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Encyclopedia of Pennsylvania 

BIOGRAPHY 



BY 

JOHN W. JORDAN, l,L.D. 



Librarian Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia ; Author of "Colonial Families 

of Philadelphia;" "Revolutionary History of Bethlehem," 

and various other works. 



ILLUSTRATED 



VOLUME V 



NEW YORK 

LEWIS HISTORICAL PUBLISHING COMPANY 

1915 



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BIOGRAPHICAL 




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ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



SUTTON, Richard Bishop, 

Man of Affairs, Model Citizen. 

Not always do we find the distinctions 
of birth and breeding combined with the 
essential characteristics of the successful 
business man, but in the personality and 
career of the late Richard Bishop Sutton 
this comparatively rare union of qualities 
was strikingly exemplified. Mr. Sutton, 
who was for many years connected with 
the Adams Express Company in Pitts- 
burgh and figured conspicuously in the 
business circles of the city, was a repre- 
sentative of a family of ancient origin and 
financial and social prominence. The Sut- 
tons have been, from a remote period, 
seated in many parts of England and have 
formed matrimonial alliances with a num- 
ber of the old English families. The Sut- 
ton escutcheon is: Arms — Gules, on a 
mount in base vert a tower or, thereon a 
stork argent in chief two anchors erect of 
the third. Crest — A mount vert, thereon 
a stork proper charged on the breast with 
a cross patee gules, the dexter claw sup- 
porting a rose of the last surmounted of 
another argent. Motto — "Live to live." 

George Sutton, the first of the family 
to emigrate to the United States, was 
born in England, and more than a cen- 
tury since settled in Pittsburgh, becom- 
ing a man of prominence in the early de- 
velopment of the city. His naturally fine 
abilities had been cultivated and matured 
by the advantages of a liberal education 
and he was possessed of wealth which 
rendered it unnecessary for him to en- 
gage in business. In 1810 he was instru- 
mental to a great degree in founding the 
Bank of Pittsburgh, and in 1812 and 1819 
served as one of its directors, and his 
name stands in the history of the city as 



that of one of the men of that period who 
are entitled to special honor, not only for 
zeal, fidelity and ability in the manage- 
ment of the bank, but for the important 
public benefits which were the direct re- 
sult of their thought and enterprise. In 
politics Mr. Sutton was a Whig, and as 
a vigilant observer of men and events his 
fellow citizens attached much importance 
to his views on questions of local conse- 
quence and national moment. He mar- 
ried Esther Dunseath, and their chil- 
dren were : Harriet, married Samuel Ed- 
gar; Alfred, mentioned below; William, 
George, and David ; all the sons are de- 
ceased. David was a prominent business 
man of Pittsburgh. Two grandchildren 
of Mrs. Edgar. George Edgar and Miss 
Kate Edgar, are now living at Ben Avon, 
Pennsylvania. The residence of George 
Sutton was on Water street, which then 
formed part of a beautiful and aristocratic 
neighborhood. The death of this gifted 
man and sterling citizen was mourned by 
the entire community. He was a true and 
perfect gentleman and a man of a most 
genial and benevolent disposition. 

Alfred, son of George and Esther (Dun- 
seath) Sutton, was born in 1804. and re- 
ceived a liberal education. Like his father, 
he never engaged in business but de- 
voted much of his time to looking after 
his various interests. Like his father, 
also, he was active in all that made for 
the advancement of Pittsburgh, consent- 
ing to serve in different public offices, 
among them that of prothonotary of the 
court, a position which he held at the 
time of his death. He was the owner of 
much real estate in and near Pittsburgh, 
and at one time was editor of the "Pitts- 
burgh Times." Widely known as a suc- 

457 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



cessful man of aiifairs, he possessed an 
ease and simplicity of manner which did 
not at once suggest the strength and 
tenacity of purpose with which all who 
knew him were familiar. Mr. Sutton mar- 
ried Ann Bishop whose family record is 
appended to this sketch and the follow- 
ing children were born to them: Harriet, 
married Louis Bloor, and has a daughter, 
Mrs. Theodosia Bingham, of Conneaut, 
Ohio; Theodosia, died young; Anna 
Maria, married Samuel Garrison, of Pitts- 
burgh, now deceased, and died in 191 1, 
leaving, among other children, Samuel, 
president of the Expanded Metal Fire 
Proofing Company, of Pittsburgh ; and 
Richard Bishop, mentioned below. At 
the comparatively early age of forty-one 
Mr. Sutton passed away, in 1845, his 
death depriving Pittsburgh of one of her 
most influential and public-spirited citi- 
zens, one whose acts of charity were 
many and who never refused the aid and 
support of his influence and means to any 
movement which, in his judgment, medi- 
tated the relief and uplifting of sufifering 
humanity. 

Richard Bishop Sutton, son of Alfred 
and Ann (Bishop) Sutton, was born May 
27, 1830, in Pittsburgh, and was educated 
in private schools and under private 
tutors. He early entered the arena of 
business, departing in this one respect 
from the traditions of his family, and 
Pittsburgh had reason to congratulate 
herself that he did so, for his executive 
ability and his capacity for judging the 
motives and merits of men rendered him 
a power and a power for good in the 
world of affairs. For many years he was 
connected with the Adams Express Com- 
pany. 

As a citizen, Mr. Sutton stood in the 
front rank, always the exponent and ad- 
vocate of exalted ideals of good govern- 
ment and civic virtue. Politically he was 
a Republican, but steadily refused to be- 



come a candidate for ofifice. A number of 
the benevolent and philanthropic institu- 
tions of the city received the assistance 
and encouragement of his wealth and his 
personal cooperation, and no one in dis- 
tress appealed to him in vain, but the 
number of this class of his benefactions 
was known only to the recipients. He 
affiliated with the Masonic fraternity, and 
was a member of the Thirty-ninth Street 
Presbyterian Church. 

With vigorous intellectual endowments 
and business capacity of a high order, Mr. 
Sutton combined generous impulses and 
a sense of honor which recalled the age 
of chivalry. It was literally true of him 
that "his word was as good as his bond." 
His tall stature, florid complexion and 
blue eyes proclaimed his Saxon origin 
and his whole countenance bore the im- 
print of his dominant characteristics, re- 
flecting, moreover, the sunny and cheer- 
ful disposition which made him the de- 
light of his home circle and surrounded 
him with devoted friends. He was, in- 
deed, a man nobly planned, ardent and 
loyal in his attachments, and in his whole 
character and career exemplifying the 
motto of his ancient race — "Live to live." 

Mr. Sutton married, November 4, 1859, 
Amanda, born October 5, 1836, daugh- 
ter of Joseph and Mary (Covert) Wilgus, 
the former a farmer of Brannonsville, 
Pennsylvania. Mr. and Mrs. Sutton were 
the parents of two daughters: Harriet 
Bloor, who died in childhood ; and Anna, 
who became the wife of the late Louis D. 
Leech, of Pittsburgh. Mrs. Leech still 
resides in her native city, occupying a 
prominent position in its social world and 
taking an active part in its philanthropic 
work. Possessing many social graces, 
she is also a woman of character and cul- 
ture, finding much enjoyment in travel 
both in this country and abroad. Mrs. 
Sutton was an ideal helpmate for her hus- 
band, being one of those rare women who 



1458 




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ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



combine with perfect womanliness and 
domesticity an unerring judgment and a 
breadth of view seldom found even 
among the cultured of her sex. Mr. Sut- 
ton was essentially a home-lover, never 
so happy as at his own fireside surround- 
ed by the members of his household. His 
wife survived him many years, passing 
away December 14, 1908. Throughout 
her long and beautiful widowhood she 
continued to engage in the works of char- 
ity in which she and her husband had 
been so long united. 

In the prime of life and before advanc- 
ing years had in the slightest degree 
diminished his remarkable powers, Mr. 
Sutton closed his honorable and benefi- 
cent career, breathing his last on January 
29, 1886. All classes of his fellow citizens 
united in mourning the loss of one who 
had long presented to the community an 
example of every public and private vir- 
tue, who was loved by many and re- 
spected by all. 

It is a distinct gain to any community 
to be able to number among her citizens 
men of noble traditions, a high order of 
talent, aggressive public spirit and un- 
blemished personal character. A man of 
this type was Richard Bishop Sutton and 
Pittsburgh holds his memory in gratitude 
and honor. 

(The Bishop Line). 

Richard Bishop, father of Mrs. Ann 
(Bishop) Sutton, was born in England, 
and in 1810 came to the United States, 
making the voyage on a sailing vessel and 
spending three months on the ocean. His 
brother, Thomas Bishop, came to this 
country, settling in Indianapolis, Indiana. 
Richard Bishop was a man of wealth and 
culture, owning a large estate, "Mount 
Albion," near Sharpsburg, Pennsylvania. 
His land joined "Picnic," the estate of 
the late William Croghan, Jr., father of 
Mrs. Mary Schenley, now deceased. 
Mount Albion School is named after the 



estate of Mr. Bishop. He married Sarah 
Turner and the following children were 
born to them : Ann, mentioned below ; 
Sarah ; Mary ; Susan ; John ; William ; 
Elizabeth ; and Hannah. 

Ann, daughter of Richard and Sarah 
(Turner) Bishop, became the wife of Al- 
fred Sutton, as stated above. 



ROWAND, Archibald Hamilton, Jr.. 

Famous Civil War Scout, Lawryer. 

Now and then we meet with a name 
which flashes before us a momentary 
glimpse of a strong personality and a 
brilliant historical episode, and seems to 
lift us, for a brief instant, out of the 
routine of every-day life to a pure atmos- 
phere and a heroic plane. One of these 
names to conjure with is that of the late 
Archibald Hamilton Rowand, Jr., for 
many years an honored member of the 
Pittsburgh bar, and in his youth one of 
the thirty famous scouts who personally 
served under Major-General Philip H. 
Sheridan during the great crisis of the 
Civil War. 

(I) Alexander Rowand, founder of the 
American branch of the family, came 
from the neighborhood of Paisley. Lan- 
arkshire, Scotland, and settled in the 
province of Pennsylvania, making his 
home in Philadelphia. 

(II) John, son of Alexander Rowand, 
belonged to the New Jersey militia, and 
was on the list of those proscribed as 
destined to be "the first objects to feed 
the vengeance of the British nation if 
they did not promptly lay down their 
arms and depart to their several homes." 
John Rowand married Sarah Matlack. 
whose father, John Matlack, came over in 
the "Griffith," and landed at Salem, New 
Jersey, in 1675. Both the Rowands and 
Matlacks belonged to the Society of 
Friends, but this did not prevent certain 
members of both families from taking 
part in the struggle for independence and 



1459 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the War of 1812, and an outline of the 
career of Colonel Timothy Matlack is ap- 
pended to this biography. 

(III) John (2), son of John (i) and 
Sarah (Matlack) Rowand, married Fran- 
ces Linville. 

(IV) Thomas, son of John (2) and 
Frances (Linville) Rowand, married Eliz- 
abeth Sharp. 

(V) Archibald Hamilton, son of Thomas 
and Elizabeth (Sharp) Rowand, was born 
January 18, 1820, in Camden, New Jer- 
sey, and was destined by his parents for 
the United States navy, but notice of his 
appointment having been, as he felt, un- 
necessarily delayed, he begged to be ap- 
prenticed to the firm of Gaskill & Cooper, 
printers and bookbinders, of Philadelphia. 
His parents very reluctantly consented, 
and the notice of his appointment to the 
navy, which had to be declined, was re- 
ceived a few weeks too late. On the com- 
pletion of his apprenticeship Mr. Rowand 
founded a bookbindery in Philadelphia, 
which in 1847 was destroyed by fire. In 
June of that year he migrated to Green- 
ville, South Carolina, where a very favor- 
able opening presented itself, but the 
political atmosphere proved extremely 
uncongenial. Having had several seri- 
ous encounters with some of the South- 
ern hotheads, one of which culminated 
in a challenge, Mr. Rowand provided him- 
self with a pair of duelling pistols and, 
ere the day appointed for the meeting, 
had become so expert that the challenge 
was recalled, he and his adversary becom- 
ing in after years the warmest of friends. 
The pistols are now among the valued 
heirlooms of the family. In January, 
1854, Mr. Rowand returned to Philadel- 
phia, but soon decided to remove to Pitts- 
burgh, having learned that a master 
binder was badly needed in that city. 
His reputation spread rapidly and orders 
for fine work came from all parts of the 
South and even from San Francisco. 



While in Greenville Mr. Rowand organ- 
ized Mountain City Lodge, Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows, later becoming 
noble grand, and was one of the organ- 
izers of the Masonic lodge of which he 
subsequently became master. Mr. Row- 
and married Catherine Parkhill, daughter 
of George Washington Greer, of Philadel- 
phia, and their son, Archibald Hamilton, 
is mentioned below. The death of Mr. 
Rowand occurred November 20, 1891, in 
Allegheny, Pennsylvania. He was an 
able, brave and high-minded man, in 
whose character we discern the same 
traits v^'hich developed so magnificently 
in the career of his distinguished son. 

(\M) Archibald Hamilton (2), son of 
Archibald Hamilton (i) and Catherine 
Parkhill (Greer) Rowand, was born 
March 6, 1845, i" Philadelphia, and re- 
ceived his earliest education in private 
schools of Greenville, South Carolina, and 
Philadelphia, some of those which he at- 
tended in his native city being conducted 
under the auspices of the Society of 
Friends. Later he studied at the Fourth 
ward public schools, and at a private 
academy in Allegheny presided over by 
Professor William Wakeman. 

The business career of Mr. Rowand be- 
gan in 1859, in the auditor's office of the 
Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne & Chicago Rail- 
road Company, and was of short dura- 
tion. When Fort Sumter was fired upon, 
the youth had but just passed his six- 
teenth birthday, but on July 17, 1862, in 
Wheeling, West Virginia, he enlisted in 
Company K, First Regiment West Vir- 
ginia Cavalry, recruited and commanded 
by his uncle, Thomas Weston Rowand. 
He first offered himself for enlistment at 
Pittsburgh, but, being under the required 
age, his application was refused. His 
company was made General INIilroy's 
bodyguard, and in September, 1862, on 
Cheat Mountain, Virginia, a call was sent 
out for five volunteers for special hazard- 



1460 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ous duty. Among those who responded 
was Private Rowand, his motive being, 
as he stated years afterward, a strong 
desire to find out in what that kind of 
duty consisted. Boyish as this may ap- 
pear, he soon gave remarkable evidence 
of soldierly qualities, making for himself 
a record almost unrivalled in scouting 
annals. These five volunteers were the 
first scouts to don the Confederate uni- 
form, and were known as the "Jessie" 
scouts, for the reason that at Milroy's 
headquarters they met Clayton, an old 
"Jessie" scout who had been with Fre- 
mont in the west, and took a great inter- 
est in the boy scouts, giving them in- 
structions which on more than one occa- 
sion saved Rowand's life. He was the 
only scout in the Union army who served 
at headquarters under eight major-gen- 
erals — Milroy, Averill, Hunter, Custer, 
Kelly, Hancock, Meade and Sheridan. 
The first time Rowand was detailed on 
scout duty his two companions were shot 
and killed; on his next trip his comrade 
and his own horse were killed when they 
were eighteen miles inside the Confed- 
erate lines, but Rowand managed to 
dodge the enemy's bullets and get back 
alive. 

In addition to his valuable services as 
a scout, Rowand was present at many 
battles, including Winchester, under Mil- 
roy, and Gettysburg under Meade. He 
was in the Shenandoah Valley under 
Hunter and Averill, and again at Win- 
chester, under Sheridan, also serving 
with that great general at Dinwiddle 
Court House, Five Forks, Sailor's Creek, 
Fisher's Hill, Cedar Creek, Waynesburg 
and Appomattox. 

Among the many other notable inci- 
dents of Rowand's career is that of his 
giving his horse to General Milroy at the 
battle of Winchester, riding the general's 
wounded horse ofif the field, finding his 
orderly in the woods, getting Milroy's 



celebrated white horse, making a dash 
across the battlefield under fire, and again 
exchanging horses with his commander. 
On July 22, 1863, Rowand was on duty 
with twelve men at General Custer's 
headquarters, at Upperville, Virginia, and 
at nine o'clock at night was sent for by 
the adjutant-general, who ordered him to 
quickly establish a line of messengers 
from headquarters to Asbury's corps, a 
distance of twelve miles, and then another 
from headquarters to General Pleasan- 
ton's headquarters at Uniontown, some 
seven miles from Upperville, making an 
entire distance of nineteen miles. Row- 
and had never but once been in this 
region (in the fight at Piedmont Station), 
there were a number of cross roads and 
the night was very dark, but early the 
next morning he reported at headquarters 
that the line of couriers was complete. 
On June 12, 1864. while on the Lynch- 
burg raid, four of the scouts were ordered 
to go through Breckinridge's line and 
bring General Duffie back from a raid he 
had been ordered on with his brigade of 
cavalry ; they were not informed that 
General Hunter's scouts had tried to get 
through Breckinridge's lines and failed. 
Two of the scouts were Rowand and 
Townsend, and, rather carelessly, they 
went into a house in which they saw a 
light, to get something to eat. This was 
about ten o'clock at night, and the other 
two men were left on guard. Rowand 
and Townsend came out to find that their 
companions had disappeared, and to find 
themselves facing the muzzles of a dozen 
guns under the command of Captain E. 
Lee Hofifman, of Hampton's Legion. As 
the guns were not over ten feet from 
them, they were obliged to throw up their 
hands. Rowand asked them if they were 
Yanks, and on their replying, "No," said, 
"All right, then I'll surrender." Rowand 
and his companion, dressed in Confed- 
erate uniforms, were taken into the house, 



1461 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and convinced Captain Hoffman that they 
were couriers from General McCausland 
with verbal dispatches to General Breck- 
inridge. The result was that Captain 
Hoffman intrusted them with a dispatch 
to deliver to General Breckinridge at 
Rock Fish Gap. This dispatch Rowand 
and his companion delivered the next 
morning to General Az'erill. 

On the 7th of August, 1864, General 
Sheridan came into the Valley, and on 
the 14th day of the same month, hearing 
of Rowand and his experience as a scout, 
he sent for him. From that time until 
the surrender at Appomattox, Rowand 
remained with him, participating in every 
battle in which the "Hero of Winchester" 
commanded. 

While with Sheridan, Rowand was 
ordered to trace the notorious partisan 
leader, Major Harry Gilmore, and, if pos- 
sible, effect his capture. After several 
days' hard work he found Gilmore stop- 
ping at a large country house near Moor- 
field, West Virginia. This he reported 
to Sheridan, who sent with him about fif- 
teen scouts under Colonel Young. They 
were dressed in Confederate uniforms, 
and were followed by three hundred Fed- 
eral cavalry at a distance of several miles, 
to be of assistance in case the true char- 
acter of the scouts were discovered. 
About daybreak they arrived near Gil- 
more's command, and Rowand, going for- 
ward alone, captured the vidette without 
the firing of a shot. The scouts then en- 
tered the house, took Gilmore out of bed 
and conveyed him to General Sheridan's 
headquarters. 

Of all Rowand's exploits the most nota- 
ble was his carrying, in company with 
James A. Campbell, important dispatches 
from Sheridan to Grant, covering the dis- 
tance between Columbia, West Virginia, 
and City Point, in the winter of 1864-65. 
Sheridan had been ordered to pass around 
to the west of Richmond and effect a 



junction with Sherman in North Caro- 
lina, but owing to heavy rains and swol- 
len streams had been delayed until the 
Confederates had had time to throw a 
strong force in the way of his advance. 
It was necessary to inform Grant of the 
state of affairs, and Rowand and Camp- 
bell undertook to perform the perilous 
journey. Dressed as Confederates, they 
entered the enemy's lines and passed 
within eight miles of Richmond, having 
held a conversation with Lee's chief of 
scouts, and gone on their way undetected. 
They had been in the saddle continuously 
for forty-eight hours, and were within 
two miles of the Chickahominy river 
when some Confederate scouts recog- 
nized them. By hard riding they reached 
the river ahead of their pursuers and 
Rowand plunged in, seizing a skiff which 
was floating in the stream. Abandoning 
their horses, they reached the other side 
of the river just as the Confederates came 
up, and, after running ten miles, arrived 
at the Union lines. But here a new diffi- 
culty confronted them. The lieutenant 
in charge of the pickets refused to believe 
that they were Sheridan's scouts, but they 
prevailed upon him to conduct them to 
the colonel, who immediately forwarded 
them to General Grant's headquarters. 
. They arrived there on Sunday evening, 
March 12, 1865, ready to sink to the 
ground from exhaustion, but after receiv- 
ing some whiskey they gathered strength 
enough to tell their story. While sitting 
at Grant's desk waiting for him to come, 
they both fell asleep for the first time in 
over two days. General Grant awakened 
Rowand by patting him on the shoulder 
and, having read the dispatch, ordered 
that every attention should be paid them. 
On April 3, 1865, while inside the Con- 
federate lines, Rowand noticed a Con- 
federate officer coming through the 
woods, and directed the attention of 
Major Young, chief of scouts, to the ap- 



1462 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



proach of this officer and his men. Major 
Young went to the next house to get Ser- 
geant McCabe and the others, and Row- 
and rode into the woods and met the Con- 
federates. Noticing that one was a major- 
general, he saluted him and asked his 
name. The reply was, "I am Barringer, 
of the North Carolina Brigade." In a 
short time Major Young returned with 
McCabe and the boys, and Rowand intro- 
duced Young as Captain Grandstafif, of 
the Seventeenth Virginia Cavalry. After 
a few minutes" further talk the "scout 
signal" was given. Sergeant McCabe 
caught the bridle rein of Barringer's 
horse, and Rowand and his men took the 
general and staff officer and two orderlies 
into camp that night. The next day, back 
once more in the enemy's lines, he took 
Colonel Chief, who was next in command 
and who, having heard of Barringer's 
capture, was on his way to take his place 
at the head of the brigade. A few days 
later came the surrender at Appomattox, 
but Sheridan still retained Rowand in the 
government service, taking him south 
with him, and keeping him in the "'Army 
of Observation" on the Rio Grande until 
the French were driven out of Mexico. 
On August 17, 1865, in New Orleans, this 
bravest of all the brave scouts was mus- 
tered out at his own urgent request. 

These months of service in the Far 
South were the cause of the great regret 
of Rowand's life, so often and so feelingly 
expressed — that he had missed the "Grand 
Review," that supreme climax of a sol- 
dier's life, but duty and his idolized com- 
mander had called him to the Rio Grande. 
Not many years later came the crowning 
honor of his brilliant career. On the per- 
sonal recommendation of General Sheri- 
dan he received a Congressional Medal 
of Honor "for gallant and meritorious 
service as a scout in the Army of the 
Shenandoah." He also received a medal 
from the state of West Virginia. 



On his return from the front, Mr. Row- 
and resumed his position in the auditor's 
office of the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne & 
Chicago railroad, and in 1867 became 
chief accountant in the auditor's office of 
the Allegheny Valley railroad. In 1878 
he was elected clerk of the courts of Alle- 
gheny county, and at the expiration of 
his term was reelected. During his sec- 
ond term he registered as a law student, 
July I, 1879, and studied in the office of 
Hon. George Shiras, afterward Justice 
Shiras, of the Supreme Court of the 
United States. On January 10, 1885, he 
was admitted to the bar on motion of 
David D. Bruce. During the remainder 
of his life he was engaged in the practice 
of his profession, to which he gave his 
undivided attention and in which he took 
great delight. He was noted for search- 
ing out facts regarding old titles and the 
situation of abandoned and forgotten 
roads, which alTected titles. The devo- 
tion of Mr. Rowand as a soldier was 
equalled by his public spirit as a citizen. 
For twenty-six years he served as a 
school director of the borough of Verona, 
and for a long time was secretary of the 
board. He was also for a number of 
years a member of the borough council. 

At the national convention of the Union 
Veteran Legion, held in 1910. at Atlantic 
City, New Jersey, Mr. Rowand was ap- 
pointed chief of staff, and at the meeting 
held in September of the following year, 
in Pittsburgh, was reappointed. For a 
number of years he was colonel com- 
manding the Soldiers' Civic League of 
Allegheny county, and he organized and 
held all offices in the Charles R. Bright 
Post, No. 360. Grand Army of the Re- 
public, of the borough of Verona. He 
was first worshipful master of Verona 
Lodge, No. 548, Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons, and was also affiliated with Alle- 
gheny Commandery. Knights Templar; 
Manchester Lodge, No. 403 ; Orion Coun- 

463 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



cil, No. 244, Royal Arcanum ; and the In- 
dependent Order of Odd Fellows, also the 
Heptasophs. He was a charter member 
of Pittsburgh Lodge, No. 11, Benevolent 
Protective Order of Elks, and was enroll- 
ed in the Junior Order of American Me- 
chanics. He belonged to the Loyal Orange 
Institution of America, the Union Vet- 
eran Legion, the Military Order Medal 
of Honor Legion, and the Army and 
Navy Medal of Honor Legion of the 
United States of America. He was cap- 
tain of the Duquesne Greys, and belonged 
to the Republican Tariff Club and Rocky 
Reef Fishing Club. 

In order to understand the character 
and temperament of such a man as Archi- 
bald Hamilton Rowand it is necessary to 
know what was required of him during 
the most momentous period of his life. 
The duties of scouts demanded an entire 
absence of fear, coolness, zeal, intelli- 
gence, endurance and particularly that 
seventh or inner sense, the common sense 
of Aristotle, an unknown endowment, 
being that inborn sense which gives one 
an intuition that something has, or is 
about to happen, and other "special facul- 
ties born in but some few men," as ex- 
pressed by the author of "Hampton's 
Cavalry." All these gifts of Nature Row- 
and had in a rare degree, and to them he 
owed his immunity from the threatened 
death and disaster ever present in his 
dangerous calling, a calling which his 
boldness rendered even more hazardous 
than it might otherwise have been. In 
some cases the risks he ran were so great 
that he had difficulty in getting a partner 
to share them and he was widely known 
as "Dare-Devil Rowand." More plainly 
than on the printed page do we read all 
this in the face of this noble soldier of one 
of the greatest wars in the history of the 
world. The lofty head and expansive 
forehead, the bold, finely-cut features, ac- 
centuated by a grey moutache, and the 



dark eyes, with their steady, searching 
light, are all those of a born leader of 
men. Readily can we believe that such 
a man, as the saying is, "bore a charmed 
life." Never was Rowand wounded by a 
bullet, and while eight horses were shot 
under him he was only twice injured, one 
of them falling on and breaking his leg 
and another breaking his wrist. At Win- 
chester, under ]\Iilroy, he was shot 
through the clothes and hat, and in cut- 
ting his way through Longstreet's and 
Elwell's corps the man on his right and 
the one on his left were both killed. On 
April 23, 1863, in the fight at Fisher's Hill, 
John Cashman, directly in front of Row- 
and, was mortally wounded, and a bullet 
from a crossfire passed through Rowand's 
jacket, killing Charles Green, who stood 
by his side. But while Rowand's counte- 
nance, open and manly, speaks predomi- 
nantly of the soldier, it tells also of the 
warm-hearted, great-souled man, ever 
ready, when convinced of his error, to 
acknowledge himself in the wrong, the 
kind neighbor, the loyal friend, the gentle- 
man of stainless honor and valiant fidel- 
ity. 

Mr. Rowand married, October 17, 1867, 
in Allegheny City, now North Side, Pitts- 
burgh, Sarah jMartha Chandler, born No- 
vember 6. 1844. daughter of Richard C. 
and Sarah (Chandler) Howard, of Alle- 
gheny City, where Mr. Howard was en- 
gaged in the iron and steel business. Mr. 
and Mrs. Rowand were the parents of the 
following children : Mary Kate, wife of 
Osmond L. Eaton, of Connellsville, Penn- 
sylvania, superintendent of the Balti- 
more & Ohio railroad — two children, Mar- 
tha, and Osmond L., born November 13, 
1904; Harry Hamilton, whose biography 
appears elsewhere in this work; Archi- 
bald Sheridan, of Pittsburgh, civil engi- 
neer, married Twila Taylor: Helen, mar- 
ried Clarence F. Tiers, chemical manu- 
facturer of Oakmont, Pennsylvania, and 



(464 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



died, leaving three children ; John R., born 
June 8, 1902; Clarence, born March ig, 
1909, and Sarah ; and Eliza Jeannette. 
married Delano Charles Thomas, M. D., 
of Pittsburgh, and has one child, Sarah 
Elizabeth. Mr. Rowand, devoted to his 
home and family, found in his wife a true 
and sympathizing helpmate and his death 
dissolved a happy union of forty-six 
years. Mrs. Rowand, in her widowhood, 
was the centre of a large circle of warmly 
attached friends. She died December 17, 
1914. 

On December 15, 1913, this brave sol- 
dier and true-hearted man passed away, 
leaving a noble and undying memory. 
His city and his state mourned for him, 
and throughout the length and breadth of 
the land men felt that a hero had ceased 
from earth. In contemplating the career 
of Archibald Hamilton Rowand we pay 
to the able lawyer and public-spirited citi- 
zen the willing tribute of admiration and 
respect, but instinctively our thought re- 
cedes further into the past and we dis- 
cern the form of the gallant young sol- 
dier, wearing on his breast the little 
bronze star and the two words, radiant 
with the light of immortality — "For 
Valor." 

(The Matlack Line). 

Timothy Matlack, great-granduncle of 
Archibald Hamilton Rowand, Jr., was 
born in 1730, at Haddonfield, New Jersey, 
was a member of the "General Commit- 
tee of Safety" and his name appears often 
in Christopher Marshall's diary as that of 
one of the most active spirits of 1775 and 
1776. He became a colonel in the Conti- 
nental army, having the command of a 
battalion, and on June 14, 1776, was elect- 
ed one of the deputies to attend a con- 
ference of which Benjamin Franklin, 
Thomas McKean and other notable men 
of the day were members. He was secre- 
tary to the Continental Congress for 
some time while that body sat in the city 



of Philadelphia, and under the early gov- 
ernment of the State served for many 
years as master of the rolls, residing at 
Lancaster. Late in life he was appointed 
prothonotary of one of the courts of Phil- 
adelphia. His descendants now have in 
their possession a silver urn presented 
to Colonel Matlack by "The Committee 
of Safety of the City of Philadelphia," for 
his patriotic devotion to the cause of 
freedom and the many services rendered 
by him during the entire struggle, and 
up to the acknowledgment of the Inde- 
pendence of the Colonies by Great Britain 
in the Treaty of Peace, Anno Domini 
1783. _ 

While the manners and ideas of Colo- 
nel Matlack were considered somewhat 
eccentric, his patriotism and valor were 
never doubted. He was one of the found- 
ers of the Society of Free Quakers, or, 
as they were commonly called, "Fighting 
Quakers." When he first wore his sword 
in the streets of Philadelphia and some 
of his friends asked the reason, he re- 
plied that it was to defend his property 
and his liberty. It was afterward proved 
that he not only knew how to wear his 
sword, but to use it to good efifect. 

Colonel Matlack lived to enter his hun- 
dredth year, retaining his faculties to the 
last in a remarkable degree. On April 
15, 1829, he passed away, near Holmes- 
burg, Pennsylvania. His portrait hangs 
in Independence Hall. Can we not dis- 
cern in this hero of the Revolution some 
of the traits which characterized his 
collateral soldier-descendant, Archibald 
Hamilton Rowand Jr? 

ROWAND, Harry Hamilton, 

Lawyer, Spanish-American War Veteran. 

Prominent among the present-day lead- 
ers of the Pittsburgh bar is Harry Ham- 
ilton Rowand, former First Assistant Dis- 
trict Attorney of Allegheny county. Mr. 
Rowand has so far resided continuously 



1465 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



in his native city with the exception of 
the period of the Spanish-American War, 
when he added to his successful career at 
the bar an honorable military record. 

Harry Hamilton Rowand was born 
April 8, 1 87 1, in Verona, Alleg-heny coun- 
ty, Pennsylvania, son of Archibald Ham- 
ilton and Sarah Martha Chandler (How- 
ard) Rowand. Archibald Hamilton Row- 
and, junior, as he was always known, 
died more than a year ago and his biog- 
raphy, with ancestral record, appears in 
this work. Harry Hamilton Rowand 
received his preliminary education in the 
schools of Verona, passing thence to the 
Western University of Pennsylvania, 
(now the University of Pittsburgh), and 
then entering Washington and Jefferson 
College from which institution he grad- 
uated, in 1892, with the degree of Bach- 
elor of Arts. 

Choosing to devote himself to the pro- 
fession of the law, he pursued his studies 
under the guidance of his father and in 
1894 was admitted to the bar of Alle- 
gheny county. He was then taken into 
partnership by his father and the two 
practiced together until the connection 
was dissolved by the death of the senior 
member of the firm. Since then Mr. Row- 
and has practiced alone. From the out- 
let of his career he gave abundant evi- 
dence that he had made no mistake in the 
choice of a profession, rising steadily into 
well deserved prominence by force of in- 
nate ability, thorough equipment and in- 
tense and unwearied application. 

In 1896 Mr. Rowand enlisted in Com- 
pany H, Eighteenth Regiment. National 
Guard of Pennsylvania, and rose to the 
rank of second lieutenant. At the out- 
break of the Spanish-American War he 
volunteered and served with credit 
throughout that conflict, as first lieuten- 
ant of Company D, Eighteenth Regiment. 
Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry. 

On his return home Mr. Rowand re- 



sumed the practice of his profession, prac- 
ticing generally in the courts of Alle- 
gheny county, Superior and Supreme 
Courts of the State of Pennsylvania, 
Circuit, District and Courts of Appeal of 
the United States. In 1906 he was ap- 
pointed Assistant District Attorney 
under Harry M. Goehring. and upon the 
death of Mr. Goehring and appointment 
of William A. Blakeley, Mr. Rowand was 
retained in the office, was made first as- 
sistant under Mr. Blakeley, serving in the 
office of the District Attorney of Alle- 
gheny county for a period of seven years, 
taking part in the leading criminal cases 
during that period; some of the most 
noted cases during that period were the 
Councilmanic graft cases of the city of 
Pittsburgh. 

Politically Mr. Rowand has always 
been a Republican. For one term he 
served as councilman of the borough of 
Verona, a suburb of the city of Pitts- 
burgh, afterwards becoming the borough 
solicitor, in which capacity he served for 
a period of six years, resigning therefrom 
upon his assuming the office of Assistant 
District Attorney of Allegheny county. 
At present he is borough solicitor of the 
borough of Oakmont, also a suburb of 
the city of Pittsburgh, his present home. 

He is a contributor to the Young 
Men's Christian Association of Pitts- 
burgh, a member of the Captain Alfred 
Hunt Camp, Spanish-American War Vet- 
erans ; the Davis Camp, Sons of Vet- 
erans, and the Military Order of the 
Medal of Honor Legion ; he is a thirty- 
second degree Mason, affiliated with 
Verona Lodge, No. 548, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, of Verona, and Pitts- 
burgh Consistory; lona Lodge, No. 141, 
Knights of Pythias ; the Oakmont Lodge, 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows; 
Pittsburgh Lodge, No. 11, Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks ; the Pitts- 
burgh Press Club, Oakmont Boat Club. 



1466 




^^.SsS.^i'as,''^ 'S-Bn «a^ 



/f^y^ 



^^—^ ^&i„m,rj'^. iv. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and a member of the Presbyterian 
church of Oakmont. 

In Mr. Rowand's personality the ag- 
gressiveness essential to success in any 
calling is combined with the coolnesb, 
foresight and administrative ability which 
invariably characterize the true lawyer. 
That these are also qualities which go to 
the making of the typical soldier Mr. 
Rowand has fully demonstrated. Genial 
and companionable, he wins friends both 
in and out of his profession. His counte- 
nance and bearing show him to be what 
he is — forceful, upright and warm-heart- 
ed, commanding the highest respect and 
inspiring the most cordial regard of all 
with whom he is brought in contact. 

Mr. Rowand married, August lo, 1898, 
Florence Kier, whose ancestral record 
is appended to this biography, and they 
are the parents of one child, Helen Row- 
iind. Mr. and Mrs. Rowand are thor- 
oughly domestic in taste and feeling and 
"given to hospitality," Mrs. Rowand be- 
ing one of Oakmont's charming hostesses. 

The name of Rowand has been, for 
half a century, illustrious in military an- 
nals, and the professional eminence at- 
tained by Harry Hamilton Rowand has 
been combined with adherence to the 
family tradition, tie belongs to a class 
distinguished both in peace and war — 
the soldier-lawyers of Pittsburgh. 

(The Kier Line). 

Thomas Kier, great-grandfather of 
Mrs. Florence (Kier) Rowand, was one 
of Pennsylvania's pioneer salt manufac- 
turers. 

(II) Samuel M.. son of Thomas Kier, 
was born in 1813, in Indiana county, 
Pennsylvania, and was one of the early 
oil operators of the Keystone State. He 
married Nancy Eicher (see Eicher) line, 
and his death occurred October 6, 1874. 

(III) Harry E., son of Samuel M. and 
Nancy (Eicher) Kier, was of Pittsburgh 



and married Georgia Doak. Mr. Kier 
died March 2, 1904. 

(IV) Florence, daughter of Harry E. 
and Georgie (Doak) Kier, became the 
wife of Harry Hamilton Rowand, as 
stated above. 

(The Eicher Line). 

Peter Eicher, the first ancestor of rec- 
ord, came, prior to the Revolutionary 
War, from York, Pennsylvania, and set- 
tled near Greensburg, Pennsylvania. 

(H) Jacob, son of Peter Eicher, mar- 
ried Nancy Smith (see Smith line). 

(HI) Nancy, daughter of Jacob and 
Nancy (Smith) Eicher, became the wife 
of Samuel M. Kier (see Kier line). 

(The Smith Line). 

John Smith was a brother of James 
Smith, one of the signers of the Declara- 
tion of Independence. 

(II) Nancy, daughter of John Smith, 
became the wife of Jacob Eicher (see 
Eicher line). 



STETSON, John Batterson, 

Fonnder of a Mammotlt Industry. 

The life of John B. Stetson was one 
of development without preconceived 
plan or special training, although at its 
close he was head of industries employ- 
ing thirty-five hundred people, with mil- 
lions invested, bearing a name honored 
the world over as that of a broad-minded, 
honorable, sagacious business man. He 
was not a sentimentalist nor a philanthro- 
pist, yet few philanthropists accomplish 
more for their fellow-men ; he was not 
in any sense a promoter or speculator, 
yet great interests grew up under his 
hands. In fact, everything of his "grew 
up," and nothing was planned in advance. 
His youth was a struggle to find him- 
self — three trades were begun ere he set- 
tled on one. He grew from a poor ap- 
prentice boy, whose motto was "Work," 



1467 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



to a full knowledge of the hat trade, grew 
to be a small manufacturer, made the 
best goods he knew how, and grew and 
grew until John B. Stetson as a hatter 
was known wherever civilization ex- 
tends. His investments grew in the 
same way. An industry was threatened, 
he helped a friend, and in this way was 
drawn into many of his holdings. 

Chance brought him into touch with H. 
A. De Land, founder of the town of De 
Land, Florida, who had seen his hopes 
and plans blasted by the "big freeze" of 
1884. To aid him, the Stetson purse was 
opened, a great enterprise was saved, and 
the Stetson interest gained for town and 
college. So everything grew out of a 
big heart and the willingness to help, 
create and mafntain. But it was not 
philanthropy, simply a business proposi- 
tion to him, for the best help that he 
could offer a man was to help him to 
help himself. An idle boy had a greater 
interest for him than any purely commer- 
cial proposition, and to get that boy 
working was of more importance than 
anything else that could be done for him. 
He belived in education as a means, not 
an end. Education he considered a con- 
tinuous process, but the foundation of a 
life the ability to secure subsistence. 
Work was his gospel, and as one of the 
world's workers from boyhood he preach- 
ed that gospel. He began with nothing, 
not even a plan, except that he must 
work, and on that sound idea created a 
wonderful life. Justice and equity were 
his watchwords, and as he advanced he 
acquired an intense knowledge of human 
nature and of men, and this knowledge 
became his greatest asset. The quality he 
strove for in the product of his plants he 
sought in like manner to develop in 
every employee, and with rare skill he 
raised the standard of manhood by plac- 
ing opportunity within reach of all. 

The Stetson organization became the 



pride of his life and a model for the 
world. But it grew little by little, not 
in conformation to a plan, but from 
men's needs as they were daily revealed 
to him. Established business traditions 
went by the board, and he ushered in a 
new era, founded on mutual obligation. 
He solved in his own way problems, so- 
ciological and economic, by strong prac- 
tical methods, born from the sagacious 
business brain, not in the mind of a 
dreamer or idealist. It was good busi- 
ness to do the things he did ; it was good 
business to have a contented, well paid 
force working under the best sanitary 
conditions; it was good business to es- 
tablish beneficial organizations, social 
unions, athletic and educational clubs, 
hospitals, kindergartens, and military 
companies, all for the Stetson employee. 
Did the results prove his wisdom.'' A 
statement of the magnitude of the busi- 
ness for the year 191 1 answers: Found- 
ed in 1865 and incorporated as the John 
B. Stetson Company in 1891, the com- 
pany has a capital of $8,000,000; 5400 
people are employed, who give their en- 
tire time to the production of Stetson 
hats and the preparation of the materials 
used in their manufacture ; 4000 of these 
employees are men, 1400 are women. 
The business is unique in that it is the 
only hat manufacturing plant in the 
world where a complete hat is made. Dur- 
ing the past year, 11,500,000 skins and 
700,000 pounds of fur were actually con- 
verted into hats ; 6,000,000 yards of silk 
for bands and bindings, requiring 40,000 
pounds or raw silk were woven in the 
Stetson factory : 330,000 sheep and calf 
skins imported from France, Belgium, 
and Russia, were used during the year 
for sweat bands ; 820 tons of boxbcard 
were required to make in the plant the 
boxes in which 3,336,000 hats manufac- 
tured in 191 1 were packed. 

The Stetson plant covers five acres of 



1468 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ground, with twenty-four acres of floor 
space. The plant includes an ice manu- 
facturing and refrigerating system ; fil- 
tered ice water is supplied to every room ; 
a modern and complete vacuum clean- 
ing system is in operation. Everything 
in the way of comfort for employees is 
supplied, and two large auditoriums are 
located within the plant, one of them 
seating 1800, the other 5500, the latter 
having a large modern organ, and the 
largest seating capacity of any in the 
city. A special feature of this unusual 
business is the striking observance of 
Christmas, the awards at one such fes- 
tival totalling a cash value of $241,505.79. 
The gifts were somewhat as follows : 193 
hats, 2835 turkeys (one for every mar- 
ried man), 1314 pairs of gloves, 1560 
pounds of candy (for female employees), 
64 gold watches, 64 chains, 395 shares of 
Building Association stock ; 786 em- 
ployee's salaries were increased ; cash 
bonuses to employees of certain depart- 
ments determined by fixed percentage of 
their wages for the year were paid, 
amounting to $158,842.10, one twenty year 
endowment life insurance policy made 
payable to the employee or his estate, the 
premium paid by the company, and in 
addition one hundred and twenty shares 
of the common stock of the company, 
valued at $450 per share, were allotted. 
This stock, of which 6,000 shares had 
been allotted at that time, does not call 
for any payment by the recipient save 
from dividends, and becomes fully paid 
up in about five years. There are no 
trades unions needed ; every Stetson em- 
ployee is a welfare worker, every Stetson 
employee is an inspector, and they give 
out help, example, and inspiration. Vol- 
umes would be needed to tell the life 
story of John B. Stetson, no title is too 
lofty, no eulogy too glowing, for his 
memory ; but, could he choose his own 



title, it would be "John B. Stetson, Busi- 
ness Man and Worker." 

John B. Stetson was born in Orange, 
New Jersey, May 5, 1830, and died in 
De Land, Florida, near the great univer- 
sity that bears his name, February 18, 
1906, death resulting from a stroke of 
apoplexy. He was the son of Stephen 
Stetson, a manufacturing hatter of 
Orange, his ancestors of English blood. 
After his years of early school attendance 
were over he became an apprentice at 
the calico mills, but abandoned that to 
become a saddler's apprentice. He liked 
his second occupation as little as his 
first, and out of his savings purchased 
his freedom from his employer before 
completing his years of apprenticeship. 
He learned the hatter's trade in his fath- 
er's factory. These years of preparatory 
struggle were well spent, inasmuch as he 
gained early an experience that, when he 
became an employer, enabled him intel- 
ligently to found an apprentice system 
just and equitable. After the death of his 
father he worked for an elder brother, 
made hats, taught others the art, sold the 
product, bought the raw stock, but did not 
participate in the profits or honors. So 
the brothers separated, and John B. made 
preparations to start a business of his 
own. But the doctors said he had con- 
sumption, and that his days on earth were 
few. He was then slight, slim, slender, 
nervous, and active ; and, after studying 
his own case, he decided he would aban- 
don hat making and would live in the 
open air as much as possible. He located 
in St. Joseph, Missouri, worked in a 
brickyard, and became manager and part 
owner of a plant located on the bank of 
the Missouri river. An unusual rise in 
the river swept away the plant, with half 
a million bricks ready to burn, and Mr. 
Stetson's fortune, acquired after two 
years of hard work. He then tried to en- 
list in the Union army, but was rejected 



1469 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



for physical reasons, and on foot with a 
party of a dozen young men he started 
for Pike's Peak, his baggage consisting of 
the suit of clothes upon his back, a shot- 
gun, and a hatchet. On this trip, living 
entirely in the open air, he regained 
health, strength, and happiness, and in a 
year, big, strong, able, ambitious, and full 
of ideas, he decided to return to the east 
and to locate in Philadelphia, there to 
build up a business, his capital, the scanty 
earnings made in the gold field, the skill 
of his fingers, and his native ability. 

He reached Philadelphia in 1865 with 
$100, and with this he bought tools, rent- 
ed a room at Seventh and Callowhill 
streets, invested $10 cash in fur, and be- 
gan to make hats. He peddled these out 
one, two, or three at a time, to dealers, 
using only the styles then in vogue. At 
last he decided to start a new style, and 
after visiting the dealers every day for six 
months, wearing a fine soft felt hat of 
his own design, he received the first order 
for a full dozen hats. From that time he 
had plenty of work, but the margin of 
profit was small, and after he had estab- 
lished a credit with the fur dealers he 
staked his all upon a venture no hatter 
had ever attempted. He took all the 
money he had, ran into debt to the very 
limit, made a big, fine, picturesque hat. 
natural color, four-inch brim, four-inch 
top, with a strap for a band, and by ex- 
press or mail sent a sample hat to every 
clothing and hat dealer in the Southwest, 
asking for an order for a dozen. This 
hat. which he called "The Boss of the 
Plains." retailed at five dollars, but it 
caught the cowboy fancy ; orders began 
coming in after two weeks of waiting, 
and from this time on, the story of the 
business of John B. Stetson reads like a 
romance. From the "Boss of the Plains," 
which in finer materials sold as high as 
thirty dollars each, he began to make 
many styles, until it became a fixed fact 



to the man of the west that for service 
and utility, and to the man of the east 
that for style he must wear a "Stetson." 
In less than a year he moved to larger 
quarters on Fourth street, above Chest- 
nut, and only a brief period had elapsed 
before Stetson hats were in every retail 
store in Philadelphia, and the reputation 
of his product was extending rapidly. He 
occupied leased quarters at Fourth and 
Chestnut streets, but soon, to accommo- 
date his increasing trade, added another 
story to the building. Two years after 
the inception of the business it was re- 
organized under the firm name of John B. 
Stetson & Company, and two years later 
the house was doing a business of $80,000 
annually. In 1867 traveling salesmen 
were sent upon the road, the Stetson hats 
finding favor wherever they were intro- 
duced. In 1872 change of business resi- 
dence was made to Fourth and Montgom- 
ery streets, where were laid what were 
practically the foundation stones of the 
manufacturing center that there bears his 
name. The history of the business from 
that time forward was a record of con- 
tinuous, substantial and rapid growth. 
Building after building was added to 
meet the demands of the trade, and Stet- 
son became throughout the country the 
synonym for all that is best and most 
reliable. The output of the factories at 
the time of Mr. Stetson's death amounted 
to two million hats anually, and employ- 
ment was furnished to thirty-five hundred 
workmen. 

While the building up of a gigantic 
enterprise is a matter worthy of consider- 
ation, it is the methods that Mr. Stetson 
employed that will cause his name to be 
forever honored. He regarded each em- 
ployee as an individual, and not as a part 
of a great machine for the purpose of 
turning out certain work. He felt and 
manifested a personal interest in those 
who served him, sought their welfare. 



1470 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



desired their happiness, and did every- 
thing within his power to render condi- 
tions attractive and beneficial. As the 
result of his wisdom and understanding 
of the problems and conditions of human 
life, happiness and contentment reigned 
among his employees. He established 
various associations that induced benefit 
and a bond of sympathy between every 
department of the works, and founded 
family interest in his factories through 
an original apprentice system. The or- 
ganized aids for the workingmen and 
their families include building and loan 
associations, a social union modeled upon 
the lines of the Young Men's Christian 
Association, a beneficial association, a 
Sunday school, a kindergarten, a militia 
battalion of several companies under Na- 
tional Guard regulations, and a dispen- 
sary public hospital. He remained at the 
head of all, but each was in charge of a 
lieutenant. Such as could be were made 
self supporting, for he did not believe in 
fostering a spirit of dependence, but pro- 
visions for the perpetuation of all were 
made before his death. Perhaps the in- 
stitution which has widest scope in its 
benevolent efifect is the Stetson Hospital, 
inaugurated as a dispensary but broaden- 
ing in its purpose until it is today a splen- 
didly equipped hospital, its operating 
rooms and wards free to all. Twenty 
thousand patients are treated there every 
year with a staff of thirty-four physicians 
in attendance, and eminent surgeons pro- 
nounce its equipment perfect. The great 
business of the John B. Stetson Company 
has doubled in volume since his death, 
but the increase has all been by a close 
application to the methods laid down by 
the founder. "Though dead, he speak- 
eth." 

Mr. Stetson's Florida interests were 
first acquired in 1884, when he visited 
De Land. H. A. De Land, the founder 



of the town, owned thousands of acres of 
land, had built a thriving town with all 
public utilities, had begun the erection of 
academy buildings, and had been the 
means of inducing many settlers to en- 
gage in orange culture. The "big freeze," 
as it is yet alluded to in De Land, ruined 
thousands of trees and their owners, 
crippled Mr. De Land, and prostrated 
every business interest in the heretofore 
prosperous town. Meeting Mr. Stetson 
who was known to him as a man of large 
means and big sympathies, Mr. De Land 
gained his confidence, and after a close 
inspection Mr. Stetson decided there was 
still life in many of the trees and that 
De Land was a good business proposi- 
tion. He there built a cottage and be- 
came responsible for the completion of 
one of the large college buildings. To 
equip his home with electricity and water 
supply he was under the necessity of 
financially restoring the stability of the 
electric light company and the water 
company, and in this way he practically 
became controlling owner of about all of 
De Land's public utilities and interests, 
including several orange groves and 
many acres of land, wild and improved. 
In 1886 he became more deeply interested 
in De Land Academy, was elected a trus- 
tee, and so vigorously did he labor and 
so liberally support, that the whole scope 
of the institution was changed. In 1889 
the school was reorganized as the John 
B. Stetson University, and today, with an 
investment of over one million dollars, is 
one of the flourishing, useful educational 
institutions of the South. Thus, without 
plan or previous thought he entered an 
entirely new field of activity, and, as 
before, blessings followed his path. In 
such unlooked for ways came many of 
his investments, and outside of his own 
private business, hardly an investment 
was made save through the desire to meet 



1471 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the demands of friendship or to save a 
valuable enterprise. He never promoted 
an enterprise or indulged in speculation. 
If friends were in need he invested as 
they required, but purely on a basis 
equitable and understood. 

Mr. Stetson traveled extensively in the 
United States, and was also well known 
in De Land, where he spent several 
months each year, as in Philadelphia 
or Ashbourne, Pennsylvania, where he 
maintained his country home, and it was 
in De Land that he passed away at the 
age of seventy-six years. His remains 
were brought to Philadelphia and the 
funeral services held at his country home, 
Idro, on the York Road, near Elkins 
Park, February 21, 1906. Mr. Stetson 
was a religious man in the highest sense. 
His love for his work and his workers 
was absorbing, and his faith was the 
guiding star of his life. He was a member 
of the Fifth Baptist Church of Philadel- 
phia, was a generous patron of the Young 
Men's Christian Association and of all 
charitable and church enterprises. His 
helpful spirit prompted his assistance to 
various small charities as well as to those 
of wider importance and better known. 
He built a monument to himself in the 
respect and affectionate regard enter- 
tained for him by his employees and all 
associated with him. His deep interest 
in those who served him struck a respon- 
sive chord in their hearts, and on every 
occasion they will be found telling the 
story of the recognition of the obligations 
of life and the necessity of meeting them 
gladly. 

There is a man who has done his part and car- 
ried his load, 

Rejoiced to share with every heart the rough- 
ness of the road, 

Not given to thinking overmuch of the pains and 
cares behind, 

But glad to be in touch with all his humankind. 



WISTER, Owen, 

Distinguislied Author. 

The career of Owen Wister is one of 
exceeding interest, illustrating as it does 
the fact that while a man of genius may 
succeed in any field it is only after he 
has found his true work that great suc- 
cess is attained. 

Son of a talented mother, grandson of 
the celebrated Fanny Kemble, and be- 
longing to the fourth generation of a 
family of writers, Mr. Wister in his uni- 
versity years was strongly drawn to 
music and verse; in fact, went abroad 
with the avowed purpose of studying 
musical compositions. Events followed 
that necessitated his return home, then 
poor health drove him to the plains and 
mountains of Arizona and Wyoming. The 
wild, unusual life of those regions won- 
derfully impressed him, and later was the 
controlling impulse that determined his 
career. A period of legal study and prac- 
tice followed, but in 1891 the literary 
instinct conquered, and as a writer of 
purely American fiction he has won a high 
and permanent place. He did not find his 
true sphere in "The Dragon of Wantley" 
(1892), but his magazine stories, collected 
and published in 1896 under the title 
"Red Men and White," won immediate 
favor. During the ten years after re- 
turning from Paris he made fifteen west- 
ern tours, and in "Red Men and White" 
he portrayed most naturally and truth- 
fully the stern though picturesque con- 
ditions of the then \A'est, where elemental 
passions were at work with little conceal- 
ment. He caught the spirit of comrade- 
ship and humorous exaggeration typical 
of the West ; his Indians were the real, 
living characters of the day, not Leather- 
stockings nor Hiawathas; his soldiers and 
settlers were the real men he met; his 
descriptions of Nature were written with 
the eve of a keen observer with the soul 



1472 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of a poet ; while the note of tragedy under- 
lay the natural dialogue and the humor. 

This has been true of all his subsequent 
work, and in "The Virginian" he has por- 
trayed a character so strong and truth- 
ful to the type that were it his only work 
it would entitle him to undying literary 
fame. There is nothing vague or un- 
certain in his stories, the movement is as 
direct and free and strong as the sweep of 
the wind across the plains. No one else 
has succeeded in giving so well the im- 
pressions made by the great sand sea, the 
mystery and desolation of its vastness, 
the desert's changeless, unfathomable 
silence. One of Mr. Wister's critics has 
written: "Never perhaps since the days 
of Bret Harte has the characteristic 
Western humor found so suggestive and 
appreciative, so successful an interpreter. 
IMr. Wister has done for the cowboy what 
Bret Harte did for the miner * * * "^ He 
has furnished an undying addition to the 
gallery of characteristic American types 
in fiction." 

Owen Wister was born in Philadelphia. 
July 14, i860, son of Dr. Owen Jones and 
Sarah (Butler) Wister. the former an 
eminent physician of Philadelphia, the 
latter a lady of fine literary talent, daugh- 
ter of one of the most noted actresses of 
her day, "Fanny Kemble" — Frances Anne 
(Kemble) Butler, and member of a fam- 
ily distinguished in the history of dra- 
matic art for generations. Mrs. Wister's 
great-grandfather, Major Pierce Butler, 
was delegate from South Carolina to the 
Constitutional Convention and a signer 
of the Constitution of the United States. 
Mrs. Sarah (Butler) Wister was a greatly 
gifted, cultured lady, translator of "Prose 
and Poetry of Alfred de Mussett" (i!^72) 
and with Agnes Irwin she published in 
1877 "^^ orthy Women of Our First Cen- 
tury." An old fashioned distaste for pub- 
licity led her to withhold her signature 
from many articles and stories published 



in the "Atlantic Monthly," the "Cornhill," 
the "North American Review," and "Lip- 
pincott's Magazine." 

When ten years of age Owen Wister 
was taken abroad by his parents, remain- 
ing three years. On his return to the 
United States he entered St. Paul's 
School, at Concord, New Hampshire, and 
after thorough preparation entered Har- 
vard University, whence he was gradu- 
ated A. B., class of 1882. During his uni- 
versity career he developed a talent for 
literature and music, the latter art at last 
seeming his choice. He wrote the libretto 
for a Hasty Pudding Club opera boufife, 
"Dido and Aeneas," also a poem on Bee- 
thoven, published in the "Atlantic 
Monthly." After graduation Mr. Wister 
went abroad, and on the advice of the 
great Liszt located in Paris for the study 
of musical composition. The following 
year, however, he was called home by 
family affairs, and soon afterward poor 
health induced him to go west on a hunt- 
ing trip. He quite extensively traveled 
over Arizona and Wyoming, and amid 
those scenes of natural beauty and amid 
people whose ways, code and speech were 
so strange to him his dormant literary 
instincts were aroused and stimulated. 
On his return East he decided upon the 
profession of law, entered the Harvard 
Law School and in 1888 was graduated, 
receiving the degrees A. M. and LL. B. 
In 1889 he was admitted to the bar and 
for three years he was in practice in 
Philadelphia. But the "lure of the West" 
was upon him, and in the ten years fol- 
lowing his first visit he made fifteen tours 
of that then wild region, revelling in its 
wild, free life, gaining the experience and 
inspiration that resulted in those won- 
derful character delineations and word 
pictures that stirred the literary world 
and made his a familiar name. 

In 1S83 :\Ir. Wister published "The 
^Modern Swiss Familv Robinson," and in 



1473 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1892 "The Dragon of Wantley," a play- 
ful satire on the days of chivalry that 
proved the author the possessor of a rich 
fund of quiet humor. In 1891 he forever 
abandoned the law and devoted himself 
entirely to literature. He wrote several 
short stories based upon his western ex- 
periences that were highly rated as a dis- 
tinct addition to American fiction and 
helped the world to appreciate the value 
of the varied characters in the widely 
separated regions of the West, chiefly 
Arizona and Wyoming. He grew to 
know the West well, and his greatest 
characters are drawn from the plains and 
mountains of these states. In 1896 he 
published eight of these short stories, un- 
der the title "Red Men and White" that 
won instant appreciation and that proved 
that his own text, "many sorts of Ameri- 
cans live in America," pleased the read- 
ing public. "Red Men and White" was 
followed in 1898 by "Lin McLean," a 
forerunner of that great work, "The Vir- 
ginian," the latter appearing four years 
later. "The Jimmy John Boss" appeared 
in 1900, as did "U. S. Grant; A Bi- 
ography." "The Virginian" was pub- 
lished in 1902 and forever secured Mr. 
Wister's niche in the literary "Hall of 
Fame." Many editions of that book have 
been published in many lands, it has been 
dramatized, noted actors have won fame 
as the "Virginian," and as book and play 
it is yet a strong favorite with the public. 
In 1903 Mr. Wister published "Phil- 
osophy Four;" in 1904 "A Journey in 
Search of Christmas" appeared as well as 
his novel, "Lady Baltimore," the latter 
first as a serial in "The Saturday Evening 
Post." In 1907 he published a second 
biography, "The Seven Ages of Wash- 
ington," "Mother," and "The Simple 
Spelling Bee." and in 191 1 "Members of 
the Family" was given to the public. In 
addition to the above Mr. Wister has con- 
tributed a great deal of prose and verse 



to the magazines, and in 1904 collabo- 
rated on "Musk-Ox, Bison, Sheep, and 
Goat," in "Whitney's American Sports- 
men's Library." 

In political life Mr. Wister has been 
strictly independent and always active 
in public afifairs. He has written many 
articles on public questions, his scathing 
article on "The Keystone Crime" being 
a strong presentation of the case of the 
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania against 
the men and against the system that per- 
petrated the Capitol dishonor. In 1908 
he ran as an Independent candidate for 
Select Council from the Seventh Ward, 
not in expectation of an election but in 
defence of a principle and to maintain the 
party organization in the ward. 

Mr. Wister is a member of the Na- 
tional Academy of Arts and Letters and 
was elected a member of the Board of 
Overseers of Harvard University in 
1912. His clubs are the Philadelphia, 
Rittenhouse, and Franklin Inn, of Phil- 
adelphia. In 1907 he was given the hon- 
orary degree LL. D. by the University of 
Pennsylvania, and in 1912 the honorary 
degree of L. H. D. by Williams College. 
He is a member of the Phi Beta Kappa 
Society. 

He married, April 21, 1898, Mary Chan- 
ning Wister, who died August 24, 1913, at 
Saunderstown, Rhode Island. 



WISTER, Mary Channing, 

Iieader for Civic Righteousness. 

As one of Airs. Wister's colleagues 
wrote in the "Christian Register" : "The 
lives of some persons are epochs. They 
mark great changes in thought, in man- 
ners, or in national development. From 
them we date broader creeds, wider sym- 
pathies, greater efforts for the uplift of 
humanity." These words, written by a 
loved contemporary, apply with force to 
the life of Mrs. Wister. "And because 
she lived, thought, and acted the whole 



1474 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



world has been granted a clearer vision 
of civic righteousness." 

Mary Channing Wister was born in 
Germantown, Philadelphia, March 30, 
1870, died at Saunderstown, Rhode 
Island, August 24, 1913, daughter of Wil- 
liam Rotch and Mary Eustis Wister. 
Through paternal and maternal lines she 
traced to James Logan, secretary to Wil- 
liam Penn, the Fisher family of Phila- 
delphia, the Rotch and the Rodman fami- 
lies of New England, to Governors Brad- 
street and Dudley, of Massachusetts, 
William Ellery of Rhode Island, the 
signer, and to William Ellery Channing, 
of Boston, the celebrated Unitarian 
preacher, the latter her great-grandfather. 
She was educated until 1886 by private 
tutors at home, then for three years at- 
tended Miss Irwin's School, graduating 
in 1889, president of her class. When yet 
a child she developed a talent for organ- 
izing, and many were the entertainments 
she directed with her young performers. 
At seventeen years of age she began 
teaching a class in the Sunday school of 
the Unitarian church of Germantown, and 
for eleven years rarely missed a Sunday. 
During this period she also organized an 
association of young people of the Uni- 
tarian churches, called "The Young 
People's Guild of Christian Life." At 
twenty-six she was made a trustee of the 
church and served a year. She had, after 
graduation from school, entered into so- 
cial gaieties to the full, spending her 
summers, however, out-of-doors, seizing 
all opportunities to ride, walk, climb or 
swim. In 1892 she organized a Boys' 
and Girls' Club in Fisher's Hollow, Ger- 
mantown. having a little earlier become 
interested in the Evening Home for Boys 
in Philadelphia. She led operas at the 
Boys' Evening Home and for many years 
played in a piano quartette at Dr. Moss's 
house in Chestnut Hill. At the Evening 
Home her genius for philanthropy first 



revealed itself. She organized a sight 
singing class with a paid teacher for the 
smaller, and later, for the larger boys. 
Within another two months she organ- 
ized a military company for boys of fif- 
teen years and older under Dr. Ward, of 
Girard College, a drill master. She 
trained the boys personally in vocal 
music, and in successive seasons pre- 
sented four of the popular Gilbert and 
Sullivan operas. Small one act plays and 
minstrel shows were given by the boys, 
gymnasium drills were established with 
her aid, a debating society was organized 
for boys from sixteen to eighteen years 
of age, which held regular meetings to 
discuss municipal problems. For more 
than twenty years she actively aided in 
the work of the Evening Home, coming 
into its work a girl, continuing until 
death. She had a definite aim in her 
work, regarding the uplifting of the "boy" 
and his salvation as the safety and per- 
petuation of the state. 

In 1893, with Miss Cornelia Frothing- 
ham, Miss Wister founded the Civic Club 
of Philadelphia, and was elected its first 
treasurer. Such was her devotion to the 
work that she became the very soul of the 
club, filling almost every position on the 
board, was twice president, and for 
twenty years was its inspiration and 
leader, giving not only of her time, means 
and capacity to the work, but her very 
best thought and constant and untiring 
striving for its success. Nowhere is the 
memory of this most gracious and gifted 
lady more lovingly remembered than by 
her associates of the Civic Club of Phila- 
delphia. Her service as its president for 
the second time was cut short by her 
death. 

Mrs. Wister was interested in every 
phase of municipal government and par- 
ticularly in the Civil Service branch, un- 
derstanding fully the conflict between the 
spoils and merit systems. In 1912 she 

475 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



assisted the commission in its examina- 
tions for teacher, assistant teacher, and 
principal for the Board of Recreation, and 
was often consulted by members of the 
commission, her advice carrying unusual 
weight. For twenty years she was a 
member of the Contemporary Club, use- 
ful as an officer and member of different 
committees, and through timely advice. 
She was an active member of the Agnes 
Irwin Alumnae Association from its 
founding in 1897, and was its president in 
1900 and 1901. 

During the last years of her life she 
was sharing in the work of the General 
Federation of Women's Clubs, a commit- 
tee member of the Civics Department, a 
delegate to the convention held at San 
Francisco, July, 1912. At her death, the 
sense of what she was to be, what in- 
evitably would have been her influence, 
caused the "Outlook" to speak of her 
editorially as "a loss to the citizenship 
of the city and the nation." 

But her great work was done in her 
own city and state, through the Civic 
Club of Philadelphia, and in her service 
as chairman of the civic committee of the 
State Federation of Pennsylvania Wo- 
men. She spoke to crowded conferences 
and made tangible and real her high 
ideals. Thoughtful and considerate of 
others, a real lover of humanity, she gave 
freely of every talent she possessed. 
"Doubtless there are many ideal women 
in the world. The one I knew has passed 
on." (Mrs. J. P. Mumford in "The North 
American," August 31, 1913). 

In 1898 Miss Wister married Owen 
Wister, a second cousin of her father. 
Six children survive her. By her life she 
showed to all who knew her, that no 
public interests need diminish or impair 
a woman's devotion to her home. While 
still in her girlhood she had seen the need 
of healthier environment for her city's 
children, both in their work and play, and 



for this she had been ardently and stead- 
fastly striving long before she married 
and had children of her own. On Janu- 
ary I, 1S98, she was appointed by the 
judges a member of the Board of Edu- 
cation. Of her work until her retirement 
in September, 1899, Governor Brum- 
baugh wrote at her death: "Her work 
for our schools was so unselfish, so altru- 
istic, so splendidly progressive that it is 
entirely fair to say that she was a great 
leader of educational thought and accom- 
plishment. Before I knew the schools 
intimately I knew of her great work and 
recognized her unusual gifts of leader- 
ship. Every child in this city is richer 
in spiritual nutrition by reason of her life 
and services. A building should be 
named in her memory." Later the 
"Zachary Taylor" School was renamed 
the "Mary Channing Wister" School, a 
most appropriate honor. 

Mrs. Wister was the editor of the Civic 
Club Bulletin from its first issue, that 
publication carrying the news of civic 
improvement to women's clubs all over 
the world, even to China, Japan and In- 
dia. By unanimous vote of the club it 
was decided that the May, 1914, issue 
of the Civic Club Bulletin should be en- 
tirely in memory of Mrs. Wister's life, 
character and public service. From that 
number much of the material for this 
sketch has been obtained. 



DINKEY, Alva Clymer, 

President of Carnegie Steel Company. 

Pittsburgh — that acme of activity, that 
industrial cyclone — owes its supremacy 
among the steel cities of the world to its 
superior brain-power. Its steel mills and 
furnaces which know no rest, its lurid 
fires which send forth a blaze as cease- 
less as the roar of Niagara, are under the 
control of men who seem to possess that 
secret of perpetual energy which science 
cannot explain — men of the type of Alva 



1476 




Z,^^A-u,..^,^^,'^^3 ^- 



, 4»^^/?»ZK.™ ^^j-^.AO' 




ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Clymer Dinkey, president of the Carnegie 
Steel Company. Mr. Dinkey has resided 
a quarter of a century in Pittsburgh, and 
for the last fifteen years has been a recog- 
nized power in the steel world. 

Alva Clymer Dinkey was born Febru- 
ary 20, 1866, at Weatherly, Carbon 
county, Pennsylvania, and was a son of 
Reuben and Mary Elizabeth (Hamm) 
Dinkey. In early childhood death de- 
prived him of his father, but his mother 
was a woman of the heroic type. A 
widow in straitened circumstances, with 
several children dependent upon her, she 
set herself to the task of developing their 
moral and intellectual faculties and so 
fitting them to fill worthily a wider and 
higher sphere. Alva and his brother had 
received their first education in the public 
schools of their birthplace when their 
mother removed with her family to Brad- 
dock, in order that the two boys, after 
attending for a time the schools of that 
place, might find employment in the steel 
mills. Whether or not she foresaw the 
eminence to which one of her sons would 
eventually attain, certain it is that future 
years abundantly proved the wisdom of 
her course. Her daughter, Emma E., be- 
came the wife of Charles M. Schwab, 
famous in the steel world, and now head 
of the great Bethlehem Steel Company of 
Pennsylvania. 

Mr. Dinkey's first employment, May 
21, 1879, was as water-carrier in the Ed- 
gar Thomson Steel Works, and he is still 
remembered by the furnace men as a 
bright, intelligent boy who was always 
asking questions. That he was indus- 
trious as well as inquiring is proved by 
the fact that he was advanced to higher 
positions. In 1882 he learned telegraphy 
at a little station near Braddock and was 
employed as operator in the Edgar 
Thomson Works. Later he entered the 
Pittsburgh Locomotive Works, as a 
machinist apprentice. Here he worked 



three years, or until he was able to leave 
and obtain employment with the Mc- 
Tighe Electric Company of Pittsburgh as 
an expert machinist. Every one of these 
changes meant a drop in wages, but a 
gain in knowledge, and, wonderful as it 
was in so young a man, Mr. Dinkey rec- 
ognized that fact, and not that alone, but 
also the accompanying fact that the gain 
in knowledge more than counterbalanced 
the drop in wages, and would continue 
in the future to increasingly outweigh 
that temporary disadvantage. The re- 
sult, as the world knows, more than jus- 
tified his course. 

Securing a position with the Carnegie 
Steel Company at the Homestead Works, 
in 1889 Mr. Dinkey became secretary to 
Superintendent Potter. In 1893 he left 
the general office and went into the mill 
to work as an electrician, seeing the ad- 
vantage of the practical man over the 
office man, and also the wonderful future 
for the application of electricity to the 
stupendous machinery so necessary for 
the manufacture of steel. In 1898 he was 
made superintendent of the electric light 
and power plant of the Homestead Steel 
Works, and it was while holding this 
position that Mr. Dinkey invented the 
"Dinkey Controller," the first controller 
that was able to successfully handle the 
powerful currents necessary for heavy 
mill machinery. He also applied elec- 
tricity to many of the operations neces- 
sary in the manufacture of steel, not only 
making it possible to handle larger units 
and increase production, but also reliev- 
ing the workmen of the very arduous 
labor that was then necessary, until to- 
day this plant is the wonder of the visitor 
in the amount of material handled by the 
comparatively few workmen. Succeeding 
to the position of assistant to the g'eneral 
superintendent, and then to general su- 
perintendent, he found himself, at an age 
at which most men have not yet risen 



1477 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



from the ranks, in command of ten thous- 
and men — an industrial general who, as 
years went on, many times led his firm to 
victory. He was appointed to this posi- 
tion April I, 1901, succeeding William E. 
Corey, whose assistant he had been for a 
year previous. August i, 1903, Mr. 
Dinkey succeeded Mr. Corey as president 
of the Carnegie Steel Company. 

In no way has Mr. Dinkey more con- 
vincingly proved his ability as a com- 
mander of men than in his treatment of 
his employees. Never regarding them 
merely as parts of a great machine, he 
recognizes their individuality, and noth- 
ing gives him greater pleasure than to 
reward with speedy promotion their 
worth and ability. Moreover, he has the 
rare faculty of inspiring them with his 
own enthusiasm, and he receives from 
them an unstinted measure of most loyal 
service. Were men of this type more 
common we should soon cease to hear of 
the controversy between capital and 
labor. 

A fine-looking, genial man whose coun- 
tenance radiates an optimistic spirit, Mr. 
Dinkey carries with him the suggestion 
of intense vitality and alertness, and the 
briefest talk with him reveals his ability, 
the versatility of his talents and his rare 
gift for managing large and intricate 
business enterprises. He is president and 
a director of the Carnegie Steel Company, 
and director of the following: H. C. 
Frick Coke Company; Pittsburgh Besse- 
mer & Lake Erie Railroad ; Mellon Na- 
tional Bank, of Pittsburgh ; Monongahela 
Trust Company, Homestead, Pennsyl- 
vania ; Duquesne Trust Company, Du- 
quesne, Pennsylvania ; Hays National 
Bank, Hays. Pennsylvania. His influence 
is felt not only in business, but in politics 
as well, his support being invariably 
given to the Republican party. He is a 
member of the American Society of Elec- 
trical Engineers, American Society of 



Mechanical Engineers, American Society 
of Mining Engineers, American Society 
for the Advancement of Science, Engi- 
neers Society of Western Pennsylvania, 
Engineers' Club of New York, the Pil- 
grims, Duquesne, Country, Union and 
Oakmont clubs. He is a member of the 
board of trustees of the Carnegie Insti- 
tute and of the Carnegie Hero Fund Com- 
mission. 

Mr. Dinkey married Margaret, daugh- 
ter of Major Robert E. and Caroline (Mc- 
Masters) Stewart, of Pittsburgh, and 
they are the parents of three children : 
Robert E., Alva C. Jr.. and Leonora 
Stewart. Mrs. Dinkey is one of those 
rare women who combine with perfect 
womanliness and domesticity an unerring 
judgment, traits of the greatest value to 
her husband, to whom she is not alone 
a charming companion, but a confidante 
and adviser. Mr. Dinkey is a man of 
strong domestic affections, and he and 
his wife are both extremely popular in 
the social circles of the city, their beau- 
tiful home on Ellsworth avenue being 
the centre of refined and gracious hos- 
pitality. The attractive personality of 
Mrs. Dinkey, combined with her mental 
endowments and innate grace and tact, 
admirably fit her for her position as one 
of the potent factors of Pittsburgh so- 
ciety. 

Mr. Dinkey is conspicuous among a 
class of men who constitute one of the 
special glories of our Republic — men who 
are the architects of their own fortunes. 
In that arena where mighty steel kings 
win their coronations he has achieved for 
himself a position of trust and honor. His 
motto is and ever has been that of his 
own wonderful city — "Work !" 



MEHARD, Samuel Smiley, 

Distingnislieil I/axryer and Jurist. 

The prestige of the Pittsburgh bar has 
in some instances been maintained by 



1478 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



men who have practiced there from the 
day of their admission, and whose in- 
creasing reputation has been identified at 
every step with their home city. But 
there are other instances, instances of 
men who have come to the metropolis 
when their fame was at its meridian, 
bringing with them the fruits of splen- 
did achievement to enrich and ampHfy 
her professional life. Such has been the 
case with the Hon. Samuel Smiley Me- 
hard, former President Judge of the 
Thirty-fifth Judicial District of Pennsyl- 
vania, and for the last three years head 
of the law firm of Mehard, Scully & Me- 
hard, one of the leading professional or- 
ganizations of the city. Judge Alehard 
has been a resident of Pittsburgh for 
nearly a quarter of a century and during 
that entire period has stood in the front 
rank of her advocates and counsellors. 

The earliest records to which we have 
access show the Mehards to have been a 
Scotch-Irish family, but there is reason 
for believing that Scotland was their 
original home. This reason is found in 
the ancient spelling of the name, which 
was Maharg, and which, reversed, is Gra- 
ham, and there seems a strong proba- 
bility that in the troublous times when 
religious persecution drove so many of 
the Scotch into Ireland the name under- 
went a transformation. 

James Mehard, grandfather of Samuel 
Smiley Mehard, was born in County An- 
trim, Ireland, and in 1818 emigrated to 
the United States. After remaining for a 
time in Philadelphia he removed to Butler 
county and in 1832 settled on a tract of 
eight hundred acres near Wirtemberg. in 
Wayne township, Lawrence county, then 
Beaver county. This land became the 
homestead and is still in possession of 
the family. Mr. Mehard married, in Ire- 
land, Christina Orr, who was also of 
a Scotch-Irish family, and their children 
were: Robert, Thomas, James, Samuel 



Smiley, mentioned below, Joseph, Wil- 
liam, Matilda, Elizabeth, and Ann. 

Samuel Smiley, son of James and Chris- 
tina (Orr) Mehard, was born in Har- 
mony, Butler county, Pennsylvania, in 
1822, and received his education at Darl- 
ington Academy and Duquesne College, 
Pittsburgh. He then studied medicine 
under the preceptorship of Dr. Peter 
Mowey, one of the distinguished physi- 
cians of old Pittsburgh, and in 1847 
graduated from Jefferson Medical Col- 
lege, Philadelphia. He settled in Mercer 
Mercer county, Pennsylvania, where he 
practiced his profession during the re- 
mainder of his life. Dr. Mehard married, 
April I. 1847, Mary Jane, daughter of 
James Miller and Alatilda (Benning) 
Walker, of Allegheny City, Pennsylvania, 
and they were the parents of two sons : 
James Walker, a physician, now de- 
ceased ; and Samuel Smiley, mentioned 
below. During his latter years. Dr. Me- 
hard. in consequence of impaired health, 
virtually limited his professional labors 
to consultation, his son. Dr. James Wal- 
ker Mehard, succeeding to his practice. 
The latter, however, did not survive his 
father, passing away September 25, 1883. 
The death of Dr. Mehard occurred Sep- 
tember 30, 1883. He was a devoted phy- 
sician and an excellent man in every re- 
lation of life. 

Samuel Smiley Mehard. son of Samuel 
Smiley and Mary Jane (Walker) Mehard, 
was born December 18, 1849, i" West 
Sunbury, Butler county. Pennsylvania, 
and received his early education in the 
schools of Mercer, whither his parents re- 
moved when he was but two years old. 
The boy passed from the public schools 
to Westminster College, graduating with 
high honors in the class of i86g. After 
reading law at Mercer under the guidance 
of the late Hon. John Trunkey, then 
President Judge of the Thirty-fifth Judi- 
cial District, he was admitted in 1871 to 



1479 



EXCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the Mercer county bar. Without delay 
Mr. Alehard entered upon the practice of 
his profession, associating himself with 
James A. Stranahan, under the firm name 
of Stranahan & Alehard, a connection 
which was maintained until his elevation 
to the bench. In 1S74 Air. Alehard went 
abroad and spent a year in post-graduate 
work at Heidelberg University. On his 
return home he resumed the practice of 
his profession, steadily rising into promi- 
nence and winning the confidence, ad- 
miration and respect both of the legal 
fraternity and the general public. 

On December 8, 1883, ^^r. Alehard was 
appointed by Governor Robert E. Patti- 
son, President Judge of the Thirty-fifth 
Judicial District, to fill the vacancy 
caused by the death of Judge AlacDer- 
mitt. His eminent fitness for the office 
became immediately apparent, and after 
serving almost one year by appointment 
he was elected in 1884 for the full term 
of ten years. The solid and brilliant 
work done by Judge Alehard during his 
memorable decade is still fresh in the 
memories of his fellow-citizens and its 
record has passed into the keeping of his- 
tory. 

At the expiration of his term of office 
in January, 1895, Judge Alehard came to 
Pittsburgh, where he has ever since been 
actively engaged in the practice of his 
profession. In addition to this he has for 
a number of years served as one of the 
lecturers in the law department of the 
University of Pittsburgh, a position for 
which ability, education and experience 
have qualified him to an exceptional de- 
gree. 

Politically Judge Alehard is a Demo- 
crat, and among his dominant character- 
istics has always been an earnest and 
wisely directed interest in all that con- 
cerned the welfare of his community. He 
is a director of the First National Bank 



of Alercer, Pennsylvania, and of the Pitts- 
burgh Transformer Company, also a trus- 
tee of the Pure Oil Company. He holds 
the office of elder in the Second United 
Presbyterian Church of Alercer. 

How often do we hear the phrase, "He 
looks the man he is," and of how many 
shades of meaning is it susceptible ! When 
applied to Judge Alehard its significance 
is at once apparent. Instantly there rises 
before the mind's eye the dignified bear- 
ing, the eagle glance, the aspect at once 
judicial and benevolent — all combining to 
form a picture of the learned counsellor, 
the upright judge and the true and kindly 
gentleman. 

On July I, 18S0, Judge Alehard mar- 
ried, in Sioux City, Iowa, Ida Augusta 
Brown, whose ancestral record is ap- 
pended to this biography, and they be- 
came the parents of one son: Churchill 
Brown, whose biography may be found 
on another page of this work. A brief 
but most happy union of less than three 
years was dissolved by the death of Airs. 
Alehard, who passed away Alay 29, 1883, 
in the bloom of youth, leaving a sweet 
and charming memory in the hearts of 
all who knew her. 

Wearing the laurels won at the bar 
Judge Alehard ascended the bench where, 
for eleven years, he kept the ermine with- 
out stain. Now. invested with judicial 
prestige, he stands among the leaders of 
the bar of the metropolis of Pennsylvania. 

(The Brown Line). 

Justice George H. Brown, of Somer- 
ville. New Jersey, married Joan Gaston 
(see Gaston line), and among their chil- 
dren was Ida Augusta, mentioned below. 

Ida Augusta, daughter of George H. 
and Joan (Gaston) Brown, was born No- 
vember 2T,, 1859, in Somerville, New Jer- 
sey, and became the wife of Samuel 
Smiley Alehard, as stated above. 



[480 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(The Gaston Line). 

Joseph Gaston, the first ancestor of 
record, was born in Somerset county, 
New Jersey, and served during the Revo- 
lutionary War as paymaster of the New 
Jersey State troops and militia, partici- 
pating in all the battles and skirmishes in 
which the New Jersey troops were en- 
gaged. He married Ida Van Arsdale, 
and among their children was John I., 
mentioned below. Joseph Gaston died 
October i6, 1796, in the neighborhood of 
his birthplace. 

John I., son of Joseph and Ida (Van 
Arsdale) Gaston, married Catherine An- 
nan, and they were the parents of a 
daughter, Joan, mentioned below. 

Joan, daughter of John I. and Cath- 
erine (Annan) Gaston, became the wife 
of George H. Brown (see Brown line). 



MEHARD, Churchill Brown, 

Lawyer, National Guard Officer. 

Prominent among the younger gener- 
ation of lawyers who are infusing into 
the Pittsburgh bar the element of youth- 
ful vigor and enthusiasm is Churchill 
Brown Mehard, of the widely known firm 
of Mehard, Scully & Mehard. Though 
not a native of the Iron City, Mr. IMehard. 
during the thirteen years of his residence 
here, has thoroughly identified himself 
with a number of her leading interests, 
entering into their promotion with the 
same ardor and aggressiveness which 
characterize his devotion to his profes- 
sion. 

Churchill Brown Mehard was born 
May 27. 1881, in Mercer, Pennsylvania, 
and is the son of Judge Samuel Smiley 
and the late Ida Augusta (Brown) I\Ie- 
hard. A biography of Judge Mehard, 
with full ancestry, appears on a previous 
page in this work. Churchill Brown Me- 
hard received his preliminary education 
in public schools, passing thence to West- 
minster College, New Wilmington, Penn- 



sylvania, and afterward to Kaverford 
College. He next entered the ]\Iilitary 
Academy at Chester, graduating in 1902 
with the degree of Civil Engineer. Im- 
mediately thereafter he came to Pitts- 
burgh, where he attended the Pittsburgh 
Law School until 1905. the institution 
conferring upon him in that year the de- 
gree of Bachelor of Laws. In December, 
1905, he was admitted to the bar of Alle- 
gheny county, his preceptor having been 
his father, with whom he studied while 
attending the Law School. After gradu- 
ation ]Mr. ]\Iehard began practice in asso- 
ciation with his father, and in 1908 be- 
came a member of the firm, the style 
being S. S. & C. B. Mehard. This re- 
mained unchanged until January i, 1910, 
when Mr. Mehard was appointed Assist- 
ant District Attorney under ^^'illiam A. 
Blakely, serving until July. 191 2, when 
he resigned. The manner in which he 
discharged the duties of the office won 
the distinct and hearty approval of mem- 
bers of the profession and of all good 
citizens, and made increasingly evident 
a fact which had for some time been 
attracting public notice — the large share 
of the father's ability which had fallen to 
the lot of the son. In April, 1912, the 
firm of Mehard, Scully & Mehard was 
organized, the partners being Judge Sam- 
uel Smiley Mehard, Cornelius Scully and 
Churchill Brown Mehard. The firm prac- 
tices corporation and general law and has 
a large clientele. Mr. Mehard is a mem- 
ber of the superior and supreme courts of 
Pennsylvania and also of the Mercer 
county courts. 

The political allegiance of Mr. ISIehard 
is given to the Republican party, and one 
of the ways in which his ever-active pub- 
lic spirit manifests itself is his interest in 
the National Guard of his native State. 
On January 12. 1903, he enlisted in the 
Eighteenth Infantry, and became first 
lieutenant ; on March 7, 1903, he was pro- 
481 



ENXYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



moted to battalion adjutant ; and on 
March 4, 1904. he was made captain and 
regimental adjutant, serving until June 
19, 1912, when he was appointed major, 
adjutant general's department, and as- 
signed to duty as brigade adjutant. Sec- 
ond Brigade, in which capacity he is now 
serving. He belongs to the Sons of the 
American Revolution and the Duquesne, 
University, Allegheny Country and Edge- 
worth clubs, also the Officers' Club of the 
Eighteenth Infantry "Duquesne Grays." 
He is a member of the Sewickley Presby- 
terian Church. 

The personality of Mr. Mehard is that 
of a high-class young Pittsburgh lawyer. 
The characteristics of the type — natural 
aptitude, complete equipment, a high 
sense of honor and unremitting devotion 
to duty — are too well known to need repe- 
tition here and of each one the career and 
work of Mr. Mehard afford a striking 
illustration. 

On June 21, 1905, a congenial marriage 
gave the crowning touch to Mr. Mehard's 
happiness. On that day he was united to 
Mary, daughter of the late Theodore D. 
and Ida Eugenia (Hoist) Kline, of Savan- 
nah. Georgia. Mr. Kline was general 
manager of the Central Railroad of 
Georgia, and had been a major in the 
Confederate army. Mr. and Mrs. Mehard 
are the parents of one daughter, Ida 
Brown Mehard. Mrs. Mehard is a mem- 
ber of the Women's Club of Sewickley 
and the Allegheny Country Club, and pre- 
sides with gracious tact over the beauti- 
ful home at Sewickley, where she and her 
husband delight to welcome their many 
friends. 

Mr. Mehard is the son of a man emi- 
nent in his profession and inherits ances- 
tral traditions of honorable achievement 
and disinterested devotion. To these tra- 
ditions he has been absolutely faithful 
and the present gives assurance that the 
future holds much in store for him. 



BAKEWELL, William, 

Lia'wyer, Man of Affairs. 

The Bar of Pittsburgh had its begin- 
ning before the American Revolution, and 
its history, from that period to the pres- 
ent time, is of absorbing interest. The 
latter half of the nineteenth century con- 
stituted one of its most brilliant epochs 
and during the entire fifty years it num- 
bered among its foremost members the 
late William Bakewell, whose conduct of 
cases falling under the patent laws gave 
him an unsurpassed celebrity. Mr. Bake- 
well was also distinguished as a business 
man and as a citizen was identified with 
the most essential interests of Pittsburgh. 

William Bakewell was born February 
12, 1823, in Chester, England, and was a 
son of the Rev. William Johnstone and 
Sarah (Needam) Bakewell. Mr. Bake- 
well was a clergyman of the Church of 
England. He and his wife were the par- 
ents of three other sons : Judge Robert 
A. Bakewell, of St. Louis; Dr. Frank S. 
Bakewell, also of St. Louis ; and Fred- 
erick, who became a noted Roman Catho- 
lic priest of Montreal, Canada. William 
Bakewell was educated in Norwich, Eng- 
land, and in 1839, being then sixteen years 
of age, came with his parents to the 
United States. A fondness for mathe- 
matics attracted him to the study of civil 
engineering and his first employment was 
under Colonel Minor Roberts, on the engi- 
neering corps of the State of Pennsyl- 
vania, the work being on the line of the 
extension of the Erie canal. While em- 
ployed as a civil engineer, Mr. Bakewell 
was associated with the late Hon. Felix 
Brunot, who became his warm personal 
friend. Eventually Mr. Bakewell's incli- 
nations, coupled perhaps with a feeling of 
innate ability, led him in 1842 to enter 
upon the study of law in the office of 
Charles O. Bradford, and he also attended 
the law school of the Western University 
of Pennsylvania, and on January 13, 1845, 



[482 




^ s^ jT ^ ^f^^/f^"^ ^^rc Ary^ 



'/S, 



QJocoo-cl^, 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



he was admitted to the bar of Allegheny 
county. In 1850 he received admission to 
the United States courts. It speedily be- 
came evident that in his choice of a pro- 
fession he had made no mistake. An in- 
herent aptitude, combined with thorough 
equipment and unremitting devotion to 
duty enabled him to build up a large and 
lucrative practice. While it was general 
in character he made a special study of 
patent cases, his knowledge and astute- 
ness in this branch of his profession bring- 
ing him an enormous clientele. As a pat- 
ent attorney, he was one of the pioneers 
in this branch of the legal profession in 
the country, and really the father of pat- 
ent law in the city of Pittsburgh. He 
was a recognized leader in this class of 
cases and of the great number which he 
conducted during the long period of his 
professional career many were notable in 
legal annals. 

His acknowledged professional skill, 
goodness of heart, his polished urbanity, 
his high sense of honor and noble gen- 
erosity of nature, endeared Mr. Bakewell 
to all. In his intercourse with other pro- 
fessional gentlemen, his conduct was 
marked by the most scrupulous regard 
for the rights and feelings of others. His 
estimate of the character of the profes- 
sion was, indeed, exalted. It constituted 
the very essence of honor, dignity, benev- 
olence, and usefulness; and in his own 
dealings he exhibited a living exemplifica- 
tion of his views. He was, in truth, a 
very model of professional etiquette — not 
in its letter only, but in its purest spirit. 
He was always anxious, not merely to act 
honorably to a professional brother, but 
also to serve him, if he could, by advanc- 
ing his interests, and increasing his claims 
to public estimation and confidence. He 
was so constituted, that it was impossible 
for him to be guilty of dishonorable 
rivalry towards his fellow practitioners. 
He scorned the tricks of the profession 



and those who practiced them. To the 
junior members of the legal fraternity he 
was particularly kind and generous, and 
was the preceptor of most of the present 
Pittsburgh patent attorneys. They were 
at once made to feel that he was one in 
whom they could wholly confide, and in 
consequence of his winning kindness of 
heart and manner, and the real interest 
he always manifested in their success, he 
was almost regarded by them as a father. 
He was attorney for the late George 
Westinghouse. 

In addition to his talents as a lawyer, 
Mr. Bakewell possessed remarkable busi- 
ness ability. He was connected with the 
Monongahela Navigation Company as an 
officer from its inception, becoming in 
1842 secretary and subsequently assum- 
ing, in conjunction with the duties of this 
office, those of the treasureship. In this 
he was associated with Felix Brunot and 
General Moorhead, and the positions of 
secretary and treasurer he held for more 
than fifty years, or until the time it was 
sold to the United States Government, 
meeting their demands, in addition to 
those of his profession, with keen vision, 
sound judgment and unfaltering enter- 
prise. 

Seldom, indeed, is it that a man as suc- 
cessful in professional and business life as 
Mr. Bakewell takes the keen and helpful 
interest in civic affairs which he ever 
manifested. In politics he was first a 
Whig and later a Republican, but never 
took an active part in the afifairs of the 
organization. Nothing, however, which 
concerned the public welfare found him 
indififerent and no project which he 
thought calculated to further that end 
lacked the support of his influence and 
means. For a number of years he served 
on the State Board of Charities, and he 
was personally identified with many insti- 
tutions of a philanthropic and educational 
character. He was on the board of public 



1483 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



charities of Pittsburgh, an honorary posi- 
tion only. He was secretary of the board 
of trustees of the Western University of 
Pennsylvania (now the University of 
Pittsburgh), and the Western Theolog- 
ical Seminary. For many years he was a 
trustee of the Allegheny Cemetery. Ever 
ready to respond to any deserving call 
made upon him, he was widely but un- 
ostentatiously charitable. For fifty-five 
years he was an active member of the 
Presbyterian church. 

Possessing as he did that magnetism of 
personality which, coupled with driving 
energy, has ever been characteristic of 
successful men in all spheres of endeavor, 
Mr. Bakewell's achievements were "a 
foregone conclusion." Born to command, 
wise to plan, he was quick in action and 
capable of prolonged labor with the power 
of close concentration. Work was happi- 
ness to a man of his stamp, but the fact 
that his exceptional success never inter- 
fered with his steadfast devotion to the 
highest purposes of his life furnishes the 
strongest proof of his commanding intel- 
lect and capacious heart. His salient traits 
of character were deeply imprinted on his 
strong, resolute countenance, his eyes, 
with all their keenness, held in their 
depths the glint of humor and his man- 
ner, dignified and courteous, had a win- 
ning geniality that drew men to him. 
Never did he forsake a friend, and hon- 
esty and honor were the watchwords of 
his long and useful life. 

Mr. Bakewell married, July 15, 1845. 
Jane H., born November 8, 1825, daugh- 
ter of the Rev. Allan D. and Nancy 
White (Bakewell) Campbell, and the fol- 
lowing children were born to them : Colo- 
nel Allan C. Bakewell, retired, of New 
York ; Euphemia Bakewell, who died in 
infancy ; William F. Bakewell, who died 
young ; James K. Bakewell, a lawyer of 
Pittsburgh ; Thomas W. Bakewell, who 
died July 7. 1909; Frances E. Bakewell, 



who married Charles Wharton Jr. ; Ben- 
jamin Campbell Bakewell. who died about 
1910; Jane C. Bakewell, who married 
George Irwin Holdship. 

Mr. Bakewell was a man of strong 
domestic tastes and affections, devoted to 
the ties of family and friendship, and 
"given to hospitality." He was, as all 
who were ever privileged to be his guests 
can testify, a delightful host, possessed of 
graphic powers of conversation and a 
singular fund of humor, always controlled 
by kindness of heart and consideration for 
others. The wife who was, for more than 
half a century, the presiding genius of his 
home and his true and sympathizing help- 
mate, survived him but six months, pass- 
ing away May 18, 1901. 

The death of Mr. Bakewell, which oc- 
curred November 8, 1900, deprived Pitts- 
burgh of one of her sterling citizens and 
the legal profession of a member who, for 
fifty-four years, had been continuously 
engaged in active practice and during 
that long period had been one of its 
brightest ornaments and most honored 
representatives. Air. Bakewell was one 
of the men to whom Pittsburgh owes 
a debt of gratitude. As a public-spirited 
citizen he helped to strengthen the ele- 
ments essential to the true life of a mu- 
nicii)ality, and as a business man he 
greatly aided in the increase of the ma- 
terial prosperity of his community. It 
was, however, as an advocate and coun- 
sellor that he was most conspicuous and 
will be longest held in remembrance. Flis 
name will go down in the history of the 
city as that of one of the most brilliant 
specialists who ever graced her courts. 



McCORMICK, David Cummings, 

Pioneer Iron Master. 

In this age of iron Pittsburgh is a seat 
of empire with a grandeur more substan- 
tial than that of Greece or Rome, and the 
men who rendered her thus supreme, who 



1484 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



gave to her her proud name of the "Iron 
City," were, indeed, makers not of their 
own fortunes alone, but of the fortunes 
of multitudes. High on the list of these 
Titans of trade stands the name of the 
late David Cummings McCormick, one of 
the first men to make pig iron for the 
supply of the Pittsburgh mills. Mr. Mc- 
Cormick, during his long residence in 
Pittsburg, added to his renown as a manu- 
facturer the distinction which attaches 
itself to a notably conscientious and pub- 
lic-spirited citizen. 

David Cummings McCormick was born 
August 22, 1832, on a plantation near 
Savannah, Georgia. He was a son of 
Pollard and Rebecca (Shoenberger) Mc- 
Cormick. The boy received his educa- 
tion in public and private schools, at old 
Carlisle College, Carlisle, Pennsylvania, 
and later attended Yale College. At an 
early age he came to Pittsburgh with his 
parents. His father became identified 
with the celebrated iron firm of the 
Shoenbergers, brothers of his wife. This 
business was founded by his wife's father. 
Dr. Peter Shoenberger, who emigrated 
to the United States from Germany some 
time previous. Dr. Shoenberger erected 
several furnaces, calling them by the 
names of his daughters — the Sarah Fur- 
nace, the Alartha Furnace, the Maria Fur- 
nace and the Rebecca Furnace. He was 
also the proprietor of the Juniata Forge, 
in Huntingdon county; his next enter- 
prise was the erection of the Juniata 
Works, the first rolling mill put in opera- 
tion in Pittsburgh. This was in 1824, and 
to-day the firms of the Shoenbergers con- 
stitute one of the forces of the iron indus- 
try. John H. Shoenberger was born in 
iSio, at Juniata Forge, Huntingdon coun- 
ty. He received his education at Jefifer- 
son College. In 1833 he went to Pitts- 
burgh, where he was taken into partner- 
ship with his father. He also purchased 
works in Huntingdon countv and re- 



mained there in business until 1862. In 
1 871 he was elected president of the Na- 
tional Exchange Bank of Pittsburgh. 

The industrial genius of his mother's 
family was largely inherited by David 
Cummings ]\IcCormick, for at an early 
age he developed their enterprising spirit. 
As a young man, impelled by the instinct 
of the pioneer, he went to Hollidaysburg, 
Pennsylvania, and near there engaged in 
the manufacture of pig iron, under the 
firm name of the Sarah Furnace Com- 
pany. A liberal, clear-headed man, he 
was, to an exceptional degree, alert to op- 
portunity, a characteristic which led to 
the crowning achievement of his business 
career — the manufacture of pig iron for 
the supply of the Pittsburgh mills. The 
first in the field, David C. McCormick 
reaped a rich harvest, and at the end of 
fifteen years returned to Pittsburgh, the 
possessor of a fortune, where he spent the 
last twenty-five years of his life in well- 
earned repose. 

Belonging as he did to that representa- 
tive class of citizens whose private inter- 
ests never preclude active participation in 
movements which concern the general 
good, iNIr. McCormick made it his con- 
stant aim to advance the welfare of his 
home city, where his mature judgment 
and ripe experience enabled him to give 
to the afifairs of the community counsel 
of genuine value. Although an adherent 
to the Democratic party, Mr. ]McCormick 
was never numbered among its office- 
seekers. A liberal giver to charity, he 
sought, in the bestowal of his benefac- 
tions, to avoid publicity. There was in 
the personality of Air. [McCormick a note- 
worthy combination of aggressiveness 
and conservatism. The latter quality, in 
conjunction with his rare discernment, 
made him a factor of safety in business 
interests, and he was much sought as an 
astute and capable adviser. His face, with 
its resolute features, its keen but kindly 



1485 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



eyes, was expressive of the qualities 
which made him the successful business 
man he was, and his appreciation of the 
good traits of others made him the friend 
of all. 

Mr. McCormick married, June i6, i860, 
Cecelia, daughter of George and Sophia 
(Bradford) Grant. They were the par- 
ents of two children : Sophia Grant ; and 
John Shoenberger, who is head of the 
firm of J. S. McCormick Company. Mrs. 
McCormick, a woman of culture and char- 
acter, was in all respects a worthy help- 
mate for such a man as her husband. 

The death of Mr. McCormick, on March 
12, 1910, removed from Pittsburgh one of 
that city's most representative citizens 
whose career had been illustrative of the 
essential principles of a true life. Re- 
spected by his employes, honored by his 
business associates, he made wise use of 
his opportunities and his wealth. A man 
of stainless character in every relation of 
life, his motives were never questioned. 
He fulfilled to the letter every trust com- 
mitted to him ; was generous in his feel- 
ings and conduct toward all. 

David Cummings McCormick was one 
of the men who do things. Moreover, he 
was one of the men who do things first — 
who take the initiative. His name is in- 
delibly written in the industrial history 
of Pittsburgh as that of one of the pioneer 
manufacturers. Some men are leaders, 
and some are followers. This man was 
one of the leaders. 



BURPEE, Washington Atlee, 

Proprietor of Famous Seed Honse. 

The name Llurpee is as widely known as 
that of Washington, and perhaps there is 
no quarter of the world where flowers and 
vegetables are grown from seeds that 
"Burpee's Annual" of seeds is not a vis- 
itor. It is a matter of pride that Philadel- 
phia is the home of the largest mail order 
seed house in the world, but also of re- 



gret that that city cannot lay claim to 
being the native city of its founder. But 
he is an American, a grandson of Dr. 
Washington L. Atlee, of Philadelphia. 
Mr. Burpee has in truth developed a won- 
derful business, and one that from its in- 
ception to its present magnitude is the 
child of his own genius. Distinctively a 
mail order house, its offerings each sea- 
son are presented to the world through 
the medium of a finely illustrated cata- 
logue. The products of three large farms 
owned by W. Atlee Burpee & Company 
furnish but a small part of the seeds sold, 
but the same standard of quality is ob- 
served as though all were grown on the 
Burpee farms. This method of main- 
taining quality is one of the interesting 
features of the business, as is the pack- 
ing and shipping system, that cares for 
from three to seven thousand orders 
daily, the system of sorting and opening 
mail, the printing department, in fact, a 
visit to the Burpee plant on North Fifth 
street is full of interest at every point. 
While Mr. Burpee is proud of his busi- 
ness, Philadelphia is proud of Mr. Bur- 
pee, for in his treatment of employees he 
has shown to employers that quality of 
product depends on the quality of em- 
ployees. This homely truth has been so 
little understood in the past that Mr. Bur- 
pee and other employers, pioneers in the 
field of improving the working conditions 
of employees, have had to face the criti- 
cism of the less progressive and more 
narrow minded. The Burpee people have 
rest rooms with easy chairs, lounges, 
tables, newspapers and magazines, smok- 
ing rooms for the men, a light, airy dining 
room for women, with food and service at 
cost, umbrellas for use in case of storm, 
and nothing has been overlooked that 
tends to the comfort, convenience, and 
welfare of those connected with the Bur- 
pee plant. This insures a corps of loyal, 
efficient workers, who guarantee custom- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ers immunity from careless packing, ship- 
ping, or delay. System is the keynote 
of the establishment, one result being that 
an order rarely remains unfilled for 
more than twenty-four hours. That such 
a business has been built by one man's 
force, determination, and genius in the 
short space of thirty-nine years seems 
little short of marvelous. 

Could one add to his idea of the activity 
of the Philadelphia house, a view of the 
farm in Gloucester county. New Jersey, 
the Fordhook farms in Bucks county, 
Pennsylvania, the farm in Santa Barbara, 
California, and a view of the hundreds of 
farms elsewhere that produce Burpee 
seeds, then indeed would he gain some 
faint conception of the work that has 
been accomplished by the head of "the 
largest mail order seed house in the 
world." When one ceases to marvel at 
the seed production the next cause for 
wonder is the manner in which such an 
immense number can be sold. Remem- 
bering the more than a million "Silent 
Salesmen" over which millions of men, 
women and children pore, the thousands 
of daily orders are explained. 

Truly a wonderful business, wonder- 
ful in its scope and magnitude, wonder- 
ful in its systematic development, yet 
even more interesting than the business 
is the man who conceived, developed and 
manages it. 

Washington Atlee Burpee was born in 
Sheffield, New Brunswick, Canada, April 
5, 1858, son of David and Ann C. (Atlee) 
Burpee and maternal grandson of Dr. 
Washington L. Atlee, of Philadelphia. 
He became a Philadelphian in early life, 
his parents changing their residence dur- 
ing his boyhood. He obtained his pre- 
paratory education at Friends' Central 
School, then studied for two years at the 
University of Pennsylvania, class of 1878. 
He became interested in the seed business 
in 1876 and for two years was associated 



with partners. In 1878 he severed the 
connection and established a separate 
business under the name W. xYtlee Bur- 
pee & Company. Beginning modestly, 
the business has expanded until Burpee's 
seeds are sought for in every State in the 
Union and every country on the globe. 
The three farms, "Fordhook" (Pennsyl- 
vania), "Sunnybrook" (New Jersey), and 
"Floradale" (California), are part of the 
great business centred in Philadelphia, 
the first named being ^Ir. Burpee's resi- 
dence. There is no friction visible in the 
business, method prevailing everywhere, 
protecting the reputation of the house and 
safeguarding patrons. 

During his thirty-nine years in the seed 
business Mr. Burpee has gained not only 
a national and international acquaintance 
with buyers, but has become prominent 
among growers, florists, and dealers. He 
is an ex-president of the American Seed 
Trade Association, ex-president of the 
American Sweet Pea Association, vice- 
president of the National Sweet Pea As- 
sociation of Great Britain, director of the 
W' holesale Seedsmen's League, member of 
the Societe d'Horticulture de France, 
member of the executive board of the 
National Farm School, and life member 
of the Royal Horticultural Society of 
Great Britain, and in all is well known 
and honored. The development of so vast 
a business has naturally demanded the 
full attention of its owner, but Mr. Bur- 
pee likewise serves as a director of the 
Market Street National Bank, the North- 
ern Trust Company, and is a member of 
the Chamber of Commerce and of the 
Philadelphia Board of Trade. He is a 
trustee of the Howard Hospital and Sani- 
tarium Association of Philadelphia, di- 
rector and ex-president of the Canadian 
Society of Philadelphia, and in politics 
adheres to the principles of the Republi- 
can party. His clubs are the Union 
League, Art, University, City, Racquet, 



1487 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Bachelors' Barge, Poor Richard, all of 
Philadelphia, the National Arts and City, 
of New York, the Merion Cricket and the 
Lansdowne Country Clubs. 

Mr. Burpee married, in Philadelphia, in 
1892, Blanche, daughter of Peter B. 
Simons. Children : David, Washington 
Atlee Jr., and Stuart Alexander. 

David Burpee, son of Washington At- 
lee and Blanche (Simons) Burpee, was 
born April 5, 1S93. He was educated in 
Blight's School, Philadelphia, Culver 
Military Academy, Culver, Indiana, and 
Cornell Agricultural College, and is now 
associated with his father's business as 
manager of the bureau of adjustment. 
He is a member of the Union League, 
the Merion Cricket, Lansdowne Country, 
and the Harris clubs ; also Delta Upsilon 
fraternity, the Philadelphia City Club, 
Chamber of Commerce, and Canadian 
Society ; the Pennsylvania Horticultural 
Society, National Sweet Pea Society of 
Great Britain, and the American Genetic 
Association. 



REA, William, 

Pioneer Iron Master, Financier. 

The late William Rea, for many years 
a member of the widely known firm of 
Robinson, Rea & Company, iron founders 
and machinists of Pittsburgh, was a rep- 
resentative of a family of colonial record 
and Revolutionary fame, belonging him- 
self to a generation which gave a large 
number of useful and public-spirited citi- 
zens to the Commonwealth of Pennsyl- 
vania. 

Samuel Rea, founder of the American 
branch of the race, was born in the North 
of Ireland, of Scotch parentage, and in 
1754 or 1755 emigrated to the province 
of Pennsylvania. After remaining for a 
short time in the western part of Chester 
county he removed to Lancaster county, 
and finally to the Conococheague Valley, 
now Franklin county, then part of Cum- 



berland county. Mr. Rea married (first) 
Miss Snodgrass, of the same family as the 
Rev. James Snodgrass, one of the early 
Presbyterian ministers of the Scotch- 
Irish settlement on the eastern bank of 
the Susquehanna, and a grandson of Ben- 
jamin Snodgrass, one of the pioneers of 
the settlement, who was himself a grand- 
son of Benjamin Snodgrass, an early set- 
tler in the Scotch-Irish colony on the Ne- 
shaminy, in Ikicks county. Mr. Rea mar- 
ried (second) a widow named Edgar, 
and (third) Martha (Grier) Wallace, 
who survived him. His own death oc- 
curred August 15, 181 1. 

John, son of Samuel and ■ ( Snod- 
grass) Rea, was born January 17, 1755, 
in Chester county, Pennsylvania, and 
spent his early life in the Conococheague 
region amid the hardships of the frontier, 
which was then infested with Indians. At 
the outbreak of the Revolutionary War 
he enlisted in Captain William Hen- 
dricks' company, which formed part of 
Colonel Thompson's rifle battalion, the 
first armed force to leave Pennsylvania 
for General Washington's camp at Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts; Leaving Carlisle, 
Cumberland county, on July 15, 1775, 
they reached Cambridge on August 8, 
having been more than three weeks on 
the way. His next service was as lieu- 
tenant of a company in the Fifth Bat- 
talion of Cumberland county militia, his 
commission bearing date January 20, 

1777. On July 31, 1777, he was promoted 
to captain of the Eighth Company in the 
Eighth Battalion, Colonel Smith com- 
manding, being recommissioned May 14, 

1778. On May 10, 1780, he was made 
captain of the Second Company, First 
Battalion, Cumberland county militia, 
Colonel James Johnston commanding, 
thus being virtually in active service dur- 
ing the entire struggle, serving under 
Colonels Armstrong, Smith and Johnston. 
At the close of the war. Captain Rea be- 



1488 




\. 4»^^.*AS£,^^ ^Sr^ .VI^' 



A>^^^H^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



came an ouicer of the Pennsylvania mili- 
tia, rising through the several grades to 
the rank of brigadier-general. During the 
war of 1S12 he was major-general of the 
Seventh Division of Pennsylvania militia, 
in active service. His services as a civil- 
ian were not less distinguished than those 
which he rendered as a soldier. He was 
a member of Assembly from Franklin 
county in the sessions of 1789-90, 1792- 
93 and 1796-97, and in 1803 was elected 
to Congress, serving until 181 1. On May 
II, 1S13, he was again elected to Con- 
gress to complete the unexpired term of 
Robert Whitehall, who died in 1812, be- 
ing re-elected for the term of 1814-15. In 
1S23 he was elected to the State Senate, 
resigning in 1824. General Rea married, 
in November, 1806, Elizabeth Culbertson, 
whose ancestral record is appended to this 
biography, and they became the parents 
of nine sons and two daughters, all of 
whom, with the exception of two, ar- 
rived at maturity — the eldest son, Sam- 
uel ; John, who was a physician ; William, 
who is mentioned below ; and Charles, 
settled in Pittsburgh. General Rea died 
F"ebruary 6, 1829, at Chambersburg, 
Pennsylvania, and his widow passed away 
June 6, 1836, at Mariah Forges, Blair 
county, Pennsylvania. 

William, son of John and Elizabeth 
(Culbertson) Rea, was born June 6, 
1820, near Rocky Springs, Cumberland 
county, Pennsvlvania, and received his 
education in the schools of the neighbor- 
hood. At the age of sixteen he entered 
upon the active business of life, being 
employed on the old Pennsylvania canal, 
in Pittsburgh. On arriving at man's es- 
tate he formed a partnership with his 
brother John, engaging in the forward- 
ing and commission business. It was 
the duty of the firm to take charge of the 
goods shipped by canal to Pittsburgh and 
forv^ard them to New Orleans and other 
points west and south. In this sphere of 



action the executive abiniics possessed 
by Air. Rea attracted speedy recognition, 
rapidly advancing him to a place among 
the leading business men of the city. The 
office of the firm was on First street. In 
1863, Air. Rea became a partner in the 
business of Robinson, Rea & Company, 
William C. Robinson being the other 
member of the firm. This iniiuential 
concern of iron founders and machinists 
was one of the most prominent in the city 
of Pittsburgh. In 1884 the business was 
incorporated, Mr. Rea becoming its treas- 
urer, an office which he retained to the 
close of his life. 

To how great a degree the distinction 
of the organization with which he was so 
long connected and its flourishing con- 
dition were due to Mr. Rea's keen vision 
and capable management cannot be fully 
estimated, but certain it is that these were 
of well-nigh incalculable value. His ad- 
ministrative abilities were also exercised 
in the realm of finance with results which 
were alike creditable to himself and bene- 
ficial to the institutions with which he 
was associated. He was president of the 
Alerchants" and Alanufacturers' National 
Bank and the People's Savings Bank and 
vice-president of the Safe Deposit and 
Trust Company. In politics Mr. Rea was 
a Republican with independent tenden- 
cies. He belonged to the Duquesne Club 
and was a member, originally, of the First 
Presbyterian Church, and later of the 
Shady Side Presbyterian Church. 

The personal appearance of Air. Rea 
and his winning disposition are still so 
fresh in the recollection of his friends and 
neighbors and his fellow citizens of Pitts- 
burgh that no words are needed to render 
them more vivid. His business abilities 
were balanced by great kindness of heart 
and the strictest integrity. In every re- 
lation of life he was trusted and revered. 

Air. Rea married, October 17, 1854, 
Alatilda Anne, daughter of William C. 
489 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and Anne (Holdship) Robinson, and they 
became the parents of two sons : Wil- 
liam Holdship, whose biography appears 
in another page of this work ; and Henry 
Robinson, of Pittsburgh, who married 
Edith, daughter of the late Henry W. 
Oliver, of that city, and has two children, 
Edith Ann, and Henry Oliver. In his 
wife, Mr. Rea ever found a true and sym- 
pathizing helpmate and was never so con- 
tent as at his own fireside, where he de- 
lighted to gather about him a circle of 
congenial friends. 

On March i6, 1892, this good man 
passed away. He had lived nearly sev- 
enty-two years and of these more than 
fifty has been devoted to labors which, 
in building up his own fortune, had min- 
istered greatly to the substantial prosper- 
ity of his beloved city. All classes of 
the community mourned for him, for by 
all he was held in affection and honor. 

William Rea was one of the stalwart 
business men whose boldness, wisdom 
and foresight helped to guide and control 
the industrial interests of Pittsburgh at 
a period fraught with transition and peril. 
Throughout the tempestuous era of the 
Civil War and the years of stress and 
crisis which followed he stood at his post, 
as brave and faithful as were his ances- 
tors in "the long night of the Revolu- 
tion," and left to his two sons not mater- 
ial wealth alone, but the far richer legacy 
of an unblemished record and an un- 
stained name. 

(The Culbertson Line). 

The Culbertson family, of Culbertson 
Row, Ballygan, County Antrim, Ireland, 
were of ancient Scottish ancestry, their 
forbears having fled from Scotland dur- 
ing the civil and religious disturbances of 
the seventeenth century. In 1730, three 
brothers, Alexander, Joseph and Samuel 
Culbertson, came, from the neighbor- 
hood of Ballymoyney, County Antrim, to 



the province of Pennsylvania, settling in 
Lancaster county. Long prior to the or- 
ganization of Cumberland county they 
settled in what became Lurgan township, 
Franklin county, seven miles north of the 
present site of Chambersburg, calling 
their settlement "Culbertson's Row," 
after the home of their ancestors in the 
province of Ulster, Ireland. 

Alexander Culbertson was a soldier in 
General Braddock's army in the unfor- 
tunate expedition against Fort Duquesne 
in 1755. and after the defeat at Braddock's 
Field he recruited a company among his 
neighbors of which he was commissioned 
captain and which formed a part of Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Armstrong's Second Penn- 
sylvania Regiment, and with this force 
marched against the Indians. He had 
probably held a captain's commission 
previous to this, as he was in command of 
a company at Fort Augusta, now Sun- 
bury, in 1755. He married, and was the 
father of the following children : Samuel, 
mentioned below; Robert, a colonel in the 
Revolutionary army ; Alexander, a cap- 
tain in the same body ; and Elizabeth, 
who became the wife of Lieutenant-Colo- 
nel Charles Cessna, of the Bedford county 
militia. Captain Culbertson was killed in 
a battle with the Indians at McCord's 
Point, Franklin county, April 2, 1756. 
Several of his nephews, as well as his 
sons, served in the patriot army, and it 
is thought that the Culbertson family 
furnished a greater number of officers to 
the Revolutionary forces than any other 
family in Pennsylvania. 

Samuel, son of Alexander Culbertson, 
was born December 21, 1741, within the 
present limits of Franklin county, Penn- 
sylvania, and served with the rank of 
colonel in the Revolutionary army. He 
married (first) March 20. 1761, Margaret 
Henderson, who was born in 174^, and 
died April 30, 1775. Colonel Culbertson 
married (second) February 4, 1777, at 



i49( 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Rocky Springs church, Elizabeth, born in 
1755, daughter of the Hon. John McClay, 
of Lurgan township, member of Congress 
and long a prominent figure in state and 
national politics. Colonel Culbertson 
died February 4, 1817, in what is now 
Franklin county, and his widow survived 
him but a few months, passing away 
June 4, 1S17. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Samuel and 
Elizabeth (McClay) Culbertson, became 
the wife of General John Rea, as stated 
above. 



REA, William Holdship, 

Prominent Manufacturer. 

Among the well known Pittsburgh 
business men who, not so very many 
years ago, were "in active service," is 
William Holdship Rea, treasurer, succes- 
sively for the firm of Robinson, Rea & 
Company, and the Mesta Machine Com- 
pany. Mr. Rea is a native Pittsburgher, 
and his entire career has been exclusively 
identified with the city of his birth. 

William Holdship Rea was born April 
13, 1856, in Pittsburgh, and is a son of 
William and Matilda Anne (Robinson) 
Rea. A biography of Mr. Rea, who is 
now deceased, appears on a preceding 
page of this work. William Holdship 
Rea received his preparatory education in 
schools of his native city, passing thence 
to Andover, Massachusetts, and then en- 
tering the Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology. After completing his course 
of study, Mr. Rea associated himself with 
the firm of Robinson, Rea & Company, 
beginning at the bottom and working his 
way up, thus becoming familiar with 
every department of the business. He 
eventually became treasurer of the com- 
pany. Subsequently, when it was merged 
in the Mesta Machine Company, Mr. Rea 
still retained his office. In 1904 he re- 
signed, taking with him in retirement a 
record and a reputation which secured to 



him a permanent and honorable place in 
the business annals of the city. 

The political allegiance of Mr. Rea is 
given to the Republican party, but he 
has never taken an active share in the 
affairs of the organization, having no in- 
clination for public life. He belongs to 
the Pittsburgh Club, the Pittsburgh Golf 
Club and the Engineers' and Technology 
clubs of New York. He is a member of 
the Shady Side Presbyterian Church. 

Perhaps no one sentence could furnish 
a better description of Mr. Rea than the 
simple statement that he is loyal to every 
obligation, strong and true in his attach- 
ments and gifted with the faculty of in- 
spiring the same feelings in others. In 
appearance, bearing and manner he is the 
typical Pittsburgh business man and 
gentleman. 

