 
both by precept and example, for nearly 
fifty years. 

BOYD, John Yeomans, 

Financier, Mining Engineer. 

John Yeomans Boyd, of Harrisburg, 
Pennsylvania, widely known as an astute 
and enterprising man of affairs, is a rep- 
resentative, on his father's side, of one 
of those old families whose records are 
interwoven with the history of Pennsyl- 
vania, while through his mother he is 
heir to the scholarly traditions of a New 
England ancestry. 

William and Thomas Boyd, progeni- 
tors of the Boyd family in America, came 
in 1732 from Armagh, Ireland, and set- 
tled in Chester county, Pennsylvania. 
Among their descendants was Brigade 
Chaplain Adam Boyd, who served in the 
patriot army of the Revolution, and was 
the first secretary of the North Carolina 
Society of the Cincinnati. 

John Cowen Boyd, grandfather of John 
Yeomans Boyd, of Harrisburg, was a 
partner and associate of Stephen Girard, 
and was one of the commissioners ap- 
pointed by the State of Pennsylvania to 
construct the canal from Columbia, 




Pennsylvania, to Chesapeake bay. He 
married, May 18, 1820, Hannah, daughter 
of General Daniel Montgomery and a 
descendant of General William Mont- 
gomery, a member of the Associators of 
Chester county, Pennsylvania, a body of 
patriotic citizens formed to resist the 
tyranny which the government of Great 
Britain attempted to establish in the 
Province of Pennsylvania. Later Gen- 
eral Montgomery was a delegate from 
Chester county to a convention of the 
people of the Province of Pennsylvania, 
called by the Philadelphia committee, 
January 2$, 1775, and he afterward 
served as one of the committee on ways 
and means for putting 4,500 men in the 
field. In 1779 he was elected a member 
of Assembly from Northumberland 
county, and in November, 1784, was 
elected by the Assembly a member of 
Congress. In 1785 General Montgomery 
was appointed Presiding Judge of 
Northumberland county. 

James, second son of John Cowen and 
Hannah (Montgomery) Boyd, was born 
September 23, 1831, at Danville, Penn- 
sylvania, where his early life was spent 
and where he received his education. At 
the age of eighteen he became a member 
of the engineering corps surveying the 
Shamokin & Pottsville railroad, and it 
was his association with this enterprise 
which opened the way for his entrance 
into a sphere of activity for which his 
talents peculiarly fitted him and in which 
he was destined to achieve distinguished 
success. Securing control of the product 
of several anthracite coal mines at 
Shamokin, he engaged in shipping the 
coal from Sunbury by canal, and in 1873, 
the business having grown to propor- 
tions of magnitude, he moved to Harris- 
burg. In that city, as senior member of 
the firms of James Boyd & Company, 
and Boyd, Stickney & Company, he con- 
ducted a large anthracite coal business, 
the scope of its operations extending 

from Philadelphia to Chicago and St. 

James Boyd married, in 1861, Louisa, 
daughter of Rev. John William Yeomans, 
D. D., a graduate of Williams College, 
class of 1824, and subsequently a stud- 
ent at Andover Theological Seminary. 
After leaving the seminary Dr. Yeomans 
helped to organize the Congregational 
church of North Adams, Massachusetts, 
and became its first pastor. He was then 
successively pastor of the First Congre- 
gational Church of Pittsfield and of the 
First Presbyterian Church of Trenton, 
New Jersey, and in 1841 was elected 
president of Lafayette College, Easton, 
Pennsylvania, an office which he held 
until 1844. The degree of Doctor of 
Divinity was conferred on him simul- 
taneously by Princeton University and 
Williams and Miami Colleges. In i860 
he was moderator of the General As- 
sembly of the Presbyterian Church. His 
death occurred in 1863 at Danville, Penn- 
sylvania. Mr. and Mrs. James Boyd 
were the parents of three children: John 
Yeomans, the immediate subject of this 
sketch ; Helen Montgomery, widow of 
A. P. L. Dull ; and Mary Letitia, wife of 
Henry B. McCormick. The death of Mr. 
Boyd, which occurred December 12, 1910, 
at Southern Pines, North Carolina, de- 
prived Harrisburg of one of her fore- 
most business men and most honored 

John Yeomans, son of James and 
Louisa (Yeomans) Boyd, was born Au- 
gust 19, 1862, at Danville, Pennsylvania, 
and received his preparatory education at 
Harrisburg Academy, afterward entering 
Princeton University and graduating in 
the class of 1884 with the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts. Immediately there- 
after Mr. Boyd threw himself into the 
arena of those activities for which he 
speedily proved himself most admirably 
adapted, associating himself with the 
large business interests of his father both 


in Harrisburg and Philadelphia. At the 
time of the dissolution of the two firms 
of which his father was a member, Mr. 
Boyd was closely identified with their 
management and had long since proved 
himself to have inherited in full measure 
the business ability which for more than 
a quarter of a century had been associated 
with the name of Boyd. Peculiarly 
adapted as he is for the administration 
of large affairs, this characteristic was 
recognized by Governor Stuart, who in 
January, 1908, appointed him a member 
of the Railroad Commission of Pennsyl- 
vania for a term of three years. At the 
expiration of his term Mr. Boyd declined 
a re-appointment. 

As a public-spirited citizen, taking the 
keenest interest in everything pertain- 
ing to the progress and well-being of 
the capital of Pennsylvania, no project 
which in his judgment is likely to ad- 
vance that end fails to receive Mr. Boyd's 
hearty cooperation. He is a member of 
the board of managers of the Harrisburg 
Hospital, and belongs to the board of 
trustees of the Harrisburg Academy. He 
is identified with the American Society 
of Mining Engineers and with the En- 
gineers' Club of Pennsylvania, and holds 
membership in the North Carolina So- 
ciety of the Cincinnati, the University 
Club of New York, the University Club 
of Philadelphia, the Ivy Club of Princeton 
University, and the Harrisburg Country 
Club. He is president of Princeton 
Alumni Association of Central Penn- 
sylvania, and holds the office of elder in 
the Pine Street Presbyterian Church. 

Mr. Boyd married, April 26, 1887, 
Eleanor Gilmore, only daughter of the 
late A. J, 11 err, for many years one of 
the leading lawyers of Harrisburg, and 
for a considerable period a member of 
the State senate, serving one term as 
president "pro tempore" of that body. 
Four children have been born to Mr. and 

Mrs. Boyd: James, Jackson Herr, 
Eleanor Gilmore, and Louisa Yeomans. 

KLEIN, Theodore Berghaus, 

Financier, Antiquarian, Writer. 

Theodore Berghaus Klein, president of 
the Historical Society of Dauphin 
county, and one of Harrisburg's most 
honored citizens, is of pure German- 
American lineage, both his parents hav- 
ing been descended from ancestors of 
that Teutonic stock which has so largely 
moulded the past and determined the 
future of the State of Pennsylvania. 

John B. Klein, father of Theodore 
Berghaus Klein, was born in 1806, and 
was a merchant, spending most of his 
life in Cumberland county, Pennsylvania. 
He married Eliza Henrietta Dorothy, 
born in 1808, daughter of Henry C. 
Berghaus. John B. Klein died at the 
early age of thirty-six, and his widow 
survived him more than sixty years, 
passing away in 1900, at the venerable 
age of ninety-two. 

Theodore Berghaus, son of John B. 
and Eliza Henrietta Dorothy (Berghaus) 
Klein, was born August 22, 1831, at New 
Cumberland, Cumberland county, Penn- 
sylvania, and received his primary edu- 
cation in the public schools and at the 
Harrisburg Military Academy, presided 
over by Captain Partridge. On leaving 
school he was apprenticed for four years 
to D. W. Gross, druggist, and at twenty- 
one, his time having expired, he went 
to Alabama and for one year was em- 
ployed in the drug business. On return- 
ing to Pennsylvania Mr. Klein joined an 
engineering corps commanded by Samuel 
W. Mifflin and appointed to make pre- 
liminary surveys for the extension of the 
Huntington & Broad Top railroad, and 
for carrying the Columbia and Octorora 
line as far as tidewater at Newcastle, 
Delaware. As assistant engineer Mr. 
Klein was engaged in the enlargement 


of the Union canal, completed in 1856, 
He remained in the service of the com- 
pany between five and six years, and in 
1857 became bookkeeper for the Paxton 
Iron Company, Harrisburg. 

In 1859, M f - Klein entered into a new 
sphere of activity, removing to Adams 
county, near Gettysburg, and there en- 
gaging in the lumber and coal business. 
Throughout the stormy scenes of the 
Civil War he remained in this vicinity, 
an eye-witness of much that forms one 
of the most thrilling episodes in our 
national history. In 1864 he returned to 
Harrisburg and shortly after reentered 
the service of the Union Canal Company 
at Lebanon, where he remained for sev- 
eral years. In 1875 he became cashier 
of the North Lebanon Savings Bank. 
His next removal was to North Anville 
township, Lebanon county, where he cul- 
tivated a farm and operated a forge and 
flour mill, thus returning to the active 
outdoor life of former years. One of 
the most conspicuous and noteworthy 
traits in Mr. Klein's character has always 
been the facility with which he was able 
to turn from one occupation to another, 
apparently possessing equal equipment 
for all. In 1885 or 1886 he again re- 
turned to Harrisburg and to the duties 
and responsibilities of a financier, be- 
coming cashier for the Equitable Life 
Insurance Company, a position which he 
retained until 1888. In that year he re- 
ceived an appointment in the Depart- 
ment of Internal Affairs, and served 
under General Thomas J. Stewart until 
the close of the latter's term of office, 
later holding the same position during 
the two terms of General James W. 
Latta, and served four years as Deputy 
Secretary of Internal Affairs under Isaac 
B. Brown. Mr. Klein's service in the de- 
partment covered in all a period of 
twenty years. 

The penetrating insight, sound judg- 
ment and spirit of enterprise which have 

marked Mr. Klein's career as a business 
man have been conspicuous in his atti- 
tude toward public affairs. He has ever 
taken the keenest interest in all relating 
to the progress and well-being of his 
community, and no effort to secure it 
has at any time been wanting on his 
part. His political affiliations have al- 
ways been with the Republicans, and in 
1881 and 1883 he represented his con- 
stituents of Lebanon county in the 
legislature, to his own credit and to the 
satisfaction of his constituents. During 
the first session he served on the ju- 
diciary, banks, and city passenger rail- 
ways committees, and during the second 
was on those on education, corporations, 
libraries and agriculture. 

During the last five years Mr. Klein 
has led a retired life, devoting his leisure 
to the indulgence of his literary tastes 
and to the exercise of those gifts as a 
writer from which he has been debarred 
by the strenuous activities of half a cen- 
tury. He has compiled an account of the 
system of internal improvements of the 
State of Pennsylvania. He is also the 
compiler of a pamphlet of selections from 
the songs of long ago. As president of 
the Historical Society of Dauphin 
county, Mr. Klein finds congenial oc- 
cupation, and is fitted to render most 
valuable service. He belongs to the 
Pennsylvania German Society, and is a 
member of Bethlehem (Lutheran) 

Mr. Klein married, in 1859, Elizabeth 
Rebecca Frazer, who died in 1864, leav- 
ing four children : Samuel Frazer, since 
deceased; Luther Ross; Eliza Rebecca; 
and George Berghaus. In 1866, Mr. 
Klein married (second) Eva Margaretta 
Roedel, and the following children were 
born to them : Anna Margaret ; Jessie 
Roedel ; and Jacob Roedel, now deceased. 
Mrs. Klein died in 1872, and in 1889 Mr. 
Klein married (third) Esther A., 
daughter of Daniel Shellenberger. 



Few men have touched life at as many 
points as has Mr. Klein. As engineer, 
business man, legislator, scholar and 
author, his career has been one of high- 
minded endeavor and honorable achieve- 
ment — a career which in its entirety is 
perhaps best described in the simple but 
most expressive phrase, "a well-rounded 

COLEMAN, George D., 

Iron Master, Public Benefactor. 

The Brock and Coleman families have 
been for generations prominent in the 
business life of Pennsylvania, being inti- 
mately connected with the iron manu- 
facturing industry. They have also been 
prominent in social circles and liberal 
supporters of religious and philanthropic 
enterprises for the good of their fellow- 
men. This record begins with John 
Penn Brock, a brave officer of the Mexi- 
can War. 

John Penn Brock, son of John and 
Catherine (Egert) Brock, was born in 
Philadelphia, December 27, 1823; died at 
Lebanon, Pennsylvania, July 3, 1881. He 
received his primary education in public 
schools of his native city, and entered 
the University of Pennsylvania in 1839; 
was a member of the Zelosophic Society 
there and was graduated with the de- 
gree of A. M., class of 1843. He studied 
law in the office of Horace Binney, and 
was admitted to the Philadelphia Bar. 
He enlisted in the United States Army 
during the war with Mexico, and June 
2t, 1848, was commissioned Second Lieu- 
tenant in the Eleventh Regiment United 
States Infantry and served until mus- 
tered out with his regiment, August 15, 
1848, at the close of the war. 

He married, May 20, 1846, Julia Watts, 
daughter of Robert Coleman Hall, of 
Muncy Farms, Lycoming county, Penn- 
sylvania, by his wife Sarah, daughter of 
David Watts, of Carlisle, Cumberland 

county, Pennsylvania, a distinguished 
member of the bar in both Cumberland 
and Northumberland counties. Children 
of John Penn and Julia Watts (Hall) 
Brock: 1. Ella, born August, 1840, in 
Philadelphia; married, February 10, 1872, 
Dr. Wharton Sinkler, deceased, of 1606 
Walnut street, Philadelphia, Pennsyl- 
vania, son of Charles Sinkler, of Eutaw, 
South Carolina, later of Philadelphia, and 
his wife, Emily Wharton, of an eminent 
Philadelphia family. 2. Arthur, see for- 
ward. 3. Charles Hall, born May 12, 
1852, died February 18, 191 1. 4. Horace, 
born April 15, 1854; married Deborah 
Norris Coleman. 5. John William, born 
November 23, 1855; married Mary Lou- 
ise Tyler. 6. Julia Watts Hall, born May 
20, 1858; married Dr. Robert W. John- 
son. 7. Colonel Robert Coleman Hall, 
see forward. 8. Hubert, born March 28, 
1863, died November, 1896, unmarried. 

Arthur Brock, eldest son of John Penn 
and Julia Watts (Hall) Brock, was born 
in Philadelphia, November 8, 1850. He 
was educated at the private schools of 
Dr. Lyons and Dr. Faires in Philadelphia 
and at the Philadelphia Polytechnic 
School. On May 29, 1879, he married 
Sarah, daughter of Hon. George Daw- 
son Coleman by his wife, Deborah 
(Brown) Coleman, and in connection 
with his younger brother, Horace Brock, 
who had married Deborah Norris, an- 
other daughter of George Dawson Cole- 
man, succeeded his father-in-law in the 
management of the North Lebanon Fur- 
naces, erected by Mr. Coleman in 1846-47. 
The Brock Brothers relinquished the 
management of the furnaces at the death 
of the Widow Coleman in 1894, but Mr. 
Brock continued to hold large interests 
in iron and steel industries. He was 
chairman of the Board of Managers of 
the American Iron & Steel Manufactur- 
ing Company and connected with many 
financial and industrial enterprises. He 
was trustee of the Penn Mutual Life In- 



surance Company, director of the Fidelity 
Trust Company of Philadelphia, director 
of the First National Bank of Lebanon. 
He was a member of Union League, the 
Corinthian Yacht Club, the Protestant 
Episcopal Church and of other social and 
political organizations. He died Decem- 
ber 23, 1909. He married Sarah Cole- 
man, daughter of George Dawson and 
Deborah (Brown) Coleman, who sur- 
vives him, a resident of Philadelphia at 
No. 2101 Spruce street. Children: Julia 
Watts Hall, Fanny, Sarah Coleman, 
Ella, Elizabeth Norris. 

George Dawson Coleman, son of James 
and Harriet (Dawson) Coleman, was 
born in Elizabeth Farms, Lancaster 
county, Pennsylvania, January 13, 1825, 
died in Lebanon, Pennsylvania, Septem- 
ber 9, 1878. He received his primary and 
preparatory education in Lancaster, 
Pennsylvania, and under private tutors in 
Philadelphia; entered the college of New 
Jersey at Princeton, and later the college 
department of the University of Pennsyl- 
vania, where he received the degree of 
A. AI. in 1843. He was a member of the 
Philomathean Society at the University. 
In 1846, in connection with his brother 
Robert, he began the erection of the Leb- 
anon Furnaces, one mile northwest of 
Lebanon, and there first successfully used 
anthracite coal in connection with hot 
blast in the manufacture of iron in Feb- 
ruary, 1847. In 1857 Robert Coleman 
withdrew, and the business was continued 
by George Dawson Coleman until his 
death, in 1878, when he was succeeded in 
his management by his sons-in-law, 
Arthur and Horace Brock, and they in 
turn, after the death of the widow in 
1894, by B. Dawson and Edward R. Cole- 
man who operated the furnaces until 
1901, when they were purchased by the 
Pennsylvania Steel Company. George 
Dawson Coleman was one of the most 
successful and progressive iron masters 
of Pennsylvania. He was well and favor- 

ably known throughout the State as a 
public-spirited, enterprising citizen and 

During the Civil War he raised and 
equipped at his own expense the Ninety- 
third Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, 
following their career in the field with 
peculiar interest, and assisting the wid- 
ows and orphans of those who fell in the 
defense of the Union. He also devoted 
large sums to charity. He was an active 
member of the Sanitary Commission, and 
frequently superintended personally the 
delivery of stores on the battlefield. He 
was a member of the General Assembly 
of Pennsylvania 1863-64, and of the State 
Senate 1867-69. He was a member of the 
State Board of Public Charities from its 
organization in 1869 to his death, and 
many years president of the First Na- 
tional Bank of Lebanon. 

He took a deep interest in the religious 
welfare of those in his employ, building 
and supporting churches at both Eliza- 
beth and Lebanon Furnaces. Several 
years prior to his death he presented to 
St. Peter's Church of Philadelphia his 
grandfather's house at the corner of 
Front and Pine streets, and added a large 
contribution for arranging it for mission 
work. His whole life was an example of 
generosity and kindness of heart rarely 
equalled — no man in the community was 
more universally loved and respected. 

George Dawson Coleman married, Jan- 
uary 13, 1852, Deborah Brown, born 
August 15, 1832, daughter of William 
Brown, of Philadelphia, and his wife, 
Deborah (Norris) Brown. Six of their 
thirteen children died in their minority; 
those who reached adult years are Deb- 
orah Norris, who became the wife of 
Horace Brock ; Sarah, wife of Arthur 
Brock; Fanny; Harriet Dawson; B. 
Dawson and Edward R. Coleman, later 
proprietors of the Lebanon Furnaces; 
Anne Caroline. 




BROCK, Robert Coleman Hall, 

lawyer, Financier, Scientist. 

Colonel Robert Coleman Hall Brock, 
son of John Penn and Julia Watts (Hall) 
Brock, was born in Philadelphia, January 
26, 1861. His early education was ac- 
quired at Dr. Faires' School in Phila- 
delphia, and at St. Paul's "School, Con- 
cord, New Hampshire, under Dr. Henry 
A. Coit. He subsequently entered 
Worcester College, Oxford University, 
England, but was called home before re- 
ceiving his final degree by reason of the 
fatal illness of his father, who died soon 
after his arrival. 

He entered the law offices of Hon. 
George M. Dallas as a student at law, 
and later was admitted to the Phila- 
delphia bar. As a lawyer he took no 
active part in the courts, giving his at- 
tention more particularly to matters per- 
taining to the law of estates and corpora- 
tions, and the large financial enterprises 
in which he and his brothers were in- 
terested. In 1888 he became a member 
of the firm of W. H. Newbold, Son & 
Company, bankers, remaining in that firm 
until 1894, when he retired and traveled 
in Europe for several months to regain 
his impaired health. 

Inheriting from his father an ample 
estate, he was able to gratify his tastes 
for literary and scientific pursuits, and 
on his return from his European tour 
he became one of the most active and 
enthusiastic workers in the field of 
science. He had been a member of the 
Franklin Institute since 1889, his well- 
trained mind and active, almost restless, 
energy contributing greatly to the effi- 
ciency and usefulness of that institution. 
He was elected a member of the board 
of managers in 1901, and filled that posi- 
tion at the time of his decease. He was 
a member of the Historical Society of 
Pennsylvania from 1883; a member of 
the Philotechnic Society, and its presi- 

dent from 1886 to 1889; a member of the 
American Philosophical Society since 
1898; of the Archaeological Society of 
Pennsylvania from 1901, president 1903- 
1905, and vice-president at the time of 
his decease; made a member of the 
Philobiblion Society, 1903 ; became a 
stockholder of the Academy of Fine Arts, 
September 1, 1901, and a director in 1904; 
became a member of the Numismatic So- 
ciety, February 2, 1882; was a director 
of the Epileptic Hospital at Oakbourne, 
Philadelphia. He rarely missed the 
meetings of the managing boards of the 
institutions with which he was con- 
nected, was exceedingly useful in these 
organizations, and always ready by coun- 
sel, personal effort and liberal pecuniary 
contributions to alleviate want and suf- 
fering. He became a member of the 
Rittenhouse Club in 1890; the University 
Club in 1897; the Philadelphia Club in 
1898; the Union League, October 18, 
1905 ; and was a member of the Corinth- 
ian Yacht Club of Philadelphia, and the 
New York Yacht Club, being an expert 
master of the details of managing craft 
of all kinds. He was also an enthusiastic 
automobilist, making many extensive and 
interesting tours. He became a member 
of the Pennsylvania Society, Sons of the 
Revolution, May 4, 1901. He was also 
a member of the Art Club of New York 
several, years prior to his death. In 1904 
he was elected colonel of the Second Reg- 
iment, National Guard of Pennsylvania, 
and held that rank until his death. 

Colonel Brock died at Wynnewood, 
August 9, 1906, of a somewhat lingering 
illness, he having been unable to ac- 
company his regiment to the annual en- 
campment at Gettysburg for that year. 
At the meeting of the board of managers 
of the Franklin Institute, held September 
9, 1906, a committee was appointed to 
draft a suitable memorial to their de- 
ceased colleague, and their report was 
entered in the Journal of the Institute 


C-^r-r^- y ^^/fc&£t<— 


for December, 1906. After giving a 
sketch of the useful and active life of 
Colonel Brock, the memorial concludes 
with the following well-merited tribute 
to his worth: "liis courtesy and gentle- 
ness of manner were as remarkable as 
his extreme modesty and kindness of 
heart. He embodied the best type of a 
useful citizen — one whose brains and 
hands were always at the service of his 
fellows for worthy objects — and of the 
American gentleman, exemplifying in his 
own conduct how a large fortune could 
be worthily enjoyed and at the same time 
used for noble purposes." 

Colonel Brock married, April 23, 1884, 
Alice, daughter of Henry C. and Mary 
(Klett) Gibson, who survives him, and 
resides at 1612 Walnut street, Phila- 
delphia, Pennsylvania. Their issue is as 
follows: Alice Gibson, born June 23, 
1885; Henry Gibson, born November 23, 
1886; Robert Coleman Hall, Jr., born 
June 25, 1890, died November 22, 1900. 

MITCHELL, Ehrman Burkman, 

Lawyer, Public Official. 

Ehrman Burkman Mitchell, of Harris- 
burg, Pennsylvania, who has for more 
than a quarter of a century occupied 
a foremost place among the attorneys 
practicing at the Dauphin county bar, 
belongs to a family which for at least two 
generations has been represented in the 
legal profession of the State of Penn- 

William, son of Joseph and Elizabeth 
(Zearing) Mitchell, and father of Ehrman 
Burkman Mitchell, of Harrisburg, was 
born in that city, September 17, 1814. 
He received his early education in Dick- 
inson College preparatory school, and 
took a partial course in Dickinson Col- 
lege, where he studied civil engineering. 
He was for two terms prothonotary of 
the Court of Common Pleas and clerk 
of the Quarter Sessions of Dauphin 


county. He married, March 15, 1849, 
Angelia, daughter of Christian and Mary 
F. Ehrman, and the following children 
were born to them: Mary Augusta, who 
became the wife of Rev. S. Hubbard 
Hoover; William Sullivan; Ehrman 
Burkman, mentioned below; and Samuel 

Ehrman Burkman, son of William and 
Angelia (Ehrman) Mitchell, was born 
April 11, 1854, in Harrisburg, Pennsyl- 
vania, and received his early education 
in the public schools of his native city, 
afterward entering Dickinson College, 
whence he graduated in 1874 with the 
degree of Bachelor of Arts, subsequently 
receiving the master's degree. After 
completing his legal studies he was ad- 
mitted in 1875 to the Dauphin county 
bar, and immediately began practice in 
Harrisburg. He has since been ad- 
mitted to practice in the State and United 
States Supreme courts. In 1879 Mr. 
Mitchell was elected prothonotary for a 
term of three years, and so satisfactorily 
did he discharge the duties of the office 
that in 1882 he was reelected for an- 
other three years. In addition to per- 
forming the duties of prothonotary of the 
Court of Common Pleas, Mr. Mitchell 
also served as clerk of the Quarter Ses- 
sions Court. After the expiration of his 
second term he spent six months in 
Europe, and on his return resumed the 
practice of his profession, in which he 
has ever since been actively engaged. 

Mr. Mitchell is a member of the board 
of directors of the Harrisburg Light and 
Power Company, the Harrisburg Steam 
Heat and Power Company, and the 
Commonwealth Trust Company. He is 
a trustee of the Harrisburg Library As- 
sociation, and the Harrisburg Academy, 
and a member of the board of managers 
of the Harrisburg Hospital. 

Mr. Mitchell is also largely interested 
in farming, having acquired a thousand 
acres of land around his country home, 


Beaufort Lodge, a few miles north of 

In politics Mr. Mitchell is a Republi- 
can, and takes an active interest in the 
affairs of the organization. He is a mem- 
ber of the State and County Bar Asso- 
ciations. His fraternal and social affilia- 
tions are with the Masonic order and 
the Harrisburg Country Club. He is a 
member and trustee of Grace Methodist 
Episcopal Church. 

Mr. Mitchell married, in 1892, Regina, 
daughter of William Calder, of Harris- 
burg, Pennsylvania, and two children 
were born to them: Ehrman Burkman, 
junior; and Mary Calder. Mrs. Mitchell 
died in 1904. 

BIDDLE, Edward W., 

Lawyer, Jurist. 

Former Judge Edward W. Biddle, of 
Carlisle, Pennsylvania, is a descendant 
of William Biddle, who in 1681 settled 
in the Province of West Jersey and be- 
came a large landowner, Biddle Island, 
lying in the Delaware river and com- 
prising two hundred and seventy-eight 
acres, being one of his acquisitions. 
Colonel Frederick Watts, Judge Biddle's 
great-grandfather on the maternal side, 
was a prominent citizen and soldier of 
Pennsylvania during the Revolution, and 
a member of the Supreme Executive 
Council from October 20, 1787, until the 
abolition of that body by the constitu- 
tion of 1790. 

Edward W., son of Edward M. and 
Juliana (Watts) Biddle, was born May 
3, 1852, in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, and 
received his preparatory education in the 
public schools of his native borough, 
afterward entering Dickinson College, 
where he was graduated in 1870, the 
youngest member of his class. For sev- 
eral months thereafter he engaged in 
civil engineering, and later read law in 
the office of his cousin, William M. Pen- 

rose. In 1873 he was admitted to the 
bar and entered upon what has been, 
beyond doubt, an exceptionally success- 
ful career. In 1877 and again in 1883 he 
was unanimously nominated for the office 
of District Attorney of Cumberland 
county and, although not elected, ran 
much ahead of his ticket in both in- 
stances. In the fall of 1894 he was 
elected for a term of ten years President 
Judge of Cumberland county, and at the 
end of his term retired from professional 

As a public-spirited citizen, Judge 
Biddle has always taken a deep interest 
in municipal affairs, and in 1890 was one 
of the organizers of the Carlisle Land 
and Improvement Company, a body 
which purchased a large tract of land in 
the outlying districts and became a 
potent factor in the development of the 
borough. He is a director in the Fidelity 
and Deposit Company of Maryland, and 
was formerly connected with various 
other corporations from which he with- 
drew on his elevation to the bench. 

All that Judge Biddle has written for 
publication is distinguished by a style 
remarkable for strength and clearness, 
and he enjoys a high reputation as a 
forcible and convincing speaker. The 
public address which he delivered in 1902 
on "The Three Signers of the Declara- 
tion of Independence Who Were Mem- 
bers of the Cumberland County Bar," at- 
tracted widespread interest. He is presi- 
dent of the J. Herman Bosler Memorial 
Library, president of the board of trustees 
of Dickinson College, president of Todd 
Hospital, and vice-president of the Ham- 
ilton Library Association. He attends 
the Presbyterian church. 

On February 2, 1882, he married Ger- 
trude D., daughter of J. Herman and 
Mary J. (Kirk) Bosler, and they have 
been the parents of two sons: Herman 
Bosler, born April 14, 1883, died February 
17, 1908; and Edward MacFunn, born 



May 29, 1886, graduate of Yale in the 
class of 1906, also of the Law School of 
the University of Pennsylvania in the 
class of 1909. 

In 1900 Judge and Mrs. Biddle were 
appointed by Governor Stone commis- 
sioners from Pennsylvania to the Paris 
Exposition of that year, an appointment 
which they accepted, visiting the Ex- 
position in their official capacity. 

Both on the bench and at the bar 
Judge Biddle's learning and ability have 
been amply demonstrated, and his in- 
fluence and example, as a lawyer and a 
judge, no less than as a broad-minded 
man, have made for the elevation of pro- 
fessional standards and the cultivation of 
the spirit of good citizenship. 

BRINTON, Caleb S., 

Educator, Lawyer. 

Caleb S. Brinton, postmaster of Car- 
lisle, Pennsylvania, and one of the prom- 
inent attorneys now practicing at the 
Cumberland county bar, belongs on his 
father's side to one of the oldest families 
of Southern Pennsylvania, his maternal 
ancestors having also been pioneer set- 

There seems no reason to doubt, al- 
though absolute proof has not yet been 
furnished, that Caleb S. Brinton is a 
descendant of AVilliam Brinton, who in 
1684 landed at Newcastle, on the Dela- 
ware, coming, it is said, from Birming- 
ham, England. Instead of remaining in 
the settlement he pushed into the wilder- 
ness and made a home for himself on 
the Indian trail, twelve miles back from 
the river, where during the first winter 
of his stay he would have starved had 
not the Indians supplied him with game. 
The public records show that he subse- 
quently acquired a large amount of land 
in that vicinity, and was quite prominent 
as a citizen and a member of the Society 
of Friends. He had a son William, who 

was the father of four sons, from whom 
sprang the many Brintons now scattered 
over Chester, Lancaster, and Cumberland 
counties. Ever since their arrival in this 
country the Brintons have been known 
as a family remarkable for intellect, and 
distinguished by a spirit of progress, pos- 
sessing the courage of their convictions. 
The name of Caleb has come down 
through many generations, having been 
one of the distinctive marks of the lineage 
for more than two centuries and a 

Caleb Brinton, grandfather of Caleb S. 
Brinton, was born in Chester county, 
Pennsylvania, and resided for a time in 
Dauphin county, near Harrisburg. In 
1854 he came to East Pennsboro, Cum- 
berland county, and there for a period of 
ten years resided upon a farm owned by 
the late Richard J. Haldeman, just south 
from West Fairview. He married Lydia 
Alleman, and of their eight children, 
Martin, the eldest, is mentioned below. 

Martin, son of Caleb and Lydia (Alle- 
man) Brinton, was born February 22, 
1832, in Dauphin county, near Harris- 
burg, and received his education in the 
country district schools. His youth and 
young manhood were spent upon the 
farm, and at the time of his marriage he 
moved to the lower end of Hampden 
township, where he lived until 1868. In 
that year he purchased the estate which 
had been long known as the Bowman 
farm, situated on the south side of the 
Conedoguinet creek, in East Pennsboro. 
This land, of which he is still the owner, 
he cultivated continuously for thirty-four 
years. In 1892 he retired from agricul- 
tural labor and has since lived in Camp 
Hill borough. 

He married, in 1862, Nancy, daughter 
of Daniel and Lydia (Stoner) Dietz, and 
granddaughter of George Dietz. Daniel 
Dietz was a native of York county, he 
and his father having been born on the 
same farm. In 1837 Daniel Dietz pur- 




chased a farm in East Pennsboro town- 
ship which he made his home during the 
remainder of his life. His death oc- 
curred January 10, i860, and his widow, 
who, like himself, was a native of York 
county, passed away August 31, 1866. 
Mr. and Mrs. Brinton became the par- 
ents of the following children : Caleb S., 
mentioned below; John, a clerk in the 
Census Bureau, Washington, D. C. ; 
George, in the service of the Pennsyl- 
vania Railroad Company, at Harrisburg; 
Martin, in the insurance and real estate 
business, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania; 
Anna, married Charles L. Bowman, of 
Camp Hill ; and Christian, draughtsman 
with a manufacturing company in 

Caleb S., son of Martin and Nancy 
(Dietz) Brinton, was born August 20, 
1868, on the farm in East Pennsboro 
township, and attended the district school 
known as Brinton's School. He made 
rapid progress and in 1884 entered the 
Cumberland Valley State Normal School, 
graduating a year later from that institu- 
tion. He then taught for two years in 
the public schools of Cumberland county, 
and afterward for three years was prin- 
cipal of the Second Ward schools of 
Altoona. In 1886, in a competitive ex- 
amination, he won an appointment to the 
West Point Military Academy, but was 
forced to resign by reason of defective 
eyesight. He then prepared for college, 
graduating from Dickinson Seminary, 
and entered Bethany College, completing 
the course to the end of the junior year, 
when he was compelled to withdraw on 
account of his health. Subsequently he 
was elected to the chair of English litera- 
ture and history in the Normal School at 
Shippensburg, Pennsylvania, a position 
which he retained for three years. In 
1893 he entered the Dickinson School of 
Law, graduating in 1895, when he was 
admitted to the Cumberland county bar. 

He immediately entered upon the prac- 
tice of his profession at Carlisle, and 
shortly after was admitted to practice in 
the Supreme and Superior Courts of the 
State. He has since been engaged in a 
lucrative and steadily increasing law 

In politics Mr. Brinton is a Republi- 
can, being actively interested in the af- 
fairs of his party. In 1895 he was elected 
chairman of the Republican county com- 
mittee, and the campaign which followed 
resulted in the election of the entire Re- 
publican ticket, in a Democratic strong- 
hold. The following year Mr. Brinton 
was nominated for the legislature, but, 
through a split in his party and an in- 
dependent candidacy, was defeated by a 
very small majority. Though assidu- 
ously applying himself to the duties of 
his profession, Mr. Brinton is one of the 
active Republicans of the county. In 
1903 he was appointed postmaster at 
Carlisle, and was re-appointed by Presi- 
dent Taft. 

Possessing the characteristics of a 
true gentleman, Mr. Brinton, through- 
out his public career, has ever exercised 
uniform courtesy and absolute fairness 
toward his opponents, and has many 
warm friends, irrespective of party dis- 

Mr. Brinton married, July 10, 1896, 
Jean Elizabeth, daughter of John W. and 
Frances (Wagner) Gardiner, of Harris- 
burg. Mr. and Mrs. Brinton have a beau- 
tiful home on South Hanover street, 
and are members of St. John's Protes- 
tant Episcopal Church, in which Mr. 
Brinton holds the office of vestryman, 
and in the work of which he is deeply 

Both in law and in the sphere of poli- 
tics, Mr. Brinton has already accom- 
plished much, but his great ability and 
natural powers of leadership more than 
justify the belief that the future has large 
things in store for him. 




CAMPBELL, Edmond Ernest, 

Educator, College President. 

Dr. Edmond Ernest Campbell, presi- 
dent of Irving Female College, Me- 
chanicsburg, Pennsylvania, comes of 
scholarly lineage. He is a direct de- 
scendant of Rev. John Campbell, D. D., 
who was distinguished during the early 
days of the settlement of the Cumberland 
Valley as the inspirer of religious en- 
thusiasm and the honored and beloved 
rector of the first Protestant Episcopal 
churches at Carlisle and York. 

The Rev. John Francis Campbell, D. 
D., father of Dr. Edmond Ernest Camp- 
bell, was born February 17, 181 1, and 
was a son of Richard Cutler and Barbara 
Campbell, a native of Maryland. John 
Francis Campbell was for many years 
prominent in the Lutheran ministry 
throughout Pennsylvania, Maryland and 
Virginia. In 1S67 he was elected to the 
Lutheran church at Strasburg, Virginia. 
He married Martha Catherine Gatewood, 
a native of Newtown, Virginia, and the 
following children were born to them: 
Lucy W., wife of Albert Ash, of Front 
Royal, Virginia ; Rev. W. G., of Wood- 
stock, Virginia; R. L., on the homestead 
at Capon Road, Virginia; J. F., of Or- 
leans Cross Roads, West Virginia; 
Martha Evelyn, of Strasburg, Virginia; 
Edmond Ernest, mentioned below; 
Emma Virginia, and Annie E., both de- 
ceased ; and James H., a merchant at 
Tacoma Park, District of Columbia. Dr. 
John Francis Campbell died January 3, 
1892. The mental and moral qualities 
which he transmitted to his children have 
in large measure contributed to their suc- 
cess in life. The death of Mrs. Campbell 
occurred February 17, 1904. 

Dr. Edmond Ernest Campbell, son of 
John Francis and Martha Catherine 
(Gatewood) Campbell, was born January 
21, 1859, at Waynesboro, Pennsylvania, 
and received his preparatory education in 

excellent private schools, later entering 
Roanoke College, Salem, Virginia, and 
graduating in 1879 with the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts, his father receiving 
the degree of Doctor of Divinity from 
the same institution on the same day. 

Dr. Campbell at once began teaching 
in the graded and classical schools of 
Strasburg, Virginia, and in 1882 was 
elected to the chair of Latin and Mental 
Science in the Hagerstown Female Semi- 
nary, Hagerstown, Maryland. He next 
taught for two years the same studies at 
the Staunton (Virginia) Female Semi- 
nary, and for the following two years 
was principal of the educational depart- 
ment of the Tressler Orphans' Home, 
Loysville, Pennsylvania. July 1, 1891, 
he became president of Irving Female 
College. This institution was founded 
by the late Solomon P. Gorgas, who 
through life was liberal in his support 
of it. It was named in honor of Wash- 
ington Irving, the father of American 
literature, who showed his appreciation 
of the honor by presenting to the college 
a complete set of his works and by serv- 
ing as a trustee until his death. In 1856, 
Irving Hall was built, and in 1893, since 
Dr. Campbell became president, Colum- 
bian Hall was erected, the beautiful art 
studio and annex being completed in 
1900. This does not include all the im- 
provements which have taken place 
under the wise, careful and economical 
management of Dr. Campbell, additions 
having been made to the music and din- 
ing halls, and everything done which 
could increase the attractiveness of an 
institution situated among rarely beauti- 
ful surroundings. Since Dr. Campbell 
took charge the annual enrollment has 
steadily and continually increased. 
' In politics, Dr. Campbell has always 
adhered to the Democratic party. His 
fraternal affiliations are with the Knights 
of Malta, Royal Arcanum, Modern 
Woodmen and Maccabees. He is a 


trustee of the Orphans' Home, Loysville, 
Pennsylvania ; an elder in Zion Lutheran 
Church, Harrisburg, and teacher of a 
large Bible class. 

Dr. Campbell married (first), in 1887, 
Sarah Agnes, daughter of W. H. Zufall, 
of Meyersdale, Pennsylvania, and they 
became the parents of four children: 
Anna Catherine, a post-graduate of Bryn 
Mawr, and June, 1912, received her M. 
A. degree at Radcliffe; Emma N., a 
graduate of Irving College; Clara 
Evelyn, attending college; and William 
E., a student at Roanoke College, Vir- 
ginia. Mrs. Campbell died February 23, 
1896, and Dr. Campbell married (second) 
December 21, 1897, Grace, daughter of 
Rev. D. T. Koser, of Arendtsville, Penn- 
sylvania, becoming by this union the 
father of the following children: Paul; 
Grace Josephine; John Francis and Jane 

Dr. Campbell is a popular and highly 
esteemed citizen, and an educator whose 
fame extends far beyond the limits of his 
native State. 

GILBERT, Lyman D., 


Lyman D. Gilbert, of Harrisburg, 
former Deputy Attorney-General of the 
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and for 
more than a quarter of a century a 
leader of the bar of his native State, is a 
son of Henry and Harriet Gilbert, and 
was born August 17, 1845, i n the city 
which is now his home. He attended a 
primary school conducted in a building 
which stood in part upon the site now 
occupied by his residence, and finished his 
preparatory education at the Harrisburg 
Academy, under the direction of the late 
Professor Jacob F. Seiler, who graduated 
at Yale. Mr. Gilbert became a member 
of the class of 1865 of that university, in 
the early part of its sophomore term. 

After graduation Mr. Gilbert com- 

menced the study of law in his native 
city, in the office of Hon. John C. Kunkel, 
and on August 26, 1868, was admitted to 
the bar of Dauphin county. Soon after 
his entrance upon legal practice he 
formed a partnership with Hon. John B. 
McPherson, now United States District 
Judge for the Eastern District of Penn- 
sylvania, under the firm name of Gilbert 
& McPherson. Subsequently Hon. 
Wayne MacVeagh became a member of 
the firm, remaining such until his re- 
moval to Philadelphia. 

On March 21, 1873, Hon. Samuel E. 
Dimmick, then Attorney-General of the 
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, offered 
to Mr. Gilbert the position of Deputy 
Attorney-General, which the latter ac- 
cepted, filling the office for nine years, 
and serving the Commonwealth in that 
position during the two terms of Gov- 
ernor John F. Hartranft and part of the 
term of Governor Henry M. Hoyt. 
Being desirous of devoting himself ex- 
clusively to personal professional busi- 
ness, Mr. Gilbert twice tendered his resig- 
nation, which, in both instances, was de- 
clined. In 1882 Governor Hoyt tendered 
him the appointment of Law Judge of the 
courts of Dauphin county. This he re- 
fused, and when the offer of that position 
was accepted by his partner, Judge Mc- 
Pherson, Mr. Gilbert, for the third time, 
tendered his resignation. As the then 
Attorney-General, Hon. Henry W. 
Palmer, was unwilling to act upon it, 
Mr. Gilbert personally accepted it, and 
resumed his professional business, con- 
ducting it under his own name until the 
latter part of 18S2, when he formed a 
partnership under the firm name of Weiss 
& Gilbert, which continued until his 
partner, Hon. John H. Weiss, became a 
Law Judge of the courts of Dauphin 
county. Since that time Mr. Gilbert has 
conducted his legal business in his own 

During his term as Deputy Attorney- 


,7^,-v^ c^^Xjc^Ur^Jz- 


General Mr. Gilbert was engaged in the 
trial of all the important civil cases of 
the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, 
both in its own courts and in various 
courts of the United States, including the 
United States Supreme Court. In 1875 
Hon. Samuel E. Dimmick, then Attorney- 
General, died, and for more than two 
months, Mr. Gilbert, at the age of thirty 
years, alone conducted the business of 
the Attorney-General of Pennsylvania. 
His official service brought him into as- 
sociation with and in opposition to many 
of the leaders of the bar of Pennsylvania, 
whose names and services are part of the 
history of the United States. 

Mr. Gilbert has for many years been 
a solicitor of the Pennsylvania Railroad 
Company and of its affiliated corpora- 
tions, and of the Cumberland Valley 
Railroad Company and the Valley Trac- 
tion Company. He has also been at- 
torney for very many corporations, 
created by other states as well as by 
Pennsylvania. The Standard Oil Com- 
pany has been one of his clients. He has 
been the adviser of very many of the 
officers of the Commonwealth, and has 
been concerned in very many of the 
notable State litigations of the last thirty 
years. When the Military Court of In- 
quiry made its examination of the con- 
duct of Major M. A. Reno, in what is 
known as "the Custer Fight," Mr. Gil- 
bert was the counsel of Major Reno, and 
succeeded in acquitting his client of the 
charges made against his personal cour- 
age and military conduct. 

The practice of Mr. Gilbert has been 
diverse, important and profitable. He 
has repeatedly refused offers of legal 
partnership in Pittsburgh and in Phila- 
delphia, and declined a very important 
place in the office of the Attorney- 
General of the United States during the 
term of service of Hon. Wayne Mac- 
Veagh. He refused the office of Solicitor 
of the United States Treasurv tendered 

him during the administration of Presi- 
dent Harrison, and he has three times 
received and declined offers of appoint- 
ments to judgeships in Pennsylvania. 
When Hon. P. C. Knox was Attorney- 
General of the United States he paid Mr. 
Gilbert the compliment of offering him a 
high legal position, which was also de- 
clined. Various political appointments 
and preferments have been offered Mr. 
Gilbert, but, with two exceptions, have 
been invariably declined. He was a 
delegate-at-large to the Republican Na- 
tional Convention of 1892, and to the 
Conference on Combinations and Trusts 
held in Chicago in 1899. 

Mr. Gilbert has been president of the 
Pennsylvania State Bar Association, the 
Dauphin County Law Association, and 
the Yale Alumni Association of Central 
Pennsylvania. At present he is chairman 
of the board of managers of the Penn- 
sylvania Industrial Reformatory at 
Huntingdon, accepting and retaining 
that position because of his interest in 
the work of attempting to reform crim- 
inal offenders committed to the care of 
that institution. He belongs to a num- 
ber of clubs, both in his own city and 
elsewhere, but the one in whose member- 
ship he most delights is the Tourilli Fish 
and Game Club, of Canada, which he has 
been in the habit of annually visiting for 
about twenty years, in company with his 
friend, D. T. Watson, Esq., of the bar of 

Mr. Gilbert married, in 1888, Gabriella, 
daughter of George Cameron, of Peters- 
burg, Virginia. During six months of 
each year, Mr. and Mrs. Gilbert live in 
their Harrisburg home, on the banks of 
the Susquehanna river, spending the 
other half of the year at their country 
home, Fairfield House, on the southern 
side of the Cumberland Valley, in the 
midst of some of the most beautiful 
scenery to be found in Pennsylvania. 

Mr. Gilbert has faithfully served the 


Commonwealth, and for nearly half a 
century has ably upheld the traditional 
fame and honor of the bar of Pennsyl- 

DRAVO, John F., 

Financier, Coal Operator. 

Hon. John F. Dravo, who died at his 
home in Beaver, Pennsylvania, Septem- 
ber 30, 1905, ranked high as a prominent 
business man and public official in that 
place. His life story is one which is in- 
separably connected with the history of 
Bea\er county, and interwoven with the 
important events of its development. 
As a young man he was strong, vigor- 
ous and self-reliant. He trusted in his 
own ability and did things single-handed 
and alone. 1 1 is intellect was keen, his 
personality strong and forceful, he stood 
by his friends with all his might and to 
the last extremity. He was an infallible 
judge of human nature and the deserv- 
ing always received help from him. 

At West Newton, Westmoreland 
county, Pennsylvania, November 29, 
1819, occurred the birth of John F. 
Dravo, grandson of Anthony Dravo, who 
came to America from France in the lat- 
ter part of the eighteenth century, set- 
tling in the city of Pittsburgh, Pennsyl- 
vania, where he became the pioneer flor- 
ist of the city. Anthony Dravo, whose 
surname was originally spelled Drea- 
veau, was a close friend of the Mar- 
quis De Lussiere, for whom he was en- 
gaged in the capacity of florist on the 
latter's beautiful estates just outside of 
the city of Paris, France. In 1789, the 
year the Bastile fell, the Marquis, ac- 
companied by young Dravo, fled to 
America in order to escape the perils of 
the French Revolution. They settled in 
the Monongahela Valley, just opposite 
the mouth of Turtle creek and in full 
view of the place where Washington won 
fame as a soldier. There the French 

Marquis erected a beautiful home, which 
was named Hamilton Hall, and which is 
still standing. A few years later, in 1794, 
Anthony Dravo went to Pittsburgh, 
where he engaged in business as a flor- 
ist. His garden, just outside of Fort 
Pitt, occupied half of a square of what 
is now the central part of the city. In 
those early days he was authority on all 
things pertaining to flower and fruit cul- 
ture, and he won marked success in his 
particular line of business. During the 
period of his residence in Pittsburgh he 
was visited by a number of French 
friends, one of his callers being the Mar- 
quis De Lafayette. 

Michael Dravo, son of Anthony Dravo 
and father of him whose name forms the 
caption for this article, was born at 
Pittsburgh, where he was reared to adult 
age and educated. During a portion of 
his career he was interested in the coal 
business in his home city, and some 
years later removed with his family to 
Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania, 
whence he returned to Pittsburgh, where 
he and his wife, whose maiden name was 
Mary Fleming, passed away. 

John F. Dravo received a good com- 
mon-school education in West Newton 
and in Pittsburgh. He likewise at- 
tended Allegheny College for two years, 
and as a young man familiarized him- 
self with the details of the coal business 
in his father's office. In 1845 ne embarked 
in the coal business on his own account, 
and with the passage of time became a 
large operator, retaining his interest in 
that line of enterprise up to the time of his 
demise. In 1854 he founded the town of 
Dravosburg, Pennsylvania, which is now 
a thriving mining center. In 1868 he 
organized the Pittsburgh & Connellsville 
Gas, Coal and Coke Company, of which 
concern he became general manager and 
treasurer. In i860 he was honored by 
election to the office of president of the 
Pittsburgh Coal Exchange, which impor- 



tant office he held continuously for the 
ensuing ten years. He was an active 
factor in securing the organization of the 
Pittsburgh Chamber of Commerce, of 
which he was a charter member and for 
several years president. In addition to 
his numerous oilier interests he devoted 
a great deal of time to the improvement 
of navigation on the Ohio and Mononga- 
hela rivers, the latter of which was 
opened for transportation purposes in 
1897 largely as the result of his influence 
and efforts. He was actively connected 
with the building of the Pittsburgh & 
Lake Erie railroad, and served for a 
number of years on its board of di- 
rectors. When death called him he was 
secretary of the Pittsburgh Coal Ex- 

In his political convictions Mr. Dravo 
was aligned as a stalwart in the ranks 
of the Republican party, which he helped 
to organize in Pennsylvania and which 
he represented as a delegate in the Na- 
tional Convention that nominated Abra- 
ham Lincoln for the office of president 
of the United States. On two different 
occasion.^ he was incumbent of the of- 
fice of Collector of Customs and he like- 
wise served as Surveyor of the Port of 

In 1887 he was honored by his fellow 
citizens with election to the office of rep- 
resentative from Beaver county in the 
state legislature, and he was re-elected to 
that office in 1889. In religious matters 
he was a lifelong member of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal church, and for a number 
of years was a local preacher in the 
church. When death called him he was 
a member of the board of trustees of the 
church at Beaver. Deeply and sincerely 
interested in educational work, he was 
fcr a number of years president of the 
board of trustees of Beaver Female Col- 
lege, and was a member of the board of 
trustees at the time of his death. He was 

financially interested in a number of im- 
portant business concerns of local note, 
and at one time was a director in the 
Tradesman's National Bank and in the 
People's Insurance Company at Beaver. 

November 23, 1843, Mr. Dravo was 
united in marriage to Miss Eliza J. 
Clarke, a daughter of Samuel and Mar- 
garet (Moore) Clarke. To this union 
were born ten children, concerning 
whom the following brief data are here 
incorporated: Cassius is deceased; Mar- 
garet is the widow of Robert Wilson ; 
Josephine is the wife of J. H. McCreary, 
of Beaver; Mary E. is deceased, as are 
also Anna and Elizabeth ; John S. is en- 
gaged in business at Beaver; Lida is un- 
married, and maintains her home at Bea- 
ver; Etta is deceased. Mr. Dravo died 
September 30, 1905, at the age of eighty- 
six years, and his widow, who survived 
him less than a year, passed away June 
27, 1906. Both are buried in the Beaver 
cemetery. The Dravo family resided in 
a beautiful home on the banks of the 
Ohio river, at Beaver. The same was 
surrounded by extensive grounds and 
well kept gardens. 

There was a modesty and lack of all 
ostentation in Mr. Dravo's work as a 
benefactor. It is known that his ear 
was open to the cry of the poor. There 
is perhaps not a religious or philanthrop- 
ic organization in the county of Beaver 
that has not been aided by his liberality. 
In his giving, as in all affairs of his life, 
he had firm convictions of his own and 
acted in accord with them. It was his 
special delight to help the needy help 
themselves. Without breaking the seal 
of silence that was usually about his 
benefactions; it may be said of him, as 
has been said of another: "He added to 
the sum of human joy; and, were every- 
one to whom he did some loving service 
to bring a blossom to his grave, he would 
sleep beneath a wilderness of flowers." 


WILSON, Samuel B., 

Educator, Lawyer. 

As the years relentlessly mark the 
milestones on the pathway of time, the 
older generation slowly gives way to the 
new, and gradually there pass from our 
midst the men who made our country 
what it is and who were prominent 
factors in building up this Common- 
wealth for the men of now. In every 
generation and in every community 
some few men leave an indelible imprint 
upon the history of that community, and 
upon the memories of those who have 
known them, by their ability to fight and 
win even against great odds, and by that 
kind of character which wins lasting 
friends because of the innate quality 
which people know as loyalty. Samuel 
B. Wilson, who was summoned to the 
life eternal January 17, iS8y, was one of 

Samuel B. Wilson, formerly of Beaver, 
Pennsylvania, was born near Newcastle, 
this State, February 20, 1S24, a son of 
Patrick and Rebecca (Morehead) Wil- 
son, the former of whom was an agricul- 
turist during the major portion of his 
active career. Mr. and Mrs. Patrick 
Wilson were the parents of eight chil- 
dren, of whom the subject of this review 
was the seventh in order of birth. 

After completing the curriculum of 
the district schools near Newcastle, Law- 
rence county, Pennsylvania, Samuel B. 
Wilson pursued an academic course in 
Poland College, and subsequently was 
matriculated as a student in Jefferson 
College, Cannonsburg, Pennsylvania, in 
which excellent institution he was gradu- 
ated as a member of the class of 1848. 
Soon thereafter he was chosen principal 
of Darlington Academy, and continued 
incumbent of that position until the fall 
of 1849, when he went to Somerset, 
Pennsylvania, where he entered upon the 
study of law under the able preceptor- 

ship of Hon. Jeremiah S. Black, who al- 
ways remained his intimate friend. He 
was admitted to the Pennsylvania State 
bar in 1850, and immediately entered 
upon the active practice of his profession 
at Beaver, where he maintained his home 
during the residue of his lifetime. He 
succeeded in rapidly building up a large 
and influential clientage in Beaver 
count)', and was soon admitted to prac- 
tice in the Federal courts. His broad 
and comprehensive knowledge of the sci- 
ence of jurisprudence, and his unusual 
force and eloquence as a pleader and ex- 
pounder of the law, soon gained him dis- 
tinctive prestige as an attorney of 
decided ability. An orator of power, a 
keen lawyer, an acute logician, and 
withal a student of men, possessing a 
rare insight into their natures, Hon. 
Samuel B. Wilson was, indeed, a man of 
fine legal discrimination. His record at 
the bar and the honors which were be- 
stowed upon him stand proof of his 

April 12, 1854, Mr. Wilson was united 
in marriage to Miss Elizabeth Robinson, 
daughter of George and Mary (Onstott) 
Robinson, a pioneer family of Allegheny 
count)-, Pennsylvania. This union was 
blessed by four children: Sarah, de- 
ceased; Anna, wife of Dr. Alexander W. 
Whitehill, of Morgantown, Virginia; 
Mary, wife of George Davidson, of Bea- 
ver; and George, an attorney at Beaver. 

While a student in college, Mr. Wil- 
son was one of the founders of the Greek 
letter college fraternity, Phi Gamma 
Delta, and he was also one of the foun- 
ders of St. James Lodge, No. 457, Free 
and Accepted Masons, at Beaver and its 
first Worshipful Master. While he was 
never an office seeker and never asked 
the people for their votes, his law prac- 
tice being far too important to admit of 
such under ordinary circumstances, yet 
he was deeply interested in political mat- 
ters, and was a staunch advocate of the 



principles upheld by the Democratic 
party. In his religious faith he and his 
family were Presbyterians, and he was 
a liberal contributor to all charitable or- 
ganizations. He was broad-minded, 
kind-hearted, and ever ready to lend a 
helping hand 10 those less fortunately 
situated in life than himself. His death 
occurred January 17, 1889, at the age of 
sixty-five years, and his remains are in- 
terred in the cemetery at Beaver. His 
widow, who is a woman of most charm- 
ing personality, survives him and resides 
in Beaver. 

SIMPSON, William W., 

Physician, Lawyer, Manufacturing 

Dr. Simpson, in his professional serv- 
ice, has been prompted by a laudable am- 
bition for advancement as well as by 
deep sympathy and humanitarian princi- 
ples that urge him to put forth his best 
efforts in the alleviation of pain and suf- 
fering. He has gained recognition from 
the profession as one of its able repre- 
sentatives, and the trust reposed in him 
by the public is indicated by the liberal 
patronage awarded him. He is a resi- 
dent of New Brighton, Pennsylvania, 
where, in addition to his professional 
work, he is interested in a number of 
important financial enterprises. He is 
descended from a race of physicians, his 
father, grandfather, great-grandfather 
and many of hi.- ancestors having all been 
medical practitioners. 

A native son of New Brighton, Penn- 
sylvania, Dr. William Winfield Simpson 
was born July 27, 1874, son of Dr. Wil- 
liam C. and Mary (Braun) Simpson, 
both of whom were born and reared in 
Beaver count)-, this State. The father, 
who is now living in retirement at New 
Brighton, was engaged in the practice of 
medicine in this place for a period of 
thirty-seven years, and during that time 

gained and retained the unalloyed con- 
fidence and esteem of all with whom he 
came in contact. He is a Democrat in 
politics, and while he has never aspired 
for public office of any kind, he gives 
freely of his aid and influence in support 
of all measures projected for progress 
and improvement. He organized the 
New Brighton Board of Health and 
acted as its first president. He also or- 
ganized the first Building and Loan As- 
sociation in the city, and has long been 
interested in banking affairs here. He 
was a pioneer in promoting the brick 
manufacturing industry in Beaver Val- 
ley, and in every sense he is a represen- 
tative citizen whose loyalty and public 
spirit have ever been of the most insis- 
tent order. William Washington Simp- 
son, grandfather of the subject of this 
review, was the first member of the 
Simpson family to locate in Beaver 
county, whither he came from Washing- 
ton county. He was likewise a physician 
and surgeon, as was his father before 
him. The family is of staunch Scotch 
ancestry, and many representatives of 
the name in Scotland were famous doc- 

The first in order of birth in a family 
of five children, Dr. William Winfield 
Simpson was reared to maturity in New 
Brighton, where he attended the public 
schools to the age of sixteen years, when 
he became a student in Phillips Acad- 
emy, at Exeter, New Hampshire. In 
1893 he entered the Western University 
of Pennsylvania, at Pittsburgh, in the 
medical department of which institution 
he was graduated as a member of the 
class of 1896, duly receiving the degree 
of Doctor of Medicine. Immediately 
after graduating he initiated the active 
practice of his profession at New 
Brighton, where he has since maintained 
his home and where he controls a large 
and lucrative patronage. During his 
leisure time he has made a special study 


of the X-ray, and has met with unusual 
success in his treatments. In connection 
with his medical and surgical work he is 
a valued and appreciated member of the 
Beaver County Medical Society, the 
Pennsylvania State Medical Society and 
the American Medical Association. 

In 1912 Dr. Simpson organized the 
American Ointment Company, a concern 
that manufactures a pharmaceutical line 
of remedies. The plant is located at 
New Brighton, and the Doctor is presi- 
dent of the company. In politics he is 
an independent Democrat, and while he 
is deeply and sincerely interested in 
community affairs he does not partici- 
pate actively in local politics. He is a 
member and one of the promoters of the 
Beaver Valley Country Club, of which 
he was formerly first vice-president. His 
chief recreation is golf, and he spends a 
great deal of time on the local links. He 
was reared in the faith of the Presby- 
terian church, and while he is not for- 
mally connected with that denomination, 
he is a regular attendant in church, and 
is a liberal contributor to various chari- 
table organizations. 

October 2.2, 1907, was solemnized the 
marriage of Dr. Simpson to Miss Marian 
Pryde Woods, a daughter of C. G. and 
Julia (McKelvey) Woods, of Sewickley, 
Pennsylvania. Dr. and Mrs. Simpson 
are the parents of one son, William Win- 
field, Jr., whose birth occurred Febru- 
ary 28, 1909. The Simpson home is one 
of the attractive residences at New 
Brighton, and it is widely renowned as 
a center of refinement and most generous 

LANIUS, William Henry, 

Captain William Henry Lanius, sol- 
dier, banker, and for many years presi- 
dent of various corporate institutions of 
York, was born at Flushing, Long Isl- 


and, November 26, 1843, son ot Henry 
and Angeline (Miller) Lanius. His 
father's ancestors were prominent in the 
history of the Moravian church, and 
were among the earliest German settlers 
west of the Susquehanna. For several 
years they were active and influential in 
the affairs of the city and county of York, 
of which Captain Lanius has been one 
of the foremost citizens for nearly a 
third of a century. During the rapid 
growth and development of York in re- 
cent years he has lent his varied accom- 
plishments and best energies to advanc- 
ing every cause and enterprise intended 
to promote the public good and develop 
the resources and possibilities of the city 
of York. His mother's ancestors were 
of English and French-Huguenot de- 
scent, and first settled in the State of 
New York, residing on Long Island. His 
first American ancestor came to this 
country from Germany and settled in 
Eastern Pennsylvania about the year 
1731. This ancestor was Jacob Lanius, 
born at Meckenheim, in the Palatinate, 
Germany, May 12, 1708, who married, 
June 13, 1730, Julianna Kreamer, born in 
Eisenheim, January 2, 1712, and in 1731 
came to Philadelphia by way of Rotter- 
dam in the ship "Pennsylvania Mer- 
chant." Afterward he moved to Kreutz 
Creek, where his name is found among 
the taxables of Hellam township as pos- 
sessed of one hundred and fifty acres of 
land. In 1763 he moved to York, al- 
though, together with his wife, he had 
been connected with the Moravian church 
since 1752, and his name appears in the 
lengthy Latin document deposited in the 
cornerstone of the first church built in 
York in 1755. He died in York, March 1, 
1778. Henry, his fifth child, continued 
to live in Hellam township, where he 
died September 15, 1808. He was also 
connected with the Moravian church in 
York. His brother William came to 
York with his father, and formed part 


of the' guard that escorted the Conti- 
nental Congress on its return to Phila- 
delphia, June 27, 1778. 

Christian, the first child of Henry by 
his second wife, Elizabeth Kuenzly, of 
Mount joy, was born at Kreutz Creek, 
September 16, 1773, and baptized in the 
Moravian church. He was a wagon- 
maker by trade and resided in York, 
where by industry and thrift, combined 
with good business judgment, he accu- 
mulated considerable property and was 
highly respected as a public spirited citi- 
zen. He was prominent in the move- 
ment in 181 5 to introduce water into the 
borough, and was one of the first board 
of nine managers that met March 18, 
1816, for that purpose. In 1837 he was 
one of the organizers of the movement 
for the founding of the York County 
Savings Institution, now the York 
County National Bank, and was elected 
its first president, but declined to serve 
in that capacity. He married, September 
17, 1797, Anna, daughter of Jacob and 
Barbara Yon Updegraff, born in York, 
Pennsylvania, March 16, 1774. Chil- 
dren : Elizabeth, married Michael Smy- 
ser; Susan A., married Jacob Weiser; 
Benjamin ; Amelia, married John Fahne- 
stock ; Sarah, married Henry Kanffelt; 
Henry; Magdalen, married William D. 
Himes; Eleanora, married E. C. Park- 

Henry Lanius, father of Captain La- 
nius, was born September 20, 1809, at 
York, Pennsylvania, and died June 26, 
1879. For many years he was a promi- 
nent lumber merchant at York and 
Wrightsville, a business he continued 
until his retirement in 1871. Early in 
life he belonged to the Whig party, and 
in 1856 became one of the original Re- 
publicans in York county. He took an 
active part in the affairs of the borough, 
and served as chief burgess of York in 
1860-61, during the stirring years at the 
beginning of the Civil War. When the 

Columbia bridge was burned, June 28, 
1863, by the Union forces, to prevent the 
Confederates from crossing the river, the 
entire lumberyard of Henry Lanius was 
destroyed. It was a heavy loss and no 
damages were ever paid by the govern- 
ment. Mr. Lanius served several years 
as a member of the York Board of Edu- 
cation. He was an earnest, consistent 
member of the Moravian church, and 
possessed many excellent qualities of 
mind and heart. He married Angeline 
Miller. Children: Marcus C, deceased ; 
Anna L., deceased, married Thomas 
Mayers; Captain William Henry; Ellen 
A,; Rev. Charles C, deceased, late prin- 
cipal of the Moravian School at Naza- 
reth, Pennsylvania; Sarah F. ; Paul, a 
resident of Denver, Colorado ; and Susan 
H., deceased. 

Captain Lanius obtained his education 
in the private schools of York, and later 
entered the York County Academy, 
where he excelled as a student, acquir- 
ing a comprehensive education, and 
closely pursuing the study of the clas- 
sics. Pie spent several years in this in- 
stitution, during which time he took an 
active part in debating societies, then 
existing in the academy and the town of 

At the outbreak of the Civil War he 
was seventeen years of age. The enlist- 
ment of soldiers and the movement of 
troops to the front during the early 
months of the war aroused his military 
ardor, and he resolved to offer his serv- 
ices to his country. Different companies 
were being recruited in the town and 
throughout the county. Drums were 
beating in the streets, recruiting offices 
were open at various places in the town, 
and on August 25, 1861, William H. La- 
nius became a private in Company A 
(commanded by Captain James A. 
Stahle), 87th Regiment, Pennsylvania 
Volunteers, organized at York under 
command of Colonel George Hay, with 


John W. Sehall as lieutenant-colonel. 
Soon after his enlistment Private Lanius 
was promoted to orderly sergeant of 
Company I, which had been largely re- 
cruited at New Oxford and vicinity in 
Adams couniy. Sergeant Lanius served 
with his company and regiment on the 
marches over the mountains and through 
the valleys of West Virginia with the 
purpose of driving the Confederates from 
that region. After the close of the win- 
ter encampment at Winchester, Vir- 
ginia, he was promoted to second lieu- 
tenant of his company, being at that 
time the youngest commissioned officer 
of his regiment. Up to this time the 
87th had a romantic career, but had not 
taken part in any engagements. Their 
real experience as soldiers began June 
12, 1863, in a lively affair near Winches- 
ter, at Newtown, where the regiment dis- 
tinguished itself for bravery in a sharp 
conilict with the enemy. The 87th was 
in Milroy's command in this engagement. 
The defeat of the Union army at Chan- 
cellorsville induced General Lee to 
march northward on the eventful Gettys- 
burg campaign. In the attack upon Mil- 
roy's forces at Carter's Woods, a few 
miles east of Winchester, Lieutenant 
Lanius led his men in line of battle 
almost to the enemy's guns. Being over- 
powered by the large number of the op- 
posing forces, Milroy's division was 
driven back, and Lieutenant Lanius 
marched with that part of the regiment 
under Colonel Sehall that reached Har- 
per's Ferry. While stationed at this 
post he acted as adjutant of the regi- 
ment, which after the battle of Gettys- 
burg was placed in the Third Brigade, 
Third Division, Third Army Corps. 
During the summer and fall of 1863, 
Lieutenant Lanius participated with His 
company in the engagement at Manassas 
Gap, July 23 ; Bealton Station, October 
26; Kelly's Ford, November 7; and 
Brandy Station, November 8. During 

the absence of Captain Pfeiffer on divi- 
sion staff, Lieutenant Lanius commanded 
Company I in the engagement at Locust 
Grove, November 27. He was also in 
command of his company when the Third 
Division was to lead the assault on the 
Confederate works at Mine Run, Novem- 
ber 30, but, owing to the impregnable 
position of the enemy, the attack was not 
made. On December 7, while in winter 
quarters at Brandy Station, Virginia, he 
was promoted to first lieutenant, succeed- 
ing Anthony M. Martin, who had been 
made adjutant. When General Morris 
was wounded on May 9, 1864, at Spott- 
sylvania and Colonel Sehall succeeded to 
the command of the First Brigade, Third 
Division, Sixth Army Corps, in which 
the 87th was then serving, Lieutenant 
Lanius was placed on the brigade as an 
aide. When Colonel Truex, the senior 
officer, assumed command of the First 
Brigade, he was continued on the latter's 
staff, and was with the regiment and 
brigade in all the engagements of 
Crant's campaign of 1864, in the move- 
ment of the army from the Rapidan to 
Petersburg, including the battles of the 
Wilderness, Spottsylvania, Laurel Hill, 
Po River, North Anna, Tolopotomy, 
Cold Harbor and Weldon Railroad. He 
carried the orders along the line for the 
movements of the First Brigade at the 
opening charge of the enemy's works at 
Cold Harbor, June 1. When Captain 
Pfeiffer was killed at Cold Harbor, he 
was commissioned captain of Company 
I, on June 25, still retaining his position 
as aide on the brigade staff. 

During the summer of 1864, when 
Grant was laying siege to Petersburg 
and threatening Richmond, the capital of 
the Confederacy, Rickett's division of 
the Sixth Army Corps, in which the 
First Brigade served, was detached from 
the main army under Grant and sent to 
Frederick, Maryland, to meet a Confede- 
rate army of nearly 23,000 men under 



General Early, who was then threatening 
Washington. While leading the charge 
at Cold Harbor, Colonel Schall had been 
wounded and the regiment placed under 
the command of Lieutenant Colonel 
James A. Stahle. At the battle of Mo- 
nocacy, near Frederick, on July 9, this 
regiment fought with heroic valor. Cap- 
tain Lanius in this battle was serving on 
the staff of Colonel Truex, commanding 
the First Brigade, and was entrusted 
with the duty of carrying dispatches for 
the movement of troops into the fight. 
It was a hard fought battle in which 
Captain Lanius displayed both courage 
and daring. "In the afternoon of that 
day," says Colonel Stalde, in a descrip- 
tion of the battle, "when the Confede- 
rates were re-forming their line in a 
woods to our front, with the intention of 
turning our left, Captain Lanius came 
riding along our lines, bringing an order 
from General Lew Wallace for the 87th 
Pennsylvania and the 14th New Jersey 
to charge across a field and take position 
by the Thomas House." This charge 
was successfully executed, but soon 
afterward Captain Lanius, while passing 
through a shower of balls, was wounded 
in the arm, which disabled him for about 
two months, when, he returned to the 
regiment, then under Sheridan in the 
Shenandoah Valley, and took command 
of Company I, participating in the bat- 
tles of Opequon and Fishers Hill. 

The three years of service for which 
he had enlisted had now expired. He 
then returned with the regiment and was 
mustered out of service at York, Octo- 
ber 13, 1864. After Captain Lanius had 
received his honorable discharge from 
the army he was appointed an agent for 
a special bureau of the United States 
Treasury Department to receive and dis- 
pose of captured, abandoned and confis- 
cated property. On November 1st he 
began the performance of his duties by 
collecting rents on abandoned properties 

at Harper's Ferry, West Virginia. After 
remaining there a short time he opened 
an office at Winchester, where all per- 
sons living within the Union lines who 
desired to purchase supplies at govern- 
ment trade stores were required to get 
permits. After the permits had been 
granted, individuals receiving them pro- 
cured the supplies at the trade stores and 
obtained duplicate bills on which, when 
approved by the post provost marshal, 
the purchaser paid three per cent, of the 
face of the bill at the government office 
of Captain Lanius. He performed these 
important duties at Winchester until 
March, 1865, when he was appointed to 
a position in the Baltimore Custom 
House, where he remained for about a 
month, resigning to return to his home 
in York. 

Captain Lanius now entered upon his 
prosperous business career, engaging in 
the lumber trade at York, which he con- 
tinued for a period of seven years. From 
1871 to 1878 he carried on the same busi- 
ness at Wrightsville, and from 1880 to 
1886 he conducted a large wholesale lum- 
ber business at Williamsport. In 1884 
he organized the West End Improve- 
ment Company, a land company that 
opened up and developed the western 
part of York. In December, 1888, he 
was chosen president of the Baltimore & 
Harrisburg Railroad (Eastern exten- 
sion), a line built from York to Porters 
and later controlled by the Western 
Maryland railroad. This railroad, when 
opened for traffic in 1893, gave an im- 
portant impetus to the growth and de- 
velopment of York. The time of its 
completion dates a new era in the busi- 
ness and manufacturing interests of the 
city, for it enables competition with Bal- 
timore. A large number of industrial 
plants were at once established in York, 
and the financial institutions and busi- 
ness interests began to grow rapidly. 
Captain Lanius remained as president of 



the railroad from 1888 until 1906. Hav- 
ing long felt the need of rapid transit in 
York about the time it was to be incor- 
porated into a city, Captain Lanius or- 
ganized in 1886 the York Street Railway 
Company, of which he served as presi- 
dent and the active head until the vari- 
ous lines were constructed through the 
leading streets of the city. This project 
met with so much encouragement that in 
1900 the York County Traction Company 
was organized, which extended trolley 
lines to various centers of population in 
York county. He remained as the active 
promoter and head of this enterprising 
company until 1906, when its interests 
were disposed of to other parties. Cap- 
tain Lanius has been president of the 
York Trust Company since it was organ- 
ized through his efforts in 1890. This 
institution lias been a large and prosper- 
ous business, lie was the first president 
of the York Board of Trade in 1886, and 
is a trustee of the York County Acad- 
emy. He was one of the charter mem- 
bers of the York County Historical So- 
ciety, and has always lent his best ef- 
forts to promote the welfare of that insti- 
tution, of which he is a life member, 
trustee and president. In 1867 he was 
one of the charter members and became 
the first commander of Sedgwick Post, 
No. 37, Grand Army of the Republic, at 
York, and was its representative a num- 
ber of times at State and national en- 
campments. He is a member of the 
Loyal Legion and of the Masonic Order. 
In 1866, when he was twenty-two years 
of age, Captain Lanius organized the 
"Boys in Blue" at York. He represented 
this organization at the State convention 
held in Pittsburgh the same year. In 
that year also, General John W. Geary 
was nominated by the Republican party 
for governor of Pennsylvania. The 
State campaign opened at York by a 
parade of the "Boys in Blue" from Har- 
risburg, Carlisle, Lancaster, Reading and 

York. After the parade a public meet- 
ing was held in Baumgardner's Woods, 
a short distance southeast of the city. 
This meeting was presided over by Cap- 
tain Lanius and addressed by General 
Geary, Governor Curtin and other dis- 
tinguished men. Four thousand persons 
were fed at a table in the form of a hol- 
low square, it being the largest political 
meeting ever held in York county. For 
eight years Captain Lanius served in the 
borough and city councils of York, and 
in 1884 was a delegate to the Rupublican 
national convention which nominated 
James G. Blaine for president of the 
United States. He is a trustee of the 
York County Academy, just entering 
upon the one hundred and twenty-fifth 
year of its existence. 

The recital of his career fully justifies 
the assertion that he is a foremost citizen 
of the county and one in whom it may 
well take honest pride. 

YOUNG, Hiram, 


Our life as a nation has been largely 
moulded by men of the Fourth Estate — 
the great journalists whose names have 
passed into history, and among the ed- 
itors who have powerfully influenced the 
progress of Pennsylvania must be num- 
bered the late Hiram Young, founder of 
the "York Dispatch," a paper which for 
nearly forty years has held an undis- 
puted place among the leading journals 
of the Keystone State. 

Samuel Young, father of Hiram 
Young, was a native of Marietta, Penn- 
sylvania, and married Sarah Oberlin, 
daughter of Frederick and Maria (Sheaf- 
fer) Oberlin. Frederick Oberlin was a 
descendant of John Frederick Oberlin, 
of Strasburg, Germany, and his wife was 
a daughter of Henry Sheaffer and a 
granddaughter of Alexander Sheaffer, a 
native of the Palatinate, Germany, who 


emigrated in 1729 to the province of 
Pennsylvania and founded Sheaffers- 
town, Lebanon county. Henry Sheaffer 
bore a notable part in the struggle for 
independence, being commissioned in 
1776 captain of a company of soldiers 
from Lancaster county, and in 1777 as 
justice of the peace, administering the 
oath of allegiance to the United States 
government to four hundred people. In 
1783 he was commissioned by the State 
authorities captain of a military com- 
pany ; in 1785. when Dauphin county 
was erected, he was made one of the 
judges of its courts ; and under the con- 
stitution of 1790 for Dauphin county, to 
which Lebanon belonged, was commis- 
sioned an associate judge, an office he 
retained until his death, in 1803. 

Hiram, son of Samuel and Sarah 
(Oberlin) Young, was born May 14, 
1830, at Sheafferstown, Lebanon county, 
Pennsylvania, and in early childhood had 
the misfortune to lose his father. His 
boyhood was spent in the family of his 
grandfather, at Sheafferstown, where he 
obtained the basis of a good education, 
despite the fact that the village school 
of that day offered but meagre facilities. 
A mind like his could scarcely have 
failed to develop under the most unfavor- 
able circumstances, and his thirst for 
knowledge would have triumphed over 
every obstacle. At the age of fifteen he 
went to Lancaster, where he spent the 
ensuing four years as an apprentice to 
the saddler's trade. Here again his in- 
domitable intellectual energy asserted 
itself, causing him to devote his leisure 
hours to study and reading, thus acquir- 
ing a mental equipment which stood him 
in good stead in after years. After the 
completion of his apprenticeship, Mr. 
Young for a few months followed his 
trade, but ability and inclination alike 
prompted him to seek a wider field and 
more congenial employment, and in 1850 
he entered the service of a bookseller at 

Lancaster, pursuing meanwhile a course 
of study in the Lancaster high school. 
Later he became a clerk in the publish- 
ing house of Uriah Hunt & Sons, after- 
ward associating himself with J. B. Lip- 
pincott & Company, of Philadelphia. 
With the experience and capital thus ac- 
quired he returned to Lancaster and es- 
tablished himself in the book business, 
soon building up a large trade and later 
founding the firm of Murray, Young & 
Company. In 1860 he disposed of his 
interest in the concern and moved to 
York, where he opened a book store 
which he conducted until 1877. 

In 1863 Mr. Young entered the field in 
which he was destined to accomplish 
the great work of his life and to achieve 
enduring celebrity. In the autumn of 
that year Andrew G. Curtin was re- 
elected war governor of Pennsylvania, re- 
ceiving the enthusiastic advocacy of Mr. 
Young, who, during the presidential cam- 
paign of i860, had been a Douglas Demo- 
crat, but had become, after the election 
and the outbreak of the Civil War, an 
ardent supporter of President Lin- 
coln's administration. During the cam- 
paign which resulted in the re-election of 
Mr. Curtin, Mr. Young, in association 
with a number of other citizens of York, 
isstied a Republican paper called "The 
Democrat." This was the beginning of 
that wonderfully successful newspaper 
career which covered a period of nearly 
half a century. On June 7, 1864 — the 
day of the Republican National Conven- 
tion which met in Baltimore and nomi- 
nated Abraham Lincoln for his second 
term — Mr. Young, as publisher and ed- 
itor, issued at York the first number of 
the "True Democrat," an ardent Repub- 
lican paper, enthusiastically devoted to 
supporting the progress of the war and 
the Lincoln administration. Ably edited 
and admirably conducted, it became 
throughout the remainder of the conflict 
a power for the Federal cause, speedily 



acquiring an extremely extensive circula- 

In 1876 Mr. Young founded the "York 
Dispatch," the journal which was spe- 
cially destined to perpetuate his name 
and memory throughout his native State 
and far beyond its boundaries. For many 
year^ this paper, which is issued daily, 
has been a medium for the circulation of 
news in Southern Pennsylvania. In con- 
sequence of the rare talent, with which 
since its origin it has been conducted, it 
has failed not to keep pace with the most 
progressive methods of metropolitan 
journalism. In 1901 Mr. Young had his 
newspaper incorporated as the Dispatch 
Publishing Company, with himself and 
his four sons as the sole members. In 
1904 the Dispatch Publishing Company 
purchased the entire interests of the 
"York Daily," the oldest daily news- 
paper in the county, and during the same 
year the company bought a large and 
commodious building on Philadelphia 
street, fitting it up with all the modern 
improvements of an enterprising print- 
ing house. Meanwhile, the "True Dem- 
ocrat" had been changed to the "Weekly 
Dispatch," especially devoted to the 
agricultural interests of Southern Penn- 
sylvania. When the Dispatch Publish- 
ing Company purchased the "Ybrk 
Daily," the "York Weekly" and the 
"Weekly Dispatch" were discontinued, 
the entire attention of the printing house 
being denoted to the publication of the 
"Dispatch" and the "York Daily." The 
"Dispatch," which had attained a circu- 
lation second to that of no other paper 
in Central or Southern Pennsylvania, 
was also continued with increased en- 
ergy and constantly widening scope. At 
the present day these journals, under the 
editorial management of Edward S. 
Young, rank among the best and most 
progressive newspapers published in the 
Keystone State, the sons of their illustri- 

ous founder having inherited a full meas- 
ure of his genius. 

With the political life of his State Mr. 
Young was actively identified, not alone 
in his editorial capacity but as an in- 
tensely public-spirited citizen. In 1888 
he was nominated by the Republicans 
to represent the Congressional district 
composed of York, Cumberland and 
Adams counties, and, although defeated, 
received an encouraging vote. From 
1892 to 189G, under the Harrison admin- 
istration, he served as postmaster of 
York, being the first official in that posi- 
tion to occupy the new government build- 
ing in the city, and discharging the duties 
of the office with extreme thoroughness 
and efficiency. Mr. Young devoted much 
of his attention to agricultural subjects, 
being especially interested in the culture 
of leaf tobacco. He awakened public in- 
terest by organizing agricultural clubs, 
and did much to promote the welfare of 
the farming community, his knowledge 
of the financial history of the nation, to- 
gether with his half century's personal 
experience, rendering him an authority 
on the subjects of free trade and protec- 
tion. In 1890 Mr. Young represented the 
National Sheep and Wool Growers' As- 
sociation from Pennsylvania before the 
McKinley Ways and Means Committee 
in Congress, and again in 1896 before the 
committee which formed the Dingley 
Tariff Bill. In 1892 he furnished the 
National Republican Committee a table 
showing the imports, exports and bal- 
ance of trade for one hundred years, in- 
dicating the result of every administra- 
tion from Washington to Harrison, in 
order to demonstrate how greatly the 
nation's wealth is increased by protec- 
tion. For fourteen years he was a di- 
rector of the Pennsylvania Agricultural 
Society, and in 1900 was elected its presi- 
dent, also serving on the board of 
trustees of the State Agricultural Col- 
lege, near Bellefonte. In 1903 he was 



appointed by Governor Pennypacker one 
of the commissioners to represent Penn- 
sylvania at the Louisiana Purchase Ex- 
position at St. Louis. Mr. Young was a 
director of the Farmers' and Merchants' 
Bank of Red Lion, and held membership 
in the Pennsylvania Society of the Sons 
of the Revolution, the Pennsylvania 
German Historical Society, and the York 
County Historical Society. 

Personally, Mr. Young was a man who 
drew men to him. No one familiar with 
his striking presence, his open, manly 
countenance, strongly marked and yet in 
expression gentle and genial, can fail to 
realize how well his character was illus- 
trated by his appearance. Loyalty in 
friendship was one of his most distinct- 
ive traits, as was also perfect sincerity. 
The transparency of his own mind and 
motives rendered him intolerant of sub- 
terfuge or chicane, and in his denuncia- 
tion of these errors he was absolutely 
frank, and even impulsive, indulging in 
no preliminaries, but striking out straight 
from the shoulder, 

Mr. Young married, in 1857, Mary E., 
daughter of Philip Shreiner, a well 
known jeweler of Columbia, and they 
were the parents of five sons: Edward 
S., Charles P.. William, John and Wal- 
ter II . Mr. Young was a man of strong 
domestic affections, devoted to his fam- 
ily and delighting to entertain his 
friends. He possessed rare conversa- 
tional talents, and all who ever had the 
privilege of enjoying his hospitality 
cotdd testify that he was an incompar- 
able host. 

The death of Mr. Young, which oc- 
curred July 13, 1905, removed from York 
a man of strong intellectual endowments 
and inexhaustible charity and kindness 
of heart — a man so eminent in his career 
and exerting so great an influence that 
his name has became synonymous with 
that of the city with which he was identi- 
fied for nearly half a century. 

COPE, Roger, 


Roger Cope, of Beaver Falls, Pennsyl- 
vania, whose name occupies a conspicu- 
ous place on the roll of this Common- 
wealth's eminent lawyers, during almost 
a third of a century's connection with 
the bar of the State, has won and main- 
tained a reputation for ability that has 
given him just pre-eminence among his 
professional brethren. In the law, as in 
every other walk of life, success is large- 
ly the outcome of resolute purpose and 
unfaltering industry — qualities which are 
possessed in a large degree by Mr. Cope. 

The Cope family can be traced for 
nine generations in England, prior to the 
immigration to America of the original 
progenitor of the name in this country. 
Oliver Cope was born in Wiltshire, Eng- 
land, in 1647, and died at Naaman's 
Creek, Delaware, in 1697. He pur- 
chased a tract of two hundred and fifty 
acres of land of William Penn, Septem- 
ber 8, 1 681, and in 1683 took up land on 
Naaman's creek, Brandywine hundred, 
New Castle county, then in the "Terri- 
tories of Pennsylvania." now Delaware. 
He and his wife Rebecca, who died in 
1728, became the parents of four chil- 
dren, — William, Elizabeth, Ruth and 
John. Oliver Cope was a son of John, 
of Chisledon, parish of Wiltshire, who 
was buried at Marden church, October 
4, 1649; hi s w ' ie was Elizabeth, wdio was 
living in 1681. John was a son of John, 
who died June 12, 1656, and is buried in 
Marden church; his wife was Margaret, 
and she died March 10, 1670. John (I) 
was a son of Edward, of Brixton, Dever 
ill, Wiltshire, and of his wne Maud, 
who died in 1635. Edward was a son of 
Sir Anthony, of Bedhampton, Hants, and 
the latter was a son of Stephen, of the 
same place. Stephen was a son of Sir 
William, of Canwell county, Oxon ; he 
was buried at Banbury, in 1513. Sir 



William was a son of Alexander, whose 
father, William, was a son of John, of 
Denshanger, county North-Hants, sher- 
iff and member of parliament. John died 
in 1417. Jesse Cope, grandfather of him 
whose name forms the caption for this 
review and a lineal descendant of Oliver 
Cope, mentioned above, was one of 
seven brothers who removed from Penn- 
sylvania to Columbiana county, Ohio, in 
the year 1803, five other brothers settling 
in Fayette county, this stale. All the 
brothers were Quakers, and figured 
prominently in public affairs in their 
respective communities. During the 
summer seasons Jesse Cope devoted his 
attention to the cultivation of his farm, 
and in the winter months he was en- 
gaged in teaching school in Columbiana 
county. He was a famous educator in 
his da} r — rigid in discipline and thorough 
in instruction. The deeds to his land in 
Ohio were signed by Thomas Jefferson 
and countersigned by James Madison in 
1803, and they are still held in the Cope 
family. He was a man of great force of 
character and splendid intellect, and as 
a citizen he commanded the high regard 
of all with whom lie had dealings. 

