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Full text of "Encyclopedia of Pennsylvania biography"

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Encyclopedia of Pennsylvania 

BIOGRAPHY 



BY 

JOHN W. JORDAN, LL.D. 

Librarian Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia; Author of "Colonial Families 

of Philadelphia;" "Revolutionary History of Bethlehem," 

and various other works. 



ILLUSTRATED 



VOLUME II 



NEW YORK 

LEWIS HISTORICAL PUBLISmNG COMPANY 

1914 



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ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 





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ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



CROXTON, John G., 

Soldier, Man of Affairs 

Unique in the history of Philadelphia 
was the place that was filled for many 
years by the late Captain John G. Crox- 
ton. Since 1872 he had been identified 
with the business interests of the city, 
and soon after becoming established there 
his abilities came to be recognized so 
that his services were much in demand in 
matters pertaining to the civic welfare, 
and although he had been a prominent 
and successful manufacturer he was per- 
haps quite as conspicuous because of his 
invaluable service to the various organi- 
zations which fostered the best interests 
of the city. At the time of his death he 
was vice-president of the Chamber of 
Commerce, and for many years had been 
a prominent member of that organiza- 
tion, and his judgment on matters of im- 
portance had very often shaped the policy 
of the board. 

Mr. Croxton was a native of Ohio, hav- 
ing been born at Magnolia, Stark county, 
March 18, 1839, son of John G. and 
Susan (Smith) Croxton. His ancestry 
was English. They were extensive land 
owners in old England, but much of the 
property was confiscated by the govern- 
ment because of the fact that they had 
become Quakers. However, the family 
name was retained, and "Croxton Park" 
is still in existence near the city of Cam- 
bridge. The family migrated to Amer- 
ica at an early day and settled in Ches- 
ter, Pennsylvania. Many of them fought 
in the War of the Revolution, some 
having taken part in the battle of Ger- 
mantown, where Samuel Cro.xton was 
killed. 

Mr. Croxton was educated in the gram- 
mar schools of Ohio, and before the 
war broke out had received an appoint- 
ment to West Point, but at the call to 
arms he was one of the first to enlist. 
He was mustered in in September, 1861, 



as a member of Company A, 51st Regi- 
ment Ohio Volunteers, as quartermaster- 
sergeant, and served in that capacity un- 
til 1863. He was then made second lieu- 
tenant, then first lieutenant, and finally 
captain, in the fall of 1864. He served 
through the war with the western army, 
fighting in the battles of Murfreesboro 
and Chickamauga. In September, 1864, 
he went with Sherman to Atlanta, and 
remained with him until the army was 
divided, and was then sent with Thomas 
to Nashville, where he fought in the bat- 
tles of Nashville and Franklin. After this, 
when Napoleon III. of France had been 
warned to remove the French troops from 
Mexico, General Sheridan was sent to 
Texas, and Captain Croxton was among 
those who went on that expedition. Napo- 
leon finally withdrew his army, and this 
company of volunteers were among the 
last of the Union forces to be mustered 
out. 

At the close of the war, Mr. Croxton 
returned to Ohio and located in New 
Philadelphia, where he became an in- 
ternal revenue officer for a short time. 
He then engaged in the grocery business 
at Cincinnati with his lifelong friend, Mr. 
Andrew G. Wood. About this time, No- 
vember 14, 1868, Mr. Croxton was mar- 
ried to Miss Gertrude Bailey, of Toledo, 
Ohio, who is a descendant of the well- 
known Bartlett family of New England, 
Josiah Bartlett, of New Hampshire, be- 
ing one of the signers of the Declaration 
of Independence. 

In the early seventies, Mr. Croxton and 
Mr. Wood came to Philadelphia and be- 
gan the manufacture of shoes, under the 
firm name of Croxton, Wood & Com- 
pany. Their firm soon became an im- 
portant one in the shoe manufacturing 
industry, and Mr. Cro.xton a conspicuous 
figure in the trade. He was a member of 
the joint board of the Shoe Association. 
They called him the ''lawyer of the 
board." He was a man of fine brain, and 



369 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



his sound business judgment and dis- 
criminating common sense ever made 
him a valuable asset to the organization. 
He was what is termed in the vernacular, 
"a good mixer," and he possessed those 
qualities of mind and heart that made for 
him a host of loyal friends. 

Aside from being prominent in the af- 
fairs of the Chamber of Commerce, Mr. 
Croxton was one of the first directors of 
the Bourse, and had been a director of 
the Market Street National Bank for over 
twenty-five years. He held membership 
in the Union League, Manufacturers' 
Club, Merion Cricket Club, and the Mil- 
itary Order of the Loyal Legion. 

The later years of Mr. Croxton's life 
were spent in retirement, and were de- 
voted largely to travel, but his interest 
never flagged in an}thing that pertained 
to Philadelphia's progress. In the fall 
of 1912 there was held in Boston a 
world's convention of the representatives 
of the Chambers of Commerce from every 
nation where such an organization exists, 
and Mr. Croxton was the representa- 
tive from Philadelphia. Upon the oc- 
casion of his death the Chamber of Com- 
merce passed the following resolutions: 

"It is with sincere regret that we find our- 
selves called upon to record our sorrow for the 
death of Mr. John G. Croxton. He was one of 
the organizers of this association. He has for 
more than twenty years served as a member of 
the Board, being one of the vice-presidents for 
three years, and in that capacity he rendered val- 
uable service in the work of developing the com- 
merce of Philadelphia. His participation in the 
debates that have occurred on this floor was 
marked with logic and clearness of expression, 
and on occasion influenced the action taken by 
this organization on important questions. His 
genial manner endeared him to all who knew 
him, and to those who knew him best his taking 
away will be the greatest loss." 

The following resolutions were adopted 
by the directors of the Market Street 
National Bank: 



"With sorrow we record the death in Havana, 
Cuba, on Monday, February 3, 1913, of our be- 
loved friend and long time associate, John G. 
Croxton. Mr. Croxton had been a member of 
this Board continuously since January, 1888, hav- 
ing been first elected within a year of the bank's 
organization. A successful business man of the 
most sterling character, he was a sound adviser, 
absolutely free from prejudice; always fair- 
minded, he was charitable but impartial in his 
judgment. He rightly maintained that character 
was even more important than capital. Genial 
and even tempered, his presence always tended 
to make any meeting both pleasant and profitable. 
We shall greatly miss his wise counsel and faith- 
ful friendship which some of us have cherished 
for more than thirty years. Modest and retiring 
in disposition, Mr. Croxton would desire no 
public eulogy, and to those who knew him none 
is necessary. His life was ever clean and help- 
ful to his day and generation. Philadelphia has 
lost one of her most useful public-spirited citi- 
zens whose sound judgment has served her 
well." 



HAAS, Rev. J. A. W., 

Clergyman, Author. 

Among those forces that in an age of 
vast material progress and the setting up 
of the gods of material success, — in such 
an age of commercialized ideals, one of 
the great factors in the deeper, saner life 
of the nation is the influence and leading 
of the great men at the head of the edu- 
cational institutions. The power of a 
great personality placed in such a position 
of responsibility is of the most mo- 
mentous kind, and that the present Eu- 
ropean civilizations in both hemispheres 
do not meet the fate of the earlier em- 
pires, will be due in the large measure 
to the work of that body of men who 
have charge of the wielding and directing 
of the ambitions and energies of the na- 
tion's youth. 

To this class of men, heads of colleges, 
that play so vital a part in the life of the 
time, belongs Dr. John A. W. Haas. 
The son of John Christian and Margaret 
Haas, John A. W. Haas inherited his 
father's ability as a teacher, he having 



370 




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A^ J M J/iJuaJ. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



been an able educator in parochial 
schools. His parents came of that sub- 
stantial Pennsylvania German stock that 
has contributed so important an element 
to the sturdy strength of that great 
State. He is a younger brother of 
George Christian Frederick Haas, an em- 
inent Lutheran divine of New York City. 
He was born in Philadelphia, August 31, 
1862, and was sent to the schools of his 
native city, attending the parochial school 
of the Zion Evangelical Lutheran 
Church, and later the Protestant Episco- 
pal Academy, graduating from the lat- 
ter in 1880. He then entered the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania in the arts 
course, and received his degree of A.B. 
in 1884. A course in the Lutheran 
Theological Seminary, Mt. Airy, Phila- 
delphia, followed, and from this he grad- 
uated in 1887, and in this year received 
from the University of Pennsylvania the 
degree of A.M. and B.D., and that 
same year he went over to Germany and 
took a course at the University of 
Leipsic. 

After his return to America he was 
ordained to the Lutheran ministry, and 
appointed the pastor of Grace Lutheran 
Church, New York City, administering 
that charge for eight years. For another 
eight years (1896-1904) he held the 
pastorate of St. Paul's Lutheran Church, 
New Y©rk City. During his incumbency 
of St. Paul's a new church building was 
erected, and the growth in other direc- 
tions was also marked. In 1902, Thiel 
College conferred upon him the degree 
of D.D. While pastor of St. Paul's 
Church, Dr. Haas was called to the presi- 
dency of Muhlenberg College, Allen- 
town, Pennsylvania, an institution which 
exerts a wide influence in that part of 
the State. He has brought to that col- 
lege qualifications that eminently fit the 
requirements of the work, — a thorough 
scholarship, a wide experience in dealing 
with the deeper aspects of the large as- 



pects of the national life, and that in- 
definable power of leadership which sets 
him, whatever his official position, in the 
class of those who move others and are 
themselves unmoved. 

Dr. Haas was for several years secre- 
tary of the Association of College Presi- 
dents of Pennsylvania, and is a member 
of the Pennsylvania Society of New 
York City. He is a frequent contributor 
to religious periodicals, and is the author 
of "Commentary on the Gospel of Mark 
in Lutheran Commentary," 1895; "Bible 
Literature," 1903; and "Biblical Criti- 
cism," 1903. He was also a co-editor and 
a contributor to the "Lutheran Cyclo- 
pedia," 1899. 

Dr. Haas married, in New York City, 
October 6, 1891, Charlotte, daughter of 
Charles D. and Fredericka Boscheus. 



EHRGOOD, Hon. Allen Walborn, 

Iia^ryer, Jurist. 

The following tribute was paid the 
memory of Judge Ehrgood by the Le- 
banon county bar and presented to his 
widow by the committee, whose names 
are attached : 

In Memoriam 

Judge Allen W. Ehrgood, born October 2. 1857, 
died May 20, 1910. 

Left fatherless in infancy, Allen Ehrgood 
availed himself of the meagre opportunities of- 
fered by the public school, from which he gradu- 
ated in 1876. After a short course in teaching, 
he took up the work of his chosen profession, 
the law, to which he came equipped with a rug- 
ged constitution, indomitable energy, and a will 
calculated to overcome every obstacle. Admit- 
ted to the bar of Lebanon county, January 6, 1880, 
and two years later to practice before the Su- 
preme Court of the Commonwealth, his grasp 
of the fundamental principles of the law and his 
close application, made him a strong factor in the 
professional world in which he lived and moved, 
resulting in his election as District Attorney, 
which office he filled in a highly creditable man- 
ner, from January, 1887, to January, 1890. At 
the first election, following the creation of Leba- 



371 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



non county as a separate judicial district, he was 
elected its President Judge in 1895, for the full 
term of ten years, and was reelected in 1905. 
During his long career as Judge, he ever dis- 
played a keen sense of right, and a fixed purpose 
to administer justice. Endowed with a judicial 
temperament, a strong analytical mind, and acute 
perceptive faculties, he performed the duties of 
the office with marked ability and credit. 

As a man, lawyer and judge his unswerving 
honesty was predominant in his character and 
work, and stands to-day as a shining example 
before the world and profession. 

The Bar of Lebanon county desires this minute 
to be spread upon the record of the court as an 
expression of the appreciation of the sterling 
qualities and attainments of the late Judge, and 
extends its sincere sympathy to his family. 

(Signed) 

A. Frank Seltzer, 
C. V. Henry, 

E. D. Miller, 
S. P. Light, 

J. H. Shindel, 

F. H. Lehm.an, 
C. K. Whitmer, 

Committee. 



To this tribtite there must be added 
these facts concerning Judge Ehrgood. 
He was a son of Jacob and Rebecca 
(Walborn) Ehrgood, whose home was at 
Monroe Forge. Bethel township, Leb- 
anon county, Pennsylvania. He was a 
graduate of Millersville State Normal 
School, in the class of 1876. He taught 
eight terms in the public schools of the 
county, six of these while attending the 
normal school, and two terms after hav- 
ing been graduated from that school. 
His legal study was under the preceptor- 
ship of William G. Lehman, and his rise 
in the law was most rapid. His work 
as a public prosecutor won him a wide 
reputation. While a Judge, he had the 
proud record of having his decision re- 
versed in very few instances, by either 
the State Supreme or Superior courts. 

During his first term as Judge he was 
called to sit as one of the Board of 
Judges to hear the celebrated Schuylkill 
county election contest, requiring several 



months of most arduous labor on his 
part, but adding very greatly to his rep- 
utation as a wise, impartial jurist. This 
high standing he maintained until the 
too early close of his judicial career. 
Through his sterling qualities of mind 
and heart he won his way to eminence, 
and never did he forfeit the great confi- 
dence reposed in him by the people of 
Lebanon county. He was most friendly 
to all, easy to approach and of most 
simple tastes. He was ever considerate 
of the rights and privileges of the mem- 
bers of the bar and to the unfortunate 
criminal he was as merciful as his judici- 
al obligation would permit. Devoted as 
he was to his profession he was not iso- 
lated from his community, but one with 
them in their interests and activities. 

He was a member of the Masonic or- 
der, and held in affectionate esteem by 
his brethren of that order ; member of 
the Patriotic Order Sons of America; 
the Junior Order of American Mechanics ; 
Royal Arcanum ; Benevolent and Pro- 
tective Order of Elks, and the Steitz Club 
of Lebanon. He was interested in the 
Fire Department, and belonged to Rescue 
Hose Company. He was also a member 
of the Lebanon County Historical So- 
ciety. 

He married Anna jNIary, daughter of 
Joseph Schantz, who survives him, a 
resident of Lebanon, with their two chil- 
dren : Dora Mabel, married, June 14, 
1912, Henry H. Armstrong, professor of 
Latin and Greek at Oberlin College, 
Ohio ; and Allen Henry Ehrgood, a grad- 
uate of Amherst College, Massachusetts, 
now a law student at Pennsylvania L^ni- 
versity. 



HOLT, Richard Smith, 

Lawryer, Jurist. 

Judge Richard Smith Holt owes the 
prominent position which he today oc- 
cupies in the community entirely to his 



372 




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ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



own ability and exertions, having started 
out in life as a farmer's boy, and with 
but limited means and opportunities. He 
is a son of Samuel J. and Mary Ann 
(Taylor) Holt, a grandson of William 
Holt, a great-grandson of Thomas Holt 
Jr., and a great-great-grandson of 
Thomas Holt Sr. 

The family is of English origin. 
Thomas Flolt Sr. removed from the 
eastern part of Pennsylvania to Mifflin 
county, Pennsylvania, settling in Mc- 
Veytown, Oliver township, where he 
owned six hundred acres of land. Wil- 
liam Holt located in Brighton township, 
Beaver county, Pennsylvania, about 1833. 

Samuel Jacob Holt, father of Judge 
Holt, was born in Brighton township, 
Beaver county, Pennsylvania, and was 
reared on a farm. When grown he fol- 
lowed the occupation of teaming until 
he purchased a farm in Brighton town- 
ship, upon which he lived until 1898, 
when he abandoned farming and retired 
to Beaver, Pennsylvania, to live. He 
was united in marriage with Mary Ann 
Taylor, whose death occurred June 9, 
1898. Mrs. Holt was a daughter of Wil- 
liam B. Taylor, who in 1825 emigrated 
from the parish of Ballynahinch, Ireland, 
to America. He was born in the parish 
of Inch, county Down, Ireland. His 
father was John Taylor. 

Richard Smith Holt was born Decem- 
ber 15, i860, at Vanport, Beaver county, 
Pennsylvania. He was reared on his 
father's farm, assisting in the ordinary 
work of the place, and receiving his early 
education in the public schools of Brigh- 
ton township. After attending the public 
schools he attended Peirsol's Academy, 
Bridgewater, Pennsylvania, and subse- 
quently, the State Normal School at Ed- 
inboro, Pennsylvania. He taught school 
for several years, during the last three 
years of which time he was also a student 
of law at night and in the mornings, plac- 



ing himself under the instruction of Sam- 
uel B. Wilson, Esq., an eminent lawyer, 
of Beaver, Pennsylvania. On May 7, 
1888, he was admitted to the bar, and at 
once began practice on his own account 
in Beaver. He continued thus for a 
short time, and on January i, 1899, 
formed a partnership with George Wil- 
son, a son of his preceptor. This part- 
nership was most successful, and lasted 
for many years, the firm being engaged 
in a great number of the most important 
cases tried in Beaver courts. 

Mr. Holt brought to bear upon the 
practice of his profession the same in- 
dustry and application which he had 
manifested in the acquisition of his edu- 
cation, both general and legal ; and the 
result was that his standing in profes- 
sional circles was very soon in the front 
rank. In November, 1905, he was elected 
Presiding Judge of the Thirty-sixth Ju- 
dicial District of Pennsylvania, compris- 
ing Beaver county, the term of office to 
continue until January, 1916. In poli- 
tics he is a Republican. He is a mem- 
ber of a great number of lodges and or- 
ganizations. He belongs to the Order of 
Independent Americans, Knights of 
Pythias, Knights of the Golden Eagle, 
Woodmen of the World, Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks and to the In- 
dependent Order of Odd Fellows. 

Judge Holt married, August 21, 1884, 
Miss Sarah E. Brunton, daughter of Wil- 
liam A. and Mary Jane (Veazey) Brun- 
ton. Mr. Brunton was a farmer of the 
vicinity, and during the Civil War served 
as a soldier in the Union army. His wife, 
Mary Jane (Veazey) Brunton, was a 
daughter of Francis Veazey, and was 
born in Hopewell township, Beaver coun- 
ty, Pennsylvania. Judge and Mrs. Holt 
are the parents of six children, named as 
follows: Beulah G., Mary Jane, Eliza- 
beth W., Margaret A., Sarah E., and 
Eleanor T. 



373 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



JORDAN, John Woolf, LL.D., 

Iiitteratenr. 

John Woolf Jordan, LL.D., Librarian 
of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 
and an author of note, is descended from 
Frederick Jordan, of French extraction, 
who was born in county Kent, England, 
and came to America in his early man- 
hood, locating for a time in Pennsyl- 
vania, and then removing to Hunterdon 
county. New Jersey. He bore an hon- 
orable part in the Revolutionary War, 
serving in the Second Regiment, New 
Jersey Continental Line, participating in 
the Yorktown campaign. He married 
Catherine Eckel, of Bucks county, Penn- 
sylvania. Their son, John Jordan, was 
born in Hunterdon county, New Jersey. 
He entered the counting house of his 
uncle, Godfrey Haga, the eminent Phila- 
delphia merchant and philanthropist, 
whom he succeeded in the business. He 
married Elizabeth Henry, daughter of 
Hon. William Henry. Francis Jordan, 
son of John and Elizabeth (Henry) Jor- 
dan, was a native of Philadelphia, and 
became a prominent merchant in that 
city, and connected with a number of 
its important financial institutions. He 
married Emily Woolf, daughter of John 
Lewis and Margaret (Ewing) Woolf. 
Her father was a prominent citizen of 
Philadelphia; held many public positions, 
and was a lieutenant-colonel of militia 
during the second war with England. 
Her grandfather, Lewis Woolf, a native 
of Hanover, Germany, became a resident 
of Pottsgrove, Philadelphia (now Mont- 
gomery) county, and served in the Con- 
tinental army, in the Troop Marechausse, 
commanded by Captain Bartholomew 
Von Heer, and accoutred as light dra- 
goons. 

John Woolf Jordan, eldest son of 
Francis and Emily (Woolf) Jordan, was 
born in Philadelphia, September 14, 1840. 
He received his education in private 



schools in that city, and Nazareth Hall, 
from which he was graduated in 1856. 
During the "emergency" of 1863, when 
the State was invaded by the army under 
General Lee, he served in Starr's Battery, 
attached to the Thirty-second Regiment 
Pennsylvania Militia. 

As librarian of the Historical Society 
of Pennsylvania, Dr. Jordan (LL.D., La- 
fayette College, 1902) has charge of the 
splendid library and valuable archives of 
that institution, and since 1887 editor of 
the Pennsylvania Magazine of History 
and Biography, and of the present work : 
"Encyclopedia of Pennsylvania Biogra- 
phy." His contributions to local and 
general history are numerous and valu- 
able. He edited the Diary of Jacob Hiltz- 
heimer, of Philadelphia, 1765-1798; Or- 
derly Book of the Pennsylvania Regi- 
ment of Foot, 1777; Orderly Book, 
Fourth Pennsylvania Battalion, Col. An- 
thony Wayne, 1776; Orderly Book, Sec- 
ond Pennsylvania Line, Col. Henry Bick- 
er, 1778; Orderly Book, Gen. J. P. G. 
Muhlenberg, 1777; Orderly Book, Seven- 
teenth British Foot, Major Robert Clay- 
ton, 1778; John Martin Mack's narrative 
of a visit to Onondaga in 1752; Bishop 
J. C. F. Cammerhoflf's Journal of a Jour- 
ney to Shamokin, 1748 ; Annals of Wech- 
quetauk, Indian Mission, 1760-1763; An- 
nals of Wyalusing, Indian Mission. 
Among his writings are: "A Red Rose 
from the Olden Time, 1752-1772," 
"Friedenstahl and Its Stockaded Mill," 
"Narrative of John Heckwelder's Jour- 
ney to the Wabash in 1792," "John Heck- 
welder's Notes of Travel to Ohio, 1797," 
"Bishop A. G. Spangenberg's Journey to 
Onondaga in 1747," "Military Hospitals 
at Bethelem and Lititiz During the Revo- 
lution," "Revolutionary History of Beth- 
lehem, 1775-1783," "Battle of German- 
town," and "Franklin as a Genealogist." 
He has edited and contributed to numer- 
ous works such as "Colonial Families of 
Philadelphia," "Colonial and Revolution- 



374 




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ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ary Families of Pennsylvania," etc., etc. 

Dr. Jordan was first president of the 
Pennsylvania Federation of Historical 
Societies, vice-president of the Colonial 
Society of Pennsylvania, registrar of the 
Pennsylvania Society Sons of the Revo- 
lution, vice-president of the Swedish Co- 
lonial Society, honorary member of the 
Pennsylvania Society of the Cincinnati, 
and connected with many learned socie- 
ties. He is also a commissioner of Val- 
ley Forge Park, and holds a similar con- 
nection with the Commission for the 
Preservation of the Public Records of 
Pennsylvania. 

Dr. Jordan married Anne, daughter of 
Alfred and Rebecca Page, and has issue 
two sons and one daughter. 



VARE, William S., 

Congressman, Public Benefactor. 

There is no name in Philadelphia bet- 
ter known than that of William S. Vare, 
present Congressman from the First Con- 
gressional District of Pennsylvania, nor 
is there a man in the entire city with 
a greater personal following. He is a 
native-born Philadelphian, and until his 
election to Congress his entire interests 
were in his native city. Born in South 
Philadelphia, he never ceased his efforts 
to improve that section. He has lived 
with his constituency, worked with them 
and for them, and while much credit is 
due to the Business Men's Association 
for their efforts, it is to Mr. Vare that 
the credit is largely due, for the great im- 
provement in religious, industrial, educa- 
tional and social conditions in that part of 
Philadelphia commonly called "The Neck" 
— that portion of the city lying below 
South street, between the Schuylkill and 
Delaware rivers. To tabulate and explain 
his work of the past decade would require 
a volume ; but when the prosperity of the 
churches, the improved condition of the 
public schools, the splendid municipal 



improvements, and the ample police and 
fire protection, are contrasted with the 
"Neck" of old, there is but one answer — 
William S. Vare. Therein lies the secret 
of his political success and popularity. 
He has worked for his constituents' in- 
terest, and their gratitude is shown by 
their devotion to the interests of their 
friend. 

There is nothing selfish, however, in 
Mr. Vare's devotion to the interests of 
South Philadelphia. It is his home and 
he loves it. To that section he has given 
from his private purse with a generosity 
only inspired by love for the people 
among whom- his life has been spent. An 
instance among many is his donation of 
a year's salary as recorder of deeds ($io,- 
ooo), to Messiah Methodist Episcopal 
Church, at Moyamensing avenue and 
Morris street, as a tribute to the memory 
of a devoted Methodist mother who at- 
tended that church, later renamed by the 
trustees: The Abigail Vare Memorial 
Methodist Episcopal Church. This hon- 
ored woman, "The mother of seven sons 
and three daughters, and the mother prac- 
tically of unnumbered needy ones," is 
further remembered in that section by 
the naming after her of the first modern 
elementary school in South Philadelphia. 
She was a lifelong member of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal church, and exerted over 
her sons a strong influence, that her son, 
William S., testified to in these words, 
when asked to explain his success in life: 
"I had the benefit of a Christian home 
training. I was taught to be industrious, 
prudent in money matters and to value 
friendship." 

William S. Vare was born in the Vare 
homestead. Fourth street and Snyder ave- 
nue, Philadelphia, December 24, 1867. He 
attended public school, but left grammar 
school to take a position in a department 
store, soon earning promotion to the 
auditing department, an experience par- 
ticularly beneficial in its effect upon his 



375 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



future. Shortly after attaining majority 
he was elected a member of the execu- 
tive committee of the First Ward Re- 
publican Club, and soon after became 
president of the club. He quickly showed 
his genius for organization and became a 
recognized leader. In 1898 he was elected 
to Select Council from the First Ward, 
which then included the present Thirty- 
ninth Ward, and in 1901 was re-elected. 
His platform was characteristic : "My 
constituents' interests are my interests ; 
a greater navy yard ; more small parks 
and a greater League Island Park ; com- 
pletion of the boulevard ; better street 
railway facilities ; additional school build- 
ings ; better police and fire protection ; 
and streets graded and improved, so that 
builders may be encouraged and not 
handicapped." Unlike party platforms, 
his planks were meant to be literally con- 
strued, and in a great measure all his 
promises have been made good, so far as 
within his power. The "Greater Navy 
Yard" is a national affair, but much prog- 
ress has been made; his "Greater League 
Island Park" contains three hundred 
acres, artistically planned and modernly 
equipped as a people's resort and play- 
ground. To Mr. Vare too much credit 
cannot be given for this great boon to 
South Philadelphia. His promise of ad- 
ditional schools was most faithfully kept. 
The fine buildings at Broad and Jackson 
streets, the home of Southern High and 
Manual Training High School, are the 
result of his efforts and liberality. This 
is the first sectional public high school in 
the city and was dedicated in the most 
imposing manner. Other public schools 
in South Philadelphia testify to his con- 
cern for the education of the youth of 
that section. Better street railway facili- 
ties promised were also secured. Mr. 
Vare appeared before the board of di- 
rectors of the Rapid Transit Company 
and so successfully urged the cause of 
hfs constituents that free transfers were 



granted at nearly every important junc- 
tion. 

In 1896 he was appointed a mercantile 
appraiser by City Treasurer Clayton Mc- 
Michael. He was chosen president of 
the board and assigned to the business 
district of the city, in which the great 
department stores, hotels and important 
industrial establishments are located. On 
November 5, 1901, Mr. Vare was elected 
Recorder of Deeds of the city of Phila- 
delphia, and resigned his seat in Select 
Council. This is one of the most respon- 
sible and exacting of positions, and tested 
thoroughly Mr. Vare's fitness for a pub- 
lic trust. He was opposed for election 
by John Virdin, then recorder, a candi- 
date on the Municipal League and Union 
party tickets, the Democrats running 
their own candidate. Mr. Vare won over 
all by a majority of nearly 30,000 votes. 
In 1904 he was again chosen for the same 
office by the enormous vote of 211,018, 
against a total adverse vote of 42,520. 
Although the office of Recorder of Deeds 
has been regarded as a "one term" posi- 
tion, so ably had Mr. Vare administered 
his trust that in 1907 he was awarded, 
as a tribute to his capable administration, 
a third nomination. The vote, although 
not so large as in 1904, stood 140,058 for 
Mr. Vare, to 55,324 for the combined 
Democratic and City party candidates. 
This third election, without precedent, 
was most significant and deserved, as 
was proved at a public dinner given in 
his honor in 1907, when he was compli- 
mented, by those who had dealings with 
his office, upon his thorough business ad- 
ministration. Another flattering demon- 
stration in his honor occurred in 1908, 
on the return of Mr. Vare from a trip 
to Europe, when about one thousand of 
his business and political friends and 
neighbors dined with him on the sward 
at Essingen. This testimonial was under 
the auspices of the South Philadelphia 
Business Men's Association and the ward 



376 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



political committees of that section. That 
he placed the recorder's office on a plane 
of efficiency never before attained, was 
testified to in 1909, and from an unex- 
pected quarter. Secretary Waldo, of the 
Civil Service Reform Association, when 
testifying before a legislative committee 
of inquiry was asked his opinion of the 
recorder's office. He admitted it was ad- 
mirably managed, and attributed it to 
the "unusual executive gifts" possessed 
by Recorder Vare. This was a deserved 
endorsement, and the facts show that dur- 
ing his term of office the handling of 
deeds and mortgages had been so ex- 
pedited that trust companies, conveyan- 
cers and real estate agents who were 
formerly compelled to wait months to 
have such instruments recorded, could 
have them back in as many weeks. 

In 1912 Mr. Vare was elected to Con- 
gress, to fill a vacancy caused by the 
death of the sitting member. There was 
but little organized opposition to his elec- 
tion, the result being a foregone conclu- 
sion. Should he desire to remain in Con- 
gress, there is no doubt he will exert the 
same helpful influence for Philadelphia's 
welfare that has ever characterized his 
public life, and with the ripening judg- 
ment of maturer years become even a 
wiser, greater and more prominent friend 
of his people. Lest it should appear that 
Mr. Vare uses his popularity only to ad- 
vance his own interests, it should be 
stated that his district has been in times 
of stress and peril the strong bulwark of 
his party. In the dark days of 1905 it 
was the banner Republican district in the 
State, and in 1906 the fifteen thousand 
majority from the "Vare Wards" gave 
District Attorney Rotan his election, 
which was only won by a bare twelve 
thousand votes. In the Progressive re- 
volt of 1912, South Philadelphia remained 
true to party nominations and stood 
bravely by President Taft. 

The career of Congressman Vare has 



only begun, and, should he elect to re- 
main in public life, there is no office to 
which he has not an earned right to as- 
pire, and with his record of usefulness 
to recommend him there will be few to 
doubt his eminent fitness for any post 
of duty. A proven business man of abil- 
ity, an executive of unusual merit and 
a man whose personal honor stands un- 
impeached, is his record of forty-five 
years residence in Philadelphia, from 
boyhood to mature manhood. He is a 
member of Valks Lodge, No. 393, Free 
and Accepted Masons ; St. John's Chap- 
ter, No. 232, Royal Arch Masons ; Merry 
Commandery, No. 36, Knights Templar; 
Lulu Temple, Ancient Arabic Order 
Nobles of the Mystic Shrine ; a life mem- 
ber of Philadelphia Lodge, No. 2, Benevo- 
lent and Protective Order of Elks; and 
the Improved Order of Red Men. Mr. 
Vare also holds membership in the Army 
and Navy Club, Washington, D. C. ; the 
Manufacturers' Club, and all of the South 
Philadelphia Republican clubs. 

Mr. Vare married Ida Morris, daughter 
of Samuel Morris, of an old New Eng- 
land family. They have three daughters : 
Ida May, Beatrice and Mildred. 



DARE, Arthur, A.M., M.D., 
Physician, Surgeon, Anthor, Inventor. 

Dr. Arthur Dare, whose name is fa- 
miliar to the readers of scientific publi- 
cations and also as the inventor of sev- 
eral instruments which have proven of 
the utmost value in the advancement of 
the study of the blood as a clinical rou- 
tine, was born in Plattsburg, New York, 
December 24, 1869. Upon his gradu- 
ation from Jefferson Medical College of 
Philadelphia, in 1890, he began practice 
at No. 1419 Chestnut street, Philadelphia, 
and at once became a clinical assistant 
in the out-patient departments of Jeffer- 
son Hospital, changing from one depart- 
ment to another and gaining experience 



377 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



in the various branches of medicine and 
surgery. He eventually adopted internal 
medicine and diagnosis as his specialty. 
After long experience in the medical de- 
partment he was appointed Demonstrator 
of Physical Diagnosis to the sophomore 
classes and later Demonstrator of Medi- 
cine to the junior and senior classes of 
Jefiferson Medical College and held simi- 
lar clinics at the Philadelphia General 
Hospital (Blockley). 

In 1900 Dr. Dare devised and per- 
fected an instrument known later as the 
Dare hemoglobinometer ; this instrument 
was introduced to the medical profession 
by an article published in the Philadel- 
phia Medical Journal, September 22, 
igoo, and the Johns Hopkins Bulletin, 
describing "A New Hemoglobinometer 
for the Examination of Undiluted Blood ;" 
subsequently by demonstrations and 
papers read before the Philadelphia 
County Medical Society, the Johns Hop- 
kins University in Baltimore and by a 
monograph widely distributed to physi- 
cians, comparing the relative merits of 
non-dilution methods and those employ- 
ing the dilution of the blood with arti- 
ficial serums. The advantages of the in- 
strument were at once recognized by 
naval surgeons as being the most satis- 
factory method available on board ship, 
as the examination is not influenced by 
sea motion. It is the standard hemoglob- 
inometer of the army and is very widely 
employed in the hospitals and labora- 
tories and by reason of the simple tech- 
nique and the extremely short time re- 
quired to make an examination, which 
need not exceed two minutes, has ad- 
vanced enormously the routine study of 
the blood in the private practice of phy- 
sicians. 

Dr. Dare then turned his attention to 
the study of chemistry of the blood and 
in 1903 demonstrated a new instrument 
for the determination of the alkalinity of 
the blood at the Johns Hopkins Univer- 



sity in Baltimore and later before the 
Pathological Society of Philadelphia and 
the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy. 
The new method of hemo-alkalimetry 
substituted the spectroscope for the un- 
certain method of determining the reac- 
tion by color indicators, as litmus, etc. 
"The spectroscope is an indicator of such 
delicacy that it can show the presence 
of sodium in the sun ninety-five million 
miles from this planet." By means of 
this extremely accurate instrument he 
was able to demonstrate that a marked 
relation existed between the alkalinity of 
normal blood and the color index; in 
health that they run altogether parallel, 
that in disease this relation is altered. 
His paper (read at the Johns Hopkins 
University, April 6, 1903), "A New 
Method of Hemo-Alkalimetry and a New 
Hemo-Alkalimeter," gave a chart show- 
ing the characteristic changes in certain 
pathological conditions studied. Dr. Dare 
occupied the position as physician to the 
hospital and teacher of medicine to Jef- 
ferson College until taken ill with ty- 
phoid fever. This illness necessitated en- 
tire suspension of the practice of medi- 
cine for two years. During this period, 
while rebuilding his constitution in the 
Adirondacks, he began the study of 
acoustics and in 1908 was granted United 
States letters patent for sound transmit- 
ting devices. This was preliminary to a 
device for silencing or rendering inaudi- 
ble the speaker's voice when conversing 
over the electric telephone : the coherence 
of speech is destroyed to the outside of 
the instrument into which the operator 
converses, while the conversation is heard 
naturally over the line at the distal end. 
This device is practically perfected and 
promises a marked advance in telephony. 
Dr. Dare has been engaged in active 
practice and scientific medical research 
since his return to Philadelphia in the 
fall of 1907. His profession constitutes 



378 





^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the paramount interest in his life. He 
recognizes the fact that herein is his 
opportunity for doing good to his fel- 
lowmen, and while he is not without 
that laudable ambition for success which 
is the stimulus for all business endeavor, 
he has at the same time given freely of 
his professional service and talent for 
the benefit of mankind. 



DENT, Henry H., 

Business Man. 

Henry H. Dent, president of the Dent 
Hardware Company, is a native of Eng- 
land. He was born in 1861, a son of 
Joseph and Sarah (Hewitt) Dent, who 
were also natives of England. In 1866 
the parents emigrated to the United 
States with their family, locating in New- 
ark, New Jersey, where the father carried 
on business as an architect and builder. 
To him and his wife were born thirteen 
children, seven of whom are still living, 
namely : Emma, Elizabeth, Sarah, Julia, 
Nellie, Henry H. and Edwin. 

Henry H. Dent completed his educa- 
tion by graduation in the high school of 
Newark, New Jersey. In his youth he 
occupied various clerical positions, act- 
ing as bookkeeper and in other capacities, 
and in 1889 he removed to Allentown, 
where he again accepted a position as 
bookkeeper. In 1894 he became superin- 
tendent of the Allentown Hardware Com- 
pany, and the following year on the 
incorporation of the Dent Hardware 
Company, was chosen president, and has 
since acted in this capacity, bringing to 
bear his keen discrimination and un- 
faltering-energy in the successful conduct 
of what has become one of the leading 
and most productive industries of Allen- 
town. 

In 1880, Henry H. Dent was united in 
marriage to Miss Jessie Roder, of New 
Jersey, and they have two children : 
Harry C. and Walter R. Dent. 



WIGLEY, Arthur B., 

Mercantile Agency Executive. 

Some men there are of interests so 
varied and talents so versatile as to ren- 
der the task of describing them extremely 
difficult. Moving in so many spheres of 
endeavor and conspicuous in all, they 
seem to belong in almost equal measure 
to each one. Such was the case with the 
late Arthur Benjamin Wigley, for more 
than thirty years manager of the Pitts- 
burgh office of the R. G. Dun & Com- 
pany Mercantile Agency. Mr. Wigley 
was prominent not only as a business 
man but also by reason of his long and 
close connection with the charitable in- 
terests of the city, while his association 
with fraternal circles was so intimate and 
conspicuous as to render the record of 
his career an essential part of their an- 
nals. 

Arthur Benjamin Wigley was born De- 
cember 30, 1848, in Uttoxeter, England, 
and was a son of Josiah and Mary 
(Steele) Wigley. His education was re- 
ceived in his native country and in Can- 
ada, whither his parents emigrated when 
he was but eight years old. At the age 
of eighteen he entered the Toronto office 
of the R. G. Dun & Company Mercantile 
Agency, where his faithfulness and abil- 
ity soon attracted the notice of his su- 
periors, causing him to be steadily and 
rapidly advanced. In 1869, when he was 
but twenty-one years of age, he was ap- 
pointed manager of the office of the Dun 
agency at Toledo, Ohio. Such was his 
efficiency in this position that two years 
later he was promoted to the manager- 
ship of the offices in Louisville, Ken- 
tucky, and in October, 1876, succeeded to 
the place which he filled so successfully 
during the remainder of his life — that of 
manager of the agency's office in Pitts- 
burgh. 

As Daniel Webster has said, "Credit 
has done more, a thousand times, to en- 



379 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



rich nations, than all the mines of all the 
world," and the necessities of the mer- 
chant, the manufacturer and the banker 
brought into existence what is known as 
the Mercantile Agency, R. G. Dun & 
Company being the oldest, largest and 
most complete organization of its kind 
in the world. The Pittsburgh office was 
established in 1852, and during Mr. Wig- 
ley's administration the business greatly 
increased, branches being set up at 
Wheeling, Canton, Youngstown, Zanes- 
ville and East Liverpool. In all the posi- 
tions which he successively filled he ex- 
hibited remarkable executive ability, an 
astonishingly clear perception of the 
wants of the different organizations and 
a judgment that was seldom at fault 
when their financial policy was to be con- 
sidered. As manager of the Pittsburgh 
office his business interests were of a 
most important nature, demanding the 
services of one whose ability was of a 
superior order and whose well balanced 
forces were manifest in sound judgment 
and a ready and rapid understanding of 
any problem that might be presented for 
solution. He combined with capable 
management and unfaltering enterprise 
a spirit of justice, and while the business 
was carefully systematized in order that 
there might be no needless expenditure 
of time, material or labor, never did he 
make the mistake of regarding his em- 
ployes merely as parts of a great ma- 
chine, but recognized their individuality, 
making it a rule that faithful and effi- 
cient service should be promptly re- 
warded with promotion as opportunity 
offered. 

In all concerns relative to the city's 
welfare Mr. Wigley's interest was deep 
and sincere, and wherever substantial aid 
would further public progress it was 
freely given. In politics he was a Re- 
publican, and, while steadily refusing to 
hold office, ever gave loyal support to all 
measures calculated to promote the best 



interests of Pittsburgh. Widely but un- 
ostentatiously charitable, no good work 
done in the name of philanthropy or re- 
ligion sought his co-operation in vain. 
He was one of the organizers, when first 
formed, of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church of the Ascension, and was a 
member until his death. 

Among Mr. Wigley's most noticeable 
characteristics was the active interest 
which he took in fraternal organizations. 
He was initiated in St. John's Lodge, No. 
219, F. and A. M., of which he became 
master in 1893 ; and he was also promi- 
nent in Scottish Rite Masonry. In 1878 
he became a member of Pittsburgh Com- 
mandery, No. i. Knights Templar, sev- 
eral times held the office of eminent com- 
mander, and during the triennial conclave 
held some years ago in Pittsburgh, was 
one of those who made it such a brilliant 
sviccess. He was president of the Ma- 
sonic Country Club and the Masonic 
Fund Society, and vice-president of the 
Masonic Veterans of Pennsylvania, an 
organization of distinction in the order. 
He was also a member of the Duquesne, 
Pittsburgh, and the Pittsburgh Athletic 
Clubs. 

Of fine personal appearance and im- 
posing presence, Mr. Wigley's resolute 
countenance and searching eyes were in- 
dicative of his energy of mind, aggressive 
disposition and resourceful intellect, and 
they were also expressive of a genial na- 
ture rich in those beautiful qualities 
which win and hold friends. Courteous, 
dignified, kindly in manner and speech, 
quick and decisive in character, but al- 
ways considerate of others and exceed- 
ingly generous, he was a gentleman in 
every sense of the word. 

Mr. Wigley married (first) in 1875, 
Anna Maria Lynch, of Brampton, On- 
tario, who died in 1877. They had one 
child, Mary Anna. He married (second) 
in 1880, Blanche Evans, of Bristol, Eng- 
land, who died in 1887. They had three 



380 




^7^ 




^-^S-^^^d^ ^^- / - lA-2^^^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



children: Chas. ; Alice Blanche, who mar- 
ried Arthur Vail Spinosa, of Pittsburgh ; 
and Grace Ellsmore. He married (third) 
July 27, 1892, Marion Louisa, daughter 
of George and Sarah (Thistle) Green, of 
Brampton, Canada. They had six chil- 
dren : Norman, Walter Franklin, Don- 
ald Thistle, Louis Alexander, Alan Ben- 
jamin, and Kathleen Phyllis St. John 
Wigley. Mrs. Wigley is a woman of 
grace, charm and tact, and gifted with 
foresight and business acumen of a high 
order. The beautiful home over which 
she presides is noted for its refined and 
openhanded hospitality. 

The death of Mr. Wigley, which oc- 
curred March 16. 1910, removed from 
Pittsburgh one who throughout his ca- 
reer was the soul of honor, distinguished 
by a loyalty to principle which won the 
unqualified respect and regard of every 
associate and friend. Broad in views, 
buoyant in disposition, honest, sincere 
and self-reliant, he stood for many years 
as one of the most eminent and valued 
citizens of Pittsburgh. 

Arthur Benjamin Wigley was one of 
those men who are widely remembered 
because they touched life at so many 
points. As business man and citizen he 
rendered notable service to his commun- 
ity. As friend, as neighbor, as member 
of fraternal organizations, he was loved 
as few men have been, and today his 
memory is cherished in numberless 
hearts. 



ORMROD, George, 

Man of Iiarge Affairs. 

George Ormrod, of Allentown, Penn- 
sylvania, has been a promoter of several 
important enterprises in coal, iron and 
cement that have contributed to the de- 
velopment and substantial upbuilding of 
the Schuylkill and Lehigh Valleys, and 
is today progressive and active in the 
management of his business aflfairs, and 



may well be called one of the Captains 
of Industries. 

He was born July 13th, 1839, at Pres- 
ton, Lancashire, England, and when nine- 
teen years of age left Manchester, Eng- 
land, May 17, 1859, for the United States, 
to visit his uncle, William Donaldson 
(his mother's brother), who was then 
proprietor of a large anthracite colliery 
in Tamaqua, Schuylkill county, Pennsyl- 
vania. 

A couple of weeks later, after Mr. Orm- 
rod's arrival in Tamaqua, June i8th, 
1859, his uncle, William Donaldson, met 
with an accident at about five hundred 
feet below the surface in his own col- 
liery at Tamaqua, and was burned about 
his head by an explosion of firedamp. 
This resulted in his death, July 20th, 
1859, age fifty-six and one-half years. 
Mr. Ormrod was then prevailed upon by 
his cousins to remain in Tamaqua, and 
was soon after put to work as outside 
assistant 'superintendent at his uncle's 
colliery, called "The Shaft Colliery" at 
Tamaqua, Pennsylvania. 

Owing to the death of his father, 
George Ormrod, when less than two 
years of age, was taken to raise by an 
uncle and aunt, from Preston to Man- 
chester, England, and in his early boy- 
hood days attended the Quaker schools, 
and later was educated in the private 
schools of that city. He also attended 
the School of Design in IManchester, later 
working nearly two years in a railway 
locomotive shop at Gorton, near Man- 
chester, just previous to his leaving 
Liverpool, England, for the L'nited 
States, May 17th, 1859. 

Mr. Ormrod's father, also his grand- 
father, spelled their name with the letter 
"e" in it, as "Ormerod," and it is so 
marked on their gravestones in the 
Church of England graveyards in Pres- 
ton, and at Bolton, Lancashire, England. 
Why the "e" was left out he does not 



381 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



know, unless his uncle, William Mark- 
land, taught him to leave it out. 

Mr. Ormrod married, in 1861, Permilla 
Johnson, the oldest daughter of John H. 
and Catherine H. Johnson, of Tamaqua, 
Pennsylvania, and soon after joined his 
father-in-law, Mr. Johnson (formerly of 
the firm of Radcliff & Johnson, colliery 
proprietors at Tamaqua and Beaver 
Meadows, Pennsylvania), in the opera- 
tion of an anthracite colliery at the Upper 
Mines on the north-east side of Tamaqua, 
Pennsylvania, for several years. Later, 
Mr. Ormrod, with his father-in-law, Mr. 
Johnson, and his cousin, John Donald- 
son, with several others, built in 1865 and 

1866 and operated until December, 1879, 
the Girard Mammoth Colliery at Raven 
Run, Schuylkill county, Pennsylvania. 
Mr. Ormrod was manager of the colliery 
and also a director, and lived at Raven 
Run about ten and one-half years, from 

1867 to 1877, during the trouble with the 
Mollie Maguires. Mr. Ormrod was then 
made president of the Coal Company, 
and shortly after he moved to Philadel- 
phia, and in 1879 they sold the colliery 
to the Philadelphia & Reading Coal and 
Iron Co. 

Mr. Ormrod, during these many years, 
was also a stockholder and director in 
the St. Nicholas Coal Co., operating the 
St. Nicholas colliery near Mahanoy City, 
Pennsylvania, and was later made presi- 
dent of the Coal Company, and during 
this time, from 1878 to 1881, he resided 
in Germantown, Philadelphia, Pennsyl- 
vania. They finally sold the colliery to 
the Philadelphia & Reading Coal and 
Iron Co., and leased the Emaus Blast 
Furnace from the same party. 

Early in the month of August, 1880, 
while repairs were being made to the 
Emaus Blast Furnace by the Philadel- 
phia & Reading Coal and Iron Co., Mr. 
Ormrod, by request of Mr. Robert 
Thomas, president of the Thomas Coal 
Co., took temporary charge of their Keh- 



ley Run Colliery at Shenandoah, Schuyl- 
kill county, Pennsylvania. Owing to an 
accident at this colliery, the general man- 
ager and his two inside foremen lost their 
lives through being overcome by the 
deadly mine gases a couple of days before 
Mr. Ormrod took charge. The mine was 
on fire, and while Mr. Ormrod, with the 
chief engineer, on September ist, were 
making an examination inside the mines, 
at a depth of over five hundred feet be- 
low the surface, an explosion of mine 
gas occurred, killing his inside foreman 
and injuring several others, while Mr. 
Ormrod narrowly escaped with his life. 
He received several severe bruises, his 
left foot being the most severe, which 
took about a month's time to recover. 

Early in 1880, Mr. Ormrod, with his 
cousin, John Donaldson, and W. S. 
Thomas, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 
and H. H. Fisher, of Allentown, Pennsyl- 
vania, leased the Emaus Blast Furnace 
at Emaus, Lehigh county, Pennsylvania, 
from the Philadelphia & Reading Coal 
and Iron Co., for the purpose of manu- 
facturing pig iron, under the firm name 
of Ormrod, Fisher & Co., with Mr. Orm- 
rod as manager and treasurer, and after 
two years of operation the furnace was 
put out of blast, and owing to the de- 
pression in the pig iron trade the furnace 
lease was given up several years later. 
Mr. Ormrod moved from Germantown, 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to Allentown, 
Pennsylvania, April 6th, 1881. 

In 1883 the same parties purchased 
land near the furnace and built the 
Emaus Pipe Foundry for manufacturing 
cast iron pipe and special castings for 
water and gas for street mains, the busi- 
ness being conducted as Ormrod, Fisher 
& Co. until 1886, when the firm was 
changed to a corporation and was incor- 
porated August 9th, 1886, and called 
"The Donaldson Iron Co.," with John 
Donaldson as president, and Mr. Ormrod 
as manager and treasurer, up to the time 



382 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of Mr. Donaldson's death, in 1906. Then 
Mr. Ormrod was made president, and has 
been president and treasurer since, and 
retains that position at the present time. 
The first cast of pipes was made October 
13th, 1883. The works have been en- 
larged several times, and now give em- 
ployment to over five hundred men, and 
the yearly output amounts to about 50,- 
000 tons of cast iron pipe and special 
castings. They own about seventy-one 
acres of land and thirty-six houses, also 
their own water supply from two reser- 
voirs, and electric light and power plant, 
and have a well equipped machine shop 
and pattern shop with modern machinery, 
in connection with the pipe foundry. 
They have been in continuous operation 
for the past thirty years, and have been 
very successful. 

In 1893, Mr. Ormrod joined Thomas 
D. Whitaker, his son-in-law, and others, 
in organizing the Whitaker Cement Co., 
with Charles A. Matcham as manager, 
for manufacturing Portland cement at 
Whitaker Station, on the Lehigh Valley 
railroad, three miles east of Phillipsburg, 
New Jersey, now called Alpha. This was 
the first Portland cement plant in New 
Jersey, and the second plant in the 
United States to make Portland cement 
by the rotary kiln method. Mr. Whita- 
ker, while on a hunting trip up in the 
Pocono Mountains, above Delaware 
Water Gap, in November, 1895, con- 
tracted a severe cold which caused his 
death, March 7th, 1896, age thirty-six 
years, and soon after the name of the 
company was changed to the Alpha Port- 
land Cement Co., Alpha, New Jersey, in 
which Mr. Ormrod and his daughter, 
Mrs. Whitaker, still retain a large in- 
terest. 

In the latter part of 1897, Mr. Ormrod, 
in company with Colonel H. C. Trexler 
as president, E. M. Young, Charles A. 
Matcham, and others, organized the Le- 
high Portland Cement Co., with Mr. 



Matcham as manager, of AUentown, 
Pennsylvania, of which Mr. Ormrod is 
second vice-president. The company 
commenced making cement at Mill "A," 
at Ormrod, in August, 1898. They have 
been very progressive, and now have 
three cement plants at Ormrod, one at 
West Coplay, one at Fogelsville, Lehigh 
county, Pennsylvania, also have six ce- 
ment plants out west. 

Mr. Ormrod was president of the 
Whitehall Street Railway Company for a 
couple of years, a trolley line about five 
miles long, running from Egypt to 
Levans, on the Slatington line. 

Mr. Ormrod has been actively engaged 
in business for about fifty-two years — 
first in anthracite coal, then pig iron, 
afterward cast iron pipe, and then in the 
cement business ; about twenty years in 
the anthracite coal business, in Schuylkill 
county, Pennsylvania, until 1880, then 
about two years making pig iron at 
Emaus Furnace, Pennsylvania, and in 
the fall of 1883 commenced making cast 
iron pipe at the same place, and kept 
in continuous operation for about thirty 
years, up to the present time. Mr. Orm- 
rod has been in the cement business since 
1893, and is largely interested at the pres- 
ent time. 

Mr. Ormrod is a charter member and 
was also for three years prior to March, 
1904, president of the Livingston Club 
of AUentown, Pennsylvania, the leading 
club organization in the city, with a 
membership of about one hundred and 
fifty of the prominent business men of 
the town. Mr. Ormrod is a director of 
the Lehigh Valley Trust Co., of Allen- 
town, Pennsylvania, and also a trustee 
of the AUentown Hospital. He is a mem- 
ber of the Lehigh Country Club of Al- 
lentown, also a member of the Union 
League and the ^Manufacturers Club of 
Philadelphia, and of the Pomfret Club 
of Easton, Pennsylvania. He has also 
been a member of the Franklin Institute 



383 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of Philadelphia, and a member of the 
American Institute of Mining Engineers 
of New York City since 1881. He is 
also a member of the Pennsylvania So- 
ciety of New York City. 

Mr. Ormrod had one brother and two 
sisters, children of George and Margaret 
Ormrod. His elder sister died in 1859, 
and the younger sister in 1912. His elder 
brother, John Ormrod, is still living in 
Preston, England, and was mayor of 
Preston in 1905 and 1906. He is in the 
leather business, and has resided in 
Preston all his life, and takes an active 
part in Select Council and town affairs 
generally. 

Mr. Ormrod is a Republican in poli- 
tics. He and his family are members of 
Grace Episcopal Church of Allentown, 
Pennsylvania. Mr. Ormrod has had con- 
tinuous good health, with a couple of 
exceptions, and has been active all his 
life. 

Mr. Ormrod's father died in Preston in 
1841. His mother died December ist, 
1895, at Preston, England, in her nineti- 
eth year. Her maiden name was Mar- 
garet Donaldson. She was a twin, and 
was born October 5th, 1806, at Middle- 
ton-in-Teesdale, county of Durham, in 
the north of England. She visited the 
United States, arriving at New York, 
September 12th, 1871, remaining here 
about ten months. 

Mr. Ormrod's wife, Permilla, died sud- 
denly October 4th, 191 1, at Pocono 
Manor, Pennsylvania, age sixty-eight 
years. They were married nearly fifty- 
one years at the time of Mrs. Ormrod's 
death. Her maiden name was Permilla 
Johnson. 

Mr. Ormrod has five children, all liv- 
ing — Margaret, the oldest, who married 
Charles A. Matcham, formerly manager 
of the Alpha Portland Cement Co., and 
later in 1897 was one of the organizers 
of the Lehigh Portland Cement Co., and 
manager until December, 1906. Mr. 



Matcham died September 22nd, 191 1, at 
Allentown, Pennsylvania, age forty-nine 
and one-half years. He left three chil- 
dren. 

Catherine, widow of the late Thomas 
D. Whitaker, formerly a member of the 
firm of Wm. Whitaker & Sons, manu- 
facturers of cotton and woolen goods at 
Cedar Grove and Frankford, near Phila- 
delphia, and later was president of the 
Whitaker Cement Co., has one child, a 
young man named Francis. He is a 
member of the Union League of Phila- 
delphia, and Livingston Club of Allen- 
town, Pennsylvania, also a member of 
the Lehigh Country Club of Allentown, 
and the Northampton Country Club. 

John Donaldson Ormrod married 
Mary J. Rose, daughter of Henry T. 
Rose, iron fence manufacturer of Allen- 
town, Pennsylvania, and has two chil- 
dren. He is vice-president and superin- 
tendent of the Donaldson Iron Works at 
Emaus, Pennsylvania, also a director in 
the Emaus National Bank, and a member 
of the Union League and the Manufac- 
turers Club of Philadelphia, and the Liv- 
ingston Club of Allentown. All are mem- 
bers of the Lehigh Country Club of Al- 
lentown, Pennsylvania. He is also a 
member of the American Institute of 
Mining Engineers of New York City. 

Mary A. is married to Captain H. S. 
MacLaine, formerly captain in the Royal 
Irish Rifles of Belfast, Ireland, and lives 
in Allentown. He is graduate of Foyle 
College, Londonderry, Ireland, and son 
of Mr. and Mrs. George Langtry Mac- 
Laine, of Wadsworth House, Belfast, 
Ireland. Both are members of the Le- 
high Country Club. 

Fannie Markland, the wife of John 
Saeger, of the Saeger Milling Co., living 
at Allentown, also member of the Le- 
high Country Club of Allentown, Penn- 
sylvania. Mr. Saeger is also a member 
of the Livingston Club of Allentown. 
They have one child, a son. 



384 




^4>^r/^^2 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



In 1897 Mr. Ormrod built a handsome 
residence at No. 1227 Hamilton street, 
Allentown, Pennsylvania, where he now 
resides. 



URE, Rev. David M., 

Clergyman, Educator. 

Of all the distinguished men who have 
shed lustre upon the State of Pennsyl- 
vania, whether born within her boundar- 
ies or on other soil, none has left a better 
record, a brighter fame, or a stronger 
hold upon the affections of the people, 
than the late David ]\Iickleham Ure. He 
was a gentleman of splendid poise and 
mental attainments, which were balanced 
by so fine a sense of justice that all who 
knew him respected and admired him. 

David M. Ure was a native of Scot- 
land, born in Buchlyvie, Sterlingshire, 
May 10, 1834. His ancestors were peo- 
ple of sterling character and prominent 
in Scottish annals, whose descendants 
are to be found in industrial, professional 
and philanthropic circles. His paternal 
grandfather, Walter Ure, of Belfron, 
Scotland, was a farmer of prominence in 
his day, and a Presbyterian in religion. 
He had four sons : James, Robert, Alex- 
ander and John. Alexander became a 
leading lawyer in Glasgow, where he 
married and reared two children. His 
daughter, Isabella, became wife of John 
Elder, a prominent marine engineer, 
member of the great ship-building firm 
of Randolph & Elder, on the river Clyde. 
During his life John Elder amassed great 
wealth, all of which was given to charity. 
His wife carried on his philanthropic 
work after his death, being much inter- 
ested in the social, intellectual and relig- 
ious welfare of the laboring people. 

David M. Ure was the youngest of 
the eight children of Robert and Jean 
(Mickleham) Ure, inheriting the super- 
ior characteristics of his forebears. Early 
in life he made a public profession of 



faith, and while yet young consecrated 
his life to the ministry. When four 
years old his parents came to America. 
They first settled at Columbus, and later 
at Springfield, Ohio, where they were 
prominent in the Reformed Presbyterian 
church. In 1852 they removed to the 
then territory of Iowa, settling on a farm 
near Cedar Rapids. David M. received 
his academic education in Washington, 
Iowa, and at Xenia, Ohio, where he com- 
pleted his preparatory course. He then 
entered Miami University at Oxford, 
Ohio, graduating in the class of 1858, re- 
ceiving second honors in a class of forty- 
one. He studied theology in Allegheny 
Seminary, was licensed by the Presby- 
tery of Monongahela, April 8, 1861, and 
was ordained by the Presbytery of 
Argyle, New York, October 8, 1862, as 
pastor of Argyle congregation, where he 
successfully stayed for ten years. In 
1872 he accepted a call to the Second 
Church, Monmouth, Illinois, but resigned 
this to become business manager of Mon- 
mouth College, where he stayed twelve 
years. He was associated with the late 
David Wallace, D.D., LL.D., in build- 
ing up and placing on a firm foundation 
this institution in the West, which has 
done so much for the United Presby- 
terian church. By his rare judgment 
and handling of the college funds, Dr. 
Ure became known as a man whose judg- 
ment was safe and integrity unques- 
tioned. Fine-grained, delicate in sensi- 
bilities and keenly sensitive, it was not 
easy to know him ; best known he was 
most prized. He was undemonstrative, 
yet always moving toward some great 
accomplishment. Quiet, contemplative, 
self-contained, yet with brain and heart 
ever inspired by some grand ideal, to 
the realization of which, in passionate 
devotion, he gave himself unreservedly 
and unflinchingly, with concentration and 
constancy. He had no thought of mak- 
ing this his life work, as his desire was 



385 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



to preach the gospel, and it was only 
when he realized that God plainly called 
him to do this great work in the cause 
of Christian education that he abandoned 
pastoral labor and accepted the position 
of business manager of the United Pres- 
byterian Seminary of Allegheny, Penn- 
sylvania (now Northside, Pittsburgh), 
his comprehensive grasp of affairs en- 
abling him to render invaluable service 
to the institution and church at large. 
For seventeen years he was business 
manager of Allegheny Seminary, and to 
him is largely due its present equipment 
and commanding position. 

Although separated from active min- 
isterial duties. Dr. Ure retained his love 
for that calling, and often served in dif- 
ferent localities as opportunities came to 
him. As a speaker Dr. Ure was versa- 
tile, eloquent, logical and entertaining. 
His voice was clear, round and full of 
pathos when necessary, while his address 
was always winning and never failed to 
command the attention of his audience. 
He was particularly happy in the choice 
of language, and his sentences, while 
free from anything which indicated awe, 
anxiety or study, were faultless in for- 
mation. He was ruling elder of First 
Church, Allegheny, active in all church 
and charitable work, and was a generous 
contributor to Allegheny Theological 
Seminary, and ever took a deep interest 
in its young students, aiding them in 
many ways. He sought no flattery, was 
a stranger to arrogance and pride, and 
halted at no barriers in the accomplish- 
ment of what he had in hand. He was 
always genial, gentle and tender. 

Dr. Ure married, November 21, 1857, 
at Buffalo, New York, Frances M., 
youngest daughter of John and Martha 
(Rowan) McClellan, who survives him. 
By this marriage Dr. Ure gained the life 
companionship of a charming and con- 
genial woman, who was fitted in all 
things to be his ideal helpmate. Mrs. 



Ure is well known in Pittsburgh social 
and philanthropic circles. 

The death of Dr. Ure, which occurred 
in Pittsburgh, April 24, 1906, removed 
from the city and state a man of fine 
natural endowments, spotless probity of 
character and useful influence, but he 
left behind him a record which should 
prove an inspiration to every American 
boy. His distinguished bearing, his high- 
bred face, and his noble head crowned 
with snow-white hair, made a striking 
impression on strangers, while all those 
who encountered him in social circles felt 
the charm of his personality. Few men 
have ever been endowed with more nota- 
ble social gifts, charm of manner and 
voice, an unfailing tact, an ever-luminous 
sense of humor, quick generous sympa- 
thies, and, greatest of all, the subtle fac- 
ulty of making all about him appear at 
their best. Around his home he shed a 
benign influence, which was as the sum- 
mer evening's glow upon the land which 
the morning and noon has brightened 
and blessed, and at his death, it could be 
said of no other more truthfully than of 
him, that he left the world better for 
having lived in it. Fortunate indeed is 
the city that has such men for its ex- 
emplars. 



FOW, John H., 

Iiawyer, Iiegislator, Author. 

While the practice of law is the cen- 
tral interest in the life of John H. Fow, 
it has not precluded his activity in con- 
nection with movements and projects 
which are tangible elements in municipal 
progress, and in the promotion of his- 
torical and educational matters. His opin- 
ions bear weight in political circles and 
few men, not actively in touch with poli- 
tics as office seekers, have given such 
close attention to the study of the vital 
and significant problems before the coun- 
try today. 



386 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Mr. Fow was born in Philadelphia, 
June 23, 185 1, and comes of a stock sturdy 
in mental as well as physical strength. 
His parents were Jacob and Margaret 
Fow. Jacob Fow died in 1867 and his 
wife Margaret lived to an advanced age. 
She was a granddaughter of Michael 
Guerlinger, of the regiment of the Due 
de Lauzun, of the French allies at York- 
town. John H. Fow's great-grandfather, 
Matthew Fow, was a member of Captain 
Harmar's company of the First Penn- 
sylvania Battalion, which was raised by 
order of the Continental Congress on the 
I2th of October, 1775, commanded by 
Colonel DeHass. The ancestry of the 
family in America can be traced back to 
1728, when they were first established in 
Philadelphia. 

John H. Fow was educated in the pub- 
lic schools of his native city and studied 
law in the office of the Hon. F. Carroll 
Brewster, being admitted to the bar in 
1878. His marked ability and personal 
popularity soon won him a prominent 
place in the legal fraternity of Philadel- 
phia. Taking an active part in political 
affairs, he soon became a well known 
figure in municipal and State politics, 
being a member of the Democratic State 
Committee in 1882 and 1883, and for 
three years vice-president of the Demo- 
cratic State League, of which organiza- 
tion he was the first president ; he served 
for two terms in the Philadelphia City 
Council, 1885 and 1887, and in 1888 was 
elected to the House of Representatives 
of the State of Pennsylvania ; he was re- 
elected in 1890, 1892 and 1894, and again 
elected in 1898, serving the term 1899- 
1900, and afterward elected to the extra- 
ordinary session of 1906. He served on 
the committees of Judiciary, Railroads, 
and Appropriations, and was chairman 
of the celebrated Quay (Matthew S.) 
Senatorial Investigating Committee, in 
the year 1899, and was also chairman of 
the Democratic caucus in 1894 and 1895. 



It is worthy of note that Mr. Fow was 
the only Democrat in 1895 elected to the 
Pennsylvania State Legislature from the 
territory east of the Susquehanna river 
and south of the Lehigh. He was a mem- 
ber of one of the committees having in 
charge the bi-centennial celebration of the 
settlement of Pennsylvania in the year 
1882, and took an active part in the cen- 
tennial celebration of the adoption of the 
Constitution of the United States, held 
in Philadelphia in 1887; he was also 
prominent in connection with the cere- 
monies attending the unveiling of the 
Washington monument in Fairmount 
Park in 1897. 

Mr. Fow won a reputation in the field 
of journalism as a special correspondent 
of the Philadelphia Evening Star at Har- 
risburg for a number of years, and also 
during the World's Columbian Exposi- 
tion at Chicago, in the year 1893. He 
has been a delegate to the sessions of the 
International League of Press Clubs, and 
he represented the Pen and Pencil Club 
of Philadelphia at Atlanta, in 1894, at 
Philadelphia, in 1895, and at Buffalo in 
the year 1896. Mr. Fow was a commis- 
sioner of the Cotton States Exposition 
at Atlanta, in 1895, representing the State 
of Pennsylvania. Mr. Fow was the first 
president of the Willow Grove Trolley 
Railway. In this capacity his rational 
and practical views gained for him a con- 
siderable respect in business circles. 

The subject of this sketch is a writer 
of considerable force and has contributed 
some very valuable articles to various 
publications. His paper on "Washington 
Crossing the Delaware" led to the adop- 
tion of the bronze tablet representing 
Pennsylvania on the Battle Monument at 
Trenton, New Jersey. This article was 
founded on old records and documents 
which Mr. Fow consulted, along with 
the late Adjutant-General Stryker, of 
New Jersey, and a former governor of 
Pennsylvania, Robert E. Pattison, and is 



387 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



historically correct in every particular. 
It represents General Washington sitting 
in the stern of a small boat which is 
being rowed by a man named Cadwalla- 
der, while General Knox sits in the bow 
of the boat. Mr. Fow is the author of a 
book entitled, "The True Story of the 
American Flag," wherein he shows con- 
clusively that the claim made by the de- 
scendants of Elizabeth, commonly called 
"Betsy" Ross, has absolutely no founda- 
tion in fact, either documentary or of 
record, and is simply a tradition or a 
legend. On the completion of this vol- 
ume a distinguished American historian 
wrote to Mr. Fow congratulating him on 
having dealt the "death-blow" to the per- 
sistent Betsy Ross tradition. 

On April 5th, 1913, the judges and law- 
yers of the Philadelphia bar gave to Mr. 
Fow a testimonial dinner on the occa- 
sion of the completion of his thirty-five 
years of professional service. The com- 
pany numbered about one hundred and 
fifty persons. Judge Robert N. Willson, 
who presided, said, in the course of his 
address, "Above all his attainments as a 
lawyer, John Fow will be remembered 
as a man who was always loyal to his 
friends, and whose word could be relied 
upon by every judge on the bench. . . . 
His bearing before the courts has always 
been an example." Among others who 
made eulogistic addresses were Justice 
Mitchell, Judge Anderson, Attorney- 
General John C. Bell, Judge J. Willis 
Martin, Hampton L. Carson, Judge Wil- 
liam H. Staake, and A. S. L. Shields. 
Judge John L. Kinsey, on behalf of those 
present, presented to Mr. Fow a hand- 
some bronze statue in commemoration of 
the occasion. 

John H. Fow is married and has three 
children : F. Carroll, who is a graduate 
of the University of Pennsylvania, car- 
ries on his profession with his father; 
John Gordon and Franklin. He is a 
member of the State Bar Association, 



the Lawyers' Club, is past master of his 
Masonic lodge, and belongs to a large 
number of social and political clubs. He 
is also a member of the Historical So- 
ciety of Pennsylvania, the Sons of the 
American Revolution, the Genealogical 
Society of Pennsylvania, and the Na- 
tional Geographic Society. 

An excellent lawyer with a lucrative 
practice, and a statesman of ability, Mr. 
Fow has an extensive acquaintance 
throughout the State of Pennsylvania and 
is a great favorite among men. He has 
the professional distinction of having had 
more acts of the Legislature declared 
unconstitutional than any other member 
of the bar in the City of Philadelphia. 



CALDWELL, William A., 

Merchant, Financier. 

Pittsburgh — the acme of activity — has 
never numbered among her business men 
one of greater force of character, or more 
aggressive methods, than the late Wil- 
liam A. Caldwell, for many years head of 
the widely known firm of Caldwell & 
Brother. During his long career Mr. 
Caldwell was identified with Pittsburgh, 
not only as a business man and financier, 
but as a citizen, ardent and influential 
in the cause of municipal reform. 

William A. Caldwell was born in No- 
vember, 1824. His father, John Cald- 
well, was one of the pioneer settlers of 
Allegheny county, and proprietor of one 
of the first tanneries in the vicinity of 
Pittsburgh. William A. received his edu- 
cation in the common schools of Pitts- 
burgh and later took a course in a col- 
lege. During the thirties he started to 
study civil engineering with Mr. Reming- 
ton, then city engineer of Pittsburgh, but 
soon abandoned the idea of becoming an 
engineer. His next venture was in the 
grocery business, where for some years 
he was associated with the firm of Dal- 
zell & Fleming, where his industry, his 




^^^^.^-/'''l^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



courage and application soon won him 
advancement. Realizing the possibilities 
of the grocery business, Mr. Caldwell 
formed a partnership with George W. 
Massey, under the firm name of Massey 
& Caldwell. Upon the death of Mr. 
Massey this concern was reorganized 
under the style of Caldwell & Brother, 
and, until 1868, this firm was one of the 
largest in Pittsburgh, having an estab- 
lishment on Water street and dealing in 
groceries and steamboat supplies. Mr. 
Caldwell's accurate estimate of men en- 
abled him to fill the many branches of 
his business with employes who seldom 
failed to meet his expectations, and whom 
he ever treated with the utmost justice 
and kindliness, receiving from them in 
return the most unstinted and loyal ser- 
vice. 

As a true citizen, Mr. Caldwell was in- 
terested in all enterprises which medi- 
tated the moral improvement and social 
culture of the community, and actively 
aided a number of associations by his 
influence and means. A man of action 
rather than words, he was widely but 
unostentatiously charitable, ever seeking 
in his benefactions to shun the public 
gaze. Politically he was identified with 
the Republican party. As a vigilant and 
attentive observer of men and measures, 
his opinions were recognized as sound 
and his views as broad, and his ideas 
therefore carried weight among those 
with whom he discussed important pub- 
lic problems. 

Aside from his prominence in commer- 
cial lines, Mr. Caldwell was a known fig- 
ure in the financial world of Pittsburgh. 
In 1867 he became president of the Mo- 
nongahela Insurance Company, which of- 
fice he held until his death. He was also 
actively interested in the Allegheny Na- 
tional Bank, the Bank of Pittsburgh, the 
Marine National Bank and the People's 
National Bank. He was also a member 
of the National Bankers' Association and 



at the time of his death was a director 
in the Bank of Pittsburgh. He was pos- 
sessed of a singular fund of humor and 
graphic powers of conversation, con- 
trolled always by great kindness of char- 
acter, and these, conjoined to an always 
active and conscientious public spirit, 
which identified him with almost every 
social and public enterprise of any im- 
portance, served to render him one of the 
most trusted and popular men of his day. 
Genial and courteous, with the dignity 
of bearing which is the expression of 
elevation of character, he possessed those 
qualifications which win and hold friends. 
One year after accepting the presidency 
of the Monongahela Insurance Company, 
Mr. Caldwell retired from the grocery 
business, in order to give entire atten- 
tion to his large financial interests. He 
was a member of the Pittsburgh Sports- 
men's Club and attended the First Pres- 
byterian Church of Pittsburgh, with 
which his family had been connected for 
years. 

By the death of William A. Caldwell, 
which occurred August 4, 1902, at the 
home of his only sister, Mrs. Letitia 
Holmes, on the Northside, Pittsburgh, 
Pittsburgh lost a most valuable citizen, 
a man of vigorous temperament and de- 
termined mind who made his way from 
small beginnings to high station and died 
possessed of a large fortune, owing his 
success wholly to his own tireless in- 
dustry and sterling integrity. In passing 
to a position of wealth and influence 
never did he neglect an opportunity to 
aid one to whom nature, fate or environ- 
ment had seemed less kindly, and his life 
was, in large measure, an exemplification 
of his belief in the brotherhood of man- 
kind. 

William A. Caldwell belonged to a 
class of men who constitute the special 
glory of our Republic — men who are the 
architects of their own fortunes — and he 
has left an example worthy to be emu- 



389 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



lated by future generations of young 
Americans. 



EDWARDS, Frederick W., 

Hannfactnrer, Fnblic Official. 

The man who possesses, in combina- 
tion with business ability, the qualifica- 
tions essential for the successful admin- 
istration of public office, is rarely met 
with in an}' community. In the late 
Frederick William Edwards, Pittsburgh 
was fortunate enough to count among 
her citizens a man of this type. Mr. Ed- 
wards was the incumbent of many pub- 
lic positions which he filled with singu- 
lar ability, and in his death his home 
city has sustained a well-nigh irreparable 
loss. 

Frederick William Edwards was born 
October 2, 1861, in Dowlias, Wales, and 
was the son of John L. and Mary Ed- 
wards, who emigrated in 1867 to the 
United States, settling in Hazelwood. 
Frederick William received his prepara- 
tory education in public and private 
schools, afterward entering Mount Union 
College, Alliance, Ohio, and in course of 
time graduating from that institution. 
Immediately thereafter he entered the 
service of the Carnegie Steel Company, 
being employed in the Edgar Thomson 
plant at Braddock. Mr. Edwards early 
gave evidence of executive ability, and 
throughout his business career was dis- 
tinguished for that sound judgment, far- 
sighted sagacity and enterprise, tempered 
with conservatism, which go to the mak- 
ing of every successful merchant and 
manufacturer. 

In his early manhood Mr. Edwards as- 
sociated himself with the Republican 
party and was remarkable for the active 
interest which he displayed in public af- 
fairs. The leaders of the organization, 
as well as his fellow citizens, were not 
slow to recognize the talents of the young 
man and his fitness for positions of re- 



sponsibility, and at the very outset of his 
political career he was made Tax Col- 
lector of Braddock township (now North 
Braddock borough), a position which he 
retained for the long period of ten years. 
He successively held the offices of Dep- 
uty Comptroller of Allegheny county and 
Deputy Register of Wills under Register 
John Gripp. Upon the death of Mr. 
Gripp, in 1898, Mr. Edwards was ap- 
pointed by Governor Hastings to fill the 
unexpired term, and in 1899 was elected 
to the office for the full term of three 
years. At the expiration of his term, in 
1903, he was appointed by President 
Roosevelt Collector of the Port of Pitts- 
burgh, and in 1909 was re-elected Regis- 
ter of Wills. In the discharge of the 
duties of these important and responsible 
positions Mr. Edwards showed himself 
eminently adapted for the administration 
of aflfairs requiring exercise of tact and 
diplomacy. During the whole period of 
his public life he exhibited a consistency 
and uprightness of conduct not often 
equalled and never surpassed. 

Unostentatious as he ever was, Mr. 
Edwards never failed, either in private or 
public life, to watch over the interests 
of the poor and to accord to the laborer 
his hire. Personally, he was a man who 
drew men to him and his social popular- 
ity was very great. He affiliated with 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
the Knights of Malta, the Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks, the Royal Ar- 
canum, the Heptasophs, the Knights of 
Pythias and the Knights of the Macca- 
bees, of Braddock. He took a keen in- 
terest in the work of these organizations 
and was prominently identified with their 
affairs. His ripe and varied experience, 
his judicial mind and his careful obser- 
vation rendered him the trusted counsel- 
lor of his friends at all times and in all 
phases of their lives. He was a member 
of the Protestant Episcopal church. 

Mr. Edwards married, September 22, 



390 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1883, Alice L., daughter of Daniel L. 
Lightner, and they were the parents of 
a daughter and a son : Winona, wife of 
Clarence F. Bernatz, of the East End ; 
and Viers Dalzell, a student at the Pitts- 
burgh University. Mrs. Edwards is a 
woman not only of unusual sweetness 
and beauty of character, but intellectual, 
energetic and sagacious, and the family 
are prominent in Pittsburgh social cir- 
cles. Mr. Edwards was a man devoted 
to the ties of friendship and of family, 
and no one who had ever enjoyed the 
privilege of his hospitality could fail to 
pronounce him the incomparable host. 

The strenuous life of many years ulti- 
mately told on Mr. Edwards' energies, in- 
exhaustible as they appeared, and in the 
summer of 1910, he visited Europe, seek- 
ing to recuperate his failing health. On 
his return, however, he suffered another 
breakdown, and on April 30, 1912, he 
passed away at his Pittsburgh home. He 
has left a name synonymous with all 
that is enterprising in business and pro- 
gressive in citizenship and no history of 
the city would be complete without an 
outline of his career. 

Pennsylvania has numbered among her 
citizens many natives of the land which 
was the birthplace of Mr. Edwards, and 
the industries of the State have been de- 
veloped largely by Welshmen and their 
descendants, but no scion of the heroic 
Cambrian stock has left a record of abler 
and more disinterested public service 
than has Frederick William Edwards. 



BRANDON,. Washington D., 
JjaxryeT, Financier. 

On both paternal and maternal side, 
Mr. Brandon descends from pioneer But- 
ler county families. He is the son of 
John W. and Ruth A. C. Brandon, both 
deceased, the former dying September 
9, 1890, the latter January 3, 191 1. John 
W. Brandon was a prosperous farmer 



and a leading man of his day. He served 
a term as commissioner of Butler county, 
was a ruling elder of Mount Nebo con- 
gregation of the Presbyterian church and 
an unceasing worker for the public good. 
In his latter years he renounced the Re- 
publican and allied with the Prohibition 
party, serving as chairman of the county 
committee. He left behind him a mem- 
ory still warmly cherished by his family 
and friends. 

Washington D. Brandon was born 
in Connoquenessing township, Butler 
county, Pennsylvania, November i, 1847, 
When a young man he added the letter 
"D." to his name. He remained at the 
home farm as his father's assistant until 
he was eighteen years of age, also hav- 
ing attended the public schools and 
Witherspoon Academy in Butler for two 
years. The public school he went to was 
not an efficient one, but the boy improved 
every opportunity, and after his two 
years at Witherspoon was able in 1865, 
being then eighteen years of age, to enter 
Washington and Jefferson College as a 
sophomore. He spent three years in col- 
lege, improving every hour and refusing 
to be led into any of the follies or ex- 
cesses of college life, and was graduated 
A.B. in the class of 1868 with honor. 
After receiving his degree he taught in 
a select school for one year. 

The law, however, was the goal of his 
ambition, and in the spring of 1869 he 
entered the law office of Hon. Ebenezer 
Mcjunkin, of Butler, at the same time 
accepting a position as instructor at 
Witherspoon Academy. The following 
two years he both taught in the academy 
and read law. In 1871 he passed the 
required examination and was admitted 
to the Butler County Bar. Soon after 
his preceptor, Mr. Mcjunkin, was elected 
to Congress, and during his absence in 
Washington left his legal business in 
charge of Mr. Brandon and another 
young lawyer, Clarence W^alker. The 



391 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



two boys vigorously prosecuted the cases 
left ill their care with great satisfaction 
to themselves, if not to the entire satis- 
faction of some of their clients. In 1873 
these young men formed a law partner- 
ship and as Walker & Brandon practised 
until 1875. Since that date Mr. Brandon 
has practised alone. His business was 
a satisfactory one from the beginning 
of his legal career, and has continued so 
through all the forty years that have 
since then elapsed. He has handled 
many intricate cases successfully and at- 
tracted a large clientele of the best class. 
He has been admitted to all the State 
and Federal courts of the district and 
in each has a large business of an im- 
portant character. His practice is gen- 
eral, as is shown by the fact that he is 
special attorney of many of the large 
corporations doing business in Butler 
county. They include: the Butler Sav- 
ings and Trust Company ; the Standard 
Steel Company and its allied corpora- 
tions : the National Transit Company ; 
and the Butler Light, Heat and Motor 
Company. 

Outside his profession, in which he is 
held in high esteem, i\Ir. Brandon has 
large business interests. He is a direc- 
tor of the Butler Savings & Trust Com- 
pany, vice-president of the Guarantee 
Safe Deposit and Trust Company, is 
identified with the Standard Plate Glass 
Company, the Butler Land and Improve- 
ment Company, and other commercial 
concerns of lesser importance. He is a 
keen, far-sighted business man, which at- 
tributes, coupled with his legal ability, 
render him a most valuable counsellor 
and an addition to any commercial en- 
terprise. 

In professional life he is rated the soul 
of honor, and in private life his char- 
acter is above reproach. He has been 
an elder of the First Presbyterian Church 
for thirty-two years, clerk of the session 
for twenty-nine years, served as super- 



intendent of the Sunday School for 
twenty-two years, and for more than 
thirty years he has been a director of 
the Butler branch of the Young Men's 
Christian Association. He is also a di- 
rector of the Western Theological Semi- 
nary, Pittsburgh, and at one time he was 
a member of the board of trustees of 
Grove City College. 

In politics Mr. Brandon has always 
been an active Republican, but has stead- 
fastly refused the many ofTers of public 
preferment made him by party mana- 
gers. He has refused to consider nomi- 
nations for County Judge, State Sena- 
tor and Representative in Congress, not 
from an unwillingness to serve his county 
and state, but from his fixed dislike for 
political life, and his belief that as a pri- 
vate citizen he could best serve their in- 
terests. He holds membership in the 
State and County Bar associations, and 
everj'where his sterling worth and pro- 
verbial integrity make him a welcome ad- 
dition. 

Mr. Brandon married. May 2~, 1875, 
Clara B., daughter of James and Rebecca 
(Bein Campbell. The Campbells are a 
prominent Butler family. Children: i. 
JMargaret, died January 8. 1904. 2. 
Flora, married Robert L. James, an at- 
torney of Pittsburgh. 3. John "\V., mar- 
ried Helen G., daughter of Clarence 
Walker. He is connected with the But- 
ler Savings & Trust Company. 4. James 
Campbell, an attorney, associated with 
his father in business. ^. Howard Allan. 



CAMPBELL. James J., 

Carnegie Steel Co. Official. 

Pittsburgh — the city which seems like 
a Rodin statue because it is the unformed 
figrure of achievement incarnate — is a 
beacon of industrial progress. The rea- 
son for this is not far to seek. It is 
found in the fact that her chief citizens 
are men who work with far-sighted sa- 



39^ 




r-^ ^^iT-'K.a.-.ra ^^.-<^/\a^ 




l^.s /5SrA;.^..-<r/' /=5.d 



EiXCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



gacity, who discern not only present ac- 
complishment, but also future results — 
men of the type of James John Camp- 
bell, present auditor and assistant secre- 
tary of the Carnegie Steel Company and 
kindred interests. Mr. Campbell is a 
scion of the famous Campbell family, so 
distinguished in the annals of the Old 
World as well as the New. 

The history of the Campbell family in 
America is as follows : James Camp- 
bell, the grandfather, came to America 
from Coleraine, county Antrim, Ireland, 
with his wife, and settled near Lancas- 
ter, Pennsylvania, in the early part of 
the nineteenth century, but owing to his 
ill health in about fifteen years he re- 
turned with his family to his native 
home. 

Joseph Campbell, the subject's father, 
and the son of James Campbell, was born 
in Coleraine in 1835, after his parents 
had returned from this country. In 1858 
he came to this country and the same 
year enlisted in the ordnance corps of 
the United States army and served con- 
tinuously until his death, which occurred 
in November, 1893. The first twenty- 
three years of this exceptionally long 
service was spent in Washington in the 
government arsenal, and the remaining 
twelve years at the Allegheny (Pennsyl- 
vania) arsenal, at Pittsburgh. At Wash- 
ington he was first sergeant through all 
the stirring period of the Civil War, and 
was in charge of the small detail of men 
who in the presence of Secretary of War 
Edwin M. Stanton, buried the remains of 
the assassin of President Lincoln, John 
Wilkes Booth, under one of the flag- 
stones of the floor in one of the rooms 
in the United States prison at Washing- 
ton, located at the arsenal. He married 
Elizabeth Jane Gamble, who was also of 
Scotch-Irish stock, and her native place 
was the same as that of her husband. 
She came to America in 1861, and was 
united in marriage to JMr. Campbell at 



St. Thomas' Episcopal Church, New 
York, in 1863. Eight children were born 
of this union, the subject being the sec- 
ond eldest. The family consisted of four 
sons and four daughters. 

James John Campbell, son of Joseph 
and Elizabeth Jane (Gamble) Campbell, 
was born at Washington, D. C, Decem- 
ber 6, 1865. He received his education 
in the public and high schools of Wash- 
ington, D. C, and came to Pittsburgh in 
his seventeenth year. He was first em- 
ployed as a clerk in a grocery store and 
later entered the accounting department 
of the Pennsylvania Company as a junior 
clerk. Two years later he was made 
clerk and stenographer for a lumber com- 
pany, but left this position after eleven 
months to enter the service of the Car- 
negie Brothers & Company, Limited, 
February i, 1886, as clerk and stenogra- 
pher to the purchasing agent. He was 
transferred to the accounting department 
in 1889, and the same year was promoted 
to chief clerk of a division of that de- 
partment. In December, 1895, he was 
promoted to assistant auditor of the Car- 
negie Steel Company, Limited (succes- 
sors to Carnegie Brothers & Company), 
and January i, 1900, was elected auditor 
and assistant secretary of the Carnegie 
Steel Company, the corporation that took 
over the business of the limited partner- 
ship, and has continued to hold such po- 
sitions to the present time. He also 
holds similar positions in several allied 
and subsidiary corporations. On Decem- 
ber 31, 1899, he was admitted to partner- 
ship as one of Andrew Carnegie's fa- 
mous and favored young partners, in the 
Carnegie Steel Company — the Titans of 
the steel world. He is also a director of 
the South Side Trust Company. 

Personally, Mr. Campbell is a man of 
strongly marked characteristics, modestly 
inclined, but in business thoroughly ag- 
gressive. One of the most potent fac- 
tors in his success has been his ability 



393 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



to foresee results. He has the clear-cut 
face, calmly observant glance and 
friendly expression which show at once 
the able business man and the kindly 
gentleman. His eyes look you straight 
in the face, in an open, candid manner, 
a kindly but critical and keen glance. 
Beneath this quiet exterior there is, how- 
ever, great determination, and in business 
transactions he gives evidence of a na- 
ture which constantly seeks in action an 
outlet for its energy. 

Mr. Campbell is a supporter of the 
Republican party, and in church rela- 
tions is identified with the Presbyterian 
Church of Pittsburgh. He belongs to 
the Duquesne and Oakmont Country 
clubs, and to the Carnegie Veteran As- 
sociation, a society which was organized 
after Mr. Carnegie's retirement from 
business and composed of Mr. Carnegie 
and most of those who had been his 
partners in business. 

Mr. Campbell married, April 23, 1891, 
Miss Kate Bell, daughter of William and 
Sarah (Calhoon) Bauersmith. Children: 
Sarah Catherine, and James J. Jr., born 
October 12, 1903. By this marriage Mr. 
Campbell gained the life companionship 
of a charming and congenial woman. 
Mrs. Campbell is a woman who combines 
with great sweetness and beauty of char- 
acter a marked degree of energy and 
intellectual qualities of a high order, and 
is one of Pittsburgh's popular hostesses, 
the family being prominent in social cir- 
cles. 

It is seldom that a man as active and 
successful in business takes such a keen 
and helpful interest in civic affairs as 
Mr Campbell, whose name is associated 
with various projects of the utmost mu- 
nicipal concern. Citizenship is to him a 
term indicating individual responsibility 
as well as privilege, and the biographer 
who would treat of him merely as an en- 
terprising and prosperous business man 
would present but one phase of his life 



history. In his career he has gained a 
success that is not measured by financial 
prosperity alone, but is gauged by the 
kindly amenities and congenial associa- 
tions that go to satisfy man's kaleido- 
scopic nature. 



CHESS, Walter, 

Soldier, Manufacturer. 

The Pittsburgh business man is the 
business man par excellence. At once 
the inspirer and the offspring of his city, 
he stands before the world an incarna- 
tion of that marvellous force which has 
made Pittsburgh the metropolis of the 
industrial universe. One of the finest 
representatives of this type was the late 
Walter Chess, vice-president of the Con- 
solidated Expanded Metal Companies, 
and identified throughout his career with 
the leading interests of his native city. 

Walter Chess was born September 14, 
1839, in the Birmingham section of Pitts- 
burgh, and was a son of David and 
Dorothea (McGeary) Chess. The boy 
received his education in the common 
schools of his native city and early en- 
tered business life, being associated with 
his father in the nail and tack manufac- 
turing firm of Chess, Smyth & Company, 
and showing marked ability in the exe- 
cution of every detail of the important 
concern. His business career, like that 
of so many other young men of his gen- 
eration, was interrupted by the outbreak 
of the Civil War. Enlisting in Battery 
G, Independent Pennsylvania Artillery, 
Mr. Chess served throughout the con- 
flict, receiving, at its close, an honorable 
discharge. 

On his return to civil life the young 
soldier became again the manufacturer, 
resuming his connection with the old 
firm. After the death of his father the 
style became Chess, Cook & Company, 
and later Chess Brothers. Quick and 
decisive in his methods, and keenly alive 



394 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



to any business proposition and its possi- 
bilities, Mr. Chess was one of those men 
who seem to find the happiness of life 
in the success of their work, and who 
experience, in the solution of a difficult 
commercial problem, that pleasure with- 
out which there can be no real success, 
inasmuch as its absence indicates a lack 
of that intense interest which constitutes 
the foundation of all progress along com- 
mercial and industrial lines. Always sin- 
gularly strong in his personality, he ex- 
erted a wonderful influence on his busi- 
ness subordinates and on those about 
him. Those in his service felt that he 
had ever at heart their best interests and 
that nothing gave him more pleasure 
than to recognize merit in the employes 
of his company, basing his promotions 
upon their worth and ability. After his 
retirement from active business Mr. 
Chess retained the vice-presidency of the 
'Consolidatefd Expanded Metal Compa- 
nies, successors to the old firm of Chess 
Brothers, holding this position to the 
close of his life. 

Seldom, indeed, is it that a man as 
active and successful in business as was 
Mr. Chess takes in civic affairs the keen 
and helpful interest which he ever mani- 
fested, his name being associated with 
various projects of the utmost municipal 
concern. Citizenship was to him a term 
indicating individual responsibility as 
well as privilege, and the biographer who 
should treat of him merely as an enter- 
prising and prosperous business man 
would present but one phase of his life 
history. A man of deep and broad sym- 
pathies, he held his wealth in trust for 
those less fortunate than himself, and 
his hand was cunning in charity that 
evaded the gaze of the world. He was 
a member and one of the founders of 
the Church of the Redeemer (Protestant 
Episcopal) in which he held the office 
of senior warden. 

The personality of Mr. Chess was sin- 



gularly attractive. Of most pleasing ad- 
dress, modest and unselfish to a degree, 
always looking to the interests of others 
rather than to his own, he received the 
admiration, respect and warm regard of 
an unusually large circle of friends. Of 
his countenance and bearing it is suffi- 
cient to say that they were an index to 
his character— he looked the man that he 
was. 

Mr. Chess married, January 12, 1888, 
Mary, daughter of James and Caroline 
(Stowe) Boles, and they were the par- 
ents of the following children : David 
Walter; Dorothea; Mary; and Martha 
Ann. Mrs. Chess, a woman of rare 
wifely qualities, was admirably fitted by 
her excellent, practical mind, to be a 
helpmate to her husband in his aspira- 
tions and ambitions and, by her talents 
as a home-maker, caused him to find his 
highest enjoyment in the family circle. 
Mr. Chess was a man of strong domestic 
affections, regarding as sacred obliga- 
tions the ties of home and friendship. 

The death of Mr. Chess, which oc- 
curred January 19, 1913, removed from 
our city a man of fine natural endow- 
ments, spotless probity of character and 
useful influence, one who left behind him 
a record which has ever stood as a syno- 
nym for all that is enterprising in busi- 
ness and progressive in citizenship. 

Walter Chess, belonging as he did to 
the older generation of steel manufac- 
turers, was one of the founders of that 
empire, than which there is none might- 
ier in the civilized world. He was a loyal 
son of his native city. From the time 
of his entrance into the arena of business, 
to the close of his long and honorable 
career, his fortunes were identical with 
hers, and in all his endeavors and 
achievements his first thought was the 
increase of her prosperity and power. It 
is such men whom Pittsburgh delights 
to honor and still remembers with grati- 
tude. 



395 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



REILLY, John C, 

Financier, Public Official. 

A leader among the strong men of the 
Iron City — the men who, by their un- 
wearied labors and ceaseless vigilance, 
made her what she is today — was the 
late John C. Reilly, president of the 
Washington National Bank of Pitts- 
burgh, and for many years a dominant 
factor in the industrial and financial af- 
fairs of that city. 

John C. Reilly was born in Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania, in 1845, son of Owen 
Reilly, who was a prominent grocer of 
that period. He received his education 
in the Roman Catholic parochial schools 
of his native city, which he attended un- 
til his fifteenth year, and then secured 
employment as a messenger boy in the 
auction store of J. McCartney. He sub- 
sequently entered the service of the 
Pennsylvania Railroad Company, re- 
maining eight years, during which time 
he worked in the different departments, 
thus gaining the knowledge which 
proved of great advantage to him in later 
years. His next venture was as partner 
in the livery and undertaking firm of 
O'Neill & Reilly, which some years later 
became Burns, O'Neill & Reilly, with 
headquarters in Grant street. While in 
the livery and imdertaking business Mr. 
Reilly became interested in the traction 
business, and with the foresight which 
was always characteristic of him, saw 
the great future promised for Pittsburgh 
and the large population which that city 
was to have in a few years, knowing that 
it must spread over the unoccupied lands 
toward the eastern section and over the 
western portion bordering on the Ohio 
river. The firm first started a line of 
omnibuses, which ran from Second ave- 
nue to Glenwood, near the present site 
of the Pittsburgh Gas Works, to accom- 
modate the people who had begun to pop- 
ulate that section of the city. Later the 



line was extended to Hazelwood, and the 
firm also established a line of omnibuses 
to run from Pittsburgh to the West End. 
As these districts became more settled 
the omnibuses were converted into horse 
car lines, which were the beginning of 
the Second avenue traction line and the 
old Southern Railways Company, bet- 
ter known as the West End line. In this 
enterprise Mr. Reilly was joined by his 
warm personal friend and business as- 
sociate, William J. Burns, and by James 
D. Gallery and Thomas S. Bigelow, and 
together they built the new horse car 
lines and for many years controlled them. 
When electric traction lines were intro- 
duced the Second avenue line and the 
West End line were converted into elec- 
tric lines, and later, when traction com- 
panies in that city consolidated, the Sec- 
ond avenue and West End lines were 
taken into the United Traction Com- 
pany, thus assuring the fortunes of Mr. 
Reilly and his associates. The West 
End line proved to be one of the greatest 
investments in this city for the men who 
had built it up from an omnibus line to 
the modern traction road which opened 
a wide stretch of territory and gave the 
people a quick mode of travel to the 
West End and the country districts be- 
yond. Mr. Reilly was made a director 
of the Pittsburgh Railways Company, 
retaining that position until his death. 

It is unquestionably true that the de- 
velopment of rapid transit in Pittsburgh 
and Western Pennsylvania was more 
largely the work of Mr. Reilly than of 
any other one man. He was one of the 
originators and first president of the 
Pittsburgh and Butler Street Railway 
Company, and was the first to foresee the 
great future of the East End — now the 
beauty spot of Pittsburgh. It was a mat- 
ter of pride with Mr. Reilly that he owed 
his large capital wholly to his early in- 
dustry and his subsequent investments 
in Pittsburgh. He rarely made a single 



396 




A 



-^ /C.-^-^^^e^-^.-^i^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



investment outside the city, and fre- 
quently assured those whose capital was 
placed in other cities that the most se- 
cure and best paying investments were 
to be found at home. So deep was his 
faith in the future of Pittsburgh, that 
upon retiring from the street railway 
field, he invested heavily in Pittsburgh 
real estate, and at the time of his death 
was its largest landowner. As a business 
man he possessed sleepless energy, a per- 
fect system of detail, an intensity of pur- 
pose that took nothing for granted, and 
a boldness in planning and rapidity in 
execution that left, between the flash and 
the report, scarcely the interval of a sec- 
ond. Combined with a broad knowledge 
of human nature he had the rare gift 
of inspiring his followers with an enthu- 
siasm that never wearied nor became 
mercenary. He gave freely of his time, 
energy and means for the promotion of 
the best interests of his city and State, 
and was withal of a most charitable dis- 
position, ever ready to respond to any 
deserving call, yet so quietly were his 
benefactions bestowed that their full 
number will always remain unknown. A 
man "of fine personal appearance and 
genial nature, large-hearted and invari- 
ably courteous, his friends were legion, 
and it is but the simplest statement of 
fact to say that those who knew him 
best loved him most. For one term Mr. 
Reilly served as alderman of the Fifth 
ward. He belonged to the Duquesne and 
Union clubs of Pittsburgh. Bishop J. S. 
Regis Canevin, recognizing his zeal for 
the welfare of the Roman Catholic 
church, as a member of St. Paul's Cathe- 
dral, placed him on the building commit- 
tee of the new edifice, and his business 
acumen was of great assistance in the 
erection of the present structure. His 
mature judgment and ripe experience 
caused him to be much sought as an 
astute and capable adviser, and in the 



financial world he exercised a wholesome 
influence. 

When the Washington National Bank 
was organized in 1903, Mr. Reilly, who 
was one of the founders and one of the 
original stockholders, as well as one of 
the first directors, was elected president 
and held that position until the close of 
his life. He was also first president of 
the City Insurance Company, retaining 
this office until his death ; president of 
the Freehold Real Estate Company; and 
a director in the Colonial Trust Com- 
pany, the Pittsburgh Trust Company, 
and connected with several other finan- 
cial and industrial enterprises in his na- 
tive city, in which his whole life was 
passed. 

Mr. Reilly married, in February, 1873, 
Ursula, daughter of David O'Connor, 
and they became the parents of the fol- 
lowing children : Eugene S., a promi- 
nent business man of Pittsburgh ; Philip 
B.; John: Gilbert; Joanna M., wife of 
John J. Hart, of New York; Bertha and 
Ursula. By this marriage Mr. Reilly 
gained the life companionship of a 
charming and congenial woman, who 
was to him the ideal helpmate in his 
aspirations and ambitions. The entire 
Reilly family are socially popular in 
Pittsburgh social circles. 

The death of Mr. Reilly, which oc- 
curred March 20, 1907, removed one who, 
for many years had stood, honorable in 
purpose and fearless in conduct, among 
the most eminent and valued of Pitts- 
burgh's citizens. His life teaches the old 
and ever-needed lesson that success 
comes only through tireless industry 
guided and inspired by singleness of pur- 
pose, and emphasizes anew the priceless 
value of unswerving loyalty to right and 
the assured rewards of exemplary living. 
With prophetic instinct Mr. Reilly in- 
vested in the future of Pittsburgh, and 
the abundant returns which he lived to 
gather more than justified his faith. The 



397 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



later and richer harvest yielded by his 
wise and far-sighted ventures has been 
reaped by succeeding generations who 
bless the name and revere the memory 
of John C. Reilly. Mr. Reilly was a man 
of Titanic mould, and such men as he 
constitute the glory of Pittsburgh. 



IMBRIE, Addison M., 

Prominent Iiaipyer. 

The lawyers of Pennsylvania have al- 
ways been in the vanguard of the pro- 
fession. The State's judges, counsellors 
and pleaders have been among the ablest 
jurists and statesmen of the Nation. 
The past standard of its bar is upheld 
by its present representatives, and by 
none more ably than by Addison Murray 
Imbrie, a leading lawyer of Pittsburgh. 

Addison Murray Imbrie was born near 
New Galilee, Beaver county, Pennsyl- 
vania, July 29, 1853, son of James M. 
and Clorinda (Jackson) Imbrie, the 
former dying on April 12, 1889, and the 
mother on April 18, 1899. Both parents 
were natives of Beaver county, where his 
father was engaged in agricultural pur- 
suits for many years and was a promi- 
nent factor in the development of that 
section. The Imbrie family is of Scotch 
origin, and James Imbrie, the great- 
grandfather of Addison M., settled in 
Moon township (then Allegheny county, 
where his will is filed) in 1790, there 
died in March, 1803, and is buried in the 
old Service graveyard, near his home. 
His son, Rev. David Imbrie, born in 
Philadelphia on August 22, 1777, was 
educated at Canonsburg Academy, after- 
wards Jefferson College, and was one of 
the nine founders of the Franklin So- 
ciety of the academy, November 14, 1797. 
He studied divinity under Dr. John An- 
derson, of Moon township, and in 1803 
was licensed to preach at the Seceder 
church. He married on November 29, 
1804, Jean, daughter of John and Annie 



(Atchison) Reed, who were both natives 
of Lancaster county, and settled in 
Washington county in 1777. David 
and Jean Imbrie were parents of the fol- 
lowing children : Ann Reed, born March 
29, 1806, married Joseph Sharp, and died 
September 11, 1881 ; Maria Smart, born 
September i, 1807, married Dr. J. W. 
Calvin, and died in August, 185 1 ; Jean, 
born July i, 1809, died unmarried in 
October, 1857; David Reed, born Janu- 
ary 24, 1812, died January 29, 1872; John 
Reed, born April 13, 1815, died March 
28, i860, and with two sons is interred 
in the cemetery at Washington, Penn- 
sylvania; James Milton, born March 9, 
1816, died April 12, 1889; Elmira Emily, 
born March 2, 1819, married John M. 
Buchanan, died October 15, 1895, and 
both are buried in the Seceders' grave- 
yard, near Darlington. The mother of 
Addison M. Imbrie was a descendant of 
Samuel Jackson, who settled in Chester 
county, Pennsylvania, about 1729, and 
was prominently identified with the af- 
fairs of that part of the State. 

Addison M. Imbrie acquired his edu- 
cational training in the public and pri- 
vate schools, and also attended the Dar- 
lington Academy and the Mt. Pleasant 
Academy, of Westmoreland county, and 
was graduated from Washington and 
Jefferson College in the class of 1876. 
He read law in the office of Samuel B. 
Wilson, of Beaver, Pennsylvania, and in 
April, 1878, registered as a student in 
the office of Thomas M. Marshall, a 
prominent attorney of Pittsburgh. He 
was admitted to the bar in July, 1880, 
and for the ten years following was as- 
sociated in the practice with his former 
preceptor, Thomas M. Marshall. He has 
since practised independently, enjoying 
an extensive practice. In the prepara- 
tion of his cases, Mr. Imbrie is very 
thorough and painstaking, and displays 
keen analytical power, logical reasoning 
and careful deductions. Few men are 
398 




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ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



his equal as a brilliant and effective 
speaker, which fact has been demon- 
strated times without number, in the 
presentation of his cause to the jury. 
His use of argument, of humor and of 
pathos are equally effective. His ora- 
torical powers are great, he carries his 
hearers with him in thought, and is justly 
regarded as one of the most able and 
eloquent speakers of today at the bar. 
He is a member of all courts, and the 
Allegheny County and the Pennsylvania 
State Bar associations. 

Mr Imbrie married, in Allegheny City, 
October 2, 1884, Miss Hattie, daughter 
of James P. and Mary Louise (Dunn) 
Silliman. Child of Mr. and Mrs. Imbrie, 
Boyd Vincent Imbrie. Mrs. Imbrie is 
one of the social factors of Pittsburgh 
society, and the Imbrie home on Fifth 
avenue, Pittsburgh, is the scene of many 
social functions. Mr. Imbrie is a mem- 
ber of the Duquesne, Monongahela and 
Country clubs, of the Episcopal church 
and the Sons of the Revolution. 

Mr. Imbrie stands high among his pro- 
fessional brethren, and the reputation 
which he has already gained will increase 
and strengthen with the lapse of years, 
based as it is upon the solid and endur- 
ing foundations of natural ability, broad 
and comprehensive learning and unim- 
peachable integrity. 



FLEMING, Dr. Andrew, 
Distinguished Physician and Snrgeon. 

Among the most prominent and be- 
loved physicians of the Iron City was 
the late Andrew Fleming. While the 
main events of the life of Dr. Fleming 
can be stated in a few lines, it would be 
very difficult to record and give any cor- 
rect idea of the great number of homes 
he brightened and cheered, or of the 
many valuable lives lengthened by his 
assiduous care during a laborious prac- 
tice of over forty years. He had a cer- 



tain warmth, geniality, bonhomie, which 
made you feel at once that he took an 
interest in you, and would do anything 
he could for your pleasure or your good. 

Andrew Fleming was born in Pitts- 
burgh, July 3, 1830; died August 18, 
1896, son of Andrew Fleming, born in 
Paisley, Scotland, July 26, 1777, died No- 
vember 5, 1852, and Annabella Fleming, 
born May 26, 1793, died July 6, 1849. 
He was educated in the public and pri- 
vate schools of the city, and after read- 
ing medicine with Dr. Joseph P. Gaz- 
zam, he continued his medical studies at 
the Jefferson Medical School in Phila- 
delphia in 1853, and was graduated there 
with honor in 1855. Immediately on re- 
ceiving his degree, he was elected resi- 
dent physician of the Pennsylvania Hos- 
pital, Philadelphia, where he served a 
term of eighteen months. Very soon 
after his entrance on these duties, he was 
appointed to the responsible position of 
druggist in place of one who had served 
in that capacity for twenty-five years. 
In the spring of 1857 he began to prac- 
tice in Pittsburgh, associating himself 
with Dr. Joseph P. Gazzam, his old pre- 
ceptor, on Sixth avenue, a partnership 
which was very soon terminated by the 
retirement and death of Dr. Gazzam. Dr. 
Fleming remained in the same location 
until 1888, when he built a beautiful, 
convenient residence on Western avenue 
in Allegheny (now Northside, Pitts- 
burgh). 

Starting in his profession well prepared 
for the duties involved, Dr. Fleming was 
unusually successful in gaining rapidly 
an extensive and lucrative practice, and 
in taking a place among the first physi- 
cians of the State. His practice soon 
reached a point where he was obliged 
to restrict it territorially, and to refuse 
to go beyond certain limits. Never ex- 
ceedingly regular in his habits of life, 
and not paying the strictest attention to 
his own health, the continued labor and 



399 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



strain resulted in a dangerous illness of 
some months' duration in 1881. Abso- 
lute rest and a sojourn in Europe re- 
stored perfect health, and he learned, be- 
fore it was too late, that there is a limit 
to human exertion, even in a good cause. 
As a student. Dr. Fleming was re- 
markable for two traits that character- 
ized him during his entire life — thor- 
oughness and accuracy. His systematic 
habits of study and his patient persist- 
ence not only enabled him to grasp the 
main principles of medical science, but 
to so make himself master of all the de- 
tails that he could apply them practically. 
Heartily and enthusiastically devoted to 
his profession, he was above all things 
a physician. Naturally endowed with a 
power of quick observation, accuracy of 
eye and dexterity of hand, he diagnosed 
correctly and operated rapidly and 
neatly. Until the day of his death he 
was an earnest and laborious student of 
medicine. Keeping himself fully in- 
formed of all that was being discovered 
anywhere in the great medical world, 
carefully investigating for himself any 
newly suggested remedies and improved 
modes of surgery, reading and speaking 
the modern Continental languages al- 
most as readily as his own, nothing that 
transpired in the medical centers of 
Europe escaped his attention. Holding 
steadfastly to the fundamental principles 
of medical science, intolerant only of 
ignorance and quackery, he heartily 
greeted, and after most searching exami- 
nation, adopted, any discovery that 
would relieve pain or cure disease. He 
was always prepared for emergencies 
and fertile in resources. If the most per- 
fect appliance for any special purpose 
was not to be had at the moment, his 
mechanical dexterity and ready hands 
immediately provided a useful substitute 
from materials at hand. None but his 
patients can tell how suffering was re- 
lieved and comfort increased by his at- 



tention to the little things, so essential to 
the rest of the nervous, wearied invalid. 
He was anxious not only to make his 
patient well, but to make him as com- 
fortable as possible. His bright, cheery 
face was like sunlight in the sick-room, 
and he radiated hope and good-cheer. 
His personal presence, his gentle touch 
and musical voice were as efficacious 
as medicine. Regarding him intellec- 
tually, Dr. Fleming was strong and 
broad. He not only knew what he knew, 
but he knew for a definite purpose, for 
a practical end. Outside of the domain 
of social gossip, for which he had no 
taste, he seemed to follow the injunction 
of the Son of Sirach : "Be not ignorant 
of anything in a great matter or a 
small." His love of his profession and 
the enthusiasm with which he pursued 
it, were apparent to everyone who en- 
joyed liis acquaintance ; and whatever 
books or experience could teach him, he 
was always eager to learn and to store 
up for use. As his mind was of a notably 
scientific cast, he was highly interested 
in all scientific subjects and no discovery 
in the range of science, no novel, or in- 
genious speculation of a scientific charac- 
ter, escaped his notice. 

In referring to Dr. Fleming's literary 
work, the cause of regret is, that his pro- 
fessional duties allowed him but little 
leisure for what he did so well. Among 
his published papers may be mentioned 
the monograph, "Blood Stains," prepared 
at the request of, and dedicated to Lin- 
coln's Secretary of War, Edwin M. Stan- 
ton — a clear exposition of a most diffi- 
cult and intensely practical subject — a 
paper which is still regarded as authori- 
tative. Another most exhaustive paper 
on "Antero-lateral Sclerosis," read be- 
fore the Pennsylvania Medical Society, 
and extensively published, was valuable 
to the profession, not only as the result 
of his own observation and practice, but 
as a complete summary of all that had 



400 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



been discovered by the most eminent 
physicians in France and Germany, 
whose original notes and papers Dr. 
Fleming, by great personal exertion and 
at considerable pecuniary cost, had se- 
cured. In his brochure on "Emotional 
Fever" (1879) the clinical description 
was so clear and precise that it could be 
readily recognized although the manifes- 
tation of the fever was in the narrow 
borderland separating purely physical 
disease from mental alienation. To the 
Bedford Club — composed of the best 
physicians of Pittsburgh and Allegheny 
— he contributed about forty papers 
highly esteemed by his associaties. They 
were prepared with the utmost care, al- 
ways conveyed original information with 
a precision of statement and an accu- 
racy of detail that indicated a complete 
knowledge and mastery of his subject. 
His fellow members of that club say 
that his remarks and criticisms on the 
papers of others were characterized by a 
gentle, courteous spirit of generous com- 
jmendation where deserved, but marked 
by a correctness of statement and a clear- 
ing away of the difficulties of the ques- 
tion under discussion, while at the same 
time avoiding any disputation or any re- 
marks having the slightest tinge of acri- 
mony or personal feeling. One of the 
oldest members thus writes : "I think 
every member was indebted to Dr. Flem- 
ing not a little, for the light and wider 
field that his predelictions secured for us, 
by their accurate survey and observa- 
tion." A marked trait in his conduct, 
not only with his confreres, but patients, 
and everyone with whom he came in 
contact, was his unfailing and uniform 
courtesy. In his intercourse with the 
members of the medical profession he 
manifested a delicate sense of the rela- 
tions existing between those whose sole 
aim was the good of humanity. His 
quick perception and cordial recognition 
of ability and merit in those younger in 



years and not so skillful or experienced 
as himself was prompt and genuine. 

Early in the war, in 1861, a Soldiers' 
Home was opened near the Union Sta- 
tion in Pittsburgh, by the Subsistence 
Committee, to care especially for the 
multitudes of sick and wounded soldiers 
on their homeward journey. Dr. Flem- 
ing was at this home, on the arrival of 
the trains, every noon and every mid- 
night, dressing the wounds of the suf- 
ferers and prescribing medicine for the 
sick. As the number of soldiers needing 
attention was from twenty-five to one 
hundred each noon and midnight, these 
merciful ministrations took from one to 
three hours of his valuable time, but dur- 
ing the four years of the war, he rarely 
failed to make the two daily visits. 
Aside and apart from all that made Dr. 
Fleming an ideal physician, there was 
the other phase of life and character 
more difficult to portray, because it was 
so personal and distinctive in all its 
traits. Indeed his own conception of 
what was required for the profession was 
so high, broad and all-embracing, that 
he was constantly striving to attain a 
complete knowledge of all related science. 
In every department of scientific research 
— be it archaeology, astronomy, biology, 
botany, zoology, any branch of physics, 
the main principles, the latest discoveries 
and the present status of each were so 
accurately stored in his wonderful mem- 
ory that they were immediately avail- 
able. Eminently practical as he was, he 
cultivated a love of the beautiful in art, 
and had a thorough acquaintance with 
the best pictures and statues in the Euro- 
pean collections. A perfect rendition of 
the masterpieces of music was to him a 
source of the keenest pleasure. 

Dr. Fleming married, November 24, 
1874, Mrs. Eliza Thaw Lyon, daughter 
of John and Catherine (Thaw) Dennis- 
ton. By this marriage Dr. Fleming 
gained the life companionship of a 



401 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



charming and congenial woman, one 
fitted in all ways to be his ideal help- 
mate. In politics Dr. Fleming affiliated 
with the Republican party. A vigilant 
and attentive observer of men and meas- 
ures, his opinions were recognized as 
sound and his views broad, and his ideas 
therefore carried weight among those 
with whom he discussed public problems. 
Those who met him socially had the 
highest appreciation for his sterling qual- 
ities of manhood and a genial nature 
which recognized and appreciated the 
good in others. The ties of home and 
friendship were sacred to him and he 
took a genuine delight in doing a ser- 
vice for those who were near and dear 
to him. 

The death of Dr. Fleming, which oc- 
curred at Magnolia, ^Massachusetts, Aug- 
ust i8, 1896, deprived Pittsburgh and the 
State of Pennsylvania of one of its most 
distinguished m.en. He was a man ever 
ready to respond to any deserving call 
made upon him, yet the number of his 
benefactions will remain unknown, for 
he delighted to give in such a manner 
that few were aware of it. His was a 
complete life, full of goodness, leaving 
a trail of light behind. Above all he 
was a modest man, and never was a 
thing done by him for show or ostenta- 
tion. It was a solid, simple, true, un- 
assuming, strong and serviceable life. 



ELWOOD, Robert D., 

Mannfacturer, Financier. 

In presenting to the public a review 
of the lives of such men as have deserved 
well of their fellow citizens, the biogra- 
pher should not forget those who, al- 
though unobtrusive in their everyday 
life, yet by their individuality and force 
of character mould the commercial desti- 
nies, and give tone to the communities 
in which they live. Among the men 
whose lives and personal exertions have 



done so much toward the material and 
commercial prosperity of Pittsburgh, it 
may well be doubted if any deserve a 
more honorable mention in the historical 
and biographical annals of the city and 
State than Robert D. Elwood, head of 
the firm of R. D. Elwood & Company, 
grain brokers. 

Robert D. Elwood was born in Apollo, 
Armstrong county, Pennsylvania, April 
7, 1836, the son of John and Mary (Pat- 
terson) Elwood, and received his educa- 
tion in public and private schools. He 
began his business life as a clerk in a 
store, then engaged for a time in the 
canal business, and in 1861 enlisted as a 
soldier in the Union army, Company I, 
78th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteer 
Infantry. He served three years and 
four months, taking part in most of the 
engagements in which his regiment par- 
ticipated. Shortly following enlistment 
he was made second lieutenant, and after- 
wards was promoted to the rank of 
captain. 

The war over, Captain Elwood en- 
gaged in mercantile pursuits in Apollo 
from 1865 to 1871, and in 1872 went into 
the wholesale grain business in Pitts- 
burgh, in which he has since that time 
been successfully engaged. He organ- 
ized and was the first president of the 
Pittsburgh Grain Exchange. For some 
years he was president of the Iron City 
Milling Company, of Pittsburgh. He 
was one of the organizers of the First 
National Bank of Verona, and its presi- 
dent for a number of years, at the pres- 
ent time serving in the capacity of di- 
rector. He was also a director of the 
First-Second National Bank of Pitts- 
burgh for many years. He is a man of 
deep convictions, great force, and great 
personal power. Energy and intensity 
are strongly depicted in his countenance, 
as are executiveness and will-power, con- 
centration, fidelity and tenacity. Of late 
he has retired from active business, much 



402 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of his work being placed in the compe- 
tent hands of his son, Thomas J. Elwood, 
who is associated with him in the grain 
business, but he still keeps a watchful 
eye on his numerous commercial and 
financial interests and is in close touch 
with the affairs of the day. Mr. Elwood 
has been for nearly forty years a resi- 
dent of Verona, a suburb of Pittsburgh, 
and he is one of the most prominent and 
influential citizens of that place. While 
a man of the most progressive ideas he 
is also one of those who always build 
on firm foundations, and this combina- 
tion of qualities has resulted in his great 
success. In politics Mr. Elwood is a 
Republican, and in religion a Presbyter- 
ian. He is a member of the Pennsylvania 
Society. He is a Free Mason, a mem- 
ber of the Loyal Legion, United Veteran 
Legion, No. i, of Pittsburgh, and of the 
Grand Army of the Republic. 

Mr. Elwood married, August 14, 1866, 
Mary H. Lewellyn, daughter of John 
Lewellyn, of Apollo, and they are the 
parents of the following children : 
Thomas J. Elwood, associated with his 
father in the grain business; John F. 
(deceased) ; and Robert D. Jr., one of 
Pittsburgh's prominent attorneys. Mrs. 
Elwood is an educated and scholarly 
woman of rare wifely qualities and ac- 
complishments, and fitted by her prac- 
tical mind to be a helpmate to her hus- 
band in his aspirations and ambitions. 
Her husband's busy life has been full of 
achievements, and today he is held in 
genuine admiration by the people of 
Pittsburgh. He needs no eulogy, for the 
simple record of his career tells its own 
story. 