Mr. Rea married, November 15, 18S1, 
Mary, daughter of Colonel James H. and 
Mary (Howe) Childs, and they are the 
parents of the following children: James 
Childs ; Marjorie, educated at Pittsburgh 
schools and at Farmington. Connecticut, 
married H. Hughart Laughlin, of Pitts- 
burgh, and has two children, Hughart 
Rea, born October 17, 1909, and James 
Laughlin, born October 30, 1914; and 
Marianne Howe, educated in Pittsburgh 
schools and at Briar Clifl', New York. 
James Childs Rea was born November 
30, 1882, in Pittsburgh, and was educated 
at Shady Side Academy and Princeton 
University. He then entered the service 
of the Oliver Iron and Steel Company ^ 
with which he is still associated. James 
C. Rea married, June 8, 191 1, Julia Par- 
rish, daughter of Cleveland and Grace 
( Parrish) Dodge, of New York, and they 
have three children, William Holdship, 
born February 24, 1912, Cleveland Dodge, 
born June 22, 1913, and Grace Dodge, 
born January 8, 191 5. 

Since his retirement from the manufac- 
tiiring business, Mr. Rea, has devoted 



1491 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



himself to his books, his family and 
friends and to other interests. Mrs. Rea 
is an accomplished home-maker, a charm- 
ing hostess and both she and her husband 
delight in the exercise of hospitality. 

Mr. Rea is the son of a man influential 
in helping to make the family name a 
synonym for business honor, and by his 
own career has aided in maintaining and 
strengthening its claim to be so consid- 
ered. 



HARRISON, Thomas Skelton, 

Manufacturer, Civic Leader, Diplomat. 

It is an impressive fact that the half 
century of the business life of Thomas 
S. Harrison has been spent as member 
of the firm of Harrison Brothers & Com- 
pany, and as vice-president and president 
under its corporate existence, Harrison 
Brothers & Company (Incorporated). 
Likewise impressive is the fact that his 
honored father, Michael Leib Harrison, 
was a partner in the same firm, John 
Harrison & Sons, from 1831 until 1833, 
then a partner of Harrison Brothers until 
1845, then a partner of Harrison Brothers 
& Company until his retirement. January 
I, 1877. But still more impressive is the 
fact that John Harrison, father of Michael 
Leib and grandfather of Thomas Skelton 
Harrison, founded the business in 1793, 
successfully conducted it until 1831, then 
admitted his sons, who in turn passed it on 
to their sons, and at no time has it been 
out of the family name, or without a Har- 
rison at its head, for considerably over a 
century. John Harrison, a manufactur- 
ing and operative chemist, is believed to 
have been the first manufacturer of sul- 
phuric acid in the United States, certain- 
ly was the first to successfully and profit- 
ably engage in its manufacture. It was 
no doubt the establishment of John Har- 
rison referred to by Albert Gallatin, Sec- 
letary of the Treasury, in his report to 
Congress. April 27, 1810, wherein he 



states : "About 200,000 pounds of oil of 
vitrol and other acids are annually manu- 
factured in a single establishment in 
Philadelphia." It is in honor of this pio- 
neer chemist and manufacturer that "The 
John Harrison Laboratory of Chemistry" 
stands at the University of Pennsylvania. 

The sons of the founder Thomas and 
Michael Leib Harrison, successfully con- 
ducted the business from the death of 
their father in 1833 until their joint re- 
tirement, January i, 1877, in favor of 
John and Thomas Skelton, sons of 
Michael L., and George L. (2), son of 
Thomas Harrison. Three generations 
have been potent in the founding, up- 
building, and management of a great 
Philadelphia industry, and with it as firm 
ji.nd corporation Thomas Skelton Harri- 
son has been uninterruptedly connected 
since 1865, although since 1902, when he 
laid down the presidency of the com- 
pany, he has served only in an advisory 
capacity, but now (1915) has again ac- 
cepted a directorship. Were fifty years 
of honorable business activity his only 
claim to special mention, it would be suf- 
ficient to mark him as a man of useful- 
ness, but to this he has added three years 
of Civil War service, a term of honorable 
connection with the diplomatic corps, 
prominent activity among the reformers 
of Philadelphia, and active interest in 
many departments of city and national 
life. Honor and prosperity have attended 
his life, and now past man's allotted 
years he is the same interested, helpful 
citizen as when he answered his city's 
call for men of energy and might to suc- 
cessfully carry through the great exposi- 
tion of 1876, or later for strong men to 
band together in committees of one hun- 
dred, one hundred and fifty, or fifty, to 
oppose those who would make municipal 
government a by-word and a shame. 

Thomas Skelton Harrison was born in 
Philadelphia, September 19, 1837, son of 



1492 






'^'^' 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Michael Leib Harrison and grandson of 
John Harrison. Michael L. Harrison was 
born in 1807, spent his life in Philadel- 
phia, and died in 18S1, a man of strong 
character and prominence in the busmess 
world. His first wife, Virginia Thomas 
Skelton Johnston, bore him two sons, 
John and Thomas Skelton Harrison, and 
two daughters, Fannie, married William 
Dulles, deceased, and Eliza H., married 
William H. Elliot, deceased. 

He was educated in private schools and 
business college, attending for several 
years the John W. Faries Classical Acad- 
emy. He began business life as an em- 
ployee of Harrison and Newhall, sugar 
refiners, his service there terminated by 
his enlistment in the United States Navy 
in 1861. He was in the government ser- 
vice from July of that year to August, 
1864, as paymaster, receiving honorable 
discharge at the end of his three years 
term. Mr. Harrison shares with the 
Count of Paris the distinction of serving 
his term without remuneration, donating 
the entire sum due, $5400, to the War 
Library and the Museum of the Loyal 
Legion of Pennsylvania. In 1865 he was 
admitted to a partnership with his uncle, 
father, three brothers, and a cousin in the 
firm of Harrison Brothers & Company 
and until 1902 was an active, cogent fac- 
tor in its successful career as firm and 
corporation. He was vice-president of 
the corporation, 1897 to 1899, president 
from 1899 to 1902, retiring from official 
participation in company affairs in the 
latter year and remaining in retirement 
several years, but has now (1915) again 
accepted membership on the board of di- 
rectors. The company's plant, located at 
Thirty-fifth street and Gray's Ferry road, 
is devoted to the manufacture of chemi- 
cals, white lead, all paint ingredients, and 
ready-to-use paints, and under the Har- 
rison name, ownership, and management 

1493 



became one of the important industrial 
institutions of Philadelphia. 

Mr. Harrison took a deep interest in 
the Centennial Exposition of 1876, was a 
worker for its success during the years 
of preparation as well as during the Ex- 
position months, served on important 
committees, and aided appreciably in 
many ways. For many years he was 
president of the American Manufacturing 
Chemists' Association, a powerful body 
that represented over thirteen hundred 
plants, capitalized at one hundred and 
fifty million dollars. An energetic and 
progressive man of affairs, in his life as a 
business man he has contributed his full 
quota to Philadelphia's greatness as a 
manufacturing city. 

Mr. Harrison is a Republican in poli- 
tics, and has been prominent in reform 
movements, having been an ardent sup- 
porter of the Bullitt bill, which gave to 
Philadelphia a reform charter and better 
municipal government. He was a mem- 
ber of the Political Reform Committee of 
One Hundred, of the later Committee of 
Fifty, and of the Committee of One Hun- 
dred in 1913, supporting and leading in 
the eft'orts of the reformers to eliminate 
features of municipal government that 
had grown obnoxious. In 1897 he ac- 
cepted the appointment from President 
McKinley and for a term served as Diplo- 
matic Agent and United States Consul 
General at Cairo, Egypt. In all that per- 
tained to Philadelphia's advancement or 
betterment Mr. Harrison has borne his 
full share during his busy life, but with 
the passing years many of these respon- 
sibilities have been transferred to younger 
shoulders. He possesses the same inter- 
est to-day, however, and with counsel and 
admonition encourages and warns. He 
retains his membership in many organi- 
zations, and is a trustee of the Pennsyl- 
vania Museum and School of Industrial 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Art, member of the Historical Society of 
Pennsylvania, the Antiquarian and Nu- 
mismatic societies, being president of the 
latter society. He was commander of 
Post No. i8. Grand Army of the Republic, 
in 1895, and has always felt a cordial 
fellowship in that order and the ^^lilitary 
Order of the Loyal Legion, of which he 
is a past vice-commander. At a regular 
meeting of the Burgesses Corps of Al- 
bany, held July 8, 1914, Mr. Harrison was 
unanimously elected a life member of the 
Corps. This is one of the most famous 
organizations of the country and the old- 
est veteran military command in the 
United States. The life membership is 
restricted to forty, and Mr. Harrison's 
election was to fill the vacancv caused 
by the death of James S. Sherman, late 
Vice-President of the United States. 
Among the list of eminent men who have 
held life membership are the names of 
America's greatest statesmen, soldiers, 
and business men. Among distinguished 
foreigners who have been honored with 
life membership are George V. of Eng- 
land, the late Edward VII. of England, 
Count de Rochambeau, Porfirio Diaz, and 
Sir Thomas Lipton. For his valuable dip- 
lomatic service he was twice decorated 
by the Khedive of Egypt, the last honor 
being the Grand Cordon. Imperial Order 
of the Medjidia. His clubs are the Union 
League, the Philadelphia, and Rabbit, of 
Philadelphia, the Chemists' and Army 
and Navy of New York. He is a member 
of the St. Luke's Protestant Episcopal 
Church. 

Mr. Harrison married, November 12, 
1879, Louise Harvey, of Philadelphia. 
The family residence is No. 1520 Locust 
street. This brief record of a busv, use- 
ful life reveals Mr. Harrison as a man of 
strong character and high ideals. He 
has not sought his own aggrandizement, 
but honors have been plentifully bestow- 



ed upon him and his life from youthful 
manhood until the present is a record of 
deeds well performed. 



TRAUTMAN, Leander, 

Iiawyer. Counsel for Corporations. 

It is one of the peculiar distinctions of 
the Pittsburgh bar that a majority of its 
members are not only learned in the law, 
but also possessed of broad general cul- 
ture. One of the most striking proofs of 
the truth of this statement is furnished 
by the personality and career of Leander 
Trautman, one of the most prominent 
lawyers now practicing in the metropolis 
of which he has been an almost life-long 
resident. 

Louis Trautman, father of Leander 
Trautman, was born at Monpelier, 
France, of German parents, and was a 
minister of the Lutheran church, having 
a pastorate at Canton, Ohio. He married 
Katherine, daughter of Solomon and 
Catherine (Keil) Wismer, and grand- 
daughter of Jacob \\'ismer. Solomon 
Wismer was born in Bucks county, Penn- 
sylvania, and all his life was engaged in 
agricultural pursuits. He was fifty-four 
years old when he died, his widow sur- 
viving to the age of eighty-two. The 
Rev. Mr. Trautman and his wife were the 
parents of three children, of whom the 
eldest died in infancy and the others were 
twins : Leander, mentioned below ; and 
.Alexander L., who is now living in the 
Isle of Pines, and married Emma May 
Reep, by whom he had three children : 
Louis L., ]Marion G.. and Ralph E. The 
Rev. Louis Trautman died March 22, 
1865, at Canton, Ohio, and in 1869 his 
widow, with her children, moved to Pitts- 
burgh. In that city, in February, 1871, 
she married Josiah Benjamin Nobbs. 

Leander Trautman, son of Louis and 
Katherine (Wismer) Trautman, was 
born February 17, 1865, at Canton, Ohio, 

494 




£■ ^ ^SS-t'/X^-, 




^/^-t;i.^-€;/i^f^^-6.ist^^<_^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and was but six weeks old at the time 
of the death of his father. He was four 
years old when his mother moved to 
PittSDurgh. and his education was re- 
ceived in the O'Hara school and the Pitts- 
burgh high school. On leaving the latter 
institution he was obliged to seek em- 
ployment in Park Brothers' mill, but after 
earning sufficient money he took up the 
study of stenography. He never entered 
college, but took a complete classical 
university course under private tutors 
who were the best professors in Alle- 
gheny county. As a stenographer Mr. 
Trautman has achieved a reputation, 
having always kept up his speed, and 
therefore ranks as one of the oldest sten- 
ographers in Allegheny county. He is 
said to have reported as many conven- 
tions and speeches of famous men of 
Pittsburgh, during the last twenty-five 
years, as any one man in the vicinity, 
having also reported in every court of the 
county as well as in the United States 
courts. While practising stenography in 
the courts, Mr. Trautman read law under 
Judge Jacob F. Slagle, and early in 1893 
was admitted to the bar. It is a note- 
worthy fact that he has ever since oc- 
cupied the office in Diamond street in 
which he pursued his legal studies, re- 
ceiving clients and holding conferences 
in the rooms in which he had been fitted 
for the practice of his profession. The 
success of Mr. Trautman's career at the 
bar is primarily due to a solid foundation 
of natural aptitude on which has been 
reared a structure of profound and com- 
prehensive learning and rare skill in the 
application of principles. These, com- 
bined with intense and unswerving de- 
votion to the interests intrusted to him 
have won for him the implicit confidence 
of the legal fraternity and the community 
at large and have placed him in posses- 
sion of a numerous and profitable clien- 
tele. 



In politics Mr. Trautman adheres to 
the Republicans, but is as far as possible 
removed from partisanship. He has 
voted with and supported the Democrats 
and Citizens whenever he thought that 
by doing so he could best further the 
welfare of the community. He has made 
numerous political speeches throughout 
the county, but has always steadily re- 
fused to become a candidate for any of- 
fice. He is a stockholder and director 
in various Pittsburgh corporations of 
which he is attorney. His clubs are the 
Press and the Americus Republican, and 
he affiliates with the Masonic fraternity 
and the Knights Templar. He is a regu- 
lar attendant of the Unitarian Church. 

Endowed in an exceptional measure 
with the legal mind, quickness of appre- 
hension and keenness of penetration — 
qualities essential to success in the pro- 
fession of the law — Mr. Trautman also 
has the keen vision, the liberality of sen- 
timent and the geniality of disposition 
which win and hold friends. On his coun- 
tenance are inscribed the traits so strik- 
ingly manifested throughout his career 
and his bearing and manner are those of 
the astute lawyer and the polished gentle- 
man. 

Mr. Trautman married, April 16. i8g6, 
Minnie, daughter of George and Mary 
Abele, of Lebanon, Pennsylvania, and 
they are the parents of three children : 
Mary Katherine, Anna Louise, and Flor- 
ence Wilhelmina. This union with a 
charming and congenial woman has made 
for Mr. Trautman — a man thoroughly 
domestic and devoted to the ties of home 
and family — the supreme happiness of his 
life. With the members of his household 
and in the company of his books he passes 
his happiest hours. He is the possessor 
of one of the finest libraries in Pittsburgh, 
including works on history, science, con- 
stitutional law, constitutional history and 



1495 



ENXYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



general literature. In the study of his- 
tory and science he takes special interest. 
The German element has always been 
a potent one in the life of Pittsburgh. 
Natives of the Fatherland and their chil- 
dren and grandchildren have rendered 
service of inestimable value in the devel- 
opment and upbuilding of the city. Le- 
ander Trautman is a conspicuous repre- 
sentative of the best class of her residents 
of German descent, embodying as he does 
professional ability and learning and 
high-minded, public-spirited citizenship. 



WHITE, Stephen William, 

Prominent Railroad Official. 

The task facing the biographer of Ste- 
phen William White is to translate into 
vvords the achievement and activity of a 
man of exceptionally strong personality 
and character in fields that range from 
railroading to literary patronage, while 
between the two extremes are business 
connections, scientific interests, historical 
and antiquarian pursuits, social promi- 
nence, and all of the many associations 
incidental to a man's communion with his 
fellows. Until his retirement in 1910, 
Mr. White was engaged in railroading, a 
line he had entered thirty-five years be- 
fore, and during which time he had been 
continuously identified with this calling 
in official capacity, in August, 1910, re- 
tiring from the secretaryship of the El- 
mira & Lake Ontario Railroad Company, 
and the assistant secretaryship of the 
Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Chicago & St. 
Louis railroad. He was identified with 
business and financial concerns during 
this time, among the latter being the 
American Surety Company of New York, 
which he served as a member of the Phil- 
adelphia board of directors, and it was 
an effective tribute to his ability and 
trustworthiness that throughout his long 
experience in railroading, in connection 
with different lines, he was, without ex- 



ceptional instance, placed by his fellows 
in the difficult and responsible oflice of 
secretary. As an official, his friendly na- 
ture and kindly spirit endeared him to 
the employees of the road, and he received 
frequent requests to address gatherings 
of the different organizations of the rail- 
road, with many of which he complied. 
He was an easy, interesting and enter- 
taining speaker, a graceful and accom- 
plished writer, broad scholarship and cul- 
ture furnishing him a firm foundation 
upon which to base his natural talents. 
He is remembered for his deep interest 
in subjects literary, historical, and scien- 
tific, and found in these scholarly pur- 
suits the degree of recreation that he re- 
quired as relaxation from his pressing 
business cares. He was a member of the 
Union League, and had many firm friends 
among his fellow members. Stephen Wil- 
liam White passed a useful, active life, 
erected a reputation for the strictest 
honor in all relations with men, and de- 
voted himself to those subjects worthy 
of the time and study of a Christian 
gentleman. 

Stephen William White was born in 
Philadelphia, July 16, 1840, and died there 
October 16, 1914. He was a graduate of 
Central High School of Philadelphia, and 
began his thirty-five years' connection 
with railroading interests in 1875 as as- 
sistant secretary of the Northern Central 
railroad, two years afterward being 
elected secretary of the same road. In 
1S80 he became secretary of the Shamok- 
in Valley & Pottsville railroad, in the 
following year becoming assistant sec- 
retary of the Pennsylvania Company and 
of the Pittsburgh, Cincinnati & St. Louis 
railroad. At this time, in 1881. he ac- 
cepted the office of secretary of the Girard 
Point Storage Company, serving in this 
capacity in connection with his railroad 
offices until 1902. Mr. White became 
secretary of the Chicago, St. Louis & 



1496 







/ Y ^^rdX^^-r^^f^^L^c^ 



EXXYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Pittsburgh railroad in September, 1885, 
and on September 9, 1890, after this road 
consoHdated with the Pittsburgh, Cin- 
cinnati & St. Louis under the corporate 
title of the Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Chica- 
go & St. Louis Railroad Company, he 
was elected assistant secretary of the 
newly formed company. On January i, 
1887, he accepted the secretaryship of the 
Elmira & Lake Ontario railroad, a New 
York corporation owned by the Northern 
Central, and filled both of these positions 
faithfully and ably until August 10, 1914, 
when, having reached the age of seventy 
years, he was honorably retired under the 
company's law. 

At his death Air. White was a member 
of the Philadelphia board of directors of 
the American Surety Company of New 
York, and was one of the resident vice- 
presidents of that company. His clubs, 
where his arrival always met with a cor- 
dially enthusiastic reception, were the 
Union League and Penn, and he mani- 
fested his interest in historical matters 
by his membership in the New England 
Society of Pennsylvania, the German 
American Historical Society, and the 
Historical Society of Pennsylvania. He 
was an active member of the Pennsyl- 
vania Forestry Association, and belonged 
to the Browning Society of Philadelphia, 
participating in the interesting discus- 
sions that arose in the regular meetings 
of the society concerning the work of the 
great poet. He was the author of several 
interesting papers, including "The Execu- 
tive Department, or Some Recollections 
about the Chief Executives under Whom 
I Have Ser\'ed," read at the eleventh an- 
nual dinner of the Inspectors Association 
of the Accounting Department of the 
Pennsylvania Railroad, held February 12, 
1910, and "Corporations," read at the 
Twelfth Annual Dinner of the same as- 
sociation. There also came from his pen 
a "Historical Sketch of '^t. Jude's Yearly 



Beneficial x\ssociation of Philadelphia," 
Air. White having been a charter member 
and long time treasurer of this associa- 
tion, the above paper being read at the 
twenty-fifth anniversary celebration of 
the association; "Looking Backward," a 
reminiscent sketch read by Mr. White on 
Alumni Day at Central High School, 
April 26, 1907 ; "The Aesthetic and the 
Practical," read before the Central High 
School students. May i, 1908; and "A 
Short Talk on Phonography," a paper 
based on personal experience, the gist of 
the paper contained in an address he de- 
livered before the phonography class of 
the Pennsylvania Railroad department of 
the Young Men's Christian Association, 
December 14, 1897. Mr. White also trans- 
lated the reports of the Pennsylvania 
Railroad into French, a language of 
which he was accurate master. 

Mr. White's death brought sincere 
sorrow to his many friends, who delighted 
in his pleasant and genial company, and 
with respect and loyalty that had never 
been withdrawn nor had ever faltered 
through the years of their acquaintance 
they committed his memory to that place 
in human hearts where lingers always the 
influence of all good. 

Stephen William White married, Oc- 
tober 2, 1900, Mrs. Anna Lednum Bardin, 
daughter of Rev. John and Muriah Jor- 
dan Lednum, who survives him, residing 
at 1323 South Broad street. Philadelphia. 



ROBINSON, William Duffield, M. D., 

Physician, Climatologist. 

There are probably not many men in 
the city of Philadelphia who have been 
recipients of more honors or who are 
officers or directors of a greater number 
of prominent medical societies than Dr. 
William Dufifield Robinson, of 2012 Mt. 
Vernon street. It is also noteworthy that 
these offices and honors were not tend- 
ered to Dr. Robinson as a mere courtesy, 



1497 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



but to the contrary they are the fruits of 
many years well spent in applying his 
well-applied efforts in conserving and ad- 
vancing the integral interests of his pro- 
fession through the medium of the promi- 
nent societies with which he is connected 
and which, through their eminent re- 
search work have done much toward ad- 
vancing the medical profession and like- 
wise the amelioration of suffering hu- 
manity. 

Dr. Robinson was born March 25, 1S56, 
and is the son of John and Alary Ellen 
(Duffield) Robinson. He attended the 
public and private schools of his native 
place and was graduated from the Phil- 
adelphia College of Pharmacy in 1876, 
then entered the University of Penn- 
sylvania and was graduated with the 
class of 1880 with the degree of M. D. 
He began general practice in 1880, and 
for the following eleven years was attend- 
ant physician in the University of Penn- 
sylvania, and has always been partic- 
ularly interested in the study of mental 
diseases, becoming a competent special- 
ist in this line. He has prepared and 
read many valuable papers before the 
American Climatological Association and 
numerous local medical societies, and 
has been the recipient of many honors 
from prominent medical societies. Among 
the many organizations of which Dr. 
Robinson is a member, the following are 
probably the most important : President 
of the Philadelphia County Medical So- 
ciety, which has had a phenomenal 
growth and success during its compara- 
tive short career and due to a great ex- 
tent to Dr. Robinson's untiring efiforts in 
behalf of the organization it has risen in 
membership to over seventeen hundred. 
]3r. Robinson is also president of the Sy- 
denham Medical Coterie, president of the 
Medico-Legal Society, first vice-presi- 
dent of the Pennsylvania Society for the 
Prevention of Tuberculosis, member of 



the American Medical Association, of the 
Pennsylvania State Association, a fellow 
of the College of Physicians, member of 
the Philadelphia Pathological Society, 
Philadelphia Neurological Society, Psy- 
chiatric Society of Philadelphia, Philadel- 
phia Pediatric Society, Philadelphia Clin- 
ical Society, Academy of Natural 
Sciences, Northern Medical Society of 
Philadelphia, the Esculapian Medical So- 
ciety, Historical Society of Philadelphia, 
Photographic Society, American Clima- 
tological Society, and Physicians Motor 
Club of Philadelphia. 

Dr. Robinson has a well equipped 
library including thousands of dollars 
worth of choice books. He enjoys a large 
and important patronage reaching beyond 
the confines of his own city and state. In 
professional and social life he holds to 
high standards, and enjoys in large meas- 
ure the confidence and trust of all with 
whom he is brought in contact. 

He married, in 1883, Miss Elizabeth T. 
William, daughter of Robert and ^Mariah 
T. \\'illiam. Dr. and Mrs. Robinson have 
traveled extensively in America and 
abroad. They are members of the Pres- 
byterian Church, Eighteenth and Arch 
streets, Philadelphia. 



BLANKENBURG, Rudolph, 

Former Reform Mayor of Philadelpliia. 

If, as a writer of national repute has 
stated, Philadeli)hia is politically "cor- 
rupt and contented," the blame for the 
fact cannot in any degree be laid at the 
door of Rudolph Blankenburg, for neither 
corruption nor contentment, as applied to 
existing conditions, are to be found in 
his vocabulary. From the date of becom- 
ing a citizen of the United States and of 
Philadelphia, he has served in the ranks 
of those opposed to machine rule ; has 
commanded companies, regiments, and 
divisions; and when, in 1911, the grand 



1498 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



assault of the allied reform army was 
made upon the strongly intrenched forces 
of municipal mis-rule, it was under the 
command of Rudolph Blankenburg as 
candidate for mayor of the city. 

Nor can it be laid at his door that his 
four years of service as mayor have not 
brought the political millennium, for with 
a wily foe firmly seated in councils and 
office, Philadelphia reformers left their 
chief without the power to press victory 
home. This apathy, reactionary in its 
results, is not to be wondered at when it 
is considered that Philadelphia has not 
changed her political thought during the 
present generation, and knew little of the 
long, hard fight necessary to rid a city 
of its political pests. But even the most 
pessimistic view of the results attained 
is abundantly satisfactory, and Philadel- 
phia may rejoice that so much has been 
accomplished for civic uplift. Mayor 
Blankenburg has fought a good fight, has 
kept the faith, and to-day is one of the 
strong men not only of his city and state 
but of the nation. Despite his years, 
seventy-two, he is a strong, vigorous 
man, physically as well as intellectually, 
and on his recent appearance at Conven- 
tion Hall, in the presence of the President 
of the United States, city, state, and na- 
tional dignitaries, rose to a height of im- 
passioned eloquence and patriotism un- 
surpassed by any speaker of the occas- 
ion. Truly, if the figure will again be 
allowed, he is Philadelphia's "grand old 
man," and in spite of his lifelong oppo- 
sition to their political methods holds the 
personal esteem of his strongest foes. 
There is nothing to conceal in the life of 
Rudolph Blankenburg; it has been lived 
in the open. His blows have never been 
delivered in the dark, but in the white 
light of publicity. Patriotism is his pas- 
sion, civic righteousness his slogan, and 
no deed of his has ever borne the taint 
of political selfishness or chicanery. 



When finally Philadelphia stands forth 
free and takes her proper place among 
the enlightened municipalities of the 
country, there will be erected to him in 
men's hearts, if not in marble and bronze, 
a monument of such vast proportions that 
it will serve as a beacon light to well 
doers. And until that day comes his 
example, his words, and his deeds, shall 
be the influence that will nerve men to 
carry on the work to which his life has 
been devoted. 

His contributions to magazines and 
newspapers have been legion, their value 
unquestioned. His "Forty Years in the 
Wilderness, or Masters and Rulers of 
Pennsylvania," a series of eight articles 
published in the "Arena," is a faithful 
history of the "Organization" from Cam- 
eron, the elder, to 1905, and reveals in all 
its hideousness the fall of a great State 
into the hands of "banded spoilsmen," 
and narrates the efforts of the reformers 
to bring about its redemption. In 1891 
and 1892, while serving as one of the 
commissioners sent to distribute the gifts 
collected by the Russian Famine Relief 
Committee of Philadelphia, he wrote a 
series of most interesting letters from 
Russia that appeared in the "Ledger," 
"Times," and "Inquirer." His activity 
has extended to many fields, and in addi- 
tion to having built up and conducted a 
successful business he has always aided 
in those worthy enterprises by which the 
liberality and philanthropy of a great 
city is measured. 

Rudolph Blankenburg was born in 
Lippe, Detmold, Germany, February 16. 
1843, son of Ludwig and Sophie (Goede) 
Blankenburg. He was educated under 
private tutors and at Real Gymnasium, 
his education being planned with a view 
to entering the ministry, for his father 
was a minister of the German Reformed 
Church. But when his tutor came to the 
United States in 1865, the young man 



1499 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



followed him, locating in Philadelphia. 
He obtained a situation with a manufac- 
turer and importer of dress goods, ex- 
changing his brawn and muscle for the 
sum of six dollars weekly. In little over 
a year he was made traveling salesman, 
and so rapidly did he advance that within 
five years he became European buyer for 
his house, traveling over a goodly portion 
of the world in that capacity. In 1870 he 
became a naturalized citizen, and five 
years later began business on his own 
account as R. Blankenburg & Company. 
His business career was a successful, 
prosperous one, and in 1909, after incor- 
porating as R. Blankenburg & Company, 
he retired from active management, but 
retained a directorship. His business 
qualifications were of the highest type, 
while his broad shoulders easily carried, 
with the aid of a genial, sunny disposi- 
tion, the burdens of his large business. 

Becoming a citizen in 1870, he first ap- 
peared actively in public affairs in 1877, 
and soon became known as the implacable 
foe of the "organization," which even 
then had its grip firmly established on the 
city. He was the associate of the well 
known reformers who first lifted the ban- 
ner of revolt, and side by side with them 
met constant defeat for many years. In 
1905 he was the successful candidate for 
county commissioner, being carried into 
office by a majority of fifty thousand. He 
served three years in that office, and 
proved the unselfishness of his motives 
by donating his entire salary of fifteen 
thousand dollars to the police, firemen's 
and teachers' pension funds. In 191 1 he 
was elected mayor of Philadelphia, an 
office from which he will retire January 
3, 1916, having accomplished many re- 
forms and having inaugurated a new era 
in municipal government. Ever a Repub- 
lican in national aflfairs, his political bat- 
tles have been fought mostly within his 
own party against the leaders of that 



party, and for the right of the people to 
rule. He has stood in the open and has 
fought bribery, graft, election frauds and 
every form of political dishonesty. From 
the year 1880 until 1895 he was chairman 
of the election frauds committee of the 
committee of one hundred, the parent 
body of all Philadelphia reform commit- 
tees. He was actively engaged in the 
fight against Quay in 1897-98, and sup- 
ported John Wanamaker for both Gov- 
ernor and United States Senator. He 
has opposed every State or city "boss," 
has never wavered in his opposition to 
corrupt "ring rule" during his forty-five 
years of citizenship, nor has he ever lost 
hope of ultimate success in overcoming 
the "powers that prey." Did the cause 
need funds for legitimate campaign ex- 
penses? Often he supplied the need. Did 
the cause need a worker, a speaker, a 
private? He was the ready volunteer. 
Was a standard bearer sought? He was 
as ready to head a ticket as though suc- 
cess was assured. For forty years he has 
been on the firing line with courage un- 
faltering, hopefulness unbounded, good 
nature unfailing, and enthusiasm and sin- 
cerity so contagious that a city was at 
last awakened. A reformer with charity 
for his foes is rare, but Mayor Blanken- 
burg is big all over, — big in stature, big 
in heart, and big in his devotion to the 
cause of humanity, with none of the petty 
resentments so often engendered by op- 
position and defeat He is not a one- 
sided man nor a man of a single idea, but 
has been identified with great charitable 
movements for the city of his adoption 
and for the stricken of every land. In 
1905 he wrote in the "Arena" concerning 
then existing conditions words that hold 
good to-day: "One of the crying evils of 
the hour is the lamentable indifference of 
the average citizen to his public duties 
and the easy going spirit with which he 
permits his municipal or state servant to 
^00 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



become his master and ruler, and as a 
natural result often the unchecked bene- 
ficiary of public funds without first passing 
the customary appropriation bills." Phil- 
adelphia still suffers from this "lament- 
able indifterence," but the spirit is work- 
ing that will yet leaven the entire body 
politic. Better conditions prevail, a spirit 
of civic righteousness has been awakened, 
and Philadelphia has gained immeasur- 
ably in civic spirit and practical improve- 
ment through the patriotic unselfish de- 
votion of her adopted son, Rudolph 
Blankenburg. 

Mr. Blankenburg is a world-wide trav- 
eler, and is well known in the great cities 
of the United States as an eloquent, force- 
ful, and interesting platform orator. He 
has always supported the Republican 
party in national elections and has given 
valuable service in many states as a 
speaker on political reform topics. This, 
in connection with his extensive maga- 
zine and newspaper contributions on 
political, social, and religious topics has 
made him national in his prominence, ac- 
quaintance, and friendships. He is a wel- 
come, honored guest at any gathering, 
and nothing has so displayed his versa- 
tility as the hundreds of speeches he has 
made welcoming bodies of men and 
women gathered in convention in Phila- 
delphia, representing every creed, society, 
or movement that claims public attention. 
The most notable gathering perhaps ever 
held in any city was the recent reception 
to four thousand newly naturalized citi- 
zens held in Convention Hall, a gathering 
honored by the presence of the President 
of the United States, with members of his 
Cabinet. Mayor Blankenburg presided 
with a dignity and feeling most im- 
pressive, and delivered an address filled 
with loftiest sentiments. He is a member 
of many organizations, including the 
American Academy of Political and 
Social Science, the Historical Societv of 



Pennsylvania, the Union League, the 
New Century, Five O'Clock, Contempo- 
rary, and City clubs. In 19 14 Lafayette 
College conferred upon him the honorary 
degree of Doctor of Laws. On June 23, 
1915, the degree of Doctor of Laws was 
conferred on Mayor Blankenburg at 
Dartmouth College. The following is the 
language in which he was presented for 
this degree to the president of the college, 
and in which the president conferred the 
degree : 

Mr. President: — For tlie same honorary degree 
of Doctor of Laws, I present an fionored man of 
business, an active and intelligent citizen, a pro- 
moter of chiaritable and philantfiropic move- 
ments, a champion in public speech and pub- 
lished writings of civic righteousness, and a 
reformer without cant, who has been repeatedly 
chosen by his fellow-citizens to positions of im- 
portant trust, and is now reform Mayor of Phil- 
adelphia — Rudolph Blankenburg. 

To which the president responded: 

Rudolph Blankenburg, notable lover of men 
and children, sweetener of the sour places in 
public life with genial sympathy and humor; 
stalwart, loyal, self-sacrificing citizen; fearless 
and upright public servant; ardent patriot; an 
honor to the land of your adoption, outstanding 
in these trying days as a high example, not to 
your compatriots alone, but to all foreign and 
native born Americans: — I admit you to the 
degree of Doctor of Laws, etc., etc. 

He married, April 18, 1867, Lucretia M. 
Longshore, born in New Lisbon, Ohio, 
daughter of T. Ellwood and Hannah E. 
(Myers) Longshore, her mother a grad- 
uate of the Women's Medical College of 
Philadelphia, class of 1851, and one of 
the pioneer woman physicians of Phila- 
delphia. Lucretia Longshore was edu- 
cated in Friends Central School, and is 
one of the leading club women of the city. 
She was president of the Pennsylvania 
State Suffrage Association, 1892-1908, 
first vice-president of the General Federa- 
tion of Women's Clubs, 1912-1914, mem- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ber of the New Century Club, Working 
Women's Guild, the Civic Club, and other 
organizations of note. 



DYER, Charles Dickey, 

Man of Iiarge Affairs. 

Prominent among the men who, during 
the last fifteen years, have been largely 
instrumental in the development of Pitts- 
burgh's mighty steel industry is Charles 
Dickey Dyer, vice-president and a direc- 
tor of the Shenango Furnace Company, 
and officially identified with other leading 
kindred organizations. Mr. Dyer also 
enters actively into the political life of his 
community, being as thoroughly in earn- 
est in the fulfillment of the duties of citi- 
zenship as in the discharge of his obliga- 
tions as a business man. 

The great-grandfather of Charles 
Dickey Dyer, was of Belfast, Ireland. 
John Dyer was born in Belfast, Ireland, 
and in 1833 emigrated to the United 
States, settling in Allegheny, Pennsyl- 
vania, and there passing the remainder of 
his life. He became one of the prominent 
men of the community, and the fact that 
he was known as "Squire Dyer" indicates 
that he held the office of justice of the 
peace. He was also, in the early '50s or 
'60s, an alderman of Allegheny. As super- 
intendent of the Anchor Cotton Mills he 
is numbered among the pioneer manu- 
facturers of the county. Mr. Dyer mar- 
ried Anna MacMoran, of Belfast, Ireland, 
and his death occurred in 1866. John 
Dyer had three sons — William, a mer- 
chant of Pittsburgh, who died in the early 
'60s ; John, a contractor of Pittsburgh, 
who served in the Civil War and died in 
1900, and Samuel, the father of the sub- 
ject of this article. 

Samuel, son of John and Anna (Mac- 
Moran) Dyer, was born in January. 1825, 
in Ireland, and was about eight years old 
when brought by his parents to the 
Ignited States. He was educated in local 



schools and became a merchant in Alle- 
gheny, conducting business under the 
tirm name of Samuel Dyer. He was a 
Republican, and an elder of the United 
Presbyterian church. Mr. Dyer married 
Elizabeth, born at Camden. New York. 
May 10. 1829, daughter of David and 
Mary ( Biggerstaft") Brodie. then of Steu- 
benville. Ohio, and their children were : 
James M.. of Pittsburgh, retired; Joseph 
B.. also of Pittsburgh, and retired ; Isabel, 
wife of A. L. Large, a Pittsburgh lawyer; 
Annie B.. deceased; Charles Dickey, men- 
tioned below ; John J., with the Pennsyl- 
vania Company, Pittsburgh ; William 
H. ; Samuel, who died in infancy ; Eliza- 
beth, wife of H. C. McKee. of the Hukill- 
Hunter Company. Pittsburgh ; Jane, 
wife of Thomas H. Bradley, of Pitts- 
burgh ; and Thomas M.. of Bultalo. New 
York, general sales agent of the Alpha 
Portland Cement Company. William H. 
Dyer, the seventh child of this family, 
was born May i, 1864, and received his 
education in the public schools, afterward 
entering the toy business, in which he is 
still engaged. He married. June 6, 1893, 
Mary Emma, daughter of William and 
Esther (Craig) Boston, of Moon town- 
ship, Allegheny county, Pennsylvania, 
and they have one son. William Boston, 
born May 16, 1902. Samuel Dyer, the 
father of the family, was actively engaged 
in business until his death, which occur- 
red May 29. 1892. His wife passed away 
December 25. 1904. 

Charles Dickey Dyer, son of Samuel 
and Elizabeth (Brodie) Dyer, was born 
August 24. 1859, in Allegheny City, now 
North Side. Pittsburgh, and received his 
education in the schools of his birthplace 
and in those of Pittsburgh, graduating at 
Willard's Academy of the latter city. In 
1880 he entered the service of the Penn- 
sylvania Lines West of Pittsburgh, in 
June. 1882. was promoted to the position 
of chief clerk, and during the ensuing ten 



1502 




^-^[^S^i^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



years built up a reputation second to none 
in the organization. In July, 1892, he was 
made freight agent at Allegheny, Penn- 
sylvania. In November, 1902, Mr. Dyer 
entered upon the phase of his career 
which is known to the iron and steel 
world. He was then appointed traffic 
manager of the W. P. Snyder interests, 
including the Clairton Steel Company, 
and in January, 1904. he was made gen- 
eral freight agent of the Crucible Steel 
Company, in connection with the duties 
of the former position. He was also ap- 
pointed manager for the receivers of the 
Clairton Steel Company until its absorp- 
tion by the United States Steel Corpora- 
tion. Thus, within a brief period, Mr. 
Dyer became intimately identified with 
the industry which constitutes the most 
important factor in the greatness of Pitts- 
burgh, but still further advancement was 
to be his. In January, 1905, he was ap- 
pointed assistant to the president of the 
Shenango Furnace Company, and in 1906, 
upon the absorption of the Oliver inter- 
ests by this concern, he succeeded the 
late James B. Oliver as vice-president and 
director. Since that time Mr. Dyer has 
been continuously associated with the 
Snyder interests. A biography and por- 
trait of W. P. Snyder appear elsewhere 
in this work. The Shenango Furnace 
Company is one of the large and influ- 
ential organizations of the iron and steel 
world and in its upbuilding and mainte- 
nance the calm, determined will and clear- 
sighted sagacity of the present vice-presi- 
dent have been largely instrumental. Mr. 
Dyer is also vice-president and director 
of the Shenango Steamship and Trans- 
portation Company, secretary and direc- 
tor of the Shenango Steamship Company 
and a director of the Lake Carriers' Asso- 
ciation of Cleveland, Ohio, the Lake Erie 
Limestone Company. He belongs to the 
advisory committee of the Lake Protec- 
tive Association of Cleveland. 

PA-4 



An earnest interest in public affairs and 
especially in all that makes for the better- 
ment of conditions in his community, has 
ever been one of Mr. Dyer's salient char- 
acteristics. He is an Independent Repub- 
lican, and for twelve years has served as 
burgess and councilman of Ben Avon, the 
beautiful suburb of Pittsburgh in which 
he resides. He belongs to the Duquesne 
Club of Pittsburgh and Union Club of 
Cleveland and the Kitchigammi Club of 
Duluth. His family attends the Presby- 
terian church. 

Aggressive in all that he undertakes, 
and possessed of inexhaustible energy, 
Mr. Dyer is most emphatically a man of 
calm, dispassionate judgment, always 
cool, collected and courteous. No situa- 
tion, however unexpected or critical, with 
which he has yet been confronted, has had 
power to disturb his mental equilibrium 
or to render him inconsiderate of the 
rights and feelings of others. His coun- 
tenance bears the stamp of these essential 
qualities of his nature and the keenness 
of his glance is blended with a kindliness 
which explains the well known fact that 
no man makes friends more easily or 
holds them longer. 

In the achievement of his success Mr. 
Dyer has had the invaluable assistance 
and cooperation of a sympathetic and de- 
voted wife who became his life com- 
panion early in his career. On November 
2, 1882, he married Belle, daughter of 
Samuel B. and Mary (Gamble) Smith, of 
Allegheny, Pennsylvania. Mr. Smith, 
who died March r8, 1906, was a business ' 
man of that city and a large holder of real 
estate. Mr. and Mrs. Dyer are the par- 
ents of the following children : Mary, 
born July 11, 1883, wife of Joseph A. 
Robb, assistant district attorney of Pitts- 
burgh ; Charles Dickey, born September 
13, 1885, engineer of the Semit-Solway 
Company, Chicago; Jay L., born April 
19, 1888, an agriculturist of Sewickley 

1503 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Heights township, Allegheny county ; 
and Stewart, born October 7, 1890, con- 
nected with the coal and coke department 
of the Shenango Furnace Company. Mrs. 
Dyer is active in church and charitable 
circles and belongs to the Presbyterian 
Church Club. The home over which she 
presides is for her husband an unfailing 
refuge from the cares of business and 
constitutes a centre of attraction for their 
many friends. 

In no vv^ay does Pittsburgh so com- 
pletely dominate the industrial world as 
in her steel manufacture. Her proudest 
title is that of the Steel City and it is 
secured to her in perpetuity because it 
has been gained for her by men the bril- 
liancy of whose achievements is equalled 
by their solidity and their power of en- 
durance and who have made honor the 
cornerstone of their city's greatness. 
These men — little given to talking, but 
intensely devoted to doing — are the true 
Pittsburghers, and among the most 
typical of that noble class is Charles 
Dickey Dyer. 



LYON, John Glamis, 

Prominent Investment Broker. 

Among the leading representatives of 
the investment brokerage interests of 
Pittsburgh is John Glamis Lyon, head of 
the notable firm of Lyon, Singer & Com- 
pany. As a citizen, Mr. Lyon stands in 
the front rank, being as loyal to public 
obligations as to business interests. 

John Glamis Lyon was born July 20, 
1855, in Pittsburgh, and is a son of 
James Benjamin and Anna Margaret 
(Lyon) Lyon. John Glamis Lyon received 
his preparatory education in schools of 
East Liberty and \^'est Philadelphia, and 
then entered the University of Pittsburgh, 
subsequently matriculating at Princeton 
University and graduating with the class 
of 1876. Having chosen to devote him- 

I 



self to a business career, Mr. Lyon then 
associated himself with the firm of which 
his father was head, and ere long made a 
reputation for himself as connected with 
the glass industry. In 1891, when his 
father sold out to the United States Glass 
Company, Mr. Lyon went to New York 
and for twelve years thereafter was en- 
gaged in business in that city. At the 
end of that time he returned to Pitts- 
burgh and directed his attention to the 
investment business, organizing the firm 
of Barr, Lyon & Company, which was 
dissolved in 1913, being replaced by that 
of Lyon, Singer & Company, which has 
remained unchanged to the present time. 
They have a large clientele, and the flour- 
ishing condition of the business is due in 
no small measure to the sound judgment 
and capable management of the head of 
the firm. Mr. Lyon inherits the executive 
and administrative ability which has 
always been characteristic of his family 
and which he has manifested in each one 
of his business connections. 

Politically Mr. Lyon is an Independent 
Republican, and no Pittsburgher more 
readily lends his countenance and aid to 
any movement which he deems calculated 
to promote the progress and welfare of 
his native city. He belongs to the Du- 
quesne Club and is a member and trustee 
of the East Liberty Presbyterian Church. 

Intensely alert to opportunity and de- 
cisively prompt in seizing it, Mr. Lyon is 
withal calm, self-poised and deliberate, 
always having regard to future possibil- 
ities, which he is quick to discern, and 
taking an all-round view of every project 
presented for his consideration. More- 
over, he is warm-hearted and genial and 
may be truly described as a man of many 
friends. In appearance and manner he is 
a true type of the high-class Pittsburgh 
business man. 

Mr. Lyon married, November 22, 1882, 
Adelina Carr Langworthy, whose ances- 

504 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tral record is appended to this biography, 
and they are the parents of three sons: i. 
James B., born October 3, 1883, educated 
in Pittsburgh and New York schools, and 
at Blair Hall, Blairstown, New Jersey, 
for a time in banking business, but now 
with the Westinghouse Machine Com- 
pany of Pittsburgh ; married, November, 
191 1, Jean Elphinstone, of that city. 2. 
Prescott Langworthy, born July 25, 1888, 
educated in Pittsburgh schools and at 
Mercersburg Academy, now Pittsburgh 
representative of the banking house of 
Lee, Higginson & Company, of Boston 
and New York; married. October 25, 
1913, Mary Louise Steel. 3. Lowell 
Thayer, born May 3, 1S92, educated in 
Pittsburgh schools, at Kiskimenetis Acad- 
emy, St. James' Academy and Trinity 
College and now at Cornell University, 
class of 1915. 

Devotion to the ties of family and 
friendship has always been the ruling 
motive of Mr. Lyon's life and I\Irs. Lyon 
is a charming homemaker and tactful 
hostess. John Glamis Lyon comes of a 
race of executants. .\11 his ancestors, 
whether soldiers, manufacturers, lawyers 
or financiers, were men of action, men 
willing to take the initiative. Moreover, 
his native city is accomplishment incar- 
nate, and in maintaining his ancestral tra- 
ditions he has proved himself a true Lvon 
and a true Pittsburgher. 

(The Langworthy Line). 

John Langworthy, grandfather of ]\Irs. 
Adelina Carr (Langworthy) Lyon, was 
born in North Stonington, Connecticut, 
and there married Sarah Pendleton, a 
native of the same place. He and his 
wife were the parents of nine sons and 
two daughters, none of whom are living. 
Mr. and ]\Irs. Langworthy both died in 
Alfred, New York. 

Nathan Henry, son of John and Sarah 
(Pendleton) Langworthy, was born Octo- 



ber 17, 1812, at North Stonington, Con- 
necticut, and received a common school 
education. Throughout his life he was 
engaged in agricultural pursuits and mer- 
cantile business, taking an active part in 
public afifairs as an adherent of the Re- 
publican party and at one time serving 
with credit as a member of the legisla- 
ture of Rhode Island. He was a director 
of the Niantic Bank of Westerly, in that 
state. He and all his family were mem- 
bers of the Seventh-Day Baptist Church 
of A\'esterly. ]Mr. Lang^vorthy married, 
February 20, 1836, at North Stonington. 
Connecticut, Ann Elizabeth, born in that 
place. May 17, 1819, daughter of Daniel 
and Susan (Cole) Carr. Mr. Carr was a 
merchant of North Stonington. Mr. and 
Mrs. Langworthy were the parents of the 
following children: Susan Elizabeth, mar- 
ried William Lyman Greene, of Boston ; 
Sara A. ; Albert Henry, retired merchant 
and now member of the Rhode Island 
legislature, married Georgiana Loveland. 
of \\'esterly, Rhode Island ; Adelina Carr, 
mentioned below ; Helen, married Charles 
L. \\'hitman, of New York City; and 
Jane, married the Rev. Henry G. Spauld- 
ing, of Boston. ]\Irs. Langworthy died 
December 28. 1884. in Westerly, Rhode 
Island, and the death of Mr. Langworthy 
occurred at the same place, ]\Iay 28, 1889. 
Adelina Carr, daughter of Nathan 
Henry and Ann Elizabeth (Carr) Lang- 
worthy, became the wife of John Glamis 
Lvon, as stated above. 



WRIGHT, Elwood Griest, 

Oil Industry Official. 

The men who developed the oil wells 
of Pennsylvania and thus became the up- 
builders of a colossal industry did much 
toward the making of the Kevstone State 
as she stands to-day in the pride and 
strength of unparalleled progress and 
prosperity. Prominent among the pio- 
505 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



neers in this movement was Elwood 
Griest Wright, of Pittsburgh, now vice- 
president and director of the Southwest 
Pennsylvania Pipe Line Company, and a 
recognized authority in all that relates to 
the business. Mr. Wright comes on his 
father's side of that sturdy Irish stock 
which helped to lay the foundation of the 
greatness of the commonwealth, and 
numbers among his maternal ancestors 
some of those English Friends who were 
almost the earliest settlers of Pennsyl- 
vania. 

Thomas and Mary Wright, grand- 
parents of Elwood Griest Wright, were 
natives of Ireland and emigrated to the 
United States. Their children were: 
William, Thomas, John ; Samuel, men- 
tioned below; Enoch, James, Joseph, 
Margaret and Jane. Thomas Wright, the 
father, was a farmer, and died in Pennsyl- 
vania about 1850, his widow passing 
away a few years later. 

Samuel, son of Thomas and Mary 
Wright, was born in 1781, in Ireland, and 
accompanied his parents to the United 
States. Like his father, he was a farmer. 
In politics he was a Republican, and held 
various township offices, including those 
of road supervisor and assessor which he 
retained for years. He was a member of 
the Society of Friends. Mr. Wright mar- 
ried, August 10, 1837, at West Chester, 
Pennsylvania, Mary Jane Clayton, whose 
ancestral record is appended to this biog- 
raphy, and their children were : Joshua 
Clayton, born March, 1838; Narcissa D., 
born in 1840; Edith A., of Oak Hill, Lan- 
caster county, Pennsylvania ; Elwood 
Griest, mentioned below ; and Leander 
O., born September 3, 1849, and now a 
successful agriculturist, owning one of 
the fine farms of Lancaster county. 
Joshua Clayton Wright received a com- 
mon school education and served in the 
Union army throughout the Civil War. 
Later he was identified with the oil inter- 



ests of Western Pennsylvania. He mar- 
ried Mary Stalker, who died in 1878, and 
his own death occurred in 1907. Nar- 
cissa D. Wright was educated in the com- 
mon schools and the Millersville State 
Normal School, and married Ezekiel G. 
Webb, whose great-grandfather was a 
soldier in the Revolutionary War. Eze- 
kiel G. Webb was educated in the local 
and high schools of Coleraine township, 
and at the outbreak of the Civil War en- 
listed in Company G, One Hundred and 
Twenty-second Regiment Pennsylvania 
Volunteer Infantry. He participated in 
the battles of Second Bull Run and Chan- 
cellorsville, making an honorable record 
throughout the war. He died August 2, 
1906. Mrs. Wright, the mother of the 
family, died at her home in Little Britain 
township, Lancaster county, and the 
death of Mr. Wright occurred May 20, 
1883. in the same place. 

Elwood Griest Wright, son of Samuel 
and Mary Jane (Clayton) Wright, was 
born March 31, 1847, in Lancaster county, 
Pennsylvania, and received his education 
in local schools, afterward working on the 
farm until the autumn of 1872, when he 
removed to Clarion county in conse- 
quence of the recent discovery of oil in 
that region. With some men this would 
not have been a sufficient reason for mi- 
grating, involving as it did a certain 
amount of risk, but enterprise was domi- 
nant in Mr. Wright's nature and cer- 
tainly, in this instance, the event fully 
justified it. Success attended him and for 
many years he was connected with the 
Antwerp Pipe Line Company. In 1912, 
upon the dissolution of the Standard Oil 
Company, he became vice-president and 
director of the Southwest Pennsylvania 
Pipe Line Company, the concern having 
its headquarters in Pittsburgh. Fie was 
formerly president of the Petroleum Iron 
Works Company. 

In politics Mr. Wright is a Republican, 
506 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and Pittsburgh has no citizen more de- 
voted to the promotion of her best inter- 
ests. He affiliates with Milnor Lodge. 
No. 218, Free and Accepted Masons, and 
belongs to the Oakmont Country Club, 
the Pittsburgh Press Club, the Pittsburgh 
Field Club and the Pittsburgh Athletic 
Association. He is a member of the Soci- 
ety of Friends, but his family attend the 
Presbyterian Church. 

In appearance Mr. Wright is revealed 
as the type of man which his career has 
shown him to be — aggressive, but not 
rash, cool, but not over-cautious, very de- 
cided but perfectly fair-minded and rea- 
sonable. These qualities are inscribed on 
his features and speak in the clear, direct 
glance of his eyes, while his whole aspect 
is that of the benevolent, warm-hearted 
man and the true friend which so many 
know him to be. 

Mr. Wright married, November 19, 
1890, Sarah Rankin Whitehill, whose an- 
cestral record is appended to this biog- 
raphy, and they became the parents of 
two children: Gertrude Clayton, died in 
infancy ; and Mildred Whitehill, educated 
at theThurston-Gleim School, Pittsburgh, 
and at Mrs. Down's School, "Briar Clifif," 
New York state. Mr. W^right's strongest 
affections are for home and family and 
his hours of greatest happiness are passed 
in the domestic circle. Mrs. Wright is a 
woman of winning personality and a tact- 
ful hostess and her daughter is one of the 
most charming members of the younger 
set. Both are members of the Tuesday 
Musical Club. 

Mr. Wright can look back upon forty- 
three years of intense and fruitful activ- 
ity in the oil business. During these 
years he has been a witness to many 
vicissitudes. He has seen fortunes won 
and lost, but through everything he has 
held steadily on his way, never swerving 
from the path of rectitude and always 
achieving success with honor. 



(The Clayton Line). 

William Clayton, the first ancestor of 
record, was sent from England by Wil- 
liam Penn as a commissioner to Pennsyl- 
vania and settled in that part of the prov- 
ince which is now included within the 
limits of New Jersey. A descendant of 
William Clayton figured prominently in 
the Revolutionary War, and a later de- 
scendant, father of Mrs. Mary Jane (Clay- 
ton) Wright, settled near West Chester 
and laid out the Strasburg road. He gave 
the land on which was erected the meet- 
ing house at ^larshalton. His daughter, 
Mary Jane Clayton, was born in Sads- 
bury township, Lancaster county, and be- 
came the wife of Samuel Wright, as 
stated above. 

(The WhitehiU Line). 

James Whitehill, the first ancestor of 
record, was born February i, 1700, in 
Scotland, and in 1723 emigrated to Penn- 
sylvania, settling in Lancaster county 
and filling various local offices. He was 
twice married, his second wife being 
Rachel Cresswell. James Whitehill died 
February i, 1776, and his widow passed 
away June 25, 1795. 

(II) David, son of James and Rachel 
(Cresswell) Whitehill, was born May 24, 
1743, in Lancaster county, and removed 
to Centre county. He was a Presbyterian 
as. presumably, his father had been. 
David Whitehill married Rachel, daugh- 
ter of James Clemson, and died Novem- 
ber 12, 1809. 

(ill) James Clemson, son of David 
and Rachel (Clemson) Whitehill. was 
born in Lancaster county, and in 1821 re- 
moved to Venango, now Clarion county. 
He was a Whig and a Presbyterian. Mr. 
Whitehill married Barbara Milliken, of 
Mififlin county. 

(IV) James, son of James Clemson and 
Barbara (Milliken) Whitehill, was born 
March 16, 1816, and was a farmer and an 



1507 



EKXYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



oil operator, also, at one time, the pro- 
prietor of a hotel. He married (first) 
Mary Jane, daughter of Francis and 
Nancy (McDowell) Thompson, who died 
November 13, 1863. He married (sec- 
ond) Margaret (Say) Hileman. The 
death of James Whitehill occurred Janu- 
ary 18, 1S79, and his widow survived until 
1906. 

(V) Sarah Rankin, daughter of James 
and Alary Jane (Thompson) Whitehill, 
was born October 20, 1855, ^"d became 
the wife of Elwood Griest Wright, as 
stated above. 



CUMMINGS, James Howell, 

Head of Mammoth Stetson Business. 

The business of the John B. Stetson 
Company has doubled since the death of 
its founder in 1906. The increase has 
been due in a great measure to a close ob- 
servance of the methods, plans and aims, 
of the dead chief by his successor, James 
Howell Cummings, whose privilege it 
was to sit from boyhood under the in- 
struction of that great business general 
who knew the human heart so well and 
knew so well how to lead his workers for 
their own advantage and his — John B. 
Stetson. 

To take up the burdens of a sucessful 
man and to carry on his work to an ex- 
tent undreamed of by the departed one, 
is indeed a triumph ; but modern business 
is a constant adjustment, and the increase 
speaks volumes for the genius of the 
organizer, as well as for the loyalty and 
executive ability of his successor, whose 
greatest pride is to administer the afifairs 
of his high office in accordance with the 
plans evolved during Mr. Stetson's life- 
time. The business of which he is the 
head was Mr. Cummings' first love. He 
came to Mr. Stetson a lad of fifteen years 
as errand boy. became clerk, then assist- 
ant manager, then secretary, treasurer, 

I 



vice-president, and for five years prior to 
the death of Air. Stetson had been man- 
ager dc facto, and in natural course suc- 
ceeded him as president. During the 
twenty-four years, 1882 to 1906, Mr. Cum- 
mings literally became a part of the busi- 
ness, and since 1906 has made no changes 
save those called for by expansion. He 
reverences the memory of his departed 
chief, and as president is not in evidence 
save as he should be, giving small credit 
to himself for the great success of the 
business, saying it is all owing to the 
jieople who make the hats, the salesmen, 
and the wise intelligence of the dealers 
who sell them. He early learned to take 
orders, and from such knowledge he 
knows how to give them, and notwith- 
standing his modesty, is a man of gxeat 
ability and force. He is never quite sat- 
isfied, everything must be made better, 
and the most lowly helper in his army of 
more than five thousand can always reach 
him and will receive a kindly hearing, 
although he quickly disposes of the 
"kicker" or trifler. He has the regard and 
respect of every department head, and in 
all things measures up to the full require- 
ments of his position. 

James Howell Cummings was born in 
Goshen, Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, 
August 7, 1867, son of John and Sarah E. 
(Thompson) Cummings, the former a vet- 
eran Union officer of the Civil War, and 
treasurer of the Homes & Edwards Silver 
Company, of Bridgeport, Connecticut. 
He obtained a public school education in 
Philadelphia, commencing business life at 
the age of fifteen years with John B. Stet- 
son & Company, hat manufacturers. 
Marshall Field once said that if he want- 
ed to pick a boy who would take up his 
own work and eclipse his record, he would 
select a youth who left school at fifteen, 
whose father was dead, and who had a 
mother and brothers and sister to care 
for. Beginning in November, 1882, he 

S08 








C^Z<y^'C^^ 'iS-CC.^CC^C^C-c^c^^^'^ i 




ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



soon proved his merit and attracted the 
attention of Mr. Stetson by his neatness, 
industry, and devotion to his duties. He 
started as errand boy, then became clerk, 
and for nine years held that position, with 
increasing responsibilities and compensa- 
tion. In 1891 the firm became the John B. 
Stetson Company by incorporation, and 
w^hen officers were chosen the office boy 
of nine years before was elected secre- 
tary. His record of efficiency in the sec- 
retary's office was equalled by a term as 
treasurer and as vice-president. Upon 
the death of John B. Stetson, February 
18, 1906, Mr. Cummings was elected to 
succeed him as president of the J. B. Stet- 
son Company, one of the great manufac- 
turing corporations of the United States 
and one in which the rights of capital, 
labor, and customer are scrupulously re- 
garded. Mr. Cummings does not pose as 
a philanthropist, but as a keenly alive 
man of business, administering even 
handed justice to all, stockholders, em- 
ployees, and patrons. The problem of 
reconciling capital and labor seems to 
have been solved by the J. B. Stetson 
Company, and to-day a position in their 
plants or offices is one eagerly sought for, 
as is the company's stock. The system 
of promotions and rewards yearly be- 
stowed, the various educational, fraternal, 
beneficial, athletic, and social associations 
maintained by employees and company 
are strong ties that bind office, factory, 
and selling force into a smoothly work- 
ing body, the welfare of all being the 
motto of all. That so satisfactory a re- 
sult has been obtained speaks volumes 
for the studied interest the company ever 
has had in the personal welfare of the 
workers who produce, those who record, 
and those who sell. 

Considered solel}^ from a financial point 
of view, the company's executive manage- 
ment has been most satisfactory, while 



from a manufacturer's standpoint the 
fame attached to the name "Stetson" is 
proof of the best management. These re- 
sults, however, could be prophesied, while 
the uniting, in interest and purpose, of so 
vast an army of employees, contented, 
prosperous, and loyal, is a result so sel- 
dom attained in the manufacturing world 
as to stamp the past and present manage- 
ment of the J. B. Stetson Company as of 
the highest type and worthy of an age that 
is devoting itself especially to economic 
problems and their scientific solution. In 
1915, the fiftieth anniversary of the estab- 
lishment of the Stetson business, the In- 
ternational Jury at the Panama-Pacific 
Exposition awarded to the John B. Stet- 
son Company the grand prize, "being the 
highest award for its product, because of 
superiority of quality, perfection of work- 
manship, excellence in style, and the safe, 
healthful and moral conditions under 
which Stetson's hats are made." 

While Mr. Cummings' chief concern is 
in the Stetson Company and its executive 
management, he has other important busi- 
ness interests. He is a director of the 
Bank of North America, member of the 
board of trustees of the Penn Mutual Life 
Insurance Company, and a director of the 
Erben Harding Company, yarn manufac- 
turers. He is president of the board of 
managers of the Stetson Hospital, of 
Philadelphia, is a Republican in politics, 
and a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church. His clubs are the Manufac- 
turers", Country, and Union League, of 
Philadelphia, the Lotos, of New York. 
He is one of the workers for a better 
Philadelphia, a greater commercial city, a 
more beautiful city, a better governed city. 

Mr. Cummings married. February 22, 
1889, Anna C. daughter of H. M. Rich- 
ards, of Philadelphia. Children: J. 
Howell (2), Marie R., Elizabeth S., and 
Eleanor F. 



1509 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



COALE, Thomas Ellicott, 

Enterprising Business Man. 

Educated in the Friends' Boarding 
School at Westtown, Pennsylvania, and 
since 1880 engaged in lumber business in 
Philadelphia, Mr. Coale may be consid- 
ered almost a "native son," although born 
in the nearby state of Maryland, w^here 
his ancestor, William Coale, settled prior 
to 1678. In all but the incident of birth, 
however, Mr. Coale is a true Pennsyl- 
vanian, loyal to his adopted city, Phila- 
delphia, and one of the contributing 
agents to her prosperity. 

William Coale, the American founder 
of the family, was an eminent member of 
the Society of Friends of Anne Arundel 
county, IMaryland, and in the minute book 
of the "Meeting at the Clifts" a number 
of testimonies to his excellent memory 
are to be found. He made his will Octo- 
ber 26, 1698, and died the following Feb- 
ruary. William Coale was three times 
married, the line of descent to Thomas E. 
Coale, of Philadelphia, being through a 
son of the third wife, Elizabeth Thomas. 
She was a daughter of Philip and Sarah 
(Harrison) Thomas, the founders of the 
Thomas family of West River, Maryland. 
Philip Thomas and Sarah Harrison were 
married in England, and in 1651 came to 
Maryland. This Philip Coale, born Sep- 
tember 6, 1673, is said to have held an 
officer's commission in the British army. 
His wife, Cassandra, was a daughter of 
Sir George Skipwith, baronet, and his 
wife, Elizabeth. 

Skipwith Coale, only son of Philip and 
Cassandra (Skipwith) Coale, moved trom 
Anne Arundel county to Baltimore county 
in 1732, and in 1742 was sheriff of the lat- 
ter county. He married ^Margaret Hol- 
land. 

William Coale, son of Skipwith and 
Margaret (Holland) Coale, settled in 
Harford county, Maryland. He married 
Sarah Webster. 

15 



William Ellis Coale, son of William 
and Sarah (Webster) Coale, was a busi- 
ness man of Baltimore, Maryland, mem- 
ber of the firm of Tompkins, Coale & 
Company, later engaged in banking as 
teller of the Union Bank and cashier of 
the Susquehanna Bridge and Banking 
Company. His residence "Loudon," was 
an inheritance of his first wife from her 
father. He married (first) April 16, 1823, 
Hannah Ellicott, who died March 13, 
1837, daughter of James and Martha 
(Ellicott) Carey. She bore him seven 
children, of whom \\'illiam Ellis (2) was 
the fourth. 

William Ellis (2) Coale, son of Wil- 
liam Ellis (I) and Hannah (Ellicott) 
Coale, was born in Baltimore, Maryland, 
November 17, 1831, died November 3, 
1S80. He followed in the footsteps of his 
father and engaged in banking business, 
serving as cashier and treasurer. He 
married, October 9, 1838, Louisa Schmidt, 
who died December 30, 1873. Children: 
William Ellis (3), Mary Yarnall, Thomas 
Ellicott, of further mention, Louisa, 
Lilian. 

Thomas Ellicott Coale, second son of 
William Ellis (2) and Louisa (Schmidt) 
Coale, was born in Catonsville, Maryland, 
May 19, 1865. After preparation in the 
public schools he entered the Friends' 
Boarding School at Westtown, Pennsyl- 
vania, where he completed his years of 
school study. In 1881 he began his busi- 
ness career as a clerk in a hardware store 
in Baltimore. In 1882 he went to Pitts- 
burgh, were he entered the lumber busi- 
ness, there remaining until 1891, when he 
moved to Philadelphia, in this city win- 
ning his way to a leading position in the 
trade. His present relations with the 
lumber business are as president of the 
Thomas E. Coale Lumber Company, and 
as director of S. P. Bowers & Company, 
both well known and influential com- 
panies. He is also a director of the 
ID 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Franklin Trust Company and interested 
in the Ardmore National Bank. He is 
known as a man of strong executive abil- 
ity, progressive in his business methods, 
a safe leader, and of sound judgment, 
with the ability to seize every oppor- 
tunity as it presents itself. His life has 
been a successful one, and so far as a man 
can be is the builder of his own fortunes. 
Kindly hearted, sympathetic, and gener- 
ous, the form of philanthropy that most 
appeals to him is work among the little 
ones of the poorer district of the city, and 
as one of the incorporators of the Joy 
Settlement (Kindergarten and Day Nur- 
sery), Mr. Coale has been active in its 
management, serving as president of the 
board of managers. 

He is a Republican in politics, but has 
never desired nor accepted public office. 
Flis clubs are the Racquet. Manufac- 
turers', and Orpheus, of Philadelphia, 
while his love of out-of-doors is gratified 
by active membership in the Torresdale 
Golf Club, of which he is president, and 
the Delaware River Club. He is a com- 
municant of the Protestant Episcopal 
church, participating in the work of the 
denomination, and is a member of the 
choir of his home church. 

He married, in Baltimore, Maryland, in 
1890. Nannie M., daughter of John and 
Margaret Elizabeth (Donohue) Murphy. 
John Murphy was one of the largest pub- 
lishers of Catholic literature in this coun- 
try, founding the house of John Murphy 
& Company, of Baltimore, and was au- 
thorized by the Vatican to do printing for 
the American church. John Murphy died 
about 1880, the business he established 
now continued by his son. His acquaint- 
ance among ecclesiastical dignitaries was 
wide, and he was equally well known in 
business circles, highly regarded by all. 
Mr. Coale's residence is on "Red Lion 
Road," near Torresdale. and his offices 
in the Bellevue Court Building. 

15 



KEIM, George de Benneville, 

IiaTvyer, Man of Large Affairs. 

During his lifetime Mr. Keim took a 
deep interest in all that related to the his- 
tory of his native county and State, and 
was equally interested in the preservation 
of family history and genealogy. This 
led him to membership in the Historical 
Society of Pennsylvania, which organiza- 
tion he served for twenty-five years as a 
vice-president, for forty years as a mem- 
ber. After his death Mrs. Keim donated 
to the society all of his "Americana," 
comprising historical works of great 
value and numbering about one thousand 
volumes. His professional and business 
life was largely devoted to the Reading 
Coal and Iron Company and the Philadel- 
phia and Reading Railroad Company, the 
offices of general solicitor, director, re- 
ceiver, vice-president, and president of 
these companies being at various times 
filled by Mr. Keim. A brilliant, forceful 
lawyer and capable executive, Mr. Keim 
was possessed of an intensely social 
nature, was fond of both literature and 
art. owning a large library of valuable 
works, while the choice paintings which 
adorned his home gave evidence of artis- 
tic appreciation and critical taste. The 
many testimonies of regret and condo- 
lence elicited by his death were strong 
proof of the high estimate his contempo- 
raries placed upon his life and character. 

George de Benneville Keim was born 
in Reading, Pennsylvania, December 10, 
1831, died in Philadelphia, December 18, 
1893, arid is buried in the Charles Evans 
Cemetery, Reading, Pennsylvania, a city 
in which his ancestors were prominent 
from 1755. He was the son of Hon. 
George May Keim, for many years a con- 
spicuous figure in the financial, industrial, 
military and political life of Reading 

After preparation in the public schools 
he entered Georgetown University, Dis- 
trict of Columbia, and in 1846, when but 
II 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



fifteen years of age, enrolled in the sopho- 
more class of Dickinson College, whence 
he was graduated, class of 1849. Becom- 
ing deeply interested in the science of 
chemistry he spent one year in the labora- 
tory of his cousin. Dr. Charles M. Weth- 
erill, then decided to turn his attention to 
the law, and after two years' study in the 
office of Charles Davis, of Reading, he 
was, on April 8, 1852, admitted to the 
Berks county bar. He was then just of 
legal age, but despite his youth he quickly 
won standing at the bar, continuing in 
successful practice in Reading for three 
3^ears. He then yielded to his father's 
wishes and located in Pottsville, where 
he practiced his profession and repre- 
sented the large coal land interests of his 
father and others. He made a special 
study of coal land titles, attracting a large 
clientele among the prominent owners of 
coal lands. When the Philadelphia & 
Reading railroad determined to control 
the coal trade through the medium of a 
coal and iron company, Mr. Keim was 
selected, for his peculiar knowledge and 
ability, to act as the company's solicitor 
in that section. Mr. Keim organized the 
company in a room over his office in 
Pottsville, and in order to facilitate his 
work he moved to the office occupied by 
the company. 

In 1875 he became general solicitor for 
the company and thenceforth resided in 
Philadelphia, the general offices of the 
company being there located. He was re- 
tained as head of the law department for 
eight years, until 1883, then was elected 
vice-president. The financial difficulties 
of the company finally forcing the organi- 
zation into the hands of receivers. Mr. 
Keim was one of the three appointed, 
serving four years until the receivership 
terminated, he and his associates being 
highly complimented for their skill, 
energy and devotion in restoring the com- 
pany to a solvent condition In a re- 



organization of the intimately related 
affairs of the Philadelphia & Reading 
railroad and the Reading Coal and Iron 
Company, he served as president several 
times, during the periods from 1884 to 
1886 and 1888 to 1891. He was also a 
director of the Baltimore & Ohio railroad 
from 1S88 until his death. In 1891 he 
was obliged to retire from the active man- 
agement of the Reading Railroad and 
Coal Companies, ill health causing this 
move. ]\Ir. Keim was closely associated 
with Franklin B. Gowen, president of the 
Reading railroad, during the criminal 
prosecution of the ]\Iolly Alaguires, direct- 
ing and advising in the preparation of 
cases, although not publicly appearing at 
the trials. 

In 1853 Mr. Keim became a member of 
the Historical Society of Pennsylvania 
and was elected vice-president in 1868, 
serving until his death. He was a mem- 
ber of the Sons of the Revolution, his 
claim resting on the patriotic service of 
his great-grandfather. John Keim, of the 
Berks county militia. He was also a 
member of the American Philosophical 
Society, was a director of the Finance 
Company of Philadelphia, and from 1849 
to 1855. while residing in Reading, was a 
member of the local militia and fire com- 
panies. He was most genial, hospitable 
and friendly, his weighty business and 
professional affairs, however, demanding 
his time to the exclusion of all offers of 
political preferment. 

Mr. Keim married, in 1853, Elizabeth 
Cocke Trezevant. only daughter of Louis 
Cruger and Elizabeth (Cocke) Trezevant. 
Louis C. Trezevant was the only son of 
Judge Louis Trezevant, Justice of the 
Supreme Court of South Carolina,, and his 
wife, Henrietta Morrell (Nethercliffe) 
Trezevant, of Savannah, Georgia. Chil- 
dren of George de Benneville and Eliza- 
beth Cocke (Trezevant) Keim : Julia 
Mayer, of Philadelphia, a member of the 
512 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Colonial Dames of America, the Acorn 
Club, and other organizations of note ; 
Susan Douglass, married William Lyttle- 
ton Savage, of Philadelphia. The family 
residence is No. 2009 De Lancey Place. 



BAKER, Edv/ard Enzer, 

Enterprisiug Business Man. 

Pittsburgh can show the records of 
many men who have been the architects 
of their own fortunes, but not one who 
has been more emphatically so, or has 
achieved more complete and all-round 
success than Edward Enzer Baker, presi- 
dent of the Baker Office Furniture Com- 
pany, one of the largest concerns of its 
kind in the State of Pennsylvania. The 
story of Mr. Baker's life since he came to 
Pittsburgh more than thirty years ago is 
one of the romances of business. 

Samuel Baker, grandfather of Edward 
Enzer Baker, was born in the United 
States after his father had come here from 
Germany, settling first in Philadelphia 
and then removing to A'irginia, where he 
led the life of a farmer. Samuel Baker 
married Alary Dugan. and their children 
w'ere : Thornton ; James ; John ; Henry 
C, mentioned below; ]\Iilton; Mahala ; 
•, Elizabeth ; Alcinda, and Sarah. All these 

I lived in early life in and around West 

Virginia, some of them subsequently mi- 
grating to other parts of the country. 

Henry C, son of Samuel and Mary 
(Dugan) Baker, was born January 11, 
1840, near Morgantown, West Virginia, 
and there received his education. Like 
his father, he followed the calling of a 
farmer. A Republican in politics, he took 
an active part in local affairs, serving for 
eight years as assessor of the county, and 
for several terms occupying a seat in the 
Morgantown council. He was a member 
of the Methodist Episcopal church. He 
married Eliza J. Everly, born August 22, 
1842, daughter of Reason and Mary L. 

IS 



(jMorris) Everly, of Monongalia county, 
West Virginia. The Everly family came 
from Stockholm, Sweden, settling in Phil- 
adelphia and Wilmington, Delaware. The 
following children were born to j\Ir. and 
Mrs. Baker : Edward Enzer, mentioned 
below; iVlbert G., of Morgantown, W^est 
A'irginia, in hardware business, married ; 
Florence A., wife of William C. Ander- 
son, of [Morgantown, has children ; Wal- 
ter C, died in childhood; ]\Iary L., of 
Pittsburgh ; and Dora A., wife of John C. 
Krepps, of Morgantown, has one son. Mr. 
Baker died January 4, 1900, and the death 
of his wife occurred May 21, 1893. 

Edward Enzer Baker, son of Henry C. 
and Eliza J. (Everly) Baker, was born 
Alarch 18, i860, near Morgantown, West 
A'irginia, and received his preparatory 
education in the public schools of his 
native place. At twelve years of age he 
had charge of a team, and thenceforth 
until the age of seventeen, engaging in 
farm work. For several years thereafter 
he taught in the country schools during 
the winters, in the spring and autumn at- 
tended the W^est Virginia University and 
spent the summers in the labors of the 
farm. 

But in this youth the spirit of enter- 
prise was exceptionally strong, and as he 
approached manhood he was haunted by 
the possibilities of Pittsburgh, the city of 
wonder and wealth, the city which, as 
some one has said, "is like a huge, dim 
Aladdin's lamp." Thither he resolved to 
go, and on Christmas Eve, 1880, he first 
stood in the streets of the metropolis. 
The world was ringing with Yuletide 
cheer while he was without work and 
without friends, having only fifty dollars 
in his pocket, but possessed of courage 
and determination sufficient to turn the 
course of the Monongahela river. Three 
days after Mr. Baker's arrival in Pitts- 
burgh he obtained employment in a music 
store on Wylie street, remaining about 

13 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



one month, and then becoming assistant 
bookkeeper in a farm implement store on 
Liberty street, being the successful appli- 
cant among one hundred and twenty-five. 
Perhaps, however, during the next two 
months, he was tempted at times to ques- 
tion his good fortune, for during that time 
all he had to do — surprising as this may 
seem it is the literal truth — was to pull 
ploughs and other farm implements to 
the third and fourth floors of the build- 
ing, on a hand power elevator, while the 
men on the upper floors did the work for 
which he had been engaged. It is not 
surprising that this firm soon went out 
of business, and when that event occur- 
red Mr. Baker secured a position with the 
Pittsburgh & Lake Erie railroad, going 
thence first to the transfer offices of the 
Pennsylvania railroad, and then to the 
offices of the Pennsylvania Company. 
Not liking the close confinement of office 
work, he next went into the furnishing 
goods business, taking a position "on the 
road." 

On one of his trips, Mr. Baker visited 
Rochester, New York, where he had deal- 
ings with Mr. Paul J. Schlicht. That he 
made a highly favorable impression on 
Mr. Schlicht may be inferred from the 
fact that the latter offered him then and 
there a position to sell files and filing cabi- 
nets. Accordingly, he went to work for 
Mr. Schlicht's firm on thirty days' trial, 
and remained with them four years, at 
the end of which time they failed. Mr. 
Baker then went with the Globe Files 
Company, now the Globe-Wernicke Com- 
pany of Cincinnati, travelling for this 
firm two years. He had in all, six years' 
experience on the road, and during this 
time he travelled from ocean to ocean and 
from Canada to Mexico, covering this 
vast territory a number of times. He 
made one trip to the Pacific coast, being 
absent thirteen months to a day, and dur- 
ing that time seeing but two people he 



had ever seen before. To one of these he 
lent three dollars which he has long since 
noted under the head of "losses." 

In the autumn of 1888 Mr. Baker de- 
cided to abandon the life of a travelling 
salesman and return to Pittsburgh. In 
pursuance of this resolve he visited sev- 
eral furniture and stationery firms, apply- 
ing for a position, but nowhere found an 
opening. One evening, after carefully 
pondering upon the situation, he made up 
his mind that if he could not get a posi- 
tion he would make one. This decision 
was, perhaps, the most characteristic 
event of his life, or, rather, it might be 
said to epitomize his nature. He acted 
upon it with the promptness with which 
such men meet the crises of their lives, at 
once renting an office at Seventh avenue 
and Smithfield street, furnishing it with 
two desks and a few sample filing cabi- 
nets, and on January l. 1889, taking his 
sample case and going to work. Mark 
the result. The first year he sold ten 
thousand dollars' worth of goods and col- 
lected every dollar. His future seemed 
assured, but in the years that followed he 
saw many weeks and months when it re- 
quired true courage to hold on, but lie 
licld oil. Who that knows him could 
doubt it? 

In the office at Seventh avenue and 
Smithfield street the Baker Office Furni- 
ture Company originated. For some time 
Mr. Baker was office boy, porter, stenog- 
rapher, cashier, l)ookkeeper, salesman and 
proprietor, all in one, doing business 
under the name of the Office Specialty 
Company, as many of his old customers 
will remember. Soon, however, they out- 
grew their first small quarters and re- 
moved to Third avenue, where they were 
able to carry a larger stock and a greater 
variety, but where the amount of busi- 
ness they transacted seemed entirely out 
of proportion to the size of the building. 
Here thev had the assistance of an errand 



1514 



ENXYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



boy, shipper, stenographer and book- 
keeper combined, and one salesman. After 
occupying this building about two years 
and a half, the growth of the business 
again compelled them to seek more com- 
modious quarters, and they moved to 
Wood street, where they put in a much 
larger stock and increased the number 
of employees. Hearing about this time 
that others were using their firm name, 
with variations, they decided to change 
their style to E. E. Baker Specialty Com- 
pany. Their rivals, finding that a name 
alone could not establish a business, one 
by one gave up the struggle. About six 
1 months after the firm moved into their 

I new building the famous panic of 1893 

i took the country by storm, and the E. E. 

Baker Specialty Company sufifered with 
the rest. Nothing but hard work, hope 
and a fixed, determined purpose carried 
the firm through the next three or four 
years, but they weathered the storm and 
at last the tide turned. 

After four years and a half in their 
Wood street quarters, the company, in 
order to get a more modern building and 
more conveniences, moved next door. 
During the years of panic and hard times 
they had found it necessary to take on 
some side lines, such as school and church 
furniture, bicycles and typewriters, and 
start a commercial stationery department, 
and soon after moving into their new 
quarters, with the passing of panic con- 
ditions, their business began to improve. 
So rapidly did their trade increase that 
they found it necessary to drop their side 
lines in order to give proper attention to 
[ their regular business. Accordingly, they 

organized their stationery department 
into a separate company, an arrangement 
which left them with nothing but office 
furniture and caused them to assume 
their present style of the Baker Office 
Furniture Company. Finding it neces- 
sary to have more sample room and carry 

15 



a larger stock, they turned their entire 
W'ood street building into sample floors 
and leased three buildings in Third ave- 
nue for warehouses. 

In the course of time the company 
moved to Liberty street, the reason being 
the ever-recurring one of lack of space, 
and on February 25. 1907, their premises 
were destroyed by fire. But were they 
daunted by this? Far from it. The com- 
pany, inspired by the indomitable spirit 
of its president, rose phoenix-like from 
its ashes. After remaining for a time in 
temporary quarters in Liberty street, 
they returned to their old neighborhood 
in Wood street, later leasing the three 
floors on either side of their building and 
giving themselves, by this means, floor 
space of over forty thousand square feet. 

Mr. Baker has been at dififerent times 
connected, as director, with various 
financial and industrial concerns, but 
now concentrates his energies solely on 
the organization which he founded and 
of which he has always been the invinci- 
ble and inspiring leader. Fully occupied 
as he is, IMr. Baker is never too busy to 
give to public aft'airs the degree of atten- 
tion demanded of every citizen, his vote 
being always cast with the Republicans. 
This means much when taken in connec- 
tion with the fact that, in addition to the 
obligations and responsibilities involved 
in his position as president of his com- 
pany, he is frequently consulted by manu- 
facturers contemplating new departures 
in any of their lines. Widely versed in 
all that pertains to his business, he is a 
recognized authority on the subject. He 
is a member of the Pittsburgh Chamber 
of Commerce, a thirty-second degree Ma- 
son, a Knight Templar and a Shriner. 
For vears he was a member of the Amer- 
ican Club, and ho now belongs to the 
Duquesne Club, the Pittsburgh Press 
Club. He is a member of Christ Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church. 

15 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



A man whose history is written in his 
face— this brief description seems, to 
those acquainted with the career of Mr. 
Baker and familiar with his appearance, 
to portray him accurately and fully. Of 
tall stature and commanding air, he looks 
the veritable leader of men which his 
whole career has proved him to be, his 
strong, clear-cut features, accentuated by 
a brown moustache, bear the stamp of 
the qualities which have made him what 
he is and his dark blue eyes are those of a 
man who has seen and thought and done. 
Like all the real doers of Pittsburgh he 
is always too busy to talk of himself or 
his achievements. He is an honorable 
merchant, a polished gentleman and a 
man generous and high-minded in all the 
relations of life. 

On June 2, 1898, Mr. Baker crowned 
his success by a happy marriage, wed- 
ding Carrie May, daughter of David 
Davison and Anna (Andrews) Angell, of 
Pittsburgh. i\Irs. Baker, who is a mem- 
ber of the Tuesday Musical Club, the 
Epoch Club and other social organiza- 
tions as well as various charitable enter- 
prises, is one of the city's leading singers 
and most charming hostesses and the 
home over which she presides is the cen- 
tre of hospitality which she and her hus- 
band delight to make it. 

A record like that of Edward Enzer 
Baker speaks for itself, but it is not 
enough that it should speak to one gener- 
ation only. It should be preserved for 
those yet to come, for many a youth fight- 
ing the battle of life, not only for him- 
self, but for those near and dear to him, 
would derive courage and inspiration 
from reading this ringing, uplifting narra- 
tive of a brave struggle and an honorable 
victory. 



HAGAN, George Junkin, 

Manufacturer, Inventor. 

George Junkin Hagan, general man- 
ager of the justly celebrated George J. 



Hagan Company, is one of the men whose 
youthful vigor and aggressiveness are 
constantly imparting fresh energy and 
renewed impetus to the industries which 
have given Pittsburgh her world-renown. 
Mr. Hagan is known not only as a busi- 
ness man, but as a specialist in the manu- 
facture and treatment of metals, having 
made a study of fuel economy and per- 
fected a large number of appliances. 

Jonathan Hagan, grandfather of George 
Junkin Hagan, was born July 27, 1800, 
and led the life of a farmer. In politics 
he was first a Whig and later a Repub- 
lican. He married, April 14, 1819, Mary 
Henry, who was born July 7, 1804, and 
among their fourteen children was George 
C, mentioned below. He is the only one 
of this large family now living with the 
exception of two of the daughters : Mrs. 
Martha Abrahams, who is seventy-eight, 
and is now living at Steubenville, Ohio, 
the mother of three children ; the other is 
Mrs. Naomi Swain, who resides in New 
York City, is sixty-six years old, and has 
one child, a daughter. Mrs. Hagan pass- 
ed aAvay May 3, 1S77, and the death of 
Mr. Hagan occurred April 2, 18S1. 

George C. Hagan, son of Jonathan and 
Mary (Henry) Hagan, was born January 
2, 1847, in Steubenville, Ohio, and re- 
ceived his education in the public schools 
of Sharpsburg and at one of the old Pitts- 
burgh academies. From 1865 ^o 1889 he 
was engaged in the boot and shoe busi- 
ness at New Castle, Pennsylvania, sell- 
ing out in the latter year and removing to 
Chicago, where he became a retail con- 
fectioner. He is a Republican in politics, 
and while living in New Castle served as 
citv councilman and chief of the fire de- 
partment. He has filled all the chairs in 
Freemasonry, and taken the thirty-sec- 
ond degree, and belongs to the Benevo- 
lent Protective Order of Elks, the Royal 
Arcanum and the Ancient Order of 
United Workmen. He is a member of 
the Presbyterian church. Mr. Hagan 
516 





,a/OiAir 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



married, June 13, 1872, in New Castle, 
Pennsylvania, Mary Eleanor (Junkin) 
Mitchell, whose ancestral record is ap- 
pended to this biography, and they be- 
came the parents of two children : Vir- 
ginia Robinson, born September 4, 1874, 
married George Stuart Totten, of De- 
troit, Michigan ; and George Junkin, men- 
tioned below. Mr. Hagan, who has now 
retired from business, is a resident of 
Pittsburgh. He was at one time mayor 
of New Castle, Pennsylvania. 

George Junkin Hagan, son of George 
C. and Mary Eleanor (Junkin) (Mitch- 
ell) Hagan, was born January 22, 1879, 
in New Castle, Pennsylvania, and re- 
ceived his education in the public schools 
of his native town and of Pittsburgh. 
He entered early upon the active work 
of life, being first employed by Ed- 
ward E. Erikson, a well known con- 
tractor, with whom he remained twelve 
years, mechanical genius united to busi- 
ness ability soon rendering him an im- 
portant factor in the concern, which made 
a specialty of erecting furnaces. Before 
the twelve years came to an end he had 
risen to the position of assistant manager. 

In 1902 Mr. Hagan tendered his resig- 
nation and went into business for himself, 
putting up his own gas producers, stokers, 
rolling mills and steel plants. Meanwhile, 
his constructive talent procured for him a 
high rank among inventors. He is the 
originator and perfecter of many appli- 
ances, among which is the Stoker Fired 
Furnace for special high grade work, the 
heat treatment being a special factor in 
the conversion operation. Practically all 
manufacturers making such a product are 
using his equipment. In 1912 the con- 
cern was incorporated as the George J. 
Hagan Company. Mr. Hagan filling the 
position of general manager. He has 
taken out a number of patents on fuel 
saving devices for metallurgical furnaces, 
specializing on furnaces for rolling mills 



and steel mills. A large number of appli- 
ances now in use among manufacturers 
bear his name. He is the moving spirit 
and inspiring genius of the great concern 
of which he is at the head. 

Politically Mr. Hagan is an Independ- 
ent, with Republican proclivities. He is 
actively public-spirited, giving to the con- 
sideration of municipal afliairs all the time 
and helpful attention which the strenuous 
demands of business permit him to be- 
stow on them. Fie affiliates with Wash- 
ington Lodge, No. 253, Free and Accept- 
ed Masons, of Pittsburgh, and belongs to 
the Press Club and the Pittsburgh Ath- 
letic Association. He is a member of the 
United Presbyterian church. 

The countenance of Mr. Hagan is 
strongly expressive of the qualities which 
have made him what he is. He has the 
broad forehead and the observant yet 
thoughtful eye of the inventor, while at 
the same time the firm lines of his face 
and a certain aggressiveness in his whole 
aspect and bearing speak eloquently of 
the man of action and accomplishment. 
\\'ith such a man friendships are strong 
and ties once formed are not easily 
broken. 

Mr. Hagan married, March 3, 1901, 
at Martinsburg, West Virginia, Alice, 
daughter of William J. and Emma E. 
(Pownell) Harrison, of Pittsburgh. Mr. 
Harrison, who died in April, 1902, was 
engaged in educational work. ]\Irs. 
Hagan, who is, like her husband, a mem- 
ber of the United Presbyterian church, is 
charmingly domestic, existing in and for 
her home and its ties and duties. It is 
needless to say that Mr. Hagan shares 
and reciprocates this devotion and their 
household is a centre of happiness to 
themselves and their friends. 

It is to her business men of the younger 
generation that Pittsburgh looks to de- 
velop increasingly those immense natural 
resources and ever-multiplying mechan- 

517 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ical marvels which are at once the founda- 
tion and the citadel of her greatness and 
thus to make the next quarter of a cen- 
tury the most glorious in her history. 
She will not look in vain while she num- 
bers among her citizens such men as 
George Junkin Hagan. 

(The Junkin Line). 

Joseph Junkin is the first ancestor of 
record, but no details in regard to him 
seem to have been transmitted. His son, 
Joseph, was a merchant and a dealer in 
oil, and married Eleanor Cochran. 

David X., son of Joseph and Eleanor 
(Cochran) Junkin, was born January 8, 
1808, at Hope Mills, Mercer county, 
Pennsylvania, and received his education 
at the Mercersburg Academy, Jefiferson 
College and Princeton Theological Semi- 
nary. He was ordained to the ministry 
of the Presbyterian church, and was pas- 
tor of a church at Greenwich, New Jer- 
sey, the F Street Church. Washington, 
D. C, and the North Church at HoUidays- 
burg, Pennsylvania, also of churches at 
Chicago, and New Castle, Pennsylvania, 
and for some time served as chaplain in 
the United States navy, being stationed 
at Annapolis, Maryland, and at the New 
York navy yard, and spending some time 
at sea during the Civil War. At one time 
he held a professorship in Lafayette Col- 
lege. In politics Dr. Junkin was first an 
old-line W'hig and afterward a Democrat, 
but always a loyal citizen of the United 
States. He was strongly opposed to all 
secret societies, setting forth his views 
in a book entitled "Junkin on the Oath." 
Dr. Junkin married Jane AlcCleery (see 
McCleery), and their children were: 
Mary Eleanor, mentioned below ; Julia 
Miller ; George ; William McCleery ; John 
McCleery ; Sarah Watson ; and Joseph 
Oliver. Dr. Junkin died at Alartinsburg, 
West Virginia. 

Mary Eleanor, daughter of David X. 



and Jane (McCleery) Junkin, was born 
February 7, 1836, and married (first) 
John Gardner Mitchell, of the United 
States navy. They became the parents 
of one daughter : Julia, who married Ed- 
ward E. Erikson, of Pittsburgh, and has 
four children : Edward E., David J., Fred- 
erick Emil, and Mary Eleanor, wife of 
Collin Reed, of Washington, Pennsyl- 
vania. Captain Mitchell died October 27, 
1868, and Airs. Mitchell married (second) 
George C. Hagan, as stated above. 

(The McCleery Line). 

McCleery, the first ancestor of 

record, was an officer in the English 
army, and died in Canada before the Rev- 
olutionary war. 

John, son of the above McCleery, mar- 
ried Mary, daughter of John and Janet 
(Morrison) Lytle. 

Janet, daughter of John and Alary 
(Lytle) McCleery, was born February g, 
1809, and became the wife of the Rev. 
David X. Junkin, D. D. (see Junkin). 



VON SENDEN, Karl Strong, 

Prominent Business Man. 

Prominent among the young men of 
Pittsburgh now taking their places on 
the stage of affairs is Karl Strong von 
Senden, secretary and director of the well 
known Arthur von Senden Company. 
The grandfather of Karl Strong von Sen- 
den, was a native of Germany, and mar- 
ried. It does not appear that he and his 
wife ever left the Fatherland. Their son 
Arthur was born July 16, 1845, iri Ger- 
many, and received his education in his 
native land. He emigrated to the United 
States, settling in Pittsburgh, where he 
founded the Arthur von Senden Com- 
pany, of which he is now the head. He 
is a Republican in politics, and takes an 
active part in the business and social life 
of the city. He is a member of Point 
Breeze Presbyterian Church. Air. von 



1515 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Senden married Sarah Drake Strong, 
whose ancestral record is appended to 
this biography, and their children were : 
Karl Strong, mentioned below ; Boyd 
Vincent ; and Margaret Louise, who died 
at the age of seventeen years. 

Karl Strong von Senden, son of Arthur 
and Sarah Drake (Strong) von Senden, 
was born September 4, 1884, in Erie 
county, Pennsylvania, and received his 
elementary education in Pittsburgh pub- 
lic schools, passing thence to the East 
Liberty Academy and then entering the 
University of Pittsburgh. He began his 
active life by associating himself with the 
business founded by his father, and from 
the outset gave proof of the possession 
of administrative ability. He is now sec- 
retary and a director of the company. 
The business is large and flourishing, fur- 
nishing all kinds of artistic advertising 
and advertising novelties. 

In the promotion of many associations 
which have done much for his city, he 
has rendered effectual aid and he is one 
of the active promoters of the Pittsburgh 
Trade Extension Tours. Every year 
these are taken by Pittsburgh business 
men to different parts of Pennsylvania 
and the neighboring States, their object 
being to further the manufactures of the 
Iron City, and in this they have been ex- 
tremely successful. 

As a citizen, Mr. von Senden is no less 
aggressive than as a business man, doing 
all in his power to further progress and 
promote betterment of conditions. His 
vote is cast with the Republicans. He is 
a member of the Chamber of Commerce. 
He affiliates with all Masonic bodies, and 
has taken the thirty-second degree. His 
clubs are the Pittsburgh Commercial, of 
which he is a director; the Americus, 
Union and Rotary ; and he also belongs 
to the Publicity Association and the Pitts- 
burgh Athletic Association. He is a 

PA-5 



member of Point Breeze Presbyterian 
Church. 

Mr. von Senden married, February 9, 
1910, Elizabeth Prince, daughter of the 
late George Booth, of Pittsburgh. Mr. 
and Mrs. von Senden are the parents of 
two children : Elizabeth J., and Sarah 
Strong. Mrs. von Senden is a woman of 
charming personality and she and her 
husband, devoted to each other and to 
their children, delight to make their home 
a centre of attraction to their many 
friends. 

(The Strong Line). 

The Strong family had its original 
home in Shropshire, England. In 1545 
one of its representatives married an 
heiress of the house of Griffith, of the 
county of Caernarvon, Wales, and went 
thither to reside. 

Richard Strong, progenitor of the 
American branch of the family, was born 
in 1561, in Caernarvon, and in 1590 moved 
to Taunton, Somersetshire, England, 
where he died in 1613, leaving two chil- 
dren : John, mentioned below ; and Elea- 
nor. 

(II) John, son of Richard Strong, was 
born in 1605, i" Taunton, England, and 
lived in London and afterward in Plym- 
outh. Having strong Puritan sympathies, 
he resolved to cast in his lot with his 
])rethren in the New World, and accord- 
ingly embarked in the ship "Mary and 
John," which sailed from Plymouth on 
March 20, 1630, carrying one hundred and 
forty passengers. On Sunday, May 30, 
1630, the vessel arrived at Nantasket, 
Massachusetts, where they were put 
ashore by the captain despite the fact that 
their destination was the Charles river. 
It was this colony which founded the 
town of Dorchester, Massachusetts. In 
1635 John Strong moved to Hingham and 
on March 9, 1636, took the freeman's oath 
at Boston. Soon after he moved to Taun- 



1519 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ton, Massachusetts, where he was a land- 
owner and proprietor of record on De- 
cember 4, 1638, and in the same year was 
made a freeman of Plymouth colony. In 
1641-43 and 1644 he represented Taunton 
in the General Court. From Taunton he 
moved to Windsor, Connecticut, and 
from Windsor he migrated in 1659 to 
Northampton, Massachusetts, being one 
of the first and most active founders of 
that town, as he had been of those in 
which he had formerly lived. In North- 
ampton he was a very prosperous tanner, 
owning at various times about two hun- 
dred acres of land there. He was elected 
ruling elder of the Northampton church, 
as appears from the following record : 
"After solemn and extraordinary seeking 
to God for his direction and blessing the 
church chose John Strong ruling elder." 
The first wife of John Strong died on the 
voyage from England or shortly after, 
her death being soon followed by that of 
her second child. John Strong married 
(second) in December, 1630, Abigail, 
daughter of Thomas Ford, who had come 
from England in the "Mary and John." 
By his second marriage John Strong be- 
came the father of sixteen children. He 
died April 14, 1699, his wife having passed 
away July 6, 168S. x\t the time of his 
death fifteen of his children had families. 
their children numbering one hundred 
and fourteen, and these had thirty-three 
children, great-grandchildren of Elder 
John Strong. 

(Ill) John (2), son of John (i) Strong 
and his first wife, was born in 1626, in 
England, and was a tanner and a man of 
importance. He married (first) Novem- 
ber 26, 1656, Mary, daughter of Joseph 
and Frances Clark, and they had two 
daughters, Mary and Hannah. The 
mother of these children died April 28, 
1663, and John Strong married (second) 
in 1664, Elizabeth Warriner, and their 
children were : John ; Tacob, mentioned 



below; Josiah ; and Elizabeth. John 
Strong died February 20, 1698, in Wind- 
sor, Connecticut. 

(IV) Jacob, son of John (2) and Eliz- 
abeth (Warriner) Strong, was born April 

8, 1073, and married, November 10, 1698, 
Abigail, born JNIarch 9, 1676, daughter of 
Nathaniel and Mindwell (Moore) Bissell, 
of East Windsor, Connecticut. Their 
children were: Abigail, Mindwell, Jacob, 
Ann, Eunice; Nathaniel, known as "ser- 
geant;" Asahel ; and Timothy, mentioned 
below. Jacob Strong, the father, died in 
1750, not long surviving his wife, who 
passed away March 25, 1749. 

(V) Timothy, son of Jacob and Abi- 
gail (Bissell) Strong, was born in 1719, 
and was a farmer of East Windsor, Con- 
necticut. He married (first) December 
26, 1753, Sarah Stricklin, born in 1724, 
and their children were : Alexander ; Eli ; 
Sarah ; Samuel ; and David. Mrs. Stron'g 
died May 13, 1769, and Mr. Strong mar- 
ried (second) March 7, 1770, Abi Doudy, 
born in 1742. The following children 
were born to them ; IMartin, mentioned 
below; Timothy; Abi; Timothy (2), 
Levi, and ^^'illard. The mother of these 
children died January 14, 1792, and Mr. 
Strong married (third) December 8, 1793. 
Editha Richestone. The only child of 
this union was a daughter, Betsey. Mr. 
Strong died August 19, 1803. 

(VI) Martin, son of Timothy and Abi 
( Doudy) Strong, was born November 20, 
1770, in East Windsor, Connecticut, and 
in August. 1795, moved to Presque Isle 
(Erie), Erie county. Pennsylvania. He 
purchased four hundred acres of land for 
fifty cents an acre, and three hundred of 
these acres he cleared, also adding two 
hundred to the original area. He mar- 
ried, June 16. 1805. Hannah, born August 

9. 1786, daughter of Rufus and Hannah 
(Tracy) Trask. and their only child, 
Eliza, died at the age of seventeen years. 
Mrs. Strong died April 30. 1807, and Mr. 

;20 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Strong married (second) December lo, 
1811, Sarah, born September 10, 1778, at 
East Windsor, Connecticut, daughter of 

Amasa and (Webb) Drake, and their 

children were : Sarah Ann, born Septem- 
ber 24, 1812; Francis Drake, mentioned 
below; Martin, a farmer and extensive 
cattle dealer, known as "major ;" Timothy, 
died young; Lydia Webb, born Septem- 
ber 26, 1818, married Thomas Brown Vin- 
cent, a merchant of Erie, Pennsylvania, 
sheriff of Erie county and manufacturers' 
agent ; and Landaff, born December 30, 
1821, died July 13, 1869. Sarah Ann 
Strong, the eldest of the family, married, 
June 24, 1834, Bethuel Boyd Vincent, a 
civil engineer, merchant, iron manufac- 
turer and banker of Erie, Pennsylvania, 
and their eldest son, Brigadier-General 
Strong Vincent, fell mortally wounded at 
Gettysburg, July 2, 1863, breathing his 
last on July 7. Martin Strong, the father, 
known as "captain," died March 24, 1858, 
in Erie county. He was a man of great 
energy, remarkable for many excellencies 
and also for striking eccentricities. He 
was one of the founders of St. Peter's 
Protestant Episcopal Church. Mrs. Strong 
survived her husband, passing away Jan- 
uary 15, 1866. 

(VII) Francis Drake, son of Martin 
and Sarah (Drake) Strong, was born 
April 4, 1S14, on the homestead farm, 
Waterford township, Erie county, Penn- 
sylvania, received a good education and 
always resided on his ancestral acres. He 
was a Democrat in politics and a loyal 
friend of St. Peter's Protestant Episcopal 
Church. Mr. Strong married. October 
13, 1846, Annabel B., born July 3, 1823, 
in Waterford, daughter of William and 
Elsie (Nichols) Vincent, and their chil- 
dren were: Emma, born November 25, 
1847, Jessie, born August 6, 1849, mar- 
ried Jason P. Way, and died July 5, 1904, 
leaving two children, Annabel and Scott; 
William Martin, born October 31, 1851 ; 

T5^ 



Margaret Webb, born February 8, 1855; 
Sarah Drake, mentioned below ; Frank, 
born April 4, 1861, of Pioneer, Iowa; and 
George Vincent. All these children were 
born on the homestead which Mr. Strong 
made not only a very productive property 
but a favorite resort of his many friends. 
His death occurred in May, 1891. He 
was a man of fine judgment and high 
principle and at his beautiful country 
home was the ideal host and agreeable 
companion. Mrs. Strong passed away 
February 10, 1910, continuing her home 
to the last and dying on the farm where 
she had lived more than sixty-three years. 
She vied with her husband in hospitality 
and it might truly be said that 

Xone knew her but to love her. 
None named her but to praise. 

(VIII) Sarah Drake, daughter of Fran- 
cis Drake and Annabel B. (Vincent) 
Strong, was born May 29, 1857, and be- 
came the wife of Arthur von Senden, as 
stated above. 



BIALAS, Joseph H., 

Lawyer, Corporation Connsel. 

Prominent in that brilliant group of 
Pittsburgh lawyers of the younger gener- 
ation who may be said to have come in 
with the century is Joseph Henry Bialas, 
who has won distinction as a corporation 
counsel and a practitioner in the Orphans' 
Court. In addition to his reputation as a 
member of the bar Mr. Bialas is well 
known as a man of sound business judg- 
ment. 

Roman Felix Bialas, father of Joseph 
Henry Bialas, was born January 13, 1850, 
in Germany, and at the age of twelve 
years emigrated to the United States, set- 
tling in Pittsburgh, where he received his 
education in the school of experience. 
For some years he was employed in the 
florist's establishment of William and 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



James Murdoch, and subsequently en- 
gaged in the flour and teed business, con- 
ducting a flourishing trade until 1896. 
Mr. Bialas, meanwhile, speculated largely 
in real estate and is entitled to the honor 
of being the first man to erect flats in the 
city of Pittsburgh. His transactions as a 
builder were extensive and by dint of 
intense and steady application and wise 
and careful appropriation of results he 
was enabled to retire in 1896 with a com- 
fortable fortune. He is a Democrat and 
a member of the Roman Catholic church. 
Mr. Bialas married Magdalena, daughter 
of Henry and Margaret (Heyl) Schnel- 
bach, both of German extraction, and 
they became the parents of three chil- 
dren: Joseph Henry, mentioned below; 
May A. ; and Albert. 

Joseph Henry, son of Roman Felix and 
Magdalena (Schnelbach) Bialas, was 
born September 10, 1880, in Pittsburgh, 
and received his preparatory education 
in the public and high schools of his 
native city. In 1900 he entered the Law 
Department of the Western University of 
Pennsylvania (now the University of 
Pittsburgh), and in 1903 graduated with 
the degree of Bachelor of Laws. On Jan- 
uary 2, 1904, he was admitted to the bar. 
Entering at once upon the practice of his 
profession, Mr. Bialas was for a time 
associated with the firm of R. A. & James 
Balph, and then, in connection with A. M. 
Kossler, organized the firm of Bialas & 
Kossler, which was maintained until dis- 
solved by the death of Mr. Kossler in 
1907. Since then Mr. Bialas has practiced 
alone, making a specialty of corporation 
law and Orphans' Court law, and being 
regarded as an authority in this branch 
of the profession. He is counsel for a 
number of large corporations and estates, 
practicing in all courts and having ac- 
quired an extensive and growing clien- 
tele. 

Unremitting as is his devotion to his 



chosen profession Mr. Bialas, owing to 
his unusual facility in the dispatch of 
business and his unwearied energy, is 
able to bestow time and attention on a 
number of outside interests. He is a 
director of the East End Savings and 
Trust Company, the Caldwell Manufac- 
turing and Supply Company, the Stand- 
ard Mirror Company, the Joyce Catering 
Company, the Herman Pneumatic Ma- 
chine Company, the American Flexible 
Bolt Company and others. His political 
principles are advocated by the Repub- 
lican party and he supports with public- 
spirited zeal all measures which commend 
themselves to him as adapted to further 
the cause of progress and reform. His 
clubs are the German, of which he is a di- 
rector, the Duquesne and the Press, and he 
also belongs to the Pittsburgh Athletic As- 
sociation and Duquesne Council, Knights 
of Columbus. He is a Roman Catholic, 
a member of St. Paul's Cathedral congre- 
gation. 

The countenance of Mr. Bialas is singu- 
larly expressive of the elements of char- 
acter which have gone to the shaping of 
his career. The fine lines of the nose and 
mouth are indicative alike of strength and 
refinement, the broad forehead is the 
abode of intellect and the large, clear eyes 
speak of the calm forcefulness which 
makes its way without unnecessary fric- 
tion through difficulties which would 
daunt a weaker man, quietly achieving 
real and permanent results. Already he 
is looked upon as a man of profound legal 
knowledge, knowledge which is trans- 
lated, so to speak, into action, becoming 
apparent in the skill with which he dis- 
poses of matters presented for his con- 
sideration. He is emphatically a man 
who makes and holds friends. An ex- 
pression of cordial good will softens his 
whole aspect and the kindliness of his 
nature makes itself felt in the quiet 
geniality of his manner. 
522 








i^7o9/'rr^: 



T^a^'^'^^C 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Mr. Bialas married, April 30, 1906, 
Adele, daughter of Julian and Katherine 
D. (Skeen) Bixby, of New York, and 
granddaughter of William and Katherine 
Skeen and of Brooks Earl and Lucy Ann 
Bixby. Mrs. Bialas is a woman of charm- 
ing personality and she and her husband 
are mutually devoted to the ties of home 
and friendship. They are both extremely 
popular in the social circles of Pittsburgh. 

Mr. Bialas is one of the men who do 
things. He is also one of the men who 
think far ahead and achieve results in ac- 
cordance with their foreknowledge. His 
face is always set toward the future and 
the future holds much in store for him. 
The strength of the Pittsburgh bar in the 
years to come depends largely on such 
men as Joseph Henry Bialas. 



WORTHINGTON, John, 

Civil and Mining Engineer, Oil Operator. 

For nearly half a century the name of 
John Worthington has been associated 
with the petroleum industry, having been 
officially connected with the development 
of a large portion of the oil region of 
Pennsylvania. Mr. Worthington has 
now been for a considerable period a resi- 
dent of Pittsburgh, but his record is that 
of a series of long, varied and most richly 
fruitful activities and achievements. The 
race of the Worthingtons is Welsh, and 
the family history is ancient and honor- 
able. The arms of the Worthington fam- 
ily are blazoned : Argent, three tridents, 
sable. Crest: A goat passant, argent, 
holding in his mouth an oak branch, vert, 
fructed, or. Motto : "The winds and the 
waves obey us." 

John Worthington was born March 14. 
1848, in South Wales, and is a son of Ed- 
ward and Ann (Rees) Worthington. 
When the boy was four years old his 
parents emigrated to the United States, 
settling at Brady's Bend, Pennsylvania, 

I 



where the father was employed by the 
Brady's Bend Iron Company. John 
Worthington was educated in the public 
schools of the place. He began his active 
life by working for the company with 
which his father was connected, rising 
step by step and eventually holding the 
positions of civil and mining engineer. 

That was the time when oil develop- 
ments were making their way down the 
Allegheny river, and the Iron Company 
became interested in the possibilities of 
their lands in that region. x\ccordingly, 
in 1872, they dispatched Mr. Worthing- 
ton, who had even then acquired a repu- 
tation as an engineer, to Oil City, with 
orders to run a line of levels from that 
place to lirady's Bend, taking in on the 
way the considerable intervening amount 
of oil development. Somewhat later the 
work was extended from Brady's Bend 
to the newly developed oil fields in Butler 
county. The object was to secure con- 
clusive evidence that the sand from which 
the oil was produced at Brady's Bend and 
on Armstrong Run was eighty feet be- 
low the formation from which the Butler 
county wells procured their oil, and that 
the latter were getting their oil from the 
third sand of the Oil Creek region. In 
other words, Mr. Worthington clearly 
demonstrated the fact that there was a 
fourth sand in that part of the country. 
It was a noteworthy achievement, imme- 
diately and permanently fixing the place 
of the young engineer in the history of 
the oil industry of Pennsylvania. Had 
this knowledge been acted upon at once 
the famous fourth sand belt from Arm- 
strong Run to Greece City would have 
been developed some time before its acci- 
dental discovery at the deepening of the 
Tack and Moorehead well. 

In the autumn of 1872 Mr. Worthing- 
ton resigned his position with the Iron 
Company in order to accept that of super- 
intendent of the Meclimans Farm Oil 



523 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Company. When this concern disposed 
of its holdings he became cashier for the 
Parker's Landing Savings Bank, inter- 
rupting for a time his career as an oil 
operator. In 1880, however, in conse- 
quence of failing health, he resolved to 
revolutionize his mode of life, and v^rith 
that end in view went west as far as Colo- 
rado, settling in San Juan county and en- 
gaging in the mining business. Amid his 
new surroundings his ever-active public 
spirit did not fail to assert itself and a 
striking proof of the confidence and 
esteem in which he was held by his West- 
ern neighbors is furnished by the fact 
they chose him for mayor of the city of 
Ouray. Colorado. 

After six years, however, Mr. Worth- 
ington experienced a desire for familiar 
surroundings and a wish to find himself 
once more in the region which had been 
the theatre of so many of his successes, 
and, turning his face homeward, he was 
soon in the oil country of his home State. 
For seventeen months he engaged in the 
brokerage business, and then, in associa- 
tion with William Thompson, a director 
of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, 
he organized the Nineveh Petroleum 
Company, becoming its first manager. 
Back again in his old field, he rapidly as- 
sumed the commanding position to which 
his long experience, practical knowledge 
and sound business judgment entitled 
him. In June, 1889, he was chosen super- 
intendent of the newly organized South 
Penn Oil Company, and under his capa- 
ble administration the concern partici- 
pated in the development of the immense 
oil and gas resources of West Virginia. 
Later he was promoted and remained at 
his post on the firing line, as cool, clear- 
headed, far-sighted and wisely aggressive 
as ever was general on the field of battle. 

During the period of his connection 
with the Standard Oil Company, Mr. 



Worthington travelled very extensively, 
representing the company in their differ- 
ent territories and prospecting for new 
oil fields, and in thus developing a great 
industry of modern civilization he en- 
countered adventures almost as wonder- 
ful as those which fell to the lot of the 
heroes and knights errant of old. He has 
visited every State and territory in the 
Union, going as far north as Canada and 
Alaska. No fewer than sixteen times has 
he been to Mexico and with every coun- 
try of Central America he has made him- 
self familiar. Through Ecuador, Brazil 
and Venezuela has he journeyed, sailing 
on the Amazon and Orinoco rivers, and 
with the West Indies he is thoroughly ac- 
quainted. But these islands and the con- 
tinent of South America have not marked 
the limits of his wanderings. He has 
crossed the sea and sojourned in all the 
countries of Europe with the exception 
of three or four. The oil fields of Rou- 
mania and Russia have claimed his spe- 
cial attention and he was frequently taken 
from place to place in Russian droskys, 
with escorts of mounted Cossacks. In 
contrast to his journeys through the 
snow-bound dominions of the Czar were 
those made under the burning suns of the 
Orient, on camels and elephants, escorted 
by companies of Turkish soldiers. Twice 
he has crossed Mount Ararat, descending 
through the valley of the Euphrates and 
traversing that land of poetry, Persia. 

Since the dissolution of the Standard 
Oil Company, Mr. Worthington has been 
connected with the Standard Oil Com- 
pany of New Jersey. He is a director of 
the Union National Bank of Pittsburgh. 
Assiduous as he is in business affairs Mr. 
Worthington is never lacking in generous 
interest in the welfare of his fellow-citi- 
zens. He adheres to the Republican 
party, always giving his vote and influ- 
ence to such men and measures as he 



1524 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



deems best calculated to promote better- 
ment of conditions and further municipal 
reform. His clubs are the Pittsburgh, 
Duquesne, Pittsburgh Press, Hampshire 
and St. David's of Pittsburgh and he also 
belongs to the Pittsburgh Athletic Asso- 
ciation. He attends the Presbyterian 
church. 

Clearly-cut features emphasized by a 
moustache, dark eyes of intense thought- 
fulness and piercing keenness and a bear- 
ing and aspect which at once mark him 
as the successful man of affairs — this is 
John Worth ington as he appears even to 
strangers and to casual observers. To 
those who know him well his exterior is 
an index to the qualities which make him 
what he is — resourcefulness, tenacity of 
purj)ose. quiet aggressiveness and, above 
all, integrity which was never questioned 
and fidelity which has always been above 
suspicion. 

Mr. Worthington married, ]\Iarch 25, 
1880, Mary E., daughter of Thomas and 
Adaline (Aull) McCleary, of Fairview, 
Butler county, Pennsylvania, and they 
were the parents of Mary, who married 
W. Terrell Johnson, president of the 
Johnson .Sales Company of Pittsburgh ; 
they have two children : Marv Louise 
Johnson and John Worthington Johnson. 
The home of Mr. and Mrs. Worthington 
is in the Squirrel Hill district and is a 
centre of hospitality for their many 
warmly attached friends. 

No race has done more for the accom- 
plishment of the industrial supremacy of 
Pennsylvania than the natives of the his- 
toric principality which forms part of the 
island of Great Britain. In view of the 
important part which he has played in the 
development of the petroleum industry. 
Mr. Worthington has abundantly proved 
his right to the titles of a true Welshman 
and a representative oil operator of the 
Commonwealth of Pennsvlvania. 



COOPER, Henry, 

Leading Oil Operator, liegislator. 

Ex-State Senator Henry Cooper is one 
of the comparatively few men who can 
place an honorable record of public serv- 
ice side by side with a narrative of un- 
blemished success in the world of busi- 
ness. Mr. Cooper has been thus far a 
lifelong resident of his native city, and in 
his work both as legislator and oil pro- 
ducer has ever been moved by a public- 
spirited desire to serve her best interests. 

Philip Cooper, great-great-grandfather 
of Henry Cooper, was a native of Ger- 
many, and at the age of four years was 
brought to the American colonies. His 
home was in Alonmouth county. New Jer- 
sey, nine miles from the old battle ground. 
He married, and was the father of the fol- 
lowing children : Gasper, educated in 
Europe, became a teacher in New Jersey 
accepted a commission in the Revolution- 
ar}' army and died in New Jersey ; David, 
mentioned below ; a daughter, who became 
(he wife of a Tory and removed to Can- 
ada ; and Jacob, who was decoyed from 
home at the age of fifteen and served 
three years in the British army. He was 
wounded and taken prisoner at the battle 
of Trenton, and after several months' con- 
finement was sent home, where he re- 
mained until after the war. He became 
an iron manufacturer, and while superin- 
tendent of TurnbuU's work in Pennsyl- 
vania was thrown from a horse and killed. 
Philip Cooper, the father, died in 1798, 
at the age of ninety-four. 

(IJ) David, son of Philip Cooper, re- 
moved in 1796 to Williamsport, and two 
years later went to Chippewa township. 
Beaver county, Pennsylvania, where he 
engaged in farming, and after a time mi- 
grated to Ohio. He married, and among 
his six children was Philip, mentioned be- 
low. Mrs. Cooper died during their resi- 
dence in Chippewa township, and the 

525 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



death of Mr. Cooper occurred in 1809, 
near Ashtabula, Ohio. 

(Illj Philip (2), son of David Cooper, 
was born May 30, 1792, in New Jersey, 
and learned the carpenter's trade, which 
he followed for many years. In 1841 he 
returned to Beaver county and became a 
farmer. He married Elizabeth Hamilton, 
born May 2, 1800, daughter of Joseph 
Hamilton, and among the nine children 
born to them was John F"., mentioned be- 
low. Mr. Cooper died July 7, 1877, and 
his widow passed away May 7, 1884. 

(IV) John F., son of Philip (2) and 
Elizabeth (Hamilton) Cooper, was born 
September 25, 1822, in East Liverpool, 
Ohio, and enjoyed only such educational 
facilities as were then afforded by the 
public schools of his native state and 
Pennsylvania. These were far from satis- 
fying a youth of his natural mental abil- 
ity and desire for knowledge and after 
leaving school he still pursued his studies. 
In 1843 he engaged in teaching, without 
however relaxing his diligence, in conse- 
quence of which, at the end of two years, 
ill health obliged him to abandon his 
studies. But he was not to be discour- 
aged. After three years he returned to 
his books, devoting himself then to the 
study of medicine under the guidance of 
Dr. C. Bayer, of Allegheny City (now 
North Side, Pittsburgh), and graduated 
from the Homoeopathic Medical College 
of Pennsylvania (afterward Hahnemann 
Medical College), class of 1853. Among 
his classmates were Professor Helmuth 
and other men who later became distin- 
guished. For two years after graduating. 
Dr. Cooper remained with his preceptor, 
and then opened an office in Allegheny 
City. From that period to the close of 
his life he was continuously engaged in 
active practice. He was appointed by 
Governor Hastings a member of the first 
State Medical Examining Board of Penn- 
svlvania, and continued to serve to the 



close of his life. He belonged to the 
American Institute of Homoeopathy, the 
Humceopathic Aledical Society of Penn- 
sylvania, the Allegheny County Homceo- 
paihic jNIedical Society and the Allegheny 
County Anatomical Society. In 1866 Dr. 
Cooper purchased a farm of four hundred 
and twenty-five acres in Hopewell town- 
ship, Beaver county, Pennsylvania, and 
on this land large quantities of gas were 
discovered. In politics he was a Repub- 
lican. He was an active member of the 
Union Avenue Methodist Protestant 
Church of Allegheny and for years served 
as the instructor of the Bible class. 