Roger Cope was born in Fairfield 
township, Columbiana county, Ohio, De- 
cember 8, 1850, a son of Samuel D. and 
Alice (Rogers) Cope, both of whom 
passed the greater part of their lives in 
the Buckeye State, where the former 
died June 24, 1901, and the latter Janu- 
ary 22, 1864. Samuel D. Cope was en- 
gaged in agricultural pursuits in Fair- 
field township, Columbiana county, Ohio, 
during the period of his active career, 
and he, was honored by his fellow men 
for his sterling integrity of character and 
high moral principles. Mr. and Mrs. 
Cope became the parents of nine chil- 
dren, five of whom are living in 1912. 
Rufus Cope, a brother of Roger Cope, of 
this notice, died in Chicago, June 25, 
1910. He was a man of unusual intelli- 

gence and was distinguished both as a 
lawyer and as an author. 

Under the influence of the old home- 
stead farm in Ohio, Roger Cope was 
reared to adult age. As a youth he at- 
tended the district schools in his native 
place, and also Mount Union College, at 
Alliance, Ohio. For two years to 1877 
he was engaged in teaching school in 
Ohio, and in the fall of 1878 he was ma- 
triculated as a student in the University 
of Michigan, at Ann Arbor, in the law 
department, from which he was gradu- 
ated as a member of the class of 1881, 
duly receiving his degree of Bachelor of 

Laws. For t 

wo years prior to entering 

the university he had read law in the 
office of his brother Rufus, in Illinois, 
lie was admitted to the Michigan State 
bar in the city of Detroit in March, 1881, 
and to the Pennsylvania State bar in 
December, 1881. Fie began the active 
practice of his profession at Beaver 
Falls, and here he has resided for the 
past thirty-one years. During the long 
intervening years to the present time he 
has succeeded in building up an excel- 
lent practice for himself, and he has fig- 
ured prominently in some of the most 
important litigations in the State courts. 
In his political convictions he is a staunch 
supporter of the principles and policies 
for which the Republican party stands 
sponsor. He has never aspired to pub- 
lic office of any description, but at one 
time served for two y r ears as a member 
of the borough council of Beaver Falls. 
In early life he was a member of the Re- 
publican county committee. In con- 
nection with his law work he is a valued 
and appreciative member of the Beaver 
County Bar Association. 

June 28, 1894, he was married to Miss 
Mary C. Mercer, a daughter of Obid and 
Anna (McBride) Mercer, residents of 
Carroll county, Ohio. Mr. and Mrs. Cope 
have two daughters. Rue Alice and Eliza- 
beth C, both of whom are at the parental 



home. The Cope family attend the 
Christian church. In a fraternal way Mr. 
Cope is affiliated with the Knights of 


Electrical Engineer and Inventor. 

"A truly great life," says Webster, 
"when Heaven vouchsafes so rare a gift, 
is not a temporary flame, burning bright 
for a while and then expiring, giving 
place to returning darkness. It is rather 
a spark of fervent heat as well as radiant 
light, with power to enkindle the com- 
mon mass of human mind; so that when 
it glimmers in its own decay, and finally 
goes out in death, no night follows, but 
it leaves the world all light, all on fire, 
from the potent cuiitact of its own spirit." 

Oliver Blackburn Shallenberger, whose 
demise occurred January 23, 1898, was 
a man of unusual prominence in the field 
of electricity, in which he gained distinc- 
tive prestige as an inventive genius. Al- 
though a resident of Colorado Springs, 
Colorado, at the time when death called 
him, Mr. Shallenberger was a native of 
Beaver county, Pennsylvania, where he 
passed most of his lifetime and where his 
remains are interred. 

At Rochester, Pennsylvania, May 7, 
i860, occurred the birth of Oliver B. 
Shallenberger, who was a son of Aaron 
T. and Alary (Bonbright) Shallenberger, 
the former of whom was one of the lead- 
ing physicians and surgeons in Western 
Pennsylvania prior to his demise, in 1902, 
and the latter of whom is now a resident 
of RochesU-r. 1 )r. A. T. Shallenberger 
was a brother of Hon. W. S. Shallen- 
berger, formerly a member of Congress 
and later Second Assistant Postmaster 
General. On the maternal side, the sub- 
ject of this review is descended from the 
distinguished Bonbright family of 
Youngstown, Pennsylvania. 

To the public schools of Rochester 

and to Beaver College, Oliver B. Shal- 
lenberger was indebted for his prelimi- 
nary educational training, which dis- 
cipline was later supplemented by a 
course of study in the Naval Academy at 
Annapolis, which he entered as cadet en- 
gineer in 1877. Out of the one hundred 
and twenty-six candidates examined for 
admittance to the Naval Academy in that 
year but twenty-five were admitted, and 
Mr. Shallenberger entered at the head of 
his class. He maintained first place in 
his studies throughout the first year, but 
the work of his second and third years 
was seriously interfered with by an ac- 
cident resulting in a dislocated arm and 
a broken wrist and by impaired eyesight, 
which forced him to abandon night study. 
Nevertheless he held third place at the 
time of graduation. During the entire 
period of his course at Annapolis, Mr. 
Shallenberger devoted considerable at- 
tention to electricity and original experi- 
mental investigations, and after graduat- 
ing he took the customary two-years' 
cruise upon a government vessel. He 
was assigned to the United States flag- 
ship "Lancaster," and most of his time 
was spent in the Mediterranean, where 
he witnessed the bombardment of Alex- 
andria. Among his contemporaries at the 
Naval Academy may be mentioned Frank 
J. Sprague, Dr. Louis Duncan, W. F. C. 
Hasson, Gilbert Wilkes and others, 
whose names are prominent among elec- 

In 1883 Mr. Shallenberger returned to 
the United States and in the following 
year resigned from the naval service in 
order to devote his entire attention to 
the science of electricity. His first posi- 
tion was with the Union Switch and 
Signal Company, at Pittsburgh, in the 
electric light department, of which con- 
cern he became a prominent factor. This 
company was then under the manage- 
ment of Mr. George Westinghouse, and 
in the ensuing; summer and fall Mr. 





Sliallcnberger was selected to take charge 
of the experiments made with the 
Gaulard and Gibbs alternating current 
apparatus which had just been imported 
from Europe. During this period he was 
associated with William Stanley and 
Reginald Belfield in the commercial de- 
velopment of the alternating current 
system. The result of these investiga- 
tions was the organization of the West- 
inghouse Electric Company, of which Mr. 
Sliallcnberger was appointed chief elec- 
trician, which position he later retained 
in the Westinghouse Electric and Manu- 
facturing Company. He was elected an 
associate member of the American Insti- 
tute of Electrical Engineers on Septem- 
ber 7, 1888, and was transferred to mem- 
bership December 4, 18S8. In 1889 he 
went abroad and spent a great deal of 
lime in visiting the central stations in 
many of the larger European cities. Two 
years later, however, failing health com- 
pelled him to resign his position as chief 
electrician, but the Westinghouse Com- 
pany, unwilling to part with his services, 
retained him as consulting electrician. 
The succeeding winters were spent in 
Colorado, but during the summer months 
he resided in Rochester, where he con- 
tinued his experiments in a well-ecpiipped 
laboratory near his home. In 1897 Mr. 
Shallenberger organized the Colorado 
Electric Power Company, of which 
prominent organization he was president 
at the time of his death. He settled per- 
manently in Colorado Springs in Oc- 
tober, 1897, and his death occurred 
January 23, 1898. 

In regard to Mr. Shallenberger's many 
inventions and contributions to the ad- 
vancement of the electrical art, the fol- 
lowing paragraph, taken from "A Mem- 
orial," written by Charles A. Terry and 
published in the Proceedings of the 
American Institute of Electrical En- 
gineers in 1898, is here inserted: 

"He invented the street-lighting system in 
which each of a series of incandescent lamps is 
shunted by a reactive coil having its winding so 
proportioned to the mass of iron in its core that, 
upon the interruption of the current through any 
lamp, a normal current is allowed to flow through 
the corresponding coil to the remaining lamps by 
reason of the consequent high magnetic satura- 
tion of its core. The construction of converters 
with primary and secondary coils separately 
wound and insulated was originated by linn. He 
also was the first, in this country at least, to 
connect alternating current generators in parallel 
circuit, and he devised ingenious methods and 
apparatus for that purpose. The compensating 
indicators for showing at the central station the 
condition of the consumption circuit were worked 
out by him. His latest work was in producing 
a series of alternating current recording and 
indicating wattmeters for accurately measuring 
the energy consumed upon inductive as well as 
non-inductive circuits, and compensating for va- 
riations in temperature and rates of alternation. 
But of all his inventions, the development of the 
current meter bearing his name is surrounded 
with the greatest interest, not alone because of 
its intrinsic value and importance, but because it 
illustrates the character and mental aptitude of the 
man. He was original in his conceptions, com- 
prehensive in his grasp of ideas, conscientiously 
thorough in developing them, accurate in his 
conclusions, and complete in his final expression; 
these characteristics were abundantly evident in 
his development of the meter. While testing an 
experimental arc lamp upon an alternating cur- 
rent circuit, his attention was attracted by the 
rotation of a small spiral spring, which, dislodged 
from its position in the lamp, had fallen upon the 
brass head of the magnet-spool adjacent to a 
projecting core of iron wires. The motion was 
so slow as to be scarcely perceptible, but it did 
not escape his quick observation. He realized at 
once that he was in the presence of a new 
phenomenon. All his energies were immediately 
devoted to ascertaining the cause. Experiment 
followed experiment in rapid succession. Before 
he left the laboratory that night he developed 
from this accidental suggestion the complete con- 
ception of the alternating current meter, an object 
for which he, as well as many others, had for 
many months sought in vain. He pursued his 
further experiments with such zeal and good 
judgment that within a month he had produced a 
complete working meter, in essentially the same 
form that it is now manufactured after nearly 
ten years of extended use." 


Following is a letter written by Nikola 
Tesla, a fellow electrician, a short time 
after the death of Mr. Shallenberger. It 
is one chosen from many that were writ- 
ten to express regret that so great a 
man should he called from his lifework 
in the early prime of his manhood, just 
when he was beginning to achieve such 
marvelous success in his inventions and 
discoveries. This letter was sent to 
Charles A. Terry for publication in the 
article previously mentioned : 

"I am glad that your letter gives me an oppor- 
tunity to express how deeply I have regretted 
the death of Shallenberger. The electro-technical 
profession has lost in him one of its most gifted 
members. Many a bright idea is recorded in his 
numerous patents, and much of his work is em- 
bodied in the splendid machinery which, during 
a number of \ears, he has helped to develop. 
Although stricken down in the prime of life, he 
leaves a brilliant record in the profession. 

"Shallenberger has also made a record as an 
original discoverer; for. although at a later date, 
he independently observed some rotations in a 
magnetic field, his merit is all the greater, as he 
did not stop at a laboratory experiment, but 
quickly applied the principle practically and pro- 
duced his beautiful measuring instruments. 

"Shall we content ourselves to merely men- 
tion the name of a man who has done so much? 
I will not presume to make a suggestion in my 
capacity as one of his co-workers, but Shallen- 
berger was a friend whom I have liked and 
esteemed highly, and particularly in this quality 
I would feel very gratified to see his name more 
fitly commemorated." 

November 27, 1889, Mr. Shallenberger 
married Miss Mary Woolslair, who was 
born in Pittsburgh and reared in Beaver 
county, and who is a daughter of the late 
John and Caroline F. (Schreiner) Wool- 
slair. Two children were born to this 
union: John W., a graduate of Yale 
University in the class of 1912; and Ger- 
trude. During his lifetime Mr. Shallen- 
berger was a devout member of the Bap- 
tist church, and his family are likewise 
members of that denomination. Mrs. 
Shallenberger survives her honored hus- 
band and maintains her home at Beaver. 

In connection with his lifework, Mr. 
Shallenberger was recognized as an au- 
thority on everything pertaining to elec- 
tricity and its development throughout 
the world. He was one of the promoters 
of the Rochester Electric Company, and 
was financially interested in a number of 
important business enterprises. Mr. 
Shallenberger was a man of great kindli- 
ness of spirit and charitable impulses, but 
there was a modesty and lack of all 
ostentation in his work as a benefactor. 
His entire life was characterized by up- 
right, honorable principles, and his deep 
human sympathy and generous nature 
make his memory an enduring monu- 
ment more ineffaceable than polished 
marble or burnished bronze. "To live in 
the hearts we leave behind, is not to die." 

DAVIDSON, James J., 

Lawyer, Congressman. 

Hon. James J. Davidson was an 
honored citizen and representative busi- 
ness man of Beaver, Pennsylvania, dur- 
ing his active career. He left an indeli- 
ble impress upon the civic and industrial 
annals of the city, and upon his record 
there rests no shadow or blemish. His 
strength was as the number of his days, 
and not only did he accomplish much in 
connection with the practical affairs of 
life, but his nature, strong and kindly in 
tolerance, was everywhere a potent influ- 
ence for good. Mr. Davidson was born 
at Connellsville, Fayette county, Penn- 
sylvania, November 5, 1861, and he was 
summoned to the life eternal January 2, 
1897, at the comparatively early age of 
thirty-five years. 

James J. Davidson was a descendant 
of ancestors who as Protestants were 
driven by religious persecution from 
their native Scotland and took refuge in 
the northern counties of the Green Isle, 
their children and grandchildren forming 
that stalwart Scotch-Irish stock which 


lias given to the United States some of 
her best and ablest citizens. The founder 
of the American branch of the Davidson 
family came about 1695 from the North 
of Ireland and settled near Harrisburg, 
Pennsylvania. It is a noteworthy fact 
that he had lived in Londonderry during 
the famous siege of that city by the Eng- 

William Davidson, grandfather of 
James J. Davidson, was born February 
14, 1783, at Carlisle, Cumberland county, 
Pennsylvania, and in 1808 settled in 
Fayette county, in the same State. His 
first important position was that of 
manager of the Laurel Furnace, and 
later he became iron-master at Break- 
neck. Mr. Davidson was a recognized 
leader in the public affairs of Fayette 
county, and stood high in the confidence 
and esteem of his fellow citizens, as ap- 
pears from the fact that he was a member 
of both the Senate and House of Penn- 
sylvania, serving also as speaker of the 
latter body. His influence among his 
colleagues in the legislature was very 
great. Mr. Davidson married Sarah 
Rogers, a woman of strong personality 
and a high order of intellect, and they 
became the parents of three sons, among 
them Daniel R., mentioned below ; and 
two daughters. 

Daniel R., son of William and Sarah 
(Rogers) Davidson, was born January 
12, 1820, at Connellsville, Pennsylvania, 
and received his education in the public 
schools at Fayette county, where the 
greater portion of his life was passed. 
After completing his course of study he 
turned his attention to agriculture, cul- 
tivating with signal success a tract of 
land given him by his father. At the 
age of twenty-one he became interested 
in the project of the railroad from Pitts- 
burgh to Connellsville, and was instru- 
mental in securing rights of way and 
funds with which to further the under- 
taking. The road was completed in five 

years and became a power in developing 
the business resources of this part of the 
State. Later Colonel Davidson (as he 
was always called) promoted the Fayette 
County railroad, and he was also one of 
the promoters of the Southwestern Penn- 
sylvania railroad. His fine business 
abilities were not devoted to the develop- 
ment of railroads alone, but were also 
of service in utilizing the resources of the 
great coking-coal lands in Fayette county. 
He was the owner of two plants in the 
coke region, and was president of the 
Love Manufacturing Company of Roches- 
ter during the period of its existence. He 
was one of the organizers of the National 
Bank of Commerce, Pittsburgh, and dur- 
ing his later years was president of that 
institution. Colonel Davidson married 
Margaret C. Johnston, and twelve chil- 
dren were born to them, among whom 
were the following: George, a sketch of 
whom appears elsewhere in this work ; 
James J., mentioned below; and Freder- 
ick, a prominent business man of Beaver. 
Colonel Davidson resided for years on 
his farm near Connellsville, widely 
sought as a counsellor in business, poli- 
tics and personal matters. Though ac- 
tively interested in public affairs, he 
could never be prevailed upon to accept 
office. At the time of his death, which 
occurred in 1884, he was one of the 
prominent men, not only in his own 
county, but also in Western Pennsyl- 

Hon. James J. Davidson, of this notice, 
was educated in the public schools of his 
native place and he also attended Beaver 
Seminary. In 1878 he was matriculated 
as a student in Bethany College, at 
Bethany, West Virginia, and later spent 
three years in the University of Ken- 
tucky, at Lexington, in which institu- 
tion he was graduated as a member of 
the class of 1883, with the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts. After leaving college 
he took up the study of law in the office 



of Hon. John J. Wickham, of Beaver, de- 
voting his attention to legal work for the 
ensuing two years. In 1886 he became 
interested in oil development as a mem- 
bur of the firm of Darragh, Watson & 
Company, prominent oil producers, and 
with the passage of time he gradually be- 
came interested in other important busi- 
ness enterprises in Beaver county. He 
was elected president of the Union Drawn 
Steel Works, of Beaver Falls, and his 
brother Frederick is now the controlling 
spirit in that institution. 

Early in life Mr. Davidson affiliated 
with the Republican party, in the local 
councils of which organization he be- 
came an active factor. In 1894 he re- 
ceived the unanimous endorsement of his 
party in Beaver county for delegate in 
Congress, but at the District Congres- 
sional convention later 111 the year, held 
at Beaver Falls, he withdrew his candi- 
dacy in favor of Hon. T. W. Phillips, of 
Lawrence county. In 1896 he was again 
the unanimous choice of Beaver county 
for Congress, and at the district conven- 
tion held at Butler he was nominated 
on the first ballot, and at the ensuing 
election won by a big majority. Shortly- 
after the election lie went west in order 
to recuperate his health, which had been 
seriously affected by an attack of pneu- 
monia. He spent considerable time in 
Salt Lake City and Colorado Springs, 
and eventually settled at Phoenix, 
Arizona, where January 2, 1897, he died 
in his thirty-fifth year. 

Mr. Davidson was married, January 
31, 1889, to Miss Emma Eakin, a 
daughter of John R. Eakin, of Beaver. 
Two children were born to them, namely: 
Philip James, whose birth occurred on 
May 26, 1901 ; and Sarah Norton. Mrs. 
Davidson resides in Beaver with her two 

In a fraternal way, Mr. Davidson was 
prominent in Masonry, having attained 
to the thirty-second degree in the Scottish 

Rite branch, and having likewise passed 
through the circle of York Rite Masonry. 
He was a valued and appreciative mem- 
ber of Tancred Commandery, Knights 
Templar, and of Syria Temple, Ancient 
Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic 
Shrine. He was connected with the In- 
dependent Order of Odd Fellows, the 
Knights of Pythias, the American Me- 
chanics and the Americus Club of Pitts- 
burgh. He was for many years a lead- 
ing and influential citizen of Beaver, and 
his activity in business affairs, his co- 
operation in public interests and his 
zealous support of all objects that he be- 
lieved would contribute to the material 
social or moral improvement of the com- 
munity, kept him in the foremost rank 
of those to whom the city owes its pres- 
tige as a commercial center of the State. 



This name in Washington county is 
as a "household word," so familiarly is 
it known. The family is of German 
lineage, descending from George Lenhart 
Krumrein, who landed September 5, 
1748, from the ship "Edinburgh," James 
Russell, master, from Rotterdam last 
from Portsmouth, at the port of Phila- 
delphia, Pennsylvania, lie remained in 
Philadelphia a short time, then went to 
Maryland and perhaps to Georgia, but 
returning to Maryland at a later day. 

In 1800, George Crumrine, a grandson 
of George Lenhart Krumrein, crossed 
from Maryland, over the Alleghanies into 
the valley of the Monongahela, settling 
upon a farm in East Bethlehem town- 
ship, Washington county. One of his 
sons, Daniel Crumrine, was born upon 
the same farm. lie married Margaret, 
daughter of John Bower, of Swiss- 
German origin, coming to Washington 
county from the Juniata Valley in 1796. 
Among the sons of Datiicl was Boyd and 


Alonzo B., the former an eminent lawyer 
and editor of a history of Washington 
count) published in 1882. 

Alonfco, son of Daniel Crumrine, was 
born in Bethlehem township, Washing- 
ton county, anil spent his life as a farmer 
until about 1889, when he moved to 
Waynesburg, where he engaged in the 
nulling business until his death, May 25, 
1889. His wife, Eleanor Weaver Crum- 
rine, survived him. 

J. Boyd, son of Alonzo Crumrine, was 
born near Zallarsville, Washington 
county, Pennsylvania, November 29, 
1881.' He obtained his preliminary edu- 
cation in the public schools of Waynes- 
burg, later entering Waynesburg Col- 
lege, whence he was graduated A. B., 
class of 1902. In September, 1902, he and 
his mother moved to Philadelphia, where 
he entered the Law School of the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, from which he 
was graduated LL. B., in the class of 
1905. He then returned to Washington 
count), accompanied by his mother, and 
settled in the borough of Washington. 
He was admitted to the Washington 
county bar November 7, 1905, and at once 
began the practice of his profession in 
Washington. On January 1, 1912, he 
formed a law partnership with C. L. V. 
Acheson, the firm practicing as Acheson 
& Crumrine, with offices in the First 
National Bank Building. 

He is a member of the Masonic order 
and of the Knights of Pythias. He and 
his wife are members of the First Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church of Washington, 
Pennsylvania. Mr. Crumrine was mar- 
ried, November 9, 1905, to Loula, 
daughter of David and Nannie (Pollock) 
Kennedy, of Mount Morris, Greene 
county, Pennsylvania. 

WILLIAMS, Andrew G., 

lawyer, Legislator. 

In making settlement in a new country, 
it is said, the emigrants (if allowed a 

choice) chose the locality most nearly 
resembling in topography the land of 
their birth. Thus we find the Dutch 
settlers chose the lowlands along rivers 
and sea, while the Scotch and Welsh 
chose more mountainous regions. So 
when Juhn G. Williams came from his 
home in Wales to the United States, 
a young man of twenty-four years, he 
selected the mountainous city of Pitts- 
burgh, although trade conditions first im- 
pelled a residence in Maryland or Vir- 
ginia, also in mountain district.-.. He was 
an iron mill worker, and first found em- 
ployment at Ellicott City, Maryland, 
where he married Caroline Snyder, born 


In 1836 he moved to Richmond, Vir- 
ginia, where his son, Andrew G. Wil- 
liams, was born. He worked in the iron 
mills of Richmond until 1842, then moved 
to Pittsburgh, working in the iron and 
steel mills there until 1848, then worked 
in Kittanning, Pennsylvania, a short time, 
thence to Etna, near Pittsburgh. In 
January, 1850, he became one of the in- 
corporators of the Mechanics Iron 
Works, a cooperative mill which existed 
until 1854. In 1856 he went to Paducah, 
Kentucky, as superintendent of the 
Southern Iron Works. In 1858 he re- 
turned to Etna, where he was in the em- 
ploy of Spang & Company, iron manu- 
facturers. In 1865 he became manager 
of a Pittsburgh mill, making steel by a 
newly discovered process, continuing 
until November, 1868, when he was killed 
in a boiler explosion in his own mill, 
leaving a widow and seven children. His 
widow survived until June, 1904, dying 
at the home of her daughter in Pitts- 
burgh, aged eighty-eight years. 

Andrew G. Williams was born in Rich- 
mond, Virginia, September 8, 1840. He 
attended public schools in the cities in 
which his parents resided, until reaching 
the age of twelve years, when he began 
working in the mills, learning the trade 




of nail maker. He continued at his work 
until 1861, when the war between the 
States excited his military ardor. He 
was active in securing recruits, and, when 
his company was fully made up, was 
elected captain. This command he de- 
clined, not yet having quitje attained his 
majority, and preferring to serve in the 
ranks. He went to the front with Com- 
pany E, 63rd Regiment Pennsylvania 
Volunteer Infantry, which as part of the 
great Army of the Potomac participated 
in the hard-fought bloody battles of the 
Peninsula, including the Seven Days 
fights ; also Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, 
the Wilderness, and many other historic 
battles of the Civil War, numbering thirty 
engagements, in several of which Captain 
Williams took part, save when in the 
hospital from wounds. He was wounded 
at Fredericksburg, December 15, 1862, 
and again at the Wilderness, where he lay 
on the field of battle four days, sup- 
posedly dead. After the Second Bull Run 
he was promoted and commissioned cap- 
tain of his company, continuing in com- 
mand until his severe wounds, received 
at the Wilderness, so disabled him that 
he could no longer serve. He was 
honorably discharged and mustered out 
August 6, 1864, then returning to his 
home in Etna. For more than a year 
he was unable to work, his wounds in 
hand and head refusing to close. 

In 1865 he attempted to resume work, 
but the effort was too great and he was 
compelled to seek employment at other 
than manual labor. He took a full course 
at Duff's Business College in Pittsburgh, 
whence he was graduated and became a 
bookkeeper. He now began the study 
of law under a private tutor in Pitts- 
burgh, and so well did he improve the 
time that in 1876, after coming to Butler, 
he was admitted to the Butler county 
bar. He at once began practice alone in 
Butler, continuing until 1879, when he 

formed a partnership with Alexander 
Mitchell, also a veteran of the Civil War. 
The firm of Williams & Mitchell has now 
been in continuous and successful prac- 
tice for thirty-four years, and with the 
exception of one day, their office has 
never been closed on a secular day. That 
one exception was when their respective 
regiments held a reunion near by, and 
the two old veterans closed up and spent 
the day with their old comrades in arms. 
After the first six months of partner- 
ship they moved to their present office 
at No. no East Diamond street, and 
have never had other quarters. They 
are successful lawyers and command a 
large and lucrative practice in all State 
and Federal courts of the district. They 
are both members of the State and 
County Bar Associations, and are held 
in high esteem by their brethren of the 

Mr. Williams is a life-long Republican, 
always active, and as a campaign 
speaker greatly in demand and one con- 
tributing largely to party success. In 
November, 1890, he was elected to the 
Pennsylvania House of Assembly, serv- 
ing one term, but declining a second 
nomination. In November, 1900, he was 
elected State Senator from the Forty- 
first District, composed of the counties 
of Butler and Armstrong. He was a 
hard working valuable legislator, ren- 
dering efficient service on important com- 
mittees. He also served six years on 
the Soldiers' Orphans School Commis- 
sion, four years representing the Senate, 
and two years by appointment of the 
Governor, representing the Grand Army 
of the Republic. Since his retiring from 
the Senate, Captain Williams has given 
his entire time to his law practice. He 
has acquired large business interests and 
is interested in various commercial and 
banking enterprises as stockholder. He 
is a past commander of the A. G. Reed 

// r ^ 


the venerable age of ninety expired on 
his own farm, one of the few thirty- 
second degree Masons at that time, and 
his funeral was under their charge. He 
entertained General Lafayette on his 
visit to Kentucky, the General having 
been a thirty-second degree Mason. 

Thomas C. Fry, a relative of John Fry, 
the father, was born in 1796, in New York 
City. His parents died during his in- 
fancy. He served as a soldier in the war 
of 1812, being but sixteen years old at 
the time of his enlistment. As a young 
man he was connected with the firm of 
Curling, Robinson & Company, glass 
manufacturers of Pittsburgh, and his 
later years were passed on his farm, "The 
Elms," near Lexington, Kentucky. He 
married Charlotte Fry, and among their 
large family of children was a son, Henry 
Clay, mentioned below. 

Henry Clay Fry, son of Thomas C. 
and Charlotte (Fry) Fry, was born Sep- 
tember 17, 1840, near Lexington, Ken- 
tucky, and received his education in the 
public schools of his native place. In 
1856, being then sixteen years old, he 
found employment as shipping clerk with 
the firm of William Phillips & Company, 
glass manufacturers of Pittsburgh, thus 
at the very outset of his business career 
becoming identified with the industry 
with which his name was ever after to 
be inseparably linked. He remained 
with this company until 1862, and then, 
with the patriotism which seems to have 
been hereditary in his family, enlisted in 
the 15th Pennsylvania Cavalry Regi- 
ment, serving until the close of the Civil 

When peace was restored, Mr. Fry re- 
turned to Pittsburgh and became a mem- 
ber of the firm of Lippincott, Fry & 
Company, glass manufacturers, the style 
being subsequently changed to Fry, 
Semple & Reynolds. In 1869 Mr. Fry 
disposed of his interest and accepted the 
position of general manager for the firm 

of James B. Lyon & Company, one of 
the largest and best known glass manu- 
facturers of that period. But the time 
was at hand when Mr. Fry was to enter 
upon the independent business career 
which was to make an epoch in the his- 
tory of the glass industry. In 1872 he 
organized, at Rochester, Pennsylvania, 
the Rochester Tumbler Company, becom- 
ing its first president. Under his able 
management this company soon took its 
place as one of the largest and best 
known plants of its kind in the world. 
The number of its employees at the out- 
set did not greatly exceed one hundred, 
but in 1899 upward of fifteen hundred 
hands were kept constantly employed, 
and the buildings of the company covered 
an area of more than ten acres of ground, 
while its product found a market in all 
parts of the civilized world. The reason 
of this phenomenal success is largely ex- 
plained by the statement that Mr. Fry 
retained the presidency until 1899, when 
the plant was sold to the National Glass 
Company of Pittsburgh, at which time 
he became president of the latter organ- 
ization. In 1900 he resigned this posi- 
tion, and the following year organized 
the H. C. Fry Glass Company of Roches- 
ter, Pennsylvania, a plant which has be- 
come one of the largest and best known 
in the country, especially noted for its 
fine quality of cut glass and its optical 
specialties. One of the most marked 
features of Mr. Fry's character as a busi- 
ness man is his attitude toward his em- 
ployees. Never has he regarded them 
merely as parts of a great machine, but 
has uniformly considered their comfort 
and wellbeing, manifesting a personal 
and individual interest in them and re- 
warding capability and diligence with 
prompt and steady promotion as oppor- 
tunity offered. In all the enterprises 
with which he has been associated, as 
well as in those of which he was the 
originator, he has ever been the driving 



force, the impelling energy, and never on 
the field of Chickamauga (which was one 
of the many battles in which he partici- 
pated) did he display greater coolness 
and intrepidit) than in the arena of busi- 

In June, 1883, Air. Fry assisted in the 
organization of the First National Bank 
of Rochester, of which he has ever since 
been president. The bank is one of the 

most flourishi 

he State. He is also 

a director of the Olive Stove Works, and 
is interested extensively in property on 
Chautauqua Lake, New York. For sev- 
eral terms he served as president of the 
town council, and has faithfully and often 
laboriously cooperated with others in 
matters affecting the welfare of the city 
and its worthy charities. He belongs 
to the class which is doing the most to 
advance the real interest of the city and 
State, and his high personal character, 
his large experience, and remarkably cool, 
clear and sound judgment give to his 
opinions and advice great weight and in- 
fluence. He is a man of warmly social 
nature, and his ready wit — part of the 
heritage he received from his Irish an- 
cestors — is always under the control of 
kindly nature. He affiliates with the Ma- 
sonic fraternity and the Independent Or- 
der of Odd Fellows, and belongs to the 
Duquesne Club of Pittsburgh. He was 
one of the charter members of the First 
Baptist Church of Rochester, and was 
superintendent of the Sunday school for 
twenty-seven years, in which work he 
takes a deep interest and to which he is 
a liberal contributor, believing as he does 
that religion is the most powerful of all 

Air. Fry married (first), in 1862, in 
Pittsburgh, Emma, daughter of James 
and Minerva (Scott) Mathews. In 1884 
this union was dissolved by the death of 
Mrs. Fry, and Mr. Fry married (second) 
Belle, daughter of Rev. H. R. McClin- 
tock. Air. Fry is the father of the fol- 

lowing children: Harry C, E. Gertrude, 
Clara B., J. Howard, and Mabel M. 

Air. Fry has a beautiful home in 
Rochester, a model of comfort, every ap- 
pointment being such as to minister to a 
refined and artistic taste. 1 1 is children, 
richly endowed by nature and nurtured 
under the most uplifting influences, are 
a joy in the present and a promise for 
the future, both the sons following in 
their father's footsteps and maintaining 
the family tradition both in business and 

Throughout his career, Air. Fry has 
been animated by the spirit of progress, 
ever pressing forward and seeking to 
make the good better and the better best. 
He has furnished a true picture of the 
ideal manufacturer, one who creates and 
adds to the wealth of nations while ad- 
vancing his own interests. The great in- 
dustrial organizations which he has 
founded and developed are monuments 
to his far-sighted business ability, but no 
less are they monuments to his philan- 
thropy. He has given to thousands em- 
ployment and opportunities for self- 
culture and self-development, and the 
wealth which has come to him he has 
held in trust for the less fortunate of his 
fellows. While increasing the material 
prosperity of the community he has 
labored for its moral and spiritual better- 
ment. Manufacturer, financier, philan- 
thropist—he is one of those of whom 
future generations will say : "The world 
is better because he lived." 

WALLACE, Robert L., 

Educator, Lawyer. 

The Scotch-Irish descent of Robert L. 
Wallace, of New Castle, Pennsylvania, is 
traced to the Wallaces of Scotland and to 
County Antrim, Ireland, where lived 
Robert and Alary (Knox) Wallace, whose 
sons James, John, Robert and Samuel 



came to America before the Revolution. 
They participated in that struggle for 
liberty, and later scattered in Western 
Pennsylvania and aided there in the es- 
tablishment of farms and homes, churches, 
courts and modern civilized conditions. 
The professions of law and medicine have 
been favorite ones in this family, while 
statesmen and business men have also 
borne this honored name. Farmers 
originally, many have continued in that 
occupation, and progressive, prosperous 
agriculturalists arc not uncommon in this 

William Wallace, father of Robert L. 
Wallace, was born in Lawrence county, 
Pennsylvania, and was widely known, not 
more for his extensive farming and stock 
dealing operations than for his upright- 
ness of character and the perfect fair- 
ness observed in all his private business 
transactions, and in the many public posi- 
tions he filled. 

Robert L., son of William and Esther 
(McChesney) Wallace, was born in 
Pulaski township, Lawrence county, 
Pennsylvania, April 16, 1876. He at- 
tended the public schools, obtaining an 
excellent education, then entered Poland 
(Ohio) Union Seminary. Later he 
taught three school years, and in the 
vacation intervals himself attended sum- 
mer schools, specializing in his favorite 
branches. He then entered Grove City 
College (Pennsylvania), where he was 
graduated Ph. B., class of 1899. He then 
taught in Darlington Academy (Beaver 
county) one year, and for another year 
was principal of the Enon Valley High 
School (Lawrence county). All this 
preparatory work had been with the law 
as his final goal, and in 1901 he entered 
the law office of Hon. J. Norman Martin, 
of New Castle, continuing study under 
that able preceptor until December, 1902, 
when he was admitted to the Lawrence 
county bar, and soon afterward to prac- 

tice in the State Supreme Court. He at 
once opened offices in New Castle, where 
he is now well established in a general 
practice extending to all State and Fed- 
eral courts in his district. He is a mem- 
ber of the State and County Bar Associa- 
tions, and has attained a leading position 
among the younger members of the Law- 
rence county bar. 

He is a Republican in politics, and has 
always taken an active interest in public 
affairs. In 1906 he was elected to the 
City Council, and in 1907 was chosen 
president of that body. In that year he 
was also a delegate to the Republican 
State Convention and in 1908 was chosen 
to represent Lawrence county in the 
House of the General Assembly. He 
made an honorable record as a legislator, 
served on important committees, and in 
1910 was again elected to the same office. 
During his two terms he served on com- 
mittees — judicial, general, municipal, cor- 
porations, agriculture, and was chairman 
of the iron and coal committee. He was 
not an ornamental member of these com- 
mittees, but a worker, influential in shap- 
ing and forwarding important legisla- 
tion. During his second term he was one 
of the leaders of the Independent Re- 
publicans of the House, and one of the 
most aggressive members of that body 
of men who carried their spirit of in- 
dependence to the point of defiance of 
machine domination. His service to his 
State will not be unrewarded, and greater 
honors from an appreciative constituency 
surely await him. He is a member of the 
United Presbyterian church, active in 
church and Sunday school work. He 
stands high in the Masonic order, hold- 
ing the thirty-second degree, Ancient 
Accepted Scottish Rite. 

lie married, August 27, 1903, Edna, 
daughter of Jonathan Freese of Indiana, 
Pennsylvania. Children : William L., 
Robert Eugene and Esther Clare. 



LAFEAN, John R., 

Manufacturer, Public Official. 

The twentieth century is emphatically 
the aye of young men, and Pennsylvania, 
always a leader in every onward move- 
ment, is now kept in the very van of 
progress by the men who during the last 
ten years have largely aided in making 
her history. Among these is John R. 
Lafean, mayor of York, and an aggres- 
sive business man, who is giving his 
city a thorough and successful business 

John R. Lafean was born July 29, 1873, 
in York, son of Charles and Charlotta 
(Kottcamp) Lafean, and a brother of 
Hon. D. F. Lafean, Charles F. Lafean, 
president of the Lafean Paper Company, 
and A. H. Lafean & Brother, well known 
druggists of York. John R. Lafean re- 
ceived his education in the public schools 
of his native city, and immediately after 
completing his course of study he formed 
a partnership with his brothers, Charles 
F. and George Jacob Lafean, under the 
firm name of Lafean Brothers, manufac- 
turing confectioners. The business, 
which was established in 18S6, has grown 
to extensive proportions, the products 
finding a constant market throughout the 
State. Mr. Lafean early showed himself 
to be a man of remarkable business 
talents, quick and decisive in his methods 
and prompt in the solution of those 
problems which are every day presented 
to the enterprising and successful mer- 

In early manhood Mr. Lafean mani- 
fested a keen interest in public affairs 
and an unusual degree of executive and 
administrative ability. As a young man 
he served with credit in the city council, 
and from 1905 to 1900 filled the office 
of city treasurer in a manner satisfactory 
to his municipality. He has always been 
identified with the Republicans, and his 
party, in electing him to the office of city 

treasurer, gave him a handsome majority. 
He was at one time chairman of the 
highway commission, and was also presi- 

Council, being elected to this latter office 
from the Fourth Ward of York. While 
serving in this position his impartiality 
commanded the respect of men of all 
parties, ami the fact that he has always 
numbered many friends among the Dem- 
ocrats speaks volumes for his integrity 
and fair-mindedness. 

In 190S Mr. Lafean was the Republican 
candidate for mayor, but sustained defeat 
by a majority of two hundred and forty- 
nine. In 191 1 he was again nominated 
and was triumphantly elected by a ma- 
jority of seven hundred and twenty-two. 
His record, since entering upon the duties 
of his office, has justified the choice of 
his part)'. His capability has been 
proved beyond question. lie has dis- 
counted all city bills, a thing never be- 
fore heard of in the history of the county, 
and the highway department has been 
placed in charge of the city engineer's 
department. Mayor Lafean's plan is to 
conduct the affairs of the city as the 
affairs of a corporation are conducted, on 
the basis of strictly honorable business 
methods, and thus far his success is uni- 
versally conceded by men of all parties. 
His appearance is expressive of his per- 
sonality, being that of a man of quiet 
determination and business ability. Of 
rather tall stature and well knit frame, 
his keen eyes are not without the glint 
of humor, but his whole aspect is that 
of the alert, resolute man of affairs. 

Genial and companionable in his 
nature, Mayor Lafean is identified with 
a number of fraternal organizations, 
affiliating with Jerodatta Lodge, F. and 
A. M., York Lodge, Benevolent and Pro- 
tective Order of Elks. Junior Order of 
United American Mechanics. Knights of 
Malta and the Mystic Shrine. He also 
belongs to the York Club and is a mem- 


ber of Christ Evangelical Lutheran 

Mayor Lafean married, July 3, 1900, 
Georgetta L., daughter of George and 
Charlotta (Gotwald) Moore, both of 
whom are now deceased. Mr. Moore was 
engaged in business in Shrewsbury. He 
and his wife were the parents of four 
other children: Mrs. Jennie Rolfe, of 
New Jersey; Luther, of York; Norman, 
of New Brunswick, New Jersey; and 
William E., of Des Moines, Iowa. Mayor 
and Mrs. Lafean are the parents of one 
son: Henry Moore Lafean. Mrs. Lafean 
is one of York's most charming hostesses, 
and the home over which she presides is 
one of the city's social centers. 

By his honest, public-spirited, progres- 
sive administration, Mayor Lafean is 
placing his native city among the best 
governed municipalities of the Keystone 
State, and proving himself a loyal son of 
York, a true Pennsylvanian and an able 
and high-minded executive. 

IRWIN, Robert W., 


One of the best known and most suc- 
cessful advocates in Washington county 
is Robert Wilson Irwin, of Washington. 
He is of Scotch-Irish stock, though not 
descended from the earlier settlers. On 
each side he is grandchild of an immi- 
grant from the North of Ireland. These 
grandparents settled in Washington 
county early in the last century. His 
parents, Ephraim and Margaret (Richey) 
Irwin, were born in Washington county. 
The father was a farmer, a Democrat, 
and a member of the United Presbyterian 
church, lie died in July, 1894, and his 
widow followed him in March, 1897. 

Robert Wilson Irwin was born in West 
Finley township, April 2j, 1858. His 
earl) life was .-pent in hard work and 
the use of such opportunities of study as 
were offered. Working on the farm and 

attending the district schools, his sum- 
mers and winters were alternately 
passed, until he was seventeen. The 
family were then living at Buffalo, 
Washington county, where they remained 
for two years. Mr. Irwin's order of life 
then underwent a change; the winters 
for the next six years were spent in 
teaching, and during the summers, in ad- 
dition to the work of the farm, he took 
courses at the normal schools at Clays- 
ville and Alexander, and began the read- 
ing of law. In November, 1877, he regis- 
tered with Boyd Crumrine as a student 
of law. He had also studied Latin one 
summer, under the tuition of Rev. Mr. 
Walkenshaw. On June 15, 1881, he was 
admitted to the bar of Washington 

W'hile Mr. Irwin was teaching school, 
he availed himself of the benefits offered 
by debating and was interested in their 
work, and to this training he ascribes 
much of his later success in his pro- 
fession. He became a forcible, clear, and 
impressive speaker. Prom his admission 
to the bar, Mr. Irwin has been active in 
the practice of the law. For a while he 
was in partnership with ex-Judge Ache- 
son. His practice has been in State and 
Federal courts, especially in the field of 
corporation law. He is a good citizen, 
actively interested in public affairs, and 
in his younger days he was a hard worker 
in politics. This, with his success in his 
profession, led to his nomination by the 
Democratic party in 1883, when he had 
been practicing for but two years, as 
district attorney, but the district being 
strongly Republican, he was defeated. 
He was long a member of the Washing- 
ton school board, and for some years its 
president. lie has frequently been a 
delegate to District and State conven- 
tions, and has served as chairman of the 
Democratic State Convention. Beside 
being a member of the County and State 
Bar Associations, he is a member of the 



Washington Country Club, and is prom- 
inent in the social life of his community. 
Likewise, he is actively interested in 
lodge matters, in the Masonic order, and 
the Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks. He is a member of Washington 
Commandery, Knights Templar. In the 
First Presbyterian Church, of which all 
the family are members, he is actively 
interested, has served as an elder, also as 
superintendent of the Sunday school of 
the Third Presbyterian Church for years. 
Mr. Irwin married, December 24, 1884, 
Carrie N., daughter of William and 
Margaret (Boyd) Fowler, of Westmore- 
land county. His oldest daughter is now 
Mrs. Arthur B. (Nellie May) Loucks, of 
Scottdale, Pennsylvania. The other 
daughters, Frances Margaret and Edith 
J. Irwin, are at home. 

BEIDLEMAN, Edward E., 

Lawyer, Legislator. 

Jacob Beidleman, pioneer ancestor of 
Mr. Beidleman, was born in Germany, 
and settled in Bucks county, Pennsyl- 
vania. He saw service in the Patriot 
army during the Revolutionary War. 
He reared a family, among whom were 
Peggy, Sally, Elias, Jacob, Adam and 
John. The parents were Lutherans in 
religion. Both died in Shippensburg, 
Cumberland county, and were there 

Jacob Beidleman, son of the emigrant 
Jacob, was born in Bucks county, 1785, 
and removed to Cumberland county when 
a young man, following his trade of 
blacksmith at Shippensburg for the 
greater part of his life. He was obliged 
to abandon his calling by reason of a 
hurt which he received while shoeing a 
horse, and from which he never entirely 
recovered. When again able to take up 
employment he gave himself to freight 
hauling for his brother, and was so en- 
gaged until his death, February 5, 1835, 

at the age of about fifty years. He was a 
member of the Lutheran church, and in 
politics was an old-line Whig. His wife, 
Elizabeth (Reinhart) Beidleman, born in 
Franklin county, Pennsylvania, long sur- 
vived her husband, dying about 1854, 
aged about sixty years. Children : Sarah, 
wife of David Wilson, of Cumberland 
county ; Elizabeth, wife of David Holmes, 
of Bloomfield, Perry county; William; 
John, died in infancy; Mary; Adam, mar- 
ried a Miss Holmes, of Maryland; 
Margaret, wife of Henry Wise, of Cum- 
berland county; Sophia, wife of George 
Fry, of Franklin county. 

William Beidleman, third child and 
eldest son of Jacob and Elizabeth 
(Reinhart) Beidleman, was born in 
Shippensburg, Cumberland county, No- 
vember 26, 1817. He received a meagre 
education in the pioneer common schools 
of that day, attending only for a few 
weeks in the winter seasons. He en- 
gaged in teaming in his young manhood, 
and before attaining his majority re- 
moved to Harrisburg and entered the 
employ of the Calder family, in whose 
service he remained for three genera- 
tions. He retired from active occupa- 
tions some years ago, and is now making 
his home with his son, Thomas D. Beidle- 
man, in Harrisburg. He is a member of 
Christ (Lutheran) Church, and in politics 
is a Republican, and is fraternally con- 
nected with Fulton Council, No. 35, Or- 
der of American Mechanics. He married, 
February 5, 1845, Hannah Hong, born in 
Delaware, April 28, 1823, died November 
4, 1902, daughter of Jesse Hong. Chil- 
dren : Margaret, wife of Charles Spick- 
ler, of Lancaster county ; Emma ; Thomas 
D., of whom further ; Edward B., mar- 
ried Mary, daughter of Frederick Heiney, 
of Harrisburg; Newland (deceased), 
married Ackalina Davis, of Harrisburg; 
Sophia, deceased; Mary Jane, wife of 
Alexander Jackson, of Baltimore, Mary- 
land; William C, of whom further. 


Thomas D. Beidleman, third child and 
eldest son of William and Hannah 
(Hong) Beidleman, was born in Clarke's 
Valley, Dauphin county, Pennsylvania, 
Octuber 15, 184S. He came to Harris- 
burg with his parents when he was seven 
years old, and there received his educa- 
tion in the public schools. In August, 
1867, when nineteen years of age, he 
became labor foreman in the Lochiel 
Iron Works, which position he acceptably 
filled until April, 1889, when he resigned 
in order to engage in a general merchan- 
dise and grocery business at Lochiel, and 
which he conducted with gratifying suc- 
cess until 1900, in which year he sold 
his stock and good-will to the Lochiel 

burg, now residing in Oreland, Mont- 
gomery county. 

William C. Beidleman, youngest son 
of William and Hannah (Hong) Beidle- 
man, was born in Harrisburg, Pennsyl- 
vania, January 28, 1861. He was reared 
in his native city, educated in the public 
schools thereof, and has spent his entire 
active career in the employ of the govern- 
ment. He engaged in the mail service 
early in life. In 1881 he was appointed 
to a clerkship under Postmaster M. W. 
McAlarney, and has continued in the 
mail service ever since with the excep- 
tion of the first administration of Grover 
Cleveland. He has served in various 
capacities in the office. He was ap- 
pointed superintendent of the Hill station 

Merchandise Company, and entered upon post . office on Thirteenth street, south of 

Market street, Harrisburg, March 10, 
190G, which position he is now filling. 
He is a member of the Knights of the 
Golden Eagle, Castle No. 40. He takes 
an active part in church work, holding 
membership in Zion Lutheran Church, 
in which he serves as vestryman and is 
also a member of the pastor's Bible class. 
He is a Republican in politics. Mr. 
Beidleman married, March 26, 1885, 
Elizabeth Rupp Hursh, a daughter of 
Abraham and Caroline (Reamshart) 
Hursh. Their children are: Helen II., 
Harry H. and Constance B. Beidleman. 
Edward E. Beidleman, attorney at law, 
Harrisburg, is a native of that city, born 
July 8, 1873, son of Thomas D. and 
Susan (Ensinger) Beidleman. He re- 
ceived his education in the public schools, 
graduating from the high school with 
first honors. He then took a course in 
the Keystone Business College, and was 
subsequently engaged with his father in 
business for a time. Having determined 
upon the law as his profession, he regis- 
tered as a student in the office of Hon. 
Samuel J. M. McCarrell, and under his 
masterly tutorship was qualified for ad- 
mission to the bar, on January 28, 1898. 

fe of well-earned retirement. During 
his entire mercantile career he bore him- 
self with unsullied reputation, and was 
held in high regard by all with whom he 
had dealings, as well as by the community 
at large. He is an active and exemplary 
member of the Pine Street Presbyterian 
Church. In politics he is a Republican. 
He married, December 29, 1870, Susan 
Ensinger, daughter of John G. and Julia 
(Seibold) Ensinger. Her father was born 
in Germany, 1795, and died in Powell's 
Valley, Dauphin county, Pennsylvania, 
1854, aged sixty-nine years. He was a 
well-to-do farmer, owning a farm in 
Montgomery county, which he sold, pur- 
chasing another in Powell's Valley, to 
which he removed. He was a member 
of the Lutheran church, and in politics 
was a Democrat. He was twice married. 
His first wife was born in 1810, and died 
in 1863, and both are buried at the same 
place. She bore him six children, and 
his second wife bore him eight children. 
To Thomas D. and Susan (Ensinger) 
Beidleman were born three children: 
Bertha A., wife of Gilbert L. Culmerry ; 
Edward E., of whom further; Hannah 
M., wife of Stewart Heist, of Harris- 


111* at once entered upon practice, in 
which he has been usefully and industri- 
ously engaged to the present time, hav- 
ing drawn about him a large clientele em- 
bracing many of the largest personal and 
corporate interests in the city. 

A Republican in politics, Mr. Beidle- 
nian has from his entrance upon man- 
hood taken an active interest in political 
affairs, and holds a place of influence 
in the counsels of his party. In 1004 he 
was elected to the legislature, and was 
re-elected in 1906. He bore an important 
part in that body in the sessions of 1905 
and 1907, and the extra session of 1906, 
serving upon several of its most impor- 
tant committees — the judiciary, of which 
he was chairman; general committee, the 
committee on public grounds and build- 
ings ; the committee on municipal cor- 
porations ; the public printing committee 
and the committee on rules — and was 
recognized as one of their most indus- 
trious and judicious members. As a 
member of the Harrisburg Board of 
Trade he has rendered valuable aid in 
promoting the commercial and indus- 
trial interests of the community. He 
has attained to high rank in the Masonic 
order, being affiliated with Robert Burns 
Lodge No. 464, and with all the superior 
bodies up to and including the thirty- 
second degree, Scottish Rite. He is also 
a member of Zembo Temple, Nobles of 
the Mystic Shrine ; the Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks, the Modern 
Woodmen of America, the Royal Ar- 
canum, the Patriotic Order Sons of 
America, John Harriss Lodge, Knights 
of Pythias; the Independent Order of 
Red Men, and the Knights of the Macca- 
bees. He is a member of the Presbyterian 

Mr. Beidleman married, November 6, 
1901. [-Catherine Nissley, daughter of Dr. 
Samuel Nissley. Her father was a prom- 
inent physician practicing in Ohio and 
later in Elizabethtown, Pennsylvania. In 

the latter place he was for some years 
physician for the Pennsylvania railroad, 
and is now there engaged in a large 
general practice. Mrs. Beidleman was 
Dr. Nissley 's only child by his first wife, 
and her mother died when she was but 
two years old. .Mr. and Mrs. Beidle- 
man are the parents of one child, Kath- 
erine Nissley Beidleman, born October 
7, 1902. 

BROWN, William M., 

Financier, Public Official. 

There is very often a wide distinc- 
tion between the successful man of busi- 
ness and the successful man in public 
life. Many of our conspicuous failures 
in public life have been leaders in their 
private business or the professions. 
Again, many of our greatest public men 
have made utter failure in their private 
business. The rare combination of suc- 
cess in both business and public life is 
met with in William M. Brown, lawyer, 
man of affairs, ex-senator, and ex-lieu- 
tenant-governor of the State of Penn- 

William M. Brown was born in Green- 
ville, Mercer count}-, Pennsylvania, Sep- 
tember 20, 1850, son of Van Swearingen 
and Lydia J. Brown. When he was five 
years of age his father died, and shortly 
afterward his mother moved to the State 
of Iowa, where he received his early edu- 
cation in the public schools. Later he at- 
tended the grammar school of Warren, 
( )hio, the Power Commercial School of 
New Castle, Pennsylvania, and the One 
Study College of the same city. After 
completing his classical and business edu- 
cation he entered the law office of Judge 
John McMichael, of New Castle, under 
whose wise preceptorship he acquired a 
sound knowledge of law. In 1876 he was 
admitted to the Lawrence county bar, 
later to the State and Federal courts of 
the district, continuing in the successful 




practice of his profession eight years. 
He served as special agent of the Land 
Department of the United States from 
January, I ISS j , until the following August, 
then resigned and resumed the practice 
of law. He earl}- became interested in 
public affairs, affiliated with the Re- 
publican party, and was closely identified 
wiih the loud organization, filling various 
civic positions of responsibility and trust 
in city and count}. Mr. Brown also took 
active part in the development of New 
Castle, and his name is intimately con- 
nected with many of her principal in- 
dustries. In 1890 business interests 
compelled him to undertake the building 
of an electric street car line, and since 
that time he has been heavily interested 
in the electric roads of New Castle; 
Syracuse, New York; Montgomery, Ala- 
bama; and ether cities. For some years 
prior to 1006, Mr. Brown was president 
of the Rapid Transit Railroad system 
of Syracuse, New York. He was 
vice-president and manager of the New 
Castle Electric Street Railway, and in 
iStjO became a director, secretary and 

Mr. Brown was also engaged in mer- 
cantile business as head of the firm of 
Brown, Thompson & Company, general 
dealers, and in 1888 and 1889 secretary 
and treasurer of the Standard Paper 
Company. His present business. interests 
are large and varied, including not only 
railway investments and control, but 
large holdings of real estate in many 
localities. He is also a director of the 


wrence saving;: 

and Trus 


pany. He stands conspicuous among 
the many very successful men of affairs 
Western Pennsylvania has produced, and 
has contributed in a large degree to 
the prosperity and advancement of 
New Castle. 

Mr. Brown has also to his credit an 
honorable, successful and brilliant career 
as a public official. He was a candidate 

for member of the House of Representa- 
tives from Lawrence county in 1878-80, 
but was both times defeated by small 
majorities. He served six years as a 
member of Select Council and in No- 
vember, 1896, was elected a member of 
the Pennsylvania Senate from the Forty- 
seventh District, composed of Lawrence 
and Mercer counties. In the session fol- 
lowing he held conspicuous position as 
a leader of the Senate, serving on im- 
portant committees, making a very 
creditable record as a debater and gen- 
erally achieving an honorable distinc- 
tion. He was influential in shaping dc 
sirable legislation, and so impressed his 
individuality upon the Senate and State 
that in 1902 he was nominated for the 
high office of lieutenant-governor and 
was elected the following November by 
a plurality of 181,254 votes. He was in- 
augurated January 20, 1903, and through- 
out his term of office brought to the dis- 
charge of his duty the same high sense 
of responsibility, the same intelligent 
sense of public duty and grasp of public 
affairs, as had characterized his term as 
senator. Since his retirement from pub- 
lic life, Mr. Brown has lost none of his 
interest in public affairs, but has de- 
voted them less time and attention. He 
is a member of the Republican Club, of 
New York City, the Elks and Lawrence 
clubs of New Castle and the Athletic 
Club, of Cleveland, Ohio. 

Mr. Brown married Margaret, daugh- 
ter of Samuel and Amanda G. Foltz. 
The family home at New Castle is one 
of the most beautiful and imposing of 
the many modern mansions of Western 
Pennsylvania ; surrounded by well-kept 
lawns and shrubbery, its perfect propor- 
tions and appropriate setting render it 
an attraction remarked by all visitors to 
New Castle. Here its owner, freed from 
the cares of business, finds his greatest 


RENO, Claude Trexler, 

Lawyer, Public Official. 

There is usually little to be written of 
a young professional man of thirty years, 
but Mr. Reno is an exception to the rule, 
having already attained prominence in 
his profession that comes to most men at 
the close instead of the commencement 
of their careers, and his future is bright 
with promise. 

Claude Trexler Reno, son of Joseph F. 
and Amelia J. (Trexler) Reno, was born 
in Lyons, Berks county, Pennsylvania, 
April 4, 1882. He obtained his primary, 
intermediate and preparatory education 
in the public schools, graduating in 1900 
from the Allentown High School. Dur- 
ing the years 1900 to 1902 he pursued a 
course of classical study at Muhlenberg 
College, then entered Dickinson School 
of Law, whence he was graduated LL.B., 
class of 1905. In September, 1905, 
he was admitted to the bar of Lehigh 
county, Pennsylvania, and began the 
practice of law at Allentown. On Feb- 
ruary 4, 1907, he was admitted to prac- 
tice in the Supreme Court, and December 
7, 1908, to practice in the Superior Court 
of the State. He has a well established 
legal practice that extends to all State 
and Federal courts of the district. He 
quickly obtained recognition as a capable 
young lawyer, and in 1906 was appointed 
sheriff's solicitor of Lehigh County. In 
1909 he was appointed county solicitor, 
his private practice in the meantime 
keeping pace with his public preferment. 
In 1910 he was the candidate of his party 
for the House of Assembly, passed the 
ordeal of the ballot box successfully and 
served in the following legislature most 
creditably. lie was in 1912 candidate 
for the National House of Representa- 
tives from the Congressional District 
composed of the counties of Lehigh and 
Berks, but was defeated. 

He is a good lawyer, well grounded in 

legal knowledge, skillful in both attack 
and defence, eloquent and forceful in his 
pleading and has won some notable 
victories in his seven years at the Lehigh 
bar. His public career is above reproach, 
and, while ambitious, he does not strive 
for success in any but the fairest man- 
ner. He is a hard campaigner and keeps 
his adversaries continually on the alert, 
and whatever the issue of any campaign 
may be, he will continue to be a vital 
force in his party, and future greatness 
cannot but be insured to one so deter- 
mined and talented. 

His college fraternity, Alpha Tau 
Omega, is very dear to him, and since 
1905 he has been editor of the "Alpha 
Tau Omega Palm," the official journal of 
that fraternity. He is also the author 
of "Manual of Alpha Tau Omega," pub- 
lished by the fraternity in 191 1. He is 
a member of Barger Lodge, No. 333, 
Free and Accepted Masons; Allentown 
Eyrie, No. no, Fraternal Order of 
Eagles; Lehigh Lodge, No. 83, Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows ; Wash- 
ington Camp, No. n, Patriotic Order of 
Sons of America, and is State Camp 
Building trustee in the latter organiza- 
tion. In religious affiliation he is a mem- 
ber of St. John's Lutheran Church. 

He married, August 14, 1906, at Allen- 
town, May Grim, daughter of Charles J. 
and R. Tillie (Grim) Appel. 

MARTIN, J. Rankin, 

Lawyer, Financier. 

Beaver county, Pennsylvania, figures 
as one of the most attractive, progress- 
ive and prosperous divisions of the 
State, justly claiming a high order of 
citizenship and a spirit of enterprise 
which is certain to conserve consecutive 
development and marked advancement 
in the material upbuilding of this section. 
The county has been and is signally fa- 
vored in the class of men who have con- 




tributed to its development along com- 
mercial and professional lines, and in the 
latter connection the subject of this re- 
view demands recognition, as he has been 
actively engaged in the practice of law 
at Beaver Falls since 1882. He is finan- 
cially interested in a number of impor- 
tant business enterprises in Beaver 
county, and his honorable and straight- 
forward methods demonstrate the power 
of activity and honesty in the business 

J. Rankin Martin was born in Darling- 
ton, Beaver county, Pennsylvania, Janu- 
ary 14, 1852, son of James P. and Mary 
C. (Imbrie) Martin, both of whom were 
born in Beaver county and both of whom 
are now deceased. The Martin and Im- 
brie families are descended from staunch 
Scotch stock. James P. Martin was en- 
gaged in farming operations in the vicin- 
ity of Darlington during the greater part 
of his active career, and he was a stal- 
wart Republican in his political convic- 
tions. From 1876 to 1878 he served as 
sheriff of his county, and he acquitted 
himself with honor and distinction in 
discharging the duties connected with 
that office. He and his wife were devout 
United Presbyterians in their religious 
faith. They reared a family of eight 

Under the invigorating influence of the 
old homestead farm, J. Rankin Martin 
was reared to maturity, and his rudimen- 
tary educational training consisted of 
such advantages as were afforded in the 
public schools of his native place. Sub- 
sequently he attended Darlington Acad- 
emy, and after completing the curriculum 
of that institution he was engaged in 
teaching school for a period of four 
years, at the expiration of which he was 
matriculated as a student in Westminster 
College, which he attended for two years. 
In 1876 he was appointed deputy sheriff 
by his father and he served as such for 
three years, when he entered the law of- 

fices of Agnew & Buchanan, under whose 
able preceptorship he studied law. He 
was admitted to practice at the Pennsyl- 
vania State bar February 6, 1882, and 
immediately located at Beaver Falls, 
where he has devoted the major portion 
of his time and attention to a large and 
lucrative clientage during the long in- 
tervening years to the present time, in 
1912. He is counsel for a number of 
prominent business concerns in this sec- 
tion of the State, and his practice ex- 
tends to all the State and Federal courts. 
In connection with the work of his pro- 
fession he is a valued and appreciative 
member of the Beaver County Bar Asso- 
ciation and the Pennsylvania State Bar 

Mr. Martin is a decidedly prominent 
factor in business and banking circles in 
this county. He is vice-president of the 
Farmers' Bank at Beaver, a member of 
the board of directors in the Beaver 
Trust Company, and a director in the 
Citizens' National Bank at Monaca, 
Pennsylvania, in addition to which he is 
likewise interested in a number of other 
business enterprises of local importance. 
In politics he is an uncompromising 
Republican, and he has served as a mem- 
ber of the Republican county committee 
for many years. On various occasions 
he has been chosen as a delegate to State 
conventions, and in 1883 he was honored 
by his fellow citizens with election to 
the office of prosecuting attorney for 
Beaver county. He was incumbent of 
that office for the ensuing six years. In 
1905 he was nominated on the Repub- 
lican ticket for the office of county judge, 
but met defeat at the following election 
as the result of a combination. In the 
Masonic order he has passed through the 
circle of the Scottish Rite branch, and is 
a thirty-second degree Mason. 

Mr. Martin was married, October 21, 
1880, to Miss Anna M. Eakin, who was 
born in Beaver county, and who was a 


daughter of John R. and Margaret 
(Mitchell) Eakin, prominent residents of 
Beaver. Mr. and Mrs. Martin became 
the parents of three daughters — Helen, 
the wife of Oliver C. Hurst, of Beaver 
Falls ; Margaret, wife of Frank M. 
Hoover, of Pittsburgh ; and Mary, wife 
of Robert C. Mayer, of New York City. 
Mrs. Martin was summoned to the life 
eternal March 22, 1910, and her remains 
are interred in the Beaver cemetery. 
She was a woman of must gracious per- 
sonality and her death is uniformly 
mourned throughout her home commu- 

Mr. Martin is a United Presbyterian 
in religious faith, anil is an active factor 
in church and Sunday-school work. He 
is a man of fine mentality and broad hu- 
man sympathy ; always courteous, kindly 
and affable and those who know him 
personally accord him the highest es- 
teem. His life has been exemplary in all 
respects, and he has ever supported those 
interests which are calculated to uplift 
and benefit humanity, and his own splen- 
did moral worth is deserving of the high- 
est commendation. He is a member of 
the Beaver County Country Club. 

WILSON, J. Sharp, 

Lawyer, Jurist. 

Among the distinctively prominent 

and brilliant lawyers of the State of 
Pennsylvania none is more versatile, tal- 
ented or well equipped for the work of 
his profession than J. Sharp Wilson, who 
maintains his home and business at Bea- 
ver, in the county of the same name. 
Throughout his career as an able attor- 
ney and well fortified counsellor he has, 
by reason of unimpeachable conduct and 
close observance of the unwritten code 
of professional ethics, gained the admira- 
tion and respect of his fellow members 
of the bar, in addition to which he com- 
mands a high place in the confidence and 

esteem of his fellow citizens. For ten 
years he was Presiding Judge of the 
Common Pleas Court of the Thirty-sixth 
Judicial District of Pennsylvania, and he 
has ever manifested a deep and sincere 
interest in all matters pertaining to the 
good of the Republican party, of whose 
principles he lias long been a zealous and 
active exponent. 

Judge James Sharp Wilson was born 
in Franklin township, Beaver county, 
Pennsylvania, November 10, 1862, son 
of John Hays and Mary Elizabeth (Me- 
hard) Wilson, the former of whom was 
a native of Beaver county, and the lat- 
ter born in Wayne township, Lawrence 
county, this State. The original pro- 
genitor of the Wilson family in America 
was Hugh Wilson, whose birth occurred 
in Ireland, in 1689, and who immigrated 
to America in 1736. He settled in 
Northampton county, Pennsylvania, 
where he became a man of prominence 
and influence in business and public af- 
fairs, and where he was the owner of a 
tract of seven hundred and thirty acres 
of land. He married Sarah Craig in Ire- 
land, and they were among the earliest 
settlers in the Irish Settlement. They 
became the parents of the following chil- 
dren : Samuel, Charles, Francis, James, 
Thomas, Mary, Margaret and Elizabeth. 
He died in 1773, at the age of eighty-four 
years, and was buried in the Settlement 
graveyard. His son Thomas was born 
in 1724, and married Elizabeth Hays in 
1760. Thomas Wilson removed with 
his family to Union county, Pennsyl- 
vania, in 1792, and died there in Febru- 
ary, 1799. His widow, Elizabeth H. Wil- 
son, came to Beaver county in 1803 with 
her two sons, William and Thomas, and 
they were the first representatives of the 
family in this section of the State. She 
died in December, 1812. Thomas Wilson 
was born June 17, 1775, and he passed 
the greater part of his active career in 
Beaver county, where he married Nancy 


Hemphill, October 7, 1806, and where he 
die.! July 7, i860. He was engaged in 
farming operations in what is now 
Franklin township, Beaver county, 
Pennsylvania. His son, John 11., was 
born May 22, 1822, and March 8, 1849, 
married Mary Elizabeth M chard. They 
became the parents of four sons and two 
daughters — 1. Nancy Jane, married Dr. 
J. M, Withrow, who died in 1870; she 
afterwards married James A. Jackson, 
and resides at North Sewickley, Penn- 
sylvania. 2. Christiana, married John G. 
McAnlis, who died in 1910; she now re- 
sides in New Castle, Pennsylvania. 3. 
William L., died March 1, 1906. 4. 
Omar T., lives in Denver, Colorado. 
5. James Sharp, the immediate subject 
of this review. 6. Dr. Loyal W., a 
prominent surgeon, a resident of New 
Castle, Pennsylvania. John H. Wilson 
•was a farmer in Franklin township dur- 
ing his active career and figured promi- 
nently in public affairs in his home com- 
munity during his life time. He was 
justice of the peace for many years, and 
at the time of his demise, June 16, 1892, 
was incumbent of the office of county 
commissioner. His wife passed to the 
life eternal in April, 1889. 

To the district schools of Franklin 
township, Beaver county, Pennsylvania, 
Judge Wilson is indebted for his rudi- 
mentary educational training, which was 
later supplemented by courses in several 
local academies. In 1891 he was matric- 
ulated as a student in Geneva College, at 
Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania, in which in- 
stitution he was graduated as a member 
of the class of 1885, with the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts. During the years 
1879-80-81 he taught school in Beaver 
county, and in 1883 he was a popular 
and successful teacher in Harmony 
Academy. After graduating from Gen- 
eva College he was engaged to teach the 
Slipperyrock school in Lawrence county, 
a school noted for the insubordination of 

the pupils. He had charge of that school 
for one year, and during that time had 
absolutely no trouble with any of the 
pupils under his supervision. 

in 18S5 Judge Wilson registered as a 
law student in the office of Judge Henry 
llice, at Beaver, lie made rapid prog- 
ress in his legal studies and was admit- 
ted to the Pennsylvania bar June 4, 1888, 
at which time he opened an office and in- 
itiated the active practice of his profes- 
sion at Beaver, where he has since re- 
sided permanently. During the inter- 
vening years to the present time he has 
succeeded in building up a large and 
lucrative clientage, and he has figured 
in some of the most important litigations 
in the State and Federal courts in this 
section. In November, 1895, he was hon- 
ored by his fellow citizens with election 
to the office of Presiding Judge of the 
Common Pleas Court of the Thirty-sixth 
Judicial District, and he was the popular 
and efficient incumbent of that office for 
a period of ten years, at the end of which 
he refused to become a candidate for re- 
election. After leaving the bench in 
January, 1906, Judge Wilson resumed 
the active practice of his profession at 
Beaver, where he is widely renowned for 
his skill as legist and jurist. 

Judge Wilson is financially interested 
in a number of business enterprises in 
Beaver, and is president of the Fort Mc- 
intosh National Bank, which he helped 
organize in July, 1906, and is a director 
and solicitor for the Crescent Portland 
Cement Company of Lawrence county. 
In connection with his legal work he is 
a valued and appreciated member of the 
Beaver County Bar Association, and in 
politics he is a Republican. He and his 
family are members of the Presbyterian 
church, in which he is a member of the 
board of trustees. He is a man of great 
force of character, broad intelligence and 
wide influence. 

December 25, 1888. was solemnized the 


marriage of Judge Wilson to Miss Sarah 
Ida Hazen, daughter of Nathan and Ju- 
dith (Zeigler) Hazen, of North Sewick- 
ley, Beaver county. Judge and Mrs. Wil- 
son have four children — John Howard, 
who was graduated in Washington-Jeffer- 
son College in 191 1, and is now a student 
in the law department of the University 
of Pittsburgh ; James Sharp Jr., who is at- 
tending Geneva College, at Beaver Falls; 
and Hugh Hazen and Mary Elizabeth, 
who are pupils in the public school at 

LEONARD, Jesse Rose, 

Leader in Petroleum Industry. 

Certain events in the early career of 
Jesse Rose Leonard, one of the best 
known representatives of the State's 
great petroleum industry, when he left 
his home and struck out for the "oil 
country," will help us to an estimate of 
his character upon which is based his 
success. He was born in Erie, Pennsyl- 
vania, son of William and Nancy (Prin- 
dle) Leonard, September 10, 1848. His 
father had come from Troy, New York, 
in 1840, and his mother's people at an 
earlier date from Connecticut. William 
Leonard was a carpenter and contractor ; 
at his death, in 1855, the family, consist- 
ing of the mother and five children, made 
their home with relatives in the county. 
A little later, the boy found himself 
obliged to make his own way, without 
so much even as an ordinary country 
school education. 

It was then the time of the earliest oil 
strikes in Venango county, and the ex- 
citement ran high on Oil creek. Quick 
to see the opportunity, he saved what 
money he could earn at saw mill and 
farm labor, and then, at the age of sev- 
enteen, set out afoot for the newly dis- 
covered fields. He took the first work 
which offered, that of hauling oil, but, 
as soon as the chance came, entered into 

the drilling and producing end of the 
petroleum business. This marked the 
beginning of his career. "Jim" Leonard, 
as he is generally called, passed through 
all phases of the practical part of the 
industry from driller and pumper to con- 
tractor and producer, gaining a reputa- 
tion for paying attention to busi- 
ness which has brought him success in 
many lines of affairs. While the "oil ex- 
citements" swept back and forth through 
Western Pennsylvania, whether it was 
Pithole or Petrolia, Cherry Grove or 
Bradford, J. R. Leonard, with his part- 
ners, the Hardisons and C. P. Collins, 
followed developments. He was married 
in Clarion county in 1873, t0 Mary Mc- 
Gee, daughter of William McGee, a lum- 
berman, of Tionesta, and Sarah (Dun- 
kle) McGee, descendant of the Dunkles 
of eastern Pennsylvania. To them were 
born five children: — Archie W., married, 
and lives in Tulsa, Oklahoma, where he 
is engaged in the oil and gas business; 
Burt H., married, and living in Pitts- 
burgh ; Eda A., married to Don A. Bax- 
ter of Lima, Ohio; Edna R., living with 
her father; and Mary Myrtle, married to 
William S. Paterson, of Flint, Michigan. 
Mrs. Leonard passed away in 1884, dur- 
ing the short time they lived in the state 
of Kansas. Thereafter the family re- 
turned east and, on the opening of the 
oil fields in northwestern Ohio, moved 
to Lima. 

In 1894 they took up their permanent 
residence in Beaver, Pennsylvania. Mr. 
Leonard had remarried (1886), his sec- 
ond wife being Bertha Ault, of Clarion 
county; they have two children, Lois and 
Lenore, both at school in New York 
State. The family attends the Presby- 
terian church, and is prominent socially 
in the Beaver Valley. 

At present Mr. Leonard is heavily in- 
terested in the production of oil and 
natural gas in this and many other 
States; he is president of the Devonian 



Oil Company, and vice-president of the 
Oklahoma Natural Gas Company. At 
the same time he has large interests in 
the financial affairs of Beaver and Pitts- 
burgh; he is president of the Beaver 
Trust Company, which is one of Beaver 
county's strongest institutions, and a di- 
rector in the Columbia National Bank, 
also in the Colonial Trust Company of 
Pittsburgh. He is active in all these cor- 
porations, attending to their business 
with that same fidelity and executive 
ability which early brought him success. 
It should be added that Mr. Leonard is 
interested in all that makes for the gen- 
eral progress, giving his support to 
churches and other institutions and good 
causes. He is a member of various Ma- 
sonic bodies in order through to the 
thirty-second degree ; a member of the 
Duquesne Club of Pittsburgh; in poli- 
tics, a Republican. His associations and 
interests mark, however, the man of 
broadmindedness. Simple in tastes, with 
a keen sense of honor, sympathetic, ap- 
proachable, Mr. Leonard is a man of 
great self-respect, who is liked by all 
those who know him. 

STAMM, Alexander Carson, 

Lawyer, Leader in Public Improvements. 

Alexander Carson Stamm, of Ilarris- 
burg, a member of the law firm of Olm- 
sted & Stamm which, for nearly twenty 
years, has occupied its present high po- 
sition at the Pennsylvania bar, is a rep- 
resentative of that sturdy Pennsylvania- 
German stock which more perhaps than 
any other element has contributed to the 
upbuilding and development of the Key- 
stone State and has left upon it an en- 
during racial stamp. 

Alexander Carson Stamm was born 
October 22, 1863, in Elizabethtown, Lan- 
caster county, Pennsylvania, son of Rev. 
John S. and Elizabeth (Brady) Stamm, 
and grandson of Rev. John Stamm. Mr. 

Stamm's education was obtained in the 
public schools of Mount Joy and Har- 
risburg and under private instruction, 
and when, after completing his course of 
study, he decided to devote himself to 
the legal profession, he pursued the cus- 
tomary line of reading in the office and 
under the guidance of M. E. Olmsted. 
The ability of the student did not escape 
the penetration of the preceptor, and 
when Mr. Stamm was admitted to the 
bar, he became the professional associ- 
ate of Mr. Olmsted. Mr. Stamm has 
been admitted to practice in both the 
State and United States courts. 

Mr. Stamm, without neglecting his 
professional duties, has found time to 
enter into projects for the wellbeing and 
advancement of Harrisburg. He served 
as a member of the Common Council for 
four terms, during the last of which he 
was president of that body. He also 
served for six years as a member of the 
Board of Public Works of Harrisburg, 
and during that time over a million dol- 
lars was spent by the board in public 
improvements, including the water fil- 
tration plant, the intercepting sewer in 
the Paxton Creek Valley and the rein- 
forced concrete Mulberry street viaduct. 
Mr. Stamm is one of the directors of the 
First National Bank. 

Mr. Stamm is a member of the State 
and County Bar Associations, the Har- 
risburg and Harrisburg Country Clubs 
and the Harrisburg Republican Club. 
He is a Thirty-second degree Mason. 

Mr. Stamm married, May 17, 1904, 
Mary Maude, daughter of Charles and 
Juliet (Terrill) Owen, of Mechanicsburg, 

REYNDERS, John Van Wicheren, 

Construction Wc 

John Van Wicheren Reynders, vice- 
president of the Pennsylvania Steel Com- 
pany, and one of the distinguished con- 


struct ive engineers of the United States, 
was born in Hoboken, New Jersey, De- 
cember i~, 1866, son of John and Louise 
(Sellers) Reynders. Now in his forty- 
sixth >ear, he has attained eminence in 
his profession and high position in the 
world of business. His early and pre- 
paratory education was obtained in the 
Hoboken Academy. He then went to 
Germany, continuing his studies in one 
of tin famous gymnasiums. ( In his re- 
turn he became a student at the Rens- 
selaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New 
York, whence he was graduated, class of 
1886, with the degree of civil engineer. 
He had specialized in constructive en- 
gineering, and after graduation spent 
four years in the service of steel bridge 
building concerns, gaining practical ex- 
perience in actual construction, under 
varying conditions. In the latter part 
of the year [890 he came to the Penn- 
sylvania Steel Company, assisting in the 
organization of the bridge building de- 
partment that corporation was then add- 
ing to their plant at Steelton, Pennsyl- 
vania. In 1892 he was appointed super- 
intendent of that department, tilling that 
important position with rare ability until 
1906, when he was elected vice-president 
of the corporation, with full control of 
the Steelton works. During his connec- 
tion with that plant he has erected some 
notable structures that stand pre-emi- 
nent in constructive achievement, in- 
cluding the steel arch bridge across the 
Niagara chasm, over which pass the 
trains of several railroad systems; the 
Gokteik Viaduct in Burmah, India, at 
the time of it-, construction the longest 
in the entire world; a large part of the 
suspension bridge across the East River, 
known as the Williamsburg bridge; also 
the Blackwell'- Island bridge was built 
by the Pennsylvania Steel Company 
under the administration and under the 
direction of Mr. Reynders. These are 
but a few of the great works planned and 

erected under his supervision. Contracts 
are taken for difficult or unusual steel 
construction in all parts of the world, the 
parts cast and tilted at the Steelton plant, 
shipped to destination, and there erected 
by the company's own engineering ex- 
perts. The story of the erection of the 
Burmah Viaduct is more interesting and 
exciting than the story of the most fa- 
mous military campaigns. The difficulties 
there encountered, however, were finally 
overcome, and the name of .Mr. Reyn- 
ders' company forever linked with a most 
wonderful engineering achievement car- 
ried to successful completion under most 
difficult conditions. lie is compelled in 
all his operations to meet not only his 
American competitors but the best con- 
structive companies of England and 
Germany. Success does not always at- 
tend his operations in meeting these com- 
mercial foes, but in many instances he 
has won important victories over world 
wide competition. It is not meant to im- 
ply that Mr. Reynders accomplishes the 
results named personally, — neither does 
the engineer pull the train, — but he is the 
guiding force that plans, inspires and 
directs. lie selects his subordinates 
with care, and is an unerring master of 
tlie art of selecting his chiefs of con- 
struction. He has attained distinction 
in the engineering world, and in that 
world nothing counts but unusual en- 
gineering achievement. By thai stan- 
dard he has won his own standing and 
a place for the Pennsylvania Steel Com- 
pany among the great constructive com- 
panies of the world. lie is a director of 
the Pennsylvania Steel Company and of 
the Steelton National Rank; member of 
tin' American Society of Civil Engineers, 
the American Society of Mining Engi- 
neers, the .American Society for Testing 
Materials, and the Engineers' Society of 

He is a trustee of the Harrisburg Hos- 
pital and an attendant of the Episcopal 


church. In politics he is a Republican, 
and an actively interested participant in 
National, State and local affairs. He 
has served as president of the town coun- 
cil of the borough of Steelton, and in 
1908 was alternate delegate to the Na- 
tional Republican Convention at Chi- 
cago that nominated President Taft. 
Plis clubs are the Engineers' and Univer- 
sity of New York City; the 1 Iarrisburg, 
and the Harrisburg Country. He is a 
member of the American Society of Civil 
Engineers, American Institute of Mining 
Engineers, and other scientific bodies. 

He married, October 6, 1894, Clare, 
daughter of Dr. Charlton of Harrisburg, 
Pennsylvania. Children : John Van Wich- 
eren (2), Charlton, and Clare Charlton. 

DUNLAP, William B„ 

Lawyer, Legislator. 

Hon. William Boyd Dunlap, now liv- 
ing retired at West Bridgewater, Penn- 
sylvania, was for fully twenty years a 
leading and influential citizen of Beaver, 
and his activity in business affairs, his 
co-operation in public interests and his 
zealous support of all objects that he 
believes will contribute to the material, 
social or moral improvement of the com- 
munity, keep him in the foremost rank 
of those to whom the city owes its de- 
velopment and present position as one 
of the leading business centers of the 
State. His life has been characterized 
by upright, honorable principles, and it 
also exemplifies the truth of the Emer- 
sonian philosophy that "the way to win 
a friend is to lie one." His genial, kindly 
manner wins him the high regard and 
good will of all with whom he conies in 
contact, and he commands the unalloyed 
confidence and esteem of his fellow citi- 

At Darlington, Pennsylvania, July 2, 
1836, occurred the birth of William Boyd 
Dunlap, who is a son of Samuel Ruther- 

ford and Nancy (Hemphill) Dunlap, the 
former of whom was summoned to the 
life eternal in October, 1890, and the lat- 
ter passed away in 1885. The father was 
a grandson of Walter Clarke, who was a 
member of the first Constitutional Con- 
vention of Pennsylvania which was held 
in Philadelphia in 1776, and over which 
Dr. Franklin presided. Walter Clarke 
was buried in 1802, in the Westfield cem- 
etery, then in Beaver county, now in 
Lawrence county. Mrs. Dunlap was the 
third .laughter of Joseph Hemphill, one 
of the three commissioners named in the 
Act of the General Assembly for the 
erection of the county of Beaver. The 
Dunlap home was at Darlington, Bea- 
ver county, and there Samuel R. Dunlap 

After completing the curriculum of the 
public schools of Darlington, William 
Boyd Dunlap attended the Darlington 
and Beaver academies, and subsequently 
was matriculated as a student in Jeffer- 
son College, at Canonsburg, Pennsyl- 
vania, in which institution he was gradu- 
ated as a member of the class of 1858. 
After leaving college he began the study 
of law in Beaver, but his health failed 
and he was obliged to turn his attention 
to other channels. From 1861 to 1864 
he was principal of the Scott school in 
Covington, Kentucky, and while teaching 
in that city the late General Fred. D. 
Grant was one of his pupils. Several of 
the other Grant children were pupils in 
different grades of the school at the same 
time. In 1864 Mr. Dunlap became asso- 
ciated with his brother, Joseph II. Dun- 
lap, in the Ohio river transportation 
business, operating between Pittsburgh, 
St. Louis and New Oilcans. From 1878 
to 1889 he was assistant superintendent 
of Gray's Iron Line of Boats, his brother 
being superintendent of the line during 
that period. This line was exclusively a 
heavy freight line, with several steamers 
and model barges for transporting rail- 


road iron to down-river points and for 
bringing back iron ore from the Missouri 
Iron Mountain Company for Pittsburgh 
furnaces. Mr. Dunlap was in the employ 
of this transportation company for eleven 
years, and at the end of that time, in 
1889, he came to Beaver, where he 
formed a connection with the Beaver 
"Daily Star" as its business manager. 
He retained the latter position until 
1909, when the plant of that paper was 
destroyed by tire and the publication dis- 
continued. Since 1909 Mr. Dunlap has 
been living a retired life in his fine sub- 
urban home at West Bridgewater, where 
he gives a general supervision to his ex- 
tensive real estate interests, the same in- 
cluding both farm and town property. 
He has holdings in various business cor- 
porations and banks and is a member of 
the board of directors of the Beaver 
Cemetery Association. 

Mr. Dunlap has always owned alle- 
giance to the principles and policies 
promulgated by the Democratic party, 
and he has been an active participant in 
public affairs at Beaver during the entire 
period of his residence in this section of 
the county. He was delegate to the 
Democratic National Convention in 1876 
that nominated Samuel J. Tilden for 
president. In 1890 he was honored by 
his fellow citizens with election to the 
State Senate, from the Forty-sixth Sen- 
atorial district, the same including Wash- 
ington and Beaver counties, and he was 
the efficient incumbent of that office for 
one term. The district was largely Re- 
publican at the time, but Mr. Dunlap 
overcame all opposition and was elected 
by a good majority. He is affiliated with 
the Masonic order, and in religious mat- 
ters is a Presbyterian, in which faith he 
was reared. Mr. Dunlap has always 
been a liberal and active supporter of all 
movements calculated to advance the 
best interests of his home community, 
and he is a man of mark in all the rela- 

tions of life. Although he has reached 
the venerable age of seventy-six years, 
he is hale and hearty, and retains in 
much of their pristine vigor the splendid 
mental and physical qualities of his 
prime. Mr. Dunlap has never married. 

McCREATH, Andrew S., 

Analytical Chemist. 

Andrew S. McCreath was born March 
8, 1849, at Ayr, Scotland, son of Wil- 
liam and Margaret (Crichton) McCreath. 
The former died in 1878, at the age of 
seventy-five, and the latter passed away 
in 1870, aged sixty-three. 

Their son received his preparatory ed- 
ucation at Ayr Academy and at Glasgow 
University. He also took special chem- 
ical courses at the Andersonian Univer- 
sity, Glasgow, under Professor Penny 
and Dr. Clark, and subsequently at the 
University of Gottingen, Germany, un- 
der Professors Wohler and Fittig. In 
1870 Mr. McCreath received an offer 
from the Pennsylvania Steel Company 
at Baldwin, Pennsylvania (now Steel- 
ton), which he accepted, and since that 
year has made his home in the United 
States. He was the first chemist exclu- 
sively employed by a steel company in 
this country. In August, 1874, he was 
appointed by the State Geologist chemist 
to the Second Geological Survey of 
Pennsylvania, retaining the position 
throughout the entire existence of that 
body, a period of more than ten years. 
He prepared three reports for the State 
Geologist, and is the author of special re- 
ports on the mineral resources along the 
lines of the Shenandoah Valley, Norfolk 
& Western, and Louisville & Nashville 
Railroads. Mr. McCreath is still actively 
engaged in his profession as an analytical 
chemist. In 1901 he associated with him 
his son Lesley, practicing under the firm 
name of Andrew S. McCreath & Son. 
This firm makes a specialty of iron, ores, 



steel and coal, and samples and analyzes 
practically all the foreign ores imported 
into this country. 

