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Full text of "Encyclopedia of Pennsylvania biography : illustrated"

REYNOLOc; HI-^^TORICAL 
GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 01145 2627 



Encyclopedia of Pennsylvania 



BIOGRAPHY 



BY 

JOHN W. JORDAN, LL.D. 

Librarian Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia; Author of "Colonial Families 

of Philadelphia," "Revolutionary History of Bethlehem," 

and Various other works. 



ILLUSTRATED 



VOLUME VII 



NEW YORK 

LEWIS HISTORICAL PUBLISHING COMPANY 

1916 



1607139 



BIOGRAPHICAL 




-7:2^2^:^ ^2y^/2cC' 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



BUCHANAN, James, 

Diplomat, President. 

James Buchanan, fifteenth President of 
the United States, was born at Cove Gap, 
near Mercersburg, Pennsylvania, April 
23, 1791, second son of James and Eliza- 
beth (Speer) Buchanan. His father, a 
native of County Donegal, Ireland, came 
to America in 1783, was a clerk in Phila- 
delphia, and in 1788 set up in business on 
his own account. His mother was the 
only daughter of James Speer who immi- 
grated to Pennsylvania in 1756. 

James Buchanan attended the schools 
of Mercersburg, and in 1807 entered Dick- 
inson College in the junior class. After 
graduating in 1809 he removed to Lan- 
caster, and was admitted to the bar in 
1812. He was one of the first volunteers 
in the War of 1812, and marched to the 
defence of Baltimore. He was elected a 
member of the House of Representatives 
in the Pennsylvania Legislature, October 
14, 1814, retiring at the end of his second 
term of service with a fixed determina- 
tion to abandon political life and devote 
himself exclusively to the practice of law. 
However, in 1820 he was elected by the 
Federalists a representative to the Seven- 
teenth Congress from Lancaster, York 
and Dauphin counties. In the following 
Congress he spoke twice on the tariff — 
March 23 and April 9, 1824. His views 
on protection were conservative. He 
uttered grave warnings against forming 
alliances with Mexico and the South 
American republics, and insisted on the 
great importance of Cuba, to the United 
States, both commercially and strategic- 
ally. During the canvass of 1828, in 

2239 



which the supporters of the administration 
had taken the name of National Republi- 
cans, and the opposition that of Demo- 
crats, Mr. Buchanan was one of the most 
able and ardent supporters of General 
Jackson, and it was mainly through his 
influence that the twenty-eight electoral 
votes of Pennsylvania were secured for 
him. In 1829 he succeeded Daniel Web- 
ster as head of the judiciary committee of 
the Plouse of Representatives, and in this 
capacity conducted the impeachment trial 
of Judge Peck. In March, 1831, he re- 
tired from Congress, with the avowed in- 
tention of resuming his law practice, but 
in 1832 President Jackson appointed him 
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Pleni- 
potentiary to St. Petersburg, and urged 
his acceptance of the mission so strongly 
that he could not well decline. He sailed 
from New York on April 8, 1832, on 
board the "Silas Richards," and reached 
St. Petersburg the June following. His 
mission was to negotiate the first treaty 
of commerce between Russia and the 
United States, to establish a tariff system, 
and to provide for consuls. He perfected 
himself in the French language, which 
proved of invaluable assistance to him in 
conducting the negotiations. He was 
eventually successful in arranging a com- 
mercial treaty by which important privi- 
leges in the Baltic and the Black seas 
were secured for the United States. He 
began his journey homeward, August 8, 

1833- 

On December 6, 1834, Mr. Buchanan 
was elected United States Senator by the 
Democratic members of the Pennsylvania 
Legislature, to fill the unexpired term of 
Senator Wilkins, resigned, and he took 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



his seat in the Senate on December 15, 
1834. General Jackson was then in the 
second term of his office and Mr. Van 
Buren presided over the Senate. The op- 
position had become consolidated for that 
and classified under the name of the 
Whig party, as substituted for that of 
National Republicans ; there was a third 
party known as the Anti-Masonic party; 
and the Whigs controlled the Senate by 
a two-thirds majority. During the latter 
part of General Jackson's administration 
the subject of slavery began to be agi- 
tated, and numerous petitions were made 
to Congress for its suppression in the 
District of Columbia, among them one 
from the Quakers of Pennsylvania, which 
was presented by Mr. Buchanan. In 1836, 
when Michigan sought admission to the 
Union, Mr. Buchanan spoke in favor of 
admitting the territory as a State, and his 
entire career showed him to be preemi- 
nently a State rights man. He supported 
President Jackson in his financial meas- 
ures, advocated the recognition by Con- 
gress of the independence of Texas, and 
at a later time its annexation. Mr. Bu- 
chanan supported the principal measures 
of the administration of President Van 
Buren, including the establishment of an 
independent treasury. He was reelected 
to the Senate in January, 1837, for a full 
term, being the first United States Sena- 
tor reelected by the Legislature of Penn- 
sylvania. President Van Buren invited 
him to serve as Attorney-General, but he 
declined. In 1842 he opposed the ratifica- 
tion of the treaty between the United 
States and England. In 1843 ^he Legis- 
lature of Pennsylvania reelected him Sen- 
ator for a third term, and in 1844 his poli- 
tical and personal friends were anxious to 
propose him as Democratic candidate for 
the presidency, but he withdrew his name 
in a public letter, and James K. Polk was 
nominated and elected, and Mr. Buchan- 
an accepted the position of Secretary of 



State in his cabinet. Here he had some 
critical questions to adjust, including the 
settlement of the boundary line between 
Oregon and the British possessions, and 
the annexation of Texas, from which 
arose the war with Mexico. When the 
Whigs came into power in 1849, Mr. Bu- 
chanan retired for a time from politics, 
but in 1853, when the Democratic party 
regained its ascendancy. President Pierce 
offered him the position of Minister to 
England, which he accepted. Mr. Bu- 
chanan was the originator and one of the 
three members of the famous Ostend 
Conference that met in 1854 to consider 
the subject of the acquisition of Cuba by 
the LTnited States, and with his colleagues 
maintained that on the principle of self- 
preservation from dangers of the gravest 
kind, armed intervention of the United 
States and the capture of the island from 
the Spaniards would be justifiable. He 
returned to the United States in April, 
1S56, and upon his arrival in New York 
was accorded a public reception. 

Mr. Buchanan was nominated as the 
Democratic candidate for President by 
the Democratic Convention held at Cin- 
cinnati in 1856, and at the election re- 
ceived one hundred and thirty-nine elec- 
toral votes, which made him President of 
the United States. He was inaugurated 
March 4, 1857. The state of the country, 
when his administration was organized, 
was ominous to its peace and welfare. 
The preceding administration had left a 
legacy of trouble in the repeal of the 
Missouri Compromise ; the Kansas-Ne- 
braska act was a bone of contention be- 
tween the two factions of the Democratic 
party; and the bill for an army increase 
was lost. However, there were compen- 
sations. The question of British domin- 
ion in Central America was settled dur- 
ing his administration under his advice 
and approval ; he succeded in compelling 
the English government to recognize the 



2240 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



international law in favor of the freedom 
of the seas ; recommended to Congress 
sending aid to the constitutional party of 
Mexico; instructed the United States 
Minister to Mexico to make a treaty of 
"transit and commerce," and provide for 
a "convention to enforce treaty stipula- 
tions and to maintain order and security 
in the territory of the republics of Mexico 
and the United States." In 1858 Mr. Bu- 
chanan concluded a treaty with China 
which established satisfactory commer- 
cial relations between the two countries. 
On June 22, i860, he vetoed a bill "to 
secure homesteads to actual settlers in 
the public domain, and for other pur- 
poses." In the same year he was author- 
ized by Congress to settle the claims 
against the government of Paraguay by 
sending a commissioner to that country, 
accompanied by a naval force sufficient 
to exact justice should negotiations fail. 

In i860 President Buchanan refused to 
receive the commisioners sent by the 
State of South Carolina to treat with him 
on the subject of secession, emphatically 
denying the right of any State to secede 
from the Union, and holding that the 
only remedy for a dissatisfied State was 
open revolution. He was warned against 
leaving the forts in the South without 
additional garrison forces but, as he had 
publicly denied the right of secession, he 
could not consistently reinforce the forts 
as if he anticipated revolution. He ad- 
hered to his policy of non-action, for 
which he has been greatly censured. 
After the actual secession of South Caro- 
lina, the President's chief aim was to con- 
fine the area of secession, and induce 
Congress to prepare for war. When his 
term of office expired, March 3, 1861, 
seven States had already seceded, and his 
successor. President Lincoln, found him- 
self sadly embarrassed by the apathy of 
Congress in not preparing for the con- 
flict, which could no longer be averted. 

224 



Mr. Buchanan remained in Washington 
until March 9, settling private affairs, and 
then returned to Wheatland, outside of 
the city of Lancaster, Pennsylvania, 
where he had previously acquired a small 
estate. He contiaiued to take a deep in- 
terest in politics, and with his influence 
as a private citizen supported the war 
that was now raging for the maintenance 
of the Union. His declining years were 
saddened by the many calumnies with 
which he was assailed, but he bore all 
with a dignified fortitude, and was willing 
to leave the vindication of his course to 
a future day when perception would not 
be dimmed by sectional feeling. He pub- 
lished "Buchanan's Administration," a 
vindication of the policy of his adminis- 
tion during the last months of his term. 
He died June i, 1868, and his remains 
were laid at rest in Woodward Hill 
Cemetery, near Lancaster, Pennsylvania. 
A simple monument marks his grave, in- 
scribed : "James Buchanan, Fifteenth 
President of the United States, born April 
23, 1791 ; died June i, 1868. 

The death of his sister, Mrs. Lane, in 
1839, left to him the care and education 
of four children, of the youngest of them, 
Harriet, he was especially fond ; she was 
his guest for one year during his term as 
Minister to England, accompanying him 
upon his return voyage to this country, 
and when he became President she be- 
came the mistress of the White House, 
and proved herself admirably qualified to 
make the administration a social success. 



PATTERSON, Robert, 

Soldier of Two Wars. 

General Robert Patterson was born in 
Cappagh, County Tyrone, Ireland, Janu- 
ary 12, 1792. His father immigrated to 
the United States to escape punishment 
for complicity in the Irish rebellion, and 
settled in Delaware covmty, Pennsylvania. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Robert Patterson attended the public 
.schools, and was employed in a Philadel- 
phia counting house. Upon the outbreak 
of the War of 1812 he was commissioned 
first lieutenant of infantry, and toward 
the end of the war served on General 
Joseph Bloomfield's staff. He returned 
to Philadelphia, was married to Sarah 
Ann Engle, and engaged in mercantile 
pursuits and in establishing cotton mills. 
He was a member of the convention that 
met at Harrisburg on March 4, 1824, and 
was Commissioner of Internal Improve- 
ments in Pennsylvania, 1827. In 1836 he 
was the Democratic elector for the First 
Congressional District of Pennsylvania, 
and in 1837 was president of the Electoral 
College that declared Martin Van Buren 
the president elect. He was commission- 
ed major-general of volunteers in 1847, 
and served throughout the war with 
Mexico. He commanded a division at 
the battle of Cerro Gordo, April 17-18, 
1847, l^d the advance brigades in the pur- 
suit, and entered and captured Jalapa. 
He was honorably mentioned in General 
Winfield Scott's reports. 

At the beginning of the war for the 
Union was major-general of the Pennsyl- 
vania militia, and on April 15, 1861, vol- 
unteered for three months' service, was 
mustered in as major-general of volun- 
teers, and was given command of the 
military department composed of the 
states of Pennsylvania, Delaware, Mary- 
land and the District of Columbia. He 
crossed into Virginia, June 15, 1861, at 
Williamsport, and was instructed to 
watch the troops under General Joseph 
E. Johnston at Winchester, Virginia. 
When McDowell was preparing to en- 
gage the enemy at Bull Run, July 21, 
1861, Patterson, not receiving promised 
orders from General Winfield Scott, fail- 
ed to detain Johnston by giving him 
battle, and Johnston marched to the as- 
sistance of Beauregard, Patterson taking 



no part in the battle of Bull Run. He 
was honorably mustered out of service on 
the expiration of his commission, July 27, 
1861, and resumed the charge of his im- 
portant cotton manufactures. He was a 
member of the original board of trustees 
nominated in the charter of Lafayette 
College ; was senior member of the board, 
1826-35; again a trustee, 1874-81, and 
president of the board of trustees, 1876-81. 
He was the author of: "Narrative of the 
Campaign in the Shenandoah" (1865). 
He died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 
August 7, 1881. 



SHARSWOOD, George, 

Jcrist, Professional Antlior. 

George Sharswood was born in Phila- 
delphia, Pennsylvania, July 7, 1810, son 
of George and Flester (Dunn) Sharswood, 
grandson of Captain James and Elizabeth 
(Brebin) Sharswood, and great-great- 
grandson of George Sharswood, who sail- 
ed from England for America in the early 
part of the seventeenth century and set- 
tled in New Haven, Connecticut, where 
he died May i, 1674. Captain Sharswood 
was an officer in the Revolutionary army, 
and became a prominent merchant and 
citizen of public affairs in Philadelphia, 
being a representative in the State Legis- 
lature ; director of the Farmers' and Me- 
chanics' Bank, 1807-25; and member of 
the committee on the yellow fever epi- 
demic of 1793. George Sharswood, Sr., 
died in 1810, before the birth of his son, 
who was brought up and educated by his 
grandfather. 

George Sharswood was graduated with 
honors from the University of Pennsyl- 
vania, A.B., in 1828, A.M., 1831 ; studied 
law with Joseph Rawle Ingersoll, and 
was admitted to the bar, September 5, 
1831. He was a representative in the 
State Legislature, 1837-38 and 1842-43; 
Judge of the District Court of Philadel- 



2242 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



phia, 1845-48; Presiding Judge of the 
District Court, 1848-67; Justice of the Su- 
preme Court of Pennsylvania, 1867-78, 
and Chief Justice, 1878-82. He was Pro- 
fessor of Law at the University of Penn- 
sylvania, 1850-52; Professor of the Insti- 
tutes of Law, 1852-68; a trustee, 1872-83; 
president of the Law Academy of Phila- 
delphia, 1836-38, its vice-president, 1838- 
55, and provost, 1855-83. His "Legal 
Ethics" is required to be read by all ap- 
plicants for admission to the bar of North 
Carolina. He was a trustee of the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, 1872-83; was 
president of the Alumni Society ; presi- 
dent of the Pennsylvania Institution for 
the Deaf and Dumb, 1863-84 ; a member 
of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania 
and the American Philosophical Society 
in 185 1. The honorary degree of LL.D. 
was conferred on him by Columbia Col- 
lege in 1856. He edited "Adams on 
Equity," "Roscoe on Criminal Evidence" 
(1835); "Russell on Crimes" (1836); 
"Byles on Bills" (1856) ; "Starkie on Evi- 
dence" (i860). He is the author of: 
"Legal Ethics" (1854) ; "Popular Lec- 
tures on Common Law" (1856) ; "Lec- 
tures on Commercial Law" (1856), and 
"Sharswood's Blackstone's Commenta- 
ries" (1859). 

He was married to Mary, daughter of 
Dr. William Chesney Chambers, of Phil- 
adelphia, Pennsylvania. He died in Phil- 
adelphia, May 28, 1883. 



GEARY, John White, 

Soldier of Twro Wars. Governor. 

John White Geary was born in Mount 
Pleasant, Westmoreland county, Penn- 
sylvania, December 30, 1819, son of Rich- 
ard and Margaret (White) Geary. His 
father was principal of the academy 
where he was prepared for college. He 
matriculated at Jefiferson College, Can- 
onsburg, Pennsylvania, in 1835, but was 



not graduated, leaving to provide for his 
widowed mother by teaching school. In 
the meantime he studied law and civil 
enginering, and was admitted to the bar. 
He assisted in the survey of the Green 
River railroad and on public works for 
Kentucky, and thus earned sufficient 
money to discharge the debts left by his 
father. In 1846 he joined the volunteer 
army in the Mexican War, having recruit- 
ed the "American Highlanders," and as 
lieutenant-colonel of the Second Pennsyl- 
vania Regiment joined General Scott at 
Vera Cruz and commanded the regiment 
at Chapultepec, where he was wounded, 
and again later in the same day at Belen 
Gate, where he won the approbation of 
the commanding general, and upon the 
fall of the Mexican capital he was made 
the first commander of the conquered city 
and was promoted to colonel of the regi- 
ment. At the close of the war with 
Mexico he went to California, and in 1849 
was made postmaster of San Francisco 
by President Polk, with general super- 
vision of the transportation of mails and 
establishing of post-offices and postal 
routes on the Pacific coast. The people 
elected him alcalde, and on the organiza- 
tion of a municipal government for the 
city of San Francisco he was elected the 
first mayor. He was a delegate to^ the 
State Constitutional Convention and was 
an important factor in securing to the 
new State the exclusion of slavery. He 
returned to his farm in Westmoreland 
county, Pennsylvania, and remained out 
of public life until July, 1856, when Presi- 
dent Pierce made him Governor of the 
Territory of Kansas. He effected peace 
between the rival factions striving to or- 
ganize a State government, and with the 
aid of United States troops convened the 
courts and restored confidence. This po- 
litical movement secured the election of 
Buchanan to the presidency, but when 
Governor Geary undertook the task ot 



2243 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



securing a Free-State constitution for 
Kansas the Democratic party failed to 
support him, and he resigned and left 
Kansas on March 4, 1857, and was suc- 
ceeded by Robert J. Walker, under ap- 
pointment of President Buchanan. 

In April, 1861, at the outbreak of the 
war for the Union, Geary raised a regi- 
ment of fifteen hundred men and report- 
ed for duty to General Banks at Harper's 
Ferry, Virginia. He was wounded at 
Bolivar Heights ; captured Leesburg, 
Virginia, March 8, 1862 ; was made brig- 
adier-general, April 25 ; and was twice 
wounded at the battle of Cedar Mountain, 
August 9. On recovering, he was placed 
in command of the Second Division, 
Twelfth Army Corps, and led the division 
at Chancellorsville and Gettysburg. He 
joined the Army of the Cumberland, was 
at the battles of Wauhatchie and Lookout 
Mountain, and was assigned by General 
Sherman to the command of the Second 
Division of the Twentieth Corps in the 
"March to the Sea." He was made mili- 
tary governor of Savannah on reaching 
the seacoast, December 22, 1864, the 
honor being accorded him for his conduct 
at Fort Jackson and in the capture of 
Savannah, he being the first general 
officer to enter the city. He was bre- 
vetted major-general of volunteers early 
in 1865, on being mustered out of the 
service. He was elected Governor of 
Pennsylvania in 1866, his opponent being 
Hiester Clymer, Democrat, and he was 
reelected in 1869. His administration was 
eminently successful, and on his death, 
eighteen days after the expiration of his 
second term of service, the General As- 
sembly of Pennsylvania began measures 
which led to the erection of a monument 
over his grave at Harrisburg. 

Governor Geary married (first) Mar- 
garet Ann Logan, of Westmoreland 
county, Pennsylvania, who died in 1853. 
Their son, Edward Ratchford, a student 



at Jefferson College, enlisted in the Fed- 
eral army in 1861, and was killed at Look- 
out Mountain, October 28, 1863, after 
fighting at Cedar Mountain, Antietam, 
Chancellorsville and Gettysburg. Govern- 
or Geary married (second) in 1858, Mrs. 
Mary C. Henderson, of Cumberland 
county, Pennsylvania. He died at Ham- 
burg, Pennsylvania, February 8, 1873. 



SCOTT, Thomas Alexander, 

Accomplislied Railroad Manager. 

Thomas Alexander Scott was born in 
London, Franklin county, Pennsylvania, 
December 28, 1824, son of Thomas Scott, 
the keeper of "Tom Scott's Tavern" on 
the old Limestone turnpike from Phila- 
delphia to Pittsburgh. 

He attended the country schools in 
winter, worked on the farm in summer, 
and served as clerk in stores in Waynes- 
boro, Bridgeport, and Mercersburg. He 
was clerk to the toll collector at Columbia 
on the State road, 1841-47; chief clerk to 
the collector of tolls in Philadelphia ; and 
in 1851 entered the employ of the Penn- 
sylvania Railroad Company. He served 
as general superintendent of the Moun- 
tain District, with headquarters at Dun- 
cansville, 1852-57 ; general agent of the 
Pittsburgh office. 1853-55 ; general super- 
intendent of the entire line, as successor 
to General Lombaert, 1855-59; and vice- 
president, 1859-61. He was appointed on 
the staff of Governor Andrew G. Curtin, 
and in 1861, with the aid of United States 
troops, opened the new line of railway 
from Washington to Philadelphia. He 
was commissioned colonel of volunteers. 
May 3, 1861, and was put in control of all 
government railways and telegraphs. He 
was Assistant Secretary of War under 
Secretary Cameron, 1861, and under Sec- 
retary Stanton until May, 1862. In that 
capacity he utilized the transportation of 
the northwest and of the western rivers 



2244 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



for the benefit of the United States army. 
On September 24, 1863, he accepted a 
government commission to repair the rail- 
roads and superintend the transportation 
of the Eleventh and Twelfth Army Corps 
from the east through Nashville to Gen- 
eral Rosecrans at Chattanooga, a most re- 
markable achievement ; and he served as 
assistant quartermaster general on the 
staff of General Hooker. He was chosen 
president of the Western Division of 
the Pennsylvania railroad in 1864, and in 
1871 became president of the Pennsylva- 
nia Company, the agency through which 
the Pennsylvania railroad obtained leases 
of connecting roads to the west and of 
the "Pan-handle Route." He was also 
president of the Union Pacific railroad, 
1871-72, and of the Pennsylvania railroad, 
1874-80, resigning in 1880, on account of 
failing health. He was the founder and 
first president of the Texas Pacific rail- 
road. He died in Darby, Pennsylvania, 
May 21, 1881. 



HARTRANFT, John Frederick, 

Civil War Soldier, Governor. 

General John Frederick Hartranft was 
born in New Hanover, Pennsylvania, De- 
cember 16, 1830, son of Samuel E. and 
Lydia (Bucher) Hartranft. He was a 
student at Marshall College, 1847-49, and 
was graduated at Union College, A.B., in 
1853, A.M., in 1856. Fie was admitted to 
the bar in 1859 and practiced in Norris- 
town, Pennsylvania. 

In April, 1861, he recruited and was 
elected colonel of the Fourth Pennsylva- 
nia Volunteer Regiment, enlisted for 
three months' service, which expired the 
day before the battle of Bull Run, July 
21, 1861. As his regiment had been 
ordered to Harrisburg, he obtained leave 
to serve on the staff of General William 
B. Franklin in that battle, and was mus- 
tered out with his regiment, July 27, 1861. 



He recruited the Fifty-first Pennsylvania 
Volunteer Regiment for the war, and was 
commissioned its colonel, November 16, 
1861. He was in the Burnside expedition 
to North Carolina in 1862, led the attack 
on Roanoke Island, February 7, and in 
the battle of New Berne, March 14. With 
the Army of the Potomac he engaged in 
the second battle of Bull Run, and the 
battle of Chantilly; in the Ninth Corps, 
he took part in the battle of South Moun- 
tain, and at Antietam he led the charge at 
the stone bridge. He commanded his 
regiment at Fredericksburg, then went 
with the Ninth Corps to Kentucky and 
was engaged in the battles of Campbell's 
Station and the defence of Knoxville. His 
part at Vicksburg, where he commanded 
a brigade, was protecting the besieging 
troops from an attack in the rear, and he 
went with Sherman to Jackson, Missis- 
sippi. Being transferred to Grant's army 
in Virginia, he commanded a brigade in 
the battles of the Wilderness and Spott- 
sylvania ; was commissioned brigadier- 
general of volunteers, May 12, 1864; took 
part in the operation before Petersburg; 
was given command of the Third Di- 
vision, Ninth Corps, July 2, 1864; and 
was brevetted major-general of volun- 
teers for his services in the recapture of 
Fort Stedman, March 25, 1865. 

On May i, 1866, General Hartranft was 
elected Auditor-General of Pennsylvania, 
and on August 29, 1866, refused a com- 
mission as colonel in the regular army. 
He was reelected Auditor-General in 
1868, and was Governor of Pennsylvania 
from January 21, 1873, to January 18, 
1879. He removed to Philadelphia in 
1879, was postmaster of the city by ap- 
pointment of President Hayes, 1879-80, 
and collector of the port of Philadelphia 
from August, 1880. He was major-gen- 
eral in command of the Pennsylvania Na- 
tional Guard, 1879-89. An equestrian 
statue in bronze, one and one-half life 



2245 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



size, executed by F. Wellington Ruck- 
stuhl, was placed in front of the capitol 
building, Harrisburg, in 1899. On the 
front of the monument is the inscription : 
"John Frederick Hartranft. The hero of 
Fort Stedman. Born December 16, 1830. 
Died October 17, 1889." On the northern 
side: "Colonel 4th Pennsylvania Infantry, 
April 20, 1861-July 2^, 1861. Colonel 51st 
Pennsylvania Infantry, November 16, 
1861-July 2, 1864. Brigadier-General 
United States Volunteers, May 12, 1864- 
January 15, 1866. Brevetted Major-Gen- 
eral, March 25, 1865." On the southern 
side: Commander 3rd Division, 9th Corps, 
Army of the Potomac, 1864-1865." On 
the rear, "Auditor-General, May i, 1866- 
November 8, 1872. Governor, January 21, 
1873-January 18, 1879." He died in Nor- 
ristown, Pennsylvania, October 17, 1889. 



CAMERON, Simon, 

Cabinet Official, Diplomatist. 

Simon Cameron was born in Donegal, 
Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, March 
8, 1799, son of Charles Cameron, whose 
ancestors of the third generation had im- 
migrated to Pennsylvania from Scotland. 
His father, who was a country tailor, had 
a continual struggle with proverty, and 
at last his failure in business caused a 
dispersion of his family. 

Simon Cameron, then but nine years of 
age, was adopted by a physician, whose 
idea of fitting the boy for a medical career 
determined him at the age of ten years to 
apprentice himself to a printer, and after 
learning the trade he worked as a jour- 
neyman at Lancaster, Pennsylvania, also 
at Harrisburg, and in the government 
printing office at Washington. While 
employed in the office of the Harrisburg 
"Republican" he met Samuel D. Ingham, 
then Secretary of State for Pennsylvania, 
and owner of the Doylestown "Demo- 
crat," which had fallen on evil days. He 



was invited by Mr. Ingham to undertake 
the editorship of the paper, and so clever- 
ly did he fulfill the requirements of the 
position that the journal was shortly re- 
stored to popular favor, and he became a 
popular figure in local political circles. 
In 1821 he purchased the Harrisburg "Re- 
publican," which he renamed the "Intel- 
ligencer." This paper he conducted with 
great ability, and his bold and vigorous 
advocacy of high tariff, and of John C. 
Calhoun as a candidate for the presi- 
dency, commanded the attention of states- 
men and politicians everywhere. With 
increasing fame came increasing profits, 
and he came to have command of suf- 
ficient fimds to enable him to undertake 
large business operations, which soon 
netted him a handsome fortune. He was 
cashier of a bank, president of two rail- 
road companies, and Adjutant-General of 
the State. 

In 1845, upon the resignation of James 
Buchanan as United States Senator, Mr. 
Cameron was elected to fill the unexpired 
term, and acted with the Democratic 
party. He retired from the Senate, March 
3, 1849. In 1854, upon the repeal of the 
Missouri Compromise bill, Mr. Cameron 
left his party and helped to form the 
People's party. In 1857 the new party 
controlled the State Legislature and elect- 
ed Mr. Cameron to the Senate, to succeed 
Richard Brodhead. During his second 
term he took a conspicuous part in the 
discussion of the vital question of the 
hour, and he was so pronounced in his 
advocacy of peace and conciliation that 
his loyality to the Union was at the time 
questioned. He was one of the presiden- 
tial candidates who had a strong support 
in the convention of i860, and he failed 
of securing the nomination of Vice-Presi- 
dent on the ticket with Abraham Lincoln 
through a lack of harmony in the Penn- 
sylvania delegation. Immediately upon 
Mr. Lincoln's election, Mr. Cameron was 



2246 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



called to a place in his cabinet, and, re- 
signing his seat in the Senate, March 4, 
1861, became Secretary of War. After 
the attack upon Fort Sumter, realiz- 
ing that war was inevitable. Secretary 
Cameron advocated strenuous war meas- 
ures, and went so far as to favor a procla- 
mation of emancipation of all slaves who 
would desert their masters and enlist in 
the Union army. In this he stood alone 
among his associates, and, feeling that his 
usefulness would be impaired by their op- 
position, he resigned his portfolio in 
January, 1862, and was at once appointed 
by President Lincoln Minister to Russia. 
In November, 1862, he resigned this 
office as well, but during the short term 
of his occupancy he had succeeded in en- 
listing the friendship oi Russia in the 
Federal cause. He was a delegate to the 
Baltimore Convention of 1864, and to the 
Loyalists' Philadelphia Convention of 
1866, and he was again returned to the 
Senate in 1867, succeeding Edgar Cowan. 
In 1873 he was elected to the Senate for 
the fourth time. Not being in sympathy 
with the civil service policy inaugurated 
by President H^ayes, and feeling inade- 
quate to the undertaking of a conflict of 
such magnitude at his advanced age, he 
resigned his seat in 1877, and his son, 
James Donald Cameron, was at once 
elected his successor. Simon Cameron's 
control oi his party in his own State was 
well-nigh absolute, and his consummate 
ability as a political leader was univer- 
sally acknowledged. He became known 
as the "Czar of Pennsylvania politics." 
He died at his home in Lancaster county, 
Pennsylvania, June 26, 1889. 



STEVENS, Thaddeus, 

Distinguished Statesman. 

Thaddeus Stevens was born in Dan- 
ville, "Vermont, April 4, 1793, son of 
Joshua (a shoemaker) and Sallie Stevens, 



who removed from Methuen, Massachu- 
setts, about 1786, and settled in Danville. 
His father died while Thaddeus was 
a boy, leaving his family in extreme 
poverty. Thaddeus was sickly and un- 
fitted for work, and his mother, notwith- 
standing her poverty, sent him to Pea- 
cham Academy and the University of 
Vermont ; later he entered Dartmouth 
College, from which he was graduated 
in 1 814. He removed to Pennsylvania, 
studied law, supporting himself in the 
meantime by teaching in an academy in 
York, and practiced in Gettysburg. He 
attained high rank as a lawyer, and sup- 
ported the Anti-Masonic party in 1829. 

He was Representative in the Pennsyl- 
vania Legislature, 1833-35 ^^'^ 1837-38; 
and was a member of the State Constitu- 
tional Convention of 1838, but refused to 
affix his name to the proposed constitu- 
tion, objecting to it as constructed on 
partisan lines. He removed to Lancaster 
in 1S42, and practiced law there, 1842-49. 
He was a Whig Representative in the 
Thirty-first and Thirty-second con- 
gresses, 1849-53; ^"d opposed the com- 
promise measures advocated by Henry 
Clay in 1850. He practiced law in Lan- 
caster, 1853-55, and was a Representative 
in the Thirty-sixth, Thirty-seventh, 
Thirty-eighth, Thirty-ninth and Fortieth 
congresses, 1859-68. He was one of the 
foremost advocates of emancipation. As 
chairman of the committee of ways and 
means, on July 7, 1861, in order to provide 
means for carrying on the war for the 
Union, he procured the passage of a bill 
authorizing the Secretary of the Treasury 
to borrow $250,000,000; another to ap- 
propriate $160,000 for the army, and a 
naval appropriation of $30,000,000. He 
also advocated the issue of legal tender 
paper currency, and, in spite of strenuous 
opposition on the part of the Democratic 
members, he saw the bill through the 
House and Senate. On February 22, 



2247 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1868, he proposed that "Andrew Johnson, 
President of the United States, be im- 
peached of high crimes and misdemean- 
ors in office." The resolution of impeach- 
ment was passed, February 22, 1S68, and 
he was made chairman of the committee 
of impeachment. 

The honorary degree of LL.D. was con- 
ferred on him by Jefferson College, Penn- 
sylvania, in 1849, and by the University 
of Vermont in 1867. He died in Wash- 
ington, D. C, August II, 1868, and was 
buried in the humble cemetery at Lan- 
caster. His epitaph, prepared by him- 
self, reads : "I repose in this quiet and 
secluded spot, not from any natural pref- 
erence for solitude, but finding other 
cemeteries limited as to race by charter 
rules, I have chosen this, that I might 
illustrate in my death the principle which 
I advocated through a long life, equality 
of man before his Creator." 



WEST, Benjamin, 

Famous Artist. 

Benjamin West was born in Spring- 
field, Chester county, Pennsylvania, Octo- 
ber 10, 1738, son of John and Sarah (Pear- 
son) West, members of the Society of 
Friends. He acquired a good education, 
and displaying a talent for drawing he 
received aid in pursuing his art studies 
from Samuel Shoemaker and from a Mr. 
Pennington, a well-known merchant of 
Philadelphia. He devoted himself to por- 
trait painting, and it was not until 1759 
that he undertook historical composition. 

His first notable canvas, "The Death of 
Socrates," was painted at the suggestion 
of William Henry, who recognized the 
youth's genius, and read to him Plut- 
arch's account of the philosopher, about 
whom Benjamin West knew nothing. 
This composition attracted the attention 
of the Rev. William Smith, provost of the 
College of Philadelphia, at whose invita- 



tion West went to Philadelphia, where he 
studied classical literature, and under Dr. 
Smith received "such a sketch of the taste 
and character of the spirit of antiquity as 
would have all the effect of the regular 
education requisite to a painter." He 
joined the expedition for the relief of 
General Braddock in 1755, and on his re- 
turn painted in Philadelphia, 1756-58, and 
in New York, 1758-60. He visited Rome, 
Italy, 1760-63, settling in the latter named 
year in London, England. His painting, 
"Agrippina Landing with the Ashes of 
Germanicus," for Dr. Drummond, the 
Archbishop of York, gained for him a 
presentation to King George III, and sub- 
sequent paintings by order of the Crown 
won for him great popularity and favor. 
He was one of the founders of the Royal 
Academy in 1768, and in 1792 succeeded 
Sir Joshua Reynolds as its president, 
which post he held until 1815. He de- 
clined the honor of knighthood tendered 
him about 1792. In 1780 he projected a 
series of pictures on the progress of re- 
vealed religion, to be in four divisions, 
the antediluvian, the patriarchal, the mo 
saical and the prophetical, and to consist 
of thirty-six subjects. Twenty-eight 
paintings were completed, when on the 
illness of the king he was removed from 
the office of painter to the crown, and 
suspended work on the series. He later 
began a new religious series composed 
of: "Christ Healing the Sick" (1802), 
which hangs in the Pennsylvania Hospi- 
tal ; "The Descent of the Holy Ghost on 
Christ at Jordan ;" "The Crucifixion ;" 
"The Ascension ;" "The Inspiration of St. 
Peter;" and "Death on the Pale Horse." 
Among his other important works are: 
"Cimon and Iphigenia ;" "Angelica and 
Medora ;" "The Parting of Hector and 
Andromache ;" "Return of the Prodigal 
Son ;" "The Departure of Regulus from 
Rome ;" "The Death of General Wolfe ;" 
"The Death of Epanminondas ;" "The 



248 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Death of Chevalier Bayard;" "Cyrus Lib- 
erating the Family of the King of Arme- 
nia;" "Segestes and his Daughter before 
Germanicus;" "Edward III. Embracing 
his Son on the Field of Battle at Cressy ;" 
"The Installation of the Order of the 
Garter;" "The Black Prince Receiving 
the King of France and his Son;" "Pris- 
oners at Poictiers ;" "St. George and the 
Dragon;" "Queen Phillippa Interceding 
with Edward for the Burgesses of Ca- 
lais ;" "King Edward Forcing the Pass- 
age of the Somme ;" "King Edward 
Crowning Sir Eustace de Ribaumont;" 
'"The Treaty of Penn ;" "Battle of La 
Hogue;" "Christ Rejected;" and many 
illustrations of Shakespearian scenes. 

His portrait was painted by George FI. 
Harlow and by Sir Thomas Lawrence, 
and a copy of the latter by Charles R. 
Leslie, and a portrait by Washington AU- 
ston, are owned by the Boston Athe- 
naeum. He died in London, March ii, 
1820, and was buried in St. Paul's Cathe- 
dral. A commemorative tablet was un- 
veiled at his birthplace, known as the 
"West House," in Swarthmore, Pennsyl- 
vania, in June, 1898. He married, in 
London, England, in 1765, Elizabeth 
Shewell. 



GIRARD, Stephen, 

Philanthropist. 

Stephen Girard was born in France, 
near Bordeaux, May 20, 1750, eldest son 
of Pierre and Anne Maria (Lafargue) 
Girard. His father was an officer in the 
navy of France, and in 1744 was knighted 
by Louis XIV. for bravery at Brest, when 
France and England were at war. 

When about fourteen, Stephen Girard 
rebelled at the authority of a stepmother, 
and with 16,000 livres in his pocket was 
placed as cabin-boy on a merchant ship 
making voyages to the West Indies. He 
was promoted to lieutenant and finally 



made master of a small vessel trading 
with New Orleans, of which he soon be- 
came part owner. He made his residence 
in Philadelphia in 1776, when the war 
with Great Britain put a stop to his busi- 
ness, and he opened a grocery store and 
liquor business, his customers being 
largely Continental soldiers. He became 
a citizen of the Republic, taking the oath 
of allegiance, October 27, 1778. In 1780 
he resumed trade with the West Indies. 
He obtained $50,000 deposited on his 
ships by Haytian planters for safekeep- 
ing during the insurrection on the island, 
the owners and their families being vic- 
tims to the wholesale massacre. He in- 
vested in real estate leases, in the stock 
of the Bank of the United States, in the 
bank building, and in the banking busi- 
ness as successor to the government. He 
advanced large sums to the government 
for the purposes of carrying on the War 
of 1812, and to pay interest on the war 
debt amounting to $5,000,000. When the 
new Bank of the United States was 
established, in 1816, he became a director 
and its practical manager. At the time of 
his death his property was estimated at 
$9,000,000, which entire sum was left to 
public benefactions in Philadelphia and 
New Orleans. He gave to the city of 
Philadelphia thousands of dollars for 
public improvements, and supported 
charities and Christian churches, not- 
withstanding his avowed atheism. In the 
yellow fever epidemic of 1793 he was un- 
tiring in his personal care of the sufiferers 
and after helping to organize the Bush 
Hill Hospital he was its acting superin- 
tendent for sixty days until a suitable 
manager could be obtained, and he liber- 
ally helped to support the families of the 
fever victims. His will is a most busi- 
nesslike document, and contains the mi- 
nutest directions for the disposal of his 
vast estate. His provision for expending 
$2,000,000 for the erection of a college 



2249 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



building for white male orphans, in which 
no ecclesiastic, missionary or minister of 
any sect whatever is to be employed or 
even admitted to the premises as a visitor, 
was explained by the benefactor as limi- 
tations "to keep the tender minds of the 
orphans, who are to derive advantages 
from this bequest, free from the excite- 
ment which clashing doctrine and sec- 
tarian controversy are so apt to produce," 
awaiting the period of active life tO' de- 
termine "such religious tenets as their 
matured reason may enable them to pre- 
fer." The Girard estate, as left in trust 
to the city of Philadelphia, was placed 
under the management of the board of 
directors of city trusts of the city of Phil- 
adelphia, and the estate continued to pro- 
duce under this management a net annual 
income which supported the college and 
various hospitals and other institutions 
provided for in the will. See "Annual 
Reports of the Board of Directors, &c.," 
"Life of Stephen Girard," by Stephen 
Simpson (1832), and "Girard College and 
its Founder," by Henry W. Avery (i860). 
On May 20, 1897, the board of directors 
of city trusts of Philadelphia unveiled on 
the west plaza of the city hall a statue of 
the illustrious benefactor, Stephen Girard, 
of heroic size, and on January 3, 1898, 
the semi-centennial of the college was 
celebrated, the exercises including an ora- 
tion by Thomas B. Reed, speaker of the 
United States House of Representatives. 
Mr. Girard was married in St. Paul's 
(Episcopal) Church, June 6, 1777, to 
Mary Lumm, daughter of a shipbuilder 
of Philadelphia. His wife showed signs 
of mental derangement in 1785, and was 
placed in a Pennsylvania hospital, while 
Mr. Girard went to the Mediterranean. 
She again entered the hospital in 1790, 
and while there in 1791 their only child 
was born and soon after died. She died 
in 1815, and Mr. Girard never remarried. 
He died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 



December 26, 1831. He was baptized and 
confirmed a Roman Catholic and was 
buried in the graveyard of Holy Trinity 
(Roman Catholic) Church, Philadelphia, 
by simple Quaker rites. 



SMITH, Lee S., 

Business Man, Distingnished Mason. 

Few successful business men, even in 
Pittsburgh, have as wide and varied a 
range of interests as Lee S. Smith, presi- 
dent of the Lee S. Smith & Son Company. 
Mr. Smith has been officially connected 
with other important enterprises and is 
notably distinguished as a representative 
of the Masonic order. 

Lee S. Smith was born April 24, 1844, 
in Cadiz, Ohio, and is a son of the Rever- 
end Wesley and Mary Eliza (Ford) 
Smith, and a brother of the late Bishop 
Charles W. Smith. Lee S. Smith receiv- 
ed a public school education and after- 
ward studied dentistry in Pittsburgh, 
graduating in 1864. Not immediately did 
the young man enter upon the practice of 
his profession. The call to arms sounded 
in his ears more loudly than the appeal 
of his chosen work, and in the spring of 
1864 he enlisted in the First Battalion, 
Pennsylvania Artillery, later joining the 
loist Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry, 
with the rank of sergeant. At the close 
of the war Mr. Smith did not lose his in- 
terest in military matters, but aided in re- 
establishing the National Guard of Penn- 
sylvania. He was made adjutant-general 
with the rank of major, in the Second 
Brigade, National Guard, being afterward 
elected major of the Fourteenth Brigade, 
Pennsylvania Infantry. 

In January, 1866, Major Smith or- 
ganized the firm of Lee S. Smith, dealer 
in dentists' supplies, his establishment 
being situated on Fourth and Market 
streets, Pittsburgh. He proved himself 
possessed of fine judgment and much ex- 



2250 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ecutive ability, building up a large busi- 
ness, and not only doing that, but also 
creating a demand for his stock, being a 
pioneer in this field. In the course of 
time the concern underwent various 
changes, and in 1890 W. Linford Smith, 
Mr. Smith's son, became associated with 
the business. Mr. Smith is now president 
of the Lee S. Smith & Son Company, his 
son being vice-president. 

In 1908 and '09 Mr. Smith was presi- 
dent of the Pittsburgh Chamber of Com- 
merce, and is now a director. He is a 
Republican, and while living at West 
Bellevue was a member of its council, but 
has never yielded to entreaties to accept 
office in Pittsburgh. He has taken an ac- 
tive part in civic work, is well known as 
a lecturer and has made several trips 
around the world. He is a member ot 
Christ Methodist Episcopal Church, in 
which he has served for years as trustee 
and superintendent of the Sunday school. 
In 1866 Mr. Smith was initiated in the 
Masonic fraternity, and he is now past 
master of Franklin Lodge, No. 221, Free 
and Accepted Masons ; member of Du- 
quesne Chapter, Royal Arch Masons ; past 
commander of Allegheny Commandery, 
No. 35, Knights Templar; past grand 
commander of the Grand Commandery of 
Pennsylvania, and deputy grand master 
of the Grand Encampment of the United 
States. He is past commander-in-chief of 
the Pennsylvania Consistory, and in 1890 
received the thirty-third degree. In De- 
cember, 1914, he succeeded automatically, 
by the death of Colonel Arthur Mac- 
Arthur, in Troy, New York, to the office 
of grand master of the Grand Encamp- 
ment of Knights Templar, thus becoming 
the head of the Knights Templar in the 
United States. This has thus far been the 
crowning honor of Mr. Smith's long and 
illustrious career in Masonry. 

The personality of the man is distinc- 
tive, and his appearance no less so. White 



hair and moustache are the only indica- 
tions of advancing years, for the face ex- 
presses all the animation of youth com- 
bined with the strength of character and 
steadiness of purpose which we associate 
with full maturity. His manners are 
dignified and genial and the number of 
his friends would defy computation. 

Mr. Smith married (first) October 18, 
1868, Agnes, daughter of Captain John 
and iMary Wolf, of Allegheny, now North 
Side, Pittsburgh, and they became the 
parents of one son : W. Linford, who was 
educated at Chester Military Academy 
and Allegheny College, and married 
Louise Allen, of Corry, Pennsylvania. 
They have two children, Lynn Allen and 
Agnes Louise. October 16, 1905, Mrs. 
Lee S. Smith passed away, and on De- 
cember 5, 1912, Mr. Smith married (sec- 
ond) Mrs. Mary C. (Ashworth) Apple- 
gate, of Glen Osborne. Mrs. Smith, who 
was the widow of Samuel C. Applegate, 
has two sons by her former marriage : 
Robert Ashworth and George Gorman 
Applegate. 

Mr. Smith, who is devoted to the ties 
of home and kindred, has been, since the 
death of his brother. Bishop Smith (who 
officiated at his second marriage), the 
eldest of his family. His senior was 
Mrs. Olivia J. Norcross, who died in De- 
cember, 1915, wife of Dr. H. Norcross, 
while those younger than himself are the 
Reverend Homer J. Smith, of Wyoming. 
Delaware; Mrs. Sarah Elizabeth Lewis, 
wife of W. A. Lewis, a Pittsburgh lawyer ; 
and Mrs. Mary Virginia HoUister, widow 
of J. J. Hollister, of Pleasantville, Iowa. 
Mrs. Hollister has two children. 

Often do we hear it said of a man that 
he has "a well-rounded career." Not in- 
frequently this is a mere phrase, but in the 
case of Lee S. Smith it is most emphatic- 
ally true. As citizen and man of aflfairs 
Mr. Smith has touched life at many points 
and has "touched nothing that he did not 
adorn." 



2251 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



McCORMICK, John Shoenberger, 

Successful Business Man. 

The city of Pittsburgh, possessed of 
great manufacturing plants, and uuhiait- 
ed opportunities, has formed the back- 
ground for the Hfe-work of many clear- 
thinking and far-sighted men. All men 
are not successful in business no matter ■ 
how great their advantages may be. But 
the man who can forsee the possibilities 
of a business enterprise, and can make 
those possibilities grow and expand into 
realities is the man that every city is 
fortunate to count among its own. Such 
a man is John Shoenberger AlcCormick, 
who claims Pittsburgh as his home city 
by right of birth. He is the only son of 
the late David Cummings and Cecelia 
(Grant) McCormick. As a boy John 
S. McCormick attended the Pittsburgh 
public schools, later completing his edu- 
cation at Western University of Pennsyl- 
vania (now University of Pittsburgh) 
and at Media, Pennsylvania, where he re- 
mained two years. He then entered the 
employ of the Pittsburgh & Lake Erie 
Railroad, remaining with that company 
three years. While still a young man he 
formed, with Robert Anderson, the firm 
of Anderson & McCormick, which suc- 
ceeded Robert Wightman in the manu- 
facture of foundry equipment and sup- 
plies. The firm of Anderson & McCor- 
mick continued for five years, when Mr. 
McCormick took over the entire business, 
the firm becoming J. S. McCormick & 
Company, and in 1903 the business was 
incorporated under the firm name of The 
J. S. McCormick Company, and the 
present plant, which has been greatly 
enlarged, is situated on Twenty-fifth and 
Railroad streets, Pittsburgh, and the busi- 
ness has grown to large proportions. 

In the exhibits of foundry products, 
held in various cities by the Foundry and 
Machine Exhibition Company, to ac- 



quaint the public with their uses, no one 
can be said to take a greater or more 
helpful interest than Mr. McCormick. He 
is also connected with various other con- 
cerns and associations, among them the 
Central Trust Company, of which he is 
vice-president. Although never an office- 
seeker, Mr. McCormick is a staunch ad- 
herent of the principles of the Republican 
party. He attends the Episcopal church. 
Although clearly a business man, Mr. 
McCormick has found time to become a 
member of the Duquesne Club and the 
Pittsburgh Athletic Association. Frater- 
nally he is identified with the Masons, 
having attained to the thirty-second de- 
gree. 

On August 23, 1906, Mr. McCormick 
married Catherine, daughter of C. L. 
Conkling, of Springfield, Illinois. Mrs. 
McCormick is active socially and in club 
life, and is a member of the Pittsburgh 
Chapter of the Daughters of the Ameri- 
can Revolution. Mr. and Mrs. McCor- 
mick have one child, a daughter named 
Cecelia. 

Much honor is heaped upon the achieve- 
ments of the men of the past. In the 
present, when things are constantly being 
done, people never look for honor, they 
search rather among the records of the 
past. Were they to look in their own 
age, they would find men who are ex- 
amples of achievement fit to rank with 
those who have gone before. 



McKEE, Frederick W., 

Lawyer, Enterprising Citizen. 

In the death of Frederick W. McKee, 
the city of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, sus- 
tained a loss which cannot easily be over- 
estimated. He was a man of versatility, 
and the field of endeavor to which he di- 
rected his energy was benefited thereby. 
In law, as in industrial and civic matters, 
he held a prominent place, and his coun- 



2252 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



sel was sought by those many years his 
superior in point of age. He was de- 
scended from one of the oldest families 
in Pittsburgh, his grandfather, Thomas 
McKee, who was born September 13, 
1800, and died June 2, 1864, was in the 
glass manufacturing business, and his 
father, also named Frederick, who was 
born August 2, 1827, and died March 21, 
1865, was one of the founders of the firm 
of McKee & Brothers — one of the pioneer 
glass manufacturing firms of Pittsburgh. 
Fie married Melissa Patterson Stewart, 
daughter of William Stewart, who was 
born July 2, 1837, and died July 5, 1905. 
William Stewart, grandfather of Fred- 
erick W. McKee, was one of the first 
manufacturers of charcoal iron in that 
section of the country, and in the furnaces 
on the Winfield estate manufactured pig 
iron for some of the cannon used by the 
government during the Civil War. 

Frederick W. McKee was born in Pitts- 
burgh, in 1858, and died in the same city, 
March 22, 1912. Educated in the public 
schools of his native city, he was graduated 
from them and then became a student at 
the Western University of Pennsylvania, 
now the University of Pittsburgh, being 
graduated a member of the class of 1878. 
The study of law had always had a cer- 
tain fascination for him, and he com- 
menced reading for admission to the bar 
in the office of George Shiras, Jr., and 
followed up this study at the Law School 
of Harvard University, from which he 
was graduated with the degree of Bache- 
lor of Laws. For some years he was en- 
gaged in legal practice in the courts of 
Allegheny county, Pennsylvania, and had 
obtained a reasonably large clientele and 
a profitable one, but other business in- 
terests demanded more and more of his 
time, and he gradually dropped his legal 
work. Before his marriage in 1890 he 
was a member of the Select Council of 
Pittsburgh, and was interested in politi- 



cal reforms. For a number of years prior 
to his death he spent a large portion of 
his time in developing the large estate he 
owned in Winfield township, Butler 
county, Pennsylvania, where he founded 
the town of West Winfield, Butler county, 
Pennsylvania. In addition to this he or- 
ganized a number of business enterprises, 
in all of which his energy and progressive 
and original ideas were of incalculable 
benefit. Among these ventures may be 
mentioned: The Winfield Mineral Com- 
pany ; the Winfield Sand Company ; the 
Winfield Railroad Company ; and the 
Pennsylvania Clay Products Company. 
He was a devout member of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal church, being for many 
years trustee of the Emory Methodist 
Episcopal Church, and later connected 
with Christ Methodist Episcopal Church. 
Mr. McKee married, in 1890, Bertha F. 
Chadwick, daughter of Samuel Chadwick, 
one of the pioneers of the East End. She 
is a woman of character, and was a fitting 
helpmate to her talented husband in 
every phase of life. Their children are: 
Frederick C, formerly a student at Prince- 
ton University, and now at the head of 
his father's enterprises; Herbert W. ; 
Wallace B. ; and Mary S., the only daugh- 
ter. Mrs. William E. Carnahan is a sister. 
The family have for many years occupied 
a position of prominence in the social life 
of Pittsburgh, to which their many ad- 
mirable traits very justly entitled them. 
The strong personality of Mr. McKee 
was an important factor in the influence 
which he exerted in all matters with 
which he was connected. While he was 
quiet and unostentatious in public as in 
private life, his mind was ever at work 
with some plan for the betterment of 
social conditions, or advancement of the 
financial or industrial interests of his sec- 
tion. In addition to devoting himself to 
the proper conduct of the weighty affairs 
with which he was personally connected. 



PA-Vol VII-2 



2253 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



he was frequently called upon to counsel 
those engaged in other undertakings, and 
who had strong reason to have faith in 
the wisdom of his judgment. He had a 
large circle of friends and his death left a 
void not easily filled. 



KENNEDY, Julian, 

Steel and Iron Master, Inventor. 

The brain-power of Pittsburgh is the 
primary source of her material magnifi- 
cence, and, as has been aptly said, "The 
typical Pittsburgh brain is at its best in 
Julian Kennedy," the world-famous me- 
chanical engineer and metallurgical ex- 
pert. Mr. Kennedy has been for a third 
of a century a resident of the Iron City, 
and, despite his international reputation, 
she proudly claims him as her own. 

Julian Kennedy was born March 15, 
1852, in Poland township, Mahoning 
county, Ohio, and is the eldest of the 
seven sons of Thomas Walker and Mar- 
garet (Tuesdale) Kennedy. The mechan- 
ical genius of Julian Kennedy was inherit- 
ed from his father, who was a construc- 
tive engineer of the very first rank. He 
was the greatest designer and builder of 
blast furnaces of his day, and many of 
his inventions and improvements are now 
in general use and have been of incalcul- 
able benefit to the manufacturing world. 
His death occurred July 4, 1896. 

The preparatory education of Julian 
Kennedy was received in the common 
schools of his native county, and at the 
age of seventeen he graduated from Union 
Seminary, Poland, Ohio. For a few years 
thereafter he was employed by the Stru- 
thers Iron Company, on the Mahoning 
river, a short distance below Youngstown, 
Ohio, filling successively the positions of 
draftsman, engineer for blowing engines 
and other steam machinery and shipping 
clerk. At the age of twenty, having gain- 
ed considerable experience in applied me- 



chanics, he entered the Sheffield Scientific 
School of Yale University, graduating in 
1875. In 190D this school conferred upon 
him the degree of Master of Arts. At 
Yale Mr. Kennedy studied civil engineer- 
ing and chemistry, in the latter branch 
completing the two years' course in one 
year. During 1875 and 1876 he was an 
instructor in physics, and while teaching 
pursued a post-graduate course in chem- 
istry of iron and steel, and a special 
course in higher mathematics and as- 
tronomy. He had charge of the Physical 
Laboratory, and delivered a course of il- 
lustrated lectures on physics and me- 
chanics before the students of the several 
schools in New Haven. 

During his career at Yale, busy as he 
was both as student and instructor, Mr. 
Kennedy was an enthusiast in athletics. 
His specialty was rowing, and he was a 
member of the university crews from 
1873, when Yale won over thirteen col- 
lege crews at Springfield, Massachusetts, 
to 1876, when he rowed in the first eight- 
oared race against Harvard. In 1875 he 
won the inter-collegiate championship for 
single sculls at Saratoga Lake, and was 
a winner in fourteen of the eighteen im- 
portant races. He was stroke of the Yale 
four-oared crew at the Centennial Regatta 
in 1876, when his university won the in- 
ter-collegiate championship. The same 
year Mr. Kennedy and James Riley, of 
Saratoga, won the pair-oared raced at 
Greenwood Lake, over Eustis and Downs, 
of the Atlantic Rowing Club of New 
York, and Smith and Eldred of the Argo- 
naut Club of New York. He also at that 
time won the amateur single-scull race. 

After leaving Yale, Mr. Kennedy was 
for one year superintendent of the blast 
furnaces of the Briar Hill Iron Company 
at Youngstown, Ohio. During the fol- 
lowing year he held the same position 
with the Struthers Iron Company, and 
during a third was superintendent of the 



2254 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Morse Bridge Works at Youngstown. In 
1879 he entered the service of Carnegie 
Brothers & Company, becoming superin- 
tendent of the blast furnaces of the Edgar 
Thomson Steel Works at Braddock, 
Pennsylvania. He filled this position 
until 1883, and was then for two years in 
the service of the allied firm of Car- 
negie, Phipps & Company, as superin- 
tendent of the Lucy furnaces in Pitts- 
burgh. From 1885 to 1888 he was general 
superintendent of Carnegie, Phipps & 
Company, with headquarters at Home- 
stead. In all these positions Mr. Ken- 
ney's services were of the greatest value, 
not only by reason of his skillful manage- 
ment, but because he continually gave his 
attention to the making of improvements 
tending to greater ease and economy of 
production and to the increase of quality 
and volume of output. He had charge of 
both operation and construction, and dur- 
ing his connection with the Edgar Thom- 
son and Lucy furnaces they held the 
world's record for output of pig iron. 

In 1888 Mr. Kennedy became chief en- 
gineer and constructor of works of the 
Latrobe Steel Company at Latrobe, Penn- 
sylvania. In 1890 he ceased to maintain 
exclusive connection with manufacturing 
concerns, and opened an office in Pitts- 
burgh as a general consulting and con- 
tracting engineer. He has since had 
charge of the construction and equipment 
of steel works for nearly all the large 
companies of the United States, and has 
done much engineering work in England, 
Germany, Austria and Russia. In this 
special branch, in connection with great 
manufacturing plants, Mr. Kennedy 
stands easily at the head of his profession 
in the United States. As an inventor of 
improvements in the manufacture of iron 
and steel he has taken out a large number 
of patents, all of which are in successful 
use. He has been employed in various 
consulting capacities in connection with 



large municipal works, and has frequently 
acted as expert in important patent litiga- 
tion. Prominent among his inventions are 
improvements on hot-blast stoves, blast- 
furnace filling devices, improvements in 
blowing engines, blooming mills and 
special machinery for hammering and 
rolling locomotive tires and an improved 
process of making rails — all valuable in- 
ventions which are now very largely in 
use in many works. 

Intensely public-spirited, Mr. Kennedy 
is prominently identified with the indus- 
trial, financial, civic and religious in- 
terests of Pittsburgh. He is widely but 
unostentatiously charitable, and his in- 
fluence is always given to everything that 
makes for culture and for improvement 
along lines of art. He is a member of the 
First Unitarian Church of Pittsburgh. 

Mr. Kennedy is president and director 
of the American Casting Machine Com- 
pany, the Emerald Coal and Coke Com- 
pany, the Orient Coal and Coke Company, 
the Polant Coal Company, and is a mem- 
ber of the Pittsburgh Chamber of Com- 
merce. He is a member of the American 
Institute of Mechanical Engineers, the 
American Institute of Mining Engineers, 
the British Iron and Steel Institute, the 
Engineers' Society of Western Pennsyl- 
vania, the Pittsburgh Academy of Science 
and Art, the Pittsburgh Athletic Associa- 
tion, the Automobile, Country, Univer- 
sity and Golf clubs of Pittsburgh, and the 
LTniversity and Engineers' clubs of New 
York City. 

Mr. Kennedy married, in 1878, Jennie 
E., daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth 
(Lynn) Brenneman, of Poland township. 
Mahoning county, Ohio, and they are the 
parents of the following children : Lucy 
B., graduate of Vassar, wife of John O. 
Miller; Joseph W., who graduated from 
Yale, Ph.B., and is associated in business 
with his father; Eliza Jane, graduate of 
Vassar, wife of R. Templeton Smith, and 
55 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



popular in Pittsburgh social circles; Juli- 
an, graduated from Yale, Ph.B., connect- 
ed with the Coal & Coke Company ; and 
Thomas W., student of Cornell. By his 
marriage, Mr. Kennedy gained the life 
companionship of a charming and con- 
genial woman. Mrs. Kennedy is a mem- 
ber of the Civic Club of Allegheny 
County, the Tuesday Musical Club and 
the Twentieth Century Club, and, as one 
of the city's leading Suffragists, was one 
of the founders of the Equal Franchise 
Federation of Pittsburgh. Mr. Kennedy 
is devoted to the ties of family and friend- 
ship and his beautiful residence in the 
East End is a centre of hospitality and a 
scene of much entertaining as is also 
the lovely summer home of the family, 
"Crusoe Island," Muskoka Lake, Canada. 
Julian Kennedy is one of the men who 
do the large things of life. He has always 
been too busy to talk about what he was 
doing, but his results speak for him with 
an eloquence to which the world listens. 



REA, Henry R., 

Man of Large Affairs. 

Among those Pittsburgh business men 
who are still actively influential in the 
community is Henry Robinson Rea, for 
the space of a quarter of a century offici- 
ally associated with various industrial or- 
ganizations of the metropolis. Mr. Rea 
is descended from ancestors distinguished 
in the Colonial and Revolutionary periods 
of our history and conspicuously identi- 
fied with the development of the most 
vital interests of Pennsylvania. 

Henry Robinson Rea was born May 29, 
1863, in Pittsburgh, and is a son of the 
late William and Matilda Anne (Robin- 
son) Rea. A biography and portrait of 
Mr. Rea, with ancestral record, appear 
elsewhere in this work. Henry Robinson 
Rea received his preparatory education in 
private schools of his native city, and in 



the Western University of Pennsylvania, 
now the University of Pittsburgh. He 
graduated in the class of 1884 at the 
Stevens Institute of Technology, taking 
the degree of Mechanical Engineer, and 
then completed his education at the Uni- 
versity of Gottingen, Germany. 

On returning home, Mr. Rea associated 
himself with the engineering department 
of the Robinson-Rea Manufacturing Com- 
pany, and in the course of time became 
vice-president, an office which he retained 
until the concern was merged in the 
Mesta Machine Company. Mr. Rea's 
time and attention is now given to the 
corporations in which he is largely in- 
terested, and to the estate of his father- 
in-law, the late Henry W. Oliver, of 
which he is trustee. 

The organizations with which Mr. Rea 
is connected as director, are the Mellon 
National Bank, the Monongahela River 
Consolidated Coal and Coke Company, 
the New York and Cleveland Gas Coal 
Company, the Oliver Iron and Steel Com- 
pany, the Oliver and Snyder Steel Com- 
pany, the Pittsburgh Coal Comany, the 
Safe Deposit and Trust Company, the 
Union Savings Bank, the Union Trust 
Company, the Calumet and Arizona Min- 
ing Company, the Superior Pitts Mining 
Company and the New Cornelia Mining 
Company. He is trustee of the People's 
Savings Bank, and president of The Mor- 
ris County Traction Company and Morris 
Railroad Company, both of New Jersey. 

In all that concerns the welfare of 
Pittsburgh he ever manifests a ready and 
helpful interest. He belongs to the board 
of directors of the Allegheny General 
Hospital. His clubs include the Pitts- 
burgh, of which he is president ; the Alle- 
gheny Country, of which he is vice-presi- 
dent; the Pittsburgh Golf, the Duquesne 
and Oakmont Country. He is a life mem- 
ber of the Pittsburgh Athletic Associa- 
tion, and belongs to the University, the 



2256 



^- 




c/i24<^/^^<^^^<^ 



Zeti/is /Tfs/arical fi/i. Ca. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Racquet and Tennis and the Brook Clubs, 
all of New York. 

Mr. Rea married, April 23, 1889, Edith, 
daughter of the late Henry W. and Edith 
(Cassidy) Oliver. A biography and pro- 
trait of Mr. Oliver appear elsewhere in 
this work. Mr. and Mrs. Rea are the par- 
ents of two children: Edith Ann; and 
Henry Oliver, who is now taking an aca- 
demic course at Yale University. 



PALMER, Henry W., 

liavryeT, liCgislator, Hmaanitarian. 

The death of Henry W. Palmer, famili- 
arly known as General Palmer, deprived 
Wilkes-Barre of one of its most distin- 
guished citizens. For over half a century 
he rendered note-worthy service in of- 
ficial, professional, and private life, and 
although his years were far beyond man's 
allotted span his taking away was severe- 
ly felt, causing poignant grief among 
those who were intimately associated 
with him and who had learned to appreci- 
ate his worth and to know his power for 
good in the community that delighted to 
honor him. He was a man of brains, 
great natural ability, keen insight, and 
sound judgment, possessed strong con- 
victions and the courage always to up- 
hold them, and never sacrificed principle 
for expediency, a rare trait that explains 
the high service he was able to render his 
clients and his State. For fifty-two years 
he continued his law practice in Wilkes- 
Barre, the eighteen months he spent in 
army service only preventing his service 
from being continuous He was Wilkes- 
Barre's foremost lawyer, and was with- 
out a peer in valuable service in north- 
eastern Pennsylvania. He early won 
leadership at the bar, and held it until 
health and strength failed him, recog- 
nized as a leader at home, and frequently 
consulted by leading professional lights 
of Philadelphia and Pittsburgh when im- 



portant issues were at stake. Said one of 
the greatest of his legal State contempo- 
raries : "General Palmer is a great lawyer, 
and those in his class can be counted 
upon the fingers of one hand." 

It was as Attorney-General under 
Governor Hoyt that he first came into the 
public eye of the State, but his service in 
that high place was not more valuable 
than that in the Constitutional Conven- 
tion, where he was a leader among the 
eminently talented men of Pennsylvania 
comprising that body, of which his honor- 
ed father was also a member. As citizen 
and congressman he was always the 
champion of every worthy cause needing 
an advocate. He knew no middle ground, 
never hesitating to denounce that which 
he deemed wrong, nor to support that 
which he considered right. He would not 
compromise with wrong, let the result 
afifect his political or professional career 
as it might. He had the distinction of 
representing Luzerne county in Congress 
longer than any other man elected from 
the district, serving through four terms, 
1900 to 1908. Although advanced in 
years upon taking his seat among the^ 
great men of the nation, he so impressed 
himself upon the leaders that high honors 
and responsibilities were accorded him 
greater than many men receive in a much 
longer term of service. President Roose- 
velt appointed him a delegate to the Con- 
gress of Lawyers and Jurists in 1904, and 
in 1905 he was a delegate to the Inter- 
Parliamentary Union held at Brussels. 
During the Fifty-eighth Congress he was 
a member of the sub-committee appointed 
by the chairman of the committee on 
judiciary to take testimony in the im- 
peachment proceedings begun against 
Charles Swayne, United States Judge for 
the Northern District of Florida. After 
the conclusion of the trial, in which Gen- 
eral Palmer took a leading part in favor 
of impeachment, the following resolution 



2257 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



was agreed to by the House of Represen- 
tatives : "Resolved, that the thanks of the 
House be and hereby are extended to the 
managers on behalf of the House in 
the impeachment proceedings of Judge 
Charles Swayne before the Senate of the 
United States, to wit : Henry W. Palmer, 
Samuel L. Powers, Marlin E. Olmstead, 
James B. Perkins, David A. De Ormond, 
Plenry D. Clayton, and David H. Smith, 
for the able and efficient manner in which 
they discharged the onerous and respon- 
sible duties imposed upon them." 