The personality and appearance of Dr. 
Cooper are too well remembered to need 
a description here. The face, the voice 
and the cordial hand-clasp of the loved 
and venerated physician and friend are 
among the most precious recollections of 
three generations. 

Dr. Cooper married, April 4, 1844, 
Sarah, daughter of John and ^Margaret 
( Davis j Johnson, of Beaver county, Penn- 
sylvania, and their children were : Mar- 
garet Elizabeth, deceased ; Philip, of Phil- 
adelphia ; Henry, mentioned below; John. 
a physician of North Side, Pittsburgh ; 
George, of Beaver county, Pennsylvania ; 
William, of Denver, Colorado; and Sid- 
ney W., of Pittsburgh. Mrs. Cooper was 
a member of the church to which her hus- 
band belonged and, like him, took an 
active share in its work. Their union 
was congenial and theirs was a truly 
happy home. 

On August 19, 1899, this noble man 
passed away, deeply and sincerely mourn- 
ed by the entire community. He was one 
of the pioneer members of the homoeo- 
pathic school in Pittslnirgh and was the 
leading physician of that city and Alle- 
gheny county. His wife had passed away 
about two years before. Among the 
many tributes offered to the life and work 
of Dr. Cooper was the following : 



;52e 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



He was a devotee to his profession and prac- 
tically died in the harness. There was probably 
no physician in the two cities who was more 
widely known than Dr. Cooper. There was none 
in any school of the medical profession that 
stood higher or was more greatly esteemed. In 
the homoeopathic branch he was recognized as 
a leading light, not only in the community where 
he practised, but throughout the state and 
country. He helped to found the Homoeopathic 
Hospital of Pittsburgh, and remained connected 
with that institution as a member of the board 
of trustees and as consulting physician. He was 
foremost in the organization of the Allegheny 
County Homoeopathic Society, and was presi- 
dent of it at one time. About fifteen years ago 
he was president of the State Homoeopathic 
Society, and was its treasurer at the time of his 
death. He was also a member of the American 
Institute of Homoeopathy, composed of the 
most prominent physicians and medical special- 
ists in the country. He was a valued contrib- 
utor to the leading medical journals. 

Truly, Dr. Cooper died as he deserved 
to die — "full of years and of honors." 

(V) Henry, son of John F. and Sarah 
(Johnson) Cooper, was born December 
12, 1848, in Allegheny City, Pennsylvania, 
and received his preparatory education in 
public schools of the Third w^ard and in 
private schools, afterMrard taking a course 
at Dufif's Business College. He then 
spent four years in learning the machin- 
ist's trade, serving virith Andrew Hartu- 
pee and with the firm of /Armstrong & 
Andrev,^ in Allegheny City, and acquir- 
ing a thorough knowledge of the trade. 
Agriculture, however, appealed to him 
more strongly and he settled on a farm 
in Beaver county, where he spent twenty 
years. During this long period it was not 
agriculture alone which claimed Mr. 
Cooper's attention. Gas had been dis- 
covered on his farm in large quantities 
and he was not the man to let slip a 
golden opportunity. Essentially enter- 
prising and endowed with the faculty of 
seeing far ahead, he began, in August, 
1883, to develop his resources, and since 



then has been actively engaged in the 
production of oil. His aggressive energy 
lent vitality to the movement which was 
then in its infancy and he is entitled to 
the distinction of having helped to make 
out the first oil lease in Hopewell town- 
ship, Beaver county, Pennsylvania. He 
is a member of the Raccoon Oil Com- 
pany, and a director of the Bellevue 
Realty Savings and Trust Company and 
the Colonial Land Company. 

In the sphere of politics, Air. Cooper 
maintains the tradition of his family by 
adhering to the Republicans and has for 
many years been active and influential in 
public affairs. \\'hile living on his farm 
he served for three years as auditor of 
Beaver county, and on moving to Alle- 
gheny became school director of the First 
ward. Later he migrated to his present 
home in Bellevue and in 1904 was elected 
a member of the council, serving until 

1909. But his fellow citizens had the dis- 
cernment to see that Mr. Cooper's talent 
for afifairs required a larger field for its 
full exercise and demanded that he serve 
them in the State Senate. In November, 

1910, he was elected, and during the ses- 
sion of 191 1 made a record most credit- 
able to himself and beneficial to his con- 
stituents. In view of his having for so 
many years led the life of a farmer, it was 
a surprise to a large part of the commun- 
ity that he was not made a member of 
the committee on agriculture. It is, how- 
ever, beyond contradiction, that the num- 
ber of committees on which he was ap- 
pointed would have transcended the 
powers of an ordinary man and that he 
was kept unceasingly occupied. During 
his one term he served on the canals and 
inland navigation committee, the com- 
mittee on education, the new county and 
county seats committee, the committee 
on public printing and the committee on 
public supply of light, heat and water. 
When Senator Cooper was not busy in 

527 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the Senate chamber, he was present at a 
committee meeting, but, despite his many 
duties, never refused to see an occasional 
committee of workingmen who wanted 
something from the powers at Harris- 
burg. 

Since his retirement from public life. 
Mr. Cooper has been engaged in the pro- 
duction of oil, owning and operating large 
and valuable holdings, but not taking as 
active an interest as in former years. For 
a long period he has served on the board 
of the Homoeopathic Hospital. He is a 
member of the Pittsburgh Chamber of 
Commerce, and belongs to the Tariiif and 
IJellevue clubs. He is a member and 
trustee of the Bellevue Presbyterian 
Church and when the new edifice was 
erected served on the building committee. 

Strength of character and benevolence 
of disposition are reflected in Mr. Cooper's 
countenance and the gray hair and full 
gray beard bring out in striking relief the 
almost youthful energy stamped upon the 
well moulded features and speaking in 
the dark, penetrating eyes. He is a man 
who draws men to him, inspiring in equal 
measures profound respect and sincere 
affection 

Mr. Cooper married, November 23, 
1870, Sarah Jane, daughter of George and 
Eliza A. (Harper) Nevin, and grand- 
daughter of John and Margaret (Mur- 
ray) Nevin, who removed, in 1834, from 
Washington county to Beaver county. 
The Nevins constitute one of the old 
families of Western Pennsylvania. George 
Nevin was born August 9, 1807, and in 
183S went from Washington county to 
Beaver county, where he made his home 
in New Sheffield and as tanner, merchant 
and later farmer was one of the promi- 
nent men of his community. He died 
September 25, 1856. Mr. and Mrs. Cooper 
became the parents of the following chil- 
dren : Laura H., deceased; Roy Cum- 
mings ; Jean Nevin. wife of Edward A. 



Lawrence, a Pittsburgh lawyer, and 
mother of two children, Jean Cooper 
and Edward Hamlin ; and John F., de- 
ceased. Airs. Cooper, a woman of gra- 
cious personality, is an ideal helpmate 
for a man of her husband's type, one in 
whom the domestic affections are pecu- 
liarly strong and who is never so content 
as when surrounded by his friends at his 
own fireside. 

To his native city and county Mr. 
Cooper has given, both at the seat of 
government and in the arena of busi- 
ness, his best and most disinterested 
service, and in so doing has also served 
his state. His work will live by reason 
of its intrinsic value and its beneficent 
results and his record will form part of 
the history of Pennsylvania. 



MILLER, W. Wallace, 

Enterprising Business Man. 

There are perhaps comparatively few 
men who at the close of a successful and 
honorable business record of a third of a 
century are able to enter with unabated 
energy and enthusiasm upon the promo- 
tion of interests to which their hitherto 
strenuously busy life had allowed them 
to pay but casual attention. One of these 
exceptional men is William Wallace 
Miller, formerly president of the famous 
old firm known as the Arbuthnot- 
Stephenson Company, and now, having 
retired from the commercial arena, a 
leader in the philanthropic and religious 
work of his native city of Pittsburgh. 

George Miller, grandfather of William 
Wallace Miller, was of County Derry, 
Ireland, and married Alartha George. 

William George, son of George and 
Martha (George) Miller, was born in Jan- 
uary, 1828, in Count}^ Derry, Ireland, and 
received his education in his native land. 
In 1846 he emigrated to the United States, 
settling first in Philadelphia and finding 
528 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



employment on the Philadelphia & Wil- 
mington railroad. In 1S52 he came to 
Pittsburgh, where he obtained work as a 
drayman, transporting goods from the 
old canal to the rivers, where the goods 
from the east were shipped on boats for 
the southern trade. In 1858 he went to 
Seventy-Six, Beaver county, where he 
established himself in mercantile busi- 
ness, remaining until October, 1867, when 
he returned to Pittsburgh and engaged in 
the wholesale grocery business, with 
which he maintained a connection to the 
close of his life, the firm name being Wil- 
liam G. Miller & Sons. He was a Re- 
publican, and a member and trustee of 
the Second United Presbyterian Church 
of Pittsburgh. Mr. Miller married, March 
3, 1853, Mary, daughter of James and 
Jennie (^McAllister) Boyd, who came 
from County Antrim, Ireland, and their 
children were : John G., born January 
18, 1854, married, and died in April, 1897, 
leaving one son, William G., of Pitts- 
burgh, who is married and has two chil- 
dren : William and Marie ; James B.. born 
June 22, 1856, died in June, 1S75 ; William 
Wallace, mentioned below; Robert A., 
born July 29, i860, of Pittsburgh, is mar- 
ried and has three children : Clarence A., 
Marie, wife of Robert Sickenberger, of 
Pittsburgh, and mother of one child 
Helen, and Robert, student at Haverford 
College ; Martha, wife of George C. Boli, 
of Pittsburgh; Hugh G., born May i, 
1864. died in May, 1904; and Elizabeth 
M., died in very early infancy. The 
mother of these children passed away 
November 22. 1872, and her husband sur- 
vived her many years, his death occurring 
July 21, 1896. 

William Wallace Miller, son of Wil- 
liam George and Mary (Boyd) Miller, 
was born June 13, 1858, and received his 
education in the Franklin School of his 
native city and the commercial depart- 
ment of the Pittsburgh High School. 



Then, at the age of fifteen, he entered the 
service of Arbuthnot, Shannon & Com- 
pany, and with this house he remained 
uninterruptedly connected for a period of 
thirty-six years. Beginning as errand 
boy he soon proved himself to be one of 
those marked by nature for advancement. 
Business ability of a high order and strict 
fidelity to every obligation caused his 
steady and rapid promotion. In one very 
important particular ;\lr. Miller was of 
inestimable value to the business. Hav- 
ing a wonderful memory for names and 
laces, he was able to greet old customers 
by name even after a lapse of five years 
or more, and not only that, but he per- 
fectly remembered from what part of the 
state they had come. The advertising 
and circularizing of the firm was under 
his control, and embraced a territory of 
four States. In 1904 Mr. Miller was 
elected president of the company, and for 
five years he stood at the head of a con- 
cern which he had been largely instru- 
mental in making one of the most exten- 
sive dry goods houses in Pittsburgh. In 
1909 he resigned his position and retired 
from business. 

Only, however, to find in other fields 
exercise for his superabundant energy. 
He is vice-president and treasurer of the 
Standard Life Insurance Company and 
the American Sparkler Company, both of 
Pittsburgh, and treasurer of the Pitts- 
burgh Tile Manufacturing Company, of 
East Liverpool, Ohio. But other inter- 
ests claim the greater portion of his at- 
tention. Immediately after his retirement 
from the presidency of the Arbuthnot- 
Stephenson Company he became secre- 
tary of the Men's Movement of the United 
Presbyterian Church, with the under- 
standing that his tenure of the office was 
to be only temporary. He served in this 
position for over a year, until a secretary 
was secured. For twenty years he has 
been associated with its ways and means 

529 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



committee, and in 1913 he was induced to 
accept the treasurership of the Pittsburgh 
Theological Seminary of the United Pres- 
byterian Church of North America. In 
politics IMr. Miller is a Republican, with 
independent views, and has given evi- 
dence of his public spirit by serving for 
ten years as director of the Ben Avon 
schools and president of the board. He 
belongs to the Duquesne Club and the 
Ben Avon Country Club. 

The first glance at Mr. Miller's face 
would cause a stranger to exclaim, men- 
tally : "Here is a man who will never grow 
old !" The light gray hair and moustache 
do but emphasize the youthful vigor and 
vivacity stamped upon the features and 
speaking in the clear, candid eyes. It is 
the face of a man of aggressive tempera- 
ment, accustomed to accomplish what he 
undertakes, and it is also the face of a 
man of active benevolence, of genial dis- 
position and cordial ma-nners, winning 
friends easily and holding them ever after. 

Mr. Miller married, June 25, 1889, Ma- 
tilda, daughter of Van lUiren and Mary 
(McClure) Coulson. Mr. Coulson, who 
died in March, 1905, was a native of Eng- 
land and a farmer of Mercer county, Penn- 
sylvania. Mrs. Coulson is a daughter of 
Richard McClure, of Washington county, 
Pennsylvania, and later of Mercer county, 
a farmer and operator of lumber mills. 
Mr. and Mrs. Miller are the parents of one 
son: James Paul, born April 25, 1890, at- 
tended P«en Avon schools and in 191 1 
graduated from Bellefonte Academy, 
graduated from School of Economics, 
University of Pittsburgh, class of 1915, 
then entering business. Mr. and Mrs. 
Miller are lovers of home and "given to 
hospitality." They are members of the 
Ben Avon United Presbyterian Church, 
and Mrs. Miller, who is a charming 
woman and a gracious, tactful hostess, be- 
longs to the Ben Avon Women's Club 
and the Outlook Alliance. 



Mr. Miller is a man of large nature who 
has touched life at many points. The 
range of his interests and activities has 
been and is unusually wide and varied, 
but always has he been inspired by true 
public spirit and a sincere desire to pro- 
mote the welfare of his friends and neigh- 
bors, his fellow citizens and the great 
brotherhood of humanity. Such men are 
the crowning glory of their communities. 



HOLDSHIP, Henry, 

Pioneer Oil Operator, Enterprising Citizen. 

The name of the late Henry Holdship, 
head of the old-time firm of Holdship & 
Irwin, is known throughout Western 
Pennsylvania as that of one of her pio- 
neer oil operators, but to Pittsburghers 
it is invested with peculiar interest as 
that of a man who added to the reputa- 
tion won in the arena of business that of 
a loyal and enlightened citizen. Mr. Hold- 
ship was a representative of a family 
which had been for a century active in 
the promotion of the leading interests of 
the Iron City. 

Henry Holdship, grandfather of Henry 
Holdship, of Holdship & Irwin, was one 
of those largely instrumental in the up- 
building of Pittsburgh during the period 
immediately following the Revolution. 

George W., son of Henry Holdship, was 
a leading paper manufacturer, and for 
many years conducted a book store in 
Pittsburgh. In the great fire of 1845 his 
entire stock, including many rare volumes, 
fell a victim to the flames. Mr. Holdship 
married Eliza Ann Gibson Bryan, and 
their son Henry is mentioned below. The 
death of Mr. Holdship occurred April 2, 
1840. Both as a business man and a citi- 
zen he enjoyed the implicit confidence of 
his community. 

Henry, son of George W. and Eliza 
Ann Gibson (Bryan) Holdship, was born 
October 26, 1833, in Pittsburgh, and re- 

530 




/. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ceived his education in public and private 
schools of his native city. After spending 
some time in the school presided over by 
the Rev. Joseph Travelli he went to Law- 
renceville. New Jersey, and there com- 
pleted his course of study. He then be- 
gan his business life by learning banking 
with the firm of Palmer, Hanna & Com- 
pany, of Pittsburgh, and afterward, in 
association with his brother, Charles A. 
Holdship, opened a banking house in 
Decorah, Iowa. After the death of his 
brother in 1859, Air. Holdship returned to 
Pittsburgh and became secretary in the 
office of his cousin, Thomas M. Howe, 
who was associated with the Pittsburgh 
& Boston Mining Company. 

But in none of these varied occupations 
did he find the field best suited to his 
powers, and it was not until 1863 that his 
opportunity came. In that year, in con- 
nection with his brother, George W. 
Holdship, he enrolled himself among the 
oil pioneers of Newton, Pennsylvania, 
and entered upon a long, useful and ex- 
ceptionally successful career. It was not 
only that wealth flowed in upon him, but 
his knowledge of men and afifairs, his ag- 
gressive methods and his ability to look 
ahead and foresee results commanded the 
respect and admiration of the business 
world. In 1865 George W. Holdship died, 
and the firm was reorganized as Holdship 
& Irwin, Mr. Holdship taking into part- 
nership his brother-in-law, Louis Irwin. 
The connection was maintained until 
1886. when the condition of Mr. Hold- 
ship's health forced him to retire from 
active business. 

It was to the Republican party that Mr. 
Holdship accorded his political allegiance, 
but beyond voting for the men and meas- 
ures which he deemed best calculated to 
promote betterment of conditions and fur- 
ther the general welfare he did not 
actively interest himself in public afifairs. 
To charitable and philanthropic enter- 



prises he was ever ready to lend aid and 
support, nor did he neglect the social side 
of life, belonging to various clubs. He 
was a member of Christ Protestant Epis- 
copal Church. 

But there was yet another side to Mr. 
Holdship's character — he was an ardent 
lover and a generous patron of art, music 
and literature and his influence in these 
directions did much for the elevation of 
I'ittsburgh society. He was one of the 
incorporators of the Art Society of Pitts- 
burgh, one of the founders of the Pitts- 
burgh Orchestra and one of the chief pro- 
moters of the "May Festival," which was, 
at one time, a popular institution in the 
metropolis. 

The personal appearance of Air. Hold- 
ship was striking, giving the impression 
of a man of strong character and great 
tenacity of purpose, but also telling of 
the refinement of nature inseparable from 
cultivated tastes and traditional good 
breeding. Silvery hair crowned the finely 
shaped head, moustache and beard of the 
same hue emphasized the clearly cut fea- 
tures and the glance of the keen yet 
kindly eyes is still fresh in the remem- 
brance of the many friends of this much- 
loved man. 

Mr. Holdship married, October 3, i860, 
Maria, daughter of the late Henry and 
Elizabeth (Peterson) Irwin, of Allegheny, 
Pennsylvania, Mr. Irwin being a repre- 
sentative of one of the old families of the 
Keystone State. Mr. and Mrs. Holdship 
were the parents of the following chil- 
dren : Charles Frederick, of Pittsburgh ; 
George Irwin, of Pittsburgh ; and Alice, 
wife of the Rev. Edward Twitchell Ware 
and mother of two children, Alexander 
Holdship and Henry Holdship. Mr. 
Ware is president of Atlanta University. 
The domestic afifections were dominant 
in Mr. Holdship's character and his home 
was made delightful to him by the sym- 
pathetic companionship of his wife, a 

531 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



woman of many social graces, cultivated 
mind and much sweetness of disposition. 

The death of Air. Holdship, which oc- 
curred May II, 1897, was deeply de- 
plored as that of a man of high reputation 
in the business and financial world and a 
citizen of unquestioned public spirit. No 
man gave or inspired truer friendship and 
in every relation of life his example was 
one to be emulated. 

The impress which Air. Holdship has 
left upon Pittsburgh is twofold. In the 
sphere of business his influence is still 
felt as that of a pioneer of a great indus- 
try but no less does it survive in the realm 
of culture, in the broadening of those in- 
terests which help to develop the higher 
faculties. Such a man lives in his work 
long after he has ceased from earth. 



McLAIN, John W. J., 

Insurance Actuary. 

The name of John Westfall Johnson 
McLain, secretary and director of the 
Union Insurance Company of Pittsburgh, 
is familiar to his fellow citizens of two 
generations as that of one of the recog- 
nized authorities of the insurance world 
of the metropolis. Mr. McLain has ex- 
emplified in his career the sturdy and ag- 
gressive virtues of the stock from which 
he sprang — that honest, indomitable 
Scotch-Irish stock which, transplanted to 
Pennsylvania, has given to the Common- 
wealth many of her best and most useful 
citizens. 

Laughlin McLain, grandfather of John 
Westfall Johnson McLain, was born in 
1763, in Priestland, County Antrim, Ire- 
land, and about 1812 emigrated to the 
United States, settling first in Philadel- 
phia. After a few years he removed to 
Lancaster and in 1820 made his perma- 
nent home in Pittsburgh, where he was 
the proprietor of a tavern and a man of 
considerable prominence. He married, in 



Ireland, Margaret , and their son 

Benjamin is mentioned below. Laughlin 
AlcLain died in 1829, in Pittsburgh. 

Benjamin, son of Laughlin and Mar- 
garet McLain, was born February 23, 
1809, in Priestland, County Antrim, Ire- 
land, and was about three years old when 
brought by his parents to the United 
States. On reaching manhood he became 
a hatter and after some years engaged in 
the real estate business in which he con- 
tinued until shortly before his death. He 
married, January 31, 1832, Susan Story 
Johnson, whose ancestral record is ap- 
pended to this biography, and their chil- 
dren were: i. George Edwin, born No- 
vember 25, 1832, electrician of Pittsburgh, 
married Hannah, daughter of William 
Hough, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 
and died September 21, 1902, leaving chil- 
dren : Florence ; Lillian, wife of Knox 
Miller, of Pittsburgh; and William 
Hough, also of that city, married and has 
a daughter. 2. Harriet Newell, born May 
19, 1834, widow of William Rorah, of 
Pittsburgh, and mother of one child, Clif- 
ford McLain. 3. John Westfall Johnson, 
mentioned below. 4, Elizabeth Mary, born 
April 20, 1837, wife of the Rev. William 
H. McCaughey, of Indiana. 5. Margaret 
Boyd, married Thomas S. Maple, of Pitts- 
burgh, and died February 25, 1914, leav- 
ing seven children. 6. Rosalie Susan, born 
December 17, 1840, died in 1841. 7. Agnes 
Graham, born April 23, 1842, died the 
same year. 8. Oscar Henry, born July 15, 
1843, died August 19, 1881. 9. William, 
born April 4, 1845, connected with Cam- 
bria Steel Company, Pittsburgh, married 
Clara, daughter of John Evans, and has 
two children, John Evans and Clara Eliza. 
10. Sarah Jane Mellon, born April 20, 
1847, widow of John A. Thompson, who 
died September 19, 1913, leaving five chil- 
dren. II. Benjamin Negley, whose biog- 
raphy appears elsewhere in this work. 
Benjamin McLain, the father, died Feb- 

532 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ruary 9, 1886, in Pittsburgh, not long sur- 
viving his w^ife, who passed away Octo- 
ber 15, 1885. "Lovely and pleasant in 
their lives," it might almost be said that 
"in their deaths they were not divided." 

John Westfall Johnson McLain, son of 
Benjamin and Susan Story (Johnson) Mc- 
Lain, was born on Ferry street, Pitts- 
burgh, and received his education in pub- 
lic and private schools of his native city. 
After completing his course of study he 
entered the service of Dunn's Mercantile 
Agency, where he remained eight years, 
at the end of that time connecting him- 
self with the business with which he has 
ever since been inseparably and conspicu- 
ously associated — the insurance business. 
In this his talents found full scope and 
congenial exercise, while his sound judg- 
ment and far-sighted sagacity were of the 
greatest possible value. On May 31, 1871, 
Mr. McLain became secretary of the 
Union Insurance Company, and this re- 
sponsible office which he has ever since 
filled with distinguished ability, he still 
retains, having recently entered upon the 
forty-fifth year of his incumbency. 

The principles advocated by the Re- 
publican party have always had in Mr. 
McLain a staunch supporter and his help- 
ful interest in the progress and well-being 
of Pittsburgh has never flagged, but by 
its persevering zeal has often rekindled 
the enthusiasm of those less steadfast and 
more easily discouraged. He affiliates 
with the Royal Arcanum, and attends 
the Third Presbyterian Church. 

There are few Pittsburghers whose 
countenances are familiar to a greater 
number of their fellow-citizens than is 
that of Mr. McLain. Everywhere he is 
an honored presence, an example to the 
younger generation and an object of re- 
spect and affection to all. 

Mr. McLain married (first) January 
20, i860, Lizzie S., daughter of Henry and 
Sarah (Anderson) Campbell, of Alle- 
gheny City, and they became the parents 



of one child : Clarence C, born April 6, 
1S61, now hydraulic engineer in Chicago. 
Mrs. McLain died January 20, 1S62, and 
Mr. AIcLain married (second) November 
10, 1870, Emma, daughter of Thomas and 
Matilda (Staats) Maple, of Princeton, 
New Jersey. By this union Mr. McLain 
became the father of two children : 
Maude Maple, wife of Clarence C. Rine- 
hart, whose biography may be found on 
another page of this work ; and Percy L., 
died in infancy. jNIr. McLain has always 
been a man of strong domestic tastes and 
affections, and nothing has ever rivalled 
for him the attractions of his home. 

As business man and citizen Mr. Mc- 
Lain can look back upon the changes 
wrought by the lapse of sixty years. He 
has seen the insurance business grow 
from an almost nascent condition to its 
present imposing proportions and in the 
promotion of its growth he has been 
largely instrumental. He has witnessed 
the tremendous upheaval caused by a 
great civil war and the consequent revo- 
lutionizing of ancient conditions, and 
through these and all other vicissitudes 
he has upheld the banner of patriotism, 
integrity and fair dealing. The story of 
his sixty years of active life is a story of 
honor. 

(The Johnson Line). 

John Westfall Johnson, father of Airs. 
Susan Story (Johnson) McLain, was born 
in Amsterdam, Flolland, and came to the 
United States in the interests of the Hol- 
land Land Company, settling near Free- 
hold, Monmouth county. New Jersey, and 
removing to Pittsburgh, probably, in the 
early part of the nineteenth century. He 
married Elizabeth Bush, who was born 
February 7, 1783. Mr. Johnson died in 
1839 and his widow survived until 1870. 

Susan Story, daughter of John Westfall 
and Elizabeth (Bush) Johnson, was born 
June 18, 1808, in Pittsburgh, and became 
the wife of Benjamin McLain, as stated 
above. 



1533 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



PRESSLY, Rev. John Taylor, 

Clergyman, Educator, Editor and Author. 

"He left a memorial in his work and 
a fragrance in his name through which 
his memory has been made dear to count- 
less hearts." These words were spoken 
of the late Reverend John Taylor Press- 
ly, D. D., for thirty-eight years the loved 
and honored pastor of the First United 
Presbyterian Church of Allegheny, Penn- 
sylvania. There are many in this com- 
munity who can remember Dr. Pressly as 
he appeared on our streets, and there are 
many throughout the land, filling hun- 
dreds of pulpits, whose hearts burn with 
affectionate and grateful remembrance of 
him as their theological instructor. 

John Taylor Pressly was born March 
22, 1795, in Abbeville District, South 
Carolina, and was a son of David and 
Jane (Patterson) Pressly, both of Abbe- 
ville District, South Carolina, and de- 
scended from Scottish ancestors, who 
were among the early and influential set- 
tlers of the State. It has been truly said 
of him that "he was an honored member 
of an honored family." The boy received 
his early education in a local academy, 
afterward entering Transylvania Univer- 
sity, Kentucky, and graduating with the 
class of 1812. Having long before re- 
solved to devote himself to the ministry 
of the gospel, he entered the Associate 
Reformed Theological Seminary, New 
York, where he enjoyed the instructions 
of the eminent Dr. John Mitchell Mason. 
Having completed there a full three years' 
course of study, he was licensed in the 
spring of 1815, by the Second Associate 
Reformed Presbytery of South Carolina, 
and for a year devoted himself to mission- 
ary work, traveling on horseback through 
several of the Southern States and as far 
north as Pennsylvania and New York. 

On his return home Mr. Pressly was 
called to the pastorate of the church in 



which he had been born and baptized, 
the Cedar Springs Congregational Church 
and there he ministered for fifteen peace- 
ful, pleasant and profitable years, having 
been ordained July 3, 1816. Gladly would 
he have spent his life there, but he had 
become widely known and was to be 
called to a larger field. He was known 
not only as a great preacher, but as one 
eminently qualified to educate preachers, 
and in 1825 he was appointed Professor 
of Theology by the Associate Reformed 
Synod of the South. The duties of this 
position he discharged acceptably until 
the autumn of 1831, when he was elected, 
on October 10, Professor of Theology, by 
the Associate Reformed Synod of the 
West, and on January 5, 1832, entered 
upon his duties in the Allegheny Theo- 
logical Seminary, Allegheny, Pennsyl- 
vania. His singular fitness for the work 
was soon recognized and added a new at- 
traction to the Seminary. 

In October, 1832, Dr. Pressly was called 
to the First United Presbyterian Church 
of Allegheny, and on August 27, 1833. 
was installed as the first pastor of the 
congregation, having previously served 
the church while reserving his decision. 
The history of this congregation is an 
interesting one. It was organized in the 
third story of what was known as "Semp- 
le's Long Room," a building which is still 
standing on the west side of West Dia- 
mond street, four doors below South Dia- 
mond street. In this room the congrega- 
tion worshipped for some time after Dr. 
Pressly took charge, but the purchase of 
a lot one hundred and twenty feet square 
on the corner of what are known as 
South Diamond and East Diamond 
streets gave it an abiding place. In 1838, 
the congregation having become too large 
to be accommodated in this building, it 
was decided to erect a more spacious 
structure on the same site. This was 



1534 




(^ArC '~^ ^ 



.^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



done, but at the close of 1853 additional 
room was again found necessary and a lot 
was procured on Ridge street on which 
the Ridge Street Church was built to take 
care of the overflow as the congregation 
was too large for one church. Once more, 
in 1867, it was decided to build a new 
house of worship and the result was the 
erection of the present structure on Union 
avenue. It is Gothic in its general style 
of architecture and the front is rendered 
imposing by two massive square towers 
about one hundred feet in height. In 1834 
a charter for the congregation was 
granted by the Supreme Court of the 
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and in 
1872 a new charter was granted by the 
Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny 
county. 

From the very beginning of Dr. Press- 
ly's pastorate the young congregation en- 
tered upon an era of great prosperity. 
Large attendance became the rule, at- 
tracted by the earnest and eloquent 
preaching of the pastor, and there were 
many applications for admission to mem- 
bership. The record of the passing years 
was one of rapid but permanent growth. 
The forces of the congregation were or- 
ganized and these organizations flour- 
ished. As a preacher. Dr. Pressly was 
remarkable for clearness of conception 
and expression, and his fine personal ap- 
pearance, his strong and sonorous voice 
and his dignified and solemn action gave 
to his delivery power approaching the 
magisterial. As a pastor he was watchful, 
tender and faithful, visiting, counselling 
and praying with his people in their 
homes and at their beds of sickness. 

In a high degree, Dr. Pressly embodied 
the Roman ideal of perfect manhood, "a 
sound mind in a sound body." Through- 
out his life he apparently did the work 
of two or three ordinary men. In addi- 
tion to the cares and burdens of a great 
congregation he carried on for sixteen 
PA-6 1535 



years the whole work of the Theological 
Seminary, while during the remaining 
twenty-two years of his pastorate " he 
served continuously as a professor in that 
institution. In 1842 he founded "The 
Preacher," a semi-monthly religious 
paper, now "The United Presbyterian," 
and for two years was its editor, proprie- 
tor and business manager, also contribut- 
ing on a wide range of subjects to other 
periodical literature. Meanwhile he found 
time to publish several volumes on con- 
troverted points of theology and at the 
meetings of the various courts of the 
church he was a familiar figure, in addi- 
tion to assuming a generous share of the 
general work of the church at large. On 
occasions of a public and semi-public 
nature he was in constant demand. He 
was one of the most prominent factors 



in the negotiations which resulted in the 
happy union of the Associate Reformed 
and Associate Churches and at its con- 
summation no one rejoiced more heartily 
than he. He was faithful in the discharge 
of the duties of citizenship, taking a deep 
interest in all that pertained to the wel- 
fare of Pittsburgh, so long the scene of 
his labors and the home of his heart. 

To be the right man in the right place 
was the happy lot of Dr. Pressly. He was 
one of the few men to whom it is given 
to minister to a great congregation and a 
great community in the formative period 
of their history, and upon his congrega- 
tion and community he left an indelible 
impression. Throughout the entire United 
Presbyterian Church his influence was 
felt, and it was in recognition of his in- 
valuable services in helping to adjust the 
differences that separated the Associate 
and Associate Reformed Church that he 
was unanimously accorded the high honor 
of presiding as moderator over the first 
General Assembly of the united body. His 
fine executive talent gave him great in- 
fluence in church courts, and in ecclesi- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



astical matters generally, but, undoubt- 
edly, his greatest service to the denomi- 
nation was the signal influence he exerted 
as a professor in the Theological Sem- 
inary. His power as an instructor re- 
sulted in part from his personality and the 
reverence it excited and in part from the 
fullness of his knowledge, the clearness 
of his statements and his exceptional 
power of analysis. The personal appear- 
ance of Dr. Pressly was strikingly im- 
pressive. Six feet in height, with clear- 
cut, strong, sensitive and refined features, 
iron gray hair and keen dark eyes, he 
looked at once the clergyman and patri- 
cian. He was a fine horseman and when 
mounted suggested a resemblance to his 
cavalier ancestors. In manner he may 
have seemed to some somewhat austere, 
as he never lost the dignity of his pro- 
fession or the demeanor of a high-toned, 
Christian gentleman, but no one could be 
near him and not feel that he had a great 
loving heart. In character, in life and in 
all the work of his life, he was a good 
man. 

Another institution with which Dr. 
Pressly was identified was the Jefiferson 
College, of Canonsburg. In 1832 he be- 
came a member of its board of directors, 
retaining the office until the college was 
merged with Washington College as the 
Washington and Jefiferson College. For 
many years he was a member of the 
Board of Education of Allegheny City. 

Dr. Pressly married, July 4, 1816, Jane, 
daughter of Joseph and Jane (Pressly) 
Hearst, of Abbeville District, South 
Carolina, and their children were : Joseph 
H., now deceased, a clergyman of Erie, 
Pennsylvania ; Louisa Jane, married John 
Steele, of Kentucky, and is now deceased ; 
Mary Matilda, also deceased ; Sarah, died 
young; David A. P., died February 22, 
1845; Elizabeth Caroline, died young; 
Samuel, also died young; and Margaret 
Malinda, now living on the North Side, 

15 



a woman of wide culture and much beauty 
and sweetness of character, greatly be- 
loved by a large circle of friends. Mary 
Matilda Pressly, now deceased, became 
the wife of Thomas McCance. Their 
children are : Jane Hearst, married Dr. 
John Mabon, of Pittsburgh ; Joseph K., a 
physician of Pittsburgh ; Pressly T., also 
of Pittsburgh ; Mary Louise ; Margaret 
M.; and William J., of New Haven, Con- 
necticut, married Anna Hodge. 

In his wife, who died April 4, 1873, Dr. 
Pressly found a helpmate worthy of his 
high calling, and he ever delighted to 
acknowledge that it was to her unfailing 
aid that he owed much of his success. 
^Irs. Pressly possessed in a high degree 
the beautiful womanly traits of Chris- 
tian character which, modest and unas- 
suming as she was, shone out of her life 
with radiant beauty in the sweet sunlight 
of a perpetual cheerfulness. She seemed 
to be gifted with a power to secure the 
confidence, win the affections and touch 
the better chords in every heart by her 
simple presence and by a single word. 
No one could bind up the broken heart 
with a tenderer hand or a kindlier sym- 
pathy. Her presence was the light and 
joy of her own home and her visits a 
bright summer day in the homes of the 
congregation, but it was in the abode of 
sickness and sorrow that she was most 
frequently found and her coming con- 
stantly brightened the dwellings of the 
lowly. Dr. Pressly was a man who re- 
garded the ties of family and friendship 
as sacred obligations. What he Avas to 
those nearest and dearest to him, they 
alone could tell. His life as a husband 
and father was one of rare beauty and 
his home was the central spot in the con- 
gregation where the poorest and humblest 
were as welcome as the richest and most 
honorable. 

In the early summer of 1870 Dr. Press- 
Iv's health became seriously impaired. A 

36 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



trip to the Great Lakes brought no re- truly has it been said : "Dr. John T. 
lief, and on August 13. a few days after Pressly needs no other memorial, among 
his return home, he ceased from his the living who knew him, than the tab- 
labors. He died in the harness, in the lets of their own hearts." Many of those 
seventy-sixth year of his age, the fifty- to whom his stately and benignant pres- 
fifth of his ministry, and the thirty-eighth ence was familiar have now passed away, 
of his pastorate in Pittsburgh, and was but his influence abides, his works follow 



mourned with a sorrow unfeigned, not 
only by his people but by many who had 
never been members of his congregation. 
The largest assembly of mourners that 
had ever gathered in this city came to- 
gether in the church in which he had 
ministered for so many years to pay trib- 



hii 



SMITH, Edgar Fahs, LL. D., 

distinguished Educator and Author. 

There are few positions of honor and 
trust more difficult to fill, with satisfac- 
tion to those interested, than that now 
ute to his memory. People of all denomi- occupied by Dr. Smith. To fill with satis- 
nations felt that a great man had fallen in faction the place made vacant by the 
Israel. While he lived he spoke, and be- retiring Provost of the University of 
ing dead he still speaks by the lives and Pennsylvania, with its five thousand stu- 
lips of the great multitude who have dents, its many departments and a faculty 
never ceased to manifest the impress of of five hundred professors, was an un- 
his teachings. dertaking to appall the stoutest heart, 

In November, 1881, the First United but Dr. Smith, with the courage and 
Presbyterian Church of Allegheny cele- every needed qualification, did not hesi- 
brated its semi-centennial anniversary tate, and after successfully closing this, 
and on that occasion was unveiled a tablet his second year, trustees, students and 
to the memory of Dr. Pressly. It was faculty realize that the choice was a wise 
placed upon the wall at the right of the one and that he is the "right man in the 
pulpit and is of white marble having in right place." 



the centre a shield of black marble on 
which, in gold letters, is the following 
inscription : 



In Memory of 

REV. JNO. T. PRESSLY, D. D., 

for 38 years 

The beloved and honored pastor 

of this church; 

A good and great man 

Whose pure life, tender afifection, 

Wise counsel, unflinching fidelity, 

And abundant labors 

Are enshrined in the hearts 

of a grateful people. 

Born March 22d, 1795, 

Died August 13. 1870. 

"THE RIGHTEOUS SHALL BE IN 

EVERLASTING REMEMBRANCE." 

A noble and enduring tribute, but most 
lessor Von Walters. 



Edgar Fahs Smith was born in York, 
Pennsylvania, May 23, 1856, son of Gib- 
son Smith, a merchant who greatly de- 
sired to train up his son to become his 
business successor. But the young man's 
choice was for a professional career, his 
choice being medicine. After preparatory 
courses in the public schools and York 
County Academy, he taught for a time 
in the latter institution, then in 1872 en- 
tered Pennsylvania College at Gettys- 
burg in the junior year. He was gradu- 
ated B. S. class of 1874, then under the 
advice of Dr. Sadtler, of Gettysburg, went 
abroad for further study. He entered the 
University of Goettingen in Germany, 
devoting two 3'ears to the study of chem- 
istry imder Professors Woehler and 
Huebner, and of mineralogy under Pro- 

1537 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



In 1876 he received his doctor's degree 
from the German university and at once 
returned to the United States. His first 
position as an instructor was at the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, where he taught, 
beginning in the fall of 1876 as assistant 
to Professor F. A. Genth, of the chair 
of Analytical Chemistry in the Towne 
Scientific School. He held this position 
until 1881, achieving so high a reputation 
that in that year he was called to Muh- 
lenberg College at Allentown, as profes- 
sor of chemistry, a chair founded and en- 
dowed by Asa Packer. 

In 1883 he accepted the position of 
Professor of Chemistry at Wittenberg 
College, Springfield, Ohio, continuing 
there with ever increasing fame until 
1888, when he returned to the University 
of Pennsylvania, accepting the chair of 
Analytical Chemistry, vacated by Dr. 
Genth, under whom he had labored as 
assistant. His rise was now almost con- 
tinuous ; in 1892, upon the resignation of 
Dr. S. P. Sadtler, then Professor of Or- 
ganic and Industrial Chemistry, that de- 
partment was reorganized with Dr. 
Smith as its head. 

In i8g8 he was elected Vice-Provost 
upon the resignation of Dr. George S. 
Fullerton, but still retained the Professor- 
ship of Chemistry, serving until Novem- 
ber, 1910, when he was chosen Provost at 
a special meeting of the board of trus- 
tees of the university, held November 
15 of that year, Dr. Charles Custis Har- 
rison, Provost for sixteen years, having 
handed in his resignation. At the meet- 
ing of the board which elected Dr. Smith 
head of the university, Secretary Edward 
Bobins said : 

Only those who have been brought constantly 
into close personal touch with Dr. Smith, can 
realize to the utmost what an admirable selection 
the trustees have made. He is an ideal man for 
the office for the reason that he combined in 
himself so many qualities that should go to make 

I 



up a well equipped provost. He is a scholar, is 
a scientist, and at the same time, possessed of 
great executive ability in university administra- 
tion; he is beloved by the students, very popular 
with the alumni and faculties and a firm friend 
to all who work with him for the success of the 
university. It is pleasant to know that no one 
is a greater admirer of Dr. Smith than the retir- 
ing provost who feels that he is relinquishing the 
cares of administration into safe hands. 

A local paper in commenting on the 
election said : 

Few men combine such varied activities in their 
lives as does Dr. Smith. As an investigator in 
the field of Electro-Chemistry he has few equals. 
He is also at the service of the students, and 
there is scarcely an evening in the year when he 
is not addressing some organization or other at 
the University. 

The department of chemistry, of which 
he was so long the head has become one 
of the most prominent schools of chem- 
istry in the country, and in the post- 
graduate department has turned out 
scores of men, now teachers of chemistry 
in important institutions. In recognition 
of his work as a scientist, as Vice-Provost 
of the university, and of his popularity, 
the dormitory erected in 1904 was named 
in his honor. In an article on the Vice- 
Provost, written for the "Alumni Regis- 
ter," one of his former students says : 

In the field of research Dr. Smith has devel- 
oped many lines, but is best known in the field 
of electro-chemistry, particularly in the appli- 
cation of the electric current to analytical chem- 
istry. His first paper on that subject appeared in 
1879, and since that time his contributions have 
been numerous and far reaching. His book, 
"Electro Chemical Analysis," which has been 
translated into German and French, is accepted 
the world over as an authoritative work on that 
subject. The methods recommended by him for 
the determination of metals in an electrolytic 
way are uniformly accurate. Not only in this 
branch of chemistry has he been active, but other 
fields of the science have been enriched by his 
investigations. His researches upon molybdenum 
and tungsten alone would have made his name 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



well known to the chemists of the world. Alto- 
gether about two hundred papers have been 
published by him dealing with electro chemistry, 
inorganic chemistry, organic chemistry, analy- 
tical chemistry and the composition of minerals. 
Besides his "Electro Chemical Analysis," which 
has had four American editions, two German, 
one French and one Chinese edition. Dr. Smith 
published with Dr. John Marshall, a book on 
"The Chemical Analysis of Urine." In 1890, 
with Dr. Harry F. Keller, he published a work 
on "Experiments for Students in General Chem- 
istry," which has run through five editions. He 
has also translated a number of standard Ger- 
man works on chemistry including Richter's "In- 
organic Chemistry," of which there has been five 
editions; Richter's "Organic Chemistry," three 
editions; Classen's "Elementary Quantitative;" 
Oettel's "Introduction to Electro-Chemical Ex- 
periments," and Oettel's "Practical Exercises in 
Electro-Chemistry." He has also contributed 
articles to many scientific journals, and was for 
many years a member of the committee on 
papers and publications published by the Amer- 
ican Chemical Society. He is a member of many 
of the university societies, vice-president of the 
Robert Morris Club, one of the founders of the 
Pennsylvania Chapter of Phi Kappa Psi, instru- 
mental in organizing in Pennsylvania a chapter 
of Sigma Xi, honorary fraternity and founder of 
the fraternity journal "The Shield." 

Dr. Smith is deeply interested in the 
young men of the imiversity, whom he 
frequently designates "my boys." While 
requiring adherence to the laws, rules and 
regulations of the university he is said 
to have frequently left his bed at mid- 
night to help some unfortunate out of 
trouble, and many university boys have 
been benefitted by his fatherly, sympa- 
thetic advice at a critical point in their 
lives. He is one of the most approach- 
able professors and one of the best be- 
loved men at the university — his office 
is open to "the boys" at all times and 
scores avail themselves of the privilege 
daily, coming to talk over their troubles, 
hopes, aims or aspirations, and no student 
leaves without feeling encouraged and 
benefitted. He delights to mingle with 
the students, sometimes devoting four or 

I 



five evenings weekly to their functions, 
generally attending several meetings on 
each of these nights. In this way there 
are few students he does not come in 
contact with personally. As chairman 
of the faculty coinmittee on athletics, he 
has done much for the elevation of col- 
lege sports, not only at the university, 
but also all over the land. He is a pleas- 
ing after dinner speaker, as much sought 
after by the alumni as by the students. 
His favorite topics when addressing stu- 
dents are courage, strength and loyalty. 
There are not many who are connected 
with the university, past or present, who 
are not familiar with Pennsylvania talks. 
Himself one of the most loyal sons of the 
university, he has the happy faculty of 
stirring up genuine enthusiasm for old 
"Penn" in his familiar talks about things 
Pennsylvanian, and his picture book talks 
on the university have been a genuine 
revelation to many. His duties as Pro- 
vost also bring him into close touch with 
all members of the teaching force and 
the administrative officers, by all of whom 
he is esteemed as a friend and a leader. 
Outside of things pertaining to the uni- 
versity and things professional, perhaps 
the doctor's greatest interest is in the Ma- 
sonic order. He has rendered important 
service to that greatest of fraternal orders 
and has in return received its greatest, 
highest honor, the thirty-third degree, 
Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite. 

Colleges and universities have confer- 
red upon Dr. Smith their highest honors. 
The University of Pennsylvania be- 
stowed the honorary degree of Doctor of 
Science in 1899, and in 1906, at the two 
hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the 
birth of Benjamin Franklin, conferred 
LL. D. The same degree Avas conferred 
in that year by Pennsylvania College at 
Gettysburg. The University of Wiscon- 
sin had, however, been the first to confer 
the degree LL. D. in 1904. In 1910, 

539 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Franklin and Marshall College, bestowed 
the same honor and Rutgers College, June 
21, 191 1 ; Muhlenberg College a week 
earlier on June 14, conferring L. H. D. 
In February, 1912, he received LL. D. 
from the University of Pittsburgh ; in 
July, Sc. D. from the University of Dub- 
lin, Ireland ; and LL. D. from the Univer- 
sity of North Carolina. He is a member 
of several foreign scientific societies ; the 
American Chemical Society, of which he 
was president in 1898 ; member of the 
National Academy of Sciences ; the Amer- 
ican Association for the Advancement of 
Science, of which he was vice-p.resident in 
1898; a member of the Chemical Jury of 
Awards at the Columbian Exposition in 
1893 ; a member of the United States As- 
say Commission in 1895, also from 1901 
to 1905 ; and is a member of the American 
Philosophical Society, of which he was 
president from 1903 to 1907. 



BUCHANAN, James Galloway, 

Distingnislied Physician and Surgeon. 

Dr. James Galloway Buchanan was 
born March 21, 1825, in Steubenville, 
Ohio, and was a son of the Rev. George 
and Mary (Junkin) Buchanan. Rev. 
George Buchanan was a man of strong 
personality, great piety and much loved 
in his community. He preached to the 
same congregation in Steubenville for 
forty-seven years, his ministry closing 
with his death. 

In the early part of the last century 
a clergyman's income was limited ; but 
without other resources than his salary, 
Rev. Buchanan managed to furnish all 
his children not only an ordinary educa- 
tion, but complete courses in the most 
advanced education of the times. One of 
his sons, the oldest brother of the sub- 
ject of our sketch, Rev. Joseph Buchanan, 
trained for the ministry, became the lead- 
ing educator of that section of Ohio and 

1540 



for two generations was at the head of 
the public school system of Jeflferson 
county. Another son. Rev. John Buchan- 
an, was for many years before and dur- 
ing the Civil War a prominent minister 
in Allegheny City. The ancestral record 
of the Junkin family is appended to this 
biography. James Galloway Buchanan 
received his education in the schools of 
his native town, supplemented by a thor- 
ough classical course in an academy con- 
ducted by his brother-in-law. Rev. John 
M. Galloway. Making choice of medicine 
as a profession, Mr. Buchanan began a 
course of preparatory study under the 
preceptorship of Dr. Benjamin Tappan, 
a widely known physician and naturalist 
of Steubenville and son of the distin- 
guished Judge Tappan. 

Dr. Tappan, whose wife was a sister 
of Edwin M. Stanton, President Lincoln's 
Secretary of War, was a man of great 
scientific attainments and of unusual pro- 
fessional ability. He was a world-wide 
traveler and had an intimate acquaintance 
with many of the scientists of that early 
day. The prominent trait of his character 
was his hatred of shams and the plain- 
ness of his speech. To his tutelage. Dr. 
James G. Buchanan owed much of the 
habits of thought and contempt of pre- 
tenders which characterized him through- 
out his life. It was rather unusual then 
for a medical student to spend more than 
a few months at a medical school. In- 
deed, most of the practitioners of medi- 
cine in this country, at that time, got 
their education in the ofifices of their pre- 
ceptors. 

Mr. Buchanan, however, attended the 
complete course of two years at the Medi- 
cal Department of the University of the 
City of New York, and received his sur- 
gical training from the distinguished 
Valentine Mott. After receiving his de- 
gree of Doctor of Medicine, he returned 
at once to his home town and entered 





^ ^/T^^^^^-^^^^l^^.— . 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



upon the practice of his profession, re- 
moving after a time to Wellsville, Ohio, 
where he married Amanda F. Jenkins. 

Upon the outbreak of the Civil War he 
was appointed by his friend, Edwin 'M. 
Stanton, then Secretary of War, surgeon 
to the 32nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry, with 
which he served until near the close of 
the conflict, when he was transferred to 
the 125th Ohio Regiment. He served 
with the latter regiment until the close of 
the war, when he received the appoint- 
ment of Medical Director of the IMilitary 
Hospitals at Atlanta, Georgia. In 1866 
Dr. Buchanan established himself in Al- 
legheny, Pennsylvania, now North Side, 
Pittsburgh, and soon became prominent 
in surgical practice. 

The first of the railroads .which were 
later merged into the present system of 
Pennsylvania lines west of l^ittsburgh 
was the Cleveland & Pittsburgh. In the 
early fifties its rails were laid through 
Wellsville, and through the influence of 
his lifelong friend, J. N. McCullough, the 
railroad's first president. Dr. Buchanan 
was made its first surgeon, vv-hich office he 
held with the exception of the period of 
his military service till he moved his resi- 
dence to Allegheny City. His position as 
company surgeon was continued in his 
new location and his sphere of surgical 
work enlarged by his appointment as sur- 
geon to the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne & 
Chicago Railway. When the Pennsyl- 
vania lines were consolidated he contin- 
ued to act as its surgeon till death ter- 
minated his service. This continuous 
surgical service for more than fifty years 
with the same company is probably 
unique in railway experience. 

Dr. Buchanan's success in surgery was 
marked at a time when the treatment of 
wounds was difificult and success was 
only to be attained by the application of 
sound judgment and accurate observation 
of personal cases. When the modern an- 



tiseptic system was struggling for recog- 
nition he was one of the first in his com- 
munity to recognize its advantages and 
put it into practice. 

In politics Dr. Buchanan was a Demo- 
crat, but never took an active part in 
public affairs. He was a member of the 
Fourth United Presbyterian Church of 
Allegheny for more than forty years, and 
the successive pastors during that period 
were among his most intimate friends. 
In the character of Dr. Buchanan were 
combined all the elements which go to 
the making of a good physician — strong 
mental endowments, sound education, 
large experience and kindliness of dis- 
position. Of medium height, his aspect 
and bearing gave a favorable impression 
and his strong features bore the stamp 
of the qualities which made him what he 
Avas. His dark eyes were at once keen 
and thoughtful, and until he had passed 
the age of seventy, his hair and full beard 
v.-ere black, after that becoming iron- 
gray. He was a loyal friend, a man of 
large faith, strong brain and great heart. 

Dr. Buchanan married, March 23, 1S50, 
Amanda Fitz-Allen, daughter of John M. 
and Margaret (McKinley) Jenkins, the 
latter a member of the McKinley family 
of Ohio, of which President McKinley 
was a representative. The following 
children were born to Dr. and Mrs. 
Buchanan: George McElroy, who died 
young; Marj- Junkin ; and John Jenkins, 
whose biography appears elsewhere in 
this work. 

]Mary Junkin Buchanan was educated 
in the public schools of Allegheny, and 
at the Pittsburgh Female College, re- 
ceiving in 1S70 the degree of M. E. L. 
She was married. February 27, 1873, at 
Allegheny, to John Cowley, of Pittsburgh, 
who died May i. 191 1. After rendering 
for ten years voluntary service as super- 
visor of the city playgrounds Mrs. Cowley 
was in February, 191 1, elec':ed supervisor 

541 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of twenty-seven playgrounds and vaca- 
tion schools and ten social centres of the 
North Side. In October, 1912, she w^as 
appointed a member of the Board of Pub- 
lic Education of Pittsburgh, under the 
new school codes, the board consisting of 
twelve men and three women, named by 
judges of the Court of Common Pleas. 
Mrs. Cowley is president of the Play- 
ground and Vacation School Association 
of Allegheny, Incorporated, and of the 
Business Women's Club, of Allegheny, 
Incorporated, and director of the Western 
Pennsylvania Branch of the Consumers' 
League, also musical director of the Tour- 
ist Club. She has published various 
articles on playground activities and so- 
cial centre work. Mrs. Cowley belongs 
to the Daughters of the American Revo- 
lution, the Academy of Science and Art 
and the College Club of Pittsburgh and 
is a member of the United Presbyterian 
Church. The Mary J. Cowley (public) 
School of Pittsburgh was named in her 
honor. ]\Ir. and Mrs. Cowley were the 
parents of the following children : Eliza- 
beth Buchanan; Mary Helen, died in 
childhood ; James Buchanan, also died in 
childhood ; Mary Marguerite, died in 
girlhood ; and Eleanor, died in infancy. 

Elizabeth Buchanan Cowley received 
from Vassar College the degrees of Bach- 
elor of Arts and Master of Arts and from 
Columbia University the degree of Doc- 
tor of Philosophy. She also studied at 
tlie Chicago University and at the Uni- 
versities of Gottingen and Munich. She 
has l)een a teacher in the jiublic schools 
and from 1902 to 191 2 was an instructor 
in mathematics at Vassar College, where 
she has been, since 1912, assistant pro- 
fessor of mathematics. She has contri- 
buted articles to mathematical and as- 
tronomical journals and is assistant editor 
of the "Revue Semestrielle des Publica- 
tions Mathematiques," Amsterdam, Hol- 
land. Miss Cowley belongs to the 



Daughters of the American Revolution 
and the National Plant, Flower and Fruit 
Guild, is secretary of the Vassar College 
Chapter of the Phi Beta Kappa, and a 
member of the American Mathematical 
Society, the Deutsche Mathematiker 
Vereinigung, the Circolo Mathematico di 
Palermo. She is a collaborator of the 
'■Revue Semestrielle des Publications 
Mathematiques" and an authority on 
plane algebraic curves and the definite 
orbit of comet algebraic curves. She was 
a member of the International Congress 
of Mathematicians held in 1912 at Cam- 
bridge, England. 

In his family relations Dr. Buchanan 
was peculiarly fortunate, and he was a 
man to whom the ties of home and friend- 
ship were sacred obligations. It was the 
lot of this useful and honored man to 
survive all his local professional contem- 
poraries, and when he passed away on 
September 21, 1909, his death removed 
the oldest physician in Allegheny county. 
He was mourned by all classes of the 
community, for by all he was admired 
and respected, and by many he was held 
in deepest love and gratitude. 

(The Junkin Line). 

The Junkin family is first found in the 
neighborhood of Inverness, Scotland, and 
the name is probably of Danish origin, 
the race having presumably been planted 
in North Britain by one of those adven- 
turers who, at an early period, took pos- 
session of parts of the coast. 

Joseph Junkin, the first ancestor of 
record, was of County Antrim, Ireland. 
whither his parents had migrated from 
Scotland at some period prior to the revo- 
lution of 1688. They were strict Coven- 
anters and left their country for con- 
science sake. Joseph, their son, emigrated 
in the early part of the eighteenth cen- 
tury to the American colonies, probably 
landing at New Castle, Delaware, whence 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



he found his way to Pennsylvania. He 
married, probably where Oxford, Ches- 
ter county, now stands, Elizabeth Wal- 
lace, who was also of Scottish parentage, 
at least, on the maternal side, her mother 
having gone from Scotland to London- 
derry, Ireland, and endured the horrors 
of the famous siege which, successfully 
resisted, gave to William of Orange that 
vantage in Ireland which proved to be so 
largely instrumental in seating him se- 
curely upon the British throne. Joseph 
Junkin and his wife crossed the Susque- 
hanna river at Harris's Ferry (now Har- 
risburg) and settled in Cumberland 
county. Pennsylvania, on five hundred 
acres of land which now include the site 
of the tOAvn of Kingston. On this land 
Joseph Junkin built a house which be- 
came the home of his family. His death 
occurred in 1777 and that of his widow in 
1796. 

Joseph (2), son of Joseph (i) and 
Elizabeth (Wallace) Jvmkin. was born in 
1750, on his father's farm, and was a sol- 
dier of the Revolution. In 1776 and '77 
he served against the British and in 1778 
against the British and Indians on the 
upper Juniata frontier, assisting in the 
erection of a fort near the site of Holli- 
daysburg. His service of 1776 and 1777 
was chiefly in New Jersey, and in the 
latter year he commanded a company of 
Cumberland volunteers in the battle of 
Brandyvvine. He married, May 24, 1779, 
the Rev. Alexander Dobbin, D. D., offi- 
ciating. Eleanor, daughter of John and 
— — — (Baird) Cochran, the former a 
native of the north of Ireland, though of 
Scottish descent, and the ancestors of the 
latter being presumably of the same na- 
tionality. John Cochran settled, about 
1750. in Pennsylvania, he and his wife be- 
ing married soon after their arrival in the 
province, and their daughter Eleanor was 
born on a farm near the present site of 
Waynesboro, Franklin county. Mr. and 



Mrs Junkin became the parents of the 
following children all of whom, with the 
exception of the youngest, were born in 
the stone house erected by Joseph Jun- 
kin, the immigrant : Elizabeth, married 
Hon. John Findley, of Mercer county, 
Pennsylvania ; Eleanor, became the wife 
of Hon. Walter Oliver, for years a mem- 
ber of the Pennsylvania Legislature ; 
Joseph, died young: John; Joseph (2); 
George, who became a clergyman ; Wil- 
liam, died in childhood ; INIary, mentioned 
below ; Agnes, married (first) Rev. 
James Galloway, first pastor of Mercer, 
and (second) Hugh Bingham, father of 
Hon. John A. Bingham ; Benjamin, twin 
to one who died in infancy unnamed ; 
William Findley; Matthew Oliver; and 
David. 

Mary, daughter of Joseph (2) and 
Eleanor (Cochran) Junkin, was married, 
June 6, 181 2, to Rev. George Buchanan, as 
stated above. 



BUCHANAN, John Jenkins, 

Physiciaa, Lawyer, Professional Instrnotor. 

Among the representative surgeons of 
the state of Pennsylvania is Dr. John 
Jenkins Buchanan, of Pittsburgh. 

Dr. Buchanan was born September 15, 
1855, in Wellsville, Ohio, and is a son of 
the late Dr. James (ialloway and Aman- 
da Fitz-Allen (Jenkins) Buchanan. A 
biography of Dr. Buchanan's father ap- 
pears preceding this narrative in this 
work. When John Jenkins Buchanan 
was about ten years old his parents 
moved to Allegheny, Pennsylvania, now 
North Side, Pittsburgh, and his prepara- 
tory education was received in the schools 
of the Second Ward of that city. He 
afterward studied at the Western Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, now the Univer- 
sity of Pittsburgh, graduating in 1877 
with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. In 
1880 his alma mater conferred upon him 

543 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the degree of Master of Arts. His pro- 
fessional training was received in the 
medical department of the University of 
Pennsylvania and in 1881 he was made 
by that institution Doctor of Medicine. 
In 1905 he received from Washington and 
Jefferson College the degree of Doctor of 
Philosophy. 

Immediately after graduation, Dr. 
Buchanan established himself in Pitts- 
burgh as a general practitioner, giving his 
attention more and more to the practice 
of general surgery till about 1897, since 
when his whole time has been occupied 
with surgical practice. In 1881-82 he was 
resident physician at the Western Penn- 
sylvania Hospital, and in 1892 he became 
surgeon to the Mercy Hospital. In 1901 
he was appointed Professor of Surgery in 
the Western Pennsylvania Medical Col- 
lege (later merged into the ^^ledical 
School of the University of Pittsburgh), 
and this chair he still occupies. He is a 
frequent contributor to medical literature, 
is a member of the Societe Internationale 
de Chirurgie, a fellow of the American 
Surgical Association, a member of the 
American Medical Association, the Amer- 
ican College of Surgeons, the Medical 
Society of the State of Pennsylvania, and 
the Allegheny County Medical Society. 

Politically Dr. Buchanan is a Demo- 
crat, but has always held aloof from ac- 
tive participation in the organization of 
his party, having neither time nor inclin- 
ation for public affairs. 

Dr. Buchanan married, June 30, 1887, 
Ellen, daughter of David A. and Mary 
(Aiken) Grier, of Pittsburgh. Mr. Grier, 
who was engaged in the wholesale gro- 
cery business, died in i860. Dr. and Mrs. 
Buchanan are the parents of two sons: 
John Grier, born July 24, 1888; and Ed- 
win Porter, born June 7, 1890. 

John Grier Buchanan was educated at 
Liberty School, Shady Side Academy and 
Princeton University, graduating in 1905 



from the academy, and in 1909 receiving 
from the university the degree of Bach- 
elor of Arts. In 1912 he graduated from 
the Harvard Law School, and is now as- 
sociated with the law firm of Gordon & 
Smith, Pittsburgh. During his course in 
the Harvard Law School, Mr. Buchanan 
in two successive years was awarded the 
'"Sears Prize," a distinction which is con- 
ferred for excellence of work on but four 
students in the entire school. During his 
junior and senior years he was one of the 
editorial board of the "Harvard Law Re- 
view," a legal publication of such high 
order, that, although conducted by under- 
graduates, it receives the serious consid- 
eration of the most eminent members of 
the bar. 

Mr. Buchanan is also a member of the 
Phi Beta Kappa Society. He is a member 
of the faculty of the Law Department of 
the University of Pittsburgh and con- 
ducts the course in "Conflict of Laws." 

Edwin Porter Buchanan received his 
preparatory education at Liberty and 
Fulton schools, and in 1908 graduated 
from Shady Side Academy. In 1909 he 
entered Princeton University and was 
graduated in 191 3. He is now attending 
the Harvard ^Medical School, class of 
1917. 



MOVER, Irwin Justus, 

Physician. Professional Instructor. 

The name of Dr. Irwin Justus Moyer 
stands high on the list of those who have 
for more than a score of years been num- 
bered among Pittsburgh's leading repre- 
sentatives of the medical profession. By 
birth and paternal ancestry Dr. Moyer is 
a Pennsylvanian of old colonial stock and 
German blood, while on his mother's side 
his lineage is of ancient French origin, 
and he also numbers among his progeni- 
tors one of that heroic band of English- 
men who have come down in history as 
the Pilgrim Fathers. 

544 



Er. CYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Jacob Moyer, founder of the American 
branch of the family, came in 1742 from 
Switzerland to the province of Pennsyl- 
vania. He was accompanied by his 
widowed mother, one sister, and three 
brothers — William, Henry and Peter. All 
were natives of Switzerland, but during 
the year previous to their emigration had 
been the guests of connections in Ger- 
many, the original home of the family, 
whence they had been exiled by the State 
Reformed Church. \\'illiam. Henry and 
Peter settled on land which was then in- 
cluded in Bucks county, Peter takmg up 
his abode in Springfield township, and 
aiding in founding the Alennonite church 
in Bucks county. Jacob, the progenitor 
of the Pittsburgh branch of the family, 
settled in Centre Valley, Lehigh county, 
where, as shown by the records, he was 
granted, on March 4, 1749, a tract of one 
hundred acres, an additional one hundred 
acres being granted to him December 6, 
1749. He was a farmer, and also preached 
in the jNIennonite church which he was 
instrumental in founding in Lehigh coun- 
ty. He married, and among his children 
was a son named Philip. The descend- 
ants of the brothers Moyer are found in 
Bucks, Berks and Lehigh counties, where 
the name is common and was, as appears 
from early records, at one time spelled 
IMeyer by certain members of the family. 

(H) Philip, son of Jacob Aloyer, was 
born about 1750, in Lehigh county, and 
served in the Continental army, enlisting 
in the Eighth Company of the Sixth Bat- 
talion, Pennsylvania Line. He was far 
from being the only one of the name to 
thus evince his loyalty to the adopted 
country of his ancestors. On June 25, 
1775, Adam, Christian and Michael Moyer 
also enlisted in the Continental army, and 
were sent to Cambridge, Massachusetts, 
Adam and Christian serving under Cap- 
tain George Xegley. It is recorded in 
the "Proceedings of the Pennsylvania 



German Society" that there has been pub- 
lished an account of finding in a closet 
of the old White Horse Tavern, when it 
was remodeled in 1884, the only muster 
roll of the company commanded by Cap- 
tain Benjamin Weiser in the Revolution- 
ary War. It is dated October 3, 1776, 
and in it is to be found the name of Ever- 
hart ]\Ioyer. In civil life, too, the IMoyers 
have shown a patriotic spirit. The ear- 
lier histories of the State and its counties 
have the name of Casper Moyer, who in 
1813 served as a grand juryman in the 
quarter sessions court of Lehigh county. 
In the list of patrons of the first history 
of Lehigh county, dated 1844, appear the 
names of Samuel Moyer, Robert B. 
]\Ioyer. of Salisburg township, and Major 
Daniel ]\Ioyer, of South Whitehall town- 
ship. In 1826 Samuel Aloyer served in 
the Pennsylvania legislature, and among 
the residents named on the tax roll of 
1812 we find the names of Abraham, 
Henry, Sr., Henry, Jr., and William 
]\Io}-er. To return to Philip ]Moyer, son 
of Jacob, the immigrant, it appears that 
he married, and that one of his children 
was a son named George. 

(Ill) George, son of Philip Moyer, was 
born about 1780, in Lehigh county, Penn- 
sylvania, and married, about 1802, Sus- 
annah Hoobler, who was born in Decem- 
ber, 1789. .A.bout the time of their mar- 
riage, George and his wife moved to ]\Ier- 
cer county, Peennsylvania, where the for- 
mer passed the remainder of his life. 
There were born to them the following 
thirteen children : Edward, married a 
Stafiford ; Charles, married Nancy Hayes, 
and they had three children : Watson, 
Wesley and IMary ; Susan, born Novem- 
ber 30, 1819, married Clark Dunham, and 
had eight children (see Dunham gene- 
alogy) ; Hannah, born in 181 1, married 
George Frey, and had eight children ; 
William, mentioned below; Polly, mar 
ried Frank Veul; Joseph, died unmarried ; 



1545 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Eliza, died in infancy; Peter, born in 1815, 
killed at the age of twenty-five, unmar- 
ried ; Deborah, married John Stafford and 
had nine children ; Jonas, married Mary 
Black and had one child, ]Mrs. Nora Ida 
Barrett; George, born in 1S26, married 
Amanda Thompson and had five chil- 
dren; and Mary Ann, born July 19, 1828, 
married William Woodel, a soldier of the 
Civil War, and had three children, all of 
whom are married — Airs. jNIartha Gibson. 
Mrs. Susan McDaniel and Emma, who 
became the wife of William Jones. 
George Moyer, the father of this large 
family, died in 1845, at Sharpsville, Penn- 
sylvania, and his widow survived him 
more than a cjuarter of a century, passing 
away July 11, 1871, in Iowa. 

(IV) \A'illiam, son of George and Sus- 
annah (Hoobler) Moyer, was born Feb- 
ruary 2, 1813, in Lehigh county, in 1835 
settled near Greenville, fiercer county, 
and during the remainder of his long and 
useful life devoted himself successfully to 
agricultural pursuits. He was the in- 
cumbent of various ofifices in West Salem 
township, and always took a particular 
interest in educational matters. In politics 
he was first a Whig and later a Republi- 
can. He was an earnest member of the 
Methodist Episcopal church. Mr. Moyer 
married, April 6, 1837, Agnes Nancy, 
daughter of Jonathan and Mary (Clark) 
Dunham. The Dunham genealogy, ap- 
pended to this biography, traces from 
Pepin d'Heristal, a ruler of the Franks, 
his son, Charles Martel, his grandson. 
Pepin le Bref, and his great-grandson, 
Charlemagne. The Dunham line is allied 
with the Fuller line, which traces from 
Edward Fuller, who came over on the 
"Mayflower." The Fuller genealogy and 
coat-of-arms are also appended to this 
biography. Mr. and Mrs. Moyer were the 
parents of the following children : George, 
born January 11. 1838, died unmarried, at 
twenty; Peter, born in 1839, died in 1904, 



unmarried ; Sanford J., mentioned below ; 
Jonathan, born December, 1844, died in 
1879, married; James S., mentioned be- 
low ; Jerusha, born in 1849, died in 1871 ; 
Emma, born in 1852. died in 1876; Xar- 
ina, born in 1854, died in infancy ; and 
Irwin Justus, mentioned below. The 
death of William Moyer, the father, oc- 
curred February 21, 18S8. 

(V) Sanford J., son of William and 
Agnes Nancy (Dunham) Moyer, was 
born September 16, 1841, and served in 
the Civil War, enlisting in 1862 in Com- 
I">any G, nth Regiment Pennsylvania 
Volunteers. In one of the battles in 
which he participated, the bursting of a 
shell caused the loss of one of his eyes. 
He was promoted to regimental quarter- 
master, and his entire term of service 
covered three years. Upon its expiration 
he returned to Mercer county, subse- 
quently removing to Iowa, where he stud- 
ied law and afterward practiced. While 
living in that State he married, and the 
later j^ears of his life were passed in 
Pueblo, Colorado, where he practiced his 
profession until his death, which occur- 
red September 27, 1902. 

(V) James S., son of William and 
Agnes Nancy (Dunham) Moyer, was 
born June 10, 1846, and in 1864, before 
he had yet completed his eighteenth year, 
enlisted in Company F, 199th Regiment 
Pennsylvania Volunteers, and served to 
the end of the Civil War. He married, 
in March, 1867, Mary Welk, of Green- 
ville, Pennsylvania, and there were born 
to them eight children, all of whom grew 
to maturity, two of them, however, hav- 
ing passed away since the death of their 
father. All the remaining six are pros- 
perous and five of them are married ; 
George J., of Mansfield. Ohio, married 
and has eight children ; Jeanette, married 
Frederick Foltz, who died in 1909, leav- 
ing five children, and the widow mar- 
ried, two or three years later, a Mr. New- 

54^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ton, of Youngstown, Ohio; William D., 
of Warren, Ohio, married, and has six 
children; Maud, married David Smith, of 
Geneva, Pennsylvania, and has four chil- 
dren ; Irwin J., lives w^ith his widowed 
mother in Warren, Ohio; and Pearl, mar- 
ried T. H. Whitehouse, and lives in 
Youngstown, Ohio. James S. Moyer. the 
father, died at Greenville, Pennsylvania, 
August 24, 1903. 

(V) Dr. Irwin Justus Moyer, son of 
William and Agnes Nancy (Dunham) 
Moyer, was born September 5, 1858, in 
Mercer county, Pennsylvania, and re- 
ceived his preparatory education in the 
common schools, passing thence to 
Mount Union College, and graduating in 
1882 from the Edinboro Normal School. 
He then entered the Medical School of 
the Western Reserve University, Cleve- 
land, Ohio, graduating in 1886 with the 
degree of Doctor of Medicine. After do- 
ing hospital work for a year he took a 
post-graduate course at the University of 
Pennsylvania. 

On August 16, 1888, Dr. jMoyer opened 
an office in Pittsburgh, and has since de- 
voted himself in that city to the general 
practice of his profession. For eleven 
years he resided downtown, but in 1896 
moved to Oakland. He rapidly rose into 
prominence as a skillful and learned prac- 
titioner of the highest integrity, and has 
long been in possession of an extensive 
clientele. He is Assistant Professor of 
Clinical Medicine in the ]\Iedical Depart- 
ment of the University of Pittsburgh, and 
belongs to the staff of the Mercy Hos- 
pital. 

In the midst of incessant professional 
activity, the pen of Dr. Moyer has not 
been idle. From time to time he has 
contributed to medical journals articles 
which have been commended by the pro- 
fession and favorably received by the 
laity. He is a charter member of the 
Academy of Medicine, of which he was at 

I 



one time president, and also holds mem- 
bership in the American Medical Asso- 
ciation, the Pennsylvania State Medical 
Society, and the Allegheny County Medi- 
cal Society. In politics Dr. Moyer main- 
tains the traditions of his family, being a 
staunch Republican, and he also evinces 
a full share of the public spirit which has 
ever been a characteristic of the race. He 
affiliates with the Masonic fraternity, and 
belongs to the Society of Descendants of 
the Mayflower, the University Club, and 
the Phi Beta Phi college fraternity. He 
is a member and trustee of the Oakland 
Methodist Episcopal Church. Nothing 
about Dr. Moyer is insignificant. He is 
one of those men in whom everything 
tends to reveal character. Were a 
stranger to ask for a description of his 
personality it could, perhaps, be best 
given in these words : He is a physician 
and a gentleman. 

The marriage of Dr. Moyer. on April 
19, 1892, to Lillian, daughter of John and 
Mary A. Carter, of Preston, England, in- 
sured for him that domestic felicity which 
forms so indispensable an element in the 
life of a hard-working and devoted physi- 
cian. Dr. and Mrs. Moyer have been the 
parents of three sons : W^illiam Irwin, 
born July 7, 1893, attended Pittsburgh 
public schools, and will graduate from 
the University of Pittsburgh with the 
class of 1915 ; Joseph C, born December 
II. 1894, died in 1895; and Sanford I., 
born December 26, 1896, educated in 
Pittsburgh public schools, and now at- 
tending Pittsburgh High School. The 
gracious tactfulness of Mrs. Moyer, who 
is a member of the Civic Club, invests 
with rare charm the hospitality which 
she and her husband delight to extend to 
their many friends. 

The career of Dr. Moyer furnishes a 
striking instance of the force of heredity. 
Nowhere has that potent factor in the 
lives of nations and individuals been more 

547 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



notably exemplified than in our own land 
where the varying characteristics of dif- 
ferent races have met and mingled. In 
the case of Dr. Mover the deep nature of 
the steadfast German, the gracious and 
graceful talents of the brilliant French- 
man and the immemorial independence 
of the indomitable Englishman have all 
gone to the making of an able exponent 
of twentieth century medical science — a 
highminded Pittsburgh physician. 

(Uoyal Pedigree of Dr. I. J. Moyer). 

(I) Pepin d'Heristal, a ruler of the 
Franks, born about 650, died 714, grand- 
son of Pepin Landen. 

(II) Charles Alartel, natural son of 
Pepin d'Heristal, Duke of Austria, born 
about 690, died 741. 

(III) Pepin, "The Short," King of the 
Franks, born 715, died 768. 

(IV) Charlemagne, or Charles the 
Great, a great king of the Franks, and 
emperor of the Romans, born April 2, 
742 or 747, died January 28, 814; his 
queen was Desiderata, daughter of De- 
siderius. King of Lombard. 

(V) Louis le Debonnaire, sur. "Le- 
Pieux," King of France, reckoned as 
Charles I. ; born 778, died June 20, 840 ; 
emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, 814- 
840; his wife Judith. 

(VI) Charles II. sur. "The Bald," King 
of France and emperor of the Romans, 
born June 13, 823, at Frankfort-on-the- 
Main, died October 6, 877; wife was Od- 
giwe. 

(VII) Yisela, daughter of above, be- 
came the wife of Rolf the Norseman, who 
came to Normandy about 860. and was 
first Duke of Normandv. 

(VIII) William "Longsword," second 
Duke of Normandy, born about 943. 

(IX) Richard "The Fearless," third 
Duke of Normandy ; reigned more than 
fifty years died 996. 

(X) Richard "The Good," fourth Duke 
of Normandy; died 1026. 

I 



(XI) Richard, fifth Duke of Nor- 
mandy; died 1028; wife was Judith. 

(XII) Robert "The Magnificent," sixth 
Duke of Normandy; died 1035. 

(XIII) William "The Conqueror," sev- 
enth Duke of Normandy and King of 
England; born 1027; died 1087; his wife 
was Maud (sometimes called Matilda) 
daughter of Baldwin, fifth Count of Flan- 
ders ; she born about 1031 and died 1083. 

(XIV) Henry I., King of England; 
died 1 135, in Normandy, aged 67, and was 
buried in the Abbey Church at Reading; 
married, iioi, Maud (sometimes called 
Matilda) who died 11 18, daughter of Mal- 
colm Canmose, King of Scotland, son of 
Duncan I. 

(XV) Maud (daughter of Henry I.), 
died 1 1 67; she married Geofifrey Planta- 
genet, who died 1150; he Count of Anjou 
and son of Fulk, King of Jerusalem. 

(XVI) Henry II., King of England, 
born 1 133, died 1 189 ; wife was Eleanor, 
daughter of Duke of Aquitaine ; she died 
1204. 

(XV^II) John, King of England; Mag- 
na Charta ; 1215 A. D., John by the Grace 
of God, King of England, Lord of Ire- 
land, Duke of Normandy and Aquitaine, 
"Count of Anjou;" died 1216; married 
1200, Isabel, daughter of Aymer, Count 
of Angouleme and Alicia; granddaughter 
of Louis VI., of France; died 1245. 

(XVIII) Henry III., King of England; 
died 1272, married, 1236, Eleanor, daugh- 
ter of Berenger, Count of Provence. 

(XIX) Edward I., King of England; 
born June 17, 1239; reigned 1272-1307; 
died July 7, 1307; married Eleanor, 
daughter of Ferdinand HI., King of Cas- 
tile ; she died 1290. 

(XX) Joan Plantagenet, second daugh- 
ter of Edward I. and Eleanor, daughter 
of Ferdinand HI., King of Castile, died 
1305; married Gilbert DeCIare, Earl of 
Gloucester, who died 1293. 

(XXI) Margaret DeClare, second 
548 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



daughter of Gilbert DeClare, Earl of 
Gloucester, died 1342; married Hugh de 
Audley, Earl of Gloucester, who died 

1347- 

(XXII) Margaret de Audley, wife of 
Ralph Stafford, first Earl of Stafford, and 
one of the founders of the Order of the 
Garter ; he died 1372. 

(XXIII) Hugh Staft'ord, second Earl 
of Stafford, born 1342. died September 26, 
13S6; wife was Phillipa, daughter of 
Thomas Beauchamp, eleventh Earl of 
Warwick; she died 1369. 

(XXIV) Edmund Stafford, fifth Earl 
of Stafford, died July 21, 1403; wife was 
Anne, daughter of Thomas, Duke of 
Gloucester, and Eleanor Bohum ; daugh- 
ter of the Earl of Hereford and grand- 
daughter of Edward HI. 

(XXV) Sir Humphrey Stafford, first 
Duke of Buckingham, born 1402, died 
1460; wife was Anna, daughter of Ralph 
Neville, first Earl of Westmoreland ; she 
died September 20, 1440. 

(XXVI) Margaret Stafford, born 1438, 
became the wife of Robert Dunham, born 
1430 (see Dunham line). 

(Dunham Line). 

(I) Rychert Dunham, born 1294, set- 
tled in Devonshire, England. 

(H) Robert Dunham, born 13 18, son 
of above. 

(HI) Robert Dunham, son of above 
Robert, born 1348. 

(IV) Gregoire Dunham, son of Robert 
(2), was born 1382; married Elizabeth 
Maryage, of Danby. 

(V) Robert Dunham, born 1430, son of 
Gregoire and Elizabeth (Maryage) Dun- 
ham ; married Margaret Stafford, daugh- 
ter of Sir Humphrey Stafford, born 1435, 
first Duke of Buckingham and his wife, 
Anna, daughter of Ralph Neville (first 
Earl of Westmoreland). 

(VI) Sir John Dunham, son of above, 
born 1460; married Elizabeth Bowett, 
daughter of Sir Nicholas Bowett and Eliz- 



abeth La Zouche. Elizabeth Bowett was 
direct descendant from Earl William de 
Berg, an xA.nglo-Norman Lord of Con- 
naught, Duke of Jetland and Earl of Ul- 
ster, who died 1332, who married Aland, 
daughter of Henry, Earl of Lancaster, 
and granddaughter of Edward ist. 

(VH) Ralph Dunham, born 1526, son 
of above, married Elizabeth Wentworth, 
born about 1536, daughter of Sir Thomas 
Wentworth ; she was in direct descent 
from John Wentworth, of North Elmsall, 
who was born 1397, and married Mar- 
gery, daughter of Sir Philip Spenser and 
his wife, Elizabeth Tibot, Lord of the 
Manor of Nettlestead, Sir Thomas Went- 
worth, father of Elizabeth Wentworth. 
was styled the Knight of the Reforma- 
tion. 

(VIII) Thomas Dunham, son of above, 
was born 1560, and married Janet Brom- 
ley. 

(IX) John Dunham, born 15S9, at 
Scrooby, England, son of above, married 
.\bigail Barlow ; first Dunham to come to 
America; was one of deputies of the Gen- 
eral Court of Plymouth. 

(X) Benajah Dunham, son of above, 
born 1640, at Plymouth, Massachusetts; 
about 1672 he migrated with his family to 
New Jersey; died December 24, 1680; 
married Elizabeth, daughter of Edmund 
Tilson. 

(XI) Rev. Edmund Dunham, son of 
above, born July 25, 1661, died March 17, 
1734: married, July 15, 1681, Mary Bon- 
ham, daughter of Nicholas Bonham, of' 
Massachusetts; she born October 4. 1661, 
died 1742 (see Fuller line). 

(XII) Rev. Jonathan Dunham, son of 
above, born August 16, 1693, died March 
10, 1777, in Piscataway, New Jersey; 
married, August 5, 1714, Joan Piatt, born 
1695, died September 15, 1779, she of 
Huguenot descent. 

(XIII) David Dunham, born October 
14, 1723, son of above; he married Re- 

549 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



becca Dunn, who died August 30, 1734- 
David Dunham died October 6, 1806. 

(XIV) Jonathan Dunham, born 1751. 
son of above, married Sarah Lenox. 

(X\') Jonathan Dunham, born Decem- 
ber 25, 1775, son of above; died March 
6, 1856; married Mary Clark, June 23, 
1801 ; she born February 11, 1783, died 
April 15, 1869. Their daughter, 

(XVI) Agnes Nancy Dunham, born 
June 30. 1814, died December 20, 1859, 
married, April 6, 1837, William Moyer, 
born February 2, 1813, died February 21, 
1888 ; their son was 

(XVII) Irwin Justus Moyer (subject 
of this memoir). 

(FuUer Line). 

(I) Edward Fuller, who came over on 
the "Mayflower," his son was 

(II) Samuel Fuller, who married Jane 
Lothrop, and had 

(III) Hannah Fuller, born at Scituate, 
Massachusetts, June 9, 1638, died at Pis- 
cataway, New Jersey ; married at Barn- 
stable, Massachusetts, January i, 1658, 
Nicholas Bonham, born at Barnstable, 
Massachusetts, died at Piscataway, New 
Jersey, July 20. 1684; their daughter 

(IV) Mary Bonham, born at Barn- 
stable, Massachusetts, October 4, 1661, 
died at Piscataway, New Jersey, July, 
1742; married, July 15, 1681, Rev. Ed- 
mund Dunham (see Dunham line, gen- 
eration XI). 

Fuller arms : Argent, three bars gules, 
on a canton of the second a castle or. 
Crest : A dexter arm embowed, vested 
argent, cufifed sable, holding in the hand 
proper a sword of the first, hilt and pom- 
mel or. Motto: "Scml^cr paratus." 



RINEHART, William, 

Enterprising Business Man, TTsefnl Citizen. 

For more than a century the name of 
Rinehart has been identified with Pitts- 
burgh and the records of a number of 

I 



members of this distinguished family are 
part of the city's history. Before our re- 
trospective imagination rises the vision of 
the little frontier town, with its infant 
industries, its limited political and re- 
ligious interests and its nascent social 
life, and with this vision rises, in vivid 
realization, the forms of the men who 
were pioneers in the development of these 
elements, laying the foundation on which 
their successors have reared the mighty 
city of the present time. Conspicuous 
among the leaders of that early and most 
momentous period was the late William 
Rinehart, of the celebrated old firm of 
W. & D. Rinehart, and influentially iden- 
tified with the religious and philanthro- 
pic interests of Pittsburgh. Air. Rine- 
hart was, in fact, associated with every 
movement which in his judgment made 
for the welfare and advancement of the 
city of which he was an almost lifelong 
resident. 

Frederick Rinehart, founder of the 
American branch of the family, was a 
native of Germany, and in 1690 emigrated 
to Pennsylvania, taking up his abode in 
Philadelphia, and later becoming one of 
the original settlers of Germantown. 

David Rinehart, son of another Fred- 
erick Rinehart, and a descendant of the 
immigrant, was born July 25, 1779. in 
Chester county, Pennsylvania, whence he 
migrated in 1805 to Pittsburgh, where he 
opened a store on Penn avenue, and be- 
came known as one of the prosperous 
merchants of the city. He married Mary 
Mahood, of Scotch-Irish descent, born 
February 14, 1784, in County Armagh, 
Ireland. Mary Mahood came to the 
United States in January. 1801. Mr. and 
Mrs. Rinehart were the parents of two 
sons : William, mentioned below ; and 
David, born September 23, 1810, died in 
1881. The latter years of Mr. Rinehart's 
life were spent as a farmer in Allegheny 
county, and it was there he died, Novem- 
550 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ber 7, 1S59, his widow passing away Jan- 
uary II, 1S71. Both Mr. and Mrs. Rine- 
hart were members of the First Presby- 
terian Church. 

William, son of David and Mary (Ma- 
hood) Rinehart, was born October i, 
1808, between the boundaries of Pitts- 
burgh and McKeesport, and while he was 
still a young child his parents removed to 
the city proper. It was in the schools of 
Pittsburgh that the boy received his edu- 
cation, and his first employment was a 
clerkship in the Pittsburgh post office. 
Later he was employed in the store of 
Moses Atwood, and it was there that he 
first developed that unusual talent for 
business which distinguished him to the 
close of his long and useful life. 

In 1836, Mr. Rinehart, in association 
with his brother David, organized the 
firm of W. & D. Rinehart, tobacco manu- 
facturers. Their first place of business 
was situated in Seventh street, on the 
present site of the Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association building, and later they 
removed to a structure on Wood street, 
opposite McCreery's store. After remain- 
ing there for a long time they purchased 
a warehouse on Short and Water streets. 
From the outset the enterprise was suc- 
cessful, the concern becoming a leader in 
its own special line. Its prosperity was 
largely due to the capable management 
and sound judgment of the senior part- 
ner. As a business man, Mr. Rinehart 
was in many respects a model, just and 
kind to his subordinates and associates 
and of absolutely unblemished integrity. 
He was one of the founders and a direc- 
tor of the Pittsburgh Insurance Com- 
pany. 

While never seeking to figure promi- 
nently in any public light, Mr. Rinehart 
took an active interest in municipal af- 
fairs, and in 1849 was elected member of 
the Select Council from the Fourth Ward. 
In 1854 he was nominated by the Native 



American party for the office of mayor of 
Pittsburgh. In 1868 he became manager 
of the House of Refuge, and he also 
served as a director of the Morganza Re- 
form School. His discharge of duty in 
all these positions of public trust was 
such as reflected honor on himself and 
gave the utmost satisfaction to his fellow 
citizens. 

In politics Mr. Rinehart was a staunch 
Republican, and was frequently consulted 
on matters of municipal importance. 
Widely charitable, so desirous was he of 
avoiding the slightest semblance of os- 
tentation that the full number of his bene- 
factions will in all probability never be 
known to the world. He was one of the 
original members of the First Methodist 
Protestant Church, near the corner of 
Fifth avenue and Smithfield street, and 
was prominently associated with its work 
and support. 

The ripe and varied experience of Mr. 
Rinehart, combined with his judicial mind 
and his careful observation of men and 
events, made him at all times the trusted 
counsellor of his friends, both, young and 
old, who sought his aid in the settlement 
of doubts and disputes, the adjustment 
of differences, and the accomplishment of 
reconciliations. He seemed always, in his 
ardor for progress and improvement, like 
an incarnation of the spirit of his century. 
Those who were familiar with his fine 
personal appearance cannot fail to remem- 
ber how well it illustrated his character. 
His countenance bore the imprint of the- 
traits which made him what he was and 
his eyes were the eyes of a man who has 
seen and thought and done. His presence 
was felt as that of a doer, one of those 
who constitute the bulwark of the 
strength and development of great cities. 

Mr. Rinehart married (first) October 
6, 1835, Mary Ann, daughter of John and 
Elizabeth (Brannon) Ing, of Pittsburgh. 
Mr. Ing was a member of a Baltimore 



1551 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



family of English origin. Mr. and Mrs. 
Rinehart were the parents of the follow- 
ing children: Edward Everett; William, 
deceased; Alfred, also deceased; Clarence 
C, a prominent Pittsburgh physician ; 
Frank Atwood, secretary and treasurer of 
the Standard Underground Cable Com- 
pany; David, died young; Frederick, of 
Butte, Montana; Mary, died young; 
Charles Thomas, also died young; and 
Harry, born December 29, 1855, was in 
printing business in Pittsburgh, and died 
August 9, 1879. Mrs. Rinehart, who was 
born September 8, 1816, in Pittsburgh, 
died June 15, i860, and Mr. Rinehart mar- 
ried (second) September 20, 1864, Mrs. 
Louisa A. Hancock, born September 17, 
1831. sister of the late John J. Gillespie, 
of Pittsburgh. By this marriage Mr. 
Rinehart became the father of two chil- 
dren : Stanley Marshall, born January 25, 
1867, a well known Pittsburgh physician, 
married Mary Roberts, of that city and 
has children ; and Lulie, died in infancy. 
Mrs. Rinehart died February 25, 1868, 
and Mr. Rinehart married (third) No- 
vember 17, 1869, Mrs. IMargaret Alsbrook, 
of Washington, D. C, daughter of Mr. 
and Mrs. McFarland, of Virginia. Mrs. 
Rinehart died May 24, 1872, and Mr. 
Rinehart married (fourth) Jane Elliott 
Ogden, daughter of Robert Smith and 
Rebecca H. (Henderson) Smith, and 
widow of Dr. Samuel M. Ogden, of 
Blairsville, Pennsylvania. 

Edward Everett Rinehart, the eldest of 
the children of William Rinehart, was 
born May 19, 1836, and married, April 
24, 1861, Annie G. McPheely. There were 
born to them the following children, all 
of whom are now living: William ; Alfred 
Walter; Clarence C. ; Edward Everett; 
Charles Augustus ; Harry ; Anne, married 
James Dallas, of Pittsburgh ; and Edith, 
married Neil Young, of Virginia ; Edward 
Everett Rinehart, the father, died March 
21, 1914. 



A long and useful life was that of Wil- 
liam Rinehart, fruitful in everything cal-. 
culated to promote the best interests of 
his home city. He possessed the ability 
to look far ahead and foretell results, and 
as a purchaser and owner of real estate 
he contributed largely to the develop- 
ment of certain portions of Pittsburgh. 
When he passed away, January 9, 1880, 
"full of years and of honors," the city 
mourned the loss of one who had stood 
for many years, blameless in purpose and 
fearless in conduct, eminent by reason of 
his own force of character and valued as 
such a man deserved to be. Realizing 
that he would not pass this way again he 
made wise use of his opportunities and 
wealth, conforming his life to a high 
standard and leaving a record in all re- 
spects harmonious with the history of an 
honorable ancestry. 

William Rinehart was a man of large 
nature, aiding both by precept and ex- 
ample in the development of all that was 
best in the life of his community. As one 
of a group of noble mid-century Pitts- 
burgh business men his city honors him 
and his works follow him. 



RINEHART, Clarence C, 

Physician, Hospital Official. 

Prominent among the physicians who, 
for more than a quarter of a century, have 
upheld the prestige of the medical profes- 
sion in Pittsburgh, is Dr. C. C. Rinehart, 
consulting physician of the Pittsburgh 
Homrcopathic Hospital. Dr. Rinehart is 
identified with a number of the leading 
interests of his native city and takes a 
public-spirited part in their maintenance 
and promotion. 

Clarence C. Rinehart was born January 
6, 1844, in the downtown part of Pitts- 
burgh, and is a son of the late William 
ind Mary Ann (Ing) Rinehart. His early 
education was received in the old Fourth 



155^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Ward public school, whence he passed to 
the Pittsburgh High School, and then for 
a time was under the private tuition of 
Professor James R. Newell. He began 
the study of medicine, but those were 
the exciting days of the Civil War, and it 
was not long before he abandoned his 
books in order to enlist in the Union 
army, and not until November, 1864. did 
he return to the pursuits and occupations 
of civil life. 

On finding himself once more in Pitts- 
burgh, the young soldier became the 
bookkeeper of the First National Bank 
and within a short time was promoted to 
the position of teller. On February 20, 
1868, he resigned, being needed, in con- 
sequence of the death of a cousin, to fill 
a place in his father's business. Amid all 
these changes, however, he remained 
loyal to his first choice, and in 1869, de- 
spite the engrossing nature of his duties. 
he resumed the study of medicine under 
the preceptorship of Dr. Marcelin Cote 
and Dr. James H. McClelland. Event- 
ually he entered Hahnemann Medical 
College, Philadelphia, and in March. 1878. 
received from that institution the degree 
of Doctor of Medicine. 

Without delay. Dr. Rinehart began 
general practice in Hazelwood and re- 
mained until 1892, achieving the success 
which was to be expected from a man of 
his thorough equipment, native ability 
and tenacity of purpose. He then re- 
moved to the city proper, and has there 
continued to practice to the present time, 
holding the position of a recognized 
leader in professional circles. Immedi- 
ately after graduation he became a mem- 
ber of the stafif of the Pittsburgh Homoeo- 
pathic Hospital, and has now for many 
years been its consulting surgeon, also 
serving on the executive committee. He 
is one of the faculty of the Pittsburgh 
Training School for Nurses and, has an 
enviable reputation as a lecturer. He be- 



longs to the American Institute of 
Homoeopathy, the Pennsylvania State 
Homoeopathic Society, of which he was 
president in the nineties, and the Alle- 
gheny County Homoeopathic Society. He 
was one the founders and has been vice- 
president of the East End Doctors' Club 
ever since. 

In all matters pertaining to the welfare 
and advancement of his home city, Dr. 
Rinehart takes the keen and helpful in- 
terest of a good citizen, but does not par- 
ticipate in politics beyond supporting by 
his vote and influence the principles of 
the Republican party. His charities are 
numerous but bestowed in the quietest 
manner possible. He affiliates with 
Franklin Lodge, No. 221, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, and Duquesne Chapter, 
Royal Arch Masons, and is a member of 
the First Methodist Protestant Church. 

As a man of much force of character 
and peculiarly strong individuality. Dr. 
Rinehart is a distinctive figure both in 
and out of his profession and his genial 
personality has won him a host of friends 
in every class of the community. Of 
average height and possessing the gift of 
"presence," his gray hair and white mus- 
tache imparting singular impressiveness 
to a countenance on which are stamped 
the qualities which go to the making of 
the learned, large-minded and benevolent 
physician, he looks, pre-eminently, exactly 
what he is. 

Dr. Rinehart married. January 6. 1870, 
Laura V., daughter of John and Hannah . 
(Broadhead) Robson, of Pittsburgh, both 
natives of England. Mr. Robson was in 
the coke and chain business on Second 
avenue, the firm name being first John 
Robson and later John Robson & Son. 
The following children were born to Dr. 
and IVIrs. Rinehart : Frank Atwood ; 
Frederick Percy, died in boyhood ; and 
Laura Broadhead, wife of Dr. James K. 
Perrine, of the old Baltimore family of 



1553 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



that name. Dr. Perrine is a specialist of 
the eye and ear, and is now practicing in 
Pittsburgh. Their children are : Clar- 
ence Rinehart, born September 4, 1904; 
Virginia Robson, died in childhood ; Elea- 
nor Morange ; and Elizabeth Kuhn. 

Frank Atwood Rinehart was born 
April 4, 1872. received his early education 
in Pittsburgh, then attended Adrian Col- 
lege, then afterward attended the Uni- 
versity of Michigan, and is now connect- 
ed with the firm of W. G. Johnston & 
Company. He married Harriet, daugh- 
ter of Walter Church, and niece of Sam- 
uel Harden Church, whose biography and 
portrait appear elsewhere in this work. 
Mr. and Mrs. Rinehart have four chil- 
dren : Dorothy ; Mary ; Frank Atwood, 
born August 17. 1905 ; and Harriet. 

A man of strong domestic tastes and 
affections. Dr. Rinehart passes his hap- 
piest hours at his own fireside. He and 
his wife — a woman of charming person- 
ality—are "given to hospitality" and to 
their rare gifts as host and hostess their 
many friends can abundantly testify. By 
associating with professional prestige a 
name already synon3aiious with business 
talent and probity Dr. Rinehart has in- 
vested with additional distinction an old 
and honored Pennsylvania family. 



RINEHART, Frank Atwood, 
Man of Affairs. 

Any list of the veteran business men of 
Pittsburgh would be incomplete without 
the name of Frank Atwood Rinehart, sec- 
retary and treasurer of the Standard 
Underground Cable Company. Not only 
is Mr. Rinehart prominent in the busi- 
ness world, but he is also conspicuous in 
Masonic circles and is associated with the 
social life and the religious interests of 
his home cit}'. 

Frank Atwood Rinehart was born De- 
cember 15, 1845, in Pittsburgh, and is a 



son of the late William and Mary Ann 
(Ing) Rinehart. The boy was educated 
in schools of the Fourth Ward of his na- 
tive city, taking the full course and in due 
time graduating. In 1S63 he entered upon 
his business career as clerk in the First 
National Bank, and during the years that 
he spent there acquired a fund of experi- 
ence which developed the financial ability 
for which, in later life, he became distin- 
guished. 

In 1870 Mr. Rinehart resigned his posi- 
tion and associated himself with the 
wholesale tobacco business conducted by 
his father and uncle, returning in 1880 
after ten years of commercial life to his 
former occupation of banking. He ac- 
cepted a clerkship in the Exchange Na- 
tional Bank, holding it until the latter 
part of 1882, when he became bookkeeper 
for L. W. Dalzell & Company, iron 
brokers, with whom he remained until 
1891. In that year Mr. Rinehart assumed 
his present position of secretary and 
treasurer of the Standard Underground 
Cable Company, afterwards being also 
represented on its directorate. This or- 
ganization is one of Pittsburgh's very 
large industries, and its present flourish- 
ing condition is due in no small measure 
to the activity, energy, sagacity and re- 
sourcefulness of the man who holds the 
important dual office mentioned above. 
Mr. Rinehart is also one of the directors 
of the Exchange National Bank, in which 
he formerly served as clerk. 

Intensely public-spirited, this man of 
tireless industry finds time, in the midst 
of incessant business activity, to give 
loyal support to all measures which he 
deems conducive to the progress and well- 
being of Pittsburgh. He adheres to the 
Republican party, but has no inclination 
for office-holding, preferring to give his 
undivided attention to the great business 
enterprise with which he is so vitally con- 
nected. A liberal giver to charity, he 
554 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



shuns, in this phase of his activity, every- 
thing approaching to publicity. He is a 
thirty-second degree Mason, affiliating 
vi'ith Crescent Lodge, No. 576, and also 
belonging to the Knights Templar. His 
only club now is the Automobile, but he 
has been at different times identified with 
a considerable number. Since 1867 he has 
been a member of the First Methodist 
Protestant Church, and he now holds the 
offices of trustee and president of the 
board of stewards. 

The personality of Mr. Rinehart is that 
of a man exceptionally forceful and ag- 
gressive but entirely without rashness. It 
is to this combination of qualities that 
he owes his power to make great ventures 
with safety and success and to his union 
of determination with tactfulness may be 
traced his ability to win the friendship 
and esteem of men. Of medium stature 
and commanding appearance, his strong 
yet sensitive features accentuated by gray 
hair and moustache, and his whole aspect 
expressive of decision coupled with gen- 
erous impulses and a genial disposition, 
he is a fine type of the true Pittsburgh 
business man. 

Mr. Rinehart married. May 18, 1871, 
Luella A., daughter of John A. and Lu- 
cina (Stubbs) Scott, who came from the 
eastern part of the state to Pittsburgh, 
Mr. Scott engaging in the grocery busi- 
ness in Allegheny, now the North Side. 
Mr. and Mrs. Rinehart are the parents 
of the following children : Jennie Dale, 
educated in Pittsburgh schools, married 
Louis B. Fleming, of that city, and has 
two children: Helen Louise, and Frank 
Rinehart, the latter born December 3, 
1900; Clarence C, born February 17, 
1876; and Nellie D., educated in Pitts- 
burgh schools, married David J. Mar- 
shall, of the Speck-Marshall Company of 
that city, and has two children : Luella 
R., and Margaret T. Clarence C. Rine- 
hart, adopted the profession of dentistry, 



married May Pearce, of Pittsburgh, and 
died December 12, igog, leaving one child, 
Willis D., born February i, igo7. 

So essentially domestic is Mr. Rine- 
hart that, in order to have more time to 
spend with his family, he withdrew from 
all clubs but the one with which he is 
now connected. He is peculiarly happy in 
his union with a charming, congenial 
woman, who. like himself, delights in the 
exercise of hospitality and is devoted to 
home and its interests. 

Two generations of Rineharts helped tc 
make Pittsburgh great. Frank Atwood 
Rinehart, as the representative of the 
third generation, has ably continued in a 
larger way and with more far-reaching 
results a record which is a storv of honor. 



EASTMAN, Henry, 

Ophthalmologist, Professional Anthor. 

As an ophthalmologist of national repu- 
tation. Dr. Henry Eastman easily ranks 
among the foremost Pittsburgh special- 
ists. Widely known as a practitioner, he 
has also won recognition as a writer on 
subjects pertaining to that branch of his 
profession to which he has chosen to de- 
vote himself. 

Henry Eastman was born September 
29, 1869, at Merritstown, Pennsylvania, 
and is a son of Dr. Henry and Mary 
(Porter) Eastman, the former a promi- 
nent physician of Merritstown and a rep- 
resentative of an old family. The boy 
attended the public schools of the place 
and the local academy, and then went to 
St. Vincent's College, where he was pre- 
pared to enter Washington and Jeffer- 
son College. After studying for a time 
at that institution he took a special course 
in chemistry at Mount Union College, 
subsequently matriculating at Jefferson 
Medical College, Philadelphia, and gradu- 
ating in 1892 with the degree of Doctor 
of Medicine. 



[555 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



For some time thereafter Dr. Eastman 
was line surgeon at the Northern Pacific 
Hospital, Missouli, Montana, but in 1894 
he opened an office in Brownsville, Penn- 
sylvania, and for ten years devoted him- 
self to general practice. His inclination, 
however, tended toward specialization, 
and at the end of that time he went to 
Philadelphia for the purpose of doing 
post-graduate work in the treatment of 
diseases of the eye. His interest in the 
subject led him to take a course of study 
at the University of Vienna, and in 1906, 
eighteen months after leaving Browns- 
ville, he established himself in Pittsburgh 
as an ophthalmologist. Success attended 
him from the outset, he rapidly built up 
a large and lucrative clientele, acquiring 
at the same time a reputation which, in- 
creasing with the lapse of years, has now 
become national and his name is familiar 
to the scientific world as that of one of 
the finest ophthalmologist in the United 
States. 

For some years Dr. Eastman has been 
ophthalmologist on the statT of the West 
Pennsylvania Hospital, and he belongs to 
the American Academy of Ophthalmol- 
ogy, the American Medical Association, 
the Pennsylvania State Medical Associa- 
tion and the Allegheny County Medical 
Society. As an author he is widely 
known, his contributions to medical jour- 
nals having met with a favorable recep- 
tion from the profession and the general 
public. He occupies offices in association 
with Dr. Swope, whose biography and 
portrait appear elsewhere in this work. 

In politics Dr. Eastman is a Repub- 
lican, and takes the interest of a good 
citizen in everything that tends to pro- 
mote the progress anl well-being of his 
home city. He is a thirty-second degree 
Mason, and belongs to the Duquesne 
Club. The church of which he is an at- 
tendant is the Presbyterian. 

Believers in heredity — that much dis- 



cussed and apparently nevei-to-be-settled 
question — would claim that their theory 
received corroboration from the appear- 
ance and personality of Dr. Eastman, and 
it would, indeed, be impossible to deny 
the apparent justice of their claim. Tall 
in stature and of fine presence, with a face 
of strength and refinement and eyes 
keenly but most kindly observant, the 
doctor looks what he is — the courteous 
gentleman and polished physician. 

By his marriage, on July 2, 1903, to 
Evelyn, daughter of D. O. Gates, of the 
Maple View farms of Springfield, Penn- 
sylvania, Dr. Eastman gained the life 
companionship of a woman admirably 
fitted to be to him a true and sympathiz- 
ing helpmate. Airs. Eastman is a mem- 
ber of various clubs and her gracious 
tactfulness renders her an ideal hostess. 
Dr. Eastman numbers many warm 
friends both in and out of his profession 
and his home is a centre of true hospi- 
tality. 

As the son of a man who was an honor 
to the medical profession Dr. Eastman 
inherits his remarkable fitness for his 
chosen calling. He himself, with a wider 
field and larger opportunities, has made 
the name of Henry Eastman distin- 
guished in the history of medicine not 
only in the old Commonwealth but 
throughout the United States. 



McGIRR, John E., 

Physician, Surgeon, Author. 

Conspicuous in that noble group com- 
posed of the old-time physicians of Pitts- 
burgh is the figure of Dr. John E. Mc- 
Girr, numbered, during the latter years of 
his life, among the leading practitioners 
of the Iron City and counted as one of 
her most eminent and valued citizens. 

Patrick McGirr, father of John E. Mc- 
Girr, was a native of Clovis, Ireland, and 
graduated as a physician at the Royal 



1556 




^=:^-'7rtC^ <P- ^^ ^-^c-^.^' 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



College of Physicians and Surgeons, Lon- 
don, England, in 1814. After practicing 
there for a short time he emigrated to 
the United States about 1816, settling in 
the vicinity of Baltimore, Maryland. 
Subsequently Dr. McGirr removed to 
Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania, 
where he practiced successfully for a num- 
ber of years. He married Ann McArdle, 
of Finlany, Ireland, and his death occur- 
red at Chicago, Illinois, on November 6, 
1862, aged eighty-one years. 

John E. AIcGirr, son of Patrick and 
Ann (McArdle) McGirr, was born May 
I, 1820, in Youngstown, Westmoreland 
county, Pennsylvania, and enjoyed every 
advantage of education. At the age of 
fifteen he entered Mt. St. Mary's College 
at Emmitsburg, Maryland, graduating at 
the end of five years, June 2, 1840, with 
the degree of Master of Arts. After at- 
tending lectures in the Medical Depart- 
ment of the University of Pennsylvania, 
he graduated at Rush Medical College, 
Chicago, Illinois. He first began the prac- 
tice of his profession in Derry, West- 
moreland county, Pennsylvania, on Sep- 
tember 7, 1841, thereafter moving to IIol- 
lidaysburg, Blair county, on June i, 1843. 
In 1S47 he removed to Chicago, arriving 
there about March 25. There he prac- 
ticed his profession as a physician for 
some years, being surgeon-in-chief at the 
Mercy Hospital, at the same time con- 
tinued m his study of law. While in 
Chicago he was appointed Professor of 
Botany, Chemistry. Anatomy, Physi- 
ology and Hygiene in the University of 
St. Mary's of the Lake. He remained two 
years, and before his departure the facul- 
ty conferred upon him the degree of Doc- 
tor of Laws. He was admitted to the 
bar HI Chicago in 1852, and to the United 
States Circuit and District courts in 
May, 1854. He was afterward admitted 
to the bar of Westmoreland county, 
Pennsylvania, at the November term. 



1S55, and to the bar of Bedford county, 
Pennsylvania, at the April term, i860. 
When the cholera epidemic broke out in 
Chicago, the services of all the physicians 
were in great demand, and resigning the 
practice of law, he devoted himself with 
his father, to the care of those afflicted. 
He contracted the disease himself, and 
his health became so shattered that he 
was forced to retire in 1854 to a farm 
which he purchased in Bedford county, 
Pennsylvania, and resided there for five 
years until his health was fully restored. 
In i860 he removed to the town of Bed- 
ford, where he practiced law for one year, 
and he then removed to Latrobe, West- 
moreland county, taking up again the 
profession of medicine, which he there- 
after practiced continuously until his 
death. He chose to devote himself, as 
his father had done, to the profession of 
medicine, and his entire career, filled as 
it was with valuable and self-sacrificing 
service, abundantly proved that he had 
made no mistake. 

\\ hen the guns bombarding Fort Sum- 
ter thundered the dread announcement of 
civil war. Dr. McGirr hastened to offer 
his services to the government, enlisting 
in the Army of the Cumberland as as- 
sistant division surgeon with Surgeon 
Cooper. After the capitulation of Nash- 
ville, Tennessee, Dr. McGirr's work in 
the hospitals there was unceasing and of 
a most efl^ective character. He was 
placed in charge of the government hos- 
pital where in the line of his duty he dis- 
covered and exposed extensive quinine 
frauds in the department, saving the gov- 
ernment large sums of money. For this 
distinguished service he was highly com- 
plimented by Secretary of War Stanton 
and received the brevet of major. He 
was also appointed special medical in- 
spector of the department of the Cumber- 
land. The surgeons and men of the hos- 
pital testified their appreciation of his 

557 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



work by presenting him witli a sword, 
sash and a paii of gold spurs. 

For six months after the close of the 
war Dr. McGirr remained in the army. 
and then resided for a short time in La- 
trobe. Pennsylvania. In 1866 he came to 
Pittsburgh, where he rapidly acquired a 
large and lucrative practice. His gratui- 
tous services were always at the com- 
mand of the destitute and he was one of 
the physicians who regularly attended the 
Mercy Hospital and other charitable in- 
stitutions. Great as was his reputation 
for skill and learning, it was equalled by 
the fame of his benevolence. 

In all concerns relative to the city's 
welfare. Dr. McGirr ever manifested a 
deep and sincere interest, giving to every 
movement which in his judgment tended 
to promote that end, the unstinted sup- 
port of his influence and means. \n ad- 
vocate of Democratic principles, he was 
never numbered among office-seekers, 
political ambition being totally foreign to 
his nature. He was a member of the 
Roman Catholic church, and of the Alle- 
gheny County Medical Society. 

A highly intellectual man. of quick per- 
ceptions and sharp discrimination. Dr. 
McGirr was ai the same time a theorist 
and a man of action. He was a hard stu- 
dent, loving science for science's sake, 
and he was enthusiastically active in his 
efforts to elevate the standards of the 
medical profession. He was a frequent 
contributor to medical journals, and was 
engaged on an elaborate work on obstet- 
rics at the time of his death. While resid- 
ing in Chicago he wrote and published 
the life of Bishop Quarter, Roman Cath- 
olic Bishop of that diocese, one of the 
pioneers of that section, and a man greatly 
beloved by all classes and creeds. Dr. 
McGirr in his early years contributed 
short stories to the magazines of those 
days, writing under the iwut dc plume of 
"Rush Tourniquet. M. D." A man of 



deeply imbedded convictions as to right 
and duty, these convictions were written 
on his countenance, moulding the lines 
of his strong features and speaking in the 
direct and compelling gaze of his eyes — 
eyes which were at once patient, kindly, 
humorous and philosophical. His aspect 
no less than his life proclaimed his loy- 
alty to his convictions and also showed 
him to be possessed of a genial disposi- 
tion which surrounded him with friends 
both in and out of his profession. He 
was a high-minded physician and a true 
gentleman, a man of broad views, large 
faith and a great heart. 

Dr. McGirr married Bridget Heyden. 
daughter of James and Alice (Lyons) 
Maher, on January 11. 1843, ^" Bedford, 
Pennsylvania. Mrs. McGirr's grand- 
father. William Maher. a distinguished 
gentleman, emigrated from Ireland to the 
United States about 1817. Among the 
nine children born to Dr. and Mrs. Mc- 
Girr were two sons : Francis C, whose 
biography and portrait follow this ; and 
j'ohn J., prominent in the real estate and 
railroad business in McKeesport, now de- 
ceased. The other children were : Mary 
E. Lyons, who died August 26, 1912; 
Annie and Cora, now residing in Bedford. 
Pennsylvania ; Kate and Emma, now 
known as Sisters Camillus and Dolores 
of the Order of Mercy. Pittsburgh, Penn- 
sylvania : Nicholas Lyons, editor of the 
"Bedford Gazette," who died March 17, 
1903 ; Margaret Lyons, who died No- 
\ ember 4, 1886. 

Dr. McGirr's marriage may be truly 
said to have crowned his life, for by it 
he gained the companionship of a charm- 
ing and congenial woman who was an in- 
spirer of his lofty purposes and made his 
home a place of serene delights. Dr. 
McGirr was a devoted husband and 
father. Both he and his wife were "given 
to hospitality" and many now living can 
bear testimonv to their charm as host 



1558 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and hostess. Mrs. McGirr survived her 
husband, passing away February 26, 
1905. 

In the prime of life and the fuU ma- 
turity of all hi.« powers, Dr. McGirr was 
suddenly summoned from the scene ot 
his honorable and beneficent activities, 
breathing his last on October 23, 1870. 
All classes of the community united in 
lamenting and honoring one whose life 
had been a daily example of prcjfessional 
devotion and public-spirited citizenship, 
and whose talents had been unreservedly 
consecrated to the uplifting of humanity. 
Among the many tributes to the chi^rac- 
ter and work of Dr. McGirr was the fol- 
lowing, which appeared in a Pittsburgh 
paper ; 

The announcement of the death of Dr. John 
E. McGirr will carry profound sorrow to the 
entire community, as he was well and favorably 
known, not only throughout the city, but all 
Western Pennsylvania, and had hosts of warm 
friends wherever he was known. 

In every relation of life he sustained a high 
position for integrity and uprightness of char- 
acter. He was one of the physicians whose serv- 
ices were always given gratuitously to the Mercy 
Hospital and other benevolent institutions, and 
in this, as in all other similar circumstances, he 
was noted for his broad and comprehensive 
benevolence. 

The fame of this noble man who was 
fco great an ornament to his profession is 
derived from services rendered not only 
in time of peace, but also in the dark days 
of the Civil War, and in the medical an- 
nals of Pittsburgh no name is invested 
with purer radiance than that of the pa- 
triot-physician. Dr. John E. McGirr. 



McGIRR, Francis Charles, 

Prominent La-nryer. 

The supremacy of Pittsburgh consists 
not alone in her colossal industries, but 
also, and largely, in the strength and ag- 
gressiveness of her learned professions. 

I 



Her bench and bar have ever formed one 
of the main bulwarks of her power, and 
their representatives of the present day 
are no whit behind their noteworthy pre- 
decessors, including as they do such men 
as Francis Charles McGirr, who has now 
for many years been numbered among the 
leaders of his profession in the Iron City. 

Francis Charles McGirr, son of John 
E. and Bridget Heyden (Maher) McGirr, 
was born June 2, 1S53, in Chicago, Il- 
linois. A biography and portrait of the 
father. John E. McGirr, precedes this 
sketch. 

In 1854, he was taken by his parents to 
Youngstown, Pennsylvania. After a 
lapse of a year the family settled on a 
farm in Bedford county, Pennsylvania, 
three miles and a half from the town of 
Bedford. For five years they lived on the 
farm and then spent one year in the town, 
removing, in 1862, to Latrobe, Pennsyl- 
vania, and then taking up their abode in 
Pittsburgh. This was in 1S67, and dur- 
ing the perioc' of their migrations the 
education of Francis Charles, in its pre- 
paratory stages, had been acquired in 
various parochial schools. Soon after 
the removal lo Pittsburgh he entered 
Mount St. Mary's College, Emmitsburg. 
Maryland, but the death of his father 
obliged him tc leave before graduation 
and begin the active work of life. In 
June, 1907, he received from his alma 
mater the honorary degree of Doctor of 
Laws. 

In 1872 Mr. McGirr was employed as 
clerk and bookkeeper in the offices of the 
Baltimore tS: Ohio Railroad Company in 
Pittsburgh, holding fast, meanwhile, to 
his cherished purpose of fitting himself 
for the law, the profession to which his 
talents and inclination alike tended. He 
legistered on January 25, 1877, and his 
evenings were spent in study under the 
preceptorship of Alfred J. Treacy. On 
May 3, 1880, he was admitted to the bar 

559 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of Allegheny county, on motion of John 
D. Shafer, now Judge Shafer. On Octo- 
ber 22, 1883, he was admitted to the 
Supreme Court, on motion of the Hon. 
Thomas M. Marshall. 

The success which has attended Mr. 
McGirr throughout his professional ca- 
reer is the result of innate ability, thor- 
ough equipment and unremitting devo- 
tion to duty. In 1881 he formed a part- 
nership with the late W. D. Moore, a 
famous lawyer of his day, the connection 
remaining unbroken until April i, 1893, 
when Mr. McGirr became associated with 
the late John Marron, one of the bright- 
est and keenest lawyers then in practice 
at the Allegheny county bar. This part- 
nership was dissolved by Mr. Marron's 
death which occurred January 9, 1914. 
Mr. McGirr was one of those who as- 
sisted in the organization of the Penn- 
sylvania State Bar Association at Harris- 
burg, Pennsylvania, January 16, 1895, 
and has ever since been enrolled in its 
membership. He also belongs to the 
American Bar Association and the Alle- 
gheny County Bar Association. 

In politics Mr. McGirr is an Independ- 
ent, with Democratic tendencies. He has 
never consented to be made a candidate 
lor office but his public spirit admits of 
no dispute. He belongs to the Oakmont 
Country Club and finds one of his chief 
recreations in the game of golf. He is a 
member of the Roman Catholic church. 