Mr. McCreath is a member of the 
American Philosophical Society of Phila- 
delphia, the American Institute of Mining 
Engineers, the Mining and Metallurgical 
Society of America, and the British Iron 
and Steel Institute of Great Britain. He 
is a fellow of the American Association 
for the Advancement of Science, and a 
member of the Contour-Topographic and 
Geological Survey Commission of Penn- 
sylvania. Mr. McCreath is a director of 
the llarrisburg National Bank and the 
Harrisburg Hospital. He is a member of 
the Protestant Episcopal church. 

Mr. McCreath married, February 4, 
1875, Eliza, daughter of Charles L. and 
Mary (Hummel) Berghaus. Six chil- 
dren have been born to them, four of 
whom are still living — Andrew S. Jr., 
Lesley, Robert and William. Mrs. Mc- 
Creath died in 1909. 

HENDERSON, William M., 

Man of Affairs. 

William M. Henderson, a well known 
citizen and man of affairs of Carlisle, 
Pennsylvania, is a representative of a 
family of Scotch-Irish origin which for 
nearly two centuries has been resident in 
the Keystone State. On the maternal 
side Mr. Henderson is a scion of another 
pioneer family of Pennsylvania, distin- 
guished in both colonial and national an- 

James Wilson Henderson, father of 
William M. Henderson, was born Oc- 
tober 19, 1824, and was a son of William 
M. and Elizabeth (Parker) Henderson. 
The Henderson and Parker families emi- 
grated from the province of Ulster, Ire- 
land, and many of those bearing these 
names rose to distinction in the county 
and State. James Wilson Henderson was 
educated in the district schools of Car- 

lisle, afterward studying at Dickinson 
College. Until his marriage he assisted 
his father in the management of the lat- 
ter's farm, and shortly before the out- 
break of the Civil War organized the 
firm of Henderson & Reed, which for a 
number of years carried on a flourishing 
warehouse and forwarding business. 
Mr. Henderson eventually retired, and 
during the remainder of his life gave his 
whole attention to the management of 
his estate and the cultivation of his farm. 
Mr. Henderson married, June 26, 1856, 
Jane Byers, daughter of Samuel and 
Anne S. (Blaine) Alexander. Samuel 
Alexander was one of the most promi- 
nent attorneys in Southern Pennsyl- 
vania, and commanded the home militia, 
being known as General Alexander. His 
wife was an aunt of James G. Blaine. 
Mr. and Mrs. Henderson were the pa- 
rents of two sons — Samuel, who died in 
1886; and William Miller, mentioned be- 
low. The death of Mr. Henderson oc- 
curred March 25, 1880. 

William Miller, son of James Wilson 
and Jane Byers (Alexander) Henderson, 
was born January 21, 1864, in Carlisle, 
Pennsylvania, and was educated at the 
Pennsylvania Military College, Chester, 
Pennsylvania. For twelve years Mr. 
Henderson was identified with the Na- 
tional Guard, but his time is now wholly 
occupied in the management of the fam- 
ily estate and in attention to his numer- 
ous business interests. He is director 
in the Carlisle Deposit Company and a 
trustee of the Carlisle Hospital. Despite 
his many and engrossing duties, Mr. 
Henderson finds time for the amenities of 
social life and enjoys a high degree of 
personal popularity. He affiliates with 
the Masonic fraternity, and is a member 
of the Carlisle Club. He also belongs to 
the Cumberland County Historical So- 

Actively interested in all that concerns 
the welfare and advancement of his na- 


tive city, any plan for the promotion of 
these ends which commends itself to his 
judgment receives from Mr. Henderson 
hearty co-operation. His career presents 
the combined records of the public-spir- 
ited civilian and the citizen-soldier — 
types essential to the security and well- 
being of any community. 

WANNER, Nevin M., 

Lawyer, Jurist. 

From the earliest days of our history, 
Pennsylvania has been justly proud of 
the professional eminence of the mem- 
bers of her bar. No other State in this 
great country can boast of as many emi- 
nent jurists as are to be found in the 
annals of her forum, and none other can 
point with as much pride to the forensic 
ability and legal acumen of its practi- 
tioners, living or dead, as can our own. 
Prominent in this class, and one whom 
his fellow-citizens have seen fit to honor 
with offices and trusts of no ordinary 
responsibility, is Hon. Nevin M. Wan- 
ner, President Judge of the York county 

He was born of German extraction on 
both sides of his family, at Washington- 
ville, Columbia county, Ohio, May 14, 
1850, son of Rev. A. Wanner, a former 
well known minister of the Reformed 
Church, and Rebecca (Miller) Wanner, 
both of whom died in York, Pennsyl- 
vania, the former in 1894, the latter on 
November 8, 1905. His early education 
was obtained in a typical log school- 
house of a bygone day; his public school 
studies were completed when he was 
graduated from the high school at Ger- 
mantown, Ohio, in 1 866. In the same 
year when only sixteen years of age he 
entered Heidelberg College, at Tiffin, 
Ohio, leaving after two years to enter 
Franklin and Marshall College, where he 
was graduated in 1870, carrying off one 
of the leading honors of his class, the 

"Franklin Oration." After his gradua- 
tion he took a two-years course of law 
lectures in the Law Department of the 
University of Pennsylvania, and obtain- 
ing the necessary office experience with 
General B. F. Fisher, of Philadelphia, and 
Erastus H. Weiser, of York. On August 
28, 1872, he was admitted to the bar of 
York county, and soon after to the Su- 
preme Court of his State and various 
courts of the Commonwealth. Beginning 
his career with an excellent classical edu- 
cation, Air. Wanner has confined himself 
to a close relationship with the law, to 
the practical exclusion of all other inter- 
ests. During the last quarter century 
of his practice Mr. Wanner is said to 
have attended every session of the Su- 
preme Court held for York county cases, 
ami throughout his practice of thirty- 
three years gained such renown as a trial 
lawyer that he probably tried more cases 
than any other member of the local bar 
had ever done. As a lawyer he held nu- 
merous positions of trust and honor, not 
the least of these being that of solicitor 
for the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, 
the Northern Central Railway Company 
and the lines controlled by them in York, 
Adams, Cumberland and Perry counties. 

In politics Mr. Wanner has always 
supported the principles of conservative 
Democracy. In 1887 he was elected dis- 
trict attorney of York county, and on 
November 7, 1905, was elevated to the 
bench. His election to this honored po- 
sition was not merely the usual result of 
a party nomination, as his party in the 
county of York had received a disastrous 
defeat in the preceding general election, 
but it was because of his long experience 
at the bar, his acknowledged ability and 
intimate personal acquaintance with all 
classes of the people, that he received 
the hearty general support that was indi- 
cative, not of party mandates, but of 
strong public sentiment. 

On November 1, 1882, Judge Wanner 


^t. 9m. 


married Amelia Doudel Croll, daughter 
(if the late John S. Croll, of York, Penn- 

Judge Wanner's faithful performance 
of public tn^ts and his pre-eminence as 
a lawyer make him a conspicuous figure 
in his county and an object of the regard, 
esteem and respect <>f his acquaintances. 
He is a man of marked ability, in or out 
of his profession; possesses original and 
decided views on ail subjects, which he 
enforces with clear ami cogent reason- 
ing, and occupies a position socially, in- 
tellectually, and officially that plans him 
among the most highly esteemed of 
Pennsylvania's representative men. 

SCOTT. Jesse Y., 

Physician and Surgeon. 

Dr. J.s^e Y. Scott, one of the leading 
and successful physicians of Washington 
county, Pennsylvania, was born in Fal- 
lovvfield township, November 13, [848, 
son of Joseph A. and Eliza (Shepler) 
Scott, lie is of pioneer and Revolution- 
ary ancestors. His great-grandfather 
Scott entered the Revolutionary army at 
tin age of seventeen and served through- 
out the war. He was in the encampment 
at Valley Forge. Shortly before he en- 
tered the army all the members of his 
father's family, excepting only himself, 
were killed by tin Indians. Dr. Scott's 
parents were both natives of Washing- 
ton county, and of Scotch ancestry. His 
father was a farmer, a Presbyterian, and 
a man 1 f high character, lie died Febru- 
ary 15, l88l, and Ins wife died April 15, 
v 1892. 

Dr. Scott's boyhood life was passed on 
the home farm, where he assisted in the 
general work and attended the country 
schools. '1 his elementary training was 
supplemented by a course at the South- 
western State Normal School at Califor- 
nia, and foi several terms he taught 
school. In 1870 he commenced the read- 

ing of medicine with Dr. J. 11. Leyda, of 
Bentleyville, and later attended the Med- 
ical Department of the University of 

Pennsylvania, from which he was gradu- 
ated with honorable mention in 1875, 
receiving the degree of Doctor of Medi- 
cine. His first practice was at Centre- 
ville, Washington county, where he re- 
mained for two years; for one year fol- 
lowing this he practiced in Pittsburgh, 
and then came to Bentleyville, where he 
remained for eleven years. In June, 
1889, he came to Washington, and here 
he has remained and followed his profes- 
sion from that tune. Dr. Scott's prac- 
tice is naturally of a general character, 
yet he makes a specialty of surgery. In 
all his work he has been very successful, 
and has shown also the possession of 
tin necessary personal qualities to win a 
creditable standing in the- profession. 
From the organization of the Washing 
ton Hospital in tool he has been the sur 
geon of this institution. For twelve 
years he has been a member and during 
the greater part of this tune he has been 
president of the United States Pen-ion 
Examining Hoard. As a progressive 
physician and surgeon, lie is a n 
of the Washington County Medical So- 
ciety, of which he was at one time presi 
dent; the Pennsylvania Medical Society, 
ami the American Medical Association. 
I >r. Scotl is prominent in public af- 
fairs, and a supporter of efforts for the 
public welfare, ami is highly n 
and well liked socially. He has also a 
number of business interests locally, a 
farm in the country, and large holdings 
of real estate in the city. There an real 
estate holdings in Kentucky also, and 
extensive lumber interests in that State. 
another one of his holdings being a third 
interest in a 2.700-acrc ranch in Texas. 
1 h. Scott is a director of the Wa 
Trust Company, member of the Benevo- 
lent and Protective Order of F.Iks and 
of the Improved < )rder of I [ept 




In politics Dr. Scott has never been a 
seeker for office; he has, however, served 
on the city school board. His party is 
the Republican, and both he and his wife 
are members of the Central Presbyterian 
Church, of which Dr. Scott is an elder. 

Dr. Scott married, June 16, l88r, a 
daughter of Henry B. and Mary Ann 
(Rogers) McLean, of Beallsville, Wash- 
ington county, Pennsylvania. Henry B. 
McLean, now deceased, was a former 
county commissioner. Dr. Scott is a man 
of much force of character and strong 
individuality, and his pleasant, social 
manner has won him a host of warm 

MELOY, Robert H., 


One of the well educated lawyers, of 
good professional and social standing, in 
the city of Washington, Pennsylvania, 
is Robert H. Meloy. He was born in 
the county, July I, 1868. His parents, 
Robert Y. and Jane (Brownlee) Meloy, 
were both natives of the same county, 
where his father was a farmer. He was 
a Republican and a member of the 
United Presbyterian church. Robert Y. 
Meloy died October 25, 18S7, and his 
wife died in 19 12. 

Mr. Meloy was brought up on his 
father's farm, and attended the district 
school. For two years, while preparing 
himself for a higher education, he taught 
in the country schools, studied at Buf- 
falo Academy, afterward at McDonald 
Academy. Thus he was enabled to en- 
ter Washington and Jefferson College, 
and in 1892 to graduate therefrom, re- 
ceiving its baccalaureate degree in Arts. 
Mr. Meloy aLo received the degree of 
Master of Arts from the same college. 
Then for four years more he taught, but 
now in the Jefferson Academy at Ca- 
nonsburg. At the same time he was 
studying law with T. B. H. Brownlee, 

of Washington. July 1, 1898, he was ad- 
mitted to the bar in Washington county. 
He opened an office at Washington, 
and has practiced in this place from that 
time to the present. He has been admit- 
ted to practice in all the State and Fed- 
eral courts. Mr. Meloy is a member of 
the Washington County Bar Associa- 

The law does not exhaust his inter- 
ests. His business standing is such that 
he is a director of the Real Estate Trust 
Company at Washington. Likewise, his 
interest in history has led to his being a 
member of the Washington County His- 
torical Society. He is and always has 
been active in public matters, and is a 
supporter of the Progressive party, but 
has never sought office. As a social man 
and a believer in sane and true recrea- 
tion, he is a golf player, and a member 
of the Washington Country Club, also 
of the Bassett Men's Social Club, which 
organization takes its name from the 
former name of what is now the city of 

Mr. Meloy married, June 5, 1902, Sara, 
daughter of D. K. and Sara (Brownlee) 
Albright, who died April 17, 191 2. He 
has two children, both daughters, — Jane 
and Sara. Mr. Meloy is a member of 
the Second United Presbyterian Church. 

HUGHES, Blanchard G., 


Barnabas Hughes, the founder of this 
family, a native of Ireland, came to the 
American colonies in 1756, and settled in 
New Jersey. His son John was a Revo- 
lutionary soldier; after the ^expedition 
to Quebec, in which he had part, he was 
promoted to be a captain. After the war 
he came to Western Pennsylvania, to the 
region of the present Greene and Wash- 
ington counties, where he became pos- 
sessed of large holdings of land. His 
great-grandson was James M. Hughes, a 



native of Washington county, who died 
December 19, 1905. He during the Civil 
War was a member of Company D, 
140th Regiment, Pennsylvania Volun- 
teer Infantry, and saw hard service for 
three and one half years. At Gettysburg 
he was wounded, though not seriously. 
His widow, Sarah E. (Bayne) Hughes, 
is now living. 

James M. Hughes was an insurance 
and real estate dealer, transacting a large 
business in these lines. Although inter- 
ested in public affairs, he did not take an 
active part. In politics he was a Repub- 
lican. His sons were brought up in 
Washington, attending public school, in- 
cluding the high school, and both gradu- 
ated from Washington and Jefferson Col- 

Blanchard G. Hughes, the older of 
these sons, was born at Washington, 
May 14, 1868. His public school gradua- 
tion occurred in 1886, and his college 
graduation five years later. He then en- 
tered the Law Department of the Uni- 
versity of Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, 
and, having completed his course, he was 
admitted to the bar in New York State. 
Intending, however, to remain in Penn- 
sylvania, he was admitted to the bar in 
Washington county, January 27, 1896. 
Soon after this admission he began prac- 
tice at Washington, where he has re- 
mained. Lie is admitted to practice in all 
the State and Federal courts. He also 
has other business interests, and is a man 
of high standing both professionally and 
as a citizen. While he was in college 
he was a member of the Phi Delta Theta 
fraternity. He is a member of the Ma- 
sons and of the Elks. Mr. Hughes holds 
membership in the Bar Associations of 
his State and county. While not active 
in public affairs, he is interested, and he 
is a Republican voter. 

Associated with him in his legal prac- 
tice is his younger brother, Haldain B. 
Hughes, and the firm is named Hughes 

& Hughes. This brother was born at 
Washington, August 15, 1871. He 
graduated from the Washington High 
School in 1887, and from Washington 
and Jefferson College in 1892. His legal 
training was gained by reading with 
Hon. James F. Taylor, now district 
judge, and he was admitted to the bar 
October 30, 1895. From the first he has 
been in partnership with his brother, 
and, like him, he has been admitted to 
practice in both State and Federal 
courts. He is president of the Washing- 
ton County Bar Association, and is a 
member of the Washington county ex- 
amining board for admission to the bar. 
As may be supposed from these facts, he 
is an able lawyer and advocate of high 
repute. He is a member of the Free and 
Accepted Masons and of the Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks. He is a 
Republican, and is active in public af- 
fairs, supporting all measures which he 
judges to be for the best interest of the 
community. His standing is high, not 
only professionally, but also as a citizen. 
Blanchard G. Hughes has not married. 
Haldain B. Hughes married, November 
17, 191 1, Charlotte M. Martin, of Wash- 

HAMILTON, Harry D., 


Harry David Hamilton, of Washing- 
ton, is descended from a sturdy, honest, 
progressive stock, which has been promi- 
nent in the affairs of its section. The im- 
migrant, Alexander Hamilton, who came 
from County Down, Ireland, in 1793, 
was his great-great-grandfather. He 
settled in Nottingham township, Wash- 
ington county. 

The father of Harry David Hamilton, 
Alexander T. Hamilton, was born in the 
county. He became a physician, and was 
in active practice till his death, which oc- 
curred May 15, 1897. He was a fore- 



most citizen, attempting to fulfil his civic 
duties to the advantage of the people 
among whom his life was cast. He was 
a Democrat and a Presbyterian. His 
widow, Sarah (Camp) Hamilton, a na- 
tive of Columbiana county, Ohio, is still 
living. Beside his professional activi- 
ties, Dr. Hamilton maintained the home 
farm, and here his son, Harry David, was 
burn, in Chartiers township, January 21, 
1874, and brought up. His education 
was begun in the country district school. 
This, however, he attended but for a 
few terms. The family removed while 
he was a lad to Finley township, Alle- 
gheny county, and from there again in 
1887 to Pittsburgh. In each of these 
places his father practiced his profession, 
and the son attended public school. In 
Pittsburgh Dr. Hamilton died, but mean- 
while his son had graduated, in 1895, 
from the high school of that city, and 
entered Washington and Jefferson Col- 
lege. From this he graduated in 1899, 
with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. At 
once, in the fall following his gradua- 
tion, he entered the Law Department of 
the Western University of Pennsylvania, 
now known as the University of Pitts- 
burgh, lie was registered as a student of 
law September 12, 1899. Having gradu- 
ated in the class of 1902 and received his 
degree of Bachelor of Laws, he was ad- 
mitted to practice in the courts of Alle- 
gheny county. Admission to the courts 
of Washington county was granted De- 
cember 2nd, 1902. For a short time be- 
fore his admission in Washington 
county, Mr. Hamilton was with the Fi- 
delity and Trust Company. Since that 
time, he has had his office at Washing- 
ton, and been actively engaged in prac- 
tice, in which he has been successful. He 
has been admitted to practice in all the 
State and Federal courts. In June, 1907, 
he was appointed a member of the Wash- 
ington County Board of Law Examiners, 
and he is secretary of this board. He is a 

member of the County and State Bar As- 

Mr. Hamilton is active also in public 
and political affairs. The Democratic 
party has given him its nomination for 
the office of district attorney and for 
membership in the State legislature; but, 
as this party is heavily in the minority, 
he has failed of election. He is now a 
member of the City Council, having been 
elected in November, 191 1, for a term of 
four years. Of the Democratic county 
committee he has been a member, and he 
has represented the District and State in 
party conventions. Nevertheless, he is 
not a rigid party man, but disposed to be 
independent, although favoring the Dem- 
ocratic position in general, and a decided 
and leading progressive within the party. 
Mr. Hamilton is especially interested in 
historical studies, and is a member of the 
Washington County Historical Society 
and of the American Historical Associa- 
tion. In the Masons, he is a member of 
several bodies, of the chapter and coun- 
cil, and holds the rank of past master. 

He married, June 3, 1903, Mabel, 
daughter of Frederick and Mary E. 
(Charlton) Blood, of Washington, Penn- 
sylvania. They have one daughter, 
Elizabeth. Mr. and Mrs. Hamilton are 
members of the Second Presbyterian 
Church, and he is a deacon in that con- 
gregation. He is also treasurer of the 
Sunday school, and is active in both 
church and Sunday school work. 

MURDOCH, John Huey, 

Lawyer, Financier. 

With the truest and bluest of old 
Scotch blood flowing in his veins, and 
the honorable example of forbears who 
raised the name of Murdoch high, the 
remarkable career of John Huey Mur- 
doch is not surprising, although no credit 
or praise should be withheld from him. 
The lesral turn of mind which has char- 



acterized the family for the past century 
was strong in his grandfather, Alexan- 
der .Murdoch, who was appointed pro- 
thonotary of the Court of Common 
Pleas and Orphans Court hy Governor 
Snyder of Pennsylvania. During the 
war of 1S12 he was extremely active, 
supporting and upholding all the move- 
ments of the military leaders. In the 
development and improvement of the lo- 
cality in which he lived (Washington 
county, Pennsylvania), he also was great- 
ly interested, and was one of the incor- 
porators of the Washington and Wil- 
liamsport Turnpike Company and the 
Pittsburgh Turnpike Company. He mar- 
ried Elizabeth Henderson, whose father, 
Rev. Matthew Henderson, was one of 
the early ministers of the Associate 
Church (now the United Presbyterian) 
and one of the organizers of the Canons- 
burg Academy, which was later incorpo- 
rated as Jefferson College. 

The father of John Huey Murdoch, 
Alexander Murdoch, was graduated from 
Washington College in 1837, and after a 
short time spent in business in Virginia 
began studying law in the office of the 
Hon. John L. Gow, and in 1843, upon his 
admittance to the Pennsylvania bar, be- 
gan his long and successful career as an 
advocate of the right and protector of 
the weak and oppressed. In early life 
his political allegiance was with the Dem- 
ocratic party, but he afterward became 
one of the ardent, active and enthusiastic 
members of the Republican administra- 
tion. He was twice appointed United 
States Marshal for the Western District 
of Pennsylvania by President Lincoln, 
and was appointed a third time by Presi- 
dent Grant, but after serving three years 
of his third term resigned, at the same 
time retiring from active legal and po- 
litical pursuits. He was a member of 
the board of trustees of Washington Col- 
lege, resigning in 1853, and after the 

merging of the two colleges, Washing- 
ton and Jefferson, was elected a member 
of the board of trustees of that institu- 
tion, an office he later resigned. For 
many years he was a member of the 
board of directors of the Washington 
Fire Insurance Company, and from 1864 
until his death served as its president. 
The First National Bank of Washington 
claimed his services as director for sev- 
eral years, and later made him president, 
a position he held until his death. The 
United Presbyterian Church owed much 
of its prosperity to his untiring efforts 
and generous contributions, while his 
private charities were many and varied. 
He married Eliza Huey, who now, with 
him, rests in the cemetery at Washing- 
ton, after lives of usefulness. He died 
April 14, 1903, in the eighty-ninth year 
of his age. 

John Huey Murdoch was born in 
Washington county, Pennsylvania, No- 
vember 5, 1848. He received his prepara- 
tory education in the public school, later 
entered Washington and Jefferson Col- 
lege, where he was graduated in 1869 
with the degree of A. B. He entered his 
father's office and began the study of 
law. During his years of preparation he 
was a deputy under his father, who was 
at that time United States Marshal. He 
was admitted to the bar in 1873 and im- 
mediately opened an office in Washing- 
ton, Pennsylvania, where he has ever 
since resided. His practice extends to 
all the District, State and Federal courts; 
he is a member of the County and State 
Bar Associations, and has gained an en- 
viable reputation as an able, resourceful, 
energetic and upright lawyer. He has 
naturally had much exercise in public 
speaking and is a finished, accomplished 
orator, and his oratorical talents have 
always been at the service of the Repub- 
lican party in times of strenuous cam- 
paigns. He was a delegate to the Re- 


publican National Convention in Phila- 
delphia in 1900, and a member of the 
committee which notified Theodore 
Roosevelt of his nomination for vice- 
president in that same year. His politi- 
cal strength has never been directed to 
obtaining office for himself, but freely 
and unselfishly devoted toward the ad- 
vancement and ultimate benefit of the 
party he supports. 

His business life has been crowned 
with the same success which has marked 
his legal and political life. He suc- 
ceeded his father as president of the 
Washington County Fire Insurance 
Company; has been president of the 
Union Trust Company since its organi- 
zation in 1902, prior to which time he 
was president of the Washington Trust 
Company; president of the Waynesburg 
Water Company; vice-president of Citi- 
zens' Water Company of Washington ; 
director of the Pittsburgh Life and Trust 
Company of Pittsburgh; solicitor of the 
First National Bank of Washington ; and 
president of the board of trustees of 
Washington Seminary. Besides the 
above enterprises he is interested in va- 
rious business operations of minor im- 
portance. Since 1879 ne has been an 
elder in the United Presbyterian church, 
and for thirty-three consecutive years 
was superintendent of the Sunday school, 
in which position he has been succeeded 
by his son Edgar. Seldom is there a 
man found whose entire life has been so 
above reproach, so clean and so whole- 
some and, more than that, so uniformly 
a success. 

He married, January 8, 1874, Martie 
Boyle, daughter of Robert and Anne 
(Miller) Boyle. Children: Edgar B.; 
May Huey, married Rev. William M. 
French, of Beaver county, Pennsylva- 
nia; Anna Virginia and John Huey 
(2). Both sons have chosen the profes- 
sion of law and are associated with their 

LEWIS, Robert J., 

Lawyer, Public Official. 

The Lewis family is of ancient Welsh 
origin. Robert J. Lewis of York, Penn- 
sylvania, descends lineally from Ellis ap 
Lewis (Ellis, son of Lewis) fifth in de- 
scent from John ap Griffith, second son 
of Griffith ap Howell (living 1542), Lord 
of Nannau in Wales, born 1680. He was 
a Quaker, and to escape persecution pre- 
pared to emigrate in 1698, but illness pre- 
venting, he went to Ireland, coming 
thence in 1708. The certificate of Ellis 
Lewis's removal from Mount Mellick, Ire- 
land is 5-5-1708. Settlement was made 
in Chester county, where the family be- 
came prominent as they have in York 
county, producing many eminent jurists 
and business men. 

Melchinger Robert Lewis was born in 
Dover, York county, Pennsylvania, Sep- 
tember 29, 1838. He was a well-known 
manufacturer of agricultural implements, 
and was the last sealer of weights and 
measures in York county under the old 
law. He married Justina, daughter of 
Jacob Maul, a farmer, whose ancestry 
traced to the Palatinate of Germany. 

Robert J., son of Melchinger Robert 
and Justina (Maul) Lewis, was born in 
Dover, York county, Pennsylvania, De- 
cember 30, 1864. His early and academic 
education was obtained in the public 
schools of Dover and York high school. 
Deciding upon the profession of law he 
entered Yale University (law school) 
whence he was graduated LL.B., class of 
1891, which fact entitled him to practice 
in the Connecticut courts. On August 3, 
1891, he was admitted to the York county 
bar, later being admitted to all State and 
Federal courts of the district. He began 
practice in York and is now actively en- 
gaged there in his profession. 

In 1893 he was elected a member of 
the Board of School Control from the 

C&2&7 &j^JSj?^- 


C ) 


9th ward of York, reelected in 1897 and 
1903, serving as chairman of the teachers' 
committee. From 1895 to 1897 he was 
city solicitor. In 1896 he was the Repub- 
lican candidate for mayor of York, and 
after a close vote was finally declared 
defeated by a majurity of seventeen. In 
1S98 he was the unsuccessful candidate 
of his party for Representative in Con- 
gress, but carried his own city of York 
by a majority of 896. In 1900 Air. Lewis 
was again the candidate of his party for 
Congress from the Nineteenth Congres- 
sional District, composed (then) of the 
counties of Adams, Cumberland and 
York. An evidence of the high esteem 
and one particularly gratifying is the 
fact that although President McKinley 
lost the district by 1495, Mr. Lewis on 
the same ticket carried it by a majority 
of 986. The city of York gave him a 
majority of 1257, although two Democra- 
tic wards had been added to the city area 
since the election of 1898. This support 
from his home city speaks volumes in 
favor of Mr. Lewis. He served his full 
term of two years and then returned to 
private life, his law practice and his priv- 
ate business enterprises. Mr. Lewis was 
elected as a school director from the city 
at large in 191 1, and has been president 
of the board for two years. 

Mr. Lewis is a member of the Masonic 
order, the Junior Order American Me- 
chanics, the Benevolent Protective Order 
of Elks, the Knights of Malta, the 
Knights of the Mystic Circle, the Knights 
of Pythias, the Heptasophs, the Modern 
Woodmen of America, and other frater- 
nal, social and beneficial organizations. 

He married, May 17, 1893, Anna C, 
daughter of George D. Beeler, a farmer 
of Manchester township, now living re- 
tired in York, and his wife Elizabeth, 
daughter of Frederick Sultzbach, an ex- 
member of the Pennsylvania legislature. 
Children: Elizabeth, born August 29, 
1897; George Robert, August 31, 1900; 

Marian Justina, March 5, 1902. Mrs. 
Lewis died May 4, 1910. 

SMITH, S. Morgan, 

Clergyman, Manufacturer. 

That a man should be a leader of his 
fellows alike in things spiritual and tem- 
poral, would appear to many well-nigh 
incredible were it not that its possibility 
has been so strikingly demonstrated in 
the career of the late S. Morgan Smith, 
in his early manhood pastor of Moravian 
churches in York and in Canal Dover, 
Ohio, and for many years thereafter a 
resident of York, and head of the cele- 
brated firm of S. Morgan Smith & Com- 
pany, of which he had been the founder. 

John W. Smith, father of S. Alorgan 
Smith, was born in 181 1, in Davie coun- 
ty, North Carolina, which had been the 
birthplace of his father also. John W. 
Smith married Sarah Purdon Beauchamp, 
who was born in 1816, and whose father 
was a native of Davie county, her grand- 
father having been born in Frederick, 
Maryland, where her great-grandfather, 
a native of France, settled on arriving in 
this country. 

S. Morgan, son of John W. and Sarah 
Purdon (Beauchamp) Smith, was born 
February 1, 1839, in Davie county, where 
he received his preliminary education in 
the public schools, afterward entering the 
Moravian College, Bethlehem, Pennsyl- 
vania. From this institution he was 
graduated in 1861 to the ministry of the 
Moravian church. He was immediately 
called to the pastorate of the church of 
that denomination in York, where he re- 
mained until 1866. In that year he be- 
came pastor of the Moravian church at 
Canal Dover, Ohio, where he labored 
assiduously for five years. At the end 
of that time failing health forced him 
to retire from the work of the ministry, 
to the great regret of all to whom he was 


known, his devotion in both his pastorates 
having been fruitful of good results. 

Finding it necessary to turn his atten- 
tion to another field of endeavor, Mr. 
Smith's mind naturally reverted to the in- 
terest in machinery which he had mani- 
fested even as a boy. The result was the 
invention of the "Success" washing-ma- 
chine, many thousands of which were 
sold in all parts of the world. About 
1876 Mr. Smith turned his attention to 
hydraulics, and soon after invented the 
"Success" turbine, which became very 
popular with the milling interests. In 
1871 Mr. Smith founded the firm of S. 
Morgan Smith & Company, which was 
from its inception engaged in the manu- 
facture of mill machinery and turbine 
water wheels, the latter his own inven- 
tion. Other lines of business were taken 
up from time to time, improvements 
being made on the turbine water wheel, 
until, at the time of the death of its 
founder, this great manufacturing estab- 
lishment was the largest of its kind in 
the country. In 1898 Mr. Smith organ- 
ized the S. Morgan Smith Company, the 
management of which was largely turned 
over to his sons, this affording him an 
opportunity to indulge in a period of 
much needed rest and travel.' The suc- 
cess of his bons in conducting and build- 
ing up the business founded by their 
father has been extraordinary. The corn- 
pan)- manufactures the McCormick and 
the New Success (the latter their own 
invention) turbine wheels, power trans- 
mitting machinery, boilers, and other 
special products. The concern employs 
five hundred men, and it is interesting to 
know that it has installed a turbine outfit 
in the city of Jerusalem, in the Holy 
Land, and numbers in Japan and Russia. 
A number of the company's wheels are 
in use in the Niagara Falls power houses. 

Endowed with an energy that vitalized 
all his undertakings, Mr. Smith, through- 
out his career, displayed business talents 

of the highest order. Especially was he 
noted for the justice and generosity which 
ever marked his conduct toward his em- 
ployes who, in return, manifested the 
utmost devotion to his interests. Public- 
spirited, widely but unostentatiously 
charitable, ever aiding to the utmost of 
his power every influence which made for 
the well-being and advancement of the 
community anil for the uplifting and 
maintenance of high standards, he might 
truly be called a model citizen. Of fine 
personal appearance, of a nature so 
genial and sympathetic as to possess a 
rare magnetism, ever meeting all with a 
dignified and kindly courtesy, he pos- 
sessed the respect and love of multitudes. 

Mr. Smith married, April 8, 1862, 
Emma R., daughter of John Fahs, a na- 
tive of York, and the following children 
were born to them : Charles Elmer, 
Stephen Fahs, Beauchamp Harvey, Sarah 
Purdon, Susan Ellen, and Mary Delia. 

Mr. Smith was a man of strong domestic 
affections, devoted to his home and fam- 
ily. His rare social gifts were never 
more happily manifested than when he 
appeared as a host, as all who ever en- 
joyed the privilege of his hospitality can 
most conclusively testify. The death of 
this gifted and lovable man, which oc- 
curred April 12, 1903, in Los Angeles, 
California, whither he had gone on a visit 
to his son Beauchamp, was mourned 
deeply and sincerely by all classes of the 
community. At all times he had stood as 
an able exponent of the spirit of the age 
in regard to progress and improvement; 
and over the record of his life, both as 
a business man and a private citizen, 
there falls no shallow of wrong or sus- 
picion of evil. As a faithful pastor Mr. 
Smith exemplified in his life the virtues 
which, by his teaching, he inculcated, and 
as a business man he found larger scope 
for their exercise. For many years he 
stood before the world as one of the 
strong men of the old city of York, aid- 



ing greatly in placing her in her present 
commanding position among the manu- 
facturing cities of the United States, and 
ever, by his example, upholding the lofti- 
est standard of commercial honor. 

CHALFANT, John Weakley, 

Manufacturer, Financier, Philanthropist. 

Pittsburgh's natural resources — steel, 
coal, gas— and the untold wealth of the 
mines of Western Pennsylvania, have all 
been brought out and harnessed to the 
vast wealth-producing machine of the 
city's industries. "And by whom?" the 
observer asks; "by what men of Titanic 
mould were these wonders accom- 
plished?" The answer is: "By men of 
the type of the late John Weakley Chalf- 
ant, of the famous firm of Spang, Chalf- 
ant & Company, iron manufacturers, and 
probably the first man in the world to 
use natural gas for manufacturing pur- 
poses." For nearly half a century Mr. 
Chalfant was renowned throughout 
Western Pennsylvania as a leader in the 
iron industry, an astute financier, and a 
successful man of affairs. 

John Chalfant, founder of the Ameri- 
can branch of this well-known family, 
came to Pennsylvania with William 
Penn in the ship "Welcome," and was 
given a deed for six hundred and forty 
acres of land in Chester county. This 
was about 1682, and in 1699 he settled on 
a tract of two hundred and fifty acres in 
Rockland Manor, Chester county, obtain- 
ing a warrant for it October 22, 1701. 
John Chalfant died in August, 1725, leav- 
ing two sons: John, mentioned below; 
and Robert. 

John, son of John Chalfant, married, 
and among other children had three 
sons: John; Solomon; and Robert, men- 
tioned below. 

Robert, son of John Chalfant, married 
Ann, daughter of John and Mary Bent- 
ley, of Newton, Chester county, and their 

children were: John mentioned below; 
Mary, Jane, Ann, Robert and Elizabeth. 

John, son of Robert anil Ann (Bent- 
ley) Chalfant, married and had one son: 
Henry, mentioned below. 

Henry, sou of John Chalfant, married, 
August 5, 1740, Eliza Jackson, and they 
were the parents of nine children, the 
eldest being Jonathan, mentioned below. 

Jonathan, son of Henry and Eliza 
(Jackson) Chalfant, was born April 8, 
1743, and married, December 24, 1777, 
Ann, daughter of Thomas and Sarah 
(Carter) Barnard, Bernard, or Burnard, 
as it is variously spelled. Thomas Barn- 
ard is first mentioned in 1701, as of West 
Marlborough; his first wife was Eliza 
Swain, of Newark, New Jersey, and he 
died in 1732, at Chester. Mr. and Mrs. 
Chalfant became the parents of the fol- 
lowing children: Thomas, born Novem- 
ber 2, 1778; Ann, May 11, 1780; Jonathan, 
May 15, 1783; Jacob, November 3, 1786; 
Annanias, August 24, 1788; Henry, men- 
tioned below; Eliza, born October 8, 
1704, died October 15, 1794; Eliza (2), 
born August 25, 1797; Amos, December 
9. 1799- 

Henry, son of Jonathan and Ann 
(Barnard) Chalfant, was born May 13, 
1792, and about 1827 removed to Turtle 
Creek, Allegheny county, where he con- 
ducted a general store and kept the post 
office and relay station for the Pitts- 
burgh and Philadelphia stage coach line, 
which traversed the old Greensburg 
turnpike. About 1840 he settled on a farm 
of several hundred acres about half way 
between Wilkinsburg and Turtle Creek, 
making his home there during the re- 
mainder of his life. Mr. Chalfant mar- 
ried, March 27, 1827, at Carlisle, Penn- 
sylvania, Rev. George Duffield officiat- 
ing, Isabella Campbell, born January 12, 
1801, daughter of Samuel and Hetty 
(Lusk) Weakley, and their children 
were: John Weakley, mentioned below; 
William Barnard, born July 8, 1829, died 


August I, 1830; Sidney Alexander, born 
May 14, 1 83 1 , now of Pittsburgh; Ann 

Rebecca, born August 8, 1833, married, 
1874, Albert G. Miller, and died October 
17, 1896; Hetty Isabella, born April 4, 
1835, died January 30, 1840; Henry Rich- 
ard, born July 25, 1837, died September 
30, 1887; James Thomas, born May 18, 
1839, died April 20, 1901 ; George Alex- 
ander, born March 13, 1841, died August 
— , 1904; William Lusk, born August 3, 
1843, died April 20, 1895; and Albert Mc- 
Kinney, born October 6, 1846, now of 
Pittsburgh The father of this family 
died December 14, 1802, and the mother 
continued to reside on the homestead 
with her son, Henry Richard, and his 
family, until her death, March 4, 1885. 

John Weakley, son of Henry and Isa- 
bella Campbell (Weakley) Chalfant, was 
born December 13, 1827, at Turtle Creek, 
Allegheny county, Pennsylvania, and re- 
ceived his early education in the district 
schools of the neighborhood. In the 
course of time he matriculated at Jeffer- 
son College, Canonsburg, graduating in 
the class of 1850. Immediately there- 
after he entered the service of Zug & 
Painter, iron manufacturers of Pitts- 
burgh, remaining until 1856. In that 
year he purchased an interest in the firm 
of Spang & Company, iron manufactur- 
ers, and in 1858 the style was changed to 
Spang, Chalfant & Company, the mem- 
bers being Charles II. Spang, John 
Weakley Chalfant, Campbell B. Herron, 
Alexander M. Byers and A. G. Lloyd. 
In 1863, George Alexander Chalfant, a 
brother of Mr. Chalfant, was admitted to 
partnership. The latter had by this time 
won an assured place in the business 
world as an able, clear-headed merchant 
and manufacturer, of broad views and 
aggressive methods, and of unfailing 
self-reliance and unblemished integrity. 

The number of Mr. Chalfant's interests 
throughout his business career would 
seem nothing short of marvellous to one 

unacquainted with his extraordinary 
mental powers and rare executive ability. 
He was associated with nearly every en- 
terprise having for its end the upbuilding 
and development of the financial, manu- 
facturing and social interests of Pitts- 
burgh and its vicinity. He was the pro- 
moter and organizer of the Pittsburgh & 
Western and the Pittsburgh Junction 
railroads, and also aided in the organiza- 
tion of the People's National Bank, in 
which for years he held the office of presi- 
dent. He was president of the Manufac- 
turers' and Merchants' Insurance Com- 
pany of Pittsburgh, and a director in the 
People's Savings Bank, the Isabella Fur- 
nace Company, and the Pittsburgh Lo- 
comotive Works. To Mr. Chalfant be- 
longs the distinction of having been, so 
far as is known, the first man in the world 
to apply natural gas to manufacturing 
purposes. In this were exemplified his 
originality of thought and his readiness 
to take the initiative. He caused the gas 
to be led in pipes to his iron works be- 
fore other manufacturers had even con- 
ceived the idea of utilizing it — a pioneer 
both in theory and practice, and abun- 
dantly did the result justify his bold- 

When it was decided during the Civil 
War to hold a Sanitary Fair for the 
benefit of the soldiers in the field, Mr. 
Chalfant, with two others, was sent to 
Cleveland, Ohio, to negotiate for build- 
ings which had been used for similar 
purposes in that city. Upon their arrival 
the committee found that the bargain, if 
secured, must be closed at once, and, 
without waiting to confer with those by 
whom they had been sent, gave their 
individual notes for $10,000. The Fair 
proved a great success, the amount real- 
ized exceeding $250,000. All honor to 
Pittsburgh's patriotic business men ! 

In politics Mr. Chalfant was a Repub- 
lican, and, while he never consented to 
hold office, was nevertheless somewhat 


active in political circles, and always as 
a citizen gave loyal support to measures 
calculated to promote the welfare of 
Pittsburgh and to facilitate her rapid and 
substantial development. No good work 
done in the name of charity or religion 
appealed to him in vain, and by his in- 
fluence and means he actively aided a 
number of institutions, serving as a direc- 
tor in the Western Pennsylvania Hospi- 
tal, the Allegheny General Hospital, and 
the Western Pennsylvania Institution for 
the Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb. 
He was for many years president of the 
board of trustees of the First Presbyte- 
rian Church. Of fine personal appear- 
ance, his countenance expressive at once 
of the force and resolution of his nature 
and the kindliness of his disposition, Mr. 
Chalfant possessed a rare magnetism 
which drew men to him and caused him 
to be a conspicuous figure in the social 
life of the city. He was one of the 
founders of the Duquesne Club, and for 
a number of years its president. 

Air. Chalfant married, May 31, i860, 
Ellen Quigley, a woman of winning per- 
sonality and the most charming domes- 
ticity, daughter of William and Liberty 
McCrea, and they were the parents of 
the following children: Mary L., wife of 
Major George Wilson McKee ; Isabella 
C. ; Henry, married Harriet B. Watson; 
Eleanor, and Annie. 

Mr. Chalfant was devoted to his home 
and family, and delighted in entertaining 
his many friends. He was a brilliant con- 
versationalist, numbering among his not- 
able social gifts that rarest and most ex- 
quisite faculty of causing all about him 
to appear at their best, and all who ever 
had the privilege of enjoying his hospi- 
tality unite in bearing testimony to his 
incomparable charm as a host. His 
death, which occurred December 28, 1898, 
deprived not only Pittsburgh but the 
State of Pennsylvania of a representative 
resident, a man of stainless character in 

every relation of life, one whose motives 
were never questioned, and who, while 
advancing the interests of his city and 
State, reflected honor upon both. Among 
the numberless tributes to his personality 
and work was one from Rev. Matthew 
B. Riddle, who said, in part: "Excep- 
tionally frank in utterance and manner, 
with clear perceptions, good judgment of 
men and things, capable of warm attach- 
ments and readily winning to himself 
people of all stations in life, he was to 
me a peculiarly attractive personality. 
While he lived intercourse with him was 
delightful, and since his death I have 
missed him continually. Benevolent in 
feeling, beneficent in action, cheery in 
conversation, his large frame seemed 
suggestive of his large soul." 

John B. Jackson, himself now deceased, 
said : "Among the prominent Pittsburgh- 
ers of a few years ago was Mr. John W. 
Chalfant. To the writer he was not 
known so much in business as in social 
relations, and yet his strong personality 
was felt by all with whom he came in 
contact. He was a man of very deep 
convictions and, believing himself right, 
would carry out his ideas in a way some 
might consider overbearing. A born 
leader, he would assume command, so to 
speak, and move forward, overcoming 
many an obstacle which would discourage 
a less determined spirit. In disposition 
he was remarkably kind, a true, genuine 
friend ; but it could not be said that he 
was the opposite, 'a good hater,' for his 
goodness halted on the dividing line, re- 
maining on the pleasant side. He was 
an ideal host, the personification of hos- 
pitality. He had a fine sense of humor, 
readily seeing the point of a joke, and 
gave expression to his pleasure in a con- 
tagious laugh." 

The late Benjamin F. Jones spoke thus : 
"Mr. Chalfant had natural mental facul- 
ties of the highest order. His culture 
and thorough business training, together 



with his robust health and habits of ex- 
traordinary industry, gave him force of 
character which distinguished him 
among men. His honesty of purpose, 
kindness of heart, and noble generosity 
endeared him to all who knew him, and 
rendered his society most attractive, as 
evidenced by his host of friends and the 
entire absence of enemies." 

These words were written of one who 
came of the finest Pennsylvania stuck — 
a descendant of men who helped to found 
and build up the Province, and whose 
sons and grandsons were among those 
who laid the foundations of the Keystone 
State. That John Weakley Chalfant took 
up and worthily continued the work be- 
gun and carried forward by his ancestors, 
the City of Pittsburgh and Western 
Pennsylvania bear abundant testimony. 

JACKSON, John Beard, 

Financier, Philanthropist. 

As we recall in memory the Pittsburgh 
of the last half-century, there is one fig- 
ure which, as it looms commandingly 
through the mist of the receding years, 
shines with a lustre all its own — the lus- 
tre of a noble and stainless life. It is 
that of the late John Beard Jackson, 
president of the Fidelity Title and Trust 
Company, and prominently and insepar- 
ably identified with all the best and most 
vital interests of his native city. 

The Jackson family was anciently es- 
tablished in Yorkshire, England, whence 
some of its members removed to the south 
of Scotland, and in other parts there 
were families who bore this name. The 
common origin of the race is proved by 
a similarity of coat-armor among its 
scattered branches, showing the basic 
theme of development to have been a 
fesse between three birds. In some cases 
these three birds were shovelers; in 
others, shadrakes, hawks and jackdaws. 
The Jackson arms are as follows : Arms : 

Gules, three shovelers tufted on head and 
breast argent, each charged with trefoil 
vert. Crest: A shoveler as in arms. 
Motto: Malo mori quam foedari. Sus- 
pended from base of shield an octofoil 
(charged with gold maple leaf) vert by 
ribbon of the same. 

A branch of the Jackson family estab- 
lished itself at Doncaster, Yorkshire, and 
became known as the Jacksons of Don- 
caster. It is to this branch that the Jack- 
sons of Pittsburgh belong. The arms 
borne by the Doncaster Jacksons are as 
follows: Per pale gules and ermine, 
cotised argent, between three shovelers of 
the last, a cross-crosslet between two an- 
nulets of the field. 

James Jackson, the first ancestor of rec- 
ord, was born April 24, 1642, on the 
family estate at Eairburn, in the Parish 
of Ledsham, Yorkshire, where the Jack- 
sons had been seated for several genera- 
tions, the parish registers exhibiting 
memorials of them from the year 1542. 
James Jackson died May 22, 1703, at 
Ledsham, leaving one son : James, men- 
tioned below. 

James, son of James Jackson, was born 
in 1664, and was lessee, under the Dean 
and Chapter of York, of the tithes of 
Fairburn, having also at that time a free- 
hold estate. He died in 1745, leaving 
children: James; John, born 1 710; 
Charles, mentioned below ; probably 

Charles, son of James Jackson, was 
born in 171 1, in Eairburn, and married, 
in 1736, Jane Booth, of the same place. 
The date of his death is unknown, but 
it is probable that both he and his wife 
died young, there being no record of 
other issue than one son : Charles, men- 
tioned below. 

Charles, son of Charles and Jane 
(Booth) Jackson, was born in 1739, and 
was in Roscrea, Ireland, as early as 1757. 
When or why he removed thither has 
not been definitely ascertained, but as 




many of his cousins settled in that coun- 
try, it is probable that they all left 
Yorkshire about the same time. Charles 

Jackson married Mary , and their 

children were: John, mentioned below; 
Thomas, a clergyman of Roscrea, Tipper- 
ary; Letitia, died in Portarlington, Ire- 
land, unmarried ; and probably others. 
Charles Jackson was a merchant in 
county Kings, Ireland. No record of his 
death can be found. 

John, son of Charles and Mary Jack- 
son, was born in 1766, in Roscrea, Tip- 
perary, Ireland, and in 1806 emigrated to 
the United Stales, settling in Pittsburgh, 
where he engaged in business, meeting 
with a fair measure of success. He gave 
his children the best educational advan- 
tages, including Latin and French, as old 
school-books still in possession of the 
family testify. John Jackson married, in 
Ireland, Margaret Davis, and they were 
the parents of the following children, all 
of whom, with the exception of the 
youngest, were born in Ireland : Mary, 
married Rees Cadwalader Townsend ; 
Martha A., died, unmarried, in Pitts- 
burgh ; George Whitten, mentioned be- 
low ; and Letitia Whitten, married Audley 
Gazzam. The fact that the name of 
Whitten was borne by the third and 
fourth children of this family indicates 
that it was a family name. Mr. Jackson 
died in Pittsburgh, December 16, 1826, 
leaving the reputation of a man of great 
strength of character, sterling integrity, 
and withal a staunch churchman. 

George Whitten, son of John and Mar- 
garet (Davis) Jackson, was born in 1801, 
in Roscrea, Ireland, and attended the 
rudimentary schools of the then new city 
of Pittsburgh, by self-study extending 
his knowledge beyond the meagre course 
given in the public schools of that time. 
His first employment was as clerk in the 
grocery store of John Albree, and proof 
of his business ability is furnished by the 
fact that he was soon received into part- 

nership, the firm becoming Albree & 
Jackson. On the death of his father, Mr. 
Jackson disposed of his interest in the 
business and assumed the management 
of his father's manufacturing plant. This, 
however, did not prove either as profit- 
able or congenial as he desired, and he 
therefore sold out and engaged in pack- 
ing pork for the southern and western 
trade. The enterprise was successful 
from its inception, and speedily war- 
ranted Mr. Jackson in establishing pork- 
packing houses in Cincinnati, Columbus, 
and other western towns, and these in- 
creased facilities resulted in the accumu- 
lation of wealth. In 1845, in association 
with R. W. Cunningham, he engaged in 
the business of providing merchandise to 
the west, the firm being led thereby to 
dealing in grain, iron, steel and glass, the 
three last-named commodities being ex- 
tensively manufactured in Pittsburgh. 
The place of business was at New Castle, 
where the firm also operated a foundry 
and machine shop. In 1849 Mr. Jackson 
acquired an interest in the Anchor Cot- 
ton Mills, one of the first mills of the 
kind established in Pittsburgh, and these 
allied interests secured for him a position 
in trade centres, causing him to become 
one of the leading business men of 
Western Pennsylvania. 

In 1837 Mr Jackson became a member 
of the board of directors of the Mer- 
chants' and Manufacturers' Bank of 
Pittsburgh, and he was instrumental in 
promoting the building of the Allegheny 
Valley railroad. In 1857 he was chosen 
a director of the company, and was one 
of the members of the party sent to deter- 
mine the best route for the extension of 
the road. In its construction and equip- 
ment he took an active personal part, 
and in 1859 was forced by ill health to 
resign the directorship. Mr. Jackson 
also belonged to the Smithfield Street 
Bridge Board and the Western Insurance 
Company, and held the office of director 

:2 7 


in the Bank of Pittsburgh, the oldest 
banking institution in Pennsylvania. In 
1845, after the fire which that year 
destroyed the greater part of the city, 
Mr. Jackson, then a member of the com- 
mon council and president of the select 
council, appointed to care for the well- 
being of the sufferers, was placed on the 
relief committee charged with the dis- 
tribution of the funds contributed by 
neighboring cities. 

In politics Mr. Jackson was originally 
a Democrat, but identified himself with 
the Republican party at its organization, 
and in 1856 was a delegate to the Na- 
tional Convention in Buffalo that nomin- 
ated John C. Fremont for President of 
the United States. He was also inter- 
ested in the colonization movement in- 
stituted to prevent the introduction of 
slavery into the territories, and actively 
participated in the Kansas immigration 
scheme, resulting in the Kansas conflict 
and ultimately leading to the Civil War. 
Throughout its early months, and to the 
close of his life, Mr. Jackson's loyalty to 
the Union and the Constitution were un- 
swerving and unqualified. He was a 
man of great kindness of heart, taking an 
active interest in the House of Refuge of 
Western Pennsylvania, the Western 
Pennsylvania Hospital, and other benevo- 
lent and charitable institutions, especially 
in the hospital for the insane now known 
as "Dixmont." He was a member of the 
Protestant Episcopal church, in early 
life attending Trinity Church and after- 
ward St. Andrew's. 

Mr. Jackson was married, in 1836, to 
Mary Beard, whose family record is 
appended to this sketch, and the follow- 
ing children were born to them: Anna 
Margaret, married Francis Semple Bis- 
sell, a leading business man of Pitts- 
burgh, and a representative of the Penn- 
sylvania branch of an old Connecticut 
family of Huguenot origin; Mary 
Louise; and John Beard, mentioned be- 

low. Mrs. Jackson, a woman of lovely 
and exalted character, was of the Saxon 
type of beauty, tall and fair, with a most 
gracious and winning manner. Mr. Jack- 
son was devoted to his home and family, 
passing his happiest hours at his own 
fireside and in the company of his 
friends. When he passed away, Septem- 
ber 19, 1862, all felt that the city had lost 
one of her ablest business men and most 
benevolent, public-spirited citizens. Mrs. 
Jackson survived her husband a number 
of years, her death occurring June 9, 1879. 

John Beard, son of George Whitten 
and Mary (Beard) Jackson, was born 
February 17, 1845, in Pittsburgh, and re- 
ceived his early education in private 
schools, afterward matriculating in the 
University of Western Pennsylvania, 
now the University of Pittsburgh. Be- 
fore entering Kenyon College he con- 
tinued his education at the grammar 
school of Gambier, but on account of ill 
health was unable to graduate In later 
life, in recognition of his standing in the 
Protestant Episcopal church and his love 
for literature, he was made a trustee of 
Kenyon College from the Diocese of 
Pittsburgh, and in 1893 his alma mater 
conferred upon him the degree of Master 
of Arts. 

On the death of his father, Mr. Jack- 
son was called upon to take charge of the 
estate, and assisted in winding up the af- 
fairs of the Anchor Cotton Mills. His 
time not being fully occupied with the 
affairs of the estate, he was elected to 
membership on boards of which his 
father had been an honored and valued 
member, notably the Western Insurance 
Company, the Bank of Pittsburgh, and 
the Allegheny Cemetery. In March, 
1882, he was made a director of the St. 
Clair (now the Sixth Street) Bridge Cor- 
poration, and remained to the close of his 
life actively interested in the organiza- 
tion. December 12, 1887, he was elected 
president of the Fidelity Title and Trust 




Company, which office he held for nearly 
twenty-one years, with but one prolonged 
absence, of several months, from ill 
health. He filled the position with con- 
spicuous fidelity and success, and may 
truly be said to have budded his life into 
the institution. Unfaltering in the dis- 
charge of duty, however painful, he in- 
sensibly drew from those around him the 
same high and conscientious fidelity 
which he demanded from himself, and 
diffused a spirit of harmony and good 
fellowship throughout the entire force. 
Between himself and the officers and em- 
ployes of the company the most cordial 
relations existed, and he delighted to call 
them his "boys." He gave them an an- 
nual dinner at the Duquesne Club, and on 
one of these occasions ( November io, 
1906). was presented with a large and 
beautiful silver loving-cup, its inscription 
testifying that it was the gift of "The 
Fidelity Boys." 

December 18, 1903, Mr. Jackson was 
made vice-president of the Dollar Sav- 
ings Bank, having been for twenty years 
a member of the hoard of trustees, and he 
was at one time president of the Cham- 
ber of Commerce. He was a director in 
the Allegheny Valley Railroad Company, 
the Pittsburgh and Lake Erie railroad, 
and ^eveI•al branch roads; also, in the 
Union Switch and Signal Company, and 
the Standard Underground Cable Com- 
pany. He was vice-president of the 
Union Fidelity Title Insurance Com- 
pany, and one of the original directors 
of the Pittsburgh Life and Trust Com- 
pany. He was also a director of the 
Pittsburgh Stove and Range Company, 
the Garland Corporation and the Pitts- 
burgh Steel Foundry. For many years 
a director of the Allegheny Cemetery As- 
sociation, he succeeded in course of time 
to the office of president, and by special 
act of the board was given the privilege 
of riding through the grounds on horse- 
back, that he might thus enjoy his fav- 

orite recreation while inspecting the 
grounds and advising with the superin- 
tendent. Of no man could it be said with 
greater truth than of Mr. Jackson that he 
was "one who loved his fellow-men." 
The story of his life is one of wide-em- 
bracing and far-reaching philanthropy. 
When a child he was present with his 
father at the laying of the cornerstone of 
the Western Pennsylvania Hospital for 
the Insane, at Dixmont, and his interest 
in it was life-long. With the Deaf and 
Dumb Institution he was identified for 
more than a third of a century, becoming 
a member of the board of trustees when a 
young man, and the success of the in- 
stitution was very largely due to his ef- 
forts and devotion. The boys at their 
games on the grounds were always de- 
lighted to see him, and greeted him with 
a special salute which showed their af- 
fection. He was also actively interested 
in St. Margaret's Deaf-Mute Mission and 
in the Pittsburgh Branch of the Penn- 
sylvania Society for the Advancement of 
the Deaf. 

Like his father, Mr. Jackson was a 
member of the Protestant Episcopal 
church, and early engaged in the work 
of the Parish of St. Andrew's, teaching in 
the Sunday school, and for about twenty- 
five years serving as superintendent. He 
was also a vestryman and junior warden, 
represented the parish in the diocesan 
convention, and served on many impor- 
tant parochial and diocesan committees. 
In 1893 he was forced by reason of re- 
mote residence to withdraw from the 
parish, but always retained the deepest 
interest in its welfare. When the plans 
for the new Calvary Church were under 
consideration, Mr. Jackson consented, at 
the earnest solicitation of the rector, to 
serve on the building committee, and 
gave much time, attention and thought 
to the construction of the beautiful edi- 
fice, contributing liberally to the building 
fund, and with his sister, presenting the 


fine organ. The Episcopal Church 
Home, of which he was president of the 
board of trustees for many years, was 
especially dear to his heart, and in his 
devotion to its interests he would ar- 
range to stop on his way from business to 
look after the repairs of the building and 
the welfare of the children. He was a 
director of the St. Margaret Memorial 
Hospital and the Homoeopathic Hospital. 

Mr. Carnegie, in selecting trustees for 
the Carnegie Library, on its organiza- 
tion, asked Mr. Jackson to serve, which 
he did, but after a short time resigned. 
He was again appointed a trustee, this 
time of the Carnegie Institute, and at his 
death was still on its board. He rejoiced 
at its magnificent success and was al- 
ways present at the Founder's Day Cere- 
monies. The Carnegie Technical Schools 
were among the many objects to which 
he gave his attention, and for a number 
of years he served as president of the 
Institute of America in Pittsburgh, ac- 
cepting the office at the earnest solicita- 
tion of those interested in archaeology, 
and using his influence to further the in- 
terest of the Society and to enlarge its 
membership. As a true citizen Mr. Jack- 
son entered enthusiastically into the 
Pittsburgh Sesqui-Centennial Celebra- 
tion, acting as treasurer of the funds con- 
tributed for the carrying out of the plans. 
He also consented to appear in the pro- 
cession on Lieutenant-General S. B. 
Young's staff on Greater Pittsburgh Day, 
riding his own horse. 

Mr. Jackson was for many years a di- 
rector of the School of Design and a 
member of the Art Society, and was the 
first Pittsburgher to present an oil paint- 
ing to the permanent collection in the 
Carnegie Galleries. He was one of the 
original guarantors of the Pittsburgh 
Orchestra, regularly attending the con- 
certs, until the strain of business ren- 
dered the exertion too great. He was a 
member of the Pennsylvania Society' of 

New York City, the Union League Club, 
the Duquesne Club of which he was at 
one time president; the University Club; 
and one of the original members of the 
Pittsburgh Golf Club, in which, although 
not a golf player, he always took a lively 
interest. He was an active member of 
the Church Club, and for a time served 
as its president. Mr. Jackson belonged 
to several shooting and fishing clubs in 
the United States and Canada, having be- 
come a member, when a very young man, 
of the Winons Point Shooting Club, of 
Sandusky Bay. After he became presi- 
dent of the Fidelity Title and Trust 
Company, Mr. Jackson reluctantly re- 
signed from this club for the reason that 
the annual meeting of the company was 
held at the height of the duck season, 
and he never allowed pleasure to inter- 
fere with duty. 

Always a student and a lover of litera- 
ture, and possessing withal a knowledge 
of French and German, Mr. Jackson de- 
lighted in travel, but after succeeding to 
the presidency of the Fidelity Title and 
Trust Company seldom left home except 
on business or in quest of needed repose. 
In earlier years, however, he travelled 
extensively in his own country, and in 
1869, with his unmarried sister, he spent 
fifteen months visiting the British Isles 
and the principal cities of Europe. He 
spent the summer of 1872 abroad with a 
friend, and in September, 1880, with his 
sister, sailed from San Francisco for 
Japan, thence making a tour of the world 
and reaching home in November, 1881. 
The regularity of Mr. Jackson's habits 
enabled him to accomplish an amount of 
labor which was a constant marvel to his 
friends. Rising at six, he repaired to the 
library that he loved so well, and there, 
after reading a chapter in the Bible, de- 
voted himself until breakfast time to Ger- 
man literature, being at his desk in the 
Fidelity by half-past eight, there to open 
his mail without interruption. He pos- 


sessed a singularly attractive personality, 
and his appearance showed him to be 
what he was — an upholder of generous, 
noble and patriotic standards, an example 
of strong and pure manhood. Mr. Jack- 
son never married. After the death of 
his mother he remained with his unmar- 
ried sister in the house which had been 
his birthplace, until changes in that part 
of the city forced them to remove, when 
they built the present home, "Pennham." 
The mutual affection and devotion of Mr. 
Jackson and his sisters exceeded the or- 
dinary feeling of their relationship, and 
his life with the one who was the presid- 
ing genius of his home was one of rare 
beauty. United in thought, feeling and 
purpose, companions in travel and in the 
peace and seclusion of home, the com- 
munion of this brother and sister was in- 
terrupted only when the former ceased 
from earth. 

The death of Mr. Jackson, which oc- 
curred October 31, 1908, was of tragic 
suddenness, being the result of a fall from 
his horse when returning from his usual 
weekly ride into the country. The 
mourning was universal. All felt that 
Pennsylvania had lost one of her most 
highly esteemed bankers, his native city 
one of her most honored citizens, and 
that humanity had been deprived of an 
unfailing friend. 

The tributes were well-nigh number- 
less. His closest friend, writing on the 
night of his death, said : "We knew him 
to be wise in counsel, to be faithful to 
every duty assumed or laid upon him, to 
be thoughtful of others and respectful of 
their rights, to be liberal and considerate 
with those who differed from him in 
opinion, to be at all times the courteous 
gentleman. We knew him to be broad, 
generous and silent in his charities, and 
we know how we learned to rely upon 
and greatly defer to his judgment. It 
was an honor and delight to be associated 
with John B. Jackson." 

Thus spoke the vestry of Calvary Par- 
ish : "His loss will be felt throughout 
the whole church ; from all parts of the 
country, as well as the diocese, his help 
was sought and it was freely given. He 
regarded himself not as the owner, but 
as the trustee of his wealth, and he en- 
deavored so to administer the trust as to 
be ready to give a just account of his 

The following are extracts from 
minutes adopted by the Chamber of Com- 
merce : "He stayed here in Pittsburgh 
and denied himself the travel he loved 
because of his appreciation of the life of 
Pittsburgh, and his wish to serve his city 
. . . Wise counsellor, untiring worker, 
ever the courtly, genial gentleman, 'he 
kept his friendship in constant repair.' 
. . . Grateful as we may be for what 
he did, let us be still more grateful for 
what he was." 

Mr. Jackson was a friend to the colored 
race, and from Alabama came this touch- 
ing tribute: "The members of the faculty 
and students assembled in Chapel in 
memory of our dear benefactor express 
our deepest sympathy, knowing still that 
though dead, his good works follow him." 

The following words express the sense 
of loss which pervaded the entire com- 

"He was a type of the very best At 
citizenship, a lover of nature, an advocate of 
everything that tends to the betterment of 
humanity, a far-seeing man of business, a de- 
voted friend, one of God's noblemen. 

"John B. Jackson was a type of the men 
who have helped to make Pittsburgh great. 
Conservative to the degree of eschewing rash 
experiments, his life was ordered along pro- 
gressive lines, and his success was due to 
careful planning enforced by vigorous action. 
His industry in business and in all charitable 
endeavors was proverbial. His wise counsel 
was eagerly sought by those about to embark 
in new enterprises, and in more than one 
season of financial depression he rendered 
substantial aid toward restoring public con- 



"There was for him no subtle distinction be- 
tween personal honor and business practice. 
He was the same — courteous, high-minded, 
splendidly upright personally in the counting 
house and directors' room as in the home; 
and nobody ever doubted the purity of his 
motives whether in public affairs or private. 
Men of this sort are modest, plain, outwardly 
matter-of-fact, unpretending as well as unas- 
suming. But to live as they do, in the very 
thick of the market place, in the din of dol- 
lars and the turmoil of traffic, without ever a 
thought of taking advantage of their neigh- 
bor or stooping to do the base thing be- 
cause others, perchance, do it— this is the 
mark of true chivalry. And such a soul, and 
such a life, was John B. Jackson's." 

Pittsburgh holds to-day in love and 

honor, the memory of John Beard Jack- 
son, but her pride in him as financier, 
philanthropist, citizen, is surpassed by 
her glory that in each of these characters 
he was stainless and above reproach. 
"His record is unclouded. His fame is 
whiter than it is brilliant." 

(The Beard Line). 

Edward Beard, grandfather of Mrs. 
Mary (Beard) Jackson, was of West 
Hyde, Hertfordshire, England, and mar- 
ried Mary Coleman. Their children 
were: Joseph, John, Edward, Peter, 
mentioned below; Jane; Ann, married 
— — - Hodges. 

Peter, son of Edward and Mary (Cole- 
man) Beard, married Ann Coffey, daugh- 
ter of Cornelius Coffey and Matilda 
Montgomery, his wife, and they became 
the parents of two daughters : Mary, 
mentioned below; and Louisa, who died 

Mar)", daughter of Peter and Ann 
(Coffey) Beard, was born April 3, 1813, 
in Pittsburgh, and became the wife of 
George Whitten Jackson, as mentioned 

FAGAN, Charles Aloysius, 


Charles Aloysius Fagan is one of the 
prominent and successful lawyers in the 
city of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He 
was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 
July 1, 1859, his parents being Thomas J. 
Fagan and Mary Fagan. His education 
was acquired successively at St. Mary's 
Academy, Ewalt College, and the Pitts- 
burgh Catholic College. He read law 
and was admitted to the bar in 1887. For 
a time he held office as deputy district 
attorney under Hon. W. D. Porter, now 
Judge of the Superior Court of Pennsyl- 
vania, and the late Richard H. Johnson, 
and displayed such ability in his conduct 
of cases that he was appointed to the of- 
fice of Assistant District Attorney in 
1894 by the Governor of Pennsylvania to 
fill the unexpired term of Hon. John C. 
Haymaker, now Judge of the Court of 
Common Pleas of Allegheny County. In 
his legal practice he had for a partner ex- 
Senator Magee, the firm practicing under 
the title of Fagan & Magee, and when 
the latter was elected as mayor of Pitts- 
burgh, Mr. Fagan became associated in 
partnership with Robert T. McElroy, 
with office in the Frick Annex Building. 
They are extensively engaged as corpora- 
tion counsel, and have in addition a lucra- 
tive general practice. 

Mr. Fagan gives his political support 
to the principles of the Democratic party, 
and has been an active factor in the coun- 
cils of his party. He was presidential 
elector for the Twenty-second Congres- 
sional District of Pennsylvania in 1892, 
and was chairman of the Democratic 
committee of Allegheny county, 1894-95. 
The following year he was elected one of 
the delegates-at-large to the presidential 
convention of that year. 

In addition to the demands made upon 
Mr. Fagan by his legal work, he is inter- 
ested in a number of corporate institu- 



tions, being vice-president of the German 
National Bank of Pittsburgh, vice-pres- 
ident of the Iron City Sanitary Manu- 
facturing Company, and director in the 
East End Savings and Trust Company, 
Pittsburgh and Lake Erie Ship Canal 
Company, Anthracite Coal Company, 
Natalie & Mt. Carmel Railroad Company, 
Wheatly Hills Land Company of New 
York, and other corporations. He holds 
fraternal membership in the Duquesne, 
Union, Pittsburgh Country, Oakmont 
Country and Press clubs. He is presi- 
dent of the Pittsburgh Hospital; a direc- 
tor in the Boys' Industrial School of Al- 
legheny County, and a member of the 
Western Pennsylvania Historical So- 

Mr. Fagan married February 9, 1887, 
Mary A., daughur of P. C. Kane, a re- 
tired merchant of Pittsburgh. They have 
had children: Marie Alice, Jean Lucille, 
Grace Cecilia, Dorothy Patrice and 
Charles A., Jr. The family lives at North 
Highland avenue and St. Marie street, 

QUAY, Matthew Stanley, 

lawyer, Soldier, Statesman. 

Matthew Stanley Quay, United States 
Senator from Pennsylvania, and the sec- 
ond member of the Senate chosen from 
Beaver county, was a man who for many 
years had been termed, by friend and foe 
alike, one of the most perfect types of 
the political leader. His career was a 
most remarkable one, his election to of- 
fice after office by the people of Penn- 
sylvania, and his term of public service 
for half a century, speaking more 
strongly than words of his standing with 
the people of the Commonwealth. For 
a period of thirty-five years he absolutely 
dominated his party in the overwhelm- 
ingly Republican State of Pennsylvania; 
and, though bitter charges were made 
against him by his enemies, his friends 

stood by him through thick and thin. It 
was Senator Piatt who said of him, "It 
seems to me that the greatest oppor- 
tunity that one could have asked for in 
this world would have been to be an 
office boy in the office of Senator Matt 

Senator Quay was born at Dillsburg, 
York county, Pennsylvania, September 
30, 1833. He was the son of Rev. An- 
derson Beaton Quay and Catherine 
McCain Quay, his father being a Presby- 
terian minister descended from a Scotch- 
Irish family which traced its lineage to 
the earliest days of this country. The 
Rev. Mr. Quay's first pastorate was at 
Dillsburg, where his son was born; after 
this he removed to Beaver, Beaver 
county, and then to Indiana, Indiana 
county, Pennsylvania, being in charge of 
Presbyterian churches in both of these 
localities, and filling the several pulpits 
with marked ability. His son Matthew 
was brought up in Beaver county, re- 
ceiving his primary education in the 
public schools, and being prepared for 
college at the Beaver and Indiana acad- 
emies. The boy was a very bright stu- 
dent, and entered Jefferson College at the 
age of sixteen, manifesting pronounced 
literary tastes. He was graduated with 
honors in 1850, after which he studied 
law with Colonel Richard P. Roberts, in 
Beaver; Augustus Drum, in Indiana, 
Pennsylvania ; and Perry and Sterret, in 
Pittsburgh. Before completing his stud- 
ies he went south for a time and lived 
in Texas, returning to Pennsylvania 
when he was twenty-one years of age, 
and being admitted to the bar of Beaver 
county in 1854. The following year he 
was appointed prothonotary of Beaver 
county, and was elected to the same 
office in 1856, and re-elected in 1859. 
After this he served for a time as secre- 
tary to Andrew G. Curtin, during the 
latter's first term as governor of the 
State. In 1861 he resigned his office to 



accept a lieutenancy in the Tenth Penn- 
sylvania Reserves; he became Assistant 
Commissary General of his State, colonel 
of the 134th Pennsylvania Infantry, and 
State Military Agent at Washington, 
D. C. 

The 134th Regiment had been re- 
cruited in compliance with a call for 
troops to serve nine months, issued by 
Governor Curtin in July, 1862, and com- 
panies E and I were from Beaver county. 
As Washington was threatened by the 
advance of the enemy in the second Bull 
Run campaign, the regiment was ordered 
to the capital before its organization was 
completed ; from there it was sent to 
Arlington Heights, where it was fully 
organized, with Matthew Stanley Quay 
as colonel, and was variously engaged in 
the defenses. While in camp near Antie- 
tam, not having yet taken part in battle, 
Colonel Qua}- was stricken with typhoid 
fever and the command temporarily de- 
volved upon Lieutenant Colonel O'Brien. 
Later Colonel Quay returned to duty, 
but was so much reduced by sickness 
that he was compelled to resign. The 
regiment remained in camp until Decem- 
ber 30, 1862. 

During the battle of Fredericksburg, 
in the formation of Tyler's brigade for 
storming the heights in the last struggle 
of the day, the regiment had the post of 
honor in the brigade, the right of the 
rirst line. In the brief time that it was 
in the conflict fourteen men were killed, 
one hundred and six wounded, and nine- 
teen missing, many of the latter known 
to be wounded. Colonel Quay, though 
unfit for service, refused to remain be- 
hind, and served as aide on the staff of 
General Tyler throughout the battle. In 
his official report General Tyler bears 
this testimony to Colonel Quay's faith- 
fulness: "Colonel M. S. Quay, late of 
the 134th, was upon my staff as volun- 
teer aide-de-camp, and to him I am 
greatly indebted. Notwithstanding his 

enfeebled health, he was in the saddle 
early and late, ever prompt and efficient, 
and especially so during the engage- 
ment." Colonel Quay was also chief of 
transportation and telegraphs, and mili- 
tary secretary to the governor of Penn- 

Immediately after the war he started 
actively in politics, being elected to the 
legislature in 1865, and again two years 
later; and at this time began to develop 
his wonderful system of political control. 
For a time, in connection with James S. 
Rutan, he had been in control of the 
"Beaver Argus," which they purchased 
from the former managers in 1865; but 
after the expiration of not quite a year 
he sold out his interests in the paper to 
Mr. Rutan, who thereafter conducted it 
alone. Colonel Quay was at first a sup- 
porter of Governor Curtin for the United 
States Senate when Simon Cameron, 
John W. Forney and Thaddeus Stevens 
were also in the senatorial race, he him- 
self being the Curtin candidate for 
speaker of the House. Simon Cameron, 
however, was elected, and Quay became 
chairman of the ways and means com- 
mittee. His first election as delegate to 
a National Convention came in 1872; he 
was also delegate-at-large to the Repub- 
lican National Conventions of 1876 and 
1880. By the year 1873 he was Secretary 
of State, and a leader in his party, Hart- 
ranft then being governor. In 1878 
Quay was appointed Recorder of Phila- 
delphia, having been Secretary of the 
Commonwealth for six years. He be- 
came chairman of the Republican State 
Committee, 1878-79, and was again Sec- 
retary of the Commonwealth from 1879 
to 1882. In 1885 he was elected State 
Treasurer by the largest vote ever given 
to a candidate for that office. 

In March, 1887, Quay took his seat in 
the United States Senate, succeeding 
John J. Mitchell. The following year he 
was made chairman of the Republican 



National Committee, managing the Har- 
rison campaign ; it was in this campaign 
which he so successfully conducted that 
he acquired the title of "the silent man." 
In 1891 he resigned as national chair- 
man, having suffered the defeat of his 
candidate for governor, Delamater, the 
year previously, in his own State. Two 
year.-, later, however, he was again at the 
front, and was re-elected United States 
Senator, his term expiring in 1899. He 
was a delegate to the Republican Na- 
tional Convention of 1892; chairman of 
the Republican State Committee, 1895- 
96; delegate to the Republican National 
Convention of 1896, and the same year 
elected a member of the Republican Na- 
tional Committee, and chosen a member 
of the executive committee. In 1900 he 
was again a delegate to the Republican 
National Convention, and again elected 
a member of the Republican National 

In 1899 he was defeated for re-election 
to the United States Senate by a dead- 
lock existing throughout the session of 
the legislature. He was appointed 
United States Senator by the governor 
to fill the vacancy caused by the failure 
of the legislature to elect, but the ap- 
pointment was not recognized by the 
Senate. On the day of his rejection by 
the Senate he was nominated to succeed 
himself by the Republican State Conven- 
tion of Pennsylvania, and was re-elected 
United States Senator, January 1, 1901. 
In the Senate he distinguished himself 
by a cynical disregard of sham and a 
profound contempt for votes. He ap- 
peared as the champion of unpopular 
movements, such as the opposition to 
Chinese exclusion, and he scorned to con- 
ciliate the labor vote; he was too strong- 
ly intrenched to find necessary the defer- 
ence to public opinion which other sen- 
ators paid. One of his most notable ex- 
ploits was his long fight for the State- 
hood Bill, in the Fifty-seventh Congress, 

during which he held up all legislation, 
demanding that his bill be passed. Dur- 
ing the administrations of President Har- 
rison and President McKinley he was 
not popular at the White House, but 
when Roosevelt came into office his in- 
fluence was strongly increased, and he 
became a power in that direction; and 
in his own State his sway was absolute. 

From time to time Quay's leadership 
had been threatened by formidable in- 
surrections. The most serious of these 
was in 1895, when Governor Hastings 
undertook to overthrow him; up to the 
very hour of the State Convention the 
governor and the combination of local 
politicians who were with him supposed 
that Quay would be down at last. 
Within an hour, however, he had swept 
them off the face of the earth, and had 
made himself more powerful in Pennsyl- 
vania than ever before; he did not re- 
venge himself in any way upon those 
who had conspired against him. 

Senator Quay was possessed of many 
good qualities. He was reputed to have 
been loyal to his friends, and to his word 
when he passed it in the course of his 
profession of politics. He was a won- 
derful judge of character. Industrious 
he certainly was, and patiently persist- 
ent, and had the sort of self-control 
which does not allow emotion to inter- 
fere with the attainment of a fixed pur- 
pose. He was a most pleasant com- 
panion, generous toward those having 
claims upon him, hospitable and consid- 
erate. Wealth he had, and power, and 
association with men in high places on 
terms of equality, or superiority, since to 
the last his voice was decisive in the 
White House upon many matters of im- 
port. Roosevelt claimed him as a 
staunch and loyal friend throughout his 
entire term as president. One of his 
most enthusiastic admirers was Gov- 
ernor Pennypacker, of Pennsylvania, who 
said of him : "He had a divine gift. 




When a real poet, orator, or statesman 
appears among men, there is no need to 
have the source of his power explained. 
It is felt. For years men have been try- 
ing to ascertain what were the methods 
by which he won his remarkable and con- 
tinuous success in a difficult field. It 
has been a needless and a hopeless task. 
No other man in public life, born of our 
Pennsylvania people, gave such an im- 
pression to those with whom he was 
brought in contact of personal and in- 
tellectual power. No other man has 
been able to accomplish so much for the 
substantial benefit of the Common- 

In his personal appearance Senator 
Quay was a man of medium size, with 
an inclination to stoutness; though dur- 
ing the latter years of his life he lost 
much of his weight. His expression was 
resolute to a degree, with keen, far-see- 
ing eyes, and a brow which well indi- 
cated the quality of brain that was be- 
hind it. In earlier life he experienced a 
good deal of ill health, receiving much 
benefit from the out-of-door life which 
he enjoyed in his Texas sojourn before 
his admission to the bar. In later years, 
when his strength again began to fail, 
for he was never a very strong man 
physically, he believed firmly that out- 
of-door life would restore him to health. 
He went to the Maine woods for several 
successive summers, and, priding himself 
upon his endurance, was untiring in his 
energies, walking, fishing, canoeing, and 
delighting in roughing It. He also spent 
some time in Florida, from which, how- 
ever, he experienced no particular bene- 
fit. He died May 28, 1904, at his home 
in Beaver, after a year's illness, being 
mentally alert and keen to the end. He 
was interred at the cemetery in Beaver. 

In the year 1855, Senator Quay was 
married to Miss Agnes Barclay, daugh- 
ter of John and Elizabeth Shannon Bar- 
clay. They had five children, all of 

whom were born in Beaver; three 
daughters—Mary Agnew, Coral, and 
Susan Willard ; and two sons — Richard 
Roberts and Andrew Gregg Curtin. Of 
the latter, who became a major in the 
United States army and distinguished 
himself in the Spanish-American war, 
there is mention further in this work. 
The eldest son, who was a namesake of 
Colonel Richard P. Roberts, under whom 
his father had studied law in Beaver and 
for whom he retained a warm regard, be- 
came, like his father, a prominent poli- 
tician. Indeed, when a short time prior 
to his death the Senator had intimated 
his intention of retiring from political 
life, it was rumored that he contemplated 
turning over to this son his place in the 
Senate and in the party. Jerome Quay, 
a brother of Senator Quay, is superin- 
tendent of the Western Pennsylvania 
Reform School, at Morganza, Pennsyl- 

QUAY, Andrew Gregg Curtin, 

Soldier, Retired. 

Major Andrew Gregg Curtin Quay, a 
distinguished officer during the Spanish- 
American war, a West Point graduate 
and seasoned soldier, is the second son 
of the late Senator Matthew S. Quay, 
one of the most remarkable figures in the 
political life of the country, a sketch of 
whom appears on previous pages in this 
work. He inherited from his father 
many of his most admirable character- 
istics and gifts — his ability to judge of 
men, his power of controlling them and 
their loyalty to him, and his keen and 
quick judgment. Like his father, also, he 
has served his country ably in a military 
capacity; but, unlike him, has never at- 
tained any great prominence as a states- 
man, though interested at all times in 
the public and political life of the Com- 

Born January 3, 1866, at Beaver, Penn- 

t 3 6 


sylvania, the old family home, and scene 
of the former pastorate of his grand- 
father, Rev. Anderson Beaton Quay, he 
was named in honor of Governor Andrew 
G. Curtin, of Pennsylvania, to whom his 
father had been private secretary in the 
early sixties. His mother, who had been 
a Miss Agnes Barclay before her mar- 
riage to Senator Quay, died February 
io, 191 1, outliving her noted husband by 
about six years, his death having oc- 
curred on May 28, 1904. There were 
four children beside Major Quay; three 
sisters — Mary Agnew, Susan Willard, 
and Coral; and one brother, the eldest 
of the family, Richard Roberts, a name- 
sake of Colonel Richard P. Roberts, with 
whom his father had first studied law in 
Beaver, and for whom he retained a 
warm regard. 

Major Quay was educated primarily 
in the private and public schools of 
Beaver, and later attended Eastburn's 
School in Philadelphia. After complet- 
ing his course at the latter school he 
entered the National Military Academy 
at West Point, June 15, 1884, and was 
prepared for his entrance into the army. 
Upon his graduation, June 11, 1888, he 
was assigned to the Fifth United States 
Cavalry, stationed at Fort Myer, Vir- 
ginia, as instructor of recruits. He re- 
mained here for a time, and in 1889 was 
ordered to Fort Sill, Indian Territory, 
where, after serving for a short time 
with the troops, he was assigned to duty 
with the Indian scouts, besides acting as 
post-adjutant. He was afterwards as- 
signed as second in command in the re- 
cruiting and drilling of the Indian troops 
of the Seventh United States Cavalry. 
He was then appointed aide-de-camp on 
the staff of General John R. Brooke, 
serving until 1896, and heing in the 
meanwhile promoted to the first lieuten- 
ancy of the Third United States Cavalry. 
After serving with the troops for a short 
time he was reassigned on the staff of 

General Brooke. On June 16, 1897, he 
was appointed captain and quartermas- 
ter, and stationed at Washington. In 
the following year he was promoted to 
the rank of major and quartermaster, and 
began his service in the Spanish-Amer- 
ican war, serving in Cuba with the Fifth 
Army Corps at first, and afterward with 
the Fourth Army Corps, in the same 

After the close of the Spanish-Amer- 
ican war, in which he had served 
throughout with great credit and dis- 
tinction, he resigned the volunteer com- 
mission which had been bestowed upon 
him by President McKinley in 1898, 
when, in response to the call for one hun- 
dred and twenty-five thousand volun- 
teers, the Tenth Regiment of Infantry, 
National Guard of Pennsylvania, had 
gone to the front. This resignation was 
tendered on June 30, 1899, and was fol- 
lowed by the resignation of his regular 
commission on August 31 of the same 
year. After resigning he was appointed 
Special Deputy Naval Officer at the port 
of Philadelphia, and served as such, 
1 902- 1 906. 

Major Quay has retired altogether 
from military life, and has shunned pub- 
lic and political responsibilities, engag- 
ing in private business, although he is 
a strong Republican, and deeply inter- 
ested in his country's welfare. In view 
of his Revolutionary ancestry, Major 
Quay is a member of the organization of 
the Sons of the Revolution, the Pennsyl- 
vania Society of which embraces over a 
thousand members ; the thirty odd state 
societies of this organization embrace 
now a total membership of over seven 
thousand five hundred. He is also a 
member of the later body, the Sons of 
the American Revolution, organized in 
1889, having in view the similar purpose 
"to keep alive among themselves and 
their descendants the patriotic spirit of 
the men who, in military, naval, or civil 




service, by their acts or counsel, achieved 
American independence." He is also a 
member of the Minnesota Society of 
Colonial Wars, established in 1892, being 
the descendant of ancestors who fought 
and served in the colonies prior to the 
outbreak of the Revolution ; and a mem- 
ber of the Military Order of Foreign 
Wars, which is composed of commis- 
sioned officers of the army, navy, or 
marine corps, who participated in any of 
the foreign wars of the United States, 
and the descendants of such officers. 

On July 7, 1900, Major Quay was mar- 
ried to Miss Mary M. Miskey, a daugh- 
ter of William Miskey, of Philadelphia, 
and his wife, who was a Miss Mary 
Gregg, of that city. Major and Mrs. 
Quay became the parents of two daugh- 
ters — Esther and Agnes Barclay Quay; 
and of one son, Andrew Gregg Curtin 
Quay, Jr. The children are all resident 
in the family home, and attendants of 
the Presbyterian church, of which their 
parents are both members. The family 
is a prominent one in this community, 
leading in social life, and conspicuous 
because of the esteem in which Major 
Quay is held as a public-spirited citizen 
and an able military officer in the coun- 
try's service. 

SINGER, William H., 

Steel Manufacturer. 

The steel manufacturers of Pittsburgh 
have more than any other class of men 
given to the Iron City her undisputed 
supremacy, kindling the blaze of those 
lurid fires, the roar of which is as cease- 
less as that of Niagara. Among the mag- 
nates of this colossal industry who have 
now passed from our sight but whose in- 
fluence still animates the city which was 
the scene of their labors and achieve- 
ments, none was more powerful than Wil- 
liam H. Singer, of the firm of Singer, 
Nimick & Company, which for more than 

half a century held a commanding posi- 
tion in the steel manufacturing world. 

Simon Singer, grandfather of William 
H. Singer, was born in Carlisle, Pennsyl- 
vania, and later moved to Greensburg, in 
the same State. He married Mary Claus- 
sen, and sons and daughters were born to 

George, son of Simon and Mary 
(Claussen) Singer, was born in 1797, in 
Greensburg, Pennsylvania, and in 1833 re- 
moved to Pittsburgh, where he engaged 
in business. He married Elizabeth 
Fleger, and they became the parents of 
eight children. 