AIKEN, Henry, 

Mechanical and Consulting Engineer. 

Pittsburgh, that acme of activity, that 
creator of millionaires, is a city of prac- 
tical thinkers, of men who work with 



hands and brain, and foremost among 
those thinkers, whose thoughts crystal- 
lized into action, was the late Henry 
Aiken, a man of commanding intellect, 
numbered for many years among the 
greatest consulting mechanical engineers, 
not in Pennsylvania alone, but in the 
United States. 

The original home of the Aiken family 
was in Scotland and the name has been 
variously spelled Akyne, Aikyn, Akin, 
Akins, Akyng, Akens, Aken, before as- 
suming its present form, Aiken. 

Henry Aiken was born August 2, 1843, 
in county Down, Ireland, and was a son 
of John and Sarah (Davison) Aiken. 
When about five years of age he was 
brought by his parents to the United 
States. They landed in Philadelphia and 
went directly to Pittsburgh, where the 
boy attended the public schools. At the 
outbreak of the Civil War, being then 
only in his eighteenth year, he enlisted 
as a ninety-day man, and at the expira- 
tion of his term re-enlisted for three 
years, serving from 1861 to the close of 
the war, making the record of a brave 
soldier and receiving an honorable dis- 
charge. 

On leaving the army Mr. Aiken went 
to Philadelphia, where he engaged in the 
building of machinery, until the spring 
of 1880, when he removed to Pittsburgh, 
where, for a time, he followed the same 
line of industry. His extraordinary me- 
chanical genius was, however, rapidly 
developing, and first strikingly mani- 
fested itself on the occasion of his build- 
ing the open hearth steel plate mill for 
the firm of Park Brothers. In 1886 he 
constructed for Andrew Carnegie the 
celebrated steel plate mill which, even at 
this late date, with all the wonderful im- 
provements that have come to the steel 
manufacturing business, still stands as 
one of the most perfect and modern 
plants in the world, a triumphant testi- 
mony to the genius of one of the most 



403 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



brilliant mechanical and consulting en- 
gineers the world has ever seen. This 
statement, which might seem to some 
exaggerated in view of the comparatively- 
few years which Mr. Aiken had then 
given to the study of mechanical en- 
gineering, is, by those familiar with his 
professional record, known to be the 
simplest truth. 

After 1889 Mr. Aiken devoted himself 
exclusively to the duties of a mechanical 
and consulting engineer, his wide and 
comprehensive knowledge and excep- 
tional ability causing him to be much 
sought, and in this capacity he built 
some of the largest and most modern 
steel plants in the world. His inventive 
genius was great, as numbers of patents 
and labor-saving devices pertaining to 
the steel industry bear witness. Born 
to command, wise to plan, he was quick 
in action and capable of prolonged effort 
with the power of close concentration. 
To a man of his type work was happi- 
ness. He investigated thoroughly every 
detail of a proposed enterprise, calcu- 
lated closely the possible consequences 
of any given policy, and when satisfied 
decided promptly and adhered to his own 
convictions. His vigorous, compelling na- 
ture and keen, practical mind wrenched 
success from any enterprise to which he 
gave his vitalizing energy. 

In 1892 Mr. Aiken built the works of 
the Hydraulic Machine Company, of 
which he was the owner, and after 1899 
he gave his entire attention to this con- 
cern. In addition to his mechanical ge- 
nius he possessed extraordinary business 
talent, aided by resolute, persevering in- 
dustry and unimpeachable integrity. 
Over and above his responsibilities as 
head of this firm, Mr. Aiken was for 
years a member of the auditing commit- 
tee of the Real Estate Trust Company, 
rendering, in this capacity, most valua- 
ble, perhaps we should say, inestimable, 
service. Ambition, in him, was wholly 



subordinated to principle. Desiring suc- 
cess and rejoicing in the benefits and op- 
portunities which wealth brings, he was 
too broad-minded a man to rate it above 
its true value, and in all his mammoth 
business undertakings he found that en- 
joyment which comes in mastering a 
situation, the joy of doing what he un- 
dertook. The solution of problems and 
the invention of ways and means of over- 
coming difficulties afforded him the 
pleasure which an ordinary man would 
derive from a game requiring skill, care 
and thought. Like all men of genius 
possessed of large natures, he was ex- 
tremely modest, and in consequence of 
this it is impossible to give him the 
credit he so richly deserves for his work 
and his many inventions in connection 
with the steel business. For a number 
of these inventions, now in universal use, 
he never received the credit and reward 
which were rightfully his. 

Despite the fact that his business obli- 
gations were of too absorbing and stren- 
uous a nature to allow him to take an 
active part in public affairs, Mr. Aiken 
was, nevertheless, a vigilant and atten- 
tive observer of men and measures, and 
his ideas therefore carried weight among 
those with whom he discussed public 
problems. His political allegiance was 
given to the Republican party, and by 
his vote and influence he advocated and 
supported its cause and candidates. Tak- 
ing no active part in political controver- 
sies, nor seeking or consenting to hold 
office, he was, as a citizens, loyal in his 
support of measures calculated to bene- 
fit the city and promote its rapid and 
substantial development. No good work 
done in the name of charity or religion 
appealed to him in vain, and, realizing 
that he would not pass this way again, 
he made wise use of his opportunities 
and his wealth. 

Of genial nature and companionable 
disposition, Mr. Aiken made many 



404 




J^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



friends and belonged to several clubs, in- 
cluding the Duquesne Club and the 
Pittsburgh Country Club, where his tact- 
ful personality made him always a wel- 
come presence. Few men have been en- 
dowed with more notable social gifts, 
charm of voice and manner, an ever- 
luminous sense of humor, quick, gener- 
ous sympathies and, greatest of all, the 
subtle faculty of making all about him 
appear at their best. His ripe and varied 
experience, his judicial mind, and his 
careful observation made him the trusted 
counsellor of his friends at all times and 
in all phases of their lives. Young and 
old sought him alike to settle doubts 
and to adjust differences, and his decis- 
ions, both upon private matters and 
public interests, were recognized as pre- 
eminently wise, prudent and prophetic, 
and were triumphantly verified by the 
issue of events. He might truly be called 
a man universal. His sympathy for hu- 
manity was so broad that it extended to 
all who came in contact with him. 
Reared in the faith of the Methodist 
Episcopal church, he was devoid of all 
sectarian feeling. His insight into hu- 
man nature was keen, but large as was 
his mind his heart was larger. His sen- 
sitive nature abhorred ostentation, and 
his charity was of the kind that does 
good by stealth. 

Mr. Aiken married, June 20, 1870, Nel- 
lie, daughter of James and Eliza (Croft) 
Culton, of Edgerton, Wisconsin, and 
they became the parents of one daugh- 
ter: Nellie, who is now the wife of Dr. 
Edward Graver. Mr. Aiken was a man 
of strong domestic affections, always 
happiest at his own fireside, and ever 
finding in his wife an ideal helpmate. 

The death of Mr. Aiken, which oc- 
curred December 8, 1908, deprived Pitts- 
burgh of one of her most respected citi- 
zens and foremost business men, and 
robbed his country, and the world at 
large, of a famous engineer, one to whom 



others of his profession came for advice 
and direction, one whose brain was the 
controlling and guiding force in many 
gigantic enterprises. A man of large 
nature, beloved by his employees, hon- 
ored by his associates, and regarded by 
all as an example of integrity, energy, 
faithfulness and ability, he stood at all 
times as an able exponent of the spirit 
of the age in his efforts to advance prog- 
ress and improvement, and few men in 
Pittsburgh enjoyed to a greater degree 
the affection of their fellow-citizens, pos- 
sessing as he did that appreciation of 
the good traits of others, that warmth 
of heart and that grace of manner which 
win and hold friends. His business 
transactions were conducted in accord- 
ance with the highest principles, he ful- 
filled to the letter every trust committed 
to him and was generous in his feelings 
and conduct toward all. 

It is impossible to estimate the value 
of such a man to a community, at least 
during his life-time. While he is in the 
midst of his activities we cannot measure 
results by what he is accomplishing, or 
proportion them according to the extent 
of his specific business. His influence 
ramifies all through the commercial and 
industrial sphere, extending itself to the 
whole social economy. Every man, from 
the toiling laborer to the merchant 
prince, receives benefit from him. Such 
a man leaves the world better than he 
found it, and such a man was Henry 
Aiken. 



YOUNG, Edward Mark, 

Mannfactnrer, Man of Affairs. 

The Young family has figured prom- 
inently in the development of the Lehigh 
Valley for more than a century, repre- 
sentatives of the name leaving their 
impress upon the material progress, po- 
litical, social, intellectual and moral ad- 
vancement of Eastern Pennsylvania. The 



405 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



first of the name of whom we have 
authentic record is Christian Young, who 
was proprietor of a store at Clader's 
Lime Kilns in Hanover township, Le- 
high county. He was a native of Mil- 
ford township, Bucks county, Pennsyl- 
vania, and in early manhood married 
Catherine Strassburger. After the birth 
of their son Joseph, Christian Young re- 
turned with his family to Milford town- 
ship, Bucks county, where he conducted 
a store and also engaged in the operation 
of a farm. Several years prior to his 
death he established a dyeing and weav- 
ing business and remained in active con- 
nection with that enterprise up to the 
time of his demise, which occurred when 
he was fifty-seven years of age. He was 
a member of the Mennonite church. 

Joseph Young, son of Christian and 
Catherine Young, and grandfather of Ed- 
ward Mark Young, was born in Hanover 
township, Lehigh county, December 31, 
1812, and was one of a family of thirteen 
children, eight sons and five daughters. In 
his early youth he accompanied his par- 
ents on their removal to Milford town- 
ship, Bucks county, and there learned the 
trade of dyeing and weaving with his 
father, but it did not prove a congenial 
occupation to him, and when he was a 
youth of fifteen he went to Bethlehem, 
where he learned the blacksmith's trade 
with Mr. Warner. On the completion 
of his term of apprenticeship he removed 
to Coopersburg, Pennsylvania, where he 
engaged in blacksmithing until 1832. He 
then took up his abode in Allentown and 
entered the employment of Joseph Kram- 
er, a coach maker doing business on 
Seventh street. Subsequently he was 
employed successively by Major William 
Fry and Stephen Barber, and on leaving 
the latter service entered into partner- 
ship with Reuben Guth and Augustus L. 
Ruhe in the printing and book business. 
They were the publishers of the "Lecha 
Patriot." Finally, he retired from the 



firm and joined his former employer, 
Stephen Barber, in the establishment of 
a hardware store, which was one of the 
first business enterprises in Allentown. 
It developed with the growth of the city, 
becoming a large and profitable concern. 
Mr. Barber erected a building at No. 
724 Hamilton street, into which the hard- 
ware stock was moved. Later the store 
was established at No. 740 Hamilton 
street, where the business is carried on at 
the present time. Various changes oc- 
curred in the firm from time to time. 
The senior partner, Stephen Barber, died 
in i860. Shortly before his death a new 
partnership was formed between Mark 
S. Young, Joseph Young, Reuben P. 
Steckle and Edward B. Young, under the 
firm name of M. S. Young. & Co. This 
title for the firm has continued to the 
present time, though a number of 
changes have taken place. 

Joseph Young was prominent and in- 
fluential in public affairs in Allentown, 
and in 1838 became a charter member 
of the Humane Fire Company. He took 
part in the first firemen's parade in Al- 
lentown, August 26, 1843, with Mayor 
Strauss as chief marshal. A cold water 
fight in the business center of the city 
ended the day's sport. Hon. R. E. 
Wright, R. Strauss and Joseph R. New- 
hard were also members of the company. 
In 1841-42-43-44 Joseph Young was a 
member of the town council, Charles 
Seip and Peter Newhard being the 
burgesses. During the last two years of 
his incumbency he was chairman of the 
board. His political support was given 
to the Whig party until its dissolution, 
when he joined the ranks of the new Re- 
publican party. He gave his time and 
means to its advancement, and exercised 
considerable influence in local public 
circles. In 1856 he was a delegate to the 
Republican National Convention which 
nominated John C. Fremont as its first 
candidate for the presidency, and in i860 



406 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



was again a delegate, and in the latter gave earnest and effective cooperation to 



convention he had serious discussion 
with Simon Cameron because of his stal- 
wart championship of Abraham Lincoln. 
His life was ever actuated by honorable 
principles and noble purposes. In his 
youth he was confirmed in the Reformed 
Church, and upon his removal to Allen- 
town placed his membership in Zion's 
Reformed Church, of which he became 
an active and leading member, serving as 
deacon, and as superintendent of the 
Sunday School. He labored earnestly 
for the advancement of the cause and 
the extension of its influence until failing 
health necessitated his retirement from 
church work as well as other activities of 
life. In 1834 Joseph Young was married 
to Hannah Blumer, a daughter of Henry 
Blumer, and a granddaughter of Rev. 
Abraham Blumer, who was pastor of 
Zion Reformed Church, AUentown, dur- 
ing the Revolutionary War. 

Their only son. Colonel Edward Blum- 
er Young, was born in AUentown, Sep- 
tember 6, 1836, and pursued his education 
in AUentown Seminary under the instruc- 
tion of Rev. Dr. Kessler. He was in his 
sixteenth year when he went to Belle- 
fonte. Center county, Pennsylvania, and 
entered upon an apprenticeship at the 
watchmaker's trade, covering a term of 
-nearly three years. He never followed 
that pursuit, however, but returned home 
to enter the hardware store of Barber, 
Young & Company, in the capacity of 
clerk. He thus served until i860, when 
"he was admitted to a partnership and en- 
tered upon a career as a merchant that 
was at once successful and honorable. 
In his business affairs he was straight- 
forward, prompt and reliable, and his 
enterprise and diligence were potent fac- 
tors in the extension of the business, 
which became one of the leading mer- 
cantile interests in AUentown. 

In citizenship Colonel Young was 
■equally enterprising and progressive, and 



every measure which he believed would 
contribute to the general good. No pub- 
lic trust reposed in him was ever be- 
trayed in the slightest degree, and he 
won the esteem of all by the faithful dis- 
charge of the duties which were given to 
his care. He was called to various pub- 
lice offices, serving in early manhood as 
a member of the Select Council of Al- 
lentown from the Second Ward. For a 
number of years he was the treasurer of 
the Columbia Fire Company, and took 
deep interest and great pride in the de- 
velopment of the excellent Fire Depart- 
ment of AUentown. His patriotic spirit 
and loyal devotion to his country were 
aroused, and in 1862, when the rebel 
troops invaded Pennsylvania, he entered 
the service with the State militia. In 
June, 1863, upon the second invasion, he 
enlisted as first lieutenant of Company 
H, 27th Regiment Pennsylvania Volun- 
teers. His regiment was subsequently 
mustered into the United States service 
and joined the Army of the Potomac at 
Waynesboro, participating in the engage- 
ment at Wrightsville. The public serv- 
ice, however, which most endeared 
Colonel Young to his fellow townsmen 
was that he rendered them as mayor of 
AUentown. In the spring of 1876 he 
was nominated by the Republican party 
for the office of chief executive of the 
municipality, and after a stubborn contest 
was elected by a majority of sixty-nine 
votes. He was filling the office during 
the memorable labor riots of 1877, ^"d 
so conducted the affairs of the city that 
he won the highest commendation of all 
law-abiding people. Bloodshed and riot 
occurred in other places, but Mayor 
Young, comprehending the gravity of 
the situation and realizing the responsi- 
bility which developed upon him, held 
the reins of government with firm hand, 
and maintained law and order, quelling 
the disturbing spirit that would have 



407 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



brought about scenes of violence. His 
administration is certainly one of the 
most notable in the history of Allentown. 
His influence in political circles, how- 
ever, was not restricted to the city in 
which he made his home. He was recog- 
nized as one of the prominent Repub- 
licans of the State, and represented 
Lehigh county as a member of the State 
Central Committee. He was also chair- 
man of the Republican County Commit- 
tee for a number of years, and was 
frequently the representative of his coun- 
ty in the State conventions. In 1876 he 
was a delegate to the Republican Na- 
tional Convention at Cincinnati, Ohio, 
and he served as an aide-de-camp on the 
staffs of Governor Hartranft and of Gov- 
ernor Hoyt. He was also appointed one 
of the prison inspectors of Lehigh coun- 
ty, and his services were characterized in 
that board by the same excellent qual- 
ities ever manifest in his business and 
administrative relations. Political hon- 
ors and emoluments, however, had little 
attraction for him, and he never sought 
office as a reward for party fealty, but 
gave his support to the principles which 
he believed contained the best elements 
of good government, working for his 
party because he believed it to be the 
duty as well as the privilege of every 
American citizen to support his honest 
political convictions. He was fearless 
in defense of what he believed, yet was 
never bitterly aggressive, and he won the 
highest respect of the opposition as well 
as the leaders of his own party. 

The influence of Colonel Young was 
felt in equally strong measure in fratern- 
al circles. He attained high rank in 
Masonry, holding membership in Barger 
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons ; Al- 
lentown Chapter, Royal Arch Masons ; 
Allentown Council, Royal and Select 
Masters ; Allentown Commandery, 
Knights Templar, and Philadelphia Con- 
sistory, Sovereign Princes of the Royal 



Secret. He filled the highest ofiice in 
each of the York Rite bodies, and was 
recognized as one of the best informed 
Masons in the tenets of the craft in the 
State. He was also an active member 
of the Grand Army of the Republic, and 
assisted in the organization of Post No. 
87, Allentown, which since his death has 
been named in his honor. He was its 
first commander, and at the time of his 
demise was serving as quartermaster. 
His opinions carried weight in the Penn- 
sylvania department, and he was at one 
time a member of the council of admin- 
istration of the State and represented his 
post at many encampments. He gave 
freely of his means to the cause of 
Christianity, and although not a member, 
served as trustee of the Presbyterian 
church. 

Colonel Young died December 30, 
1879, in the forty-fourth year of his age. 
His personal characteristics, his unfail- 
ing honor in business, political and social 
relations, and his loyalty to his honest 
convictions, endeared him to all with 
whom he was associated at the time of 
his death. He was survived by his wife 
and three children: Annie E., Harry J. 
and Edward M. Mrs. Young bore the 
maiden name of Mary Ann Kuhns, and 
was born in Allentown, Pennsylvania. 
Her parents were Peter and Elizabeth 
(Knerr) Kuhns, and the latter was a 
daughter of Andrew and Catherine Eliz- 
abeth (Schall) Knerr. Andrew Knerr 
and his brother John were the only sons 
of Abraham Knerr, who was born in 
Germany, in 1714, and migrated to Le- 
high Valley in 1748, taking up three hun- 
dred acres of land in Lowhill township. 

Edward Mark Young, only living son 
of Colonel Edward B. and Mary A. 
Young, was born in Allentown, Penn- 
sylvania, September 24, 1866. Having 
acquired his early education in the public 
schools, he subsequently attended Muh- 
lenberg College until he had completed 



408 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



one-half the work of the junior year. 
He then entered upon his business career 
in the store of M. S. Young & Company, 
in order to become practically familiar 
with mercantile methods, and more espe- 
cially those in use in the hardware trade. 
This business, with which his father was 
so long associated, and in which the fam- 
ily has been interested for more than 
sixty years, is successfully conducted at 
the present time (1913) by Edward M. 
Young and his partner, Wilson P. Lud- 
wig. The safe, conservative policy in- 
augurated at the beginning has always 
been followed, and the progressive meth- 
ods of the present time have also been 
introduced, making the enterprise one of 
the leading concerns in Allentown. Mr. 
Young has extended his efforts to a num- 
ber of other fields of labor. In Novem- 
ber, 1897, he assisted in organizing the 
Lehigh Portland Cement Company, was 
for a period of years its secretary and 
treasurer, and is now vice-president of 
this corporation. The twelve plants of 
this company have an annual capacity of 
over ten million barrels, and it is one of 
the largest companies in the world. For 
the past fifteen years Mr. Young has also 
been president of the Allentown Steam 
Heating and Power Company. He is a 
director in the Lehigh Valley Transit 
Company; he took an active part in the 
reorganization of the old Lehigh Valley 
Traction Company, and was the first 
vice-president of the new company. The 
entire system has been developed, im- 
proved and extended, and the excellent 
facilities for. public accommodation are 
considered one of the potent factors in the 
development of the city and of the coun- 
try through which it operates. 

Like his father and grandfather, Ed- 
ward Mark Young has been associated 
with the political, social and civic life 
of Allentown. During the six years from 
1894 to 1900 he served as a member of the 
Board of Control of Education from the 



Second Ward. In 1896 he was a dele- 
gate to the Republican National Conven- 
tion which met at St. Louis and nomi- 
nated Major William McKinley for the 
presidency of the United States. He was 
also a delegate to the Republican Na- 
tional Convention of 1908 in which Wil- 
liam Howard Taft was nominated for the 
office of president. He has served ten 
years as a member of the Republican 
State Committee of Pennsylvania. Gov- 
ernor Tener appointed Air. Young as a 
member of the commission charged with 
completing the buildings of the State 
Homoeopathic Hospital for Insane near 
Allentown, Pennsylvania, and he was 
subsequently appointed a member of the 
board of trustees of that institution. He 
is a trustee of the Allentown Hospital, of 
Muhlenberg College at Allentown, of the 
Allentown College for Women, and of the 
Presbyterian Church. His social affilia- 
tions consist of membership in the fol- 
lowing organizations : The Union League 
of Philadelphia, the Livingston Club of 
Allentown, the Lehigh Country Club of 
Allentown, and the Independent Order of 
Elks. 

Mr. Young has served for a number of 
years as director of the Lehigh Valley 
Trust Company ; was for about two years 
its vice-president, and for the past six 
years has filled the position of president. 
The Lehigh Valley Trust Company, lo- 
cated at No. 634-636 Hamilton street, Al- 
lentown, Pennsylvania, was incorporated 
in 1888, and was the first institution of 
its kind in the Lehigh Valley. By care- 
ful and conservative management the as- 
sets of the company have grown from an 
original capitalization of $125,000 to a 
total of capital, surplus and undivided 
profits, amounting to $650,000. The 
trust funds now in charge of the bank 
amount to over $2,800,000. A handsome, 
new and well appointed fire-proof bank- 
ing-house has just been completed, and 
the company is recognized as one of the 



409 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



leading institutions of its kind in this 
part of the State. The directorate has al- 
ways been made up of men of standing in 
the community, and at present is repre- 
sented by the following: Morris C. 
Bastian, Wilson J. Hartzell, Andrew S. 
Keck, George Ormrod, Harvey H. Farr, 
George K. Mosser, Alfred G. Saeger, 
George H. Kleppinger, Charles F. Mos- 
ser, John Taylor, Samuel B. Anewalt, 
Joseph Ruhe, Lawrence H. Rupp, Ed- 
ward H. Reninger, Lewis O. Shank- 
weiler, and Edward M. Young. 

Mr. Young married, January 27, 1891, 
Kate R., daughter of Samuel B. and Caro- 
line (Keck) Anewalt, of Allentown, and 
they have had five children : Hannah M., 
married to J. Edward Durham, Jr. ; Rob- 
ert A., Joseph S., Caroline, and Edward 
M., Jr. 



AIKEN, Robert K., 

Lawyer, Fablic Official. 

The Aikens first settled in Maryland, 
and they lived a short time near Mt. 
Pleasant, in Westmoreland county, Penn- 
sylvania. They settled about 1800 in that 
part of Beaver county, Pennsylvania, that 
is now Wayne township, Lawrence coun- 
ty- 
Alexander Harrison Aiken, the father 
of Robert Kennedy Aiken, was a mer- 
chant first at Princeton, Lawrence coun- 
ty, and later at Portersville, Butler coun- 
ty. In 1874 he moved to Mt. Jackson, 
where he continued in business until his 
death, July i, 1878. His wife, Jane Ken- 
nedy, was born in Muddycreek township, 
Butler county, and died at New Castle, 
Pennsylvania, in March, 1904. 

Robert Kennedy Aiken, son of Alex- 
ander Harrison and Jane (Kennedy) 
Aiken, was born in Portersville, Butler 
county, Pennsylvania. He attended the 
public schools at Portersville and Mt. 
Jackson. After the death of his father 
he continued the mercantile business in 



Mt. Jackson until 1886, when he retired 
and entered Westminster College, New 
Wilmington, Pennsylvania, whence he 
was graduated with the degree of A. 
B. in the class of 1890. Upon com- 
pletion of his college course, his tastes 
inclining to a professional rather than a 
business career, he entered the law of- 
fice of David S. Morris, Esq., an active 
practicing attorney of the city of New 
Castle, Pennsylvania, under whose direc- 
tion he pursued the study of law, com- 
pleting the full law course and being 
admitted to the bar of Lawrence county, 
in September, 1891. Opening an office in 
the city of New Castle, he at once began 
the practice of his profession and with 
pronounced success. In 1894 he was 
elected District Attorney for Lawrence 
county and prosecuted the duties of his 
office in such a brilliant and energetic 
manner as to establish his place as one of 
the leading lawyers at the Lawrence 
county bar. His natural talent in that 
direction improved and cultivated in the 
trial of cases in the District Attorney's 
office has rendered him one of the most 
distinguished and successful trial lawyers. 
His ability and integrity have secured 
for him a large and varied private prac- 
tice calling for his appearance in the in- 
terests of his clients in all the State and 
Federal Courts of the District. 

From 1898 to 1902 Mr. Aiken was a 
member of the Select Council of New 
Castle, and for this entire period was 
president of that body. In politics Mr. 
Aiken's principles have been largely 
those of the Republican party, but of an 
independent progressive type, and has al- 
ways been a leader in the fight against 
domination of the party by the bosses, 
and has never hesitated to break with 
either his party or its leaders on a ques- 
tion of principle. 

For a number of years Mr. Aiken has 
been a member of the board of trustees of 
Westminster College, which position he 



410 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



still holds, taking a keen interest in the 
welfare of the student body and in the 
prosperity of his alma mater. His re- 
ligious affiliation is with the United Pres- 
byterian Church, he being a member of 
the Second Congregation of that denom- 
ination in the city of New Castle. 



McKINNEY, William S., 

Iieader in Community Interests. 

Not all the men to whom Pittsburgh 
owes her commercial celebrity were her 
sons by birth. Many came from parts of 
Pennsylvania remote from her bounda- 
ries and others from portions of the 
Union far distant from the Keystone 
State. Conspicuous among the business 
men inseparably associated with the Iron 
City, but not born within her confines, 
was the late William S. McKinney, Presi- 
dent of the McKinney Manufacturing 
Company and identified with a number of 
leading financial institutions. Mr. Mc- 
Kinney took an active interest in chari- 
table and religious work and was promi- 
nent in the social life of his adopted 
city. 

William S. McKinney was born August 
II, 1844, in Troy, New York, and was a 
son of Robert and Mary Jane (Smythe) 
McKinney. The boy was educated in 
public and private schools of his native 
city and in 1861 removed with his par- 
ents to Cincinnati. In 1878 Mr. McKin- 
ney came to Pittsburgh which was 
thenceforth his home during the remain- 
der of his life. He was president of the 
McKinney Manufacturing Company from 
the date of its organization until his 
death, and the concern was built up chief- 
ly by his tireless energy and aggressive 
methods enforced by an unimpeachable 
integrity which inspired universal confi- 
dence. The specialty of the company 
was the making of hinges and bolts, and 
in this line of manufacture they had no 
superior. Forceful, sagacious and re- 



sourceful, Mr. McKinney was recognized 
as one in the inmost circle of those clos- 
est to the business concerns and financial 
interests which most largely conserved 
the growth and progress of the city. To 
his associates he showed a kindly, hu- 
morous side of his nature which made 
their business relations most enjoyable, 
while his conduct toward his subordinates 
was marked by a uniform justice and 
benevolence which won for him their 
most loyal service and was, in fact, one 
of the secrets of his phenomenal success. 
He was a director of the Allegheny Trust 
Company and the Pennsylvania Light, 
Heat and Power Company, and had large 
financial interests in many of the leading 
business and monetary institutions of 
the city. 

As a citizen with exalted ideas of good 
government and civic virtue, Mr. McKin- 
ney stood in the front rank. Always 
searching for a channel through which 
the material and moral welfare of Pitts- 
burgh might be advanced, he never failed 
to lend a strong hand in the guidance of 
such advancement. As a Republican he 
took an active part in public aflfairs, and 
for years represented his ward in the Al- 
legheny Council. For nearly twenty 
years he served as one of the managers 
of the Pennsylvania Reform School at 
Morganza, his last commission being is- 
sued by Governor Tener in June, 191 1. 
Ever ready to respond to any deserving 
call made upon him, the full number of his 
benefactions will in all probability ever 
remain unknown for his charity was of 
the kind that shuns publicity. He be- 
longed to the Duquesne Club and the 
Pittsburgh Country Club, and was a 
member of the Shady Side Presbyterian 
Church, in the work of which he took an 
active interest. A fine-looking, genial 
man, his countenance radiated an optimis- 
tic spirit and also gave evidence of the 
strong mental endowments by which he 
was distinguished. His business capacity 



411 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



was of the highest order and his judg- 
ment of men exceptional. He possessed 
a frankness and kindHness of disposition 
and a courtesy of manner which made 
him a delightful companion and he was 
a dependable man in any relation and any 
emergency, ready to meet any obligation 
of life with the confidence and courage 
born of conscious personal ability and an 
habitual regard for what is best in the 
sphere of human activities. The briefest 
conversation with him revealed those 
versatile talents which won for him the 
admiration of his fellow-citizens. 

Mr. McKinney married (first) Mary 
Frances Harper, of Hamilton, Ohio, and 
they were the parents of two daughters: 
Mary Alice, and Katherine Eliza. Mrs. 
McKinney died, and Mr. McKinney mar- 
ried (second) August 14, 1884, Jane B., 
daughter of James and Maria Louisa, 
(McKee) McGunegle. The following 
children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Mc- 
Kinney: Robert Grant, William S., Vir- 
ginia, and Louise, who is the wife of 
Roland G. Wood. Mrs. McKinney, a 
woman of rare wifely qualities, was ad- 
mirably fitted by her excellent practical 
mind to be a helpmate to her husband 
in his aspirations and ambitions, possess- 
ing also those domestic qualities which 
enabled her to make the home a refuge 
from the storm and stress of business and 
public affairs. Mr. McKinney loved no 
place so well as his own fireside and was 
never so happy as when surrounded by 
his family and friends, for he delighted 
in the exercise of hospitality and was, as 
all who were privileged to be his guests 
can testify, an incomparable host. 

The death of Mr. McKinney, which oc- 
curred August 30, 191 1, was a direct blow 
to Pittsburgh. Unostentatious in his ac- 
tivities, he nevertheless was a man of 
most progressive endeavor and no more 
loyal lover of his city was to be found 
within her confines. The financial and 
commercial concerns, the educational, po- 



litical, charitable and religious interests 
which constitute the chief features in the 
life of every community, all profited by 
his support and co-operation and few men 
have enjoyed to a greater degree the con- 
fidence of their fellow-citizens. Albeit 
not by birth a Pittsburgher, none could 
have partaken more largely of the spirit 
of the Iron City than did her adopted son, 
William S. McKinney. He seemed to 
share with her that secret of perpetual 
energy which is and ever has been her 
peculiar possession and his record abun- 
dantly testifies that he had adopted for 
his own her distinctive motto — "Do!" 



JOHNSTON, William G., 

Iieading Printer, Financier. 

The fundamental cause of Pittsburgh's 
greatness is found in the unsurpassed 
quality of her citizenship — a citizenship 
which includes a class of men who have 
devoted themselves to ministering to the 
literary and intellectual life of the city 
and so have helped to maintain her in 
that mental supremacy which is the basis 
of her gigantic material force. Notable 
among this influential class of citizens 
was the late William Graham Johnston, 
founder of the old and well known print- 
ing and bookbinding firm of William G. 
Johnston & Company, and for more than 
half a century prominently identified with 
the business, civic and religious interests 
of his native Pittsburgh. 

Samuel Johnston, great-grandfather of 
William Graham Johnston, served as 
surgeon in the patriot army of the Rev- 
olution, and died in service April 4, 1777. 
John, son of Samuel Johnston, was the 
fourth postmaster of Pittsburgh, and a 
trustee of the old log church, the first 
of the Presbyterian denomination erected 
in that city. He married Mary Reed, 
daughter of Samuel Reed. 

Samuel R. Johnston, son of John and 
Mary (Reed) Johnston, was head of the 



412 




VVmvv \J\ .^r«rvN>«^v 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



firm of Johnston & StockmaH, printers 
and publishers of Pittsburgh's early days, 
and from 1818 to 1822 was one of the 
proprietors of the old "Pittsburgh Ga- 
zette." Samuel R. Johnston was elected 
treasurer of the city in 1839, and served 
two years, and served several terms as 
treasurer of Allegheny county. He mar- 
ried Mary Nelson, daughter of Andrew 
Nelson, and niece of the late Major Wil- 
liam Graham. Samuel R. Johnston died 
September 17, 1854. 

William Graham Johnston, son of 
Samuel and Mary (Nelson) Johnston, 
was born August 22, 1828, in Pittsburgh, 
and received his early education in pub- 
lic and private schools, passing from 
these to the Bellevernon Academy and 
thence to the Western University of 
Pennsylvania, now the University of 
Pittsburgh. He attained his majority in 
1849 — the year made memorable by the 
discovery of the California gold fields — 
and lost no time in organizing a party 
of young Pittsburghers, including the 
late William O'Hara Scully, to make the 
perilous and romantic journey. They 
were passengers on the wagon-train 
which was the first to enter California, 
and their own particular mess was the 
first to reach the Sacramento river. In 
1892 he published for private circulation 
a book telling of his experiences in the 
"days of '49." 

In 1857 Mr. Johnston founded the 
printing and bookbinding firm of Wil- 
liam G. Johnston & Company, their place 
of business being situated at Wood street 
and Second avenue. In 1886 he erected 
at Penn avenue and Ninth street the 
structure now occupied by the firm. 
Such were his versatility of talent and 
untiring energy that his activities in the 
business world were not limited to his 
connection with this important concern. 
He assisted in organizing the Pitts- 
burgh Exposition, the Citizens' Insur- 
ance Company, the Duquesne National 



Bank, and the Pittsburgh Steel Casting 
Company, the last named being the first 
steel casting company of the United 
States. In all these corporations Mr. 
Johnston held the office of president, and 
he was also president of the Hainsworth 
Steel Company, taken over by the Oliver 
interests. Previous to this he had held 
the presidency of the Atlantic and Pacific 
Telegraph Company and the Mercantile 
Telegraph Company, both acquired by 
the Western Union, and he had also 
been president of the Woodruff Sleeping 
Car Company, later taken over by the 
Pullman Company. The full discharge 
of the duties involved in half these re- 
sponsible positions would have been an 
impossibility to the average man, but 
William Graham Johnston was not an 
average man. To whatever he under- 
took he gave his whole soul, allowing 
none of the many interests intrusted to 
his charge to suffer for want of close and 
able attention and industry. 

Seldom, indeed, is it that a man as ac- 
tive and successful in business as was Mr. 
Johnston takes the keen and helpful in- 
terest in civic afifairs which he mani- 
fested, his name being associated with 
various projects of the utmost municipal 
concern. The only public office which he 
ever consented to hold was that of school 
director, and for many years he served 
as president of the old Twentieth Ward 
school board. No good work done in the 
name of charity or religion sought his 
co-operation in vain and in his work of 
this character he brought to bear the 
same discrimination and thoroughness 
which were manifest in his business life. 
During the railroad riots of 1877 he was 
elected chairman of the committee of 
public safety, a body largely instrumental 
in bringing order out of chaos at that 
crisis in our affairs. 

In religious matters Mr. Johnston took 
an active part, holding the office of elder 
in the East Liberty Presbyterian Church, 



413 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and serving as superintendent of its Sun- 
day school. He was a trustee of the 
Pennsylvania College for Women, and 
was continuously on the boards of va- 
rious charitable institutions. Busy man as 
he was throughout a long and useful life, 
he was withal a great traveler, visiting 
every state in the Union and nearly every 
country on the globe. A man of fine 
personal appearance, Mr. Johnston's 
countenance was expressive of that ex- 
traordinary energy of mind of which his 
career furnished such striking evidence. 
One of his salient characteristics was in- 
sight into the motives and merits of men, 
his ability to detect sham and pretense. 
As an author he had the enviable reputa- 
tion of never failing to interest his read- 
ers. In addition to the work on Cali- 
fornia mentioned above he published a 
book relating to the early history of Pitts- 
burgh, and was widely known as a news- 
paper and magazine writer. Broad in 
his views, buoyant in disposition, honest, 
sincere and self-reliant, strictly upright 
in all his transactions, he won and held 
a high place in the esteem and afifection 
of all who knew him. 

Mr. Johnston married (first) in 1853, 
Sarah, daughter of Matthew Stewart, a 
representative of one of the old families 
of Pittsburgh, and they became the par- 
ents of the following children: Sarah, 
deceased ; Mrs. Harry P. Pears, of Pitts- 
burgh ; Mrs. Robert W. Patterson, also 
of Pittsburgh; Mrs. H. C. Beville, of 
California; Paul, of Rochester, New 
York; and Stewart, president of the Pitts- 
burgh Steel Foundry Company. The 
imother of these children died in 1889, 
while travelling abroad, and in 1894 Mr. 
Johnston married (second) Charlotte 
Winslow, of Watertown, New York, who 
died a few years later. In 1899 Mr. John- 
ston married (third) Julia Ely, of Water- 
town, New York, who survives him. In 
the exercise of hospitality Mr. Johnston 
found one of his chief pleasures, and all 



who were ever privileged to be his guests 
can testify that he was a delightful host 
and a most effective conversationalist, 
having accumulated a rich store of infor- 
mation and kept in close touch with the 
events of the day and with prominent 
men of all professions and callings. 

In 1894 Mr. Johnston became a resident 
of Watertown, New York, and it was 
there that he breathed his last, on June 
I, 1913. Despite the fact that nearly 
twenty years had elapsed since he left 
Pittsburgh, the Iron City claimed him as 
one of her favorite sons, and, when the 
news of his death arrived, mourned him 
as one ever to be held in honored and 
grateful remembrance. Beloved by his 
employes, respected by his business as- 
sociates, he had stood for many years as 
a splendid type of the American citizen 
whose interests are broad and whose la- 
bors are a manifestation of a recognition 
of the responsibilities of wealth as well 
as of his ability in the successful control 
of commercial affairs. 

William Graham Johnston was the 
great-grandson of a man who in the ex- 
ercise of his beneficent calling laid down 
his life in the struggle for national inde- 
pendence, and he was the son and grand- 
son of men who a century and more ago 
were prominently identified with the 
leading interests of Pittsburgh. Patrio- 
tic, useful and respected citizens, they 
left a record of enduring honor. Nobly 
did their descendant emulate their ex- 
ample, his achievements even surpassing 
their own and adding new lustre to a 
name which, for three generations, had 
been held in deserved honor in the Com- 
monwealth of Pennsylvania. 



McKELVY, James P., 

Frominent Physician. 

Among those benefactors of mankind 
whose talents, in whatever direction they 
may be exercised, are used for the relief 



414 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and uplifting of humanity, there is no 
larger class than that formed by the 
votaries of the noble profession of medi- 
cine. The physicians of Pittsburgh have 
ever stood in the front rank, noted as 
they have been for close study, unwearied 
research and ceaseless activity, and those 
who to-day maintain the ancient prestige 
of the profession are in all respects the 
equals of their distinguished predeces- 
sors. 

James McKelvy, great-grandfather of 
James P. McKelvy, was born in County 
Down, Ireland, and in 1804 emigrated to 
the United States, settling in Allegheny 
county, Pennsylvania. He eventually 
purchased a farm of one hundred and 
sixty acres, then composed chiefly of 
woodland, but which by his industry and 
perseverance was cleared and rendered 
productive. He married in Ireland and 
his children were: James, mentioned be- 
low ; William, late of Pittsburgh ; Hugh, 
also late of Pittsburgh, and an oil mer- 
chant; John, a farmer; Elizabeth, wife of 
John Bowers, and now deceased ; Sarah, 
wife of Adam Walters ; and Mary A., 
wife of Daniel Armstrong. The parents 
of these children spent the latter years of 
their lives on their own farm. They 
were exemplary characters and members 
of the Protestant Church. 

James McKelvy, son of James and 
Elizabeth McKelvy, was born about 1800, 
in Ireland, and remained at home until 
his marriage, three years later purchas- 
ing a farm which he brought to a high 
state of cultivation, becoming, moreover, 
noted for the excellent quality of his 
stock. In 1839 the log cabin which had 
hitherto been his dwelling was replaced 
by one of the best brick houses to be 
found in the length and breadth of the 
county. Mr. McKelvy was prominent in 
township affairs, and in politics was an 
old-line Whig and later a Republican. 
He was a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church, and instrumental in the 



erection of its first structure in Wilkins- 
burg. He married Rosanna, born on the 
Swisshelm homestead, near Swissvale 
Station, daughter of John and Elizabeth 
(Wonderly) Swisshelm, the former a 
Revolutionary veteran, of old Pennsyl- 
vania stock. Of the nine children of Mr. 
and Mrs. McKelvy the following reached 
maturity: John S., mentioned below; 
William H., a physician of Pittsburgh ; 
Wilbur P., also of Pittsburgh ; Martha J., 
wife of Henry Wintersmith, of Louis- 
ville, Kentucky; James AL, judge of 
Stearns county, Minnesota, and now de- 
ceased ; and Elizabeth, who married John 
W. Hagen, and is now deceased. James 
McKelvy, the father, died in 1888. He 
was a man of strict integrity and was 
held by his neighbors in the highest and 
most deserved esteem. 

John S. McKelvy, son of James and 
Rosanna (Swisshelm) McKelvy, was 
born April 22, 1841, on the homestead, 
and received his early education in the 
public schools, afterward attending Wil- 
kinsburg Academy and then entering Al- 
legheny College. He spends part of the 
year on the homestead, but has a resi- 
dence in Wilkinsburg. where he has 
erected several business blocks. He is a 
Republican, and has held several local 
offices, serving many years on the school 
board, and also in the borough council. 
He affiliates with Braddock Lodge, Free 
and Accepted Masons, and is a member 
of the Presbyterian Church, having been 
largely instrumental in building and sup- 
porting the churches of the place in which 
he lives. Mr. McKelvy married, Septem- 
ber 16, 1863, Eleanor, bom December 6, 
1840, in Wilkinsburg, daughter of John 
and Mary (Davis) Horner, and the fol- 
lowing children have been born to them: 
Rose, wife of Marshall D. ^McWhinney, 
of Edgewood ; a son who died in in- 
fancy : James P., mentioned below : Mary 
H., who married Louis A. Raisig and is 
now deceased ; Elizabeth H., wife of Dr. 



415 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



W. A. Sanderson, of Wilkinsburg ; 
Eleanor G., wife of H. W. Mcintosh, of 
Wilkinsburg; and John Semple. 

Dr. James P. McKelvy, son of John S. 
and Eleanor (Horner) McKelvy, was 
born December i, 1869, on the ancestral 
farm, near Wilkinsburg, Pennsylvania, 
and received his elementary education in 
the public schools of that place, later at- 
tending for three years the Pittsburgh 
high schools, after which he took up the 
study of chemistry and entered Columbia 
University. Having completed his course 
of study he entered the service of the 
firm of Mcintosh & Hemphill, and for 
three years followed the profession of a 
chemist. Both the tastes and talents of 
Mr. McKelvy strongly inclined him to 
the profession of medicine, and he re- 
solved after a time to make this noble 
calling his life-work. Accordingly, he 
matriculated in the Medical Department 
of Columbia University, and in 1901 re- 
ceived from that institution the degree of 
Doctor of Medicine. He then spent two 
years in the Roosevelt Hospital, New 
York City, and in 1904 opened an office 
in Pittsburgh, where he has since built 
up a large and lucrative practice, — the re- 
sult of innate ability joined to patient, 
arduous, unremitting application and in- 
flexible and unfaltering courage. He oc- 
cupies a prominent position in the medi- 
cal fraternity and both they and the pub- 
lic at large can testify that the enviable 
reputation which he has already gained 
is justly merited. 

As a citizen with exalted ideas of good 
government and civic virtue, Dr. Mc- 
Kelvy stands in the front rank, and no 
plan having the promotion of these ends 
in view fails to secure his hearty coopera- 
tion and support. Ever ready to respond 
to any deserving call made upon him, the 
full number of his benefactions will, in 
all probability, never be known to the 
world, for his charity is of the kind that 
shuns publicity. The countenance of Dr. 



McKelvy shows him to be a man of much 
force of character and strong individual- 
ity, of noble impulses and a warm heart. 
His manner, dignified, courteous and 
genial, attracts all who approach him and 
he has no small share of personal mag- 
netism. A man of cultivated tastes, he 
has always given his influence to those 
interests which promote culture along 
lines of art and which work for the 
Christianizing of the race and recognize 
the common brotherhood of man. Of 
quick perceptions and sound judgment, 
and honorable in every relation of life, 
he commands the respect and confidence 
of the entire community and has sur- 
rounded himself with a large circle of 
sincere and loyal friends. 

Dr. McKelvy married in December, 
1894, Sarah, born at Bessemer, Pennsyl- 
vania, daughter of Robert and Catherine 
McKinney, and they are the parents of 
one son : William M., born May 10, 
1896. 

Dr. McKelvy is a man of strong do- 
mestic tastes and affections and delights 
in the exercise of hospitality. The pro- 
fessional career of Dr. McKelvy has thus 
far been a noteworthy one, but the great- 
er portion of it is yet to come. He is 
now but in early middle life, having not 
yet completed his forty-fourth year. 
Moreover, he represents a type of man 
with whom the age of accomplishment 
is never passed. The future attainments 
of such a man it is impossible to predict 
with any degree of certainty, but the 
record of Dr. McKelvy justifies a large 
measure of anticipation for the years to 
come. 



416 



McKELVY, John H., 

Financier, Public Official. 

The cornerstone of Pittsburgh's pres- 
tige was laid in the character of its first 
workers, chief among whom were repre- 
sentatives of that ever aggressive and 





y/ Hii/c 




ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



dominant race, the Scotch-Irish. Notable 
among the descendants of these pioneers 
was the late John H. McKeIvy, president 
of the Pennsylvania branch of the Na- 
tional Lead and'Oil Company, and identi- 
fied for a third of a century, with the 
business, financial and political interests 
of the "Iron City." 

John H. McKelvy was born August 21, 
1837, in Pittsburgh, and was a son of 
Hugh and Jane (McCully) AIcKelvy, and 
a descendant of Hugh McKelvy who, in 
1796, emigrated from Ireland and settled 
on a farm where the city of Pittsburgh 
now stands. John H. McKelvy was edu- 
cated in the public schools of his native 
city, and at the age of sixteen entered the 
service of his granduncle, William Mc- 
Cully, a well known glass manufacturer. 
He showed, from the first, marked ability 
in the execution of every detail of the 
business, and this, in combination with 
his strict fidelity to duty, attracted the 
notice of his superiors and caused him 
to be rapidly advanced. In 1862 he be- 
came a member of the firm, the business 
being then carried on under the name of 
William McCully & Company. 

In 1874 Mr. McKelvy engaged in the 
white lead business as one of the firm of 
Armstrong & McKelvy, proving himself 
to be a splendid specimen of the alert, 
energetic, progressive business man, to 
whom obstacles are an incentive to re- 
newed endeavor rather than a bar to 
progress. Under his capable manage- 
ment, unfaltering self-reliance and far- 
sighted sagacity the business prospered 
in all its branches. Mr. McKelvy, though 
kind-hearted to a fault, yet demanded 
the strictest attention to duty from his 
subordinates, who were enthusiastically 
devoted to the promotion of his interests. 
In 1890 his firm united with the National 
Lead and Oil Company, which was then 
organized, and he became president of 
the Penns3dvania branch, serving also as 
a member of the national board of di- 



rectors. As a man of progressive en- 
deavor and uncommon administrative 
ability Mr. McKelvy was interested in a 
number of other enterprises, serving as 
president of the Chelsea China Company 
and the Hidalgo Mining Company of 
Mexico, as well as in other prominent po- 
sitions. He held the offices of president 
of the Liberty National Bank and vice- 
president of the First National Bank of 
Pittsburgh, and in his discharge of these 
responsible and exacting duties proved 
that his ability as a financier was fully 
equal to that which he possessed as a 
business man. 

In politics Mr. McKelvy was a Repub- 
lican, and as a citizen gave loyal support 
to all measures calculated to benefit 
Pittsburgh. While averse to public life, 
he consented to serve for some years as a 
member of the Select Council, where his 
presence was most valuable, no man pos- 
sessing a more thorough knowledge of 
the city's shortcomings and needs as well 
as of its advantages and attractions. 
Ever ready to respond to any deserving 
call made upon him, the full number of 
his benefactions will, in all probability, 
never be known to the world, for he de- 
lighted to give in such a manner that 
few were aware of it, but all who knew 
him can confidently assert that never did 
he neglect an opportunity to assist one 
less fortunate than himself. 

Of most pleasing address and modest 
bearing, with a countenance which gave 
the strongest proof of his commanding 
intellect and capacious heart, Mr. Mc- 
Kelvy was a man who, by his splendid 
personal qualifications, endeared him- 
self to all who came into close relations 
with him. His good judgment and fine 
poise made him a valued adviser, and, 
possessing as he did, the very highest 
sense of honor, integrity was stamped 
upon all his dealings. It might be said 
with almost literal truth that the number 
of his friends was legion. 



417 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Mr. McKelvy married, June 15, 1865, 
Jane Hays, daughter of John Hays and 
Christiana (Lattimore) Ralston, of Pitts- 
burgh, and they became the parents of the 
following children : Christine Lattimore, 
married Jesse T. Lazear, of Pittsburgh; 
John Ralston, who died 1897; William 
E., married Elizabeth Graham, daughter 
of James Graham, of Memphis, Tennes- 
see; James King; Jean McCuUy; and 
Charles Hays. Mrs. McKelvy, a woman 
of rare wifely qualities, and admirably 
fitted by her excellent practical mind to 
be a helpmate to her husband in his as- 
pirations and ambitions, was the sun- 
shine of his home and the object, together 
with their children, of his life-long devo- 
tion. 

The death of Mr. McKelvy, which oc- 
curred May 13, 1896, was a direct blow 
to Pittsburgh, depriving her of a strong 
and capable man of affairs, true to every 
trust, and over the record of whose pub- 
lic and private life there falls no shadow 
of wrong nor suspicion of evil. There 
is no eulogy which carries with it more 
honorable significance than that pro- 
nounced upon the able, high-minded busi- 
ness man, the astute, conservative finan- 
cier and the loyal, public-spirited citizen. 
To each of these titles John H. McKelvy 
possessed an undisputed claim, and by 
none were they worn more worthily. 



GRIM, Henry Augustus, M.D., 

Physician, Military Surgeon. 

The Nestor of the medical profession 
in Eastern Pennsylvania is Dr. Henry 
Augustus Grim, now living in retirement 
at Allentown, where for more than half 
a century, he devoted himself to the earn- 
est and enlightened practice of his pro- 
fession. During this long period Dr. 
Grim was closely and prominently identi- 
fied with all the best interests of Allen- 
town, and is now one of her most hon- 
ored citizens. 



Sem Grim, father of Henry August 
Grim, was a native of Lehigh county, the 
immigrant ancestor of this family having 
come to the United States in 1728, set- 
tling in Pennsylvania, where he engaged 
in business and also in agricultural pur- 
suits. Sem Grim married Anna Eva 
Kline, of Lehigh county, and the follow- 
ing children were born to them : Henry 
Augustus, of whom this sketch treats; 
Isabella, married Alfred J. Hermon ; 
Louise ; Catharine, widow of Professor 
Davis Garber; Oscar Samuel. 

Henry Augustus Grim, son of Sem and 
Anna Eva (Kline) Grim, was born June 
27, 1831, in Lehigh county, Pennsylvania, 
and received his preparatory education in 
private schools of his native county, sub- 
sequently entering Gettysburg (Penn- 
sylvania) College. After graduating 
from that institution he matriculated in 
the Medical Department of the Univers- 
ity of Pennsylvania, graduating in 1855, 
with the degree of Doctor of Medicine. 
The same year he began practice in Al- 
lentown, where his knowledge, skill and 
energy soon earned for him merited suc- 
cess and an assured reputation, both with 
his professional associates and with the 
public at large. 

In September, 1862, Dr. Grim enlisted 
in the Union army, serving as assistant 
surgeon with the rank of lieutenant, and 
was afterwards promoted to the rank of 
major. Later he was transferred to the 
Pennsylvania Regiment, with which he 
served until the close of the war. At the 
close of the war he went out with the 
Sixth Union League Regiment (198th 
Pennsylvania Regiment), constituting 
fourteen companies. His period of mili- 
tary service being ended. Dr. Grim re- 
turned to Allentown and resumed the 
practice of his profession, which he con- 
tinued without interruption until 1910, 
when he retired, "full of years and of 
honors," having made for himself an en- 
during place in the respect and affection 



418 




)&ffl^c^i^^i^-^^-^-^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of his fellow citizens. Few men are so 
profoundly honored and deeply loved as 
is the able and devoted physician. 

As a public-spirited citizen Dr. Grim 
has been actively interested in all 
projects for the progress and wel- 
fare of Allentown, serving on the 
board of health and on the school board. 
His influence has always been exerted in 
behalf of those movements calculated to 
further the moral and social interests of 
the community, and he has ever aided, to 
the utmost of his power, all works of 
religion and charity. Dr. Grim belongs 
to the American Academy of Medicine, 
and was formerly a member of the Le- 
high County Medical Society. He was 
for a long period a director in the First 
National Bank of Allentown, and a trus- 
tee of Muhlenberg College. Politically he 
is a Republican. For many years he has 
held the office of deacon in St. John's 
Lutheran Church. 

Dr. Grim married in September, 1885, 
Miria, daughter of Nathan Metzger, a 
well known merchant of Allentown. Mrs. 
Grim died July 13, 1889, leaving no chil- 
dren. Dr. Grim now resides with his 
brother and sister. Alike in peace and 
war Dr. Grim has served well his coun- 
try and the larger cause of humanity, and 
both as patriot and physician has earned 
the gratitude and blessings of his fellow- 
men. 



CHURCH, Samuel Harden, 

Railway Official, Author. 

Pittsburgh, supreme in manufactures, 
is also famous in literature. Her realm 
is that of thought, no less than of action 
— a fact which is most strikingly exem- 
plified in the career of Samuel Harden 
Church, a man who has achieved dis- 
tinction in both fields. Mr. Church is 
assistant secretary of the Pennsylvania 
lines west of Pittsburgh, vice-president 
of the Union Steel Casting Company, 



419 



Secretary of the Carnegie Institute, and 
author of a life of Oliver Cromwell, 
which places him, as an American his- 
torical writer, in the same rank with 
Irving, Prescott and Motley. 

Dr. William Church, great-grandfa- 
ther of Samuel Harden Church, and 
son of Sir William Church, the head 
of the family, was a descendant of Scot- 
tish ancestors who settled in Coleraine, 
Ireland, in the seventeenth century. In 
1798, Dr. Church left the adopted home 
of his forebears by reason of the troubles 
of that period, and came to the United 
States, settling, first, in Lancaster coun- 
ty, Pennsylvania. In 1822 he removed 
to Pittsburgh, where he practiced medi- 
cine during the remainder of his life. 
His descendants have resided for nearly 
a hundred years in the "Iron City." 

Samuel, son of Dr. William Church, 
was born February 5, 1800, and was a 
successful manufacturer, one of the pro- 
prietors of the Kensington Iron Works, 
which now exists under another name. 
He also preached for seventeen years for 
the First Christian Church of Allegheny 
City, accepting no salary for his work, 
and bestowing both the lot and the prin- 
cipal cost of the building upon the con- 
gregation. He married Mary Hannen, 
whose family, of Dutch extraction, had 
been for one hundred years resident in 
Pennsylvania. Mr. Church died Decem- 
ber 7, 1857. He and his wife were the 
parents of twelve children. 

William, son of Samuel and Mary 
(Hannen) Church, was born April 25, 
1826, and was a pioneer farmer in Mis- 
souri, and, later, a man of business in 
Pittsburgh. He married January i, 
1849, Emily, born September 24, 1825, 
daughter of Walter Scott, who was bom 
October 31, 1798, in Moflfat, Dunfries- 
shire, Scotland, and was a remote kins- 
man of "Sir Walter." This Walter 
Scott, after graduating from the Univer- 
sity of Edinburgh, emigrated, in 1819, to 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the United States, settling in Pittsburgh 
in 1826, where, for a time, he was en- 
gaged in teaching, afterwards entering 
the ministry, and becoming eventually 
the chief and eloquent associate of Alex- 
ander Campbell in the organization of 
the Christian (or Disciples) Church. 

William Church and his young wife 
continued to live in Pittsburgh until, im- 
pelled by a desire to establish a home in 
the west, they decided in the summer of 
1857 to take their little family of three 
children to Caldwell county, Missouri, 
three miles from the present town of 
Hamilton, and there to establish a dwell- 
ing place on the unbroken prairie. The 
hardship, suffering and danger involved 
in this daring enterprise can hardly be 
exaggerated. The part of Missouri in 
which they took up their abode was very 
sparsely settled, and every necessity of 
life was in the crudest form. On arriv- 
ing at their new home in the wilderness 
they, with the help of some neighbors, 
built a log cabin from timber hewn on 
the premises — a dwelling which, like all 
others of that region, consisted of but 
one room. There was no money in that 
part of the country, and the few neces- 
saries which could be obtained were pur- 
chased on the basis of exchange for other 
commodities. The prairie home was un- 
protected by fences, and had but a 
meagre outfit of live stock. No food 
could be regularly obtained, with the 
exception of bacon, a few potatoes, and 
cornbread made by grating the corn di- 
rect from the ear. On rare occasions a 
sack of flour and a few luxuries, such as 
tea, coffee and sugar, were brought from 
a town fifty miles distant. Mr. Church 
attempted to improve the quality of their 
civilization by establishing a sawmill on 
Maribone creek, an enterprise which was 
regarded with great favor by the neigh- 
borhood, sawed lumber being at that 
time unknown on the prairie, and no 
house boasting the luxury of a wooden 



floor. After a few weeks' trial, how- 
ever, the engine broke down, and there 
was no skilled labor available to keep it 
going. Finally, the spring rains over- 
whelmed the little lumber mill, which, 
together with the engine, was swept 
away in the rushing waters. 

In this humble home, and amidst these 
primitive surroundings, Samuel Harden 
Church was born, January 24, 1858. 

The slavery controversy had at this 
time assumed in Missouri a condition of 
great bitterness, and bushwackers took 
advantage of the state of affairs to com- 
mit robbery and murder, carrying their 
hatred of the anti-slavery principles 
which were held by northern people like 
the Church family to such an extreme 
that persons were sometimes hanged for 
their opinions at their own roadsides. 
This violence, which was a harbinger of 
the Civil War, when taken with all the 
other hardships of the situation, discour- 
aged many families, formerly accus- 
tomed to the comforts and refinements 
of a better life, from enduring any longer 
the miseries of the wilderness. Accord- 
ingly, in the spring of 1859, ^^- ^"^ 
Mrs. Church, with their family, now four 
children, entered their wagon, and as 
there was no possibility of selling their 
effects, they abandoned everything, in- 
cluding house, furniture, live stock and 
land, and set out across the country for 
Lexington, Missouri, completing their 
journey by boat, down the Missouri 
river to St. Louis, and up the Ohio to 
Pittsburgh, profoundly thankful to ar- 
rive an unbroken family at their old 
home. Mr. Church became associated 
with the Pittsburgh and Oakland Street 
Railway Company, serving as its secretary 
and treasurer throughout the brief re- 
mainder of his short life. He died 
March 11, 1863, having not yet com- 
pleted his thirty-seventh year, and leav- 
ing the following children: Walter; Em- 



420 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ily; Mary; Samuel Harden, mentioned 
below; and Sarah. 

Samuel Harden, son of William and 
Emily (Scott) Church, was born Janu- 
ary 24, 1858, at Hamilton, Caldwell 
county, Missouri, in the one-room log 
cabin which was then the abode of the 
family. The death of his father left the 
mother and children in straitened cir- 
cumstances, and Samuel Harden Church 
was obliged, when he was but eleven 
years old, to leave school, in order that 
his earnings might add to the scanty in- 
come. Accordingly, in 1869, he became 
a messenger boy for the Western Union 
Telegraph Company, and after that a 
cash boy in the store of Joseph Home 
Company. After a year at work he was 
able to resume his studies, until his four- 
teenth year, at the preparatory school of 
Bethany, West Virginia, and there for 
two years profited by the companionship 
of President Pendleton, of Bethany Col- 
lege, in whose home he was a visitor, 
and to whom he owes much for encour- 
aging the passion for study which he 
there developed. After leaving Bethany 
he continued to be an ardent student of 
history and literature, and in time began 
to write for publication. While at Beth- 
any he read with hearty appreciation the 
novels of Scott, Thackeray and Dickens, 
besides many general masterpieces, and 
soon after returning to Pittsburgh be- 
gan a regular course of night study, 
which lasted through several years, and, 
besides the elementary branches, in- 
cluded Latin and the reading of all the 
works of Shakespeare. At fifteen, after 
a few weeks in the telegraph service, his 
uncle, John P. Scott, of the firm of 
James B. Lyon & Company, manufac- 
turers of glassware, took him into their 
office as clerk, a position which he held 
for about three years. It was before the 
invention of the telephone, and young 
Church was given charge of the Morse 
telegraph instrument connecting the 



store with the factory, becoming a skill- 
ful operator. His summer vacation in 
1874 was spent on the farm of an uncle, 
Samuel Scott, in Missouri, a man from 
whom the youth received further stimulus 
in his passion for literature, his reading 
at that time comprising Addison, Samuel 
Johnson and Macaulay, and a large por- 
tion of the ancient classics. During the 
next few years his love for the theatre 
prompted him to continue his study of 
Shakespeare, and he memorized com- 
pletely the following plays : "Othello," 
"Hamlet," "Macbeth," "Romeo and 
Juliet," "Richard III," "As You Like It," 
and "Julius Caesar." The Rev. Dr. Ben- 
jamin Tyler, of New York, in speaking 
of his studies in another field, said: "I 
have never met a man, in or out of the 
pulpit, who knows the Bible so intimately 
in all its parts." 

But the time had come for him to en- 
ter upon the wider field of activity in 
which he was destined to gain distinc- 
tion. On August I, 1875, he first asso- 
ciated himself with the Pennsylvania 
Company as clerk in the Law Depart- 
ment of the Pennsylvania Lines West of 
Pittsburgh, a position which he retained 
for four years. During this time he mas- 
tered the art of shorthand, and pursued a 
general course of reading in the stand- 
ard works of the law, including Black- 
stone's Commentaries, Greenleaf on Evi- 
dence, and Saint Germain's "Doctor and 
Student." While this experience greatly 
attracted him to the law as a profession, 
he allowed himself to be promoted at a 
higher salary to the position of stenog- 
rapher in the office of the general super- 
intendent, and soon after was made chief 
clerk to the general manager. He re- 
mained in the service of the railroad 
company, residing alternately in Pitts- 
burgh and Columbus, until, in 1884, he 
became Superintendent of Transporta- 
tion, in Columbus, and later, Assistant 
Secretary, in Pittsburgh, where he has 



421 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



since resided, a most valued and re- 
spected citizen. Each succeeding year 
has made more evident his remarkable 
business talents and untiring energy. 
Gentle and courteous, yet firm, courage- 
ous and honest, he is particularly fitted 
for the conduct of affairs requiring 
executive and administrative ability. As 
a part of his official task in the railroad 
office, he has compiled a documentary 
history of the Pennsylvania Lines, 
which the railroad company published in 
fifteen volumes, at a cost of thirty thou- 
sand dollars, and which is regarded as 
an invaluable work of reference by the 
officials, for whose confidential use it 
was prepared. After exhaustive study of 
the various police systems of the world, 
he also devised the organization and 
rules of the police department as it exists 
on the Pennsylvania Lines to-day, his 
fundamental theory being, that a police 
system is intended to prevent crime 
rather than to punish it. He is also 
Vice-President of the Union Steel Cast- 
ing Company, of Pittsburgh, and has for 
years been one of the chief guiding forces 
of that very successful corporation. 

During the period of his residence in 
Columbus, events occurred which showed 
him to be possessed of the qualities 
which insure distinction in military serv- 
ice no less than of those which go to the 
making of a successful civilian. He was 
appointed aide-de-camp on the military 
staff of Governor Hoadly, with the rank 
of colonel — a purely personal distinction, 
inasmuch as the Governor was a Demo- 
crat and Mr. Church a Republican. Dur- 
ing one eventful night of 1884, Colonel 
Church displayed great skill and bravery 
in handling some three thousand troops 
sent to Cincinnati for the suppression of 
the riots then occurring in that city. 
When he reached the scene of the dis- 
order the rioters were in possession of 
the courthouse and had set it on fire, and 
they directed a furious discharge from 



pistols and guns on the advancing sol- 
diers. When one of Colonel Church's 
men had been killed and five wounded, 
the troops fired, with fatal effect, and re- 
captured the burning courthouse, which 
was, however, totally destroyed, together 
with all the priceless records it con- 
tained. Then, leading two companies in 
a bayonet charge. Colonel Church recov- 
ered a cannon and some ammunition 
which had been stolen from the local ar- 
mory. With the troops at his command, 
he soon stopped the aggressions of the 
mob, and on his return home was pre- 
sented by the governor and the other 
members of the staff with a sword of 
honor, in recognition of the courage and 
wisdom which he had displayed in a sit- 
uation calculated to test to the utmost 
his possession of both these qualities. 

Mr. Church's name has frequently been 
proposed for political honors, and ap- 
pointments to distinguished positions 
have been urged upon him, but he has 
steadfastly declined to accept office. In 
1899 tlis "Philadelphia Press" proposed 
his name for United States Senator from 
Pennsylvania. The suggestion was in- 
stantly taken up with great favor both 
in and out of the State. The editor of 
"Harper's Weekly" telegraphed to him : 
"I hope you will win the Senatorship. 
Men like you are needed there." Cush- 
man K. Davis, the brilliant and able 
Senator from Minnesota, who was one of 
Mr. Church's most intimate friends, sent 
him this significant message, which was 
afterwards published in the "Century 
Magazine" : "Nothing could give me 
greater pleasure than to welcome you 
here as one of the patres conscripti. They 
say that one of the latest accessions is 
worth seventy-five millions. We need 
to offset him a man who is worth more 
than that in a better currency. What 
times you and I would have!" Many 
newspapers endorsed the proposal, but 
against the well-organized candidacy of 



422 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Mr. Quay, the suggestion of any other 
name was hopeless, and Mr. Quay was 
elected. 

Sagacious business man though he is, 
his ruling passion has ever been for lit- 
erature, and he has deeply explored the 
whole field of English letters. He early 
entered upon a career of author- 
ship, writing a few short stories and 
dramatic sketches, which appeared in 
the newspapers and magazines, and 
contributed a sketch of his grandfather 
Walter Scott, to Appleton's Cyclopaedia 
of American Biography. In a season of 
industrial strikes he published in the 
"Century Magazine" for October, 1886, 
"A Plan for Harmony," containing a 
practical suggestion for responsible con- 
tracts between employers and employees. 
In his lecture entitled, "Early English 
Books and Heroes," he has given an elo- 
quent and powerful analysis of the mind 
of the Dark Ages. It was after writing 
his "Century" article that he dropped 
all other literary work and began to 
study the life and character of the fa- 
mous Englishman with whose name his 
own was destined to be inseparably 
linked. Before undertaking this task he 
gathered a library which is almost, if 
not quite, complete in its collection of 
books relating to the Cromwell epoch — a 
collection which cannot be duplicated in 
the United States, and which Edward 
Everett Hale said would always be the 
envy of scholars. 

In June, 1894, after six years of in- 
tense application, Mr. Church established 
his reputation as one of the first of Amer- 
ican historians by publishing his noted 
work, "Oliver Cromwell: A History," 
which was at once recognized as an au- 
thoritative and final biography, and a no- 
ble and enduring contribution to English 
literature. The "Spectator," reviewing 
it, said : "It is one of the safest and one 
of the most reasonable views of the great 
protector ever put forward, and we know 



of no study of Cromwell's work and per- 
sonality which we can more heartily rec- 
ommend to those who want to see 
Cromwell as he really was." The 
"Spectator" further said : "It is not dis- 
paraging any other fame to say that 
Church's 'Life of Cromwell' is the great- 
est book ever written by an American 
author." The "Horse Guards Gazette" 
said : "He has neglected no means by 
which to arrive at the most complete and 
accurate account of the various conflicts 
of the prolonged parliamentary war. 
This work gives the best description of 
the leading battles of the civil war 
that has ever been furnished. We pre- 
dict that it will hold the field as the best 
complete life of the great Protector ever 
published." The work was also re- 
viewed with critical appreciation by the 
"Pall Mall Gazette," and the "London 
Sun," the full-page article in the latter 
paper being written by T. P. O'Connor, 
the Irish member of Parliament. Ap- 
preciations of the book were written by 
Lord Wolseley, Conan Doyle, Lord Sal- 
isbury, Lord Rosebery, Lord Kitchener, 
James Bryce, Sir William Vernon Har- 
court, Joseph Chamberlain, Stanley Wey- 
man, and many other distinguished Eng- 
lishmen. 

In 1895 Mr. Church visited England 
and was received as an honored guest. 
Immediately prior to his arrival the crit- 
ics had quoted the following paragraph 
from his last chapter: "He (Cromwell) 
has no monument in England ; and he 
can have none with the sanction of the 
government, because a monument to 
Cromwell would be an acknowledgment 
of successful rebellion." Mr. Herbert 
Gladstone, then a member of the Eng- 
lish Cabinet, wrote to him, informing 
him that there was a very fine monu- 
ment to Cromwell in Manchester. The 
author replied that he was familiar with 
that work, but reminded Mr. Gladstone 
that it had been erected by one woman 



423 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



as an expression of individual admira- 
tion of the great Protector, and did not 
therefore come within the scope of his 
animadversion. Sir William Vernon 
Harcourt, Chancellor of the Exchequer, 
then wrote an appreciative letter to him, 
advising him that Mr. Herbert Glad- 
stone, by his wish and at his request, had 
introduced a bill in Parliament to place 
a statue of Cromwell among those of 
England's monarchs in Westminster 
Hall. The book appeared on June i, 
1894, and the bill for the statue was in- 
troduced on August 7 of the same year. 
Mr. Church replied to Sir William that, 
immediately on the erection of the 
statue, he would gladly omit the passage 
in question from a later edition of his 
book. The bill passed the first reading 
by a narrow majority, but on the second 
reading the Parnell wing of the Irish 
representation refused to vote for a statue 
to the man who had authorized the ex- 
treme measures which had been taken 
with the Irish at Drogheda and Wexford. 
Mr. John Morley, the Secretary for Ire- 
land, withdrew the bill, declaring Crom- 
well's campaign in Ireland "a blunder 
and a crime." The Liberal party ap- 
pealed to the country and in the ensuing 
election was defeated. The whole epi- 
sode displayed in a striking manner the 
concurrence of a large section of the 
English people, especially those of non- 
conformist S3'mpathies, in the views and 
sentiments expressed in Mr. Church's 
epoch-making book. 

But the end was not yet. In 1899, on 
the three hundredth anniversary of the 
Protector's birth, the discussion started 
by Mr. Church's book culminated in the 
erection of a statue of Cromwell in the 
Parliament building. Before the year 
was over a second statue of the great 
Protector was erected in the palace yard 
at Westminster, and popular celebrations 
were held throughout England. Largely 
through the zeal of his American biog- 



rapher, the Protector had at last obtained 
from the English nation that homage 
which, as one of her greatest sovereigns, 
he so richly deserved. 

During his stay in England Mr. 
Church visited Cromwell's birthplace at 
Huntingdon, and followed him in the 
course of his battles, not only in Eng- 
land, but also in Scotland and Ireland. 
In Scotland, while the guest of Mr. An- 
drew Carnegie at Cluny Castle (the Car- 
negie residence before Skibo was built) 
he spent a week in the company of Mr. 
John Morley, with whom he had many 
conversations on Cromwell, especially in 
regard to "the blunder and the crime." 
In one of these controversies the Ameri- 
can author asserted that Cromwell had 
acted at Drogheda and Wexford strictly 
in accordance with the laws of war as 
they stood up to the time of Wellington. 
On Mr. Morley's challenging him to 
prove it, Mr. Church took down Gar- 
diner's third volume of the Civil Wars, 
and turned to a footnote concerning 
Wellington's campaigns in Spain, in 
which the evidence was complete. Mr. 
Morley admitted that the point was 
strong enough to reverse the popular 
prejudice against Cromwell. 

While in England he was entertained 
with distinguished favor by the leaders 
of political, literary and social circles of 
the United Kingdom, and was elected to 
honorary membership in the National 
Liberal Club. He was also the guest of 
his friend, Henry Phipps, at Knebworth 
House, and of Thomas F. Bayard, the 
American Ambassador. The "London 
Chronicle," which, upon the defeat of the 
statue bill, had urged the nation to build 
a Cromwell monument, interviewed him 
at length, and other papers spoke of his 
visit with much interest. In his own 
country appreciation of his literary 
achievement was shown by the honorary 
degrees given to him by several colleges, 
including Master of Arts, by Yale; Doc- 



424 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tor of Letters, by Western Pennsylvania ; 
and Doctor of Laws, by the University 
of Pittsburgh. He was also elected to 
membership in the Authors' Club, of 
New York. He has made other frequent 
trips abroad. 

Mr. Church published in 1897 "John 
Marmaduke: A Romance of the English 
Invasion of Ireland in 1649." The first 
edition was sold before publication, and 
in the two years following its appearance 
the work ran through nine editions, and 
has been most favorably reviewed. His 
next important work was "Beowulf," an 
epic poem in heroic style, published in 
1901. In 1903 his second important 
novel, "Penruddock of the White 
Lambs," appeared, and in 1908 he pub- 
lished "A Short History of Pittsburgh." 
Always a lover of the theatre, he wrote 
"The Brayton Episode," a play which 
was produced in New York and Pitts- 
burgh in 1903, and has recently com- 
pleted a much more important drama 
entitled "The Two Mrs. Lorings." Val- 
uable articles from his pen have ap- 
peared from time to time in the leading 
magazines, notably in the "Century" and 
"Atlantic Monthly." 

On very many occasions he has been 
called to address audiences, and has 
chosen for his themes Washington, Lin- 
coln, Franklin, Cromwell, and similar 
great leaders of the world's cause. He 
has long pleaded for social justice for the 
Jews, urging their admission into select 
schools and clubs on the basis of char- 
acter rather than religion ; and one of his 
most popular addresses dealt with the 
crucifixion of Jesus, in which he boldly 
advanced the argument that the Jews, as 
a nation, were in no way responsible for 
that supreme tragedy. His most noted 
speech was delivered in Carnegie Music 
Hall before the convention of his own 
church people, at the one hundredth an- 
niversary of the organization of the 
Christian Church, held at Pittsburgh in 



October, 1909, when he pleaded with his 
fellow members of the church through- 
out the world to cease to require immer- 
sion as a basis of union with other Chris- 
tians. This speech created great excite- 
ment in the audience, and was both ap- 
plauded and hissed, according to the 
varying opinions of those who heard it, 
the tumult increasing at times until the 
chairman was obliged to urge upon the 
audience the necessity of a fair hearing. 
While his proposal in this speech was at 
first but little tolerated, appreciation of 
his plea has grown until it is said that 
many thousands of the members of the 
church throughout the country have be- 
gun to advocate its adoption. 

As a political leader, he has a brilliant 
record. He is identified with the Re- 
publican party, and has spoken at the re- 
quest of the Republican National Com- 
mittee in all the great campaigns of the 
past twelve years. During the presiden- 
tial campaign of 1896, when the sound 
money issue was paramount, he tem- 
porarily laid aside the literary labors so 
congenial to him in order that he might 
become one of the speakers of the Re- 
publican party. His addresses were re- 
garded as complete expositions of the 
questions then before the nation for de- 
cision. When a great body of railroad 
employes visited Mr. (afterward Presi- 
dent) McKinley, at Canton, Mr. Church 
made the speech, which Mr. McKinley 
gave to the press for publication, and to 
which, in his reply, he paid this tribute: 
"Your spokesman, Colonel Church, has 
made an excellent and able argument 
against the free coinage of silver as it 
aflfects your business ; and I need not at- 
tempt to enlarge upon it. Free silver 
would prove equally, aye, probably more 
disastrous, than free trade has proven to 
the people of the United States." ]Mr. 
Church also took an active part in the 
campaigns of 1900 and 1904, and in the 
latter year served as a delegate to the 



425 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Republican National Convention, casting 
his vote for the nomination of Theodore 
Roosevelt. As a Republican, he has an- 
nounced very bold views in favor of tar- 
iff reduction, and was thanked by Presi- 
dent Taft for his declarations in favor of 
Reciprocity with Canada. As a lecturer, 
a political orator, or an after-dinner 
speaker, he is alike admirable, the charm 
of his skilled oratory and elegant diction 
being sustained throughout by a brilliant ^n^e, he combines the alert, 

bearing of the man of affairs with the 



finger ends. But beyond these things I find two 
dominant qualities that give him an overpowering 
personality — his courage and his tenderness. That 
may be an odd combination in a strong man, but 
those traits united to great talents have made 
Colonel Church one of the master spirits of his 
time. 

The personal qualities of Mr. Church 
are such as win and hold friends. Ever 
genial and courteous, he is a most de- 
lightful conversationalist. In appear- 
the alert, resolute 



and versatile fancy, great powers of wit, 
irony and sarcasm, and all the resources 
of a carefully cultivated mind brought 
into service by a wonderful memory. 

Soon after his return from England 
Mr. Andrew Carnegie dedicated the great 
institution at Pittsburgh, comprising at 
that time a library, art gallery, museum 
and music hall, and later the technical 
schools; and selected Mr. Church as one 
of the trustees for life — an unsurpassable 
tribute to the latter's rare administrative 
ability and unquestioned integrity. On 
the organization of the board Mr. 
Church was elected secretary, and has 
since taken a prominent and most useful 
part in the administration of the great 
fund, which now exceeds twenty-five mil- 
lion dollars. Such has been his enthu- 
siastic activity in developing the work of 
the Institute and in interpreting its pur- 
pose to the cominunity, that he has been 
affectionately dubbed by Mr. Carnegie 
"the all-pervading secretary." When 
the trustees voted him a salary he de- 
clined to accept it, and Mr. Carnegie pub- 
licly thanked him for "contributing in- 
valuable service, without money and 
without reward, animated solely by the 
patriotic desire to labor for the good of 
the city of his home." The "World's 
Work," in a character-portrait, said of 
him : 

He is a very practical man in the large affairs 
of business, familiar with the art ideals of the 
world, firmly placed in the very front rank of 
living authors, a wise counsellor in the field of 
higher politics, and eloquent of speech to his 



keen, incisive, yet meditative face of the 
scholar and thinker, while his deep-set 
blue eyes indicate the poetic tempera- 
ment. He is a member of the Duquesne, 
Allegheny Country, Pittsburgh Country, 
Pittsburgh Golf, University, Athletic, 
Junta, and Americus Republican clubs, 
of Pittsburgh, and the Authors' Club, of 
New York, and an honorary member of 
the National Liberal Club, of London. 

Mr. Church married (first) November 
24, 1884, Margaret Joyce, of Columbus, 
Ohio, and three children were born of 
this union: Mrs. Ruth (Church) Shel- 
don, of Columbus, Ohio; Mrs. Elizabeth 
(Church) Merrill; and Samuel Harden 
Church Jr., residing in New York City. 
He married (second) March 15, 1898, 
Bertha Jean, daughter of James Mc- 
Henry Reinhart, of Pittsburgh, and they 
are the parents of two children : Regin- 
ald Reinhart Church and Katharine 
Church. By this marriage the author 
gained the life companionship of a 
charming and congenial woman, thor- 
oughly domestic and home-loving and 
withal a most gracious and popular host- 
ess. A thoughtful, clever woman of cul- 
ture and character, Mrs. Church takes 
life with a gentle seriousness that en- 
dears her to those about her. 

The ancestors of Colonel Church came 
of the race which produced Wallace and 
Bruce, and possessing, as their records 
show, the salient characteristics of that 
dominant and valiant people, they trans- 



426 








CXi^^^'^^^^^C.^^^t^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



mitted to him a rare heritage of vigor daughter of an English merchant there. 



and ability. His work, in all its wonder- 
ful complexity, is evidence of this. As 
citizen, railway official and man of let- 
ters, he has accomplished much. He has 
greatly increased the prosperity, the 
power, and the prestige — political, finan- 
cial and literary — of his city and his 
State ; and his reputation as a representa- 
tive American and a man of letters ex- 
tends far beyond the confines of the Eng- 
lish-speaking world. 



ALLEN, Perry S., 

Clergyman, Hamanltarian. 

Perry S. Allen was born in Western 
Pennsylvania, near Pittsburgh, July 4, 
1854. His father was Richard Boyd Al- 
len, born October 22, 1801, died January 
13, 1874. His mother was Mary Van 
Derlund Stoops, born December 14, 1812, 
died September 2, 1877 His grand- 
father was John Allen, born January 23, 
1757, died March 25, 1845. His grand- 
mother was Martha Van Dyke, wife of 
John Allen, born July 7, 1773, died Sep- 
tember 23, 1839. His great-grandfather 
was Samuel Allen, born March 7, 1700, 
died May 20, 1779. His great-grand- 
mother was Agnes Boyd, wife of Samuel 
Allen, and daughter of an English clergy- 
man, born May 21, 1720, died November 
6, 1799. 

Allen is an ancient Briton name, and, 
so far as known, the ancestors of the 
subject of this sketch were English, 
among whom were many prominent men 
distinguished in the learned professions 
and in business, and one of whom, Wil- 
liam Allen, was Lord Mayor of London 
in the sixteenth century. 

The first of his family to immigrate to 
this country was Samuel Allen, born and 
reared in London, although he came di- 
rectly to this country from Newry, Ire- 
land. This was because his father, John 
Allen, had married his wife in Newry, the 



who bought goods of him in London, and 
Samuel on a visit to his mother's father 
in Newry entered into business with him 
and continued until he came to America. 
He first came to the store of his uncle, 
William Allen, in Philadelphia, but soon 
went up the State on the Lehigh and 
Susquehanna rivers to take charge of 
large interests for his uncle, consisting of 
lands, coal, iron, etc. William Allen was 
a man of large wealth, reputed the rich- 
est man in Pennsylvania at his death. 
His summer home was on the Lehigh 
river, at Allentown, named for him He 
was the father of William Allen, who was 
prominent in the colonial period of Penn- 
sylvania, serving as recorder of Philadel- 
phia, associated with Benjamin Franklin 
in founding the University of Pennsyl- 
vania, one of the founders and first gov- 
ernors of the Philadelphia Assembly, also 
one of the charter members of the Pres- 
byterian Ministers' Fund, who also 
served as Justice of the Supreme Court 
of Pennsylvania from 1750 to 1774, when 
he resigned on account of his sympathies 
with the Mother Country and returned 
to England, where he died. 

Samuel Allen, his great-grandfather, 
and cousin of Justice William Allen, was 
a commissioned officer in the Colonial 
Wars, serving as lieutenant in charge of 
Fort Augusta in the years 1756, 1757, 
1758. A deed dated November 26, 1774, 
from "Ruth McCroskey to Samuel Allen, 
Gent., of Northumberland County," at 
the time when William Allen resigned 
from the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania 
and returned to England, not only marks 
the date of the separation of Samuel 
Allen from his uncle's and cousins' busi- 
ness interests, but is also the first record 
in the establishment by this and addi- 
tional purchases, of large landed interests 
which he developed as a country place in 
Northumberland county, and which he 
named "Newry," after the town in Ire- 



427 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



land from which he came directly to Allen, deceased ; Agnes Oliver Allen, and 



America. To quote from family records, 
"Samuel Allen was a prosperous man, 
and died possessed of much land." This 
estate was left to Agnes Boyd Allen, his 
widow, during her lifetime, to be divided, 
with other interests, equally at her death 
among his three sons, Joseph, John and 
Robert. 

John Allen, son of Samuel, and grand- 
father of Perry S. Allen, was a soldier in 
the Revolutionary War and a commis- 
sioned officer in same, who removed to 
Western Pennsylvania near Pittsburgh 
in the early part of the year 1800, where 
he lived until his death. 

Richard Boyd Allen, John Allen and 
Samuel Allen were all elders in the Pres- 
byterian church, as were Justice William 
Allen and his father. They were also in- 
terested in matters of education and were 
themselves educated men, Samuel Allen 
having organized a school of higher edu- 
cation in Central Pennsylvania, and John 
Allen and Richard Boyd Allen having 
contributed liberal support to the schools 
of higher education in Western Pennsyl- 
vania, particularly the Witherspoon In- 
stitute and West Sunbury Academy. So 
far as known, the members of this family 
have been noted for their integrity of 
character, their devotion to the principles 
of good government and to the institu- 
tions of the church. 

Perry S. Allen has been twice married; 
first, on November 8, 1877, to Mary Kin- 
ter, of Indiana, Pennsylvania, daughter of 
Senator F. M. Kinter and Martha 
Thompson, and grand-daughter of Hon. 
Joseph Thompson and Mary Morehead. 
Also, on June 2, 1894, to Virginia Ger- 
trude Oliver, of Rochester, New York, 
daughter of Myron M. Oliver and Agnes 
Beattie and grand-daughter of Robert 
Oliver and Isabelle Oliver and of David 
Beattie and Anne Forman. He has had 
four children : Harry Foster Allen, in 
business in New York ; Katherine Oliver 



Mary Virginia Allen. 

Perry S. Allen was educated in the 
West Sunbury and Glade Run academies, 
the University of Wooster, class 1874, 
and the Western Theological Seminary, 
Pittsburgh, class of 1877. He received 
the degree of Doctor of Divinity from the 
University of Omaha (Bellevue College) 
in 1901. He began the active work of his 
life as a clergyman, and to this holy call- 
ing he was set apart by his parents be- 
fore he was born. It was also his own 
personal preference and from his earliest 
recollection he had no other conception 
of life than that of the ministry. 

In his active ministry he was pastor of 
the following churches : First Presbyter- 
ian Church, Sharon, Pennsylvania, from 
1877 to 1882; First Presbyterian Church, 
Warren, Pennsylvania, 1882 to 1887; 
First Presbyterian Church, Saratoga 
Springs, New York, 1887 to 1892 

In Warren he organized the Young 
Men's Christian Association, and started 
a fund for its building and other pur- 
poses. In Saratoga Springs he organized 
a fund for a hospital, which has con- 
tinued to grow in usefulness and has been 
of incalculable benefit to that community. 
While in Saratoga, and on his invitation, 
the General Assembly of the Presbyter- 
ian Church, U. S. A., held its 103d annual 
Session in his church. The churches 
above named, during his pastorates, more 
than doubled their membership, and their 
contributions to benevolent and other 
causes, thus ranking them among the 
largest and most important in the denom- 
ination. In each case his resignation as 
pastor was unanimously opposed and 
only reluctantly acquiesced in by his 
urgent request. During his active minis- 
try in the foregoing churches he was 
called to a number of other churches — in 
Boston, Yonkers, Altoona, Pittsburgh, 
New York, and elsewhere, among which 



428 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



were some of the largest and most in- 
fluential in the country. 

In 1894 he was called out of the ac- 
tive ministry into the management of 
the "Presbyterian Ministers' Fund for 
Life Insurance" of Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania, the first life insurance com- 
pany in America and the oldest in the 
world, which was organized in the old 
Presbytery of Philadelphia in the year 
1717, and incorporated as a life insurance 
company in the year 1759. It first in- 
sured only Presbyterian clergymen. In 
1852 it enlarged its field of operation to 
include the clergy of all churches Pres- 
byterially governed. Since 1908 it has 
been insuring the clergymen of all the 
Protestant churches. He was unani- 
mously elected three times before he con- 
sented to give up the work of the min- 
istry to which his father and mother had 
dedicated him and to which he believed 
God had called him, and it was not until 
the directors of the corporation asked him 
to allow them to interpret the providence 
of God for him, that he yielded to their 
request. As the charter of the corpora- 
tion is an old English charter, it was 
managed under same without a presi- 
dent ; and at first he was its secretary, 
actuary and executive manager, perform- 
ing all the functions of the chief execu- 
tive without its name. But in 1908 the 
constitution was changed and he was 
elected actuary and the first president of 
the corporation, in which capacity he has 
been serving since. At the time of his 
first election into the management of this 
company, it vvas thought by many that 
the selection of a clergyman for such 
management was a grave mistake; the 
results, however, have proven otherwise, 
demonstrating that the quality of success 
is fundamentally in the man, and that a 
successful clergyman may become a suc- 
cessful business man. In his administra- 
tion of this important and sacred trust, 
its greatest success has been realized. Its 



insurance in force has increased over 
600%, its income over 1000%, its assets 
over 1200%, its surplus over 1800%. 
During his business career he has had 
opportunities of becoming identified with 
some of the largest insurance companies, 
on most flattering terms, all of which he 
has declined because of his love of the 
ministry and his devotion to their inter- 
est and welfare, which he can best serve 
as president of the Ministers' Fund. 

During his public life in the ministry, 
and since becoming the executive man- 
ager of the Presbyterian Ministers' Fund, 
he has written and published many ar- 
ticles on religious and other themes of 
general interest, many of which have been 
reprinted and circulated extensively. 

He is a Presbyterian, and a Republi- 
can, a member of the Pennsylvania His- 
torical Society, the Society of Political 
and Social Science, National Geographi- 
cal Society, Transatlantic Society, Pres- 
bytery of Philadelphia, etc. He has 
served as trustee and treasurer of several 
educational and charitable organizations. 
He has been invited to serve as director 
of trust companies and other financial in- 
stitutions, which invitations were de- 
clined because he believed that to be 
connected with such institutions might 
involve him, as president of the Minis- 
ters' Fund, in adverse criticism, and 
might possibly be adverse to the best fi- 
nancial interest of the one corporation to 
which he is giving his life. He has 
never belonged to a club, for the reason 
that he has believed such organizations 
adverse to the happiness of home and to 
the best development of family life and 
character. 

His father, Richard Boyd Allen, al- 
though a man of affairs, with important 
and varied interests requiring attentive 
oversight and careful judgment, was, 
nevertheless, a man of extensive reading 
and information, who accumulated a 
large library and was familiar with its 



429 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



contents. It consisted of books of his- 
tory, philosophy, science, literature and 
religion. He had a large number of the 
old Puritan writers represented in his 
library, such as Owen, Bates, Baxter, 
Doddridge, Edwards, and many others, 
and the subject of the present sketch be- 
lieves that the reading of this kind of lit- 
erature did much for him in preparing 
him for the ministry and in making its 
work a pleasure to him. However, the 
two books that contributed most to his 
education and to the development of his 
standards of life and of literature, as he 
believes, were the Bible and the diction- 
ary. The study and mastery of the mor- 
al principles of the Bible, and of the 
words found in the dictionary, had an ef- 
fect on his life of incomparable and last- 
ing benefit. Another influence in his 
early life of good and permanent effect 
was found in the atmosphere of a beauti- 
ful, refined, sweet Christian home, where 
morning and evening worship was never 
forgotten or omitted, where grace was al- 
ways said at the table, and thanks re- 
turned at the close of the meal. In his 
judgment, nothing can take the place of 
such a home life in keeping the memory 
of our sainted dead precious to us and of 
building into character that which will 
remain a fixed and permanent asset of 
the life that now is and of that which 
is to come. 



McCARGO, David, 

Telegrapli and Ralliray Official. 

From the dawn of history the Scotch- 
man has been a power. He has founded 
and overthrown churches and dynasties, 
contended for political and religious free- 
dom, and has laid down his life for his 
country and his convictions. He has im- 
pressed on the New World as on the 
Old the stamp of his strong individuality, 
and on no State of the Union has it been 
more indelibly engraved than on Penn- 



sylvania. To her citizens of Scottish 
birth and ancestry Pittsburgh owes an 
incalculable debt, and many members of 
the hardy and valiant Caledonian race 
have greatly increased the prosperity and 
prestige of the "Iron City." Among 
these famous business men whose com- 
manding forms loom large through the 
mists of years, none stood higher, or 
played a more conspicuous part, than did 
the late David McCargo, for many years 
prominently identified with the develop- 
ment of the leading interests of Pitts- 
burgh. 

David McCargo was born in the city of 
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, June 6, 1835. 
He was of Scotch ancestry on the patern- 
al side, his father, Nathaniel McCargo, 
having been born and bred in Wigton- 
shire, Scotland, in the village of Kirk- 
maiden. Nathaniel left his native land 
in 1819 and came to Pittsburgh, where, 
chiefly engaged in farming, he remained 
until his death, at a ripe old age, in 
1881. He was well known to the old- 
time residents of the city as toll-keeper 
of the Greensburg pike, in which capacity 
he acted for many years. He married 
Miss Isabella A. Sayle, who was born in 
the town of Ramsey, Isle of Man. She 
died in 1841, leaving six children: John, 
who was for some years city comptroller 
of Pittsburgh, deceased ; Robert, de- 
ceased ; Charles, deceased ; Frank, de- 
ceased ; David, see forward ; Isabella, 
deceased. 

David McCargo obtained his education 
in the public schools of Pittsburgh and 
in the University of Western Pennsyl- 
vania (now Pittsburgh University). At 
the age of fourteen years he entered the 
service of the Atlantic & Ohio Telegraph 
Company, and three years later became 
an operator. In 1852 he accepted the 
position of assistant operator with the 
Pittsburgh, Cincinnati & Louisville Tele- 
graph Company, which had lines running 
to those cities. In 1858 he was appointed 



430 




Sy &^S ^ *C*S»-ra- ^Srj MJT 



6LKji'^^L^\^tl^f^^'d 




£f^ j^*r»»M/v*v.i 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



superintendent of telegraph for the 
Pennsylvania Railway Company by the 
late Colonel Thomas A. Scott, then gen- 
eral superintendent of the road, and had 
his office at Altoona. Soon after the 
breaking out of the war, while occupying 
that position, Mr. McCargo, at the re- 
quest of Colonel Scott, organized the first 
corps of military telegraphers, taking 
them from operators on the line of the 
Pennsylvania railroad, and sent them to 
Washington. He continued in Altoona 
until 1864, when he was made assistant 
superintendent of the Pittsburgh division 
of that road, Andrew Carnegie being at 
that time the superintendent. A short 
time afterward he was chosen superin- 
tendent of the Oil Creek and Allegheny 
River railway; and in 1866 he became di- 
vision superintendent of the Northern & 
Horicon division of the Chicago, Mil- 
waukee & St. Paul railroad, of which he 
had charge for two years. In 1868 he ac- 
cepted the superintendency of the Pacific 
& Atlantic Telegraph Company, which he 
managed until 1874. Then he resigned to 
become vice-president of the Oil Creek & 
Allegheny River railroad. In the follow- 
ing year he was appointed receiver of the 
Oil Creek & Allegheny River railroad, 
and in the same year he accepted the po- 
sition as general superintendent of the 
Allegheny Valley railway, which he held 
till his death. 

A man of action rather than words, Mr. 
McCargo demonstrated his public spirit 
by actual achievements, which advanced 
the prosperity and wealth of the com- 
munity. He was noted for his clarity of 
thought, great resourcefulness, large 
knowledge of men, quickness of percep- 
tion and accuracy of judgment, and was 
often consulted in regard to public meas- 
ures and improvements. No plan for the 
betterment of Pittsburgh lacked his 
hearty cooperation and no good work 
done in the name of charity or religion 
appealed to him in vain. A man of high 



moral purpose and strongly marked so- 
cial nature, he won friends easily and 
held them long. He was a member and 
trustee of Christ Methodist Episcopal 
Church. 

Mr. McCargo married, December 12, 
i860, Ellen Simpson, daughter of Samuel 
and Elizabeth (Verner) Morrison, of 
Pittsburgh, and two children are living: 
Elizabeth and Grant. The latter is a 
prominent business man of Pittsburgh. 
Mrs. McCargo is one of those rare wom- 
en who combine with perfect womanli- 
ness and domesticity an unerring judg- 
ment, a union of qualities which were 
of great value to her husband, to whom 
she was not alone a charming companion 
but also a confidant and adviser. Mrs. 
McCargo and her daughter. Miss Eliza- 
beth, are prominent in the social life of 
Pittsburgh. Modest and retiring, Mr. 
McCargo was a fascinating conversation- 
alist and it was deemed a privilege to be 
admitted to his company. No one who 
had ever been his guest could fail to 
appreciate his charm and aflfability. He 
was a trustee of the Carnegie Library, 
having been appointed to the board by 
Andrew Carnegie. 

The death of Mr. McCargo, which oc- 
curred at Atlantic City, January 25, 1902, 
was a loss well-nigh irreparable. Strong 
in his convictions, quiet, firm and decisive 
in negotiation, possessing a clear mind 
and excellent memory, regular in his 
habits and liberal in his charities, he rep- 
resented a type of man who has helped 
to make Pittsburgh one of the dominant 
cities of the United States and the world 
at large. It is impossible to estimate the 
value of such a man to a community, at 
least during his lifetime. While he is in 
the midst of his activities we cannot 
measure results by what he is accom- 
plishing, or proportion them according to 
the extent of his specific business. His 
influence ramifies all through the com- 
mercial and industrial sphere, extending 



431 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



itself to the whole social economy. 
Every man, from the toiling laborer to 
the merchant prince, receives benefit from 
him. Such a man leaves the world better 
than he found it, and such a man was the 
late David McCarsfo. 



SEAMAN, Joseph S., 

Mannfacturer, Financier. 

Pittsburgh, the city which seems like a 
Rodin statue because it is the unformed 
figure of achievement incarnate, is a 
beacon of industrial progress. The rea- 
son of this is not far to seek. It is found 
in the fact that her chief citizens are 
men who work with far-sighted sagacity, 
who discern not only present accomplish- 
ment, but also future results — men of the 
type of Joseph S. Seaman, president of 
Seaman-Sleeth Company, for a number 
of years a power in the business circles 
of Pittsburgh, and closely and promi- 
nently identified with all her best inter- 
ests. Mr. Seaman is a descendant of an 
honored family of Germany, who have 
been domiciled in this country for a num- 
ber of generations. 

Johan Ludwig Seaman, the progenitor 
of this family in America, was a member 
of the body-guard of Frederick the Great, 
of Prussia. On account of his religious 
convictions, which were not viewed with 
favor in his native country, he sailed for 
the New World, arriving at Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania, October 25, 1748. In 
"Rupp's Thirty Thousand Names," which 
gives an account of the names and dates 
of landing of the early immigrants, we 
find it stated that "October 25, 1748, 
there arrived in Philadelphia the ship 
'Paliena and Margaret,' with John Govan 
as captain, from Rotterdam, last from 
Leith," and that among the passengers 
were Henry Seeman and John Ludwig 
Seeman. Later the name was spelled 
Seaman, as it is at the present time. "It 
is possible," says Rupp's, "that the sig- 



nature in the ship's record was made by a 
clerk and not correctly spelled." How- 
ever, it evidently referred to one and the 
same person, and that was the ancestor 
mentioned above. He married after his 
arrival in this country, and settled in 
Berks county, Pennsylvania. 

John Seaman, son of Johan Ludwig 
Seaman, was with Washington at Valley 
Forge. 

John Seaman, son of John Seaman, was 
born in Berks county, Pennsylvania, and 
later removed to Harmony, in the same 
State, with the society known as "Har- 
monites." He married Katherine All- 
wine, also of Berks county, and they had 
three daughters and five sons. 

Elias Seaman, third child of John and 
Katherine (Allwine) Seaman, was born 
in Berks county, Pennsylvania, in 181 1. 
He was a young child when he came to 
Harmony with his parents and there grew 
to manhood. He was apprenticed to 
learn the harness and saddlery trade and 
followed this occupation throughout his 
life. He married Margaret Charlotte 
Goehring, born near Harmony, Butler 
county, Pennsylvania, and they were the 
parents of the following children : Wil- 
liam Henry ; Elias Jefferson ; Joseph Sid- 
ney, see forward; Edwin M., deceased; 
Elias Francis. 

Joseph Sidney Seaman, third son and 
child of Elias and Margaret Charlotte 
(Goehring) Seaman, was born April 
14, 1839, in Harmony, Butler county, 
Pennsylvania, where he received his edu- 
cation. Upon the conclusion of his 
studies he came to Pittsburgh and here 
learned the trade of roll turner. He 
commenced at the bottom of the ladder, a 
position he did not long retain, as his 
energy and application soon enabled him 
to rise from the ranks and make his way 
to the front. He held the position of 
foreman for a time and then became 
superintendent of the iron mills, continu- 
ing in this office until 1864, when he be- 



432 





rrr^^ 



^/^'i^^^!^>t>C^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



came identified with the firm of BoUman 
& Bagley, of which he was virtually the 
organizer. The firm name underwent 
various changes, being known successive- 
ly as : Bagley, Young & Company, James 
B. Young & Company, and later as Sea- 
man, Sleeth & Black. It was incor- 
porated and styled the Seaman-Sleeth 
Company in 1895, Mr. Seaman being the 
president and general manager and R. L. 
Sleeth vice-president. These two gentle- 
man are the sole proprietors of the prop- 
erty. 

It should be said, in enumerating the 
causes of Mr. Seaman's success, that he 
combines with an exceptional degree of 
ability, personal qualities that insure him 
the respect of all with whom he comes in 
contact, especially that of his employees, 
who have always shown a devotion to 
his interests rarely accorded to the em- 
ployer. 

In addition to holding the office of 
president of the above concern, Mr. Sea- 
man is president of the Pennsylvania Na- 
tional Bank and the Pennsylvania Sav- 
ings Bank, and a director in the Superior 
Steel Company, which he organized in 
1891. He has been a member and an of- 
ficer in the First Lutheran church for al- 
most half a century. In all his enter- 
prises Mr. Seaman has proved himself to 
be a man born to his task, alert and 
watchful, deciding quickly and grasping 
situations almost intuitively. He pos- 
sesses, also, the rare faculty of controlling 
large bodies of men and of inspiring them 
with his own enthusiasm. Men of this 
type are what the business world needs, 
and were they more numerous, we should 
soon cease to hear of the conflict between 
capital and labor. It is not, however, 
only as the head of a great industry that 
Mr. Seaman is of value to Pittsburgh, but 
also as a public-spirited citizen of liberal 
views, correct in judgment and disinter- 
ested in policy. In politics he is a Re- 
publican. Unostentatiously charitable, 



no good work done in the name of phil- 
anthropy or religion seeks his cooperation 
in vain. 

He married March 23, 1863, Hannah 
Alice Slater, born in Pittsburgh, daugh- 
ter of William and Ruth (Simons) 
Slater, and they have had children : 
Charles B. ; Alice Grace, wife of James 
H. Hammond, of Carnegie, Pennsylvania; 
Joseph Sidney, Jr. Mrs. Seaman is a 
woman of much sweetness and beauty of 
character, and has been to her husband an 
ideal helpmate in his aspirations and 
ambitions. 

Mr. Seaman belongs to that group of 
Pittsburgh business men to whom the 
city owes, in large measure, her prosper- 
ity of the last quarter of a century and 
the commanding position which she holds 
in the commerical and manufacturing 
world at the present day. But Pitts- 
burgh is indebted to her business men 
for much more than present prosperity. 
In the years to come the metropolis of 
Pennsylvania will be, to a great degree, 
what men of the type of Joseph S. Sea- 
man have made her. In building up the 
Pittsburgh of to-day they have laid the 
foundations of the city of the future. 



BASTIAN, Morris Clinton, 

Treasurer, Arbogast & Bastian Co. 

Morris Clinton Bastian, treasurer of the 
Arbogast & Bastian Company, was born 
June 21, 1859, a son of William Jonas 
and Rebecca (Werner) Bastian. His 
great-grandfather, Michael Bastian, was 
a native of France, who came to this 
country in company with two brothers, 
one of whom went south and the other to 
the northwest. William J. and Rebecca 
Bastian were the parents of nine children, 
of whom five are now living: i. Alfred, 
who lives in Ohio ; has been twice mar- 
ried. His first wife, Amanda Litzenberg- 
er, bore him two children, Harvey and 
Earnest; his second wife, Mary Sieber- 



433 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ling, became the mother of two children, 
Anna, and an infant who is deceased. 2. 
Sarah, became the wife of George Knerr, 
and their children are: Martha and Ed- 
ward. 3. Frank, deceased ; married 
Leanda Stevens, and their children were: 
Sarah, Kate, William, Emma and Elda. 
4. Marriah, deceased. 5. Charles J., 
married Catherine Housman, and their 
children are : Hattie, Alvin and Edward. 
6. Edwin, deceased. 7. Morris Clin- 
ton. 8. Walter Eugene. 9. George, de- 
ceased ; married Emma Fehr. 

Morris C. Bastian's early education was 
limited to attendance at the public 
schools of his native neighborhood dur- 
ing the winter months, the remainder of 
the year being devoted to assisting with 
the work on the home farm and working 
in the ore beds. At the age of seventeen 
he went to Millersville, where he was for 
a year a student in the normal school. 
After returning home he again aided his 
father in the cultivation of the farm, and 
was an inmate of the paternal home until 
he was almost twenty-five years old. He 
then established a general store in Allen- 
town which he conducted with reasonable 
success for two years. In 1887 he be- 
came associated with Wilson Arbogast in 
instituting the firm of Arbogast & Bas- 
tian, and bore a full share in the labors 
and responsibilities of bringing its busi- 
ness to its present high prestige. At the 
incorporation of the Arbogast & Bastian 
Company, in 1902, he was called to the 
position which he now occupies, that of 
treasurer, and in which he has displayed 
the best qualities of the masterly finan- 
cier. As in the case of him who has been 
his partner from the inception of their 
great enterprise, his success has been at- 
tained through no adventitious circum- 
stances, but is purely the logical reward 
of persistent and well directed effort. 
Mr. Bastian is highly regarded in the 
community for his personal excellencies 
of character, as well as for his commercial 



value to the city. He is a member of the 
United Evangelical church, and is a Re- 
publican in politics. He holds member- 
ship with the Masonic fraternity. 

Mr. Bastian married Miss Emma 
Schuler, daughter of Damus and Maria 
(Lourie) Schuler, who were the parents 
of two children : Emma, who became 
Mrs. Bastian ; Harvey, who married Anna 
Stevens, and to whom were born three 
children: Emily, Lillie and Harris. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Bastian were born five chil- 
dren : Blanche ; Mamie, died aged five 
years ; Marjorie ; Emily and Walter. 



TREXLER, Col. Harry C, 

Man of Large Affairs. 

In the business affairs of Allen- 
town, Lehigh county, Pennsylvania, no 
man is more conspicuous than Colonel 
Harry C. Trexler, oldest son of the late 
Edwin W. Trexler, nor is it the privilege 
of many to achieve such marked success 
as has Colonel Trexler in his varied busi- 
ness interests. 

He was born in Easton, Pennsylvania, 
and spent his early boyhood days in AI- 
lentown. He was educated in the public 
schools of his native county. After re- 
ceiving his education. Colonel Trexler as- 
sociated himself in business with his father 
in the Trexler Lumber Company, then a 
moderate sized but substantial concern. 
The development and growth of this firm 
has been remarkable. Its business con- 
nections now extend over the entire coun- 
try. Since the death of his father, Colonel 
Trexler has been senior partner of the 
firm. In 1897 Colonel Trexler was one 
of the leading figures in organizing the 
Lehigh Portland Cement Company. He 
has always been fortunate in his choice of 
business associates, and in this enterprise 
he interested such men as E. M. Young, 
George Ormrod and Charles Matcham, 
whose sketches appear on other pages of 
this Encyclopedia. From the date of or- 



434 





/p 




ENCYCLOPEDIA OE BIOGRAPHY 



ganization this company has grown by 
leaps and bounds until at the present 
writing it is one of the largest in the 
United States, with mills and offices in 
various sections of the country, and do- 
ing business from the Atlantic to the 
Pacific Coast. Colonel Trexler is presi- 
dent of the company. He is also exten- 
sively engaged in agriculture. Colonel 
Trexler is a trustee of Muhlenberg Col- 
lege, a trustee of St. Luke's Hospital and 
a director of the Lehigh Valley Transit 
Company. Colonel Trexler was appointed 
by Governor Tener a member of the com- 
mission to erect the State Homeopathic 
Hospital, as president of that board. Lat- 
er he was appointed president of the 
board of trustees of this institution. He 
has been connected with the National 
Guard of the State since 1895, having 
been appointed a member of his staff by 
Governor Hastings, and continued by 
Governors Stone and Pennypacker. He 
was appointed deputy commissary-gener- 
al by Governor Stuart, and later, quarter- 
master-general by Governor Tener. He 
is a member of many lodges and clubs. 
Colonel Trexler is known as a man of 
untiring activity, aggressive and progres- 
sive, with quick business decision. He 
chooses able associates and counsel, and 
throws opportvmities in the way of young 
men who show capability and industry. 
In politics he is a staunch Republican. 

Colonel Trexler married Mary N., 
daughter of William K. Mosser, one of 
the pioneer tanners of the State. 



STECKEL, Reuben P., 

Mercantile Manager. 

The late Reuben Peter Steckel, who 
was a highly esteemed citizen and widely 
known business man of Allentown, a 
member of the firm of M. S. Young & 
Company, was born in South Whitehall 
township, Lehigh county, Pennsylvania, 
son of Peter and Esther (Burkhalter) 



Steckel, and grandson on the paternal 
side of John Steckel and on the maternal 
side of Henry Burkhalter. He was the 
youngest of a family of four children, the 
others being as follows: Robert, mar- 
ried Hannah Erederick ; Amanda, wife of 
Peter Moore; Anna B. 

Reuben P. Steckel obtained a practical 
education in the schools of his neighbor- 
hood, and later supplemented this by a 
course in the Allentown Academy. In 
early life he assisted his father in the 
work of the home farm, and upon the 
completion of his studies entered the 
hardware store of Barber & Young in or- 
der to gain a thorough knowledge of the 
business, and he continued to act as sales- 
man for this firm until i860, when he 
was given an interest in the business, this 
fact testifying to his adaptability for 
mercantile pursuits and the keen interest 
he displayed in his employer's business. 
Subsequently he became a partner in the 
firm of M. S. Young & Company, one of 
the leading houses in that line of trade, 
their store being one of the most exten- 
sive in the Lehigh Valley, stocked with 
full lines of merchandise. Mr. Steckel 
managed this business for many years, 
his wise jtidgment, conservatism and rare 
foresight proving of great value in his 
conduct of affairs. For a number of 
years prior to his decease he led a retired 
life, although he retained a financial in- 
terest in the business, from which he 
derived a goodly income. For two years 
he served on the directorate of the Le- 
high Valley Trust Company, his advice 
and counsel on all matters being con- 
sidered safe and prudent. Since attaining 
his majority he cast his vote for the 
candidates of the Republican party, but 
never sought or held public office, prefer- 
ring to devote his entire time to his busi- 
ness interests. He was a member of the 
Reformed church, in the work of which 
he took a deep interest. He displayed his 
patriotism by enlisting in the Fifth Regi- 



435 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ment Pennsylvania Militia, in 1862, in an- 
swer to an emergency call, and accom- 
panied his regiment to Hagerstown, 
Maryland, where the command was sta- 
tioned at the time of the battle of 
Antietam in order to assist if necessary, 
and after the close of the engagement the 
regiment was returned to Pennsylvania, 
having been absent for only twelve days. 
Mr. Steckel married A. Maria, daughter 
of Owen and Pauline (Frederick) Deifen- 
derfer. One child, Anna Esther, who 
graduated from Allentown College for 
Women, 1905, Albert Academy, 1906, 
Vassar College, 1910, and since her 
father's death, 1913, has assumed entire 
business management of the estate. 



NEWHARD, Henry P., 

Prominent Business Man. 

Henry P. Newhard, general superin- 
tendent and secretary of the Dent Hard- 
ware Company, a man of energy, enter- 
prise and integrity, public-spirited and ac- 
tive in promoting the general welfare of 
the community in which he resides, was 
born in Whitehall township, Lehigh coun- 
ty, Pennsylvania, November 29, 1862, son 
of Franklin J. and Christiana M. (Schadt) 
Newhard, grandson of Paul Newhard, 
and a descendant of one of the old fam- 
ilies of the Lehigh Valley. 

He spent his boyhood days on the 
home farm, and received his education in 
the public schools, which he attended un- 
til he attained his fifteenth year, when he 
began an apprenticeship at the trade of 
machinist at Fullerton, and in due course 
of time became a journeyman, having 
thoroughly mastered all the details of the 
trade. His ability and skill as a work- 
man and the tact and judgment he dis- 
played in the management of men won 
him promotion to the position of foreman 
of the Allentown Hardware Works, in 
which capacity he served for several 



years, giving entire satisfaction in the 
performance of his duties. Later he be- 
came interested in the organization of the 
Dent Hardware Company, was chosen to 
serve as its secretary, and subsequently 
was appointed general superintendent, in 
which offices he is serving at the present 
time (1913), he possessing in marked de- 
gree the characteristics which are re- 
quired for the successful conduct of large 
affairs. His strength of character and his 
upright life have won for him the re- 
spect and confidence of all with whom 
he is brought in contact. He is a mem- 
ber of the Fullerton Beneficial Associa- 
tion, in which he filled the office of treas- 
urer. 

Mr. Newhard married, in 1886, Agnes 
A., daughter of Robert and Mary 
Rhoades, of Egypt, Pennsylvania, and 
they have one child. Miles R., born in 



RICHARDS, Henry M. M., 

Naval Officer, Author. 

Among Pennsylvania's prominent citi- 
zens none stands higher in the public re- 
gard than Lieutenant Henry Melchior 
Muhlenberg Richards, distinguished alike 
in the military, industrial and literary 
services which he has rendered to his 
State and country. He is indeed a man 
eminent in many capacities, and one who 
has excelled in every line to which he 
has given his attention during the long 
years of his public usefulness. He is a 
descendant on both sides of the family 
from an ancestry of patriotic and dis- 
tinguished men, and has contributed his 
full share to the family honors and the 
benefits which they have rendered to the 
country. 

On the paternal side. Lieutenant Rich- 
ards' great-grandfather was Matthias 
Richards, a prominent and wealthy landed 
proprietor of New Holland township, 
Pennsylvania, and a member of the build- 



436 





/<^ 




ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ing committee of the Swamp Evangelical 
Lutheran Church in 1767. Matthias 
Richards, born in 1719, died in 1775, mar- 
ried Ann Margaret Hillegas, and left a 
number of children, his eldest sons inher- 
iting his extensive property. One of the 
younger sons, Matthias Richards Jr., who 
was born in 1758, and was but seventeen 
years of age when his father died, re- 
ceived his inheritance in currency which 
so depreciated in value that his invest- 
ment of it proved worthless. He then 
went to Reading, Pennsylvania ; and when 
in 1777 the British came up Chesapeake 
Bay and threatened Philadelphia, he vol- 
unteered in the defense of his country 
and served as a private in Colonel Daniel 
Udree's Second Battalion. He afterwards 
took part in the battles of Brandywine 
and Germantown, and served until the 
Continental army finally went into camp 
at Valley Forge, when the militia was 
discharged. In the year 1780 he married 
his first wife, Maria Missimer, who died 
the following year after having given 
birth to a son who also died. 

Matthias Richards was at this time 
a resident on Swamp road, known as the 
Old Philadelphia road, where he kept an 
inn, then a reputable business. This he 
continued alone after his brother's with- 
drawal, when he also became a scrivener. 
He was altogether a self-made man, hav- 
ing learned English behind the plow, with 
a spelling-book and dictionary, studying 
when his horses rested. He became pro- 
ficient in both English and German, was 
well acquainted with literature in general, 
and stood pre-eminent among the men of 
his day. He served as justice of the peace 
in all for a period of forty years ; was 
Associate Judge of the Berks county 
courts ; was appointed Inspector of Cus- 
toms under Tenche Cox and General 
Peter Muhlenberg; became a member of 
Congress for the counties of Berks and 
Lancaster, from 1807 to 181 1; was ap- 
pointed Collector of Revenue by Presi- 



dent Madison in 1812; and appointed 
clerk of the Orphans' Court in 1823, by 
his intimate friend, Governor Joseph 
Hiester. He was an upright and patriotic 
citizen; and, like all of his family, a faith- 
ful Lutheran, being a member and trustee 
of Trinity Lutheran Church, Reading, in 
which city he had finally made his home 
and where he died in the year 1830. After 
the death of his first wife he married, in 
1782, Marie Salome Muhlenberg, by 
whom he had a number of children, 
among whom was John William Rich- 
ards, the father of Lieutenant Richards. 
The Rev. John William Richards was 
born in the year 1803, and died in 1854, 
at Reading, Pennsylvania. He was a pu- 
pil of Dr. John Grier, at the Reading 
Academy, where he was chiefly a student 
of languages, reading theology afterwards 
under the Rev. Henry Augustus Muhlen- 
berg. In the year 1828 he was ordained 
as a minister in the Lutheran church, and 
was unanimously elected pastor of the 
congregation of New Holland, Lancaster 
county, and other congregations in Lan- 
caster and Berks counties. Subsequently 
he was unanimously elected pastor of the 
old Augustus Church at The Trappe, in 
Montgomery county (where his famous 
grandfather, Henry Melchior Muhlen- 
berg, first preached and is buried), on re- 
signing his work in New Holland, in the 
year 1834. He continued here until 1836, 
when he was called to St. Michael's 
Evangelical Lutheran Church at German- 
town. In 1843 he was made secretary of 
the Ministerium, served three terms, and 
in 1850 was elected president of that 
body, holding the office until the time of 
his death. In the same year he was 
called to Trinity Lutheran Church, in 
Reading, having been pastor of St. John's 
Evangelical Church at Easton since 1845. 
In 185 1 the degree of Doctor of Divinity 
was conferred upon him by Jefferson Col- 
lege, a Presbyterian institution of the old 
school. Dr. Richards' various pastorates 



437 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



were marked by a gratifying and peculiar 
success, and he was instrumental in ma- 
terially advancing the cause of religion 
and the Lutheran denomination in Penn- 
sylvania. In the year 1835 he married 
Andora Garber, only daughter of Henry 
and Susanna Garber, who lived at Gar- 
wood, a few miles from The Trappe ; she 
was born May 21, 181 5, and died May 
26, 1892, at the age of seventy-seven 
years. The children of Dr. and Mrs. 
Richards were Adelaide Susanna, Andora 
Elizabeth, Matthias Henry, and Henry 
Melchior Muhlenberg Richards. 