The successful lawyer is not always a 
man of literary tastes, but Mr. McGirr 
combines, to an unusual degree, the at- 
tributes of the counsellor and the scholar. 
He has been fitted for his work in life 
not by legal studies alone. The perusal 
of history, biography. English literature 
and the classics has, in conjunction with 
inherited traits, endowed him with that 
breadth of culture and liberality of sen- 
timent which mark the finer types in all 
professions. His countenance and man- 

I 



ner are those of the true lawyer and tne 
true gentleman. 

Mr. McGirr married, October 26, 1882, 
Amelia, daughter of Alexander and 
Amelia (Lee) Alcllwaine, and they are 
the parents of three children : Alice 
Thurston, assistant reference librarian at 
the Central Carnegie Library, Pittsburgh ; 
Jean Marie, director of the kindergarten, 
Sterrett School, Pittsburgh ; and Alex- 
ander Lee. The home of Mr. and Mr.s. 
McGirr is at No. 119 West Homewood 
avenue. Pittsburgh. 

In various ways the United States owes 
much to Ireland, but for nothing is she 
more her debtor than for the array of 
professional talent which has come from 
the ancient island to enrich the life and 
learning of the younger nation. Francis 
Charles McGirr is the son and grandson 
of two of our noblest Irish-American 
physicians and by his own record he has 
associated the family name with distinc- 
tion in the profession of law. 



PRICE, Henry Thompson, 

Physician, Professional Instmctor. 

Among the younger generation of 
Pittsburgh physicians, men who though 
still in early middle life have made for 
themselves places of distinction in the 
ranks of the medical fraternity, must be 
numbered Dr. Henry Thompson Price, 
who has for the last ten or twelve years 
devoted himself with marked success to 
the treatment of diseases of children, and 
now holds the assistant professorship on 
Diseases of Children at the University of 
Pittsburgh. 

Henry Thompson Price was born Oc- 
tober 4, 1876, in Allegheny, Pennsylvania, 
now North Side, Pittsburgh, and is a son 
of the late William P. and Margaret Mc- 
Clintock (Whitesell) Price. A biography 
of Mr. Price may be found on another 
page of this work. Henry Thompson 
560 




c::::!^^^^^^, UJ^ J^^c^^ 






ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Price received his preparatory education 
in the public schools and then entered the 
Pennsylvania State College, graduating 
in 1896 with the degree of Bachelor of 
Arts, and in 1900 receiving that of Mas- 
ter of Arts. He was fitted for his profes- 
sion in the Medical Department of the 
University of Pennsylvania which confer- 
red upon him in 1899 the degree of Doc- 
tor of Medicine. 

After spending a year as interne in 
Allegheny General Hospital, Dr. Price 
opened an office in Allegheny and for five 
or six years devoted himself to the general 
practice of his profession. He then gave 
some time to post-graduate work in Ber- 
lin and Vienna, and since his return to 
Pittsburgh has made a specialty of the 
diseases of children, in the treatment of 
which he has been very successful. He is 
a member of the staff of the West Penn- 
sylvania Hospital and that of the Chil- 
dren's Hospital, and consultant on chil- 
dren's diseases to the Presbyterian Hos- 
pital, also serving as attending physician 
to the Industrial Home for Crippled 
Children. Since 1910 Dr. Price has been 
Assistant Professor of the Diseases of 
Children at the University of Pittsburgh. 
The Episcopal Church Home is another 
institution which he serves as attending 
physician. He is librarian of the Acad- 
emy of Medicine, and belongs t o the 
American Medical Association, the Penn- 
sylvania State Medical Association, and 
the Allegheny County Medical Society. 

While precluded by the demands of 
his profession from taking active part in 
politics, Dr. Price is a loyal citizen, vot- 
ing with the Republicans for the further- 
ance of any measure which he deems 
adapted to promote the welfare of Pitts- 
burgh. He belongs to the University 
Club and the Kappa Sigma fraternity. 
He is a member of the Fourth United 
Presbyterian Church, contributing liber- 
ally to its work and support. 

I 



Dr. Price is a man whose personality 
is best explained by his record and whose 
appearance and manner are in accordance 
with it. He has many warm and stead- 
fast friends both in and out of his pro- 
fession. This brief and simple account of 
the career of Dr. Henry Thompson Price 
is of necessity extremely imperfect, for 
it gives only the opening chapters of a 
record the brightest pages of which yet 
remain to be written. 



SHAW, Thomas Wilson, 

Physician, Civil 'War Veteran. 

The nineteenth century, which has now 
receded so far into the past as to seem 
almost like the "last" century, was a 
period of noble progress in the history 
of the medical profession of Pittsburgh, 
and prominent among those who. during 
the entire latter half of the century, up- 
held the prestige of the healing art, was 
the late Dr. Thomas Wilson Shaw, who'c 
record as a practitioner is inscribed with 
honor in the medical annals of Pittsburgh. 
Dr. Shaw was a representative of an an- 
cient Scottish family which has been for 
a century and a half resident in Pennsyl- 
vania. 

The name Shaw, or Schaw, as it was 
formerly spelled, means a small wood, 
called in England a copse. The earliest 
occurrence of the name in Scotland is in 
the Ragman's Roll, which was signed in 
1291 by Fergus del Schawe, Symound del 
Schawe and William de Schawe, all of 
Lanarkshire. They were doubtless the 
progenitors of the Cowland Clan Shaw. 
The name is common in Scotland, occur- 
ing in the records of nearly every county, 
but chiefly in Inverness, Renfrew and 
Perth. Three families of the name seem 
to have been numerically pre-eminent : 
The highland clan Shaw, or Clanquhele, 
of Rothiener. or Rothemurchus, in Inver- 
ness-shire ; the Shaws of Greenock, in 
561 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Renfrewshire, west of Glasgow, on the 
Clyde; and the Cowland clan of Rox- 
burgh and Selkirk. Of these the latter 
seem to have been the most numerous. 

John Schaw, from whom the Shaws of 
Pittsburgh trace their descent, belonged 
to the Schaws of the village of Craig- 
town, parish of Kilmadock, half way be- 
tween Dounc and Callender, Perthshire, 
Scotland. He married, probably before 
1623, Christian Buchanan. She was per- 
haps the daughter of Alexander Buchan- 
an, of Cambusmoir, whose meagre testa- 
ment, dated May 23, 1616, furnishes no 
facts concerning his family. 

(II) Plarie, son of John and Christian 
(Buchanan) Schaw, was baptized June 
3, 1627, and married Janet Squire. His 
burial took place in September, 1685. 

(HI) John (2), son of Harie and Janet 
(Squiie) Schaw, was baptized April 6, 
165 1, and married Marie, who wa^ bap- 
tized December 22, 1650, daughter .>f 
Harie and Janet McQueen, of Scotland. 

(IV) George, son of John (2) and 
Marie (McQueen) Schaw, was baptized 
March 22, 1679, and married December 
II, 1716, Elizabeth Stewart. 

(V) George (2), son of George (i) 
and Elizabeth (Stewart) Schaw, was bap- 
tized June 28. 1722, and married Mary 
Buchanan. 

(VI) John (3) Shaw, son of George (2) 
and Mary (Buchanan) Schaw, was bap- 
tized in 1759, and soon after the close of 
the Revolutionary War emigrated to the 
United States. He was accompanied by 
his three brothers — George, Peter and 
Alexander. George became a cabinet- 
maker of Philadelphia, and Peter a tanner 
of Meadville, Pennsylvania. In their 
adopted country the four brothers all 
married and had children. John Shaw, 
who was the first to spell the name thus, 
had been employed, for several years be- 
fore leaving his native land, in one of the 
largest iron establishments of .Scotland. 



On coming to Pennsylvania he lived for 
a time in Wilkinsburg, Allegheny county, 
and then removed to Pittsburgh, where 
he followed the blacksmith's trade, erect- 
ed one of the first foundries in this 
vicinity and cast the first cannon ever 
made in Pittsburgh. In 1803 he moved 
to Glenshaw, Allegheny county, where he 
built a sawmill and gristmill. He mar- 
ried Elizabeth Wilson whose family rec- 
ord is appended to this biography, and 
their children were: Thomas Wilson, 
mentioned below ; John ; James ; Alex- 
ander; Mary Ann; and Eliza Jane. John 
Shaw died August 17, 1S39, at his home in 
Glenshaw, and his widow passed away 
January 31, 1842. 

(VII) Thomas Wilson, son of John 
(3) and Elizabeth (Wilson) Shaw, was 
born May i, 1796, and for forty years was 
engaged in the manufacture of sickles 
and scythes, his father having built a 
sickle factory. The advent of reaping 
and mowing machines proved detrimental 
to Mr. Shaw's business and he turned hi:; 
attention to the Glenshaw coal mines 
which he operated for many years. He 
was noted for his public spirit, being par- 
ticularly interested in the cause of edu- 
cation and it was through his efiforts that 
the first school-house in that neighbor- 
hood was erected and the present school 
system established. He married, Novem- 
ber 24, 1824, Sarah Scott, whose ancestral 
record is appended to this biography, and 
the following children were born to them : 
Thomas Wilson, mentioned below ; Eliza- 
beth, Margaret, Sarah, Jane, Martha. 
Mary, Ellen K. ; and Catherine Louisa, 
who died young. The mother of these 
children died February 26, 1879, and the 
father survived almost to the completion 
of his ninety-fourth year, breathing his 
last on January 21, 1890. 

(VIII) Thomas Wilson (2), son of 
Thomas Wilson (i) and Sarah (Scott) 
Shaw, was born January 25, 1826, at Glen- 



156^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



shaw, Shaler township, Allegheny county, 
Pennsylvania, and received his literary 
education at the Western University of 
Pennsylvania, now the University of 
Pittsburgh. He was fitted for his profes- 
sion in the INIedical Department of the 
University of Pennsylvania, graduating 
in 1849 with the degree of Doctor of 
Medicine. During his preliminary stud- 
ies his preceptor was Dr. J. P. Gazzan. 
Immediately after graduation Dr. Shaw 
returned to Pittsburgh and entered upon 
a career of general practice which con- 
tinued till the close of his life. He was 
first resident physician at the Mercy Hos- 
pital, and served for years on the staff 
of the West Pennsylvania Hospital. Plis 
private practice was very large, his stand- 
ing with both the medical fraternity and 
the general public being extremely high. 

During the Civil War, Dr. Shaw en- 
listed in the Union army as a surgeon, 
being present at the battles of Shiloh and 
Gettysburg. He returned to Pittsburgh 
with an honorable discharge after a per- 
iod of brave and faithful service. In peace 
no less than in war, Dr. Shaw gave proof 
of patriotism, being active in all the 
duties of citizenship. His affiliations 
were with the Republicans, and his in- 
fluence was always exerted in behalf of 
whatever he deemed calculated to pro- 
mote the city's welfare. Especially was 
he earnest in all that tended to improve 
the educational advantages of the com- 
munity, serving for years on the old 
Fourth ward school board. He was a 
member of the Presbyterian church. 

Strong mental endowments, great force 
of character and strict adherence to the 
loftiest principles lay at the foundation of 
Dr. Shaw's successful career. Learning, 
skill and broad human sympathies com- 
bined to make him the ideal physician and 
no member of the profession was ever 
more loved and venerated. In his appear- 
ance and manner were blended the char- 



acteristics of the man of birth and breed- 
ing and the representative of a noble pro- 
fession. 

On March 14, 1S54, Dr. Shaw married 
Catherine W., daughter of Solomon and 
.Margaret (Wolfe) Stoner, the former a 
merchant of Pittsburgh. The family of 
Dr. and ^Irs. Shaw consisted of three 
daughters and six sons: Henry C, vice- 
president of the Garrison Foundry Com- 
pany, Pittsburgh ; Charles Stoner, a phy- 
sician, died December 2S, 1899 ; Margaret, 
widow of George R. Lawrence, an attor- 
ney of Pittsburgh, who died in 1893, leav- 
ing no children ; George E., of the Pitts- 
burgh law firm of Reed, Smith, Shaw & 
r.eal ; Catherine E., deceased ; Thomas 
Wilson, of Pittsburgh ; Howard, connected 
with the insurance business in Pittsburgh, 
married, but has no children; Elizabeth, 
wife of John C. Oliver, of Pittsburgh, has 
three children ; and Woodward S., assist- 
ant claim agent in Pittsburgh of the Pitts- 
burgh & Lake Erie railroad, married, but 
has no children. Happy in his domestic 
relations. Dr. Shaw was always most con- 
tent at his own fireside where he delight- 
ed to gather his friends about him. His 
devoted wife survived him little more 
than a year, passing away April 19, 1900. 

On January 18, 1899, Dr. Shaw closed 
a life of enlightened endeavor and self- 
denying usefulness, a life which, as phy- 
sician and citizen, had been governed by 
the noblest purposes and inspired by the 
truest spirit of devotion, a life consecrated 
to the service of humanity. Words of 
laudation coupled with the name of Dr. 
Thomas Wilson Shaw are idle and super- 
fluous. His character and work are their 
own eulogy. 

(The Wilson Line). 

Thomas Wilson, father of Mrs. Eliza- 
beth (Wilson) Shaw, was born in 1742, 
presumably in Ireland, and in 1767 emi- 
grated from that country to the province 

563 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of Pennsylvania. Three years later he 
built the first cabin in Penn township, 
which then formed part of Pitt town- 
ship. Indian hostilities obliged him to 
leave it, and for seven years he remained 
in Pittsburgh, returning to his farm after 
the declaration of peace and there passing 
the remainder of his life. He held the 
office of tax collector and was an elder 
in Beulah Presbyterian Church. Mr. Wil- 
son married Agnes , who was born 

about 1734, and their daughter Elizabeth 
is mentioned below. Mr. Wilson died in 
1826 and his widow passed away in 1832, 
aged about ninety-eight years. Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Thomas and Agnes 
Wilson, was born in 1772, and became 
the wife of John (3) Shaw, as stated 
above. 

(The Scott Line). 

Samuel Scott was born in Manchester, 
England, and was by trade a miller. He 
emigrated to the American colonies and 
married Margaret, born in 1736, daughter 
of Amasa Walker, of County Tyrone, Ire- 
land, with whom she came to America 
and settled near Woodstock, Connecticut. 
Mr. and Mrs. Scott had one son, Samuel. 
who is mentioned below. 

(II) Samuel (2). son of Samuel (i) 
and Margaret (Walker) Scott, went on 
an exploring expedition from the head of 
the Elk river in Delaware to the wild 
land of the South. He married and left 
one son, Samuel, who is mentioned be- 
low. Samuel Scott never returned from 
his exploring trip, nor was any word ever 
received concerning him. 

(III) Samuel (3), son of Samuel (2) 
Scott, was born in 1768, and was of Dela- 
ware. After the Revolutionary War he 
settled at Perrysville, Allegheny county, 
Pennsylvania, being one of the founders 
of the place. After remaining two years 
he went back to Delaware and brought 
his family to Nine Mile Run, where he 
left them while he proceeded to his settle- 



ment, afterward returning for them. He 
was a farmer of Ross township, at the 
head of Girtie's Run, Perrysville. Mr. 
Scott married, about 1792, in Delaware, 
Sarah Thompson, and it is said that their 
daughter Elizabeth, who married Wil- 
liam Dilworth, w^as the first white child 
born on the western slope of the Alle- 
gheny mountains. Another daughter, 
Sarah, is mentioned below. Samuel (3) 
Scott died in January, 1839. 

(IV) Sarah, daughter of Samuel (3) 
and Sarah (Thompson) Scott, was born 
July 10, 1799, and became the wife of 
Thomas Wilson (i) Shaw, as stated 
above. 

(The Stoner Line). 

Dr. Thomas Wilson Shaw married 
Catherine Stoner. Solomon Stoner, her 
father, was born March 15, 1796, in Fred- 
erick City, Maryland, and died in Pitts- 
burgh, November 26, 1856 ; his wife was 
Margaret Wolfe, born December 13, 1807, 
died July 26, 1847. Solomon Stoner was 
a son of Dr. John Steiner (original spell- 
ing of name), who was born March 12, 
1774, died December 3, 1854, and who 
married Elizabeth Plank, of Frederick 
City, Maryland, born 1755, died August 
30, 1833, in Hagerstown. Maryland. 

Dr. John Steiner's father was Captain 
John Steiner, who married Catherine 
Elizabeth Ransberg, of Frederick City, 
Maryland. Captain John Steiner was a 
soldier in the Revolutionary War, and 
also in the Indian wars. Captain John 
Steiner was a son of Jacob Steiner, born 
1713, died 1748, who was the emigrant, 
from the Palatinate, Germany, and who 
came to Frederick City, Maryland. 



SHAW, George E., 

Iia-wyer, Financier. 

George E. Shaw, of Reed, Smith, Shaw 
& Beal, one of the leading law firms of 
Pittsburgh has been, for nearly a third 
of a century, enrolled among the legal 



1564 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



practitioners of the Iron City. Mr. Shaw 
is officially identified with a number of 
leading financial and industrial organiza- 
tions of the metropolis and also with 
some of its educational and benevolent 
institutions. 

George E. Shaw was born April 3, 1861 
and is a son of the late Dr. Thomas Wil- 
son and Catherine W. (Stoner) Shaw. 
A biography of Dr. Shaw appears else- 
where in this work. George E. Shaw re- 
ceived his preparatory education in the 
public schools, afterward entering the 
Law Department of the University of 
Michigan, whence he graduated in 1883 
with the degree of Bachelor of Laws. In 
1884 he was admitted to the bar of Alle- 
gheny county, Pennsylvania. Until 1893 
he practiced alone, and then became a 
partner in the law firm of Knox & Reed, 
which later assumed its present style of 
Reed, Smith, Shaw & Beal. The organi- 
zation is one of the most prominent of its 
kind in Pittsburgh. 

The following list of organizations with 
which Mr. Shaw is identified speaks for 
itself: He is a director of the Crucible 
Steel Company of America ; the Pitts- 
burgh, McKeesport & Youghiogheny 
Railroad Company ; the Pittsburgh, Char- 
tiers & Youghiogheny Railway Company ; 
the Pittsburgh & Lake Erie Railroad 
Company ; the Mellon National Bank ; the 
Union Savings Bank and the Union 
Trust Company. 

In politics Mr. Shaw is a Republican, 
and in the welfare and progress of Pitts- 
burgh he ever manifests the interest of a 
good citizen. He is a trustee of the Car- 
negie Institute, and a director of the 
Western Pennsylvania Hospital. His 
clubs are the Duquesne, Union, Univer- 
sity, Allegheny Country and Pittsburgh 
Golf. He attends the Presbyterian 
church. The personality and appearance 
of Mr. Shaw are those of a man of cul- 
tivated tastes, liberal sentiments, quiet 



determination of character and reserved 
but genial disposition. 

Mr. Shaw married, December 19, 1893, 
Mary E., daughter of the late Judge 
Thomas and Julia (Hufnagle) Ewing, of 
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and their chil- 
dren are: Elizabeth, educated at Miss 
Spence's School, New York ; Mary 
Ewing, also educated at Miss Spence's 
School ; and Thomas Ewing, born March 
18, 1900, educated at Shady Side Acad- 
emy. 



SCHILDECKER, Charles Bushfield, 
Snrgeon, Hospital Official. 

Dr. Charles Bushfield Schildecker, gen- 
ito-urinary surgeon to the West Penn- 
sylvania Hospital, holds a leading place 
in the ranks of the prominent young sur- 
geons of Pittsburgh. Dr. Schildecker, in 
addition to being the incumbent of other 
professional positions, is widely and fav- 
orably known as a remarkably success- 
ful surgical practitioner. 

Peter Schildecker, grandfather of Dr. 
Charles Bushfield Schildecker, was for 
years a leading confectioner and caterer 
in the Diamond, highly respected both as 
a business man and citizen. He married 
Louise Gunter, who died in the autumn 
of 1873. aged fifty-two years. He died 
October 9, 1877, in his fifty-seventh year. 

William Schildecker, son of Peter and 
Louise (Gunter) Schildecker, was born 
April 12, 1S45, ^'^d received his educa- 
tion in the old First ward school. For 
twenty years he conducted a flourishing 
confectionery business in Market street, 
retiring about twelve years prior to his 
death. He married. July 21, 1870, Cath- 
erine Louisa Bushfield, born in Wash- 
ington, Pennsylvania, September 2, 1848. 
daughter of James S. and Isabella (Best) 
Bushfield (see Bushfield). Their children 
were: James B., born September 25, 
1872, died June 30, 1880; Charles Bush- 
field, mentioned below ; and May Isabel, 

565 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



wife of Harvey V. ]\IcCullough, of Pitts- 
burgh, and mother of three children, 
Charles Bushheld, Catherine Louise and 
Ann Reed. Mr. Schildecker was a mem- 
ber of the ^Methodist Episcopal church 
and a man of unblemished character in 
every relation of life. He died January 
12, 1915, his wife having passed away 
about two years before. 

Dr. Charles Bushfield Schildecker, son 
of William and Catherine Louisa (Bush- 
field) Schildecker, was born February 8, 
1877, in Allegheny, Pennsylvania, and re- 
ceived his rudimentary education in the 
public schools of his native city, gradu- 
ating in 1S93, and then spending two 
years at the Park Institute, Pittsburgh. 
After studying two years more at Shady 
Side Academy he graduated from that 
institution in 1897, and then entered the 
College of Physicians and Surgeons, Col- 
umbia University, New York City, which 
in 1901 conferred upon him the degree of 
Doctor of Medicine. One year was spent 
as interne in the Pittsburgh City Home 
and Hospital and then the young physi- 
cian made the tour of the world, doing 
post-graduate work at some of the Euro- 
pean universities. 

In 1905 Dr. Schildecker returned to 
Pittsburgh and engaged in general prac- 
tice as assistant to Dr. L. W. Swope. 
Since 1910 Dr. Schildecker has devoted all 
his time to surgery, still maintaining his 
association with Dr. Swope, and has risen 
rapidly into prominence, building up a 
very large practice and winning a most 
enviable reputation. In 1906 he was as- 
sistant surgeon to the South Side Hos- 
pital, and since 1908 has been assistant 
gynaecologist to the West Pennsylvania 
Hospital. In 1909 he was demonstrator of 
anatomy at the University of Pittsburgh, 
in 1912 he was appointed surgeon at the 
West Pennsylvania Hospital and for the 
last ten years he has been senior coroner's 
physician of the city of Pittsburgh. He 



belongs to the American Association of 
Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, the 
American Medical Association, the Penn- 
sylvania State Medical Association and 
the Allegheny County Medical Society. 

It may easily be imagined that h man 
as busy as Dr. Schildecker has little time 
for fraternal or social intercourse, but as 
he does not believe in "all work, no play" 
he keeps up his membership in the Du- 
quesne Club and the Pitt Athletic Club. 
Pressure of professional duties forced 
him to resign from the University Club 
and Pittsburgh Athletic Association. He 
afiiliates with Crescent Lodge, No. ^76, 
Free and Accepted Masons, and i': a 
member of Christ Methodist Episcopal 
Church. A wide reader and always in 
the van of progress in everytliing per- 
taining to his profession. Dr. Schildecker 
is one of the men who are bound con- 
stantly to advance and to whom any- 
thing approaching to stagnation is simply 
impossible. In appearance he is the 
typical physician, with a thoughtful yet 
keenly observant countenance, dignilied 
presence and courteous, quiet and self- 
possessed manner. 

On September 11, 1912, at Corry, Penn- 
sylvania, Dr. Schildecker married Edna 
May, daughter of Edward Cochran and 
Livona Irene (Breeze) Wightman, of 
Meadville, Pennsylvania, and they are 
the parents of a son and daughter: 
Charles Bushfield, Jr., born June 2/, 
1913 : Catherine Louise. Mrs. Schildecker 
is a member of the W^est Pennsylvania 
Hospital Cot Club and both she and her 
husband are extremely popular socially, 
delighting in the exercise of hospitality 
at their charming home in the East End. 

In view of the fact that the first decade 
of Dr. Schildecker's career has supplied 
the amount of material most unsatisfac- 
torily condensed into this brief and im- 
perfect biography, there is reason to be- 



1566 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



lieve that the years to come will furnish 
voluminous matter to the historian. 

(The Bushfield Line). 

Samuel Bushfield, of Maguiresbriclge. 
married Jane May, about 1740. They 
were Presbyterians and remained in Ire- 
land. Two sons and one daughter came 
to America. Samuel Jr., the eldest, set- 
tled in Westmoreland county; William, 
in Washington county; Isabella (Mrs. 
Graham), in Virginia. 

Samuel Bushfield Jr., born in Maguires- 
bridge, Ireland, 1767, was married, in 
1789, to Catherine Taylor, born 1771, in 
County Cavan, Ireland, daughter of 
George and Margaret (Birney) Taylor, 
who was a very near relative of James 
Gillespie Taylor, who distinguished him- 
self by his opposition to slavery and in 
1844 was the candidate of the Liberty 
party for President of the United States. 
The Taylors were early Methodists and 
co-workers with the Wesleys. Follow- 
ing their children, George Taylor and his 
wife came to America late in life, settled 
in Ligonier Valley and were buried in 
the Fairfield Presbyterian churchyard. 

Samuel Bushfield Jr., with his wife and 
two children, came to America in 1792. 
They were thirteen weeks and three days 
on the water and landed in New York 
and then went to Lancaster county, 
Pennsylvania, and settled on the Juniata 
river, where they remained until 1801, 
when they came to Westmoreland coun- 
ty and settled on a farm near Greens- 
burg, Pennsylvania, on which the town 
of Ludwick is now built. Here they 
founded Methodism and for more than 
thirty years their home was the regular 
meeting place for all Methodists. While 
on a visit to his daughter, Mrs. William 
Robinson, in Washington, Pennsylvania, 
Samuel Bushfield died, October 6, 1832, 
aged sixty-five years, and was buried in 
the graveyard of that place which is now 

PEN-8 I 



almost the centre of the town. His widow 
remained in Westmoreland county until 
her death at the home of her daughter, 
Susannah (Mrs. Charles Ramsey), De- 
cember 28, 1856, in her eighty-fifth year. 

George Taylor Bushfield, eldest son of 
Samuel and Catherine (Taylor) Bush- 
field, was born in Greensburg, Pennsyl- 
vania, October 9, 1791. He married, Feb- 
ruary 7, 181 1, Catherine Kern, born in 
1792, daughter of Jacob Kern, born 1771, 
died February 28, 1841, in Indiana. Jacob 
Kern and John Kern, with their wives, 
and Samuel Bushfield and his wife, formed 
the first Methodist class in Westmore- 
land county. George Taylor Bushfield 
and his wife remained in Greensburg 
until after the birth of their first child, 
James Spielman, then joined his wife's 
people in Indiana, where they all settled 
as farmers. The Kerns were Pennsyl- 
vania Dutch. John W. Kern, who was 
the candidate for Vice-President with 
William Jennings Bryan for President 
on the Democratic ticket, is a descendant 
of the same family. In crossing a creek 
on the ice, it gave way, and George Tay- 
lor Bushfield was drowned, December 28, 
1822. His father, Samuel Bushfield, then 
went to Indiana and brought the eldest 
son, James S. Bushfield, home with him, 
raised and educated him and put him in 
business with his uncles, Samuel and Jo- 
seph, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, also 
made him superintendent of his brick- 
yard, located where Twenty-eighth and 
Smallman streets now are. At that time 
there was but a narrow boardwalk into 
the city. 

Later James S. Bushfield, who was 
born in Greensburg, October 6, 1812, 
went to Wheeling, West Virginia, where 
he was engaged in the drug business for 
awhile, then went to Washington, Penn- 
sylvania, where he married Isabella Best, 
who was born in Washington, August 4, 
1818. She was a daughter of John Best, 

567 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



who was born in Beuburb, Ireland, in 
May, 1780. His people were wealthy and 
well educated and were Episcopalians. 
John Best married Isabella Dickson, who 
also came from a family of wealth and 
position. Her brother, Dr. James Dick- 
son, was a surgeon on the battleship 
"Thunderer" at the Dardanelles, and was 
in Washington, D. C. when that city was 
burned by the British. John Best, with 
his wife and three small children, came 
to America in 181 1. First stopped in 
Pittsburgh. In 1826 they went to Wash- 
ington, Pennsylvania, where he pur- 
chased property and went into the wool- 
carding business. He retired in 1856 and 
went to live with his son William, who 
lived on a farm near New Concord, Ohio, 
where he died in 1S78 in his ninety- 
eighth year. At the time of his death he 
was the oldest Mason in the United 
States, having entered that order in Beu- 
burb Lodge, No. 722, his own father hav- 
ing procured the charter from the Grand 
Lodge in Ireland. 

After his marriage James S. Bushfield 
remained in Washington for a number of 
years and his children were all born in 
that place. He was for awhile engaged 
in the livery business and later in mer- 
chant tailoring. He followed the faith 
of his fathers and brought his family up 
in the Methodist Episcopal church. He 
came to Pittsburgh, April 3, 1867, where 
he went into the grocery business with 
his sons. He retired in 1882, and died 
November 8, 1888, in Allegheny, Penn- 
sylvania, now the North Side of Pitts- 
burgh. His wife died in Pittsburgh, June 
29, 1870. 



JOHNSTON, Norwood, 

Leader in Natural Gas Industry. 

A successful business man, while he is 
always to a certain extent an incarnation 
of his age, is not as a rule a representa- 
tive of ancestors who assisted in making 

I 



the history of their own times. This, 
however, is the case with Norwood John- 
ston, vice-president and general superin- 
tendent .of the Carnegie Natural Gas 
Company, who is, unquestionably, an in- 
carnation of the spirit and methods of 
the early twentieth century, but who is 
also a descendant of Sir Robert Walpole, 
Earl of Orford, for twenty-one years 
Premier of England. Throughout the 
score of years during which Mr. John- 
ston has been a resident of Pittsburgh, 
he has done notable work in helping to 
clear the paths through which her citi- 
zens have pushed their way to industrial 
supremacy — the parallel roads of oil and 
gas. 

Major James Johnston, the first ances- 
tor of record, is supposed to have settled 
about 1730 in the province of Pennsyl- 
vania. Fie married, before coming to the 
colonies, Lady Nancy Walpole, daughter 
of Sir Robert Walpole, and their children 
were : Thomas, Elizabeth, Mary, James, 
Martha, John, and Robert. The sons are 
mentioned below. 

The Walpole arms : Or, on a fesse be- 
tween two chevrons, sable. Three crosses 
formee of the field, as an augmentation a 
canton gules charged with a lion of Eng- 
land. Crest : An arm holding a royal 
coronet with the king's motto, all proper. 
Motto: "Dicii ct vwi droU" (God and 
my right). 

South of Greencastle, near Shady 
Grove, Franklin county, Pennsylvania, on 
the Beatty farm, now Witmer's, in a se- 
cluded spot some distance from the road, 
is the burial place of the Johnstons. Sev- 
eral of the graves are marked with large 
marble slabs and on the one indicating 
the last resting-place of the immigrant is 
the following inscription. 

James Johnston 

born 

in the North of Ireland 

Died A. D. 1765. 



568 




Cr,^i ^i^at^^.^a^^i^ 




ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



From documents still extant he settled on 
the land on which he 
died, as early as 1735, 
and was probably the 
first white settler in 
what is now Antrim 
Township, Franklin county. 

(II) Thomas, son of James and Nancy 
(Walpole) Johnston, took an active part 
in the struggle for independence. He was 
an early associator and an ensign in the 
Flying Camp, and on January 21, 1777, 
was appointed first lieutenant in the State 
Regiment, Colonel Bull commanding, and 
later Colonel Walter Stewarts. Subse- 
quently, in the rearrangement, Lieuten- 
ant Johnston was transferred to the Thir- 
teenth Pennsylvania. At the close of the 
war he was commissioned colonel in the 
militia. He was a gentleman of dignified 
manners and hospitable disposition, and 
was regarded with the highest respect by 
all classes of the community. 

(II) James (2), son of James (i) and 
Nancy (Walpole) Johnston, was known 
as "colonel," but whether in the militia 
or the Continental army is not stated. 
He died in December, 1819, in the seven- 
ty-fifth year of his age. 

(II) John, son of James and Nancy 
(Walpole) Johnston, was born in 1748, 
and in early records is called "captain," 
but in the family Bible one of his chil- 
dren has written : "My father, Major 
John Johnston, is buried near Saltsburg, 
beside his daughter, Jane I. Boggs." 
Major Johnston married (first) Rebecca 
Smith, and their children were : James, 
born September 17, 1773; William, born 
June 7, 1776; and Robert, born March 16, 
1778. Mrs. Johnston died April 22, 1780, 
and Major Johnston married (second) 
September 17, 1782, Anna Bella, daughter 
of James McDowell, and granddaughter 
of William and Mary McDowell. The 
children of this marriage were the follow- 
ing: Jane, born November 16, 1784; Eliz- 



abeth, born jNIarch i, 1787; John, born 
Alay I, 1789; Rebecca, born August 13, 
1791 ; Thomas, mentioned below; Sam- 
uel, born August 25, 1796; Mary, born 
August 13, 1799; and George, born Sep- 
tember 22y, 1802. The mother of these 
children died December 25, 1807. 

(II) Robert, son of James and Nancy 
(Walpole) Johnston, was born July 21, 
1750, and on January 16, 1776, was ap- 
pointed surgeon of the Sixth Pennsyl- 
vania Battalion, Colonel William Irvine 
commanding and continued in service 
until 1 78 1, when he was ordered by the 
commander-in-chief to leave the regi- 
mental service and assist the wounded 
officers and soldiers of the American 
army, prisoners in the British hospital at 
Charleston, South Carolina. Dr. John- 
ston was a member of the Society of the 
Cincinnati, and as long as he lived re- 
tained the friendship of his brother offi- 
cers, many of whom sought his profes- 
sional advice long after his retirement. 
In 1794, during the so-called Whiskey In- 
surrection, General Washington and the 
members of his staff were the guesti^ of 
Dr. Johnston, the President going out of 
iiis way to meet his old friend. Dr. 
Johnston died November 25, 1808. He 
was one of the most prominent surgeons 
of the Revolutionary era. 

(HI) Thomas, son of John and Anna 
Bella (McDowell) Johnston, was born 
March 10, 1794, and on May 11, 1820, 
married Elizabeth King Paxton, born Au- 
gust 20, 1799. Among their children was 
John Thomas, mentioned below. 

(IV) John Thomas, son of Thomas 
(i) and Elizabeth King (Paxton) John- 
ston, was born September 11, 1824, at 
Blairsville, Pennsylvania, and was a man 
of prominence in the western part of 
the State, proprietor of the Aladdin 
Works, on the opposite side of the river 
from Freeport, where he successfully 
manufactured oil out of cannel coal. 



1569 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



This was before the discovery of petro- 
leum. For half a century he was inter- 
ested in the production of oil, having 
drilled the first oil well in the West Vir- 
ginia field. At various times Air. John- 
ston resided at Freeport, Oil City, Brad- 
ford and Washington, Pennsylvania, his 
interests being widely scattered and of 
great importance. Mr. Johnston married 
Margaretta Pinney, whose ancestral rec- 
ord is appended to this biography, and 
the following children were born to them : 
Elizabeth Paxlon Johnston, wife of C. T. 
Hall, of Wilkinsburg, Pennsylvania ; 
Norwood, mentioned below ; and Mar- 
garetta, wife of Dr. J. D. Singley, of 
Pittsburgh. Airs. Johnston died August 
9, 1876, and her husband survived her 
many years, passing away December 2, 
1905, at the age of eighty-one. He was 
a member of the Presbyterian church, 
and a man highly respected, one of the 
stalwart pioneers of the oil industry. It 
is men of this type who have given to 
Pennsylvania her industrial supremacy 
and, while all are entitled to be held in 
grateful remembrance, special honor 
should be paid to such men as John 
Thomas Johnston, who were leaders of 
the leaders, marching in the front rank of 
the van of the army of progress. 

(V) Norwood Johnston, son of John 
Thomas and Margaret (Pinney) John- 
ston, was born September 13, 1864, at 
Freeport, Pennsylvania, and received his 
education in public schools and at the 
Pennsylvania Military Academy. After 
completing his course of study he was 
associated with his father in the extensive 
oil business which the latter was then 
conducting in McKean and Forest coun- 
ties, Pennsylvania. At the end of two 
years he went to Butler county, where 
for two years more he was connected 
with the Fisher Oil Company, and then 
identified himself with the Manufactur- 
ers' Natural Gas Company, which after- 

' I 



ward became the Manufacturers' Heat 
and Light Company. As general super- 
intendent he had charge of drilling their 
gas wells in that region and laying gas 
lines. 

In 1897 Mr. Johnston became general 
superintendent and vice-president of the 
Carnegie Natural Gas Company, positions 
which he has since continuously filled 
with distinguished ability. This is no 
mere complimentary phrase. It is the 
simple expression of a simple fact. Its 
implication is very large. Without gas, 
what position would Pittsburgh occupy 
in the industrial world? In glassmaking? 
In illumination? \\'here would be the 
gas engine? How would steel be manu- 
factured with equal economy? Gas is the 
most economical fuel now known, but the 
world obtains it through the instrumen- 
tality of such organizations as the Car- 
negie Natural Gas Company, conducted 
and controlled by such men as Norwood 
Johnston. 

The first recorded instance of the utili- 
zation of natural gas occurred in 1824, 
when it was piped from a well to illumi- 
nate the village of Fredonia, New York, 
in honor of the presence of General Lafa- 
yette when he revisited the land where 
he had done so much to create a nation. 
Not until fifty years later was its value 
as an aid to manufacturing demonstrated, 
and to amply supply natural gas fuel for 
numerous furnaces was the Carnegie 
Natural Gas Company organized. Of the 
gas wells sunk by the company, the deep- 
est are in Wetzel county. West Virginia, 
and the "rock pressure," as it is called, is 
often sufficient to cause the gas to be 
transported through the pipes for up- 
ward of a hundred miles. This region 
probably contains the greatest gas possi- 
bilities, but the Pennsylvania fields bid 
fair to be the most productive and endur- 
ing. The "gas-producing sands" are 
known by various names in dififerent 

570 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



neighborhoods, as the Murraysville or 
salt sand, and the Gordon, Gordon Stray, 
Fourth, Fifth, Bayard and Elizabeth 
sands. At the present rate of develop- 
ment, according to conservative esti- 
mates, the properties of the Carnegie 
Natural Gas Company are likely to be 
profitably operated for many years to 
come. They certainly will be if their suc- 
cessful management depends upon men 
like the one who now administers the 
offices of vice-president and general su- 
perintendent. 

Over and above the discharge of these 
duties, Mr. Johnston is interested in the 
oil business on his own account, but out- 
side this industry he has no business con- 
nections. He is a director of the Ross 
Mining and Milling Company. The con- 
centration of energy necessary for the 
perfect fulfillment of his official obliga- 
tions renders it impossible for him to 
take any part in politics other than that 
of voting with the Republicans for the 
men and measures which meet his ap- 
proval. This does not imply, however, 
that he is lacking in public spirit. Nothing 
that makes for the betterment of condi- 
tions in his home city finds him unre- 
sponsive and her educational, benevolent 
and charitable institutions all receive 
from him substantial aid and influential 
encouragement. He belongs to the Du- 
quesne. Country, Oakmont and Pitts- 
burgh Field clubs; also the Pittsburgh 
Automobile Club and the Pittsburgh Ath- 
letic Association. Of the last-named or- 
ganization he was once a director. He is 
a member of the Fourth Presbyterian 
Church. 

A virile, forceful and aggressive per- 
sonality is that of Norwood Johnston, 
manifested in every detail of his appear- 
ance. His tall stature and well-knit 
frame, keen, searching eyes and dignified 
bearing all proclaim the man of prompt, 

I 



decisive action and invincible will. In 
outdoor sports, motoring, shooting and 
the like, he finds his favorite recreations 
and his genial nature and cordial, polished 
manner commend him to the warm and 
steadfast friendship of many and to the 
sincere good-will of all. These attributes, 
coupled with his broad sympathies, ac- 
count for the fact that his associates, 
while they often differ from him, invari- 
ably like him, and, above all, trust him. 

On ]March 4, 1896, ]\Ir. Johnston mar- 
ried Frances, daughter of William S. and 
Jane (Lindsey) Graham, and they are 
the parents of the following children : 
Norwood, born June 16, 1S97, educated 
in Pittsburgh schools and now attending 
the Hill School, class of 1915 ; Louise; 
Graham, born August 10, 1903: Frances; 
and Thomas, born April 21, 1913. Mrs. 
Johnston, invested as she is with the 
charm of domesticity, is noted for the 
many social gifts which make the family 
home in the East End a centre of hos- 
pitality. 

Albeit not born within the limits of the 
Iron City, Norwood Johnston is a true 
Pittsburgher, speaking in deeds rather 
than in words, not working for the pres- 
ent alone, but also for the time to come. 

Lester C. Pinney was born in Hartford, 
Connecticut, July 14, 181 1, and was origi- 
nally a clockmaker, but on going to Kit- 
tanning, Armstrong county, Pennsyl- 
vania, became a carriage manufacturer. 
He built up an extensive and flourishing 
business and was regarded as one of the 
leading men in the community. He mar- 
ried Jane Graham, and their daughter 
Margaretta is mentioned below. Lester 
C. Pinney died November 6, 1874, at Kit- 
tanning, Pennsylvania. 

Margaretta, daughter of Lester C. and 
Jane (Graham) Pinney, was born in 1840, 
in Kittanning, and became the wife of 
John Thomas Johnston, as stated above. 



571 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



MOON, Seymour Boston, M. D., 

Distinguished Oculist. 

Among those members of Pittsburgh's 
medical fraternity who make a specialty 
of treatment of diseases of the eye, Dr. 
Seymour Boston Moon is a recognized 
leader. Although but a few years have 
elapsed since Dr. Moon became a resident 
of the metropolis he has, in that compara- 
tively brief space of time, made for him- 
self a place honorable both as a physician 
and a citizen. 

Adam Boston Moon, father of Seymour 
Boston Moon, was born January 24, 1842, 
and was a son of George Moon and Cath- 
erine (Crill) Moon, resided near Mercer, 
Pennsylvania, formerly of Harper's Ferry, 
West Virginia, about 1800. Adam Bos- 
ton Moon was a building contractor in 
Mercer, Pennsylvania, but is now retired. 
He is a member of the Presbyterian 
church. Mr. Moon married, September 
10, 1867, Catherine J., born January 23, 
1838, daughter of Daniel and Rebecca 
(Boston) Smith, formerly of Winchester, 
Virginia, later resided near Slippery 
Rock, now Butler county, Pennsylvania. 
Mrs. Moon died August 6, 1897. 

Seymour Boston, son of Adam Boston 
and Catherine J. (Smith) Moon, was 
born August 8, 1868, in Mercer, Pennsyl- 
vania, and received his education in the 
public and high schools of his native city. 
He was fitted for his profession at the 
Chicago Homoeopathic College, graduat- 
ing in 1890 with the degree of Doctor of 
Medicine. Immediately thereafter, Dr. 
Moon entered upon the general practice 
of his profession at Beaver Falls, Penn- 
sylvania, remaining for seventeen years 
and building up during that period a sub- 
stantial reputation, founded on genuine 
ability and conscientious devotion to 
duty. In 1907 he entered the New York 
Ophthalmic College, spending two years 
at post-graduate work, and the second 
year as assistant to the senior surgeon. 

157 



In 1909 Dr. Moon returned to Pittsburgh, 
and has since devoted his entire time and 
attention to treatment of diseases of the 
eye, meeting with marked and speedy 
recognition and acquiring a large and 
constantly increasing clientele. He is a 
member of the ophthalmic staff of the 
Homoeopathic Hospital, and the profes- 
sional organizations to which he belongs 
include the American Homoeopathic Eye, 
Nose and Throat Association, the Amer- 
ican Institute of Homoeopathy, the Penn- 
sylvania State Homoeopathic Medical 
Society, and the Allegheny County 
Homoeopathic Society. 

Politically Dr. Moon is a Republican, 
but takes no active part in public afifairs, 
being wholly absorbed in devotion to his 
chosen work. He affiliates with Beaver 
Valley Lodge, No. 478, Free and Accepted 
Masons ; and is a member of the Point 
Breeze Presbyterian Church, being also 
a member of the session. 

During the few years of Dr. Moon's 
residence in Pittsburgh so widely and 
thoroughly familiar have his appearance 
and personality become to his fellow citi- 
zens — made so by the eminence he has 
attained in his work — that any descrip- 
tion of either would seem to be super- 
fluous. He is known to Pittsburghers 
for what he is — an able physician, a true 
gentleman and a genial, kindly, high- 
minded man. 

Dr. Moon married, December 27, 1893, 
Carolyn, daughter of the Rev. Dr. John 
Alford and Mary (Blakeslee) Alford, of 
Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania, a graduate 
of high school and Geneva College, and 
they are the parents of one daughter: 
Helen Blakeslee Moon, educated at the 
Gardner School for Girls, Fifth avenue. 
New York City, Thurston School, Pitts- 
burgh, and the Mary Baldwin Seminary, 
Staunton, Virginia, and a graduate of 
Fairmount Seminary, Washington, Dis- 
trict of Columbia. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Dr. Moon came to Pittsburgh with an 
assured reputation as a general practi- 
tioner and has since reared, on that foun- 
dation, the structure of a leadership as an 
eye specialist. In this branch of his work 
he is exclusively associated with Pitts- 
burgh, a fact which is an ever-increasing 
source of pride to the city of his adoption. 



STEWART, WUliam Alvah, M. D., 

Prominent Homoeopathist. 

Pittsburgh, perhaps more than any 
other city in the world, stands in need 
of physicians and surgeons highly en- 
lightened and devoted to their calling. 
JSiot only do her peculiar atmospheric 
conditions render this necessary, but also 
the constant danger to life and limb in- 
curred by the men employed in her gigan- 
tic steel works and iron foundries. Well 
is it for her that she numbers among her 
representatives of the medical profession 
such men as Dr. William Alvah Stewart, 
senior surgeon at the Pittsburgh Homoeo- 
pathic Hospital and for the last fourteen 
years one of the leading practitioners of 
the Iron City. 

William Le Roy Stewart, father of 
William Alvah Stewart, was a woolen 
manufacturer of New York state, and 
married Caroline Ophelia, daughter of 
Seth and Caroline (Bishop) Hotchkiss. 

William Alvah, son of William Le Roy 
and Caroline Ophelia (Hotchkiss) Stew- 
art, was born June 14, 1862, in Knoxville, 
Tioga county, Pennsylvania, and received 
his preliminary education in the pul^Hc 
schools of Danville, New York, and the 
schools of Livingston county. New York, 
graduating, in 1885, from the Geneseo 
State Normal School, New York. For 
two years thereafter he was principal of 
a school at Richburg. New York, and 
then for four years held the same position 
in a school at Nunda, New York. This 
period of teaching was, however, merely 



the prelude to a career far removed from 
the sphere of the instructor. The young 
man, whose talents and inclinations alike 
litted him for the calling of a physician, 
entered the New York Homoeopathic 
Medical College and Hospital, and in 1894 
graduated with the degree of Doctor of 
Aledicine. After two years' work in the 
Flower Hospital, New York, Dr. Stew- 
art became private physician to the late 
George Westinghouse and family, a posi- 
tion which he retained for five years. He 
then spent a year at post-graduate work 
in surgery at the New York Polyclinic 
and New York Post Graduate College, 
and in 1901 opened an office in Pitts- 
burgh, entering actively into the practice 
uf general surgery and gynaecology. To 
these two branches of the profession he 
has ever since continuously devoted him- 
self with steadily increasing success, 
building up a large and lucrative practice 
and acquiring a deservedly high reputa- 
tion for skill, learning and unwearied 
fidelity to duty. He is senior surgeon at 
the Pittsburgh Homoeopathic Hospital, 
and a member of the Bureau of Medical 
Education and Licensure of Pennsyl- 
vania, having been appointed by the gov- 
ernor to the latter office three months 
after the inception of the bureau, and 
several times reappointed. 

In 1910 Dr. Stewart was president of 
the Pennsylvania State Homoeopathic 
Medical Society, and at another time he 
held the same office in the Allegheny 
County Homoeopathic Medical Society. 
To both these organizations he still be- 
longs, and he is also a member of the 
American Institute of Homoeopathy and 
a fellow of the American College of Sur- 
geons. 

Like the majority of Western Pennsyl- 
vanians Dr. Stewart is a Republican. He 
is a Blue Lodge Mason, affiliating with 
Kishiqua Lodge, No. 299, of New York 
state. He also belongs to the Mystic 

573 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Shrine, and is a member of Almus 
Temple, Washington. District of Colum- 
bia, and the Temple of Pittsfield, Massa- 
chusetts. His clubs are the Duquesne, 
Americus and Field, and he attends the 
Presbyterian church. 

Of tall stature, with a countenance ex- 
pressive of strength and refinement and 
an eye which speaks at once of deep 
thought and close observation, Dr. Stew- 
art looks the physician and the gentle- 
man. Widely read in everything pertain- 
ing to his profession, he is also a man of 
broad general culture and his genial na- 
ture and companionable disposition have 
surrounded him with friends both within 
and without the pale of his fraternity. 

The marriage of Dr. Stewart, on June 
20, 1901, secured for him a life union with 
the one woman in all the world best fitted 
to be his true helpmate — Julia Elizabeth, 
daughter of George I. and Ann (Kerr) 
Langworthy, of New York. Dr. and Mrs. 
Stewart have two sons : William Alvah, 
born August 16, 1903; and George Lang- 
worthy, born January 26, 1905. Dr. 
Stewart loves his home and delights to 
gather his friends about him and Mrs. 
Stewart is one of the city's most gracious 
and tactful hostesses. 

Dr. Stewart came to Pittsburgh with a 
reputation which gave him at once an 
assured position among the medical fra- 
ternity of the metropolis. The years he 
has spent there have been years of arduous 
devotion to the advancement of medical 
science and tireless endeavor for the re- 
lief of sufitering and have placed him in 
the front rank of the city's surgeons and 
specialists. 



POND, Edward Herman, M. D., 

Dermatologist, Roentgenologist. 

Among those branches of medical 
science which are to-day claiming the 
thought and demanding the research of 
the members of the profession none are 



of more vital interest than dermatology 
and Roentgenology and it is to the con- 
sideration and elucidation of these sub- 
jects that Dr. Edward Herman Pond, of 
Pittsburgh, has for the last fifteen years, 
devoted himself with a zeal, thorough- 
ness and enlightenment which have 
placed him in the front rank of the spe- 
cialists of Pennsylvania. 

The family of which Dr. Pond is a 
representative had its original home in 
Massachusetts, whence, more than a cen- 
tury ago, the progenitor of the Pitts- 
burgh branch migrated to Vermont. Abel 
Pond, his great-grandfather, married 

Jerusha . Joel A., son of Abel and 

Jerusha Pond, was born May 17, 1807, at 
Poultney, Vermont, and soon after his 
marriage removed to Townville, Pennsyl- 
vania, where he was one of the pioneers. 
He was a farmxcr, living at first in a little 
log cabin of his own erection, but as time 
went on he became one of the prominent 
men of the community. He married Abi- 
gail Willis, of Hampton. Washington 
county. New York, who was born June 
14, 1808, and their union was of forty 
years, duration, being dissolved by the 
death of Mrs. Pond, who passed away 
]\Iay II, 1S72. Mr. Pond died April 19, 
1877, surviving by only a few years the 
companion of a lifetime. 

John N. Pond, son of Joel A. and Abi- 
gail t^W'illis) Pond, was born September 
3, 1834, at Townville, Pennsylvania, and 
educated at IMeadville. In 1861 he grad- 
uated from the Cleveland Homoeopathic 
Medical College, and for a time practiced 
at Burton, Ohio, removing in 1865 to 
Meadville, Crawford county, where he 
was engaged in general practice during 
the remainder of his life. He was a Re- 
publican, and a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church. Dr. Pond married 
Maria A. Thompson, and their children 
were : Sherman, deceased ; Edward Her- 
man, mentioned below; George Herbert, 
574 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of East Pittsburgh ; and Ralph Ernest, a 
physician of Meadville. Dr. Pond died 
October 24, 1900, and Mrs. Pond (born 
August 20. 1838, in Vernon, Ohio, mar- 
ried on INIarch 31, 1859) passed away 
June 9, 1912. Like her husband, she was 
a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, and earnestly devoted to the pro- 
motion of its work. 

Dr. Edward Herman Pond, son of John 
N. and Maria (Thompson) Pond, was 
born March 18, 1862, at Burton, Trum- 
bull county, Ohio, and was three years 
old when his parents moved to Crawford 
county, Pennsylvania, where he received 
his preparatory education in the public 
schools. He afterward entered Allegheny 
College, graduating in 1883 with the de- 
gree of Bachelor of Arts, the institution 
conferring upon him three years later 
that of Master of Arts. After spending a 
short time in preparatory reading, he ma- 
triculated in the department of medicine 
of the University of Michigan, and in 
1886 received the degree of Doctor of 
Medicine. During his senior year he 
served as an interne in the college hos- 
pital, and after graduation engaged for 
five years in general practice in Mead- 
ville, Pennsylvania. 

In 1891 Dr. Pond came to Pittsburgh 
and during the next ten years became 
widely and favorably known as a general 
practitioner, in association with Dr. C. 
H. HofTman. He then took a post-gradu- 
ate course at the Polyclinic College of 
Philadelphia, and afterward devoted spe- 
cial attention to dermatology. In the 
course of events he also turned his 
thoughts to Roentgenology and his large 
practice is now divided between these 
two specialties in which he is regarded as 
one of the most skilled in the Keystone 
state. He is a member of the stafif of the 
Pittsburgh Homoeopathic Hospital. 

The literature of his profession owes 
much to Dr. Pond's work, many lucid 



and valuable articles from his pen having 
appeared in medical journals. During his 
residence in Meadville he served for three 
years as physician for the county jail. 
?le belongs to the American Institute of 
Hortiteopathy, the Pennsylvania State 
Homoeceopathic Society, in which, from 
1908 to 1913, he held the office of secre- 
tary, and the Homoeopathic Society of 
Allegheny County, in which he has at 
different times filled all offices. He is a 
member of the East End Doctors' Club. 

Politically. Dr. Pond is a Republican, 
and his interest in municipal affairs has 
always been a marked feature of his char- 
acter. While a resident of Meadville he 
held various offices of a local nature. He 
affiliates with Milnor Lodge, No. 287, 
Free and Accepted Masons, and attends 
the Unitarian church. 

As a young man. Dr. Pond gave evi- 
dence of his public spirit by enlisting in 
Company I', National Guard, of Mead- 
ville, in which he was sergeant-major, 
captain and aide-de-camp on the staff of 
the Second Brigade, the three promotions 
being awarded him on three successive 
days. Fle was a member of Governor 
Beaver's staff', but when his time expired 
left the state to study medicine. 

Always fully abreast of his time in 
everything pertaining to medical science, 
Dr. Pond is one of the men whose clear 
vision prevents progressiveness from de- 
generating into rashness. Of medium 
height and well-knit figure, his genial 
manner, winning address and dignified 
presence mark him as a man of remark- 
able force and large benevolence. 

During his residence in Meadville Dr. 
Pond married, June 22, 1888, Mary H., 
daughter of the late Henry Hartman, of 
that city, where Mr. Hartman was a 
wagon manufacturer. The following 
children have been born to Dr. and Mrs. 
Pond : Marguerite, deceased ; Edward, 
deceased; Irene E., educated in Pitts- 



t575 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



burgh schools and at the Margaret Mor- 
rison School ; and Mildred H., now at- 
tending Pittsburgh schools. Mrs. Pond 
is one of the city's favorite hostesses. 

It would seem that, at the present time, 
the greatest service to the cause of medi- 
cal science is to be rendered by thorough 
and painstaking work in the direction of 
specialization. It is this work to which 
Dr. Edward Herman Pond has conse- 
crated his talents, and his record, full of 
accomplishment as it is, justifies the ex- 
pectation of greater things to come. 



GRUBB, Charles Gooding, 

Manufacturer, Inventor. 

There is, now and then, a man who, 
after he has passed away, lives in the 
minds of many not only by reason of 
results accomplished, but also in conse- 
quence of a singularly vivid and forceful 
personality. So survives the memory of 
the late Charles Gooding Grubb, for a 
number of years prominently identified 
with tlie powder business and for a con- 
siderable period a resident of Pittsburgh, 
where he was a most highly esteemed and 
greatly valued citizen. 

(I) John Grubb, founder of the Ameri- 
can branch of the family, came in 1679 
from England and settled at Upland, now 
Chester, Pennsylvania, his arrival preced- 
ing by two years that of William Penn. 
He purchased three hundred acres of land 
on the southwest ridge of Chester creek 
and there passed the remainder of his 
life.- His occupation is said to have been 
that of a tanner, and he is supposed to 
have been a member of the Protestant 
Episcopal church. He married, in Eng- 
land, Frances , and their children 

were: Emmanuel, John, Joseph, Henry, 
Samuel. Nathaniel, Peter, Charity, mar- 
ried Richard Beeson ; and Phoebe. Em- 
manuel, the eldest, was born near Up- 
land and was a man of great vigor of con- 



stitution. He resided in Brandywine 
Hundred, died there in 1767, and is buried 
at St. Martin's Church at Marcus Hook, 
of which he was a member. Nathaniel. 
brother of Emmanuel, married Ann 

, and lived at Concord. All the 

children of John Grubb were living at the 
time of their father's death, which oc- 
curred in 1708, when he was sixty years 
old. 

The Grubbs appear to have been a 
numerous family, as the following de- 
tached items of information bear witness : 
William Warrall, of Marple, married 
Phoebe, daughter of Nathaniel Grubb, of 
W'ellertown, and Nathaniel, son of Na- 
thaniel, of Wellertown, married Sarah 
Reese. Christopher, son of Smithson and 
Ann Chandler, of Christiana, married 
Prudence, daughter of Samuel Grubb, of 
Chester county, and their son was Sam- 
uel Chandler. 

(II) John (2), son of John (i) and 
Frances Grubb, removed from Brandy- 
wine Hundred, married, and had a son 
William, mentioned below. Beyond these 
facts nothing is accurately known of this 
son of the immigrant. 

(III) William, son of John (2) Grubb, 
was a man in regard to whom we have 
absolutely no information beyond the fac: 
that he married and had a son John, men- 
tioned below. William Grubb was pre- 
sumably engaged in agricultural pursuits. 

(IV) John (3), son of William Grubb, 
was born on a farm at Brandywine Hun- 
dred, near Wilmington, Delaware, and 
married, in 1769, Hannah, born at Birm- 
ingham, Delaware county, Pennsylvania, 
daughter of Joseph Gilpin (of whom fur- 
ther), and Mary (Caldwell) Gilpin, of 
Christiana, Pennsylvania. Mr. and Mrs. 
Grubb were the parents of the following 
children: Curtis; Joseph, mentioned be- 
low ; Adam ; Lydia, born September 24, 
1775, married Christopher Hussey, and 
died August 25, 1847; Mary, Jemima, 

576 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Elizabeth, John, and William. The death 
of John Grubb, the father, occurred on 
the farm on which he was born. His 
widow passed away near Mount Pleasant, 
Ohio. 

(V) Joseph, son of John (3) and Han- 
nah (Gilpin) Grubb, was born January 

I, 1772, and married Hester , born 

April 16, 1782. Their son George is men- 
tioned below. Joseph Grubb died Octo- 
ber 24, 1830, and his wife did not long 
survive him, her death occurring ]March 
24, 1833. 

(VI) George, son of Joseph and Hester 
Grubb, was born January 9, 1820, and 
married Martha, daughter of Joseph and 
Martha (Solomon) Hunter. Joseph Hun- 
ter was born March 20, 181 1, and died 
September 6, 1861. His wife was born 
January 11, 1813, and died June 7, 1903, 
at the great age of ninety years. Their 
daughter was born January 28, 1842. Mr. 
and Mrs. Grubb were the parents of a 
son, Charles Gooding, mentioned below. 
The death of Mr. Grubb occurred Sep- 
tember 13, 1895. 

(VII) Charles Gooding Grubb, son of 
George and Martha (Hunter) Grubb, was 
born December i, 1873, •" Wilmington, 
Delaware, and received his education in 
private schools. When the time came for 
him to choose a means of livelihood he 
learned the business of a florist, and on 
establishing himself independently met 
with marked success, having greenhouses 
and conducting an extensive trade. Later 
he associated himself with the powder 
business, becoming agent for the Laflin & 
Rand Powder Company, of Baltimore, 
Maryland. The executive abilities of Mr. 
Grubb, his sound judgment and clear in- 
sight brought him rapid recognition and 
substantial profit and it was not long be- 
fore he decided to seek the larger field 
for his energies afforded by the excep- 
tional opportunities to be met with in the 
metropolis of Pennsylvania. Accord- 

I 



ingly, he came to Pittsburgh, and within 
a short time engaged in business for him- 
self, acting as agent for several powder 
companies. He also manufactured his 
own fuse, having a factory at Gallery, 
Pennsylvania, which he later sold to the 
Powder Trust Company, it being one of 
the few fuse companies in the United 
States. 

It was with the Republicans that Mr. 
(jrubb invariably cast his vote and no 
man had more at heart the welfare and 
true progress of his home city, but office- 
holding was something for which he had 
neither time nor inclination. He affiliated 
with the Masonic fraternity, and was a 
member of Commandery No. "jz. Knights 
Templar ; the Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Elks, Lodge No. 11 ; and Balti- 
more Lodge, Knights of Pythias. He was 
secretary and treasurer of the Western 
Pennsylvania League of Trap-Shooters, 
and belonged to the Iroquois Rifle Club 
and the Herron Hill Gun Club. He held 
originally the belief of the Society of 
Friends, but later became a member of 
the Third Presbyterian Church of Pitts- 
burgh. 

Strong mentality, combined with equally 
strong principle, might be said to explain 
the secret of Mr. Grubb's remarkable suc- 
cess as a business man. Perhaps, how- 
ever, his sunn}' disposition which attract- 
ed to him men of "all sorts and condi- 
tions" had more to do with it than a 
superficial observer might suppose. His 
appearance, albeit his stature did not ex- 
ceed five feet nine inches, was striking, 
his figure being finely proportioned, his 
bearing dignified and alert; his weight 
was two hundred pounds, and his manner 
that of the typical business man and pol- 
ished gentleman. Black hair and eyes, 
eyes wonderfully clear and steady in their 
glances, and features which bore the im- 
print of the qualities which made him 
what he was. marked him as a man des- 

577 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tined to make his way in the world and to 
succeed in whatever he undertook. 

Mr. Grubb married, October 7, 1897, 
the late Rev. David Geisinger officiating, 
Alma, daughter of John Frederick and 
Anna (Volz) Helm, ot Allegheny, now 
North Side, Pittsburgh. Air. and Airs. 
Grubb became the parents of one son : 
John Frederick Helm, born July 2^, 1898, 
educated at Miss Gleim's School, Shady 
Side, and the Thurston School, where he 
is now preparing for Cornell University. 
The union of Mr. and Airs. Grubb was 
one of kindred sympathies and congenial 
dispositions, their home was to them 
truly the dearest spot on earth and one 
of their chief delights was the exercise of 
hospitality. Airs. Grubb, who is a fav- 
orite in Pittsburgh society, is a member 
of the New Era Club, the Consumers' 
League and the Soho Bath Committee 
and is active in works of charity and phil- 
anthropy. 

After reviewing the narrative of all that 
he accomplished it is difficult to realize 
that when Air. Grubb passed away he had 
not yet completed his thirty-seventh year. 
On November 4, 1910, he expired, having 
in a comparatively short space of time 
brought to pass results of more lasting 
and substantial benefit to himself and the 
community than many achieve in a long 
lifetime. He caused his success to re- 
dound to the welfare of others and to in- 
crease the prosperity of his home city. 
Argument is often fruitless. Proof is un- 
answerable. This holds good with re- 
gard to all much-discussed questions and 
of none more than that of heredity. Of 
this the career of Charles Gooding Grubb 
affords convincing confirmation. A de- 
scendant of worthy ancestors, their sturdy 
virtues formed the ground work of his 
character and, in conjunction with his 
remarkable innate ability, insured his suc- 
cess. Those virtues and that ability he, 
in turn, transmitted to his son who will. 



in the years to come, notably uphold the 
ancient prestige of the family name. 

(The Gilpin Line). 

This ancient and honorable race of 
Anglo-Norman origin has in the succes- 
sive generations given to the world many 
statesmen, warriors and divines, and has 
exercised no small influence in the ad- 
vancement of learning and art. Both in 
English and American annals the name 
is a prominent one, its original form, de 
Gylpyn, having been gradually moder- 
ated by dropping the "de" and changing 
the "y" to "i." There is a tradition that 
the family was planted in England by 
Bert de Gylpyn, who went thither in the 
train of William the Conqueror, and 
whose crest was, as an old rhyme says : 

" the rebus of his name, 

A pineapple pine of gold." 

Richard de Gylpyn was the first of the 
family of whom we have authentic knowl- 
edge. He displayed signal courage in 
slaying a wild boar which had committed 
great devastation in Cumberland and 
Westmoreland, and as a reward was 
granted by the Baron of Kendal the 
estate of Kentmere, situated in the latter 
county. The Baron, like most of the 
nobles of that time, could neither read 
nor write, and therefore, on going to 
Runnymede to assist in wresting the 
Alagna Charta from King John, took Rich- 
ard de Gylpyn with him as secretary. For 
this service as well as for his other 
achievements, he was knighted, adopting 
the arms which have ever since been 
borne by his descendants : Arms : "Or, a 
boar statant sable, langued and tusked 
gules." Crest : "A dexter arm embowed, 
in armor proper, the naked hand grasp- 
ing a pine branch fesswise vert." Motto: 
Dictis factisque simplex. 

The estate was increased in the reign 
578 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of Henry HI. by the grant of Peter de 
Bruys, of the ]\Ianor of Ulwithwaite to 
Richard, the grandson of the first of that 
name. This grant, written in Latin, is 
still preserved by the English head of the 
family. Kentmere remained in the family 
until the civil wars of the time of Charles 
L, when members of the family were 
fighting on both sides. About the same 
period another Richard Gylpyn purchased 
Scaleby Castle, near Carlisle, which has 
been in the family ever since, although it 
is not now owned by a Gilpin, but has 
passed into the female branch. 

Among the most distinguished of those 
who have shed luster on the family name 
was Bernard Gilpin, often called "The 
Apostle of the North." Brought up a 
Roman Catholic, he was made rector of 
Houghton, but before the death of Queen 
Mary, he became satisfied with the doc- 
trines of the Reformation, and until his 
death wielded an immense influence in 
ecclesiastical affairs. He was summoned 
to appear before Dr. Bonner, Bishop of 
London, to stand trial for heresy, and on 
the journey fell from his horse and broke 
his leg. Before he was able to appear 
before the judges. Queen Mary died, the 
reformers came into power, and he had 
nothing to fear. In those turbulent times, 
Bernard, contrary to custom, went un- 
armed and fearless, and was noted for his 
unflinching devotion to the people and to 
what he considered his duty. On one 
occasion, upon entering a church, he saw 
a gauntlet suspended in mid-air — a chal- 
lenge of some trooper in the building. 
Taking the glove with him, he said dur- 
ing the sermon, "I see there is one among 
you who has, even in this sacred place, 
hung up a glove in defiance." Then, dis- 
playing it, he added, 'T challenge him to 
compete with me in acts of Christian 
charity," flinging it, as he spoke, upon 
the floor. Queen Elizabeth offered him 
the Bishopric of Carlisle, which he de- 



clined, preferring to preach the Reforma- 
tion and endow schools. He was a 
spiritual guide, beloved by old and young 
alike. 

A brother of Bernard Gilpin was Wil- 
liam Gilpin, from whom the Pennsylvania 
and Maryland branches of the family are 
descended. He married Elizabeth Wash- 
ington, of Hall Heal, a collateral ances- 
tress of George Washington, first presi- 
dent of the United States. William Gil- 
pin died and was buried at Kendal, Janu- 
ary 23, 1577. 

(I) Thomas Gilpin, of Warborough, 
was a colonel in the Parliamentary army 
and fought at the battle of Worcester, 
September 3, 165 1. He afterward joined 
the Society of Friends, and for forty years 
was a preacher. 

(II) Joseph Gilpin, son of Thomas Gil- 
pin, was the founder of the American 
branch of the family. He was born in 
1664, and, like his father, was a Friend. 
In 1696 he emigrated to the Province of 
Pennsylvania, and settled in Chester 
county, his home in England having been 
in Dorchester, county of Oxford. In the 
new land, Joseph Gilpin, after the man- 
ner of Friends, lived in perfect harmony 
and friendship with his Indian neighbors. 
It has been believed and handed down 
that his philanthropy and patriotism were 
not surpassed by any in the country. 
Great numbers of emigrants, principally 
Friends, on coming over, were kindly re- 
ceived and entertained at his house week 
after week, and he cheerfully devoted a 
good portion of his time for several years 
in assisting them to find suitable situ- 
ations and to get their lands properly 
cleared. Part of his house is still stand- 
ing, and the last of the property passed 
out of the family less than fifty years ago. 
It was situated at Birmingham meeting- 
house, on the Brandywine, and the house 
is said to have been the headquarters of 
General Howe. Joseph Gilpin married, 



1579 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



February 23, 1692. Hannah Glover, and 
among their children were two sons : 
Samuel, from whom was descended Wil- 
liam Gilpin, governor of Colorado ; Jo- 
seph, mentioned below. Joseph Gilpin, 
the immigrant, died November 9, 1741. 

(III) Joseph (2) Gilpin, son of Joseph 
(i) and Hannah (Glover) Gilpin, was 
born March 21, 1704, and in 1761 removed 
to Wilmington. He married, December 
17, 1729, Mary Caldwell, and they were 
the parents of twelve children, including 
a daughter Hannah, mentioned below. 
Joseph Gilpin, the father, died December 
31, 1792. 

To this generation of the Gilpins be- 
longs a name illustrious in art, that of 
Benjamin West, who succeeded Sir 
Joshua Reynolds as president of the 
Royal Academy. John West, the father 
of Benjamin, was the son of Thomas and 
Ann (Gilpin) West, the latter the sister 
of Thomas Gilpin, of Warborough, the 
Parliamentary colonel. 

It is probably that to this generation 
belongs also George Gilpin, a descendant 
of Joseph Gilpin, the emigrant. George 
Gilpin settled in Alexandria and was a 
friend of Washington. At the breaking 
out of the Revolutionary War he was 
made colonel of Fairfax militia and was 
present at the battle of Dorchester 
Heights. After the war he was interested 
with Washington in some navigation ex- 
periments on the Potomac, and at the 
funeral of the first president, George Gil- 
pin was one of the pallbearers. 

(IV) Hannah Gilpin, daughter of Jo- 
seph (2) and Mary (Caldwell) Gilpin, 
was born in Birmingham, Delaware coun- 
ty, Pennsylvania, and married at Chris- 
tiana, Pennsylvania. 1769. John Grubb. 
who was born on a farm at Brandywine 
Hundred, near Wilmington. Delaware. 
Their nine children are as follows: i. 
Curtis, born October 3, 1770. died No- 
vember. 1854; married Ann Crosier. 2. 



Joseph, born January i, 1772, died Octo- 
ber 25, 1830; married Hester Spikeman. 
3. Adam, born November 28, 1773. 4. 
Lydia, born September 24, 1775, died Au- 
gust 25, 1847; married Christopher Hus- 
sey. 5. Mary, born October 16, 1777, died 
December, 1852; never married. 6. Je- 
mima, born November 5, 1779, died De- 
cember, 1863 ; married Robert Eyears. 7. 
Elizabeth, born February 25. 1782, died 
November 7. 1843; married Daniel Mc- 
Pherson. 8. John, born June 21, 1784. 
died March 18, 1853; never married. 9. 
AVilliam, born July 4. 17S8, died July 23, 
1793- 



HILL, James, 

Prominent Manufacturer. 

Conspicuous among the men whose 
memory survives not only because of 
distinction in the business world but by 
reason of forceful and magnetic person- 
alities was the late James Hill, of the well 
known Faber Foundry Company, and 
largely identified with the interests of 
real estate. During the greater portion 
of his life Mr. Hill was a resident of 
Pittsburgh, and her most vital interests 
had no more faithful or zealous advocate. 

James Hill was born February 20, 1822, 
in Manchester, England, and was a son 
of Joseph and Sarah (Redfern) Hill. 
When the boy was three years old his 
parents emigrated to the United States, 
settling in New Hope, Pennsylvania, 
where the father obtained work as a cot- 
ton spinner. At the age of twelve James 
began to work in the cotton mills and at 
fifteen he came to Pittsburgh with his 
parents. In that city the father was em- 
ployed for a number of years in a foundry 
and the son. who had obtained such edu- 
cation as the schools of that day afiforded, 
entered the foundry of Mr. Faber. 

Industrious, faithful, and possessed of 
an uncommon measure of ability, James 
Hill was a youth whose future was not 



1580 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



difficult to foresee. Steadily and rapidly 
he advanced in the business, gaining thor- 
ough knowledge of its every detail and 
acquiring not only pecuniary profit but 
also a reputation w^hich was of infinitely 
greater value. In association with Frank 
and Edward Faber he organized the 
Faber Foundry and Machine Company, 
building up a flourishing business. 

About 1868 the Messrs. Faber retired 
from business, and Mr. Hill then asso- 
ciated himself with his brother, Andrew 
J. Hill, in the foundry and machine busi- 
ness in Allegheny, now North Side, Pitts- 
burgh. They established the American 
Foundry and Machine Company, this or- 
ganization and the Faber Company being 
pioneers in their line in Pittsburgh. The 
latter was situated near the site of the 
Pennsylvania Railroad Union Station. 
Both companies manufactured machinery 
for steamboats and mill engines, doing 
heavy foundry work of all kinds. The 
first engine for pumping oil wells was 
made by the Faber Foundry and Machine 
Company. Ere many years had elapsed 
V, Mr. Hill occupied a position of promi- 
se nence in the business world, his strong 
\ will, force of character and knowledge of 
L men and afifairs making him truly "a 
man of mark" and investing him with 
great popularity and influence. 

In the matter of investments, Mr. 
Hill's discernment and foresight rendered 
him singularly fortunate. He became the 
owner of much real estate, and thus play- 
ed an important part in the development 
of certain portions of the city. In poli- 
tics he was a staunch Republican, taking 
a public-spirited interest in every project 
which had for its end the betterment of 
conditions in his home cit3^ Ever ready 
to respond to any deserving call made 
upon him. he was widely but unostenta- 
tiously charitable. He was originally a 
member of the Baptist church, but later 



became identified with the United Pres- 
byterian communion. 

Native ability, unabating energy and 
the strictest adherence to principle mark- 
ed Mr. Hill as one of that class of sub- 
stantial business men who constitute the 
bulwark of a city's strength and develop- 
ment and are intelligent factors in every 
idea and work which promotes the gen- 
eral welfare. He was of medium height 
and size, with that gift of presence which 
is independent of stature and infallibly 
distinguishes its possessor from those not 
so endowed. His eyes were blue and the 
keenness of their glance was tempered by 
a kindliness which came direct from the 
heart. His hair was brown and a light 
brown beard accentuated features which 
bore the stamp of the traits so strikingly 
manifested throughout his career. He 
was the trusted counsellor of his friends, 
old and young, and was often instrumen- 
tal in settling doubts and disputes, ad- 
justing differences and effecting recon- 
ciliations. His genial nature and com- 
panionable disposition gave him, in addi- 
tion to his material success, another, not 
to be measured by financial prosperity 
alone, but by the kindly amenities and 
cordial associations that go so far to make 
up the sum of life. 

Mr. Hill married. May 4. 1854, Mary 
E. Kennedy, born March 20, 1835, in 
Pittsburgh, daughter of Samuel and 
Mary (Sloan) Kennedy, both natives of 
Derry, Ireland. Mr. and Mrs. Hill were 
the parents of the following children : 
George, died in infancy ; Elizabeth Ella, 
died in childhood ; James Franklin, died 
in early manhood ; Harry Ellsworth ; and 
Albert Lincoln, of Los Angeles, Cali- 
fornia. Mr. Hill was exceptionally happy 
in his domestic relations, his wife, a 
charming and congenial woman, making 
his home the abode of peace and hospital- 
ity. Mrs. Hill, in her widowhood, resides 
581 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



with her son, Harry Ellsworth Hill, in 
the East End. Air. Hill is a director of 
the Illinois Iron and Bolt Company, of 
Carpenterville, Illinois, which he has built 
up into a large business. He belongs to 
the Pittsburgh Athletic and Bellefield 
clubs. 

While still in the prime of life and the 
full maturity of all his powers Mr. Hill 
closed his career of usefulness and benefi- 
cence, passing away October i8, 1879. 
His death deprived Pittsburgh of one of 
her most eminent and valued citizens, 
always honorable in purpose and fearless 
in conduct, using his talents and oppor- 
tunities to the utmost in every work 
which he undertook, fulfilling to the let- 
ter every trust committed to him and 
generous in his feelings and in every 
action of his life. 

James Hill was one of the men who 
helped to lay deep and strong the founda- 
tions of the present city and Pittsburgh 
will not soon forget what she owes him, 
but not for his material benefits alone 
wall she hold him in grateful remem- 
brance. It was said of him that he 
"always lived the Golden Rule," and to 
the truth of the statement multitudes 
could testify. His business associates and 
subordinates, his personal friends, those 
whom he met in civic or religious fellow- 
ship — all knew him as a man of impartial 
justice, unfailing generosity and infinite 
kindness of heart. It is for these quali- 
ties even more than for his talents and 
successes that his memory is cherished 
to-day in the thoughts of those who were 
privileged to know him. He was one of 
the men who leave the world better than 
they found it. 



KAHLE. Frederick Leander, 

Prominent Lawyer and Court Official. 

The world-fame of Pittsburgh is due 
not wholly to the men whose intelligence, 
courage and industry have made her the 

I 



industrial centre of civilization. It has 
been, in no small measure, achieved for 
her by the pre-eminence of her bench and 
bar by the advocates and counsellors 
whose names have now passed into his- 
tory and also by those who are most ably 
and worthily filling their places, who are 
with us in "the living present." Promi- 
nent among those to the glory of whose 
achievements we are permitted to pay 
this timely tribute is Frederick Leander 
Kahle, of national reputation as counsel- 
lor for numerous men wdio are captains 
of industry and extensive corporations in 
diflferent parts of the State of Pennsyl- 
vania. Mr. Kahle's professional prestige 
has not eclipsed his sterling worth as a 
citizen and Pittsburgh gratefully ac- 
knowledges the debt she owes to his in- 
fluential public spirit. 

John Kahle, great-grandfather of Fred- 
erick Leander Kahle, was one of the early 
!>ettlers of Clarion county, Pennsylvania. 
(I) Frederick, son of John Kahle, was 
a judge in Pennsylvania. This fact is of 
peculiar interest as showing the legal 
ability possessed by the grandson to be 
an ancestral inheritance reappearing with 
increased power in the third generation, 
also a lumberman and merchant of Jeflfer- 
son county, Pennsylvania. He was also 
a man of substance, being one of the larg- 
est landowners in the county. He mar- 
ried Elizabeth Hiskel, also of Jeflferson 
county, a great-granddaughter of Conrad 
Weiser, who was secretary to William 
Penn. 

(IT) Frederick Peter, son of Fred- 
erick and Elizabeth (Hiskel) Kahle, 
engaged, during his early manhood, in 
farming and later became an extensive 
lumber merchant in Jefiferson county. He 
married Isabel, daughter of Andrew and 
Sarah (Scott) McCutcheon, formerly of 
Jefiferson and Allegheny counties, Penn- 
sylvania. Mr. McCutcheon was a con- 
spicuous figure in the iron and steel in- 
582 




<r/ujju^^i ^c^c:^u^^^^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



clnstry, owning furnaces in different parts 
of Clarion county. The four grand- 
parents of Frederick Leander Kahle, are 
all buried side-by-side in the same ceme- 
tery in Jefferson county. The following 
children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Fred- 
erick Peter Kahle: Benton Tilden, mer- 
chant of Pittsburgh, married Lizzie Rum- 
baugh, of Karns City, Butler county, 
Pennsylvania, and has two children, Edna 
and Claude; Emanuel W., oil operator, 
married Martha Sharp, of Segal, Jeffer- 
son county, died in 18S2, leaving one 
daughter, wife of O. Phillip Gifford Jr., 
of San Diego, California, son of the Rev. 
O. Phillip Gifford, of Buffalo, New York, 
and Boston ; Clarence, oil operator of 
Bartlesville, Oklahoma, married Lucy 
Barber, and has two children, Charles and 
a daughter Frances ; Dr. Albert Wesley, 
physician of Buffalo, New York, married 
Clara Metheany Lynch and has three 
sons, Richard, Raymond and Warren, 
graduates of Allegheny College at Mead- 
ville, Pennsylvania; Dr. Raymond D., of 
Lima. Ohio, physician and surgeon, is 
chief surgeon to most of the railroads 
running into that city. Great Medical Ex- 
aminer of Knights of Maccabees, and 
president of the Ohio State Board of 
Health, married Nellie Strickland, of 
Chautauqua county, New York, and has 
three daughters and a son ; Frederick Le- 
ander, mentioned below; Alice Araminta, 
wife of Don C. Henderson, city solicitor 
of Lima, Ohio, one of the most prominent 
attorneys of the state, has two children, 
Dudley and Marjorie; Dr. William A., 
graduate physician of New York Univer- 
sity, surgeon in Spanish-American war 
and shot while standing in his hospital 
tent in Cuba ; Francis U. Kahle, a gradu- 
ate chemist, married Louise, daughter of 
Judge Lorin L. Lewis, of the Supreme 
Court of New York State, has three chil- 
dren, one son Lorin and two daughters ; 
Dr. Charles Edgar, physician of Okla- 

PEN— 9 I 



homa City, Oklahoma, married Blanche 
Hays and has two sons ; Philip A., attor- 
ney of Lima, Ohio, married Rosemond 
McKibbon, and has two daughters and 
a son; and Harry V., attorney of Okla- 
homa City, Oklahoma, married Kate Ger- 
trude Byrn and has a son and daughter. 
The mother of this large family is still 
living, at the age of eighty-four, the 
father died in May, 1914, in his ninety- 
second year, after giving eight of his sons 
a classic education and seeing them enter 
the learned professions. Since 1890 they 
have resided at Lima, Ohio, having for- 
merly lived at Franklin, Pennsylvania. 
Mr. Frederick Peter Kahle was a Repub- 
lican and had been at different times the 
incumbent of various local offices. He 
and his wife were members of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal church, and Mr. Kahle 
was one of the most learned men on the 
Bible of his time, having been for years a 
great Bible student. 

(HI) Frederick Leander, son of Fred- 
erick Peter and Isabel (McCutcheon) 
Kahle, was born April 18, 1862, in Jef- 
ferson county, Pennsylvania, and was 
educated at the Plumer (Venango coun- 
ty, Pennsylvania) High School, the 
Rouseville Normal School and the Erie 
Seminary. For two years he was en- 
gaged in teaching at President and Shum- 
burg. Venango county, and in 1883-84 
he was principal of Sugar Grove (War- 
ren county, Pennsylvania) High School. 
He pursued his legal studies under the 
guidance of the Hon. J. H. Osnier, of 
Franklin, Pennsylvania, and in October 
1886, he was admitted to the bar of Ve- 
nango county. In 1895 he was admitted 
to practice in the Supreme Court of Penn- 
sylvania, and in 1899 he was invested 
with the right to appear in the United 
States Circuit and District Court for the 
Western District of Pennsylvania. In 
1905, on motion of Solicitor-General 

583 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Hoyt, he was admitted to the Supreme 
Court of the United States. 

The first twenty-five years of Air. 
Kahle's career, history has already taken 
into her keeping. His record will live in 
the annals of his state and nation and 
holds brilliant promise for the quarter of 
a century yet to come. In 1888 he was 
elected District Attorney of Venango 
county, and served one full term of three 
years. He was elected five consecutive 
terms as solicitor of Franklin, Pennsyl- 
vania, and in 1898 he was appointed 
Referee in Bankruptcy for Venango 
county, serving until 1904, when he re- 
signed and moved to Pittsburgh. He is 
attorney for extensive oil producers and 
oil corporations and represents profes- 
sionally, a number of the largest coal in- 
terests in the state of Pennsylvania. 
From the outset of his career he gave evi- 
dence of that blending of broad legal 
knowledge, administrative ability and 
acquaintance with affairs of the day 
necessary for the making of a successful 
lawyer, and with the lapse of years his 
extraordinary development of these quali- 
ties has placed him in the commanding 
position which has long been his beyond 
the possibility of dispute. As a trial law- 
yer, as an advocate, he has few peers ; he 
occupies a place of high honor among the 
leaders of the bar of this state, his law 
briefs for which he is so well known, are 
accurate legal presentations of marvelous 
clearness, exhaustive to a degree in cov- 
ering the whole field of the law involved. 

Mr. Kahle is emphatically a broad- 
minded man, possessing a range of inter- 
ests which includes all the essential ele- 
ments of a true life. First, last and 
always a lawyer, he never forgets that 
he is also a citizen, as his home city can 
abundantly bear witness. No movement 
or institution necessary to her substan- 
tial growth and truest welfare has failed 
to receive from him influential aid and 



encouragement. He is the owner of a 
large amount of Pittsburgh real estate, 
thus doing much to further the develop- 
ment of certain portions of the city and 
as a member of the Chamber of Com- 
merce and the Board of Trade he is a 
recognized force in matters municipal. 
He belongs to the Art Society and the 
Tariff' Club, is a life member of the Amer- 
icus Club and a life member of the Pitts- 
burgh Press Club and affiliates with the 
Alasonic fraternity. He is a member of 
the East Liberty Presbyterian Church. 

The personality of Mr. Kahle is such as 
renders him one of the most conspicuous 
and commanding figures. Not only do 
his tall stature and air of conscious power 
mark him as one of nature's leaders, but 
one glance at his nobly formed head and 
lofty and capacious forehead reveals him 
as a man of keenly analytical mind, un- 
failing self-reliance, deep convictions and 
extraordinary personal power. Intensity 
and force are stamped upon his strong, 
finely-moulded features and his eyes, with 
their clear, steady gaze, speak of a tenac- 
ity of purpose and an ability to penetrate 
to the very heart and centre of aff'airs 
which go far to explain the position of 
leadership which he has long held in the 
Ke3'Stone State. Above all, his aspect 
tells of elevation and character, unwaver- 
ing adherence to lofty ideals combined 
with broad human sympathies and a rare 
capacity for friendship. The most vivid 
and life-like description of his appearance 
is. perhaps, conveyed in the simple sen- 
tence: "He looks the man he is." 

Early in his career Mr. Kahle had the 
good fortune to win the love of a woman 
admirably fitted in all respects to be his 
life-companion — Mary Galbraith, daugh- 
ter of Dr. David Courtney and Angeline 
(Cubbison) Galbraith, of Franklin, Penn- 
sylvania. Dr. Galbraith, who is now de- 
ceased, was an extensive oil producer, 
and one of the most prominent physicians 

584 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of his community. Mr. Kahle and Miss 
Galbraith were married on May i6, 1888, 
and are now the parents of a son and 
a daughter : Clarence Courtney, born 
March 18, 1894, graduate of Shady Side 
Academy and now junior at Washington 
and Jefiferson College; and Anna, gradu- 
ate of Thurston-Gleim School, Pittsburgh. 
Mrs Kahle is a member of no clubs, but 
devoted to her home and family and the 
gracious and tactful discharge of the 
duties involved in her position in society. 
The city residence of the family is a cen- 
tre of hospitality, and in their country 
home at Beaver Falls, Beaver county, 
they delight to gather their friends about 
them. Mr. Kahle is the owner of a splen- 
did private library as well as one of the 
largest law libraries and one of the finest 
collections of oil paintings in the state of 
Pennsylvania, and his happiest hours are 
those which the strenuous demands of 
his profession permit him to pass at his 
own fireside. 

The professional position of Mr. Kahle 
has long been one of acknowledged lead- 
ership and leadership on so grand a scale 
that his home city of Pittsburgh cannot 
call him hers alone and even the old Com- 
monwealth confesses with pride that she 
cannot wholly claim him. He belongs to 
the Nation. In maintaining the ancient 
prestige of the bar of Pennsylvania the 
brilliancy of his triumphs has extended 
beyond the boundaries of his native state 
and has added new lustre to the splendid 
record of the bar of the United States of 
America. 



BLAIR, Parr Dalton, 

Prominent Educator. 

This branch of the ancient Blair family 
descends from the Ayrshire line which 
has been seated in Scotland ever since the 
Norman Conquest. The Blairs of Blair 
represent a line of ancestry including 
more than one family tie with the throne 



of Scotland. No crisis in Scottish history 
ever lacked champions among the Blairs, 
who were allies of Sir William Wallace 
and Robert Bruce. Not only were they 
great fighters for a just cause, but they 
were great defenders of the religious 
faith of Scotland in the Covenanting 
days. Many ministers and scholars have 
sprung from the house of Blair. Among 
these was Rev. Robert Blair, of St. An- 
drews, born in Ayrshire, in 1593. He 
was a professor in the University of 
Glasgow, chaplain of Charles I., and 
grand-nephew to the Laird of Blair. 
When the Presbyterian movement had its 
birth at the death of Queen Elizabeth and 
James VI. (I) came to the throne. Rev. 
Robert Blair was born to the inheritance 
of the Covenanters. He resigned his posi- 
tion at the university and at Court, and 
at the sacrifice of all worldly advantage 
took up the perilous fight for religious 
liberty which ended in his exile from the 
University of St. Andrew's, where he had 
subsequently been appointed. Rev. Rob- 
ert Blair of St. Andrew's, as he was gen- 
erally called, was the great-great-grand- 
father of Rev. Hugh Blair, of Edinburgh, 
whose fame as a preacher and rhetorician 
is well known. In 1623, Rev. Robert Blair 
went to Ireland to found the Presbyterian 
church at Bangor, County Down. Per- 
secution followed him, and he led a 
stormy life, but never once did he aban- 
don the cause of the Covenant. He died 
in 1666, in Scotland, leaving a number of 
children, several of whom remained in 
Ireland. 

Descended from the family of Rev. 
Robert Blair of St. Andrew's, were two 
lines established in East Kilbride, County 
Antrim. To one of these belonged John 
Blair, of Donegore, who lived in the old 
homestead at Ballywee, still inhabited by 
Blairs of the same ancestry. This house 
was built about 1640, and one of the heir- 
looms in the family is an old chair beau- 



1585 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tifully carved which bears this inscrip- 
tion : "John P>lair, 1660." About 1730 there 
\ived at Donegore a John Blair of this 
line who later attained the great age of 
one hundred and one years, longevity 
being a characteristic of these Blairs. A 
son of this centenarian was Hugh Blair, 
who was born in 1741, married twice in 
Ireland, and had a family of eleven chil- 
dren, all of whom emigrated to America. 
In 1802, Hugh Blair and his second wife. 
Jane Thompson, came to Pennsylvania 
with five children (all that were left at 
the time in Ireland), and joined here his 
older children. He was then sixty-one 
years of age, but full of vigor and enter- 
prise. Shortly after his arrival he pur- 
chased a farm of two hundred acres part- 
ly cleared and improved by an earlier 
settler. This tract was located about two 
miles north of Hartstown, Crawford 
county, Pennsylvania, and here the Blair 
family established itself permanently, 
this same land being still held by de- 
scendants of Hugh Blair, the emigrant. 
In 1902 a centennial reunion held at Harts- 
town brought together some four hun- 
dred Blairs, all of whom traced their ori- 
gin to this same Blair ancestor. 

The eleven children of Hugh Blair 
were all the issue of his first marriage in 
Ireland. They were : Rev. David Blair, 
of Indiana county, Pennsylvania, father 
of Judge John P. Blair, of that county, 
and of Hon. Samuel Steele Blair, of Hol- 
lidaysburg, Pennsylvania, member of 
Congress ; Henry Blair, of East Fallow- 
field township ; Moses Blair, of East Fal- 
lowfield township ; Robert, of South 
Shenango ; John, of West Fallowfield 
township; Hugh, of North Shenango; 
William, who died young ; James, who in- 
herited the homestead at Hartstown. 
There were also three daughters : Mar- 
garet. Ann Jane and Elizabeth, all of 
whom were married and have descend- 
ants. 



John Blair, of West Fallowfield town- 
ship, son of Hugh Blair, the Hartstown 
settler, married Miss Mary McQuiston, 
a member of one of the large and in- 
fluential families of Crawford county. Of 
this union were born five sons and six 
daughters. The oldest son, Hugh Blair, 
grandson of Hugh, was born in West Fal- 
lowfield township, on his father's farm, 
two miles north of Hartstown, December 
14, 1809. This farm consisted of a few 
acres of the original homestead deeded 
to him by his father (Hugh Blair, the 
emigrant), to which he and his most esti- 
mable wife, by their industry and fru- 
gality, added by purchase until they had 
over two hundred and fifty acres. They 
improved the farm and erected thereon 
modern buildings. Their sons were given 
farms from this estate. Hugh, the oldest, 
secured sixty acres, about ten of this be- 
ing a part of the old homestead deeded 
by his grandfather to his father. On this 
part, which was favorably located and 
contained a good spring of water, he lo- 
cated his buildings. In 1840 he journeyed 
to Mahoning county, Ohio, and was 
united in marriage to Margaret Calvin. 
She was born in Hampshire county, Vir- 
ginia, February 22. 1810. The Calvins 
had emigrated from France to the United 
States at an early date and settled in New 
Jersey, later moving to Hampshire 
county. Virginia, where they lived until 
1816. Being surrounded by slaveholders, 
and not wishing to own slaves, Samuel 
Calvin (born December 29, 1767), and 
Margaret, his wife, sold their Virginia 
home, and with their two sons and six 
daughters moved to Mahoning county, 
Ohio, in 1816. and settled on a farm of 
four hundred and eighty acres located in 
Green township, which Samuel Calvin 
had purchased on a previous visit to 
Ohio. They made many improvements 
on this farm, where their children grew 
to manhood and womanhood. It was 
586 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



here that Hugh Blair and Margaret Cal- 
vin were married in 1840, after which 
they went to live on their farm two miles 
north of Hartstown, Pennsylvania. 

Margaret (Calvin) Blair often talked to 
her children of the old home in Virginia. 
She told of seeing the slaves work, and of 
seeing the little slave children kindly 
cared for. When three years old she 
stood on the high porch at her home and 
watched soldiers of the War of 1812 re- 
turning home, and heard them singing 
their homecoming songs in a joyous 
spirit. She told of the journey of the 
family over the mountains to the Ohio 
home. There were no Pullman coaches 
in those days. They moved in a number 
of large wagons with panelled boxes that 
looked more like big boats than wagon 
boxes. The wagons were each drawn by 
four large horses. Her mother rode her 
saddle horse, and often one of the younger 
girls rode with her. Side saddles were 
used in those days. They travelled over 
mountain roads and hills, forded rivers 
and streams, and after a number of 
weary days' travel arrived at their Ohio 
home. Here the land was so much more 
level than in the Virginia country that 
the only thing that looked natural was 
the large spring of cool water near the 
door. In religion the Calvins were Bap- 
tists and Lutherans ; in politics they were 
Democrats. 

(Ill) Hugh Blair and Margaret (Cal- 
vin) Blair had five children : Samuel Cal- 
vin, Mary Catharine, John Alexander, 
Sarah Ann, and Martha Jane. Hugh and 
Margaret Blair, being industrious and 
frugal, soon bought one hundred acres 
more land one mile north of the farm 
upon which they lived. A large part of 
this land was covered with original pine 
timber from which he had shaved pine 
shingles manufactured. These were mar- 
keted at good prices, as was also the stock 
and produce of the farm which enabled 



them to improve the farm and erect 
thereon a modern basement barn. They 
were prepared to build a modern house 
also, when in 1859 they decided to sell 
and buy an excellent farm of one hundred 
and seventy acres one mile north of 
Hartstown. To this farm they moved in 
the fall of 1859, where they engaged in 
farming and stock raising. The children 
were educated in the public schools and 
the academies at Hartstown and James- 
town. Pennsylvania. Hugh Blair died 
April 2, 1886, aged seventy-six years; 
Margaret Blair, July 20, 1887, aged sev- 
enty-seven years. 

(IV) John Alexander, son of Hugh 
and ]\Iargaret (Calvin) Blair, was born 
on the home farm, two miles north of 
Hartstown, on January 29, 1846. He was 
educated in the public schools and the 
Hartstown Academy. He was engaged 
in agriculture until 1870, when he went 
into the mercantile business as a partner 
of his brother, and financially lost all in 
the panic of 1873. He was united in mar- 
riage at Hartstown. Pennsylvania, on Oc- 
tober 14, 1875, to Sarah Elva Hunter. She 
was born in Woodcock township, two 
miles east of Saegerstown, on December 
13, 1854, the daughter of Samuel E. Hun- 
ter and Mary Elizabeth (Clark) Hunter, 
and granddaughter of David Hunter. The 
latter married Catherine Carr, and the 
following children were born : Mary M., 
William G., Griffith W., Nancy. Eliza 
Jane, Penelope, Samuel E., and John. 
Samuel E. Hunter was born in Wood- 
cock township, and died at Hartstown, 
in January, 1887, aged fifty-six years. He 
married Elizabeth Clark, who was bom 
at Watson Run, near Meadville, Penn- 
sylvania, November 3, 1835, and died 
March 26, 1907, at the home of her daugh- 
ter. Mrs. John A. Blair, near Townville. 
The children of Samuel E. and Mary Eliz- 
abeth (Clark) Hunter were: Sarah Elva, 
William (died in infancy), Harry Eugene, 

587 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Edgar Ewing, Anna Drucilla, Bertha 
Dean and Mertie E. The children of 
John Alexander and Sarah Elva (Hunter) 
Blair are: Parr Dalton, born March 28, 
1877; Thomas Lloyd, born February 4, 
1879; and Mary Helen (Ingraham), born 
May 24, 1887. After his marriage, John 
A. Blair again engaged in agriculture. He 
is a progressive Democrat, and has held 
the various local offices. He is a mem- 
ber of Steuben Grange, Patrons of Hus- 
bandry, and the Baptist church. During 
the Civil War, too young to pass the re- 
cruiting oflices, he formed a wild plan to 
run away and join a cousin in the Union 
army, but was thwarted by the untimely 
death of the cousin, who was killed in 
battle. In 1884 he purchased a farm in 
Steuben township, Crawford county, one 
mile east of Townville. To this farm of 
one hundred and twenty acres he moved 
with his wife and two sons, aged seven 
and five years, where they engaged in 
dairying and stock raising. 

(V) Parr Dalton Blair, eldest son of 
John Alexander and Sarah Elva (Hunter) 
Blair, was born on the home farm, one 
mile north of Hartstown, Pennsylvania, 
March 28, 1877, and is now the county 
superintendent of the public schools of 
Crawford county, Pennsylvania. He was 
seven years of age when the family 
moved to Steuben township in 1884. He 
received his early education in Rosedale 
Seminary (a private school taught by 
Miss Mary Rose in Townville), the pub- 
lic schools of Steuben township and 
Townville borough, and the Meadville 
high school. He later entered the Clarion 
State Normal School, and was graduated 
from that school in 1897. He did ad- 
vanced work at the Normal School, and 
later entered Allegheny College in Mead- 
ville, Pennsylvania, in which institution 
he took part of his college course. Later 
he did work in Beaver and Grove City 
colleges, and was graduated from Grove 



City College with the degree of Bachelor 
of Arts, and later was granted the de- 
gree of Master of Arts. Since graduating 
from college he has taken advanced work 
in Harvard University. During these 
years of study, Mr. Blair raised the funds 
necessary to enable him to continue his 
education by teaching in nearby district 
and borough schools. He taught two 
years in the Richmond township schools, 
one year in Mead township high school. 
For a time he was an instructor in the 
Clarion State Normal School, principal 
of the Spartansburg public schools one 
year, going from there to Glen Hazel, 
where he was principal for two years. 
In the summer of 1902 he was an in- 
structor in Beaver College, then was prin- 
cipal at Springboro for two years, leav- 
ing there to complete his college course. 
He was then principal of the high school 
and supervising principal of the Irwin 
public schools (Westmoreland county, 
Pennsylvania) for three years. In 1908 
he resigned this position to accept the 
supervising principalship of the Cam- 
bridge Springs public schools. He held 
this position until June, 191 1. On May 
2, 191 1, he was elected county superin- 
tendent of the schools of Crawford coun- 
ty, Pennsylvania, which position he still 
holds, having been unanimously reelected 
in 1914 for a term of four years. Pro- 
fessor Blair has had a wide and success- 
ful experience as a student and a school 
man. He knows the schools of his coun- 
ty, their problems and their needs, and 
is making an excellent superintendent. 
He occupies a prominent position among 
the educators of the State. He is a mem- 
ber of the Pennsylvania State and the 
National Educational Associations. As a 
leader he has been very successful in en- 
couraging and inspiring his teachers to a 
greater degree of efficiency. The courses 
of study have been rendered more com- 
prehensive and practical and the entire 




W:^^ . ^.,4/r^^--/ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



educational system has been benefited as 
a result of his energy and ability. 

During the Spanish-American War of 
189S, Mr. Blair, then a student at the 
Clarion State Normal School, offered his 
services to Captain A. J. Davis, who was 
principal of the Normal School. Captain 
Davis and the other recruiting officers, 
however, refused to accept recruits from 
the student body, but allowed a reserve 
company to be formed, available should 
another call be made upon Pennsylvania 
for men. This company Mr. Blair joined, 
and prepared for military duty should his 
service be required. He also took mili- 
tary training in college, and was a com- 
missioned officer in the college battalion. 

Mr. Blair was married to Miss Allie 
Belle Farley, at Spartansburg, Pennsyl- 
vania, on August 2, 1905. Miss Farley 
was born in Spartansburg, on June 3, 
1876. She received her education in 
the Spartansburg and Meadville public 
schools, Allegheny College, and the Em- 
erson College of Oratory in Boston, Mas- 
sachusetts. She was a very successful 
teacher in the schools at Spartansburg 
and Springboro, and is a reader and im- 
personator of considerable ability. She 
is the daughter of William and Mary 
Amanda (Halladay) Farley. William 
Farley was born in Williamsport, Penn- 
sylvania, on March 23, 1831, and died at 
Spartansburg, Pennsylvania, on Decem- 
ber 28, 1910, aged seventy-nine years. 
When he was a boy, his father, Peter 
Farley, moved to Striker, Ohio, where he 
was engaged in agriculture. His early 
life was spent here as were also those of 
his brother and three sisters. When he 
was a young man he came to Pennsyl- 
vania, and for many years he was en- 
gaged in lumbering in Pennsylvania and 
in South Carolina. For many years he 
lived at Spartansburg, Pennsylvania, 
where he was a respected and honored 
citizen. He was for over twenty years 



justice of the peace in Spartansburg. 
Mary Amanda (Halladay) Farley was 
born in Cayuga county. New York, No- 
vember 17, 1835, and died at the home of 
her daughter, Mrs. Blair, in Meadville, 
May 28, 1914, aged seventy-nine years. 
She was the daughter of William C. and 
Mary (Miller) Halladay. William C. 
Halladay was one of six brothers, all of 
whom except William were ministers. 
William was a teacher, a mason, and later 
a warden of the State prison at Auburn, 
New York. Mary (Miller) Halladay was 
a cousin of President Andrew Jackson. 
Mr. and Mrs. Halladay were the parents 
of twelve children. 

Mr. and Mrs. P. D. Blair are the par- 
ents of four children: i. Howard Farley, 
was born in Irwin. May 17, 1906, and 
died August 22, 1907; he was a bright, 
interesting little boy, and his early loss 
was a severe trial for his parents. 2. June 
Alathea.was born in Irwin, Pennsylvania, 
on June i, 1908; she is now nearly seven 
years of age, and is attending public 
school in Meadville. 3. Paul Dalton, was 
born at Cambridge Springs, on February 
2, 1910. 4. John William, was born in 
Meadville, on January 20, 191 2, and died 
at birth. 

Mr. Blair is a member of Spartan 
Lodge, No. 372, Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons, and of Crawford Lodge, No. 734, 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows. He 
is a member of the Round Table of Mead- 
ville, and an elder in the First Presby- 
terian Church of Meadville, Pennsylvania. 



NEEB, William, 

Journalist, Financier. 

The "Fourth Estate" has ever been a 
power in Pittsburgh, and conspicuous 
among its advanced guard was the late 
William Neeb. for nearly fifty years one 
of the two proprietors of the "Freiheits 
Freund," the first German newspaper 
established in the Iron City. Mr. Neeb 

589 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



was intimately associated with the finan- 
cial, religious and social life of Pitts- 
burgh, and for many years played an in- 
fluential part in the political arena. 

William Neeb was born July 3, 1822, in 
Naunheim, near Giessen, Hessen-Darm- 
stadt, Germany, and when he was two 
years old his father died. William Neeb 
was the only child, and he and his mother 
came to the United States with his 
father's brother, Casper Neeb, landing in 
Baltimore, Maryland. After remaining 
there a short time his mother took him 
to Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, where 
William learned the printer's trade under 
Victor Scriba, owner of the "Freiheits 
Freund." In 1837 Scriba was prevailed 
upon by the German citizens of Pitts- 
burgh to take his paper to that city, as 
the German element there was not satis- 
fied with the representation accorded it 
by the papers Scriba, therefore, trans- 
ported his entire printing equipment on 
Conestoga wagons across the mountains 
to Pittsburgh, bringing with him also his 
helpers. Among these were the youth, 
William Neeb, and his cousin, John Louis 
Neeb. Thus it was that, seventy-seven 
years ago, Teutonic journalism first 
gained a foothold in the metropolis of 
Pennsylvania. 

After spending some time in Pitts- 
burgh, William Neeb went to New Or- 
leans, where he engaged in the printing 
business, subsequently removing to Bos- 
ton and publishing in that city a German 
paper. About 1S42 he returned to Pitts- 
burgh, where he became the joint pro- 
prietor of the "Freiheits Freund," the 
owner being his cousin, John Louis, who 
had bought the paper of Scriba on the 
latter's retirement. During the succeed- 
ing forty-seven years the two cousins suc- 
cessfully conducted this influential jour- 
nal, making it not only an advocate of 
German interests, but a power for all that 
was best and truly progressive in the city. 



the state and the nation. For nearly half 
a century William Neeb and his cousin, 
John Louis Neeb, were the chief source 
of its inspiration and prosperity. 

Not only was Mr. Neeb conspicuously 
associated with the journalistic life of his 
city, but in the promotion of her other 
essential interests he always took a lead- 
ing part. Ever ready to respond to any 
deserving call made upon him he was 
widely charitable, but such was his ab- 
horrence of ostentation that the full num- 
ber of his benefactions will never be 
known to the world. He was a director 
of the Germania Bank, the German Na- 
tional Bank, and the Lincoln National 
Bank. He affiliated with McKinley 
Lodge, Free and Accepted Alasons, of 
Allegheny (now North Side, Pittsburgh), 
and was a member of the German Evan- 
gelical church, taking an active part in its 
work and support. 

Intensely public-spirited, Mr. Neeb was 
always keenly interested in matters politi- 
cal. He was one of the founders of the 
Republican party in Pittsburgh, organ- 
ized in 1856 in Lafayette Hall, and for 
many years was actively identified with 
its history, serving as one of the presi- 
dential electors for President Hayes. To 
every movement which in his judgment 
tended to promote the welfare and ad- 
vancement of his home city, he gave his 
hearty support and co-operation. The ex- 
ceptionally strong mental endowments by 
which Mr. Neeb was always character- 
ized were balanced by a wonderful depth 
of heart and breadth of mind, the whole 
dominated by a stainless integrity and an 
innate nobility of soul. His intuition, his 
courage and his fidelity to his word made 
him a leader among men, and he pos- 
sessed also the faculty of vision, the abil- 
ity to read the future and see whither 
events were tending. His temperament 
was essentially literary and he kept fully 
abreast of the thought of his time. Tall 

590 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



in stature and of strikingly dignified pres- 
ence, his finely moulded features accentu- 
ated by gray hair, moustache and beard, 
his manner genial and courteous, he had 
a most impressive personality. His dark 
eyes were keen but quiet, the eyes of a 
man who had seen and thought and done. 
He was a true gentleman and a noble 
gifted, kindly and lovable man. 

Mr. Neeb married. May i6, 1S50. Eliza- 
beth, daughter of John and Elizabeth 
(Stout) Voegtiy. Mr. Voegtly came 
from Germany to the United States in 
1822, settling in Allegheny, Pennsylvania, 
where he bought land, followed the call- 
ing of a miller and looked after his estate. 
Mr. and Mrs. Neeb were the parents of 
the following children: i. John Nicholas. 
2. Mary Elizabeth, married John ]\I. 
Goehring, attorney, and president of the 
Pittsburgh councils, and ex-state senator, 
and had four children: William Neeb 
Goehring, M. D., a practicing physician 
in Pittsburgh ; Harvey John Goehring, in 
the hardware business in Pittsburgh ; 
Louis Meek Goehring, attending Wash- 
ington and JefTerson College ; and Flora 
Sadie Goehring, at home. 3. Sarah Anna, 
of Pittsburgh. 4. Charles William, died 
July 4, 1914. 5. Ella S., now deceased, 
married Chester Hoag, of California ; 
children: Elizabeth, Charlotte, John and 
Chester, all of California. 6. Ida Flora, 
died in infancy. 7. Cora M. L., married 
Francis F. Williams, a broker of Chicago, 
and has two children : Virginia and 
Willa. 8. Olga V. C, now deceased, mar- 
ried John L. Boyd, of Seattle, Washmg- 
ton, and had two children : Catherine and 
William Neeb. John Nicholas Neeb, the 
eldest of this family, was associated with 
his father in the management of the "Frei- 
heits Freund," and early entered political 
life. He was identified with the Repub- 
lican party, and enjoyed extreme personal 



popularity. At twenty-one he was a coun- 
cilman, and subsequently he represented 
the Forty-second District in the State 
Senate. On February 19, 1893, he passed 
away, deeply mourned by a large circle 
of friends who regretted the premature 
ending of a career which seemed so full 
of brilliant promise. 

In his domestic relations William Neeb 
was singular happy. He was essentially 
a home-lover and his fireside was the 
abode of peace and felicity. It was also 
a centre of hospitality and all who were 
privileged to be entertained there will 
never forget the gracious charm of their 
host and hostess. "Full of years and 
honors." this veteran journalist closed his 
long and useful career, passing away Jan- 
uary 7, 1899, after sixty-two years of con- 
tinuous work in the newspaper world. 
His was a singularly complete life, full 
of goodness, leaving a trail of light be- 
hind. Irreproachable in every relation- 
ship, he was loved and venerated by the 
entire community. The following "In 
Memoriam" was the tribute of the board 
of directors of the German Savings Bank: 

Though quiet and unassuming in manner, he 
gave to the trusts reposed in him the highest 
degree of intelligent and conscientious care. It 
has been the good fortune of his associates on 
this board to profit by that wisdom and counsel, 
sterling integrity and business sagacity which 
have long rendered him a distinguished and 
honored citizen of the community. His death 
brings profound sorrow in this board, while his 
memory and example remain to be cherished and 
emulated. 

William Neeb was one of the finest 
types of the German-American. A char- 
acter like his is best described in the 
words of Shakespeare : 

His life was gentle, and the elements 

So mixed in him, that Nature might stand up 

And say to all the world — "This was a man!" 



1591 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



NEEB, John Louis, 

Prominent Journalist. 

It is impossible to recall the Pittsburgh 
of the latter half of the nineteenth cen- 
tury without summoning before our ret- 
rospective vision the figure of one of the 
men most closely associated with that 
period of the city's history — the late John 
Louis Neeb, for nearly sixty-one years 
continuously connected with the "Frei- 
heits Freund," and for forty-seven years 
one of its two joint owners. During his 
long residence in Pittsburgh Mr. Neeb 
was closely and influentially identified 
with her leading interests and was always 
numbered among her foremost citizens. 

John Louis Neeb was born March lo, 
1819, at Naunheim, near Giessen, Hessen- 
Darmstadt, Germany, and was a son of 
Casper and i\Iary Neeb. The father fol- 
lowed the cooper's trade and with his 
children, his first wife having died, came 
to the United States, landing in Balti- 
more, Maryland, and after a short time 
removed to Richfield, Ohio. In Cham- 
bersburg, Pennsylvania, John Louis, at 
the age of sixteen, became an apprentice 
in the office of the "Freiheits Freund," 
and in 1837 Victor Scriba, owner of the 
paper, removed, at the solicitation of the 
German residents of Pittsburgh, to that 
city, where he established his journal and 
from the outset prospered greatly. 

On coming to Pittsburgh, Mr. Scriba 
brought with him his helpers, among 
whom were John Louis Neeb and his 
cousin William, a biography of whom ap- 
pears elsewhere in this work. The former 
remained continuously with the paper, 
steadily advancing, by force of diligence 
and innate ability, from one higher posi- 
tion to another, and it was largely due to 
his efforts that the "Freiheits Freund" 
attained and kept for so long a period its 
commanding position in the newspaper 
world. 

In 1840 Mr. Neeb purchased a half- 



interest in the paper, and two years later 
persuaded his cousin William to come 
from Boston and buy the other half, Mr. 
Scriba having retired. Under the capa- 
ble management of the two cousins the 
"Freiheits Freund" not only increased in 
circulation, but became more than ever 
distinguished for its liberal enlightened 
views, its sound wisdom, far-sighted 
judgment and elevated moral standards, 
and became and was recognized as the 
leading German paper in Western Penn- 
sylvania. This paper as it is to-day the 
"Volksblatt and Freiheits Freund" is one 
of the leading German papers in America 
in standing, circulation and influence. 
John Louis Neeb, and his cousin, William 
Neeb, from their long and uninterrupted 
connection with the journal, may be said 
to have been in a special sense its heart 
and soul. 

In politics Mr. Neeb was first a Whig 
and later a Republican, but he never took 
any active part in the aft'airs of the or- 
ganization, steadily refusing to allow his 
name to be placed in nomination as a can- 
didate for any office. His interest in all 
forms of philanthropic enterprise was 
ever keen and helpful and his private 
charities were numerous but known to 
few with exception of the recipients. He 
was a director in various institutions and 
belonged to several German fraternal 
orders. He attended the Evangelical Lu- 
theran Church. 

The personality of Mr. Neeb may be 
described as a man of creative genius 
consumed with the desire to do things 
well. The value of such a man to a com- 
munity cannot be measured, especially, 
when, as in Mr. Neeb's case, these attrib- 
utes are combined with a loyalty to prin- 
ciple which commands the absolute con- 
fidence and the highest esteem of the gen- 
eral public. Of fine personal appearance, 
he was of medium height, with iron gray 
hair and florid complexion, his smooth- 



1592 




/ 4 , .A/I^^^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



shaven face, with its strong yet sensitive 
features, bearing the imprint of a nature 
so genial and sympathetic as to possess 
a rare magnetism. Every line expressed 
the refinement of the litterateur and the 
man of cultivated tastes. His blue eyes 
were at once searching and thoughtful, 
eloquent of the kindly disposition which 
surrounded him with friends. He was a 
man of valiant fidelity, true and generous 
in thought, word and deed. 

Mr. Neeb married, in November, 1848, 
Amanda Malvina, born July 28, 1828, at 
Mount Pleasant, Pennsylvania, daughter 
of Richard and Mary (Mangold) Allison, 
of Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania. 
Mr. Allison was a native of New Eng- 
land, of old Puritan stock and his wife 
was born in Norristown, Pennsylvania, 
and her father was a native of Switzer- 
land. The following children were born 
to Mr. and Mrs. Neeb ; Harry Adolph ; 
Albert, died in infancy ; Otto, also died 
in infancy ; Amelia Mary, died January 
ID, 1901 ; Frank Caspar, a contractor of 
Lancaster, Ohio, died February i, 1902: 
Alfred Rudolph, director and treasurer 
of the Neeb-Hirsch Publishing Company, 
died January 11, 1908. ]\Ir. Neeb, a man 
of strong domestic tastes and affections, 
was the centre of a happy home, and it 
was there that he delighted to gather his 
friends about him. The hospitality of 
Mr. and Mrs. Neeb has left precious 
memories in many hearts. The latter sur- 
vived her husband eighteen years, pass- 
ing away July 26, 1914. 

The death of Mr. Neeb which occurred 
July 15, 1896, deprived Pittsburgh of one 
of her pioneers of the "Fourth Estate" 
who left a record of sixty-one years of un- 
broken activity as a journalist, and whose 
life, both as business man and citizen, 
was free from the slightest blemish. Edi- 
torially, a Pittsburgh paper said of him 
in part: "A life of great business ability 
was ended by the death of John Louis 

I 



Neeb. His was a life of high ambition. 
He was a man of many friends, and his 
death is deeply regretted by all those who 
were fortunate enough to possess his 
friendship." 

This is the description of a true life — a 
life of quiet force, high-minded endeavor 
and large benevolence, a life that left the 
world better than it found it. Such was 
the life of John Louis Neeb. 



CARSON, Robert, 

Man of A£Fairs, Model Citizen. 

The business men of the Pittsburgh of 
the latter half of the nineteenth century 
— a time now rapidly receding from our 
thought and vision — were a stately group, 
and among the commanding forms which 
now loom large through the mists of years 
none stood higher or played a more 
honorable part than the late Robert Car- 
son, for a long period prominently identi- 
fied with the development of the leading 
commercial interests of the Iron City. 

The Carson family, originally of Nor- 
mandy, in the course of time was trans- 
])lanted to vScotland, and still later found a 
home in Ireland, a branch being still resi- 
dent in Belfast, and numbering among its 
representatives baronets, judges, attorneys 
and others in the upper walks of life. The 
family crest is a hand clasping a falchion 
and the motto is — a proof of the Norman 
origin of the race — Nc m'oitblicc. 

Robert Carson was born in June, 1828, 
in Belfast, County Down, Ireland, and 
was one of the seven children of Robert 
and Ann (Morrison) Carson, the latter a 
member of an old Scottish family. Rob- 
bert Carson received his education in his 
native land, and after the death of his 
father, came at the age of seventeen or 
eighteen years, to the United States. 
After spending some time in New Or- 
leans and finding employment at various 
occupations Mr. Carson came to Pitts- 
burgh, where he entered the wholesale 

593 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



grocery business, building up a very large 
concern and, as the years went on, ex- 
tending its scope. He was at first asso- 
ciated with his brother Alexander under 
the firm name of A. & R. Carson, but the 
outbreak of the Civil War caused a disso- 
lution of the partnership, Alexander en- 
listing in the Union army, rising to the 
rank of captain and participating in many 
of the notable battles of the four years' 
struggle. Prior to his brother's with- 
drawal Mr. Carson had formed the inten- 
tion of engaging in the iron manufactur- 
ing business, with which so many men 
of that period were associating them- 
selves, but being left sole owner of the 
establishment which he had done so much 
to build up he decided not to abandon it 
and continued his connection with it to 
the close of his life. His capable manage- 
ment and far-sighted sagacity made of it, 
as the months and years rolled on, a 
monument to his rare business ability and 
unblemished integrity. 

No man was ever more public-spirited 
than Mr. Carson. Nothing that in any 
way affected the welfare of Pittsburgh 
was a matter of indifiference to him and 
his influential support and substantial aid 
were never withheld from movements 
and measures which commended them- 
selves to his sound judgment and large 
benevolence. He was interested in many 
financial enterprises and owned much 
real estate on Federal street. Though 
frequently urged to become a candidate 
for office he invariably declined, but 
always, as a true Republican, voted for 
the men whom he deemed best fitted to 
discharge the duties of the offices for 
which they were nominated. In religion 
he was originally a Covenanter, but later 
became a member of the Second United 
Presbyterian Church. 