William H., son of George and Eliza- 
beth (Fleger) Singer, was born October 
2, 1835, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He 
received a liberal education in the public 
and private schools of his native city, and 
made his entrance into business life as 
clerk in the service of Wallingford & 
Company, a well known commercial 
house. Later he associated himself with 
G. & J. H. Schoonberger & Company, 
iron manufacturers, with whom he re- 
mained several years. His business tal- 
ents, which were of the highest order, 
joined to his indomitable will, rendered 
it a foregone conclusion that he should 
enter a wider field of action, and in i860 
he became a member of the firm of Sing- 
er, Hartman & Company, steel manu- 
facturers. This celebrated house was 
founded in 1848 by John F. Singer, an 
elder brother of William H. Singer, the 
style becoming later Singer, Nimick & 
Company, and the house continued in ex- 
istence until 1900. In 1880 Mr. Singer 
was one of the founders and first presi- 
dent of the Pittsburgh Bessemer Steel 
Company, retaining the presidency until 
1883, when this company was purchased 
by the Carnegie Steel Company, and it is 
now the Homestead Works of the Car- 
negie Company. From 1883 until the 
close of his life, Mr. Singer was a direc- 
tor of the Carnegie Steel Company, and 



also of the Crucible Steel Company of 
America. His close and prominent con- 
nection with the steel industry extended 
over a period of half a century, and he 
won distinction as the originator of many 
useful improvements and appliances in 
this manufacture. Among his inventions 
were the "rolling bevel" on circular 
plates, "soft centre" plough and safe 
steel, and "liquid compression" for saw 
steel. In all the positions which he filled 
he exhibited remarkable executive ability 
and a judgment that was seldom at fault. 
He was a rare leader of men, possessing 
marvellous force, and at the same time 
always carrying with him a genial humor 
that made him most attractive. Himself 
the soul of honor, fraud and pretension 
were things he would not tolerate. 

Intensely public-spirited, Mr. Singer 
took an active part in every movement 
which in his judgment tended to promote 
the best interests of his city and State. 
He ever stood as a synonym for all that 
is enterprising in business and progres- 
sive in citizenship. Those familiar with 
his fine personal appearance, his manly, 
handsome face, strong, and yet genial 
and gentle in its expression, cannot fail 
to remember how well his features and 
bearing illustrated his character. In 
mind he was vigorous, direct, straight- 
forward, truthful, and severely logical. 
Forcible in speech, he possessed a fine 
fund of humor, and was of inexhaustible 
charity and kindness of heart — a true 
gentleman and a loyal friend. He was a 
member of the American Institute of 
Mining Engineers, the Engineers' Society 
of Western Pennsylvania, and the Du- 
quesne, Pittsburgh, and Allegheny 
Country clubs. He was a vestryman of 
Trinity Protestant Episcopal Church, Al- 

Mr. Singer married, May 27, 1858, 
Hester Laird Harton, of Pittsburgh, and 
they were the parents of the following 
children: George Harton; Elizabeth, 

who married W. Ross Proctor; William 
H., an artist of note; and Marguerite, 
wife of Dr. Robert Milligan. The Singer 
residence in Pittsburgh is very beautiful, 
and they have a charming summer home 
at Edgeworth, Pennsylvania. Mrs. Singer 
— a woman of peculiar sweetness and 
beauty of character, combined with in- 
tellectual brilliancy and an unusual de- 
gree of energy — is the centre of a large 
circle of warmly attached friends. 

The death of William H. Singer, which 
occurred September 4, 1909, at his home 
in Pittsburgh, removed from the city one 
whose life has become an integral part 
of its history — a member of one of its 
most prominent and representative fam- 
ilies, a man of unquestioned honor and 
integrity and devoted to the ties of 
friendship and of kindred, regarding 
them as a sacred trust. It is but a few 
years since the distinguished figure of 
Mr. Singer was last seen among us, but 
his influence is still felt in the continu- 
ance and increase of the noble industry 
which was inspired and fostered by his 
genius and which his practical benevo- 
lence rendered a source of blessing to 

BIGHAM, Thomas James, 

Lawyer, Statesman. 

The late Thomas James Bigham, Sen- 
ator and Representative, and a recognized 
leader of the Pittsburgh bar, was a power 
in the political life of Pennsylvania dur- 
ing one of the most momentous periods 
of our national history. For more than a 
quarter of a century Mr. Bigham bore the 
conspicuous part in public affairs for 
which his talents for leadership so emi- 
nently fitted him, and his services were 
such as to impose a debt of gratitude not 
only upon his fellow-citizens of his own 
day, but also upon the generations of the 
time to come. 

Sir John de Bingham, regarded as the 



founder of the Bingham, or Bigham fam- 
ily, came into England, with William 
the Conqueror, was knighted for his 
valiant services, and received from the 
monarch estates situated near Sheffield, 
Yorkshire. According to tradition, 
Thomas Bingham, a descendant, emi- 
grated about 1480 to the north of Ireland 
and there founded that branch of the 
family now ?o fully represented in the 
United States, the name, in some in- 
stances, having been contracted into 

Thomas Bigham, father of Thomas 
James Bigham, was born April 18, 1784, 
and married, April 4, 1809, Sarah, born 
October 27, 1785, daughter of James 
Christy, of Scotch-Irish descent and Rev- 
olutionary record. The Bighams and 
Christys were among the farming fam- 
ilies of Pennsylvania, and the Bighams 
also had taken part in the struggle for 
independence. Thomas Bigham died 
October 31, 1809, and his widow passed 
away August 6, 181 1. 

Thomas James, only child of Thomas 
and Sarah (Christy) Bigham, was born 
February 12, 1810, at the home of his 
grandfather, James Christy, near Hannas- 
town, Westmoreland county, Pennsyl- 
vania. His father having died before his 
birth and his mother only eighteen 
months thereafter, the boy was brought 
up by his maternal grandparents, his 
only educational advantages being atten- 
dance at the district school during the 
\\ inter months, and listening all the year 
round to the all-day Sunday preaching of 
the Presbyterian church of that period. 
Endowed by nature with mental attri- 
butes of no common order and possessing 
an unusually retentive memory, he read 
with avidity everything within his reach, 
and as what he heard or read rarely 
passed from his recollection, he soon 
came to be regarded for miles around as 
a prodigy of information, being also noted 
for his ability in recital. The one great 


desire of the ambitious lad was for a col- 
lege education, and he endeavored before 
reaching his majority to persuade his 
grandfather to use for this purpose a 
small sum of money left by his father. 
Mr. Christy refused, considering that the 
money would be much better expended 
in establishing his grandson as a farmer. 
The youth, however, on coming of age, 
took his little patrimony and entered Jef- 
ferson College, Canonsburg, and the 
money, added to what he was able to 
earn by tutoring and working during va- 
cations, proved sufficient to carry him 
through a full course. In 1834 he grad- 
uated with honors. During his college 
course Mr Bigham was distinguished by 
some of the talents for which in later 
years he became celebrated — readiness of 
speech, quickness of wit, power of 
reparte, and earnestness of purpose. 
These, together with his extraordinary 
fund of general information, caused him 
to be frequently called upon to uphold 
the honors of his college in debate. Pie 
was dubbed by his fellow students 
"Thomas Jefferson," the name of the 
Writer of the Declaration of Independ- 
ence being substituted for his own name 
of James. To the close of his life he was 
frequently spoken of as Thomas Jeffer- 
son Bigham, many supposing that he had 
been christened in honor of the third 
President of the United States. 

After graduating, Mr. Bigham for one 
year taught a school at Harrisburg, dur- 
ing the winter delivering a course of 
lectures upon scientific subjects. The 
following year he came to Pittsburgh, 
where he continued to teach and lecture, 
at the same time pursuing the study of 
law. On September 4, 1837, he was ad- 
mitted to the bar of Allegheny county, 
and became associated in practice with 
Judges Veach and Baird, old-time 
lawyers of distinction, later forming a 
partnership with W. O. Leslie under the 
firm name of Bigham & Leslie. Mr. 


Bigham's advancement was rapid, the re- 
sult of native ability, combined with in- 
tense application and unwavering adher- 
ence to the strictest principles of recti- 
tude. Early in his professional career he 
met with a calamity which would have 
discouraged a weaker man. In the dis- 
astrous fire of April 10, 1845, his office 
and lodgings uere destroyed, and with 
them not only the entire furnishings, but 
his library of legal, scientific and general 
works, together with his notes, papers 
and memoranda. To a man of Mr. Big- 
ham's inexhaustible energy and indomita- 
ble determination this great misfortune 
was but an incentive to renewed en- 
deavor. He continued on his upward 
course, and about 1870, a quarter of a 
century later, received into partnership 
his eldest son, Joel L. Bigham, under the 
firm name of T. J. Bigham & Son. 
Never recognizing defeat, he was never 

Eminent as Mr. Bigham became in his 
profession, he was still more distin- 
guished in the political arena, a sphere 
for which his talents peculiarly fitted him. 
He became widely celebrated as an off- 
hand speaker — the result of the same 
qualifications which had brought him 
into prominence as a student, together 
with his genius for statistics, and withal 
an exquisite and unfailing sense of hu- 
mor. His marvellous memory enabled 
him to recall so readily the history of po- 
litical, financial and industrial affairs that 
he became known as "Old Statistics," 
and the "Sage of Mount Washington." 
His powerful, resonant voice caused him 
to be often compared to famous "Bill" 
Allen, of Ohio. In politics he was first 
a Whig, but identified himself with the 
Republican party from its inception, and 
remained to the close of his life steadfast 
in his allegiance. In the presidential 
campaign of 1856 he vigorously sup- 
ported John C. Fremont. For many 
years Mr. Bigham was called upon on 

election nights to read the returns to the 
crowds at Republican headquarters, and 
his announcements were always accom- 
panied by a running fire of comments and 
by comparisons from memory with form- 
er figures, thus giving a varied idea of the 
trend of results. At a time when the 
term "Abolitionist" was by many re- 
garded as a stigma, Mr. Bigham hesi- 
tated not to enroll himself in the ranks 
of that heroic band who labored and suf- 
fered for the removal of the great blot on 
our civilization — the institution of slav- 
ery. Not only did he consecrate to the 
cause his voice and pen, but for a num- 
ber of years he maintained at his home 
on Mount Washington a place of refuge 
for fugitive slaves — one of the many sta- 
tions of the "Underground Railway," 
the road by which multitudes passed from 
a state of bondage to a life of freedom 
in the Dominion of Canada. 

In 1844 Mr. Bigham was elected to the 
House of Representatives and served 
from 1845 to ^48 and again from 1851 to 
1854, and from 1862 to 1864. He oc- 
cupied a seat in the Senate from 1865 to 
1869, serving upon the ways and means, 
railroads and canals, judiciary, and other 
important committees. As a legislator 
his talents were conspicuous, and he was 
the author of some of our most impor- 
tant laws, among them the married wom- 
en's act of 1848, the general railroad law 
of 1867, and the acts extending the 
municipal powers of the city of Pitts- 
burgh, known as the consolidation acts of 
1867 and 1869. He early gave attention 
to the financial and revenue system of 
the commonwealth, drafting and promot- 
ing the passage of many of the laws im- 
posing taxation upon corporations to 
raise the needed revenue for the main- 
tenance of the State government, and the 
removal of the tax for State purposes 
upon land. He was a member of manv 
commissions appointed under State au- 
thority at different times to investigate 


and report upon matters affecting the 
public interest and welfare. In 1873 he 
was appointed by Governor Hartranft as 
Commissioner of Statistics of the State of 
Pennsylvania, and filled the office with 
distinguished ability until 1875. This ap- 
pointment was tendered him not as a po- 
litical reward, but as a recognition of his 
exceptional talents as directed toward the 
industrial, manufacturing, agricultural, 
mining and mercantile interests of Penn- 
sylvania, and the reports made by him 
have always been regarded as of special 

In 185 1 Mr. Bigham was elected to the 
board of managers of the Pennsylvania 
Reform School, to which for many years 
he had been a contributor, and he con- 
tinued to serve in that capacity until dis- 
abled by advancing years. He was one 
of the incorporators and the first secre- 
tary of the Allegheny Cemetery Com- 
pany founded in 1844. He was one of 
the founders of the "Pittsburgh Commer- 
cial," and for years was the proprietor 
of the "Commercial Journal," both publi- 
cations being now consolidated with the 

of the State of Pennsylvania, and especi- 
ally of its western settlements. He was 
a clear and forceful writer, the author of 
many valuable articles on these subjects. 
Of fine personal presence, his face and 
figure suggested that reserve strength 
and power which his whole career 
showed that he possessed. His manner 
was frank and dignified — that of a man 
with little regard for appearances, but 
possessed of a generous nature and a 
kindly disposition. He was a brilliant 
and witty conversationalist, and in all 
companies formed the centre of an inter- 
ested group. 

Mr. Bigham married, December 30, 
1846, Maria Louisa Lewis, whose family 
record is appended to this sketch, and 
their children were: Joel L., born Novem- 
ber 6, 1847; Kirk Q., March 17, 1851; 
Mary A., March 29, 1854, married, April 
7, 1885, Melville L. Stout; and Eliza A. ( 
born January 31, 1857, died June 23, 1902. 
Joel L. Bigham was a lawyer of recogniz- 
ed ability. He married, November 14, 
1872, Sarah Davis, and they were the 
parents of two sons: Thomas J„ born 

'Pittsburgh Gazette." From 1878 to 1882 March 23, 1875, now in the ministry of 
as a member of the councils of the the Protestant Episcopal church ; and Joel 

Lewis, born February 28, 1877, now of the 
United States Navy. Kirk O. Bigham is 
a retired member of the Alleghany county 
bar, and has always taken a leading part 

city of Pittsburgh, where his ripe and 
varied experience, his judicial mind and 
his vigilance in behalf of the public wel- 
fare, were of inestimable value. He was 
a man of an actively benevolent disposi- 
tion, and no good work done in the name 
of charity or religion appealed to him in 
vain. He was the founder and chief sup- 
porter of Grace Protestant Episcopal 
Church, Mount Washington, which grew 
out of a mission Sunday school estab- 
lished by him and his wife in 1849. The 
church thus founded is a living monu- 

m municipal affairs. For many years he 
represented the thirty-second ward in 
the city councils, and was prominently in- 
strumental in the development of Mount 
Washington and Duquesne Heights, hav- 
ing organized the Duquesne Inclined 
Plane Company in 1876 and having been 
its secretary and financial manager ever 
since, and being vice-president of the 

ment to those who planted the seed from South Hills Trust Company, of which he 

which it sprang. 

Throughout his life Mr. Bigham de- 
voted much time to scientific and his- 
torical studies, his favorite historical re- 
searches being connected with the annals 

was chief promoter. Of genial nature and 

attractive personality, Mr. Bigham is a 
man of many friends and is conspicuous- 
ly identified with the social life of the 




In his marriage Mr. Bigham was pe- 
culiarly happy. His wife was one of 
those rare women who combine with per- 
fect womanliness and domesticity, an un- 
erring judgment, traits of the greatest 
value to her husband, to whom she was 
not alone a charming companion but also 
a trusted confidante. Mrs. Bigham was 
one of the city's favorite hostesses, and 
withal a woman of deep religious con- 
victions and the most charitable disposi- 
tion. Never to be forgotten is her work 
in Grace Church and Sunday school, in 
the Sanitary Commission during the 
Civil War, and in the establishment and 
management of the Mount Washington 
Free Library and Reading Room Asso- 
ciation. This institution has since been 
replaced by a Branch Carnegie Library, 
as the result of Mrs. Bigham's efforts and 
influence. Mr. Bigham was a man of do- 
mestic nature and strong family affec- 
tions, and delighted in the exercise of 
hospitality. No one who was ever priv- 
ileged to be his guest failed to bear wit- 
ness to his incomparable gifts as a host. 

Mr. Bigham died November 9, 1884, in 
the home which he had built at Mount 
Washington in 1849, an d where his de- 
scendants still reside. His widow passed 
away October 14, 1888. Honored by all 
classes of the community for his character 
and work, loved by many for his endear- 
ing personal qualities, few men have been 
more deeply and sincerely mourned. 

Mr Bigham added to the prestige of 
the Pennsylvania bar, and served his 
State as a wise legislator, but neither as 
advocate nor senator did he gather his 
most unfading laurels. As one of that 
noble body of men who, in the decades 
immediately preceding the Civil War, 
fearlessly championed the cause of the 
slave, and in doing so risked the loss of 
friends and fortune, and sometimes of life 
itself, his name will be inscribed with un- 
dying honor in the annals of that Heroic 

(The Lewis Line). 
Mr. Joel Lewis, father of Mrs. Maria 
Louisa (Lewis) Bigham, was a represent- 
ative of one of the oldest and most prom- 
inent families of Pennsylvania. July 8, 
1814 he married Mary Ann, daughter of 
Major Abraham Kirkpatrick, of the Vir- 
ginia Army of the Revolution, who as 
paymaster at Fort Pitt settled here per- 
manently. At the close of the war and in 
association with General John Neville, his 
brother-in-law, he was conspicuous in up- 
holding Federal authority during the 
"Whiskey Insurrection" of 1794. In 
March of that year Major Kirkpatrick 
purchased from John Penn, Jr., and John 
Perm, heirs of William Penn, farms 10 
and 11 in the Manor of Pittsburgh, south 
of the Monongahela river, containing 
seven hundred and fourteen acres, and 
comprising the territory known locally as 
Mount Washington and Duquesne 
Heights. After the death of Major Kirk- 
patrick this property was divided among 
his three daughters, Eliza M., wife of 
Christopher Cowan, taking the eastern 
part; Amelia L., wife of Judge Charles 
Shaler, the western portion ; and Mary 
Ann, wife of Dr. Joel Lewis, the middle 

Dr. and Mrs. Lewis were the parents 
of a son and a daughter: Abraham Kirk- 
. patrick, commonly called Kirk Lewis, 
born Aug. 24, 1815, the most prominent 
of the early coal operators, who died No- 
vember 10, i860; and Maria Louisa, 
born June 8, 1819, who became the wife 
of Thomas James Bigham, as mentioned 
above. Between this son and daughter 
the Kirkpatrick property was divided, 
and it was on the portion inherited by 
Mrs. Bigham that the Bigham residence 
was subsequently erected. 

RITER, Thomas B., 

Manufacturer, Financier. 

The supremacy of Pittsburgh among 
the industrial cities of the world is the 





supremacy of superior brain-power, and 
describing a man as a leading Pittsburgh 
manufacturer is equivalent to saying that 
he possessed intelligence of a high order 
and touched life at many points. A man 
of this type was the late Thomas B. 
Riter, for many years head of the widely 
known Riter-Conley Manufacturing Com- 
pany, and identified for nearly half a 
century with the most vital interests of 
the Iron City. 

Thomas B. Riter was born in Blair 
county, Pennsylvania, in 1840, son of 
Joseph and Elizabeth (Wagonseller) 
Riter. He was a descendant of Michael 
Riter, who, with his brother, George 
Riter, emigrated from Saxony to Penn- 
sylvania in 1752, settling in Germantown. 
Michael, the colonist, served in the Revo- 
lutionary war under Colonel Evans and 
Captain Brock, and while on a scouting 
expedition in 1777 was captured by the 
British and thrown into prison in Phila- 
delphia, where he died in 1778. Joseph 
Riter was born in Chester county, Penn- 
sylvania, in 1788, and removed to Pitts- 
burgh in 1845. 

Thomas B. Riter attended the public 
schools of Pittsburgh, and at seventeen 
began his business career as a clerk in the 
hat store of Samuel McMasters. Two years 
later he entered the employ of Lippincott 
& Company, manufacturers of shovels 
and axes, and remained with that firm 
till i860, when he entered the employ of 
his brother, James Riter, who was en- 
gaged in the sheet iron business. During 
the Civil War their work consisted 
chiefly in repairing river boats and this 
led to the establishment of a general 
boiler shop and tank manufacturing busi- 
ness, large orders being received from the 
ore companies in Pennsylvania. In 1873, 
James M. Riter died, and Thomas B. then 
formed a partnership with William H. 
Conley, bookkeeper of the old firm, under 
the firm name of Riter & Conley. In 
1897 Mr. Conley died, and Mr. Riter be- 

came the sole owner of the works, which 
had been greatly enlarged, an engineer- 
ing department forming an important 
part of the plant. In no small measure 
was the rapid growth of this firm due to 
Mr. Riter's tireless industry and inex- 
haustible energy. Born to command, 
wise to plan, he was quick in action, and 
capable of prolonged labor, with the 
power of close concentration, and the ele- 
vation of his character was equal to his 
executive ability. Legitimately ambi- 
tious, he scorned all success which had 
not for its basis truth and honor, and no 
amount of gain could lure him from the 
undeviating line of rectitude. While he 
would not tolerate false representations 
either among his associates and subordi- 
nates or in his customers, the justice and 
kindliness with which he treated his em- 
ployes were beyond all praise, and he re- 
ceived from them in return a service and 
co-operation which enabled him to ad- 
vance his firm to the position of the larg- 
est and best known concern of its kind in 
the world. A new corporation, the Riter- 
Conley Manufacturing Company, was 
formed in 1898, with a capital of one mil- 
lion dollars. Mr. Riter became president, 
and the plant was enlarged until it was 
the largest of the kind in the world de- 
voted to the manufacture of structural 
and plate steel, with both domestic and 
foreign clientele. 

One of Mr. Riter's most marked char- 
acteristics was the ability to acquire com- 
plete mastery of any subject to which he 
directed his attention. He possessed no 
inconsiderable amount of mechanical 
genius, and in his habits was very meth- 
odical, being no doubt one of the principal 
reasons of his ability to despatch a phe- 
nomenal amount of business within a 
short time. He was president of the Ohio 
Valley Bank of Allegheny, which he 
helped organize in 1890; member of the 
Engineers' Society of Western Pennsyl- 
vania ; the Pittsburgh, Duquesne, Union 

>/,/,,/ .//,,//, 


and University clubs, the Pittsburgh 
Country Club, the Engineers' Club of 
New York City, and was a member of 
Dallas Lodge No. 508, F. and A. M. In 
polities Mr. Riter was a Republican, and, 
while taking no active part in public af- 
fairs, was known as a citizen with exalted 
ideas of good government and civic 
virtue. Every project for the betterment 
of the community received his hearty co- 
operation, his faith in the city's future 
greatness was deep and abiding, and to 
the accomplishment of that end his time, 
money and influence were unstintedly 
devoted. lie was widely but unostenta- 
tiously charitable, actively aiding a num- 
ber of philanthropic associations, and 
never neglecting an opportunity to assist 
those less fortunate than himself. To his 
associates he showed a genial, kindly, hu- 
morous side of his nature which made 
their business relations most enjoyable, 
and he had the faculty of inspiring in all 
who were brought into contact with him, 
feelings of sincere and lasting friendship. 
A man of fine appearance, his counten- 
ance and bearing were an index to his 

Mr. Riter married, April 14, 1875, in 
Pittsburgh, Sophie A., daughter of James 
and Sophie McCallin. By this marriage 
Mr. Riter gained the life companionship 
of a charming and congenial woman, 
fitted in all ways to be his help-mate. 
One son survives Mr. Riter: Joseph 
Riter, now head of the great business 
founded by his father. 

The death of Mr. Riter, which occurred 
April 23, 1907, was deeply and sincerely 
mourned by all classes of the community. 
As a business man he might truly be 
called a model and in all the relations of 
life he was thoroughly admirable. His 
record, both as a manufacturer and a cit- 
izen, is without a blemish. Throughout 
his career, he was conspicuously and in- 
separably identified with Pittsburgh. 
The promotion of her prosperity and 

power was his ultimate object in all his 
enterprises, and with prophetic instinct 
he realized her pre-eminence in the years 
to come. Pittsburgh, sitting to-day most 
royally on her seventeen hills, has more 
than justified his belief, and among the 
names which she holds in grateful re- 
membrance is that of Thomas B. Riter. 

SLEETH, Robert, 

Manufacturer, Inventor. 

The cornerstone of Pittsburgh's pres- 
tige was laid in the character of its first 
workers, many of whom were of that in- 
domitable, progressive race — the Scotch- 
Irish— which infused its thrift, acumen 
and tireless energy into the very fiber of 
the place. Among these masterful and 
impressive figures of the old time none 
looms larger or more commandingly 
through the gathering mists of the fast 
receding years than does that of the late 
Robert Sleeth, vice-president of the Sea- 
man-Sleeth Company, and one of the 
pioneer founders of the Iron City. 

Robert Sleeth was born June 15, 1827, 
in Ireland, and when a child was brought 
to the United States by his parents, who 
settled in Pittsburgh. The boy learned his 
trade as a moulder in Mitchell's Foundry, 
then situated in Pike street, near 
Eleventh, and was employed for many 
years in the Fort Pitt Foundry. He 
showed marked ability in the execution 
of every detail, and his aggressive in- 
dustry, together with his quiet and de- 
cisive judgment, gained for him an un- 
usual measure of success. During his 
service at the Fort Pitt Foundry, Mr. 
Sleeth enjoyed the distinction of mould- 
ing the first cannon used in the Civil War. 
Among the other works which he ex- 
ecuted at this time — of local celebrity 
though of less historical importance — 
were the ornamental iron work on the 
steeple of St. Philomena's Roman Catho- 
lic Church at Fourteenth and Liberty 


streets, and the ornamental plates over 
the footpaths of the first Sixth street 
suspension bridge, which was torn down 
to be replaced by the present structure. 
Mr. Sleeth was for a time superinten- 
dent at the old Smith Foundry at Twen- 
ty-third and Smallman streets, resigning 
this position in order to accept that of 
foreman of the foundry of Bollman, Boyd 
& Baggaley, at Twenty-fifth and Liberty 
streets, remaining there until about 1870. 
At that period the firm of James B. 
Young & Company, as the Phoenix Roll 
Works, was organized, with Air. Sleeth 
as one of the partners. The works of 
the company were removed to their pres- 
ent site at Forty-tirst street and the Alle- 
gheny Valley railroad, their former situa- 
tion having been purchased by the West- 
inghouse Air Brake Company. After a 
number of changes in the personnel of 
the firm, it was in 1896 incorporated as 
the Seaman-Sleeth Company, Mr. Sleeth 
becoming vice-president. Always pos- 
sessed of a singularly strong personality, 
he exerted a wonderful influence on his 
business associates and subordinates, set- 
ting them an example of fidelity to every 
trust, and at the same time endearing 
himself to them by his splendid personal 
qualities. He was one of those men who 
seem to find the happiness of life in the 
success of their work, and in the great 
business which for many years he con- 
ducted with such consummate ability he 
reared to himself a magnificent testimon- 
ial — an unanswerable proof of his in- 
domitable enterprise and unfaltering de- 
termination. Mr. Sleeth's work and suc- 
cess lay in his genius and skill in mixing 
metals. While not a metallurgist in the 
modern sense of the word, he succeeded 
in getting results equal to the results of 
to-day with all the modern laboratory 
equipment. He had the reputation of 
being the best man in Pittsburgh in the 
mixing of metals. During his lifetime he 
was the inventor of the mixture which 

revolutionized the iron business in cer- 
tain lines. He was the first to produce 
the metal known as semi-steel in the 
early 70's, produced from mixing iron and ( 

Mr. Sleeth had a wonderfully keen 
sense of humor which was so natural it 
was a part of his personality, which tem- 
pered the difficulties that he met with in 
his business dealings with others and en- 
abled him to accomplish his end without 
friction. As a true citizen, Mr. Sleeth 
was interested in every project having 
for its end the moral improvement and 
social culture of the community, and ac- 
tively aided a number of institutions by 
his influence and means. A vigilant and 
attentive observer of men and measures, 
his opinions were recognized as sound 
and his views broad, and his ideas there- 
fore carried weight among those with 
whom he discussed public problems. He 
was a member of the United Presbyter- 
ian church, and for years a trustee of the 
Sixth Church of Pittsburgh. Those who 
were familiar with the personal appear- 
ance of Mr. Sleeth, his erect bearing, 
commanding air, and open manly face, 
clear-cut and resolute, yet gentle and 
genial in expression, cannot fail to recall 
how well his character was illustrated by 
his exterior. No man in this world was 
kinder-hearted, more affable in manners, 
quicker in financial sagacity or more con- 
servative of all good influences. Full of 
sympathy for the unfortunate, of unfail- 
ing fidelity in friendship, always looking 
to the interest of others rather than to 
his own, he was admired and respected 
by the entire community and warmly 
loved by an unusually lar^e circle of 

Mr. Sleeth married (first) Agnes Boyd, 
of Pittsburgh, and they became the par- 
ents of the following children : William 
J. and Robert L., both of Pittsurgh ; and 
George C, of Belleville, New Jersey. 
Mrs. Sleeth died, and Mr. Sleeth married 


(second) Margaret A., daughter of Wil- 
liam Stratton, of Pittsburgh. Child by 
this marriage: Margaret A. Sleeth. 

Mr. Sleeth was a man to whom the ties 
of home and friendship were sacred and 
he took genuine delight in rendering ser- 
vice to those who were near and dear to 
him. During the latter years of his life, 
failing health prevented Mr. Sleeth from 
taking an active part in the affairs of his 
company, and lie spent his winters in San 
Diego, California. It was there that he 
expired January 24, 1913, "full of years 
and of honors." The news was received 
in Pittsburgh with demonstrations of 
sorrow by all classes of citizens. Honor- 
able in purpose, fearless in conduct, he 
stood for man}- years as one of the most 
eminent and valued citizens of Pitts- 
burgh, and the memory of his life re- 
mains as an inspiration to those who 
come after him. For three quarters of a 
century Mr. Sleeth was a resident of the 
Iron City, and during that period he wit- 
nessed each successive step of her ad- 
vancement to her present proud position 
as the Capital of the Industrial World. 
His fortunes were inseparably identified 
with hers, and never had Pittsburgh a 
more loyal son. Honored in life, he is 
revered in death. No name in the annals 
of Old Pittsburgh is more venerated than 
that of Robert Sleeth. 

MELLON, Thomas, 

lawyer, Jurist, Financier. 

Mellon is the greatest name in the fi- 
nancial annals of Pittsburgh. To the late 
Thomas Mellon, Judge of the Court of 
Common Pleas, and founder of the 
world-famous private banking house of 
T. Mellon & Suns, the Iron City owes 
her position of proud pre-eminence in the 
monetary world. The descendants of 
Judge Mellon now constitute the ruling 
dynasty of Pittsburgh banking. 

The Mellon family was of Scottish 

origin, and was founded in the North of 
Ireland at the time of the Norman Con- 
quest. For many generations they were 
farmers, living on and cultivating their 
own land. Archibald Mellon, grand- 
father of Thomas Mellon, in consequence 
of the oppressive taxation necessary to 
defray the expenses of the Napoleonic 
wars, determined to emigrate to the 
United States, and came in 1816 to Penn- 
sylvania, settling in Westmoreland 

Andrew, son of Archibald Mellon, fol- 
lowed his father's example, and in Octo- 
ber, 1818, embarked for the New World, 
landing in Baltimore. In the autumn of 
the same year he crossed the mountains 
into Westmoreland county, Pennsyl- 
vania, and invested his money in a farm 
near New Salem, where he passed the re- 
mainder of his life. He married in Ire- 
land, Rebecca Wauchob, whose ances- 
tors came from Holland when William, 
Prince of Orange, left his native land to 
become King of England. In their Irish 
home the Wauchobs were prominently 
identified with local affairs. Mr. and 
Mrs. Mellon were the parents of the fol- 
lowing children: Thomas, mentioned be- 
low; Eleanor, married David Stotter, of 
Allegheny county; Eliza, married George 
Bowman, of the same county ; Margaret, 
became the wife of James Shields, of Cal- 
ifornia ; and Samuel, who made his home 
in the South. Mr. Mellon died at the age 
of seventy, and his widow, at the time of 
her death, was nine years older. Both 
were members of the Presbyterian 

Thomas, son of Andrew and Rebecca 
(Wauchob) Mellon, was born February 
3, 1813, at Camp Hill Cottage, on his 
father's farm, in lower Castleton, parish 
of Cappaigh, county Tyrone, Ireland. 
The estate had been in the possession of 
the family for many generations. When 
brought by his parents to the United 
States, Thomas Mellon was less than six 


years old, and from that time until at- 
taining his twentieth year spent his sum- 
mers chiefly in assisting his father in the 
labors of the farm, and his winters in 
attending the log cabin school estab- 
lished in the neighborhood. He mani- 
fested even then signs of a remarkable 
intellect, and, aided by his mother, passed 
many hours of the night in study. It 
was decided in 1833 that he was better 
adapted for a profession than for the call- 
ing of a farmer, and he was accordingly 
sent to the classical school at Monroe- 
ville, Allegheny county, conducted by 
Rev. Jonathan Gill. After completing 
the course at this institution he matricu- 
lated at the Western University of Penn- 
sylvania (now University of Pittsburgh), 
then situated on Third street, and pre- 
sided over by Rev. Dr. Robert Bruce, 
graduating in the class of 1837. Two 
years previous to this Mr. Mellon had 
begun to read law with Judge Shaler, 
senior partner of the hrm of Shaler & 
Simpson, leading attorneys of that day, 
and in December, 1838, was admitted to 
the bar. With rare wisdom for so young 
a man, Mr. Mellon, instead of immedi- 
ately entering upon the independent 
practice of his profession, accepted the 
position of managing clerk in the office of 
Prothonotary Thomas Liggett, founder 
of the well known Liggett family of East 
End, Pittsburgh, his object being to gain 
acquaintance with the members of the 
bar and to gain experience in the work of 
his profession. How well he profited by 
the opportunities thus afforded, is related 
in the legal annals of the State of Penn- 

In June, 1839, Mr. Mellon opened an 
office on Fifth avenue, near Market 
street, Pittsburgh, and from the outset 
obained a lucrative practice, owing to his 
success in bringing cases to a prompt 
settlement. He showed, even at this 
early period of his career, remarkable 
business sagacity, his investments prov- 

ing so successful as to cause him, in com- 
bination with failing health (the result of 
close attention to his largely increased 
clientele), to seriously consider retirement 
from active law practice. In 1858 his 
friends of both the bench and bar pre- 
vailed upon him to become a candidate 
for a judgeship that had been recently 
created in the Court of Common Pleas, 
No. 1. He was elected, taking his seat 
December 29, 1858, and serving the full 
term of ten years, at the expiration of 
that time declining a renomination. 

As a legal practitioner Judge Mellon's 
specialty was as a commercial lawyer, and 
he was also largely engaged in practice 
in the Orphans' Court, where he repre- 
sented many extensive estates. He was 
regarded as one of the most careful and 
reliable lawyers of his day, and many in- 
teresting anecdotes illustrative of his 
sagacity, watchfulness and sense of hu- 
mor, have been preserved, and are of 
special value, inasmuch as they reveal, as 
by a flash-light, many of the most vivid 
traits in the character of this remarkable 
man. The qualifications of a good judge 
are many and rare, chief among them be- 
ing character, ability, training and tem- 
perament, and all these were embodied 
to an unusual degree in Judge Mellon. 
His wonderful capacity for quickly dis- 
cerning and perfectly retaining the prin- 
cipal and vital points of a case was well 
illustrated while he was on the bench. 
He was then a busy man, and often, dur- 
ing the trial of a case, wotdd be occupied 
in attending to some private business, ap- 
parently paying no attention to the pro- 
ceedings. When the time came, however, 
for him to deliver his charge, it was soon 
seen that he had fully and accurately 
possessed himself of the entire case, and 
his charges were considered models of 
conciseness, fairness, good law and com- 
mon sense. Never making any preten- 
sions to oratory, he used only short, crisp 
sentences, couched in the plainest lan- 



guage, this being his custom both on the 
bench and at the bar. His practice was 
almost exclusively in an advisory capac- 
ity, and he was consulted in a majority of 
the most important cases. 

After his retirement from the bench, 
Judge Mellon entered the banking busi- 
ness, founding, in 1869, the house of T. 
Mellon & Sons. Associated with him 
were his sons, Andrew W. and Richard 
B. Mellon. For almost a quarter of a 
century this celebrated banking house 
conducted a large and successful busi- 
ness, the steady growth of many years 
marking it as one of the strong banks of 
Pittsburgh. Throughout this period, 
Judge Mellon was the controlling spirit, 
carrying in his own head the ramified de- 
tails of the immense enterprise, — strong 
and sagacious, in business procedure a 
predecessor of Russell Sage, inasmuch as 
he kept on hand huge sums of ready cash 
which, during periods of panic and disas- 
ter, were valuable profit-makers. His 
strong judgment and ripe experience 
caused him to be much sought as an as- 
tute and capable adviser. In the financial 
world his influence was strong and salu- 
tary, his conservatism making for safety 
in business interests, and he often took 
occasion to warm his friends of various 
dangerous speculations. Judge Mellon 
was accustomed to say that the secret of 
his success lay in the fact that he had 
never involved himself in debt, and one 
of his favorite maxims was, "Attending 
to other people's business is a waste of 
time when we have profitable business of 
our own to attend to." The story of his 
life furnishes conclusive evidence of the 
value of this precept, inasmuch as by its 
use he accumulated a fortune and rose to 
a position of prominence. 

In July, 1902, the firm retired from the 
banking business, turning over to the 
new Mellon National Bank deposits ag- 
gregating $8,500,000. Two weeks later 
the call of the Comptroller of the Cur- 

rency showed that the new bank stood 
second on the list of Pittsburgh's thirty- 
six national banks. In March, 1903, the 
Mellon Bank absorbed the Pittsburgh 
National Bank of Commerce, with de- 
posits of more than $5,000,000, and the 
former institution, then one year old, 
moved to the head of the list of local 
banks. A few years prior to his death, 
Judge Mellon withdrew from active busi- 
ness, his affairs passing into the hands of 
his sons, to whom he had transmitted the 
ability to keep alive the enterprises his 
genius had brought into being, and, as 
events have shown, to add to them. 

Judge Mellon and his sons were also 
largely engaged in the coal trade in 
Western Pennsylvania and in West Vir- 
ginia, building many short lines of con- 
necting railroad. Another subject in 
which Judge Mellon and his sons were 
actively interested was that of street rail- 
ways, building the Pittsburgh, Oakland 
& East Liberty Passenger Railway, and 
for many years remaining its principal 
owners. This was in the days of horse 
cars. Judge Mellon was also interested 
in other railroad projects, owned much 
real estate in and near Pittsburgh, and 
was possessed of exceptional foresight in 
regard to its dormant possibilities. 

Always an advocate of good govern- 
ment, Judge Mellon was active in all the 
duties of citizenship. From 1877 to 1886 
he was a member of the Select Council, 
and the development of Pittsburgh was 
due in large measure to his wisdom, fore- 
sight and rare common sense. For the up- 
building of the Iron City as a great man- 
ufacturing centre, much of his wealth 
was employed, and his genius was a sort 
of complement of its destinies. It has 
been said of Judge Mellon that he never, 
throughout his life, failed in any under- 
taking to which he seriously devoted 
himself. His fortune was accumulated 
slowly but surely, by well directed en- 
terprise. In politics he was first a Whig 



and later a Republican. In matters of 
religion he was a man of broad views and 
liberal sentiments. He and his wife were 
members of the East Liberty Presby- 
terian Church. 

In personal appearance Judge Mellon 
was thought to bear some resemblance 
to Henry Clay. Spare and erect, alert 
and commanding in bearing, with the 
incisive face of the thinker and the keen 
glance of the astute business man, his 
presence carried with it a suggestion of 
conscious power. Every feature indi- 
cated character, the mouth and chin be- 
ing especially expressive of decision. 
His dark, penetrating eyes spoke of a 
wonderful strength of purpose, combined 
with a kindly, benevolent disposition, and 
his manner, under all circumstances, was 
that of the polished gentleman. He 
might well have been called "the Grand 
Old Man" in the financial history of 

Always a great reader, Judge Mellon, 
after his retirement from business, passed 
much of his time in his library, and, ow- 
ing to his wonderful memory, he was an 
authority upon literary and historical 
subjects. For many years he was the 
oldest living alumnus of the Western 
University of Pennsylvania (now Pitts- 
burgh University), and in 1906 "The 
Owl," the publication of the junior class, 
was dedicated to him. Judge Mellon 
considered Benjamin Franklin one of the 
greatest figures in the world's history, 
and held him up as a model to young men. 
At one time he caused to be printed one 
thousand copies of "The Autobiography 
of Benjamin Franklin" and distributed 
them among struggling young men. He 
further testified to his admiration for 
Franklin by placing a statue of him in 
front of the Mellon Bank Building. 

Judge Mellon married, August 22, 
1843, Sarah J. Negley, of the old and 
numerous family of the East End, de- 
scended from Jacob Negley, who laid out 

the town of East Liberty, where he 
owned over a thousand acres of land, and 
in 1820 built the first steam grist-mill 
operated in Western Pennsylvania. 
Judge Mellon and his wife were the par- 
ents of the following children: Andrew 
W., president of the Mellon National 
Bank; Richard B., vice-president of the 
same institution; James R. ; Thomas A., 
deceased; Selwin ; George N. ; Rebecca; 
and Emma; deceased. In his domestic 
relations Judge Mellon was extremely 
happy, finding in his wife an ideal help- 
mate, and seeing his sons rise up to suc- 
ceed him in the financial world and main- 
tain and increase the great enterprises 
which owed their origin to his genius. 
His life, so noble and beneficent, was pro- 
longed many years beyond the tradi- 
tional "three score and ten." On Febru- 
ary 3, 1908, the ninety-fifth anniversary 
of his birth, Judge Mellon passed away, 
"full of years and of honors." Honorable 
in purpose and fearless in conduct, he 
had stood for the greater part of a cen- 
tury as an example to three generations 
of every public and private virtue, and he 
passed from the scene of his long and 
honorable career, followed by the love 
and veneration of his city and his State. 
Among the innumerable tributes to his 
character and work was the following ex- 
tract from an editorial which appeared in 
a Pittsburgh paper: 

"Thomas Mellon was one of the strong men 
who made Pittsburgh a great city. He was of 
that rugged, pushing, progressive type which 
chafed under ordinary limitations and be- 
lieved in doing things on a large scale, often 
as a pioneer in development. Combined with 
a business sagacity that was unusual, he had 
that other gift of seeing somewhat farther 
ahead than most men, and thus he became a 
considerable factor in promoting new activ- 
ities, in financing enterprises of greater or less 
general importance, and in opening up and 
improving new communities. Eventually the 
projects which he fathered became the foun- 
dation of great interests which were broad- 
ened and multiplied by his sons and asso- 


ciates until they have become known as 
among the most extensive of their kind here- 
abouts, not the least among them being the 
banking house which bears the family name, 
the largest of its class in Pittsburgh and 
equalled by few in the United States. 

"Judge Mellon was not merely a prosperous 
business man, but for twenty years he was 
a successful lawyer, developing such marked 
ability in his chosen profession that he was 
elevated to the bench at a time when he was 
considering retirement. He was a loyal 
Pittsburgher of quiet ways and homely vir- 
tues. He had earned and held the respect of 
three generations of his fellow-men, and he 
gave to the community a group of sons and 
grandsons who are remarkable in that they 
have maintained and in some instances sur- 
passed the business success which dis- 
tinguished Judge Mellon in the heyday of his 
vigor and activity." 

By his career at the bar and on the 
bench. Judge Mellon added lustre to the 
record of the legal profession in Pennsyl- 
vania. In the financial world he was for 
many years a tremendous figure, aug- 
menting and vitalizing by his genius the 
material prosperity of his beloved city. 
As "one who loved his fellow-men" he is 
enshrined in the hearts of multitudes. 
Jurist, capitalist, philanthropist,— truly, 
his works do follow him. 

METCALF, William, 

Manufacturer, Metallurgist. 

It is no exaggeration to say that the 
steel industry of the city of Pittsburgh is 
of vital interest to the entire world. The 
enormous output of the Iron City is a 
matter of wonder to the ironmakers of 
all other countries, and this vast bulk of 
metal is far mure necessary to the welfare 
of the world than precious stones, gold 
and silver. Starting from very small be- 
ginnings, the steel interests of the city 
of Pittsburgh have attained their huge 
proportions by reason of the energy, abil- 
ity and progressive ideas of a few men 
endowed with level heads, practical 
minds, and extraordinary executive abil- 

ity. Foremost in this list a place must 
be reserved for the late William Metcalf, 
who was prominently identified with 
these industries for many years. De- 
scended from one of the old Puritan fam- 
ilies of New England, he united the stern 
and sturdy qualities of these ancestors 
with the progressive ideas of more mod- 
ern times, making a combination which 
was well nigh invincile. 

Michael Metcalf, the immigrant an- 
cestor, was born at Tatterford, Norfolk 
county, England, in 1586. He was a free- 
man of the city of Norwich, England, 
where he was engaged as a dornick wea- 
ver, and where all of his children were 
born. Bishop Wren, of Norwich, was 
heartily disliked for the religious oppres- 
sion he exerted, and it was owing to this 
tyranny that Mr. Metcalf was obliged to 
flee the country and leave his family. He 
sailed from London in September, 1636, 
having as his destination New England, 
but storms made it imperative for the 
ship to return to Plymouth, England. In 
the meantime conditions had changed 
somewhat, and Mr. Metcalf obtained a 
license in the following April to leave the 
country with his entire family. He ar- 
rived safely at Boston with his wife, nine 
children and one servant, and at once 
wrote a letter voicing his opinions, 
This was couched in rather strong lan- 
guage, as strong as the true Puritan spirit 
of the time would permit, and is still in 
the New York Public Library, in a fairly 
good state of preservation. Mr. Metcalf 
married in England, his wife being a na- 
tive of a village near Norwich, England, 
and their children were: Michael, who 
died at an early age in England ; Mary, 
Michael, John, Sarah, Elizabeth, Martha, 
Thomas, Ann, who died in England; 
Jane, and Rebecca. 

Michael, son of Michael Metcalf, was 

born August 29, 1620; he married Mary 

Fairbanks, and had five children. 

Jonathan, fourth son of Michael and 




Mary (Fairbanks) Metcalf, was born in 
1650; he married Hannah Kenrick. Ebe- 
nezer, son of Jonathan and Hannah 
(Kenrick) Metcalf, married Hannah Abil. 
Benjamin, son of Ebenezer and Hannah 
(Abil) Metcalf, married, October 26, 1726, 
Sarah Abil, and they had seven children. 
Zebulon, son of Benjamin and Sarah 
(Abil) Metcalf, was born July II, 1729; 
he married, October 2j, 1754, Lydia 
Bourne, of Lebanon, Connecticut. 

Armah, youngest son of Zebulon and 
Lydia (Bourne) Metcalf, was born Feb- 
ruary 14, 1771, and died in Otsego coun- 
ty, New York, August 15, 1848. In his 
early manhood he and three of his broth- 
ers became pioneer settlers of Coopers- 
town, New York, where the hill upon 
which they located is still known as Met- 
calf's Hill. He was a man of prominence 
and influence in that section of the State, 
and bore an honorable share in the service 
of his country. He served for some time as 
a member of the State Legislature, and 
in 1811-12 also served as a member of 
Congress. For a considerable period of 
time he held office as sheriff of Otsego 
county. He married Eunice Williams, 
and they had five children. 

Orlando, second son of Armah and 
Eunice (Williams) Metcalf, was born 
August 17, 1797, and died in Septem- 
ber, 1851, of cholera, at the time 
of the great epidemic of that scourge. 
His youth and very early manhood were 
passed in Central New York, and he was 
given a liberal education. He matricu- 
lated at Union College, from which he 
was graduated with honor. After the 
necessary studies he was admitted to the 
bar, and commenced the practice of the 
legal profession in Canton, Ohio, where 
he resided until 1835. In that year he 
removed his place of residence to Pitts- 
burgh, which he then made his home. 
He distinguished himself as a lawyer by 
befriending the poor and needy, as well 
as by the ability with which he conducted 

the cases entrusted to him. Mr. Met- 
calf married Mary Knap, who was 
descended from early settlers of the State 
of New York. Her paternal great-grand- 
father was killed by Indians, and an an- 
cestor by the name of Loomis was ser- 
geant of a company of soldiers during the 
Revolutionary War. Mr. and Mrs. Met- 
calf were the parents of ten children, 
four of whom died in childhood, and the 
others were: Mary C, now living in 
California, married Robert Bruce, whose 
father, a Scotch Covenanter, was a lead- 
ing divine of Pittsburgh; William, of 
whom further; Orlando, died at Pitts- 
burgh, September 30, 1909; Emma, died 
in middle age; Charles, fell a victim to 
the cholera in 1851 ; Elizabeth, died in 

William, son of Orlando and Mary 
(Knap) Metcalf, was born in Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania, September 3, 1838. The 
public schools of his native city furnished 
him with an excellent preparatory educa- 
tion, and this was supplemented by at- 
tendance at the Polytechnic College, in 
Troy, New York, from which institution 
he was graduated in the class of 1858. 
He at once entered upon an active busi- 
ness career, with which he was identified 
until his death in Pittsburgh, December 
9, 1909. Mr. Metcalf was one of the 
pioneers in the production of strictly and 
exclusively high grade steel of the finest 
texture, and in 1868, in company with 
Mr. Reuben Miller and Mr. Charles Park- 
in, he founded the firm of Miller, Metcalf 
& Parkin. This company existed as a 
successful partnership for many years, 
and enjoyed an enviable and well-earned 
reputation for excellency of output. 
Their steel soon had a world-wide repu- 
tation for quality and honesty, and their 
famous "Crescent" brands for years stood 
at the very top, and set the standard that 
every maker of steel found he must equal 
if he desired to enjoy a reputation for a 
high class article. The partnership of 




Miller, Metcalf & Parkin continued until 
1889, when the company was changed 
from a partnership to a corporation, the 
new firm being the Crescent Steel Com- 
pany, which was later absorbed by one of 
the modern steel combinations. 

Mr. William Metcalf withdrew from 
the old firm of Miller, Metcalf & Parkin 
several years before its absorption by 
the larger corporation, and in 1897 he 
organized the Braeburn Steel Company 
and built his plant at Braeburn, Penn- 
sylvania, a little town on the Alle- 
gheny River, twenty-three miles north 
of Pittsburgh. To the older users 
of steel, Mr. Metcalf's book entitled 
"Steel ; a Manual for Steel Users," was a 
classic, and it is still regarded as the 
standard basic book on steel. Up to the 
time of his death, Mr. Metcalf was presi- 
dent and principal owner of the Brae- 
burn Steel Company. He devoted his en- 
tire time to the upbuilding of a reputa- 
tion for excellence and uniformity of qual- 
ity of steel, so that at the time of his 
death, wherever Braeburn steel was 
known, it enjoyed that same reputation 
for high standards of quality as had his 
old company in years past. The manage- 
ment of the business built up by Mr. Met- 
calf has remained in his family, whose 
knowledge of the art of making fine steel 
was obtained under his able and pains- 
taking instruction. 

Mr. Metcalf was affiliated with numer- 
ous technical and other organizations, 
among them being the American Society 
of Civil Engineers, American Society of 
Mechanical Engineers, American Insti- 
tute of Mining Engineers, and the British 
Institute of Civil Engineers. His re- 
ligious affiliations were with the Episco- 
pal church, and in politics his staunch 
support was given to the principles of the 
Republican party. Charitable and sym- 
pathetic to a degree, he was deeply inter- 
ested in all projects which were for the 
benefit of the unfortunate and distressed, 

and gave liberally of his time and money 
to alleviate suffering. In this connection 
he was active as president of the 
Homoeopathic Hospital of Pittsburgh. 

Mr. Metcalf married, December I, 
1864, Christiana D., a daughter of Adam 
Fries, and a descendant of an old and 
honored family of Eastern Pennsylvania. 
Children of Mr. and Mrs. Metcalf: 
Charles, engaged in the aluminum busi- 
ness in Pittsburgh ; Ellen M., married W. 
G. Doolittle, patent attorney, of Pitts- 
burgh ; William, president of the Brae- 
burn Steel Company, member of the 
Ci\ ic Club of Allegheny, married Kather- 
ine Cassidy, daughter of Edw. T. Cas- 
sidy, of Pittsburgh ; Elizabeth K., mar- 
ried Henry Tod, of Edinburgh, Scotland ; 
Christine D., married George H. Neil- 
son, of Oakmont, Pennsylvania; Orlando 
P., graduate of Yale University, married 
Kathleen Kelly, of New York. 

The city of Pittsburgh may well be 
proud of the class of men of which Wil- 
liam Metcalf was a type. Unabating en- 
ergy and unfaltering industry were 
among his characteristics, and he was 
one of the bulwarks of the city's strength 
and development. Loving and devoted 
as a husband and father, he was equally 
faithful in his friendships. His manner 
was bright and cheerful, and his direct- 
ness, simplicity and sound common sense, 
impressed everyone. He was dominated 
by a stern sense of justice, and unfairness 
of any kind was adhorrent to him. 

McKENNA, Charles F., 

Soldier, Lawyer, Jurist, Author. 

"in writing a sketch of Judge Charles 
F. McKenna it is a matter of great dif- 
ficulty to determine where to begin. So 
dominant a figure has he been in many 
fields— soldier, writer, lawyer, judge, pro- 
gressive citizen. His career as a lawyer 
and as a judge compares favorably with 
the legal giants of the earlier days who 


depended more upon their oratorical skill 
than their exact knowledge and applica- 
tion of the law. In the field of diplo- 
macy, Judge McKenna has been one of the 
leading representatives of this country, 
and as a patriot the public recognition ac- 
corded him has been sufficiently manifest 
on various occasions. His record as a 
soldier extends over the entire Civil War, 
during which he was an active participant 
in various of the most important battles 
of that struggle. 

Judge McKenna is of the third genera- 
tion of his family in this country, and is 
of Irish ancestry. His grandfather came 
from the county of Tyrone, Ireland, in 
1830, bringing with him his wife, six 
sons and four daughters, and settled in 
the city of Pittsburgh, with which the 
family has been identified since that time. 

James McKenna, father of Judge Mc- 
Kenna, tlied in Pittsburgh, in 1846, while 
his wife, who was born in 1801, died in 
1884. Their six children all attained 
maturity, and among them were Judge 
Charles F., and Hon. Bernard McKenna, 
who died June 20, 1903, and who had 
served as judge of the Second Police Dis- 
trict Court of the city of Pittsburgh for 
a period of twelve years, and as mayor of 
Pittsburgh from 1893 to 1896. 

Judge Charles F. McKenna was born 
in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, October 1, 
1845, and lost his father before he was 
one year old. The public day and night 
schools of his native city provided him 
with his early education, and in them he 
was an assiduous scholar. In his four- 
teenth year he was apprenticed to learn 
the lithographer's trade, and his success 
as an engraver and an artist was of un- 
doubted quality, but when the call of 
President Lincoln for more Union sol- 
diers came, in July, 1862, young Mc- 
Kenna enlisted as a private in Company 
E, 155th Regiment Pennsylvania Volun- 
teers, from the city of Pittsburgh. This 
regiment saw some of the hottest fight- 

ing of the entire war. It was assigned 
to Humphrey's Division, becoming a part 
of the renowned Fifth Corps, Army of the 
Potomac, and in less than three weeks 
was at the battlefield of Antietam. Dur- 
ing the three years that followed until 
the close of the war, Judge McKenna 
took an active part in famous battles as 
follows: Fredericksburg, Chancellors- 
ville, Gettysburg, the Wilderness, Cold 
Harbor, Petersburg, Five Forks and Ap- 
pomattox. There were many others from 
Pittsburgh who participated in these bat- 
tles and who later gained distinction in 
professional and financial works. In 
camp life Judge McKenna resumed his 
studies, having for his teacher Sergeant 
George P. Fulton, who subsequently was 
for many years principal of the High- 
land public schools of Pittsburgh. 

At the close of the war Judge Mc- 
Kenna returned to his native city and 
commenced reading law with the firm of 
Mitchell & Palmer. Admitted to the bar 
of Allegheny county in 1869, he at once 
attracted attention by the masterly man- 
ner in which he conducted the cases en- 
trusted to him, and soon acquired a large 
clientele. Many of the most celebrated 
cases reported in the United States and 
supreme courts have had the benefit of 
the eloquence of Judge McKenna as one 
of the advocates, and his presentation of 
evidence has been the admiration of his 
colleagues as well as of the laity. In 
June, 1904, President Roosevelt offered 
him the judgeship of the United States 
District Court of Porto Rico, and, while 
this was at first declined by Judge Mc- 
Kenna, he later reconsidered his decision 
and accepted the honor. After a service 
of two years, however, he was obliged to 
resign this commission and return to 
Pittsburgh, as the climate did not agree 
with him. Upon his resignation, Presi- 
dent Roosevelt and the Department of 
Justice paid complimentary tributes to 
his administration. Upon his return to 


Pittsburgh lie resumed his legal practice 
in association with his nephews, E. J. and 
J. Frank McKenna. His services have 
been in great demand by corporations and 
other organizations, some among these 
being: General solicitor of the Western 
Pennsylvania Humane Society since its 
organization about forty years ago, so- 
licitor for the City National and the City 
Savings bank,-, while they existed; coun- 
sel for the Catholic Diocese of Pitts- 
burgh, and cemetery and charitable or- 
ganizations until 1892, when he resigned 
because of the press of his other legal 
work, during this time having been under 
the administrations of Bishops the late 
Right Rev. M. Domenec, the late Right 
Rev. John Tuigg, and the Right Rev. R. 
Phelan ; counsel for the Ladies of the 
Grand Army of the Republic Home at 
Hawkins Station. Not long after the re- 
turn of Judge McKenna from Porto Rico, 
he was appointed by Governor Stuart, of 
Pennsylvania, as a member of the Gettys- 
burg Battlefield Memorial Commission, 
who had in charge the erection of a me- 
morial monument to the Pennsylvania 
soldiers who fell in that battle, this tri- 
bute to cost $300,000. When the Alle- 
gheny County Soldiers and Sailors Me-" 
morial Hall was to be erected by the tax- 
payers of the county at a cost of $2,000,- 
000, Judge McKenna was unanimously 
chosen by his comrades as a member of 
the committee of ten veterans of the Civil 
War who were to have charge of its erec- 
tion and administration. He was ap- 
pointed by the State Committee in 1910, 
judge advocate general of the Grand 
Army of the Republic, Department of 
Pennsylvania. While in Porto Rico, 
Judge McKenna was commissioned by 
John K. Tener, now Governor of Penn- 
sylvania, the national exalted ruler of the 
Elks, to organize the Elks in Porto Rico, 
and he became exalted ruler of the Elks 
for two terms, of San Juan Lodge, No. 
972, of Porto Rico. In the field of litera- 

ture Judge McKenna has also rendered 
signal service. As a member of the 
Western Pennsylvania Historical Society 
man)' articles have came from his facile 
pen pertaining to the local history of 
Pennsylvania. He edited and illustrated 
a volume of eight hundred pages, "Under 
the Maltese Cross from Antietam to Ap- 
pomattox," which was published in 1910 
by the 155th Pennsylvania Volunteers 
Regimental Association, a work which 
occupied the attention of Judge McKenna 
for a period of four years, so broad its 
scope and so thoroughly have all the de- 
tails been executed. Both press and pub- 
lic were unanimous in their commenda- 
tion of this stupendous piece of work. 
He was also chairman of the committee 
on tablets, and aided in the compiling of 
the names of 30,000 soldiers who enlisted 
from Allegheny county in the War of the 
Rebellion, and which are to be placed in 
bronze tablets in the Soldiers and Sailors 
Memorial Hall of Allegheny county. 
Judge McKenna is a charter member of 
Post No. 3, Grand Army of the Republic; 
he is also a charter member of the Union 
Veteran Encampment No. 1, of Pitts- 
burgh, in which organization he was 
elected colonel, only veterans who had 
served not less than two years in the field 
during the Civil War being admitted to 
membership. While Judge McKenna 
has generally affiliated with the Demo- 
cratic party in national campaigns, he has 
the courage of his independent opinions, 
and frequently has cast his vote indepen- 
dently of party questions. He is in great 
demand upon all occasions of public me- 
morial services, military reunions, etc., 
where his eloquence as an orator and his 
thorough and personal acquaintance with 
all important events of recent years al- 
ways insure him a deeply appreciative 
and highly interested audience. 

On June 6, 1911, Judge McKenna was 
appointed by Governor Tener judge of 
the newly created County Court of Alle- 



gheny County, this court having juris- 
diction over domestic relations, civil and 
trespass cases, not exceeding $1,500. 
The following fall he became a candidate 
to succeed himself and in the general 
election held in November, 1912, he was 
elected for a term of ten years, by a ma- 
jority of over thirty thousand, the entire 
vote against him being less than his ma- 
jority — a flattering testimonial to the 
esteem in which he is held. 

Judge McKenna married, October 1, 
1872, Virginia W., daughter of Dr. 
Norval VV. and Annie (Flick) White, of 
Allegheny City (now Northside, Pitts- 
burgh). In personal appearance Judge 
McKenna is distinguished, and his bear- 
ing distinctly marks the soldier. His 
hair is snowy and abundant, and he wears 
a white moustache and beard. His eye- 
brows are heavy, and overshadow eyes 
which sparkle with a kindly gleam. He 
is dignified yet sympathetic in manner, 
and young and old alike go to him to 
have their differences adjusted. He has 
an original manner of speaking, his sen- 
tences being short and trenchant, his de- 
livery rapid, and his thoughts are 
couched in classical language. He has 
probably more friends than the majority 
of men, his idea of friendship being to 
look for and recognize the good in others, 
and to take a genuine pleasure in the com- 
panionship of others because of this 
good, a feeling which is very generally 

SCOTT, William, 

Distinguished Lawyer, Legislator. 

Men such as the late William Scott, 
lawyer and counsellor of Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania, are an acquisition to any 
community. They contribute to the ex- 
tent of their ability to the betterment of 
existing conditions, and their entire lives 
conform to high standards. Mr. Scott 
was skilled in his profession and quick in 

his judgment of men and the affairs of 

John Scott, his father, was born in 
Alexandria, Huntingdon county, Penn- 
sylvania, July 14, 1824, and received his 
early education in the common schools 
and under private tuition. He took up 
the study of law with Alexander Thom- 
son, at Chambersburg, and was admitted 
to the bar of Franklin count}', Pennsyl- 
vania, in June, 1846. Directly after his 
admission to the bar he returned to Hunt- 
ingdon and there engaged in the general 
practice of his profession. He was ap- 
pointed deputy attorney-general of Hunt- 
ingdon county in 1846, and served in this 
office until 1849. In 1851 he served as a 
member of the State Board of Revenue 
Commissioners, and paid a lengthy visit 
to Europe in 1853. In 1862 he was a 
member of the State House of Represen- 
tatives, of Pennsylvania, and later served 
as a delegate to the Republican National 
Convention which nominated General 
Grant for the presidency in 1868. He 
was a member of the United States Sen- 
ate from Pennsylvania from March 4, 
1869, to 1875. He then took up his resi- 
dence in Pittsburgh, and was admitted to 
the Allegheny county bar January 4, 
1876, upon motion of Robert B. Carnahan. 
In 1877 he removed to Philadelphia and 
was appointed general solicitor for the 
Pennsylvania Railroad Company. He re- 
signed this position and retired to private 
life some years prior to his death, which 
occurred November 28, 1896. Air. Scott 
married Annie E. Eyster, and they had 
ten children, the oldest being William. 
William Scott, son of John and Annie 
E. (Eyster) Scott, was born May 8, 1850, 
in Alexandria, Huntingdon county, Penn- 
sylvania. His education, which was an 
excellent one, was acquired in private 
schools and from tutors; later he attended 
Princeton University, from which he 
graduated in 1868. After leaving Prince- 
ton, Mr. Scott went west for a couple of 




years as a civil engineer with General 
Schofield. Later he spent a short time in 
the coal business. He began the study of 
law, registered February 23, 1876, and 
was admitted to practice at the Allegheny 
county bar October 30, 1878. His pre- 
ceptor was his father, and subsequently 
Knox & Reed, the partnership of the law 
firm at that time comprising P. C. Knox 
and James H. Reed, in which office he 
spent his time preparing for his final ex- 
amination which admitted him to the bar. 
He was admitted on motion of John G. 
Bryant, a well-known attorney in his 
day. Mr. Scott rose rapidly in his pro- 
fession; and had the honor of being 
elected president of the Allegheny Bar 
Association and of the Pennsylvania 
State Bar Association, positions of which 
he and his friends were proud. Upon be- 
ing admitted to the bar he practised 
alone. Later he became associated with 
John Dalzell and George B. Gordon, un- 
der the firm name of Dalzell, Scott & 
Gordon. When Mr. Dalzell decided to 
retire from the firm on account of the 
duties imposed upon him as Congress- 
man, William S. Dalzell, the Congress- 
man's son, associated himself with the 
fiFtn, and the firm name was unchanged, 
continuing as Dalzell, Scott & Gordon. 
Mr. Scott was for many years the counsel 
for the Pennsylvania Lines and the Penn- 
sylvania Railroad Company at the west- 
ern end of the State. 

Mr. Scott was a man of quiet and 
studious inclinations, and was an ex- 
emplar of the old aphorism that "the law 
is a stern and exacting mistress," and he 
gave to it and its development much 
study along the lines of its philosophy 
and literary phases. He was a man of 
charming manners and quiet and refined 
tastes, and could seldom be induced to as- 
sume any position other than as a close 
student and practitioner of his profession, 
although he was regarded as one of the 
scholarly men of the profession in Pitts- 

burgh. The clients whom he once ac- 
quired never deserted him, and invariably 
recommended others, and his clientele 
was very large. One of the most prom- 
inent cases in which Mr. Scott was en- 
gaged was as one of the counsel for An- 
drew Carnegie at the time of the differ- 
ences between Mr. Carnegie and Henry 
C. Frick, in association with a notable 
group of legal luminaries. He was a 
member of a number of clubs, among 
them being the Duquesne, Pittsburgh, 
Union, Pittsburgh Golf, Oakmont Golf 
and L T niversity clubs of Pittsburgh. 

Mr. Scott married, September 16, 1880, 
Annie, daughter of Dr. James and Anne 
(Russell) King. Dr. King was one of 
the most prominent of Pittsburgh phy- 
sicians. Children of Mr. and Mrs. Scott: 
James King Scott, connected with the 
Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company ; Elea- 
nor Alison Scott, deceased; John Irvine 
Scott, deceased ; and William R. Scott, at- 
tending Harvard Law School. 

Mr. Scott, whose death occurred Febru- 
ary 27, 1906, was a man whose influence 
was widely and beneficially felt. Keen in 
the pursuit of his profession, he was 
equally keen in the cause of humanity. 
His heart was ever open to a tale of dis- 
tress, and his hand ready to help. The 
ties of family and friendship were sacred 
in his eyes, and his friends were legion. 
His name stood for all that was enter- 
prising and progressive, and as a good 
citizen he ranked second to none. Among 
the many tributes to Mr. Scott at his 
death, was the following editorial from a 
Pittsburgh paper: 

"In social circles and among his profes- 
sional and business intimates the death of 
William Scott has brought a sorrow that will 
not be soon forgotten. But it is to the bar 
of Pennsylvania and to that of Pittsburgh his 
untimely departure brings the heaviest loss. 
He adorned his profession. He embodied in 
his devotion to it, and in his sustained view 
of its demands of a worthy member, all the 
best traditions that through the centuries have 


been linked with one of the noblest and most 
exacting of man's vocations. He was a law- 
yer. He cared nothing for the forensic fenc- 
ing before juries. If he entered court it was 
to present in behalf of a client the result of pro- 
found study of the books reinforced with an 
inherited insight into legal principles, and 
offered in form concise as it was crushing in 
force. He recked nothing of the blandish- 
ments of juries by trick of story or personal 
flattery, or other wile of some attorneys. His 
reliance was upon the law, and that he sought 
to find by hardest application. Thus it was 
he became an acknowledged counsellor of 
trust and safety, a recognized reservoir of 
legal knowledge, and by this he raised him- 
self to his enviable rank among his col- 
leagues. He was peculiarly unobtrusive but 
genial, affable, and the most delightful of 
companions. That a lawyer in this old and 
proud Commonwealth, by sheer force of his 
own attainments, despising publicity or any 
of the modern ways of promotion, should have 
been chosen as president of the Bar Associa- 
tion of this State at his flush tide of life may 
compensate many who are trying to become 
lawyers like him. His life attests that the 
law as a profession can remain exalted." 

SAWYER, William J., 

Humanitarian, Philanthropist. 

It is peculiarly refreshing, in 

days of defectic 
were regarded 
have become disgrai 
suspicion, to turn t 
closed their earthly 

when names that once 
synonyms of honor, 
1 or tainted with 
those who have 
:count, leaving a 
record unassailed and unassailable. They 
restore our waning confidence in men, 
and encourage us still to strive after 
legitimate success, which, as they have 
shown, is really attainable. Among these 
none have left a brighter record than the 
late William J. Sawyer, for many years 
widely known in charitable and philan- 
thropic work in Pittsburgh. 

William James Sawyer was born in 
Springfield, Ohio, May 2, 1843, son of 
Rev. James F. and Sarah (Hanna) 
Sawyer. Representatives of this branch 
of the Sawyer family emigrated from 

, 5 X 

England about the year 1650. They first 
settled in Massachusetts, and later two 
of the four brothers came to Pennsyl- 
vania and two settled in Ohio. One of 
the latter was the grandfather of the sub- 
ject of this sketch, and his father, Rev. 
James F. Sawyer, was born in Addison, 
Miami county, Ohio, in 1810, graduated 
from Miami College, and studied for the 
ministry in the Allegheny Theological 
Seminary. After graduating from the 
seminary he married Sarah Hanna, 
daughter of Thomas Hanna, of Alle- 
gheny City. For ten years he was pastor 
of the Associate Reformed Church at 
Springfield, Ohio. As a minister he pos- 
sessed that fine, high humility of those 
whose passion is for great or true things. 
His health failing he returned to Alle- 
gheny and died at the home of his father- 
in-law, Thomas Hanna. 

William J. Sawyer was graduated with 
first honors from the Western University 
of Pennsylvania (now Pittsburgh Uni- 
versity), in 1865, after which he spent 
about four years in business with his 
uncle, James P. Hanna, and made a splen- 
did record for himself in business. From 
that time until the close of his life he 
devoted his time and energy to educa- 
tional, charitable and philanthropic work. 
He was trustee of the First United Pres- 
byterian Church of Allegheny for twenty- 
five years, and a teacher in the Sabbath 
school for thirty-six years. He was a 
member of the board of managers of the 
Western Pennsylvania Hospital for the 
Insane, and at one time and another was 
connected with the management of the 
West Penn Hospital and of the Western 
Pennsylvania Institution for the Instruc- 
tion of the Deaf and Dumb. For seven 
years he was a member of the State 
Board of Charities. From 1891 until his 
death he was a trustee of the Allegheny 
Theological Seminary, serving most effi- 
ciently in that capacity. He was a di- 
rector of the Western University of Penn- 


sylvania (now Pittsburgh University) 
from 1878 until his death, and as secre- 
tary of the executive committee of the 
board held an important place in the 
management. He rendered very valuable 
service to the church at large, contribut- 
ing generously of his time and wealth to 
promote its mission enterprises. From 
1883 until death he was a member of the 
Board of Church Extension. As a mem- 
ber of the Quarter-Centennial Commis- 
sion he visited many parts of the country, 
addressing presbyteries and synods. 
When the General Assembly recognized 
the necessity for active measures to cul- 
tivate the spirit of Christian beneficence, 
the committee on ways and means was 
established, with Mr. Sawyer as chair- 
man, in which capacity he served four 
years, being released only at his own re- 
quest. A Bible reading on "Christian 
Giving," which he prepared at that time, 
was widely used with much effect. Later 
he was elected by the General Assembly 
as financial secretary of the church, but 
this office he declined. He visited mis- 
sions in Egypt, and selected the site for 
the new church erected in Alexandria by 
the First Church of Allegheny. 

It is impossible to estimate the value 
of such men to the world, at least during 
their lifetime. We cannot measure the 
results of which they are doing, or pro- 
portionate them according to the extent 
of their specific business. Their influence 
ramifies all through the commercial, so- 
cial and religious life, extending itself to 
the whole social economy. Every man, 
from the toiling laborer to the merchant 
prince, receives benefit from them. No 
better description of this noble man could 
be possible than the following tribute 
from an intimate friend: 

"Mr. Sawyer was a man of high intelligence, 
cultivated and refined. He had the even bal- 
ance of mind, the methodical habits, the power 
to grasp detail--., and a fine business tact, 
which fitted him for success in whatever he 

might undertake. He was an extensive reader, 
traveled much, and kept himself well informed 
in current thought and events, especially in 
the church and the field of general charity and 
beneficence. His sympathies were broad and 
tender; he felt himself in touch with the whole 
world of suffering and need, and whatever 
tended to give relief and elevate men com- 
manded his hearty support. His great 
thought was how to help. The spirit of his 
life was service in love. It was true of him 
that he went about doing good. His ministry 
was effective because of the purity of his life, 
and the example of one seeking the best 
things for others. There was a peculiar 
charm about Mr. Sawyer; the charm of a 
good man, doing good. He was modest and 
retiring, but warm-hearted even to impulsive- 
ness. He shrank from publicity, but ac- 
cepted duty as it came to him, and performed it 
without sparing his own strength. Graceful 
and easy in his manner, he set others at their 
ease. His evident earnestness stimulated 
those associated with him to their best efforts 
for the object in view. His greeting was from 
a heart of great good-will, cordial to intense- 
ness in its kindness. He was a delightful com- 
panion, with whom fellowship was uplifting. 
This peculiar charm appeared most of all in 
his own home. Who knew him there knew 
him best and loved him most." 

Mr. Sawyer was unmarried, and is 
survived by two sisters, the Misses Sarah 
and Mary Sawyer, with whom lie lived 
in the old Hanna homestead in Allegheny 
(now the Northside, Pittsburgh), and be- 
tween whom there existed a loving bond 
of sympathy almost ideal in its nature. 
Devoted in his family relations, sincere 
and true in his friendships, honorable and 
generous in business, William J. Sawyer 
had the affection and esteem of those who 
lived closest to him and were best fitted 
to judge of his quality. He was human 
in his sympathies, cherished no false or 
impossible ideals, lived level with the 
hearts of those with whom he was bound 
by ties of consanguinity and friendship, 
endearing himself to them and irradiat- 
ing the widening circle of his influence 
with the brightness of spirit that ex- 
press! the pure gold of character. His 



public and private life were one rounded 
whole — two perfect parts of a symmetri- 
cal sphere. So completely were they 
joined that it would be difficult to say 
where the one ended and the other began. 
In public and in private life he was actu- 
ated by one high motive, the welfare of 
all whom he served. With such a prin- 
ciple the mainspring of all his active 
career, with an optimistic outlook upon 
life, with faith in his friends and human- 
ity, with a purpose to make the best of 
everything and see what good that is in 
all rather than the evil, witli a helping 
hand and a word of cheer for all who 
needed to have their pathways made 
smoother, William J. Sawyer won a place 
that was all his own in the hearts of all 
who knew him, and his death, which oc- 
curred December 12, 1900, was the cause 
of universal sorrow. It will be said of 
him, in the language of Shakespeare: 

"His life was gentle, and the elements 

So mixed in him, that nature might stand up 

And say to all the world — this was a man." 

ADAMS, Stephen Jarvis, 

Manufacturer, Inventor. 

Pittsburgh's greatness is not of ephem- 
eral growth. It is the natural result of 
the tireless energy and ceaseless effort of 
a citizenship unsurpassed throughout the 
world in business acumen and creative 
genius— citizenship represented by such 
men as S. Jarvis Adams, who has for over 
half a century been a leader in business 
affairs of the Iron City, and prominent 
in all that most vitally concerns the wel- 
fare of the city and State. 

S. Jarvis Adams, son of Calvin and 
Cynthia (Gifford) Adams, was born at 
Oak Hill, Greene county, New York, 
April 21, 1837. He was one year old 
when his parents removed to Wheeling, 
West Virginia, and still but a child when 
they located in Pittsburgh. His father, 

Calvin Adams, was a manufacturer, and 
enjoyed the distinction due to a pioneer 
in the manufacture of malleable iron in 
the United States, which he first manu- 
factured in New York State. Later he 
removed to Wheeling, West Virginia, 
seeking a larger and better field. Little 
time was required to convince him that 
he had not chosen the best location, and, 
since Pittsburgh was to be the metropolis 
of all that region and was likewise the 
center of the coal and iron production, 
he remove to that city, where he estab- 
lished the first malleable iron plant west 
of the Allegheny Mountains. As he was 
a man of foresight and unusual intelli- 
gence, his mind was open to liberal and 
progressive ideas. He planned broadly, 
making wise use of the means and oppor- 
tunities for the successful accomplish- 
ment of his plans. Therefore he found in 
Pittsburgh all the advantages of material 
and the means of transportation, together 
with the additional advantage of being 
the very center of coal and iron, as stored 
by nature. He organized the Pittsburgh 
Novelty Works and built up a prosperous 
business. He combined the genius of the 
inventor with the practical qualifications 
of a manufacturer and business man. 
Among his inventions were the hand cof- 
fee-mill, which came into general use, and 
the Janus-faced lock. He also invented 
the spring snap, a great timesaver. This 
has since come into universal use and has 
been adopted for numberless uses in all 
lines. In 1872 Mr. Adams sold his busi- 
ness, together with his manufactory. He 
was a man of ability and sterling in- 
tegrity, a director in some of the strong 
financial institutions. He was a member 
and vestryman of Trinity Episcopal 
Church, and very active in its building, 
being chairman of the building committee, 
giving his entire time to it, as well as 
contributing the major portion of the 
funds necessary to its erection. For many 
years he was active in Sunday school 



work, and in this relation was devoted to 
the welfare of the young. Later Mr. 
Adams was vestryman and warden of St. 
Peter's Episcopal Church. 

S. Jarvis Adams was reared in Pitts- 
burgh and educated in the public schools 
of the city and at Burlington College, 
under Bishop Doane, at this latter in- 
stitution. The trend of his mind was in 
the direction of the industry established 
by his father. Arriving at his majority, 
he was associated with his father in the 
works that had been established by his 
father and of which the latter was head. 
In 1870 he established the business of an 
iron founder on his own account, and or- 
ganized the firm of S. Jarvis Adams & 
Company. He was endowed with original 
ability and independence, but at the same 
time inherited the talent or genius for 
invention for which his father was noted. 
His training qualified him for carrying 
on a large business enterprise in the same 
line of industry, and his close application 
to the business for which his firm was or- 
ganized gave him remarkable success. 
The industry which he built up was of 
great value in itself and of relative im- 
portance in the industrial development 
and permanent prosperity of Pittsburgh. 
A man of singularly strong personality, 
he exerted a wonderful influence on his 
associates and subordinates, and toward 
the latter in particular his conduct was 
ever marked by a degree of kindness and 
consideration which won for him their 
loyal support and hearty co-operation. 
Force and resolution, combined with a 
genial disposition, are depicted in his 
countenance, and his simple, dignified 
and affable manners attract all who are 
brought into contract with him. He is 
one of the men who number friends in 
all classes of society. 

Mr Adams' inventions are more numer- 
ous than those of his father, and all of 
them apply to the line of manufacturing 
established by himself and to kindred in- 

dustries. He has patented over one hun- 
dred of his inventions, the most notable 
of these being the Adams Patent Jarring 
Machine, which revolutionized the cast- 
ing of metals. The old way of casting 
was to tamp the sand around the pattern, 
and, of course, the pressure could not be 
applied evenly, and the heavy metal when 
poured in pressed out in the weak places. 
In the new Adams Jarring method the 
sand is gotten in the proper place by jarr- 
ing the whole mould, causing the sand to 
settle evenly and compactly, and gives re- 
sults which could not be obtained by any 
other method. Notably among the ar- 
ticles manufactured by this method are 
the balls manufactured by Mr. Adams 
and used in the manufacture of pipes and 
tubing. These are so superior to any 
other that can be made that Mr. Adams' 
firm manufactured practically all that 
were used in the United States. They 
also manufactured about ninety per cent, 
of the wagon boxes made in the United 
States. When Mr. Adams first went into 
business one molder was only able to 
turn out sixty molds a day or 120 pieces 
a day, and when he retired from active 
business, by his new molding process, one 
molder was turning out 500 molds 
a day or 4,000 pieces per day. All of 
Mr. Adams' inventions have contributed 
to the development of his own plant, and 
have at the same time come into general 
use throughout the country. Mr. Adams 
some years ago retired from active busi- 
ness but is still interested financially in 
different business and financial enter- 

All movements tending toward civic 
betterment and municipal reform have 
received from Mr. Adams active interest 
and energetic co-operation. He is a Re- 
publican in politics, but as far as possible 
removed from office-seeking, concentrat- 
ing his energies on business and financial 
matters, though never failing to give due 
attention to public affairs and to cast his 



vote for the candidate of his party. In 
charitable and religious work he has al- 
ways taken an earnest interest. He is an 
active member of Calvary Episcopal 
Church, which he served as vestryman 
for several years. For twenty-one years 
he was superintendent of the Sunday 
school, a line of work that always speci- 
ally appealed to him. He is one of the 
executive board of the Homoeopathic 
Hospital, and the board of managers of 
the Allegheny Cemetery. His fraternal 
affiliations are with the Masonic order in 
both the Ancient York and Scottish Rite. 
In the former he is a Knight Templar, 
and in the later he has attained the thirty- 
second degree. His ancestry entitles him 
to membership in the Mayflower Society, 
and Sons of the American Revolution, 
and with both of these societies he is 

Mr. Adams married, November 17, 
1862, Emma Virginia Anshutz, daughter 
of Alfred P. and Eliza Jane (Holmes) 
Anshutz. Her grandfather, George An- 
shutz, is said to have built the first blast 
furnace west of the Allegheny Moun- 
tains. Her maternal grandfather, Shepley 
Ross Holmes, M.D., was a noted phy- 
sician, and one of the first in Pittsburgh. 
Mrs. Adams, a woman of charming per- 
sonality and admirably fitted by mental 
endowments, thorough education and in- 
nate grace and refinement, for her posi- 
tion as one of the potent factors of Pitts- 
burgh society, is withal an accomplished 
home-maker, causing her husband — a 
man of strong family affections — to find 
his greatest enjoyment in the domestic 
circle. November 17, 1912, Mr. and Mrs. 
Adams celebrated their golden wedding 
anniversary. Children of Mr. and Airs. 
Adams: I. Ida Jeanette, married John 
Lake Garner ; now living in Los Angeles, 
California; children: Emma Virginia; 
Jeanette Adams, married Kenneth Car- 
others Grant ; John Lake Garner, Jr. 2. 
Calvin Jarvis, deceased. 3. Alfred 

Holmes, deceased. 4. Marcellin Cote, 
married Miss Ida Bright, of New Haven, 
Connecticut; one child, Emma Virginia 
Adams. 5. Stephen Jarvis, Jr., living at 
home ; he is a member of the firm of 
Lyne-Adams Company, of Pittsburgh. 

It has been said that Pittsburgh is the 
extraordinary achievement of the ordi- 
nary man, and to a certain extent this is 
true, but pre-eminently is it the achieve- 
ment of the man whose endowments as 
a practical thinker — a thinker whose 
thought crystallizes into action — place 
him far above the average. Such a man 
is Stephen Jarvis Adams. 

DONNELL, James J., 

Prominent Financier. 

Prominent among the financiers of the 
Iron City is James J. Donnell, vice-presi- 
dent and chairman of the Fidelity Title 
and Trust Company of Pittsburgh, which 
has resources of over nineteen million 
dollars. Mr. Donnell was born in county 
Tyrone, Ireland, March 24, 1840, a son of 
James and Mary Ann (Rodgers) Donnell, 
the parents coming to this country in 
1850, where James Donnell, Sr., entered 
into a general commission business on 
Liberty street, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 

James J. Donnell received his educa- 
tion in the public schools of Pittsburgh, 
and at the age of seventeen entered the 
business world as a junior clerk in the 
banking house of N. Holmes & Sons, 
Pittsburgh, and in this position laid the 
foundation of his career. His promotion 
was rapid, and step by step he advanced 
until the year 1872 found him a partner 
in the house, and it was his activity that 
directed most of its affairs. In 1899 Mr. 
Donnell resigned from the firm to accept 
the presidency of the Bank of Pittsburgh. 
When three banks consolidated — the 
Bank of Pittsburgh, Merchants' and Man- 
ufacturers' Bank, and the Iron City Bank 
(all three national banks) — he retired 

1 (<i 


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/ tf^^L^Z/^ 


from active connection, but retained the 
nominal position of vice-president. Mr. 
Donnell unwillingly resumed active busi- 
ness after the death of Mr. John B. Jack- 
son, October 31, iyo8, taking his place as 
president of the Fidelity Title & Trust 
Company, a leading financial institution 
of the city. Mr. Donnell was one of the 
organizers of the Fidelity Title & Trust 
Company, and also of the Citizens' Trac- 
tion Railway, one of the best systems of 
street railways in the United States. 

Seldom is it that a man as active and 
successful in business as Mr. Donnell 
takes the keen and helpful interest in 
civic affairs to which his record bears 
testimony. He is a member of the Sink- 
ing Fund Commission of the city of Pitts- 
burgh, which has charge of retirement of 
the municipal debt ; he is also one of the 
Sinking Fund Commissioners of Alle- 
gheny county, and on the advisory com- 
mittee of many charitable institutions. A 
man of action rather than words, he 
demonstrates his public spirit by actual 
achievements which advance the prosper- 
ity and wealth of the community. Mr. 
Donnell at present is connected with the 
following: Chairman of board of the 
Fidelity Title & Trust Company; vice- 
president of the Bank of Pittsburgh ; 
vice-president of the Pittsburgh Life & 
Trust Company; vice-president of the 
Citizens' Traction Company, a director of 
the United Engineering & Foundry Com- 
pany of Pittsburgh, the Pittsburgh Steel 
Foundry, the Illinois Zinc Company of 
Peru, Illinois, the Pittsburgh Forge & 
Iron Company, the Central District and 
Printing Telegraph Company (Bell sys- 
tem), the Union Switch & Signal Com- 
pany, the Pittsburgh & Lake Erie Rail- 
road Company, the Pittsburgh, McKees- 
port & Youghiogheny Railroad Company, 
and the Phillips Sheet and Tin Plate 

The liberal views and genial personal- 
ity of Mr. Donnell have drawn around 

him a large circle of friends, and he is one 
of the city's most prominent club-men. 
belonging to the Duquesne, the Pitts- 
burgh Golf, and Pittsburgh clubs, and to 
the Union League of Philadelphia. Mr. 
Donnell's personal appearance is an index 
to his character, giving the impression of 
intense vitality and alertness, while the 
keen yet kindly eyes indicate penetrating 
observation and withal a lovable and 
magnetic nature — a fact which goes far 
to account for the uniform success of his 

Mr. Donnell married, March 15, 1892, 
Anne Warden, a daughter of William G. 
Warden, of Philadelphia, who was one of 
the organizers of the Standard Oil Com- 
pany. They had one child, Miss Eliza- 
beth Donnell, one of the most popular 
members of the Iron City's younger so- 
cial set, the Donnell home on Highland 
avenue being the scene of many social 

Mr. Donnell's career may be summed 
up in one word — success — the result of 
his own unaided efforts. In common 
with his adopted city, he seems to 
possess that secret of perpetual energy 
which science cannot explain. 

CHAPLIN, James C, 

Financier, Pnblic Official. 

One of the strong financiers of the Iron 
City, a -dominant factor in the business 
world and a truly public-spirited Pitts- 
burgher, is James Crossan Chaplin, vice- 
president of the Colonial Trust Company, 
a director in many other financial insti- 
tutions, and prominently associated with 
a number of important business enter- 
prises. Mr. Chaplin is a descendant of 
ancestors who were distinguished in our 
Colonial, Revolutionary and national his- 

Benjamin Chaplin, founder of the 
American branch of the family, was born 
in 1687, in England, and emigrated to the 



American colonies, at what date is not 
recorded. He was at Lynn, Massachu- 
setts, and later settled at Pomfret, Con- 
necticut. He married, at Maiden, Con- 
necticut, but the name of his wife has not 
come down to us. 