Lieutenant Richards' grandmother, 
Maria Salome Muhlenberg, was the 
youngest daughter of the patriarch, 
Henry Melchior Muhlenberg, the founder 
of the family in this country, who brought 
out of disorder the Lutheran church in 
this part of the world, and by his in- 
dividual exertions established its influ- 
ence and authority upon firm foundations. 
The entire family seemed to be pecu- 
liarly fitted for public life by a natural 
endowment from generation to genera- 
tion, although all of its prominent male 
members were educated for the Christian 
ministry and entered upon pastoral du- 
ties. Some of the most noted descendants 
have achieved distinction and accom- 
plished results worthy of lasting remem- 
brance by all Pennsylvanians ; nearly all 
have been gifted with literary tastes; 
and nearly all have been accomplished 
scholars. Indeed, it may be said that 
no State in the Union can boast of a 
family which has contributed to the 
country a larger number of eminent men 
than has the Keystone State in this fam- 
ily of Pennsylvania Germans. 

The Muhlenberg family traces back a 
thousand years to its ancestors in Prus- 
sian Saxony, when Ziraca, a prince of the 
Wendish and Sorbic tribes, had his resi- 
dence near the present Miihlberg, on the 
right bank of the river Elbe. Here he 
was converted to Christianity about the 



year 950 A. D. Mills, which in the Ger- 
man are "miihlen," were erected near this 
locality in the mediaeval ages, and gave 
their name to the town as well as to the 
family which was reigning there. This 
family increased and grew powerful in 
the course of time, and acquired large 
possessions in Saxony, Austrian Silesia, 
and other parts of the country ; they bore 
in their escutcheon two wheels, and the 
members signed themselves, "of the 
Muhlenberg." Various representatives of 
the family became eminent in war and 
peace; and at the beginning of the six- 
teenth century its members were counted 
among the wealthy nobility. The subse- 
quent wars, however, especially the 
Thirty Years' War, greatly reduced it 
in numbers and circumstances, and many 
of its branches died out entirely. 

There is a tradition that the Muhlen- 
berg family emigrated from Bohemia to 
Eimbeck, in Hanover, Germany ; and 
there, in 1723, died Nicolaus Melchior 
Muhlenberg, the first modern representa- 
tive of the line. He and his wife, Anna 
Kleinschmid, were the parents of a num- 
ber of children, among whom was Henry 
Melchior Muhlenberg, born September 6, 
171 1, at Eimbeck. The family seemed to 
have been a very devout one from earliest 
times, and it is probable indeed that they 
had left Bohemia because of religious per- 
secution ; the name, John Arndt, which 
was given to another of the sons in honor 
of the famous theologian, was a further 
proof of their religious attitude. 

Henry Melchior Muhlenberg was a 
man of profound learning acquired in 
the schools of Germany, and was "pos- 
sessed of an ardent zeal for the salvation 
of his brethren according to the flesh." 
He left Germany in 1742, sailing for 
America; after spending a short while 
in Georgia he came on to Pennsylvania, 
finding the Lutheran church in this State 
in a deplorable condition, though better 
than elsewhere in the country. He 



438 




l-\ - V'Vn . "v-i^ • ' CA^C^U C^^X^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



visited the destitute Germans, placed the 
church upon a firm foundation, and la- 
bored with indefatigable zeal for nearly 
half a century, leaving an enduring mon- 
ument to his name in the good works 
which he wrought for humanity in the 
name of his church. He died in 1787, at 
The Trappe, where he had lived and la- 
bored for many years, and was buried 
there. His wife, Anna Maria, daughter 
of Conrad Weiser, of Berks county, bore 
him three sons and four daughters. Of 
the sons, all attained distinction, and, like 
their father, were not only Lutheran 
ministers, but also public spirited citi- 
zens ; all were educated in part at the 
University of Halle in Germany, where 
Dr. Muhlenberg had laid the foundations 
of his own profound learning. 

John Peter Gabriel, known as General 
Muhlenberg, and Frederick Augustus 
Conrad, the statesman, who were the 
eldest sons of Patriarch Muhlenberg, 
were both representatives in Congress 
when Washington was president ; Peter 
served previously during the entire Revo- 
lutionary war as one of Washington's 
generals, and was afterwards elected a 
United States Senator from Pennsyl- 
vania; Frederick had served prior to the 
Revolution, in the Continental Con- 
gress, and became speaker of the House 
during the first and third Congresses of 
the United States ; he was also twice 
elected the Federal candidate for gov- 
ernor of Pennsylvania, though defeated. 
Dr. Muhlenberg's third son, Gotthilf 
Henry Ernestus, was a naturalist of 
world-wide reputation, whose son, Henry 
Augustus Philip, was a prominent leader 
of the Democratic party, long a represen- 
tative in Congress, minister to Austria, 
and twice the Democratic candidate for 
governor of Pennsylvania. Henry Au- 
gustus, son of Henry Augustus 
Philip, was a representative in Con- 
gress ; Frederick Augustus, grandson 
of Gotthilf Henry Ernestus, was dis- 



tinguished as a college professor and 
college president; William Augustus, 
the grandson of the first speaker of the 
House of Representatives, was a promi- 
nent Episcopalian clergyman, especially 
noted as a writer of hymns that are sung 
in all our churches ; and John Andrew 
Shulze, a grandson of the Patriarch 
through one of his daughters, was twice 
elected governor of Pennsylvania. Of 
Dr. Muhlenberg's daughters, two married 
Lutheran ministers. Eve Elizabeth be- 
coming the wife of the Rev. Christopher 
Emmanuel Shulze, and Margaretta Hen- 
rietta the wife of the Rev. John Christo- 
pher Kunze, a native of Germany. The 
third daughter, Mary Catherine, married 
Francis Swaine, a politician of note; and 
the fourth daughter, Maria Salome, mar- 
ried Matthias Richards as previously 
stated, and became the grandmother of 
the present Lieutenant Richards. She 
was born in 1766 and died in 1827. 

Lieutenant Henry Melchior Muhlen- 
berg Richards, son of the Rev. John Wil- 
liam Richards and Andora Garber Rich- 
ards, was born at Easton, Northampton 
county, Pennsylvania, August 16, 1848, 
during his father's pastorate of St. John's 
Evangelical Lutheran Church of that city. 
When in 1850 his father was called to 
Trinity Lutheran Church in Reading, he 
accompanied his parents, being then an 
infant of two years ; here his early life 
was passed, his preliminary education be- 
ing received in the public schools. June 
30, i860, he entered the high school at 
the head of all the male applicants, he be- 
ing then only twelve years old, and, con- 
tinuing his studious career with the same 
brilliancy and success that marked his 
family for generations, was graduated in 
1864. 

During he Civil War he enlisted, in 
June, 1863, as a private in Company A, 
26th Emergency Regiment of Pennsyl- 
vania Volunteers, doing duty as a drum- 
mer. He engaged in the battle of Gettys- 



439 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



burg, and served throughout the cam- 
paign incident to that battle; penetrating 
in disguise, in company with his brother, 
into Early's division of Ewell's corps of 
the Confederate army, and giving the first 
information of their retrograde move- 
ment, he narrowly escaped death and 
capture. In 1864 he enlisted as a private 
in Company A, 195th Regiment Pennsyl- 
vania Volunteers, and served under Sheri- 
dan in West Virginia. In July, 1865, he 
was appointed a midshipman and entered 
the United States Naval Academy at 
Newport, Rhode Island. He graduated 
in 1869 at Annapolis, being a star gradu- 
ate, or honor man, and was complimented 
by Admiral David D. Porter, receiving 
his diploma at the hands of General U. 
S. Grant. He served on the U. S. S. 
"Santee," in 1865; on the U. S. S. "Ma- 
cedonian," in 1866, cruising along the 
coast of the United States; and also on 
the U. S. S. "Constitution" ("Old Iron- 
sides"). In 1867, on the U. S. S. "Sa- 
vannah," he cruised along the coasts of 
Europe and participated in the great 
naval ovation to the Empress Eugenie 
at Cherbourg, in France ; in the following 
year he cruised in the same ship among 
the islands off the west coast of Africa, 
having previously visited the Military 
Academy at West Point. 

During 1869-70-71, on the U. S. S. 
"Juniata" and the U. S. flagship "Frank- 
lin," he was attached to the European 
squadron, and was actively engaged in 
connection with the Franco-German war, 
the Carlist insurrection, the Communis- 
tic outbreak, and a threatened uprising in 
Tunis, Africa, against the Christians. 
The outbreak against the Christians in 
Africa was averted in April, 1870; his 
engagement in the Franco-German war 
was in 1870-71, he being with the German 
army in July, 1870, prior to the battles of 
Worth and Gravelotte. He was also 
with the French fleet off Heligoland, in 
the German Ocean, in August, 1870, 



which was then dispersed by a hurricane 
while awaiting the attack of the German 
fleet; was with the German fleet at Wil- 
helmshaven, in September, 1870; in 
Havre, France, in October and Novem- 
ber, 1870, during the advance of the Ger- 
man army with Bourbaki's defeated army 
in Switzerland, in January, 1871 ; and at 
Marseilles, in April, 1871, during the 
Communistic outbreak. He was on ac- 
tive duty in Spain, in January, 1871, dur- 
ing the oubreak of the Carlist insurrec- 
tion ; and at Naples and Civita Vecchia, 
Italy, in March, 1871, guarding American 
interests during troubles incident to the 
occupation of Rome by Victor Emman- 
uel, and the deprivation of the Pope's 
temporal power. He had been commis- 
sioned ensign in 1870, and was commis- 
sioned master in 1871, passing through 
many exciting adventures during these 
years. He had narrowly escaped death 
in the Bay of Tunis while on boat duty 
during a tempest; he had made a danger- 
ous ascent of Vesuvius during an erup- 
tion; had hazarded his life in crossing 
the Alps by the Simplon Pass after a 
winter's storm ; and was attacked and 
nearly captured by Spanish brigands in 
the vicinity of San Roque, outside of 
Gibraltar. 

During the year 1872, Lieutenant 
Richards was on duty at the Torpedo 
Station at Newport, Rhode Island, where 
he was attached to the nitro-glycerine 
department; at this time he invented a 
circuit closing fuse which, being far su- 
perior to anything then in use, was 
adopted by the government. In 1873-74, 
at the personal solicitation of its com- 
manding officer, now Admiral George 
Dewey, he was attached to the U. S. 
Steamer "Narragansett," on surveying 
duty in the Pacific Ocean. The charts 
now in use of the peninsular of Lower 
California, the Gulf of California, the 
Mexican coast and various islands in the 
Pacific Ocean, were mainly the result of 



440 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



his work. He was on duty in Panama 
during the revolutionary outbreak in 
April, 1873 ; volunteered for a dangerous 
boat expedition to Las Tres Marias 
Islands on February 22, 1874, and saved 
the vessel from shipwreck on La Roca 
Partida, of the Revillagigedo Group, a 
month afterwards ; visited the savage 
Seri Indians of Tiburon Island and the 
Yaqui tribes along the Rio Mayo. Dur- 
ing this time, in anticipation of a war 
with Spain because of the "Virginius" 
affair. Captain Dewey asked for permis- 
sion to attack Manila, of the Philippine 
Islands, which exploit he so well per- 
formed many years afterward. In No- 
vember, 1874, Lieutenant Richards at- 
tained his highest promotion in the serv- 
ice; but having been on duty for ten 
years with scarcely any interruption, he 
tendered his resignation in order to de- 
vote more time to his family, and retired 
from service on the first of January, 

1875- 

He then became connected with the 
Philadelphia & Reading Railway, at 
Reading, Pennsylvania, being at first in 
the office of the general superintendent 
and later in that of the engineer of ma- 
chinery, remaining until the fall of 1878. 
During the labor riots of 1877 he assisted 
in organizing a company of coal and 
iron police, composed of veteran soldiers, 
in which he himself served during the 
continuance of the disturbances. From 
1878 until 1881 he was associated with 
Charles M. Roeder in the insurance busi- 
ness ; after which he became identified 
with the Reading Bolt and Nut Works 
and the rolling mills of J. H. Sternbergh. 
In 1899 he assisted in the consolidation 
of that plant and others, and their organi- 
zation into the American Iron and Steel 
Manufacturing Company, with general 
offices at Lebanon, Pennsylvania ; he is 
now the treasurer of this company and 
a member of its board of directors, hav- 
ing first been appointed general auditor 



in 1899. During the strike of its em- 
ployees in 1902 and the terrible riots 
which followed. Lieutenant Richards was 
shot in the side while defending the com- 
pany's property, before order was restored 
by the troops; the attack was made on 
the night of Sepember 23rd, while three 
thousand employees in Lebanon were on 
strike. 

When in 1898 the war with Spain broke 
out, he laid aside his business career for 
a while and volunteered for service, re- 
suming his lieutenancy in the navy. He 
served at the front during the entire war 
as executive officer of the U. S. S. 
"Supply," which was fitted out by the 
government as an auxiliary cruiser and 
supply ship in Admiral Sampson's fleet. 
He participated in all operations in the 
West Indies about Cuba and Porto Rico, 
and was on the blockade of Havana when 
the last shot of the war was fired. Some 
months after the close of the war he was 
given his honorable discharge, with the 
thanks of the government. Previously, 
in 1892, when war seemed imminent be- 
tween the United States and Chili, he 
had also volunteered for service. 

After his final return from military 
service Lieutenant Richards became an 
active factor in the work of the Evan- 
gelical Lutheran church, of which his 
ancestors have all been distinguished 
members. For eighteen years he was 
superintendent of the Trinity Lutheran 
Sunday school at Reading, introducing 
many changes and improvements. Upon 
his removal to Lebanon he was elected 
a trustee of Salem Evangelical Lutheran 
Church, and engaged actively in the 
work of the Bible school. Since this he 
has become identified with the St. James 
Evangelical Lutheran Congregation of 
Lebanon, and is superintendent of its 
Bible school. In politics he is a Republi- 
can, but has always declined serving in 
office though frequently requested to do 
so. On June 28, 1893, he was appointed 



441 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



by Governor Pattison, of Pennsylvania, 
on the commission to locate the various 
forts erected as defenses against the In- 
dians prior to the year 1783; his exhaus- 
tive report on the "Frontier Forts of the 
Blue Range" was ordered printed by the 
legislature, and has become the standard 
authority on that subject. He is also 
the author of many historical and other 
works which have appeared from time 
to time in the leading periodicals of the 
country and from the presses of various 
prominent publishers. Among them are : 
"Citizens of Gettysburg in the Battle," 
which appeared in 1887, in the Century 
Magazine ; "Quarter-Centennial History 
of St. John's Lodge No. 435, Free and 
Accepted Alasons," published in 1894; 
"Frontier Forts of Pennsylvania," pub- 
lished at Harrisburg in 1896; "Frontier 
Forts of the French and Indian Wars," 
"History of the Old Moslem Church," 
and "Pennsylvania Military Methods 
during the French and Indian Wars," 
published from 1895 to 1897 in the Ameri- 
can Historical Magazine ; "The German 
Leaven in the Pennsylvania Loaf," pub- 
lished by the Wyoming Historical and 
Geological Society in 1897 ; "The First 
Discoverers of America German not 
Latin," "The German Emigration from 
New York Province into Pennsylvania," 
"The Descendants of Henry Melchior 
Muhlenberg," and "Biography of Gov- 
ernor Joseph Hiester," etc., published at 
various times by the Pennsylvania Ger- 
man Society; "The Pennsylvania German 
in the French and Indian Wars," "The 
Pennsylvania German in the Revolution- 
ary War," published by the New Era 
Printing Company at Lancaster; "The 
Heroic Laying of a Noble Foundation," 
"Berks County in the French and Indian 
War," published respectively by the 
Schuylkill County and Berks County His- 
torical Societies, "Lebanon County in the 
French and Indian War," "Regina, the 
German Captive," "Lebanon County's 



Emergency Volunteers at Gettysburg," 
"Lebanon County's Part in the Revolu- 
tionary War," "A Word about Seals," 
"Lebanon County in the Foreign Wars of 
the United States," "Our Ancestors in 
the British Prisons of the Revolution," 
published at various times by the Leb- 
anon County Historical Society; various 
biographical articles in the Lutheran 
Cyclopedia, published by Charles Scrib- 
ner's Sons in 1899; and "The Relation of 
the Sunday School to the Church," pub- 
lished by the Lutheran Church Review 
in 1896. 

In the year 1910 the degree of Doctor 
of Letters was conferred upon Lieutenant 
Richards by Muhlenberg College. He is 
a member of the Authors' Club, of Lon- 
don, England, and of the following or- 
ganizations and societies : Grand Army 
of the Republic, Sons of the Revolution, 
Naval Order of the United States, Mili- 
tary Order of Foreign Wars, Naval and 
Military Order of the Spanish-American 
War, American Veterans of Foreign 
Service, Order of Washington, Lebanon 
Rifle Association, Pennsylvania German 
Society, Naval Academy Graduates' As- 
sociation, Navy Athletic Association, 
Navy League of the United States, His- 
torical Society of Pennsylvania, Genea- 
logical Society of Pennsylvania, National 
Genealogical Society, Wyoming Histori- 
cal and Geological Society of Pennsyl- 
vania, Site and Relic Society of German- 
town, Pennsylvania Federation of His- 
torical Societies, Lebanon County His- 
torical Society, Berks County and Mont- 
gomery County Historical Associations, 
American Academy of Political and 
Social Science, National Geographic So- 
ciety, American Forestry Association, 
Red Cross Society, American Humane 
Association, Prevention of Cruelty to 
Animals, Improved Order of Heptasophs, 
Loyal Association, Royal Arcanum, and 
Free and Accepted Masons, in which he 



442 




UVtZuPt-T^ (!l{ci^i /V(7t-o/( 




ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



is past master. In most of the preceding 
associations he holds high office. 

On December 26, 1871, Lieutenant 
Richards was married, at Reading, Penn- 
sylvania, to Miss Ella Van Leer, or von 
Loehr, who was born November 8, 1848, 
daughter of Branson and Drucilla Van 
Leer. On the paternal side she is a de- 
scendant of the German noble von Loehr 
family, whose remote ancestor was Wer- 
ner von Loehr, mayor of the city of May- 
ence, who was raised to the nobility in 
the year 1521. Mrs. Richards' mother 
was a Miss Turner, descended from the 
English families of Washington, West, 
Gilpin, Pennington, etc., and through 
them from the old reigning families of 
England, France, the Holy Roman Em- 
pire, and Scandinavia, the records re- 
maining unbroken for two thousand 
years. 

To Lieutenant and Mrs. Richards were 
born four children: i. Henry Branson 
Richards, born February 5, 1873 ; now 
pastor .of the St. James Evangelical 
Lutheran Church at Lebanon ; married to 
Anna Martha Bittner. 2. Charles Mat- 
thias Richards, born April 19, 1875 ; a 
practicing physician at Reading; married 
(first) to Anna Alfarata Harner, (sec- 
ond) to Laura May Peck. 3. Florence 
Richards, born March 23, 1878. 4. Alice 
Richards, born September 8, 1880; mar- 
ried to Ira Leonard Bennetch, a descen- 
dant of the noted French Huguenot fam- 
ily, Basnage de Beauval. 



BAILEY, William Elder, 

Financier. 

William Elder Bailey, president and 
treasurer of the Union Real Estate and 
Investment Company of Harrisburg, 
Pennsylvania, is descended from ancestors 
who were among the pioneers of Penn- 
sylvania. He was born February 10, 
i860, in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, and is 
the second child of Charles Lukens and 



Emma Harriet (Dollj Bailey, the former 
prominently identified with the manufac- 
turing and political interests of Dauphin 
county. 

William Elder Bailey received his pre- 
paratory education at the Hill School, 
Pottstown, Pennsylvania, and at Phillips 
Academy, Andover, Massachusetts. He 
afterward took the academic course at 
Yale University, graduating in the class 
of 1882. After graduation, Mr. Bailey 
was for a time engaged in the iron trade 
in association with his father, and then 
went to Seattle, where he turned his at- 
tention to real estate. During the five 
years which he spent in that city he was 
a director of two banks and a member 
of the first board of park commissioners 
ever organized in Seattle. In 1893 he 
returned to Pennsylvania, and made his 
home at Thorndale, Chester county, later 
settling in Harrisburg, where he has since 
resided. 

For a number of years Mr. Bailey has 
been conspicuously identified with the 
leading interests of his home city, taking, 
as he does, a generous interest in the wel- 
fare of his neighbors and doing all in his 
power to promote the prosperity of the 
community. He is a member of the 
Board of Park Commissioners, and a di- 
rector of the Harrisburg Hospital. He 
is socially popular, and belongs to the 
Harrisburg Country Club and the Merion 
Cricket Club of Philadelphia. Mr. Bailey 
holds membership in the church with 
which his father was for many years 
closely identified — the Market Square 
Presbyterian. 

Mr. Bailey married, September 15, 
1892, at Detroit, Michigan, Fay H., 
daughter of former Governor and United 
States Senator General Russell A. Alger 
and Annette (Henry) Alger, his wife. 
The family of Mr. and Mrs. Bailey con- 
sists of two children, a son and a daugh- 
ter: Russell Alger, and Annette Alger. 



443 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



BAILEY, Charles L., 

Charles L. Bailey, of the firm of Wolfe 
& Bailey, prominent attorneys of Harris- 
burg, Pennsylvania, comes of old Penn- 
sylvania stock of English and Welsh ex- 
traction. He was born June 26, 1864, 
in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, son of 
Charles Lukens and Emma H. (Doll) 
Bailey. He was prepared by private 
tutors for St. Paul's School, Concord, 
New Hampshire, whence he passed to 
Phillips Academy, Andover, Massachu- 
setts. At these institutions he was fitted 
for Yale University, whence he graduated 
in 1886. He read law in the office of Hall 
& Jordan, of Harrisburg, and in 1888 was 
admitted to the Dauphin county bar. He 
was later admitted to practice in the State 
and United States Supreme Courts. In 
1893 the firm of Wolfe & Bailey was or- 
ganized, and rapidly rose to its present 
foremost rank among the law firms of the 
city. As a lawyer, Mr. Bailey possesses 
that judicial instinct which makes its 
way quickly through immaterial details 
to the essential points upon which the de- 
termination of a cause must turn, and his 
arguments are ever logical, forcible and 
clear. He is noted for his quick apprecia- 
tion of the points counsel are endeavoring 
to establish, and for his invariable suc- 
cess in getting at the root of the matters 
by questions during argument, and when 
he asks one of his searching illuminating 
questions he will either develop the 
strength of the argument or demonstrate 
its weakness. He has a broad, compre- 
hensive grasp of all questions that come 
before him, and an unusual facility for 
getting to the bottom of every contention 
submitted. Mr. Bailey is general solici- 
tor of the Pennsylvania Traction Com- 
pany and its underlying lines. He is 
counsel for the Harrisburg National Bank 
and the Harrisburg Trust Company. In 
politics he is a Republican, and while he 



has never consented to hold office, he has 
nevertheless been somewhat active in po- 
litical circles. He is a member of the 
committee on rules of the District and 
Circuit Courts of the Middle District of 
Pennsylvania, and of the Dauphin County 
Law Library Committee. 

As a public-spirited citizen, Mr. Bailey 
takes an active interest in all that per- 
tains to the welfare and improvement of 
his home city, and any cause which in 
his judgment tends to promote this ob- 
ject, is sure of his earnest co-operation. 
He belongs to that class which is doing 
so much to advance the real interest of 
the city and State, and whose industry 
and enterprise deserve the most cordial 
approval of all good citizens. Mr. Bailey 
is a member of the Dauphin County, 
Pennsylvania and American Bar Associa- 
tions, the Harrisburg Club, and the 
Bibliophile Society of Boston. He at- 
tends St. Stephen's Protestant Episcopal 
Church. 

Mr. Bailey married, March 10, 1892, 
Mary Frances, daughter of Daniel W. 
and Eliza (Clark) Seller, of Harrisburg, 
and eight children have been born to 
them: Mary Emily, Frances, Charles, 
William, Gilbert, Eliza, Sarah, and Elea- 
nor. By this marriage Mr. Bailey gained 
the life companionship of a charming and 
congenial woman. His wife is fitted by 
native refinement, a bright mind, and 
thorough education, for the social posi- 
tion she occupies, and she enters graci- 
ously and with enjoyment into the social 
duties her position calls for. 

Happily gifted in manner, disposition 
and taste, enterprising and original in 
business ideas, personally liked most by 
those who know him best, and as frank in 
declaring his principles as he is sincere in 
maintaining them, Mr. Bailey's career has 
been rounded with success and marked by 
the appreciation of men whose good opin- 
ion is best worth having. 



444 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



MOON, Reuben O., 

Educator, Ijawyer, Stateaman. 

Although born in the State of New 
Jersey, Mr. Moon's ancestors, from 
James Moone, the Quaker, who came 
from Bristol, England, about 1682, down 
to his own generation were residents and 
natives of Bucks county, Pennsylvania. 
The first settlement of the family was 
in Falls township, Bucks county. James 
Moon was a member of the Society of 
Friends, as was his son Roger and his 
family. John, the eldest son of Roger 
Moon, however, married outside the 
church, and he was dropped from mem- 
bership without making any attempt to 
justify himself. 

William, son of John Moon, was also 
a native of Falls township, as was his 
son Aaron Lippincott, father of Reuben 
O. Moon, of the sixth generation in this 
country. Aaron L. Moon was the first 
of this branch to settle outside the limits 
of Falls township, he spending the 
greater part of his life in Burlington 
county, New Jersey, where he became 
one of the leading educators of his day. 
He was born February 10, 1809; married, 
in 1842, Maria Braddock, daughter of 
Abraham and Catherine (Snyder) Os- 
borne, of Burlington county. 

Hon. Reuben O. Moon, son of Aaron 
Lippincott and Maria B. (Osborne) 
Moon, was born in Burlington county. 
New Jersey, July 22, 1847. He was edu- 
cated under the supervision of his father, 
and later graduated from college in 
Pennsylvania in 1875. After graduation 
he filled the. chair of literature and ex- 
pression in his alma mater for a few 
years, during which time he became 
widely known to the literary and educa- 
tional world as a lecturer and educator. 
In 1880, on the death of the president 
of the college, Professor Moon succeeded 
to the presidency, continuing until 1884. 
He had in the meantime prepared for the 



profession of law, and in 1884 was ad- 
mitted to the Philadelphia bar and began 
practice. His rise at the bar was rapid, 
his scholarly attainment in platform ex- 
perience, oratorical ability and untiring 
industry all contributing to his advance- 
ment. He was admitted to the Supreme 
Court of Pennsylvania in 1886, and to 
the Federal courts of his district in 1889, 
and became a recognized leader. 

But it is the Congressional service of 
Mr. Moon that has brought him most 
prominently into the public eye. On 
November 21, 1903, he was elected to 
the Fifty-eighth Congress from the 
Fourth District of Pennsylvania, com- 
prising an important section of Phila- 
delphia, to fill a vacancy caused by the 
death of Hon. Robert H. Foeodere, and 
has since been continuously a member 
of Congress through successive re-elec- 
tion. He has served as chairman and 
member of various important congres- 
sional committees, and is the author of 
more constructive literature than any 
other man for the past half century. 
Among other important measures he is 
the author of the Judiciary Bill passed 
by the Si.xty-first Congress, which he 
spent two years in preparing and perfect- 
ing. To this bill he brought his own 
comprehensive knowledge of the law, 
supplemented by tireless labor, great pa- 
tience and skill. In the House, Mr. Moon 
occupied the floor ten days in the con- 
sideration of the bill. During its prog- 
ress through the House the bill was sub- 
jected to many drastic amendments. 
Strenuous effort was made to introduce 
labor injunction provisions, provisions 
denying the right of courts to punish for 
contempt, provisions to realize the sec- 
ondary boycott, provisions to prevent the 
removal of cases from State to Federal 
courts by corporations on the ground of 
diversity of citizenship, and provisions 
to prevent the Federal court from en- 
joining the officers of a State from en- 



445 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



forcing State laws. The discussion of 
these amendments occupied many days, 
but all were finally defeated. This bill 
made many important changes, and is by 
many lawyers regarded as one of the 
most important pieces of judiciary legis- 
lation enacted in many years. AVeak- 
nesses of the old judicial act of 1789 were 
corrected and new features added. It 
eliminates the circuit court as a court 
of original jurisdiction of courts of first 
instance upon the district court. By this 
act the duties of the circuit judges are 
confined to appellate work in the Cir- 
cuit Court of Appeals, cumbersome ex- 
penses and useless machinery of the ex- 
isting circuit court all abolished, and a 
symmetrical and harmonious judicial sys- 
tem consisting of one court of original 
jurisdiction, an intermediate court of 
appeals, and a court of supreme appel- 
late jurisdiction has been established. 
The bill also provided for the increase 
of salary for the Justices of the United 
States Supreme Court from $13,000 to 
$15,000 per annum; provides for the pay- 
ment of expenses of district and circuit 
judges when holding court or perform- 
ing duties outside of their circuit or dis- 
trict; relieves the Supreme Court of the 
United States of a large amount of its 
present appellate jurisdiction, conferring 
it upon the Circuit Court of Appeals; 
and other important reforms. The pass- 
age of the bill caused a feeling of gen- 
eral rejoicing in the House, and heartiest 
congratulations were extended to Mr. 
Moon. President Taft addressed him as 
follows: "I have just signed the bill, 
making law the new judicial code. This 
is a most important measure. It is the 
result of the hardest work on the part of 
yourself and your colleagues of the joint 
committee for the revision of the laws. 
Every lawyer, every judge and every 
citizen ought to feel deeply grateful to 
you and to them for this reform. But 
for your patience, persistence and parlia- 



mentary experience and knowledge of 
the law and the federal procedure, this 
great accomplishment would have been 
impossible. Accept my gratitude and 
congratulations." To another. President 
Taft said: "This bill is the most im- 
portant passed by Congress in years, and 
I am proud to have it consummated dur- 
ing my administration." His own legal 
home, the Philadelphia bar, "in recogni- 
tion of the very valuable services to the 
profession and administration of the law 
of Hon. Reuben O. Moon as chairman 
of the House committee on revision of 
the laws of the Sixtieth Congress in com- 
pilation and enactment of the revised 
penal code," tendered him a reception at 
the Lawyers' Club, May 18, 1909, on 
which occasion were present not only the 
most prominent members of the Phila- 
delphia bar but also some of the most 
distinguished representatives of the pro- 
fession in the entire country. 

As a lawyer Mr. Moon has also won 
distinction, and his position at the Phila- 
delphia bar is among the leaders. He 
has a most comprehensive technical un- 
derstanding of the law, and is skilful in 
its application, with a pleasing person- 
ality and natural oratorical powers that 
have brought him deserved recognition 
everywhere. He commands a large 
clientele, is attorney for several large 
corporations, and has figured conspicu- 
ously in numerous criminal trials of im- 
portance, winning also many notable 
forensic victories. He is a leading mem- 
ber of the Union League and of the Law- 
yers' Club, an ex-president of the Colum- 
bia Club, and is also a member of the 
Pennsylvania Club and of the Histori- 
cal Society of Pennsylvania. 

Mr. Moon married, in 1876, Mary 
Predmore, of Barnegat, New Jersey. 
Their son, Harold P., is a graduate of the 
law department of the University of 
Pennsylvania, and a rising member of 
the Junior Philadelphia Bar. Their only 



446 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



daughter, Mable M., married Clarence 
A. Mussellman, a prominent business 
man of Philadelphia. 

The fame of Mr. Moon does not rest 
upon a single achievement, but upon a 
life work of constant achievement. As 
an educator and exponent of the art of 
oratory he won distinction ; as a lawyer 
he rose to the highest rank; while as a 
statesman he has great constructive legis- 
lation to his credit ; a man of wide read- 
ing and broad general information and 
an analytical mind, he has gained dis- 
tinction as a close reasoner, his deduc- 
tions following in logical sequence; while 
his gift of oratory enables him to pre- 
sent his points with great effectiveness. 
Still an active worker, there is much yet 
to chronicle of his life work, and the 
importance of what he has done may yet 
be eclipsed by the greatness of future 
performance. 



HASSLER, AMOS, 

Financier. 

Ever since its organization, the Farm- 
er's National Bank of Myerstown has had 
a uniformly successful career and has 
steadily grown in public favor. While 
the management of the bank has been 
excellent, there is a great deal of credit 
due to its youthful cashier, Amos Hass- 
ler, whose courteous treatment of custo- 
mers and prompt business methods has 
made the bank a popular one. 

Mr. Hassler was born in Ephrata, Lan- 
caster county, Pennsylvania, March ii, 
1885, son of Frederick Hassler, a native 
of Berks county, Pennsylvania, and 
Sarah (Miller) Hassler, of Lebanon coun- 
ty, third of a family of six born to his 
parents. He attended the public schools 
of his township until he was fourteen 
years of age, being then unusually well 
advanced in his studies. At that early 
age he entered business life and began 
his successful connection with financial 



institutions as clerk in the local bank. In 
March, 1903, he took a step upward, en- 
tering the loan department of the Wom- 
elsdorf Union Bank, of Berks county, 
continuing five years. He had an op- 
portunity there to become thoroughly 
conversant with banking methods and 
financiering; so well known had he be- 
come in banking circles that he received 
an offer to become cashier of the First 
National Bank of Intercourse, Lancaster 
county, an offer that he accepted. For 
two years he was cashier of that bank, 
showing the expected ability that gained 
him the appointment. 

In 1910 he resigned his position of 
cashier and with the assistance of local 
capitalists organized the Farmer's Na- 
tional Bank of Myerstown, which opened 
its doors for business August 8, 1910, 
with Amos Hassler as cashier. He is 
thoroughly posted on the laws governing 
finance and financial institutions, and has 
a personality that draws to him a 
great many friends. He is a Republican 
in politics and a member of the Lutheran 
church. He is connected with a number 
of fraternal orders : Conestoga Council, 
Royal Arcanum, at Lancaster; the My- 
erstown Lodge, No. 358, Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows ; he is also a mem- 
ber and one of the organizers of the My- 
erstown Agricultural Association, and 
the Myerstown Board of Trade, and 
holds official relation with them. 

He married, July i, 1908, Edith D., 
daughter of Oliver and Kate E. Noll. 
They have an only child : Willis Fred- 
erick, born in l\Iyerstown, February 5, 
1911. 

Thus successfully launched on his life- 
work, the future holds for Mr. Hassler 
bright promises of a brilliant career as 
a financier and useful business man. He 
has the confidence of his banking as- 
sociates and the good will of his com- 
munity, valuable assets, and secured only 
through true merit. 



447 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



CORSON, John Jacobs, 

Man of AJIalrs. 

Identified for many years with the busi- 
ness interests of Norristown, John Jacobs 
Corson was a citizen nvhose death was felt 
as a distinct loss throughout the whole 
community. A business man whose prin- 
ciples and whose practice were alike pat- 
.terned along the highest stands, he stood 
in the town he had chosen for his resi- 
dence as one of the best types of Ameri- 
can citizenship. The influence of such 
men reaches beyond the confines of the 
immediate neighborhood in which they 
live and adds its quota to the current of 
the national life. Each one of such men 
leaves after him a legacy of benefit to 
succeeding generations, making more de- 
sirable the life of the every day man in 
these commonwealths separated by so 
few generations from the solitude of the 
wilderness. 

Coming from a family of English ori- 
gin, Mr. Corson was able to trace his an- 
cestry to colonial times, and to point to 
many a member of the stock who had 
rendered notable service in the upbuild- 
ing of the new republic. The first an- 
cestor in this country was Cornelius Cor- 
son, who immigrated to America in 1685, 
in a vessel bound for South Carolina, the 
passengers being principally French 
Huguenots from La Vendee, France, but 
for some unknown reason the vessel 
landed at Staten Island. Among his chil- 
dren was a son, Benjamin Corson, who 
removed to Bucks county, Pennsylvania, 
from Staten Island, about the year 1726. 
Charles Corson, a great-grandson of this 
Benjamin, was the father of John Jacobs 
Corson, with whom the present narrative 
is concerned. 

Charles Corson was born in 1801, on 
the old homestead, in Montgomery 
county, and there for over forty years 
he resided, at the junction of Skippack 
and Perkiomen creeks, in Lower Provi- 



dence township, Montgomery county. 
He was an ardent anti-slavery man, and 
an efficient agent of the "Underground 
Railroad." Charles Corson married Sarah 
Egbert, and their son, John Jacobs, was 
born at Areola, Pennsylvania, January 5, 
1839, and died in Norristown, December 
2, 1911. 

Having had the good fortune to come 
of excellent ancestry, John Jacobs Corson 
was further to be envied in being born 
on a farm and having the training in 
bodily exercises and in all those experi- 
ences that go to the making of a whole- 
some, virile and well-balanced character, 
which is so frequently the result of a 
country upbringing. It would be an in- 
teresting investigation to find how large 
a proportion of men who have made their 
mark upon their time have been country- 
bred boys. With the advantages of such 
surroundings, and the opportunities of 
the country schools of the neighborhood, 
young Corson grew up to manhood. 
Versed in the large questions that were 
then agitating the nation at a momentous 
period of her history, it was inevitable 
when the storm broke and war was de- 
clared between the two sections, that, 
like so many thousands of the lads of 
the day, he should enlist upon the side 
of his upbringing. We find him there- 
fore serving in that conflict as clerk to 
his brother, Richard R. Corson, who was 
quartermaster under General Gregg in 
the Fourth Regiment, Pennsylvania Vol- 
unteers. In December, 1865, at the con- 
clusion of his military service, John Ja- 
cobs Corson came to Norristown, Penn- 
sylvania, and there took up his residence 
in the house at the corner of Cherry and 
Main streets, which he made his home 
until his death. 

Here he entered into the real estate 
business, and soon won the recognition 
of the community as an able financier 
and an acute and upright business man. 
His ability and practical sagacity soon 



448 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



placed him among the leaders of the 
town, and it was not long before he be- 
came one of the most prominent citizens. 
He made himself so expert in all matters 
of real estate and conveyancing, that his 
judgment was almost never at fault. He 
was for a time secretary of the Times 
Publishing Company. He was one of 
the founders of Montgomery Trust Com- 
pany, and was one of the directors of the 
company from its incorporation in April, 
1884, until the time of his death. He was 
also, when he died, the last of the charter 
members of the corporation. Mr. Cor- 
son was also interested in the building 
associatioHS and other financial institu- 
tions of the borough of Norristown. He 
was a generous and public-spirited citi- 
zen, giving to objects and men who 
needed his help, but never foolishly or 
for ostentation. Though a Quaker by de- 
scent Mr. Corson had never allied him- 
self with any of the religious bodies. He 
was a member of the Order of the 
Knights of Friendship, and for a time 
of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows. 

Mr. Corson married, April 8, 1872, Re- 
becca, daughter of Henry and Ellen 
(Pawling) Freedley, and great-grand- 
daughter of Joseph Heister, a former 
governor of Pennsylvania. Their chil- 
dren were: i. Ellen (M.D.), married 
Evans W. White. 2. Susan R. (M.D.). 
3. Alice, an artist, married Kenneth S. 
Patton. 4 Jay, married Eleanor Yaekle. 
5. Harry, married Lois Alker. 6. Paula, 
married Paul March. 7. Charles Russell, 
graduate of the University of Pennsyl- 
vania. 8. Dorothy. 



GRAHAM, Harry Lee, 

Itawyer, Public Official. 

Graham is an honored name in Butler, 
Pennsylvania, and one that has ever been 
foremost in the history of that city and 
county. The village was inspired and 



settlement begun on land donated by a 
Graham, while the farm, on which Harry 
Lee Graham first saw the light of day, 
was patented by the government to a 
Graham in 1797, and is still owned in 
the Graham name. 

Harry Lee Graham is a son of the 
late Thomas Graham, of Concord town- 
ship, Butler county, one of the most pro- 
gressive, enterprising and prosperous 
farmers of the county. His farm in Con- 
cord was very fertile and well tilled, 
bearing every proof of the thrift and 
prosperity of its owner. Thomas Graham 
married Nancy Borland, born in But- 
ler county, also of a leading Butler 
county family. He died September 6, 
1912. 

Harry Lee, son of Thomas and Nancy 
(Borland) Graham, was born on the 
Graham homestead in Concord township, 
August 5, 1870. He attended the pub- 
lic schools, finishing his preparatory edu- 
cation at North Washington and West 
Sunbury (Pennsylvania) academies, being 
graduated from the latter institution of 
learning with the class of 1889. He then 
entered the University of Wooster 
(Ohio), whence he was graduated A. B., 
class of 1893, and two years later with 
the degree of A. M. He then entered the 
law office of S. F. Bowser, Esq., of But- 
ler, continuing his studies there until 
December, 1895, when he was ad- 
mitted a member of the Butler county 
bar. 

He at once began the practice of law 
in Butler, and with the exception of a 
brief period has been actively engaged 
in his profession until the present date 
(1913). He has been admitted to prac- 
tice in all State and Federal courts of 
the district and holds honorable position 
at the bar. His practice is large and his 
clientele composed of the best class. He 
is a member of the State and County Bar 
associations, is a learned lawyer, a safe 
counsellor and a skilful, loyal advocate of 



449 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



his clients' cause. He has given much 
time to the public service of his county, 
served as Deputy Prothonotary in 1890 
and for six years was a member of the 
city Board of Auditors. A Republican 
in politics, he has given his party active 
and valuable support. 

In 1900 he served on the county com- 
mittee as secretary. In private life he 
is identified with all movements tending 
to advance the interests of Butler, or to 
better the conditions under which her 
people live. He has been a member of 
the Board of Education since 1907, is at 
present secretary of that board, and has 
been a patent factor in increasing the efifi- 
ciency of the public school system. He 
is a vestryman of St. Peter's Episcopal 
Church, active in parish and church work. 
He is a prominent member of the Illus- 
trious Order Knights of Malta and of 
the Grand Commandery of Pennsylvania ; 
is also a member of Temple Lodge, Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows; Clement 
Encampment of the same order; Knights 
of the Maccabees ; Keystone Camp, No. 
8, Woodmen of the World ; and other 
fraternal and beneficial orders. His club 
is the University of Wooster Club of 
Butler, of which he is a charter member. 
He was also a prime mover and is a 
charter member of the University Club 
of Butler, Pennsylvania, being one of its 
present board of directors, or governors. 

Mr. Graham married, October 10, 1900, 
Julia Stephenson Creigh, daughter of 
William F. and Martha (Wishart) 
Creigh, of Washington county, Pennsyl- 
vania (both deceased). She is the grand- 
daughter of Dr. Alfred Creigh, for many 
years a leading physician and a promi- 
nent citizen of Washington county. Mr. 
and Mrs. Graham have a son, Harry Lee 
Jr. 

The family home is at No. 223 Cecelia 
street, while Mr. Graham conducts his 
law business at his office in the Butler 
County National Bank Building. 



FETTEROLF, Adam H., 

Frominent Educator. 

The late Dr. Adam H. Fetterolf, A.M., 
Ph.D., LL.D., who takes rank among 
our leading educators, was for nearly 
thirty years president of Girard College, 
an institution which is known to be the 
greatest individual charity on this Con- 
tinent. 

He was born at Perkiomen, Mont- 
gomery county, Pennsylvania, November 
24, 1841, and was descended from a 
long line of Dutch and Swiss ancestry. 
His parents were Gideon and Elizabeth 
Fetterolf, the latter being a daughter of 
Valentine Hunsicker, who emigrated 
from Switzerland to America in 1717. This 
man's son Henry, and later his grand- 
son George, were bishops in the Men- 
nonite church. 

Dr. Fetterolf's boyhood was spent on 
his father's farm. There was nothing 
remarkable about the personality of the 
boy during these early years — nothing 
to indicate especial ability along the 
lines by which his career later shaped 
itself, but he possessed the qualities that 
always win. "He was most patient, per- 
severing and diligent" was the way in 
which an old teacher summed up his boy- 
hood character. He first attended school 
about the time Pennsylvania adopted a 
free educational system. In 1855 his 
father moved to Collegeville. Here he 
received instruction at Freeland Semi- 
nary, paying for his tuition by teaching 
in the public school and doing other 
work. This he alternated with study 
until he had mastered Latin, Greek and 
tnathematics as well as other common 
branches. When twenty years old he 
was appointed Professor of Mathematics 
at the seminary, an unusual honor for 
one so young. 

It was known to only a few of his in- 
timate friends that at the time of Lee's 
invasion of Pennsylvania Dr. Fetterolf,. 



450 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



then a young man of twenty-three, en- 
listed and served as a private in Com- 
pany C, 34th Regiment Pennsylvania 
Volunteers. After this short interrup- 
tion he resumed his work as teacher, be- 
coming principal of Freeland Seminary 
and conducting his work there with great 
success. Later he was associated with 
the Rev. Dr. Wells in the ownership and 
management of Andalusia College, in 
Bucks county, until the death of the lat- 
ter in 1871. He then assumed full 
charge and continued as president until 
1880. At this time the Board of City 
Trusts of Philadelphia elected him vice- 
president of Girard College. Dr. Wil- 
liam H. Allen was president at this time, 
but upon his death, in 1882, Dr. Fetterolf 
became his successor. 

Well-defined qualities of a high order 
are required for the government of an in- 
stitution like Girard College. The presi- 
dent must stand in place of father to 
nearly two thousand orphan boys. He 
must have great executive ability in or- 
der to discipline firmly and tactfully, and 
to wisely lay the foundation of the fu- 
tures of so many. He demonstrated that 
he was eminently fitted for his work. He 
possessed the charm of a genial, quiet, 
well-balanced character, pleasing ad- 
dress, an impressive presence and that 
subtle faculty that wins the confidence 
and respect of boys. His ideas as a 
teacher were progressive and always 
created a spirit of interest and enthusi- 
asm among his students. While trained 
as a teacher. Dr. Fetterolf was neither a 
narrow-minded pedagog nor a self- 
opinionated doctrinaire. He was a man 
of wide reading and extensive acquaint- 
ance with men who do things, and he 
possessed a keen perception of the place 
which Girard College might occupy as a 
school and a home. He gave himself 
fully to those committed to his charge, 
attending not only to their material 



needs, but never failing them as coun- 
sellor and friend. 

His ability in the field of education was 
widely known and from time to time 
was given public recognition. Lafayette 
College conferred upon him the degrees 
of A.M. and Ph.D., while Delaware Col- 
lege honored him as LL.D. In 1887 
Governor Beaver made him one of a 
board of five state commissioners ap- 
pointed to inquire into industrial educa- 
tion. He was a member of the Histori- 
cal Society of Pennsylvania, the Amer- 
ican Academy of Political and Social Sci- 
ence, and the Art, City, Geographical 
and Contemporary clubs. He was also 
a trustee of Ursinus College. 

In 1909, owing to his exacting duties. 
Dr. Fetterolf's health began to fail. His 
physicians advised a year's rest, but 
rather than leave the college so long 
without a head, he tendered his resigna- 
tion to the Board which had elected him, 
requesting that it might take effect the 
following January, 1910. Unavailing ef- 
forts were made to induce him to recon- 
sider his decision. In resigning he said, 
"Our aim has been to keep abreast of the 
times; to take up a new idea not because 
it is new, but because it is good ; and to 
abandon old methods and systems not 
because they are old, but because they 
are no longer the best. We believe in 
steady progress rather than in hasty re- 
form." Replying to this letter, the Board 
of City Trusts accepted his resignation 
with regret and with the assurance of 
warm personal regard and high appreci- 
ation of his services. After his retire- 
ment he was a frequent visitor to the 
educational and philanthropic institu- 
tions in which he was interested, though 
the condition of his health forbade his 
being active in social life. He died after 
a short illness, December i, 1912. 

Dr. Fetterolf was twice married. His 
first wife was a daughter of George 



451 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Hergesheimer, of Germantown. She 
died leaving two sons. In 1883 he mar- 
ried Laura M. Mangam, daughter of a 
prominent New York merchant. At his 
death he was survived by his widow and 
two sons, Dr. George, a physician, and 
Edwin H., architect, both graduates of 
the University of Pennsylvania. 

Dr. Fetterolf was an example of a 
high type of manhood and of citizen- 
ship, and he strove at all times with all 
the means at his command to inculcate 
high principles and noble resolves. As 
a benefactor to his country and his peo- 
ple, he filled an important place, and, as 
is the case with all such individuals who 
spend their powers in uplifting others, 
his influence is and will continue to be a 
power for good. Perhaps no more beau- 
tiful tribute could be paid to his charac- 
ter than that contained in the resolu- 
tions sent to him by the Girard Alumni 
at the time of his resignation, which we 
publish herewith : 

"Whereas, Dr. Adam H. Fetterolf has re- 
cently retired from the Presidency of Girard 
College, after a tenure of office covering a period 
of nearly thirty years, during which time he has 
devoted himself untiringly to the best interests of 
that institution, and whereas, as former pupils of 
the college, we are desirous of expressing our ap- 
preciation of the great work so grandly carried 
on by Dr. Fetterolf during his encumbency of the 
Presidency, and our profound gratitude for the 
years of wise counsel and watchful care exer- 
cised over us by him ; now, therefore, be it re- 
solved, that we convey to Dr. Fetterolf an ex- 
pression of our admiration for the wonderful re- 
sults attained by him during his many years in 
office ; our appreciation — shared by thousands of 
Girard boys throughout the country — of the 
kindly interest manifested by him in each and 
every one of us ; and our feeling of lasting grati- 
tude to him for teaching us by his own day to 
day living, that which constitutes the highest type 
of a christian gentleman ; and, be it further re- 
solved, that we extend to Dr. Fetterolf our heart- 
iest, sincerest wishes that he may be spared for 
many years to enjoy the fruits of a life service so 
grandly conceived and so nobly carried out." 



SCHWAB, Charles M., 

steel Magnate, Fimanoier. 

Charles Michael Schwab, steel mag- 
nate, financier and captain of industry, 
exemplifies in his career the fact that not 
only is the age of opportunity not gone, 
but that with brains, industry and cour- 
age greater and quicker success is now 
possible than ever before. He was born 
in Williamsburg, Blair county, Pennsyl- 
vania, February 18, 1862. While he was 
still a small boy the family removed to 
Loretto, Cambria county, Pennsylvania, 
where he was educated in a local school 
and at St. Francis College. 

His father kept one of the village 
stores, and the son for a time drove a 
coach between Loretto and Cresson Sta- 
tion, his father having a contract for 
carrying the mail. From Loretto he 
went to Braddock, Pennsylvania, and 
found work in a grocery store. The pat- 
ronage of the store came from the work- 
ers in the Edgar Thomson Steel Works 
at Braddock, owned by Carnegie Broth- 
ers & Company. His salary was mea- 
ger and the work uncongenial, but he did 
it well and willingly. The whirl and 
bustle of the steel works attracted him, 
and, as he had a turn for mechanics, he 
longed for an opportunity to go into the 
mill and become a factor in its progress 
and development. He wanted to be a 
civil engineer, and he sought every 
means to learn about the methods and 
processes in the mill. Among the cus- 
tomers of the store was Captain William 
R. Jones, then superintendent of the Ed- 
gar Thomson Steel Works of the Car- 
negie Company, whose important share 
in the development of the modern steel 
industry and remarkable genius as an 
organizer and leader of men makes him 
one of the best remembered men in the 
history of steel making. 

Captain Jones was impressed by the 
young grocery clerk's energy and intel- 



452 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ligence, and when he heard of his desire 
to become connected with the mill, asked 
him if he would take a job driving stakes 
at a dollar a day. He would, and he 
did, but not for long. Captain Jones was 
unsurpassed as a judge of a man's work- 
ing capacity, and soon discovered the 
indications of the mechanical genius and 
capacity for the management of men 
which were the great factors in Mr. 
Schwab's later successes. So the young 
man was given new and greater respon- 
sibilities month by month, cheerfully as- 
suming every task assigned him, tire- 
less, studious, cheerful. At each new 
station he learned new details of steel 
making and steel works management. In 
about six months from the day he be- 
gan his dollar-a-day job as a stake driver, 
he was superintendent of the Edgar 
Thomson Steel Works, then the fore- 
most steel-making plant in existence. 
In seven years he was at the head of the 
engineering department of the Carnegie 
Company. The great Homestead Steel 
Works plant, erected under his super- 
vision and in accordance with his plans, 
was so arranged as to be a practically 
continuous mill, so that the raw mate- 
rials went in at one end and the finished 
products came out at the other. 

On the death of Captain Jones, 
through a tragic accident in the Edgar 
Thomson Steel Works, Mr. Schwab was 
appointed superintendent of that plant, 
and in 1892, when the Homestead Steel 
Works plant was reopened after the his- 
toric strike, Mr. Schwab was made sup- 
erintendent of that plant also. At that 
particular period the Homestead Steel 
Works presented a problem in the man- 
agement of men such as has seldom 
pressed upon any man for solution. Mr. 
Schwab proved to be a genius of organ- 
ization and of administrative tact, and 
his work then and afterwards was so 
thorough in the management of machin- 
ery and of men that in 1896 he was made 



a member of the board of managers of 
the Carnegie Company, and the follow- 
ing year was elected its president. He 
had thus at the age of thirty-four be- 
come the chief executive of what was 
then the greatest manufacturing corpo- 
ration in America, and had attained that 
place in fifteen years from a beginning 
as a dollar-a-day stake driver. He had 
won the place, for in all the thousands 
that had entered the Carnegie employ 
he had developed the best knowledge of 
machinery and men. The years of his 
employ had been the years when the 
minds and energies of all the leaders in 
the industry had been chiefly directed 
towards the problem of making more 
steel and better steel, and making it 
faster. In the solution of this problem 
it was Mr. Schwab who had achieved the 
best practical results, and the presidency 
of the Carnegie Company was the prize 
he had gained in that competition. 

As president, he made the position of 
the Company stronger and stronger, and 
its dominance of the steel situation more 
and more complete. Smaller concerns 
were combined into large concerns whose 
prize and power were still of no avail as 
compared with the impregnable position 
in relation to raw materials, to modern 
equipment and to skillful management 
held by the Carnegie Company, with 
Charles M. Schwab, foremost among the 
world's practical steel-makers, at the 
head of the corporation. 

When the astute business men who had 
for years been engaged in combining 
rival plants in order to become success- 
ful rivals of the Carnegie corporation 
found how futile their endeavors were 
in this direction, and realized that the 
purchase of the Carnegie interests was 
necessary for their success, it was Mr. 
Schwab who was the intermediary be- 
tween Mr. Carnegie and the other par- 
ties to the bargain, and whose cogent 
arguments persuaded the other negoti- 



453 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ators to pay the price, which at first they 
had regarded as absolutely prohibitive, 
at which the Carnegie interests were of- 
fered. When the consolidation was ef- 
fected, Mr. Schwab, at the age of thirty- 
nine, became president of the world's 
greatest corporation, with an annual sal- 
ary of $100,000. For this corporation 
Mr. Schwab organized the most gigan- 
tic working force and the most com- 
plete industrial system ever put together 
in the service of a private corporation. 
When after three years he resigned the 
presidency, he left this magnificent work- 
ing organization in perfect order, and 
he still retains large personal interests 
in the United States Steel Corporation 
and its subsidiary companies. 

After leaving the presidency of that 
corporation, Mr. Schwab obtained a con- 
trolling interest in the Bethlehem Steel 
Corporation, of which he is now presi- 
dent and also chairman of the board of 
directors. The Bethlehem plant, as Mr. 
Schwab came to it, was the creation of 
John Fritz, who from an insignificant 
rail mill had built it up to one of the 
most magnificent steel plants in the 
world. Intrusted by Secretary W. C. 
Whitney of the Navy Department with 
contracts for guns and armor plates for 
the new navy, it had become an estab- 
lished leader in that special branch of 
the industry and so continues ; but since 
coming under control of Mr. Schwab it 
has become no less noted for the com- 
pleteness of its equipment and the ex- 
cellence of its output in rails, structural 
steel, forgings, castings, gas engines, 
power machinery, tool steel, bar steel 
and iron, special alloy, crucible steel, and 
other branches of the industry. It is 
conducted on entirely independent lines 
and is notably successful. 

Mr. Schwab is a director of the Car- 
negie Steel Company, the H. C. Frick 
Coke Company, American Locomotive 
Company, National Tube Company, 



Bethlehem Steel Corporation, National 
Tube Works Company, Minnesota Iron 
Company, Empire Trust Company, Chi- 
cago Pneumatic Tool Company, Elgin, 
Joliet and Eastern Railway Company, 
Tonopah Extension Mining Company, 
Lehigh Valley Transit Company and 
other corporations. 

He has generously given out of his 
fortune to various benevolent objects. 
Loretto, the home of his boyhood, has al- 
ways been held by him in affectionate 
remembrance, and there he has built a 
magnificent Catholic church, and a con- 
vent house at Cresson, Pennsylvania ; 
and, remembering the abominable road 
over which he used to drive stage in his 
boyhood, he had a first-class highway 
constructed between the two places 
which represents the most improved ideas 
of modern road-making. He has given 
a church to Braddock, Pennsylvania, has 
built and equipped an industrial school 
at Homestead, Pennsylvania, a school at 
Weatherly, Pennsylvania, an auditorium 
at State College, Pennsylvania, a recre- 
ation park and school for children at 
Staten Island, besides other benefactions 
which never got into print. He has a 
residence in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, a 
summer home in Loretto, Pennsylvania, 
and a city home in New York which is 
one of the most magnificent triumphs of 
architecture in America, and occupies the 
most desirable location on the far-famed 
Riverside Drive. 

He married, at Loretto, Pennsylvania, 
in 1883, Emma Dinkey. 



ELKINS, William Mclntyre, 
Man of Iiarge Affairs. 

The Elkins family of Philadelphia and 
Virginia are of old Colonial and Revo- 
lutionary lineage. In the present they 
are among the great business men of 
the day, leaders in their several special 
activities as they have been for genera- 



454 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tions. This biography begins with the 
life of William Lukens Elkins, whose 
wonderful business career is well within 
the memory of the present generation. 
William Lukens Elkins, seventh child 
and youngest son of George and Susanna 
(Howell) Elkins, was born near Wheel- 
ing, West Virginia, May 2, 1832, died at 
his country seat at Elkins Park, Pennsyl- 
vania, November 7, 1903, and is buried 
at Laurel Hill Cemetery. In 1840 he 
accompanied his parents on their return 
to Philadelphia, where he received his 
education. In 1853, on attaining his ma- 
jority, he formed a co-partnership with 
Peter Sayboldt, under the firm name of 
Sayboldt & Elkins, commission mer- 
chants, which business later passed un- 
der the control of Mr. Elkins, and was 
disposed of by him at the outbreak of 
the civil war. In 1863 he was attracted 
to the oil regions, where already men of 
brains and enterprise were reaping rich 
reward in drawing from the fruitful 
storehouses of nature a product even 
then of high value, but destined to be- 
come one of the great staples of the 
world. In these regions and in con- 
junction with the boldest and most suc- 
cessful operators, Mr. Elkins labored for 
some years, organizing many companies, 
sinking many wells and producing petro- 
leum in large quantities. He was quick 
to perceive that the refining of oil for 
illuminating purposes could be made a 
profitable industry if conducted on a suf- 
ficiently large scale to warrant extensive 
purchases of the crude material, and its 
manufacture under economical condi- 
tions, and to this end he established a 
plant in Philadelphia, to which he soon 
added the works of several rivals, until 
finally the Belmont Oil Works were 
leased, and the absolute control of the 
oil-refining business in Philadelphia was 
secured. Mr. Elkins pushed this indus- 
try in other places than Philadelphia. 
At one time he owned the Riverside Oil 



Refining Works on the Allegheny river, 
and in 1876 he sold a half-interest in his 
business to the Standard Oil Company, 
disposing of his remaining interest to 
them in 1880. 

He then turned his attention to street 
railways as an investment, embarking 
largely of his capital in the stock of 
Philadelphia companies. Believing that 
a consolidation of these roads would lead 
to better services at a reduced cost of 
operation, he was instrumental in bring- 
ing about the organization of the Phila- 
delphia Traction Company, which em- 
braced a majority of the street railways 
of the city, and later of the Union Trac- 
tion Company, since leased to the Rapid 
Transit Company, but which at the time 
of leasing embraced complete control of 
all the roads. His success in the street 
railway field in Philadelphia prompted 
him to invest in other cities, with the 
result that in a few years he became 
heavily interested in the street railways 
of New York, Baltimore, Pittsburgh, 
Chicago and other centers of population. 
He was also a leading spirit in organ- 
izing the United Gas Improvement Com- 
pany of Philadelphia, which giant cor- 
poration controls not only the lighting 
of Philadelphia, but has many more 
plants for the manufacture of illuminat- 
ing gas in different cities. 

With such wide and well-tested ex- 
perience, and after such brilliant suc- 
cesses, it was quite natural that Mr. El- 
kins should become known and respect- 
ed in business circles, and a power in the 
industrial world. Many corporations 
sought to obtain his valuable services as 
an officer or a member of the board of 
directors, but he contented himself with 
assuming duties of this character in those 
with which he was identified by his own 
choice. 

Some years before his death he turned 
his attention to real estate investments 
in Philadelphia and vicinity, and in com- 



455 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



pany with his esteemed friend and busi- 
ness associate, Mr. P. A. B. Widener, of 
Philadelphia, purchased large tracts of 
land in the northern section, and erected 
several thousand houses, a development 
in line with the unique system of a home 
for every family which obtains in Phila- 
delphia, noted throughout the land as a 
"City of Homes." 

Mr. Elkins was deeply interested in 
the advancement of art in the United 
States, and instituted a prize of $5,000 
for the most meritorious painting ex- 
hibited by an American artist at the 
Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. 
His own gallery was one of the finest in 
Philadelphia, and contained many noted 
examples of the old masters, and choice 
selections from the works of leading 
modern ones. In 1900 he issued in two 
quarto volumes a sumptuous de luxe 
catalogue of his collection containing en- 
graved copies of one hundred and thirty- 
two paintings. 

While he ever took a keen interest in 
public affairs, he never sought public of- 
fice, nor did he hold such, with the ex- 
ception of a seat in common councils of 
Philadelphia in the Centennial year ; 
aide-de-camp, with rank of colonel, on 
the stafif of Governor Hartranft; and a 
commissioner to represent Philadelphia 
at the International Expositions at Vi- 
enna in 1873 and at Paris in 1900. 

He was for many years a member of 
the Board of City Trusts, which body 
has in charge the management of the 
famous Girard Estate ; was an active pro- 
moter and director of the Pennsylvania 
Commercial Museums, of the National 
Export Exposition in 1899, and for over 
twenty years a director of the Pennsyl- 
vania Railroad. He was also in the di- 
rectorate of many other large corpora- 
tions, among which may be named : The 
Philadelphia and Erie, Schuylkill Valley, 
and Fort Pitt Railroad companies ; the 
Union Traction Company of Philadel- 



phia, the Consolidated Traction Com- 
pany of New Jersey, the Metropolitan 
Traction Company of New York, the 
Baltimore Traction Company, the Phila- 
delphia Company of Pittsburgh, the West 
Side and North Traction companies of 
Chicago, the United Gas Improvement 
Company of Philadelphia, the Electric 
Company of America, the Electric Stor- 
age Battery Company, the Continental 
Tobacco Company, the American Surety 
Company, the Fourth Street National 
Bank of Philadelphia, the Land Title and 
Trust Company and Commercial Trust 
Company of Philadelphia. He was also 
a member of the Fairmount Park Art 
Association, Union League, Art and 
Country clubs of Philadelphia, German- 
town Cricket Club, Maryland Club of 
Baltimore, Manhattan Club of New 
York, and the Historical, Genealogical 
and Colonial Societies of Pennsylvania. 

Upon his death, one of the leading 
newspapers of his home city thus men- 
tioned him: "By the death of William 
L. Elkins, Philadelphia has lost one of 
its most widely known citizens. With- 
out any assistance given him at the be- 
ginning of his career other than that 
which comes from restless energy and 
the ability to perform and grasp promis- 
ing opportunities for advancement, he 
became one of the leading financiers of 
the country and reached the front rank 
in the direction of great enterprises. His 
business versatility enabled him to give 
personal attention to very many varied 
activities, success in any one of which 
would have stamped him a man of re- 
markable achievement. . . . Few Amer- 
icans have reached the commanding 
place he occupied in the business world. 
In this sphere and in the wide circle of 
his devoted personal friendships he will 
be missed." 

Mr. Elkins was an Episcopalian, a pew- 
holder in Christ Church, Philadelphia, 
and a vestryman of St. Paul's, Elkins 



456 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Park. He was a quiet but generous giver 
to charitable and philanthropic objects, 
and among his benefactions was the gift 
of a liberal sum for the erection of the 
present home of the Bucks County His- 
torical Society at Doylestown. By his 
will he made provision for the founding 
of a home in Philadelphia for the or- 
phans of the members of the Masonic 
order, which provision became inopera- 
tive under the law on account of the will 
being executed within thirty days of his 
death, but his family carried out his in- 
tentions by erecting "The William L. El- 
kins Masonic Orphanage for Girls of 
Pennsylvania," at Broad Street and the 
Boulevard, at a cost of several hundred 
thousand dollars. 

Mr. Elkins married, January 21, 1857, 
Maria Louise Broomall, born August 30, 
1832, daughter of James Broomall, of 
Chester county, Pennsylvania, and his 
wife, Rachel (Baker) Broomall. Mrs. 
Elkins was descended from John Broom- 
all, who came to Pennsylvania the same 
year in which William Penn first arrived, 
and from George Maris, many years a 
member of the Pennsylvania Assembly, 
and in 1693 of the Provincial Council, and 
Henry Hayes, Esq., also a member of 
the Assembly, and from 1717 until 1740, 
one of the justices of the Courts of Ches- 
ter county. 

Mrs. Elkins was a member of the Phila- 
delphia Chapter of the Daughters of the 
American Revolution, of the Pennsylva- 
nia Society of the Colonial Dames of 
America and of various boards of Phila- 
delphia's philanthropic and educational 
institutions. She died June 6, 1910. 

George W., eldest son of William Lu- 
kens Elkins, was born in Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania, August 26, 1858. After 
completing a liberal education he entered 
upon a business career, becoming one of 
Philadelphia's most active and prosper- 
ous business men. Since the death of his 
father he has practically withdrawn from 



other business enterprises to care for im- 
portant trusts that have devolved upon 
him, one being the management of the 
Elkins Estate, left by his father. He was 
president of the Elkins Gas and Coal 
Company, treasurer of the Elkins Manu- 
facturing and Gas Company, and holds 
directorships in the Land Title and Trust 
Company, the Union Traction Company, 
the Vulcanite Portland Cement Company 
and other corporations. He is a member 
of Harmony Lodge, No. 52, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, of which his father was 
also a member. His clubs are the Art, 
Union League, Racquet, Bachelors, 
Barge, Corinthian Yacht, Philadelphia 
Cricket, all of Philadelphia; the Hunt- 
ingdon Valley Country and the Metro- 
politan of New York. Residence, Elkins 
Park, Pennsylvania. 

He married, November 17, 1881, Stella 
E., daughter of Colonel John K. Mcln- 
tyre, a leading banker and capitalist of 
Dayton, Ohio, and his wife, Evaline (Von 
Tuyl) Mclntyre. Mrs. Stella E. Elkins 
is a member of the Acorn Club, Philadel- 
phia ; Philadelphia Chapter, Daughters of 
the American Revolution, and other 
leading social and philanthropic societies. 
Children: i. William Mclntyre, men- 
tioned below. 2. Stella Von Tuyl, born 
March 16, 1884; married George Fred- 
erick, son of Sidney Frederick Tyler and 
his first wife ; he was a graduate at Har- 
vard University, class of 1905, now en- 
gaged in the banking business ; he is a 
member of the Philadelphia, Racquet. 
Philadelphia Cricket, Harvard and other 
clubs ; children : Sidney, Frederick, Molly 
Elkins Tyler. 3. George W., born March 
3, 1886; now engaged in extensive farm- 
ing operations ; he is a member of the 
Union League and Racquet clubs of 
Philadelphia and of the Huntingdon Val- 
ley Country Club ; he married Natalie C, 
daughter of Caleb F. Fox; child, Stella E. 
Elkins. 4. Louise Broomall, born April 



457 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



12, 1890; married Wharton, son of Dr. 
Wharton Sinkler. 

William Mclntyre, eldest son of George 
W. Elkins, was born in Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania, November 3, 1882. He was 
graduated at Harvard University, class of 
1905. He at once entered business life 
and is a member of Elkins, Morris & 
Company, bankers and brokers, Land, 
Title and Trust Building, Philadelphia. 
His clubs are the Union League, Mark- 
ham, Racquet, Harvard and the Hunting- 
don Valley Country. He married Eliza- 
beth Wolcott, daughter of Bayard and 
Anna (Cotton) Tuckerman, of Boston, 
Massachusetts ; children : William Luk- 
ens, Elizabeth Wolcott, George W. 



HUNT, Azor R., 

Prominent in Steel Industry. 

The greatness of Pittsburgh is the 
natural result of an unsurpassed citizen- 
ship — a citizenship largely composed of 
men in whom the initiative spirit is a 
strong and dominant element, and who, 
in directing business affairs of mammoth 
proportions and importance, contribute to 
the development and upbuilding of the 
city. Prominent among these "captains 
of industry" stands Azor R. Hunt, gen- 
eral superintendent of the Homestead 
Steel Works of the Carnegie Steel Com- 
pany. Mr. Hunt has been, for a quarter 
of a century, actively associated with the 
leading interests of the Pittsburgh dis- 
trict. 

Azor R. Hunt was born August 22, 
1848, in Mahoning, Ohio, a son of Horace 
and Galatea (Ruggles) Hunt, whose an- 
cestors migrated from Connecticut to the 
Western Reserve. The boy was educated 
in the public schools of his native place, 
and at the age of twenty went to War- 
ren, Ohio, where he apprenticed himself 
to the Warren Machine Company. De- 
voting himself assiduously to the mastery 
of every detail of the business, he became 



so thoroughly familiar with it that he was 
appointed travelling salesman and super- 
intendent of construction, positions 
which, for several years, he filled most 
creditably. 

In 1887 Mr. Hunt was made night fore- 
man of the structural department of the 
Homestead Steel Works of the Carnegie 
Company, a position involving great re- 
sponsibility, arduous labor and complete 
knowledge of the business. The knowl- 
edge he possessed, his industry and abil- 
ity, were equal to the labor, and these 
combined enabled him to discharge the 
responsibilities and led to his rapid and 
steady advancement. Within six months 
he became assistant to the superintendent 
of construction at the thirty-two-inch 
mill, and upon the completion of that 
mill was made a roller, in which capacity 
he worked for three years. When Thomas 
Morrison was sent to Duquesne, Mr. 
Hunt was made superintendent of the 
thirty-two-inch mill at Homestead, and 
in April, 1894, was advanced to the posi- 
tion of superintendent of the plate de- 
partment, comprising the one hundred 
and nineteen thirty-two-inch mills, the 
forty-eight-inch universal, the one hun- 
dred and twenty-eight-inch plate, the 
forty-two-inch universal and the thirty- 
inch slabbing mills. His success secured 
for him the superintendency of the Du- 
quesne Steel Works, and when A. C. Din- 
key was made president of the Carnegie 
Company, Mr. Hunt succeeded him at 
Homestead. This is one of the most im- 
portant positions within the gift of the 
Carnegie Company, but Mr. Hunt pos- 
sesses in large measure that intense en- 
ergy which vitalizes all with which it 
comes in contact, and this, united with 
rare business ability, has enabled him to 
discharge with the utmost efficiency the 
duties of his commanding office. He is 
a director of the Carnegie Steel Company, 
of the First National Bank of Homestead, 



458 




Cy^y-it-^ -^ /^iC^ -vWV 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and director and vice-president of the 
Monongahela Trust Company. 

In politics Mr. Hunt is a Republican, 
and though he has never consented to 
hold office he has nevertheless been some- 
what active in political circles, ever giv- 
ing loyal support to measures calculated 
to benefit the city and promote its rapid 
and substantial development. Widely but 
unostentatiously charitable, no good work 
done in the name of philanthropy or re- 
ligion seeks his cooperation in vain. He 
belongs to several fraternal organizations, 
and is a thirty-third degree Mason. He 
is an adherent of the Episcopal church, 
and a member of the Duquesne Club, 
American Iron and Steel Institute, and 
Carnegie Veterans Association. 

In regard to Mr. Hunt's personal ap- 
pearance it is sufficient to say that he 
looks the man he is — alert, aggressive, 
intensely energetic, with a clear, piercing 
eye, strong, finely-cut features and a bear- 
ing indicative of the sturdy will which, 
in conjunction with sterling integrity, has 
formed the basis of his success. He is, 
moreover, endowed with those personal 
qualities which wfn friends easily and 
hold them long. 

Mr. Hunt married Emma J. Christianar, 
daughter of Henry and Elizabeth Chris- 
tianar, of Warren, Ohio, and they are the 
parents of three children : Harry C. ; Flor- 
ence A., who married Alfred C. Howell, 
of Cincinnati, Ohio; and Frederick L. 
Mrs. Hunt, a woman of rare wifely quali- 
ties, is admirably fitted by her excellent 
practical mind to be a helpmate to her 
husband in his ambitions and aspirations. 
The family residence is one of the most 
attractive at Homestead. 

Despite the fact that Azor R. Hunt is 
a Pittsburgher by adoption, no one born 
within the limits of the Iron City is more 
thoroughly imbued with her spirit. He 
is emphatically a doer, expressing him- 
self in deeds rather than words. He has 
always been too busy to talk about his 



achievements, but they speak for him 
with an eloquence not to be misunder- 
stood. 



REEDER, General Frank, 

Soldier, Lawyer, Public Official. 

The penning of the narrative that fol- 
lows comes to the writer as a pleasant 
task, for he was a comrade-in-arms with 
General Frank Reeder in the Civil War 
operations on the Mississippi river, and 
was intimately acquainted with the his- 
tory of the illustrious sire of General 
Reeder, Governor Andrew H. Reeder. 

The Reeder family was of early ap- 
pearance in America, and was planted by 
John Reeder, who came from Norfolk, 
England, previous to 1656, and settled in 
Springfield, Massachusetts, in 1656, and 
settled in Newtown, Long Island, in 1662. 
His son, John, located in Ewing, New Jer- 
sey, and married Hannah, daughter of 
Jeremiah Burroughs. Their son, Isaac, 
purchased a farm upon which he lived 
and which is yet in the possession of his 
descendants. By his second marriage, 
with Joanna Hunt, Isaac Reeder became 
the father of John, who married Hannah 
Mershon (Marchand) afterwards cor- 
rupted in spelling to its present form. Of 
the latter marriage was born Absalom 
Reeder, who made his home in Easton, 
Pennsylvania, where (October 16, 1788) 
he married Christiana Smith, and they be- 
came the parents of Governor Andrew H. 
Reeder, who bore so mighty a part in the 
preservation of Kansas to freedom. 

Andrew Horatio Reeder was born at 
Easton, Pennsylvania, July 12, 1807. Be- 
ginning his education in the public 
schools of his native place, he graduated 
with honor from the Lawrenceville (New 
Jersey) Academy. He read law under 
the preceptorship of Hon. Peter Ihrie, a 
distinguished attorney of Easton, and pn 
attaining his majority was admitted to the 
bar of Northampton county, Pennsylva- 



459 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



nia. He took high rank in his profes- 
sion, and was for some years associated 
in practice with Henry Green (afterwards 
chief justice of Pennsylvania) in the law 
firm of Reeder & Green. 

Governor Reeder's fame, however, rests 
upon his splendid services in behalf of 
free soil and free speech in the crucial 
days of the Civil War. From his early 
days a Democrat of the Jeffersonian 
school, he took a deep interest in politi- 
cal afifairs, and his masterly oratory soon 
brought him into favorable notice. In 
1854 President Pierce appointed him the 
first governor of Kansas, then a territory, 
and he at once sprang into world-wide no- 
tice. The conflict for the possession of 
Kansas between the two conflicting 
classes of emigrants, the free-soilers from 
the east, and the slavery extensionists 
from the south, is a thrilling chapter in 
itself. There is only space here to epito- 
mize the part taken by Governor Reeder. 
At the first election the free-soilers were 
driven from the polls by the pro-slavery- 
ites, who went through the farce of elect- 
ing a legislature. A demand was made 
upon Governor Reeder to sign the certifi- 
cate of the members so chosen, and on his 
declining to do so he was informed : "We 
will give you fifteen minutes to sign, re- 
sign, or be hanged." His stern integrity 
and unflinching courage were shown in 
this instant reply: "Gentlemen, I need 
no fifteen minutes. My mind is made up. 
I shall hang." His boldness saved him 
for the time. Soon afterwards came a 
congressional committee of investigation, 
to whom Governor Reeder fearlessly ex- 
posed the act and plans of the border 
ruffians. The president removed Gov- 
ernor Reeder, appointing in his stead ex- 
Governor Shannon, of Ohio, who at once 
avowed himself an ally of the slavery 
party. Thereupon the free-soilers pro- 
tested against Whitfield, fraudulently 
elected as a delegate in Congress, and 
elected Reeder. This would necessitate a 



contest before that body, to determine be- 
tween the two, and the border ruffians de- 
termined to solve the difficulty by put- 
ting Reeder out of the way. He evaded 
an armed regiment of border ruffians, and 
made his way by night to Kansas City, 
where friends concealed him for two 
weeks, feeding him secretly, while his 
enemies picketed every road and guarded 
the steamboat landing in order to effect 
his capture. Finally, in the disguise of an 
Irish laborer, he made his way to a point 
down river where (by prearrangement) 
he was taken aboard a steamboat and ul- 
timately reached Alton, Illinois. On his 
way home he stopped in Chicago, Detroit 
and other cities, in each of which he made 
eloquent appeals to the lovers of free- 
dom, who in response flocked to Kansas 
by thousands as actual homemakers, and 
who at the first fair election adopted a 
free-state constitution and created a free 
state. Among those who were thus in- 
fluenced by Governor Reeder were many 
Philadelphia and Chester county people, 
among them Colonel Kersey Coates. 
Colonel Coates became one of those who 
made Kansas City, Missouri, a great mer- 
cantile center, and he placed in his pala- 
tial hotel there, the Coates House, in trib- 
ute to his friend, a splendid oil portrait 
of Governor Reeder after a photograph 
made after his reaching Chicago, repre- 
senting him in the disguise in which he 
had made his escape, a hickory shirt, blue 
overalls, heavy brogans and slouch hat, 
with pickaxe, and smoking a short clay 
pipe. 

At Easton, Governor Reeder resumed 
the practice of law, and continued therein 
until his death, July 5, 1864. In i860, in 
the National Republican Convention 
which nominated Lincoln, Governor 
Reeder was third in the list of candidates 
for the vice-presidential nomination. At 
the outbreak of the Civil War President 
Lincoln tendered him a commission as 
brigadier-general, but he declined, feeling 



460 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



his inability to undergo the rigors of cam- 
paigning. 

He was married, September 13, 1831, 
to Fredericka Amalia, daughter of Colo- 
nel Christian Jacob Hutter. She was a 
woman of as marked character as him- 
self, and with Spartan courage endured 
awful mental anguish while her husband 
was imperiled in Kansas. During the 
Civil War period she labored incessantly 
and efficiently as president of the Eastern 
Sanitary Aid Society. She was the mother 
of five children : 

1. Ida Titus, born May 22, 1837, who 
became the wife of William Wallace 
Marsh, a lawyer of Schooley's Mountain, 
New Jersey. 

2. George Marchand, born October 26, 
1839, who during the Civil War was cap- 
tain in the First Regiment, Kansas In- 
fantry Volunteers, was afterward editor 
and publisher of the "Easton Daily Ex- 
press," and died December 12, 1884. 

3. Emma Hutter, born March 25, 1841, 
died May 12, 1865 ; married, May 14, 1861, 
J. Charles Ferriday, of Concordia Parish, 
Louisiana. 

4. Howard James, born December 11, 
1843, who graduated from Princeton Col- 
lege in 1863, and subsequently from the 
Harvard Law School. During the Civil 
War he was lieutenant in the First Regi- 
ment United States Infantry and captain 
in the 153d Regiment Pennsylvania Vol- 
unteers. He was judge of the Court of 
Common Pleas, Third Judicial District of 
Pennsylvania, in 1881-82, and 1884-94, and 
judge of the Superior Court of Pennsyl- 
vania from 1895 until his death, Decem- 
ber 28, 1898. He was married, May 7, 
1867, to Helen Burke, of Easton. 

5. Frank Reeder, youngest son of Gov- 
ernor Andrew H. and Fredericka Amalia 
(Hutter) Reeder, was born in Easton, 
Pennsylvania, May 22, 1845, died at Eas- 
ton, December 7, 1912. He was educated 
in the Lawrenceville (New Jersey) Acad- 
emy, Edgehill school, at Princeton, New 



Jersey, and at Princeton College, from 
which he received the degrees of A.B. and 
A.M. His progress had been so rapid 
that he entered the sophomore class at 
Princeton at the age of fifteen years. In 
1862, while a senior, at the age of seven- 
teen years, he patriotically responded to 
Lincoln's call for troops, and enlisted as 
a private in the Fifth Regiment Pennsyl- 
vania Infantry Volunteers. In October 
of the same year he re-enlisted in the 
174th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, 
and in November, 1862, was promoted to 
the rank of first lieutenant and adjutant, 
and subsequently as acting assistant ad- 
jutant-general to General Peck and Gen- 
eral Vogdes, and participated with the 
Tenth and Eighteenth Army Corps in the 
campaigns in Eastern Virginia and North 
Carolina, and in the operations against 
Charleston, South Carolina, under Gen- 
eral Foster. On the expiration of his 
term of service he recruited a company 
for the 19th Regiment Pennsylvania Vol- 
unteer Cavalry, of which he was commis- 
sioned captain, in October, 1863. During 
a portion of his services he served as 
judge-advocate on the staflf of General 
Grierson, and acting as assistant adjutant- 
general of the Seventh Division, Wilson's 
Cavalry Corps. He participated in nu- 
merous stirring campaigns and noted 
battles, and with conspicuous gallantry. 
His command was engaged in the opera- 
tions in the vicinity of Vicksburg, Missis- 
sippi, and then moved west of the Mis- 
sissippi river, where it fought the army 
of General Sterling Price, at Marion, 
Greensboro, Pilot Knob, Osage and Big 
Blue River. It followed the Confederate 
General Hood into Tennessee, and made 
repeated charges upon his flank while he 
was reaching towards Nashville ; and in 
the desperate two days' battle at that 
place, in which General Hood's army was 
hopelessly disorganized, he had three 
horses shot under him. In the battle of 
Hollow Tree Gap, near Franklin, he was 



461 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



wounded. He was also wounded at the 
battle of Nashville, Tennessee, December 
17, 1864. For his gallant conduct on the 
field and in these affairs he was brevetted 
major and lieutenant-colonel for "conspic- 
uous gallantry" by the authority of the 
Secretary of War, his commissions bear- 
ing the presidential signature. January 
26, 1865, he was relieved from staff duty, 
having been commissioned lieutenant-colo- 
nel, and by virtue of his rank he assumed 
command of his regiment. In February, 
1865, he embarked his regiment at East- 
port, Tennessee, and participated in the 
siege of Mobile. After the surrender of 
General Dick Taylor, he was orderd to 
the Red River, to operate against General 
Kirby Smith. Following the surrender 
of the Confederate forces in Texas, the 
Civil War now being ended. Colonel 
Reeder was stationed on the line of the 
Rio Grande, with the army of observa- 
tion placed there to aid in the defeat of 
the French purpose to establish in Mexico 
an empire under Maximilian. This crisis 
was soon passed, and Colonel Reeder 
brought his regiment to Philadelphia, 
where it was mustered out of service, 
June 13, 1866. 

With this brilliant military record, and 
being risen from the ranks to the com- 
mand of a regiment, Colonel Reeder was 
now but a month beyond the legal age of 
manhood. To complete his military rec- 
ord, although out of chronological se- 
quence, it may be here noted that his sol- 
dierly qualities led to his appointment, in 
1874, as brigadier-general in the Pennsyl- 
vania National Guard, and he was as- 
signed to the command of the Fifth Bri- 
gade Second Division. In 1877 he had 
command of the militia and performed ex- 
cellent service in quelling the riots in 
Reading and Allentown, and he was thor- 
oughly efficient at Harrisburg in the fol- 
lowing year, and resigned his commission 
in 1881. 

On his return to civil life at the close of 



the war General Reeder entered upon the 
study of law at Albany, New York, and 
he received the degree of LL.B. (1868). 
He was admitted to the bar in 1868, and 
was engaged in his profession in New 
York City, being associated for a time 
with General Chester A. Arthur, after- 
wards President of the United States. In 
the fall of 1870 he returned to Easton, 
Pennsylvania, and became the law part- 
ner of his brother, Hon. Howard J. Reed- 
er, and from then until his death was 
busily occupied in his profession, in which 
he gained an honorable distinction. From 
1873 to 1876 he was collector of internal 
revenue for the Eleventh District of Penn- 
sylvania, being appointed by President 
U. S. Grant. He was called to various 
important positions in the service of the 
state. He attended as a delegate the Re- 
publican National Conventions of 1888- 
1892-1896 and 1900. In 1892 he was a 
delegate-at-large to the Republican Na- 
tional Convention. In 1891 he was placed 
on the Republican ticket as a delegate-at- 
large for the proposed constitutional con- 
vention of that year, and at the same time 
he took charge of the Republican cam- 
paign in the absence of Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor Watres, state chairman, who was 
then presiding at a special session of the 
senate. The following year, 1892, General 
Reeder filled the position of state chair- 
man and gave one of the most satisfactory 
administrations of the party's affairs that 
had up to that time been known. He was 
also chairman of the Republican State 
Committee, 1 899-1 900-1 901. In 1895 he 
was appointed secretary of the common- 
wealth by Governor Daniel H. Hastings, 
and that important position General 
Reeder held until his resignation in Sep- 
tember, 1897. In 1900 he was appointed 
Commissioner of Banking, resigning from 
that position in May, 1903. A Republican 
in politics, he was an acknowledged leader 
in party affairs and wielded a potent in- 
fluence. 



462 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



General Reeder married at Boston, 
Massachusetts, October 21, 1868, Grace 
E. Thompson, a native of that city, born 
June 17, 1848. Three children have been 
born to this union: i. Andrew^ Horatio, 
born September 9, 1869; a graduate of 
Lafayette College, class of 1890; for sev- 
eral years was engaged in civil engineer- 
ing in West Virginia, and in the fuel and 
mine department of the Canadian Pacific 
Railroad in British Columbia, but is now 
vice-president and general manager of the 
Stonega Coke & Coal Company, of Big 
Stone Gap, Virginia; he married Esther, 
daughter of Dr. Leighton W. Eckard, 
and they are the parents of two children, 
Andrew H. and Elizabeth Bayard. 2. 
Frank, born May 4, 1880 ; graduated from 
Lafayette College in the class of 1901 ; ad- 
mitted to the practice of law, February 13, 
1905, and associated with Frank Reeder 
as junior partner of the law firm of 
Reeder & Reeder from November i, 1912, 
until the death of his father; married 
Sara F., daughter of William A. Seitz, of 
Easton, Pennsylvania, April 12, 1909; 
issue: Gwendolyn Francis, born May 16, 
1910. 3. Douglass Wyman, born August 
25, 1883 ; attended Lafayette College, in 
the class of 1905, and is now assistant 
branch manager of the Indianapolis, Indi- 
ana, branch of the B. F. Goodrich Com- 
pany. 



BRUMBAUGH. Martin G., 

Diatingnislied Educator. 

The men of this solid German family 
seemed predestined to the widely sepa- 
rated activities, agricultural or profes- 
sional pursuits. While the ministry has 
called several of them to the pulpits of 
the Brethren Church, pedagogy has also 
been a favored profession. The American 
founder, Jacob Brumbaugh, came from 
Germany in 1750, settling in Berks 
county, Pennsylvania, later moving to 
Huntington county. Since Jacob, the 



emigrant, successive generations have 
been substantial farmers and land own- 
ers, also furnishing to the church of the 
Brethren several influential, useful min- 
isters. 

Martin Grove Brumbaugh is the son 
of Rev. George B. and Martha Grove 
Brumbaugh, the former a well-known 
minister of the Gospel, connected with 
the church of the Brethren, a man of 
scholarly attainments, high character and 
useful life. Martin Grove was born at 
the old Juniata Valley homestead, April 
14, 1862. His early education was ob- 
tained in the public school during a few 
months of each winter term, supple- 
mented by self-study and preparatory 
work. He was determined to secure a 
college education and finally was suffi- 
ciently advanced to enter Juniata Col- 
lege. As he advanced in learning, his 
boyhood ambition to become a teacher 
was strengthened. To this end, after 
leaving Juniata, he entered the State 
Normal School at Millersville, there tak- 
ing the most advanced work in pedagogy. 
Having absorbed all the advantages there 
offered, he entered Harvard University, 
following his studies there with courses 
at the University of Pennsylvania. He 
had specialized in his chosen profession 
at all these institutions, covered the most 
advanced work, and was thoroughly fur- 
nished to enter upon the actual work for 
which he had so completely prepared. 
His course of preparation had been fol- 
lowed by those with the welfare of edu- 
cational institutions upon their hearts, 
and in 1894 he was offered the presi- 
dency of his alma mater, Juniata College. 
He only occupied this position in resi- 
dence one year, but continued to act as 
president fifteen years. In that time he 
accomplished much, succeeding in raising 
its standard of efficiency, injecting new 
ideas, and giving a fresh impulse to every 
department of the college. 

In 1895 he returned to Philadelphia to 



463 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



accept the chair of Pedagogy at the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania. This new po- 
sition was created for him. For five 
years he ably filled that position, infus- 
ing a spirit of vigor and enthusiasm into 
his department that was truly remark- 
able, and gained him the commendation 
of those responsible for the welfare of 
the university. His fame as an educator 
was firmly established, his writings, lec- 
tures and successes were well known, 
therefore, when the results of the Span- 
ish war compelled the United States to 
acquire the Island of Porto Rico and es- 
tablish an educational system, Dr. Brum- 
baugh was appointed the first United 
States Commissioner of Education. He 
spent two years in Porto Rico, and es- 
tablished a system of public schools on 
the American plan, introducing his own 
most advanced educational theories of in- 
struction and method. He was also a 
member of the Senate, the Superior 
Board of Health, and president of the 
Free Library. His work done on the 
island, and well done, he returned in 
1902 to the chair of Pedagogy at the 
University of Pennsylvania, where he 
continued his valuable work until 1906, 
when he was elected Superintendent of 
Public Instruction for the city of Phila- 
delphia. This position he has ably filled, 
and improved conditions have followed 
Dr. Brumbaugh's incumbency of this of- 
fice to which he has brought the close, 
special study of a lifetime. 

His fame as an educator is national ; 
he has lectured before teachers' institutes 
in almost every State in the Union, in- 
troducing new and practical ideas that 
have resulted in a great advance in edu- 
cational methods. In the State of Louisi- 
ana he organized teachers' institutes for 
the first time, with most satisfactory re- 
sults. No less well known is he as an 
author of educational, historical, relig- 
ious and scientific works, beginning in 
1893 with Juniata Bible Lectures, fol- 



lowed in 1897 in collaboration with J. S. 
Walton by "Stories of Pennsylvania." In 
1898 he published his pamphlet, "An 
Educational Struggle in Colonial Penn- 
sylvania" ; in 1899, "A History of the 
Brethen" was published. The same year 
he issued his "Standard Readers" in five 
volumes, and also a primer, in joint 
authorship with A. H. Hall; in 1899 fol- 
lowed "The Pennsylvania German"; in 
1900 a pamphlet, "Educational Principles 
Applied to the Teaching of Literature"; 
and the same year he privately printed 
"The Two Christopher Sowers." The 
same year he published, "Rose Day Ad- 
dress at Manheim, and Liberty Bell Leaf- 
lets." "An Educational Setting of Steph- 
en Girard's Benefaction," an address in 
the Chapel of Girard College, May 20, 
1902, was published soon afterward. In 
1903 he issued the pamphlet, "Why 
Women Teach," and in 1904, "Nature as 
Educator," the latter published by the 
George School of Newtown. In 1904 
the Philadelphia Ethical Society pub- 
lished his "Need and Scope of Moral 
Training of the Young," and in 1905, 
"The Making of a Teacher" was pub- 
lished by the "Philadelphia Sunday 
School Times." In 1907 he prepared a 
pamphlet on "Moral Training of the 
Young," and also a historical wall map 
showing the Dunker congregations of 
Colonial Pennsylvania. In 1898 Lippin- 
cott published his "Life and Works of 
Christopher Dock," and the same year he 
was one of the four authors of the vol- 
ume, "Training the Teacher," published 
by the "Philadelphia Sunday School 
Times." He is the editor of the Lippin- 
cott educational series, and of Middle- 
dyk's "History of Porto Rico," published 
by Appleton, 1903, and wrote the intro- 
duction to Corson's "Life of Longfel- 
low," and the introduction to Weber's 
"Charity School Movement." He has 
also rendered valuable service to educa- 
tional societies and commissions and to 



464 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the other scientific and historical socie- SIMON, John Bernard, 



ties of which he is a member, including 
the American Philosophical Society, the 
Pennsylvania School Code Commission, 
the College and University Council of 
Pennsylvania, the National Educational 
Association, the Natio'nal Council of Edu- 
cation, the National Society for Scien- 
tific Study of Education, the Modern 
Language Association of America, the 
Historical Society of Pennsylvania, and 
many others devoted to education, his- 
tory and science. He was formerly a 
trustee of the Free Museums of the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania ; a trustee of the 
Commercial Museums of Philadelphia; 
and president of the Playground Asso- 
ciation of Philadelphia. His college fra- 
ternity is Phi Beta Kappa ; his social 
clubs the Franklin Inn, the University, 
and the Five o'Clock. Dr. Brumbaugh 
won his Master of Arts degree at the 
University of Pennsylvania, 1893, the 
University conferring Doctor of Philos- 
ophy in the course of the following year. 
The honorary degree of LL.D has been 
conferred upon him three times. 

Thoroughly trained as he is in the sci- 
ence of pedagogy, with a practical ex- 
perience as instructor, and possessing to 
a high degree the qualities of an organ- 
izer and an executive. Doctor Brum- 
baugh's rule over Philadelphia's public 
school system has been extremely bene- 
ficial. He has won the confidence of the 
city's governing body and the loyal sup- 
port of the teachers employed, without 
which his hands would be in a measure 
tied. Surely with such a man to guide 
and with such support, the future of the 
public schools of Philadelphia looks ex- 
ceedingly bright. 

He was married, in 1885, to Anna 
Konigmacher, of Ephrata, Pennsylvania, 
and to this union two children have been 
born: Mabel, in 1887; and George Ed- 
win, in 1890. 



Active in Community Affairs. 

John Bernard Simon, son of Johannes 
and Catherine Elizabeth (Bernhard) 
Simon, Rothenburg, Germany, born Sep- 
tember 7, 1757, died in the fall of 1812, 
came to this country about 1776, served 
in Colonel Dubois' regiment, shown in 
"New York in the Revolution as Col- 
ony and State," second division, page 
78, by James A. Roberts, and First Cen- 
sus of the United States, 1790. He re- 
sided in New York City, then moved to 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He married 
(first) Christine Kolbenhoflfen, at Phila- 
delphia, February 21, 1779, in the Dutch 
Reformed Church, northeast corner of 
Fifth and Cherry streets, by Rev. Sam- 
uel Helffenstine. They had six children : 
Elizabeth, born 1781 ; David, April 13, 
1786; Anna Maria, June i, 1791 ; and 
three who died in infancy. He married 
(second) Margreta (Peggie) Lochman, 
married by the Rev. Samuel HelflFenstine. 
No children. 

David, son of John Bernard and Chris- 
tine (Kolbenhoflfen) Simon, married 
Elizabeth Ireton, of Pemburton, New 
Jersey, granddaughter of Patrick Reyn- 
olds, of Burlington county. New Jersey, 
on May 7, 1807. They had seven chil- 
dren: Anna, born March 21, 1808; Mar- 
gretta Lochman, July 17, 1809; John 
Bernard, December 10, 181 1; Washing- 
ton Jackson, August 27, 1814; James 
Kemp, December 4, 1816; Eliza Ann, 
October 9, 1825. 

John Bernard (2), third child and eld- 
est son of David and Elizabeth (Ireton) 
Simon, of Philadelphia, and grandson of 
John Bernard and Christine Kolbenhof- 
fen, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, was 
born December 10, 181 1, baptized in St. 
Paul's Church by the Rev. Joseph Pil- 
more, confirmed in Zion Lutheran 
Church, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, May 
15, 1830, by Rev. Augustus H. Lochman, 



46s 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



pastor; for nearly sixty years a consis- 
tent member of the church, for many of 
those years an honored and trusted office 
bearer in the cong-regation, and at the 
time of his death, September 29, 1889, 
was president of the church council, for 
a number of years a member of the Har- 
risburg Borough Council, and for many 
years and at the time of his death super- 
intendent of the Harrisburg Cemetery. 
For many years he was one of the direc- 
tors of the Harrisburg National Bank. 

He received his education through 
schools of his native city, and his father 
(who in 1809 taught in Benjamin Tucker's 
school. Fifth and Arch streets, Philadel- 
phia, also for a long time organist in St. 
Paul's Protestant Episcopal Church. In 
1808 he prepared a short introductory 
English grammar, published by Smith & 
Maxwell, Philadelphia, 1809. Later he 
had a school on Market street, Harris- 
burg, and was organist of Zion Lutheran 
Church.) 

The family moved to Harrisburg when 
he was a boy and there he learned his 
trade with Samuel Holman, with whom 
he, in the spring of 1834, entered into 
partnership as contractor and builder. 
In 1857 Mr. Holman retired, and he con- 
tinued until his death, 1889, during which 
time as contractor and builder he erected 
some of the largest and most important 
buildings, public and private, in the State. 
In 1848 the firm of Simon, Lutz & Com- 
pany erected the Harrisburg Foundry 
and Machine Shop, the largest of that 
kind in this part of the State, located on 
Market street, west of Fifth street, and 
extending to Medow Lane, which he con- 
ducted successfully for some years, and 
then they sold it. He was the first to 
(in 1850) establish a planing mill and 
wood working machinery west of Phila- 
delphia and east of Pittsburgh. In 1852 
he purchased a plot of ground on the hill 
east of the town, known then and now as 
Allison's Hill, foreseeing that by its lo- 



cation it would in time become an im- 
portant part in the growth of the town. 
He immediately began to develop it, 
erecting the first row of dwellings on the 
hill, beside dwellings in pairs and single 
houses. 

On April 16, 1834, he married Mary, 
youngest daughter of Daniel and Eliza- 
beth (Kistner) Hertz, of Harrisburg, 
Pennsylvania (one of the Colonial fami- 
lies with Revolutionary record), born 
January 14, 1814, baptized at Shupps 
Church by Rev. John George Lochman, 
June 5, 1831, confirmed by Rev. Augus- 
tus Lochman in the Evangelical Lutheran 
Church. They resided on Market street 
their entire lives. 

"The Sick Soldiers Rest," where all 
sick and wounded soldiers travelling to 
and from the seat of war were freely 
entertained and cared for, was built by 
him and Eby Byers in 1862. It was situ- 
ated just opposite the railroad station, 
where trains going through or coming 
from the South have their terminal. It 
was built and largely maintained by them 
at their own expense and free to all sol- 
diers needing aid. It was a Haven of 
Rest to hundreds of sick and wounded. 
It was handed over to an agent of the 
United States Sanitary Commission, 
1864. 

All his life as a business man he was 
in the front rank, and as a citizen always 
lending his best efforts for the advance- 
ment of every enterprise for the better- 
ment of his fellowman and the commun- 
ity in which he resided. Some one has 
said of him, "Truly he lived to help hu- 
manity, to ennoble his country, and to 
uplift the world." 

Issue of John Bernard and Mary 
(Hertz) Simon: i. Luther Melancthon, 
born August 11, 1835; married Mary 
Read Pancoast, of Mt. Holly, New Jer- 
sey, November 2, 1858. In his business 
life one of the leading architects in the 
state. 2. Samuel Holman (physician), 



466 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



born July 5, 1840; married Julia Kendig, 
July 18, 1861, of Harrisburg. 3. Anne 
Elizabeth, born October 28, 1842, died 
May 2, 1906; active in all church and 
charity work and one of the charter mem- 
bers of the Children's Industrial Home. 
4. Emma Caroline, born April 28, 1846; 
married, November 19, 1884, Samuel M. 
Keiper, of New York, founder of the New 
York Powder Company, New York. 5. 
Augustus Lochman, born December 13, 
1848, died December 26, 1855. 6. Mary 
Alice, born September 3, 185 1, died Sep- 
tember 23, 1855. 7. 8. 9. 10. Four children 
died in infancy. 11. Clara Louise, born 
April 19, 1856. 



PATTERSON, Alexander Hamilton, 
Glass Manafactnrer. 

There were two branches of the Pat- 
terson family, of Scotch-Irish descent, 
who settled in Lancaster county, Penn- 
sylvania, during colonial times. James 
Patterson, the founder of one branch of 
the Lancaster county family, was born 
in the North of Ireland in 1708. He 
emigrated to America in 1728 and settled 
in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, where 
presumably he married Mary Montgom- 
ery, and had issue, several children. He 
died in Little Britain township in 1792, 
and descendants of that branch of the 
Patterson family are quite numerous. 

Arthur Patterson, the first American 
ancestor and founder of another branch 
of the Patterson family, emigrated from 
the North of Ireland in 1824, and he with 
his wife, who was Ann Scott, settled the 
same year in Rapho township, Lancaster 
county, Pennsylvania, then a wilderness. 
He was a farmer and blacksmith, ac- 
quired a large tract of land in Lancaster 
county, and became a man of influence 
and distinction in the community where 
he lived. His sons were patriots in the 
Revolutionary army, and his descend- 



ants have furnished several men of dis- 
tinction in the history of Pennsylvania. 

Descendants of these two families lived 
in the same communities and have a more 
or less common history, and are pre- 
sumably the ancestors of James Patter- 
son, born in Philadelphia, who died there 
in 1883, aged sixty-five years. He was 
a leather merchant in Philadelphia, and 
well known in his time; he married 
Sarah Funk, daughter of Peter Funk, of 
German ancestry, and had issue, among 
others a son, namely: 

Alexander Hamilton Patterson, born 
June 28, 1849, i" Philadelphia, Pennsyl- 
vania. He was educated in the public 
schools of Philadelphia, and after leaving 
school served an apprenticeship under 
Roger Fisher & Brother in Philadelphia, 
where he learned typesetting and the 
printing trade. However, this work was 
interrupted by his enlistment in the Sec- 
ond Volunteer Regiment of Pennsylva- 
nia, organized in 1863, and known as the 
"Blue Reserves," which was soon fol- 
lowed by a one-hundred days' campaign 
in Company B, 197th Infantry, as drum- 
mer boy, under Colonel J. R. Hazlett. In 
1864 he went to Chicago, Illinois, where 
he worked at his trade, and in 1865 went 
to Philadelphia, where he entered the em- 
ploy of Cornelius and Baker as travelling 
salesman, and continued till that firm re- 
tired from business in 1878. In the last- 
mentioned year he came to New York 
City and entered the employ of Mitchell 
Vance & Company, where he remained for 
some two years, and in 1881 he organized 
the firm of Patterson & Company, of New 
York, in which he also continued for 
about two years. He then became inter- 
ested in the Phoenix Glass Company of 
Pittsburgh, and has continued with that 
firm to the present time, 1913, he being 
now first vice-president of the company. 
He is a Republican in politics ; a member 
of the blue lodge of Free and Accepted 
Masons; also of the following social or- 



467 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ganizations : The Hardware Club of New 
York, the Union League, the Crescent 
Athletic and the Aurora Grata Masonic 
clubs, of Brooklyn, New York ; and of the 
Pennsylvania Society of New York City. 
He married Catherine C. Kerns, daugh- 
ter of Joseph and Ellen Kerns, May 12, 
1880, in Philadelphia ; she was born in 
Philadelphia, April 2, 1856. There has 
been no issue. 



HEILNER, George Corson, 

Prominent Coal Operator. 

Among the many representatives of 
old Pennsylvania families who have 
achieved success and risen to promi- 
nence in regions remote from the boun- 
daries of the Keystone State, George Cor- 
son Heilner, now of New York City, 
holds a foremost place. Mr. Heilner is 
president of Heilner & Son, incorporated ; 
he occupies a leading position in the busi- 
ness world, and has rendered dis- 
tinguished service as a member of the 
National Guard, State of New York. 

Samuel Heilner, grandfather of George 
Corson Heilner, emigrated from Ger- 
many early in the nineteenth century and 
settled in Berks county, Pennsylvania. 
He was a fine scholar and an accom- 
plished linguist, and in his new home 
adopted the profession of an educator. 
He also possessed remarkable foresight 
and was among the first to discern the 
marvellous mining possibilities of Penn- 
sylvania. In religion he was a Lutheran. 
Mr. Heilner married Mary Bast, of Berks 
county, Pennsylvania. 

Marcus G., son of Samuel and Mary 
(Bast) Heilner, was born July 2, 1814, 
on a farm near Reading, Berks county, 
Pennsylvania, and when a child was 
taken by his parents to Schuylkill county. 
At the age of twenty-five he entered upon 
what was destined to be a brilliant busi- 
ness career, associating himself with the 
mining industry, then in its infancy, and 



becoming prominently identified with it. 
In 1867 he removed to New York, where 
he engaged in the coal business under the 
firm name of Heilner & Son. An opera- 
tor's career in those days was subject to 
many vicissitudes and dangers, sometimes 
involving imminent peril from ruffianism, 
as in the time of the notorious Molly Ma- 
guires. Tested by the severest trials 
which could fall to the lot of a coal opera- 
tor, Mr. Heilner showed himself a man 
born to his task, displaying in the face of 
danger the most admirable coolness and 
courage. He was regarded as one of the 
best authorities of his day in all matters 
connected with the coal trade. Person- 
ally, Mr. Heilner was a gentleman of the 
old school, fine-looking, and possessing 
the highest sense of honor. He was the 
last of the hardy race of pioneer opera- 
tors. Mr. Heilner married, May 15, 1839, 
Sylvina Mallery Butler, whose ancestral 
record is appended to this sketch, and 
their children were: Percy Butler, born 
in Pennsylvania, married Jennie Reid, of 
Elizabeth, New Jersey, and is now vice- 
president of the Lehigh & Wilkesbarre 
Coal Company of Pennsylvania ; Walter 
Silver, married Bertha Kiernan ; Marcus 
Butler, married Lucy Crane ; Laura Syl- 
vina, and George Corson, mentioned be- 
low. All these children, with the excep- 
tion of the youngest, were born at Min- 
ersville, Pennsylvania. Mr. Heilner, the 
father, died November 6, 1892, and the 
mother of the family passed away March 

27, 1897- 

George Corson, son of Marcus G. and 
Sylvina M. (Butler) Heilner, was born 
August 16, 1856, at Pottsville, Pennsyl- 
vania, and received his education in pri- 
vate schools of Elizabeth, New Jersey. In 
1873 he became clerk in a banking house 
in Wall street. New York, and held the 
position for about two years. In 1890 he 
was admitted to the firm of Heilner & 
Son, of New York City, established in 
1835, with which he has ever since been 



468 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



continuously connected. The business is 
now a corporation of which Mr. Heilner 
is president. Possessing executive abili- 
ties of a high order, farsighted sagacity 
and sound judgment, he has more than 
maintained the oldtime prestige of the 
firm. Aggressive in his methods and of 
unimpeachable integrity, he is an ac- 
knowledged leader in the coal business. 
His conduct toward his subordinates has 
ever been marked by the greatest jus- 
tice and kindliness, which has met with 
its due return of loyal service and has 
constituted an important factor in his 
success. 

As a citizen with exalted ideas of good 
government and civic virtue Mr. Heilner 
is unfailingly ready to lend his influence 
to any movement having for its end the 
promotion of these objects, and wherever 
substantial aid will further public prog- 
ress it is freely given. He is identified 
with the Republicans, and while taking 
no conspicuously active part in politics, 
is yet a vigilant and attentive observer 
of men and measures, supporting such as 
he deems best fitted to advance the wel- 
fare and progress of the community. He 
belongs to the Union League Club of 
New York, the Society of Colonial Wars, 
the Sons of the Revolution, and the board 
of managers of the Alliance Francais, of 
New York City, and is a member of the 
Protestant Episcopal church. 

A man of Mr. Heilner's stamp always 
demonstrates his public spirit by actions 
rather than words, and he has given most 
striking evidence of it in the service 
which he has rendered as a citizen-sol- 
dier. From 1887 to 1892 he served as 
first lieutenant of Company D, Eighth In- 
fantry Regiment, National Guard, State 
of New York, and was subsequently lieu- 
tenant-colonel of the io8th Infantry Regi- 
ment. He was mustered out in 1899, hav- 
ing rendered service of value in the Span- 
ish-American war. The personality of 
Mr. Heilner is that of a man of great 



force of character, strong mental endow- 
ments, and a genial disposition. His 
countenance is expressive of these attri- 
butes and his manner is dignified and 
courteous. His sterling qualities of man- 
hood command the respect of all who 
know him, and, in combination with the 
engaging traits of a social nature and 
companionable disposition, have sur- 
rounded him with a large circle of 
warmly-attached friends. 

For two generations the name of Heil- 
ner has been associated in Pennsylvania 
with an industry which is one of the chief 
sources of her greatness. George Corson 
Heilner, representative of the third gen- 
eration, and prominent in the traditional 
calling of his family, is a resident of an- 
other State, but the old Commonwealth 
demands that his name shall be inscribed 
in her annals with the names of his father 
and grandfather. 

(The Butler Line). 

John Butler, great-great-grandfather of 
Mrs. Sylvina M. (Butler) Heilner, mar- 
ried Catharine, daughter of Richard 
Houghton. 

John (2), son of John (i) and Cath- 
arine (Houghton) Butler, married Han- 
nah Perkins. 

Zebulon, son of John (2) and Hannah 
(Perkins) Butler, was born in 1731, in 
New London county, Connecticut, and 
served in the French war, first with the 
rank of ensign and later with that of 
captain, participating in the battles of 
Fort Edward, Lake George, Ticonderoga 
and Crown Point. In 1762 he rendered 
distinguished service at the siege of Ha- 
vana. In 1768 he was one of the found- 
ers of five townships in Wyoming county, 
Pennsylvania, each one being granted to 
forty persons who would pledge them- 
selves to maintain its rights. Captain 
Butler, as leader of the Connecticut 
settlers, gained the victory in the "Penny- 
ites and Yankee war," and was known as 



469 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the "Savior of Wyoming." At the be- 
ginning of the Revolutionary struggle he 
was made colonel in the Continental 
Line, and served with Washington in 
New Jersey, being highly esteemed by 
his great commander. In the spring of 
1778, Colonel John Butler, of the British 
army, brought Seneca Indians from 
Western New York to Pennsylvania. 
These, accompanied by Tories from the 
Wyoming Valley, appeared June 30 at 
the head of the plains. Colonel Zebulon 
Butler took command, and victory seemed 
certain, when a mistaken order caused 
the patriots to retreat. A massacre by 
the Indians followed, and among the few 
who escaped was Colonel Butler, who 
succeeded in reaching Wilkes-Barre, 
where he soon received news of the fear- 
ful and ever-memorable massacre of Wy- 
oming. In August, 1779, Colonel Zebu- 
Ion Butler retook possession of the 
county, commanding until December, 
1780, when he was ordered to take his 
troops and rejoin Washington, deliver- 
ing the posts in Wyoming to Captain 
Alexander Mitchell. He served with dis- 
tinction to the close of the war, being 
placed, after the treachery of Arnold, in 
command at West Point, as one of the 
officers whom Washington could trust. 
From 1774 to 1776, Colonel Butler was 
a member of the Connecticut General As- 
sembly from Westmoreland county, and 
on August 30, 1787, he received from the 
Supreme Executive Council of Pennsyl- 
yania the appointment of lieutenant of 
Luzerne county, then newly formed. 
Colonel Butler married (first) Anna Lord, 
and (second) Lydia, daughter of Rev. 
Jacob Johnson, who was the first minis- 
ter in the Wyoming Valley, and drew up 
the articles of capitulation after the mas- 
sacre. Colonel Butler married (third) 
Phoebe Haight. His death occurred in 
July, 1795. 

Zebulon (2), son of Zebulon (i) and 
Lydia (Johnson) Butler, married Jemima, 



daughter of Jabez Fish. They were the 
parents of nine sons and daughters. 

SylvinaM., daughter of Zebulon (2) and 
Jemima (Fish) Butler, was born March 
27, 1816, and became the wife of Marcus 
G. Heilner, as mentioned above. 



POTTS, George H., 

Prominent Coal Operator and Financier. 

The Potts family of Pennsylvania dates 
its residence in America from 1668. Half 
a century before the beginning of the 
Revolutionary War, John Potts, great- 
grandfather of George H. Potts, lived at 
Sandy Run, about ten miles from Phila- 
delphia, in the neighborhood of Chestnut 
Hill. 

Thomas, youngest son of John Potts, 
married, about 1750, Elizabeth, daughter 
of William Lukens, whose estate ad- 
joined that of his father, at Sandy Run. 
The Lukens family was one of the most 
notable of the early settlers of Pennsyl- 
vania and was of Dutch descent. John 
Lukens, brother of Elizabeth, was a civil 
engineer, and was appointed Surveyor- 
General of Pennsylvania by the Crown. 
Upon the agitation of the momentous 
question that prepared the way for 
American independence, he espoused the 
cause of the patriots, and so closely iden- 
tified was he with the leaders in the Rev- 
olutionary movement that it was in one 
of the apartments of his residence in 
Philadelphia that the Declaration of In- 
dependence was drawn up by Thomas 
Jefferson. After his marriage, Thomas 
Potts moved to the beautiful Musconet- 
cong Valley, in New Jersey, near the 
mouth of the Delaware river, where he 
erected a forge and furnace and con- 
ducted, until his death in 1777, extensive 
and successful iron manufacturing opera- 
tions. He is distinguished as having 
been a member of the Continental Con- 
gress which convened in Philadelphia in 
1775 to petition the King to redress the 



470 




c 




. Mc^^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



grievances which had long been suffered 
by the colonists. He was in all essential 
respects a patriot ; he had at heart the 
cause of the struggling colonies, and 
deprecated as deeply as any of his liberty 
loving contemporaries the severity with 
which they were oppressed; but he was 
a consistent adherent to the religious 
principles of the Society of Friends, and, 
finding it impossible to regard the Dec- 
laration of Independence as anything 
short of a practical declaration of war, 
he refused to affix his signature to that 
historical document, not wishing to co- 
operate in an act which would precipi- 
tate bloodshed and rapine upon the col- 
onies. 

Hugh H., son of Thomas and Eliza- 
beth (Lukens) Potts, was born at the 
Chelsea Iron Works, on his father's es- 
tate, in New Jersey, in 1773, died in 1842. 
He possessed a natural proclivity for a 
military career, and became an officer in 
the first United States army raised under 
the newly organized government and 
served as such for many years. Captain 
Hugh H. Potts subsequently resigned his 
commission and purchased an estate on 
the Delaware river, in Bucks county, 
where he resided until the death of his 
wife in 1813. Near the close of the War 
of 1812-1814 he was reappointed to a cap- 
taincy in the United States army, but 
just as he reported to his company peace 
was declared, in result of which he saw 
no active service. He married, in 1800, 
at Carlisle, Pennsylvania, Elizabeth, 
daughter of John John Hughes, of Revo- 
lutionary memory, a distinguished officer 
who fought throughout the entire war, 
from the battle of Three Rivers, Canada, 
to the surrender of Cornwallis at York- 
town, during nearly all of which event- 
ful period he was under General Wash- 
ington's command. Captain Hughes re- 
cruited a company at Carlisle, which was 
attached to the Tenth Pennsylvania Regi- 
ment, and entered the service as captain. 



but was soon promoted to the rank of 
paymaster-general, a position at that time 
depending almost entirely on the pos- 
session of ample means and a patriotic 
willingness to disburse them as occasion 
required, for the relief of the ill-paid and 
often suffering soldiers. 

George H., son of Captain Hugh H. 
and Elizabeth (Hughes) Potts, was born 
on his father's estate on the Delaware, 
Bucks county, Pennsylvania, September 
22, 181 1, died at New York City, April 
28, 1888. Upon the death of his mother 
in 1813, he was placed in the home of his 
aunt, his father's sister, Mrs. Judge Rock- 
hill, in Pittstown, New Jersey. Receiving 
an excellent education, at an early age 
he evinced strong desires to enter the 
business world, and at fifteen years, an 
age generally given over to the enjoy- 
ment of boyish pleasures, he was em- 
ployed in an extensively dealing mercan- 
tile house in Philadelphia, receiving a 
practical business education. Here he 
remained three years, laying the founda- 
tion of a busy, useful, and in many re- 
spects remarkable business career. In 
1829 he moved to Pottsville, Pennsyl- 
vania, and at once engaged in mining 
operations. The part he played in the 
development of anthracite coal mining 
was made possible by the primitive con- 
dition in which all the departments of the 
industry were at that time. None of the 
inventions of modern mining were in 
use ; only a limited quantity was mined, 
and that which was brought to the sur- 
face was raised by the hardest physical 
exertion ; the process of crushing was 
crude ; and the facilities for placing it 
upon the market inadequate. Mr. Potts 
was connected with the anthracite coal 
business throughout his entire life, and 
from 1834 to 1845 he was the most ex- 
tensive individual coal operator in the re- 
gion. From 44.000 tons of anthracite coal 
mined in 1828 he saw the production of 
the mineral grow until at his death over 



471 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



30,000,000 tons was the aggregate. His 
part in this growth was prominent. He 
erected the first engine for mining coal 
below the water level ever set up in 
Pennsylvania, built by Heywood & Sny- 
der, at Pottsville. Another of his pioneer 
movements was the use of iron plates for 
breaking coal, and his was the second 
breaker ever put into operation. In the 
transportation of this, the chief product 
of the locality, he was also a leader, build- 
ing the first boat employed to convey coal 
directly to the city of New York from 
the Schuylkill region, and which opened 
the way for the immense inland water 
transportation of a later date. When it 
was deemed advisable to raise $3,000 to 
be used in experiments in making anthra- 
cite iron, which were crowned with suc- 
cess, he was one of the ten contributors, 
and in 1836 he surveyed the first railroad 
from Pottsville to New York. 

After a residence of twenty-four years 
in Pottsville, Mr. Potts moved to New 
York in 1853, as the local representative 
of the coal and iron firm of Lewis Au- 
denried & Company, with whom he had 
associated himself, and of which he be- 
came the senior member. While con- 
nected with this company, his excellent 
judgment and managerial ability placed 
his firm high among others of like na- 
ture. At the death of Lewis Audenried, 
in 1873, the firm was dissolved, Mr. Potts 
retiring, and his son, the Hon. Frederick 
A. Potts, becoming sole proprietor, and 
who later founded the present firm of F. 
A. Potts & Company. 