The confidence reposed in General Pal- 
mer was fully merited, for his integrit}' 
of purpose was never questioned. He 
faithfully and conscientiously served his 
clients, his city, his State, and his country, 
no personal ambition ever marring his 
record. By his splendid ability and force 
of character he won distinction as a 
lawyer, statesman, and citizen. His 
knowledge of the law was broad and 
deep, and he was in the forefront of all 
important litigation coming before the 
Luzerne courts. He had the great gift of 
attracting close attention to his every 
word while in argument. He clothed and 
clearly expressed his ideas in the fewest 
possible words, developing the legal ques- 
tion involved and the facts of a case in 
the briefest manner and following with 
argument lucid, incisive, and persuasive. 
He cast aside all side issues, made 
straight for the important principles in- 
volved, and then fought his case out 
along that line with all his tremendous 
vigor and intellect. As Attorney-General 
of the State of Pennsylvania he rendered 
valuable service to the State, displaying 
a courage in pressing suits against great 
corporations supposed to have a strangle 
hold upon the political righteousness of 
the State that brought victory to the 
people and fame to the Attorney-General. 
As congressman he reached a high plane 
of usefulness to the country at large. No 



man could have been better equipped for 
forensic strife than General Palmer. He 
possessed great good humor, wit in 
abundance, and learning gained from col- 
lege course, wide comprehensive reading, 
and large experience, all graced with elo- 
quence, the offspring of a glowing mind, 
always at his command when needed, and 
powers of sarcasm unsurpassed. Physi- 
cally, nature was equally lavish with her 
gifts. Of fine physical proportions, erect 
in stature, with well-set head, his manly 
beauty bespoke the spirit within him. His 
good humor, ready wit, and extensive 
information concerning men and affairs 
made him at all time a delightful com- 
panion. He never courted intimacy, but J 
those who were admitted behind his \ 
rather rugged exterior found a nature 
which bound them to him with affection 
and admiration. He was kindness and 
gentleness itself to the lowly and unfortu- 
nate, and his own personal influence, 
added to the unselfish labor of his wife, 
made the Boys' Industrial Associa- 
tion of Wilkes-Barre one of the great 
forces for good among the thousands of 
youths in that city, the great center of 
the anthracite coal mining industry. He 
was the sworn, unrelenting foe of the un- 
checked abuse of intoxicating liquor, 
holding the absolute prohibition of the 
traffic to be the only safeguard against it. 
When first a candidate for Congress, he 
addressed letters to the Prohibitionists of 
Luzerne county, asking their support on 
the ground of his action as chairman of 
the State committee in attempting to 
carry the prohibitory amendment of 1889. 
This letter nearly prostrated the chair- 
man of his party committee, inasmuch as 
it lined the liquor interests solidly against 
him. But that was characteristic of the 
man — he hated sham or false pretense, 
and would not even seem to be "sailing 
under false colors." He was of that 
unique type of politician who make no 



2258 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



rash promises, and refused to go out into 
the highways and byways in personal 
solicitation of votes. He declared his 
principles and left the choice to the 
people. His own eulogy of President 
McKinley, delivered at the memorial 
service, may justly be applied to himself: 
"His life may be taken as a model 
for those who would rise to distinction in 
the public service. He was from start to 
finish distinguished for devotion to duty, 
untiring industry in the labors of his 
different positions, unbounded faith in 
the strength and permanence of our in- 
stitutions and the integrity of the Ameri- 
can people." From "L'Envoi," closing 
his own book, "Fifty Years at the Bar 
and in Politics," which he never saw in 
print, the following extract is taken : 

A long life protracted beyond the "allotted 
age" of man, full of varied experience, acquaint- 
ance and friendship with some of the best men 
who ever lived in this or any other country, 
honor beyond my deserts, fortune sufficient for 
my needs, a wife gifted beyond her sex. faithful 
as the sun, a family of whom any man may be 
proud, — this is the final summing up. And I am 
content to obey the injimction of the poet: — 

So live that when thy summons comes to join 
The innumerable caravan which moves 
To that mysterious realm where each shall take 
His chamber in the silent halls of death. 
Thou go not like the quarry slave at night 
Scourged to his dungeon, but sustained and 

soothed 
By an unfaltering trust, approach thy grave 
Like one that wraps the drapery of his couch 
About him, and lies down to pleasant dreams! 

These words were written February 7, 
1913, and eight days later, February 15. 
his "summons came to join the innumer- 
able caravan" and he fell asleep as he had 
wished, "like one that wraps the drapery 
of his couch about him and lies down to 
pleasant dreams." 

The American ancestor of General 
Henry W. Palmer came from England 
to America in the ship "Fortune," in 1621, 
the "I'ortune" being the first vessel to 



arrive after the "Mayflower." He brought 
with him a son, William, a lad of eight 
years, settling in Plymouth, where he 
was joined the next year by his wife. 
Frances, who came in the ship "Anne," 
known as the "Brides' Ship." The line 
i.s traced in direct male descent to Henry 
W. Palmer, son of Major Gideon Wilbur 
Palmer, and grandson of Gideon and Cla- 
rissa (Walkins) Palmer. Gideon Palmer 
was born in 1784, and died August 28, 
1868. Major Gideon Wilbur Palmer was 
born April 18, 1818, and died March 27, 
1881. He came to Pennsylvania when 
nineteen years of age, engaging in farm- 
ing, and saw mill operating. He was a 
man of ability and held many public posi- 
tions, serving as constable, justice of the 
peace, sherifif of Luzerne county, member 
of the Pennsylvania Legislature, pay- 
master in the United States army, and sat 
as a delegate in the Constitutional Con- 
vention of 1872-73, in which body his son 
bore so conspicuous a part. He held the 
rank of major in the United States army, 
and died beloved and respected by all 
who knew him. He married Elizabeth 
Burdick, daughter of Billings and Hannah 
(Babcock) Burdick, of Hopkinton, Rhode 
Island, her father an officer of the War of 
1812, her mother a daughter of General 
Babcock, of Hopkinton. She was con- 
nected with the Tift family and was a 
Huguenot descendant. Mrs. Palmer was 
a woman of great industry, never happy 
unless busy. Her good sense and sturdy 
honesty were proverbial, and to her son 
she transmitted those strong traits of 
character that until her death marked her 
as a consistent, hardworking Christian 
woman. Major Palmer died in Glenburn 
in 1881, his widow surviving him until 
1895. From such an ancestry and from 
such noble parentage sprang Henry W. 
Palmer. 

Henry W. Palmer was born at Clifford, 
Susquehanna county, Pennsylvania, July 
2259 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



lo, 1839, on a farm of about two hundred 
acres bought by his grandfather. He was 
five years of age when his father moved 
to Carbondale, and twelve years of age 
when he moved to Wilkes-Barre, his 
father having been elected sheriff of 
Luzerne county, and the family home be- 
ing at the jail, then standing at the corner 
of Market and Washington streets. From 
1850 to 1856 he was a student at Wyo- 
ming Seminary, crossing the fiats from 
Wilkes-Barre to Kingston during all 
weathers, good or bad, the Rev. Reuben 
Nelson then being principal of the school. 
About 1856 he became rodman in the 
corps of engineers engaged in construct- 
ing the railroad from Scranton to Cata- 
wissa, continuing about one and one half 
years, his last work being in charge of 
the division from Nanticoke to Beach 
Haven. In 1858 he entered Fort Edward 
Institute, New York, and there decided 
to prepare for the profession of law. He 
entered the State National Law School, 
at Poughkeepsie, New York, was gradu- 
ated in August, i860, and after a 
severe examination by lawyers prejudiced 
against the school, was admitted to the 
New York bar, locating at Peekskill. In 
April, 1861. he entered the law office of 
Garrick M. Harding, then district at- 
torney of Luzerne county, and from that 
year was a member of the Luzerne 
county bar and identified with the city of 
Wilkes-Barre. He was a clerk in the 
prothonotary's office until September 12, 
1861, when he married, at Plattsburg, 
New York, and returned with his 
bride, Ellen M.Webster, to Wilkes-Barre. 
"But," he writes, "I had confidence, hope, 
courage, and faith in myself." The young 
couple began housekeeping in a rented 
furnished house on West Union street, 
and the young law^yer began demonstrat- 
ing the fact that he could "support a 
wife." He commenced practicing law in 
an office in what was called "Buzzards' 



Row," on the northeast corner of the 
square. In the spring of 1862 he was 
made a paymaster's clerk in New Orleans, 
where his father, a newly appointed pay- 
master in the Union army, had been sta- 
tioned. In 1863 he returned to Wiikes- 
Barre, resumed law practice, and began 
his upward climb of the ladder of success, 
a journey that ended not until the top- 
most round was reached. He gradually 
acquired a large practice, achieving ex- 
traordinary^ success. Although preemi- 
nently an advocate who was at his best J 
powers and in his favorite occupation I 
when before a jury, his general ambition 
would not brook restriction within the 
limits of a specialty, and his practice 
ranged over the entire field of equity, in 
all State and Federal courts of the dis- 
trict. Commanding in appearance and 
forceful in utterance, he early ranked well 
toward the front at a bar which embraced 
men of distinguished ability as counsel- 
lors and advocates, and in a few years 
was outranked by none, even in the State. 
He practiced alone until, on the offer of 
Garrick M. Harding, a partnership was 
formed that existed until 1870, when Mr 
Harding was elected president judge of 
the several courts of Luzerne and Lacka- 
wanna counties. Judge Harding sold his 
interest in the partnership to his young 
partner for the nominal sum of $300, which 
was paid in legal service. This was the 
golden opportunity long desired, and was 
the flood tide that bore Mr. Palmer to 
fame and fortune. Although many of 
Judge Harding's clients withdrew their 
patronage, a majority were retained and 
formed the nucleus about which a very 
large and profitable legal business grew. 
He was connected as counsel with the 
important cases tried in his district dur- 
ing his half century of practice, and also 
won enviable distinction as an exponent 
of corporation law. 

The prominence General Palmer won 
:6o 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



in political life began with his first elec- 
tion as school director in the old borough 
of Wilkes-Barre, Henry M. Hoyt, after- 
ward Governor of Pennsylvania, also be- 
ing a member of the board. This board 
built the Franklin street school house, 
the first modern school building erected 
in Wilkes-Barre. General Palmer at that 
time was secretary of the board. His in- 
terest in politics, however, dates from 
boyhood, and from early life he was a 
strong adherent of the Republican party. 
The Constitutional Convention, convened 
November 2, 1872, in obedience to an 
overwhelming popular vote, was the next 
UTiportant appearance of General Palmer 
in public life, he being one of the six 
members representing Luzerne. Monroe, 
and Pike counties, forming the Twenty- 
third Senatorial District. The valuable 
service rendered by him in the framing of 
the constitution ratified by the voters of 
the Commonwealth, December 16, 1873, 
may be estimated by reference to the 
general index of "Debates of the Consti- 
tutional Convention," which discloses the 
fact that he addressed the convention on 
the following subjects: Woman suffrage, 
oath of office. Court of Pardons, printing 
reports of committees, the education 
article, settlement of State printers' ac- 
counts, oath prescribed to members of 
the Legislature, legislative appropriations 
lor sectarian and other purposes, legisla- 
tive appropriation to charitable and edu- 
cational institutions, creating offices for 
inspection of change of venue, validity of 
acts of Assembly, exempting persons 
having religious scruples from military 
service, restraining railroad companies 
from mining and manufacturing, the for- 
feiture of charters of railroad companies 
for combination between, consequential 
damages by railroad and canal com- 
panies, acceptance by railroads of the 
provisions of the general law, the powers 
of the Supreme Court, the oath pre- 



scribed for members of the General As- 
sembly, the compensation of the officers 
of the Philadelphia courts, the appoint- 
ment of overseers of elections by the 
courts, the passage of bills contrary to 
constitutional provisions, the formation 
of new counties, the liberty of the press, 
recess of the convention, the rights of 
foreign corporations, appropriations to 
sectarian schools, the taxation of manu- 
facturing corporations, oath prescribed 
members of the Assembly after sine die 
adjournment, the legislative powers of 
cities, the removal of criminal cases to 
the Supreme Court, separate judicial dis- 
tricts for each county, providing for fill- 
ing office of Associate Judge, dispensing 
with trial by jury in civil cases, prevent- 
ing corporations from doing the business 
of a common carrier from mining and 
manufacturing, the limitation of actions, 
legislative bribery, the division of 
counties, the assent of the electors to the 
division of the county, the granting of 
pardons, the legislative oath, election ex- 
penses authorized by law, the free pass 
system, discrimination by railroads in 
freight or passage, abolishing jury com- 
missioners, form of ballot in voting on 
the constitution, and signing the consti- 
tution in pamphlet form. His attitude 
on some of these articles will be shown 
in the following extracts on "Competition 
of Railroads." He said : 

By habit and education I am an enemy of the 
aggregation and extension of corporate power. 
I believe no prophetic vision is needed to fore- 
tell the time when it will be necessary for the 
people to strike a sharp and deadly blow at com- 
binations that will be made by corporations to 
take possession of their government and steal 
away their liberties. * * * When the supreme 
hour arrives for action, when the servants 
clothed in their borrowed strength and grown 
great upon the benefactions granted them shall 
make their purpose plain I would send them 
stripped and shorn into the shades of retirement 
and restore their misused franchises to the 
power that gave them. 



2261 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



On prohibition he spoke thus power- 
fully : 

No man who is at all familiar with the annals 
of crime will deny that ninety-five per cent., not 
only of all crime but of all the suffering and 
wretchedness in this Commonwealth can be 
traced to the use of ardent spirits. It costs the 
people of Pennsylvania more to drink the whis- 
key than to bear all the rest of the burdens of 
society put together twice over. It is a fearful 
voluntary tax that they have laid upon them- 
selves and they are crying for relief. Relief in 
some form must be given; we do not dare refuse 
it. I ask it in the name of the multitudes of sore 
hearted women, mothers, sisters, wives and 
daughters of this Commonwealth, who sit in 
the darkness of despair and out of whose lives 
the light of hope has been crushed by the mon- 
ster rum. I ask it in the name of the hecatombs 
of trembling victims of a habit relentless as 
death and as remorseless as the grave. I ask it 
in the name of the little children, pale, hungry, 
haggard, and tattered, shivering on the threshold 
of a comfortless life, victims without their fault 
or consent of the vice of intemperance. I ask 
it in the name of the tens of thousands who have 
petitioned in this behalf the poor privilege of 
voting for a prohibitory section in the organic 
law of the Commonwealth. And this we dare 
.not refuse. 

On woman suffrage he spoke most 
earnestly and forcibly, claiming the right 
as " an original woman suffrage man :" 

Give to women the right and the details can 
be regulated so that she may exercise it in a 
manner agreeable to herself. I believe then that 
in the simple expression of an opinion, which is 
all that it is to cast a ballot, there can be noth- 
ing to degrade. * * * I think the women are 
amply able to take care of themselves. For my 
part, I have no faith in the virtue that needs the 
protection of a bowie knife and revolver; the 
day for that kind has gone by. * * * Com- 
pare our country to-day, where the freedom of 
the women excites the surprise and comment of 
foreigners, with any land in Christendom and 
the result need not be feared. Neither France 
nor Italy, nor Spain, nor even England herself 
can boast a higher purity or a more exalted and 
ennobling modesty. * * * No man can deny 
that in the purity of the ballot rests the per- 
petuity of our freedom and because gentlemen 



admit that the inevitable result of giving the 
ballot to women will be to purify and to elevate 
our politics, because I believe that where cor- 
ruption and fraud now run riot in the street 
honesty and justice will succeed, because the 
gambler and the pimp and the rogue shall no 
more sit at the receipt of customs nor, clothed in 
purple and fine linen, fill the offices of the State, 
because in this reform I see the glimmer of the 
dawning of a better day, when worth, not 
wealth, when ability and not influence, shall 
secure the primary nominations and fill the 
offices in the public gift, I hope this cause will 
succeed. * * * Briefly stated, the proposition 
is this: The women of the land have half the 
intelligence and more than half the virtue of the 
people, and as honesty and virtue are the corner 
stones upon which the people's freedom rests 
woman's vote and woman's influence cannot be 
spared from the government of the country. 
* * * Are politics disgusting and infamous? 
Let her shed upon them the glory of her pres- 
ence and give to them the cleansing of her con- 
tinual help and the waste places shall blossom 
as the rose. Bring home to her the knowledge 
that with the ballot in her hand she has the 
power to close every grog shop in the land and 
drive away from her hearthstone the brooding 
horror of a drunken son or besotted husband, a 
horror that broods in palace and hovel alike, 
and her voice will not cease to cry aloud until 
the ballot is there. Let her know that the right 
to vote will secure to her the guardianship of 
her own children, the disposition of her own 
property, the use of her own wages, her eman- 
cipation from a bondage handed down from a 
generation when a woman was a plaything and 
a slave, and she who now holds her peace will 
clamor for the right. Inform her that a vote 
means equal wages for equal work, the opening 
up of new avenues of employment suitable for 
her sex, the securing of equal rights in the 
estate of a deceased husband, the privilege of 
living in her home after her husband's death 
beyond the pitiable quarantine now allowed by 
law, a lifting of the unequal burdens that man's 
law and man's tyranny have down through the 
centuries heaped upon her and her voice will not 
cease to cry until the ballot is hers. 

In 1878 General Palmer, in the Republi- 
can State Convention, made a brilliant 
and powerful nominating speech placing 
Henry M. Hoyt before the convention as 
candidate for governor, and in the cam- 



2262 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



paign that followed he "stumped" the 
State in company with Governor Hoyt, 
Reuben E. King, and Major Vickers. In 
forming his cabinet, Governor Hoyt 
selected General Palmer as Attorney- 
General, a choice that brought forth from 
the State press most favorable comment. 
His term of ofifice, 1879 to 1883, was a 
most trying one, as the Constitution was 
then new, and there was much conflict of 
opinion as to how it would apply to im- 
portant legislation. His first experience 
after being appointed was with the suit 
started by Governor Hartranft for the oil 
producers against the railroads to re- 
strain them from giving rebates. This 
suit against the four trunk lines General 
Palmer forced to a settlement, and com- 
pelled the discontinuance of rebates. By 
his prosecution the Pennsjdvania Rail- 
road was compelled to pay into the State 
Treasury a large amount in taxes which 
it had disputed, and during his term up- 
wards of $700,000 in disputed taxes was 
paid into the treasury by the corpora- 
tions. Among other conspicuous features 
of his administration was his prosecution 
of bogus medical colleges and death rattle 
insurance companies, incidents that creat- 
ed a great deal of excitement at the time. 
He handled cases involving millions of 
dollars with consummate skill, and by 
his ability proved the wisdom of his ap- 
pointment. His controversy over the 
"salary grab" with the Legislature is his- 
torical, and of it General Palmer says : 

"I became the most unpopular man in the State 
of Pennsylvania and if the motion had been 
made in the Legislature to hang me the next 
Friday, there wouldn't have been four dissent- 
ing votes." When the Supreme Court finally 
decided against the stand taken by the Attorney- 
General, Judge Jeremiah S. Black thus ex- 
pressed himself: We are told by the Good 
Book not to speak evil of our rulers. If it were 
not for that injunction I should say that there 
must be some kind of a back door into this 
Court that didn't use to be there when I was on 
the bench. 



In 1889 the question of prohibition was 
voted on by the people. General Palmer 
serving as chairman of the State Pro- 
hibition Committee, and leading the 
fight for the Constitutional Prohibitory 
Amendment Committee, with headquar- 
ters in Philadelphia. The amendment 
was lost at the polls June i8th by a vote 
of 296,617 for, 484,644 against. But the 
saloon interests were partially dethroned, 
and became a less potent power in poli- 
tics. General Palmer, in an address to 
the friends of prohibition after the result, 
said : "You are everlastingly right and a 
just cause, backed by the strength shown 
in this contest, never can be lost." In 
1899 the bar of Luzerne county inaugu- 
rated a movement to nominate General 
Palmer for Supreme Court Judge in an 
address to the bar and people of Pennsyl- 
vania, and there was a general endorse- 
ment of his candidacy received from all 
parts of the State. But the "powers that 
rule" decided otherwise. 

At the expiration of his term as At- 
torney-General he returned to Wilkes- 
Barre and again engaged in the private 
practice of his profession. He was coun- 
sel for numerous corporations, and had 
large business interests outside the law. 
He was vice-president and director of the 
Miners' Bank, director of the Wilkes- 
Barre Savings Bank, director of the 
People's Bank, and was actively interest- 
ed in the building of the West and North 
Branch Railroad, later operated by the 
Pennsylvania Railroad Company, of 
which corporation he afterward became a 
director. 

In 1898 General Palmer first became a 
candidate for Congress, receiving sixty- 
seven votes in the convention, without 
solicitation beyond a letter to the "People 
of Luzerne County," stating, "If thirty- 
five years as a practicing lawyer, four 
years in the office of Attorney-General 
of the State, and one year in the Consti- 



2263 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tutional Convention, with constant atten- 
tion to public questions, have given me 
an experience that would be useful to you 
as a representative in Congress, and if 
3'ou choose to honor me with a nomina- 
tion I shall find it my duty to light for 
election and to serve you to the best of 
my ability." In 1900 he was again a can- 
didate, received an overwhelming vote at 
the primaries, was elected to sit in the 
Fifty-seventh Congress, and was appoint- 
ed by Speaker Plenderson a member of 
the judiciary committee, serving also on 
that committee during the Fifty-eighth 
and Fifty-ninth congresses. He made 
his presence felt in the House by notable 
speech and action, and was returned to 
the Fifty-eighth Congress by a plurality 
of 2,216, Luzerne county giving the 
Democratic candidate for governor a plu- 
rality of 3,687. It was during the Fifty- 
eighth Congress that General Palmer bore 
so conspicuous a part in the impeachment 
proceedings against Charles Swayne, 
United States District Judge. He was 
again elected to Congress in 1904, but in 
1906, through a split in the convention 
after General Palmer had clearly been 
nominated, the whole matter was taken 
into the Dauphin County Court under an 
act of Assembly having jurisdiction, and 
there it was decided that no nomination 
had been made, a decision absolutely 
wrong, not in accordance with the testi- 
mony. Under the circumstances General 
Palmer refused to be a candidate on 
nomination papers, and the district was 
represented by a Democrat in the Sixtieth 
Congress. In 1908 he was elected to the 
Sixty-first Congress, and at the end of 
his term declined to be again a candidate, 
having had "a full fill of politics and poli- 
ticians." From that time until his death 
he confined himself to his private practice 
and business affairs. His law business 
was principally in the trial of cases in 
Luzerne and adjoining counties in the 



civil, criminal, and orphans' court, and in 
equity, his clients all sorts and conditions 
of men. His record in the Supreme 
Court, where he rarely appeared for the 
plaintifif in error, is to be found in two 
hundred and twenty cases of the State 
Reports, scattered through one hundred 
and fifteen volumes, and upon it, cover- 
ing as it does, all kinds of litigation 
known to our laws, he was content to rest 
his claim to the name of lawyer. His 
last public service was in the capacity of 
delegate to the Peace Congress held at 
Mohonk, New York. 

General Palmer married, September 12, 
1861, Ellen Mary Webster, of Plattsburg, 
New York. Mrs. Palmer is the founder 
of the Boys' Industrial Association that 
has for its object the training of the busy 
boys of Wilkes-Barre, the boys who for 
some reason are working in shops, fac- 
tories, and mills instead of being at 
school. The following tribute is from 
"Leaders in Though and Action, an Ap- 
preciation," by S. R. Smith: 

Mrs. H. W. Palmer is the discoverer of the 
boy. A boy's woman, his friend who inspires, 
guides, comes into his heart and life with a devo- 
tion and helpfulness that never falters, bring- 
ing the youth realization of his hopes and 
dreams. In the economy of the world Mrs. 
Palmer was called to save the boy. She went 
out after him, took him by the hand, awakening 
the unused forces in him, shaping his unformed 
nature, opening to him the door to the great 
world and leading him into the highway of suc- 
cess. Her B. I. A. boys are to be found in the 
colleges and in every line of activity all over the 
world, many of them filling positions of great 
responsibility. As the soldiers gloried in wear- 
ing the badge of the Legion of Honor, her boys 
glory in the fact that they are Mrs. Palmer's 
B. I. A. boys. The people furnished the money 
and she gave the boys an opportunity to fit 
themselves for active life by erecting a building 
ample in size and equipment. This magnetic, 
great souled, superb leader fills all with admira- 
tion and gratitude. We can properly associate 
her with all that is musical, beautiful, and benefi- 
cent. She has dedicated her superb powers of 



2264 



16G7139 

ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



mind and heart to the blessed work of searching 
for the boys who need help. The angels may 
love and adore, yet we believe this friend of the 
youth of our valley has brought more happiness 
on earth and more joy in Heaven than the 
angelic choir. We are reminded of Abon Ben 
Adhem, whose name led all the rest because he 
served his fellow men. 

The Boys' Industrial Association was 
organized in 1892, meeting in various 
places until 1899, when a building was 
constructed on a vacant lot in the rear of 
the City Hall by unsolicited contribution. 
It costs something over two thousand dol- 
lars a year to maintain the work and the 
enrollment averages four hundred boys. 
A cordial welcome to everyone, working 
boys especially, is the spirit of the asso- 
ciation. There are light dues for full 
members and the Federal Government, 
with its president, vice-president and 
cabinet is the model for the government 
of the association. A savings bank and 
a monthly journal are run by the boys 
themselves. Among the treasures of the 
association are three little volumes that 
the boys call the "Swearing Book," the 
"Drinking Book," and the "Smoking 
Rook," and the names signed in these in 
boyish scrawls are eloquent witnesses of 
the success of the work. "A Bit of Prac- 
tical Christianity" says of the work of 
Boys' Industrial Association : 

The wife of a business man, a national Con- 
gressman for several terms, the mother of five 
children, a woman of means whereby to live in 
ease and comfort, Mrs. Palmer might have pre- 
sented the same reasons that many other women 
deem sufficient excuse for lack of service. Be- 
cause she did not, because with her own children 
occupying responsible positions she did not 
deem her responsibility ended because she gave 
out of her great heart of love, — for this thou- 
sands of boys who have come under her influ- 
ence through nearly two decades "rise up and 
call her blessed." 

Cieneral Palmer was intimately associ- 
ated with his wife in the Boys' Industrial 



Association from its organization, and 
ever showed his continual interest in the 
boys of the city by substantial assistance. 
Mrs. Palmer is also vice-president of the 
Boys' Club Federation of America, her 
election being a graceful recognition of 
her work in promoting the welfare of the 
boys of the Boys' Industrial Association 
as well as that of boys not connected with 
that organization. Mrs. Palmer has been 
equally interested and helpful in all forms 
of Christian, educational and philan- 
thropic work. She has been vice-presi- 
dent and president of the local Women's 
Christian Temperance Union, also offi- 
cially identified with the county organ- 
ization. For many years she has been a 
teacher in St. Stephen's Sunday school, 
conducting a class numbering one hun- 
dred young people. In 191 1 she cele- 
brated the golden anniversary of her 
wedding day, and two years later was left 
to tread life's pathway without the strong 
arm upon which she had constantly 
leaned for so long. She is a daughter of 
George W. and Diama (Bradley) Web- 
ster, the latter a daughter of Baird Brad- 
ley, and granddaughter of Captain Joseph 
Bradley, an officer of the Revolution- 
ary army. Baird Bradley married Lucy 
Dewey, daughter of Thomas and Anna 
(Allen) Dewey, the latter a cousin of Colo- 
nel Ethan Allen, of Revolutionary fame, 
the former a direct descendant of Simeon 
Dewey, who was created a baronet of 
Stone Hall, England, in 1629. George W. 
Webster, a prominent merchant of Platts- 
burg, with large Lake Champlain ship- 
ping interests, died there at the age of 
fifty-five years, his widow surviving him 
to the age of seventy-five years, dying in 
Wilkes-Barre at the residence of her 
daughter, Mrs. Ellen W. Palmer. 

Five children were born to General and 
Mrs. Palmer: i. Louise Mary, a graduate 
of Wellesley ; married George E. Vin- 
cent, LL.D., now president of Minnesota 
265 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



State University, son of Bishop John II. 
Vincent, of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, founder of the Chautauqua move- 
ment. 2. Bradley Webster, a graduate of 
Harvard, and a lawyer of international 
prominence and distinction. He is a 
member of the firm of Storey, Thorndike, 
Palmer & Dodge, of Boston, Massachu- 
setts, and is engaged principally in the 
practice of corporation law. 3. Madeline, 
a graduate of Bryn Mawr ; married 
Charles M. Bakewell, Ph.D., senior Pro- 
fessor of Philosophy, Yale University. 
4. Henry Webster, a graduate of Har- 
vard, a member of the firm of Stim- 
son, Stockton, Livermore & Palmer, of 
Boston, Massachusetts, and practices 
chiefly in cases bearing upon international 
law ; he married Elsa Marie, daughter of 
Captain John Wilhelm and Hilda (Ask- 
ergren) Lanborg, at Stockholm, Sweden, 
August 19, 1907. 5. Ellen Constance, a 
woman of literary and musical talent, 
educated at Wellesley, and afterward in 
vocal music in New York under Madame 
Marches!, and in London, England, under 
Shakespeare. She married, March 29, 
1915, Count Francisco Dandini de Sylva, 
of Italy, the marriage being performed in 
one of the old churches of Rome under 
special dispensation of the Pope, a Cardi- 
nal of the Church, an uncle of the Count, 
officiating. Immediately after the cere- 
mony the Count, responding to his King's 
call to the colors, he being an officer in 
the Third Regimento Antiglierra de Fort- 
essa, in command of batteries, and with 
the Contessa, sailed at once for his com- 
mand on the island of La Maddalena, off 
the coast of Sardinia, in the Mediterra- 
nean, a submarine and torpedo boat sta- 
tion. 

Mrs. Palmer continues her residence in 
Wilkes-Barre, deeply ingrossed in her 
boys' work. She is a member of St. Ste- 
phen's Protestant Episcopal Church, with 



which General Palmer was also long con- 
nected. He sleeps in Hollenback Ceme- 
tery, the flowers that bloom at his grave 
not more fragrant than his memory. 



WILSON, J. Charles, 

Head of Large BnsinesB. 

If the principal buildings of a city are 
indeed, as has been asserted, indicators of 
the wealth and importance of the munici- 
pality, Pittsburgh's greatness is beyond 
the possibility of dispute, and if by the 
size and character of a structure may be 
measured partially, at least the resources 
and ability of the men who erected it, the 
builders of Pittsburgh are second to none 
in the world. Among the pioneers of this 
very notable class of citizens was the late 
Samuel Wilson, of the celebrated firm of 
A. & S. Wilson, now the A. & S. Wilson 
Company. For more than forty years 
Samuel Wilson was a resident of Pitts- 
burgh, and during that period was not 
only a conspicuous figure in business 
circles, but was also closely identified 
with the city's best interests. This old 
and well-known firm is now represented 
by J. Charles Wilson, son of Samuel Wil- 
son, and who in this day and generation 
is ably upholding the Wilson name. 

Samuel Wilson was born March 19, 
1825, in County Down, Ireland, son of 
Adam and Agnes (Moreland) Wilson. 
The boy was educated in his native land 
and there grew to manhood, coming in 
1850 to the United States and joining his 
brothers Alexander and Joseph in Pitts- 
burgh. In 1852 they formed the partner- 
ship of A. & S. Wilson, a firm which has 
ever since, through all the changes of 
time, circumstances and reorganization, 
maintained and strengthened the com- 
manding position to which, in the early 
years of its existence, it rapidly attained. 
This success was very largely due to the 
:66 




^•y. £;^S.^-»f4S,i'fV ^^tv AO^ 




ENXYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



industry and energy, the courage and 
fidelity to principle which, throughout his 
career, were Samuel Wilson's predomin- 
ant characteristics. As a true citizen, Mr. 
Wilson willingly gave his influence and 
support to the furtherance of all good 
measures that conserved the interest of 
good government. Politically he was 
affiliated with the Republican party. Ever 
ready to respond to any deserving call 
made upon him, he was quietly but un- 
ostentatiously charitable. He was a 
member of the Third United Presbyterian 
church. Mr. Wilson was one of the early 
directors of the Union National Bank, 
and continued as director until his death. 
He was one of the board of directors of 
the Western Pennsylvania Institution for 
the Deaf and Dumb. He was a man of 
matured judgment, ready to meet every 
obligation of life with the confidence and 
courage born of conscious personal ability 
and an habitual regard for what is right 
and best in the sphere of human activities 

Mr. Wilson married Eliza, daughter of 
Joseph and Agnes (Johnston) Mitchell, 
and they became the parents of the fol- 
lowing children : J. Charles, see forward ; 
Adam, whose biography and protrait 
appear elsewhere in this work, since 
deceased ; Mary Johnston, died Sep- 
tember 13, 1912; Howard Mitchell; 
Victor Grant ; Clara Jane ; Emma Eliza ; 
Agnes Mitchell ; James Ingram More- 
land ; Harry and Oscar. 

Mr. Wilson was very domestic in his 
tastes, and was never so happy as at his 
own fireside. The death of Samuel Wil- 
son, which occurred April 13, 1891, de- 
prived Pittsburgh of one of her sterling 
citizens who in every relation of life had 
stood as an upright, honorable man. 

Joseph Charles Wilson, son of Samuel 
and Eliza (Mitchell) Wilson, was born in 
Pittsburgh, October 2, 1857. He received 
his education in the old Second Ward 
schools, at the Pittsburgh High School, 



and at the Western University of Penn- 
sylvania, now University of Pittsburgh. 
He then learned the carpenter trade under 
his father and worked under him for 
some years, acquiring all details of the 
business. On February 9, 1887, he be- 
came a member of the firm of A. & S. 
Wilson, and upon the death of his father 
in 1891, Mr. Wilson, together with his 
brother, the late Adam Wilson, took over 
the business ; and in 1902 incorporated as 
A. & S. Wilson Company and it thus con- 
tinued until the death of Adam Wilson, in 
1912, since which time J. Charles Wilson 
has been president of the company. 

A man who does not allow his business 
to absorb his entire time, Mr. Wilson is 
active in philanthropic circles, and is 
president of the Western Pennsylvania 
Institute for the Deaf and Dumb, suc- 
ceeding the late John B. Jackson in this 
office ; he is also a director of the Pitts- 
burgh Free Dispensary. Politically he is 
a Republican, but has never accepted 
office. At various times he has been a 
member of numerous clubs, but has now 
withdrawn from club life entirely. 

Mr. Wilson married, April 8, 1891, Miss 
Nellie Blanche, daughter of Adam R. and 
Alice (Read) Allen, of Pittsburgh, and 
they have had children : i. Pauline Eliza- 
beth, educated in Pittsburgh schools and 
graduate of St. Margaret's School. 2. 
Joseph Charles, junior, born June 20, 
1893; educated in Pittsburgh schools, at 
Carnegie Technical Institute, now with 
the Fidelity Title & Trust Company of 
Pittsburgh. 3. Lawrence Allen, born 
July, 1895, educated in Pittsburgh schools 
and at Chamberlain Military Academy, 
New York, now attending Carnegie Tech- 
nical Institute. 4. Maitland Alexander, 
born November 28, 1900. 

Personally Mr. Wilson is affable and 
hearty in manner, combining marked 
kindness of nature with a business 
promptness and decision which enable 



2267 



ENCYCLOPEDIA 

him to transact business with rapidity 
and without apparent fatigue. He has 
gained a success in hfe that is not meas- 
ured by linancial prosperity alone, but is 
gauged by the kindly amenities and con- 
genial associations that go to satisfy 
man's kaleidoscopic nature. 



WERDER, Xavier O., M.D., 

Professional Instructor and Author. 

Among those benefactors of mankind 
whose talents are used for the relief and 
uplifting of humanity there is no larger 
class than that formed by the votaries of 
the noble profession of medicine, and 
prominent among the Pittsburgh physi- 
cians who today uphold the renown of 
their calling is Dr. Xavier Oswald Wer- 
der, Gynaecologist to the Mercy Hospital 
and Professor of Gynaecology in the 
West Pennsylvania Medical School. Dr. 
Werder has been for thirty-five years a 
resident of Pittsburgh, and is thoroughly 
identified with her leading and most es- 
sential interests. 

Xavier Oswald Werder was born De- 
cember 4, 1857, in Cham, Canton Zug, 
Switzerland, and is a son of Oswald and 
Barbara (Felder) Werder also natives of 
that country and the parents of three 
other children: Joseph, Marie and Thom- 
as. Xavier Oswald Werder received his 
early education in schools of his native 
land and at the Einsiedeln Gymnasium, 
and in 1873 emigrated to the United 
State. In September of that year he en- 
tered St. Vincent's College, Beatty, Penn- 
sylvania. Having decided to devote him- 
self to the profession of medicine, he ma- 
triculated at the University of Maryland, 
Baltimore, where he spent the year of 
1877-78. From May to September of the 
latter year he did undergraduate work in 
St. Francis' Hospital, Pittsburgh, and 
then entered the New York University, 
graduating in 1879 with the degree of 



OF BIOGRAPHY 

Doctor of Medicine. Without delay Dr. I 
Werder returned to Pittsburgh and began 
general practice in the West End. Alter 
gaining three years' experience he went 
in 1882 to Europe, studying at the Uni- 
versity of Munich and in Vienna, Berlin 
and London. In May, 1884, he returned 
to the United States and to Pittsburgh, 
resuming practice in the West End. The 
same year he was appointed physician to 
St. Francis' Hospital, a position which he 
retained for three years, resigning at the 
end of that time by reason of the growth 
of his practice. About this time Dr. Wer- 
der established the "Pittsburgh Medical 
Review," being assisted by Drs. Buchan- 
an, Shaw, Hazzard, J. J. Green, Matson 
and Petit. With this publication, of 
which he had been the originator, Dr. 
Werder remained connected for a number 
of years. 

In 1887 Dr. Werder began to specialize 
on the diseases of women, and in 1889 
was appointed assistant gynaecologist to 
the Mercy Hospital, subsequently suc- 
ceeding to his present position of chief of 
the department. Since 1895 he has been 
Professor of Gynaecology in the West 
Pennsylvania Medical School, now the 
Medical Department of the University of 
Pittsburgh. He is one of the charter 
members of the American Association 
of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, for 
twenty-five years served as its treasurer, 
and in 1912 became its president. He is 
a fellow of the American College of Sur- 
geons, and belongs to the American 
Medical Association, the State and Na- 
tional Medical associations, and Alle- 
gheny County Medical Society, of which 
he was at one time president. The follow- 
ing articles and contributions are from 
the pen of Dr. Werder 

A Case of Didelphic Uterus with Lateral 
Hematocolpus, Hematometra and Hematosal- 
pinx. Journal of the American Medical Asso- 
ciation, August II, 1894. 
!68 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Abdominal Section in Ectopic Gestation where 
the Foetus is Living and Viable, with Report of 
Successful Case. Transactions of the Associa- 
tion of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, 1894. 

Interesting Cases of Intestinal Resection with 
End-to-End Anastomosis by Means of the Mur- 
phy Button. Pennsylvania Medical Journal, 
September, 1897. 

Tonic and Spasmodic Intestinal Contraction 
with Report of Cases. Annals of Gynaecology 
arid Pediatry, Boston, 1897. 

Some Clinical Observations Based Upon 116 
Abdominal Sections for Ovarian Tumors. Amer- 
ican Journal of Obstetrics and Diseases of 
Women and Children. Vol. XXXVIII— No. 5. 
1898. 

Appendicitis Complicating Ovarian Cyst and 
Simulating Torsion of the Pedicle, with Report 
of Three Cases. American Medical Association 
Journal, January, 1898. 

A Clinical Contribution to the Treatment of 
Malignant Tumors of the Ovary. American 
Gynaecological and Obstetrical Journal, April, 
1899. 

Two Cases of Dystocia Following Ventrofixa- 
tion, One Requiring Caesarean Section. Ameri- 
can Journal of Obstetrics and Diseases of 
Women and Children, Vol. XL — No. 5. 1899. 

A Contribution to Uretral Surgery, with Four 
Cases, Including a New Operation for Double 
Uretro-Vaginal Fistula. Journal of the Ameri- 
can Medical Association, August 16, 1902. 

The Byrne Operation and Its Application in 
the Radical Treatment of Cancer of the Uterus. 
American Journal of Obstetrics, Vol. LII — No. 

s- 1905- 

A Consideration of the Factors which have 
Lowered the Operative Mortality and have Im- 
proved the Post Operative. American Journal 
of Obstetrics, Vol. LIV — No. 15. 1906. 

Ectopic Gestation with Viable Child, with 
Report of Three Cases. American Journal of 
Obstetrics, Vol. LVIII— No. 5. 1908. 

Case of Caesarean Section in which the Uterus 
was Incarcerated in a Ventral Hernia. South- 
ern Medical Journal, March, 1909. 

The Diagnosis and Treatment of Cancer of 
the Uterus. New York Medical Journal, July 
30, 1 910. 

Treatment of the Retroflexed Gravid Uterus, 
with Report of Two Cases. American Journal 
of Obstetrics and Diseases of Children, Vol. 
LXIII— No. 2. 1911. 

Some Practical Considerations in the Treat- 
ment of Backward Displacements of the Uterus. 
Pennsylvania Medical Journal, March, 1912. 



President's Address Before the American As- 
sociation of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. 
American Journal of Obstetrics and Diseases of 
Children, Vol. LXVI— No. 6. 1912. 

The Cautery in the Radical Treatment of Can- 
cer of the Cervix. Surgery, Gynaecology and 
Obstetrics, March, 1913. 

The Byrne Method of Treatment of Carci- 
noma of the Uterus; — in Gynaecology and Ab- 
dominal Surgery, Kelly-Noble. 1907. Vol. I. 

As co-editor of Bovee's "Gynaecology" 
Dr. Werder has contributed chapters on 
"Technique of Abdominal Operations ;" 
"Gynaecolofical Examinations ;" and "Ex- 
tra-Uterine Pregnancy." Among writers 
on medical subjects Dr. Werder holds a 
high rank and few are oftener quoted by 
their fellows in the profession than he. 

In all concerns relative to the welfare 
of his home city, Dr. Werder takes a keen 
and active interest. He is the owner of 
much real estate and in its development 
as well as in various other ways has done 
much for the improvement of Pitts- 
burgh. In politics he is a Democrat, with 
independent tendencies. A liberal giver 
to charity, his benefactions are bestowed 
with an entire lack of ostentation. He 
belongs to the University Club and is a 
member of Sts. Peter and Paul's Roman 
Catholic Church. 

The predominant expression of Dr. 
Werder's countenance is one of calmness, 
confidence and courage, a union of traits 
born of conscious ability and rectitude. 
His brown eyes have the keen glance of 
the trained observer and his features, 
strong and yet sensitive, indicate a cul- 
tured and vigorous mentality. His ap- 
pearance is distinguished and his manner 
quiet, genial and dignified. Both in and 
out of his profession the number of his 
friends is legion. 

Dr. Werder married, October 20, 1885, 
Tillie C, daughter of Joseph and Mar- 
garet (May) Vogel, the former a promi- 
nent dry goods merchant and a director 
of the German National Bank of Pitts- 



PA— Vol VII— 3 



2269 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



burgh. Dr. and Airs. W'erder are the par- 
ents of the following children : Marie, 
wife of C. E. Roecker. of Pittsburgh ; 
Herman, married JMildred McClellan, of 
New Florence, Pennsylvania ; Oswald E. ; 
Coleta; Marguerite; Gerard; Raymond; 
Vincent; and Mildred. Mrs. Werder, a 
woman of charming personality and ad- 
mirably fitted by mental endowments, 
thorough education and innate grace and 
refinement for her position as one of the 
potent factors of Pittsburgh society, is 
withal an accomplished home-maker and 
an ideal helpmate for a man like her hus- 
band whose domestic affections are the 
governing motive of his life. Dr. Werder 
is an ardent lover of Nature and when at 
his charming summer home in New Flor- 
ence, Pennsylvania, loves to take long 
tramps in the woods. 

Dr. Werder has won distinction not 
only as a skillful practitioner but also as 
the author of valuable contributions to 
the literature of his profession. Although 
he is now but in the prime of life his 
record shows achievements covering a 
period exceeding a quarter of a century 
and everything indicates that its most 
brilliant chapters yet remain to be 
written. 



ELTERICH, Theodore J., M.D., 

Specialist, Instructor, Author. 

The body of Pittsburgh physicians em- 
braces many nationalities, including one 
which has accomplished much not only 
for the city, but also for the state — the 
valiant and cultured Germanic. Among 
the city's prominent physicians of this 
race must be numbered Dr. Theodore J. 
Elterich, former Professor of Pediatrics 
in the University of Pittsburgh. Dr. 
Elterich is well known not only as a suc- 
cessful practitioner, but also as a valued 
contributor to the literature of his profes- 
sion. 



William L. Elterich, father of Theodore 
J. Elterich, was born May i8, 1840, in 
Noerdlingen, Bavaria, Germany, and be- 
came a clergyman of the Dutch Reformed 
church in Switzerland. In August, 1869, 
he emigrated to the United States and ac- 
cepted a pastorate at Callicoon, Sullivan 
county, New York, afterward having 
charges at Bayonne, New Jersey ; North 
Side, Pittsburgh ; and Washington, Dis- 
trict of Columbia. In the last-named city 
he studied law. and practiced that profes- 
sion during the remainder of his life. He 
was a Republican in politics. Mr. Elte- 
rich married, Elizabeth Vogel, of Switzer- 
land, and their children were : William 
Otto, Presbyterian missionary in China, 
married Anna Berger, of Allegheny, 
Pennsylvania, and has children — Wilfred, 
Helen, Harold and Paul; Theodore J., 
mentioned below, and Elsie Charlotte, of 
Pittsburgh. Mrs. Elterich passed away 
February g, 1877, at Bayonne, New Jersey, 
and the death of Mr. Elterich occurred 
July 30, 1905, in Washington, District of 
Columbia. 

Theodore J., son of William L. and 
Elizabeth (Vogel) Elterich, was born 
April 5, 1867, at Thayingen, canton Schaff- 
hausen, Switzerland, and was two years 
old when brought by his parents to the 
United States. His education was receiv- 
ed in public schools of New Jersey and 
private schools of Pittsburgh, and after 
making choice of a profession he entered 
the Medical Department of the Univer- 
sity of Pittsburgh, graduating in 1889 
with the degree of Doctor of Medicine. 

After serving for one year as interne at 
the Western Pennsylvania Hospital Dr. 
Elterich practised for three years as as- 
sistant to Dr. H. W. Hechelman, and in 
1893 went abroad, entering the University 
of Vienna and devoting himself to the 
study of diseases of children. In 1894 he 
returned to Pittsburgh and began practice 
in Allegheny, now the North Side, as 



2270 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



children's specialist, removing in 1905 to 
the East End, where he has since remain- 
ed. The reputation he has achieved in his 
chosen field of labor is deservedly high 
and he is in possession of an extensive 
clientele. He is pediatrist on the staff of 
the Allegheny General Hospital, and from 
icSgS to 1913 filled the chair of pediatrics 
in the University of Pittsburgh, succeed- 
ing the late Dr. Charles Shaw. 

Despite the engrossing nature of his 
work as a practitioner, Dr. Elterich has 
found time for literary work in connec- 
tion with it. In 1907 he assisted in the 
translation from the German of Pfaundler 
and Schlossman on diseases of children, 
and among the articles which he has con- 
tributed to medical journals are the fol- 
lowing which have attracted considerable 
attention: "Difficult Dentition;" "Infan- 
tile Scurvy;" "Pyuria;" and "Mal-Nutri- 
tionand Infant Feeding." He is a member 
of the Pittsburgh Academy of Medicine, 
and in 1905 was its president ; the Ameri- 
can Medical Association ; the Pennsylva- 
nia State Medical Association ; and the 
Allegheny County Medical Society, hav- 
ing served in 1904 on its board of censors. 
He also belongs to the Western Pennsyl- 
vania Pediatric Society, an association of 
American teachers of children. He has 
also been elected a Fellow of the Ameri- 
can Academy of Medicine. In politics Dr. 
Elterich is an Independent Republican, 
taking a public-spirited interest in the 
welfare of his home city. His clubs are 
the University, German and Automobile ; 
and he is a member of the Evangelical 
church. In temperament, intellect and 
disposition Dr. Elterich is a true type of 
the learned, skillful and benevolent physi- 
cian whom all Pittsburgh has long known 
him to be. Is it possible to say more? 

Dr. Elterich married, April 30, 1896, 
Lena, daughter of Ernst and Ottilia 
(Mueller) Wetzell, of Mount Oliver, 
Pennsylvania, and they are they parents 



of two sons : Theodore Ottmar, born July 
17, 1897, attended Allegheny Preparatory 
School, Friendship School and Thurston 
Preparatory School, and later will enter 
Harvard University; and Carl Frederich, 
born December 6, 1906, now attending 
Thurston Preparatory School. Mr. Wet- 
zell died in September, 1874, and Mrs. 
Wetzell married Dr. Ferdinand Koeller, 
one of Pittsburgh's prominent physicians, 
who is now deceased. Mrs. Elterich is 
an ideal home-maker, and devotion to the 
ties of family and friendship has ever 
been the ruling motive of her husband's 
life. 



HAYDEN, Walter G., M.D., 

Eye Specialist, Hospital Official. 

Specialization in diseases of the eye is 
one of the most important branches of 
medical science, and among those Pitts- 
burgh physicians who have recently en- 
tered the field is Dr. Walter George Hay- 
den, who has already begun to establish 
a reputation. Dr. Hayden, as a native 
Pittsburgher, has loyally chosen his own 
city as the scene of his future career. 

Rudolph J. Hayden, father of Walter 
George Hayden, was born in 1863, in 
Germany, and at the age of eight years 
was brought by his parents to Pittsburgh, 
where he received his education. On at- 
taining his majority he changed the spell- 
ing of his name from Haydn to Hayden. 
Rudolph J. Hayden has been for years a 
successful manufacturer, having been at 
different times connected with several in- 
dustrial concerns. He is a Republican, 
and was formerly a Lutheran, but now 
belongs to the United Presbyterian 
church. Mr. Hayden married Caroline, 
daughter of Gerhardt H. Domhoff, who 
came from Germany to Pittsburgh, where 
he was a manufacturer and a large owner 
of real estate. Mr. and Mrs. Hayden are 
the parents of a son and a daughter: 



2271 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Walter George, mentioned below • and 
Edna Elizabeth, educated in Pittsburgh 
schools and at Dilworth Hall. 

Dr. Walter George Hayden, son of 
Rudolph J. and Caroline (Domhoff) Hay- 
den, was born February 12, 1888, in Pitts- 
burgh, and attended the public schools 
of his native city, graduating from the 
high school. He then spent one year at 
the University of Pittsburgh preparatory 
to entering the Medical Department of 
the University of Pennsylvania, where he 
graudated in 191 1 with the degree of 
Doctor of Medicine. After serving eight 
months as interne at the Allegheny Gen- 
eral Hospital, Dr. Hayden practiced for 
two years as assistant to Dr. Edward B. 
Heckel, and then, desirous of more thor- 
ough equipment for the special line of 
work which he had marked out for him- 
self, he went to Philadelphia and devoted 
himself to post-graduate work at the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, the Wells Eye 
Hospital and the Polyclinic Hospital. 

In 1913 Dr. Hayden returned to Pitts- 
burgh, where he has since practiced as an 
eye specialist, having already built up a 
clientele of no inconsiderable proportions. 
He is a member of the assistant staff of 
the Allegheny General Hospital, and be- 
longs to the American Medical Associa- 
tion, the Pennsylvania State Medical As- 
sociation and the Allegheny County 
Medical Society, also the Phi Beta Phi 
medical fraternity. In politics Dr. Hay- 
den is a Republican, but takes no active 
part in public affairs, the demands of his 
profession engrossing his entire time and 
attention. He is a member of the Shady 
Side United Presbyterian Church. 

Dr. Hayden has done well, but by far 
the greater part of his record yet remains 
to be written. Young, modern, progres- 
sive and learned in his profession, he is 
one of the specialists of Pittsburgh whose 
prestige will increase with the years. 



BENNETT, George Slocum, 

Man of Xiarge Affairs, FMIanthropist. 

A director of the Wyoming National 
Bank for forty-five years and its president 
from 1895 until his death in 1910, George 
S. Bennett occupied exalted position in 
financial circles, and was one of Wilkes- 
Barre's most successful business men and 
exemplary citizens. His life was spent in 
Wilkes-Barre not in the accumulation of 
wealth for wealth's sake, but in constant 
unceasing labor for the welfare of the 
community in which his long life was 
passed. His work for the church he 
loved was of lifelong duration, and from 
1868 until his death he was superintend- 
ent of the Sabbath school. Every charity, 
every philanthropy, every educational in- 
stitution of his city, claimed his interest, 
and he was held in the very highest 
esteem by all who knew of his devoted 
life, and in lasting memory by his many 
friends. 
- — George Slocum Bennett was born in 
Wilkes-Barre, August 10, 1842, and died 
in his native city, January 2, 1910, son of 
Judge Ziba and Hannah Fell (Slocum) 
Bennett. He vras a descendant of James 
Bennett, who came from England, was a 
freeman of Concord, Connecticut, in 1639, 
and his wife, Hannah Wheeler, daughter 
of Lieutenant Thomas Wheeler. He 
married in 1639, and in that year moved 
to Fairfield, Connecticut, where he died 
in 1659. The line of descent to George 
S. Bennett was through the founder's 
eldest son, Thomas Bennett, and his wife, 
Elizabeth Thompson ; their son, Thomas 
(2) Bennett, and his wife, Sarah Hub- 
bard ; their son. Deliverance Bennett, 
and his wife, Mary Biggs ; their son, 
William Bennett, and his wife, Abigail 
Hickock; their son, Thaddeus Bennett, 
and his wife, Mary Piatt ; and their son, 
Piatt Bennett, all of Connecticut birth 



2272 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and death save Piatt Bennett, who died 
at Horseheads, New York, and is buried 
in Elmira. Piatt Bennett married Martha 
Wheeler, who lies by his side. Their son. 
Judge Ziba Bennett, was born at Weston, 
Connecticut, and died in Wilkes-Barre on 
November 4, 1878, aged seventy-eight 
years. He was one of the foremost men 
of the Wyoming Valley, although not a 
pioneer. He was engaged in mercantile 
and banking business for sixty years, and 
was the oldest merchant in Luzerne 
county. For half a century he was a de- 
vout useful member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church, and donated the land 
in Franklin street on which the present 
church stands. He married Hannah Fell 
Slocum, November 25. 1824. 

George Slocum Bennett after prepara- 
tion in Wilkes-Barre schools, entered 
Wesleyan University, Middletown, Con- 
necticut, whence he was graduated 
Bachelor of Arts, and commencement day 
orator, class of 1864, receiving from his 
alma mater in 1867 the degree of Master 
of Arts. Upon leaving college he en- 
gaged in the banking business in W'ilkes- 
Barre, associating with his father in the 
private banking house of Bennett, Phelps 
& Company as a member of the firm. At 
about the same time he became a director 
of the Wyoming Bank, was a member of 
the first board of directors of the Wyo- 
ming National Bank, its successor, and at 
a meeting of the board held February 13, 
1895, was elected president of the bank, 
succeeding Sheldon Reynolds, who died 
February 8, 1895. President Bennett 
most ably filled the high position to 
which he was called, only surrendering 
the responsibilities the ofiice entailed a 
few days prior to his death. 

He was actively interested "officially 
with many other corporations and busi- 
ness enterprises. From 1876 until 1909 
he was treasurer of the Wilkes-Barre 
Bridge Company; 1891-1910, a director 



of the Wilkes-Barre Lace Manufacturing 
Company; 1891-1899, a director of the 
Wyoming Valley Coal Company; 1893- 
1898, a director of the Wilkes-Barre Gas 
Company; 1895-1910, a director of the 
Hazard Manufacturing Company; 1895- 
1896, a director of the Wilkes-Barre 
W^ater Company, and until 1910 a director 
of the Sheldon Axle and Spring Com- 
pany. 

In 1871 Mr. Bennett was elected presi- 
dent of the Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation, and a member of the board of 
managers, serving until 1887, from 1868 
to 1870 he was a member of the borough 
council. From 1870 until 1873 he was a 
member of the school board, again from 
1879 to 1882, and its president in 1883. 
From 1873 until 1910 he was a trustee of 
Wyoming Seminary, Kingston, Pennsyl- 
vania; trustee of the First Methodist 
Episcopal Church of Wilkes-Barre, 1874- 
1910; and superintendent of the Sunday 
school, 1868-1910; manager of the Wilkes- 
Barre City Hospital, 1876-1910; trustee 
of Wesleyan University, at Middletown, 
Connecticut, his a!i)ia mater, 1888-1910; 
trustee of Drew Theological Seminary, 
Madison, New Jersey, 1888-1910; presi- 
dent of board of trustees of Wyoming 
Seminary ; a lay delegate to the General 
Conference of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, at Cleveland, Ohio, 1896; vice- 
president of Pennsylvania Bible Society, 
1905 ; a manager of Hollenback Cemetery 
Association, 1878-1905; and a member of 
the Wyoming Historical and Geological 
Society. Mr. Bennett was always a loyal 
and generous supporter of every worthy 
enterprise conducted for the business ad- 
vancement and improvement of his native 
city, but as the above list shows was 
equally interested in its charitable, re- 
ligious, and social institutions. Broad- 
minded and zealous, he met the biblical 
description of a man "diligent in business, 
fervent in spirit, serving the Lord." 



2273 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



At a special meeting of the board of di- 
rectors of the Wyoming National Bank 
held January 3. 1910, the following pre- 
amble and resolutions were adopted : 

The announcement of the death of Mr. Ben- 
nett has fallen with grave import upon the 
Wyoming National Bank, over which institution 
he has presided for fifteen j'ears, and of which 
he was a director for forty-five years. 

His long experience in banking, his conserva- 
tism, intelligence, high sense of honor, and noble 
character, eminently fitted him for the position 
he so faithfully and forcefully sustained, and 
which aided greatly in maintaining the high 
standards and position of the bank. 

Mr. Bennett's interest in and labors for the 
welfare of our community raised him to the 
front rank of our citizens, and his loss to the 
many varied and important financial and chari- 
table institutions with which he was connected, 
is most serious and far reaching. 

Beyond and above all this, his work and love 
for his Church and the religious life for which it 
stands — to which he consecrated his best efforts, 
and in which he achieved his noblest success — 
has made his loss more heartfelt and irrepa- 
rable. 

We wish to express our high estimate of his 
worth and character, our individual sense of loss 
we as his fellow directors have sustained, and to 
convey to those dear to him upon whom the 
grief and pain of separation fall so overwhelm- 
ingly the sincerity of our sympathy, and our 
deep appreciation of their bereavement. 

Mr. Bennett married, September 7, 
1871, Ellen Woodward Nelson, daughter 
of Rev. Reuben Nelson, D.D., and his 
wife, Jane Scott Eddy. Children: i. 
Martha Phelps, married Lawrence Bul- 
lard Jones, a lawyer of Wilkes-Barre. 2. 
Reuben Nelson, A.B., graduate of Wes- 
leyan University, class of '97 ; of Law 
School, University of Pennsylvania, 
LL.B., class of 1900 ; chosen to succeed 
his father as a member of the board of 
directors of Wyoming National Bank, 
January 11, 1910; member of city council 
of Wilkes-Barre, 1905-1918; and a mem- 
ber of the Luzerne county bar, admitted 
in 1900. 3. Ziba Piatt, graduate of Wes- 



leyan University, A.B., class of 1903 ; 
member of Lewis & Bennett Hardware 
Company, successors to the business 
founded by his grandfather, Ziba Ben- 
nett, in 1826. 

Dr. Reuben Nelson was a son of 
/\.braham Nelson, born October 8, 1782, 
married Huldah Nelson, who bore him 
twelve children. They lived at Wales, 
now Delaware county, New York. Dr. 
Nelson was born at Andes, New York, 
December 16, 1818. died in New York 
City, February 20, 1867. He was a 
man of classical and theological culture, 
preaching and teaching in New York 
State until 1844, when he was appointed 
the first principal of Wyoming Seminary 
at Kingston, Pennsylvania. He was then 
twenty-six years of age, a regularly or- 
dained minister of the Methodist Episccn 
pal church. From 1844 until 1872, with 
the exception of one year when he was 
presiding elder of the Wyoming district, 
he was principal of the seminary. 

As principal. Dr. Nelson achieved suc- 
cess almost unparalled in the history of 
seminaries and preparatory schools. His 
ability as a teacher, his executive skill 
and financial wisdom, his indomitable 
courage and preseverance, his moral 
power, his fervid piety, thoroughly 
equipped him for his work and made 
Wyoming Seminary one of the most use- 
ful and meritorious of educational insti- 
tutions. In 1872 he was elected an agent 
of the Methodist Episcopal Book Con- 
cern in New York City, and treasurer of 
the missionary societies of his church, an 
office he held until his death. He was a 
delegate to the general conference of his 
church in i860, 1864, 1868, 1872, and in 
1876, leading the delegation at the last 
three conferences, and in 1876 was chair- 
man of the committee on the episcopacy. 
Union College conferred upon him the de- 
gree of Master of Arts in recognition of 
his ability as a teacher, and Dickinson 



2274 




/^f. ^t/^l-o--^ 




\1 



^^K^iy^>«-t-M_i ft 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BlOGRAr'HY 



College that of Doctor of Divinity in 
recognition of his eloquence as a preacher. 
He was a man of great natural energy, 
yet calm, quiet and undemonstrative. He 
was systematic and exact in business 
habits, and by virtue of a strong pleasing 
personality exerted a great influence over 
young men. His great work, his life 
work, was done at Wyoming Seminary, 
and that school will ever be his monii- 
ment. In 1883 his widow, "in considera- 
tion of the desire and purpose tO' aid and 
benefit the seminary to which the labors 
of her husband were for many years de- 
voted," deeded to the school the house 
built by Dr. Nelson, and which was their 
residence until going to New York, in 
1872. The gift was in full accord with 
the noble impulse of the gentle woman, 
who was her husband's co-worker and 
shared her husband's interest in the sem- 
inary. In 1887, Nelson Memorial Chapel 
was erected by friends of the seminary as 
a tribute to the memory of Dr. Nelson. 



BENNETT, Ziba, 

Merchant, Financier, TTsefnl Citizen. 

Although not of a pioneer Wyoming 
Valley family. Judge Ziba Bennett was 
one of the representative men of his day, 
was one of the leading merchants of the 
valley, for sixty years was engaged in 
business, was a member of the Pennsylva- 
nia House of Assembly, and was associate 
judge of Luzerne county. For half a 
century he was one of the strong pillars of 
Methodism in Wilkes-Barre, and in all 
that was good, ennobling, or elevating, 
this courtly, gracious gentleman of the old 
school lent his means, his time, and his 
influence. 

Judge Bennett was of Connecticut 
birth, son of Piatt and Martha (Wheeler) 
Bennett, a descendant of James Bennett, 
of England, who came with the Pilgrims 



and was made a freeman of Concord, 
Massachusetts, May 13, 1639. Through 
intermarriage the Bennetts were con- 
nected with the oldest and best blood of 
the New England colonies. 

Ziba Bennett was born in Weston, Con- 
necticut, November 10, 1800, and died in 
Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, November 
4, 1878. In 1815 he came to Wilkes- 
Barre, Pennsylvania, at the solicitation of 
Colonel Mathias Hollenback, and was 
employed in the principal Hollenback 
store, then located on South Main street. 
Seven years later, in 1822, he became a 
partner with George M. Hollenback in a 
general store business. In 1826 he pur- 
chased the Stephen Tuttle store and busi- 
ness on North Main street, continued that 
business, and became one of the leadir^g 
merchants of the Wyoming Valley. At 
his death after sixty years of mercantile 
life, he was head of the firm of Ziba Ben- 
nett & Company, and the oldest merchant 
in Luzerne county. He developed the 
soundest business qualities, was a man of 
unquestioned business integrity, clear- 
headed, and possessing rare judgment. 
He was naturally cautious and conserva- 
tive, but when his judgment was satisfied 
that success in any venture was possible, 
he boldl}^ stepped even into untried fields. 
He was uniformly successful, was associ- 
ated with many Wilkes-Barre enterprises 
of his day, and was one of the men who 
laid broad and deep the foundation oi the 
city's prosperity. He was one of the 
founders, a director from organization in 
1829 and for ten years president of the 
Wyoming Bank of Wilkes-Barre, and 
was for years president of the Wilkes- 
Barre Bridge Company and of the Hol- 
lenback Cemetery Association. He was 
one of the incorporators of the Wilkes- 
Barre Gas Company, Wilkes-Barre Water 
Company, the Miners' Savings Bank, and 
founder in 1862 of the private banking 



2275 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



house of Bennett, Phelps & Company, 
and its active head until death. 

He was one of the founders of the 
Home for Friendless Children, and of 
other well-known benevolent institutions, 
and contributed liberally not only to the 
support of his own church but to the 
maintenance of several other religious 
and charitable bodies. He was for more 
than fifty years a devoted and useful 
member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, gave to that church the land upon 
which the Franklin street church stands, 
and was equally interested in the spiritual 
life of the church. 

In 1833 he was elected a member of the 
Pennsylvania House of Assembly, and 
was one of the legislators who supported 
the bill giving the State free public 
schools. He was a member of the Reform 
Convention that met in Harrisburg in 
1834, and took active part in its delibera- 
tions. In 1842 he was appointed associate 
judge of Luzerne county. In all his pub- 
lic service he displayed the same careful 
interest in the welfare of the State that 
characterized his private business man- 
agement, and was faithful to every public 
trust. Kindly hearted, generous and gra- 
cious, his life was both a blessing and an 
inspiration. 

Judge Bennett married (first) in 
Wilkes-Barre, November 25, 1824, Han- 
nah Fell Slocum, born April 16. 1802. died 
February 5. 1855, daughter of Joseph and 
Sarah (Fell) Slocum. He married (sec- 
ond) November 18, 1856, Priscilla E.. 
daughter of James Stewart Lee, and 
granddaughter of Captain Andrew Lee, 
an officer of the Revolution. Children by 
first marriage : Joseph Piatt, died in in- 
fancy; Martha Wheeler, married John 
Case Phelps (of mention elsewhere in 
this work) ; George Slocum, of Wilkes- 
Barre. — 1 ' _^. 



PHELPS, John Case, 

Man of Large Affairs. 

Of Connecticut birth and Puritan an- 
cestry but a Pennsylvanian and resident 
of Wilkes-Barre from 1862 until his 
death, Mr. Phelps as banker and busi- 
ness man was a well-known, highly in- 
fluential man of affairs in both New York 
City and the city of his adoption, W' ilkes- 
Barre. He was one of the potent factors 
in the industrial development of that 
city, and in addition to a wonderfully suc- 
cessful private business life he was 
mainly instrumental in securing for the 
Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Rail- 
road Company those immense tracts of 
coal lands that are the rock-bed upon 
which the prosperity of that corporation 
rests. He was a man of strikingh' hand- 
some appearance, with sterling qualities 
of heart and mind, kindly hearted, gener- 
ous, and genial. He won his way upward, 
beginning as clerk, then merchant, 
banker, manufacturer, and official, prov- 
ing his right to rank with Pennsylvania's 
"Captains of Industry." He was a warm 
supporter of all measures tending toward 
W'ilkes-Barre's progress, and gave freely 
of his time and means to aid the cause 
of philanthropy. For thirty years. 1862- 
1892, Wilkes-Barre was his home, and no 
native son was more genuinely interested 
in the upbuilding of the city than he. 