William, son of Benjamin Chaplin, was 
of Mansfield, Connecticut, and married 
Esther, daughter of Ebenezer Holbrook, 
of Pomfret, Connecticut. 

William, son of William and Esther 
(Holbrook) Chaplin, was born May 2.2, 
1761, and was a soldier of the Revolution, 
serving from June to December, 1776. 
He was at one time a resident of Pitts- 
burgh (Allegheny), and afterward re- 
moved to Bethel, Vermont. It was thus 
that this branch of the family was 
planted, though only temporarily, in the 
city with which it was in later genera- 
tions to become so prominently identified. 
William Chaplin married (first) Amanda 
Sarah, daughter of Colonel Jabez and 
Judith (Elderkin) Huntington, of Nor- 
wich, Connecticut, the Huntingtons being 
an ancient colonial family of that prov- 
ince ; he married (second), Mrs. Polly 

John Huntington, son of William and 
Amanda Sarah (Huntington) Chaplin, 
was born October 6, 1783, in Windham, 
Connecticut, and was a graduate of Yale 
University. In 1805 he came to Pitts- 
burgh, studied law under Hon. Henry 
Baldwin, and on November 15, 1808, was 
admitted to the Allegheny county bar. 
He subsequently removed to Florida, 
where he attained eminence in his profes- 
sion, receiving the appointment of circuit 
judge of the United States Court. He 
was at one time worshipful master of 
Pittsburgh Lodge, No. 45, F. and A. M., 
chartered December 7, 1785. He mar- 
ried, March 28, 1809, Harriet, daughter of 
Major Isaac and Amelia (Neville) Craig, 
the former an officer in the Continental 
army, and the latter the daughter of Gen- 
eral John Neville, of Virginia, and Pitts- 

burgh, Pennsylvania, also of Revolution- 
ary fame. Judge Chaplin died August 2\, 
1822, at Pensacola, Florida, leaving a 
widow and two children : William Craig, 
mentioned below ; and Amelia Chaplin. 

William Craig, son of John Huntington 
and Harriet (Craig) Chaplin, was born 
April 11, 1810, in Pittsburgh, and in 1826 
entered the naval service of the United 
States, serving continuously until 185 1 
and attaining the rank of lieutenant. He 
married, February 8, 1833, Sarah J., 
daughter of James and Nancy (Morrow) 
Crossan, and they became the parents 
of eight children, the eldest of whom was 
James Crossan, mentioned below. Lieu- 
tenant Chaplin died April 25, 1856, in the 
officers' quarters at the Charlestown 
Navy Yard, Boston, Massachusetts. 

James Crossan, son of William Craig 
and Sarah J. (Crossan) Chaplin, was born 
May 14, 1836, in Pittsburgh, and on Octo- 
ber 14, 1850, entered the naval service of 
the United States. The remaining six- 
teen years of his life were devoted to the 
service of his country, twelve of these be- 
ing passed at sea. During the Civil War 
he rendered distinguished service, rising 
to the rank of lieutenant-commander. 
He married Martha Harris, and the fol- 
lowing children were born to them: Vir- 
ginia S., James Crossan, mentioned be- 
low; and Mary C. Lieutenant-Comman- 
der Chaplin died at sea, September 2^, 
1866, being then executive officer of the 
"Monocacy," a steam sloop of ten guns. 
He is best described in the following 
words, written during the Civil War by 
one who was then his commanding of- 
ficer: "In the hour of danger his pres- 
ence of mind never forsook him. Cool, 
calm and courageous, he was of such stuff 
as heroes are made of. On the social 
side, his many virtues shone to equal ad- 
vantage. He was one of nature's noble- 
men, and not one of the large circle who 
shared his friendship will ever forget his 
genial ways and warm heart," 

1 f\\ 


James Crossan, son of James Crossan 
and Martha (Harris) Chaplin, was born 
September 7, 1803, in Pittsburgh, and was 
but three years old when deatli deprived 
him of his father. After that event his 
childhood was passed in Missouri, but in 
1879 Mrs. Chaplin returned with her 
three children to Pittsburgh, settling in 
Sewickley. James Crossan, who was 
then sixteen years old, obtained a position 
in the Citizens' National Bank, resigning 
it not long after to take a more advanced 
place, that of teller, with the Fidelity 
Title and Trust Company. With this or- 
ganization he remained ten years, being 
promoted in the course of time to the of- 
fice of treasurer. He early developed re- 
markable business talents and untiring 
energy, his well balanced forces being 
manifest in sound judgment and a ready 
and rapid understanding of any problem 
that might be presented for solution. 
Upon the formation of the Colonial Trust 
Company of Pittsburgh, Mr. Chaplin was 
appointed to his present office of vice- 
president. His business interests are now 
of a most important nature, and he is 
recognized as one in the inmost circle of 
those who are closest to the commercial 
concerns and financial interests which 
have most largely conserved the growth 
and progress of the city. Possessing the 
very highest sense of honor, integrity is 
impressed upon all his dealings, and his 
good judgment and fine poise make him a 
valued adviser, a trusted counsellor in all 
matters relative to finance. The thorough 
business qualifications of Mr. Chaplin 
have always been in good demand on 
boards of directors of different organiza- 
tions, and his public spirit has led him to 
accept many such trusts. He is a direc- 
tor of the Coraopolis Savings and Trust 
Company, Coraopolis, Pennsylvania ; the 
Greenville National Bank, Greenville, 
Pennsylvania ; the First National Bank, 
Sharon, Pennsylvania; the First National 
Bank, Albion, Pennsylvania; the First 

National Bank, Conneaut Lake, Pennsyl- 
vania; the Wheeling and Lake Erie rail- 
road, Cleveland, Ohio; the Pittsburgh 
Terminal Railroad and Coal Company; 
the Pennsylvania China Company, Ford 
City, Pennsylvania ; the Pennsylvania 
Clay Company, and the Indianapolis & 
Louisville Traction Railway Company, 
Indianapolis, Indiana. He is vice-presi- 
dent of the Freehold Bank, Pittsburgh ; 
and the Colonial Trust Company, South 
Sharon, Pennsylvania, and president of 
the Crawford County Trust Company, 
Meadville, Pennsylvania, and the Mead- 
ville and Cambridge Springs Street Rail- 
way, Meadville, Pennsylvania. He is 
also treasurer of the E. J. Thompson 
Company, Pittsburgh, and the New Ken- 
sington Bridge Company, New Kensing- 
ton, Pennsylvania. A list of responsibil- 
ities such as these might seem, indeed, to 
overtax the capability of the average 
man, but not that of a man of the type of 
James Crossan Chaplin. To whatever he 
undertakes he gives his whole soul, al- 
lowing none of the many interests in- 
trusted to his care to suffer for want of 
close and able attention and industry. 

In all concerns relative to the city's 
welfare, Mr. Chaplin's interest is deep 
and sincere, and wherever substantial aid 
will further public progress, it is freely 
given. Brilliant, forceful and experi- 
enced, he is a dominant factor in the 
city's affairs, and any plan for civic bet- 
terment finds in him an enthusiastic sup- 
porter. Ever ready to respond to any 
deserving call made upon him, he is 
widely but unostentatiously charitable. 
Politically, he is identified with the Re- 
publicans, and his rapidity of judgment en- 
ables him, in the midst of incessant busi- 
ness activity, to give to the affairs of the 
community effort and counsel of genuine 
value. His penetrating thought has often 
added wisdom to public movements. He 
has served two terms in the Sewickley 
council, and is active in the local affairs 




tu the borough. He affiliates with the 
Masonic fraternity, belongs to the Pitts- 
burgh Chapter, Sons of the American 
Revolution, and is a member of the 
Duquesne, Automobile, Allegheny Coun- 
try and Pittsburgh Country clubs. He is a 
vestryman and also the senior warden 
of St. Stephen's Protestant Episcopal 

The personality of Mr. Chaplin is that 
of the aggressive and astute financier, the 
man of action rather than words, who 
demonstrates his public spirit by actual 
achievements which advance the pros- 
perity and wealth of the community. But 
while his countenance and bearing pro- 
claim him 10 be all this, they also indi- 
cate the genial disposition which has sur- 
rounded him with friends, and the splen- 
did personal qualities which have en- 
deared him to all who have ever been in 
close relations with him. In his views 
and opinions upon political or other ques- 
tions he is essentially liberal and singu- 
larly free from partisanship. 

Mr. Chaplin married, February 5, 1891, 
Fanny, daughter of Colonel David and 
Eliza (Mcllroy) Campbell, and they are 
the parents of two sons: James Crossan 
and David Campbell. Mr. Chaplin is de- 
voted to the ties of family and friendship, 
regarding them as sacred obligations. 
Both he and his wife — a woman of 
charming personality — are extremely pop- 
ular socially, and their beautiful home at 
Sewickley, the most exclusive suburb of 
Pittsburgh, is a scene of much enter- 

James Cro>san Chaplin is a descendant 
of men who served their country as sol- 
diers and sailors. His own record as a 
civilian worthily supplements his an- 
cestral annals, for it shows him to have 
been largely instrumental in strengthen- 
ing and maintaining the financial prosper- 
ity and honor of the Metropolis of the 
Industrial World. 

McCLUNG, Samuel A., 

Lawyer, Jurist. 

The history of the Bench and Bar of 
Pittsburgh had its beginning before the 
American Revolution, and the judges of 
her courts have ever stood second to 
none in the United States. The noble 
traditions of the past have been ably 
maintained by the magistrates of the pres- 
ent time— notably by such men as Samuel 
Alfred McClung, ex-Judge of the Court 
of Common Pleas of Allegheny county, 
and a leader in all movements having for 
their object the promotion of the welfare 
of Pittsburgh. 

Samuel Alfred McClung was born 
March 2, 1845, in Plum township, Alle- 
gheny county, Pennsylvania, and is a son 
of Rev. Samuel M. and Nancy Cowan 
(Gilchrist) McClung, the former, in his 
day, a prominent divine. The ancestors 
of both Mr. and Mrs. McClung were 
among the earliest Scotch-Irish settlers 
in Western Pennsylvania, and the im- 
press of their force, aggressiveness and 
strict integrity is to-day indelibly stamped 
upon that community. Jeremiah Murray, 
grandfather of Mrs. McClung, was a lead- 
ing pioneer of "Old Westmoreland." 

The education of Samuel Alfred Mc- 
Clung was received in public and private 
schools and at Washington College (now 
Washington and Jefferson College), 
whence he graduated in the class of 1863. 
On September 16 of that year he was 
registered as a student of law, and on 
December 15, 1868, was admitted to the 
bar on motion of John Mellon, who had 
been one of his preceptors, the other be- 
ing John M. Kirkpatrick. The young 
lawyer entered at once upon the active 
practice of his profession, and soon 
showed himself to be strong in reasoning, 
forceful in argument, and, withal, an un- 
tiring worker and a close student. In 
the course of time he became a leader of 
the Pittsburgh bar, which, distinguished 

: A Ni" ! - :.J LAIN 


from the beginning, to-day stands un- 
rivalled in all the accomplishments that 
make for the best in jurisprudence, prac- 
tice and culture, and all the elements that 
enter into the qualification of the modern 
pleader and attorney. 

On May 27, 1S91, Mr. McClung was 
commissioned a judge of the Court of 
Common Pleas No. 3, Allegheny county, 
to serve until the first Monday of Jan- 
uary, 189-'. At the election of 1891 he 
was elected to the same office for a term 
of ten years from the first Monday of 
January, 1892, and was commissioned ac- 
cordingly. In 1901 he was re-elected for 
another term of ten years. In December, 
1908, he resigned from the bench because 
of a breakdown in health, and has been 
living retired since then. The duties of 
his high office were discharged by Judge 
McClung with the utmost impartiality, 
and his decisions, characterized as they 
were by depth of insight and "learning in 
the law," showed him to possess, in an 
eminent degree, the judicial mind. 

It is seldom, indeed, that a man as suc- 
cessful and distinguished in professional 
life as is Judge McClung takes the keen 
and helpful interest in civic affairs which 
he has always manifested. Citizenship is 
to him a term indicating individual re- 
sponsibility as well as privilege, and his 
name is associated with various projects 
of the utmost municipal concern. His 
political affiliations are with the Repub- 
licans. Ever ready to respond to any de- 
serving call made upon him, his charity 
is of the kind that shuns publicity. In 
1902 he received from Washington and 
Jefferson College the degree of Doctor of 
Laws, and in the Alumni Association, of 
which he is a member, he takes a deep in- 
terest. He also belongs to the University 
Club. The personality of Judge Mc- 
Clung, while it is pre-eminently that of 
the jurist, suggests also the scholar and 
the man of affairs. A man of widest 
reading, a brilliant writer, an impressive 

and effective speaker and a powerful de- 
bater, he is withal intensely and tremen- 
dously in earnest. Himself a steadfast 
friend, he possesses the faculty of in- 
spiring in others the most loyal attach- 

Judge McClung married Fannie A., 
daughter of Dr. G. \V., and Fannie Mer- 
ritt, of Cherry Valley, Otsego county, 
New York, and they are the parents of 
the following children: Isabelle, who is 
a member of the Civic Club of Allegheny 
county; Edith Murray; and Samuel Al- 
fred, who has been a memer of the Pitts- 
burgh bar since 1908. Mrs. McClung 
was one of those rare women who com- 
bines with perfect womanliness and do- 
mesticity an unerring judgment, traits of 
the greatest value to her husband, to 
whom she was not alone a charming com- 
panion, but a trusted confidante. Mrs. 
McClung died May 2, 1913. 

The family is very popular in Pitts- 
burgh society, and their beautiful home 
in the East End is a centre of gracious 
hospitality. Judge McClung's position 
at the Pittsburgh bar has long been that 
of an acknowledged leader, and in the 
twenty years during which he sat upon 
the bench of the Court of Common Pleas 
he became one of the legal luminaries 
not of his city alone, but also of his State. 
Of brilliant talents and profound learn- 
ing, his greatest glory is that he pre- 
served inviolate the sanctities of his high 
office— that "when the ermine rested on 
his shoulders, it touched nothing less 
spotless than itself." 

LUKENS, Jawood, 

Iron Manufacturer. 

The Lukens trace in Philadelphia to 
Jan Luckens, who came in 1683 with his 
wife and formed one of the thirteen fam- 
ilies who founded Germantown on a tract 
of land purchased before leaving Ger- 
many by the Frankford Company. He 


was born in Crefeid, on the Upper Rhine; 
he arrived in Pennsylvania on the ship 
"Concord," October 6, 1683, became a 
prominent figure in the government of 
German township, was constable, burgess, 
sheriff and bailiff, and died January 24, 
1744. Originally a Mennonite, he became 
a member of the Society of Friends. The 
name in the third generation gained an 
additional letter and was spelled Lnckens, 
until several generations later the present 
form Lukens came into quite general use. 

The line of descent to Jawood Lukens, 
the iron master of Conshohocken, Penn- 
sylvania, was through Abraham Lucken, 
tenth child and fifth son of Jan Lucken, 
the emigrant. With Abraham, the family 
seat of this branch became what is now 
Towamencin, Montgomery county, where 
Abraham settled on five hundred acres 
of farm land purchased by his father, 
three hundred of which Abraham inher- 
ited. His wife, Mary, was a daughter of 
Thomas Maule or Marie, who came from 
Wales in 1716. 

John, eldest son of Abraham and Mary 
Lukens, was a surveyor, and spent his life 
on the plantation in Montgomery county. 
His wife was Rachel, daughter of James 

David, fifth son of John and Rachel 
Lukens, was born on the homestead plan- 
tation, and died on his own farm, now in- 
cluded in the borough of Conshohocken. 
His wife Mary was daughter of William 
Shepherd of Conshohocken 

Lewis Augustus, fourth son of David 
and Mary Lukens, was the first of his 
branch to engage in iron manufacture. 
He made malleable iron at a forge in 
Annville, Lebanon county, for ten years, 
then was in the lumber business four 
years, then conducted a farm in White 
Marsh township seven years. In 1858 he 
joined his brother-in-law, Alan Wood, in 
founding the firm of Alan Wood & Com- 
pany, later the Alan Wood Steel and Iron 
Company, and until 1877 he was a part- 

ner in the Schuylkill Iron Works at Con- 
shohocken. In that year he sold his in- 
terest in the works to his sons Charles 
and Jawood Lukens, and retired from 
business. He was a member of the So- 
ciety of Friends, served as chief burgess 
of Conshohocken three years; was seven- 
teen years a director of the First Na- 
tional Bank of Conshohocken and four 
years its president. His wife, Mary 
Thomas Wood, was a daughter of James 
Wood, founder of the first Wood rolling 
mill in Conshohocken. 

Jawood Lukens, fourth son of Lewis 
A. and Mary T. (Wood) Lukens, was 
born at Annville Forge, Lebanon county, 
Pennsylvania, March 8, 1843, died in Con- 
shohocken, Pennsylvania, March 10, 1908. 
He was educated at the academy of Rev. 
Samuel Aaron and under Professor John 
W. Loch, of Norristown. He completed 
his studies at the age of seventeen years, 
and began business at once with his 
father in the firm of Alan Wood & Com- 
pany. He remained with him two years, 
then entered the Polytechnic College of 
Philadelphia, whence he was graduated 
civil engineer, class of 1864. For two 
and a half years after graduation he fol- 
lowed his profession at various points, 
being employed on the survey of the 
route for the Pan Handle railroad 
through West Virginia, and later in the 
Pennsylvania oil fields. In 18C6 he re- 
turned to Conshohocken and again en- 
tered the employ of Alan Wood & Com- 
pany, continuing until 1874, when he was 
admitted a partner with his brother 
Charles. In 1877 their holdings in this 
firm were largely increased, their father 
assigning to them his interest and retir- 
ing. Jawood Lukens retained his connec- 
tion with Alan Wood & Company until 
1881, when he withdrew and spent a year 
in foreign travel. On his return he or- 
ganized the Longmead Iron Works, with 
plant at Conshohocken, which he success- 
fully operated until 1894. In that year 


the business was incorporated as the 
Longmead Iron Company, and the works 
greatly enlarged. Mr. Lukens was 
chosen the first president of the company, 
and under his able management the busi- 
ness and importance of the concern won- 
derfully increased. In 1883 Mr. Lukens 
had established the Conshohocken Tube 
Works for the manufacture of wrought 
iron pipe. He retained personal manage- 
ment as president and treasurer until 
1897, when the tube works were merged 
with the Longmead Iron Company. Mr. 
Lukens continued the active head of the 
latter company until his death, having 
created, built up and carried to a success- 
ful issue one of the principal industries 
of Conshohocken, giving employment to 
five hundred skilled mechanics. He was 
a wise, capable and conservative execu- 
tive and not only conducted his own 
business with skill and profit, but had 
other important connections. He served 
as borough councilman, was a director of 
the First National Bank of Conshohock- 
en, and of the Quaker City Bank of Phila- 
delphia. He was a member of the Ameri- 
can Institute of Mining Engineers, of the 
Union League, Manufacturers and Art 
Clubs of Philadelphia, and took an active 
interest in all. In political faith he was 
a Republican, and in religious preference 
a Friends. 

He married, November 26, 1868, Susan 
Foulke Corson, born August 9, 1845, who 
survives him, a resident of Conshohocken. 
Through her Colonial and Revolutionary 
ancestry, which traces to the early Dutch 
settlement on Staten Island, 1685, the 
early Welsh settlers of Philadelphia, 
1693, and the early Dickinsons of Mary- 
land, 1658, she is eligible to and is a mem- 
ber of the Colonial Dames of America. 

Mrs. Lukeiib is a daughter of Hiram 
Corson, M.D., the eminent physician of 
Plymouth, Montgomery county, Pennsyl- 
vania, whose work as a healer and for 
the admission of women to the medical 

profession brought him deserved prom- 
inence in life and enduring position in the 
medical hall of fame. The Corson ances- 
try carries back to Cornelius Corsen, 
who came with the band of Huguenots 
escaping from France after the revocation 
of the Edict of Nantes by Louis XVI, on 
October 18, 1685. The vessel on which 
he sailed was driven by stress of weather 
into New York Bay, the passengers mak- 
ing a landing on Staten Island in 1685. 

The line of descent to Mrs. Susan 
Foulke Corson Lukens is through Ben- 
jamin Corson, son of the emigrant, who 
settled in Bucks county, Pennsylvania, on 
the farm purchased from Jeremiah 
Dungan. Benjamin, son of Benjamin 
Corson, was a boy of seven years when 
brought to Bucks county by his parents. 
He married Marie Sedam or Suydam and 
had at least one son. Benjamin, son of 
Benjamin Corson, was born March 6, 
1743, died July 2, 181 1. He married 
Sarah Dungan, and reared a family of 
eleven children, all of whom married. 

Joseph, second son of Benjamin and 
Sarah (Dungan) Corson, was born in 
Dublin township, Philadelphia county, 
Pennsylvania, March 15, 1764, died April 
4, 1834, at Hickorytown, in Plymouth 
township, Montgomery county. He was 
a farmer and merchant. He was a mem- 
ber of the Society of Friends, and with 
his two wives is buried in Plymouth 
Meeting burying ground. His first wife 
was Hannah, daughter of Joseph Dick- 
inson (who lived on the farm his grand- 
father, William Dickinson, of Maryland, 
had purchased about one hundred years 
earlier, when he first came to Pennsyl- 
vania). This marriage occurred in 1786; 
she died December 17, 1810, the mother 
of eleven children. Joseph Corson's sec- 
ond wife was Eleanor Coulson, whom he 
married in 1812, daughter of John and 
granddaughter of Bernard Coulson, one 
of the early settlers and large land owners 


of Plymouth township. She survived him 
until November 21, 1846. 

The Dickinson ancestry is traced to 
Ivar, general to Halidan Herbein, king 
of Norway, in the year 700. His descen- 
dant, Gaultier or Walter De Caen, was 
with his kinsman, William the Conqueror, 
when he invaded England in 1066. From 
him sprang John De Kenyon, clerk in 
chancery during the reign of Edward I. 
From John sprang Hugh Dickinson, of 
Kenson Manor, near Leeds, 1422-1473. 
In lineal descent from Hugh was John 
Dickinson, born 1624, who came to Vir- 
ginia in 1654, subsequently moving to 
North Point, Maryland, thence to Talbot 
county, Maryland, where he owned three 
hundred acres of land. His son William, 
born 1669, married, in 1690, Sarah Harri- 
son, and moved to Darby, Pennsylvania, 
the same year. In 1703 he came to Rad- 
nor, later purchasing a large tract of land 
in Plymouth township, Montgomery 
county, where he lived until death. 
Joshua, born 1699, his fifth child, married 
Elizabeth Morris, and had a son Joseph, 
born 1729, married Hannah Wright. 
Their fourth child, Hannah, married Jo- 
seph Corson. 

Dr. Hiram Corson, ninth child and 
sixth son of Joseph and Hannah (Dickin- 
son) Corson, was born in Hickorytown, 
Plymouth township, Montgomery county, 
Pennsylvania, October 8, 1804, died at 
Maple Hill, his residence during nearly 
his entire adult life, March 4, 1896. In 
late life Dr. Corson wrote a history of 
the Corson family, from which the fore- 
going has been largely drawn. In the 
following pages he tells in part his own 
story : 

"My mother died when I was six years of 
age, but I received almost a mother's care 
from my sisters Mary and Sarah. My early 
education was received at the Friends' school 
at Plymouth Meeting, under Joseph Foulke, 
a minister in the Friends' Meeting at that 
place; later with my brother, Alan W. Corson, 

who was talented in mathematics and the 
natural sciences; and finally, when nearing 
manhood, at the Friends' Select School in 
Philadelphia, under Benjamin Moore. After 
leaving school I was engaged in my father's 
store at Hickorytown until May 9, 1826, when 
I entered as a student of medicine in the office 
of Dr. Richard D. Corson (his cousin) at 
New Hope, Bucks county. The following 
winter I attended lectures at the medical de- 
partment of the University of Pennsylvania. 
I graduated in the spring of 1828. After a 
few weeks' rest at home I was invited by my 
father's family physician to join him in the 
practice of medicine. Dr. Leedom was well 
advanced in years and desired to be relieved 
of some of the arduous labors of his profes- 
sion. After a three months' trial, the idea of 
a partnership was abandoned, but, Dr. 
Leedom desiring me to remain in the neigh- 
borhood, I did so, and was soon in posses- 
sion of a good practice, extending over a 
large extent of country. Light carriages were 
not then much used, physicians making their 
journeys mostly on horseback. The Schuyl- 
kill river had no bridges at Conshohocken nor 
at Spring Mill, but there was a Shackley 
ferry boat at the latter place. At Consho- 
hocken the river had to be forded, and some- 
times, when it was swollen with freshets, it 
was a very hazardous undertaking; so too, the 
Wissahickon had to be crossed, and often with 
great risk of life. In 1832 the Asiatic cholera 
made its appearance in this country, first 
being observed in Quebec. When it reached 
Philadelphia, July 5, 1832, I felt it to be 
my duty to my patients to visit the hospitals 
and learn what I could of the disease and its 
treatment. It was deemed by my friends a 
hazardous thing to do, but I went and saw 
the patients, and felt well repaid for my 
visit in the personal inspection I had of the 
terrible disease. In a week from that time 
the epidemic reached Conshohocken, and in a 
most violent form. For many nights in suc- 
cession I was at the bedside of the sufferers, 
nearly all of whom found relief only in death 
(This was also true of the cases in the two 
improvised hospitals in Philadelphia under 
the charge of Drs. Joseph Parrish and Samuel 
Jackson). Scenes of suffering such as I wit- 
nessed at that time can never be forgotten, 
but remain in perfect clearness as long as 
memory lasts. On the 26th day of December, 
in the year 1833, I married Ann Jones Foulke, 
a daughter of Edward and Tacy Jones 
(Foulke) of Gwynedd township, Montgomery 


county, Pennsylvania. We were married in 
Philadelphia, by Mayor Joseph Watrous, and 
soon afterward began our married life in the 
house which I had built during the preceding 
summer and fall, situated a short distance 
from Plymouth Meeting. There we lived for 
fifty-six years, when death came to my wife, 
leaving me to make the rest of life's journey 
without her comfort, sympathy and support, 
upon which I had placed the greatest reliance. 
I may say of her that she was a woman of 
the purest character, kind, gentle, and sweet 
in disposition; seldom has fate given to hus- 
band and children a more lovable and more 
loving wife and mother. Her nine chil- 
dren brought up under her care and wise 
instruction, idolized her, and to her I 
always turned for counsel in many impor- 
tant incidents of my professional life. When- 
ever I prepared a paper for publication, 
I invariably read it to her before sending it 
to the publishers, and none was ever sent 
without her approval. No home was ever 
blessed with a wife and mother more devoted 
to the happiness of the family. She died on 
the 25th of June, 1888, and was buried in the 
beautiful cemetery at North Laurel Hill. 

"I still live in the home in which our mar- 
ried life was commenced and completed, and 
the place to which I long ago gave the name 
of "Maple Hill" (on account of the large num- 
ber of maple trees, most of them planted by 
myself about the lawn), has been dear to me 
these years; and now, as my life's pilgrimage 
draws to a close, I look upon it with still 
more tender affection and sweeter memories. 
My life has been a busy one, devoted mainly 
to my profession, yet with a good share of 
my energies given to the interest of public 
morals and of human rights and justice. My 
professional experience covers a period of 
about sixty years, from 1828 to 1888, at which 
last named date 1 retired from active practice. 
During that long period 1 contributed to the 
literature of the medical profession, through 
various medical journals, the "Transactions of 
the Pennsylvania State Medical Society" and 
the "Transactions of the Ninth International 
Medical Congress," about sixty-eight medical 
papers and two important pamphlets, the one 
a "History of the Long Waged Struggle for 
the Recognition of Women Physicians," the 
other on "Procuring a Law to have boards of 
trustees of all Hospitals owned by the State 
to appoint women physicians to have the ex- 
clusive medical control of the female insane 
in those hospitals." This last named pamph- 

let contained about fifty pages. In conjunc- 
tion with the faculty of the Woman's Medical 
College, I had one thousand copies of it 
printed and distributed. In addition to the 
above, papers on special diseases and sub- 
jects, reviews and criticisms of papers pub- 
lished by others, were frequently given to the 
medical public. That many of my views, so 
greatly at variance with those long held, were 
strongly opposed, is admitted, especially so 
was the innovation introduced, by giving to 
children, ill with the measles, freely of cold 
water as a remedy — a thing unheard of be- 
fore that time (1829), yet as time rolled on 
and the great value of the cooling treatment 
was shown in that and in other febrile af- 
fections, denunciations of it were allayed, and 
now (1895) the cooling treatment which I so 
strongly advocated is universally used among 
enlightened physicians. But faithful and con- 
tinuous as were my labors as a physician, 
never in a single instance in the sixty years, 
was I failing to give as prompt attention to 
the calls of the poorest as to those of the 
richest. I do not regard those labors as the 
great work of my life. My efforts, successful 
ones, to have women physicians recognized by 
the medical profession, and to procure a law 
to have the female insane in Pensylvania to 
be cared for medically and otherwise by fe- 
male physicians, I regard as my great work. 
I was fifty-six years old when I began my op- 
position to the doings of the Philadelphia 
County Medical Society against medical 
women and the Woman's Medical College; 
sixty-seven when the embittered struggle for 
the recognition of female physicians was 
accomplished; seventy-two years old when I 
began my efforts to procure the law to have 
only women physicians to have medical care 
of the insane of their own sex in our State 
Hospitals; and seventy-five when that law was 
procured. The struggle was carried on with 
intense earnestness and conscientiousness dur- 
ing these many years, yet the very men, many 
of the most eminent in the State, who so ear- 
nestly opposed the so-called reform after the 
battle was over, not only acquiesced in the 
decision, but joined in doing honor to me. 
In 1883 twelve leading male physicians and 
twelve women, the faculty of the Woman's 
Medical College, joined hands in giving a 
reception to me at the Bellevue Hospital, 
Philadelphia, during the time of the State 
Medical Society's meeting, which in that year 
was held in Philadelphia. The reception in 
every way was a great success; hundreds of 



the profession were present. I was in my 
seventy-ninth year, and still in active prac- 

The positions held by Dr. Corson and 
the honors received are here tabulated : 
Graduated in medicine at the University 
of Pennsylvania, 1828; elected junior 
member of the Philadelphia County Medi- 
cal Society, 1828; founded anil became a 
member of Montgomery County Medical 
Society, 1847; became a member of the 
Medical Society of the State of Pennsyl- 
vania, 1848; elected president of the 
Montgomery County Medical Society, 
1849; elected president of the Pennsyl- 
vania State Medical Society, 1853; elected 
corresponding member of the Page Liter- 
ary Society of Millersville, Pennsylvania, 
1858; became a member of the American 
Medical Association, 1862; elected cor- 
responding member of Meigs and Mason 
Academy of Medicine of Middleport, 
Ohio, 1873; elected associate member of 
Philadelphia Obstetrical Society, 1874; 
elected associate fellow of College of Phy- 
sicians of Philadelphia, 1876, (this honor 
was greatly appreciated, as only residents 
of the city can become fellows, and there 
can be but thirty associate fellows in the 
United States, and only twenty abroad) ; 
elected life member of the Alumni Asso- 
ciation, University of Pennsylvania, 1879, 
vice-president, 1894; elected honorary 
member of Harrisburg Pathological Soci- 
ety, 1881 ; elected member of Historical 
Society of Pennsylvania, 1884; appointed 
trustee of Insane Hospital at Harrisburg, 
by Governor Hartranft, 1877, reappointed 
by Governor Hartranft and Governor 
Hoyt, 1882; appointed by Board of Pub- 
lic Charity, official visitor to Montgomery 
Jail and Almshouse, and after many years' 
service was in 1884 appointed to the same 
office in the great Southeastern Hospital 
for the Insane at Norristown, but on ac- 
count of advanced age declined to accept 
the new appointment and resigned the 
old; elected honorary member of National 

Association of Obstreticians and Gynecol- 
ogists, 1894. 

The following testimonial from the 
Woman's Medical College of Phila- 
delphia, dated January 26, 1881, signed 
by the chairman of the committee, 
Frances Emily White, and transmitted 
to Dr. Corson under the signature 
of the dean, Rachel Bodley, was one 
of his most cherished possessions: 
"The Faculty of the Woman's Medical 
College of Pennsylvania, believing that 
the present useful and honorable position 
of women physicians is mainly due to the 
disinterested persistent and energetic ef- 
forts of Dr. Hiram Corson, of Plymouth 
Meeting, desires to convey to Dr. Corson, 
with mutual congratulations, their hearty 
thanks and expressions of highest es- 

For over half a century Dr. Corson was 
the recognized leader of thought in the 
community in which he lived, and "ex- 
emplar of the highest type." He was 
from youth an earnest and active oppo- 
nent of human slavery, and his home at 
Maple Hill was a well known station on 
the "underground railroad." At his 
death, leading papers and in adjoining 
counties published extended and lauda- 
tory sketches of his life and work, and 
beautiful editorial comments on his life 
and character. The Montgomery Medi- 
cal Society, of which he was founder, 
president and always an active member, 
held a special meeting, at which resolu- 
tions of condolence and respect were 
passed and eulogies delivered. A memo- 
rial meeting was held in the court house 
at Morristown, May 22, 1896, when ad- 
dresses were delivered by many promi- 
nent men on the life and character of Dr. 
Corson. His funeral was held on Mon- 
day, March 9, 1896, and with one or two 
exceptions was the largest ever held in 
Montgomery county. From far and near 
came his friends to have a parting look 
upon the face of their translated friend. 

1 ;j 


^CCr^q eJl&®0*«-*A*J*^ 


There were beautiful tributes to his mem- 
ory from several friends, and the body 
was borne to its final resting place in 
Laurel Hill Cemetery. There the "good 
Doctor" rests — his ninety years on this 
earth well accounted for; his memory a 
rich heritage to his children; his life an 
inspiration to every reader. 

Two of his sons adopted the medical 
profession. The eldest, Dr. Edward 
Foulke Corson, was a surgeon in the 
United States Navy during the Civil 
War. The second son, Dr. Joseph K. 
Corson, was a surgeon in the United 
States Army during the Civil War, then 
in practice with his father until 1867, 
then enlisted in the United States regular 
army as surgeon, serving thirty years 
until 1897, when he retired. The third 
son, Charles Pollen Corson, was an emi- 
nent lawyer of the Philadelphia bar until 
his death. 

The ancestry of Ann J. Foulke Corson, 
wife of Dr. Hiram Corson and mother 
of Mrs. Susan Foulke Corson Lukens, 
traces to Edward Foulke, who came to 
Pennsylvania from the parish of Lland- 
derfel, Wales, in 1693. His ancestry has 
been traced by means of Welsh records 
and other sources of information through 
sixteen generations to Colwyn ap Mor- 
rerddig, King of Gwyredd. Edward 
Foulke married, in Wales, Eleanor, 
daughter of Hugh ap Cadwallader ap 
Rhys, of the parish Skyter, Derbighshire. 
Their eldest child, Thomas, born in 
Wales, married, in 1706, Gwen, daughter 
of David Evans, of Radnor, Delaware 
county, Pennsylvania. Their second 
child, William, born 1708, married Han- 
nah Jones, August 15, 1734. Their fifth 
child, Amos, born 1740, married 1778, 
Hannah, daughter of Owen Jones, of 
Wynnewood, Pennsylvania. Their sec- 
ond child, Edward Foulke, born Novem- 
ber 17, 1784, married, December 11, 1810, 
Tacy Jones. The eldest of their twelve 
children, Ann Jones Foulke, born Septem- 

ber 15, 181 1, married, December 26, 1853, 
Dr. Hiram Corson. She was of the twen- 
ty-first recorded generation of the 
Foulkes in Wales and America. 

CONARROE, George Mecum, 


Among the eminent lawyers of the last 
half a century that have practiced at the 
Philadelphia bar, was Thomas Dunlap, 
also for several years president of the 
Bank of the United States, and his son- 
in-law, George M. Conarroe, husband of 
Nannie D., youngest daughter of Thomas 
and Anne (Wilkinson) Biddle, and grand- 
daughter of Colonel Clement and 
Rebekah (Cornell) Biddle. Colonel 
Clement Biddle was an officer of the 
Revolution, ami a descendant of William 
Biddle, pioneer ancestor of the Biddle 
family of Philadelphia. Rebekah, his 
wife, was the only daughter of Gideon 
Cornell, Lieutenant Governor and Chief 
Justice of Rhode Island at the time of his 
death, 1765. 

George M. Canarroe was a descendant 
of Luigi Cornaro, a noble Venetian, de- 
scended from one of the illustrious famil- 
ies of Venice, who died at Padua in 1565, 
aged about one hundred years. Luigi 
Cornaro, at the age of eighty years, pub- 
lished a book "The Advantages of Tem- 
perance," in the Italian language, that 
was translated into Latin and later into 
English by Timothy Smith, an apothecary 
of London, and published in that city in 
1743. An original copy of this quaint old 
work can be found in the Philadelphia 

George M. Conarroe, son of George \V. 
Conarroe, an artist of prominence, was 
born in Philadelphia, November 9, 183 1. 
After completing his classical education 
he chose the legal profession, preparing 
under the guidance of Charles E. Lex, 
and was admitted to the Philadelphia bar 
May 14, 1853. He rose rapidly in his pro- 


fession and continued in active practice 
until several years prior to his death, 
when he retired to his beautiful estate 
at York, Maine, high on the bold rocks 
of the coast overlooking the sea. There 
he spent in contentment, peace and deep 
enjoyment, his latter years, and died 
August 25, 1896. Considered as a lawyer, 
he had no superiors in his special line 
of practice — real estate and the adminis- 
tration of trusts. While a student he was 
careful and accurate, and, even before ad- 
mission to the bar, possessed a deep 
knowledge of legal principles. He gained 
speedy recognition from his professional 
brethren, by whom he was held in highest 
esteem during his forty years' association 
with the Philadelphia bar. He was pre- 
eminently learned in the law of real es- 
tate, and acquired a large practice, espe- 
cially in the management of large estates 
and administration of trusts. He was 
the legal mentor, rather than the advo- 
cate, and was especially valuable in 
counsel. His mind was clear and logical, 
and his use of the English language ex- 
act, as is shown in his legal opinions, 
which treat of many intricate and im- 
portant questions. His deep knowledge 
of the law and trained judicial mind, 
coupled with his experience, would have 
made him an admirable judge in a probate 
court. Contrary to the opinion generally 
held of professional men, he was an able 
business- man, managing the interests of 
others, as well as his own, with much 
profit and advantage. His guidance to 
clients in financial difficulties often saved, 
where in the hands of others there would 
have been failure. With all his learning 
and experience he could not have been 
the successful lawyer that he was, save 
for the additional qualities he possessed to 
an unusual degree — earnestness and per- 
severance. Having once undertaken a 
case, no trouble or labor was too great, 
and, in anything that he believed should 

be done, he was determined of purpose 
and would not be turned aside. 

He was never a politician, preferring 
personally the life of a private citizen, but 
took the deepest interest in public affairs, 
with which he was thoroughly conver- 
sant, also being on terms of intimacy with 
many public men of the day. He affili- 
ated with the Republican party; was one 
of the early members of the Union 
League of Philadelphia ; an ardent worker 
for the preservation of the Union ; and 
maintained an unabated interest in public 
affairs, even after becoming an invalid. 
He was most anxious for the success of 
Mr. McKinley's candidacy for the presi- 
dency, but did not live to know of the 
election of his favored leader. In reli- 
gion, he was a member of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church, both by conviction and 
inheritance, and, although a man of re- 
tiring domestic tastes, took an active part 
in the affairs of the church. He was a 
vestryman of St. Mark's Church, and of 
the Church of St. James the Less of Phil- 
adelphia; was often a delegate to conven- 
tions of the church, and took a leading 
part as a layman in such conventions. He 
was learned in ecclesiastical law, and was 
much sought in counsel by bishops and 
clergy. The position he occupied in the 
church is best attested by the large num- 
ber of clergymen from various places who 
showed him the last mark of respect by 
their attendance at his funeral, held at 
the Church of St. James the Less, and 
where amid its solemn rural beauty he 
awaits the second coming of his Master. 

As a friend, Mr. Conarroe was of the 
truest type. His friendship was not only 
that of sentiment, but he earnestly desired 
to be of benefit to his friends, and spared 
no effort to advance their hopes and am- 
bitions. Many a man owes to Mr. Conar- 
roe's friendship and aid, elevation to a 
position of honor, or a successful issue to 
an undertaking. 

Himself the descendant of a Revolu- 

r A ln /nA 


tionary officer, Mr. Conarroe was proud 
of everything American and proud of the 
history of his country. He was one of 
the early members of the Pennsylvania 
Society, Sons of the Revolution, and par- 
ticularly gave his aid to those undertak- 
ings of the society which tended to keep 
alive the memory of Revolutionary times, 
believing these monuments, tablets and 
memorials the best lessons in patriotism. 
He was a member of the society's board 
of managers until his death. Although 
not a clubman in the sense usually meant, 
he enjoyed social intercourse with friends, 
and was a member of the Philadelphia 
and Penn clubs. 

Mr. Conarroe married, February 4, 
1868, Nannie Dunlap, youngest daughter 
of Thomas and Annie Wilkinson (Biddle) 
Dunlap, who survives him, a resident of 
her native city, Philadelphia. This mar- 
riage was one of the happiest and most 
truly helpful. They shared each qther's 
sorrows and joys, bore each the other's 
burdens, and each held the other's inter- 
est paramount. Mr. Conarroe was wont 
to speak of the goodness and sweetness 
of his wife, whose helpful sympathy he 
proudly acknowledged. His memory is 
lovingly cherished by her, and with jus- 
tice can it be said that his life is both an 
inspiration and an example worthy of 
emulation, viewed either as the life of a 
professional man or as a private citizen. 
He did all things well, and fought well 
the great battle of life. 

JOHNSON, Alba Boardman, 

Locomotive Manufacturer 

Commercial or manufacturing fame 
may be either local, national or world 
wide. Philadelphia has given to the na- 
tion "Disston's," whose tools are used in 
every hamlet, village, town and city ; to 
the world; "Cramp's," whose ships have 
visited every port ; but her greatest es- 
tablishment, "Baldwin's," has a fame lo- 

cal, national and international. Their im- 
mense works on Broad and Fifteenth 
streets, and the clanging bells of great 
locomotives as they rush over, under and 
across city streets, are familiar sights to 
every Philadelphian. In every State in 
the Union, locomotives bearing the name 
"Baldwin" rush on glistening rails, over 
rivers, under mountains, and across tree- 
less prairies, drawing the products of 
mill, mine and farm, in endless variety; 
while more carefully groomed monsters 
of power and speed hurl "mile-a-minute" 
passenger trains between the great cen- 
tres of population. This also is true of 
the countries of the world ; the name 
"Baldwin" being found in every clime 
and in every land traversed by railroads, 
from the frozen north to the sun-kissed 
sands of the Soudan ; east, west, north or 
south — in Europe, Africa, South America, 
or the Isles of the sea, "Baldwin" is the 
magic name that symbolizes power, speed 
and safety, and, always accompanying it, 
are the words "Philadelphia, U. S. A." 

With this great industry now known 
to the world as "The Baldwin Locomo- 
tive Works," Alba Boardman Johnson 
has been associated since boyhood as 
clerk, partner, vice-president, treasurer 
and president. With the exception of 
two years, his entire business life has 
been spent with "Baldwin's," his contin- 
uous service covering a period of thirty- 
three years, 1879 to 1912. 

Alba B. Johnson was born in Pitts- 
burgh, Pennsylvania, February 8, 1858, son 
of Samuel Adams and Alma Sarah (Kemp) 
Johnson, a descendant of Lieutenant 
Timothy Johnson, a colonial officer who 
settled in Massachusetts in 1677. Samuel 
A. Johnson was one of the pioneer oil 
producers and refiners of the Pennsyl- 
vania oil field until a destructive fire 
swept away his refineries and buildings 
near Pitsburgh. Unable to rebuild he 
came, in 1862, to Philadelphia, where he 
was superintendent of a refinery owned 



by Logan Brothers. In the spring of 
1863 he entered the employ of Burnham, 
Parry, Williams & Company (M. W. 
Baldwin & Company), then engaged in 
the building of locomotives, becoming 
foreman of a department. The lad Alba 
entered the public schools of Philadel- 
phia, passing through the intermediate 
grades until he reached Central High, 
whence he was graduated, class of 1876. 
He began business life May 14, 1877, as 
junior clerk in the office of Burnham, 
Parry, Williams & Company, the firm 
then operating the Baldwin Locomotive 
Works. In 1878 he associated with the 
Edgemoor Iron Works of Wilmington, 
Delaware, continuing about two years. 
He then returned to his first employers, 
and, rising step by step, through sheer 
merit, assuming each time greater respon- 
sibility, but always proving equal to 
every demand made upon him, until 1896, 
when he was admitted to a partnership 
in the firm of Burnham, Williams & Com- 
pany, successors to Burnham, Parry, Wil- 
liams & Company. In this capacity he 
became the principal outside member of 
the firm, his being the task of securing 
contracts in sufficient quantity to keep the 
great plant busy. The growth of the busi- 
ness during this period testifies to the 
value of his efforts in securing new busi- 
ness. His quiet yet forceful manner, his 
thoroughly practical understanding of the 
business he represented, and his knowl- 
edge of the mechanical and scientific per- 
fection of the Baldwin locomotive, were 
factors which won him success in the 
competitive field. When the business of 
Burnham, Williams & Company was in- 
corporated us The Baldwin Locomotive 
Works, July 1, 1909, Mr. Johnson was 
elected vice-president and treasurer, and 
in 1911 he was elected president of the 
great works he had entered as a boy 
thirty-three years earlier. Of his fitness 
there is none to doubt, and that his eleva- 
tion was deserved, all agree. He has 

closely applied himself mentally to mas- 
ter the scientific principles underlying 
mechanical construction, his library con- 
taining the best standard works and ar- 
ticles on practical engineering, and rare 
volumes on early mechanical discovery 
and invention. 

But this is only one side of his literary 
activity; historical, scientific, botanical 
and purely literary works make up his 
library, concededly one of the finest in the 
country, devoted to private use. His 
knowledge of botany is unusual and his 
magnificent country seat at Rosemont, 
Pennsylvania, called Castana, the Span- 
ish name for a chestnut tree, so named 
from an aged and very large tree of that 
variety growing thereon, is a wonderfully 
beautiful example of the skill of the land- 
scape gardener. The growing trees, 
shrubs and flowers give him rare delight, 
and many are the varieties found on the 
broad acres of Castana. Outside his of- 
ficial duties as president of "Baldwin's," 
he holds directorships in the Standard 
Steel Works, the Fourth Street National 
Bank, the Philadelphia National Bank, 
the Pennsylvania Company for Insurance 
on Lives and Granting Annuities, and the 
Philadelphia Saving Fund. Mr. Johnson 
actively supports many societies of local 
and national importance. He was presi- 
dent of the Presbyterian Social Union in 
1906-1907; president of the Geographical 
Society of Philadelphia 1907-1909; presi- 
dent of the New England Society of 
Pennsylvania, 1912-1913; trustee of Jef- 
ferson Medical College and Hospital; 
member of the American Academy of Po- 
litical and Social Science; the American 
Master Mechanics' Association; the His- 
torical Society of Pennsylvania; and the 
Pennsylvania Society of The Sons of the 
Revolution. His clubs are: The Union 
League of Philadelphia; the Merion 
Cricket of Haverford ; and the Railroad 
of New York City. In political prefer- 


ence he is a Republican ; in religious faith 
a Presbyterian. 

Mr. Johnson married, April 30, 1883, 
Elizabeth T., daughter of Biddle Reeves; 
she died in 1908. In 1910 he married 
Leah Goff. 

This is a brief chronicle of the highest 
type of American manhood, of a man 
quick to see and seize opportunity, not 
living the life of a sordid business man, 
but recognizing the obligation of citizen- 
ship and the obligations of man to man — 
who has kept in touch with his fellow- 
men through mental culture and personal 
contact with the world's workers in many 

BAER, George F., 

Lawyer, Railroad Executive. 

There is no dissenting voice raised to 
the statement often made that, in his par- 
ticular realm of activity, Mr. Baer has 
no superior. Of national reputation as 
president of a great railroad corporation, 
he is not so widely known as a lawyer 
and public speaker as his merit deserves, 
yet it was his marked ability as counsel 
for the Philadelphia & Reading railroad 
that caused him to be singled out from 
among many able men for elevation to 
the presidency, at a time when a wise 
conservative constructive policy was 

Mr. Baer descends from German ances- 
tors, and is of the fourth generation in 
the United States. His direct ancestor, 
Christopher Baer (Bar), came from Zwei- 
brucken, Germany, with two brothers, 
Milchoir and Johannes, in the ship "Phoe- 
nix," from Rotterdam, in 1743, arriving 
in Philadelphia, September 30 of that 
year. He settled in Northampton county 
with his wife, Katherine Wingert, and 
there purchased a large quantity of land, 
giving a farm to each of his six married 
children: Jacob, his youngest son, was 
born in what is now Whitehall township, 

Lehigh county, in 1761, married, and in 
1800 moved to a farm in Maryland, near 
Mount Savage Station, Allegheny county, 
where he resided until death. Major 
Solomon Baer, his son by a second wife, 
Mary Elizabeth Hersch, was born in Le- 
high county (then Northampton), in 
1794, and died in Somerset county, Penn- 
sylvania, in 1882. He married in 1820, 
and settled in Berlin, Somerset county. 
He died, in Somerset, January 12, 1882. 
He was constable for several years, also 
justice of the peace, and held every rank 
in the militia from captain to brigade 
inspector. He married, in 1820, Anna 
Maria, daughter of George Baker; she 
was born February 2, 1797, died October 
5, 1888. 

George Frederick Baer, eighth child of 
Solomon and Anna Maria (Baker) Baer, 
was born in Somerset county, Pennsyl- 
vania, September 26, 1842. When a lad, 
his parents moved from the farm to the 
county seat, Somerset borough, where 
the lad attended Somerset Institute until 
he reached the age of thirteen years. He 
then entered the printing office of the 
"Somerset Democrat," working at type- 
setting for two years. He then pursued a 
course of study at Somerset Academy for 
one year, then for another year was 
chief clerk and bookkeeper at the Ashtola 
Mills, a large manufacturing plant lo- 
cated ten miles from Johnstown, Penn- 
sylvania. In the fall of i860 he entered 
the sophomore class at Franklin and Mar- 
shall College, Lancaster, Pennsylvania, 
but his course there was interrupted by 
the Civil War. Then, in partnership 
with his brother Harry, he purchased the 
newspaper plant on which he had served 
his boyhood apprenticeship — The "Som- 
erset Democrat." In the following Sep- 
tember, his brother enlisted in the Union 
army, becoming an officer of company B, 
54th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers. 
This left him in sole charge of the paper. 
To properly edit and attend to its publi- 


cation, taxed his strength and entailed al- 
most unceasing labor. He worked in the 
composing room by day, editing the pa- 
per by night, and on more than one oc- 
casion composed his editorials while 
standing before his case and setting it in 
type at the same time. 

During this period of his career he 
kept up a course of study, intending to 
return to Franklin and Marshall College, 
which materially added to the already 
heavy burden. Trying as his work was, 
it was a fitting preparation for the greater 
burdens and responsibilities of later life. 
He continued the publication of the 
"Democrat" until August, 1862, when he 
raised a company of volunteers from 
Somerset and vicinity, and which was 
mustered into the United States service, 
with Mr. Baer, not yet twenty years of 
age, as captain. He served nine months, 
part of this time by detail as assistant 
adjutant general of the Second Brigade, 
Humphreys' Division. His regiment 
joined the Army of the Potomac at the 
second battle of Bull Run ; fought at 
Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellors- 
ville and Fredericksburg, where it formed 
the advance line in the deadly charge 
upon Marye's Heights, December 13, 
1862. Captain Baer was mustered out of 
service May 26, 1863, and returned to 

He at once began the study of law un- 
der the preceptorship of his brothers, 
William and Herman, both attorneys at 
the Somerset bar. After his admission to 
the bar in April, 1864, he began practice 
in Somerset, continuing four years, and 
gaining valuable experience, particularly 
in jury trials and pleading. On January 
22, 1868. he was admitted to the bar of 
Berks county, establishing his office and 
residence at Reading. He grew rapidly 
in public favor as a capable, reliable 
lawyer, his practice growing steadily each 
year, and extended to all States and fed- 
eral courts of the district, and when at 

the zenith of his legal career he was en- 
gaged in every important case tried in the 
Berks county courts. In 1870 he was ap- 
pointed counsel to the Philadelphia & 
Reading Railroad, and in that capacity 
was in charge of a great deal of impor- 
tant litigation. Later he was elected a 
director of the Philadelphia & Reading 
Company, but resigned when unable to 
agree with the policies of President Mc- 
Leod. About this time he became a 
trusted confidential legal adviser in Penn- 
sylvania of J. Pierrepont Morgan, and 
with him was prominent in the reorgani- 
zation of the Philadelphia & Reading 
Railroad Company in 1893. He contin- 
ued in highly remunerative and success- 
ful law practice in Reading for thirty 
years, the records of the prothonotary's 
office at Reading and the published rec- 
ords of cases taken to the Supreme Court, 
showing the great scope of his practice 
in the courts, both State and national. 

In 1901 he was elected president of the 
Philadelphia & Reading Railroad Com- 
pany, and from that date forward has 
guided the much exploited Reading to a 
position of assured security and prosper- 
ity in all departments. His administra- 
tion has been marked with great con- 
structive achievement, and advance in the 
physical condition of the road as well as 
in its financial condition. The entire 
system has prospered under President 
Baer's wise conservative policies, and he 
will go down in history as one of the 
great railroad executives of his time. 

Another great corporation that has 
benefited by his service as counsel, di- 
rector and president, is the Reading Iron 
Company, a company that he placed in 
the front rank in the iron trade, with es- 
tablished trade connections all over the 
world. He is also president of the Tem- 
ple Iron Company, and prominently 
identified with the Pennsylvania Steel 
and Cambria Steel companies. Other en- 
terprises with which he is identified are 



the Reading Paper Mills, established in 
1886; the Penn National Bank (1883); 
Reading Hospital (1884) ; Reading Trust 
Company (1886) ; Penn Common (1887) ; 
Wyomissing Club (1890); Reading Free 
Library (1898.) ; Berkshire Club (1899)— 
his connection with all continuing active 
except with the Penn National Bank. 
His connections with Penn Common 
were particularly important in securing 
that property for the city of Reading 
from the county of Berks, and as presi- 
dent of the board of park commissioners. 
Reading also owe- to Mr. Baer the erec- 
tion of its first modern ofhce building, a 
seven story structure of eighty rooms. 

To turn from this record of a busy suc- 
cessful business life will be to exhibit Mr. 
Baer in a purely intellectual light and in 
a sphere his talent- have adorned. Dur- 
ing his entire public life he has been in 
demand as a lecturer and platform 
speaker. His printed addresses are num- 
erous and cover a wide range of learning. 
They display the forcible, precise char- 
acter of his rhetoric and the boldness of 
his convictions. His addresses, always 
extemporaneous, are clear in diction, and 
so faultless in logic, that delivered in a 
straightforward way, without dramatic 
flourish, they compel the closest atten- 
tion and win admiration, if not always 
approval. His books of cases prepared 
for presentation to higher courts show 
great care, thorough preparation and 
complete knowledge of the cases to be 
presented, and evidence also in a high de- 
gree superior literary culture and high 
legal attainment. His versatility is re- 
markable, as is shown by the following 
partial list of subjects of addresses deliv- 
ered : "Land Tenures," delivered before 
the law department of the University of 
Pennsylvania; "Relation of Tariff to 
Wages,'* before the Single Tax Society of 
Reading; Addresses of Welcome to the 
German Society, of which he was the first 
president; "Influence of the Reformed 

Church on Civil Government," at the 
dedication of a new theological seminary 
at Franklin and Marshall College; "The 
Germans in Pennsylvania," before a 
Teachers' Institute at Reading; "Bech- 
stein Germanic Library," at its opening at 
the University of Pennsylvania, the first 
of four addresses delivered on that occa- 
sion ; "Appeal to Democrats," issued 
against the candidacy of William J. 
Bryan for the presidency in 1896; "Ora- 
tion at the Unveiling of the Soldiers' and 
Sailors' Monument at Allentown," Octo- 
ber 19, 1899; "Work is Worship," deliv- 
ered before the Young Men's Christian 
Association of Reading in 1900, amplified 
and delivered before Franklin and Marsh- 
all College, 1902; Address delivered at the 
laying of the corner stone of a new sci- 
ence building at Franklin and Marshall, 
1900; "Pennsylvania Theories of Govern- 
ment," before Pennsylvania Society of 
New York, 1902; Argument made before 
the Anthracite Coal Strike Commission, 
1904; "Mining of Coal," the last lecture 
of a popular course of eighteen lecture? 
delivered in Schuylkill Valley towns, 
1905; Dedication of Boy's High School. 
Reading, 1906; "Railroad Legislation." an 
open letter to the Pennsylvania Legisla- 
ture, issued February 7, 1907. These 
have all been issued in pamphlet form, 
but by no means exhaust the list of his 
public addresses. Mr. Baer has always 
felt a deep affection for Franklin and 
Marshall, a college that may be consid- 
ered his alma mater (although not a 
graduate). He has served as trustee 
since 1872, and since 1894 as president of 
the board. He lias labored unceasingly 
for the advancement of the college, and 
has been exceedingly liberal in his finan- 
cial support. In 1886 the college con- 
ferred upon him the honorary degree of 
LL.D., and in 1895, the Alumni Associa- 
tion elected him vice-president. 

In political faith, Mr. Baer has always 
been a Democrat, fearlessly advocating 


its principles when to do so meant to 
combat the attitude of those with whom 
he was most closely connected. He never 
accepted public office for himself, but 
while located in Reading was deeply in- 
terested in local politics. He supported 
the candidacy of Palmer and Buckner, 
"Gold" Democratic candidates fur the 
presidency and vice-presidency in 1896, 
and his "Appeal to Democrats," previous- 
ly mentioned, aided materially in gaining 
votes for the "Gold" ticket and causing 
the defeat of the "Silver" candidate, Wil- 
liam J. Bryan. 

Mr. Baer married, in 1866, Emily, 
daughter of John O. Kimmel, of Somer- 
set, Pennsylvania. In the many years 
of their married life at Reading. Mrs. 
Baer took a very active part in the man- 
agement of the Widow's Home, the 
Woman's Club, the Book Club, and the 
Needle Work Guild, serving each of these 
as president. In social life she was an 
acknowledged leader, the receptions at 
the beautiful Baer mansion, "Haw- 
thorne" on Mineral Spring road, being 
the great social events of the season. At 
the Sesqui-Centennial held in Reading, 
in June, 1898, "Hawthorne" was thrown 
open, Mr. and Mrs. Baer displaying a re- 
markable spirit of liberality in welcoming 
and entertaining distinguished visitors 
and affording them unusual opportunities 
for seeing and knowing the social, indus- 
trial and municipal affairs of Reading, 
and of realizing its growth, wealth and 

After the election of Mr. Baer to the 
presidency of the Philadelphia & Read- 
ing Railway, the winter home of the fam- 
ily was moved to Philadelphia. The Baer 
children are: Marion, wife of William 
N. Appel ; Helen, wife of William Gris- 
com Coxe ; Mary, wife of Isaac Hiester; 
Emily, widow of Frank L. Connard ; 
Nellie, wife of Heber L. Smith. 

Shortly after locating in Reading, Mr. 
and Mrs. Baer identified themselves with 

the membership of the Second Reformed 
Church, the daughters also becoming de- 
voted members. A feature of their in- 
terest was the elaborate floral decoration 
of the church, from their own conserva- 
tories, on all special occasions. This nec- 
essarily brief resume of an active life 
covering a period from the age of thirteen 
to seventy years, brings prominently for- 
ward a trait of Mr. Baer's character — 
predominant industry. He i.-> a tireless 
worker, and illustrates in his own life the 
spirit of one of his own published ad- 
dresses — "Work is Worship." He has at- 
tained distinction not through influence 
or favor, but through his own indomi- 
table will and strong belief in himself 
backed by an industry that could not be 
denied. He is yet the active head of 
great corporations, and on the "firing 
line" each day of his life, neither asking 
or giving quarter in his fight to maintain 

ROBINSON, Vincent Gilpin, 

Lawyer, Legislator. 

Born in the neighboring State of Dela- 
ware, and a Pennsylvanian by adoption, 
yet the boyhood of Mr. Robinson was 
spent in localities far remote from those 
States. But from the age of fifteen years 
he has been a resident of Delaware coun- 
ty, Pennsylvania, and since 1900 a lead- 
ing member of the Philadelphia bar. 

Mr. Robinson is a son of Jacob F. and 
a grandson of Joseph Robinson, of Eng- 
lish ancestry, both native born sons of 
the State of Delaware. Joseph Robinson 
was well known in Wilmington and 
Philadelphia, especially in shipping cir- 
cles, he having been owner and operator 
of a line of packets plying on the Dela- 
ware, between those cities, for many 
years. This line, known as Robinson's 
Packets, was an important and a favor- 
ite passenger and freight line of that day. 


He died in 1818, leaving a large family of 

Jacob F.j eldest son of Joseph Robin- 
son, was born in Wilmington, Delaware, 
there was educated, married, and spent 
his earlier years of manhood. Later he 
moved to the State of Indiana, thence to 
Paris, Bourbon county, Kentucky, but on 
the outbreak of the Civil War returning 
east, settling in Philadelphia. Later he 
moved to Chester, Delaware county, 
Pennsylvania, where he died in 1867. His 
wife, Rebecca Ellen Little, was born in 
York, Pennsylvania. 

Vincent Gilpin, eldest of the five chil- 
dren of Jacob F. Robinson, was born in 
Wilmington, Delaware, August 21, 1851. 
He accompanied the family in their trav- 
els through Indiana, Kentucky and Penn- 
sylvania, obtaining in various schools a 
good English education. At the age of 
sixteen years his father died and he be- 
came head of the family. His first posi- 
tion was as clerk in the office of O. F. 
Bullard, prothonotary of Delaware coun- 
ty, with offices in the court house at 
Media. Here he attained his ambition to 
become a lawyer, and two years later he 
resigned his clerkship and began study 
under the preceptorship of Edward A. 
Price, a capable lawyer of the Delaware 
county bar. He passed the required ex- 
amination and on August 26, 1872, being 
then twenty-one years of age, was ad- 
mitted to the bar. He at once began 
practice in Media, continuing with Mr. 
Price for one year, then and until 1883, 
continuing in practice alone. He quickly 
took a leading position at the Media bar, 
and in 1875 was elected district attorney 
of Delaware county, and in 1878 was re- 
elected. In 1876 he applied for and was 
admitted to practice at the Philadelphia 
bar, and from that date has been in con- 
tinuous practice in the Philadelphia and 
Delaware county courts, as well as all 
States and Federal courts of the Eastern 
District of Pennsylvania. In 1883 he 


formed a law partnership with Horace P. 
Green, practicing until 1892 as Robinson 
& Green. After this partnership was dis- 
solved, Mr. Robinson continued to prac- 
tice law in Media until about 1894, when 
he became a memer of Rich, Robinson & 
Boyer, of Philadelphia, having offices at 
Sixth and Chestnut streets. This firm 
dissolved about 1895, and Mr. Robinson 
has since been alone in practice and is 
now located in the Stephen Girard Build- 
ing. He has had a very successful career 
as a lawyer, being especially strong in 
trial cases. He has been prominently 
connected with important will cases, and 
has been uniformly successful in his 
legal contentions. Perhaps his most not- 
able case was the Letitia Robinson will 
case, tried in Media by Mr. Robinson, 
associated with his former law partner, 
Mr. Green. This, one of the celebrated 
cases of Pennsylvania courts, was begun 
October 9, 1901, the verdict not being 
rendered until November 16th following. 
The case was bitterly contested, and the 
victory brought Mr. Robinson well de- 
served congratulation. He is learned in 
the law, carefully prepares for his legal 
battles, and is most skilful in the applica- 
tion of his knowledge. 

A Republican from his youth, he was 
the youngest candidate ever presented for 
the office of district attorney in Delaware 
county. His re-election was a deserved 
recognition of the value of his services to 
the county as prosecutor, and but for his 
youth he would have followed his second 
term by being elected county judge. He 
took active part in Delaware count)' poli- 
tics during his residence in Media, serv- 
ing as secretary of the Republican 
county committee, and sitting as delegate 
in many conventions of his party. In 
November, 1910, he was elected Repre- 
sentative for the Second Delaware Coun- 
ty Legislative District, serving on the 
committees of judiciary general, judici- 
ary local, military pensions and gratui- 



ues, public health and sanitation, and 

In 1879 ' le began his long connection 
with the Pennsylvania National Guard. 
He was commissioned in that year major 
and judge advocate, and served in various 
offices until July 1, 1895, when he re- 
signed as aide-de-camp with the rank of 
captain, on the staff of Brigadier General 
John W. Schall, commanding the First 

Mr. Robinson has not confined his ac- 
tivity entirely to his profession, but is 
interested officially with the Rittenhouse 
Trust Company of Philadelphia, of which 
he was vice-president and solicitor, and 
he is director, solicitor and one of the 
incorporators of the Media Title and 
Trust Company. He is a member of the 
Masonic order, belonging to George W. 
Bartram Lodge, No. 298, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons; Media Chapter, No. 234, 
Royal Arch Masons, of which he is past 
high priest ; and is a thirty-second degree 
Mason, of Philadelphia Consistory, An- 
cient Accepted Scottish Rite. In reli- 
gious faith he is a member of the Protes- 
tant Episcopal church, served Christ 
Church, Media, many years as vestryman, 
and has served in the same position after 
moving to Philadelphia with St. James 
Church, Twenty-second and Walnut 
Streets. He is a member of the National, 
State and County Bar Associations, and 
of many clubs and organizations, includ- 
ing the Union League, Lawyers, and 
Young Republican, of Philadelphia; 
and the Historical Society of Penn- 
sylvania. He is fond of travel, and his 
days "off duty" each year are usually 
spent in touring the United States, Eu- 
rope, China, Japan, or some other coun- 
try whose history and people he wishes 
to become more familiar with. This gives 
one a fair idea of Mr. Robinson's char- 
acter; he never does anything solely be- 
cause he will gain pleasure from the 
doing, but all his trips and vacations are 

planned with the double motive of pleas- 
ure and benefit. He is genial, friendly 
and generous, delights in association with 
his fellows, sees the good there is in 
men, and is always willing to "lend a 
hand" in any good work. He is held in 
the highest esteem by his brethren of 
the bar and has many friends. 

He married, November 17, 1874, Sallie 
M. Baker (died 1883), daughter of J. 
Mitchell Baker, of Chester county, and 
sister of Captain Jesse M. Baker, a law 
student under his brother-in-law, V. Gil- 
pin Robinson, district attorney of Dela- 
ware county, and a major in the United 
States service. On December 5, 1894, 
Mr. Robinson married A. May, daughter 
of Dr. John Whartenby, a well known 
Philadelphia physician ; she died Febru- 
ary 8, 1902. On July 16, 1908, he mar- 
ried Mary A. Kent, daughter of Thomas 
Kent, a manufacturer of Clifton Heights, 
Delaware county, Pennsylvania. The 
family home is at Clifton Heights, Dela- 
ware county, Pennsylvania. 

AMSPOKER, Samuel, 

Samuel Amspoker, a prominent at- 
torney, citizen, and religious worker of 
Washington, Pennsylvania, is of German 
descent through each of his parents. He 
was born in Hanover township, Wash- 
ington county, March 8, 1857. 

Samuel Amspoker, his father, was born 
in Brooke county, Virginia (now West 
Virginia), and came in his young manhood 
into Washington county, Pennsylvania. 
He was a farmer, and had also learned 
the trade of millwright. He was killed by 
the falling of a load of lumber upon him. 
Samuel Amspoker, Jr., was at this time 
but nine months old. His mother, Eliza- 
beth (Ault) Amspoker, was afterward 
again married to Jacob Wright, and re- 
moved to Dennison, Ohio, where she 
died. Until her second marriage she 


lived on the home farm, and her son re- 
mained there with her until he was four- 
teen years old, attending the country dis- 
trict school. When he was sixteen he be- 
gan teaching school during the winters, 
still working mi the farm in vacation 
times. Thus he saved the money where- 
by he was enabled to obtain a college ed- 
ucation. For this he was also fitting him- 
self mentally by private study. 

He entered the Ohio Wesleyan Uni- 
versity, at Delaware, Ohio. The diffi- 
culties in the way of his attaining the de- 
sired education were not yet all passed 
through, however, for, after only one 
year's study, he was compelled to leave 
college on account of sickness. There 
was, however, no change of purpose nor 
abandonment of his intention. Three 
years elapsed before he was able to re- 
sume, but in the spring of 1880, Mr. Am- 
spoker entered Washington and Jeffer- 
son College, and graduated in 1883 with 
the degree of Bachelor of Science, cer- 
tainly representing in his case persever- 
ing effort and genuine intellectual en- 
deavor. Supporting himself with the aid 
of what he could earn by teaching dis- 
trict school, he registered with James P. 
Saver as a law student, and did the 
double work of studying law and teach- 
ing. In 1885, December 16th, he was ad- 
mitted to the bar in Washington county, 
and immediately began practice at Wash- 
ington. Here he has continued success- 
fully, engaged in general practice. He 
has been admitted to practice in all the 
State and Federal courts. He has, how- 
ever, specialized in the settlement of es- 
tates, and is recognized as well qualified 
for this kind of legal work. More large 
estates have been settled by him, prob- 
ably, than by any other attorney in 
Washington county. In his earlier prac- 
tice he was prominent as a criminal 
lawyer, but he has given up that branch 
of the profession. Mr. Amspoker was 
■one of the charter members of the Wash- 

ington County Bar Association, October 
31, 1892, and was its first secretary. In 
this position he continued for several 
years, and he is to the present day active 
in its affairs. 

Mr. Amspoker is a very active Demo- 
crat, but does not seek office for himself; 
on the contrary, he has repeatedly de- 
clined nominations for high office. He 
has been a member of the Democratic 
County Committee, and, on many oc- 
casions, a delegate to a district or State 
convention of the party. Democratic 
nominations for the State House of Rep- 
resentatives and the State Senate and for 
Congress have been refused by him. For 
a time he was a member of the borough 
council ; and for three terms (fifteen 
years) he served as justice of the peace. 
In all civic matters making for public 
betterment he is greatly interested. At 
the present time he is a member of the 
City Shade Tree Commission. He has 
not lost his earlier interest in educational 
matters; from 1885 to 1888 he was an as- 
sistant examiner, working in conjunction 
with the County Superintendent of 
Schools, and he is interested in all mat- 
ters of this sort. 

Mr. Amspoker married, March 31, 1886, 
Mina S., daughter of Andrew and Clarissa 
(Wright) Halstead, of Brooke county, 
West Virginia. Of their four children, 
Clarissa and Ruth are living at home; 
Mason, the oldest, and Elizabeth, the 
third child, are deceased. 

The family are members of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal church, and have always 
been active in church and Sunday school 
work, earnest supporters of religion, fi- 
nancially and otherwise. Mr. Amspoker 
has found no study more interesting nor 
more useful than that of the Bible, of 
which he is an earnest student. He fre- 
quently gives talks to different societies 
on religious beliefs and topics of religious 

Although his ancestry is mainly Ger- 



man, Mr. Amspoker has some of the 
blood of the Scotch. His paternal grand- 
mother was a Leeper, of the same Scotch 
family as Captain John Leeper, of the 
American Revolution. A coat-of-arms 
which has descended through this grand- 
mother is in Mr. Amspoker's possession. 

PURVIS, William B., 


The Purvis family have been identi- 
fied with the business interests of Butler, 
Pennsylvania, for many years. Joseph L. 
Purvis and others of this family repre- 
sented particularly the lumber and plan- 
ing mill industry. William B., son of 
Joseph Purvis, however, is prominently 
connected with the Butler county bar, to 
which he was admitted in 1901. He was 
born in Butler, Butler county, Pennsyl- 
vania, November 28, 1876. His father, 
also born in Butler county, died in 1907, 
after a lifetime of great usefulness. His 
mother, Mary E. (Bailey) Purvis, yet 
survives, a resident of Butler. 

William B. Purvis obtained his early 
and preparatory education in the public 
schools, being graduated from the high 
school in 1895. He then entered West- 
minster College, New Wilmington, 
Pennsylvania, whence he was graduated 
A. B., class of 1898. Having chosen the 
profession of a lawyer, he entered the 
Law School of the University of Penn- 
sylvania, whence he was graduated 
LL.B., class of 1901. He was admitted 
to the Butler county bar, July 15, 1901. 
He then became associated with James 
M. Galbraith, in Butler, continuing until 
Mr. Galbraith was elected judge in 1902. 
Mr. Purvis since then has continued in 
legal practice alone. He rose rapidly in 
his profession and in public favor, and is 
well established in a practice. In 191 1 
he was elected District Attorney of But- 
ler county, assuming the duties of that 
office January 1, 1912. He is a member 

of the Butler County Bar Association; 
has been admitted to practice in all State 
and Federal courts of his district. He is 
a learned lawyer and an able prosecutor. 
He is a Republican in politics, and active 
in party affairs. He is a member and 
deacon of the First Presbyterian Church ; 
and a member of the Masonic order and 
of the Butler County Club. 

Outside his legal business, Mr. Purvis 
has important interests. He is a member 
of the firm of S. G. Purvis & Company, 
lumber dealers; secretary of the Butler 
Driving Park and Fair Association ; and 
otherwise interested in the growth, pros- 
perity and wellbeing of his city. 

WHITLA, James P., 


James P. Whitla, son of William and 
Margaret J. (Mills) WKltla, was born 
October 4, 1865, in New Wilmington, 
where he received his preparatory educa- 
tion in the public schools, later entering 
Westminster College, whence he gradu- 
ated in 1883 with the degree of Bachelor 
of Arts. He was then for seven years an 
instructor in the high school and 
academy, and at the end of that time be- 
gan the study of law, being admitted in 
1891 to the Lawrence county bar. After 
practicing for a short time in Newcastle, 
Mr. W r hitla came in 1892 to Sharon, 
where he has ever since remained. He 
belongs to the State and County Bar As- 
sociations, and he and his family are 
members of the Presbyterian church. 

Mr. Whitla married, May 17, 1893, Isa- 
bella, daughter of Henry and Selina 
(Porter) Forker, of Sharon, and they are 
the parents of two children : a daughter 
Selina, and a son William. 

McCULLOUGH, William J. L., 

Physician, Surgeon. 

Among the several instances in Wash- 
ington county, Pennsylvania, where 



father and son have both practiced the 
"divine art of healing," is to be found 
the McCulloughs. Both are native born 
sons of Washington, although the prac- 
tice of Dr. Samuel L. McCullough, the 
father, carried him for several years to 
Beaver county. He spent a long lifetime 
in medical practice in the counties of 
Washington, Beaver, and Allegheny. 
His wife Margaret Proudfit, also born in 
Washington county, is deceased. 

Dr. William J. L. McCullough was 
born in Cross Creek, Washington county, 
Pennsylvania, February 10, 1880. He 
passed his early life in Washington and 
Beaver counties, and was educated in 
various schools including those of Frank- 
fort Springs, Beaver county, where his 
father practiced medicine ten years. He 
was a graduate from the academy at the 
latter place, class of 1896, then entered 
Western University (now Pittsburgh 
University) remaining two years. He 
then decided to follow the profession of 
his honored father, and entered Jefferson 
Medical College at Philadelphia, whence 
he was graduated M.D., class of 1905. 
He then spent a year at West Penn Hos- 
pital, in Pittsburgh, and another year at 
the Municipal Hospital in the same city, 
gaining a valuable experience in different 
and unusual cases, both medical and 
surgical. In 1907 he established in prac- 
tice at Washington, Pennsylvania, where 
he has gained a secure place in public 
esteem as a skilful exponent of the heal- 
ing art. His practice is general in char- 
acter, including both surgical and medical 
cases. He is identified with the Wash- 
ington Hospital, at which institution he 
is a member of the surgical staff. Dr. 
McCullough is a member of the Ameri- 
can, Pennsylvania State and Washington 
County medical societies, and in all keeps 
fully abreast of the best medical thought. 
He is a Republican in politics and while 
interested and well informed, is not active 
in party affairs. He serves on the city 

Board of Health, and shares with his 
townsmen his full responsibility of citi- 
zenship. He is a member of the Wash- 
ington County Golf and Country clubs, 
the Bassett Young Men's Club, and the 
First Presbyterian Church, both he and 
his wife being active in church and Sab- 
bath school work. 

Dr. McCullough married, September 
25, 1907, Bertha, daughter of Dr. George 
S. and Sarah (Tucker) Graham, of Flor- 
ence, Pennsylvania. Dr. Graham, who 
died in 1903, was an eminent physician of 
Florence, and a man prominent in the 
public service of his county and State, 
serving in the State Legislature and in 
other prominent and responsible offices. 
His widow still survives. Dr. and Mrs. 
McCullough are both prominent in the 
social life of Washington. 

This record would be incomplete with- 
out mention of four of the brothers of Dr. 
Samuel L. McCullough, who gave their 
lives for the supremacy of the Union in 
the great struggle between the States — 
two were killed in battle, and two died 
from wounds received in battle. All four 
sleep in one grave in beautiful Arlington, 
where an imposing monument marks the 

Happily gifted in manner, disposition 
and taste, enterprising and original in 
ideas, personally liked most by those who 
know him best, and as frank in declaring 
his principles as he is sincere in main- 
taining them, Dr. McCulloughs career 
has been rounded with success and 
marked by the appreciation of men whose 
good opinion is best worth having. 

HEILMAN, Dr. Arthur M., 

Physician and Surgeon. 

Although of Armstrong county lineage, 
Dr. Heilman has been for several years a 
citizen of Butler, and is thoroughly de- 
voted in his allegiance to his adopted city. 

He was born in Kittanning, Pennsyl- 



vania, January 12, 1879, son of James M. 
and Esther E. (Quigley) Heilman. His 
parents are both native born residents of 
Armstrong county, James M. Heilman 
being a prominent building contractor 
and mill operator. He has been active 
and prominent in business all his life, 
successful, and retired from all business 
enterprises January 1, 1913. 

Arthur M. Heilman spent his early life 
in Kittanning, where he attended the 
public schools. He prepared at Phillips 
Academy, Andover, Massachusetts, then 
entered Washington and Jefferson Col- 
lege. After two years in that institution 
he began professional study in the Medi- 
cal Department of the University of 
Pennsylvania. In 1902 he was graduated 
M.D., then for eighteen months was in- 
terne at St. Joseph's Hospital, Philadel- 
phia, securing a diploma from that insti- 
tution, setting forth the practical experi- 
ence he had obtained as interne. He 
chose Butler as a location, and in the fall 
of 1903 made permanent settlement there. 
He conducts a general practice, and is 
well established in public favor with a 
large and growing practice, both medical 
and surgical. He is a member of the 
staff of the Butler County General Hos- 
pital, and holds membership in the Amer- 
ican, Pennsylvania State and Butler 
County medical societies. He holds high 
position in his profession, and is one of 
Butler's most esteemed citizens. He is a 
Republican in politics, and deeply inter- 
ested in public and political affairs. He 
is a luver of healthy athletic sports, and 
usually spends a few days each year with 
his gun in some distant woods where 
game is found. 

In religious faith both Dr. Heilman and 
his wife are Presbyterians, belonging to 
the First Church of Butler. His club is 
the Butler Country Club. 

Dr. Heilman married, June 18, 1907, 
Alice Collier, daughter of John N. and 
Emily (Stein) Patterson, of a prominent 

Butler family. Children: John Patter- 
son and James Madison, both born in 

KELL, John F., 


The bar of York county, Pennsylvania, 
has ever been renowned for the high 
standing and deep learning of its mem- 
bers, and has ever been distinguished for 
its probity and the lofty professional 
standard it has maintained, and the pres- 
ent sketch refers to one of its members 
of whom it is proud, John F. Kell. 

The Kells came to York county from 
Franklin county, Pennsylvania, James 
Kell, son of Samuel and Margaret 
(Mears) Kell, being the first of the family 
to settle in York county. He was of Eng- 
lish, Scotch-Irish descent, and for several 
years after coming to York county 
taught school. He then studied law, was 
admitted to the bar, and practiced his 
profession in York successfully until his 
death, June 4, 1899. For forty years he 
was a commanding figure in the public 
affairs of York. He was a leader and 
held many important positions, including 
that of register of wills, 1877, and post- 
master of York, 1884-88. He married, 
March 19, 1862, Jane Elizabeth, daughter 
of Dr. John Frey Fischer, of York, who 
survives him, residing in the same house 
in which she was born, until 1910. 

John F. Kell was born in York, Penn- 
sylvania, January 30, 1863, son of James 
and Jane Elizabeth (Fischer) Kell. He 
received his education in the public and 
private schools of York and at York Col- 
legiate Institute. Upon the completion of 
his education, he entered the law office of 
his father, James Kell, read law, and was 
admitted to the York county bar July 14, 
1889, and has since practiced in York. 
As a lawyer, Mr. Kell is noted for his 
quick appreciation of the points counsel 
are endeavoring to establish, and for his 


invariable success in getting at the root 
of the matter by questions during argu- 
ment, and when he asks one of his search- 
ing, illuminating questions he will either 
develop the strength of the argument or 
demonstrate its weakness. He has a 
broad, comprehensive grasp of all ques- 
tions that come before him, and an un- 
usual facility for getting to the bottom of 
every contention submitted. He is strong 
in reasoning, forceful in argument, and 
his deductions follow in logical sequence. 
Mr. Kell was for a number of years 
United States Commissioner. He has 
never exhibited any political aspirations, 
but has confined his attention strictly to 
business matters, contenting himself with 
the privilege of voting in common with 
his fellow-citizens. 

Mr. Kell married, in 1888, in York, 
Pennsylvania, Miss Ella Louise, daughter 
of John M. Brown, of York, and they 
have a child: John F. Kell, Jr. By this 
marriage Mr. Kell gained the life com- 
panionship of a charming and congenial 
woman. His wife is fitted by native re- 
finement, a bright mind and thorough 
education, for the social position she oc- 
cupies, and she enters graciously and 
with enjoyment into the duties her posi- 
tion calls for. 

PATTERSON, Dr. John A., 

Physician and Surgeon. 

Since early days, the Pattersons have 
been prominent in Washington county, 
Pennsylvania. Dr. John A. Patterson is 
a son of Captain Harrison and Gazilda 
(Ross) Patterson, both of whom were 
born in Washington county. Captain 
Patterson was captain of a local company 
of the State militia for fourteen years. 
He was an active Democrat, and held 
many local offices ; he died in 1907, aged 
ninety years, his wife preceding him to 
the grave many years. He was a Baptist, 

she a Presbyterian, both devout chris- 

Dr. John A. Patterson was born in 
East Finley township, Washington 
county, Pennsylvania, April 7, 1844. He 
was educated in the public schools, Free- 
man Academy and the Pennsylvania 
State Normal School at California, 
whence he was graduated, class of 1864. 
During the years spent at normal school 
he taught at intervals in the public 
schools. After completing his years of 
preparation he was at last in a position to 
realize his life's ambition, the study of 
medicine. He began reading under Dr. 
John W. Kelly, at Claysville, Washington 
county, continuing for two years, teach- 
ing school during the entire time. In 
1870 and 1871 he attended Jefferson Med- 
ical College, whence he was granted a 
certificate entitling him to practice. He 
at once located at Zollarsville, Washing- 
ton county, where for four years he prac- 
ticed his profession. He then entered 
Ohio Medical College at Cincinnati, Ohio, 
whence he was graduated M.D.,. class of 
1875. He then returned to Zollarsville, 
resuming practice and continuing in suc- 
cessful practice until 1887. He then lo- 
cated in Washington, where he has now 
been in continuous practice for twenty- 
five years. In these years Dr. Patterson 
has built up a large clientele among the 
best class, and has a well earned reputa- 
tion as a skilful and honorable practi- 
tioner. He is a member of the American 
Medical, the State Medical and Wash- 
ington County medical societies; is a 
member of staff of the City Hospital, and 
was for several years connected with the 
staff of Washington County Hospital. 
His practice is general in character, and 
is both medical and surgical. He is a 
Democrat in politics, has served two 
terms in the City Council, and was chosen 
president of that body. For twenty-four 
years he has served on the Board of Ed- 
ucation, and has been an earnest, devoted 


friend of the cause of public education. 
Pie has been for many years connected 
with several building and loan associa- 
tions, and has always been identified with 
all progressive movements tending to pro- 
mote the public good. During his many 
years of membership in the Washington 
Medical Society he served for one term as 
president, and is now the oldest living ex- 
president of that society. He is an active 
member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church. He also belongs to the 

Dr. Patterson married, October 18, 
1875, Isabella, daughter of Isaac and 
Amanda (Cox) Leonard, of Zollarsville. 
Their only son, Dr. Gray E. Patterson, is 
a graduate of Washingon and Jefferson 
College and Western Pennsylvania Med- 
ical College, and is now associated in 
practice with his father in Washington ; 
he married, November, 1903, Ella W. 
Watson, and has a daughter, Dorothy E. 

WILSON, Dr. T. D. M., 

Physician and Surgeon. 

A well known name in the medical an- 
nals of Washington county, Pennsyl- 
vania, is that of Wilson. It was first 
borne in the county by Dr. John R. Wil- 
son (son of John), a student under Dr. 
Robert Lane and a graduate of Jefferson 
Medical College, class of 1849, who prac- 
ticed one year at Claysville and about 
1850 located in Washington county, 
Pennsylvania, where he practiced con- 
tinuously until his death, March 15, 1873. 
He gained wide distinction as a physician, 
having a large practice in which he was 
succeeded by his son, Dr. T. D. M. Wil- 
son, who has also inherited his father's 
many sterling qualities. 

Dr. T. D. M. Wilson, son of Dr. John 
R. and Charlotte (Walker) Wilson, was 
born in Washington, Pennsylvania, De- 
cember 14, 1852. He was educated in 
the public sclmols and grew to manhood 

in Washington. He entered Washing- 
ton and Jefferson College, class of 1873. 
On account of his father's death in his 
senior year and his necessary absence 
to settle the estate, he failed to finish his 
course and did not receive his degree. 
In the fall of 1873 ne decided to regular- 
ly qualify for the practice of medicine, 
having previously read under the able 
preceptorship of his father. He entered 
Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, 
whence he was graduated M.D., class of 
1875. After six months further experi- 
ence and training in the hospitals of 
Philadelphia and Pittsburgh he located 
in Washington, and began a practice 
that, beginning with many of his father's 
old patients, has grown to very large pro- 
portions. He is a skilful surgeon as well 
as a medical practitioner of acknowl- 
edged ability and high standing. The 
practice of the Drs. Wilson has now ex- 
tended over a period of sixty years, and, 
eminent as was the father, the merits of 
the son do not suffer in comparison. Dr. 
Wilson is a member of the American 
Medical, the State Medical and Wash- 
ington County medical societies, taking 
active interest in all and keeping touch 
with his brethren in all surgical or med- 
ical advancement in the treatment of the 
sick or injured. He is a Republican in 
politics, active in his earlier years, has 
filled many borough offices, and is high- 
ly regarded by party leaders as a safe 
counselor. He is a regular attendant and 
a liberal supporter of the First Presby- 
terian Church of which his family are 

Dr. Wilson married Gennie E. 
Schenck, daughter of Dr. Charles F. 
Schenck, born in Germany, educated at 
Heidelberg, came to the United States, 
and became an eminent physician of Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio. Children of Dr. and Mrs. 
Wilson : A son and two daughters. 