Although determined to retire from 
active business life and to enjoy the fruits 
of constant industry, Mr. Potts was not 
permitted to cut himself off entirely from 
the associations of years, and was at 
length induced to accept the presidency 
of the National Park Bank, of New 
York, of which he had been one of the 
organizers and for many years a direc- 
tor. His election in September, 1879, to 



the position of president of one of the 
wealthiest and most prominent banking 
houses in the country was welcomed by 
stockholders and customers, and was the 
subject of much favorable press comment 
from the financial centers of the country. 
That the bank did not suffer under his 
management was indicated by the value 
of its stock, which from par value at the 
time of his election increased to 188, 
while its surplus increased from $200,000 
to $1,000,000. 

Fitted by birth, education and train- 
ing to occupy his recognized high po- 
sition in the financial and social circles 
of New York, Mr. Potts was held in the 
best regard by all of his business col- 
leagues, and fulfilled the expectations of 
his host of friends by measuring up to 
every emergency confronting him, with 
the shrewdness and decision of the 
trained business man. His strict, unde- 
viating integrity was the characterizing 
feature of his whole life, the following 
illustration well showing his unyielding 
probity. In 1848, by the failure of a 
gentleman in Philadelphia, with whom 
Mr. Potts was connected in business, he 
lost $104,000, and was forced to call his 
creditors together and to settle with them 
at fifty cents on the dollar, and was 
obliged to borrow the money to do this. 
Sixteen years later he paid the compro- 
mised claims, amounting to over $100,- 
000, although he had been legally exon- 
erated when he made the compromise, 
compelling his old creditors to accept in- 
terest on the balances. Such was the 
character that won him business success, 
such the personality that endeared him 
to his friends. 

He married (first) in 1832, Emily Dil- 
worth, eldest daughter of George M. 
Gumming, of Pottsville; (second) in 
1863, Helen, daughter of Judge Gideon 
Hard, of Albion, Orleans county. New 
York. By his first marriage he became 



472 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the father of seven children, by his sec- 
ond, of three. 



POTTS, Frederick A., 

I.eading Coal Operator. 

True biography has a nobler purpose 
than mere fulsome eulogy. The world 
today is what the leading men of the last 
generation have made it. From the past 
has come the legacy of the present. Art, 
science, statesmanship, government — 
these constitute an inheritance upon 
which the present generation has entered, 
and the advantages secured from so vast 
a gift depend entirely upon the fidelity 
with which is conducted the study of the 
lives of the principal actors who have 
transmitted the legacy. This is espe- 
cially true of those whose influence has 
been beyond the confines of locality, and 
has been of national importance. Worthy 
of such careful study are the life, char- 
acter and services of the late Hon. Fred- 
erick A. Potts, of Hunterdon county. 
New Jersey, and of his son, Frederick A. 
Potts. 

Hon. Frederick A. Potts, son of 
George H. and Emily (Gumming) Potts, 
was born in Pottsville, Pennsylvania, 
April 4, 1836, and died in New York Gity, 
November 9, 1888, in the very prime of 
life. For many years he had been asso- 
ciated in the vast interests of his father 
in the coal mining region, the main offices 
of the company being in New York. 
When his father retired from this enter- 
prise, the Hon. Frederick A. Potts became 
sole proprietor, and later founded the 
present firm of F. A. Potts & Go. In 
spite of the extent of these interests and 
the responsibilities they placed upon his 
shoulders, they were not sufficient to oc- 
cupy the brilliant mind of Mr. Potts to 
the fullest extent, and he devoted a large 
share of his time to the interests of the 
public. As a representative of the Re- 
publican party he was elected to the State 



Senate of New Jersey, from Hunterdon 
Gounty, in 1874; four years later he was 
the Republican candidate for Gongress in 
the Fourth New Jersey District, the 
strongest Democratic district in the en- 
tire State. So great, however, was his 
popularity, that he was defeated by a 
plurality of only approximately 1,500 
votes in a district that had prior to this 
time given five times that number to the 
Democratic candidate. He was the Re- 
publican candidate for the office of Gov- 
ernor of the State of New Jersey in 1880, 
but was defeated by the small margin of 
651 votes. The political record of Hon. 
Frederick A. Potts is without stain. 
Personally he was a man of fine physique, 
of genial disposition and worthy charac- 
ter, that won for him great admiration. 
In his social life he was known and loved 
as a man of pure life and noble thought, 
of warm heart and courteous bearing, a 
man to whom the pomps and vanities of 
life had little value, and the approval of 
his conscience was his best reward. He 
was a tireless worker and a man of rare 
simplicity of character. Of all the pos- 
sessions and treasures of his life, none 
were so dear to this man of unworldly 
thought as the friendships he made and 
held as the best gifts the world had to 
bestow. 

Hon. Potts married Sarah Brevoort, 
and had children : George, Frederick A., 
Henry, William, Rockhill and Meta. 

Frederick A., son of Hon. Frederick A. 
and Sarah (Brevoort) Potts, was born 
at Lenox, Massachusetts, in i860. His 
elementary instruction was acquired in 
private schools, from which he went to 
the School of Mines, Golumbia Univer- 
sity, New York Gity. Subsequently he 
went abroad and took a course at the 
University of Berlin, Germany. Upon 
his return to his native land, Mr. Potts 
became connected with the firm of F. A. 
Potts & Go., established in New York 
Gity by his father, and later became sen- 



473 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ior member of this firm of coal merchants, 
continuing its interests along the suc- 
cessful lines inaugurated by his father. 

Mr. Potts married Elizabeth Worth 
Olcott. He is well known in the social 
circles of the city, and is a member of the 
St. Anthony, Union, and the New York 
Athletic clubs. While he is a stanch sup- 
porter of Republican principles in politi- 
cal matters, Mr. Potts, up to the present 
time, has never held public office, al- 
though he has apparently inherited the 
gifts of his talented father in that direc- 
tion. 



CAUGHEY, Cltemens Jay, 

Gold and Silver Miner. 

The early traditions of the Caughey 
family show that its origin was a Scotch 
Presbyterian family bearing that name, 
and that during the religious persecutions 
of the seventeenth century the ancestors 
of the Caughey family in America emi- 
grated to Ireland, settling near Donegal. 

Francis Caughey emigrated to this 
country from near Donegal, Ireland, 
about the year 1750, accompanied by a 
brother, believed to be John Caughey. 
Francis Caughey is understood and be- 
lieved to be one of the two original pro- 
genitors of the Caughey family in Amer- 
ica, and he is certainly the ancestor of all 
that family in Erie county, Pennsylvania. 
He settled in Lancaster county, Pennsyl- 
vania, where he died at the age of ninety- 
three years. He took an active part in 
the Revolutionary war as a patriot of the 
cause of the colonies. He married and 
was the father of five children: i. An- 
drew, mentioned below. 2. John, who in 
1803 moved to Erie county, Pennsyl- 
vania, settling on a farm in Fairview 
township, where he resided until his 
death ; he was the father of thirteen chil- 
dren, namely: Andrew Miles; Wilson; 
Samuel G. ; Francis ; William M. ; John ; 
David V. ; George ; Eliza Jane, married 



Andrew Sturgeon ; Nancy, married J. B. 
Johnson ; Mary, married Matthew John- 
son ; Sarah, married N. J. Clark ; Susan, 
married Joseph L. Jackson. 3. Ella, mar- 
ried Scott. 4. Jane, married 

Scott, brother of the husband of 



her sister, Ella. 5. Elizabeth. 

Andrew, eldest son of Francis Caughey, 
was born in Lancaster county, Pennsyl- 
vania, in 1756. In 1803 he moved to Erie 
county, Pennsylvania, where he settled 
on a farm on what afterward became 
known as West Mill creek, some five 
miles west of Erie, on the Ridge road. 
His death occurred there March 19, 1828. 
He served as a soldier in the Revolu- 
tionary war, as shown by the following 
record : "Private Andrew Caughey 
(spelled Cauhey in the record) of Cap- 
tain John Paxton's company. Third Bat- 
talion Lancaster County Militia, Colonel 
Thomas Porter, commander. Entered 
service December 12, 177 — , discharged 
December 23, 177 — ." (See Record and 
Pension Division of United States War 
Depart., Washington, D. C.) Andrew 
Caughey took the oath of allegiance to 
the government, August 2, 1778 (Penn. 
Archives, 2nd Series, vol. 12, p. 453), and 
is understood to have participated in the 
battle of Brandywine. He married Eliza- 
beth Caughey, his cousin, born at Lan- 
caster, Pennsylvania, in 1752, died March 
25, 1826, daughter of John Caughey. 
Children: i. John, mentioned below. 2. 
Andrew, married, at Washington, Penn- 
sylvania, Martha, daughter of Daniel 
Cannon, and they were the parents of 
five children : Nancy, Samuel S., Daniel 
C, Francis, Andrew. 3. Francis, died un- 
married. 4. Samuel, married Susan 
Fluke, and they were the parents of three 
children : John, Henry C, Louis. 5. 
Jane, died unmarried. 6. Elizabeth, mar- 
ried William McCreary, and they were 
the parents of five children : S. N., John, 
Frank, Mary M., Jane. 7. Nancy, mar- 
ried Samuel McCreary, and they were 



474 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the parents of seven children : Francis, 
David, Elizabeth, Johnson, Jane, Sam- 
uel, Sophia. 

John, eldest son of Andrew Caughey, 
was born June 13, 1784, died June 19, 
1859. He married, at Washington, 
Pennsylvania, Ann Vance Wilson, born 
October 6, 1786, died May 6, 1839, daugh- 
ter of Miles and Jane (Vance) Wilson. 
Children: i. Andrew J., born March 3, 
181 1 ; married Jane Sturgeon, a daughter 
of Private Samuel Sturgeon, who served 
in Captain James Murray's company, 
Fourth Battalion of Lancaster County 
Associators, Colonel James Burd, com- 
mander, and went into active service in 
November or December, 1775, and par- 
ticipated in the battles of Trenton and 
Princeton. (Return as per muster roll 
of March 13, 1776. Penn. Archives, 2nd 
Series, vol. 13, pp. 310-31 1.) Samuel 
Sturgeon took the oath of allegiance to 
the State of Pennsylvania and the gov- 
ernment in Hanover township. March 4, 
1778 (Penn. Archives, 2nd Series, vol. 13, 
p. 407). 2. Miles W., born July 7, 1812; 
married Nancy Crawford. 3. Francis, 
born November 19, 1813 ; married Eme- 
line Cook. 4. Eliza Jane, born April 14, 
1816; married Andrew Sturgeon. 5. Wil- 
liam M., mentioned below. 6. David, 
born March 30, 1819; married Mary J. 
Sterett. 7. John J., born April 4, 1821 ; 
removed to Kentucky; married Mary 
MofFett. 8. Infant son, born July i, 
1823, deceased. 9. Nancy A., born Sep- 
tember 4, 1824; married J. B. Johnson. 
10. Mary, born June 7, 1826; married 
Matthew Johnson. 11. Sarah V., born 
April 15, 1828; married N. J. Clark. 12. 
Samuel N., born July 6, 1832 ; removed 
to Arkansas ; married Rebecca Pettit. 13. 
Susan B., born July 6, 1834; married Jo- 
seph L. Jackson ; died June 12, 1898, in 
Mississippi. 14. George, born May 22, 
1836, died unmarried. 

William M., fourth son of John Caugh- 
ey, was born June 15, 1817, died in Erie 



county, Pennsylvania, in 1885. He mar- 
ried Sophia Reed Clemens, of Virginia, 

daughter of and (Irwin) 

Clemens. Among their children was 
Clemens Jay, mentioned below. 

Clemens Jay, son of William M. 
Caughey, was born in Erie county, 
Pennsylvania, October 27, 1850. He was 
educated in the public and private schools 
of Erie, also at the Erie Academy, and 
prepared for college at Norristown, Penn- 
sylvania. After leaving school he was a 
clerk in his father's wholesale grocery 
store at Erie, and later became a junior 
partner in the business. In 1880 he came 
to New York City, where he engaged in 
a wholesale grocery and United States 
contract business, which was continued 
until 1906, when he retired from active 
pursuits. Early in the year 1900 he be- 
came interested in mining, and became 
identified with several gold and silver 
mining propositions in Utah and Nevada, 
later in gold mining in Bolivia, South 
America, and this has occupied his entire 
attention since his withdrawal from the 
grocery business. He is secretary, treas- 
urer and director of the Nevada and Utah 
Mines and Smelter Corporation, and sev- 
eral other corporations. He has traveled 
extensively in this country and in South 
America. He is a Republican in politics, 
but has never sought public office. He 
and his family are affiliated with the 
Protestant Episcopal church. He married 
Mary Emma, daughter of William Hos- 
kinson, in 1870, at Erie, Pennsylvania. 
She was born at Erie, in 1852, grand- 
daughter of Basil Hoskinson. Children : 
Agnes Walker, born at Erie, 1871, died 
there in 1883 ; Eleanor Palmer Moore, 
born at Erie, 1876, married, in 1894, Rob- 
ert Jarecki. 

John and Jane Wilson, ancestors of 
Ann Vance (Wilson) Caughey, emigrat- 
ed from the old country to Upton, Massa- 
chusetts, in the early part of the year 
1700. Their son Joseph was born at Up- 



475 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ton, Massachusetts, August 6, 1737, from 
whence he emigrated to Pennsylvania. 
He served as private in Captain James 
Cowden's company, Fourth Battalion of 
Lancaster County, Colonel James Burd ; 
enlisted March 13, 1776 (Penn. Archives, 
2nd Series, vol. 13, pp. 307-308). His sec- 
ond service was as private in Captain 
James Rogers' company, Colonel Timo- 
thy Green. His third service was in Han- 
over Rifle Battalion Company, Lancaster 
County Associators, destined for camp in 
the Jerseys, June 6, 1776 (Penn. Archives, 
2nd Series, vol. 13, pp. 320-321). His 
fourth service was as ensign in Captain 
Joseph McClure's Sixth company. Sixth 
Battalion Lancaster Associators, Colonel 
James Rogers, 1777, called into active 
service in August, 1777 (Penn. Archives, 
2nd Series, vol. 13, pp. 358-359-479)- 
Joseph Wilson took the oath of al- 
legiance, August 22, 1777 (Penn. Ar- 
chives, 2nd Series, vol. 13, p. 405). 
Joseph Wilson emigrated to Westmore- 
land county, Pennsylvania, and his fifth 
service was as private in Captain Hugh 
Mitchell's company, of Westmoreland 
County Militia, from 1779 to 1782 (Penn. 
Archives, 2nd Series, vol. 14, p. 694). Jo- 
seph Wilson was in that part of West- 
moreland county which was organized 
into Washington county. His sixth ser- 
vice was as private in Captain William 
Scott's company, of Washington County 
Militia, from 1782 to 1785 (Penn. Ar- 
chives, 2nd Series, vol. 14, p. 750). His 
son Miles married Jane Vance, daughter 
of Private David Vance, who served in 
Captain William Brown's company. Colo- 
nel Timothy Green's Battalion of Lan- 
caster County Militia, destined for the 
camp in the Jerseys, August 31, 1776 
(Penn. Archives, 2nd Series, vol. 13, pp. 
320-321). He afterwards emigrated to 
Westmoreland county, and in September, 
1778, was a captain of militia of that 
county (Penn. Archives, 2nd Series, vol. 
14, p. 894). After David Vance was dis- 



charged from service in New Jersey, he 
married Jane, daughter of Moses Quim- 
by, and emigrated with her to Westmore- 
land county. There he joined an expe- 
dition to Kentucky as captain, and settled 
at Fort Boone, and served under Colonel 
Boone in warfare with the Indians, and 
was one of the survivors of the Blue Lick 
Massacre, and it is said that after being 
badly wounded his life was saved by his 
dog. Private Moses Quimby, of Captain 
Squire's company, of New Jersey troops, 
stationed at Newark, New Jersey, Ma- 
jor Samuel Hayes, commander, entered 
service September 17, 1777, and was dis- 
charged October i, 1777. Ann Vance, 
daughter of Miles and Jane (Vance) Wil- 
son, married John Caughey, aforemen- 
tioned. 



TREDWAY, William Thomas, 

Iiawyer, Iieader in Commnnlty Affalri. 

The Bar of Pittsburgh is of ancient or- 
igin and honorable record. Older than 
our independence, its annals form part of 
our Colonial, Revolutionary and National 
history. With each decade it has ac- 
quired new luster and to-day stands un- 
rivalled in all that makes for the best in 
jurisprudence, practice and culture. Con- 
spicuous among those who now maintain 
its ancient prestige is William Thomas 
Tredway, for a score of years a leader in 
his profession, actively associated with 
the political interests of the Iron City 
and intimately identified with the best 
elements of her life and progress. 

William Thomas Tredway was born 
February 12, 1862, near Warsaw, Co- 
shocton county, Ohio, and is a son of 
Crispen and Melvina (James) Tredway. 
His ancestors were farmers, owning and 
cultivating large tracts of land, and on 
the paternal side were of English origin, 
the maternal lineage being German. The 
boy was brought up on his father's farm, 
receiving his early education in public 



476 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and private schools and being prepared 
for college at Jefferson Academy, Canons- 
burg, Pennsylvania. The training which 
he received at this institution would, 
however, have availed him nothing had 
he not possessed a strength of purpose 
which refused to recognize obstacles. 
By teaching a country school and study- 
ing much at night he was enabled to 
enter Washington and Jefferson College, 
graduating in 1886. He was class poet 
and business manager of the "Washing- 
ton Jeffersonian," the class publication. 
On September 17, 1886, he registered as 
a law student and read law with the firm 
of Weir & Garrison, being admitted, De- 
cember 22, 1888, on motion of Solomon 
Schoyer, Jr., to the Allegheny county 
bar. 

Until April, 1892, Mr. Tredway prac- 
ticed in connection with the firm of Weir 
& Garrison, then became associated with 
Stone & Potter, with which firm and its 
successors he remained for a considerable 
period. Mr. Tredway now conducts a 
general and corporation practice, stand- 
ing high in the esteem of his professional 
brethren and of the public at large. Pos- 
sessing that judicial instinct which makes 
its way quickly through immaterial de- 
tails to the essential points upon which 
the determination of a cause must turn, 
his arguments are ever logical, forcible 
and clear, and his utterances carry con- 
viction with them. He is noted for his 
quick appreciation of the points counsel 
are endeavoring to establish and for his 
invariable success in getting to the root 
of the matter by questions during argu- 
ment. He has a broad, comprehensive 
grasp of all subjects that come before 
him and an unusual facility in penetrat- 
ing to the bottom of every contention 
submitted. He is counsel for the East 
End Savings and Trust Company, the 
Ohio Valley Trust Company, the Coraop- 
olis National Bank, the Logan County 
Coraopolis Industrial Company, the 



Coraopolis Building and Loan Associa- 
tion, the Coraopolis Realty Company and 
the Coraopolis Board of Trade. 

As a citizen with exalted ideas of good 
government and civic virtue Mr. Tred- 
way stands in the front rank. In politics 
he is a Republican, and in 1906 was 
elected vice-chairman of the county com- 
mittee, succeeding William A. Magee. 
At a noted meeting of the committee that 
was called together afterward Mr. Tred- 
way was re-elected. He has been many 
times a delegate to the Republican state 
convention, but notwithstanding the ac- 
tive interest which he has always taken 
in politics has steadily refused to become 
a candidate for office, preferring to con- 
centrate his energies on his professional 
duties. No plan for the betterment of 
Pittsburgh finds him unresponsive and no 
good work done in the name of charity 
or religion seeks his co-operation in vain. 
He is the owner of much real estate and 
is a fine judge of landed property, being 
quick to detect its dormant possibilities. 

In appearance no less than in charac- 
ter and temperament Mr. Tredway is a 
perfect type of the able, aggressive law- 
yer and earnest, public-spirited citizen. 
Tall and fine-looking, with strong, in- 
cisive face, dark hair and mustache, dark, 
penetrating eyes which, with all their 
keenness, hold in their depths the glint 
of humor, dignified and at the same time 
alert in bearing, his presence carries with 
it the suggestion of intense individuality. 
One of his most conspicuous traits is his 
fidelity. To whatever he undertakes he 
gives his whole soul, allowing none of 
the many interests intrusted to his care 
to suffer for want of close and able at- 
tention and industry. In all his relations 
to the bar he is essentially courteous and 
affable, but always dignified. In private 
life he is one of the most genial and com- 
panionable of men. Loyal and warm- 
hearted, the number of his friends is 
legion. 



477 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Mr. Tredway married, March 14, 1894, 
Cora Alice, daughter of Thomas F. and 
Mary A. (Moore) Watson, of CoraopoHs, 
Pennsylvania, and they are the parents of 
two children : Jean and William T. Mrs. 
Tredway, a woman of charming person- 
ality, is admirably fitted by mental en- 
dowments, thorough education and innate 
grace and refinement for her position as 
one of the potent factors of Pittsburgh 
society, and is withal a most accomplished 
home-maker, causing her husband to find 
his fireside a never-failing refuge from 
the cares and excitements of a peculiarly 
strenuous professional life. Mr. Tred- 
way is a man to whom the ties of family 
and friendship are sacred and his happiest 
hours are passed in the home circle. One 
of his greatest pleasures consists in the 
exercise of hospitality. 

The professional career of Mr. Tred- 
way has thus far been rich in results, but 
before predicting its future it is necessary 
to remember that the years between forty 
and sixty have been said to be the most 
brilliant and fruitful period in the lives of 
men of distinguished ability ; also, that 
the nation has called to serve her, in 
positions of exalted responsibility, mem- 
bers of the Pittsburgh Bar, and that those 
whom she has thus honored have been 
men of the type of William Thomas 
Tredway. 



MOORE, Samuel EUis, 

Originator of Accounting System. 

A name thoroughly familiar to every 
Pittsburgher, and especially to all those 
in any way associated with the steel in- 
dustry, is that of the late Samijel Ellis 
Moore, originator of the System of Ac- 
counting now followed in principle by all 
the iron and steel firms of the Pittsburgh 
district. Mr. Moore was a life-long resi- 
dent of Pittsburgh and was officially 
identified with leading manufacturing or- 



ganizations and with enterprises of great 
public importance. 

John B. Moore, father of Samuel Ellis 
Moore, was born May 25, 1822, and mar- 
ried Elizabeth, daughter of William and 
Katharine Ellis. Their children were: 
John ; Samuel Ellis, mentioned below ; 
William, Charles, Benjamin, Mrs. Maria 
Dumbrill, of Philadelphia; Miss Ehza- 
beth Moore, and Mrs. Annie Sutherland. 
The two last named are of Pittsburgh, as 
are John, William and Charles. Benja- 
min is of Chicago. John B. Moore, the 
father, died May 22, 1884. 

Samuel Ellis, son of John B. and Eliza- 
beth (Ellis) Moore, was born January 
17, 1850, in Fountain street, Pittsburgh, 
and received his education in the public 
schools of the Fourth Ward. His first 
employment was in August, 1862, under 
D. A. Stewart, then Pittsburgh freight 
agent for the Pennsylvania Railroad 
Company. In 1868 he entered the service 
of the old iron firm of James Wood & 
Company, and it was during this period 
that he originated the system of ac- 
counting by which his name will always 
be perpetuated. By a noteworthy coinci- 
dence, Mr. Moore and his first employer, 
Mr. D. A. Stewart, entered the service of 
Carnegie Brothers at the same time, the 
former as clerk in the auditing depart- 
ment. Mr. Stewart afterward became 
chairman, and Mr. Moore, by successive 
promotions, found himself, in 1884, in 
the position of auditor, later becoming a 
partner in the firm, remaining until the 
formation of the Carnegie Steel Company. 
Throughout his business career, capable 
management, unfaltering enterprise and a 
spirit of justice were well-balanced fac- 
tors, and never did he make the grave 
mistake of regarding his employees 
merely as parts of a great machine, but, 
on the contrary, recognized their indi- 
viduality, making it a rule that faithful 
and efficient service should be promptly 



478 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



rewarded with promotion as opportunity 
offered. 

A man of action rather than words, 
Mr. Moore demonstrated his public 
spirit by actual achievements which ad- 
vanced the prosperity and wealth of the 
community. As president of the Burrell 
Improvement Company, which he or- 
ganized in 1890, he is entitled to be called 
the founder of the town of New Ken- 
sington, and as such his name will ever 
be recorded in the annals of the county. 
The town was laid out by the Burrell 
Company, and within five years a pros- 
perous community came into existence. 
The "Kensington boom" was one of the 
most remarkable land movements ever 
witnessed in Western Pennsylvania. 
Later Mr. Moore became heavily inter- 
ested in Michigan real estate. In 1900 he 
was made auditor of the Consolidated 
Traction Company, and January i, 1902, 
succeeded to the same office in the 
Pressed Steel Car Company. 

In everything pertaining to the wel- 
fare of his home city, Mr. Moore's in- 
terest was deep and sincere, and wher- 
ever substantial aid would further pub- 
lic progress it was freely given. A Re- 
publican in politics, he could never be 
persuaded to accept office, but as a vigi- 
lant and attentive observer of men and 
measures, holding sound opinions and 
taking liberal views, his ideas carried 
weight among those with whom he dis- 
cussed public problems. His rapidity of 
judgment enabled him in the midst of 
incessant business activity to give to the 
affairs of the community effort and coun- 
sel of genuine value, and his penetrating 
thought has often added wisdom to pub- 
lic movements. No good work done in 
the name of charity or religion sought his 
co-operation in vain, and in his work of 
this character he brought to bear the 
same discrimination and thoroughness 
that were manifest in his business life. 

A lifelong advocate of the temperance 



cause, Mr. Moore was one of the leaders 
in the famous Francis Murphy move- 
ment, and hundreds of sober, industrious 
Pittsburghers and thousands of other 
men all over the world probably owe 
their lives to Samuel Ellis Moore, as the 
following record testifies : "In 1891 he or- 
ganized in Pittsburgh the first Bichloride 
of Gold Club in the world, its object be- 
ing to rescue men formerly addicted to 
drink. The movement grew with great 
rapidity. In 1892, at Dwight, Illinois, at 
a meeting of ten thousand delegates from 
all over this country and Europe, the first 
international convention of the Bichlor- 
ide of Gold Clubs elected him its presi- 
dent unanimously." 

To his responsibilities as auditor and 
man of affairs, Mr. Moore added numer- 
ous other interests. He was president of 
the Ontonagon Lumber Company of 
Michigan, and at the head of all the water, 
gas, heat, light, power and electric rail- 
way companies of New Kensington. In 
June, 1908, only two months before his 
death, he was named a member of the 
Carnegie Technical Schools Committee. 
As a personal friend of Mr. Carnegie he 
took a deep interest in the latter's work 
and was ever ready to render him all the 
assistance in his power. 

The personality of Air. Moore was that 
of a man of strong will, inflexible pur- 
pose and sound judgment — characteris- 
tics which constituted the foundation of 
his successful career and were plainly 
stamped upon his countenance. These 
sterling qualities of manhood were united 
with a genial nature which recognized 
and appreciated the good in others and 
drew around him a large circle of warmly 
attached and loyal friends. A man of 
valiant fidelity, to whatever he undertook 
he gave his whole soul, allowing none of 
the many interests intrusted to his care 
to suffer for want of close and able at- 
tention and industry. Few men in Pitts- 
burgh had a more extensive acquaintance. 



479 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



despite the fact that he belonged to no 
clubs, lodges or other social and fraternal 
organizations. At the time of his death 
he had long been regarded as the "court 
of last resort" in questions of accounting, 
and he was also the originator of the 
voucher check system which, in large es- 
tablishments, so greatly simplified the 
work of the auditor. 

Mr. Moore married, May 29, 1878, Ma- 
tilda Frances, daughter of Nicholas and 
Elleanor Kelley, of Pittsburgh. Having 
no children of his own, he adopted two 
nieces and a nephew, to whom he gave 
the care and guidance and the tender af- 
fection of a father. The ties of family 
and friendship were sacred to him and he 
delighted in the exercise of hospitality. 

On August 10, 1908, Mr. Moore passed 
away, leaving the memory of one who in 
public and private was actuated by one 
high motive — the welfare of all whom he 
served and of all with whom he served. 
Never, in passing on to a position of 
wealth and prominence, did he neglect an 
opportunity to assist one less fortunate 
than himself, and his life was in large 
measure an exemplification of his belief in 
the brotherhood of mankind. Over the 
record of his entire career there falls no 
shadow of wrong nor suspicion of evil. 
To few men has it been given to serve 
their day and generation as variously as 
did Samuel Ellis Moore. As accountant, 
man of affairs and citizen his record is 
one of ability, accomplishment and bene- 
ficence. Would that Pittsburgh and 
Pennsylvania had more like him ! 



POST, George Adams, 

President Railway Business Association. 

The history of Hon. George Adams 
Post portrays a man of unusual ability. 
Beginning life as an assistant in a rail- 
road freight office, he steadily advanced 
himself in the confidence and esteem of 
those in power until he has attained the 



distinction of being president of the Rail- 
way Business Association of the United 
States, an organization designed to secure 
the co-operation of various railways with 
each other for their common advance- 
ment, and to promote harmonious rela- 
tions of the general public toward the 
railways, in the common interest of all. 
This end expressly declared and sought 
to be attained is unique in railroad his- 
tory; and the development of that policy 
has been left largely to the direction of 
the organization's president, George 
Adams Post. 

He began his career at Cuba, Alle- 
gany county. New York, where he was 
born September i, 1854. His father, Ira 
Allen Post, was born March 17, 1820, 
at Henrietta, Monroe county. New York ; 
was for many years a railroad conductor 
and station agent in the employ of the 
Erie Railroad, and died in 1893, in Sus- 
quehanna county, Pennsylvania. His 
mother was Harriet Newell Curtis, 

daughter of Newman and (Van 

Bergen) Curtis, who was born April 23, 
1826, and died in 1903, in Owego, New 
York. 

Their son attended the public schools 
of Tioga county, New York, and studied 
at the Owego Academy, and at the Os- 
wego Normal School, of Oswego, New 
York. At eighteen years of age, April i, 
1873, he entered the employ of the Erie 
Railroad as clerk in the freight office at 
Susquehanna, Pennsylvania, and served 
in various capacities until November, 
1883. During that employment he 
studied law in the evenings, and in that 
manner acquired a knowledge of that 
profession, which enabled him to be ad- 
mitted to the Pennsylvania State bar of 
Susquehanna county, in August, 1882. 

Meanwhile he had taken an active in- 
terest in local politics ; in February, 1877, 
he was nominated and elected mayor of 
Susquehanna, a village and station in 
Susquehanna county, Pennsylvania, on 



480 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the Democratic ticket, he being only 
twenty-three years of age, and served 
one year. He was a candidate for presi- 
dential elector on the Democratic ticket 
in 1880, but with his colleagues on the 
ticket was defeated. In 1883 he was 
elected to the 48th Congress from the 
Fifteenth Pennsylvania district, as a 
Democrat, by 11,555 votes, as against 9,- 
loi votes and 5,675 votes for his two 
principal opponents. He served two 
years, and was a member of the com- 
mittee on Pacific Railroads, the special 
committee on pairs ; and was secretary 
of the Democratic House Caucus of the 
Joint Caucus of Senators and Represen- 
tatives, in Congress. He was chosen sec- 
retary of the Democratic Congressional 
Committee for the campaign of 1884, and 
was a delegate to the National Conven- 
tion. He was temporary chairman of the 
Pennsylvania Democratic State Conven- 
tion which met at AUentown, Pennsyl- 
vania, in 1887, and took an active part in 
the campaign that year. 

In 1883 he bought one-half interest in 
the "Montrose Democrat," published at 
Montrose, the county seat of Susque- 
hanna county, and edited that paper until 
March i, 1889, in connection with his 
practice of law and congressional ser- 
vice at Washington. He came to New 
York City in March of that year, and 
served about two years on the "New 
York World" news editorial staff until 
1891 ; and soon thereafter became identi- 
fied with various manufacturing enter- 
prises in and around New York. He was 
vice-president of the Standard Coupler 
Company of New York from 1892 to 
1894, and president of the same since 
that time. The company is engaged in 
the manufacture of railroad equipment 
and supplies. In 1904 he was elected 
chairman of the executive committee of 
the Railways Supplymen's Association. 
In 1905 he was chosen chairman of the 
American Railway Appliance Association, 

48: 



when he gave a great exhibition of rail- 
way appliances at Washington, D. C, in 
connection with the International Rail- 
way Congress. Soon after that time the 
Railway Business Association of the 
United States was organized, and Mr. 
Post was elected president of the same, 
which position he has continued to fill to 
the present time (1913) with credit to 
himself and the organization. The pur- 
pose of this association is to bring about 
harmonious relations between the rail- 
roads of the country and the public who 
patronize those roads. To this end Mi". 
Post has frequently made addresses be- 
fore State legislatures, public meetings 
and banquets, appealing for fair play to 
all concerned in railway controversy, and 
to enlighten the public on questions af- 
fecting railroads. This work has earned 
for him the sobriquet of the "Apostle of 
good humor," and is a work which has 
afforded him a great field of usefulness. 

On June 22, 1881, he married Minnie 
C. Munson, daughter of Thomas T. Mun- 
son, of Susquehanna, Pennsylvania. She 
was born in Susquehanna county, and 
they have one son, George Adams Post, 
born February 26, 1883, at Susquehanna, 
Pennsylvania. He graduated from Gram- 
mar School No. 54, New York City, then 
prepared for college at Stevens Institute, 
Hoboken. New Jersey, and later entered 
Cornell (New York) University, in 1901, 
from which he graduated in 1905, as 
mechanical engineer. He married Har- 
riet Schneider, September 6, 191 1, at New 
York City. 

While living at Susquehanna, Pennsyl- 
vania, George A. Post Sr. was lieutenant 
in Company G, 13th Infantry Regiment, 
National Guard of Pennsylvania. He is 
a member of the Pennsylvania Society in 
New York ; also of the Railroad Club, 
and of the Machinery Club, of New York. 
When the last mentioned was organized, 
in 1907, Mr. Post was made a member of 
its board of governors, also served as 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



chairman of its finance committee for two 
years, then vice-president for two years, 
and in 1911-12 was president of the club. 
He was a member of the Council of the 
Pennsylvania Society of New York City 
from 1909 to 191 1, and is a member of the 
board of governors of the Somerville 
Country Club of Somerville, New Jersey. 
He was a charter member of Keystone 
Lodge, Knights of Honor, in Pennsyl- 
vania, and later became its chief execu- 
tive officer in the State. He also was a 
charter member of Susquehanna Lodge 
of the Royal Arcanum ; is a member of 
Starrucca Blue Lodge, Free and Accepted 
Masons ; and was brought up in the faith 
of the Methodist Episcopal church. 



BLOXHAM, Clarence Livingston, 

Auditor ITnion Tank Line Co. 

Mr. Clarence L. Bloxham, auditor of 
the Union Tank Line Company, with of- 
fices at No. 26 Broadway, New York 
City, is a resident of Verona, New Jer- 
sey. He is a native of Pennsylvania, 
having been born in this State, at Ararat, 
Susquehanna county, July 6, 1873 ! ^^^ 
bears a strong and loyal affection for the 
place of his birth. 

His early education was received in the 
district and public schools of Ararat, 
where he made continuous and satisfac- 
tory progress in his studies along the 
usual lines of a good general education. 
After this fundamental educational equip- 
ment for battle with the world, Mr. Blox- 
ham selected pharmacy for his field of 
action, and was accordingly admitted as 
a student to the New York College of 
Pharmacy, from which, after the usual 
course, he was graduated with honors in 
the class of 1897, receiving his degree of 
Ph.G. After his graduation, he entered 
at once upon the practice of his new pro- 
fession in Montclair, New Jersey, and 
afterward at Plainfield, in the same State, 
continuing thus as a pharmacist for the 



ensuing ten years. At the expiration of 
this time he gave up his profession, and 
became an inspector, working up to as- 
sistant foreman and foreman of a car- 
works corporation, being an excellent 
mathematician and of an accounting turn 
of mind, becoming so proficient and thor- 
ough in this new field of labor that he 
subsequently became an auditor of the 
Union Tank Line, the position in which 
he is at present engaged, having taken 
up his residence in Verona, and estab- 
lished himself in his business oflSces in 
New York. Mr. Bloxham has won for 
himself in the past decade the sincere re- 
gard and esteem of a wide circle of busi- 
ness friends and associates, and is well 
known in the commercial world. He is 
popular among his acquaintances, but is 
not a clubman, making business his par- 
amount interest, although he does not 
neglect the social amenities. 

By reason of his ancestry he is fond 
of all things English, his grandfather, Ed- 
ward Bloxham, having come over from 
England during the early part of the last 
century and settled on a farm at Ararat, 
Pennsylvania. Mr. Bloxham's father, 
William George Bloxham, also a farmer, 
was born in 1834, at Jackson, Susque- 
hanna county, dying there in 1882. Mr. 
Bloxham's mother, who was a Miss Jane 
Dunn before her marriage, was born at 
Herrick, Susquehanna county, in 1834, 
dying in 1879. There were seven chil- 
dren in the family: Clarence Livingston, 
who is at present under consideration ; 
Charles Mason, born at Ararat in De- 
cember, 1869, and married to Miss Eva 
Wilder; Eva Sophia, born at Ararat, and 
now deceased ; Mary Elizabeth, born at 
Ararat, and now married to Mr. George 
E. Delany ; Delphine, born at Ararat, and 
married to Mr. William Wier; Abagail, 
married to Homer Wilcox, both now de- 
ceased; Alice Jane, married to Ora T. 
Culver. 

Mr. Bloxham, like the rest of his fam- 



482 





^-<;^ ^y^^u-'^^f-^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ily, is a member of the Methodist Epis- 
copal church. He was married, in Sep- 
tember, 1904, to Miss Pearl Thorpe, born 
July 17, 1876, in Cleveland, Ohio, daugh- 
ter of Mr. Clark Thorpe, of that city. 
Mr. and Mrs. Bloxham have one son, 
William Robert Bloxham, born Decem- 
ber 6, 191 1, at Newark, New Jersey. 

Though Mr. Bloxham is a most public- 
spirited citizen, taking a keen interest in 
the good of the community, he is not 
prominent as a politician, nor does he 
seek office; he is a member of the Pro- 
hibition party, whose principles he warm- 
ly espouses, and whose best interest he 
consistently upholds. 



NEWMYER, John Stricklter, 

Man of Large ASairi. 

The position of Pennsylvania in the 
Union is a dominant one, made so by 
her people — active, alert and ever en- 
gaged in those enterprises from which 
spring success, power, wealth, fame and 
fortune. The rich coal beds, the valu- 
able iron deposits of the Keystone State 
would be as naught but for the labor, 
intelligence and aggressiveness of her 
sons, and conspicuous among those who 
aided in their development was the late 
John Strickler Newmyer, of Dawson, gen- 
eral manager of the Washington Coal 
and Coke Company. For a quarter of a 
century Mr. Newmyer was a power in 
the industrial world of Western Penn- 
sylvania and was prominently identified 
with the best and leading interests of his 
community. 

Peter Newmyer, great-grandfather of 
John Strickler Newmyer, migrated dur- 
ing the Revolutionary war from the east- 
ern part of the State, and settled in Bull- 
skin township, Pennsylvania, where he 
engaged in farming, making a home in 
the wilderness for himself and his de- 
scendants. 

Jacob, eldest of the eight children of 



Peter Newmyer, was born in 1784. Like 
his father, he followed the calling of a 
farmer. He married and was the father 
of eight children. His death occurred 
in 1864. 

Jacob (2), son of Jacob (i) Newmyer, 
was born April 29, 1817, and was the 
third in a line of farmers. He married, 
in 1842, Mary, daughter of John Strick- 
ler, and among the six children born to 
them was John Strickler, mentioned be- 
low. Jacob Newmyer was a Republican, 
and a member of the Christian church, as 
his father had been before him. He lived 
to the venerable age of ninety-two, re- 
spected by the entire community of 
Lower Tyrone township. 

John Strickler, son of Jacob (2) and 
Mary (Strickler) Newmyer, was born De- 
cember 17, 1847, on his father's farm in 
Lower Tyrone township, Fayette county, 
Pennsylvania. He received such advan- 
tages of education as the neighboring 
country school afforded, and during his 
early manhood engaged in agricultural 
pursuits. Coal was discovered on the 
farm in large quantities, and in the spring 
of 1880 he formed, with his father and his 
brother James, the firm of Newmyer & 
Sons, and abandoned the tillage of the 
soil in order to mine and coke the rich 
deposits found therein. The mines on 
the estate are now known as the Cora 
mines, and with their development be- 
gan that series of speculations which was 
to make John Strickler Newmyer the 
pioneer of the Lower Connellsville coke 
region and to spread his fame throughout 
his native State. At their inception the 
firm operated forty-two coke ovens. 
Twelve years later, in another enter- 
prise, the number operated by Mr. New- 
myer was one thousand. In the spring 
of 1891, this aggressive business man, 
with a foresight which was beyond the 
comprehension of any of his contempo- 
raries, began the purchase of coal lands 
in Perry and Washington townships, just 



483 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



outside the limits of the Connellsville re- 
gion as recognized by the United States 
Geological Survey. He bought over one 
thousand acres of what is now the finest 
steam coal land in Western Pennsylvania, 
paying from $50 to $150 an acre. In mak- 
ing this venture he was generally thought 
to be misled, but the result more than 
justified the accuracy of his judgment. 
The next step was the organization of 
the Washington Coal and Coke Company. 
Mr. Newmyer had fifty ovens built, a 
shaft sunk and a joist set at Star Junc- 
tion, and in July, 1891, made application 
for a charter. With characteristic kind- 
liness he gave his neighbors the first op- 
portunity of becoming members of the 
new company, which in August, under 
his general management, entered upon a 
brilliant career of activity. The pioneer 
plant comprised 1,000 coke ovens, with 
a daily capacity of 6,000 tons, both coal 
and coke. In the whole Lower Connells- 
ville region there are now 8,400 ovens, 
with a weekly capacity of more than 
100,000 tons. Men never hesitate to fol- 
low a leader when they can find one like 
John Strickler Newmyer. 

As general manager of the Washing- 
ton Coal and Coke Company, his business 
interests were of a most important na- 
ture, demanding the services of one whose 
ability was of a superior order and whose 
well-balanced forces were manifest in 
sound judgment and a ready and rapid 
understanding of any problem that might 
be presented for solution. Possessing as 
he did that greatest of all assets, — per- 
sonality, — he placed upon every enter- 
prise with which he was connected an in- 
delible and unmistakable stamp, the 
stamp of the vitalizing energy of a sin- 
gularly strong nature. His subordinates 
were enthusiastically devoted to his in- 
terests, the result of the unvarying jus- 
tice and kindliness which had ever 
marked his relations with them, and to 



which no small portion of his success was 
undoubtedly to be attributed. 

Widely sought as a member of boards 
of directors, Mr. Newijiyer was at the 
time of his death, in addition to being a 
director and large stockholder in the 
Washington Coal and Coke Company, a 
stockholder, director and general man- 
ager of the Dawson Electric Power and 
Light Company and the Washington Run 
Railroad Company. He was a director 
and chairman of the board of managers 
of the Star Supply Company, a stock- 
holder and director of the Cochran Coal 
and Coke Company, and a shareholder 
and director of the First National Bank 
of Dawson and of Star Junction, a city 
in the founding of which he was largely 
instrumental. He was also a stockholder 
and director in the Industrial National 
Bank of Pittsburgh and held titles to 
sixty thousand acres of undeveloped coal 
land in West Virginia. 

As a citizen with exalted ideas of good 
government and civic virtue, Mr. New- 
myer stood in the front rank, and as a 
vigilant and attentive observer of men 
and measures, holding sound opinions 
and liberal views, his ideas carried weight 
among those with whom he discussed 
public problems. Every ready to respond 
to any deserving call made upon him, the 
full number of his benefactions will, in 
all probability, never be known to the 
world, for his charity was of the kind 
that shuns publicity. He belonged to 
the Royal Arcanum of Dawson, the 
Monongahela Club of Pittsburgh, and for 
many years served as deacon in the 
Christian church. The Bethel Christian 
Church, which for a long period he at- 
tended regularly with his family, stands 
on the site of the homestead in Lower 
Tyrone township, the interior being fit- 
ted, through the liberality of Mr. and 
Mrs. Newmyer, with mahogany, and trees 
and shrubbery being planted about the 
building. 



484 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



The personal appearance of Mr. New- 
myer was striking, and once seen, he was 
not easily forgotten. Of imposing pro- 
portions, his strongly marked features ac- 
centuated by a dark brown mustache and 
his whole countenance illumined by eyes 
piercing in the intensity of their gaze and 
yet holding in their depths the glint of 
humor, he was one who drew men to him. 
Of a nature so genial and sympathetic 
as to possess a rare magnetism he in- 
spired the same loyal friendship which 
was ever one of his salient characteristics. 
He was a man of noble aspirations, plac- 
ing humanity above money, and seeking 
rather to accomplish large results than to 
accumulate mere wealth. 

Mr. Newmyer married, October 22, 
1868, Lucy Frick, daughter of Samuel 
and Harriet Gallatin, the former a col- 
lateral descendant of Albert Gallatin, the 
distinguished Swiss emigre, prominent 
as the congressional rival of John Quincy 
Adams and as secretary of the treasury 
and minister, first to France and then to 
England. Mr. and Mrs. Newmyer were 
the parents of three daughters: Cora, 
wife of Frank Tucker, of Youngstown, 
Ohio; Mary, wife of O. R. Degelman, of 
Pittsburgh; and Bessie, wife of A. J. 
Wurtz, also of Pittsburgh. In Mrs. New- 
myer, a woman of culture and character, 
her husband ever found, throughout their 
union of nearly forty years, a helpmate 
truly ideal, sympathizing, inspiring and 
soothing, causing him to enjoy in his 
home his highest happiness and most per- 
fect repose. Devotion to his family was 
the ruling motive in Mr. Newmyer's life, 
and the beautiful and costly residence 
which he erected in Dawson was the 
shrine of his fondest affections. Mrs. 
Newmyer was one of the city's most 
charming and popular hostesses and few 
men have had more notable social gifts 
than those with which Mr. Newmyer was 
liberally endowed. Mrs. Newmyer now 
resides in Pittsburgh, she and her two 



daughters being among the recognized 
leaders of society in that city. 

In the prime of life Mr. Newmyer 
closed his brilliant and honorable career, 
passing away, July 14, 1906, leaving the 
record of a course of years in which 
marked business ability and humanitari- 
anism were well balanced forces. The 
absolute confidence and highest esteem of 
the community were his. He was an ad- 
ministrative genius and a true man. Some 
men, like radium, seem to possess that 
secret of perpetual energy which science 
cannot explain. One of these men was 
John Strickler Newmyer and his name 
will live in the annals of his native State 
as that of one of the Makers of Modern 
Pennsylvania. 



MEARS, Clem Bird, 

Financier. 

Mr. Clem B. Mears, member of the firm 
of H. L. Horton & Company, No. 60 
Broadway, New York City, and one of 
the most prominent stock brokers in New 
York, is a resident of Jersey City, where 
he has a delightful home at No. 74 Bent- 
ley Avenue. Mr. Mears is a native, how- 
ever, of Berwick, Pennsylvania, where he 
was born April 13, 1859. His father was 
Jeremiah Hewes Mears, who died in De- 
cember, 1886, having been widely known 
as an architect and contractor, largely in- 
terested in local mining interests. Mr. 
Mears' mother was Miss Catharine Jane 
Hull prior to her marriage ; she was a 
native of Berwick, Pennsylvania, where 
she was born March 2, 1836. Mr. Mears 
has one sister, Elizabeth Maud, born at 
Berwick, March 11, 1866, who is married 
to Mr. Barton Dill Freas, and has one 
son, Frederic Mears Freas. The Mears 
family is of old colonial stock, and one of 
the oldest in this section. 

Mr. Mears received his early education 
in the public schools of Berwick, includ- 
ing the high school there, and at private 



485 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



schools in Shenandoah, Pennsylvania. He 
entered business life at the conclusion of 
his early studies, in the capacity of mes- 
senger boy in a book and stationery store. 
Being of an unusually active disposition 
and with a bright mind, he gathered 
knowledge in every way and from all 
sources. As there was a telegraph office 
in the establishment in which he was em- 
ployed, his interest was at once attracted, 
and he soon picked up a knowledge of 
telegraphy, becoming eventually one of 
the most expert operators in the United 
States, as well as the youngest. In the 
practice of this art he realized at an early 
day the necessity for a more thorough 
education that he at that time possessed, 
and, with a rare amount of common sense, 
left his business and returned to school in 
order to obtain this. The event justified 
his good judgment, and upon finally leav- 
ing school he re-entered business life, be- 
coming manager of the Western Union 
Telegraph office at Shenandoah. Here he 
remained until 1878, when he left Shenan- 
doah, and going to New York received 
the appointment of Western Union Tele- 
graph operator at the New York Stock 
Exchange, continuing there for a year. 

In 1879 he entered the employ of 
Messrs. H. L. Horton & Company, stock 
brokers, in the capacity of telegraph 
clerk, and his quickness, adaptability, and 
general worth soon earned for him the 
position of manager of the office. He 
rapidly rose in the esteem of the firm 
and, acquiring a thorough knowledge of 
the business in all of its details, became 
indispensable to them, and finally, in 1900, 
was admitted into the partnership. The 
firm has now been in business for a period 
of more than fifty years and is one of the 
best known and most eminently respected 
in New York City. 

Mr. Mears has won for himself per- 
sonally a regard that is very enviable, 
not only among his business associates 
and other brokers and dealers, but in pub- 



lic life generally. He is officially con- 
nected with a number of public and pri- 
vate enterprises for the good of the com- 
munity, and is a director and trustee of 
the Home for the Homeless in Jersey City. 
He is a member of the organization of 
the Pilgrims of the United States, and of 
the Pennsylvania Society of New York 
City, being a loyal lover of his native 
State. He is deeply interested in Free- 
masonry, and is a member and past mas- 
ter of Jersey City Lodge No. 74, Free 
and Accepted Masons ; he is also a mem- 
ber of the Scottish Rite Masons, having 
been for many years their treasurer; and 
was largely instrumental in the erection 
of their beautiful Temple in Jersey City. 
Mr. Mears is also a popular clubman, and 
is a member of a number of the most ex- 
clusive clubs of New York City, belong- 
ing to the Union League and Lotus clubs. 
He is keenly interested in athletic and all 
out-of-door sports and exercises, having 
membership in the New York Athletic 
Club and the Columljia Yacht Club. He 
belongs also to the Auto Club of Amer- 
ica, and to that of Hudson county. New 
Jersey, as well as to the Automobile and 
Motor Club of Newark, being a great au- 
tomobilist and the possessor of fine cars. 
Mr. Mears is also a member of the New 
York Cotton Exchange. In politics he is 
a Republican, his opinion being of con- 
siderable weight among his associates, 
and his influence strong for the public 
good. As an enthusiastic disciple of Isaak 
Walton, Mr. Mears is well known among 
the lovers of the gentle art, and is par- 
ticularly fond of bass fishing, having 
written magazine articles on the subject, 
showing the delights and benefits of this 
recreation. He is also interested in ama- 
teur photography, with a keen and alert 
enjoyment of out of doors and its many 
healthful and invigorating sports. Mr. 
Mears is a member of the First Presby- 
terian Church in Jersey City, of which his 
family are also attendants. 



486 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



On March 3, 1886, he was married to 
Miss Eleanor Onslow, daughter of 
Adolph Onslow, of Piedmont, New York, 
where she was born. Mr. and Mrs. Mears 
have one child, a daughter. Hazel Mears, 
born September 25, 1893. 



FRUEAUFF, Frank W., 

Financier, Man of Affairs. 

Frank Wheatcroft Frueauflf, member of 
the well-known firm of Henry L. Doherty 
& Company, bankers, of New York City, 
vice-president of the Cities Service Com- 
pany, and prominently connected with a 
number of leading commercial and finan- 
cial organizations, is a representative of 
one of those Pennsylvania families of 
German origin which have been so large- 
ly instrumental in the upbuilding and 
maintenance of the industrial, financial 
and professional interests of the Keystone 
State. Mr. Frueauff has been for some 
years resident in New York City, and is 
widely known as a brilliantly successful 
man of affairs. 

His father, John Frederick Frueauflf, 
was born August 25, 1837, in Bethlehem, 
Pennsylvania, and educated at the Uni- 
versity of Heidelberg, Germany. He was 
a member of the legal profession. During 
the Civil War he enlisted for three 
months in the First Regiment, Pennsyl- 
vania Volunteer Infantry, and subse- 
quently served with the rank of major in 
the 153d Regiment Pennsylvania Volun- 
teer Infantry. During the mining ex- 
citement of 1879, Major Frueauff re- 
moved to Leadville, Colorado, and there 
engaged during the remainder of his life 
in the practice of his profession. He mar- 
ried, June 25, 1871, Annie Day Taggart, 
born March 2, 1850, near Northumber- 
land, Pennsylvania, daughter of M. H. 
Taggart, and their children were : John 
F., born April 8, 1872, now with the Spo- 
kane, Washington, Gas Company; Frank 
Wheatcroft, mentioned below; Harry D., 



born August 15, 1875, married Clara 
Dinwitta (since deceased), and is now 
manager of the Salina (Missouri) Elec- 
tric Light and Traction Company ; Wil- 
liam A., born December 12, 1876, now 
with the Power Company, Grand Junc- 
tion, Colorado ; Charles A., born April 29, 
1878, graduate of University of Michigan, 
now practicing law in New York City ; 
and Houston T., born February 17, 1887, 
died at the age of fourteen years. All 
these sons, with the exception of Houston 
T., the youngest and the sixth, who was 
born at Leadville, Colorado, were natives 
of Columbia, Pennsylvania. John Fred- 
erick Frueauff, the father, died November 
25, 1886, at Leadville, Colorado. 

Frank Wheatcroft, son of John Fred- 
erick and Annie Day (Taggart) Frueauff, 
was born March 29, 1874, at Columbia, 
Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, and re- 
ceived his education in the public schools 
of Leadville, Colorado, and in the Den- 
ver (Colorado) high school. After com- 
pleting his course of study he entered the 
service of the Denver Consolidated Elec- 
tric Company in the capacity of meter 
reader, his ability and faithfulness caus- 
ing him to be promoted successively to 
the positions of bookkeeper, assistant 
cashier and cashier. When the company 
was consolidated with the Denver Gas 
Company under the name of the Denver 
Gas and Electric Company, Mr. Frueauff 
first became its secretary and then gen- 
eral manager and vice-president. His firm 
is now operating and financing gas, elec- 
tric and street railway companies in vari- 
ous parts of the United States and Can- 
ada. 

His marvelous facility in the dispatch 
of business enables him, notwithstanding 
the engrossing demands and onerous 
duties of his position, to give due atten- 
tion to a number of other interests. In 
addition to his membership in the bank- 
ing firm of Henry L. Doherty & Com- 
pany, he is vice-president of the Doherty 



487 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Operating Company, the Pueblo Gas and 
Fuel Company of Colorado, the Lebanon 
Gas and Fuel Company of Pennsylvania, 
the Montgomery Light and Water Com- 
pany of Alabama, the Lincoln Gas and 
Electric Company of Colorado, the Em- 
pire District Electric Company of Mis- 
souri, the Spokane (Washington) Gas 
and Fuel Company, the Gas and Electric 
Securities Company, and a director in 
about thirty other public utility corpora- 
tions. He is the treasurer of the Summit 
County Power Company, Colorado, past 
president of the National Electric Light 
Association, and ex-president of the 
National Commercial Gas Association 
and the Colorado Light, Power and Rail- 
way Association. He affiliates with Den- 
ver Lodge, No. 5, F. and A. M., and be- 
longs to the Pennsylvania Society of New 
York City, the American Institute of 
Electrical Engineers, the Engineers' and 
Lawyers' clubs of New York City; the 
Denver, Athletic, Country, Motor, Over- 
land and Traffic clubs of Denver, Colo- 
rado; and the Garden City (Long Island) 
Club. He is a member of the Central 
Presbyterian Church, of Denver, Colo- 
rado. 

Mr. Frueauff married, November 30, 
1909, Antoinette, bo^n June 27, 1888, in 
Denver, Colorado, daughter of William 
R. and Minnie (Hall) Perry, and they 
are the parents of one daughter : Mar- 
garet Hall, born February 23, 1913, in 
Denver, Colorado. 

Some men there are whose activities 
are so varied and so widely scattered that 
they seem not to belong exclusively to 
any one city or State, and Frank Wheat- 
croft Frueauff is distinctly of this notable 
class of our citizens. The place of his 
nativity has, however, a claim prior and 
superior to that of any other, and it is 
by reason of the fact that he is by birth 
a Pennsylvanian that the old common- 
wealth claims him as her own and de- 



mands that his name shall be inscribed 
upon her annals. 



GIBSON, Capt. Francis Marion, 
Soldier, Fnblie Official. 

The Gibson family of Charleston, 
South Carolina, and of Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania, are of Scotch descent. 

James Gibson, the emigrant ancestor, 
was born in Scotland. He came to Amer- 
ica and married Elizabeth Capeland, of 
Pennsylvania; afterward he moved to 
Charleston, South Carolina, where some 
if not all of his children were born. 

James George, son of James and Eliza- 
beth (Capeland) Gibson, was born in 
1808, at Charleston, South Carolina. He 
was educated for the legal profession and 
practiced law at Philadelphia ; he resided 
in Philadelphia from about 1836 until his 
demise there in 1864. He brought up his 
children in said last mentioned city. He 
married Margaret Ruff, of Philadelphia, 
who was born there in 1812, died in 1885, 
in that city. She was the sister of Charles 
Frederick Ruff, who entered the United 
States military service as a cadet from 
Pennsylvania, graduated from West Point 
Military Academy, September i, 1838, 
and served in the war with Mexico in 
1847-48 and in the war of the rebellion. 
He retired and on March 13, 1865, he re- 
ceived the brevet rank of brigadier-gen- 
eral United States Army for faithful and 
meritorious services in the recruitment of 
the armies of the United States during the 
Civil War. Issue of Margaret (Ruff) Gib- 
son, nine children, namely: i. William 
Ruff, born in 1834 at Charleston, South 
Carolina; married (first) Kate Johnson, 
of Philadelphia, and (second) a Miss 
Thrall, who had four children, viz. : Eliza- 
beth, Mable, Helen, Charlotte Gibson. 
2. James G. Jr., born in Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania, in 1835 ; married Mary 
Robinson, of Philadelphia, and had one 
child, a daughter, Mary E., still living, the 



488 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



widow of Edward Cheyney ; James G. 
Gibson Jr. studied and practiced law in 
Philadelphia, and died in 1857. 3. Mary 
E., born in 1836, at Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania; married William Gibson, by 
whom she had a daughter, Margaret Ruff 
Gibson. 4. Joseph Ruff, born January 2, 
1838, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania ; was 
educated in Philadelphia and graduated 
from the University of Pennsylvania 
Medical College; in 1862 was appointed 
surgeon in the United States regular 
army; died at Philadelphia in 1910; he 
married Helen Holmes, of Charleston, 
South Carolina, who had issue: Joseph 
Ruff Jr., Ralph H., Julian H., James G., 
Helen Gibson. 5. Charles Henry, born 
July, 1840, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; 
received an academical education in 
Philadelphia public schools ; was ap- 
pointed cadet from Pennsylvania to the 
West Point Military Academy, July i, 
1856; appointed second lieutenant of 
Second Regiment of Dragoons, May 6, 
1861 ; transferred to the Second Cavalry, 
August 3, 1861 ; promoted to first lieu- 
tenant, November 12, 1861 ; resigned 
from the service. May 30, 1864; he mar- 
ried Flota Clarke, of Philadelphia, who 
had two children: Persifal F. and Flor- 
ence Gibson. 6. Elizabeth, born in 1842 
in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania ; died 
young. 7. Margaret S., born in 1844 in 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and was liv- 
ing there in 1912, unmarried. 8. Annie 
R., born in February, 1846, in Philadel- 
phia, and was living there in 1912, unmar- 
ried. 9. Francis Marion, of whom see 
forward. 

Francis Marion, son of James George 
and Margaret (Ruff) Gibson, was born 
December 14, 1847, in Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania. He was educated in the 
local public and private schools of his 
native village, which he attended until he 
was about twenty years of age. Was 
then appointed second lieutenant of the 
Seventh Cavalry Regiment United States 



army, October 5, 1867, from civil life ; 
promoted to first lieutenant July 11, 
1871, was made captain February 5, 
1880, and remained in the service twenty- 
four years, until he retired, December 3, 
1891. He saw a varied and arduous ser- 
vice, principally against the wild Indian 
tribes in the western part of the United 
States. He was in the Washita engage- 
ment of November, 1868, and prepared 
an account of the part taken by the 7th 
United States Regiment Cavalry, in that 
fight, which was incorporated into a re- 
port of the action published by the United 
States War Department. He was also in 
the famous battle of the Little Big Horn, 
June 26, 1876, in which General Custer 
and his command were cut off from their 
supporting army and he and his com- 
panions were surrounded and slain by the 
Indians, under Chief Sitting Bull and 
Rain-in-the-face ; also, in the noted en- 
gagement of Bear-Bow Mountain, Mon- 
tana, in 1877; and in numerous other 
battles and skirmishes with the Indians. 

After retiring from military life, Cap- 
tain Gibson became identified with vari- 
ous industrial corporations, and is a di- 
rector of the Iron and Steel Crown Cast- 
ing Company, of New Jersey; also vice- 
president of the Canadian Crown Com- 
pany. In 1895 he received an appoint- 
ment to the New York City Street 
Cleaning Department under Colonel War- 
ing, and served as deputy commissioner, 
Department of Street Cleaning, New 
York City, through five successive muni- 
cipal administrations, in all twelve years 
until 1907, when he retired from active 
business. 

He married Kate Garrett, daughter of 
Milton and Mary (Caldwell) Garrett, of 
Virginia., in 1870, at Washington, D. C. 
Issue : A daughter, namely, Katharine 
Gibson, born December 11, 1873, at Fort 
Meade, Dakota ; married Frederick T. 
Lewis, June 12, 1900, in New York City, 
and had as issue a son, Frederick Gibson 



489 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Lewis, born March 17, 1901, in New 
York. 

Captain Gibson is a member of the So- 
ciety of American Wars, and is senior 
vice-commander of the New York Com- 
mandery. He and his family are mem- 
bers of the Protestant Episcopal church ; 
he is a member of the Pennsylvania So- 
ciety in New York ; the St. Nicholas Club 
of New York City; the Manhattan and 
the Machinery clubs of New York City ; 
the Army and Navy Club of Philadel- 
phia, and the Army and Navy Club of 
London, England. 



CLIFT, Edward Henry, 

Commission Merchant. 

Edward Henry Clift, first vice-presi- 
dent of the American Protective Tariff 
League, is a prominent merchant of New 
York City. He was born November 18, 
1851, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and 
is the son of Edward and Martha T. 
(Hering) Clift. His father was a scion 
of old English Quaker ancestry, whose 
antecedents settled in West Jersey dur- 
ing early colonial days, and intermarried 
with New Jersey Dutch families ; and his 
mother was a daughter of Abner Hering, 
who resided near Dover, Delaware, and 
was of English, French-Huguenot and 
Irish extraction. Edward Clift died aged 
about twenty-nine years, in 1859, ^""i the 
son was left to the care of his mother, 
when only eight years old. 

He was educated by special tutors and 
at private schools in Philadelphia until he 
attained the age of sixteen years, and was 
then placed in a commercial house in 
Philadelphia, where he learned the techni- 
cal details of the mercantile business, in- 
cluding a drill in various financial and 
manufacturing departments. Meanwhile 
he came to New York, and in 1891 be- 
came a member of the firm of Critten, 
Clift & Company, of New York City, 
manufacturers' agents for domestic mer- 



chandise, and continued as a member of 
that firm until June i, 1908, when, in 
consequence of the prior death of Mr. 
DeFrees Critten, November 29, 1907, the 
firm was reorganized as Clift & Goodrich. 
This firm does an extensive business as 
general commission merchants in knit un- 
derwear, and are among the largest deal- 
ers in their particular line in New York, 
with branches in Chicago, Philadelphia 
and Boston. The principal office of the 
firm is at 80-82 Leonard street. New York 
City. 

In politics Mr. Clift is affiliated with 
the Republican party. He is an ardent 
enthusiast of the doctrine of a protective 
tariff for American industries, and is the 
first vice-president of the American Pro- 
tective Tariff League of New York. He 
is a member of the Merchants, the Union 
League, and New York Riding clubs ; 
also of the Pennsylvania Society of New 
York. 



HUNSICKER, Alvin, 

Prominent Mannfaotnrer, Active in 
Commnnity Affairs. 

The Hunsicker families of Philadelphia 
and of Bucks and Montgomery counties, 
Pennsylvania, trace their origin in Ameri- 
ca to Valentine Hunsicker, who was born 
about 1700, in the canton of Zurich, 
Switzerland. He was left an orphan early 
in life, and came to Philadelphia in 1717, 
with his maternal grandfather, Valentine 
Klemmer. After a short stay in German- 
town, Pennsylvania, with other settlers 
from the Palatinate on the Rhine, the 
family, accompanied by others of like con- 
dition as themselves, pushed on into the 
then outlying wilderness of Eastern 
Pennsylvania ; and settled in a district 
later known as Lower Milford, in North- 
ern Bucks county, Pennsylvania. 

About 1720 or 1721, young Valentine 
Hunsicker went with his maternal uncle, 
Henry Klemmer, a stone mason, to Van 



490 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Bebber township, afterwards known as 
Skippack, and assisted his relative as 
laborer in the construction of stone build- 
ings in that locality. In 1724 they built 
the first Mennonite meeting house at 
Skippack, and the second of its kind in 
America. Valentine Hunsicker settled at 
Skippack and purchased 125 acres of wild 
land there at five shillings per acre, to 
which he subsequently added 100 acres 
more, and that holding became the oldest 
and most noted seat of the family in this 
-county, it being held successively by de- 
scendants of the original settler for about 
170 years. 

Valentine Hunsicker married (first) in 
1728, but the name of his wife is un- 
known. His wife died in 1732, leaving 
two children; Elizabeth Hunsicker, who 
married a man named Ruth, but of whose 
descendants, if any, nothing is known ; 
and Samuel Hunsicker, who died unmar- 
ried. Valentine Hunsicker married (sec- 
ond) Elizabeth, daughter of Jacob and 
Sara (Van Sintern) Kolb, in 1735, at 
Germantown, Pennsylvania. She was 
born June 23, 1716, and survived her hus- 
band, whose will was probated February 
21, 1782, and who was descended pater- 
nally from Dielman Kolb, of Wolfstein, in 
Baden, Germany. He was born in 1648, 
died in 1712, and was buried at Mann- 
heim ; married a daughter of Peter Schu- 
maker who came to Germantown, Penn- 
sylvania, in 1685; and died there in 1707, 
aged eighty-five years. Their son, Jacob 
Kolb, born May 21, 1685, married Sara, 
daughter of Isaac and Neeltje (Classen) 
Van Sintern, May 21, 1710, in the Men- 
nonite meeting house at Germantown, 
Pennsylvania. She was born in 1690, 
died April 25, 1766; and was the grand- 
daughter of Pieter Van Sintern, born 
April 22, 1628, died March 25, 1669; and 
of Sarah De Vossen, born October, 1629, 
married, May 6, 1655, died February 2, 
1669; and was descended from Jan De 
Vossen, who married Prientje Batten ; 



and was burgomaster von Hand-Schot- 
ten, in Flanders, about 1550; but after- 
ward of Colchester, England, and later 
returned to Amsterdam, Holland, where 
they joined the Mennonites. Issue of 
Elizabeth (Kolb) Hunsicker: i. Jacob 
Hunsicker, born October 13, 1736; mar- 
ried Elizabeth Clemens, May 5, 1763; and 
died at Perkasie, Pennsylvania, leaving 
three sons and seven daughters. 2. Isaac 
Hunsicker, born September 28, 1738, 
married Barbara Greder, November 5, 
1767, and died February, 1828, in Skip- 
pack township, leaving three sons and 
seven daughters. 3. Sara Hunsicker, 
born January i, 1740; married Godshalk 
Godshalk, October 6, 1765; and left 
one son and two daughters, in Lower 
Salford township, Montgomery county, 
Pennsylvania. 4. Valentine Hunsicker, 
born February 18, 1742, died young. 

5. Catherine Hunsicker, born Febru- 
ary 25, 1744, married Gerhardt Clem- 
ens, May 29, 1766, and died March 

6, 1826, leaving two sons and three 
daughters, in Lower Salford township, 
Montgomery county, Pennsylvania. 6. 
Abraham Hunsicker, born May 6, 174/' 
died March 4, 1749. 7. Henry Hun- 
sicker, of whom further. 

Henry Hunsicker, son of Valentine and 
Elizabeth (Kolb) Hunsicker, was born 
March 7, 1752, at the old homestead in 
Skippack township, Montgomery county, 
Pennsylvania. He was brought up on 
his father's farm, with but few opportuni- 
ties to acquire an education ; however, 
these he improved to such an extent that 
he had a fair education, and in early man- 
hood was able to speak and write both 
English and German very well. He in- 
herited his father's plantation in Perkio- 
men and Skippack township, county of 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and early be- 
came a man of local distinction in the 
community where he lived. At the age of 
thirty years he was ordained a minister 
in the Mennonite church, and was soon 



491 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



afterward made the ruling bishop of the 
district. His warmhearted personal in- 
terest in the people around him endeared 
him to them generally; and in time he 
became not only popular in his commu- 
nity, but a gifted leader in his church as 
well. His time was much employed in 
giving advice to those in distress, and in 
settling estates and acting as guardian 
for orphans. He served his church faith- 
fully as a minister for fifty-four years, 
and died June 8, 1836, at his home, and 
his mortal remains were laid to rest be- 
side those of his wife in the cemetery of 
the Old Skippack Mennonite Church. 

He married Esther Detweiler, Decem- 
ber 6, 1772, at Skippack, Pennsylvania. 
She was born March 13, 1751, died Au- 
gust 18, 1829, and was the daughter of 
John Detweiler who came from an old 
Mennonite family of Skippack township, 
now Montgomery county, Pennsylvania. 
Issue of Henry and Esther (Detweiler) 
Hunsicker: i. John Hunsicker, born Au- 
gust 2J, 1773, married Elizabeth Det- 
weiler, and had surviving three sons and 
three daughters. 2. Elizabeth Hunsicker, 
born September 7, 1775, married Abra- 
ham Bertholet, and had three sons. 3. 
Anna Hunsicker, born October 3, 1777, 
married Abraham Johnson, and had four 
sons and two daughters. 4. Catherine 
Hunsicker, born November 5, 1779, mar- 
ried Ludwig Grater, and had four sons 
and four daughters. 5. Henry Hun- 
sicker, born January 11, 1782, married 
Mary Detweiler, and had four sons and 
five daughters. 6. Jacob Hunsicker, mar- 
ried Sara Kolb, born August 29, 1784, 
had four sons and three daughters. 7. 
Gerhardt Hunsicker, born November 26, 
1786, married Catherine Detweiler, and 
had four sons and four daughters. 8. 
Abraham Hunsicker, born April 20, 1789, 
died May 4, 1789. 9. Sara Hunsicker, 
born August 30, 1790, married Anthony 
Vanderslice, had four sons and seven 



daughters. 10. Abraham, of whom fur- 
ther. 

Abraham Hunsicker, son of Henry and 
Esther (Detweiler) Hunsicker, was born 
July 31, 1793, in East Perkiomen town- 
ship, Montgomery county, Pennsylvania. 
His educational facilities in early life 
were limited to a few months spent each 
winter at the local country school, often 
illy taught and poorly attended, while the 
spring and summer months were devoted 
to farm work, with little opportunity for 
educational improvement; but despite 
these educational handicaps, he mastered 
the rudimentary elements of reading, writ- 
ing and arithmetic. However, his active 
mind felt keenly these deprivations, 
which were accentuated as he became a 
man of importance in the community. He 
resolved to found a school which would 
in a measure supply that deficiency in his 
community. However, the members of 
the Mennonite church to which he be- 
longed opposed such an innovation and 
were opposed to the idea of a high school. 
The subject was considered at the Gen- 
eral Mennonite Conference held in Fran- 
conia, Pennsylvania, in May, 1846; and 
the discussion resulted in a schism with- 
in the church, and was followed by the 
passage of an ordinance that virtually 
excommunicated all members who op- 
posed the long established customs of the 
Mennonite church. 

According to custom, on January i, 
1847, the Mennonites met in their meet- 
ing house at Skippack, Pennsylvania, and 
elected by lot Abraham Hunsicker to be 
their minister; and this responsibility, to- 
gether with the knowledge that he was 
illy prepared for such a position, greatly 
burdened his conscience. In prayer he 
sought the guidance of the Allwise Crea- 
tor, invoked the blessings of God upon 
his mind and work, to give him wisdom 
in the discharge of his duties ; and his ef- 
forts were crowned with such success 
that he won the approbation of his con- 



492 




^\[^PnjCr/f/ 




ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



gregation. He planned to found a school 
which was the great object then of his 
ambition. In November, 1847, his broth- 
er, Rev. John Hunsicker, died, and by 
that event the office of presiding bishop 
of the Skippack, Methatchen and Provi- 
dence churches devolved upon him. This 
added new responsibilities, but as he be- 
came the directing authority of those 
churches it paved the way to attain his 
cherished project, so in 1848 he founded 
Freeland Seminary, and placed his son, 
Henry A. Hunsicker, as principal over 
it. It was made non-sectarian, and while 
it received but little patronage from the 
Mennonites, it was heartily supported by 
an appreciative public outside of that de- 
nomination. The success of this institu- 
tion encouraged the Rev. Abraham Hun- 
sicker to establish a non-sectarian church, 
and in 1853, he built the Christian Trin- 
ity Church at his home, which provided a 
place of worship open to all Christian de- 
nominations alike. As Freeland Semi- 
nary had provided education for males 
only, in 185 1 the Rev. Hunsicker estab- 
lished the Pennsylvania Female College 
for girls, under the direction of Prof. J. 
Warrene Sunderland. These two institu- 
tions exerted a wonderfully beneficial in- 
fluence on the rising generation of the 
surrounding community. 

He married Elizabeth Alderfer, daugh- 
ter of Benjamin and Elizabeth (Shoe- 
maker) Alderfer, May 30, 1816, at Lower 
Salford, Pennsylvania. She was born 
November 16, 1798, in Montgomery coun- 
ty, Pennsylvania, and died February 15. 
1898, in her one-hundredth year. Her 
father, Benjamin Alderfer, was born Oc- 
tober 18, 1771 ; married Elizabeth Shoe- 
maker, and died June 18, 1840; and her 
paternal grandfather, John Alderfer, was 
born February 8, 1745, married Elizabeth 
Rosenberger, and died December 19, 
1820, in Pennsylvania. His great-grand- 
father, Frederick Alderfer, was the ances- 
tor of the Alderfer family in America; 



he was born May 18, 1715, in the Pala- 
tinate of Bavaria, Germany ; arrived at 
Philadelphia in the ship "Samuel," Au- 
gust II, 1732; was christened a Lutheran, 
but joined the Mennonites in America ; 
married Anna Detweiler Klemmer in 
Pennsylvania; he died November 7, 1801, 
and was the father of four sons, and two 
daughters. Issue of Abraham and Eliza- 
beth (Alderfer) Hunsicker: i. Ann Hun- 
sicker, born July 5, 1817, married John B. 
Landis, and had six sons and seven 
daughters. 2. Benjamin A. Hunsicker, 
born November 13, 1819, married Hannah 
Detweiler, and had four children. 3. Es- 
ther Hunsicker, born January 3, 1822, 
married (first) Abraham Detweiler, mar- 
ried (second) Gideon Fetterolf, and had 
five sons and one daughter. 4. Henry A. 
Hunsicker, of whom further. 5. Abra- 
ham Hunsicker, born July 8, 1829, mar- 
ried Rachel Rittenhouse, and had two 
sons and four daughters. 6. Elizabeth 
Hunsicker, born August 14, 1831, married 
Francis R. S. Hunsicker, and had one son 
and six daughters. 7. Elias A. Hunsicker, 
born JMarch 28, 1834, married Susan F. 
Moyer, and had one son and one daugh- 
ter. 8. Mary A. Hunsicker, born Novem- 
ber 6, 1836, married Jared T. Preston, and 
had two sons and one daughter. 9. Cath- 
erine Hunsicker, born January 9, 1840, 
married Joseph H. Hendricks, and had 
one son and four daughters. 10. Horace 
M. Hunsicker, born February 15, 1843, 
married Ann Eliza Cosgrove, and had 
one son and two daughters. 

Henry A. Hunsicker, son of Abraham 
and Elizabeth (Alderfer) Hunsicker, was 
born November 10, 1825, in what is now 
Collegeville, Montgomery county, Penn- 
sylvania. He was a farmer's son, inured 
to the hardships and deprivations of life 
incident to that early period when the 
axe, the hoe, the simple plowshare, and 
the scythe, were the principal implements 
of the husbandmen. There were but few 
schools which in rural communities open 



493 



ENCYCXOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



for some three or four months during the 
winter, and these were often presided 
over by poor teachers sadly qualified for 
their position. Under these conditions 
Henry A. Hunsicker showed an aptitude 
for study that encouraged his father to 
send him to a boarding school kept by 
Mr. Henry Prizer at Trappe, Montgom- 
ery county, Pennsylvania. His teacher 
died but was succeeded by Rev. Henry S. 
Rodenbaugh, under whom he continued 
until 1845, ^nd afterward became a pupil 
of Rev. Samuel Aaron, at Norristown, 
Pennsylvania. However, as early as the 
autumn of 1843, he taught a country sub- 
scription school in Lower Salford town- 
ship, Montgomery county, Pennsylvania, 
and thus alternated study and teaching 
for five years, until in the fall of 1848, he 
took charge of Freeland Seminary. 

Under the direction of his father and 
with a corps of able instructors he de- 
veloped Freeland Seminary into one of 
the foremost educational institutions of 
the country. It was designed to supply 
an academic course for boys and young 
men that would fit them to enter the 
higher educational institutions ; and Pro- 
fessor Hunsicker in time acquired such a 
favorable reputation as teacher that his 
school attracted many pupils from other 
parts of the country. The school listed 
several pupils who became eminent pub- 
lic men, and held high official position in 
the State and nation ; and had enrolled 
some 3,600 pupils by 1865, when the 
school was leased to Professor A. H. Fet- 
terolf, and in 1869 it was incorporated as 
Ursinus College. After the severance of 
relations with Freeland Seminary by Pro- 
fessor Henry A. Hunsicker in 1865, he 
engaged in the lumber business, and has 
thus continued until quite recently. 

In 1850 he was called to the ministry of 
the Liberal wing of the Mennonite 
church, to assist in his father's bishopric ; 
but dissensions arose in the church, which 
finally resulted in the separation of his 



father and himself from the church and 
the founding of the non-denominational 
Trinity Christian Church, before alluded 
to, at Collegeville, Pennsylvania. He 
afterwards joined the Presbyterian 
church, and is a Ruling Elder in the 
Church of the Redeemer, at Germantown, 
near Philadelphia. 

He married (first) Mary S. Wein- 
berger, August 23, 1849, at Collegeville, 
Pennsylvania. She was born January 31, 
1830, died May 7, 1874, in Montgomery 
county, Pennsylvania, and was the mother 
of five children: i. Clement W. Hun- 
sicker, born May 29, 1851, married (first) 
Eliza A. Miller, (second) Flora G. Smith, 
and had three daughters. 2. Joseph H. 
Hunsicker, born August 16, 1853, married 
Fannie E. Rutherford and had one son 
and one daughter. 3. Abraham L. Hun- 
sicker, born April 14, 1856, died February 
23, 1874, unmarried. 4. Flora G. Hun- 
sicker, born December 20, 1858, married 
James H. Hamer, and had two sons and 
five daughters. 5. Alvin Hunsicker, 
of whom further. Henry A. Hun- 
sicker married (second) Anna C. Gotwals, 
May II, 1876. She was born September 
23, 1853, and had two daughters, namely: 
Mary H. Hunsicker, born September 25, 
1879, married Thomas V. H. Bucke, and 
has two daughters; and Edna E. Hun- 
sicker, born July 6, 1882, who resides with 
her parents at Germantown, Pennsyl- 
vania. 

Alvin Hunsicker, son of Henry A. and 
Mary S. (Weinberger) Hunsicker, was 
born September 20, 1864, at Collegeville, 
Montgomery county, Pennsylvania. At 
the time and for some years preceding 
this event, his father was principal of 
Freeland Seminary, which afterward be- 
came Ursinus College ; and thus his edu- 
cation was received in the institution 
founded by his father and grandfather. 
Alvin Hunsicker remained at this college 
until 1884, when he was graduated with 
the degree of Bachelor of Science from 



494 



.'«S:W)»t-\M«ist> 'a^Nj^-l^ . 




- i?. .^/v«-.a sffr,^ jry 



C't£.xJ-l.-^-'^^^ v-y-p4>t,/2^j:-(i.<:^^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Ursinus College. During his student ca- 
reer he developed into a ready debater 
and a fluent speaker, which faculty im- 
proved with his years of business; and 
made him not only a leader among his 
fellow students but gave him a tremen- 
dous advantage as a captain of industry 
in the control of men, in commercial or- 
ganizations. At nineteen years of age he 
took a position as clerk and secretary to 
his father, then engaged in the lumber 
business at Philadelphia, and continued 
thus until 1892, when he gave up that 
work to become manager of a trade paper 
published in the interests of various 
manufacturers. He edited and published 
that journal for seven years, the prepara- 
tions of which bronght him in contact 
with many leading men at the head of 
various industrial enterprises in the 
United States ; and the business experi- 
ence thus secured was an important ele- 
ment that contributed largely to his sub- 
sequent commercial success. In 1899 he 
gave up the publication of the trade jour- 
nal to become treasurer of the Keystone 
Oilcloth Company at Norristown, Penn- 
sylvania. That company operated on a 
small capital and had about the smallest 
factory output in the country at that 
time; but in two years after he had as- 
sumed active management of the concern 
he had doubled its business, and had won 
for himself a position of respect among 
the larger oilcloth manufacturers. 

In 1901 he secured options on six of the 
largest and most successful oilcloth 
manufactories in the United States, 
which, together with his own plant, were, 
with the aid of strong financial backing, 
combined info a single corporation known 
as the Standard Oilcloth Company of 
New Jersey, with offices in New York 
City. This new company, representing 
seven plants, was incorporated in July, 
1901, with a capital of $8,000,000, and is 
the largest producer of oilcloth in the 
country. Mr. Hunsicker was made secre- 



tary and director of the new company at 
its beginning, and in 1906 became general 
manager in addition, which position he 
still holds. In 191 1 he was elected vice- 
president and general manager. Im- 
proved methods of manufacture and sale 
of the output, together with various econ- 
omies wrought through consolidation, 
which have been due very largely to Mr. 
Hunsicker, with other general improve- 
ments have enabled the company to out- 
strip all competitions in that line of manu- 
facture. 

Since 1903 he has resided in Clifton 
Park, Weehawken, New Jersey, on the 
Palisades, where he built an elegant 
home. He is affiliated with the Republi- 
can party, and more or less interested in 
local political matters ; was instrumental 
in organizing a Civic Betterment Associa- 
tion, of which he was made president ; 
and he was presidential elector on the Re- 
publican ticket of New Jersey in 1908. 
He has often spoken in political cam- 
paigns on behalf of his party, and has the 
reputation of being an exceptionally good 
story-teller and after dinner speaker. 

He is financially interested in several 
industrial companies, and is an officer in 
them ; is president and director of the 
Sanatile Company of New Jersey ; presi- 
dent of the Meritas Cotton Mills, of Co- 
lumbus, Georgia; and vice-president, di- 
rector, and general manager of the Stand- 
ard Oilcloth Company; also president and 
director of the Leatherole Company of 
New York. He is a member and treas- 
urer of the Arkwright Club of New York ; 
a member of the Sphinx Club, of New 
York ; likewise of the Hamilton, the Auto- 
mobile, and the Englewood clubs, of New 
Jersey ; and of the Touring Club of 
America. Has membership in the Penn- 
sylvania Society of New York; affiliates 
with the Presbyterian Church, and is a 
member of the Blue Lodge, A. F. and 
A. M., of Philadelphia. 

Mr. Hunsicker is an enthusiastic de- 



495 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



votee of out-doors recreation; is fond of tary musical training. She was church 

rrr^If nnA rtthf^r cnrirfc anH Qn**nHs: rnnQifl- nrcraniQl- at thirtf^pn v*»ar<5 of ap^P * and at 



golf and other sports, and spends consid 
erable time in automobile tours of the 
country. He has traveled extensively on 
business and for pleasure in the United 
States ; also in Europe, the West Indies, 
and in South America. He is artistically 
and musically inclined, and has a good 
baritone voice, but above all he possesses 
the virtues of his ancestors, who came to 
America to secure religious freedom. On 
August II, 1910, he delivered an address 
at a reunion of the Hunsicker family, 
held at Collegeville, Pennsylvania, on 
"Twentieth Century Possibilities," in 
which he set forth certain positive opin- 
ions concerning life's purposes that de- 
serve a wide extended application to all 
business activities. Among other things 
he said the old proverb recites that 
''Honesty is the best policy," but his ver- 
sion is that "Honesty is the only policy," 
to pursue in business affairs. He sets 
forth the conditions under which his fore- 
fathers lived two hundred years ago, re- 
counts the wonderful changes that have 
been wrought since that time, and points 
out the opportunities, the duties, and the 
possibilities of right action, under the ex- 
isting conditions of the twentieth cen- 
tury, in an exalted apotheosis, that does 
credit to his devout ancestors, who by 
precept and example taught honesty, 
truth, and virtue as cardinal principles 
of right living. Truly doth the virtues of 
the fathers descend to the sons, even unto 
the third and fourth generations. 

Alvin Hunsicker married Helen The- 
resa Boice, June 19, 1889, at Philadel- 
phia, Pennsylvania. She is descended from 
Scotch-Irish parentage ; was born Febru- 
ary 8, 1863, in Chester county, Penn- 
sylvania, and has attained a high posi- 
tion as a vocalist and musician in Ameri- 
ca. At an early age she showed an un- 
usual talent for music that attracted the 
attention of her friends and teachers, and 
her parents gave her a thorough elemen- 



organist at thirteen years of age ; and at 
twenty-one became a teacher of singing 
in the Philadelphia Music Academy, at 
which she had studied piano and musical 
composition. She studied under the best 
American teachers, among whom were 
Frederic S. Law, of Philadelphia ; also 
Madam Cappianni, and Frank Herbert 
Tubb, of New York City. She went 
abroad and studied under the great mas- 
ters of Europe, among whom was Madam 
Marchesi, the celebrated teacher in Paris, 
who once stated that "Mrs. Hunsicker 
not only has the finest voice that ever 
came to me from America, but she is the 
best musician as well." 

She gave song recitals in Philadelphia, 
Washington, Boston, New York, and 
other cities in the United States, and her 
voice excited the admiration of all who 
heard her. She never sang on the oper- 
atic stage on account of objection by 
members of her family, though she ac- 
quired the technique that fitted her for a 
successful career in grand opera, had she 
taken it up. No singer of ballads ever 
received more brilliant encomiums of 
praise than did she from America's lead- 
ing critics. She possessed the peculiar 
ability to sing from memory many songs 
of her repertoire ; and it was not an un- 
usual feat for her to sing from memory as 
many as twenty-five or thirty songs in one 
program, also to render two or three dif- 
ferent such programs in the same week. 
After her marriage she became known in 
the profession as Mrs. Helen Boice-Hun- 
sicker, and won for herself a position of 
distinction among America's best musi- 
cians and singers. Her interpretation of 
songs and ballads caught the note of pop- 
ular approval, and secured for her a place 
in contemporaneous art that is peculiarly 
her own. During the last few years she 
has not sung in public except at rare in- 
tervals, and then usually in behalf of 
some charitable enterprise. She has as- 



496 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



sisted many young and struggling musi- 
cians with substantial aid and personal 
encouragement. While she no longer 
gives public entertainments, there is no 
cessation of her musical work. She is 
still interested in musical development 
and is a liberal patron of musical art; and 
particularly of the Woman's Philhar- 
monic Society, in New York, of which 
she is an officer. In 1904 she was ap- 
pointed by the National Commission as 
one of the Board of Lady Managers of 
the Louisiana Purchase Exposition held 
at St. Louis, Missouri. She has traveled 
much both in this country and in Europe, 
as pupil and artist she has made fourteen 
trips abroad, and is ranked in Europe as 
one of America's greatest ballad singers 
and pianists. 



LANTBING, Rev. Andrew A., LL.D., 
Clergyman, Author. 

Rev. Andrew A. Lambing, LL.D., Ro- 
man Catholic priest and author, was born 
at Manorville, Armstrong county, Penn- 
sylvania. February i, 1842. He is de- 
scended from Christopher Lambing, who 
emigrated to America from Alsace in the 
vicinity of Strasburg in 1749, and settled 
in Bucks county, where he died about 
1817, at the age of ninety-nine years. 
Some of his family passed to Adams 
county, where his son Matthew married 
and settled in New Oxford, where 
Michael A., the father of the subject of 
this sketch, was born October 10, 1806. 
The family came west to Armstrong 
county in 1823. Here Michael married 
Anne Shields, December i, 1837. She 
was descended from Thomas Shields, 
who emigrated from county Donegal, Ire- 
land, about 1760, and Amberson's valley, 
Franklin county; but his grandson Wil- 
liam came to Armstrong county in 1798 
and made his home near Kittanning. 
where his daughter Anne was born July 
4. 1814. Michael was the father of five 



sons and four daughters, of whom An- 
drew Arnold was the third son and child. 
Both parents were remarkable through 
life for their tender and consistent piety 
and for the care they bestowed on the 
education and training of their children. 
Three of their sons fought in the Civil 
War, one of them losing his life and an- 
other becoming disabled ; two of their 
sons are priests, and a daughter a Sister 
of Charity. 

Trained in the school of rigid poverty, 
Andrew began work on a farm before he 
was eight years old, and a few years later 
found employment in a fire-brick yard, 
where he spent nearly six years, with 
about four months' schooling in each win- 
ter; and two years in an oil refinery, a 
considerable part of which time he 
worked from three o'clock in the after- 
noon to six the next morning, being at the 
same time foreman of the works. During 
this time he managed to steal a few hours 
as opportunity permitted to devote to 
study and useful reading, for reading has 
been the passion of his life. At the age 
of twenty-one he entered St. Michael's 
Preparatory and Theological Seminary. 
Pittsburgh, where he made his course in 
the higher studies, frequently rising at 
three o'clock in the morning to continue 
his course, and being nearly all that time 
prefect of the students. He was or- 
dained to the priesthood in the seminary 
chapel by Bishop Domenac, of Pittsburgh, 
August 4, 1869. He was then sent to St. 
Francis College, Loretto, Pennsylvania, 
as professor, with the additional obliga- 
tion of assisting the pastor of the village 
church on Sundays with the exception of 
one Sunday in each month, when he min- 
istered to the little congregation of Wil- 
liamsburg, Blair county, about forty 
miles distant. On the following January 
he was appointed pastor of St. Patrick's 
Church, Cameron Bottom, Indiana coun- 
ty, where he remained till the end of 
April, when he was named pastor of St. 



497 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Mary's Church, Kittanning, with its nu- 
merous outmissions. While there he 
built a little church a few miles west of 
the Allegheny river for the accommoda- 
tion of the families residing there, and in 
the middle of January, 1873, he was sent 
to Freeport, with the additional charge 
of the congregation at Natrona, six miles 
distant. But at the end of six months 
he was appointed chaplain of St. Paul's 
Orphan Asylum, Pittsburg, with a view 
of bettering his financial condition. This, 
however, was rendered impossible by the 
financial crisis of the fall of the same 
year, and he was named pastor of the 
Church of St. Mary of Mercy, at the 
Point in the same city, January 7, 1874. 
Here he placed the schools in charge of 
the Sisters of Mercy, bought and fitted 
up a non-Catholic church for the congre- 
gation, and placed an altar in it dedi- 
cated to "Our Lady of the Assumption at 
the Beautiful River," as a memorial of the 
one that stood in the chapel of Fort Du- 
quesne during the French occupation in 
the middle of the previous century ; and 
also built a residence. But the encroach- 
ments of the railroads began to drive the 
people out in such numbers that he was 
transferred to St. James' Church, Wil- 
kinsburg, an eastern suburb of the city, 
October 15, 1885, where he still remains. 
The congregation was then small, num- 
bering about one hundred and sixty fam- 
ilies, with a little frame church, but it 
soon began to increase rapidly. His first 
care was to open a school, which he 
placed in charge of the Sisters of Charity, 
and in the summer of 1888 he enlarged 
the church, which, however, was occu- 
pied only three months when it was 
entirely destroyed by fire. Nothing 
daunted, he immediately undertook the 
present combination church and school 
building, which was dedicated just a year 
after the destruction of the other. So 
rapid has been the growth of the town 
and the increase of the congregation that 



an assistant has been required since the 
spring of 1897 ; and, although parts of 
three new congregations have been taken 
from it, it still numbers nearly six hun- 
dred families. 

As a writer Father Lambing is the au- 
thor of "The Orphan's Friend" (1875), 
"The Sunday-school Teacher's Manual" 
(1877), "A History of the Catholic 
Church in the Dioceses of Pittsburg and 
Allegheny" (1880), "The Register of Fort 
Duquesne, Translated from the French, 
with an Introductory Essay and Notes" 
(1885), "The Sacramentals of the Holy 
Cathohc Church" (1892), "Come Holy 
Ghost" (1901), "The Immaculate Con- 
ception of the Blessed Virgin Mary" 
(1904), and "The Fountain of Living 
Water" (1907). Besides these he has 
written a considerable number of relig- 
ious and historical pamphlets, and a con- 
siderable part of the large "History of 
Allegheny County, Pennsylvania," "The 
Centennial History of Allegheny County" 
(1888) and "The Standard History of 
Pittsburg" (1898). In 1884 he started 
the "Catholic Historical Researches," a 
quarterly magazine and the first of its 
kind devoted to the history of the Catho- 
lic church in the country, now continued 
by Mr. Martin I. J. Griffin, of Philadel- 
phia, as a monthly; and he is a constant 
contributor to periodicals on religious 
and historical subjects. The editor 
of "The Standard History of Pitts- 
burg" says of him that "He has done 
more than any other one man to place in 
permanent form the valuable and fast- 
perishing early records." For a number 
of years he was president of the Histori- 
cal Society of Western Pennsylvania, and 
he is one of the trustees of the Carnegie 
Institute and the Carnegie Technical 
School of Pittsburgh. 

As a churchman he was for many years 
president of the Clerical Relief Associa- 
tion of the Diocese of Pittsburgh, and was 
president of the board that prepared the 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



diocesan school exhibit for the Columbian 
Exposition. For nine years he was fiscal 
procurator of the diocese of Pittsburgh, 
has long been the censor of books, and 
is now president of the diocesan school 
board. Of regular habits and inheriting 
the health of his fathers, standing six 
feet tall, with heavy frame, he seems 
built for labor and endurance, and he was 
more than thirty years on the mission be- 
fore he was off duty for a single day on 
account of ill health, although he has 
never taken a vacation. In 1883 the Uni- 
versity of Notre Dame, Indiana, con- 
ferred on him the degree of Master of 
Arts, and two years later that of Doctor 
of Laws. 



FIELD, Benjamin Rush, 

Physician and Surgeon, Author, Pnhlie 
Official. 

Coming from sires noted in the medical 
and surgical world. Dr. Field may be 
said to have been born to the same pro- 
fession. Certain it is that distinguished 
as were his sires, no blemish has been 
cast on the name by the present holder 
of this the world's oldest and most hon- 
orable title. The present Dr. Field is of 
English descent on paternal lines, his 
grandfather, Richard Field, being a grad- 
uate of the University of London and a 
member of the Royal College of Surgeons 
of England. His father, Dr. Cridland 
Crocker Field, was a noted surgeon of 
Easton, Pennsylvania, for half a century, 
and died there full of honorable years. 
His mother was Susannah (Freeman) 
Field, daughter of Jacob Freeman, of 
Freemansburg; Pennsylvania, after whose 
father the town took its name. 

Benjamin Rush Field, M.D., was born 
in Easton, Pennsylvania, November 3, 
1861. He obtained his preparatory edu- 
cation in the public schools and his class- 
ical education at Lafayette College, and 
being predestined for the medical profes- 



sion entered the University of Pennsyl- 
vania, whence he was graduated, M.D., 
class of 1883. He began practice at Eas- 
ton, where he has attained both profes- 
sional and civic honors. In 1886 and 
1887 he was official physician of the 
Northampton County Prison, and for ten 
years was physician to the coroner of the 
same county. His private practice kept 
pace, and he is rated among the leading 
physicians of the county. His executive 
ability and talent for organization 
brought him into great prominence in 
municipal, literary and military affairs. 

His military career began in 1898, 
when he assisted in recruiting Company 
E, Eleventh Regiment Pennsylvania Vol- 
unteers, and was commissioned captain 
by Governor Hastings, July 12, 1898. At 
the regimental election held at Harris- 
burg, August 20 following, he was elected 
major of the Second Battalion. After the 
Spanish-American war, when the Elev- 
enth and Thirteenth regiments were con- 
solidated, he was elected major of 
the Thirteenth Regiment Pennsylvania 
National Guard; elected lieutenant- 
colonel, 1904, serving until his retire- 
ment, at his own request, in 1908. 
He thereby (ten years' service as 
an officer) gains membership in the Mili- 
tary Service Institute of the United 
States Army and Retired List of Officers, 
National Guard of Pennsylvania. 

The literary career of Dr. Field is most 
interesting and somewhat unusual. He 
was dramatic critic for the leading Eas- 
ton papers for ten years, and has pub- 
lished several volumes on his favorite 
topic, Shakespeareana. He has discussed 
this great writer from the standpoint of 
a physician usually. His first work, 
"Medical Thoughts of Shakespeare," was 
published in 1884, with a second edition in 
1885, followed in 1887 by "Shakespeare 
and Byron on 'Man, Woman and Love.' " 
In 1888 he published "Medico Shakes- 
pearean Fanaticism," and "An Argument 



499 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Refuting the Claim that Shakespeare 
Possessed Knowledge of the Circulation 
of the Blood Prior to Harvey's Discov- 
ery" (London Lancet), and in 1892 
"Fielding's Unconscious Use of Shakes- 
peare." He edited in 1889 "Romeo and 
Juliet," vol. 5, Bankside edition, pub- 
lished under the auspices of the New 
York Shakespearean Society of New 
York, of which Dr. Field is a member, 
and was honorary librarian from 1886 to 
1903. 

In 1890 he was elected councilman, and 
for three years was president of council. 
In 1903 he was elected mayor of Easton ; 
he gave the city a thoroughly clean busi- 
ness administration and retired at the end 
of his three years' term with the respect 
and confidence of even his political foes. 
In 1899 he was again called to the may- 
or's chair, retiring in 1902. In 1913 
Pennsylvania instituted the commission 
form of government for cities, and in ac- 
cordance with the new law the thirty-six 
councilmen of Easton were legislated out 
of service and the management of the 
city placed in the hands of five Commis- 
sioners. Dr. Field was elected one of the 
board by a large majority and assumed 
his work in December, 1913. The term 
of service is for two years. This mag- 
nificent endorsement of his official life is 
almost unprecedented in a city the size of 
Easton, where capable, ambitious men 
are not rare. But Dr. Field drew to his 
support the best of every element in the 
city. Too much cannot be said of his 
rare executive ability, the integrity of his 
jiurpose, nor the pride he takes in giving 
his native city a proud position among 
the well governed cities of the Union. 

In 1912 he was elected president of the 
Easton Board of Trade, consisting of six 
hundred members, with a guarantee fund 
of over half a million dollars. He is a 
member of many professional and scien- 
tific societies, and the founder of the 
Eastern Medical Society, organized in 



1889. He holds memberships in the 
American, State, and Northampton Coun- 
ty Medical societies ; was president of 
the Northampton Medical Society, 191 1; 
member of Hall of Delegates Medical So- 
ciety, Pennsylvania, 1910-11; member of 
the Pennsylvania German Society, Sons 
of the American Revolution, National 
Geographical Society ; the Northampton 
County Historical and Genealogical So- 
ciety, of which he was president 1906-08, 
and trustee of Easton Public Library, and 
in all has an active interest. His college 
fraternity is Chi Phi Rho Chapter of Laf- 
ayette College and Nu of University of 
Pennsylvania, of which he was the foun- 
der in 1882. 

No comment is needed nor eulogy re- 
quired of the wonderfully full and com- 
plete life of Dr. Field after reading the 
foregoing record. Every day and hour of 
his mature years are accounted for, and 
a retrospective glance over his more than 
fifty years can cause him nothing but an 
honest pride that he has been permitted 
to make this world a better place to live 
in. He has honored his city, as Easton 
in turn honors him. 

He married, April 9, 1902, Nan Edna, 
daughter of John Davis and May Anne 
(deHart) Rounsavell. Child, Benjamin 
Rush (2), born March 25, 1908. Dr. Field 
and his wife are both communicants of 
the Protestant Episcopal church. 



McCLINTOCK, Oliver, 

Frominent Mercbant. 

Well deserving the high esteem in 
which he is held is Oliver McClintock, 
president of the Oliver McClintock Com- 
pany, one of the oldest mercantile houses 
of the Iron City. His long business ca- 
reer has been one of honorable success, 
and has earned for him the standing of 
one of the representative men of his na- 
tive city. 

He was born on Pitt street (now 



500 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Fifth), near Liberty street, Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania, October 20, 1839, the eld- 
est son of seven children of Washington 
and Eliza (Thompson) McClintock. 
His paternal grandfather, Alexander Mc- 
Clintock, son of William McClintock, of 
East Nottingham township, Chester 
county, Pennsylvania, was born May 10, 
1776. He came to Pittsburgh from Mont- 
gomery county, Pennsylvania, about 
1813, having been engaged in the freight- 
ing business by means of the famous 
"Conestoga" wagon teams between 
Philadelphia and Pittsburgh. These 
were impressed into the public service 
by the United States government for 
the transportation of ammunition and 
supplies to Fort Erie during the War 
of 1812. Soon after arriving in Pitts- 
burgh with his family in one of 
these "Conestoga" wagons, he opened 
a shop for general blacksmithing on Lib- 
erty street near Water. His shop, tav- 
ern and frame residence alongside lay 
within the confines of old Fort Pitt. He 
also, for a while, operated for his friend, 
Samuel Black, of Williamsport, now Mo- 
nongahela City, a ferry from the foot of* 
Smithfield street to the south bank of 
the Monongahela river, but he finally 
purchased the ferry for himself. 

Oliver's maternal grandfather, Samuel 
Thompson, came to Pittsburgh from 
Chester county, Pennsylvania, about 
1807. His name appears in the Pitts- 
burgh city directory of 1815 as "Samuel 
Thompson, Merchant Taylor, East Side, 
Market Street, between Front and 
Water." He afterwards associated with 
him his brother James. Their firm name, 
S. & J. Thompson, is included in the list 
of business men's signatures to a petition 
addressed in 1817 to the United States 
Congress, requesting the establishment 
of a local branch of the United States 
bank in Pittsburgh. Its establishment, 
however, did not prove to be the financial 
blessing they expected. This national 



system of banking having become under- 
mined by party dissensions and too much 
politics, was finally abolished by Con- 
gress in 1836. The Bank of Pittsburgh 
has a photogravure copy of this petition. 

Samuel Thompson made uniforms for 
army officers during the War of 1812. 
After the war was over, he went on 
horseback into Kentucky to collect debts 
for uniforms furnished. Later he occu- 
pied a store on the west side of Market 
street, two doors from Front street (now 
First avenue) almost directly opposite 
the first site. 

The spirit of commercial enterprise and 
venture inspired among the merchants of 
Pittsburgh by the constant stream of 
travel and traffic which poured through 
Pittsburgh as the "Gateway of the West" 
via the Ohio and Mississippi rivers, was 
exemplified in the case of Samuel Thomp- 
son. He shipped from Pittsburgh, Penn- 
sylvania, to Nashville, Tennessee, and St. 
Louis, Missouri, stocks of clothing of his 
own manufacture for branch stores, 
which he opened at these two points in 
the west and southwest. The undertak- 
ing in Nashville was in charge of Robert 
Lusk, who afterwards became one of 
Nashville's wealthiest citizens. Samuel 
Thompson wrote letters to his brother 
Jacob in 1832, describing his journey by 
steamboat to Nashville and St. Louis in 
which he says : "The object of my jour- 
ney was to examine into the state of my 
two establishments, — the one at St. 
Louis, and the other at Nashville, and 
with a view probably of bringing them to 
a close." 

Digressing to a later period, Samuel 
Thompson's son-in-law, Washington Mc- 
Clintock, in 1850, actuated by a similar 
spirit of commercial enterprise, shipped 
a stock of carpets to the young and 
booming town of Cincinnati, in charge of 
J. L. Ringwalt, who later purchased the 
stock and carried on the business for him- 
self. George F. Otte, a young German 



501 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



clerk in that branch store, became in after 
years the head of the leading carpet and 
house furnishing store in Cincinnati. In 
common with other Pittsburgh mer- 
chants of that period, whose capital aided 
in the development of the west, Wash- 
ington McClintock also became interested 
in several river steamboats employed in 
the transportation business on the west- 
ern and southwestern rivers. 

But, returning to Samuel Thompson's 
career, about 1830 he conducted a general 
store at the northwest corner of Market 
and Fourth street (now Fourth avenue). 
Later he bought from Henry Holdship 
the property on Market street, near Lib- 
erty, on which the McClintock building 
now stands, and moving into it, he con- 
ducted there an exclusive business in dry- 
goods and carpets. 

In 1837 Samuel Thompson was suc- 
ceeded by the firm of W. McClintock & 
Company, his son-in-law, Washington 
McClintock, and his son, Robert D. 
Thompson, being partners. Their store 
was on Market street, two doors from 
Fifth street (now Fifth avenue), but the 
firm was dissolved in 1844. Washington 
McClintock then carried on an exclusive 
carpet business in Edward Ralim's build- 
ing on the north side of Fourth avenue, 
near Wood street, upon the site now oc- 
cupied by the Safe Deposit Company's 
building. He was burned out in the great 
fire of 1845. In 1853 he moved his busi- 
ness to the Samuel Thompson property 
on Market street, near Liberty, having 
purchased it from his father-in-law's es- 
tate. In 1854 he admitted his brothers, 
Alexander and George Ledlie McClin- 
tock, taking the firm name of McClintock 
Brothers, a partnership which continued 
one year. In 1855 the style again became 
W. McClintock and remained so for 
seven years. In 1862 he admitted his eld- 
est son, Oliver McClintock, to the part- 
nership, the style of the firm becoming 
W. McClintock & Son. In 1863 Wash- 



ington McClintock bought out Robinson 
& Company, their chief competitor in the 
carpet business, and organized the firm 
of Oliver McClintock & Company (con- 
sisting of Washington McClintock, Oli- 
ver McClintock and George R., Senior), 
to conduct the newly acquired business 
as a separate firm. Both stores were con- 
tinued separately for about a year, but 
under the same management. In 1864 
the firm of W. McClintock & Son was 
merged into that of the Oliver McClin- 
tock Company, and the business con- 
tinued at number 219 Fifth avenue. Wal- 
ter L. McClintock, second son of Wash- 
ington McClintock, was admitted in 1864. 
In the year 1869, Washington McClin- 
tock retired from business because of fail- 
ing health, which culminated in his death, 
on July 28th, 1870, at the age of fifty-six 
years. Washington McClintock's fourth 
son, Thompson McClintock, was admit- 
ted to the firm in 1874, and in 1884 Frank 
Thompson McClintock, the fifth son of 
the founder, was admitted upon the re- 
tirement of George R., Senior. On Janu- 
ary 15th, 1897, the firm of Oliver Mc- 
Clintock & Company was dissolved, and 
a new company was incorporated under 
the present title, the Oliver McClintock 
Company, with Oliver McClintock, presi- 
dent ; Walter L. McClintock, treasurer ; 
and Frank T. McClintock, secretary. As 
has been shown by the succession of part- 
nership interests, it is no doubt the oldest 
mercantile firm in Pittsburgh, the succes- 
sion having continued in an unbroken 
line from the maternal grandfather, Sam- 
uel Thompson, who began in 1807. 

Owing to the death of Walter L. Mc- 
Clintock, March 3rd, 191 1, and the ex- 
piration of the lease and sale of the prop- 
erty occupied by the Oliver McClintock 
Company, it was decided to dissolve the 
company and retire from business at the 
end of the year 1913, completing more 
than a century of mercantile life by the 
members of one family. A new firm, the 



502 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



McCHntock - McElveen - Baker Company, 
which will largely include the organiza- 
tions of the Oliver McClintock Company, 
the McElveen Furniture Company and 
the Baker Office Furniture Company, has 
been organized to occupy the present 
premises of the McElveen Furniture 
Company at Nos. 525 to 529 Penn ave- 
nue, in 1914. 

Oliver McClintock received his early 
education in the academies conducted by 
Rev. Joseph T. Travelli in Sewickley, 
and Professor Lewis T. Bradley, in Al- 
legheny (now Northside, Pittsburgh), 
graduating from Yale College in 1861. 
He entered his father's business the fol- 
lowing year and has continued in the 
business of carpets, rugs and interior dec- 
orations ever since, — a period of over half 
a century. 

Mr. McClintock married, June 7, 1886, 
Clara C, daughter of Harvey and Jane 
D. (Lowrie) Childs. Their children are: 
Norman and Walter McClintock, con- 
nected with the Oliver McClintock Com- 
pany; Mrs. Thomas Darling, of Wilkes- 
Barre, Pennsylvania ; Harvey C. McClin- 
tock, Mrs. Frank D. Nicol, of Detroit, 
Michigan, and Miss Jeannette McClin- 
tock. 

Although devoting himself closely to 
his business, Mr. McClintock has also 
given much attention and important 
service in behalf of the municipal, relig- 
ious, and educational interests of his na- 
tive city. At the time of the reorganiza- 
tion of the Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation of Pittsburgh in 1866, Mr. Mc- 
Clintock was elected president, continu- 
ing until 1868. He was elected elder in 
the Second Presbyterian Church of Pitts- 
burgh in 1863 ; a trustee of the Western 
Theological Seminary in 1867 ; a trustee 
of the Pennsylvania College for Women 
in 1872, and its president in 1905. He 
and his brother-in-law, A. H. Childs, were 
founders of the Shadyside Academy of 
Pittsburgh in 1883. He is a director of 



the Pittsburgh Chamber of Commerce, a 
member of the Duquesne Club of Pitts- 
burgh, also of the University Clubs of 
Pittsburgh and New York City. He is 
a member of the National Municipal 
League, of the Civil Service Reform As- 
sociation of Pennsylvania and the Ballot 
Reform Association of Pennsylvania. 

Mr. McClintock was one of the leaders 
in organizing the Citizens' Municipal 
League of Pittsburgh in 1895-96, and a 
member of the executive committee of 
five authorized to select candidates for 
the ensuing municipal election for the 
three executive city officers, and to con- 
duct a campaign in their behalf. The 
contest that followed was remarkable for 
its aggressiveness and heat, and for the 
good work done in awakening and edu- 
cating public sentiment to realize that 
city government should be conducted on 
business principles only, divorced from 
the corrupt and ruinous partisanship of 
national parties. So effective was the 
work done by Mr. McClintock in this 
campaign, that it called forth many trib- 
utes, among these the following by Lin- 
coln Steflfens in "McClure's Magazine," 
May, 1903 : 

"If there is one man in Pittsburgh who de- 
serves credit for the successful results of reform 
in municipal politics, it is Oliver McClintock, for 
many years one of the most aggressive foes of 
the political machine. It was on the foundation 
laid by Mr. McClintock and his associates, in 
1895-96, that the Citizens' Party gained an over- 
whelming victory in the municipal election of 
1898, and it was only after the party leaders of 
1898 had repudiated the principles, which he 
advocated and for which he fought, that he left 
that party to keep on in his persistent fight for 
purification of city politics. Victories have not 
always been with Mr. McClintock, but it was his 
indomitable persistence — despite defeats, that 
won for him the admiration of even those whom 
he fought." 

Oliver McClintock belongs to that class 
of men who wield a power which is all 
the more potent from the fact that it is 



503 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



moral rather than political, and is exer- 
cised for the public weal rather than for 
personal or partisan ends. Unselfish and 
retiring, he prefers a quiet place in the 
background to the glamor of publicity, 
but his rare aptitude and ability in achiev- 
ing results make him constantly sought 
and often bring him into prominence 
from which he would naturally shrink 
were less desirable ends in view. 



KILROE, Edwin Patrick, 

Iiawyer, Author, 

The Kilroe family of Wayne county, 
Pennsylvania, are of Irish descent. John 
Charles Kilroe was born in 1854 in Ire- 
land, and was brought to America by his 
parents when only about one year old. 
He was a tanner by trade, but followed 
agriculture for a livelihood most of his 
lifetime, and settled at Tanners Fall in 
Wayne county, Pennsylvania, where he 
reared his family, and died there Febru- 
ary 24, 1902. He married Sarah Do- 
herty, daughter of Patrick and Mary 
(McCarthey) Doherty. She was born in 
1861, in Sligo county, Ireland, and was 
brought to this country during infancy. 

Issue of Sarah (Doherty) Kilroe, nine 
children, namely: (i) Edwin Patrick Kil- 
roe, of whom further. (2) Mary E. 
Kilroe. (3) Elizabeth Kilroe, married 
John Barber and lives at Erie, Pennsyl- 
vania. (4) Maud Kilroe. (5) Hugh R. 
Kilroe, died in 1902. (6) James Vincent 
Kilroe. (7) Rose Kilroe. (8) John 
Charles Kilroe. (9) Robert Harold Kil- 
roe. 

Edwin Patrick Kilroe, son of John 
Charles and Sarah (Doherty) Kilroe, was 
born April 19, 1883, at Tanners Fall, a 
post village in Wayne county, Pennsyl- 
vania. Received elementary instruction 
in the public schools of his native county, 
and in 1898-1899, attended a New York 
City preparatory school. He graduated in 
1896 from the Honesdale, Pennsylvania, 



High School, then took a business course 
at Paine's Business College, and at the 
Packard Commercial School of New 
York; and in 1899-1900 was a student at 
the Dwight School for Boys, from which 
he received an academic diploma in 1900. 
Following that he entered Columbia Uni- 
versity, New York, School of Political 
Science, and graduated therefrom as A.B. 
in 1905, and Ph.D. post graduate in 
1910. In 1906 he received the LL.B. de- 
gree from Columbia Law School, and was 
admitted to the New York Bar the same 
year. He has practiced law in New York 
City since that time, and is a member of 
the firm of Kilroe and Swarts, general 
practitioners, at No. 5 Beekman street. 
New York City. 

He is a Democrat in political alle- 
giance ; a member of Tammany Society or 
Columbian Order in the city of New 
York ; also of the Wayne County, Penn- 
sylvania, Society of New York City, the 
Alumni Association of Columbia Univer- 
sity, and of the Columbia University Club. 
A Roman Catholic in religious belief, a 
member of the Knights of Columbus, An- 
cient Order of Hibernians and of the 
Pennsylvania Society in New York City. 
Also, is the author of "A History of 
Tammany Hall." 



GRAHAM, George Scott, 

I<aw7er, Congreaamam. 

The Hon. George Scott Graham has 
made illustrious another name in the an- 
nals of American history — has brought 
distinction to the family whose name he 
bears. He is descended from Scotch- 
Irish ancestry who lived in the north of 
Ireland; and on account of their religious 
resistance to King James, were known as 
"Scotch Covenanters," many of whose de- 
scendants settled in Pennsylvania one 
hundred years and more ago. They peo- 
pled the wilderness and subdued its sav- 
age foes, making habitable vast areas in 



504 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



central and western Pennsylvania ; and 
their descendants have shaped the des- 
tinies of the commonwealth, and largely 
influenced the characteristics of the pres- 
ent day population throughout the state. 

James Henry Graham was born in Lon- 
donderry county, Ireland, and came to 
the United States in his youth, settling 
in Philadelphia, where he married Sarah 
Jane Scott, a native of Londonderry 
county, Ireland, and had several children, 
namely: Robert Graham, who became a 
Presbyterian minister, and died a few 
years ago in Philadelphia : James Graham, 
also deceased ; William Graham, of Phila- 
delphia ; Jonathan Graham, of the same 
place ; George Scott Graham, whose his- 
tory follows. 

He was born September 13, 1850, in 
Philadelphia, and received elementary in- 
struction in the Philadelphia public 
schools, also was privately tutored by his 
brother, the Rev. Robert Graham. He 
then studied law in the ofifice of John 
Roberts, of Philadelphia, and attended 
the University of Pennsylvania Law 
School, from which he graduated in 1871 
as LL.B., and was admitted to the Penn- 
sylvania bar the same year. In 1889 he 
received the LL.D. honorary degree from 
Lafayette College, in Pennsylvania ; also 
in 1894 was admitted to practice in the 
United States Supreme Court, and in 
1904 was admitted to the New York bar. 
He is a member of the law firm of Gra- 
ham & Gilfillan, of Philadelphia, and of 
the firm of Graham & L'Amoreaux, of 
New York City. 

He early identified himself with the Re- 
publican party and took an active inter- 
est in local politics. He was elected a 
member of the Select Council for the city 
of Philadelphia, and served three years, 
1878-1880. He was elected District At- 
torney of Philadelphia successively six 
terms, in all eighteen years, from 1871 to 
1898, four of which he was the nominee 
on both the Republican and Democratic 



tickets. In 1892 he was a delegate to 
the Republican National Convention at 
Minneapolis, Minnesota, and in 1912 was 
elected a Republican member of the 
Sixty-third Congress from the Second 
District of Pennsylvania, in the city of 
Philadelphia. He was Professor of Crim- 
inal Law and Procedure eleven years in 
the University of Pennsylvania, from 
1887 to 1898 ; and is a member of the 
American Bar Association ; the Bar Asso- 
ciation of Pennsylvania, and of the Bar 
Association of New York. 

He married (first) Emma M. Ellis, 
December 14, 1880, at Philadelphia ; mar- 
ried (second) Pauline M. Clarke, June 
8, 1898, in Philadelphia; and has children, 
namely: Ethel Scott Graham, married C. 
Perry Wintz ; Blanche Graham, married 
Erskine Bains ; Marion Hollister Graham, 
married Harry P. Williams, of New Or- 
leans, Louisiana ; George Ellis Graham 
and Adele Graham, who died unmarried. 