Mr. Phelps was a direct descendant of 
William (2) Phelps, baptized at Tewkes- 
bury, Gloucestershire, England. August 
15, 1599, died at Windsor. Connecticut. 
July 14, 1672. son of William and Dorothy 
Phelps and grandson of James and Joan 
Phelps. William (2) Phelps came to 
America on the "Mary and John," land- 
ing at what is now Dorchester. ]Massa- 
chusetts, March 30, 1630. He came with 
the forty emigrants led by Revs. John 
W.irham and Samuel Maverick as their 



2276 




/^, ^. 




ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGIL\PHY 



pastors, all members of a church organi- 
zation in Plymouth, England, and was one 
of the only seven men in this church who 
were entitled to the address of "Mr.," a 
title then given only to men of scholarship 
or high position. He was one of the first 
jury empaneled in New England, 1630, 
and when in 1636 he moved to Windsor, 
Connecticut, he was appointed by the 
General Court of Massachusetts one of 
the commission to govern the people of 
Connecticut, holding that position until 
Connecticut became an independent col- 
ony. He rose to high position, was Gov- 
ernor's Assistant, member of the Govern- 
or's Council, and deputy to the Connecti- 
cut General Court for fifty-six sessions. 
He lived for forty-two years in New Eng- 
land, thirty-six of them in Windsor, "a 
pillar in Church and State." He married 
his first wife, Elizabeth, in England, she 
and five children accompanying him to 
New England. He married (second) at 
Windsor, Mary Dover, born in England, 
who is said to have been a fellow pas- 
senger on the "Mary and John." 

The line of descent from William 
Phelps, "the Puritan," is through his fifth 
child, Joseph Phelps and his first wife, 
Hannah Newton ; their son, Lieutenant 
Joseph Phelps and his third wife, Mary 
Case. Lieutenant Joseph was deputy to 
the General Court of Connecticut from 
Simsbury thirty-six sessions, was justice 
of the peace, ensign, lieutenant, and cap- 
tain. The line continues through his son. 
Lieutenant David Phelps and his wife, 
Abigail Pettibone ; their son, Captain 
David Phelps, an officer of the Revolution 
and brother of General Noah Phelps, a 
captain of the Revolution, major-general 
of militia, judge of probate, deputy twen- 
ty-two ses.-^ions, and father of Governor 
Elisha Phelps. Captain David Phelps 
married Abigail priswold, of distin- 
guished ancestry, and had nine children, 
the line of descent being through Alex- 



ander, their seventh child. Alexander 
Phelps married Elizabeth Eno, and had 
nine children, of whom Jaman Hart 
Phelps, father of John Case Phelps, was 
third. 

Jaman Hart Phelps, born August 7, 
1/99) died in Wilkes-Barre, at the home 
of his son, John C, August 4, 1885. He 
moved to Dundaff, Pennsylvania, with 
his brothers, and there engaged in busi- 
ness as a tanner, continuing forty years. 
He then established in the real estate 
business in Scranton, then made his home 
with his son, John C, in Wilkes-Barre, 
until his death. He married, January i, 
1823, Abigail Hoskins, born in Simsbury, 
Connecticut, daughter of Asa and Abigail 
(Case) Hoskins, a descendant of John 
Hoskins, who came to New England in 
the ship "Mary Ann" in 1630. Through 
this intermarriage the Phelps family is 
connected with many of the oldest and 
most prominent Connecticut and Massa- 
chusetts families. 

John Case Phelps, son of Jaman Hart 
and Abigail (Hoskins) Phelps, was born 
in Granby, Connecticut, April 20, 1825, 
died in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, July 
14, 1892. He obtained a good practical 
English education, and when his parents 
moved to Dundaflf accompanied them, 
being then two years old. Later he went 
to New York City, there engaging first 
as clerk, later as proprietor, continuing in 
successful business operation until 1862. 
Taking up his residence in Wilkes-Barre, 
Pennsylvania, at that date, he became a 
member of the banking house of Bennett, 
Phelps & Company. This firm failed dur- 
ing a season of severe financial depres- 
sion, but subsequently paid every dollar 
of indebtedness in full, with interest. 
Mr. Phelps won recognition as a man of 
unusual business capacity and personal 
integrity, and during his business life in 
Wilkes-Barre, covering a period of thirty 
years, had many important connections 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



with the large corporations of the valley. 
He was vice-president of the Lackawanna 
& Bloomsburg Railroad Company, direc- 
tor of the Delaware, Lackawanna & 
Western Railroad Company, president 
and treasurer of the Wilkes-Barre Gas 
Company, vice-president of the Sheldon 
Axle Company, director of the Wyoming 
National Bank, director of the Ancora 
Coal Company, and had other business 
interests. As representative of the Dela- 
ware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad 
Company he made very extensive pur- 
chases of anthracite coal lands, the 
securing of these lands the crowning suc- 
cess of his life, and a transaction which 
earned him the gratified appreciation of 
the railroad company. He was a member 
of the Wilkes-Barre Board of Trade, and 
as chairman of the committee on manu- 
factures was conspicuously identified 
with many movements that aided greatly 
in the industrial development of the city. 
He stood for all that was best in civic life, 
and as a man of force, character, and 
integrity wielded an influence for great 
good. He supported church and philan- 
thropy, serving as secretary for the Home 
for the Friendless, and giving greatly of 
his substance. 

Mr. Phelps married, in Wilkes-Barre, 
September 20, 1854, Martha Wheeler 
Bennett, born August 2, 1833, who sur- 
vives him. Mrs. Phelps is a daughter of 
Judge Ziba Bennett and his first wife, 
Hannah Fell Slocum, and a descendant 
of James Bennett, of English birth, who 
was made a freeman of Concord, Massa- 
chusetts, May 13, 1639. On her mother's 
side she is a granddaughter of Hon. 
Joseph Slocum, born April 9, 1777, died 
September 27, 1855, and his wife, Sarah 
Fell. The ancestor of this branch of the 
Slocum family is Anthony Slocum, who 
was one of the "first and ancient pur- 
chasers" of Cohannet, 1637, which in 1639 



was incorporated as (now) Taunton, 
Massachusetts. 

Children of John Case and Martha 
Wheeler (Bennett) Phelps: i. Anna 
Bennett, married, March 31, 1903, Eus- 
tace Herbert Burrows, of London, son of 
Major-General Arthur Burrows, of the 
British army. 2. William George, presi- 
dent of the First National Bank of Bing- 
hamton, New York ; vice-president of 
Security Mutual Life Insurance Com- 
pany, of Binghamton, and director of 
many corporations ; married Caroline Ives 
Shoemaker. 3. Francis Alexander, heati- — 7 
of Phelps, Lewis & Bennett, largely inter- 
ested in many corporations : married Mar- 
garetta Darling Brown. 4. Grace Lee, 
married, November 8, 1887, Henry Bar- 
stow Piatt, son of Hon. Thomas Piatt, of , 
New York. 5. Ziba Bennett, married 
Elizabeth Drown ; engaged with the 
Mutual Life Insurance Company at 
Binghamton, New York, and is very 
much interested in charitable organiza- 
tions. 



PHELPS, Francis Alexander, 

Prominent Business Man, Financier. 

The position held by the Phelps family 
in the Wyoming Valley of Pennsylvania 
has been ever an important one, the 
Pennsylvania branches worthily follow- 
ing in the footsteps of their long line of 
distinguished New England ancestors. 
From Pennsylvania sons of the family 
have gone out and have risen to eminence 
in dift'erent walks of life, while those who 
remained have carried high the banner 
of progress, contributing materially to 
the upbuilding of their communities. To 
the latter class belongs Francis Alex- 
ander Phelps, who, although not native to 
the city, began and ended his valuable 
business life in Wilkes-Barre. He was 
one of the men who by loyalty, devotion. 



2278 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and enterprise have given Wiikes-Barre 
and the Wyoming Valley of Pennsyl- 
vania so proud a name, and while a great 
monument marks an historical happening 
of the Revolution, nearby the monument 
to Air. Phelps and the builders of Wiikes- 
Barre is in the city itself, its prosperity 
and its present importance. 
/ Francis A. Phelps, second son and 
"■ third child of John Case (q. v.) and 
Martha Wheeler (Bennett) Phelps, was 
born in New York City, May 4, 1859, ^"^ 
died at Laurel Run, Luzerne county, 
Pennsylvania, July 6, 191 Lr. After attend- 
ance at W'ilkes-Barre public schools and 
academy he prepared for college at East- 
hampton Preparatory School, then en- 
tered Wesleyan University at Aliddle- 
town, Connecticut, where he completed 
his years of preparation for the sterner 
business of life. His rise in the business 
world was rapid, and at the close of his 
too short life he had gained an honorable, 
lofty position in Wilkes-Barre's business 
activity. He chose the hardware busi- 
ness, and as head of Phelps, Straw & 
Company and of its successor, Phelps, 
Lewis & Bennett, conducted a large and 
prosperous business until his death. 
While this business was his chief interest, 
Mr. Phelps was intimately connected 
with other corporations, and acquired 
large holdings of real estate. From 1892 
until his death he was a valued director 
of the Wyoming National Bank of 
Wiikes-Barre, director of the Hazard 
Manufacturing Company, director of the 
Parrish Coal Company, director of the 
Bayliss Pulp and Paper Company of 
Binghamton, New York, and Canada, also 
having other business connections of 
minor importance. In the management 
of these corporations he was not a lay 
figure, but was active in their direction, 
and was listened to with respect by his 
associates in board discussions. Amid 



the many expressions of regret at his 
death the following, from the directors 
of the Wyoming National Bank, with 
whom he was so long and so harmoni- 
ously connected, places a just estimate 
upon his character and worth to the com- 
munity : 

Whereas, The Directors of the Wyoming 
National Bank, having heard with great sorrow 
the announcement of the death of Francis Alex- 
ander Phelps, a member of the board since July 
20, 1892, and secretary since January 11, 1905, 
and 

Whereas, He will be sorely missed from the 
Board of Directors, as his great business experi- 
ence, conservatism, intelligence and noble char- 
acter made him an exceedingly valuable and 
useful member, and 

Whereas, He was always faithful and regular 
in his attendance at meetings and gave strict 
attention to all business of the bank at all times, 
and 

Whereas, He was a Christian gentleman, de- 
voted to works of charity, and of great benefit 
to the community; therefore be it 

Resolved, That we express our estimate of 
his worth, the sense of loss we, his fellow 
directors, have sustained and to convey to his 
family the sincerity of our sympathy in their 
bereavement. 



Mr. Phelps was a highly regarded 
member of the Hardware Men's Asso- 
ciation, and found social relaxation, exer- 
cise, and the enjoyments of warm per- 
sonal friendships in the Westmoreland 
Club of Wiikes-Barre, and the Lauren- 
tian Club of Canada. He loved the great 
out-of-doors, and frequently availed him- 
self of the privileges of the latter club. 
He was a Republican in politics, a com.- 
municant of the Presbyterian church, and 
a life member of the Wyoming Historical 
and Geological Society. 

Mr. Phelps married, October 24, 1889, 
Margaretta Darling Drown, daughter of 
William Appleton and Elizabeth (Darl- 
ing) Drown. Children : William Drown. 
Alice Darling (wife of Dallas Way 
2279 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Haines), and Frances Alexander. Mrs. 
Phelp's mother, Elizabeth (Darling) 
Drown, was a daughter of Judge William 
Darling, born in i)Ucksport, Maine, but 
from youthful manhood a resident of 
Reading, Pennsylvania, where he read 
law, was admitted to the bar, and even- 
tually became president judge of Berks 
County Court of Common Pleas. He 
was United States Commissioner to the 
World's Fair held in London in 185 1, 
and while there delivered a series of 
addresses on the relations of Great 
Britain and the United States. He mar- 
ried Margaret Vaughn Smith, daughter 
of John Smith, of Berks county. 



BUTLER, George Hollenback, 

LaTvyer, Hiimanitarian, Patriotic Citizen. 

A man's friends may through prejudice 
over-estimate his talents, his personal 
graces and worth, but communities do not 
err in their expressed verdict of the value 
of a man's life. Known far and near as 
a wise lawyer, an openhanded humani- 
tarian, and patriotic citizen, George H. 
Butler was especially claimed by the 
Wyoming Valley section as its very own. 
The feeling held for him throughout the 
boroughs,' cities, and rural communities, 
many of whom he served in a professional 
capacity, was best expressed through his 
home borough, Dorranceton, in a coun- 
cil and citizens' meeting held to express 
sorrow at their great municipal and per- 
sonal loss. It is usual for municipal and 
business bodies to pass resolutions of 
respect for a departed associate, but for 
a community in special meeting publicly 
to eulogize one whose only claim to such 
honor was that he had served them well 
as official, legal adviser, friend, and 
neighbor, was a touching tribute to the 
memory of a good man. The resolutions 
of respect adopted by the borough council 



and citizens' meeting of Dorranceton tell 
their own story: 

Whereas, our esteemed friend and fellow citi- 
zen, George H. Butler, has been removed from 
our midst by the hand of death, and 

Whereas, the citizens and town council of the 
Borough of Dorranceton have met to pay 
tribute to his memory as one who served this 
municipality as its first burgess and for many 
years its valued and efficient legal counselor, 
and also as one who had the welfare of the 
entire West Side close to his heart; 

Therefore, be it Resolved, That we extend to 
his bereaved family our sincere and heartfelt 
sympathy. 

The official expression of the value of 
his life to the community was followed by 
addresses by prominent men of the bor- 
ough, who testified to Mr. Butler's worth 
as a good neighbor and a true friend, as 
a zealous and untiring worker, as a care- 
ful, diligent official, as a competent legal 
adviser, and who spoke of his charity and 
his interest in borough welfare as official 
and citizen. To this public expression the 
legal fraternity, through their associ- 
ations and other bodies with which Mr. 
Butler was connected, and a host of per- 
sonal friends, added both written and 
spoken eulogy of their long time friend 
and brother. 

George H. Butler was a member of the 
distinguished family that has made his- 
tory glorious in the Wyoming Valley. 
He was a great-grandson of General Lord 
Butler, famous for his service in Indian 
warfare, and a great-grandson of Colonel 
Zebulon Butler, of Revolutionary fame. 
In every generation men of mark have 
borne the Butler name, but none more 
worthily than the twentieth century rep- 
resentative, George Hollenback Butler. 
The Butlers of Wyoming Valley herein 
recorded spring from Lieutenant William 
Butler, who died in Ipswich, Massachu- 
setts, August 2, 1730, after a residence 
there of nearly half a century. He was 



2280 





U'(i^i^J2..U<iS2jOf2MX&^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the owner of considerable land, as was 
his son, John Butler, of Ipswich, Massa- 
chusetts, and Lyme, Connecticut, his resi- 
dence in Lyme dating from the year 1736. 
John Butler married Hannah Perkins, 
daughter of Abraham and Abigail 
(Dodge) Perkins, granddaughter of Isaac 
and Hannah (Knight) Perkins, great- 
granddaughter of John (2) Perkins, quar- 
termaster of Ipswich in 1675, and great- 
great-granddaughter of John (i) Perkins, 
who came to Massachusetts from Bristol, 
England. With the sons of John and 
Hannah (Perkins) Butler the history of 
the family in the Wyoming Valley be- 
gins. Three sons — Colonel Zebulon, John, 
and Samuel — were in the valley prior to 
the Revolution ; Samuel, a school teacher 
in Wilkes-Barre in 1774-75, returning 
later to Connecticut. The life of Colonel 
Zebulon Butler, the oldest son, says 
Charles Miner, "is the history of Wyom- 
ing. Almost every letter of its annals 
bears the impress of his name and is the 
record of his deeds." A tablet erected 
to his memory in Wilkes-Barre by the 
Wyoming Historical and Geological So- 
ciety thus summarizes his remarkable 
life: 

IN MEMORY OF 

COLONEL ZEBULON BUTLER 

Born Ipswich, Mass., 1731 

Died Wilkes-Barre, Pa., 179s 

Commanded 

The America forces at Wyoming, Pa. 

July 3, 1778. . 

Ensign, 3rd Regiment Conn. Troops, I7S7-I758. 

Lieutenant 4th Rgt. 1759. 

Captain 1760-1762. 

Served in the Havana Campaign. 

Col. 24th Conn. Rgt., Wyoming, 1775. 

Lieut. Col. Continental Line, 1776-1778. 

Colonel Continental Line, 1778-1783. 

Retired June 3, 1783. 

Member Connecticut State Society 

of the Cincinnati, 1783. 

Member Connecticut Assembly 1774-1776. 

Justice 1774-1779. 

Judge 1778-1779- 

228 



County Lieutenant Luzerne County, 1787- 1790. 

Erected by Some of His Descendants 

July 25, 1904. 

Colonel Butler was thrice married, the 
line of descent to William H. Butler being 
through General Lord Butler, eldest child 
of the colonel's first wife, Anne Lord, to 
whom, he was married in Lyme, Connec- 
ticut, December 23, 1760. She was born 
April 4, 1736, at Lyme, died in Wilkes- 
Barre in the spring of 1773, daughter of 
John and Hannah (Rogers) Lord, and 
granddaughter of Lieutenant Richard and 
Elizabeth (Hyde) Lord. 

Lord Butler, born in Lyme, Connecti- 
cut, December 11, 1761, was brought to 
Wilkes-Barre with the family in 1772, and 
there resided until his death, March 3, 
1S24. Again says Charles Miner: "In 
all his various offices. General Butler 
maintained the highest character for 
faithfulness and ability. No public ser- 
vant ever deserved better of the public. 
Decided in his political opinions, free in 
expressing them, his opponents said he 
was proud. If an unworthy pride was 
meant, the charge was unjust. He was a 
man of stern integrity, and lived and died 
highly respected and esteemed, while in 
his family and social circle he was justly 
and tenderly loved." 

General Butler was the first sheriff of 
the county of Luzerne. He was brigadier- 
general of Pennsylvania militia ; member 
of the Supreme Executive Council ; pro- 
thonotary ; clerk of the Orphans' Court 
and Court of Quarter Sessions ; Register 
of Wills and Recorder of Deeds ; was the 
first postmaster of Wilkes-Barre, resign- 
ing in 1802 to take his seat in the State 
Legislature ; was a member of the first 
town council of the borough of Wilkes- 
Barre, president of that body ; treasurer 
of Luzerne county, and county commis- 
sioner. He was one of the incorporators 
of Wilkes-Barre Academy, and a trustee, 
I 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1807-1824. General Lord Butler married, 
May 30, 1786, Mary Peirce, third child of 
Abel and Ruth (Sheppard) Peirce, a de- 
scendant of Thomas Peirce, who came 
from England to Massachusetts in 1634. 
Major Ezekiel Peirce, grandfather of 
Mary Peirce, was one of the original 
members of the Susquehanna Company, 
and one of the original settlers in the 
Wyoming Valley in 1763. He was named 
as town clerk and recorder of deeds for 
the new town of Westmoreland, was an 
officer of the Twenty-fourth Connecticut 
Regiment, survived the battle and mas- 
sacre of Wyoming. July 3, 1778, and died 
at his home in Kingston in 1779 or 1780. 

Abel Peirce, father of Mary (Peirce) 
Butler, was the eldest child of Major 
Ezekiel and Lois (Stevens) Peirce. He 
was a constable of Kingston township in 
1772, served at Lexington with a party of 
minute-men from Plainfield, Connecticut. 
April 20, 1775. then returned to the 
Wyoming Valley and served with the 
Twenty-fourth Connecticut Regiment. 
He was justice of the peace in Kingston, 
and was otherwise prominent until his 
death, May 23, 1814. He married, in 
Connecticut, Ruth, daughter of Lieuten- 
ant Isaac and Dorothy (Prentis) Shep- 
pard, of Plainfield, Connecticut, her an- 
cestors among the earliest settlers of 
New London. Connecticut. General 
Lord Butler and Mary Peirce were the 
parents of ten sons and daughters, of 
whom the eldest son and second child 
was Peirce. 

Of Peirce Butler a biographer has said : 
"He was possessed of an uncommon share 
of native good sense, and sound, dis- 
criminating judgment, and a happy 
benevolent disposition. Few men ever 
had fewer enemies, and none ever had 
warmer or more sincere friends." He 
was born in Wilkes-Barre, January 27, 
17S9. was a farmer of Kingston township. 
Luzerne county, died March 30, 1848. He 

228, 



married, February 2, 1818, Temperance 
Colt, born December 27, 1790, died May 
10, 1863, eldest child of Arnold and 
Lucinda (Yarrington) Colt, of Lyme, 
Connecticut, and Wyoming, Pennsyl- 
vania. 

James Montgomery Butler, second son 
of Peirce and Temperance (Colt) Butler, 
was born in Kingston, Pennsylvania, and 
there died. December 9. 1861. He mar- 
ried, March 18, 1852, Martha Lazarus, of 
German descent, born September 28, 1832, 
daughter of John and Polly (Drake)' 
Lazarus and granddaughter of George 
and Mary (Hartzell) Lazarus, of North- 
ampton county. John Lazarus moved to 
Hanover township. Luzerne county, in 
1800, there became a large landowner, and 
died in 1844. Two of the five children of 
James Montgomery and Martha (Laza- 
rus) Butler died young. Three sons grew 
to manhood and prominence — Peirce, of 
Dorranceton ; George H., of whom fur- 
ther; and James Montgomery (2). 

From such ancestry came George Hol- 
lenback Butler, born in Kingston town- 
ship, Luzerne county, Pennsylvania, Sep- 
tember 2, 1857, died in Dorranceton, 
Pennsylvania, March 20, 1914, third child 
and second son of James Montgomery 
and Martha (Lazarus) Butler. He ac- 
quired an education in private Wilkes- 
Barre schools kept by W. S. Parsons and 
W. R. Klingman, and after completing 
preparatory courses in these schools 
entered Wyoming Seminary, where he 
completed his classical course and was 
graduated. He then began the study of 
law under the preceptorship of Edward 
P. and J. Vaughn Darling, completing his 
studies, passing the required examina- 
tions, and gaining admission to the 
Luzerne county bar, which he adorned 
from the date of admission, June 6, 1881, 
until his death, a period of thirty-three 
years. He was in turn admitted to the 
higher courts, and conducted an exten- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



sive business in all, State and Federal. 
He was attorney for many m.unicipalities, 
and under his professional guidance im- 
portant questions affecting municipalities 
were brought to decisive issue. He loved 
his profession, delighted in its intricate 
points, gave special study to municipal 
law, and was a recognized authority, 
sought in consultation when not engaged 
as counsel. He was a hard worker, and 
his high standing as a lawyer was gained 
not more through his learning than 
through his persistent industry. He read, 
studied, and searched for precedent and 
light, and never appeared in a cause with- 
out first mastering its every detail. He 
won and held the highest respect of the 
bench and bar, was helpful to the young 
lawyer, was modest and unassuming, and 
the friend of all. 

He was deeply interested in many 
forms of charitable work, and as secre- 
tary and member of the Central Poor 
Board of the county gave much of his 
time to judiciously distributing relief to 
the poor of the valley. He was great- 
hearted and sympathetic, thoughtful of 
others, and willing at all times to sac- 
rifice his personal comfort to alleviate 
distress. He was actively connected with 
the United Charities, and in an unosten- 
tatious way aided in State-wide charity. 
He introduced a bill in the Pennsylvania 
Legislature having for its object the relief 
of deserted or neglected wives. His deep- 
est concern was ever manifested in the 
welfare of Dorranceton. He was con- 
nected with every movement for its 
progress and betterment, while the legal 
needs of the borough were in his charge 
as attorney from the date of incorporation 
until his death. That he was loved and 
appreciated, the foregoing resolutions 
attest. He was a member of the various 
legal associations of the district and State, 
and was a member of the Wyoming Com- 
memorative Association, which he served 



as corresponding secretary. He gained 
admission to the Pennsylvania Society, 
Sons of the Revolution, through right of 
descent from Colonel Zebulon Butler, 
General Lord Butler, Major Ezekiel 
Peirce, and Abel Peirce, all Wyoming 
Valley soldiers of the Revolution. 

In political faith Mr. Butler was a Re- 
publican, but his profession was his great 
passion, and to it he gave his life. He 
served as director and secretary of the 
Central Poor District of Luzerne county, 
not for publicity, but because he loved the 
work, and served Dorranceton in a pro- 
fessional capacity because he was genu- 
inely interested in his borough and de- 
sired to serve it in the manner in which 
he could be most useful. In church com- 
munion he was affiliated with the Epis- 
copal faith. 

Mr. Butler married, May 8, i8go, Ger- 
trude Taylor Stoddart, daughter of Jo- 
seph Marshall and Eliza (Fahnestock) 
Stoddart, and a descendant of Lieutenant 
Isaac Ashton, of the Philadelphia Artil- 
lery, 1777, through whose patriotic service 
she became a member of Wyoming Val- 
ley Chapter, Daughters of the American 
Revolution, and of George Mifflin, a 
member of Philadelphia Common Coun- 
cil, 1730, through whom she gained 
membership in the Colonial Dames of 
America. Mrs. Butler survives her hus- 
band, a resident of Dorranceton. Chil- 
dren : John Lord, Georgine Gilbert, and 
Gertrude Stoddart, the latter dying in 
infancv. 



SCHOOLEY, Harry Barnum, 

Financier, Corporation Official. 

Harry Barnum Schooley, of Wilkes- 
Barre, who was born at Wyoming, 
Luzerne county, Pennsylvania, October 
5, 1869, is descended from John Schooley, 
who came from England to New Jersey 
about the year 1700. Some of the latter's 



2283 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



immediate descendants early settled in 
Burlington and others in northern New 
Jersey, in what is now Sussex county, 
where the family name is perpetuated by 
Schooley's Mountain, not many years ago 
a well-known and popular summer resort. 

Jedediah Schooley, a grandson of the 
above mentioned John Schooley, had a 
son, Joseph P. Schooley, who was born 
April 17, 1785, at Greenwich, Warren 
county, New Jersey. In 1809 he was 
married in Warren county to Margaret 
Barber, and in 1818 they removed from 
New Jersey to Wyoming Valley, Penn- 
sylvania, taking up their residence in the 
township of Exeter (near what is now the 
borough of Wyoming), upon a large farm 
which Mr. Schooley had purchased. Here 
they resided until their respective deaths, 
Mr. Schooley dying in 1875. 

Joseph P. and Margaret (Barber) 
Schooley were the parents of the follow- 
ing-named children: i. Jesse Barber. 2. 
Jedediah. 3. Mary Ann. 4. William. 5. 
Elizabeth. 6. Mehitable. 7. Joanna. 8. 
Joseph. 9. Margaret. 

Jesse Barber Schooley was born April 
I, 181 1, in Warren county, New Jersey, 
and removed thence to Wyoming Valley 
with the other members of his father's 
family. He was educated in the schools 
of that section, and there for a number 
of years, while still under age was em- 
ployed in various industrial capacities; in 
his early twenties he was quite exten- 
sively engaged in transporting coal and 
general merchandise by canal-boat on 
the Morris & Essex canal. Mr. Schooley 
later became engaged in mercantile busi- 
ness at Wyoming, continuing in the same 
for many years, part of which time in 
partnership with Thomas F. Atherton, 
who a number of years later became the 
first president of the Second National 
Bank of Wilkes-Barre. During this 
period Mr. Schooley began to invest in 
valuable coal lands, one of the principal 

2: 



tracts which he purchased and owned 
until his death being that upon which 
the Mount Lookout Colliery and its work- 
ings have been located for a considerable 
number of years. He also conducted a 
general store in Pittston, a few miles 
from his home, and was engaged in coal 
mining operations there and the manu- 
facture of brick. He was postmaster at 
Wyoming for some years about 1879, but 
the business of the office was largely 
managed by his son, Jesse B. Schooley. 
At the time of his death, which occurred 
at Wyoming, December 15, 1884, Mr. 
Schooley was a director of the Second 
National Bank of Wilkes-Barre. 

Jesse Barber Schooley was married, at 
Wyoming, February 20, 1838, to Eliza 
J., daughter of John and Jerusha (John- 
ston) Brees. John Brees was the son of 
Captain Samuel Brees, and the grandson 
of John Brees of Somerset county, New 
Jersey. The last named was born in Hol- 
land about 1713; located in New Jersey 
in 1735; was married in 1736 to Dorothy 
Riggs (born in 1713, and died in 1803) ; 
served as a private in the Somerset 
county. New Jersey, militia, in the Revo- 
lutionary War; died in Somerset county. 
Captain Samuel Brees, son of the above 
named John and Dorothy Brees, was born 
in Somerset county, April 17, 1758; was 
a soldier in the Revolutionary War; was 
married in 1780 to Hannah Pierson (born 
March 15, 1760, and died April 9, 1817). 
Samuel Brees, accompanied by his wife 
and their children, left Basking Ridge in 
Somerset county, for Wyoming Valley, 
June 3, 1789. Eight days later they ar- 
rived at Wilkes-Barre. The following 
month they removed to Kingston, and 
1802 they located at New Troy, where 
Captain Brees had purchased a farm from 
Joseph Swetland. In 1815 and later 
years. Captain Brees was an inn-keeper 
at New Troy, where he died July 21, 
1837, being survived by several children. 
184 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



The children of Jesse Barber and Eliza 
J. (Brees) Schooley were as follows: i. 
Fannie. 2. Margaret J. 3. Elizabeth S. 
4. Joseph J. 5. Jennie E. 6. Kate M. 7. 
Jesse B. 8. Jam,es M. 

Joseph J. Schooley was born at Wyo- 
ming, Luzerne county, Pennsylvania, 
May 17, 1846. His education was ob- 
tained in the public schools and at Wyo- 
ming Seminary, Kingston, his course 
in the latter institution being in the Com- 
mercial Department, and completed by 
graduation. He began his business life 
as a clerk in a general store at Wyoming, 
and later was employed in a dry goods 
store at Wilkes-Barre. Then for a time 
he assisted his father in his farming oper- 
ations. In 1873 he became mileage clerk 
in the office of the Lehigh Valley Railroad 
Company at Wilkes-Barre, which position 
he resigned in 1876. Since then he has 
been engaged in several lines of business 
activity — chiefly commercial, insurance 
and investment securities. He has resided 
for a number of years in Wilkes-Barre, 
where he is a member of St. Stephen's 
Protestant Episcopal Church, the Wyomr 
ing Historical and Geological Society, and 
the Westmoreland Club. 

Joseph J. Schooley was married, No- 
vember 29, 1866, to Evelyn M. Jenkins 
(born at Pittston, Pennsylvania, May 26, 
1849, died at Wilkes-Barre, April 28, 
1913), fourth child of Jabez Hyde and 
Mary (Earned) Jenkins. 

Jabez Hyde Jenkins was a great-grand- 
son of John Jenkins (born at East Green- 
wich, Rhode Island, February 6, 1728), 
who in 1750 settled in Colchester, New 
London county, Connecticut, and later 
became a school teacher there. In Octo- 
ber, 1753, he became a member of the 
Susquehanna Company of Connecticut, 
under whose auspices some years later 
Wyoming Valley was settled, chiefly by 
emigrants from Connecticut. About the 
years 1762 John Jenkins began to take 



an active part in the affairs of the Susque- 
hanna Company, and as a result became 
one of the company of settlers who in 
1762 and 1763 attempted to establish 
themselves on the banks of Mill creek, 
just north of the present city of Wilkes- 
Barre ; and he was there undoubtedly at 
the time of the massacre of October 15, 
1763, when the settlement was broken up, 
and those who escaped the fury of the 
savages fled to their former homes. In 
February, 1769, John Jenkins was one of 
the "First Forty" settlers who retook 
possession of the Wyoming lands in be- 
half of the Susquehanna Company, and to 
whom the company awarded as "a. gra- 
tuity," what is now the township of 
Kingston. 

John Jenkins was also one of the pro- 
prietors of Exeter township (laid out by 
the Susquehanna Company in November, 
1772), and there he settled with his fam- 
ily, within the present limits of the bor- 
ough of West Pittston. From that period 
until about the time of his death, John 
Jenkins filled a leading position in the 
public affairs of the Wyoming settle- 
ments, and his name appears many times 
on the pages of Wyoming's history. He 
was one of the two representatives from 
the town of Westmoreland (into which 
the Wyoming region had been erected by 
Connecticut in 1774) to the General 
Assembly of Connecticut held in May, 
1776, and in May and October, 1777. 
From June, 1777, till June, 1778, he held, 
by appointment of the General Assembly 
of Connecticut, the office of chief judge of 
the Westmoreland courts. During the 
autumn of 1778 and again in the spring 
of 1783 he acted as clerk of the Probate 
Court of Westmoreland. When in May, 
1784, several hundred Connecticut settlers 
were expelled from Wyoming by the 
Pennsylvanians, Judge Jenkins and his 
family were among those who were thus 
outraged, and they fled to Goshen, 



PA— Vol VII— 4 



2285 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Orange county. New York. Near there, 
in the following November, Judge Jen- 
kins died. 

Judge John Jenkins was married, Au- 
gust I, 1750, to Lydia (born March 20, 
1727), daughter of Stephen and Frances 
(Congdon) Gardner, of Colchester, New 
London county, Connecticut. Stephen 
Gardner was an early and active member 
of the Susquehanna Company. Mrs. 
Lydia (Gardner) Jenkins died in Exeter 
township, Wyoming Valley, October 22, 
1804. 

Judge John and Lydia (Gardner) Jen- 
kins were the parents of six sons and one 
daughter, all of whom were born in New 
London county, Connecticut. The eldest 
of these children was John Jenkins, Jr., 
born November zy, 1751. He came to 
\Yyoming Valley first in the spring of 
1772, and beginning with the year 1776 
was closely identified with the public hfe 
of Wyoming for many years. In October, 
1775, he was appointed by the General 
Assembly of Connecticut, ensign of the 
Seventh (or Exeter) Company of the 
Twenty-fourth (or Westmoreland) Regi- 
ment, Connecticut Militia. In May, 1777, 
he was appointed surveyor of lands in 
and for Westmoreland. In November. 
1777, while in command of a scouting 
party of militiamen which had been sent 
up the river from Wilkes-Barre, Ensign 
Jenkins was captured near Wyalusing b}' 
a band of Indians and Tories, and carried 
of? to Fort Niagara. After enduring 
man}' trials and privations as a prisoner, 
Mr. Jenkins escaped from his captors and 
returned to his home in Exeter, June 2, 
1778. 

During the battle of Wyoming, on July 
3, 1778, Forty Fort was garrisoned by a 
small detail of militia commanded by 
Ensign Jenkins, who, after the surrender 
of the fort on July 4, left the valley and 
joined at what is now Stroudsburg, Penn- 
sylvania, the company of Continental sol- 



diers commanded by Captain Simon 
Spalding. ]Mr. Jenkins was given the pro- 
visional appointment of lieutenant, and 
served as such prior to and after the 
arrival of the command at Wilkes-Barre 
in the following month. In September, 

1778, Lieutenant Jenkins took part in 
Colonel Hartley's military expedition to 
Tioga Point against the Six Nation 
Indians, and early the next spring he was 
commissioned lieutenant by Congress, 
and regularly attached to Captain Spald- 
ing's company. He took part with much 
credit in the Sullivan expedition against 
the Six Nation Indians in the summer of 

1779, after which, until February, 1781, 
he remained at Wilkes-Barre with his 
company, forming part of the garrison of 
Fort Wyoming under the command of 
Colonel Zebulon Butler. During this 
period (to wit, in May, 1780), Lieutenant 
Jenkins was appointed and commissioned 
one of the justices of the peace in and 
for W^estmoreland. 

Early in March, 1781, Captain Spalding 
and his company, including Lieutenant 
Jenkins, joined the main army under 
General Washington at and near New 
Windsor, New York. In the following 
October they were present at the sur- 
render of Lord Cornwallis and his army in 
Virginia. Returning to New York, Lieu- 
tenant Jenkins spent the ensixing winter 
with his company in camp on the banks 
of the Hudson. He resigned from the 
service March i, 1782, and returned to 
Wyoming Valley. In November, 1785, 
diter the jurisdiction of Connecticut over 
the W^yoming region had ceased, and be- 
fore the county of Luzerne had been 
erected by the Pennsylvania Legislature, 
the Susquehanna Company's Wyoming 
settlers organized among themselves a 
militia regiment, and elected John Frank- 
lin colonel and John Jenkins, Jr., major. 
In the spring of 1788, Luzerne county 
having been duly erected and organized, 



2286 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Major Jenkins was elected lieutenant- 
colonel of the "Second Battalion of 
Luzerne County Militia." In 1797 he 
served, by election, as one of the com- 
missioners of Luzerne county, and in 1803 
was elected as one of the two representa- 
tives from Luzerne county to the Penn- 
sylvania Legislature. 

Colonel John Jenkins, Jr., was married 
at Exeter, June 23, 1778, to Bethiah (born 
in Salem, Connecticut, September 14, 
1752), eighth child of Jonathan and 
Rachel (Otis) Harris, Jonathan Harris 
being the son of Lieutenant James Harris, 
of New London, Connecticut, who was 
born in Boston, Massachusetts, April 4, 
1673. 

Some years subsequent to the Revolu- 
tionary War, Colonel Jenkins became the 
owner of a large tract of land in Exeter 
township which had formerly been in the 
possession of the Tory family of Winter- 
mute, and upon which Wintermute Fort 
stood at the time of the battle of Wyo- 
ming. Upon the site of this fort Co]onel 
Jenkins built a frame dwelling-house, 
which he occupied with his family until 
his death, which occurred March 19, 1827. 
His widow died there August 12, 1842. 

Colonel John and Bethiah (Harris) 
Jenkins were the parents of three daugh- 
ters and five sons, the third of whom was 
Harris Jenkins, born July 22, 1784, and 
died at Pittston, Pennsylvania, August 
II, 1850. During his long life he was a 
farmer, school teacher, clerk and mer- 
chant, being held in high esteem by his 
friends and neighbors, and exercising 
much influence in his community. In 
1820 and 1821 and other years about that 
period, he was an inn-keeper in Kingston 
township. From December, 1845, to 
December, 1848, he was register of wills 
and recorder of deeds for Luzerne county, 
and for a number of years at that period 
was a justice of the peace. Prior to 1821 
he was commissioned a colonel in the 



Pennsylvania militia. He became a mem- 
ber of Lodge No. 61, Free and Accepted 
Masons, Wilkes-Barre, August 2, 1819, 
and was senior warden of the lodge in 
1822, and worshipful master in 1825, suc- 
ceeding in the latter office the Hon. Gar- 
rick Mallery, and being followed in 1826 
by the Hon. Andrew Beaumont, of 
Wilkes-Barre. 

Colonel Harris Jenkins was married, 
January 5, 1808, to Mary Booth (born 
February 14, 1790), and they became the 
parents of the following named children: 
I. Harriet Lucinda. 2. John K. 3. Jane 
E. 4. William. 5. Jabez Hyde. 6. 
Stephen B. 7. Annette. 8. Mary B. 

Jabez Hyde Jenkins (born November 6, 
1815; died January 11, 1850) was married 
in 1835 to Mary (born December 22, 
1816), second child of Theophilus and 
Betsey (Smith) Earned, of Wyoming. 
Theophilus Earned was born at Killingly, 
Connecticut, December 26, 1791, the son 
of Theophilus and the grandson of Eben- 
ezer Earned. The last named was one of 
the original proprietors of the Susque- 
hanna Company, and his name appears as 
one of the grantees in the Indian deed of 
1754 for the conveyance of the Wyoming 
lands. At the time of the Lexington 
alarm in April, 1775, Ebenezer Earned 
served as a private in Captain Joseph 
Cady's company of the Eleventh Regi- 
ment, Connecticut Militia. He died at 
Killingsly, December 6, 1779. Theophi- 
lus Earned, Jr., was married, October 23, 
1814, to Betsey Smith (daughter of David 
Smith and Lucy (Gore) Smith, a daugh- 
ter of Obadiah Gore) and they resided at 
Wyoming until April, 1840, when they 
removed with their eleven children to 
Huntington township, Luzerne county, 
Pennsylvania. August 9, 1821, Mr. Earned 
became a member of Lodge No. 61, Free 
and Accepted Masons, Wilkes-Barre. He 
died at Huntington, March 2, 1873, ^"^ 
his widow died there November 17, 1877. 
87 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Jabez Hyde and Mary (Larned) Jen- 
kins were the parents of the following- 
named children: i. John Kirby. 2. 
Charles W. 3. Helen D. 4. Evelyn M., 
who, as previously noted, became the wife 
of Joseph J. Schooley. The children of 
Joseph J. and Evelyn M. (Jenkins) 
Schooley are: i. Fannie, who is the wife 
of John B. Russell, formerly of Wilkes- 
Barre, and now of New York City. 2. 
Harry Barnum Schooley, who, as pre- 
viously noted, was born at Wyoming, 
October 5, 1869. When quite young his 
parents removed to West Pittston, Penn- 
sylvania, where he attended the public 
schools until he entered Wyoming Semi- 
nary at Kmgston. Upon completing his 
course of studies there he began his busi- 
ness life as a bookkeeper in the general 
store of Simpson & Watkins, at Duryea, 
Pennsylvania, where he continued until 
October, 1891. Then he was a book- 
keeper in the Second National Bank of 
Wilkes-Barre until 1897, when he began 
business for himself as a dealer in invest- 
ment securities. He is still extensively 
engaged in this business, and is also the 
owner of valuable and remunerative real- 
estate holdings in Wilkes-Barre and else- 
where. 

Mr. Schooley is secretary and treasurer 
of the Adder Machine Company of King- 
ston, Pennsylvania ; a director (since 
1906) of the Second National Bank of 
Wilkes-Barre; one of the corporators of 
the Wilkes-Barre Railway Company in 
1909, and since then a director of the com- 
pany ; a director of the Raub Coal Com- 
pany. He is a member of the Pennsyl- 
vania Society of Sons of the Revolution ; 
the Pennsylvania Society (New York 
City) ; the Wyoming Historical and 
Geological Society, Wilkes-Barre ; the 
Westmoreland Club, Franklin Club, 
Wyoming Valley Country Club, and St. 
Stephen's Protestant Episcopal Church, 
Wilkes-Barre. 



LATHROP, William Arthur, 

Iieader in Anthracite Coal Industry. 

William Arthur Lathrop was born in 
Springville, Susquehanna county, Penn- 
sylvania, August 4, 1854. He descended 
on both paternal and maternal sides from 
old New England families, his paternal 
ancestor being the Rev. John Lothrop, 
the noted divine of Scituate and Barn- 
stable, Massachusetts. The English 
home of his family was Cherry Burton, a 
parish four miles from Lowthorpe, East 
Riding of Yorkshire. The family line is 
traced back to John Lowthroppe, a 
gentleman of extensive landed estate, 
great-grandfather of the Rev. John Loth- 
rop, who was baptized December 20, 1584, 
and died November 8, 1653. New Eng- 
land continued the family home for four 
generations — Samuel, son of Rev. John 
Lothrop ; Izrael, son of Samuel Lothrop ; 
Benjamin, son of Izrael Lathrop ; and 
Benjamin (2), son of Benjamin Lathrop. 
In the fifth American generation, Asa, 
son of Benjamin (2) and Martha (Adgate) 
Lathrop, located in Susquehanna county, 
Pennsylvania, September 22, 1803. He 
married Alice Fox, who bore him seven 
children, of whom James was the eldest 
son. James Lathrop, born in New London 
county, Connecticut, June 17, 1785, died in 
Susquehanna county, Pennsylvania, July 
6, 1854. He married Lydia E. Burchard, 
also of New England parentage. His son, 
Dr. Israel Burchard Lathrop, was born in 
Susquehanna county, Pennsylvania, July 
21, 1821, died in Spring\-ille, February 19, 
1900. He was a graduate of the Albany 
(New York) Medical College, and for 
fifty years was the leading physician of 
Susquehanna county, a high type of man- 
hood. He married Mary Elizabeth Bolles. 

William Arthur Lathrop was the sec- 
ond son of Dr. Israel Lathrop. He studied 
in the Springville schools, then entered 
Lehigh University, where he graduated 



2288 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



with the degree of Civil Engineer in 1875. 
During his professional work on leaving 
the university he continued his studies, 
and was later given the degree of Engi- 
neer of Mines by the university. 

After graduation he entered the employ 
of the Lehigh Valley Railroad Company 
as civil engineer under the late Robert 
H. Sayre, then chief engineer of that road, 
continuing in this work until 1879, when 
he became associated with Major Irving 
A. Stearns, at Wilkes-Barre, in general 
mining and civil engineering work. They 
remained in business together until 18S1, 
when Mr. Lathrop assumed the manage- 
ment of the late Joseph Wharton's iron 
mines in northern New Jersey. A few 
years later he was sent by several Phil- 
adelphia capitalists into the then virgin 
Pocahontas coal field in Tazewell county, 
West Virginia. He made a thorough in- 
spection of the property, then a wilder- 
ness, and planned and opened up the coal 
mines and built the town of Pocahontas. 
This is today one of the leading bitumi- 
nous fields in the United States. Mr. 
Lathrop remained in West Virginia until 
1885, when he became superintendent of 
the bituminous operations of the Lehigh 
Valley Coal Company at Snowshoe, 
Center county, Pennsylvania. In Febru- 
ary, 1888, he returned to Wilkes-Barre as 
general superintendent of all the coal 
producing properties of the Lehigh Val- 
ley Coal Company. He was then thirty- 
four years of age. He continued with this 
company until 1902, when he was elected 
president of the Webster Coal and Coke 
Company and the Pennsylvania Coal and 
Coke Company. These companies have 
one of the largest reserves of bituminous 
coal in Pennsylvania. In 1907, Mr. Lath- 
rop was elected president of the Lehigh 
Coal and Navigation Company and its 
subsidiary companies — the Lehigh & 
New England Railroad Company and the 
Alliance Coal Mining Company. This 



parent company is the oldest of the an- 
thracite producing companies, and he re- 
mained as its head up to his death in 
1912. Mr. Lathrop was heavily interested 
in bituminous operations in West Vir- 
ginia, being president of the Lathrop Coal 
Company, the Jed Coal and Coke Com- 
pany, and the Columbia Collieries Com- 
pany in that region. He was also presi- 
dent of the Lehigh Navigation Electric 
Company, the Allentown Terminal Com- 
pany, the Delaware Division Canal Com- 
pany, and the Wilkes-Barre and Scranton 
Railroad Company. He was a director of 
the Lehigh & Hudson Railroad Company, 
Tresckow Railroad Company, Old Ban- 
gor Slate Company, the Allentown Slate 
Company and the Vulcan Iron Works. 
He was a director of the Peoples' Bank of 
Wilkes-Barre and the Fourth Street Na- 
tional Bank of Philadelphia and the Guar- 
antee Title & Trust Company of Phila- 
delphia. He was a member of the Insti- 
tute of Mining and Metallurgy, and was 
a vice-president of the American Insti- 
tute of Mining Engineers. 

Mr. Lathrop was a member of the Sons 
of the American Revolution, the Penn- 
sylvania Society of New York, the Engi- 
neers' Club and the Railroad Club of New 
York ; the Union League, University and 
Art clubs in Philadelphia ; and West- 
moreland Club, Wyoming Valley Coun- 
try Club and Wyoming Valley Historical 
Society of Wilkes-Barre. 

Mr. Lathrop married (first) in 1875, 
Lois J. Nace, who died in Bethlehem, 
Pennsylvania, the same year. He mar- 
ried (second) March 21, 1881, Harriet 
Eliza Williams, born July 26, 1856, 
daughter of Charles Freeman and Eliza 
(Campbell) Williams, of New York City. 
Mrs. Lathrop survives her husband, 
residing at the beautiful family home in 
Dorranceton. She is a descendant of 
Richard Williams, of Taunton, Massa- 
chusetts, and of John Howland, a "May- 



2289 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



flower" passenger, and of William Camp- 
bell, of Glasgow, Scotland, who with his 
daughter Eliza came to the United States 
about 1794. Children of William A. and 
Harriet E. Lathrop : Helen, born March 
.12, 1887, died in infancy; Helen, born 
April 24, 1889, married Dr. L. M. Thomp- 
son, and resides in Dorranceton, Pennsyl- 
vania. 

No sketch of Mr. Lathrop's career can 
be complete without mentioning his many 
achievements in the coal mining industry, 
his life long connection with and service 
for his alma mater and his widespread 
reputation as a maker of mine managers. 
The major portion of Mr. Lathrop's busi- 
ness life was spent in the operating and 
executive branches of the anthracite coal 
producing companies. In an address be- 
fore the American Institute of Mining 
Engineers by Mr. E. W. Parker, Chief 
Statistician of the United States Geo- 
logical Survey, Mr. Lathrop was coupled 
with the late Eckley Brinton Coxe, of 
Drifton, as the two greatest figures in the 
anthracite mining industry. Mr. Lath- 
rop laid the basic foundation for the 
present organization of the Lehigh Valley 
Coal Company, which today ranks first 
in both efficiency and production of all the 
anthracite companies. He built the Pros- 
pect breaker of the above company, which 
was the first of the modern large opera- 
tions and still holds the high record for 
the largest annual production of any col- 
liery in the anthracite region. Mr. Lath- 
rop took charge of the Lehigh Coal and 
Navigation Company in 1906, when the 
equipment and organization were anti- 
quated and inefficient, and in four years 
he completely remodeled and equipped 
the operations so that the production of 
coal was increased one hundred per cent, 
and the value per mine car of coal mined 
and prepared, was increased about forty 
per cent. He financed, built, and com- 
pleted a thirty-seven mile extension to 



the Lehigh & New England railroad, join- 
ing the main line to the mines of the 
Lehigh Coal and Navigation Company, 
and directly originating an enormous 
tonnage of coal for the railroad company. 
He brought the canal operation of the 
company from a regular annual loss to a 
small annual profit. He built a beautiful 
clubhouse at the mines for the housing 
and comfort of the young engineers, and 
built comfortable and pleasant homes for 
his department heads, superintendents, 
and foremen. He conceived, financed, and 
built a modern central electric power 
station, equipped with the largest hori- 
zontal turbines and electric generators 
then built — together with a high tension 
tower transmission line from the mines 
down through the cement, slate, and in- 
dustrial regions of the Lehigh and Dela- 
ware river valleys, extending over fifty 
miles in length. This enormous under- 
taking was only partially complete at the 
time of his death, but has since been put 
into successful operation and is today 
transmitting electric energy, produced at 
low cost at the mines with small sized 
coal a few years ago considered worth- 
less, over the entire region between 
Mauch Chunk and Phillipsburg, New 
Jersey. Mr. Lathrop's plan, already 
worked out at the time of his death, to 
finally transmit this cheap power to Phil- 
adelphia and New York, will in all likeli- 
hood be realized, as the project so far has 
proven fully as successful as his esti- 
mates. 

A mine fire of small proportions had 
started in 1859 in the Summit Hill basin 
of the Lehigh Coal and Navigation Com- 
pany, and during the whole period from 
1859 to 1910 the company had fought 
this fire without controlling its progress 
towards their main Panther Valley basin, 
containing their great coal reserve of four 
hundred million tons. The proximity of 
this fire to the main basin became so 



2290 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



alarming in 1910 that, during the illness 
of his general superintendent at the mines, 
Mr. Lathrop came from Philadelphia and 
assumed personal charge of this work. 
After careful study of the situation he 
conceived the idea of excavating a twelve- 
foot ditch in front of the advancing fire 
from the surface down through the coal 
vein and directly across the basin. The 
work, encompassed with the greatest 
difficulties and dangers due to the prox- 
imity of the advancing fire, was accom- 
plished in four months tim.e, nearly five 
hundred men being employed, and the 
work progressing night and day. After 
the excavation was completed, the ditch 
was flushed full with clay and concrete 
cross walls constructed. The progress of 
the fire was successfully checked, and the 
danger to the great reserve of coal in the 
main basin eliminated. Mr. Lathrop read 
a paper on this work before the American 
Institute of Mining Engineers at their 
Wilkes-Barre meeting in 191 1. 

As a devoted and active alumnus of the 
university, Mr. Lathrop served Lehigh's 
interests faithfully and ably throughout 
his whole professional life. He served as 
alumni trustee for many years, and was 
vice-president of the Alumni x\ssociation 
for one term. In 1904 he was elected a 
trustee of the university, and on the death 
of Robert H. Sayre he succeeded him as 
president of the board of trustees of the 
university. Mr. Lathrop quietly helped 
many young men financially, so that they 
were able to gain an education at Lehigh, 
and he associated with himself many 
Lehigh men in his professional enter- 
prises. 

Perhaps no one in the anthracite coal 
business had a broader knowledge of m.en 
and affairs than Mr. Lathrop. He has 
been called "A Maker of Mine Man- 
agers." He associated with himself many 
young engineers, and it was his policy to 
watch them carefulh', and when he saw 

229 



willingness, talent, ability, and character, 
he proceeded to develop the man into one 
of his operating heads. There are today 
very many men at the executive or oper- 
ating helms of the anthracite and bitumi- 
nous companies who are proud of the fact 
that they are "Boss Lathrop's Boys.'' 
Mr. Lathrop combined the faculty of 
instilling into his subordinates not only 
the idea that they must serve faithfully 
and work hard to succeed from a busi- 
ness standpoint, but also, and most essen- 
tial of all, that they must do it to justify 
his trust in them. He gained his results 
from his men, more from the fact of their 
personal affection for him than from 
material gains or advancement to be 
expected. He insisted on going into the 
minutest details of the varied mining 
problems of his companies, and in this 
way he became known to all the foremen 
and assistants as well as department 
heads, and there is no name more looked 
up to and respected in the mining 
regions of Pennsylvania than that of Mr. 
Lathrop. 



BRUNDAGE, Asa, 

JjavryeT, Man of Sterling Character, 

There are businesses and there are 
professions in which the measure of a 
man's success may be determined by the 
amount and the value of material goods 
he has gathered to himself, but con- 
spicuous among those callings in which 
such a standard would be basely false 
and utterly misleading, is the law. True, 
great fortunes have been amassed from 
legal activity, but in the law a man might 
strive with diligence, might reap honor 
and glory from high intellectual endow- 
ments, might rise to prominence among 
his fellow practitioners, and still neglect 
entirely that financial watchfulness that 
brings material independence. Such a 
lawyer was Asa Brundage, who for sixty 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



years followed the legal profession with 
brilliant success, and who at his death 
was the oldest member of the Luzerne 
county bar. For him the upholding of 
right, the establishing of justice and the 
punishment of legal offenders were the 
paramount objects in all litigation, and, 
careless of his reward, he labored to these 
ends throughout the long years of his 
professional activity. The esteem and 
respect of his legal brethren was ever his ; 
by bench and bar and the public he was 
recognized by his stern integrity, his 
unswerving loyalty to the good and the 
just, and he was known as a man who, in 
all relations of life, great or small, con- 
sequential or unimportant, walked nobly 
erect. 

Asa Brundage was a descendant of 
Revolutionary ancestry, his grandfather, 
Captain Israel Brundage, coming from 
his English home prior to the Revolution 
in company with his two brothers. Cap- 
tain Israel gaining his commission in that 
conflict through his services to the colo- 
nial cause. Israel Brundage settled in 
New Jersey, and at Bloomfield, in that 
State, Moses S. Brundage, father of Asa 
Brundage, was born. Moses S. Brun- 
dage fought with New Jersey troops in 
the second war with Great Britain, and 
after its close moved to Conyngham, 
Luzerne county, Pennsylvania. Here he 
engaged in mercantile operations, pros- 
pering in business and becoming one of 
the leading citizens of his community. 
His wife, Jane Broadhead, was a daugh- 
ter of Judge Richard Broadhead, of 
Dutch ancestry, and a sister of Hon. 
Richard Broadhead, Jr., United States 
Senator from Pennsylvania. 

Asa, son of Moses S. and Jane (Broad- 
head) Brundage, was born at Conyngham, 
Luzerne county, Pennsylvania, March 
22, 1827, died at Wilkes-Barre, Pennsyl- 
vania, December 7, 191 1, aged eighty-four 
years. Until his fourteenth year he at- 



tended the public schools in the vicinity 
. of his birthplace, when, with Dr. J. B. 
Thornton and forty slaves, he departed 
for Jackson, Mississippi. At Centenary 
College, near Jackson, at Brandon, he 
continued his studies, graduating after 
five years with valedictorian's honors in 
a class of two hundred. He returned to 
the State of his birth after completing his 
classical education, and in the law office 
of Colonel Henry B. Wright began his 
preparation for a legal career, gaining 
admission to the bar in 1849. Within the 
six years following his beginning legal 
practice, he had gained such a strong 
position in the county and had acquired 
such worthy legal reputation that, when 
becoming the Democratic candidate for 
district attorney of Luzerne county in 
1855, he was elected, defeating Judge W. 
W. Ketchum. Still further public honor 
came to him in his nomination on the 
Democratic ticket for Congressman in 
1880, but, finding that he could not con- 
scientiously and honorably lend his sup- 
port to certain issues with which his 
party was then indissolubly identified, he 
withdrew from the congressional race, his 
manly action adding to, rather than de- 
tracting from, his reputation. To the 
public service he brought those fine quali- 
ties of mind and ability that had distin- 
guished him in private practice, and as a 
servant of the people he compromised not 
one whit more with the forces of wrong 
than when his personal honor alone was 
at stake. He stood the tests of years with 
noteworthy success, and in mind and 
body remained vigorous and alert until 
approaching death's door, when bodily 
ills were less easily resisted. Luzerne 
county had in him a loyal son, one whose 
fibre made strong the fabric of citizen- 
ship, and who was worthy of the honor 
that so lovingly surrounds his memory. 

Asa Brundage married, in 1S53, 
Frances Bulkley, daughter of Jonathan 



2292 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and Elizabeth (Simmons) Bulkley, her 
father coming to Wilkes-Barre, Pennsyl- 
vania, from Colchester, Connecticut, in 
iSo8, and becoming a large landowner of 
the Wyoming Valley. Asa and Frances 
(Bulkley) Brundage were the parents of 
two children: Richard B., who died in 
1910; and Mary, a resident of Wilkes- 
Barre. 



STEGMAIER, Frederick J., 

Prominent Business Man. 

The esteem in which Frederick J. Steg- 
maier, of Wilkes-Barre, was held was 
lovingly expressed at his funeral by hun- 
dreds of employees, intimate friends, and 
acquaintances. Lodges, clubs, boards of 
the various enterprises with which he 
was connected, sent delegates to pay 
their tributes of love and honor to the 
memory of a man whose life was rich in 
acts of charity and kindness. During his 
iifetiiiie one of the freest of givers to 
charity, his good deeds did not end with 
his death, but by his will churches, hos- 
pitals, homes, and retreats were fur- 
nished with means to carry on and to 
extend their beneficences. 

Frederick J. was a son of Charles Steg- 
maier, who was born in Gmund, Wiirt- 
temberg, Germany, October 7, 1821, died 
in Los Angeles, California, August 11, 
1906. At the age of fifteen years Charles 
Stegmaier was apprenticed to a brewer, 
became an expert, and until 1849 ^o"" 
lowed his calling in his native land. In 
the latter year he came to the United 
States, where he found employment with 
the brewing firm of Engle & Wolf, of Phil- 
adelphia, Pennsylvania. He remained in 
Philadelphia until 1851, when he engaged 
with John Reichard, who sent him to 
Wilkes-Barre, where he superintended 
the brewing of the first German lager 
made in the Wyoming Valley. Later he 
was in the employ of George Lauer in 

2: 



Pottsville, Pennsylvania, but in 1857 he 
returned to Wilkes-Barre, where he 
began business for himself in a small 
brewing plant on Hazel street. He was 
successful, and later formed a partner- 
ship with George C. Eaer under the firm 
name of Baer & Stegmaier. The panic of 
1873 brought about the financial down- 
fall of the firm, but soon afterward Mr. 
Stegmaier resumed business with his son. 
Christian C, as partner, under the firm 
name of Stegmaier & Son. The former 
prosperity of the firm Wc.s soon regained, 
and the business was so largely increased 
that in 1895 the Stegmaier Brewing Com- 
pany was incorporated with Charles 
Stegmaier as its first president, an office 
he held until his death. He was most 
progressive in his methods, and was not 
only a successful business man but was 
kindly hearted, charitable, and public- 
spirited. He loved the Fatherland, but 
he fully imbibed the spirit and principles 
of his adopted land and was an American 
to the core. He had many business inter- 
ests of importance, and at his death was 
a director of the First National Bank of 
Wilkes-Barre. He married, February 4, 
1852, at St. Mary's parsonage, V/ilkes- 
Barre, Rev. E. A. Shaughnessey officiat- 
ing, Kathleen Baer, who bore him five 
children : Charles J., Christian E., George 
J., Frederick J., and Louise. Two of the 
sons, Charles J. and Christian E., survive, 
residents of Wilkes-Barre. The daughter, 
Louise, married Philip Forve, of Los 
Angeles, California. 

Frederick J., son of Charles and Kath- 
leen (Baer) Stegmaier, was born in 
Wilkes-Barre, July 27, 1861, and died at 
his home on South Franklin street, 
Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, April 22, 
191 5. He was educated in the public 
schools, St. Nicholas Parochial School, 
and Wyoming Seminary, being a gradu- 
ate of the last named institution. He 
then became actively associated with his 

^93 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



father in business, and at the death of St. Nicholas Church, all of Wilkes-Barre, 



Charles Stegmaier, the father, Frederick 
J. Stegmaier succeeded him as president 
of the Stegmaier Brewing Company. It 
was through the foresighted planning and 
energy of the sons of Charles Stegmaier 
that the business founded by the father 
was developed until it became one of the 
largest and best equipped plants of its 
kind in the country. In addition to his 
responsibilities as head of the company, 
Frederick J. Stegmaier had other large 
and important interests. He was for 
man}' years president of the South Side 
Bank, a position ill health caused him 
to relinquish. He was a director of the 
First National Bank, director of the Fen- 
wick Lumber Company, director of the 
Stegmaier Realty Company, and largely 
interested with his brothers and Abram 
Nesbitt in the Wales Adding Machine 
Company. When the last company was 
threatened with absorption by rivals, 
these men fought for a number of years 
to retain the company as a separate plant 
manufacturing an independent machine, 
and finally succeeded. Mr. Stegmaier 
was interested in many other projects, but 
failing health during his latter years com- 
pelled him to withdraw from active par- 
ticipation in many. For four years he 
lived under the constant care of his phy- 
sician and knew that his days were 
numbered, but he neither lost courage nor 
became despondent. He passed the last 
winter of his life in the south, but after 
his return spent nearly every day in his 
office, literally "dying in the harness." 

He was kind and considerate, very gen- 
erous, charitable organizations having in 
him a liberal friend, and when his will 
was read it was found that Wilkes-Barre 
City Hospital, Mercy Hospital, United 
Charities, Nanticoke Hospital, Wilkes- 
Barre Home for Friendless Children, the 
Florence Crittenden Shelter and Day 
Nursery, and the Ladies' Aid Society of 



had been generously remembered, as had 
the Home of the Good Shepherd, St. Pat- 
rick's Orphanage, and St. Patrick's 
Foundling Home, of Scranton. During 
his life he served as a director of the City 
Hospital, knew its needs, and did his full 
share there as elsewhere in relieving 
suffering. He was a member of St. 
Nicholas Church (Roman Catholic) and 
was a member of the Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks, who after a 
solemn high mass of requiem in the 
church conducted final services at the 
Stegmaier mausoleum in Hollenback 
Cemetery. He was also a member of the 
Franklin Club and the Concordia Singing 
Society. 

The following resolutions were adopted 
by the directors of the First National 
Bank and faithfully reflect the high 
regard in which Mr. Stegmaier was held 
by his associates. 

Whereas, our friend and associate, Fred J- 
Stegmaier, has been removed from our circle, 
and 

Whereas, the directors of the First National 
Bank of Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, desire to 
record the appreciation and esteem in which Mr. 
Stegmaier was held; now, therefore. 

Be it Resolved, b)' the Board of Directors of 
the First National Bank of Wilkes-Barre, Penn- 
sylvania, that it is with sorrow that they have 
learned of the death of Fred. J. Stegmaier, who 
for many years, following in the footsteps of his 
father, Mr. Charles Stegmaier, and his brother, 
Mr. George J. Stegmaier, served this bank as a 
valued director; and further that it is with a 
feeling of distinct loss and grief that we now 
pay this tribute to his memory. 

Mr. Stegmaier was a safe counsellor, a loyal 
official, an zealous in promoting the interests of 
this institution. A man of the highest integrity, 
generous impulses, considerate of his neighbors, 
just in his business relations, and sincere in his 
friendships. 

Be it further Resolved, That the deep sym- 
pathy of the directors and officers of this bank 
be hereby extended to the bereaved family and 
that a copy of these resolutions be engrossed 



2294 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and presented to the family as a more permanent 
memento of our enduring affection and regard. 
William S. McLean, President. 

Frederick J. Stegmaier married, Janu- 
ary 14, 1890, Millie, daughter of Peter and 
Sophia (Schmidt) Schappert, of Wilkes- 
Barre, who survives him. Children: 
Frederick J. (2), Charles E., and Amelia, 
wife of Cloyd Pool, of New York City. 



GOFF, Warren Fox, 

Progressive Business Man. 

Eighty years was the span of life al- 
lotted to Warren Fox Goff, and of these 
years forty-six were spent in Wilkes- 
Barre, to which city he came in 1S69, 
floating down the river from Tunkhan- 
nock on a canal boat with his young wife 
and household goods, no railroad having 
then been built to Wilkes-Barre. His 
first home was on Hanover street, and for 
nearly half a century that early site was 
his residence. Business success and 
public honors came to him, and in return 
he gave to his adopted city rich service as 
a business man and citizen. He was one 
of the oldest lumber dealers in the city, 
one of its best known men, and had a 
wide acquaintance in every part of Lu- 
zerne county. For thirty years he was a 
partner of the lumber firm of Sturtevant 
& Goff, and for eleven years was associ- 
ated with his capable son, William S. 
Goff, in the Gofif Lumber Company. To 
this son, whom he reared in the strong 
light of worthy example, he leaves the 
proud heritage of an unsullied name and 
the record of a useful life that the son 
worthily emulates. Long life was vouch- 
safed Mr. Gofif and his bride of 1864, and 
for fifty-one years they traveled life's 
paths most happily, celebrating the 
golden anniversary of their wedding day 
in 1914. Then the strong arm on which 
she had leaned for half a century failed. 



and the pure soul floated away on the 
dark river where she could not follow. 
But in the old home on Hanover street to 
which she came nearly half a century ago, 
she continues her residence, happy in the 
love of her son and of many friends. 

The Gofiis came to Pennsylvania from 
Connecticut, settling first in Bradford 
county, where Goffs and Deckers were 
pioneers and prominent in the early set- 
tlement of the county. William Goflf, 
founder of the family in Pennsylvania, 
was born in Connecticut and became a 
pioneer settler of Bradford county, Penn- 
sylvania, owning a large tract of land in 
that county which he cleared and im- 
proved. He died when about ninety- 
eight years of age, his wife at the age of 
ninety-four. Thus length of years spent 
in honorable activity is a heritage of the 
Gofif name. 