Some men are so constituted as not to 
reveal in face and manner the quality of 
character and disposition. The observer 



has, as we say, "to look below the sur- 
face." This, however, was not the case 
with Robert Carson. Everything about 
the man was expressive of the inner 
nature. His tall stature, large frame and 
broad shoulders told of strength, but 
strength dominated from within, and his 
fine, sensitive face, the florid complexion 
contrasting with the white moustache, 
small white beard and snowy hair, spoke 
of power used for lofty ends. The blue 
eyes beamed with friendliness and at 
times twinkled with humor. Those who 
met him immediately became aware that 
they stood in the presence of a man pos- 
sessed of strong mental endowments and 
remarkable quickness of perception, in- 
tuitively recognizing and grasping every 
opportunity and turning it, with wonder- 
ful efficiency, to the best possible account. 
His ability to read character enabled him 
to surround himself with associates and 
subordinates exceptionally fitted to co- 
operate with him and such was his per- 
sonal magnetism that he never failed, in 
controlling men, to win their enthusiastic 
loyalty. In manner he was simple, digni- 
fied and genial. His whole personality 
was that of the man of ancient race and 
noble traditions. 

In the choice of a companion for life 
Mr. Carson was singularly fortunate. 
Miss Grace Walker Hand, whom he mar- 
ried on October 29, 1861, was a woman 
admirably fitted to be the presiding 
genius of his home and his faithful and 
sympathetic coadjutor in the benevolent 
anl charitable work in which he was so 
deeply interested. Mrs. Carson was a 
daughter of George and Judith (Pritch- 
ard) Hand, and was brought up by an 
aunt, having been early left an orphan. 
Her father was an officer in the English 
army. Mr. and Mrs. Carson were the 
parents of the following children : Eliza- 
beth, who became the wife of W. M. 
Gormly, and died leaving four children, 

594 




<:^2/A'^c. 



/■ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



William, Robert, Elizabeth, and Carson, 
now deceased ; Ann Morrison, who mar- 
ried R. J. Butz, of Pittsburgh, and be- 
came the mother of three children, Rob- 
ert, John, deceased, and Edward M.; 
Grace Walker, died in infancy ; Mary, 
educated in Pennsylvania College and 
Bishop Bowman Institute and now living 
in Pittsburgh ; Robert, of Pittsburgh ; 
Margaret Jane, educated at Bishop Bow- 
man Institute, married Edward Franklin 
Thompson, of Glen Osborne, Pennsyl- 
vania, and has two children, Edward and 
Margaret ; Julia, graduate of Bishop Bow- 
man Institute, member of the Twentieth 
Century Club and a favorite in the social 
circles of Pittsburgh ; and Georgia, edu- 
cated at Bishop Bowman Institute. Miss 
Georgia Carson has lived much abroad, 
having studied music and languages in 
Paris ; she is a member of the York Club 
of New York City and spends much of 
her time in travelling on the Continent. 

No feature of Mr. Carson's character 
was more strongly marked than his de- 
votion to home and family, and the ruling 
motive of his life was the desire that 
those dear to him should be surrounded 
with all possible comforts and that his 
children should enjoy all available advan- 
tages of education. His happiest hours 
were those which he spent with the mem- 
bers of his household and in their society, 
and in the company of his books he found 
his favorite form of relaxation. The wife 
and mother, who was the heart and cen- 
tre of the family life, survived the hus- 
band to whom she was so devoted, pass- 
ing away March i, 1900. 

While he still lingered on the confines 
of old age and before infirmity had laid 
its heavy hand upon him Air. Carson 
closed his career of usefulness and honor 
breathing his last on March 31, 1895. The 
success which he achieved was one not 
to be measured by financial prosperity, 
abounding as it did in philanthropies and 

I 



in the daily practice of those kindly 
amenities which make so much of the 
happiness of human life. 

The passing of Robert Carson removed 
from Pittsburgh a noble presence — the 
presence of a man whose triumphs were 
never purchased at the price of honor and 
who, in building his own fortune, in- 
creased the prosperity of his home city 
and ministered to the welfare of his fel- 
lowmen. 



MORGAN, Algernon S. M., 

Civil War Veteran, Man of Affairs. 

Colonel Algernon Sidney Mountain 
Morgan was one of the last to pass away 
of a generation of Pittsburgh men, who 
as soldiers, engineers, manufacturers, 
bankers and men of business built upon 
the strong foundations of an older order, 
and to whom the city owes its present 
commanding place in the world of great 
affairs. 

He was born May 9, 183 1, in Washing- 
ton county, and was the descendant of 
men who had won distinction in the early 
history of the colonies of the United 
States. His great-grandfather, Colonel 
George Morgan, of "Prospect," Prince- 
ton, New Jersey, and of Morganza, in 
Washington county, was one of the most 
notable men of his day, winning distinc- 
tion as a patriot and a soldier in the Rev- 
olution, and renown as a scientific agri- 
culturist. Others of his forbears fought 
in the Indian wars and in the Revolution, 
and many of them were intimately asso- 
ciated with the early history of Pitts- 
burgh. 

Colonel James B. Morgan, father of the 
subject of this sketch, and his wife, Susan 
Mountain Morgan, moved with their fam- 
ily from \A'ashington county to Pitts- 
burgh, in 1832. Here their oldest son. 
Algernon Sidney Mountain Morgan, at 
the age of eight years was placed in a 
private school on the property of George 

595 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Bayard, Esq., a property which is now 
included in Allegheny Cemetery. From 
this school he went to the Western Uni- 
versity, of which his maternal grand- 
father, James Mountain, counsellor-at- 
law, was one of the founders. From the 
university he graduated in 1849, ^nd was 
immediately appointed a rodman in the 
engineering force of the newly chartered 
Ohio & Pennsylvania Railroad Company, 
which was organized to build a railroad 
from Pittsburgh to the west, and which 
is now embodied in the Pittsburgh, Fort 
Wayne & Chicago Railroad. Other engi- 
neering experiences followed this, the last 
of which was on the Pittsburgh division 
of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. It 
was not in the spirit of that particular 
time, nor in the disposition of this young 
American, not to broaden out and de- 
velop his business career undulatings in 
a new though allied field to that of rail- 
roading and in 1858 he embarked in the 
manufacture of coke, near Layton, and 
was engaged in the successful develop- 
ment of his interests there when he was 
called to the service of his country by the 
breaking out of the Civil War and en- 
listed in the City Guards, a company or- 
ganized in Pittsburgh of which he was 
second and then first lieutenant. 

He assisted in the organization of the 
63rd Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers 
(infantry), mustered into service August 
I, 1861. of which he was lieutenant-colo- 
nel and later promoted to be colonel. He 
saw much active service, and on May 31, 
1862, was severely wounded at the battle 
of Fair Oaks. In 1863 because of his 
wound not permitting him to rejoin the 
army, he was appointed ordnance store- 
keeper and paymaster in the United 
States army, and was stationed at Alle- 
gheny Arsenal, a position which he re- 
tained until 1893, when he resigned. 

During these years, as senior member 
of the firm of Morgan & Company, Colo- 



nel Morgan devoted much of his time to 
the development of the cokemaking in- 
dustry, a business in which he was the 
foremost pioneer in western Pennsyl- 
vania. His later years were given up 
to the development of banking interests, 
and he became one of the founders of the 
Pennsylvania National Bank in 1890, its 
first president, and the organizer and 
president of the Pennsylvania Savings 
Bank. Colonel Morgan retired from 
business life in 1907. A charter member 
of Duquesne Post, No. 259, Grand Army 
of the Republic, and past commander in 
1882 and 1883, he ever retained a deep 
interest in the men with whom he had 
fought in the Civil War. Distinguished 
for bravery as a soldier and a leader as 
well as a commander of soldiers he car- 
ried the same qualities into a successful 
business career, during which he aided 
the development of the industrial inter- 
ests of Pittsburgh and ever stood for the 
highest principles of justice and honor. 

Colonel Morgan's first marriage was to 
Clara Bascom Bell, daughter of William 
M. Bell, of Allegheny, on February 28, 
1867, and their children were Clara Bell, 
wife of Joseph B. Shea, Julia Beach, wife 
of William Henry Singer, William Bell, 
deceased, and George Norris Morgan. 
His first wife died in 1886. His second 
marriage was with Eliza R. Miles, March 
19, 1889, whose death on October 22, 
1912, he only survived a little more than a 
year, passing away on March 10, 1914. 

Singularly happy in all his domestic re- 
lations. Colonel Morgan, was essentially 
a home loving man, notwithstanding his 
keen, active interest in the affairs of the 
world. A brave soldier and offlcer, he 
commanded the respect and affection of 
his men in his regiment, just as he com- 
manded confidence and regard in business 
transactions. Perhaps his most dominant 
characteristic was his mental poise and 
cool judgment, and though slow at work- 
596 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ing out his conclusions, he was accurate 
and just, and seldom was his judgment at 
fault. In personal appearance he was 
marked by distinction and soldierly bear- 
ing, his manner was reserved yet genial. 
Always a noticeable looking man, in his 
later years he was a striking figure, and 
his snow white hair, clear complexion, 
keen blue eyes and erect carriage formed 
a picture of beautiful old age. 



MOORE, Delano Riddle, 

Enterprising Business Man. 

The majority of the business men of 
Pennsylvania have ever been of that alert, 
energetic, progressive type to whom ob- 
stacles are but an impetus, and during 
the latter decades of the nineteenth cen- 
tury there could be found throughout the 
length and breadth of the state no more 
perfect specimen of the type than the late 
Delano Riddle Moore, of Altoona, long 
a recognized authority in the lumber busi- 
ness. Mr. Moore, during his almost life- 
long residence in Altoona, was ever ready 
to do all in his power to advance the best 
interests of his home town. 

John Moore, grandfather of Delano 
Riddle Moore, was of Leinster county. 
Ireland, and was forced by political trou- 
ble to leave his native country and take 
refuge in the United States, landing at 
Alexandria (Virginia). He was a mem- 
ber of the Presbyterian church. He was 
accompanied to this country by his three 
children: Robert; Johnston, mentioned 
below ; and Ann. 

Johnston Moore, son of John Moore, 
was a farmer in Morrison's Cove, Blair 
county, Pennsylvania. He married Maria 
Jane Wilson. Their children were: Itha- 
mar, died in 1905 ; Theodosia. married 
Thomas B. Delo, of Elmira, New York, 
and died, leaving two children, Roy B. 
and Johnston Moore, a physician, of Phil- 
adelphia; Cassandra, married James P. 
Stewart, now deceased, banker and pro- 



thonotary, of lioUidaysburg, later a resi- 
dent of Webb City ; Delano Riddle, men- 
tioned below ; Charles W., a business man 
of Altoona, married Mary Aiken, of Mel- 
roy, Pennsylvania, and died November 5, 
1914; Samuel T., of Harrisburg, chief 
forester of Pennsylvania, married Anna 
Swartz and has two children, Erma and 
^lary. 

Delano Riddle Moore, son of Johnston 
and Maria Jane (Wilson) Moore, was 
born March 14. 1843, at Morrison's Cove, 
near Williamsburg, Pennsylvania. He 
received his primary education in the 
public schools of Altoona, afterward at- 
tending the State College. His inclina- 
tions were for mercantile life and at the 
age of sixteen he went to Altoona and 
there entered upon the career which was 
to bring him not only pecuniary profit 
but a most enviable reputation. In asso- 
ciation with his brother Ithamar he es- 
tablished the lumber business which he 
conducted to the close of his life. Under 
his capable management the concern 
gradually enlarged the scope of its trans- 
actions, eventually operating five mills in 
Cambria county. Mr. Moore was the 
owner of extensive lumber and coal lands 
and devoted all the energies of his vigor- 
ous and well balanced mind to the guid- 
ance and control of the great enterprise 
which owed its success and magnitude 
chiefly to his aggressive boldness and 
wise conservatism. 

As a citizen with exalted ideals of good 
government and civic virtue Mr. Moore 
stood in the front rank. His political 
affiliations were with the Republicans, 
but he never took an active part in the 
afifairs of the organization, matters of 
business engrossing his entire time and 
office-seeking being foreign to his nature. 
He was ever ready to do all that lay in 
his power for the betterment of condi- 
tions in his community and his charities 
were numerous but invariably bestowed 
597 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



in the quietest manner possible. He was 
a member of the First Presbyterian 
Church. 

In early manhood Mr. Moore, like so 
many other young men of his generation, 
abandoned business pursuits in order to 
respond to the call to arms and enlisted 
in the Union army, but conditions frus- 
trated his intention of going to the front. 

The personality of Mr. Moore was that 
of a genial, kindly, warm-hearted, thor- 
oughly well balanced man, of strong 
mental endowments and exceptional ca- 
pacity for judging the motives and merits 
of men. He was of medium height and 
stout figure, but alert and active in his 
movements, always preserving his youth- 
ful energy. His hair and whiskers were 
light and his well moulded features were 
expressive of his dominant traits of char- 
acter. His eyes, piercingly keen, held in 
their depths a humorous gleam which 
told of the fund of dry humor for which 
he was noted and which was one of his 
most attractive qualities. His business 
transactions were conducted in accord- 
ance with the highest principles and he 
was widely beloved, numbering friends in 
all classes of the community, and, it 
might be added, among the noblest of 
the brute creation, for he delighted in 
dogs and horses and they returned his 
affection. 

Mr. Moore married, December 7, 1864, 
at Altoona, Emma L., daughter of Judge 
Benjamin Franklin and Eliza (Addle- 
man) Patton. The following children 
were born to Mr. and Mrs. Moore: Cora 
Estella, who died in infancy ; Helen, wife 
of David Frank Gibson Crawford, of 
Pittsburgh, general superintendent of 
motive power of Pennsylvania railroad 
line west ; Marie Jessie, wife of Roland 
Eldridge Hoopes, freight and passenger 
agent at Denora, Pennsylvania. By his 
marriage Mr. Moore gained the life com- 
panionship of a charm ine and congenial 



woman, a true helpmate for one the gov- 
erning motive of whose life was love for 
wife and children and who delighted in 
the exercise of hospitality. Mrs. Moore, 
in her widowhood, resides in Pittsburgh, 
where she takes an active part in charit- 
able work, from time to time seeking en- 
joyment and recuperation in travel. 

When scarcely past the prime of life 
Mr. Moore closed his honorable and use- 
ful career, passing away March 9, 1904. 
leaving a record strikingly illustrative of 
the essential principles of a true life, a 
solid, simple, strong and serviceable life, 
the life of a noble and upright man who 
fulfilled to the letter every trust commit- 
ted to him and was generous in his feel- 
ings and conduct toward all. The lum- 
ber trade of Pennsylvania constitutes one 
of her chief sources of revenue and forms 
an integral part of her commercial great- 
ness. It has been made what it is by such 
men as Delano Riddle Moore. 



PATTON, Benjamin Franklin, 

Lawyer, Honored Jurist. 

The judges of the courts of Pennsyl- 
vania have ever been men of fine talents 
and unblemished character, noted for 
their rigid impartiality in the adminis- 
tration of justice and for their unflinch- 
ing loyalty to duty. In this noble group 
of old-time jurists none stood higher than 
the late Judge Benjamin Franklin Pat- 
ton, of Altoona, Pennsylvania. Judge 
Patton came of old colonial and Revolu- 
tionary stock, both his parents having 
been members of families distinguished 
in the annals of the Keystone State. 

John Patton, founder of that branch 
of the race of which Benjamin Franklin 
Patton was a scion, was born in the north 
of Ireland, and came of Covenanter 
stock. In the early part of the eighteenth 
century he emigrated to the province of 
Pennsylvania, settling in Cumberland 
county, and in 1735 taking up a tract of 



f598 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



land. He married Susanna Tussey, and 
their children were : William, mentioned 
below ; Mary ; and Benjamin, who settled 
in North Carolina, and was a member of 
the convention that passed the famous 
"Mecklenberg Declaration." John Pat- 
ton died in June, 1767, at his home in 
Cumberland county. 

William, son of John and Susanna 
(Tussey) Patton, was born in 1730, in 
the North of Ireland, and was a young 
child when brought by his parents to 
Pennsylvania. He led a life of pioneer 
hardship and adventure, being once 
obliged to flee from his home in conse- 
quence of an Indian raid and take refuge 
with his family in Carlisle. He married, 
August 5, 1754, Elizabeth Moore, born 
in 1732, and the following were their chil- 
dren : Mary ; John, mentioned below ; 
Elizabeth; James; Letty; Benjamin, died 
in infancy; and Benjamin (2) and Joseph, 
twins. Joseph, in 1801 and 1805, was 
coimty commissioner of Huntingdon 
county, Pennsylvania. William Patton 
died March 23, 1777, and his widow sur- 
vived him many years, passing away, 
June II, 1819. 

John, son of William and Elizabeth 
(Moore) Patton, was born December 25, 
1757, in Cumberland (now Franklin) 
county, Pennsylvania, and early in life 
took up a tract of land in the Woodcock 
valley, near McConnellstown, and there 
made his home during the greater part of 
his remaining years. During the Revo- 
lution he was one of the Cumberland 
County Associators and saw active ser- 
vice in defending the frontier from in- 
vasion by the British and Indians from 
New York. He enlisted in the Continen- 
tal army as a private and between 1778 
and 1782 served as lieutenant of the 
county militia. Between 1788 and 1821 
he served nine terms as sheriff of Hunt- 
ingdon county, having four successive 
yearly appointments and five elective 



terms. In 183 1 he was engaged in the 
construction of the Pennsylvania canal. 
His religious affiliations were with the 
Presbyterian church. Lieutenant Patton 
married, April 16, 1801, Rebecca Simp- 
son, whose ancestral record is appended 
to this sketch, and their children were: 
Margaret Murray ; William Moore ; John 
Simpson; Elizabeth and James, twins; 
Joseph ; Benjamin Franklin, mentioned 
below ; George ; and Rebecca Simp- 
son. Lieutenant Patton died May 23, 
1836. on the home farm in Woodcock 
valley, Huntingdon county. He was an 
efficient and at the same time a popular 
official and presented a striking appear- 
ance in the picturesque costume of the 
Revolutionary period, 

Benjamin Franklin Patton, son of John 
and Rebecca (Simpson) Patton, was born 
November 26, 1812, and early elected to 
follow a business career. His success 
soon made it apparent that his talents 
were such as fitted him in an exceptional 
degree for the calling to which his in- 
clinations drew him, and he became the 
leading merchant of Warriors Mark, 
Huntingdon county. As a business man 
he was in many respects a model. Suc- 
cess was, of course, the goal of his am- 
bition, but, like the high-minded man 
that he was, he scorned all success which 
had not for its basis truth and honor. A 
just and kind employer, he won from his 
subordinates the devoted attachment and 
loyal co-operation which his attitude to- 
ward them richly merited. 

In the sphere of politics Mr. Patton 
played an active part, always acquitting 
himself in such a manner as to command 
the respect and admiration of his fellow 
citizens. Zeal for the public good was 
his governing motive, and his neighbors 
showed their appreciation of this by mak- 
ing him justice of the peace. He was also 
elected sheriff of the county and filled the 
office with no less acceptance than his 



1599 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



father had done. In 1856 he was elevated 
to the bench as associate judge, and in 
1861 re-elected. This was the crowning 
honor of his life and the efficiency and 
strict adherence to principle in the dis- 
charge of the important duties to which 
he was called showed him to be in the 
highest degree worthy of it. 

Judge Patton was a man of noble mien 
and dignified and gracious manners. His 
features bore the imprint of the sound 
judgment and alert energy which made 
him a widely known and successful busi- 
ness man. His eyes, with all their keen- 
ness, had the intensely reflective look of 
the jurist who has been accustomed to 
study and ponder the most intricate 
problems of law and the whole counte- 
nance had an aspect of deep thoughtful- 
ness softened by the large benevolence 
which was so marked a feature of his 
character. He was a true and kindly 
gentleman and an upright, courageous 
man. 

Judge Patton married, January 23, 
1836, Eliza, daughter of John and Sarah 
(Ganoe) Addleman, and among their 
eight children was Emma L., now the 
widow of Delano Riddle Moore, a bi- 
ography of 'whom appears elsewhere in 
this work. Peculiarly happy in his do- 
mestic relations, Judge Patton was a man 
to whom the ties of family and friend- 
ship were sacred. He loved his home 
and all who were ever privileged to be his 
g-uests could testify that he was a de- 
lightful host. His conversational powers 
were remarkable and his fund of infor- 
mation unusually comprehensive, the re- 
sult of his long and close contact with 
prominent men of all professions and call- 
ings. 

In 1867 Judge Patton removed to Al- 
toona, and there made his home during 
the remainder of his life, honored as he 
deserved to be. On July 6, 1885, he passed 
away, leaving the record of a well-spent 



life, a life of worthy achievement, that of 
an honorable merchant and an upright 
judge, "a man who kept his word abso- 
lutely." 

Benjamin Franklin Patton was one of 
the last surviving jurists of a former gen- 
eration. Truly could it be said: "Never 
was there a judge who preserved more 
inviolably the sanctities of his high office 
and kept the ermine purer and more un- 
sullied than did this noble magistrate of 
the old Commonwealth." 

John Simpson, father of Mrs. Rebecca 
(.Simpson) Patton, was born in 1744, and 
during the Revolutionary War served 
with the rank of second lieutenant in a 
company of Pennsylvania militia com- 
manded by Captain James Murray. Lieu- 
tenant Simpson married Margaret Mur- 
ray (see below) and his death occurred 
in 1S07. Their daughter Rebecca, born 
April 8, 1777, became the wife of John 
Patton and died October 13, 1S45. 

John Murray, founder of the American 
branch of the family, came from Scotland 
in 173J and settled in Pennsylvania. He 
was accompanied by his two sons : Wil- 
liam, mentioned below ; and John. 

William, son of John Murray, set- 
tled on the Swartara, in Pennsylvania. 
Among his children was James, men- 
tioned below. 

James, son of William jNIurray, was 
born in 1729, presumably in Scotland, and 
in the first year of the Revolutionary War 
was a member of the Committee of Ob- 
servation of Lancaster county, Pennsyl- 
vania, subsequently serving in the Con- 
tinental army with the rank of captain. 
He participated in the battles of Trenton 
and Princeton. Captain Murray owned a 
farm in Dauphin county and in 1768 en- 
tered an application for more in the Land 
Office. He represented Paxtang town- 
ship on the Committee of Safety. Cap- 
tain Murray married Rebecca McLean 
and their daughter Margaret became the 
600 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



wife of John Simpson (see Simpson rec- 
ord). Captain Murray died in 1804. 

It is interesting to note that among the 
descendants of John Murray, the immi- 
grant, was Lindley Murray, famous as 
the author of "Murray's Grammar." 



STEWART, Henry S. Atwood, 

Financier, Public-spirited Citixen. 

Pittsburgh, like every other great city, 
places her main reliance for power and 
prosperity on the strength of her financial 
institutions — and not in vain. They are, 
indeed, her Gibraltar, fortified and con- 
trolled as they are by men of sterling 
worth, men of the type of Henry S. At- 
wood Stewart, vice-president and direc- 
tor of the Fidelity Title and Trust Com- 
pany, and officially connected with other 
leading monetary institutions and with 
great manufacturing concerns. For more 
than forty-five years Mr. Stewart has 
been prominently identified not only with 
the business interests of Pittsburgh but 
with all the elements essential to her 
existence as a powerful municipality. 

Henry S. Atwood Stewart was born 
December 5, 1846, in Steubenville, Ohio, 
and is a son of William and Eliza (Glenn) 
Stewart. A sketch of William Stewart, 
with a history of the Stewart family, ap- 
pears elsewhere in this work; also a 
sketch of his son, David Glenn Stewart. 
Henry S. Atwood Stewart was educated 
in public schools of Steubenville and 
Gambler, Ohio, and began his business 
career at McConnellsville, Pennsylvania, 
in association with the oil industry, then 
in its infancy. This was about 1858-60, 
and at the end of the two years he became 
freight bookkeeper for the Pan Handle 
Railroad, looking after the freight agents 
between Pittsburgh and Columbus, Ohio. 
Before taking this position he had made 
his first essay as a Pittsburgh business 
man by serving as clerk for a coal com- 
pany in that city. 



It was there that he first became, in 
1867, an independent manufacturer, own- 
ing and operating, in connection with his 
father, a small refinery on Thirty-third 
street, the business being in the name of 
H. S. A. Stewart. There, until 1874, he 
engaged in the manufacture of burning 
and lubricating oil and then sold out to 
the Standard Oil Company. For ten 
years thereafter he remained with this 
famous concern, looking after their re- 
fineries in Pittsburgh, developing those 
executive abilities and gaining that ripe 
experience which have made him a force- 
ful factor in the business world. He next 
turned his attention to real estate, becom- 
ing an extremely successful operator and 
developing, by building and in similar 
ways, Negley avenue, Stanton avenue. 
Hays street and other portions of the 
East End. For about sixteen or eighteen 
years he was engaged in this manner and 
during that time did much to improve 
with handsome residences this part of the 
city. 

At the present time Mr. Stewart de- 
votes the greater portion of his attention 
to the care of his own extensive private 
interests, being prominently associated, 
however, with various large financial in- 
stitutions. He was one of the original 
subscribers to incorporate the Fidelity 
Title and Trust Company, and when it 
was incorporated, on November 2"], 1886, 
he was elected one of its first directors, 
and has been a director continuously ever 
since. In 1904 he became one of its vice- 
presidents. He is also a director and 
member of the executive committee of 
the Crucible Steel Company, vice-presi- 
dent and director of the Western Insur- 
ance Company, director of the People's 
National Bank and the Union Fidelity 
Title Insurance Company and trustee of 
the C. L. Magee estate, and the Elizabeth 
Steel Magee Hospital. He has been at 
different times financially connected with 



1601 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



many Pittsburgh concerns, both in the 
oil business and along manufacturing 
lines. In all business transactions he is 
characterized by quick appreciation, 
prompt decision and the courage to ven- 
ture where favorable opportunity is pres- 
ent — a combination of qualities which in- 
sures the realization of hopes and the 
consummation of enterprises. 

Public-spirited and possessed of rare 
rapidity of judgment, Mr. Stewart has 
been able, in the midst of incessant busi- 
ness activity, to give to city affairs valu- 
able effort and notably was this the case 
at the time when he was a member of 
the old Fourth Ward school board, serv- 
ing also on the financial committee, the 
other members being James M. Bailey 
and Dr. Charles Shaw, both now de- 
ceased. Mr. Stewart was active in the 
building of the North school at Eighth 
street and Duquesne Way, and so ad- 
vantageously did the financial committee 
dispose of the old school property, situ- 
ated where Joseph Home's store now 
stands, that it was not necessary to levy 
a tax to erect the new school building, 
and after the completion of the structure 
a sum remained sufficient to defray its 
expenses for several years — a thing un- 
precedented in Pittsburgh school annals 
and largely due to the public-spirited 
efforts of Henry S. Atwood Stewart. 

In politics Mr. Stewart is a Republican 
and has occupied a seat in the select 
council, the only office he ever consented 
to hold with the exception of that of 
member of the school board. No good 
work done in the name of charity or re- 
ligion appeals to him in vain. He belongs 
to the Duquesne Club (of which he was 
for two years president), the University 
Club, the Pittsburgh Golf Club, the Pitts- 
burgh Athletic Association, and many 
other similar organizations, both in Pitts- 
burgh and elsewhere. He attends the 
Presbyterian Church. 



The impression conveyed by Mr. Stew- 
art's personality is that of a broad-minded 
man of much quiet force, a progressive 
man accustomed to exerting a strong in- 
fluence in business circles. Of average 
height, and florid complexion, his head 
crowned with snow-white hair and his 
face lighted by grey eyes which, with all 
their keenness, are yet most kindly in ex- 
pression, and in manner always genial 
and courteous, he wins friends in all 
grades of society. A man of cultivated 
tastes and liberal views, he advocates 
progressive interests with a ready recog- 
nition of his duties and obligations to his 
fellowmen. 

Mr. Stewart married, December 4. 1888, 
Annie E., daughter of William H. and 
Annie Armstrong, of Williamsport, Penn- 
sylvania, where Mr. Armstrong was en- 
gaged in the practice of law. Mr. and 
Mrs. Stewart became the parents of one 
child : Henry S. Atwood Stewart Jr., 
born May, 1890, and educated by tutors 
and in private schools. Mrs. Stewart, 
who passed away January 11, 1904, was a 
woman of fine fibre and delicate culture, 
invested with the charm of domesticity 
and presiding with innate grace over the 
beautiful home in the East End which 
was a centre of hospitality. 

Few men, throughout the entire course 
of their business careers, have touched 
life at as many points as Mr. Stewart, 
and still fewer have been so uniformly 
successful. Public-spirited in all things, 
he has caused the fruition of his labors 
to benefit not himself alone, but also the 
city with which they have all been identi- 
fied. Nor has it been in material pros- 
perity only that he has rendered Pitts- 
burgh stronger and more opulent. By 
his efforts in behalf of her school system 
he has helped to lay the best foundation 
for the making of good citizens. The 
man who does this deserves to be held 
602 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



in lasting honor and Pittsburgh will not 
show herself ungrateful to Henry S. At- 
wood Stewart. 



SEMPLE, John, M. D., 

Physician, Public-Spirited Citizen. 

In recalling the names of the eminent 
physicians and surgeons of Western 
Pennsylvania who have now passed into 
history, that of Dr. John Semple imme- 
diately recurs to the mind and rises to 
the lips of all those familiar with the 
medical annals of that portion of the 
State during the latter half of the nine- 
teenth century. For more than fifty years 
this distinguished physician and noble 
man was identitied with Wilkinsburg, not 
only standing foremost in the ranks of 
the medical profession, but taking a great 
and beneficial interest in all that made 
for her best welfare and her truest prog- 
ress. 

James Semple, grandfather of John 
Semple, was born March 9, 1756, in Cum- 
berland county, Pennsylvania, and dur- 
ing his youth lived for a time in Mary- 
land. While still very young he returned 
to Pennsylvania, taking up his abode in 
his old county. During the Revolution- 
ary War he served as captain in the Sixth 
Company, Third Battalion of Cumber- 
land County, Pennsylvania Militia. On 
the return of peace he removed to Alle- 
gheny county, where he took up a tract 
of land, on a portion of which Millvale 
now stands. At his death the estate was 
divided among his sons, and a portion of 
it consisting of four hundred acres, at 
Pine Creek, now Wildwood, is still in the 
possession of the Semple family. In Alle- 
gheny county James Semple was a leader 
in public affairs, and was the second 
sherifif ever elected in that county. His 
calling in life was that of a farmer, and 
his industry resulted in the acquisition 
of a considerable fortune. Mr. Semple 
married Christina Taggart, born May 12, 



1755, and their children were: Mary, 
James, John, Thomas; Robert Anderson, 
mentioned below; Samuel, Eliza, and 
William. The mother of the family died 
November 10, 1829, and the father sur- 
vived her but one year, passing away No- 
vember 13, 1830. 

Robert Anderson, son of James and 
Christina (Taggart) Semple, was born 
December 10, 1793, on the homestead at 
Gertys Run, now a part of Pittsburgh. 
Like his father, he was a successful agri- 
culturist. He married Mary Simpson, 
and ihe following children were born to 
them: James, married Jane Ross; John, 
mentioned below ; William, died at the 
age of twenty-two years; David, died 
in childhood ; Eliza, married William 
Hutchinson; Mary; Sarah, married Rob- 
ert Ferguson ; Robert, married Hannah 
Myers ; and Silas, married Eliza J. Stew- 
ard. Robert Anderson Semple died Oc- 
tober 7, 1886, the death of his wife occur- 
ring July 12, 1885. 

Dr. John Semple, son of Robert Ander- 
son and Mary (Simpson) Semple, was 
born February 16, 1822, on the homestead 
at Wildwood, and his preliminary educa- 
tion was received from his grandfather. 
Later he attended the college at Canons- 
burg, Pennsylvania, graduating with 
honor from this institution. Deciding to 
devote himself to the profession of medi- 
cine, he began his studies under the pre- 
ceptorship of Drs. Brooks and Spear, sub- 
sequently entering Jefferson Medical Col- 
lege, Philadelphia, and in 1848 receiving 
from that institution the degree of Doc- 
tor of Medicine. Immediately thereafter 
Dr. Semple entered upon a career of 
active practice in Ebensburg, Cambria 
county, Pennsylvania, but at the end of 
one year was summoned to Wilkinsburg 
to take charge of the clientele of Dr. 
James Crothers. For the remainder of 
his long and useful life this was his home 
town, and he rapidly developed that ex- 



1603 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



traordinary ability which gave him a repu- 
tation not merely local but extending 
throughout Western Pennsylvania. The 
highest tribute to the character of Dr. 
Semple, both as a physician and a man, 
is found in the enthusiastic devotion 
which his patients evinced toward him. 
He was not the family physician alone ; 
he was also the family friend, ministering 
to three generations of the most distin- 
guished residents of the city. In his lat- 
ter weeks, when not strong enough to 
leave his home, his patients insisted upon 
visiting him there. He was the medical 
adviser and also the warm personal friend 
of Andrew Carnegie. Dr. Semple was a 
member of the American Medical Asso- 
ciation, the State Medical Association 
and the Bedford Medical Association. 
For the last-named organization he wrote 
many noteworthy papers, making a spe- 
cialty of subjects having a bearing upon 
botany. 

While never allowing anything to inter- 
fere with the discharge of his professional 
duties, Dr. Semple ever manifested an 
active and helpful interest in all matters 
pertaining to the betterment of conditions 
in his home city. He bestowed special 
attention upon the cause of education, 
greatly to the benefit of the school sys- 
tem, and one of the public schools of 
Wilkinsburg was named in his honor. In 
politics he was an ardent and active Re- 
publican, serving from 1888 to 1890 as 
burgess of Wilkinsburg. The philan- 
thropic institutions of the city received 
from him liberal aid and encouragement, 
but so unostentatious were his many acts 
of private charity that a number of them 
were discovered only after he had ceased 
from earth. He was prominent in the 
Masonic fraternity, and was one of the 
charter members of the First Presby- 
terian Church of Wilkinsburg, generously 
contributing to its work and support and 
until his death holding- the ofifice of elder. 



Strong mental endowments and strict 
adherence to the loftiest standards of 
right and duty were combined in the char- 
acter of Dr. Semple with unbounded kind- 
ness of heart and an exceptionally mag- 
netic personality. He was of medium 
height and rather massive proportions, 
having a noble head crowned with snowy 
hair, a white moustache imparting an air 
of singular distinction to strong, clear- 
cut and refined features. The calm, 
searching, steady but infinitely benevo- 
lent gray eyes told their own story of 
thought, experience and accomplishment. 
It was a delight to know him and a joy 
to meet him and no man ever felt or in- 
spired more ardent and lasting friendship. 

Dr. Semple married (first) March 20, 
1848, Isabella, daughter of William T. 
and Margaret (Russell) Smith, from the 
neighborhood of Glasgow, Scotland. On 
coming to the United States they settled 
first in Ligonier, Pennsylvania, where 
Mr. Smith engaged in farming, later re- 
moving to Pittsburgh. Dr. and INIrs. 
Semple were the parents of one child: 
Mary I. R. Semple, who now resides in 
the old family mansion and is the centre 
of a group of warmly attached friends. 
On March 22, 1852, Mrs. Semple passed 
away, and Dr. Semple married (second) 
June 8, 1854, Nancy, daughter of Edward 
Thompson, of Wilkinsburg. The only 
child of this marriage was another daugh- 
ter: Margaret Jane Semple, who became 
the wife of Maurice Scott, and died Janu- 
ary 23, 1885, leaving one son, John 
Semple Scott. In compliance with a wish 
of Dr. Semple, who earnestly desired that 
the family name should not become ex- 
tinct in his own line of succession, appli- 
cation was made to the legislature to 
have the boy's name changed to John 
Scott Semple. Mrs. Semple died January 
26, 1895. 

John Scott Semple was born December 
8, 1879, and received his early education 
604 




"LrZ-^C 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



in Pittsburgh schools, passing thence to 
St. John's Military Academy and gradu- 
ating from that institution. He is now 
the owner of a plantation in Florida. Mr. 
Semple married. May i, 1901, Marguerite 
O. Downing, of Eastern Pennsylvania, 
and they are the parents of three chil- 
dren: Mary Margaret, born January 16, 
1905; John Semple, born June 27, 191 1; 
and Robert Downing, born October 11, 
1912. 

The home of Dr. Semple was a spaci- 
ous and attractive house erected by him- 
self on Penn avenue, and there he had his 
offices to the close of his life. He was 
essentially a home-lover, and delighted 
in the exercise of hospitality. A great 
lover of animals, he always had about his 
dwelling a number of pets, notable among 
them being a macaw which attained to 
the age of twenty-six years. Much of 
Dr. Semple's leisure time was devoted to 
the study of botany and horticulture and 
in these branches of research he was a 
recognized authority. 

On October 9, 1901. this gifted and lov- 
able man passed away, "full of years and 
of honors." He was one of the oldest 
and most eminent physicians of Western 
Pennsylvania and a leader in all that 
made for the best in his community. The 
memory of a man like Dr. John Semple 
is imperishable. It lives not only by rea- 
son of great attainments and valuable 
services but by the ever-living force of 
a most noble and endearing personality. 
Eminent in his Drofession he was and in its 
annals his name is enduringly inscribed, 
but in the hearts of those who knew him 
and in the hearts of their children and 
their children's children it will continue 
to live as that of a "man greatly beloved." 



MILLER, Zachariah Taylor, 

Homoeopatliic Physician and Anthor. 

The long roll of those that have won 
fame and honor for conspicuous service 

I 



to humanity in the Homoeopathic School 
of Medicine in Pennsylvania, bears per- 
haps no name more brilliant than that of 
Zachariah Taylor Miller. 

Endowed with a mind of unusual 
strength and clearness and a character of 
unwavering fixity of purpose, he early 
won to the commanding position as a 
leader in his profession, which he main- 
tained until his death. His work as a 
doctor and his writings on medical and 
scientific subjects brought him wide rec- 
ognition, and his personal charm and 
broad catholicity of tastes gained him 
many warm friendships with men promi- 
nent in varied fields of endeavor. 

A doctor of notable ability, a writer 
whose polemics won respect even from 
his bitterest opponents, and whose fic- 
tion and verse charmed all who read, a 
painter of no mean powers, an accom- 
plished musician, a recognized critic and 
connoisseur in all that pertained to music, 
£irt and literature, a conversationalist 
whose well formed ideas and keen clear 
opinions, tinged with a subtle cynicism 
all his own, delighted all who met him, 
kindly, genial, afifectionate — such was Dr. 
Miller. And when from the midst of his 
busy work, in the prime of his life with 
his powers unimpaired, he went to that 
"bourne whence no traveller returns," he 
left a great void. 

Dr. Miller was born November 17, 1847, 
the seventh child in a family of twelve. 
He was the son of William and Ann 
(Cline) Miller; at the time of his birth 
his father owned a small tobacco farm 
and country store near the little town of 
Mason, Ohio, not far from Cincinnati. 
For three years he attended the country 
schools of Mason, and the common 
schools of Miamisburg, Ohio, where the 
family afterward made their home. He 
was destined however to receive scant 
schooling, for at the age of fourteen the 
outbreak of the Civil War so seriously 
605 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



alifected the finances of the family that it 
became necessary for him to seek some 
means of supporting himself. He worked 
for a few months on a farm, and then in 
response to the call for troops, enlisted 
as a musician in Company B of the Sixty- 
first Regiment Ohio Volunteers. He 
served but a short time with his com- 
pany, however, being, through the inter- 
est of his commanding ofificer, detailed to 
act as a clerk to Captain Edward Robin- 
son, of the staff of General Carl Schurz, 
in which capacity he served through the 
greater part of the term of his enlistment. 
After his discharge he acted as civilian 
clerk at the quartermaster's office in At- 
lanta until the close of the war. Through 
the nearly four years of his service he 
saw many of the stirring events that 
marked the progress of the great conflict. 
His diary, which was as much a record of 
the boy's development to manhood as a 
journal of the war, tells of the battle of 
Bull Run, the battles and skirmishes of 
Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge, 
of Gettysburg, of the fall of Atlanta, and 
the beginning of the famous March to the 
Sea. 

The experience and training gained 
during his service were of the utmost im- 
portance to the development of his mind. 
When he enlisted he was a callow boy of 
fourteen, with the rudiments of a coun- 
try school education. When he returned 
home, though only eighteen years of age, 
he was a man with a well developed mind 
and firmly defined character. The con- 
tact with the men who were guiding the 
destinies of a great army, who were 
carrying out no inconsiderable part of the 
work of ending the rebellion, enlarged his 
vision, developed the feeling of responsi- 
bility, and established within him an am- 
bition to accomplish something for him- 
self in the world's work. 

Upon his release from duty, he returned 
home and for a time worked on his 



father's farm. While so occupied, he de- 
voted his evenings and spare time to the 
study of telegraphy, and as soon as he 
had become proficient, secured a position 
as telegrapher at Miamisburg, later shift- 
ing to the growing city of Dayton, where 
he was employed for several years. It 
was during his residence in the latter 
place that he first came in contact with 
the most potent influence of his life. 
While on a visit to some relatives, he 
met and fell in love with a fourth cousin, 
Katherine Keziah King. She was a 
daughter of Benjamin King, a manufac- 
turer and bridge builder of Tippecanoe, 
Ohio, and Julia Ann (Bolanderj King. 
Like Dr. Miller, she was of German ex- 
traction, of hardy stock, and possessed 
many charms of mind and character. 
Their mutual interest deepened into a 
profound attachment, and on June ii, 
1872, they were married at Troy, Ohio. 
Mrs. Miller had received a thorough edu- 
cation which she supplemented after her 
marriage with a short course in a normal 
school. She was fitted in many ways to 
enter into and to share the activities of 
her husband's life, and was able to give 
him a companionship that meant much in 
encouragement through the difficulties of 
his career. 

After his marriage he continued for a 
time at his telegraph key in Dayton, later 
removing to Cleveland. While in the 
Cleveland telegraph office a very serious 
error was made by a fellow employee, for 
which he was compelled to take the 
blame, though he was in no way respon- 
sible. He promptly resigned and re- 
moved to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 
where he secured a position as night oper- 
ator in the Western Union Company. 
Rut his experience in Cleveland had been 
very distasteful, and he determined that 
he would become his own master as soon 
as possible. He continued to work as a 
telegrapher, but with the sole objec*; of 
606 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



saving enough to get the training neces- 
sary for the practice of medicine. His 
wife taught school in the old city of Alle- 
gheny, with the same object in view and 
together they worked, he at the key — she 
at school during the day, both doing pre- 
paratory dissecting in the evening for 
several years, until the goal was almost 
reached. His plans were perfected, all 
arrangements made, when the bank which 
they had entrusted with their savings 
failed, and the results of their years of 
labor and self-denial were swept away. 
Such a blow would have broken the spirit 
of many a man, but Dr. Miller and his 
wife wasted no time in idle regrets. They 
commenced over again and he was soon 
able to leave his instrument and carry out 
his ambition of going to a medical school. 
He chose homoeopathy because he was 
convinced of the justice of its claims as 
an exact science. The Hahnemannian 
principles appealed to him as eminently 
rational. An early experience at the 
hands of a homceopathician had demon- 
strated to him the efficacy of the treat- 
ment, and his own studies and investiga- 
tions confirmed him in his choice. He 
pursued his studies for four years, first at 
the New York Medical College, and later 
at the Hahnemann Medical College of 
Philadelphia, where he was graduated in 
the class of 1877. During the summer 
vacation and for some time after receiv- 
ing his degree as a doctor of medicine, he 
returned to the key, working as a night 
operator and spending his days in his 
office. As soon, however, as he succeed- 
ed in establishing a practice sufficient to 
support himself and his wife, he left his 
instrument and devoted his entire time to 
the practice and study of homceopathy. 
About this time he removed to the South 
Side, locating on Carson street, near the 
Jones & Laughlin Mills, in what was then 
known as Birmingham. 

As his practice prospered, Mrs. Miller 



gave up teaching, and turned her atten- 
tion to the making of a home. A house 
was built on Carson street, not far from 
their first location, that should serve as 
home and office, and here centered all the 
interests of his life. Here for twenty- 
eight years he practiced medicine, here 
his only child, a daughter, Louise Rive 
King, was born, and here first his wife, 
and four years later he himself, passed 
away. 

Mrs. Miller died December 30, 1909. of 
cedema of the lungs, which developed 
very rapidly after a severe cold. With 
the passing of his wife, Dr. Miller's inter- 
est in life waned. Though he continued 
his medical work until the end, he never 
ceased to mourn the loss of the one who 
had been the sole spur and inspiration of 
his career, and when his time came, it 
was with a feeling of relief that he wel- 
comed release from the sorrow that 
weighed so heavily on his spirit. Dr. 
Miller died very suddenly of an attack of 
angina pectoris, November 14, 1913, with- 
in three days of his sixty-sixth birthday. 

Though there were many interesting 
facets to the character and personality of 
Dr. Miller, the dominant interest of his 
life was homoeopathy. He devoted all 
the vitality and concentration of his 
vigorous mind to a study and to the 
propagation of its principles. lie was a 
"high potency" prescriber and clung so 
closely to the methods of the founder of 
homoeopathy, he came to be known as a 
"true Hahnemannian," and his reputation 
as an advisor and consultant gained him 
also the title of "the Doctor's Doctor," 
he was so frequently called in by his fel- 
low practitioners. For thirty-five years 
he served on the staff of the Pittsburgh 
Homoeopathic Hospital. His methods of 
diagnosis and the minute care he gave 
to the study and analysis of each case 
produced results which justly marked 
607 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



him as a doctor of exceptional ability and 
success. 

Pie had formed many firmly entrench- 
ed convictions on medical subjects as a 
result of his long years of study and ob- 
servation, some of which were greatly at 
variance with the ideas of the majority 
of his fellow practitioners. For these he 
contended with all the strength at his 
command and in their support contrib- 
uted articles and letters to the current 
medical journal, and read papers before 
the County, State and National Homoeo- 
pathic societies. His writings on such 
subjects were notable for their original- 
ity, both of subject and treatment and 
the strength of his own convictions gave 
an earnestness to his expressions that im- 
pressed his hearers and won him the repu- 
tation of a most careful observer and 
original thinker. 

Of his many points of variance with 
his time, he undoubtedly considered his 
stand on the question of vaccination as 
the most important. He was one of the 
earliest investigators to point out the dan- 
gers of the practice and the evil effects 
of its universal enforcement, and threw 
himself into the fight against compulsory 
vaccination with all his customary vigor 
and enthusiasm. He was firmly convinced 
that vaccination was the chief cause of 
the alarming growth and propagation of 
tuberculosis, the number of cases of 
which he saw in his own time increase 
by leaps and bounds. He was equally 
sure from the results of his own practice 
that as a prevention of smallpox it was 
ineffectual. He showed that modern and 
improved methods of sanitation, if uni- 
versally applied, would act as efficiently 
as any serum in the suppression of small- 
pox, without entailing the penalty of the 
diseases that the latter left in its train. 
In conjunction with a small group of 
physicians who agreed with him, he 
founded the Anti-Compulsory Vaccina- 



tion Society of Western Pennsylvania, of 
which until the time of his death he was 
president. He was also elected honor- 
ary vice-president of the national society 
as a recognition of his services to the 
cause of anti-compulsory vaccination in 
the State of Pennsylvania. 

Dr. Miller kept in close touch with the 
scientific movements and pioneer work 
of his time, being a close student of every 
new method or theory that was presented 
to his profession, but his coldly analytic 
mind rejected many of the vaunted "dis- 
coveries" of the day which afterwards 
failed to make good the claims of their 
discoverers. 

He maintained an active interest in the 
work of the medical societies, being 
throughout his practice a member of the 
Allegheny County Medical Society of the 
State Society, the American Institute of 
Homceopathy, of which he was past presi- 
dent and an honored senior, and the In- 
ternational Hahnemannian Society. In 
all of these organizations he held at vari- 
ous times the highest offices in their 
power to give. 

Through the years of his service to 
medicine his practice grew and his repu- 
tation spread until his patients were no 
longer confined to the vicinity of Pitts- 
burgh, but were scattered throughout the 
country, — they came or wrote to him over 
long distances. His first interest was the 
good of humanity and no doctor in Pitts- 
burgh carried more free patients or gave 
more of his time to charity than Dr. 
Miller. 

While devoting the major part of his 
time to his profession. Dr. Miller did not 
fail to keep in touch with his time in other 
matters. He was well informed on topics 
of general interest — politics, science, lit- 
erature and art all drew his attention, 
and he former clear, well-balanced opin- 
ions on such matters, which he expressed 
extremely well. He was a charming con- 
608 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



versationalist, clever, witty, of most 
cheerful humor and with a style of speech 
and thought that was most fascinating. 

He had many avocations to which he 
turned for rest and relaxation. His early 
love of music never faded, and he became 
proficient with several wind instruments. 
He had always taken a great interest in 
painting and counted among his friends 
a number of artists who had made their 
mark. His interest led him to attempt 
expression in color with a success that 
surprised no one more than himself. He 
painted during his spare time for many 
years and produced a number of can- 
vasses that were professional in spirit. 
In this as in other things Dr. Miller was 
confessedly an amateur, but the quality 
of his work indicated what might have 
resulted had he turned his undivided at- 
tention to its study. 

Perhaps his favorite amusement was 
writing. He wrote much verse, some fic- 
tion and an enormous number of papers 
on literary, scientific and political sub- 
jects. He was for many years a member 
of the Franklin Literary Society, and 
presented many papers at its weekly 
meetings. In addition to his many other 
activities, he held from the time of its 
founding, until his death the chair of 
artistic anatomy in the School of Applied 
Design at the Carnegie Institute of Tech- 
nology. He was, too, a member of the 
Union Veteran Legion. 

The year that marked Dr. Miller's 
death, robbed the two institutions he 
loved and served of their most devoted 
support. The deaths of Dr. McClelland, 
who passed away a few hours after Dr. 
Miller, and Dr. Gregg, who preceded him 
by but a few months, left the hospital 
bereft, and the passing of Dean Charles 
Hewlett, of Applied Design, who was 
buried the day of Dr. Miller's death, left 
a vacancy well nigh impossible to fill. 

The hospital in the memorial it held 



for its three good servants, paid Dr. Mil- 
ler an exquisitely appropriate tribute. 
But among the many tributes to his life 
and work, the editorial in the Pittsburgh 
"Gazette Times" has perhaps summed it 
up the best : 

Literally like a thief in the night, came the 
Man on a Pale Horse to that house on Carson 
street, and when he rode away he carried with 
him a physician and philosopher, a soldier and a 
gentleman — one who lived by the side of the 
road and found his life's mission in being a 
friend to man. It seems hardly possible that Dr. 
Miller will not again brighten the homes that 
have known him, the hospital in which he was so 
active and valuable, the societies and institutions 
that were his vogue and special delight. Why, 
he was at the theatre on Tuesday evening and 
at a family gathering of friends on Sunday even- 
ing, and possibly was around somewhere, where 
there was music, or painting, or cultural enlight- 
enment or entertainment as late as Wednesday 
and Thursday evenings. For more than a gen- 
eration he had practiced medicine on the South 
Side, and he was personally known to thousands 
of Pittsburghers, old families and new. In what- 
soever was good for the community — for its 
health, its elevation, its education, its proper 
diversion and its progress in refinement, there 
was Dr. Miller, with its benign personality, his 
staunch individualism and his rugged and homely 
philosophy. Advancing years were not permitted 
to warp his judgments nor to sour the milk of 
human kindness which had been his abiding 
blessing. The glasses through which he peered 
at his patients, if they disclosed the bad there is 
in the world, never blinded him to the good, nor 
misled him into the bypaths of the sated cynic. 
A bugler in the civil war at fourteen, fifty years 
and more later he still retained a boy's zest in 
the things that enrich living and refresh the mind 
and body. He was about as independent in his 
mental processes, his intellectual freedom, as a 
man can be, resisting the encroachments of 
those whom he considered experimentalists and 
resenting their alleged discoveries with stout 
scorn. But what would you? That physician 
who does not think for himself will not go far 
for others — and Dr. Miller went far for many. 
His degree is embalmed in the work of relief 
and healing he bore to countless households, and 
it is written in the hearts that were warmed by 
his. 



1609 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



To words like these what can be added? 
Scholar, author, artist — all these was Dr. 
Miller, but oftenest and longest will he be 
remembered, in the annals of his profes- 
sion and in the hearts of those to whom 
he brought help and healing, as "the Be- 
loved Physician." 



WESLEY, Frank Augustus, 

Insurance Actuary. 

Frank Augustus Wesley, vice-president 
and director of agencies of the Standard 
Life Insurance Company of Pittsburgh, 
has, during the last ten years, fully suc- 
ceeded in establishing his claim to promi- 
nence in the field of the insurance busi- 
ness. 

Peter G. Wesley was the great-great- 
grandfather of Frank Augustus Wesley. 
Peter G. (2) was the son of Peter G. (i) 
Wesley. Michael G., son of Peter G. (2) 
Wesley, was of Canada, and migrated to 
Massachusetts, where he passed the re- 
mainder of his life in agricultural pur- 
suits. He married Christine Gay. 

x-\ugustus G., son of Michael G. and 
Christine (Gay) Wesley, was born in 
October, 1842, and was of Cambridge, 
Massachusetts. He married Mary Jane 
Stevens, whose ancestral record is ap- 
pended to this biography. Mrs. Wesley 
passed away December 2, 1914. 

Frank Augustus Wesley, son of Au- 
gustus G. and Mary Jane (Stevens) Wes- 
ley, was born January 14, 1875, at Cam- 
bridge, ^Massachusetts, and received his 
education at the East Greenwich Acad- 
emy and the Wesleyan University. He 
at once associated himself with the insur- 
ance business with which he has ever 
since been continuously identified, enter- 
ing its ranks immediately after his grad- 
uation from the university. At the out- 
set of his career, Mr. Wesley worked for 
the New York Life Insurance Company, 
leaving it to become assistant New Eng- 
land manager for the Bankers' Life In- 



surance Company of New York. Mean- 
while, in association with Mr. Wood- 
bridge, he worked for a year and a half 
on plans for the organization of the Co- 
lumbian National Life Insurance Com- 
pany of Boston, and for nine years was 
associated with the concern, filling al- 
most every capacity of leadership. He 
was first made Boston manager of the 
company, and his success in this limited 
field led to his promotion to the position 
of manager of the New England territory. 
The manner in which he launched the 
company's business in all the New Eng- 
land States was the beginning of his ad- 
vancement, which was very rapid and 
due entirely to his executive abilities and 
untiring energy. Mr. Wesley was next 
made assistant director of agencies for 
the Columbian National Life Insurance 
Company, later director of agencies and 
he was then admitted to the directorship 
of the company. 

During these years Mr. Wesley's work 
had attracted attention, gaining for him 
an assured reputation, and in May, 1910, 
he severed his connection with the Co- 
lumbian National and accepted the posi- 
tion of vice-president and director of 
agencies of the Standard Life Insurance 
Company of Pittsburgh. This position 
he has since continuously filled. The or- 
ganization which Mr. Wesley now rep- 
resents is one of the most important and 
successful in Pennsylvania. He is familiar 
with every detail of the business, his 
knowledge being the fruit of actual ex- 
perience. His mind is essentially that of 
an organizer and originator and he has 
introduced into life insurance work some 
special plans which have proved ex- 
tremely efficacious in the promotion of 
the business. It would be impossible to 
convey in a single paragraph any ade- 
quate idea of the comprehensiveness of 
his work as a director of agencies. This 
branch of the insurance business is con- 



1610 




/beytAyUf °2^^xi^ ^^' 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



sidered one of the most important factors 
in the upbuilding of any company, requir- 
ing as it does the highest degree of in- 
sight and the minutest conception of de- 
tail. As one of the leading spirits in a 
splendidly equipped and organized com- 
pany he holds a commanding position in 
the insurance circles of the state. 

In public afifairs Mr. Wesley takes the 
keen and helpful interest expected and 
demanded of every good citizen, and to 
any movement which in his judgment 
tends to promote betterment of condi- 
tions in his home city he gives ready aid 
and substantial support. He affiliates 
w^ith Oriental Lodge, Free and Accepted 
Masons, of Edgartown. Massachusetts. 

Mr. Wesley married, December lo, 
1902, Stella Emery, whose ancestral rec- 
ord is appended to this biography, and 
they are the parents of one son : Robert 
Emery Wesley, born April 10, 1909. Mr. 
Wesley, while of social temperament, is 
extremely domestic in his tastes, spend- 
ing the happiest hours of his busy life in 
the home presided over by his wife, a 
charming and congenial woman of many 
social gifts and withal devoted to the ties 
and duties of the household. 

(The Stevens Line). 

Stevens married Desire Churchill. 

Their son, Hubbard, married Harriet 
Brackett (see Brackett line). Mary Jane, 
daughter of Hubbard and Harriet (Brack- 
ett) Stevens, was born at Acton, Maine, 
and became the wife of Augustus G. Wes- 
ley, as stated above. 

(The Brackett Line). 

Samuel Brackett, the first ancestor of 
lecord, married Elizabeth Emery. 

(II) Joshua, son of Samuel and Eliza- 
beth (Emery) Brackett, was born July 
9, 1728, in Berwick. 

(III) Jacob, son of Joshua Brackett, 
was born August 14. 1760, and married 



Hannah, born February 25, 1777, daugh- 
ter of Gersom and Hannah (Young) 
Wentworth. 

(IV) Harriet, daughter of Jacob and 
Hannah (Wentworth) Brackett, was born 
February i, 1808, and became the wife of 
Hubbard Stevens (see Stevens line). 

(The Emery Line). 

John S. Emery was born July 22, 1808, 
and married Eliza Emery, who was born 
January 8, 181 1. Mr. Emery died Sep- 
tember 9, 1858, and his widow passed 
away December 17, 1S73. Their son mar- 
ried Amelia, daughter of Bradford Bul- 
lock. Bradford Bullock was born July 
20, 1809, at Grafton, New Hampshire, and 
died September 26. 1876. His wife was 
born December 25. 1813, at Alexandria, 
New Hampshire, and died February 4, 
1S79. ]Mr. Emery was of Concord, New 
Hampshire. His daughter Stella is now 
the wife of Frank Augustus Wesley, as 
stated above. 



MASON, Henry Lee, Jr., 

Man of Affairs, Enterprising Citiren. 

Among the solid business men of Pitts- 
burgh must be numbered Henry Lee Ma- 
son Jr., president of the old-established 
J. R. Weldin Company, and officially con- 
nected with a number of the benevolent 
and philanthropic institutions of his na- 
tive city of which he has been a life-long 
resident. 

Henry Lee Mason Jr. was born Sep- 
tember 16, 1868, in Pittsburgh, and is a 
son of the late Henry Lee and Myra (Mc- 
Laughlin) Mason. A biography and por- 
trait of Mr. Mason appear elsewhere in 
this work. Henry Lee ]Mason Jr. was 
educated in private schools, at Shady 
Side Academy, and Princeton University. 
When the time came for him to begin the 
active work of life he entered the book 
and stationery store of J. R. Weldin & 
Company, the business being then owned 



161 1 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



by his father and having been founded 
by the latter's uncle, and, starting at the 
bottom, became thoroughly familiar with 
every detail of the management. Begin- 
ning as assistant bookkeeper, in 1890, Mr. 
Mason steadily advanced until he came, 
in the course of time, to occupy his pres- 
ent position. While bestowing the most 
careful attention on every department of 
the establishment he has always taken 
special interest in the steel and copper 
plate engraving department. He is quietly 
and ably conducting the business of his 
father and his grand-uncle, J. R. Weldin, 
and under his capable management it has 
retained its position as the leading sta- 
tionery and book concern of Western 
Pennsylvania. In 1913 he purchased the 
business from the estate of his father and 
incorporated it, and in the spring of 1914 
the company moved the retail department 
into handsome new quarters on Wood 
street, giving up the jobbing portion of 
the business. 

In politics ]\Ir. Mason is a Republican, 
and in everything pertaining to the wel- 
fare and progress of his home city he has 
always taken a keen and helpful interest. 
He holds directorships in the Union Na- 
tional Bank of Pittsburgh and the Tri- 
State Telephone and Telegraph Company 
of St. Paul and Minneapolis. In the West- 
ern Pennsylvania Humane Society he 
holds the office of treasurer, and in the 
Western Pennsylvania Institution for the 
Deaf and Dumb he occupies a seat on 
the board of directors. He is a vice- 
president of the Kingsley House Asso- 
ciation and one of the managers of the 
Pittsburgh Free Dispensary. His private 
charities are numerous but very quietly 
bestowed. He belongs to the Duquesne, 
Union, Pittsburgh. Allegheny Country 
and Pittsburgh Golf clubs and is presi- 
dent of the Automobile Club, being par- 
ticularly fond of motoring. He is a mem- 



ber and vestryman of Trinity Protestant 
Episcopal Church. 

The personality and appearance of Mr. 
Mason are those of an able business man 
of cultivated tastes and genial disposi- 
tion. He is essentially a man's man, 
popular with men because he is so thor- 
oughly manly. 

Mr. Mason married, June 25, 1895, 
Martha Frew, daughter of the late Charles 
and Jane (Walker) Lockhart. Mrs. Lock- 
hart was, in her day, one of the most 
charming women in Pittsburgh and many 
of her graces, together with her loveli- 
ness of character have been inherited by 
her daughter. Mrs Mason, who is several 
years younger than her husband, is a 
graduate of the Pennsylvania College for 
Women. Gentle and self-efifacing, but 
with a quiet charm pervasive as the odor 
of violets, she might almost be described 
as an influence rather than a personality 
were it not for the intense individuality 
which impresses all who are brought into 
contact with her. Possessing uncommon 
strength of character softened and 
adorned by the most perfect womanli- 
ness and controlled by the loftiest pur- 
poses, she has ever been to her husband 
at once the presiding genius of his 
hearthstone and his inspiration in all that 
is highest and noblest. Endowed with 
wealth, she has consecrated it to the serv- 
ice of the poor, the ignorant and the suf- 
fering. Without children of her own, her 
heart has gone out to the neglected and 
unfortunate waifs of the great city and 
among the numerous charitable organiza- 
tions with which she is identified is the 
Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of 
which she is one of the managers. For 
the last few years in frail health, Mrs. 
]\Iason has. nevertheless, given herself 
without stint to aiding the progress of 
philanthropic enterprises and to further- 
ing the work of the Sixth United Presby- 
terian Church of which she is a member. 



1612 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



In benevolent and religious work, as in 
all things else, she and her husband have 
gone hand in hand, fellow-workers in 
causes equally dear to both. The city 
residence of Mr. and Mrs. Mason is the 
old Lockhart mansion in the East End 
and their summer home is situated on 
Sewickley Heights. Country life appeals 
strongly to both and at their rural retreat 
some of their happiest hours are passed. 
Essentially home-lovers and delighting in 
the companionship of their friends, soci- 
ety, in the usual sense of the term, has 
few attractions for them. Mrs. Mason 
belongs to no clubs with the exception of 
the Twentieth Century, the Pittsburgh 
Golf and the Allegheny Country. 

Mr. Mason is a true Pittsburgher, con- 
servative, yet quietly aggressive, but al- 
ways too busy to talk about what he is 
doing and leaving his work and its re- 
sults to speak for him. 



ELLIOTT, Byron Kenneth, 

Enterprising Business Man. 

Byron Kenneth Elliott, president of the 
B. K. Elliott Company has been for 
nearly a score of years a conspicuous 
figure in the business circles of Pitts- 
burgh. ]\Ir. Elliott is a representative of 
a family which has been for about two 
centuries resident in Pennsylvania, and 
has given, in the successive generations, 
useful and patriotic citizens to the com- 
monwealth. 

William Elliott, great-great-grand- 
father of Byron Kenneth Elliott, was of 
West Nantmell township, Chester coun- 
ty, Pennsylvania, and married Mary 
. The will of Mr. Elliott was pro- 
bated May 19, 1769. 

(H) Samuel, son of William and Mary 
Elliott, was of Caernarvon township. 
Lancaster county. Pennsylvania, and dur- 
ing the Revolutionary War served as cap- 
tain of a company of the Fifth Battalion, 
Lancaster County Militia. Pennsylvania 



troops. He married Susannah Hughes. 
From 1759 to 1786 Captain Elliott was a 
vestryman of Bangor Protestant Epis- 
copal Church, at Churchtown, Lancaster 
county. 

(HI) James, son of Samuel and Sus- 
annah (Hughes) Elliott, was born in 
1772. He was a farmer of Raccoon Creek, 
Beaver county, Pennsylvania, and later 
moved to the neighborhood of Ohioville, 
in the same county. He also lived at one 
time in Allegheny county. He married 
Elizabeth Laughlin, whose family record 
is appended to this biography, and their 
children were: ^Morgan, of McDonald, 
Pennsylvania : Laughlin, of Smith's 
Ferry, Pennsylvania ; Samuel, mentioned 
below ; Ferguson, a physician of Ohio- 
ville, Pennsylvania; Wilson, of Ohioville, 
Pennsylvania ; James, of the same place ; 
Barbara ; and Rebecca. Both the daugh- 
ters are of Ohioville. Mrs. Elliott passed 
away in 1832, and the death of Mr. El- 
liott occurred, 1847. 

(IV) Samuel (2), son of James and 
Elizabeth (Laughlin) Elliott, was born 
March 13, 1818, where Murdocksville. 
Pennsylvania, now stands, and was edu- 
cated in schools of the neighborhood, and 
also for a time taught school in Beaver 
county. He studied dentistry, and almost 
to the close of his life practiced his profes- 
sion in Hagerstown, Indiana. He was a 
Republican in politics. Mr. Elliott mar- 
ried, October 27, 1858, Mary Agnes Herd- 
man, whose ancestral record is appended 
to this biography, and the following chil- 
dren were born to them: Georgia, of 
Flagerstown, Indiana ; Jennie, married 
Walter S. Sprankle, of Indianapolis, Indi- 
ana, and died August 26, 1899; Elizabeth, 
wife of George H. Best, of Delphi, Indi- 
ana ; and Byron Kenneth, mentioned be- 
low. Mr. Elliott died December 13, 1899, 
and was survived by his widow until 
June 29. 191 1. 

(V) Byron Kenneth Elliott, son of 



1613 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Samuel and Mary Agnes (lierdman) El- 
liott, was born May 15, 1870, in Hagers- 
town, Wayne county. Indiana, and re- 
ceived his education in the public schools 
of his birthplace. He was then for two 
years engaged in mercantile business in 
Richmond, Indiana, and in 1889 entered 
the service of the engineering department 
of the Pennsylvania Company Lines 
West, being employed one year in 
Logansport, Indiana ; one year in Hamil- 
ton, Ohio, and five years in Pittsburgh. 
An afifection of the eyes forced him to 
resign this position, and he was then from 
1895 to 1897 connected with a mathe- 
matical house in the Iron City. 

Now came the turning point in his life. 
Having formed a partnership, he pur- 
chased the business operating under the 
firm name of the Elliott Electric Blue 
Print Company, situated for a time at 
Twenty-fifth street and the Allegheny 
Valley railroad, and later at 723 Liberty 
street. In 1905 the concern was incor- 
porated as the B. K. Elliott Company, 
with Mr. Elliott as president and treas- 
urer. Their place of business was at this 
time situated at 108 Sixth street, but in 
April. 1915, they took possession of the 
handsome new Elliott building on Sixth 
street, a fireproof structure of seven 
stories and a basement. The company 
employs the most modern methods, carry- 
ing drawing materials, surveying instru- 
ments, all kinds of artists' materials and 
projection apparatus and a full line of 
optical goods. An air of quiet elegance 
pervades the establishment, and all the 
appointments are handsome and har- 
monious. The firm constitutes an optical 
house unequalled in Western Pennsyl- 
vania, and not surpassed by any in the 
United States. A branch is situated in 
Cleveland, Ohio. 

In politics, Mr. Elliott is a Republican, 
and is always found in the van of any 
movement tending to promote the prog- 



ress of his city. He is a member of the 
Chamber of Commerce and the trade ex- 
tension committee of same. His clubs 
are the Rotary, the Pittsburgh Archi- 
tectural and the Engineers' Society of 
Western Pennsjdvania, and he is a Thir- 
ty-second Degree Mason, a Knight 
Templar and a Shriner ; is treasurer of 
the Indiana State Society, and belongs to 
the Sons of the American Revolution. He 
is a member of the United Presbyterian 
church. 

The air of quiet determination which 
characterizes Mr. Elliott's demeanor is an 
indication of the unobtrusive force which 
has marked his entire career, force which 
attains its object almost without appar- 
ent efifort, and in doing so never loses 
sight of the consideration due the rights 
and feelings of others He is manifestly 
a leader, and a stranger, on entering his 
establishment, would immediately recog- 
nize him as the proprietor. A man of 
pleasing personality and most courteous 
manners, he inspires sincere respect and 
cordial liking in all who are in any way 
associated with him. 

Mr. Elliott married, June 18, 1907, Mar- 
garet, daughter of Robert and Agnes 
(Coulter) Martin, of Pittsburgh. Mr. and 
Mrs. Martin, who are natives of the 
North of Ireland, went first to Scotland 
and then came to the United States. Mr. 
Martin has now retired from business. 
Mr. and Mrs. Elliott are the parents of 
two children : Virginia Agnes, born July 
22, 1909; and Byron Kenneth, born Oc- 
tober 5, 1912. Mrs. Elliott is a member 
of St. James' Memorial Protestant Epis- 
copal Church, and belongs to the board 
of managers of the Public Wash House 
and Baths Association of Lawrenceville. 
Mr. Elliott is devoted to his family and 
both he and his wife, a woman of charm- 
ing personality, enjoy a high degree of 
popularity in Pittsburgh society. Their 
614 





U^n.^'-yyyyyyyuJ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



attractive home in the East End is a cen- 
tre of hospitality. 

Mr. EUiott is a type of man that repre- 
sents quiet aggressiveness, a type v^^hich 
aids infiuentially and permanently in the 
upbuilding of great cities. There can be 
no better wish for Pittsburgh than that 
she may find herself in the future pos- 
sessed of many such citizens. 

(The Laughlin Line). 

James Laughlin was of Washington 
county, Pennsylvania. He married, and 
his children were : William B. ; Wilson, 
born in 1791, in Washington county, 
Pennsylvania, died in 1868, in Rush coun- 
ty, Indiana; and Elizabeth. 

William B., son of James Laughlin, 
served an apprenticeship of seven years 
learning the hatter's trade and meanwhile 
embraced every opportunity of supplying 
his educational deficiencies. By the time 
he had finished his apprenticeship he was 
fitted to enter Jeflferson College, where 
he took a full course, graduating at the 
end of six years. In 1812 he migrated to 
Scott county, Kentucky, and in 1816 set- 
tled in Franklin county, Indiana, where 
he entered upon the study of medicine. 
In 1820 he removed to Rush county, with 
the early settlement of which he was 
prominently identified, naming the county 
and its chief town in honor of Dr. Benja- 
min Rush, of Philadelphia. He studied 
law in Pennsylvania, and was elected 
judge soon after settling in Franklin 
county. In 1818 he became a member of 
the Indiana legislature, which met at 
Corydon, then the capital of the State. 
He owned the land upon which the 
greater portion of Rushville now stands, 
and in 1822 he donated twenty-five acres 
of this land to the county for the pur- 
pose of having the county seat estab- 
lished thereon. Judge Laughlin died Jan- 
uary I, 1836. 

Elizabeth, daughter of James Laugh- 



lin, became the wife of James Elliott, as 
stated above. 

(The Herdman Line). 

William Herdman, grandfather of Mrs. 
Mary Agnes (Herdman) Elliott, was 
numbered as a resident of South Fayette 
township, Allegheny county, Pennsyl- 
vania, prior to 1810. He married. 

(II) Robert, son of William Herdman, 
was of Allegheny county and married 
Jane Hanson. Their children were : 
Thomas, D. D., dean of McKendree Col- 
lege, Lebanon, Illinois ; Hamilton, of 
Mount Vernon, Illinois ; Mary Agnes, 
mentioned below; John, of Xenia, Illi- 
nois; James, of Monmouth, Illinois; and 
Jennie, wife of Dr. A. Z. Given, of Pax- 
ton, Illinois. 

(III) Mary Agnes, daughter of Robert 
and Jane (Hanson) Herdman, was born 
January 26, 1836, and became the wife of 
Samuel Elliott, as stated above. 



CUMMINS, Robert Wallace, 

Lawyer, Man of Affairs. 

Both as lawyer and business man, Rob- 
ert Wallace Cummins has long been a 
markedly conspicuous representative of 
the oil and gas interests of the city of 
Pittsburgh and the State of Pennsyl- 
vania. Mr. Cummins is counsel for the 
South Penn Oil Company and a num- 
ber of similar corporations, president and 
director of the Hazelwood Oil Company, 
and an actively public-spirited citizen of 
the most progressive metropolis in the 
world. 

Robert Cummins, grandfather of Rob- 
ert Wallace Cummins, was a native of 
Mifflin county, Pennsylvania, and mar- 
ried Mary Sterrett, daughter of David 
and Elizabeth Hannah Sterrett in 181 1. 

Cyrus, son of Robert and Mary (Ster- 
rett) Cummins, was born July 10, 1812, 
in Mififlin county, Pennsylvania, and was 



1615 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



a minister of the Associate, now United 
Presbyterian Church, first in Greene 
county, Ohio, and later in Lawrence and 
Mercer counties, Pennsylvania. He mar- 
ried Nancy, daughter of Archibald and 
Eleanor (Wallace) Collins, and their chil- 
dren were : Mary, of Pittsburgh ; Archi- 
bald, married and now of Virginia ; Rob- 
ert Wallace, mentioned below; and John 
C, of Lexington, Kentucky, vice-presi- 
dent of the New Domain Oil and Gas 
Company. The Rev. Mr. Cummins passed 
away September 12, 1887, leaving the 
record of a faithful ministry and a self- 
denying life. 

Robert Wallace Cummins, son of Cyrus 
and Nancy (Collins) Cummins, was born 
October 9, 1854, in Greene county, Ohio, 
and at the age of five years was taken by 
his parents to Lawrence county, Penn- 
sylvania. His education was received 
first in local public schools and subse- 
quently from private tutors and at Blairs- 
ville Academy. He began the study of 
law with D. W. & A. S. Bell, of Pitts- 
burgh, with whom he remained one year, 
afterward completing his course under 
the guidance of his brother Archibald. 
In 1879 he was admitted to the bar. 
Since that event Mr. Cummins has con- 
tinuously practiced in Pittsburgh, for the 
first five years alone, and subsequently 
as counsel for oil companies. From 1889 
to 1902 he was connected with the Forest 
Oil Company and from that time to the 
present has been counsel for the South 
Pennsylvania Oil Company. As corpora- 
tion counsel he occupies a commanding 
position and as a business man has made 
a brilliant record, being president and 
director of the Hazelwood Oil Company 
and director of the Pen-Mex Fuel Com- 
pany and others. 

The political affiliations of Mr. Cum- 
mins are with the Republicans, and he 
has taken an active part in local affairs, 
consenting, despite the pressure of pro- 



16 



fessional demands, to become a candidate 
for office in the borough of Swissvale. 
He was thrice elected a member of the 
council, and for two terms served on the 
school board. He belongs to the Alle- 
gheny County Bar Association and the 
Edgewood Club, and is a member of the 
United Presbyterian church. 

The face of Mr. Cummins is that of a 
man whom nothing escapes — alert to op- 
portunity but ever mindful of the rights 
and feelings of others. Gray hair and 
moustache, strong features and eyes 
kindly, humorous and keenly observant 
constitute an aspect familiar to many and 
always cordially welcome to a host of 
friends. 

Mr. Cummins married, August 10, 
1886, Minnie S. Curry, whose ancestral 
record is appended to this biography, and 
they are the parents of the following chil- 
dren : Alden Curry, born July 10, 1887 ; 
Marian W., educated at Mount Holyoke 
College ; and Anna Lois, educated at Miss 
Cowles' School for Girls, Hollidaysburg, 
Pennsylvania. Alden C. Cummins was 
educated in Pittsburgh schools and at 
Lehigh University, graduating in 191 1 as 
electrical engineer and now with the 
L'uited States Steel Corporation. He 
married Harriet, daughter of the late S. 
B. Donaldson, a Pittsburgh lawyer, and 
they have one child, Nancy J. Cummins. 
Mrs. Robert Wallace Cummins is a mem- 
ber of various clubs and withal an accom- 
plished homemaker. She and her hus- 
band delight in the exercise of hospitality 
and the whole family enjoy a high degree 
of popularity in the social circles of Pitts- 
burgh. 

Men of ability and force of character 
invariably stamp themselves, though in 
different ways, upon their communities. 
Robert Wallace Cummins has placed 
upon his city and state the impress of an 
able lawyer and a gifted man of affairs. 
6 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(The Curry Line). 
Samuel Curry, the first ancestor of rec- 
ord, came in 1733 from Scotland to the 
province of Pennsylvania, settling in 
Chester county. He married, in his na- 
tive land. 

(II) Moses, son of Samuel Curry, was 
born in 1733, on the voyage to America. 
He married Sarah Moore, of York coun- 
ty, Pennsylvania. 

(III) Moses (2), son of Moses (i) and 
Sarah (Moore) Curry, was born April 

18, 1770, and followed the calling of a 
surveyor. He went to Virginia, and then 
to Allegheny county, Pennsylvania, set- 
tling in 1805 near Bethel Church. He mar- 
ried, January 27, 1803, Elizabeth Barnes, 
of Havre de Grace, Maryland, and their 
children were : Nancy, born March 24, 
1806, died in 1888; Mary, born October 

19, 1807, married Robert Shaw and died 
in 1872 ; Sarah, born November 28, 1809, 
married Mitchell Bryant, of Washington 
county, Pennsylvania, and died in 1904; 
John, born November 2j, 181 1, died in 
1873 ; Moses, mentioned below ; Eliza- 
beth, born May 20, 1817, died February 
10, 1825 ; and Margaret, born September 
22, 1819, died February 11, 1825. Moses 
Curry, the father, died August 16, 1833. 

(IV) Moses (3), son of Moses (2) and 
Elizabeth (Barnes) Curry, was born No- 
vember 27, 1813, received his education 
in the schools of Allegheny county, and 
in 1846 settled in McKeesport, Pennsyl- 
vania, engaging in the tanning business 
with Robert Shaw, his brother-in-law. 
He was a member of the council and for 
years served on the school board. He 
married, in November, 1847, Sarah, born 
in April, 1826, daughter of James Nich- 
olls, of Elizabeth township, Allegheny 
county, Pennsylvania. Mr. NichoUs was 
a farmer and belonged to an old family of 
Western Pennsylvania. Mr. and Mrs. 
Curry were the parents of the following 



children: Elizabeth L. ; Alfaretta ; Minnie 
S., mentioned below; James A., with the 
South Pennsylvania Oil Company ; three 
who died young; and Glendon Elder, a 
Pittsburgh physician. Mr. Curry died 
February 28, 1898, and his widow passed 
away in March, 1913. Both were charter 
members of the First United Presbyterian 
Church of McKeesport. 

(V) Minnie S., daughter of Moses (3) 
and Sarah (Nicholls) Curry, became the 
wife of Robert Wallace Cummins, as 
stated above. 



BOYD, David Hartin, 

Physician, Hospital Official. 

One of Pittsburgh's younger physicians 
who has not yet completed a decade of 
successful practice is Dr. David Hartin 
Boyd, already well and favorably known 
to the public and the profession. Dr. 
Boyd is a native Pittsburgher, and has 
entered upon his work with the intention 
of making the city of his birth the scene 
of his professional achievements. 

David Boyd, grandfather of David Har- 
tin Boyd, came from the north of Ireland 
to the United States and settled in Ohio, 
where he engaged in the grain business, 
owning mills and grain elevators. He 
married Mary Hartin. Mr. Boyd died in 
1912, in Kansas City, Kansas. 

Thomas H. Boyd, son of David and 
Mary (Hartin) Boyd, was born in Hunts- 
ville, Logan county, Ohio, and came to 
Pittsburgh, where he is now officially 
connected with the Gulf Refining Com- 
pany. He married Sarah, daughter of 
John A. and Eleanor (Anderson) McKee, 
of Pittsburgh. Mr. McKee came from 
Ireland to Westmoreland county, Penn- 
sylvania and later to Pittsburgh, where 
he engaged in the oil business and event- 
ually sold out to the Standard Oil Com- 
pany. Mr. and Mrs. Boyd were the par- 
ents of three children : Morton M., whole- 



1617 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



sale grocer of Pittsburgh, married and 
has three children : David Hartin, men- 
tioned below ; and Eleanor N., died in 
girlhood. 

David Hartin Boyd, son of Thomas H. 
and Sarah (McKee) Boyd, was born Feb- 
ruary 17, 1880, in Allegheny, now North 
Side, Pittsburgh, and after graduating 
from the public and high schools of his 
native city entered Washington and Jef- 
ferson College, receiving from that insti- 
tution in 1902 the degree of Bachelor of 
Arts. He was fitted for his profession 
at Harvard Medical College, graduating 
in 1906 with the degree of Doctor of 
Medicine. After serving for thirteen 
months as interne in the Allegheny Gen- 
eral Hospital, Dr. Boyd, in 1909, entered 
upon a career of general practice on the 
North Side, Pittsburgh, meeting from the 
outset with a gratifying measure of suc- 
cess. He has for some time given special 
attention to the treatment of children's 
diseases and to obstetrics, and it seems 
probable that he will eventually devote 
himself exclusively to these two branches 
of his profession. He is assistant obstet- 
rician on the stafif of the Allegheny Gen- 
eral Hospital and assistant physician on 
the staff of the Children's Hospital. His 
private practice is already large and he 
has begun to be known as a contributor 
to medical journals. He is a member of 
the Pittsburgh Academy of Medicine, the 
American Medical Association, the Penn- 
sylvania State Medical Association and 
the Allegheny County Medical Society. 

A good citizen, Dr. Boyd is deeply in- 
terested in all that makes for betterment 
of conditions and gives the support of his 
vote to all measures which he deems cal- 
culated to further that end. He belongs 
to the University Club and the Stanton 
Heights Golf Club, and is a member of 
the Reformed Presbyterian Church. 



ROBINSON, William Henry, 

Treasurer of H. J. Heinz Company. 

William Henry Robinson, treasurer and 
director of the H. J. Heinz Company, is 
one of those quiet, forceful business men 
who have done so much to build up and 
maintain the industrial and commercial 
greatness of Pittsburgh. For thirty years 
Mr. Robinson has been a resident of the 
Iron City and has ever, to the utmost of 
his power, given encouragement and sup- 
port to all her leading interests. 

William Robinson, grandfather of Wil- 
liam Henry Robinson, was born in Lan- 
caster county, Pennsylvania, and married 
Mary Francina Lewis. 

Joseph P., son of William and Mary 
Francina (Lewis) Robinson, was born 
February 10, 1842, in Chester county, and 
for years was engaged in the lumber busi- 
ness in Clearfield county, Pennsylvania. 
During the Civil War he enlisted in the 
Ninety-seventh Regiment, Pennsylvania 
Volunteers, and served three years. He is 
a Republican, and a member of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church. Mr. Robinson 
married Hannah Jane, daughter of Henry 
and Lucinda (Hindman) Wilson, of Ches- 
ter county, and their children are : Jose- 
phine, married Harry Emery, of Phillips- 
burg, Pennsylvania, and has one child, 
William F. ; William Henry, mentioned 
below ; Emma May, living in Curwens- 
ville, Pennsylvania ; Ruth Anna ; and Ida 
Blanche. Mr. Robinson is now living in 
retirement, having withdrawn from the 
cares and excitements of the business 
world. 

William Henry Robinson, son of Joseph 
P. and Hannah Jane (Wilson) Robinsom 
was born February 13, 1866, at Old Brick 
Meeting House, Maryland, and received 
his education in the schools of Clearfield 
county, Pennsylvania. His first business 
venture was in the lumber trade, and was 
made at Curwensville, Pennsylvania. It 



1618 




S,-j ^^.'^ .vs^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



was of short duration, and in 1884 he 
came to Pittsburgh and associated him- 
self with the H. J. Heinz Company. Be- 
ginning with office work, he was advanced 
to the accounting department, and in 1891 
acquired an interest in the business. In 
1905, when the concern was incorporated, 
he was chosen to fill his present positions 
of treasurer and director. 

The history of the great productive en- 
terprise with which Mr. Robinson has 
now been for many years connected be- 
gan in 1869 in a vegetable garden at 
Sharpsburg. The world knows the rest. 
How, in 1872, the increased proportions 
of the undertaking justified the opening 
of a business house in Pittsburgh and 
how, as the years went on, larger and 
larger quarters were required, until to- 
day, in twenty-three spacious brick 
buildings each of which embodies the 
best features of the most approved of 
modern factories, is carried on a portion 
of what the company is doing. Its branch 
houses are found in all parts of the 
world. The many years of Mr. Robin- 
son's connection with the company are 
in themselves a statement of his effi- 
ciency. He is thoroughly familiar with 
every department of the great concern, 
and how much its present proportions 
are the result of his astute foresight 
and wisely directed aggressiveness can 
be fully known to none but his associates. 
Mr. Robinson is also a director of the 
Real Estate Trust Company, the Central 
Accident Insurance Company, the Arm- 
strong Cork Company and the Parrell 
Durango Railroad Company. 

In the charitable and philanthropic in- 
stitutions of his city, Mr. Robinson takes 
a special interest, giving to benevolent 
work as much time as his engrossing 
business duties will allow. He is a trus- 
tee of St. Barnabas' Home, and is also 
interested in the Soho Settlement Baths. 
He is a thirty-second degree Mason, and 



belongs to the Duquesne, Oakmont 
Country and Pittsburgh Country Clubs, 
and the Pittsburgh Athletic Association. 
He is a member and trustee of the Point 
Breeze Presbyterian Church. 

One very distinctive feature of Mr. 
Robinson's personality, and one which 
undoubtedly has had much to do with 
his exceptional success, is his capacity 
for hard work. In the course of each day 
he accomplishes much more than the 
average man is capable of and that with- 
out seeming fatigue or excitement. His 
general appearance, his expression, his 
manner and the glance of his eyes are all 
indicative of quiet power and also of a 
kindliness and good will which has drawn 
to him many warm and loyal friends. 

The marriage of Mr. Robinson, on 
April 16, 1896, to Martha Jane, daughter 
of the late Thomas and Martha Jane 
(Porter) Armstrong, secured for him the 
life companionship of a woman of much 
sweetness of disposition and beauty of 
character. Mrs. Robinson, who is a 
member of the Twentieth Century and 
many other clubs, goes hand in hand 
with her husband in his philanthropic 
endeavors, taking a special interest in 
the institutions which most engage his 
attention. Mr. and Mrs. Robinson are 
the parents of four children: Thomas 
Armstrong, born February 4, 1897, who 
received his preparatory education at the 
Boys' Collegiate and Hills' Schools and 
will graduate from Yale University with 
the class of 1918; Mary Armstrong, edu- 
cated at Winchester School ; William 
Henry, born March 6, 1905; and Eliza- 
beth Jane. 

Mr. Robinson is a true Pittsburgher, 
averse to speaking of himself and equally 
averse to laudation from others. The 
narrative of his work is here presented as 
he would wish to have it, without com- 
mendation other than that conveyed by 
the simple statement of fact. 



1619 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



McLAIN, Benjamin Negley, 

Prominent Business Man. 

Prominent in that class of progressive 
business men so essentially ch'aracter- 
istic of Pittsburgh is Benjamin Negley 
^McLain, president and director of the 
well known J. G. Bennett Company. In 
the course of his long and successful 
business career Mr. McLain has been 
associated with leading interests of his 
native city and has done all in his power 
for their promotion and support. 

Benjamin Negley McLain was born 
December 19, 1849, in Pittsburgh, and 
is a son of Benjamin and Susan Story 
(Johnson) McLain, and a brother of 
John Westfall Johnson McLain, whose 
biography, with ancestral record, appears 
elsewhere in this work. Benjamin Neg- 
ley McLain received his preparatory edu- 
caiion in Pittsburgh schools, and for a 
time attended the Western University 
of Pennsylvania, now the University of 
Pittsburgh. 

It was as clerk for J. D. Ramaley, hat- 
ter, that Mr. McLain made his entrance 
into the business world, thus associating 
himself at the outset with the line of 
industry with which he has ever since 
been so notably connected. In 1877 he 
allied himself with the late John G. Ben^ 
nett, and slowly but surely began to rise 
into the prominence which his talents 
and integrity so richly merited. In 1900, 
when the firm was incorporated, he be- 
came vice-president, and on the death of 
Mr. Bennett, in 1912, succeeded to the 
presidency. The establishment of the 
company is the finest of its kind in the 
city and during the thirty-eight years of 
Mr. McLain's connection with the busi- 
ness his clearheaded sagacity and fine 
administrative abilities have contributed 
immeasurably to its prosperity. Under 
his wise and capable leadership this pros- 
perity is maintained on sure foundations. 



all the departments being in the most 
flourishing condition. From time to time 
Mr. McLain has been interested in out- 
side concerns, and for a certain period 
was director of the Pension Mutual Life 
Insurance Company, but his attention is 
now given exclusively to the discharge of 
the important duties and strenuous obli- 
gations of his responsible position, which 
alone would transcend the capabilities of 
any man less systematic and executive 
than himself. 

A steadfast adherent of the Republican 
party, Mr. McLain possesses a full share 
of the public spirit always characteristic 
of his family, and in 1895 represented the 
Twentieth ward in the city council. He 
is a thirty-second degree Mason, afifiliat- 
ing with all Masonic bodies, and in 1910 
was grand standard bearer of the State of 
Pennsylvania, Knights Templar. He be- 
longs to the Pittsburgh Athletic Associa- 
tion, and the Church Club of the Diocese 
of Pittsburgh, and has been for fifteen 
years a member of St. Andrew's Protest- 
ant Episcopal Church, in which he holds 
the office of junior warden. 

Aggressiveness is a marked trait in Mr. 
McLain's character, but always unobtru- 
sively exercised and recognized chiefly in 
its results. Always dignified and cour- 
teous, he possesses withal much geniality 
of nature and kindness of heart and num- 
bers friends in all classes of the commun- 
ity. 

Mr. McLain married, December 9, 1869, 
Martha F., daughter of the late John and 
Catherine (Hutton) Liggett, of Pitts- 
burgh, and sister of the late Sidney B. 
Liggett, whose biography, with ancestral 
record, appears elsewhere in this work. 
Mr. and Mrs. McLain are the parents of 
one daughter, Loucindia Childs McLain, 
who was educated in public and private 
schools of Pittsburgh. Devotion to home 
and family has ever been a dominant 
motive in Mr. McLain's life and he finds 



1620 





(^J?. 




Z-~« ff.s,<^r'ca.' ^^ ^'^ 



ENXYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



one of his chief pleasures in the exercise 
of hospitality. 

Benjamin Negley McLain is one of 
those men whose quiet force exerts a 
more dominating influence than is fully 
realized even by those who most appre- 
ciate it. Working without friction and 
without display he has aided and pro- 
moted, at different times, not only the 
business interests of his city, but other 
elements essential to her true prosperity, 
and his work, unostentatious though it is, 
has a very real and permanent value. 



CLARK, James Bly, 

Ijeading Moving Picture Proprietor. 

James Bly Clark, of the firm of Row- 
land & Clark, of Pittsburgh, one of the 
largest moving picture concerns in the 
United States. "'Enough !" the public ex- 
claims. "What need is there for further 
words? Every Pittsburgher, every Penn- 
sylvanian, every American citizen, knows 
all about James Bly Clark, and his phe- 
nomenal achievements." That is true, 
but we are writing for future generations 
of Pittsburghers, Pennsylvanians and 
American citizens at large, who, while 
they will certainly be familiar with Mr. 
Clark's name, cannot be acquainted, ex- 
cept by the pen of the historian, with the 
many interesting details which go to 
make up one of the most remarkable busi- 
ness careers of modern times. It is to 
place them in possession of these facts 
that this biography is given to the world. 

James Clark, grandfather of James Bly 
Clark, was a farmer of Indiana, Pennsyl- 
vania. His son, James L. Clark, was of 
Pittsburgh, and married Laura E. Meix- 
ner. 

James Bly, son of James L. and Laura 
E. (Meixner) Clark, was born February 
17, 1871, in Pittsburgh, and received his 
education in the public schools of Indi- 
ana, Pennsylvania, and at the Indiana 
Normal School of the same place. After 



completing his course of study he went 
to Pittsburgh where he became book- 
keeper for Gillespie, Curll & Company, 
wholesale grocers. The fact that he re- 
tained the position eighteen years is con- 
clusive proof of his ability and faithful- 
ness, but at the end of that time he re- 
signed in order to enter the field in which 
he was destined to achieve a national 
reputation. 

In 1905 Air. Clark associated himself 
with Richard A. Rowland in the moving 
picture film business, forming the Pitts- 
burgh Calcium Light and Film Company. 
In the course of time they sold this to 
the General Film Company, and then en- 
tered the film business as independent 
operators. This was in 1910, and Mr. 
Clark is now president of the Pittsburgh 
Photo Play Company and the Famous 
Players Film Service Company, vice- 
president of the Metro Pictures Corpora- 
tion, a director of the Independent Film 
Exchange, and a stockholder in the Para- 
mount Pictures Corporation, also treas- 
urer of the Features Film and Calcium 
Light Company. His firm controls the 
following theatres : Regent ; Schenley 
Photo, Oakland; Belmar, Homewood; 
Columbia. Fifth avenue ; Crystal Amuse- 
ment Company, with two theatres in 
Braddock ; McKeesport Amusement 
Company, with three theatres in McKees- 
port ; Bellevue Theatre, Bellevue; the 
Cameraphone Company of Cleveland and 
the Cameraphone Company of Pitts- 
burgh. These represent only one phase 
of Mr. Clark's activities, as his firm con- 
trols the franchises for a large part of the 
country of the output of the Paramount 
Pictures Corporation and the Universal 
and Mutual Film Companies. Rowland 
& Clark also own the Pittsburgh Cal- 
cium Light and Film Company, which is 
the parent organization from which all 
their other enterprises have sprung, and 
the firm, in addition, are the larsfest stock- 



1621 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



holders in the General Film Company of 
New York and was a large and influen- 
tial factor in the recent organization of 
the Metro Pictures Corporation, of which, 
as stated above, Mr. Clark is vice-presi- 
dent. He is also president of the Camera- 
phone Company of Pittsburgh and the 
Bellevue x\musement Company, secretary 
of the Crystal Amusement Company of 
Braddock, Pennsylvania, and secretary 
and treasurer of the McKeesport Amuse- 
ment Company. All this has been accom- 
plished by a man who has only just en- 
tered upon the period known as the prime 
of life. What may not the future hold 
for him ? 

The last theatre built by Mr. Clark is 
the Regent Theatre, in the East Liberty 
section of Pittsburgh, a structure which 
has been pronounced by competent judges 
one, of the most beautiful moving picture 
theatres in the United States. The full 
area of the building is occupied by seats 
so arranged that the screen can be readily 
seen from every part of the auditorium, 
and a beautiful fountain is situated on the 
centre isle, the main figure, which is of 
bronze, having been imported from Italy. 
The main auditorium is decorated in the 
style of the Italian Renaissance and is 
provided with an organ of singular rich- 
ness of tone and fullness of volume. The 
building is absolutely fire-proof and is 
furnished with every possibly facility for 
safety. None but pictures of the highest 
class are displayed here and all the 
amusement companies controlled by Mr. 
Clark are noted for the superior quality 
and originality of their presentments. 
Striking as it does a note of refinement 
and pervaded by an atmosphere of ele- 
gance, Pittsburgh may well be proud of 
not only the theatre itself, but also of the 
citizen whose enterprise and genius have 
made it an ornament to the city. 

By voice and vote Mr. Clark is an ad- 
vocate of the principles of the Republican 



party, but politics can claim only a small 
share of his attention, absorbed as he is 
in a business which not only provides 
entertainment for the public, but exerts 
a widely instructive and distinctly refin- 
ing influence. He is a thirty-second de- 
gree Alason, a Shriner and a Knight 
Templar, affiliating with Crafton Lodge, 
No. 653. He belongs to the Union and 
Press Clubs and the Pittsburgh Athletic 
Association and is a rnember of the Prot- 
estant Episcopal church. 

Perhaps the dominant trait in the char- 
acter of Mr. Clark is self-reliance and of 
this his clean-shaven face, with its finely 
moulded features, is strongly expressive. 
It is the face of a man who thinks far 
ahead and plans with wisdom and bold- 
ness. Eloquent as it is of energy it has 
none of the hard determination some- 
times seen in the faces of men who have 
carved out success for themselves by 
their own unaided eflforts. Rather it is 
genial, kindly, expressive of considera- 
tion for the rights and feelings of others 
and also of a large and ever-active benev- 
olence. Mr. Clark is, in the broadest 
sense, one of the men who cause their 
achievements and triumphs to minister to 
the general good. 

Some years before entering upon that 
phase of his career which has won for 
him a national reputation >\Ir. Clark con- 
tracted the marriage which has made the 
happiness of his life. On August g, 1899. 
he was united to Gertrude, daughter of 
James and Emma (Morton) Rowland, of 
London, England, and he and his wife 
are now the parents of two children : Ger- 
trude Hewitt, educated at Dilworth Hall ; 
and Mary Rowland. Mr. and Mrs. Clark 
are extremely popular in Pittsburgh soci- 
ety. They delight in the exercise of hos- 
pitality, Mrs. Clark presiding with the 
most gracious tact over the beautiful fam- 
ily home in the East End. 

The true Pittsburgher is possessed not 



1622 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of foresight only, but also of courage to 
advance in the direction which his keen 
vision shows him to be the pathway to 
success. Mr. Clark was one of the few 
who discerned the latent possibilities of 
what is now a colossal interest and it is 
largely through his wisely directed efiforts 
that it has attained its present propor- 
tions in Western Pennsylvania. Truly 
has it been said of James Bly Clark that 
he has the typical Pittsburgh aggressive- 
ness. 



McCREADY, James Homer, M. D., 
Practitioner and Professional Instructor. 

During the early years of the twen- 
tieth century the medical profession of 
Pittsburgh has been recruited from a 
body of young men who have infused into 
their chosen work an element of vigor 
and enthusiasm which augurs well for 
the future of medical science. Note- 
worthy among these physicians of the 
new era who are now coming forward to 
fill, in the course of time, the places of 
their noble predecessors, is Dr. J. Homer 
McCready, Instructor in Laryngology at 
the University of Pittsburgh and already 
numbered among the city's successful 
practitioners. Dr. McCready is a repre- 
sentative of one of the old families of 
Western Pennsylvania, distinguished in 
the Revolutionary period of our history 
and now numbering several members in 
the medical profession. 

Robert McCready, great-grandfather of 
J. Homer McCready, was born in Scot- 
land, and in 1772 emigrated to the Ameri- 
can colonies. After working for a time 
on a farm in New Jersey he went to York 
county, Pennsylvania, where he followed 
the calling of a schoolmaster until the 
outbreak of the Revolutionary War. 
Without delay he took up arms in the 
service of his adopted country, enlisting 
in the Continental army and marching 



and fighting under the orders of Wash- 
ington. Subsequently he returned to 
York county and in the autumn of 1776 
removed to Western Pennsylvania, set- 
tling near Eldersville, Washington 
county, on a farm of three hundred and 
thirty-two acres now occupied by Robert 
B. W. McCready. He held the office 
of county commissioner and for many 
years served as justice of the peace. Dur- 
ing the war of 1812 he served as adjutant 
in the Lisbon company. A man of com- 
manding presence, with a voice of un- 
usual strength, he seemed, in these re- 
spects, as well as by coolness, courage 
and self-control, well fitted for military 
duties. In the latter part of his life Mr. 
McCready was a ruling elder in Cross 
Creek Presbyterian Church. He died in 
1846, at the venerable age of ninety-four 
years. 

Joseph, son of Robert McCready, was 
a native of Washington county and in the 
course of time removed to Columbiana 
county, Ohio, where he passed the re- 
mainder of his life. He married Martha 
Campbell and their children were: Cyn- 
thia J., wife of Robert Smith, of Ashland 
county. Ohio ; Margaret A., wife of 
Thomas Cameron, of Onslow, Jones 
county, Iowa ; James Campbell, mention- 
ed below; Robert J.; and Joseph A.; the 
two last-named being Pittsburgh physi- 
cians. Mr. McCready passed away in the 
seventy-fifth year of his age. 

James Campbell, son of Joseph and 
Martha (Campbell) McCready, was a 
builder, real estate broker and insurance 
agent of Pittsburgh, and married Mary, 
daughter of Phillip Mcintosh. They were 
the parents of four children : Mary Belle, 
wife of A. J. Worley. of Pittsburgh ; Avie, 
of Pittsburgh ; R. A., in real estate busi- 
ness in Pittsburgh ; and J. Homer, men- 
tioned below. The death of Mr. Mc- 
Cready occurred in August, 1914. 

J. Homer McCready, son of James 



1623 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Campbell and Mary (Mcintosh) Mc- 
Cready, was born February i8, 1882, in 
Columbiana county, Ohio, and received 
his education in local public and high 
schools. Choosing to devote himself to 
the profession of medicine he entered 
Jefferson Medical College, graduating in 
igo6 virith the degree of Doctor of Medi- 
cine. For one year thereafter Dr. Mc- 
Cready served as interne in the West 
Pennsylvania Hospital and then went to 
Vienna for post-graduate work, making a 
study of diseases of the ear, nose and 
throat. In 1908 he returned to Pittsburgh 
and began practice as a specialist in these 
ailments, meeting from the outset with 
favorable recognition and acquiring a 
steadily increasing clientele. Since 191 1 
he has been instructor in laryngology at 
the University of Pittsburgh, and since 
1914 has served on the staff of the Eye 
and Ear Hospital. The professional or- 
ganizations of which he is a member in- 
clude the American College of Surgeons, 
the American Laryngological, Rhinologi- 
cal and Otological Society, the American 
Academy of Ophthalmology and Laryn- 
gology, the College of Physicians, the 
American Medical Association, the Penn- 
sylvania State Medical Association and 
the Allegheny County Medical Society. 

Politically Dr. McCready is a Repub- 
lican, and has never been found wanting 
in the public spirit which has always been 
a characteristic of his family. He be- 
longs to the University Club and the Phi 
Beta Pi fraternity and is a member of the 
Sixth Presbyterian Church. 

The personality of Dr. McCready is 
that of a man of great mental activity, 
strong reasoning powers and keen per- 
ceptive faculties. His countenance bears 
the imprint of these qualities and also 
reflects that kindness of heart essential to 
the character of the true physician. He 
makes friends easily and, what is more, 
holds them long. 



Dr. McCready married, December 3, 
1912, Jean Alice, daughter of William S. 
and Emma (Chapman) Brown, of Pitts- 
burgh, and they have one son : James 
Homer, born September 20, 1913. Mrs. 
McCready, who was educated at the Na- 
tional Park Seminary, Washington, Dis- 
trict of Columbia, is a woman of culture 
and charm and Dr. McCready is never 
so contented as in those hours which the 
demands of an exacting profession permit 
him to spend in his own home. 

For nearly half a century the name 
of McCready has been associated in West- 
ern Pennsylvania with military and civic 
virtue and excellence in the medical pro- 
fession. The career of Dr. J. Homer Mc- 
Cready places the record of another suc- 
cessful physician on the pages of the 
familv annals. 



READ, Rev. James Logan, 

Clergyman, Man of Many Talents. 

The early and traditional history of the 
Read family is full of interest, dating 
back as it does to the dim ages of antiq- 
uity and the early history of the Phoe- 
nician people. The following facts have 
been well established. The family name 
first appears among the Phoenicians, be- 
ing spelled (in hieroglyphics) Raad. The 
Phoenician people were great sailors and 
explorers, and many centuries ago, a party 
of these sailed through the Mediterra- 
nean, out through the "Pillars of Her- 
cules," (Straits of Gibraltar), up the west 
coast of Spain and on up to the west coast 
of Ireland. Here they landed, crossed 
Ireland into Scotland and settled in the 
southeastern part, driving out the inhabi- 
tants. The river "Rede" in this locality 
is still so called, and remains of rude 
earthworks thrown up by this tribe are 
still visible. Being without literature or 
any system of records, it is now impos- 
sible to recognize individuals, but it is 
well established that all the Reads in 
624 




^ ^^C.UUlcxx/:^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



England came from this tribe, and all the 
Reads in America came from English 
t>tock, which makes the general chain 
quite complete. 

Sir Reginald Reed is the first mdi- 
vidual of the family of whom there is 
any account. He was distinguished in 
the Border wars, and upon the edge of 
Carterfell, a mountain between England 
and Scotland, is Reed's Square, thus 
named in honor of the knight. In the 
fifteenth century flourished Robert Reed, 
or Robin of Redesdale, as he was called. 
He was associated with the Earle of War- 
wick. This Robin was of sufficient im- 
portance to have a monument or figure of 
himself cut in high relief upon a rock ; the 
figure represents a giant in armor. 

Through Sarah Warren, wife of Wil- 
liam Read, and lineal descendant of Rich- 
ard Warren, one of the signers of the 
compact, membership with the May- 
flower Society may be claimed, a mem- 
bership which is most highly prized. 

Members of the Read family have been 
very active in the governmental afifairs of 
this nation. Many of the citizens, who, in 
the early period of this country's life de- 
voted their energies to the promotion of 
the general welfare of the people, were 
descended from this famous old family. 
George Reade, who came to Virginia in 
1637, was the great-great-grandfather of 
George Washington, the first president of 
the United States. 

For nearly half a century there were 
in Pittsburgh, few men with a more im- 
pressive personality than the late Rev. 
James Logan Read, for many years head 
of the Methodist Book Store in that city. 
As minister of the gospel, citizen and 
scholar Mr. Read exerted the most bene- 
ficent influence, and was venerated, and 
admired by all who knew him. 

Charles Read (the first), founder of 
the Pennsylvania branch of the family, 
came to America in 1678, on the ship 

16 



"Shields,"' and settled in Burlington, New 
Jersey, passing the spot on which some 
three years later the city of Philadelphia 
was founded. The descendants of Charles 
Read have constituted, for more than two 
centuries, one of the leading families of 
the Iveystone State, and have formed 
alliances with the Logans, and other dis- 
tinguished houses of colonial record. 

Charles Read (the second), son of the 
above, was councilman, alderman and 
mayor of Philadelphia, and also sheriff, 
trustee of the Loan Office, Judge of the 
Admiralty, and Provincial Councillor of 
Pennsylvania. He died in 1736. He was 
one of the owners of the Durham Fur- 
nace, now owned by Cooper, Hewitt & 
Company. 

Charles Read (the third), son of the 
above, was born at Philadelphia, in 1713. 
He was a midshipman on the British 
ship "Penzance." He was also clerk of 
Burlington, Collector of the Port, and 
clerk of the circuits. From 1747 to 1771 
lie had almost absolute control of Gov- 
ernor, Council and Assembly of the 
"Province of West Jersey," as New Jer- 
sey was then known. In 1743 he was 
made Deputy Secretary, and was some 
time third and second Chief Justice of 
the Supreme Court, and had a large law 
practice. He built the Batsto Iron 
Works and Lamberton Fisheries. He 
was made colonel of the provincial regi- 
ment raised at Burlington to oppose the 
Indians. He died in 1774. 

Charles Read (the fourth), son of the 
rbove, was born at Philadelphia about 
1740. He engaged in business, and in 
1776 was commissioned colonel of a bat- 
talion of the "Flying Camp" in New Jer- 
sey. He died in 1783. 

William Logan Read (son of the 
above), was of Philadelphia, and married 
Mary Throp, of Burlington, New Jersey. 
Their children were: Charles, who was 
killed in battle in the Seminole War; 

25 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



William, who went to West Point, and in 
1846 lost his life in the Mexican War; 
Elizabeth, born 1799; Ann, born 1805; 
and James Logan, mentioned below. It 
appears that Mr. and Mrs. Read were 
members of the Society of Friends, inas- 
much as when the latter died in Phil- 
adelphia, February 21, 18 17, aged forty 
years, she was interred in the Arch street 
Friends' burying ground. After the 
death of his wife, Mr. Read went to 
Mount Pleasant, Ohio, where he passed 
away February 26, 1820, at the age of 
forty-two. 

James Logan, son of William Logan and 
Mary (Throp) Read, was born March 
28, 1808, in Philadelphia, and was about 
nine years old when taken by his father 
to Mount Pleasant. After the death of 
his father, the boy went to Wheeling, 
West Virginia, and while still a youth 
engaged in the dry goods business, suc- 
cessfully conducting for a number of 
vears, a store in partnership with Joseph 
Morrison. 

Notwithstanding the fact that he had 
been brought up in the doctrines of the 
Friends, while in Wheeling Mr. Read was 
converted to the belief of the Methodist 
Episcopal church, and became one of its 
circuit preachers. This useful and self- 
sacrificing body of men were not then re- 
quired to pursue a special course of study 
in order to enter upon the discharge of 
their duties, and Mr. Read's ministry was 
crowned with many beneficent and most 
gratifying results. His ability and zeal 
speedily brought him into prominence 
and in 1840 he came to Pittsburgh to take 
charge of the Methodist Book Concern, a 
position for which he was exceptionally 
adapted, possessing as he did, fine busi- 
ness ability and being particularly fitted 
for affairs requiring executive and admin- 
istrative talent. Gentle and courteous, 
yet firm, courageous and honest, he com- 
bined rare diplomatic tact with strict ad- 



herence to principle and his most notable 
work was accomplished as head of this 
celebrated organization. After some 
years Mr. Read resigned his position and 
established his own independent book 
business, taking this step mainly for the 
sake of his son. After a time, however, 
the business was discontinued and Mr. 
Read devoted the remainder of his life 
to other pursuits. .A.s a citizen he was 
public-spirited, ever aiding, to the utmost 
of his power, all movements and meas- 
ures which he deemed calculated to fur- 
ther the best interests of the community, 
and no work done in the name of charity 
or religion sought his co-operation in 
vain. 

Nothing about Mr. Read was more ex- 
traordinary than the versatility of his 
talents. Although not a college graduate, 
he was a very good Greek scholar, pos- 
sessing also a knowledge of Latin and 
other languages, and at one time he pur- 
sued the study of medicine. While a 
close student and a passionate lover of 
literature, he was also a devoted seeker 
after the beauties of nature, revelling in 
the ever-varying charm of the woods and 
fields. His personal appearance was strik- 
ing. Five feet ten inches in stature, his 
snowy flowing beard and moustache ac- 
centuating strong yet sensitive features, 
gave him a patriarchal aspect which was 
increased by the white hair which crown- 
ed his noble head and lofty brow. Hi? 
dark eyes had the keenness of the ob- 
server combined with the reflectiveness 
of the scholar, and his manner was one 
of quiet dignity and winning geni-ility. 
Never did he forsake a friend, and hon- 
esty and honor were his mottoes for all 
living. He was a genial, kindly, warm- 
hearted, thoroughly well-balanced man, 
and his mind and heart were strangers 
to nothing that could interest a keen in- 
tellect, broaden the mental vision or en- 
large the range of human sympathies. 
626 




(3, >t^ ' 2y>^' 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Mr. Read married, November lo, 1831, 
in Washington, Pennsylvania, Mary Has- 
lett, daughter of James and Elizabeth 
(Reynolds) Shannon, and the following 
children were born to them : Elizabeth 
Shannon, widow of Simon Johnston, 
whose biography and portrait appear 
elsewhere in this work ; William Roszell, 
died in 1885, in Pittsburgh; Ann Eliza, 
deceased, married William McCullough, 
of Pittsburgh, also deceased, of Byers. 
McCullough & Company, iron manufac- 
turers ; James Sansom, a physician of 
Arkansas, served in the Civil War, then 
studied and practiced medicine ; Mary 
Emily, married George L. McCoy, of 
Pittsburgh, connected with the Pennsyl- 
vania Railroad ; and Charles Hamline. of 
Pittsburgh, prominent in the iron and 
steel business. Mrs. Read, a woman of 
gentle breeding and rare wifely qualities, 
was admirably fitted to be an ideal help- 
mate to a man of her husband's type, 
sympathizing with his lofty aims and 
making his home the abode of peace and 
happiness. Mr. Read was a devoted hus- 
band and father and no place was so 
dear to him as his own fireside. An ex- 
ceptionally congenial union of more than 
fifty years' duration was dissolved by the 
death of Mrs. Read, who passed away 
March 15, 1883, at her home in Pitts- 
burgh. 

The beginning of the year 1889 found 
Mr. Read, though nearing the completion 
of his eighty-first year, still vigorous in 
mind and body, and it was in the full 
tide of activity that his career was ab- 
ruptly, and as it seemed, tragically ter- 
minated. On January 9, 1889, as he was 
ascending in the elevator to his office in 
the Weldin Building, on Wood street, 
Pittsburgh, the structure was completely 
demolished, a large building in the rear 
falling upon it with crushing force. 
Among those killed was the Rev. James 
Logan Read. 



When the news spread through the 
city that this venerable man was one of 
ihe victims of the disaster, grief and 
horror were depicted on every face. The 
mourning was universal, the involuntary 
tribute of "all sorts and conditions of 
men" to the character and work of one 
who had, for more than the span of a 
generation, presented to the community 
an example of every public and private 
virtue — a scholar and a gentleman. A 
quarter of a century has elapsed since 
Pittsburgh sorrowed for this noble and 
saintly man and today she bears grateful 
testimonv that his works will follow him. 



DICKINSON. Breese Morse. M. D., 

Practitioner and Author. 

The history of the medical profes.sion 
in Pittsburgh is well-nigh coeval with 
the existence of the city and is a record 
of steady upward progress and ever-in- 
creasing renown. Its standing at the 
present day is higher than ever before 
and among its foremost representatives 
must be numbered Dr. Breese ]\Torse 
Dickinson, distinguished as a specialist in 
the treatment of diseases of the nose and 
throat. Dr. Dickinson, in addition to his 
work as a practitioner, is widely and 
favorably known as a contributor to 
medical literature. 

John Dickinson, grandfather of Breese 
Morse Dickinson, was a Virginian, of 
noted Colonial descent, and was a min- 
ister of the Methodist Episcopal church. 
He married Lucinda Nottingham, also of 
Virginia. The death of the Rev. Mr. 
Dickinson occurred about 1888. As a 
useful and earnest man of unblemished 
character he was an ornament to his 
sacred profession. 

Martin B., son of John and Lucinda 
(Nottingham) Dickinson, was born Jan- 
uary 8, 1837, near Jonesville, Virginia, 
and became a ranchman in the West, 
later engaging in business in Kansas City, 



1627 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Kansas, where he is now living in retire- 
ment. He married Carrie Finley, daugh- 
ter of James and Jane (Chamberlain) 
Twist, who were both of English descent 
and emigrated from Ireland to the United 
States, first making their home in Pitts- 
burgh and later removing to the West. 
The following children were born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Dickinson : Don P., a farmer 
of Kansas ; Breese Morse, mentioned be- 
low ; Robert Lee, died in boyhood ; Wil- 
liam Boyd, a lawyer of Kansas City, Mis- 
souri ; Ray T., a merchant of Baker, Kan- 
sas ; Cedric M., a journalist of Fort Wil- 
liam, Ontario, Canada; Rebecca, wife of 
Cornelius Mills, a contractor of Blue 
Springs, Missouri ; Eva. wife of William 
Modie; twins; Lucy; and James John, a 
nose and throat specialist of Pittsburgh, 
associated with his elder brother. 

Dr. Breese Morse Dickinson, son of 
Martin B. and Carrie Finley (Twist) 
Dickinson, was born April 4, 1871, at 
Robinson, Kansas, and received his pre- 
paratory education in the schools of his 
native town, afterward entering the LTni- 
versity of Kansas, and graduating in 
1895 with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. 
His professional training was received in 
the Medical Department of the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania, that institution con- 
ferring upon him in 1898 the degree of 
Doctor of Medicine. After spending one 
year as interne in the Mercy Hospital, 
Pittsburgh, and the Philadelphia Hos- 
pital, Philadelphia, Dr. Dickinson entered 
upon a career of general practice in East 
Liberty, a suburb of the Iron City. During 
this period he fitted himself for his pres- 
ent work as a specialist by studving in 
different cities and acquainting himself 
with the most advanced ideas in regard 
to that branch of his profession. In 1905 
he established himself as a specialist in 
the treatment of diseases of the nose and 
throat and down to the present time this 
work has continuously occupied him. He 



has acquired a large practice and is oi;e 
of the most prominent specialists of his 
class in Pittsburgh. His pen, mean- 
while, has been frequently employed in 
the cause of medical science, varioU'S ar- 
ticles of his authorship having appeared 
from time to time in the medical jour- 
nals, and he has also read before medical 
societies papers which have been received 
with distinguished approval. He is a 
member of the Academy of Medicine of 
which, in 1913, he was vice-president, and 
he also belongs to the College of Physi- 
ciars, the American College of Surgeons, 
the American Medical Association, the 
Pennsylvania State Medical Association 
and the Allegheny County Medical So- 
ciety. 

The political affiliations of Dr. Dickin- 
son are with the Republican party and as 
a Mason he affiliates with Hailman Ledge 
No. 321, of Pittsburgh. He belongs to 
the Press, University and Crystal S|)rings 
Hunting clubs and the Phi Beta Kappa 
fraternity, the members of which are se- 
lected by their respective colleges for 
their high standing. 

While the words, "a learned, aggres- 
sive and thoroughly well balanced phy- 
sician" would furnish a life-like descrip- 
tion of the personality of Dr. Dickinson 
they would fail in conveying a complete 
idea of a character as fully developed as 
his, including as it does all that consti- 
tutes what is known as an "all-round 
man." Dr. Dickinson is eminently social 
and greatly enjoys life in the open, hunt- 
ing being one of his favorite recreations. 
The glance of his eyes, his countenance, 
manner and bearing all show him to be 
the man he is. 

Before Dr. Dickinson had been many 
years a resident of Pittsburgh he added 
to the ties which already bound him to 
the city by espousing one of its fairest 
daughters — Clara, daughter of John and 
Elizabeth (Gotthart) Fite, Mr. Fite be- 
628 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ing a wholesale grocer. The marriage 
took place on March 21, 1905, and Dr. and 
Mrs. Dickinson are now the parents of 
the following children : Breese M. ; 
Dorothy ; Virginia ; ]\Iarian ; and Clara 
Fite. Dr. Dickinson and his wife occupy 
a prominent place in Pittsburgh society. 

A descendant of Virginia ancestors and 
born in the Middle West, Dr. Dickinson 
came to Pittsburgh a representative of a 
family presumably allied to one already 
famous in the annals of the Keystone 
State. For more than a century and a 
half the name of Dickinson has been as- 
sociated in Pennsylvania with traditions 
of learning, patriotism and public and 
private virtue. Dr. Dickinson has al- 
ready made it synonymous with distinc- 
tion in the medical profession and his rec- 
ord indicates that, as the years go on, 
they will bring with them steadily in- 
creasing prestige. 



RIGG, John Edwin, M. D., 

Practitioner, Public Official. 

One of the representative men of Penn- 
sylvania, both in medicine and finance, is 
Dr. John Edwin Rigg, of Wilkinsburg. 
Not only is Dr. Rigg identified with his 
home town as one of her foremost medi- 
cal practitioners, but with a number of 
her leading interests he has been officially 
and influentially associated and has thus 
done much for their promotion and de- 
velopment. 