Mr. Graham has traveled extensively 
in Europe and in America, and has visited 
Great Britain, Egypt. France, Italy, Ger- 
many, Austria, Belgium, and Holland. 
He is affiliated with a number of social 
organizations at various places. Is a 
member of Blue Lodge No. 52, Free and 
Accepted Masons, of Philadelphia, and is 
a past master of the lodge ; also chairman 
of the Masonic Temple of Philadelphia, 
and has served in many official positions 
of the Masonic fraternity in Pennsylvania. 
He is a past grand commander of the 
Knights Templar of Pennsylvania. He is 
a member of various clubs, as follows: 
The Union League, of which he is a di- 
rector; the University, the Racquet, the 
Art, oi Philadelphia ; the Metropolitan 
Club, of Washington, D. C. ; the New 
York Yacht, and the Metropolitan clubs, 
of New York City; the Sleepy Hollow 
Country, the Oakland Golf, the Ardsley, 
and the White Hall clubs, of New York. 
He is a member of the Presbyterian 
church. 
505 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



OTT, Isaac, M.D., 

Professional Edneator and Author. 

Among the most distinguished work- 
ers for humanity in the great field of 
medical science in the United States is 
Dr. Isaac Ott, Professor of Physiology 
in the Medico-Chirurgical College of 
Philadelphia. He was born in Northamp- 
ton county, Pennsylvania, November 30, 
1847. Coming of German stock on the 
side of his father, Jacob Ott, and of 
French parentage on that of his mother, 
Sara Ann (La Barre) Ott, Dr. Isaac 
Ott is a brilliant example of that union of 
two widely differing nationalities which 
has given the world so many distin- 
guished men. 

As a young boy his education was such 
as was to be gained in a country neighbor- 
hood. Eager for the advantages of a col- 
lege career he matriculated in 1863 at 
Lafayette College, Pennsylvania, gradu- 
ating in 1867. Being irresistibly attracted 
to the science of medicine, he entered the 
medical department of the University of 
Pennsylvania on leaving Lafayette Col- 
lege. In 1869, having finished his medi- 
cal studies in the university with dis- 
tinguished success, he obtained the ap- 
pointment of resident physician at St. 
Mary's Hospital, Philadelphia. But he 
was not satisfied with the extent of his 
medical education in this country and, 
fired with the ambition to continue his 
studies more thoroughly and more ex- 
tensively. Dr. Ott, in 1870, after a year's 
work at St. Mary's Hospital, took the 
then unusual step of going to Europe to 
pursue his work in medicine. This in- 
itiative and thoroughness are an index of 
those qualities in Dr. Ott which have 
placed him in the front rank of his chosen 
profession. Entering the University of 
Berlin and later that of Leipzig, he 
worked under such well-known masters 
as DuBois Raymond, Rosenthal and Fick. 
Content for the time with his progress in 



Physiology under these masters. Dr. Ott 
left Germany and went to London to 
study Histology under Professor Klein. 
On returning to the United States he was 
fortunate enough to attract the attention 
of the famous Dr. Henry P. Bowditch, 
then at the height of his reputation, and 
was invited to conduct extensive experi- 
mentation as to the action of Thebain 
and Lobelina in Dr. Bowditch's labora- 
tory at Harvard University. 

In 1875 he was appointed Demonstra- 
tor of Physiology by his alma mater, the 
University of Pennsylvania, which he had 
left a short time before as a mere student. 
From that time he has been the recipient 
of many honors. In 1876 Lafayette Col- 
lege conferred upon him the degree of 
M.A. In 1878 he was elected a fellow in 
Biology at Johns Hopkins University and 
while there studied exhaustively the 
physiology of the spinal cord and espe- 
cially of its sudorific centres. In 1894 he 
was made Professor of Physiology in the 
Medico-Chirugical College of Philadel- 
phia, a position which he has held up to 
the present time. In 1895 and 1896 he 
was Dean of the Institution. 

Dr. Ott is a brilliant proof of the truth 
of the old saying that it is the busiest 
people who still find time to do more and 
more, for during his long and crowded 
career as practicing physician, lecturer, 
and teacher, he has found time to make 
many valuable contributions to medical 
literature, among these being: "Contribu- 
tion to the Physiology and Pathology of 
the Nervous System"; "Action of Medi- 
cines" ; a "Monograph on Modern Anti- 
pyretics" ; "Cocaine, Veratria and Gel- 
semium"; "Internal Secretions"; "Text- 
book on Physiology," four editions. He 
is a member of the Deutschen Medicin- 
ischen Gesellschaft of New York ; of the 
Vereinigung alter Deutscher Studenten 
in America ; of the American Society of 
Pharmacology and Experimental Thera- 
peutics ; of the Society for Experimental 



506 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Biology and Medicine; of the Philadel- 
phia Medical Club ; of the Chemists' Club 
of New York; of the County, State and 
National Medical Association, and is cor- 
responding member of the Atlanta Acad- 
emy of Medicine. He is also Consulting 
Neurologist at the Norristown (Penn- 
sylvania) Asylum, and is ex-fellow in 
Biology at Johns Hopkins University, 
Baltimore ; is ex-president of the Ameri- 
can Neurological Association, and mem- 
ber of the American Society of Natural- 
ists. In his political convictions Dr. Ott 
is a Democrat, and in his church rela- 
tions a Presbyterian. He is a Master 
Mason, and is also a member of the Chi 
Phi fraternity of the University of Penn- 
sylvania. 

He married, in October, 1886, Kather- 
ine Kennedy, daughter of John Wyckoflf, 
of Belvidere, New Jersey. 



MILLER, Reuben, 

Pioneer Iron Steamboat Bnllder, 
Financier. 

In Pittsburgh are the seats of the 
mighty in the steel and iron trade, and 
some of the founders of the present-day 
autocracies were, indeed, masterful and 
impressive figures — none more so than 
the late Reuben Miller Jr., founder and 
for many years one of the proprietors of 
the Washington Works, famous for the 
manufacture of steam engines. In the de- 
velopment of the industrial and financial 
possibilities of Old Pittsburgh Mr. Mil- 
ler exercised a force, which, having its 
inception seventy-five years ago, is still 
increasingly felt, his descendants ably 
maintaining the power and prestige of 
their name and race. 

Reuben Miller Jr. was born June 24, 
1805, in Philadelphia, near Frankford, 
Pennsylvania, and was a son of Reuben 
and Hannah (Wilson) Miller, both na- 
tives of Chester county. His parents 
were married September 13, 1798. In the 



autumn of 1805 the family removed to 
Pittsburgh, and there the boy received 
an excellent education, attending the Old 
Academy, then presided over by Joseph 
Stockton. Reuben Miller Sr. was en- 
gaged in a small way in the business of 
manufacturing cut nails by hand, and at 
the age of thirteen the son became his 
assistant. In 1821 the youth made a trad- 
ing trip as far as Louisville, Kentucky, 
thus getting his first glimpse of the out- 
side world ; and in 1824, at the age of 
nineteen, engaged in business for him- 
self, opening a general provision store on 
Liberty street. Success attended him 
from the outset, as, indeed, it could hardly 
fail to do, for Reuben Miller Jr. was one 
of those who wrest success from the most 
unfavorable conditions, and in the course 
of time his trade extended into Blair, 
Huntingdon and Center counties. His 
self-reliance, boldness of operation, in- 
domitable perseverance and unimpeach- 
able integrity soon gained for him the 
reputation of a man with whom it was 
desirable to transact business, and made 
it possible for him to enlarge the scope 
of his operations and to enter into new 
fields of action, his next venture being an 
interest in a tobacco factory. 

In 1836 Mr. Miller bought out his part- 
ner and continued the business alone, and 
the same year, he, in association with 
others, commenced the operation of a 
foundry on the south side of the Monon- 
gahela river, the firm name being Robin- 
son & Minnis. In 1840 he abandoned the 
provision business and, in connection with 
William C. Robinson and Benjamin Min- 
nis, founded the Washington Works on 
the south side of the Monongahela river, 
opposite Pittsburgh, for the manufacture 
of steam engines and machinery. Soon 
after its organization the firm built the 
"Valley Forge," the first iron steamboat 
that ever navigated the western waters. 
For the ensuing fourteen years Mr. Mil- 
ler gave his attention exclusively to his 



507 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



machinery and steamboat interests, and 
in 1854 retired from the concern, trans- 
ferring his interests to his sons by whom 
they were most ably maintained and en- 
larged. In the Pittsburgh of "sixty years 
since" Mr. Miller was a conspicuous and 
forceful figure, a man of stainless honor 
and wonderful driving personality, a 
power in the business world and exerting 
therein a most wholesome influence. To 
those in his service he was ever most just, 
kindly and considerate, causing them to 
feel that he had at heart their best inter- 
ests, and they gave him in return the 
most loyal service and hearty co-opera- 
tion. To this mutual attitude of employer 
and employed he owed an incalculable 
measure of his phenomenal success. 

The well known business qualifications 
possessed by Mr. Miller, together with his 
accuracy in judging the motives and mer- 
its of men, caused his services to be much 
in demand on boards of different organi- 
zations. At the founding of the Mechan- 
ics' Bank he was a large stockholder, and 
was elected president, but in 1855, on ac- 
count of ill health, resigned the position. 
After the great fire of 1845, which broke 
up the insurance companies, the Western 
was in 1849 the first to reorganize, elect- 
ing Mr. Miller to the presidency, which 
office he held for many years. He was 
one of the original subscribers to the first 
savings bank in Pittsburgh, known as the 
Pittsburgh Savings Institution, and was 
one of its directors and its treasurer. It 
was first conducted as a private banking 
institution, but finally obtained a charter 
and now exists as the Farmers' Deposit 
Bank, of which Mr. Miller was first treas- 
urer. He was a director in the Exchange 
Bank, the Savings and Trust Company 
(now the First-Second National Bank), 
and the Bank of Pittsburgh. His ripe and 
varied experience, his judicial mind and 
his careful observation rendered him at 
all times the trusted counsellor of his 
friends, his conservatism making him a 



factor of safety in business interests. This 
conservatism, however, was balanced by 
aggressiveness of the most pronounced 
type. Reuben Miller Jr. was of the stuff 
of which pioneers are made, and, failing 
to find a way, would most infallibly make 
one. 

As a citizen with exalted ideas of good 
government and civic virtue, Mr. Miller 
stood in the front rank. A Whig in poli- 
tics, he was devoted to the interests of 
his home city, serving as a member of the 
common and select councils of Pittsburgh 
and Allegheny City, and for thirteen 
years being identified with the Second 
Ward School Board, representing that 
ward at the time of the organization of 
its high school. To this there was much 
opposition, but the perseverance of Mr. 
Miller and his zeal in the cause of educa- 
tion eventually carried the day. With 
every other project for the advancement 
of the public welfare he pursued the same 
course, declaring himself its champion 
and sparing neither means nor influence 
for the furtherance of its ultimate suc- 
cess. In the philanthropic work of the 
city he was always active, and his private 
charities were more numerous than even 
his closest friends were aware. He was 
manager and one of the building commit- 
tee of Dixmont Hospital, and for years 
served on its executive committee. Gen- 
ial and companionable, he was one who 
drew men to him, and it was truly said 
of him that he was one of the best loved 
men of Pittsburgh. 

Mr. Miller married, in 1826, Ann Leish- 
man, daughter of Peter and Sarah Harvy, 
and they were the parents of five sons 
and two daughters. Of the sons, Wilson, 
P. Harvy, Samuel, and Gus L. (who was 
mortally wounded in the battle of Gettys- 
burg) are deceased ; Reuben Miller, the 
only surviving son, being one of Pitts- 
burgh's most prominent capitalists and 
numbered, as were his brothers, among 
her leading citizens. All inherited a full 



508 





e-^. £■:.£•.'- itm.^.t <sBj-v A'T^ 



JTz/^^-^ JUcI6^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



share of their father's administrative abil- 
ity and all partook of his elevation of 
character. Mrs. Miller, a w^oman fitted 
by her excellent practical mind to be an 
aid to her husband in his aspirations and 
ambitions, was in all respects a helpmate 
truly ideal, making the home over which 
she presided a refuge from the cares and 
excitements of business. Mr. Miller was 
never so happy as at his own fireside, 
finding his highest enjoyment in the fam- 
ily circle and in the company of his 
friends. 

The death of Mr. Miller, at an ad- 
vanced age deprived Pittsburgh of one 
who, throughout his splendidly successful 
career as a business man, had at all times 
stood as an able exponent of the spirit 
of the age in his efforts to advance prog- 
ress and improvement ; one who, realiz- 
ing that he would not pass this way 
again, had made wise use of his oppor- 
tunities and his wealth, conforming his 
life to the most exalted standards of recti- 
tude. 

Reuben Miller Jr. may be said to have 
founded an industrial and financial dy- 
nasty, his sons and grandsons having 
succeeded him in leadership. These sov- 
ereigns of trade display no coat-of-arms, 
but they have a motto which by each suc- 
cessive generation has been signally and 
nobly exemplified, and that motto is 
"Do!" 



MILLER, Wilson, 

Manufacturer, Finameler. 

To her business men of the older gen- 
eration, the Pittsburgh of today owes an 
incalculable debt. They it was who laid 
deep and strong the foundations on which 
has arisen the city which is now the won- 
der of the industrial world. None among 
these noble Pittsburghers of the past 
labored more strenuously for the pros- 
perity of his beloved city than did the 
late Wilson Miller, of the well-known 



firm of Robinson, Minnis & Miller. As 
merchant, financier and man of affairs Mr. 
Miller was for many years closely and 
prominently identified with all the best 
and leading interests of the Iron City. 
Mr. Miller was a scion of one of Pitts- 
burgh's oldest families, and his father was 
one of its business pioneers, being en- 
titled to the distinction of having con- 
ducted one of the first department stores 
ever erected in the city. 

Wilson Miller was born July 5, 1829, 
in Pittsburgh, and was a son of Reuben 
and Ann (Harvy) Miller. He received 
his education in the public and private 
schools of his native city, and entered 
upon his business career in association 
with the firm of Spang & Chalfant. It 
was not long, however, before his innate 
executive ability and spirit of enterprise 
impelled him to seek a wider field for the 
exercise of his energies, and his talents 
received speedy recognition from the then 
leading business men of Pittsburgh, who 
saw in this young man one of the munici- 
pal magnates of the future. As a mem- 
ber of the firm of Robinson, Minnis & 
Miller, Mr. Miller showed himself to be 
possessed of that resolute, persevering 
industry, sound and accurate judgment, 
and boldness tempered with discretion, 
which seldom fail to command success in 
any sphere of action. Mr. Miller was one 
of the incorporators of the Pittsburgh Lo- 
comotive Works and for years served as 
its president. Later, when this organiza- 
tion was merged in the American Loco- 
motive Works, Mr. Miller withdrew from 
participation in its affairs. He was inter- 
ested in many financial institutions, and 
for a long period was a director of the 
First National Bank and the Bank of 
Pittsburgh. 

Although Mr. Miller was, all his life, 
too busy a man to take any active part 
in politics, he was ever keenly alive to the 
affairs of the city and was recognized as 
a vigilant and attentive observer of men 



509 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and measures. His opinions were re- 
garded as sound and his views as broad, 
and his ideas, therefore, carried weight 
with those with whom he discussed pub- 
lic problems. At all times he stood as an 
able exponent of the spirit of the age in 
his efforts to promote progress and im- 
provement, making wise use of his op- 
portunities and his weath and conforming 
his life to a high standard. He was one 
of the managers of Saint Margaret's Me- 
morial Hospital and of the Protestant 
Home for Incurables. Of fine personal 
appearance, he possessed a genial, social 
nature, untouched by malice or uncharit- 
ableness, was most loyal in his friend- 
ships and had a kind word and a smile 
for every one. He belonged to several 
clubs and was a member of Christ Prot- 
estant Episcopal Church. 

Mr. Miller married, February 23, 1859, 
Hannah, daughter of Caleb Lee, a mem- 
ber of a distinguished Pittsburgh family, 
and their children were : Ann H., now 
the wife of Charles O. Scull, of Baltimore, 
Maryland ; Margaret Lee, who became 
the wife of S. N. Benham, of Pittsburgh ; 
Martha, who married Robert D. Book, of 
Sewickley, Pennsylvania. Mr. Miller was 
a man of strong family affections. The 
ties of home were, to him, invested with 
sacredness, and he took genuine delight 
in ministering to those near and dear to 
him. 

Mr. Miller died October 31, 1908, at 
his home in Pittsburgh, leaving the mem- 
ory of a life honorable in purpose, fear- 
less in conduct and beneficent toward all. 
Faithful to every duty, his name a syno- 
nym for success, recognizing and fulfill- 
ing to the letter his obligations to his fel- 
lowmen, Pittsburgh lost in him one of her 
most valued citizens. 

The Pittsburgh of today is an indus- 
trial cyclone. To its steel mills and furn- 
aces there is no intermission, no rest, no 
sleep. By day the sky is dark with in- 
cessant smoke, and by night the blaze of 



their lurid fires reddens the heavens. 
This triumph of labor is largely the work 
of men who have passed from our sight, 
men who seemed to possess that secret 
of perpetual energy which science can- 
not explain. It is the work of men like 
Wilson Miller. 



KEEN, Frank Harold., 

Fromliient Financier. 

Frank H. Keen, a representative busi- 
ness man of New York City, noted for 
his energy, enterprise and ability, a mem- 
ber of the firm of Keen & Ward, Bank- 
ers and Stock Brokers, is reputed to be 
of Swedish origin. He is supposedly a 
lineal descendant of Joran Kyn, born in 
Sweden about A. D. 1620, certainly be- 
tween the years 1617 and 1623, came to 
America in company with Governor John 
Printz in the ship "Fama," which sailed 
from Stockholm, Sweden, August 16, 
1642, and after a long voyage with stops 
at Antigua, Canary Islands, and else- 
where "on the 15th day of February, 1643, 
by God's grace, came up to Fort Chris- 
tina, in New Sweden, Virginia." He was 
one of the earliest European residents 
upon the Delaware river, and for more 
than a quarter of a century the chief pro- 
prietor of land at Upland, New Sweden, 
afterward Chester county, State of Penn- 
sylvania. 

He is mentioned among a list of persons 
residing in New Sweden, March i, 1648, 
and when Tinicum, the island in the Dela- 
ware river where the first settlement was 
made, became too crowded, he turned to 
the more attractive Upland as the choice 
for the new abode. He acquired three 
tracts of land at Upland and resided there 
during the remainder of his lifetime. At 
a court held the 6th day of the first month 
of 1687, he made a deed which was dated 
the 1st day of the same month, wherein 
he conveyed a lot or garden in Chester to 
certain persons for the use and behoof of 



510 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



"the people of God called Quakers and 
their successors forever," upon which 
ground the first meeting house of Chester 
was built. This entry is believed to be 
the last appearance of the name of Joran 
Kyn of record. 

The name Keen, the English spelling 
for Kyn, is first found in a recorded in- 
strument at Chester, Pennsylvania, about 
the year 1665, and that form of spelling 
has been adopted by many descendants 
of Joran Kyn. Many who trace their 
origin to this source are to be found in 
Philadelphia and the adjoining counties 
of Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Dela- 
ware. 

During the struggle for independ- 
ence several members of the Keen family 
adhered to the cause of the Colonies and 
performed military service in the Revolu- 
tionary armies. The lineage of this 
branch of the Keen family has not been 
traced, so far as known, but from extant 
historical facts they are assumed to be- 
long to the Keens of Swedish origin who 
settled in and about the city of Philadel- 
phia. 

George Budd Keen, father of Frank H. 
Keen, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsyl- 
vania. He obtained a practical education 
in the schools of that city, and for many 
years was an oil merchant there, a mem- 
ber of the firm of Hodson & Keen, who 
ranked among the leading business houses 
of that city. He married Fanny, daugh- 
ter of Samuel R. and Emily (Ritten- 
house) Colladay, the latter named a 
daughter of Judge Rittenhouse, of Norris- 
town, Pennsylvania. Among their chil- 
dren was Frank Harold, of whom fur- 
ther. 

Frank Harold Keen was born in Phila- 
delphia, Pennsylvania, November 23, 
1859. 

He attended the Old Friends' School 
of Philadelphia, and the public high 
school of that city, graduating from 
the latter named institution. Upon at- 



taining the age of eighteen years he en- 
tered the employ of Fiss, Banes & Er- 
ben, manufacturers of woolen and 
worsted yarns, where he thoroughly mas- 
tered the details of the business, remain- 
ing with them for four years. He then 
entered the employ of Edward Mellor & 
Company, wool merchants, as salesman, 
remaining in that capacity for about two 
years, after which he became a partner 
with Louis S. Fiske and John Dobson, 
under the firm name of Louis S. Fiske & 
Company, who were engaged in the wool 
business, this relationship continuing for 
about seventeen years, or until the disso- 
lution of the firm. Shortly afterward, in 
1900, Mr. Keen came to New York City 
and formed a copartnership with Mr. 
Ward, under the firm name of Keen & 
Ward, Bankers and Stock Brokers, their 
present place of business being at No. 20 
Broad street. Their business has in- 
creased greatly in volume and import- 
ance, being conducted along strictly 
conservative lines, and they rank high in 
financial circles, both partners being men 
of unquestioned integrity. In the year 
1902 Mr. Keen removed to Greenwich, 
Connecticut, where he has since resided. 
He and his family are members of 
Christ's Church (Protestant Episcopal) 
and Mr. Keen is a member of the Green- 
wich Country Club, the Pennsylvania So- 
ciety of New York City, and of the Union 
League Club of Philadelphia. 

Mr. Keen married, October 22, 1895, 
Helen, born in Rahway, New Jersey, 
1868, daughter of Stuart Craig and Caro- 
line (La Bau) Squier. The ceremony 
was performed at St. Agnes' Chapel 
(Trinity Church), New York City. Chil- 
dren : Harold Rittenhouse, born July 25, 
1896, at Haverford, Pennsylvania ; Kath- 
erine Stuart, born January 24, 1898, at 
Wynnewood, Pennsylvania ; Stuart Craig, 
born March 15, 1901, at Haverford, Penn- 
sylvania ; Hester Morgan, born August 
14, 1906, at Greenwich, Connecticut. 



5" 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



MILNE, David, 

Financier, Man of AiFairs. 

The Milnes of Philadelphia are of an- 
cient and honorable Colonial lineage, ex- 
tending in maternal lines to noted Colo- 
nial families of New England and Penn- 
sylvania. David Milne, the well known 
textile manufacturer, is ninth in descent 
from Nathaniel Sylvester in Long Island, 
1652 ; eighth in descent from James Lloyd 
in Massachusetts, 1693 ; eighth in descent 
from John Hallowell in Pennsylvania, 
1683 ; eighth in descent from Thomas 
Clark in New Jersey, 1692 ; seventh in 
descent from Walter Newberry in Rhode 
Island, 1673 ; seventh in descent from 
Jedediah Allen in Massachusetts, 1646; 
seventh in descent through his grand- 
mother, Beulah Thomas Parker, from 
Richard Parker in Pennsylvania, 1684. 

For many years the Milne family has 
been identified with commerce and manu- 
facturing. Four generations back James 
Milne, born 1753, died 1820, was engaged 
in the shipping business at Leith, Scot- 
land, the seaport of Aberdeen. After his 
death, his only son, David Milne, born 
1787, died 1873, invested the fortune he 
had inherited in a fast packet line, sailing 
between Scotland and the United States, 
which carried both passengers and 
freight. The elder Bennett, founder of 
the New York "Herald," was among 
those who so voyaged to this country. 
One of his vessels having made two round 
trips to the United States in one year, a 
public dinner to celebrate the event was 
given to him in Aberdeen. In 1827 he 
came to the United States, where he es- 
tablished in Philadelphia in 1830 the 
textile business which is known by the 
present firm n^me of C. J. Milne & Sons. 
His son, Caleb Jones Milne, born 1839, 
died 1912, who succeeded him in business, 
was a man of great energy, distinguished 
in commercial enterprises, finance and 
philanthropy, a patron of the fine arts 



and an extensive traveller. He built the 
large manufacturing plant occupied by 
his firm at Washington avenue and Elev- 
enth street. During his lifetime he was 
identified with the following mercantile, 
financial and charitable institutions, either 
as president, director or benefactor: 
American District Telegraph Company, 
Peerless Brick Company, Finch, Van 
Slyck & McConville of St. Paul, Minne- 
sota, Bank of America, United Security 
Life Insurance and Trust Company, 
' American Security and Trust Company, 
Washington, D. C, Southern Home for 
Destitute Children, Howard Hospital, 
Hahnemann Hospital, Eastern Peniten- 
tiary, Home for Incurables, Pennsylvania 
Working Home for Blind Men, Polyclinic 
Hospital and many other organizations. 
David Milne, son of Caleb Jones and 
Margaretta (Shea) Milne, was born in 
Philadelphia, July 24, 1859. His prepar- 
atory education was obtained at the Epis- 
copal Academy and his collegiate at the 
University of Pennsylvania, which he en- 
tered in 1877. He was graduated from 
the University in 1881 with honors and 
with the degree of Bachelor of Arts, the 
same University conferring the degree of 
Master of Arts in 1883 and Bachelor of 
Philosophy in 1885. During his Univer- 
sity course he was a devotee of outdoor 
athletics and was a member of the win- 
ning college crew in the regatta of the 
Schuylkill Navy held in 1881. He began 
business life with the banking house of 
Robert Glendinning & Company, continu- 
ing two years 1881-82. Since that time 
he has been connected with, a partner 
since 1886, the firm of C. J. Milne & Sons 
of Philadelphia, established in 1830, by his 
grandfather, David Milne, previously 
mentioned. Their mill is devoted chiefly 
to the manufacture of dress goods and 
wash fabrics and has a large number of 
looms, whose product is sold from their 
offices in Philadelphia, Chicago, New 
York City, St. Louis, and San Francisco. 

;i2 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Mr. Milne's interest outside the realm 
of business is very extensive. He is a 
director of the Medico-Chirurgical Col- 
lege, treasurer of the Medico-Chirurgical 
Hospital, a member of the Advisory- 
Board of the Hahnemann Medical Col- 
lege and Hospital, a manager of the Penn- 
sylvania Working Home for Blind Men, 
a member of the Historical Society of 
Pennsylvania, Academy of Natural 
Sciences, the American Association for 
the Advancement of Science, the Franklin 
Institute, the Numismatic and Antiquar- 
ian Society, the Photographic Society, 
the Geographical Society, the Genealogi- 
cal Society, the St. Andrewrs' Society of 
Philadelphia, the City Parks Association, 
the Fairmount Park Art Association, the 
Zoological Society, the Athenaeum of 
Philadelphia and the New England So- 
ciety of Philadelphia. By right of his 
Colonial ancestors he holds membership 
in the Society of Colonial Wars, and in 
The Colonial Society of Pennsylvania. 
Through the patriotic services of his 
great-great-great-grandfather, Joseph 
Parker, he was admitted to membership 
in The Society of Sons of the Revolution. 
The preceding memberships show the 
wide extent of Mr. Milne's tastes as in 
all these societies he exercises an active 
working interest. He is not a recluse, 
and with his many business interests and 
scientific research, clings to his love of 
out-of-doors and gratifies that liking 
through his clubs, The Corinthian Yacht, 
the Philadelphia Country, the German- 
town Cricket and the Merion Cricket. 
His more purely social clubs are the Uni- 
versity, Racquet, Art, Penn and Union 
League, all of Philadelphia. 

Mr. Milne married, in 1896, Margaret 
L. Skerrett, daughter of Rear Admiral, 
United States Navy, Joseph S. Skerrett 
and Margaret Love (Taylor) Skerrett, of 
Washington, D. C. He has four sons 
and resides at his beautiful country place, 
"Roslyn Manor," School House Lane, 



Germantown, where there are all the evi- 
dences of the man of culture and refined 
tastes. It is one of the finest of the many 
striking residences in that beautiful sub- 
urb, and contains nearly fifty acres with 
a glorious view over the valley of the 
Schuylkill and Wissahickon and a lawn 
that makes an admirable foreground 
graded and planted with great skill and 
picturesque effect. 



WHEELER, Herbert Locke, D.D.S., 
Leading Professional Instrnotor. 

The Wheeler family from whom Dr. 
Herbert Locke Wheeler is descended, is 
of English origin. Several of the name 
were in Concord, Massachusetts, in early 
Colonial times, who appear to have set- 
tled there about the same time ; but it is 
not known if those founders of the differ- 
ent Wheeler families there were related 
to each other or not ; however, from ex- 
tant facts they appear to have had a com- 
mon origin. George, Joseph, and Oba- 
diah Wheeler were among the early set- 
tlers of Concord, and may have been 
members of the first party that settled 
there in 1635. Thomas, Timothy, Eph- 
raim, and Thomas Jr. came to Concord 
directly from England in 1639; and as 
there was a Thomas Wheeler in Boston 
in 1636, he may be the same who was 
later in Concord. 

(I) Thomas Wheeler, of Concord, 
Massachusetts, was born in England, 
1620, died in Concord, December 24, 1704. 
He was sergeant in 1662, and served in 
King Philip's war. Married (first) Sarah 
Merriam, about 1648. She died February 
I, 1677, at Concord, and was descended 
from William Merriam, of Hadlon, coun- 
ty Kent, England, who was born there 
about 1560, and died September 23, 1635, 
in Massachusetts Bay Colony. Married 
(second) Sarah Beers, widow of Isaac 
Sterns, July 23, 1677, at Concord. 

(II) Timothy, son of Thomas and Sa- 



S13 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



rah (Merriam) Wheeler, was born July 
24, 1667, at Concord, Massachusetts, died 
there April 14, 1718. He married, May 
19, 1692, Lydia Wheeler, daughter of 
John, son of George Wheeler, and he had 
children, namely: Lydia, Timothy, of 
whom further, Jonas, Sarah, Mary, Ben- 
jamin, Elizabeth, Anna. 

(III) Timothy (2), son of Timothy 
(i) and Lydia (Wheeler) Wheeler, was 
born March 8, 1696-97, died in 1782, at 
Concord, Massachusetts. He was captain 
in the Colonial Militia. He married Abi- 
gail Monroe, June 25, 1719, at Concord. 
She was born June 28, 1701, granddaugh- 
ter of William Monroe, of Lexington, 
Massachusetts. They had children, 
namely: Jonas, of whom further; Abigail, 
Timothy, Lydia, Nathan, Amos, Eliza- 
beth, Davis, Mary, Lucy, William. 

(IV) Jonas, son of Timothy (2) and 
Abigail (Monroe) Wheeler, was born 
May 18, 1720, at Concord, Massachusetts. 
He moved with his family to New Ips- 
wich, in Hillsboro county, New Hamp- 
shire, in 1762, and was there during the 
revolution. Volume 14, page 34, of New 
Hampshire State Papers, shows that 
Jonas Wheeler served seven days accord- 
ing to a muster roll of men who marched 
from New Ipswich before daylight on the 
morning of April 20, 1775 ; and in another 
list of persons that went to Cambridge 
in April, 1775, on the alarm of the battle 
of Concord. He died in New Ipswich, 
New Hampshire, in 181 5. Married Per- 
sis Brooks, October 13, 1743, at Concord, 
Massachusetts. She was born August 
2, 1720, at Concord, Massachusetts, and 
was a descendant of Captain Thomas 
Brooks, of Watertown, Massachusetts, 
and of Captain Hugh Mason, of King 
Philip's war, 1675. They had children, 
namely: Persis, born in 1744; Jonas, 
1746; Dorothy, 1748; Seth, 1750; Silas, 
1752; Isaac, 1754; Amos, of whom fur- 
ther; Abigail, 1760; Noah, 1763. 

(V) Amos, son of Jonas and Persis 



(Brooks) Wheeler, was born July 28, 
1756, at Concord, Massachusetts. Moved 
to New Ipswich, Hillsboro county. New 
Hampshire, with his parents in 1762, and 
lived at New Ipswich until after the Rev- 
olutionary war. The New Hampshire 
State Papers, Vol. 15, page 93, shows 
that Amos Wheeler served five days, 
from June 29 to July 3, 1777, in Captain 
Josiah Brown's company, in Colonel 
Hale's regiment, which marched to rein- 
force Ticonderoga in June and July, 1777, 
from New Ipswich, New Hampshire. 
Volume 15, page 220, shows that Amos 
Wheeler, among others of the Wheeler 
name, was discharged from military serv- 
ice, September 26, 1777; and paid for 
service in Captain Stephen Parker's com- 
pany of Colonel Moses Nichol's regiment, 
of men who marched from New Ipswich, 
New Hampshire. He married Catherine 
Locke, daughter of Captain Josiah and 
Persis (Matthews) Locke, at Wilming- 
ton, Vermont. She was born August 31, 
1760, at Westboro, Massachusetts, died 
April 4, 1851, at Brookfield, Madison 
county. New York ; was a lineal descend- 
ant of Deacon William Locke, of Wo- 
burn, Massachusetts Bay Colony. He 
was born December 13, 1628, in Stepney 
Parish, London, England ; March 22, 
1634, he was registered to embark for 
New England ; died June 16, 1720, at Wo- 
burn. Married Mary Clarke, in Woburn, 
December 27, 1655, born December 20, 
1640, at Watertown, and died July 18,. 
1715, at Woburn. Captain Josiah Locke, 
a descendant, was born February 6, 1735, 
at Westboro, Massachusetts, where he re- 
sided until 1760; lived in Leicester in 
1765 and several years thereafter; was in 
Hardwick, Massachusetts, in 1768, where 
he was captain in the militia. He con- 
ducted a "country store" while living at 
Hardwick ; about 1779 moved to Wil- 
mington, Vermont, where he served as 
justice of the peace. Massachusetts Rec- 
ords of Soldiers and Sailors of the Revo- 



514 




LLU 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



lution, Vol. IX., page 902, recites that 
"Josiah Lock, Hardwick, Lieutenant, 
Capt. Simen Hazeltine's co. of Minute- 
Men, which marched on the alarm of 
April 19, 1775; service 16 days: also, Cap- 
tain loth (Hardwick) co.. Col. James 
Conver's (4th Worcester Co.) regt. of 
Mass. Militia ; list of officers chosen by 
the several companies in said regiment, 
dated Brookfield, May 14, 1776; ordered 
in Council May 31, 1776, that said offi- 
cers be commissioned ; reported commis- 
sioned May 31, 1776." Married Persis 
Matthews, of New Braintree, Massachu- 
setts, born September 3, 1735, or by an- 
other record, November 16, 1735, and died 
April 21, 1839, at Litchfield, New York, 
aged one hundred and three years and 
more. Children of Amos and Catherine 
(Locke) Wheeler, namely: Persis Wheel- 
er, married Price P. Mclntyre, and lived 
at Brookfield, New York ; Josiah, of whom 
further; Arad, who resided at Villanova, 
Chautauqua county, New York : Kitty ; 

Catherine, married Shepherd and 

resided in Chenango county. New York ; 
Amos, resided at Villanova, Chautauqua 
county. New York ; Loretta, who lived at 
the same place. 

(VI) Josiah, son of Amos and Cather- 
ine (Locke) Wheeler, was born August 
30, 1784, at Wilmington, Vermont. Was 
a farmer who moved to Western New 
York early in the nineteenth century, 
and settled in Brookfield, Madison coun- 
ty. New York. Later moved to Allegany 
county. New York, where he died Novem- 
ber 26, 1833. He married Eunice Cran- 
dall, born October 20, 1784. at Westerly, 
Rhode Island, died February 18, 1868, in 
Wirt, Allegany county. New York. They 
had issue, eleven children, among whom 
was Lyman A., of whom further. 

(VII) Lyman A., son of Josiah and 
Eunice (Crandall) Wheeler, was born 
April 26, 1820, at Brookfield, Madison 
county. New York. He lived at several 
places, namely : Wirt, Allegany county. 



New York ; in Erie county, Pennsylvania, 
and in Jasper county, Missouri, where he 
died in 1897, on a ranch. He was a 
farmer, a teacher, and a graduate, in 1842, 
of the Alfred University, at Alfred, Alle- 
gany county. New York. Married Mary 
Malvina Rogers, daughter of John and 
Ann (Finch) Rogers, of Oxford, Che- 
nango county. New York. She was a 
graduate of Alfred University in 1862. 
They had among other children Herbert 
Locke, of whom further. 

(VIII) Dr. Herbert Locke Wheeler, 
son of Lyman A. and Mary Malvina 
(Rogers) Wheeler, was born January 12, 
1869, at Corry, Erie county, Pennsyl- 
vania. Was educated in the public 
schools of Pittsfield, Massachusetts, and 
at Hammonton, Atlantic county. New 
Jersey. He then attended the Philadel- 
phia Dental College, and the Medico- 
Chirurgical School of Philadelphia, from 
which he graduated as D.D.S. in 1890. 
He began the practice of dentistry at 
Warren, Massachusetts, the same year. 
He moved to Worcester, Massachusetts, 
in 1893, and to New York City in 1901, 
where he became associated with Dr. J. 
Morgan Howe, under the professional 
firm name of Howe & Wheeler. In 1907 
he was offered the position of Dean of 
the Philadelphia Dental College, but de- 
clined the appointment in order to con- 
tinue his professional work in New York. 
Was lecturer of the Philadelphia Dental 
College ; clinical instructor in the Dental 
Department of the Medico-Chirurgical 
College of Philadelphia ; also professor 
and trustee of the College of Dental and 
Aural Surgery of New York. He is con- 
sulting dentist of the "Sea Breeze Hos- 
pital" at Coney Island, New York : den- 
tist in charge of the St. Bartholomew 
Dental Clinic ; director of the Dental 
Service of Bellevue and Allied Hospitals, 
of New York : consulting dentist and lec- 
turer of the New York State Department 
of Health. Is a member of the Hygeine 



515 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Council of the Federation Dentaire In- 
ternationale; of the New York Academy 
of Sciences ; Fellow of American Acad- 
emy of Dental Science, Boston; corre- 
sponding member of the Massachusetts 
Dental Society ; honorary member of the 
New Haven, Connecticut, Dental Society ; 
and likewise of the Plainfield, New Jer- 
sey Dental Society. Ex-president of the 
First District Dental Society of New 
York City; president of the New York 
Institute of Stomatology ; member of the 
Executive Council of New York State 
Dental Society, also of the House of 
Delegates of the National Dental Associa- 
tion ; and chairman of the Journal Com- 
mittee of the National Dental Associa- 
tion; Fellow of American Academy of 
Dental Surgery of New Jersey. 

Dr. Wheeler is one of the leaders in 
his profession, and was the first person 
to suggest to Dr. Lederle, Health Com- 
missioner of New York City, the pro- 
priety of establishing a dental service of 
the Department of Child Hygiene, in the 
New York City Health Department, 
which was introduced and has accom- 
plished much good. He is the author of 
numerous monographs on subjects relat- 
ing to Stomatology, several of which have 
been translated into German and other 
languages. He is a member of the Penn- 
sylvania Society of New York ; the 
American Museum of Natural History, of 
New York ; and of the American Medical 
Association. Served three years in the 
Worcester, Massachusetts, Light Infan- 
try, of Massachusets State Militia. Is a 
member of the Stamford, Connecticut, 
Yacht Club and the Wee Burn Golf Club 
and of the Republican Club, New York ; 
also a member of the Union Lodge, No. 
5, Free and Accepted Masons, at Stam- 
ford, Connecticut, and is a Knight Tem- 
plar. 

Dr. Herbert Locke Wheeler married 
Gertrude May Slater, daughter of Wil- 
liam Dayton and Adelaide (Burnham) 



Slater, June 10, 1891, at Springfield, 
Massachusetts. She was born April 2, 
1871, at Springfield, Massachusetts; is de- 
scended from an old New England fam- 
ily. They have three children, namely: 
I. Clififord Slater, born May 2-j, 1892, at 
Springfield, Massachusetts, was educated 
in the public schools of Worcester, 
Massachusetts, and of New York City, 
and later attended the Stamford, Connec- 
ticut, high school and Colgate College, 
one year ; and then one year at the Syra- 
cuse, New York, University ; he is em- 
ployed as a clerk in the Banking House 
of S. B. Chapin, of New York City. 2. 
Arthur Chapin, born October 4, 1900, at 
Worcester, Massachusetts ; attended 
schools in Stamford, Connecticut, and the 
"Gunnery School" at Washington, Con- 
necticut. 3. Catherine Adelaide, born 
November 26, 1906, in New York City. 



CRUMRINE. Hon. Boyd, LL.D. 

liatryer, State Reporter, Anthor. 

[The following sketch of Mr. Crumrine is re- 
printed by permission, with slight amendment, 
from the "History of the Jefferson College 
Class of i860," by Rev. J. W. Wightman, D.D., 
of Washington, D. C, read on the occasion of 
the 50th anniversay of the graduation of that 
class, held by its surviving members on June 
21, 1910, during the commencement exercises of 
the united college of Washington and Jefferson. 

On June 19, 1912, during the commencement 
exercises of that year, the board of trustees of 
Washington and Jefferson College conferred 
upon Mr. Crumrine the honorary degree of 
LL.D., in consideration, as was publicly stated 
at the time, of his work as the official State 
Reporter of the Decisions of the Supreme Court 
of Pennsylvania, and his many publications re- 
lating to the local history of Southwestern 
Pennsylvania.] 

This member of our class is by pro- 
fession an attorney at law, residing at 
Washington, Pennsylvania, but practicing 
regularly in the courts of Allegheny 
county, as well as of his native county 
of Washington. He is of German de- 
16 




/h. 






ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



scent, tracing his ancestry in America 
back to 1748, and, in Germany to Sep- 
tember 7, 1719, the birthday of his immi- 
grating ancestor, George Lenhart Krum- 
rein, his great-great-grandfather. His 
great-grandfather on his maternal side 
was an Englishman, George Rex by name, 
who gave to him his one-eighth English 
blood, the remaining seven-eighths being 
given him by his German ancestors. 

The Thirty-Years War in Germany 
was followed by long-protracted religious 
persecutions, resulting in extensive emi- 
grations to the new world, chiefly to 
Pennsylvania, of those who came from 
central Germany. In the office of the 
Secretary of the Commonwealth at Har- 
risburg are preserved the original lists 
of over thirty thousand German immi- 
grants into Pennsylvania within the 
period 1727-1776, immediately prior to 
the Revolutionary War with Great 
Britain. These lists are in Rupp's "Col- 
lection of Thirty Thousand German Im- 
migrants," published some years ago and 
found also in vol. 17, Second Series, of 
the "Pennsylvania Archives." Any one 
examining them will be attracted by the 
facts that in many cases the ship's list of 
names subscribed to the oath of alleg- 
iance is headed by the name of the pastor 
who was leading his people into the 
wilderness ; and that, excepting a very 
small percentage of the whole number, 
every name is written in German script, 
evidently the writer's autograph, and in 
the clear hand of a good penman. 

In this collection of thirty thousand 
names there are but two "Krumreins." 
On September 11, 1732, "the ship 'Penn- 
sylvania,' John Stedman, master, from 
Rotterdam, last from Plymouth," landed 
with "seventy-three males above sixteen, 
women and children of both sexes ninety- 
eight, — in all, one hundred and seventy- 
one." In this list is the name of "Hans 
Michael Krumrein." And on September 
5, 1748, "the ship 'Edinburgh,' James Rus- 

51; 



sell, master, from Rotterdam, last from 
Portsmouth," landed with one hundred 
and twenty-seven persons. In this list of 
names is that of "George Lenhart Krum- 
rein." 

The Lutheran Church Registry at 
Dottingen, in Wiirtemberg, Germany, 
shows that "Hans Michael Krumrein" 
was born in Yungholzhausen, between 
the rivers Rhine and the Necker, not far 
from Stuttgart, in Wiirtemberg, on June 
I3> ^7^2' ^"d "communicated" for the 
"first" time in 1726. His name does not 
again appear upon the registry, as it 
doubtless would have done had he died 
or remained in the jurisdiction. The 
same registry shows the name of "George 
Leonhardt Krumrein" as born at the same 
place on September 7, 1719, and after- 
ward as a communicant for the "last" 
time in 1746, after which his name is no 
more to be found, as it doubtless would 
have been had he died or remained in the 
Fatherland. Germany has always looked 
after her children. There are records in 
the heart of Germany yet to be received, 
by which the family name "Krumrein" 
may be traced back to 1592.' 

Hans Michael Krumrein, after living in 
the neighborhood of Philadelphia until 
after 1741, passed westward into North- 
ampton county, and finally into Centre 



' It will be interesting, at least to the descend- 
ants of Mr. Crumrine, to know that his geneal- 
ogy, as far back as learned, is now shown by a 
table made up from the Parish Records of the 
Lutheran Church at Dottingen in Wiirtemberg, 
Germany, and certified by the pastor in charge; 
from which, beginning with Thomas Krumrein, 
born in 1592, and, adding his ancestry in America 
through the immigrant, his line is as follows : 

Thomas Krumrein, born at Yungholzhausen 
in 1593; had son Georg, born 1629; who had son 
Georg, born 1667; who had son Georg Philipp, 
born 1696; who had son Georg Leonhardt, born 
1719, who, in 1748, emigrated, to America and 
settled in old Baltimore county, Md., and had 
a son Abraham, who had a son George, who had 
a son George and also a son Daniel, and one of 
Daniel's sons was our classmate, Boyd Crumrine. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



county, where some of his descendants 
still live near Bellefonte, the county seat, 
others having passed on into Ohio. 
George Lenhart Krumrein settled in Bal- 
timore county, Maryland, which then ex- 
tended westward as far as York county, 
Pennsylvania. And in the year l8oo, 
George Crumrine, a son of Abraham, who 
was a son of George Lenhart, passed 
from Baltimore county, Maryland, near 
Melrose, now Carroll county, Maryland, 
over the Alleghanies into the valley of the 
Monongahela, and settled upon a farm 
on the east side of Plum Run, in East 
Bethlehem township, Washington county, 
Pennsylvania. One of his sons, Daniel 
Crumrine, was born upon the same farm 
on April 25, 1805. He married Margaret, 
a daughter of John Bower, Esq., who lived 
at Fredericktown in said township. 
Elizabeth, the mother of Margaret Bower, 
was a daughter of George Rex, of Jeffer- 
son, Greene county, Pennsylvania, here- 
tofore mentioned. The Bower family was 
of Swiss-German origin and came west 
from the Juniata valley in 1796. 

Boyd Crumrine, our classmate, was a 
son of Daniel and Margaret (Bower) 
Crumrine, and was born in East Bethle- 
hem township, Washington county, Penn- 
sylvania, February 9, 1838, on the farm 
occupied by his grandfather in 1800. His 
boyhood was spent upon his father's 
farm, at hard work as a farmer's boy, and 
in attendance upon the schools of the 
Buckingham district, in said township. 
During the winters of 1854-55 and 1855- 
56, he attended the Bridgeport high 
schools, in the care of Mr. L. F. Parker, 
afterward State Superintendent of Public 
Instruction in Iowa ; and in the summer of 
1856 he was a student at Waynesburg 
College, Waynesburg, Pennsylvania. In 
September, 1856, after a public examina- 
tion in Old Prayer Hall, he was admitted 
to the sophomore class of Jefferson Col- 
lege, with an admonition from good old 
Dr. Smith, that maybe he "would haf to 



mek up a leedle Greek" ; and the first sen- 
tence of Greek he ever had to translate 
was from Demosthenes on the Crown! 
Yet he had previously learned something 
of the old tongue from his preceding 
summer's study of the Greek Ollendorff. 
At the beginning of his second term, 
however, being somewhat wiser, he was 
permitted, at his own request, to drop 
back into the freshman class, in order that 
he might lay a better foundation for a 
more complete classical course. With 
that class he remained until his gradua- 
tion with it on August i, i860, when he 
was given the Greek Salutatory for de- 
livery, his special friend and the friend 
of all of us, Roland Thompson, being 
charged with the delivery of the more 
honorable Valedictory, the two dividing 
the first honor of the class. Mr. Crum- 
rine writes of one incident of the last day 
of his college life as follows : 

"You will remember that, to obtain access to 
the large platform in front of the pulpit in old 
Providence Hall to say our commencement 
speeches, we had to climb a temporary stairway 
up into a rear window, and thence pass to our 
positions on the platform. A little before the 
exercises commenced I had gone up the steps 
to the window, and to my surprise I saw my 
father, a plain farmer, in a seat on the platform 
among the doctors of divinity, eminent trustees 
and other venerable visitors usually in attend- 
ance on Commencement Day ! I at once thought 
I would go to him, and suggest that he find 
another seat with the audience, in a vast crowd, 
a jam, below. But, thought I as a wiser 
thought, 'you will behave, I know, and you have 
as good a right to sit on that platform as any 
of the big-wigs about you,' and he stayed there. 
My name being called, third probably, as I 
passed forward to my place I had to go immedi- 
ately in front of him, and as I did so he reached 
his right hand to me with a small package, 
which quickly went into my right hand vest 
pocket. Nobody saw the act, I think, but that 
packet, whatever it was, did not help the Greek 
speech much. As soon as I was let off and had 
got back out of the window to the campus in 
the rear, I went for that roll, and found that it 
counted out $100, a large sum for a farmer of 
those days. Then I thought : 'Well, I pray to 



518 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



God that you may yet live long enough to see 
me among the well-known and busy lawyers of 
the Washington Bar.' I knew that I had been 
an expensive student to him, especially in the 
way of the purchase of books, many of which 
I had imported from London, as aids in my 
class studies. He died in 1883." 



At the beginning of our junior year, 
Professor John Eraser, of mathematics, 
blessed be his memory, formed what he 
called his "Select Class," embracing all 
the juniors whose grades were above 
ninety, to whom he offered special in- 
structions in the higher mathematics and 
in general literature. The class consisted 
of Mr. Crumrine and four others, one of 
whom was our class historian, and these 
met at night for two years in the pro- 
fessor's chambers in Old Fort Job, where 
the privileged five were regaled often into 
the "wee sma' hours" of the morning, by 
the loftiest thoughts and the noblest sen- 
timents of the man who, as a teacher, 
stands without a rival and without a peer 
in the memories of his pupils. 

One year before graduation Mr. Crum- 
rine chose the legal profession for his 
life-work, and entered upon it with Hon. 
John L. Gow, of Washington, Pennsyl- 
vania, as his preceptor, to whom he re- 
cited once a week during his senior year 
at college. And during that year, in ad- 
dition to his other work, he served as 
tutor for two hours each afternoon in the 
preparatory department. The first year 
after graduation he taught a select class 
of young ladies at Canonsburg, continu- 
ing his law studies at the same time, and 
on August 26, 1861, he was admitted to 
practice as attorney at law at the Wash- 
ington county bar. 

The Civil War, which had begun with 
the attack upon Fort Sumter in April, 
1861, had interfered with Mr. Crumrine's 
purpose to begin legal business in the 
West, and within a week after his admis- 
sion to the bar he enrolled himself as a 
private in an infantry company which, in 

519 



the following November, 1861, was mus- 
tered into the service of the United States 
as Company B, 85th Regiment Pennsyl- 
vania Volunteer Infantry, when he was 
made quartermaster-sergeant of the regi- 
ment. After spending the winter of 1861- 
62 with his regiment in training camps 
about Washington, D. C, he was dis- 
charged, in order to accept a commission 
as first lieutenant in a brigade of Eastern 
Virginia Volunteers then forming, but 
soon after his commission was received, 
the government issued an order discon- 
tinuing all recruiting service and disband- 
ing all incomplete organizations. This 
made him a citizen again, and returning 
home he opened a law office in Washing- 
ton, Pennsylvania, in May, 1862, and be- 
gan the practice of law, in which he has 
continued ever since, with sufficient busi- 
ness always to keep him occupied. He 
has not grown rich in goods and chattels ; 
he never made such riches his object in 
life. He has almost always had reason- 
ably good health, and as will be seen he 
has done much work in a literary way 
outside his profession. Of his own efforts 
in life he wrote to the class historian for 
our reunion of 1885: 

"I have tried to keep my little boat trimmed 
neatly, and to trim it myself and after my own 
style. My sole ambition has been to do as well 
as I could what has been set before me. The 
law to me has been a jealous mistress; yet, as a 
relaxation and a mellowing of the lines of toil, 
which otherwise would have been hard to me, 
I have been a rider of hobbies, one after an- 
other, but always with the reservation of the 
liberty to change them at my own will and 
pleasure, — philology at one period, then ento- 
mology, the microscope, and for many of the 
later years, local history and philosophy." 

Mr. Crumrine, coming out of college 
just before the beginning of the Civil War 
when the word "politics" came to mean 
something, at once became deeply inter- 
ested in public affairs, and during the war 
and afterwards until the shameful period 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of reconstruction, was an ardent Repub- 
lican ; but, at the time when patriotic busi- 
ness men abandoned "politics" and let the 
professional politicians take hold again 
of the party machinery, he became and 
has remained an Independent Republican, 
and will so remain. He has tried only to 
do his duty in public affairs, as well as 
in his private life and business. 

He served his county as its district at- 
torney, by election, from 1865 to 1868. 
In 1870 he served his State and Nation 
under appointment of the U. S. Census 
office, in compiling the Social Statistics 
for the Western District of Pennsylvania, 
composed of the territory of about three- 
fourths of that State, for the Ninth Cen- 
sus of the United States. After this last 
temporary employment outside of his pro- 
fession in matters in which he had great 
interest, he confined himself to his legal 
business until, in April, 1887, he was ap- 
pointed, without solicitation on his part, 
by Hon. James A. Beaver, Governor of 
Pennsylvania, the State Reporter of the 
Decisions of the Supreme Court of Penn- 
sylvania, and, accepting the appointment 
as one suited to his tastes and experience, 
he had published at the end of his five- 
years term thirty-one official volumes of 
Pennsylvania State Reports. 

In the winter of 1891-92, his term as 
State Reporter about expiring, his name 
was presented to President Harrison for 
appointment as U. S. District Judge for 
the Western District of Pennsylvania, 
and among many letters to the President 
from judges and lawyers of the State, 
filed in his favor, there was one in which 
the judges of the Supreme Court of the 
State had joined, and this letter was such 
as made him feel more than comfortable, 
even though he failed to receive the ap- 
pointment. At the general election in 
November, 1891, he was chosen a member 
of the Constitutional Convention provided 
for by the Act of the General Assembly 
of Pennsylvania passed June 19, 1891. 



However, a majority of the electors of the 
State voting against the prohibition 
amendment submitted to the people, the 
convention was not held. In 1894 he 
was mentioned for nomination as a can- 
didate for the office of Judge of the Su- 
preme Court; and in 1895, the Superior 
Court having been created and organized, 
an active canvass was made by his profes- 
sional friends in favor of his nomination 
as one of the judges of that court, but 
unsuccessfully. He has frequently al- 
lowed himself to be made a candidate 
for office, "but," he says, "I have never 
solicited the vote of an elector in my life, 
nor sought to have anyone else to get it 
for me." 

At the close of his term as State Re- 
porter, Mr. Crumrine opened again an 
office for active practice with his son-in- 
law, Mr. J. P. Patterson, at No. 96 Dia- 
mond street, Pittsburgh, — afterwards re- 
moved to 432 Diamond, and now in 
Rooms 501-504 Berger Building, Pitts- 
burgh. Since then, still retaining his con- 
nection with his home office, at Washing- 
ton, Pennsylvania, conducted by his son, 
E. E. Crumrine, he has been employed 
literally day and night in the business 
of his profession. But, whenever, in his 
almost fifty years in the pursuit of his 
calling, he would become wearied, he 
would rest by riding his hobby for the 
time being, and outside of printed pam- 
phlets and addresses, and records and 
arguments for the appellate courts, he 
has published the following bound vol- 
umes: 

1. "Rules to Regulate the Practice of the 
several Courts of Washington County." Phila- 
delphia, King & Baird, 1871. i vol. 

2. "Pittsburgh Reports; containing Cases de- 
cided by the Federal and State Courts, Chiefly 
at Pittsburgh." Philadelphia, John Campbell & 
Son, 1872-1873. 3 vols. 

3. "Omnium Gatherum, or Notes of Cases for 
the Lawyer's Pocket and Counsel Table." Wash- 
ington, Pa., E. R Crumrine, 1878. i vol. 

4. "The Centennial Celebration of the Or- 



520 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ganization of Washington County, Pennsylvania, 
Proceedings and Addresses." Washington, Pa., 
E. E. Crumrine, 1881. i vol. 

5. "History of Washington County, Pennsyl- 
vania, with Biographical Sketches of many of its 
Pioneers and Prominent Men." Illustrated. 
Royal octavo, 1,002 pages with index. Philadel- 
phia, L. H. Everts & Co., press of J. B. Lippin- 
cott & Co., 1882. I vol. 

6. "Pennsylvania State Reports, Containing 
Cases decided by the Supreme Court of Penn- 
sylvania." Vols. 116 to 146 inclusive. New York 
and Albany, Banks & Brothers, 1887-1892. 31 
vols. 

7. "The Boundary Controversy between Penn- 
sylvania and Virginia, 1748-1785, with the Rec- 
ords of the Old Virginia Courts held within 
Southwestern Pennsylvania from 1775 to 1780." 
Separates from the Annals of the Carnegie 
Museum, bound together. Pittsburgh, Pa., Car- 
negie Museum, 1902- 1905. i vol. 

8. "The Courts of Justice, Bench and Bar of 
Washington County, Pennsylvania, with Sketches 
of the Early Court-houses, the Judicial System, 
the Law Judges, and a History of the erection 
and dedication of the Court-house of 1900 ; Por- 
traits and Illustrations." The Lakeside Press, 
Chicago, 1902. I vol. 

9. Bound up with No. 7, supra: "The County 
Court for the District of West Augusta, held 
at Augusta Town (Washington), Pa., I776-I777-" 
An Historical Sketch. Washington, Pa., Ob- 
server Job Rooms, 1905. I vol. 

ID. "Art Work of Washington County, in 
Nine Parts, for Portfolio." Historical Develop- 
ment in Text. Chicago, Gravure Illustration 
Company, 1905. i vol. 

II. "The Celebration of the Incorporation of 
Washington, Pa., as a Borough on February 12, 
1810"; with an Introductory Sketch of the Old- 
Home Week's Entertainment, and the Addresses 
by Hon. Daniel Ashworth, subject, "The Great 
Gateway"; Prof. Albert Bushnell Hart, Ph.D., 
subject, "The Pennsylvania Pioneer"; Mr. David 
T. Watson, LL.D., subject, "Early School-Day 
Recollections" ; and a "Centennial Ode" by Miss 
Wilma F. Schmitz. Printed by the New Era 
Printing Co., Lancaster, Pa., 1912. One volume. 

Mr. Crumrine is a member of the board 
of curators of the Citizens' Library of 
Washington, Pennsylvania; of the board 
of directors of the Washington Cemetery ; 
of the board of directors of the Washing- 
ton Fire Insurance Company; member 
and ex-president of the Washington 



County Bar Association ; president of the 
Washington County Historical Society; 
member of the State Advisory Commis- 
sion for the Preservation of Public Rec- 
ords ; fourth vice-president of the West- 
ern Pennsylvania Historical Society, 
Pittsburgh ; member of the National Con- 
servation Association of Washington, 

D. C. ; member of American Academy of 
Political and Social Science, Philadel- 
phia; member of American Institute of 
Criminal Law and Criminology, Chicago; 
and a member of the Pennsylvania Arbi- 
tration and Peace Society, Philadelphia. 

On August 2, i860, the day following 
that on which he was made a bachelor 
of arts, Mr. Crumrine was married to 
Miss Harriett J., daughter of George A. 
and Jane B. (Thompson) Kirk, of Can- 
onsburg. Pa. They had four children : 
Ernest Ethelbert, Louisa Celeste, Roland 
Thompson and Hattie J. Of these Roland 
T. and Hattie J. both died young. Ernest 

E. is a graduate of Washington and Jef- 
ferson College, class of 1883, and, ad- 
mitted to the Washington bar in 1886, 
is associated with his father in the law 
office at Washington, Pennsylvania. His 
wife is Gertrude, daughter of Rev. Dr. 
J. F. Magill, late of Fairfield, Iowa, de- 
ceased ; they have one son, Lucius Mc- 
Kennan Crumrine, now a sophomore in 
the Washington and Jefferson class of 
1912. Louisa Celeste was educated at the 
Washington Female Seminary, and is 
now the wife of J. P. Patterson, Esq., of 
the Pittsburgh bar, associated with her 
father in their law office at Pittsburgh. 
They now reside at Crafton, Allegheny 
county, and have had three children: 
Hattie, a daughter who died young, and 
two sons, John Logan and Boyd Crum- 
rine Patterson, both now in the Crafton 
graded schools. 

Mr. Crumrine's first wife, Harriett J. 
(Kirk), to whom he was married on 
August 2, i860, died after a severe illness 
on April 29, 1899; and on January i, 1902, 



521 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



at Chicago, Illinois, he was married to 
Miss Martha A. Roberts, a daughter of 
Mr. John T. Roberts, deceased, formerly 
of Canonsburg, Pennsylvania, and a full 
cousin of his first wife. They reside at 
212 East Maiden street, Washington, 
Pennsylvania, in the property purchased 
by Mr. Crumrine in 1866. 

These simple annals — they are nothing 
more — present the record of a life devoted 
to doing things, and disclose the persist- 
ing characteristics of a college student 
who always did things well. Unwearied 
labor, self-impelled and moving along 
chosen lines of conscientious effort, has 
brought results, and they are of the kind 
that bring recompense. The result of 
doing is being. The final fruits of a 
man's efforts are found in himself. We 
accordingly congratulate our classmate 
on the largeness of a life which has al- 
ready been so generously comprehensive, 
and yet continues beyond the Biblical 
limit of three score years and ten in level 
poise and vigorous activity. So may it 
continue, till present lights become as 
shadows in the presence of the greater 
light. 



BAUSMAN, Joseph Henderson, 

Clergyman, Educator, Author. 

The Rev. Joseph Henderson Bausman, 
D.D., is a native of Pennsylvania, born in 
Washington, December 26, 1854, son of 
John and Sarah S. Bausman. His father 
was a journalist; at one time editor of the 
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, "Patriot," and 
for many years editor and publisher of 
the Washington, Pennsylvania, "Re- 
porter." 

Dr. Bausman began his education in 
the common schools of his native place, 
and received his collegiate training in 
Washington and Jefferson College, from 
which he was graduated in 1880 with the 
degree of Bachelor of Arts, and in 1883 
he received the Master's degree from the 



same institution. In the same year he 
was graduated from the Western Theo- 
logical Seminary, Allegheny, Pennsyl- 
vania, and became pastor of the churches 
of Homer City and Bethel, Presbytery of 
Kittaning. In 1887 he was called to the 
pastorate of the churches of Rochester 
and Freedom, Presbytery of Allegheny. 
In the following year he resigned from 
the Freedom Church, but continued to 
serve the church at Rochester until the 
spring of 1892. From 1892 he has been 
pastor of the First Congregational Church 
of Rochester, Pennsylvania. In 1905 he 
received from Washington and Jefferson 
College the degree of Doctor of Divinity, 
and in 1906 he was elected by the board 
of trustees of that college as the Wallace 
Professor of Rhetoric and Oratory, and 
now holds that chair. 

Dr. Bausman is the author of a very 
complete and comprehensive "History of 
Beaver County, Pennsylvania," two vol- 
umes, published by The Knickerbocker 
Press (G. P. Putnam's Sons), in 1904, 
and of the "History of the Class of 1880, 
Washington and Jefferson College," pub- 
lished by the same press in 1905. He is 
a member of the Bassett Club, Washing- 
ton, Pennsylvania ; the Query Club, Pitts- 
burgh ; the American Historical Associa- 
tion, Historical Society of Pennsylvania 
and Historical Society of Western Penn- 
sylvania. 

He married, at Rochester, Pennsyl- 
vania, February 23, 1909, Hettie Bu- 
chanan Moulds, of that place, born in 
Steubenville, Ohio. 



HEMPHILL, Joseph, 

Iiairyer, Jnriat. 

From the time Alexander Hemphill 
from the North of Ireland became an 
"inmate" of Edgmont, Chester county, 
Pennsylvania, the Hemphills have been 
important factors in the growth, develop- 
ment and prosperity of Chester county. 



522- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



This record deals with three generations 
of lawyers, all practitioners at the Ches- 
ter county bar, all eminent in their pro- 
fession, and all men of the highest char- 
acter. They are representative of the 
third, fourth and fifth generations of their 
family in the United States. 

Alexander Hemphill, the emigrant, set- 
tled in Chester county about the middle 
of the eighteenth century, and had among 
other children a son James Hemphill, 
who is recorded in Edgmont, Chester 
county, as early as 1747. He was a pros- 
perous farmer, a township officer, and 
from 1762 to 1803 one of the trustees of 
the Middletown Presbyterian Church. 
He was buried August 12, 1809, at St. 
John's Episcopal Church in Concord 
township. He married, at Christ Church, 
Philadelphia, December 26, 1750, Eliza- 
beth Wills, who in 1812 moved to West 
Chester with three of her daughters. 

William Hemphill, twelfth of the thir- 
teen children of James and Elizabeth 
(Wills) Hemphill, was born in Goshen, 
December 6, 1776, and obtained his edu- 
cation in the schools of West Chester and 
Wilmington. After a full apprenticeship 
of the bookbinder's trade, he studied law 
and was admitted to the Chester county 
bar. In November, 1803, he was ap- 
pointed Deputy Attorney General for the 
county, an office he held five years. That 
he was one of the leaders of the bar is 
attested by the records of the courts of 
Chester county, his name therein appear- 
ing as counsel in almost one-third of the 
cases tried from 1805 to the time of his 
death in West Chester, October 2, 1817. 
That he was a progressive citizen is 
shown not only by the fact that in front 
of his residence on High street was laid 
the first brick pavement in the town, but 
also by the fact that he was the most en- 
ergetic solicitor of funds and the largest 
contributor to the West Chester Acad- 
emy. He also assisted in the organiza- 
tion of the West Chester Fire Company 



in 1799, and was for several years its 
treasurer. He was prominent in the 
councils of the Federalist party, and in 
181 1 was the candidate of that party for 
State Senator, running well ahead of his 
ticket, but failing of an election. He 
married Ann McClellan, daughter of 
Colonel Joseph and Keziah (Parke) 
McClellan, of West Chester. He was 
buried in the Friends' burying ground on 
High street, but after the death of his 
widow, August 19, i860, his remains were 
taken to Oakland cemetery, where they 
rest side by side. Both of his sons em- 
braced the profession of law, although 
the eldest, James Alexander Hemphill, 
first a midshipman in the United States 
Navy, renounced his profession, after 
practicing ten years, in favor of journal- 
ism. 

Joseph, second son of William and Ann 
(McClellan) Hemphill, was born in West 
Chester, December 7, 1807. He was edu- 
cated under the direction of Jonathan 
Cause and Joshua Hoopes, of West Ches- 
ter, and James W. Robbins of Lenox, 
Massachusetts. He chose his father's 
profession, and studied law under the 
preceptorship of Thomas S. Bell. He 
was admitted to the Chester county bar, 
August 3, 1829, and soon afterward to 
the bar of Delaware county. Devoted 
as he was to his profession, he reached 
a commanding position at the bar, which 
he maintained until his death. In Janu- 
ary, 1839, he was appointed by Governor 
David R. Porter to the office of Deputy 
Attorney General, serving until January, 
1845, declining reappointment. He was 
several times the nominee of his party 
for the Legislature and for Congress, and 
in 1861 was nominated for the office of 
President Judge of the district composed 
of the counties of Chester and Delaware. 
The Republican majority at that time 
was, however, too great, even for Mr. 
Hemphill to overcome, although he 
greatly reduced the normal majority 



523 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



against his party. Judge Futhey, now 
also deceased, who knew him well, said 
of him : 

"His career as a lawyer was marked by a 
remarkable degree of fairness towards an op- 
ponent in the trial of a cause, a quiet yet reso- 
lute bearing, close attention to the details of the 
case in hand, and the most watchful care over 
the interests of his cHents. He was not only a 
sound and well-read lawyer but an excellent 
belles-lettres scholar. He took a deep interest in 
public affairs and his mind was stored with con- 
temporaneous history, both local and general. 
In politics he acted with the Democratic party 
and for forty years had taken a leading part in 
its counsels, speaking at public meetings and 
supporting its nominations. But his patriotism 
rose above party and he hesitated not to rebuke 
it, when it was in conflict with his sense of 
duty." 

He married, in Philadelphia, Novem- 
ber 22, 1841, Catherine Elizabeth Dal- 
lett, daughter of Elijah and Judith (Jen- 
kinson) Dallett of Philadelphia. Joseph 
Hemphill died February 11, 1870, his 
widow surviving until May 13, 1878. 
Both are buried in Oakland cemetery. 

Joseph, eldest of the seven children of 
Joseph and Catherine Elizabeth (Dal- 
lett) Hemphill, and the third of this dis- 
tinguished trio of Chester county law- 
yers, was born at West Chester, Septem- 
ber 17, 1842. He attended private schools 
in his native town, and Willistown Semi- 
nary at East Hampton, Massachusetts. In 
i860 he began the study of law in his 
father's office, continuing until Septem- 
ber, 1862, when as first sergeant of Com- 
pany D, Second Regiment Pennsylvania 
Militia, he was called into service. A few 
weeks later, the regiment having been 
discharged, he entered Harvard Law 
School in the senior class, being under 
the personal direction of Chief Justice 
Parker, later of the Supreme Court of 
New Hampshire and of Parsons & Wash- 
burn, the well-known legal authors. 
Upon his return from Harvard the fol- 
lowing June, he enlisted in the 43rd Penn- 



sylvania Regiment as first sergeant of 
Company E, and was again called out 
when Lee invaded Pennsylvania in 1863. 
Two months later the regiment was mus- 
tered out, and he then resumed legal 
study under his father. On October 31, 
1864, after passing the required exami- 
nation with an excellent record, he was 
admitted to the Chester county bar, and 
soon afterward was admitted to a part- 
nership with his father that existed until 
the death of the latter in 1870. From 
that time until his elevation to the bench, 
he was in continuous active practice, with 
offices in the Hemphill Building, erected 
by his father in 1836-37. 

Judge Hemphill's political career, ter- 
minating in his election to the office of 
President Judge of Chester county, is 
of interest. A conservative Jeffersonian 
Democrat, he was for several years chair- 
man of the Democratic committee of 
Chester county. He was several times 
the nominee of his party for the State 
Legislature and for district attorney. In 
1872 he was elected a member of the 
Constitutional Convention, and his ser- 
vices in that body in 1872-73 were both 
conspicuous and valuable. It was his 
valuable service to his State in framing 
the new constitution, his excellent judg- 
ment, well balanced legal mind, his high 
standing at the bar and his great personal 
popularity in the county that made him 
the logical candidate of the Democracy 
in 1889 for the office of Additional Law 
Judge, and he was elected by a majority 
of thirty-two votes in a district over- 
whelmingly Republican, Chester county 
having given one year previous 4,000 ma- 
jority for Harrison over Cleveland. Add 
to this the fact that in the election of 
1889 every candidate on the Democratic 
ticket went down to defeat, except Judge 
Hemphill, and an idea of the great per- 
sonal strength of the man may be gained. 
He took his seat January 6, 1890, and 
in 1897, upon the death of Judge Wad- 



524 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



dell, he was succeeded by Judge Hemp- 
hill as President Judge of Chester county. 
Upon the expiration of his term in 1899 
he was nominated by the Democratic 
party to succeed himself and received the 
great and unusual compliment of receiv- 
ing an endorsement from every party 
having a ticket in the field. This unani- 
mous approval of his ten years on the 
bench was a most gracious endorsement, 
and one most gratifying to the upright 
judge receiving it. At the expiration of 
his second term he was again reelected, 
and is now serving his third term in a 
district opposed to him politically. By 
the bar he is recognized as one of the 
ablest common pleas judges in Pennsyl- 
vania, and it is said that no county court 
in the State meets with fewer reversals 
in the Supreme Court than that of the 
county of Chester. 

Judge Hemphill married, February 28, 
1867, Eliza Ann Lytle, daughter of 
Colonel Edward H. and Elizabeth 
(Shoenberger) Lytle, of Blair county, 
Pennsylvania. Children: Lily; Joseph; 
Edward, died young, and William Lytle, 
Judge Hemphill on October 31, 1914, 
will have completed a term of service at 
the Chester county bar covering half a 
century. As trembling novice, success- 
ful practitioner and judge, this veteran 
of a thousand legal battles reviews a past 
that can give him naught but satisfac- 
tion. He has his residence in West Ches- 
ter, the town in which his father and 
grandfather both lived, and the court 
over which he has so long presided is the 
same in which they practiced and laid 
the foundation on which the legal fame 
of the present Judge Hemphill securely 
rests. 



CARLIN, Thomas H., 

Prominent Business Man. 

Among those who laid the foundations 
of Pittsburgh's greatness were many of 



the sturdy, aggressive North of Ireland 
stock — men who were, in many instances, 
the descendants of Scottish ancestors, 
and who brought with them to the New 
World those forceful and sterling traits 
of character for which they had ever 
been noted in their home across the sea. 
A representative of the finest type of this 
masterful race was the late Thomas 
Houston Carlin, head of the firm of 
Thomas Carlin's Sons, famous for foun- 
dry work and the manufacture of machin- 
ery. Mr. Carlin was a life-long resident 
of his native city, and for more than a 
quarter of a century was closely and 
prominently identified with her leading 
interests. 

Thomas Carlin, father of Thomas H. 
Carlin, was born in 1821, in Belfast, Ire- 
land, and was the son of an officer in 
the English army. About 1850 Thomas 
Carlin emigrated to the United States and 
settled in Allegheny City, now North Side, 
Pittsburgh. Skilled in every detail per- 
taining to foundry work and the manu- 
facture of machinery, he founded, in i860, 
the firm of Thomas Carlin, which has 
since become one of the most prominent 
of its kind in the city. Mr. Carlin was a 
Republican in politics, a member of the 
United Presbyterian church and active in 
charitable work. He married Flora Mc- 
Alechan, and their children were: David, 
died in 1881 ; Thomas H., mentioned be- 
low ; Mary, married John Irwin ; and 
William James, whose sketch and por- 
trait appear elsewhere in this work; and 
John Henry, president of Carlin Machin- 
ery Supply Company, of Pittsburgh, 
North Side. Mr. Carlin died in 1884, 
leaving the reputation of an honorable 
manufacturer of aggressive methods, an 
upright citizen and a kind-hearted, genial 
man. His brother. General Carlin, was a 
famous Federal officer of the Civil War. 

Thomas H., son of Thomas and Flora 
(McMechan) Carlin, was born December 
7, 185 1, in Pittsburgh, and received his 



525 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



education in the public schools of his na- 
tive city. He early became associated 
in business with his father, manifesting 
from the first clear insight, sound judg- 
ment and the ability to look ahead and 
foretell results. Upon the death of his 
father Mr. Carlin became head of the 
great concern which, under his capable 
management, steadily enlarged the scope 
of its transactions. Always a man of 
singularly strong personality, Mr. Carlin 
exerted a wonderful influence over his as- 
sociates and subordinates. By the former 
especially was he loved and respected, by 
reason of the invariable justice, kindli- 
ness and consideration which marked his 
conduct toward them. After his retire- 
ment from the firm he engaged very suc- 
cessfully in the real estate business. 

In everything pertaining to the city's 
welfare Mr. Carlin manifested a keen 
and active interest, affiliating with the 
Republicans in politics, but never being 
numbered among office-seekers. He was 
quietly but actively charitable, never 
neglecting an opportunity to assist one to 
whom nature, fate or environment had 
seemed less kindly than to himself. He 
belonged to the Engineers' Association of 
Western Pennsylvania and was a mem- 
ber of the Second United Presbyterian 
Church. In Mr. Carlin's character there 
was a happy combination of gentleness 
and dignity. A fine-looking, genial man, 
his countenance radiating an optimistic 
spirit, the briefest talk with him revealed 
his remarkable ability and versatile tal- 
ents. Of dignified and affable manners, 
his simplicity and personal magnetism 
surrounded him with a host of friends, 
and inspired a warm regard in those never 
within the circle of intimacy. 

Mr. Carlin married, November 4, 1886, 
Sarah A., daughter of William H. and 
Margrete (Stewart) Alexander, and they 
became the parents of the following chil- 
dren : Thomas H., William McKinley, 
and Flora. Mrs. Carlin, a woman of 



charming personality, and admirably 
fitted by mental endowments, thorough 
education and innate grace and refine- 
ment for her position as one of the potent 
factors of Pittsburgh society, is also an 
accomplished home-maker, and during 
the entire period of their union her hus- 
band ever found in her an ideal helpmeet. 
Mr. Carlin was devoted to the ties of 
family and friendship, regarding them as 
sacred obligations. 

The death of this able and broad- 
minded man occurred June 23, 1909, and 
was mourned as that of one who had 
never allowed questionable methods to 
form part of his business career, and 
whose daily conduct had been, in large 
measure, an exemplification of his belief 
in the brotherhood of mankind. 

The life of Thomas H. Carlin was that 
of the ideal Pittsburgh business man — 
the man who, while finding in the arena 
of business his true sphere of action, is 
yet a force in the political, social and re- 
ligious life of his community, whose sym- 
metrically developed nature secures for 
him a wide range of interests and causes 
his influence to be both deep and far- 
reaching. It was a truly well-rounded 
life, the life of a man whose conduct and 
example were a blessing to his day and 
generation. 



READER, Francis Smith, 

Soldier, Journalist. 

Francis Smith Reader, of New 
Brighton, Pennsylvania, is the son of 
Francis Reader and Eleanor Bentley 
Smith, and comes of a long line of 
American ancestors. The earliest known 
of this family branch is of one Samuel 
Reader, who married Elizabeth, daughter 
of William Palmer, of the Ravenshaw 
estate, near Solihul, in Warwickshire, 
England. They moved to Houiley, where 
they had seven children. Of these, Wil- 
liam, born November, 1752, married Mary 



526 





/^^-c^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



White, of High Cross Rowington, in 1782, 
and in 1784 they moved to Houiley. 
They were F. S. Reader's grandparents, 
and had thirteen children. In 1804, Wil- 
liam Reader determined to go to Amer- 
ica, and he sold his farming stock by 
auction at Honiley, March 12-13, 1804. 
They left Liverpool, June 11, 1804, on 
the American ship "Washington," and 
reached Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Aug- 
ust 15, after a voyage of 65 days, a part 
of which was very stormy and danger- 
ous. All the family came to America 
except the eldest son, William. The fam- 
ily remained in the neighborhood of Phil- 
adelphia for some weeks, and in the fall 
bought a wagon and some horses and 
started for Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, un- 
dergoing the hardships incident to the 
traveling of that day, over the mountains 
and through the wilderness everywhere, 
happy in the thought of founding a home 
of their own among the people of the free 
and promising new country. At Pitts- 
burgh he made inquiries for land, and 
selected a farm on the ]\Ionongahela 
river, in Nottingham township, Wash- 
ington county, Pennsylvania, February i, 
1805, containing 200 acres, for which he 
paid $8 an acre. In a letter to his son 
William, in London, he described its im- 
provements as "a. new house which cost 
$1,000, a barn, stable, and some other out- 
buildings, and a whiskey distillery, which 
proved the ruin of the family that for- 
merly owned it, for they all but two died 
for the love of it." One of their neigh- 
bors was John Holcroft, from Lancashire, 
England, a prominent figure in the 
"Whiskey Insurrection" in western Penn- 
sylvania, and was reputed to be the no- 
torious "Tom the Tinker" of that period. 
Charles Reader, one of the sons of Wil- 
liam Reader, painted a portrait of Hol- 
croft which is yet in existence. William 
Reader had great faith in Mr. Holcroft, 
and turned to him as the adviser of his 
family in his property interests, while he 



made a business trip to his old home in 
England, and some of their descendants 
intermarried. William Reader died in 
1808, and the property passed to his 
widow and children. Francis Reader, 
eleventh son of William Reader, born 
September 23, 1798, was the father of 
Francis S. Reader. 

F. S. Reader's ancestors on his mother's 
side were all early settlers of this coun- 
try, antedating the Revolution in each 
case. The Scotts and Agnews were 
Scotch-Irish, while the Smiths, Wallaces 
and Hopkinses were pure Scotch. The 
earliest settler in this country of all the 
families was Hugh Scott, who settled in 
Chester county, Pennsylvania, in 1670. 
Rebecca Scott, granddaughter of Hugh, 
married James Agnew as his second wife. 
James Agnew was born October, 171 1, 
and settled in what is now Adams county, 
Pennsylvania, in 1734. He was a de- 
scendant of the old Agnew family, whose 
place was at Straurear, in the southwest 
part of Scotland, the history of which is 
given from A. D. 99. James and Rebecca 
Agnew had a family of nine children, of 
whom Anne, born October 3, 1753, be- 
came the wife of Rev. John Smith, May 
12, 1772. Rev. John Smith was born in 
1747, near Stirling, Scotland ; was gradu- 
ated at the University of Glasgow, 
studied theology with Prof. Moncrieff, 
and is believed to be a descendant of the 
covenanting martyr Walter Smith, who 
suffered death in 1681. He was ordained 
in 1769 by the Associate Presbytery of 
Stirling, volunteered to go as a mission- 
ary to America, and became a member 
of the Pequea, Pennsylvania, Presbytery, 
June 4, 1771. He was installed May 6, 
1772, pastor of the Middle Octoraro 
Church in Lancaster county, remaining 
there until 1796, when he was installed 
as pastor of the Chartiers Associate 
Church, Canonsburg, Washington coun- 
ty. Pennsylvania, remaining until 1802, 
after which he served for some time in 
527 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Alexandria, Virginia, and later lived on 
a farm near Canonsburg, where he died, 
March 25, 1825. A church historian has 
said of him : "In mental force, in theo- 
logical learning and in pulpit power, Mr. 
Smith had few equals, and perhaps no 
superiors, among all the ministers with 
whom he was ecclesiastically associated, 
and soon after the Union of 1782 he was 
designated by the Associate Reformed 
Synod as a suitable person to take over- 
sight and instruction of its theological 
students." The Union of 1782 was that 
of the Associate (Seceders) Presbytery, 
and the Reformed (Covenanters) Presby- 
tery of Pennsylvania, of which he was 
declared to be "one of the fathers" by 
the Associate Reformed Synod of Amer- 
ica in 1838. Rev. John Smith and wife 
had nine children, of whom James Ag- 
new Smith, born September 3, 1787, mar- 
ried Martha Wallace, daughter of Colonel 
William Wallace, September 7, 1809. 
They were the grandparents, on the 
mother's side, of Francis S. Reader. 

Colonel William Wallace and wife, 
Elizabeth Hopkins Wallace, whose 
daughter Martha married James Agnew 
Smith, had a long line of ancestors in 
Maryland, who came from Renfrewshire 
and Ayrshire, Scotland. The first record 
of the Wallaces in Maryland was of one 
Matthew Wallace, who was granted a pat- 
ent in 1694 for a tract of land in Somer- 
set county, called Kirkminster. He had 
at least three sons, one of whom was at- 
tracted by the Scotch colony called "New 
Scotland," within the limits of the Dis- 
trict of Columbia, and settled there. The 
first mention of James Wallace in this 
section was August 8, 1710, and he is be- 
lieved to be the father of James and Wil- 
liam Wallace, who founded "Brothers 
Industry," a plantation of 1,429 acres, in 
Prince George county, in 1722. This tract 
lies back of Cabin John bridge, about two 
miles from where that famous creek en- 
ters the Potomac river. It is one of the 



traditions and family tenets of these Wal- 
laces that they are descended from Sir 
Malcolm Wallace, the Knight of Elderslie, 
father of Sir William Wallace, the great 
Scotch patriot, through one of his other 
sons, of whom he had three, and the claim 
seems to be well founded, thus tracing the 
ancestry of the family to the early part of 
the twelfth century, when Richard, son 
of Galieus of Wales, known as "Richard 
the Welshman," went into Scotland and 
founded the family of Wallace, and is the 
progenitor of all the Wallaces in Scotland 
and Ireland, and their descendants in 
America and other lands. His first grant 
of land was in Ayrshire, while his great- 
grandson. Sir Malcolm Wallace, was at 
Elderslie in Renfrewshire. It is from 
the Elderslie branch that the Wallaces 
of Virginia and Maryland claim descent. 
James Wallace, of "Brothers Indus- 
try," married Mary Douglass, of Scot- 
land, and they had five children. Their 
daughter Eleanor married John Hopkins, 
a Scotchman of the same county. They 
had eleven children, some of whom moved 
to Washington county, Pennsylvania, and 
became very prominent. Elizabeth, a 
daughter of John Hopkins, married Wil- 
liam Wallace, son of William Wallace, 
brother of James Wallace. Thus it ap- 
pears that William Wallace married the 
daughter of his cousin, Eleanor Wallace 
Hopkins. William Wallace and Eliza- 
beth Hopkins were married in Montgom- 
ery county, Maryland, July 11, 1779, and 
soon after their marriage moved to what 
is now Somerset township, Washington 
county, Pennsylvania. They built a 
stone house about two miles from Bent- 
leysville, in 1779 and 1780, which is yet 
standing, where their family of six chil- 
dren were born. Their youngest daugh- 
ter, Martha, born September 5, 1788, mar- 
ried James Agnew Smith. Colonel Wal- 
lace owned several tracts of land in Som- 
erset and Bethlehem townships, one 
called "Wallace's Industry," and another 



528 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



"Wallace's bargain," over 1,700 acres in 
all. He also had a grist mill, was a 
planter and stock grower, and owned at 
one time four slaves, but never was a dis- 
tiller. William Wallace was a soldier in 
the Revolutionary war, serving in Cap- 
tain Richard Smith's company of militia, 
for the service of the "Flying Camp," in 
Maryland, in the campaigns of General 
Washington in 1776-77, and perhaps 
later; and in the "Rangers of the Fron- 
tier" after moving to Washington county, 
Pennsylvania. After the Revolution he 
was a prominent figure in the militia of 
the State. In 1782 he was a private, in 
1784 an ensign, and became colonel of 
militia in 1791 or 1792. His title of 
colonel was derived from this office in 
the militia, as he held no office in the 
Revolutionary army so far as is known. 
Colonel Wallace was prominent as a poli- 
tician as well as a soldier. June 30, 1788, 
he was appointed Associate Judge in 
Washington county, by the Supreme Ex- 
ecutive Council of the State, for the term 
of seven years ; was elected fourth sheriff 
of the county, November 9, 1790, for three 
years; and was elected as a representa- 
tive to the House of Representatives of 
the State, October 2, 1794, serving three 
terms. In the "Whiskey Insurrection" 
he was at a meeting held in Pittsburgh, 
August 27, 1792, and was appointed 
chairman of the committee on corre- 
spondence, but, so far as the records 
show, took no offensive part in the move- 
ment. He was a stipend payer in Rev. 
John McMillan's Pigeon Creek Presby- 
terian Church, and was a man of great 
influence in his day. The coat-of-arms of 
the Elderslie line of Wallaces is as fol- 
lows, and it is practically the same as that 
adopted by the Wallaces of Virginia: 
"Az. a lion rampant arg. within a bordure, 
counter compony arg. and az. — crest, an 
ostrich holding in his beak a horseshoe 
ppr." 

Francis Reader, son of William and 



Mary Reader, married (first) December 
25, 1832, Catherine James, daughter of 
William James, a Revolutionary soldier. 
They had two children, Samuel James 
Reader and Eliza Matilda Reader. The 
mother died May 19, 1836, and the chil- 
dren were left in care of her sister, Eliza 
James. Mr. James and his daughter and 
two children moved to Wellsburg, Vir- 
ginia, in 1839, thence to La Harpe, Illi- 
nois, in 1841, and in May, 1855, removed 
to Indianola, Kansas, where they se- 
lected land. Eliza M. Reader, born De- 
cember 15, 1833, was married to Dr. M. 
A. Campdoras, a French surgeon, Febru- 
ary 22, 1858, and had the following chil- 
dren : Leon S., J. Katherine, Frank 
Reader, Virginia J., Grace R., Velleda M., 
and Irene M. He served in the Civil War 
as assistant surgeon of the Second Regi- 
ment, Indian Home Guards, and was 
wounded at the battle of Cane Hill, No- 
vember 28, 1862. Samuel J. Reader, born 
January 25, 1836, married, December 17, 
1867, Elizabeth E. Smith, of La Harpe, 
Illinois, and had three children — Ruth 
and Frederick A., deceased, and Eliza- 
beth, born October 9, 1871. He was a 
private in Company G, Second Regiment, 
"Kansas Free State Army," during the 
"Border Ruffian War" in 1856, being with 
"Old John Brown" a short time. He par- 
ticipated in the battle of Hickory Point, 
Kansas, September 13, 1856, and the 
next day returned home. In the Civil 
War he was second lieutenant of Com- 
pany D, Second Regiment Kansas State 
Militia, and later quartermaster of the 
regiment. October 22, 1864, he was in the 
battle of Big Blue River, was captured, 
and escaped October 25. He retired from 
service October 30, 1864. Francis Reader 
married (second) January 10, 1842, Elea- 
nor Bentley Smith, whose ancestors are 
briefly noticed in preceding pages. They 
settled in Greenfield, now Coal Center, 
Washington county, Pennsylvania, where 
they had three children — Francis Smith, 
529 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



born November 17, 1842; Martha W., 
born October 22, 1844; and Eleanor M., 
born October 5, 1846. The mother died 
of typhoid fever February 8, 1847. She 
was a member of the Cumberland Pres- 
byterian Church. After the death of the 
mother, the children lived with their 
grandparents, James A. Smith and wife, 
and the father, with his sisters, Harriet 
and Martha Reader, lived on adjoining 
farms in Union township until his mar- 
riage with Mrs. William Duvall Jack- 
man, January 8, 1849, when the family 
was reunited. The new mother was a 
noble woman and a true mother, but was 
called by death December 8, 1854. 

Francis Reader was reared on his 
father's farm, and, in addition to the work 
of farming, he learned the trade of car- 
penter and millwright. Being of a stu- 
dious turn of mind, and especially fond 
of mathematics, he applied himself to 
study and learned civil engineering. All 
his studying was done after the day's 
work, mastering the few books he could 
get possession of. After settling in 
Greenfield he followed his trade as car- 
penter for about twenty years. June il, 
1844, he was elected justice of the peace, 
an office he held for thirty-two years. 
When not employed at his trade he gave 
his time to surveying and the duties of 
justice, which included conveyancing in 
its different forms. He surveyed nearly 
all the coal mines in the neighborhood, 
many of the farms, and laid out the town 
of Newell, across the river from Green- 
field, and his work was regarded as so 
correct that what he did was accepted as 
final and binding. On October 28, 1862, 
he was elected deputy surveyor general, 
now county surveyor, of Washington 
county, though it was politically opposed 
to him, and served three years. In mental 
ability, strength of character, honesty of 
purpose, uprightness of life and fairness 
to others, he was without a superior in 
the neighborhood, and he was freely con- 



sulted by his neighbors on all subjects, 
and had their full confidence. He was a 
member of the Presbyterian church, and 
a prominent Mason. During the Civil 
War both of his sons and two of his sons- 
in-law served in the Union army. His 
daughter, Martha W. Reader, was mar- 
ried December 25, 1867, to William F. 
Morgan, of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 
who was born April 12, 1843, ^"^ was a 
member of prominent families of the 
Monongahela valley, a descendant of 
Colonel Edward Cook, one of the most 
prominent men in Western Pennsylvania 
during the Revolutionary period. Mr. 
Morgan served in the Civil War in the 
62d Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers 
until March 25, 1863, and reenlisted Aug- 
ust 9, 1863, in a Pennsylvania battery of 
light artillery, and served until the close 
of the war. He was an elder of the Pres- 
byterian church, and a worker in the 
church and Sunday school. His wife was 
also a member. Both are deceased. They 
had the following children: Harry 
Reader, born January 11, 1869; Frank E., 
born March 28, 1871 ; Pearl A., born Aug- 
ust 9, 1874; Katherine E., born May 18, 
1879; Mary Eleanor, born April 29, 1885; 
and Grace H., born May 31, 1887, de- 
ceased. His other daughter, Eleanor M., 
was united in marriage with Rev. Oliver 
Gans Hertzog, October 28, 1869, who was 
born April 9, 1844, in Fayette county, 
Pennsylvania. His ancestors on his 
father's side came from Holland to Mary- 
land before the Revolution. On his 
mother's side he traces his ancestry to 
George Baltzer Gans, who came from 
Germany to Philadelphia in 1719. Mr. 
Hertzog began teaching at twenty years 
of age, and was educated at the State 
Normal School, California, Pennsylvania, 
and Bethany College, West Virginia. He 
was baptized into the Baptist church at 
sixteen years of age, united with the Dis- 
ciples of Christ at twenty-one, and en- 
tered upon the work of the ministry at 



530 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



twenty-five. He has served and built 
churches in many places in New York 
and Canada, and September i, 1891, be- 
came financial secretary of Hiram Col- 
lege, Ohio, and resigned to work with the 
missionary board of the church, and later 
retired. Their children — Frances, born 
April I, 1871 ; Fred Reader, born Octo- 
ber 17, 1872; Oliver Russell, born June 4, 
1884; and Eleanor May and Carl Willard, 
died in infancy. 

Francis S. Reader received his school- 
ing in the public schools, and a short 
course in Mount Union College, Ohio, 
and a commercial course in Iron City Col- 
lege, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. His 
summers were generally spent with rela- 
tives in the country, and he worked some 
time with his father at the carpenter 
trade. At the breaking out of the Civil 
War he was clerk in a store and assistant 
postmaster of his native town. Preceding 
the war he was an interested listener to 
the arguments for and against slavery, 
and his sympathies were enlisted on the 
side of the abolitionists. The feeling 
was intense, but he kept his counsel, de- 
termined to stand by his country. 

When Fort Sumter was fired upon, he 
joined with his neighbors in forming a 
military company, which was organized 
April 27, 1861, but was not accepted by 
the State on account of the quota being 
filled. Governor Pierpont, of reorganized 
Virginia, asked this company to serve in 
his State, and the invitation was accepted, 
the company being mustered into the 
United States service July 10, 1861, at 
Wheeling, Virginia. Later it was sent to 
Beverly, Virginia, where it was desig- 
nated as Company I, Second Virginia In- 
fantry. The regiment retained this name 
until June, 1863, when it was mounted, 
and then named mounted infantry, and 
later the Fifth West Virginia Cavalry. As 
infantry the regiment served under Gen- 
eral John C. Fremont in the Shenandoah 
valley campaign against "Stonewall" 



Jackson, and under General John Pope in 
his campaign in Virginia, and other cam- 
paigns in Western Virginia. As cavalry 
it served under General William Averell 
in his famous campaigns in Western Vir- 
ginia. In July, 1863, Francis S. Reader 
was detailed by special order to General 
Averell's headquarters, and in the spring 
of 1864 to General Franz Sigel's head- 
quarters in the Shenandoah valley, and on 
the retirement of General Sigel was trans- 
ferred to General David Hunter's head- 
quarters, and was connected with the 
Assistant Provost Marshal's department. 
He was captured in General Hunter's 
famous expedition to Lynchburg, Vir- 
ginia, in June, 1864. His term of service 
having about expired he, with others, was 
ordered to form the advance guard for a 
command in charge of a wagon train re- 
turning to the Kanawha Valley. He and 
other comrades were cut oflf and captured 
June 20, 1864, near White Sulphur 
Springs, West Virginia, and taken to 
Lynchburg, Virginia, where they were 
imprisoned in a tobacco warehouse. From 
here they were taken on a train bound 
for Andersonville prison, and on July 19 
he and three comrades jumped from the 
train, about twenty miles south of 
Burkesville Junction, Virginia, and after 
ten days and nights of suffering and 
hunger, walking in the night and hiding 
during the day, reached General Meade's 
headquarters at Petersburg, Virginia, 
July 30, 1864, having passed through the 
right wing of General Robert E. Lee's 
grand Confederate army. Broken in 
health, he was sent home and was dis- 
charged August 8, 1864. 

He rested at home and took part in the 
political campaign, casting his first vote 
for Abraham Lincoln in November. He 
taught school that winter, and in the 
spring took a course in bookkeeping in 
Iron City College, Pittsburgh, Pennsyl- 
vania. In July, 1865, he was offered a 
clerkship in the civil service, under Hon. 



531 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



David Sankey, Collector of Internal 
Revenue, Nevf Castle, Pennsylvania, and 
entered upon his duties July 22, being 
associated intimately for over a year 
with Ira D. Sankey, the famous singing 
evangelist. With the exception of one 
year, he was in this work for about ten 
years continuously. He was converted 
December 16, 1865, at a series of meet- 
ings in the Methodist Episcopal church. 
October 22, 1866, he left New Castle and 
entered the office of Archibald Robert- 
son, at Brighton, now Beaver Falls, 
Pennsylvania, successor of Mr. Sankey, 
and remained until August, 1867, when 
he resigned to attend Mount Union Col- 
lege, Ohio, spending two terms at that 
school. 

On the evening of December 24, 1867, 
he was united in marriage with Miss Mer- 
ran F. Darling, daughter of Joseph Q. and 
Rebecca Cobb Darling, of New Brighton. 
Joseph Darling came of an old New Eng- 
land family, being born in Orford, New 
Hampshire, in 1806, son of Josiah and 
Mary Quint Darling. The Darlings seem 
to have had their origin in that State at 
^anbornton, and were living there long 
before the Revolution. The Quints were 
among the early settlers of New Hamp- 
shire, one John Quint being a scout 
against the French in 1712, and a number 
of the family were in the Revolutionary 
army. Rebecca Cobb came also of old 
New England families. The Cobbs set- 
tled in Massachusetts, where her great- 
grandfather, Isaac Cobb, was born in 
1760. They were seamen, and after their 
removal to Chautauqua county. New 
York, Isaac Cobb was captain of a boat 
on the lakes — the "Henry Clay." On her 
mother's side, the Bucklens were also an 
old New England family, moving to 
Chautauqua county, New York, in June, 
1817, and settled Bucklens Corners, now 
known as Gerry. Joseph Q. Darling and 
Miss Rebecca Cobb were married in 
Chautauqua county. New York, their 



daughter Merran being born there Sep- 
tember 28, 1846, after which they removed 
to New Brighton, Pennsylvania. 

Francis S. and Merran D. Reader have 
two sons — Frank Eugene Reader, and 
Willard Stanton Reader. 

Frank Eugene Reader was born De- 
cember 15, 1868. He attended the pub- 
lic schools at New Brighton, Pennsyl- 
vania, and Geneva College, Beaver Falls, 
Pennsylvania, and in October, 1885, en- 
tered Johns Hopkins University, Balti- 
more, Maryland, where he pursued the 
undergraduate course, and was gradu- 
ated June, 1888, with the degree of Bach- 
elor of Arts, taking second honors in a 
large class. He registered in the law of- 
fice of Major A. M. Brown and John S. 
Lambie, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in 
1889, and was admitted to practice in 
the Allegheny county courts September, 
1 891, and the Beaver county, Pennsyl- 
vania, courts, in October, 1891. Later 
he was admitted to the superior and su- 
preme courts of Pennsylvania. He be- 
came a member of the law firm of Moore, 
Moore & Reader in 1892 and was elected 
solicitor of the Beaver County Building 
and Loan Association the same year. In 
April, 1897, he retired from the firm and 
opened an office in his own name in New 
Brighton. He became a member of the 
firm of Hice, Morrison, Reader & May, 
January i, 1898. He is a member of the 
Historical Society of Beaver County, 
Pennsylvania, and of the Pennsylvania 
Society Sons of the American Revolu- 
tion. He was united in marriage with 
Jennie B. Nesbit, June 3, 1896, and they 
have three daughters — Dorothy Nesbit 
Reader, born May 8, 1897; Merran Ethel 
Reader, born February 17, 1900; and Mar- 
tha Moore Reader, born May 20, 1903. 
They and the two older girls are members 
of Grace Methodist Episcopal church, 
New Brighton, Pennsylvania. 

Mrs. Reader is the daughter of Sam- 
uel H. Nesbit, D.D., and Lida J. Moore. 



532 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Dr. Nesbit was of Scotch-Irish descent, 
his parents coming to this country from 
the North of Ireland when young, and 
were married in 1811. He was born in 
Butler county, Pennsylvania, September 
30, 182 1, and was converted in 1842, and 
entered Allegheny College, Meadville, 
Pennsylvania, in 1845, to prepare for the 
ministry. He was licensed as a local 
preacher November 3, 1843, and received 
on trial in the Pittsburgh Conference 
Methodist Episcopal church in 1847. He 
was principal of Wellsburg, Virginia, 
Seminary, 1853-5; president of Richmond 
College, 1857-8; editor of the "Pittsburgh 
Christian Advocate," 1860-1872; presiding 
elder two terms ; and afterward served as 
pastor of the churches at Monongahela, 
Butler and New Brighton, Pennsylvania, 
dying at the latter place while pastor, 
April 5, 1891. 

Willard Stanton Reader was born Sep- 
tember 28, 1871. He attended public 
school and Geneva College for a short 
time. He entered the office of the "Beaver 
Valley News," owned by his father, as 
an apprentice in 1886, assumed the duties 
of reporter in 1888, and was admitted to 
partnership September 28, 1892, and since 
then has been the city editor of the paper. 
He wrote for Pittsburgh papers, was sec- 
retary of the Board of Health, and bur- 
gess of New Brighton one term. He is 
a member of the Pennsylvania Society 
Sons of the American Revolution. He 
was united in marriage with Miss Lily 
D. Robinson, March i, 1897; they have 
three sons — Willard Donald, born De- 
cember 20, 1897; Robert Wallace, born 
December 1.3, 1901 ; and Eugene Francis, 
born November 3, 1906. Mrs. Reader is 
the daughter of Thomas Robinson and 
Mary J. Lynch. Mr. Robinson served 
his country as a soldier in the Civil War. 
His ancestors settled early in the eastern 
part of Pennsylvania, where he was born. 
His mother was an Edwards, a family of 
strong and noble character in Lawrence 



county, Pennsylvania. Mrs. Robinson 
was of Scotch-Irish descent, her ances- 
tors coming from the North of Ireland 
to this country in 1780. Mr. and Mrs. 
Reader and the two older boys are mem- 
bers of the Presbyterian church. 

In March, 1868, Francis S. Reader re- 
ceived an appointment to preach in the 
North Missouri Conference, Methodist 
Episcopal church, but was compelled to 
abandon it before the year was up, on 
account of failure of voice, and returned 
to New Brighton, Pennsylvania. He held 
the office of local preacher for a number 
of years, was an official member thirty- 
five years and Sunday school superin- 
tendent twenty-seven years. In October, 
1904, he transferred his membership to 
the First Presbyterian church. New 
Brighton, Pennsylvania, of which his wife 
is also a member, and was elected a ruling 
elder September 20, 1905. He resumed 
work in the revenue office, and when 
Charles M. Merrick was appointed by 
President Grant as Collector of Internal 
Revenue in May, 1869, he was appointed 
chief deputy collector, and remained as 
such until January i, 1877, when the of- 
fice was abolished. He was secretary of 
Building and Loan Associations for 
nearly ten years; the first secretary of 
the first gas company in his county; 
member of council and school board, and 
active in all work for the welfare of the 
community. He was an active Repub- 
lican, and was frequently suggested as 
a candidate for Congress and the State 
Senate, but declined to be a candidate for 
any office, except for a second term in 
council. He was elected a member of 
the Republican County Committee in 
1869, and served several years, being sec- 
retary of the committee most of the time. 
Always an earnest advocate of fair play 
and decency and honor in politics, his 
service at times was very stormy. In 
1878 fraud was charged in the primary 
elections of the party, resulting in a great 



533 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



upheaval and defeat of part of the ticket. 
Following this he was appointed chair- 
man of a committee on new rules of the 
party, and in reporting them recom- 
mended that a committee be appointed to 
take the necessary steps to secure a law 
to govern primary elections. He was 
appointed to do this work, and prepared 
a special bill for that purpose, to govern 
the Republican primaries of Beaver 
county, Pennsylvania. He advertised it 
and paid personally all the expenses con- 
nected with it. The bill was presented to 
the legislature in January, 1879, and after 
much hard work it passed both bodies of 
the legislature, and was signed by the 
Governor, May 22, 1879, the first law in 
the United States to govern primary elec- 
tions. It was enacted into a general law 
in the session of 1881. 

His first efforts in journalism were re- 
porting political meetings in 1872 for 
Pittsburgh papers, later in a Pittsburgh 
paper a series of twenty-five articles on 
the history of the Beaver Valley, and 
a history of the Harmony Society. In 
May, 1874, he and Major David Critch- 
low started the "Beaver Valley News," 
the first issue appearing May 22, Mr. 
Reader being the editor. He purchased 
Major Critchlow's interest January i, 
1877, and February 5, 1883, started a daily 
issue. The paper always advocated what- 
ever would help his town and community, 
and was foremost in all movements of 
that kind. It has always been for purity 
in politics, and opposed the improper use 
of money in primaries and elections. It 
favors the cause of temperance, and re- 
fused always the use of its columns to 
liquor and similar advertisements, taking 
a stand for purity in the reading columns. 
It advocates a square deal for all, and 
never wilfully did anyone a wrong. In 
addition to his newspaper work, he wrote 
the "Life of Moody and Sankey" in 1876; 
"History of the Fifth West Virginia 
Cavalry," his own regiment, in 1890; 



"History of New Brighton, Pennsylva- 
nia," in 1899; "Some Pioneers of Wash- 
ington County, Pennsylvania," a family 
history, in 1902 ; "History of the News- 
papers of Beaver County, Pennsylvania," 
in 1905, and in 1910 the "History of the 
Schools of New Brighton, Pennsylvania." 
In addition to these, he wrote many ar- 
ticles on the Civil War and local history. 
He is a member of the National Geo- 
graphic Society, the Grand Army of the 
Republic and the Pennsylvania Society 
Sons of the American Revolution. 



TAYLOR, Charles L., 

Iieader in Steel Indnstry, Inventor, Pbllan- 
throplst. 

The imperial era of steel constitutes the 
great epic of Pittsburgh, and among the 
names of the builders and maintainers of 
this mighty industry that of Charles L. 
Taylor holds a place conspicuously hon- 
orable. Assistant to two successive presi- 
dents of the Carnegie Steel Company, 
Limited, and officially identified with 
other great steel organizations, Mr. Tay- 
lor was for a quarter of a century a dom- 
inant figure in industrial and financial 
circles. Having withdrawn from the 
arena of business, he is now, as president 
of the Carnegie Hero Fund Commission 
and vice-chairman of the United States 
Steel and Carnegie Pension Fund, con- 
spicuously and influentially associated 
with a number of the leading interests of 
the Iron City. 

Charles L. Taylor was born April 3, 
1857, in Philadelphia, and is a son of 
John D. and Sally (Rutter) Taylor, the 
former a prominent sugar refiner, and 
subsequently from 1874 to the time of his 
death, September 25, 1886, treasurer of 
the Pennsylvania Railroad Company. 
John D. Taylor's lineage was Scotch and 
his widow was a descendant of Dutch an- 
cestors. 

The education of Charles L. Taylor was 



534 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



received during his childhood and youth 
in public and private schools of his native 
city, and he subsequently studied mining 
engineering in Lehigh University, grad- 
uating in June, 1876, as valedictorian of 
his class, and receiving the degree of En- 
gineer of Mines (E.M.). His first em- 
ployment was with the Cambria Steel 
Company at Johnstown, Pennsylvania, as 
a chemist, and later he became assistant 
to the superintendent of blast furnaces. 
In 1880 he was chosen to fill the position 
of chemist to the Pittsburgh Bessemer 
Steel Company, predecessor of the Home- 
stead Steel Works, and removed to Pitts- 
burgh, where he has since resided. In 
1882 he was made superintendent of the 
Homestead Works, and after the consoli- 
dation of the Bessemer Company with the 
Carnegie Steel Company, Mr. Taylor re- 
tained his position, and remained until 
1887, being succeeded by Charles M. 
Schwab. In the latter year he became 
general manager of the Hartman Steel 
Company, a Carnegie interest, and re- 
tained the position during the ensuing 
two years. 

In 1890 Mr. Taylor was elected assist- 
ant secretary of Carnegie, Phipps & Com- 
pany, Limited, and in 1893 became assist- 
ant to John G. A. Leishman, president of 
the Carnegie Steel Company, Limited. 
He was intrusted with the general super- 
vision of the operations of all the works, 
and was continued in office under Presi- 
dent Charles M. Schwab. His business 
interests were thus of a most important 
nature, demanding the services of one 
whose ability was of a superior order and 
whose well balanced forces were manifest 
in sound judgment and a ready and rapid 
understanding of any problem that might 
be presented for solution. While under 
his systematic management there was no 
needless expenditure of time, material or 
labor, and never did he make the mistake 
of regarding his employees merely as 
parts of a great machine, but recognized 



their individuality, making it a rule that 
faithful and efficient service should be 
promptly rewarded with promotion as op- 
portunity afforded. He was one of the 
stockholders and junior partners of the 
Carnegie Company. 

In all concerns relative to the city's 
welfare Mr. Taylor's interest is deep and 
sincere, and wherever substantial aid will 
further public progress it is freely given. 
No good work done in the name of char- 
ity or religion seeks his co-operation in 
vain, and he brings to bear in his work 
of this character the same discrimination 
and thoroughness which are manifested 
in his business life. He is a director of 
the Kingsley House Association, in the 
aims and management of which he is 
deeply interested. This is one of the most 
beneficent settlement organizations in 
Pittsburgh, and for it he has erected and 
endowed a fresh air summer home known 
as the Lillian Home, at Valencia, Penn- 
sylvania, deeding to the association the 
property of ninety acres and all buildings 
thereon. This home has given a helpful 
vacation of two weeks each to more than 
two thousand poor mothers and children 
from the congested quarters of the city 
during the hot months of each year, and 
in addition to its founding and endow- 
ment Mr. Taylor has erected there during 
the past year a modern fire-proof build- 
ing known as "Convalescent Rest," with 
a capacity of from sixty to seventy pa- 
tients. For the construction and furnish- 
ing of this building Mr. Taylor has con- 
tributed the sum of $100,000, and its most 
benevolent object is to give to the needy 
and unfortunate women and children of 
Greater Pitsburgh rest, fresh air, pure 
food, and a healthful environment during 
the period of convalescence. 

In 1901, owing to impaired health, Mr. 
Taylor retired from active participation 
in the manufacturing affairs of the Car- 
negie Company, leaving a record which 
includes the last quarter of the nineteenth 



535 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



century during which was perfected a 
steel product to meet the immense de- 
mands of the present day. His familiar- 
ity with the chemistry and metallurgy of 
steel and his grasp of all the mechanical 
details of manufacture enabled him to be 
among the first to successfully turn out 
a steel suitable for structural, plate, pipe 
and sheet purposes. In his enterprise also 
originated the work of adapting steel to 
the requirements of steel car construction 
— an innovation which has contributed to 
the saving of thousands of human lives 
and millions of dollars of property. 

It was while Mr. Taylor was superin- 
tendent of the Homestead Works of the 
Carnegie Steel Company that, in advance 
of all others, he conceived the idea of 
steel cars. As from the beginnings of in- 
vention, like all other men of advanced 
ideas, who saw farther into the future 
than their fellows, Mr. Taylor was scoffed 
at, ridiculed and discouraged. However, 
he persisted in his work, with the result 
that construction was begun, the first be- 
ing for the transportation of mine prod- 
ucts (coke, coal, iron ore) and other 
heavy freight only, and out of which was 
developed the steel passenger car, of such 
great humanitarian value that at the pres- 
ent time, throughout the entire country, 
the people are demanding legislation to 
compel railroads to use only steel cars for 
passenger service, to the avoidance of 
great loss of life and limb inevitable in 
the crushing and burning of wooden cars 
in time of wreck. The value attaching to 
Mr. Taylor's work in the inception of 
these great improvements was fittingly 
recognized by "The American Engineer 
and Railroad Journal" in its issue of 
May, 1903: 

A complete record of steel car construction in 
this country would be valuable and interesting. 
Its value would be greatest in showing that some 
of the earliest designers in this field worked out 
ideas the importance of which is only now ad- 
mitted or recognized. The credit belongs to Mr. 



536 



Charles L. Taylor. ... In 1894 the first step 
in the large scale of development of the steel 
car was taken. It was not taken by a railroad, 
but by a steel company, and since that time the 
use of steel in this construction has increased 
with marvelous rapidity. ... It is difficult 
to believe that well known high officials of our 
railroads only eight years ago ridiculed and dis- 
couraged the introduction of steel in this direc- 
tion, but this is true. Only six years ago, rail- 
road men considered the steel car movement 
merely a selfish effort of the steel company to 
find another market for their product of steel 
plates. . . . The exhibits of these cars by 
the Carnegie Company at the Saratoga Conven- 
tion in 1896 elicited the interest not only of car 
builders but of operating officers throughout the 
country, the claims for the car being : Lightness, 
durability and strength ; greater proportion of 
live to dead weight; longer life; reduced cost of 
maintenance; less liability to damage and greater 
salvage value. Experience has verified these 
claims, and the present state of the steel car in- 
dustry is proof of the sagacity of the pioneers. 

To Mr. Taylor belongs the exception- 
ally honorable distinction of having been 
made the custodian and manager of two 
great funds amounting to $9,000,000, the 
interest of which is wholly set apart for 
benevolent purposes. One of these funds 
consisted of the $4,000,000 given by An- 
drew Carnegie to pension and relieve in- 
jured workmen of the Carnegie Mills, the 
remaining $5,000,000 being devoted to re- 
warding heroes and heroines of the 
United States and Canada. Mr. Taylor 
is president of the Carnegie Hero Fund 
Commission, and has also served as chair- 
man of the Carnegie Relief Fund from 
its inception in 1901 until 191 1, when it 
was merged into and became the nucleus 
of the United States Steel and Carnegie 
Pension Fund, a fund of $12,000,000, of 
which he is now vice-chairman. In his 
appointment to these positions there was 
a peculiar fitness, he having while at the 
Homestead Works been the victim of an 
accident which threatened his life. His 
task in connection with these two great 
funds is more difficult than would be 
readily imagined, and his selection for 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



this noble and responsible work was 
based entirely upon the splendid service 
which he rendered to the Carnegie Com- 
pany for many years, during which time 
he was under the direct notice of the 
great steel master. 

In addition to performing the strenu- 
ous duties devolving upon him in these 
most important and responsible positions, 
Mr. Taylor serves as vice-president and 
trustee of the Western Pennsylvania In- 
stitute for the Blind, secretary of the Car- 
negie Veteran Association, and a trustee 
of the Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh, 
the Carnegie Institute of Pittsburgh, the 
Carnegie Institute of Technology, the 
Carnegie Endowment for International 
Peace, the Carnegie Corporation of New 
York, the estate of Judge Asa Packer, and 
Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsyl- 
vania, being also chairman of the finance 
committee of this institution. Over and 
above all these, he is interested in many 
other corporations and benevolent insti- 
tutions. He belongs to the Duquesne, 
University and Athletic clubs of Pitts- 
burgh, the Union League of Philadelphia 
and the Santa Barbara Country Club of 
California, and is a member of the Shady 
Side Presbyterian Church, serving as sec- 
retary of its board of trustees. In Feb- 
ruary, 1913, Mr. Taylor presented to Le- 
high University, his alma mater, a mod- 
ern gymnasium costing $100,000. It oc- 
cupies a site on the present athletic field, 
and the grand stand to be erected in con- 
nection with the stadium will seat eleven 
thousand persons. 

The personality of Mr. Taylor is that 
of a man of deep convictions, extraordi- 
nary force and an unusual degree of mag- 
netism. Those who are familiar with his 
fine personal appearance cannot fail to 
observe how well it illustrates his char- 
acter. His strong face, framed in silvery 
hair and accentuated by a snow-white 
moustache, is lighted by a pair of keen, 
searching eyes and on every feature en- 



ergy, determination and fidelity are 
deeply written. At the same time his 
countenance is indicative of the genial 
nature and kindly disposition which have 
surrounded him with friends and his 
whole bearing shows him to be what he 
is — a keen, aggressive man and a polished 
gentleman. 

Mr. Taylor married, October 31, 1883, 
Lillian, daughter of the late Robert and 
Elizabeth (Riggs) Pitcairn, of Pitts- 
burgh, and they are the parents of one 
daughter: Lillian, wife of Russell L. Mc- 
intosh, of Westfield, New Jersey. Mr. 
and Mrs. Taylor have a residence in the 
East End of Pittsburgh and a charming 
summer home at Santa Barbara, Cali- 
fornia. 

The story of Charles L. Taylor's con- 
nection with the steel industry is a story 
of honor. It is the record of the career 
of a high-minded man of affairs who has 
been "faithful in all things." 



MONTGOMERY, Thomas Lynch, 
Iiibrarian, State Iiibrary. 

Thomas Lynch Montgomery, librarian 
of the Pennsylvania State Library, Har- 
risburg, was born in Germantown, Penn- 
sylvania, March 4, 1862, son of Oswald 
Crathorne and Catherine Gertrude 
(Lynch) Montgomery. 

The direct line of the Montgomerys 
proceeds from Roger de Montgomerie, 
who was Count of Montgomerie before 
the coming of Rollo in 912, among the 
most remarkable descendants of whom 
were Hugh de Montgomerie, and Roger 
de Montgomerie, subsequently Earl of 
Shrewsbury, Arundel and Chichester, 
England, accompanying William the 
Conqueror. Hugh de Montgomerie was 
killed in a battle with the Norwegians, 
and Sir John de Montgomerie, of Eagle- 
sham and Eastwood and afterwards of 
Eglinton and Ardrossan, greatly distin- 



537 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



guished himself in the battle of Otter- 
burne. 

The Montgomerys were Earls of Eg- 
linton until Hugh, the fifth Earl, being 
childless, made a resignation of his earl- 
dom to the prejudice of his cousin, Sir 
Neil Montgomerie, of Lainshaw, who was 
the heir male. The Earl died in 1612, 
when his cousin. Sir Alexander Seton, 
agreeably to this new grant, assumed the 
name and arms of Montgomerie and the 
title of the Earl of Eglinton. 

William Montgomery was the first of 
the regular line of Montgomerys to come 
to America, and settled in Monmouth 
county. New Jersey. Robert Montgom- 
ery was the head of the thirty-first gen- 
eration of Montgomerys, and it was 
from his brother John that Thomas L. 
Montgomery descended. 

Thomas Lynch Montgomery graduated 
from the University of Pennsylvania in 
1884, with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. 
His entire life career has been devoted to 
library work and the preservation of his- 
torical and antiquarian memorabilia and 
records. In 1886 he became actuary and 
librarian of the Wagner Free Institute of 
Science. He was founder of the Penn- 
sylvania Library Club in 1890, and in 
1892 established the first branch of the 
Philadelphia Free Library, and since 1894 
has been one of its trustees and chairman 
of the library committee. In February, 
1903, he was appointed to his present po- 
sition of State Librarian. He is secre- 
tary of Pennsylvania Free Library Com- 
mission ; commissioner for the Preserva- 
tion of Historical Archives of Pennsyl- 
vania ; editor of "Pennsylvania Archives," 
series 5 and 6; a charter member of the 
Keystone Library Association ; member 
of the Philadelphia Academy of Natural 
Sciences, American Historical Associa- 
tion, and Philobiblion Club ; life member 
of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania ; 
A. L. A. and Spring Garden Institute; 
honorary member of the Dauphin County 



Historical Society; Wyoming Historical 
and Geological Society; member of coun- 
cil of Swedish Colonial Society; and of 
the Harrisburg Club, Harrisburg; and 
University Club, Philadelphia. He is a 
Republican in politics. His home is in 
Philadelphia, 904 Clinton street; and his 
offices are in the State Library, Harris- 
burg. 