William (2), son of William Gofif, the 
pioneer, was born in Bradford, and there 
lived most of his years, eighty-two. He 
was a farmer and landowner all of his 
active life, but a few years prior to his 
death moved to Canal Dover, Ohio. He 
married Anna Decker, whose father was 
one of the first surveyors in Bradford 
county, which was laid out according to 
his surveys. Anna (Decker) Gofif died 
aged seventy-three years, the mother of 
nine children. 

Warren Fox Gofif, son of William (2) 
and Anna (Decker) Gofif, was born at 
Durell, Bradford county, Pennsylvania, 
February 7, 1835, died in Wilkes-Barre, 
full of years and honors, April 6, 1915. 
He obtained a good common school edu- 
cation and passed the first twenty-six 
years of his life at the homestead. As he 
grew to years of helpfulness he became 
his father's assistant on the farm, and 
until 1861 remained with his parents. 
His ambition was for a business career, 
and when the way opened in 1863 he 



2295 



EXCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



went to New York City and took sub- 
contracts for the construction of sewers 
in that city and in Brooklyn. The 
country boy knew his business, and for 
three years he successfully competed with 
men older and with city experience. He 
then returned to Pennsylvania, locating 
at Mahoopany, Wyoming county, where 
he continued in the contracting business, 
one of his operations being the construc- 
tion of three miles of the roadbed of the 
Lehigh Valley railroad near Tunkhan- 
nock. In 1864 he married, and until 1869 
resided in upper Pennsylvania, engaging 
in lumbering, merchandising, and milling 
operations, meeting with unvarying suc- 
cess. In 1869 he packed his household 
goods on a canal boat and made the trip 
to Wilkes-Barre on the Susquehanna. 
Business opportunities meeting with his 
now matured judgment, he permanently 
located in Wilkes-Barre, where he opened 
a lumber yard on the site of the present 
Lehigh Valley passenger depot. He con- 
tinued in business alone for three years, 
then formed a partnership with his 
brother-in-law. Colonel S. H. Sturtevant, 
and established a lumber yard on Hazel 
street, where for thirty years the firm of 
-Sturtevant & Gofif continued a prosper- 
ous business. This firm was only dis- 
solved by the death of the senior partner. 
In the year 1900 the firm of Morgan & 
Goff. lumber dealers, was organized, the 
firm consisting of Charles Morgan, Ben- 
jamin Morgan, and William S. Gofif. In 
1904 the Morgan interests were purchased, 
and the firm reorganized as the Goff 
Lumber Company, with yards on South 
Pennsylvania avenue. Mr. Goflf and his 
son were the sole owners, and for eleven 
years continued in business together. 
When the close fellowship that had ever 
existed between them was severed by the 
hand of death, the son, William S. Goflf, 
continued the business, which has always 



been a large and prosperous one. Besides 
his large lumber interests, which included 
a planing mill, Mr. Gofif had other busi- 
ness connections outside of Wilkes-Barre. 
He was one of the oldest lumber dealers 
in the city, and retained active interest in 
the Gofif Lumber Company until his 
death, although the heavier burdens of 
management were borne by his son. He 
was a thorough master of the bu.siness, 
and for a half a century followed it 
with diligence and industry. He was 
thoroughly upright in all his dealings, his 
name being everywhere spoken with 
deepest respect. 

On coming to Wilkes-Barre, he and his 
wife became members of Central Metho- 
dist Episcopal church, being among the 
very oldest members of that congrega- 
tion. Mr. Gofif served a long time as 
trustee, and when the present beautiful 
church was erected he was a member of 
the building committee in charge of the 
work. He shaped his life according to 
the teachings of the Divine Master, and 
was a true disciple of the great Wesley, 
the father of Methodism. 

In public affairs he bore his full share 
of civic responsibility. He represented 
the Fifteenth Ward in Common Council 
for six years, that body being composed 
of but fifteen members when he first took 
his seat. He served on committees on 
fire and streets, and was chairman of the 
public property committee having in 
charge the erection of the City Hall, his 
name heading the list of the committee 
preserved on the memorial tablet in the 
main corridor. He was true to his own 
high ideals of citizenship, and gave to 
every public trust committed to him the 
same strict and careful super\rision that 
he bestowed upon his private affairs. So 
in usefulness his long life was spent, 
shirking no duty, asking no personal 
advancement, but always on the firing 



2296 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



line, ready to lend a hand anywhere for Morgan. Three children were born to 



the public good. 

On January 6, 1864, Mr. Goff married 
Harriet Morely Sturtevant, who survives 
him with an only son, William Sturte- 
vant Goff, one of Wilkes-Barre's repre- 
sentative business men and loyal citizens. 
She is a daughter of Liveris D. and Ada 
(Morely) Sturtevant, of Braintrim, Wyo- 
ming county, her father one of the lead- 
ing men of that section until his death. 
In 1914 the aged couple celebrated their 
golden wedding, surrounded by a host of 
friends who spared no effort in their de- 
sire to honor the occasion or to bear testi- 
mony to the love they bore their hosts. 

William S. Goff, only son of Warren 
Fox and Harriet Morely (Sturtevant) 
Goff', was born April 9, 1866, and since 
his third year has been a resident of 
Wilkes-Barre. He was educated in the 
public schools, Harry Hillman Academy, 
and Wyoming Seminary, entering busi- 
ness life as clerk for the lumber firm of 
Sturtevant and Goff, his father's firm. 
He mastered every detail of office and 
yard, continuing with his father until en- 
tering the employ of Alfred Lewis, the 
large lumberman of Bear Creek. In the 
year igoo he became a member of the 
lumber firm of Morgan & Goff, and when 
four years later his father bought the 
Morgan interests, formed with the latter 
the Goff Lumber Company, of which he 
is the present head. He inherits the sterl- 
ing qualities of his sire, and is one of 
Wilkes-Barre's progressive and promi- 
nent business men. He is a director of 
the Hanover Bank of Wilkes Barre, presi- 
dent of the Pennsylvania Lumbermen's 
Association (1915), president of the 
Franklin Club, and a trustee of Central 
Methodist Episcopal Church. 

William S. Goff married, October 15, 
1895, Mary E. Morgan, who died March 
14. 1907, daughter of Charles E. and Ellen 



Mr. and Mrs. Goff, Warren Morgan, 
Eleanor, and Mary. Mr. Goff married 
(second) October 20, 1909, Maude, daugh- 
ter of Richard A. Whiteman, and has a 
son, Richard. 



DOUGHERTY, General Charles B., 

Distinguished National Gnard Officer. 

Major-General Charles Bowman Dough- 
erty was born in Wilkes-Barre, Septem- 
ber 3, i860. His paternal grandfather 
was born in County Donegal, Ireland, 
having been expatriated from Ireland by 
reason of his activities in the "Young Ire- 
land Movement" in the early part of the 
nineteenth century. He emigrated to this 
country and located in Albany, New 
York, where the father of General Dough- 
erty was born. The grandfather and his 
son, Charles Dougherty, came to the 
Wyoming Valley early in the life of the 
latter, and settled at Nanticoke. 

On his maternal side, General Dough- 
erty is a descendant of John Blackman, 
who was born in England and came to 
America prior to 1640. John Blackman 
took up land at Dorchester, Massachu- 
setts, now a part of Boston. His third 
son, Joseph Blackman, married at Dor- 
chester, November 12, 16S5, Elizabeth 
Church, daughter of Joseph Church, of 
Little Compton, a brother of the redoubt- 
able fighter and lively chronicler. Captain 
Benjamin Church, who on August 12, 
1676, with his gallant band varsued King 
Philip, the son of Massasoit, and ended 
the life of that crafty barbarian, as well 
as King Philip's war. ' Joseph and Ben- 
jamin were sons of Richard Church, a 
soldier in the Pequot war, which ended 
in the extermination of the Pequot In- 
dians and their raids on the settlers. The 
wife of Richard Church was Elizabeth 
Warren, daughter of Richard Warren, 



2297 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



one of the passengers on the '"May- 
flower," which landed at Plymouth Rock 
in 1620. Richard Warren was one of the 
forty-one signers to the compact drawn 
up on the "Mayflower" before landing, 
and said to be the first constitutional 
covenant ever written by man for the 
government of a people. 

Elisha Blackman, one of the nine chil- 
dren of Joseph Blackman, whose wife 
was Elizabeth Church, was the father of 
Elisha Blackman, Jr., who emigrated to 
the Wyoming Valley in 1772. He was a 
lieutenant in the company commanded by 
Captain William H^ooker Smith, of the 
Twenty-fourth Connecticut Line, sta- 
tioned at Fort Wilkes-Barre. in the public 
square, at the time of the Wyoming Mas- 
sacre. His son, Elisha Blackman, was in 
the battle of Wyoming, escaped the mas- 
sacre and swam the river and fled to 
Wilkes-Barre, where he joined his father, 
the only man left in the fort at Wilkes- 
Barre, the others having gone with the 
women and children to the mountains to 
show them the way towards Stroudsburg 
and Connecticut. In the afternoon of the 
same day, father and son followed. In 
August young Elisha returned to Wyo- 
ming with Captain Spalding's company, 
and in October helped to bury the dead at 
Wyoming. A younger brother, Eleazer 
Blackman, was thirteen years old at the 
time of the invasion of the valley in 1778 
by the British and Indians under John 
Butler, and assisted in building the fort 
at Wilkes-Barre by hauling the logs. 
Eleazer Blackman afterwards became 
prominent in the militia. In September 
1800, he was elected and commissioned 
captain of the "First Troop of Horse," 
Second Brigade, Eighth Division, Penn- 
sylvania Militia. This position he held 
for a number of years, and in 1812 he 
attained the rank of major in the militia. 
From 1 801 to 1803 ^^ was one of the 



commissioners of Luzerne county; and 
from 1808 to 1810 treasurer of the county. 
He lived in Wilkes-Barre township, on a 
tract of land where the Franklin mine is 
now located, upon which he opened a 
mine known as "Blackman mines" — now 
known as Franklin mines. He died Sep- 
tember 10, 1843, '" the seventy-eighth 
year of his age. He was very promi- 
nently identified with Masonry, and was 
worshipful master of Lodge No. 61 from 
1804 to 1809. His daughter, Melinda 
Blackman, married Daniel Collings on 
October 7, 1813. Daniel Collings was 
born of English parentage at Easton, 
Pennsylvania, in 1793. He learned the 
trade of clockmaker, and early removed 
to Wilkes-Barre, where he carried on his 
trade and engaged in other business pur- 
suits for many years. An old clock now 
preserved in the rooms of the Wyoming 
Historical and Geological Society is a 
specimen of his handiwork, and for many 
years did service as "town clock" of 
Wilkes-Barre in the window of Mr. Col- 
ings' jewelry shop on North side of Public 
Square. Mr. Collings was postmaster, 
at Wilkes-Barre, for a number of years. 

Samuel P. Collings, Esq., second child 
of Daniel and Melinda (Blackman) 
Collings, was born in Wilkes-Barre, in 
May, 1816, and from 1835 to 1852 was 
editor and proprietor of "The Republican 
Farmer," newspaper of Wilkes-Barre. 
For purity of language, boldness of style, 
and cogency of reasoning, few men could 
excel him. Samuel P. Collings was a 
cadet at West Point, but resigned owing 
to ill health. In the fall of 1854 he was 
appointed United States Consul General 
at Tangier, Morocco, for which place he 
immediately sailed with his wife, two of 
his children, and his wife's youngest 
sister. Miss Eleanor Beaumont. He died 
at Tangier, June 15, 1855, of fever and 
congestion of the lungs, after an illness 



2298 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of three days. The State Department at 
Washinglon received from the Emperor 
of Morocco an autograph eulogy on the 
character of the late consul, showing the 
high esteem in which he had been held by 
the Emperor. 

Eleazer B. Collings, fourth child of 
Daniel and Melinda (Blackman) Collings, 
was born at Wilkes-Barre in 1820. When 
the "Wyoming Artillerists" were organ- 
ized, in 1842, he was made second ser- 
geant of the company, and subsequently 
he became first lieutenant and captain. In 
1846, upon the outbreak of the war with 
Mexico, the "Wyoming Artillerists" en- 
listed in the United States service as 
Company I of the First Regiment, Penn- 
sylvania Volunteers. Francis L. Bow- 
man, heretofore referred to, was commis- 
sioned major of the regiment. Edmund 
L. Dana was the captain of the company, 
and Eleazer B. Collings first lieutenant. 
After the surrender of Vera Cruz, in 1847, 
Lieutenant Collings being in ill health, 
was mustered out of the service at Vera 
Cruz, Mexico, 9th day of April, 1847. He 
was postmaster in Wilkes-Barre from 
1845 to 1849, and from 1858 to 1861, and 
was clerk of the courts of Luzerne county, 
1861 to 1867. He was postmaster at 
Wilkes-Barre two separate terms. 

George Collings, seventh child of Daniel 
and Melinda (Blackman) Collings, was 
born at Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, in 
1828. He enlisted in Company I, First 
Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, and 
served as a corporal in the same company 
in which his brother, Eleazer, was lieu- 
tenant in the war with Mexico, and was 
mustered out with the company at Wilkes- 
Barre upon its return from Mexico. In 
the Civil War he entered the service 
October 10, 1862, as second lieutenant. 
Company G, One Hundred Forty-third 
Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteer In- 
fantry, and was promoted to first lieu- 



tenant, November i, 1863. He was com- 
missioned a captain in the same company, 
November 20, 1863, but was not mustered 
in as a captain. He was discharged Sep- 
tember 7, 1864, as first lieutenant. 

Joseph Wright Collings, the eleventh 
child of Daniel and Melinda (Blackman) 
Collings, was born in 1838, and he en- 
listed as a musician in Company C, Eighth 
Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, April 
22, 1 861, and was discharged on the 
muster-out of the regiment. He after- 
ward served in another Pennsylvania 
volunteer regiment and was a tele- 
grapher for General Ulysses S. Grant 
during the time he was in command of 
the Army of the Potomac. He died in 
1878 of yellow fever at New Orleans, 
Louisiana. 

Charles Dougherty, the father of Gen- 
eral Dougherty, was born at Albany, New 
York, in 1835. He married Julia Beau- 
mont Collings, daughter of Daniel and 
Melinda (Blackman) Collings, May 30, 
1858. He was consul at Londonderry, 
Ireland, 1866-1867. He died at Wilkes- 
Barre, March 14, 1893. 

James Dougherty, a younger brother of 
Charles Dougherty, and uncle of Charles 
Bowman Dougherty, served as a private 
in Company D, Eighth Regiment Penn- 
sylvania Volunteers, during the Civil 
War, enlisting April 22, 1861, and served 
until the muster-out of his regiment, July 
29, 1861. He again enlisted in Company 
F, Two Hundred and Third Regiment In- 
fantry, Pennsylvania Volunteers, Septem- 
ber I, 1861, and served until the muster- 
out of the regiment at Raleigh, North 
Carolina, in June, 1865. 

Charles Bowman Dougherty enlisted 
as private in Company B, Ninth Regiment 
Infantry, National Guard of Pennsylva- 
nia, August I, 1881. He was detailed as 
regimental clerk, August 12, 1881 ; ap- 
pointed principal musician, July 27, 1882 ; 



PA- Vol VII-5 



2299 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



sergeant-major, May 9, 1883, reappointed 
November 7, 1884, and June 20, 1885 ; 
commissioned first lieutenant and in- 
spector of rifle practice, April 28, 1887, 
and reappointed June 23, 1890. He was 
elected major of the regiment, November 
3, 1892 ; lieutenant-colonel, June 22, 1894, 
and colonel, July 14, 1897, and was re- 
elected, July 14, 1902. 

At the outbreak of the war with Spain, 
Colonel Dougherty received from General 
J. P. S. Gobin, commanding the Third 
Brigade, telegraphic orders April 26, 
1898, to assemble the Ninth Regiment and 
proceed to Mt. Gretna. At nine o'clock, 
p. m., two days later, the regiment left 
its armory, and arrived at the rendezvous 
next morning at six o'clock. On May 4th 
It was paraded to admit of its members 
declaring their intention as to volunteer- 
ing for active service under the general 
government, and eight companies, num- 
bering thirty-four officers and four hun- 
dred and seventeen men, volunteered for 
war service. 

May 1 2th, Colonel Dougherty reported 
to the adjutant-general of th^ army that 
his regiment had been properly mustered 
into the service of the United States, and 
the next day he received telegraphic 
orders to proceed to Chickamauga, 
Georgia, where upon its arrival. May 20th, 
Colonel Dougherty was assigned to the 
command of the Third Brigade, Third 
Division, First Army Corps, which com- 
mand he held until July 4, 1898, being re- 
lieved by the assignment of Brigadier- 
General John N. Andrews, who had lately 
commanded the Twelfth United States 
Infantry. General Andrews served dur- 
ing the War of the Rebellion with dis- 
tinction in the regular army. He was 
appointed brigadier-general of volunteers 
by President McKinley, and succeeded 
Charles Bowman Dougherty as com- 
mander of the Third Brigade, Third 



Division, First Army Corps, in 1898. 
Colonel Dougherty resumed command of 
the brigade on August 25th, retaining it 
until his regiment was mustered out. 

Under the second call of the President 
(McKinley) for troops, the Ninth Regi- 
ment recruited through its own officers 
an additional battalion, bringing its total 
strength up to one thousand three hun- 
dred and twenty-three officers and men. 

August 25th the regiment marched to 
Rossville, near Chattanooga. The regi- 
ment was now reduced to thirty-two 
officers and nine hundred and eighty- 
four men present, on account of the 
prevalence of typhoid fever. August 26th 
the command took train for Camp Hamil- 
ton, five miles from Lexington, Kentucky, 
arriving- there August 27, 1898. The war 
was now practically over, and prepara- 
tions were made for the muster-out of the 
regiment under orders from the War De- 
partment. September 17th it took train 
for home, its strength being thirty-five 
officers and eight hundred and sixty-five 
men, ten officers and three hundred and 
ninety-six men being absent, sick or on 
furlough. The mortality of the regiment 
from the 2nd of July until the 22nd of 
October, 1898, was twenty-nine deaths, 
twenty-six of which were from typhoid 
fever, one from typhoid and pneumonia, 
one from pneumonia, and one from ap- 
pendicitis. Of these twenty-nine deaths, 
three were captains, viz : Captain Darius 
L. Miers, Company F ; Captain Dennison 
Stearns, Company B, and Captain Oliver 
Hillard Bell, Company D. The sufferings 
of the regiment, by reason of the pre- 
valence of typhoid fever, was severe in- 
deed. These men gave up their lives for 
their country as surely as they who fell 
at San Juan, El Caney and Santiago. 
Death came not upon the battle-field, it 
is true, but in line of duty in the service 
of their country in a war for humanity. 



2300 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



they fell with an honor which comes to 
men who serve their country well. 

September 19th the regiment arrived in 
Wilkes-Barre, and was warmly greeted 
by the citizens. Leave of absence of 
thirty days was given the officers, and the 
men were furloughed for the same period. 
During this time the regiment (on Sep- 
tember 27th) participated in the Peace 
Jubilee in Philadelphia. It was finally 
mustered out of the service of the United 
States on October 29, 1898, after a term 
of service of about six months. 

The regiment was reorganized and re- 
entered the service of the National Guard 
of Pennsylvania early in January, 1899. 
Colonel Dougherty was unanimously re- 
elected colonel of the regiment at expira- 
tion of his commission, July 14, 1902. 
He was promoted brigadier-general by 
Governor Pennypacker, April 9, 1906, to 
succeed General Gobin, who was pro- 
moted major-general, and on September 
30, 1910, was promoted major-general by 
Governor Edwin S. Stewart, and assigned 
to the command of the division of the Na- 
tional Guard of Pennsylvania, succeeding 
Major-General Wendell P. Bowman, re- 
tired. 

C. B. Dougherty has taken a very great 
interest in the progressive work of the 
National Guard, and has followed the 
new school, as modeled by the War Col- 
lege, at Washington, D. C. He is a mem- 
ber of the Westmoreland Club and Wyo- 
ming Valley Country Club, of Wilkes- 
Barre, and the Scranton Club, of Scran- 
ton, Pennsylvania. He is a Democrat in 
politics. General Dougherty is a member 
of the Pennsylvania Society of the Sons 
of the Revolution by virtue of descent 
from Elisha Blackman, who was lieu- 
tenant of the Twenty-fourth Regiment, 
Connecticut Militia, member of the Mili- 
tary Order of Foreign Wars, and the 
Naval and Military Order of the Spanish- 



American War, and was first State com- 
mander of the Order. For three succes- 
sive terms he was president of the Na- 
tional Guard Association of Pennsylvania. 
General Dougherty married Miss Anna 
Posten, of Wilkes-Barre, February 6, 
1883. They have two children, Helen and 
Marion (wife of James M. Rutter). 



JESSUPS, The, 

Three Generations of I<awyers. 

The Susquehanna county bar, that 
home of strong lawyers and distinguished 
judges, has been for nearly a century 
adorned by the Jessups of three gener- 
ations. The first of a great family of 
lawyers was William Jessup, born at 
Southampton, Long Island, June 21, 
1799, a graduate of Yale, class of 1815. 
He came to Pennsylvania in 1818. set- 
tling at Montrose, where he entered the 
law office of Almon H. Read. The fol- 
lowing winter he taught the first term of 
the Montrose Academy, and in February, 
1820, was admitted to the bar. His 
progress was at first slow, there being no 
occasions of stress or excitement, needed 
to bring out his ample, but at that time, 
latent powers as an advocate ; yet the 
doubts and struggles of his early years 
at the bar but strengthened and prepared 
him for his later successful career. On 
January 2, 1824, he w?.s commissioned 
register and recorder of Susquehanna 
county by Governor Shultze, and by re- 
appointment of Governor Wolf held that 
office nine years, declining another ap- 
pointment in 1833. In 1838 he was ap- 
pointed by Governor Ritner, President 
Judge of the Eleventh Judicial District 
of Pennsylvania, composing the counties 
of Luzerne, Wayne, Pike and Monroe. 
A change was later made by which Sus- 
quehanna county was added and Luzerne 
county detached, and on April 10, 1844, 



2301 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Monroe was also placed in another judi- 
cial district. At the expiration of his first 
term of ten years in 1848 he was reap- 
pointed by Governor Johnston, President 
Judge of the Eleventh District, which 
on April 5, 1849, was changed to comprise 
the counties of Luzerne, Susquehanna 
and Wyoming. He presided most ably 
and conscientiously until the first Mon- 
day of December, 1851, when his term 
expired, a constitutional amendment 
having made the office an elective one. 
He had given general satisfaction as a 
judge and had gained a wide celebrity in 
Northeastern Pennsylvania, which had 
extended throughout the State. His 
popularity gained him the nomination of 
the Whig party for judge of the Supreme 
Court, but being in the minority, the entire 
Whig ticket was defeated. Judge Jessup 
thereupon retired to private practice, en- 
riched by the prestige and experience 
gained upon the bench. At this time his 
reputation as a learned and able lawyer 
was second to none in his section of the 
State. He was chosen counsel for both 
the Erie, and the Delaware, Lackawanna 
& Western railroads, and from 1853 to 
1857 was president of the Lackawanna 
Railroad Company, with an office at the 
corner of Wall street and Broadway, New 
York. He was one of the noted men of 
his time, and conducted many celebrated 
cases. He was very eloquent, and had 
great power with a jury. One of his most 
brilliant forensic triumphs was his de- 
fence of Rev. Albert Barnes, the leader 
of the new school movement in the Pres- 
byterian church, who was charged with 
heresy and tried before the General As- 
sembly of the church. 

As a judge, "he was remarkable for 
clearness and readiness upon any sub- 
ject within the range of his profession, 
and for his prompt dispatch of business 
before his court." "No official entrusted 



with the power of a judge of the Court 
of Common Pleas of this State ever held 
the balance with a deeper settled purpose 
to admjnister the law with purity and 
impartiality." 

He was absorbed in the law, but not so 
buried as to be unmindful of the social, 
educational, agricultural, religious and 
military interests of the county. Socially 
he was affable and courteous, making 
many friends. He aided in every way 
the cause of education ; and delivered 
addresses before agricultural fairs and 
associations, ever upholding the dignity 
of labor. He was colonel of a regiment 
of militia in his earlier years, and his was 
the best drilled regiment in the division. 
In politics he was a Democrat, and in 
1836 he was the unsuccessful candidate 
of that party for Congress. He sided 
with Clay in the fight between Jackson 
and Adams, and affiliated thereafter with 
the Whig party until the formation of the 
Republican party. He was a friend of 
General Scott, and visited him in Wash- 
ington when the war between the States 
broke out. In 1861 he wrote Jeremiah 
Black, Secretary of State, that the people 
"demanded bold, strong and decided 
measures in sustaining the constitution, 
the laws and the Union, against all ag- 
gression." He was zealous in his sup- 
port of the government during the war, 
and in 1861 was appointed, in connection 
with Colonel Swaim and Judge Swan of 
Ohio, to visit Washington and present 
the views of the "Nine War Governors" 
who held a meeting in Cleveland, Ohio, 
sending assurance to President Lincoln 
of their support and co-operation. He 
was an eloquent advocate of the cause of 
temperance, and for many years was 
ruling elder and Sunday school superin- 
tendent of the Presbyterian church at 
Montrose, being widely known and 
highly honored in his church. He was 



2302 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



vice-president of the Foreign Missionary ciated with his brother, Hunting C. Jes- 



Society of the Presbyterian Church, and 
gave two of his sons to that cause as 
missionaries. He was recognized as a 
scholar by Hamilton College in 1848, 
that institution conferring the degree of 
LL. D. 

Judge Jessup married, in July, 1820, 
Amanda Harris, of Long Island, who 
died June 13, 1883, in her eighty-fifth 
year ; Judge Jessup died at Montrose, 
September 11, 1868, aged seventy-one. 
Children : Jane R., married Colonel J. 
B. Salisbury, of New York ; Mary G., 
married F. B. Chandler, of Montrose ; 
Harriet A., married Isaac L. Post, of 
Scranton ; Hon. William H. (see for- 
ward) ; Rev. Henry H., D. D., professor 
of the Theological Seminary at Beirut, 
India ; Rev. Samuel, who was in charge 
of the printing department at Beirut ; 
Fannie M. ; George A., vice-president of 
the Scranton City Bank ; Phoebe Ann ; 
Hunting C. 

Hon. William H. Jessup, eldest son of 
Judge William Jessup, was born at Mont- 
rose, Pennsylvania, in February, 1830. 
He was a graduate of Yale, class of 1849 ; 
studied law under his honored father; 
taught in Montrose Academy ; and was 
admitted to the Susquehanna county bar 
November 15, 1851. He was at once 
admitted to a partnership with his father, 
2S William and William H. Jessup. He 
was an able, laborious, successful lawyer 
from the date of his beginning practice 
until his death, January 16, 1902. He 
at first took charge of the Pike county 
business of the firm, and gradually took 
all his father's practice, succeeding him 
also as counsel for the Erie, and Dela- 
ware, Lackawanna & Western railroads ; 
the Delaware & Hudson Canal, and the 
Montrose railroad companies. He also 
had many important trusts, the greatest 
of these being the trusteeship of the Jo- 
seph Fellows estate. In 1879 he asso- 



sup, in law practice, and January i, 1885, 
established a law office in Scranton in 
partnership with Isaac L. Post, who 
shortly afterward died. He then formed 
a partnership with his son, William H. 
Jessup, and Horace C. Hand. He was a 
man of restless energy and force, one of 
those nervous organizations whose mind 
can never remain idle. He was brusque, 
yet businesslike in manner, impressing 
one with the idea that here was a man 
with no time to waste on petty things. 
He was a good corporation lawyer and 
special pleader, never trying to cajole or 
win a jury save by the soundness of his 
legal position, array of precedents, and 
the justness of his cause. He was re- 
garded by his contemporaries as the 
fairest man at the bar to try a case 
against, as they felt secure against 
trickery of any kind or jury fixing. Dur- 
ing his short career on the bench he 
gained the same reputation for fairness 
and quick dispatch of business held by 
his father. 

In addition to winning laurels as a 
lawyer, he held important public office, 
and was active in church work. He was 
a Republican, and a member of the con- 
vention that nominated Abraham Lincoln 
for a second term, as his father had been 
of the Chicago convention that first 
nominated him. 

On August 7, 1863, he was appointed 
assessor of the Twelfth Internal Revenue 
District, to succeed his father, who had 
been appointed the year before by Presi- 
dent Lincoln, but had resigned. He held 
this office until 1865, when he was super- 
seded by an appointee of President John- 
son. On May 11, 1871, Governor Geary 
commissioned him major-general of the 
Tenth Division of the National Guard of 
Pennsylvania, and in August, General 
Jessup was appointed President Judge of 
the Thirty-fourth Judicial District to fill 



2303 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



out the unexpired term of Judge Streeter, 
deceased. Judge Jessup served about 
sixteen months until January, 1879, when 
his successor was appointed, and the 
judge returned to private practice. Dur- 
ing the invasion of Pennsylvania in 1862 
and again in 1863, he was in active service 
as major of the Twenty-eighth Regiment 
Pennsylvania Militia. At the age of 
thirteen years, Judge Jessup united with 
the Presbyterian church, which he 
served as elder for over thirty years, and 
as teacher and superintendent in the 
Sunday school for forty-five years. He 
frequently attended meetings of the 
higher courts of the church, and was 
active in both home and foreign mis- 
sionary work, here again following in the 
footsteps of his father. During his pro- 
fessional life, Judge Jessup was also a 
practical farmer, and president of the 
County Agricultural Society, rendering 
\aluable service to the farmers by adopt- 
mg and suggesting new methods. 

He married Sarah W. Jay, of Belvidere, 
New Jersey, who bore him: Lillie, mar- 
ried Albert Leisenring; William H., 
Mary, George, Louisa, and Ann. 

Hunting C. Jessup, son of Judge Wil- 
liam Jessup, was born at Montrose, 
Pennsylvania, February 18, 1843. He 
prepared at Montrose Academy and 
Cortland (New York) Academy, entered 
Yale University, and was graduated in 
July, 1864. After graduation he began 
the study of law under his father, but 
soon afterward enlisted in the Union 
army, serving nine months and attain- 
ing the rank of first lieutenant. He com- 
pleted his law studies after the war ; was 
admitted to the bar of Susquehanna 
county at the November term in 1868, 
and after the retirement of his brother, 
William H., from the bench, became his 
law partner. He is a well read, able 
lawyer, and has been connected with 
many important cases. He was judge 



advocate of the State militia, and a man 
of high standing, both as lawyer and 
socially. During the war he married the 
daughter of Dr. Cobb, of Nashville, Ten- 
nessee. 

William H. Jessup, son of Judge Wil- 
liam H. and grandson of Judge William 
Jessup, was born at Montrose, Pennsyl- 
vania, July 24, 1858. He prepared at 
Wilteston Academy, and entered Yale 
University, where he finished his classical 
education. Son and grandson of two 
great lawyers and judges, it was but 
natural that his ambition should lead him 
toward a similar career. He read law 
with his father, and in 1886 was admitted 
to the bar. He was a member of the law 
firm of Jessup & Hand from 1886 to 1896, 
a firm that after the latter date became 
Jessup & Jessup. Their business is 
largely corporation law and is a very 
large and well managed one. Mr. Jessup 
was for a number of years a member of 
the Pennsylvania National Guard and 
held the rank of first lieutenant. Polit- 
ically he is Republican. 



THAW, William, Jr., 

Philanthropist, Friend of Science. 

Seldom indeed is it that a man by force 
of character and greatness of nature 
leaves a deep and lasting impress upon 
the life of his community, but in the late 
William Thaw, Jr., Pittsburgh had the 
good fortune to possess such a citizen. 
Mr. Thaw was a dominant figure in the 
business world, and as a capitalist his 
influence was felt in matters financial, 
educational and scientific — in the last- 
named to a degree rarely attained by one 
not of professional standing. The record 
of Mr. Thaw appears doubly remarkable 
when considered in connection with the 
comparatively few years allotted to him 
for the accomplishment of all that he 
bi ought to pass. 



2304 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



William Thaw, Jr., was born December 
14, 1853, in the old family residence on 
Fifth street, Pittsburgh, and was a son 
01 the late William Thaw, St., a 
biography of whom, together with the 
genealogy of the family, appears else- 
where in this work. The boy was edu- 
cated mainly by private tutors, and was 
a graduate of the Western University of 
Pennsylvania (now the University of 
Pittsburgh), and always manifested a 
studious disposition. On reaching man- 
hood he became an active contestant in 
the business arena. He was chairman of 
the board of the Hecla Coke Company 
and a director of the Bank of Pittsburgh 
and the Monongahela Insurance Com- 
pany. He had excellent judgment, adher- 
ing with staunch consistency to sound, 
conservative and unquestionable methods 
of finance, and his name was known in 
the highest circles of the business and 
financial world as that of a man who 
could be trusted and with whom it was 
a satisfaction to transact business. 

As a citizen with exalted ideas of good 
government and civic virtue, Mr. Thaw 
stood in the front rank, ever lending his 
co-operation and support to any move- 
ment which, in his judgment, tended to 
advance the progress and welfare of 
Pittsburgh, and always taking a deep 
interest in those matters which furthered 
the well-being and happiness of the 
people, elevating their tastes and improv- 
ing their habits. He was a member of 
the board of trustees of the Western 
University of Pennsylvania (now Uni- 
versity of Pittsburgh) and an active 
worker in its behalf ; a member of the 
Geographical Society ; and for many 
years a director of the Mercantile 
Library. Widely but unostentatiously 
charitable, the full number of his bene- 
factions will, in all probability, never be 
known to the world, albeit their influence 
is lastingly felt in the lives of many. 

2305 



Comprehensive as was the scope of 
his interests it might be said that Mr. 
Thaw's dominant taste was for scientific 
research and in the promotion of projects 
for this purpose he found, to all appear- 
ance, his chief delight. He was chair- 
man of the observatory committee of the 
Western University of Pennsylvania, and 
at the observatory, aided by his friend, 
Professor John A. Brashear, he was 
enabled to gratify his scientific tastes. 
Speaking of his work there, Professor 
Brashear said, "Mr. Thaw did all in his 
power for the observatory. He greatly 
assisted Professor Keeler in procuring 
new instruments for important researches 
of the nebulae — researches which the pro- 
fessor was about to begin with his aid. 
He had already furnished some of the 
most valuable instruments in the observa- 
tory. His loss will be greatly felt by the 
staff, for not only did he assist us with 
his means, but his heart was in the con- 
tinuance of the work started and carried 
on by his father." These words, uttered 
after death had put an end to the benefi- 
cences of this noble man, found an ache 
in the heart of every true friend of 
science. 

In the discussion of scientific questions 
Mr. Thaw was always logical and lucid, 
resolving them into geometrical proposi- 
tions which he demonstrated with rare 
skill. He belonged to the Engineers' 
Society of Western Pennsylvania, and 
was a member and councillor of the 
Academy of Arts and Sciences, and in 
both of these institutions he took a deep 
interest. 

With great tenacity and extraordinary 
force of character Mr. Thaw combined 
exceptional intellectual ability, possess- 
ing mental powers which made him a 
leader in all the scientific work in which 
he was interested. His mind was broad- 
ened by foreign travel and the energy 
and enthusiasm of his nature rendered 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



him a tireless and effective worker in the 
many fields of endeavor which he cov- 
ered. Of fine personal appearance, re- 
fined and cultivated, genial and sym- 
pathetic, and withal possessing a rare 
magnetism, he was one who drew men to 
him, the dignity, cordiality and kindliness 
of his manner winning all who ap- 
proached him. 

Mr. Thaw married, November i6, 1876, 
Elizabeth, daughter of Frank A. and 
Elizabeth (McGunnegle) Dohrman, and 
ihey were the parents of two children : 
William Thaw, third of the name, who 
married Gladys Virginia, daughter of 
Charles E. Bradley ; E. Burd, now the 
wife of Henry L. Collins, a prominent 
business man of Pittsburgh. Mr. Thaw 
was devoted to the ties of family and 
friendship, regarding them as sacred 
obligations. 

In June, 1892, Mr. Thaw attended the 
National Convention of Engineers at 
Plattsburg, New York, and soon after 
went abroad. On September 3, at 
Cologne, Germany, this gifted and lovable 
man passed away, mourned as sincerely 
by high and humble as ever falls to the 
lot of any. His story is that of God-given 
ability directed into the channels of a 
pure and honorable life, and by multi- 
tudes his name is held in grateful re- 
membrance. 

Mr. Thaw ever took a special pride in 
the Allegheny Observatory, and his 
family, mindful o! this, gave to the insti- 
tution a sum of money for the purchase 
01 a telescope which, when placed, will be 
the second largest in the world. Stand- 
ing in the noble structure in beautiful 
Riverview Park, it will constitute a most 
fitting memorial to the one in whose 
honor it is placed there. 

Had William Thaw. Jr., been granted 
greater length of days and a larger meas- 
ure of health and strength there is little 
doubt that he would have turned his 



attention more fully to matters of busi- 
ness and achieved, in the commercial 
world, a reputation not inferior to that 
of his father. As it is, his name shines 
with the pure and radiant lustre of intel- 
lect consecrated to the highest uses and 
benevolence directed by the truest wis- 
dom. His character and work are best 
described in the simple and most noble 
words — philanthropist and friend of 
science. 



McMURRAY, John Boyd, 

Eminent Physician. 

Dr. McMurray is a native son of 
Washington county, Pennsylvania, and 
one who by professional attainment 
promises to rival the eminent men of the 
medical profession who have won fame 
in the years gone by. He is a son of one 
of Washington's hardy farmers, William 
E. McMurray, born in Washington 
county, married Katherine Armstrong, 
in 1876, and spent his life on the farm. 
He died in April, 1882, his widow sur- 
viving him until June 20, 1904. He was 
a Republican, a man of high standing, 
and both were members of the Presbyr 
lerian church. 

Dr. John Boyd McMurray was born 
in Independence township, Washington 
county, Pennsylvania, October 23, 1878. 
He grew to youthful manhood at the 
home farm, and attended the public 
schools of the township until seventeen 
years of age, then in the fall of 1894 he 
entered Ohio University at Athens. Ohio, 
remaining two years. He decided upon 
the profession of medicine, began study 
in Baltimore Medical College in 1897, 
later entered the College of Physicians 
and Surgeons at Baltimore, whence he 
was graduated M. D., class of 1901. 
Both of these colleges are now united 
with the University of Maryland. He 
at once began the practice of his profes- 



2306 




'.^^ (Z^ir-c^*^^"t^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



sion, legating at Houston, Washington 
county, Pennsylvania, remaining there 
two years. He then took a course at the 
Philadelphia Polyclinic and Hospital and 
Post-Graduate School of Medicine, mak- 
ing a special study of diseases of the eye 
and ear. In 1905 he attended Jefferson 
Medical College and the Post-Graduate 
School at Philadelphia, specializing in the 
study of the same diseases. In 1904 he 
located an office at Washington, Penn- 
sylvania, and after other special courses 
in institutions of high standing, settled 
there permanently, devoting his entire 
time to treatment of diseases of the eye 
and ear. He is thoroughly qualified to 
specialize in these diseases and has gained 
an enviable reputation as a most skillful 
practitioner along these lines. He is a 
member of the American Medical Associ- 
ation, Pennsylvania State Medical Society, 
Washington County Medical Society and 
Pittsburgh Ophthalmological Society, and 
belongs to Lodge No. 623, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons; Chapter No. 164, Royal 
Arch Masons, and Commandery No. 3, 
Knights Templar, and to the Bassett 
Club, Washington. He is a Republican 
in politics, and although v^rell informed 
and interested in questions of public in- 
terest has never sought nor held public 
office except as a member of the East 
Washington School Board. 

Dr. McMurray married (first) May 23, 
1902, Bird Virginia Hanna, who died 
December i, 1904, daughter of James C. 
Hanna, of Independence, Pennsylvania. 
Child, Boyd Hanna, born June 20, 1904. 
He married (second) July 26, 1907, 
Minnie E., daughter of Gottlieb and 
Frederika Scheu, both born in Germany, 
but residents of Washington county, 
Pennsylvania. She is a trained nurse, 
graduate of Washington Hospital and 
Training School for Nurses. Children of 
second marriage : John S., born Novem- 
ber 10, 1908; Katherine F., August 26, 



1910, and Louis Edward, March 9, 1916. 
Dr. McMurray's office is in the Washing- 
ton Trust Building, his home at No. 214 
North avenue, Washington. 



SWEARINGEN, Joseph M., 

Prominent Jurist. 

Judge Joseph M. Swearingen, Presid- 
ing Judge of Court of Common Pleas 
No. 4 of Allegheny county, is one of 
those men who bringing to the office 
m.uch, give to it, as the years go on, in- 
creasingly more. Judge Swearingen is a 
representative of a family which, tracing 
its origin from the colonial period of 
our history, has aided in the evolution of 
our revolutionary era and our national 
life. 

Gerrett Van Sweringen, founder of 
the American branch of the family, came 
from Holland in the year 1657 to Dela- 
ware, and was one of the officials in the 
Dutch settlement established at what is 
now the city of New Castle. After the 
English captured New Amsterdam (now 
New York), they drove the Dutch away 
from their settlement in Delaware. Ger- 
rett Van Sweringen removed into the 
province of Maryland, where he was 
naturalized as a British subject, by act of 
the General Assembly of the Province of 
Maryland, passed April 14, 1669. His 
great-grandson, Samuel Swearingen, who 
was born in the year 1732, emigrated 
from Rock Creek, Montgomery county, 
Maryland, about 1783, and settled in 
what is now Hanover township, Beaver 
county, Pennsylvania. Among his chil- 
dren was a son, John Van, who left a 
large family, his youngest son being 
William Van. 

Joseph M. Swearingen. eldest son of 
William Van and Nancy I. (Shannon) 
Swearingen, was born September 5, 18:4. 
upon the homestead of his great-grand- 
father, Samuel Swearingen, above men- 



2307 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tioned. Joseph M. Swearingen received 
his preparatory education in the local 
common schools and at Frankford 
Springs Academy, and then entered 
Washington and Jefferson College, 
graduating with the class of 1879. He 
studied law with the Hon. Boyd Crum- 
rine, at Washington, Pennsylvania, and 
there, on June 13, 1881, was admitted to 
the practice of his profession. He was 
admitted to the bar of Allegheny county 
on July 2, 1881. 

The legal acquirements of Mr. Swear- 
ingen, as he then was, and the reputation 
which he had made for himself in the 
conduct of many important cases led to 
his elevation to the bench. The legal 
business of Allegheny county required 
another court, and in response to the de- 
mand, the Legislature created Common 
Pleas Court No. 4. On April 4, 1907, 
Governor Stuart appointed as the presi- 
dent of that court and one of the three 
judges, Joseph M. Swearingen, of Pitts- 
burgh. Mr. Swearingen was indorsed by 
the Allegheny County Bar for the posi- 
tion. At the general election in Novem- 
ber of the same year. Judge Swearingen 
was chosen to serve for a term of ten 
years. The greater portion of that period 
has now passed into the legal history of 
the county. 

To the requirements of his high office. 
Judge Swearingen brought not only pro- 
found legal learning, great knowledge of 
men, and an exceptionally judicial mind, 
but a broad and general culture and a 
deep human sympathy hardly less essen- 
tial to the perfect fulfilment of his duties. 
Of all these attributes his countenance 
is expressive, as well as of the genial 
nature and companionable disposition 
which have drawn around him a large 
circle of friends both within and with- 
out the pale of his profession. 

Judge Swearingen married Sarah, 
daughter of Archibald Wherry, of Pitts- 



burgh, and they are the parents of two 
children : William Van, born September 
17, 1887, and Nancy Isabel. 

On the bench of a county the judges 
of which have ever stood second to none 
in the United States, Judge Swearingen 
has presided with a singleness of devo- 
tion to the highest interests which im- 
parts an additional lustre to the judiciary 
of the Keystone State. 



SUPPLEE, William C, 

Business Man, Civic Leader. 

William Couse Supplee, president and 
director of Supplee's Alderney Dairy, 
Philadelphia, has won recognition for 
energy- and integrity, and is numbered 
among the progressive business men of 
the State. The ancestral history of the 
Supplee family covers a long connection 
with America. The great-great-grand- 
father of William Couse Supplee came to 
this country in 1685, landing in New 
York. The family were French Hugue- 
nots, or Protestants, and they preferred 
to leave their native country, France, 
rather than renounce their religion. 
Three brothers of the name, accompanied 
by their families, therefore sought relig- 
ious liberty in the New World, and in 
the days of William Penn we find mem- 
bers of the Supplee family appointed to 
positions of honor and trust under the 
great Colonist. 

William Couse Supplee was born Feb- 
ruary 14, 1869, in Pennsylvania, son of 
George Righter and Mary (Couse) Sup- 
plee. the former named born in Mont- 
gomery county, Pennsylvania, and the 
latter named a native of Virginia. Wil- 
liam C. Supplee attended the public 
schools of his native county, and later 
took up the study of art and engraving. 
This work proved congenial, and he con- 
tinued along that line for four years, 
when his interest was diverted to the 



2308 





•^^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



study of milk and the possible develop- 
ment of that industry. In 1885 he asso- 
ciated himself with his father, who was 
conducting a small milk trade doing a 
business of $25,000 per year, and at the 
present time (1915) the Supplee Alder- 
ney Dairy is doing a business of $2,000,- 
000 per annum., with expensive buildings, 
and a large organization covering Phil- 
adelphia, Ocean City and Atlantic City, 
also having extensive producing plants 
throughout Pennsylvania, New Jersey 
and New York. The Supplee Alderney 
Dairy distributes milk, cream, cheese, 
butter, ice cream and condensed milk to 
some two hundred thousand customers. 
Two hundred wagons and eight automo- 
bile trucks are used in the business, and 
the large letter "S" painted on the sides 
of the vehicles has become a familiar 
sight in the cities above mentioned. Mr. 
Supplee has been a strong factor in mak- 
ing their business a gigantic industry, 
and this has been accomplished by hard 
work, close application and business abil- 
it}', these attributes being essential to the 
success of any undertaking, and in this 
particular instance it has meant purity 
of product, excellent quality and efficient 
service to the consumer. Mr. Supplee 
has served as president of the Philadel- 
phia Milk Exchange for two successive 
years, and is considered an authority in 
his line of business. 

Despite the fact that the dairy business 
requires continuous oversight, Mr. Sup- 
plee finds time for recreation, deriving 
the greatest pleasure from swimming and 
participating in the games of golf and 
tennis. He also takes a keen interest in 
all matters pertaining to civic better- 
ment, and is a member and director of 
the Philadelphia Society for Organizing 
Charities. He is a member of the Union 
League Club, Philadelphia ; Poor Rich- 
ard Club, Philadelphia ; the Philadelphia 
Academy of Fine Arts ; the Historical 



Society of Pennsylvania ; the Pennsyl- 
vania Museum and School of Fine Arts ; 
the City Club, Philadelphia ; Automobile 
Club of Philadelphia, and the Atlantic 
City Country Club. Fraternally he be- 
longs to St. Paul's Lodge and Palestine 
Chapter, Free and Accepted Masons. In 
politics he is a Progressive Republican, 
and was a delegate to the Roosevelt con- 
vention. 

William C. Supplee married (first) 
Ellen Harris, who bore him a daughter, 
Margaret, now a student at the Miss 
Irving School. He married (second) 
Helen J. Fanning, daughter of David 
Hale and Rosemond (Dorlas) Fanning. 



OSBURN, Frank C, 

Among attorneys of Pittsburgh, Penn- 
sylvania, is Frank Chew Osburn. Through 
his mother he is a direct descendant from 
Governor John Haynes, and Governor 
George Wyllys, both early governors of 
Connecticut ; John Eliot, the Apostle to 
the Indians, of Roxbury and Boston, 
Massachusetts ; Daniel Warner, son of 
William Warner, of Ipswich, Massachu- 
setts, 1637; Matthew Griswold, of Say- 
biook and Lyme, Connecticut; Captain 
James Avery, and Captain George Denis- 
ton, both of New London, Connecticut, 
both of whom served through the King 
Philip Indian War; Robert Williams, of 
Roxbury, Massachusetts ; and several 
other well known New England families. 

Governor John Haynes, born 1594, died 
1654, married Mabel Harlakenden, born 
1614, died 1655, daughter of Richard Har- 
lakenden, of Earls Colne, England ; their 
daughter, Ruth Haynes, born 1639, died 
1688, married Samuel Wyllys, born 1631, 
died 1709, son of Governor George 
Wyllys ; their daughter, Mary Wyllys, 
born 1656, died 1729, married Rev. Joseph 
Eliot, bom 1638, died 1694, son of Rev. 



2309 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



John Eliot, the Apostle to the Indians; 
their son, Rev. Jared Eliot, born 1685, 
died 1763, married Hannah E. Smithson, 
born 1693, died 1761 ; their son, Nathan 
Eliot, born 1725, died 1798, married Cla- 
rina C. Griswold, born 1733, died 1811; 
daughter of Judge John Griswold ; their 
daughter, Clarina Eliot, born 1759, died 
1802, married Jonathan Warner, born 
1747, died 1823, son of William and Re- 
becca Warner ; their son, Griswold Eliot 
Warner, born 1791, died 1873, married 
Maria Sheffield, born 1794, died 1870, 
daughter of William Sheffield and his 
wife, Bridget Welthe Williams ; their 
daughter, Henrietta Williams Warner, 
born 1831, died 1908, married Franklin 
Osburn, born 1821, died 1904, father of 
Frank C. Osburn. Mr. Osburn is: 

Eighth in descent from Daniel Warner 
and Elizabeth Denne, his wife ; eighth in 
descent from Matthew Griswold and his 
wife, Ann Wolcott. daughter of Henry 
Wolcott, of Windsor, Connecticut, 1636 
(see "Family Histories and Genealogies," 
by Edward E. and Evelyn Mc. Salesbury, 
supplement to volume 3) ; eighth in de- 
scent from Captain James Avery, of 
Gloucester, Massachusetts, and New Lon- 
don, Connecticut, and Joanna Greenslade, 
his wife. 

Eighth in descent from Captain George 
Deniston, of New London and Stoning- 
ton, Connecticut, son of William Denis- 
ton, of Roxbury, Massachusetts. Said 
George Deniston married, in England, 
Ann Borodell. 

Ninth in descent from Robert Williams, 
member of Artillery Company, of Boston, 
1644, and Elizabeth Stalham, his wife. 
(See "History of Stonington and Gene- 
alogies," 1900, by Wheeler). 

Through his father he is a direct de- 
scendant from Colonel Samuel Chew, of 
Herrington, Anne Arundel county, Mary- 
land, and of John Osburn, one of the 
early settlers of Loudoun county, Vir- 

23 



ginia. Being ninth in descent from John 
Chew, of James City, Virginia, 1624, 
descent being through his grandson, 
Joseph Chew, the second son of Colonel 
Samuel Chew and Ann Ayres, his wife. 
Joseph Chew left two sons : Joseph Chew, 
Jr., of Prince George county, Maryland, 
and Alexandria, Virginia; and Henry 
Chew. (See will of Joseph Chew, proved 
1705, Annapolis, Anne Arundel county, 
Maryland) ; Joseph Chew, Jr., being the 
great-grandfather of Mary Chew, who 
married Benjamin B. Osburn. 

Fifth in descent from John Osburn, 
born 1712, died 1786, and his wife, Sarah 
Morris, daughter of Thomas Morris, of 
Virginia, the descent being through their 
son, Richard Osburn, born 1739, died 
1795, the father of Benjamin B. Osburn. 
(See pedigree of Frank Chew Osburn, in 
College of Arms, London, England, vol. 
ii of Ancient Wethersfield, by Stiles, 
under "Warner Family;-' and "Descend- 
ants of John Eliot, 1598-1905"). 

Frank Chew Osburn, son of Franklin 
Osburn and Henrietta Williams Warner, 
and grandson of Benjamin B. Osburn, 
born May 2, 1792, died August 23, 1861, 
and his wife Mary Chew, born Septem- 
ber 4, 1799, died November 4, 1868, 
daughter of John Chew, of Alexandria 
and Loudoun county, Virginia, was born 
at the house of his maternal grandpar- 
ents, Griswold Eliot Warner and Maria 
Sheffield Warner, on North Canal street, 
Allegheny City, Pennsylvania (now 
Northside, Pittsburgh), December 20, 
1854. Was educated in private schools 
in Jefferson county, West Virginia, and 
in Sewickley. Pennsylvania. Attended 
college at the Western University of 
Pennsylvania (now University of Pitts- 
burgh), graduating in 1874. Read law 
from 1876 to 1879 with John C. Mc- 
Combs, Esquire, and James W. Over, 
Esquire. Attended lectures at Columbia 
Law College, New York City, 1880 to 
10 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1881, and began practice of law in Pitts- 
burgh, 1881. Vice-president of Allegheny 
County Bar Association, March, 1908, 
and president of Allegheny County Bar 
Association, 1909, and also 1910. Is a 
member of Pennsylvania Bar Associa- 
tion, and also of American Bar Associa- 
tion. Was a director of the Second Na- 
tional Bank of Pittsburgh prior to its 
consolidation with the First-Second Na- 
tional Bank. Member First Presbyterian 
Church, of Pittsburgh. Married, Novem- 
ber 28, 1906, in Pittsburgh, Virginia 
Claire, daughter of Henry Blake Hays 
and Mary Howard Hays. An account of 
the Hays family is to be found elsewhere 
in this work. 



DARLINGTON, WUliam M., 

Acoomplisbed Iiavyer, liitteratear. 

The bar of Pittsburgh is of colonial, 
revolutionary and national record, and 
the distinction which it early acquired 
has never been diminished or obscured. 
Foremost among those who, during the 
middle decades of the nineteenth century, 
maintained the prestige of the past and 
shed new lustre on Pittsburgh's legal 
annals, was the late William McCullough 
Darlington, for nearly fifty years a recog- 
nized leader of the Pennsylvania bar and 
an honored citizen of the metropolis of 
the State. 

Job Darlington and his wife, Mary, 
were residents of Darnhall, Cheshire, 
England. 

(II) Abraham Darlington, son of Job 
and Mary Darlington, emigrated to Ches- 
ter county, Pennsylvania, in 171 1; mar- 
ried, 1716, Elizabeth Hillborn. 

(HI) Thomas Darlington, son of Abra- 
ham and Elizabeth (Hillborn) Darling- 
ton, married, in 1754, Hannah Brinton. 

(IV) Amos Darlington, son of Thomas 
Darlington and Hannah (Brinton) Dar- 
lington, married Elizabeth Powel, in 1789. 

23 



(V) Benjamin Darlington, son of Amos 
and Elizabeth (Powel) Darlington, was 
born in West Chester, Pennsylvania, in 
1812. He went to live in Pittsburgh, 
where he married Agnes McCullough. 

(VI) William McCullough Darlington, 
son of Benjamin and Agnes (McCul- 
lough) Darlington, was born May i, 1815, 
in Pittsburgh, Allegheny county, Penn- 
sylvania. He received his education in 
the private schools of Pittsburgh and at 
Jefiferson College, at Cannonsburg, Penn- 
sylvania. Studying for the legal profes- 
sion with Richard Biddle, esquire, in 
1837 he was admitted to the bar of Alle- 
gheny county. As a close student and 
one skillful in the application of his legal 
knowledge, he soon took high rank among 
his professional brethren, his well-earned 
reputation steadily augmenting with the 
passing years. 

Possessing that judicial instinct which 
makes its way quickly through imma- 
terial details to the essential points upon 
the determination of which a cause must 
turn, Mr. Darlington's arguments were 
to an unusual degree logical, forcible and 
clear. He threw himself with all the 
zeal of his nature and with all the rich 
stores of his great learning, into the cause 
of his client, delighting to master and un- 
ravel the most difficult legal problems, 
and possessing an eloquence which was 
persuasive without vehemence, polished 
without affectation, and pleasing with- 
out being florid. The laws relating to 
real estate received from William M. 
Darlington a special amount of attention, 
in consequence of which he acquired an 
exhaustive knowledge of the principles 
involved in titles as well as of the laws 
governing their alienation and descent. 
As a result of his long and close study of 
this branch of his profession, he was re- 
garded as an authority on property and 
conveyance, and was frequently consult- 
II 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ed by other leading attorneys and by 
judges on the bench. 

During the latter years of his life, Mr. 
Darlington, while not the oldest man 
then practicing in Pittsburgh, was the 
oldest living member of the Allegheny 
county bar. In 1888, on the completion 
of the new courthouse, his seniority was 
recognized by the presentation to him of 
the keys of the Temple of Justice. 

As a true citizen, Mr. Darlington was 
interested in all enterprises which medi- 
tated the moral improvement and social 
culture of the community, and actively 
aided a number of associations by his in- 
fluence and means. In politics he was a 
Republican, and, while he never exhibited 
any political aspirations, and steadily re- 
fused to accept office, was frequently 
consulted in regard to questions of mo- 
ment, being known as a vigilant and at- 
tentive observer of men and measures, 
whose sound opinions and liberal views 
caused his ideas to carry great weight 
among those with whom he discussed 
public problems. No good work done in 
the name of charity or religion sought his 
cooperation in vain, and in his work of 
this character he brought to bear the same 
discrimination and thoroughness that 
were manifest in his professional life. He 
was a devout Christian and attended the 
Presbyterian church. 

Of singularly strong personality, no 
one could approach Mr. Darlington with- 
out feeling himself in the presence of a 
man of marked ability and the loftiest 
moral standards. Simple and dignified in 
manner, he had withal a certain warmth 
and geniality which drew men to him, 
inspiring that loyal regard which was the 
natural response to the friendship of a 
nature like his. His countenance, bear- 
ing and whole aspect were those of a 
man of mark. 

One of the chief features of Mr. Dar- 
lington's home, and one most expressive 

231 



of his individual tastes, was a library of 
about fourteen thousand volumes, pecu- 
liarly rich in the literature of his profes- 
sion, and in historical works. It was, in 
fact, one of the best and largest private 
libraries in the United States. Second 
only to his love of the law was his love 
of history. He was vice-president of the 
Pennsylvania Historical Society, and a 
member of other historical associations. 
In regard to anything pertaining to West- 
ern Pennsylvania and the Ohio Valley 
his information was full and authentic, 
and he was frequently consulted by local 
and general historians. He was himself 
the author of the following works: 'Illus- 
trative Notes to Journal of Colonel John 
May, Boston, 1788-89;" "Christopher 
Gist's Journals, with Notes and Biog- 
raphies ;" and "An Appendix of Illustra- 
tive Notes to Colonel Smith's Narrative 
of Captivity with the Indians, 1755-59." 

Mr. Darlington married Mary Carson, 
daughter of Richard Butler and Mary 
Boyd (Fitzsimmons) O'Hara, of Pitts- 
burgh. (See O'Hara line, following). 
Children of William McCullough and 
Mary Carson (O'Hara) Darlington: i. 
O'Hara. 2. Hillborn, who died in 1862. 
3. Mary O'Hara. 4. Edith, who became 
the wife of Samuel A. Ammon, esquirC; 
of Pittsburgh. Mrs. Darlington was in 
all respects an ideal helpmate for her 
gifted husband. She was a woman of 
literary attainments and an authoress of 
note. Her death occurred June 18, 1915. 
Devotion to his family was the ruling 
motive of Mr. Darlington's life, and no 
place was ever so dear to him as his own 
fireside. 

On September 28, 1889, William Mc- 
Cullough Darlington closed his long, bril- 
liant and honorable career, passing away 
at his home, "Guyasuta," Allegheny 
county, and depriving the bar of that 
county and of his native State of one who 
looked upon the profession of the law as 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



an order of government, and believed 
that, whether in office or out of it, he 
who measured up to his full height should 
give public service. He stood as an 
exemplification of what a lawyer's life 
and attitude should be, not merely to the 
bar, not merely to his clients, but to his 
country at large and to the community in 
which he lived. In private life he was 
one of the most kindly and genial of men, 
delighting in hospitality, and when the 
announcement of his death appeared 
many were the tears shed for the faithful 
friend and the incomparable host, the 
man to whose conversation it was ever 
counted a privilege to listen, and the 
charm of whose voice and manner yet 
lingers in the memory of those to whom 
it was once familiar. 

The life of William McCullough Dar- 
lington was one of singular completeness 
and well-rounded symmetry, irreproach- 
able and beneficent in every public and 
private relation. The productions of his 
pen are evidence of his public spirit and 
literary ability, and will be read and 
valued by future generations of Pennsyl- 
vanians. As a lawyer he stands preemi- 
nent in the legal annals of his day, not 
only by reason of brilliant talents, but as 
an upholder and an exemplar of the lofti- 
est principles of his profession. 

(The O'Hara Line). 

The first known of this family was 
Teige Oge O'Hara Buidhe, 1560, one of 
the chiefs of the Clan O'Hara, in Ireland. 
The coat-of-arms of the O'Hara family is 
as follows : "A demi lion rampant, hold- 
ing in the dexter paw a chaplet of laurel. 
Motto, "Try." 

(II) Cormac, son of above. 

(III) Charles, son of above Cormac 
O'Hara. 

(IV) Dermond O'Hara, son of above 
Charles O'Hara. Son of Dermond O'Hara 



was Sir Charles O'Hara, Lord Tyrawly; 
Sir James O'Hara, son of Sir Charles, 
who became Lord Tyrawly, born 1690, 
died 1774. 

(V) Felix O'Hara, son of Dermond 
O'Hara, was an officer in the Irish Bri- 
gade in the service of France. 

(VI) John O'Hara, son of Felix 
O'Hara, served as officer in the Irish Bri- 
gade in service of France, as did his 
father. 

(VII) James O'Hara, son of John 
O'Hara, was quartermaster-general in 
United States Army, 1792; married Mary 
Carson, daughter of William Carson, of 
Philadelphia. 

(VIII) Richard Butler O'Hara, son of 
General James and Mary (Carson) 
O'Hara, married Mary Boyd Fitzsim- 
mons, and their daughter was 

(IX) Mary Carson, who married Wil- 
liam McCullough Darlington, of Pitts- 
burgh, as stated above. 

Mrs. Mary Carson (O'Hara) Darling- 
ton was born at "Guyasuta," Allegheny 
county, Pennsylvania. As a child she 
spent much of her time with her grand- 
mother, the widow of General James 
O'Hara, who lived in Pittsburgh, where 
she studied under governesses. Later in 
her young girlhood she was at school at 
Braddock's Fields, Mrs. Olver's "Edge- 
worth Seminary." Later she attended 
another famous boarding school for girls, 
Mrs. McLeod's School, on Staten Island, 
New York. Soon after returning home 
from school she married William M. Dar- 
lington. Mrs. Darlington was always a 
student, and being especially interested 
in history, read and studied with her hus- 
band, whose library and historical writ- 
ings remain as a monument to both hus- 
band and wife. Her ability to read 
French, Italian, German and Spanish was 
of great assistance in the research work 
necessary in exhaustive studies of the 

2313 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



history of this country. In 1892 Mrs. 
Darlington published the book "Fort Pitt 
and Letters from the Frontier," and since 
that time wrote many articles of histor- 
ical value. In 1901 she prepared a list of 
names of the officers of the Colonial and 
Revolutionary armies who died in Pitts- 
burgh, and were buried in the historic 
graveyards of the First Presbyterian or 
Trinity churches, Pittsburgh, and wrote 
a sketch of the life of each. This paper 
was read before the Pittsburgh Chapter 
of the Daughters of the American Revo- 
lution, of which Mrs. Darlington was an 
honorary member, and as a result of in- 
terest awakened, a bronze tablet has been 
placed on the stone wall on Oliver ave- 
nue, back of the two churches, which 
bears the names of these officers and 
others of whom Mrs. Darlingfton also 
wrote sketches for the use of students of 
history. For several years Mrs. Darling- 
ton was an attendant at the First Pres- 
byterian Church of Pittsburgh, but for 
many years was a member of the Pres- 
byterian Church of Sharpsburg, where 
she taught a Bible class, when she first 
returned from school, and in later years 
had charge of the Sunday School infant 
class. She had travelled quite exten- 
sively, twice having been abroad with 
her family. Her greatest happiness was, 
however, in her home with her books, her 
flowers and her family, but never did she 
lose interest in the affairs of the world, 
of her own country and locality, or her 
desire fail to give aid where needed. Hers 
was a long, beautiful life. 



COOKE, Abbot S., 

Man of Affairs. 

Not always does it happen that the 
traditional traits of a man of birth and 
breeding are combined with those of the 
modern business man, but the personality 
and career of Abbot S. Cooke, of Pitts- 

23 



burgh, furnishes a striking instance of 
this union of qualities. Mr. Cooke, presi- 
dent of the Cooke-Wilson Electric Sup- 
ply Company and officially connected 
with other important organizations of a 
similar character, is one of the most 
aggressive and successful business men 
of the Iron City, and he is also descended, 
through both his parents, from New Eng- 
land families of colonial. Revolutionary 
and national distinction. 

John Cooke, founder of the American 
branch of the family, is said to have 
come from Wales, and on June 19, 1696, 
was of Saybrook, Connecticut, the re- 
cords of the town showing that on that 
date he sold a tract of five acres. He 
married, and had a son and a daughter, 
John and Mary. He married (second) 
Hannah, born February 11, 1670, daugh- 
ter of Captain Daniel and Mary (Weld) 
Harris, of Roxbury, the former a native 
of England. By this second marriage 
there was a son Daniel, mentioned below. 
John Cooke died January 16, 1705, at 
Middletown, Connecticut. 

(II) Daniel, son of John and Hannah 
(Harris) Cooke, was born September 19, 
1691, at Saybrook, Connecticut, and re- 
moved to Providence, Rhode Island, 
where he married, February 4, 1713, 
Mary Power, whose ancestral record is 
appended to this sketch. Daniel Cooke 
died February 7, 1738, and his widow 
passed away December 17, 1741. 

(III) Nicholas, son of Daniel and 
Mary (Power) Cooke, was born Febru- 
ary 3, 1717, and became a successful ship- 
master and merchant, also engaging in 
rope-making and distilling. He was pos- 
sessed of a handsome fortune for his day, 
owning and managing various estates in 
Rhode Island, Massachusetts and Con- 
necticut. For years he was one of the 
most influential men in the colony, hold- 
ing many offices of trust and honor and 

14 





■-^ r'.^.i^ 



^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



almost continuously serving as deputy 
governor. Upon the outbreak of hostili- 
ties between England and the colonies he 
was called to the governorship of Rhode 
Island, and for the next three years, as 
Governor Cooke, he presided in the gen- 
eral councils, directed the State military 
operations, and furnished the supplies for 
the troops, not only in his own depart- 
ment, but also for those under the im- 
mediate command of General Washing- 
ton. Governor Cooke married, Septem- 
ber 23, 1740, Hannah, born March 13, 
1722, daughter of Hezekiah Sabin, the 
first settler of that portion of Northeast- 
ern Connecticut where his Red Tavern 
was for many years the favorite hostelry. 
Governor Cooke and his wife were the 
parents of twelve children, among whom 
was Jesse, mentioned below. Governor 
Cooke died November 14, 1783, and the 
death of his widow occurred March 21, 
1792. 