Hijah Rigg, grandfather of John Ed- 
win Rigg, was a descendant of English 
ancestors and belonged to one of the pio- 
neer families of Washington county, 
Pennsylvania, where he resided for many 
years, much respected by the entire com- 
munity. 

Newton, son of Hijah Rigg, in his 
younger manhood worked at the carpen- 
ter's trade in Pike Run township, Wash- 
ington county, subsequently purchasing 
a farm near Scenery Hill, in the same 



county, where he engaged in agricultural 
pursuits during the remainder of his life. 
He married Margaret, daughter of Jona- 
than and Mary (Wallace) Winnett. Mr. 
Winnett was a well known farmer, promi- 
nent in the afifairs of that part of the 
state in which he resided. Mr. and Mrs. 
Rigg were the parents of the following 
children: Ella; John Edwin, mentioned 
below ; Laura, of California, Washington 
county. Pennsylvania ; and Mark A. The 
death of Mr. Rigg occurred October 19, 
1879, when he had reached the age of 
sixty-eight. He and his wife were for 
many years members of the Methodist 
Episcopal church. 

Dr. John Edwin Rigg, son of Newton 
and Margaret (Winnett) Rigg, was born 
October 13, 1S55, in Washington county, 
Pennsylvania, and until the age of four- 
teen attended the district school, at the 
same time assisting his father on the 
farm. After this he studied for a time 
with a private tutor, then took a college 
course in pharmacy and at the age of 
sixteen entered a drug store. After per- 
fecting himself in the study of pharmacy 
he became a clerk in the prescription de- 
partment, retaining the position for two 
or three years. At the end of that time 
he resigned, took a course at the Long 
Island Medical College, Brooklyn, New 
York, and in 1879 received from the Col- 
lege of Physicians and Surgeons of Bal- 
timore the degree of Doctor of Medicine. 
He subsequently took a partial course at 
Johns Hopkins University, and in the 
winter of 1885-86 took a full course at the 
Philadelphia Polyclinic. 

Ere this, however. Dr. Rigg had estab- 
lished himself as a practitioner at Ston- 
ersville, Pennsylvania, where he remain- 
ed seven years. In 1886 he went to Wil- 
kinsburg, where he rapidly came into pos- 
session of a large and lucrative clientele. 
While engaged in general practice he 
specializes in the treatment of diseases of 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the eye, ear, nose and throat, and in this 
department of his profession has met with 
marked success. 

In addition to exceptional fitness for his 
chosen work Dr. Rigg possesses uncom- 
mon talent for affairs, and this he has 
exercised, without in the least neglecting 
his professional duties, to the great bene- 
fit of his community. He was one of the 
organizers of the Wilkinsburg Electric 
Light Company, and his wise counsel and 
prudent foresight have been one main 
cause of its prosperity. Politically he is 
a staunch Republican, and has taken an 
active part in public afifairs. For a time 
he was president of the board of health, 
for two terms he served as school direc- 
tor and for three terms held the office of 
township auditor. His discharge of the 
duties of these responsible positions was 
marked by administrative ability of no 
common order. Ever ready to respond to 
any deserving call made upon him. he is 
widely but unostentatiously charitable. 
He is a Scottish Rite Mason, afifiliating 
with Orient Lodge, Free and Accepted 
Masons, and with the Valley of Pitts- 
burgh Consistory, and belongs to the Im- 
proved Order of Heptasophs, the Royal 
Arcanum and the Wilkinsburg Club. He 
is a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, and was a representative at the 
general conference held in Cleveland. In 
former years Dr. Rigg contributed vari- 
ous articles and editorials to medical jour- 
nals, but of late pressure of other matters 
has caused him to discontinue these pro- 
ductions of his pen. He belongs to the 
American Medical Association and the 
Allegheny County Medical Society. 

Public-spirited, aggressive, charitable, 
genial — these qualities combined with the 
temperaments of the student and the ex- 
ecutant in even balance, make Dr. Rigg 
what he is widely known to be, a learned 
and skillful physician and a progressive 
and enlightened man of affairs. His coun- 



tenance and bearing are expressive of his 
dominant attributes, his eyes are keen, 
kindly and deeply thoughtful and his 
manner is that of the dignified, polished 
gentleman. 

Dr. Rigg married, January i8, 1878, 
Ida Belle, daughter of John H. and Eliza 
(McDonald) Weaver, and their children 
are: Lida, married Dr. J. V. Ballytine, 
of Wilkinsburg, Pennsylvania, and has 
three children: Dorothy Virginia, John 
Edwin and James Van Horn ; Carl Haz- 
lett, born March 10, 1884, educated in 
public schools and Mercersburg Acad- 
emy; Laura Belle, married Joseph Walter 
Lewis, connected with Westinghouse In- 
terests of Pittsburgh ; Edna Winnett, 
married A. Todd Brown, of the faculty 
of State College, Pennsylvania ; and Mar- 
garet Stella, educated in music at Oberlin 
College, Ohio. Dr. Rigg, the governing 
motive of whose life is devotion to the 
ties of family and friendship, is excep- 
tionally happy in his union with a charm- 
ing and congenial woman, fitted to be at 
once his intelligent comrade and the pre- 
siding genius of his home. Both Dr. and 
Mrs. Rigg delight in the exercise of hos- 
pitality and to their rare gifts as host and 
hostess their many friends can abund- 
antly testify. 

The work of Dr. Rigg as a financier 
and the incumbent of offices of public 
trust has done much for the upbuilding 
and prosperity of his community. His 
work as a physician transcends monetary 
and political boundaries, making, as it 
does, for the relief and uplifting of hu- 
manity, and giving him a wider field of 
action. What he has accomplished in 
both spheres — that of the able medical 
practitioner and the astute man of affairs 
— has brought him the reward which he 
so richly merits and which he prizes 
above any pecuniary profit, though that, 
too, is his — the gratitude, respect and 
affection of his fellow-men. 



1630 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



NEGLEY, 

Important Family. 

The Negley family is descended from 
John Nageli, of Canton Berne, Switzer- 
land, co-temporary and fellow worker 
with Zwingli, with whom he went from 
Switzerland into Germany in the six- 
teenth century, preaching the Reforma- 
tion. The original Swiss spelling of the 
name "Nageli" still maintains with the 
Swiss branch of the family. Some slight 
variation in the spelling of the name Neg- 
ley is noticeable in early documents, as 
in most names at that time, but the pres- 
ent Anglicized form dates back more than 
a century. The Swiss name has a floral 
signification, meaning "a little pink," and 
the crest used by one branch of the Swiss 
family in modern times presents the car- 
nation as its distinguishing feature. The 
name is beloved by the Swiss, as also by 
the Germans, through their devotion to 
Hans George Nageli, Doctor of Philos- 
ophy, the illustrious composer, lecturer 
and author of valuable works on music, 
member of congress and simultaneously 
president of the Swiss Association of 
Music. He was born in the Canton 
Zurich, March 27, 1773, and died in Zu- 
rich, December 26, 1836. He is affection- 
ately known as "Fater Nageli," "Father 
of the folk songs of Switzerland," and 
founder of choral societies. A pedestal 
bust to his memory stands in the public 
park in Zurich, 

Another illustrious member of the 
Swiss family was Carl Wilhelm Nageli, 
naturalist, born in 1817, near Zurich, 
professor of botany at Zurich and later at 
Munich. He opened new fields in all 
branches of botany and was the author 
of a large number of master works on this 
science. A collection of his works, in- 
cluding many specimens, have been col- 
lected in a museum in a park in the sub- 
urbs of Zurich. A German branch of 
the family has long been identified with 
PEN— 12 163 



Heidelberg, Professor Nageli having oc- 
cupied with distinction the chair of medi- 
cine in Heidelberg University, in which 
office he succeeded his illustrious father- 
in-law, Professor Mai, a great-uncle of 
Mrs. Matthew B. Riddle, of Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania. 

(I) Jacob Negley, descendant of the 
John Negley, of Switzerland, and father 
of the founder of East Liberty, Penn- 
sylvania, now the beautiful residential 
suburb of the city of Pittsburgh, was 
born at Frankfort-on-the-Main, Ger- 
many. He and his two brothers sailed 
from Germany with their families for 
America in 1739. Jacob Negley died en 
voyage, and was buried at sea, his widow 
and three children, Alexander, Casper and 
Elizabeth, proceeding to this country, 
settled in Bucks county, Pennsylvania, 
when Alexander was but five years of 
age. 

One brother settled in Maryland, and 
the other settled on the banks of the Dela- 
ware river, and Negley's Hill, still so- 
called, within the suburban limits of Phil- 
adelphia, commemorates the family resi- 
dence there. 

(II) Alexander Negley, son of Jacob 
Negley, was born in Frankfort, Germany, 
in 1734; came to America in 1739. He 
grew to manhood in Eastern Pennsyl- 
vania, receiving a good education in the 
eastern schools of that day. It is said 
he became enamored of the West during 
his term of service in the Revolutionary 
army, and determined to make it his 
future home. Upon leaving Bucks 
county, owing to the Indian insurrection 
in the vicinity of Fort Pitt, however, he 
first located for a time on a farm between 
New Florence and Ligonier, Pennsyl- 
vania, and this property is now a portion 
of the estate of his great-grandson, James 
Ross Mellon. 

In 1762 he married Mary Ann Berk- 
stresser, and their son John was born 
I 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



within Fort Ligonier in i/jS. the family 
being in the fort at the time of his birth 
seel^ing refuge from the Indians. Later 
in the same year, 1778. with his wife and 
five children he migrated to what is now 
Allegheny county, where he settled on a 
farm of three hundred acres on the Alle- 
gheny river, the present site of Highland 
Park. Here he first built a log house. 
and later a red brick mansion, the brick 
being burned on the farm ; and beautified 
the grounds with orchards and groves. 

He was the first permanent white set- 
tler in the East Liberty Valley, and this 
vicinity was long known as Negleystown. 
He utilized Negley's Run, which took its 
name from him by erecting a grist mill 
and a fulling mill for the cleaning of 
wool. He purchased a farm for each of 
l;is children. He served his country in 
the Revolutionary War, the Government 
records showing that Alexander Negley 
v/as a member of Captain Samuel Moor- 
head's Independent Company of Pennsyl- 
vania Troops, which was annexed to the 
Eighth Pennsylvania Regiment, October 
9, 1779, and his naxne is on the list of the 
men of that company present in Pitts- 
burgh, June 15, 1777. His name also ap- 
pears on the petition presented to the 
Legislature, February 15, 1787, for the 
erection of Allegheny county. 

True to his ancestral blood, Alexander 
Negley was ever loyal to his Christian 
faith, and proved himself the strong sup- 
porter of the renowned Rev. John Wil- 
liam Weber, who accomplished so much 
at an early day in establishing German 
Reformed churches through Western 
Pennsylvania. Mr. Negley was one of 
forty-two men whose names are recorded 
as the founders of the first church organ- 
ization in Pittsburgh, that of the First 
German United Evangelical Protestant 
Congregation at Smithfield street and 
Sixth avenue, the land for that purpose 
being conveyed from William Penn the 



younger and William Penn the elder for 
the sum of five s'hillings, June 18, 1788, 
property now worth more than a million. 
In these early days the country was wild, 
Indians roaming about, and the roads bad 
in winter time, so that for the people of 
Negleystown to attend church service at 
such a distance was difScult. For this 
reason Alexander Negley had a preacher, 
usually Mr. Weber, come and hold re- 
ligious services at his home, now High- 
land Park, about once a month, for his 
own family and neighbors. It was at one 
of these services, in 1790, that his son 
Jacob first observed and became enam- 
ored of his future wife, Barbara Anna 
Winebiddle, who was then but tvv^elve 
years of age. About five years later, June 
19, 1795, they were married. 

Alexander Negley was personally a 
man of noble character and ideals, as well 
as superior judgment and foresight. He 
died November 3, 1809, aged seventy-five 
years, leaving his noble widow and eight 
surviving children, three having died in 
childhood. Mrs. Negley died in 1829. 
They were both buried on the home farm, 
as were about fifty of their neighbors and 
some members of their family. The cen- 
ter of this old private burial ground is 
marked by a beautiful granite monument 
to the memory of these noble pioneers, 
and, surrounded by a railing, is known in 
Highland Park as Negley Circle. Their 
children were: i. Felix, born September 
22, 1764, died April 19, 1836. 2. Jacob, 
born August 28, 1766, died March 18. 
1826. 3. Peter, died in infancy, 1768. 4. 
Elizabeth, born February 15, 1772, died 
November 15, 1855 ; she married John 
Powell and was the mother of eight chil- 
dren. 5. Peter, born February 6, 1774, 
died 1791. 6. Margaret, born June 10, 
1776, died March 11, 1857; married Phil- 
lip Burtner, and they had ten children. 
7. John, born April 6, 1778, died August 
II, 1870. 8. Alexander, born August i. 



1632 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



17S1, died August 2, 1807. 9. Casper, 
born March 17, 1784, died May 23, 1877. 

10. Mary Ann, born August 20, 1786, 
died December 4, 1833; married Samuel 
Byington, and they had four children. 

11. Henry, born October 20, 1790, died 
1791. 

(HI) Jacob Negley, Sr., who laid out 
East Liberty, and for whom the avenue 
on which he resided is named, was the 
second son of Alexander Negley, Sr., and 
was born August 28, 1766, in Bucks 
county, Pennsylvania, coming with his 
parents to East Liberty in 1778, when 
but twelve years of age. His descend- 
ants have to a greater extent than any 
other branch of Alexander Negley's fam- 
ily remained in Pittsburgh, where many 
of them have proven themselves impor- 
tant factors, especially so in the molding 
of the religious and educational life of the 
city. In addition to the property in^ 
herited from his father, Jacob Negley 
purchased large tracts of land, his hold- 
ings comprising about fifteen hundred 
acres, on which he laid out a town at the 
junction of the Pittsburgh and Greens- 
burg turnpike and Frankstown road, long 
known as Negleystown, afterward called 
East Liberty. He continued to operate 
his father's mills. His great landed in- 
terests, to which were added his wife's 
large real estate holdings, together with 
superior judgment and acumen, made 
him a recognized power of his day in 
Western Pennsylvania. In 1816 Mr. Neg- 
ley erected the first steam flouring mill 
west of the Allegheny mountains, for at 
this early date milling throughout the 
country was done by rudely constructed 
mills on small streams, which became dry 
and the mill stood idle throughout the 
summer, causing great inconvenience and 
sometimes partial famine. The cost of 
the mill was great, as the machinery had 
to be brought over the mountains by 
wagons from Philadelphia. 



Mr. Negley was a civil engmeer and a 
manager of the Pittsburgh & Greensburg 
Turnpike Company. His appreciation of 
the future importance of Pittsburgh is 
shown in the fact that he laid out Penn 
avenue one hundred feet wide as far as 
it passed through his own and his wife's 
domains, which is now the business cen- 
ter of East Liberty. He endeavored to 
have that width continue into the city, 
but was unable to convince the other 
property holders of the wisdom of his 
proposition. He was a director of the 
Farmers' and Mechanics' Bank of Pitts- 
burgh, in early days located on Third 
street, between Market and Wood streets. 

June 19, 1795, Jacob Negley married 
Barbara Anna, daughter of John Conrad 
Winebiddle. (For Winebiddle ancestry 
see biography of William Penn Baum). 

In 1808 he built what was then regard- 
ed as the finest residence west of the 
Allegheny mountains, a large red brick 
edifice known as the Negley Mansion, at 
the intersection of what is now North 
Negley and Stanton avenues, the brick 
being made on the grounds. This build- 
ing was removed only about a decade ago 
to make way for modern improvements. 
Mr. Negley located Negley avenue in a 
direct southern line from his front door 
to the Pittsburgh and Greensburg turn- 
pike. He planted fruit trees and had 
about a hundred acres around his home 
under fine cultivation. 

These hardy pioneers heartily appre- 
ciated the necessity for providing re- 
ligious and educational advantages for 
their children. In the early part of the 
nineteenth century, some years previous 
to 1819, Jacob Negley built a comfortable 
frame school house of good dimensions 
on the site of the present East Liberty 
Presbyterian Church edifice, on what is 
now the corner of Penn and South High- 
land avenues, to provide educational 
facilities for his own children and the 

633 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



youth of the growing neighborhood. For 
years previous to 1819 religious services 
■were held in this school house, also in 
the spacious parlors of the Negley Man- 
sion, virhere he had a portable pulpit 
erected, and some of the children vi^ere 
baptized. In the year 1819 the school 
house gave v^ay to a church building, the 
first in the East Liberty Valley on the 
same site, erected upon a lot containing 
one and one-half acres of ground, which 
Mrs. Barbara Anna Negley conveyed to 
certain persons to be held in trust for the 
East Liberty congregation, the property 
being a portion of her paternal inherit- 
ance, which has ever since been conse- 
crated ground. Mr. and Mrs. Negley 
contributed largely to the building fund, 
as the old record specifies "of building a 
school and Meeting house, said Meeting 
house to be for the use of the Presby- 
terian Congregation, called the East Lib- 
erty Congregation." This conveyance 
bears date April 12, 1819, and it has been 
stated on reliable authority that at that 
time the houses in Pittsburgh numbered 
but a little over fourteen hundred all told, 
and that its population scarcely exceeded 
seven thousand souls. The first church 
building on this sacred site was of brick, 
forty-four feet square, with one corner 
toward the Greensburg turnpike, now 
Penn avenue. The pulpit occupied one 
corner. The first Sabbath school was 
organized with two teachers and nine 
pupils. The formal organization was not 
effected until Sabbath, September 28, 
1828. When the petition was presented 
to the Presbytery for a church organiza- 
tion in East Liberty, spirited opposition 
was encountered from the representatives 
of Beulah Church, who regarded it as a 
serious infringement upon their congre- 
gational boundaries. In 1847, when the 
congregation were about to erect the sec- 
ond house of worship, also a building 
called the lecture room in which Mr. 



Moore's academy held its sessions, Mrs. 
Negley added another piece of property 
eastward of her former gift, which proved 
a wise addition. In 1864 the third church 
building became necessary, and in 1887 
the present spacious structure was erect- 
ed on the same sacred site, and the East 
Liberty Presbyterian Church has been 
the mother church of the Presbyterian 
churches in this vicinity. 

Jacob Negley, Sr., died March 18, 1826. 
His wife, Barbara Anna Winebiddle, was 
born in Pittsburgh, September 15, 1778, 
and died May 10, 1867. During the forty- 
one years of her widowhood, as well as 
in earlier life, Mrs. Negley proved her- 
self a woman of rare graces of character, 
as well as superior executive ability, ever 
in touch with any movement for the wel- 
fare of the community. Her latest gift 
to the church she so dearly loved was the 
melodious bell which still summons to 
worship, and whose first peals sounded 
her requiem, as the funeral procession 
wended its way to the Negley family lot 
in the beautiful Allegheny Cemetery, 
where she and her husband and their 
twelve children are interred. 

These noble pioneers and their co-lab- 
orers who bravely endured hardships in 
their faithful struggles to erect a solid 
foundation built on the rock of Christian 
faith and effort for the superstructure of 
social, educational, industrial and re- 
ligious life which we now enjoy are 
worthy of our highest esteem. 

The children born to Jacob and Bar- 
bara Anna Negley were: i. John, born 
June 28, 1796, died February 20, 1802. 2. 
Elizabeth, born June 23, 1798, died No- 
vember II, 1799. 3. Jacob, Jr., born Feb- 
ruary 16, 1800, died January 30, 1830. 4. 
Daniel, born April 10, 1802, died Decem- 
ber 4, 1867. 5. Mary Ann, born October 
4, 1805, died in October, 1829; married 
Daniel Berlin and had two children, one 
dying in infancy. 6. George Gibson, born 

634 




i>C^J^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



April 27, 1808, died March 26, 1884. 7. 
Catharine R., born February 13, 1810, 
died August 11, 1897. 8. Margaret, born 
February 7, 1812, died May 3, 1815. 9. 
William, born June 25, 1814, died Sep- 
tember 14, 1816. ID. Sarah Jane, born 
February 3, 1817; married Judge Thomas 
Mellon (see Mellon biography). She 
died January 19, 1909. 11. Alexander, 
born March 2, 1819, died February 12, 
1864. 12. Isabella M., born October 25, 
1 82 1, died March 3, 1849; married Rich- 
ard C. Beatty, M. D. ; they had three chil- 
dren. 

(IV) George Gibson Negley, son of 
Jacob and Barbara Anna (Winebiddle) 
Negley, was born April 27, 1808, at the 
Negley home. North Negley and Stanton 
avenues. He was educated in the private 
schools of Pittsburgh, and while the 
schools and academies of that day did not 
afiford the elaborate curriculum of a later 
era, yet they provided excellent instruc- 
tion in the essentials of a good education. 
Composition and penmanship were given 
important consideration, hence the dig- 
nified style of letters and documents of 
that period. Some of Mr. Negley's let- 
ters, which have been preserved, form a 
striking illustration of this fact, the 
choice diction and manner of address giv- 
ing a dignity to the correspondence which 
is too often lacking at the present day. 
The neatness and lucidity of his business 
documents also show the impress of this 
early training. His father died when 
George was not quite eighteen years of 
age, he being the eldest unmarried son at 
this time. After his father's death his 
health became impaired, and it was neces- 
sary for him to seek a less rigorous 
climate. He vv^ent South for a short time, 
locating in Milledgeville, Georgia, where 
he taught a private school, remaining 
until his health was entirely restored, 
when he returned to be the counsellor 
and main stay of his widowed mother. 

I 



Mr. Negley engaged in business with 
his brother Daniel, and for some years 
they were the leading merchants of the 
East Liberty district, conducting the 
present-day department store in embryo 
on Penn avenue. George Negley later 
withdrew from the firm, and devoted his 
time to the management of his own large 
real estate interests, and as the efficient 
assistant of his mother in the manage- 
ment of her finances. Mr. Negley, 
throughout the seventy-five years of his 
useful life, was closely identified with the 
growth and advancement of his native 
city, but the East Liberty district, settled 
by his ancestors, and the scene of his own 
boyhood days, as well as later life, always 
claimed a special share of his loyal inter- 
est and labors. 

Mr. Negley inherited large tracts of 
land in the East End, Pittsburgh, and, 
owing to his wide experience along these 
lines, he was recognized as an authority 
on real estate values, and his superior 
judgment and counsel were ever in de- 
mand by civic authorities as well as pri- 
vate individuals. While his father, as a 
civil engineer, originally laid out the 
town of East Liberty, George G. Negley 
laid out and named many of the later 
streets. As a director in the old Birming- 
ham Street Railway, he took an active 
part in advancing transportation facili- 
ties. His innate love of horticultural and 
agricultural pursuits made him a potent 
factor in the work of the Allegheny 
County Agricultural Society, of which he 
was a leading director, and he gave 
stimulus to the annual exhibits by con- 
tributing the finest specimens from his 
own private gardens, which frequently 
took first rank. 

On Highland avenue, two squares 
north of Penn avenue, Mr. Negley's 
homestead, "Rural Home," was located, 
which long stood as a landmark in the 
East End. The mansion was a spacious 

635 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



structure built after a modified Colonial 
style of architecture, and was most beau- 
tifully placed in a picturesque setting of 
more than seven acres of finely cultivated 
grounds. When clad in summer verdure, 
the green lawns, wide-spreading shade 
and fruit trees, the long driveways and 
flower gardens, planted with exquisite 
taste from Mr. Negley's private conserva- 
tory, made the place one of the most 
strikingly beautiful and attractive in 
Pittsburgh, a love of floral culture being 
a characteristic taste in the Negley fam- 
ily. In the early days Rural avenue was 
a private driveway to "Rural Home," and 
when it was opened to the public Mr. 
Negley deferred the naming of the new 
street to his wife, Mrs. Eliza Johnson 
Negley, who named it Rural avenue in 
honor of the old homestead, which name 
it still retains. In the march of time the 
house has been removed and the property 
divided into building lots, two churches 
and many dwellings occupying the old 
site. 

As one of the early stockholders and a 
member of the board of directors of the 
City Deposit Bank, the first institution 
of the kind in East Liberty, Mr. Negley 
helped to build up a sound banking sys- 
tem. 

He was a firm Abolitionist, and an 
ardent supporter of the Union. Even be- 
fore the Civil War opened, not a few op- 
pressed slaves were assisted to freedom 
from cruel taskmasters by his kindliness 
and generosity. During the war, in his 
unostentatious way, he personally re- 
lieved much destitution in families of 
those whose bread-winners had gone to 
the front. After the war he gave sub- 
stantial assistance toward the building of 
a house of worship for the negroes in the 
East End, a church organization which 
still continues. When Pittsburgh did 
honor to the good and great President 
Lincoln, Mr. Negley was a member of 



the reception committee appointed to re- 
ceive and honor him, who later became 
our Martyr-President. 

Although Mr. Negley's own children 
were educated almost entirely at private 
schools, yet no man of his day did more 
to establish and advance in efficiency the 
public school system of the East End. He 
was an energetic promoter and director 
in the township schools of the old nine- 
teenth ward, when the district was known 
as "Collins Independent School District," 
previous to annexation to the city. He 
was also a member of the board of direc- 
tors after annexation to the city, and ren- 
dered most efficient service. He made a 
point of keeping in personal touch with 
the nature of the work being done In the 
school. 

Identified from his youth with the East 
Liberty Presbyterian Church, founded 
by his parents in all its varied activi- 
ties, Mr. Negley was during many years 
of his life an honored officeholder and 
contributed by personal work and of his 
means to the building up not only of that 
church, but, like his ancestors, to the 
establishment of a Christian community 
where family life may enjoy the safe- 
guards of spiritual and intellectual cul- 
ture. 

George G. Negley was a "gentleman of 
the old school," genial, kindly and un- 
selfish in disposition, devoted to his fam- 
ily and home life, faithful to his friends, 
true to his country, dignified and retiring 
m manner, generous and sincere. While 
he gave liberally of his time and means 
to advance the public welfare, he was not 
solicitous of public office or preferment. 
Possessed of deep piety and a tender con- 
science, he held a pure and lofty stand- 
ard of Christian living, not only adhering 
to the letter of the law, but recognizing 
the higher Christian ethics of the Master, 
and His sermon on the mount. True to 
his ancestral blood, he left the impress of 



1636 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



his sterling- integrity and wise judgment 
on the life of Pittsburgh. 

Mr. Negley was twice married. Octo- 
ber 25, 1832, he married Miss Eleanor 
Boyd, daughter of Rev. Abraham Boyd, 
of Tarentum, Pennsylvania, born Janu- 
ary 5, 1807, died May 10, 1854. By this 
union there were the following children : 
I. Jacob B. 2. William Mcllvaine. 3. 
Olive X.. died in childhood. 4. Henry 
Hillis. 5. Theodore Shields. 6. Mary E. 
February 21, 1856, iNIr. Negley married 
Miss Eliza J. Johnson, a resident of the 
North Side, Pittsburgh. The following 
children represent this union: i. Sarah J. 
jMellon. 2. Anna Barbara, who married 
Joseph K. Brick, of Philadelphia. 3. M. 
Alice. 4. Georgina G. 5. Alexander 
Johnson. Mrs. Negley was a woman of 
most attractive personality, of rare graces 
of manner and beauty of character, who 



Oliver Cameron, a minister and author 
of numerous religious works, of Bush 
Mills, County Antrim, Ireland. She was 
also a cousin of the revered Dr. John 
Boyd, M. P., of Dunduan House, County 
Londonderry, who, for many years, until 
his death, January 2, 1862, represented in 
the Imperial Parliament the borough of 
Coleraine, where, after half a century, his 
memory is still fragrant. Mrs. Negley 
died May 12, 1883. Mr. Negley died 
^larch 26, 1884. 

Jacob B. Negley, eldest son of George 
G. Negley, was born September 30, 1833, 
died January 15, 1898. He graduated 
from Jefferson College, Canonsburg, 
Pennsylvania. He was engaged in the 
banking business in ?\Iuscatine, Iowa, for 
a number of years, returning in 1874 to 
his native city, he became cashier of the 
City Deposit Bank, where he rendered 



shared with her husband his noble ideals efficient service for many years. He was 

of life. She was born in Coleraine, County an active member of the East Liberty 

Antrim, Ireland, March 25, 1S35, the Presbyterian Church. In June, 1874, he 

daughter of James and Sallie Boyd John- married Cynthia Trull. She died May 12, 

son, the descendant of Scotch-Irish cove- 1901. 

nanters. Her father was a grandson of William Mcllvaine Negley, son of 
Rev. Patton, D. D., of Edinburgh, Scot- George G. Negley, is a graduate of the 
land. Mr. Johnson was a man of fine old Saltsburg Academy, Saltsburg, Penn- 
qualities of head and heart, a civil engi- sylvania. He was for manv years con- 
neer. and a brother of Dr. David John- nected with the coal interests of Pitts- 
son, of Glasgow, Scotland, an eminent burgh. During the Civil War he joined 



physician and surgeon of his day. On 
the sudden death of her father, in Airs. 
Negley's childhood, her mother's deep 
grief prompted her to seek a change of 
environment, and having relatives in 
Philadelphia and Pittsburgh, who urged 
her to come to America, she consented to 
do so, and left the beautiful ancestral 
home, which is still standing, its sloping 
terraces extending down to the pictur- 
esque River Bann. She located on the 



the Fifteenth Regiment, National Guard 
of Pennsylvania, mustered into L'nited 
States service under command of Dr. A. 
H. Gross, for a short time. He is now 
a member of Alexander Plays Post, No. 
3 ; an active member of the Fourth United 
Presbyterian Church ; married Isabella 
Douglass, September 28, 1S65 ! she died 
August 16, 1914; they had eight children: 
Anna B., Sadie Bell; William Douglass; 
George Gibson ; Eleanor Johnson, all de- 



North Side, Pittsburgh, where she lived ceased; Harvey B., mechanical drafts- 
until her death, April 12, 1856. Mrs. man; Walter, died in infancy; Oliver 
Johnson was the granddaughter of Rev. James, associated for some years past 

1637 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



with the Atlantic Coast Line railroad. 
The two surviving sons reside with their 
father in Pittsburgh. 

Henry Hillis Negley, son of George G. 
Negley, was born in East Liberty, Penn- 
sylvania, June 29, 1843, died May 7, 1912. 
He was educated in private schools and 
Moore's Academy, after which he entered 
the Pennsylvania State College, being a 
member of the class of 1862, which dis- 
banded shortly before graduation in re- 
sponse to Lincoln's call for volunteers 
At the time of the building of the Davis 
Island dam, over the Ohio river, Mr. 
Negley was associated with Captain Ma- 
han, and rendered efficient assistance in 
that work. For the last two decades of 
his life, he gave his attention largely to 
real estate investment, and was consid- 
ered an authority on real estate values in 
Pittsburgh. He was a life member and 
director of the Pittsburgh Board of 
Trade, ever taking a deep interest in the 
upbuilding and efficiency of this organ- 
ization, where he served in various official 
capacities. Mr. Negley was a member of 
the board of directors of the Oakdale 
Boys' Home and of the Allegheny Ceme- 
tery. He was an active member of the 
Botanical Society, and was especially in- 
terested in the private culture of rare 
orchids. He was for many years a mem- 
ber of the Civic Club of Pittsburgh and 
was ever ready to assist in the advance- 
ment of civic interests. He was a mem- 
ber of the East Liberty Presbyterian 
Church, founded by his grandparents, and 
for twenty-one years served on the board 
of trustees of that church, and for nine- 
teen years as president of the board. He 
proved himself capable as a teacher of 
young men in the Sunday school, and 
was a charter member of the Young 
Men's Christian Association of East Lib- 
erty. Mr. Negley was a man of genial 
sympathies, generous but retiring dispo- 
sition, quite an extensive traveler, yet 



fond of home life. November 9, 1897, he 
married Miss Margaret Johnson, daugh- 
ter of Mr. and Mrs. James Johnson, de- 
ceased. Mr. Negley died May 7, 1912. 
His widow still survives and occupies the 
homestead at North Negley avenue. 

Rev. Theodore S. Negley, son of George 
G. Negley, born June 17, 1846, died May 
18, igii. Graduated from Princeton Uni- 
versity in 1873, 3^"d from Princeton Semi- 
nary in 1876. His first pastorate was 
that of the East Brady (Pennsylvania) 
Presbyterian Church, followed by a pas- 
torate in the Presbyterian church of Wil- 
cox, Pennsylvania. For twenty-two years 
he was the beloved and efficient pastor of 
the historic Little Redstone Presbyterian 
Church of I'ayette county, Pennsylvania, 
which during his pastorate celebrated 
the centennial of its organization, and 
from which he retired owing to failing 
health only a few weeks before he entered 
into rest. For many years he served as 
stated clerk of his presbytery, and was 
much beloved by his fellow pastors. Oc- 
tober 25, 1876, he married Susan C. Todd, 
of Stamford, Connecticut. They had 
three children : Mary Hunter, deceased ; 
George D., who married Angeline Wal- 
lace, of Chicago, January 25, 191 1, they 
had one child, George D.. Jr., who died 
in infancy; Jeanette B., resides with her 
mother in Belle Vernon, Pennsylvania. 

Mary E., eldest daughter of George G. 
Negley, was educated at private schools 
and the Pittsburgh Female College. Her 
useful life was lived in Pittsburgh, where 
she died December 22, 1894. 

Sarah J. Mellon, daughter of George G. 
Negley, graduated from Vassar College, 
Poughkeepsie, New York. For some 
years after her graduation she occupied 
the chair of Belles Lettres at the Penn- 
sylvania College for Women with effi- 
ciency and honor. She resides at the 
family home. North Negley avenue, Pitts- 
burgh. 
638 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Anna Barbara Negley, daughter of 
George G. Negley, was educated at pri- 
vate schools and the Pennsylvania Col- 
lege for Women. October i6, 1879, she 
married Joseph K. Brick, of Philadelphia, 
and spent the remainder of her useful 
life as a resident of that city, where she 
was an active and efificient member of 
the West Walnut Street Presbyterian 
Church. Mrs. Brick died June 22, 1909. 
Her husband, Joseph K. Brick, died July 
16, 1912. 

M. Alice Negley, daughter of George 
G. Negley, was educated at private 
schools and the Pennsylvania College for 
Women. She resides at the family home. 
North Negley avenue, Pittsburgh. 

Georgina G. Negley, daughter of George 
G. Negley, is a graduate of the Pennsyl- 
vania College for Women. She resides 
at the family home, North Negley ave- 
nue, Pittsburgh. 

Alexander Johnson Negley, youngest 
son of George G. Negley, represents the 
fourth generation of the historic name of 
the first white settler in the East Libertv 
valley. Mr. Negley was educated at pri- 
vate schools, the Newell Institute and 
University of Pittsburgh. He was for 
many years identified with the banking 
interests of his native city, first with the 
City Deposit Bank and later with the 
Bank of Commerce, since merged with 
the Mellon National Bank. He was after- 
ward engaged in the development of lum- 
ber and mining interests in the West. 
Among other things Mr. Negley's culti- 
vated taste is manifested in his love of 
nature and private orchid culture. Octo- 
ber 12, 1S93, he married Elizabeth Gray- 
son Wishart, daughter of Dr. John W. 
and Mary (McClurg) Wishart, deceased. 
They reside at the family home. North 
Negley avenue, Pittsburgh. 

(V) Major-General James Scott Neg- 
ley, son of Jacob Negley, Jr., and Mary 
Ann Scott, and nephew of George G. 



Negley, was for many years a conspicu- 
ous personage in the history of Pitts- 
burgh. He had an enviable record for 
heroism in both the war with Mexico and 
the Civil War and was promoted to the 
rank of Major-General after the battle of 
Stone river. He was born December 22, 
1826, at East Liberty, Pennsylvania, and 
was educated at the public schools and at 
the Western University of Pennsylvania, 
but before his graduation he enlisted in 
the Duquesne Grays, which organization 
became a part of the First Pennsylvania 
Regiment. He participated in the siege 
of Vera Cruz and battles of Cerro Gordo, 
La Perote and Las Vegas, and was at the 
siege of Puebla. After this war ended he 
returned to Pittsburgh and for a time en- 
gaged in manufacturing pursuits, but 
soon began farming and horticulture. He 
became one of the most skilled horticul- 
turists in the whole country. While thus 
engaged, and prior to the Civil War, he 
took a deep interest in the military mat- 
ters of his State, and was chosen briga- 
dier-general of the Eighteenth Division 
of the .State militia. Foreseeing the civil 
conflict coming on, he as early as Decem- 
ber, i860, made formal offer of an organ- 
ized brigade to the Governor of Pennsyl- 
vania, but it was not until the President's 
first call for troops, April 17, i86r, that 
authority was given him, after having 
been summoned to Ilarrisburg by the 
Governor, to recruit and organize volun- 
teers. He was mustered in as brigadier- 
general of volunteers and placed in com- 
mand of the State encampment at Lan- 
caster. General Patterson chose him to 
lead one of his brigades in the Shenan- 
doah campaign during the early part of 
the rebellion. He was prominent at the 
engagement at Falling Waters, Virginia, 
and after his three months' term had ex- 
pired he was placed in command of the 
volunteer camp at Harrisburg and later, 
with his brigade, joined General Sher- 



1639 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



man's command in Kentucky. Under 
General Rosecrans, General Negley be- 
came quite prominent again in the opera- 
tions of the Tennessee campaign. He led 
the forces against Morgan's command at 
Shelby ville; was at the battle of La- 
vergne, October 7, 1S62, and defeated the 
Confederates under Anderson and For- 
rest. At the battle of Stone river, in 
front of Murfreesboro, he commanded the 
Eighth Division, Fourteenth Army Corps, 
and throughout that never-to-be-forgotten 
campaign performed heroic services of 
which the government was not unmind- 
ful. He drove Breckenridge from the in- 
trenchments and insured final success to 
the Union army. For this valor and gal- 
lantry in this signal victory, he was pro- 
moted to the rank of major-general of 
volunteers. He led the advance at Look- 
out Mountain and drove the enemy from 
its position and skillfully saved General 
Thomas' corps from an overwhelming de- 
feat at Davis' Cross Roads. At Chicka- 
mauga, Rossville and Chattanooga his 
services make for him, indeed, a proud 
record. 

Soon after the latter engagement Gen- 
eral Negley resigned, took leave of his 
command and returned to Pennsylvania. 
In 1868 he took an active part in politics 
and was in the campaign of "Grant, Col- 
fax and Peace," and elected to a seat in 
the Forty-first Congress from the Twenty- 
second Congressional District of Penn- 
sylvania, by almost five thousand major- 
ity. He was reelected to the Forty-second 
and Forty-third Congresses, and again in 
1874 was elected to Congress as well as 
to the Fort}f-ninth Congress, after which 
he retired, and in New York City em- 
barked in railroad enterprises. While in 
Congress he conceived the idea of making 
Pittsburgh a deep water harbor and ob- 
tained the first appropriation for this pur- 
pose. He also aided Ohio river and other 
river and harbor enterprises. He was 



largely interested in Mexican railway 
building. At one time he was president 
of the Union National League of Amer- 
ica; member of the Grand Army of the 
Republic ; Scott Legion ; Masonic frater- 
nity ; National Board of Steam Naviga- 
tion ; Shipping League, etc., holding offi- 
cial places in all. Pittsburgh will long 
remember his work in securing the ap- 
propriation for the Davis Island Dam. 

General Negley was twice married. In 
1848 to Miss Kate Losey, by whom he 
had three sons, Clififord, James S. and 
George — all deceased. By his second 
marriage, to Miss Grace Ashton, he had 
three daughters : Grace, who married 
Enoch Farson. They have two sons and 
reside at West Chester, Pennsylvania. 
Edith and Mabel, who reside with their 
mother in New York. General Negley 
died August 7, 1901, and was laid to rest 
in the Negley family lot in Allegheny 
Cemetery with military honors. 



BAUM, William Penn, 

Merchant, Financier. 

In Pittsburgh were the seats of the 
mighty long before the inception of the 
empire of steel, and of the sturdy pioneers 
who in those early days amassed wealth, 
and in doing so laid deep and sure the 
foundations of the city of the present 
time, none appears to our retrospective 
vision with a more masterful and im- 
pressive aspect than does the late Wil- 
liam Penn Baum, for many years a domi- 
nant figure in the mercantile and financial 
circles of the Iron City, and a power in 
the political world as one of the heroic 
champions of an unpopular cause. 

Christian Baum, father of William 
Penn Baum, was a native of Lancaster 
county, Pennsylvania, and served in the 
patriot army of the Revolution, as did also 
his father. After the termination of the 
struggle for independence. Christian 
Baum became a contractor and builder 
640 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAl'HY 



in Baltimore, conducting a flourisliing 
business. He married Margaret Darr, a 
native of Virginia, and several children 
were born to^ them. Their descendants 
are now numbered among the most dis- 
tinguished and influential members of 
the commonwealth. 

William Penn, son of Christian and 
Margaret (Darr) Baum, was born June 
6, 1800, in Baltimore, ^Maryland, and at 
the age of twelve years came to Pitts- 
burgh with a friend of his father, Charles 
Volz, one of the leading citizens of that 
early period. The boy remained with Air. 
Volz for a number of years, working in 
his protector's office during the day, and 
in the evening attending night school. 
He early developed the business ability 
for which in later years he became so dis- 
tinguished, and on reaching man's estate 
engaged in a manufacturing enterprise on 
Wood street. After this initiatory ex- 
perience, Mr. Baum engaged in the busi- 
ness with which his name was destined 
to be associated during the remainder of 
his life, becoming a toy merchant on an 
extensive scale. During all these years 
his place of business was situated on 
Sixth street. Always conspicuous for in- 
dustry, energy, courage and fidelity to 
principle, he displayed also the power of 
organization and remarkably good busi- 
ness judgment. In the commercial aflfairs 
of the city he was extremely active, being 
a director in the Merchants' and Manu- 
facturers' National Bank from its organ- 
ization until his death. To his associates 
Mr. Baum showed a genial, kindly, 
humorous side of his nature which made 
their business relations most enjoyable, 
while his justice and consideration toward 
his employes were beyond all praise, and 
elicited their most loyal service and 
hearty co-operation. 

As a citizen with exalted ideas of good 
government and civic virtue, Mr. Baum 
stood in the front rank, while, as a man 



of action rather than words, he demon- 
strated his public spirit by actual achieve- 
ments that advanced the prosperity and 
wealth of the community. To whatever 
he undertook he gave his whole soul, al- 
lowing none of the many interests in- 
trusted to his care to suffer for want of 
close and able attention and industry. 
Ever ready to respond to any deserving 
call made upon him, the full number of 
his benefactions will, in all probability, 
never be known, for he delighted to give 
in such a manner that few were aware of 
it. He was active in the formation of 
the Republican party, to which he ad- 
hered during the remainder of his life, 
and his name is entitled to imperishable 
honor bv reason of the fact that he was 
an ardent Abolitionist at a time when to 
be so involved political obloquy and social 
ostracism. He was one of the founders 
of the East End Calvary Protestant Epis- 
copal Church, in which he served as a 
vestryman. 

Personally, Mr. Baum was a man who 
drew men to him. His great strength of 
character and tenacity of purpose were 
manifest both in countenance and bear- 
ing, while at the same time there was a 
geniality in face and manner which at- 
tracted all who approached him. An af- 
fectionate and loyal friend, few men have 
been more deeply revered and loved. 

Mr. Baum married. May 10, 1832, Re- 
becca, daughter of John and Kitty (Wine- 
biddle) Roup, and they became the par- 
ents of the following children, all of 
whom were born on the old Roup home- 
stead, which had been the birthplace of 
their mother: i. John Roup, born No- 
vember 8, 1833, died February 8, 1906. 2. 
Charles Volz, born August 12, 1835, died 
February 23, 1900. 3. Kitty Winebiddle. 
born August 3. 1837, died June 15, 1840. 
4. Frederick Konig, born September 4, 
1839, died March 25, 1909. 5. Henry 
Schwoeppe, born July 5, 1841, died Janu- 



1641 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ary 24, 1914. 6. Jonas Horr, born Janu- 
ary 5, 1844. 7- Kate Johnston, born No- 
vember 25, 1845, married Dr. G. M Shil- 
lito. 8. Richard Beatty, born January 28, 
1848. 9. James Negley, born February 6, 
1850, died April 7, 1909. 10. William 
Winebiddle, born April 10, 1852. 11. Ger- 
trude Roup, born April 14, 1854, died 
1855. 12. George R. White, born Decem- 
ber 7, 1856. 

While deriving great pleasure from 
the management of extensive interests, 
Mr. Baum was essentially a lover of home 
and family, and his domestic life was one 
of rare beauty and serenity. Never was 
he so happy as when surrounded by his 
family and friends. 

On January 30, 1867, while still in the 
full maturity of his powers, this noble 
and lovable man passed away, leaving the 
record of a singularly well-rounded life 
and a name that has ever stood as a 
synonym for all that is enterprising in 
business and progressive in citizenship. 
Simple, true, unassuming and strong in 
all that constitutes ideal manliness, he 
stood for many years before the com- 
munity as an example of every public and 
private virtue. 

The Pittsburgh of to-day, sitting regal- 
ly on her seventeen hills, looks back with 
pride and gratitude to the time when the 
foundations of her greatness were laid 
deep and sure by merchants and manu- 
facturers of the type of William Penn 
Baum, one of the strongest of the strong 
men of the Old City. 

(The Roup Line^. 

Jonas Roup was born. October 26, 1760, 
in Strausburg, Lancaster county, Penn- 
sylvania. He came to Pittsburgh in 1800, 
and later became the owner of an iron 
foundry and a maple sugar farm. He 
married, September 14, 1782, in Lancaster 
county, Ablonia Horr, born in Germany 
in 1759, died March 12, 1837, in Pitts- 

164 



burgh. Children of Jonas and Ablonia 
(Horr) Roup: i. John Roup, born June 
14, 1782. 2. Elizabeth, born February 
21, 1784, married John McClintock. 3. 
Susannah, born March 25, 1786, married 
Philip Winebiddle. 4. Jacob, born Au- 
gust 8, 1787, married Mary Thompson. 
5 Catherine, born March 21, 1789, mar- 
ried Jacob Walters. 6. Mary, born No- 
vember II, 1792, died February 7, 1877. 
7. Rebecca, born May 11, 1798, died Janu- 
ary 21, 1800. The death of Jonas Roup, 
the father, occurred in Pittsburgh, April 
30, 1857- 

(11) John Roup, son of Jonas and Ab- 
lonia (Horr) Roup, was born June 14, 
1782, and died January 3, 1867. He mar- 
ried, March 16, 1809, Kitty Winebiddle, 
born June 20, 1790, died October 21, 1877, 
daughter of John Conrad and Elizabeth 
(Weitzel) Winebiddle, of Pittsburgh. 
The only child of John and Kitty (Wine- 
biddle) Roup was Rebecca, born Novem- 
ber 15, 1812, who became the wife of 
William Penn Baum, as above. John 
Roup inherited the large real estate hold- 
ings of his father, and was a farmer all 
his life. 

(The Winebiddle Line). 
Among the early land owners of the 
East Liberty Valley was John Conrad 
Winebiddle, a name memorialized in one 
of the avenues of Pittsburgh. Mr. Wine- 
biddle came from Germany in early man- 
hood, where he was born at Bernzabern, 
March 11, 1741. His father and mother 
having been laid to rest on the other side, 
and being the sole survivor of the family, 
Mr. Winebiddle came to America pos- 
sessed of considerable gold, and estab- 
lished a tannery on the banks of the Alle- 
gheny river, in the vicinity of Lawrence- 
ville, about where the government arsenal 
was later located. His business was very 
j)rosperous and lucrative, and he invested 
his money largely in real estate, buying 
up five hundred and fifty acres. The tract 




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ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



which he thus acquired extended from 
the Lawrenceville district to Neg-leys- 
town. Mr. Winebiddle married Elizabeth 
Weitzel, and their first home was on the 
Allegheny river, not far from the tannery 
from which the fleets of canoes filled with 
Cornplanter Indians sailing- back and 
forth to the town was a frequent and in- 
teresting sight. Later the family occu- 
pied the home on Second street, now Sec- 
ond avenue. They had five children, four 
of whom lived to inherit the large estate. 
These were Anna Barbara AVinebiddle, 
who married Jacob Negley ; Kitty W'ine- 
biddl'e, who married John Roup, as above ; 
J. Conrad, and Phillip Winebiddle. John 
Conrad Winebiddle died September ii, 
1795, and is buried in the churchyard of 
the First German United Evangelical 
Protestant Church, of which he was one 
of the founders. His remains, with those 
of his wife, were later transferred to the 
Baum burial lot in the Allegheny ceme- 
tery- 



DARLINGTON, Harry, 

Froxainent Man of Affairs. 

History shows that when a man 
achieves marked success in any sphere of 
action the greater part of his life is gen- 
erally devoted to the activities of that 
sphere, and it rarely happens that he at- 
tains distinction in any other field. The 
exceptions to this rule are few, but one 
of the most notable is furnished by the 
record of the late Harry Darlington. For 
more than a quarter of a century Mr. 
Darlington was prominently identified 
with railroad interests and was also one 
of the conspicuous figures in the business 
world of Pittsburgh, but then, withdraw- 
ing from these activities, he was known, 
for nearly thirty years previous to his 
death, as a brilliant and influential man 
of affairs, a leader in charitable and phil- 
anthropic enterprises, a distinguished 
yachtsman and prominent in the social 



and club life of the city with which his 
name is inseparably associated. Mr. 
Darlington was always loyal to the 
metropolis of Pennsylvania and her vital 
interests had no more zealous supporter 
or aggressive advocate. 

The race of the Darlingtons is a very 
ancient one and was originally seated in 
Cheshire, England. The family first ap- 
pears in history in 1282, when the death 
is recorded of John Darlington (or de 
Arlington), Archbishop of Dublin. Many 
branches have been represented in com- 
merce, in the professions and in the 
church. 

The Darlington escutcheon is : Arms — 
Azure guttee argent, on a fesse between 
three leopards' heads or, three cross 
crosslets gules. Crest — A winged pillar, 
surmounted by a globe. Motto — Crucc 
duni spiro spcro. 

Francis Morris Darlington, father of 
Harry Darlington, came from England 
in 1835, being the only one of the family 
to come to the United States. Mr. Dar- 
lington married, October 20, 1836, at St. 
Stephen's Church, Philadelphia, Ellen 
Hardy, of ancient Quaker lineage. The 
following children were born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Darlington : Harry, mentioned be- 
low ; Annie ; Mary, wife of Joseph R. T. 
Coates, of Coatesville, Pennsylvania; and 
Ellen, who died in August, 1914, and was 
the widow of Julius Augustus Dutton, a 
coal merchant of Chester, Pennsylvania. 

Harry Darlington, son of Francis Morris 
and Ellen (Hardy) Darlington, was born 
January 3, 1838, in Philadelphia, Pennsyl- 
vania. He received his primary education 
in the schools of his native town, passing 
thence to the Philadelphia Fligh School 
and graduating from that institution. After 
studying for a time at the Western Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania (now the Univer- 
sity of Pittsburgh), Mr. Darlington, while 
still a youth, entered the railroad busi- 
ness as an employe of the Philadelphia, 
643 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Wilmington & Baltimore railroad, which 
was one of the first railroads constructed 
in the United States. Mr. Darlington was 
employed in the Philadelphia office and 
the marked ability which he manifested 
from the very outset, combined with his 
unswerving integrity, early attracted the 
notice of his superiors. The career which 
opened with such bright prospects was 
interrupted by the outbreak of the Civil 
War. The patriotism which, throughout 
life was one of Mr. Darlington's salient 
characteristics, was fanned into a flame 
by the bombardment of Fort Sumter and 
at the first call for troops he hastened to 
ofifer his services to the government. En- 
listing in the Union army, he served with 
credit for three years, receiving at the 
end of that time an honorable discharge. 
In the sixties, after severing his con- 
nection with the Philadelphia, Wilming- 
ton & Baltimore railroad, Mr. Darlington 
went to Pittsburgh, and one of his first 
undertakings in that city was the opera- 
tion of a brewery which he conducted 
successfully for a number of years. In 
1886 he disposed of the business to the 
Pittsburgh Brewing Company, and im- 
mediately organized the Westmoreland & 
Cambria Natural Gas Company, of which 
he became president. This company de- 
veloped the Grapeville district, east of 
Jeannette, Pennsylvania, supplying gas to 
Greensburg. Latrobe, Derry and Johns- 
town. Mr. Darlington leased the Elba 
Iron Works, in Second avenue, and for 
a number of years operated the plant with 
marked success. At different times he 
belonged to the directorates of numerous 
companies in Pittsburgh district, but was 
never associated with the steel corpora- 
tion, his holdings being entirely inde- 
pendent. He gradually extended his in- 
terests and at the time of his death was 
a director of the Cleveland & Pittsburgh 
Railroad Company, the Grand Rapids & 
Indiana Railroad Company, the Pitts- 



burgh Steel Foundry Company, the Pitts- 
burgh, Youngstown & Ashtabula Rail- 
road Company, the Diamond Alkali Com- 
pany, of which he was one of the princi- 
pal owners, and the Union National 
Bank. He was also a director of the 
Follansbee Brothers Company, sheet and 
tinplate makers, and the Pittsburgh 
Forge and Iron Company. He was vice- 
president and director of the Macbeth- 
Evans Glass Company. His real estate 
holdings were extensive in Pittsburgh. 
Throughout his business career Mr. Dar- 
lington showed himself to be a man of 
broad gauge, inexhaustible energy, daunt- 
less courage and unflinching fidelity to 
principle — a veritable captain of industry. 

As a vigilant and attentive observer of 
men and measures, holding sound opin- 
ions and taking liberal views, Mr. Dar- 
lington was frequently consulted in re- 
gard to matters of municipal importance, 
and his public spirit and rapidity of judg- 
ment enabled him, despite the engross- 
ing demands of the many interests which 
claimed his attention, to give, in such in- 
stances, valuable counsel and earnest 
efifort. He was an ardent clubman and 
was instrumental in the organization of 
the Duquesne Club, the Pittsburgh Club 
and the Allegheny Country Club. He 
also belonged to the University Club, the 
Pittsburgh Golf Club, the New York 
Golf Club, the Westchester Country Club, 
and the New York Larchmont, American 
and Corinthian Yacht clubs, of New 
York, and the Racquet Club of New 
York. He was enrolled in the Union 
League Club of Philadelphia, and was a 
Blue Lodge and Chapter Mason. For 
years he served as a vestryman of Trinity 
Protestant Episcopal Church. 

In the prime of life Mr. Darlington 
withdrew from the activities of business, 
but it was only that he might seek out- 
lets in other channels for the exercise of 
his exuberant energies, his versatile 
644 



I 3X<? 




4 * 4 « i^i^ * « » « 

* * 4 4^*^11^ I « « « 

« • « t- 

1 ♦ * 4 « >-^ -, 



■ >.\ • ♦ * 4 





ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



talents and his all-embracing benevo- 
lence. He was said to have been the 
largest single contributor to the fund for 
the erection of the Allegheny General 
Hospital, of vv^hich he was a director, and 
it was within the two last years of his 
life that he and his wife erected the chil- 
dren's ward of that institution at an ex- 
pense of more than thirty thousand dol- 
lars. At Christmas, all the children in 
the hospital and in the other institutions 
in which Mr. and Mrs. Darlington were 
interested, received gifts, a representa- 
tive having been previously sent among 
them to learn what they most desired. In 
every instance, it was said, each child re- 
ceived the thing that it wished for, if it 
could possibly be procured, no matter 
what the cost. Do Christmas annals re- 
cord any deed more beautiful than this? 
Old servants and friends who had be- 
come reduced in circumstances could 
bear grateful testimony to the generosity 
of Mr. and Mrs. Darlington. Mr. Dar- 
lington was one of the organizers of the 
Allegheny Preparatory School and con- 
tributed largely to its support, also giv- 
ing many scholarships to Pittsburgh boys 
and girls. His private charities were nu- 
merous and widespread, but their full 
number will never be known to the world. 
A man nobly planned was Flarry Dar- 
lington and his face was an index to his 
character — the broad forehead, so mani- 
festly the abode of intellect, and the clear- 
cut features, sensitive yet strong, and ac- 
centuated by a white moustache which 
imparted an air of singular distinction to 
a countenance which spoke of quiet force, 
innate refinement and a rarely genial and 
sympathetic nature. The eyes, while 
keen and searching, were eloquent of 
afifection and kindliness. His manner 
was one that drew men to him. His very 
presence compelled friendship. Loyal 
and generous, of incorruptible integrity 



and stainless honor, he looked what he 
was — a high-minded gentleman, a man of 
broad views, large faith and a great heart. 

Mr. Darlington married (first) March 
29, 1858, Margaret McCanles De Wald, 
and they became the parents of a son and 
a daughter: Frank Groef, of Indianap- 
olis, Indiana, married Elise Willis Buck- 
ingham and has four children ; and Mar- 
garet Hardy, who died April 11, 1915 ; 
she married Stephen Howe Bennett, of 
Boston, and they had three children, Eliz- 
abeth McCullough Darlington ; Margaret 
D. ; and Helen Howe. Mrs. Darlington 
died in 1872, and Mr. Darlington married 
(second) November 6, 1877, Mary Eliza- 
beth, daughter of J. N. and Rebecca T. 
(Andrews) McCullough. Mr. McCul- 
lough was then first vice-president of the 
Pennsylvania railroad, and after his death 
Mr. Darlington became one of three trus- 
tees and upon the death of two co- 
trustees he became sole trustee of the 
McCullough estate, retaining the office 
even after retiring from active business. 
The following children were born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Darlington : Rebecca McCul- 
lough ; Jacob Nessly, deceased ; Eliza- 
beth, deceased; Harry, Jr.; and Mary 
Laughlin, deceased. Rebecca McCullough 
Darlington became the wife of Louis E 
Stoddard, a prominent Yale graduate and 
a member of the international polo team 
that was victorious in the contest for the 
American cup. 

On December 13, 1913, Mrs. Stoddard 
passed away, leaving three young chil- 
dren, two daughters and a son. She was' 
a woman of lovely personality, with a face 
expressive both of character and sweet- 
ness, and was prominent in Pittsburgh, 
New York and New Haven society, the 
last-named being, after her marriage, her 
home city. The home life of Mr. and Mrs. 
Darlington was one of ideal beauty and 
felicity. They stood at the head of Pitts- 



1645 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



burgh society, Mrs. Darlington, a woman 
of gentle breeding and unusual charm, 
being an acknowledged leader. The beau- 
tiful city residence of the family and their 
lovely summer home — "Seven Oaks" — at 
Mamaroneck, New York, were centres of 
hospitality, and all who were ever privi- 
leged to be the guests of Mr. and Mrs. 
Darlington can testify to their charm as 
host and hostess. Mrs. Darlington, by 
her exquisite graciousness of manner, put 
at ease all who came into her presence, 
and Mr. Darlington, delightful at all 
times, was never so fascinating as at his 
own fireside. He was conspicuous not 
only in club life, but also in j^achting 
circles. His magnificent yacht, one of 
the finest on the Atlantic seaboard, was 
christened the "Elreba," a combination 
of the names of his wife and daughter. 
He was also noted as an amateur horse- 
man, owning a number of the finest 
horses which, however, he never allowed 
to be entered on a race track. 

The sudden death of Mrs. Stoddard 
was a great shock to Mr. Darlington, and 
from that time his health rapidly de- 
clined. On September 27, 1914, he passed 
away, at "Seven Oaks," deeply and sin- 
cerely mourned by his many personal 
friends and by multitudes who had never 
looked upon his face. He was a man 
whose presence radiated sunshine and 
there are those to whom the world will 
never again seem as bright as when they 
possessed his companionship. His was 
a well rounded and a truly noble life. At 
all times he seemed, in his efforts for the 
advancement of all that was best and 
highest, like an incarnation of that age 
of world-progress, the latter decades of 
the nineteenth century and the opening 
years of the twentieth. Realizing that he 
would not pass this way again he made 
wise use of his opportunities and his 
wealth, conforming his life to the loftiest 



standards, and leaving a record in per- 
fect harmony with the history of an 
honorable and distinguished ancestry. 

When a man touches life at as many 
points as did Harry Darlington he leaves 
upon his community the impress of an 
extremely complex character, and in 
order to describe him adequately it is 
necessary to consider him not as one, but 
as several distinct personalities. As busi- 
ness man Mr. Darlington helped to make 
Pittsburgh the capital of the industrial 
world. As railroad magnate he enlarged 
her horizon, placing her in communica- 
tion with her remote ports and markets. 
As citizen he was largely instrumental in 
increasing her power as a municipality, 
upholding by word and deed the cause of 
good government and civic virtue. In all 
these different spheres of action he won 
honor during his lifetime and after he 
rested from his labors he was accorded 
a monumental place in the history of his 
city. There remains, however, yet an- 
other phase of his character to be con- 
sidered — his work and influence as a 
philanthropist. It is thus that he will be 
remembered longest, most reverently and 
most affectionately, and it is thus that he 
would most earnestly choose to be re- 
membered. His heart glowed with love 
for humanity. His wealth was predomi- 
nently a means of ministering to the 
needy and uplifting the discouraged and 
downtrodden. Men and women and little 
children loved and venerated him and 
called down blessings on his name. We 
will not call him a philanthropist. The 
word seems cold when applied to one of 
his warmth of heart and tenderness of 
feeling. W^e will call him what future 
generations of his fellow citizens will call 
him in preference to the prouder titles 
which were so universally accorded him. 
They will say, "Harry Darlington was 
one 'who loved his fellow men'." 



1646 







fa>7n^ 




^^^ 



-e_' 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



GABLE, William Francis, 

Public-Spirited Citizen. 

In the record that follows of the life 
and work of William F. Gable, of Al- 
toona, Pennsylvania, there occurs de- 
scription of his entry into many fields of 
endeavor other than that in which he has 
made his greatest mark, mercantile trade, 
and the narration, with unvarying regu- 
larity, of his success and prominence in 
those enterprises to which he has ad- 
dressed himself. And when the final 
analysis has been made and the fact of his 
natural talents and abilities discounted, 
there remains as the keynote of his 
achievement in many lines his limitless 
energy, his boundless capacity for unre- 
mitting toil, and his untiring industry. 
To this eiifect have spoken and written 
those who know Air. Gable as an inti- 
mate, who appreciate the sterling qual- 
ities he possesses, and who are consid- 
erate in their observation of his well 
known distaste for personal public atten- 
tion. From the following pages could be 
taken paragraphs which would compose 
a creditable record of one who had made 
his chief and highest aim merchandising, 
the raising of blooded stock, the collect- 
ing of old and valuable books and docu- 
ments, or intelligently directed philan- 
thropy, yet such activity has been that of 
William F. Gable alone, and that in the 
midst of other connections and obliga- 
tions in multitudinous array. Altoona 
with justice has done him abundant 
honor, honor merited by his devotion to 
her interests, by his service in the causes 
of municipal righteousness and uplift. 

William F. Gable, son of Isaac and 
Hannah M. (Wollerton) Gable, grandson 
of Peter and Sarah (Mast) Gable, de- 
scends paternally from German forbears, 
his maternal line tracing to early Penn- 
sylvania colonial days and George Smed- 
ley, a member of the Society of Friends, 
who came from England in 1682. From 



him, the American founder of the Smed- 
ley family, Mr. Gable is seventh in de- 
scent. William F. Gable was born in 
Upper Uwchlan, Chester county, Penn- 
sylvania, February 12, 1856, and it is 
worth while to state here that Mr. Gable 
has said that if he could have chosen his 
own natal day it would have been the 
1 2th of February, for that date is the 
birthday of the man he considers the 
greatest citizen of the United States of 
any period, Abraham Lincoln. He at- 
tended the country schools of his native 
county and, his parents moving to Read- 
ing, Pennsylvania, when he was a youth 
of thirteen years, the Reading High 
School. He was also a student in the 
Reading Commercial College, maintained 
by Professor Chester N. Farr, and was 
graduated from that institution. 

His business career began with his em- 
ployment as bookkeeper for Boas & 
Raudenbush, a prosperous lumber firm of 
Reading, and after five years of service 
with this house he accepted a similar posi- 
tion with Dives, Pomeroy & Stewart, 
well known as a leading dry goods con- 
cern, in which employ he remained for 
six years. On March i, 1884, his first 
connection with the business interests of 
Altoona was formed and he became a 
partner in a small business that, through 
many stages and periods of growth and 
development covering a period of more 
than thirty-one years, has become the 
great, modern "Daylight Store" of Wil- 
liam F. Gable & Company. His original 
partner in this enterprise was John R. 
Sprecher, and as Sprecher & Gable the 
business was founded, although within a 
few months Mr. Sprecher's interest was 
purchased by Mr. Gable's former em- 
ployers. Dives, Pomeroy & Stewart, the 
firm name becoming William F. Gable & 
Company. Under this caption the busi- 
ness has been continued, constantly ex- 
panding as additional success and pros- 



1647 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



perity rewarded adherence to strict and 
upright principles of dealing. Its growth 
has been vigorous and natural, and the 
proud position it now occupies is one 
that is well deserved and that bears elo- 
quent testimony to the business genius 
of him who has had its destinies in hand. 
One of the rules of conduct in the Gable 
Store of paramount importance in its re- 
lation to the public, has been the system 
of cash payment, at this time an unusual 
feature in department store management 
the worth of which has been fully proven, 
since while it has been in force the size 
of the store has increased from a small 
room twenty by forty feet, to an estab- 
lishment with approximately three acres 
of floor space, while at the same time the 
operating force of the store has grown 
from ten or twelve to between three hun- 
dred and seventy-five and five hundred 
persons. Every invention and improve- 
ment applicable to department stores 
has found its way into the nearly fifty 
departments of the Gable store, while 
the elaborate details of its management 
have been worked out by Mr. Gable and 
his assistants from deep knowledge 
and long experience. In every relation 
between the store organization and the 
public the utmost has been done for 
the patrons of the store, not only in 
quality and price of merchandise, but in 
matters of comfort, convenience and en- 
joyment, and the place the store holds in 
the confidence of the city's people be- 
speaks their appreciation. Within the 
store, and in many cases unknown to the 
public, are clubs and organizations among 
the many employees, and a hearty spirit 
of cooperation has been built up through 
Mr. Gable's constant aid and sympathy, 
his attitude speaking in his expression of 
this sentiment : "There is no line drawn 
in my mind or heart between employer 
and employee." The welfare and happi- 
ness of those who are his assistants in 



Kx 



the operation of his business are among 
his greatest concerns, and he is ceaseless 
in his efl:orts to insure these blessing to 
them. 

That this regard and concern are ap- 
preciated by their recipients and that in 
every employee of his store Mr. Gable 
has a true and admiring friend is testi- 
fied to by everyone familiar with the 
facts, and expression was given to this 
feeling at the banquet tendered the store 
employees by Mr. Gable in celebration 
of the twenty-fifth anniversary of the 
business, when Mr. Gable was presented 
with a silver loving cup, engraved with 
his monogram, an etching of the store in 
its present appearance, and the words 
quoted above. On this gala occasion 
there were present several of the intel- 
lectual lights of the country, friends of 
Mr. Gable, including Horace Traubel and 
the late Elbert Plubbard. 

But the story of the life and work of 
the store might be prolonged through 
pages and pages, were an attempt made 
to tell the interesting story, of many of 
the departments and inner organizations, 
such as the "Quarter Century Club," 
membership in which is based upon 
twenty-five years in the employ of the 
firm, at the end of which time the new 
member is presented with one hundred 
dollars in gold ; or the remarkable photo- 
graphic studio, presided over by Mr. 
Gable's son, Robert, which is the largest 
between New York and Chicago, and so 
excellently equipped that pictures can be 
made "any size, any place, any time." 
This, however, is a chronicle of the activ- 
ities of William Francis Gable, and the 
foregoing has been told only that a 
proper conception of the magnitude and 
importance of his commercial operations 
might be gained. 

It is difficult to determine whether Al- 
toona is prouder of Mr. Gable as a suc- 
cessful business man than n<: a loyal, 
^8 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OE BIOGRAPHY 



public-spirited citizen, or the reverse, but 
in the discharge of his duties and respon- 
sibiUties in the latter role he has estab- 
lished a wonderful standard. His inter- 
est extends to every department of the 
city life. He places prizes for competi- 
tion in different departments of the Al- 
toona schools, conducts a regular weekly 
sewing class with qualified instructors in 
his large store for the young girls, and, 
with praiseworthy wisdom and foresight, 
distributes thousands of trees among the 
school children of Blair county, for plant- 
ing on Arbor Day. His gift of trees in 
1914 was twenty-five thousand white 
ashes, the previous year the same num- 
ber of elms, and in 1912 and 191 1 twenty 
thousand silver maples and catalpas. Mis 
private benevolences are large and in 
most cases attended to by him in person. 
Xo worthy object in his city has been 
long without his substantial aid, and the 
measure of the good he has accomplished 
cannot be told. 

One of j\Ir. Gable's most pleasurable 
relaxations from the cares of business is 
in his library and collection of old and 
rare books, autographs and manuscripts, 
which he has gathered because of his 
love of literary and historical study and 
his regard for those men and women who 
have made literature and history. Repre- 
sented in his collection are manuscripts 
and epistolary correspondence of the 
notables of many countries and periods, 
and it includes original autograph letters 
of nearly all of the signers of the Declara- 
tion of Independence, letters of Benja- 
min Franklin, and a complete set of let- 
ters of all the Presidents of the United 
States, many written while in office. Mr. 
Gable is the owner of one of the largest 
collections extant of the letters and manu- 
scripts of Bayard Taylor, John Green- 
leaf Whittier, Plenry \\'. Longfellow, 
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Thomas Bailev 
Aldrich, Walt Whitman, Mark Twain, 



Eugene Eield, James W'hitcomb Riley, 
and he possesses in large numbers letters 
of John Ruskin, Charles Dickens, Charles 
Darwin, Robert Burns, Thomas Henry 
Huxley and John Tyndall. Mr. Gable is 
particularly proud of his ownership of 
many of the original writings of Colonel 
Robert G. Ingersoll, being a great ad- 
mirer of the talented colonel. 

Another of Mr. Gable's interests, which 
partakes of the nature of both business 
and pleasure, is his stock farm of more 
than five hundred acres, "Glen Gable 
Farms," in Chester county, Pennsylvania, 
where, under the management of his son, 
Lowell B., thoroughbred Guernsey cattle 
are raised and blooded trotting horses, of 
both of which he is very fond. The estate 
is magnificently equipped for the pur- 
pose, every sanitary and scientific appli- 
ance having been obtained, and many 
honors have come to the stock there bred 
and the dairy products of the farm. In 
1913 "Glen Gable Farms" won the gold 
medal at the National Dairy Show at 
Chicago, Illinois, for the finest milk pro- 
duced in Pennsylvania, with a score of 
06.75, while at the Panama-Pacific Inter- 
national Exposition at San Francisco, 
California, yet further distinction was 
gained. Ilere the gold medal and the 
medal of honor in the market milk class 
were awarded "Glen Gable Farms," over 
twenty-five hundred competitors, the best 
in the world, the average of excellence 
being here raised to ninety-seven out of 
a possible one hundred points. This 
achievement the Altoona "Mirror" com- 
mented upon editorially as follows: "Mr. 
Gable is a gold medal business man. a 
gold medal collector of manuscripts and 
rare books, a gold medal friend, and now 
to these svmbols of superiority has been 
adrled the gold medal as a farmer." 

Mr. Gable's historical interests have 
led him to membership in the Historical 
Societv of Pennsvlvania and the Thomas 



1649 



EXCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Paine Xatioiial Historical Society, his 
activity as a stock raiser in the American 
Guernsey Cattle Club, and his literary 
tastes in the Altoona Robert Burns Club. 
He is a sympathizer with no religious 
sect or creed, and views with distaste the 
dissensions and differences that have 
given rise to these. Plis broad-minded 
outlook is best shown in his own words : 
"Henceforth let us recognize only the 
brotherhood of man. Let us bid adieu to 
the 'Elect' and 'Select.' No more "Ala- 
sons," 'Knights," or 'Odd Fellows," but 
one universal order of "Good Fellows," 
honest men and honest women, bearing 
the banners of right and justice every- 
where."" The foregoing has been in part 
a revelation, not only of the actual ac- 
complishment of his career, but of the 
strength of mind and purity of character 
that his intimates know. Two quotations 
from himself give a still further insight 
into his hopes and ideals, into the spirit 
that animates his restless endeavor. The 
first is from his speech of greeting to his 
guests at the banquet on the occasion of 
the silver anniversary : "Just a word be- 
fore closing about the ideal store, or 'the 
store beautiful," that 1 often dream of. 
Present economic conditions interfere 
with this store being all we would like 
it to be. The mad, wild, greedy rush of 
competition forces us to use some 
methods that we would instantly dis- 
pense with were it not that we must pro- 
tect ourselves vmder present conditions. 
One establishment cannot fight the battle 
alone. We do what we can to make 
things better and hope for the day when 
the competitive system will be no longer 
in the way of a higher and better civiliza- 
tion. Under a cooperative common- 
wealth we could get nearer the ideal 
store. With the passing of pay rolls and 
profits the real pleasure of work would 
begin. That time is coming with as much 
certainty and splendor as an Alleghany 



mountain sunrise." And the second is 
his contribution to the 1914 Xew Year 
sentiments of Blair county published in 
an Altoona journal: "Alay 1914 give us: 
More druggist Taylors, shovel in hand, 
on all the corners of all the streets. The 
man with the shovel beats the man with 
the banner. May 1914 give us bigger 
crops of wheat, corn, and potatoes. May 
1914 give us better live stock and more 
live people ; more democrats and less aris- 
tocrats ; more states to give votes to 
women ; more vision for men and women 
to broaden their minds and prepare them 
to save for all the people, this land of 
Liberty.'" 

So this brief record closes. Xone 
doubts but that in the coming years ever 
increasing benefit will flow from him to 
all with whom he comes in contact, and 
that the best chapters of his life story 
remain to be written. 

William F. Gable married. May 7. 187Q, 
Kate Elizabeth P'Over, born in Reading. 
Pennsylvania. January 24, i860, daugh- 
ter of Benjamin Franklin and Elizabeth 
(Clouser) Boyer, Rev. A. H. Sembower 
performing the ceremony. Children of 
William Francis and Kate Elizabeth 
(Boyer) Gable: i. Edna Luella, born 
April 22. 1881 ; married. May 26, 1903. 
James ?L Powers, and has children: 
\\'ollerton, born May 24, 1904, Lowell 
Gable, born January 5. 1907, Elizabeth 
Boyer, born December 19. 1908, Pauline 
Penelope, born August 27, 1910, James 
Henry, born April 2, 191 2. 2. Bayard 
Wollerton, born March 12, 1883, died 
June 25, 1906, at sea. 3. Lowell Boyer, 
born February 26, 1887. 4. Elizabeth 
Smedley, born June 22, 1888, died July 
16, 1888. 5. Gertrude Pellman, born Sep- 
tember 8, 1889; married, September 5, 
1912, George Pomeroy Stewart, and has 
a daughter, Frances Gable Stewart, born 
July 23, 1913. 6. Robert Blair, born May 
7, 1892; married, October 21, 1914, Lillian 
650 




The dentury Puilishmg &J!n.^rdvin| do. Shica^o . 




ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Calhoun Burns. 7. Anna Katharine, born 
June 2, 1896. 8. George Pomeroy, born 
March 18, 1898. 9. Mary Virginia, born 
July 31, 1901. 



HAYS, WUliam, 

Iiegislator, Jurist. 

John Hays, the American ancestor of 
the William Hays family of Pittsburgh, 
came to this country from the North of 
Ireland, in 1730, and settled in Chester 
county, Pennsylvania. He erected a 
house which was destroyed by fire ; he 
then removed to Bucks county (now 
Northampton) in 1732, locating near 
Weaversville, where he kept an inn, store 
and tannery. Mention of this is to be 
found in Egles' "History of Pennsyl- 
vania." According to the records he was 
one of the pioneer settlers of the Craig, 
or Scotch-Irish settlement, in East Allen 
township, Northampton county, Pennsyl- 
vania, and becarne widely known in 
church and Colonial affairs. He was an 
elder in the First Presbyterian Church 
of Weaversville, Northampton county, 
which was built of logs in 1746. He was 
a leader in the community in which he 
dwelt and was a captain of the company 
in defense of the frontier from the In- 
dians prior to 1756, when, in January of 
that year a company of Scotch-Irish, 
commanded by Captain John Hays, sent 
to protect the settlers on the frontier at 
Gnadenhuten (Tents or Huts of Grace), 
through disregard of their captain's cau- 
tions, were ambushed by the Indians and 
nearly all killed. On May 22, 1775, he 
was appointed committeeman for Allen 
township, Northampton county by the 
Committee of Correspondence. In De- 
cember, 1776, at the age of seventy-four, 
John Hays was chosen as captain of a 
company and marched with it to Phila- 
delphia. This company was one of the 
first from the Scotch-Irish, or Craig set- 
tlement in Allen township, to respond to 

I 



General Washington's requisition. His 
company was raised and reported for 
duty at forty hours' notice and formed 
the nucleus of what was called Washing- 
ton's "Flying Camp," numbering two 
thousand men. They participated in the 
battles of Long Island, Trenton and 
Brandywine. (See Egles' "History of 
Pennsylvania"). 

John Hays died November 16, 1789, 
aged eighty-five years, and was buried in 
the churchyard of the Presbyterian 
church near Weaversville. He was mar- 
ried, in Ireland, to Jane Love, who was 
born in 1702, and who died at Derry, 
Northumberland county, in 1806, aged 
ninety-four. Issue: i. John, of whom 
below. 2. William. 3. Robert. 4. James. 
5. Francis. 6. Jane. 7. Isabelle. 8. Mary. 
9. Elizabeth. All of the sons, except 
William, who died young, served in the 
Revolutionary War; two of them are 
said to have been with the parties left to 
keep up the camp fires at Trenton when 
Washington surprised the British at 
Princeton. 

(II) John Hays, eldest son of John and 
Jane (Love) Hays, was born in the North 
of Ireland, in 1728, and came with his 
parents to America in 1730. The first 
authentic record of his activity in colo- 
nial affairs states that on June 28, 1757, 
he returned from Juniata on the outlook 
for hostile Indians. In 1760 he was ap- 
pointed by the Provincial Council a mem- 
ber of a delegation to attend "Tecdyus- 
cung," one of the most noted kings of the 
Delaware Indians, to the Great Indian 
council to be held by the Western In- 
dians over the Ohio; returned July i, 
1760, to Bethlehem having been denied 
passage through the country of the 
Seneca Indians (Journal of their travels 
and proceedings can be found in the 
Pennsylvania Archives, vol. iii., p. 735V 

On October 16, 1776, he was appointed 
second lieutenant of the Twelfth Bat- 
651 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



talion of Foot, Pennsylvania Regiment, 
Continental Line, for continental service, 
commanded by Colonel William Cooke ; 
appointed by the "Council of Safety" in 
Philadelphia. This battalion viras com- 
posed of good riflemen and scouts who 
participated in the "hottest part of the 
battle of Brandywine and lost heavily," 
and in the battle of Trenton in the "hot- 
test fight in Germantown, also losing 
heavily, the remnant being nearly des- 
troyed at Monmouth." (See Pennsyl- 
vania Archives, Second Series, vol. x., pp. 
758-760). 

In documentary records it is found that 
he was spoken of as Colonel Hays and 
also as Counsel Colonel Hays. After the 
war Colonel John Hays resided in the 
settlement, engaged in milling, tanning, 
farming, etc. The Moravians wishing to 
exchange a large tract of land, in what 
is now Crawford county, for the prop- 
erty on which he resided, and wishing a 
property large enough to locate his large 
family near each other, he undertook, in 
company with his son William, a journey 
on horseback to examine the property. 
While engaged in that work he became 
overheated, and drinking too much cold 
water from a spring, sickened and died 
at Meadville, Pennsylvania, November 3, 
1796, aged sixty-six. 

He was twice married (first) in Octo- 
ber, 1760, to Barbary King, who died Au- 
gust 13. 1770; (second) in August, 1771, 
to Jane Walker, who died December 15, 
1825. Issue by first wife: i. Mary. 2. 
John. 3. James. 4. Jane. 5. Elizabeth. 
Issue by second wife: i. Ann. 2. Wil- 
liam. 3. Isabelle. 4. Robert. 5. Rich- 
ard. 6. Thomas. 7. Samuel. 8. IMary. 
9. Joseph. ID. Rebecca. 

The Hon. William Hays, early mem- 
ber of the Pennsylvania State Legisla- 
ture, and influential business man of 
Pittsburgh, was born in Northampton 
county, Pennsylvania, June 27, 1774, son 

165 



of John and Jane (Walker) Hays. He 
joined the State militia at an early age, 
?nd was a member of the organized body 
called into active service for the sup- 
pression of the Whiskey Rebellion. After 
that duty was performed and the troops 
were disbanded, he visited the north- 
western part of the State, known as the 
lake region. Here he acquired the title 
to several tracts of land, which he im- 
proved. In 1796 he settled permanently 
in Pittsburgh, and began his active pub- 
lic career, which caused his fellow citi- 
zens to honor his life and revere his 
memory. 

William Hays established large tan- 
neries, which he continued to operate 
until advanced age forced him to leave his 
sons the active management of the busi- 
ness. In the directory of Pittsburgh, of 
1815, is given: "William Hays, tanner, 
corner of Diamond alley and Liberty, 
dwelling W. side of Liberty between 
Diamond alley and 5th." He was one 
of the signers of the memorial presented 
to the State Legislature in 1810, asking 
for a charter for the Bank of Pittsburgh, 
but this was refused, and the bank was 
operated as a private institution under 
the name of the Pittsburgh Manufactur- 
ing Company until 1814, at which time 
a state charter was secured, and of this 
bank he was a director. 

His fellow-citizens recognized in him 
the qualities desired in a public ofificial 
and lawmaker, and elected him to the 
State Legislature, where he was contin- 
ued for several term.s (from 1831 to 1833) 
by reelection, representing Allegheny 
county in both Assembly and Senate. He 
was honest and safe in counsel, deliberate 
and conservative in action, and his col- 
leagues and associates trusted him im- 
plicitly, relying upon his general intelli- 
gence and sound judgment. Upon retir- 
ing from the Senatorship, William Hays 
was elected Associate Judge of the 





rm. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



County Court in December 17, 183S, and 
again April, 1840. After a brief service 
he found the duties too exacting and 
onerous for his age and waning strength, 
and his resignation was therefore tend- 
ered and he retired to private life. He 
served as a member of the convention 
that framed and adopted the Pennsyl- 
vania State Constitution. 

In both public and private life Wil- 
liam Hays earned the plaudits of the com- 
munity as a good and faithful public ser- 
vant, an honorable and upright citizen. 
He was a member of the First Presbyte- 
rian Church, and never neglected the ob- 
ligations of Christianity. His death oc- 
curred in Pittsburgh, October 14, 1848. 

William Hays married, February 14, 
1805, Lydia Semple. born November 24, 
1778, in Carlisle, Cumberland county, 
Pennsylvania, died in Pittsburgh, May 
16, 1854, daughter of Robert and Eliza- 
beth Young Semple. Children of Wil- 
liam and Lydia (Semple) Hays: i. John 
Hays. 2. Elizabeth Hays. 3. Robert 
Semple Hays. 4. James Hays. 5. Wil- 
liam Hays, junior. 6 Richard Hays. 7. 
Jane Walker Hays, married Mansfield 
Brown. 8. Henry Hays. 9. Charles 
Hays. 



HAYS, Charles, 

Manufacturer, Financier. 

Some men there are who touch life at 
so many points that, in order to convey 
an adequate conception of their person- 
ality, it seems necessary to describe 
them in several characters. A man of this 
type was the late Charles Hays, one of 
the strong men of the Old Pittsburgh, 
whose commanding form, seen through 
ihe gathering mists of the fast-receding 
years, rises before us as business man, 
financier and public-spirited citizen. 

Charles Hays, son of William and 
Lydia (Semple) Hays, was a native of 
Pittsburgh, born December 28, 1822. He 



was a luember of a family of Sco*-ch- 
Irish descent, prominent in the commerce 
and industry of Pittsburgh for over a 
century. Like his father and brothers, 
he was closely identified with the many 
institutions contributing to the growth 
and prosperity of Western Pennsylvania. 
He was educated in the public and pri- 
vate schools of Pittsburgh. During 
early manhood he was employed as chief 
clerk on a line of passenger steamboats 
Ijlying the waters of the Ohio and Miss- 
issippi rivers, which at the time were the 
great common carriers connecting the 
east with the west and south. After a few 
years he left the river and became asso- 
ciated with his father and brother in the 
tanning and leather business. Upon the 
retirement of his father from active busi- 
ness life, the firm was reorganized under 
the name of Hays & Stewart. Charles 
Ha}-s retained a financial interest in the 
Ijusiness, but for many years devoted his 
time to other pursuits. He was elected 
president of the Allegheny Insurance 
Company, and discharged the duties of 
that office in a most satisfactory manner. 
Pie was director of the Bank of Pitts- 
burgh, National Association, and was 
connected with many other important 
financial institutions of Pittsburgh as in- 
vestor and adviser. 

A man of fine personal appearance, of 
a nature so genial and sympathetic as to 
possess a rare magnetism, Mr. Hays was 
a man who drew men to him. Person- 
ality — coupled with great ability — was, in 
fact, the secret of his success, making 
possible undertakings which, in the 
hands of an ordinary man, would have 
met with utter failure. His broad grasp 
of afl:'airs may be inferred from the simple 
statement that he served the city in many 
capacities. The Sixth Street Bridge was 
one of the local improvements which 
profited by his connection with it as presi- 
dent of the company. He was a member 



1653 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of the famous volunteer fire company of 
the city, known as the "Old Eagle," and 
was accustomed to run to fires with his 
associates. His countenance was indica- 
tive of great force and also of that capac- 
ity for friendship which made him the 
object of the loyal and devoted attach- 
ment of all who were in any way asso- 
ciated with him. 

Mr. Hays married, August 15, 1854. 
Isabella, daughter of James and Eliza 
(Steel) McLaughlin, and granddaughter 
of the Rev. Robert Steel, one of the early 
pastors of the First Presbyterian Church 
of Pittsburgh. Mr. and Mrs. Hays were 
the parents of two children, Eliza Mc- 
Laughlin, who died in infancy, and Carrie 
S., wife of Rev. Samuel G. Craig (q. v.), 
of Pittsburgh. Rev. and Mrs. Craig are 
the parents of a son, Charles Hays Craig, 
named for his grandfather. 

The death of Mr. Hays, which occurred 
March 29, 1902, deprived Pittsburgh of 
a man whose business talents were of the 
highest order and whose will was simply 
indomitable. Full of work, of fiery energy 
and unquenchable hope, he represented a 
type, the value of which to a city it is 
impossible to estimate. The influence 
of such men ramifies all through the com- 
mercial and industrial life, extending it- 
self to the whole social economy, and 
every man, from the toiling laborer to the 
merchant prince, receives benefit from 
them. 



NICHOLSON, Edgar West, 

Prominent Business Man. 

Edgar West Nicholson, son of William 
R. and Anna j. (Hopson) Nicholson, a 
promment member of the fourth genera- 
tion of Nicholsons in Philadelphia and 
the fifth generation in the state of Penn- 
sylvania, was born November iS, 1876, 
in Philadelphia. His father, William R. 
Nicholson, president of the Land Title 
iSi Trust Company of Philadelphia and 



one of the widely known stable, progres- 
sive and executive business men of Phil- 
adelphia, has set a pace for his descend- 
ants in the business world. Edgar W. 
Nicholson, the subject of this biography, 
though still a young man, has already 
shown sterling qualities and has well 
merited a place among the progressive 
business men of the state. 

Mr. Nicholson v/as educated in the 
public schools of his native city, the Ham- 
ilton School and Princeton University, 
graduating with the class of 1899. He 
afterwards became partner in the firm of 
Fell & Nicholson in the brokerage and 
banking business, and has since shown 
activity in various lines, being a member 
of the firm of Nicholson & Herbert, real 
estate ; vice-president and director of the 
Haney-White Company, builders sup- 
plies ; secretary, treasurer and director of 
the Philadelphia Stock Exchange Build- 
ing Company ; director of the Radnor 
Development Company ; secretary and 
treasurer of the Haverford Development 
Company. 

Mr. Nicholson is also prominently iden- 
tified with the Young Men's Christian 
Association, and is treasurer and a mem- 
ber of the Board of Trustees of the Pres- 
byterian Church of the Covenant at Cyn- 
wyd, being the representative of the 
fourth consecutive generation to become 
a trustee in the Presbyterian church in 
Philadelphia. He is a member of the 
Union League Club of Philadelphia, City 
Club of Philadelphia, the Automobile 
Club of Philadelphia, Colonial Club of 
Princeton, Corinthian Yacht Club of Cape 
May, the National Geographical Society, 
the Pennsylvania State Historical So- 
ciety and Forestry Association of Penn- 
.^ylvania.. 

Mr. Nicholson married, October i, 
1 901, Ruth Arnold, a daughter of Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Isaac Arnold Jr., of the 
Ordnance Department of the United 

654 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



States Army. They are the parents of 
three children: Lawrence Arnold, born 
October ii, 1902; Edgar West Jr., born 
August 29, 1906; Ruth A., born Septem- 
ber II, 1910. 

Mr. Nicholson exercises his right of 
franchise in a thoroughly independent 
manner and might be classed as an In- 
dependent in politics. Determination and 
energy have with him spelled success 
and yet he has not reached the prime of 
life nor the zenith of his powers. 



GOEHRING, John Meek, 

liatvyer. Legislator, Man of Affairs. 

Prominent among those members of 
the Pittsburgh bar who have combined 
professional distinction with political 
leadership is John Meek Goehring, who 
can now look back upon nearly forty years 
of successful and honorable practice in 
the courts of Allegheny county. Mr. 
Goehring has represented his fellow- 
citizens in the State Senate and in the 
city councils, and is now president of the 
latter body. 

The original home of the Goehring 
family was the small village of Albisheim, 
near the Rhine, and not far from the city 
of Worms, in Bavaria, Germany. The 
race was transplanted to the United 
States nearly a century ago and its repre- 
sentatives are now to be found in Balti- 
more and in nearly all the counties of 
Western Pennsylvania. 

Wolfgang William Goehring, the first 
ancestor of record, was born about 1638, 
in Albisheim, and on November 24, 1663, 
married IMaria Margaretta Beroz. Their 
ion, John Jacob Goehring, was born Sep- 
tember 19, 1669, and married Maria Mar- 
garet Kuchler. John Jacob Goehring 
died in 1738. 

George Michael Goehring, son of John 
Jacob and Maria Margaret (Kuchler) 
Goehring, was born in 1700, married 



Maria Catherine Maurer, and died in 
1767. 

John Engelbarth Goehring, son of 
George i\Iichael and Maria Catherine 
(Maurer) Goehring, was born in 1725, 
and married Anna Margaret Werl. The 
date of the death of John Engelbarth 
Goehring has not been recorded. 

John Jacob (2) Goehring, son of John 
Engelbarth and Anna Margaret (Werl) 
Goehring, was born in 1771, and between 
the years 1818 and 1821, accompanied by 
his two brothers, Henry William and 
John, emigrated to the United States. 
They brought with them their families, 
and some of the members remained in 
Baltimore, others proceeding to Lancas- 
ter, Pennsylvania, whence some of them 
later migrated to Beaver county and 
Robbstown, now West Newton, West- 
moreland county. It is believed that all 
of the name of Goehring now found in 
Pennsylvania trace their lineage back to 
one or another of these three immigrants. 
John Jacob Goehring married, and his 
death occurred April 22, i860. 

Charles William Goehring, son of John 
Jacob (2) Goehring, married Maria Eliza- 
beth Heintz. 

Charles Louis Goehring, son of Charles 
William and Maria Elizabeth (Heintz) 
Goehring, was of Pittsburgh, and from 
1S35 to 1840 carried on a confectionery 
business in association with his brother 
Jacob. They built up a large and lucra- 
tive concern, and after their retirement 
Charles Louis was interested as a capa- 
talist in various business enterprises. For 
a time he was connected with the iron 
industry as a member of the firm of 
Coleman, Rahm & Company, and after 
his withdrawal became first president of 
the Consolidated Gas Company of Pitts- 
burgh. He was connected with various 
banking concerns, among them the Pitts- 
burgh Savings Bank. From 1858 to i860 
Mr. Goehring represented his Republican 

655 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



fellow-citizens in the State Legislature, 
and at one time he served on the Seventh 
ward school board of Allegheny City, 
now North Side, Pittsburgh. His busi- 
ness success dated from the very begin- 
ning of his active life, his first venture, 
which was in the oil industry, having 
proved highly remunerative. Mr. Goeh- 
ring married, December lo, 1845, Eliza, 
daughter of John and Elizabeth (Porter) 
Meek, of Pittsburgh, Mr. Meek being en- 
gaged in the lumber business. The fol- 
lowing children were born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Goehring: John Meek, mentioned 
below; Louis S. ; Lizzie H., married 
Henry Smith ; Yetta H., married Stewart 
Robertson ; Emma P., became the wife of 
James Black; Amelia P., married William 
C. Haslage ; and Annie W., became the 
wife of Christian Steffen. 

John Meek Goehring, son of Charles 
Louis and Eliza (Meek) Goehring, 
was born October 13. 1848, in z\lle- 
gheny City, now North Side, Pitts- 
burgh, and received his preparatory edu- 
cation in the public schools, afterward 
entering the Western University of Penn- 
sylvania, now the University of Pitts- 
burgh. He was fitted for his profession 
by a special course at the Harvard Law 
School, and in 1876 was admitted to the 
bar of Allegheny county. He has since 
been continuously engaged in general 
practice in Pittsburgh, but has never had 
a partner. His reputation at the bar is 
of the highest and has been won by 
broad legal knowledge, administrative 
ability and unremitting devotion to duty. 
He is a member of the Allegheny County 
Bar Association. 

Always a faithful adherent of the Re- 
publican party, Mr. Goehring took no ac- 
tive part in politics until 1895, when he 
was elected to represent the Eleventh 
ward of Allegheny (now North Side), in 
the common council. In 1899 he was 



chosen president of that branch of the 
city government, and served until 1902, 
when his fellow-citizens paid him the fur- 
ther tribute of electing him to the State 
Senate from the Forty-second Senatorial 
District. He occupied a seat in that body 
until December, 1906, having served in 
that year as a member of a special session 
of the legislature, held at the time of the 
Citizens' Party, which accomplished 
much for the cause of political reform in 
Pennsylvania. He was the author of 
what is known as the "Greater Pittsburgh 
Act,"' which provided for the annexation 
of cities, boroughs, etc., to a larger city, 
by a vote of the citizens of the annexed 
territory. Under this act, the city of 
Pittsburgh has been greatly enlarged. In 
July, 191 1, Mr. Goehring was appointed, 
by the Governor of Pennsylvania, one of 
the first nine councilmen under the new 
charter for cities of the second class, and 
upon the organization of the councils he 
was elected to the office of president of 
that body. At the succeeding election he 
was chosen by the people for a term of 
four years, at which time he was elected 
to succeed himself as president for a 
term of two years, and at the expiration 
of that time was again elected president, 
which office he now (1915) holds. He is 
a director of the Commonwealth Trust 
Company and the United States Amuse- 
ment Company, a trustee of the Carnegie 
Free Library, the Carnegie Institute and 
the Carnegie Music Hall ; and a member 
of the North Side Chamber of Commerce, 
the Pittsburgh Board of Trade and the 
Pittsburgh Chamber of Commerce, and is 
a member of the Western Pennsylvania 
Historical Society. In addition to above, 
Mr. Goehring has been in former years 
connected with various financial and in- 
dustrial concerns. He was for years 
president of the congregation and a mem- 
ber and trustee of the Eleventh United 



1656 



i 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Presbyterian Church of Allegheny, but 
withdrew when he moved to the East 
End, Pittsburgh. 

The dual personality of Mr. Goehring 
which has found such full expression in 
his varied and eventful career is finely 
exemplified in his appearance, the digni- 
fied yet alert bearing and keen yet 
thoughtful countenance speaking equally 
of the learned and skillful advocate and 
the able and astute legislator. A man of 
broad culture and a wide range of in- 
terests, he finds time, amid the press of 
professional and public duties, to think 
of our feathered songsters who add so 
much of charm to the life of both town 
and country. Among their strongest pro- 
tectors in Pennsylvania they number 
John Meek Goehring whose name is also 
enrolled as a member of the Audubon 
Society. Long a leader and a force in 
his state, Mr. Goehring is in every way 
fitted for high political place, not only by 
reason of ability, but by sterling worth of 
character and broad human sympathies. 
He has the courage of his own deep con- 
victions and an enthusiasm for all that 
makes for the best in the service of hu- 
manity. 

The year of Mr. Goehring's entrance 
into politics was exactly a decade later 
than that of his marriage. On April 29, 
1885, he was united to Mary Elizabeth, 
daughter of the late William and Eliza- 
beth (Voegtly) Neeb. A biography and 
portrait of Mr. Neeb appear elsewhere in 
this work. Mrs. Goehring is a woman in 
whom liberal culture, strength of charac- 
ter and sweetness of disposition combine 
to form a personality at once winning 
and inspiring, and to her husband she has 
ever been the genius of his fireside and 
his comrade in thought and purpose. Mr. 
and Mrs. Goehring are the parents of 
three sons and a daughter: William 
Neeb, born June 24, 1886, educated in 
Pittsburgh schools, at Westminster Col- 



lege, Pittsburgh, and at the Medical 
School of the University of Pittsburgh, 
graduating in 1914 and now practicing 
in his native city ; Harvey John, born 
January 10, 1891, educated in Pittsburgh 
schools and Allegheny High School and 
now connected with the hardware firm of 
Steiner-Voegtly, Pittsburgh ; Louis Meek, 
born November 22, 1892, educated in 
Pittsburgh schools and Washington and 
Jefferson College, class of 1915, and in- 
tends entering the profession of the law ; 
and Flora Sadie, educated at Winchester 
School, class of 1915. 

After nearly four decades of brilliant 
work at the bar and a score of years in 
the public service, Mr. Goehring is still 
active in both fields of duty, and, for the 
honor of his city and state, long may he 
continue to be so, for the old Common- 
wealth needs all her representative men, 
and on none can she rely with greater 
confidence than on John Meek Goehring. 



DURHAM, Joseph Edward, 

Progressive Business Man. 

As insurance manager and as a Penn- 
sylvania manufacturer, Mr. Durham has 
state-wide reputation. His insurance 
business, one of the largest in the United 
States has, since 1897, been located in the 
Stephen Girard Building, Philadelphia; 
his manufacturing interests in Allentown 
and elsewhere. 

Mr. Durham descends from James 
Durham, a Scotch-Irish Presbyterian, 
who founded the family in Pennsylvania, 
fought in the war of the Revolution, was 
captured at Fort Freeland in 1779 and 
confined at Fort Niagara for a long time. 
He married, in 1774, Margaret McClin- 
tock, born about 1750, died February 8, 
1828. In 177S she was captured and 
scalped by the Indians, but survived that 
inhuman deed about fifty years. Hef 
father and two brothers, Matthew and 
John McClintock, were soldiers of the 



1657 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Revolution, all killed July 28, 1779, with 
others of Captain Hawkins Boone's com- 
pany, marching to the relief of Fort Free- 
land at McClungs, near Milton, Pennsyl- 
vania. 

James (2) Durham, son of James (i) 
and Margaret Durham, lived at Milton, 
Pennsylvania, a farmer, merchant and 
distiller. His wife. Charlotte (Gaston) 
Durham, was a daughter of Joseph, 
granddaughter of Robert and great- 
grandaughtcr of Joseph (i) Gaston, of 
New Jersey, of French Huguenot blood, 
tracing to Jean Baptiste Gaston, Grand 
Duke of Tuscany, son of Louis XIII., of 
France. Charlotte (Gaston) Durham 
was a sister of Rev. Daniel Gaston, con ■ 
iiected with Lafayette College in its early 
days and pastor of Gaston Memorial 
Church in Philadelphia. 

Joseph Gaston Durham, son of James 
(2) and Charlotte Durham, married Mar- 
garet Laird Lowry, a daughter of James 
McLenahan Lowry, a soldier of the war 
of 1812, son of Samuel Lowry, son of 
Hugh Lowry, who left Scotland in 1760, 
died in Ireland in 1761. Mrs. Margaret 
(Lowry) Lowry, widow of Hugh Lowry. 
came to Pennsylvania with her children 
in 1774, settling in the northw ,lstern part 
of the state, and there purchasing a tract 
of ten thousand acres, which she subse- 
quently lost in suit with the Holland 
Land Company. Sarah (Laird) Lowry, 
wife of James McLenahan Lowry, traced 
descent to Matthew Laird, who came to 
Pennsylvania prior to 1750, and to Hon. 
James McLenahan, who settled in Han- 
over township, Lancaster county, prior 
to 1735. afterward moving to White 
Deer township, then in Northumberland 
county, member of the Committee of 
Safety of Northumberland county, 1776, 
one of those who met at Lancaster, July 
4, 1776', to elect two brigadier-generals; 
member of Assembly, 1783. 

Joseph Edward Durham, son of Joseph 



Gaston and Margaret Laird (Lowry) 
Durham, was born near Watsontown, 
Northumberland county, Pennsylvania, 
October 22, 1857. His early education 
was obtained at Dewart and Watsontown 
academies, completing his preparatory 
study at Bloomsburg State Normal School 
in 1873 and 1874. He then entered Lafay- 
ette College whence he was graduated 
with honors, classical course, class of 
1878. He was class day presentation 
orator, president one term of Franklin 
Hall, member of Delta Kappa Epsilon, 
and other college organizations, ranking 
as one of the leading students and pop- 
ular men of his class. After leaving La- 
fayette he began the study of law under 
Flon. Franklin Bound, of Milton, Penn- 
sylvania, continuing study under Bent- 
ley and Parker, of Williamsport. In Oc- 
tober, 1882, he was admitted to the Ly- 
coming county bar, but the illness of his 
father, then president of the Watsontown 
National Bank, called him home, which 
prevented his engaging in practice. He 
became a member of the mercantile firm 
J. E. Durham & Company, during his 
years of legal study and for several years 
he continued interests in mercantile and 
manufacturing enterprises. 

After the death of his father, January 
26, 1883, J. Edward Durham formed a 
connection with the Penn Mutual Life 
Insurance Company, of Philadelphia, and 
in May, 1883, located in AUentown as 
general agent for the Lehigh Valley. In 
i88.| he was transferred to Williamsport 
as general agent for North Central Penn- 
sylvania, remaining there until February, 
1887, when he became a member of the 
firm. Bourne & Durham, general man- 
agers of the Penn Mutual for Northeast- 
ern and Central Pennsylvania, with ter- 
ritory in New York and New Jersey. The 
firm established central offices in Allen- 
town and made that city their official 
headquarters until the close of 1897, when 
658 




^^A^^^^ 



.^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAniY 



the city of Philadelphia was added to 
their territory and headquarter offices 
opened in the Stephen Girard Building in 
Philadelphia. In 1900 Mr. Bourne re- 
tired from active participation in the busi- 
ness, which has since been conducted by 
Mr. Durham alone, his being one of the 
largest and most important of the many 
agencies of the Penn Mutual, of which 
company he has been for many years a 
trustee. Mr. Durham in addition to be- 
ing a trustee of the Penn Mutual Life 
Insurance Company of Philadelphia, is a 
director of the Standard Cast Iron Pipe 
& Foundry Company of Bristol, and of 
the National Bank of Germantown. He 
accjuired interests in public utilities cor- 
porations and in the manufacturing 
world, being president of the Bonney 
Vise & Tool Works (Incorporated) of 
Allentown, and otherwise interested in 
the activities of that city. He was one 
of the incorporators of the Flint Light 
& Power Company, of Flint, Michigan, 
serving that corporation as president. 

Mr. Durham is a member of the Phil- 
adelphia Life Insurance Underwriters 
Association, formerly its president, was 
among the first presidents of the Living- 
ston Club of Allentown, is a member of 
the Union League Club, the Pen and 
Pencil Club, the Automobile Club of Ger- 
mantown, the Merion Cricket Club and 
the Lehigh Country Club. He is a mem- 
ber of the Masonic order and the Pres- 
byterian Church of Germantown, and in 
political faith is a Republican. His resi- 
dence in Philadelphia and winter home is 
No. 319 West Johnson street, German- 
town. 

Mr. Durham married, June 29, 188 1, 
Nellie R. Stranahan, born March 2, 1859, 
daughter of Dr. Daniel V. Stranahan, a 
noted physician of his day, and his wife, 
Rebecca (Jackson) Stranahan, daughter 
of David Jackson, of Warren, Pennsyl- 
vania. The Stranahan ancestry traces 

I 



to James Stranahan, born 1699, died 1782, 
who came to Rhode Island from the north 
of Ireland in 1725. Children of Joseph 
E. and Nellie R. Stranahan: Joseph 
Edward (2), now vice-president and sec- 
retary of the Bonney Vise & Tool Works 
(Incorporated) ; Fred Stranahan, vice- 
president and treasurer, Bonney Vise & 
Tool Works (Incorporated) ; Lowry 
Stranahan, born October 11, 1888, died 
May 20, 1890, and Eleanor Lewis Dur- 
ham. Both sons are graduates of Prince- 
ton University, class of 1906, and associ- 
ated in manufacturing with their father. 



McCULLOUGH, Jacob Nessly, 

Prominent Railroad Official. 

In writing of the pioneers of Pittsburgh 
and the region now known as the Middle 
West it is necessary to distinguish be- 
tween the men of the Colonial and Revo- 
lutionary periods and those who came 
in with the nineteenth century. These 
it was who built railroads and steam- 
boats, operated mines and caused gigan- 
tic iron and steel works to darken the 
heavens with their smoke by day and 
illuminate them with their fires by night. 
In thinking of the marvellous network of 
railroads which now centre in Pittsburgh, 
and which have brought power and pros- 
perity to the metropolis and to all the 
vast region round about, the name of 
Jacob Nessly McCullough instinctively 
rises to our lips and we see in retrospec- 
tive vision the commanding form of the 
man in whose genius this mighty system 
had its origin. For more than thirty 
years Mr. McCullough was president of 
the Pittsburgh & Cleveland Railroad 
Company, and for a briefer period, during 
the latter portion of his life, was first 
vice-president and executive officer of the 
Pennsylvania Company. 

William McCollough (so he spelled the 
name), father of Jacob Nessly McCul- 
lough, was as his patronymic denotes, of 

659 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Scottish ancestry, but whether born in 
the land of Knox and Burns the record 
does not inform us. We find him in 
Ohio, where he accumulated a fortune in 
the steamboat business and as a salt 
manufacturer. He married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Jacob and Nancy (Myers) 
Nessly, and granddaughter of Jacob 
Nessly, who was one of the first settlers 
in Ohio and owned all the land around 
Yellow Creek, and a large amount of 
what is now Hancock county, West Vir- 
ginia. He came to Virginia in 1785, from 
Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, and 
took up seven thousand acres of land on 
the Ohio river which have ever since 
remained in the possession of his de- 
scendants. The one hundredth anniver- 
sary of his settlement was celebrated by 
the family, his granddaughter, Nancy 
Hewitt, who was present, being the old- 
est living descendant. Mr. and Mrs. Mc- 
Collough were the parents of the follow- 
ing children : Jacob Nessly, mentioned 
below; Mary Anne, married Duncan Mc- 
Donald, of Pittsburgh, and had four chil- 
dren ; John, married Jennie Arbuckle, of 
Pittsburgh, and had three childrep ; Hes- 
ter, married Isaiah Grafton, and had one 
daughter, Elizabeth, who became the 
wife of Charles F. Nevin, of Sewickley, 
Pennsylvania, and had two sons, both of 
whom are now deceased ; Samuel, now 
deceased ; William G., lives on the old 
hfimestead at Yellow Creek, near Wells- 
ville, Ohio ; and Nancy, married Carter 
>.'urtis Blair, of Pittsburgh, and had two 
children, Howard, of Sewickley, Penn- 
sylvania, and Elizabeth, wife of Dr. Her- 
bert M. Bishop, of Los Angeles, Cali- 
fornia. William McCollough, the father 
of the family, passed away November 28, 
1857, leaving to his four sons independ- 
ent fortunes, and, what was of infinitely 
greater value, the priceless legacy of a 
good example and an honorable name. 
Jacob Nessly McCullough, son of Wil- 

I 



Ham and Elizabeth (Nessly) McCollough, 
was born September 5, 1821, at Yellow 
Cireek, Ohio. He received his education 
in the country schools. Until reaching 
his majority he was the energetic assist- 
ant of his father, both on the farm and in 
matters of business, but afterward he 
entered upon the independent course in 
which he was destined to achieve dis- 
tinction. Going to Wellsville, Ohio, he 
became a member of the firm of D. and 
L\ McDonald, wholesale grocers, and ere 
lor.g clearly demonstrated the fact that 
nature had intended him for a business 
career For fifteen years he was a potent 
factor in the conduct of a flourishing 
trade, spending his winters in New 
Orleans purchasing molasses, sugar and 
other Southern products for the firm. 

The sphere of finance, also, had attrac- 
tions for Mr. McCullough, and in it he 
gave striking proof of his ability. The 
year which witnessed the election of 
James Buchanan to the presidency of 
the United States was the year in which 
this successful business man became a 
banker. In association with John S. Mc- 
intosh, of Wellsville, Ohio, he founded 
the house of Mcintosh, McCullough & 
Company. Mr McCullough had by this 
time accumulated a comfortable fortune 
and begun to invest in railroad proper- 
ties. 

One of his first ventures was to become 
the financial backer of a contractor who 
built a section of the Cleveland & Pitts- 
burgh Railroad, and subsequently he be- 
came agent of this line at Wellsville, 
Ohio. The road did not pay, but in 1858, 
when its afifairs were at the lowest ebb, 
it was McCullough to the rescue ! In that 
year Mr. McCullough was elected presi- 
dent and the road was saved. In the brief 
period of five years, by economy and 
good management, he lifted it out of debt 
and made it one of the best paying rail- 
road properties in the United States. He 
660 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



retained the presidency to the close of 
his life. 

Not long after Mr. McCullough had 
given this brilliant proof of his ability as 
a man of affairs, Fisk and Gould were at 
the height of their Erie successes and 
were eager for another chance at a rich 
road. Their eyes fell on the Cleveland & 
Pittsburgh and they set quietly to work. 
With what result? In 1868, Fisk and 
Gould, with Lane, their New York part- 
ner lawyer, had secured the majority of 
the stock of the road of which Mr. Mc- 
Cullough was president. The conspira- 
tors elected a dummy board, prepared to 
issue all the bonds the road would bear. 
It is related as an incident of the election 
that when the paymaster of the road 
picked up his inkstand and said he was 
going to put it away lest they should 
steal it, Mr. Lane bluntly retorted : "We 
don't steal that sort of thing, it's rail- 
roads we're after." But the scheming 
triumvirate knew not the man with whom 
they had to deal. Most truly was it said 
of Mr. McCullough that "though slow to 
provoke antagonism in business he was 
a man of unshrinking courage." He 
promptly challenged the Fisk, Gould and 
Lane management in the courts, threw 
the road into the hands of a receiver (ten 
years before he had saved it by having 
himself appointed receiver), and forced 
a surrender upon men little accustomed 
to defeat. It was one of the greatest 
triumphs of principle ever recorded in the 
history of railroads. A compromise was 
finally reached, Mr. McCullough resum- 
ing control of the road, which shortly 
afterward became part of the Pennsyl- 
vania system. 

His pronounced ability and marked 
success had, long ere this, attracted the 
attention of railroad men, and in 1863 he 
had been offered the position of general 
superintendent of the Pittsburgh, Fort 
Wayne & Chicago road. At that time 



the Fort Wayne, with insuthcient equip- 
ment and crippled by various causes, was 
doing a limited business. With charac- 
teristic clear-sightedness the new super- 
intendent discerned the heart of the 
trouble. Proceeding on the theory that 
what the company needed was tonnage, 
and that equipment and extension would 
follow as a necessity, he directed his en- 
ergies to the care of the commercial in- 
terests of the concern. In every con- 
ceivable quarter he sought and got traf- 
fic, pouring into the Fort Wayne such a 
tremendous volume of trade that the road 
in a few years became known as a trunk 
line of the first importance. 

The achievements of Mr. McCullough 
in connection with this road attracted the 
notice of the leading railroad men of the 
United States and thenceforth he was an 
acknowledged power in every interest 
identified with the general railroad affairs 
of the country. In 1871 the Fort Wayne 
line was leased by the Pennsylvania Rail- 
road Company and Mr. McCullough was 
promoted to the position of general man- 
ager. Several years after what was 
known as the Pennsylvania Company 
was organized, and of this concern Mr. 
AlcCullough was elected first vice-presi- 
dent and executive officer. The Pitts- 
burgh, Cincinnati & St. Louis Railroad 
(Panhandle) and all other Pennsylvania 
lines west of Pittsburgh, numbering in 
all several score of greater or less im- 
portance, were also included in his juris- 
diction, and these ofBces he retained to 
the last day of his life. 

In connection with Mr. McCullough's 
administration of this great trust the fol- 
lowing sentence stands on record: "His 
services in perfecting the almost flawless 
combination which these roads formed 
were of incalculable value." Throughout 
the system he had charge of matters re- 
lating to transportation, rates, construc- 
tion and improvement. His special pride 
661 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



was the road with which he had first 
become connected — the old Cleveland 
& Pittsburgh, for which he secured the 
most complete terminal facilities of any 
line entering Cleveland and with which 
he was identified for nearly forty years. 
On this road, so peculiarly his own, he 
was familiarly known as "The General." 

In politics Mr. McCullough was a Re- 
publican, but never took an active part in 
the afifairs of the organization beyond 
contributing to campaign funds. In re- 
ligion he was a Presbyterian as was his 
father before him. His phenomenal suc- 
cess Mr. McCullough attributed to execu- 
tive ability, methodical habits and infinite 
capacity for hard work. Modest in man- 
ner and frugal in living, he had great 
perceptive powers and an insight into 
character which was absolutely unerring. 
Pie was of noble presence. His hair and 
full beard were black, his eyes dark and 
piercing. His words were few, but always 
to the point. For any man wHo evaded 
a contract or told a lie he had a thorough 
and lasting contempt. Warm-hearted 
and loyal in his attachments, he possessed 
a loftiness of character and a personal 
magnetism which surrounded him with 
friends and commanded the most pro- 
found respect. 

Mr. McCullough married, September 
22, 1852, Rebecca T. Andrews, and they 
became the parents of two children, one 
of whom, Ida May, died young, and the 
other, Mary Elizabeth, became the wife 
of Harry Darlington, a biography and 
portrait of whom appear in this work. 
In inherited characteristics Mrs. Darling- 
ton is a true representative of her dis- 
tinguished father, possessing, in combi- 
nation with a charming womanly person- 
ality, much of his force of character and 
strength of purpose. 

On February 8, 1891, Mr. McCullough 
passed away, "full of years and of 
honors." His city and his state mourned 



him, and far beyond the confines of Penn- 
sylvania it was felt that a great person- 
ality had been withdrawn from the scenes 
of a long brilliant and most honorable 
career. The following tribute most truly 
expressed the public sentiment: 

"For more than thirty years Mr. Mc- 
Cullough has been a power in the rail- 
road management of the country. In 
peace and war he always held his own. 
Never unduly aggressive, always ready to 
concede just claims, he held the respect 
and confidence of both friends and foes. 
His clear, cool judgments will be sorely 
missed by many of his contemporaries. 
He was a man of great perceptive power, 
good judgment of men, had the magnetic 
power of attracting friends, was frugal in 
his habits, unostentatious, kind to every 
one, easily approached by his men and all 
men, afifectionate to his family; a man to 
be remembered by all who knew him." 

Jacob Nessly McCullough was a man 
who did large things in a large way, be- 
cause his nature was of grander mould 
than is often met with in any sphere of 
activity or walk of life. Generous, high- 
minded, of invincible will and valiant 
tenacity of purpose, he overcame the 
force of adverse circumstances and the 
machinations of dishonest men and his 
name has passed into history as that of 
one of the noblest upbuilders of the great- 
ness of the city of Pittsburgh and of three 
mighty states of the American Union. 



NIMICK, William Kennedy, 

Prominent Manufacturer and Financier. 

jVmong the names eminent in the busi- 
ness world of Pittsburgh during the mid- 
dle decades of the nineteenth century that 
of the late William Kennedy Nimick, of 
the famous old firm of Singer, Nimick & 
Company, holds a foremost place. For a 
period of thirty years Mr. Nimick was 
conspicuously identified with the manu- 
facturing and financial interests of his 
662 




//f /fu/ in Jl ) on I c/i 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



native city and was ever zealous in the 
promotion of all movements that medi- 
tated her truest progress and most essen- 
tial welfare. 

William Nimick, father of William 
Kennedy Nimick, was a native of Ireland, 
and in 1813 emigrated to the United 
States, coming from County Antrim. He 
settled first in Philadelphia, removing in 
1817 to Pittsburgh, and early becoming 
identified with the commercial life of that 
city. For years he was engaged in the 
wholesale grocery business on Market 
street, and in the Pittsburgh directory for 
1826 his name appears as that of a mer- 
chant. In politics he was a Whig, but 
never consented to become a candidate 
for office. Mr. Nimick married, in Ire- 
land, Jane Kennedy, of an ancient Irish 
family whose origin and early history 
are appended to this sketch, and their 
children were: i. Jane, died April 5, 1867. 
2. James, born in 1818, died in 1881 ; mar- 
ried Harriet Matthews, born in 1818, died 
in 1892 ; children : William Albert, de- 
ceased ; Bella, married Walter Berringer, 
of Pittsburgh ; and James, deceased. 3. 
Alexander. 4. Mary Ann, died January 
23, 1896. 5. William Kennedy, mentioned 
below. 6. Elizabeth, died January 3, 
1882. 7. Sarah, died April 26, 1873. 

The mother of these children died 
September 8, 1857, five years after her 
husband, he having passed away June 10, 
1852, some years after his retirement 
from business. William Nimick, himself 
a man of prominence, was the founder of 
one of Pittsburgh's dynasties — a dynasty 
industrial, financial and philanthropic, his 
descendants in the third generation stand- 
ing to-day in the front rank of the bankers, 
manufacturers and public-spirited citizens 
of the metropolis of Pennsylvania. 

William Kennedy, son of William and 
Jane (Kennedy) Nimick, was born May 

PEN— 14 I 



25, 1823, in Pittsburgh, and received his 
education in the schools of his native city. 
At an early age he became a clerk in the 
forwarding and commission house of 
Michael Allen & Company, and in the 
course of a few years was admitted to 
partnership. The business became very 
extensive, largely through the eflforts of 
Mr. Nimick and his brother Alexander, 
who was also associated with the firm, 
and on the death of Mr. Allen, in 1845, 
the concern was purchased by the two 
brothers, who conducted it under the 
name of Nimick & Company. They were 
extremely successful, and in 1848 Mr. 
Nimick associated himself with the firm 
of Singer, Nimick & Company, steel 
manufacturers. Nimick & Company, in 
addition to the commission and forward- 
ing business, engaged largely in pig metal, 
prospering in this also. The record of 
Singer, Nimick & Company, with their 
great steel works, forms part of the indus- 
trial annals of Pittsburgh, but their suc- 
cess was largely due to the indomitable 
perseverance, boldness of operation and 
far-sighted sagacity of Mr. Nimick. He 
was also a member of Phillips, Nimick & 
Company, owners of the Sligo Rolling 
Mills, and of the Jacobus-Nimick Com- 
pany. 