Mr. Montgomery married, October 16, 
1889, Brinca Gilpin, of Philadelphia. 



SIMON, Herman, 

Iieading Silk Mannf actnrer, Humamitarian. 

Herman Simon, late of Easton, Penn- 
sylvania, was known throughout the mer- 
cantile world as the founder and proprie- 
tor of one of the largest silk manufacto- 
ries in existence, and one of the leading 
industries of the state. 

Mr. Simon was born April 29, 1850, at 
Frankfort-on-the-Main, Germany. His 
father, Robert Simon, spent his early 
years in Holland, and, being a tobacco 
expert, took up his residence in the city 
in which his son was born, in 1849, one 
of the largest comercial centers of the 
German Empire. He was a man of ster- 
ling character and large business ability 
and amassed ample means. He married 
Marie Broell, a native of Frankfort-on- 
the-Main, and they became the parents 
of two sons, Herman and Robert, both of 
whom were born on the family estate. 
Mr. Simon died in 1888, and his wife died 
October 29, 1909, aged eighty-five years. 

Herman, elder of the two sons of Rob- 
ert and Marie (Broell) Simon, received 
his education in Hassel's Institute, Frank- 
fort, and was a graduate of the Royal 
Weaving School at Mulheim-on-the- 
Rhine, and acquired a thorough knowl- 
edge of silk manufacturing and every- 
thing pertaining to it in Italy, France, 
Switzerland, and Germany. He inherited 
the business tastes and abilities of his 
father, from whom he also received some- 



538 




/^^^^^^^"i-«-^^<-'Xl<.<,^ 




ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



what of the inspiration which led him 
into fortune's highway. The elder Simon 
was too well established to think of re- 
moval to a strange land, but he was a 
close observer of events, and he was so 
much in sympathy with American ideas 
and had such strong faith in the stability 
of the United States government, that in 
the early days of the Civil War, when 
that government was seeking means for 
the maintenance of its army and navy, 
he invested a considerable portion of his 
means in its bonds. 

In 1868, at the age of eighteen, Her- 
man Simon came to the United States, 
landing in Baltimore, Maryland, whence 
he came to New York City. There he 
entered the silk department of the whole- 
sale store of A. T. Stewart & Company, 
then the leading merchant of the metrop- 
olis, in order to familiarize himself with 
the wants of the public with reference to 
silken fabrics. His salary at first was 
$350 per annum, but he soon proved him- 
self to be worthy of a more responsible 
post. He worked for a while at Pater- 
son, New Jersey, and later became super- 
intendent of Benkhardt & Hutton's mill 
at West Hoboken, New Jersey. His 
brother Robert came two years after- 
wards, and the two rented a couple of 
rooms and began the manufacture of silk 
upon a small scale. This was a period 
of unremitting industry, activity and en- 
terprise. The brothers labored constantly 
with their own hands, not only every day 
but nearly every night, and often until 
nearly daybreak. Their efforts found 
abundant reward. Having learned the 
public taste, and turning out no goods 
but of exceptional quality, their trade de- 
veloped rapidly, and they were enabled 
to extend their operations into a broader 
field, and in 1874, with some aid afforded 
them by their father, they established the 
large silk mills at Union Hill, New Jer- 
sey, under the name of R. & H. Simon, 
erecting a three-story factory, in which 



seventy power looms were installed. The 
latter were the invention of Robert Si- 
mon, who, with his brother's aid, built 
and placed them in commission, and were 
the first in the world to produce a per- 
fect piece of grosgrain silk. Three thou- 
sand spindles were also installed, as the 
brothers decided to do their own throw- 
ing from the start. At that period hand 
looms were still in use, and they handled 
the product of one hundred and sixty- 
five of these, which were operated in 
weavers' homes. They furnished employ- 
ment to more than one thousand opera- 
tives. 

In 1883 Herman Simon came to Easton, 
where he founded the large silk mills 
with which his name was indissolubly 
connected, and which developed into one 
of the most important manufacturing 
institutions of the city, and one of 
the largest of its class in the world. 
Every improvement in machinery and 
method was brought into use as soon as 
its utility was demonstrated, and three 
thousand operatives were kept employed. 
The product of the mill was of the finer 
grades of silk and of the first quality, and 
was favorably known in every market 
reached by American commerce. A dis- 
tributing office was maintained at No. 254 
Fourth Avenue, New York City, and the 
goods marketed included all kinds of 
silks, velvets, ribbons and tile fabrics, 
plushes, etc. 

Robert Simon, the younger of the 
brothers, died in July, 1901, deeply re- 
gretted by all who were brought into in- 
tercourse with him. The brothers were 
associated in business for twenty-seven 
years, and the death of the younger part- 
ner was a severe blow to the one who was 
left behind. After that time the entire 
conduct of the business devolved upon 
Herman Simon, who became the owner 
of the two great plants, but he continued 
to do business under the name of R. & H. 
Simon, as a tribute to his brother's mem- 



539 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ory. He was known as a technical expert 
in silk. He maintained a laboratory in 
his private office at Union Hill, where he 
did most of his own testing, besides per- 
forming many useful and interesting ex- 
periments. In 1882 he joined with sev- 
eral others in incorporating the New 
York Silk Conditioning Works. He was 
also instrumental in starting several silk 
throwing plants, and he served for many 
years on the board of managers of the 
Silk Association of America. In all its 
large and diversified afifairs he followed 
the same thorough course in which he 
set out, keeping in close touch with his 
agents and employees, and an intimate ac- 
quaintance with trade conditions through- 
out the world. His relations with those 
who were in his employ were peculiarly 
cordial, and he enjoyed their confidence 
and esteem in the highest degree, while 
the business community looked upon him 
as one of their most thoroughly repre- 
sentative members, and one of the most 
useful residents of the city in all that 
pertained to its commercial and social life. 
Mr. Simon was a member of various 
leading social organizations, the Pomfret 
Club of Easton, the Art Club and the 
German Club, both of New York City, 
and the German Club of Hoboken, New 
Jersey. In religion, he was reared in the 
German Reformed church, but was an at- 
tendant of the Protestant Episcopal 
church. Of kindly and sympathetic dis- 
position, his benefactions to benevolent 
institutions and to deserving individuals 
were many and generous, but he was so 
devoid of ostentation that his good deeds 
were unspoken of save by the recipients 
of his bounty. He was a man of wide in- 
formation, traveled much, in Europe as 
well as the United States, and his beauti- 
ful residence in Easton he adorned with 
costly furniture and art treasures, which 
he at various times brought with him 
from abroad. He was widely known as 
an art connoisseur, and owned a collec- 



tion of paintings and other art objects, 
in the selection of which excellent taste 
was displayed. 

He owned sixty acres of land at Easton 
which, with the exception of the nine 
acres used for manufacturing purposes, is 
devoted to farming. He was fond of out- 
door life, and was keenly interested in 
the horses, cattle and other live stock that 
he bred on his estate. During his thirty- 
nine years of business life he made it his 
personal care to give every possible com- 
fort to his employees. Their welfare he 
considered one of the important parts of 
his daily supervision of his large business. 
The legal bounds were too narrow to 
suit him, and he went to considerable ex- 
pense in placing improvements in his fac- 
tories that tended to lighten the labor of 
those he employed. 

Mr. Simon died September 26, 1913, at 
Easton, in his office in his mill. Possibly 
if it had been left to him to select the 
spot where he was to draw his last 
breath, he would have chosen this one — 
the office he loved, where he directed his 
affairs, where the swirl of the looms came 
faintly to his ears, where he was provid- 
ing employment and livelihood for thou- 
sands here and elsewhere. It was an end 
he would have planned — his family, his 
near friends about him in the room where 
he had thought out so many of the bril- 
liant business successes which had char- 
acterized his management of the mills. 

Mr. Simon is survived by his wife, and 
daughter, Mrs. William O. Bixler, and 
two grandchildren; also by his sister, 
Mrs. Emilie Ebert, wife of George Ebert, 
of Frankfort-on-the-Main, Germany. 



WHITEHEAD, Rt. Rev. Cortlandt, 

Prominent Divine, Author. 

The record of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the United States is a story of 
honor. Deriving its origin from the 
Church of England, which was planted 



S40 




/ 



V 



/ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



on these shores at an early period in our 
colonial history, its work, during that 
formative era, was fruitful in the spirit- 
ual upbuilding of the diflferent provinces, 
and its part during the struggle for inde- 
pendence was a glorious one, the patriot 
party, including its most distinguished 
leaders, being largely recruited from its 
membership. The Protestant Episcopal 
Church of the present day is showing 
herself worthy of her noble past, repre- 
sented as she is by such men as the 
Right Rev. Cortlandt Whitehead, Bishop 
of Pittsburgh, a man who, by voice and 
pen and most of all by daily example, 
has aided in the maintenance of her hon- 
orable traditions. 

Cortlandt Whitehead was born Octo- 
ber 30, 1842, in the city of New York, 
son of William Adee and Margaret E. 
(Parker) Whitehead. The boy received 
his early education from private tutors 
and was prepared for college at Phillips 
Academy, Andover, graduating from that 
institution in 1859. He then entered Yale 
University, being of the class of 1863, 
and receiving the degree of Bachelor of 
Arts, that of Master of Arts being con- 
ferred upon him by his alma mater in 
1866. Mr. Whitehead then entered 
Philadelphia Divinity School, completing 
his theological studies in 1867. The same 
year he was ordained deacon by Bishop 
Odenheimer, and in 1868 received priest's 
orders from the hands of Bishop Randall. 

From 1867 to 1870 the young clergy- 
man labored as a missionary in Colorado, 
and in the latter year became rector of 
the Church of the Nativity at South 
Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. After eleven 
years of strenuous and fruitful activity in 
that field he was elected Bishop of Pitts- 
burgh, being consecrated, in 1882, by 
Bishops Stevens, Bedell, M. A. DeW. 
Howe, Scarborough, Peterkin and Hell- 
muth, the last-named of Huron, Canada. 
During the third of a century which has 
elapsed since Bishop Whitehead's induc- 



tion into his high office the diocese has 
enjoyed a period of steady growth and 
prosperity both in spiritual matters and 
in temporal affairs. 

The contributions of Bishop White- 
head to the literature of the church in- 
clude a Catechism on the Church Year 
and various sermons, addresses and mis- 
sionary reports and papers, also "Coxe's 
Thoughts on the Services Revised." In 
1880 the degree of Doctor of Divinity 
was conferred upon him by Union Col- 
lege, in 1887 by Hobart College, in 1890 
he received from St. Stephens' College 
the degree of Doctor of Sacred Theology, 
and from the University of Pittsburgh in 
1912 the degree of Doctor of Laws. 

Bishop Whitehead has been honored 
by his church in his appointment on com- 
missions composed of bishops, clergy- 
men and laymen, to take under considera- 
tion various matters of importance. He 
has served on the commission for the Re- 
vision of the Scriptures ; on the commis- 
sion for the Revision of the Prayer Book ; 
on the commission for the Revision of the 
Hymnal ; he is also a member of the 
committee on the Care of the American 
Churches in Europe. And he is presi- 
dent of a large commission engaged in 
raising five million dollars as a pension 
fund for aged, infirm and disabled clergy- 
men, their widows and minor children. 
As a testimonial to his diligence, his dio- 
cese, which originally was composed of 
all the counties of Pennsylvania west of 
the Allegheny Mountains, was in 1910 
divided, and both parts are showing in- 
creased vitality. Bishop Whitehead re- 
tains the lower half, called the "Diocese 
of Pittsburgh." The upper half, called 
the "Diocese of Erie," is presided over by 
the Rt. Rev. Rogers Israel. In the Dio- 
cese of Pittsburgh above one thousand 
candidates are confirmed each year. 
There are over fifteen thousand commu- 
nicants, which would indicate a member- 
ship of over forty-five thousand people. 



541 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



As a preacher Bishop Whitehead is 
polished, forceful and persuasive; as a 
pastor, he is active, earnest and beloved. 
His noble head and strong, resolute coun- 
tenance, framed in snow-white hair and 
beard, are those of a man of deeply im- 
bedded convictions as to right and duty, 
as true to such convictions as is the mag- 
netic needle to the star of the north, 
while his dark, penetrating eyes have a 
glint of kindly humor which wins all who 
approach him. "All sorts and conditions 
of men" feel his influence as a man of 
broad views, large faith and a great heart. 

Bishop Whitehead married, July 29, 
1868, Charlotte B., daughter of John C. 
and Mary (Luke)) King, of Roxbury, 
Massachusetts, finding in this union a 
lovable and noble-minded woman and a 
true and sympathizing helpmate. Bishop 
and Mrs. Whitehead, fond as they are of 
visiting the historic scenes of the Old 
World and the places of beauty and in- 
terest in our own land, are strongly do- 
mestic in their tastes, and their charm- 
ingly appointed home in the East End, 
rich in all that proclaims it the abode of 
culture and refinement, is the spot dear- 
est to them on earth. 

Bishop Whitehead's work, wise, ener- 
getic and enlightened, together with the 
influence exerted by his strong, benefi- 
cent personality, has been blessed to his 
diocese, and it is the wish of all his fel- 
low-citizens, irrespective of race or creed, 
that he may celebrate among them his 
Golden Jubilee. 



MASON, Henry Lee, 

Business Man, Public-spirited Citizen. 

The supremacy of Pittsburgh among 
the cities of the world is based upon her 
superior brain-power, and among the men 
who during the last half-century helped 
to inspire the practical thinkers of the 
Iron City was the late Henry Lee Mason, 
for forty years sole proprietor of the fin- 



est book-store to be found within the lim- 
its of Pittsburgh. Mr. Mason, through- 
out the course of a long and useful life, 
was inseparably associated with every 
vital and worthy interest of the city 
which was his birthplace and always re- 
mained his home. 

Henry Lee Mason was born March i, 
1838, in Pittsburgh, son of Washington 
and Sarah Ann (Weldin) Mason, the 
former a steamboat-builder and one of 
the prominent business men of his day. 
The boy was educated in public and pri- 
vate schools, and when the time came for 
him to enter upon the active duties of 
life began his business career in the book- 
store established by his uncle, J. R. Wel- 
din, on Wood street, March 2, 1852. Here 
Mr. Mason served his apprenticeship, 
thoroughly learning every detail of the 
business and rising step by step, by dint 
of executive ability joined to an indom- 
itable will and an integrity unmarred by 
the slightest blemish. He became, event- 
ually, half owner of the business, and 
upon the death of Mr. Weldin, in 1872, 
purchased the remainder, thus succeed- 
ing to the position of sole proprietor. 
Mr. Mason's motive in the conduct of this 
business was not, primarily at least, pe- 
cuniary profit. The concern was a family 
inheritance and it was his just pride, in 
enlarging its scope, to maintain it in ac- 
cordance with the high standards of ex- 
cellence and honorable dealing with 
which from its inception it had been in- 
separably associated. 

In the business career of Mr. Mason, 
capable management, unfaltering enter- 
prise and a spirit of justice were well 
balanced factors, while the establish- 
ment, in all its departments, was care- 
fully systematized in order to avoid need- 
less expenditure of time, material and 
labor. Never did he make the mistake of 
regarding his employees merely as parts 
of a great machine, but recognized their 
individuality, making it a rule that faith- 



542 




-^C-^ 



y^^Zj^<!n 



^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ful and efficient service should be 
promptly rewarded with promotion as op- 
portunity offered. On the other hand, 
he demanded from his subordinates the 
same intense and unremitting devotion to 
duty which was one of his dominant char- 
acteristics, and seldom did they fail to 
meet his expectations, giving him, with- 
out stint, their most loyal service. He 
was always aggressive in his methods, 
quick to see an emergency and equally 
quick in devising a plan to meet it. 

In all concerns relative to the city's 
welfare Mr. Mason's interest was deep 
and sincere, and wherever substantial aid 
would further public progress it was 
freely given. In politics he was a Repub- 
lican, and for many years served on va- 
rious public school boards. While never 
consenting to hold any other office, he 
gave loyal support to measures calculated 
to benefit the city and promote its rapid 
and substantial development, and as a 
vigilant and attentive observer of men 
and measures, holding sound opinions and 
taking liberal views, his ideas carried 
weight among those with whom he dis- 
cussed public problems. No good work 
done in the name of charity or religion 
sought his co-operation in vain, and in 
his work of this character he brought to 
bear the same discrimination and thor- 
oughness that were manifest in his busi- 
ness life. He was a trustee of St. Mar- 
garet's Memorial Hospital, the Western 
Pennsylvania Humane Society and the 
Pittsburgh Free Dispensary. For forty- 
nine years he served as vestryman of 
Trinity Protestant Episcopal Church, and 
at the time of his death was junior war- 
den. 

The personality of Mr. Alason was that 
of the American citizen whose interests 
are broad and whose labors are a mani- 
festation of a recognition of the responsi- 
bilities of wealth as well as of ability in 
the successful control of commercial af- 
fairs. Desiring success and rejoicing in 



the benefits and opportunities which 
wealth brings, he was too broad-minded 
a man to rate it above its true value, and 
in all his enterprises found that enjoy- 
ment which comes in mastering a situa- 
tion, the joy of doing what he undertook. 
Whatever this might be, to it he gave his 
whole soul, allowing none of the many in- 
terests intrusted to his care to suffer for 
want of close and able attention and in- 
dustry. His countenance was expressive 
of his sterling qualities of manhood and 
also indicated a genial nature which rec- 
ognized and appreciated the good in 
others and surrounded him with a large 
circle of warmly attached and loyal 
friends. 

Mr. Mason married, October 9, 1862, 
Myra Jane, daughter of John Y. and An- 
nie Myra (Hardwick) McLaughlin, and 
they became the parents of four children : 
Weldin Swope, died December 24, 1890; 
Henry Lee; Myra Edith, died in infancy; 
Helen Bowman, who became the wife of 
George Reed. Mrs. Mason, a woman of 
rare wifely qualities, was in all respects 
an ideal helpmeet to her noble husband, 
sympathizing with his aspirations, shar- 
ing his tastes and making his home a 
refuge from the storm and stress of busi- 
ness. Mr. Mason was a man to whom 
the ties of family and friendship were 
sacred and his residence in the East End 
was a center of hospitality, presided over 
by one of the city's most tactful and gra- 
cious hostesses. Mrs. Mason has con- 
tinued during her widowhood the benevo- 
lent and religious work in which she and 
her husband were so long united. 

At the time of his death, which oc- 
curred March 14, 1912, Mr. Mason had 
been for sixty years numbered among the 
business men of his native city and in 
losing him Pittsburgh was deprived of 
one whose career had in it the essential 
principles of a true life. Beloved by his 
employees, honored and respected by his 
business associates, his every transaction 



543 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



was conducted in accordance with 
the highest principles, he fulfilled to the 
letter every trust committed to him and 
was generous in his feelings and conduct 
toward all. There are men who, what- 
ever be their station and calling, ennoble 
life. Henry Lee Mason was one of these. 
An able business man, a public-spirited 
citizen, a leader in church enterprises and 
highly placed socially, his full and well- 
rounded life was a living epistle, "known 
and read of all men." 



PHILIPS, George Morris. 

Prominent Educator. 

George Morris Philips, A.M., Ph.D., 
principal of the West Chester State Nor- 
mal School, widely known as an educa- 
tor of the highest capability, is of Welsh 
descent. His earliest ancestor bf the 
same name in America was Joseph Phil- 
ips, born in Pembrokeshire, Wales, in 
1716, a weaver and a farmer, who emi- 
grated in 1755 and settled near Lion- 
ville, Chester county, Pennsylvania. He 
was a Baptist, and was instrumental in 
founding Vincent Baptist church, near 
Chester Springs, in the vicinity of his 
new home. He brought with him to 
America his wife Mary, who was born in 
Wales in 1710, and whom he married 
about 1 741. Husband and wife both died 
in 1792, the former May 18, and the lat- 
ter December 26, and their remains lie 
in the Vincent churchyard. Their sec- 
ond son: 

John Philips was born in Pembroke- 
shire, Wales, about 1745, and died at 
Black Bear Tavern, near Paoli, Pennsyl- 
vania, May 22, 1790, and was buried near 
his parents. He and two of his brothers 
served in the American army during the 
Revolutionary War. He was first lieu- 
tenant in the Chester County Battalion, 
was captured, and was one of those who 
endured dreadful suffering on the British 
prison ship "Jersey," in the New York 



harbor. He served through the war and 
rose to the rank of captain. He mar- 
ried Margaret Davis. Their eldest son: 

George Philips was born at Black Bear 
Tavern, January 29, 1774, but in early 
manhood moved to West Fallowfield 
township, Chester county, where the rest 
of his life was spent. He was owner of 
a tavern at Spring Grove, half a mile 
south of the present Atglen, on the Gap 
and Newport turnpike, and a farmer, and 
was a man of wealth for his time. He 
was a deacon in the Glen Run Baptist 
church. He married Elizabeth Morris, 
who was born July 30, 1782, and died 
November 25, 1853. Her husband died 
April 20, 1859, and they were buried side 
by side at the old Glen Run Baptist 
church. 

John Morris Philips, son of George 
and Elizabeth (Morris) Philips, was born 
on the paternal farm in West Fallowfield 
township, Chester county. May 8, 1812, 
and died on his farm adjoining Atglen 
on the east, July 21, 1879. He was a 
farmer throughout his life, and accumu- 
lated considerable property. His educa- 
tion was modest, but he was a man of 
intelligence and strong character; he was 
influential in the community, and was 
called to various local offices. He was a 
trustee and deacon in the Baptist church. 
He married Sarah Jones, who was born 
July 28, 1819, in East Whiteland town- 
ship, Chester county, and who died in 
Christiana, Pennsylvania, July 19, 1902. 
She was a woman of excellent mind, lib- 
erally educated, and of the highest Chris- 
tian character, a Baptist in religion, and 
held in affection for her great kindness 
in words and deeds. Her parents were 
Judge Thomas and Eliza (Todd) Jones. 
Her father was a farmer and merchant, 
and was for two terms associate judge of 
Chester county. He was a great-grand- 
son of Thomas Jones, who emigrated 
from Wales in 1729, and who preached 
for many years in the Tulpehocken Bap- 



544 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tist church, in Berks county, Pennsyl- 
vania. Another great-grandfather was 
Griffith John (Jones), who came from 
Wales in 1712, settled near the Great 
Valley Baptist Church, in Chester coun- 
ty, Pennsylvania, where he is buried. 
The wife of Judge Jones was Eliza Todd, 
born December 20, 1793, and died Jan- 
uary 14, 1862 ; she was a great-grand- 
daughter of Robert Todd (Scotch-Irish), 
who emigrated from the north of Ireland 
to Montgomery county, Pennsylvania, 
about 1737, and was the ancestor of the 
Todd family of which the wife of Presi- 
dent Lincoln was a member. 

George Morris Philips, son of John 
Morris and Sarah (Jones) Philips, was 
born in Atglen (then called Pennington- 
ville), Chester county, Pennsylvania, in 
1851. He began his education in the 
neighborhood schools and prepared for 
college at the Atglen High School, an 
academy conducted by Professor William 
E. Buck. He entered Lewisburg (now 
Bucknell) University in 1867, and was 
graduated in the classical course in 1871 ; 
in 1884 he received the degree of Doctor 
of Philosophy from the same institution. 
Immediately after his graduation, Pro- 
fessor Philips was called to the profes- 
sorship of mathematics in Monongahela 
College, at Jefferson, Pennsylvania, and 
occupied that position until early in 1873, 
when he was appointed professor of 
higher mathematics in the West Chester 
Normal School. In 1878 he resigned to 
become professor of mathematics and 
philosophy in Bucknell University, and 
he served as such until 1881, when he 
succeeded Professor Maris as principal 
of the State Normal School at West 
Chester, a position which he has adorned 
from that time to the present. 

The excellent instructional capabilities 
of Dr. Philips and his fine managerial 
ability are amply attested by the phe- 
nomenal success of the institution while 
under his control. During the thirty- 



two years of his principalship, the num- 
ber of students in the normal school has 
been increased from 240 to 1103 in 1913, 
and its graduates and students who have 
passed out into honorable stations in life 
are numbered by thousands, a very large 
percentage of whom have entered upon 
the work of teaching in various schools 
of all grades and throughout the entire 
country. These have left their alma 
mater not only with ample educational 
acquirements, but they have borne in 
marked degree the impress of the per- 
sonality of him who superintended their 
instruction, and who ever made it his 
effort to develop the individual power of 
his pupils and not merely to afford them 
the knowledge acquirable from text- 
books and oral instruction. That his 
heart and soul are of a verity devoted to 
his school has found various and ample 
attestation in his refusal to be drawn 
from its service. In the year of his ap- 
pointment to the principalship he de- 
clined a call to the headship of a sister 
institution, the Indiana (Pennsylvania) 
State Normal School. In 1888 he de- 
clined the presidency of Bucknell Uni- 
versity, and in 1890 he also declined Gov- 
ernor Beaver's proffer of the position of 
State Superintendent of Public Instruc- 
tion, while he has also set aside various 
other tempting calls to schools of assured 
standing and prominence. 

Dr. Philips has, however, at all times 
and in all ways, as he could without neg- 
lect of his school, given his zealous ef- 
fort to advancing general educational in- 
terests. In the capacity of institute in- 
structor and platform lecturer, upon edu- 
cational, literary and scientific topics. Dr. 
Philips has been in frequent request not 
only in Pennsylvania but in many other 
states, and his utterances have always 
commanded close attention and warm 
approval. He is even more widely 
known as an author, and his works on 
Astronomy, Natural Philosophy, Civil 



545 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Government, Arithmetic and the Geog- 
raphy of Pennsylvania (the first two in 
collaboration with President Isaac 
Sharpless, of Haverford College), have 
had a wide distribution. He was presi- 
dent of the State Teachers' Association 
of Pennsylvania in 1891, and vice-presi- 
dent of the National Educational Asso- 
ciation in 1894. He is a trustee of 
Bucknell University, a member of the 
Pennsylvania Baptist Educational Soci- 
ety, president of the Chester County 
Historical Society, and was a member of 
the College and University Council of 
Pennsylvania from 1895 to 191 1. 

In 1907 he was appointed by Governor 
Stuart a member of the State Commission 
to revise and codify the school laws of 
Pennsylvania. He served as a member 
of it and as its secretary for four years, 
until the new school became a law in 
191 1. He was appointed under it a mem- 
ber of the State Board of Education, and 
is still a member of this Board and was 
its first secretary. The degree of Doctor 
of Philosophy has been conferred upon 
him by Bucknell University, and the 
degree of Doctor of Laws by Temple 
University and by the University of 
Pennsylvania. 

Dr. Philips has ever borne a full share 
in local enterprises. He is a member of 
the board of managers of the Chester 
County Hospital, first vice-president of 
the Dime Savings Bank of Chester 
County, a director of the National Bank 
of Chester County. The only public 
office he has ever accepted was that of 
school director. He is a member of the 
Baptist church, in which he has occupied 
various official positions. His political 
affiliations have always been with the 
Republican party. He is a member of 
the Order of the Sons of the Revolution, 
deriving his title through the service of 
his lineal ancestor. Captain John Philips. 

Dr. Philips was married December 27, 
1877, in Highland township, Chester 



county, Pennsylvania, to Miss Elizabeth 
Marshall Pyle, a daughter of William H. 
and Anna (Taylor) Pyle. Both her par- 
ents were Quakers. Her father was a 
farmer and miller, a descendant of Robert 
Pyle, who emigrated from England in 
1683. Her mother was a descendant of 
Robert Taylor, also of English birth, and 
from whom the poet, Bayard Taylor, also 
descended. Mrs. Philips was educated 
at Darlington Seminary and at the Mil- 
lersville State Normal School, and she 
was teacher of instrumental music in the 
West Chester State Normal School at 
the time of her marriage. She is an ac- 
complished woman and a zealous and 
efficient worker in literary, temperance 
and social circles in the church and com- 
munity. Dr. and Mrs. Philips have two 
children : William Pyle Philips, born at 
West Chester, June 29, 1882, and Sara 
Elizabeth Philips, born at West Chester, 
February 16, 1887. William Pyle Phil- 
ips is a graduate of the West Chester 
State Normal School, of Haverford Col- 
lege, of Harvard University and of the 
Harvard Law School. He practised law 
in New York City for several years and 
was a member of the firm of Byrne & 
Cutcheon, but is now a member of the 
banking firm of J. and W. Seligman, of 
New York. Miss Sara Elizabeth Philips 
is a graduate of the West Chester State 
Normal School and of Vassar College. 



REID, Charltes H., 

Steel Manufacturer, Humanitarian. 

The lesson taught by the progress and 
achievement of Pittsburgh is so plain that 
"he who runs may read," and that many 
have profited by it is a proof of the in- 
herent wisdom of human nature. Among 
those who have had the clearness of vis- 
ion to perceive that the sign-post marked 
"Success" pointed ever to the "Workshop 
of the World" was the late Charles H. 
Reid, vice-president and treasurer of the 



546 




^S)AX)^.1)t.3\0v 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Zug Iron and Steel Company, and for 
many years a prominent figure in the 
manufacturing world. Mr. Reid was for 
a third of a century a valued resident of 
Pittsburgh and was closely identified with 
many of her most essential interests. 

Charles H. Reid was born September 
8, 1850, in Crestline, Ohio, son of John 
and Mary A. Reid. The boy received his 
early education in the schools of his na- 
tive place, later attending Oberlin Col- 
lege, and early in life came to the Pitts- 
burgh district, entering the service of the 
Zug Iron and Steel Company. From the 
very beginning he gave evidence of an 
untiring power of application, a clear in- 
telligence and the ability to meet and 
solve quickly those problems on the suc- 
cessful handling of which depends the 
fate of so many business enterprises. Ad- 
vancing step by step, he became thor- 
oughly familiar with every department 
and every detail and in the course of time 
was made secretary and treasurer of the 
company. A few years prior to his death 
he succeeded to the office of vice-presi- 
dent. 

The Zug Iron and Steel Company had 
its beginning in 1845, when the firm of 
Grafif, Lindsay & Company, of which 
Christopher Zug was a partner, purchased 
the Lippincott Iron Works, changing the 
name to the Sable Iron Works. About 
1854 the firm became Zug, Lindsay & 
Company and a year later they acquired 
the Pittsburgh Iron Works. After more 
than one reorganization the business was 
incorporated, in 1905, as the Zug Iron 
and Steel Company with an authorized 
capitalization of one million dollars. In 
producing iron for special work where 
steel and common iron fail to satisfy, the 
company has acquired an unrivaled repu- 
tation which extends to all parts of the 
United States and abroad. Much of its 
success during the last twenty years was 
due to the capable management, aggres- 
sive methods and unfaltering enterprise 



of }ilr. Reid. He caused the business to 
be carefully systematized in order that 
there might be no needless expenditure 
of time, material or labor and never did 
he make the serious mistake of regarding 
his employees merely as parts of a great 
machine. Requiring from them the strict 
attention to duty which was one of his 
own dominant characteristics, he yet rec- 
ognized their individuality, making it a 
rule that faithful and efficient service 
should be promptly rewarded with pro- 
motion as opportunity offered. He desired 
success and rejoiced in the benefits and 
opportunities which wealth brings, but 
he was too broad-minded a man to rate it 
above its true value and in all of his mam- 
moth undertakings he found that enjoy- 
ment which comes in mastering a situa- 
tion — the joy of doing what he undertook. 
At all times he stood as an able exponent 
of the spirit of the age in his effort to 
advance progress and improvement. Re- 
alizing that he would not pass this way 
again he made wise use of his opportuni- 
ties and his wealth, conforming his life 
to a high standard, so that his entire rec- 
ord was in harmony with the history of 
an ancestry honorable and distinguished. 
Seldom, indeed, is it that a man as ac- 
tive in business as was Mr. Reid takes 
the keen and helpful interest in civic af- 
fairs which he ever manifested, his name 
being associated with various projects of 
the utmost municipal concern. A Demo- 
crat in politics, he was never numbered 
among office-seekers, but as a vigilant and 
attentive observer of men and measures, 
holding sound opinions and taking liberal 
views, his ideas carried weight among 
those with whom he discussed public 
problems. He possessed a rapidity of 
judgment which enabled him, in the midst 
of incessant business activity, to give to 
the affairs of the community effort and 
counsel of genuine value and his pene- 
trating thought often added wisdom to 
public movements. No good work done 



547 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



in the name of charity or religion sought 
his co-operation in vain and in his work 
of this character he invariably brought to 
bear the same discrimination and thor- 
oughness that were manifest in his busi- 
ness life. He was a member of numerous 
social and fraternal organizations. His 
leading characteristics were indomitable 
perseverance, unusual capacity for judg- 
ing the motives and merits of men and 
integrity and loyalty to friends. He was 
a man whose self-reliance never failed 
him, and one who, while always willing 
to listen to and respect the opinions and 
theories of others, acted for himself and 
according to his own judgment when the 
time for action came. He possessed to 
a large degree that mysterious and mag- 
netic charm, which, intangible as the 
spirit of life itself, yet manifests itself 
with dynamic force in all human rela- 
tions, to differentiate its possessors from 
the commonplace. 

The countenance of Mr. Reid was ex- 
pressive of that inexhaustible energy and 
extraordinary tenacity of purpose which, 
in combination with stalwart integrity, 
constituted the foundation of his success- 
ful career. It also indicated a genial na- 
ture which recognized and appreciated the 
good in others and was ever ready with 
a helping hand and a word of cheer for 
all who needed to have their pathways 
made smoother. Broad in his views, 
buoyant in disposition, honest, sincere 
and self-reliant, he irradiated the ever- 
widening circle of his influence with the 
brightness of spirit that expressed the 
pure gold of character. Rich in those en- 
dearing qualities that win and hold 
friends he won a place that was all his 
own in the hearts of all who knew him. 

Mr. Reid married, October 23, 1879, 
Minnie O., daughter of John J. and 
Amanda Hay, and they were the parents 
of two sons and two daughters: Lula; 
Charles H., of Corona, Riverside county, 
California, where he owns a large lemon 



orchard; Harry W., and Eva A. Mrs. 
Reid is one of those rare women who 
combine with perfect womanliness and 
domesticity an unerring judgment, traits 
which were of value to her husband, with 
whom she was not alone a charming com- 
panion, but a confidante and adviser in 
his weighty affairs of business. A woman 
of grace, charm and tact, her position in 
Pittsburgh society is that of a leader, her 
daughter also being extremely popular so- 
cially, active as well in church work and 
in charitable enterprises. Mr. Reid, a 
man of exceptionally strong domestic 
tastes and affections, was devoted to the 
ties of family and friendship, regarding 
them as sacred obligations. He took gen- 
uine delight in rendering service to those 
near and dear to him and delighted to 
entertain his friends. He was one who 
made you feel at once that he took an in- 
terest in you, would do anything he could 
for your pleasure or your good. Keenly 
interested in the welfare of his employees, 
he organized a club among the old and 
trusted men of his company, which did 
much to promote harmony and efficiency 
among them, and, although he has left 
the scene of his earthly endeavors, this 
organization remains as a monument to 
the great success he accomplished for the 
company. 

The death of Mr. Reid, which occurred 
March 8, 1913, removed from Pittsburgh 
one who had worthily won and long held 
a high place in the respect and affection 
of his fellow-citizens. Devoted in his 
family relations, sincere and true in his 
friendships, honorable and generous in 
business, he was one of the men who 
constitute the bulwarks of every great 
city. 

Albeit not born within the limits of 
the metropolis Charles H. Reid was in 
spirit a true Pittsburgher, a doer and al- 
ways too busy to tell the world what he 
was doing, to talk about his achieve- 
ments. Incapable of self-laudation, he let 



548 




^-(^^^r^^T^t^ Cclz,ch^^ i^^(4uyc6L^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



his deeds speak for him. This they did 
with an eloquence not to be misunder- 
stood, and this they continue to do, for 
his works follow him. Would that the 
Iron City had more like him ! It could 
be truly said of this great-hearted man : 
"He added to the sum of human joy; and, 
were everyone to whom he did a loving 
kindness to bring a blossom to his grave, 
he would sleep beneath a wilderness of 
flowers." 



HAYDEN, Horace Edwin, 

Clergyman, Genealogist, Antiquarian. 

Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden, M.A., 
was born in Catonsville, Baltimore coun- 
ty, Maryland, February i8, 1837, mar- 
ried, at Point Pleasant, West Virginia, 
November 30, 1868, Kate Elizabeth 
Byers, daughter of John A. Byers and his 
wife Charlotte Mary Davis, of Hancock, 
Maryland. Mr. Hayden lived in Howard 
county, Maryland. He was educated at 
St. Timothy's Military Academy, Balti- 
more county, Maryland, and Kenyon 
College, Ohio, from which college he re- 
ceived his degree of M.A., and graduated 
from the Virginia Theological Seminary, 
1867. 

In 1859 he left college and engaged in 
teaching to finish his education, but 
when the Civil War began and his school 
was disturbed thereby, he entered the 
Confederate States army, enlisting for 
one year, June i, 1861, in the Howard 
County Cavalry, at Leesburg, that com- 
pany being composed of his own asso- 
ciates, splendidly equipped and trained. 
It was attached to the regiment of 
Colonel Angus McDonald until July 20, 
1861, when it became Company K of the 
First Virginia Regiment, under Colonel 
J. E. B. Stuart, Colonel Fitzhugh Lee, 
and Colonel William E. Jones, until in 
March, 1862, this regiment was reor- 
ganized, when with one-half his com- 
pany he aided in forming the First Mary- 



land Battalion of Cavalry, and reenlisted 
for two years from June i, 1862. He 
served in the field with his command 
until after the second battle of Manassas, 
August, 1862, when, having had some 
knowledge of medicine, he was placed in 
charge of the wounded of his command 
at Buckland, Virginia. In November he 
was relieved from this charge by the re- 
covery of his comrades, and returned to 
his company for the valley campaign. 
In the summer of 1863 Mr. Hayden was 
appointed hospital steward in the field 
and hospital, and ordered to Richmond, 
where the rest of his service was per- 
formed in active duty in the defences of 
that city. He was honorably discharged 
at the termination of his enlistment, 
July 6, 1864, but remained a volunteer 
in the Third Virginia Infantry until De- 
cember 31, 1864, when, finally discharged, 
he entered the Virginia Theological Sem- 
inary to prepare for ordination to the 
ministry of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church, having been for five years a can- 
didate for orders. After the abrupt end- 
ing of the war he remained at the semi- 
nary until his graduation. He was or- 
dained deacon by his cousin, Rt. Rev. 
John Johns, D.D., LL.D., June, 1867, and 
priest by Rt. Rev. F. M. Whittle, D.D., 
August, 1868. He was rector of Christ 
Church, Point Pleasant, diocese of Vir- 
ginia, from 1867 to 1873, and rector of 
St. John's Church, West Brownsville, 
diocese of Pittsburgh, 1873 to 1879. He 
became assistant minister to Rev. Henry 
L. Jones, S.T.D., rector of St. Stephen's 
Church, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, 
November i, 1879, which position he still 
holds after more than thirty-four years of 
service at Plymouth, Laurel Rim, Ashley 
and St. Clement's Church, Wilkes-Barre. 
He was one of the examining chaplains of 
his diocese for twenty-nine years, 1883- 
1912. 

Mr. Hayden has been much interested 
in American history and genealogy, hav- 



549 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ing published quite a number of titles, 
especially a work entitled "Virginia Gen- 
ealogies," which has brought him much 
reputation as a genealogist. He has 
been for some years a life member of the 
Wyoming Historical and Geological So- 
ciety, filling at this time the offices of 
corresponding secretary and librarian, 
historiographer and curator, and has 
since 1894 edited all its publications, in- 
cluding volumes 4 to 13 of the Proceed- 
ings of the Society ; he has also pub- 
lished "The Weitzel Family History" ; 
"The Pollock Memorial" ; and edited 
"The Remembrances of David Hayfield 
Conyngham, 1750-1834, of Revolutionary 
Times" ; also "The Genealogical and 
Family History of the Wyoming Valley, 
1906," etc., etc. He is a member of many 
historical, scientific, and other societies — 
the Historical Societies of Pennsylvania, 
Maryland, Virginia, Georgia, Kansas, 
Buffalo, etc., etc. ; the American and the 
Southern Historical Associations ; South- 
ern Historical Society, New England 
Historical and Genealogical Society, 
Maryland Academy of Science, Anthro- 
pological Society of Washington, D. C. ; 
the Numismatic Society of New York, 
Antiquarian and Numismatic Society of 
Philadelphia, etc., etc. He is also a 
member of the Delaware State Society 
of the Cincinnati, Pennsylvania Society 
Sons of the Revolution, Military Order 
of Foreign Wars, Naval Order of the 
United States, the Society of Colonial 
Wars, War of 1812, Society of the Army 
and Navy, C. S. A., in Maryland; Frank- 
lin Buchanan Camp United Confederate 
Veterans ; member of the Free Library 
Commission of Pennsylvania ; and many 
other organizations. He is also an hon- 
orary member, by right of long service, 
of Brownsville Lodge, No. 60, Free and 
Accepted Masons, having been made a 
Mason in Lodge No. 10, Richmond, Vir- 
ginia, in 1863. 

Mr. John A. Byers, the father of Mrs. 



Hayden, grandson of Dr. John Byers, 
of Delaware, who came to America from 
Scotland after the Revolutionary War, 
was a prominent civil engineer on the 
West Branch Canal, Pennsylvania, the 
Chesapeake & Ohio Canal, Maryland, and 
superintendent of the Western Branch 
of the James River & Kanawha Canal 
Company, Virginia, which the United 
States is now completing on the basis 
of his surveys. He was a master in 
every branch of his profession. To him 
is due the fact that his family gave eight 
civil engineers to Pennsylvania, includ- 
ing his nephew, Charles Byers, until his 
death chief engineer of the Philadelphia 
& Reading railroad ; Joseph Byers, of the 
Pennsylvania railroad, at the time of his 
death chief engineer of the Coast De- 
fenses, Empire of Brazil ; John M. Byers, 
who assisted the work of laying out the 
Central railroad of New Jersey from 
Ashley, Pennsylvania, and died superin- 
tendent of the Pittsburg, Virginia & 
Charleston railroad ; Henry M. Byers, 
long superintendent of the Pittsburg & 
Erie railroad; Morton L. Byers, late en- 
gineer of maintenance of way, Missouri 
& Pacific railroad system, now of the 
Delaware & Hudson railroad, and Max- 
well L. Byers, late assistant manager of 
Frisco System, Rock Island railroad. 
Now Mrs. Hayden is a member of the 
Pennsylvania Society of Colonial Dames 
by right of her Colonial and Revolution- 
ary ancestors, and of Black Horse Chap- 
ter, LTnited Daughters of the Confeder- 
acy, by right of her husband, and also of 
her brother, James Byers, who fell in bat- 
tle at Newton, Virginia, in September, 
1863, gallantly serving as color sergeant 
of the Eighth Virginia Regiment Cavalry, 
C. S. A. Mrs. Hayden's great-grand- 
father, John Weitzel, Esq., of Sunbury, 
Pennsylvania, was county commissioner 
at nineteen (1772-76-90-92), justice of the 
peace at twenty-one (1774-77), justice of 
the quarter session and court of common 



550 




^-^/■^ -A.'^y 



^^^^zA^A^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



pleas at twenty-two (1775-90), a mem- 
ber of the County Committee of Safety, 
1776-77, and also of the State Committee 
of Safety, 1776-77, and of the Provincial 
Conference of Pennsylvania which framed 
the constitution of 1776, when he was 
twenty-three years of age, the youngest 
of the ninety-six delegates ; issuing com- 
missary for his county, 1780, and con- 
tractor for furnishing the State troops, 
1782-1790, having filled this office in 1776 
also. He was a charter member of Sun- 
bury Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, 
1779, filling all offices of the lodge. 

Rev. Mr. and Mrs. Hayden had two 
children: i. Mary Elizabeth, born at 
Point Pleasant, West Virginia, October 
15, 1875, died in Wilkes-Barre, Decem- 
ber 26, 1879. 2. Horace Edwin, Jr., A.B., 
A.M., born at Wilkes-Barre, January 6, 
1884; graduate of Harry Hillman Acad- 
emy, Wilkes-Barre, 1900-1 ; graduated 
A.B., Princeton University, 1905 ; A.M., 
University of Virginia, 1907; Fellow in 
Geology, Vanderbilt LTniversity, 1907-08; 
master of JefTerson School for Boys, 
Charlottesville, Virginia, 1909-10; grad- 
uate of School of Biology, University of 
Virginia, 1910; instructor in Biology, 
Texas Agricultural and Mechanical Col- 
lege, 1910-12; assistant professor in same, 
1912-14. He is a communicant of St. 
Stephen's Protestant Episcopal Church, 
Wilkes-Barre; member of St. Andrew's 
Brotherhood ; and of R. E. Lee Camp, 
Richmond, Virginia, Sons of United Con- 
federate Veterans ; of the American As- 
sociation for the Advancement of Science ; 
and Wilkes-Barre Lodge, No. 61, Free 
and Accepted Masons, Wilkes-Barre, 
Pennsylvania. 



CARLIN, William James, 

Manafactnrer, Man of Affairs. 

Among the men who have been vitaliz- 
ing factors in the development of the city 
of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, the late Wil- 



liam James Carlin occupied a prominent 
position. Serious in his aims and shrewd 
in business, with broad views and gener- 
ous ideals, he was always conscious of 
the dignity of life and his character was 
ennobled by traits which gained for him 
the esteem of the community. 

Thomas Carlin, his father, was born in 
Belfast, Ireland, 1821, and died in Pitts- 
burgh, in 1884. His grandfather was a 
colonel in the English army. Thomas 
Carlin emigrated to this country early in 
the fifties and located in Allegheny City 
(now Northside, Pittsburgh), Pennsyl- 
vania. Skilled in every detail pertaining 
to his business and possessed of executive 
ability of no mean order, he founded in 
i860 the firm of Thomas Carlin, which 
has since become one of the most promi- 
nent of its kind in the city. He was not 
alone active in the business life of the 
city, but as a member of the United Pres- 
byterian church he was noted for the 
good work he performed for that denomi- 
nation, and for his many charitable acts 
in other directions. A cousin of William 
J. Carlin was the late General Carlin, 
noted Federal officer in the Civil War. 
On that memorable day in the history of 
the Civil War, General Carlin (then colo- 
nel) led his troops to victory on Lookout 
Mountain, Tennessee. Another relative, 
an uncle. Captain David Carlin, distin- 
guished himself by various acts of brav- 
ery on the battlefield of Chickamauga. 
Thomas Carlin married and had children : 
David, who died in 1881 ; Thomas, who 
died in 1909; Mary, married John Irwin, 
recently deceased ; and William James, 
see forward. 

William James Carlin was born in Al- 
legheny City, Pennsylvania, June 20, 
1856, and died in Pittsburgh, December 
12, 1911. 

His education was acquired partly 
in the public schools of his native 
city, but certain studies appealing to his 
practical nature, he pursued these with 



551 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



private teachers while still a mere boy. 
At an early age he became identified with 
the machine-building works established 
by his father, and upon the death of the 
latter Mr. Carlin assumed complete con- 
trol of the concern. In 1899 he pur- 
chased the interests held by his brothers 
and incorporated the business, himself 
being elected president of the new com- 
pany. Under his able management the 
scope of this concern was largely in- 
creased and has continued on a prosper- 
ous footing. 

Mr. Carlin was also elected presi- 
dent of the William J. Carlin Company, 
which he founded in 1889, and both of 
these corporations are among the most 
important in the city of Pittsburgh. Act- 
ing according to the views of Mr. Carlin, 
both corporations are up to date in every 
respect. They employ the most modern 
machinery, adopt every appliance to 
facilitate manufacture, and every means 
is taken to provide for the safety and 
reasonable comfort of those in their em- 
ploy. The consequence is that they rarely 
have any trade troubles and their work- 
men have the interest of the concerns 
truly at heart. Mr. Carlin was a member 
of the Calvary Episcopal Church, and 
gave liberally of his means toward the 
erection of the new church structure. In 
political matters he supported the princi- 
ples of the Republican party. 

Mr. Carlin married Harriet Amanda 
Braden (see Braden) and had children : 
I. David Noble, educated under private 
tuition and at the University of Pitts- 
burgh, is now head of the firm of Thomas 
Carlin's Sons, and has amply demon- 
strated that he has inherited the ability 
of his father; he is a member of the Cal- 
vary Episcopal Church and of the Re- 
publican party. 2. Alma Braden, de- 
ceased. 3. William Douglas, deceased. 

Mr. Carlin was an active member of the 
Pittsburgh Chamber of Commerce, and 
of the Alanufacturers' Association of 



Pittsburgh, and his opinions and counsel 
carried weight at the meetings of both of 
these bodies. Keen and aggressive in 
his business methods, he was yet pos- 
sessed of a great measure of foresight, 
which enabled him to steer clear of rocks 
upon which other less careful men of 
business were wrecked. He gave ear- 
nest and deliberate thought to every ven- 
ture in which he was called upon to en- 
gage, and when he embarked upon it it 
was with well matured plans. In private 
life he was genial and courteous to all, 
with a warm heart which was ever ready 
to sympathize with those less fortunate in 
the affairs of life than he was, and this 
sympathy was always accompanied by 
practical help. 

(The Braden Line.) 

In England there have been families 
by the name of Braden since the year 
1000, and in America the name has been 
known since 1650. It is variously spellpd, 
as Braden, Bredon, Bryden and Bredin, 
which are all supposed to have had their 
origin in the French name of Breton, 
which has figured in the persecution of 
the Huguenots, the Irish troubles and the 
destruction of the Indians. Braden dates 
back to 800 or 900 A. D., appears in the 
Doomsday Book, and has been known as 
a family name since that time. It prob- 
ably represents the Danish form of the 
pronunciation of Breton, which was orig- 
inally Brayton. 

Andre Bredin, born in France, June 24, 
1759, died in 1842, at Gustavus, Trumbull 
county, Ohio, where he had settled with 
other members of his family during the 
French Revolution about 1790, after hav- 
ing first fled to England, from whence 
he sailed to this country. At first he 
made his home in Beaver county, Penn- 
sylvania, then purchased a farm and re- 
sided upon this until his death. 

James Braden married Sarah Thomp- 
son, and had children : Gustavus, died 



552 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



in 1840; Noble James, see forward; Mar- 
tha, married Percival Smith ; Mary, mar- 
ried Samuel Middleton ; George Armer, 
married Adelaide Boone. 

Noble James, son of James and Sarah 
(Thompson) Braden, was born in Gus- 
tavus, Trumbull county, Ohio, October 
16, 1834, and died in Pittsburgh May 23, 
1890. 

His childhood years were spent on 
the home farm and at the age of sixteen 
he commenced teaching, seeing that to 
obtain the education in the higher studies 
that his heart so craved it would be nec- 
essary to help financially. Some of his 
pupils were older and much more robust 
than he, nevertheless the term was con- 
ducted without the usual disorder com- 
mon to that time. With the money so 
earned he entered the Western Reserve 
College, Cleveland, Ohio, and was gradu- 
ated from this at the expiration of four 
years. He then went to Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania, engaged in business as a 
commission merchant, and was identified 
with this line of business until his death. 
In addition to this he was also engaged 
in the real estate business and was the 
owner of a large amount of property. 
For many years he was a member of 
the Calvary Episcopal Church, was one 
of the vestrymen for a period of seven- 
teen years, and was also the treasurer of 
the parish. 

He married Caroline, born at Gustavus, 
Ohio, December i, 1858, daughter of 
Simpson and Amanda (Bergendorfer) 
Cowden. Mrs. Braden's maternal grand- 
father, Bergendorfer, was a descend- 
ant of Peter Stuyvesant, first governor of 
New Amsterdam (New York). Mr. and 
Mrs. Braden were the parents of children : 
Harriet Amanda, who married William 
James Carlin (see Carlin above) ; Sarah, 
married Edward M. West, of Pittsburgh ; 
Alma, married Wilson Harper, of Lands- 
downe, Pennsylvania; James Simpson, of 
New York, married Jean Aliller. 



THOMSON, John, 

Iiibrarlan, Liitteratenr. 

John Thomson, M. A., Litt. D., has 
been a resident of Philadelphia since 
1881, and in his chosen field of effort has 
attained very high position. As librar- 
ian of the Free Library of Philadelphia 
he has met every requirement usually 
demanded, and in addition has so liber- 
ally construed library law and precedent 
that many a man has the benefit of pri- 
vate use of books otherwise denied him. 
This broad and liberal policy has greatly 
increased the usefulness of the library 
and is a result pleasing, as well as credit- 
able. Not only is he known to Phila- 
delphians as the accomplished head 6i 
the great library, but to the antiquarians 
of the city he is an authority on many 
special subjects dear to the heart of the 
collector. Outside of the city of his adop- 
tion he is well known as the author of 
many volumes and essays dealing with 
subjects literary and scientific. That his 
fame is not merely local is evidenced by 
the fact that in 1913 Ursinus College 
conferred upon him the degree of Litt. 
D., the University of Pennsylvania hav- 
ing conferred A.]\I. in 1909. 

John Thomson was born in England 
and educated in London, and since he 
came to the United States has been con- 
tinuously engaged in library work of 
worth and importance. For eight years 
he was private librarian to Mr. Clarence 
H. Clark, of Philadelphia, and then for 
three years filled a similar position with 
Air. Jay Gould at his home, Irvington- 
on-Hudson. During these years he com- 
piled and published catalogues of both of 
these libraries, which were among the 
noted book collections of this country. 
In 1894 he was appointed librarian of 
the Free Library of Philadelphia, then 
first opened and occupying but a single 
room in City Hall, with fifteen hundred 
volumes, and but one other than the li- 



553 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



brarian on the staff. During Dr. Thom- 
son's administration he has seen the Pub- 
lic Library grow until, in the main build- 
ing, at Thirteenth and Locust streets, 
and in twenty-three branches in different 
parts of the city, nearly 400,000 volumes 
are at the disposal of the public, and 
about two hundred employees and at- 
tendants are engaged in caring for them. 
This main library and its branches 
circulate about 2,000,000 books yearly, 
while reference works are in constant de- 
mand and the reading rooms nearly al- 
ways crowded. In 1904 Dr. Thomson 
secured, through Mr. Andrew Carnegie, 
thirty branch libraries for the city, the 
princely donor donating $1,500,000 for 
this purpose. Besides the catalogues of 
the two private libraries before men- 
tioned, he has published "Descriptive 
Catalogue of the Works of Sir Walter 
Scott," and also of the "Library of Old 
Authors" for the Free Library; cata- 
logues of the libraries of Thomas Dolan 
and the Rittenhouse Club ; a series of 
essays, one on "Block Books," delivered 
before the Numismatic and Antiquarian 
Society, the other "Hither and Thither," 
a collection of essays on books, published 
in igo6. 

Naturally Dr. Thomson's society and 
club relations are with organizations hav- 
ing kindred objects and aims. He holds 
official position in the American Library 
Association, and for many years has 
served by the appointment of Governors 
of Pennsylvania on the State Library 
Commission. He was one of the found- 
ers of the Philobiblion Club in 1904, and 
has ever since been one of its officers. 
He is chairman of the library committee 
of the Art Club, member of the Histori- 
cal Society of Pennsylvania, and shows 
devotion to the land that gave him birth 
by membership in the Society of the Sons 
of Saint George, and holds the position 
of vice-president in the Albion Society. 
His social club is the Art Club, the 



Franklin Inn of Philadelphia and the 
Rowfant Club of Cleveland, Ohio, also 
numbering him among their members. 
In religious and philanthropic work he 
also displays a deep interest. He is a 
member of the council of the University 
Extension Society, member of the coun- 
cil and vice-president of the Home Teach- 
ing Society for the Blind, member of 
the council of the Society for the Pro- 
motion of Church Work among the Blind, 
and accounting warden of the Episcopal 
Church of the Annunciation, Twelfth and 
Diamond streets. 

Dr. Thomson married in England, and 
has seven living children. The family 
residence is at 2101 North Camac street; 
his office, 13th and Locust streets. 



HADDEN, James, 

Historian, Amtiqnariaii. 

"O the Isle of Mull is an isle of delight, 
With the waves on the shore and the sun on 

the height, 
With the breeze on the hill and the blast on the 

fens, 
And the old green woods and the old grassy 

glens." 

James Hadden, a native of Uniontown, 
Pennsylvania, was the fourth of the five 
sons of Armstrong and Jane (McClean) 
Hadden, and was born August 17, 1845. 
He is of Scotch lineage from both sides 
of his ancestry, his father, Armstrong 
Hadden, being the son of Thomas Had- 
den, of Scotch descent, who came from 
the eastern part of Pennsylvania when 
a young man and located in LTniontowri 
soon after the erection of Fayette county 
and the establishment of the courts, in 
1783, and was admitted to the bar at 
September term, 1795, and was the first 
resident attorney at the bar of the new 
court. In 1798 he was married to Eliza- 
beth, second daughter of Colonel Alex- 
ander McClean, the famous surveyor. He 
was also county auditor in 181 5; county 
554 



^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^NRi^^^l 


BH 








fl 




^M 




1 



^ciincj fJVaadcii 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



treasurer from 1818 to 1821 ; was also 
a notary public, and held the office of 
justice of the peace from 1812 to 1819. 
He was born April 19, 1770, and died 
June I, 1826. 

Mr. Hadden's paternal great-grand- 
father was Colonel Alexander McClean, 
the famous surveyor, who, with his elder 
brothers, Archibald, Moses, and Samuel, 
all natives of York county, was employed 
in running the New Castle circle between 
the provinces of Pennsylvania and Dela- 
ware, and was employed also in running 
the historic Mason and Dixon line, the 
southern boundary of the province of 
Pennsylvania, thus settling forever the 
boundary line between this State and the 
States of Maryland and Virginia. Colonel 
McClean also located the temporary po- 
sition of the southwest corner of the 
State, and ran her western boundary to 
Lake Erie. He also did much of the 
surveying in the northwestern part of 
the State when that part of the province 
was thrown open for settlement. He was 
elected a member of the supreme execu- 
tive council for the purpose of, and was 
instrumental in, effecting the formation 
of Fayette county from a part of West- 
moreland, and was appointed its first reg- 
ister and recorder, which position he 
filled with signal ability from the time 
of his appointment until his death, a 
period of just fifty years. He was very 
prominent in the affairs of the State and 
the community in which he lived. 

Mr. Hadden's maternal great-grand- 
father was James McClean, a brother to 
Colonel Alexander McClean. James Mc- 
Clean bought lands and settled at the 
western base of the Allegheny mountains 
in 1772, while what is now Fayette county 
was a part of Bedford county. The Mc- 
Cleans trace their ancestry to the Isle 
of Mull, and can trace their origin with 
precision to Old Dougall, of Scone, who 
flourished about the year iioo. Gilleain, 
or more truly MacGilleain, who flourished 



about 1250, was the founder of the clan 
MacLean. He was a man of mark and 
distinction, and held large possessions in 
Upper-Mull and along the whole north- 
ern coast of that island, and built his 
castle on the Island of Kerrera, a part 
of his possessions, and which still bears 
his name. Gilleain, from which the fam- 
ily name is derived, means "Servants of 
Saint John." 

Armstrong Hadden, father of the sub- 
ject of this sketch, was thrown upon his 
own resources while quite young, and 
learned the trade of harness making, 
which business he followed in connec- 
tion with that of buggy and coach trim- 
ming for many years. He traveled much, 
as was the custom in his time, as a 
journeyman artisan. He was appointed 
to the office of postmaster at Uniontown 
by President James K. Polk, May 5, 1845, 
and subsequent to the election of Frank- 
lin Pierce to the presidency, Mr. Had- 
den again sent in his application for ap- 
pointment as postmaster, but this time 
it was referred to a vote of the patrons 
of the office, who showed their preference 
to Mr. Hadden over his competitors. 
This was the only time in the history 
of the office that the choice of the people 
was expressed by ballot. His appoint- 
ment at this time was dated April 18, 
1853. Mr. Hadden sent in his applica- 
tion for reappointment under the admin- 
istration of President James Buchanan, 
which was granted, his appointment dat- 
ing April 12, 1858. When a charter was 
granted for the incorporation of the Fay- 
ette county railroad, in 1857, Mr. Had- 
den became actively engaged in its pro- 
motion, and became one of its directors 
and its treasurer, which position he held 
until his death. Upon the establishment 
of the Dollar Savings Bank, January i. 
1870, of which Mr. Hadden was one of 
the promoters, he was elected one of its 
directors and its cashier, which position 
he held until the time of his death. Mr. 



555 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Hadden was always prominently identi- 
fied with the interests and prosperity of 
the town, and the respect in which he 
was held by the citizens was expressed 
in the closing of the business houses of 
the town during the funeral services and 
interment. He was born February 2, 
1808. and died October 19, 1872. 

James Hadden, the subject of this 
sketch, assisted in the post office under 
his father, and attended the public 
schools. He was the first newsboy to in- 
troduce the Pittsburgh daily papers in 
the town, beginning with a list of about 
a dozen subscribers. He then went to 
Waynesburg, where he attended college 
for two years, after which he embarked 
in the photograph business, which he fol- 
lowed for fifteen years. Longing for 
outdoor exercise, he entered market 
gardening, which business he conducted 
for eighteen years, after which he retired 
from active business and delightfully 
spends much of his time reading and 
writing short articles on local history. 
He has taken an active part in locating 
and marking the places of historic inter- 
est in Fayette county, and was one of 
the prime movers in the establishment 
of a memorial park and the erection and 
dedication of a monument to the mem- 
ory of General Edward Braddock. who 
gave his life in the English cause in 
America. 

Mr. Hadden is the author of a small 
book entitled "Washington's and Brad- 
dock's Expeditions," which is a concise 
and comprehensive work on the two im- 
portant introductory campaigns to estab- 
lish English supremacy in the Mississippi 
valley. He has also reissued the work 
of Judge James Veech, entitled "Monon- 
gahela of Old," an exceedingly rare and 
valuable history of the early settlements 
in and adjoining Fayette county. He has 
just issued a "History of Uniontown, 
Pennsylvania," which is a work of 824 
pages, containing 34 chapters and 34 fine 



half-tone illustrations. This interesting 
work is the culmination of several years' 
labor. 

On January 9, 1872, Mr. Hadden was 
most happily married to Miss Libbie S. 
Doran, and they now occupy the old Had- 
den home at 85 Morgantown street, 
Uniontown, which has been owned and 
occupied by the Hadden family for three- 
quarters of a century. 



ELY, Warren Smedley, 

Historian, Antiquarian. 

Warren Smedley Ely, tenth child and 
fourth son of Isaac and Mary (Magill) 
Ely, was born in Solebury township, 
October 6, 1855. He was educated in 
the common schools and Lambertville 
Seminary. On April i, 1878, he took 
charge of the paternal farm, upon which 
he had been reared, and conducted it for 
two years. March i, 1880, he purchased 
a farm in Buckingham, to which he re- 
moved and cultivated it for five years, 
during the same period acting as one of 
the managers and the treasurer of the 
Buckingham Valley Creamery Associa- 
tion. On October 26, 1881, he experi- 
enced a distressing accident by the loss 
of his right arm in farming machinery. 
This necessitated his seeking other em- 
ployment than that to which he had been 
accustomed, and in the winter of 1881-82 
he engaged in business as a real estate 
and general business agent, and during 
the ensuing four years was busily en- 
gaged in that capacity, at the same time 
continuing his residence upon the farm 
and directing its management. In the 
spring of 1885 he sold the farm and pur- 
chased a mill in Buckingham, which he 
remodeled and refitted throughout, equip- 
ping it with the latest improved roller 
process machinery for the manufacture 
of flour and granulated cornmeal. He 
was the pioneer in eastern Pennsylvania 
in the manufacture of the latter prod- 



556 




XMcuwov^. S)' 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



uct, and his "Gold Grits" enjoyed a more 
than local reputation, and commanded a 
ready sale, as did his roller process flour, 
and he conducted a prosperous business 
for several years. 

In the autumn of 1893 he was elected 
on the Republican ticket to the office of 
clerk of the Orphans' Court of Bucks 
county, and in the spring following re- 
moved to Doylestown, where he has since 
resided. After his retirement from office 
on the expiration of his official term, he 
was appointed a deputy clerk of the same 
court, acting more especially as advisor 
and assistant to his chief, and during a 
large portion of this same period also 
serving as deputy register of wills, and 
for some time as deputy recorder of deeds 
and deputy sheriff. He has held com- 
mission as deputy clerk of Orphans' 
Court and deputy register of wills down 
to the present time, his advice and as- 
sistance being sought in emergencies. 
He has supervised the refiling and index- 
ing of papers and records in the Court 
of Common Pleas, Court of Quarter Ses- 
sions, and in fact all the original papers 
on file at the court house from the found- 
ing of the county in 1682 down to 1882, 
and is therefore probably the best in- 
formed man in the county in reference 
to civil history. On May i, 1900, he 
accepted the position of business mana- 
ger of the "Republican," a daily and 
weekly newspaper at Doylestown. He 
was so engaged until August, 1901, when 
he resigfned to take charge of the work 
of arranging, recopying and filing the 
papers and records of the Orphans' Court 
office under the direction of the court, a 
task which employed him constantly for 
nearly two years. Since the completion 
of this labor his entire time has been de- 
voted to historical and genealogical work. 
He edited the revised edition of General 
W. W. H. Davis' "History of Bucks 
County," published in 1904. 

Proud of the achievements of the sons 



of Bucks county, abroad as well as at 
home, Mr. Ely has made a close study 
of the part the county has taken in 
the rise and development of the province, 
state and nation, and is recognized as 
an authority in matters relating to its 
local history, and particularly the geneal- 
ogy of its early families. He was di- 
rected into this channel of thought and 
investigation during his incumbency of 
the office of clerk of the Orphans' Court, 
and, while rendering efficient service in 
that capacity, found congenial occupa- 
tion in his contact with the ancient rec- 
ords of the county not alone in his offi- 
cial investigations, but in the fund of 
information opened up to him with ref- 
erence to the old families of the county. 
He became an active member of the 
Bucks County Historical Society, was its 
first regularly instituted librarian and 
curator, and has occupied that position 
to the present time, serving for ten years 
without salary, but giving the greater 
part of his time to the building up of the 
library which, under his supervision, has 
grown from less than one hundred vol- 
umes of little historical value, until it 
has become one of the largest and most 
efficient county historical libraries in this 
or any other State, containing at pres- 
ent over 4,000 bound volumes, and a 
fine collection of valuable historical man- 
uscripts, rare prints, pictures, pamphlets, 
etc., this result being accomplished with 
very little financial support, and with- 
out a cent of State or county appropri- 
ation. The Museum connected with the 
library is the most unique and complete 
in its illustration of local history of the 
section, of any like institution in exist- 
ence, but its success is much more due 
to the efforts of Henry C. Mercer, Esq., 
the present president of the Society, than 
to its curator, Mr. Ely. He has contrib- 
uted a number of papers to the archives 
of the Society, these including one of 
particular merit, on "The Scotch-Irish 



557 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Families of Bucks County." Mr. Ely is 
a member of the American Historical As- 
sociation and of the Pennsylvania His- 
tory Club, and has written and compiled 
a number of historical publications of 
more than ordinary merit. 

Mr. Ely is deeply interested in gen- 
eral educational affairs, and gave capable 
service as one of the trustees and di- 
rectors of the Hughesian Free School, 
in Buckingham, until his removal from 
the township rendered him ineligible for 
the office. He is a member of the fra- 
ternity of Odd Fellows, affiliated with 
Aquetong Lodge, No. 193, in which he is 
a past grand, and Doylestown Encamp- 
ment, No. 35, and has been for many 
years its secretary and representative to 
the Grand Lodge, in which he is past 
chief patriarch and scribe ; and has been 
representative in the State Grand En- 
campment a number of years, and for 
some time filled the position of district 
deputy. He is also a past select com- 
mander of the Ancient Order, Knights of 
the Mystic Chain, of Pennsylvania, affili- 
ated with Buckingham Castle, No. 208, 
which he represented for several years, 
also serving as trustee of the State body 
for three years. 

Through his marriage, Mr. Ely is re- 
lated to a family as old in America as 
his own. On March 29, 1882, he mar- 
ried Hannah S. Michener, a daughter of 
Hugh and Sarah (Betts) Michener. She 
is descended on the paternal side from 
John and Sarah Michener, who came from 
England about 1690 and settled in Phila- 
delphia, later removing^ to Moreland 
township, Montgomery county, whence 
William Alichener removed in 1722 to 
Plumstead, Bucks county, where Mrs. 
Ely's ancestors were prominent farmers 
for several generations. On the maternal 
side she is descended from Colonel Rich- 
ard Betts, who came from England to 
Ipswich, Massachusetts, about 1648, and 
soon afterward to Long Island, where he 



filled many high and honorable positions 
under the Colonial government — member 
of the provincial assembly, commissioner 
of highways, sheriff, officer of volunteers, 
etc., and died November 18, 1673, at the 
remarkable age of one hundred years. 
Among the maternal ancestors of Mrs. 
Ely were also the Stevenson, Whitehead, 
Powell, Whitson, De la Plaine, Cresson, 
Cock, Halleck, Este, Field and other 
prominent families of Long Island and 
New Jersey, and the Blackfan, Simpson, 
Warner, Wiggins, Croasdale, Chapman 
and Hayhurst families of Bucks county. 
Many of her lineal ancestors have held 
high official position in the early days 
of the colonies, as have those of her hus- 
band. 

The children of Warren S. and Hannah 
S. (Michener) Ely are as follows : M. 
Florence, born July 19, 1884, wife of J. 
Carroll Molloy ; Laura W., born Febru- 
ary 21, 1887, died February 25, 1903; 
and Frederic Warren, born February 16, 
1889, a graduate of Swarthmore College, 
and now a civil engineer engaged in the 
active practice of his profession. 



BAILEY, James Madison, 

Manufacturer, Financier. 

The fundamental source of Pittsburgh's 
greatness lies in the unsurpassed quality 
of her citizenship, and more especially 
of her business men — men of the type 
of the late James Madison Bailey, for 
many years a member of the well-known 
firm of Phillips, Nimick & Company, and 
president of the Fourth National Bank. 
For a third of a century Mr. Bailey was 
a forceful element in the business world 
and was widely known as an able and 
successful man of affairs. 

Francis Bailey, father of James Madi- 
son Bailey, belonged on his father's side 
to a family that held a one hundred years' 
lease of an estate on the Boaun Waters, 
near Coleraine, Ireland, while through 



558 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



his mother he was a member of the old 
Livingston family of Scotland. As a 
young man Francis Bailey emigrated to 
the United States, settling in 1814 in 
Philadelphia and in 1820 in Pittsburgh. 
During the greater part of his life he 
was engaged in mercantile business and 
was prominent in Freemasonry, being 
first commander of the Knights Templar 
Commandery of Pittsburgh and instru- 
mental in reviving Masonry in the Iron 
City. 

He married Mary A., daughter of 
Jacob and Elizabeth Beltzhoover, and 
they were the parents of six children : 
Francis, Jr., deceased ; the late Judge 
John H. Bailey ; James Madison, men- 
tioned below ; Sarah ; Elizabeth ; Mary. 
Francis Bailey, the father, died January 
8, 1849, aged sixty-two. 

James Madison, son of Francis and 
Mary A. (Beltzhoover) Bailey, was born 
August 22, 1833, in Pittsburgh, and re- 
ceived his education in public and pri- 
vate schools of his native city, and at 
the Western L^niversity of Pennsylvania 
(now the University of Pittsburgh), 
which he attended for six years. At the 
age of seventeen he began dealing in 
coal and continued to do so for some 
years, after which he served four years 
as clerk in a commission firm. The early 
portion of his business career was inter- 
rupted by a trip to California in the ex- 
citing El Dorado days, the spirit of ad- 
venture which was then abroad in the 
land triumphing for a brief space over 
the business instincts which were even 
then beginning to develop in this finely 
endowed young man. 

Not many years after his return from 
California, Mr. Bailey became a mem- 
ber of the firm of Phillips, Nimick & 
Company, owners and operators of the 
old Sligo Mill. He survived both the 
partners, thus becoming, practically, sole 
proprietor. Forceful, sagacious and re- 
sourceful, he was recognized as one in 



the inmost circle of those closest to the 
business concerns and financial interests 
which most largely conserved the growth 
and progress of the city. 

For twenty years Mr. Bailey served 
as president of the Fourth National Bank, 
giving striking proof of his ability in the 
sphere of finance, and he was also a mem- 
ber of the board of directors of the Fort 
Pitt National Bank prior to the reorgani- 
zation of that institution. He was presi- 
dent of the Monongahela Incline and the 
Castle Shannon Incline before the latter 
changed hands. He was one of the in- 
corporators and directors of the Pitts- 
burgh & Lake Erie Railroad Company, 
the Pittsburgh & Castle Shannon Rail- 
road Company, the Pittsburgh, McKees- 
port & Youghiogheny Railroad Company, 
the Lexington & Big Sandy Railroad 
Company, and the Ashland Coal & Iron 
Railway, in Kentucky. He was presi- 
dent of the Union Bridge Company and 
a director in the Monongahela Bridge 
Company until the Smithfield street 
structure was sold to the city. He was 
one of the incorporators of the Pitts- 
burgh Clay Pot Compan}^ a director of 
the Cash Insurance Company and a heavy 
stockholder in the Clinton Iron and Steel 
Company of which James W. Friend was 
president. To these many and important 
interests an ordinary man would have 
found it impossible to do justice, but 
James Madison Bailey was not an ordi- 
nary man. To whatever he undertook 
he gave his whole soul, allowing noth- 
ing intrusted to his care to suffer for 
want of close and able attention and in- 
dustry. 

A man of action rather than words, 
Mr. Bailey demonstrated his public spirit 
by actual achievements which advanced 
the prosperity and wealth of the com- 
munity, and in all concerns relative to 
the city's welfare he ever manifested a 
deep and sincere interest. He took a lead- 
ing part in the erection of the Fourth 



559 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Ward school building and for years 
served as a school director. He was a 
Democrat in politics and represented his 
ward in the Select Council, serving many 
terms. 

No good work done in the name 
of charity or religion sought his co-oper- 
ation in vain, and in his work of this 
character he brought to bear the same 
discrimination and thoroughness that 
were manifest in his business life. He 
was one of the directors of the Allegheny 
Cemetery and a member of the board of 
trustees of the Homeopathic Hospital. 
An ardent advocate of the development 
of the South Side, Mr. Bailey had ex- 
tensive real estate interests on Mount 
Washington and did much for the im- 
provement of that section of the city. 
Up to the time of his death his summer 
home was on Bailey avenue, on Mount 
Washington, the property having been in 
the family for over a hundred years, a 
direct grant from the Penns to Jacob 
Beltzhoover. He was a member of the 
Second Presbyterian Church and at one 
time served on its board of trustees. 

Possessing generous impulses and a 
chivalrous sense of honor, Mr. Bailey 
was, indeed, a man nobly planned. The 
old saying, "his word was as good as 
his bond," was not infrequently quoted 
in giving an estimate of his character 
when his memory was referred to in 
social intercourse. Ardent in his friend- 
ships, he irradiated the ever-widening 
circle of his influence with the bright- 
ness of spirit that expressed the pure 
gold of character. His countenance in- 
dicated those sterling qualities of man- 
hood and that geniality of disposition 
which were manifest throughout his ca- 
reer. His very presence seemed to radi- 
ate energy, alertness and confidence, and 
his whole expression was that of intelli- 
gence, calmness and capacity. 

Mr. Bailey married, December 24, 1867, 
Martha, daughter of James and Martha 



(Duff) Dalzell, of Pittsburgh, and the 
following children were born to them: 
Two daughters, Ruth Bailey McMechen 
and Lois Livingston Balken, and a son, 
Mark D. Bailey, of Pittsburgh. 

Mr. Bailey was devoted to the ties of 
friendship and of family, regarding them 
as sacred obligations. He was essentially 
a home-lover and delighted in the exer- 
cise of hospitality. The death of Mr. 
Bailey, which occurred May 6, 1903, de- 
prived Pittsburgh of one of her most re- 
spected citizens and foremost business 
men, of stainless character in every re- 
lation of life and a most kindly and 
benevolent disposition. His every action 
was in accordance with the highest prin- 
ciples, he fulfilled to the letter every 
trust committed to him, and was gener- 
ous in his feelings and conduct toward 
all. 

Among the many tributes to the 
character and work of Mr. Bailey was 
an editorial which appeared in a Pitts- 
burgh paper and from which the follow- 
ing is an extract : 

"In the death of James Madison Bailey the 
industries and business of Pittsburgh lose an 
important factor in their progress. Mr. Bailey 
was born in this city in 1833 and on reaching 
manhood took an active part in the business, 
banking and manufactures of the city. He was 
early in the coal business, held and conducted 
important banking interests and was prominent 
as an iron and steel manufacturer. He was an 
unobtrusive, sensible and well equipped business 
man, a Pittsburgh type, it might be said, and in 
all the relations of life made and held friends, 
adding to his value and usefulness as a citizen." 

Mr. Bailey was a man who touched 
life at many points and there was hardly 
an element essential to the well-being of 
his native city which was not strength- 
ened by his vitalizing influence. The 
passing of such a man leaves a vacancy 
which it is well-nigh impossible to fill 
and a record which serves as an inspira- 
tion to those who come after him. 



560 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



RANDOLPH, Edmund D., 

Financier, Iieadlng Ijife Insurance 
Authority. 

Edmund D. Randolph, Consulting 
Treasurer of the New York Life Insur- 
ance Company, and for nearly half a cen- 
tury officially connected with a number 
of the leading financial institutions of the 
metropolis, is a representative of an an- 
cient family of English origin distin- 
guished in the Colonial, Revolutionary 
and National periods of our history. 

The founder of the American branch 
of the race came in 1622 from Notting- 
hamshire, England, to Barnstable, Mas- 
sachusetts, seeking an asylum from re- 
ligious persecution. Since the early part 
of the tenth century his ancestors had 
been prominent in English history. From 
a Scotch branch of the family was de- 
scended "The Bruce." The Virginia 
branch is rich in famous names. The 
original form of the patronymic was 
Fitz-Randolph, and the race is exclusively 
of English and Scottish origin. In 1630 
the Massachusetts branch was trans- 
planted to Middlesex county. New Jer- 
sey. 

Edward Fitz-Randolph, grandfather of 
Edmund D. Randolph, was born Febru- 
ary 20, 1754, at Perth Amboy, New Jer- 
sey, and during the Revolutionary War 
was a soldier in the Continental army, 
serving successively as ensign, sec- 
ond lieutenant and first lieutenant of the 
Fourth Regiment, Pennsylvania Conti- 
nental Line. The period of his service 
was from January 3, 1777, to May 10, 
1779, and he participated in the battles 
of Trenton, Princeton, Brandywine, Ger- 
mantown and Monmouth. He was 
wounded at Paoli, and was among those 
who endured the hardships and privations 
of the never-to-be-forgotten winter at 
Valley Forge. Lieutenant Fitz-Randolph 
married Anna Juliana Steele, and his 
death occurred March 12, 1837, in Phil- 



adelphia, where his portrait now hangs 
in the rooms of the Pennsylvania His- 
torical Society. 

Charles, son of Edward and Anna Juli- 
ana (Steele) Fitz-Randolph, was born in 
1805, in Philadelphia, and became a well 
known medical practitioner of that city. 
He married Margaret Gooch, born in 
1808, in Delaware, and their son, Ed- 
mund D., is mentioned below. At the 
early age of thirty-nine Dr. Randolph 
died, leaving a record comparatively 
brief, but rich in results which promised 
a brilliant future. 

Edmund D., son of Charles and Mar- 
garet (Gooch) Randolph, was born Au- 
gust 26, 1838, in Philadelphia, and re- 
ceived his education in private schools 
and the Grammar and Central high 
schools of his native city, in which latter 
he completed the full four years collegi- 
ate course, graduating in 1856 with the 
degree of Bachelor of Arts. He began 
his business career as corresponding 
clerk of the Philadelphia Bank, an insti- 
tution organized and conducted by mem- 
bers of his family on both sides, and 
maintained during a period of many 
years. He also served, for a few years, 
as clerk in the well known banking house 
of Jay Cooke & Company, Philadelphia, 
and in 1862 became a member of the 
banking firm of Smith, Randolph & Com- 
pany, of that city. 

In 1866 Mr. Randolph went to New 
York City as resident partner in charge 
of the branch office of the firm with 
which he was connected, and has ever 
since been closely and prominently iden- 
tified with the financial interests of his 
adopted city. In 1877 he was elected 
president of the Continental National 
Bank (since consolidated with the Hano- 
ver National Bank), an office which he 
retained for twenty-one years. In 1898 
he resigned in order to become an officer 
of the New York Life Insurance Com- 
pany, of which he had been a trustee 



561 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



since February, 1892. He was suc- 
cessively elected chairman of the execu- 
tive committee, chairman of the finance 
committee, and treasurer. Air. Randolph 
is also connected with several other 
prominent corporations in official capaci- 
ties, including those of director and trus- 
tee. Among the concerns with which he 
is associated are the Liverpool and Lon- 
don and the Globe insurance companies, 
the Manhattan Trust Company, the New 
York Trust Company and the Southern 
Railway Company. In all the positions 
which he has filled he has proved him- 
self possessed of talents which peculiarly 
fit him for success in the realm of finance 
— in particular, the ability to read "the 
signs of the times." 

As a citizen with exalted ideas of good 
government and civic virtue Mr. Ran- 
dolph stands in the front rank, never re- 
fusing the support of his influence and 
means to measures which he deems cal- 
culated to promote the welfare of the 
city. No good work done in the name 
of charity or religion seeks his coopera- 
tion in vain, but his philanthropy is of 
the kind that shuns publicity. He is a 
member and warden of Trinity Church 
Corporation, and a trustee of the New 
York Hospital and the Metropolitan Mu- 
seum of Art. He belongs to the Zoo- 
logical and Botanical Societies of New 
York, and is a member of the Union, 
Knickerbocker, Metropolitan, Meichanto 
and Church clubs of New York City, the 
Country Club of West Chester, and the 
Philadelphia Club of Philadelphia. 

Mr. Randolph married Helen, daughter 
of Zebediah and Eliza (Earle) Lothrop 
and granddaughter of Governor Earle of 
Rhode Island ; her father was one of the 
eminent merchants of Philadelphia, and a 
member of the famous old firm of Fales, 
Lothrop & Company. Like her hus- 
band, Mrs. Randolph is a native of Phil- 
adelphia. The following children have 
been born to Mr. and Mrs. Randolph: 



Edmund, Charles, Alary Welsh, Cora, 
Lothrop, Margaret, and Helen. The fam- 
ily home, "Brookwood," is at Mount St.- 
Vincent-on-the-Hudson. 

Edmund D. Randolph is a representa- 
tive of a family which has been for three 
generations identified with Pennsylva- 
nia. The career of his early manhood is 
associated with the Keystone State, but 
the story of the rich years of his later 
life is interwoven with the annals of New 
York. The records of his father and 
grandfather — the one a skilful physician 
and the other a brave soldier — are wor- 
thily supplemented by his own, which is 
that of an able and honorable financier 
and a high-minded man of affairs. 



PENN, William, 

Founder of PennsylTamla. 

William Penn was born in London, 
England, October 16, 1644, son of Sir 
William Penn, admiral in the English 
navy. The son entered Christ Church 
College, Oxford University, but there be- 
came a follower of George Fox, and was 
a leader in opposing the introduction of 
elaborate church ceremonials, and was 
expelled. His non-conformist views were 
very obnoxious to his father, who put 
him into London society, hoping to 
change his views, but without effect. He 
joined the Society of Friends, and for this 
he was disowned by his father. He be- 
gan to preach and write in advocacy of 
the doctrines of the Friends and pub- 
lished a pamphlet which was held to be 
seditious, and for which he was im- 
prisoned for nine months in the Tower of 
London. Resuming his residence at Cork, 
he continued preaching and writing pam- 
phlets. His father died in 1692, and he 
inherited a large estate, and shortly after- 
ward married Gulielma Maria (Proude) 
Springet, who died the year of their mar- 
riage. He succeeded in procuring from 
the Duke of York the release of George 



562 





y!l^!^^i:^<^,#^^ Q^^/^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Fox, who had been long imprisoned. He 
then made a missionary voyage to Hol- 
land and Germany in company with Fox 
and other prominent Friends, and soon 
afterward engaged actively in a long cher- 
ished project to plant a colony in America. 
In 1679 Penn and eleven others bought 
East Jersey. Later he learned that the 
English king was indebted to his father's 
estate to the amount of £16,000, and he 
accepted land in America in liquidation 
of the debt, the charter being signed 
]\Iarch 4, 1681, the tract being called 
Pennsylvania. With the land he had con- 
ferred upon him almost royal rights — to 
enact laws, appoint judges and other offi- 
cers. His wisdom in government and 
success in colonizing his newly acquired 
possessions is one of the most brilliant 
chapters of American history. He ar- 
rived at New Castle, Delaware, Novem- 
ber 28, 1682, and at the site of the present 
Philadelphia a few days later. He made 
his famous treaty with the Indians, rec- 
ognizing them as rightful owners of the 
land, and the fairness of his dealings with 
them established most friendly relations, 
and immigrants came in large numbers. 
When Charles II. died in 1685, and was 
succeeded by James, Duke of York, Penn 
maintained friendly relations with the 
new monarch, despite their religious dif- 
ferences ; he obtained freedom of worship 
for all Friends, and showed his real con- 
ceptions of true religious liberty by sup- 
porting the king in the abolition of the 
test rule which prevented Roman Catho- 
lics from holding public offices. When 
James was dethroned his successor, Wil- 
liam of Orange, ordered the arrest of 
Penn, who was, however, released after 
an examination in which he averred that 
he had acted honestly and conscientious- 
ly, and that he loved his country and the 
Protestant religion beyond his life. He 
was again arrested, but discharged; later 
he was again taken into custody, im- 
prisoned for several months, proclaimed 



to be a traitor, and deprived of govern- 
mental powers. In 1695 he married Han- 
nah Callowhill, of Bristol, England, and 
in 1699 brought his family to Philadel- 
phia, then numbering about 7,000 souls. 
In 1701 he again returned to England, 
and busied himself with his properties in 
Ireland. These affairs involved him in 
litigation, and he was imprisoned for debt 
while attending a religious meeting, but 
was released on a compromise with his 
opponents, and through payments made 
on his account by personal friends. Penn- 
sylvania was now in quiet condition, and 
that province yielded him a substantial 
income, which, however, he was not long 
to enjoy. In 1712 he experienced a para- 
lytic stroke which impaired his memory, 
and his later years were unsatisfactory. 
He died in Berkshire, England, July 30, 
1718. 



MULLIKIN, William T., 

Leading Business Man. 

The late William T. Mullikin, promi- 
nent commission merchant of Philadel- 
phia, while not a man who was in the 
public eye, was a leader in his chosen 
line of activity, and as such was known 
throughout the country. Moreover, Mr. 
Mullikin was essentially of that class 
known as "selfmade" men, and the posi- 
tion to which he attained was won only 
by the exercise of an indomitable will 
and a great tenacity of purpose. He had 
risen from the ranks, having started as 
a bookkeeper and finally becoming head 
of the business, and in this capacity had 
enjoyed a most enviable reputation 
throughout the trade as a man of the 
strictest integrity and whose motto of a 
"square deal" was known everywhere. 

Mr. Mullikin was a native of the State 
of Maryland, having been born at 
Trappe, Talbot county, May 22, 1862, 
son of John F. and Margaret (Sherwood) 
Mullikin. His father was a strong anti- 



563 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



slavery man, and some members of the 
family have held positions of prominence 
in that State. The Mullikin ancestors 
have been land owners in Talbot county, 
Maryland, since 1668, a Patrick Mullikin 
having emigrated from Ireland in that 
year. 

Educated at Trappe and later at Dick- 
inson College, Pennsylvania, Mr. Mulli- 
kin taught school for a time thereafter. 
His inclinations, however, were toward a 
business career, and after a business col- 
lege course he became bookkeeper in the 
establishment of C. M. Taylor & Co., 
of Philadelphia. This was in 1889. His 
abilities were soon recognized and he 
was entrusted with more important 
duties, which resulted finally in his being 
made manager of the company. His 
policy was progressive, and he built up 
an extensive and lucrative business. In 
1909 the firm of C. M. Taylor & Co. was 
dissolved. Mr. Taylor being otherwise 
employed left most of the business to 
Mr. Mullikin, but he now retired from 
the firm, and, after the dissolution, Mr. 
Mullikin incorporated the business under 
his own name, and as a dealer in fancy 
fruits and nuts he was perhaps the most 
prominent in the city and generally 
recognized as a leader in his line. 

For twenty-five years Mr. Mullikin 
was identified with the city's fruit and 
produce business, and there has never 
been a man who has so unmistakably left 
the impress of his character upon the 
trade. He was far from being a strong 
man physically, but over against his bod- 
ily infirmity he was a man of most pleas- 
ing personality and possessed those qual- 
ities of mind and heart that endeared 
him to a host of loyal friends. In all 
his long business career his every action 
was above reproach. He was high mind- 
ed and clean handed, true to every trust 
reposed in him and honorable in all his 
relations with men. In this connection 
we quote a business friend of Mr. Mulli- 



kin, Mr. P. D. Gwaltney, as follows : "I 
have been knowing Mr. Mullikin for a 
number of years, having done business 
with him for several years, and I can say 
of him that I have never known anyone 
whom I regarded more honorable and 
straightforward than him, and his man- 
ner was so open and frank that no one 
could doubt his integrity." There were 
many business houses from many cities 
who sent high tributes to his character 
and from the letter from the Hills 
Brothers Co., of New York, we give the 
following extract: "We cannot say how 
greatly we valued Mr. Mullikin's friend- 
ship. We have always found him as 
straight as a die, honorable, upright, and 
it was a pleasure to do business with 
him. We wish there were more William 
T. Mullikins on our books." 

Mr. Mullikin was married in 1895 to 
Miss Anna E. Ewing, a prominent 
teacher of Talbot county, Maryland, 
whose family were also well known in 
Maryland. For many years he was a 
member and trustee of the First Pres- 
byterian Church. He also held member- 
ship in the Business Science Club, the 
Pen and Pencil Club and the Grocery and 
Importers' Exchange. Mr. Mullikin 
died June 12, 1913. 



ST. CLAIR, Gen. Arthur, 

Dlstlnenished Soldier. 

Arthur St. Clair was born in Thurso, 
Caithness, Scotland, in 1734, a descendant 
of William de St. Clair, of Normandy, 
who settled in Scotland in the eleventh 
century. At an early age Arthur St. 
Clair entered the University of Edin- 
burgh, and in 1755 was indentured to Dr. 
William Hunter, the celebrated London 
physician. In 1756-57 he purchased his 
time, obtained an ensign's commission 
(dated May 13, 1757) in the Royal Ameri- 
can Regiment of Foot, under Major Gen- 
eral Jeffrey Amherst, and came to Amer- 



564 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ica, arriving before Louisburg in 1758. 
He took part in the capture of that city, 
July 26, 1758; was commissioned Heuten- 
ant, April 17, 1759; assigned to the com- 
mand of General Wolfe, and took a con- 
spicuous part in the attack on Quebec, 
and in the siege of Montreal and the 
capitulation of the French posts in Can- 
ada, September 8, 1760. He resigned his 
commission, April 16, 1762. He resided 
first in Boston and later in Western Penn- 
sylvania, in the Ligonier Valley, where 
he is said to have commanded Fort 
Ligonier, receiving the title of captain. 
He became a large land owner; was 
prominent in the military and civil life 
of that section, and erected the first, and 
for many years the only, grist mill in that 
section. He was appointed surveyor for 
the District of Cumberland, April 5, 1770; 
justice of the Court of Quarter Sessions 
and Common Pleas in May, 1770, and was 
a member of the Governor's Council for 
Cumberland county, 1770-71. On the 
erection of Bedford county in 1771 he 
was appointed by the governor a justice 
of the court, recorder of deeds, clerk of 
the Orphans' Court and prothonotary of 
the Court of Common Pleas, and in the 
same year, with Moses McLean, he ran a 
meridian line nine and a half miles west 
of the meridian of Pittsburgh. 

In May, 1775, he participated in a meet- 
ing of the Scotch residents of Westmore- 
land, held to protest against British ag- 
gressions, and later in the same year, 
while acting as secretary to the commis- 
sioners sent to treat with the Indians at 
Fort Pitt, suggested a volunteer expedi- 
tion to surprise Detroit, and engaged be- 
tween 400 and 500 young men, who 
agreed to undertake the project, which, 
however, although strongly recommend- 
ed to Congress by the commissioners, was 
disapproved by that body on the ground 
that Arnold's forthcoming expedition 
would result in the fall, not only of Que- 
bec, but of Detroit. In December, 1775, 



he was commissioned colonel of militia; 
reported for duty at Philadelphia ; re- 
ceived orders to raise a regiment to serve 
in Canada, January 22, 1776; left Phila- 
delphia, March 12, arrived at Quebec, 
May 11; he went to Montreal to consult 
with the committee of congress; left 
Sorel, May 15, and on June 2 General 
Thomas died at Chambly, and the com- 
mand devolved on General Thompson, 
whom St. Clair advised to occupy Three 
Rivers, and on June 5 was dispatched to 
Nicolet, whence he was to cross the St. 
Lawrence. Upon learning of the move- 
ment of St. Clair, Sullivan ordered 
Thompson to follow him with three regi- 
ments, and upon his arrival at Nicolet 
Thompson assumed command. The Brit- 
ish, having been informed of the approach 
of the Americans, laid a trap to mislead 
them into a morass, in which the army of 
Thompson was nearly mired ; thus the 
disastrous battle of Three Rivers fol- 
lowed, in which Thompson was taken 
prisoner, and the command devolved 
upon St. Clair, who withdrew his men 
and arrived at Sorel in safety. Sullivan 
then retreated to Crown Point, later to 
Ticonderoga. 

St. Clair was appointed brigadier-gen- 
eral, August 9, 1776; left the Northern 
Department and joined General Wash- 
ington in New Jersey, where he organized 
the State militia. Commanded his bri- 
gade in battles of Trenton and Princeton ; 
guarded the fords of the Assanpink, and 
proposed to Washington turning the en- 
emy's left and marching to the north, for 
which services he was commissioned 
major-general, February 19, 1777, and 
succeeded Colonel Reed as adjutant-gen- 
eral of the army in March, 1777. Was 
appointed to the command of Fort Ticon- 
deroga, arriving there June 12, 1777, and 
not being fully equipped to hold the 
works ordered the fort evacuated, and ar- 
rived at Fort Edward, July 12, 1777, for 
which act he was severely censured. 



565 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Left the Northern Department, August 
20, 1777, to report at headquarters and 
await an inquiry into his conduct. De- 
manded a court-martial, and joined in the 
campaign under Washington, serving as 
voluntary aide-de-camp at the battle of 
Brandy wine, September 11, 1777. The 
court-martial was delayed until Septem- 
ber, 1778, when it was held with Major 
General Lincoln as president, and reached 
the following verdict: "The court, hav- 
ing duly considered the charges against 
Major General St. Clair, and the evidence, 
are unanimously of opinion that he is not 
guilty of either of the charges preferred 
against him, and do unanimously acquit 
him of all and every of them with the 
highest honor." 

He took part in the preparation of Gen- 
eral John Sullivan's expedition against 
the Six Nations; was a member of the 
court-martial that condemned Major 
Andre; was in command at West Point 
in October, 1780, and in November was 
given temporary command of the corps 
of light infantry until the return of Gen- 
eral La Fayette. He assisted in sup- 
pressing the mutiny under General An- 
thony Wayne in January, 1781 ; engaged 
in raising troops in Pennsylvania and for- 
warding them to Virginia. In October, 
1781, joined Washington in time to take 
part in the surrender of Yorktown by 
Cornwallis. 

In 1782 he returned to his home at 
Westmoreland, and found himself finan- 
cially ruined. Was a member of the 
Council of Censors in 1783 ; was vendue- 
master of Philadelphia ; took his seat in 
the Continental Congress, February 20, 
1786; elected its president, February 2, 
1787. On October 5, 1787, elected first 
governor of the newly formed Northwest- 
ern Territory, served at Fort Harmer, 
Ohio, July 9, 1788. The civil govern- 
ment of the Territory was established, 
and Governor St. Clair took office at 
Marietta, July 15, 1788. Drafted a bill 



for the government of the Northwestern 
Territory, which was introduced in the 
House of Representatives in July, 1789, 
passed both houses without opposition. 
While in New York to concert measures 
with General Knox for the settlement of 
the difficulties with the Indians on the 
borders, he assisted in the inauguration 
of President Washington, April 30, 1789. 
In July, 1789, he received a letter from 
James Wilson, asking if he would stand 
for the presidency of Pennsylvania. Later 
in the same year he returned to the west, 
and on December 20 started on a trip to 
the Illinois country, stopping at Fort 
Washington, where, on January 4, 1790, 
he issued a proclamation establishing 
Hamilton county. Courts were organ- 
ized, officers and judges appointed, and 
Cincinnati (so named by Governor St. 
Clair, it having previously been known as 
Losantiville) declared the county seat. 
The third county to be laid out was St. 
Clair county, April 27, 1790, with Kan- 
koski as the county seat. St. Clair con- 
ducted the expedition in person into the 
Miami country against the Indians, and 
in a battle fought November 4, 1791, he 
was surprised, and his army fled, but he 
was exonerated from all blame. Resigned 
his commission in the army, and was suc- 
ceeded by General Anthony Wayne. 
Early in 1802 charges were preferred 
against Governor St. Clair, and on No- 
vember 22 he was removed from office 
by President Jackson. He then returned 
to Pennsylvania, but owing to losses he 
was forced to give up his estate, and after 
the sale of his home removed to a small 
log house on the summit of Chestnut 
Ridge, where he passed his remaining 
days in great privation. The Pennsyl- 
vania legislature granted him $400 a year 
in 1813, and in 1817 Congress settled $2,- 
000 and a pension of $60 a month upon 
him. 

He was a member of the American 
Philosophical Society; an original mem- 



566 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ber of the Society of the Cincinnati, and 
president of the State Society for Penn- 
sylvania, 1783-89. He was the author of 
"A Narrative of the Manner in Which 
the Campaign Against the Indians in the 
Year 1791 Was Conducted" (1812). 

Arthur St. Clair was married in Bos- 
ton, in 1759, to Phoebe, daughter of Bel- 
thazar and Mary (Bowdoin) Bayard, the 
latter named a half sister of Governor 
James Bowdoin. He died at Chestnut 
Ridge, Pennsylvania, August 31, 1818, 
and the Masonic Society erected a monu- 
ment to his memory in the cemetery of 
Greensburg, Pennsylvania, bearing these 
words : "The Earthly Remains of Major- 
General Arthur St. Clair are deposited 
beneath this humble monument, which is 
erected to supply the place of a nobler 
one due from his country." 



JOHNSTON, William Andrew, 
Journalist, Anthor. 

Most of the Johnston families now in 
Pittsburgh and vicinity are descendants 
of several persons of that name who 
originally settled in Allegheny, Washing- 
ton and Fayette counties, Pennsylvania, 
during the early settlement of that part 
of the State. There were at least three 
emigrant ancestors and probably four or 
five, who settled in that part of Pennsyl- 
vania, all of whom appear to have had a 
common origin. They are all reputed 
to be of either Scotch or Scotch-Irish ex- 
traction ; and there is much in their his- 
tory that leads to the inference that these 
first Johnston settlers were descended 
from the same Scottish clan. 

James Johnston was a soldier in the 
war of 1812; he is credited with having 
instituted the first "Orient" Masonic 
lodge west of the Allegheny Mountains : 
and had an original grant of land from 
William Penn. His son, William An- 
drew Johnston, was a professor in the 
Pittsburgh schools, and married Agnes 



Parry. She was a daughter of John 
Cadwalader Parry, one of the first iron 
manufacturers of Pittsburgh ; and a 
great-granddaughter of General John 
Cadwalader. They had issue, two sons: 
I, John Parry Johnston, born July 4, 
1869, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; he is 
a mechanical engineer, and recently gen- 
eral manager of the Watertown, New 
York, Engine Company; he married Isa- 
bel Mcllhenny, and has two daughters — 
Agnes Johnston and Isabel Mcllhenny 
Johnston. 2. William Andrew Johnston, 
of whom more hereafter. 

William Andrew Johnston, son of Wil- 
liam Andrew and Agnes (Parry) John- 
ston, was born January 26, 1871, in Pitts- 
burgh, Allegheny county, Pennsylvania. 
He received elementary instruction in 
the public schools of Pittsburgh and at- 
tended the Western University of Penn- 
sylvania, now the University of Pitts- 
burgh, from which he graduated A. B. 
in 1891. In 1893-94 he published the "In- 
dependent," a newspaper at Wilkins- 
burg, Pennsylvania ; and 1894 to 1896, 
was reporter for New York newspapers, 
serving first on the "New York Journal," 
and later on the "New York Press." He 
was on the editorial staff of the "New 
York Herald" from 1897 to 1900, and be- 
came an editor on the staff of the "New 
York World" in 1900, since which time 
he has continued with that paper. He 
is now editor of the "New York Sunday 
World," and a contributor to current 
periodical literature. 

He is the author of "History of the 
Spanish War," published in 1898: "His- 
tory Up to Date"; "Solomon Sloan's Ad- 
vice on How to Run the Universe"; 
"The Light of Death," a serial, in 1909, 
collaborated with Paul West ; "The Yel- 
low Letter," a novel, published in 1911; 
and "In the Night," in 1913: also "The 
Lost Alumnus." He has contributed many 
short stories to magazines, and various 
articles to the daily press. He is founder 



567 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of the Grammar School Field Days, ob- and Jane (McCully) McKelvy. The lad 



served in the New York public schools. 
He proposed the Fulton Aerial Flight 
from Albany to New York, the first in- 
ter-city flight in America, for which a 
prize of $10,000 was awarded to the win- 
ner, in 1909, during the Hudson-Fulton 
Celebration at New York. In 1910 and 
191 1 he was manager of New York City's 
"Safe and Sane Fourth of July Celebra- 
tion" ; and is a trustee of the New York 
Tercentenary Commission, incorporated 
for the celebration of the beginning of 
New York City's commerce by charter 
dated October 11, 1614, which granted 
the exclusive privilege of trading at Man- 
hattan during four years. In politics he 
is an Independent, and was chairman in 
1904 of the Parker Independent League. 
He was one of the one hundred represen- 
tative citizens selected to represent the 
City of New York at the funeral of 
Mayor William J. Gaynor in 1913. 

He married Hattie Belle McCollum, of 
Lockport, New York, April 12, 1910, and 
has issue, one son, William Jared John- 
ston, born July 24, 1912, in New York 
City. 



McKELVY, William McCully, 
Mannfacturer, Financier, 

Among the strong, solid, conservative 
and yet progressive business men who 
during the last half century made the 
commercial history of Pittsburgh, the 
late William McCully McKelvy, presi- 
dent of the Alpha Portland Cement Com- 
pany, occupied a foremost place. For 
nearly fifty years Mr. McKelvy was con- 
spicuously associated with the manufac- 
turing and financial interests of his na- 
tive city, where his name was ever re- 
garded as a guarantee of honorable deal- 
ing. 

William McCully McKelvy was born 
December i, 1839, in the old Fifth Ward 
of Pittsburgh, and was a son of Hugh 



was one of the first pupils of the Pitts- 
burgh high school, and after completing 
his education became a clerk in the of- 
fice of his uncle, Daniel Armstrong, who 
was then serving as prothonotary of the 
county. After the death of his father, in 
1864, he took charge of the latter's oil 
business, succeeding him as head of the 
Peerless Oil Company, subsequently 
merged in the Central Refining Com- 
pany, and finally purchased by the Stan- 
dard Oil Company, its name being then 
changed to the Atlantic Refining Com- 
pany. Mr. McKelvy was then general 
manager, a position which he retained 
until 1900, proving himself throughout 
the period of his incumbency a progres- 
sive, wide-awake business man, of tireless 
industry, inexhaustible energy and strict 
fidelity to principle, characteristics which 
were strikingly exhibited during his en- 
tire business career. 

After severing his connection with the 
Atlantic Refining Company, Mr. McKel- 
vy became interested in the cement busi- 
ness, being one of the first in the United 
States to realize the value of that im- 
portant product. He became president 
of the Alpha Portland Cement Company, 
organized in 1891, when the industry was 
in its infancy, subsequently owning and 
operating four large plants for the man- 
ufacture of Portland cement, and now 
ranking as one of the leading cement 
producers of the United States. It man- 
ufactures but one grade of cement — Al- 
pha — known to the trade as a strictly 
straight Portland grade. Two of the 
plants of the company are situated at Al- 
pha, New Jersey, and the other two at 
Martin's Creek, Pennsylvania, the rail- 
road connections of all four placing the 
company in a position to give the very 
best service to any part of the country 
in the way of prompt shipments, as well 
as to reach all points at the lowest pos- 
sible freight rates. The immense lime- 



568 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



stone quarries of the company are situ- 
ated in what is known as the Lehigh Val- 
ley Cement Belt, analysis of the stone 
showing that it is of the finest composi- 
tion in that belt. The deposits are more 
uniform in quality than is usually the 
case, and on this fact the claim of the 
superiority of the cement is based. 
Branch offices are maintained in New 
York, Philadelphia, Chicago, Boston, 
Baltimore, Buffalo and Pittsburgh. 

Endowed with indomitable persever- 
ance, boldness of operation and unusual 
capacity for judging the motives and 
merits of men, Mr. McKelvy speedily 
came to be recognized as one of those 
forceful, sagacious and resourceful men 
in the inmost circle of those closest to 
the business concerns and financial inter- 
ests which most largely conserved the 
growth and progress of the city. His 
self-reliance never failed him, and his ac- 
curate knowledge of men enabled him to 
fill the many branches of his business 
with employees who seldom failed to meet 
his expectations and who were enthusi- 
astically devoted to his interests. His 
clear and far-seeing mind enabled him to 
grasp every detail of a project, however 
great it might be, and he repeatedly 
proved himself to be a man dependable 
in any relation and any emergency. He 
was a director of the Lockhart Iron and 
Steel Company and the Pittsburgh Foun- 
dry Company, and for many years served 
as president of the Third National Bank 
of North Side. 

In all concerns relative to the city's 
welfare, Mr. McKelvy's interest was deep 
and sincere and wherever substantial aid 
would further public progress it was 
freely given. He was identified with the 
Republican party, but neither sought nor 
accepted office. Nevertheless, as a vigi- 
lant and attentive observer of men and 
measures, of sound opinions and liberal 
views, his ideas carried weight among 
those with whom he discussed public 



problems. No good work done in the 
name of charity or religion sought his co- 
operation in vain, and in his work of this 
character he brought to bear the same 
discrimination and thoroughness that 
were manifest in his business life. He 
affiliated with the Masonic fraternity. It 
has been said of Mr. McKelvy that no 
one could come in contact with him with- 
out feeling better for the meeting and 
acquiring a more kindly disposition 
toward his fellow men and the world at 
large. No man could be with him long 
without becoming his friend. The sunny 
smile which illuminated his strong, 
thoughtful countenance was the outward 
manifestation of a genial nature which 
recognized and appreciated the good in 
others. His sterling qualities of man- 
hood commanded the respect of the en- 
tire community. 

Mr. McKelvy married (first) Frances 
Graham, who died in the year 1888. He 
married (second) in Pittsburgh, July 
19, 1891, Ella, daughter of Rev. Dr. 
J. P. E. and Abigail (Goulding) Kumler. 
Dr. Kumler, who died January 2, 1909, 
was at one time pastor of the East 
Liberty Presbyterian Church. The fol- 
lowing children were born to Mr. and 
Mrs. McKelvy: William H. ; Frances G., 
of Easton, Pennsylvania ; J. Dwight ; 
Charles L. ; and John E. — all of Pitts- 
burgh. Mrs. McKelvy, a woman of rare 
wifely qualities, was admirably fitted by 
her excellent practical mind to be a help- 
mate to her husband in his aspirations 
and ambitions, and caused him — a man 
to whom the ties of home and friendship 
were sacred — to find his highest happi- 
ness at his own fireside. 

The death of Mr. McKelvy. which oc- 
curred February 28, 1909, deprived Pitts- 
burgh of one who never allowed ques- 
tionable methods to form a part of his 
business career and over the record of 
whose public and private life there falls 
no shadow of wrong nor suspicion of 



569 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



evil. In passing on to a position of 
wealth and prominence never did he ne- 
glect an opportunity to assist one less 
fortunate than himself, and his life was, 
in large measure, an exemplification of 
his belief in the brotherhood of mankind. 
There are some men the simple story of 
whose lives is at once a record and a 
eulogy. High on the list of this noble 
class of our citizens stands the name of 
William McCully McKelvy. 



MEADE, George Gordon, 

Distinguished Soldier. 

General George Gordon Meade was born 
December 31, 1815, in Cadiz, Spain, son 
of Richard Worsam and Margaret Coates 
(Butler) Meade, of a New Jersey family. 
He attended a boarding school in Phila- 
delphia, and one in Washington City, 
taught by Salmon P. Chase. He was 
graduated from the U. S. Military Acad- 
emy, West Point, in 1835, received his 
commission, and was assigned to the 
Third Artillery, as lieutenant. He served 
in the Seminole War, 1835-36, and re- 
signed from the army the same year. In 
1836-37 he was assistant engineer in the 
construction of the Alabama, Florida & 
Georgia railroad; in 1837 surveyed the 
Texas northern boundary line ; in 1837-39 
was engaged on surveys at the mouth of 
the Mississippi river; and in 1840-42 
aided in the survey of the United States 
and Canada boundaries. In 1842 he was 
commissioned lieutenant of topographical 
engineers, U. S. A., and in 1843-45 was on 
lighthouse construction duty at Philadel- 
phia. On the outbreak of the Mexican 
war he was ordered to Texas, and accom- 
panied the army into Mexico. He was 
engaged in the battles of Palo Alto, 
Resaca de la Palma, Monterey (receiving 
brevet of first lieutenant), and the siege 
of Vera Cruz. After the war he returned 
to Philadelphia, and engaged in river and 
harbor improvement work. He then 



served for a time under General Taylor, 
in Florida, and was afterward on light- 
house construction duty in Delaware Bay 
and on the Florida coast, and building 
the Delaware breakwater. Later he was 
on geodetic survey duty on the Great 
Lakes, 1857-61. 

The Civil War having broken out, he 
was commissioned brigadier-general of 
volunteers, August i, 1861, and assigned 
to command of the Second Brigade, Penn- 
sylvania Reserve Corps ; took part in 
battle of Drainsville, December 20, 1861 ; 
served in Virginia Peninsular campaign, 
and promoted to major of engineers ; was 
in battles of Mechanicsville, Gaines' Mill 
and Glendale, being wounded severely in 
the last named. He was on sick leave, 
July-August, 1862, then returned to duty 
and to command of the First Brigade, 
Reynolds' Division, Third Army Corps, 
and served under General Pope in the 
battel of Manassas, August 29-30, 1862. 
He commanded the Third Division, First 
Army Corps, under General McClellan, 
in the Maryland campaign, and took part 
in the battles of South Mountain and An- 
tietam ; when General Hooker was wound- 
ed he was placed in command of the 
corps, and his horse was shot under him. 
November 29, 1862, he was promoted to 
major-general, U. S. V.; and commanded 
the Third Division, First Army Corps, at 
Fredericksburg, where he broke the en- 
emy's line and had two horses shot under 
him. In the Chancellorsville campaign 
he commanded the Fifth Army Corps. He 
took command of the Army of the Poto- 
mac, June 28, 1863, and defeated Lee's 
army, July 1-3, for which he received the 
thanks of Congress, and the commission 
of brigadier-general, U. S. A. He re- 
mained in command of the Army of the 
Potomac until the close of the war, be- 
ing promoted to major-general, U. S. A., 
August 18, 1864. After the conclusion 
of peace he was put in command of the 
Military Department of the Atlantic, with 



570 




C^^^^CO. Qy /h<^-^oO(^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



headquarters in Philadelphia. He served 
on important military commissions, and 
in 1868 was assigned to the command of 
the Third Military District, with head- 
quarters at Atlanta, Georgia, afterward 
returning to the command of the Military 
Department of the Atlantic. Harvard 
conferred upon him the degree of LL.D. 
in 1865; and he was a member of nu- 
merous learned societies. He died in 
Philadelphia, November 6, 1872. There 
are fine equestrian statues of him in Fair- 
mount Park, Philadelphia, and on the 
Gettysburg battlefield. 

General Meade married Margaretta, 
daughter of John Sergeant. A son, John 
Sergeant Meade, was a brilliant writer, 
and a contributor to current literature. 
Another son, George Meade, was a pri- 
vate in the Eighth Pennsylvania Regi- 
ment, was promoted to captain, and 
served as aide on his father's staff; he 
was subsequently a broker in Philadel- 
phia. 



RIMES, Charles Francis, Ph.D., LL.D., 
Educator, Scientist. 

This widely known scientist and 
highly successful teacher was born in 
Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, June 2, 
1838, and is of early Pennsylvania-Ger- 
man stock. The immigrant ancestor, 
Willem Heim, came to Philadelphia by 
way of Rotterdam, from the Palatinate, 
in 1730. The father of our subject, Wil- 
liam D. Himes, was born in New Ox- 
ford, Adams county, 1812, and, like his 
father, George Himes, before him, was 
largely interested in real estate, includ- 
ing iron works, and in some business en- 
terprises was closely associated with 
Thaddeus Stevens. He married Magda- 
len Lanius, of York, a daughter of Chris- 
tian Lanius and Anna (Von Updegraff) 
Lanius, whose immigrant ancestor, Jacob 
Lanius, came from the Palatinate in 1731, 
and was in part of Huguenot descent. 



Charles Francis Himes was brought 
up in New Oxford, Pennsylvania, where 
he enjoyed unusual educational advan- 
tages at an academy established by Dr. 
M. D. G. Pfeiffer, a highly cultured, pub- 
lic spirited, well known German physi- 
cian, a graduate of the University at Ber- 
lin. His pupil always attributed to this 
training his graduation as A.B. at the 
age of seventeen, with high credit, at 
Dickinson College, which he had entered 
in the sophomore year. On leaving col- 
lege he taught mathematics and natural 
science in an academy for a year; then 
went to Missouri, where he taught in 
the public schools, and read law at the 
same time, with the intention of settHng 
in that State. During a visit to the east 
he was persuaded to resume teaching 
there, and after being connected with the 
Baltimore Female College for a year, he 
became Professor of Mathematics in 
Troy University, Troy, New York, 1860- 
63. From that position he went to the 
L'niversity at Giessen, Germany, to pros- 
ecute scientific studies in its then cele- 
brated laboratories. 

In the fall of 1865 he returned to 
America to enter upon the professorship 
of Natural Science in Dickinson College, 
to which he had been unanimously 
elected by the board of trustees, and at 
the urgent request of the faculty of the 
college. He at once proposed and car- 
ried out successfully elective laboratory 
courses in the junior and senior years, 
which were, according to the National 
Commissioner of Education, among the 
very first of their kind in the country; 
and by pen and addresses he advocated 
the New Education of the day. By his 
persistent advocacy of enlarged facilities 
for instruction in science in the greatly 
expanded department, he was largely in- 
strumental in the erection of the Tome 
Scientific Building, and at its opening in 
1885 made the address defining its pur- 
pose. Upon the division of the depart- 



571 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ment at that time, he assumed the chair 
of physics, and a complete Laboratory 
Course in Physics was added to the col- 
lege curriculum. In 1896 he resigned his 
position, largely, as he stated, on account 
of the serious demand upon his time by 
the purely routine work of a professor- 
ship. The board of trustees and faculty 
of the college conferred upon him the 
degree of Doctor of Laws "in recogni- 
tion of his attainments and great services 
to the college." The graduating class un- 
veiled, as part of its class-day exercises, 
with expressions of their affection and es- 
teem, a portrait of him, presented by it 
to the college. 

The consensus of opinion of the alumni 
of the thirty-one years of his professor- 
ship seems to be that his success as a 
teacher was due to the personal rather 
than conventional methods employed, 
not confined by the text-book, and in- 
spiring to thoughtful study; whilst as a 
disciplinarian he was eminently success- 
ful by reason of his friendly but digni- 
fied course with the students which ren- 
dered any resort to the usual pains and 
penalties unnecessary. He was acting 
president of the college frequently, at 
one time for nearly a year. 

As he had enjoyed much the social life 
of the old world as well as its scientific 
advantages, he found it a pleasure to re- 
visit it with his family — 1872, 1883, 1890; 
and, as he had from an early day taken 
great interest in the science of photogra- 
phy, the camera formed a valuable ad- 
junct in these visits for valuable notes, 
and also a series of instructive photo- 
graphs of the glaciers of the Zermatt 
region of Switzerland. The practice of 
photography for its educational value 
and as an aid in scientific investigation 
was given a place in the Physical Labor- 
atory. He also organized and conducted 
(1884-85) a very successful summer 
School of Photography at Mt. Lake 
Park, Maryland, the first of its kind. 



Among his numerous published ad- 
dresses may be mentioned: "Photogra- 
phy as an Educational Means," before 
the Congress at the Columbian Exposi- 
tion, 1893 ; "Actinism," International 
Electrical Exhibition ; "Science in the 
Common Schools," Pennsylvania State 
Teachers' Association ; "The Scientific 
Expert in Forensic Procedure," Frank- 
lin Institute, Philadelphia, and Dickin- 
son School of Law ; "Scientific Theories 
and Creeds," Institute of Christian Phil- 
osophy; "Making of Photography," sev- 
enty-fifth anniversary of the Franklin In- 
stitute ; "The Stereoscope and its Appli- 
cations" ; "Phenomenon of the Horizon- 
tal Moon and Convergency of the Optic 
Axes," New York Academy of Sciences ; 
"Methods and Results of Observations of 
the Total Eclipse of the Sun, 1869," and 
"Report of the U. S. Government Expe- 
dition Stationed at Ottumwa, Iowa"; 
"German Influence in Pennsylvania," 
presidential address before the Pennsyl- 
vania-German Society; "The True John 
Dickinson" ; "Col. Robert Magaw and Ft. 
Washington" ; "History of Dickinson 
College, more particularly of its Scientific 
Department"; "Photo-Record Work"; 
"Will's Tables for Qualitative Analysis, 
translated and enlarged," three editions; 
"Hand-Book of Photographic Printing"; 
"Bunsen's Flame Reactions," translation; 
etc., etc. From 1872 to 1879 he was asso- 
ciated with Professor S. F. Baird, of the 
Smithsonian Institution, in the prepara- 
tion of the "Record of Science and Indus- 
try," and for a number of years was asso- 
ciate editor of the Phot. Archv. (Ger- 
man). Since his retirement from the col- 
lege he has been much interested in his- 
torical research, and has published a 
number of papers, and has been for a 
number of years president of the Histori- 
cal Society of Cumberland County. In- 
cidentally to this he has given much at- 
tention to photo-ceramic work, in connec- 
tion with permanent historical records. 