The son, John Russell Wilson, was ed- 
ucated in the public schools, prepared at 


Kiskiminetas Academy, at Saltsburg, 
Pennsylvania, entered Washington and 
Jefferson College, whence he was grad- 
uated, class of 1900, having taken the 
scientific course. After three and a half 
years as draughtsman for the Pressed 
Steel Car Company, he became Mad en 
gineer for Washington county, holding 
that position two years. He then, No- 
vember i, 1905, became one of the corps 
of engineers in the employ of the Penn- 
sylvania Siate Road Commission, and as 
such made a survey of the l lid National 
Pike from the Maryland to the West 
Virginia line through the State of Penn- 
sylvania. In June, 191 1, he resigned and 
opened an office in Washington as gen- 
eral civil engineer. He married, Sep- 
tember 19, 1906, Joana Grace, daughter 
of John P. and Alice (Penn) flutter, of 
Charleroi, Pennsylvania; children: Alice 
Elizabeth and John Russell Wilson. 

The eldest daughter of Dr. T. D. M. 
Wilson, Elizabeth, was educated in the 
public schools. I lis youngest daughter, 
Charlotte Walker, is a graduate of Fast 
Washington Grammar School, Washing- 
ton Seminary, Vassar College, 1912, earn- 
ing as a competitive prize a scholarship 
in biology at the Wood-Hole Maine 
Biological Laboratory, where she en- 
tered for the summer course in July, 

HOLMES, Joseph Lincoln, 

Lawyer, Financier. 

Among the men of this State who 
have risen to prominence by reason of 
their own steads industry and endeavor, 
stands conspicuously Joseph Lincoln 
Holmes, of the influential lawyers 
and public spirited men of Beaver. Mr. 
Holmes is a native Of Independence 
township, Beaver comity, where lie was 
born on February 22, 1861, an annuel 
sary famous indeed, and one that appeals 
to the patriotism of every true American 

citizen. It is not unlikely that it may 
have had its molding effect upon the 
character of the growing boy. He was 
the son of a farmer, Lcander Holmes, his 
mother having been a Miss Mary Mc- 
Callister, indicating the strain of old 
world blood that Hows in the family 
veins. The father was a sturdy Repub- 
lican in politics and a man of strong 
character and worth, though not given to 
public display or to figuring much in po- 
litical matters. He was a hard worker, 
contenting himself with hi- farm and the 
duties which it engendered, and the prop- 
er care of his family ; he and his wife 
died in Beaver county, where they were 
born and hail passed their lives. 

Joseph Lincoln Holme- was reared on 
the old farm, assisting in the work of the 
place during hi- earl) years. Hi- pri- 
mary education was acquired in the dis- 
trict schools of the county, and after 
learning all that could be taught him 
there he was sent to New Sheffield and 
Peirsol Academies. After his grad 
he became a teacher, for four years teach- 
ing 111 the district schools, and an in- 
structor in the graded schools for a sub- 
sequent year. He then turned his atten- 
tion to the study of law. and, cutting 
short his career a- a teacher, he attended 
the Michigan Universitj Law Scl >. al 
Ann Arbor, from which he v. a- grad 
uated in 1888. After taking hi: 
at the I niversity, he placed himself un- 
der the instruction of W. H. S Thomp- 
son and J. R, Martin, both prominent at- 
torneys of Beaver; and finally opened 
for himself an ofti.e in Beaver, which he 
has occupied ever since, having always 
continued alone in hi- practice. 

Mr. Holmes has been remarkably suc- 
cessful in hi- profession, and ha- been 
admitted to practice in all of the State 
and Federal courts. For three years be- 
ginning January 1, \<r*>. he acted as 
count) solicitor, acquitting himself with 
distinction and securing hi- position 111 




the public esteem. He is connected in va- 
rious capacities with leading institutions 
and corporations of Beaver, and his 
opinions and advice have been of great 
benefit to the concerns with which he 
has been associated. lie is a trustee of 
Beaver College, and a director of the 
Eirst National Bank of Beaver, being 
chairman of the discount committee; for 
a number of years also he was a member 
of the city school board, and has served 
as chairman of the Public Library As- 

Politically, Mr. Holmes is a Republi- 
can, being very active in his party and 
frequently serving as a member of the 
Republican county committee; upon va- 
rious occasions he has been chosen as 
chairman of the committee, in which ca- 
pacity he is at present acting. He has 
also frequently been a delegate to coun- 
ty, district, and State conventions, and 
was a member of the Borough Council for 
twelve years. Socially Mr. Holmes is a 
man very high in the public esteem, and 
is popular and influential among his 
friends and associates. As a mark of 
this esteem he has been made president 
of the Ramsey Men's Club, a social organ- 
ization of this place, beside being the 
recipient of other tokens 'if popular re- 

On September 21, 18X7, he was mar- 
ried to Miss Alice Jane Ewing, daughter 
of James P. and Mariah (Littell) Ewing, 
of Beaver county, and one of the descen- 
dants of a very old and prominent family 
of this county. John Ewing, one of the 
Pennsylvania ancestors, was a member 
of the commission which in 1779 was ap- 
pointed to meet Virginia commissioners 
in order to settle the boundary of West- 
ern and Southern Pennsylvania, which 
was in dispute between the two States. 
This commission met in Baltimore and 
agreed "to extend Mason and Dixon's 
line due west live degrees of longitude, 
to be computed from the River Dela- 

ware, for the southern boundary of 
Pennsylvania; and that a meridian drawn 
from the western extremity thereof to 
the northern limit of said state, be the 
western boundary of said State forever." 
This agreement was confirmed by the 
Pennsylvania Assembly in 1779, and by 
Virginia in the following year. 

Mr. and Mrs. Holmes have two 
charming daughters, the Misses Hazel 
and Alice Holmes, both of whom are liv- 
ing at the family residence. The entire 
family are members of the United Pres- 
byterian church of which Mr. Holmes 
has been an elder for the past fifteen 
years, and of which fur the past twelve 
years he has also been a trustee. He is 
one of the most active members of the 
congregation in church and Sunday 
school work' of all kinds, and has done 
much to advance the interests of this 
denomination in his community. As a 
man of affairs in business, political and 
religious walks, his influence in public 
life has been of the highest and best : and 
in professional matters he stands in the 
first rank while iit social life the family 
is one of the leading ones in the county. 

HARPER, Edwin F. G. 

There are few names better known in 
Butler county than that of Harper, nor 
one more worthily borne. Transplanted 
in 1891 to New Castle, Lawrence coun- 
ty, by a scion of the Butler county stock, 
it has there become well known and re- 
spected in the person of Edwin E. G. 
Harper, a practicing lawyer of the Law- 
rence county bar. He is a son of Cyrus 
and Elizabeth (Dalzell) Harper, the' lat- 
ter deceased since March 9, 1879. 

Cyrus Harper has been for many years 
prominently identified with the agricul- 
tural interests of Butler county as a 
practical farmer; with the political ac- 
tivity of the county, serving from 1896 


to 1899 as county treasurer and in many 
county and township offices of lesser im- 
portance, always a Republican, active, 
loyal and steadfast; with the religious 
life of his community in both the Meth- 
odist Episcopal and United Presby- 
terian churches, all his adult life, now an 
elder of the latter church, and with every 
good cause in his neighborhood. He 
also has a record of service in the Civil 
War as an enlisted soldier, righting with 
the Army of the Potomac in many of the 
historic battles of the war between the 
States. He is now living a retired life 
at Zelienople, Butler county, rounding 
out a long career of usefulness. 

Edwin F. G. Harper was born in 
Zelienople, Pennsylvania, May 27, 1869. 
He grew to youthful manhood on the 
home farm, his father's assistant, and 
attending the public schools. After he 
had finished the courses there possible, 
he entered the high school at New Cas- 
tle, Pennsylvania, whence he was grad- 
uated, class of 1891. He decided upon 
the profession of law, and began study 
under the preceptorship of Oscar L. 
Jackson, a leading lawyer of New Castle. 
He continued his study with Mr. Jackson 
until 1897, when he was admitted to the 
Lawrence county bar. He at once be- 
gan practice in New Castle, which has 
been practically his home since 1890. He 
has been admitted to practice in all State 
and Federal courts of the district, and 
has a well established important legal 
practice in all. His practice is general 
in character, and is with the best class 
of clients. He is learned in the law, and 
his years of practice have given him 
valuable experience in legal procedure. 
He is a member of the Lawrence Coun- 
ty Bar Association and is highly re- 
garded by his professional brethren. 

He is a prominent rhember of various 
fraternal orders of New Castle; is past 
master of Mahoning Lodge No. 423, 
Free and Accepted Masons, member of 

New Castle Chapter, Royal Arch Ma- 
sons; eminent commander of Command- 
ery No. 62, Knights Templar; member 
of the Consistory, Ancient Accepted Scot- 
tish Rite ; past chancellor and command- 
er of New Castle Lodge No. 404, Knights 
of Pythias; member of Shenango Lodge 
No. 180, Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows; member of the Junior Order of 
American Mechanics and of the Sons of 
Veterans. He has always been an active 
Republican, taking deep interest in pub- 
lic affairs, local, State and national. He 
has served for several years on the Board 
of Education, and for two years was 
secretary of the board. Both he and his 
wife are members of the Methodist Epis- 
copal church, Mr. Harper being a mem- 
ber of the official board, and both prom- 
inent in church and Sunday school work 
and in the social life of their community. 
Like his honored father Mr. Harper 
measures the full standard of intelligent 
citizenship, and is highly regarded for 
his well formed character and well bal- 
anced mental attainment. 

He married, July 6, 1904, Margaret M., 
daughter of Rev. James E. and Eleanor 
J. (White) Roberts, of New Castle; her 
father is a minister of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church. Child: Eleanor 

CRAIG, Rev. William R., 


One who adopts the holy calling of a 
Christian minister finds that the path of 
duty calls often far from settled associa- 
tions and makes life a succession of 
changes of residence. It was one of 
these changes that in 1910 brought Rev. 
Craig to the pastorate of the First Presby- 
terian Church of Butler, one of the oldest, 
largest and strongest congregations of 
that faith in Western Pennsylvania. 

William R. Craig was born at Clays- 
ville, Washington county, Pennsylvania, 



February 4, 1879, son OI Thomas B. and 
Rachel (Noble) Craig; the former died 
in May, 191 1; the latter is still surviving. 
Thomas B. Craig was for forty-five years 
a merchant of Claysville, a man of prom- 
inence and active in public affairs, serv- 
ing on the town council and the school 
board. For many years he was a trustee 
of the Presbyterian church, and, every- 
where known, was highly esteemed. 

William R. Craig was educated in the 
public school, spent his early life in 
Claysville, and during the sessions of the 
Fifty-third Congress was a page in the 
House of Representatives. Returning to 
Washington county, he entered the pre- 
paratory department of Washington and 
Jefferson College, and in 1898 matricu- 
lated at the same college. He pursued a 
full classical course of four years and was 
graduated A. B. in 1902; later Washing- 
ton and Jefferson College conferred upon 
him the degree of A. M. After leav- 
ing college he spent one year in busi- 
ness with his father at Claysville, but he 
had no liking for business life. In the 
fall of 1903 he entered the Western The- 
ological Seminary, Allegheny City, 
Pennsylvania, whence he was graduated 
in 1906. He was ordained a minister of 
the Presbyterian church, and at once en- 
tered upon ministerial work as pastor of 
the Hookstown and Mill Creek Presby- 
terian congregations in Beaver county, 
Pennsylvania. He remained in charge of 
these churches until 1910, when he ac- 
cepted a call from the First Presbyterian 
Church of Butler, and was installed pas- 
tor July 1, 1910. This is the oldest 
church in Butler, and one of the oldest 
in Western Pennsylvania. It was 
founded in 1813, and is a large and in- 
fluential church. Under the care of Rev. 
Craig the church is continuing its ma- 
terial and spiritual prosperity. He is a 
pleasing orator, and devoted to his holy 
calling. He is broad-minded, and exerts 
a wholesome influence outside his own 

parishioners. He is an Independent in 
politics with Prohibition proclivities, and 
a believer in the doctrine of legal pro- 
hibition of the liquor traffic. He is 
thoroughly alive to his responsibility as 
a citizen, and is well informed on all 
public questions. He belongs to lodge, 
chapter and commandery of the Masonic 
order, the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, and the Knights of Pythias. 

He married, June 18, 1908, Helen 
Hanna Weir, daughter of Adam and 
Ella (Hanna) Weir, her father a promi- 
nent stock dealer and farmer of south- 
ern Washington county, Pennsylvania. 
Children of Rev. William R. and Helen 
Craig: William W., Thomas Alexander, 
and Adam Weir. 

SCOTT, Robert P., 

Scott is an honored name in all Eng- 
lish speaking countries, and was brought 
to Butler county at an early day. Rob- 
ert P. Scott was born in Fairview, But- 
ler county, Pennsylvania, July II, 1842, 
son of John and Matilda (Kelly) Scott, 
the former also a native of Butler coun- 
ty, the latter of Fayette county, Penn- 
sylvania. John Scott was a successful 
merchant, an oil operator, and served a 
term as sheriff of Butler county, elected 
on the Republican ticket. He was a 
member of the United Presbyterian 
church until his death in 1885. His 
widow yet survives, aged ninety-two 
years, a wonder of vigor and mental 

Robert P. Scott grew to youthful man- 
hood in Butler county, moving to the 
borough of Butler at the age of sixteen 
years, during his father's term as sheriff 
of the county. He was educated in the 
county and borough, and later studied 
under private instruction until entering 
Witherspoon Institute, in Butler. When 
war between the States could no longer 



be avoided, he enlisted, in September, 
1861, in Company H, 78th Regiment 
Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, serving 
with the Army of the Cumberland in 
many of its severest battles. He was 
honorably discharged and mustered out 
August 27, 1865. After the war he again 
attended Witherspoon Institute, finishing 
the course interrupted by his military 
service. For a time he followed railroad 
and steamboat employment, later taking 
up the study of law. He passed the re- 
quired examinations, and in 1870 was ad- 
mitted to the Butler county bar. He be- 
gan practice in Butler at once, and so 
continues most successfully. He has 
been admited to all State and Federal 
courta of the district, and has business 
with them all. In 1870, early in his pro- 
fessional career, he became attorney for 
the Pennsylvania railroad at Butler, 
continuing until 1881, when he became 
attorney for the Baltimore & Ohio allied 
interests, which he still continues to 
safeguard. He tills many appointments 
as special counsel, but beyond these his 
practice is general in character. He is 
a member of the Pennsylvania State and 
Butler County Bar Associations, and is 
held in highest regard as a learned 
lawyer and skilful practitioner. 

He has man}- outside interests, being 
connected with various commercial and 
banking institutions as a stockholder. 
He entertains the liveliest interest in his 
old comrades in arms; is past commander 
of A G. Reed Post No. 105, and past 
commander of the Department of Penn- 
sylvania. Grand Army of the Republic; 
also a member of the Union Veteran 
Legion, and of the Masonic order. He 
is a Republican in politics, and thorough- 
ly informed on all public questions, but 
beyond serving on the county committee 
and sitting as a delegate in county, State 
and National conventions of his party, 
has accepted no public position. He and 
his family are members of the First 

Presbyterian Church of Butler, active in 
church and Sunday school work. 

Mr. Scott married, September 25, 1877, 
Georgia, daughter of George H. and 
Lois A. Hoskins of New York State. 
Their two sons are: George H., a grad- 
uate of the University of Pennsylvania, 
now captain in the Medical Corps, 
United States Army; and Robert P., 
living at home. 

WALLACE, Robert A., 

Physician and Surgeon. 

One must go far into the past to reach 
a period when the name Wallace was not 
engraved high upon the roll of fame. 
Warriors of great renown, scientists of 
world-wide reputation, professional and 
business men of the highest standing 
have borne the name in every age and 

Dr. Robert A. Wallace, of New Castle, 
Pennsylvania, descends from the Scotch 
family, later seated in Ireland, from 
wdience, prior to the Revolution, came 
James, John, Robert and Samuel Wall- 
ace, sons of Robert and Mary (Knox) 
Wallace, of county Antrim. Robert 
Knox and father died in county Antrim, 
but his widow came to America with her 
four sons. The sons, with ready sym- 
pathy for the cause of liberty, took sides 
with the colonies, and rendered efficient 
service in the Revolutionary army. 

Dr. Wallace, subject of this record, 
descends through Robert (2) Wallace, 
who settled in Western Pennsylvania. 
The family were hardy pioneers, of great 
activity and worth, standing even in that 
early day as they have always stood, for 
those principles of morality and justice 
tending to the community good. Dr. 
James J. Wallace, father of Dr. Robert 
A. Wallace, was a leading physician of 
New Castle for over forty years, his 
brother, Dr. John W. Wallace, being a 
contemporary for a great many of these 




years, and was congressman from the 
New Castle district. Another brother, 
Ur. Richard Wallace, practiced there un- 
til his death. Dr. James Wallace, son of 
Dr. James J. Wallace, also practiced 
there until his death. These, with Dr. 
Robert A. Wallace, make five of the 
Wallace name who were practicing med- 
icine in New Castle at the same time and 
for several years, until death removed 
them one by one, Dr. Robert A. Wall- 
ace being the last survivor. They were 
all eminent physicians, and practiced in 
the greatest harmony. 

Dr. Robert A. Wallace, son of Dr. 
James J. and Agnes (Davis) Wallace, was 
born in New Castle, Pennsylvania, July 
29, 1855. He received a good classical 
education in the schools of New Castle, 
and when the choice of a profession be- 
came necessary, he was naturally at- 
tracted to medicine, in which profession 
his father and uncles were then promi- 
nent. He studied with his father, and 
then entered Miami Medical College, at 
Cincinnati, Ohio, whence he was grad- 
uated M. D., class of 1877, and began to 
practice in New Castle in association 
with his father. Later he took post- 
graduate courses in New York and Phil- 
adelphia. The partnership with the 
father continued until the death of the 
latter when the full burden fell upon the 
young physician. He has continued 
alone since that time, and in the city of 
his birth, and has earned an enviable 
reputation as an honorable, skilful phy- 
sician and surgeon. 

His life has been a useful one, and 
now, in the full zenith of success, he is 
the same studious investigating searcher 
after fresh medical or surgical discovery 
as when a tyro in the healing art. He is 
a member of the American Medical, the 
Pennsylvania State Medical and the 
Lawrence County Medical Societies, 
holding high professional standing 

among his brethren, having been chosen 
by them as president of the latter society. 
He is a member of the staff' of Shenango 
Hospital, having served in that capacity 
since the organization of the hospital in 

When the United States Board of 
Pension Examiners was first appointed, 
after the Civil War, Dr. Richard Wallace- 
was appointed examiner at New Castle, 
serving until his death in 1905, when his 
nephew, Dr. Robert A. Wallace, was ap- 
pointed to succeed him, making now a 
half century of Wallace service on the 
United States Board of Pension Ex- 

Dr. Wallace has large real estate in- 
terests in New Castle, and is a director 
of the National Bank of New Castle and 
of the New Castle Portland Cement 
Company. He has been an active mem- 
ber of the Masonic order for many years, 
receiving high honors from his Masonic 
brethren in recognition of his service. 
He is past master of his lodge, Free and 
Accepted Masons; past high priest of 
the Royal Arch Chapter and past emi- 
nent commander of the Commandery, 
Knights Templar. He is a member and 
liberal supporter of the Episcopal church 
of New Castle, and in political faith a 
lifelong Republican, never, however, 
having accepted public office, although 
deeply interested and fully alive to his 
duty as a good citizen. 

He married, November 25, 1889, Caro- 
line Cunningham, daughter of R. W. and 
Caroline (Woodward) Cunningham, of 
New Castle, he of Irish birth and an- 
cestry, she in New England tracing de- 
scent to "Mayflower" forebears. Chil- 
dren of Dr. Robert A. Wallace: Robert 
C, now a senior at Princeton Univers- 
ity; Lillian, a senior at the Emma Will- 
ard school, Troy, New York; Marion, a 
student at the same institution; Rich- 
ard H. 


McILVAINE, John Addison, 

Lawyer, Jurist. 

The Hon. John Addison Mcllvaine, 
President Judge of the Twenty-seventh 
Judicial District of Pennsylvania, was 
born in Somerset township, Washington 
county, Pennsylvania, April 13, 1843. 
His parents, William and Matilda (Mc- 
llvaine) Mcllvaine, were of Scotch 
descent, both born in Washington coun- 
ty ; they were second cousins. His 
grandfather, Greer Mcllvaine, came from 
the Cumberland Valley into Washington 
county in 1785, and settled in Somerset 
township. Both his grandfather and his 
father were excellent citizens, farmers 
and Presbyterians. William Mcllvaine 
died in March, 1889, his widow in Feb- 
ruary, 1898. 

Judge Mcllvaine was brought up on a 
farm, and attended the country district 
school. In September, i860, he entered 
the junior preparatory department of 
Jefferson College, and by natural ability 
and hard study he was able to enter the 
freshman class in the fall of the next 
year, having done two years' work in 
one. Thus he graduated in 1865, in the 
last class prior to the union of the col- 
lege with Washington College; Jefferson 
College was at Canonsburg, but Wash- 
ington and Jefferson College is now at 
Washington. In a class of thirty-six 
members he took second honors, and 
therefore delivered the Latin salutatory 
on graduation day. 

Immediately after graduation he en- 
tered on the study of law, as a student 
in the office of Boyd Crumrine, at Wash- 
ington and was admitted to the bar in 
August, 1867. For two years he was 
clerk in the office of the county treasurer, 
and then went to Kansas and settled at 
Wichita. For one year during his resi- 
dence in Kansas he was clerk of the dis- 
trict court, but called back to Pennsyl- 
vania by the illness of his father, in July, 

1872, he soon opened a law office at 
"Washington. In 1874 he was elected dis- 
trict attorney of Washington county ; 
and at the expiration of his three years' 
term, was re-elected. Mr. Mcllvaine was 
already prominent in politics, and the 
following testimony from a paper of the 
opposing party, at the time of his re- 
tirement from office, may be quoted as 
expressing the sentiment of the press and 
as showing in what manner he was 
judged to have performed the duties of 
his office. 

"Mr. Mcllvaine has been the chosen officer 
to represent the people in all criminal prose- 
cutions in this county for the past six years, 
and we but echo the sentiment of all conver- 
sant with the facts when we say that he has 
discharged the trust with great ability and 
fairness. He is a hard worker, and always 
had a knowledge of the facts, and was fully 
prepared to present them in a methodical and 
convincing way. Although a vigorous prose- 
cutor, he was fair; and no defendant had just 
cause to complain of any undue advantage 
having been taken of him." 

While he was district attorney he 
formed a partnership with M. L. A. Mc- 
Cracken ; the legal business of the firm 
became large and profitable, and the part- 
nership was continued until 1886. 

On November 4, 1886, Mr. Mcllvaine 
was elected President Judge of the 
Twenty-Seventh Judicial District, for a 
term of ten years, and has been twice re- 
elected to this office, so that he has now 
served continuously for a quarter of a 
century, and his present term will not 
expire until 1917. The development of 
the production of oil and gas in Wash- 
ington county has caused a large increase 
in both amount and variety of work to 
be transacted in this office, but the busi- 
ness has been promptly transacted, and 
in such a manner as to be satisfactory to 
lawyers and clients alike. Few of Judge 
Mcllvaine's rulings have been reversed 
on appeal. 

He has always been a Republican, and 



in 1872 and 1873 was secretary of the Re- 
publican County Vigilance Committee. 
For two years he was adjutant of the 
Tenth Regiment, National Guard of 
Pennsylvania, and he is also a master 

As may be judged from the responsi- 
ble positions in which he has been 
trusted by his fellow citizens and their 
evident approval of his official course, he 
is a man of high standing; and this is 
true not only in his immediate commun- 
ity, but throughout the State. He is a 
man of high and religious character, and 
all movements which he deems suited to 
promote the best interests of the people 
have his approval and interest. Greatly 
interested in educational matters, he is 
president of the board of trustees of 
Washington and Jefferson College, a 
member of the board of Washington 
Seminary, and also of the Pennsylvania 
Training School at Morganza. In the 
Presbyterian church he has been an 
elder in the Second Church, and has been 
a delegate to the Presbyterian General 
Assembly, from the Washington Presby- 
tery. He is a man free from ostentation, 
genial and kind, always ready to help by 
word or act. 

Judge Mcllvaine married, December 
17, 1874, Ada C, daughter of James G. 
and Margaret (Gaston) Shaw, of Phila- 

McDONOUGH, Dr. Oscar Tracy, 

Physician, Surgeon. 

Probably no name in Washington 
county is better known than that of Mc- 
Donough. For many years Dr. James 
McClelland McDonough was a leading 
physician of the county, and, when he 
laid down the burden, his mantle in later 
years fell upon his son, Dr. Oscar Tracy 
McDonough. No man gets so near the 
hearts of his people as the old school 

family doctor, and particularly is this 
true in rural communities. 

Dr. James McClelland McDonough 
was born in Washington count}', and 
served as a surgeon in the Civil War, 
entering the army fresh from Jefferson 
College, Philadelphia, his alma meter. 
After the war he settled on the old farm 
in Washington county, where through 
summer's heat and winter's cold he prac- 
ticed his healing art, answering every 
call made upon him, day or night, until 
his death in June, 1874. He was a faith- 
ful, skilful doctor, a good citizen, an 
earnest Christian, and greatly beloved. 
His wife, Elizabeth Denman, survives 
him. Both were active Baptists; the 
doctor was a Republican, and very ac- 
tive in public affairs. 

Dr. Oscar Tracy McDonough, son of 
Dr. James McClelland and Elizabeth 
(Denman) McDonough, was born in 
Hillsborough (now Scenery Hill), Wash- 
ington county, Pennsylvania, February 
26, 1870. He attended the public 
schools, finishing his preparatory educa- 
tion at the State Normal School at Cali- 
fornia, his parents having moved there 
when he was two years of age. He 
then entered the University of Pitts- 
burgh, department of pharmacy, whence 
he was graduated, class of 1892. He en- 
gaged in the drug business in Charleroi, 
Pennsylvania, for nine years, when he 
entered the College of Physicians and 
Surgeons at Baltimore, whence he was 
graduated M.D., class of 1904. He be- 
gan the practice of his profession at 
Broad Ford, Fayette county, Pennsyl- 
vania, remaining there three years. He 
then practiced for two years at Clay- 
ville, Washington county, and in 1908 
located in Washington, Pennsylvania, 
where he is now well established in gen- 
McDonough. No man get so near the 
member of the medical staff of the Wash- 
ington County Hospital and of Washing- 
ton City Hospital, where his peculiar 




fitness for the profession has been fully 
demonstrated. lie belongs to the Amer- 
ican Medical, Pennsylvania Medical and 
Washington County medical societies, 
keeping in close touch with modern med- 
ical and surgical discovery. He is a 
member of the Masonic order, the Ben- 
evolent and Protective Order of Elks, and 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, giv- 
ing only to those orders such time and 
attention as can be spared from his pro- 
fessional and other engagements. He is 
a Republican in politics, interested and 
well informed, but never seeking public 
office. He is a member of the First 
Christian Church, his wife also being a 

He married. May 2, 1908, Stella, 
daughter of J. D. and Margaret (Lind- 
ley) McDonough. Child: Oscar Tracy. 

HOLLAR, William H., 

The history of the development of 
bank vault construction in this country 
forms a very interesting chapter in the 
marvellous progress that has been made 
along various lines where inventive 
genius has largely entered in. When we 
consider that less than a century ago the 
type of safe that was used by many of 
our banking institutions was only a me- 
tallic chest or "strong box," secured by 
means of an ordinary lock, it is almost 
bewildering, to one not familiar with 
these things, to visit the modern safe 
deposit vault and note the intricacy of 
the mechanism and the completeness of 
detail that obtain in present day meth- 
ods for the safeguarding of the public's 

It is interesting, therefore, to know 
something of the men who have played 
an important part in this wonderful de- 
velopment of vault construction and 
there is no one man who stands out so 
prominently in this respect as Mr. 

William H. Hollar, president of The 
Hollar Company. For years this firm 
has led in this line of work. They are 
"Engineers, Designers and Superintend- 
ents of bank vault construction, inspec- 
tors and guarantors, under annual con- 
tract, of time and combination locks and 
all other vault and safe deposit mechan- 
ism," and since they were established, 
over a quarter of a century ago, have 
installed work in many of the oldest and 
most important financial institutions in 
the United States. 

Aside from being its president, Mr. 
Hollar has been the master mind of this 
organization from the beginning, and the 
Company has also had the advantage of 
the use of his numerous patents, which 
embrace most of the valuable features 
essential in vault protection These in- 
clude the patents on the round door vault 
of Harveyized nickel steel armor plate, 
this being the first commercial use of this 
plate other than that for battleship pur- 
poses; also the patents on the electric 
winding timelock, this lock ranking so 
high that it is in a class by itself. 

Mr. Hollar is a native of Ohio, born 
in Glasgow, Columbiana county, June 1, 
1851, son of William J. Hollar, of Hol- 
land parentage, and Louise Caroline Ma- 
lone, who came from the sturdy stock of 
the Scotch-Irish. He came honestly by 
his inventive turn of mind, for his father 
was a millwright and at the early age of 
eight years the boy was found tinkering 
around his father's shop and there dis- 
played a hidden genius which in the man 
was destined to make him the leader in 
his chosen field of activity. His oppor- 
tunities for schooling were limited and 
even these were cut short by the un- 
timely death of his father, and the boy 
found himself at the age of thirteen and 
one-half years the main support of his 
mother, two brothers and a sister. This 
is what Mr. Hollar called his "good for- 
tune," for he believes this struggle in his 


early years contributed more than any- 
thing else to his high attainments in his 
chosen field of endeavor in after life. 

At the age of thirteen and a half he 
found employment in machine and other 
iron working shops, where his taste for 
mechanics was developed, and at the 
same time he was enabled to earn the 
substantial portion of the means neces- 
sary to support his father's family. In 
the panic year of 1873 he took a position 
as traveling salesman for the Hall Safe 
& Lock Co., which position he held for 
many years. After this experience, he 
organized, in 18S1, Hollar's Safe & Lock 
Co., at York, Pennsylvania, for the pur- 
pose of manufacturing vaults, safes and 
locks, and, after placing this company in 
a satisfactory condition, he sold his inter- 
est to the company afterwards known as 
the York Safe & Lock Co., and organized 
The Hollar Company, Engineers, De- 
signers and Superintendents of bank 
vault construction, associating with 
him, in this enterprise, Messrs. R. R. 
Comegys, president of the Philadelphia 
National Rank, John J. Knox, president 
of the Rank of the Republic, New York, 
and Robert E. Pattison, Governor of 
Pennsylvania, etc. These gentlemen, un- 
fortunately, have all passed away, others 
taking their places and thus continuing 
the business for some twenty-six years. 
Mr. Hollar has managed the affairs of 
this company with great success. As a 
vault designer, he has the highest repu- 
tation. He is looked upon as an expert 
in such matters, and' in the formative 
days of the Company's business fre- 
quently did some of the more delicat* 
and accurate work with his own hands, 
until such time as he could train men to 
meet his high views as to how first-class 
work should be done. Mr. Hollar de- 
votes his time largely to designing new 
forms of vault and lock protection, and 
in directing his assistants how best to 
carry out his ideas. 

He is a man of enormous energy, con- 
scientious, most painstaking in his atten- 
tion to details and indefatigable in the 
pursuit of what he wishes to accomplish. 
Withal he is a man of marked individual- 
ity with a sense of integrity that nothing 
can swerve. Although his life is crowded 
with activity, Mr. Hollar has found time 
to share in the burden of civic responsi- 
bility and has been named as one of the 
Committee of One Hundred, and of the 
Committee of Seventy, and is a vestry- 
man of St. Stephen's Protestant Epis- 
copal Church. 

Mr. Hollar was married October 9, 
1875, to Miss Laura L. Rankin, of Mar- 
tinsburg, West Virginia. She was a 
descendant of John Hart, one of the 
signers of the Declaration of Independ- 
ence. Ry this marriage there were three 
children: William H. Hollar Jr., Mary 
Rankin Hollar and Richard J. Hollar. 
His first wife died in 1883. Then in 
1887 Mr. Hollar married Miss Laura A. 
Traver, of Rhinebeck, New York. 

KNOX, Philander C, 

Lawyer, Public Official. 

Mr. Knox was born in Rrownsville, 
Pennsylvania, May 4, 1853. He had for 
a classmate at Union College, William 
McKinley, on whose advice Mr. Knox 
became a lawyer, and subsequently At- 
torney-General in President McKinley's 

KNOX, Robert Welch, 


Robert Welch Knox is a native of Ruf- 
falo township, Washington county, hav- 
ing been born on the farm where his 
father had been born and still lives, Jan- 
uary 31, 1869. His father, William Knox, 
has all his life been a farmer, and is a 
man who has always been actively inter- 
ested in public affairs. He is a Democrat, 


and has served for many years as a mem- 
ber of the local school board. In church 
belief he is a United Presbyterian. His 
wife, Mina (Meloy) Knox, died in Octo- 
ber, 1876, when Robert Welch Knox was 
only about seven years old. 

Robert Welch Knox was brought up 
on the home farm, and attended the coun- 
try district school. Being desirous of 
higher education, he continued his studies 
at Washington and Jefferson College, and 
here he graduated with the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts in 1893. Immediately 
he entered the Law Department of the 
University of Buffalo, at Buffalo, New 
York, and from this institution he re- 
ceived the degree of Bachelor of Laws in 
1895, and was admitted to practice in the 
State of New- York. He then entered the 
law office of M. L. A. McCracken, at 
Washington, as a law student, and 
studied with him for one year more. In 
October, 1896, he was admitted to the 
bar of Washington county. He then 
opened his office at Washington, and 
from that time has been active in the 
practice of law. In the Washington 
County Bar Association he holds mem- 
bership, and he was in 1910 and in 191 1 
its president. Mr. Knox also has business 
interests in real estate holdings, and is a 
director in the Washington Trust Com- 
pany. He is also active in political af- 
fairs, as an upholder of the principles of 
the Democratic party. From 1902 to 
1905 he was county chairman for his 
party, and in 1908 a delegate to the Dem- 
ocratic National Convention. He has fre- 
quently been a delegate in State conven- 
tions, and is now chairman of the Demo- 
cratic Committee of the Twenty-Fourth 
Congressional District and a member of 
the State Campaign Committee. Being 
interested also in social life, Mr. Knox is 
a member of the Bassett Men's Social 
Club. Washington was formerly called 
Bassett Town, and from this original 
name the club derives its designation. 

He married, June 30, 1904, Sarah A., 
daughter of George W. and Elizabeth J. 
(Scott) Chaney, of Washington. They 
make their home at No. 205 Allison 
avenue, and have one daughter, Ruth 
Elizabeth. Both Mr. and Mrs. Knox are 
members of the Second United Presby- 
terian church. 

NEUMAN, Henry L., 

Soldier, Business Man. 

The great struggle of the Civil War ac- 
counts for the presence in the various oc- 
cupations of civil life of many veteran 
warriors, and Pennsylvania has no finer 
specimen of the type of soldier-business 
man than is presented by Henry L. Neu- 
man, of York, who in his early manhood 
was one of the bravest young soldiers in 
the Union army, and is now one of the 
most solid and progressive business men 
of his home city. 

Jacob Neuman, father of Henry L. 
Neuman, was a son of Andrew Neuman, 
one of the early settlers of Conewago 
township, and, as his name denotes, of 
German ancestry. Jacob Neuman was a 
highly prosperous farmer of Conewago 
township, and a man respected by the en- 
tire community. He married Elizabeth, 
like himself a native of York county, 
daughter of William Lenhart, who for 
many years resided near Dover. 

Henry L. Neuman, son of Jacob and 
Elizabeth (Lenhart) Neuman, was born 
December 9, 1839, in Conewago township, 
and passed his boyhood on his father's 
farm, attending the district school dur- 
ing the winter mouths. Later he studied 
at the Dover public schools and for a 
short time was a pupil at a select school. 
Thus it might seem that he enjoyed but 
meagre educational facilities, but he de- 
veloped in boyhood the characteristic 
which has ever constituted one of the 
most salient features of his mental or- 
ganization — that of making the most of 


opportunities. He probably learned more, 
restricted as he was, than many another 
would have done with the most liberal 

In 1855 Mr. Neuman came to York 
and began his business career as a clerk 
in the dry goods store of Peter Wiest, 
remaining about six years. At the end 
of that time the outbreak of the Civil 
War revolutionized our national life, and 
Mr. Neuman, like so many other young 
men of that tremendous period, hastened 
to respond to the call to arms. He en- 
listed in Company A, 87th Regiment 
Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, Colonel 
George Hay, and his regiment was 
promptly ordered to the front in Vir- 
ginia, where he participated in a number 
of engagements, in all of which he proved 
himself, by his coolness under fire and 
other soldierly qualities, to be of the 
flower of the volunteer army. In the 
battle fought near Petersburg, on the 
Weldon railroad, June 23, 1864, Mr. Neu- 
man received a severe gunshot wound, 
the ball passing through his left thigh. 
He was sent to the hospital at City Point, 
partially recovered, and in September, 
1864, was honorably discharged at the 
expiration of his term of enlistment. But 
for this enforced termination of his mili- 
tary career there is little doubt that he 
would have received merited promotion. 

On his return to York, this brave 
young soldier took up the work of civil 
life, entering into partnership with Peter 
C. Wiest in the grocery and confection- 
ery business. His tireless industry, ap- 
titude for detail, and farsighted sagacity, 
were soon manifest in the increased trade 
and general prosperity of the concern, 
and in 1S79 Mr. Neuman found himself 
in circumstances which justified him in 
dissolving the partnership and engaging 
in business on his own account. He ac- 
cordingly established himself as a manu- 
facturer of ice cream, and achieved, as 
a man of his type was certain to do, a 

most signal success. His concern is the 
largest of its kind in York, having a 
sanitary plant of the most complete and 
modern equipment, conforming in every 
particular to the requirements of the 
pure food movement. In connection with 
this business he began to handle ice, 
selling largely both at wholesale and re- 
tail, and giving employment to eighteen 
or twenty men. The whole establish- 
ment proclaims its founder and head to 
be what he is — a progressive, wide- 
awake business man, and withal one hav- 
ing at heart the welfare of his employees, 
treating them always justly and kindly, 
and receiving in return their best service 
and hearty co-operation. While assidu- 
ous in business affairs, Mr. Neuman is 
moved by a generous interest in his fel- 
low-citizens and in all concerns relating 
to municipal reform and improvement. 
Taking no active part in public matters, 
he is nevertheless a quiet but potent fac- 
tor in many political and social move- 
ments. Widely but unostentatiously 
charitable, never has he neglected, in 
passing on to a position of wealth and 
influence, to assist those less fortunate 
than himself. In appearance he is the 
ideal veteran soldier — of imposing pres- 
ence, his white hair, beard and mous- 
tache in striking contrast with his alert, 
military bearing and piercing eye, his 
strong features softened by an expres- 
sion of the utmost kindliness and his air 
of command tempered by the most win- 
ning courtesy and affability. Mr. Neu- 
man is a member of Sedgwick Post, No. 
37, Grand Army of the Republic, and of 
the Union Veteran Legion, No. 65, in 
which, since its organization in 189x1, he 
has held the office of quartermaster. He 
and his family are members of the Re- 
formed church. 

Mr. Neuman married, October 15, 
1867, Amanda, daughter of John Wan- 
baugh, and the following children have 
been born to them : Edward W., James 


W. ; Margie, wife of Huston E. Landis; 
Daisy, wife of Charles V. Boring, of 
Pittsburgh; and Mary. Mrs. Neuman is 
a woman of attractive personality, to her 
husband a true helpmate and sympathe- 
tic counsellor, and withal a most tactful 
and popular hostess. The home over 
which she presides is a centre of genial 
hospitality, Mr. Neuman being devoted 
to his family and friends, and holding no 
place so dear as his own hearthstone. 

Both on the field of battle ami in the 
arena of business, Mr. Neuman has ren- 
dered notable service to his day and gen- 
eration, to his country, to the Old Key- 
stone State, and to the city of York, and 
has been awarded the tribute of merited 
praise and the undisputed palm of vic- 
tor)-. His record, both in peace and war, 
proves that the qualities essential to the 
true soldier and the typical business 
man are the same — dauntless courage, 
high-souled honor and unfaltering devo- 
tion to duty. 

PRUGH, Edwin N., 

Musician, Manufacturer. 

Among the progressive business men 
of the Iron City who are daily advanc- 
ing the material prosperity of the com- 
munity is Edwin N. Prugh, vice-presi- 
dent of the firm of Conroy-Prugh Com- 
pany. While Pittsburgh trade annals 
contain records of many men who have 
been the architects of their own fortunes, 
there has been no record more creditable 
by reason of undaunted energy, well- 
formulated plans and straightforward 
dealings than that of Mr. Prugh. 

The Prugh family were early settlers 
in the States of Pennsylvania and Mary- 
land. The great-grandparents, the pro- 
genitors of the family in this country, 
were natives of Prussia, Europe. They 
emigrated to America between the years 
1720 and 1725, landing at Philadelphia. 
Like most of the original emigrants at 

that period, they belonged to the more 
humble class in society, and came here 
when young and vigorous to better their 
condition in life. This is known from 
the fact that they "sold" themselves to 
the shipmaster to defray the expenses 
of their passage from the Old to the New 
World. Upon their arrival at Philadel- 
phia they were sold as mere servants to 
liquidate the expense attending their 
passage over the seas. The father then 
instituted arrangements by which he paid 
for his own freedom and also that of his 
sweetheart. They were united in mar- 
riage and settled at a place known then 
as Trappe, in Eastern Pennsylvania, and 
from this union has come the numerous 
Prugh family of America. Of their Eu- 
ropean ancestry but little is now known, 
as is the case of many of the earlier famil- 
ies who sought for themselves a home in 
the New World. It is related, however, 
that three brothers came over at the 
same time; one of them became dissatis- 
fied and returned to his native land ; the 
second brother remained, but was sep- 
arated from the progenitor of this branch 
of the family, and there seems to be no 
trace of him or of his descendants, if 
indeed he ever married and had children. 
Conrad Prugh, supposed to be the only 
child of the American emigrant ances- 
tors, was born in Trappe, Pennsylvania, 
November 29, 1742, and died December 
30, 1806. He married a lady who emi- 
grated from Germany — Lucie Marie 
Finkebeiner, born June 27, 1743, and 
died May 3, 1816, aged sixty-seven years 
five months three days. A few years 
after his marriage, Conrad Prugh re- 
moved to Frederick county, Maryland, 
where he purchased a tract of land of 
one hundred acres. He was by trade a 
shoemaker, and followed this and carried 
on his farm. To this couple were born 
sixteen children, including two twins 
who died in infancy. The remaining 
children by this marriage were as fol- 


lows : Frederick, Jacob, Henry, Kather- 
ine, Elizabeth, Hannah, George, Hester, 
Peter, Susan, Abner, Mary, John and So- 

John Prugh, son of above, was born 
November 25, 1795, in Frederick county, 
Maryland. On November 25, 1816, he 
married a Miss Haines, of his own coun- 
try. By this union were born ten chil- 
dren : Jesse, David H., John H., Peter, 
Henry, Nathan, Gideon, Jacob, Catherine 
and Thomas. About 1814 he moved to 
Montgomery county, Ohio, near Dayton, 
and took up a section of land upon which 
he developed a splendid farm, which is 
still in the family. He was a man of 
strong mental traits and an irreproach- 
able character, and stood high in the 
opinion of his neighbors. 

Rev. Peter C. Prugh, D. D., son of 
John Prugh, was born in Dayton, Ohio, 
September 13. 1822. He graduated at 
Mercersburg, Pennsylvania, Marshall 
College, and was pastor of the First Re- 
formed Church of Xenia, Ohio, for twen- 
ty-one years. He was instrumental in 
establishing the Sailors' and Orphans' 
Home at Xenia, which was finally taken 
over by the Grand Army of the Repub- 
lic, and subsequently made a State in- 
stitution. For twenty-one years he was 
superintendent of the St. Paul's Orphans' 
Home at Butler, Pennsylvania. Since 
1903 he has lived in retirement. He re- 
ceived the degree of Doctor of Divinity 
both from Franklin and Marshall Col- 
lege as well as from Heidelberg Univer- 
sity. He married Charlotte Hassler, 
daughter of Jacob and Elizabeth Hass- 
ler, of Mercersburg, Pennsylvania. 
Children: Edwin N\, see forward; Dan- 
iel Kieffer, deceased ; William S., of 
Pittsburgh; Rev. John H. Prugh, 
D. D., pastor of Grace Reformed Church, 
Pittsburgh, since 1880; Mary Augusta, 
wife of the Rev. Daniel N. Harnish ; and 
Miss Grace Prugh, both of Butler. 

Edwin N. Prugh, son of Rev. Dr. Peter 

C. and Charlotte (Hassler) Prugh, was 
born July 9, 1853, in Xenia, Ohio. He 
was educated in the public schools of 
Xenia, graduating from the high school 
with the class of 1872. He early dis- 
played a taste for music, and took a 
course in the Xenia Conservatory of 
Music, becoming proficient on the pipe- 
organ, and also as a singer. After leav- 
ing school he began his business career 
in Dayton, Ohio, and at the same time 
became organist in the First Presbyter- 
ian Church of that city. In 1881 he 
came to Pittsburgh and entered the serv- 
ice of the wholesale dry goods firm of 
Joseph Home & Company. In 1885 he 
formed a partnership with John M. Con- 
roy, under the firm name of Conroy & 
Prugh, for the manufacture of mirrors, 
window and plate glass, this being the 
first firm of the kind between Philadel- 
phia and Chicago. The firm was begun 
in a small way, with limited capital, on 
Pennsylvania avenue, Northside, Pitts- 
burgh, but the business ability and un- 
tiring energy of the partners caused the 
business to grow steadily. In 1887, Mr. 
Prugh's brother, Daniel Kieffer Prugh, of 
Xenia, Ohio, was admitted to partner- 
ship, the style of the firm being Conroy- 
Prugh Company. A plot of ground was 
purchased on Western avenue, upon 
which the first buildings of the firm 
were erected, additional ground being 
subsequently bought adjoining and 
across the street, upon which was reared 
another large building. The firm now 
does a large mirror business throughout 
the United States, and furnishes glass 
to a majority of the building contrac- 
tors of Pittsburgh. Mr. Prugh has the 
quickness of the progressive man, and 
is alive with the spirit of the times. The 
most remarkable personal traits of Mr. 
Prugh are his untiring power of appli- 
cation, clear intelligence, and ability to 
meet and solve quickly the business 
problems on the successful handling of 


which depends the success or failure of 
many business enterprises. He is a man 
of deep convictions. Energy and inten- 
sity are strongly depicted in his counte- 
nance, as are executiveness and will- 
power, concentration, fidelity and ten- 

While devoting much of his time to 
business, Mr. Prugh does not allow it to 
engross all his time, and is interested 
in many movements for civic betterment, 
as well as being active in social affairs. 
He has served for a number of years on 
the Bellevue School Board, and belongs 
to the Mozart Club of Pittsburgh, the 
Bellevue Club, and serves on the board 
of the Young Men's Christian Associa- 
tion. He is a member and an officer of 
Grace Reformed Church, Pittsburgh. 

Mr. Prugh married, June 23, 1892, 
Laura, daughter of Captain George H. 
and Loretta (Shillito) Ghriest, of North- 
side, Pittsburgh. Children of Mr. and 
Mrs. Prugh : Elizabeth, Margaret, Ed- 
win Nevin, Loretta, Helen and Francis. 
The Prughs have a handsome home on 
Sprague avenue, Bellevue, ami the entire 
family are socially popular. 

A man of action rather than words, 
of remarkable business talents anil un- 
tiring energy, Mr. Prugh demonstrates 
his public spirit by actual achievements 
that advance the prosperity and wealth 
of the community. Whatever is under- 
taken by him he gives to it his whole 
soul and lets none of the many interests 
intrusted to his care suffer for want of 
close and able attention and industry. 
Such men are indeed rare, and an honor 
to the community in which they reside. 

MOUL, Charles E., 

Manufacturer, Financier. 

Charles E. Moul, treasurer of the Han- 
over Wire Cloth Company, of Hanover, 
and one of the representative business 
men of York county, Pennsylvania, is a 

scion of one of those ancient German 
families whose enterprise and wisdom so 
greatly helped to lay the foundations of 
the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. 
The orthography of the name has with 
the lapse of years undergone a slight 
change, being spelled Maul on all deeds 
and records until some time after 1841, 
when it was altered to Moul by certain 
branches of the family. 

Bartholomew Maul, the first of the 
name in York county, came hither from 
Germany in 173.3, and took up a tract 
of land now covered by a portion of the 
city of York. He was one of the found- 
ers of Christ Lutheran Church, at York, 
and was one of the early county com- 
missioners. He died in 1755, bequeathing 
his property to his wife Elizabeth, his 
son George, and his two stepchildren, 
daughters of his wife by a former mar- 
Conrad Maul, nephew of Bartholomew 
Maul, and great-great-grandfather of 
Charles E. Moul, at the age of twenty- 
five sailed from the Lower Palatinate of 
Germany, in the ship "Hampshire," from 
Rotterdam, Thomas Cheeseman, captain, 
the date of sailing being September 7, 
1748. Conrad Maul, on arriving in 
Pennsylvania, settled in York county, as 
is shown by the record book of St. Mat- 
thew's Lutheran Church, wherein are 
inscribed the births of two of his chil- 
dren. A sheepskin deed now in the pos- 
session of one of his descendants was 
given to Conrad Maul by Thomas and 
Richard Perm, proprietors of Pennsyl- 
vania, in 1758, in the reign of George 
II., and is recorded in Philadelphia. 
Conrad Maul acquired considerable 
property in Heidelberg township, and 
during the Revolutionary W r ar gave 
proof of loyalty to his adopted country, 
serving in a militia company com- 
manded by Captain Andrew Foreman. 
In 1776 this company was called into 
active service, and was again required 



to take the held in the autumn of 1777, 
shortly before the taking of Philadelphia. 
In 1781 Conrad Maul was with his com- 
pany when it was placed on duty to 
guard about twelve hundred soldiers who 
were prisoners of war at a cantonment 
four miles southeast of York. At the close 
of the Revolution, according to a family 
tradition, Conrad Maul, with two of his 
neighbors, made a trip on horseback to 
the Blue Grass region of Kentucky, with 
the intention of purchasing lands and 
settling there, but after an absence of 
several mouths news was received that 
the three pioneers had died. Philip Maul, 
the eldest sun of Conrad, went with 
others to the region whither his father 
had gone, and found the horses and the 
graves of the three adventurers, but 
could not recover the money which they 
had taken with them. After his return 
home the Orphans' Court of York coun- 
ty, on December 4, 1783, granted a deed 
of the Conrad Maul property to Philip 
Maul. This deed is now in the posses- 
sion of a member of the family. Conrad 

Maul married Catharina , born in 

1729, in Germany, and they were the 
parents of the following children: Cath- 
arine, born February 16, 1750; Philip, 
mentioned below; Peter, and Conrad. 
The mother of these children died in 

(II) Philip, son of Conrad and Cath- 
arina Maul, was born September 8, 1752, 
in York county, and married Elizabeth 

, who was born in 1753. Their 

children were: Conrad, mentioned be- 
low; Henry; John, who removed to 
Ohio; and Elizabeth. Philip Maul died 
in 1841, surviving his wife, who passed 
away in 1836. 

(III) Conrad, son of Philip and Eliza- 
beth Maul, was born in 1777, and mar- 
ried (first) Elizabeth Hoshour, who was 
born in 1783, and by whom he had the 
following children: Solomon, John; 
Elizabeth, married George Baker; 

Nancy, married Henry Shireman ; and 
Lydia, became the wife of Solomon Dan- 
ner. Mrs. Maul died in 1808, and Mr. 
Maul married (second) Anna Mary 
Hare, becoming by this union the father 
of the following children: Conrad, 
mentioned below ; Charles, David, 
Josiah, Absalom, Jacob, Sarah, Lovina ; 
and Maria, who married Abraham 
Thoman. Conrad Maul, the father, died 
in 1851, and his widow survived him 
twenty years, her death occurring in 
1871, when she had reached the age of 
eighty years. 

Conrad, son of Conrad and Anna Mary 
(Hare) Maul, was born in 181 3, at Mouls- 
tovvn, York count}-, lie received his edu- 
cation in the subscription schools and in 
his youth learned the cooper's trade. In 
1842 he purchased a small property near 
Hanover and began the manufacture of 
water-tight barrels, but soon abandoned 
it and turned his attention to the manu- 
facture of grain drills, reapers and mow- 
ers. In 1851 he introduced the Hussey 
reaper into Pennsylvania, and for twen- 
ty years thereafter was prominently and 
actively engaged in the manufacture of 
reapers ami mowers, inventing and mak- 
ing many valuable improvements in this 
important class of machinery. In 1878 
he added a planing mill to the machine 
shop, and organized the firm of C. Moul 
& Company. Mr. Moul married Susan, 
born in 1817, near Mount Carmel 
Church, daughter of John and Nancy 
(Stauffer) Bollinger, the former born at 
Bollinger's Mill (now Dubb's Mill) 
Pleidelberg township, and the latter a 
native of Lancaster county. Mr. and 
Mrs. Moul were the parents of four chil- 
dren; Joseph B.; Charles E., mentioned 
below ; Sarah Jane : and Carrie, married 
Jacob Fitz, and died in 1884, leaving 
three sons — Ervin, Marcy and Earle. 
Mr. Moul died in 1893, leaving the rec- 
ord of an able and honorable business 
man and an upright citizen. In 1912 



Mrs. Moul was still living, having at- 
tained the age of ninety-six years. 

Charles E. Moul, son of Conrad and 
Susan (Bollinger) Moul, was born Jan- 
uary 25, 1858, in Hanover, where he re- 
ceived his early education in the public 
schools, later graduating from Dickinson 
Seminary, Williamsport, Pennsylvania, 
and then taking a course at Eastman's 
Business College, Poughkeepsie, New 
York. After his return to Hanover he 
entered the service of the Hanover Sav- 
ing Fund Society, for three years hold- 
ing the position of teller, and for twenty- 
six years serving on the board of direc- 
tors. He early showed himself to be a 
progressive, wide-awake business man, 
and was one of the projectors of the 
Hanover Match Company. In 1903 he 
was one of the organizers of the Han- 
over Wire Cloth Company, which under 
his capable management has become one 
of the leading industries of York county, 
its factory giving employment to more 
than one hundred hands. Mr. Moul was 
also one of the organizers of the Han- 
over Sewing Company, another impor- 
tant industry, employing about one hun- 
dred and twenty hands. He has been 
secretary of the firm of C. Moul & Com- 
pany since its organization. 

Mr. Moul married, in 1889, Clara E., 
daughter of P. H. Glatfelter, a prominent 
citizen and paper manufacturer of Spring 
Grove; Mr. Glatfelter is now deceased. 
Mr. and Mrs. Moul have been the par- 
ents of three children: Elizabeth G. ; 
Philip C, deceased; and Esther B. The 
home of the family is one of the most 
attractive residences in Hanover, refined, 
comfortable and tasteful in all its ap- 
pointments. Mr. Moul, who is fond of 
antiquities, takes pleasure in collecting 
eight-day grandfather clocks, those 
stately time-pieces that solemnly told of 
the flight of the hours in bygone days. 
He is a man of devoted family affections, 
and by his marriage gained the life com- 

panionship of a charming and congenial 
woman, one fitted by native refinement, 
a bright mind and thorough education 
for her position as one of the leaders of 
Hanover society, and withal a most ac- 
complished home-maker. Mr. and Mrs. 
Moul are active members of St. Mat- 
thew's Lutheran Church, being associ- 
ated with the various phases of its work 
and with numerous charitable enter- 

Mr. Moul is a descendant of ancestors 
who as brave soldiers and wise civilians 
rendered distinguished service to Penn- 
sylvania. In his own career as an en- 
terprising, farsighted business man, he 
has united the daring aggressiveness of 
the one with the penetrating sagacity of 
the other, under the control of that scru- 
pulous honor which has ever been the 
guiding principle of all who have borne 
the name of Moul. 

McCOLLUM, Joseph Brewster, 

Lawyer, Supreme Court Chief Justice. 

This gifted son of Pennsylvania, and 
late Chief Justice of the Supreme Court 
of his native State, was born on the pa- 
ternal farm in Bridge-water township, 
Susquehanna count)-, September 28, 
1832, and died October 3, 1903. Until 
he was seventeen years of age he re- 
mained his father's assistant on the farm, 
obtaining a good public school educa- 
tion, also acquiring a sturdy body and 
strong constitution. During this period 
one of his instructors was Justice Henry 
W. Williams, afterward his colleague on 
the supreme bench. From seventeen to 
twenty years of age he attended Har- 
ford Academy, an institution of high rank- 
in Susquehanna county and one from 
whose portals issued many young men 
who became prominent State notables, 
including Galusha A. Grow, a speaker 
of the National House of Representa- 
ives ; Henry W. Williams, a Justice of 




the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania; 
Charles A. Buckalew, a United States 
Senator ; and Cyrus C. Carpenter, a Gov- 
ernor of the State of Iowa. 

Finishing his course at Harford Acad- 
emy, Mr. McCollum having decided on 
the profession of law, entered the State 
and National Law School at Poughkeep- 
sie, New York, whence he was graduated 
LL. B. He then entered the law offices 
of Ralph B. Little, of Montrose, then one 
of the ablest and most successful law- 
yers of Northeastern Pennsylvania. At 
the August term in 1855 he was admitted 
to the bar of Susquehanna county, and 
at once accepted a position in the office 
of William B. Plate, a lawyer of Geneva, 
Illinois, wdiere he remained one year, 
then returning to Montrose, Pennsyl- 

In 1856, in association with A. J. Ger- 
ritson, he purchased the Montrose "Dem- 
ocrat" and assisted in the publication of 
that journal until January 1, 1858, when 
he sold his interest to his partner and 
returned to legal practice. He formed a 
law partnership with Nathan Newton, 
which existed two years, then until Au- 
gust, 1862, was associated with his 
brother-in-law, D. W. Searle, later 
President Judge of Susquehanna county. 
He then practiced alone one year until 
1867, when he formed a partnership with 
Albert Chamberlin, which continued un- 
til January 1, 1871. He then associated 
in practice with his brother, Alexander 
H. McCollum, also an eminent lawyer 
of the Susquehanna bar. The brothers 
continued together until 1878, when the 
partnership was dissolved by the election 
of Joseph Brewster McCollum to the 
President Judgeship of Susquehanna 
county. During his twenty years of 
practice in Montrose, his careful, con- 
scientious devotion to the interests of 
his clients, his eloquent and forceful 
presentation of his causes to both court 
and jury, his thorough mastery of the 

law, rapidly acquired for him a wide and 
lucrative practice and was a most fitting 
preparation for the higher positions 
which he was destined to fill. 

From 1878 to 1888, Judge McCollum 
held the high office of President Judge 
of Susquehanna county, demonstrating 
at every cause heard those qualities of 
mind and heart which are associated 
with the honored, trusted jurist. Affa- 
ble in manner, dignified but not austere, 
quick to perceive the salient points of a 
cause — these sterling qualities rested 
upon a foundation of sterling, unswerv- 
ing integrity, a love of truth, an abhor- 
rence of injustice and a nature in true 
sympathy with the common people of 
whom he was one. These constituted 
the elements which raised him to emin- 
ence as a judge and furnished the basis 
of the call from the people to "come up 

In 1888 he was elected Justice of the 
Supreme Court of Pennsylvania. The 
full significance of the election of Judge 
McCollum, first as President Judge, then 
as Supreme Court Justice, cannot be 
fully comprehended without a knowdedge 
of the fact that he was a life-long Demo- 
crat running for office in Republican 
strongholds — Susquehanna, a strongly 
Republican county normally, elected him 
President Judge by twelve hundred ma- 
jority, while Pennsylvania has always 
been against the Democracy, except up- 
on rare occasions when the Republican 
party was rent in twain by internal dis- 

As a member of the highest court in 
the State, Judge McCollum demonstrated 
anew that he knew the law, and, in his 
administration of it, knew neither fear 
nor favor. He won the approval of the 
bench and bar, and convinced the peo- 
ple who had elected him that they had 
made no mistake. His written opinions 
were models of justice, clearness and 
learning, are among the best handed 



down by any judge, and are notable also 
for their comprehensive grasp of the 
legal principles at issue and for their 
terseness of expression as well as the 
simple, direct style of composition. In 
August, 1900, owing to the death of 
Chief Justice Henry M. Green, Judge 
McCollum, owing to priority of office, 
became Chief Justice, holding this office, 
the highest judicial honor his State could 
bestow, until his death, three years later. 

In political life, he was always an ac- 
tive party man, and rendered the party 
of his choice valuable assistance. He 
served as chairman of the Democratic 
County Committee, and was candidate 
for many offices, accepting his defeats as 
a matter of course, his party being in 
a decided minority. His elevation to the 
bench of his native county was a just 
tribute to his legal ability and was to 
him doubly grateful, coming as it did 
from political enemies, who sank party 
to clear the way for the honest man and 
the upright judge. 

Judge McCollum married in Montrose, 
December 9, 1862, Mary J., daughter of 
Daniel Searle, then one of the most 
prominent of Susquehanna's public men. 
Children : Searle, born April 30, 1867, 
later a successful practicing lawyer of 
Montrose ; Charles W., killed in a rail- 
road accident, October 31, 1891. 

PETERMAN, John F., M. D., 

Prominent Homoeopathist. 

Dr. John F. Peterman, of Lebanon, 
Pennsylvania, a prominent practitioner 
of the Homoeopathic school, was born 
in Manchester, Carroll county, Maryland, 
February 12, 1861, son of Benjamin and 
Mary A. (Streavig) Peterman. The 
father was a farmer of Carroll county, 
Maryland, grandson of Peter and Bar- 
bara ( Rheinhardt) Peterman, and great- 
grandson of Daniel Peterman, who 
served as a lieutenant of militia in a 

company raised in York county, Penn- 
sylvania. He served throughout the 
Revolutionary war, and was with Gen- 
eral Washington at Valley Forge, un- 
dergoing the sufferings and privations of 
that memorable camp. 

Dr. Peterman was reared on the home 
farm, receiving his education in the pub- 
lic school and high school of Manches- 
ter. His first occupation was that of 
school teacher, in which capacity he 
served for six years, and with such suc- 
cess as to afford promise of great dis- 
tinction in the educational field had he 
continued in it. However, he had de- 
cided upon medicine as a profession, and 
entered the office of Dr. F. F. B. Weaver, 
a prominent and successful physician of 
that section of the State, studying under 
him and assisting him in his practice for 
two years. In 1884 he went to Phila- 
delphia and continued his medical train- 
ing in the Hahneman Medical College, 
graduating from that institution in 1886. 
He then removed to Lebanon, Pennsyl- 
vania, opened an office in that city, and 
began what has since developed into a 
large and remunerative practice. At 
first he had a considerable country prac- 
tice, which grew into a very extensive 
one, but of late years he has confined his 
work almost entirely to the precincts of 
Lebanon. He keeps in touch with his 
professional brethren by membership in 
the Goodnough Medical Society, and he 
is also connected with Mount Lebanon 
Lodge, No. 226, Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons, the Benevolent and Protective Or- 
der of Elks, and the Steitz Club, of Leb- 
anon. He is a member of the Reformed 
church, and in politics a Democrat. 

AIKEN, David, 


Public Official. 

The men who worked with hands and 
brain are the men who have made Pitts- 
burgh — "the workshop of the world" — 



what she is to-day, and of this powerful 
class of citizens was the late David Ai- 
ken, junior, of the well-known firm of 
Aiken & Company. Mr. Aiken was a 
descendant of ancestors who belonged to 
that versatile and progressive Irish race 
which has contributed so largely to the 
development of the most vital interests 
of the Iron City. 

George Aiken, grandfather of David 
Aiken, junior, was born in 1777, in 
county Antrim, Ireland, and in 1814 emi- 
grated to the United States, settling in 
Pittsburgh. He purchased a tract of land 
which was heavily timbered, and this he 
cleared, making many valuable improve- 
ments and converting it into a farm 
which he cultivated during the remain- 
der of his life. The site of this farm, 
which lay between Ellsworth avenue and 
the Roup property, is to-day one of the 
most fashionable thoroughfares of Great- 
er Pittsburgh. Mr. Aiken married, in 
Ireland, Sarah Thompson, and their chil- 
dren were: David; Mary Ann, born 
May 19, 1809; Nancy, August 31, 1811; 
Thomas, mentioned below; Castleman, 
born January 5, 1818; Sarah, May 11, 
1821 ; George, February 25, 1828; Rachel, 
May 15, 1830; and Margaret, June 21, 
1832. George Aiken, the father of this 
family, died December 8, 1845, surviv- 
ing his wife but one year, she having 
passed away December 6, 1844. 

Thomas Aiken, son of George and 
Sarah (Thompson) Aiken, was born 
December 21, 1814, in Pittsburgh, and 
received his education in the common 
schools of East Liberty. After leaving 
school he learned the carpenter's trade 
and in course of time became, by reason 
of superior mental endowments and busi- 
ness ability, an architect and builder, 
doing much contract work and furnish- 
ing plans and specifications to others. 
He erected many of the old-time man- 
sions in East Liberty, and in 1869 
founded the firm of Aiken & Company, 

thus entering into the slate roofing busi- 
ness. Mr. Aiken acquired a tract of land 
owned by his first wife, situated between 
what is now Amberson street and Aiken 
avenue, and between the Pennsylvania 
railroad and Fifth avenue. It was then 
covered with a thick forest which Mr. 
Aiken caused to be cleared, devoting the 
land to farming, and calling the place 
"Shady Side." When the Pennsylvania 
railroad was built, a station was placed 
in that neighborhood, and was called, in 
compliment to Mr. Aiken, Shady Side 
Station. Later, when that part of his 
farm was converted into town lots, the 
district became known as Shady Side, and 
Aiken's Lane, as it was originally called, 
is now Aiken avenue. In every move- 
ment for the betterment of the commu- 
nity Mr. Aiken was a leader. Fie was 
instrumental in establishing the East 
Liberty school, serving as one of its di- 
rectors. In 1867, in association with 
others, he founded the Shady Side Pres- 
byterian Church, and from that time to 
the close of his life was one of its elders, 
also serving for a number of years as 
superintendent of the Sunday school. 

Mr. Aiken married (first), his cousin, 
Rachel Castleman, daughter of David 
and Rachel (Castleman) Aiken. David 
Aiken emigrated to the United States a 
few years prior to the coming of his 
brother George, and purchased valuable 
land in Pittsburgh, situated between 
what is now Fifth avenue and the Penn- 
sylvania railroad, from Neville avenue 
to Aiken. Mr. and Mrs. Aiken were the 
parents of one son: David, mentioned 
below. Mr. Aiken married (second) Eliza 
Jane McKee, of Wilkinsburg, Penn- 
sylvania. The death of Mr. Aiken oc- 
curred June 5, 1873, and was widely and 
sincerely mourned as that of a man ad- 
mirable in all the relations of life. 

David Aiken, only child of Thomas 
and Rachel Castleman (Aiken) Aiken, 
was born October 15, 1833, in Pitts- 

@)^ut a L /^-A 



burgh, and received his education in the 
schools of his native city. In his early 
manhood he devoted some years to farm- 
ing, and in 1863-64 built the house on 
Amberson avenue which is now the resi- 
dence of his family. In 1869, in associa- 
tion with his father, he founded the firm 
of Aiken & Company, which was suc- 
cessful from its inception, having grown 
from exclusive slate roofing to the manu- 
facture of mantles, tiles, fireplaces, gas 
and electric fixtures, etc., and is now one 
of the largest plants of its kind in Penn- 
sylvania. Upon the death of his father, 
Mr. Aiken became head of the firm, 
much of its success having been from 
the beginning due to his capable man- 
agement, farsighted sagacity and aggres- 
sive yet wisely conservative methods. 
To his associates Mr. Aiken showed a 
genial, kindly, humorous side of his na- 
ture which made their business relations 
most enjoyable, treating his employees 
with the utmost kindness and considera- 
tion, and receiving from them in return 
loyal service and hearty co-operation. 

While never an office-seeker, Mr. 
Aiken was active in public affairs, and 
was more than once placed by his fel- 
low-citizens in positions of trust and re- 
sponsibility, the duties of which he dis- 
charged in a manner alike creditable to 
himself and satisfactory to his constitu- 
ents. For a long period he was a mem- 
ber of the select council, serving for sev- 
eral years as its president, and for eight 
years he served as treasurer of the coun- 
ty. He was a man of most benevolent 
disposition, and no good work done in 
the name of charity or religion appealed 
to him in vain. Associated with his 
father in the organization of the Shady 
Side Presbyterian Church, he served 
from that period to the close of his life 
as its treasurer and one of its trustees, 
actively participating in its work to 
which he was always a liberal contribu- 

Mr. Aiken married, November 13, 
1856, at Torrance Station, Allegheny 
county, Pennsylvania, Caroline A., 
daughter of Rees and Catherine (Hum- 
bert) Jones. Mr. Jones was born in 
1776, in Philadelphia, and died in 1850, 
in Pittsburgh. His wife was born in 
1799, and almost reached the century 
limit, passing away at the extraordinary 
age of ninety-eight and one-half years. 
Rees Jones was the son of Paul Jones, 
born 1737, son of Gerrard Jones, born 
1705-6, son of Robert Jones, son of John 
Thomas, of Llaithgwm, count) - of Mer- 
ioneth, Wales, whose descendants were 
among the prominent Welsh founders of 
Pennsylvania, settling near Philadelphia. 
John Thomas, of Llaithgwm, gentleman, 
was a direct descendant of Marehweith- 
ian, the Welsh chieftain of Isaled, the de- 
scendants of whom rose to great distinc- 
tion at various times, both in peace and 
in war. Marchweithian was one of the 
Fifteen Tribes of North Wales and Lord 
of Issallet, and bore the following arms: 
"Gules a lion rampant argent armed 
langued azure." Mr. and Mrs. Aiken 
were the parents of the following chil- 
dren : Katherine Jones, married Judge 
James H. Reed, and their children are: 
David Aiken, James H. and Katherine; 
David Castleman, died February 28, 
1908, in California, married Effie Hester; 
Caroline Jones, died aged seven months ; 
Rachel Castleman; Thomas Clarence, 
died at the age of fourteen months; 
Clara Belle ; Florence Louise, married 
William W. Smith, of Pittsburgh; Paul 
Jones, died aged seven years ; James 
King, died at age of fifteen years; and 
Grace Christina. 

Mrs. Aiken, a woman of most winning 
personality, shared to the full her hus- 
band's charitable disposition, and was to 
him in all respects an ideal helpmate. 
Mr. Aiken was a man of strong domestic 
tastes and affections, and delighted in 
entertaining his many friends. The 


whole family were extremely popular in 
Pittsburgh society, and the beautiful 
home over which Mrs. Aiken so grace- 
fully presided was a center of genial hos- 
pitality. There Mrs. Aiken, since her 
widowhood, has continued to reside, the 
object of the devoted regard of a large 
circle of friends. 

\\ bile .still in the prime of life and the 
full maturity of all his powers, Mr. Ai- 
ken passed away June 8, 1889, leaving 
in the business, political and social cir- 
cles of bis native city a void well-nigh 
impossible to fill. A man of widespread 
influence, he wrought an amount of good 
the total of which can never be com- 
puted, and to the financial and commer- 
cial world he was at once a leader and 
an example. ( )ne of the strong men of 
the ( )ld Pittsburgh, David Aiken, has 
passed away, but the record of his life is 
an inspiration, and his work remains to 
bless the generations which come after 


Soldier, Man of Affairs. 

To the Hon. Ira Franklin Mansfield 
has come the attainment of a distin- 
guished position in connection with the 
great material industries of Pennsyl- 
vania. His life achievements worthily 
illustrate what may be attained by per- 
sistent ami painstaking effort. He is a 
man of progressive ideas, and although 
versatile, he is not superficial ; exactness 
and thoroughness characterize all bis at- 
tainments, and his intellectual posses- 
sions are unified and assimilated, for they 
are his own. His genealogy also betok- 
ens that he is a scion of a family whose 
associations with the annals of Ameri- 
can history have been intimate and hon- 
orable from the earliest colonial epoch. 

Following is a brief summary of the 
Mansfield genealogy. The founder of 
this family in America was Richard 

Mansfield, son of Sir John Mansfield, 
Knight, mayor of Exeter, England, and 
master surveyor under Queen Elizabeth. 
He was one of the first settlers in New 
Haven, Connecticut, and ancestor of 
about all of the Mansfields in Connecti- 
cut, New York and several of the west- 
ern ami southern States. He came from 
Exeter, Devonshire, England, settled in 
"Quinnipiac" in 1639, and died January 
10, 1655. The given name of his wife 
was Gillian, and the youngest of their 
two children was Moses, whose birth oc- 
curred in 1639 and who died in 1703. 
Moses was a major in the colonial army, 
and a general commanding troops in 
King Philip's War. He served in the 
General Assembly of Connecticut and 
was Judge of the Probate and County 
Court. He was twice married (first) to 
Mercy Glover and (second) to Abigail 
Yale. Among his children was Jona- 
than, born 1686, and died 1703. Jona- 
than Mansfield was a farmer by occupa- 
tion, and served as constable, and as dea- 
con in the Episcopal church at New 
Haven, Connecticut. He married Sarah 
Ailing, and they had a son Aloses, born 
May 5, 1709. Moses Mansfield was con- 
stable, collector of taxes and schoolmas- 
ter at New Haven, where his demise oc- 
curred in 1754. He married (first) Mary 
A. Kicrstadt, and (second) Rachel Ward. 
Their first daughter never uttered a cry 
until she was four years old. They 
named her Silence, and she later became 
a noted singer in church choirs. John, 
son of Moses Mansfield, known as "Cap- 
tain Jack," was born in New Haven, 
Connecticut, and died in Wallingford, 
that State. He served throughout the 
Revolutionary War, and was at the cap- 
ture of Yorktovvn, receiving a bayonet 
wound through his right hand while 
leading the forlorn hope that captured 
the outer batteries of the British army. 
He served under General Washington, 
and in special orders was promoted to 



the office of captain. He married Esther 
Lewis and they had two children, Ira 
and Sybil, the latter of whom married 
John Hiddleson, a sea captain of George- 
town, South Carolina. Ira Mansfield 
was horn in Wallingford in 1769, and 
died in Atwater, Ohio, in 1849. ^ e m >- 
grated to the Western Reserve, in Ohio, 
in 1803, and for years was in the State 
militia with the rank of captain. He 
married Sukie Kirtlaml and their son, 
Isaac K., was the father of the subject 
of this review. Isaac K. Mansfield, born 
in At water, in 1810, was a merchant in 
Poland and the city of Philadelphia, and 
while there was stricken with disease, 
and died in Poland in 1850. In 1839 
Isaac K. married Lois Morse, and to this 
union were born three children: Charles 
H., who died in infancy; Ira F., of this 
notice; and .Mar)- K., who married Sam- 
uel Mood}', a prominent Pennsylvania 
railroad official living in Beaver. Mrs. 
Isaac K. .Mansfield remained in Poland 
until 1870, when she came to Cannelton 
and Beaver, ami died in-inio, aged eigh- 

Hon. Ira E. Mansfield was born in 
Poland, Uhio, June 27, 1842, and was 
reared in the city of Philadelphia until 
he was eight years of age. When fifteen 
his education was cut short by being ex- 
pelled from Poland College, in attending 
a dance at the President McKinley home. 
Completing the iron moulder's trade at 
the age of twenty years, he enlisted as 
a private in Captain Robert Wilson's 
Company H, 105th Ohio Volunteer In- 
fantry. He saw service in the Army of 
the Cumberland, accompanied General 
Sherman in the "March to the Sea," and 
participated in the Grand Review at 
Washington after the close of the war. 
He was advanced from private to orderly 
sergeant, and after the battle of Perry- 
ville, Kentucky, was promoted by Gov- 
ernor David Tod to the rank of second 
lieutenant. Just after the battles of 

Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge 
he was made first lieutenant. During 
the Atlanta campaign and Sherman's 
"March to the Sea" he was assigned as 
quartermaster with rank- of captain on 
the staff of General Jeff Davis, com- 
manding 14th Army Corps. 

After the close of the war, in June, 
1865, Mr. Mansfield was partner with 
David Hall in the Brick store in Poland, 
Ohio, and in October, 1865, moved to 
Cannelton, Pennsylvania, where he as- 
sumed charge of the Cannel Coal Mines, 
which he operated until 1890. Having 
leased his coal and tire clay mines, he 
still devotes his attention to the develop- 
ment of fruits, having an orchard of two 
hundred acres in which are grown ap- 
ples, pears, peaches, cherries and other 
fruits. He is a director and first vice- 
president of the First National Bank of 
Rochester; is a director in several build- 
ing and loan associations and the Roch- 
ester and Beaver Realty Companies; also 
a trustee in the Beaver Valley Hospital : 
director in the Beaver County Electric 
Company; a member of the Beaver Col- 
lege Trustees, of which institution he 
was president for a number of years. 
Ira F. Mansfield is deeply and sincerely 
interested in educational matters and in 
addition to his interest in Beaver College 
is president of the board of trustees of 
Greensburg Academy at Darlington, and 
the active chancellor of the Robin Hood 
Club of one hundred lady school teachers, 
who each summer camp out in tents in 
search of flowers, birds, insects and gen- 
eral health. 

In politics Mr. Mansfield is aligned as 
a stalwart in the ranks of the Republican 
party, in the local councils of which he 
has long been an active factor. For six 
years he was member of the Beaver 
council, and school director; and for 
twenty-five years was justice of the 
peace for Darlington township and mar- 
ried eight hundred and seventy-six 


couples, mostly runaway couples, who 
came into Pennsylvania to escape the 
( )hio license law. In 1880 he was elected 
to the Pennsylvania legislature, also in 
1890, 1892, 1894, and again in 1903, cov- 
ering live terms or ten years. While 
in the Legislature lie was a member of 
many important committees including 
the coal and mining, of which he was 
chairman, and the appropriation and sol- 
diers' orphans' committees. He was an 
active and influential representative, and 
secured considerable important legisla- 
tion for Reaver count)-. 

Air. Mansfield retains a deep and sin- 
cere interest in his old comrades-in- 
arms, and signifies the same by member- 
ship in Beaver Post, No. 362, Grand 
Arm)- of the Republic. Formerly he be- 
longed to Darlington Post, serving as 
commander of both posts for many years. 
He has passed through all the degrees 
of Masonry and has attained the thirty- 
second degree in the Scottish Rite. He 
is affiliated with the order of ( >dd Fel- 
lows, and likewise connected with the 
Knights of Pythias, passing all the of- 
cial chairs. 

In 191 1 Mr. Mansfield published a 
volume entitled "Historical Collections 
of Little Reaver River Valley," with il- 
lustrations and check lists of some eight 
hundred wild flowers, ferns and birds; 
and in the extended discoveries of fossil 
ferns, birds, insects and shells, has clear- 
ly shown that the primitive organic 
structures of this world were much more 
perfect than is generally believed, and 
compared with the fossils of the tertiary 
veins, simply discloses some develop- 
ment but no evolution. Truly, each 
form of being was perfect from the first. 
lie has also published a volume on Fire 
Clays, and one on Cannel and Bituminous 
Coals of this section of the State. All 
his works are recognized authorities in 
their respective departments. lie is a 
member of the American Philosophical 

Society of Philadelphia, the A. A. A. S. of 
Boston, and has contributed many valu- 
able specimens to various important col- 
lections of the country. 

December 13, 1872, Mr. Mansfield was 
married to Lucy E. Mygatt, ami they are 
the parents of three children: Rutland 
M., is unmarried and is connected with 
the schools at Elwyn, Pennsylvania; 
Henry B., is married and resides at 
Rochester, where he is in the employ of 
the Pennsylvania Railroad Lines; and 
Mary L., remains at the parental home. 
Mr. and Mrs. Mansfield are loyal mem- 
bers of the Beaver Presbyterian Church, 
in which Mr. Mansfield has been an eld- 
er for thirty-four years. Ira F. Mans- 
field became a member of Christ Epis- 
copal Church in Philadelphia, when five 
years of age, and has ever since been a 
regular Sunday school attendant, with 
the exception of the three years spent as 
a soldier in the Civil War. In the Mt. 
Pleasant Church at Darlington for twelve 
years, and in the Beaver Church since 
1887, he has taught a Bible class of forty 
women, and is an ardent church worker. 
The family home is one of the most im- 
posing in this city of beautiful residences, 
and is situated on a high elevation at the 
corner of College and First streets, the 
same overlooking the Ohio river and its 
beautiful fertile valley. 

Mr. Mansfield has lived a life of use- 
fulness such as few men know. God- 
fearing, law-abiding, progressive, his 
life is as truly that of a Christian gentle- 
man as any man's can well be. Unwav- 
eringly he has done the right as he has 
interpreted it. Mis life history is cer- 
tainly worthy of commendation and of 
emulation, for along honorable and 
straightforward lines he has won the suc- 
cess which crowns his efforts ami which 
makes him one of the substantial resi- 
dents of Beaver and the great State of 



BROBECK, Charles P., 

Charles P. limbeck, now living virtu- 
ally retired at Rochester, Pennsylvania, 
was here engaged in the drug business 
for fully a third of a century. His busi- 
ness tactics were always characterized by 
fair and honorable methods, and his ad- 
mirable success was on a parity with his 
well directed endeavors. He has been a 
potent influence in banking circles in this 
city, and is still a member of the board 
of directors in the People's National 
Bank. He has ever manifested a deep 
and sincere interest in all matters affect- 
ing the good of the general welfare, and 
in every respect is a loyal and public- 
spirited citizen. 

At Monaca, in Beaver county, Penn- 
sylvania, occurred the birth of Charles 
Philip Brobeck, who is a son of Henry 
Jackson and Pauline P. (Swarz) Bro- 
beck, the former of whom was born in 
Beaver county, and the latter in Ger- 
many, whence she came to America with 
her parents in 1831, at the age of four 
years. Henry Jackson Brobeck was cap- 
tain of a steamboat on the Ohio river 
during the short period of his active 
career, and he was summoned to the life 
eternal July 2, 1858, at the comparatively 
early age of thirty-nine years. His cher- 
ished and devoted wife, who long sur- 
vived him, passed away April 23, 1906, 
aged seventy-nine years. Mr. Brobeck 
was originally an old-line Whig in poli- 
tics but after the formation of the Re- 
publican party transferred his allegiance 
to ihat organization. He was always in- 
terested in community affairs, and gave 
freely of his aid and influence in support 
of all measures and enterprises for- 
warded for the betterment of mankind. 

The first in order of birth in a family 
of two children, Charles P. Brobeck, was 
reared to maturity in Heaver county, 
where he attended the public schools and 

Beaver Academy, in which latter institu- 
tion of learning he was graduated, in the 
year 1872. His sister, Matilda P., whose 
birth occurred January 6, 1848, is now 
residing at Rochester. After completing 
his education Mr. Brobeck was employed 
in a drugstore at Rochester for a number 
of years, and in 1873 he engaged 111 the 
drug business on his own account in this 
city. He built up a splendid patronage 
as a druggist, and at the time of his re- 
tirement, in 1906, he was the owner of 
one of the finest drug establishments in 
Rochester. During the period of his 
career he has been actively identified 
with a number of important business 
concerns of a local character, and he was 
one of the organizers of the Rochester 
National Bank, in which he was a direc- 
tor from the time of its incorporation 
until it was absorbed by the Rochester 
Trust Company. He also assisted in the 
organization of the People's National 
Bank, in which he has considerable 
money invested and in which he is still 
a director. 

September 25, 1884, Mr. Brobeck was 
united in marriage to Miss Matilda L. C. 
Brehm, a daughter of August and Au- 
gusta (Mascher) Brehm, who immi- 
grated to the United States from Ger- 
many shortly after their marriage. Mr. 
and Mrs. Brobeck are the parents of two 
children: Amalia Augusta, born June 
24, 1885 ; and Frederick Henry, born 
October 26, 1S87. Frederick Henry Bro- 
beck is most successfully engaged, tem- 
porarily, in the banking business at 
Monaca, in the Monaca National Bank. 
Mrs. Brobeck is a woman of most pleas- 
ing personality and she is deeply beloved 
by all who have came within the sphere 
of her gentle influence. 

In his political convictions Mr. Bro- 
beck is aligned as a stalwart supporter 
of the principles and policies for which 
the Democratic party stands sponsor, 
and while he has never been an aspirant 




for the honors or emoluments of public 
office of any description, he is well in- 
formed on all public questions and gives 
a loyal support to men and measures 
meeting with the approval of his judg- 
ment. In a fraternal way he is prom- 
inent in Masonic circles and in religious 
matters he and his wife are devout Pres- 
byterians. The family have been zealous 
factors in church and Sunday school 
work and are generous contributors to 
all charitable organizations. 

KENNEDY, Charles H., 

Lawyer, Public Official. 

The activity and enterprise of any 
growing center of population is perhaps 
as clearly indicated in the class of pro- 
fessional men who look after its legal 
interests as in any other respect, and it 
is with pleasure that we refer to the 
career of Charles H. Kennedy. He is 
the popular and efficient incumbent of 
the office of burgess of New Brighton, 
and has gained a position of distinctive 
priority as one of the representative 
members of the bar of this section of the 
State, where he has a large legal prac- 
tice and where he is financially inter- 
ested in a number of important business 

Charles Hugh Kennedy was born at 
New Brighton, Pennsylvania, September 
18, 1882, and is a son of George F. and 
Ella B. (White) Kennedy, both of whom 
were born in Beaver county, this State, 
and both of whom are living (191 3), 
their home being at New Brighton. 
George F. Kennedy is of Scotch-Irish 
descent, and is associated with his broth- 
er Thomas L. in the cooperage manu- 
facturing business, being a member of 
the well-known M. T. & S. Kennedy Com- 
pany, which concern was organized by 
Samuel and Mathew T. Kennedy. He is 
a Republican in politics and takes an ac- 
tive part in community affairs, having 
served for twenty years in the borough 

council and for twelve years as a mem- 
ber of the local school board. 

To the public schools of New Brigh- 
ton, Charles Hugh Kennedy is indebted 
for his preliminary educational training. 
He was graduated in high school in 
1900, and then entered Geneva College, 
at Beaver Falls, in which excellent in- 
stitution he was a student for two years. 
In 1903 he entered the office of Judge 
Hice, at Beaver, and there began to 
study law. He made rapid progress in 
his legal studies, and was admitted- to 
the Pennsylvania State Bar in Septem- 
ber, 1906. During the year 1907-8 he at- 
tended the University of Pennsylvania. 
Air. Kennedy initiated the active prac- 
tice of his profession at New Brighton 
in the fall of 1908, and he now has a 
large and lucrative clientage. He has 
figured prominently in a number of im- 
portant litigations in the State and Fed- 
eral courts, and he ranks as one of the 
most skilled attorneys in this part of the 
State. In connection with his profession- 
al work he is a member of the Beaver 
County Bar Association and in politics 
he is an uncompromising Republican. 
In the fall of 1908 he was elected bur- 
gess of New Brighton for a term of four 
years, and he is acquitting himself with 
all honor and distinction in discharging 
the duties of that position. He is secre- 
tary and treasurer of the Fallston Fire 
Clay Company at New Brighton and he 
is interested in other business concerns of 
a local nature. 