With the financial interests of Pitts- 
burgh, Mr. Nimick was also prominently 
associated. He was one of the original 
stockholders of the Pittsburgh Trust 
Company, which later became the First 
National Bank and is now the reorganized 
First-Second National Bank. To the close 
of his life Mr. Nimick was vice-president 
of this institution. He was a director of 
the Pittsburgh Bank for Savings, and a 
stockholder in many other banks, insur- 
ance companies and monied institutions. 
As a stockholder and director of the Alle- 
gheny Valley railroad, Mr. Nimick as- 
sisted Colonel William Phillips in the ex- 
663 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tension of that road to Oil City, rendering 
this enterprise possible by the financial 
aid which he extended in a time of need. 

In all concerns relative to the welfare 
of Pittsburgh, Mr. Nimick took a deep 
and lively interest. In politics he was 
first a Whig and later a Republican, but 
always steadily refused to accept office, 
preferring to concentrate his energies on 
the strenuous duties and momentous re- 
sponsibilities of the great business organ- 
izations with which he was officially con- 
nected. Of the duties of citizenship he 
was never neglectful, rendering unfailing 
support to all measures which he deemed 
calculated to promote the public welfare. 
He was a member of the Pittsburgh 
Chamber of Commerce. A liberal giver 
to charity, he ever sought, in the be- 
stowal of his benefactions, to shun the 
public gaze. His church was the Pres- 
byterian. 

In person Mr. Nimick was tall and slen- 
der, with gray-blue eyes, black hair and 
features expressive of quiet determina- 
tion. His demeanor, while forceful and 
resolute, carried with it the suggestion of 
a nature gentle and genial, and I's man- 
ners, dignified and polished, commanded 
respect and elicited regard. Quick of de- 
cision and firm of purpose, he lived up to 
the letter and spirit of his word and was 
of unfailing fidelity in friendship. 

Mr. Nimick married Elizabeth, born 
October 21, 1824, daughter of Francis 
and Mary A. (Beltzhoover) Bailey, and 
granddaughter of Jacob and Elizabeth 
(Livingston) Bailey. The Baileys held a 
one-hundred-year lease on an estate on 
the Baun Waters, near Colerain, Ireland, 
and the Livingstons were an old Scottish 
family. Francis Bailey came from Ire- 
land in 1814, settling first in Philadelphia 
and in 1820 removing to Pittsburgh. A 
full account of the Bailey family may be 
found in the biography of the late James 



M. Bailey which, together with his por- 
trait, appears elsewhere in this work. 

Following are the children of Mr. and 
Mrs. Nimick: i. Mary Bailey, born De- 
cember 10, 1847; married Anthony S. 
Murray, of Pittsburgh, and died Septem- 
ber 22, 1888, leaving two children : Wil- 
liam Nimick, president of the Standard 
Auto Company of Pittsburgh, and Alex- 
ander, deceased. 2. Frank Bailey, a prom- 
inent business man of Pittsburgh whose 
biography and portrait appear on another 
page of this work. 3. Elizabeth Kennedy, 
married John Milton Bonham, and died 
April 6, 1886, aged thirty-three years. 4. 
William, died June 6, 1859, aged three 
years and nine months. 5. Jennie L., mar- 
ried David Glenn Stewart, whose biog- 
raphy and portrait appears elsewhere in 
this work. 6. Alexander Kennedy, de- 
ceased, whose biography and portrait are 
on another page of this work. 7. Blanche, 
who died August 5, 1863, aged four 
months. 

Mrs. Nimick was a woman whose 
gracious tact, kindness and thoughtful- 
ness endeared her to all who were 
brought within the sphere of her fine in- 
fluence. She was an ideal wife and 
mother, making her husband's fireside the 
place where he passed his happiest hours, 
devoted as he was to the ties of home and 
family. He delighted to entertain his 
friends and all who were ever privileged 
to be his guests could testify to his charm 
as a host. On May 10, 1866, he was de- 
prived by death of the companion of more 
than twenty years. 

In the prime of life and before he had 
begun to feel the encroachments of ad- 
vancing years, Mr. Nimick closed his 
career of usefulness and honor, passing 
away April 19, 1875, leaving to his chil- 
dren not material wealth alone, but the 
far richer legacy of an unsullied character 
and an upright life. What he was to his 



1664 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



city may be faintly and imperfectly under- 
stood from the following appreciations. 

The Pittsburgh Chamber of Commerce, 
at a meeting held April 19, 1875, paid him 
this tribute : "The Chamber of Commerce 
of Pittsburgh have learned with profound 
regret of the death of William K. Nimick, 
for many years so prominently and honor- 
ably connected with the growth and de- 
velopment of the business interests of this 
city. In all the relations of life he was 
known for his manly fidelity to every 
trust and his unvarying courtesy to every 
one with whom he came in contact. His 
business career furnishes a conspicuous 
example to those beginning life of the 
highest success, achieved by force and 
integrity of character alone, and as an 
example of industry, sagacity and up- 
rightness is worthy of all imitation." 

The "Pittsburgh Commercial" said, in 
part : "As a citizen Mr. Nimick was enter- 
prising, progressive and patriotic; as a 
business man he was prompt, sagacious, 
upright and honorable ; and in his social 
relations he was kind, genial, generous 
and devoted. He was beloved by family 
and friends, and respected and honored 
by all who knew him." 

The "Pittsburgh Post" said, in part : 
"From his youth he had been closely iden- 
tified with the great industrial interests of 
Pittsburgh, and his death will be a great 
loss to these interests. In every respect 
William K. Nimick stood foremost among 
our best citizens. We do not speak in the 
general sense of good citizenship, but in 
the sense that the finest and best qualities 
of the title met in him. While no man 
was more enterprising than Mr. Nimick, 
no man could be more generous in the 
application of his means. He did not 
throw away his means, but used them 
with a judicious generosity, which, while 
it reflected credit upon his head and heart, 
enabled others to achieve competence and 
comfort. * * * There was no public 



enterprise in which Mr. Nimick did not 
take an active part, giving of his means 
more liberally even than of his counsels, 
and there was no deserving charity that 
appealed to his nature in vain. We have 
no words adequate to express properly 
the loss the community suffers in his 
death." 

William Kennedy Nimick was the 
bearer of two distinguished names, one 
renowned in the industrial and financial 
annals of the New World and the other 
famous in the history of the Old, and to 
both of them the record of his noble and 
useful life has imparted added lustre. 

(The Kennedy Family). 

The Kennedy family of Ireland derives 
its origin from Milesius, King of Spain, 
through Heber, third son of that mon- 
arch, and oldest of those who conquered 
the Tuatha de Dananns and colonized 
Ireland. The Kennedys were of the Dal- 
cassian tribe, founded by Cas, son of 
Olliol Ollum, first absolute king of Mun- 
ster, A. D. 177. The founder of the 
Kennedy family was Kennedy, King of 
Thomond, or North Munster, who reigned 
in the middle of the tenth century. The 
name was taken from Cinneidigh, son 
of Dunehuan, brother of Brian Boru. 
The ancient name was Ceanadh, or 
Ceannfhada, which signifies "Favoring," 
and the titles of the chiefs were Lord of 
Ormond and Chief of Thire. They pos- 
sessed lands in Kerry, Clare, Tipperary, 
Antrim and Colerain. The original coun- 
try of the Kennedys was Glen Omra, em- 
bracing the present parish of Killoken- 
nedy, in the county of Clare, but during 
the civil wars of Thomond they were 
partly pushed out, although some of the 
race remained and their descendants are 
to be found in Glen Orma and its vicin- 
ity. The O'Kennedys, after crossing the 
Shannon, settled in Tipperary, where 
they possessed the barony of Upper Or- 
665 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



mond, which was then much more exten- 
sive than it was in more modern times. 
The sept subsequently subdivided into 
three branches, namely, the O'Kennedy 
Finn, or Fair, the O'Kennedy Don, or 
Brown, and the O'Kennedy Ruadh, or 
Red. The chiefs of the O'Kennedys re- 
tained their titles as Princes or Lords of 
Ormond, and held their broad possessions 
down to the reign of Elizabeth. 

The O'Kennedys took a prominent part 
in the war of the Revolution of 1688, 
many of them being officers in the horse, 
foot and dragoon regiments of James the 
Second. Many of them were accordingly 
proscribed by the adherents of William, 
Prince of Orange, and deprived of their 
estates. In the Irish Brigade in France 
the O'Kennedys were also well repre- 
sented. They contributed officers to the 
regiments of O'Brien, Clare, Lee, Bulke- 
ley, Dillon, Berwick and others, and we 
read their names among those who were 
honored for their services with the Order 
of Chevaliers of St. Louis. One of them, 
Captain Kennedy, of Clare's Regiment, 
was killed at Fontency, and another, Cap- 
tain Kennedy, was slain at the battle of 
Lauffielt. 

From this ancient race of royal origin 
was descended Jane Kennedy, wife of 
William Nimick and mother of William 
Kennedy Nimick. 



NIMICK, Frank Bailey, 

Man of Large Affairs. 

The men who have occupied leading 
places in the business world of Pitts- 
burgh have been men able to stamp their 
own individuality upon the interests di- 
rectly under their control and thus make 
them merge into those general conditions 
which go to make up the city's welfare. 
Prominent among these men is Frank 
Bailey Nimick, for many years secretary 
and manasfer of the celebrated firm of 



Singer, Nimick & Company and now 
officially associated with a number of 
leading business and financial organiza- 
tions of the Iron City. 

Frank Bailey Nimick was born Decem- 
ber 14, 1849, iri Pittsburgh, and is a son of 
the late William Kennedy and Elizabeth 
(Bailey) Nimick. A biography and por- 
trait of William Kennedy Nimick, includ- 
ing the Nimick genealogy, appears on a 
preceding page in this work. Frank 
Bailey Nimick was educated in the schools 
of his native city and at the Western Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, now the Univer- 
sity of Pittsburgh, and began his busi- 
ness life by associating himself with the 
firm of Singer, Nimick & Company, in 
which his father and his uncle, Alexander 
Nimick, were partners. By industry, 
joined to innate ability, the young man 
acquired a thorough knowledge of steel 
manufacture, advancing step by step en- 
tirely on his own merits until he became 
manager and finally secretary and man- 
ager. This responsible position he filled 
most ably for a number of years, and in 
1902 resigned, the company having in 
1900 been merged with the Crucible Steel 
Company of America. 

Much of Mr. Nimick's time is now de- 
voted to looking after his extensive pri- 
vate interests, and he also maintains a 
connection with various enterprises. He 
is vice-president of the Duquesne Inclined 
Plane Company, director in the Monon- 
gahela Inclined Plane Company and the 
Dollar Savings Bank, and a director of the 
Exchange National Bank, the West End 
Savings Bank and Trust Company and the 
First-Second National Bank (his father 
having been for a number of years vice- 
president of the First National, which was 
later merged with the Second National, 
the reorganized institution thus forming 
the First-Second National), and a director 
of the Colonial Steel Company. 



1666 



I . 




/'Vv^^^-^ ^, /'^LCi'KX.cJ^ 




5..c^ 




rhe Century r'ab 2. Eng. C q, Lhicagc 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



As a true citizen, Mr. Nimick is always 
ready to give practical aid to any move- 
ment which he believes would advance the 
public welfare. He affiliates with the Re- 
publicans. The educational, political char- 
itable and religious interests which consti- 
tute the chief features in the life of every 
city, have all profited by his support and 
cooperation. He is a member of the 
executive boards of the Homoeopathic 
Hospital and the Pittsburgh Free Dis- 
pensary, and serves on the executive com- 
mittee of the Allegheny Cemetery Com- 
pany. He belongs to the Pittsburgh Ath- 
letic Association and the Pittsburgh, Oak- 
mont Country and Pittsburgh Automo- 
bile Clubs, serving on the board of the 
last-named. 

The countenance of Mr. Nimick is that 
of a man of deep convictions and great 
force of character, energy and intensity 
being strongly stamped on his massive 
features. The grey eyes look you straight 
in the face in an open, candid manner and 
his hair and moustache are iron gray. As 
a progressive business man he is regarded 
as a safe adviser, his enterprise being tem- 
pered by a wise conservatism, and for the 
same reason his influence is potent in all 
boards upon which he serves. His nature 
is most kindly and companionable and his 
manners, while dignified, are warmly 
genial. The number of his friends is 
legion and the success he has gained is 
one not to be measured by financial pros- 
perity alone, but by the gentle amenities 
and congenial associations that go to sat- 
isfy man's kaleidoscopic nature. 

Mr. Nimick married, November 20, 
1888, Eleanor Howard, daughter of the 
late Thomas M. and Mary Ann (Palmer) 
Howe, and they became the parents of 
the following children: Francis Bailey, 
born September 29, 1890, educated at 
Thurston School and Shady Side Acad- 
emy, Pittsburgh, and Princeton Univer- 
sity, graduating in 1913, and now with 



Colonial Steel Company; Thomas M. H., 
born January 19, 1892, educated at same 
institutions as his elder brother and a 
graduate of Princeton, class of 1915, and 
now attending Harvard Law School ; and 
William Kennedy, born November 18, 
1897, attended Thurston School, gradu- 
ate of Shady Side Academy, and now 
attending Princeton, class 1919. The eld- 
est of these sons has recently entered 
upon a business career and the others 
will successively take their places in such 
spheres of action as their talents and 
tastes shall incline them to — all worthily 
upholding in the years to come the well- 
earned prestige of the family name. 

A man of strong domestic affections, 
Mr. Nimick ever found in his home the 
sources of his highest happiness, one of 
his greatest pleasures being the exercise 
of hospitality. She who was the presid- 
ing genius of his fireside passed away 
January 25, 1904. 

The record of Frank Bailey Nimick is 
that of an able, aggressive business man 
and an upright, public-spirited citizen. 
He is a true man of his race. 



SINGER, George, Jr., 

Enterprising Citizen. 

Pittsburgh, the spot repeatedly drench- 
ed with the blood of French and British 
pioneers, has been advanced to her pres- 
ent position of proud supremacy by other 
pioneers who won their laurels in times 
of peace — the pioneers of the great steel 
industry, who set in motion those mills 
and furnaces which by day darken the 
sky with incessant smoke and at night 
redden the heavens. As we direct our 
gaze into the years that are gone we can 
discern — conspicuous among these heroes 
of the past — the figure of George Singer, 
Jr., for nearly half a century of the firm 
of Singer, Nimick & Company, that 
famous and long-enduring power in the 
business world of Western Pennsylvania. 



1667 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Simon Singer, grandfather of George 
Singer, Jr., was born in Carlisle, Pennsyl- 
vania, and later moved to Greensburg, in 
the same State. He married Mary Claus- 
sen and sons and daughters were born to 
them. 

George, son of Simon and Mary (Claus- 
sen) Singer, was born in 1797, in Greens- 
burg, Pennsylvania, and in 1833 removed 
to Pittsburgh, where he engaged in busi- 
ness. He married Elizabeth Flieger, and 
they became the parents of eight children. 

George (2), son of George (i) and Eliz- 
abeth (Flieger) Singer, was born January 
16, 1832, in Greensburg, Pennsylvania, 
and was but one year old when his par- 
ents removed to Pittsburgh. He received 
his preparatory education in the schools 
of that city, afterward entering the West- 
ern (now Pittsburgh) University. His 
entrance into business life was made in 
the office of John F. Singer & A. M. 
Wallingford, a firm conducting a general 
commission and forwarding business, re- 
maining until the organization of the firm 
of Singer, Hartman & Company, steel 
manufacturers, with which he became 
identified. In i860 the style was changed 
to Singer, Nimick & Company, Mr. Singer 
becoming the senior partner. He was 
also elected secretary and treasurer of the 
company, positions which he held for 
more than forty years. In addition to 
exceptional business talents Mr. Singer 
possessed resolute industry, purity of 
purpose and integrity of conduct, and on 
these foundation stones the fair structure 
of his success was reared. He was be- 
loved by his employes, trusted by his 
business associates and honored by all. 
Never did he allow questionable methods 
to enter into any of his transactions and 
over the record of his business life there 
falls no shadow of wrong or suspicion of 
evil. 

As a citizen with exalted ideas of good 



government and civic virtue, Mr. Singer 
stood in the front rank. A vigilant and 
attentive observer of men and measures, 
his opinions were recognized as sound 
and his views as broad, and his ideas 
therefore carried weight among those 
with whom he discussed public problems. 
A man of fine personal appearance, he 
was of a nature so genial and sympathetic 
as to win friends wherever he went. No 
good work done in the name of charity 
or religion sought his co-operation in 
vain, and he brought to bear in his work 
of this character the same discrimination 
and thoroughness which were manifest 
in his business life. In youth he became 
a member of the First Presbyterian 
Church, Pittsburgh, and later identified 
himself with the East Liberty Presby- 
terian Church, of which he was a mem- 
ber at the time of his death. 

Mr. Singer married, February 19, 1857, 
Oliveretta, daughter of Major William 
Graham, a veteran of the War of 1812, 
and five of the children born to them are 
now deceased. Those living are: W. 
Henry, married Julia B. Morgan ; E. 
Louise, married Stansbury Sutton, and 
has one child, Oliveretta Singer. There 
is also one grandson, George Singer Eb- 
bert, a prominent business man of Pitts- 
burgh. Mrs. Singer was a woman of rare 
qualities of mind and heart, and her hus- 
band found in her a helpmate truly ideal. 
Her death occurred April 6, 1914, in Pitts- 
burgh. The Singer home was one of the 
most attractive residences in that most 
beautiful part of Pittsburgh, the East 
End, and was the scene of many social 
gatherings. 

The death of Mr. Singer, which oc- 
curred March 2-j, 1903, deprived Pitts- 
burgh of one of her most respected citi- 
zens and foremost business men, one who 
fulfilled to the letter every trust com- 
mitted to him and was generous in his 



[668 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



feelings and conduct toward all. The 
character of the man can be best de- 
scribed in the words of a lifelong friend : 
"George Singer, Jr., was always a gentle- 
man, courteous and affable by nature. 
He was always straightforward and up- 
right in his business transactions. His 
word was all that any one who knew him 
required, and when that was once given 
it was sacred." 

To these words — so eloquent in their 
simplicity — what could be added? George 
Singer, Jr., — able business man, upright 
citizen, loyal friend — was one of the 
"Alakers of Pittsburgh." 



EVERSON, William Henry, 

Ironmaster, Financier. 

Sixty-nine years is a long time in the 
history of Pittsburgh, and the sixty-nine 
years between 1838 and 1907 embrace a 
period which witnessed the entire rise 
and progress of the city of the present 
day. Hardly one of the men who helped 
to create that rise and progress lived 
throughout the sixty-nine years, but this 
was the span of usefulness of the late 
William H. Everson, one of the organ- 
izers of the Pennsylvania Iron Works 
and an undisputed authority in all that 
pertained to an industry which lies at 
the foundation of Pittsburgh's greatness. 
Not only was Mr. Everson one of the 
pioneers of the iron world, but his influ- 
ence was powerfully felt in the realm of 
finance and in all that made for the bet- 
terment of conditions in his community. 

William H. Everson was born in 1818, 
in Gloucestershire, England, and was a 
son of William and Elizabeth (Winter) 
Everson. In 1838 the youth came with 
his father to the United States and to 
Pittsburgh, where the father died in 1854. 
Immediately on arriving in the city, Wil- 
liam H. Everson associated himself with 
the industry with which his name was 



thenceforth to be permanently identified, 
securing employment in the iron mill of 
Leonard & Company. 

During the years that he spent with 
this firm Mr. Everson became thoroughly 
familiar with every detail of the business, 
commending himself to his employers by 
unusual ability, untiring industry, ever- 
alert energy and the strictest honesty. 
The result was that in 1846 he found 
himself in circumstances to justify inde- 
pendent enterprise, and accordingly, in 
association with Barclay Preston, T. J. 
Hoskinson, Samuel Caskey and William 
Foale, he organized the Pennsylvania 
Iron Works. They were situated on 
Second avenue, near Tenth street, and 
were among the first of the kind. In 
these works was manufactured the first 
pair of steamboat shafts ever used on the 
Monongahela river. The business grew 
and prospered as it could hardly fail to do 
with a man like Mr. Everson at the head 
of affairs and in the course of time plants 
were erected at Scottdale and Everson, 
in Westmoreland county. Mr. Everson 
gave proof, in a wider field and on a 
larger scale, of the possession of the traits 
of character which had laid the founda- 
tion of his fortune by winning for him 
approval and confidence when he was but 
a youth beginning life for himself. No 
man in the business world stood higher 
or was more implicitly trusted. In 1888 
he retired. 

In the sphere of finance also, Mr. Ever- 
son was active and influential. In asso- 
ciation with the late William C. Macrum, 
he founded the Commercial Banking 
Company, which was later merged in 
what became the Marine National Bank. 
Of this institution Mr. Everson was presi- 
dent for a number of years. He was also 
one of the organizers of the People's Na- 
tional Bank. 

The political allegiance of Mr. Ever- 
son was given to the Republican party, 
669 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and there was no phase of citizenship in 
which he was not loyal to obHgation. He 
was present at the meeting held in the 
old Lafayette Hall, Pittsburgh, when the 
Republican party was launched. Espe- 
cially was Mr. Everson interested in the 
cause of education, manifesting his inter- 
est not by words alone, but in the far 
more convincing language of deeds. He 
was one of the originators of the Pitts- 
burgh Board of Education, and at one 
time he and the late David Hutchison 
supplied the old Eighth Ward school with 
funds in order that the children of that 
ward might enjoy educational benefits. 
]\Ir. Everson was one of the founders of 
the original Pittsburgh Young Men's 
Christian Association, and for sixty-five 
years held the offices of deacon and trus- 
tee in the First Baptist Church. He also 
served seven or eight years as organist 
of the church, being a musician of good 
taste. 

It was by force of character and lib- 
erality of sympathy and sentiment no less 
than by great abilities and brilliant suc- 
cess, that Mr. Everson acquired the in- 
fluence which strengthened with 'he lapse 
of years. In face and manner he showed 
himself to be what he was — a true gentle- 
man and a noble and kindly man. 

William H. Everson married (first) in 
1840, Mary, daughter of Benjamin and 
Elizabeth (Bissell) Harker, of East Liver- 
pool, Ohio. Mr. Harker was one of the 
founders of East Liverpool, and its first 
pottery manufacturer. The Harker fam- 
ily is allied to the Harcourts, who are 
English of Huguenot descent. Mr. and 
Mrs. Everson were the parents of the 
following children : Amelia, married Na- 
thaniel G. Macrum, of Pittsburgh, had 
seven children, and is now deceased, as is 
her husband ; John O. ; George H., died 
April II, 1912; Thomas Bissell; Barclay 
M., deceased ; Mary Gertrude, died young ; 
and Charlotte, wife of John C. Thomp- 



son, of East Liverpool, Ohio. Mrs. Ever- 
son died February 26, i860, and Mr. Ever- 
son married (second) in 1864, Sarah, 
daughter of the late William and Mary 
(Shuter) Alacrum, of Pittsburgh. Mr. 
Macrum was born in County Armagh, 
Ireland, whither his ancestors had mi- 
grated from Scotland on account of re- 
ligious persecution. They belonged to 
one of the clans, the name being spelled 
MacCrum, but in Ireland it assumed its 
present form. By his second marriage 
Mr. Everson became the father of two 
sons : William Henry, died October 20, 
1902; and Malcolm Wayland, a physician 
of Pittsburgh, whose biography appears 
on a following page. One of the most 
marked features of Mr. Everson's char- 
acter was devotion to the ties of family 
and friendship, and this, together with 
the congeniality of his domestic relations, 
made him always happiest at his own 
fireside, where he delighted to exercise 
hospitality. 

From the age of twenty to the tradi- 
tional limit of human life Mr. Everson 
was actively engaged in business. After 
half a century's service he enrolled him- 
self among the veterans and for nine- 
teen years he was a guide and counsellor 
to the younger generation. On April 11, 
1907, he passed away, leaving to his chil- 
dren and grandchildren not wealth alone 
but the far richer legacy of a noble and 
stainless life. 

Even when William H. Everson ceased 
from earth, his influence did not pass 
away. It is still felt in the city that he 
loved and Pittsburgh is to-day stronger, 
richer and happier because of his true 
life and lasting work. 



EVERSON, Malcolm Wayland, 

Physician and Surgeon. 

Among the leading medical practition- 
ers of Pittsburgh must be numbered Dr. 
Malcolm Wayland Everson, whose en- 



1670 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tire professional career of a quarter of a 
century has been associated with his na- 
tive city. Dr. Everson has during that 
period been the incumbent of positions 
which clearly demonstrate his high stand- 
ing as a physician. 

Malcolm Wayland Everson was born 
December 3, 1S67, in Pittsburgh, and is 
a son of the late William Plenry and 
Sarah (Macrum) Everson. On a preced- 
ing page of this work may be found a 
biography of Mr. Everson, who was one 
of the pioneer iron manufacturers of 
Pittsburgh. Alalcolm Wayland Everson 
received his preparatory education in the 
public schools of his native city and then 
entered the Western University of Penn- 
sylvania, now the University of Pitts- 
burgh, graduating in 1885 with the degree 
of Bachelor of Arts. Immediately there- 
after he matriculated at Jefferson Medical 
College, Philadelphia, and in 1889 that 
institution conferred upon him the de- 
gree of Doctor of Medicine. 

Without delay Dr. Everson opened an 
office in Pittsburgh, and has ever since 
been continuously engaged in general 
practice, having a large and steadily in- 
creasing clientele. He was for a number 
of years surgeon to the Pittsburgh Trac- 
tion Company, the Duquesne Traction 
Company, the Linden Steel Works and 
the Pittsburgh Day Nursery for Children- 
He is a member of the American Medical 
Association, the Pennsylvania State Med- 
ical Association and the Allegheny County 
Aledical Society. 

Politically Dr. Everson is a Republican, 
but has never had either time or inclina- 
tion for office-holding. He affiliates with 
Pittsburgh Lodge, No. 484, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, and belongs to the Pitts- 
burgh Country Club and the Automobile 
Club of America, a New York organiza- 
tion. He attends the First Baptist Church. 

The aspect and bearing of Dr. Everson 
are those of the cultivated physician of 



genial nature and polished manner. He 
is a forceful influence in all that makes 
for advancement in medicine, being widely 
read in all that pertains to his profession. 
His countenance is indicative of strength 
of character and tenacity of purpose and 
withal of the companionable disposition 
which has surrounded him with friends 
both in and out of his profession. He has 
travelled much and is particularly fond 
of motoring. 

On December 14, 1899, Dr. Everson 
married Alice May, daughter of James 
A. and Clare E. (Goodrich) Tvvitchell, of 
Olean, New York. Mr. Twitchell was 
formerly engaged in business as an oil 
operator. IMrs. Everson is the possessor 
of an exceptionally fine voice and has 
studied under Madame Marchesi of Paris 
and under other instructors in other 
European cities. She is now studying 
vocal music under Professor Bimboni, of 
the ^Metropolitan Opera Company of New 
York. 

For three-quarters of a century the 
name of Everson has been associated in 
Pittsburgh with business ability, musical 
talent and good citizenship. It has re- 
mained for Dr. Malcolm Wayland Ever- 
son to identify it with professional dis- 
tinction. 



STEPHENSON, Capt. James, 

Veteran of the Civil W^ar. 

In her soldier-citizens Pittsburgh has 
taken a special pride. Turning away, as 
young men, from the vistas of profit and 
distinction which opened before them in 
the callings to which they had elected to 
devote themselves, they took up arms in 
the defense of the Union and on the 
battlefield and in the prison many of them 
laid down their lives. Those who re- 
turned — not a few laboring under disabil- 
ities incurred in the service — worthily re- 
cruited the ranks of the professions as 
well as those of commerce and finance. 



1671 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Among those who were thus brave and 
faithful in peace no less than in war 
was the late Captain James Stephenson, 
founder and for many years head of the 
well known firm of James Stephenson & 
Sons. Captain Stephenson, during his 
long residence in Pittsburgh, was an 
earnest and influential supporter of all 
the interests most essential to the wel- 
fare of his adopted city. 

John Stephenson, mentioned in the 
book of Captain John Smith as one of 
those whO' accompanied him to Virginia 
in 1607, is said to have been the founder 
of the American branch of the family. 
Another tradition says that it was planted 
in that province by one of the associates 
of Sir William Berkele3\ 

Richard Stephenson, great-grandfather 
of Captain James Stephenson, is the first 
ancestor of authentic record. He mar- 
ried Mrs. Onora (Grimes) Crawford, 
mother of Colonel William and Valentine 
Crawford, and their children were : John, 
Hugh, Richard ; James, mentioned below ; 
and Marcus. Both John and Hugh Ste- 
phenson served in the Revolutionary 
army, and with the rank of colonel. James 
Stephenson served as paymaster oi the 
Fifth Virginia Riflemen. Colonel Wil- 
liam Crawford was burned at the stake 
by Indians at Sandusky. 

James, son of Richard and Onora 
Grimes (Crawford) Stephenson, was born 
in Berkeley county, Virginia, and soon 
after the close of the Revolutionary War 
removed to Pennsylvania. He settled in 
Cherry Valley, on a grant of one thou- 
sand acres given him by the government 
for colonial and revolutionary services, 
and the house which he built on this land 
is still in the family name. James Ste- 
phenson became a prosperous farmer and 
a man of influence in the community, 
serving as a member of the legislature. 
He married (first) Miss McKeevers. of 
New York. He married (second) Mar- 

167 



tha Barr, and among their children was 
a son John, mentioned below. Mr. Ste- 
phenson died in 1814. 

John, son of James and Martha (Barr) 
Stephenson, was born February 17, 1803, 
on the homestead in Cherry Valley, and 
married Susan Shipley, (daughter of Ed- 
ward Shipley, a soldier of the War of 

1812, whose ancestors came over with 
Lord Baltimore), who was born March 9, 

1813. They were the parents of the fol- 
lowing children : Sabot A., born May 29, 
1834, died February 2^, 1839; James, 
mentioned below ; Martha E., born May 
22, 1838, married Dr. William Simcox; 
Sabot A. (2), born February 3, 1841, died 
February 4, 1878; John P., born October 
17, 1843, married Dora Parsons; Edward 
Shipley, born March 23, 1845, died De- 
cember 9, 1884; Robert Scott, born April 
II, 1848, married (first) Ella Reiter and 
(second) Frances Graham ; Anna May, 
born May 24, 1850, married Francis Scott ; 
Margaret, born October 10, 1852, married 
Samuel McNary ; and Wallas, born March 
2T„ 1855, died January 17, 1859. The 
mother of these children passed away 
January 24. 1857, and the death of Mr. 
Stephenson occurred January 9, 1890. 

James (2), son of John and Susan 
(Shipley) Stephenson, was born March 
6, 1836, in Burgettstown, Washington 
county, Pennsylvania, and received as 
good an education as the schools of the 
neighborhood at the time aflforded. Until 
attaining his majority he assisted his 
father in the management and cultivation 
of the home farm, afterward spending 
some time travelling the west. 

W^hen the bombardment of Fort Sum- 
ter thundered the announcement of Civil 
War, and President Lincoln issued his 
first call for troops, Mr. Stephenson (as 
he then was) was one of those who im- 
mediately responded, enlisting at Pitts- 
burgh in the Duquesne Grays, Twelfth 
Regiment, and serving until August 5, 
2 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1861, when he was mustered out. Re- 
enlisting, he assisted in organizing Bat- 
talion C, Thompson Independent Light 
Artillery, and rose to the rank of senior 
first lieutenant. After the death on May 
7, 1863, of the commander of Hampton's 
Battery, that battery was for a time com- 
manded by Lieutenant Stephenson. At 
the second battle of Bull Run he was 
twice shot through the right leg, at Chan- 
cellorsville the drum of his left ear was 
broken by the noise of the concussion, 
and at Gettysburg he was slightly wound- 
ed. He served in all the engagements of 
the Army of the Potomac until 1864, 
when he resigned. On March 13, 1865, 
Lieutenant Stephenson was made captain 
by brevet for gallant and meritorious 
services at the battles of Bull Run and 
Gettysburg. 

After leaving the service. Captain Ste- 
phenson established the Excelsior Coffin 
Factory, which he subsequently sold, and 
then for eight years filled the position of 
assistant general superintendent of the 
Central Transportation Company. In 
1899, i" association with his sons, he or- 
ganized the firm of James Stephenson & 
Sons, retaining to the close of his life the 
headship of this concern. This enter- 
prise was very successful, as it could 
hardly fail to be, having for its leader a 
clear-headed, straightforward business 
man — one, moreover, whose judgment of 
men was intuitive, and who was thus en- 
abled to surround himself with assistants 
who seldom failed to meet his expecta- 
tions. Honest, able and self-reliant and, 
withal, a just and kind employer. Cap- 
tain Stephenson reaped the large success 
which naturally attend men of fine 
judgment and unblemished integrity. 

In all concerns relative to the city's 
welfare he ever manifested a deep and 
sincere interest, readily according the 
support of his influence and means to 
any project which, in his judgment, tend- 

I 



ed to further that end. A Democrat in 
politics, the only public office which he 
ever accepted was that of a member of 
the school board, which he retained for 
many years, being especially interested 
in the cause of education. Widely but 
unostentatiously charitable, no good work 
done in the name of philanthropy or re- 
ligion sought his co-operation in vain. 
He belonged to Post No. 259, Grand 
Army of the Republic, the Union Veteran 
Legion, and the Military Order of the 
Loyal Legion, and affiliated with Frank- 
lin Lodge No. 221, Free and Accepted 
Alasons. He was not a member of any 
one particular church, but was a liberal 
contributor to the financial needs of 
churches of all denominations, without 
distinction. 

The noble and intellectual countenance 
of Captain Stephenson was a reflex of his 
character. The broad forehead, search- 
ing dark eyes and strong, clear-cut fea- 
tures, accentuated by gray hair, beard 
and moustache, were all expressive of a 
rare tenacity of purpose and mental en- 
dowments of no common order. The de- 
ficiencies of his early education were sup- 
plied by exceptional powers of observa- 
tion and the studious habits of later life 
and he was known as a man of wide read- 
ing and cultivated tastes. A genial na- 
ture which recognized and appreciated 
the good in others rendered his personal- 
ity extremely winning and elicited the 
warm and loyal attachment of all who 
were in a way associated with him. 

Captain Stephenson married, June 17, 
1869, Margaret Reed, daughter of Ed- 
ward and Sarah Ann (Robinson) Taylor, 
of English and Irish ancestry. Captain 
and Mrs. Stephenson were the parents 
of the following children: Charles E. ; 
Ella B. ; Maude ; India ; and Don Frank- 
lin. The sons were associated with their 
father in business. Mrs. Stephenson, a 
woman of rare wifely qualities and ad- 

673 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



mirably fitted by her excellent practical 
mind to be to her husband a true and 
sympathizing helpmate, presided with in- 
nate grace over the beautiful home at 
Edgewood which was the seat of gracious 
and refined hospitality. At the time of 
his death, Captain Stephenson had re- 
sided for twenty-eight years in this 
charming suburb, where he was the 
owner of considerable property. He was 
a man to whom the ties of home and 
friendship were sacred and his happiest 
hours were passed at his own fireside. 
Mrs. Stephenson, in her widowhood, is 
surrounded by warmly attached friends 
and is active in church circles and in 
deeds of charity. She is a member of the 
Protestant Episcopal church. 

The death of Captain Stephenson, 
which occurred June 2. 1903, deprived 
Pittsburgh of one of her most valued 
citizens and foremost business men. Hon- 
orable in purpose and fearless in conduct, 
he used his talents and opportunities to 
the utmost in every work which he 
undertook, fulfilled to the letter every 
trust committed to him and was gener- 
ous in his feelings and conduct toward 
all. 

A descendant of ancestors who helped 
to make us a nation, this brave soldier 
worthily bore his part in the struggle 
which enabled us to remain one. An 
early generation rendered the Union pos- 
sible, a later one preserved its integrity. 
To Captain James Stephenson and his 
heroic comrades we should ever pay trib- 
ute and the veneration and gratitude 
which we accord to the patriot soldiers of 
the war for independence. 



KEARNS, Edward Lee, 

Lawyer, Officer of National Gnard. 

Pittsburgh, among her many causes 
for just and laudable pride, has none 
greater than that furnished by the his- 
tory of her Bar and by its present status. 

I 



Conspicuous among the younger mem- 
bers who now aid in the maintenance of 
that high status is Edward Lee Kearns, 
who has now been for well nigh a score 
of years in active and successful practice. 
Mr. Kearns has long been prominently 
identified with military matters and has 
a national reputation for the disciplinary 
measures and various innovations which 
he has introduced into his soldier corps. 

Edward Kearns, grandfather of Ed- 
ward Lee Kearns, was born September 
17. I793» at Carrick Macross, County 
Monaghan, Ireland, and when a boy came 
to the United States, settling first in Bal- 
timore and in 1807 removing to Pitts- 
burgh. He married, in that city, Feb- 
ruary 6, 1823, Mary Quinn, who died No- 
vember 10, 1866. The death of Mr. 
Kearns occurred October 14, 1864. 

Edward P., son of Edward and Mary 
(Quinn) Kearns, was born February 23, 
1833, in Pittsburgh, and received his edu- 
cation in the public schools of his native 
city and at Gray's School. He was em- 
ployed in the old postoffice, and was at 
one time connected with the "Pittsburgh 
Post." In association with Bartley 
Campbell, the once famous actor and 
playwright, he published the "Working 
Man's Advocate," and later was in the 
United States revenue service, being ap- 
pointed by President Cleveland, on May 
2^, 1893, Collector of Internal Revenue. 
Mr. Kearns married Martina Burke, May 
28, 1868, at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania; 
her ancestral record is appended to this 
biography. Their children were: Ed- 
ward Lee, mentioned below ; Burke U. 
born March 10, 1877, of Pittsburgh ; and 
A. Reginald, born May 22, 1878, a min- 
ing engineer at Cananea, Sonora, Mexico. 

Edward Lee, son of Edward P. and 
Martina (Burke) Kearns, was born 
March 31, 1873, at the Bolton Hotel, 
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, and received 
his education at the Harrisburg Academy 
674 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and at Duquesne University. He read 
law under the preceptorship of David T. 
Watson, the noted lavi^yer, and on De- 
cember 14, 1895, was admitted to the 
Allegheny county bar. For four years 
after this Mr. Kearns practiced alone, but 
in 1899 formed a partnership with An- 
drew G. Smith under the firm name of 
Smith and Kearns. This connection con- 
tinued until October i, 1905, since which 
time Mr. Kearns has again practiced 
alone. His singular fitness for his chosen 
profession was manifested very early in 
his career and the lapse of time has 
brought ever-increasing proof of it. Per- 
fectly self-reliant, with a mind keenly 
analytical and a wealth of legal knowl- 
edge, it was entirely by his own unaided 
efforts that he advanced steadily and 
rapidly to the leading position which he 
has so long occupied. 

With military afifairs Mr. Kearns has 
for many years been actively and promi- 
ently associated. In 1898, during the 
Spanish-American war, he enlisted as a 
private in Troop M, First United States 
Volunteer Cavalry ("Rough Riders"), 
which was stationed at Tampa, Florida, 
and mustered out of service at Montauk 
Point, Long Island, New York, without 
having been actively engaged. Mr. 
Kearns then again enlisted as a private 
in Company B, Eighteenth Regiment 
(Duquesne Greys), on January 19, 1899, 
and on March 29, of the same year, was 
elected second lieutenant, becoming first 
lieutenant on January 31, 1900. On No- 
vember 13, 1902, he was appointed cap- 
tain and regimental adjutant, and on 
March 4, 1904, was elected major. Since 
October 2, 1912, he has been lieutenant- 
colonel. In October, 1902, during the 
momentous coal strike which then oc- 
curred, Mr. Kearns served as first lieu- 
tenant of Company B, the regiment 
being stationed at Shenandoah. He be- 



longs to the Army and Navy Club of 
New York City. 

Politically Mr. Kearns is a Republican, 
his vote and influence being always exert- 
ed in behalf of the principles of the party. 
He belongs to the Pittsburgh Athletic 
Association and the Pennsylvania For- 
estry Association, and is a member of the 
Harkaway Hunt and Americus Repub- 
lican clubs. 

A glance at Mr. Kearns' countenance 
reveals him as a man of strong nature 
and cultivated mind. His clearly-cut fea- 
tures are expressive at once of force and 
refinement and his eyes have the clear, 
resolute look which goes far to explain 
his success in dififerent fields. Dignified 
in his professional relations, he is in 
these, no less than in social intercourse, 
essentially courteous. Those whom he 
admits to the inner circle of his intimacy 
know him as a man of genial disposition 
and a true and steadfast friend. 

By Mr. Kearns' work as a lawyer he 
has earned distinction for himself and 
conferred honor upon his profession. By 
his military services he has aided in the 
strengthening and upbuilding of one of 
the bulwarks of the commonwealth. He 
worthily represents one of the types most 
valued by his city and State — the lawyer- 
soldier of Pittsburgh. 

(The Burke Line). 

The Burke family is of Irish origin and 
the name is one of historical distinction. 
The escutcheon of the race bears the 
motto : Un Roy, un Loy et un Foy. 

Michael Burke, father of Mrs. Martina 
(Burke) Kearns, was born September 29, 
1797, in Temple Trathen, County Tip- 
perary, Ireland, and as a boy went to 
Newfoundland, later extending his mi- 
grations as far as the United States. He 
was a contractor, and constructed por- 
tions of the Juniata Division of the Penn- 

675 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



sylvania canal between Mexico and 
Lewistown, Pennsylvania. He was in- 
terested in the first packet line from Phil- 
adelphia to Harrisburg, of which he was 
the originator, and he was also interested 
in the portable line over the mountains. 
In association with Governor David Rit- 
tenhouse Porter Mr. Burke built the first 
blast furnace erected at Harrisburg, also 
constructing portions of the Pennsyl- 
vania Railroad between Harrisburg and 
Pittsburgh, as well as parts of the North- 
ern Central Railroad between Harrisburg 
and York, Pennsylvania. The original 
bridge spanning the Susquehanna river 
at Rockville was erected under his super- 
vision and in i860 he constructed the res- 
ervoirs of Baltimore. Mr. Burke's inter- 
est in Harrisburg's first system of water 
works rendered him extremely popular. 
He was elected a member of the borough 
council and for a time was president of 
the legislative body of the city, becoming 
personally responsible for the payment 
of loans secured for the construction of 
the water works. Mr. Burke married, 
April 6, 1824, at Lockport, New York, 
Mary A. Findlay. At the time of his 
death, which occurred August 15, 1864, 
he was engaged in the erection of the 
reservoir at Washington, District of Col- 
umbia. Mrs. Burke died July 21, 1893. 

Martina, daughter of Michael and Mary 
A. (Findlay) Burke, was born October 
13, 1844, at Harrisburg, and became the 
wife of Edward P. Kearns. 



WALTON, Joseph, 

Prominent in Coal and Transportation. 

The country may well look with pride 
upon its citizens when it numbers among 
them men of the stamp of the late Joseph 
Walton, of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 
who was equally prominent as a financier, 
statesman, captain of industry and phil- 
anthropist. He was a true aristocrat by 
the divine right of his achievements. His 



16; 



indomitable perseverance in any under- 
taking in which he once embarked, his 
boldness of operation, his sagacious judg- 
ment, his integrity and his loyalty to his 
friends, are qualities which it is a rare 
thing to find united in one person. Under 
the most trying conditions his self-reli- 
ance never failed him, and his study of 
mankind enabled him to fill the various 
important positions under him with men 
on whom he could depend in an emer- 
gency. The commanding traits he pos- 
sessed came to him by fair inheritance 
from his ancestors, who were distin- 
guished in various walks of life. His 
great-uncle, George Walton, was one of 
the signers of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence. His father, who was of Phila- 
delphia, Pennsylvania, was a millwright 
and bridge builder by occupation. The 
first bridge that was ever thrown across 
the Allegheny river was of his construc- 
tion, also the two bridges which cross 
the Tuscarora and Muskingum rivers, 
and the building known as Hill's Mill. 

Joseph Walton was born in Westmore- 
land county, Pennsylvania, March 24, 
1826. He received the customary educa- 
tion accorded a boy at that time, but be- 
ing ambitious, he branched out for him- 
self when he had attained his fourteenth 
year. He went to Cincinnati, Ohio, and 
there commenced to learn the carpenter's 
trade, at which he worked until he was 
nineteen years of age. At this time he 
commenced work as a millwright, and he 
was so successful in this field that, in 
association with a German builder, he 
erected a number of houses and sawmills, 
some of which are in operation at the 
present tim,e. He was then engaged in 
the same line of construction in Tem- 
peranceville, under James Wood, leaving 
him to enter the employ of Judge Heath, 
whose partner he subsequently became. 
The history of his business operations is 
intimately connected with the history of 
6 




^cJeft/i 'W^l/<. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the prosperity of Western Pennsylvania. 
In i860 Mr. Walton founded the firm 
which ultimately became known as Joseph 
Walton & Company, coal operators and 
shipowners, Pittsburgh. It was founded 
under the name of the Eagle Coal Com- 
pany, and at this time Mr. Walton was 
engaged in the saw mill and lumber busi- 
ness under the name of Walton, Phillips 
& Company. He and his associates had 
a large capital tied up among the coal 
men, for whom they had built boats and 
barges, and they felt necessitated to pur- 
chase large supplies of coal which they 
then floated in boats to the lower mar- 
kets. This entry into the coal business 
was efifected in or about 1858, and two 
years later they purchased the "S. B. 
Eagle," and engaged regularly in the coal 
business, forming a separate copartner- 
ship under the style of the Eagle Coal 
Company, the members of which were : 
Joseph Walton, John O. Phillips, W. 
Mettenzwy, Peter Haberman and Joseph 
Keeling. In 1862 this partnership was 
dissolved, Joseph Walton purchasing the 
boats and barges, and utilizing them in 
the shipping of coal to Cairo, Memphis 
and New Orleans, Cincinnati and Louis- 
ville, to which points he was shipping 
large quantities under contract with the 
government ; branch offices were finally 
formed at these points. Great success 
attended his operations in this direction 
which were continued until 1865, that he 
found it necessary to purchase another 
large boat, "The Coal City," a number of 
barges, and the small steamer "Painter 
No. 2." During this time, however, he 
disposed of the "Eagle." During these 
years he was also associated with Thomas 
Fawcett as an independent coal shipping 
concern for the government, and also very 
successfully. Under one contract the 
supply of coal they furnished was two 
millions of bushels. The coal works at 
West Elizabeth, which had been pur- 

I 



chased by Walton & Fawcett, were 
sold to Joseph Walton in 1865 for the 
sum of eighty thousand dollars, and the 
affairs of the company wound up. Mr. 
Walton then organized the Coal City 
Coal Company, the other members of the 
corporation being Joseph Keeling, Peter 
Haberman of Pittsburgh, and Robert B. 
Smith of Cincinnati. The stock in trade 
consisted of the coal works at West Eliz- 
abeth, the steamer "Coal City" and 
"Painter No. 2," and a large number of 
flats and barges. The coal was to be 
mined and shipped to Cincinnati, where 
Mr. Smith had a depot and retail busi- 
ness, but the results achieved were not 
as satisfactory as had been anticipated. 
There were a number of adverse condi- 
tions to be contended with and the part- 
nership was dissolved in 1869, Mr. Wal- 
ton purchasing the interest of Mr. R. B. 
Smith, the retail business being dispensed 
with at this time. It was at this time the 
firm name was changed to Joseph Walton 
& Company, the members being Joseph 
Walton, Peter Haberman and Joseph 
Keeling. When Joseph Keeling retired, 
October i, 1872, Isaac Bunton took his 
place, at which time the consolidation 
with the Niagara Coal Company was 
efifected, of which Joseph Walton, Peter 
Haberman and Isaac N. Bunton were 
also the firm mem,bers. Joseph Walton, 
who was the senior member, superin- 
tended the finances of this combina- 
tion; Peter Haberman, the coal works; 
and Isaac Bunton, the steamboats and 
accounts. They erected a saw mill in 
1872 on the West Elizabeth property, 
and there built their own coal barges and 
boats, and furnished building material for 
outside operations. November 17, 1872, 
when it had been in operation scarcely 
nine months, the entire building with its 
contents, and a large stock of lumber 
stored on the property were completely 
destroyed by fire. The loss was more 
677 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



than twenty thousand dollars, and the 
insurance carried was only one-quarter 
of that amount. With his usual energy 
and executive ability matters were pushed 
in a most determined manner, with the 
result that in four months another mill 
was in operation which far surpassed the 
one which had preceded it. It was equip- 
ped with the most modern machinery of 
the time, and with every appliance that 
could lessen and facilitate labor. The 
steamer "Bengal Tiger" had been pur- 
chased in 1872, and the following year 
two more boats were added — the "Joseph 
Walton," "Nellie Walton," "Isaac N. Bun- 
ton," "D. T. Watson," "John F. Walton," 
"Coal City," "Samuel Clark." In addition 
to the coal works at West Elizabeth the 
company has several others in the vicin- 
ity of Pittsburgh. They have unrivalled 
facilities for mining and shipping and in 
addition to owning about six hundred 
acres of coal land, have more than one 
hundred tenement houses in which the 
miners live with their families. At West 
Elizabeth they have a fine hotel building, 
called the Walton House, which is four 
stories in height and contains upward of 
fifty rooms. The firm of Walton, Lynch 
& Company occupies the entire lower 
floor as a store for general merchandise, 
and here the miners can obtain all neces- 
sary supplies. The capital of the com- 
pany is upward of one million dollars, and 
they give employment to more than one 
thousand men. 

His ability and success as a business 
man naturally brought Mr. Walton into 
great prominence in various other direc- 
tions and, in 1870, he was elected on the 
Republican ticket to serve in the legisla- 
ture. At the conclusion of his term of 
office he returned to Pittsburgh and 
again devoted his time and attention to 
the manifold business interests which 
awaited him. He served as a member 
of the school board for the greater part 

I 



of a quarter of a century and spent much 
time in furthering the cause of public 
education. In addition to his coal, lumber 
and shipping interests, Mr. Walton was 
engaged with a number of other enter- 
prises. Among them, may be mentioned: 
President of the Keystone Glass Com- 
pany; stockholder in the glass business of 
Stewart, Estep & Company ; a member of 
the firm of Chess, Smythe & Company, 
manufacturers of rolling mill nails and 
tacks; one of the organizers of the First 
National Bank of Birmingham and Alle- 
gheny; one of the organizers and direc- 
tors in the Pittsburg, Virginia & Charles- 
ton Railroad Company. On August 4, 
1880, he was elected president of the 
Farmers Deposit National Bank and 
served continuously until the date of his 
death. 

In the Masonic fraternity he held high 
rank, and in matters pertaining to religion 
he took foremost rank. He established 
a Sunday school in Birmingham many 
years ago, and himself undertook the 
responsible duties of superintendent, 
greatly to the benefit of all interested. 
The liberal donation he made in the cen- 
tenary year of Methodism, made it pos- 
sible for that denomination to erect a 
church on the lot on which the Sunday 
school had been established, and as a 
mark of appreciation to his great gener- 
osity, the church was named the "Walton 
Methodist Episcopal Church." 

Mr. Walton married, August 8, 1858, 
Annie, daughter of James Fawcett, presi- 
dent of the First National Bank of Birm- 
ingham. Children : John F., deceased ; 
Clara W., married Thomas McK. Cook; 
Ida W., married James W. Scully; Nellie 
W., married James Wood ; Samuel B. ; 
Alice F., married J. H. Childs. 

The death of Mr. Walton, which occur- 
red in Allegheny, Pennsylvania, Decem- 
ber 5, 1892, left a void which can never 
be filled. Few men have so endeared 
678 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



themselves to all classes as was the case 
with Mr. Walton. A devoted husband 
and father, a sincere friend, an honorable 
and generous business associate, an up- 
right statesman, he won the sympathies 
and love of all with whom he had deal- 
ings. In public and private life he was 
actuated by the highest and purest mo- 
tives. Ever ready to see the good in 
others and to find excuses for what there 
was of evil, his high principles are well 
worthy of imitation. As a host he was 
most delightful and gracious, and the 
brilliant flow of his conversation was ap- 
preciated by those fortunate enough to 
be invited to the cheerful and intellectual 
home of which he was head. His ripe and 
varied experiences furnished him with a 
rich fund of anecdotes which he related in 
an inimitable manner. His charities were 
large and Avidespread, but none save the 
recipients will ever know their fviU extent, 
for it was his pleasure to bestow in an 
unostentatious manner. 



WENDT, Charles Isaac, 

Physician, Hospital Official. 

In the present generation of Pittsburgh 
physicians, Dr. Charles Isaac Wendt oc- 
cupies a position of prominence, having 
for the last seventeen years, practiced 
with distinguished success in the Iron 
City. Dr. Wendt is a representative of a 
family which has been resident in Pitts- 
burgh since the latter part of the eigh- 
teenth century and has been noted in 
both commercial and professional annals. 

Frederick Wendt, great-grandfather of 
Charles Isaac Wendt, emigrated from 
Hanover, Germany, to the United States 
at some period between the close of the 
Revolutionary War and the year 1800. 
After spending a short time in New York 
State he came to Pittsburgh, where he 
was employed in the glass works of James 
O'Hara. Later, in association with Chris- 



tian Ihmsen, William Eichbaum and 
others, he established the Birmingham 
Glass Company, at what was then Birm- 
ingham and is now known as South Side, 
Pittsburgh. The enterprise was extreme- 
ly successful and Mr. Wendt conducted it 
during the remainder of his life. He was 
identified with various other concerns and 
became the owner of a large amount of 
South Side real estate. Mr. Wendt mar- 
ried (first) Charlotte, sister of William 
Eichbaum, and (second) Nancy Gates, of 
Hagerstown, Maryland, a niece of Gen- 
eral Horatio Gates, becoming by this 
union the father of several children. 

Frederick (2), son of Frederick (i) and 
Nancy (Gates) Wendt, was born in 1799, 
in Birmingham, now South Side, Pitts- 
burgh, and succeeded his father in the 
glass business, ably conducting to the 
close of his life the great factory of which 
he became proprietor by inheritance. He 
married Almira Taylor Brock, a relation 
of General Brock of the English army, 
and they became the parents of three 
children: George; Almira, who married 
John W. Patterson ; and Christian Ihm- 
sen, mentioned below. Mr. Wendt died 
April 22, 1848. 

Christian Ihmsen, son of Frederick (2) 
and Almira Taylor (Brock) Wendt, was 
born in 1840, in Birmingham, Pittsburgh. 
Departing from the commercial tradition 
of his family, he studied medicine, and 
practiced his profession in Beaver county, 
Pennsylvania. In addition to taking high 
rank as a physician, Dr. Wendt was prom- 
inently associated with the affairs of the 
county, and in 1875 was elected by the 
Republicans to represent his district in 
the State Legislature. Dr. Wendt mar- 
ried Agnes, daughter of John and Mary 
(Walker) Scott, the latter a granddaugh- 
ter of Isaac Walker and William Ewing, 
both early settlers in Robinson township, 
Allegheny county. John Scott was asso- 
ciate judge of Beaver county, and a man 
679 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of prominence in that part of the State. 
He was a descendant of James Scott, of 
Roxbvirghshire, Scotland, who emigrated 
to Pennsylvania during the Revolution- 
ary War, and after spending a short time 
in Pittsburgh moved down the Ohio river 
and settled on land which he purchased 
on the Broadhead road, in Beaver county. 
Judge Scott died in 1862. Dr. and Mrs. 
Wendt were the parents of three sons 
and one daughter : John Scott, whose 
biography and portrait appear elsewhere 
in this work ; Edwin Frederick ; Charles 
Isaac, mentioned below : and Almira, now 
living in New Brighton, Pennsylvania. 
The death of Dr. Wendt, which occurred 
October 23, 1S83, at New Brighton, proved 
the truth of the saying that "Death loves 
a shining mark," for he was a man of 
many brilliant attainments, and not the 
medical profession alone, but the city at 
large, felt called upon to mourn the loss 
of one whom it could ill afford to resign. 
Mrs. Wendt survived her husband more 
than a quarter of a century, passing away 
January 29, 191 1. 

Charles Isaac, son of Christian Ihmsen 
and Agnes (Scott) Wendt, was bc-'n Oc- 
tober 13, 1871, in New Brighton, Beaver 
county, Pennsylvania, and received his 
preparatory education in the public 
schools, afterward studying at Geneva 
College, Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania. 
He then spent two years at Johns Hop- 
kins University, doing pathological work 
in its hospital, and at the end of that 
time entered Hahnemann College, Phila- 
delphia, graduating in 1895 with the de- 
gree of Doctor of Medicine. 

His first year after graduation was 
spent by Dr. Wendt in the Metropolitan 
Hospital, New York, where he served as 
interne and official pathologist. He then 
practiced for a short time in Jersey City, 
New Jersey, and in 1897 came to Pitts- 
burgh, opening an office on Penn avenue 
and entering upon a career of general 
practice, where he has since remained. 



building up a large and constantly in- 
creasing clientele. He is surgeon to the 
Homeopathic Hospital and the Pitts- 
burgh and Lake Erie railroad. He has 
contributed to medical journals various 
articles on difficult cases, thus giving per- 
manence, in literary form, to some of the 
fruits of his experience. He belongs to 
the American Institute of Homeopathy, 
the State Homeopathic Medical Associa- 
tion and the Allegheny County Homeo- 
pathic Medical Society, having once serv- 
ed as its vice-president. He is secretary of 
the East End Doctors' Club. In politics Dr. 
Wendt is an Independent Republican and 
his public spirit evinces itself in a keen 
and helpful interest in any movement 
which, in his judgment, tends to promote 
the betterment of conditions in his home 
city. He is a liberal but very unobtrusive 
giver to charity. The demands of profes- 
sional duty leave him little time for social 
intercourse and his onl}^ non-professional 
club is the Pittsburgh Field Club. He is 
a member of the Sixth United Presbyte- 
rian Church. 

The countenance of Dr. Wendt gives 
evidence of the reflective and at the same 
time active temperament which, in com- 
bination with a love of science and a be- 
nevolent disposition, has made him a suc- 
cessful physician. He is both a student 
and an executant and his eyes are those 
of a man who has seen and thought and 
done. He is an able and devoted physi- 
cian and a true and kindly gentleman. 

Dr. Charles Isaac Wendt is the son and 
grandson of men who were pioneers in 
the development of one of the industries 
which have given to Pittsburgh her 
world-wide celebrity, and he is the son 
of a physician whose record adds lustre 
to the medical annals of his city and state. 
Plis own career has, thus far, increased 
the professional prestige of the family 
name, and warrants the expectation that, 
in the years to come it will augment it 
still further. 



1680 




vs««-^^jf:-. 



(/^^^^ /^.CyU. 



r 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



KELLY, John, 

Froniinent in Early Day Oil Industry. 

History reminds us of a fact which is 
not always, perhaps, sufficiently remem- 
bered, namely, that Pittsburgh, among 
her other titles to distinction, rightfully 
claims that of having largely aided in the 
shaping of the whole petroleum industry. 
It was by Pittsburgh men that the first 
oil fields were developed, and prominent 
among those pioneers was the late John 
Kelly, of the widely known Weldon & 
Kelly Company, and a life-long resident 
of the city which was his birthplace and 
with the best interests of which he was 
constantly and zealously identified. 

John Kelly was born December 17, 
1834, on Liberty avenue, near Strawberry 
alley, Pittsburgh, and was a son of Ed- 
ward and Catherine Kelly. After leaving 
school he learned the cabinetmaking trade 
and for a number of years followed it suc- 
cessfully, although, as his subsequent 
career proved, his talents especially 
adapted him for a business life. Later, in 
1864, Mr. Kelly then engaged in the oil 
and lamp business, formed a partnership 
with James G. Weldon, who was at that 
time engaged in the plumbing business, 
thus enlarging his association with the oil 
industry. At the very inception of the 
development of oil in Western Pennsyl- 
vania this firm entered the field, estab- 
lishing themselves as oil refiners. Their 
success, which was remarkable, was 
largely due to Mr. Kelly's unrelenting 
perseverance, indomitable will-power and 
last, but not least, his breadth of mental 
vision which enabled him, to read the 
future and shape his course accordingly. 
In 1895 Mr. Weldon died and the busi- 
ness was incorporated, in 1900, as the 
Weldon & Kelly Company. 

In all concerns relative to the city's 
welfare Mr. Kelly's interest was deep and 
sincere and wherever substantial aid 
would further public progress it was 



freely given. He was liberal in his bene- 
factions to charity, but so quietly were 
they bestowed that their full number will, 
in all probability, never be known to the 
world. In 1897, when the order of the 
Knights of Columbus was instituted in 
Pittsburgh, Mr. Kelly was selected as a 
charter member of Duquesne Council and 
thenceforth was one of its faithful sup- 
porters. He was a charter member of 
the Pittsburgh Athletic Association and 
belonged to the Columbus Club, for four 
years serving as its president. He was 
also one of the organizers of the Savings 
Bank and was vice-president for years. 
He attended St. Paul's Cathedral and was 
a member of the church committee. 

The personality of Mr. Kelly might be 
broadly summarized in two phrases, 
largeness of heart and generosity of char- 
acter. Both these attributes were strongly 
stamped upon his countenance, speaking 
in the clear, keen, direct and kindly gaze 
of the dark eyes and in the expression of 
benevolence which softened the strong, 
finely-moulded features, accentuated by 
light gray hair and beard. Sagacity and 
force were his in large measure and a 
chivalrous sense of honor dominated his 
every action. He was one of the men of 
whom it could be said with literal truth, 
"his word is as good as his bond." Ardent 
and loyal in his friendships, he possessed 
the lifelong affection and regard of all 
who were in any way associated with 
him, while his sterling qualities of man- 
hood commanded the respect of the en- 
tire community. His presence was digni- 
fied, his manner courteous, in every sense 
of the word he was a gentleman. 

Mr. Kelly married, in 1864, Catherine, 
daughter of Peter Doyle, and they were 
the parents of two sons and two daugh- 
ters : William Austin, John Clement, 
Stella M. and Mary Bertilla. Mr. Kelly 
was devoted to his home and family and 
delighted to entertain his friends. 



1681 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



The death of Mr. Kelly, which occurred 
September 13, 1913, deprived Pittsburgh 
of one of the most widely-known and 
highly-respected of her business men, up- 
right, resourceful and of unquestioned in- 
tegrity. In passing from the scene of his 
lifelong activities he left behind him sons 
who are his worthy successors, prominent 
in the business life of the city and earn- 
est in the furtherance of the cause of 
good government and municipal reform. 
An able man, "diligent in business," faith- 
ful to the duties of citizenship, in social 
life irreproachable, such was the well- 
rounded character of John Kelly. 



WRIGHT, Samuel, 

Civil War Veteran, Civil Engineer. 

Samuel Wright, of Columbia, Pennsyl- 
vania, is the senior member of the Wright 
family, an ancient one both in this coun- 
try and in England, where the first of the 
name of whom we have recorded was 
James Wright, Senior, of Cadished, Lan- 
cashire, who died May 14, 1668. 

James Wright Jr., son of James Wright 
Sr., married, June 19, 1666, Susanna 
Crowdson, and died November i, 1688. 

John Wright, son of James and Sus- 
anna (Crowdson) Wright, was born in 
W^arrington, Lancashire, England, April 
15, 1667, and died at Hempfield, Lancas- 
ter county, Pennsylvania, October i, 1749. 
He emigrated to America, April 15, 1714, 
with his wife and four children, and set- 
tled at Chester, Pennsylvania, where his 
son James, the first American of the fam- 
ily, was born. Prior to his arrival here, 
he had purchased a plantation which he 
called Cadished. He soon entered into 
public life as one of the representatives 
of Chester county in the Provincial As- 
sembly. In 1726 he purchased one hun- 
dred and fifty acres of land at the Indian 
village of Shawanatown, on the Susque- 
hanna river, adjoining one hundred acres 



previously acquired by his daughter, Sus- 
anna, took possession of his purchase in 
September of that year, and removed with 
his family in 1727 to this frontier settle- 
ment that was called Hempfield. In the 
year 1729 he was one of a commission 
appointed to set ofif territory from Ches- 
ter county to form a new county that was 
called, from Lancashire, John Wright's 
English home, Lancaster county ; and 
this division he represented in the Pro- 
vincial Assembly for the years 1729-30, 
^733-34, and 1737 to 1748, inclusive. He 
was appointed presiding magistrate of 
the courts of the new county. He was a 
confidential agent of the Penns, especially 
in their friendly negotiations with the In- 
dians remaining in this territory. In 1730 
he obtained a grant for a ferry over the 
Susquehanna river, and from this the 
settlement came to be known as Wright's 
Ferry. He presided over the courts of 
the county until 1741, when his name, 
with others, was omitted in the new ap- 
pointments to the bench of magistrates 
on account of his opposition in the As- 
sembly to what he deemed oppressive 
acts of Governor Thomas. His farewell 
address to the grand jury was published 
by resolutions of that body, and is regard- 
ed as an important public document. In 
it he made one of the earliest protests 
against arbitrary government — a fore- 
runner of the "Declaration." He had re- 
ceived a medical education in London, 
but at the time of his immigration was a 
manufacturer in Manchester. He mar- 
ried, September 2y, 1692, Patience Gibson, 
and had children: i. Susanna, who suc- 
ceeded to the care of her father's family 
on the death of her mother at Chester, 
November 15, 1722, and after his death 
became the recognized head of the 
Wrights and of the Hempfield settle- 
ment. She was a prominent and notable 
woman of her day. She corresponded 
with Franklin, James Logan, the Nor- 



1682 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



rises, John Dickinson, and with the lead- 
ing men in public life, who consulted her. 
She introduced and practiced silk culture, 
and died December i, 1784. 2. Elizabeth, 
born December 25, 1702, married, May 
8, 1728, at Hempfield, Samuel Taylor, and 
had a daughter Sarah, who was born Feb- 
ruary 3, 1729; she married, September 26, 
1746, Robert, son of Robert Barber, 
original settler. 3. Patience, born July 6, 
1706, married, June 8, 1728, Richard Low- 
don ; their son John, was born July 5, 
1730; married, March 27, 1760, Sarah 
Connor ; he commanded a company in the 
Pennsylvania Rifle Battalion during the 
Revolutionary War, and lived in North- 
umberland county, where he died. 4. 
John, born March 18, 1710, who died at 
Wright's Ferry, York county, Pennsyl- 
vania, in October, 1759. He represented 
York county in the Provincial Assembly 
after its erection from the territory of 
Lancaster county on the west side of the 
Susquehanna river, at the same time that 
his father represented the mother county. 
He married, in April, 1734, Eleanor, a 
daughter of Robert Barber, one of the 
three original settlers of Hempfield, and 
from them are descended the Ewings, 
Houstons and two branches of Mifflins. 
Children: Patience, born March 24, 1737, 
died at Woodbine, York county, in 1794, 
married, August 28, 1760, James Ewing, 
later brigadier-general in the Revolu- 
tionary army ; Susanna, born August 24, 
1752, died in York county, August 9, 
1729, married. May 6, 1773, Dr. John 
Houston, surgeon in the Revolutionary 
army. 5. James, of further mention. 

James Wright, son of John and Pa^ 
tience (Gibson) Wright, was born at 
Chester, Pennsylvania, November 19, 
1714, and died at Hempfield, Pennsyl- 
vania, March 5, 1775. He succeeded his 
father at Hempfield and as representative 
of his county in the Assembly, where he 
served for the years, 1749 to 1768 in- 



clusive, and for the year 1770. He was 
prominent in the affairs of the province 
and of his home county. He married for 
his second wife, January 4, 1753, Rhr:'da 
Paterson. Children: i. Samuel, of fur- 
ther mention. 2. Elizabeth, born April 
2, 1758, died in Hempfield township, Lan- 
caster county, April 29, 1785. She mar- 
ried, January 29, 1784, Major Thomas 
Boude, distinguished in revolutionary 
service at the storming of Stony Point, 
and had a daughter, Elizabeth Wright, 
who was born February 21, 1785, and 
died unmarried, April 29, 1839. 3. John, 
born December 12, 1760, died April 20, 
1806, in the original house of the first 
settler, his ancestor, John Wright. He 
laid out his share of his father's estate, 
"John Wright's Addition" to Columbia. 
He married, November 6, 1782, Amelia 
Davies, and had children : i. Anna Rhoda, 
born August 27, 1783, died ]\Iay 24, 1839; 
she married James Houston, a son of a 
son of Dr. John and Susanna (Wright) 
Houston. ii. James, born April 15, 
1785, died without issue. He laid out 
"Columbia Extended," from property 
purchased from Samuel Wright and from 
his father's share of James Wright's 
estate. He was an active business man 
and instrumental in building up the new 
town. iii. Thomas Davies, born Novem- 
ber 24, 1786, married Ann Sensenig, and 
had children: John D., born February 
12, 1816, died December 15, 1870, mar- 
ried, January 9, 1844, Christiana Barr; 
James, born July 8, 1817, died May 30, 
1878, married, December 25, 1839, Re- 
becca T. Currie. iv. Elizabeth, born Au- 



gust 



died, unmarried, January 



20, 1855. V. Samuel, born July 30, 1790; 
left Columbia and settled on a farm in 
Buffalo Valley, Union county, Pennsyl- 
vania, and subsequently removed with 
his family to Stephenson county, Illinois, 
where he died. He married Mary Lewis, 
and had children : Paschal Lewis ; Jane 
683 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Lawson ; William ; John, married Mary 
Bethel Meise, a great-great-granddaugh- 
ter of Samuel and Elizabeth (Wright) 
Taylor; Elizabeth, married Alexander 
Templeton. vi. Amelia, who died unmar- 
ried. 4- Susanna, born March 8, 1764, 
died September 27, 1821, at "Hybla," 
York county, where her portion of her 
father's estate lay. She married, Novemr 
ber 21, 1800, Jonathan Mifflin, and had a 
son, Samuel Wright Mifflin, born June 2, 
1805, died at Wayne, Delaware county, 
Pennsylvania, July 26, 1885. He was a 
distinguished civil engineer, esteemed one 
of the best locating railroad engineer:; of 
his time. He was connected with the 
Pennsylvania, Philadelphia and Reading, 
Wrightsville, York and Gettysburg, New 
York and Erie, and other important lines, 
and was employed in United States gov- 
ernment work on the Lakes. He married 
(first) Elizabeth Martin, (second) Han- 
nah Wright (of a different family). 5. 
James, born August 8, 1766, died October 
25, 1838. His inheritance from his father 
was in York county, and he was a highly 
intelligent and valued citizen of Colum- 
bia. He married, October 30, 1788, Eliza- 
beth, a daughter of Robert and Sarah 
(Taylor) Barber. They had children : i. 
Charles N., born January 4, 1796, died 
May 30, 1861. He married Susan Stum.p, 
and had children : Sarah Barber, born 
December 23, 1827, married, November 
21, 1848, GeorgQ Charles Franciscus; 
Mary Barber, born March 3, 1829, mar- 
ried, October 21, 1853, Andrew O. Baker; 
Elizabeth, born March 19, 1831, died 
July 3, 1884, married, October 14, 1858, 
Beverly Randolph Mayer; Catherine G., 
born July 26, 1833, died June 22, 1874, 

married Breese; Emily S., born 

July 15, 1835. died unmarried, November 
21, 1861 ; Rhoda Barber, born September 
21, 1837, died September 24, 1873, unmar- 
ried; Charles Frederick, born August 12, 
1841, served in the Civil War, and died 



without issue, July 16, 1886. ii. Robert 
Barber, born March 26, 1798, was a prom- 
inent and useful citizen, and died, Decem- 
ber 24, 1855. He married, March 29, 
1821, Sarah Brown, and had a daughter: 
Elizabeth Ellen, born April 3, 1827, died 
December 24, 1852, married, November 
25, 1851, Dr. Ormsby S. Mahon. iii. 
Rhoda, born December 27, 1791, died 
April 14, 1864, unmarried, iv. Elizabeth, 
born March 24, 1802, died unmarried, 
March 18, 1874. 6. William, born Sep- 
tember 9, 1770, died in Columbia, Sep- 
tember 6, 1846, without issue. He laid out 
an addition to his brother's town of 
Wrightsville, from his share of his 
father's York county land. He was a 
very active and useful citizen of Colum- 
bia, foremost in projecting and support- 
ing public improvements. He was an 
original Abolitionist, very earnest in his 
advocacy of freedom for the negroes, and 
through his generosity to emancipated 
slaves from Virginia came the settlement 
of the large colored element of the town's 
population. He married, July 31, 1800, 
Deborah Parrish, of Philadelphia. 7. Pa- 
tience, born May 6, 1773, died October 18, 
1821. She married Dr. Vincent King, had 
no children. Up to this time the Wrights 
were affiliated with the Society of 
Friends. 

Samuel Wright, son of James Wright, 
was born May 12, 1754, and died July 7, 
181 1. He inherited from his father prop- 
erty purchased from the heirs of Samuel 
Blunston (one of the original settlers of 
Hempfield) and by testament of Susanna 
Wright her original one hundred acres. 
On a part of this land he laid out his town 
of Columbia, and later "Columbia Con- 
tinued." He also laid out the town of 
Wrightsville, in York county. Columbia 
rose rapidly in population and business 
under his able direction. He married, 
October 22, 1795, Susanna, born June 15, 
1763, died April 28, 1800, at Columbia, 



1684 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Pennsylvania, a daughter of John Low- 
don, granddaughter of John Wright ist. 

John Lowdon Wright, son of Samuel 
and Susanna (Lowdon) Wright, was 
born December 31, 1797, and died Decem- 
ber 29, 1856. As sole heir he succeeded 
to his father's real estate in Columbia 
and West Hempfield township. This he 
farm,ed by several tenants, and but few 
acres were alienated during his life. He 
was interested in the breeding of good 
stock, and it was largely owing to his 
efforts that the class of horses, cattle and 
swine of this locality was so greatly im- 
proved. He married for his second wife, 
February 2"], 1828, Ann Evans, born No- 
vember 2, 1806, died January 6, 1894, a 
daughter of John and Margaret (Barber) 
Evans. Children: i. Samuel, of further 
mention. 2. Margaret Evans, born Feb- 
ruary 27, 1830, died at Lebanon, Pennsyl- 
vania, November 7, 1909. She married, 
February 13, 1855, James Armstrong 
Richards, born July 6, 1826, died July 5, 
1890. 3. Susan, born October 22, 1831, 
is unmarried. 4. Mary Evans, born No- 
vember 3, 1834, is unmarried. 5. John 
Lowdon, born October i, 1838, enlisted 
in May, 1861, as a private in a company 
of volunteers recruited in Columbia, 
which was enrolled in the Fifth Regiment 
of Pennsylvania Reserve Volunteers. He 
was elected first and second lieutenant in 
June, 1861, was commissioned adjutant 
of the regiment in May, 1863, and reached 
the captaincy in May, 1864. His service 
was with the Army of the Potomac 
through the campaigns of 1861-62-63-64. 
In 1862 he was detailed on recruiting ser- 
vice at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, when 
Governor Curtin called out the militia to 
repel the expected invasion by the Con- 
federate forces. He was offered the com- 
mand of the Second Regiment which, on 
advice of his brigade commander. Gen- 
eral John G. Reynolds, detailed from the 
Army of the Potomac to the command of 



the Pennsylvania militia, he accepted. He 
was assigned by General Reynolds to the 
command of the Second Brigade of Mili- 
tia. He was mustered out of the volun- 
teer service as captain in 1864, and was 
brevetted captain of United States Volun- 
teers in 1865. After the close of the war 
he for some years farmed a portion of the 
family estate. He served as postmaster 
of Columbia, 1890-94; served in the bor- 
ough council three years, and was elected 
president of that body in 1914. He mar- 
ried, August 17, 1862, Mary A. Beiter. 
6. William, born April 30, 1841, enlisted 
in 1861 as a private in a company of the 
150th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers 
(Second Bucktails), was promoted to 
commissary sergeant, and later to first 
lieutenant and adjutant of the regiment. 
He served with his regiment in the Army 
of the Potomac for the greater part of the 
time as a part of the Fifth Corps, up to 
October 27, 1864, when he was captured 
at Hatcher's Run. For a time he was 
held in Libby and Danville prisons, and 
exchanged in February, 1865. Upon his 
return from service he farmed a part of 
the West Hempfiekl township land. He 
is now a hardware merchant in Consho- 
hocken, Montgomery county, Pennsyl- 
vania. He married, November 26, 1866, 
Frances Caroline Cresson. 7. James 
Mifflin, born December 26, 1842, died No- 
vember 26, 1902. He married, June 12, 
1866, Lovica Hudson. 8. Annie, born 
November i, 1844, married, June 28, 1866, 
James Ewing Mifitlin, son of James 
Ewing and Susan (Houston) Mifflin. 

Samuel Wright, son of John Lowdon 
and Ann (Evans) Wright, was born De- 
cember 13, 1828. For many years he has 
now been a civil engineer. He was the 
editor and publisher of the "Columbia 
Spy," from 1857 to 1863, when he received 
the appointment of captain and assistant 
adjutant-general of United States Volun- 
teers, and reported to General Burnside 



1685 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



at Cincinnati for duty. He served in the 
Army of the Ohio on the Headquarters 
Staff of the Ninth Army Corps, under 
General John G. Parke and General Rob- 
ert B. Potter, through the East Tennes- 
see campaign, and under the last-named 
general on the staff of the Second Divis- 
ion, Ninth Army Corps, in the Army of 
the Potomac, through the Virginia cam- 
paign of 1864-65, up to the disbanding of 
the army. He was brevetted major and 
assistant adjutant-general of United 
States Volunteers in 1864, and lieutenant- 
colonel and assistant adjutant-general of 
volunteers in 1865. After leaving the ser- 
vice he resumed the practice of his pro- 
fession of civil engineering, and w^as en- 
gaged for many years in railroad work. 
He served several terms as borough regu- 
lator (engineer) in Columbia. Mr. Wright 
married, March 14, 1865, Ellen White 
Bruner, a daughter of Dr. Daniel Ireland 
and Elizabeth (Davies) Bruner. 



HAWORTH, Jehu, 

Enterprising Man, Honored Citizen. 

In recalling the pioneers of Pittsburgh 
we find few whose records cover rs long 
a period as that of the late Jehu Haworth, 
founder and head of the widely known 
firm of Haworth & Dewhurst, and promi- 
nently identified with many other lead- 
ing business institutions of the Iron City. 
F'or nearly three-quarters of a century 
Mr. Haworth was a resident of Pitts- 
burgh, and the influence which he exerted 
in the development and upbuilding of her 
most essential interests defies accurate 
computation. 

The Haworth family is of ancient 
origin, having been seated from a remote 
period at Haworth, county of Lancaster 
(or Lancashire), England. Jehu Haworth 
was born April i, 1804, in Bury, Lanca- 
shire, England, and was a son of Richard 
and Margaret (Pilkington) Haworth, the 



former being by trade a weaver. Jehu 
Haworth was educated in his native land, 
and at the age of twenty-three emigrated 
to the United States, landing in New 
York, where he remained until 1830. In 
that year he came to Pittsburgh, making 
the journey by boat to Albany, thence by 
stage to Buft'alo, and from Buft'alo to 
Pittsburgh by the old canal, that being, 
in those days, the quickest route. On 
arriving in the city which was destined 
to be, to the close of his long and useful 
life, his home and the scene of his honor- 
able and successful business career, Mr. 
Haworth engaged in the boot and shoe 
trade, his place of business being situated 
in Federal street, Allegheny, now the 
North Side. After a time he abandoned 
this and associated himself with plumb- 
ing, as member of the firm of Bailey, 
Haworth & Company, now known as 
Bailey & Farrell. Subsequently he pur- 
chased an interest in a wholesale drug 
house in Allegheny, in conjunction with 
Mr. Robert Morris. In 1855 Mr. Haworth 
removed to Pittsburgh and established a 
grocery house on the Diamond. In i860 
he went into the coal business, also be- 
coming president of the Little Saw Mill 
Run railroad, an office which he held 
almost to the close of his life. 

In 1866, at an age when many men 
would begin to think of withdrawing 
from the activities of life, Mr. Haworth 
embarked in his most notable and suc- 
cessful enterprise. In the spring of that 
year he formed a partnership with James 
B. Dewhurst (whose biography and por- 
trait appear elsewhere in this work), 
under the firm name of Haworth & Dew- 
hurst, founding the famous grocery house 
with which his name is still associated. 
The success which attended it from the 
outset was mainly due to the unfaltering 
courage, wisely directed aggressiveness 
and sterling integrity of Mr. Haworth. 
who might truthfully be termed, in many 



1686 




rjv;sf^^,s^/j°u^ 




ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



respects, the model business man. Cher- 
ishing a legitimate ambition, he scorned 
all success which had not for its basis 
veracity and honor. His every action 
was pervaded by a spirit of justice and 
his benevolent kindness toward his sub- 
ordinates won for him their zealous co- 
operation and loyal regard. 

Intensely public-spirited, Mr. Haworth 
was identified with every movement 
which in his judgment made for the bet- 
terment of conditions in his home city. 
Ever ready to respond to any deserving 
call made upon him, so quietly were his 
benefactions bestowed that their full 
number will, in all probability, always 
remain unknown. He was passionately 
fond of music, going to hear all the noted 
musicians, and traveling at one time to 
England with the sole purpose of hearing 
Jenny Lind. He was a student and pa- 
tron of art, doing some painting himself 
and encouraging a number of promising 
artists. Socially his manner was a charm, 
and his wide experience, extensive travels 
and broad mind made conversation with 
him a delight. His home, which was in 
Allegheny until a few years ago, was 
always open in its hospitality. When 
eleven years of age, he became a mem- 
ber of the Church of England, and at one 
time sang in the choir of Trinity Church, 
Pittsburgh. He was a member, and for 
twenty years senior warden, of Christ 
Protestant Episcopal Church, Allegheny 
City. 

To a singularly vigorous mentality and 
a broad grasp of afifairs, Mr. Haworth 
added the results of ripe and varied ex- 
perience, and he also possessed, to a re- 
markable degree, the judicial mind, a 
combination of attributes which caused 
him to be much sought as a counsellor, 
not only in business matters but in all the 
affairs of life. He was of fine personal 
appearance, his strong features, accen- 
tuated by snowy hair, bearing the im- 

I 



print of the deep convictions and high 
principles which were so strikingly ex- 
emplified in every phase of his career. 
His manner dignified, courteous and 
genial, inspired respect and admiration in 
all and won for him many ardent and 
loyal friends. 

Mr. Haworth married (first) IMiss 
Lucy Lake, daugiiter of John Lake, a 
native of England, who died in i860. He 
married (second) in 1867, Anna Alary 
Mosscroft, daughter of Richard and Eliza 
(Cubbage) Dewhurst and sister of his 
partner, James B. Dewhurst. The fol- 
lowing children were born to Mr. 
Haworth and his wife: i. Jehu Frederick, 
treasurer and secretary of Haworth & 
Dewhurst, Limited. 2. Riddle Dewhurst, 
chairman of the board of directors of 
Haworth & Dewhurst, Limited. 3. Lucy 
Eliza. 4. Charles Howard, who died in 
infancy. 5. Mary Maud Alice. Mrs. 
Haworth, a thoughtful, clever woman of 
culture and character, of most endearing 
personality and always devoted to her 
home and family, continues in her widow- 
hood those works of charity in which she 
and her husband were so long united. 

On May 2, 1S99, Mr. Haworth passed 
away at his home in Edgeworth, Penn- 
sylvania, "full of years and of honors." 
Of his ninety-five years of life, sixty-nine 
had been spent in Pittsburgh. During 
that long period he stood as one of her 
most eminent and valued citizens, an able 
exponent of the spirit of the age in his 
efforts to advance progress and improve- 
ment, making wise use of his opportun- 
ities and conforming his life to the loftiest 
standards, thus causing his entire record 
to be in harmony with the history of an 
honorable ancestry. 

For well-nigh threescore years and ten 
Mr. Haworth was a resident of Pitts- 
burgh. He saw the infant industries of 
the little city of 1830 gradually assume 
the colossal proportions in which they 
687 



ExXCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



now challenge the competition of the 
world. He saw the incipient commerce 
become international. He saw every 
element which ministers to the life of a 
great municipality bud, blossom and 
flourish in the sunlight of an unexampled 
prosperity — a prosperity which he helped 
to create. On the strong foundations 
which are in part his work stands, in 
power and beauty, the fair and noble city 
of to-day. Among the stalwart worthies 
of the past there is none whom she honors 
more sincerely than the noble pioneer, 
Jehu Haworth. 



CHANDLER, Charles F., M. D. 

Proiniii.ent Physician. 

Dr. Charles Frederick Chandler, a 
prominent and successful representative 
of the medical fraternity of Philadelphia, 
was born in Detroit, Michigan, in 1870, 
and is the son of William A. Chandler, 
whose biography is interlinked with the 
progressive history and educational de- 
velopment of the Keystone State, and his 
name and work is also well known in the 
Quaker City ; he having been the first 
principal of the West Chester Normal 
School, and a man prominently identified 
with the organizing of the Union League 
Club. The Chandlers have figured con- 
spicuously in the history of the State, Dr. 
Chandler's grandfather being a represen- 
tative in Congress and the emigrant set- 
tlers arriving in Pennsylvania with Wil- 
liam Penn. 

Dr. Charles F. Chandler received his 
early education in the Central High 
School, Fifteenth and Race streets, Phil- 
adelphia, and was graduated from the 
Medico-Chirurgical College. Since that 
time he has become identified with the 
various prominent medical societies and 
clubs, including the Philadelphia Gurn- 
gamein ; Physicians Club of Philadelphia ; 
Physicians Motor Club ; County Medical 



Society; State ^Medical Society; Ameri- 
can ]\Iedical Society ; Philadelphia Clin- 
ical Society ; Pennsylvania Society of 
Physico-Therapy. 

Dr. Chandler married, in 1903, Miss 
Amelia Konrad, a daughter of Karl and 
Katherine Konrad. 

Dr. Chandler has built up a large and 
important practice. In every relation of 
life he has measured up to the full stand- 
ard of honorable upright manhood. Zeal- 
ous and earnest in his profession, he has 
won deserved and well-merited success. 
He resides at Park and Montgomery ave- 
nue, Philadelphia. 



LEE, Caleb, 

Knterprising Citizen. 

Pittsburgh is older than the steel in- 
dustry. Before the industrial monarchs 
of today were born the city was a me- 
tropolis with vigorous and wide-reaching 
commercial and financial interests. 
Among the men who. as merchants and 
citizens, gave to the old city of Pittsburgh 
her mercantile and municipal renown the 
late Caleb Lee, in the three-fold character 
of business man, agriculturist and citizen, 
holds a foremost place. Mr. Lee was for 
more than half a century identified with 
the leading interests of Pittsburgh and 
was numbered among their most promi- 
nent and influential promoters. 

John Lee, father of Caleb Lee, was 
born July 29, 1767, and died August 24, 
1827. He married Miriam Carl and their 
children were: Kate, born June 18, 1793; 
Deenche, born October 24, 1795; Thomas 
C, born May 30, 1798, died January 10, 
1826; Caleb, see forward; John, born 
July 30, 1802; Lucinda, born May 9, 1804, 
died July 20, 1819; Margaret, born April 
27, 1806. married Abel Hastings, of Pitts- 
burgh ; Ruth, born March 30. 1808, died 
1865 ; Nancy, born June 15, 1810, married 
a Mr. Rush ; Isaac, born August 16, 1812, 




l^Oy/l^ Uii 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



died March 7, 1831 ; George H., born Jan- 
uary 3, 1817; and Laura, born July 18, 
1820, died January 4, 1821. 

Caleb Lee was born September i, 1800, 
in Dauphin county, New York, and was 
a son o£ John and Miriam (Carl) Lee. 
Being one of a large family he was 
early obliged to engage in a means of live- 
lihood and his education was acquired 
solely by his own exertions. This is say- 
ing much, for he became, in the course of 
time, an extremely well-read man, being 
especially versed in history and geog- 
raphy. 

At the age of nine years the boy came 
to Pittsburgh, where he was apprenticed 
to the trade of tailoring. It is needless 
to trace his advancement step by step. 
The history of the intervening years is 
contained in the statement that before he 
reached the age of twenty-one he was in 
business for himself. His loyalty to his 
work, his sturdy trustworthiness, his 
clear-headedness, his determination of 
character — all these insured his success 
and he built up a large and flourishing 
business, several of his sons learning the 
trade under his supervision. His estab- 
lishment was next to the old banking 
house of N. Holmes & Sons, on Market 
street, and close by was the dry goods 
store of George R. White. These three 
men, leading representatives of the mer- 
cantile and financial interests of the city, 
were close and steadfast friends. Mr. 
Lee, always keeping absolutely abreast of 
the times and ever on the alert to seize 
opportunity, made frequent trips to the 
East to replenish his stock. A just and 
kind employer, he held his subordinates 
to the same undeviating line of rectitude 
which he observed himself and from 
which no prospect of gain had power to 
lure him. 

About 1845 Mr. Lee retired from busi- 
ness, taking up his residence on an estate 
which he had purchased at Oakmont and 



devoting the remainder of his life to agri- 
culture. He invested largely in Pitts- 
burgh real estate and at the time of his 
death owned twelve hundred acres at 
Oakmont. He was a fine judge of the 
dormant possibilities of landed property, 
and in this way did much to improve the 
city and its suburbs. A true citizen, he 
was interested in all enterprises which 
meditated the material prosperity and 
moral and social culture of his commun- 
ity, and to any movement which, in his 
judgment, tended to further these ends 
his hearty co-operation was never want- 
ing. He was one of the twelve men who 
secured the right of way for the Alle- 
gheny Valley railroad from Kittanning to 
Pittsburgh. It was much needed. In the 
early years of his residence at Oakmont 
he and his family, in the absence of a 
railroad, were obliged to make the trip to 
the city by the canal. In politics he was 
first a Whig and later a Republican, and 
while a staunch upholder of the principles 
of his party neither sought nor accepted 
office. He was one of the original mem- 
bers of the Fourth Avenue Baptist 
Church, now situated in the Schenley dis- 
trict of Pittsburgh, and for years served 
in the capacity of elder. 

Fidelity to principle and the cour'ge of 
his convictions were, perhaps, Mr. Lee's 
most striking characteristics, equalled, 
however, by tenacity of purpose. It was 
said of him, "he carried to completion 
anything he ever undertook" — truly, a 
wonderful tribute. He was a man of fine 
appearance, his patrician features and 
beautifully formed hands giving him a 
singular air of distinction. His hair was 
dark and his searching dark eyes had an 
expression at once commanding and 
kindly. His manner was dignified and 
genial and he was richly endowed with 
those endearing personal qualities that 
win and hold friends. His intellect was 
keen and vigorous. No man ever recog- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



nized with more electrical quickness a 
business opportunity and this, combined 
with his rare talents and unquestioned 
integrity, made him truly "a man of 
mark" and won for him wide popularity 
and far-reaching influence. He was a 
most interesting conversationalist and 
possessed a singular fund of humor which, 
however, was always controlled by his 
consideration for others and his great 
kindness of heart. He wielded a facile 
pen, having at command a rich store of 
knowledge and wealth of illustration. He 
was a man of intense humanity — one of 
those men who leave the world better 
than they found it. 

Mr. Lee married, October 17, 1822, 
Margaret, born August 15, 1805, daughter 
of John Paul and Amanda (Ausmand) 
Skelton, the former a prominent physi- 
cian of Pittsburgh, who died October 12, 
1856. Mr. and Mrs. Lee were the parents 
of the following children: 

1. John Skelton, born August 6, 1823, 
died August, 1904, married (first) Annie 
Thompson, who died January 5, 1848, no 
children. Married (second) Emily P., 
daughter of George Singer, a chair manu- 
facturer of Pittsburgh. Mrs. Lee died 
December 30, 1866; two children: Emily, 
who died in infancy, and George Singer, 
who died February 23, 1875, aged twenty 
3'ears. 

2. Andrew Jackson, born January 8, 
1825, died January 31, 1S95 ; married Ara- 
bella McMillan ; ten children : i. Richard 
Henry, of Pittsburgh, retired, married 
Eliza, daughter of the late George For- 
tune, a mayor of Pittsburgh. 2. Annie, 
deceased, married Jacob H. Blackmore, 
of Pittsburgh, whose father was a mayor 
of that city. 3. James Hutchinson, de- 
ceased, married Elizabeth, daughter of 
John McKelvey, a farmer of Plum town- 
ship ; no children. 4. Charles, of Oak- 
mont, married Amelia Mcllvaine, three 



children — William, of Detroit, Margaret 
and Elizabeth. 5. Wilson Miller, died Au- 
gust, 1908, married Ada Bonnfield, now 
of Pittsburgh ; children, two daughters : 
Effie, wife of W. G. Shallcross, and Es- 
ther. 6. Edward, died in childhood. 7. 

Robert A., of Oakmont. 8. , died 

in infancy. 9. , died in infancy. 

10. Annabelle, died in 1895. 

3. Maria Skelton, died young. 

4. Caleb, born November 18, 1827, died 
March 31, 1907; married Mary, daughter 
of Robert Knox ; children : Robert Knox, 
died March 9, 1879, father of Robert and 
Caleb, of Oakmont ; and Jennie, wife of 
Harry S. Paul, of Oakmont, president of 
the Verona Tool Works. 

5. William Carl, born May 23, 1829, 
died June 25, 1867 ; married Caroline, 
daughter of Oliver Rippey, a tailor. Mrs. 
Lee died December 6, 1854. 

6. Margaret, born November 18, 1830, 
died November 29, 1830. 

7. Anna Eliza, born January 28, 1832, 
died March i, 1835. 

8. Miriam Carl, born January 28, 1834, 
died August 7, 1855; married, October 5, 
1854, Wilson Miller, a sketch and por- 
trait of whom appear elsewhere in this 
work. 

9. Thomas, born November 4, 1835, died 
November 19, 1835. 

10. George Luckey, born June 17, 1837, 
died September 24, 1902, married. Febru- 
ary 17. 1858, Rebecca, daughter of the 
Rev. Samuel M. and Nancy Cowan (Gil- 
christ) McClung, and sister of ex-Judge 
Samuel and William H. McClung, of 
Pittsburgh, biographies and portraits of 
both McClungs elsewhere. Children of 
Mr. and I\Irs. Lee: i. Ida, wife of Dr. 
James Hamilton, of Oakmont. 2. Caleb 
C. 3. Elizabeth, married Robert McLean, 
of Oakmont, Pennsylvania. 4. Samuel 
McClung, of Bellevue, Pennsylvania. 5. 
Annie, married the Rev. George Holter. 



1690 




cJm'\ /ii^ ^/6.Jd. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



6. Cora, of Oakmont. 7. Alfred. 8. 
Nancy jMcClung. 9. Alargaret. 10. Re- 
becca. The four last are of Oakmont. 

11. Hannah jMaria, born October 17, 
1839, died January i, 1903, married, Feb- 
ruary 23, 1859, Wilson Miller, mentioned 
above. 

12. Richard Henry, born August 5, 
1841, died September 24, 1862. from the 
effects of exposure about the time of the 
second battle of Bull Run. He was a 
member of Knapp's Battery which has 
one monument in Pittsburgh and another 
at Gettysburg. 

13. Ann Warden, born June 13. 1843, 
married, February 28, 1871, Hugh \\'il- 
liams, son of Hugh and Eliza (Scott) 
Alexander. Children: Will Miller, mar- 
ried Mrs. Mazie (Fullwood) Runnette ; 
children — Will M. and Lee Aiken ; Fred- 
erick Scott, died in infancy ; Frank Mar- 
shall, married Jane Packham, of Ohio ; 
and Ann Lee, married Howard G. De 
Van. 

14. Robert Peter, born April 15, 1845, 
died June 24, 1847. 

15. Emma Louise, born October 21, 
1848, married, February 5, 1874, George 
V. IMarshall, of Pittsburgh, head of the 
firm of Marshall Brothers, elevator 
builders. Children: Vardie Hemming- 
ray, married Dr. R. B. Armor, of Grafton, 
Pennsylvania ; Lee Holmes, married 
Helen Lewis ; Margaret Miller, married 
Charles S. Hamilton; and Elizabeth. 

In his family relations Mr. Lee was 
singularly fortunate. His wife was a 
woman who breathed the charm of do- 
mesticity and made his home a refuge 
and place of repose after the cares and 
excitements of business. It was there he 
passed his happiest hours, delighting to 
gather his friends about him. Before re- 
moving to Oakmont he resided many 
years in the old First ward of Pittsburgh. 
Mrs. Lee survived her husband, passing 
away September 28, 1883. 



The death of Mr. Lee, which occurred 
July 9, 1878, deprived Pittsburgh of one 
who, both as business man and citizen, 
had at all times stood as an able exponent 
of the spirit of the age in his efforts to 
advance progress and improvement, who 
actively aided a number of institutions by 
his influence and means and who was 
widely but unostentatiously charitable. 
Realizing that he would not pass this way 
again, he made wise use of his opportuni- 
ties and his wealth, conforming his life 
to the loftiest standards of rectitude. 

All honor to Caleb Lee and his contem- 
poraries, strong men of the old city of 
Pittsburgh ! They strengthened her com- 
mercially and financially, enlarged her 
boundaries and rendered her beautiful 
and honorable. Their keen vision dis- 
cerned and their wisdom and energy 
made possible the magnificent city of the 
present day. 



KING, James, 

Distinguished Physician and Surgeon. 

Some men there are who take posses- 
sion of the public heart and hold it after 
they have gone, not by the might of 
genius alone, nor even by the power of 
brilliant services, but also by the force 
of personal character and by steady and 
persistent good conduct in all the situ- 
ations and under all the trials of life. 
While men like these are found in every 
walk and station of society and in every 
calling and occupation they are, perhaps, 
most frequently met with among mem- 
bers of the medical profession — votaries 
of an art, which, more than any other, is 
consecrated to the relief and uplifting of 
humanity. The roll of Pittsburgh physi- 
cians shows the names of many who ex- 
emplified the highest virtues of their call- 
ing, but none which is invested with 
nobler associations and more cherished 
memories than that of the late Dr. James 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



King, Surgeon-General of the State of 
Pennsylvania, and for more than a quar- 
ter of a century one of the leading prac- 
titioners and sterling citizens of Pitts- 
burgh, being identified not only with her 
professional interests, but with all the 
leading and most essential elements of 
her life as a municipality. 

James King was born January i8, 1816, 
in Bedford county, Pennsylvania, and 
was a son of John and Christine (Berk- 
stresser) King. John King was a well 
known ironmaster and influential citizen. 
The education of James King was re- 
ceived at the Bedford Classical and 
Mathematical Academy, then presided 
over by the Rev. Boynard R. Hall, noted 
both for scholarship and administrative 
ability. On making choice of the profes- 
sion of medicine, Mr. King entered the 
University of Transylvania, at Lexington, 
Kentucky, where he enjoyed the benefit 
of the instructions of Dr. Benjamin W. 
Dudley, the distinguished lithotomist and 
professor of anatomy and surgery. On 
March 14, 1838, he received the degree 
of Doctor of Medicine. 

The young physician immediately en- 
tered upon the practice of his profe^^sion, 
establishing himself at Hollidaysburg, 
Pennsylvania, where a fair measure of 
success attended him. In 1844 he re- 
moved to Washington, Pennsylvania, and 
there acquired a large and lucrative prac- 
tice. During a portion of the period of 
his residence there he held the position of 
Lecturer on Anatomy, Physiology and 
Hygiene in Washington College. Im- 
paired health forced him to resign, and 
in 1850 he removed to Pittsburgh, where 
his skill and learning, combined with 
force of character, a reputation without 
blemish and a singularly attractive per- 
sonality, speedily advanced him to the 
high professional standing which was his 
for the remainder of his life. 

Upon the breaking out of the Civil 

169, 



War, Dr. King, resigning his practice 
with all its emoluments, hastened to ofifer 
his services to the Federal government. 
He was successively surgeon at Camp 
Curtin, division surgeon of the State and 
medical director of the Pennsylvania Re- 
serves, holding the last-named position 
during the greater portion of the time 
elapsing between the date of their muster- 
ing in to cooperate with the government 
forces and the occurrence of the battle of 
Antietam. He participated actively in all 
their battles and operations up to that 
time, and then, at the request of Governor 
Curtin, was mustered out of the United 
States service in order that he might as- 
sume the position of Surgeon-General of 
the State of Pennsylvania. He was thus 
charged with the examination of the med- 
ical ofificers sent by the State into the 
field, and was an influential member of 
the first examining board organized by 
his predecessor, Surgeon-General Smith. 
Subsequently, Dr. King's unequalled re- 
ports as Surgeon-General of Pennsyl- 
vania were taken by the Surgeon-General 
of Ohio as a model for his own. While 
engaged in the field or hospital. Dr. King 
was distinguished by heroic self-possess- 
ion in the performance of the most try- 
ing and perilous duties and on several 
occasions risked his own life to save the 
lives of suffering and disabled soldiers. 
On August I, 1864, he resigned his honor- 
able and responsible office in order to re- 
sume his practice in Pittsburgh. Not only 
had he accomplished faithfully the ordi- 
nary routine duties attached to his posi- 
tion, but in many and various ways he had 
systematized and improved the scope of 
its management and regulation. 

On his return to Pittsburgh Dr. King 
at once entered upon a laborious and re- 
munerative practice and in 1866 received 
the highest honor the physicians of Penn- 
sylvania could bestow — the presidency of 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the Medical Society of the State of Penn- 
sylvania. 

In the welfare and prosperity of Pitts- 
burgh Dr. King ever manifested the keen- 
est interest, assisting, by his influence and 
means, all charitable and benevolent un- 
dertakings. Fraternally he was affiliated 
with the Masonic order, and stood high 
in their councils. Though intensely pub- 
lic-spirited, he neither sought nor desired 
office, and repeatedly refused to allow 
himself to be drawn into prominence as 
a politician. For years he was a member 
and elder of the Central Presbyterian 
Church, and later held the same office in 
the Second Presbyterian Church, and at 
the time of his death was a member of the 
Third Presbyterian Church of Bellefield. 

This brave soldier and beloved physi- 
cian was a man nobly planned, possessing 
generous impulses and a chivalrous sense 
of honor. Energy and intensity, fidelity 
and tenacity were deeply imprinted on 
his clear-cut, finely moulded features, ac- 
centuated as they were by dark mous- 
tache and whiskers and flowing beard. 
His hair, too, was dark and the form of 
his head indicative of an exceptionally 
large and strong mentality. His eyes 
were at once kindly, humorous and philo- 
sophical, rich and wise Avith the life 
which they had looked upon. Both in 
and out of his profession the number of 
his friends was legion. 

Dr. King married, December 5, 1839, 
Anne Lyon, daughter of James McPher- 
son and Rebecca (Lyon) Russell, and 
their five children were : Winslow Dud- 
ley, died aged twenty-one years ; James 
Russell ; John Lyon ; Annie Lyon, who 
became the wife of William Scott, a 
prominent attorney of Pittsburgh, now 
deceased, whose biography and portrait 
appear elsewhere in this work ; and Effie 
Bakewell. Mrs. King's death occurred 
July 4, 1884. Dr. King was devoted to 
his home and family and in his domestic 



relations was singularly fortunate. Few 
men have been endowed with more not- 
able social gifts and to his charm as a host 
many can testify. 

On March 11, 1880, Dr. King passed 
away. The medical profession was de- 
prived of a man of many brilliant attain- 
ments, eminently fitted for his high posi- 
tion, and Pittsburgh suffered the loss of 
one of her most loved and venerated citi- 
zens. 

The fifties, sixties and seventies con- 
stituted one of Pittsburgh's most brilliant 
epochs. Her annals of that period, show- 
ing records of industrial enterprise and 
commercial progress, also contain brave 
and inspiring tales of professional devo- 
tion and military valor, and of these pages 
none are brighter than those which tell 
the story of the noble soldier-surgeon, 
Dr. James King. 



McCURDY, Stewart LcRoy, 

Surgeon, Author and Editor. 

Stewart LeRoy McCurdy was born at 
Bowerston, Harrison county, Ohio, July 
15, 1859, son of Peter and Alary A. 
(Bower) jNIcCurdy, and grandson of 
Abel ]\IcCurdy, whose father emigrated 
from the North of Ireland during Revo- 
lutionary times and settled in Danville, 
New York. 

He was educated in the Dennison 
(Ohio) schools, was graduated from the 
Columbus Medical College in 1881, took 
the full course at the New York Pbst- 
Graduate Medical School in 1885, and re- 
ceived the od cnndnm degree of AI. D. 
from, the Ohio Medical University (De- 
partment of Ohio State University) in 
1890. The degree of A. M. was conferred 
upon him by Scio College in 1894. In 
1890 he served at the Vanderbilt Clinic, 
the Orthopedic Hospital and the Institute 
for Ruptured and Crippled Children, New 
York City. He was a trustee from 1887 



1693 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



to 1893 and Proiessor of Orthopedic Sur- 
gery from 1887 to 1891, at the Ohio Med- 
ical University. In 1882 he became sur- 
geon for the Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Chi- 
cago and St. Louis railroad at Dennison, 
Ohio, and in 1894 was transferred to 
Pittsburgh, and is now head surgeon for 
that company. He is also surgeon for the 
Pennsylvania railroad at Wilkinsburg, 
where he has his residence. He is ortho- 
pedic surgeon for the Presbyterian and 
Columbia Hospitals. He has been Pro- 
fessor of Anatomy and Oral Surgery in 
the Dental Department of the University 
of Pittsburgh since 1895, having been in- 
strumental in organizing this department 
of which he was a trustee and secretary 
for eight years. He was also Professor 
of Orthopedic and Clinical Surgery in the 
West Penn Medical College from 1900 to 
1909. 

He has been a prolific contributor to 
medical journals for the past twenty-five 
years, and is managing editor of the 
"Pittsburgh Medical Journal." He is the 
author of the following books : "Ortho- 
pedic Surgery," published in 1898; "A 
Manual of Oral Surgery," published in 
1902 ; "Anatomy in Abstract," published 
in 1905, which has passed through four 
editions, with a total sale of 15,000 copies; 
"Medical and Surgical Emergencies," pub- 
lished in 1906; "Bone and Joint Surgery," 
published in 1909; "A Text Book on Oral 
Surgery," published by Appleton in 1912; 
"General Anatomy for Dental Students," 
published in 1916; and "Minor Medicine 
and Surgery," published in 1916. He is 
owner and manager of the Medical Ab- 
stract Publishing Company. He is a fel- 
low of the American College of Surgeons, 
and a member of the American Medical 
Association, American Academy of Medi- 
cine, Pennsylvania Medical Society, Alle- 
gheny County Medical Society, Ameri- 
can Orthopedic Association and the 



Pennsylvania Railroad Surgeons Asso- 
ciation. 

On September i, 1887, he married 
Susan Rigg Street, daughter of Charles 
B. and Blance Rigg Street, of Dennison, 
Ohio. 



BLACK, George, 

Financier, Man of Enterprise. 

During the middle decades of the nine- 
teenth century Pittsburgh could boast of 
no more brilliant man of afifairs than the 
late George Black, organizer and for 
many years member of the well known 
firm of Lloyd & Black, and officially con- 
nected with a number of the city's finan- 
cial institutions. Mr. Black was for a 
long period prominently identified with 
the transportation trade and during his 
lifelong residence in Pittsburgh was in- 
separably associated with all her most 
essential interests. 

Philip Black, father of George Black, 
was born in 1788, in Eastern Pennsyl- 
vania, and when a young man settled in 
Pittsburgh, where he married Martha 
Finley Brown, a native of Saegerstown. 
Pennsylvania. Philip Black died about 
1824, leaving a young widow and a fam- 
ily of six children. 

George Black, son of Philip and Martha 
Finley (Brown) Black, was born May 8, 
1814, in Pittsburgh, not far from old Fort 
Duquesne, and after the death of his 
father continued to attend school until the 
age of thirteen when it became necessary 
for him to begin to earn a livelihood, his 
widowed mother being largely dependent 
upon him. After spending several years 
as office boy and clerk with James Dal- 
zell, who conducted a boat supply busi- 
ness on Water street, the youth's spirit of 
enterprise prompted him to strike out into 
new fields of endeavor, and to seek larger 
opportunities for the exercise of his ener- 



1694 




^<c./^. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



gies. In 1840 Mr. Black entered the ser- 
vice of the firm of D. Leech & Company, 
who had almost exclusive control of the 
transportation trade by canal and the Por- 
tage railroad between Pittsburgh and 
Philadelphia. In this position he had an 
opportunity for fully developing those 
qualities of tact, prudence and foresight 
which, joined to an untiring energy and 
an unwavering adherence to the strictest 
principles of rectitude, soon resulted in 
his becoming a member of the firm and 
occupying, while still one of the youngest 
business men of his time, a conspicuous 
position in commercial circles. After 
mastering fully the details of the trans- 
portation trade, he associated himself 
with Robert Hays under the firm name of 
Hays & Black, with the control of a 
packet line between Pittsburgh and Cin- 
cinnati. For a number of years the busi- 
ness flourished, largely in consequence of 
the capable management and unfaltering 
enterprise of Mr. Black, but the construc- 
tion of the Pennsylvania railroad in a 
direction parallel with the canal diverted 
the shipment of through freight and re- 
duced the business of the canal to carry- 
ing between local points on its line, virtu- 
ally destroying canal transportation. The 
services of Mr. Black who was then wide- 
ly known as a man of ability and experi- 
ence, were eagerly sought by the Penn- 
sylvania railroad, and he associated him- 
self with the firm of Clark & Thaw, taking 
charge of all the freight arriving over 
their route which required reshipment. 
This position he retained until 1859 when 
impaired health forced him to tender his 
resignation. 

Meanwhile he had become interested in 
the iron trade, then coming into promi- 
nence in the Pittsburgh district, his in- 
clinations in this direction having been 
fostered by his marriage with the daugh- 
ter of Alexander Miller, one of the heav- 
iest iron founders of the day. In 1848 



he had become interested with Mr. Miller 
in the Kensington Iron Works and in 
1854 Henry Lloyd was admitted to the 
firm, which was thenceforth known as 
Miller, Lloyd & Black. About this time 
the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, 
which had a rare faculty of discovering 
the full merit of men, made Mr. Black a 
most flattering offer of a very responsible 
and lucrative position. After mature con- 
sideration, Mr. Black finally declined this 
offer, and in 1857, Mr. Miller having sold 
his interest to the other partners, organ- 
ized, in association with Henry Lloyd, 
the firm of Lloyd & Black. To the affairs 
of this concern Mr. Black thenceforth de- 
voted his energies, largely assisting to 
build up on a sure foundation an exten- 
sive business and to make the firm of 
Lloyd & Black a synonym for inflexible 
integrity. 

As a business man, Mr. Black was in 
many respects a model, scorning all suc- 
cess which had not for its basis truth and 
honor and carefully systematizing every 
department in order that there might be 
no needless expenditure of time, material 
and labor. His conduct toward his em- 
ployes was likewise worthy of emulation. 
Never did he make the grave mistake of 
regarding them merely as parts of a 
great machine. On the contrary, he rec- 
ognized their individuality, making it a 
rule that faithful and efficient service 
should be promptly rewarded with pro- 
motion as opportunity offered. 

With the financial interests of Pitts- 
burgh, Mr. Black was closely identified, 
and in this connection displayed no less 
ability than in mercantile pursuits. He 
was a director of the Pennsylvania Rail- 
road Company and the Merchants' and 
Manufacturers' Bank, and a trustee of the 
Dollar Savings Bank. He was an organ- 
izer and director of the People's National 
Bank, the People's Savings Bank and the 
Pittsburgh Insurance Company. To what- 



1695 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ever he undertook he gave his whole soul, 
allowing none of the many interests in- 
trusted to his care to suffer for want of 
close and able attention and industry. 

As a citizen Mr. Black was universally 
esteemed, always sustaining the character 
of a true man and giving loyal support to 
all measures which, in his judgment, 
tended to promote the welfare of Pitts- 
burgh. In his response to all demands 
made upon him in behalf of the public 
weal his generosity kept pace with his 
wealth and no good work done in the 
name of charity or religion sought his co- 
operation in vain. He was a constant 
attendant of the First English Lutheran 
Church, assisting liberally in its support 
and contributing generously toward the 
maintenance of its work. 

About the whole personality of Mr. 
Black there was a certain grave firmness 
and an earnestness of manner which ac- 
corded with the broad, intelligent fore- 
head, square jaw and resolute chin, the 
whole countenance being frequently il- 
lumined by the calm smile of one who 
sees the best in the world and has learned 
to comprehend its seriousness and .0 for- 
give its frivolity. Of deep convictions 
and great force of character, he was pre- 
eminently a man to lean upon — a man 
upon whom men leaned. As a business 
man he was remarkable for his method- 
ical habits and these, in combination with 
a very retentive memory, made every de- 
tail, past or present, always as familiar to 
him as every-day facts. His personal 
magnetism joined to his genius for leader- 
ship gave him a matchless following and 
compelled the unquestioning confidence 
of men of affairs. 

Mr. Black married, February 19, 1846, 
Jane, daughter of Alexander and Mar- 
garet (Clark) Miller, and the following 
children were born to them: Margaret, 
deceased ; Alexander ; Martha ; Lillie ; 
Mary; Georee P. and William H. Mrs. 

1696 



Black was one of those rare women who 
combine with perfect womanliness and 
domesticity an unerring judgment, traits 
of the greatest value to her husband, to 
whom she was not alone a charming com- 
panion but a trusted confidante. Devoted 
in his family relations, Mr. Black was 
never so happy as at his own fireside 
where he delighted to gather his friends 
about him. Mrs. Black survived her hus- 
band many years, passing away May 7, 
1896. 

The death of Mr. Black, which occurred 
August 5. 1872, was a direct blow to 
Pittsburgh, depriving her of a liberal, 
clear-headed manufacturer of broad 
views and superior business methods who 
reflected honor upon our city while ad- 
vancing her interests. In passing on to 
a position of wealth and influence never 
did he neglect an opportunity to assist 
one less fortunate than himself and his 
life was in large measure an exemplifica- 
tion of his belief in the brotherhood of 
mankind. A man of stainless character 
in every relation of life, there falls over 
his record no shadow of wrong nor sus- 
picion of evil. 

The following is an extract from the 
resolutions passed by the board of direc- 
tors of the Pennsylvania Railroad Com- 
pany: 



Whereas, This board has heard with sincere 
sorrow of the decease of their late fellow-mem- 
ber, George Black, Esquire, of Pittsburgh, who 
for the period of more than four years served 
as director of this company, representing espe- 
cially the interests of the city of Pittsburgh, we 
regret the loss of an esteemed colleague whose 
integrity was of the highest character and whose 
sound judgment was always exercised for the 
best interests of the stockholders. 

An old resident of Pittsburgh who had 
known Mr. Black for years said of him : 

George Black was a man nobly planned. He 
possessed generous impulses and a chivalrous 
sense of honor. The adage, "his word was as 




^^^-^zt^ (a<^' 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



good as his bond," was not infrequently quoted 
in giving an estimate of his character when his 
memory was referred to in social intercourse, 
and it admirably epitomized his dominant trait. 
He was ardent in his friendships, and those who 
enjoyed his esteem could forfeit it only by their 
deviation from his high standard of honor and 
integrity. For dissimulation or intrigue when 
disclosed he had no toleration. His tempera- 
ment was bright and cheerful, his apprehension 
acute and sagacious, but always held in abey- 
ance to his matured judgment. Such constitu- 
ents combining in the formation of his char- 
acter rendered his large success an inevitable 
consequence. 

During his life of more than half a 
century Mr. Black witnessed the advance- 
ment of his native city to the proud posi- 
tion of the industrial centre of the United 
States, and in the promotion of that ad- 
vancement he played a most important 
part. More than forty years have now 
elapsed since he passed from the scene 
of his activities, but in the forces which 
he set in motion his influence still sur- 
vives and the Pittsburgh of to-day is 
largely his fitting monument. 



ESSER, Jacob Bieber, 

Enterprising Journalist. 

For a quarter of a century Mr. Esser 
has been the editor and publisher of the 
"Kutztown Journal," a newspaper on 
which years before he had learned the 
printer's trade, therefore it may be said 
that his entire business life has been spent 
in the service of the people of Kutztown. 
A review of his life will prove that state- 
ment to be literally true, and will also 
prove that there are few of the activities 
and interests of that borough which have 
not benefitted by his interest and public 
spirit. 

Mr. Esser descends from Jacob Esser, 
a cabinet-maker of Kutztown, Berks 
county, a soldier of the Revolution, whose 
record of service is on file in the Pension 
Bureau at Washington. One of his spe- 



cialties in cabinet work was in the making 
of cases for the old style "grandfather's 
clocks," and specimens of his handiwork 
are yet to be found in old Berks county 
homes. He was born December 29, 1758, 
died August 24, 1845, ^"^ was buried in 
the graveyard of the old Lutheran and 
Reformed church in Kutztown. He mar- 
ried Anna Maria Croll, who was buried 
by his side in the old graveyard. His 
son, Jacob Esser, married Sarah Fisher, 
and had but one son, Charles W., father 
of Jacob Bieber Esser. 

Charles W. Esser was born at his 
father's farm in Maxatawny township, 
Berks county, and in early life learned 
the hatter's trade. After finishing his 
years of apprenticeship he opened a store 
in Kutztown, using the rear as a shop in 
which to make the hats, and the front 
part for a salesroom. He was an ardent 
Democrat, was for many years a justice 
of the peace, and a candidate for sheriflF 
of Berks county. He married (first) 
Anna Maria Schwoyer; (second) Mary, 
daughter of John and Salome (Fetherolf) 
Bieber of a prominent Berks county fam- 
ily. Charles W. Esser died August 20, 
1863, his widow surviving him until Sep- 
tember 8, 1894, and both are buried in the 
same plot in Hope Cemetery, Kutztown. 
By his second wife he had a daughter 
Sarah, who married Samuel Smith, of 
Kutztown, and a son Charles Bieber. 

Jacob Bieber Esser was born in Kutz- 
town, Berks county, Pennsylvania, Jan- 
uary 5, 1863, and there his life has been 
mainly spent. He was educated in the 
public schools of Kutztown, and in Key- 
stone State Normal, beginning his life's 
work as an apprentice in the printing 
room of the "Kutztown Journal," then 
edited and published by A. B. Urick. For 
two years after completing his trade he 
worked on a Philadelphia paper, then 
spent three years in a printing office in 
New York City, acquiring a thorough 
697 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



knowledge of metropolitan printing meth- 
ods, and becoming master of the printer's 
art. He then returned to Kutztown, and 
in 1887 purchased "The Journal" and the 
"Kutztown Patriot," two valuable news- 
paper properties that he yet owns and 
publishes, "The Journal" printed in Ger- 
man, "The Patriot" in English. He has 
ever given his business close personal at- 
tention, and both under his wise, liberal 
and energetic direction have added in cir- 
culation and influence to the high stand- 
ing both have attained since the time they 
became his property. His office is a sur- 
prisingly modern one for a country bor- 
ough, the press room equipped with lino- 
type, improved presses, folders and other 
modern machinery, the job work and both 
papers presenting superior typographic 
appearance. The evidence is everywhere 
apparent that a master workman and a 
modern newspaper man is in command. 
The newspapers are influential each in 
its own field and the plant a prosperous 
one. 