572 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



A series of lectures before the Dickin- 
son School of Law on the "Life and 
Times of Judge Thomas Cooper" is in 
course of publication. Among the socie- 
ties of which he is a member may be 
named : American Philosophical Society, 
Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Penn- 
sylvania History Club, Philadelphia Pho- 
tographic Society, honorary member of 
the Franklin Institute, Philadelphia, New 
York Academy of Sciences, Maryland 
Academy of Sciences; Fellow of Ameri- 
can Association for Advancement of Sci- 
ence ; Pennsylvania-German Society; V. 
A. Deutsh. Studenten Amer., etc. 

Professor Himes married, January 2, 
1868, Mary E. Murray, daughter of Rev. 
Joseph A. Murray, D.D., a prominent 
minister of the Presbyterian church. One 
daughter, Mary Murray, is the wife of 
Thomas E. Vale, Esq. ; and another, Anna 
Magdalen, is the wife of Rev. George V. 
Metzel. 



TOWNSEND, David Cooper Ogden, 
Iieadimg Dealer in Frecions Stones. 

The Townsends have been conspicu- 
ous in English history for some eight 
hundred years, and, too, they have been 
no less distinguished on American soil, 
for more than two hundred years. The 
Townsends or Townshends of Great 
Britain trace their origin back to 1066, 
when William the Conqueror, upon the 
conquest of England by the Normans, 
distributed the lands taken in conquest 
among the military chieftains who aided 
him in their subjugation. From that 
time to the discovery of America, the 
Townsends were often foremost in the 
ranks of civil and military achievement. 
The family were zealous Protestants 
from the dawn of the Reformation down 
to the end of that long drawn-out contest. 
One of the name, Richard Townsend, held 
the rank of colonel under Cromwell ; and 
commanded the army in Cornwall, which 



besieged and captured the castle of Pen- 
dennis. Colonel Townsend's descendants 
are very numerous in Ireland, and held 
large estates, including the castle of 
Townsend, on a promontory along the 
coast of Cork, which projects into the 
Irish sea. 

Both Irish and English emigrants of 
the name came to America. Among the 
early emigrants of Boston and vicinity 
were William, Thomas, John, Henry, and 
Richard Townsend, all supposed to be 
brothers. It is certainly known that 
John, Henry and Richard Townsend were 
of the same family, and were all persons 
of good repute among the early colonists ; 
however, William Townsend was one of 
a number who were disarmed on account 
of their effort to protect Mrs. Ann 
Hutchinson, Wheelwright, and others, in 
their enjoyment of religious liberty. 
John, Richard and Henry Townsend were 
persecuted as Quakers at Jamaica and 
Flushing, Long Island, during the fierce 
religious conflicts between the English 
settlers of those places and the officials 
of New Amsterdam. John and Henry 
Townsend were particularly distinguished 
for their love of religious liberty, and 
cherished with great veneration the prin- 
ciples of the Quakers. They were perse- 
cuted not only by the Dutch colonial gov- 
ernment, but equally by the Puritans of 
Boston and Plymouth, in their efforts to 
stamp out the "abominable sect called 
Quakers." 

The three brothers John, Henry and 
Richard Townsend were given the alter- 
native of exile or imprisonment, and left 
Flushing to take up their residence at 
Warwick, Rhode Island. In that place 
Richard was made sergeant in 1648, con- 
stable in 1652, and was thereafter a rep- 
resentative for several years. In 1650 
Henry was chosen assistant, afterwards 
town councilman, and in 1653 a represen- 
tative in the Assembly. John was con- 
stable in 1650 and a representative for 



573 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



some years thereafter. After a time they 
returned to Flushing, but were again 
molested, so John and Henry removed 
to Oyster Bay and settled there, out of 
the jurisdiction of the Dutch authorities, 
while Richard established himself at Paw- 
tucket, Rhode Island, in 1658, and re- 
mained there until 1667, when he, with 
Christopher Hawkshurst and Joseph Car- 
penter, joined John and Henry Townsend 
at Oyster Bay, Long Island. The latter 
had in 1661 received grants of land as 
proprietors of the town for land on the 
stream called Mill river, where they 
erected a mill, and the property has 
remained in the hands of their descend- 
ants ever since. In the end, all three 
brothers became large land owners in 
different parts of the town, and their 
descendants were numerous on Long 
Island. 

The Townsends intermarried with 
many noted old families on Long Island, 
and the three brothers above mentioned 
were the ancestors of many Long Island 
and other Townsend families elsewhere. 
George Craft Townsend was a descend- 
ant of the Long Island Townsends. He 
lived in Philadelphia, and married Beulah 
Ogden of that city, by whom he had a 
son, of whom more hereafter. She was 
a descendant of Private Samuel Ogden 
(1746-1821), who served in Captain Abel 
Weyman's company, Second Regiment of 
New Jersey Line, under Colonel Israel 
Shreve, at Yorktown, Virginia, in the cap- 
ture of Lord Cornwallis. 

David Cooper Ogden Townsend, son of 
George C. and Beulah (Ogden) Town- 
send, was born T^Iay 30, 1851, in Philadel- 
phia, Pennsylvania. He was educated at 
the public schools of Philadelphia and at 
the Central High School there. After 
leaving school he served an apprentice- 
ship to the jeweler's trade, and made a 
study of precious and semi-precious 
stones. In 1880 he came to New York 
and became a diamond merchant; he later 



organized the firm of David C. O. Town- 
send & Company in New York ; after- 
ward he opened branches in London 
and Amsterdam, dealers in diamonds, 
and is the head of the above-mentioned 
firm. 

He married (first) INIay Lynde Shipley, 
in 1871, at Philadelphia, who died in 1892, 
and married (second) Jean Kirkpatrick, 
daughter of Thomas Kirkpatrick, in 1902, 
New York City. No issue of either mar- 
riage ; however, he adopted his sister's 
son, who is known as Innes Loughlin 
Townsend, and who is a member of 
the diamond firm of David C. O. Towns- 
end, of New York, Amsterdam and 
London. 

Mr. Townsend is independent in poli- 
tics, and has never aspired to public of- 
fice ; he is a communicant of Old Trinity 
Protestant Episcopal Church, New York, 
and a member of various social and busi- 
ness organizations, namely : The "24 
Karat" Club of New York ; the Jewelers' 
Board of Trade of New York ; the Cham- 
ber of Commerce ; the Metropolitan Mu- 
seum of Art; the Museum of Natural His- 
tory; the Pennsylvania Society in New 
York; the Colonial Society of Pennsyl- 
vania; and the Sons of the Revolution of 
New York. 



WILSON, Joseph R., 

Lavryer, Originator of "A Chapel in Every 
Home." 

Few men have shown greater fidelity 
to a lofty ideal, or more zeal in their ef- 
forts to accomplish its realization, than 
Mr. Joseph R. Wilson, whose earnest 
plea for "A Chapel in Every Home" has 
enlisted the interest and support of 
thinkers throughout the world. The 
scope and significance of the idea has 
been fully developed in Mr. Wilson's 
book, "A Chapel in Every Home." This 
volume contains many letters from dis- 
tinguished men, laymen and dignitaries 



574 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of the church, expressive of their un- 
qualified approval of the movement. The 
work is attracting wide attention in the 
religious world, and the author has re- 
ceived letters of endorsement from three 
cardinals, thirteen archbishops, one hun- 
dred and fifty-seven bishops, the presi- 
dents of twenty-eight of the prominent 
universities, colleges and seminaries of 
the United States, and from many of the 
leading churchmen of all denominations. 
Writing in commendation of Mr. Wil- 
son's proposition, the late Dr. George 
Dana Boardman says : "If pagan Rome 
had domestic shrines for household gods, 
surely Christian America ought to have 
domestic shrines for one God." The 
moral influence of such an ideal is incal- 
culable, and its crystallization into an ac- 
cepted practice or custom would mark a 
long step toward the realization of the 
dream which the Christian church has 
cherished through many centuries — the 
dream of Christianizing the whole world. 
As an agency for the promotion of social 
and intellectual as well as religious ad- 
vancement, it is worthy the consideration 
of philosophers and students of social con- 
ditions. In the household chapel the nat- 
ural and usually repressed reverence of 
the human heart would find freedom for 
expression. With a room in the house 
dedicated to worship and pervaded by an 
atmosphere of religious tranquility many 
of the evil influences which create un- 
happiness in the household would dis- 
appear. A chapel in the home would 
strengthen a love for religious worship 
and would form a link between home 
and church. 

Mr. Joseph R. Wilson, the originator 
of this beautiful idea, and its enthusias- 
tic propagandist, was born September 6, 
1866, at Liverpool, England. His father 
was Joseph Wilson, senior partner in the 
firm of J. and R. Wilson, shipowners, and 
his mother was Alary Amanda Victoria 
(Hawkes) Wilson. His education was 



obtained at Allsops Preparatory School, 
Holyoke, Cheshire, England ; Strathallan 
Hall, Douglas, Isle of Man; and at the 
University of Sydney, New South Wales. 
L;pon the death of his father in 1888, 
Mr. Wilson came to the United States 
and located in the city of Philadelphia, 
where he was for some time engaged in 
engineering work, and in scientific re- 
search in which he established a solid 
reputation by his original work. In 1896 
he became financial and railroad editor 
of the "Philadelphia Evening Bulletin," 
in which capacity he remained until 1898, 
when he entered the law office of Hamp- 
ton L. Carson as a student. In the fol- 
lowing year he entered the Law School 
of the University of Pennsylvania, from 
which he was graduated with the degree 
of LL.B., and was admitted to the bar 
in 1902. He at once began the practice 
of his profession, in which during the 
succeeding years he has achieved an un- 
usual degree of success. During his stu- 
dent days at the University he was 
chosen president of his law class for 
three successive years, and was president 
of the Miller Law Club of the University, 
and after his graduation was made chair- 
man of its advisory board, serving from 
1909 to 191 1. He has frequently been 
chosen as chairman of committees to 
receive distinguished guests of the 
University and recently was chairman 
of the Committee of the Trans-Atlan- 
tic Society of America which gave a 
notable farewell dinner to Ambassador 
Brj'ce. 

Mr. Wilson is a trustee of the Ameri- 
can Oncologic Hospital and chairman of 
its finance committee ; director of the 
Philadelphia Rescue Home; member of 
the American Academy of Political and 
Social Science, Trans-Atlantic of America 
(of which he has been one of the gover- 
nors since 1909), Permanent International 
Association of Navigation Congresses, 
Atlantic Deeper Waterways Association, 



575 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



National Municipal League, Historical 
Society of Pennsylvania, Public Educa- 
tion Association, National Geographical 
Society, Geographical Society of Philadel- 
phia, American University Extension So- 
ciety, Pennsylvania Arbitration and 
Peace Society, Philadelphia Bar Associa- 
tion, Law Association, Law Academy, 
Pennsylvania Law Association, and So- 
ciety of the Law Alumni of the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania, of which he is one 
of the board of managers. As a member 
of the Atlantic Deeper Waterways Asso- 
ciation he was a delegate to the National 
Congress of Harbors and Rivers held in 
Washington in 1909, 1910 and 1912. He 
is a thirty-second degree Mason, being a 
member of University Lodge, No. 610, F. 
and A. M., and the Philadelphia Consis- 
tory. He has twice served as national 
president of the Acacia fraternity, which 
draws its membership exclusively from 
college men who are Master Masons. In 
1908 he was a delegate from the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania Chapter to the grand 
conclave held at the University of Illi- 
nois, and there was elected grand presi- 
dent, to which office he was re-elected at 
the conclave held at the University of 
Pennsylvania the following year. He is 
an honorary member of the Harvard, 
Yale and Columbia chapters of this fra- 
ternity, and is a member of the Delta 
LTpsilon fraternity. Mr. Wilson's clubs 
are the University, Manufacturers', City 
Young Republicans', Houston, Yachts- 
men's, Overbrook Golf, Church and 
Scranton. He is also a life member of 
the Cosmopolitan Club of the University 
of Pennsylvania. 

He was married, in 1890, to Miss Cora 
Irene Shaw, daughter of the late Thomas 
Shaw, of Shawmont, Pennsylvania, and 
has four children — Mary Michelet, John 
Hawkes, Sidney Violet and Cora B. H. 
Wilson. His residence is at Overbrook, 
Pennsylvania, and during the summer at 
Sea Side Park, New Jersey. 



576 



CALDWELL, John, 

Mannfaotnrer, Financier. 

In contemplating the splendor of the 
last half century of Pittsburgh's exist- 
ence we are, perhaps, not sufficiently 
mindful of her earlier history and of the 
pioneers who made it. Seventy-five and 
one hundred years ago there were in that 
city men whose work and influence raised 
her to the rank of the metropolis of Penn- 
sylvania, and among these stalwart busi- 
ness men of the olden time none played 
a more useful or honorable part than did 
the late John Caldwell, a pioneer tanner 
and lumber dealer, and officially con- 
nected with a number of the leading in- 
dustrial concerns and financial institu- 
tions of the Pittsburgh of that day. Mr. 
Caldwell was also actively and promi- 
nently identified with the political and 
religious life of his home city. 

John Caldwell was born, 1790, at New- 
tonlimavady, County Londonderry, Ire- 
land, and was a son of James and Sarah 
(Wilson) Caldwell, who were of Scotch 
ancestry. In 1804, his wife being de- 
ceased, James Caldwell emigrated to the 
United States, bringing with him John, 
his only child, then a lad of fourteen. 
Mr. Caldwell settled in Pittsburgh, where 
he engaged in the tanning business. After 
his death, which occurred a year or two 
later, the boy was sent to Philadelphia, 
where he was apprenticed to a tanner and 
currier, acquiring a thorough knowledge 
of the business in all its branches. 

On his return to Pittsburgh Mr. Cald- 
well took charge of the business estab- 
lished by his father and conducted it suc- 
cessfully until the period of his retire- 
ment, his last tannery being situated at 
the upper end of Allegheny. He also en- 
gaged, with profitable results, in the lum- 
ber industry. For many years Mr. Cald- 
well presented to the community the ex- 
ample of a man whose energy and in- 
tegrity not only helped to develop the 




/in O^'/u/d^f U 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



trade and commerce of his city but gave 
it an enviable reputation for fair dealing 
and honorable methods. As a citizen Mr. 
Caldwell demonstrated his public spirit 
by actual services which advanced the 
prosperity and wealth of the community. 
He was one of the first trustees of the 
Pittsburgh Gas Company, and for many 
years was a director in the Bank of Pitts- 
burgh. He was also a stockholder in the 
first Allegheny bridge and a director of 
the Monongahela Bridge Company. To 
whatever he undertook he gave his whole 
soul, allowing none of the many interests 
intrusted to his care to suffer for want of 
close and able attention and industry. 

Politically, Mr. Caldwell was first a 
Whig, and afterward a Republican. He 
took an intelligent and intense interest in 
public affairs, and his rapidity of judg- 
ment enabled him, in the midst of inces- 
sant business activity, to give, on ques- 
tions of moment, counsel of genuine value. 
In 1815 he was one of the five selectmen 
of the borough of Pittsburgh, and after 
a city charter was secured became a 
member of the council and a director of 
the public schools of the First Ward, 
where he lived. He was an earnest mem- 
ber of the Presbyterian church. 

This liberal, clear-headed manufacturer 
represented a type the value of which, to 
Pittsburgh or to any other city, it is im- 
possible to estimate. Every man, from 
the merchant prince down to the toiling 
laborer, receives benefit from them. Es- 
pecially is this true in the case of a man 
like Mr. Caldwell, who strikingly demon- 
strated the fact in his attitude toward his 
employees. Never did he fall into the 
grave error of regarding them merely as 
parts of a great machine, but, on the con- 
trary, his recognition of their individual- 
ity and readiness to reward with promo- 
tion their efficient service won for him 
their warm and loyal attachment. Of fine 
personal appearance and of a genial and 
sympathetic nature, Mr. Caldwell was a 



man who made friends easily and held 
them long. His fidelity was never ques- 
tioned. He was a man who kept his word 
absolutely. 

Mr. Caldwell married, in 1812, Letitia, 
daughter of William and Ann (Cann) 
Anderson, who came from the neighbor- 
hood of Belfast, Ireland ; of their thirteen 
children ten arrived at maturity. These 
were: Mary, Agnes, Kate, James, Nelly 
G., Sarah Ann ; William, a sketch and 
portrait of whom appear elsewhere in this 
work ; John, Letitia ; and Charles L., who 
died June 2, 1889. All these children are 
now deceased with the exception of Le- 
titia, who became the wife of James 
Holmes, and is now the sole survivor of 
these ten brothers and sisters. She is a 
woman of great intelligence and most 
charitable disposition, and enjoys the cor- 
dial attachment of a large circle of friends. 

One of the most marked features in 
the character of John Caldwell was the 
strength of his domestic affections. In 
his wife, who was one of those rare 
women presenting the combination of per- 
fect womanliness and domesticity with 
an unerring judgment, he found not alone 
a charming companion but a trusted con- 
fidante. Both Mr. and Mrs. Caldwell were 
essentially home-lovers and delighted in 
entertaining their friends. 

The death of Mr. Caldwell deprived 
Pittsburgh of a man who possessed a 
high order of business ability and whose 
public spirit was such that he never ne- 
glected, in advancing individual prosper- 
ity, to promote the progress and welfare 
of the community. His public and pri- 
vate life were alike free from the slight- 
est blemish and he possessed the absolute 
confidence and highest esteem of his fel- 
low-citizens. To her business men of the 
early decades of the nineteenth century 
Pittsburgh owes an immense and never- 
to-be-forgotten debt of gratitude. Many of 
them belonged to the aggressive and in- 
domitable Scotch-Irish race. Of this 



577 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



number was John Caldwell. His work 
and influence bore the stamp of his ances- 
tral traits and his name lives with honor 
in the annals of his adopted city. 



FAIRLAMB, John Franklin, 
Railroad Official. 

The emigrant ancestor of the Fairlamb 
family in Chester county, Pennsylvania, 
was Nicholas Fairlamb, who brought a 
certificate from Friends of Stockton, in 
county Durham, England. This certifi- 
cate was dated 6 mo. 13, 1700, or Au- 
gust 13, 1700, and he is supposed to have 
arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, a 
few weeks later, or in the autumn of that 
year. He went to Middletown, Chester 
county, where he settled for some years, 
probably; and then resided at Chester, 
where he was clerk of the Friends' 
Monthly Meeting for several years, and 
an overseer of the Chester Meeting. He 
served as a member of Assembly from 
Chester county in 1704-06; again, 171 1- 
14; and was high sheriflf of Chester, now 
Delaware, county, 1716-18, in which ca- 
pacity he seized lands under an execution 
granted by the court, August 30, 1717, 
and sold the same to David Lloyd, of 
Chester, by deed of February 24. 1717-18, 
for land in Upper Uwchlan township, 
Chester county. His name is on the as- 
sessment list for Chester in 1715; and 
March i, 1711, he and his wife joined in 
deed executed by Richard Crosby and 
wife Eleanor to William Pennell, for 275 
acres of land in Middletown township, 
Chester county, Pennsylvania. He mar- 
ried, in 1703, Katherine, daughter of 
Richard and Eleanor Crosby, of Middle- 
town; and had six children, namely: i. 
Mary Fairlamb. born 7 mo. 19, 1705; 
married John Tomlinson. 2. Samuel 
Fairlamb, born 10 mo. 20, 1707, died 5 
,mo. 20, 1708. 3. Katherine Fairlamb, 
born 4 mo. 8, 1709; married Joseph Tom- 
linson. 4. Hannah Fairlamb, born 8 mo. 



19, 1711; married John Hurford. 5. John 
Fairlamb, of whom more hereafter. 6. 
Eleanor Fairlamb, married, 4 mo. 23, 
1743, Caleb Harrison. 

John Fairlamb, son of Nicholas and 
Katherine (Crosby) Fairlamb, was born 
in Chester county, Pennsylvania, about 
1714. He was a member of the Assembly 
for Chester county; high sheriff; and a 
justice of the Court of Common Pleas in 
Chester county. He died there in 1766, 
leaving a surviving widow and nine chil- 
dren. He married Susanna, daughter of 
Frederick and Ann (Cloud) Engle, 11 
mo. 13, 1742-3, probably in Chester, 
Pennsylvania. She married (second) 
Robert Pennell. Issue of Susanna (En- 
gle) Fairlamb : Nicholas Fairlamb : Fred- 
erick Fairlamb, of whom more hereafter; 
Samuel Fairlamb ; John Fairlamb ; Cath- 
erine Fairlamb ; Ann Fairlamb ; Susanna 
Fairlamb ; Eleanor Fairlamb ; Mary Fair- 
lamb. 

Frederick Fairlamb, son of John and 
Susanna Fairlamb, was born in 1745, and 
died May 12, 1826, aged eighty years 
nine months twenty-eight days. He was 
a shoemaker by trade, but employed 
journeymen to work for him, doing little 
of the actual work himself. During the 
later years of his life he followed farm- 
ing, and owned land in IMiddletown town- 
ship, Delaware county, Pennsylvania, 
which he devised to his sons Robert and 
William ; also other lands in Mercer 
county, Pennsylvania, and in Randolph 
county, Virginia, which he gave to his 
sons Robert and Joseph. His homestead 
was in the southern part of Middletown 
township, and he, with his family, at- 
tended the Chester Meeting of Friends. 
He married Mary, daughter of Robert 
and Hannah (Chamberlain) Pennell, De- 
cember 10, 1767, at the Middletown 
Monthly Meeting of Friends, Delaware 
county, Pennsylvania. She was born 
January 12, 1747-8, in Middletown; died 
there November 20, 1818; and had issue. 



578 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



nine children, namely: i. John Fairlamb, 
who died young, or unmarried. 2. Robert 
Fairlamb, born July 31, 1770; married 
Mary Harry, and died October 10, 1841. 
3. Hannah Fairlamb, married Elias En- 
gle. 4. William Fairlamb, born January 
2, 1777; married Elizabeth Walter, and 
died March 12, 1850. 5. Joseph Fairlamb, 
of whom more hereafter. 6. Susanna 
Fairlamb, born April 13, 1782, died Au- 
gust 18, 1853 ; married Nathaniel Walker. 
7. Nicholas Fairlamb. born April 6, 1784; 
married Mary Walter, and died July 4, 
1854. 8. Ann Fairlamb, born February 
5, 1786, died February 2, 1864; married 
Joseph Hannum. 9. Mary P. Fairlamb, 
born December 16, 1788, died March 20, 
1832 ; married Jesse Walter. 

Joseph Fairlamb, son of Frederick and 
Mary (Pennell) Fairlamb, was born Oc- 
tober 2, 1779, in Middletown township, 
Delaware county, Pennsylvania. He was 
brought up on his father's farm, himself 
a farmer, who resided on a farm adjoin- 
ing his father's homestead in Middle- 
town, Delaware county. He died there 
March 17, 1842, and was buried at the 
Chester Meeting house. He married Sid- 
ney, daughter of Thomas and Hannah 
(Evans) Vernon, of Delaware county, in 
1814. She was born October 12, 1794, 
died May 27, 1880, at the residence of 
her son, Alfred Fairlamb, and was buried 
in the Chester Rural Cemetery. Issue of 
Sidney (Vernon) Fairlamb: i. Thomas 
V. Fairlamb, born December 24, 1814; 
married Margaret Patterson, and died in 
1850. 2. Robert Fairlamb, born Septem- 
ber 4, 1816: married Lydia J. Haslett, 
and died July 20, 1880. 3. Samuel E. 
Fairlamb, born October 9, 1818; married 
Frances Kreider. 4. Nathaniel V. Fair- 
lamb, born October 21, 1820; married 
Mary Ellen McClure. 5. Henry V. Fair- 
Iamb, born November 23, 1822; married 
Jane Kee. 6. Frederick Fairlamb, born 
February 14, 1825 ; married M. Malvina 
Patterson, and died December 26, 1878. 



7. Charles Fairlamb, of whom more here- 
after. 8. Isaiah Heston Fairlamb, born 
October 31, 1829, died in February, 1863, 
unmarried. 9. Sidney Fairlamb, born 
December 19, 1831, died December 21, 
1831. ID. Joseph Fairlamb, twin with 
preceding; married (first) Sarah T. 
Broomall, (second) Mary Strickland. 11. 
Humphrey A. Fairlamb, born February 
5, 1833 ; served in Pennsylvania volun- 
teers in the Civil War; married Mary El- 
len Madgin, and left issue. 12. Alfred 
Fairlamb, born September 9, 1835 : was a 
soldier in one of the Pennsylvania volun- 
teer regiments in the Civil War ; married 
Lydia M. Slater, died November 5, 1880, 
and left issue. 13. Catherine Fairlamb, 
born December 21, 1837; was living in 
1913, unmarried. 14. Harrison Fairlamb, 
born May 9, 1841 ; married Elizabeth 
Woodrow, and lived at Wilmington, 
Delaware. 

Charles Fairlamb, son of Joseph and 
Sidney (Vernon) Fairlamb, was born 
April 20, 1827, in Middletown township, 
Delaware county, Pennsylvania. He was 
brought up on his father's farm, and re- 
ceived such education as was afforded in 
the public schools of his native county. 
He lived in Upper Providence township, 
near Media, for some years, then farmed 
a place belonging to J. Edgar Thomson, 
in Springfield township, from i860 to 
1867, and removed from thence to Ches- 
ter, Pennsylvania. He held the oflSce of 
school director in Middletown and 
Springfield townships for many years. 
He married Mary Craig Vanleer, daugh- 
ter of John and Jane (Craig) Vanleer, of 
Middletown township. May 11, 1853, at 
Chester, Delaware county, Pennsylvania. 
She was born July 14. 1823, in Providence 
township, died May 26, 1864, in Spring- 
field township, Delaware county, Penn- 
sylvania, and is descended from John 
George and Mary Von Lohr, who were 
the ancestors of the Vanleer family in 
Pennsylvania. They emigrated from the 



579 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Electorate of Hesse, at or near Isenberg, 
in 1797, bringing with them their chil- 
dren, among whom was Bernhardus or 
Bernhard Van Leer, who later became a 
noted physician in Philadelphia, married 
twice, had fourteen children, and died 
January 26, 1790, aged one hundred and 
four years. Children of Mary Craig Van- 
leer and Charles Fairlamb: i. Margaretta 
V. Fairlamb, born March 25, 1854, in 
Delaware county, Pennsylvania, died in 
1876, aged forty-two years. 2. John 
Franklin Fairlamb, of whom more here- 
after. 3. Mary Fairlamb, born November 
I/' 1857, died same day. 4. Emma V. 
Fairlamb, born November i, 1859, died 
January 26, 1883, unmarried. 

John Franklin Fairlamb, son of Charles 
and Mary Craig (Vanleer) Fairlamb, was 
born November 12, 1855, in Middletown 
township, near Media Post Office, Dela- 
ware county, Pennsylvania. He received 
such education as was aflforded by the 
public schools of Delaware county, Penn- 
sylvania, and took a course at Chester 
Academy, at Chester, Pennsylvania. Soon 
after leaving school he secured a position 
as clerk in the office of the Pennsylvania 
Railroad Company in Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania. In 1884 he was employed by 
the New York Central & Hudson River 
Railroad Company in New York, and has 
served that company in various positions 
of trust for some thirty years. In 1910 
he became auditor of miscellaneous ac- 
counts, which position in 1913 he still 
held. 

He married Olivia Smillie Moore, 
daughter of John G. and Elizabeth (Lip- 
pincott) Moore, April 27, 1886, in Phila- 
delphia, Pennsylvania. She was born 
May, i860, in Bucks county, Pennsyl- 
vania, and has issue: i. Martha Moore 
Fairlamb, born July 27, 1887, in Newark, 
New Jersey. 2. Margaret Fairlamb, born 
July 26, 1892, at Yonkers, New York. 3. 
John Franklin Fairlamb, born in January, 
1901, and died the same year. 



From about 1872 to 1876, while still 
residing in Delaware county, Pennsyl- 
vania, Mr. Fairlamb was a member of 
Company B, 6th Infantry Regiment, 
Pennsylvania National Guard, and at- 
tained the rank of sergeant. He is presi- 
dent of the Railroad Building and Loan 
Association, of New York, and a member 
of the Transportation Club of New York 
City. 



CARNAHAN, Jay Wilson, 

Manufacturer, Man of AfFalra. 

For forty years there were few busi- 
ness men in Pittsburgh better known or 
more highly respected than the late Jay 
Wilson Carnahan, whose extensive boot 
and shoe establishment in Market street 
constituted, during the latter half of the 
nineteenth century, one of the mercantile 
landmarks of the city. Mr. Carnahan, 
during his long residence in Pittsburgh, 
was identified not only with her business 
interests but with her political, social and 
religious life. 

Jay Wilson Carnahan was born Janu- 
ary 30, 1828, in Westmoreland county, 
Pennsylvania, and was the youngest of 
the seven children of Thomas and Mary 
(Kinley) Carnahan. His education was 
received in schools of the neighborhood, 
and in early life he removed to Pitts- 
burgh. In the early 50's he crossed the 
plains to California and Oregon in search 
of health, and after an absence of three or 
four years returned by the Nicaragua 
route. After some time spent in various 
employments, he engaged in 1856 in the 
boot and shoe business, his establishment 
being situated in Market street, and there, 
to the close of his life, he conducted a 
flourishing trade, making for himself a 
place among the best and most successful 
merchants of the Iron City. In his busi- 
ness career capable management, unfal- 
tering enterprise and a spirit of justice 
were well-balanced factors, every depart- 



580 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ment being carefully systematized in or- 
der to avoid all needless expenditure of 
time, material and labor. He was far too 
kindly and fairminded a man ever to make 
the serious mistake of regarding his em- 
ployees merely as parts of a great ma- 
chine, but, on the contrary, he recognized 
their individuality, making it a rule that 
faithful and efficient service should be 
promptly rewarded with promotion as op- 
portunity offered. He was a director for 
many years of the Diamond National 
Bank, of the National Casket Company, 
and connected with several other banks 
and corporations, in all of which he was 
quite active. 

In all things pertaining to the welfare 
of his home city Mr. Carnahan's interest 
was deep and sincere, and wherever sub- 
stantial aid would further public progress 
it was freely given. A Democrat in poli- 
tics, he could never be induced to accept 
office, but ever gave loyal support to all 
measures which he deemed calculated to 
promote the best interests of Pittsburgh. 
He was affiliated with the Masonic fra- 
ternity, being a member of Pittsburgh 
Commandery No. i, Knights Templar, 
and a thirty-second degree ]Mason. Ever 
ready to respond to any deserving call 
made upon him, he was widely but un- 
ostentatiously charitable. He gave to a 
number of institutions the support of his 
influence and means, and was an active 
member of Emory Methodist Episcopal 
Church, and for years one of its board 
of trustees. 

Among the leading characteristics of 
Mr. Carnahan was indomitable persever- 
ance, combined with unfailing self-re- 
liance, unusual capacity for judging the 
motives and merits of men, and integrity 
which was never questioned. These ster- 
ling qualities were strongly imprinted on 
his countenance, which was also expres- 
sive of the genial disposition which sur- 
rounded him with loyal friends. His man- 
ner was alert and decisive, but invariably 



courteous, showing him to be what he 
was — an able, aggressive business man 
and a true gentleman. 

Mr. Carnahan married (first) Malvina, 
daughter of John Christian and Caroline 
(von Westphalen) Schmertz. Child by 
this marriage : William E. Carnahan, a 
prominent business man of Pittsburgh, 
who married Melissa Stewart, daughter 
of the late Frederick and Melissa P. Mc- 
Kee; he was associated with his father in 
the shoe business for the last twenty- 
eight years of his father's life, and has 
been for some years director and actively 
connected with the National Casket Com- 
pany, of which he is now chairman of its 
finance committee. Mr. Carnahan mar- 
ried (second) Anne Greer, daughter of 
Samuel and Anne (Thompson) Greer, of 
Pittsburgh. Child by this marriage: Miss 
Carrie Jay Carnahan. Mr. Carnahan mar- 
ried (third) Matilda J. Greer, sister of 
his second wife. Children by this mar- 
riage : Ella M. ; Harry H. H., deceased ; 
and Bessie G., deceased. 

It was at his own fireside that Mr. Car- 
nahan passed his happiest hours, his do- 
mestic affections being of uncommon 
strength, and he was devoted to his home 
and family. Mrs. Carnahan and the 
Misses Carnahan are popular in Pitts- 
burgh society and are active in charitable 
enterprises. 

The death of Air. Carnahan, which oc- 
curred September 7, 1894, deprived Pitts- 
burgh of one of her foremost citizens and 
most respected business men. Honorable 
in purpose, fearless in conduct, and of 
stainless character in every relation of 
life, he presented to the community an ex- 
ample worthy of emulation. His every 
action was in accordance with the highest 
principles, he fulfilled to the letter every 
trust committed to him and was generous 
in his feelings and conduct toward all. 
The career of Jay Wilson Carnahan fur- 
nishes a striking instance of the effective- 
ness of quiet force when combined with 



581 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



unblemished character. Both as business 
man and citizen he contributed to the up- 
building and strengthening of the ele- 
ments essential to the life and well-being 
of his community, and Pittsburgh to-day 
holds his memory in honor. 



BROWN, Dickson Queen, 

Man of Affairs, Financier. 

Dickson Queen Brown, whose busi- 
ness address is at No. ii Broadway, New 
York City, has shown an amount of ex- 
ecutive ability and business acumen in 
the various important and extensive en- 
terprises with which he has been con- 
nected, which would have done honor to 
a man greatly his senior in point of years. 
His reputation for business sagacity and 
foresight shows that the time spent dur- 
ing his earlier years in acquiring this 
knowledge was not spent in vain. 

The Brown family from which Dick- 
son Queen Brown is descended, settled 
in Venango county, Pennsylvania, very 
early in the nineteenth century. They 
are undoubtedly descended from Colonial 
ancestry who located in the State of 
Pennsylvania at an early date. Venango 
county is in the region of the vast petro- 
leum oil discoveries in the early days of 
the petroleum industry, and it was but 
natural that the ambitious men of that 
time should become closely identified 
with what promised to become so im- 
portant an enterprise. 

Samuel Queen Brown was one of those 
whose grasp of this new field of industry 
was of a most comprehensive nature. 
He was born at Pleasantville, Venango 
county, Pennsylvania, in 1835. His ear- 
lier education was acquired at Allegheny 
College, from which he was graduated in 
1853. He received from Princeton Col- 
lege, New Jersey, the degree of A.M. in 
1871. He was successfully engaged in 
business as a merchant when he became, 
interested in the petroleum production of 



that section of Pennsylvania, and after 
a time engaged in the banking business 
in that vicinity. Still later he became an 
oil producer. For a period of fifteen 
years he served as a commissioner of the 
Second Geological Survey of Pennsyl- 
vania. He achieved a reputation as an 
organizer, among the corporations which 
he was instrumental in successfully 
launching being: The Tide Water Pipe 
and Oil Company ; the Tide Water Pipe 
Company, of which he became president ; 
the Tide Water Oil Company; and the 
Associated Producers Company. During 
the later years of his life he resided in 
Philadelphia and New York City. He 
was a member of the Pennsylvania So- 
ciety of New York, and of the Union 
League and National Arts clubs. His 
death occurred in New York, October 
5, 1910. Mr. Brown married Nancy 
Lamb, who was born in 1842, and now 
resides in the city of New York ; she is 
a daughter of John Lamb, of Pleasant- 
ville, Pennsylvania. Children : Dickson 
Queen Brown, of whom further; Louise, 
born at Pleasantville, Pennsylvania, in 
1871, married James D. Voorhees; Flor- 
ence King, born in Pleasantville, Penn- 
sylvania, 1876; Margery, born in Phila- 
delphia, in 1881. 

Dickson Queen Brown, son of Samuel 
Queen and Nancy (Lamb) Brown, was 
born at Pleasantville, Pennsylvania, April 
2. 1873. Private schools in Philadelphia 
furnished his early education, and from 
them he went to Phillips Exeter Acad- 
emy, Exeter, New Hampshire, from 
which institution he was graduated in 
the class of 1891. He then matriculated 
at Princeton University, from which he 
was graduated in the class of 1895, the 
degree of Bachelor of Arts being con- 
ferred upon him. The Massachusetts In- 
stitute of Technology was the next scene 
of his studies, and there he made a special 
study of electrical engineering, being 
graduated in 1898 with the degree of 



582 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Bachelor of Sciences. An entire year was 
also spent at the Royal Technical Hoch 
Schule at Charlottenburg, Berlin, Ger- 
many. 

Equipped with this unusually thorough 
theoretical training, he applied himself 
to the development of the petroleum oil 
properties owned by his father, and hav- 
ing practically mastered every detail of 
this enterprise, he continued along these 
lines. As president and director of the 
Okla Oil Company, he developed this im- 
portant property to the utmost, and was 
closely identified with the various proper- 
ties of his father until the death of the 
latter. Subsequently he became president 
and director of the Associated Producers 
Oil Company; second vice-president and 
director of the Tide Water Oil Company ; 
secretary and director of the Tide Water 
Pipe Company, Limited ; and a director 
of the American Oil Company, the East 
Jersey Railroad and Terminal Company, 
the Magnetic Iron Ore Company, the 
Piatt and Washburn Refining Company, 
the Pontiac Mining Company, and the 
Campbell Art Company. 

Socially he is identified with a num- 
ber of organizations, among them being 
the following: Sigma Chi college frater- 
nity; the American Society of Mechanical 
Engineers, the American Institute of 
Electrical Engineers, the Pennsylvania 
Society of New York, the Automobile 
Club of America, West Side Tennis Club, 
Apawamis Club, Teger Inn Club of 
Princeton, Camp Fire Club, University 
Club, New York Club, Princeton Club of 
New Jersey, Technology Club and the 
Engineers' Club of New York. In politi- 
cal matters he is a Republican, and his 
religious affiliations are with the Presby- 
terian Church of which he is a member. 
The most salient points in the life history 
of Mr. Brown have been marked by per- 
sistent industry, commendable enterprise 
and unwavering honor, qualities which 
have most naturally secured for him an 



unassailable position in the respect and 
esteem of his fellow men. 



REGISTER, Henry C, D.D.S., M.D., 

Soldier, Clinical Instructor, Anthor, 
Inventor. 

Dr. Henry Carney Register, whose 
opinions in the field of dentistry are 
largely accepted as authority, and his 
work as standard, for he is today one of 
the eminent representatives of the profes- 
sion of dentistry in the city of Philadel- 
phia, was born in Newcastle, Delaware, 
August i8, 1844. He is of English de- 
scent, his ancestors having come to 
America from England with John Penn, 
preceding the advent of William Penn. 
All were Quakers, and in successive gen- 
erations the members of the Register 
family were stock farmers and millers. 
Jeremiah Register, who was one of the 
first of the family born in America, pur- 
chased a farm in Kent county, Delaware, 
about 1747. He died in 1773. Isaac Reg- 
ister, the youngest son of Jeremiah Regis- 
ter, was born October 3, 1765, and died 
November 19, 1815. He was a teacher 
and farmer. At the age of twenty-five 
years he married Mary Ann Hatfield, and 
they had four children — Eliza B., Mary 
C, Eliza Ann, and Isaac Hatfield. 

Isaac H. Register, father of Dr. Henry 
C. Register, a business man now de- 
ceased, married Mary Ann Carney, 
daughter of John Carney, of Scotch de- 
scent, who was an American soldier dur- 
ing the Revolutionary War, and was 
present at the surrender of Cornwallis. 
Mrs. Register died in 1856. This union 
was blessed with four children — I. Lay- 
ton, Henr}^ C, John E. and Dora Layton. 
I. Layton Register, who resided in Phila- 
delphia, was the general and financial 
agent of the Equitable Life Insurance 
Company. 

Dr. Register acquired his literary edu- 
cation in Newcastle, Delaware, and Elk- 



583 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ton, Maryland. In 1861 he enlisted for 
a term of three years as a private and 
non-commissioned officer in the Union 
army, with the Fifth Regiment, Mary- 
land Volunteer Infantry, but on account 
of ill health was mustered out after about 
two years' service. Following the close 
of his military experience he took up the 
study of dentistry and was graduated 
with the degree of D.D.S. from the Penn- 
sylvania Dental College, in 1866. Imme- 
diately afterward he located for practice 
at Milford, Delaware, where he remained 
until 1870, when he came to Philadelphia, 
where he has since successfully practiced 
his profession. Upon removing to that 
city he also took up the study of medi- 
cine, for the better understanding of the 
scientific principles of dentistry, and was 
graduated with the degree of M.D. from 
Jefferson Medical College in 1872. He is 
greatly devoted to the science which en- 
gages his attention, and from the begin- 
ning has considered the profession a 
scientific and not merely mechanical one. 
He believes in treating the cause and not 
the effects of dental ailments, and be- 
lieves also that a dentist should know as 
far as possible the scientific principles of 
all that pertains to or affects the mouth. 
He has been a close student of stomatol- 
ogy and the pathology of the mouth, and 
his research has enabled him to give to 
the profession many scientific facts of 
recognized value. 

For many years Dr. Register was iden- 
tified with the Philadelphia Dental Col- 
lege, the Pennsylvania Dental College, 
and the University of Pennsylvania den- 
tal department as a clinical instructor, and 
he has always been a contributor to the 
current literature of the profession. Some 
of the more important papers that have 
come from the pen of Dr. Register are: 
"Oral Antisepsis, its Prophylactic Influ- 
ence upon Local and General Diseases," 
"Clinical Observations on Dental Caries 
and Pyorrhoea Alveolaris, with Reference 



to Treatment," "Pneumatic Influences in 
Relation to the Prevention and Treat- 
ment of Oral and Tooth Diseases," "The 
Physico-Prosthetic Crown and Bridge, 
with Reference to Fundamentals," and 
"The Interrelationship of Medicine and 
Dentistry." The last mentioned subject 
deals with a matter which Dr. Register 
has always considered to be of the great- 
est importance, namely: that, in order to 
be a thoroughly competent practitioner 
in the field of dentistry, one should have 
a complete knowledge of medicine. He 
has not only been a living example of his 
belief from the beginning of his profes- 
sional career, but has lived to see his 
views take practical form, for today, and 
for some years past, most of the govern- 
ments of Europe have made it compul- 
sory that a course in dentistry should be 
supplemented with a knowledge of medi- 
cine. And more recently, our own coun- 
try has awakened to the importance of 
this matter, and the State of Virginia has 
already passed a law similar to those 
abroad. Other States will undoubtedly 
follow the example of Virginia, and this 
movement will certainly have much to do 
toward stamping out the rank commer- 
cialism which has prevailed these many 
years. 

Dr. Register has served as president of 
the Academy of Stomatology and the 
Pennsylvania State Dental Society, and 
is also a member of the Philadelphia Den- 
tal Club and the Philadelphia Stoma- 
tological Club. His practice has largely 
been along the lines of dental pathology, 
in which he has combined the knowledge 
of a scholar with the efficient workman- 
ship of a skilled mechanician. Notwith- 
standing the keen interest he has taken in 
the advancement of dental science, he is 
probably best known for the mechanical 
inventions which he has given to the pro- 
fession, and for which he has never 
sought or received any pecuniary com- 
pensation. He is the inventor of the 



584 




i//i3fyl-.C<*/J^^ 



/v^^^*^^e«t ^^j^.Yy- 



/?^ k 



'0^:^^>ny 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



fountain cuspidor, a movable device with 
flexible supply and waste tubes, which 
has enormous sales. He is also the in- 
ventor of the Register dental engine, a 
machine involving much intricacy of de- 
tail, all worked out to the highest state 
of perfection and practicability. His skill 
has also produced the Register hand 
piece, as well as other devices, and his 
latest contribution in this line is the Reg- 
ister air compressor for using either hot 
or cold water for dehydrating purposes, 
and also for atomizing. This, too, is re- 
garded as a masterpiece of scientific 
mechanism. 

On January loth, 1878, Dr. Register 
was married in Philadelphia to Miss Sita 
Bartol, a daughter of Barnabas H. Bartol, 
a very prominent Philadelphian of his day. 
They have one daughter and two sons : 
Florence, wife of Henry A. Dalley, for- 
merly of New York City, but now a resi- 
dent of Ardmore, Pennsylvania ; Layton 
Bartol, a graduate of the science and law 
department of the University of Penn- 
sylvania, and now engaged in the study 
of international law in connection with 
the University of Pennsylvania ; and H. 
Bartol, who is a graduate of the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania, having completed 
courses in classics and architecture. 
There are a grandson, Allen Register 
Dalley; and granddaughter, Sita R. Dal- 
ley. The family residence is in Gray's 
Lane, Haverford. 

Dr. Register is a member of Gen. 
George G. Meade Post, No. i, G. A. R., 
and of the Pennsylvania Historical So- 
ciety; and also belongs to the Philadel- 
phia Art Club and the Merion Cricket 
Club. Those who know him more inti- 
mately, know him to be a man of a most 
engaging personality. In professional 
circles he has gained distinction and 
honor, because his work has been a force- 
ful element in that progress that has par- 
ticularly characterized the dental profes- 
sion in the last quarter of a century. 



MAIN, William, 
Mining Engineer, Chemist, Metallnrgist. 

The paternal grandfather of Air. Wil- 
liam Main was Mr. Andrew Main, orig- 
inally from Glasgow, Scotland, but for 
many years a shipping merchant in Lon- 
don. His wife was Alice Bone, daughter 
of an old English family of that name in 
one of the interior counties of England. 
Experiencing a reverse of fortune during 
a period of financial depression during the 
latter part of the i8th century, Mr. Main 
brought his family to New York, with 
whose merchants he had carried on a 
somewhat extensive business, having 
helped to make the fortunes of some who 
afterward became prominent. He brought 
with him his two elder children, Andrew 
and Mary, who afterward died unmarried. 
Two sons were born in New York City, 
William, father of the subject of this 
sketch ; and Alexander. William was 
born in 1797, in a house then standing 
on Barclay street, and the younger son, 
the late Alexander Main (afterward treas- 
urer of the Erie railroad), on Warren 
street. 

The mother, Alice (Bone) Main, was 
a woman of remarkably clear intellect 
and well-balanced character and no less 
remarkable physically. She did not have 
a gray hair until her seventieth year, 
and retained every faculty until her death 
at the age of 94. Her youngest son, 
Alexander, was born during her fiftieth 
year, and lived to the age of 84. 

William Main (senior) developed ar- 
tistic ability and was sent to Italy, where 
he remained several years studying art. 
LTpon his return he affiliated naturally 
with artistic and literary circles, and in 
1827 was one of the founders of the Na- 
tional Academy of Design, now the lead- 
ing institution of its kind in America. 
He enjoyed the friendship of such men 
as Washington Irving; James Smillie 
(senior), the well-known engraver; the 



585 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



artist, Professor Weir, of West Point; 
and others. With his elder brother An- 
drew he was an officer in the crack mili- 
tary company of New York, and assisted 
in the reception to Lafayette during his 
last visit to America. With his younger 
brother Alexander he was of material aid 
in obtaining the funds for the founding 
of the Mercantile Library of New York. 
Although Mr. Main's work was highly 
rated by his brother artists, he preferred 
the less sedentary profession of civil en- 
gineering; and, in those early days of 
railroad building, was employed in locat- 
ing the Erie railroad through northeast- 
ern Pennsylvania, as well as the adjoin- 
ing portions of New York. Many of his 
maps and designs have been preserved 
as models of draftsmanship. It was dur- 
ing this work that he became acquainted 
with and married Ann Rose, eldest 
daughter of Dr. Robert Hutchinson Rose, 
of Susquehanna county, Pennsylvania, 
mother of the subject of this sketch. 

Dr. Robert H. Rose was born in 1776, 
in Chester county, Pennsylvania. His 
parents had come to this country before 
the Revolutionary War, his father being 
of Scotch birth and his mother from Dub- 
lin. Dr. Rose was liberally educated in 
Philadelphia, and, for the sake of having 
a profession, graduated from the Medical 
Department of the University of Penn- 
sylvania, although he never practised 
medicine. 

Dr. Rose was a man of musical and ar- 
tistic ability. Many of his water-color 
sketches, which have been preserved, 
show no small skill. He was a frequent 
contributor to the "Portfolio," a periodi- 
cal devoted to literature, and published in 
Philadelphia during the early part of the 
last century. He was also the author of a 
volume of poems entitled "Sketches in 
Verse." Dr. Rose was fond of hunting 
and adventure, and spent the greater part 
of 1799 in the wilderness now forming 
the States of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and 



Missouri. Much of this time was spent 
with the Indians. In 1800 he took a 
voyage, embarking in a merchant vessel 
bound for the Mediterranean. Near 
Gibraltar they were attacked by two 
pirate vessels, but, being armed, as mer- 
chant vessels usually were in those days, 
succeeded after a severe fight in beating 
the pirates off, although the ship was 
badly cut up and the captain mortally 
wounded. Two or three little trinkets 
which he gave at his death to Dr. Rose 
have been preserved in the family to this 
day. Having some knowledge of navi- 
gation, Dr. Rose was of assistance in 
bringing the ship into port, where some 
two months were required for refitting. 
Leghorn was reached in November, 1800. 
It is noteworthy that during this fight 
a British man-of-war lay within such a 
short distance that the nature of the 
battle must have been plainly evident. 
But memories of the Revolutionary War 
and the exploits of Paul Jones still 
rankled in the minds of British naval offi- 
cers, and the fate of a Yankee, even at 
such hands, was a matter of indifference, 
and no assistance was rendered. 

Dr. Rose was a friend of Colonel Tim- 
othy Pickering, who had been Secretary 
of State from 1795 to 1800. Meeting in 
the street one day in Philadelphia, Colonel 
Pickering, knowing Rose's fondness for 
hunting, asked for his company during 
a trip to Northern Pennsylvania, whither 
Colonel Pickering, as government agent, 
was then bound, in order to settle some 
questions pertaining to land titles and 
state boundary lines. This excursion was 
made about 1804 or 1805. Dr. Rose was 
so greatly pleased with the country that 
on February 18, 1809, he purchased a 
tract of 99,200 acres. This purchase cov- 
ered at least thirteen miles in extent on 
the State line. It was made from Anna, 
widow of Tench Francis, who bought of 
Elizabeth Jervis and John Peters, whose 
patent was obtained from the State in 



586 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1784. This tract was afterward greatly 
added to, covering 120,000 and finally 
140,000 acres. This region is elevated, 
much of it 1,600 to 1,800 feet above sea 
level, and studded with small lakes, 
which, without definite inlet, are fed al- 
most wholly by springs, furnishing the 
lakes with an outflow of clear water. The 
development of Susquehanna county was 
indebted to Dr. Rose probably more than 
to any other one man. He built mills 
and roads, and was instrumental in bring- 
ing in many settlers. He built what was 
then considered a palatial mansion on the 
borders of Silver Lake, where he kept 
open house for a circle of many cultured 
friends, mostly from Philadelphia. 

Dr. Rose died in 1842, in his 66th year, 
leaving a widow, three sons and four 
daughters. The Silver Lake mansion 
was burned in 1850, together with a li- 
brary of several thousand volumes and 
many curios which had been collected 
during foreign travel. Dr. Rose had 
married, in 1810, Jane Hodge, daughter 
of Andrew Hodge, of Philadelphia. Mr. 
Hodge served in the Revolutionary War 
and his wife, mother of Jane (Hodge) 
Rose, and great-grandmother of the sub- 
ject of this sketch, was the sister of 
Colonel William Ledyard, who was in 
command at Fort Griswold, and lost his 
life at its capture September, 1781. 

Ledyard, then on furlough at his home 
during the expected confinement of his 
wife, was at the time of the British de- 
scent placed in command of a hastily 
gathered force, mostly boys and old men. 
These undertook the defense of the fort, 
repelling two assaults and disabling near- 
ly two hundred of the assailants. Am- 
munition failing, the fort was finally 
taken by storm. Ledyard surrendered his 
sword to the British officer (a Tory, sad 
to say), who was so enraged by the ob- 
stinacy of the defense that he plunged the 
sword through Ledyard's body, killing 
him on the spot. A massacre of the gar- 



rison followed, after which many of the 
victims were piled into a cart which was 
started down the hill, upsetting at the 
foot, tumbling out the dead and dying. 
A nephew of Colonel Ledyard's, a mere 
boy, was among the missing. An old fe- 
male negro servant who had been many 
years in the service of the family, was 
determined to find her young master, 
whether dead or alive. She searched the 
field after dark with a lantern, and found 
him desperately wounded but still alive. 
He was nursed back to health, and after- 
ward studied medicine, which he prac- 
tised for many years. Ledyard's sister 
was, during these events, traveling by 
coach on her wedding journey with her 
husband toward their future home in 
Philadelphia. News of the fight and the 
murder overtook, and then preceded, them 
by courier. Mr. Hodge was obliged to 
get out at every stopping-place and hasten 
to warn those present that a sister of 
Colonel Ledyard's was in the coach and 
that she must not be allowed to hear the 
news before reaching Philadelphia. 

After the completion of the Erie rail- 
road, Mr. William Main (senior), the ar- 
tist and civil engineer (who, as before 
stated, had married Ann Rose), devoted 
himself to improved methods of agricul- 
ture on a farm on the borders of Quaker 
Lake, four miles from Silver Lake. The 
farm, originally part of the Rose tract, 
had been occupied by members of the 
Griffin family, several brothers and sis- 
ters of Gerald Griffin, the well-known 
Irish poet and novelist, having come to 
America, a part of them settling in Bing- 
liamton, New York. Five children were 
born during this residence at Quaker 
Lake to William and Ann (Rose) Main ; 
but in 1853 the family moved to Phila- 
delphia for the sake of the education of 
three of these children, Alice, William and 
Anna, two having died during infancy. 
The farm was retained for many years 
as a summer residence. 



587 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



William Main (senior) became treas- 
urer of the Presbyterian Board of Educa- 
tion in Philadelphia, in which office he 
continued for many years until near the 
time of his death, which took place in 
1876 during a temporary residence in 
London. His wife, Ann (Rose) Main, 
died in Brooklyn in 1898, in her eighty- 
seventh year. The eldest daughter 
(Alice) died in Philadelphia at the age 
of 20. The younger daughter (Anna) 
married George Giles, formerly of Vir- 
ginia. 

The son, William Main, whose life is 
sketched herein, was born at Silver Lake, 
in the old Rose mansion, February 10, 
1845. A niece of Gerald Griffin was his 
governess during his earliest years, as 
there was no suitable school in the coun- 
try ; but when his parents moved to Phil- 
adelphia in 1853 he was sent to a school 
on Market street, then conducted by Rev. 
Dr. Lyman Coleman, an author of several 
works pertaining to Biblical Literature, 
and afterward a professor in Lafayette 
College, Easton, Pennsylvania. 

Preparation for college was completed 
at the Chestnut Street Seminary. The 
freshman class of the University of Penn- 
sylvania was entered in September, 1859, 
at the age of fourteen, the usual classical 
course being taken. The University 
buildings then stood on Ninth street, be- 
tween Market and Chestnut, where the 
postoffice now stands. Professor John 
Frazer, then Professor of Chemistry and 
Physics in the University, told the class 
that he had found, after careful investi- 
gation, that there was little doubt that it 
was in a field at this place that Franklin 
flew his kite during that famous experi- 
ment. The Professor might have added 
that this spark drawn from the sky was 
prophetic of the inspiration to be drawn 
down by the institution afterward built 
on that spot. Scientific and mathemati- 
cal studies principally interested young 
Main, although he was honorably men- 



tioned in connection with a contest for 
a Latin prize. He became a member of 
the Philomathean Society. College work 
was interrupted in September, 1862, and 
during June and July, 1863, by services 
rendered during the Antietam and Gettys- 
burg campaigns as a member of Spencer 
Miller's Philadelphia Battery. 

When Lee, by a flank movement, suc- 
ceeded in evading for a time the main 
body of the Army of the Potomac it was 
partly his object to capture Harrisburg, 
the capital of Pennsylvania, and inter- 
rupt railroad communication eastward. 
For this purpose Ewell's corps was de- 
tached and sent up the Cumberland Val- 
ley. General Couch was in command of 
the Department of the Susquehanna, but 
the only troops immediately available 
for the emergency were the 8th and 71st 
New York State regiments, and Miller's 
Philadelphia Battery. This force, num- 
bering in all less than 1,000 men, was the 
first to reach Harrisburg. It was placed 
under the command of General Joseph 
Knipe, and sent by rail down to the Mary- 
land border. It was sent, as stated in in- 
structions to its commander, "for the pur- 
pose of holding the enemy in check, 
should he advance ; but under all circum- 
stances to avoid an engagement; but if 
pressed too hard to retire slowly and 
harass him as much as possible; the ob- 
ject being to give our forces at Harris- 
burg time to finish the fort and other de- 
fenses, and be in readiness to receive the 
enemy should he advance to that point." 
This called for a week of strenuous work, 
the programme being to put up as much 
of a bluff as possible during daylight 
hours, and retire quietly at night to some 
possibly defensible point a few miles in 
the rear. By June 28th this retreat had 
brought Knipe's brigade to about three 
miles south of Harrisburg. In the mean- 
time, however, reinforcements had ar- 
rived, rifle pits had been constructed, 
and guns placed on the slopes command- 



588 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ing the turnpike on which the rebels must 
advance. An abattis of felled trees, with 
sharpened branches directed forward, had 
also been prepared in order to furnish ad- 
ditional obstruction to a charge upon the 
fortification. No attack was made upon 
it, although during the 28th and 29th of 
June desultory skirmishing took place 
within a mile or two. At this time Lee, 
finding that he would be confronted with 
the Army of the Potomac further to the 
south, ordered Ewell's recall. Referring 
to the services of Knipe and his brigade, 
General Couch afterward said in a con- 
gratulatory order: "It was one of the 
most successful expeditions I have ever 
seen accomplished, according to the num- 
ber engaged in it, viz. : advancing fifty- 
two miles beyond all defenses and sup- 
port in case of an attack, and holding 
the enemy in check for a period of six 
days." Ewell, by forced marches, rejoined 
his chief in time to take part in the battle 
of Gettysburg. He was followed by the 
forces at Harrisburg, although not quick- 
ly enough to bring them into the battle. 
They met hundreds of paroled Union 
prisoners, captured by the rebels during 
the first day's fight. They gave most 
gloomy accounts of the prospects as they 
streamed backward through the mountain 
pass, kneedeep in mire. The guns were 
dragged through with difficulty, part of 
the time in midnight darkness, in order 
to be in time, as was supposed, to meet 
a possibly victorious enemy. But the 
Army of the Potomac was joined without 
hindrance, and no second great battle was 
fought, as might have been the case had 
Grant or Sheridan been in command. 

These incidents, pertaining to the ad- 
vance upon Harrisburg, have been noted 
because, although of interest in Pennsyl- 
vania history, they have been overlooked 
amid the greater events of that time. It 
has hardly been noticed that the north- 
ernmost point reached by a Confederate 
force in any State during the Civil War, 



was near the little hamlet of Oyster Point, 
among the Pennsylvania hills, some three 
miles southwest of Harrisburg. It was 
the northernmost spot at which a hostile 
shot was fired or a drop of blood spilt. 
Geographically speaking, it was the high- 
water mark of the rebellion ; although, of 
course, its mightiest surge was expended 
when, five days later, and thirty miles 
farther south, Pickett's charge broke 
against Cemetery Ridge. During these 
incidents William Main, then a lad of 
eighteen, served as a corporal in Miller's 
battery, being in charge of one of the rifle 
guns and of men much older than him- 
self. 

During his absence in 1863, William 
Main was graduated from the University 
of Pennsylvania, receiving the degree of 
A.B.; that of A.M. was granted three 
years later. During these three years he 
studied mine engineering and chemistry, 
receiving the degree of Mining Engineer 
in 1865 from the Polytechnic College of 
Pennsylvania, at that time located on 
Penn Square, Philadelphia, and one of 
the few technical schools then in the 
country. He continued the study of ana- 
lytical chemistry in the laboratory of Mr. 
Chas. P. Williams, until June, 1866. He 
then set out to practise his profession in 
Colorado, at that time a sparsely settled 
territory. In partnership with a former 
classmate, the late J. P. Hutchinson, of 
Newtown, Bucks county, Pennsylvania, 
he purchased a wagon and span of mules 
at Atchison, on the Missouri river, and 
took a wagonload of chemical apparatus 
across the plains. The railroad had then 
been but started ; herds of buflfalo and 
bands of Indians roamed the plains. A 
bright lookout had to be kept, as scalps 
were frequently mislaid between the river 
and the mountains. No accident of this 
kind happened, and an office was opened 
in Central City, in the mountains, for the 
assay and analysis of ores and for sur- 
veying and reporting upon mining prop- 



589 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



erty. The following seventeen years 
were passed amid the duties of a mining 
engineer and metallurgist. While these 
included a residence of three years in the 
Rocky Mountains, they were also spent 
in professional work in other parts of 
the country, such as the copper regions 
of Lake Superior, the lead regions of Mis- 
souri, and portions of the Southern States, 
wherein examinations and reports were 
made upon mining property, as well as 
in Canada and Nova Scotia. During 
four years from 1873 to 1877 Mr. Main 
resided in Columbia, South Carolina, be- 
ing Professor of Chemistry and Geology 
in the State University. 

From 1879 until the present time (1914) 
Professor Main has lived in or near New 
York City, having an office in the city, 
in connection with his business as a con- 
sulting engineer and chemist. He has de- 
voted considerable time to the develop- 
ment of electrical inventions, and has 
taken out over thirty patents pertaining 
to electricity and mechanics. During his 
practice of mine engineering Mr. Main 
introduced improvements in the treat- 
ment of ores and became known as an 
authority in mining and metallurgy and 
has contributed to various technical pub- 
lications. 

In 1871 he married Fannie A. Fille- 
brown, daughter of James S. and Anna 
(Ladd) Fillebrown. She was born 
August 6, 1850, at Readfield, Kennebec 
county, Maine. Her father was lieuten- 
ant-colonel of the loth Maine Volunteer 
Infantry Regiment in the Civil War. 
They have three children, namely: i. Al- 
fred F. Main, born at Columbia, South 
Carolina, in 1873 ; studied mine engineer- 
ing at the School of Mines, Columbia 
University, New York City; was presi- 
dent of his class for two years, and since 
1894 has been a mining engineer in Mex- 
ico, where he is now operating two large 
and highly profitable mines and employ- 
ing some ten thousand men. He married 



Miss Lola Bennett, formerly of Mexico 
City. 2. Lilian Rose Alain, born in 1877, 
at Piermont, New York ; she married Wil- 
liam F. Doerflinger, and has two sons. 
3. Edith Ledyard Main, born in Brook- 
lyn, New York ; she married Norman A. 
Boyd, of Binghamton, New York; has 
one daughter. 

Professor Main is a member of various 
scientific associations, such as the Ameri- 
can Chemical Society, the Society of 
Chemical Industry and the Electro-Chem- 
ical Society; also of the Chemists' Club, 
University of Pennsylvania Club, etc. In 
religion and politics he is not affiliated 
with any particular creed or party. For 
the last eight years, while maintaining an 
office in New York City, his residence has 
been at Piermont on the Hudson, on a 
spot commanding an extensive view. A 
special laboratory building affords oppor- 
tunity for research during leisure time. 



PROWELL, George Reeser, 

Edncator, Author. 

George Reeser Prowell, of York, Penn- 
sylvania, is a native of that city, born 
December 12, 1849, son of Samuel N. and 
Sarah (Reeser) Prowell. 

He received his preliminary education 
in the common schools, and was gradu- 
ated from Wooster (Ohio) University. 
The early years of his active career were 
given to educational work, and he served 
as principal of several high schools, and 
also as superintendent of the Hanover 
(Pennsylvania) public schools. He soon, 
however, became engaged in literary 
work, in which he has industriously con- 
tinued to the present time. He has 
served as editor and correspondent of va- 
rious journals, but his most important 
work has laid in deeper channels. He 
has been associate editor of "The Na- 
tional Cyclopaedia of American Biog- 
raphy," and "Lamb's Biographical Dic- 
tionary of the United States." His pub- 



590 






7 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



lished volumes, all of enduring value, are: 
"History of York County, Pennsylvania," 
1907 ; "History of West Jersey," 1887 ; 
"History of Wilmington, Delaware," 
1889; "History of Eighty-seventh Regi- 
ment Pennsylvania Volunteers," 1900; 
"George Washington and the Continen- 
tal Congress," 1901 ; "History of the 
Seventy-first Pennsylvania Regiment" 
(Baker's California regiment), 1902; "F. 
V. Meisheimer, First American Entomol- 
ogist," 1903; "York, Pennsylvania, as the 
Capital of the United States," 1905. He 
is curator and librarian of the Historical 
Society of York County, and member 
of the Columbia Historical Society of 
Washington, National Geographic So- 
ciety, and Pennsylvania History Club. 
He married, October 10, 1875, Virginia 
Dean, of Stamford, Connecticut. 



CANS, Milton H., 

Prominent in Cotton Industry. 

^lilton H. Gans, treasurer of Gans, 
Burgauer & Company of New York, is 
descended from a family of Hebrew Ger- 
man extraction. His antecedents came to 
the United States during the early part 
of the nineteenth century, and his father, 
Aaron Gans, was born July 4, 1841, in 
Philadelphia. The latter was brought 
up and educated in that city ; he then 
engaged in the mercantile business there, 
and for a number of years was a promi- 
nent wholesale clothier in Philadelphia. 
He married Caroline Hochstadter, daugh- 
ter of Lieberman Hochstadter, a native 
of Germany, who emigrated to Philadel- 
phia in the fifties. She was born January 
31, 1845, in th^ kingdom of Bavaria, Ger- 
many, and had among other children a 
son whose history follows. 

Milton H. Gans, son of Aaron and 
Caroline (Hochstadter) Gans, was born 
December 14, 1870, in Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania. He attended the public schools 
of Philadelphia, and graduated from the 



Central High School in February, 1887. 
He then took a commercial course of 
study at the Pierce Business College 
after the completion of which he entered 
the employ of Gans, Arnold & Company, 
of which firm his father was a member, 
and learned the wholesale clothing busi- 
ness. He served as clerk and salesman 
for that firm until the year 1899, when 
he came to New York City and secured a 
position as salesman with the Giveen 
Manufacturing Company of New York, 
and continued with that company until 
the year 1910, serving in various capaci- 
ties. In the latter year he organized the 
firm of Gans, Burgauer & Company, a 
corporation engaged in the business of 
cotton converting, and became the first 
treasurer of the company, which posi- 
tion he still holds. 

In politics he is a Republican, and an 
advocate of protective tariff for Ameri- 
can industries. He has traveled in Eu- 
rope, principally in the interest of his 
business, and is a member of the Har- 
monic Club of New York City, also of 
the Knights of Pythias, and is affiliated 
with various Jewish charitable organiza- 
tions. 



PAXTON. Rev. John Randolph, D.D., 

Prominent Clergyman, 

The name Paxton is of Saxon origin, 
and probably derived from a word mean- 
ing gardener. As early as the sixth cen- 
tury, it is claimed that the progenitor 
of the family of Paxton crossed over 
from the continent of Europe and settled 
in what in modern times is known as 
Berwickshire, Scotland. In time the 
family was established in Berwickshire 
and became land owners. Their settle- 
ment was first known as Pac-cingas- 
town, then Packingtown and Packston, 
which by 1250 A.D. had assumed the 
form of Paxton. The Paxtons acquired 
large estates in Scotland and in England 



591 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



during the fourteenth and fifteenth centu- 
ries, and members of the Scottish branch 
bore the armorial design of "Ermine, 
two chevrons between three mullets in 
pale azure, the one in chief sable, the 
other as of the mullets." Crest, "an 
eagle's head erased azure, charged on 
the neck with two chevrons, or, between 
a pair of wings addorsed, argent, and 
sernee of mullets, gules." Motto, Industria 
ditat. 

In the fifteenth century and later, many 
of the Paxtons suffered persecution for 
their religious belief, and during that 
time a number of them settled in Bed- 
ford, Oxford and Buckinghamshire, in 
Central England. A James Paxton was 
an officer under Cromwell, and officiated 
at the execution of King Charles I., on 
January 30, 1649; he fled to Ireland when 
Charles II. prosecuted the Regicides in 
1660, and there found an asylum among 
the Scotch-Irish Covenanters in the 
North of Ireland. He settled in County 
Antrim, and is supposed to have been 
the ancestor of the Paxtons of Bally- 
money, of that county, whose descend- 
ants came to America and settled in 
Maryland and Pennsylvania. 

Thomas Paxton, the emigrant founder 
of this particular branch of the Paxton 
family in America, was born in Ireland, 
in the year 1713; he came to this coun- 
try in 1725 at the age of twelve years, 
according to J. Paxton Kerr, of Ottowa, 
Kansas, in 1901, and probably resided at 
first in Chester county, Pennsylvania, 
with a kinsman. Early records show 
that Thomas Paxton paid taxes in Ches- 
ter county, Pennsylvania, from 1722 to 
1726, and in 1741 a Thomas Paxton took 
out a warrant for land in what was before 
Chester, but then Adams county, Penn- 
sylvania. This Thomas Paxton is sup- 
posed to have been an uncle of Thomas 
Paxton, later of Washington county, 
Pennsylvania, and the foster relative who 
brought him over from Ireland. Accord- 



ing to various traditional evidence and 
circumstantial facts, Thomas Paxton, of 
Washington county, Pennsylvania, lived 
to be one hundred and five years old ; 
he died in 1818, and his will was pro- 
bated June 19, 1819, in Washington 
county, Pennsylvania, where it is of rec- 
ord. His will does not mention a wife, 
but names children: i. Martha Paxton, 
born 1753 ; married Robert Campbell, 
April 15, 1781, and died in 1853, aged one 
hundred years, in Washington county, 
Pennsylvania. 2. Thomas Paxton, of 
whom more hereafter. 3. Elizabeth Pax- 
ton, married a McCue. 4. Margaret Pax- 
ton, born 1758; married David McGregor, 
who died in 1810, and she died in 1842, 
leaving issue. Thomas Pa.xton married 
in Pennsylvania, and all of his children 
were born in that State. From Adams 
county, Pennsylvania, he moved west and 
first settled in Allegheny county, Penn- 
sylvania, but in his old age joined rela- 
tives and friends in Washington county, 
Pennsylvania. He and his family were 
ardent members of the Associated Re- 
formed Church ; he was elder of the 
church wherever he lived, and his re- 
mains, with others of his family, lie 
buried in Old Mingo churchyard, in 
Washington county, Pennsylvania. 

Thomas Paxton, son of Thomas Pax- 
ton, the emigrant founder, and Jane As- 
tor, his wife, was born in 1761, on Marsh 
creek, now in Adams county, Pennsyl- 
vania. He lived in Adams county until 
about 1794, when he moved to Washing- 
ton county; later he removed to Mercer 
county, Pennsylvania, and after the death 
of his wife, in 1820, lived among his chil- 
dren. He was noted for his piety, cheer- 
ful temperament, and knowledge gained 
by varied experience. He died in 1851, 
at the home of his daughter, Rebecca Ho- 
sack, in Mercer county, Pennsylvania. 
He married Jane Crawford, in 1780, who 
died in 1820, in Washington county, 
Pennsylvania, and had issue, ten daugh- 



592 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ters and three sons, some of whom lived 
in Mercer county, Pennsylvania, and 
others in Washington county . So far as 
known, those who remained in Wash- 
ington county, Pennsylvania, are as fol- 
lows: I. John Paxton, of whom more 
hereafter. 2. Thomas Paxton, who went 
to Iowa, and had descendants there. 3. 
Ann Paxton. 4. a daughter, known as 
Mrs. Clark. 5. a daughter, known as 
Mrs. Neely. 6. a daughter, known as 
Mrs. Kyle. These female descendants 
lived in Mercer and other nearby coun- 
ties of Pennsylvania. 

John Paxton, son of Thomas and Jane 
(Crawford) Paxton, was born April 7, 
1781, on Marsh creek, in York, formerly 
Adams county, Pennsylvania. He moved 
with the family to Washington county, 
Pennsylvania, about the close of the 
eighteenth century. He was noted for 
his athletic feats, and called the "Mighty 
Jumper," but in a contest against a cele- 
brated Kentucky athlete was injured and 
died a year or two later, aged about forty- 
seven years old. He married his cousin 
Martha, daughter of John and Mary Pax- 
ton, and had children, namely: i. John 
Paxton, born May 8, 1807, in Chartiers 
township, Washington county, Pennsyl- 
vania; died on the farm where he was 
born, June 6, 1887, and left surviving is- 
sue. 2. Samuel Paxton, born 1809, died 
1900. 3. John Paxton, of whom more 
hereafter. 4. Eliza Paxton, born August 
25, 1802; married John Nesbitt, and died 
in 1886, without issue. During the Civil 
War she enthusiastically advocated the 
cause of the South and condemned the 
North ; though often admonished "to 
bridle her tongue," she continued her 
course, and was turned out of church for 
her sympathies with the rebellion. 

John Paxton, son of John and Martha 
Paxton, was born September 10, 1810, in 
Washington county, Pennsylvania. He 
followed the trade of saddler at Canons- 
burg, Washington county, Pennsylvania, 



for some years, but about 1856 engaged 
in the sale of live stock, and lived at 
Canonsburg for some forty-five years. 
He was an elder of the Presbyterian 
church, and a man of distinction in the 
community. He died December 24, 1890, 
at Canonsburg, Pennsylvania ; married 
Elizabeth Wilson-Power, widow of Elie- 
zer Power, and daughter of Henry and 
Jane (Dill) Wilson. She was born De- 
cember 10, 1809, died October 29, 1858, at 
Canonsburg, Pennsylvania, and was a 
sister of Rev. Samuel Wilson, D.D., one 
time moderator of the Presbyterian Gen- 
eral Assembly, and maternally, from 
Captain Thomas Dill, of the Revolution- 
ary war. He was the son of Colonel 
Mathew Dill, founder of the town of 
Dillsburg, and was Commissary of Sub- 
sistence under General Washington. 
Issue, by her first husband, to wit: (a) 
Margaret Power, married Thomas Belt; 
(b) Annie Power, married David Hart. 
Issue of her second marriage, to John 
Paxton, namely: i. Wilson N. Paxton, 
born December 6, 1834, in Washington 
county, Pennsylvania ; assisted in orga- 
nization of the 140th Pennsylvania Regi- 
ment Volunteer Infantry, for the Civil 
War; was made lieutenant of Company 
G ; wounded and captured at Gettysburg, 
Pennsylvania ; after twenty-one months 
spent in the Confederate prisons at Libby 
and Andersonville he was exchanged 
and promoted to the rank of captain. 
After the war he practiced law at Pitts- 
burgh some fifteen years, and was ex- 
aminer of pensions in the Interior De- 
partment at Washington, D. C. 2. Mar- 
tha Jane Paxton, born December 16, 
1835, at Canonsburg, Pennsylvania; died 
January 24, 1890, unmarried. 3. Thomas 
Paxton, born September 9, 1836 (?), en- 
listed in Company D, loth Pennsylvania 
Reserves, in April, 1861 ; promoted to 
lieutenant, and was killed at Spottsylva- 
nia, Virginia, in 1864. 4. John Randolph 
Paxton, of whom more hereafter. 5. 



593 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



William Hosack Paxton, born March 9, 
1846. 6. Oliver L. Paxton, born July 9, 
1848, and lived at Canonsburg, Pennsyl- 
vania. 7. Mary E. Paxton, born July 
9, 1850; married Rev. W. Frank Conner, 
and lived at Irwin, Pennsylvania. 8. 
Matthew Henry Paxton, born December 
30, 1853 ; was assistant paymaster in the 
United States army, and lived at Walla 
Walla, Washington. 

John Randolph Paxton, son of John 
and Elizabeth (Power nee Wilson) Pax- 
ton, was born September 18, 1843, ^t 
Canonsburg, Washington county, Penn- 
sylvania. He attended the public schools 
of Canonsburg, Pennsylvania, until 1859, 
and then entered Washington and Jeffer- 
son College at Washington, Pennsylva- 
nia, where he remained until 1862, when 
he enlisted in the army. 

He joined Company G, 140th Pennsyl- 
vania Volunteer Infantry Regiment, in 
which his elder brother was lieutenant, 
and served four years. The various com- 
panies forming the regiment were ren- 
dezvoused at Camp Curtin, where, on 
September 8, 1862, they were organized 
into the 140th Regiment, and sent to 
the Army of the Potomac. He was pro- 
moted to sergeant, August 7, 1863 ; to 
first sergeant, September i, 1863; to sec- 
ond lieutenant, December 10, 1864; com- 
missioned first lieutenant, April 16, 1864, 
and captain May 16, 1865, and mustered 
out with the company, May 31, 1865. He 
served through four campaigns, and was 
in twenty battles, including Gettysburg, 
in which his company was one of the line 
that received Pickett's famous charge, 
and the 140th Regiment of Pennsylva- 
nia Volunteers was said to have lost 
more men than any other regiment in 
the war except three. He commanded 
Company G, 140th Pennsylvania, after 
the death of Captain Wilson, April 14, 
1865, and was on General Miles' staff 
about six weeks in 1864. 

After leaving the army he returned to 



Washington and Jefferson College, grad- 
uating as A.B. therefrom in i866; he 
then attended the Western Theological 
Seminary at Allegheny, Pennsylvania, 
and graduated therefrom in 1869, having 
studied there under the noted Rev. Sam- 
uel J. Wilson, D.D. In 1870 he took a 
special post-graduate course at Princeton 
Seminary, Princeton, New Jersey, and 
in March, 1870, received a call to the 
Presbyterian church at Churchville, 
Maryland, where he remained until 1874. 
From 1874 to 1878 he was pastor at the 
Pine Street Presbyterian Church, Har- 
risburg, Pennsylvania ; 1878 to 1882 at 
the New York Avenue Presbyterian 
Church, Washington, D. C., where his 
church was attended by four supreme 
court justices. From 1882 to 1893 he 
was pastor of the West Church, Forty- 
second street. New York City, and since 
then pastor of the New York Presby- 
terian Church. For seven years he 
served as chaplain of the 7th New York 
Regiment, National Guard. At the time 
Dr. Paxton came to New York as a min- 
ister, his church paid him the largest 
salary ($12,000), then received by any 
pastor; it was afterwards raised to $15,- 
000, and he had among his laymen Jay 
Gould and other members of his family, 
among whom was Helen Gould, baptized 
by him. 

Dr. Paxton married Mary Lindsey, 
daughter of John Lindsey, a noted iron 
manufacturer, November 20, 1870, at 
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Issue: i. Re- 
becca Paxton, died aged about thirteen 
years. 2. Elizabeth Paxton, died aged 
about three years. 3. John Randolph 
Paxton, born 1877, at Harrisburg, Penn- 
sylvania : graduated at Yale University, 
A.B., in 1898; studied law in New York 
Law School, and graduated therefrom as 
LL.B. in 1901 ; was admitted to the New 
York bar the same year, and died May 
21, 1912, in New York City. 4. Mary El- 
kin Paxton, born November 22, 1875, at 



594 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Harrisburg, Pennsylvania ; graduated 
with honors at Ogontz Women's Col- 
lege near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania ; 
married Harry L. Hamlin, of Chicago, Il- 
linois, September 6, 1902, and has issue, 
two children : a daughter, who died an 
infant ; and Judith Hamlin. 

The antecedents of Dr. Paxton were 
stanch Presbyterian for several centuries, 
and he has, in a sense, merely followed 
in the footsteps of his forefathers ; how- 
ever, he has brought signal ability to his 
work, which has been crowned with 
great success. He comes not only of a 
family of strong religious convictions, 
but they have given the world soldiers 
and patriots as well. He is a companion 
of the Military Order of the Loyal Le- 
gion ; was chaplain at the famous Grant 
memorial dinner given to General Grant 
in New York City upon his return from 
a trip around the world ; chaplain of the 
Loyal Legion; member of the Pennsyl- 
vania Society in New York, also of the 
Century Association, and for twenty-five 
years a member of the Union League 
Club in New York City. He received 
the honorary degree of Doctor of Divin- 
ity from Union College, New York. 



MAGILL, EDWARD W., 

Iiatryer, Jurist. 

Among the jurists who have served in 
the courts of Philadelphia there was per- 
haps none more beloved than the late 
Judge Edward W. Magill, and although 
he had served only for the six years prior 
to his death, he had so endeared himself 
to the members of the bar that the mem- 
ory of his life and service will be cher- 
ished through the years by the many 
whose privilege it was to know him. The 
fatal termination of an illness, not until 
its latest stages accounted dangerous, oc- 
casioned great surprise to members of 
the bar and those others who knew Judge 
Magill, because apparently he was a man 



of powerful constitution. Among his 
qualifications for service on the bench 
noted by the committee which, represent- 
ing six hundred members of the bar, pe- 
titioned for his appointment to the judi- 
ciary was "his rugged strength," yet at 
the age of fifty-five, and only after an 
illness of ten days, he was taken away. 

Edward W. Magill was born January 
27, 1858, in Solesbury township, Bucks 
county, on the Delaware, sixteen miles 
above Trenton. He was of Quaker an- 
tecedents. His parents were Watson 
Paxson and Mary Harvey Magill. The 
father was an ardent Republican, and 
one of the founders of the party in this 
State. He was a member of the State 
Legislature in 1853, and was a candidate 
for presidential elector in 1856. The late 
Edward H. Magill, president of Swarth- 
more College, was an uncle. 

Judge Magill received his early edu- 
cation in the public schools, and at a 
private academy at Lambertville, New 
Jersey. He later attended Swarthmore 
College and the University of Pennsyl- 
vania, and graduated from the Law 
School of the latter institution in June, 
1881. From that time to 1885 he was in 
the law office of Alexander & Warwick. 
Later he formed a partnership with his 
first cousin, Mr. Carroll R. Williams, 
which was terminated in 1891, when he 
associated himself with Robert Alexander 
until the time of the latter's death. 

Judge Magill was never active in poli- 
tics, and had no political backing in his 
candidacy for the bench. But he might 
have become a Judge before he did. 
Many prominent lawyers tried to induce 
him to accept an appointment to a previ- 
ous vacancy, but he refused to allow his 
name to be presented to the Governor 
until the time of Judge Beitler's retire- 
ment from the bench of Court No. i, in 
February, 1907. A week after Mr. Beit- 
ler's retirement, Governor Stuart ap- 
pointed Mr. Magill a judge on February 
595 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



II, 1907, the first judge named by that 
Governor. 

Judge Magill is survived by a widow, 
who was Miss Carrie Altemus, of Phila- 
delphia, to whom he was married in June, 
1888. Their only son, Watson H. Ma- 
gill, is a member of the Philadelphia bar. 

At a meeting of the Bench and Bar held 
in memory of Judge Magill a minute was 
adopted which reads in part as follows: 

The Bench and Bar have learned with pro- 
found sorrow of the death of their colleague 
and brother, Edward Walter Magill, for six 
years an Associate Judge of Court of Common 
Pleas No. i, of Philadelphia County. 

Resolved, That in the death of Edward Walter 
Magill the Bench and Bar have lost a colleague 
and a brother, considerate of the rights of 
others, courteous in his treatment of friend and 
foe, exact in his statement of facts, just in his 
administration of the law, punctual in keeping his 
engagements, industrious in habit, of broad legal 
experience, and well equipped with a knowledge 
of principles, and displaying judgment as well 
as skill in their application. His unexpected and 
untimely death in the meridian of his powers 
and usefulness impresses us with a profound 
sense of loss, and an appreciation of the value 
of his career. 

Chief Justice D. Newlin Fell, an inti- 
mate friend of Judge Magill, presided at 
the meeting, and upon taking the chair 
said : 

We meet in memory of a man whom we hon- 
ored and loved, who for a third of a century 
worked with us and possessed in the fullest 
measure our confidence and esteem, whose death 
leaves a void that will not be filled. What most 
appeals to us today, as we stand near his open 
grave, is not his greatness as a lawyer and 
judge, but his honest, sterling worth as a man 
— the loss of his efficient aid and his charming 
companionship. I knew Judge Magill from his 
earliest childhood; I knew his parents and his 
grandparents. He had an honored lineage. From 
the founding of the commonwealth his ancestors 
represented, generation after generation, all that 
was best in citizenship and social life, and he 
lived up to the highest traditions of the family. 
He was a just, generous and manly man, who 
commanded the respect of all who came within 
touch of his life. That such a man, at the 



height of his usefulness, in the fullness of his 
great powers, at a time when sane thought and 
manly courage are so much needed, should be 
called from the work that he was doing so well, 
is to our finite understanding incomprehensible. 
We can feel reconciled to it only as we realize 
that it was ordained in the Infinite, the Divine 
plan, whose wisdom we do not question. 

There were many other tributes that 
were spoken at this meeting, but none 
perhaps which gave a keener analysis of 
the man as a judge than the words of 
Judge F. Amedee Bregy, colleague of 
Judge Magill, and Presiding Judge of the 
court. He said: 

Mr. Chairman and gentlemen: Truly it is a 
short step from the gilded hall "to the bier and 
the shroud." Less than two weeks ago. Judge 
Magill, sitting in the chair now occupied by the 
Chief Justice, delivered his last charge to a 
jury. At that time death stood by his side, with 
his hand upon his shoulder, calling him away. 
One year ago today, at this hour, this room was 
the scene of a festive gathering, at the conclu- 
sion of which our friend clasped my hand in 
congratulation. Such things teach their sad les- 
son. I will merely allude to the purity of his 
private life, the fidelity of his friendship and 
his domestic devotion, because the sweet perfume 
of these qualities was radiated upon all who 
had the privilege of knowing him. I will pass 
by without extended comment the learning and 
appreciation of legal principles that made him 
the great lawyer you all know he was. I do 
want, however, to say a few words about Judge 
^lagill as a judge. His work, as it was done 
in the public eye, has been seen and received 
your approval, I am sure. What you have not 
seen is the serious and important work that is 
done in the consultation room by an industrious, 
conscientious judge who has an appreciation of 
his great responsibility. Judge Magill was not 
a man to agree with a colleague unless he was 
satisfied that the result was right and had been 
reached in the proper way. He was quick to ap- 
preciate the point of all arguments and to find 
the error that was on the one side or the other. 
He was tolerant but unyielding till convinced. 
Judge Magill was an ideal Minister of Justice; 
he served at her altar with unsullied ermine 
and a devotion to duty that was inspiring. He 
had no fear of the powerful, but the weak and 
unprotected had his sympathy and his help. 
My affection for him and sorrow at his death 



596 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



are subjects too delicate to here discuss. I will 
simply say that I am a better man, a better 
lawyer and a better judge for having known and 
been associated with Edward W. Magill. The 
reaper. Death, has cut down the grain, but God 
has gathered in the sheaf. That is our comfort. 



LAWRENCE, William Watson, 

Freaident of National I>ead Company. 

William Watson Lawrence, president 
of the National Lead Company, New 
York City, is a grandson of Joseph Law- 
rence, who was born in Adams county, 
Pennsylvania, in 1788, a son of John and 
Sarah (Moffitt) Lawrence. After the 
death of the father, the mother, with 
three sons and six daughters, removed 
to a farm eight miles east of Washing- 
ton, Washington county, Pennsylvania, 
in 1791. Joseph Lawrence received a 
limited education, and assisted in the 
cultivation of the farm. He was a rep- 
resentative in the State Legislature, 
1818-24, and speaker for two sessions ; 
representative in the Nineteenth and 
Twentieth Congresses, 1825-29, where he 
supported the policy of Henry Clay, who 
was a personal friend, and the candidacy 
of John Quincy Adams for president. He 
was again a representative in the State 
Legislature, 1834-36; State Treasurer in 
1837; and a representative in the Twen- 
ty-seventh Congress, 1841-42, but did not 
live to serve out this term. He was 
summoned from Washington in 1842 to 
the deathbed of a son and daughter, and 
while there contracted the disease that 
resulted in his death in Washington, D. 
C, April 17, 1842, the funeral oration 
being pronounced by James Buchanan, 
later President of the United States. He 
married (first), 1814, Rebecca Van 
Eman, who died in 1822, and (second), 
1826, Maria Bucher, of Harrisburg, 
Pennsylvania. William Caldwell Ander- 
son Lawrence (1832-1860), and Samuel 
Lawrence, both representatives in the 



Pennsylvania Legislature, were children 
of the second marriage. 

Colonel John Jacob Lawrence, son of 
Joseph and Alaria (Bucher) Lawrence, 
was born in Washington county, Penn- 
sylvania, March 7, 1827, and died March 
28, 1903. He married Anna Elizabeth, 
born January 17, 1830, now living at 
Washington, D. C, and a daughter of 
General David C. Watson, of Northum- 
berland county, Pennsylvania. In addi- 
tion to William Watson Lawrence, 
Colonel and Mrs. Lawrence had children 
as follows: Joseph and Ellen, deceased; 
Theresa Maria, born at Huntingdon, 
March 30, 1861, married Rev. William R. 
Turner; Anna Margaret, born at Hunt- 
ingdon, June I, 1864; John Jacob, born 
at Renovo, Pennsylvania, October 5, 
1865, married Louise Andrews, of Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio, died December, 191 1, hav- 
ing had children : Louise, John Jacob, 
William Watson and Miriam ; Mary Su- 
san, born at Erie, Pennsylvania, Janu- 
ary 15, 1869, now living in Washington, 
D. C. 

William Watson Lawrence was born 
at Huntingdon, Huntingdon county, 
Pennsylvania, April 22, 1859. Attended 
the Western University Preparatory 
School, matriculated at Princeton Uni- 
versity in 1875, and was graduated with 
the degree of Bachelor of Arts in the 
class of 1878. He then entered upon his 
business career with his father's firm, 
Suydam, Lawrence & Co., manufac- 
turers of white lead and linseed oil, July 
I, 1878. He was employed by this firm 
and by its successor, M. B. Suydam & 
Company, for some years, going into 
business on his own account in 1884 
under the firm name of W. W. Lawrence 
& Co., manufacturers of paint. With 
others, in 1893 he organized the Sterling 
White Lead Company, of which Mr. 
Lawrence was vice-president. In 1903 
this business was sold to the National 
Lead Company. Mr. Lawrence was 



597 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



elected treasurer of the National Lead 
Company, subsequently became vice- 
president, and in September, 1910, was 
elected president, in which capacity he is 
serving it at the present time. Mr. Law- 
rence is connected with a number of 
other corporations and enterprises. He 
is a director of the Seaboard National 
Bank of New York City, and of the 
Western National Bank, of Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania. 

Mr. Lawrence is a Republican in poli- 
tics. He is a member of the Society of 
the Colonial Wars, the Military Order of 
the Loyal Legion, the Pennsylvania So- 
ciety of New York, and the American 
Whig Society of Princeton University, 
which was founded by President James 
Madison. He is also a member of the 
University, Metropolitan, Westchester 
Country, Riding and Automobile Club of 
America, and Princeton clubs, of New 
York City; Duquesne Club, of Pitts- 
burgh ; and the Maryland Club, of Bal- 
timore. He is a member of the St. Nich- 
olas Collegiate Dutch Reformed Church, 
of New York City. 

Mr. Lawrence married, October 25, 
1910, Jane, born in Montreal, Canada, 
May 20, 1879, a daughter of David and 
Margaret Yuile, of Montreal. They have 
no children. The family residence is at 
No. 9 East 89th street, New York City. 



HODGE, Richard Morse, D.D., 

CXergjiaan, Educator, Author. 

Rev. Richard Morse Hodge, D.D., Lec- 
turer in Biblical Literature, Extension 
Teaching, at Columbia University, New 
York City, is a representative of an old 
Pennsylvania family which for four con- 
secutive generations has been distin- 
guished in the learned professions, and 
has been largely instrumental in the up- 
building and maintenance of the scientific 
and religious interests of the Keystone 
State. 



Hugh Hodge, great-grandfather of 
Rev. Richard Morse Hodge, was a soldier 
in the patriot army of the Revolution. 
He was a son of Andrew and Jane (Mc- 
Culloch) Hodge, and was born August 
20, 1755. He was engaged in the prac- 
tice of medicine. He married Maria, 

daughter of Joseph and (Hunt) 

Blanchard of Boston, and they were the 
parents of two sons : Hugh Lenox, men- 
tioned below ; and Charles, who was for 
more than half a century a distinguished 
professor at Princeton Theological Sem- 
inary. The death of Dr. Hodge, which 
occurred July 14, 1798, was much re- 
gretted as that of a man who had faith- 
fully served his community both as phy- 
sician and as citizen. 

Dr. Hugh Lenox Hodge, eldest son 
of Dr. Hugh and Maria (Blanchard) 
Hodge, was born June 27, 1796, in Phil- 
adelphia, and in 1814 graduated at 
Princeton University. He subsequently 
studied medicine, graduating in 1818, 
and then, in order to defray the expense 
of a course of study in Europe, went as 
ship surgeon to India. In the great epi- 
demic of Asiatic cholera which visited 
the United States in 1832, the knowledge 
of this disease gained by Dr. Hodge 
during his sojourn in the East proved 
of inestimable value. In 1820 Dr. Hodge 
returned to Philadelphia without the de- 
sired funds, and in consequence was 
obliged to engage at once in the prac- 
tice of his profession. His advancement 
was rapid, and in 1821, when Dr. Horner, 
of the University of Pennsylvania, 
visited Europe, Dr. Hodge was selected 
to teach his anatomical class. In 1823 
he was chosen as a lecturer on surgery 
in Dr. Chapman's summer school, and 
later succeeded to the lectureship on an- 
atomy and surgery in the University of 
Pennsylvania. Subsequently, by reason 
of failing sight, he exchanged this po- 
sition for that of the lectureship on 
obstetrics, and in 1835 succeeded to the 



598 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



chair of obstetrics. On resigning in 1863 
he was made professor emeritus for the 
remainder of his life. Dr. Hodge was 
the author of several works on obstetrics, 
and the inventor of a number of obstet- 
rical instruments. He married, in 1828, 
Margaret E., daughter of John Aspinwall 
and Susan (Howland) Aspinwall, of 
New York, and their son, John Aspin- 
wall, is mentioned below. On February 
26, 1873, Dr. Hodge died, "full of years 
and of honors." 

Dr. John Aspinwall Hodge, son of 
Dr. Hugh Lenox and Margaret (Aspin- 
wall) Hodge, was born August 12, 1831, 
in Philadelphia, and graduated from the 
University of Pennsylvania. He studied 
theology, and was admitted to the min- 
istry of the Presbyterian church. Sub- 
sequently he was professor of the Eng- 
lish Bible at Lincoln University, Penn- 
sylvania. Professor Hodge married. 
May 14, 1857, Charlotte Gebhard. born 
May 28, 1834, in New York City, daugh- 
ter of Richard Cary and Sarah Louisa 
(Davis) Morse, and their son, Richard 
Morse, is mentioned below. On June 23, 
1901, Professor Hodge passed away, in 
the seventieth year of a life of earnest 
and fruitful endeavor. 

Rev. Richard Morse Hodge, son of 
John Aspinwall and Charlotte (Gebhard) 
Hodge, was born May 25, 1864, at 
Mauch Chunk, Pennsylvania, and re- 
ceived his preparatory education in the 
public schools, including the high school, 
of Hartford, Connecticut. In 1882 he en- 
tered Princeton University, graduating 
in 1886 with the degree of Bachelor of 
Arts, and in 1888 receiving from his alma 
mater that of Master of Arts. In 1901 
Nashville University (Tennessee) con- 
ferred upon him the degree of Doctor of 
Divinity. 

In 1890 Dr. Hodge was called to the 
pastorate of the Westminster Presby- 
terian Church, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 
remaining until the close of 1892. In 



1893 he was called to the Church of the 
Covenant, Riverton, New Jersey, and 
ministered to this congregation until 
1895. In that year he became superin- 
tendent of the Training School for 
Women Missionaries, Fredericksburg, 
Virginia, filling this position until 1898, 
when he became superintendent of the 
Bible Institute at Nashville, Tennessee. 
He remained there until 1901, becoming 
in that year Director of Extension 
Courses for Lay Workers at Union The- 
ological Seminary. This position was 
held by Dr. Hodge until 1907. Since 
1907 he has been lecturer in Biblical 
Literature, Extension Teaching, at Co- 
lumbia University. 

In addition to his work as a lecturer. 
Dr. Hodge has aided with his pen the 
cause of religious education. He is the 
author of the following works: "His- 
torical Atlas of the Life of Jesus," 1898 ; 
"New Testament Authors and their 
Works," 1910: and "Historical Maps of 
Bible Lands." He has also written a 
number of pamphlets on Biblical Litera- 
ture and has contributed to magazines 
and newspapers many valuable articles 
on the subject of religious education. 
Having traveled extensively through 
Egypt and Palestine he is equipped with 
exceptional thoroughness for his work in 
the university and as a writer for the 
press. 

As a citizen with exalted ideas of good 
government and civic virtue Dr. Hodge 
stands in the front rank. Politically an 
Independent, he is a vigilant and atten- 
tive observer of men and measures, ever 
giving loyal support to such, as in his 
judgment, will further the ends of munici- 
pal reform. He belongs to the Society of 
Biblical Literature and Exegesis, the In- 
dependent Club of the West Side, and the 
National Story-Tellers' League, holding 
in the last-named organization the office 
of secretary. He is a member of the Pres- 
byterian church. A man of strong charac- 



599 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ter and vigorous mentality, Dr. Hodge 
is also endowed with those personal 
qualities which win and hold friends. 
As an instructor he is in his methods 
both forceful and felicitous, winning the 
afifections and commanding the respect of 
all those privileged to be his pupils. His 
countenance is expressive of his domi- 
nant traits of character and his manner 
is dignified and courteous both in social 
intercourse and on the lecture platform. 
He is a forceful, clear and polished 
speaker and his utterances are marked 
by an earnestnes that carries conviction 
with it. 

Dr. Hodge married, June 28, 1888, 
Alice, born August 12, i860, in Orange, 
New Jersey, daughter of Edward and 
Mary (Morse) Austen, and they are the 
parents of two children : Genevieve Aus- 
ten, born September 22, 1894, at River- 
ton, New Jersey, now at school in 
Springfield, Massachusetts ; and Edward 
Austen, born March 30, 1896, at Fred- 
ericksurg, Virginia, now at school in 
Tarrytown, New York. 

Dr. Hodge is now identified with New 
York's historic university, and it will al- 
ways be a matter of pride to Columbia 
that she can point to his name on her an- 
nals. But he is Pennsylvania's son. The 
noble records of his father and grand- 
father form part of the history of the 
Keystone State, and the old Common- 
wealth justly demands that beside their 
names shall stand that of Richard Morse 
Hodge. 



SCHOEN, Charles T., 

Manufacturer, Inventor. 

There are many names so closely con- 
nected with the steel industry in the 
United States that they are credited with 
the inventions that forced the industry 
into the front rank of American enter- 
prises. In reality they were merely the 
managerial heads, and in most instances 



men without mechanical skill or ability. 
A notable exception is Charles T. Schoen, 
inventor, patentee, owner, and manufac- 
turer, of the Schoen pressed steel system 
of car construction, and father of the 
pressed steel car, now in use on every 
railroad of any importance in the United 
States and on many foreign roads. His 
connection with the construction of 
pressed steel cars has not only been in a 
supervisory capacity, but in the begin- 
ning of the manufacture of pressed steel 
parts in Philadelphia, Mr. Schoen was 
one of the four workers in his shop, 
drawing the hot plates from the fire side 
by side with the others, and it is his 
proud boast that he "could do the same 
today." To invent and to bring into ex- 
istence such a great business as the man- 
ufacture of pressed steel cars has become 
would satisfy even an extraordinary man, 
but not Mr. Schoen, who, seeing the in- 
adequacy of the cast iron car wheel for 
the high speeds and heavy loads of mod- 
ern railway service, developed a forged 
and rolled steel car wheel, now in general 
use on engine trucks and tenders, passen- 
gers and freight steam railway cars, ele- 
vated, subway and street cars. So to 
Mr. Schoen's creative genius and me- 
chanical ability our country owes an en- 
tirely new business of vast proportions. 
He is a real "captain of industry," a title 
gained not by manipulation, govern- 
mental favor, or lucky association, but by 
virtue of genius, courage, brain, muscle 
and hard work. A pleasing feature of 
Mr. Schoen's life is the fact that all his 
hopes for the success of the pressed steel 
car and the forged steel wheel have been 
realized during his life-time. Nowhere 
can he go by rail but he listens to the 
clicking and humming of wheels invented 
by himself, bearing to their destination 
cars also of his own invention, both, per- 
haps, of his own manufacture. To this 
he adds the thought that he has more 
nearly insured the safety of life, increased 



600 




/c^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the pleasure of travel, and added to the 
wealth of his country. These are the re- 
wards that daily and hourly come to the 
kindly hearted, great man, who, upon 
dropping the cares of a large business, 
has sought amid the rural beauties of 
Delaware county a home for his declining 
years. 

Charles T. Schoen is a son of Henry 
Casper and Emmeline (Robinson) 
Schoen, of the State of Delaware, who 
had other sons, William, Henry H., and 
James Allen. He was born in the State 
of Delaware, December 9, 1844, and at 
the present date is in his sixty-ninth 
year. When he was four years of age his 
parents moved to Wilmington, Delaware, 
which was his home until 1878. There 
he obtained his education and there 
learned, under his father's instruction, 
the trade of cooper. At the age of 
eighteen years he had saved enough 
money to attend Taylors Academy, at 
the same time working four hours daily 
in the shop. He read, studied, and 
worked in Wilmington in 1865, a key to 
his success being found in such mental 
and physical activity as the story of his 
youth indicates. In 1865, being then 
married and ambitious, he sought a wider 
field than Wilmington furnished, going 
to Philadelphia, where he worked at his 
trade. This brought him into relation 
with Taylor and Gillespie, sugar refiners, 
the latter becoming his especial friend. 
Desirous of establishing in business for 
himself he entered into a contract with 
Mr. Gillespie to supply his firm with mo- 
lasses barrels. Thus at the age of twen- 
ty-one years he was married and owned 
a business emplo3'ing twelve men. He 
continued in successful business for a 
time, but through a bad debt failed. Not 
discouraged, in company with a friend he 
went West, arriving in Chicago early in 
the morning, their combined cash capital 
amounting to seventy-nine cents. Be- 
fore night he had secured work at his 



trade, but after two months returned to 
Philadelphia. Soon after his return he 
secured a position with Charles Scott as 
manager of his car spring works, at a 
salary of twelve dollars per week. He 
took a great interest in his new work, 
determining to become, sooner or later, a 
partner in the business. He lived on five 
dollars a week, sending the balance to 
his wife in Wilmington. Soon he was re- 
ceiving fifteen, then eighteen dollars 
weekly, and at the end of a year de- 
manded an interest in the business. Mr. 
Scott flatly refused, but later changed his 
decision by giving Mr. Schoen fifteen 
hundred dollars a year salary and a one- 
fifth interest. This amounted at the end 
of the first year to about seventeen thou- 
sand dollars. The second year Air. 
Schoen made several improvements and 
took out some patents for the firm that 
netted a profit of thirty-five thousand 
dollars. He then demanded and received 
a one-third interest in the firm. 

Being in Washington one day with 
several hours to spare, he visited the 
railroad yards and while looking over the 
construction of the freight cars was im- 
pressed with the feasibility of using 
pressed steel for the different parts, then 
made of cast iron. He studied out the 
problem and soon took out his first 
patent on a pressed steel stake pocket. 
This he followed with others, all in his 
own name, considering properly that, as 
they did not affect the car spring busi- 
ness of his own firm, the patents were 
his individual property. This caused 
a rupture that led to Mr. Schoen's 
withdrawal from the firm. Speaking of 
this period in 1900, he said: "I had 
saved sixty thousand dollars, so in 1888, 
after I had withdrawn from the spring 
business, I started in the manufacture of 
pressed steel. My shop was only fifty by 
one hundred feet and there were only 
four of us to work in it, my nephew, who 
is vice-president of the present company. 



601 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



my son, who is a director, another man, 
and myself. I drew the hot plates from 
the furnace and handed them to my 
nephew and my son, who at that time 
were mere lads. I could do the same to- 
day. We kept right at work, the busi- 
ness grew, and in a short time we were 
making many parts of pressed steel for 
wooden cars. I paid strict attention to 
business, as a man must do to succeed, 
and in a short time we enlarged the plant 
and employed a number of men. Then I 
engaged my brother, who has since died, 
as salesman." 

He had organized as the Schoen 
Pressed Steel Company, and manufac- 
tured only under his own patents. In 
1889 he moved his business to Pitts- 
burgh, establishing his plant at Schoen- 
ville, near that city. At this time, 1890, 
his payroll consisted of but fourteen 
names, men and boys. He had been con- 
stantly at work perfecting his designs for 
an entire pressed steel car and after go- 
ing to Pittsburgh continued in this work 
until he had it completed and entirely 
covered with patents. The entire num- 
ber of patents issued to Mr. Schoen on 
cars and car parts is about one hundred 
and twenty-five, this number including a 
graduated car spring, invented while con- 
nected with the Scott Car Spring firm. He 
continued manufacturing steel parts for 
some time, in the meantime seeking to 
interest railroad officials in an entire 
pressed steel car for freight service. In 
1897 there was a rumor afloat that the 
Pittsburgh, Bessemer & Lake Erie Rail- 
road was to change hands. Mr. Schoen 
saw in this an opportunity and asked for 
an order for the pressed steel cars. He 
thus tells the story : 

"I immediately set at work on a draw- 
ing and worked like a beaver. When the 
new interest gained control I was per- 
sistent in my efforts to get the order." 
A part of the work may be inferred from 
the following letter: 



Skibo Castle, July 5, 1898. 
Dear Mr. Schoen — Many thanks for the 
beautiful illustrations of your great work. I am 
watching the steel car question with deep inter- 
est and just because I am so anxious that it 
should prove a success, I am not without any 
anxiety. 

If your steel cars are to displace wooden cars 
you take your place with the few great benefac- 
tors. We now boast of Pittsburgh's Westing- 
house and Brashear, and I hope we are to add 
a third name ere long. 

Wishing you deserved success and with re- 
newed thanks. 

Always very truly yours, 

(Signed) ANDREW CARNEGIE. 
To Charles T. Schoen, Esq., 
President Schoen Pressed Steel Co., 
Pittsburgh, Pa. 

"Finally I got the order, not for 
twenty but two hundred cars. Then the 
railroad people thought that if they were 
to order any they might as well plunge, 
so the order was increased to six hun- 
dred cars. The problem that then con- 
fronted me was how to fill the order. I 
had not the facilities for building even 
one car, and the money involved was six 
hundred thousand dollars, but I had the 
pressed steel works for making parts and 
I had plenty of energy. We started in 
the old shop and kept enlarging. At 
length we averaged one car a day, then 
two, three, four, and finally, eight. At 
the end of nine months the order was 
filled and a five hundred thousand dollar 
plant had been erected over the heads of 
the workmen. 

"Where is the next order to come 
from? I asked myself. If the railroads 
don't take hold of this I shall be ruined. 
I hardly slept until after arguments and 
exemplifications I had secured an order 
from the Pittsburgh & Lake Erie Rail- 
road, an order for one hundred and fifty- 
cars. Then came one from the Pennsyl- 
vania Railroad for two hundred, closely 
followed by one from the Pittsburgh & 
Western Railroad for five hundred cars. 
I had saved the day. Then I broke down 



602 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



in health and was wafted away to Ber- 
muda for six weeks' rest." 

The capital required to finance these 
large operations was secured by the or- 
ganization of the Pressed Steel Car Com- 
pany, which took over the property of 
the Schoen Pressed Steel Company and 
the one hundred and twenty-five patents 
issued to Mr. Schoen. The capital of 
the new company was twenty-five mil- 
lion dollars, Mr. Schoen retaining a very 
large interest and becoming president of 
the company, his nephew vice-president, 
his son a director. 

Orders flowed in and within one year 
the company had four million dollars' 
worth of untouched orders upon its 
books. In 1898 the Fox Pressed Steel 
Company was absorbed. A plant was 
erected in Allegheny which in 1900 was 
turning out forty cars daily; the Pitts- 
burgh plant was building sixty cars 
daily; and thirty thousand tons of steel 
were being used monthly. This large 
business naturally attracted the attention 
of the Carnegie interests, who were only 
prevented from building a rival plant by 
a contract for steel for a period of ten 
years, involving a sum of one hundred 
million dollars. The value of the steel 
car for all forms of heavy freight serv- 
ice was soon demonstrated and in the 
year 1900 the company had not only 
these works at Pittsburgh in full opera- 
tion, but also one at Joliet, Illinois. They 
employed nearly ten thousand men and 
were doing an annual business of thirty 
millions of dollars, with Mr. Schoen con- 
stantly at work in the direction of a still 
more general application of the all steel 
pressed system to special cars of passen- 
ger type. In 1902 he resigned from the 
presidency of the company, also from the 
board of directors and sold practically all 
his stock in the company. At that time, 
the Pittsburgh, Bessemer & Lake Erie 
Railroad, his first customer, had bought 
four thousand three hundred all steel 



603 



cars of the "hopper" and "gondola" 
types, the Pennsylvania nine thousand, 
while every leading railway of the coun- 
try was rapidly adding all steel freight 
cars to its equipment. Sales had also 
been made abroad and in 1900 Henrik 
von Z. Loss, a noted engineer, presented 
the claims of the Schoen Pressed Steel 
system on car construction to the Inter- 
national Railway Congress in Paris. Mr. 
Schoen's connection with the company 
ceased in 1902, but he had seen the frui- 
tion of his hopes in the adoption of the 
"all steel" car to every branch of the 
railway service. 

For four years he had devoted himself 
to experiments in solid forged and rolled 
steel wheels for railroad cars, both pas- 
senger and freight, expending in experi- 
menting, patents, etc., one and a half 
million dollars of his own money. He 
finally perfected his invention and erected 
a large plant for the manufacture of solid 
forged and rolled steel wheels, under his 
own patents. The value of the all steel 
car to the railroads had so impressed the 
railroad officials that when he announced 
a new wheel superior to the ones they 
were using they immediately responded 
with orders. The value of the wheel is 
so great that it is to-day in use on steam 
and electric roads everywhere in the 
United States, Europe and Africa. The 
Schoen Steel Wheel Company, Ltd., have 
a plant in Leeds, England, in which Mr. 
Schoen is largely interested, and which 
manufactures wheels under his patents. 
The following relating to steel wheels is 
from his old friend of early pressed steel 
car days : 

Skibo Castle, July 11, 1908. 
My Dear Mr. Schoen— I have faith in your 
prediction. You have proved a true prophet be- 
fore. Nothing like steel. 
Very truly yours, 

(Signed) ANDREW CARNEGIE. 
Charles T. Schoen, 

loi Arcade Building, 

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



In 1907 he sold his plant and patents 
to the United States Steel Corporation 
and retired to his estate in Delaware 
county, Pennsylvania, leaving upon the 
annals of steel manufacturing and rail- 
roading a name and a record that even 
time cannot efface. Without a falter, he 
placed reputation and wealth upon a con- 
viction that could only be the fruit of a 
master mind. He conquered obstacles 
that would have appalled many, and 
mankind is his debtor. Certain it is that 
but few men have lived to see the results 
of their ambitions, perseverance and 
brains, as plainly and to as great an ex- 
tent as has been the lot of Mr. Schoen. 

After his retirement from the steel 
wheel manufacturing business, Mr. 
Schoen retired to his estate in the beauti- 
ful Rose Valley of Delaware county, 
where in 1903 he had purchased the Os- 
borne farm of seventy-five acres, on 
which were water power and the ruins of 
an old woolen mill. He tore down the 
old farm house and on its site erected 
"Schon Haus," a beautiful modern coun- 
try gentleman's mansion. With the in- 
stinct of a true husbandman he planted 
extensive orchards and otherwise im- 
proved on a liberal basis. In 1908 he 
bought Todmorden farm of two hundred 
and ten acres, the Levis farm of forty- 
four acres, later purchasing fifty-one 
acres from the Rose Valley Association, 
combining all under the name "Rose Val- 
ley Farms." He has either built or re- 
paired all the buildings thereon, and 
otherwise added to the beauty and at- 
tractiveness of this most charming rural 
locality. 

The term "retired" in Mr. Schoen's 
case only means that he has turned to 
other forms of activity. In 1909 he built 
on the old waterpower on his estate a 
mill for the manufacture of that "giant 
in power" but "miser in fuel," the Feps 
carburetor, and flexible metallic hose for 
conveying, under high pressure and heat. 



steam, water, oil, air, etc., made in brass, 
bronze, or steel. These articles are man- 
ufactured by the Schoen-Jackson Com- 
pany, Mr. Jackson being his son-in-law. 
The name Feps is coined from the first 
letters of the four cardinal features of 
the new carburetor, F for flexibility, E 
for economy, P for power, and S for 
speed. The plant is equipped with the 
most modern machinery and has a ca- 
pacity of ninety thousand carburetors 
yearly as well as a testing laboratory for 
motors and carburetors, probably the 
most perfectly equipped in the United 
States. Mr. Schoen has built for his pri- 
vate use, as well as for that of the 
Schoen-Jackson Company, a stone office 
building of quaint and beautiful design. 
This is ostensibly his working place, but 
the cares of business were long ago laid 
aside or placed on younger shoulders, and 
the office is rather his resting place than 
his place of business, although the af- 
fairs of Schoen-Jackson are vigorously 
prosecuted by the junior partner, who 
profits by the experience and advice of 
his senior. An item of interest in Mr. 
Schoen's life is the fact that he was one 
of the first men in this county to carry 
a large amount of life insurance. 

Mr. Schoen and his wife are members 
of the Park Avenue Methodist Episcopal 
Church of Philadelphia. He is a Repub- 
lican in politics, and in 1912 was promi- 
nently mentioned as a candidate for Con- 
gress. He is a member of the Union 
League and the Manufacturers' Club of 
Philadelphia, the Lawyers' Club of New 
York, the Duquesne Club of Pittsburgh, 
and many railroad and manufacturing as- 
sociations. 

Mr. Schoen married, in 1864, Lavinia 
J., daughter of James and Mary North, 
of Wilmington, Delaware. Children: i. 
Edwin A., who died at the age of thirty- 
seven years ; he was associated in busi- 
ness with his father from his boyhood to 
his death, being the son alluded to as re- 



604 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ceiving the hot plates from the father in 
the little shop in Philadelphia; he mar- 
ried Mary Louise, daughter of Senator 
Charles A. Porter, and he left a son, Ed- 
win (2). 2. Elsie, married Martin Haw- 
ley McLanahan, of Philadelphia, and re- 
sides in Rose Valley; they have a son, 
Alexander, now in college. 3. Emeline, 
married Dr. Reuben Held, of New York 
City ; they have a son, Charles Johnson. 
4. Lenore, married M. R. Jackson, junior 
partner in the Schoen-Jackson Company; 
their residence is a handsome country 
mansion at the upper end of Rose Val- 
ley ; their children are Lenore and Jane. 
The foregoing record of the principal 
events in the life of one of America's 
great business men may properly close 
with his own words, uttered to a friend 
in 1900: 

You ask me if I had any inspiration? I think 
Smiles' little book, "Self-Help," which I read 
when a boy, sowed within me the germ of ambi- 
tion. I am a great believer in a young man hav- 
ing self-confidence. He will then undertake al- 
most anything, and will grasp opportunities 
which he would otherwise be too faint-hearted 
to undertake. Modesty in a young man is be- 
coming, and a modest young man may have en- 
ergetic powers in a high degree. Of course to 
a great extent we are creatures of circumstance 
even after we have done the best we can. I 
never had a day of despair in my life, and I 
think that what you are pleased to call my suc- 
cess has been entirely due to my innate deter- 
mination and pluck. 

Resting in a thicket of old pine and 
spruce trees, on a knoll in the beautiful 
Rose Valley below Moylan, "Schon 
Haus," the home of Mr. and Mrs. Charles 
T. Schoen, could have no more appro- 
priate title than that which has been 
given it from the quaint tongue of the 
Nord Deutsche. "Schon Haus" and 
"Rose Valley Farm," on which it stands, 
form a combination of mansion and coun- 
try gentleman's estate that is distinctive 
and delightful. The house, a gem of 
architecture, was originally built in 1862, 



and remodeled in 1904 for Mr. Schoen b\' 
his son-in-law, Martin Hawley McLana- 
han, who also designed and built many 
of the houses in Rose Valley. The house 
belongs to no single one of the old 
schools of architecture, but the best of 
many schools has gone to make the 
"House Beautiful." Built of stone and 
plaster and topped by a red tiled roof 
with far-projecting eaves, its air of sub- 
stantiality impresses one as it is seen 
from the drive through the stately ever- 
greens which surround it. No detail of 
the landscape gardener's art that could 
add to the general attractiveness has 
been overlooked in laying out the 
grounds. One most interesting and beau- 
tiful feature is the pergola leading from 
the quaint water tower to the main 
house, which, in the varying seasons, is 
covered by the clustering blooms from 
which the valley derives its name. An- 
other is the old-fashioned flower garden, 
a riot of color, reached through a rose 
arbor. The orchards, already in bounti- 
ful bearing, contain four thousand trees, 
planted ten years ago, classed as among 
the best apple orchards in the State. 
There is an orchard on each of the three 
original farms comprising Rose Valley, 
covering in all about one hundred acres. 
"Schon Haus" is never closed and within 
is a perfect example of the exquisite taste 
that makes for home comfort, with its 
massive furnittire, unique wood carving, 
sculpture, and many works of art. 

No visitor ever leaves "Schon Haus" 
without first looking over the "farm," of 
which the owner is justly proud. Over 
four hundred acres are in a perfect state 
of cultivation, well stocked with valuable 
farm animals. As one listens to the vari- 
ous bits of history connected with his 
live stock, it is hard to realize that this 
gentleman farmer is the man who was 
decorated with the Legion of Honor by 
the French government for having bv his 



605 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



inventions "reduced the cost of railroad 
transportation" for the entire world. 

In one corner of the garden is a sun 
dial made from a huge steel car wheel, 
bearing the number one hundred and 
two, one of the first two hundred wheels 
manufactured by Mr. Schoen under his 
own patents. "It represents to me some 
of my early struggles," says this quiet, 
unassuming owner of the "House Beau- 
tiful." 



HODGSON, William Hall, 
Jonmallst. 

William Hall Hodgson, founder of the 
"Daily Local News," of West Chester, 
Pennsylvania, is a native of the State, 
born in Doylestown, Bucks county, Octo- 
ber 15, 1830. 