(IV) Jesse, son of Nicholas and Han- 
nah (Sabin) Cooke, was born December 
19, 1757, in Providence, Rhode Island, 
and married (first) Rosanna, daughter 
of Captain Christopher and Joan (Vin- 
cent) Sheldon. Captain Sheldon was a 
prominent citizen of Providence, and a 
son of John Sheldon, the immigrant an- 
cestor. Mrs. Cooke died November 20, 
1789, leaving a son Joseph, mentioned 
below. Mr. Cooke married (second) 
Hannah Warner, by whom he had a 
daughter, Rosanna Sheldon, born Au- 
gust 30, 1792, died December 20, 1808. 
Mr. Cooke died September 13, 1794. 

(V) Joseph, son of Jesse and Rosanna 
(Sheldon) Cooke, was a slender lad and 
during his youth narrowly escaped 
death by yellow fever. Upon attaining 
manhood he procured the insertion of 
Sheldon in his name by act of the Legis- 
lature. He became a noted business man 
of Providence and New York City, for 

PA-Voi vii-6 23 



eighteen years was the agent of the Ly- 
man Cotton Manufacturing Company, 
and in New York was an associate of 
Job Angell in the wholesale dry goods 
business. He was interested in the 
banks and canal enterprises of his day, 
and served as one of the councilmen of 
Providence. In 1821 he was elected a 
director of the Providence Mutual Fire 
Insurance Company, and in 1831 a trus- 
tee. In the Masonic fraternity he at- 
tained the highest honors. After passing 
all the chairs of his lodge he becam,e in 
1828 a member of the Grand Lodge, and 
in 183 1 was made grand master of the 
State, holding that high office until 1835. 
He was also a chapter, council and com- 
mandery Mason. Mr. Cooke married 
Mary Welch, and of their nine children 
the youngest was Nicholas Francis, men- 
tioned below. 

(VI) Nicholas Francis, a son of Jo- 
seph Sheldon and Mary (Welch) Cooke, 
was born August 25, 1829, in Providence, 
Rhode Island. For several years he was 
the private pupil of the Rev. D. Thomas 
Sheppard, of Bristol, in that State, and 
later was instructed by Professor Henry 
S. Frieze, subsequently Professor of 
Latin at the University of Michigan. In 
1846 Mr. Cooke entered Brown Univer- 
sity, and in 1849 began a tour of the 
world, returning in 1852 and entering the 
Medical Department of the University of 
Pennsylvania, at the same time attend- 
ing lectures at Jefiferson Medical Col- 
lege. After close investigation of the 
Hahnemann system he became a homceo- 
pathic physician, and began practice in 
Providence with Dr. A. H. Okie, the first 
homceopathic graduate in America. In 
1855 Dr. Cooke removed to Chicago, 
where he soon came into prominence as 
a learned and skilful physician. Upon 
the organization in 1859 of the Hahne- 
mann Medical College of Chicago, he 

IS 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



was selected for the chair of chemistry, 
and afterward for that of theory and 
practice, from which he resigned in 1870. 
Shortly before his death the same institu- 
tion elected him Professor Emeritus of 
Special Pathology and Diagnosis. Dr. 
Cooke was essentially progressive, hail- 
ing with delight every new medical dis- 
covery and introducing into his practice 
every new remedy or antiseptic. He was 
the author of a work entitled "Satan in 
Society," in which he quotes largely from 
his experiences as a physician. In 1866, 
after months of close study and as a 
result of strong conviction. Dr. Cooke 
became a member of the Roman Catholic 
church, his obedience to the dictates of 
conscience separating him from his be- 
loved brother Masons, and costing him a 
large part of his professional practice, 
which, however, he soon regained. St. 
Ignatius College, Chicago, conferred 
upon him the degree of Doctor of Laws. 
Dr. Cooke married, October 15, 1856, 
Laura Wheaton Abbot, whose ancestral 
record is appended to this sketch, and 
their children were : Nicholas Francis, 
born August 7, 1857; Abbot S., mentioned 
below; Joseph W., born November 29, 
1867; and Mary G., born November 17, 
1869. married, October 21, 1902, Craig 
Heberton, of Philadelphia. The death of 
Dr. Cooke occurred February i, 1885, 
and Mrs. Cooke, who had been received 
with her husband into the Roman Cath- 
olic church, died December 13, 1895. 

(VII) Abbot S. Cooke, son of Nicholas 
Francis and Laura Wheaton (Abbot) 
Cooke, was born July 9, 1859, in Chicago, 
Illinois, and received his early education 
under private tuition in his native city. 
From 1876 to 1879 he was a cadet at the 
United States Naval Academy, An- 
napolis, Maryland. His initial business 
experience was gained in the Chicago 
office of the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne & 

23 



Chicago railroad, and from 1881 to 1885 
he was engaged in mercantile and bank- 
ing business in New Mexico. His next 
removal was to Kansas, where in addition 
to his connection with banking he be- 
came interested in the lumber business, 
remaining until 1896. 

In that year Mr. Cooke came to Pitts- 
burgh, finding in that city a field peculiar- 
ly adapted to the exercise of his energies. 
He engaged in the mining machinery 
business, and when in 1905 the Cooke- 
Wilson Electric Supply Company was 
organized he became its president, an 
office which he has since continuously 
retained. He is also president of the 
Cooke & Wilson Company of Charleston, 
West Virginia, and a director of the 
Union Collieries Company of Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania, and the Electric Materials 
Company of North East, Pennsylvania, 
as well as a member of the Pittsburgh 
Board of Trade. He is a man of progres- 
sive ideas and by his success has abund- 
antly proved his ability. As an energetic 
and enterprising citizen Mr. Cooke is 
always ready to give practical aid to any 
movement which he believes would 
advance the public welfare. His charities 
are numerous but extremely unostenta- 
tious. He belongs to the Sons of ^he 
American Revolution, the National Geo- 
graphic Society, the Pittsburgh Art So- 
ciety, the Duquesne Club, the Pittsburgh 
Athletic Association, the Automobile 
Club of Pittsburgh and the Oakmont 
Country Club. He and his family are 
members of St. Paul's Cathedral of Pitts- 
burgh. 

As his countenance shows, Mr. Cooke 
is a man of deep convictions and great 
force of character, his clear, direct gaze 
speaking of will power, fidelity and 
tenacity of purpose. Quick to see an 
emergency, he is equally quick in devis- 
ing a plan to meet it, and he has at all 
16 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



times stood as an able exponent of the 
spirit of the age in his efforts to advance 
progress and improvement. His nature 
is genial and he is emphatically a man of 
many friends. 

Mr. Cooke married, November 15, 
1883, at Lincoln, Illinois, Mary Belle, 
daughter of Benjamin F. and Ann Louisa 
(Ashe) Smith. Mr. Smith wras born in 
1830, in Adair county, Kentucky, re- 
moved to Lincoln and in 1862 enlisted in 
the Union army as corporal of Company 
F, io6th Regiment Illinois Infantry. In 
July, 1865, he was mustered out as ser- 
geant of the same company and regiment. 
Sergeant Smith belonged to James R. 
Fulton Post, Grand Army of the Re- 
public, Garden City, Kansas. He died 
in 1902. 

The follovvring children have been born 
to Mr. and Mrs. Cooke: Georgia Ger- 
trude, in religion, Sister Aquin, of the 
Sisters of Mercy ; Laura Abbot ; Doro- 
thea May ; Mary Bertile, novir Mrs. John 
B. Curley; and Wilhelmina Louise. Mrs. 
Cooke, a woman of rare wifely qualities, 
is admirably fitted to be the helpmate of 
a man like her husband the centre of 
whose happiness is in his home and who 
delights in the exercise of hospitality. 

Throughout his notably successful 
career Mr. Cooke has ably and worthily 
maintained the noble traditions of his 
ancestry, proving that the traits of cour- 
age, fidelity and self-forgetful devotion 
to duty which marked the brave soldiers 
and sailors, the high-minded merchant 
and the heroic physician, are no less 
characteristic of the true Pittsburgh 
business man. 

(The Power Line). 

Nicholas Power, the first ancestor of 
record, was an associate of Roger Wil- 
liams in the settlement of Providence, 
and one of the thirteen purchasers of 
Shawomet (Warwick) from the Indians. 



He was a man of large means and his 
sudden death, intestate, August 25, 1657, 
was the cause of what would now be 
regarded as a most extraordinary pro- 
ceeding. Ten years after, his estate being 
still unsettled, the town council made a 
will for him, disposing of his property as 
they thought proper and not according 
to any law. 

(II) Nicholas (2), son of Nicholas (i) 
Power, was slain, December 19, 1675, at 
the famous capture of the Narragansett 
Fort. 

(III) Nicholas (3) , son of Nicholas 
(2) Power, was presumably of Provi^ 
dence, Rhode Island. 

(IV) Mary, daughter of Nicholas (3) 
Power, was born March 29, 1696, and 
became the wife of Daniel Cooke, as 
mentioned above. 

(The Abbot Line). 

George Abbot, founder of the Amer- 
ican branch of the family, emigrated 
about 1640 from Yorkshire, England, to 
the colony of Massachusetts, being one 
of the first settlers of Andover, where he 
lived and died on a farm that was until 
recently in the possession of his descend- 
ants. The house was used as a garrison 
for protection against the Indians many 
years both before and after his death. 
George Abbot married, in 1647, Hannah, 
daughter of William and Annis Chand- 
ler, and among the thirteen children bom 
to them was Benjamin, mentioned below. 
The death of George Abbot occurred De- 
cember 24, 1681, he being then sixty-six 
years of age. 

(II) Benjamin, son of George and 
Hannah (Chandler) Abbot, was born De- 
cember 20, 1661, on the homestead, where 
he passed his entire life. He married, in 
1685, Sarah, daughter of Ralph Farnum, 
an early Andover settler, and among 
their children was Benjamin, mentioned 
below. 



2317 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(III) Benjamin (2), son of Benjamin 
(i) and Sarah (Farnum) Abbot, was 
born July 11, 1686, and passed his life on 
the homestead. He married (first) in 
1717, Elizabeth, his cousin, daughter of 
George Abbot. She died in 1718, leaving 
a daughter Sarah, born August 13, 1718, 
and Mr. Abbot married (second) in 1722, 
Mary Carlton, who died in January, 1726. 
Mr. Abbot married (third) in 1729, Abi- 
gail, daughter of Nehemiah Abbot, who 
died December 8, 1753, surviving her 
husband five years. By his second mar- 
riage Mr. Abbot became the father of 
two sons : Benjamin, mentioned below ; 
and Daniel, born January 9, 1726, died in 
April, 1793. Benjamin Abbot, the father, 
died December 8, 1748. 

(IV) Benjamin (3), son of Benjamin 
(2) and Mary (Carlton) Abbot, was born 
November i, 1723, and married, in 1747, 
Elizabeth, daughter of George Abbot. 
Among their children was Joel, men- 
tioned below. Benjamin Abbot died Jan- 
uary 5, 1770. 

(V) Joel, son of Benjamin (3) and 
Elizabeth (Abbot) Abbot, was born De- 
cember 4, 1757, and married Lydia Cum- 
mings, who was born November 26, 1769. 
Four sons and four daughters were born 
to them, one of the sons being Joel, men- 
tioned below. Joel Abbot, the father, 
died April 12, 1806, and the mother of 
the family passed away March 5, 1813. 

(VI) Joel (2), son of Joel (i) and 
Lydia (Cummings) Abbot, was born 
January 18, 1793, entered the United 
States navy, and served as a midshipman 
under Commodore MacDonough, taking 
part in the memorable battle on Lake 
Champlain during the war of 1812. He 
was promoted to a lieutenancy for gal- 
lant conduct not only during the action 
but before, in discharge of hazardous 
duty. He also received from Congress 
a handsome sword and an appointment to 

23 



the navy for his brother. In 1848 he was 
made post captain, the highest rank of the 
old navy, and was placed in command of 
the frigate "Macedonian," of the famous 
Perry Expedition which made a treaty 
with Japan and opened the ports of that 
country. At the conclusion of the treaty, 
in which he bore a prominent part. Cap- 
tain Abbot succeeded Commodore Perry 
in the command of the squadron, with 
the rank of commodore. The onerous 
and delicate duties thus imposed upon 
him,, together with his extraordinary 
labors in the interest of navigation in 
Chinese waters, impaired the health of 
the veteran, but when told by his physi- 
cians that a speedy return home alone 
could save his life, he said: "I belong to 
the old school of officers and remain at 
my post until regularly relieved." The 
government, which had already given 
public approval of his course in Japan 
and China, had ordered a relief sent to 
him, but it arrived too late to save the 
life of the old hero, who expired at Hong 
Kong, December 14, 1855. Commodore 
Abbot married (first) Mary Wood, of 
Newburyport, Massachusetts, who died 
April 15, 1824, leaving a son, Joel Wood 
Abbot. He married (second) November 
29, 1825, Laura Wheaton (see Wheaton 
line), and among their children was a 
daughter, Laura Wheaton, mentioned be- 
low. 

(VII) Laura Wheaton, daughter of 
Joel (2) and Laura (Wheaton) Abbot, 
was born March 10, 1835, and became the 
wife of Nicholas Francis Cooke, as stated 
above. 

(The Wheaton Line). 

Charles Wheaton served in the Revo- 
lutionary War as quartermaster-sergeant 
of a Rhode Island regiment of artillery. 
He married Abigail Miller (see Miller 
line), and their daughter Laiu-a is men- 
tioned below. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Laura, daughter of Charles and Abi- 
gail (Miller) Wheaton, became the wife 
of Joel (2) Abbot, as stated above. 

(The Miller Line). 

Nathan Miller was deputy for Warren, 
Rhode Island, in 1772-73-74-80-82-83-90. 
In May, 1777, he was colonel of militia 
in the county of Bristol, Rhode Island, 
and in 1778 he was a member of the 
Council of War. In May, 1779, he was 
made brigadier-general of the Rhode 
Island briga'' and in February, 1786, he 
was chosen to repr' sent the State in Con- 
gress. He was a delegate to the Con- 
stitutional Convention held at Newport, 
Rhode Island, in May, 1790. General 
Miller married Rebecca Barton, and they 
were the parents of a daughter Abigail, 
mentioned below. There is in posses- 
sion of the family a sword presented to 
General Miller by General Rochambeau at 
the opening of the Cornwallis campaign. 
Abigail, daughter of Nathan and Rebecca 
(Barton) Miller, became the wife of 
Charles Wheaton (see Wheaton line). 



TOWNE, John Henry, 

Man of Xiarge Achievements. 

William Towne, the American founder 
of the family from which descended John 
Henry Towne, came from England to 
this country in 1640, bringing with him a 
son, Edmund Towne, who married Mary 
Browning. The line of descent to John 
H. Towne is through their son Joseph 
Towne, who married Mary Smith ; their 
son, Nathan Towne ; his son, Nathan (2) 
Towne, who married Mary Poole; their 
son, Benjamin Towne, who married Me- 
hitable Chandler ; and their son, John 
Towne, who married Sarah Robinson, 
and who were the parents of John Henry 
Towne. 

John Towne, bom 1787, was a man of 



notable character and achievements, 
whose undertakings were large for their 
day, and earned for him ultimately a 
handsome competence. In partnership 
with Mr. Henry Robinson, of England, 
whose sister Sarah he subsequently mar- 
ried, he engaged successfully in business 
in Baltimore until 1817, when he moved 
to Pittsburgh, where he operated a line 
of steamboats from Pittsburgh to New 
Orleans, and did a commission business 
in cotton and sugar. In 1833 ^^- Robin- 
son, who had previously removed to Bos- 
ton and become owner of the Boston Gas 
Works, invited Mr. Towne to join him 
as a partner and to assume the superin- 
tendency of the gas works. Having ac- 
cepted this offer, Mr. Towne removed 
his home from Pittsburgh to Boston, 
where he resided until 1840, when at the 
age of fifty-three he retired from busi- 
ness and moved to Philadelphia, where 
his elder son had preceded him, with his 
family of five daughters and a younger 
son. His wife, a woman of fine charac- 
ter, had died in 1833, just prior to the 
move from Pittsburgh. Here in Philadel- 
phia he purchased a handsome home, still 
standing (No. 1608 Walnut street), his 
neighbor on the west being the Hon. 
William J. Duane, the distinguished law- 
yer, who drew the will of Stephen Girard, 
and who, as Secretary of the Treasury, 
was removed by President Jackson be- 
cause of his refusal to sign the order 
(which he disapproved) for the with- 
drawal of the Federal deposits from the 
Bank of the United States, and whose 
daughter, Mrs. E. D. Gillespie, has only 
recently closed her career as one of Phila- 
delphia's most distinguished women. The 
intimacy then begun between the two 
families lasted as long as any of them 
survived. 

In 1849 Mr. John Towne purchased a 
beautiful country seat in the Huntingdon 



2319 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Valley, about twelve miles from Phila- 
delphia (near what is now Bethayres), 
which he made his home until his death 
in 1 85 1. He was a lover of the fine arts, 
and had a collection of paintings which 
was notable for its day. Among his 
friends were the artists Leutze, Sully 
and Peale. He was also a lover of flow- 
ers, and in each of his places of residence 
cultivated them extensively and success- 
fully, especially rare varieties of camel- 
lias and heaths. 

John Henry Towne, the elder son, had 
been sent from Boston to Philadelphia to 
study engineering, for which he had a 
strong inclination, in the machine shop of 
Merrick & Agnew, where he showed luch 
ability and aptitude that in 1835 he was 
admitted to partnership, the firm then be- 
coming Merrick & Towne, and the plant, 
on Washington avenue, where it still 
exists, although much enlarged, being 
designated as the "Southwark Foundry," 
which title it still bears. Here for the 
next thirteen years he pursued with great 
activity and success his chosen profes- 
sion, acting as the chief engineer of the 
firm in designing and building marine 
and other heavy machinery, including the 
engines, designed by Captain John Erics- 
son, for the United States ship "Prince- 
ton," the first screw war vessel ever built, 
also centrifugal sugar machines from the 
designs of Mr. N. Rillieux, the original 
inventor. The firm were also the Ameri- 
can builders of the original Nasmyth 
steam hammer. The friendship formed 
at this time with Captain Ericsson lasted 
until the death of Mr. Towne. Among 
his assistants were included Mr. B. H. 
Bartol and Mr. Washington Jones, both 
familiar names in connection with Phila- 
delphia's engineering interests. In 1843 
he had married Maria R., daughter of 
Joshua Tevis, a prominent merchant of 
Philadelphia, her mother being Rebecca 



Risteau Carnan. of Baltimore, where the 
daughter spent much of her girlhood. 

In 1847 Mr. Samuel Vaughan Merrick, 
the senior partner, became the first presi- 
dent of the Pennsylvania Railroad Com- 
pany, organized in 1846, and, partly be- 
cause of the changed relations thus in- 
volved, the firm was dissolved in 1848. 

For the next few years Mr. Towne en- 
gaged in practice as a consulting engi- 
neer, specializing in the building and im- 
provement of gas works. Among those 
designed and built by him were the origi- 
nal gas works in Savannah, Georgia, and 
New Bedford. Massachusetts. During 
this period, about 1854, he built the house 
at No. 1616 Locust street, still standing, 
which was his home until he died, and 
a little later bought as a summer home 
a place near Shoemakertown (now 
Ogontz) on the line of the North Penn- 
sylvania railroad, which was then being 
projected, and which has since become a 
part of the Reading system. 

When the building of this railroad was 
undertaken, the person chosen as its first 
president was the Hon. John Welsh, one 
of Philadelphia's most honored citizens, 
and a benefactor of the University, to 
which he gave as an endowment fund the 
$50,000 presented to him by citizens in 
appreciation of his work as chairman of 
the finance committee of the Centennial 
Exposition. Mr. Welsh's many other 
duties precluding his undertaking the 
active responsibilities of this new posi- 
tion, he proposed, if indeed he did not 
stipulate, that Mr. Towne should be in- 
duced to serve as vice-president, and as 
such to assume the active responsibility 
of the undertaking, and Mr. Towne ac- 
cepted the position on this understand- 
ing. Both Mr. Welsh and Mr. Towne 
served without compensation, the latter 
devoting himself wholly to the work 
until, after many trials and difficulties. 



2320 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the road was completed as then projected, 
and successfully put into operation. On 
resigning his position, Mr. Towne was 
the recipient of a beautiful testimonial 
silver vase which bore the following in- 
scription : 

Presented to John Henry Towne, Esq., by 
the Directors of the North Pennsylvania Rail- 
road Company, in grateful appreciation of his 
disinterested and valuable services while Vice- 
President of the Company. June, 1857. 

Mr. Towne was a life member and an 
ofificer of the Franklin Institute, and was 
long an active director of the Philadel- 
phia & Reading Railroad Company, the 
Allentown Iron Company, and of several 
other corporations. 

In 1861, impelled by his strong patriot- 
ism to resume active work under condi- 
tions which would enable him to be of 
use to his country during the crisis of the 
Civil War, he became a partner in the 
firm of I. P. Morris & Co., owners of the 
Port Richmond Iron Works, now form- 
ing part of the Cram.p Shipyards, the 
other partners then being Mr. Isaac P. 
Morris, Mr. Lewis Taws and Mr. John 
Thompson. The firm proposed to under- 
take government work, and desired Mr. 
Towne's services as its chief engineer. 
After his admission the firm name be- 
came I. P. Morris, Towne & Co. Almost 
immediately upon the opening of the war 
the firm was awarded contracts for the 
engines for some of the earlier gunboats 
and monitors. Lasting throughout the 
war, this work embraced the machinery 
for seven or eight warships, including 
that for the two double-turreted monitors 
"Monadnock" and "Agamenticus," built 
from the designs of Captain Ericsson, 
with whom Mr. Towne was thus again 
brought into active professional relations. 
The firm also built blast engines, sugar 
machinery, rolling mills, and the Erics- 
son caloric engine. 



About 1869-70 Mr. Towne withdrew 
from the firm and permanently retired 
from active business, making his princi- 
pal home in Philadelphia, and his sum- 
mer home at Manchester-by-the-Sea, 
Massachusetts, where he had acquired 
the estate known as "Eagle Head," which 
after his death became the principal home 
of his widow until her death in 1892. His 
health began to fail in 1874, in the latter 
part of which year he went to Europe 
with his wife and younger daughter. His 
death occurred suddenly, in April, 1875, 
in Paris, and his remains rest in Laurel 
Hill Cemetery. 

He was a man of refined tastes, keenly 
appreciative of nature, painting, music 
and science, quiet and somewhat reserved 
in manner, but deeply interested in cur- 
rent events and ready to act when needed 
in the service of the public. Among his 
friends were Dr. William H. Furness and 
his brother James, Professor J. P. Lesley, 
Mr. Joseph Harrison, Mr. William Sel- 
lers and his cousin Coleman, Mr. Charles 
Borie, and Professors John Frazer, E. 
Otis Kendall and Fairman Rogers, of the 
University, all familiar names to many 
Philadelphians still living. 

During his later years Mr. Towne 
served actively as a trustee of the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania, and in his will made 
it his residuary legatee, specifying simply, 
as to the large fund thereby created, that 
"the income shall be used exclusively for 
paying the salaries of professors and 
other instructors in the Department of 
Science." In recognition of this gift the 
trustees adopted as the official title of 
this department the name it now bears, 
"The Towne Scientific School." 

Mr. Towne had children : Henry R. 
(see narrative following) ; Helen C, 
widow of Dr. William F. Jenks, of Phila- 
delphia ; and Alice N., wife of Roland C. 
Lincoln, of Boston, Massachusetts. 



2321 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



TOWNE, Henry Robinson, 

Manufactnrer, Scientist, Aatbor. 

Although since 1868 known to the 
manufacturing world as the president of 
the great Yale & Towne Manufacturing 
Company, and as the author of technical 
and mechanical works, Mr. Towne began 
his career at the Port Richmond Iron 
Works at Philadelphia, a city which bene- 
fited greatly through the genius and lib- 
erality of his honored father, John Henry 
Towne, founder of the Towne Scientific 
School, University of Pennsylvania. 

Henry Robinson Towne was born Au- 
gust 28, 1844, in Philadelphia. Pennsyl- 
vania, was educated in private schools, 
and entered the University of Pennsyl- 
vania, class of 1865. He did not remain 
until graduation, leaving to accept a posi- 
tion, but in 1887 the University bestowed 
upon him the honorary degree of Master 
of Arts. He began his career in the busi- 
ness world with the Port Richmond 
Iron Works, Philadelphia, as mechanical 
draughtsman, and until 1866 was en- 
gaged on heavy engineering work, par- 
ticularly marine engines for Government 
war vessels, superintending the erection 
of such on the monitors "Monadnock" 
and "Agamenticus, and other war vessels 
at the navy-yards in Philadelphia, Bos- 
ton and Portsmouth, also having charge 
of repairs on other government vessels. 

In 1866 he went to Europe for an ex- 
tended tour of the great engineering 
plants of England, Belgium and France, 
supplemented by a six months' course in 
engineering at the Sorbonne, Paris, spe- 
cial studies in engineering with the late 
Robert Briggs, and in the shops of Wil- 
liam Sellers & Company, in Philadelphia, 
until the summer of 1868. 

In October, 1868, he became a partner 
of Linus Yale, Jr., who was then in busi- 
ness at Shelburne Falls. Massachusetts. 



The partners incorporated the proposed 
new enterprise under the title The Yale 
Lock Manufacturing Company, and pur- 
chased a site for a factory plant at Stam- 
ford, Connecticut. Two months later, 
December, 1868, Air. Yale died, leaving 
the enterprise in the hands of Mr. Towne 
and his son, John B. Yale, the latter suc- 
ceeding to his father's interest. In 1869 
Mr. Towne became president of the com- 
pany, subsequently acquiring the Yale in- 
terest, and has been its executive head 
through all its years of wonderful expan- 
sion until the present. The use of Yale 
locks is general through the world, the 
great plants of the company have ex- 
panded to meet all demands and the Yale 
and Towne Manufacturing Company, of 
Stamford and New York, manufacturers 
of Yale locks, builders' hardware, chain 
blocks and so forth, ranks among the 
great industrial corporations of the world. 
The number of its employees now ex- 
ceeds five thousand. 

Mr. Towne is more than the manufac- 
turer, more than the engineer, more than 
the successful business man. He is all 
of these and in addition, the scientist, 
author of standard works and a con- 
sultant on the scientific aspects of many 
engineering problems. 

In 1883 he published "Towne on 
Cranes," an authority; in 1905, "Locks 
and Builders Hardware ;" and the col- 
umns of technical and scientific journals 
are frequently enriched by articles from 
his pen. 

He is a life member of the American 
Society of Mechanical Engineers, was its 
president in 1888-1890. In 1889 he was 
chosen chairman of a party of three hun- 
dred civil, mechanical mining engineers 
which, as guests of the Institution of 
Civil Engineers of London and the So- 
ciete des Ingenieurs Civils of Paris, vis- 
ited England and France. 



2322 




L<'">J^'sUe'^a/ /^t.&- £7^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



He has long been an active member of 
the Merchants' Association of New York, 
and was its president from 1908 to 1913. 
While the weight of years is upon him, 
they have not diminished the vigor of his 
mind, nor the value of his executive serv- 
ice to the great business with which he 
has been connected from its foundation 
and of which he is the cornerstone and 
chief pillar. His clubs are the Century, 
University, Engineers and Hardware of 
New York, and the St. Anthony of Phila- 
delphia, and he is an interested member 
of the Pennsylvania Society. 

Mr. Towne married, in 1868, Cora E., 
daughter of John P. White, of Philadel- 
phia, and has had two sons, John Henry, 
who is living, and Frederick Tallmadge, 
who died in 1906. Since 1892 his resi- 
dence has been in New York City, his 
present home being No. 121 Madison 
avenue. 



CRARY, Nathan B., 

Coal Operator, Man of Affairs. 

At the age of eighty-one years, Nathan 
Beach Crary passed from earthly scenes, 
after a life of exceptional usefulness and 
honor. Beach Grove, his birthplace, was 
named, owned and occupied by his fam- 
ily prior to the American Revolution, and 
a portion of the original estate he owned 
until a short time before his death. At a 
very early age he assumed the manage- 
ment of the family farm lands, and also 
the adjoining lands at Beach Grove, 
leased from the Beach heirs (of whom 
he was one) and managed all, though 
very young to assume such responsibil- 
ity. This love of the soil never left him, 
but he ever retained a lively interest in 
matters agricultural and during his later 
years, although immersed in important 
business affairs, his farms, whether it was 
the one in Illinois or the two in Penn- 
sylvania, were pet hobbies. 



Of Puritan stock and a descendant of 
illustrious ancestors, like them, he was 
always fearless in his convictions of right. 
He was of a most benevolent nature, 
ready to aid the suffering and needy and 
trying always to help others to help 
themselves. He was staunch in his 
friendships — in his business relations; 
what is so rare, they nearly always de- 
veloped into fast friendships, frequently 
friendships of generations. One of these, 
a much younger man than Mr. Crary, in 
speaking of that quality and of others pos- 
sessed by him, said, "He was a prince 
among men — so good and so noble.'' He 
was most unostentatious and unassum- 
ing and it was said of him on another 
occasion, that he would have succeeded 
in anything he undertook, so sound was 
his judgment, so wonderful his powers of 
discernment. His aim in life was to live 
according to Micah 6:8, "He hath shewed 
thee, O man, what is good, and what doth 
the Lord require of thee, but to do justly 
and to love mercy and to walk humbly 
with thy God." 

He was a lineal descendant of Peter 
Crary, a Scotchman who first settled in 
Boston, going thence in 1663 to New 
London, Connecticut, of which town he 
was one of the patentees. There is a 
family tradition, that the name Crary 
during the time of Robert Bruce, of Scot- 
land, was MacQuarrie, of the Clan Mac- 
Quarrie, descended from the first King 
of Scotland, King Alpin. Peter and John, 
brothers, came to this country together 
from their home, Argylshire, Scotland, 
John settling in Boston, Peter going to 
Connecticut. One dropped the Mac from 
his name and the other brother retained it. 
Peter Crary settled in the town of Groton, 
New London county, and on December 
31, 1677, married Christobel, daughter of 
Captain John and Hannah (Lake) Gal- 
lup. (See Gallup forward). Peter Crary, 
the founder, died at Groton in 1708. Chil- 



2323 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



dren : Christobel, born February, 1678- 
79, married Ebenezer Harris; Peter (2), 
baptized April 30, 1682 ; Margaret, bap- 
tized August 20, 1682, married Ebenezer 
Pierce, of Groton ; John, baptized August 
8, 1686; William, baptized November 6, 
1687; Robert, baptized May 11, 1690; 
Hannah or Ann, baptized July 17, 1692, 
married Nathan Bushnell, of Norwich. 
Peter (2) Crary, baptized at Stonington, 
Connecticut, April 30, 1682, was living 
at Groton, Connecticut, June 25, 1751, 
when he deeded land to his son Nathan. 
He married, January 11, 1709-10. Ann 
Culver. Children: Peter (3), born Janu- 
ary 6, 1710-11, at Groton; Thomas, Feb- 
ruary 2, 1711-12; Ann, November 29, 
1713, married Daniel Woodward; Lucy, 
born December 29, 1715 ; Nathan, Octo- 
ber 7, 1717; Eunice, October 26, 1719; 
Humphrey, September 7, 1721, died No- 
vember 14, 1748, married Ann , 



Thomas, son of Nathan Crary and his 
first wife, was born October i, 1744, died 
November 3, 1834, and is buried in Scho- 
harie county, New York. He married, 
January 9, 1772, Mehitable Mason. Chil- 
dren : Thomas (2), born January 11, 1775, 
married Polly Holmes : Mary, born 
March 25, 1777; Mason, of further men- 
tion; Eunice, born May 25, 1782; Cyn- 
thia, born May 21, 1786, married Nathan 
Cheseborough ; Amos, born May 25, 1788; 
Andrew, born July 7, 1790; Ephraim,, 
born February 3, 1793 ; Jabez, born April 
I, 1796. 

Dr. Mason Crary, son of Thomas and 
Mehitable (Mason) Crary, was born No- 
vember 15, 1779, at Stonington, Connec- 
ticut ; died at Beach Grove, Salem, Penn- 
sylvania, September 20, 1855, and is there 
buried. He first studied for the Presby- 
terian ministry, but finally embraced the 
profession of medicine, and was one of 
the early physicians of Wilkes-Barre, 
Pennsylvania. He first occupied the 
Perry house, which is still standing on 
the corner of South Main and Northamp- 
ton streets, and resided there until July 
I, 1814, then moved to the Judge Gibson 
house on Northampton street, now occu- 



who died May 3, 1739; Temperance, born 
November 2, 1723, baptized October 26, 
1729; Desire, baptized October 26, 1729. 
Nathan, son of Peter (2) Crary, was 
born October 7, 1717, died at Groton, 
Connecticut, March 24, 1798. He mar- 
ried (first) November 2, 1742, Dorothy 
Wheeler, who died May 5, 1787; he mar- pied by Dr. G. T. Matlack. His practice 
ried (second) Ruth Searles. Children: was very large in town and country, re- 
Thomas, born October i, 1744; Nathan, quiring the aid of an assistant. At the 
March 6, 1746; Anna, March 7, 1749, time of the yellow fever epidemic in 
married Jonathan Randall ; Isaac, born Philadelphia, Dr. Crary, with other phy- 
July 17, 1751 ; Lucy, April, 1753, died sicians, volunteered his services and 
August 24, 1754; Eunice, born April 28, fought the dread disease until his serv- 
1755, died January 18, 1764; Prudence, ices were no longer required. He was 
born April 6, 1757, married Edward exceptionally successful in the treatment 



Packer; Dorothy, born March 26, 1759, 
married Timothy Woodbridge ; Hannah, 
born November i, 1761, married Abner 
Brownell. Children by second marriage : 



of fever patients, performing some cures 
that were considered almost miraculous. 
He then returned to his Beach Grove 
farm, and was in full practice up to five 



Captain Jesse, born April i, 1789. died years of his death in 1855. He married, 
July 25, 1849, a sea captain of Groton; September 9, 1806, Desire Beach, daugh- 
Sarah, born May 25, 1795, married Sam- ter of Nathan and Susan (Thomas) 
uel Dayton. Beach, of Beach Grove. Susan (Thomas) 

2324 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Beach was of Philadelphia Quaker stock, 
thus introducing a strain of Quaker an- 
cestry into the otherwise unbroken New 
England ancestry of their son, Nathan 
Beach Crary. Nathan Beach was of the 
Beach family of Wallingford, Connecti- 
cut; his mother, Desire (Herrick) Beach, 
the first white woman from Connecticut 
to cross the Blue Mountains into the 
Wyoming Valley. She was a descendant 
of John Herrick, of Salem, Massachu- 
setts, the first of the name in America, 
son of Sir William and Lady Joan Her- 
rick, of Beau Manor, Leicestershire. Eng- 
land. Beau Manor, the old English home, 
is yet occupied by Herrick descendants. 
Children of Dr. Mason and Desire 
(Beach) Crary; Erasmus Darwin, born 
at Berwick, Pennsylvania, September i8, 
1807, married Susan Machette, of Phila- 
delphia; Ellen Hollenback, born at Beach 
Grove, May 30, 1809, died unmarried ; 
Beach Thomas, born January 18, 1812, 
died October, 1899, married Eliza St. 
Clair; Mason (2), born May 28, 1814, 
died February 4, 1892, married Elspeth 
Grant ; Susan Beach, born 1816, died Oc- 
tober 30, 1891, unmarried; Ann Maria, 
born June 18, 1820, died May 20, 1821 ; 
Caroline, born 1822; Stephen Beach, born 
September 6, 1824; Hannah Baird, born 
1826; Nathan Beach, to whose memory 
this sketch is dedicated. 

(The GaUup Line). 

John Gallup, the ancestor of most of 
the name in this country, came to Amer- 
ica from the parish of Mosterne, County 
Dorset, England, in the year 1630. He 
was the son of John Gallup, who married 

Crabbe, and the grandson of 

Thomas and Agnes (Watkins) Gallup, of 
North Bowood and Strode, whose de- 
scendants yet own and occupy the Man- 
ors of Strode. John Gallup married 
Christobel, whose last name does not ap- 



pear ; he sailed March 20, 1630, in the 
ship "Mary and John," arriving at Nan- 
tucket, May 30, following. He was a 
skillful mariner, and for some time re- 
sided in Boston, an island in the harbor 
yet bearing his name. He was always 
known as Captain John Gallup. He won 
colonial and later national fame through 
his successful fight with the Indians off 
Block Island, called the first naval battle 
fought on the Atlantic coast. Captain 
John and his wife Christobel both died 
in Boston, he in 1649, she on July 27, 
1655. Their wills are among the earliest 
recorded. 

Captain John (2) Gallup, son of Cap- 
tain John and Christobel Gallup, was 
born in England, about 161 5, and came 
to America with his mother, two broth- 
ers and sister, in the ship "Grififith," ar- 
riving in Boston, September 4, 1633. He 
moved from Boston to Taunton, Massa- 
chusetts, in 1640, there remaining until 
1651, when he moved to Connecticut. He 
first settled at New London, but in 1654 
at what is now Stonington, on a grant of 
land given him by that town in 1653 in 
recognition of the distinguished services 
rendered by himself and his father in the 
Pequot war. When King Philip's war 
broke out, although he was sixty years of 
age, he volunteered his services and fell 
at the Great Swamp fight with the Narra- 
gansetts, December 19, 1676, one of the 
six captains who that memorable day 
gave up their lives, winning a complete 
victory, but at a fearful sacrifice of life 
on both sides. He represented the town 
at the General Court in 1665 and 1667, 
and was also an Indian interpreter. He 
married, in 1643, Hannah Lake, born in 
England, who came to America with her 
mother. Mrs. Margaret Lake, in the ship 
"Abigail," October 6, 1635 Mrs. Mar- 
garet Lake was a sister of the wife of 
Governor Winthrop. Children of Captain 



2325 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



John (2) and Hannah (Lake) Gallup: 
Hannah, born at Boston, September 14, 
1644; John, born 1646, died April 14, 
1735, married Elizabeth Harris of Ips- 
wich, Massachusetts ; Esther, born at 
New London, March 24, 1653 ; Benadam, 
a soldier of the Colonial wars, born at 
Stonington, 1655, married Esther Pren- 
tice ; William ; Samuel ; Christobel, mar- 
ried, December 31, 1677, Peter Crary, the 
American ancestor of Nathan Beach 
Crary ; Elizabeth, married Henry Stevens, 
of Stonington ; Mary, married John Cole, 
of Boston ; Margaret, married Joseph 
Culver, of Groton. 

Hannah (Lake) Gallup, the mother of 
these children, was a daughter of John 
and Margaret (Read) Lake, and grand- 
daughter of Edward Read, Esquire, of 
Wickford, in Essex, England. Margaret 
(Read) Lake's sister, Elizabeth Read, 
was the wife of John Winthrop, Jr., 
Governor of Connecticut. Their mother, 
according to good evidence, is believed to 
have married a second husband, Hugh 
Peters. 

The Gallup Arms : "Gules on a bend or 
a lion passant guardant sable." Crest: "A 
demi-lion barry or and sable, holding in 
his dexter paw a broken arrow gules." 
Motto: "Be Bold, Be Wyse." 

Nathan Beach Crary derived descent 
from other illustrious men of colonial 
days through Dorothy Wheeler, wife 
of Nathan Crary, of the third Ameri- 
can generation, and through Mehitable 
Mason, wife of Thomas Crary, of the 
fourth generation. 

Dorothy Wheeler was the granddaugh- 
ter of Isaac Wheeler and his wife, Martha 
Park Wheeler, and daughter of William 
Wheeler, baptized December 18, 1681. 
He (William) married. May 30, 1710, 
Hannah Gallup, born at Stonington, May 
22, 1683, died 1754, daughter of Bena- 
dam and Esther (Prentice) Gallup; chil- 



dren of William and Hannah (Gallup) 
Wheeler: Hannah, born January 12, 1712, 
married Simeon Miner; Isaac, bom Janu- 
ary 24, 1714; Anna, December 23, 1715; 
Martha, April 23, 1717; Dorothy, born 
March, 1721, married, November 2, 1742, 
Nathan Crary ; Esther, born February, 
1723; Eunice, July 3, 1727. 

Benadam Gallup, grandfather of Doro- 
thy (Wheeler) Crary, was born at Ston- 
ington in 1655, married Esther Prentice, 
born July 20, 1660, died May 18, 1751. 
He was a soldier of the colonial wars, 
and a land owner of Stonington. His 
eldest child, Hannah, born May 22, 1683, 
died 1754, married. May 30, 1710, William 
Wheeler. His other children were: 
Esther, born 1685; Mercy, 1690; Bena- 
dam, 1693; Joseph, 1695; Margaret, 1698; 
Lucy, 1701. 

Mehitable (Mason) Crary was a de- 
scendant of Captain John Mason, con- 
queror of the Pequots, 1637, founder of 
Norwich, Connecticut, deputy 1637-42; 
assistant 1642-59; deputy to Colonial 
Congress 1654-55-57-1661 ; Deputy Gov- 
ernor of Connecticut 1660-69; major of 
Colonial forces 1637. He was a signer of 
the royal charter granted by Charles the 
Second to the Connecticut colony. He 
was born in England about 1600, died 
January 30, 1672, married, July, 1640, 
Annie Peck, of London, England. 

Their son, Daniel Mason, born at Say- 
brook, Connecticut, April, 1652, died 
January 28, 1737, married, July, 1679, 
Rebecca, daughter of Reverend Peter 
Hobart, M. A., Cambridge University, 
1629, afterwards of Hingham, Massachu- 
setts, he being one of the founders of 
Hingham, and Congregational minister 
there for forty-three years. 

Their son, Nehemiah Mason, born at 
Stoninglon, November 24, 1693, died May 
13, 1768, married, January 9, 1728, Zer- 
viah Stanton, of Stonington, daughter of 



2326 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Joseph Stanton, born January, 1668, mar- 
ried, July 18, 1696, Margaret Chese- 
brough, a daughter of Nathaniel Chese- 
brough and his wife, Hannah Denison, 
the latter a daughter of Captain George 
Denison. We learn from the records of 
Massachusetts and Connecticut that Cap- 
tain George Denison, of Cromwell's army, 
was not only distinguished as a civilian, 
but became the most distinguished soldier 
of Connecticut in her early settlement, 
except Major John Mason. Zerviah Stan- 
ton Mason was a granddaughter ol Cap- 
tain John Stanton and his wife, Hannah 
Thompson, a sister of Reverend William 
Thompson. Captain John w^as a son of 
Thomas Stanton, born in England, whose 
mother, Katherine Washington, was a 
lineal descendant of Sir Lawrence Wash- 
ington, of Sulgrave Manor, England, the 
ancestor of George Washington. Thomas 
Stanton first located in Virginia, later 
settling in Connecticut, where he founded 
the town of Stonington. He married, in 
1637, Anna, daughter of Dr. Thomas and 
Dorothy Lord. Dr. Thomas Lord, born 
in England, in 1585, came to America 
with his wife, Dorothy (whom he mar- 
ried in 1610), in the ship "Elizabeth and 
Ann," arriving April 28, 1635. Dr. Lord 
was given the first medical license issued 
in New England colonies at Hartford, 
Connecticut, June 30, 1652. His wife 
died in 1676, aged eighty-seven years. 
She sealed her will with the arms of the 
Lord family "Ar. on a fess gu. between 
three cinque foils az. a hind pass, between 
two pheons or." 

From such illustrious ancestors came 
Nathan Beach Crary, born at Beach Grove, 
Pennsylvania, August 15, 1830, died at 
Shickshinny, Pennsylvania, February 24, 
191 1. Beach Grove was a part of the 
estate of Nathan Beach, grandfather of 
Mr. Crary, who was one of the pioneers 
of the Wyoming Valley and a soldier of 



the Revolution, enlisting when but fifteen 
years of age. A full account of his career 
is given in Charles Miner's "History of 
the Wyoming Valley", wherein Mr. 
Miner states that Mr. Beach's account 
of the surrender of Cornwallis is more 
gfraphic than any historian. Mr. Beach 
and Mr. Miner were colleagues in the 
Pennsylvania House of Representatives 
which met at Lancaster in the year 1807. 
It was during the Revolution that General 
Washington advised the youthful Nathan 
Beach to acquire all the lands possible in 
the Wyoming Valley, that some day they 
would be valuable. This advice was fol- 
lowed by Nathan Beach, who later be- 
came one of the largest land owners of 
Luzerne county. He was one of the 
number who witnessed the burning of 
the first anthracite coal in the Jesse Fell 
hickory grate at the tavern on Northamp- 
ton street, Wilkes-Barre, 1808, which 
burning meant so much to the early 
owners of the Wyoming Valley, and on 
which event the Wyoming Historical So- 
ciety was organized to commemorate. 
Nathan Beach was for many years with 
Tench Coxe, they owning and opening 
coal lands in the Hazelton and Beaver 
Meadow district. At this period of coal 
development, the coal was loaded in 
wagons and hauled by oxen to arks and 
shipped by canal to the cities. A number 
of years prior to Mr. Beach's death he 
sold his interests in the partnership to Mr. 
Coxe. Mr. Ario Pardee was employed 
by Mr. Beach as engineer to survey and 
locate his lands in that region. In 1838- 
41, Mr. Beach sold to Mr. Newbold, of 
Philadelphia, the tract of coal land formed 
into the Sugar Loaf Coal Company, which 
afterward became known as Diamond 
Coal Company. Mr, Beach owned and 
opened the Mocanaqua and Shickshinny 
coal lands, selling the former to Carey 
and Hart, of Philadelphia, and retaining 



2327 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the Shickshinny mines, which his grand- 
son, Nathan Beach Crary, after complet- 
ing his years of school work, etc., leased 
from the other heirs and successfully 
mined, becoming a prominent merchant 
and coal operator of his section. A point 
of interest in connection with the Shick- 
shinny mines, operated by Mr. Crary, is, 
that Mr. Crary's brother, Dr. Darwin 
Crary, in 1844, is said to have invented 
the first inclined plane for the purpose of 
shooting coal from the mountain to the 
valley, making shipment much easier 
than the plan in use. These mines Mr. 
Crary finally sold to the Salem Coal Com- 
pany. 

Mr. Crary was very charitable and 
public-spirited. A short time prior to his 
death, he presented to the borough of 
Shickshinny a park, to be known as Crary 
Park, to be used as a recreation ground 
by all, but to be governed by the strictest 
rules regarding temperance and sobriety. 
He was not a member of any church, but 
was a "Friend"' in his religious convic- 
tions. In 1858, Mr. and Mrs. Crary 
founded the first Sunday school in Shick- 
shinny, Mr. Crary being superintendent, 
and Mrs. Crary the first and only teacher 
for a time. The circumstances attending 
the founding of this school are well re- 
membered by many now living. In poli- 
tics he was a Republican. He was a life 
member of the Wyoming Valley Histori- 
cal and Genealogical Society of Wilkes- 
Barre. He promoted the building of the 
Union turnpike in 1875, and was presi- 
dent of the company owning it ; was vice- 
president of the Shickshinny TubeWorks ; 
filled the different offces of burgess, 
school director, etc., etc., and engaged in 
everything that promoted the interests of 
the town, or its welfare, giving freely of 
his substance, his wisdom and of his 
sound business ability. In 1857, he with 
three others, plotted and laid out the 



town of Shickshinny. The site of the 
town was originally the Cist farm, owned 
by the Cist family of Wilkes-Barre. In 
1 861 the town was incorporated a 
borough, and at that time Mr. Crary 
established a mercantile business there, 
which he continued until 1906, when he 
sold to the Shickshinny Store Company. 
He was a man of strict integrity, upright 
and honorable in all things. 

Mr. Crary, married in Wilkes-Barre, 
Pennsylvania, January 23, i860, Miranda 
Lee Overton, born in Kingston township, 
Luzerne county, Pennsylvania, March 29, 
1841, died August 6, 1907. She was a 
woman of rare intellect and character, 
and interested in every good work. It 
was said of her, "her life was one of per- 
petual uplift." The mantle of life which 
enveloped her is a coveted garment for 
any and everyone. She was a daughter 
of Henry Overton, born in Southold, 
Long Island, and his wife, Sarah Jane 
(Wood) Overton, born in Goshen, New 
York. Mrs. Crary was educated at Wyo- 
ming Seminary, Kingston, Pennsylvania, 
and at the Presbyterian Institute at 
Wilkes-Barre, the latter now being known 
as the Wilkes-Barre Institute. 

Children of Nathan Beach and Miranda 
Lee (Overton) Crary: i. John Willard 
Crary. died in 1884. 2. Anne Overton 
Crary, married H. W. Glover, of Detroit, 
Michigan, June 28, 1894, and they have 
children as follows: Nathan Beach Crary 
Glover, Henry Willis Glover, Paul Over- 
ton Glover, Natalie Beach Glover. 3. 
Martha Lenna Crary. 4. Minnie Crary, 
died aged nine. 5. Sara Wood Crary. 6. 
Natalie Beach Crary. 

Mrs. Crary had also a most illustrious 
ancestry of whom the follov/ing are a 
few. 

The coat-of-arms of the English family 
of Overton is: "A martlet on a chapeau." 
Motto: Suatnter in modo, fortiter in re 



2328 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(Gentle in manner, brave in action). The 
first Isaac Overton, born in England, 
married Hannah Elton, and with her 
settled at Southold, Long Island. Their 
son, Isaac (2) Overton, born in 1658, died 
at Southold in 1688. John Elton be- 
queathed his property at Southold, Long 
Island, to Isaac Overton, son of Isaac and 
Hannah (Elton) Overton. Isaac (2) 
Overton had by his w^ife Sarah a son 
Isaac (3) Overton, born at Southold in 
1683, died there November 4. 1723. He 
married Abigail Moore, and had a son, 
John Overton, who died September 5, 
1779; he married, January i, 1733, Jemi- 
ma Hulse, who died October 25, 1783. 
Their son. Major Isaac (4) Overton, born 
1735, died at Southold, September 22, 
1786; he married, September 9, 1760, 
Phoebe Burnet, who died June 19, 1783. 
This Isaac Overton served in Colonel 
William Floyd's and Colonel Josiah Over- 
ton's "minute-men" from Southold. He 
was major in the Third Regiment under 
Colonel William Floyd, of St. George's 
Manor. Isaac Burnet Overton, son of 
Major Isaac (4) Overton, was born De- 
cember 26, 1772, died at Libertyville, 
New Jersey, in 1857. He married Sarah 
Witter, and they had a son, Henry Over- 
ton, born April 3, 1807, died at Wilkes- 
Rarre, Pennsylvania, March 2, 1875. He 
married, July 22, 1829, Sarah Jane Wood, 
born in 1812, died at Wilkes-Barre in 
1880. Henry Overton moved from Sus- 
sex county. New Jersey, to Dallas or 
Kingston township, Luzerne county, 
Pennsylvania, in 1835, thence to Wilkes- 
Barre. He was a private in the One Hun- 
dred and Forty-eighth Regiment New 
York State Militia at Minisink, Orange 
county, in 1832. He was elected captain 
of the Mountaineer Light Infantry, at- 
tached to the Lagrange Volunteer Bat- 
talion of the militia of Pennsylvania 
attached to the Second Brigade of the 



Eighth Division. His commission, dated 
May 6, 1844, is signed by Governor David 
R. Porter. 

Sarah Jane (Wood) Overton, wife of 
Henry Overton, was a daughter of Timo- 
thy (4) Wood, born 1763, died near Gos- 
hen, New York, in 1835. His farm lands 
originally included the present site of 
Goshen. He married, in 1786, Sarah Can- 
field. He was a great-grandson of Timo- 
thy (i) Wood, grandson of Timothy (2) 
Wood, and son of Timothy (3) Wood, 
who was born in 1740, and served in the 
Revolutionary army, a private in Colonel 
John Hathorn's regiment. Timothy 
Wood, the patriot, married Pietra Nella 
Van Dyck about 1761-2. Timothy, Jr., 
son of Timothy, the patriot, and Pietra 
Nella, although but thirteen at the time 
of the Revolution, served his country by 
performing many duties entrusted to him. 

The Canfields came to England with 
William the Conqueror in 1066. The 
American ancestor, Matthew Canfield, 
born in England, died in June, 1673, and 
is buried at Newark, New Jersey. He 
was one of the first to own property in 
New Haven, Connecticut, where he is on 
record as early as 1639. He and his 
brother, Thomas, signed the oath of fi- 
delity in 1644, and in 1652 moved to Nor- 
walk. He held many positions of honor 
and trust ; was a member of the General 
Court, 1654-1666; magistrate, surrogate, 
collector of customs, inspector of troopers, 
and was one of the petitioners for and a 
singer of the charter granted by Charles 
the Second to the colony of Connecticut. 
Later he moved to Newark, New Jersey, 
and became one of the founders of the 
Oranges, adjoining Newark. Matthew 
Canfield married, before 1643, Sarah 
Treat, daughter of Richard Treat, and 
sister of Governor Treat, who engaged 
Andros in conversation when the lights 
were extinguished and the Royal Charter 



2329 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



hidden in the famous Oak Tree. Mr. 
Richard Treat, her father, baptized 
August 28, 1584, in Pitsminster Church, 
was a man of high social standing and in- 
fluence. Married, in England, 1615, Alice, 
daughter of Hugh Gaylord. First men- 
tion of Richard Treat in Connecticut is as 
a juror in 1643. ^^ 1644 he was chosen 
deputy, and annually elected for fourteen 
years up to 1657-8; was elected magis- 
trate or assistant eight times, etc. ; and 
held many other offices of trust. In 1662, 
when Charles II granted the colony a 
charter, he was named in that document 
as one of the patentees. He was also in 
1663 and 1664 a member of Governor 
Winthrop's council. He was an exten- 
sive landowner. (From Weatherfield, 
Conn. Ancient History.) 

Their son, Samuel Canfield, baptized at 
New Haven, October 19, 1645, '^^^'^ ^^ 
Norwalk, Connecticut, in October, 1690. 
He married Elizabeth Willoughby, 
daughter of Deputy Governor Francis 
Willoughby, of Massachusetts and Con- 
necticut, who entered so zealously intO' 
the affairs of the colonies. He was 
deputy, 1 642- 1 646- 1649; assistant, 1650- 
1651-1664; deputy governor, 1665-71. He 
died April 3, 1671. Their son, Jedediah 
Canfield, born August, 1681, at Norwalk, 
Connecticut, died at Bedford, New York, 
in 1770. He married and had a son, Jede- 
diah (2) Canfield, born about 1721, at 
Norwalk, died after 1805, at Minisink, 
New York. Jedediah (2) married, about 
1756, Rose Ketchum, born September 5, 
1736. Their daughter, Sarah Canfield, 
married, in 1786, Timothy (4) Wood, born 
July 31, 1740, died near Binghamton, 
New York. Their daughter, Sarah Jane 
Wood, married Henry Overton, and their 
daughter, Miranda Lee Overton, married 
Nathan Beach Crary. Mrs Crary was a 
member of Wyoming Valley Chapter, 
Daughters of the American Revolution. 



DERR, Andrew Fine, 

Financier, Man of Affairs. 

From his German ancestors driven from 
the Palatinate for their Protestant re- 
ligious convictions, and from his Ameri- 
can forefathers, Andrew Fine Derr in- 
herited a deeply religious nature. To 
this was added careful Christian training, 
and the benefits of a broad classical edu- 
cation under inspiring teachers. These 
advantages enabled him to take large 
views of life and its problems, and gave 
point and strength to his efforts when he 
threw himself into the service of God 
and humanity. 

In Wilkes-Barre his influence was 
strong religiously, socially and in busi- 
ness. As directing head of the Miners' 
Bank' for many years, his singularly clear 
judgment and perfect mastery of details 
rendered him an ideal executive and able 
financier. These qualities also made his 
advice valuable both on public questions 
and for matters private and confidential. 
Perhaps his concentration and devotion 
to his large interests made him conspicu- 
ous as a business man before all else. 
Yet he had also an unusual instinct for 
the things that elevate, delight and give 
color to life. He was fond of the arts, a 
connoisseur of books, and possessor of 
a library collected with discrimination 
over a period of years, representing the 
best in literature, scientific, historical, 
biographical, and fiction. He was always 
a reader, absorbed the world's best 
thought both past and present, and was 
interested in the great problems which 
concern the individual, the community 
and the nations. It is such men who 
have given lustre to the citizenship of the 
Wyoming Valley. They represent de- 
votion to ideals, worthy standards of liv- 
ing, and by their influence have added a 
tremendous force to the vitality of a 
wholesome public opinion. 



2330 




.^4..^../^^^^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



The Derrs (Dorr) were among the 
thirty thousand German Protestants ex- 
pelled from the Palatinates in the early- 
part of the eighteenth century. One of 
this number, Heinrich Dorr, left Ger- 
many in 1742, as did his son, John Hein- 
rich Dorr. After coming to America, 
John Heinrich Derr (as the name was 
anglicized) married Hannah Moelich, a 
granddaughter of Johannes Moelich, of 
Bernsdorf, on the Rhine, Germany, who 
married Maria Cathrina, daughter of 
the burgomaster, Gottfried Kirburger. 
Johannes Moelich came to America, land- 
ing at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, with 
his family. May 29, 1735. A few years 
later he bought a large tract of land in 
Warren county, New Jersey, abutting on 
the Delaware river. He built and operated 
the first tannery in that section, and later 
sold it and moved to Bedminster, Somer- 
set county, New Jersey, where he erected 
a substantial stone homestead. He also 
built there a mill and a tannery, both be- 
ing operated by his descendants for over 
one hundred years. He was a prominent 
member of the Lutheran church, sturdy 
in his integrity and unyielding in his con- 
victions. He had ten children, one of his 
sons, Andrew Moelich, serving as captain 
of the First Sussex (New Jersey) Regi- 
ment in 1776, and throughout the war of 
the Revolution. 

John and Hannah (Moelich) Derr had 
a son, Jacob, who was a soldier of the 
Revolution, serving under General An- 
thony Wayne. Michael Derr, son of 
Jacob, the Revolutionary soldier, served 
in the War of 1812, and with his family 
of ten children lived in Bucks county, 
Pennsylvania, where he died. John Derr, 
eldest son of Michael Derr, married 
Hannah Fine, who bore him five children, 
all bom in Bucks county, except Andrew 
Fine Derr, the youngest child. Hannah 
(Fine) Derr died near Kline's Grove, 
PA— Voivii-7 2331 



Northumberland county, Pennsylvania, at 
the Derr farm, on the Sunbury road, April 
2, 1864; her husband, John Derr, died 
twenty-four days later in Selinsgrove, 
Pennsylvania, at the residence of his 
daughter, Mary Catherine, wife of John 
P. Richter, she the only daughter of her 
parents. 

Andrew Fine Derr was born at the 
Derr farm near Kline's Grove, Northum- 
berland county, Pennsylvania, May 29, 
1853, and died at his home in Wilkes- 
Barre, Pennsylvania, November 19, 1915. 
He lived with his parents on the farm, 
and attended public schools until April, 
1864. Both his parents died in that 
month, and from his thirteenth until his 
twentieth year he lived with his sister, 
Mary Catherine, whose husband, John 
P. Richter, was his legally appointed 
guardian. After public school courses, 
he entered the Missionary Institute at 
Selinsgrove, Snyder county, Pennsylva- 
nia (now Susquehanna University), there 
prepared for college, and in the fall of 
1871 entered Lafayette College, taking 
the classical course. He was graduated 
Bachelor of Arts, class of 1875, then re- 
turned for a post-graduate course, special- 
izing in German, French and English 
literature, under Professor Bloombergh. 
He continued post-graduate study one 
year, then bade farewell to college halls. 

In the fall of 1876 he began the study 
of law in the ofiice of George W. Biddle, 
at that time one of the foremost lawyers 
at the Philadelphia bar. He was admitted 
to the Philadelphia bar in 1878, and later 
in the year to the Luzerne county bar. 
He began practice in Wilkes-Barre, and 
until his death, thirty-seven years later, 
was a member of that bar. 

In the fall of 1882, his brother, Thomp- 
son Derr, head of the insurance firm, 
Thompson Derr & Brother, of Wilkes- 
Barre, was in such a precarious state of 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



health that he asked his brother, Andrew 
F., to enter the firm and to assist him in his 
other concerns. As he became interested 
in the insurance business, Andrew Derr 
gradually withdrew from the practice of 
law and finally devoted himself entirely 
to various corporations in which he be- 
came interested as stockholder and official. 

The firm of Thompson Derr & Brother 
is widely known as one of the largest 
general insurance agencies in the 
country. It was founded by Thompson 
Derr in 1858, and has since that date 
represented in Pennsylvania the largest 
and best of foreign and domestic fire in- 
surance companies. As the elder brother, 
Thompson Derr, and the second brother, 
Henry H. Derr, passed away, the burden 
of management fell upon Andrew F. Derr. 
He became a director of the Miners' 
Savings Bank, later was elected vice- 
president, then was chosen president, and 
for many years was its able executive 
head. He was also a director and vice- 
president of the Anthracite Bank, and 
one of the active promoters of the plan 
which merged the Miners' and the An- 
thracite banks. Much of the credit for 
the creation of so potent a financial force 
has always been awarded Mr. Derr, who 
although connected with many promi- 
nent business propositions, gave his 
closest attention and greatest efforts to 
his insurance and his banking interests. 

He was a director of the .Sheldon Axle 
Company, serving on the executive com- 
mittee ; director of the Hanover Fire In- 
surance Company of New York City, and 
chairman of its finance committee ; di- 
rector of the Franklin Fire Insurance 
Company, and chairman of its executive 
committee ; trustee of the Wyoming 
Historical and Geological Society ; di- 
rector of the Osterhout Free Library ; 
president of the board of trustees of the 
Young Men's Christian Association : 



secretary and trustee of the Home for 
Friendless Children ; original member of 
the Westmoreland Club ; member of the 
University and the Lawyers clubs of 
New York City, the Presbyterian Histori- 
cal Society of Philadelphia, the Archaeo- 
logical Institute of America, the Prince 
Society of Boston, the American Eco- 
nomic Society, the American Bar Associ- 
ation, the Historical Society of Pennsyl- 
vania, the Pennsylvania-German Society, 
Pennsylvania Chapter Sons of the Ameri- 
can Revolution, and New Jersey Chapter 
of the same; Society of the War of 1812; 
elder and trustee of Memorial Presbyterian 
Church of Wilkes-Barre. He was one of 
the small coterie that saw the great good 
of developing the Country Club idea, and, 
when such institutions were just starting 
in Pennsylvania, brought the Wyoming 
Country Club into being and selected its 
site on historic Inman's Hill. For a long 
time he served the club either as director 
or president. 

With the death of Andrew Derr, on 
November 19, 1915, in the sixty-third 
year of his age, Wilkes-Barre lost one of 
her most loyal and progressive citizens. 
In spite of ill-health which grew into en- 
forced invalidism during the last year of 
his life, Mr. Derr has been unsparing of 
himself in the service of others. His 
singularly clear judgment and shrewd 
mastery of detail, made his advice valu- 
able both for public affairs and for 
matters personal and confidential. He 
had a heart at leisure for the joys and for 
the sorrows of others, and a personal 
rectitude and simplicity that was unques- 
tioned. His Christianity was of the sort 
that made for sincerity and purity and 
justice towards others, and for a gener- 
ous and faithful adherence to duty. He 
could be depended on to do more than he 
was asked, and to accomplish more than 
he promised. 

3?^ 



I 




^Cajic^-^1^^ (Q-0-^iM 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



As a friend he was as true as needle 
to pole, and though he judged men by 
rigid standards, he was capable of the 
kindest judgments, of the largest sympa- 
thies and he had the grace of being able 
to put the best construction on human 
conduct. For a man of his intensely 
strong convictions, he alienated no friend 
but was respected the more because he 
was steadfast. 

Resolutions adopted by the Miners' 
Bank, of Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, on 
the death of Andrew F. Derr: 



Wilkes-Barre, Pa., November 20th, 1915. 

A special meeting of the Board was held this 
day at 2.00 p. m. for the purpose of taking ap- 
propriate action on the death of Mr. Andrew F. 
Derr. 

On motion, duly seconded, the following reso- 
lution offered by Mr. A. H. McClintock was 
unanimously adopted and ordered placed upon 
the records of the bank: 

The Directors of the Bank have heard with 
deep sorrow of the death, last evening, of the 
vice-president, Andrew Fine Derr, who, for a 
long period was a director, and from April 23, 

1913, until his resignation on September 29, 

1914, made necessary because of his failing 
health, the president of this Institution. 

During all the years of his connection with this 
Bank, and with both of the banks from which 
this one was formed, he gave his earnest, con- 
scientious, and mos.t efficient attention to their 
best interests. 

His extensive business experience, critical 
acumen, sound judgment, and clear understand- 
ing of our needs, made his talents of especial 
value here. 

But above and beyond his business ability and 
skill, Mr. Derr stood for the higher things of 
this life. He was always alert and active for 
the moral and religious advancement of our 
community, and his heart and purse were ever 
open to the appeals of charity and suiTering. 

With these many and varied gifts of mind 
and character, he was crowned with a charm 
and grace of manner that came from his pure 
life and from the education and refinement that 
years of study and cultivation had given him, 
which rounded and completed his personality, 
and marked him as a true man among his fel- 
low men. 



Resolved, That we tender to his bereaved 
family our heartfelt and truest sympathy, and 
that we attend the funeral in a body. 

Mr. Derr married, June 23, 1896, in 
Philadelphia, Harriet Lowrie, daughter 
of Reverend Samuel T. and Elizabeth 
(Dickson) Lowrie. They had four chil- 
dren : Elizabeth Lowrie, Katherine, 
Thompson, and Andrew Fine Derr, Jr. 



CORSS, Frederic, 

Physician, Author. 



For nearly half a century Dr. Corss 
went in and out of the homes of Kingston 
as a healer and as a friend, bidden to the 
birth, the christening, the bridal feast, 
and to the last sad rites. As a physician 
he ranked with the most eminent ; as a 
friend his throne the hearts of young and 
old alike ; while as a man and as a citizen 
his record shone brightly. He won all 
hearts, and was the warm personal friend 
as well as the trusted medical adviser 
who brought back health whenever possi- 
ble, but brought hope and comfort always. 
His contributions to the literature of the 
Wyoming Valley brought him reputation 
as a learned, graceful, accurate and always 
interesting writer; while his long years 
of practice and his service to the cause of 
medicine were invaluable. In citizenship, 
friendship and neighborliness, he lived up 
to the fullest requirement of even the 
spiritual law, for every one was literally 
his "neighbor," every just civic cause was 
his cause. 

Dr. Corss sprang from a long line of 
American ancestors, the first of whom 
was James Corse, a settler of Deerfield, 
Massachusetts. He married, in 1690, Eliz- 
abeth Catlin, who was captured by the 
French and Indians in the sack of Deer- 
field in 1704, and later murdered while on 
the march to Canada. She was the daugh- 
ter of John Catlin, head of one of the 

2333 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



original thirty families of Branford, Con- 
necticut, that settled Newark, New Jer- 
sey, in 1666. The line of descent to Dr. 
Corss was through James (2) Corse, son 
of the founder, who was a noted hunter 
and scout, a soldier in the French and 
Indian wars, 1743 to 1763, and who on 
May I, 1775, then aged eighty-one years, 
enlisted as a minute-man at Greenfield, 
raised a company, and fought at Bunker 
Hill. He married Thankful Munn. Asher, 
son of James (2) Corse, the patriot soldier, 
changed his name to Corss, and so it has 
remained in this branch. He married 
(first) Submit Chapin, descendant of 
Deacon Samuel Chapin, the Puritan. 
Asher Corss was a soldier of the French 
and Indian War, and the owner of a large 
farm on the west bank of the Connecticut 
river. His son, Asher (2) Corss, married 
Lucy Grinnell, and they were the parents 
of Rev. Charles Chapin Corss, father of 
Dr. Frederic Corss. 