As editor of "The Journal" and "Pa- 
triot," Mr. Esser has maintained a liberal 
public-spirited policy toward borough 
and county, and as a citizen has ever 
striven to advance the best interests of 
his native town. For nine years he was 
secretary of the old Kutztown Fair Asso- 
ciation, and was one of the leaders and 
the first president of the new association, 
whose outlay for ground and improve- 
ment totalled more than $30,000. In poli- 
tics a Democrat, he has labored strenu- 
ously for party success. For six consecu- 
tive years he served on the county com- 
mittee, and four of these years was secre- 
tary. In 1903 he was chosen assistant 
chairman of the committee, and the fol- 
lowing year chairman. He has been a 
frequent delegate to county and State 
conventions, and in 1901 was the success- 
ful candidate for the ofiice of clerk of the 
Court of Quarter Sessions of Berks coun- 



ty, the first and the last time he ever ac- 
cepted public office. 

He is a member of the Pennsylvania 
State Editorial Association, and belongs 
to the Press Club of Reading. In the 
Masonic order he is a thirty-second de- 
gree Mason, Ancient Accepted Scottish 
Rite, a master Mason of Huguenot Lodge, 
a companion of Excelsior Chapter (Read- 
ing), a sir knight of Reading Command- 
ery, and a noble of the Mystic Shrine. 
He also belongs to the Knights of the 
Golden Eagle and the Junior Order of 
the American Mechanics. 

Mr. Esser married, October 10, 1887, 
Mary L., daughter of John C. Hillegas, of 
Pennsbury, Alontgomery county, Penn- 
sylvania. Children : Florence O., Charles 
H. and Helen M. 



WILSON, Adam, 

Enterprising Bnilder, Financier. 

Among the men of Pittsburgh — whose 
intelligence, courage and industry won 
for that marvellous city her world fame 
as the industrial centre of civilization — 
was the late Adam Wilson, president and 
director of the famous A. &: S. Wilson 
Company and officially identified with 
other leading business and financial or- 
ganizations of his native city. 

Adam Wilson was born in Pittsburgh, 
August 28, 1854, the son of the late Sam- 
uel and Eliza (Mitchell) Wilson, his 
father having achieved prominence as a 
contractor and builder. He received his 
early education in Pittsburgh public 
schools. After graduating from the pub- 
lic schools and from Newell's Academy, 
he entered the firm of A. & S. Wilson as 
assistant bookkeeper. After working sev- 
eral years as bookkeeper and gaining 
considerable experience in the practical 
side of contracting and building, he be- 
came a member of the firm, on the death 
of his uncle, Alexander Wilson, in 1886. 



1698 




'(cL-^ y^/^^^c^v^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



In 1902 the business was incorporated as 
the A. & S. Wilson Company, and he 
became its president, an office which he 
held until death. 

The progress of the work of this widely 
known firm furnishes interesting evidence 
of the structural changes the city has 
undergone. At the time of Its erection 
by the Wilsons, the Lewis Block, on 
Smithfield street, was regarded as Pitts- 
burgh's finest business building. But 
then came the era of large structures, the 
utilization of steel and improved fire- 
proofing material. In the Keenan build- 
ing, the Jones & Laughlin building, the 
Union Bank, the Commonwealth build- 
ing, the Hostetter building, the Allegheny 
county jail and the Highland building, 
are splendidly exhibited the present-day 
work of the A. & S. Wilson Company. 
So well equipped is the organization, both 
in respect to financial resources and 
working force, that it is well prepared at 
any time to undertake building contracts 
of any description. The capitalization of 
the corporation is $1,200,000, and it em- 
ploys upward of one thousand men. 

Aside from his connection with this 
great organization, Mr. Wilson was a 
director in the Union National Bank, the 
Iron City Trust Company, the National 
Fireproofing Company, the United States 
and Nicaragua Company and the Build- 
ers' Exchange League. He was also a 
member of the Master Builders' Associa- 
tion. 

Politically, Mr. Wilson was a Repub- 
lican, and while he never accepted any 
active part in public affairs, or any nomi- 
nation for office, he took the interest of 
a good citizen in all matters of local and 
national importance, and in regard to 
questions of municipal significance his 
counsel was frequently solicited. In his 
benefactions to charity he was generous 
and constantly sought to avoid the pub- 
lic gaze. Fond of athletics and outdoor 



sports, he was a member of the Pitts- 
burgh Athletic Association, and the Du- 
quesne and Union clubs. He was an 
active member also of the Third United 
Presbyterian Church. 

Mr. Wilson married, October 12, 1897, 
Miss Mary Dickson, daughter of the late 
Alexander M. and Mary Way (Dickson) 
Watson. By this marriage Mr. Wilson 
gained the life companionship of a charm- 
ing and congenial women, and one fitted 
in all ways to be a worthy helpmate. 
Children of Mr. and Mrs. Wilson: Ed- 
ward ; Mary Dickson ; and Agnes Mitchell 
Wilson. Mrs. Wilson is a Daughter of 
the American Revolution. 

The death of Mr. Wilson, which oc- 
curred December 17, 1912, deprived Pitts- 
burgh of one of her most respected citi- 
zens, and foremost business men, one 
whose career was illustrative of the essen- 
tial principles of a true life, who fulfilled 
to the letter every trust committed to 
him and was generous in his feelings and 
conduct toward all. The son of the origi- 
nator of a great business enterprise, 
Adam Wilson ably and worthily carried 
it forward. He was one whom his native 
city will never forget, because she is, in 
a sense, his handiwork. He was one of 
the "Makers of Modern Pittsburgh." 

(Mrs. Adam Wilson's Line). 

Robert Morgas Roberts, Cecil County 
(Maryland) Regiment, married Mary 
Richford, the daughter of Thomas and 
Esther Richford, born at Georgetown 
Cross Roads. Kent county, Maryland. 
Their fifth child, Elizabeth, married Wil- 
liam Lindsay, of Mercer county, Penn- 
sylvania, August, 1798. Their daughter 
Nancy married Nicholas Way, of Sewick- 
ley, Pennsylvania, 1819. Their daughter, 
Mary Ann Way, born February 27, 1820, 
married John Dickson, M. D., August 27, 
1838. John Dickson was born in Cecil 
county, Maryland, April 24, 1812. Their 



1699 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



daughter, Mary Way Dickson, married 
Alexander McLeod Watson (attorney-at- 
law), of Pittsburgh, September 6, 1859. 
Their daughter, Mary Dickson Watson, 
married Adam Wilson, October 12, 1897. 
Edward, Mary Dickson and Agnes Mitch- 
ell are the children of this marriage. 



HOLLOPETER, William C, M. D., 

Hospital Official, Professional Author. 

A graduate of the Medical Department 
of the University of Pennsylvania, class 
of 'JT, Dr. Hollopeter has since that event 
vi^on his way from the foot of the ladder 
to a position of honor and renown in his, 
the oldest of professions. To deep re- 
search, investigation and experience, he 
adds a sound judgment and rare discrimi- 
nation in diagnosis and treatment that 
places him among the foremost of Phila- 
delphia physicians, while the talent he 
possesses in a high degree for imparting 
knowledge to others has rendered him 
a most valuable addition to the faculty 
of the Medico-Chirurgical Medical Col- 
lege. His hospital work has been very 
extensive and, although his practice has 
been general, his skill in the treatment of 
diseases of children, has won him fame 
as a specialist in those diseases. To his 
many years of service as practitioner and 
professor, Dr. Hollopeter has added offi- 
cial connection with the medical soci- 
eties, local and national, and to the litera- 
ture of his profession has contributed by 
the authorship and publication of two 
standard text books. His prominence in 
his profession has been fairly earned and 
merited, coming as it has through hard 
work, deep study, research, native ability 
and consecration to the art of healing. 
With his high professional attainments 
go a fine personality and a sterling man- 
hood, that command the admiration and 
respect of all who know him either pro- 
fessionally or socially. 

I 



William C. Hollopeter was born at 
Muncy, Lycoming county, Pennsylvania, 
May 5, 1856, and there his early youth 
was spent acquiring an elementary and 
preparatory education in public and pri- 
vate schools. He completed his classical 
study at Bucknell University, Lewisburg, 
Pennsylvania, graduating with the class 
of '74, and soon afterward entering the 
Medical Department of the University of 
Pennsylvania, whence he was graduated 
Doctor of Medicine, class of '"JT. He 
spent the following eighteen months as 
interne at the Presbyterian Hospital, 
Philadelphia, then for three years was 
associated as student and assistant with 
Dr. George Strawbridge, making a spe- 
cial study of diseases of the throat, eye 
and ear. He then began private practice, 
and to-day is the loved and trusted family 
physician in many, many households, 
among the best families of Philadelphia. 

In 1888 Dr. Hollopeter became a mem- 
ber of the medical staff of the newly es- 
tablished Methodist Hospital, and in 1890 
began his long term as an instructor at 
the Medico-Chirurgical College as lec- 
turer on diseases of children. Later he 
became a full member of the faculty, fill- 
ing the chair of Pediatrics, and since 1890 
has been Professor of the chair. Diseases 
of Children, few professors being better 
qualified for the chair they fill. In 1895 
he was elected Pediatrician to St. Joseph's 
Hospital, and the following year was ap- 
pointed attending physician to that insti- 
tution. In 1900 he was elected by the 
City Board of Charities and Corrections 
as attending physician in all diseases of 
children at the Philadelphia Hospital. 
Thus in hospital work, educational in- 
struction and in private practice his life 
would seem to have been a full one, but 
these do not fully measure the extent of 
his activity and usefulness. They have, 
however, rendered him an authority 
among his professional brethren, and in 
700 





^^' - ^ 




J, 1 ^-^ 

t 







^^^r 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



recognition of his study, research and 
successful practice he has been chosen 
president of the Association of American 
Teachers of the Diseases of Children. He 
holds membership in the city and State 
medical societies, also in the American 
Medical Association, and was formerly 
chairman of the section on Diseases of 
Children. He belongs to the Pediatric 
and Philadelphia clubs, and takes active 
part in the proceedings and deliberations 
of the various bodies of which he is a 
member. 

As an author of standard text books, 
Dr. Hollopeter is well known to the pro- 
fession through his publication of "A 
Text Book on Hay Fever" that has run 
through three editions, and his "Dis- 
eases of Children," which is a standard 
authority. He is also a frequent contrib- 
utor to the medical journals, his articles 
on diseases in which he has specialized 
carrying authority as to their prevention 
and treatment. 



HART, William Kennedy, 

Financier, Insurance Actuary. 

The fifty years which in our national 
history are emblazoned in their centre 
with the sanguinary ensign of Civil War, 
constituted a momentous era in the annals 
of Pittsburgh, and during that memor- 
able half-century the one man who was 
perhaps more influential than any other 
in developing the financial interests of 
our city, was the late William Kennedy 
Hart, for many years head of the banking 
firm known successively as Hart, Caughey 
& Company and Hart & Wilkinson. Mr. 
Hart was also largely instrumental in the 
organization and progress of numerous 
Pittsburgh business concerns which have 
since grown to huge proportions. 

Joshua Hart, father of William Ken- 
nedy Hart, was a preacher, and married 
Rachel, daughter of Nathan and Lydia 



(Russom) Fleming. Nathan Fleming, 
who went in 1789 to West Virginia, was 
a son of William Fleming, who was born 
in 1717 and married Jean Frame. His 
forefathers were forced by religious per- 
secution to leave their native Scotland 
and take refuge in the North of Ireland. 
Joshua Hart and his wife were the par- 
ents of the following children : William 
Kennedy, mentioned below ; Nathan F., 
deceased, whose biography and portrait 
appear elsewhere in this work ; and Mar- 
tha, now the widow of Dr. W. S. Mackin- 
tosh, whose biography and portrait may 
also be found on another page of this 
work. Joshua Hart was a man of high 
principles and most lovable disposition. 

William Kennedy, son of Joshua and 
Rachel (Fleming) Hart, was born June 
2, 1816, at Uniontown, Pennsylvania. He 
was blessed with parents whose teachings 
were illustrated and enforced by the daily 
example of their truly Christian lives. 
An imperfect description of his father's 
personality has already been presented 
and in saying that his mother was a 
woman of strong character, excelling in 
all the domestic virtues we give but a 
faint idea of all that she was to her fam- 
ily. William Kennedy Hart received a 
public school education, and at an early 
age came to Pittsburgh, where he was 
employed as bookkeeper on boats carry- 
ing merchandise between that city and 
New Orleans. 

It was not long, however, before Mr. 
Hart turned his attention to that sphere 
in which he was destined to achieve great 
and permanent success — the sphere of 
banking. He was first associated with 
the firm of Hussey, Hanna & Company, 
and later became a partner, the style 
being changed to Hanna, Hart & Com- 
pany. When Mr. Hanna retired the firm 
was reorganized as Hart, Caughey & 
Company, private bankers. The last 
change was to Hart & Wilkinson, and as 



1701 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



such the firm remained until the close of 
Mr. Hart's life. Well directed aggres- 
siveness, coupled with wise conservatism, 
made of Mr. Hart the ideal banker, and 
the strength and prosperity of the firm 
of which he was for many years the rul- 
ing spirit were a conspicuous memorial 
to his wisdom and ability. 

During the Civil War, Mr. Hart was 
the agent of Jay Cooke, transacting all 
business in regard to the sale of govern- 
ment bonds, and his great and unques- 
tioned integrity, force of character and 
insight into the motives and merits of 
men inspired in the public the most im- 
plicit confidence and gave him an influ- 
ence scarcely to be estimated. 

To Mr. Hart belongs the distinction of 
having been the first man in Pittsburgh 
to send money by express, thus broaden- 
ing to an immeasurable extent the scope 
of our financial system. He was secre- 
tary and treasurer of the Monongahela 
Navigation Company, and a partner in 
the firm of Chess, Smyth & Company, 
being also connected with several other 
large banking institutions and mercan- 
tile concerns of Pittsburgh. 

Seldom, indeed, is it that a man as active 
and successful in business as Mr. Hart 
takes the keen and helpful interest in 
civic aft'airs which he ever manifested. 
His political affiliations were with the Re- 
publicans, but he was never numbered 
among office-seekers, preferring to con- 
centrate his energies on his duties and re- 
sponsibilities as a banker and business 
man, and being, moreover, a man to 
whom political wire-pulling was an in- 
trinsic impossibility. In all movements 
which, in his judgment, tended to pro- 
mote the welfare of Pittsburgh, his co- 
operation was never wanting, and his 
ideas in regard to both local and national 
questions of importance were respected 
as those of a vigilant and attentive ob- 
server of men and measures. Ever ready 



to respond to any deserving call made 
upon him, he was widely but unostenta- 
tiously charitable. Among the benevo- 
lent institutions on which he bestowed 
personal attention was the House of 
Refuge, occupying, for some time, a seat 
on its board of directors. He was a mem- 
ber of the Second Presbyterian Church. 
The dominant traits of Mr. Hart's char- 
acter, which have been described as verac- 
ity, honesty and generosity and which 
were strikingly manifested throughout 
his career, were plainly written on his 
countenance and spoke in the searching 
yet kindly glance of his eye and the firm 
and earnest tones of his voice. The some- 
what trite yet always forceful saying, 
"His word was as good as his bond," ad- 
mirably epitomizes the trait which was 
the cornerstone of his exceptional suc- 
cess. He was skilled in reading the 
"signs of the times" and in shaping his 
course in accordance with what he fore- 
saw would be the issue of events. In- 
variably dignified and courteous, he pos- 
sessed withal a geniality of disposition 
that drew men to him. His ripe and 
varied experience made him the trusted 
counsellor of young and old alike, and he 
was ever a loyal friend and a true Chris- 
tian gentleman. 

Mr. Hart married, in May, 1854, Mar- 
garet Latimer McCook, whose family 
record is appended to this sketch, and 
the following children were born to them : 
Virginia, widow of James M. Wilkinson, 
whose biography may be found on an- 
other page of this work ; Ella, died young; 
and William Kennedy, mentioned below. 
Mrs. Hart, a perfect type of the refined 
and cultured gentlewoman, possessed the 
breadth of mind and the liberality of sen- 
timent, together with the accomplish- 
ments of a homemaker, necessary to make 
her the sympathetic helpmate of such a 
man as her husband, the ruling motive of 
whose life was devotion to his family and 
1702 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



who was never so happy as when sur- 
rounded by the members of his house- 
hold. Mrs. Hart was actively engaged in 
church and charitable work and during 
the civil war belonged to societies organ- 
ized to make clothing for the soldiers. 
For many years she was a member of the 
Second Presbyterian Church. Mrs. Hart 
survived her husband many years, pass- 
ing away January 29, 1914, at the vener- 
able age of eighty-six. 

The death of Mr. Hart, which occurred 
October 5, 1890, deprived Pittsburgh of 
one who had long been a recognized 
leader in banking circles and in the busi- 
ness world. Broad in his views, unfail- 
ingly self-reliant and intensely public- 
spirited, he left to his city, to his family 
and friends, the memory of a noble and 
upright life. 

Great cities are built up not alone by 
the men whose colossal achievements 
form part of the world's history, but also 
by those whose services, while of less 
magnitude, are of wide-reaching force and 
revolutionizing influence. To this impor- 
tant and pervasive class of workers Mr. 
Hart distinctively belonged. He was the 
originator of ideas which strengthened, 
extended and in some respects trans- 
formed the banking system and business 
methods of Pittsburgh. He was the chief 
promoter of a number of enterprises 
which to-day are among the well known 
and prosperous concerns of the city. He 
aided to a degree which, perhaps, will 
never be fully appreciated, in upholding 
lofty standards of citizenship and of finan- 
cial honor. The Pittsburgh of to-day is 
what she is largely because of the life and 
work of William Kennedy Hart. 

William Kennedy, son of William Ken- 
nedy and Margaret Latimer (McCook) 
Hart, was born May 9, 1861, in Pitts- 
burgh, and graduated from the commer- 
cial department of the Central High 
School of his native city. In 1878 he be- 

I 



came a clerk in the general store of H. 
C. Frick & Company, at Dunbar, Fayette 
county, and from 1^79 to 1891, was asso- 
ciated with the Second National Bank of 
Pittsburgh, first as a messenger, and then 
in the positions of assistant teller and dis- 
count clerk. From 1891 to 1903 he was 
teller of the Liberty National Bank, and 
from 1903 to 1905 treasurer in the East 
End Savings and Trust Company. In 
1906 illness caused his temporary retire- 
ment, and in 1907 he removed to Midland, 
Beaver county, where he has since been 
engaged in the real estate and insurance 
business, under the firm name of Porter 
& Hart. 

In politics Mr. Hart is a Republican, 
but has never consented to hold any office 
with the exception of member of the 
council of Midland, in which he served 
a four years' term. He gives to any 
measure which he thinks calculated to 
advance the general welfare the support 
of his influence and means and his char- 
ities are numerous but without publicity. 
He is a member of the First Presbyterian 
Church of Midland. 

The countenance of Mr. Hart is expres- 
sive of the resolution, thoughtfulness and 
executive ability which form part of his 
family traditions, and his manner and 
bearing reveal him as the able business 
man and good citizen which his commun- 
ity knows him to be. One of his favorite 
recreations is baseball and as a lover of 
nature he enjoys tramping over the coun- 
try roads and through the deep woods. 
The two things which he believes will 
contribute most to the strengthening of 
sound ideals and the attainment of true 
success in life are "a clear conscience and 
proper care of the body." 

Mr. Hart married, April 27, 1905, Lucy, 
daughter of Professor B. C. and Anna 
(Rovoudt) Jillson, grandaughter of Seth 
and Elizabeth (Speer) Jillson and An- 
drew and Sarah (Grant) Rovoudt, and a 

703 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



descendant of John Alden and Priscilla 
Mullins, of "Mayflower" fame. 

(The McCook Line). 

George McCook, grandfather of Mrs. 
Margaret Latimer (McCook) Hart, mar- 
ried Mary McCormick, and they were the 
parents of three sons : George, mentioned 
below ; Daniel, who married Martha Lati- 
mer and during the civil war served with 
his nine sons in the Union Army, in the 
annals of which they were known as "the 
fighting McCooks;" and John, who lived 
in Ohio, married Catherine Sheldon, and 
had the following children : Colonel Ed- 
ward McCook, once Governor of Dakota ; 
Anson, for years Secretary of the Treas- 
ury, now a lawyer of New York ; John, 
Professor of Languages at Trinity Col- 
lege ; Mary, now living in New York, 
widow of William Sheldon ; and Henry 
Christopher, author, scientist and minis- 
ter, was of Philadelphia and died in 1912. 
He was a great friend of the Rev. Henry 
Van Dyke. 

George, son of George and Mary (Mc- 
Cormick) McCook, was born in June, 
1795, in Canonsburg, Washington coun- 
ty, Pennsylvania, and before attaining 
his majority commenced the study of 
medicine, graduating with honor a year 
or two later at one of the best medical 
schools in the United States. In 1818 he 
went to New Lisbon, Ohio. His ability 
and determination triumphed over all ob- 
stacles and he soon ranked among the 
best physicians of Ohio. For thirty years 
he was closely identified with the inter- 
ests of Columbiana county, and though 
the greater portion of his time was de- 
voted to his profession bestowed much 
attention on the promotion of the general 
prosperity of the county, laboring espe- 
cially for the improvement of horses and 
cattle. 

Despite the fact that he was consider- 
ably advanced in years he offered his 

I 



services to the government and during 
the war served at various periods in dif- 
ferent positions of trust and usefulness. 
In 1868 and 1872 he was an ardent sup- 
porter of General Grant. In 1844 Dr. 
McCook was appointed Professor of Sur- 
gery in the medical school connected with 
Willoughby University, then the best 
medical school in Ohio, and after leav- 
ing that institution received a similar ap- 
pointment in Baltimore Medical College, 
where he remained two years. About 
1850 he removed to Pittsburgh, where he 
devoted his entire time to the practice of 
his profession, commanding an enviable 
position in the medical fraternity of that 
city. 

Dr. McCook married Margaret, daugh- 
ter of Alexander and Margaret Latimer, 
and their children were : Martha, mar- 
ried Theobald Umbstaetter and had three 
sons. James E. Umbstaetter, Charles L. 
Umbstaetter and Edwin S. Umbstaetter; 
Catherine, married Benjamin Hanna ; Dr. 
George L., born July 31, 1824, died in 
Pittsburgh, January 6, 1874, father of 
Willis McCook, of that city ; Mary, mar- 
ried Kersey Hanna, of Cleveland, uncle 
of Mark Hanna, the statesman ; Margaret 
Latimer, mentioned below ; Elizabeth 
Ledley, married Jonathan Wallace, of 
Lisbon, Ohio; Frances, widow of Otis B. 
Childs, of Pittsburgh, children: Otis H., 
deceased, and Elizabeth W., of Pitts- 
burgh ; Amelia ; and David Beggs, died 
young. Dr. McCook spent his last years 
at Lisbon, Ohio, where he died June 25, 
1873. Few men labored more earnestly 
for the benefit of others and few accom- 
plished more. 

Margaret Latimer, daughter of Alex- 
ander and Margaret (Latimer) McCook, 
was born September 28, 1828, at Lisbon. 
Ohio, and attended the old school near 
her home. In 1850 she came to Pitts- 
burgh with her parents, an(3 in 1854 she 
became the wife of William Kennedy 
Hart, as stated above. 
704 




f^ iA^^^ ^^^p._^z^ /^. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



SCHAEFFER, Charles D., 

Physician, Hospital Official, Financier. 

Charles D. Schaeffer, M. D., surgeon- 
in-chief of the Allentown Hospital, a son 
of David and Esther Ann (Christ) Schaef- 
fer, was born in Maxatawny township. 
Berks county, November 4, 1864. Like 
his older brothers, it seems he had a nat- 
ural desire for higher education, and at 
an early age he became a student at the 
Keystone State Normal School, where he 
received his college preparatory training. 
He was graduated with honors from 
Franklin and Marshall College in 1886, 
and from the University of Pennsylvania 
in the M. D. course in 1889. Locating in 
Allentown after his graduation, he soon 
achieved more than a local reputation as 
a physician and surgeon. For a number 
of years he was the president of the Board 
of Health of Allentown. When Dr. Yost's 
health failed and he could no longer 
attend to his duties as mayor of Allen- 
town, Dr. Schaefifer was appointed to fill 
the office, and on April 22, 1907, he was 
unanimously elected by council, mayor 
of Allentown, to fill Dr. Yost's unexpired 
term. 

Dr. Schaeffer has taken a keen interest 
in the financial affairs of the city, being 
a director and vice-president of the Allen- 
town National Bank. He has been prom- 
inently identified with the Allentown 
Hospital since its inception in 1898, as 
a trustee, and surgeon-in-chief. The 
splendid results accomplished at the insti- 
tution are the effects of his untiring 
energy. To him more than to any other 
individual the hospital owes its marvelous 
success. He is widely known as a skill- 
ful and successful physician and surgeon. 
While a student at the University of 
Pennsylvania, Dr. Schaeffer was one of 
the founders of the Agnew Society and is 
now a member of the Lehigh County 
Medical Society ; the Lehigh Valley Med- 

1705 



ical Society; the Medical Society of Penn- 
sylvania; the Mississippi Valley Medical 
Society; the American Medical Associa- 
tion, and the Roentgen Ray Society; and 
a member of the College of Surgeons of 
America. Fraternally he is a member of 
the Jordan Lodge, F. & A. M., and the 
Elks. He is the medical examiner for the 
following life insurance companies : Penn 
Mutual, Great Northwestern, National 
Life, New England Mutual, Scranton 
Life, Fidelity, of Philadelphia, and the 
Pittsburgh Mutual Life, Provident Life 
and Trust Company. 

On October 5, 1885, Dr. Schaeffer was 
married to Clara Smith, daughter of 
Benneville and Feilana (Weorley) Smith, 
of Smithville, Lehigh county. Dr. Schaef- 
fer and wife are prominently identified 
with Salem Reformed Church, of Allen- 
town, which he served as elder and mem- 
ber of the chapel building committee. 
Mrs. Schaeffer takes an active interest in 
the various activities of the church. 



WEAVER, Henry Augustus, 

Man of Enterprise, Mayor of Pittsburgh. 

The mayoralty of Pittsburgh has in the 
great majority of instances been held by 
men who were in all respects worthy of 
the important trust to which they were 
called. None, however, more strikingly 
proved their eminent fitness for the dis- 
charge of its responsible duties than did 
the late Henry Augustus Weaver, who 
for the space of three years served with 
ability and honor as chief executive of 
the metropolis of Pennsylvania. In addi- 
tion to filling for a long period a conspic- 
uous place in the political world, Mr. 
Weaver was for many years a leading 
business man of the Iron City, and was 
prominently identified with the promo- 
tion of her most essential interests. 

The Weaver family is of ancient origin 
and the escutcheon of the Pennsylvania 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



branch is: Arms: Quarterly first and 
fourth azure a sinister arm or, holding 
in the hand the point of a lance proper, 
second and third or, an oak tree proper. 
Crest : A sinister arm or, cuffed gules, 
holding in the hand proper an olive 
branch vert. Motto: Esto fidelis. 

Henry Weaver, great-grandfather of 
Henry Augustus Weaver, and the first 
American ancestor of record, was prob- 
ably a member of one of the numerous 
families of the name who came from 
Switzerland in 1680 and settled near 
Churchtown, Lancaster county, Pennsyl- 
vania, planting a colony called Weaver 
Land, or "Weber's Thai." 

(II) Henry (2), son of Henry (i) 
Weaver, was born on his father's farm in 
Weaver Land, February 22, 1732, the 
same day and year that witnessed the 
birth of George Washington. Henry 
Weaver the second became in the course 
of time possessed of great wealth, or 
what was esteemed such at that early 
period, and during the Revolutionary 
War gave proof of his patriotism by fur- 
nishing provender to the army of Gen- 
eral Washington at Brandywine ard Val- 
ley Forge. From time to time he received 
from the government on account some 
Continental money, but at the close of 
war the debt amounted to $140,000. This 
was never paid, because the vouchers had 
been lost and could not be duplicated. 
The Continental money which he had 
already received had become worthless 
and thus the important aid rendered by 
this noble man in the darkest hour of his 
country's need remained always without 
compensation. Henry Weaver married, 
in 1771, near Benders Church, Cumber- 
land township, York county, Elizabeth, 
born in October, 1752, near Benders, 
daughter of John Smith, a notable man 
in the colonial wars, who in 1754 was 
captured by the Indians on Sideling Hill, 
Bedford county, Pennsylvania, and taken 



to Fort Duquesne. James Smith, brother 
of John Smith, was one of the signers of 
the Declaration of Independence. Henry 
Weaver and his wife were the parents of 
the following children: Barbara, who 
remembered hearing the guns at the bat- 
tle of Brandywine; Henry Augustus; 
Jacob ; John ; George ; David ; Samuel ; 
Joseph; Benjamin, mentioned below; 
Peter; and Elizabeth. Henry Weaver 
died August 3, 1807, at Gettysburg, Penn- 
sylvania. He was a man of more than 
ordinary intellectual powers and his 
moral standing was above reproach. His 
widow survived him many years, passing 
away November 3, 1830, at Freeport, 
Pennsylvania. 

(Ill) Benjamin, son of Henry (2) and 
Elizabeth (Smith) Weaver, was born 
September 24, 1793, in Adams county, 
Pennsylvania, and was fourteen years old 
when death deprived him of his father. 
In 1810 he went with his mother to Free- 
port, Pennsylvania, and for one year was 
employed in the store of his brother 
Jacob. In 1812-13 he was associated with 
his brother-in-law. Christian Stouffer, and 
in 181 5 he came to Pittsburgh at the re- 
quest of John Means, owner of the Spread 
Eagle Tavern on Liberty street, now the 
site of the Seventh Avenue Hotel. John 
Means was related by marriage to Henry 
Augustus W'eaver, brother of Benjamin, 
and after spending some time in Pitts- 
burgh the latter returned to Freeport, 
where he took charge of the distillery of 
his brother Henry Augustus. Benjamin 
Weaver later purchased property in New 
Salem, Westmoreland county, Pennsyl- 
vania, and fitted it for a hotel, moving 
thither in the autumn of 1820. He be- 
came, in association with General More- 
head, owner of the stage line running 
from Blairsville to Pittsburgh. After con- 
ducting for nearly ten years a profitable 
business at New Salem, Mr. Weaver sold 
the property to James Clow, of Pitts- 
706 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



burgh, and on April i, 1830, removed to 
that city which was destined to be his 
home for many years. In 1831 he became 
proprietor of the celebrated old Alansion 
House, on the corner of Wood street and 
Fifth avenue, and conducted it success- 
fully until 1839. In 1840 he was nomi- 
nated by the Whigs for sheriff of Alle- 
gheny county, the Democratic candidate 
being Colonel Elijah Troville, and was 
elected by a majority of six hundred and 
twenty-eight. At the close of his term he 
purchased the Pittsburgh Hotel, on the 
corner of Wood street and Third avenue, 
m,oving there March 17, 1845. On April 
10, of the same year occurred the "great 
fire," and in that conflagration the hotel 
was totally destroyed. In the spring of 
1847 ^Ii"- Weaver opened a new hotel — 
the Merchants' Hotel — at the corner of 
Smithfield street and Third avenue, and 
later met with an accident by which his 
thigh was broken and he was forced to 
relinquish all active business. In 1857 
he went to Durant, Iowa, where his son 
Joseph lived, and there made his home 
for the remainder of his life. 

Mr. Weaver married, in June, 1819, 
Nancy, daughter of Frederick and Bar- 
bara (Eicher) Shaffer, the former a 
farmer in the vicinity of Freeport, and 
their children were : Henry Augustus, 
mentioned below ; Jacob, born June 22, 
1821, died August 25, 1870; Barbara Ann, 
born August 28, 1822, married Captain 
David Holmes in 1841 ; Joseph, born Jan- 
uary I, 1824, died December 31, 1904; Ben- 
jamin, born May 25, 1825, died in Pitts- 
burgh, September 23, 185 1 ; Elizabeth, 
born November 18, 1828, died in 1903 ; 
Nancy, born August 2.-i^. 1829, died 1836; 
John B., born August 17, 1830, died Oc- 
tober 22, 1878; Mary, born October 18, 
1832, died October 18, 1833 ; and Samuel 
C, born August i, 1834, died May 27, 
1885. The mother of these children died 
in May, 1847, and the father passed away. 



September 14, 1861, at Durant, Iowa. He 
was a just, honorable and truly benevo- 
lent man, beloved by a large circle of 
friends and respected by the entire com- 
munity. 

(I\') Henry Augustus, son of Benja- 
min and Xancy (Shaffer) Weaver, was 
born April i, 1820, at Freeport, Arm- 
strong county, Pennsylvania, and was but 
a few months old when his parents moved 
to New Salem. On his tenth birthday the 
family went to Pittsburgh, and in 1838 
the youth began his business career in 
the retail dry goods store of Edward 
Isett, at the southeast corner of Fourth 
avenue and Market street. The following 
year he entered the wholesale dry goods 
establishment of Waterman Palmer, on 
Wood street, and it was here that his 
talents and preferences first distinctly 
asserted themselves, for when his father 
was elected sheriff of Allegheny county 
and desired his son to assist him as clerk, 
the latter declined, saying that he pre- 
ferred business pursuits. 

In 1 841 Mr. Weaver and his brother 
Jacob bought out the canal boat business 
of Frank Sellers, on the corner of Tenth 
street and Exchange alley, and estab- 
lished themselves under the firm name 
of Henry A. & Jacob Weaver, junior, fur- 
nishers of supplies to canal boats. They 
conducted a profitable business until 
1847, when the partnership was dissolved, 
Jacob opening a wholesale store on the 
corner of First avenue and Market street. 
Henry Augustus conducted the original 
establishment alone until 1852, when he 
disposed of the concern and for the next 
two years took a much needed rest, relin- 
quishing for the time being, all business 
cares and responsibilities. In 1854 he 
took charge of the Pittsburgh interests of 
the Ohio and Madison Coal Company, as 
the representative of Captain David 
White, of Madison, Indiana. Captain 
White was a very wealthy man, owning 
707 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the coal works at Whiteville, on the 
Monongahela river and also two steam- 
boats for towing coal from Pittsburgh to 
Madison. The responsibilities of Mr. 
Weaver were very great, but he was fully 
equal to them and found actual pleasure 
in the solution of the many complicated 
problems constantly submitted for his 
consideration. The enterprise was, how- 
ever, overtaken by unforseen disaster. 
Captain White was an extensive pork 
packer at Madison and during the Cri- 
mean war had a contract with the agent 
of the Turkish government to supply a 
large quantity of pork and deliver it in 
Boston by December i, 1855. There be- 
ing no railroad along the Ohio river the 
pork was shipped in seven steamboats 
which were all frozen in at a place called 
Ravenswood. Captain White was thus 
unable to fulfill his contract, and pork de- 
clining, the Turkish government refused 
to take it off his hands. In the financial 
embarrassment which ensued Mr. Weav- 
er was instructed to close the business 
which he did with such ability that in 
after years, when Captain White again 
became a wealthy man, he expres >ed, by 
a munificent gift, his appreciation of this 
most valuable service. 

In early manhood Mr. Weaver entered 
politics and in 1855 he was elected a mem- 
ber of the select council from the then 
Seventh ward of Pittsburgh. In the presi- 
dential campaign of 1856 he was a very 
active worker for Fremont, serving as sec- 
retary of the county committee. In recog- 
nition of his services he was nominated 
for mayor of Pittsburgh, January 13, 1857, 
and was elected in opposition to both the 
Democratic and Native American candi- 
dates by a majority of 483. He was unan- 
imously nominated by the Republicans 
for a second term, and was re-elected by 
a majority of 1485, Christopher Magee be- 
ing the Democratic candidate. Mr. 
Weaver's administration has long since 



passed into history, its record forming 
some of the brightest pages in the politi- 
cal annals of Pittsburgh. His terms were 
filled with many acts which redounded 
to the good of the city, one of the most 
important being the Pittsburgh Centen- 
nial, November 25, 1858, all Western 
Pennsylvania and Eastern Ohio uniting 
with the metropolis to insure the brilliant 
success of the occasion. 

In February, i860, Mr. Weaver retired 
from office and returned to the world of 
business, taking charge of the clerical 
department of an oil refinery. He was 
associated with his brothers-in-law, Rob- 
ert Arthurs and Dr. Biddle Arthurs, their 
refinery being among those early estab- 
lished in the neighborhood of Pittsburgh. 
In the conduct of the business Mr. 
Weaver's spirit of enterprise was con- 
spicuously displayed. Having a large 
stock of oil on hand and the market being 
dull he shipped oil to Chicago with most 
successful results. 

In the presidential campaign of i860 
Mr. Weaver was one of the Republican 
delegates for Allegheny county to the 
Chicago convention and there voted for 
Lincoln. Later he went to Springfield, 
Illinois, where he became acquainted 
with the future president and his family. 
Mr. W^eaver was elected president of the 
Allegheny county Republican committee 
of this period. At the outbreak of the 
Civil W^ar he was appointed by Governor 
Curtin commissary of the two state 
camps in Western Pennsylvania, Camp 
Wilkins and Camp Wright, being invest- 
ed with the rank of major. After the 
state troops were mustered from these 
camps into the United States service Mr. 
Weaver went to Washington and was 
appointed United States Commissary, 
with the rank of major, being assigned 
to General McCall's division of the Penn- 
sylvania Reserves. In September, 1862, 
he became a United States Assessor of 
708 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Internal Revenue, being the first to re- 
ceive this appointment from President 
Lincoln. This office Mr. Weaver held 
until June, 1869, when he resigned. 

The same year he was elected president 
of the Monongahela Savings Bank, and 
was also chosen a director in the Manu- 
facturers' and Merchants' Insurance Com- 
pany. In 1870 he became a director in 
the Odd Fellows' Savings Bank and the 
Merchants' Bank. In 1871 the Honorable 
James H. Hopkins and Alexander Tindall 
procured a charter for the Union Insur- 
ance Company of Pittsburgh and Mr. 
Weaver was chosen one of its directors, 
and in 1872, when the Monongahela In- 
cline Plane was chartered, he became a 
director in association with William H. 
Lyon, James M. Bailey and others. On 
October 16, 1874, he was elected a trus- 
tee in the Dollar Savings Bank, and this 
position he held to the close of his life. 

In all that concerned the welfare of 
Pittsburgh Mr. Weaver ever manifested 
a keen and helpful interest and all chari- 
table and religious enterprises found in 
him an earnest advocate and supporter. 
He was a member of the Pittsburgh 
Chamber of Commerce and one of the 
first life members of the Exposition So- 
ciety. In 1857 he was initiated in Wash- 
ington Lodge, of Pittsburgh, and in 1858 
was Worshipful Master. In 1850 he as- 
sisted in the organization of St. Peter's 
Protestant Episcopal Church and remain- 
ed to the close of his life an active mem- 
ber, zealously cooperating in its work and 
aiding in its maintenance. 

In the face of Mr. Weaver the keen- 
ness of the trained observer and the ag- 
gressive decision of the man of action 
were blended with depth of thought and 
kindliness of nature. The clear-cut, in- 
cisive features, accentuated by flowing 
whiskers touched with silver, spoke of re- 
finement and culture and the look of the 
dark eyes was that of strength of char- 



acter, indomitable determintaion and 
withal a large benevolence. It is easy to 
understand, in scanning his countenance, 
why he was, pre-eminently, a man of 
many friends. With a vigorous and lumi- 
nous intellect and inexhaustible energy 
he combined rarely endearing personal 
qualities. He was one of the men who 
take possession of the public heart and 
hold it not only while they remain with 
us but after they have ceased from earth. 

Mr. Weaver was married by Rev. He- 
min Dyer, pastor of St. Paul's Protestant 
Episcopal Church, of Laceyville, Penn- 
sylvania, February 9, 1843, to Elizabeth, 
daughter of Colonel William and Maria 
(Martin) Arthurs and sister of Robert 
Arthurs, president of the Fifth National 
Bank of Pittsburgh. Colonel William 
Arthurs was born at Carlisle, Pennsyl- 
vania, and when very young came to 
Pittsburgh with his brothers and sisters. 
To his own unaided energy and ability 
he owed the accumulation of a large for- 
tune. He was a public-spirited citizen, 
active in promoting the welfare of his 
community. In 1816 he was invested 
with the rank of colonel, in 1840 he serv- 
ed as county commissioner and in later 
years he was known as Squire Arthurs, 
being justice of the peace for Pitt town- 
ship. Mr. and Mrs. Weaver were the 
parents of children : Annie, who be- 
came the wife of James Lee Marshall, 
whose biography appears elsewhere in 
this work; Jane, Emma and Lide, wife of 
William Wayne Vodges, of Philadelphia, 
she died March 8, 1872. In his domestic 
relations Mr. Weaver was peculiarly 
happy. He was a man to whom the ties 
of home and friendship were sacred and 
he had no greater pleasure than render- 
ing service to those he loved. 

Active to the end, Mr. Weaver, during 
the latter years of his life, was engaged 
in business with his son-in-law, James 
Lee Marshall, under the firm name of 



1709 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Henry A. Weaver & Company, dealers in 
real estate and mortgages. On Septem- 
ber 21, 1890, he passed away, leaving a 
record w^hich remains as an inspiration to 
his successors, the record of an honorable 
business man, an incorruptible public 
official and a man admirable in all the 
relations of private life. 

In days like these, when betrayal of 
public trust is all too frequent, it is re- 
freshing to recall the history of men who 
emerged from the fiery ordeal of political 
office with clean hands and unstained 
honor. Such a man was Henry Augustus 
Weaver, Mayor of Pittsburgh. 



BEATTY, Hamilton Kelly, 

Physician. Sanitarist. 

In the medical history of Pittsburgh 
during the last thirty-five years one figure 
stands out with peculiar impressiveness. 
It is that of the late Dr. Hamilton Kelly 
Beatty, superintendent of the Bureau of 
Sanitation in the Department of Health, 
and long a recognized authority and an 
acknowledged power in the vitally im- 
portant cause he so ably represented. 
Dr. Beatty was for a third of a century 
a resident of Pittsburgh and was number- 
ed among her sterling citizens. 

Hamilton Kelly Beatty was born April 
12, 1848, near Kittanning, Pennsylvania, 
and was a son of William W. and Jane 
(Patterson) Beatty. William W. Beatty 
was engaged in the lumber business and 
both he and his wife belonged to pioneer 
families of the county. Hamilton Kelly 
Beatty received his preparatory education 
in the public schools of the neighborhood, 
afterward graduating from Westminster 
College, New Wilmington, Pennsylvania. 
At the age of fifteen, the Civil War being 
then in progress, he enlisted in the Nine- 
ty-seventh Regiment, Pennsylvania Vol- 
unteer Infantry, serving two years and 
three months, his creditable record being 



indicated by the fact that he was mus- 
tered out as a brevet second lieutenant. 

On his return to civil life, the young 
soldier decided to devote himself to the 
profession of medicine, and accordingly 
entered Jefferson Medical College, Phila- 
delphia, graduating in due time with the 
degree of Doctor of Medicine. He im- 
mediately began practice in Kittanning, 
meeting with a fair measure of success. 
In 1878 he moved to Parnassus, where 
he practiced for two years. In 1880 Dr. 
Beatty removed to Allegheny, now the 
North Side, Pittsburgh, and speedily 
came into professional prominence, serv- 
ing on the initial staff of the Allegheny 
General Hospital, and was appointed by 
Mayor Charles F. Kirschler superintend- 
ent of the Health Department. Dr. Beatty 
thoroughly reorganized the department, 
giving special attention to the Bureau of 
Sanitation. Such was his success that, 
after the consolidation of the two cities, 
he was made superintendent of the Bu- 
reau of Sanitation. No man could have 
been better fitted for the position either in 
scientific knowledge or in enthusiasm for 
the cause. Always a vigorous fighter 
against unsanitary conditions, he was in- 
tensely progressive, keeping constantly 
abreast of modern thought and by his 
well directed vigilance conferring incal- 
culable benefit on the city he served. 

For many years Dr. Beatty served on 
the Government Pension Board. He was 
an active member of Abe Patterson Post, 
No. 88, Grand Army of the Republic ; a 
thirty-second degree Mason and affiliated 
with Pittsburgh Commandery No. i. 
Knights Templar, and with the Order of 
the Mystic Shrine. He also belonged to 
the Royal Arcanum. For fifteen years 
he was a trustee of the Western Theo- 
logical Seminary, and he held the office of 
elder in the First Presbyterian Church of 
Pittsburgh. 

With strong intellectual endowments 
710 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Dr. Beatty combined quick perceptions 
and a keen insight into character. He 
was enthusiastic in his efforts to elevate 
the standards of the medical profession, 
especially in regard to sanitation. An 
ideal progressive physician, he was also 
endowed with business talents of no com- 
mon order, holding the positions of vice- 
president and director in the Pittsburgh 
Brass Manufacturing Company. His 
personal appearance was striking. His 
open, manly countenance, his well mould- 
ed features accentuated by white beard 
and whiskers, his noble head crowned 
with snowy hair and his keen yet 
thoughtful blue eyes all gave assurance 
of a man of purpose. The geniality of 
his nature was reflected in his face and 
spoke in his cordial manner. Loved and 
venerated by all classes of the commu- 
nity, he was one of the men who take 
possession of the public heart and hold it 
after they have gone. 

Dr. Beatty married, September 28, 
1870, Isabelle, daughter of Archibald and 
Jane (Smith) Robinson, and they betame 
the parents of one son, Albert Robinson, 
who died several years before his father. 
Dr. Beatty was a man of strong domes- 
tic tastes and affections and found in his 
wife, a woman of charming personality, 
a true and sympathizing helpmate. His 
happiest hours were passed at his own 
fireside, where he delighted to gather 
about him a circle of congenial friends. 

The death of Dr. Beatty, which occur- 
red October 6, 1913, deprived Pittsburgh 
of a man eminently fitted for the respon- 
sible position which he had so long and 
so ably filled, his labors resulting in a 
rich harvest of blessing to the community. 
It was felt by all that not only the medi- 
cal profession but the city at large had 
sustained a well-nigh irreparable loss. 

The branch of medical science to which 
Dr. Beatty devoted so many years of his 
life is one which underlies the very foun- 

PEN-17 171 



dations of the public welfare. Ihe men 
who labor for its advancement are work- 
ing for the relief and uplifting of human- 
ity. To one of these benefactors of man- 
kind Pittsburgh owes an incalculable 
debt of gratitude — to the noble physician 
and true philanthropist. Dr. Hamilton 
Kelly Beatty. 



SCULLY, John Sullivan, 

Financier, Man of Affairs. 

The late John Sullivan Scully was one 
of the comparatively few men who com- 
bine with sagacity and acumen in busi- 
ness and finance commanding talent as 
an organizer. For more than half his 
life Mr. Scully was a resident of Pitts- 
burgh, and within the period of his public 
activities assisted very influentially in the 
founding of several financial institutions 
and commercial corporations. 

John Sullivan Scully, grandfather of 
John Sullivan Scully, of Pittsburgh, was 
born in County Cork, Ireland, and in 1803 
came to the United States, settling in 
Chartiers township, Allegheny county, 
Pennsylvania, where he acquired one 
thousand acres and became a man of 
prominence in the community. For thirty 
years he served as justice of the peace. 
Mr. Scully died in 1837, at the age of 
seventy. 

Cornelius, son of John Sullivan Scully, 
was born December 7, 1817, in Chartiers 
township, Allegheny county, Pennsyl- 
vania, and passed his life as a farmer in 
his native county. He married, in 1840, 
Matilda, daughter of Samuel and Isabel 
(Lawson) Duff, of the same neighbor- 
hood. Mr. Scully was a Democrat, and 
filled a number of minor offices, among 
them that of school director. He died in 
October, 1896. 

John Sullivan, son of Cornelius and 
Matilda (Duff) Scully, was born August 
14, 1844, at Scully's Springs, Chartiers 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



township, Allegheny county, Pennsyl- 
vania, and received his primary education 
in the public schools of the neighborhood, 
afterward attending Curry College. After 
taking charge for one term, of a country 
school, at the age of seventeen he came 
to Pittsburgh and obtained a position as 
clerk in the old Pittsburgh Trust Com- 
pany, of which his cousin, John D. Scully, 
was cashier. This was the beginning of 
a career of more than ordinary distinc- 
tion. It soon became evident that Mr. 
Scully possessed talents as a financier, 
and he himself seems to have felt that 
he had found the field best suited to him 
for he remained with the institution, 
which later became the First National 
Bank of Pittsburgh, until 1869, when he 
associated himself with the Mechanics' 
National Bank. In 1871 he became cash- 
ier of the Diamond Savings Bank, which 
he had helped to organize, and which later 
he assisted in reorganizing as the Dia- 
mond National Bank. He was cashier 
of the latter institution, later becoming 
vice-president and finally president. For 
many years he was conspicuously and 
honorably identified with the banking in- 
terests of Pittsburgh. 

But it was not only financial institu- 
tions of which Mr. Scully was the 
founder. He helped to organize the First 
Pool Monongahela Gas Coal Company, 
afterward absorbed by the Pittsburgh 
Coal Company, and he also assisted in the 
organization of the West Side Belt Rail- 
road Company, now owned by the Wa- 
bash. Before the transfer Mr. Scully was 
president and director of the West Side 
Belt Line. At the time of his death he 
was a director in the Columbian Na- 
tional Life Insurance Company of Bos- 
ton, the Kansas National Gas Company, 
the Pittsburgh Oil and Gas Company and 
the Adirondack Electric Power Company. 

In politics Mr. Scully was a Republi- 
can, taking the most intense interest in 

17 



everything which he deemed calculated 
to further public progress and giving 
special attention to the matter of good 
roads. When a bill which promised to 
provide these for Pennsylvania was be- 
fore the legislature Mr. Scully did much 
to insure its passage. He served on the 
board of the Homoeopathic Hospital and 
was a member of the executive commit- 
tee of the Young Women's Christian As- 
sociation of Washington, District of Co- 
lumbia. He affiliated with Franklin 
Lodge, No. 321, Free and Accepted 
Masons, and belonged to the Duquesne 
Club. From young manhood he was an 
active church member and after going to 
Washington became a member of the 
Church of the Covenant of that city. 

A keen forceful and most kindly face 
was that of John Sullivan Scully, the face 
of a man of great tenacity of purpose, 
but always having at heart the best inter- 
ests of those with whom he was asso- 
ciated and the welfare of his city and his 
state. Possessed of generous impulses 
and a chivalrous sense of honor he was 
implicitly trusted and greatly beloved. 
His word was never doubted, and his 
name was a synonym for honorable deal- 
ing. 

Mr. Scully married, September 12, 1871, 
Mary Elizabeth, daughter of Felix and 
Margaret (Dickson) Negley, of Pitts- 
burgh, ^Ir. Negley being a representa- 
tive of an old family of that city. 
Mr. and Mrs. Scully were the parents of 
the following children: i. John Sullivan, 
born October 23, 1873, orchardist of 
Stevensville, Montana, married Mary, 
daughter of Thomas J. and Martha (Hast- 
ings) Gillespie, and has three children: 
John Sullivan, Jane Hastings and 
Thomas Gillespie. 2. Cornelius Decatur, 
a biography of whom follows in this 
work. 3. Margaret, wife of Henry B. 
Zimmele, of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, 
who died July 9, 1906 ; they had one child, 
12 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Marriet M. 4. Mary Elizabeth, wife of 
Paul Killian, lawyer of Pittsburgh, they 
are the parents of one child, Mary Eliza- 
beth. Mr. Scully was a man thoroughly 
domestic, home-loving and devoted to his 
family, and for forty-three years his home 
was the abode of happiness and hospital- 
ity. 

In 1903 Mr. Scully disposed of his 
Pittsburgh interests and removed to 
Washington, D. C, where he made his 
home during the remainder of his life. 
On October 4, 1914, he passed away, 
sincerely mourned in the city of which 
he was then a resident and in the metrop- 
olis which was, for so many years, the 
centre of his interests and the home of 
his heart. Mr. Scully left the stamp of 
his individuality upon the institutions 
which he helped to fovnid and, through 
them, on the business world of Pitts- 
burgh — the individuality of a large- 
hearted, high-minded man of affairs. 
Would that our city had more of the 
same type ! 



SCULLY, Cornelius Decatur, 

Iia-w-yer, Enterprising Citizen. 

Cornelius Decatur Scully, of the well 
known law firm of Mehard, Scully and 
Mehard, has made for himself an assured 
and honorable position as a member of 
the Pittsburgh bar. Mr. Scully, in addi- 
tion to his reputation as a lawyer, is also 
known as a talented business man and is 
prominently identified with the leading 
interests of his home city. 

Cornelius Decatur Scully was born No- 
vember 30, 1878, at Wind Gap, Chartiers 
township, Allegheny county, Pennsyl- 
vania, and is a son of the late John Sul- 
livan and Mary Elizabeth (Negley) 
Scully. A biography of Mr. Scully, with 
ancestral record, appears on a preceding 
page in this work. Cornelius Decatur 
Scully received his preparatory education 

i: 



in schools of his birthplace and of Pitts- 
burgh, attending the Pittsburgh High 
School. He then entered the University 
of Pennsylvania, graduating in 1901 with 
the degree of Bachelor of Science. His 
professional training was received in the 
Pittsburgh Law School, which conferred 
upon him in 1904 the degree of Bachelor 
of Laws. In 1904 he was admitted to the 
bar of Allegheny county. 

On entering upon the practice of his 
profession Mr. Scully became a member 
of the firm of Lee and Mackey, his part- 
ners being James W. Lee and Eugene 
Mackey. The connection was maintained 
until the death of Mr. Lee, in 1908, when 
the firm was reorganized as Mackey & 
Scully, the partnership continuing until 
1910. Mr. Scully then practiced alone 
for two years, and in 1912 became a mem- 
ber of the firm of Mehard, Scully and Me- 
hard. From the beginning of his career 
his fitness for his chosen profession was 
distinctly manifest and early marked him 
as one of the coming lawyers of Pitts- 
burgh. 

In public afifairs Mr. Scully has always 
taken an active interest. Politically he is 
an Independent, and in 1910 was one of 
the organizers of the Keystone party, and 
once its candidate for State Treasurer. 
The Supreme Court, however, decreed 
there was no vacancy. He is a director 
of the Ouapaw Gas Company, the Wich- 
ita Gas Company and the United States 
Coal Company, and secretary of the 
American Roller Bearing Company and 
other concerns. He affiliates with Mc- 
Candless Lodge, No. 390, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, belongs to the Duquesne 
and University Clubs and the Kappa 
Sigma fraternity, and is a member of 
Calvary Protestant Episcopal Church. 

No one who is brought into contact 
with Mr. Scully, however slightly or for 
however short a time, can fail to be im- 
pressed with the fact that he is emphat- 
13 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ically a man of the present, keeping con- 
stantly abreast of the latest thought in 
all that pertains to his profession and 
always in the van in regard to matters of 
general concern. His eye, his voice and 
his step are all those of an aggressive 
and purposeful man in whose atmosphere 
stagnation and retrogression are alike im- 
possible, who is a warm friend and who 
has in him the elements of an inspiring 
leader. 

Mr. Scully married, June lo, 1905, 
Rosalie, daughter of Dudley D. and Helen 
(Boteler) Pendleton, of Shepherdstown, 
West Virginia, Mr. Pendleton being a 
representative of a distinguished Virginia 
family. Mr. and Mrs. Scully are -the par- 
ents of the following children : Alice 
Pendleton ; Elizabeth Negley ; Cornelius 
Decatur, born May 19, 1910; and John 
Pendleton, born May 2^, 1914. Mrs. 
Scully, who is a woman of intellectual 
force and most attractive personality, is a 
suffragist and a member of various clubs, 
including the College Club. Both she and 
her husband are essentially domestic and 
thoroughly devoted to the ties of family 
and friendship. 

In the comparatively few years of his 
practice at the bar Mr. Scully has achiev- 
ed much, but the greater part of his 
career is yet to come and everything indi- 
cates that the brightest pages of his 
record are to be written in the future. 



STEWART, Reuel, M. D. 

Physician, Honored Citizen. 

Now in his eighty-sixth year and re- 
tired from the profession he graced for so 
long. Dr. Stewart reviews a long and suc- 
cessful life with the satisfaction of a man 
who has gained eminence in his profes- 
sion and the solid regard of his fellow 
men. He descends from a line of distin- 
guished ancestors whose virtues he emu- 
lated, and in turn has transmitted to chil- 



dren, grandchildren, and great-grandchil- 
dren the heritage of an unsullied name 
and unblemished honor. 

In lineal descent he traces to William 
Stewart, a Scotch-Irish gentleman, a de- 
scendant of the Earl of Bute, and to John 
Colver, born in 1640, whose son John 
married Sarah Winthrop, whose son, 
John Colver, married Mary Winthrop, a 
daughter of Governor John Winthrop, of 
Connecticut, and granddaughter of Gov- 
ernor John Winthrop, who came to the 
Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630 and 
v.as for many years their ruler, adviser 
and historian. To this distinguished Pil- 
grim ancestry, with collateral lines of 
scarcely less importance, the children of 
Dr. Stewart add that of their wonderful 
mother, Rebecca Egge, born in 1831, and 
yet most capable and energetic. She is a 
descendant of the Achey (De Achey) 
family, belonging to the nobility of 
France, in v/hose line there was a Count 
de Achey. During the religious persecu- 
tions or other uprising in France, the 
De Achey family left that country and 
went to Germany, where the "De" was 
dropped, and Achey became the family 
name. From Germany they came to 
America, where "Egge" was finally 
evolved from Achey. The family bore 
arms: "Gules, two battle axes, addorsed 
or." Motto: Jamais las d'acher. Cath- 
erine Elizabeth, daughter of Dr. Stew- 
art, married William Brewster Wood, 
of equally distinguished ancestry, and 
through him their daughter, Constance, 
adds to her Winthrop and allied lines 
direct descent from one of the "May- 
flower" Pilgrims, "Elder" William Brew- 
ster. 

The .Stewart descent from the Earl of 
Bute begins in America with William 
Stewart, who with brothers, Archibald 
and James, came from Ballantoy, County 
Antrim, Ireland, settling in Warren 
county. New Jersey, at Hackettstown. 
14 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Archibald and James seem to have de- 
voted themselves to public official life, 
and figure prominently in the history of 
that day as patriotic citizens, while Wil- 
liam, no less patriotic, was more faithful 
to the church. All served the First Pres- 
byterian Church of Hackettstown, but 
none so long and devotedly as William. 
Archibald, born in 1737, died January 14, 
1815, was president of the first board of 
trustees of that church, was a member of 
the convention that met to elect delegates 
to the Continental Congress, was a mem- 
ber of the Committees of Safety and Cor- 
respondence, and was a delegate to the 
Provincial Congress, appointed to hll a 
vacancy. The line of descent to Dr. Reuel 
?tewart is through W^illiam. 

William Stewart, born in P.allanto}-, 
County Antrim, Ireland, in 1739, died at 
Hackettstown, New Jersey, February 17, 
1810. The brothers. Archibald, James 
and William, came to America together, 
and seem to have been men in years, well 
educated, and possessed of ample means. 
all becoming- very large land owners. 
William Stewart was one of the founders 
of the First Presbyterian Church of 
Hackettstown, and was one of its strong- 
est pillars of support. He was for thirty- 
two years ruling elder of the church, and 
when no minister was obtainable he 
preached and taught as a lay minister. 
All the early Stewarts and their families 
are buried in the graveyard belonging to 
the church, and on the seven foot marble 
slab covering William Stewart is this in- 
scription : 

Sacred to the memory of William Stewart who 
departed this life February 17, 1810, in the J2 
year of his age. For 32 years he was a ruling 
elder in the church, highly reverenced and 
esteemed by all its members for his edifying life 
and conversation. And his care in instructing 
the youth of the congregation while destitute of 
a pastor will long be remembered by the friends 
of Zion. With truth it may be said: Here lies 
the affectionate husband, the kind father, the 
devout Christian. 



In God's own arms he left the breath 
That God's own spirit gave, 
His was the noblest road to death, 
And his the sweetest grave. 

Near him are his two wives, Frances 
and Bethany. Frances, the first wife, 
bore him sons, and these sons — John, 
James and Samuel — are the ancestors of 
all the Stewarts of that section of New 
Jersey. 

James Stewart, son of William and 
Frances Stewart, was born in 1772, at 
Hackettstown, New Jersey, died there De- 
cember 15, 1834, and is buried in the old 
First Presbyterian Church graveyard. He 
married Elizabeth Colver, "who departed 
this life March 22, 1826, in the 51st year 
of her age." She was a lineal descendant 
of the Pilgrim Winthrops, governors of 
Massachusetts and Connecticut, father 
and son, John (ij and John (2). (See 
Colver line). 

Dr. Thomas Page Stewart, son of James 
and Elizabeth (Colver) Stewart, was born 
at Hackettstown, New Jersey, June 7, 
1798, died there October 26, 1S46, his 
death resulting from an accidental fall 
from his buggy, his horse becoming 
frightened. After completing his class- 
ical education he studied medicine under 
the preceptorship of Dr. Reuel Hampton, 
and so well did he prepare himself, in the 
opinion of his instructor, that when he 
was awarded his degree of Doctor of 
Medicine, Dr. Hampton admitted him in 
1820 to a partnership. The two men be- 
came fast friends, practiced many years 
together, and vv'hen finally the older man 
was "gathered to his fathers," his mantle 
fell on Dr. Stewart, who continued prac- 
tice in Hackettstown until his death 
which came while he was engaged in the 
discharge of professional duty. He was 
one of the founders of the Warren County 
Medical Society, also was a member of 
the New Jersey State Medical Society, 
and in 1840 was elected its president, the 
first Warren county physician to enjoy 

715 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



that honor. "He was an elder in the First 
Presbyterian Church, pious and devoted 
to the cause of Christ, a true friend, hos- 
pitable, kindly hearted, charitable and sin- 
cere." Dr. Thomas Page Stewart mar- 
ried Susanna Beavers (see Beavers), who 
bore him : Archibald, died in youth ; 
Hampton, died in infancy ; Reuel, of fur- 
ther mention ; Robert, died in youth ; 
Catherine, died in youth ; James Townley, 
a veteran of the civil war, yet living. 

Dr. Reuel Stewart, son of Dr. Thomas 
Page and Susanna (Beavers) Stewart, 
was born at Hackettstown, May 7, 1829, 
and now, in his eighty-seventh year, after 
an active professional life of over half a 
century, is living a quiet retired life at his 
Philadelphia home. No. 1840 Green street, 
and his country home at Meadowbrook. 
He was named after his father's lifelong 
friend and associate. Dr. Reuel Hampton, 
and the example of the two men he most 
reverenced no doubt led him into the pro- 
fession both honored. He obtained a good 
preparatory education in Hackettstown 
schools, then in 1847 entered Princeton 
College, whence he was graduated with 
honors, class of '50. He delivered the 
.senior oration, September 24, 1849. w^as 
a member of the college literary society, 
the Clio, and took an abounding interest 
in the life of his alma mater. After leav- 
ing Princeton he entered the medical de- 
department of the University of Pennsyl- 
vania, was graduated Doctor of Medicine, 
and at once began general practice in 
Philadelphia. He rose rapidly in public 
esteem, and as the years passed his prac- 
tice grew to large proportions. He spe- 
cialized in obstetrical practice, and had 
the largest practice of any physician in 
the city during the years he was physi- 
cally equal to every demand made upon 
him. His skill in obstetrical operations 
was everywhere acknowledged, and he 
was regarded by his professional brethren 
as a final authoritv on difficult, unusual 



cases. He gave freely of his strength and 
skill to suffering humanity, and it was not 
until he was nearing his eightieth year 
that the good doctor said "It is enough," 
and retired to a peaceful, contented old 
age with his flowers and his garden, 
where close by he can summon three gen- 
erations of his own blood, daughter, 
granddaughter, and great-granddaughter. 

He was made a Mason, February 28, 
1870, in Lodge No. 450, Philadelphia, but 
the exhausting duties of his profession 
prevented his taking active part in lodge 
work. He is a Republican in politics, and 
in religious faith adheres to the Presby- 
terian church, a denomination sacred to 
him as the "faith of his fathers" through 
all the years in America. He was elected 
elder when a young man, and has held 
that office continuously. He belonged to 
and was actively interested in the city. 
State, and national medical societies, and 
the Obstetrical Society of Philadelphia. 
Dr. Stewart's long life has been one of 
highest professional and private honor, 
during which he has gained the esteem 
and respect of a very large circle of 
friends and the loving devotion of thou- 
sands of sufiferers he has brought safely 
through their hours of disease and peril. 

He married Rebecca Egge. of French 
Huguenot descent, born May 14, 1831, 
daughter of John and Mary (Bush) Egge. 
She is a wonderfully well preserved lady, 
very active and energetic in both mind 
and body. Children : Thomas Page, died 
aged three years ; Catherine Elizabeth, 
married William Brewster Wood (q. v.) ; 
Sallie Blanche, married Henry Warner 
Lambirth, resides at Meadowbrook; Wil- 
lie, died in infancy ; Aline, died in infancy. 

Catherine Elizabeth, daughter of Dr. 
Reuel and Rebecca (Egge) Stewart, mar- 
ried (first) William Brewster Wood (q. 
v.). Their only daughter. Constance, 
married Allen Rhoads Evans, and has a 
daughter. Beatrice. Mrs. Wood married 
716 




^^^K^M:w^%^>:>M^?^^i^^H^S^^^^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(second) Otto Walther Kulling. The 
arms of the Kulling family is as follows : 
Argent, a chevron gules, between three 
birds vert. Crest : A bird vert. She is a 
lady of finest culture, a world wide trav- 
eler, converses in several languages, and 
is well informed on all national and inter- 
national topics of interest. 

It is through her interest in family his- 
tory that this record here appears. 



WOOD, William Brewster, 

Man of Scholarly Tastes. 

Amply blessed with this world's goods, 
Mr. Wood, with the exception of a few 
years spent as a member of the iron manu- 
facturing firm, Alan Wood & Company, 
passed a life of exemption from business 
cares. lie was very fond of studying man 
under home conditions, and when a young 
man made a trip around the world, pre- 
ferring to pass the years usually devoted 
to college in that manner. This love of 
travel was not "wanderlust," but had a 
scientific basis, and after his marriage he 
toured the world anew, residing for years 
in France. Italy, Germany, Holland, and 
visiting for briefer periods many other 
countries. He was a born student, but his 
plans were not those of university and 
college, reading and observation being his 
methods of acquiring learning. He was 
endowed with a marvelous memory, no 
fact of importance ever escaping him. He 
was a perfect type of the educated gentle- 
man, no trait belonging to good blood 
lacking in his make-up. He was also a 
general sportsman, good swimmer, fine 
shot, but being fond of animals he never 
hunted ; he was particularly fond of horses 
and rode daily, and later he took long 
motor trips, being among the first to pur- 
chase an automobile, but his love for 
horses was predominant. He came right- 
fully by his manly, upright character, the 
blood of many generations of sterling 

17 



New England families coursing his veins. 
He was a direct descendant of "Elder" 
William Brewster, of the "Mayflower." 
through his son Wrestling Brewster, his 
son John Brewster, his son John (2) 
Brewster, his son Samuel Brewster, his 
son Colonel William Brewster, his daugh- 
ter Eliza Brewster married Josiah Flagg, 
D. D. S., the first American-born dentist 
to practice, their son John Foster Brew- 
ster Flagg, D. D. S., his daughter Mary 
Jackson Flagg married Thomas Wood, 
father of William Brewster Wood. 

The Flagg family was a distinguished 
one, and was connected with many emi- 
nent New England families — Brewster, 
Waterman, Jackson, and others. A Flagg 
produced and conducted the first oratorio 
given by American singers in New Eng- 
land. Dr. Josiah Flagg was an eminent 
surgeon dentist, the first American bom 
practitioner of dentistry. John Foster 
Brewster Flagg, surgeon dentist, and a 
very remarkable man, was a cousin of Dr. 
Brewster, physician at the court of Na- 
poleon IH. It was through the request 
of Dr. Brewster, of Paris, that Dr. Evans 
was selected by Dr. Flagg and sent to 
Paris to introduce to the court American 
dental methods. There were at that time 
three branches of the Brewster family — 
the American branch, the Paris branch, 
and the English branch, headed by Sir 
David Brewster, the astronomer, whose 
only daughter was Constance. Dr. Brew- 
ster, of Paris, had a son who married a 
German woman of rank, and a daughter 
who married a Frenchman of high birth. 
Dr. John F. B. Flagg was a man of rare 
attainment and is credited with being the 
first man to use ether and chloroform in 
dental practice. He published in 1851 a 
"Work on Ether and Chloroform, their 
Employment in Surgery, Dentistry, Mid- 
wifery, Therapeutics, etc." 

The Flagg American ancestor was 
Thomas Flagg, who settled in Water- 

17 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



town, Massachusetts, in 1642. The line 
continues through his son, Lieutenant 
Gersham Flagg, of Woburn, Massachu- 
setts, and his wife, Hannah Leffingwell, 
their son, Ebenezer Flagg and his wife, 
Elizabeth Carter, their son, Josiah Flagg 
and his wife Mary Willis, their son, Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Josiah Flagg and his wife, 
Elizabeth Hawks, their son, Dr. Josiah 
Flagg, D. D. S., and Eliza Brewster, de- 
scendant of "Elder" William Brewster, 
their son, John Foster Brewster Flagg 
and his wife, Mary Waterman Jackson, 
of a noted Rhode Island family, their 
daughter, Mary Jackson Flagg and her 
husband, Thomas Wood. 

Thomas Wood was second son of Alan 
Wood and Ann Flunter Dewees, his wife, 
who was a daughter of Walters Devvces 
and Ann Bull, his wife, she a descendant 
of Colonel Thomas Bull and Ann Hunter, 
his wife. These were families of note in 
New England and Pennsylvania, many 
colonial and Revolutionary patriots, men 
high in Church and State, in the profes- 
sions and in business bearing proudly the 
names included in the foregoing brief 
resume of the ancestry of ^\'illiam IVew- 
ster Wood. 

William Brewster Wood was born in 
Philadelphia, on Friday, July 25, 1851, 
died at his residence. No. 1838 Green 
street, Philadelphia, of heart disease, 
April 24, 1905, son of Thomas Wood, a 
graduate of the University of Pennsyl- 
vania, born in Delaware, December 12, 
1827, and Maria Jackson Flagg, his wife, 
born in Providence, Rhode Island. He 
was educated in Philadelphia, attending 
the Saunders Military Academy, and al- 
though prepared to enter college relin- 
quished that great privilege in favor of 
one he regarded as more beneficial, an 
extended trip around the world. On his 
return to Philadelphia he was for about 
eight years a member of the firm of Alan 
Wood & Company, iron manufacturers, 



then retired from business, and spent the 
remainder of his life in scientific study, 
reading, and travel at home and abroad, 
living for a long time in Europe. He was 
an omnivorous reader, his mind a veri- 
table storehouse of information. His 
marvelous memory never allowed him to 
forget, and his constant reading, study 
and travel so constantly furnished him 
with fresh information that he became a 
real encyclopedia of useful facts. He was 
a member of the Art, Country, Athletic 
and Vesper Boat Clubs of Philadelphia, 
but was not a "clubman," rarely visiting 
any to which he belonged. Home and 
library filled his life to overflowing; a 
fine shot, but never hunted because of 
love for animal life; good swimmer; in 
fact, he was fond of all outdoor sports ; 
a lover of horses, being a fine rider, and 
he was the first automobile owner to 
make an extended tour of the United 
'■^tates. one of his trips covering a dis- 
tance of three thousand miles, lie was 
a devoted member of the Presbyterian 
church, and in politics a Republican. At 
dififerent periods he maintained residences 
on the continent of Europe, in favorite 
localities in France, Germany, Holland, 
and Italy. He studied deeply continental 
life, not content with the wonders of art 
or scenery. His mother, Mary Jackson 
Flagg, was a rare genius and gifted 
authoress, her published works compris- 
ing three volumes of poetry — "Calvary," 
"The Golden Wedding," "Faded and 
Other Poems." In her son she lived 
again, he in many respects resembling 
her. 

Mr. Wood married Catherine Elizabeth 
Stewart, daughter of Dr. Reuel and Re- 
becca (Egge) Stewart, of previous men- 
tion. In them met again the blood of 
Governor John Winthrop and "Elder" 
William Brewster, the eminent Pilgrim 
fathers, nearly three centuries after the 
landing at Plymouth Rock. Constance, 
18 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the only child of William Brewster and 
Catherine Elizabeth (Stewart) Wood, 
married Allen Rhoads Evans, of Phila- 
delphia, and has a daughter. Beatrice. 

(The Colver-Winlhrop Line). 

James Stewart, son of Elder William 
Stewart, the American ancestor, married 
Elizabeth Colver, a lineal descendant of 
Governor John Winthrop, of Massachu- 
setts, she being of the seventh generation. 

John Winthrop came to Plymouth, 
Massachusetts, with a company of nine 
hundred persons in 1630, and was for 
many years governor and deputy-gov- 
ernor. 

lie was a just and good ruler, and 
very popular. For nineteen years he kept 
a journal of everything that happened in 
the colony, and in 1790 a part of the 
journal was published. In 1816 the rest 
of the manuscript was found in the tower 
of Old South Church, Boston, and was 
published. Governor Winthrop died in 
Boston, Massachusetts, March 26, 1649, 
aged sixty-one years. 

John (2) Winthrop was born in Gro- 
ton, England, February 12, 1C06, died in 
Boston, April 5, 1676, son of Governor 
John Winthrop and his first wife. Fie 
came to New England with an English 
company in 1635. He built a fort and 
founded the town of Saybrook, at the 
mouth of the Connecticut river, and in 
1645 founded the town of New London. 
He was governor of Connecticut for 
seventeen years, and in 1661 obtained 
from Charles II. the charter which united 
the colonies of Connecticut and New 
Haven. He was a man of scientific at- 
tainments, and one of the strong men of 
early Connecticut. The second wife of 
Governor John (2) Winthrop was Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Edmund Reade, of 
Essex county, England, a sister of Colo- 
nel Thomas Reade, of the Parliamentary 
army. 



Mary Winthrop, daughter of Governor 
John (2) Winthrop, married, in 1672, 
John Colver. She was born in 1644. John 
Colver, born April 15, 1640, was a son of 
Edward and Ann Ellis Colver. 

John, son of John and Mary (Win- 
throp) Colver, born in 1674, married 
Sarah Winthrop. 

Robert, son of John and Sarah (Win- 
throp) Colver, was born in 1714, died in 

1783- 

Robert (2), son of Robert (i) and Anne 
Colver, died in 1785. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Robert (2) and 
Martha Colver, was born in 1776, died 
March 22, 1826. She married James Stew- 
art, grandfather of Dr. Reuel Stewart, of 
Philadelphia. 

(The Beavers Line). 

Thomas Page Stewart, M. D., grandson 
of Elder William and son of James and 
Elizabeth (Colver) Stewart, married 
Susan S. Beavers. In the old Mansfield 
Cemetery just a short distance from 
Washington, New Jersey, are found many 
tombstones inscribed "Beavers." Two of 
these are here quoted: "Robert Beavers 
died Oct 11 1822 in his 75th year." "Cath- 
erine wife of Robert Beavers died April 
2, 1859 in her g6th year." This Robert 
was a son of Judge Robert Beavers, whose 
ancestry is not known, but it is believed 
he came to New Jersey from Virginia. 
Robert Beavers, of Virginia, nephew of 
Judge Robert Beavers, had gold stolen 
from his saddle bags during an over-night 
stay at Right's Tavern, Pennsylvania. 
February 20, 1802, while making the jour- 
ney from County Hampshire, Virginia, 
to New Jersey. The name is found as 
Bever, Bevier, Beaver, and Beavers, the 
generations named using the last form 
largely. 

Robert (2), a son of Judge Robert, 
was a soldier of the Revolution, serv- 
ing as lieutenant and captain in the First 



1719 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Regiment, Sussex county, New Jersey, 
militia, from the beginning until the end 
of the war. He fought in many battles 
and skirmishes, including Trenton, Bound 
Brook, Germantown, and Springfield. He 
was also a judge of Sussex county courts. 
His second wife was Catherine Ker, a de- 
scendant of Sir Walter Ker, who came 
from Scotland in 1685, under sentence of 
banishment. He was related to the Earls 
of Roxburghe, and his sentence was pro- 
nounced because of his attempts to ob- 
tain his rightful honors and property. He 
married Catherine Mattison and settled 
in Monmouth county. He was one of the 
founders of Old Tennent Church, near 
Freehold. His tombstone reads: 

Here lies what's mortal of Walter Ker de- 
ceased June 10 in ye 92 year of his age who long 
with patience bore life's heavy load, ready to 
spend and be spent for God. 

The noble portrait in a line to paint. 
He breathed a father and dy'd a saint. 
Here sleeps in peace the aged sire's dust. 
Till the glad trump arouse the sleeping just. 

He had four sons, one of them, Joseph, 
the father of Catherine Ker, second wife 
of Judge Robert (2) Beavers. Judge 
Beavers was one of the founders of the 
Presbyterian Church at Greenwich, New 
Jersey, built his own pew in the church, 
and attended service in state, accom- 
panied by slaves carrying his personal be- 
longings. 

Four generations of ■'Stewarts reside 
at Meadowbrook, Montgomery county, 
Pennsylvania, just outside Philadelphia, 
Dr. Reuel Stewart, aged eighty-six years, 
and his wife ; Catherine Elizabeth, their 
daughter, widow of William Brewster 
Wood and wife of Otto Walther Kulling ; 
Constance, her daughter by first mar- 
riage, wife of Allen Rhoads Evans ; Bea- 
trice, their daughter, a charming little 
miss of three summers, for whose benefit 
this record of her mother's ancestry has 
been prepared. 



GRIGGS, Joseph Franklin, 

Accomplislied Educator. 

The late Joseph Franklin Griggs, Pro- 
fessor of the Greek Language and Litera- 
ture in the Western University of Penn- 
sylvania (now the University of Pitts- 
burgh), and one of the founders of that 
institution, was a representative of an 
ancient family of English origin, of Colo- 
nial and Revolutionary record in Massa- 
chusetts, and during the national period 
of our history distinguished in that and 
other states of the American Union. 

The name Griggs is of great antiquity, 
being found in British records as far back 
as the thirteenth century. The majority 
of the name were from the south of Eng- 
land. The arms granted to the family 
are : Arms : Gules, three ostrich feathers 
argent. Crest : A sword in pale enfiled 
with a leopard's face, all proper. 

(I) The American branch was trans- 
planted in the seventeenth century to the 
province of Massachusetts, and the orig- 
inal home of the family in the New World 
was in Boston. Joseph Griggs, the first 
ancestor of record, and presumably the 
immigrant, was born in 1625, and mar- 
ried (second) in 1654, Hannah Davis, 
who died in 1683. The death of Joseph 
Griggs occurred in 1715. 

(II) Ichabod, son of Joseph and Han- 
nah t Davis) Griggs, was born September 
8, 16 — , and married Margaret Bishop. 

(HI) Thomas, son of Ichabod and Mar- 
garet (Bishop) Griggs, was born Febru- 
ary 25, 1715, and married. September i, 
1743. Margaret Williams, whose ancestral 
record is appended to this biography. 
Thomas Griggs died July 7, 1782, and his 
widow passed away September 11, 1800. 

(IV) Thomas (2). son of Thomas (i) 
and Margaret (Williams) Griggs, was 
born April 20, 1750, in Brookline, Massa- 
chusetts, and was a corporal in the com- 
pany of minute-men which marched on 




^CiyUu^ /^Jj^;^,^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the alarm of April 19, 1775, afterward 
serving as a sergeant in Captain John 
Howard's company, Colonel Jonathan 
Plolman's regiment, at the time of the 
surrender of General Burgoyne. He also 
served later in Captain Jonathan Wood- 
bury's company, Colonel Jacob Davis's 
regiment, receiving an honorable dis- 
charge on August 8, 1780. Sergeant 
Griggs married, July 4, 1776, Mary God- 
dard, who was born in 1747. It was a 
noteworthy coincidence that the birthday 
of the nation should be the wedding-day 
of a soldier fighting in the cause of inde- 
pendence. Tradition says that his trade 
was that of a blacksmith. He passed 
away on April 17, 1800, in Sutton, Massa- 
chusetts, and the death of his widow oc- 
curred November 6, 1824. 

(V) John, son of Thomas (2) and Mary 
(Goddard) Griggs, was born February 15, 
1785, and, like his father, followed the 
calling of a blacksmith. He married, No- 
vember 19, 1812, Mary Thurston, great- 
granddaughter of the Rev. John Camp- 
bell, the first minister of Oxford, Massa- 
chusetts, and a member of the celebrated 
clan Campbell, the Loudon branch of 
which were the founders of Worcester, 
Massachusetts. John Griggs and his wife 
became the parents of eleven children, 
among whom was Joseph Franklin, men- 
tioned below. Mr. Griggs died June i, 
1850, and his widow, who was born June 
30, 1794, passed away March 25, 1878. 

(VI) Joseph Franklin, son of John and 
Mary (Thurston) Griggs, was born April 
24, i82!2, at Sutton, Massachusetts, and 
received his elementary education in the 
common schools of his native town, after- 
ward attending the academies of Wilbra- 
ham and Leicester, meanwhile teaching 
a public school in Sutton during some of 
the winters. In 1842 he entered Yale 
University, graduating in 1846 with the 
degree of Bachelor of Arts, and in 1862 
receiving from his alma mater that of 

172 



Master of Arts. In 1846 he entered An- 
dover Theological Seminary, but was 
forced by failing health to abandon his 
intention of studying for the ministry. 
Instead, he consecrated his remarkable 
intellectual powers to the noble work of 
an instructor, and in 1847 ^"^ 1848 taught 
select schools at Sutton and Holden, Mas- 
sachusetts. In 1848 and 1849 he was 
principal of the Men's Winter School at 
Worcester, Massachusetts, and in the lat- 
ter year removed by invitation to Alle- 
gheny, Pennsylvania, where he opened a 
private classical school for boys. It was 
extremely successful, and in 1852 Mr. 
Griggs formed a partnership with Mr. 
Nicholas Veeder, who presided over a 
school in Pittsburgh. The following year 
the school of Mr. William T. McDonald, 
also of Pittsburgh, made a third in the 
combination, and this triple consolida- 
tion became the nucleus of the Western 
University of Pennsylvania. In 1855, on 
the completion of the buildings of the in- 
stitution, Mr. Griggs was chosen to fill 
the chair of ancient languages, which he 
continued to do until 1864, then becom- 
ing Professor of the Greek Language and 
Literature. In 1880 he was made Pro- 
fessor Emeritus and secretary and treas- 
urer of the board of trustees, also 
librarian, curator of the museum, and cus- 
todian of the university property. In 
1892 he was compelled by impaired health 
to retire from active work. 

In order to obtain a true idea of the 
personality of Professor Griggs, it would 
be necessary to gather the impressions of 
the multitudes of youths and young men 
to whom his instructions formed a large 
part of the equipment for the battle of 
life. Nor need we ask what these im- 
pressions were. A majority of his stu- 
dents, by their lives and work as well as 
by the spoken and written word, have 
amply testified to the worth of his in- 
structions, and, above all, to the inesti- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



mable value of the example of his life. 
Of strong character, vigorous mentality 
and possessing a wealth of learning and 
experience, he was also a man of liberal 
sentiments, large heart and deep and loyal 
affections. In appearance and manner 
he was the ideal type of the scholar and 
the gentleman. Politically, Professor 
Griggs was allied with the Republican 
party and in national and community 
affairs he ever manifested the active in- 
terest of a good citizen. From the age of 
seventeen to the close of his life, he was 
a member of the church and for thirty- 
five years he served as elder in the Third 
Presbyterian Church of Pittsburgh. 

Professor Griggs mai-ried, April i6, 
1863, Eliza Buchanan, born September 
26, 1829, daughter of Dr. Jeremiah and 
Martha (Buchanan) Brooks, of Pitts- 
burgh, and their children were: Martha 
Buchanan, a member of General Rufus 
Putnam Chapter, Daughters of the Amer- 
ican Revolution, of Sutton. Massachu- 
setts ; Jeremiah Brooks, of Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania ; Thomas Campbell, whose 
biography may be found on another page ; 
and Joseph Franklin, a physician at Ta- 
coma, Washington. 

Love of home and family was Profes- 
sor Griggs' inmost nature, and his do- 
mestic relations were of unusual felicity. 
Mrs. Griggs survived her husband some 
years, passing away on December 6, 1906. 
The death of Professor Griggs, which oc- 
curred April I, 1897, marked the close of 
more than half a century of usefulness 
and honor. At the time of his passing he 
was the oldest member of the Yale 
Alumni .A^ssociation of Pittsburgh. Deeply 
mourned in his home city, he was grieved 
for in regions far remote. Throughout 
the length and breadth of the land men in 
various callings felt bereaved when they 
heard that the honored instructor of their 
youth had passed away. Tributes of 
gratitude and afifection were the offerings 



of countless hearts. The work to which 
Professor Griggs so ardently and stead- 
fastly devoted himself is one that bids 
defiance to "the chances and changes of 
this mortal life." Such a man, long after 
he has ceased from earth, remains as an 
ennol)ling influence in the lives of the 
generations that come after him. 

(The WiUiams Line). 

Stephen Williams, of Great Yarmouth, 
county of Norfolk, England, of a six- 
teenth century family residing in that 
town, married, at St. Nicholas' Church, 
September 22, 1605, Margaret, daughter 
of Nicholas and Winifred Cooke, of North 
Repps, county of Norfolk. Their children 
were: Robert, mentioned below; and 
Nicholas, who died at his brother's house. 
Roxbury, Massachusetts, August 2"], 1672. 
Stephen Williams died in September, 
1625. 

(II) Robert, son of Stephen and Mar- 
garet (Cooke) Williams, was baptized De- 
cember II, 1608, at Great Yarmouth. In 
1630 he was made a freeman of Norwich, 
and in 1635 warden of his guild. In 1637 he 
emigrated to ^Massachusetts, and in 1638 
was made a freeman of Roxbury. In 1644 
he became a member of the Ancient and 
Honorable Artillery Company. He mar- 
ried (first) in England, Elizabeth Stal- 
ham, and among their seven children was 
Stephen, mentioned below. Mrs. Wil- 
liams died July 28, 1674, in Roxbury, and 
Air. Williams married (second) the 
widow of John Fearing, who came from 
England on the "Diligent," in 1638. Rob- 
ert Williams died in September, 1693. 

(III) Stephen (2), son of Robert and 
Elizabeth (Stalham) Williams, was born 
November 8, 1640, at Roxbury, Massa- 
chusetts, and followed the calling of a 
farmer. He was known as "Captain." 
Captain Williams married, in 1666, Sarah, 
born December 19, 1647, daughter of Jo- 
seph and Mary (Thompson) Wise, of 

722 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Roxbury, and twelve children were born 
to them, six sons, one of whom was John, 
mentioned below, and six daughters. 
Captain Williams died February 15, 1720, 
and his widow survived until 1728. 

(IV) John, son of Stephen (2) and 
Sarah (Wise) Williams, was born Janu- 
ary 16, 1684, and married, March 15, 1716, 
Dorothy, born June 19, 1697, daughter of 
Nathaniel and Martha (Weld) Brewer, 
of Roxbury, Massachusetts. Their daugh- 
ter Margaret is mentioned below. 

(V) Margaret, daughter of John and 
Dorothy (Brewer) \\'iniams, was born 
February 19, 1723. and became the wife 
of Thomas Griggs, as stated above. 

The arms of the Vv''illiams family are : 
Arms: Sable, a lion rampant argent, 
armed and langued gules. Crest : A moor 
cock proper. Motto: Cognosce occasioncm. 



GRIGGS, Thomas Campbell, 

Financier, Bank Official. 

Thomas Campbell Griggs, assistant to 
the president of the First-Second Na- 
tional Bank of Pittsburgh, has been from 
the outset of his career continuously 
identified with the financial interests of 
his native city. 

Thomas Campbell Griggs was born 
March 29, 1868, in Pittsburgh, and is a 
son of the late Joseph Franklin and Eliza 
Buchanan (Brooks) Griggs. A biography 
of Joseph Franklin Griggs, with ances- 
tral record, appears elsewhere in this 
work. Thomas Campbell Griggs was 
educated in schools of his native city and 
at the Western University of Pennsyl- 
vania, now the University of Pittsburgh. 

On December 14, 1885, Mr. Griggs be- 
gan his business career by entering the 
service of the First National Bank. His 
aptitude for the work was soon apparent, 
and he steadily rose, attaining to the posi- 
tion of cashier. Upon the consolidation 
of the Second National Bank with the 



First National, under the title of the 
First-Second National Bank, Mr. Griggs 
succeeded to his present position of as- 
sistant to the president of the new insti- 
tution. He is now in the thirtieth year 
of an uninterrupted identification with 
the banking business of Pittsburgh. 

In politics Mr. Griggs is a Republican, 
but takes no active part in the affairs of 
the organization, though manifesting, in 
all that relates to the betterment of condi- 
tions, the helpful interest demanded of 
every good citizen. His clubs are the 
Union and Duquesne, and he is a mem- 
ber of the Third Presbyterian Church. 

]\Ir. Griggs married, February 28, 1901, 
Christine, daughter of James R. and 
Christiana Wallace (Sproull) Newell. Mr. 
Newell was president of Newell's Insti- 
tute of Pittsburgh, one of the city's 
famous old institutions of learning. Mr. 
and Mrs. Griggs are the parents of three 
children : Marian Thurston ; Thomas 
Newell, born May 20, 1904; and Christine. 



IRISH, Capt. Dallas Cadwallader, 

Civil "WsiT Veteran, Excellent Citizen. 



A high-minded business men, a brave 
soldier and a gentleman of ancient line- 
age — this is what the name of the late 
Captain Dallas Cadwallader Irish meant 
and still means to his fellow citizens of 
Pittsbiirgh. During the earlier and the 
latter years of his life. Captain Irish was 
a resident of the Iron City and he was 
always associated with the advancement 
of the best interests of Pittsburgh. 

The Irish family is one of colonial rec- 
ord and the following is the escutcheon 
of the Pennsylvania branch : Arms — 
Azure, a fess argent, over all a bend gules. 
Crest: On an oak tree eradicated and 
erect proper a dragon or. pierced through 
the breast with a sword of the first, hilt 
of the second. 

Nathaniel Irish, great-grandfather of 

1723 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Dallas Cadwallader Irish, was born of 
English parentage, on the island of Mont- 
serrat, one of the Leeward Islands of the 
West Indies, and early in the eighteenth 
century came to Pennsylvania, settling in 
Bucks (now Northampton) county, where 
he acquired a plantation on Saucon creek, 
at its confluence with the Delaware river. 
Here he built a grist mill and a saw mill 
on the "Great Road" from Philadelphia, 
at the mouth of the Saucon river. He left 
behind him in his native island a sister, 
Elizabeth Lee, who was the mother of 
three daughters — Sarah, Elizabeth and 
Ann. In April, 1741, he was commis- 
sioned a justice of the peace in Bucks 
county, and served until December, 1745. 
In 1743 he hired an African slave known 
as Joseph, alias Boston, who after 1732 
had been brought by his master from 
Montserrat to Durham Furnace, in what 
is now Northampton county, Pennsyl- 
vania. Nathaniel Irish married, and had 
a son and a daughter, Nathaniel and Ann. 
He died in 1748, at Union Furnace, Hun- 
terdon county, New Jersey. His daugh- 
ter Ann inherited under his will a planta- 
tion called "Private Neck," on the west 
branch of the Delaware river, being part 
of his original survey at the mouth of 
Saucon creek, which he reserved when he 
sold his plantation to George Crookshank. 
He also left his daughter ^500 in money 
to be put out at interest until she came 
of age, also a negro woman Martilla, and 
her daughter Betty. Ann Irish's guar- 
dian was William Allen, chief justice of 
Pennsylvania. Nathaniel Irish also men- 
tioned in his will a nephew, William Irish, 
and a niece, Sarah Irish. 

(II) Nathaniel (2), son of Nathaniel 
(i) Irish, was born May 8, 1737, in Sau- 
con, Bucks (now Northampton) county, 
Pennsylvania, and received part of his 
education in Philadelphia. His portrait 
appears with this biography. He was 
only eleven years of age when his father 



died, and, early manifesting an interest 
in the iron business established by his 
father, he became manager of Union Fur- 
nace. At the beginning of the Revolu- 
tion he commenced the manufacture of 
cannon from wrought iron, but the Brit- 
ish obtaining knowledge of this, sent out 
a secret expedition and destroyed the fur- 
nace. He then raised a company of ar- 
tillery and was commissioned captain, 
February 7, 1777, in the regiment of Colo- 
nel Benjamin Flower, and remained in 
active service until January i, 17S3. He 
was one of the original members of the 
Society of the Cincinnati. After the war. 
Captain Irish settled on a tract of land he 
had taken up on Plum creek, Westmore- 
land county (now Allegheny). The State 
of Pennsylvania gave him a warrant for 
five hundred acres of donation land for 
his services in the Revolution, which was 
located in the first district in what was 
subsequently Lawrence county. A por- 
tion of this land remains in the possession 
of the family. About 1790 Captain Irish 
located in Pittsburgh, and was elected 
first assistant burgess upon the incorpora- 
tion of that borough in April, 1794. 

Captain Irish married (first) in 1758. 
Elizabeth (1735-1789), daughter of John 
Thomas, ironmaster, of Merion, Philadel- 
phia, Pennsylvania, and their children 
were, besides those that died in infancy: 
William Beckford, mentioned below ; 
Anne (1760-1840). married Major George 
McCully; Elizabeth (1762-1807), married 
Captain Thomas Wylie ; Nathaniel (1766- 
181 1). and Alary (1771-1833), who mar- 
ried Colonel Henry Smith. 

Elizabeth (Thomas) Irish, called a 
"Glorious Matron of the Revolution." on 
account of her services and good deeds 
during that struggle, died July 11. 1789, at 
Plum Creek, Allegheny county, Pennsyl- 
vania, and was buried in a private grave- 
yard there. Captain Irish spent his latter 
years quite retired, and died in Pittsburgh 

24 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



September ii, 1816. He married (second) 
Mary Irwin, who lies buried with him in 
Trinity Church-yard. 

(III) William Beckford, son of Na- 
thaniel (2) and Elizabeth (Thomas) Irish, 
was born August 21, 1773, in Philadel- 
phia. He spent the early years of his life 
in Pittsburgh (later going to New Lis- 
bon, Ohio). He was United States mar- 
shal under President James Monroe. He 
married (first) Hannah Cadwallader, the 
Cadwalladers being a prominent Virginia 
family; of their seven children only one 
lived to maturity, a son, Franklin, who 
was born January 12, 1820, and died Au- 
gust 7, 1869. He was a resident and a 
prominent physician of Pittsburgh, and 
served throughout the Civil War as sur- 
geon in the Seventy-seventh Regiment 
Pennsylvania Volunteers. William Beck- 
ford married (second) Lydia, daughter of 
Septimus and Sarah (Dallas) Cadwalla- 
der, born at Redstone, now Brownsville, 
Pennsylvania; their children were: Elias 
Hicks, attorney in Pittsburgh, and State 
Senator, born August 20, 1830, died No- 
vember 24, 1866; Dallas Cadwallader, 
mentioned below; William Beckford 
(1835-1853) ; Ellen (1837-1897), married 
William Stanton; Nathaniel (1840-1870), 
who served in the Civil War, first as lieu- 
tenant in Hampton Battery F, Pennsyl- 
vania Light Artillery, and after the death 
of Captain Hampton, as captain of the 
battery, from June, 1863, until it was 
mustered out in June, 1865. William 
Beckford Irish died March 23. 1850, in 
Lawrence county, and was buried in New 
Lisbon, Ohio, and later reinterred in New 
Castle, Pennsylvania. 

(IV) Dallas Cadwallader, son of Wil- 
liam Beckford and Lydia (Cadwallader) 
Irish, was born April 3, 1832, in what is 
now Lawrence county, Pennsylvania, but 
was then a part of the counties Beaver 
and Mercer. His boyhood was spent in 
New Lisbon, Ohio, his family moving 



thence to New Brighton, Pennsylvania, 
in 1858, and later taking up their resi- 
dence in Pittsburgh. Mr. Irish received 
his higher education at JefTerson (now 
Washington and Jefferson) College, and 
after leaving college successfully con- 
ducted a wholesale and retail commission 
business in Pittsburgh. 

At the outbreak of the Civil War, Mr. 
Irish was among the iirst to respond to the 
call to arms, and in 1861 he was appointed 
by President Lincoln to the captaincy of 
Company G, Thirteenth Regiment United 
States Infantry, then commanded by 
Colonel William T. Sherman, and having 
as one of its captains Philip H. Sheridan. 
With this regiment Captain Irish served 
with distinction during the entire war, 
being brevetted major for "gallant and 
meritorious service" after the battle of 
Arkansas Post, and lieutenant-colonel 
after the siege of Vicksburg. For a year 
after the close of the conflict he served 
on the plains, being stationed at Forts 
Riley and Leavenworth, Kansas, and also 
in Colorado, escorting government sur- 
veys and protecting them from the In- 
dians, who were carrying on guerilla war- 
fare. On April 9, i8fi6, he resigned his 
commission and returned to Pittsburgh. 

In 1867 Captain Irish moved to New 
Castle, Pennsylvania, returning in 1894 
to Pittsburgh, where he took a leading 
part in municipal affairs, and was ever 
ready to lend aid and encouragement to 
any project which he deemed calculated 
to advance the public welfare. For many 
years he was a Republican. In 1882, 
while a resident of New Castle, he was 
identified with the Independent Repub- 
licans, but later he associated himself 
with the Prohibitionists. His charities, 
which were numerous, were always be- 
stowed in the quietest manner possible. 
He was a member of Point Breeze Pres- 
byterian Church. He was also a mem- 
ber of the Societv of the Cincinnati ; the 



1725 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Pennsylvania Society of Sons of the Rev- 
olution, and of the Pennsylvania Loyal 
Legion. A portrait of D. C. Irish appears 
with this biography. 

In Pittsburgh, the Irish property on 
Sixth street, now Federal street, owned by 
Captain Irish and his sister, was purchased 
by their grandfather, Captain Nathaniel 
Irish from John Penn and John Penn, Jr., 
at the close of the Revolutionary War, the 
original deed of which is in possession of 
members of the Irish family. 

Captain Irish married, January 7, 1869, 
Linda, daughter of Samuel and Fannie 
(Say) Jack, and they became the parents 
of two sons and a daughter — William 
Beckford, a well known physician, who 
died March 22, 1907 ; Franklin Cadwalla- 
der, and Charlotte Dallas. 

The death of Captain Irish, which oc- 
curred November 7, 1899, deprived Pitts- 
burgh of a citizen whose unblemished 
honor in every relation of life had ren- 
dered him an example to the entire com- 
munity and placed him high on the list 
of Pittsburgh's representative men. 

Captain Nathaniel Irish was one of 
those who fought in the army of Wash- 
ington to win acknowledgment of the in- 
dependence of the United States. Cap- 
tain Dallas Cadwallader Irish made a 
brilliant record in helping defend the in- 
tegrity of the Union. His name lives in 
the annals of his country and his record 
is cherished with just and affectionate 
pride by his home city of Pittsburgh. 



SHAW, Henry Clay, 

Civil Engineer, Man of Affairs. 

.Among the well known manufacturers 
of the Iron City was the late Henry Clay 
Shaw, vice-president of the A. Garrison 
Foundry Company and the Fawcus Ma- 
chine Company. !Mr. Shaw was a repre- 
sentative of one of the old and leading 
families of Pittsburgh, and always mani- 



fested a lojal interest in the progress and 
well being of his native city. 

Henry Clay Shaw was born February 
26, 1855, it^ Pittsburgh, and was a son of 
the late Dr. Thomas Wilson and Cath- 
erine W. (Stoner) Shaw. A biography of 
Dr. Shaw, with full ancestral record and 
portrait appears elsewhere in this work. 
Henry Clay Shaw received his prepara- 
tory education in the public schools and 
then entered the Rensselaer Polytechnic 
Institute, Troy, New York, graduating 
in 1876, with the degree of Civil Engi- 
neer. After serving for a time on the 
government survey of the Ohio and Alle- 
gheny rivers, Mr. Shaw became division 
engineer on the construction of the Pitts- 
burgh & Western railroad. Afterward he 
held for ten years the position of mechan- 
ical engineer of the Troy Steel and Iron 
Company, and then became engineer of 
the Joliet Works of the Illinois Steel Com- 
pany, going to his post of duty on Janu- 
ary 17, 18S9, and remaining until June. 
1S92, and on leaving the Joliet Works he 
became inspector of steel at the Home- 
stead Steel Works at the time of the great 
strike, his assistant being poisoned to 
death with others by agents of the 
strikers. He next became connected with 
the Lewis Foundry and ^lachine Com- 
pany of Pittsburgh, filling successively 
the positions of engineer, secretary and 
vice-president, and maintaining his asso- 
ciation with the concern for a period of 
nearly ten years. In 1902 he accepted the 
position of vice-president of the A. Garri- 
son Foundry Company, which he held 
till death. Mr. Shaw was also vice-presi- 
dent of the Fawcus Machine Company 
of Pittsburgh. 

In politics he was an independent Re- 
publican, but took no active part in the 
affairs of the organization. He was a 
vice-president of the Civic Club of Alle- 
gheny county, and a member of the Amer- 
ican Association for the Advancement of 



1726 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Science, the American Geographical Soci- 
ety, the American Forestry Association, 
the Rensselaer Society of Engineers, the 
Engineers' Society of Western Pennsyl- 
vania, the West Pennsylvania Historical 
Society, the Presbyterian Historical So- 
ciety, and Sons of the American Revolu- 
tion. He belonged to the Duquesne Club, 
and was a member of the Glenshaw Pres- 
byterian Church. 

Mr. Shaw married, October i, 1889, in 
New York City, Fanny Maria Patchin, 
whose ancestral record is appended to 
this biography, and they became the par- 
ents of five daughters: Katherine Lydia. 
educated at Bryn Mawr ; Martha, edu- 
cated at Miss Kirk's School, Bryn Mawr, 
Pennsylvania, and at Dana Hall, Worces- 
ter, Massachusetts ; Caroline Tompkins, 
educated at Bryn Mawr ; Elizabeth Ar- 
buthnot ; and Margaret Fay. Mrs. Shaw 
passed away on April 5, 191 1. She was a 
member of the Daughters of the Ameri- 
can Revolution and numerous clubs, and 
was a woman of culture and character, 
possessing withal a most lovely and win- 
ning personality. 

Mr. Shaw was the bearer of a name 
long known to Pittsburgh as a synonym 
for good citizenship and public service in 
professional and commercial life. The 
death of Henry C. Shaw occurred Sep- 
tember 26, 1915, at his home in Sewick- 
ley, Pennsylvania. 

(The Patchin Line). 

Jacob Patchin, the first ancestor of rec- 
ord, was born about 1663, ^^^ was of 
Fairfield, Connecticut. He married Mary 
Hubbard, who was born in October, 
168 — or 1692. Jacob Patchin died Feb- 
ruary 15, 1750, and his wife passed away 
March 25. 1758. 

(II) Jacob (2), son of Jacob (i) and 
Mary (Hubbard) Patchin, was baptized 
November 2, 1701, and married Abigail 
Sterling, who died before February 16, 



1796. The death of Jacob Patchin oc- 
curred April 4, 1764. 

(III) Jabez, son of Jacob (2) and Abi- 
gail (Sterling) Patchin, was born April 
9, 1727, and married Hannah Squire, of 
Norwalk, Connecticut, August 17, 1748. 

(IV) Samuel, son of Jabez and Han- 
nah (Squire) Patchin, was born June 10, 
1758, and was of Wilton Parish, town of 
Norwalk, Connecticut. He married Mary 
Elizabeth Hollister. and passed away on 
March 18, 1844. 

(V) Lyman, son of Samuel and Mary 
Elizabeth (Hollister) Patchin, was bom 
in 1780, at Sabbath Day Point, Lake 
George, and married Fanny Squiers, born 
February 27, 1789. The death of Lyman 
Patchin occurred August 16, 1857, and his 
wife passed away September 17, 1834. 

(VI) Henry, son of Lyman (2) and 
Fanny (Squiers) Patchin, was born Jan- 
uary 4, 1820, and was of Bennington, Ver- 
mont, but later of Troy, New York. He 
married Lydia Pierce Tompkins (see 
Tompkins line), and his death occurred 
September 15, 1886. 

(VII) Fanny Maria, daughter of Henry 
and Lydia Pierce (Tompkins) Patchin, 
became the wife of Henry Clay Shaw, as 
stated above. 

(The Tompkins Line). 

John Tompkins, founder of the Ameri- 
can branch of the family, was born in 
England, and in 1630 emigrated to the 
province of Massachusetts, landing in, 
Boston. He afterward lived at Concord, 
in 1648, and died in 1688, at Fairfield, 
Connecticut. 

(II) Nathaniel, son of John Tompkins, 
married Elizabeth , and died Sep- 
tember 6, 1684, in East Chester, New 
York. 

(III) Stephen, son of Nathaniel and 
Elizabeth Tompkins, married Ann . 

(IV) Jonathan Griffin, son of Stephen 
and Ann Tompkins, was born June 8, 



1727 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1736, and before the Revolutionary War 
was regent of King's College (now Col- 
umbia University), New York City, and 
served on the New York Committee of 
Safety in the Revolution and as mem- 
ber of Assembly. Jonathan Griffin Tomp- 
kins married Sarah Hyatt, who was born 
April 28, 1740, and died April 22, 1810. 
The death of Judge Tompkins occurred 
May 22, 1823. He left two sons : Enoch, 
mentioned below; and Daniel D., who 
was governor of the State of New York 
during the War of 1812, and vice-president 
of the United States during the adminis- 
tration of James Madison. 

(V) Enoch, son of Jonathan Griffin 
and Sarah (Hyatt) Tompkins, was born 
August 21, 1771, and married Mary 
Barker, who was born in 1777, and died 
February i, 1854, surviving her husband, 
who passed away April 4, 1843. 

(VI) Daniel D., son of Enoch and 
Mary (Barker) Tompkins, was born No- 
vember 30, 1798, and received the name 
of his distinguished uncle. He himself 
was known to fame as a soldier, in the 
regular army of the United States, attain- 
ing the rank of general, and serving dur- 
ing the Mexican War. General Tomp- 
kins married Mary Perry Pierce, who was 
born September 20, 1807, and died Janu- 
ary 24, 1845. The death of General Dan- 
iel D. Tompkins occurred February 26, 
1863. 

(VII) Lydia Pierce, daughter of Dan- 
iel D. and Mary Perry (Pierce) Tomp- 
kins, became the wife of Henry Patchin 
(see Patchin line). 



STILLWAGEN, Charles A., 

Surgeon, Gynaecologist. 

The high rank of Pittsburgh as a centre 
of medical science has been uninterrupt- 
edly maintained for more than a century 
and among the specialists who are to- 



day making splendid records is Dr. 
Charles Augustine Stillwagen, widely dis- 
tinguished as a gynaecologist. Since the 
opening of his career Dr. Stillwagen has 
practiced continuously in Pittsburgh and 
for many years has occupied a leading 
place in the ranks of her medical profes- 
sion. 

Jacob Stillwagen, great-grandfather of 
Charles Augustine Stillwagen, emigrated 
from Ireland a number of years prior to 
the Revolution, and served for four years 
in the Continental army, the fact being 
amply proved by papers relative to his 
service and discharge, and also by a 
sword, musket and bayonet which are still 
in the possession of his descendants. He 
married Johanna Shean, a native of Ire- 
land, whom he tirst met on the ship that 
brought them to this country, and who 
lived for a year before her marriage in 
Eastern Pennsylvania. Jacob Stillwagen 
and his wife settled in 1765 in Pigeon 
Creek, Washington county, Pennsyl- 
vania. 

Adam, son of Jacob and Johanna 
(Shean) Stillwagen, was born near Mo- 
nongahela City, and spent the active 
years of his life in the labors of a farmer. 
He married Mary Dougherty, who was 
born in the same neighborhood, and their 
children were : Jacob, Charles, Andrew 
J., Adam, Elizabeth, Susan, and Michael, 
mentioned below. 

Michael, son of Adam and Mary 
(Dougherty) Stillwagen, was born in 
Washington county, where he engaged in 
mercantile business and was, in his day, 
a man of some prominence. His political 
affiliations were with the Democrats and 
he was a member of the Roman Catholic 
Church. He married Mary Nease, and 
the following children were born to them : 
Asbury J., deceased; Charles Augustine, 
mentioned below ; Elizabeth, wife of H. 
W. Williams, of Homestead, Pennsyl- 
728 




. fy-Ti^ UOi..^ ^^„ yi^jr 




A^ 




uy 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



vania ; Regina, wife of John Slater, of 
Washington, Pennsylvania; and Frances, 
wife of E. M. Behem, of Pittsburgh. Mr. 
Stillwagen died November 12, 1891. 

Charles Augustine, son of Michael and 
Mary (Nease) Stillwagen, was born 
April 6, 1866, at Claysville, Pennsylvania, 
and received his preparatory education in 
the public schools, passing thence to 
Washington and Jefferson College, which 
he left at the end of his sophomore year. 
He then entered Jefferson Medical Col- 
lege, graduating in 1892 with the degree 
of Doctor of Medicine. After a year 
spent as resident physician at the Mercy 
Hospital, Pittsburgh, Dr. Stillwagen 
took up general practice as a surgeon, and 
now devotes himself exclusively to gynae- 
cology. He has a large and profitable 
clientele, and the high reputation which 
he enjoys is justly merited, for he has 
performed successfully many difficult 
operations and is frequently called in con- 
sultation in cases presenting unusual 
complications. He is gynaecologist to the 
Pittsburgh Hospital and the Columbia 
Hospital and, despite the arduous and en- 
grossing nature of his professional duties, 
makes frequent contributions to medical 
journals. Dr. Stillwagen is a Fellow of 
the American College of Surgeons, which 
is now building a permanent home in 
Washington, D. C. the structure to be 
modeled after the Royal College of Sur- 
geons of London. He is also a member 
of the Allegheny County Medical Society, 
the Pennsylvania State Medical Associ- 
ation, the American Medical Association, 
and the American Obstetrical and Gynae- 
cological Society. 

As a citizen with exalted ideals of good 
government and civic virtue, Dr. Still- 
wagen stands in the front rank. He ad- 
vocates the principles of the Democratic 
party, but has never been numbered 
among office-seekers. His charities are 



numerous but unostentatious. He be- 
longs to the University Club, and is a 
member of Cathedral Parish, Roman 
Catholic church. 

With a vigorous and luminous intellect, 
Dr. Stillwagen combines strength of 
character and a genial disposition. This 
union of traits explains in large measure 
his success and gives promise of even 
more signal achievements in the future. 
He is a close student, keeping fully 
abreast of modern thought in all matters 
pertaining to his profession and possesses 
the high esteem and implicit confidence 
of the medical fraternity and the general 
public. Of large stature and dignified 
bearing, with well moulded features, keen 
yet kindly eyes and a manner at once 
courteous and cordial, he presents a per- 
fect picture of the typical successful phy- 
sician and numbers a host of friends both 
in and out of his profession. 

Dr. Stillwagen married, April 18, 1907, 
Isabel, daughter of Walter J. and Isabel 
(McClusky) Kelly, of Pittsburgh, and 
they are the parents of the following chil- 
dren : Charles Kelly, born January 12, 
1908; Mary Virginia; Isabel McClusky; 
Jane Downing; and Michael Lawrence, 
born May 12, 1914. Mrs. Stillwagen, a 
woman of charming personality and many 
social gifts, is also invested with a per- 
fect domesticity, a combination of attri- 
butes which admirably fits her to be the 
true helpmate of a man like her husband 
the ruling motive of whose life is love 
for home and family and who finds one 
of his chief pleasures in the exercise of 
hospitality. 

For a century and a half the name of 
Stillwagen has been associated in West- 
ern Pennsylvania with patriotism and 
the other virtues of citizenship. Dr. 
Charles Augustine Stillwagen has invest- 
ed it with the additional lustre derived 
from professional prestige. 
729 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



HEYER, Charles Henry, 

Financier, Real Estate Operator. 

As one of the young, successful and 
progressive real estate brokers of Phila- 
delphia but residing in Bustleton where 
he also has important interests, Mr. 
Heyer represents attainment worthy of 
all commendation. A graduate of the 
University of Pennsylvania he chose a 
business career in preference to a pro- 
fessional one and in his chosen field has 
won both competence and high reputa- 
tion. He is a grandson of Captain Jacob 
Heyer, whose valiant service as com- 
mander of Company A, Twenty-third 
Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteer In- 
fantry, is attested by a medal and sword 
presented to him after the war, and 
which evidences of his valor are highly 
prized by his descendant, Charles H. 
Heyer. 

Captain Heyer went to the front as 
sergeant of Company A, recruited in 
Philadelphia, in which he enlisted August 
8, 1861, and quickly began his rise to im- 
portant command. On October 2, 1861, 
he was promoted to first sergeant, on 
July 14, 1862, to second lieutenant, 
on March i, 1863, to first lieutenant, and 
on November 22, 1863, to captain, and on 
September 8, 1864, was mustered out with 
his command, the Twenty-third being a 
three years regiment. He saw hard ser- 
vice with the Army of the Potomac, 
fighting at Fair Oaks and other battles 
of the Peninsular campaign ; Fredericks- 
burg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg and 
Cold Harbor. Captain Heyer married 
Miss Lafayette, of a family distinguished 
in American history. He died in 1880. 

Franklin Pierce Heyer, son of Captain 
Jacob Heyer, was for several years a 
contractor of Philadelphia, but later be- 
came an agriculturist. He married Adela 
Louise Dewese, of an old and prominent 
family. 



Charles Henry, son of Franklin Pierce 
and Adela Louise (Dewese) Heyer, was 
born in Philadelphia, November 28, 1879. 
He obtained his early education in Fay- 
ette public schools, prepared for college 
at Central High School, from which he 
graduated, and then entered the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania whence he was 
graduated Bachelor of Arts, class of 1902. 

He began business life as a salesman 
in Philadelphia, representing B. D. An- 
derson & Company, a Baltimore firm. 
He continued with that firm until 1904, 
but in the meantime had been doing some 
dealing in real estate. In 1904 he resigned 
his position as salesman, and from that 
year until the present has been engaged 
in the real estate business in Philadel- 
phia, his present offices being at 1501 
Real Estate Trust Building, as a broker. 
He is a director of the Fox Chase Bank, 
and at his office in Bustleton maintains 
a depository for funds to be later deposit- 
ed in the Fox Chase Bank. He is also 
notary public, and in both his Philadel- 
phia and Bustleton offices transacts a 
large general real estate business. Several 
years ago Mr. Heyer became a member 
of the firm of Althouse & Heyer, his part- 
ner, a practical chemist, the inventor of 
a process to prevent the shrinking of 
woolen cloth. This process, termed "the 
Never-shrink," has proved very valuable, 
and exclusive rights to its use have been 
sold covering Norway, Germany and 
some of the American States. The firm 
of Althouse & Heyer is located in Read- 
ing, Pennsylvania. Mr. Heyer is the 
youngest member of the directorate of 
the Fox Chase Bank, but is nevertheless 
one of its most valued and progressive 
members. He is thoroughly alive to the 
responsibilities of the position he occupies 
and is unremitting in his efiforts to ad- 
vance the bank's interests. 

In politics he is an independent Repub- 
lican, believing that character is more 



1730 





^<^/C.^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



important for a candidate to possess than 
a party label. He is an ofificial member 
of St. Luke's Memorial Church, and at 
the time of his election as Accounting 
Warden, was the youngest member of 
the board. He is a member of the Ma- 
sonic order, belonging to Frankford 
Lodge, No. 506, Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons, and to Jerusalem Chapter, No. 3. 
Royal Arch Masons. 

Mr. Heyer married, June 12, 1907, 
Elizabeth May Toy, a descendant of one 
of the earliest of Pennsylvania settlers. 



MARSHALL, James Lee, 

Enterprising Citizen. 

A successful business man of old fam- 
ily, cultivated tastes and high ideals of 
citizenship. These simple sentences con- 
tain a true but most inadequate descrip- 
tion of the personality of the late James 
Lee Marshall, for many years a member 
of the widely known firm of Lee & Mar- 
shall and officially identified with other 
leading business organizations. Mr. 
Marshall was, for nearly half a century, 
a recognized authority in the wool and 
coal trades of Pittsburgh, and his in- 
fluence as a citizen was ever exerted in 
behalf of all that made for the best inter- 
ests of the metropolis. 

The Marshall family is of English 
origin and ancient record, and since the 
dawn of American history the race has 
been distinguished in the annals of the 
New World. John Marshall, Chief Jus- 
tice of the United States, belonged to the 
Virginia branch of the family, and the 
Marshalls of Pennsylvania have ever been 
numbered among the leading families of 
the Keystone State. The Marshall escut- 
cheon is: Arms — Barry of six ermine 
and azure a horseshoe or between three 
bezants. Crest — A bezant charged with 
a horseshoe azure between two wings 



barry of six ermine and azure. Motto — 
Vi niartiali. 

George Marshall, father of James Lee 
Marshall, was born December 23, 1806, 
in Union county, Pennsylvania, near Mil- 
ton, and was a son of James and Nancy 
(Adams) Marshall. He was one of five 
children. He was educated at Milton 
Academy, at Dickinson College, and at 
Jefferson College, graduating from the 
latter institution in 1831 with the degree 
of A. B. His preceptor in theology was 
Dr. Stockton, of Cross-creek village, and 
on April 17, 1833, he was licensed by the 
Presbytery of Washington, preaching his 
first sermon on July 11 of the same year. 
In June, 1833, he was installed by the 
Presbytery of Ohio as pastor of Bethel 
Church, Allegheny county, Pennsylvania. 
The church was then very small, but by 
his rare ability and disinterested devotion 
he caused it to attain a flourishing con- 
dition. In January, 1843, he accepted an 
agency tendered him by the Board of 
Home Missions, and was temporarily re- 
leased from the care of his church. In 
1844 he resumed his pastoral duties and 
continued to discharge them with char- 
acteristic energy and self-abnegation un- 
til failing health, in 1872, rendered fur- 
ther work impossible. In addition to his 
pastoral work he was active in the cause 
of education. Chiefly through his per- 
sonal eff'orts a building was erected and 
an academic school established at which 
many now in the ministry and other pro- 
fessions received their training. He was 
a trustee of Jefiferson College, and that 
institution conferred upon him the hon- 
orary degree of Doctor of Divinity. Dr. 
Marshall was a public-spirited citizen, 
and adhered to the Republican party. 

On April 14, 1830, Dr. Marshall married 
Mary, born November 3, 1805, died Janu- 
ary 15, 1888, daughter of Hugh and Han- 
nah (Orr) Lee, of Cross-creek village, 

731 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Washington county, Pennsylvania. Hugh 
Lee emigrated about 1798, from Ireland, 
settling in Washington county, Pennsyl- 
vania, where he purchased two hundred 
acres of land, then known as "Holmes's 
Victory," so named in honor of James 
Holmes who settled it in 1774. Mr. Lee 
married in 1804 and became the father 
of eleven children, five of whom grew to 
maturity, one of them being Mary, men- 
tioned above, and the others two sons, 
Hugh Jr., of Mansfield, Pennsylvania, 
now known as Carnegie, and Major Wil- 
liam, father of Mrs. John McDonald, of 
McDonald, Pennsylvania; Mrs. Jane Lee 
Kess, Mrs. Hannah Lee Duncan, both 
residents of Cross-creek Village. Pennsyl- 
vania. Dr. and M