Mr. Kennedy is a member of Union 
Lodge, No. 259, Free and Accepted 
Masons, also the Chapter, Comman- 
dery and Lodge of Perfection, and he is 
likewise affiliated with the Knights of 
Pythias. He is connected with the 
Beaver Valley Country Club and is an 
advocate of good healthy athletics. He 
was reared in the faith of the United 
Presbyterian church. Mr. Kennedy is 





WILBUR, Warren Abbott, 

Financier, Man of Large Affairs. 

A man of affairs whose celebrity ex- 
tends far beyond the limits of his county 
is Warren Abbott Willuir, of South Beth- 
lehem, founder of the Bethlehem Foundry 
Machine Company, and for twenty years 
its president. Mr. Wilbur is officially 
identified with a number of financial and 
industrial organizations, and has been, 
for more than a cpiarter of a century, a 
leader in the business world of his city 
and county. 

Henry Wilbur, grandfather of Warren 
Abbott Wilbur, was a representative of 
an old Connecticut family, and was dur- 
ing his early life a sea captain, later re- 
moving to Mauch Chunk, where he 
passed the remainder of his years. He 
married Eveline Packer, sister of Judge 
Asa Packer, and, like himself, a member 
of an ohl New England family. Mr. Wil- 
bur died in 1803 and his widow passed 
away in 1868. 

Elisha Packer Wilbur, son of Henry 
and Eveline (Packer) Wilbur, was born 
January 31. 1833, in Mystic, Connecticut, 
and in 1851) settled in Bethlehem, where 
he engaged extensively in the coal busi- 
ness. While still a youth he became con- 
nected with the Lehigh Valley railroad, 
and rose steadily step by step, becoming 
eventually its president, a position which 
he held for many years. He married 
Stella M., daughter of Merritt Abbott, of 
Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, and they be- 
came the parents of several children, of 
whom the eldest was Warren Abbott, 
mentioned below. The record of Mr. 
Wilbur, both as a business man and a 
citizen is one of unusual honor and dis- 

Warren Abbott Wilbur, son of Elisha 
Packer and Stella M. (Abbott) Wilbur, 
was born May I, 1859, in Bethlehem, 
Pennsylvania, and received his primary 
education in the parochial school of Beth- 
lehem, passing thence to Mount Pleasant 

Academy and then entering Swarthmore 
College. His business career began in 
September, 1877, when he entered the 
service of the Bethlehem Iron Works 
Company, afterward operating a blast 
furnace and carrying on coal operations. 
In 1880 he became a partner in the firm of 
E. P. Wilbur & Company. In 1887 he 
was made vice-president of E. P. Wilbur 
Trust Company, and in 1910, upon the 
death of his father, succeeded to the office 
of president. He was a partner and stock- 
holder in the firm of J. W. Fuller & Com- 
pany, afterward the Lehigh Car Wheel & 
Axle Company. Mr. Wilbur is now presi- 
dent and director of the following orga- 
nizations: The Sayre Water Company; 
the First National Bank of Sayre ; the Jef- 
ferson Coal Company; Connellsville & 
State Line Railroad Company; the Wil- 
bur Coal & Coke Company ; and the Val- 
ley Coal & Coke Company of West Vir- 
ginia. He is president of the Jefferson 
Railroad Company, and a director in the 
Lehigh Foundry Company, the Lehigh 
Pulverizer Mill Company, the Lehigh 
Valley National Bank, the Western Alary- 
land Railroad, the Lehigh Valley Trac- 
tion Company, the Lehigh Coke Company 
and the Franklin Coal Company. He is 
also president of the Packer Coal Com- 
pany, and a director of the Empire Steel 
and Iron Company. This long list of ar- 
duous and responsible positions would be 
simply astounding to anyone unfamiliar 
with Mr. Wilbur's character and career, 
but to those who know his capacity for 
work, his power of concentration and 
clearness and rapidity of judgment, it 
suggests nothing marvelous nor even un- 

It is, however, a mistake to think of 
Mr. Wilbur solely as a business man. 
He is deeply interested in educational 
institutions and in charitable and benev- 
olent work. He is chairman of the ex- 
ecutive committee of the board of trus- 
tees of Lehigh University, and treas- 

; '5 


urer and also trustee of St. Luke's Hos- 
pital. In all municipal affairs he takes a 
public-spirited interest, and holds the 
office of treasurer of the borough of 
South Bethlehem. Politically he is a 
Democrat. He belongs to the Society 
of Mining Engineers, the Sons of the 
Revolution, the Society of Colonial 
Wars, the South Bethlehem, Bethlehem 
and Northampton Clubs, the Phila- 
delphia Club and the Manufacturers' 
Club of Philadelphia, and the Pennsyl- 
vania Society of New York. He affili- 
ates with the Masonic fraternity, includ- 
ing the Knights Templar; also the Be- 
nevolent and Protective Order of Elks. 
He is a member of the Episcopal 

Mr. Wilbur married (first) Sallie P. 
Lindermann, daughter of Dr. G. B. Lin- 
dermann, and they became the parents 
of one son: Robert E., born July 17, 
1881. Mr. Wilbur married (second) 
Kate, daughter of Charles Brodhead. 

Mr. Wilbur is a man who has caused 
his prosperity to minister to the general 
good. It is such men as he who, wher- 
ever they are found, impart an impetus 
to business and vitalize all the best in- 
terests of their communities. 

COOPER, David K., 

Educator, Lawyer. 

David Kerr Cooper, who is a member 
of the well-known law firm of Cooper 
& Richey, of Beaver, Pennsylvania, 
maintains his offices in the Beaver Trust 
Building. He is a distinguished at- 
torney in this city and, inasmuch as he 
has gained his success and prestige 
through his own endeavors, the more 
honor is due him for his earnest labors in 
his exacting profession, and for the pre- 
cedence he has gained in his chosen vo- 
cation. He has long figured prominently 
in Republican political circles and is a 
man of mark in all the relations of life. 

A native of Moon township, Beaver 
county, Pennsylvania, David Kerr Coop- 
er was born February 17, 1856, and is a 
son of Robert and Mary (Ewing) Coop- 
er, both of whom are deceased, the form- 
er having passed to the life eternal Au- 
gust 28, 1893, at the age of seventy-seven 
years, and the latter having died May 12, 
1 87 1, aged forty-seven years. Robert 
Cooper was a prominent farmer in Beav- 
er county during his active career, and 
he was a stalwart Republican in his po- 
litical allegiance. He was active in pub- 
lic affairs and was always foremost in 
everything that pertained to the advance- 
ment of his community. He was in- 
cumbent of a number of local offices and 
served for a term of three years as di- 
rector of the poor of the county. He 
was a lifelong member of the United 
Presbyterian church and a ruling elder 
in the old Raccoon Church for many 
years. He was a man of honorable and 
straightforward methods in his dealings 
with his fellow citizens, and commanded 
the unalloyed confidence and esteem of 
all with whom he came in contact. 

The sixth in order of birth in a family 
of nine children, David Kerr Cooper, 
was reared to maturity on the old home- 
stead farm, in the work and management 
of which he early began to assist his 
father. As a boy he attended the dis- 
trict schools of Moon township and later 
was a student in Beaver Academy for 
several terms. Both before and after 
leaving the Academy he taught school, 
three years in the district schools of 
Beaver county and five years in the 
Sharpsburg Academy, at Allegheny. 
During the latter five years he also pre- 
pared himself for college, and in 1883, 
was matriculated as a student in West- 
minster College, at New Wilmington, 
Pennsylvania, in which he was grad- 
uated as a member of the class of 1884, 
duly receiving his degree of Master of 
Arts. Upon leaving college he was 

¥ & 



elected superintendent of the Public 
Schools at Sharpsburg, Pennsylvania, 
and for the next four years was the pop- 
ular and efficient incumbent of that po- 
sition. In the meantime he had been 
registered as a law student in the office 
of Hon. John X. Buchanan, of Beaver, 
and he was admitted to the State bar 
September 17, 1889. Mr. Cooper initi- 
ated the active practice of his profession 
at Beaver, and here carried on an indi- 
vidual practice until April, 1890, when he 
formed a partnership alliance with Rob- 
ert Richey, with whom he has since been 
associated in a most successful law prac- 
tice. He has been admitted to practice 
in all the State courts, and in connection 
with the work of his profession is a 
valued and appreciative member of the 
Beaver County Bar Association. He is 
a member of the board of directors of 
the Fort Mcintosh National Bank, at 
Beaver, and is financially interested in 
other important business enterprises of 
a local nature. 

In his political convictions Mr. Cooper 
is an uncompromising supporter of the 
principles and policies upheld by the Re- 
publican party, in the local councils of 
which he lias long been an active work- 
er. In 1901 he was honored by his fel- 
low citizens with election to the office 
of District Attorney for Beaver county, 
and he served in that capacity for one 
term. He has on several occasions been 
a member of the Republican County 
Committee and has frequently been 
chairman thereof. He has likewise been 
a delegate to District and State conven- 

April 16, 1895, Mr. Cooper married 
Miss Ola Capron, a daughter of Smith 
M. and Sarah J. (Jilson) Capron, of 
Lewis county, New York. Mr. and Mrs. 
Cooper have one son and one daughter: 
David Kerr, Jr., whose birth occurried 
February 1, 1907; and Ola, born Septem- 
ber 4, 1908. In religious matters Mr. and 

Mrs. Cooper are devout members of the 
United Presbyterian church, in wdiich he 
is a member of the board of trustees. 
Both are active in church and Sunday 
school work. In a fraternal way he is 
affiliated with the lodge, chapter, council 
ami commandery of the time-honored 
Masonic order. The attractive Beaver 
home is maintained at No. 1,4 Beaver 
street, and the same is the of many 
interesting social gatherings. 

FRENCH, Aaron, 

Manufacturer, Man of Affairs. 

A man of singularly strong personality 
which exerted a powerful influence on his 
subordinates and all about him was to 
be found in the person of the late Aaron 
French, organizer and president of the 
A. French Spring Company, of Pitts- 
burgh. He found the happiness of his 
life in the success of his work, and in 
the company which he organized he has 
raised for himself a magnificent testi- 
monial to his business enterprise and 
determination. It is rare to find a work 
of this scope and importance practically 
the result of a single directing intelli- 
gence. His business judgment was 
sound and clear, and he was possessed 
of an amount of foresight which enabled 
him to develop his business interests to 
the very best advantage. 

Aaron French, grandfather of the sub- 
ject of this sketch, resided in Massa- 

Philo French, son of Aaron French, 
was born in West Springfield, Massa- 
chusetts, in 1795, and died in October, 
1823, at the early age of twenty-eight 
years. After acquiring a reasonably 
good education for the time at the public 
schools, he became associated with his 
father in the manufacture of powder, 
but the mill in which they were financi- 
ally interested having been wrecked by 
an explosion in 1817, they removed to 



that part of Ohio known as the Western 
Reserve of Connecticut, and made their 
home at Wadsworth. They were pion- 
eer settlers in that district, the only 
roadways leading to the settlement be- 
ing those which had been blazed by the 
residents. Mr. French acquired a suffici- 
ent amount of property here, which he 
cleared for cultivation of the home sup- 
plies, and his position as traveling agent 
for a powder house in the east added 
materially to his income. He married 
Mary, a daughter and youngest child of 
William Mclntyre, a Highland Scotch- 
man. Airs. French had thirteen sisters 
and brothers, all of whom attained an 
age of seventy-five years and upward, 
she herself living to be ninety-one years 
of age, her death occurring in 1877. She 
married (second) Daniel Stearns, of 
Ohio, by whom she had seven children: 
John M. and Lucy, twins; William L., 
David E., Frank N., Daniel M., Charles 
L. The children of Mr. and Mrs. French 
were: Philo, born February 22, 1819; 
Henry, who died at the age of twenty- 
seven years; and Aaron, see forward. 

Aaron French, youngest child of Philo 
and Mary (Mclntyre) French, was born 
in Wadsworth, Medina county, Ohio, 
March 23, 1823. His school attendance 
was limited, as he was obliged to begin 
the practical and active work of aiding 
in his support at the early age of twelve 
years. His first employment was as as- 
sistant, in farm labors, and the following 
year he was apprenticed to learn the 
blacksmith's trade. It had always been 
a matter of keen regret to him that he 
could not attend school for a longer 
period of time, but he tried throughout 
his life to supply this deficiency, and suc- 
ceeded far beyond his expectations. Two 
years were spent in the employ of the 
Ohio Stage Company at Cleveland, Ohio; 
one year with the Guyosa House, in 
Memphis, Tennessee, and he was then 
for a time a western agent for the Ameri- 

can Fur Company. These widely divers- 
ified lines of business gave him an in- 
sight into business conditions which was 
invaluable in his later career. When he 
was twenty years of age he became a 
student at the Archie McGregor Acad- 
emy at Wadsworth, Ohio, and pursued a 
course of one year's duration. He left 
this institution in the fall of 1844, cast his 
vote for Henry Clay, for president, and 
went to the south after the election. The 
following year found him in St. Louis, 
Missouri, and later his services were en- 
gaged by Peter Young, in Carlyle, Clin- 
ton county, Illinois, in the manufacture 
of wagons. While thus engaged he was 
stricken with a severe attack of chills 
and fever which kept him confined to a 
bed of sickness for almost four months, 
and, after returning to Ohio with his 
brother, he was incapacitated for work 
which required any degree of activity for 
about four years. While his body was of 
necessity comparatively inactive, the mind 
of Mr. French was storing itself with a 
mass of knowledge which fitted him 
later in life to bear with honor the enor- 
mous interests and responsibilities which 
developed upon him. When he resumed 
his active business career he accepted a 
position which had been offered him by 
the Cleveland, Columbus & Lake Shore 
Railroad Company at Cleveland, Ohio, 
and one of his first works was the erec- 
tion of the iron structure necessary for 
the Painesville bridge. His connection 
with this company was uninterrupted 
until his return to Norwalk, Ohio, in 
1854. The cholera epidemic of that year 
laid low numerous victims, and Mr. 
French was the only man who was able 
to work throughout this dreadful season, 
his employment being in a blacksmith 
shop. The following year he was given 
charge of the blacksmith department of 
the Cleveland & Pittsburgh railroad at 
Wellsville, in which capacity he dis- 
played decided executive ability. He 


was offered and accepted the position of 
superintendent of the Racine & Missis- 
sippi railroad, at Racine, Wisconsin, and 
during a part of the time he was with 
this company he acted in the capacity of 
master mechanic. 

At the outbreak of the Civil War he 
was one of the first to offer his services 
in defence of the rights of the Union, but 
because of physical disability he was not 
accepted. The public affairs of the com- 
munity in which he resided occupied a 
large share of his time, and he was de- 
voted to its interests. This was recog- 
nized by his election to the office of 
.sheriff of Racine county, Wisconsin, in 
1862. to fill a term of two years' dura- 
tion. Before his term of office had ex- 
pired he associated himself with Calvin 
Wells in the manufacture of car springs 
in Pittsburgh, under the firm name of the. 
A. French Spring Company, which has 
since that time become known the world 
over. Their manufacture was commenced 
opposite the Union Depot, their floor 
space being forty by one hundred feet, 
and with only about ten men in their 
employ. From this comparatively small 
beginning has grown the enormous plant 
of the present day. At first they manu- 
factured only the elliptic spring of the 
Hazen patent, but at the end of font- 
years the demand for their output had in- 
creased so enormously that they were 
compelled to erect larger quarters, and 
the portion now known as No. [ was 
erected. They now employ about four 
hundred and fifty men, and manufacture 
all kinds of elliptic and spiral springs for 
use in locomotives, passenger and street 
cars, automobiles, etc. Their output is 
sent to all parts of the world, Europe 
making a particularly strong demand for 
it. This is the largest plant of its 
kind in the world and the buildings cover 
two blocks bounded by Nineteenth and 
Twenty-first streets, and another on 
Smallman street, between Twenty-fifth 

and Twenty-sixth streets. In all these 
enormous interests the figure of Mr. 
French dominated. His was the hand in 
which all the threads from the numerous 
departments were gathered and twisted 
into one harmonious and perfect whole. 
His was in truth a master mind. Shortly 
before his death his company was 
merged with the Railway Steel Spring 
Company, and he was the first chairman 
of its board. As a member of the Pitts- 
burgh Chamber of Commerce his opinions 
were listened to with interest, and never 
failed of having the effect he intended 
they should have. He had the interests 
of the Republican party truly at heart 
and gave it his staunch support. His 
religious affiliations were with the Cal- 
vary Episcopal Church of Pittsburgh, 
in which his wife was an active worker. 
He was a member of numerous organi- 
zations, some among which were: Ra- 
cine Lodge, No. 18, Free and Accepted 
Masons, of Racine; past master of St. 
John's Lodge, of Pittsburgh ; member of 
Zerubbabel Chapter, of Pittsburgh, and 
past high priest of the Grand Chapter of 
Wisconsin ; also of Tancred Command- 
ery. Knights Templar, of Pittsburgh; 
Duquesne Club, of Pittsburgh. 

Mr. French married (first) in 1848, 
Euphrasia Terrill, of Liverpool, Medina 
county, Ohio, who died in 1871. They 
had children : Lucie, married Carl Let- 
ter ; Ida, deceased, married William 
Phillips; Clara, married Charles Kauf- 
man, of Lancaster, Pennsylvania; Philo 
Nelson (q. v.). Mr. French married 
(second) Caroline B. Sheer, of Chicago, 
and they had one child, Mary A., who 
died at the age of eighteen years. 

Of Mr. French it may truly be said 
that his life was a happy illustration of 
the honors and rewards of perseverance, 
ambition and indefatigable energy. Con- 
sistency was one of his chief character- 
istics; and his methods of business, 
while progressive, were tempered with a 


certain amount of conservatism which 
made them immune against trivial fluctu- 
ations in the business world. He was 

tabic- enterprises, and his private bene- 
faction-, were unnumbered. 

FRENCH, Philo Nelson, 

Manufacturer, Man of AiFairs. 

Retired from the active business life of 
the city of Pittsburgh in order to devote 
the necessary time to his extensive and 
important private interests, Philo Nelson 
French is, however, still closely in touch 
with whatever concerns the business in- 
terests of the city whose welfare he has 
had at heart for so many years. He still 
holds official position in several large 
corporations and financial enterprises, 
and his counsel is sought and highly 

Mr. French was born in Racine, Wis- 
consin, January 26, i860, son of Aaron 
French. When he was two years of age 
his parents removed to Pittsburgh, where 
practically his entire life has been spent. 
His earlier school education was received 
in that city, and this was supplemented 
by a four years' course at Greylock In- 
stitute, South Williamstown, Massa- 
chusetts, and a course of one year's dura- 
tion at Lehigh University. He then en- 
tered the employ of Mcintosh, Hemphill 
& Company, manufacturers, holding a 
position in their drawing and designing 
department for a period of three years, 
at the same time continuing his study 
and practice of mechanical engineering, 
in which he had achieved a great amount 
of proficiency. He then formed a con- 
nection with the A. French Spring Com- 
pany of Pittsburgh, a part of his duties 
being in the office of the concern, while 
he was also in charge of the machinery 
until 1887. at which time he was ad- 
vanced to the important position of gen- 
eral superintendent. This position not 

alone required a thorough knowledge of 
all kinds of machinery but also execu- 
tive ability of a high order, as there were 
between three and four hundred men in 
the plant. All of these with few excep- 
tions were skilled workmen, and the fact 
that labor troubles played a very unim- 
portant part in the history of the concern 
is sufficient proof of the able manage- 
ment of Mr. French. He was also a di- 
rector of the Canton Steel Company, of 
Canton, Ohio. 

As above stated, Mr. French has now 
retired from the active duties of the con- 
cern of which he was the general man- 
ager and one of the directors. While he 
is deeply interested in all matters which 
concern the public welfare of the com- 
munity, his great business interests have 
prevented him from taking an active part 
in political affairs, and he has contented 
himself with casting his vote in favor 
of the candidates of the Republican 
party. He is a liberal contributor toward 
the support of the Episcopal church. His 
fraternal affiliations are as follows: Blue 
Lodge No. 45, Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons ; Zerubbabel Chapter No. 162, Royal 
Arch Masons; Tancred Commandery No. 
48, Knights Templar; Rose Croix, Prin- 
ces of Jerusalem ; Syria Temple, Ancient 
Arabic Order of Nobles of the Mystic 
Shrine ; Valley of Pittsburgh Consistory, 
in which the thirty-second degree was 
conferred upon him ; Duquesne Club of 

Mr. French married, January 11, 1887, 
May Elizabeth, daughter of B. L. II. 
Dabbs, of Pittsburgh. Their two chil- 
dren are: May Elizabeth and Aaron 

Mr. French has encountered in the 
course of his career the usual number of 
difficulties which crop up in the path of a 
business man of the present hurried age. 
He has met these with a force and de- 
termination of character which have not 
alone enabled him to win his way to sue- 


cess but have earned for him the com- 
mendation of his fellow citizens. As- 
sisted by his wife, a woman of most 
charming personality, their home on 
Pembroke Place, East End, Pittsburgh, 
is one of ideal comfort and openhanded 
hospitality. There are gathered men and 
women of energy, talent and intellectu- 
ality, and the family is justly popular in 
the social circles of the city. 

THOMPSON, Josiah M., 

Oil Producer, Legislator. 

The emigrant ancestor and grandfather 
of Josiah M. Thompson, John Thompson, 
was born in county Antrim, Ireland, mar- 
ried there Martha Humes, came to Penn- 
sylvania in 1795, ami in April, 1799, 
moved from Chartiers Creek, Allegheny 
county, to Brady township, Butler coun- 
ty, where he was the owner of one thou- 
band acres of land, and died in 1846, 
aged ninety-six. His six sons were very 
large men, noted for their great physical 
strength. All were members of Muddy 
Creek Presbyterian Church. 

John H. Thompson, the second son, 
born in Allegheny county, December 1, 
1798, married Jane C. McCandless, who 
died December 16, 1898, reaching the 
great age of ninety-three years. John H. 
Thompson was a farmer of Butler coun- 
ty all his life. He died by accidental 
drowning in Slippery Rock creek, Butler 
county, December 21, i860. 

Josiah M., only son of seven children 
of John II. and Jane C. (McCandless) 
Thompson, was born on the homestead 
in Brady township, Butler county, Penn- 
sylvania, April 20, 1840. He was edu- 
cated in the public school of the township 
and Sunbury High School. He taught 
for three years in one of the public 
schools of Brady township, retaining the 
same school the entire term of his peda- 
gogical career. After the death of his 
father, Josiah M., being the only son, took 

charge of the estate, and in 1867 married 
and settled on the home farm. He con- 
tinued there engaged in farming until 
1904, then spent about four years in 
Ohio and Illinois, then moved to But- 
ler, Pennsylvania, where he now resides. 
For many years, in addition to his farm- 
ing interests, he was engaged in the pro- 
duction of oil in Butler county. He is a 
Republican in politics, active in the 
party, and for fifteen years served as jus- 
tice of the peace in Brady township. He 
was also for many years school director. 
In 1886 he was elected a member of the 
Pennsylvania House of Assembly, rep- 
resenting Butler county. In November, 
1890, he was again elected to the same 
office. He served his two terms with 
credit, holding position on important 
committees. He is a member of the In- 
dependent Order of Odd Fellows, and 
while living on the farm belonged to the 
local grange, Patrons of Husbandry. 
Both he and his wife are members of the 
Second Presbyterian Church of Butler. 
He married, October 2, 1867, Clara B. 
Varnum, of Center township, Butler 
count}-. Children: Elvina Jane, de- 
ceased; Florence, married Elmer J. Mc- 
Junkin, of Sistersville, West Virginia; 
John L., of Old Mexico; Frank deceased; 
Samuel W., of Old Mexico, where he is 
engaged in the oil business the brothers 
being associated in business; Marie, mar- 
ried Dr. Oscar Klotz, of Cheneyville, 

IREDELL, Rodney Rodgers, 


Rodney R. Iredell, a prominent journ- 
alist and publisher of Allentown, comes 
of an old and honorable family of Eng- 
lish Quaker origin. Since the days of 
their first settling in Pennsylvania, they 
have in every generation been repre- 
sented by men who have left their mark 
upon the development of the eastern part 



of the State. Among the earlier repre- 
sentatives of the house was the distin- 
guished jurist, Justice Iredell, a justice of 
the Supreme Court of the United States, 
and a eontemporary of General Washing- 
ington, whose friendship and respect he 

Robert Iredell, Jr., the father of Rod- 
ney R. Iredell, a journalist of prominence 
in eastern Pennsylvania, was the son of 
a Robert Iredell, also a journalist of 
distinction, who was for many years at 
the head of the Norristown Herald and 
Free Press, a paper established in 1 796. 
Robert Iredell survived his son, Robert 
Iredell, Jr., being ninety-live years old at 
the time of the latter's death. Robert 
Iredell married Teressa Junes, a woman 
of marked ability along literary and ex- 
ecutive lines. She was a leading spirit 
in the large and patriotic assistance ren- 
dered to the families of soldiers at the 
front during the Civil War, and in the 
organized care given by the community 
to the sick and wounded soldiers who 
were brought to Norristown. Mr. and 
Mrs. Robert Iredell had six children, of 
whom one was Robert Iredell, Jr. 

To such an inheritance of ability and 
character, Robert Iredell, Jr., was born, 
at Norristown, in 1S44. He obtained 
good educational advantages, coming 
when a young boy under the influence of 
that distinguished educator and leader of 
public opinion, Samuel Aaron, at his 
seminary at Norristown. Many of the 
advanced views of this able man on 
questions of national import took deep 
root in the mind of the impressionable 
and enthusiastic lad, and found an echo 
many years after in the trenchant and 
patriotic editorials that came from his 
pen. His influence upon his community 
through the paper known as the Chron- 
icle and News, of which he was founder 
and for nearly a quarter of a century 
publisher and editor, was deep and up- 
lifting. His paper always stood for the 

highest in every department of the na- 
tional life, putting as it did the whole 
force of a weighty personality into many 
a struggle for amelioration of conditions. 

In turning aside to trace the influence 
of a great teacher upon a young man's 
career, note has been made of his life 
work. For this work he was fortunate 
in gaining the technical knowledge in its 
minutest details. The depletion of his 
father's office caused by the enlistment 
of many of his force for the struggle of 
the Civil War required his recall from 
school. In the printing house he thor- 
oughly mastered the printing trade, a 
fact that was of the greatest value to him 
in his later journalistic work. In 1862 
he responded to an emergency call and 
enlisted in the State militia in order to 
repel the invasion of the Confederate 
troops into Pennsylvania. He became a 
member of Company D, Eleventh Regi- 
ment Pennsylvania Militia, under Cap- 
tain William H. Cook and Colonel 
Charles A. Knoderer. The regiment was 
in service but a short time, and Mr. Ire- 
dell then returned to the journalistic 
work to which he gave the rest of his 

In 1870 Mr. Iredell disposed of his in- 
terest in the Norristown Herald, and 
moved to Allentown, where he purchased 
the Lehigh Register, a weekly. He also 
bought the Lehigh Patriot, a German 
weekly, the Daily Chronicle and the 
Daily News, which were merged into one 
paper, the Chronicle and News, which 
was founded in 1870, and which is now 
the only Republican organ in Lehigh 
county. In 1870 Mr. Iredell was ap- 
pointed bank assessor by Governor Ilart- 
ranft, and was for nine years postmaster 
of Allentown. Mr. Iredell was one of 
the leaders of the Republican party in 
Lehigh county, and one of the organizers 
and first secretary of the Livingston 

He married, in 1870, Mathilde von 


Tagen, who was a leader in the society 
of Allentown, and also widely known as 
a club woman. She was a prominent 
member of the Daughters of the Ameri- 
can Revolution, and was for several 
terms a regent of Liberty Bell Chapter, 
of Allentown. Six children were born 
to them, of whom four survive. Mrs. 
Iredell died February 22, 1907. 

Rodney Rodgers, son of Robert Ire- 
dell, Jr., and his wife, Mathilde von 
Tagen, was born at Allentown, Pennsyl- 
vania, October 1, 1883. His school ad- 
vantages have been excellent, a broad 
and varied foundation having been laid 
for the diversified needs of a journalistic 
career. He attended first the Muhlen- 
berg Preparatory School, and then took 
the course of study prescribed at the 
Allentown High School, going then to 
the famous Lawrenceville School, which 
follows so closely the lines of the great 
public schools of England. He also 
worked in the commercial classes of 
Drexel Institute, Philadelphia. 

His business career began with his en- 
tering the office of the "Chronicle and 
News" of Allentown, the paper founded 
in 1870 by his father, and of which he is 
now part owner. On this paper he served 
in almost every possible capacity, and 
learned the newspaper business from the 
ground up. He served as reporter, proof- 
reader, sporting and dramatic editor, and 
as musical critic. Upon the death of his 
brother, Lloyd Jones Iredell, in January, 
1911, Mr. Iredell became the business 
manager of the paper. In March, 1912, 
the business was incorporated under the 
name of the Chronicle & News Publish- 
ing Company, at which time Mr. Iredell 
was elected president of the company, an 
office he holds up to the present day. 
Mr. Iredell is Republican in political 
sympathies, and in religious affiliations 
is an Episcopalian. He is a member of 
the Livingston Club, and of the Lehigh 
Country Club. 

He married, June 1, 191 1, in Allen- 
town, Kathleen, daughter of George 
Weaver and Alary L. Seagraves. 

PORTER, William H., 

Journalist, Physician. 

It is entirely within the province of 
true history to commemorate and per- 
petuate the lives and character, the 
achievements and honor of the illustrious 
sons of the State. High on the roll of 
those whose efforts have made the history 
of medicine in Beaver county, Pennsyl- 
vania, a work of fame, appears the name 
of Dr. William II. Porter, who for the 
past fifteen years has been numbered 
among the medical practitioners at Beav- 
er. Dr. Porter is strictly a self-made 
man, his education having been obtained 
through his own well directed endeavors. 
In addition to the work of his profession, 
he is deeply interested in the business 
progress of this State. He has extensive 
real estate holdings in Beaver and Beaver 
county, and is the owner of valuable coal 
lands in West Virginia. He is an active 
participant in public affairs, though not 
an office-seeker, his intrinsic loyalty to all 
matters affecting the good of the general 
welfare having ever been of the most in- 
sistent order. 

February 19, 1861, at Markle, West- 
moreland county, Pennsylvania, occurred 
the birth of Dr. William Henry Porter, 
who is a son of Jacob and Catherine 
(Bair) Porter, the former of whom was 
a farmer by occupation. Dr. Porter was 
reared to adult age on the old homestead 
farm, in the work and management of 
which he early began to assist his father. 
At the age of sixteen years, after com- 
pleting the curriculum of the district 
schools, he entered Markle Academy, 
which he attended for the ensuing two 
years, at the expiration of which he be- 
gan to teach school in Armstrong coun- 
ty. He was a popular and successful 



teacher for a period of three years, and 
during the summer months of that time 
he taught in Markle Academy. In 1882 
he accepted a position as manager of a 
mercantile house in Markle, the same be- 
ing owned by S. W. Nelson & Company, 
and lie continued incumbent of that po- 
sition for nine and a half years. In 1891 
he came to Beaver, where he entered into 
a partnership alliance with John A. Mel- 
lon to conduct the Daily Star, successor 
of the Globe-Star, a weekly Democratic 
paper. Dr. Porter was manager of the 
Daily Star from September, 1S91, until 
1897, and during that time he was also a 
student in the University of Pennsyl- 
vania, in the medical department of 
which excellent institution he was grad- 
uated in March, 1897, with the degree of 
Doctor of Medicine. He then retired 
from the newspaper business and initiated 
the active practice of his profession at 
Beaver, where he controls a large gen- 
eral and surgical practice, and where his 
success has been of the most gratifying 
order. He is the owner of considerable 
valuable property in Beaver and Beaver 
county, and also has coal interests in 
West Virginia. 

Dr. Porter has been twice married, his 
first marriage having been to Miss Emma 
E. Art man, a daughter of Michael and 
Rachel (Hill) Artman, whom he married 
in August, 1883. Four children were 
born to this union, namely: Lola, Ray- 
mond, Russell and Mabel ; all of whom 
are single and remain at the paternal 
home. March 30, 1904, Dr. Porter was 
united in marriage to Miss Isabella Rob- 
inson, who was born in Allegheny coun- 
ty, Pennsylvania, and who is a daughter 
of David and Susan (Morrison) Robin- 
son, prominent citizens of Thornhill, this 
State. The doctor has no children by 
this marriage. 

In politics Dr. Porter gives a stalwart 
allegiance to the principles and policies 
for which the Republican party stands 

sponsor, and in a fraternal way he is af- 
filiated with the Benevolent and Protec- 
tive Order of Elks, the Woodmen of the 
World, and the Masonic order. In con- 
nection with his professional work he is 
connected with several medical organi- 
zations of representative character, and 
as a citizen he is a man of mark in all 
the relations of life. 

HALL, Robert Calvin, 

Financier, Man of Affairs. 

Pittsburgh — that acme of activity, that 
city which is more than a city — has been 
made what she is by the aggressive 
methods of her business men. More po- 
tent even than the inestimable treasures 
bestowed by nature upon this wonder- 
ful region has been the brain-power of 
its mighty workers. A leader among 
those who now sustain and promote the 
city's financial prestige is Robert C. 
Hall, capitalist, and for many years iden- 
tified with the most vital interests of the 
Iron City. 

Robert Calvin Hall was born at Cleve- 
land, Ohio, September 3, 1865, son of 
Henry Martyn and Abbey (Hubbell) 
Hall, both born and reared in New York- 
City. His father was a merchant. His 
grandfather Hall was a New York ship- 
ping merchant, and his grandfather Hub- 
ell a New York lawyer, a fact which may 
explain the combination of business in- 
stinct and the quick insight into the 
legal phases of business affairs which 
Mr. Hall possesses. He is of the eighth 
generation in America on all four lines 
of descent of the New England ancestry. 

He received his literary and scientific 
education at the high school in Titusville, 
Pennsylvania. Mr. Hall's first business 
occupation was as an assistant in his 
father's general store. Later for ten 
years he was actively engaged in pipe- 
line construction work for the Standard 
Oil Company. His early experience 



brought him into mercantile touch with 
manufacturers all through the Pittsburgh 
section, while the latter widened and 
broadened this early training. He is, 
however, essentially of a constructive 
temperament, with a strong desire always 
to undertake and develop situations and 
conditions in embryo or undertone, and 
place them where they belong. This Mr. 
Hall has done in a number of notable in- 
stances in the Iron City and vicinity in 
recent years. For a number of years he 
has been in the brokerage business, and 
is recognized as a wise adviser, his rep- 
utation being such that he can refer his 
patrons with confidence to any bank in 

With many of Pittsburgh's large busi- 
ness concerns Mr. Hall is actively asso- 
ciated, and is recognized as a dominant 
factor in business and financial circles. 
He was originator of the Duquesne Light 
Company; is treasurer of the Pittsburgh 
and Allegheny Telephone Company, 
member and former president of the Pitts- 
burg Stock Exchange; and active in a 
number of other enterprises. He is a 
large holder of Fourth Avenue real es- 
tate, and one of the builders and owners 
of the famous "Bellefield Dwellings," 
said to be the finest apartment house in 

Seldom is it that a man as active and 
successful in business as Mr. Hall takes 
the keen and helpful interest in civic af- 
fairs to which his record bears testimony. 
A man of action rather than words, he 
demonstrates his public spirit by actual 
achievements which advance the prestige 
and wealth of the community, and is ever 
read} to respond to any deserving call 
made upon him. He has a farm and 
country residence at Aspinwall, Pennsyl- 
vania, where he delights to give the 
pleasure of out-of-doors to many friends, 
and he appreciates boys and girls. The 
liberal views and genial personality of 
Mr. Hall have drawn around him a large 

circle of friends, and he is one of the city's 
most prominent clubmen, belonging to 
the Union Club, the Pittsburgh Country 
Club, the Pittsburgh Chamber of Com- 
merce, the Sons of the Revolution, and 
several others. Politically, he is allied 
with the Republican party, but at all 
times is an independent freelance. With 
all his strenuous duties, Mr. Hall finds 
time to devote considerable attention to 
the esthetic side of life and its refining 
influences, and is the possessor of one of 
the most valuable private collections of. 
art in Pittsburgh, numbered among 
which is the world-famed painting, "The 
Bath." by a celebrated French artist, 
which took the first prize of $1,500 and a 
gold medal at the hands of the interna- 
tional jury of artists at the International 
Art Exhibit on the occasion of the dedi- 
cation of the great Carnegie Institute in 

Mr. Hall married, at Oakland, Mary- 
land, August 7, 1897, Miss Frances P., 
daughter of Captain John M. and Anna 
(Pearson) Clapp, of Washington, D. C, 
and they are the parents of the following 
children: Pearson Hall, Rosalie Good- 
man Hall, and Frances Ross Hall. Mr. 
and Mrs. Hall are extremely popular in 
the social circles of Pittsburgh, and their 
charming home, "Ross Mansion," at 
Aspinwall, Pennsylvania, is the seat of 
a gracious and refined hospitality. 

Mr. Hall's personal appearance is an 
index to his character, giving the impres- 
sion of intense vitality and alertness, 
while the keen yet kindly eyes indicate 
penetrating observation and withal a lov- 
able and magnetic nature — a fact which 
goes far to account for the uniform suc- 
cess of his undertakings. He is one of 
the men who count in great cities, for 
the reason that they are the men who 
help to make them. It is men like Rob- 
ert C. Hall who are "Makers of Pitts- 


GREENE, Stephen, 

Journalist, Financier. 

Philadelphia may be considered the 
birth-place of the printer's art in Amer- 
ica, and no part of our country has pro- 
duced greater men who could be properly 
styled printers. The art here found early 
favor, and great mercantile printing 
houses, as well as great publishers of 
world-wide reputation, have made Phil- 
adelphia the seat of their operations. 
From among many men famous for their 
connection with the printing business in 
Philadelphia, the life of Stephen Greene 
is chosen, of whom it has been said: 
"Stephen Greene needs no monument of 
marble to perpetuate his memory, the 
recollection of his life of honor and use- 
fulness and of his kind and charitable na- 
ture being his most fitting memorial." His 
life should prove an inspiration to every 
ambitious young man, showing, as it 
does, what can be accomplished by a 
clean living boy and man with a high 

Stephen Greene sprang from an hon- 
ored English ancestry, early settlers in 
the American colonies. A branch settled 

decided to become a printer. His first 
position was with the "Pennsylvania In- 
telligencer," at Harrisburg, entering the 
printing department of that paper in 
October, 1847, being then sixteen years 
of age. He remained there one year, then 
going to the "Columbia Spy," published 
at Columbia, Pennsylvania. In July, 
1849, he came to Philadelphia, destined 
to be the scene of his future activity, and 
since 1858 his business life has been part 
of the history of Philadelphia. His first 
position in the city was as compositor in 
the office of William S. Young, on Sixth 
street, below Arch, working there during 
the daytime, and at night working as a 
substitute in the office of "The Daily 
News," then published on Third street, 
below Chestnut. He remained in Phila- 
delphia only until the fall of 1849, then 
returned to Columbia as manager of the 
mechanical department of "The Spy." 
This position he occupied almost contin- 
uously until April, 1853, when he became 
one of the proprietors. In 1855 he 
bought the interests of his partners, be- 
coming sole owner and editor. He con- 
tinued the publication of "The Spy" until 
1856, when he sold out, and in 1858 he 

Bainbridge, Chenango county, New again came to Philadelphia, for the next 

York, where he was born September 25, 
1831. Three years later his parents 
moved to Pennsylvania, therefore he 
may be considered altogether a Penn- 
sylvanian. He began his public school 
education in 1836; just one year after 
the public school system of Pennsylvania 
was organized. The family home was 
in Lancaster county, the schools he at- 
tended being located in Marietta, Colum- 
bia and Washington. He resided with 
his parents in Columbia, Pennsylvania, 
and during the summer months studied 
in private schools. In 1846 he left home, 
going to Hellam township, York county, 
where he taught a district school the fol- 
lowing winter. After giving serious 
thought to the question of a career, he 

half century destined to be the scene of 
his business activity. He organized the 
firm of Ringwalt & Brown, printers, at 
No. 34 South Third street, continuing an 
active member of that firm until i860, 
when he retired. In 1861 he became 
manager of the printing establishment of 
Henry C. Leisenring, at No. 32 South 
Third street, where he was in continu- 
ous service until 1871. His management 
of this office was marked by a greatly 
increased volume of business, necessitat- 
ing the firm's removal to more commod- 
ious quarters. Among the improvements 
he there introduced were presses for 
printing consecutively numbered local 
and coupon railroad and other tickets, 
the first ever used in Philadelphia. In 


<ZCgYy s/r^^f Y&U^X? 


1871 Mr. Greene resigned to become a 
member of the printing firm of Helfen- 
stein, Lewis & Greene. After ten years 
of successful business he purchased his 
partners' interests and in April, 1881, be- 
came sole proprietor. In 1900, the busi- 
ness, having so expanded, was incorpor- 
ated as the Stephen Greene Company, 
with Stephen Greene as president, a po- 
sition he held until his death. In 1902 
a large new plant was erected at Six- 
teenth and Arch streets, where the busi- 
ness is still continued, with Dr. William 
II. Greene, president. Thus for a half 
century Mr. Greene was connected with 
the printing business in Philadelphia, and 
for sixty-one years with the same busi- 
ness, from printer's boy to president. 
He was an untiring, energetic man of 
business, and his one constant ambition 
was to elevate the standard of all classes 
of printing and foster a correct taste. To 
this end he eagerly sought and installed 
the most improved modern machinery or 
device, succeeding in placing the Stephen 
Greene Company in the front rank of 
modern printing establishments. As an 
executive officer he was of the highest 
class, and successfully managed the busi- 
ness affairs of his corporation. 

Nor were his business activities 
bounded by the affairs of his own com- 
pany. He was one of the directors of the 
West End Trust Company, and filled a 
similar position in the directorate of 
other business corporations of Philadel- 
phia. He also was deeply interested in 
the upbuilding of W'enonah, New Jersey, 
where he had large property interests. 
But Mr. Greene must not be considered 
only as a successful business man, as 
there was an entirely opposite side to his 
character. He realized to the full his 
duty and obligation to his fellow man, 
and was always ready and willing to aid 
and impart information to others, mak- 
ing friends with all his business asso- 
ciates, and was ever held in the highest 

respect by competitors in business. To 
church, technical and philanthropic in- 
stitutions, he gave freely of his time and 
means. He was for many years a mem- 
ber of the Franklin Institute, and served 
on its board of managers, and for sev- 
eral years as president of the board. For 
several years prior to his death he was 
president of the Methodist Episcopal 
Hospital, and gave most generously to 
its support. His interest in the educa- 
tion of the young was intense ; he was a 
warm and generous friend of the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, and assisted 
many young people to obtain an educa- 
tion. His interest in this line was par- 
ticularly noticeable at Wenonah where he 
founded the now prosperous Wenonah 
Military Academy. He also gave the 
ground and built the Methodist Episco- 
pal Church at Wenonah, his wife being 
a devoted member of that church, which 
he ever generously supported. He held 
membership in the Academy of Natural 
Science, the Historical Society of Penn- 
sylvania, the Union League Club, the 
Manufacturers' Club, and was a promi- 
nent member of the Masonic order. In 
religious faith, Mr. Greene was an Epis- 
copalian. After his removal to German- 
town in 1890, both he and his wife be- 
came members of St. Peter's Protestant 
Episcopal Church, which he served as 
vestryman for twenty years and as rec- 
tor's warden for fifteen years. His re- 
ligion made all Christians his brethren, 
and creed was to him an affair for the in- 
dividual to settle. 

He married, in 1853, Martha Mifflin 
Houston, of Columbia, who survives him, 
a resident of Germantown. His family 
includes Dr. William Houston Greene, 
now president of the Stephen Greene 
Company, and five daughters. 

Stephen Greene died May 21, 1908, 
after a useful life of seventy-seven years. 
Briefly as Ins career has been traced, it 
reveals to the reader a well rounded life, 



full of effort, not for his own advance- 
ment, but for the benefit of others. His 
quiet, kindly disposition attracted many 
personal friends, while his unostentatious 
charity, much of which will never be 
known, gave him a never-to-be-forgotten 
place in the hearts of those befriended. 
As a counselor he was wise, and to those 
seeking advice he gave freely from his 
experience and matured judgment. Both 
individual and corporate interests were 
benefited by intercourse with him. His 
nature was deeply religious, and his 
love for his Master was made manifest by 
his thought for and helpfulness toward 
his fellow men. His ideals were high, 
and his strivings earnest and constant to 
attain higher Christian living. He real- 
ized the shortcomings of human nature, 
and, in seeking to stimulate others to 
higher and better living, strengthened his 
own character, and thus more nearly at- 
tained his ideals. In an age of fierce 
business competition and often destruc- 
tive warfare between rivals, he set an ex- 
ample of fairness and respect for the 
rights of others that is pleasant to con- 
template. True indeed is it that "Stephen 
Greene needs no monument of marble to 
perpetuate his memory." His life was a 
successful one, from whatever point it is 
viewed, and of him may it be said most 
appropriately : "Though dead, he speak- 

GREENE, William Houston, 

Scientist, Author. 

As president of the Stephen Greene 
Company of Philadelphia, Dr. Greene 
manages a business founded many years 
ago by his honored father, Stephen 
Greene, whom he succeeded in office. 
Although now at the head of a success- 
ful mercantile corporation, his training 
was entirely professional, and until 1892 
he was known as an educator and au- 

thority in the world of chemistry, where- 
in he had gained an assured standing. 

William Houston Greene, only son of 
Stephen and Martha Mifflin (Houston) 
Greene, was born in Columbia, Pennsyl- 
vania, December 30, 1853. His early ed- 
ucation was obtained in the public 
schools and Central High School in 
Philadelphia, whence he was graduated 
in July, 1870, with the degree of B. A., 
taking third honors in his class. He de- 
cided on the profession of medicine, and 
entered Jefferson Medical College, 
whence he was graduated M. D., class of 
1873. He had from youth taken a deep 
interest in the study of chemistry, and 
while taking his medical course and un- 
til 1877 was assistant to B. Howard 
Rand, Professor of Chemistry at Jeffer- 
son Medical College. From 1875 to 1877 
Dr. Greene was Demonstrator of Chem- 
istry in the same college. He did not 
practice his profession, but in 1877 went 
abroad and for two years engaged in 
original research and investigation in the 
laboratory of Adolphe Wurtz in Paris, 
later following the same line of profes- 
sional work in a private Philadelphia 
laboratory. In 1879 and 1880 he was 
Demonstrator of Chemistry in the Medi- 
cal Department of the University of 
Pennsylvania. In 1880 he became Pro- 
fessor of Chemistry in Central High 
School, a position he held until 1892, 
when he became associated in business 
with his father, whom he succeeded in 
1908 as president of the Stephen Greene 
Company, printers, at Sixteenth and 
Arch streets, Philadelphia, a commercial 
printing firm of the highest standing, in- 
corporated in 1900, but established in 
1871 as Helfenstein, Lewis & Greene, 
later owned entirely by Stephen Greene, 
the first president of the Stephen Greene 

During the years devoted to chemical 
research, Dr. Greene published the re- 
sults obtained from his many investiga- 



tions in various journals devoted to med- 
icine and chemistry. Dr. Greene is the 
author of several text books which in 
their time were standard, and also trans- 
lated and edited, at the request of the 
author. Adolphe Wurtz, his "Elements 
de Chimie Moderne," and is the Ameri- 
can editor of Paul Berts' "First Steps 
in Scientific Knowledge." He is a fel- 
low of the Chemical Society (London), 
and a member of the American Philo- 
sophical Society, the Societe Chemique 
(Paris'), the Gesellschaft (Berlin), the 
American Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science, and The American Geo- 
graphical Society. 

In 1902, he married Sara Cavanaugh, 
of Philadelphia. They have one son, 
Stephen Greene Jr. 


Daniel Haddock, 

e Manufacturer. 

One hundred and thirty-five years have 
intervened since the name Carstairs was 
introduced to Philadelphia, but as early 
as 1650 the family was prominent among 
the extreme Covenanting Protestors of 
Scotland. Chief among them was Rev. 
William Carstairs, of the Scottish 
Church, friend of William, Prince of 
Orange, and Royal Chaplain of Scotland 
under both William I., King of England, 
and his successor, Queen Anne. 

The Philadelphia founder of the fam- 
ily came in 17S0, and as architect, build- 
er, statesman and humanitarian, attained 
unusual distinction. During the plague 
of yellow fever that ravaged Philadel- 
phia, he served with Stephen Girard as 
a member of the Board of Health, ap- 
pointed to make measures to suppress 
the disease, lie died July 28, 1830. His 
wife, Sarah Iluod, was widow of Joseph 

James, second son of Thomas and 
Sarah Carstairs, was born in Philadel- 
phia, December 9, 1789, died there Feb- 

ruary 3, 1875. He had a long connection 
with the Mechanics' Bank as cashier, 
continuing until 1834, when he engaged 
in business on Delaware avenue, above 
South street, as wholesale grocer and 
ship chandler. Philadelphia then was a 
very important shipping port, its 
wharves crowded with shipping engaged 
in deep-sea trade. The business of sup- 
plying these hundreds of ships with pro- 
visions and equipment was a large one, 
and James Carstairs had the greater part 
of their trade. He served the greater 
part of his adult life as a member of 
the Philadelphia School Board, and filled 
many other positions of trust. His wife, 
Sarah Britton Summers, was a daughter 
of Andrew Summers, a wealthy banker 
of Philadelphia, and an intimate friend 
of Robert Morris, the "Financier of the 
Revolution." Her mother was Helen 
Stewart, sister of Admiral Charles Ste- 
wart. Jerome Bonaparte, brother of the 
"Great Napoleon," was one of the ushers 
at the wedding of James Carstairs, and 
presented the bride with a gold chain of 
unusual length, which is still treasured 
in the family. 

James, fifth son of James Carstairs, 
was born in Philadelphia, March 13, 
1834, died there May 28, 1893. He en- 
gaged in mercantile life and was one of 
the prominent wholesale merchants of 
Philadelphia. He was senior member 
for many years of the firm of Carstairs, 
McCall & Company, and the active head 
at the time of his death. He married, 
March 22, i860, Mary White Haddock, 
born in Philadelphia, who still survives, 
a resident of the city of her birth. She 
is vice-president of the Presbyterian 
Orphanage, established by her mother; 
vice-president of the Bible Readers So- 
ciety ; manager of the Seaside Home at 
Cape May Point, New Jersey ; president 
of the Haddock Memorial Home for In- 
fants, endowed by her mother ; member 
of the Society of New England Women, 



of Philadelphia; and of other patriotic 
and social societies. 

Mrs. Mary White (Haddock) Car- 
stairs is a daughter of Daniel Haddock- 
Junior, who married Catherine Lucy 
Stevenson Shinn, daughter of John 
Shinn, Junior, of the prominent Shinn 
family of New Jersey, and his wife, Mary 
White, daughter of Dr. John White, the 
eminent Revolutionary surgeon. Daniel 
Haddock was a son of Daniel Haddock 
Senior, of Massachusetts, and his wife, 
Abigail Hazeltine, a great-great-great- 
granddaughter of Robert Hazeltine, who 
came from England to Rowley, Massa- 
chusetts, in 1638. The Hazeltines were 
prominent in every generation, and 
Thomas C. Hazeltine was an intimate 
friend of Thomas Jefferson. The family 
preserve much correspondence that 
passed between the two men, showing 
the extreme friendliness of their inter- 

Dr. John White, the maternal great- 
grandfather of Mary White (Haddock) 
Carstairs, was born in New York City, 
June 24, 1759, died in Philadelphia, July 
7, 1838. The following record of his 
service is taken from the manuscript of 
Dr. J. M. Toner in the Congressional 
Library : 

"John White, surgeon's mate, and subse- 
quently surgeon in the Revolutionary War, 
was born in the city of New York, in June, 
1-59. At the commencement of hostilities he 
was a student at Princeton College, N. J., but 
the excitement which followed the fight at 
Lexington, Massachusetts, April 19, 1775, ren- 
dered it impossible for him to apply his mind 
to study, and as most of the students shortly 
after dispersed, he moved to Philadelphia to 
enter upon the study of medicine. Shortly 
after the passage of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence by the Continental Congress, July 
4, 1776, John White joined a regiment of mi- 
litia commanded by Colonel Thomas Mc- 
Kean, afterwards Governor of Pennsylvania, 
and which was stationed for about three 
months at Amboy. Upon his return he was 
appointed surgeon's mate in the General Hos- 

pital at the 'Bettering House', in January, 
1777, continuing there during the ravages of 
jail or hospital fever introduced by the 
prisoners liberated from confinement in New 
York City. A grave form of dysentery also 
prevailed at this time among the men con- 
nected with the 'Flying Camp', and which 
proved fatal to numerous physicians and 
nurses. Dr. White was twice brought to 
death's door by hospital fever. 

"On the approach of the enemy to Philadel- 
phia, which they captured September 26, 1777, 
he was successively transferred to duty in the 
hospitals at Burlington, Princeton, New 
Brunswick, in New Jersey; and at Valley 
Forge, Yellow Springs, and Lightfoot's Barn, 
in Pennsylvania. After the evacuation of 
Philadelphia by the British, June 18, 1778, he 
was again ordered to the 'Bettering House'. 
During the period of his service there he had 
suffered much in his health from hard duty 
and disease, and his monthly pay, owing to 
the depreciation of the paper currency, was 
insufficient to clothe him. He left the hos- 
pital with the approbation of the commanding 
officer in August, 1779, to accept the appoint- 
ment of surgeon to the privateer Morning 
Star, commanded by Captain Gardner, in 
which he made two cruises in company with 
the elder Captain Decatur. Among the prizes 
taken by this privateer was a transport with 
Hessians, which had been cut off from the 
British fleet going into New York City. The 
vessel was sent to Egg Harbor. Shortly after 
this, John White was appointed surgeon to 
the Rising Sun, a twenty-gun ship built at 
Egg Harbor, and which was captured by the 
British frigate Medea, July 1, 1780. The 
Doctor was carried to South Carolina, where 
he was 'confined in the prison ship four 
months and then transferred with other sur- 
vivors to the Jersey prison-ship at New York 
City. In addition to the many cruelties in- 
flicted on the prisoners in that infamous 
prison ship, about 150 prisoners were mus- 
tered and selected under the pretence of being 
sent on board of a cartel for exchange, who 
were taken out at midnight to be distributed 
among a fleet of war vessels anchored near 
Sandy Hook, ready to sail. Dr. White, with 
twenty-seven others, was put on board the 
flag-ship London, ninety guns, and as soon as 
it was light they were ordered to assist at 
the windlass in weighing the anchor, which, 
if refused, punishment was threatened. In 
this emergency he addressed himself to the 
lieutenant in command, representing his unfit- 


liquors, No. 254 South Third street, and 
at his father's death succeeded him as 
senior member of the firm, and with his 
brother, John Hazeltine Carstairs, con- 
tinues the business established by their 
father. lie is a member of the Sons of 
the Revolution, deriving membership 
through the patriotic service of his ma- 
ternal ancester, Dr. John White, the 
Revolutionary surgeon of previous men- 
tion. His clubs are the Union League, 
Philadelphia Cricket, Germantown Cric- 
ket, Philadelphia Country and Racquet, 
all of Philadelphia, and the Maryland of 

Mr. Carstairs married (first) Novem- 
seven months in New York City, Dr. White ber 27, 1883, Louise Orne, born August 

4, 1862, daughter of Edward B. and Eliz- 
abeth (Boldin) Orne, of Philadelphia. 
He married (second) April 21, 1906, 
Viola Howard, daughter of Francis 
Howard of Boston. Children of first 
Elizabeth Boldin Carstairs, 

ness for such service, and the position he 
occupied, when captured, when after one 
night's detention he was returned to the old 
prison ship. 

"The British surgeons, to relieve themselves 
from a dangerous and disagreeable duty, pro- 
cured the attendance of American surgeons to 
wait on the sick, which appointment was duly 
accepted by them, as it included the privilege 
of a boat to go on board the hospital ships 
and occasionally on shore to obtain medicines 
and provisions for the sick. Dr. Nathan Dor- 
sty, a surgeon on board one of our captured 
frigates, who had been assigned by his cap- 
tors, to this duty, was exchanged, and the sub- 
ject of this sketch, Dr. John White, succeeded 
him after about four months' detention on the 
Jersey, in attendance on the sick American 
prisoners. After continuing a prisoner for 


was exchanged through the kind efforts 

After his release he returned to Phila- 
delphia and continued in the practice of 
medicine there until his death in his 
eightieth year 

marriage : 


lildren of James and Mary married, January 9, 1907, William Moore 

White (Haddock) Carstairs, all born in 
Philadelphia, are all living: Lucy Had- 
dock; Daniel Haddock, of whom further; 
John Hazeltine, of whom further; 
Charles Stewart, married Esther Holmes 
Haseltine; Emily Frances, married Wal- 
ton Ferguson, of Bridgeport, Connecti- 
cut; Mary White, married Stephen de 
Kosenko; Lena Farr, married (first) 
Francis A. Janney, (second) Mario Mon- 
tu, of Turin, Italy, where they reside; 
James (3), married Priscilla Moore Tay- 
lor, daughter of Matthew H. Taylor, of 
Erie, Pennsylvania, president of the 
Pittsburgh Coal Company. 

Daniel Haddock Carstairs, eldest son 
of James and Mary White (Haddock) 
Carstairs, was born in Philadelphia, Feb- 
ruary 7, 186-'. He was educated in the 
Few-Smith Academy, Philadelphia, 
whence he was graduated in 1879. He 
began business witli his father as mem- 
ber of Carstairs, McCall & Company, 
distillers of and wholesale dealers in 

Stewart (3rd) ; Mary Haddock Carstairs, 
married A. Huntington Lewis, of Syra- 
cuse, New York. 

CARSTAIRS, John Hazeltine, 

Large Manufacturer. 

John Hazeltine, second son of James 
and Mary White (Haddock) Carstairs, 
was born in Philadelphia, August 7, 
1863. He was educated in Philadelphia 
schools, and entered the firm of Car- 
stairs, McCall & Company, and with his 
brother, Daniel Haddock Carstairs, con- 
tinues the business established by their 
father. He also has other important 
business interests in Philadelphia. He 
derives membership in the Sons of the 
Revolution, from the patriotic service of 
his maternal ancestor, Dr. John White, 
the Revolutionary surgeon. He is a 
member of prominent Philadelphia clubs: 
Union League, Country, Racquet, Art, 
and Corinthian Yacht; the Maryland of 




Baltimore ; and Union League of New 
York. I lis Hazeltine's Massachusetts 
ancestry, tracing to 1638, gains him mem- 
bership in the New England Society. 

Mr. Carstairs married, April 30, 1884, 
Belle Wolf Wilson, daughter of Charles 
and Elizabeth (Wolf) Wilson, of Phila- 
delphia. Their only daughter and child 
is: Lorraine Wilson Carstairs. 

WARD, William. 

Ship-builder, Public Official. 

When the history of Pittsburgh and 
her public men shall have been written, 
its pages will bear no more illustrious 
name and record, no more distinguished 
career, than that of the late William Ward. 
If "biography is the home aspect of 
history," it is certainly within the prov- 
ince of true history to commemorate and 
perpetuate the lives of those men whose 
careers have been of signal usefulness and 
honor to the State and Nation, and in 
this connection it is not only compatible 
but absolutely imperative that mention 
be made of William Ward. 

William Ward was born in Philadel- 
phia, Pennsylvania, September 6, 1807. 
He was a son of John and Elizabeth 
(Harding) Ward, the former a native of 
Ireland. John Ward came to America 
when a young man, and in Eastern Penn- 
sylvania married Elizabeth Harding, 
who was of English birth and parentage. 
When William was a child, his father 
settled on Steubenville Pike, near Robin- 
son's Run, and carried on a farm; but 
later in life went to Washington, D. C, 
where he held a prominent official posi- 
tion up to the time of his death. His 
wife returned to Pittsburgh and died at 
the home of her son William. The other 
children were: Hugh Ward, who went 
south shottly after his marriage; Henry, 
who died in Washington; Catherine, wife 
of William Grimes, of Pittsburgh; Eliza, 
who married Mr. Mulholland, and lives 

in California; and Mary, who became 
the wife of Leonard Snyder. 

William Ward was reared on his 
father's farm, receiving his education 
from the country schools. In 1831 he 
removed to Pittsburgh, where he en- 
tered a shipyard, and became thoroughly 
versed in the trade of a shipwright. 
Anxious for knowledge and learning 
readily, he was able to add greatly to 
his store of useful information by 
extensive reading, and this habit was 
kept up throughout his life. He 
formed a partnership with John Speer, 
and built many of the larger steamers 
that plied the Allegheny, the Monon- 
gahela and Ohio rivers. Among the 
many boats sent out by Speer & Ward 
was the "New Castle," launched in 1836, 
the first vessel to successfully navigate 
the Allegheny river. In 1843 Captain 
Ward retired from the river, and began 
to invest largely in real estate. He was 
almost invariably successful in his trans- 
actions, and became one of the heaviest 
land-owners in Pittsburgh. His practi- 
cal sagacity made itself felt in the man- 
agement of civic affairs, to which he 
gave much attention, being deeply inter- 
ested in the welfare and progress of the 
city. His ripe and varied experience, his 
judicial mind and his careful observation 
rendered him the trusted counsellor of 
his friends at all times, and under all 
phases of their lives. His decisions, de- 
livered impartially, were always re- 
garded as just and equitable, and his 
opinions upon private matters and pub- 
lic interests were recognized to be pre- 
eminently wise, prudent and prophetic, 
and have been triumphantly verified by 
the issue of events. 

Captain Ward served twelve years in 
the City Council, being for eight years 
chairman of the street commissioners; 
and during this period he was also a 
member of the Board of Guardians of 
the Poor. Always interested in politics, 




he was justly proud of the fact that he 
was one of the delegates who organized 
the Republican party. About 1875 he 
founded and was made president of the 
Taxpayers' Union, an organization to 
prevent municipal extravagance. As a 
citizen, Captain Ward was universally 
esteemed, always sustaining the charac- 
ter of a true man. His business transac- 
tions were conducted on the principles 
of strict integrity; he fulfilled to the let- 
ter every trust committed to him; he 
was generous in his feelings and conduct 
towards all. He was a Universalist in 
religious belief. 

In the year 1831, Captain Ward mar- 
ried Isabella McCoy. Children by this 
marriage: John and Louise. After the 
death of his first wife, Captain Ward 
married Mary McCoy, her sister, by 
whom he had eight children : John, 
Madison, William, Blanche, Sally (Mrs. 
Thomas Fulton), Mary E. (Mrs. Thomas 
D. Hodkinson), all deceased; Louise, 
George, Leonore (Mrs. Jaspar Lawman), 
Matilda (Mrs. Isaac Whitaker). 

In the death of Captain William Ward, 
which occurred December 3, 1890, Pitts- 
burgh lost a man whose life was a happy 
illustration of the honors and rewards of 
business fidelity and industry, when 
combined with high principle and un- 
swerving integrity, he having accumu- 
lated property to the amount of three 
millions entirely through his own energy 
and talent. As a business man his char- 
acter was unclouded and unimpeachable. 
He had excellent judgment, and adhered 
with staunch consistency to sound, con- 
servative and unquestionable methods of 
finance. His name was known among 
the highest circles of the business world 
as that of a man who could be trusted 
and with whom it was a satisfaction to 
transact business. His private life was 
simple and unostentatious. He was in- 
terested in many charitable and benevo- 
lent enterprises, and liberal in his gifts 

along the lines of religious and philan- 
thropic effort. His life teaches the old 
and ever valuable lesson that true suc- 
cess comes only through tireless indus- 
try, guided and inspired by singleness of 
purpose. It emphasizes also the price- 
less value of unswerving loyalty to right, 
and the assured rewards of exemplary 
living. Fortunate, indeed, is the city that 
has such men as the late Captain Wil- 
liam Ward as its exemplars. 

SHENK, Harry Jacob, 

Merchant, Man of Affairs. 

Harry Jacob Shenk, junior partner in 
the well known drygoods firm of C. & 
H. J. Shenk, is one of the leading mer- 
chants of Lebanon, and is a man greatly 
interested in the progress and welfare 
of the city. He is a son of the late Henry 
Shenk, founder of the Shenk store, and 
was admitted into partnership with his 
uncle, Christian Shenk, after the latter 
had succeeded to the business. The 
junior partner has been well qualified 
to take upon himself the burden of en- 
larging the business by the introduction 
of many new lines, he having been con- 
nected with several of the largest and 
most extensive manufacturers of dress 
goods in the country, prior to his com- 
ing to Lebanon ; for he is not a native 
of this place, though his family has been 
established here for generations. 

He was born, August 18, 1870, in Phil- 
adelphia, where his father was then in 
business, and is a descendant of one of 
the oldest and most interesting families 
in this locality. John Shenk, or Schenck, 
as the name was originally spelled, the 
great-great-grandfather of Mr. Harry J. 
Shenk, was one of the first pioneers of 
Lebanon county, coming to this section 
some time previous to the Revolutionary 
War, and founding the Shenk homestead 
in Heidelberg township, Lebanon county, 
which place is now owned by Mr. Jo- 



seph Urubaker. The old mansion still 
stands, and is one of the finest resi- 
dences in the valley. The original name 
of the place, which is situated some seven 
miles southeast of the city of Lebanon, 
was Buffalo Springs. The family traces 
its ancestry to Holland, the first immi- 
grants to this country coming over dur- 
ing the seventeenth century. 

John Shenk's son Joseph, born October 
12, 1779, was one of the earliest Lebanon 
county farmers. He married, October 
17, 1802, Fannie Ober, of Mastersonville, 
Lancaster county, and they had eighteen 
children, namely: John, Barbara, Jacob, 
Elizabeth, Henry, Mary, Fannie, Joseph, 
Mary, Molly, Catherine, Anna, Rebecca, 
John, Sarah, Lydia, Susanna, and one 
unnamed. At the death of Mrs. Shenk, 
April 23, 1856, there were living eighty 
grandchildren and thirty-two great- 
grandchildren. Of the children above 
named, the third child, Jacob, born in 
1806, became the father of Air. Henry 
Shenk. He was a resident of Lebanon 
county all his life, working hard upon 
the farm, and becoming in later years 
one of the successful and progressive 
farmers in this region. In early man- 
hood he married Magdalena Miller, and 
they had eiyht children : Henry, the 
father of the present Mr. Shenk; Joseph 
and Fannie, who are now deceased; 
John, also deceased, lived in Illinois; 
Christian, the senior member of the 

a prominent citizen and capitalist of 
Lebanon. He was born in 1847 on the 
old place in Heidelberg township, and 
was reared on the farm, receiving a good 
education. In 1868 he came to Lebanon 
and entered his brother's store, where he 
remained for a year. He then went west, 
and at Sterling, Illinois, became a mem- 
ber of the drygoods firm of Edson, 
Shenk & Martin. In 1873 he returned to 
Lebanon, became associated with his 
brother Christian in the drygoods, 
queensware and carpet business, and con- 
tinued thus for ten years when he dis- 
posed of his interest in the drygoods 
department. He became identified with 
many of the principal industries and en- 
terprises of Lebanon in various capaci- 
ties, as founder, director, or officer; was 
prominent in the Republican party, and 
was an important servant of the State 
in council and convention. He married 
Lydia, daughter of Daniel Stichter; they 
had one daughter who is now deceased. 
The mother also died many years ago. 

Henry Shenk, the eldest son of Jacob 
Shenk and the father of Mr. Harry J. 
Shenk, remained 011 the farm until he was 
eighteen years of age, receiving an ex- 
cellent education in the public schools 
and doing good work at home on the old 
place. He entered business life as a 
clerk in a general store in Berks county, 
whither he went when he decided to 
make his own way in the world. He 

Shenk drygoods firm, in Lebanon ; Cath- was industrious, prudent and enterprising, 

erine, who is married to Abraham Ober 
holtzer, of Lebanon; Jacob M., who is 
living in retirement in Lebanon ; and 
Michael, the youngest, who is also liv- 
ing in this city. Jacob Shenk, the father 
of these children, who died in the year 
1874, was a man of great ability and a 
member of the Republican party. He be- 
longed to the Reformed Church and was 
an upright man and Christian gentle- 
man. Jacob M, Shenk, the next to the 
youngest son, before his retirement was 

and by hard work and economy was en- 
abled to save about three hundred dollars 
during the period in which he was thus 
engaged. In 185 1 he used this capital 
in opening a store for himself at Ham- 
lin, in Lebanon county, which he very 
successfully conducted for about six 
years. He then sold out and came to 
Lebanon, where he engaged as a clerk 
with George & Pile, and continued with 
them for about two years. In 1859, how- 
ever, he again went into business lor 




himself, purchasing the stock of Reizen- 
stein & Brother, and opening a clothing 
store. After conducting this business 
for three years, he sold out his stock of 
clothing, and established a drygoods 
store, which he conducted very success- 
fully for a while and then sold out to 
his brother Christian, who had been as- 
sociated with him in the business for 
several years. 

Henry Shenk then removed to Phila- 
delphia and became connected with the 
firm of Hood, Bonbright & Company, 
and so remunerative and congenial was 
this engagement that he remained with 
the firm for ten years. At the end of 
this time, having accumulated consider- 
able capital, he associated himself with 
a Mr. Hall, and opened a wholesale dry 
goods store in Philadelphia, under the 
name of Hall, Shenk & Company. For 
eight years he continued in this business, 
which proved a successful one, and then 
he retired from active life altogether, re- 
turning to Lebanon, where he passed his 
remaining years. He became prominent 
in public life here and was always in- 
terested in the progress and betterment 
of the city. He died on December 23, 
1903, greatly beloved and respected. In 
January, 185 1, about the time that Mr. 
Henry Shenk first went into business 
for himself in Hamlin, Lebanon county, 
he was married to Elizabeth, daughter 
of Henry Gruh, a resident of the same 
county. She was born in 1830, and died 
in 1896; having four children, three of 
whom grew to maturity. They were 
Mary and Catherine, now deceased ; and 
Harry Jacob, the present junior partner 
of the Shenk dry goods firm. Henry 
Shenk was a member of the old Lutheran 
church at Lebanon, was a Republican in 
his political views, and a member of the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows. He 
was an exceptionally well preserved man 
for his years, and possessed a remark- 
able memory to the last. 

Harry Jacob Shenk, wdio was born 
during his father's sojourn in Philadel- 
phia, received his education in the pub- 
lic schools there, and afterwards at- 
tended Pierce's Business College. After 
the completion of his studies he entered 
the dry goods business, and was con- 
nected with some of the leading manu- 
facturers of dress trimmings. The ex- 
perience which he acquired in his deal- 
ings with the great mercantile establish- 
ments in the country admirably equipped 
him to handle the retail end of the busi- 
ness when, in the year 1901, he was taken 
into partnership by his uncle, Christian 
Shenk, who had succeeded to the estab- 
lishment in Lebanon. The name of the 
firm then changed to C. and H. J. Shenk, 
the business was revivified, several de- 
partments were enlarged, and from then 
onward the store has been conducted 
along the latest lines, and so successfully 
that it furnishes a most favorable com- 
parison with the larger metropolitan con- 

Christian Shenk, the present senior 
member of the firm, is a younger brother 
of the late Henry Shenk, having been 
born in the year 1836, at the old Shenk 
homestead. His earlier education at the 
schools of the district, the State Normal 
School at Millersville, and a private 
school at Hagerstown, Maryland, was 
supplemented by a course at the Busi- 
ness College of Poughkeepsie, New 
York. After this, in 1864, he became a 
salesman for the Philadelphia firm of 
Riddle, Gill & Company, and then be- 
came connected with Hood, Bonbright & 
Company, of the same city. In 1869 he 
returned to Lebanon, and entered his 
brother's store, was taken into the busi- 
ness in 187 1, and shortly afterwards be- 
came the sole proprietor, when Henry 
Shenk removed to Philadelphia. He con- 
ducted the store alone until the year 
1901, when Harry J. Shenk was taken 
into the partnership. Christian Shenk 



has been very active in local affairs out- 
side of his business duties, and has been 
at various times closely associated with 
many of the leading- enterprises of the 
city. He is. a member of the Grand 
Arm\' of the Republic, the Lebanon 
County Historical Society, the Pennsyl- 
vania German Society, etc., and is a di- 
rector of the Pennsylvania Chautatiqua. 
He is also a trustee and member of St. 
John's Reformed Church. As a mer- 
chant and business man he has been in 
the front rank of Lebanon's most dis- 
tinguished citizens. 

Upon Mr. Harry J. Shenk's active en- 
trance into the firm the business was con- 
ducted with new impetus. His popu- 
larity in the community, of which the 
family have been members for so many 
years, is due as much to his own per- 
sonality as to traditional feeling, and the 
patronage of the store has been largely 
increased. The excellent reputation 
which the firm has enjoyed in this and 
adjoining counties has been greatly ad- 
vanced, and additional stability bestowed 
upon the oldest and most prominent dry 
goods firm in this city. In addition to 
his reputation as an enterprising busi- 
ness man, Harry J. Shenk has acquired 
eminence in public, civic and social af- 
fairs. He has the welfare of the city and 
community keenly at heart, and is a 
member of the Lebanon Business Men's 
Association, the Lebanon Board of 
Trade, and the Pennsylvania Chautau- 
qua, of the latter of which he is also 
treasurer and director. He is a member 
of the Lebanon County Historical Soci- 
ety, the Pennsylvania German Society, 
the Pennsylvania Society of New York, 
the Travelers Protective Association, and 
the Lebanon and Steitz clubs; also a 
director of the Lebanon Mutual Eire In- 
surance Company, and is serving in the 
city council and on the school board. 
Mr. Shenk is also a thirty-second degree 
Mason, belonging to the Mystic Shrine, 

the Odd Fellows, and the Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks, being a trustee 
of the latter. 

On November 16, 1802, Mr. Shenk 
was married in Philadelphia to Miss 
Sarah Elizabeth Beaumont Hempstead, 
daughter of Robert and Ida Elizabeth 
(McFadden) Beaumont. Mrs. Beau- 
mont later married De Los Balch Hemp- 
stead, and the daughter bore the sur- 
name of her step-father. Mr. and Mrs. 
Harry J. Shenk have three children, as 
follows: Henry De Los Shenk, born 
March II, 1895; Beatrice Elizabeth 
Shenk, born September 11, 1900; and 
Christine Ida Shenk, born January 10, 
1904. Mr. Shenk is an elder in the Salem 
Lutheran Church, his family all being 
members of St. John's Reformed Church. 
They occupy as well known and promi- 
nent a position in church and social cir- 
cles as does Mr. Shenk in business and 
commercial life. 

MILLER, John Henry, 

Financier, Insurance Underwriter. 

John Henry Miller, one of the public- 
spirited and prominent citizens of Leb- 
anon, has been in the insurance business 
in this city for the last fifty-two years, 
and is connected with almost all of the 
great fire insurance companies of the 
country. He is the city's chief authority 
upon all such matters, as he is indeed 
upon many other subjects and enter- 
prises, having been associated with the 
promotion and organization of a great 
number of the leading financial, indus- 
trial and social institutions of this place. 
His life has been influential anil helpful 
along many lines, and he has been ac- 
tively engaged in other interests prior to 
his connection with insurance matters, 
in all of which he has shown the capac- 
ity for mastery and successful adminis- 

Mr. Miller is the descendant of a long 




line of ancestors of German origin, the 
first of whom to come to this country was 
John Miller, who came from the Palatin- 
ate, on the Rhine, in the year 1729. He 
was one of a hundred and eighty passen- 
gers who sailed from Rotterdam in the 
ship "Mortonhouse," of which James 
Coultas was master. The vessel touched 
at Deal, England, and was cleared June 
21, 1729, arriving at Philadelphia in Aug- 
ust of the same year; on the nineteenth 
of this month the passengers signed a 
declaration of their allegiance to the King 
of England, George II. They settled 
among the Indians in the wilderness, 
about seventy-live miles west of Phila- 
delphia, in the section of the country 
now including Lebanon, Lancaster and 
Dauphin counties, Pennsylvania. The 
history of these Palatinates in Pennsyl- 
vania is of great interest and importance 
in the development of the country's 
many sided and cosmopolitan civiliza- 
tion, for they contributed to the sum- 
total of American citizenship a sober in- 
dustry, practical success and simple 
faith, which have made their names hon- 
ored and revered by the succeeding gen- 
erations, and at this day their descen- 
dants are to be found in all ranks and 
walks of life in this broad land. 

Daniel Miller, the first descendant of 
John Miller of whom there is record, 
was born May 19, 1 78 1 , in West Han- 
over township, Dauphin county, and died 
June 23, 1859. He was married to Cath- 
erine Ensminger, who was born Septem- 
ber 22, 1786, died September 7, 1861 ; and 
they had eleven children: John, Daniel, 
Henry. Elizabeth, Catherine, Peter, 
Mary, Adam, Susan, Christian, and 
David W. The family was large in size 
as well as in numbers, four of the sons 
being over six feet in height, and the 
daughters all tall women. It was also 
a remarkable family for longevity. 

The third son, Henry Miller, who af- 
terwards became the father of John 

Henry, was born March 31, 1810; and 
was in early life a millwright, but in 
later years a farmer, which vocation he 
adopted in order to secure employment 
for his children. He was a man of much 
influence in his community and one 
keenly interested in the political life of 
the nation. In politics he was at first 
a Whig, afterward becoming a Repub- 
lican, and at various times had the priv- 
ilege of voting for many of the great men 
of history. His first vote was cast for 
Henry Clay, in 1832; in 1840 he sup- 
ported General Harrison in his candi- 
dacy, and in 1888 voted for his grandson, 
Benjamin Harrison. In i860, he voted 
for Abraham Lincoln, and from that 
time cast his ballot for every Republi- 
can candidate up to the time of McKin- 
ley, for whom he voted in 1900. He 
was, in 1885, elected director of the poor 
in Lebanon county, being then seventy- 
five years of age. His death occurred 
April 25, 1903, when he was but a few 
years under the century mark, his long 
career covering a period of many changes 
in public and commercial life, and usher- 
ing in new eras of invention and dis- 
covery. His wife, to whom he was mar- 
ried on April 4, 1833, was a Miss Sabina 
Tittle; she was born September 14, 1812, 
and died May 3, 1883, being seventy-one 
years of age at the time of her death. 
Beside John Henry, the eldest son, there 
were the following children : Catherine 
Anna, Mary Anna, David W., twins who 
died young, Daniel, Sabina, Emma 
Lydia, Jeremiah, John Adam, and Jennie 
Frances. After his wife's death Mr. 
Henry Miller passed the remaining 
twenty years of his life in the old home 
with his two daughters, Emma and Mrs. 
Jennie F. Shaak, and there terminated his 
long and useful career. 

John Henry Miller was born March 3, 
1834, on the old Daniel Miller farm in 
South Annville township, Lebanon coun- 
ty, about two miles south of the town of 




Annville. His early boyhood days were 
passed on the farm, where he assisted 
his father, doing work also on other 
farm.-, in North and South Annville and 
in East Hanover townships. Meanwhile, 
he attended the common schools of Leb- 
anon county, and later entered the Ann- 
ville Academy. After the completion of 
his studies lie turned his attention to 
teaching, for which he found himself 
well qualified, although then only eigh- 
teen years of age. His first school was 
in Union district, after which he taught 
in North Annville, East Hanover and 
North Cornwall townships, completing 
five terms in all by adding two sessions 
in the city schools of Lebanon, to which 
place he came in 1858, teaching during 
1861 and 1862. He also entered mercan- 
tile business here, and, in 1860, became 
connected with general insurance, in 
which he has continued with success 
ever since. 

In i860 he became secretary of the 
Washington Mutual Fire Insurance 
Company, and was in that year one of 
the organizers of the Lebanon County 
Mutual Live Stock Insurance Company, 
and has served continuously as its sec- 
retary and treasurer. This company, 
which covers loss by death and theft, 
confines its operations entirely to this 
county and is therefore strictly local ; it 
is the oldest and most successful com- 
pany of its kind at present existing in 
Pennsylvania. Its president is Mr. C. V. 
Arnold, and of its original incorporators, 
who constituted its first board of direc- 
tors, Mr. Theodore B. Klein is the only 
one still living. Of the incorporators 
of the Washington Mutual Fire Insur- 
ance Company who served as the first 
board of managers and first officers, J. 
Henry Miller is the sole survivor. It is 
a purely mutual company, confining its 
operations strictly to Lebanon county, 
and has paid almost $225,000 to its 
policy-holders during the period of its 

existence, covering losses and damages 
by fire and lightning; and at present it 
has nearly $5,000,000 worth of insurance 
in force. 

The firm of J. Henry Miller & Com- 
pany, of which Mr. Miller is senior part- 
ner, is the largest and most reliable in- 
surance and real estate agency in Leb- 
anon, with handsome offices at No. 812 
Willow street. The assets of fire and 
liability companies represented are over 
$206,000,000, several of these companies 
having been continuously, for over a 
hundred years, in active and successful 
operation. Mr. Miller has been an in- 
fluential citizen in many other activities. 
In the year 1888 he assisted in organiz- 
ing the Lebanon Steam Company, and 
has been its treasurer continuously since 
its organization, and its secretary since 
1893. He was instrumental in organiz- 
ing the Lebanon Market House Com- 
pany in 1890, of which he has been sec- 
retary and treasurer, resigning this office 
January, 1912. As far back as the year 
1859 the Lebanon Cemetery Association 
claimed his attention and he assisted in 
its organization ; he was up to 1896 a di- 
rector, and its secretary. In the year 
1894 he became one of the organizers of 
the North Lebanon Shoe Factory, one 
of the city's successful industries, and 
has been its president from the begin- 
ning. The Lebanon County Trust Com- 
pany, of whose finance committee he is 
chairman, was one of the latest of his 
successful efforts at organization, his at- 
tention having been given to it in the 
year 1902, and he has been a director ol 
this institution ever since. 

As a patriot in the dark years of war- 
fare between the States, Mr. Miller has 
also served his country faithfully and 
well ; having been a corporal in Com- 
pany A, of the Eleventh Regiment of 
Pennsylvania Militia during that bitter 
period. He is now, and has been for 
years, prominently identified with the 



party of his political choice, in which he ancestors having been residents of Leb- 

has exercised a wise and judicious lead- 
ership. He has been ward assessor and 
collector of taxes, and represented the 
Republican party in the Pennsylvania 
Legislature in 1877 and 1878. He was 
in the Lebanon Council for two terms, 
when the borough government existed, 
and was president of the last council 
before the form of government was 
changed to that of the city, he being 
largely instrumental in bringing about 
that change. Mr. Miller has also been 
a member of the school board for a num- 
ber of terms, manifesting a deep interest 
in the educational affairs of the city. He 
has been interested in Odd Fellowship 
and was formerly a member of the A. 
C. U. W., though he is not now connected 
with any secret society. 

On August 17, 1855, he was married, 
at Lebanon, to Miss Rosanna Earley, 
a daughter of George and Catherine 
Earley, and a native of East Hanover, 
Dauphin county, Pennsylvania, where 
she was born March 17, 1834. Mr. and 
Mrs. Miller were the parents of the fol- 
lowing children: Luther Henry, born 
November 17, 1856, now deceased; Mary 
Alice, born November 23, 1858, now living 
at home; Charles Augustus, born Janu- 
ary 16, 1862, died at the age of thirteen 
months; Emma Elizabeth, born Septem- 
ber 10, 1864, married to John K. Royal, 
formerly city treasurer and now mayor 
of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, having 
three children: J. Douglas, Donald and 
Elizabeth Royal; Lincoln Earley, born 
June 12, 1866, who is now a dentist at 
Lebanon, Pennsylvania, married to Lulu 
Slike and has two daughters, Margaret 
and Rosanna; Rosanna Jane, born Au- 
gust 31, 1870, who married W. H. Clark, 
of Lebanon, and has one daughter, 
Kathryn Clark. 

Mr. Miller and his family have a wide 
circle of relatives in this community, his 

anon county for generations, and his 
father and grandfather both having left 
large families. David W. Miller, a 
younger brother, has been very active in 
the business and social life of Lebanon, a 
leader in its politics, and particularly in- 
terested in educational matters. He was 
for many years a teacher in the schools, 
fought during the Civil War in the 
Pennsylvania Volunteers, and was a 
member of the old firm, the Lebanon 
Lumber Company. This later became 
D. W. Miller & Company. David W. 
Miller died February, 1905, and the firm 
is now known as Miller Brothers, the 
partners having been David W. Miller's 
two sons, Dr. Charles Lincoln Miller, 
who died March, 191 1, and Harry Mich- 
ael Miller, they being nephews of Mr. 
John Henry Miller. Both have been 
prominent and enterprising citizens, Dr. 
Miller especially having distinguished 
himself in the practice of his profession 
before his identification with the lumber 
business. The family are all interested 
in public affairs and are estimable and 
leading citizens. 

Mr. John Henry Miller has been very 
active all his life in religious matters. 
During a period of forty-three years he 
was a prominent and influential member 
of Zion's Lutheran Church, and for twen- 
ty-seven years of this time was treas- 
urer of the congregation. He was also 
superintendent of the Sunday school of 
that church for many years. At present 
he is a member of the Old Salem Luth- 
eran Church, having charge of the home 
department and visitors' class in the Sun- 
day school, and taking a keen interest in 
its welfare. Indeed, in all of the activi- 
ties of his long and useful life he has 
done with all his might whatsoever his 
hands found to do, and at the present 
day there is no citizen of the community 
more respected or esteemed. 



WEIDMAN, Grant, 

Lawyer, Financier. 