Rev. Charles Chapin Corss was a de- 
voted minister of the Presbyterian church, 
his work for humanity covering a period 
of sixty years. He was a graduate of Am- 
herst College, Bachelor of Arts, 1830, and 
studied theology at Princeton. He was 
ordained by the Susquehanna Presbytery, 
August 27, 1836, and until his death in 
1895 was active in pastoral work. He 
married (first) September i, 1836, Ann 
Hoyt, who died August 9, 185 1, aged 
thirty-four years, leaving five children. 

Frederic, third child and second son of 
Reverend Charles Chapin and Ann (Hoyt) 
Corss, was bom January 16, 1842, died 
April I, 1908. He was prepared for col- 
lege at Susquehanna Collegiate Institute, 
Towanda (a school that largely owed its 
establishment to his father), and Wyo- 
ming Seminary, Kingston, then entered 
Lafayette College, whence he was gradu- 
ated A. B., class of '62, receiving his 
Master's degree in 1865. Deciding upon 



the profession of medicine, he entered the 
Medical Department of the University of 
Pennsylvania, graduating M. D., in 1866. 
He began practice at Kingston, March 17, 
1866, and for nearly half a century prac- 
ticed his healing art. gaining skill and 
fame as a practitioner, love and gratitude 
as a friend, and true honor as a man and 
citizen. He loved the Wyoming Valley, 
and in the intervals of professional toil 
delved deep into her geological secrets, 
preserving the results of his explorations 
and study in printed form. His contribu- 
tions to the literature of the Valley, read 
before the Wyoming Historical and Geo- 
logical Society, and later published, were 
weighty and exceedingly valuable. They 
include : "Drift Mounds of the Susque- 
hanna River", "Fossils in the River Drift 
at Pittston, Pennsylvania", "Buried Val- 
ley and Pot Holes in the Wyoming Valley 
Coal Fields", "Buried Valley of Wyo- 
ming", and "Glacial Rock of Shawnee 
Mountain". 

Dr. Corss was a member of the Luzerne 
County Medical Society, Lehigh Valley 
Medical Association (president, 1903- 
1904), Pennsylvania Medical Society, and 
the American Medical Association, his 
standing among his professional brethren 
being the highest. His Revolutionary an- 
cestry admitted him to Pennsylvania So- 
ciety, Sons of the Revolution, his per- 
sonal character to the Masonic order; his 
college life to the fraternity Phi Beta 
Gamma ; while his religious preference 
was for the Presbyterian church, of which 
he was a lifelong member. He was one 
of the active members of the Wyoming 
Historical and Geological Society, and 
supported with his influence all that wras 
good and for the elevation of his commu- 
nity and his fellows. 

Dr. Corss married, June 19, 1872, 
Martha Sarah Hoyt, bom October 14, 
1849, who survives him, daughter of John 



2334 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Dorrance and Martha (Goodwin) Hoyt, 
granddaughter of Ziba and Nancy Hoyt, 
and niece of Henry Martyn Hoyt, Gov- 
ernor of Pennsylvania. 



GAYLEY, WiUiam Creighton, M. D., 
Physician, Philanthropist. 

Rev. Dr. Samuel A. Gayley ministered 
to the souls and moral well-being of his 
congregation at Lock Haven, Clinton 
county, Pennsylvania, for a period of two 
years, then removed to West Notting- 
ham, Cecil county, Indiana, where he 
exerted a powerful irtfluence for good for 
three decades, after which he took up his 
residence in Wayne, near the city of 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where he 
lived a retired life for the remainder of 
his days, his death occurring at the age 
of eighty-two years, long past the allotted 
scriptural age of three score years and ten. 

His son, Dr. William C. Gayley, also 
ministered to the bodies and physical 
well-being of the people at Hazelton, 
Pennsylvania, for about thirty years, and 
both found their greatest reward in the 
knowledge that they accomplished great 
and lasting benefit to those they served. 
Rev. Samuel A. Gayley came to the State 
of Pennsylvania from the North of Ire- 
land, and became a graduate of Lafayette 
College, Easton, Pennsylvania, and of 
Princeton Theological Seminary, Prince- 
ton, New Jersey. After taking holy 
orders as an ordained clergyman of the 
Presbyterian church, he was settled as 
pastor of the church at Lock Haven, 
Pennsylvania, as above noted. He mar- 
ried Agnes Malcolm. 

Their son. Dr. William Creighton Gay- 
ley, was born at West Nottingham, Cecil 
county, Maryland, November 13, 1857, 
died at Hazelton, Pennsylvania, August 
16, 1913. His public school education was 
supplemented by a full course in advanced 



study at West Nottingham Academy, his 
course terminating with graduation. He 
decided upon the medical profession as 
his life's activity, entered the medical de- 
partment of the University of Pennsylva- 
nia, whence he was graduated M. D., 1882, 
taking a scholarship, and president of 
the class. He began the practice of his 
profession at Jeddo, Pennsylvania, as as- 
sistant to Dr. George Wentz, continuing 
there for two years. He then located in 
general practice at Deringer and Tom- 
hicken, Pennsylvania, serving those towns 
for one year. He then selected Hazel- 
ton, Pennsylvania, as his permanent seat 
of practice and there his after life was 
passed, 1885-1913. 

Those were twenty-eight years of bless- 
ing both to the good doctor and those he 
served. He developed a wise professional 
skill and served a numerous clientele, 
who as the years passed were bound 
closer and closer to him in bonds of per- 
sonal friendship entirely aside from the 
high regard in which he was held as a 
physician. He gave unsparingly of him- 
self to alleviate human suffering, kept 
abreast of all modern medical thought, 
and in his own sphere led that thought. 
Hazelton is located eighteen hundred feet 
above sea level, and in that pure clear 
mountain atmosphere is located the 
Hazelton Tuberculosis Dispensary, the 
second to be established in the State of 
Pennsylvania. That it is located there 
is primarily due to Dr. Gayley, who was 
foremost in creating the sentiment that 
inspired its establishment, foremost in 
securing its erection. The Hazelton 
Fresh Air School is another of the 
modern institution Hazelton has to be 
proud of, which was established largely 
through Dr. Gayley's public spirited ac- 
tion. He gave much time to the "Fresh 
Air School," and was one of the physi- 
cians in charge until ill health caused him 



2335 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



to lay aside some of his burdens. His 
charitable work was a very heavy burden 
laid upon himself, for he refused his pro- 
fessional service to none, no matter how 
poor they might be, serving as faithfully 
as where he was sure of his fees. The 
amount of free professional service he 
rendered will never be known, for he was 
one who never let his left hand know 
what his right hand was doing; but, 
although there is no earthly record of his 
good deeds in that respect, there are hun- 
dreds of God's poor in whose hearts there 
is a quiet sacred corner in which the 
memory of the good doctor who be- 
friended them is preserved. 

He was one of the organizers of the 
Hazelton Medical Association, and ser\'ed 
a term as its president. He entertained 
the highest respect for his professional 
brothers, and in turn possessed their con- 
fidence, love and respect. He was kindly- 
hearted and social in disposition, and 
loved to mingle in friendly acquaintance 
with his fellow-men, joining with them in 
all the city's organizations to which he 
could give a portion of his valuable time. 
He valued this intercourse with men, for 
it broadened his own views and gave him 
opportunities for greater usefulness. He 
joined with them in founding the Hazel- 
ton Country Club, was its president until 
his death, and preached the gospel of out- 
of-doors recreation to members ; he was 
a member of the Board of Trade, the 
Hazelton Library Association, Masonic 
order, University Club of Philadelphia, 
Wilkes-Barre Country Club and the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. 
He was brought up under the teachings 
of his honored Presbyterian father, and 
was ever true in his allegiance to that 
church. He took no part in political con- 
troversies, but was keenly alive to his re- 
sponsibilities as a citizen, and none was 
more progressive or aggressive in their 



advocacy of all that would benefit, nor in 
their opposition to all that would retard 
progress. So a useful life was passed. He 
brought healing to the sick, hope to the 
discouraged and comfort to the poor. All 
men admired and loved him and freely 
aided him with funds when he would 
come to them with tales of suffering he 
could not personally relieve. 

Dr. Gayley married, November 1 8, 1886, 
Mary W. Leisenring, of an old and promi- 
nent Pennsylvania family, daughter of 
Walter and Mary (Price) Leisenring, of 
Upper Lehigh. Mrs Gayley survives her 
husband, a resident of Hazelton. They 
were the parents of the following chil- 
dren : Jeannette, and Samuel Alexander 
Gayley, both living ; and two deceased, 
Walter L. and Mary A. 



DICKSON, Allan H., 

Lawyer, Enterprising Citisem. 

Twenty-three years ago there passed 
from earth a man whose death created a 
profound sense of loss to the Wilkes- 
Barre community, and to whose memory 
the most fervent tributes were paid, Allan 
Hamilton Dickson, who during his life- 
time was one of the shining lights of the 
Luzerne county bar. From his profes- 
sional brethren, who knew him best, can 
the most correct estimate of the value of 
his life and services be obtained. His 
death was formally announced in court 
on January 24, 1893. Charles E. Rice, 
then President Judge, who was on the 
bench, immediately adjourned the court 
as a mark of respect to Mr. Dickson's 
memory. Immediately after the adjourn- 
ment of court the members of the bar as- 
sembled, being called to order by Alex- 
ander Farnham, the president of the as- 
sociation, who on taking the chair spoke 
most feelingly of the circumstances of Mr. 
Dickson's death and of his qualities as a 



2336 




<^^^/.ci^ /l/. .i^l_JSV«t^«^0^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



lawyer and a man. The whole meeting, 
thus opened, was a very remarkable one, 
for the attendance was large and all that 
was said gave evidence of the deep sorrow 
felt by all. Henry W. Palmer, late At- 
torney-General, offered the following 
resolutions : 

Resolved, That the intelligence of the sud- 
den death of Allan H. Dickson was so unex- 
pected and shocking as to cast a gloom of un- 
usual character over the members of this asso- 
ciation and the whole community. 

Resolved, That Mr. Dickson was a man of 
acknowledged ability, which was exhibited in 
his profession as a lawyer and in all his respon- 
sible business relations and in the public and 
private offices he held. He was possessed of 
fine literary and artistic taste; was strictly 
honorable in every post and station; of cour- 
ageous determination in the defense of what he 
adjudged right; was a progressive, enterprising 
member of society; and in every relation of life 
a good citizen. 

Resolved, That we grieve with exceeding 
great sorrow that his promising career is ended, 
and extend to his mourning family the assur- 
ance of our profound condolence. 

Resolved, That a committee be appointed to 
publish these resolutions and to communicate 
them to his family. 



It is impossible to give even a resume 
of the eulogies that were uttered. Some 
of the speakers, in addition to Mr. Farn- 
ham, were Mr. Palmer, George R. Bed- 
ford, Asa R. Brundage, William S. Mc- 
Lean, Thomas H. Atherton, E. G. Scott, 
Edmund G. Butler, Ex-Mayor F. M. 
Nichols, Judge Lyman H. Bennett, S. J. 
Strauss (later Judge), Judge D. L. 
Rhone, Judge Stanley Woodward, and 
John T. Lenahan. Mr. Dickson's sterling 
qualities as a man and his characteristic 
points as a lavvyer were presented from 
every point of view. The speakers gave 
evidence not only of their personal affec- 
tion for Mr. Dickson and their genuine 
sorrow in his death, but in their estimate 
of his qualities as a lawryer there was re- 

2337 



markably unanimity. As Judge Rhone 
remarked, "It is good for a man to de- 
serve the good opinion of his neighbors." 
The following excerpts suggest the tenor 
of the remarks that were made : 

Mr. Palmer: — -He hated shams and pretenders 
of high and low degree, whether at the bar, on 
the bench, or in politics or the pulpit, and had 
no hesitation in making his opinions known. 
He never "crooked the pregnant hinges of the 
knee, that thrift might follow fawning," or drew 
back from giving an honest opinion of men or 
measures when to avoid it would show want of 
courage. In the Independent revolt of 1882 he 
was active and outspoken, and has never abated 
a jot or tittle of his contempt for the machine 
made statesmen who sit in the high places of 
the state and nation. In truth he was a re- 
former in politics who looked forward with hope 
to a time when the control of parties and the 
possession of places of honor would be secured 
by men of the highest integrity, learning and 
ability, — to many an iridescent dream, but to 
him a high ideal toward which he looked and 
for which he labored. 

Mr. Bedford: — He was a man of broad cul- 
ture and fine literary attainments. His address 
on Alexander Hamilton and other addresses 
that he occasionally delivered gave evidence of 
most careful and discriminating historical re- 
search. As a citizen he was progressive and 
public-spirited. To him more than to any other 
is due the great stride in municipal improve- 
ments witnessed in this city. In all his conduct 
it can be said with absolute truth that he was 
always actuated by principle and never by policy. 
Dictates of policy, if they had been given 
weight, would in a number of instances have 
stood in the way of acts which redound to his 
greatest credit. Applause on the one hand or 
criticism on the other moved him not. Many 
who at the time dififered from him have come 
to see the justice and wisdom of his course; its 
honesty they did not question. There was in 
his life much that was heroic, and now that he 
is gone all will accord him sincerity of purpose 
and render tribute to his worth. In my judg- 
ment, his place in this community cannot be 
filled. The busy world moves on. Its trials and 
its triumphs will repeat themselves and other 
men will come and go, but so long as those re- 
main who came into touch with him, so long the 
memory of Allan Dickson can never die. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Mr. Brundage: — His daily life, in the court 
house and out of it, was pure and exemplary. 
His intercourse with the bar was characterized 
by singular urbanity and kindness. Always the 
gentleman of kindly impulses, he never compro- 
mised fidelity or duty, or swerved from coura- 
geous advocacy of his clients' cause. His pure 
public and private life has made an impression 
upon us and the community, and that impress is 
clean and clear cut. The world has been made 
better for his having lived in it. He had no 
patience with the shams of either professional 
or social life. His standard of private morals 
was high and he believed that human happiness 
can only come from a virtuous and well spent 
life. There was neither cant, bigotry, or hypoc- 
risy in his composition; he scorned them all. 

Mr. McLean: — His resolution, courage, schol- 
arly accomplishments, and intimacy with the 
best thoughts of the best authors, joined to a 
clear and logical mind, made him an able law- 
yer, one to be respected, and a foeman worthy 
of the steel of any of us. But more than all, his 
neighbors respected him, the community trusted 
him, and all who knew him believed him to be 
an honest man. Of Kings and Princes and the 
rulers of men nothing better can be said. 

Mr. Atherton: — With these rugged virtues 
Allan H. Dickson possessed a heart of infinite 
tenderness. His was an unusual combination 
of traits. Earnest, bold, aggressive; yet thought- 
ful and considerate toward others. Deeply ab- 
sorbed in all the questions of the time, a reader 
and student, yet a warm hearted, genial com- 
panion and friend. Loyal to his convictions and 
bold in defending them, yet tolerant toward the 
honest opponent. Learned, thoughtful, aggres- 
sive, yet kind and gentle. 

Mr. Scott: — The virtue of Allan Dickson's life 
was this: That he showed how much good a 
man can do by remaining faithful to first princi- 
ples, and how easily and lastingly good char- 
acter, steadfastness of purpose, and simplicity 
make the attainment of reputation. We can 
truly and reverentially pronounce upon him this 
judgment: For titer, Fideliter, Feliciter. 

Mr. Nichols: — Touched by these pleadings, 
the tender, loveful, and loving heart of Mr. 
Dickson always applied to the wounds of sor- 
row in others the sweetest cordials of human 
sympathy and kindness. Yes, with gentle words 
and cheering countenance he could give con- 



solation and hope to the grief-smitten souls of 
others, but when engulfed in the billows of his 
own great sorrow, death alone could furnish 
him a haven of rest. Dear friend, farewell. 
May the choicest blessings of heaven reward 
your kindness to your fellow men in this life 
and the immortal companionship of the spirits 
of your little children on the farther shore 
gratify the highest yearnings of your divine 
afTections. 

Mr. Bennett: — His noble qualities as a kind 
and affectionate husband, father, and citizen, 
have been manifested to some of us in his 
proffered sympathies on occasions of domestic 
affliction, the full import of which he, from 
personal experience, well understood. Those 
who have thus become best acquainted with the 
keen sensibilities and sympathies of our depart- 
ed brother will wonder less at the serious shock 
he himself received a few days ago in the death 
of his only son, and the fatal result to him which 
has called us together to-day. We, both as in- 
dividual citizens and as members of this bar, 
may well mourn his loss. 

Mr. Strauss: — When he began his work in 
this community of Wilkes-Barre, twenty years 
ago or thereabout, he was a stranger to all of 
us. It was a time when the spirit of progress 
was advancing in the city; the new blood that 
came from many quarters was making itself 
felt. By force of his sense of public duty he 
naturally enrolled himself with progressive men 
and from that day until the day of his death he 
remained a leader among them in this city. 
Whatever concerned the community concerned 
him; whatever concerned any man in the com- 
munity interested Mr. Dickson if it were right 
that he should be interested by it. He deemed 
nothing human foreign to himself. He was ever 
an earnest man, never a trifler; he was ever a 
genial man and a gentleman. 

Mr. Woodward: — -The death of such a man in 
the full ripeness of his career — immaturity 
passed, but no decay begun — is a great loss. 
The community in which he lived knows that 
he was an unselfish and diligent citizen, who 
was always at work for the public good when 
called upon to serve them in a representative 
capacity. His clients knew that he was a wise 
and prudent lawyer, learned and honorable, who 
could never tread in paths that were not straight 
and clean, and open. The bench and the bar 
knew him as an exemplary and distinguished 



2338 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



member of a noble profession, which needs such 
men to keep its standard high. And we all 
know and will remember him as a Christian 
gentleman, with whom we are glad to have been 
associated and whose character and influence 
have bettered the world in which he lived. 



Such earnest expressions of appreci- 
ation of a man, given by his closest col- 
leagues, leave little more to be said. 

Mr. Dickson's antecedents were Scotch, 
his ancestry tracing to David Dickson, 
born 1583, one of the regents of the Uni- 
versity of Glasgow. The Dicksons were 
one of the border clans, one of the 
mottoes being Fortes fortuna jiivat (For- 
tune favors the brave), another Cuho scd 
euro (I sleep but watch). The family was 
known as the "famous Dicksons," and are 
of frequent mention in Scotch records. 
The clan is descended from the Keiths, 
Earls Marshall, one of the most powerful 
families of Scotland when, with the ex- 
ception of the royal family, the title of 
Earl was the highest in the kingdom. 
The Keith family had so many posses- 
sions that it was at one time said that 
they could journey from the north to the 
south of Scotland and sleep every night 
in one of their own castles. 
, John Dickson, grandson of David Dick- 
son, the regent, was bom about 1673, 
married Jane Dodd, and settled in Ire- 
land, in County Down. His eldest son, 
James Dickson, had a son, Alexander, 
born in 1776, who married Sarah McKee, 
and by her had ten children. By a second 
wife, Margaret Harding, he had six chil- 
dren. In June, 1837, this Alexander Dick- 
son came to the United States, bringing 
his family and settling at Schagticoke, 
Rensselaer county. New York. In 1837 
he moved to Lansingburg, New York, 
and there died April 2, 1871, aged ninety- 
five years. Hugh Sheridan, seventh child 
of Alexander Dickson and his first wife, 
Sarah McKee, was born in 1813. He mar- 

2339 



ried Sarah Margaret Stoever, who bore 
him four children : Elizabeth, married 
Reverend Samuel T. Lowrie ; Ellen, mar- 
ried Colonel W. P. Wilson ; Frederick 
Stoever, author of "Dickson's Blackstone", 
"Dickson's Commentaries", "Dickson's 
Kent", and an analysis of "Kent's Com- 
mentaries" ; and Allan Hamilton. 

Allan Hamilton, son of Hugh Sheridan 
and Sarah Margaret (Stoever) Dickson, 
was born in Utica, New York, November 
14, 1851, died in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsyl- 
vania, January 21, 1893. He prepared for 
college at Wyer's Preparatory School in 
West Chester, Pennsylvania, and entered 
Yale University in 1868, but in the first 
half of his sophomore year was compelled 
to leave the university on account of poor 
health. After a season of travel in Mexico 
he returned home, and in 1871 reentered 
Yale, finishing his sophomore studies. He 
then went abroad, studied German at 
Heidelberg, and attended university lec- 
tures at Berlin. He also toured Switzer- 
land and Italy, returning to the United 
States and Wilkes-Barre in 1872. In Janu- 
ary, 1873, he began the study of law 
under the direction of Henry M. Hoyt, of 
the Luzerne county bar, having previ- 
ously registered as a law student with 
Wayne MacVeagh in West Chester. On 
September 14, 1874, he was admitted to 
the Luzerne county bar, and from that 
date was actively and prominently identi- 
fied with that bar. He was duly ad- 
mitted to the Superior and Supreme 
Courts of the State and to the Federal 
Courts of the district, conducting a large 
practice in all. He boldly attacked cor- 
ruption in public aflfairs, and became the 
open foe of the "powers that prey". He 
won enviable standing at the bar, and 
was held in high esteem not less for his 
great personal worth than for his ability 
as a lawyer and advocate. He was a 
member of the bar associations of the 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



district, and of various social, philan- 
thropic and political organizations. No 
man had warmer, truer friends, and no 
man ever more truly benefited the com- 
munity in which he lived. 

Mr. Dickson married, November 12, 
1874, Kate Swetland Pettibone, born Sep- 
tember 27, 185 1, daughter of Payne (2) 
and Caroline M. (Swetland) Pettibone, 
her father a leading banker, business man, 
railroad official, and churchman. Mrs. 
Dickson is a descendant of John Petti- 
bone, of French ancestry, who came from 
England in 1650 and who settled at 
Windsor, Connecticut. The Wyoming 
Valley settler was Noah Pettibone, bom 
April 16, 1714, who settled in the valley 
in 1769. He married, in 1745, Huldah 
Williams. His son, Oliver, was in Forty 
Fort at the time of the massacre, left the 
valley soon afterward, but returned in 
1788 and bought land adjoining his 
father's. He married, in Dutchess county, 
New York, Martha, daughter of Dr. Bar- 
nabas Payne, who bore him thirteen chil- 
dren, eleven of whom married and reared 
families. His son, Payne (i) Pettibone, 
married Sarah, daughter of Joseph and 
Mary (Lee) Tuttle, of the Morris county. 
New Jersey, Tuttle family. Payne (2) 
Pettibone, son of Payne (i) and Sarah 
(Tuttle) Pettibone, was born December 
23, 1813, died March 21, 1888. He be- 
came one of the leading business men of 
the Wyoming Valley, and was one of the 
foremost laymen of the Methodist Epis- 
copal church. He married, October 3, 
1837, Caroline M., daughter of William 
Swetland, banker of Pittston and exten- 
sive land owner and coal operator. He 
was a son of Belding and Sally (Gay) 
Swetland, and a grandson of Luke Swet- 
land, a Revolutionary soldier, and the 
first of the Swetlands to settle in the 
Wyoming Valley. 

Children of Allan Hamilton and Kate 



Swetland (Pettibone) Dickson: Caro 
Pettibone, died in childhood ; Dorothy 
Ellen, married Major Frank Darte ; Hugh 
Sheridan, died in childhood. Mrs. Dick- 
son survives her husband, a resident of 
Wilkes-Barre, a lady of culture and 
fortune. 



MINER, Charles A. and Sidney R., 
Men of Affairs, Fnlilic Benefactors. 



When in 1858 the Wyoming Historical 
and Geological Society was formed for 
the purpose of preserving historical data, 
sites, and records, Charles Abbott Miner 
was one of the charter members. During 
the forty-five years of his life member- 
ship he filled the offices of vice-president, 
president, and trustee, his interest and 
services materially promoting the wel- 
fare and usefulness of the Society. In 
1892 his son, Sidney Roby Miner, was 
elected a member of the Society and two 
years later was elected recording secre- 
tary, an office he held until his death 
twenty years later. Through legacies 
left by them, father and son are enrolled 
upon the list of benefactors, and both, 
through their pens, left valuable contri- 
butions to the literature of the Wyoming 
Valley. 

This interest in the preservation of his- 
tory by her two noble sons was not the 
only or greatest benefit the Wyoming 
Valley received from them. Their lives 
were lives of usefulness and honor, the 
father a merchant, miller and public offi- 
cial ; the son a lawyer, orator and writer. 
Both were eminent in their spheres, both 
were men of sterling character and worth, 
and both are lovingly remembered. 

The Miner ancestry is traced from 
early New England settlers, among whom 
stand preeminent Thomas Miner (1630), 
a captain in King Philip's War ; John 
Ross, of Ipswich, Massachusetts (1635); 
2340 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and George Abbott, of Andover, Massa- 
chusetts (1635). In England the family 
has been traced to the thirteenth century, 
to Henry Miner, who died in 1359, a rec- 
ord of whose services to his king, his 
coat-of-arms, etc., is preserved in family 
archives. In the tenth generation of the 
family in England, Thomas Miner, in 
1630, cam,e to America, landing at Salem, 
Massachusetts. Five American genera- 
tions — Thomas, the founder; his son, 
Clement (i) ; his son. Clement (2) ; his 
son, Hugh ; and his son. Ensign Seth 
Miner, resided in New England, the sons 
of Ensign Seth being the pioneers of this 
branch in the Wyoming Valley. Ensign 
Seth Miner, born in New London, Con- 
necticut, 1742, died January 15, 1822, and 
is buried in the old graveyard at Doyles- 
town, Pennsylvania. He was a member 
of the Susquehanna Land Company, and 
as such had a claim to land in Pennsyl- 
vania so long in dispute between Penn- 
sylvania and Connecticut. His son 
Charles was deputized to go to the Wyo- 
ming Valley to look after his father's in- 
terests, and later he induced his brother 
Asher to join him. This Asher Miner 
was the grandfather of Charles A., and 
the great-grandfather of Sidney R. Miner. 
Asher Miner, born in Norwich, Con- 
necticut, March 3, 1778, was of the sixth 
generation of his family in America. He 
was a printer, and after coming to the 
Wyoming Valley worked at his trade on 
the newspapers of his day and founded 
the "Luzerne County Federalist," issu- 
ing the first number January 5, 1801. He 
later sold his interest in "The Federalist" 
to his brother Charles, and moved to 
Doylestown. There he founded and 
issued first, July 7, 1804, the "Pennsyl- 
vania Correspondent and Farmers Adver- 
tiser," later known as the "Bucks County 
Intelligencer." He succeeded in estab- 
lishing this enterprise upon a profitable 



basis, and for twenty-one years remained 
its proprietor and publisher. He was 
postmaster of Doylestown for several 
years, having the postoffice in his print- 
ing house, and also there engaged in 
merchandising. He resigned as post- 
master in 1821, sold his newspaper in 
1824, and moved to West Chester, Penn- 
sylvania, there joining his brother Charles 
in publishing the "Village Record." In 
1834 the brothers sold "The Record" and 
returned to Wilkes-Barre, where Asher 
Miner died March 14, 1841. He married. 
May 19, 1800, Mary Wright, who bore 
him thirteen children. 

Robert, the third child of Asher and 
Mary (Wright) Miner, was born at 
Doylestown, Pennsylvania, August 17, 
1805, died December 10, 1842. He began 
working in the mill owned by his father 
at the age of fourteen years, and for a 
number of years taught school in Plains 
township. After his marriage he again 
took charge of the mill owned by his 
father at Wrightsville (Miner's Mills), 
operated it until it was destroyed by fire 
in 1826, and then rebuilt it. In 1833 he 
bought the "Wyoming Herald ;" in 1837 
merged it with the "Wyoming Repub- 
lican," then being published at Kingston, 
but, in 1836 entered the employ of the 
newly created Hazleton Coal Company 
as clerk. Later he became secretary of 
the company, also acting as treasurer, 
and in 1840 he engaged in the mining and 
shipping of coal as a member of the firm 
of Pardee, Miner & Company. He mar- 
ried Eliza, daughter of Stephen and Abi- 
gail (Searle) Abbott, who bore him three 
children. 

Charles Abbott Miner, eldest son of 
Robert and Eliza (Abbott) Miner, was 
born in Plains township, Luzerne county, 
Pennsylvania, August 30, 1830, died in 
Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, and was 
there buried July 27, 1903. After com- 



2341 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



pleting an academic education at Wilkes- 
Barre and West Chester he entered the 
business with which his father and grand- 
father had been connected, and in turn 
passed it to his son, Asher. All his 
active business life was devoted to the 
milling business, and until his retirement 
he operated the mill at Miner's Mills, 
built by his father on the site of the old 
mill built by Thomas Wright, owned by 
his grandfather, where flour was made in 
1795. He was the first president of the 
Pennsylvania State Millers' Association, 
and one of the leading men of the milling 
industry. In 1890 he prepared and read 
a most interesting, valuable paper before 
the Wyoming Historical and Geological 
Society, entitled "The Early Grist Mills 
of Wyoming Valley, Pennsylvania." 

While his milling interests were of 
paramount importance, Mr. Miner was 
closely identified with many Wilkes- 
Barre activities of note. For twenty-five 
years he was a director of the Wyoming 
National Bank, ranking as vice-president 
at the time of his death, and for fifteen 
years he was president of the Coalville 
(Ashley) Street Railway Company. He 
was president of the board of directors 
of theWilkes-Barre City Hospital from its 
organization, was at one time president of 
the Luzerne County Agricultural Society, 
and president of the board of trustees of 
Wilkes-Barre Academy (later the Harry 
Hillman Academy), an institution in 
which he had deep concern, as he had in 
all educational matters. For many years 
he furnished the Miner Prizes for decla- 
mation at the Academy, and was ever 
zealous in securing better educational ad- 
vantages for young men and women. Mr. 
Miner was a veteran of the Civil War, 
enlisting in Company K, Thirtieth Regi- 
ment Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, 
and was honorably discharged, ranking 
as sergeant, July 26, 1863. He was a Re- 



publican in politics, serving his party as 
representative from Wilkes-Barre in the 
Pennsylvania Legislature from 1875 until 
1880. His dignified and able service in 
the House was endorsed by his district, 
and in 1881 he was the nom.inee of his 
party for State Senator, but was defeated 
at the polls by his Democratic opponent, 
Eckley B. Coxe. In 1877 he had served 
by appointment as a member of the Sec- 
ond Geologic Survey of Pennsylvania. 

Mr.Miner was a charter member of the 
Wyoming Historical and Geological So- 
ciety, organized in 1858, and for forty- 
five years was intimately in touch with 
the Society and its work. He was chosen 
president in 1881, was vice-president, 
1887-1890, and a trustee, 1887 to 1903. He 
was a life member of the Society and a 
benefactor, using his means and his 
talents to aid the Society in its purposes. 
A man's contemporaries are the best 
judges of the value of his life to the com- 
munity, and the following extract from 
the "Wilkes-Barre Leader," published on 
the day of his funeral, July 2j, 1903, faith- 
fully reflects the sentiments of his city : 

All that was mortal of Hon. Charles A. Miner 
was this afternoon consigned to its last resting 
place. In the death of Mr. Miner Wilkes- 
Barre has indeed sustained a severe loss. A 
public-spirited, philanthropic citizen, he was 
ever ready to help in advancing the welfare of 
the city and its inhabitants. His personal side 
was particularly lovable to all who knew him 
and his business integrity was a strong example 
to many of the younger business men of the 
community. The deeds of Mr. Miner will live 
in this city for many a long day. After all, 
they are the most lasting tributes to a citizen's 
memory. But it would not be amiss to erect 
in the public square or on the river common, or 
some such appropriate spot — the property of the 
people — a monument to Mr. Mmer's memory, 
something for boys and girls of coming genera- 
tions to look up to and to inspire in them the 
same noble traits and characteristics which 
made Charles A. Miner one of the best citizens 
V/ilkes-Barre ever had. 



2342 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Resolutions of similar purport were 
passed by the governing boards of the 
Wyoming National Bank, St. Stephen's 
Protestant Episcopal Church, Wilkes- 
Barre City Hospital, Conyngham Post 
No. 97, Grand Army of the Republic, and 
the State Millers' Association. The pri- 
vate outpouring of grief was manifested 
through hundreds of letters, coming from 
near and far, to members of the family. 

Mr. Miner married, January 19, 1853, 
Eliza Ross Atherton, born in Wyoming 
borough (now), March 10, 1831, daughter 
of Elisha and Caroline Ann (Ross) Ather- 
ton. Mrs. Miner is a descendant of James 
(i) Atherton, who settled in Wyoming 
in 1762, married Elizabeth Borden, and 
left a son, James (2) Atherton. James 
(2) married Lydia Washburn, who bore 
him thirteen children. One of these chil- 
dren, the sixth, Elisha, born in Wyoming, 
May 7, 1786, died April 2, 1853. He mar- 
ried, February 3, 1828, Caroline Ann, 
daughter of General William and Eliza- 
beth (Sterling) Ross, who were married 
October 10, 1790. Eliza Ross, daughter 
of Elisha and Caroline Ann (Ross) Ather- 
ton, married Charles Abbott Miner. Chil- 
dren : Elizabeth, born in 1853, died No- 
vember 22, 1902, a gentle. Christian lady, 
greatly beloved; Robert, died young; 
William Ross, died young; Asher, mar- 
ried Hetty M. Lonsdale, he is a leading 
business man, and prominent citizen ; 
Sidney Roby, of further mention ; Charles 
Howard, M. D., University of Pennsyl- 
vania, 1893, Bachelor of Arts, Princeton 
University, 1890, married Grace Lea Shoe- 
maker. 

Sidney Roby Miner, son of Charles Ab- 
bott and Eliza Ross (Atherton) Miner, 
was born in Wilkes-Barre, July 28, 1864, 
died there June 14, 1913. He prepared at 
Harry Hillman Academy, whence he was 
graduated, class of 1884, then entered 
Harvard University in the fall, graduat- 



ing Bachelor of Arts, class of 1888. 
Choosing the profession of law, he stud- 
ied in the University of Pennsylvania 
Law Department, 1889-1890, and on June 
16, 1890, was admitted to the Luzerne 
county bar. He at once began practice 
in Wilkes-Barre and so continued until 
his death. He was a director of the 
Miner-Hillard Milling Company until his 
death, but his tastes were literary and 
professional. 

Baptized January 3, 1869, and con- 
firmed March 30, 1890, in St. Stephen's 
Episcopal Church, by Right' Rev. Nelson 
S. Rulison, D. D., he became a member 
of the vestry in 1904, serving until his 
death, and for ten years he represented 
the parish in the conventions of the Dio- 
cese of Central Pennsylvania and the Dio- 
cese of Bethlehem, an earnest, devout 
churchman. 

His fraternal and club associations 
were numerous. He was a Master Ma- 
son of Land Mark Lodge, No. 442, Free 
and Accepted Masons ; a companion of 
Shekinah Chapter, No. 182, Royal Arch 
Masons ; a sir knight of Dieu le Veut 
Commandery, Knights Templar ; and a 
noble of Irem Temple, Ancient Arabic 
Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. His 
clubs were the Wyoming Valley Country, 
Westmoreland, North Mountain, and 
Harvard, of New York. He was also a 
member of the Pennsylvania Society, 
Sons of the Revolution, from 1893 until 
his death, holding membership through 
right of descent from Revolutionary an- 
cestors — Ensign Seth Miner, Sergeant 
William Searle, private James Atherton, 
private John Abbott, private Constant 
Searle, and private (later General) Wil- 
liam Ross. 

His connection with the Wyoming 
Historical and Geological Society began 
with his admission as a member in 1892, 
and continued without interruption until 



2343 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



his death. In 1894 he was elected record- 
ing secretary, and for nearly twenty years 
he held that office. He inherited the his- 
toric tastes and interests of his father, 
which led him at times to preserve for 
the Society the printed result of his re- 
search. His historical paper on Colonel 
Isaac Barre, published by the Society in 
Volume VI. of their Proceedings, is an 
exhaustive sketch of that distinguished 
officer and friend of the colonies. He 
also delivered an address before the Wyo- 
ming Commemorative Association (of 
which he was a member) on July 3, 1894, 
entitled "Who Was Queen Esther?" that 
was published by the Association. He 
was a life member of the Society, and 
after his death, having left a legacy of 
two thousand dollars to the Society, was 
placed on the list of benefactors. 

Mr. Miner married, June 25, 1909, 
Lydia Atherton Stites, daughter of Rev. 
Winfield Scott and Lydia (Atherton) 
Stites, of Wyoming, Pennsylvania, who 
survives him. 

The following beautiful tribute to Sid- 
ney R. Miner is from the pen of his friend 
and law partner. Colonel Franck C. Darte, 
and in it he most faithfully portrays the 
character of his dead friend : 

Mr. Miner belonged to the conservatively 
minded, generously endowed, high-thinking men 
of the community. Never physically vigorous 
in a comparative sense, he was rather inclined 
to the quieter ways and the more studious walks 
of life, though, as opportunity presented, both 
in his own way, and in his attitude otherwise, 
he showed a large sympathy with those diver- 
sions which in one guise or another bring peo- 
ple into the free communion with nature in her 
visible forms. He was one of the charter mem- 
bers of the North Mountain Club, and it had 
been among his chiefest delights for years to 
enjoy the winter or the summer rambles in this 
mountain region where giant old trees, dash- 
ing brooks, and deep mountain chasms refreshed 
the spirit of the visitor. 

Even before his college days, through his 
course at Harvard, and in after life, he has 



shown delight in the reading of solid books, and 
his mind was familiar with and exulted sym- 
pathetically in the great thoughts of great men. 

His friendships were wide in scope and they 
were rare in quality and this was very largely 
because he himself was a friend — constant, loyal 
and thoughtful. Many instances there are that 
it were possible to quote, that showed a keen 
sympathetic interest both in the joys and the 
sorrows of those he numbered as intimates and 
acquaintances. And this was always of comfort 
to those who had learned in many ways that his 
loyalty was a part of himself and always to be 
depended upon. He was one of those rare 
natures that added to friendships riches, and 
that never lost friends — for he had the enduring 
qualities that held them. This is not to say 
that he was without strong opinions. But he 
engaged in argument rather for the sake of the 
truth to be developed than for mere argument's 
sake, and he respected the views of others, even 
when holding fast his own. 

The high intellectual appeal, the appeal of 
duty, of conscience, of the development of the 
wholesome and the uplifting in individual and 
in community — these were some of the indices 
of his character. He was a valuable member of 
several social, fraternal, and charitable organiza- 
tions and though his enthusiasm was of the 
quieter sort as far as outward signs go, it was 
enduring and constant. He had much to do 
with organizing the Harvard men of this vicin- 
ity, and more generally, in varied interests, his 
services found recognition in the many official 
parts he was called upon to play. 

Moreover there was great wholesomeness and 
a fine fibre in his personal relations. He could 
be ranked as instinctively on the right, the 
high-minded side of a proposition, and this 
characteristic is perhaps growing a little more 
rare in an age when there are so many vagaries 
as to thought and action even among reasonable 
men. As indicated, he had come to large sym- 
pathy and to considerable participation in sev- 
eral of the important avenues of good in the 
community. 

To these high qualities, as a citizen and a 
man, Mr. Miner added an integrity and sym- 
metry of character in his profession that was 
universally recognized. The thing never seemed, 
in choosing between the worthy and the oppo- 
site, to be a matter of turning aside temptation. 
With such as he there never seemed to be any 
temptation. What seemed to him right had 
become as facile as second nature. 

In his death, which considering years and 



2344 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



averages, is untimely and marked with some 
particularly sad features, the whole community 
will recognize the loss of a cultivated, loyal, 
high-minded citizen, lawyer, churchman, and 
friend. He had many of the most excellent 
traits of a distinguished ancestry, and there will 
be widespread regret that he could not have 
been spared for many years of illuminating per- 
sonal example, and of valued services in the 
many places that had known and profited by 
his interest, activity and companionship. 



REYNOLDS, Benjamin, 

Financier, Man of Affairs. 

Benjamin Reynolds came from a fam- 
ily distinguished in the annals of the 
Wyoming Valley. His father, Judge Wil- 
liam Champion Reynolds, was one of the 
strong public and business men of his 
day, and the father of four sons — Colonel 
George Murray Reynolds, Charles Den- 
nison Reynolds, Sheldon Reynolds and 
Benjamin Reynolds — all leaders and men 
of prominence. 

Each generation of the family, from 
William Reynolds who came with his 
sons to the Valley in 1769, has furnished 
men of high standing and of value to 
their community. After peace came be- 
tween the warring factions and Penna- 
mite and Yankees began the work of re- 
building their devastated valley the Rey- 
nolds family at once became prominent 
in official and business life. 

W^illiam Reynolds, from whom spring 
the Wyoming Valley family, was born in 
Kingston, Rhode Island, fourth in de- 
scent from William Reynolds, of Eng- 
land, who in 1629 settled in Salem, Massa- 
chusetts, after a short reisidence in Ber- 
muda. In 1637 he joined Roger Williams 
in Rhode Island, and became one of the 
founders of that colony. He was suc- 
ceeded by his son James, a landowner 
and constable of Kingston, who in turn 
was succeeded by his son James, who 



married Mary Greene, daughter of James 
and Deliverance Potter Greene. 

James Reynolds and Mary Greene were 
the parents of William Reynolds, the pio- 
neer ancestor of the Wyoming Valley 
family. William Reynolds married Deb- 
orah, daughter of Benjamin and Humility 
Coggeshall Greene, through whom de- 
scent is traced to John Greene and John 
Coggeshall, first Governor of Rhode 
Island, famous as builders of the Rhode 
Island Colony. 

In 1769 William Reynolds moved to 
Pennsylvania, taking possession of lands 
allotted him under the Susquehanna 
Company, later acquiring much property 
by purchase. He resided in Plym.outh 
until the battle of W^yoming, in which he 
took part with his son William, whose 
name is enrolled on Franklin's list of 
those slain in the massacre. William 
Reynolds died at Plymouth in 1792, aged 
nearly one hundred. 

David, the second son of William and 
Deborah Greene Reynolds, was born in 
Rhode Island, June 17, 1734- He resided 
in Plymouth until obliged to flee from the 
Indians. He died at Plymouth, July 8, 
1816. David Reynolds married (second) 
in 1779, Mrs. Hannah Andrus Gaylord, 
widow of Charles Gaylord, a Revolution- 
ary soldier. 

Benjamin Reynolds, only child of David 
and Hannah Andrus Gaylord Reynolds, 
was born February 4, 1780, during the 
flight of his parents from Plymouth, and 
amid surroundings of the severest cold 
and storm. He was brought to Plymouth 
by his parents about 1785, and there re- 
sided until his death, February 22, 1854. 
He was engaged in mercantile business, 
served as sheriff by appointment, and for 
nearly fifty years held the ofifice of justice 
of the peace. He was a member of the 
Masonic order, and a warm supporter of 
school and church. He married Lydia 



2345 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Fuller, second child of Joshua and Sybil 
Champion Fuller, of Mayflower descent, 
and through whom descent is also traced 
to Lieutenant Champion, of Connecticut. 
She died August 29, 1828. 

William Champion Reynolds, eldest 
child of Benjamin Reynolds and Lydia 
Fuller Reynolds, was born in Plymouth, 
Pennsylvania, December 9, 1801 ; died at 
his residence on South River street, 
Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, January 25, 
1869. Educated at private schools, he 
was prepared to enter Princeton College, 
ill health, however, compelling the aban- 
donment of this course. At an early age 
he became a business partner of Hender- 
son Gaylord, a connection existing until 
1835, when he engaged in business alone 
— mining and shipping coal. In 1836 and 
1837 he served in the Pennsylvania Legis- 
lature, and advocated those means of in- 
ternal State improvement that have been 
so beneficial. On March 15 he was ap- 
pointed one of the Associate Judges of 
Luzerne county. He became president of 
the Lackawanna & Bloomsburg Railroad 
Company, now a part of the Delaware, 
Lackawanna and Western railroad. He 
was director of the Wyoming National 
Bank, and one of the original members 
of the Wyoming Historical and Geolog- 
ical Society. Judge Reynolds married, 
June 19, 1832, Jane Holberton Smith, 
born at Plymouth, April 3, 1812, a daugh- 
ter of John and Frances Holberton Smith, 
of Revolutionary and Colonial descent. 
His father and his brother, Abiga, were 
the pioneer miners and shippers of an- 
thracite as early as 1808, when they 
shipped over two hundred tons from 
Plymouth to their factories in New York. 
John Smith was born in Derby, New 
Haven county, Connecticut, April 22, 
1781 ; died May 7, 1852. 

Benjamin Reynolds was born on 
Christmas Day, 1849, '" Kingston, Penn- 



sylvania, the youngest child of Hon. Wil- 
liam Champion Reynolds and Jane Hol- 
berton Smith Reynolds. He received his 
education in private schools at Wilkes- 
Barre, to which place he moved with his 
family in his thirteenth year. Soon after 
his graduation from Princeton University 
in 1872 he entered the Peoples' Bank for 
the purpose of a course in business, re- 
maining there for two years, after which 
he became cashier of the Anthracite 
Bank. Mr. Reynolds brought new ideas 
and fresh energy to the bank ; was instru- 
mental in interesting other capitalists and 
was such a wholesome addition to its 
strength that in iSgo he was elected presi- 
dent. Under his wise, conservative yet 
progressive management, the bank won- 
derfully increased in usefulness and stand- 
ing showing enormous gains in every de- 
partment, and becoming one of the strong 
financial institutions of the State. In 
1912 a merger was accomplished with the 
Miners' Savings Bank, the consolidating 
interests continuing as the Miners' Bank, 
with Mr. Reynolds as president and direc- 
tor until his death, April 4, 1913. 

He had other important business inter- 
ests, and served as a director of the Haz- 
ard Manufacturing Company ; the Wilkes- 
Barre & Wyoming Valley Traction Com- 
pany, and the Hanover Fire Insurance 
Company, of New York, etc. He was a 
member of the Wyoming Historical and 
Geological Society and of the Westmore- 
land Club. In political faith he was a 
Democrat and in religious belief a Pres- 
byterian. 

At a special meeting of the board of 
directors of the Miners' Bank of W'ilkes- 
Barre, held in the office of Conyngham & 
Company, in the bank building, April 7, 
1913, with Directors Derr, McClintock, 
Ryman, Harvey and Conyngham present, 
Vice-President Derr presiding, the fol- 
lowing resolutions prepared by the spe- 



2346 




^icaUrJ-n:^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



cial committee and presented by the 
chairman, Mr. McClintock, was adopted : 

The death of our beloved President, Benja- 
min Reynolds, in the midst of the formative 
period of our history, when we are changing 
from two modest institutions into a strong, 
virile bank with broadened powers and wider 
scope and influence, comes with crushing weight 
upon us. He, more than any other member of 
this Board, was filled with the potent possibili- 
ties for our successful future and to his master- 
ful personality we looked for the full and effec- 
tive fruition of our plans. We still realize the 
courage and force he showed in his fight against 
weakness and lassitude, when instead of suc- 
cumbing to his failing physical powers his brave 
front and ready hand veiled our eyes and caused 
us to overlook what the cost in effort must have 
been to him. By his long and diligent training 
in his chosen work he had been well qualified 
for his task. No training, however, could sup- 
ply his natural gifts of honesty, strict upright- 
ness, sound judgment, fearlessness, singleness 
of purpose and persistent in his ideas of right 
and justice and with all of them his cheerful 
sunny nature and great personal charm making 
a rare union of happy qualities as fine and true 
as they are unusual. It is with heartfelt sorrow 
that we pay our tribute to his memory and ex- 
press our deep sense of personal loss to our 
institution and we tender to his stricken family 
our tenderest and sincerest sympathy in their 
hour of grief and pain. 

Benjamin Reynolds married, Decem- 
ber 17, 1879, Grace Goodwin Fuller, 
daughter of Hon. Henry M. and Harriet 
Irwin Tharp Fuller, of Wayne county, 
Pennsylvania, who survives him, with 
one daughter, Edith Lindsley Reynolds. 

Henry M. Fuller was a son of Amzi 
Fuller, a prominent lawyer of Wayne 
county, Pennsylvania, until 1841, when 
he moved to Wilkes-Barre, and was ad- 
mitted to the Luzerne county bar, Janu- 
ary II, 1822. He was born in Kent, Con- 
necticut, October 19, 1793, and died Sep- 
tember 26, 1847 ; son of Captain Revile 
Fuller, fifth in descent of the Mayflower 
family of that name. Amzi Fuller mar- 
ried, February 10, 1818, Maria Mills, born 



April 7, 1799, died August 24, 1885, a 
daughter of Colonel Philo and Rhoda 
Goodwin Mills, of Kent, Connecticut. 
Henry M. Fuller, born at Bethany, 
Wayne county, June 3, 1820, died in Phil- 
adelphia, December 26, i860. He was 
graduated with highest honors from 
Princeton College, class of '38, at the age 
of eighteen years. He then pursued a 
course of legal study and was admitted 
to the Luzerne county bar January 3, 
1842. He had a distinguished public 
career, beginning in 1842, when as a 
Whig he was elected to the Pennsylvania 
Legislature. In 1849 he was the nomi- 
nee of the Whig party of the State for 
Canal Commissioner, and in 1850 was 
elected to Congress, and served in the 
thirty-second Congress. He was defeat- 
ed for reelection by Hendrick B. Wright, 
but in 1854 was elected to the Thirty- 
fourth Congress over this same opponent. 
In December, 1855, Henry M. Fuller was 
a candidate for Speaker of the House, 
put forward by the Whig and Know- 
Nothing party, he and Nathaniel P. 
Banks being the most prominent candi- 
dates. After two months of contest, dur- 
ing which one hundred and thirty-three 
ballots had been taken, Mr. Banks was 
declared elected. After the expiration of 
his congressional term in March, 1857, 
Mr. Fuller moved with his family to Phil- 
adelphia, and there resided until death. 
He was one of the most able men in the 
State, and won national reputation. 

Mr. Fuller married Harriet Irwin 
Tharp, who died at Wilkes-Barre, July 
18, 1890, daughter of Michael Rose and 
Jerusha Lindsley Tharp and the mother 
of two sons and five daughters. 



SMITH, Stephen D., 

Mnsical Composer. 

The life of Stephen Decatur Smith, de- 
voted for many years to business and to 



PA-Vol VII-8 



2347 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the advancement of art, came to a tragic 
ending when on the 19th of March, 1908, 
he passed away in the Jefferson Hospital 
as a result of injuries sustained on the 
evening of the i8th of February, when 
he was run over by a cab at Broad and 
Walnut streets, Philadelphia. He was 
then eighty-seven years of age. Of artis- 
tic nature and temperament, his life con- 
sisted of ennobling influence in its devo- 
tion to all that is refining and uplifting 
as opposed to the crude and coarse. For 
half a century he had been widely known 
as a composer of music, nor was his name 
an unfamiliar one in literary circles. 

Mr. Smith was born in Philadelphia, 
April 5, 1820, and came of a family long 
distinguished in art and literary circles. 
His father, Francis Gurney Smith, was a 
writer of note, and belongs to one of the 
old Philadelphia families, as did his wife, 
who bore the maiden name of Eliza 
Mackey. He was one of the founders of 
the Musical Fund Society, his father was 
a friend of Commodore S. Decatur, in 
whose honor his son was named. 

In the acquirement of his education, 
Stephen Decatur Smith attended the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, from which he 
was graduated as a civil engineer. His 
first work in a professional capacity was 
with the Southern Railroad Company, 
and on the completion of the building of 
its line he continued with the company as 
a draftsman for a short period. He after- 
ward became connected with the glass 
and iron business, and remained in active 
association with the latter for many years, 
or until his retirement in 1905, during 
which period keen discernment, capable 
management and wisely directed industry 
brought him substantial success. 

In other fields, Mr. Smith was even 
more widely known. His ability as a 
composer was recognized for half a cen- 
tury, and he was closely identified with 



musical interests in Philadelphia. He 
was regarded as an authority upon ques- 
tions relating to music and musicians, 
and was a constant patron of concert and 
opera and an enthusiastic worker in all 
branches of musical activity. His com- 
positions displayed rare ability and wide 
range. His name was deeply engraved 
on the lives of those who had done much 
for the promotion of culture and talent in 
this city. He was a stockholder and one 
of the original subscribers to the Acad- 
emy of Music, a guarantor of the Phila- 
delphia Musical Festival Association and 
one of the originators of the old Abt Sing- 
ing Society. His fame as a composer 
spread abroad, and he gained distinction 
especially by setting poems and ballads 
to music. This was to him merely a recre- 
ation and matter of interest, for he never 
wrote for profit. Whenever he read a 
poem that appealed particularly to him, 
he arranged music for it, and, if his 
friends liked the arrangement, it was 
theirs for asking. He composed in all 
over eighty songs, all of high artistic 
order. One of the best known of his com- 
positions was the arrangement of Kings- 
bury's famous old ballad of "The Three 
Fishers." He simply signed his initials 
to the music, but nevertheless the song 
brought him much fame, for soon after 
it was published it was being sung all 
over the country. Another of his com- 
positions and a great favorite in Masonic 
circles is his arrangement of George H. 
Boker's "Lay Him Low," a song that is 
always used in Masonic lodges of sorrow, 
and frequently at military funerals. He 
was a close personal friend of Mr. Boker 
and other distinguished men of the times. 
Song after song came from his pen, but 
for none of these did he receive or accept 
remuneration. His compositions included 
a long list of war songs, among which 
were Tennyson's "Bugle Song," and 



2348 



;^ 






-* . » " ■<> ^ *'**va^ 



c-c-oXcw- 



*^J^»Vvv\'Vv 




ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



"Home They Brought Her Hero Dead." 
He composed music for "Why, Soldiers, 
Why," the words of which were written 
by General Wolf before the battle of 
Quebec, also for "The Peace of the Val- 
ley is Fled." In his musical writings 
alone he bequeathed to the world at large 
something which has distinct value and 
will to the end of time. 

On the 25th of April, i860, Mr. Smith 
was married to Miss Elizabeth Mayland 
Cuthbert, a daughter of Samuel and 
Anna (Mayland) Cuthbert, of Philadel- 
phia. They became the parents of two 
sons : Stephen Decatur, who was born 
September 28, 1861, and died December 
17, 1909; and Percival, who was born 
July 5, 1864, and passed away February 
23, 1872. The elder son was very promi- 
nent socially and was well known in the 
literary world as a reviewer of books. At 
one time he was on the literary stafif of 
one of the country's best known maga- 
zines. He completed his literary educa- 
tion by graduation from the University 
of Pennsylvania with the class of 1884, 
and, like his distinguished father before 
him, he left an indelible impress upon 
literary circles. He married Florence 
Eustis, and to them were born two sons: 
S. Decatur Smith (3rd), died at the age 
of two years ; Percival C. Smith ; and a 
daughter, Florence Eustis, who died in 
infancy. 

Stephen Decatur Smith died of pneu- 
monia at his apartments in the Ritten- 
house, December 17, 1909. Only about a 
year and a half before, his father had 
passed away at the venerable age of 
eighty-seven years. The family is noted 
for longevity, Stephen D. Smith, Sr., and 
all of his brothers living to celebrate their 
golden wedding. Both father and son oc- 
cupied a prominent place among the men 
of intelligence whose interests reached out 
broadly into the thought realm and found 



pleasure in the solution of vital questions 
and problems as well as in the delicate 
imagery of the writer, musician and poet. 
Mrs. Stephen D. Smith, who died De- 
cember 27, 1913, was the grandmother of 
Percival C. Smith, whose father's and 
grandfather's steel plates accompany this 
sketch. As further evidence of family 
longevity, it may be noted that Mrs. Ste- 
phen D. Smith, wife of Stephen D. Smith, 
Sr., died at the age of eighty-one years, 
while her mother lived until ninety-three 
years of age. Mr. Percival C. Smith is also 
a literary man, and promises to uphold 
the family traditions. 



PARDEE, Ariovistus, 

Foander of Pardee Scientific Department. 

His ancestors settled in New Haven, 
Connecticut, and were mother and son 
refugees from France to England and 
thence to the New Haven Colony about 
1648. 

Ariovistus Pardee was of the seventh 
generation from George, the New Haven 
settler, and was born in the town of 
Chatham, Columbia county. New York, 
November ig, 1810, but his earliest recol- 
lections were of his father's farm in Ste- 
phentown, Rensselaer county. New York, 
a few miles north of New Lebanon 
Springs, where he led the usual life of a 
farmer's boy until his twentieth year. His 
education was limited to what he learned 
at his father's fireside and the ordinary 
district school, though fortunately he had 
for a time the advantage of an excellent 
teacher in the Rev. Moses Hunter, a 
Presbyterian clergyman, who to eke out 
a scanty salary taught a district school 
one or two winters. He was then fifteen 
years old, and this teaching about fin- 
ished his school education, though he was 
an industrious worker at his books in his 
leisure time at home. 



2349 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



In June, 1830, he made application 
through his friend, Edwin A. Douglas, 
for a situation under him, and Canvass 
White, Esq., the chief engineer of the 
Canal Company, in the engineer corps of 
the Delaware and Raritan Canal in New 
Jersey, with good hopes of success, as 
Mr. Douglas was a townsman and had 
known him from a child ; but he was met 
with the, to him, disheartening news, 
that the company had decided to em- 
ploy none but Jersey men in the sub- 
ordinate positions. A day or two after 
he received another letter saying that if 
he came on at once he could have the 
position of rodman. Receiving the letter 
on Saturday, he left home before daylight 
on the Monday morning following, join- 
ing Mr. Douglas and his corps on the 
preliminary survey a few miles above 
Trenton. With him he remained until 
the canal was finally located, when he 
was stationed at Princeton, with George 
Tyler Olmstead, who had charge of the 
middle division of the canal. There he 
remained until the fall of 1831, when he 
was sent as sub-assistant to Ashbel 
Welch, Esq., at Lambertville, on the Del- 
aware and Raritan canal, remaining there 
until May, 1833, when he was sent, still 
under Mr. White and Mr. Douglas, to 
Beaver Meadow, Pennsylvania, to make 
the survey and location of the Beaver 
Meadow railroad from the mines of that 
company to the Lehigh canal at Mauch 
Chunk. After several changes in the 
engineer corps the entire charge of the 
road was given to him, and in the fall of 
1836 it was finished and the shipment of 
coal commenced, when he resigned his 
position, and in the month of February, 
1837, he took up his quarters at Hazleton, 
under the Hazleton Railroad & Coal 
Company, having previously located a 
railroad from the Hazleton coal mines to 
the Beaver Meadow railroad at Weather- 



ly. He finished that road, and com- 
menced shipping coal in the spring of 
1838, continuing in the employ of the 
Hazleton Railroad and Coal Company as 
their superintendent until 1840, when he 
commenced business as a coal operator, 
which he continued to the time of his 
death, also engaging to a considerable 
extent in iron and lumber. 

He founded the Pardee Scientific De- 
partment at Lafayette College, giving in 
various sums and at various times ap- 
proximately $500,000. He died at Or- 
monde, Florida, March 26, 1892. 

Of his sons, the eldest, Ario Pardee, 
Jr., was graduated as a civil engineer 
from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 
and at the outbreak of the Civil War en- 
listed as captain of Company A, Twenty- 
eighth Regiment Pennsylvania Volun- 
teers, resigning at its close in 1865 as 
commander of a brigade in General Sher- 
man's army. He died in 1898. 

Calvin, the second son, graduated from 
Rensselaer Institute also, and enlisted at 
the outbreak of the Civil War, but was 
invalided home in 1862 with typhoid 
fever, and after many years engaged in 
coal mining, has now retired from active 
business. 

The third son, Israel Piatt, was gradu- 
ated from Lafayette College in 1874, and 
is now president of the Hazleton Na- 
tional Bank at Hazleton, Pennsylvania. 

Barton, the fourth son, is a retired lum- 
berman. 

The fifth son, Frank, graduated from 
Lafayette College in 1879, and is engaged 
in the coal mining business at Hazleton, 
Pennsylvania. 



SHOEMAKER, Levi I., M. D., 

Physician, Hospital Official. 

Far from the land of his birth and the 
scenes of the activities of his useful life, 
Dr. Shoemaker passed to the care of the 



2350 




<:^2/v^ ^, c:;^'^r^^Hf,-'--^-<-<;2>^t>-v^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Great Physician, but neither time nor 
distance can dim the memory of that 
kindly, courteous gentleman who was so 
dear to all who knew him. 

Dr. Shoemaker was the sixth child of 
Lazarus D. and Esther Waller (Wad- 
hams) Shoemaker, of Wilkes-Barre, 
grandson of Colonel Elijah Shoemaker, 
and great-grandson of Lieutenant Elijah 
Shoemaker, of Wyoming, lieutenant of 
the Twenty-fourth Regiment Connecticut 
Militia, who was murdered by Windecker 
in cold blood at the Wyoming Massacre, 
July 3, 1778, after the action was over. 
He was also a descendant of Colonel 
Nathan Denison, colonel of the Twenty- 
fourth Connecticut Regiment, who com- 
manded the left wing at Wyoming under 
Colonel Zebulon Butler on that fatal July 
3rd. Colonel Denison's daughter, Eliza- 
beth S., was the wife of Colonel Elijah 
Shoemaker to whom she was married in 
1800. Dr. Shoemaker also traced descent 
to Hendrick Jochem Schoonmaker, of the 
Dutch family of New York who came to 
New York in the military service of Hol- 
land in 1655. The line of descent is 
through the founder's son, Jochem Hen- 
drickse Schoonmaker, an original settler 
of Rochester, New York; his son, Benja- 
min Schoonmaker, an early settler in the 
province of Pennsylvania, and one of the 
pioneers of the Wyoming region ; his son, 
Lieutenant Elijah Shoemaker, the "Wyo- 
ming Martyr"; his son, Colonel Elijah 
Shoemaker, sheriif of Luzerne county 
and colonel of militia ; his son, Lazarus 
Denison Shoemaker, A. B., Yale, class of 
1840, member of Congress, and most con- 
spicuous in the financial and industrial 
development of the Wyoming Valley, a 
lawyer of hig'h repute, and a tireless 
worker for philanthropy, charity and the 
church. He married, October 10, 1848, 
Esther Waller Wadhams, daughter of 
Samuel and Clorinda Starr (Catlin) Wad- 
hams. 



Levi Ives Shoemaker was born at 
Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, September 
28, 1859, and died at Bad Nauheim, Ger- 
many, September 27, 1909. He prepared 
in private school in Wilkes-Barre, and 
Hopkin's Grammar School, New Haven, 
Connecticut, then entered Yale Univer- 
sity, whence he was graduated Bachelor 
of Arts, class of '82. Choosing medicine 
as his profession, he entered the Medical 
Department of the University of Penn- 
sylvania, receiving his degree of M.D., 
in the class of '86. He began the practice 
of his profession in Wilkes-Barre as 
junior resident-physician at the City Hos- 
pital, and during the following two years 
gained experience there and at the Penn- 
sylvania and University hospitals in 
Philadelphia. In May, 1888, he began 
private practice in Wilkes-Barre, but was 
ever connected with hospital work. From 
1890 until 1908 he was a member of the 
medical staff of the City Hospital, and 
from 1899 to 1909 consultant to the 
Mercy Hospital ; was physician to the 
Luzerne County Humane Society; and 
the Wilkes-Barre Home for Friendless 
Children ; and surgeon to the Pennsyl- 
vania and New Jersey Central railroads. 

From 1902 until 1909 he was a member 
of the board of trustees of the State 
Asylum at Danville; member of the Lu- 
zerne County Medical Society, 1888-1909, 
and its president in 1904 ; member of the 
Pennsylvania State Medical Society, 
American Medical Association, and the 
American Academy of Medicine. He 
joined the Wyoming Historical and Geo- 
logical Society in 1894, and in 1905 was 
elected its vice-president. His business 
relations were with the Second National 
Bank, which he served as a director from 
1895, and with the Spring Brook Water 
Company, of which he was a director 
from 1893 to 1896. 

Through his patriotic ancestry he 
gained membership in the Pennsylvania 

2351 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Society Sons of the Revolution. His fra- 
ternity was Delta Kappa Epsilon and 
Wolf's Head of Yale; his clubs, the 
Graduates of New Haven, the Westmore- 
land and Country of Wilkes-Barre. In 
religious preference he was a Presby- 
terian, in politics a Republican. 

Dr. Shoemaker ever retained a deep in- 
terest in Yale, and in his will devised a 
remainder interest in practically his en- 
tire estate, to the Medical Department of 
the University. In 1909 he went abroad 
and in Germany was fatally stricken. 
The following tributes to his memory 
voice the sentiment of all who knew him. 

Resolution adopted by Luzerne County 
Medical Society, on the death of Dr. Levi 
Ives Shoemaker, September 27, 1909: 

He became a member of this Society, Sep- 
tember sth, 1888, and served as president for 
the year 1904. He was a regular attendant at 
our meetings, always showed a great interest 
in the welfare of the Society, and was a fre- 
quent contributor to the library. He was also 
a member of the Medical Society of the State 
of Pennsylvania, the American Academy of 
Medicine, and the American Medical Associa- 
tion. He was noted for his devoted services 
to the poor of this Valley and was universally 
beloved by them. 

His winning smile and cheerful manner made 
him dear to all. He was honest in giving his 
opinion. Generous in impulse and a true gentle- 
man. His death came as a great shock to all 
his friends although his health had been im- 
paired for the past few years. 

We deeply mourn his death and extend our 
heartfelt sympathy to his wife and family. 

Resolutions adopted by the Second 
National Bank, of Wilkes-Barre, Penn- 
sylvania: 

Resolved. That the following resolution upon 
the death of Dr. Levi Ives Shoemaker be ap- 
proved and accepted: 

The directors of this bank record with deep 
sorrow the death of Dr. Levi Ives Shoemaker 
which occurred at Bad. Nauheim, Germany, 
September 27, 1909. 

Dr. Shoemaker and his father, before him 



were identified in a business way with the bank 
ever since its organization in 1863. 

He was elected as director in 1893 and served 
as such, continuously, until his death. His care- 
ful and conservative business judgment was 
always at the service of the institution, and in 
his unostentatious way he was always vigilant 
in caring for and guarding the trusts committed 
to him. 

Although of a retiring nature, he was kind 
and courteous to those with whom he came in 
contact, and made of them sincere friends who 
will greatly mourn his early taking off. 

Dr. Shoemaker married, November 27, 
1889, Cornelia Walker Scranton, who 
survives him. She is a daughter of Joseph 
Hand Scranton and his second wife, Cor- 
nelia Walker, a daughter of Judge Wil- 
liam Walker, of Lenox, Massachusetts. 
Mrs. Shoemaker descends from John 
Scranton, who came from Kent, England, 
to Guilford, Connecticut, in 1639, his de- 
scendants founding the city of Scranton, 
Pennsylvania. 