John Hodgson, father of William Hall 
Hodgson, came from England when five 
years old, with his parents, William and 
Ann Hodgson, who brought with them 
other children: Francis, Sarah, Ann, 
Mary and Jane ; and after their arrival 
here, others were born to them : Benja- 
min, William and Esther. John Hodg- 
son, father of this family, learned the 
trade of printer in the office of the "Vil- 
lage Record," West Chester, and subse- 
quently was a compositor on the Doyles- 
town "Intelligencer." At that place he 
married Elizabeth Hall. He went to 
Norristown, and purchased the "Herald." 
After a few years he sold that paper and 
removed to Philadelphia, where he en- 
gaged in the mercantile business. In 
1842 he returned to West Chester and es- 
tablished "The Jeflfersonian," a Demo- 
cratic weekly, which was discontinued in 
1912. Mr. Hodgson was its owner until 
he disposed of it to his sons, William 
and Charles, he continuing as editor until 
1865, since which time his son William 
was sole proprietor to its discontinuance. 
In 1857 Mr. Hodgson was elected to the 
Pennsylvania Legislature, as a Demo- 



606 



crat. He died in Chester, in 1877, soon 
after establishing "The Times," a pres- 
ent-day prosperous journal. His children 
were: William Hall, of whom further 
mention will be made; Elizabeth, wife of 
J. Atwood Pyle, former postmaster of 
West Grove, still living; and Annie, 
Charles and John are deceased from acci- 
dental causes. All the sons followed in 
the footsteps of the father, and became 
printers. 

William Hall Hodgson, eldest son of 
John Hodgson, became a printer's ap- 
prentice when he was only twelve years 
old, and has never engaged in any other 
occupation. As an artist in the "art pre- 
servative of all arts," he has always been 
esteemed a master, by both members of 
the craft and the general public. Be- 
cause of his clean and intelligent work, 
and the excellent taste displayed by him 
in job printing and the make-up of his 
newspaper, he has won the distinction of 
bringing into these lines examples which 
have been of value to his fellows as well 
as a means of education to all who have 
been brought within range of his pains- 
taking efforts. November 19, 1872, he 
began the publication of the West Ches- 
ter "Daily Local News," with W. W. 
Thomson as editor, and these two names 
have been associated at the head of the 
paper continuously to the present time, 
a period of over forty-two years. In this 
connection it is not out of place to say 
that all of the reportorial force, the fore- 
man, pressman, and several others in the 
various departments of the paper, have 
been connected with it from twenty to 
over thirty years, all of which makes 
evident that such ties of association could 
not have existed but for a mutual respect 
and satisfaction felt alike by employer 
and employees. 

"The Local News" has won a place in 
the affections and esteem of the people 
of Chester county and in many places be- 
yond the county line because of its newsy 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



features, its fairness to all parties and 
sects, and its straightforward manner of 
serving its clientage, which is the largest 
of any Pennsylvania inland daily paper. 
Its equipment in the way of presses, 
typesetting machines and other equip- 
ment is not surpassed in any borough in 
the United States, and its general success 
is a marvel to newspaper makers 
throughout the country. This enviable 
position it has won upon the merits, by a 
strict attention to business, and an unfal- 
tering determination to make it a paper 
for the people, a fireside necessity, and a 
welcome daily visitor to the homes of an 
enlightened and discriminating people. 

In December, 1912, for the purpose of 
perpetuating the "Daily Local News," 
Mr. Hodgson formed a corporation, bear- 
ing the name of the Daily Local News 
Publishing Company, of West Chester, 
Pennsylvania. It is composed of four 
members, one of the number being his 
son. Mr. Hodgson is president of the 
company, and under the new order of 
things the paper gives promise of contin- 
ued influence and success. 

Mr. Hodgson has resided in West Ches- 
ter continuously for nearly eighty years, 
except a few months in 1857, which he 
spent in the west on a prospecting and 
business tour. In 1901, with his son, he 
made a three months' tour of Europe, 
having previously made a pleasure trip 
to Bermuda. In politics he is a Demo- 
crat. He is a member of the First Pres- 
byterian Church of West Chester, and of 
its board of trustees. He is also a mem- 
ber of the Masonic fraternity, the Odd 
Fellows, and the West Chester Social 
Club. 

Mr. Hodgson married (first) Alice 
Clayton, who died childless after about 
two years. He married (second) Sarah, 
youngest daughter of Anthony and Maria 
Rich, of Bucks county; she died child- 
less, in August, 1865. Mr. Hodg- 
son's third wife was Mrs. Wilhel- 



mina Pierson, nee Dennison, of Phila- 
delphia, their marriage taking place 
in that city in 1872. Of this union was 
born a son, Walter Dennison Hodgson, 
of West Chester. The third and last 
wife died in 1912. 

In the passing of this sketch of one 
who has made his imprint for good in the 
community in which he has lived almost 
continuously all of his long, useful and 
active life, it is eminently fitting to add 
that he enjoys at this period of his ad- 
vanced years the respect and esteem of 
all who share in his acquaintance. It 
may be truthfully said of him that he has 
gracefully met the advanced messengers 
of age and grown "young" under the 
touch of accumulating years, his mind, 
habits, and powers of reasoning being as 
fresh, practical and in touch with the de- 
mands of the times, as they ever were. 
He is to be found daily at his office look- 
ing after its affairs with the same as- 
siduity and keen business foresight as 
have led up to desired results in the way 
of honors and financial success. 



GORDON, George Breed, 

Prominent La-wyer. 

One of the most forceful lawyers of 
the city of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, a 
man whose even balance and disposition 
go to make up a most excellent judicial 
temperament, is to be found in the per- 
son of George Breed Gordon, senior 
member of the firm of Gordon & Smith, 
whose well equipped offices are in the 
Frick Building Annex. That the Scotch 
are noted for their long-headedness is a 
fact known the world over. Equally well 
known is the clan of the Gordons, who 
have taken a foremost rank in the annals 
of Scottish history. The traits which 
have distinguished the members of this 
clan in the earlier generations have been 
inherited in full measure by their Amer- 
ican descendants, and have been supple- 



607 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



mented by the progressiveness which is 
so characteristic of modern times, and 
of the American people in particular. 

Alexander Gordon, great-grandfather 
of George Breed Gordon, was born in 
Aberdeen, Scotland, and took up his resi- 
dence in Ireland for a time. In 1760 he 
emigrated to America, and made his 
home first in Berks county and later in 
Carlisle, Pennsylvania. His death oc- 
curred in 1794 and he was buried in Car- 
lisle, Pennsylvania. 

John, son of Alexander Gordon, was 
born in Baltimore, Maryland, where he 
was a merchant for many years, and 
where he died. In 1891 he married Ma- 
ria, born in York, Pennsylvania, 1786, a 
daughter of Peter Gaertner, of York, 
Pennsylvania, who was a native of Ger- 
many. The name was later anglicized to 
become Gardner. Mrs. Gordon removed 
to York with her family after the death 
of her husband, and she died in Pitts- 
burgh in 1847. 

Alexander, son of John and Maria 
(Gaertner) Gordon, was born in Balti- 
more, Maryland, January 30, 1813. He 
was but five years of age when his 
mother removed with her family to York, 
Pennsylvania, and he lived there until 
he had attained the age of nineteen years. 
At that time he went to Louisville, Ken- 
tucky, and three years later to Pitts- 
burgh. He was engaged first in mercan- 
tile business and later in coal mining un- 
til his retirement from active business 
life in 1879, '^"'i his death occurred Octo- 
ber 31, 1894. Mr. Gordon married 
Catherine, born June 8, 1823, daughter of 
Matthias Ogden Edwards, and great- 
great-granddaughter of President Jona- 
than Edwards. Her birth occurred in 
Binghamton, New York, and when she 
was sixteen years of age she removed 
with her parents to the State of Ohio. 
Children : Rev. John, a Presbyterian 
minister ; Orra Edwards, who resides in 
Edgewood ; Alexander, engaged in the 



lumber business ; George Breed (see for- 
ward) ; William G., cashier of First Na- 
tional Bank of Swissvale, Pennsylvania. 
George Breed, son of Alexander and 
Catherine (Edwards) Gordon, was born 
in the borough of Edgewood, Allegheny 
county, Pennsylvania, August i, i860. 
Having acquired his earlier education in 
a private school not far removed from his 
place of residence, Mr. Gordon became a 
student at the Western University of 
Pennsylvania, now the University of 
Pittsburgh, entering the preparatory 
school of the institution, and he remained 
there until the close of his freshman 
year. A few years were then spent in 
a commercial career, during which time 
he acted as clerk for two years for the 
Duquesne Coal Company, and for a 
shorter period in the same capacity for 
the Pennsylvania Company. Having by 
this time decided that his life work was 
to be found in the legal field, he entered 
upon his studies for this profession with 
the intense devotion which has charac- 
terized his efforts throughout life, and 
pursued them with a diligence born of 
the fascination of the subject. He com- 
menced reading law in the office of 
Hampton & Dalzell, and then took up 
the course at the Law School of Colum- 
bia University, New York City. He was 
graduated from this institution in 1883 
with the degree of Bachelor of Laws, 
cum laude, and was admitted to the bar 
of Allegheny county in November of the 
same 3'ear. His connection with Hamp- 
ton & Dalzell was continued until 1887, 
at which time Mr. Gordon associated 
himself in a partnership with John Dal- 
zell and William Scott, the firm practic- 
ing under the style of Dalzell, Scott & 
Gordon. Upon the dissolution of this 
partnership in 1906, Mr. Gordon asso- 
ciated himself with William Watson 
Smith and Ralph Langenecker, the firm 
name being Gordon & Smith, which is in 
force at the present time (1914). Mr. 



608 




^^^ 



7 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Gordon has confined himself to a general 
practice, making, however, a specialty of 
corporation law, and strictly avoiding 
criminal cases of any nature. For many 
years he has been the counsel for the va- 
rious divisions of the Pennsylvania Rail- 
road Company, of the various Westing- 
house companies, and of a number of 
other important corporations. Mr. Gor- 
don is held in high esteem among his col- 
leagues and especial commendation is ac- 
corded his careful and detailed prepara- 
tion of all cases, whether of corporation 
or individual practice. The skill and dex- 
terity he evinces in the preparation and 
presentment of his cases give him a place 
all his own at the Allegheny county bar. 

In the social life of the city, Mr. Gor- 
don also holds a prominent position. He 
is a member of the Church Club of the 
Diocese of Pittsburgh, of the Pittsburgh, 
Pittsburgh Golf, Duquesne, and Univer- 
sity and Athletic clubs of Pittsburgh, the 
Allegheny and Oakmont Country clubs, 
and of the Union League Club of New 
York. His city residence at 5250 Wilkins 
avenue, Pittsburgh, is the scene of many 
of the highest social gatherings of all 
sorts. The Gordon family is a very pop- 
ular one, and justly so, and when they 
retire to their spacious summer home on 
Long Island, the ideal family life is con- 
tinued there. In political matters Mr. 
Gordon gives his allegiance to the prin- 
ciples of the Republican party, while his 
religious affiliations are with the Protes- 
tant Episcopal church. 

Mr. Gordon married, June 4, 1889, 
Mary Edwards, a daughter of William 
B. Boorum, a prominent manufacturer of 
New York City. There is one child, 
Katherine Edwards. Mrs. Gordon is one 
of the most popular social leaders of the 
city of Pittsburgh. Her entertainments 
always have the stamp of originality and 
are certain to have a varied assortment 
of novel ideas to arouse the admiration 
and appreciation of her guests. She is a 



member and one of the directors of the 
Twentieth Century Club of Pittsburgh, 
and a highly valued leader in all matters 
connected with this association. Her 
daughter, Katherine Edwards, is en- 
dowed with many natural attractions, 
and in her set occupies a position similar 
to that occupied by her gifted mother. 
Mr. Gordon is a man of attractive per- 
sonal address, a brilliant conversational- 
ist, and of untiring energy. Courteous in 
his conduct to all, there is a dignity com- 
bined with affability in his bearing, 
which gains the confidence and esteem of 
all with whom he is brought into contact. 



HARVEY, Hon. Edward, 

Distinguished Jurist. 

The Bench and Bar of Pennsylvania, 
from the colonial period to the present 
time, has enjoyed a reputation for learn- 
ing, ability and character, unsurpassed by 
that belonging to the profession in any 
other State in the Union. Foremost 
among those who have brilliantly main- 
tained the traditional judicial prestige of 
the Keystone State was the late Hon. 
Edward Harvey, of Mauch Chunk, Pres- 
ident Judge of Lehigh county, and for- 
mer President Judge of the Thirty-first 
Judicial District of Pennsylvania. 

His father, George T. Harvey, was a 
prominent physician of Doylestown, 
Bucks county, Pennsylvania, and married 
Mary Kinse}^ La Rue, like himself, a 
representative of a family long estab- 
lished in the State. 

Edward Harvey, son of George T. and 
Mary Kinsey (La Rue) Harvey, was 
born January 17, 1844, in Doylestown, 
where he received his earliest education 
in the public schools. Later he was in- 
structed bj'- Rev. S. A. Andrews, who 
presided over a select school in the same 
town, passing thence to the high school 
of Lawrenceville, New Jersey, where he 
was prepared for college. In i860 he en- 



609 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tered Princeton University, where he 
pursued the regular course until his jun- 
ior year was finished, when he left in 
order to begin the study of law under the 
tutorship of Hon. George Lear, of 
Doylestown, an old friend of his father, 
and at that time the leading member of 
the Bucks county bar, subsequently be- 
coming Attorney General under Gov- 
ernor Hartranft. While reading law, Mr. 
Harvey bestowed some attention upon 
public speaking, availing himself of every 
opportunity for practice. While at that 
age he was an ardent Democrat, and a 
close student of the great political ques- 
tions of that remarkable period, and was 
better qualified than were most men of 
his years to express his opinions from 
the platform. In November, 1864, in his 
twentieth year, he delivered a remarka- 
ble address in Allentown, which estab- 
lished his high standing as an orator, and 
the cordial reception accorded him caused 
him to determine that he would make 
his future home in that city. 

In November, 1865, the year in which 
he attained his majority, Mr. Harvey was 
admitted to practice in the courts of Le- 
high county, on motion of Hon. S. A. 
Bridges ; he had previously been admit- 
ted to the Bucks county bar. In Janu- 
ary, 1866, he located in Allentown, and 
applied himself to the duties of his pro- 
fession, this marking his entrance upon 
a career which was destined to prove 
conspicuously successful. His excellent 
educational equipment, combined with 
natural abilities of a high order and ex- 
ceptional talents as a speaker, brought 
rapid advancement, and it was not long 
before he became the leader of the Le- 
high county bar, a position from which 
he was never displaced. He was asso- 
ciated with nearly all the principal causes 
tried in the local courts, and frequently 
was called to try cases in the neighbor- 
ing counties and in the Federal courts in 
Philadelphia and the Supreme Court of 

61 



Pennsylvania, in which he practiced with 
marked success. 

On January 14, 1878, Mr. Harvey was 
appointed President Judge of the Thirty- 
first Judicial District of Pennsylvania, to 
fill the vacancy occasioned by the resig- 
nation of Judge Longaker. This ap- 
pointment was a purely personal tribute, 
being made by Governor Hartranft, a 
Republican executive, and afiforded the 
highest possible evidence of the esteem 
and confidence in which Mr. Harvey was 
universally held. In the many cases 
which he tried while on the bench. Judge 
Harvey proved himself to be possessed 
of talents of a high order, and showed 
himself a master of the intricacies of the 
law. His decisions were distinctly im- 
partial, and clearly indicated a compre- 
hensive knowledge of the law, and rare 
analytical powers. Only six of his cases 
were appealed to the Supreme Court, 
and in each case his decision was sus- 
tained. In 1878 Judge Harvey was urged 
to accept an independent nomination for 
the County Judgeship, but he declined. 
In the following year he was earnestly 
requested by members of the Berks 
county bar to become a candidate for 
judge in that district, but this honor he 
also refused. In 1882 he was solicited 
to become a candidate for judge of the 
Dauphin and Lebanon counties district, 
by a committee of judicial conferees, and 
this also he declined. In the autumn of 
1903 he accepted the Democratic nomi- 
nation for President Judge of Lehigh 
county, and was elected, and during this 
period he splendidly maintained his fine 
judicial abilities. 

Determined to concentrate the whole 
force of his energies on the discharge of 
his duties as a lawyer and jurist. Judge 
Harvey habitually declined numerous 
flattering appointments and nominations 
of a political character, and in only a few 
exceptional cases went outside his pro- 
fession. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



In 1873 he was chosen a mem- 
ber of the State Constitutional Conven- 
tion, representing the senatorial district 
comprising the counties of Lehigh and 
Carbon. In that body he served as a 
member of the committee on corpora- 
tions, and took an active part in framing 
the organic law of the State. On April 
9, 1884, he was chosen by the Demo- 
cratic convention to represent the Tenth 
Congressional District in the Democratic 
National Convention held in Chicago in 
July of that year, and voted for Mr. 
Cleveland, whose candidacy he supported 
with conspicuous ability and zeal. Never 
an ofifice seeker, he has done loyal serv- 
ice for his party, advocating its princi- 
ples and supporting its candidates. In 
State and local party councils his views 
were ever sought, and carried with them 
great weight. During the second admin- 
istration of President Cleveland, Judge 
Harvey was tendered the position of As- 
sistant Secretary of the Interior, but de- 
clined the honor, inasmuch as acceptance 
would have necessitated the resignation 
of his large law practice, and would have 
also obliged him to make Washington 
City his place of residence. 

In March, 1878, when the First Na- 
tional Bank of Allentown was compelled 
to suspend on account of the unexpected 
failure of William M. Blumer & Com- 
pany, bankers. Judge Harvey was chosen 
president. His duties were delicate and 
highly responsible, the bank being in 
liquidation, and its assets requiring care- 
ful handling to insure successful liquida- 
tion. In the discharge of these duties. 
Judge Harvey displayed masterly legal 
ability and -financial skill, and in his suc- 
cessful and satisfactory conduct of the 
bank affairs, he may be said to have 
achieved one of the greatest triumphs of 
his career. 

Judge Harvey was at one time presi- 
dent of the Nazareth Portland Cement 
Company. For many years prior to his 



death he was president of the Second 
National Bank of Allentown, and of the 
Allentown Hospital Association, and a 
director of the Allentown Trust Com- 
pany. He was identified with the Protes- 
tant Episcopal church ; and was a char- 
ter member and past master of Greenleaf 
Lodge, No. 561, Free and Accepted 
Masons, of Allentown. 

There is no more honorable record pos- 
sible than that of a learned and upright 
judge — one who interprets the law with 
depth of insight, liberality of mind, and 
largeness of heart ; and who, in the ad- 
ministration of his office, knows no re- 
spect of persons, and listens to no voice 
but that of duty. Such a record was that 
of Judge Harvey. Scholarly in mind and 
of pleasing personality, his oratory was 
charming. Of the many popular occa- 
sions upon which his services were 
sought, the most notable was that on 
which he delivered, in Allentown, his 
memorial address upon President Mc- 
Kinley. 

He was the possessor of one of 
the finest law libraries in Eastern Penn- 
sylvania, besides an extensive private 
library of miscellaneous works. His 
great familiarity with a broad range of 
literature, combined with a remarkably 
retentive memory and a rare power of as- 
similating and applying the results of his 
reading to matters in hand, admirably re- 
inforced his large natural ability to pre- 
sent vividly and pleasingly any subject 
which might be under discussion. In his 
advancement he was entirely independ- 
ent, relying solely upon his own talents 
and force of character; and his standing 
and reputation as a lawj-er and thinker 
were the result of earnest and high- 
minded endeavor. His death occurred 
September 6, 1913, and was deeply 
mourned by all classes, as a distinct loss 
to the community among whom he had 
so long been an honored and loved figure. 



611 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



CAMPBELL, Bruce HaU, 

Iiairyer, Financier. 

Bruce Hall Campbell, of Johnstown, 
Assistant District Attorney of Cambria 
county and prominently identified with 
the political life of his community, is the 
bearer of a name which proclaims him a 
descendant of ancestors whose original 
home was the "land of brown heath and 
shaggy wood." The Campbells have 
been for centuries the most famous, per- 
haps, of the Scottish clans, and the name 
of Bruce recalls the memory of the hero 
who successfully repelled the English in- 
vaders and gloriously wore the crown of 
Scotland. 

Jacob Miller Campbell, father of Bruce 
Hall Campbell, was born November 20, 
1821, in Somerset county, Pennsylvania, 
and was a son of John and Mary 
(Weyand) Campbell, the former a native 
of Scotland and the latter born in Som- 
erset county. Jacob Miller Campbell 
was prominently associated with the iron 
industry of his native State, and early 
in the civil war enlisted in the Union 
army, emerging as a brigadier-general, 
serving with distinction and in after 
years rendering notable service as a con- 
gressman. He for two terms filled with 
credit the office of Surveyor-General of 
the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and 
was a man of note in his day and genera- 
tion. General Campbell married Mary 
Rankin, born May 13, 1827, in Pitts- 
burgh, daughter of James and Mary 
(Wylie) Campbell, natives of Scotland, 
the former a scion of the same illustrious 
race as that from which General Camp- 
bell himself sprang. General and Mrs. 
Campbell were the parents of several 
children, among them Bruce Hall, men- 
tioned below. The death of General 
Campbell occurred September 27, 1888, 
and was mourned as that of one who had 
served his country well both as a soldier 
and a civilian. 



Bruce Hall, son of Jacob Miller and 
Mary Rankin (Campbell) Campbell, was 
born August 7, 1874, in Johnstown, 
where he received his earliest education 
in the common schools, passing thence to 
Kiskiminitas Springs Preparatory School, 
then entering Phillips Exeter Academy, 
where he was prepared for Dickinson 
College. From that institution he passed 
to Dickinson Law School, graduating in 
1896. He immediately went to Chicago, 
intending to make that city the scene of 
his professional career, and the same year 
was admitted to practice in all the courts 
of Illinois. His advancement was rapid, 
the result of innate ability, close study 
and unwearied devotion to duty. For 
one year he served as Assistant Corpora- 
tion Counsel of the City of Chicago, and 
was looked upon as one of the rising 
young members of the Illinois bar. 

Feeling, nevertheless, a desire to iden- 
tify himself with his native state, Mr. 
Campbell returned, in 1899, to Johns- 
town, where he has since been continu- 
ously engaged in the active practice of 
his profession and has long been one of 
the recognized leaders of the Cambria 
county bar. The versatility of Mr. 
Campbell's talents and his inexhaustible 
energy enable him, without in the least 
neglecting his professional obligations, to 
give time and attention to other interests. 
He is a member of the board of directors 
of the Penn Traffic Company, the Cen- 
tury Stove and Manufacturing Com- 
pany, the Davis Brake Beam Company, 
and with other concerns of a like nature. 
He is president of the Leader Printing 
and Publishing Company, publishers of 
the "Daily Leader," a journal of good 
standing and circulation. On all these 
varied interests he bestows the requisite 
amount of care, allowing none of them 
to suffer for want of proper attention. In 
politics Mr. Campbell is an ardent Re- 
publican, being numbered among the 



612 




[^^l^^ty 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



leaders of his party in Cambria county. 
In 191 1 he was elected Assistant District 
Attorney for a term of four years, dat- 
ing from January i, 1912. From Janu- 
ary, 1907, to January, 191 1, he served as 
private secretary to Lieutenant-Governor 
Murphy. 

No inconsiderable portion of Mr. 
Campbell's attention is given to the study 
of horticulture, and at his country home 
in Upper Yoder tov^nship he has fine ap- 
ple orchards, his residence being known 
as "The Orchards." His interest in the 
welfare of his home city is unfailing and 
no" good work done in the name of 
charity or religion seeks his co-operation 
in vain. He is a member of the Loyal 
Legion, the Sons of Veterans, and the 
board of governors of the Johnstown 
Country Club, also affiliating with the 
Masonic fraternity, the Knights of 
Pythias, and the Greek letter fraternity, 
Phi Kappa Psi. He is a regular attend- 
ant of the Presbyterian Church. 

Mr. Campbell married, October 23, 
1901, Mabel Fussell, daughter of Edward 
B. and Annie W. (Fussell) Entwisle, both 
representatives of old families of English 
origin. Mr. and Mrs. Campbell are the 
parents of the following children : Bruce 
H., born August 11, 1902; Edward 
Entwisle, born August 25, 1905; Mary 
Rankin, born March 22, 1908; Robert 
Wylie, born November 19, 191 1. Mr. and 
Mrs. Campbell are both extremely popu- 
lar in the social circles of Johnstown, and 
their home is a centre of gracious and 
genial hospitality. 

]\Ir. Campbell's career has been thus 
far filled with achievement, but the rec- 
ord of a man of his type who has not 
yet completed his fourth decade is always 
peculiarly rich in promise for the years 
to come. The retrospective view deter- 
mines the outlook. The past gives as- 
surance of greater things in the not re- 
mote future. 



MOREN, John, 

Man of Affairs. 

Coal and gas form the Gibraltar upon 
which Pittsburgh has built her greatness 
at home and spread her fame to every 
part of the world. As early as 1800, coal 
was mined in the Pittsburgh district, and 
in 1818 was laid the foundation of the 
enormous river shipments of the present 
day. One model barge carries now as 
much as was then shipped in a year, and 
in the event of a rise in the rivers it is 
an ordinary thing to send two million 
bushels of coal south in one day. Prom- 
inent among the men who developed this 
mighty industry was the late Captain 
John Moren, organizer and general man- 
ager of the well known Advance Coal 
Company, and for a quarter of a century, 
perhaps, the most conspicuous operator 
in Western waters. Captain Moren was 
for more than thirty years a resident of 
Pittsburgh, and was closely identified 
with her leading interests. 

John Moren was born June 29, 1848, 
at Anderson's Landing, Hancock county. 
West Virginia, and was a son of Arthur 
and Rosanna (Haney) Moren, the former 
engaged in the fire-brick business. The 
children of Mr. and Mrs. Moren were 
John, Hugh, Arthur, Mary A., Thomas, 
and James. John Moren received a com- 
mon school education, and made many 
trips on vessels used for the transporta- 
tion of brick to Pittsburgh. In 1879 he 
removed to that city, and the same year 
was appointed captain of the steamer 
"Ike Hammet," later succeeding to the 
command of the "John Porter." In 1881, 
in association with his brother. Captain 
Hugh Moren, he purchased the steamer 
"I. S. Keefer" and rebuilt it, calling it the 
"Advance," and organized the Advance 
Coal Company, of which he became gen- 
eral manager. The enterprise prospered, 
as it could hardly fail to do, the vigorous, 
compelling nature and keen, practical 



613 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



mind of Captain Moren wrenching suc- 
cess, as it were, from any undertaking to 
which he gave his vitalizing energy. In 
1884 the firm built the steamer "John 
Moren," and in 1893 they built the 
"Stella Moren." In 1896 they con- 
structed the towboat "James Moren." 

The partners were also interested in 
the Redstone Coal Company, and eventu- 
ally, their business in the lower Ohio 
having increased with great rapidity, 
they purchased shares in the Collier- 
Budd Coal Company's elevator at Cincin- 
nati. Possessing as they did good tow- 
boats and excellent facilities for landing 
their coal in southern markets, the trade 
of the Advance Coal Company extended 
in course of time from Cincinnati to New 
Orleans, and from Pittsburgh to the lat- 
ter city Captain Moren was famous as 
"Captain John." In 1899 the firm sold 
out to the Monongahela River Consoli- 
dated Coal and Coke Company of Pitts- 
burgh, Captain Moren becoming general 
manager of its freight department. On 
January i, 1912, he resigned this posi- 
tion. 

Seldom, indeed, is it that a man as suc- 
cessful in business as was Captain Moren 
takes the keen and active interest in 
civic affairs which he ever manifested. 
Affiliating with the Republicans and 
keeping himself thoroughly informed 
upon political questions, although too 
busy to mingle actively in partisan move- 
ments, he never failed to support with 
his influence and means all measures 
which he deemed calculated to promote 
the public welfare. Always ready to re- 
spond to any deserving call made upon 
him, he was widely but unostentatiously 
charitable. 

With business ability and sagacity of 
a high order Captain Moren combined 
that mysterious quality known as per- 
sonal magnetism, and this, no doubt, had 
much to do with gaining him warm 
friends and rendering possible the suc- 

6 



cess of his many enterprises. He was a 
man whose very presence was a source 
of energy and confidence, inspiring those 
about him to put forth their best efforts. 
On his subordinates this quality acted 
with special power, and the kindness of 
heart which he ever manifested toward 
them won for him their enthusiastic loy- 
alty. There was about his whole per- 
sonality a certain impressiveness — the 
impressiveness which attaches to an air 
of habitual command. Of strong will, 
resolute courage and great tenacity of 
purpose, all that he accomplished was the 
product of his natural forces — he was 
thoroughly a selfmade man. His fine, 
open countenance, so often illuminated 
by a sunny smile, attracted all who ap- 
proached him and no man could be with 
him long without becoming his friend. 
The circle of his friends might be said 
to include all to whom he was known, 
and there was never a time when he did 
not possess the implicit confidence of the 
public. 

Captain Moren married. May 19, 1879, 
Maria A., daughter of John C. and Jo- 
sephine (Harbaugh) Josenhans, and the 
following children were born to them : 
Stella J., Paul E., Lewis H., Arthur E. 
Mrs. Moren, a woman of lovable person- 
ality and a devoted wife and mother, 
made the home over which she presided 
a haven of rest for the man whose stren- 
uous life rendered such a refuge indispen- 
sable. To Captain Moren the ties of 
family and friendship involved sacred 
obligations which it was at once the duty 
and delight of his life to discharge with 
the fullest devotion. Mrs. Moren, in her 
widowhood, possesses the warm affection 
of a large circle of friends and is active 
in works of charity and religion. 

On May 8, 1912, Captain Moren passed 
away, in San Francisco, California. In 
his home city the news was received with 
deep and sincere regret by all classes of 
the community. All felt that Pittsburgh 
14 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



had lost a man of rare executive ability 
and a citizen of sterling worth, kindly 
disposition and generous purpose. While 
he was mourned by many, those who had 
been admitted to his intimacy felt that 
in losing him they had lost a part of 
themselves. Of all the salient features 
in the character of Captain Moren there 
was none which contributed more largely 
to his success than did his extraordinary 
ability to read the future. Thirty-five 
years ago he foresaw the immense traf- 
fic which, in no small measure, he helped 
to create. But even his clear vision could 
hardly have discerned the possibilities 
which appear on the enlarged horizon of 
the present day. Pittsburgh owes these 
possibilities to her aggressive, adven- 
turous business men of the past genera- 
tion, and to none is she more deeply in- 
debted than to Captain John Moren. 



PARKE, Thomas E., 

Physician, Surgeon, Model Citizen. 

Born in the State of Georgia, but de- 
scending from English ancestors, early 
settlers in Chester county, Pennsylvania, 
Dr. Parke from youth was a resident of 
Pennsylvania, spending his professional 
and business life in the county wherein 
his emigrant ancestors first settled in 
1685. For forty-one years he was a resi- 
dent of Downingtown, twenty-two of 
these years a successful, skillful medical 
practitioner, ever a citizen of prominence, 
a city official of great efficiency, and a 
business man of ability and highest 
standing. His paternal and maternal an- 
cestors, Thomas Parke and John Edge, 
were prominent members of the Society 
of Friends, coming from England to 
Chester county, Pennsylvania, the latter 
in 1685, the former in 1724. His mother, 
Anne Bryan Graves, was born in the 
south, a connection of the Hinton-Graves 
family of Georgia. A relative, Dr. 
Thomas Parke, was an eminent physi- 



cian of earlier days and one of the dis- 
tinguished presidents of the College of 
Physicians and Surgeons of Philadelphia. 
Thomas E. Parke, M.D., was born in 
Augusta, Georgia, January 3, 1851, son 
of John E. and Anne Bryan (Graves) 
Parke. He came early in life to Penn- 
sylvania, and in the schools of this State 
obtained his classical and professional 
education, attending Lititz Academy, a 
Moravian school in Lancaster county, 
conducted for half a century by John 
Beck, and Tuscarora Academy, in Juni- 
ata county. At the age of seventeen he 
began the study of medicine under the 
direction of Dr. John P. Edge, of Down- 
ingtown, Pennsylvania, later with Fran- 
cis Gurney Smith, Professor of the Insti- 
tutes of Medicine, LTniversity of Pennsyl- 
vania, then entering the Medical Depart- 
ment of the University of Pennsylvania, 
whence he was graduated M.D. in 1871. 
He was a near relative of Dr. Thomas 
Parke, practitioner of medicine early in 
this century, at one time president of the 
College of Physicians and Surgeons, 
Philadelphia. After leaving the Univer- 
sity, Dr. Parke spent several months in 
Europe, availing himself of the profes- 
sional advantages offered by that coun- 
try. In 1872 he returned and located in 
Downingtown, where for twenty-two 
years he practiced his profession, retiring 
in 1894. During these years he rose to 
the front rank among the eminent physi- 
cians of the State ; served for ten years 
as secretary of the Downingtown Board 
of Health, of which he was an active 
member many more useful years ; was 
manager of the Chester County Hospital 
from its foundation in 1892 ; and was bur- 
gess of Downingtown five successive 
terms. He was a life member of the 
Academy of Science. He was, during 
his entire professional career, a member 
of the American Aledical Association, the 
Pennsj'lvan'a Medical and the Chester 
County Medical Societies, taking a deep 



615 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



interest in their work, an interest that 
did not terminate after his retirement 
from practice. After surrendering his 
connection with the active cares of his 
profession, Dr. Parke continued actively 
interested in the institutions devoted to 
the care of human ills, retaining his posi- 
tion on the board of managers of the 
Chester County Hospital, and acting in 
a similar capacity at one time on the 
governing board of Rush Hospital for 
Consumptives of Philadelphia. He also 
retained his directorship of the Down- 
ingtown National Bank, which he held 
from 1888 until his death, and was simi- 
larly connected with the Chester County 
Trust Company of West Chester; was 
president of the Dime Savings Bank of 
Chester County, and president of the 
Kyle Bank of Kyle, Texas, where his 
only brother, Oscar Graves Parke, is lo- 
cated. He had other and varied business 
interests that fully occupied his atten- 
tion after his retirement, although he de- 
voted much time to the institutions men- 
tioned and in gratifying his personal 
tastes for travel study. Even when bur- 
dened by the many calls made upon him 
by his large practice. Dr. Parke neglected 
none of the obligations of citizenship, but 
took a lively interest in borough affairs, 
serving on the board of health, and with 
zeal as well as skill, safeguarded the pub- 
lic health of his community. As burgess, 
1880-86, he served with fidelity, giving 
the borough his best qualities as a busi- 
ness, patriotic executive. In short, Dr. 
Parke failed in no requirements as physi- 
cian, citizen, friend or neighbor. His 
life was a useful one, and when termi- 
nated, December 12, 1913, he left behind 
him a wealth of true friends and an hon- 
ored name. 

Dr. Parke married (first) February 23, 
1881, Aleribah A. Willits, of Philadelphia, 
who died in 1882. He married (second) 
October 20, 1887, Mary A. Bacon, of Ger- 
mantown, Philadelphia, daughter of 



William Harry and Hannah (Haines) 
Bacon. Children : William Bacon, born 
September 19, 1891, died June i, 1902; 
Thomas, born July 6, 1901. Mrs. Parke 
survives her husband, a resident of 
Downingtown. 



HOSACK, George M., 

Corporation I^axryer, liegislator. 

The Bar of Pittsburgh, distinguished 
from the beginning, has grown in lustre 
with the passing years and from its ranks 
have been drawn some of the men most 
illustrious in the National and State gov- 
ernments. In the foremost rank of 
Pittsburgh lawyers of the present day is 
Hon. George M. Hosack. For many 
years he was active in the political arena 
and was a Republican Representative in 
the State Legislature of the old Fifth 
District of Pittsburgh. Mr. Hosack has 
been for the last twenty years a resident 
of the Iron City. 

George M. Hosack was born October 
7, 1866, at Dayton, Armstrong county, 
Pennsylvania, and is a son of Alexander 
Blackburn and Eliza (Wrigley) Hosack, 
the former a descendant of Scotch-Irish 
ancestors who were among the pioneers 
of Pennsylvania. Mrs. Hosack was born 
in England and in childhood was brought 
by her parents to the United States. 
George M. Hosack passed his boyhood 
working on a farm during the summers 
and during the winters attending school 
in Dunbar. He graduated in 1886 from 
the Connellsville high school. It was 
during the period of his attendance at the 
Dunbar school that he first became a 
wage-earner by acting as water-boy for 
Frederick Gwinner, the Allegheny con- 
tractor, who was then building the Atlas 
Coke Works at Dunbar. For a number 
of years he served as clerk in a store at 
Mount Pleasant, Pennsylvania, and after 
graduating from the Connellsville high 
school he was employed in the general 



616 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



store of Wood, Morrell & Company, at 
Wheeler, with whom he remained as 
clerk until the autumn of 1887. 

He then entered the Literary Depart- 
ment of the University of Michigan, 
where he devoted himself to the special 
study of economics in the School of His- 
tory and Political Science. In 1889 he 
entered the Law Department of the same 
institution, graduating in 1891 with the 
degree of Bachelor of Laws, and being 
admitted to practice in the Circuit and 
Supreme Courts of Michigan. Returning 
to Pennsylvania, he read law with Hon. 
S. Leslie Mestrezat, now a justice of the 
Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, and in 
1892 was admitted to the Fayette county 
bar. 

For one year Mr. Hosack engaged in 
practice at Uniontown and then came to 
Pittsburgh, where he was admitted to 
the Allegheny county bar, the Supreme 
Court of Pennsylvania and the United 
States District and Circuit Courts. 
Throughout the long period during 
which he has been in active practice he 
has devoted his time and energy chiefly 
to corporation law, making a special 
study of corporation taxation. He pos- 
sesses that judicial instinct which makes 
its way quickly through immaterial de- 
tails to the essential points upon which 
the determination of a question must 
turn. Politically, Mr. Hosack is a 
staunch Republican. Immediately after 
leaving the university he took an active 
part in the affairs of his party, associat- 
ing himself with the late Hon. Frank M. 
Fuller, former Secretary of the Common- 
wealth, then chairman of the Fayette 
County Republican Committee. Mr. 
Hosack became secretary of that commit- 
tee and held the position two years, re- 
signing upon his removal to Pittsburgh, 
where he at once became active in po- 
litical affairs. He affiliated with the Al- 
legheny County Republican organization, 
serving at various times on city, ward 



and county committees. His public 
spirit and rapidity of judgment enabled 
him, in the midst of incessant profes- 
sional activity, to give to the affairs of 
the community effort and counsel of gen- 
uine value. Less than three years after 
his removal to Pittsburgh he received the 
Republican nomination for member of 
the House of Representatives, and was 
elected from the Fifth District of the city 
by a majority of over 13,000. This was 
for the session of 1897, and he was re- 
elected for the sessions of 1899 and 1901. 
His influence was acknowledged during 
his first term, when as chairman of the 
oleo investigation he brought about a re- 
organization of the office of dairy and 
food commissioner, and refused to accept 
mileage from the State for serving upon 
a legislative investigating committee on 
the ground that the custom, which was 
an old one, was unconstitutional, and 
also for the reason that he had been put 
to no expense, having used a railroad 
pass while attending to the duties of the 
committee. By this act alone he saved 
the State thousands of dollars and for a 
time caused the discontinuance of the 
practice. In the session of 1899 Mr. 
Hosack was appointed chairman of the 
committee on ways and means, at that 
time a very difficult position, by reason 
of the fact that there was a deficit of 
several millions, and that a movement 
was on foot for the erection of a new 
State Capitol, the old one having been 
destroyed by fire two years before. ^Ir. 
Hosack introduced and secured the pas- 
sage of a number of measures relating to 
the fiscal system of the State, one of 
them being the bonus act putting foreign 
corporations on an equal footing with 
domestic corporations, an act which has 
brought hundreds of thousands of dollars 
into the State treasury. His activity re- 
ceived the tribute of the passing of ap- 
propriate resolutions, including the fol- 
lowing : "Mr. Hosack has shown himself 
117 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



well equipped for the position, with a 
broad and comprehensive knowledge of 
the subject of taxation, and has been uni- 
formly consistent and fair to all parties — 
that we, the Committee of Ways and 
Means of the House, tender him our 
thanks for his effort and the results ac- 
complished at the present session." This 
resolution was signed by Quay, anti- 
Quay and Democratic members alike. 

During the same session, as well as 
that of 1901, Mr. Hosack was a member 
of the corporations committee and was 
instrumental in securing legislation of 
great importance to the industrial and 
corporate interests of Pennsylvania. In 
1906 tlie State Republican Convention 
recommended the establishment of a 
State Railroad Commission, which he 
alone advocated, and which was the fore- 
runner of the Public Service Commis- 
sion. 

Despite his assiduous devotion to his 
constantly increasing legal practice, Mr. 
Hosack finds time to bestow due atten- 
tion on matters of business. He belongs 
to the Duquesne, University, and Ameri- 
cas clubs of Pittsburgh, the Pittsburgh 
Athletic Association, and Harrisburg 
Club. He is a member of the Masonic 
fraternity, a Knight Templar and a mem- 
ber of the Mystic Shrine. He also holds 
membership in the college society, Alpha 
Tau Omega. He is a member of the Belle- 
field Presbyterian Church. 

Of wide and ripe experience, Mr. Ho- 
sack looks the man he is. He possesses 
much of the magnetic force of the orator 
and has won distinction as a public 
speaker. He is one of the men who 
count — who are consulted on all matters 
and questions of importance to the com- 
munity. His sterling qualities of man- 
hood, genial personality and liberal views 
have drawn around him a large circle of 
warmly attached friends. 

Mr. Hosack married, November 16, 
1893, Delia, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. 

61I 



William P. Clark, of Connellsville, Penn- 
sylvania, and they are the parents of 
two sons and a daughter: George M., 
Jr. ; William Clark ; Margaret. Mrs. Ho- 
sack, a woman of rare wifely qualities, 
is admirably fitted to be a helpmate to 
her husband in his aspirations and ambi- 
tions. Devotion to his family is the rul- 
ing motive of Mr. Hosack's life and at 
his own fireside he ever finds a refuge 
from the cares of his professional duties. 
There are men who early reach the 
limit of achievement. The reason for 
this is, with some, the mediocrity of their 
talents, with others, the fact that their 
abilities, though great, are checked in 
their development by the lapse of years. 
George M. Hosack belongs to neither of 
these classes. That his gifts, both as 
lawyer and legislator, are of no ordinary 
quality, has been abundantly proved in 
the past. That the future has greater 
things in store for him is beyond ques- 
tion, for he is one of the men with whom 
increase of years means simply added 
powers and enlarged opportunities. 



PAGE, S. Davis, 

Distinguished liavryer and Public Official. 

S. Davis Page, of Philadelphia, who 
after an active professional and public 
career of more than a half-century, now 
in his seventy-fourth year, is yet en- 
gaged in the duties of his calling, and has 
been pronounced by an eminent annalist 
to be the most interesting and most pic- 
turesque bearer of the family name, in 
its relation to Quaker City affairs. He 
has behind him a notable ancestry. He 
is descended from Colonel John Page, 
who was born in England, in 1627, and 
came to Virginia when about twenty- 
three years of age. He became colonel 
of militia, county lieutenant, and a mem- 
ber of the Governor's Council. Mr. S. 
Davis Page is allied with others of the 
most famous Virginia families, notably 




..^ 




ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the Nelsons and Byrds, through inter- 
marriages of his forbears. 

Dr. William Byrd Page, father of Mr. 
Page, was born in 1817, at "Pagebrook," 
Clarke county, Virginia. He graduated 
from the Medical Department of the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania in his twenty- 
first year, and located in Philadelphia, 
where he was destined to become one of 
the most distinguished physicians and 
honored citizens of his day. He held a 
foremost place in the professional facul- 
ties of his city, and was especially noted 
as a gynecologist. He was actively iden- 
tified with various learned bodies whose 
membership embraced the leading scien- 
tific minds in the community, and left an 
indelible impress upon them by reason of 
his marked ability. He married Celes- 
tina Anna Davis, of Natchez, Missis- 
sippi ; she was of New England descent, 
numbering among her forbears Roger 
Williams, founder of Rhode Island ; Dep- 
uty Governor Greene, of the same col- 
ony; and Edward Freeman, of Massa- 
chusetts. Of this marriage were born 
three children — S. Davis Page, of whom 
further hereinafter; Maria Vidal, who 
became the wife of Lieut. Thomas C. 
Bowie, C. S. A. ; and Margaret Byrd, who 
became the wife of Captain Henry H. 
Harrison, C. S. A., and who now resides 
with a daughter. 

S. Davis Page, son of Dr. William 
Byrd Page, was born in Philadelphia, 
September 22, 1840. After acquiring a 
preliminary education in the Gregory 
Latin School and Dr. Williams' Classical 
School, Philadelphia, he entered Yale 
College when not yet fifteen years old, 
and graduated with honors as Bachelor 
of Arts in the class of 1859, before the 
age of nineteen. He was a member of 
the Delta Kappa Epsilon and the Phi 
Beta Kappa fraternities. He was com- 
modore of the Yale navy, and trained the 
first of its crews that ever won a victory 
over Harvard. 



Making choice of the legal profession, 
Mr. Page read law in the office of Hon. 
Peter McCall, of Philadelphia, then at- 
tending lecture courses in the Harvard 
Law School and subsequently in the Law 
Department of the University of Penn- 
sylvania, and was admitted to the Penn- 
sylvania bar December 5, 1864. He soon 
attained prominence in his profession, 
in which he has been actively engaged 
to the present time. In 1884 he formed 
the law firm of Page & Allison, to which 
Hon. Boies Penrose (afterward United 
States Senator), and also H. W. Page 
were later admitted, and the firm name 
changed to Page, Allison & I'enrose. 
This firm was dissolved by the death of 
Mr. Allison in 1901, and the withdrawal 
of Mr. Penrose on February ist, 1905, 
and was succeeded by the present firm of 
Page & Page, consisting of the founder 
of the firm and his eldest son, Howard 
Wurts Page. As to the professional ca- 
reer of Mr. Page, a distinguished Phila- 
delphia writer has said: 

"In the practice of his profession Mr. Page 
stands deservedly high, and few attorneys in 
Philadelphia or elsewhere have enjoyed to such 
a full extent the confidence and trust of the 
community at large. His name is written close 
to the top of the city's notable lawyers. He has 
always taken an active interest and a prominent 
part in the affairs of his native city, as well as 
in State and National politics and policies, and 
had it not been for the exactions of his prac- 
tice there is little doubt that his career as a pub- 
lic servant would have been much more exten- 
sive. He has preferred, however, to devote his 
life to his profession, and to permit only such 
interruptions of his practice as the care of his 
financial interests demanded, and when his decli- 
nation to serve his city and State would not be 
accepted by his fellow citizens. His intimate as- 
sociation with vital events, his broad sympathies 
and equitable judgments, his legal skill and un- 
questionable ability as an orator, have con- 
tributed to win him a well-merited renown, and 
demanded of him a share in the public service." 

In the stress and strain of latter day 
affairs there may be those who have for- 



619 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



gotten the conspicuous part played by 
Mr. Page in the civic activities of the 
past. Yet there are many more, whose 
memories are keen and unerring, who 
vividl}' recall the extent of his partici- 
pancy in all local movements aiming at 
tlie public good, and the vigor with which 
he fought for honest and efficient gov- 
ernment in his native city, often against 
great obstacles and apparently over- 
whelming odds. In January, 1877, he 
entered the City Council, to represent 
the Fifth Ward, in which he has resided 
(at the corner of Fourth and Spruce 
streets) since 1873. A stalwart Demo- 
crat of the old school, and the district 
being regarded as a Republican strong- 
hold, his election was proof of his strong 
personality and of the confidence re- 
posed in him. In that and succeeding 
years of a most tempestuous period in 
the history of the municipality, he was 
in the forefront of all the titanic battles 
waged against misrule and machine 
methods, and during those years his 
name was written in letters large and 
luminous in the history of Philadelphia. 
He remained in the Council until 1881, 
taking part in every important movement 
for better government, and serving on 
many important committees, both gen- 
eral and special. He rendered invaluable 
service in the investigation and reorgani- 
zation of the tax office, and in formulat- 
ing and securing the passage of the act 
of 1879, known as the "Pay as you go 
act." He was also influential in securing 
the adoption of the law requiring pay- 
ment and abolition of unpaid city war- 
rants. His name figured prominently in 
connection with the investigation of the 
old gas trust, leading finally to its abol- 
ishment. In April, 1882, he was returned 
to the Council, and was immediately 
placed upon the committees on finance, 
law, and gas, and was chairman of the 
last named, as well as of that on munici- 
pal government. From the latter he ob- 



tained a report on the Bullitt bill, creat- 
ing a new city charter, and which was 
afterward passed by the legislature. In 
February, 1883, he resigned to accept the 
office of City Controller, under appoint- 
ment by Governor Pattison, and served 
until the following January, winning a 
large measure of public commendation 
for the zeal and intelligence with which 
he had administered the duties of that 
important post. As Democratic candi- 
date for the same office, he was defeated 
in the ensuing election. For four years 
beginning in 1886 he was Assistant 
United States Treasurer in Philadelphia, 
under Presidents Cleveland and Harri- 
son, discharging his duties to the entire 
satisfaction of the Treasury Department 
and the business community. His last 
important public trust was in 1891, when 
the Governor made him a member of the 
commission appointed to investigate the 
accounts of John Bardsley, the derelict 
city treasurer, at the time of the failure 
of the Keystone National Bank. With 
reference to this long and useful public 
service a local annalist may be thus 
quoted : 

"His standards of duty were lofty. His 
methods were clean and manly. He employed 
the truth, though the telling of it created enmi- 
ties. He knew no master except his own con- 
science. He sought to perform his whole duty 
as a citizen and as a public servant, according 
to the soul inspiration which dominated the ac- 
tions and eventualities of the life which was not 
his, but God's. . . . This man I knew, for I 
was with him in the public service. And this 
assertion I make unhesitatingly, unequivocally — • 
never, in all my experience, have I been asso- 
ciated with a man whose conceptions of duty 
were purer, whose heart possessed less of guile, 
whose pulse-beats were more completely ad- 
justed to the higher attributes which go to make 
up the ideal gentleman." 

Aside from his professional and public 
activities, Mr. Page has figured promi- 
nently in financial circles. He has been 
a director of the Quaker City National 



620 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Bank for thirty-four years, and was its 
president in 1890-91. He has been a di- 
rector of the Merchants Trust Company 
from its incorporation in 1889, and has 
recently been elected to the directorate 
of the Merchants Union Trust Company 
— a combination of the former institution 
with the Union Trust Company. Recog- 
nized as an authority upon financial mat- 
ters, he was made a delegate from Penn- 
sylvania to the National Bankers Con- 
vention, held at the time of the Colum- 
bian Exposition in Chicago, and deliv- 
ered before that body a comprehensive 
address on the resources and the finance 
and banking laws of Pennsylvania. 

Mr. Page is widely known in connec- 
tion with various leading patriotic and 
historical associations. He is governor 
of the Pennsylvania Society of Colonial 
Governors, president of the Colonial So- 
ciety, and deputy governor-general and 
lieutenant-governor of the Society of Co- 
lonial Wars in Pennsylvania, deriving his 
membership eligibility from many of the 
most distinguished figures in colonial his- 
tory — Roger Williams and Caleb Carr, 
governors of Rhode Island ; John Greene 
Jr., lieutenant-governor of Rhode Island ; 
William Nelson and Robert Carter, gov- 
ernors of Virginia ; and Edward Shippen, 
lieutenant-governor of Pennsylvania. He 
is also a member of the Sons of the Revo- 
lution ; the Historical Societies of Penn- 
sylvania and of Virginia; the American 
Bar Association, the Pennsylvania Bar 
Association, the Law Association of 
Philadelphia ; and of Clubs — the Ritten- 
house, University, Lawyers, City, Demo- 
cratic and Harvard ; the Yale Alumni As- 
sociation of Philadelphia ; the Alumni 
Association of the Delta Kappa Epsilon 
fraternity in Philadelphia, of which he 
was at one time president ; and the Re- 
form Committee of Seventy, and the 
Committee of One Hundred. He is a 
communicant of St. Peter's Protestant 
Episcopal Church, the old colonial 



church at Third and Pine streets, in 
which he has been a vestryman for nearly 
thirty years ; and he has always been an 
active supporter of various departments 
of church work. 

Mr. Page married, September 25, 1861, 
Isabella Graham Wurts, born in Phila- 
delphia, March 16, 1840, died in Pau, 
France, March 23. 1867, daughter of Wil- 
liam Wurts, of Philadelphia, by his wife, 
Elizabeth Tate, and of a family of old 
and famous lineage clearly traced 
through many centuries. Children : 

1. Howard Wurts Page, born June 
30, 1862; graduate of University of Penn- 
sylvania, A.B., A.M., LL.B. ; with his 
father in law firm of Page & Page ; mar- 
ried Edith, daughter of James S. and 
Mary (Hazard) Cox; children: S. Davis 
Page Jr., Edith Nelson Page, Evelyn 
Byrd Page, Mary Cox Page. 

2. Ethel Nelson Page, born December 
18, 1864; married, November 16, 1898, 
James Large, of Philadelphia, who died 
October 2, 1902. 

3. William Byrd Page, born February 
23, 1866; graduated from L^niversity of 
Pennsylvania, with degree of B.S., 1887, 
and following year as Mechanical Engi- 
neer ; for many years in the motive power 
department of the Pennsylvania Rail- 
road ; resides at Chestnut Hill, Philadel- 
phia. 



MASON, Harrison Denning, 
Railway Official. 

Harrison Denning Mason was born 
January 27, 1855, in the city of Allegheny 
(now North Side, Pittsburgh). Pennsyl- 
vania, and is a son of Harrison and Caro- 
line Lydia (Denning) Mason, the former 
a son of Archibald Dale Mason, with 
whom he was associated in the building 
of steamboats on the Ohio river. In the 
old Pittsburgh directories issued between 
the years 1826 and 1841 may be found 
lists of boats constructed bv the firm. 



621 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



The education of Harrison Denning 
Mason was received at the Newell In- 
stitute, Pittsburgh, James R. Newell, 
principal. It was a school at which stu- 
dents were prepared for college, but Mr. 
Mason early made choice of a business 
career, and events speedily proved that in 
so doing he had selected the field for 
which his natural endowments ]ieculiarly 
fitted him, his ability as a man of aflfairs 
becoming manifest at an early period. 

From 1880 to 1900 Mr. Mason was as- 
sociated in various capacities with the 
Allegheny Valley Railway at Pittsburgh, 
finally succeeding to the position of pur- 
chasing agent. His associates while con- 
nected with that company were David 
McCargo, Charles B. Price, Spencer B. 
Rumsey, Thomas R. Robinson, Frank M. 
Ashmead, Theodore F. Brown and other 
men of influence in railway affairs. Since 
1900 he has been connected with the Pen- 
sion Department of the Pennsylvania 
lines west of Pittsburgh. 

A loyal son of Pittsburgh, Mr. Mason, 
as a business man, ever gives his best 
efforts to the advancement of the ma- 
terial prosperity of his native city, but, 
over and above this, he is a true and 
faithful citizen, taking deep and sincere 
interest in all concerns relative to the 
welfare of Pittsburgh, and extending 
substantial aid wherever, in his judg- 
ment, it will further public progress. He 
is identified with the Republicans, and, 
while he has never held public office, 
takes a keen interest in political affairs. 
No good work done in the name of 
charity or religion seeks his co-operation 
in vain, and in his work of this character, 
to which his leisure hours are mainly de- 
voted, he brings to bear the same dis- 
crimination and thoroughness that are 
manifested in his business life. He is a 
director of the Passavant Hospital and 
a trustee of the North Presbyterian 
Church, North Side. The only social or- 
ganization with which he is connected is 



the Civic Club of Allegheny County. 

Mr. Mason married, September 11, 
1878, in Allegheny City, Mary Ella, 
daughter of Robert and Sophia Eliza- 
beth (Henrici) McCargo, and they were 
the parents of six sons: Harrison Den- 
ning, born December 19, 1879, mining 
engineer; Dean Kenneth, born November 
4, 1881, civil engineer; Earle Dilworth, 
born November 1 1. 1883, also a civil engi- 
neer; Dale Robert, born October 14, 
1886, mechanical engineer; Charles Mc- 
Cargo, born .\ugust 9, 1890, student at 
State College; and David Malcolm, born 
June 6, 1893, student at Carnegie School 
of Technology, Pittsburgh. Mrs. Mason 
is a woman of grace, charm and tact, and 
the beautiful home on the North Side 
over which she presides is noted as the 
abode of culture and refinement and of 
open-handed hospitality. Mr. Mason is 
devoted to his wife and family, and the 
education of his sons has been the object 
of his deepest interest and most earnest 
attention and forethought. Men like 
Harrison Denning Mason are the up- 
builders of their communities for the rea- 
son that their influence is a comprehen- 
sive and wide-reaching power, strength- 
ening not material interests alone, but 
every element which makes for the bet- 
terment of society and the uplifting of 
humanity. 

Dean Kenneth Mason was married, 
December 4, 1912, to Mary Josephine, 
daughter of James Murtagh and Annie 
Hooper Plummer. Mr. Murtagh was 
born in the village of Ohio, Illinois; his 
wife, at Salem, Massachusetts. Mr. and 
Mrs. Mason reside at Clifton, Arizona. 
They have one child, Mary Elizabith, 
born at Clifton, November i. 1913. 

A lover of letters, the subject of this 
sketch has made his own modest contri- 
bution to the literature of his native city, 
mainly in verse. He finds the highest 
pleasure in the companionship of Nature 
and in books. 



622 




\vy^-v>o 





ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



DARLINGTON, Jas. H., D.D., LL.D., 
Bishop of Harrisbnrg. 

The Church, from its very inception, 
has wielded a power superior to that of 
the State, for the reason that the spiritual 
pervades and moulds, and, sooner or later, 
dominates the temporal. In the history 
of our own race this truth has been re- 
peatedly exemplified, notably in the lives 
of those ecclesiastics, such as Dunstan, 
Abbot of Glastonbury, and Thomas a 
Becket, the murdered and afterward 
canonized Archbishop of Canterbury, 
whose authority exceeded that of their 
sovereigns. It is into the mouth of the 
first Anglican Archbishop of Canterbury 
that Shakespeare puts the magnificent 
prophecy descriptive of the glories of 
"the spacious times of great Elizabeth" 
and those of her Scottish successor, caus- 
ing him to say of the latter, 

"Wherever the bright sun of heaven shall shine, 
His Honor and the greatness of His name 
Shall be, and make new nations ;" 

thus grandly foretelling the flourishing of 
our race on these western shores, where 
already the earliest settlements had been 
planted. Of the incalculable influence, 
inspiring and beneficent, exercised by the 
Church during the period of the upbuild- 
ing of the American Colonies, and of its 
noble part in the Revolutionary struggle, 
it is needless to speak. That the influence 
of the Church has steadily increased dur- 
ing the last century can be questioned 
by few thoughtful and penetrating ob- 
servers. Whik, perhaps, less obviously 
and institutionally exerted, it is, for that 
very reason, more pervasive and power- 
ful. Especially is this the case when the 
Church's leaders are men of broad minds 
and liberal sentiments, quick to "discern 
the signs of the times" — men of the type 
so forcibly represented in our own day 



by James Henry Darlington, First Bishop 
of Harrisburg. 

James Henry Darlington is descended 
from old New England, New York and 
Virginia colonial families. The name 
Darlington is French, being originally De 
Arlington or D'Arlington. He was born 
at Brooklyn, New York, June 9, 1856, son 
of Thomas and Hannah (Goodliffe) Dar- 
lington, and a grandson of Peter Darling- 
ton. James Henry Darlington entered 
the University of New York, graduating 
from the academic course with the de- 
gree of B.A. in 1877; graduated from 
Princeton Seminary in 1880, receiving in 
1884 the degree of Ph.D. from Princeton 
LTniversity and D.D. in 1895 from his 
alma mater; LL.D. from St. John's Col- 
lege, Annapolis, Maryland, in 1905, and 
from Dickinson College in 1907. He took 
deacon's orders in the Episcopal Church 
in 1882 and was ordained priest by 
Bishop Littlejohn in the same year. Dur- 
ing the year 1882-1883 he was assistant 
in Christ Church, Bedford avenue, Brook- 
lyn, New York, becoming rector the fol- 
lowing year. He officiated here until 
1905, when he became First Bishop of 
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. 

A man of deeply imbedded convictions 
as to right and duty, and as true to such 
convictions as is the magnetic needle to 
the pole, abounding in sympathy with the 
sorrowing, a man of broad views, large 
faith and a great heart, such is Bishop 
James Henry Darlington. His style of 
speaking is original, and a deep earnest- 
ness and sincerity pervade his utterances 
and carry conviction with them. Bishop 
Darlington is author of "Verses for Chil- 
dren," and editor of the Hymnal of the 
Church. He was chaplain of the Fortj'- 
seventh Regiment of the National Guard 
of the State of New York for eight years. 
He is a member of the Society of Colo- 
nial Wars, the Sons of the Revolution, 
St. Nicholas, National Geographic and 
other societies, and of the L^niversitv 



623 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Club of Brooklyn, New York, and the 
Westminster Club of England. He has 
lectured at Cuddesdon College, Wheatly, 
Oxford, and several American universi- 
ties. He is a thirty-third degree Mason, 
and chaplain of the Pennsylvania Society 
and chaplain-general of the Huguenot 
Society of America, and has published 
numerous addresses and pamphlets which 
have had a large circulation. 

Bishop Darlington married, July 26, 
1886, in the Cathedral of the Incarnation, 
at Garden City, Long Island, New York, 
Ella Louise Beams, daughter of James 
Sterling Beams, president of the Kings 
County Bank, Brooklyn. Mrs. Darling- 
ton is a woman of culture and charm, 
winning the warm friendship of all who 
are brought within the sphere of her in- 
fluence, and performing with tact and 
grace the many and exacting duties which 
devolve upon the wife of a metropolitan 
clergyman. Both the Bishop and his wife 
are popular in the social life of the city 
and diocese, and are noted for their hos- 
pitality, their winter home, at Harris- 
burg, Pennsylvania, being the scene of 
many functions. Their villa at New- 
port, "The Corners," is one of the hand- 
somest at that famous resort, and a num- 
ber of bishops and other leading church- 
men are entertained there in the height 
of the season. Children of Bishop and 
Mrs. Darlington : Henry V. B. and Gil- 
bert S. B., both graduates of Columbia 
University, and now attending the Gen- 
eral Theological Seminary of the Episco- 
pal Church, in New York City ; Elliott 
C. B., a student at Columbia University; 
Eleanor Townsend, and Kate Brampton 
Darlington. 

In this time of turmoil and transition, 
the value, both to the Church and to the 
community at large, of such a man as 
Bishop Darlington, is well-nigh inesti- 
mable. A loyal churchman, faithful to 
the traditions of the past, and wisely con- 
servative, none more fully recognizes the 



truth that in this age, as in every other 
which has preceded it, "the old order 
changeth, yielding place to new," and al- 
ways he stands in the front rank of those 
who, by their deeds even more than by 
their spoken words, show their fellow- 
men how to 

" — —gain in life as life advances, 
Valor and Charity more and more." 



HOLLAND, William J., D.D. 

Clergyman, Educator, Scientist. 

Dr. William Jacob Holland was born 
August 16, 1848, at Bethany, a Moravian 
mission-station on the Island of Jamaica, 
West Indies. His father, the Rev. Fran- 
cis Raymond Holland, was a native of 
North Carolina, a descendant of John 
Holland, one of the early settlers of Sa- 
lem, in that state. On his father's side 
Dr. Holland traces his descent from the 
well-known English family to which be- 
longed Philemon Holland, the translator 
of Pliny and other classic authors, and 
William Holland, the friend of White- 
field and Wesley. His mother was the 
only child of Jacob Wolle and Eliza 
(Horsfield) Wolle, through whom Dr. 
Holland traces his descent from some of 
the very earliest settlers of the cities of 
New York and Philadelphia. At the time 
of his birth his parents were temporarily 
sojourning in Jamaica, his father being 
a missionary of the Moravian church. 
He was brought in his infancy to the 
United States, and resided with his 
parents, first in Ohio, and then in North 
Carolina until 1863, when in the fall of 
that year the family removed to Bethle- 
hem, Pennsylvania. 

Dr. Holland received his early educa- 
tion in the schools of the Moravian 
church, graduating from the Moravian 
College at Bethlehem in 1867. Subse- 
quently he entered Amherst College, 
where he graduated, taking the degree of 



624 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



B.A. in 1869, and in 1872 taking the de- 
gree of M.A. in course. Immediately 
after graduating he became the head- 
master of the Amherst High School, suc- 
ceeding in this position Charles H. Park- 
hurst, since known as one of the most 
eminent clergymen of New York City. 
Leaving Amherst, Dr. Holland accepted 
the headmastership of the High School 
at Westborough, Massachusetts, where 
he taught from 1870-1871, meanwhile 
studying medicine under a preceptor. 
Abandoning the idea of entering the med- 
ical profession, in the fall of 1871 he en- 
tered Princeton Theological Seminary, 
where he completed the regular course of 
study in the spring of the year 1874. In 
1872 he had been ordained as a clergy- 
man of the Moravian church, but in 1874 
he was transferred to the ministry of the 
Presbyterian church, and in April of that 
year was installed as the pastor of the 
Bellefield Presbyterian Church in the city 
of Pittsburgh. For ten or more years he 
was the clerk of the Presbytery of Pitts- 
burgh. His pastorate continued until 
the early spring of the year 1891, when 
he resigned his pulpit to accept the chan- 
cellorship of the Western University of 
Pennsylvania (now the University of 
Pittsburgh). Under the inspiring lead- 
ership of Dr. Holland the University 
grew and prospered, until it held in point 
of numbers the second place among the 
institutions of learning in Pennsylvania. 
At the time when he became chancellor 
the only departments were the College, 
the School of Civil and Mechanical Engi- 
neering, and the Allegheny Observatory. 
Lender his administration, departments 
of instruction' in electrical and mining 
engineering, medicine, law, dentistry, and 
pharmacy were added ; and the number 
of students taking courses was multiplied 
more than eightfold. Dr. Holland re- 
mained at the head of the University un- 
til 1901, when he resigned his position 
in order to devote his entire time to the 



affairs of the Carnegie Museum, with 
which he had been connected since its 
foundation in 1897. He still holds the 
position of director of this Museum, 
which has grown to be recognized as one 
of the foremost institutions of its kind. 

In early life Dr. Holland was devoted 
to the study of the languages and com- 
parative philology. He is known as an 
accomplished linguist. Besides being fa- 
miliar with the Latin and Greek lan- 
guages, which he taught for several years 
after graduation from college, he early 
devoted himself to the study of the 
Semitic languages and the modern lan- 
guages of Europe. He took the Carter 
prize for the best knowledge of Hebrew 
on entering Princeton Seminary, and 
spent much time in the study of Chaldee 
and Arabic, the latter as a private pupil 
of the late Professor William H. Green, 
of Princeton. In Amherst he had de- 
voted himself to the study of Japanese, 
having as his pupil in Greek the first 
Japanese educated in America, the 
founder of the Doshisha, or Christian 
University in Kyoto, who, in return for 
the instruction he received in Greek, im- 
parted to his teacher a knowledge of 
Japanese. The modern languages have 
been his constant study for many years, 
and he has a reading knowledge of most 
of them, and has made public addresses 
in Germany before learned bodies in Ber- 
lin and \^ienna, and has lectured in 
French in Paris, and in Spanish in Ma- 
drid. 

While a devoted student of languages 
throughout his life, Dr. Holland has been 
no less devoted to the natural sciences, 
and to art. His father was interested in 
conchology, his mother's father was an 
accomplished amateur botanist, the friend 
of Darlington, Mead, Shortt, Torrey, 
Sprague, and Asa Gray, the leaders in 
botanical research in America. In early 
childhood he began to collect plants and 
animals and studv their wavs. Soon 



62 = 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



after settling in Pittsburgh he seriously 
took up the study of entomology, and 
succeeded in amassing the largest collec- 
tions of the insects of the world in pri- 
vate hands in North America (the col- 
lection is now deposited in the Carnegie 
Museum). With this collection before 
him he has written many papers, in 
which he has described hundreds of spe- 
cies new to science, especially from tropi- 
cal Africa and the Orient. He is re- 
garded to-day as one of the highest liv- 
ing authorities upon the lepidoptera (but- 
terflies and moths), and his published pa- 
pers upon this and other groups of in- 
sects number over one hundred titles. 
He is the author of "The Butterfly 
Book" and "The Moth Book," published 
by Doubleday, Page & Co., the two most 
widely known and most popular works 
upon the lepidoptera of North America 
in existence. Some of the other impor- 
tant papers from his pen are "The Lepi- 
doptera of Celebes" (1889) ; "Descrip- 
tions of New Genera and Species of West 
African Lepidoptera" (1894); "A Pre- 
liminary Revision and Synonymic Cata- 
logue of the Hesperiidae of Africa and 
the Adjacent Islands" (1896) ; "The 
Lepidoptera of Buru" (1901). He has 
given assistance to Sir George F. Hamp- 
son in the preparation of his "Catalogue 
of the Moths" of the world, which is be- 
ing published by the trustees of the Brit- 
ish Museum and has already reached the 
thirteenth volume, and has aided in the 
preparation of many other works by the 
loan of specimens and by furnishing des- 
criptions and drawings. 

In 1887 he was the naturalist of the 
United States Eclipse Expedition sent to 
Japan by the National Academy of Sci- 
ences and by the United States Navy 
Department, and in 1889 was appointed 
to the same position in connection with 
the United States Eclipse Expedition to 
West Africa. 

Dr. Holland, however, has not confined 



himself to the study of entomology and 
recent animals. He is recognized to-day 
as one of the leading paleontologists of 
America. His work as Curator of the 
Section of Paleontology in the Carnegie 
Museum, in which he has had the gen- 
erous support of Mr. Andrew Carnegie, 
has resulted in the formation of one of 
the largest and most important collec- 
tions of fossil fishes, reptiles, and mam- 
mals in the New World. One of the 
well-known specimens in this collection 
is the skeleton of the colossal dinosaur, 
Diplodocus Carnegiei, replicas of which 
have been installed by Dr. Holland, as 
gifts from Mr. Carnegie, in the British 
Museum, the National Museums of Ger- 
many, France, Austria, Russia, Italy, Ar- 
gentina, and Spain. Dr. Holland has 
written numerous and important papers 
upon the osteology of the extinct verte- 
brates, his latest work being a "Mono- 
graph upon the Osteology of the Chali- 
cotheres," a strange extinct family of 
mammals, in the preparation of which he 
has associated with himself his assistant, 
Mr. O. A. Peterson. Dr. Holland has 
been the editor since their commence- 
ment of the publications of the Carnegie 
Museum (nine volumes of the "Annals" 
and six volumes of the "Memoirs"), and 
his scientific knowledge is reflected in 
this array of important works, the ar- 
ticles in which have all felt the touch of 
his revising hand. 

He has also taken a deep interest in lo- 
cal history as well as in general litera- 
ture. His contributions to the history 
of Western Pennsylvania have been nu- 
merous, and have appeared in various 
publications. He has been a contributor 
to various cyclopedias, the article upon 
"Pittsburgh" in the "Encyclopedia Amer- 
icana," and that upon "Museums of Sci- 
ence," in the last edition of the "Ency- 
clopaedia Britannica" being, among others, 
worthy of note. His latest book, "To the 
River Plate and Back," Putnams (1913), 



626 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



is an account of his journey to South 
America in 1912, which has met with a 
most cordial reception from the reading 
pubHc on both sides of the water. 

Dr. Holland in his earlier years was a 
devoted disciple of Isaak Walton, and a 
keen sportsman and mountain-climber. 
In later years he has devoted himself 
more ardently to the easel, for which he 
has partially forsaken the rod and the 
gun. He has achieved for himself an 
enviable reputation as a painter both in 
oils and water, and as an illustrator. His 
various books and scientific papers have 
all been in the main illustrated by his 
own hands. He formerly lectured upon 
the history of art, and the biography of 
Albrecht Diirer, published by the Cas- 
sells in their stately work, "Great Men 
and Famous Women," is from his pen. 

During the years in which he was the 
head of the University in Pittsburgh he 
lectured upon political economy and in- 
ternational law. For many years he was 
a director of the Chamber of Commerce 
of Pittsburgh, and frequently represented 
this body at the annual meetings of the 
National Board of Trade in Washington, 
being at the last session he attended the 
chairman of the committee upon cur- 
rency and banking. In September, 1905, 
he delivered before the International 
Congress of Commercial and Industrial 
Corporations held at Liege, Belgium, an 
address upon "An International System 
of Coinage," which was very well re- 
ceived, and has been translated into many 
European languages. 

Dr. Holland is in certain circles best 
known as an educator. His years of 
service as the head of the oldest institu- 
tion of learning in Western Pennsylvania 
and his interest in other kindred institu- 
tions have won him a recognized place 
among the educators of this country. He 
was the President of the Association of 
Colleges and Preparatory Schools of the 
Middle States and Maryland, and pre- 



sided at the sessions of this body at 
Johns Hopkins University in 1894. He 
is the author of the Act of the Legisla- 
ture of Pennsylvania creating the College 
and University Council of the State, 
which is clothed with many of the func- 
tions of the Board of Regents of the Uni- 
versity of New York. He is with one 
exception the longest in tenure of office 
of all the trustees of the University of 
Pittsburgh, for nearly a third of a cen- 
tury has been a trustee of the Western 
Theological Seminary, was long a trus- 
tee of the Pennsylvania College for 
Women, of Washington and Jefferson 
College, and of the Pittsburgh School of 
Design for Women. He was one of the 
founders and the first president of the 
Academy of Science and Art of Pitts- 
burgh, and for a number of years has 
been the president of the Pittsburgh So- 
ciety of the American Institute of 
Archaeology, and a councillor of the In- 
stitute. He is a fellow of the American 
Institute of Social Sciences, and a mem- 
ber of the council of the Association for 
International Conciliation. He was ac- 
tive in founding the American Associa- 
tion of Museums, of which he has been 
the president. 

His activities as a public-spirited citi- 
zen have been constant. When Pitts- 
burgh held an unenviable record on ac- 
count of the prevalence of typhoid fever, 
he was one of those who took an active 
part in the campaign to bring about re- 
lief. When at last it was resolved by 
the city to appoint a commission to con- 
sider ways and means to stay the plague, 
he was appointed a member of the com- 
mission, and became chairman of the 
committee upon methods of procedure, 
and of the committee upon water analy- 
ses, to which the experimental work of 
the commission was referred. He at- 
tended nearly every meeting of the com- 
mission (there were seventy), and at his 
own expense visited Europe to inspect all 



627 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the filtration plants in operation, and also 
visited numerous American cities in com- 
pany with other members of the commis- 
sion. The final report was written by 
Dr. Holland, and published by the coun- 
cil of the city. The result was the estab- 
lishment of a great modern filtration 
plant and the practical elimination of ty- 
phoid fever from the city of Pittsburgh. 
In speaking of this matter to the writer, 
the Doctor said, "If I had done nothing 
else in my life than help to eliminate ty- 
phoid fever from the community I should 
be happy." 

Between Dr. Holland and Mr. Andrew 
Carnegie there has long been a close 
friendship. When the latter announced 
his gift of a great library to the city of 
Pittsburgh, the first trustee named in the 
gift was Dr. Holland, and when Mr. Car- 
negie created the Carnegie Institute the 
first name suggested by him as that of a 
trustee was that of his old friend, the 
chancellor of the University. Dr. Hol- 
land is one of the members of the Car- 
negie Hero Fund Commission, and since 
its inception has been its vice-president, 
and chairman of the executive commit- 
tee of the board. 

Dr. Holland is an active member of 
many of the foremost societies devoted 
to scientific research in both hemispheres. 
He is a fellow of the Royal Society of 
Edinburgh, of the Entomological and 
Zoological Societies of London, of the 
American Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science, and of the Geological 
Society of America. He is a member and 
former president of the Entomological 
Societies of Cambridge, Massachusetts, 
and Western Pennsylvania; a member of 
the Entomological Societies of Washing- 
ton, New York, France, Germany, and 
Russia, of the Academy of Natural Sci- 
ences in Philadelphia, and the Pennsyl- 
vania Historical Society. He is an hon- 
orary member of the Anthropological 
and Geographical Society of Sweden, of 



the Royal Academy of Sciences in Bo- 
logna, Italy, of the National Academy of 
Science in Argentina, and of the Royal 
Society of the Natural Sciences in Spain. 
To the latter position he was recently 
elected as the successor of the late Lord 
Avebury of England. Dr. Holland is a 
member of the Authors Club in New 
York, of the Cosmos Club in Washing- 
ton, and of the L^niversity Club in Pitts- 
burgh. He has received in recognition of 
his learning and usefulness many honor- 
ary degrees. From Amherst College he 
has the degree of D.D., conferred in 
1888; from Washington and Jefferson 
the degrees of Ph.D. (1886) and Sc.D. 
(1902). He has received the degree of 
LL.D from Dickinson (1896), New York 
University (1897), St. Andrews in Scot- 
land (1905), and Bethany College (1907). 
He has not merely been recognized by 
institutions of learning, but also by the 
sovereigns of various European countries 
as a representative American man of sci- 
ence. The Emperor of Germany in 1908 
conferred upon him the Order of the 
Crown of Prussia, III Klasse, and in the 
same year President Fallieres in person 
Ijestowed upon him the order of Oflficier 
de la Legion d'Honneur. In 1909 the 
Emperor of Austria made Dr. Holland 
an Officer of the Order of Francis Jo- 
seph ; in 1910 he was made a Commander 
of the Crown of Italy by Victor Im- 
manuel III., and in 191 1 he received the 
decoration of a Knight of the Order of 
St. Stanislas of the II Class, with the 
star, from the Emperor of Russia. 

Dr. Holland married, January 23, 1879, 
Carrie T., youngest daughter of the late 
John Moorhead, one of the well-known 
iron manufacturers of Pittsburgh. He 
has two sons, the elder, Mr. Moorhead 
Benezet Holland, a lawyer; the younger, 
Mr. Francis Raymond Holland, an artist. 

This necessarily brief resume of the 
life work of Dr. Holland gives but a 
scanty idea of his great versatility and 



628 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the remarkable work he has accomplished 
in his chosen fields. The great museum 
of the Carnegie Institute is one of the 
most wonderful collections in this coun- 
try, and in some of its departments is su- 
perior to any in the world. To super- 
vise the collection and properly classify 
and exhibit the treasures gathered from 
every part of the world is but one of his 
many duties, and in the particular field 
of museum management he is unrivaled. 
He has achieved prominence in every 
field of activity he has entered, and, 
whether he be considered as a clergyman, 
educator, naturalist, author, or executive, 
there is but one verdict — "well done, 
good and faithful servant!" 



EDWARDS, George B., 

Soldier, Transportation Official. 

Without facilities for transportation 
no city can be truly great, inasmuch as 
there can be no industrial and commer- 
cial growth and consequently no progress 
in any of the elements which enter into 
the higher forms of civilization. Even 
Pittsburgh, with her matchless wealth of 
natural resources, could never have at- 
tained her present proud position as Cap- 
ital of the Industrial World without the 
means of transporting her products to 
their different markets. The men who 
provide those means and by their genius 
control their operation are the men whose 
work lies at the very foundation of the 
city's greatness. Conspicuous among 
them for a score of years was the late 
George B. Edwards, superintendent and 
general Eastern manager of the Star 
Union Line, and later through freight 
agent of the Pennsylvania Railroad Com- 
pany. Mr. Edwards was numbered 
among Pittsburgh's most honored resi- 
dents, being not only one of the foremost 
railroad men in the United States, but 
long associated with the most vital inter- 
ests of his home city. 



George B. Edwards, son of Richard 
and Catherine Pond (May) Edwards, 
was born January 3, 1842, in Allegheny 
county, Pennsylvania. He was educated 
in public and private schools of his native 
county, and before he reached the age of 
sixteen the family moved to Dubuque, 
Iowa. When the bombardment of Fort 
Sumter proclaimed the announcement of 
Civil War, George B. Edwards was 
among the first to respond to the call to 
arms. Enlisting in the Union army in 
1861 as sergeant in the "Curtis Horse," 
a volunteer regiment of Iowa cavalry, he 
served with distinction and was subse- 
quently commissioned first lieutenant, 
and later appointed adjutant to Colonel 
Lowe of the Fifth Iowa Cavalry, then 
acting brigadier-general, commanding at 
Forts Henry and Heiman, Tennessee, in 
March, 1862. In September, 1862, while 
on sick leave due to exposure, the official 
title of adjutant was abolished by the 
government. Being needed by his father, 
Mr. Edwards took this opportunity to 
leave the army, and was honorably dis- 
charged from the service. 

On his return to civil life Mr. Edwards 
settled in Pittsburgh and entered the 
service of the Union Railroad Transpor- 
tation Company, (or Star Union Line) of 
the Pennsylvania Railroad Company. 
His remarkable business abilities devel- 
oped rapidl}' and did not fail to receive 
merited recognition. His advancement 
was steady, leading eventually to his ap- 
pointment as superintendent and general 
Eastern manager of the Union Line, the 
position which he held during the re- 
mainder of his life. In this responsible 
office, the duties of which he discharged 
with consummate ability and absolute 
fidelity, he was recognized as one of the 
most prominent freight men in the 
L^nited States. Throughout Mr. Ed- 
wards' business career capable manage- 
ment, unfaltering enterprise and a spirit 
of justice were dominant factors. His 



629 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



administrative ability was manifest in the 
skill with which every department of his 
jurisdiction was systematized in order to 
avoid all needless expenditure of time, 
material and labor. It was impossible 
that a man of his type should fall into 
the error of regarding his employees 
merely as parts of a great machine. On 
the contrary, he recognized their indi- 
viduality, making it a rule that faithful 
and efficient service should be promptly 
rewarded with promotion as opportunity 
offered. Requiring from all the strictest 
attention to duty, he set them a notable 
example. To whatever he undertook he 
gave his whole soul, allowing none of the 
many interests intrusted to his care to 
suffer for want of close and able atten- 
tion and industry. 

As a citizen with exalted ideas of good 
government and public virtue, Mr. Ed- 
wards stood in the front rank. In poli- 
tics he was a Republican, and as a vigi- 
lant and attentive observer of men and 
measures, holding sound opinions and 
taking liberal views, his ideas carried 
weight among those with whom he dis- 
cussed public problems. While he never 
consented to hold office he was, neverthe- 
less, active in political circles and was 
ever loyal in his support of measures cal- 
culated to benefit the city and promote 
its rapid and substantial development. 
He was ever unostentatiously ready to 
aid the distressed, to watch over the in- 
terests of the unfortunate and to accord 
to the laborer his hire. The educational, 
charitable and religious interests which 
constitute the chief features in the life 
of every city all profited by his support 
and co-operation. He belonged to Du- 
quesne Post, No. 259, G. A. R., and to 
the Military Order of the Loyal Legion. 

The personality of Mr. Edwards was 
that of a man of great force of character, 
strong mental endowments, large nature 
and genial disposition and these at- 
tributes were stamped upon his counte- 



nance. His simplicity and personal mag- 
netism won for him a host of friends, and 
even those who never came within the 
circle of his intimacy found something 
peculiarly attractive in his speech and 
manner. A noteworthy example of hon- 
esty and patriotism, he exhibited a con- 
sistency and uprightness of conduct and 
a genuine philanthropy which enshrined 
him in the hearts of his fellow-citizens. 

George B. Edwards married, October, 
1864, Eliza Thaw, born December 10, 
1843, daughter of William and Eliza 
Burd (Blair) Thaw, and they became the 
parents of eight children, of whom the 
following survive : Burd Blair (Mrs. 
Charles E. Dickson) ; the Misses Kather- 
ine May, Lidie Thaw and Mary Louisa 
Edwards. The following are deceased : 
Richard, William Thaw, George Blair, 
and Margaret Alice Edwards. Mrs. Ed- 
wards was one of those rare women who 
combine with perfect womanliness and 
domesticity an unerring judgment — traits 
of the greatest value to her husband, to 
whom she was not only a charming com- 
panion but a trusted confidante. Mr. Ed- 
wards was a man to whom the ties of 
home and friendship were sacred and he 
delighted in the exercise of hospitality. 
A happy union of many years was dis- 
solved when Mr. Edwards passed away. 
Mrs. Edwards sur\aved him exactly a 
quarter of a century, her death occurring 
May 13, 1912. 

Scarcely had he reached the meridian 
of life when, in the full maturity of his 
powers, death closed his eminently use- 
ful and honorable career, May 19, 1887. 
For many years he had stood before the 
community as one of the most distin- 
guished and valued citizens of Pitts- 
burgh, and the memory of his life re- 
mains as an inspiration to those who wit- 
nessed it. Devoted in his family rela- 
tions, sincere and true in his friendships, 
he lived level with the hearts of those he 
loved, endearing himself to them, while 



630 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the ever-widening circle of his influence 
expressed the true value of his character. 
Every action was in accord with the 
loftiest principles of integrity, and he ful- 
filled to the letter every trust committed 
to him. 



THOMPSON, William, 

Oil Operator, Man of Affairs. 

The Thompsons of this record, repre- 
sented in the present day by William 
Thompson, of Alexandria, Pennsylvania, 
descend from a Scotch-Irish ancestor, 
James Thompson, who came from Scot- 
land in 1730, settling in Lancaster 
county. He had all of a Scotchman's 
love of adventure, and when the colonies 
were struggling against French and In- 
dian foes he gladly and bravely bore his 
part. He served under the command of 
the youthful Washington and went down 
in defeat with the English army at Brad- 
dock's Field. His son William, then a 
lad of fourteen years, was also with the 
army, serving as teamster, and was one of 
the drivers who after the burial of Gen- 
eral Braddock drove their horses and 
wagons over the grave made in the road, 
that all traces of freshly turned earth 
might be obliterated and the brave gen- 
eral's body escape mutilation by the sav- 
ages. This same James Thompson, 
known as "Uncle Jimmie," who thus 
early received his "baptism of fire," was 
the hero of another perilous adventure. 
He was captured by Indians raiding 
along the Susquehanna river, and carried 
away to Canada, along with a Miss 
Young. They were held prisoners for a 
long time. Miss Young being obliged to 
work in a cornfield. Taking advantage 
of the entire village being on a hunting 
trip, they made an attempt to escape. 
They had been left in the care of two 
guards, one of whom the young man 
killed, and the other he disarmed and 
bound. Miss Young was recaptured. 



while Thompson kept in hiding for sev- 
eral days and finally made his dangerous 
journey southward. After narrowly es- 
caping capture on several occasions, and 
after almost incredible suffering, living 
for days on roots and berries, he reached 
the west bank of the Susquehanna. 
Luckily he there found several Indian 
canoes, which he cut loose, taking one for 
his own escape, and soon reached Fort 
Dorris, near Lewisburg, where he resided 
several years, but later migrated west, 
and many of his descendants live in 
Franklin and vicinity. His escape from 
the Indians had a romantic ending. After 
reaching friends, he raised a company 
and went back to the Indian camp, de- 
feating the red men, and recapturing 
Miss Young. 

In the provincial and revolutionary 
periods several families by name Thom- 
son and Thompson became conspicuous 
in the military and civil service of Lan- 
caster and Cumberland counties and in 
the Juniata Valley. Lancaster county 
furnished three colonels of the name in 
the Revolutionary War — Colonel James, 
Colonel Robert and Colonel Andrew 
Thompson. Colonel James commanded a 
York county battalion, and was also 
councillor for that county. Colonel Rob- 
ert and Colonel James married daughters 
of Robert Bailey. 

The ancestor of this branch. James 
Thompson, came to America in 1730-35, 
from the North of Ireland, with his 
brother John, first locating at New Lon- 
don Crossroads, Chester count}', Pennsyl- 
vania, thence moving to Hanover town- 
ship, Lancaster county, but now in 
Dauphin county. John later moved to 
the Juniata Vallej', settling near the 
present town of Thompsonville. James 
settled in the Cumberland \"alley. near 
Chambersburg. 

Rev. James Thompson, grandson of 
James Thompson, the emigrant, was born 
in Buffalo Valley, Pennsylvania, died in 



631 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Alexandria, Huntingdon county, October 
8, 1830, at the early age of thirty-nine 
years. He was educated under the tui- 
tion of Rev. Dr. Hood, he and his class- 
mate. Judge Greer, receiving their di- 
plomas from Mr. Hood at the same time, 
one entering the ministry, the other the 
law. After being ordained a minister of 
the Presbyterian church, Rev. Thompson 
first accepted a call to a church in Union 
county, Pennsylvania, which he served 
until 1819. In that year the churches at 
Shavers Run and Alexandria united and 
called him as their pastor. He accepted, 
and on April 19, 1819, was ordained and 
installed. The congregation then had no 
place of worship of their own, but occu- 
pied a stone shop belonging to George 
Wilson as their place of meeting. Soon 
after the coming of Rev. Thompson a lot 
for church and cemetery purposes was 
secured, a frame building erected thereon, 
which, from the color it was painted, be- 
came known as the "White Meeting 
House." Here the congregation wor- 
shipped for many years, when a more 
modern building was erected. The fruits 
of his eleven years as pastor were abun- 
dant. The first Presbyterian minister of 
the town, he gave Alexandria its first 
church building, and laid there a broad 
and enduring foundation on which the 
religious life of the community was built. 
His was the first inspiring effort that 
blazed the way for greater achievements. 
He married Elizabeth, daughter of 
Zachariah and Elizabeth Gemmill. Her 
father was the owner of the land on 
which Alexandria stands, having pur- 
chased it from the owner, by whom it 
was patented in 1775. After the death of 
Zachariah Gemmill, his widow, Eliza- 
beth, laid out Alexandria, in August, 
1793- The original plan consisted of one 
hundred lots so arranged that each lot 
was two hundred feet in length and sixty 
feet in front, excepting those on the river 
and four around the public square, which 



were shorter. These lots were subject to 
a ground rent beginning September i, 
1793. The rental on the Front street lots 
was $1 annually ; on Second street, two- 
thirds of a dollar ; and on Third street, 
one-half of a dollar. A century later 
many of these lots were still subject to 
this ground rent and still are. Elizabeth 
Gemmill gave her daughter, Elizabeth 
Thompson, quite a generous portion of 
the home farm, and on the part nearest 
the village Rev. James built his house 
when first coming there in 1819. This 
building, with but comparatively few 
changes, is now the residence of his son 
William, who was born within its walls. 
Mrs. Thompson died in 1877, having been 
a widow for forty-seven years. Children : 
Anna, deceased; William, of whom fur- 
ther; Elizabeth, died in infancy; Jane, 
died unmarried in 1880. 

William, only son of Rev. James and 
Elizabeth (Gemmill) Thompson, was 
born in his present home November 14, 
1823. He was a lad of seven years when his 
father died, and when fifteen years of age 
he left school and went to Pittsburgh to 
learn the printer's trade. He did not 
fancy the trade, and after eighteen 
months' service gave it up and began 
clerking in a drygoods store, but only for 
a short time. He then spent a few years 
in the iron mills of Pittsburgh, but the 
love of adventure that brought his sire 
to the wilds of Western Pennsylvania in 
the days of old gained the upper hand, 
and about 1855 he went to Kansas, there 
undergoing the frightful experiences of 
border warfare. Here he fell into the 
hands of a gang of ruffians, who placed 
him on a boat bound down the river. He 
soon made his escape, and in i860 made 
his way back to quieter and less danger- 
ous scenes. He again settled in Pitts- 
burgh, and soon after joined in with the 
pioneers in the oil fields of Pennsylvania, 
there finding his life work. He has been 
prominently identified with oil produc- 



632 




t^^C^^T-'^Z— 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tion until the present time. He has oper- 
ated alone, in partnership, and has con- 
nection with the operations of many 
companies. He was successful in all his 
undertakings and has gradually narrowed 
liis field of operations until his only in- 
terests are as a stockholder in various 
successful and established companies. 
Besides his oil operations he has had 
other important business interests. He 
was one of the organizers of the Oil City 
Savings Bank, for many years its presi- 
dent, and was for a long time identified 
with the Centennial Bank of Philadel- 
phia, which he yet serves as director. 

Though for many years Mr. Thomp- 
son's business interests have taken him 
far and often from the scenes of his 
childhood, he has ever cherished an espe- 
cial fondness for the home of his birth, 
and in every possible way has advanced 
the interests of his native village and life- 
time home. In association with Mr. 
Wolverton he erected a beautiful li- 
brary building in Alexandria, and, in 
memory of their mothers, both daugh- 
ters of Elizabeth Gemmill, they named it 
the Memorial Public Library. The 
shelves are well filled and the librar}' 
would be a credit to even a much larger 
town than Alexandria. The Presbyterian 
church, founded by his father, has also 
been an object of Mr. Thompson's gen- 
erous regard. When the recent altera- 
tions and repairs were completed it was 
his pleasant duty and privilege to furnish 
the funds, and thereby continue in a ma- 
terial sense the work begun spiritually 
by his honored father. In political faith 
Mr. Thompspn has been a lifelong Re- 
publican. He is a member of the LTnion 
League, and numbered among his warm 
personal friends the late president of 
that institution, Mr. James Hope. An- 
other close friend of Mr. Thompson for 
many years was Charles Pugh, vice-presi- 
dent of the Pennsylvania railroad, now 
deceased. Mr. Thompson is a member of 



the Fairbrook Club, of Pennsylvania 
Furnace, and the Rod and Gun Club, of 
.'spruce Creek, Pennsylvania. 



WISTER, William R., 

Lairyer, Man of Affairs. 

The late William Rotch Wister, of 
Philadelphia, was a prominent member 
of one of the city's oldest and most dis- 
tinguished families. He was a distinct 
type of a gentleman of the old school, 
and possessed that gracious bearii^g and 
courtliness of manner which are rare 
virtues indeed in these busy times. 

He was born at "Belfield," German- 
town, December 7, 1827, son of William 
Wister and Sarah Logan Fisher, who 
were also of a noted ancestry. The fam- 
ily history dates back to the advent of 
one Johann Wtister, who came to Phila- 
delphia in 1727, and who, upon a tract in 
Germantown, erected in 1744 the old 
mansion ever since occupied by the de- 
scendants. The ancestry on both sides 
were well known and prominent families. 
Through his grandmother, Mary Rod- 
man, wife of William Logan Fisher, of 
"Wakefield," Philadelphia, Mr. Wister 
was a descendant of the Rodman and 
Rotch families of New Bedford, Massa- 
chusetts, and of the early settlers of the 
Island of Nantucket. Through his grand- 
father, William Logan Fisher, he was a 
descendant of James Logan, of "Sten- 
ton," friend and secretary of William 
Penn. On the Wister side he was de- 
scended from Dr. Thomas Wynne, who 
came to America in the "Welcome," 
Owen Jones, Sr., and others who likewise 
held positions of trust and importance in 
the colonies. Mr. Wister's forbears were 
Quakers by birth or conviction, and. 
while not personally one by birth or con- 
viction, he was strongly drawn to the 
Hicksites and liked to consider himself 



Admitted to the bar in 1849. ^^r. Wis- 



633 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ter was actively engaged in his profes- 
sional practice, which was largely de- 
voted to estates, until shortly before his 
death. For many years he took an active 
interest in public affairs, and aided many 
movements made for the betterment of 
the city. For a time he served as a mem- 
ber of the City Councils. At the begin- 
ning of the Civil War he enlisted in the 
Union cause, and maintained the valiant 
record of the family, many of whom had 
fought in the War of the Revolution, and 
later for the preservation of the Union. 
He became lieutenant-colonel of the 
Twentieth Cavalry Regiment of Penn- 
sylvania Volunteers, and immediately 
after the war retired to private life. 

In 1868 Mr. Wister was married to 
Mary R. Eustis, a granddaughter of Rev. 
William EUery Channing, the noted New 
England scholar and clergyman. His 
wife survives him, together with three 
daughters and a son. The eldest daugh- 
ter, Mary Channing Wister, is the wife 
of Owen Wister, the novelist, a distant 
relative. 

The game of cricket owes its beginning 
and development in this country to Mr. 
Wister, who took a keen interest in it 
from boyhood. Inspired by him, a num- 
ber of gentlemen players of the game 
united with him in founding the Phila- 
delphia Cricket Club, the oldest organi- 
zation of its kind in the country. In 
addition to being the founder of the Phil- 
adelphia Cricket Club, he was one of the 
oldest members of the Union League and 
the Germantown Cricket Club. He was 
also a member of the Military Order of 
the Loyal Legion. 

Mr. Wister held a large interest in a 
number of prominent business corpora- 
tions. He was solicitor for the National 
Bank of Germantown from 185 1 until his 
death, and had served as a director since 
1901. He had been for many years a di- 
rector of the old "Hand-in-Hand" Fire 
Insurance Company, the oldest in Amer- 



634 



ica, known by the more dignified title of 
the Philadelphia Contributorship for the 
Insurance of Houses from Loss by Fire. 
Mr. Wister was appointed yearly by the 
judges to be one of the auditors of the 
Philadelphia Saving Fund Society from 
1878 to 191 1, and was a director of the 
Guarantee Trust Company and of Wil- 
liam Wharton, Jr. & Co., Inc., railroad 
supply manufacturers. 

Although Mr. Wister's life was 
crowded with activity along many differ- 
ent lines, he was essentially a lawyer, and 
for sixty years had been in active prac- 
tice at the bar. During all that time he 
stood high with the Bench and Bar, and 
ever upheld the best traditions of the pro- 
fession. Perhaps no better appreciation 
of Mr. Wister, both in his professional 
life and as a citizen, could be given than 
in the words of the "Philadelphia Press" 
upon the occasion of his death, and which 
we publish herewith : 

The death of William Rotch Wister closes a 
life long and useful, known and loved, such as 
could scarcely be led elsewhere in a city as large 
as Philadelphia and be at once so personal and 
so public. He was for sixty years in active 
practice at the bar, beginning when all the law- 
yers in the city knew each other by sight, as they 
did their work in and about Independence 
Square, and ending when a city of 1,600,000 num- 
bered its attorneys by the thousand. 

Mr. Wister stood in these later years almost 
alone a representative of the day when most 
leading lawyers had their offices in their homes 
and did their marketing on their leisurely way 
to court. Through all this period he represented 
in his practice and his professional relations that 
high view of an advocate's calling which re- 
garded the attorney first as an officer of the 
court and of the law and next as representing 
his client. In this last task he was always a 
model of those reserves and sedulous fiduciary 
care for the interests of another which mark 
the true lawyer from the days of Rome to our 
own. 

Civic life he touched on every side. He did a 
citizen soldier's duty in the Civil War. He 
shared in movements for reform, and led in 
charitable endeavor. He was awake to the re- 
ligious activities of his own denomination, and 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



he shared by marriage its greater traditions, 
summed in the name and work of Channing. 
Maintaining an early tradition of this city with 
which his family has been so long associated, he 
always found time for the sports too much neg- 
lected in American life. He revived cricket, won 
his place at the wickets and bat, and kept his 
active part in the game for years, which match 
any English record in life-long devotion to a 
great sport. 

This varied and yet serene, assured and cen- 
tered life carried its activities far beyond the ap- 
pointed span. Mr. Wister lived to see the green 
fields on which he played grow thick with house 
and mill. The tides of population swept around 
what had been a remote country place, in which 
he once passed his summer apart. Happy in all 
that a good and fruitful life can bring, he lived 
to see his children's children, to make good the 
loss of friends which long years inflict by a 
widening circle of friendship and never to see 
the face of an enemy or deserve one. 



MARSHALL, T. Elwood, and T. Clar- 
ence, 

I<eading Paper Manufacturers. 

The name Marshall has been an hon- 
ored one in Pennsylvania since its intro- 
duction in the latter part of the seven- 
teenth century, none of the ancient pa- 
tronymics of the State boasting a more 
distinguished origin or descendants who 
have borne it more nobly. To follow 
the paths of those called Marshall leads 
one into scientific research, public serv- 
ice, finance, and manufacturing, a record 
of merit, beginning with John Marshall, 
of Derbyshire, England. That place had 
been the home of his ancestors for many 
generations, and in 1686 he migrated from 
Elton parish in that shire to America, 
locating temporarily in Blockley town- 
ship, Philadelphia county, Pennsylvania, 
a year later coming to Darby, Delaware 
county, where he died 9th month 13, 1729. 
He was a member of Friends' Meeting, 
and there married, loth month 19, 1688, 
Sarah, daughter of Thomas Smith, theirs 
being the first marriage solemnized un- 
der the auspices of Darby Meeting: his 



wife's death occurred 5th month 16, 1749. 
John was a cousin of Abraham Marshall, 
the distinguished botanist and horticul- 
turist, who came from Gratton parish, 
Derbyshire, in 1700, and settled in West 
Bradford, Chester county. Children of 
John and Sarah (Smith) Marshall: i. 
John, born 6th month 16, 1690, died 8th 
month 4, 1749, married Joanna Paschall, 
and (second) Elinor Shenton, a widow. 
2. William, born 2nd month 11, 1692, 
died in 1727; married Mary Sellers. 3. 
Thomas, of whom further. 

Thomas, son of John and Sarah 
(Smith) Marshall, was married 2d month 
24, 1718, and settled in Concord town- 
ship, Chester county, dying there in 1741. 
He married Hannali, daughter of Benja- 
min and Ann (Pennel) Mendenhall, his 
widow marrying Peter Grubb. Thomas 
and Hannah (Mendenhall) Marshall had 
nine children. 

John, eighth of the nine children of 
Thomas and Hannah (Mendenhall) Mar- 
shall, was born in Concord township, 
Chester county, Pennsylvania, nth month 
22, 1734, and settled in Birmingham 
township, where his wife died in 1764, 
leaving two children — Mary, who mar- 
ried William Phillips, and Martha, who 
died unmarried. He moved to Kennett 
township in 1765 and there became a 
large landowner, among his extensive 
holdings being a grist and sawmill. He 
and his family were members of Hoc- 
kessin Meeting and Kennett Monthly 
Meeting: his death occurred nth month 
30, 1815. He married, 4th month 27, 

1768, Susanna, daughter of Robert and 
Ann (Bourne) Lamborn, born 4th month 
7. 1749. died 3rd month 3, 1839. Chil- 
dren : I. Thomas, born 4th month 22, 

1769. died 2nd month 2, 1851 : married 
Sarah Gregg. 2. Robert, of whom fur- 
ther. 3. William, born 5th month 26, 
1773, died young. 4. Hannah, born ist 
month 7, 1775. died 1st month 21, 1859: 
married John Yeaman. 5. Ann, born 8th 



635 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



month 22, 1778, died 5th month 26, 1862; 
married John Scarlett. 6. Martha, born 
8th month 20, 1780, died ist month 3, 
181 1. 7. William, born 7th month 30, 
1784, died 1859; married Margaret Mc- 
Cammon. 

Robert, second son and child of John 
and Susanna (Lamborn) Marshall, was 
born in Kennett township, Chester coun- 
ty, Pennsylvania, 9th month 15, 1771. He 
inherited the homestead, established a 
grist mill and became a prosperous miller 
and farmer. He married, nth month 22, 
1804, Mary, born 3rd month 16, 1781, died 
7th month 30, 1847, daughter of Thomas 
and Sarah (Bane) Hoopes, of Goshen, 
Chester county, Pennsylvania. Children : 
I. Caleb H., born gth month 11, 1806. 2. 
John, born icth month 7, 1808, died 5th 
month 23, 1885 ; married (first) Sarah 
Phillips, (second) Mary Harlan. 3. 
Martha, born 8th month i, 1810; married 
Thomas Hannum. 4. Abner, born 8th 
month 27, 1814; married Ann Eliza Pyle. 
5. Thomas S., of whom further. 

Thomas S. Marshall, son of Robert and 
Mary (Hoopes) Marshall, was born in 
Kennett township, Chester county, Penn- 
sylvania, 3rd month 18, 1818, died 3rd 
month 6, 1887. He was, like his father, a 
miller, and in 1856 began the manufac- 
ture of paper, an industry that his sons 
later greatly developed, bringing to real- 
ization the possibilities of that business. 
He married Mary Way. Children : Israel 
Way, of whom further; Mary, married 
Dr. Taylor S. Mitchell, of Hockessin, 
Delaware ; T. Elwood, of whom further. 

Israel Way Marshall, son of Thomas 
S. and Mary (Way) Marshall, was born 
on the old ^Marshall homestead in Ken- 
nett township, Chester county, Pennsyl- 
vania, I2th month 29, 1850, died June 26, 
191 1. He was educated in the public 
schools, Professor Swithin C. Short- 
lidge's Academy at Kennett Square, 
which he entered at the age of fourteen 
years, and at Evan T. Swayne's Acad- 



emy, which he entered two years later, 
continuing there until he was eighteen 
years of age. His father was then en- 
gaged in paper manufacturing, and on 
completing his education Israel W. en- 
tered the mill and in the course of time 
mastered the details of paper making as 
there practiced. The quality of the prod- 
uct did not measure up to the perfection 
he deemed possible, and he later invented 
a process of chemically treating the fibre 
which greatly increased its utility and 
market value. After proving the practi- 
cality of his process and methods, he and 
his brother T. Elwood assumed the man- 
agement of the mill, converting what had 
been an unprofitable business into a pros- 
perous one, creating a demand for their 
improved product far in excess of the 
capacity of the old mill. The brothers 
then decided to expand to meet the new 
conditions of trade. They built a new 
plant at Yorklyn, Newcastle county, 
Delaware, introduced all modern im- 
provements in paper-making machinery, 
and there established a business that grew 
to large proportions and placed Marshall 
Brothers among the foremost of paper 
manufacturers. Israel W. Marshall also 
invented the Endless Fibre Machine, 
which was patented by the brothers and 
is used exclusively in their mills. In 
1905 Israel W. and T. Elwood Marshall 
purchased the T. W. Ferree property of 
122 acres at Yorklyn and organized the 
National Fibre & Insulation Company, 
and J. Warren and T. Clarence, sons of 
Israel W., and John A. and Henry W., 
sons of T. Elwood, were admitted to the 
company. J. Warren Marshall was made 
president ; John A., secretary and treas- 
urer; Henry W., vice-president of the 
Fibre Company ; and T. Clarence, treas- 
urer of Marshall Brothers Paper Mill. 
In 1912, after the death of Israel W. Mar- 
shall, the National Fibre & Insulation 
Company built the extensive paper mills 
connected with the other paper mills and 



636 




cJ€^(^^^ 4^c^>^^^^<^<:^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



fibre plant, and T. Clarence is manager 
of this mill. 

The Marshall Brothers prospered abun- 
dantly, and in addition to their profitable 
manufacturing interests became extensive 
land owners, holding in joint possession 
the old homestead farm of 200 acres, 160 
acres surrounding the Yorklyn Mill, and 
a farm of seventy-five acres at Wooddale, 
each brother in addition having private 
ownership in other tracts and interests 
aside from their paper manufactory. 
Israel W. Marshall, the elder of the 
brothers, was associated with the Fibre 
Specialty Company of Kennett Square ; 
the White Clay Supply Company, of 
Avondale, Pennsylvania; and in other 
county enterprises that have added 
wealth and prosperity to the localities in 
which they are located. His residence, 
a beautiful home, was located at York- 
lyn, where he had other real estate hold- 
ings, as well as a farm of 120 acres in 
Delaware, adjoining the Yorklyn Mill 
and farm. 

The prosperity that came to Mr. Mar- 
shall was fairly earned, his start in life 
being taken under adverse circumstances, 
but by his own ability he conquered and 
found his way out of the early difficul- 
ties that beset the business of the old 
mill. He was a firm believer in the 
"square deal," and so practiced this doc- 
trine that he had the respect of his asso- 
ciates in business and the men who were 
his employees, while in his citizenship 
there was no flaw. A birthright member 
of the Society of Friends, he met all the 
requirements of this strict sect, and in 
charitable work he always bore his full 
share of responsibility. He was a Repub- 
lican in politics, and steadfastly refused 
all offers of political preferment, only 
consenting to act as school director, and 
then only from a belief that he could be 
of service to the community. He was a 
member of the Masonic order, belonging 



to Lafayette Lodge, No. 14, of Wilming- 
ton, Delaware. 

Mr. Marshall married, October 17, 1877, 
Elizabeth C, daughter of Joseph and 
Hannah M. (Cloud) Mitchell. Children: 
I. Irwin, born September 20, 1880, died 
in 1881. 2. J. Warren, born October 30, 
1881 ; was educated in the public schools 
of Kennett township, later at Yorklyn, 
and graduated from the Friends' School, 
located at Fourth and West streets, Wil- 
mington, Delaware ; after leaving school 
he entered the employ of Marshall 
Brothers and mastered the art of paper 
making, and on the organization of the 
National Fibre & Insulation Company 
was made president, a position he has 
since filled. He is one of the board of 
managers of the Fibre Specialty Com- 
pany of Kennett Square. He is a mem- 
ber of the Free and Accepted ^Masons 
of Kennett Square, and of the Consistory 
of Wilmington. He married, June 26, 
1908, Bertha T. Lambert, born in Kansas 
City, Missouri, educated at the Leland 
Stanford University of California, daugh- 
ter of the late Taylor and Sarah Lam- 
born ; one child, Loraine, born June 7, 
1912. 3. Anna H., born August 20, 1883 ; 
educated at the Friends' School, Wil- 
mington, and Swarthmore Preparatory 
School; married, January 18, 1912, Nor- 
man B. Alacill. 4. T. Clarence, born 
August 5, 1885 ; was educated in the 
Yorklyn public schools and Friends' 
School, Wilmington, Delaware. Being of 
a mechanical turn of mind and anxious to 
enter his father's mill, he entered the em- 
ploy of Marshall Brothers and was one 
of the organizers of the National Fibre 
& Insulation Company, also becoming 
treasurer of Marshall Brothers Paper 
Mills. 

T. Elwood Marshall, younger of the 
two sons of Thomas S. and Mary (Way) 
Marshall, was born on the old homestead 
in Kennett township, Chester county, 
Pennsylvania, September 20, 1855. He 



63/ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



attended the township schools in boy- 
hood, later becoming a student at the 
academy at Kennett Square, then under 
the direction of Professor Swithin C. 
Shortlidge, also attending Wilmington, 
Delaware, schools, where he completed 
his studies. He then became associated 
with his father and brother, serving an 
apprenticeship and thoroughly mastering 
the art of paper manufacturing. The 
brothers later became the proprietors of 
the old homestead mill, and by their 
energy and improved methods made it a 
property of worth. A full history of his 
business career is found in the paragraph 
of his brother. 

T. Elwood Marshall, by his energy, 
ability, and his complete technical mas- 
tery of the different processes involved 
in the manufacture of paper, has been 
an important factor in the success of Mar- 
shall Brothers. He has won distinction 
in his own particular field, not only as a 
manufacturer, but as a man of upright 
character and sterling integrity. He is 
president of the Fibre Specialty Manu- 
facturing Company, of Kennett Square; 
a director of the Kennett National Bank ; 
and is engaged in other enterprises of 
perhaps lesser importance. He is a Re- 
publican in politics, and for many years 
served as school director in Kennett 
township, his home. He is a member of 
Kennett Lodge, No. 475, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons ; Kennett Chapter, No. 
275, Royal Arch Masons ; St. John's Com- 
mandery, Knights Templar, of Wilming- 
ton ; Philadelphia Consistory, Sovereign 
Princes of the Royal Secret, and has filled 
the chairs of the blue lodge and chapter. 

Mr. Marshall married, November 3, 
1880, Ella S., daughter of John and Ann 
(Brown) Good, the former a prominent 
hardware merchant of Wilmington, Dela- 
ware. Children: i. John A., born March 
31, 1882; educated in the public schools 
of Kennett Square and the Friends' 
School, Wilmington, Delaware ; entered 



business with his father and uncle ; sec- 
retary and treasurer of the National Fibre 
& Insulation Company; past master of 
Kennett Lodge, No. 475, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons ; past high priest of Ken- 
nett Chapter, No. 275, Royal Arch Ma- 
sons ; one of the charter members of 
Brandywine Commandery, Knights Tem- 
plar, of West Chester, and captain-gen- 
eral of his commandery. He married 
Abigail, daughter of Sharpless Walter, j 
and has one child, Thomas Elwood (2). | 
2. Henry W., born January 21, 1884; edu- 
cated in the public schools of Kennett 
Square and the Friends' School, Wil- 
mington, Delaware; manager of Marshall 
Brothers Paper Mill ; a member of Ken- 
nett Lodge, No. 475 ; Kennett Chapter, 
No. 275 ; passed through the chairs of the 
blue lodge and chapter, and a member of 
Brandywine Commandery, of West Ches- 
ter, and Philadelphia Consistory. He 
married Lucy, daughter of Horace W. 
Sinclair, of Birmingham, Pennsylvania ; 
one daughter, Dorothy Frances. 3. Es- 
tella, born January 8, 1892. 



BAILEY, Leon Orlando, 

Lawyer, Public Official. 

Hon. Leon Orlando Bailey, former 
First Assistant United States Attorney 
for the District of Indiana, and at present 
a resident of New York City and a leader 
of the Bar of the Empire State, is a rep- 
resentative of a family which for more 
than a century has been settled in Penn- 
sylvania and has given to the Common- 
wealth many useful and honored citizens. 
Air. Bailey, by his professional and politi- 
cal record, both in Indiana and New 
York, has added new lustre to an old and 
distinguished name. 

Richard Bailey, founder of the Amer- 
ican branch of the family, came to New 
England in the ship "Bevis," some time 
during the colonial period of our history. 
He was but fifteen years old when he 



638 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



made the voyage, but must have had a 
reputation for piety beyond his youth, 
for when a storm arose the terrified pas- 
sengers besought him to pray for them. 
In his new home Richard married and 
had a son Joseph. 

Robert Bailey, a descendant of Richard 
Bailey, the immigrant, lived in New Eng- 
land, and married Asenath Lawrence, 
who died in 1822. Five sons and five 
daughters were born to them, and among 
the sons was Rozel, mentioned below. 

Rozel, son of Robert and Asenath 
(Lawrence) Bailey, was born December 
25, 1782, in New England, and about 
1802, moved by the adventurous spirit in- 
herited from his immigrant ancestor, he 
migrated to Tioga county, Pennsylvania, 
where he cleared and cultivated a farm 
in the wilderness, making a home for 
himself and his descendants. He married, 
about 1805, Lucinda Clark, of Massachu- 
setts, and their children were: Clark, 
Robert, Roswell Wilson, Mary Ann, 
Benjamin, Justus. Mrs. Bailey died De- 
cember 3, 1822, and thereafter Mr. Bailey 
married Julia Rockwell. The children of 
this second marriage were: John W., 
mentioned below; Rockwell, George, 
Julia, Ellen, Caroline. Rozel Bailey, the 
father, died in 1840, as the result of an 
accident, but before his death he had the 
joy of welcoming his father and his 
brothers and sisters to Pennsylvania, 
which became thenceforth the abode of 
this very numerous, able and honorable 
family. For many years prior to his 
death, Rozel Bailey had lived at Dartt, a 
settlement in the southern part of Tioga 
county, which he had been instrumental 
in founding. 

John W., son of Rozel and Julia 
(Rockwell) Bailey, was born November 
27, 1824, on his father's farm, in Charles- 
ton township, Tioga county, Pennsyl- 
vania, and for many years engaged in 
agricultural pursuits. At the division of 
his father's estate he recompensed the 



other heirs for their interest in the land, 
of which he thus became sole owner. 
This ancestral possession he preserved 
intact to the close of his life, and it is 
now the property of his descendants. 
About 1870 Mr. Bailey moved to Wells- 
boro, becoming one of the leading busi- 
ness men of that place. He was a di- 
rector of the Pine Creek Railway Com- 
pany, the United Glass Company, the 
Stokesdale Tannery, and a number of 
other enterprises in most of which he was 
the leading spirit. In 1864, when the 
First National Bank of Wellsboro was 
organized, he became one of its directors 
and served in that capacity to the close of 
his life. He was one of the largest land- 
owners in the county, and was greatly 
beloved for his liberality in business en- 
terprises and for his practical charities. 
In politics he was an ardent Democrat, 
never seeking office, but always giving 
his best efforts for the success of the 
party. The year of his death he was a 
delegate to the National Convention in 
Chicago which gave Grover Cleveland a 
third nomination for President of the 
United States. It is strong evidence of 
the respect and confidence with which 
Mr. Bailey was regarded in his home 
town that in a community always thor- 
oughly opposed to him in politics he was 
repeatedly elected councilman and bur- 
gess. He was a man of fine appearance, 
with a countenance strongly expressive 
of those sterling traits of character by 
which he was distinguished. 

Mr. Bailey married, in 1843, Margaret 
Lewis, a native of Glamorganshire, 
Wales, daughter of Thomas and Martha 
(James) Lewis, and their children were : 
Eva, Edward, Llewellyn, Lloj'd, Ada and 
Ida (twins), Morton S., Associate Jus- 
tice of the Supreme Court of Colorado ; 
Leon Orlando, mentioned below ; Edith ; 
Lee ; Frederick W., ex-Senator, and 
prominently engaged in banking and in- 
surance in Denver, Colorado ; Mildred, 



639 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



wife of a well known publisher of Leip- 
sic, Germany. John W. Bailey died 
July 12, 1892, deeply and sincerely 
mourned by all classes of the community. 
He was one of whom it could be truly 
said that in every relation of life he al- 
ways sustained the character of a true 
man. 

Leon Orlando, son of John W. and 
Margaret (Lewis) Bailey, was born June 
21, 1857, in Wellsboro, Tioga county, 
Pennsylvania, and was a student from 
boyhood. At eighteen he was instructor 
in languages and mathematics in the high 
school of his native county, and at nine- 
teen he entered Cornell University, class 
of 1880. He began to read law in the 
office of Hiscock, Gifford & Dohaney, of 
Syracuse, New York, but shortly after 
went to Indianapolis and studied with 
the firm of which Thomas A. Hendricks 
was a member, obtaining his degree of 
LL.B from the Indiana Law School in 
1880. In 1881 Mr. Bailey, in partnership 
with William A. Van Buren, began prac- 
tice in Indianapolis. The following year 
the connection was dissolved, and Mr. 
Bailey associated himself with Major 
Jonathan W. Gordon, in his day one of 
the most brilliant members of the In- 
diana bar, and the partnership continued 
until the death of Major Gordon. Sub- 
sequently Mr. Bailey formed a partner- 
ship with the Hon. John W. Kern, now 
United States Senator from Indiana. 
The firm of Kern & Bailey enjoyed a 
large and lucrative practice. It was dis- 
solved when Mr. Kern became city at- 
torney of Indianapolis, since which time 
Mr. Bailey has practiced alone. The 
firm of Kern & Bailey was dissolved in 
1900, and during the twelve years of its 
existence Mr. Bailey occupied a leading 
position at the Indianapolis Bar. Previ- 
ous to that he had come into prominence 
through learning, ability and devotion to 
duty. Endowed by nature with all the 
essential qualifications of a successful 



lawyer, he rapidly advanced to the com- 
manding position which for so many 
years has been his, highly esteemed by 
his professional brethren and possessing 
the fullest confidence of the public at 
large. 

Like his father, Mr. Bailey is a staunch 
Democrat, and his fellow-citizens have 
not been slow to testify to the esteem in 
which they hold him. From 1885 to 1889 
he represented his party in the Indiana 
State Senate, and his legal abilities were 
recognized by his election to the office of 
City Attorney of Indianapolis. When 
Hon. Alonzo Greene Smith was elected 
Attorney-General of Indiana, he selected 
Mr