Among the many lawyers of Lebanon, 
Pennsylvania, none holds a higher posi- 
tion in the public esteem than does Mr. 

the regiment under General Sullivan, 
when that celebrated Indian fighter made 
his famous campaign against the Indians 
in New York, and served gallantly on 
many occasions until his retirement from 
active service in 1781. He had also been 

Grant Weidman, whose ancestors, as far one of the noble band of patriots 

back as the days of the Revolution, 
when Captain John Weidman served gal- 
lantly as soldier in the army, and 
wisely as an associate judge upon the 
bench, have been both lawyers and patri- 
ots. Mr. Weidman follows along the 
same lines which his father, the late 
Grant Weidman Sr., adopted, continuing 
to a great extent in his policies. For 
over a century the individual members 
of this family have gone iri and out be- 

passed through the terrible winter of 
1778 at Valley Forge, sharing the hor- 
rors and privations of the War for In- 
dependence as well as its glory. He was 
an original member of the Society of the 

When the final victory was won and 
hostilities came to a close, Captain Weid- 
man resumed his commercial pursuits in 
Philadelphia for a while; and afterward 
returned to the neighborhood of his 
fore the people of Lebanon county, the birthplace, where he continued in busi- 
earlv members as well as those of later ness and was employed as a surveyor, 
date having been men of probity, who for which he was excellently fitted by 
lived upright lives in the midst of their education. In the year 1800, he came to 
fellow citizens and contributed to the Lebanon county, where he purchased the 
general good of the Commonwealth. Union Forge Estate which he conducted 

The first member of the family to come successfully for many years. For a 
to America was probably Christopher period of nine years, from 1821 to 1830, 
Weidman, a native of Switzerland, who he served as an Associate Judge, bring- 
settled in Warwick township, Lancaster ing into play his many rare gifts and fine 
county, Pennsylvania, during the middle judgment. He died, after a long and 
of the eighteenth century. His son, honorable career, on June 6, 1830, at his 
Captain John Weidman, of previous men- home in Lebanon. His wife was Miss 
tion, was born in Warwick township on Catherine Mason, of Philadelphia, whom 
June 4, 1756, and was brought up to he married, May 1, 1786. She was born 
commercial pursuits in Philadelphia, hav- on February 16, 1763, and died October 
ing received an excellent education for 8, 1794, in Lebanon, having been the 
those days. At the outbreak of the Rev- mother of four children: Elizabeth, 
olutionary War he was a staunch patriot Jacob Barge, John and Maria, 
and became an officer in one of the as- The eldest son, Jacob Barge Weidman, 

sociated battalions; he was commis- was born in Philadelphia, May 12, 1789. 
sioned as ensign on July 12, 1776, when He was reared in patriotic surroundings, 
Congress directed the organization of the at a time when the young country was 
German regiment. On May 14, 1777, he enthusiastic with its new gift of freedom, 
was promoted to the post of first lieuten- and the memory of his father's deeds was 

fresh in mind. His education was an 
excellent one, his father sending him first 
to the Latin school of James Rose, in 
Harrisburg, and then to Dickinson Col- 
lege, from which institution he was grad- 

ant, and began a career of active service, 
during which he was engaged in the bat- 
tles of Long Island, White Plains, Tren- 
ton. Princeton, Germantown, Monmouth 
and Newton. In 1779 he was adjutant of 



uated with honor. His attention was 
then turned to the law, which he studied 
under Samuel Laird, of Harrisburg, an 
eminent lawyer of that city, and in 
August, 1813, he was admitted to the 
Dauphin county bar. He at once settled 
in Lebanon, where the bar of the county 
had just been organized, with a mem- 
bership including such persons as James 
Hopkins, Thomas Elder, George Fisher, 
George H. Porter and James Buchanan, 
names which have since became world- 
renowned. Mr. Weidman immediately 
advanced to the front rank in this bril- 
liant company, and for forty years was 
regarded as one of the best lawyers in 
eastern Pennsylvania. He devoted his 
attention almost exclusively to his pro- 
fession, giving but little heed to politics, 
and upon one occasion only entering 
into active political life; this was when, 
in 1837, he became a delegate to the 
Pennsylvania State Constitutional Con- 
vention, contributing valuable services to 
that bod)-. He died at the height of his 
usefulness, March 5, 1857, after having 
been thrice married. His first wife was 
Miss Mary Murray, by whom he had two 
children, John and Sarah. His second 
wife was Miss Mary Eliza Morris of 
Philadelphia ; and his third wife was Miss 
Elizabeth C. Murray, of Harrisburg. 

John Weidman, son of Jacob B. and 
Mary (Murray) Weidman, was born 
August 25, 181 5, at Lebanon. Like his 
father, he received an excellent educa- 
tion, beginning at Lebanon Academy, 
and afterward attending Dickinson and 
Princeton colleges. He then took a 
course in medicine, studying under Dr. 
John B. Mish, and subsequently gradu- 
ated from the medical department of the 
University of Pennsylvania. He con- 
cluded, however, to turn his attention to 
the law, and, after studying under the 
direction of his father, was admitted to 
the Lebanon county bar in 1842, begin- 
ning the practice of his profession at 

Lebanon. In 1859 he was elected Dis- 
trict Attorney of Lebanon county, serv- 
ing one term, and before the Civil War 
was a brigadier-general of militia. At 
the outbreak of that war he became cap- 
tain of Company F, Fourth Pennsylvania 
Cavalry, and remained in the service, un- 
til his health became impaired and he was 
forced to resign. He returned home, but 
failed to recover, dying April 23, 1863. 
He was married in the year 1838 to Miss 
Emma Roberts Grant, of Melrose, New 
Jersey, and they had nine children as 
follows: Grant, John, Martha, Jacob 
Barge, Sarah Ann, Virginia, Emma R., 
James Buchanan, and Elizabeth Cook. 

The eldest son of the family, Grant 
Weidman, the first of that name, was 
born September 8, 1839, at Melrose, near 
Trenton, New Jersey. His early life was 
spent at home in Trenton, and when 
quite young he was sent by his father to 
boarding school, first attending a pre- 
paratory institution at Lititz, Pennsyl- 
vania, and afterwards schools in Bristol 
and Lawrenceville, New Jersey. He then 
entered Princeton University, having at- 
tained a high degree of scholarship, and 
was graduated from that institution in 
1859, after which he turned his attention 
to the law, as had his father and grand- 
father, like them manifesting an in- 
tense love of study and great powers of 
application, and he made rapid advance- 
ment under the guidance of his father, 
whose office he entered immediately upon 
graduating. On August 23, 1861, he was 
admitted to the bar of Lebanon county, 
and began practice at once, in the city 
of Lebanon. He was equally at home in 
all the county courts, but confined his 
attention as much as possible to civil 
cases, having a strong dislike of criminal 
practice; and soon established himself in 
the front ranks of the legal profession, 
reading industriously the while and mak- 
ing his knowledge of the profession 
more and more profound. His reputa- 





tion among his fellow practitioners for 
integrity was no less grounded than for 
ability and eloquence in the statement of 
a case, and a wide and sweeping grasp 
of its details and general bearing. 

Upon the outbreak of the Civil War, 
Mr. Grant Weidman Sr., enlisted at 
once in the state militia, and became sec- 
ond lieutenant of Company A, Eleventh 
Regiment, in 1862, afterward serving as 
major of the One Hundred and Seventy- 
third Pennsylvania Volunteers. In his 
political sentiments he was a member 
of the Democratic party, and was a del- 
egate to the National Convention in 1880, 
that nominated Winfield S. Hancock for 
the presidency. He became District At- 
torney, and was also nominated for Con- 
gress, but as the district was an over- 
whelmingly Republican one, he was de- 
feated ; he maintained, however, his ac- 
tivity in the service of his party and was 
able to accomplish much good work. He 
served as a member of the school board 
and in many directions manifested his 
zeal in the public welfare, being influ- 
ential in financial, commercial and in- 
dustrial enterprises, and a man of mark 
in the business world. At the time of 
his death, in 1895, he was president of the 
Lebanon National Bank, the largest in- 
stitution of the kind in the county ; was 
a director in a number of manufacturing 
and industrial concerns, and was a man- 
ager of the Good Samaritan Hospital. 

Mr. Weidman was greatly interested 
in Freemasonry, belonging to all the 
bodies of that order from the Blue Lodge 
upward; being a member of the Order of 
the Mystic Shrine and having held in 
1874 the office of grand commander of 
the Knights Templar of Pennsylvania. 
He was also treasurer of the State So- 
ciety of the Cincinnati, of which he was a 
member; and belonged to the Loyal 
Legion. According to the traditions of 

his fami 
ing a t 

he was a devout Lutheran, be- 
5tee in the church for many presi 

years, and holding a conspicuous place in 
the regard of the community. He was a 
man of rare and winning personality, 
kind and genial in disposition, eloquent 
and clever of speech, and having a won- 
derful command of language. He was 
generous and charitable to a fault, and 
found his chief delight in his home. His 
death occurred on November 11, 1895. 
He was married, at Harrisburg, Pennsyl- 
vania, on September 7, 1864, to Miss M. 
Elizabeth Henry, by whom he had the 
following children: John, deceased; 
Grant, the present lawyer; Mary Henry, 
who married Thomas T. Lineaweaver, 
of Lebanon; Ethel Roberts, married C. 
F. Schaefer, of Philadelphia; Sarah Eliz- 
abeth, married Warren G. Light, Esq., 
of Lebanon, Pennsylvania; Edward Ing- 
leton, deceased; and Christian Henry, 

Grant Weidman, Jr., the eldest living 
son of the deceased distinguished lawyer 
Grant Weidman, Sr., was born in Le- 
banon, September 3, 1868. He graduated 
from Lebanon High School in 1885, hav- 
ing primarily attended the public schools 
of the city; and then received instruc- 
tion at Lawrenceville, New Jersey, dur- 
ing the following year, in preparation for 
his entrance at Princeton University, 
where he was graduated in 1890. Turn- 
ing naturally to the profession of the 
law he acquired the necessary knowledge 
and training, and became an attorney in 
Lebanon. It was not difficult to follow 
in his father's footsteps, nor to continue 
the activities in which he had been en- 
gaged, so that within a short while Mr. 
Weidman has become a man of promi- 
nence in his profession. Like his father, 
he is also a member of the Democratic 
party, and in business circles has won 
for himself a position that may well be 
envied. He is a director in the Lebanon 
National Bank, of which his father was 
dent; and is solicitor for the Le- 




banon County Trust Company, in which 
he is also a member of the directorate. 

Air. Weidman has always manifested 
a strong interest in Freemasonry, and is 
a member of all the societies in Lebanon, 
in which he has become a past officer. 
He belongs also, by inheritance, to the 
Society of the Cincinnati, of Pennsyl- 
vania, of which he is secretary, and to the 
Loyal Legion; and is a member of the 
Steitz Club, a local organization, and of 
the Rittenhovise, Racquet and Princeton 
Clubs, of Philadelphia. He has not mar- 

GRIPP, John, 

Manufacturer, Public Official. 

The man who possesses, in combina- 
tion with business ability, the qualifica- 
tions essential for the successful admin- 
istration of public office, is rarely met 
with in any community. In the late John 
Gripp, Pittsburgh was fortunate to count 
among her citizens a man of this type. 
Mr. Gripp was the incumbent of many 
public positions which he filled with 
singular ability, and in his death his home 
city has sustained a well-nigh irrepar- 
able loss. 

John Gripp was born in Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania, July 28, 1856, his parents 
being John C. Gripp, who was a native 
of Germany, and Louisa Gripp, who was 
born in France. John C. Gripp, the 
father, was a boiler-maker in his town 
in Europe, and came to this country and 
entered the employ of the Pennsylvania 
Railroad Company in its shops at Pitts- 
burgh, as foreman, in which capacity he 
continued for several years, and then be- 
came foreman of the boiler works of 
Thorn & Company, at Pittsburgh. He 
remained there until his death, .March 
29, 1874. He was one of the best known 
artisans in that section of the country. 
He was actively connected with the 
Vigilant Volunteer Fire Company from 

its origin until the city of Pittsburgh 
established a paid fire department sys- 
tem. The Vigilant Volunteer Company 
brought the first Amoskeag steam en- 
gine to the city of Pittsburgh after its 
exhibit at the Paris Exposition. 

John Gripp's early education was re- 
ceived at a German Lutheran school, 
where he imbibed the doctrines of his 
parents, at the same time being fitted 
for an educational course in the secular 
schools. He entered the Grant Public 
School of the Third Ward, Pittsburgh, 
where he remained until he had received 
a complete common school education. 
He then entered the Pittsburgh High 
School, and while attending the junior 
class in the academic department, in 1874, 
he decided to leave school and enter busi- 
ness life. He began work in the office 
of Peter Kreuter, who was then alder- 
man of the Third Ward, Pittsburgh, 
and ex-officio justice of the peace of Alle- 
gheny county. He continued with him 
until his term expired, and then filled a 
similar position with John Burke, the 
alderman who followed, continuing there 
until 1882, when he resigned to accept a 
position as clerk in the registry depart- 
ment of the Pittsburgh postoffice, being 
afterwards made superintendent of the 
department. He remained there over a 
year, when he resigned to accept a posi- 
tion in the mayor's office, in 1884, as 
clerk to the mayor. He remained there 
for more than a year, until elected alder- 
man of the Third Ward, city of Pitts- 
burgh, which position he filled to the en- 
tire satisfaction of his constituents, be- 
ing twice re-elected. He held the office 
from the first Monday in May, 1885, un- 
til the 1st of January, 1897, when he re- 
signed to accept the office of Register of 
Wills and Clerk of the Orphans' Court 
of Allegheny county. Mr. Gripp's pub- 
lic service embraced not only the depart- 
mental work herein mentioned, but also 
the duties of deputy mayor during two 



terms, and of police magistrate during 
several terms. He was also a member 
of the Select Council of Pittsburgh from 
1883 to 1885. This, of itself, would be a 
fine record, but lie had other connections 
which demanded public attention just as 
strongly. He was a director of the Citi- 
zens' Traction Company and the Times 
Publishing Company, of Pittsburgh, and 
also (if the Keystone Pottery Company, of 
Rochester, Pennsylvania. In 1881 Mr. 
Gripp was elected secretary of the Re- 
publican County Committee of Allegheny 
county, and occupied the chairmanship 
for several years. He remained an officer 
of the committee in one capacity or an- 
other until his death, having been chair- 
man and secretary for a number of years 
of the Republican City Executive Com- 
mittee. He attended many of the State 
conventions, and played an important 
part in the affairs of the party by his 
counsel and advice at times of stress. 
He attended the Minneapolis National 
Convention which nominated Benjamin 
Harrison for president, and he also was 
a delegate to several State and National 
Republican League conventions. ' 

Unostentatious as he ever was, Mr. 
Gripp never failed, either in private or 
public life, to watch over the interests 
of the poor and to accord to the laborer 
his hire. Personally, he was a man who 
drew men to him, and his social popular- 
itv was \ ery great. In addition to his 
other business connections, Mr. Gripp 
found time to identify himself with sev- 
eral large industrial enterprises. One of 
these was the West Virginia Clay Manu- 
facturing Company, and in its affairs, as 
those of the Pittsburgh concerns, he was 
quite an aid towards establishing perma 

political career was one of the brightest 
in the history of the State. 

Mr. Gripp married, May I, 1884, Em- 
ma C, daughter of Christian and Cather- 
ine (Strohecker) Wack. The grandfather 
Strohecker came from Germany when he 
was about ten years of age, and lived in 
Beaver county; he was a member of the 
famous religious colony at a point on 
the Ohio river in Beaver county, Penn- 
sylvania. This society was founded by 
Father George Rapp in 1805, and was 
known as Harmony Society, and some- 
times called Economy. It was estab- 
lished by Germans as a colony. Here a 
goodly village was built, and various 
manufactures carried on extensively, in- 
cluding the manufacture of silk (the first 
made west of the Allegheny mountains), 
also cotton and woolen goods, wines, 
whisky and lumber. The tract of land 
owned by this colony comprised some 
four thousand acres. In 1831, "Count 
Maximilian De Leon" and his colony 
from Frankfort-on-the-Main united with 
this colony, but later withdrew and 
sought to establish a separate one, which 
failed in a year or so. These colonies 
were near the present town of Philips- 
burg, or Monaca, in Beaver county. 
Christian Wack married Catherine Stro- 
hecker, and they were the parents of four 
children, including Mrs. John Gripp. Mr. 
and Mrs. Gripp were the parents of two 
children : Corenna C. and Raymond 
Wack. Mr. Gripp was a man devoted to 
the ties of friendship and of family, and 
no one who had ever enjoyed the priv- 
ilege of his hospitality could fail to pro- 
nounce him the incomparable host. His 
death, which occurred December 16, 1898, 
deprived Pittsburgh of one who w; 

nent prosperity. In every field of labor splendid type of the broadminded Ameri 

he covered he showed the same deter- 
mination to succeed, backed by abilities 
which unfailingly advanced him to the 
goal of his ambition. It was generally 
said in Western Pennsvlvania that his 

can citizen, and of a business man who 
was in many respects a model, respected 
by his associates and beloved by his em- 
ployees. In his strict probity, his cour- 
age and fidelity to principle, he set an 


example worthy of emulation by every 
man who desires to achieve true and hon- 
orable success. 

When a man of John Gripp's excep- 
tional abilities and sterling worth of char- 
acter is removed in early middle life from 
the scene of his activities, we say, "How 
full of promise was the career thus ab- 
ruptly terminated !" Rather should we 
exclaim, "How rich in accomplishment 
was this comparatively brief life!" Had 
John Gripp been spared another quarter 
of a century, it is impossible to estimate 
what might have been his achievements, 
but in the contemplation of what he 
brought to pass in the comparatively few 
years allotted to him, we see that he left 
a record equalled by few who attained 
greater length of days, and surpassed by 
none of his own years. Such men are 
the especial glory of the American re- 

BROWN, Alexander P., 

Manufacturer, Man of Affairs. 

A notable figure in the business life of 
Philadelphia for many years was Alex- 
ander P. Brown. He was not only a 
leading spirit in the boot and shoe trade, 
but he was one of those public-spirited 
citizens who was not only always ready 
to lend himself to every cause to advance 
the interests of the community but whose 
services are constantly in demand because 
of his known ability to carry through to 
successful completion any project with 
which he was identified. 

Mr. Brown sprang from the sturdy 
stock of the Scotch-Irish, which for so 
many generations has been the backbone 
of American civilization. The paternal 
ancestor w*as John Brown, who lived at 
the time of the religious persecution in 
Scotland, and because of his opposition 
to the Papist tendencies of the house of 
Stuart was put to death at the hands of 
Claverhouse, May I, 1685, in the parish 

of Muirkirk. William Brown, father of 
Alexander P. Brown, married Jane Pat- 
terson, a lineal descendant of Alexander 
Patterson, who during the reign of 
George III. became proprietor of the 
mills in the Manor of Acton, county Ar- 
magh, Ireland, and in the early part of 
the nineteenth century emigrated to the 
United States. The estates passed into 
the hands of Colonel Close, of Drum- 
banagher, whose eldest son, Charles Max- 
well Close, was high sheriff of the coun- 
ty and sat in the House of Commons as 
one of the leaders of the Conservative 
party from Ulster province. William 
Brown settled in Philadelphia, where he 
died in 1887. His wife died in 1871. 

Alexander P. Brown, eldest son of Wil- 
liam Brown, was born in Philadelphia, 
June 3, 1839. Prior to the age of ten 
years he was a pupil of Miss Laughlin's 
private school. After this he went 
through the regular routine of schooling 
until he graduated from the Central High 
School at the age of eighteen. In i860 
he entered the employ of Hugh Barrett, 
a boot and shoe manufacturer, with whom 
he remained three years, thoroughly mas- 
tering every detail of the business, as 
well as the office methods employed. 
The knowledge thus acquired was sup- 
plemented in a most valuable way by the 
extensive business acquaintance formed 
throughout the West and South. In 
1870, with his brother, Clement M. 
Brown, he began the manufacture of 
boots and shoes in Philadelphia. Suc- 
cess attended their efforts from the start. 
They built up a strong demand for their 
goods, and after thirteen years of suc- 
cessful business as a manufacturer, Mr. 
Brown retired from the firm. 

Although Mr. Brown's business life 
was crowded with activity, he always 
found time to share the burdens of civic 
responsibility. At the time of the Chi- 
cago fire he took an active part in raising 
funds and hurrying supplies to the 



stricken city. At the Centennial of 1876 
it was Mr. Brown who formulated the 
plan for the boot and shoe men of the 
country to erect their own building, with 
the result that the fund was raised and 
the exhibit was the most unique and in- 
teresting ever before seen in the country. 
Moreover, it was the means of increasing 
the leather export trade from about $1,- 
000,000 to $11,000,000 annually. After 
the close of the Centennial, Mr. Brown 
was chosen a director of the Permanent 
Exhibition Company. 

There was one notable occasion that 
is quite worthy of mention over which 
Mr. Brown presided. It marked the for- 
mation of the National Association of 
the Boot and Shoe Manufacturers of the 
United States. It was a memorable time 
indeed. A banquet was given which was 
attended by many of the most celebrated 
men of that day, and it might be men- 
tioned here that the letters of acceptance 
and regrets of these notables, all ad- 
dressed to Mr. Brown, were carefully 
preserved by him and are now contained 
in a beautifully bound volume in the pos- 
session of the Historical Society of Penn< 

The very successful manner in which 
Mr. Brown conducted the whole af- 
fair is evident from the following ex- 
tract from the letter of a friend written 
after the day of the banquet: "More- 
over, at the risk of offending your char- 
acteristic modesty, I must tell you that 
the tact and discretion with which you 
presided over that imposing assemblage 
contributed materially to the success of 
the festival. You bore yourself like an 
old hand. I must congratulate you and 
your neighbors in the craft on the credit- 
able manner in which they have played 
the part of host to the shoe manufactur- 
ers of the United States, and the happy 
and auspicious circumstances under which 
the National Association has been born 
into the world"; and also a few words 

from a letter written by that noted states- 
man, the late Thomas F. Bayard, as fol- 
lows : "Reflection has not diminished 
my high opinion of the occasion, embel- 
lished as it was by luxury and good 

Space will not permit a record of the 
many achievements of Mr. Brown, whose 
services in the interest of many public 
functions were always in demand, but 
one more might be mentioned. It was 
the International Regatta held in 1876, 
the necessary funds for which were raised 
by Mr. Brown. Rowing crews from 
many countries came to Philadelphia for 
the event, and it was perhaps the most 
wonderful meet of its kind that was ever 
held. Over 300,000 people attended, and 
records were made at that time which 
have never been lowered down to the 
present day. 

Mr. Brown has never sought or ac- 
cepted public works, but has always been 
active in party work and frequently pre- 
sided in younger years at political meet- 
ings. He has always shrunk from pub- 
licity of any kind, but has never with- 
held his support from any worthy enter- 
prise that claimed his attention and there 
are many charitable institutions that en- 
joy his interest and generosity. He is a 
life member of the Pennsylvania Hospi- 
tal, of the Historical Society of Pennsyl- 
vania, a life member of the Young Men's 
Christian Association, the Society for 
Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, and 
also of a great number of other asso- 

The more recent years of his life have 
been devoted to extensive travel. Few 
men have visited as many countries of 
the world and made so close a study of 
the different conditions, nationalities and 
governments of men. His faith in our 
Republican system and institutions is 
abiding, and he believes that ours is the 
most perfect and enduring system for 
the government of man. 


COOPER, Thomas V., 

Soldier, Journalist, Legislator. 

While a branch of the Cooper family 
settled in Chester county, Pennsylvania, 
in 1075, the ancestors of this branch 
settled first in New England, where Wil- 
liam Cooper, an English emigrant, took 
part in King Philip's War. Later he 
came to New Jersey, where he owned a 
tract of land where now in part stands 
the city of Camden. His seven sons 
settled in the now States of New Jersey, 
Pennsylvania, Maryland and Georgia. 
One of these sons was the ancestor of 
James Fenimore Cooper, the noted au- 
thor; and from another sprang James 
Cooper, grandfather of Thomas V. 
Cooper, the patriotic journalist of Dela- 
ware county, Pennsylvania. 

James Cooper, born at Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania, was the son of a Revolu- 
tionary soldier who was an orderly under 
Washington, was promoted lieutenant, 
and after the war settled in Pittsburgh. 
When Lafayette visited Pittsburgh in 
1824, Lieutenant Cooper had the distinc- 
tion of being the oldest Revolutionary 
soldier present at the reception given the 
distinguished Frenchman. James Coop- 
er, son of Lieutenant Cooper, lived to the 
wonderful age of ninety-nine years, but 
even this was almost equalled by one of 
his sons, Major Samuel Cooper, who 
lived to be ninety-seven years of age, 
and at the age of seventy-seven years 
entered the military service of his coun- 
try during the war between the North 
and South. lie was also the author of 
the Scott-Cooper system of military drill 
long in use in the United States army. 

Dr. J. \V. Cooper, another son of James 
Cooper, was a skilful physician, residing 
at different times in New York, Philadel- 
phia, and Chester, Pennsylvania, the lat- 
ter city having been his home for more 
than a half a century. Dr. Cooper com- 
manded a companv of militia, the Penn- 

sylvania Blues, and with his company 
took active part in suppressing the Anti- 
Catholic riots in Philadelphia in 1844. 
He married Henrietta Fields, of Hagers- 
town, Maryland, who bore him seven 

Thomas V. Cooper, son of Dr. J. W. 
and Henrietta (Fields) Cooper, was born 
January 16, 1835, in Cadiz, Ohio, where 
for a short time only his parents resided, 
and died in Media, Pennsylvania, Decem- 
ber 19, 1909, the result of an accident. 
He obtained a good English education, 
learned the art of type setting and print- 
ing before he was twenty years of age, 
and in 1855 founded, in association with 
Dr. D. A. Vernon, the "Media Adver- 
tiser." The following year the name was 
changed to the "Media Advertiser and 
Delaware County American," and in 
1859 the present title, "Delaware County 
American," was adopted. From 1855 un- 
til his death, a period of fifty-four years, 
Mr. Cooper was connected editorially 
with "The American," excepting the 
Civil War period, when he was in the 
field, there striving as a soldier to up- 
hold the cause he had advocated as a 
journalist. He was at the time of his 
death one of the very few editors in Penn- 
sylvania who with pen and type aided 
in creating the sentiment that brought 
the Republican party into being, and ad- 
vocated the election of the candidates of 
that party in 1856, and for half a cen- 
tury thereafter continued unfailingly to 
support the same party. Mr. Cooper 
was an alternate delegate to the Repub- 
lican Convention of i860 that nominated 
Abraham Lincoln for the presidency, and 
voted the delegates of his congressional 
district for Mr. Lincoln, whose nomina- 
tion was assured by the withdrawal of 
Simon Cameron and the releasing of the 
Cameron delegates. 

On April 19, 1861, the 26th Pennsyl- 
vania Regiment passed through Balti- 
more, er.route to Washington, and, while 


not suffering from mob attack so severely 
as the Massachusetts regiment, had 
rather an unpleasant experience. Shortly 
afterward Mr. Cooper enlisted in Com- 
pany C of that regiment, serving three 
years with the army of the Potomac — 
in victory or defeat, the greatest army 
ever assembled in this country. He was 
mustered out with the 26th Regiment in 
front of Independence Hall, June 14, 
1864. The battle flags of the regiment 
are inscribed with the names of many 
of the historic battles of the war between 
the States: Yorktown, Williamsburg, 
Seven Pines, Savage Station, White Oak 
Swamp, Malvern Hill, Second Bull Run, 
Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville (where 
they lost one hundred men), Gettysburg 
(where they lost two hundred and six- 
teen men, and withstood a desperate 
charge), the Wilderness, and Spottsyl- 
vania Court House (where they captured 
two pieces of artillery). In all this glori- 
ous career, Mr. Cooper bore a part, es- 
caping the perils of war and returning to 
Media in safety. 

He at once repurchased his interest in 
"The American," and never again laid 
down the pen or its editorial management 
until he joined his great commander. As 
his sons came of age they were admitted 
to the business, which was conducted 
until his deatli as T. V. Cooper & Sons, 
and is so continued in behalf of the es- 
tate. To these sons much of the busi- 
ness detail was committed, but the edi- 
torial page was never surrendered, al- 
though from 1869 until his death, Mr. 
Cooper was continuously in the service 
of State or Nation. In 1869 he was 
elected to the Pennsylvania House of 
Assembly, was defeated in 1871, and re- 
elected in 1872. In 1873 he was elected 
State Senator, re-elected continuously 
until 1889, an d m I&7& was president of 
the Senate. In 1889 he was appointed by 
President Harrison, Collector of the Port 
of Philadelphia, serving four and a half 

years. During this period he collected 
without the loss of a single dollar, the 
immense sum of $80,000,000. In 1900 
he was again elected to the House of 
Assembly, and in 1902 was re-elected. 
During his long term as a legislator he 
served on many committees, held impor- 
tant chairmanships, and exerted person- 
ally and through the columns of "The 
American," a deep influence on legisla- 
tion and party policies. From 1881 to 
1889 he was chairman of the Republican 
State Central Committee, and in 1902 its 
treasurer. He was always a strong fig- 
ure in party councils and conventions ; 
had always the courage of his convic- 
tions, a born leader, yet always open to 
the advice of his associates, but not easily 
swerved. He was one of the old school 
of politicians that won his way with men 
without resort to the brutal tactics of 
the modern "boss," a term that implies 
none of the qualities of real leadership 
so richly possessed by Thomas V. 
Cooper. He was a believer in Metho- 
dism as a church of strength and power, 
his family, however, being Episcopalians. 
He was a member of George W. Bar- 
tram Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, 
and of Bradbury Post, Grand Army of 
the Republic. Mr. Cooper married, in 
1858, Ada F. Turner, who died in 1901, 
daughter of Frederick Turner, the pub- 
lisher, of Philadelphia. Children: 

1. Ada S. T., married William T. Dick- 
enson, and has one child: Ada Virginia. 

2. Frederick T. Cooper, born Septem- 
ber 14, 1865; educated in the private 
school of Miss Mary Walters, and Short- 
lidge's Academy at Media, and began 
newspaper work with the Chester "Eve- 
ning News," later was admitted to part- 
nership with his father in the manage- 
ment of the "Delaware County Ameri- 
can," and is now senior partner of the 
firm of T. V. Cooper & Sons, in active 
management of "The American," con- 
cededly the largest, most modernly 




equipped and successful of all Pennsyl- 
vania county weeklies. Its patronage is 
phenomenal, the paper going into nearly 
every home of Delaware, one of the rich- 
est counties in Eastern Pennsylvania. 
Mr. Cooper is a member of the Sons of 
Veterans and of the Media Fire Depart- 
ment. He married, in 1890, Elizabeth A. 
Field, and has one son, Thomas V., a 
midshipman in the United States navy. 

3. Percival V. Cooper, born November 
13, 1867; educated in Shortlidge's Aca- 
demy and Philadelphia College of Phar- 
macy, later taking post-graduate courses 
there and at the University of Pennsyl- 
vania in chemistry. For ten years he 
was a partner with Mr. Dickenson in 
Media and Morton, Pennsylvania, in the 
drug business. In 1898 he was admitted 
to the firm of T. V. Cooper & Sons, and 
has ever since been connected with the 
publication of "The American." He is 
an enthusiast on the subject of fine poul- 
try, and is an expert authority on many 
of the fancy breeds. He was appointed 
justice of the peace, May 6, 1906, by Gov- 
ernor Pennypacker, and has twice been 
elected to that office by the people. He 
married, April 29, 1897, Emily J. Beale, 
and has a son, Donaldson B., born De- 
cember 16, 1S98. Mr. Cooper is a mem- 
ber of the college fraternity, Zeta Phi; 
Brookhaven Grange, No. 731, Patrons of 
Husbandry; and the Sons of Veterans; 
he is a Republican in politics, and a mem- 
ber of the Methodist Episcopal church. 

4. Thomas V. Cooper, Jr., was born 
April 19, 1874; educated at Shortlidge's 
Academy, and the University of Penn- 
sylvania. Pie was early inducted into the 
newspaper business with his father and 
brothers, and is now junior member of 
T. V. Cooper & Sons. He married Adia 
R. Hitner, of Norristown, Pennsylvania. 

5. Nina Virginia Cooper, born July 29, 
1877, (deceased), married William Ash- 
mead Dyer, treasurer of the Cambridge 
Trust Company, of Chester. 

6. Susan T. Cooper, born in June, 1880, 
married William E. Rice, of Philadelphia. 

The Cooper brothers are all experi- 
enced newspaper men and, trained under 
the eye and direction of their honored 
father, have continued the business of T. 
V. Cooper & Sons most successfully, and 
have kept "The American" in the front 
rank of country weeklies, and setting an 
example of real worth to papers of much 
greater pretensions. 

RAUCH, Charles Elwood, 

Manufacturer, Humanitarian. 

For many years the name of Rauch has 
been identified with the agricultural and 
business interests of Lebanon county, and 
for over half a century has been promi- 
nent in the business life of the city of 
Lebanon. Peter Rauch, grandfather of 
Charles Elwood Rauch, and a well-to-do 
farmer of Lebanon county, died in 1842. 

His son, John B. Rauch, a man of 
business enterprise and energy, came to 
the city of Lebanon in 1857 and there 
erected a large store building on Tenth 
street, founding the prosperous and ex- 
tensive business that was later continued 
on an enlarged scale by his son, 
Charles E. 

Charles Elwood, son of John B. Rauch 
and his first wife, Sarah Zimmerman, 
was born August 3, 1862, died April 3, 
1907. His father, in addition to his mer- 
cantile business, was interested in bank- 
ing operations and in the Lebanon Manu- 
facturing Company, of which he was a 
director. After finishing his education, 
and graduating from Annville College, 
Charles E. was given a position in his 
father's business and an opportunity to 
become familiar with commercial and 
manufacturing methods. He was quick 
to grasp the fundamental principles upon 
which business success is founded, and 
became a very valuable assistant. He 
advanced rapidly, and at the death of his 




father succeeded him as head of the mer- 
cantile house. He prospered in business 
and again extended his line of activity, 
dealing largely in real estate, operating 
in association with Amos C. Zimmerman 
and John L. Rockly. They deal in lands 
in Brooklyn and New York, also in Leb- 
anon and Lebanon county properties. 

Air. Rauch possessed sound judgment, 
coupled with a quickness of decision, and 
rarely was mistaken in his opinion of the 
value or desirableness of an investment. 
He was remarkably successful and his 
too short life was one of constant prog- 
ress, his winning personality opening all 
hearts to him, and the confidence reposed 
in him was truly remarkable. He con- 
ducted his business operations on the 
plane of highest integrity, while the 
strictest morality marked his private life. 
Nor was he a man of mere money-mak- 
ing ambition. He loved his fellowman 
and was interested in those agencies that 
tend to the betterment of society ; a truly 
loyal, earnest worker for the public good. 
When the Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation was established in Lebanon, he 
quickly saw that it could be made of 
great value to the youth of Lebanon, and 
gave the movement his hearty support. 
He was elected its first President, an 
office he held until his death, giving 
freely of his valuable time, business ex- 
perience and wealth. In religious faith 
he affiliated with the United Brethren, 
belonging to Trinity Church, Lebanon, 
and to its upbuilding and support con- 
tributed largely, serving as trustee and 
superintendent of the primary Sunday 
school. His public spirit was displayed 
in every direction and no good cause 
lacked his hearty support. He assisted 
in the organization of the Lebanon Coun- 
ty Historical Society, which was effected 
January 14, 1898, took a deep interest in 
its work and was a member until death. 
In politics he was a Republican, but de- 
plored certain influences at work within 

his party, and in one campaign was the 
independent Republican candidate for the 

He married, November 26, 1890, Eliza- 
beth A., daughter of Augustus and Eliza- 
beth B. (Seidel) Thompson, the former 
an iron manufacturer of Reading. Mrs. 
Rauch survives her husband, residing in 
Lebanon with one son, Charles E., born 
January 26, 1907. Their first child, C. 
Thompson Rauch, was born June 7, 1895, 
died March II, 1896. 

FREEMAN, John Miller, 

Educator, Lawyer. 

The Bar of Pittsburgh had its begin- 
ning before the American Revolution, 
and, distinguished from the earliest 
period of its existence, has grown in lus- 
tre with the passing years. In the front 
rank of its leaders of the present day 
stands John Miller Freeman, of the law firm 
of Watson & Freeman, one of the most 
prominent not only in the city and State, 
but in the country at large, and enjoying 
an international reputation. Mr. Free- 
man descends through both his parents 
from old Pennsylvania families the mem- 
bers of which, in the successive genera- 
tions, both as citizens and soldiers, ren- 
dered good service to the commonwealth. 

Jacob Freeman, great-grandfather of 
John Miller Freeman, was born in Penn- 
sylvania, of English parents, and was one 
of the pioneers of Cook township, West- 
moreland county. He was a miller, and 
for many years operated what is now 
known as Weaver's Mills. He married 
Catherine Taylor, and their children 
were: Elizabeth, Philip, Mary, John, 
Jacob, Jane, Hannah ; George, mentioned 
below; Catherine, James, and Samuel. 

George, son of Jacob and Catherine 
(Taylor) Freeman, was born February 
24, 1S05, and received a common school 
education. He learned the shoemaker's 
trade, but afterward turned his attention 





to agriculture, purchasing a farm in Cook 
township and making it his home during 
the remainder of his life. He was a 
Democrat, and a member of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal church. Mr. Freeman 
married Catherine, daughter of John and 
Anna Mary (Brant) Cryly, who were of 
Pennsylvania German parentage, and the 
following children were born to them: 
Jacob; John, mentioned below; James, 
George, and Nancy Agnes. George Free- 
man, the father, died January 13, 1869, 
and his widow passed away April 1, 1875. 

John, son of George and Catherine 
(Cryly) Freeman, was born January 26, 
1832, and, like his father, was a farmer 
and shoemaker, having received, before 
entering upon an independent career, an 
excellent common school education. His 
political affiliations are with the Demo- 
crats, and he is a member of the Presby- 
terian church. He married, in i860, Re- 
becca Guffey, whose ancestral record is 
appended to this sketch, and they became 
the parents of the following children: 
George A., James G., Sarah Jane; John 
Miller, mentioned below; and Anna Lu- 
cinda. Airs. Freeman, the mother of the 
family, died April 20, 1898, at Ligonier, 
Pennsylvania. Mr. Freeman died July 7, 
1908, having relinquished active affairs, 
but as an influential and highly respected 
citizen taking an intelligent interest in 
matters of public moment. 

John Miller, son of John and Rebecca 
(Guffey) Freeman, was born March 13, 
1868, on a farm about one mile from 
Ligonier, Westmoreland county, Penn- 
sylvania, and after receiving his prepara- 
tory education in the common schools 
entered Washington and Jefferson Col- 
lege, graduating in the class of 1893 with 
the honorary degree of "cum laude." Be- 
fore entering college Mr. Freeman was for 
three years an instructor in the public 
schools, and after graduating presided for 
one year over the East Liberty Academy. 

In 1894 Mr. Freeman began the study 


of law with the firm of Watson & Mc- 
Cleave, and in October, 1896, was ad- 
mitted to the Allegheny county bar. The 
young lawyer speedily became noted for 
his aptitude in grappling with details, 
and for his accurate and keen perception 
and judgment, also for his quick appre- 
ciation of the points counsel were en- 
deavoring to establish, and for his invari- 
able success in getting to the root of the 
matter by questions during argument. In 
February, 1904, he associated himself 
with David T. Watson, under the firm 
name of Watson & Freeman, a connec- 
tion which has since been continuously 
maintained. The firm is a most impor- 
tant one, having conducted many cele- 
brated cases both in Pennsylvania and 
in other States, besides being engaged in 
litigation of international consequence. 
In the presentation of a case, Mr. Free- 
man's manner and language — quiet, sim- 
ple and forceful — are singularly effective, 
carrying far more weight both with jur- 
ies and the judiciary than the oratory 
which "says everything to the ear and 
nothing to the mind." The papers which 
he prepares are exceptionally strong, be- 
ing entirely destitute of weak points, and 
presenting the matter under consideration 
in a manner which admits of no dispute. 
He has a broad, comprehensive grasp of 
all questions that come before him, and 
is particularly fitted for affairs requiring 
executive and administrative ability. 

As a citizen with exalted ideas of good 
government and civic virtue Mr. Free- 
man stands in the front rank. True to 
the political traditions of his family, he 
is a staunch Democrat, but has never 
consented to hold office, and is entirely 
free from partisanship. Taking a lively 
interest in that phase of politics which 
makes for the highest good of the com- 
munity, he has always given his influ- 
ence along those lines. Widely but unos- 
tentatiously charitable, no good work 
done in the name of philanthropy or re- 


ligion appeals to him in vain. He is so- 
cially popular and holds membership in 
the best known clubs. The personality 
01" Mr. Freeman is that of the skilled ad- 
vocate— a profound thinker and a rapid 
and forceful executant, of unfailing self- 
reliance, indomitable perseverance and 
unusual capacity for judging the motives 
and merits of men. His countenance 
and bearing are an index to his charac- 
ter—firm, dignified and keenly observant, 
but at the same time indicative of the 
genial nature and gentle and courteous 
disposition which have drawn around him 
a host of steadfast friends. 

Mr. Freeman married, May 31, 1913, 
Evelyn Mary, daughter of Mrs. K. Ock- 
leston Lippa, of Pittsburgh, the ceremony 
being performed in the Protestant Epis- 
copal Church of the Ascension, Rev. Dr. 
R. J. McFetridge officiating. The wedding 
was one of the social events of the season, 
and was followed by a reception at the 
home of Mrs. Lippa, where Mr. and Mrs. 
Freeman received the congratulations 
and good wishes of their many friends. 
John Miller Freeman has won many 
laurels at the bar, and has long been 
numbered among the leaders of his pro- 
fession, but it is impossible to define the 
ultimate success of a man of his type 
who is now m the prime of life. The 
past gives promise of the future. What 
has been already accomplished is an earn- 
est of greater things to come. 

(The Guffey Line) 
William Guffey, founder of the Ameri- 
can branch of the family, was a native 
of Ireland, and emigrated to the prov- 
ince of Pennsylvania, settling in Sewick- 
ley township, on land which was granted 
in 1769 by King George III. to James 
Baird, the consideration being £2,100. 
On this land William Guffey built a log 
cabin and made a clearing said to have 
been the first west of the Allegheny 
mountains. He was one of the members 


of General Forbes' expedition, and died 
in Sewickley township, in January, 1783. 
The land on winch he settled continued 
for generations to be the home of his 
descendants, being known as the old Guf- 
fey homestead. 

James Guffey, son of William Guffey, 
was born in 1736, in Ireland, and was 
two years old when brought by his par- 
ents to this country. He married (first), 
Alargaret, daughter of William and Mar- 
garet Campbell, and their children were: 
John, mentioned below; Polly, and Bell. 
Mrs. Guffey died in May, 1791, and Mr.' 

Guffey married (secondj Findley, 

becoming by this marriage the father of 
two children: Sarah, and William. 
James Guffey died March 9, 1806. 

John, son of James and Margaret 
(Campbell) Guffey, was born August 6, 
1764, in Sewickley township, and was for 
many years a justice of the peace, spend- 
ing his entire life in the neighborhood of 
Ins birthplace. He married (first) Agnes 
Lowry, born April 18, 1773, and their 
children were: James, mentioned below; 
William, Anna, John, Robert, Joseph, 
Alexander, Margaret, Isabella, Mary, and 
Nancy. Mr. Guffey married (second) 
Rebecca Stewart, by whom he had two 
sons: Benjamin, and Stewart. 

James, son of John and Agnes (Lowry) 
Guffey, was born December 15, 1791 n 
the homestead, and in the war of 1812 
served in the cavalry troop under Gen- 
eral Joseph Markle, participating in the 
battle of Mississinewa. After his mar- 
riage he settled on a farm in Sewickley 
township, and built a log house which in 
1833 was replaced by a brick residence, 
which was his home during the remain- 
der of his life. He married, April 20 , 
1813, Hannah, born March 6, 1791, daugh- 
ter of James and Mary P. Scott, and the 
following children were born to them: 
John, Mary P., James Scott, William, Zac- 
cheus, Joseph, Nancy L. and Margaret 
Ann (twins), Sarah Jane; and Rebecca 


mentioned below. James Guffey died 
March 22, 1841, and his widow passed 
away June 10, 1878, on the homestead. 

Rebecca, daughter of James and Han- 
nah (Scott) Guffey, was born February 
27, 1836, in Sewickley township, and be- 
came the wife of John Freeman, as men- 
tioned above. 

SLEMMONS, Rev. William E., D. D., 


Success in a ministerial career is hard 
to estimate and harder still to either 
analyze or describe. Were success to 
be measured by the amount of salary re- 
ceived, then there are few successful 
ministers. If numbers added to the 
church roll be considered, then again the 
most faithful of ministers often sees little 
apparent result. The external grandeur 
or internal beauty of a church edifice 
can not be considered, as the costliest of 
churches may harbor the least spiritual 
of congregations. There is no fixed meas- 
ure of success, and the minister of God 
must be content to await the final sum- 
ming up of his credits before the Great 
Auditor. Yet the rewards are plentiful 
in this life for the faithful, and, as in 
the case of Rev. Dr. Slemmons, there 
are abundant evidences that his minis- 
terial work has been blessed with suc- 

He was born at Cadiz, Harrison coun- 
ty, Ohio, December 1, 1855, son of Sam- 
uel and Eliza (Hearn) Slemmons, the 
father born in Washington county, 
Pennsylvania, the mother in Jefferson 
county, Ohio. Grandfather Slemmons 
died in Washington county, and soon 
thereafter the family moved to Harrison 
county, Ohio, where Samuel Slemmons 
died in July, 1868, and his wife in 1880. 

William E. Slemmons was reared in 
Harrison county, Ohio, and obtained his 
preliminary education in the public 
schools, and spent one year at Franklin 

College. He then entered Princeton Uni- 
versity, whence he was graduated, class 
of 1877, and began the study of divinity 
at Princeton Theological Seminary, con- 
tinuing two years. I lis studies were then 
interrupted until 1886, the interim being 
devoted to newspaper work. In the lat- 
ter year he resumed study at Allegheny 
Theological Seminary, completing his 
course in 1887. He was ordained a reg- 
ular minister of the Presbyterian church, 
and placed in charge of the Second Pres- 
byterian Church of Mercer, Pennsyl- 
vania. His work there met with the ap- 
probation of his congregation and he 
continued their pastor for nearly four- 
teen years, receiving many evidences that 
his work was blessed of God. From 
Mercer he was called to the pastorate of 
the First Presbyterian Church of Wash- 
ington, Pennsylvania, where he has been 
most happily located until the present 
date, 1912. Here, too, he is constantly 
reminded that his ministry has been a 
successful one. A loyal congregation 
has seconded his efforts in creating a 
living church, and together, pastor and 
people have been a compelling power for 

Dr. Slemmons has earned distinction 
outside his own locality. His degrees of 
A. B. and A. M. were received from 
Princeton University, while in 1900 
Grove City College conferred that of 
D. D. He was chosen Presbyterial com- 
missioner to the General Assembly of 
the Presbyterian Church that met at Sar- 
atoga, New York, in 1896, and again to 
the General Assembly meeting at Louis- 
ville, Kentucky, in 1912. He is a member 
of the board of trustees of Washington 
and Jefferson College, also holding the 
same relation to Western Theological 
Seminary of Allegheny and to Washing- 
ton Seminary. He is a true type of the 
educated Christian gentleman, loyal to his 
church and his Maker, broadminded in 
his views, and most generous in his na- 



ture. VVlnle his great usefulness is 
broadly apparent, the great measure of 
his success can only be estimated, as the 
good seed sown has been widely distrib- 
uted, and, while some has fallen in stony 
places, much has fallen in fruitful soil, 
and the harvest will be abundant. Nor 
is his work finished, but his powers are 
only in full maturity and many years of 
usefulness to his fellowmen are yet be- 
fore him. Ever the thorough student 
and missing no phase of the world's prog- 
ress in church or State, there are yet 
heights to be climbed and greater respon- 
sibilities to be carried by his capable 
shoulders, lie is a Republican in his po- 
litical preference, but before all he is the 
earnest churchman. 

He married, July 22, 1892, Jane, daugh- 
ter of Dr. John P. and .Margaret (Por- 
ker) Hosack, of Mercer, Pennsylvania, 
a prominent Mercer county family, and 
they have one daughter, Mary. 


Lawyer, Jurist. 

History points with pride to the mili- 
tary record of Captain Nicholas Bitten- 
ger, a patriot soldier in the War of the 
Revolution, great-grandfather of the 
Hon. John W. Bittenger, and carefully 
scrutinizing the career of Judge Bitten- 
ger, we find there only that which brings 
to his line, credit and praise. 

Hon. John W. Bittenger was born in 
York Springs, Adams county, Pennsyl- 
vania, November 10, 1834, son of Henry 
and Julia A. (Sheffer) Bittenger. He 
acquired his elementary education in the 
public schools at the academy at Stras- 
burg, Pennsylvania, and at Rockville, 
Maryland, which was supplemented by 
a partial course at Pennsylvania College, 
Gettysburg. While studying at Pennsyl- 
vania College, he registered with Hon. 
Moses McClean, of Gettysburg, as stu- 
dent at law, subsequently going to Rock- 

ville, Maryland, where he finished his 
legal studies in the office of W. Vien 
Bouic, who was afterward Judge of the 
Circuit Court, and was admitted to the 
Montgomery county bar, Maryland, in 
1856. In the same year he entered Har- 
vard Law School at Cambridge, Massa- 
chusetts, and was graduated in 1857 with 
the degree of LL.B. After graduation 
he began practice in Lexington, Ken- 
tucky, remaining three years. In i860, 
Mr. Bittenger moved to York, Pennsyl- 
vania, with whose bar and judiciary he 
has ever since been identified. In poli- 
tics he has always been a Democrat, and 
has taken a prominent and influential 
part in the party councils, having been 
campaign orator in the Democratic con- 
tests in York county, as a speaker be- 
ing strong and forcible, clear in expres- 
sion, and always commanding attention. 
In 1862 he began his official career 
with the nomination for an election to 
the district attorneyship of the county, 
an office he held through re-election for 
six years. Upon retiring from that office 
he entered upon his practice at the bar, 
and at the time of accepting the judge- 
ship had acquired a large and lucrative 
practice, with a county-wide reputation. 
As a lawyer he possesses that judicial in- 
stinct which makes its way quickly 
through immaterial details to the essen- 
tial points upon which the determination 
of a cause must turn, and his arguments 
are at all times logical, forcible and clear. 
In 1888 Mr. Bittenger was the delegate 
of his party to the National Convention 
at St. Louis, and in November, 1890, was 
appointed by Governor Beaver to fill the 
vacancy occasioned on the bench of the 
Nineteenth Judicial District, York coun- 
ty, by the death of Hon. John Gibson. 
The same year he became the nominee of 
his party for the judgeship, and was 
elected at the following election, and in 
1900 was re-elected by a large majority, 
the Republican party having endorsed 



him in convention and having made no 
nomination against him. Since 1895 he 
has served as President Judge of the 
county, until his retirement, January I, 
1912, and his rulings have attracted 
State-wide attention because of their 
manifest clearness and fairness. Judge 
Bittenger is a scholar, a man of widest 
reading, a brilliant writer, an impressive 
and effective speaker, a powerful debater, 
a man of scintillant imagination, tremen- 
dously alert, tremendously intense and 
tremendously earnest. With all this, 
he lias extraordinary genius for admin- 
istration, and an intuitive mind that has 
played an important part in his career. 
He keeps himself abreast of the times, 
and has an intimate knowledge of men 
and the best thought of the day. 

Judge Bittenger married Anna Bren- 
neman, of York county, Pennsylvania. 
Children : Ida, Julia, Daniel S., Charles 
E. and Louisa Augusta. Mrs. Bittenger 
is a woman who possesses grace and in- 
telligence and that natural spontaneous 
charm which endears her to her many 
friends, and the Bittenger home is the 
seat of a gracious hospitality. The fam- 
ily are members of the Trinity Reformed 
Church of York. 

MERCUR, Ulysses, 

Lawyer, Supreme Court Chief Justice. 

The history of the Mercur family will 
ever remain an important chapter in that 
of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. 
The emigrant ancestor came from Aus- 
tria in 1780, settling in Lancaster county, 
Pennsylvania. Henry Mercur, son of the 
emigrant, born in Lancaster county, in 
1786, was sent to Vienna, Austria, to be 
educated at the University, spending 
eight years there, returning to the United 
States in 1807. In 1809 he located in 
Canton, Pennsylvania, where he married 
Mary Watts, September 10, 1810, and 
then removed to Towanda, and died Sep- 

tember 10, 1868; his wife died December 
14, 1839. 

Ulysses, fourth son of Henry and Mary 
(Watts) Mercur, was born in Towanda, 
Pennsylvania, August 12, 1818, and after 
a life of great usefulness, died at Wal- 
lingford, near Philadelphia, June 6, 1887. 
After graduating from the schools he ex- 
pressed to his parents his ambition to 
become a lawyer. A strong characteris- 
tic of Henry Mercur was his indulgence 
to his children and his wisdom in allow- 
ing them to decide their own future. 
When the question of a legal career for 
Ulysses was being debated, it was 
strongly opposed by his brother, M. C. 
Mercur, on the ground of insufficient 
education for a learned profession. While 
this was true, it was finally decided in 
family conclave that a tract of land which 
was intended for Ulysses later should be 
at once given to him, and if he chose 
to convert it into cash, with which to 
educate himself for a lawyer, he could 
do so. At the age of sixteen he finished 
his public school study and then entered 
his brother's store in Towanda as a clerk. 
At nineteen years of age the little farm 
given him was sold, netting him twelve 
hundred dollars, with which he was to 
secure an education. He entered Jeffer- 
son College, at Canonsburg, Pennsyl- 
vania, where four and a half years later 
he was graduated with high honors, also 
holding the highest position in the liter- 
ary society of the college. During the 
last eighteen months in college he had 
in addition to his class work pursued a 
systematic course of legal 'study. It is 
recorded of him that he made his twelve 
hundred dollars cover every expense of 
his college years, not incurring any debt. 
After receiving his degree from Jefferson 
he returned to Towanda, continued the 
study of law, and was admitted to the 
Bradford county bar in 1843, one year 
after leaving college. He was at once 
offered a partnership by Edward Over- 


ton, under whom he had studied law, who 
in his year of intercourse had formed a 
high opinion of his pupil. Favorable as 
was this offer from Mr. Overton, it could 
have been readily made with several 
others of the strong men of the Bradford 
bar, then composed of such strong men as 
David Wilmot, Judge Williston, William 
Ehvell, William Watkins and others. In 
a short time Mr. Mercur was the peer 
of any of them and it is of record that a 
competent judge stated: "It is no flat- 
tery to say that as a young lawyer he 
was unsurpassed in the State." Seven- 
teen years after he began practice, so 
great was the demand of his law business 
that he was compelled to retire during 
the entire winter of i860 and 1861 in or- 
der to recruit his badly broken health. 
These months of rest and travel restored 
him to his normal condition, and never 
again did he break until his final collapse. 
During his career as a lawyer in Towan- 
da he became noted not alone for his 
wonderful powers as a lawyer, but for 
his conscientious discharge of his duties 
and his sturdy honesty, flatly refusing a 
retainer if he did not consider the case 
a good one and often blunt in impressing 
his view of the case upon his would-be 
client. He once refused a fee from a 
wealthy client who later found other 
counsel, entered upon litigation, and was 
bankrupted. He came again to Mr. Mer- 
cur and was amazed to find him ready 
to take his case. Expressing his sur- 
prise he was told that, though at first 
he had no case, now he had a very good 
one. He subsequently fought this case 
to a successful finish. His first advice 
cost him a fee but would have saved his 
client a fortune. Without a fee he fought 
the second case, but righted a wrong. 
So even as a young man his reputation 
spread far and wide as a courageous, up- 
right, learned advocate. 

In January, 1861, Judge David Wil- 
mot, then President Judge of the Twelfth 

Judicial District, was elected United 
States Senator and resigned from the 
bench. Mr. Mercur was appointed to fill 
the vacancy, and at the end was elected 
by the people to a full term, without op- 
position, this judicial district being then 
composed of the counties of Bradford 
and Susquehanna. In 1862, the Congres- 
sional District composed of Bradford, 
Columbia, Montour, Sullivan and Wyom- 
ing counties had elected a Democrat to 
Congress. In 1864, in order to restore 
Republican supremacy in the district, 
Judge Mercur was prevailed upon by the 
party leaders to accept the nomination. 
He reluctantly accepted, was elected, and 
was continued through four terms. His 
course in Congress was in full accord 
with Republican policies and he was an 
able representative, but not satisfied to 
be divorced from his professional career. 
It is said of him that his fourth nomina- 
tion and election were accepted solely on 
the grounds that he might aid in the 
fight to remove the tariff from tea and 
coffee. In 1872 there came to him un- 
sought the nomination of his party for 
Judge of the State Supreme Court. He 
remained upon the bench from January 
1, 1873, until his death in 1887, after a 
public life of twenty-six years as Con- 
gressman and Judge. 

Justice Agnew, afterward Chief Justice, 
in announcing to the Supreme Court on 
October 3, the death of Chief Justice 
Mercur, paid a glowing tribute to his 
friend, and emphasized the fact that his 
professional life was founded upon un- 
flinching principle and great integrity, 
also eulogizing him as a useful, honored 
citizen, an upright, able judge, whose life 
was an example to be studied well and 
to be followed by younger men of the 
profession. Immediately after the ad- 
journment of the court a meeting of the 
bar was organized, which was presided 
over by Chief Justice Gordon, and a com- 
mittee on memorial appointed, of which 




^. (3-/^^/^^c 


Hon. John Dalzell was chairman. Among 
other resolutions reported was the fol- 
lowing: "In connection with this office, 
nothing can be said of him that is not 
to his honor. There is no taint on the 
purity of his ermine, the hot breath of 
calumny has never touched him and no 
question \va.-> ever made of the integrity 
of his life. His daily walk and conversa- 
tion were pure and without reproach." 

In politics, Judge Alercur was a Demo- 
crat originally, although his father and 
brothers were Whigs. He affiliated with 
the "Free Soil Wing" of his party, and 
used his influence in behalf of making 
Kansas free. He was of the Wilmot- 
Grow school of politics and formally sev- 
ered all ties that bound him to the Dem- 
ocratic party, when the Missouri Com- 
promise was repealed. He was a warm 
friend of lion. David Wilmot, who, when 
invited by i 'resident Lincoln to act as 
peace commissioner in 1 86 1 , visited Judge 
Mercur and had a free and full consulta- 
tion before accepting the honor and re- 
sponsibility offered him by the president. 

Judge Mercur married June 12, 1850, 
Sarah S., daughter of General John 
Davis, of Bucks count}', Pennsylvania, 
and sister of General W. W. H. Davis, 
the prominent soldier and historian. Her 
mother was Ann- (Hart) Davis, whose 
ancestors came to Pennsylvania with 
William Penn in 1682, settling in Bucks 
county. The Davis ancestor, William 
Davis, came from England in 1740. 

Children of Judge Ulysses Mercur: 
Rodney A., educated at Harvard Uni- 
versity, a prominent member of the Brad- 
ford county bar; Dr. John D., an eminent 
physician, educated at Harvard Univer- 
sity and graduated at Jefferson Medical 
College, M. D., 1878; Mary E., married 
Colonel B. F. Esldeman, of Lancaster; 
James W., an attorney-at-law at Media, 
and a graduate of Harvard University; 
and Ulysses (2) of Philadelphia, a grad- 
uate of Princeton, engaged in business. 


Oil Refiner, Manufacturer. 

In all ages the welfare of the human 
race has been promoted by men who have 
discovered and utilized the forces of na- 
ture. The ancient myth of Prometheus 
has been many times repeated in history. 
In glancing back over the eighteenth and 
nineteenth centuries there rise before us, 
dominant among these benefactors of 
mankind, the figures of Franklin, Morse, 
Edison and Marconi. In our land no 
region is richer in natural resources than 
is that of which Pittsburgh is the center. 
Steel, coal, oil, glass — all these have been 
brought out and harnessed to the vast 
wealth-producing machine of the city's 
industries, and, conspicuous among the 
magnates of the steel and oil interests 
was the late John C. Kirkpatrick, for 
many years one of the dominant figures 
of the Iron City. 

John C. Kirkpatrick was born near 
Turtle Creek, Allegheny county, Penn- 
sylvania, January 14, 1833, son of John 
and Susan -(Crawford) Kirkpatrick, both 
natives of the North of Ireland. His par- 
ents at an early age sought homes in the 
United States, coming to Western Penn- 
sylvania, where the father purchased a 
large tract of land and pursued agricul- 
ture until his death. Upon the death of 
her husband, about 1838, Mrs. Kirk- 
patrick placed the farm in the hands of 
the executor of the estate and returned 
to Ireland. She placed her son, John C, 
in school in Londonderry, where he re- 
mained till nineteen years of age. He 
then came to America and remained in 
Pennsylvania until twenty-one, when he 
returned to Ireland to claim a legacy left 
him by ati uncle. Returning to Pennsyl- 
vania again, he embarked in the lamp and 
oil business, his place of business being 
on Third avenue, Pittsburgh. 

In 1857 he became associated with 
Samuel Kier in extensive oil enterprises, 


and was among the first to engage in oil 
refining in Pittsburgh. Their business 
was conducted on an extensive scale in 
a large establishment on 43d street, near 
the Allegheny Valley railway. Mr. Kirk- 
patrick continued in this business suc- 
cessfully until 1875, when he sold his in- 
terests to the Standard Oil Company, 
permanently retiring at this time from 
the oil refining business. His next busi- 
ness venture was to purchase the Rogers 
& Burchfield Iron Company's establish- 
ment at Leechburg, where he established 
the large iron manufacturing business to 
which he devoted the remaining years of 
his life. The concern is now conducted 
by his sons, and comprises one of the 
largest industries of the kind in the coun- 
try. The business was organized as the 
Kirkpatrick Company, Limited, and Mr. 
Kirkpatrick was its chairman from the 
time of organization till his death. 

The leading characteristics of Mr. 
Kirkpatrick may be stated as indomitable 
perseverance in any undertaking he once 
embarked in, boldness of operation in his 
projects, unusual capacity for judging 
the motives and merits of men, and in- 
tegrity ami loyalty to friends. Always 
willing to listen to and respect the opin- 
ions of others, when the time came to act, 
he acted for himself, and according to his 
own judgment. His accurate estimate 
of men enabled him to fill the many 
branches of his business with employees 
wdio seldom failed to meet his expecta- 
tions. He desired success, and rejoiced 
in the benefits and opportunities which 
wealth bring, but he was too broad- 
minded a man to rate it above its true 
worth, and in all of his mammoth busi- 
ness undertakings he found that enjoy- 
ment which comes in mastering a situa- 
tion—the joy of doing what he under- 

Mr. Kirkpatrick had numerous other 
interests, among them being the Char- 
tiers Iron Company of Carnegie, Penn- 

sylvania, of which he was one of the larg- 
est stockholders. Upon his death the 
business came under the management of 
his sons, John W. and James Lindsey, 
and Malcolm W. Leech, a son-in-law. 
In his business career, capable manage- 
ment, unfaltering enterprise and a spirit 
of justice were well balanced factors, 
while the business was carefully system- 
atized so that there were no needless ex- 
penditures of time, material or labor. He 
never regarded his emplo) r ees as mere 
parts of a great machine, but recognized 
their individuality and made it a rule 
that efficient and faithful service should 
be promptly rewarded with promotion 
as opportunity offered. While a man 
of quiet demeanor, Mr. Kirkpatrick 
wrought an amount of good among the 
people of Pittsburgh which can hardly 
be computed ; his charities and good 
deeds were known only to the benefi- 
ciaries, and his left hand never knew 
what his right hand distributed. He 
took a great interest in young men in 
whom he recognized ambition and abil- 
ity, starting many of them upon paths 
which have led to signal success. He 
was quick to notice signs of unusual 
qualities of mind or heart in anyone, and 
social distinctions were ignored by him, 
industry and brains being the patents to 
the only aristocracy which he recog- 
nized. In politics he was a Republican. 
He was for twenty years a member and 
trustee of the Seventh United Presby- 
terian Church of Pittsburgh. 

Mr. Kirkpatrick married, March, 1856, 
Miss Flora J., daughter of John and Jane 
(Wallace) Wallace, of the North of 
Ireland. Children of Mr. and Mrs. Kirk- 
patrick: Susan Crawford, married Mal- 
colm W. Leech, of Pittsburgh, and had 
children: Dorothy and Malcolm Wallace; 
John Wallace, married Anna Maude 
Kern, daughter of Dr. William Kern, of 
McKeesport, Pennsylvania, and had chil- 
dren : William Crawford and Flora Wall- 



ace; Jennie McCrea; and James Lindsey. 
Mrs. Kirkpatrick is a woman not only of 
unusual sweetness and beauty of char- 
acter, but intellectual, energetic and 
sagacious., and the family are prominent 
in Pittsburgh social circles, where Mrs. 
Kirkpatrick dispenses a gracious hos- 

The death of Mr. Kirkpatrick, which 
occured October 5, 1895, deprived Pitts- 
burgh of one of her most active men. 
Devoted in his family relations, sincere 
and true in his friendships, honorable 
and generous in business, he had the af- 
fection and esteem of those who lived 
closest to him and were best fitted to 
judge of his quality. He was human in 
his sympathies, cherished no false or im- 
possible ideals, lived level with the hearts 
of those with whom he was bound by ties 
of consanguinity and friendship, endear- 
ing himself to them and irradiating the 
widening circle of his influence with the 
brightness of a spirit that expressed the 
pure gold of character. His public and 
private life were one rounded whole — 
two perfect parts of a symmetrical 
sphere. So completely were they joined 
that it would be difficult to say where the 
one ended and the other began. In pub- 
lic and in private he was actuated by one 
high motive — the welfare of all whom he 
served and of all with whom he served. 
With such a principle the mainspring of 
all his active career, with an optimistic 
outlook upon life, with faith in his friends 
and humanity, with a purpose to make 
the best of everything and see that good 
that is in all rather than the evil, with 
a helping hand and a word of cheer for 
all who needed to have their pathways 
made smoother, John C. Kirkpatrick won 
a place that was all his own in the hearts 
of all who knew him, and the memory of 
his upright life remains as a blessed ben- 
ediction to those who were his associates 
while he was numbered among the rep- 
resentative citizens of the Iron City. 

BOWER, Addison, 

Pharmacist, Public Official. 

came to Myerstown from 
/here Dr. Henry Bower, 

The Bower 

grandfather of Addison Bower, received 
his degree and later practiced his pro- 
fession, before settling in Myerstown. 
He was a skillful physician and for many 
years was the leading doctor of the town- 
ship. He married Susan Zimmerman, 
of an old Pennsylvania family. The 
Bowers also trace to an early ancestor, 
General Jacob Boyer of the Revolution. 
Dr. William Bower, son of Dr. Henry 
Bower, married Rebecca Mandell, daugh- 
ter of Bejamin Mandell, and had four 
sons, all of whom became professional 
men, three, Henry, Gibson and William, 
being graduate practicing physicians. 
Of these only Dr. William Bower sur- 
vives. The fourth son, Addison, will 
have later mention. One daughter of 
Dr. William Bower, Emily, died at the 
age of eighteen years, and Mary, her 
older sister, married Rev. John Sechler. 

Addison, son of Dr. William Bower, 
was born in Myerstown, Pennsylvania, 
September 5, 1855. He was educated in 
the public schools, but not taking as 
kindly to the medical profession as his 
brothers, he was sent to Albright Col- 
lege, where he pursued a full course and 
was graduated. Later he entered the 
College of Pharmacy, in Philadelphia, 
whence he was also graduated, after 
which he established the drug business 
in Myerstown, and has been there suc- 
cessfully located until the present. He 
is a competent pharmacist and a most 
capable man of business. 

He is very highly esteemed in his 
community and has a large circle of 
warm friends. His popularity was po- 
litically attested when, on March 12, 
191 1, he was elected first burgess of the 
newly incorporated borough of Myers- 
town for a term of four years. He is a 



Democrat in politics, and a member of 
the Lutheran church. He is unmarried. 

HARTZELL, William Harvey, 

Physician, Financier, Humanitarian. 

There are many rounds in the ladder 
of "success" and to every wide-awake 
capable man it is given to mount at 
least some of them. All such men reach 
a greater or less altitude through per- 
severing effort in some special line. As 
height increases, the ladder is less 
crowded, until nearing the apex, the 
really successful man finds himself with 
plenty of room hew there are who can 
reach elevated position in more than one 
line of activity, ami such a man we will 
now consider; one who has risen to em- 
inence in his own profession and in a 
totally different field has placed his 
name aniung the leaders. 

William Harvey Hartzell was born 
November 22, 1851, in Rock Hill town- 
ship, Bucks county, Pennsylvania, near 
Sellersville, son of Philip Eberhard and 
Elizabeth (Kerr) Hartzell. He is a de- 
scendant of Ulrich Hartzell, born in 
German)-, who settled in the present 
Montgomery county, Pennsylvania, in 
1732. He was eighth in a family of 
eleven, and was left an orphan while yet 
a young child. He obtained the benefit 
of the public schools of his district, but 
in a limited degree, his self-study and in- 
tense ambition, however, compensating 
for his lack of early schooling. He fitted 
himself for admission to Washington 
Collegiate Institute (Trappe, Pennsyl- 
vania), and at the age of eighteen years 
began teaching school, continuing as an 
instructor during the years 1S69-1870 
and 1871. He had decided upon the pro- 
fession of medicine as his life work, and 
in 1871 entered Jefferson Medical Col- 
lege, at Philadelphia, whence he was 
graduated M.D., class of 1873, being then 
twenty-two years of age. He at once be- 

gan practice, establishing at Adamstown, 
Lancaster, Pennsylvania, continuing 
there until 1877, when he located at 
Harleysville, Montgomery county, Penn- 
sylvania. After four years there he lo- 
cated in 1881 in Allentown, Pennsyl- 
vania. He had then been in practice 
eight years, and had acquired the ex- 
perience and confidence that only active 
practice can furnish. His rise in Allen- 
town began quickly, and he soon laid the 
foundation for the large and successful 
practice that succeeding years have 
brought him. The detail of Dr. Hart- 
zell's thirty-one years of professional life 
in Allentown would reveal a story of 
honorable conscientious practice ; of 
days and nights of severest toil and 
study; of sacrifice and devotion to duty, 
only equalled by men and women whose 
work is not for self, but for humanity. 
His splendid traits of character have 
shone nowhere with greater brilliancy 
than in the sick room, where his warm 
sympathy, refined gentlemanly bearing 
and expert medical skill brought hope 
and courage to the suffering. Possessing 
the. qualities peculiarly valuable in the 
physician, he has always commanded 
not only the patronage of a numerous 
clientele, but has gained the undying love 
and good will of his community. 

Outside his private practice, Dr. Hart- 
zell has rendered important medical ser- 
vice to his city, county and State. From 
the organization of Allentown Hospital 
until his resignation in 1902, he served as 
its chief of staff; from 1894 to 1901 he 
was a member of the board of trustees 
of the South Eastern District of the 
Slate Hospital for the Insane at Norris- 
town ; was surgeon for the Lehigh Val- 
ley and Philadelphia Traction Company; 
member of the Allentown Board of 
Health; and prominently connected with 
the American Medical, Pennsylvania 
State Medical and Lehigh County Medi- 
cal societies. He also gained that more 




difficult prize, the high regard and es- 
teem of his brethren of his profession. 
He was elected president of the Penn- 
sylvania State .Medical Society in 1004; 
in 1901, president of Jefferson Medical 
Alumni Association; and in 1905 de- 
clined an urgent call to become resident 
chief of the male department of the 
State Hospital for the Insane at Norris- 
town. He has also secured high rank 
among medical writers; he has contrib- 
uted valuable articles to the medical 
journals, ami is the author of "A Chart 
of Nervous Diseases" that has won high 
praise from recognized authorities. This 
resume of tlve doctor's career justifies 
the high position on the medical ladder 
of "success" universally accorded him. 

In the world of finance he has reached 
a point equally elevated. In May, 1905, 
he was elected a director of the Citizens' 
Deposit and Trust Company of Allen- 
town. His grasp of banking problems 
and knowledge of financial methods 
quickly won recognition from the board, 
and on January 1, 1910, on the retirement 
of Lewis D Krause from the presidency, 
he was elected to succeed him in that 
important office. The Citizens' Deposit 
and Trust Company was opened for 
business October 12, 1905. As a matter 
of permanent record that will interest the 
statistician of the distant future, the 
name of the first depositor in each de- 
partment is here given. The first man to 
make a deposit and open an account in 
the active banking department was 
Joseph F. Gehringer; the first one to ask 
for a savings book for the purpose of 
opening an account with the Savings De- 
partment, was Ray F., son of Herman 
Kline of No. 316 North Ninth street, and 
the first to make a deposit in that depart- 
ment was Paul C, son of Oscar L. Fogel- 
man. The bank has been a successful 
one from its organization, and under the 
wise guidance of President Hartzell and 
his capable board its days of usefulness 

and prosperity will continue. As the 
head of so important an institution, Dr. 
Hartzell attains State and national im- 
portance in a line of activity certainly 
unthought of by the lad of eighteen 
struggling with the, perhaps, refractory 
scholars of a country public school. 
The lesson taught by his success is an 
important one, and hackneyed as the 
term "a self-made man" may be, it is so 
absolutely true in Dr. Hartzell's case as 
to be an inspiration to every young man 
who reads these lines or studies his 
career from orphan boy to bank presi- 

To turn to another phase of this 
versatile man is to again pen a record of 
prominence. In political faith a Demo- 
crat, he rendered valuable service on the 
city school board. He has always taken 
an active part in county politics, serving 
as treasurer of the county committee, and 
in 1888 was the Democratic nominee for 
mayor, but was defeated at the polls in 
a strongly Republican city by less than 
two hundred and fifty votes, an evidence 
of his popularity even at that early pe- 
riod of his life in Allentown. He has 
also won the highest expressions of con- 
fidence from his brethren of the Masonic 
order. He is a Master Mason of Green- 
leaf Lodge, No. 561, Free and Accepted 
Masons; past high priest of Allentown 
Chapter, No. 203, Royal Arch Masons (of 
which he is also trustee) ; past thrice il- 
lustrious master of Allentown Council, 
No. 2^, Royal and Select Masters; past 
eminent commander of Allentown Com- 
mandery, No. 20, Knights Templar; and 
is a thirty-second degree Mason of the 
Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite. He be- 
longs to other fraternal orders, including 
the Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks. In religious affiliation he is a mem- 
ber and for many years has been an eld- 
er of St. John's Reformed Church of the 
United States. 

This record of a successful life in one 



of the great professions, in finance and 
in community life, is not intended as a 
eulogy, but as an appreciation of the 
life work of an honorable man, who, not 
seeking lienor, but in simply doing his 
duty, has reached the topmost rounds of 
life's ladder of success. Thus his life is 
considered a benefit to humanity ; he 
would be the last to admit it, but, 
despite his self-effacement, his hosts of 
friends unanimously testify to his worth 
as a man, his skill as a physician, and his 
unimpeachable integrity as a business 

ACHESQN, Marcus W., 

Lawyer, Jurist. 

The history of the legal profession in 
Pittsburgh is the history of a force not 
less potent than that of its factories and 
furnaces. Of this group none left a 
stronger impress than did the late Mar- 
cus W. Acheson, Presiding Judge of the 
United States Circut Court, of Appeals. 
Me was never in politics and his entire 
career was at the bar and on the bench. 

Marcus \Y. Acheson, son of David and 
Mary (Wilson) Acheson, was born in 
Washington, Pennsylvania, June 7, 1828. 
He was graduated from Washington Col- 
lege (now Washington and Jefferson 
College) in 1846. Having read law with 
his brother, Alexander W. Acheson, he 
was admitted to the bar of Washing- 
ton county, Pennsylvania, in 1852. He 
removed to Pittsburgh, and on June 18, 
1852, was admitted to the bar of Alle- 
gheny county. In i860 he and George 
P. Hamilton joined in the practice of 
law, and the firm of Hamilton & Acheson 
continued until Mr. Hamilton's with- 
drawal on account of ill health, some 
years later. On January 7, 1880, Mr. 
Acheson was appointed by President 
Hayes to be the Judge of the District 
Court of the United States for the West- 
ern District of Pennsylvania. He dis- 

charged the duties of United States 
District Judge until January 23, 1891, 
when he was appointed by President Har- 
rison to be United States Circuit Judge, 
to succeed Judge William McKennan, for 
the Third Federal Judicial Circuit, com- 
posed of the States of Pennsylvania, New 
Jersey and Delaware. At that time he 
was the sole circuit judge of the circuit, 
holding court in Pittsburgh, Erie, Scran- 
ton, Williamsport, Philadelphia, Trenton 
and Wilmington. Upon the organization 
of the United States Circuit Court of 
Appeals, in 1891, he became and until 
his death continued Presiding Judge of 
that court fur the Third Circuit, the ses- 
sions of which are held in Philadelphia. 
He continued also until his death to per- 
form the duties of Circuit Judge, but 
there being two additional Circuit Judges 
for the Third District, his presence as 
Circuit Judge was only required at Pitts- 
burgh as a general rule. 

Judge Acheson married, June 9, 1859, 
Sophie Duff, daughter of Dr. William C. 
and Eliza (Reynolds) Reiter of Pitts- 

Judge Acheson died June 21, 1906, with 
no argued case undecided. One could 
ask for future generations nothing better 
than that the law continue to be admin- 
istered by judges as fearless, able and 
just as was he. 

CRAIG, John B., 

Educator, School Official. 

Professor John Bradford Craig, now 
serving in his ninth term as Superinten- 
dent of Schools, at Beaver, Pennsylvania, 
has gained much distinction as an edu- 
cator in this section of the State, and, 
during his long connection with the 
schools of this locality, has succeeded in 
greatly raising the intellectual standard 
and promoting the efficiency of the sys- 
tem as a preparation for the responsible 
duties of life. Indeed, the constant aim 





and general character of Professor 
Craig's life-work are summed up in the 
famous dictum of Sidney Smith: "The 
real object of education is to give chil- 
dren resources that will endure as long 
as life endures: habits that time will 
ameliorate, not destroy; occupation that 
will render sickness tolerable, solitude 
pleasant, age venerable, life more digni- 
fied and useful, and death less terrible." 

The founder of the Craig family in 
America was John Craig, great-grand- 
father of the subject of this review. He 
was born and reared at Craigshire, Scot- 
land, whence he immigrated to America 
in the colonial epoch of our national his- 
tory, settling in Clearfield county, Penn- 
sylvania, where he engaged in agricul- 
tural operations. He "was a gallant and 
faithful soldier in the war of the Revolu- 
tion and, while he did not participate ac- 
tively in public affairs in his home com- 
munity, he was ever alert and enthusias- 
tically in sympathy with all measures 
forwarded for progress and improve- 
ment. His son John was the first of the 
family to settle in Beaver county, whith- 
er he came about 1812, locating on a 
farm in Greene township. The latter's 
son, James, father of Professor Craig, 
was born and reared in Beaver county, 
and during the greater part of his active 
career was a farmer and extensive sheep 
grower. He was a Republican in poli- 
tics and served in a number of township 
offices, and as justice of the peace for a 
number of years. He died March 14, 
1902, and is buried in Greene township, 
Beaver county. His widow, whose 
maiden name was Margaret Kennedy, 
still survives and now maintains her 
home at Beaver She is a devout mem- 
ber of the United Presbyterian church 
and is a woman of most pleasing person- 

The second in order of birth in a family 
of two children, Professor John B. Craig 
was born in Greene township, Beaver 

county, Pennsylvania, August 26, 1877. 
His boyhood and youth were passed on 
the old homestead farm, in the work and 
management of which he early began to 
assist his father, and his preliminary ed- 
ucational training was obtained in the 
neighboring district schools. Subse- 
quently he attended the Indiana State 
Normal School, at Indiana, Pennsyl- 
vania, and was graduated therein as a 
member of the class of 1896. He then 
entered Geneva College, at Beaver Falls, 
Pennsylvania, and in that excellent in- 
stitution was graduated with the degree 
of Bachelor of Arts in 1900. Immedi- 
ately after completing his collegiate 
course he was elected principal of the 
West Bridgewater, Pennsylvania, public 
schools and he was incumbent of that po- 
sition for one year, at the expiration of 
which, in 1901, he was made principal 
of the Beaver high school. Two years 
later, in 1903, he was elected superinten- 
dent of the Beaver public schools, a po- 
sition he still retains in 1912. In the 
summer of 1905 he completed his post- 
graduate work in the University of 
Chicago, and the degree of Bachelor of 
Philosophy was conferred on him by the 
great Midway institution. 

Through Professor Craig's untiring ef- 
forts the high school at Beaver has come 
to be one of the first rank in the State, 
and the graded schools have likewise 
benefited by his careful supervision. 
The public schools at Beaver now boast 
a kindergarten department; manual 
training and domestic science are like- 
wise taught. School gardens were made 
a distinct feature of the public school 
system in 1910. Professor Craig, in con- 
nection with his lifework, is a valued and 
appreciative member of the Pennsylvania 
School Masters' Club of Pittsburgh, the 
Public School Superintendents' Associa- 
tion of the Beaver Valley, and the Penn- 
sylvania Educational Association ; he has 
figured prominently on the programs of 





the various meetings of the above or- 
ganizations. Too much concerning the 
keen interest manifested in the advance- 
ment of educational progress in Pennsyl- 
vania, by Professor Craig, cannot be said. 
His undivided attention is devoted to im- 
proving and systematizing school work- 
so that it may be less tedious to the 
modern student. His course has received 
the approval of the most progressive 
citizens of Beaver, and he has enlisted 
the co-operation of his teachers to such 
an extent that great harmony prevails 
and the concerted action is attended with 
excellent results. 

July 11, 1906, Professor Craig was 
united in marriage to Miss Catherine 
Carver, a daughter of Calvin and Caro- 
line (Beam. ) Carver, and great-great- 
granddaughter of Governor John Carver, 
of Massachusetts. Mrs. Craig's great- 
grandfather was a soldier in the War 
for Independence. Professor and Mrs. 
Craig are the parents of two sons, John 
and James. 

In politics Professor Craig is an un- 
compromising supporter of the principles 
and policies promulgated by the Repub- 
lican party, and in religious matters he 
and his wife are zealous members of the 
United Presbyterian church. He is rul- 
ing elder in the church and for ten years 
was superintendent of the Sunday school. 
He is a great advocate of good, healthy 
athletics and is specially interested in 
football, having been captain of the 
varsity team while in Geneva College. 
He is vice-president of the Fort Mcin- 
tosh Rifle Club at Beaver, and as a citi- 
zen, he is accorded the unalloyed confi- 
dence and esteem of all with whom he 
has come in contact. 



Soldier, Business Man, 



The Unii 

:ed States ra 

:nks tod 

ay as the 

foremost n; 

ition of the 



world. It has served as the melting pot 
of the best characteristics of all other na- 
tions and the outcome is a fine, sterling 
American citizenship, consisting of strong 
and able-bodied men, loyal and public- 
spirited in civic life, honorable in busi- 
ness, and alert and enthusiastically in 
sympathy with every measure tending to 
further the material welfare of the entire 
country. The great Empire of Germany 
has contributed its fair quota to the up- 
building of this great nation, and among 
its representatives in this country are to 
be found successful men in every walk of 
life, from the professions to the prosper- 
ous business man. Oliver Molter, whose 
name forms the caption for this review, 
is the son of German parents, and he is 
most successfully engaged in the livery 
and retail coal business at New Brighton, 

October 15, 1841, at Beaver, in the 
county of the same name, Pennsylvania, 
occurred the birth of Oliver Molter, who 
is a son of Jonas C. and Fannie (Camp) 
Molter, both of whom were born and 
reared in Germany, whence they came to 
America as young people. Mr. and Mrs. 
Molter were married in this State and 
settled in Beaver county, where he tie- 
voted his attention to the manufacturing 
of brick in the summertime and to coal 
mining in the winter. He was a Repub- 
lican in politics, and participated actively 
in all matters projected for the good of 
the general welfare. At the time of the 
inception of the Civil War, Mr. Molter 
gave evidence of his intrinsic loyalty to 
the country of his v adoption by enlisting 
for service in the Sixty-third Pennsyl- 
vania Volunteer Infantry. In one of the 
engagements in which he participated he 
was wounded by a shell, and thereafter 
he served on the invalid corps until the 
close of hostilities. He had five sons, 
who likewise served in the Federal army, 
namely: Henry, Peter, Christian, Oliver 
and Daniel, the latter of whom died from 



the effects of wounds received in battle. 
After the close of the war Jonas C. 
Molter returned to Beaver county, and in 
1871 he was elected justice of the peace 
at West Bridgewater, serving in that 
capacity with the utmost efficiency for a 
number of years. He was summoned to 
the life eternal in March, 1884; his cher- 
ished and devoted wife passed away in 

Oliver Molter was reared to the age of 
eleven years at Beaver, whence the fam- 
ily removed to North Sewickley in 1852. 
In the latter place the father was em- 
ployed in opening mines for Mr. O. II. P. 
Green until 1857, when removal was made 
to West Bridgewater, where the father 
and sons enlisted for service in the Union 
army. To the public schools of Beaver 
county Oliver Molter is indebted for his 
early educational discipline, subsequently 
he was a student in the Beaver Academy 
for a number of years. August 31, 1864, 
he enlisted as a soldier in Company B, 
Fifth Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery, and 
he saw hard and active service until the 
close of the war He was mustered out 
June 30, 1865, after a career as a faith- 
ful and gallant soldier. From 1865 until 
1876 he was interested in coal mines, and 
was a mining operator in Rochester 
township and the borough of New Brigh- 
ton, Beaver county. In 1876 he engaged 
in the livery and retail coal business at- 
New Brighton, where he has since re- 
sided, and where he has gained prestige 
as a brilliant business man and a highly 
honored citizen. His sons are associated 
with him in his business enterprises. 

In his political convictions Mr. Molter 
is a stalwart Republican, and he has been 
the efficient incumbent of a number of 
borough offices. He was a member of 
the Town Council at New Brighton for 
seven years, and has served on the 
School Board in Rochester township. 
In 1893 he was elected sheriff of Beaver 
county, taking the oath of office Janu- 

ary i, 1894, and serving in that capacity 
for one term, at the end of which he be- 
came deputy sheriff under his successor 
for one term. In 1901 he was elected 
sergeant-at-arms of the State Senate, 
and he served as such during the session 
of 1901-2. He was always a warm per- 
sonal friend of the late Senator Quay. 

Mr. Molter has been a member of the 
board of directors in the Beaver County 
Trust Company since the organization of 
that concern, and he is likewise a direc- 
tor in the Home Protective Savings & 
Loan Association at New Brighton, hav- 
ing served as such since its organization, 
about 1895. He has money invested in 
a number of other important business 
enterprises, and is the owner of a great 
deal of valuable real estate in Beaver 

October 9, 1859, Mr. Molter was united 
in marriage to Miss Margaret Brown, a 
daughter of Thomas P. Brown, of Beav- 
er county. This union was prolific of four 
children, as follows: Nora, now the wife 
of Edward A. Lindsay, of New Brigh- 
ton ; Ida, twin to Nora, married Dr. D. 
C. Laburge, of New Brighton ; Frank, 
married Miss Edith Smith and lives at 
No. 4000 South 14th street; William, de- 
ceased. Mrs. Molter passed to eternal 
rest April 6, 1871, and subsequently Mr. 
Molter marrid Miss Ada Laney, a daugh- 
ter of Joseph and Elizabeth (Grannis) 
Laney. To the second union the follow- 
ing children have been born : James, de- 
ceased ; Grace, now the wife of Harry 
Lockhart, of New Brighton; Byrd, now 
Mrs. Harvey A. Merriman, of New 
Brighton ; Herbert, who is single and re- 
mains at home; Ralph, married Miss Eva 
Tower and resides in New Brighton. 

Mr. Molter retains an abiding interest 
in his old eomrades-in-arms, and signifies 
the same by membership in Edward M. 
Stanton Post, No. 208, Grand Army of 
the Republic, in which he has filled all 
the official chairs and in which he is now 




quartermaster. He has on several oc- 
casions been a delegate to State and Na- 
tional Encampments and is prominent 
in Grand Army circles. Fraternally, he 
is a