Dr. Shoemaker's life ended in its prime 
and at the very height of his usefulness. 
His professional ability was recognized 
as of the highest, and in the sterling qual- 
ity of his manhood there was no flaw. 
Short as was his life, it was filled with 
good deeds, worthy of emulation. 



SHOEMAKER, George, 

Man of Exalted Character. 

George Shoemaker, descendant of one 
of the original colonists of the Hudson 
River settlement, was born at Forty Fort, 
Pennsylvania, June 28, 1844. He was 
never extensively connected with the 
larger business enterprises of the Wyo- 
ming Valley, nor was he known to the 
community at large through commercial 
activities or political associations. He 
was regarded among a large circle of 
relatives and friends as one whose inter- 
ests were centered in his home, and in 
the chosen companionships of years, 



2352 




wm 



f 




ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



whose word was sacred, and whose up- 
rightness and characteristic courtesy, 
with their cognate qualities, had fused har- 
moniously into a nature both charming 
and altogether winning. His tastes were 
domestic and simple, his nature genial, 
and all combined to suggest in him a 
personality which his friends were fond 
of describing as "a gentleman of the old 
school." He was held dear among those 
who knew him best, and was thoroughly 
appreciated by all who understood his 
refined and cultivated traits. To these 
friends he, in turn, gave a full measure 
of loyalty and devotion. He was pre- 
pared in the liberal arts course for col- 
lege, but at this point he turned to the 
study of law, rather more, as it came 
about, for the extension of his own mental 
equipment, than with the intention of 
active practice. His law reading, how- 
ever, enabled him to intelligently and 
ably care for his own private interests, 
and the leisure he gained in escaping a 
business routine he devoted to^ the pur- 
suits congenial to his tastes. 

George Shoemaker was descended from 
Dutch ancestors. Hendrick Joachim 
Schoonmacher, the founder of the Amer- 
ican family, came to these shores from 
Amsterdam, Holland, in 1655, and as a 
representative of the Dutch East India 
Company. His descendants have gradu- 
ally extended over much of the United 
States, and many of this branch of the 
family, carrying the name in various 
altered forms, have been men of large 
accomplishment and of eminent position 
in all walks of life. 

Benjamin Schoonmacher, grandson of 
Joachim, came to the Wyoming Valley 
from the Hudson River district well be- 
, fore the Revolution. A great-grandson 
of Benjamin, Elijah Shoemaker, and 
great-grandfather of George Shoemaker 
of this writing, gave his life to his coun- 



try. Others of the family connection en- 
dured their share of the Colonial hard- 
ships and of the Revolutionary perils. 
Benjamin Schoonmacher, grandson of 
the American founder of the family, mar- 
ried Elizabeth Depuy, of Huguenot de- 
scent. The father of George Shoemaker, 
himself named George, was prominent 
among the earlier coterie of engineers 
who surveyed the rich lands of the Wyo- 
ming Valley, and who extended their 
operations into the mountains which 
were at that time, as they had long been, 
favorite haunts of Indian hunters. 

Early in the nineteenth century the old 
Shoemaker homestead was built at Forty 
Fort, at about the time that Thomas Jef- 
ferson was elected as third President of 
the United States. In this old home- 
stead there lived continuously five gen- 
erations of the family, and thus it became 
an historic landmark, as it remains at 
this writing (1916). It was here that 
George Shoemaker, whose career is traced 
in these pages, was born. The line of 
descent from Hendrick Joachim Schoon- 
macher was through Joachim (2) Hend- 
rick Schoonmacher, also of the Hudson 
river settlements ; his son Benjamin, 
founder of the family in the Wyoming 
Valley, and who married Elizabeth 
Depuy, the Huguenot ; his son. Lieuten- 
ant Elijah Shoemaker, born 1752, who as 
an officer of the Wyoming company at- 
tached to the Connecticut line dared the 
British and Indians at the battle of Wyo- 
ming against overwhelming odds, and 
who was killed in action that day, July 
3, 1778; his son Elijah (2) who like his 
father and grandfather lived at Forty 
Fort homestead and in turn passed it on 
to his son George, the civil engineer and 
prominent business man. 

George (2) Shoemaker, son of George 
and Rebecca W. (Jones) Shoemaker, was 
born in the old homestead as already 



2353 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



stated. He was educated at the Presby- 
terian Institute, Wyoming, Pennsylvania, 
and at Freehold (New Jersey) Academy. 
On completion of his college preparatory 
course he read law with his uncle, Laza- 
rus Denison Shoemaker, an eminent law- 
yer of Luzerne county, and was in due 
time admitted to the bar. He never fol- 
lowed active practice. At Forty Fort, 
surrounded by neighboring friends, and 
having a wide acquaintance among the 
prominent families of the valley, he spent 
his days, many of them in the quiet com- 
panionship of his beloved books, and in 
the benign influences of the culture he so 
naturally assimilated and so largely ac- 
quired. He gave many years to active 
interest in, and service as trustee and 
member, of the Kingston Presbyterian 
church. And though he was among the 
humblest of believers, and chary of ad- 
vancing personal religious experience, 
his character showed throughout the 
years the ennobling influences of his re- 
ligious principles. His home was among 
those that perpetuated the reputation of 
the historic Wyoming Valley for the 
genius of hospitality among its people. 

He had a reasonable pride in the asso- 
ciation of his family with the stressful 
periods of American history. In July, 
1900, he became a member of the Sons of 
the Revolution — an order formed to 
memorialize the deeds of honored sires, 
and to make potential in the latter days 
the heroism and sacrifice of the fathers. 
He gained admission to the Sons through 
two ancestral lines, being a grandson 
both of Lieutenant Elijah Shoemaker, 
mentioned above, and of Colonel Nathan 
Denison, born 1742, died 1809, of the 
Twenty-fourth Regiment Connecticut 
Militia, and commander of the left wing 
at the battle of Wyoming. It was Colo- 
nel Denison who, with the commander 
of the British and Indians, arranged the 



articles of capitulation of Forty Fort. 
These articles assured to the Americans 
a surrender with the honors of war, and 
protection for the women and children. 
But the agreement was ruthlessly trav- 
ersed, and the terrible massacre of the 
helpless after the surrender, darkens one 
of the most pitiful pages of American 
history. The sacrifice was not however 
in vain, for on hearing of the savage and 
atrocious cruelty, public opinion in Eng- 
land was arrayed against the ministry, 
and against a further prosecution of the 
war. 

Mr. Shoemaker married, October 10, 
1872, Anne Elizabeth, daughter of John 
Dorrance and Martha A. (Goodwin) 
Hoyt, of Kingston, the Hoyt forbears hav- 
ing been among the early settlers of the 
Wyoming Valley. He died suddenly in 
the Wilkes-Barre City Hospital, Febru- 
ary 3, 1910. 

So passed the life of one whom many 
recall as a friend of tried and true quality, 
and as a man of exalted character. The 
remembrance of him is woven through 
with gratitude for his many virtues, his 
uprightness, his loyalty to family and 
community associations, and for the im- 
mediate response that could ever be ex- 
pected of him to every obligation laid 
upon the man of heart and conscience. 
He used his ample means as a trust, and 
to contribute to the happiness of those 
about, rather than to centre the oppor- 
tunities thereof on mere selfish gratifica- 
tion. He rests in Forty Fort cemetery 
beside many of his kith and kin. and in 
an acre long associated with the departed 
of an ancient and honorable family. 



SHOEMAKER, Charles Jones, 

Estimable Citizen. 

The subject of this writing was the 
bearer of an historic name, a name that 
had its intimate association with the 



2354 




^-X^ y^-e.^^^i^"^!^ 



'c^r 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



earlier colonial life of this country, and 
that has been prominently known through 
the various stages of American history. 
Many of this descent have been active 
and useful men and women, generous 
sharers in religious, political, and social 
life, wherever they have fared. Charles 
J. Shoemaker represented in himself 
much of the personal quality of those who 
had learned their life's lesson in the 
school of strenuous endeavor. The Shoe- 
makers were among the earliest blazers 
of the trail, and tillers of the soil. They 
had no inconsiderable share in the wars 
of the Nation, and they have consistently 
assumed and have borne with dignity 
and in honor the burdens and responsi- 
bilities of the individual citizen. 

Charles Shoemaker (brother of George 
Shoemaker, whose biography and ances- 
try are elsewhere sketched in these 
pages) was descended from Hendrick 
Joachim Schoonmacher, who came from 
Holland to New Amsterdam (New York) 
in 1655, as representative of the East 
India company. His grandson Benjamin 
journeyed from the Hudson River settle- 
ments to Pennsylvania well before the 
Revolution. He married Elizabeth 
Depuy, of Huguenot descent. (For the 
ancestral chain see sketch of George 
Shoemaker). 

The original Shoemaker estate in the 
Wyoming Valley, Pennsylvania, included 
an entire square mile of fertile acres, ex- 
tending from the Susquehanna river on 
the east to the mountains on the west, 
and closely adjoining the venerated spot 
where the dread scenes of the Massacre 
of Wyoming were enacted July 3, 1778, 
and the night following. In fact the 
heroic band sallying forth from the old 
stockade at Forty Fort to meet the sav- 
age invaders traversed the Shoemaker 
lands. On this original estate five gener- 
ations of the family were born, down to 



and including both George and Charles 
J. Shoemaker, and a part of this area is 
still in possession of the Shoemaker heirs. 

This spot in the storied Wyoming Val- 
ley has naturally held its charm for the 
family descendants, inasmuch as Elijah 
Shoemaker, great-grandfather of Charles, 
was among the victims who fell in the 
earlier hours of the battle at Wyoming. 
And it was another ancestor. Colonel Na- 
than Denison, who in that battle — called 
massacre, because of the hideous cruelties 
visited upon the American captives — 
commanded the left wing of the out- 
numbered Americans. The original 
Denison lands adjoined the Shoemaker 
estate on the north. 

Elijah Shoemaker's son, also named 
Elijah, built the Shoemaker homestead, 
about 1810, on the estate, and bordering 
the old road called Wyoming avenue, at 
first a trail connecting the Susquehanna 
river settlements. The ancient house, 
practically unchanged as to exterior or 
interior, is still standing, in excellent pres- 
ervation (1916). 

Charles J. Shoemaker was born on the 
old estate December 5, 1847. He died 
September i, 1915. His father and 
mother were George Shoemaker, Sr., and 
Rebecca W. Shoemaker. 

He was prepared for Williams College, 
but was unable to follow out his desire 
of university training because of an affec- 
tion of the eyes which demanded particu- 
lar care as to their use. Yet he never 
ceased to be a student, and his knowl- 
edge of the world's literature and of men 
and things was continually translated 
into a vital force of culture which inured 
to his own serenity of mind, and made 
him always a notable personality in the 
association among people of acquirement 
and taste. His education was augmented 
also and to a certain extent moulded, by 
extensive and frequent travel in all parts 



2355 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of the world. A particular development 
of his observation was his appreciation 
and enjoyment of the best in pictorial art. 
In his later years, through the attention 
required in business concerns, he became 
a recognized authority on finance and 
investment, in which his well stored and 
wonderfully retentive memory served. 

Though his bent had always been man- 
ifested in following the world's exalted 
thought, and though his mental attain- 
ments were proverbial among his fellows 
and easily recognized by the casual ac- 
quaintance, his personality was impressed 
upon the community in attributes which 
are esteemed, in ultimate analysis of 
character, beyond mere mentality. He 
was in the best sense, without taste for 
controversy or the least suspicion of cant, 
a religious man. For many years of his 
life he was actively concerned in the in- 
terests of the First Presbyterian Church 
of Kingston. His bequests to charities 
and benevolences indicated a man in 
whom the impulse to good living and 
right thinking had proceeded from the 
depths of a wholesome altruism. 

Further than this, the graces of his 
character, the essential guilelessness of 
his mind, the personal value he gave to 
associations among men, endeared him 
to his friends and advanced him high in 
the estimate of the community. To a mind 
well stored he added the charm of a 
strong and ingratiating character — a 
character swayed by idealism, persuaded 
by the softening influences of religion and 
of humanity. Here was a type of man 
ever dependable, whose word was as 
strong as his signature, a man to whom 
truth was an instinct and honor a shib- 
boleth. Ever courteous and kindly, in- 
variably consistent and thoughtful, his 
name stood for qualities that the modern 
world is like to ascribe as among the ster- 
ling attributes of the fathers. The glory 



of American tradition was strong in him, 
and he was qualified, in the balance and 
blend of his traits, to convey to the 
younger generation the best of what has 
been taught and sought in the pioneer 
days of American struggle. Like his 
brother, George Shoemaker, he was a 
member of the Sons of the Revolution, 
and identified with many of the associa- 
tions that attract the man of social in- 
tinct and business sagacity. He held for 
many years a directorate in the Miners' 
Bank of Wilkes-Barre. 

He rests in old Forty Fort cemetery 
among those of his name, who, in their 
day, gave a large response to the call of 
duty and of responsibility. 



REYNOLDS, Abram H., 

Man. of Enterprise. 

The pioneer of the Reynolds family in 
Pennsylvania was William Reynolds, 
who was born near the close of the seven- 
teenth century in Kingstown, Rhode 
Island. He was fourth in descent from 
William Reynolds, who is presumed to 
have been originally from Gloucester- 
shire, England, and then of Bermuda, 
whence he immigrated about 1629 to 
Salem, in the Puritan colony of Massa- 
chusetts Bay. He was a member of the 
First Church of Salem, Massachusetts, 
under the ministry of its aged pastor, 
Samuel Skelton, and of his successor, 
Roger Williams, with whom he was asso- 
ciated in the early settlement of and 
founding of Providence Plantations. In 
1637 he was one of the signers of the 
"Compact," and in July, 1640, signed 
with thirty-eight others at Providence 
an agreement for a form of government, 
a royal charter being granted four years 
later for the incorporation of the Provi- 
dence Plantations. William Reynolds 
became prominent in the affairs of the 



2356 




/ L/^X^<u^L^(T^e^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



little colony, and owned considerable 
land within its borders. In 1646 he sold 
his Providence possessions and moved to 
Kingstown, Rhode Island, where a few 
years later he died. 

James (i) Reynolds, son of William 
Reynolds, the founder, and Deborah Rey- 
nolds, was born about 1625, and took a 
prominent part in boundary conflicts be- 
tween the adjoining colonies, and in May, 
1677, was carried off by a Connecticut 
party and for a time imprisoned at Hart- 
ford. He held several important public 
offices, and owned considerable land in 
Kingstown and East Greenwich. He died 
at Kingstown, Rhode Island, in 1702. 

James (2) Reynolds, son of James (i) 
and Deborah Reynolds, was born in 
Kingstown, Rhode Island, October 28, 
1650. He married, February 19, 1685, 
Mary Greene, daughter of James and De- 
liverance (Potter) Greene and grand- 
daughter of John and Joan (Tattersall) 
Greene, of Warwick, Rhode Island, the 
Potters, Greenes and Tattersalls, all dis- 
tinguished Rhode Island families. 

William Reynolds, of the fourth Amer- 
ican generation, son of James (2) and 
Mary (Greene) Reynolds, was born about 
169 — , at Kingstown, Rhode Island, died 
at Plymouth, Pennsylvania, in 1792. He 
was antedated in the Wyoming Valley a 
few months by his son Benjamin. He 
and his son David came in 1769. Under 
the distribution plan adopted by the Sus- 
quehanna Company, William Reynolds 
was assigned to Plymouth, and in the 
spring of 1772 he established his home 
within the limits of the present borough 
of Plymouth, Luzerne county, Pennsyl- 
vania. Later he acquired other lands in 
the same township by purchase, and at 
the time of his death possessed a large 
amount of real estate. In 1777, although 
of great age, he enrolled in the "Alarm 
List," Third Company, Twenty-fourth 



Regiment, Connecticut militia, and with 
his company took part in the battle of 
Wyoming, his youngest son, William 
Reynolds, Jr., being killed in the battle. 
When the retreat of the Americans be- 
gan, William Reynolds, Sr., escaped from 
the bloody field with a comrade, saw 
later service, then retired from the Val- 
ley until the Revolutionary War and the 
"Second Pennamite-Yankee War" were 
over. In 1785 he returned to his home in 
Plymouth. He married, September 18, 
1729, Deborah Greene, daughter of Ben- 
jamin and Humility (Coggeshall) Greene, 
of East Greenwich, Rhode Island. 

David Reynolds, third child of William 
and Deborah (Greene) Reynolds, was 
born in West Greenwich, Rhode Island, 
June 17, 1734, died at Plymouth, Penn- 
sylvania, July 8, 1816. He came to the 
Wyoming Valley in 1769, endured all the 
hardships of the Revolutionary and 
Pennamite Wars. He took part in de- 
fending the Valley against the British 
and Indians, and was one of the Connec- 
ticut settlers expelled from the Valley 
during the Pennamite War. His flight 
from Wyoming in the winter of 1780 was 
during a severe snow storm, and on the 
journey to safety his son Benjamin was 
born. He returned to Plymouth in 1785, 
and there resided until his death. 

He married (second) in 1779, Mrs. 
Hannah (Andrus) Gaylord, born in Con- 
necticut, widow of Charles Gaylord, of 
Plymouth, who died in 1777, while serv- 
ing in the Continental army. 

Benjamin Reynolds, only child of 
David and Hannah (Andrus) Reynolds, 
was born during the flight of his parents 
from the Wyoming Valley, February 4, 
1780, died at Plymouth, Pennsylvania, 
February 22, 1854. He was a leading 
general merchant of Plymouth for many 
years ; sheriff of Luzerne county, by ap- 
pointment of the Governor, 1832-1833; 



2357 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



justice of the peace for many years; and 
for half a century one of the substantial, 
representative men of Plymouth. He 
was an earnest promoter of those twin 
agencies of civilization, religion and edu- 
cation, doing much for both causes. He 
married (first) March 22, 1801, Lydia 
Fuller, born November 5, 1779, in Kent, 
Litchfield county, Connecticut, died in 
Plymouth, Pennsylvania, August 29, 
1828, daughter of Joshua and Sybil 
(Champion) Fuller, a descendant of the 
"Mayflower" Fullers. Her mother, Sybil 
Champion, was a descendant of Lieuten- 
ant Henry Champion, of England, who 
settled at Saybrook, Connecticut, as early 
as 1647, was one of the early settlers of 
Lyme, Connecticut, and a soldier of the 
French and Indian War. Benjamin and 
Lydia (Fuller) Reynolds had nine chil- 
dren: William Champion, Chauncey An- 
drus, Hannah, Clara, Elijah Wadhams, 
Joshua Fuller, George, Abram H. (whose 
career follows), and Emily Elizabeth. 

From this New England ancestry 
sprang Abram H. Reynolds, in whose 
veins coursed the blood of Puritan, pio- 
neer and patriot. He inherited the sturdy 
spirit of his sires, their inflexible will 
power, their courage and patriotism, 
their virtues of honesty, energy and up- 
rightness and their ability. 

Abram H. Reynolds, eighth child and 
sixth son of Benjamin and Lydia (Fuller) 
Reynolds, was born at Plymouth, Penn- 
sylvania, July 14, 1819, died at Kingston, 
Pennsylvania, December 4, 1890. He 
was prepared at Plymouth Academy for 
Dickinson College, where he was gradu- 
ated. He early became associated with 
his brothers in their business. He was a 
business man of the highest type, and 
was highly regarded by his associates, 
who trusted implicitly his judgment and 
confided safely in his honor. 

During President Buchanan's admin- 



istration, he was postmaster of Kings- 
ton, and for several years was secretary- 
treasurer of the old Lackawanna & 
Bloomsburg Railroad Company prior to 
its absorption into the Delaware, Lacka- 
wanna & Western system. He was con- 
nected with many of the enterprises of 
his day, and bore his full share in the 
upbuilding of a prosperous community. 
After his retirement from mercantile life 
he was for many years engaged in the 
coal business. He retained elasticity of 
step, his vision and hearing, erect bear- 
ing and unimpaired mental faculties until 
his last illness, giving little evidence of 
his seventy-one years. His moral char- 
acter was above reproach and his word 
was as his bond. He was for many years 
a true exponent of the Christian life, be- 
longing to the Presbyterian church of 
Kingston, serving a long period as trus- 
tee of the church and as its treasurer. 

Mr. Reynolds married, in 1862, Eliza- 
beth Shepard Hoyt, daughter of Ziba 
Hoyt, sister of John Dorrance Hoyt and 
Henry Martyn Hoyt, Governor of Penn- 
sylvania, 1879-1883, and a descendant of 
Simon Hoyt, who came from England to 
Salem, Massachusetts, in September, 
1628, and was one of the founders of 
Windsor, Connecticut, in 1636, and a dea- 
con of Rev. Thomas Hookers church, 
and also a descendant of Rev. Ard Hoyt, 
the missionary, who was ordained pastor 
of the Wilkes-Barre and Kingston church 
in 1806. 

Children of Abram H. and Elizabeth 
(Hoyt) Reynolds: Charles Hamilton, 
died August 22, 1901 ; Emily Fuller, died 
February 6, 1900, and John Herbert. 



HOYT, John Dorrance, 

TJaefal Citizen. 

Of the eighth American generation of 
this family founded in Massachusetts by 
Simon Hoyt in 1628; grandson of "Dea- 



2358 



^1^ 




rr'ryTyin^ ^/ 



M A T T H B 

Captain-General and 





repofing fpecial Tr 

dua, 1 DO bf Vi 

oiot and impow^s 

Jhargc, as their J 

£ice aod Truft} ex 

Arms, according t 

by the Laws of th 

commanding theoc 

fervc all fuch Otti 

either from me, 

hereby repofed ili 

CIFEN undt. 

the ^ Day 

By his Exc<*Ucncy*8 Comi 



i 




GRISWOLD, Esquire. 
lander in Chief in and over the State of 



)TiQ}Jj in America. 
leral^fTembljofthis State accepted tohs..,—. 



Gent. GREETING. 

T i / 



J 



k 



Confidence in your Fidelity, Courage and good Con- 
the Lavjrs of thif-Stateyine thereunto enabling, ap> 
.take the faid \//a/tf£ftft^ ^ into your Care and 
carefully and diligently to difcharge that Of- 
your inferior Officers and Soldiers in the \J(q of their 
ule& and Difcipline of War, ordained and cftablifhed 
keeping them ia good O^der and Government, and 
'you as thtitr^/f^ *'(***/ — and you are toob- 
Jpirtdions as from Time to Time you (hall receive, 
other your fupcridr Officer/ purfuant to the 1 ruft 

ndi and the Public Seal of this State, ati ir/t>.^> 
vuft^i — A, D, i78>^ V . 



•VM 



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o 



(h^itttM^ '^pt 



iic^^ 



Secretary. 








ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



con" Daniel Hoyt, the founder of the 
family in the Wyoming Valley of Penn- 
sylvania; son of Lieutenant Ziba Hoyt, 
an officer of the war of 1812, and brother 
of Henry Martyn Hoyt, Governor of 
Pennsylvania, John Dorrance Hoyt could 
claim all the prestige accruing from illus- 
trious family connection. To his paternal 
ancient and honorable ancestry he added 
a maternal line of equal strength, his 
mother, Nancy Hurlbut Hoyt, being a 
granddaughter of Christopher Hurlbut, a 
soldier of the Revolution, and of distin- 
guished family. 

But these were but the advantages of 
birth, John D. Hoyt possessing in himself 
the qualities of mind, body and soul that 
carried him true and brought him the 
high esteem of his fellow men, among 
whom his years, seventy-seven, were 
passed, and the approval of his own con- 
science. 

The American founder of the family, 
Simon Hoyt, came from England to 
Salem, Massachusetts, in September, 
1628, with Governor Endicott, and dur- 
ing his subsequent life was concerned in 
the founding and settlement of seven dif- 
ferent towns, including Charlestown, 
Massachusetts, and Windsor, Connecti- 
cut. There has been a strong religious 
strain in his descendants, and, if heredity 
can be trusted, its origin was in this 
sturdy pioneer ancestor who in 1636 is 
recorded as a deacon in Thomas Hook- 
er's church at Windsor. 

Five generations after Simon Hoyt, a 
direct descendant, Daniel Hoyt, was born 
in Danbury, Connecticut, on May 2, 1756. 
There he lived, and married Anne Gunn. 
In 1794 he came to the Wyoming Valley, 
settling at' Kingston, Luzerne county, 
where he died in 1824. The religious zeal 
of Simon Hoyt, the founder, shone forth 
in this pioneer of the sixth American 
generation, who served the first Presby- 



terian church organized in Kingston in 
1819, as deacon, and was known through- 
out the length and breadth of the Val- 
ley as "Deacon Hoyt." 

Ziba Hoyt, sixth child of Daniel Hoyt, 
the Penhsylvania founder of the family, 
was born at Danbury, Connecticut, Sep- 
tember 8, 1788, died at Kingston, Penn- 
sylvania, December 23, 1853. He was 
brought by his parents to Kingston in 
1794, and there spent his after life. He 
was a man of unusual abilities, a pros- 
perous farmer, well known throughout 
the Valley for his pure life and upright 
character. Like his father, he was a lead- 
ing member of the Kingston Presby- 
terian church, and for many years was a 
ruling elder. When the second war with 
Great Britain broke out, he was second 
lieutenant of the Wyoming Volunteers 
Matross Artillery Company, organized in 
Kingston township in April, 1810. With 
his company, numbering thirty-one men, 
he embarked on a raft, April 13, 1813, 
and by way of river and land arrived at 
Erie, Pennsylvania, May 5, following, 
the company then numbering ninety-five 
men. He saw active service, and in the 
battle of the Thames he commanded the 
Matross Artillery. After fifteen months' 
service the company was mustered out 
and sent home. Lieutenant Ziba Hoyt 
married, at Kingston, January 23, 181 5, 
Nancy Hurlbut, whose father, Christo- 
pher, was a soldier of the Revolution, and 
of an early Wyoming Valley family. 

John Dorrance Hoyt, son of Lieutenant 
Ziba and Nancy (Hurlbut) Hoyt, was 
born at Kingston, Pennsylvania, August 
13, 1819, died there June 16, 1896. His 
early life was spent on the home farm, 
his preparatory education obtained in the 
Kingston schools. Later he took a class- 
ical course at Lafayette College, then re- 
turned to Kingston, where his after life 
was spent in usefulness as a business 



2359 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



man and citizen. The quality of his man- 
hood and his citizenship cannot be more 
clearly nor deservedly described than the 
following tribute from the Rev. Ferdi- 
nand Von Frug, pastor of the Kingston 
Presbyterian church, of which Mr. Hoyt 
was a member and a ruling elder: 

He was a man of remarkable soundness, and 
perfection of character. He was modest and 
retiring in his disposition — not in any sense 
ostentatious or self-asserting and yet no man 
in the entire community exerted an influence 
more deciding or more healthful. It was sim- 
ply the result of his great and good character, 
which everybody knew to be genuine and true 
and which was felt in every circle in which he 
moved. Coupled with this, was a clear mind, 
sound judgment and an honest purpose to do 
right. He was with all and above all a Chris- 
tian, a firm believer in God and his word. No 
man was freer from human frailties than John 
D. Hoyt, no one in whose everyday life there 
was exhibited more of the nobleness of genuine 
manhood, plain, straightforward, honest and 
true. He was a model man and his life a bene- 
diction to those who knew him best. 

Although keenly alive to his responsi- 
bilities as a citizen and deeply interested 
in public affairs, Mr. Hoyt never sought 
political honors, and beyond exercising 
the franchise took little part in public 
affairs. His greater pleasure was to sym- 
pathize with and succor the unfortunate 
and the needy; and to advance the cause 
of the church of which he was a promi- 
nent member and liberal supporter nearly 
his entire life, the godly spirit of his an- 
cestors descending to him in a marked 
degree. 

Mr. Hoyt married (first) Martha A., 
daughter of Abram and Sarah (Myers) 
Goodwin. He married (second) Eliza- 
beth, a sister of his first wife. The first 
wife, Martha, bore him three children: 
Anne Elizabeth, married George Shoe- 
maker, of Forty Fort, Pennsylvania ; 
Abraham G. ; Martha, married Dr. Fred- 
eric Corss. Mr. Hoyt's second wife, Eliz- 



abeth, bore him six children : Augusta, 
Edward E., Henry M. (2nd), of Reno, 
Nevada, and three who died in infancy — 
John Dorrance, Jr., Mary C, and Frank. 



NESBITT, Abram, 

Man of I<arge Affairs, Philanthropist. 

On December 26, 1914, Abram Nesbitt, 
of Kingston, Pennsylvania, celebrated his 
eighty-third birthday. Length of years is 
honorable, but when a career of useful- 
ness and blessing to one's fellows attends 
the years, they become a veritable crown, 
and he who wears it is singled out as one 
upon whom honor is most worthily be- 
stowed. When one year old, Abram Nes- 
bitt was brought by his parents to 
Wilkes-Barre, where he was educated, 
perfected himself in a profession, engaged 
in many and varied business enterprises, 
aided in the organization of the Second 
National Bank, was its vice-president, 
1871-1877, and since the latter date has 
been its honored and capable president. 
Kingston has been his residence for sixty- 
six years, and since its incorporation as a 
borough in 1857 its schools, churches, 
municipal affairs, and business interests 
have been closely connected with the life 
of Abram Nesbitt. It would be hard to 
find an enterprise in Wilkes-Barre or 
Kingston, public or private, that has not 
benefited by his interest, while Nesbitt 
Hall, at Wyoming Seminary, and Nesbitt 
Hospital, at Kingston, are splendid evi- 
dences of his generous interest in his fel- 
low man. He is one of the progressive, 
energetic men of to-day, although the past 
history he has helped to create would re- 
quire a volume to chronicle. He is as 
closely in touch with things of to-day as 
the youngest business man of his city, 
and with this interest carries the wisdom 
and experienced judgment that the years 
alone can give. 

The Scotch name of the family was 



2360 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Nisbet, and was borne by five of the name 
who died a martyr's death on the scaffold 
for conscience's sake. The American 
founder was James Nisbet, who sailed 
from Leith, September 5, 1685, in the ship 
"Henry and Francis," landing at Perth 
Amboy, New Jersey, December 20, 1685. 
Later he moved to Woodbridge, and in 
1690 to Newark, where he married, and 
about 1720 died, leaving a son, Samuel. 
This Samuel wrote his name Nesbitt, and 
was a weaver by trade. He was born in 
Newark in 1697, married, in 1717, Abi- 
gail, daughter of Samuel and Mary 
(Ward) Harrison, and died in Newark, 
March 12, 1733. 

With James Nisbitt, born June 15, 
1718, died July 12, 1792, eldest son of 
Samuel and Abigail (Harrison) Nesbitt, 
the history of the family in the Wyorning 
Valley begins. He was a soldier of the 
colonial army during the French and In- 
dian wars, and lived in Connecticut and 
Orange county. New York, coming to the 
Wyoming Valley in 1769, one of the one 
hundred and ninety-six settlers enrolled 
at Wyoming, June 2, 1769, "to man their 
rights." He was active in the Pennamite 
wars, took active part in the Revolution, 
was one of the first justices of the peace 
under appointment by Connecticut, and 
one of the first judges of the Common 
Pleas under Pennsylvania authority, serv- 
ing in both offices until his death in Ply- 
mouth, July 2, 1792. He married, in 
Newark, in 1748, Phoebe Harrison, born 
in 1728, died February 17, 1802, his sec- 
ond cousin, daughter of Stephen Harri- 
son. Twelve children were born to them, 
Abram, the eighth, born while they were 
yet living in Fairfield county, Connec- 
ticut. 

Abram Nisbitt, son of James and Phoe- 
be (Harrison) Nisbitt, was born Septem- 
ber 12, 1763, and with his parents came to 
the Wyoming Valley in 1773. He was 
Tiardly more than fourteen years of age at 



the battle of Wyoming, yet with other 
boys and a few old men formed the garri- 
son of Shawnee Fort. He fled with his 
mother and others on the day of the 
battle and did not return to Wyoming 
until late in the year 1779. He enlisted 
in March, 1780, in Captain Franklin's 
company, Connecticut militia, and for a 
year was in the Continental service. 
When the "Second Pennamite War" be- 
gan he was one of the foremost of the 
younger men who sustained the Connec- 
ticut party, and suffered greatly. He 
died in Plymouth, January 2, 1847, i" his 
eighty-fourth year. He married, at Ply- 
mouth, May 25, 1787, Bethiah Wheeler, 
born January i, 1770, died in Plymouth, 
January 16, 1851, just past her eighty- 
first birthday. She was the daughter of 
David and Sarah (Banks) Wheeler, a 
descendant of the Wheeler and Banks 
families of Fairfield county, Connecticut, 
that later settled in Newark, New Jer- 
sey, where the old Wheeler mansion, 
begun in 1769, stood for many years at 
the corner of Market and Mulberry 
streets. With the children of Abram Nis- 
bitt the spelling of the name again be- 
came Nesbitt. 

James Nesbitt, son of Abram and Be- 
thiah (Wheeler) Nisbitt, was born in Ply- 
mouth, Pennsylvania, October 15, 1790, 
died in Wilkes-Barre, October 9, 1840. 
He was a man of unusual business ability 
and accumulated a large estate. He was 
a member of the first board of directors 
of the Wyoming Bank, of Wilkes-Barre, 
and from 1835 until 1840 was engaged in 
mercantile business in Wilkes-Barre, in 
partnership with Charles B. Drake, their 
place of business first on the east side of 
the square, later a frame building on 
West Market street. He also engaged in 
coal mining and farming operations. He 
was captain of the First Battalion, Second 
Regiment, Ninth Division, Pennsylvania 
Militia, tax collector in 1816, and assessor 



2361 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of Plymouth township in 1824, elected 
sheriff in 1832, on the anti-Masonic ticket, 
served three years, and in 1835 was 
elected to the State Legislature. Prior to 
his election as sheriff, Captain Nesbitt re- 
sided on his farm in Plymouth township, 
but after entering office he occupied a 
commodious home on East Market street, 
Wilkes-Barre, between Washington and 
Fell streets, and there resided until his 
death. He married, November 12, 1815, 
Mary Shupp, born June 2, 1791, died at 
the home of her son, Abram, in Kingston, 
December 3, 1864, daughter of Colonel 
Philip and Catherine (Everett) Shupp. 
Colonel Philip Shupp, of German parent- 
age, was born in Northampton county, 
Pennsylvania, and about 1806 moved to 
Luzerne county, where in 1808 he erected 
a grist mill on Shupp's creek, which for 
many years was the principal mill in Ply- 
mouth. In 1817 he made his son, Philip 
(2), a partner. He died in 1835. Chil- 
dren of Captain James Nesbitt: Mary 
Ann, born September 15, 1826, died May 
4, 1857, married, September 9, 1845, 
Samuel Hoyt, a descendant of Simon 
Hoyt, one of the founders of Windsor, 
Connecticut ; Abram, of further mention. 
From such sturdy, patriotic and capable 
ancestors sprang Abram Nesbitt, son of 
Captain James and Mary (Shupp) Nes- 
bitt. He was born at the Nesbitt home- 
stead in Plymouth township, Luzerne 
county, Thursday, December 29, 1831. 
When he was one year old his parents 
moved to Wilkes-Barre, and there at the 
East Market street home, erected by his 
father while sherii?, he spent his youth. 
He was educated at Deacon Dana's 
Academy and Wyoming Seminary, alter- 
nating his attendance until 1849, when he 
left school and began the study of survey- 
ing. He had moved with his mother to 
Kingston in 1849, and there he has since 
resided. Studying surveying with his 
brother-in-law, Samuel Hoyt, he was Mr. 



Hoyt's trusted assistant before he was 
twenty-one years of age, and he soon be- 
gan professional work independently, be- 
ing busily engaged until 1864. Then he 
retired to give his entire attention to his 
business interests, but for several years 
thereafter he was called upon as an expert 
to advise and to testify. 

In 1863 he formed the connection that 
has continued unbroken to the present. 
In that year he aided in organizing the 
Second National Bank of Wilkes-Barre, 
was chosen a member of the first board of 
directors, and from November, 1863, when 
the bank opened for business in the Ga- 
boon building on West Market street, he 
has through successive reelections been 
a member of the board. In January, 1871, 
he was elected vice-president, and in 
January, 1877, was elected president, 
thirty-eight years having now been spent 
as the executive head of this strong and 
highly rated financial institution. 

In 1884 he became interested in the 
organization of the Wyoming Valley Coal 
Company, and was elected a director, and 
later vice-president. In 1887 he became 
one of the largest stockholders and organ- 
izers of the Spring Brook Water Com- 
pany, was director and treasurer of the 
company until 1896, when the company 
merged with the Wilkes-Barre Water 
Company and the Crystal Spring Water 
Company, forming a new corporation, the 
Spring Brook Water Supply Company, 
with main offices in Scranton, Pennsyl- 
vania. Of this company Mr. Nesbitt has 
been a director since November, 1897. He 
has been president of the Gas Company 
of Luzerne county, a corporation formed 
in 1898 by the consolidation of the Con- 
sumers' Gas Company and the Wilkes- 
Barre Gas Company, with a charter cover- 
ing nearly every town and city in Lu- 
zerne county. He is also president of the 
Wilkes-Barre Electric Light Company, 
president of the Wilkes-Barre Theatre 



2362 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Company, owning "The Nesbitt," Wilkes- 
Barre's leading theatre, a director of the 
Lehigh Valley Railroad Company, treas- 
urer of the Wyoming Valley Cutlery 
Works, president of the People's Tele- 
phone Company, and intimately con- 
nected with the foremost industries of 
the Wyoming Valley, whatsoever their 
nature. 

All visitors to Wilkes-Barre remark 
upon the excellence of its system, of street 
railways, all arriving and departing from 
the "Square," serving all parts of the city 
and suburban territory promptly and 
efficiently. This system, noted as one of 
the best managed and operated in the 
United States, was inaugurated in 1909, 
when all the street railway lines in the 
city were consolidated as the Wilkes- 
Barre Railway Company. This consoli- 
dation was largely accomplished through 
the personal efforts of Mr. Nesbitt, who 
was chosen the first president of the com- 
pany, an office he yet holds. During the 
six years he had been head of the com- 
pany, almost the entire system has been 
rebuilt or extensive repairs made. The 
equipment has been greatly improved and 
vast extensions built that serve new terri- 
tory. In fact, he has given Wilkes-Barre 
an electric street car service that not only 
serves Wilkes-Barre residents, but con- 
nects the city by a quick, reliable medium 
with all suburban towns of note, a system 
unexcelled anywhere. 

From 1857, the date of Kingston's in- 
corporation as a borough, Mr. Nesbitt has 
been intimately identified with its official 
as well as its business life. He also 
served Luzerne county for over a quarter 
of a century as member of the board of 
directors of the Central Poor District, as 
treasurer and president, his work in that 
field showing in the well equipped, com- 
fortable and humanely conducted farms, 
homes, and retreats for the poor and un- 
fortunate of the district. 



Wyoming Seminary, where part of his 
school years were passed, has ever had 
in him a devoted, generous friend. He 
has served as trustee since 1883, and as 
vice-president of the board for several 
years. In 1892 he met the needs of the 
seminary in a most characteristic manner 
by an announcement that he would erect 
an additional building for the advanced 
purposes of the seminary. This building 
was dedicated at the semi-centennial an- 
niversary of the founding of the seminary 
during commencement week in June, 1894, 
and the name "Nesbitt Hall" officially be- 
stowed. His latest public gift is Nesbitt 
Hospital, given to Kingston, in 1913. So 
a long life has been spent, filled to the 
brim with useful effort and worthy ac- 
com.plishment. His qualities of mind and 
heart have impelled him to use his wealth 
wisely, and while, as one of the foremost 
men of the valley, he has been subjected 
to the public gaze for many, many years 
there is no smirch upon his honor, his 
name is a synonym for integrity and 
enterprise, and the universal respect of 
the community in which he resides is his. 
The personal traits that distinguish him 
are modesty, alertness of mind and body 
before the years retarded his movements, 
plainness of living and the cleanliness of 
his daily life, its freedom from strong lan- 
guage and total abstinence from drink or 
tobacco. He is the generous, steadfast 
helpful friend, gentle and affectionate in 
nature. In politics he is a Republican, 
in religious belief a Methodist, he serves 
Kingston Methodist Episcopal Church as 
trustee, and by liberal contributions from 
his means and business ability advances 
the prosperity of the church of his choice. 
He is a life member of the Wyoming His- 
torical and Geological Society. 

Abram Nesbitt married, in Kingston, 
September 2, 1862, Reverend R. Nelson, 
D. D., officiating, Sara Myers Goodwin, 
born in Kingston, September 30, 1832, 



PA— Vol VII— 10 



2363 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



died February 22, 1894, third and young- 
est daughter of Abram and Sarah (Myers) 
Goodwin, a descendant of Abraham Good- 
win, the first of the name in the Wyo- 
ming Valley. Abraham Goodwin mar- 
ried Catharine King in 1783 and in the 
spring of 1784 settled in Kingston town- 
ship, there residing until 1794, when he 
purchased a farm in Exeter township, 
near the Kingston line. He there died 
July 18, 1822; his wife died October 24, 
1814, and both are at rest in Forty Fort 
Cemetery. Their son, Abram (as he 
wrote his name) was a merchant and 
farmer of Kingston, later moving td 
Bradford county, where he was associate 
judge, 1841-44. He returned to Kings- 
ton and there died May 15, 1880, in his 
ninetieth year. He married, November 
12, 1812, Sarah Myers, born September 
25, 1792, died March 4, 1867, daughter of 
Philip and Martha (Bennet) Myers. 
Philip Myers, born in Germany in 1759, 
was brought to America in 1760 by his 
parents, who settled in Frederick, Mary- 
land. He served as a private in the Mary- 
land line, Continental Army, and fought 
at Germantown, as did his elder brother, 
Lawrence, an officer. Philip and Law- 
rence Myers settled in the Wyoming 
Valley, Philip in Kingston, where, July 
15, 1787, he married Martha Bennet, 
daughter of Thomas and Martha (Jack- 
son) Bennet, the Bennets a family that 
experienced much of the woe and suffer- 
ing forced upon the early Wyoming Val- 
ley settlers. 

Children of Abram and Sara Myers 
(Goodwin) Nesbitt: i. Walter J., died in 
infancy. 2. George Francis, born in 
Kingston, January 24, 1865, died Novem- 
ber 27, 1900. He was a graduate of Yale 
University, A. B., class of '87, and in 1890, 
after study under the eminent lawyers, 
E. P. and J. V. Darling, of Wilkes-Barre, 
was admitted to the Luzerne county bar, 
practicing until his death. He was 



director of the Second National Bank, 
director of the Spring Brook Water Sup- 
ply Company, and member of the West- 
moreland Club. He shared his father 
interest in the welfare of Wyoming Semi- 
nary and manifested that interest in a 
substantial way. He was one of seven 
friends of the seminary who presented to 
the institution the athletic field at the 
corner of Chestnut and Pringle streets, 
Kingston, that was formally opened May 
12, 1894. He also established two cash 
prizes to be awarded annually for the 
best and second best original orations 
delivered by students at the Washing- 
ton's Birthday public exercises. 3. Abram 
Francis, born November 18, 1866, edu- 
cated at Wyoming Seminary and for 
several years has been the strong right 
arm upon which his father has leaned in 
the conduct of his varied business in- 
terests. 4. Ralph, born January 9, 1869; 
died February 18, 1875. 5. Sara, married, 
March 28, 1875, Hugh Clayton Smith, a 
lawyer of Wilkes-Barre. 6. Frederick, 
born June 23, 1875, entered Lafayette 
College, class of '96, but in the middle of 
his senior year left college to become a 
partner in the Easton Foundry and Ma- 
chine Company, of which he is treasurer. 
He married, November 20, 1900, Margaret 
K. Lachenour. 



CARHART, Phineas MacMiller, 
Financier, Man of Sterling Character. 

Fifteen years have elapsed since the 
earthly career of Mr. Carhart ended, but 
his memory is green as the flowers that 
bloom perennially at his grave. Although 
born in a neighboring State, he finished 
his education in Kingston, Pennsylvania, 
and there spent the last thirty-five years 
of his life engaged in the banking busi- 
ness, rising through merit from the posi- 
tion of clerk in a private bank to that of 
cashier of one of the principal national 



2364 




^(fw^^^^^^-^^^^^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



banks of Wilkes-Barre. He was highly 
honored and esteemed in the business 
world by all with whom he came in con- 
tact. In church and in the Sunday school 
of Kingston Methodist Episcopal Church 
as trustee, class leader, teacher and super- 
intendent, his earnestness and devotion 
found full and free expression. He was 
an able business man, sterling in his in- 
tegrity, pure and upright in his private 
life, a loyal useful citizen, a Christian 
whose example led men to strive for 
better things. 

Mr. Carhart was of English descent, 
tracing his American ancestry to Anthony 
Carhart, of Cornwall, England, who was 
private secretary to Colonel Thomas Don- 
gan, Governor of New Amsterdam (New 
York), 1682-83. The line of descent 
from the founder was through his son, 
Thomas Carhart, his son Robert Carhart, 
his son, Cornelius Carhart, who was chap- 
lain of the Third Regiment, Hunterdon 
County, New Jersey, militia, in 1777, and 
major of the Second Regiment of Hunter- 
don county troops, commissioned April 
20, 1778. Major Carhart had a son, 
Robert, also a soldier of the Revolution 
serving with New Jersey troops from 
1775 to 1783 ; whose son, William P. Car- 
hart (born 1779, died 1863) had a son, 
Theodore Carhart, the father of Phineas 
M. Carhart. Theodore married Rachel 
Albright, and resided in Belvidere, New 
Jersey, where his son, Phineas M., was 
born. 

Phineas M. Carhart was born Septem- 
ber 21, 1842, died in Kingston, Pennsyl- 
vania, May 2, 1901. He obtained his 
early training in the public schools, com- 
pleting his studies at Wyoming Semi- 
nary, Kingston, in 1867, having been a 
student there for two years. He began 
business life as clerk in the private bank- 
ing house of Bennett, Phelps & Company, 
Wilkes-Barre, was promoted teller, then 



cashier, holding the latter position until 
that house liquidated in 1879. During 
those twelve years he had proved his 
quality, and had found favor with the 
banking public. When Bennet, Phelps 
& Company closed out their business, 
the Wyoming National Bank of Wilkes- 
Barre secured his services, retaining them 
from 1880 until 1885. In October of the 
latter year he was appointed teller of the 
First National Bank of Wilkes-Barre, 
was promoted to the position of cashier 
April 12, 1887, and held that important 
post until his death. Nearly thirty-five 
years of his life were thus spent, his 
record unstained by unworthy act, his 
character shining the more brightly under 
this severest of tests, under which so 
many men have fallen. No man in the 
Wyoming Valley was held in higher 
esteem and no man more justly deserved 
his reputation. 

While a student at Wyoming Seminary, 
Mr. Carhart was converted and became 
a member of Kingston Methodist Episco- 
pal Church. From that time until his 
death he met every Christian obligation 
squarely, and fulfilled them gladly. He 
was a tireless worker for the church, and 
gave loyal service to every department. 
He taught the adult Bible class for 
several years, and was leader of the Sun- 
day school work as superintendent for 
several more. He served the church as 
secretary and treasurer, and was a popular 
class leader, a form of Christian service 
peculiar to the Methodist church. To his 
personal service he added liberal con- 
tributions to all the church benevolences 
and support. He was a member of the 
Royal Society of Good Fellows No. 19, of 
Wilkes-Barre, and of the Wyoming His- 
torical and Geological Society, elected 
October 4, 1895. 

Mr. Carhart married, at Kingston, May 
23, 1872, Elizabeth Helme, daughter of 



2365 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Frank Helme, who survives him with an 
only daughter, Helen Helme, wife of 
Jared Warner Stark, of Detroit, Michigan. 
The following tribute was presented to 
Mrs. Carhart by the directors of the First 
National Bank, the beautiful brochure 
bearing in letters of gold the words "In 
Memoriam," and on the last page the seal 
and the signatures of president, William 
S. McLean, and secretary, Charles P. 
Hunt. 

At a special meeting of the Board of Directors 
of The First National Bank of this city, called 
to take action upon the death of our late cashier, 
Mr. P. M. Carhart, the following preamble and 
resolutions were unanimously adopted: 

The expected has come to pass. Our cashier so 
long a sufferer has passed away. Mr. Carhart 
has been connected with this bank for more than 
fifteen years, first as teller, October i, 1885; as- 
sistant cashier, January 12, 1886; and cashier 
from April 13, 1887, to the date of his death. 

Since September, 1899, he has been a constant, 
patient sulferer, and while we deplore his death 
just in the prime of life, we feel that it must have 
been a great relief, and that our loss is his gain. 
During his connection with this bank, Mr. Car- 
hart has always been characterized by the manners 
of a Christian gentleman, conscientious and faith- 
ful in all the duties appertaining to his position, 
intelligent and clear-headed, understanding well 
the business over which he presided with dignified 
urbanity. We feel that it is but proper and fitting 
to place upon our minutes the following resolu- 
tion : 

Resolved, That while we are again called upon 
to record the death of an officer of this bank, we 
would most seriously add our estimation of his 
worth and character and convey to his family our 
deepest sympathy under this severe aflfliction. 

From his brethren of the official board 
of the First Methodist Episcopal Church 
came the following tribute, beautifully 
engrossed and bound in leather, bearing 
the signatures of Abraham Nesbitt, C. 
Bach, W. R. Billings, C. W. Laycock and 
Leonard Murdock: 



which was held in the church edifice Monday 
evening. May 13, 1901, unanimously authorized 
the following resolutions regarding the decease 
of Brother Phineas M. Carhart. 

Whereas, our Heavenly Father, in His wise 
providence, has removed from our midst Phineas 
M. Carhart, a brother respected and beloved, we 
desire to express our sorrow in this l)ereavement, 
and our appreciation of the life and character of 
the deceased, and our Christian sympathy for his 
afflicted family. Brother Carhart was a man 
whom all that came to know must respect. His 
life appeared to be above reproach. We shall 
miss his counsel in our official meetings, his 
prayers and testimony in the prayer circle, and 
his sound advice and ardent exhortation in the 
class. We know, however, that most of all, he 
will be missed from the home. Our prayers are 
offered for the consolation of Divine grace in 
behalf of those who were so dear to him, and we 
wish to record that in our sorrow we find com- 
fort in the memory of so good a life, and his 
life a benediction to us. In Christian influence 
he still lives among us, while in the new and 
Heavenly kingdom we trust that he lives a citizen, 
faithful, obedient and happy. For these comfort- 
ing assurances we are grateful to our blessed 
Lord. 

Resolved, That these resolutions be spread upon 
the minutes of the Conference and that an en- 
grossed copy be presented to the family. 



Quarterly Conference of the First Methodist 
Episcopal Church at Kingston, Pennsylvania, 



SON, William Hanna, 

Head of Important Indaitrjr. 

In the hurry and stress of American 
business life often too little time is given 
to the personal relation, and often men of 
large affairs make but little personal im- 
pression upon the lives of those in their 
employ. But in December, 1913, an inci- 
dent of exceptional pathos and useful 
lesson was enacted at the plant of the 
Sheldon Axle Company in Wilkes-Barre 
when the funeral train bearing the casket 
of the chief who had fought so well and 
so bravely passed slowly between a mile 
of sorrowing employees lining both sides 
of the track. This action of love, respect 
and sorrow was decided upon by special 
vote of the men as a touching tribute 
to their chief, William H. Son, whos'^ 



2366 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



triumphs they had shared, whose friend- 
ship they valued, whose memory they 
honored. Those four thousand silent 
mourners who stood with uncovered 
heads while the train slowly bore him 
away, spoke eloquently of the deep im- 
press he had made upon their lives, and 
was a fitting tribute to a man who loved 
his fellow men. 

A son of John W. and Agnes (Bowie) 
Son, William H. Son united the Holland 
strain of his paternal ancestors with the 
Scotch blood of his mother's family. He 
was born in Ames, New York, May i8, 
1863, and died at Wilkes-Barre, Pennsyl- 
vania, November 30, 1913, after a lifelong 
connection with manufacturing in the 
State of his birth and in Wilkes-Barre. 
Educated in the schools of Amsterdam, 
New York, he was a youth of eighteen 
years when he laid aside his books for the 
practical things of life and entered the 
employ of D. W. Shuler & Company, of 
Amsterdam, manufacturers of springs. 
In the period between his entrance in 
1881 and until 1892 he served in every 
department of the factory, attaining to 
such a degree of efficiency and knowledge 
that he was made superintendent, for 
several years being entrusted with the 
entire management of the plant. He was 
valued by his employers, and through 
considerate and manly treatment of those 
under his direction won their respect and 
afifection. Upon the death of D. W. Shu- 
ler, head of this business, Mr. Son formed 
an association with the Sheldon Axle 
Company, of Wilkes-Barre, contracting 
for the erection of a plant for the manu- 
facture of springs. The scope of the busi- 
ness thus inaugurated in connection with 
the manufacture of axles widened so 
rapidly and proved such a profitable line 
to carry in conjunction with the axle 
business that generous provisions were 
made for its development and growth. 
Under Mr. Son's direction a superior 



grade of carriage spring was placed upon 
the market, the worth of which was 
speedily impressed upon carriage builders, 
with the result that the Sheldon product 
usurped almost entirely the place of the 
cheaper grades that had been formerly in 
use. The immediate popularity of auto- 
mobiles afforded a new field for the activ- 
ities of the company, and here the same 
success attended their efforts as in the 
former operations. In 1901 Mr. Son's 
estimate of the required output of the 
factory was placed at two thousand tons, 
while nine years later, in 1910, the com- 
pany manufactured and sold of carriage 
springs alone eighteen thousand tons. In 
1908 Mr. Son accepted the vice-presidency 
and general managership of the Sheldon 
Axle Company, in whose marvelous 
growth he had played so important and 
so conspicuous a part, and continued in 
the discharge of the duties of these offices 
until his death. In his managerial ca- 
pacity he was as thoroughly and com- 
pletely in touch with all of the mammoth 
Sheldon plant as he had been with his 
own department years before and his 
administration of his responsible office 
showed the tireless nature of his in- 
dustry, the strength of his intellect, and 
the height of his ideals. To his work he 
gave of his best, and the attribute that 
makes him worthy of position with the 
greatest men of industry and business of 
to-day, was his appreciation of the neces- 
sity for close cooperation between em- 
ployer and employee. At no time in his 
rise from ordinary station to authority 
was he above consideration of the welfare 
of those below him, and he used the term 
below in no other sense than that of 
authority in business. In that fact lay 
the secret of much of his industrial suc- 
cess. 

Mr. Son had few business interests out- 
side of the Sheldon Axle Company, but 
for some time served the Dime Savings 



2367 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Bank as a director. He was a member of 
the Society of Auto-Engineers, and also 
belonged to the Knights of Pythias, the 
Young Men's Christian Association, the 
Wilkes-Barre Auto and the Westmore- 
land and Franklin clubs. His circle of 
friends was wide, and held within its 
limits many of the most prominent men 
in business and civil life of the locality. 
He was a gentleman of cultured tastes 
and pleasing manner, the courtesy and 
kindliness of his address, the outward re- 
flection of a heart filled with good will 
and friendship toward all. His intimate 
acquaintance was a privilege prized by 
those who knew its delights, and to these 
his death was a severe blow. 

William H. Son married (first) Emma 
Rida Shadbolt, who bore him one daugh- 
ter, deceased ; (second) February 28, 
1900, Mary Elizabeth Whittaker, of Am- 
sterdam, New York, who survives him, 
a resident of Wilkes-Barre. 



HOWE, Lyman H., 

Pioneer in Moving Fictnre Bnslnesa. 

Now that the value of "moving pic- 
tures" as an educational force and a 
widely popular form of entertainment is 
so firmly established, let us not forget the 
pioneers who with faith in the invention, 
took it with all its crudities and imperfec- 
tions, risked and lost fortunes, but finally 
established it as the greatest medium on 
earth for the dissemination of a true 
knowledge of the world and the inhabit- 
ants thereof. Among these pioneers who 
encouraged the inventors to perfect their 
ideas and who taught the public the value 
of the "screen" as an educator and an en- 
tertainer, Lyman H. Howe, of Wilkes- 
Barre, stands preeminent. He is to-day 
one of the most prominent figures in the 
amusement world, his agents literally 
scouring the world for films, his several 
companies exhibiting in every part of 



the United States, thereby conferring 
pleasure and benefit upon millions. 
Books can tell of the wonders of the 
world, lecturers can narrate the wonders 
they have seen, but by his enterprise and 
genius Mr. Howe has brought these 
things to us and has made them as real 
as when they v/ere imprisoned in the 
camera. Did his work end with enter- 
tainment it would be all sufficient, but 
when the educational value is added, the 
moving picture becomes a university, 
teaching old and young the wonders, 
glories and beauties of nature and of 
created life on the earth, beneath the earth, 
under the sea, and in the air. He has, in 
the development of his immense business, 
traversed the Old and New Worlds, seek- 
ing and securing attractive views and 
locations, and as an expert in the me- 
chanical and electrical details of his work 
has few equals. He has expanded and 
developed his natural talent with the 
years until as executive and business 
manager he duplicates his success as a 
purveyor to the great public of useful, 
pleasing, and popular entertainment. 

Wilkes-Barre, the place of his birth, is 
the home center of his great business, a 
four-story building on West River street 
being necessary to house properly its 
many departments. His beautiful modern 
home, exquisitely furnished and adorned, 
is on Riverside Drive, Wilkes-Barre, the 
scenes of his boyhood proving more at- 
tractive to him than the usual resorts of 
the wealthy. 

Lyman H. Howe was born in Wilkes- 
Barre, Pennsylvania, June 9, 1856, son of 
Nathan G. and Margaret (Robins) Howe, 
a direct descendant of Puritan ancestors. 
Nathan G. Howe was born in Boylston, 
Massachusetts, August 10, 1810, died in 
Wilkes-Barre, October 18, 1873. He came 
to the Wyoming Valley in 1835, settling 
at Kingston, and as manufacturer, con- 
tractor, and builder attained prominence. 



2368 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Among his works were the first water 
works at Laurel Run and the laying of 
the first system of water pipes for Wilkes- 
Barre, the building of the Delaware & 
Hudson railroad from South Wilkes- 
Barre to Plymouth, and other sections of 
railroads at Nanticoke, and the creation 
of the beautiful river Common from the 
unsightly South street river bank. He 
was engaged in many other business en- 
terprises, ranking among the "builders of 
Wilkes-Barre," and holding the esteem of 
his townsmen. He married, in 1840, Mar- 
garet, daughter of John and Margaret 
(Garrison) Robins, who was born in Han- 
over township, Luzerne county, August 
30, 1814, died in Wilkes-Barre, October 
15, 1898. 

Lyman H., eighth and youngest child 
of Nathan G. and Margaret (Robins) 
Howe, spent his youthful days in Wilkes- 
Barre, acquiring his education in the pub- 
lic schools and at Wyoming Seminary, 
Kingston, Pennsylvania. His natural ar- 
tistic ability asserted itself early, and at 
once had its effect upon his business re- 
lations, his attention being turned to sign 
painting. Subsequently he formed a part- 
nership with J. J. McCormick in this line 
under the firm name of Howe & McCor- 
mick, the business they founded at Bow- 
man's Corner on the Public Square and 
West Market street, developing into a 
concern employing a large force of men. 
Both of the partners later entered dif- 
ferent paths of activity, Mr. Howe becom- 
ing a traveling salesman. The panic that 
then swept the country compelled him to 
retire from the road, and for three years 
he was in the employ of the Central Rail- 
road of New Jersey. 

Leaving the railroad, he began his ca- 
reer as a caterer to the public entertain- 
ment, and there found his true sphere, 
one in which he has won world-wide 
fame. His first venture was with Robert 
M. Colburn, with whom he purchased a 



miniature coal breaker. They improved 
and perfected it until they had a faithful 
working model of a complete coal mining 
industry, and together they toured the 
State of Pennsylvania, exhibiting their 
model. Disaster attended them, their 
venture failed, and they returned to 
Wilkes-Barre through the aid of friendly 
freight' train crews. But Mr. Howe be- 
lieved in his project and, arranging with 
his partner for sole ownership, began 
anew his attempt to prove to the public 
that his "breaker" was an entertaining 
and instructive exposition of coal mining. 
Finally he interested the officials of the 
Lehigh Valley Railroad Company, and 
for nine years the "breaker" was one of 
the popular attractions at Glen Onoko, 
that interesting mountain resort near 
Mauch Chunk, Pennsylvania. Ultimately 
he sold the "breaker" to the Reading 
Railroad Company for the purpose of ex- 
hibiting it at the World's Fair, in Chicago, 
in 1893. Before Mr. Howe disposed of 
the "breaker" he became interested in 
Edison's phonograph, during the winter 
seasons being engaged in giving exhibi- 
tions, and was one of the first persons to 
demonstrate the possibility of entertain- 
ing a large audience with a phonograph 
by using a horn. His nine years of suc- 
cess as an exhibitor at Glen Onoko had 
brought him both experience and capital, 
so that when he disposed of the "breaker" 
to the Reading Railroad Company, he 
then gave his entire attention to phono- 
graphic entertainment, and later was at- 
tracted to Edison's Kinetoscope while 
visiting the World's Fair in Chicago. The 
Kinetoscope was then in its infancy, but 
Mr. Howe saw in it new possibilities, and 
quickly conceived the idea of casting pic- 
tures upon a screen. Communicating 
with Mr. Edison upon the subject, that 
inventor told him that he would in the 
course of time construct a machine that 
would make this idea a reality. After 



2369 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



waiting two years Mr. Edison did make 
such a machine, named it the Vitascope, 
organized a company to handle the inven- 
tion, and through his agents, Rafif & Gam- 
mon, informed Mr. Howe that he might 
have the first choice of territory in which 
to exhibit. His terms were $5,000 for the 
State of Pennsylvania, exclusive of Phil- 
adelphia and Pittsburgh. This price Mr. 
Howe deemed exorbitant for so small a 
territory, and he then built a machine 
along his own lines that was more satis- 
factory to him than anything he could 
obtain elsewhere at that time. In 1896 he 
organized his first company to exhibit 
moving pictures. With this company he 
toured the New England and Middle At- 
lantic States, and so won his spectators 
that he returned again and again to the 
same localities, making semi-annual visits. 
The success of his exhibitions created an 
ever-increasing demand from other States, 
and in 1902 he organized another com- 
pany to cover Maryland, Virginia, and 
the Middle Western States. This com- 
pany duplicated the success of the first, 
and in 1904 another company was formed 
to tour the far west and northwest. Later 
years have but added to the magnitude 
of his enterprises, and his companies have 
now consolidated under two distinct 
branches as the Lyman H. Howe Attrac- 
tions and the Lyman H. Howe Films 
Company. The earth has been laid under 
contribution, and the results of the trav- 
els of Mr. Howe and his lieutenants have 
been given to his countrymen in the form 
of moving pictures, travelogues and lec- 
tures. In 191 1 Mr. Howe admitted as 
partner his former manager, S. M. Wilkin- 
shaw, who had long been identified with 
Mr. Howe's moving picture activities, 
and who in the past few years has re- 
lieved Mr. Howe of many of the burdens 
of active management and at the present 
time is managing and directing Mr. 
Howe's entire moving picture interests. 



Mr. Howe is closely connected with 
Wilkes-Barre enterprises, and makes 
every effort to advance the interests of 
his native city. On June 17, 1913, Mr. 
Howe was tendered a testimonial dinner 
by the Wilkes-Barre Chamber of Com- 
merce, on which occasion he was pre- 
sented with a silver loving cup and beau- 
tifully engrossed resolutions expressive 
of his fellow members' appreciation of his 
services as general manager of the first 
Greater Wilkes-Barre Industrial Exposi- 
tion. He is a director of the Miners' 
Bank, chairman of the River Improve- 
ment Committee, president of the Susque- 
hanna River Improvement Association of 
the Wyoming Valley, chairman of the 
Art Jury, member of the Chamber of 
Commerce, and elected president of that 
body October, 1915; belongs to Lodge 
No. 61, and to chapter, commandery and 
temple of the Masonic order in Wilkes- 
Barre, and is a noble of Irem, Temple, of 
the Mystic Shrine, and a member of the 
Pennsylvania Society of New York. In 
all these fraternal and business bodies he 
is highly regarded and popular, his genial, 
afiFable nature endearing him to his fel- 
lows, his public spirit, wide experience, 
and executive ability gaining him the 
highest standing among men of affairs. 

One of the greatest public recognitions 
of Mr. Howe's achievements came in the 
action of the authorities of the Panama 
California Exposition at San Diego, Cali- 
fornia, when July 7, 1915, was given over 
to his honor as "Lyman H. Howe Day." 
Mr. Howe was represented at the Exposi- 
tion by Mr. C. P. Bosworth, a fellow citi- 
zen of Wilkes-Barre, who, on Mr. Howe's 
behalf, presented the historian of the ex- 
position with moving picture prints of 
the principal incidents of the day-to-day 
operation of the Panama Canal. These 
pictures, which required three months in 
the making, were only made complete 
through the cooperation of Secretary of 



2370 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



War Lindley M. Garrison, and show each 
step in the passing of a steamer through 
the canal, the occupation of the canal by 
the United States army, incidents of army 
life in the jungle, and scenes at Colon and 
Panama City. The pictures were en- 
closed in a copper box, so sealed that the 
film.s should be in an excellent state of 
preservation when opened in 1965, as in- 
tended, and viewed by the people then 
living at San Diego. In addition there 
was placed in the receptacle a moving 
picture record of the day at the exposi- 
tion. In this unique and original manner 
Mr. Howe made acknowledgment of the 
courtesy of the directors of the exposi- 
tion. It is interesting and worthy of men- 
tion that the detailed account of "Lyman 
H. Howe Day" at the San Diego Exposi- 
tion received at the Wilkes-Barre office 
of the Western Union Telegraph Com- 
pany was the longest telegraph circuit 
ever made up out of Wilkes-Barre to 
handle a message, the wire being routed 
from Wilkes-Barre to New York, Chi- 
cago, Kansas City, Denver, Salt Lake 
City, San Francisco, to San Diego. The 
wire was a special to the Wilkes-Barre 
"Times-Leader," and the operator who 
received it stated that notwithstanding 
the great amount of mileage represented 
the Morse characters from the San Diego 
operator came in perfectly. 

Mr. Howe married, September 26, 1888, 
M. Alice Koehler, daughter of Franklin 
and Susan (Newhard) Koehler, of Allen- 
town, Pennsylvania. Both Mr. and Mrs. 
Howe are members of the First Church 
of Christ (Scientist). Their only child is 
an adopted son, Lyman Harold, born May 
23, 1901. 



BIXBY, Charles W., 

PraKlBemt Cltlien. 

The paternal ancestry of Mr. Bixby 
traces to Joseph Bixby, an Englishman, 



and maternally to Thomas Welles, both 
of whom came from England in the year 
1637, the former settling in Massachu- 
setts, the latter in Connecticut. Thomas 
Welles, whose English ancestry dated to 
the tenth century, came as secretary to 
Lord Saye and Seal and later became 
very prominent in the public life of the 
colony of Connecticut, serving in many 
high positions, and for a period of five 
years, 1655-1659, inclusive, was deputy- 
governor and governor. The Welles line 
of descent from Governor Thomas Welles 
to Charles Fisher Welles is given in full 
elsewhere in this work. 

Joseph Bixby, the founder of his line 
in America, was born in Little Walden- 
field, Suffolk, England, about 1620, and in 
1637 came to New England, settling at 
Ipswich, Massachusetts, where he lived 
until 1660. He then moved to Rowley, a 
village that later was incorporated as 
Boxford. He was a large landowner, 
selectman, sergeant of Rowley "train 
band" and in 1675 fought with his com- 
pany in King Philip's war. He died April 
19, 1700, leaving a widow, Sarah (Wyatt- 
Heard) Bixby, who died June 3, 1704. 
The records of that period refer to the 
Bixbys, Joseph and Sarah, as "noted peo- 
ple for the day," and that Bixbys were 
remarkable for great energy, force and 
moral purity. The name Bixby is given 
as of Danish origin. 

Benjamin Bixby, son of Joseph and 
Sarah Bixby, lived with his wife, Mary, 
at Topsfield, Massachusetts, where he 
died about 1725, leaving among other 
children a son, Samuel, who was bap- 
tized June 12, 1689, and died in 1741. He 
settled, about 1716, in what is now Mill- 
bury, Massachusetts, then Sutton, and is 
named as one of the eighteen original 
heads of families that settled in that town 
and as a landowner. He married. May 14, 
1718, Martha, granddaughter of Joseph 



2371 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Underwood, and daughter of Thomas 
Underwood. 

Samuel (2) Bixby, son of Samuel (i) 
and Martha (Underwood) Bixby, was 
born September 9, 1721, and is said to 
have been the first white child born in 
Sutton. He married (first) Lydia, daugh- 
ter of Josiah and Elizabeth (Fuller) 
Bond; (second) Mrs. Rebecca Bartlett; 
(third) Mrs. Huldah Towne, who died 
February 4, 1843, aged one hundred and 
four years. He died in 1809. 

Sampson Bixby, son of Samuel (2) and 
Lydia (Bond) Bixby, was born in 1759, 
died February 11, 1847. He was a soldier 
of the Revolution as shown by the 
records of the War Department, at Wash- 
ington, and according to family tradition 
attained the rank of lieutenant. In his 
application for a Revolutionary pension 
— which was granted — made on October 
16, 1832, he stated that he was born at 
Sutton, Massachusetts, May 3, 1759. and 
that he was living in Sutton when he first 
entered the army and until 1785. He then 
moved to Stratton, Vermont, where he 
lived about thirty years, then moved to 
Painted Post, New York. He enlisted in 
the latter part of August, 1776, serving 
until November. In December of that 
same year he volunteered, serving six 
weeks. In August, 1777. he was drafted 
for service in the militia and during his 
four and a half months spent with the 
army under this enlistment saw hard 
service in the field, being at Saratoga 
when Burgoyne surrendered. In July, 
1778, he again volunteered for a term of 
six months. At the time of making his 
application for a pension he was seventy- 
three years of age, and with the applica- 
tion presented affidavits signed by men 
who had served in the army with him. 
Sampson Bixby was a farmer. In Strat- 
ton he aided in organizing the first con- 
gregational church, serving as one of the 
deacons, and at Painted Post, New York, 



he also served the church as deacon. His 
first settlement at Campbell, New York, 
was in 1812, and there he and his sons 
began several new settlements. In 1816 
he located in Painted Post, where he 
probably was living at the time of his 
death. He married, April 27, 1786, Sarah 
Richardson, born in Sutton, Massachu- 
setts, November 16, 1762, died Septem- 
ber 15, 1819, daughter of Ralph and Sarah 
(Bartlett) Richardson. 

Salmon Bixby, son of Sampson and 
Sarah (Richardson) Bixby, was born in 
Stratton, Vermont, in 1792, died in Steu- 
ben county. New York, in 1843. He came 
to Steuben county in 1812 with his father 
and was one of the pioneer settlers of that 
section. He married Lucy French. 

George M. Bixby, son of Salmon and 
Lucy (French) Bixby, was born in Steu- 
ben county. New York, October 30, 1820, 
died at Wyalusing, Pennsylvania, July 
26, 1880. At an early age he went to 
Rochester, New York, there was edu- 
cated and lived until his marriage, being 
engaged for several years in operating a 
hardware store which he owned. After 
his marriage, in 1852, he moved to Wya- 
lusing, where for many years he con- 
ducted a lumber manufacturing and gen- 
eral store business. He then became in- 
terested in banking and for several years 
prior to his death was engaged in that 
business. He married. May 3, 1852, Jane 
Mary Welles, born December 8, 1820, 
died May 3, 1869, daughter of Charles 
Fisher and Ellen J. (Hollenback) Welles, 
of Wyalusing. Children : Maynard, now 
residing in Salt Lake City, Utah ; Charles 
W., of further mention ; George H., de- 
ceased ; and Ellen W., deceased. These 
children are descendants in the eighth 
generation of Joseph Bixby, Governor 
Thomas Welles, William Pynchon, the 
founder of Springfield, Massachusetts, 
and in the third generation of Colonel 
Matthias Hollenback, an early settler of 



2372 





'IfryH 



(^^^Ws24v^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the Wyoming Valley and a survivor of 
Wyoming battle and massacre. 

Charles W. Bixby, son of George M. 
and Jane Mary (Welles) Bixby, was born 
in Wyalusing, Pennsylvania, December 
15, 1854. His early education was ob- 
tained in public and private schools but 
his preparation for college was under the 
instruction of Rev. David Craft, pastor 
of the Second Presbyterian Church, of 
Wyalusing. In September, 1872, he en- 
tered Lafayette College, where he was 
graduated analytical chemist, class of 
1876. For one year after graduation Mr. 
Bixby traveled in the far west, then re- 
turned to Pennsylvania, located in 
Wilkes-Barre and began his business ca- 
reer that has continued without interrup- 
tion in that city until the present time. 
He entered the employ of the Second Na- 
tional Bank of Wilkes-Barre in January, 
1879, as deposit bookkeeper, later became 
general bookkeeper, holding those posi- 
tions until October, 1882. In January, 
1884, he accepted the position of general 
bookkeeper with the People's Bank, of 
Wilkes-Barre, continuing with that insti- 
tution until March, 1896, having then 
been for a few months assistant cashier. 
In March, 1896, he resigned his bank 
position, becoming treasurer of the Hol- 
lenback Cemetery Association, forming 
a connection with his uncle, Edward 
Welles, as secretary and agent. For 
twenty years this association continued 
and wlls only dissolved by the death of 
Edward Welles, March 8, 1914. Since 
that date Mr. Bixby has been trustee of 
the Edward Welles estate. During these 
years of active business life he has held 
positions of trust other than those named. 
He was treasurer of the Glen Summit 
Hotel and Land Company, 1887 and 1888, 
and was also treasurer of Glen Summit 
Association and Glen Summit Company, 
and for six years was treasurer of the 
Wyoming Historical and Geological So- 



ciety. He has been a member of Phi 
Delta Theta college fraternity for the 
past forty-two years, member of Wyo- 
ming Valley Country Club, deacon of the 
First Presbyterian Church, Wilkes-Barre, 
an independent Republican. 

Mr. Bixby married, June 25, 1883, Anne 
B. Davis. Children: Ellen Welles, born 
December 4, 1884, married Robert F. Car- 
penter, of Cleveland, Ohio ; Edward 
Welles, born August 3, 1886, now a prac- 
ticing physician of Wilkes-Barre. Ed- 
ward Welles Bixby was educated at Hill- 
man Academy, Wilkes-Barre, and Prince- 
ton University, being a graduate of the 
latter. Bachelor of Arts, class of 1907. 
He then pursued a course of study in the 
medical department of the University of 
Pennsylvania, whence he was graduated 
Doctor of Medicine, class of 191 1, stand- 
ing second in a class of one hundred and 
fifty students and winning the F. A. Pack- 
ard prize of one hundred dollars for ex- 
cellence in clinical medicine. He then 
spent nearly three years in professional 
work at Pennsylvania Hospital, Philadel- 
phia, then located for the practice of his 
profession in Wilkes-Barre, where he is 
laying a firm foundation for a career of 
future usefulness. He is one of the pub- 
lic school medical inspectors, and for one 
year has been regimental surgeon of the 
Ninth Regiment Pennsylvania National 
Guard, ranking as lieutenant. At the 
United States examination during the last 
drill season his rating was the highest 
attained by any regimental surgeon in the 
National Guard. 



McLEAN, William Swan, 
Iiawyer, Financier, Man of Enterpriae. 

For half a century McLean and the 
First National Bank, of Wilkes-Barre, 
Pennsylvania, have been names closely 
associated, three members of the family 
serving on the board of directors and two 



2373 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of them as president, the first president 
being James McLean ; the present execu- 
tive, William S. McLean, having served 
since 1889. The idea of a national bank 
in Wilkes-Barre was first practically put 
into operation by Alexander McLean, 
Tames McLean, his son, Thomas Long, 
his son-in-law, and Joseph Brown. On 
June I, 1863, the directors of the First 
National Bank, of Wilkes-Barre, Alex- 
ander McLean, James McLean, Joseph 
Brown, Alexander Gray, and Thomas 
Long were elected, the institution being 
the thirtieth national bank organized in 
the United States. On the same day 
James McLean, then about thirty-eight 
years of age and extensively engaged in 
the coal business at Summit Hill, Carbon 
county, Pennsylvania, was elected presi- 
dent of the board. James McLean died 
January 29, 1864, as the result of a rail- 
road accident. Alexander Gray was the 
second president, elected February 10, 
1864, and resigned September 22, 1864, 
Alexander Gray at that time was largely 
interested in the coal business, and had 
been superintendent of the old Baltimore 
Coal Company for many years. Charles 
Parrish, for many years and up to his 
death one of the foremost men of the 
Wyoming Valley, succeeded Alexander 
Gray as president, having been elected 
September 22, 1864, and resigned July 
27, 1885. Mr. Parrish was succeeded by 
Hon. E. C. Wadhams, a business man and 
ex-State Senator, who had the confidence 
of the whole community. Mr. Wadhams 
was elected president July 27, 1885, and 
served until his death, January 19, 1889. 
He was succeeded by William S. McLean, 
a member of the Luzerne county bar, son 
of Alexander McLean. 

This record is one of great interest, and 
one that reflects deepest honor upon the 
two sons of Alexander McLean, James 
and William S., the former having the 
distinction of launching a successful in- 



stitution, the latter of successfully navi- 
gating the troubled seas of finance for 
twenty-five years, gaining national repu- 
tation as a financial captain. This would 
in itself constitute an honorable record 
worthy of any man, but it is only a part 
of William S. McLean's life work, yet to 
be com,pleted. The law was his choice, 
and for nearly half a century he has prac- 
ticed his profession in Wilkes-Barre, for 
twenty-four years, was solicitor for the 
city in addition to a large private prac- 
tice, official duties of various nature, 
prominence in Democratic politics, and 
the presidency of a sound financial insti- 
tution. Honors have come to him from 
his party, from his business associates, 
and from his fellow citizens, honors cul- 
minating in his election in 1910 and re- 
election each succeeding year to the presi- 
dency of the Wilkes-Barre Clearing 
House Association by the heads of the 
member banks. It is v key to the endur- 
ing qualities of Mr. McLean's character 
and personality that in his native city, 
where best known, he is most highly hon- 
ored and best appreciated. 

William S. McLean is a son of Alexan- 
der McLean, a Scotch-Irishman, born at 
Fernlaestra, on the river Bann, in Lon- 
donderry, Ireland. Alexander McLean 
came to the United States in 1820, locat- 
ing at Mauch Chunk, Pennsylvania, 
where he engaged in coal mining opera- 
tions. He possessed one hundred pounds 
sterling as capital, and shortly after his 
arrival entered into a contract with the 
Lehigh Coal and Navigation Company to 
transport their coal, mined at Summit 
Hill, to Mauch Chunk, using teams and 
wagons, delivering the coal to the boats 
that then floated it down the rivers to 
Philadelphia. When the competition of 
the "gravity road" made his services un- 
necessary in the transportation of the 
coal, he entered into another contract 
with the same company to mine its coal, 



2374 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



being the first man to contract in such a 
manner with that company. He con- 
tinued his mining contracts until 1848, 
then moved with his family to the farm 
on the old Careytown road, a property he 
had purchased in 1839. There he built a 
fine mansion in the colonial style, and 
there resided until his death in 1868, at 
the age of sixty-eight years. This farm is 
now included within the corporate limits 
of the city of Wilkes-Barre. He became 
one of the important men of his day and 
took active part in public as well as busi- 
ness affairs. For many years he was 
president of the Central Poor District of 
Luzerne county. He was largely respon- 
sible for the organization of the First 
National Bank, of Wilkes-Barre, of which 
his son, James McLean, was the first 
president, and served on its first board 
of directors. He was a man of strong, 
determined character, and the father of 
sons who worthily upheld the honor of 
the family name. He married Elizabeth 
Swan, who bore him ten children who 
arrived at years of maturity : James, Sam- 
uel , Martha, Leslie, Mary, Elizabeth, 
George ; William Swan, of further men- 
tion ; John M., and Margaret A. 

William Swan McLean was born at 
Summit Hill, Carbon county, Pennsyl- 
vania, May 27, 1842. He prepared for 
college at Dana's Academy, Wilkes-Barre, 
then entered Lafayette College, whence 
he was graduated with honors as vale- 
dictorian, class of '65, and on receiving 
his Master's degree, three years after his 
graduation, he was selected by the faculty 
to deliver the Master's oration. He chose 
the profession of law, studied under the 
preceptorship of B. G. Nicholson, of 
Wilkes-Barre, and in 1867 was admitted 
to the Luzerne county bar. He at once 
began practice, and has attained unusual 
prominence as a lawyer of learning, abil- 
ity and probity. He has been admitted to 
all State and Federal courts of his dis- 



trict, has a large private practice, and has 
been connected with much of the most 
important litigation tried in Luzerne 
courts. He is a member of the various 
legal associations, and has not allowed 
business interests to interfere with his 
usefulness as a lawyer. 

Mr. McLean was elected president of 
the First National Bank, of Wilkes-Barre, 
January 20, 1889, and still is the honored 
head of that solid financial institution. 
His trained legal mind and inherited busi- 
ness instinct have united in forming the 
wise, conservative financier, and he is 
recognized as a tower of strength to the 
bank whose destinies he guides. He is a 
member of the associations of fi.nanciers, 
and in their deliberations has frequently 
taken part, speaking authoritatively from 
years of experience. In 1910, after the 
death of George S. Bennett, Mr. McLean 
was elected president of the Wilkes-Barre 
Clearing House Association, an honor 
that has been repeated each succeeding 
year. This evidence of the confidence 
reposed in him by the bankers of the asso- 
ciation is most gratifying to him person- 
ally, and testifies to the strength of his 
position among financiers. He is the 
trusted legal and financial adviser of hun- 
dreds who look to him to guide them 
safely past all danger points and to im- 
prove their opportunities for investment. 

A Democrat in politics, Mr. McLean 
has been the nominee for judge of Lu- 
zerne county, but in 1879 ^"^ 1895, years 
in which he was the candidate, factional 
disturbances within the party caused his 
defeat, although he led his party by two 
thousand votes. During the Civil War 
he served with Pennsylvania troops, rank- 
ing as corporal. He is a member of the 
Masonic order, belonging to Landmark 
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons ; She 
Kinah Chapter, Royal Arch Masons ; and 
Dieu Le Veut Commandery, Knights 
Templar. He belongs to the Westmore- 



2375 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



land Club, of Wilkes-Barre, and is an at- 
tendant of the Presbyterian church. 

Mr. McLean married, November 21, 
1871, Annie S. (now deceased), daughter 
of George H. and Margaret B. Roberts, 
of Philadelphia. Children: George R., 
William S. (2), Margaret, and Percy C. 



SPRAGUE, Levi L., 

Clereyman, Edncator, Anthor. 

As student, principal of the College of 
Business and president of Wyoming Sem- 
inary, the Rev. Levi L. Sprague, D. D., 
has been connected with that institution 
since 1866. To estimate the value that 
his energy, moral power, leadership and 
fine understanding of the needs and aspir- 
ations of young people has been to the 
seminary is impossible, but the lives of 
the students who have gone from his wise 
Christian teaching testify to the depth of 
his interest and his devotion to the im- 
portant work of training young people 
for their parts in the life of the nation. 
An ordained minister of the Gospel and a 
member of the Wyoming Conference of 
the Methodist Episcopal church, he has 
ministered to the spiritual as well as to 
the intellectual needs of the students, and 
insofar as has lain in his power has fos- 
tered in the hearts of his graduates a love 
and respect for the teachings of the Great 
Master while imparting the lesser learn- 
ing of mortal minds. That the institution 
to which he has devoted his life has pros- 
pered and has been an important factor in 
shaping the lives of thousands, is due in a 
large measure to the single-minded devo- 
tion, wisdom and ability of Dr. Sprague, 
who since 1882 has been its president. 
Neither the ministry nor pedagogy 
formed any part of Dr. Sprague's early 
life plans, for his aim was the law, and 
he spent considerable time in prepara- 
tion, but, becoming convinced that his 
duty was to preach the gospel, he aban- 



doned the law and prepared for the min- 
istry. His appointment by his conference 
to the seminary as its minister allowed 
him to continue as principal of the Col- 
lege of Business connected with the semi- 
nary, therefore his entire ministerial work 
as well as his work as a teacher has been 
with Wyoming Seminary, that, with its 
splendid equipment, stands as a monu- 
ment to the builders thereof, chief of 
whom is its honored president. Dr. 
Sprague's fame is not confined to the 
seminary, for as the author of standard 
text books, as a contributor to leading 
periodicals, and as a lecturer he is known 
throughout the nation. As a preacher he 
has filled many pulpits with great accept- 
ability, and holds the unlimited esteem of 
his brethren of the ministry, of his fel- 
low workers in the cause of education, of 
the laity, and of the great student body 
who have attended Wyoming Seminary 
during his long term as principal and 
chief executive. 

Levi L. Sprague was born in Beekman, 
Dutchess county. New York, December 
23, 1844, son of Nelson L. and Laura 
(Spencer) Sprague. He is a descendant 
of Jonathan Sprague, who settled in Prov- 
idence, Rhode Island, in 1675, son of Wil- 
liam Sprague, of Hingham, Massachu- 
setts, in 1652, and with forty-six others 
settled on a land grant of five thousand 
acres in East Greenwich, Rhode Island. 

Nelson Sprague moved from New York 
to Archbald, Pennsylvania, in 1847, later 
moved to Gibson, Pennsylvania, then to 
New Milford, Susquehanna county, in 
each town engaged in work at his trade 
of carriage making. In 1858 impaired 
health caused his retirement to a farm at 
Le Raysville, Bradford county, Pennsyl- 
vania, and later to Otsego, Michigan, 
where he died in 1881. During these 
years of changing residence, Levi L., the 
son, was educated under private teachers, 
and most fortunately they were men who 



2376 




Z. /. \//{a--^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



were eminently qualified for so important 
a task as the training of the mind of 
youth. He was fourteen years of age 
when the family located on the Le Rays- 
ville farm, and there he came under the 
instruction of Chester P. Hodge, a for- 
mer student of Wyoming Seminary and 
a graduate of Union College, who was 
conducting a private school. For three 
years he studied under Mr. Hodge, a 
superior teacher, who guided the develop- 
ment of his mental and moral nature, 
while the out-of-door work on the farm 
built up the physical man. At the age of 
seventeen years he began teaching in the 
public schools nearby, but each year 
attended Le Raysville Academy for one 
term,, also devoting one term to a busi- 
ness course at Eastman's College at 
Poughkeepsie, New York. He thus add- 
ed yearly to his own mental equipment 
and gained teaching experience that at 
the age of twenty years brought him the 
appointment as principal of the Le Rays- 
ville Academy, Professor Hodge having 
been admitted to the bar and having 
located in the west. Mr. Sprague con- 
tinued as principal for two years, then in 
the spring of 1866 resigned and enrolled 
as a student at Wyoming Seminary, then 
under the presidency of Dr. Reuben Nel- 
son, from whom he gained an inspiration 
that exerted a powerful influence on his 
after life. After completing his student 
course, Mr. Sprague was elected principal 
of the College of Business, a department 
of the seminary. At this time he began 
the execution of a long formed plan, and, 
registering as a law student in the office 
of W. W. Ketcham, he pursued a course 
of legal study. For eighteen months he 
performed this double duty as principal 
and law student, developing an almost 
passionate love for legal study. But, be- 
coming convinced that he was called to 
preach the gospel, he abandoned the law, 



substituting a course in theology. He 
pursued his studies in divinity in connec- 
tion with his teaching until 1874, then 
passed the required tests, and was or- 
dained a minister of the Methodist Epis- 
copal church. He became a member of 
the Wyoming Conference, and since 1874 
has each year been appointed by the pre- 
siding bishop to Wyoming Seminary, 
forty-one years of uninterrupted pastor- 
ate. He continued as principal of the 
College of Business until 1882, then was 
elected president of the seminary, which 
position he yet most capably fills. Of his 
influence upon the thousands of students 
no estimate can be made, as that is barred 
from human eye, but of the material pros- 
perity that has followed his executive 
management there is ample evidence. 
The enrollment of the students has in- 
creased each year, the yearly number at- 
tending being more than double that of 
his early management. Nelson Memorial 
Hall, Nesbitt Science Hall and the Caro- 
line M. Pettibone Gymnasium have been 
added to the seminary buildings ; "Wyo- 
ming Field," a splendid athletic ground, 
to the acreage ; and over three hundred 
thousand dollars to the permanent en- 
dowment fund. Truly, as the good doctor 
reviews the material result of his labors, 
the retrospect can bring him nothing but 
satisfaction and thankfulness that his 
work has been so blessed. 

Personal honors have come to him from 
institutions of learning that have noted 
his usefulness as teacher and preacher. 
Allegheny College, in 1879, conferred the 
degree of Master of Arts upon him, and 
Wesleyan University that of Doctor of 
Divinity, in 1886. He has been a member 
of the board of trustees of Wyoming Sem- 
inary since 1882, and of Syracuse Univer- 
sity since 1884. Since 1874 he has been 
a member of the Wyoming Annual Con- 
ference of the Methodist Episcopal 



2Z77 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



church, is now a trustee of the conference 
and for many years has been a member 
of the Wyoming Historical and Geolog- 
ical Society. He is the author of stand- 
ard text books in general use, including 
"Practical Bookkeeping" (1872), "The 
Practical Speller," and "The Practical 
Grammar," the last named in collabora- 
tion with Professor E. I. Wolff, of the 
English department of Wyoming Semi- 
nary. He is a member of many societies, 
religious, educational and scientific, and 
is a frequent lecturer before learned 
bodies. He is a most pleasing speaker, 
earnest and convincing, striving not for 
oratorical effect but to make his message 
clear, whether delivered from pulpit or 
platform. He contributes largely to 
church and educational periodicals, and is 
as interesting and as helpful as a writer 
as he is as lecturer or preacher. His 
genial, social nature delights in the soci- 
ety of his fellows and he has entered 
heartily into the fraternal life of his com- 
munity, belonging to lodge, chapter and 
commandery of the Masonic order, and 
to the purely social body. Nobles of the 
Mystic Shrine. His is a well rounded 
character, the weight of his responsibil- 
ities as teacher, preacher and executive 
not obscuring the social side of his nature 
but on the contrary bringing it into 
stronger relief. His friends are legion 
and with their love goes the deepest re- 
spect and admiration for his qualities 
both of heart and mind. 

Dr. \Sprague married, December 22, 
1869, Jennie E. Russell, of Otsego, New 
York, of a prominent central New York 
family. Children : Emory Russell and 
Laura. The son, Emory R., is a graduate 
of Wyoming Seminary, class of '97, Syra- 
cuse University, class of 1900, and of 
Hahnemann Medical College, Philadel- 
phia, Doctor of Medicine, class of 1904. 
He has since 1904 been engaged in the 



practice of his profession at Syracuse, 
New York, where, on June 7, 1904, he 
married Helen Breese Graves, of that 
city. They have one child, Elizabeth. 



HAND, Isaac Piatt, 

Representative Attomey-at-lAir. 

The years of the professional connec- 
tion of Isaac Piatt Hand with Wilkes- 
Barre, Pennsylvania, number nearly half 
a century, a period in which he attained 
to proud and eminent position in the legal 
fraternity of the Wyoming Valley. While 
laying deep and firm the foundations 
upon which he has reared an extensive 
practice and worthy reputation, Mr. Hand 
readily accepted the duties and responsi- 
bilities, social, political and civil, that 
have bound him with strong ties to the 
life of Wilkes-Barre, and his service as 
private citizen, party leader, and public 
official has been the source of much good 
to his city and county. In the multiplic- 
ity of his associations and the absorbing 
nature of his professional activity it is 
most difficult to name his major interest, 
although it is a fair assumption that this 
is in matters educational, for with such 
affairs he has long been in close touch. 
Indeed, in his more youthful days, after 
the close of his college years, he spent 
two years in pedagogical pursuits, being 
from 1865 to 1867 principal of one of 
Scranton's schools. Later he manifested 
continued interest through his service in 
official capacity to two of Wilkes-Barre's 
educational institutions, long continued 
service on the city board of education, 
and his present office as trustee of his 
alma mater, Lafayette College, a position 
he has held since 1892. Nor is he the first 
of his name to yield loyal service to Lafa- 
yette, for his father, the Rev. Dr. Aaron 
H. Hand, was long a trustee of that insti- 
tution, which honored him with the de- 



2378 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



gree of Doctor of Divinity. Mr. Hand 
serves Lafayette with fidelity and zeal, 
and in person and with his means, with 
every power at his command, advances 
the welfare of the college with which 
many of the best memories of his early 
life are inseparably intricated. In his 
active, useful life he has caused his asso- 
ciates and friends to expect much from 
him in many fields, and in earnest, pur- 
poseful, and upright effort he has ful- 
filled their aspirations for him. 

Mr. Hand is a descendant of an old 
English family that has had a place in 
American history from the earliest colo- 
nial times, his American ancestor, eight 
generations removed, being John Hand, 
of Maidstone, County Kent, England. 
This John Hand was a landowner in two 
parishes of his county, and upon coming 
to America settled on Long Island, where 
there is record of him in March, 1644. 
Soon after this date he and others found- 
ed the town of East Hampton, Long 
Island, and the bequests provided for in 
his will, dated January 24, 1660, show him 
to have been a man of wealth and prop- 
erty unusual for that day. He married 
Alice Stanbrough, and died in East 
Hampton in 1663. From him the line of 
descent to Isaac Piatt Hand is through 
his son, Stephen, who died in 1693 ! his 
son, Stephen (2), born in 1661, died in 
1740; his son, John, baptized in 1701, died 
in 1755, and his wife, Hannah; his son, 
John (2), born January 31, 1725, and his 
wife, Rebecca ; his son, Aaron, born April 
27, 1773, died October 27, 1832, who mar- 
ried Tamar Piatt, born in 1773, died Janu- 
ary 16, 1854, daughter of Epenetus and 
Anna Bostwick Piatt, the ceremony being 
performed at Kingsbury, New York, Au- 
gust 17, 1795. Their son, Aaron Hicks 
Hand, was the father ot Isaac Piatt Hand, 
of Wilkes-Barre. 

Rev. Dr. Aaron Hicks Hand was born 
in Albany, New York, December 3, 181 1, 



and after there pursuing studies for a 
time entered Williams College, at Wil- 
liamstown, Massachusetts, whence he was 
graduated, class of 1831. Then matricu- 
lating at the Princeton Theological Semi- 
nary, Princeton, New Jersey, he was 
graduated from that institution in 1837, 
and from 1842 to 1845 was pastor of the 
Presbyterian church at Berwick, Colum- 
bia county, Pennsylvania, having been 
ordained into the ministry of the Presby- 
terian church upon the completion of his 
theological course. At the end of this 
time Rev. Dr. Hand's failing health neces- 
sitated a more favorable climate, and the 
family took up its residence in Florida. 
The warmth and mildness of the south- 
ern seasons so far recruited his physical 
forces that at the end of six years he was 
able to return to his work in the north, 
and was appointed to a charge at Green- 
wich, New Jersey, where he ministered 
for twenty years. He was a consecrated 
and faithful minister, an able and forceful 
preacher, and won loving place in the 
hearts of his parishioners and acquaint- 
ances. He was awarded the honorary de- 
gree of Doctor of Divinity by Lafayette 
College, whose destinies he helped to 
shape as a member of the board of trus- 
tees. He married, in Norwich, Connec- 
ticut, August 13, 1838, Elizabeth Boswell, 
whom he met in the year of his gradua- 
tion from Princeton Theological Semi- 
nary while visiting a brother. Bayard 
Hand, a leading lawyer of Savannah, 
Georgia. She was a daughter of John L. 
Boswell, who until his thirtieth year was 
a sea captain, when he left the sea and 
became a ship owner, gaining success, 
wealth and prominence. The Boswells' 
part in the early history of New Eng- 
land and Connecticut is one that well 
bears comparison with the leading names 
of that section. 

Isaac Piatt Hand, son of Rev. Dr. 
Aaron Hicks and Elizabeth (Boswell) 



p>L-Voi vii-n 



2379 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Hand, was born in Berwick, Columbia 
county, Pennsylvania, April 5, 1843. His 
preparatory study was at Media, Penn- 
sylvania, after which he entered Lafa- 
yette College. His work at this institu- 
tion was interrupted by a short term of 
enlistment in Company D, Thirty-eighth 
Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteer Emer- 
gency Militia, mustered in June 29, 1863, 
at Reading, and mustered out at same 
place, August 7, 1863, After his gradua- 
tion from Lafayette in the class of 1865, 
Mr. Hand accepted a position as princi- 
pal of the Hyde Park School, Scranton, 
Pennsylvania, an office he filled for two 
years, for the following two years, serv- 
ing as clerk of the Scranton City Council. 
Reading law in the office of Hand & 
Post, he was on November 15, 1869, ad- 
mitted to the bar, and until December, 
1870, practiced in Scranton, at that latter 
date moving to Wilkes-Barre, where he 
has since maintained his residence and 
his professional practice. For six years 
he was the junior partner of the law firm 
of Wright & Hand, and after the dissolu- 
tion of this partnership continued in inde- 
pendent practice. He has won standing 
in professional life, respect in the eyes of 
bench and bar, and confidence among a 
large clientele, whose causes he has rep- 
resented with success and ability. 

Mr. Hand has always participated in 
public and political afYairs, always as one 
interested in the welfare of city and party 
rather than as one desirous of personal 
prominence or position. For nine years 
he was a member of the Wilkes-Barre 
Board of Education, during that time 
serving one term as its president, and 
since 1884 he has been many times chair- 
man of the Luzerne county Republican 
committee. His political influence has 
been of value to his party, and for the 
strength and prestige of the Republican 
organization he has labored diligently 
and to good effect. In 1880 Mr. Hand be 



came a director of the Harry Hillman 
Academy, an office he held for many 
years, and for twenty years he occupied 
the same position in relation to the 
Wilkes-Barre Institute, being all of this 
time secretary of the board. In the pres- 
ent service of Mr. Hand to Lafayette Col- 
lege as trustee there is continued more 
than sixty years of association between 
that institution and his family. Lafayette 
has in him a friend and supporter whose 
interest and concern for her lofty place 
in the scholastic world has no limits, a 
son and champion upon whom she can 
always rely. Mr. Hand's professional 
activity has curtailed his business inter- 
ests, which are summed up in his direc- 
torship of the People's Bank, of Wilkes- 
Barre, and his treasurership of the Dolph 
Coal Company. For many years he was 
a trustee of the Presbyterian Church 
(First), of Wilkes-Barre. 

Isaac Piatt Hand married, May 3, 1871, 
Mary Lyman Richardson, daughter of 
John Lyman and Catharine (Heermans) 
Richardson, her father a well-known edu- 
cator and first superintendent of the Lu- 
zerne county schools. Mrs. Hand is a 
member of the First Presbyterian Church, 
the Wyoming Valley Chapter, Daughters 
of the American Revolution, the Society 
of Colonial Dames, the Wyoming His- 
torical and Geological Society, and is 
prominent in Wilkes-Barre's social life 
and in the philanthropic and educational 
work of the Wyoming Valley. Children : 
Kathleen ; Isaac Piatt, Jr., deceased ; Bay- 
ard, married Margaret Colton ; Laura, 
married Hamilton Farnham, deceased; 
Richardson ; Joseph Henry ; Emily, mar- 
ried Olin Derr ; and Philip Lyman. 



McALARNEY, Charles Wesley, 

Eminent liaipyer. 

Many years ago, when Mr. McAlarney 
was in active legal practice a contempo- 



2380 



I 




CHAS. \V. McALARNEY 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



rary said of him : "He is a safe counsellor, 
a zealous advocate, with the result of se- 
curing to himself the advantage of a large 
and constantly increasing clientage." As 
the years progressed he grew^ in power 
and rose to the front ranks of his profes- 
sion, known not only in his own county 
of Luzerne but to the legal fraternity 
throughout the State. The same con- 
temporary continues : "His temperament 
is of the conservative order, modified by 
only so much of the sanguine as is neces- 
sary to the prosecution of all work delib- 
erately undertaken. To the client who 
trusts him he is the soul of faithfulness, 
a fact that accounts in part for the lucra- 
tive practice he enjoys and for the grati- 
fying success that attends his efforts in 
the courts." To fidelity was added learn- 
ing, quick perception, zeal, and eloquent 
speech, all uniting in a most charming 
personality. His persuasive eloquence 
and convincing delivery was not confined 
to the court room, but in political cam- 
paigns he was one of Democracy's most 
sought for orators. No man was more 
highly esteemed and none possessed a 
more devoted circle of friends. 

Mr. McAlarney was a son of John Mc- 
Alarney, born December 8, 1805, in the 
parish of Streat, County Longford, Ire- 
land, died in Mififlinsburg, Pennsylvania, 
May 17, 1876. He came to the United 
States in 1819, a lad of fourteen years, 
found a home in Harrisburg, Pennsyl- 
vania, and there passed his youth acquir- 
ing an education. He taught school in 
early life then engaged in lumbering and 
manufacturing. He resided in Harris- 
burg, Milton, Selinsgrove, and Mififlins- 
burg, his death occurring in the last 
named town. He married Catherine Wil- 
son, born in Donegal township, Lancaster 
county, Pennsylvania, died in February, 
1891, daughter of Thomas Wilson, and 
granddaughter of Thomas Wilson, a de- 
scendant of an old Maryland family. 



Charles Wesley McAlarney, seventh 
child of John and Catherine (Wilson) 
McAlarney, was born in Mififlinsburg, 
Union county, Pennsylvania, December 
20, 1847, d'^d in Plymouth, Luzerne coun- 
ty, Pennsylvania, October i, 1904. He 
was educated in the public schools and 
Mififlinsburg Academy, pursuing a four 
years' course at the latter institution. He 
engaged in mercantile life in Lewisburg, 
Pennsylvania, for one year after leaving 
school, then for six years taught in the 
public schools. His elder brother, Joseph 
C. McAlarney, was then one of the fore- 
most young lawyers of the Dauphin 
county bar, another brother. Dr. William 
M. McAlarney, was a successful physician, 
and their influence or example no doubt 
decided Charles W. to adopt a profession. 
He began the study of law in the ofiflce of 
his brother, Joseph C, at Harrisburg, and 
under the preceptorship of that eloquent 
young pleader spent two years in hard 
legal study. On May 13, 1873, he passed 
the required examination successfully and 
was admitted to the Dauphin county bar. 
He continued in legal association with 
his brother, in Harrisburg, until 1875, 
then began independent practice in Plym- 
outh, becoming a m.ember of the Luzerne 
county bar, February 7, 1876. His rise 
at the bar was rapid, and soon his prac- 
tice was very large in Luzerne county 
courts, frequently calling him to argue 
cases in neighboring counties, the Su- 
preme Court of Pennsylvania and other 
States. He held to the strictest of legal 
ethics, was the soul of devotion to clients' 
interests, was highly esteemed by his pro- 
fessional brethren and fully trusted by 
those for whose rights he contended 
under the law. His arguments were 
models of clearness and eloquence, his 
facts fairly stated, his deductions drawn 
from the soundest legal basis. Cultured, 
eloquent, logical, and unfailingly courteous, 
he was an ideal advocate and a dangerous 



2381 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



opponent. "Safe and sound" could have 
been coined for him, so truly do those 
terms apply to his legal quality. 

A lifelong Democrat, he was a bulwark 
of strength to his party, and but for ' 
health would have accepted a proffered 
elevation to the county bench. He worked 
for party success in the council chamber 
and on the platform, his eloquence and 
popularity having turned the balance in 
close campaigns. He was a member ot 
the County and State Bar associations 
and among his hosts of friends none held 
him in more devoted esteem than those of 
his own profession. In 1904 he made an 
extended tour of the west, hoping to re- 
gain health and strength, but the vita! 
forces were exhausted and death came on 
October i of that year. He always cher- 
ished an affection for the town of his 
birth and the home of his youth, Mifflins- 
burg, and at his request he was there laii' 
at rest. 

Mr. McAlarney married, May 27, i8>^''i. 
Clara R. Shonk, who survives him, a resi- 
dent of Plymouth. Children : John, died 
in infancy, and Helen Amanda. 

Mrs. McAlarney is the youngest child 
of John J. Shonk, who died May i, 1904, 
aged eighty-nine years, one of the oldest 
and most highly respected citizens, of 
German descent paternally and of Welsh 
lineage maternally, his mother's family 
tracing to the year of 900. John and Dor- 
othy (Rosky) Shonk, both born in Ger- 
many, came to this country in 1790, set- 
tling at Mount Hope, Warren county. 
New Jersey. Michael Shonk, the second 
son of John and Dorothy Shonk, was 
born on the ocean in 1790, and until 1821 
lived with his parents at Mount Hope and 
there married. In 1821 he settled in 
Plymouth, Pennsylvania, where he lived 
the remainder of his life. John J. Shonk, 
second son of Michael Shonk, was born at 
Mount Hope, Warren county. New Jer- 



sey, March 21, 1815, died in Plymouth, 
Pennsylvania, May i, 1904. From boy- 
hood he was a worker, passing through 
all phases of a coal miner's life. In 1854 
he began in business for himself, was a 
lumberman, engaged in tanning, finally 
devoted himself to the operation of coal 
properties and became one of the largest 
operators of his day. He was also largely 
interested in railroad enterprises and was 
a member of the Pennsylvania House of 
Representatives. He was a man of large 
fortune, highest integrity, broad intelli- 
gence and public spirit, aiding all good 
causes and generous in his benefactions. 
He was a Republican in politics, a de- 
voted Methodist, and prominent in the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows. John 
J. Shonk married (third) Amanda, daugh- 
ter of Thomas Davenport, of French- 
Dutch lineage, who died December 8, 
1892, aged seventy-three years. Chil- 
dren: Albert D., George Washington, of 
whom further ; Elizabeth, married E. F. 
Stevens; and Clara R., married Charles 
Wesley McAlarney. 

George Washington Shonk, son of Hon. 
John J. and Amanda (Davenport) Shonk, 
was born in Plymouth, April 26, 1850, 
died August 14, 1900. He was educated 
at Wyoming Seminary, Kingston, Penn- 
sylvania, and Wesleyan University, Mid- 
dletown, Connecticut, class of '73. He 
read law in the office of the Hon. H. B. 
Payne, and was admitted to the bar, Sep- 
tember 29, 1876. Mr. Shonk was suc- 
cessful in business and legal practice, was 
a prominent Republican in his day and 
took active interest in the party's affairs. 
In 1880 he was chairman of the Repub- 
lican county committee and in 1890 was 
the Republican nominee for Congress and 
was elected over his Democratic oppo- 
nent, John B. Reynolds, notwithstanding 
the county was strongly Democratic, 
in which office he served with distinction 



2382 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and honor. On August 15, 1880, he mar- operations. In 1856 he returned to Plym- 



ried Ida E., daughter of Joseph Klotz, of 
West Pittston, by whom were two chil- 
dren : Herbert Bronson and Emily W. 



SNYDER, John T., 

Snccessfnl Business Man. 

The success that marked the life of 
John T. Snyder did not come from in- 
herited wealth, unusual opportunity, or 
fortunate speculation, but from natural 
ability, combined with industry, economy, 
good business management, and upright- 
ness. For thirty-five years he was en- 
gaged in the hardware business in Lu- 
zerne, Pennsylvania, and during that time 
he was rarely absent from his post of 
duty. He possessed a strong will and a 
strong m.ind, was ambitious, not to amass 
great wealth, but to transact an honorable 
business, to lead a clean life, and to merit 
the confidence of his fellowmen. He dealt 
justly with all, ordered his life according 
to Divine teachings, and when the end 
came he was ready. The good man leaves 
many invisible monuments to his memory, 
deeds of kindness, words of encourage- 
ment, a helping hand extended, and the 
memory of John T. Snyder is hallowed 
by many such. His life is an example to 
young men who would rise in the world 
upon the sure foundation of character, 
industry and economy, for these were the 
virtues upon which John T. Snyder built. 

This branch of the Snyder family came 
to Pennsylvania from New Jersey, George 
and Sarah (Robinson) Snyder, locating 
in the Wyoming Valley at a tim.e when 
settlers were few. Samuel Snyder, third 
son of George Snyder, was born in Plym- 
outh township, Luzerne county, Pennsyl- 
vania, March 31, 1826. The first twenty- 
five years of his life were there spent, 
farming being his occupation. In 185 1 he 
located at Lehman, Luzerne county, and 
there for five years engaged in lumbering 



outh and afterward went to Poke Hol- 
low, there engaging in mining enterprises. 
In 1868 he built a shop in Plymouth and 
there conducted a tinsmithing business 
for several years prior to his retirement. 
He prospered in his various activities and 
acquired extensive property interests in 
Plymouth. He married, April 22, 1848, 
Susan Rittisbaugh, who bore him five 
children : George R., Charles P., John T., 
of further mention; Stella S., and Cora H. 
John T. Snyder, son of Samuel and 
Susan (Rittisbaugh) Snyder, was born at 
Plymouth, Luzerne county, Pennsylva- 
nia, July 17, 1856, died at his home in 
Luzerne, in the same county, December 
30, 1914. He pursued courses of study in 
the public schools, then entered Wyo- 
ming Commercial College, and there com- 
pleted his educational preparation for the 
battle of life, graduating February 19, 
1874. He learned the trade of tinsmith 
and in 1878 opened an establishment in 
Luzerne, Pennsylvania, devoted to tin- 
smithing in all its branches and the sale 
of hardware. His beginning was modest, 
but by hard work and perseverance he 
gradually built up a good business that 
finally expanded to very large propor- 
tions, the largest of its nature in that sec- 
tion of Luzerne county. Outside of his 
hardware business he had many interests, 
one of which was the Luzerne Manufac- 
turing Company, builders of the Electric 
Lighting Rotary Coal and Rock Drilling 
Machines. He acquired large real estate 
holdings, and several years prior to his 
death erected the largest brick building 
in Luzerne, the home of the Honeywell 
Furniture Company, also the buildings of 
the First National Bank, the United 
States Post Office, Luzerne Hardware 
Company, Frantz & Son, grocers ; 
Haight's Drug Store, and the Haddock's 
Supply Company. He was public spirit- 
ed, aiding to bring prosperity to Luzerne 



2383 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



in every legitimate way, and as one of the 
most influential and prominent men of 
that section bore well his part. Mr. Sny- 
der was an attendant of the First Church 
of Christ (Scientist) and did a great deal 
for the promotion of that faith. He be- 
longed to the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, and was interested in all that 
pertained to the social and religious life 
of the town. 

He married, June 14, 1905, Agnes M. 
Llewellyn, daughter of David N. and 
Sarah (Phillip) Llewellyn, of Plymouth, 
Pennsylvania, of Welsh ancestry. Mrs. 
Snyder survives her husband with one 
daughter, Evelyn J. 



JENNINGS, William N., 

Octogenarian, Capitalist. 

A wonderful life is that of William N. 
Jennings, of Wilkes-Barre, octogenarian, 
traveler, successful lumberman and capi- 
talist. Wonderful in its beginning, in its 
achievement and in its present unusual 
activity. When a young man of twenty- 
one he made a wonderous journey by 
raft, railroad, packet boat, portage rail- 
road, steamer and ox team from his home 
in Mehoopany, Pennsylvania, to Nevada 
City, California. This journey took him 
by rail and river to St. Louis, Missouri, 
across the states of Kansas and Nebraska, 
before there was a farm house in either 
state ; along the Platte river valleys up 
the Sweetwater river valley, through the 
South Pass of the Rocky Mountains, 
across the Little and Big Sandy rivers, 
across the Green river desert to the Bear 
river at Soda Springs ; from the head- 
waters of the Humboldt to the Sink, then 
across the sixty miles of desert to the 
Truckee river and from the source of that 
river across the Sierra Nevada to Nevada 
City, having been four months on the 
journey and arriving September 15, 1850. 
California was admitted a state in that 



year, and shortly after his arrival Mr. 
Jennings cast his maiden vote for state 
officers and for a capital location. Four 
months more in California made his 
Pennsylvania home very attractive to his 
vision, and going to San Francisco he 
took passage in a sailing vessel for Pana- 
ma and home. Forty-one days later the 
vessel put into a Central American port, 
Reaiijo, where with several others he 
went ashore. From thence he journeyed 
by horseback to Grenada on Lake Nica- 
ragua, thence by small steamer to San 
Carlos, down the San Juan river in a 
dugout to Greytown, thence by steamer 
"Crescent City" to New York, calling at 
Kingston, Jamaica. From New York he 
proceeded to his Pennsylvania home, hav- 
ing been gone about one year. 

This wonderous journey was but the 
beginning of a long life of activity and 
success, but it gave him an experience, a 
breadth of vision, a conception of the 
greatness of his own land, of its people, 
its resources and its opportunities, that 
henceforth nothing small, nothing trivial, 
was worthy of his notice. He dealt 
largely and prospered abundantly, accu- 
mulated a fortune through his own 
efforts, and when the success he had so 
fairly won came to him, the spirit that 
sent him on a voyage of investigation to 
California led to more extended travels. 
He has visited nearly every state in the 
Union, the islands of the Carribean sea, 
England, and the countries of Conti- 
nental Europe, France, Belgium, Holland, 
Germany, Switzerland and Italy. Five 
states, Pennsylvania, New York , New 
Jersey, North Carolina, and Minnesota, 
have had his name among their owners 
of real estate and many places have 
known him as a resident. His principal 
business for many years was the manu- 
facture and sale of lumber and in this he 
was very successful. Now at the age of 
eighty-six years he has a wealth of ex- 



2384 




WILLIAM X. TENNINGS 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



perience in many lands, accumulated 
under varied conditions, to draw upon for 
the entertainment of his many friends, 
and a retrospective view accorded to few 
men. 

He is a son of Paul Bishop Jennings, 
born at Holt, Wiltshire, England, in July, 
1795, who, like his son, was a man who 
won fortune through his own tireless 
efiforts. He earned the money that 
brought him to this country ; worked his 
way to near Mauch Chunk, Pennsylvania, 
and there began lumbering operations as 
a hired hand. He became foreman of a 
gang of men putting logs into the Le- 
high ; then a small contractor in the same 
line ; moved to Luzerne county, bought a 
farm, grist and saw mill ; worked the 
timber on his purchase into lumber; 
finally owning a large cleared farm and 
general store at what is now North Me- 
hoopany, Wyoming county, Pennsylva- 
nia. He was a valued citizen of the town 
in which he lived and public-spirited to 
a marked degree. Originally a Democrat 
he voted for Abraham Lincoln and hence- 
forth acted with the Republican party. 
Both he and his wife were members of 
the Methodist Episcopal church. His 
wife, Elizabeth (Tuttle) Jennings, born 
in 1796, died in 1893, was the daughter of 
Joseph and Mary (Lee) Tuttle, her father 
a farmer and business man. They were 
married in 1826 and were the parents of 
seven children, three of whom died in 
early life. Two sons, Joseph T. and Wil- 
liam N., and daughters, Caroline and 
Mary Ann, all living to become the heads 
of families. Paul Bishop Jennings died in 
December, 1864. 

William N. Jennings, the second son of 
Paul Bishop Jennings, was born at Tut- 
tletown, Kingston, Pennsylvania (now 
Fortyfort), March 3, 1829. He was edu- 
cated in a public school and Wyoming 
Seminary, remaining his father's assistant 
until attaining his majority. He then de- 



termined to see something of the world 
he had studied about in school, the gold 
fever then raging in the east determining 
him to go to California. That wonderful 
journey previously outlined ended in 1851 
and brought him back to Pennsylvania, 
strong in his love for his native state. In 
185 1 he joined with his elder brother. 
Joseph T. Jennings, in the purchase of 
two thousand acres of timber lands at 
what is now Jenningsville, and in August, 
1852, under the firm name of Jennings 
Brothers built a saw mill and for several 
years was engaged in converting his 
timber into manufactured lumber, market- 
ing his product at lower Susquehanna 
river towns, rafting it down the river. 
To avoid this expense he came to West 
Pittston to market his lumber and there 
resided eight years. In the fall of 1865 
he moved to Wilkes-Barre, there continu- 
ing the same business, having for about 
three years Samuel H. Sturdevant as a 
partner. In the spring of 1871 he sus- 
tained a heavy loss by a cloud burst, 
which caused a flood that carried away 
several dams. He spent three years at 
Mehoopany repairing damages, returned 
to Wilkes-Barre in the fall of 1873 and 
there continued the sale of lumber with 
John Welles, as partner, until the spring 
of 1877. He spent a year at Tunkhan- 
nock, going in the spring of 1878 to Brad- 
ford, McKean county, Pennsylvania, the 
centre of the great oil boom. He was liv- 
ing there when Bradford was incorpo- 
rated a city, and there for three years was 
engaged in the manufacture and sale of 
lumber. He returned to Wilkes-Barre in 
1882, purchased a residence on West 
Union street which he has occupied until 
the present, save when on his many tours 
of travel, or at his summer home at 
Jersey Shore, Pennsylvania. His home is 
an ideal one in location, elegance and re 
finement, and was presided over by a 
gracious hostess, the devoted wife and 



2385 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



mother; host and hostess in former years 
particularly, there dispensing a charming 
hospitality to their host of friends by 
whom they were loved and respected. 

William N. Jennings married, Septem- 
ber 13, 1853, Sarah A. Hicks, born June 16, 
1830, died January i, 1911, daughter of 
Daniel and Eleanor (Sutphin) Hicks, who 
died when she was quite young. Mr. and 
Mrs. Jennings celebrated their golden 
wedding in 1903 and each recurring year 
until the death of Mrs. Jennings brought 
them the felicitations of their many 
friends. Children and grandchildren have 
made that home merry and yet gather 
there, but the three sons, Cortez Hicks, 
Bishop Worth, William L., and the 
adopted daughter, have all married and 
founded homes of their own, at distant 
points. Cortez Hicks Jennings is a suc- 
cessful lumberman and national bank 
president at Grantsville, Maryland. 
Bishop Worth Jennings is president of 
the Hendricks National Bank at Hen- 
dricks, West Virginia, a successful lum- 
berman at Jenningston, Tucker county, 
that state, a town built and owned exclu- 
sively by himself and brother; he was a 
member of the State Legislature two 
terms, refusing renomination. William L. 
Jennings is engaged in business with his 
brother in Jenningston. Eleanor Hicks, 
the adopted daughter, married Dr. N. A. 
Rinebolt and resides at Athens, Pennsyl- 
vania. 



WELLES, Theodore Ladd, 

Mining Engineer. 

In both paternal and maternal lines the 
branch of the Welles family of which 
Theodore L. Welles, of Wilkes-Barre, is 
representative, traces to the Puritan, Lieu- 
tenant John Hollister. Thomas Welles, 
the American ancestor, was a lineal de- 
scendant of the Essex branch of the 



Welles family in England, a family of 
"high rank in Normandy and England 
with royal intermarriages for several 
centuries." Thomas Welles came to New 
England in 1636, and became a man high 
in public position in Connecticut, holding 
every important position in the colony, 
was several times acting governor, deputy- 
governor, and governor, and at the time 
of his death, January 14, 1660, was deputy- 
governor and regarded as one of the 
wealthiest men in the colony. The line 
of descent is through Samuel Welles, 
fourth son of Governor Thomas Welles ; 
his son. Captain Samuel Welles ; his son, 
Thomas Welles ; his son, John Welles ; 
his son, George W^elles, the pioneer of the 
family in northern Pennsylvania, 1798; 
his son, Charles Fisher Welles, a promi- 
nent man of his day; his son. Rev. Dr. 
Henry Hunter Welles, a minister of the 
Presbyterian church, father of Theodore 
L. Welles, of Wilkes-Barre. 

George Welles married Prudence Tal- 
cott, a descendant of Lieutenant John 
Hollister, whose daughter, Elizabeth, 
married Samuel Welles, the two lines 
revmiting in the marriage of George 
Welles and Prudence Talcott. The Tal- 
cotts, Holyokes, and Pynchons were re- 
lated by marriage, these families all being 
among the earliest settlers of the Con- 
necticut Valley. George Welles, the Penn- 
sylvania ancestor, came in 1798, died in 
Athens, Pennsylvania, June 20, 1813. a 
man of influence, of strong and upright 
character. His second son, Charles Fisher 
Welles, born in Glastonbury. Connecticut, 
November 5, 1789, died at Wyalusing, 
Pennsylvania, September 23, 1866. He 
married Ellen Jones Hollenback. daugh- 
ter of Matthias and Sarah (Burritt) Hol- 
lenback. Charles F.Welles was prothono- 
tary, clerk of courts, register and recorder 
of Bradford county when it was first or- 
ganized, was active in politics, and part 



2386 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



owner of the "Bradford Gazette." In his 
later years he devoted himself to farming 
and the management of his private estate. 

Rev. Henry Hunter Welles, D. D., third 
son of Charles Fisher Welles, was born at 
VVyalusing, Pennsylvania, September 15, 
1824, died at Fortyfort, Pennsylvania, 
September 24, 1902. He was a graduate 
of Princeton College, class of 1844, 
studied theology at Princeton Theological 
Seminary, and was ordained a minister of 
the gospel by the Presbytery of Susque- 
hanna, August 29, 1850. He was installed 
pastor of the Kingston Church, June 12, 
185 1, and for twenty years he was its 
spiritual head, the first and only pastorate 
he ever held. From 1871 he was active in 
ministerial work in various fields, where- 
ever duty called him, and during his 
active life of more than fifty years was 
never idle. Only three members of the 
large Presbytery of which he was so long 
a member exceeded him in length of serv- 
ice. He was the first stated clerk of the 
Presbytery of Lackawanna, founded the 
Sunday school from which sprang a pros- 
perous church, and was ever engaged in 
the Master's work. He was president of 
the Alumni Association of the Princeton 
Theological Seminary, a member of the 
Wyoming Historical and Geological So- 
ciety, and during his years, seventy-eight, 
was the manly gentleman and Christian, 
greatly beloved and highly honored. The 
degree of Doctor of Divinity was be- 
stowed upon him by Lafayette College in 
1899. He married, October 12, 1849, 
Ellen Susanna, daughter of General 
Samuel G. Ladd, of Farmington, Maine. 
Children: Henry Hunter (2), a lawyer; 
Theodore Ladd, of further mention, and 
Charlotte Rose. 

Theodore Ladd Welles, second son of 
Rev. Dr. Henry Hunter and Ellen Su- 
sanna (Ladd) Welles, was born at Forty- 
fort, Pennsylvania, November 2, 1862. He 
obtained his preparatory education in the 



public schools, the Hill School, at Potts- 
town, and Wilkes-Barre Academy. He 
entered Princeton University, but with- 
drew to matriculate at Lafayette College, 
whence he was graduated mining engi- 
neer, class of '84. After graduation he 
entered the engineering office of Major 
Irving A. Stearns, continuing until Octo- 
ber I, 1885, then accepting an engineering 
position with the Lackawanna Coal and 
Iron Company. In July, 1886, he re- 
signed to become engineer with the Clear- 
field Bituminous Coal Company, remain- 
ing in Clearfield until 1890, then returned 
to Wilkes-Barre as mining engineer for 
the Hollenback Coal Company, remain- 
ing in that employ tor nine years, during 
four of which he was also superintendent 
of the Kidder Coal Company. In 1899 he 
became superintendent of the New Mexico 
Fuel Company, with headquarters at 
Capitan, New Mexico, but after one year 
he returned to Clearfield as manager of 
the O'Shanter Coal Company, in 1901 be- 
coming superintendent of the United Ba- 
rium Company, of Niagara Falls, New 
York. During his stay at Clearfield Mr. 
Welles, in addition to his duties as man- 
ager of the O'Shanter mine, conducted 
a general engineering business and was 
engineer of the borough of Clearfield in 
1901-02. On July 4, 1904, he began his 
partnership with H. S. Smith to engage 
in engineering operations, again locating 
in Wilkes-Barre, with offices in the Coal 
Exchange Building. Smith & Welles are 
well-known and highly rated as civil and 
mining engineers, transact a large busi- 
ness, and have performed a great deal of 
work highly creditable to their profes- 
sional ability. Mr. Welles is a member of 
the American Institute of Mining Engi- 
neers, the Engineering Society of Penn- 
sylvania, the National Geographical So- 
ciety, the Wyoming Historical and Geo- 
logical Society, Landmark Lodge, No. 
442, Free and Accepted Masons, and the 
387 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Westmoreland Club, of Wilkes-Barre, 
Pennsylvania. 

He married, October 29, 1890, Katharine 
A., daughter of John F. and Rebecca 
(Reed) Weaver ; their children are : Theo- 
dore Ladd, Jr., born April 15, 1892, is a 
graduate of Cornell University, class of 
1913, degree of Civil Engineer, and is 
now in the engineering department. State 
Board of Health, Harrisburg, Pennsylva- 
nia ; Ellen R.. born December 19, 1894; 
John W., born August 30, 1896; and Carol 
E., born December 29, 1898. 



LOEB, August B., 

Financier, Philanthropist. 

By far the greater part of the years of 
Mr. Loeb's valuable life was spent in 
Philadelphia, where he was known as the 
honorable upright banker, the open hand- 
ed philanthropist, the hospitable host and 
genial companion. For about a quarter 
of a century he was a member of the offi- 
cial board of the Tradesmen's National 
Bank, and as president of that institution 
was well and favorably known to the 
world of finance. For thirty-five years 
treasurer and director of the Jewish Hos- 
pital, he gave to that philanthropy valu- 
able, unselfish service ; how valuable and 
how unselfish may best be realized by a 
knowledge of the fact that it was largely 
through his efforts that several large ad- 
ditions to the group of buildings compris- 
ing the hospital were made possible. One 
of these buildings, the Mathilde Adler 
Loeb Dispensary, stands as a memorial 
to his wife, who died in 1875. 

August B. Loeb, son of Benjamin and 
Babette Loeb, was born at Rhein Hassen, 
Germany, June 16, 1841, and died at his 
summer home, Ventnor, below Atlantic 
City, New Jersey, August 23, 191 5. He 
became a resident of Philadelphia at an 
early age, there obtaining a good educa- 
tion in the public schools. He became' 



associated in business with his brother,-^ 
Edward and Aloses, and for several years 
prior to 1888 was engaged with them in 
the manufacture of cream of tartar in 
Jersey City, and in the wholesale leather 
business in Philadelphia, with offices on 
Arch street. He retired from active busi- 
ness about 1890. He was for many years 
the intimate friend of George H. Earle, 
Jr., the banker, and on his advice and 
suggestion Mr. Loeb in April, 1893, be- 
came a director of the Finance Company 
of Pennsylvania. In 1895 he became a 
director, and shortly thereafter vice-presi- 
dent of the Tradesmen's National Bank 
of Philadelphia, his life from that time 
forward being intimately connected with 
that and other financial institutions of his 
city. 

It was the Tradesmen's National Bank, 
however, with which he was most closely 
connected, his service on the board of di- 
rectors extending over a period of twenty 
years, and as president from January, 
1910, until his death. Other financial and 
business corporations that availed them- 
selves of his well demonstrated man- 
agerial ability, and with which he served 
as director were the Market Street Na- 
tional Bank, the Finance Company of 
Pennsylvania, the Real Estate Trust 
Company, and the South Chester Tube 
Company. He was a wise and capable 
banker, thoroughly understanding the 
laws governing finance, and closely fol- 
lowing those laws in all his banking oper- 
ations. 

In 1906 he succeeded John M. Mack on 
the directorate of the Philadelphia Rapid 
Transit Company, serving as a member 
of that board until the fall of 1910, when 
he resigned six months after the retire- 
ment of his friend, George H. Earle, Jr., 
as municipal representative on the board. 

Mr. Loeb's official connection with the 
Jewish Hospital began in 1878 as chair- 
man of the executive committee of the 



2388 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



board of directors. In 1880 he was elect- 
ed treasurer, and in that office and as 
director he served most faithfully, hi^ 
efforts in behalf of the institution termi- 
nating only with his death. He was able 
to accomplish a great deal for the benefit 
of the hospital, that perhaps being the 
public cause that lay nearest his heart, 
although he was interested in many other 
philanthropies. He was a Republican in 
politics; his club, the Mercantile. 

Mr. Loeb married, in Philadelphia, Au- 
gust 2, 1868, Mathilde Adler, who died 
July 7, 1875. The following children sur- 
vive: Mrs. S. Selig, Mrs. Albert Wolf, 
Oscar D. Loeb, and Howard A. Loeb. 



LOEB, Howard A., 

Man of Affair*. 

On August 27, 191 5, Howard A. Loeb 
was elected president of the Tradesmen's 
Nation"! Bank, of Philadelphia, that office 
havmg been left vacant by the death of 
his father, August B. Loeb. Although 
one of Philadelphia's youngest bank 
presidents, Mr. Loeb is eminently quali- 
fied to fill this position, as he had been a 
member of the board of directors for sev- 
eral years, and served as vice-president 
for eight years previous to his election 
to the presidency. 

Howard A. Loeb was born in Philadel- 
phia, July 25, 1873, son of August B. and 
Mathilde (Adler) Loeb. He was educated 
at the Friends' Central School until he 
entered the University of Pennsylvania. 
There, after a five years' course in me- 
chanical and electrical engineering, he 
was graduated with the class of 1893, re- 
ceiving the degree of Bachelor of Science 
in 1893 and that of Mechanical Engineer 
in 1894. Soon after graduation he was 
made a member of the firm of Francis 
Bros. & Jellett, consulting and construct- 
ing engineers, with whom he remained 
until 1907, at which time he took up the 



duties of vice-president of the Trade.'^- 
men's National Bank, and assisted hi- 
father in the management of that institu- 
tion, continuing as such until his election 
to the presidency, August 27, 1915. 

Mr. Loeb has other important business 
connections. He is a director and mem- 
ber of the executive committee of the Se- 
curities Corporation General, chairman of 
the executive committee of the Kentuck;. 
Traction and Terminal Company, of Lex- 
ington, Kentucky, and of the Pennsyl- 
vania Lighting Company, of Shamokin, 
and is also a director in a number of in- 
dustrial corporations. 

Mr. Loeb married, in Philadelphin , 
March 16, 1897, Hortense Fleisher. 



STEGMAIER, George J., 

Prominent Business Man. 

Prominently identified with the busi- 
ness and public life of Wilkes-Barre, 
Pennsylvania, during his entire mature 
life George J. Stegmaier left behind him 
the record of a most useful busy life. His 
business activity was shown in the many 
enterprises with which he was officially 
connected, and his public service in the 
important offices he held through the 
votes of his fellow citizens ; while his 
social humane nature is best testified to 
by his connection with many social or- 
ganizations, the fire department, Mercy 
Hospital, and the fact that no call upon 
his synipathy was ever made in vain. He 
was one of the world's workers, and to 
the Stegmaiers, father and sons, Wilkes- 
Barre is indebted for much of her indus- 
trial prosperity. 

George J. was a son of Charles Steg- 
maier, who was born in Gmund, Wiirt- 
temberg, Germany. October 7, 1821, died 
in Los Angeles, California, August 11, 
1906. At the age of fifteen years Charles 
Stegmaier was apprenticed to a brewer, 
became an expert, and until 1849 followed 



23S9 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



his calling in his native land. In the 
latter year he came to the United States, 
where he found employment with the 
brewing firm of Engle & Wolf, of Phila- 
delphia, Pennsylvania. He remained in 
Philadelphia until 1851, then engaged 
with John Reichard, who sent him to 
Wilkes-Barre, where he superintended the 
brewing of the first German lager made in 
the Wyoming Valley. Later he was in the 
employ of George Lauer in Pottsville, 
Pennsylvania, but in 1857 he returned to 
Wilkes-Barre, where he began business 
for himself in a small brewing plant on 
Hazel street. He was successful, and 
later formed a partnership with George C. 
Baer, under the firm nam,e Baer & Steg- 
maier. The panic of 1873 brought about 
the financial downfall of the firm, but 
soon afterward Mr. Stegmaier resumed 
business with his son. Christian J., as 
partner, under the firm name of Steg- 
maier & Son. The former prosperity of 
the firm was soon regained, and the busi- 
ness so largely increased that in 1895 the 
Stegmaier Brewing Company was incor- 
porated with Charles Stegmaier as its 
first president, an office he held until his 
death. He was most progressive in his 
methods, and was not only a successful 
business man, but kindly hearted, charita- 
ble, and public-spirited. He loved the 
Fatherland, but he fully imbibed the spirit 
and principles of his adopted land, and 
was an American to the core. He had 
many business interests of importance, 
and at his death was a director of the 
First National Bank, of Wilkes-Barre. 
He married, February 4, 1852, at St. 
Mary's parsonage, Wilkes-Barre, Rever- 
end E. A. Shaughnessey officiating, Kath- 
leen Baer, who bore him five children : 
Charles J., Christian E., George J., Fred 
J. and Louise. Two of the sons survive, 
Charles J. and Christian E., both resi- 
dents of Wilkes-Barre. The daughter. 



Louise, married Philip Forve, of Los An- 
geles, California. 

George J., son of Charles and Kathleen 
(Baer) Stegmaier, was born in Wilkes- 
Barre, Pennsylvania, April 4, 1858, died 
in Karlsbad, Austria, May 20, 1910. He 
was educated in St. Nicholas' Parochial 
School, Wilkes-Barre, and at Wyoming 
Seminary, Kingston, completing his stud- 
ies a graduate of the latter institution. 
He began his active business life as an 
apprentice in the Ashley shops of the 
New Jersey Central Railroad, and con- 
tinued in the shops of the Pennsylvania 
railroad at Altoona, but later abandoned 
mechanical work to become associated 
with his father, beginning as bookkeeper. 
Later he became a partner in the firm of 
C. Stegmaier & Son, and after the incor- 
poration of the Stegmaier Brewing Com- 
pany became secretary, a position he held 
at the time of his death. He was closely 
associated with his brothers in the many 
enterprises that have made the Stegmaier 
name noted and held in high esteem for 
liberality, public spirit, and many manly 
qualities. For a time he was half owner 
of the Wilkes-Barre "News ;" was a direc- 
tor of the First National Bank ; director 
of the Susquehanna Brewing Company, 
president of the Stegmaier Realty Com- 
pany, director of the Fenwick Lumber 
Company, and a large stockholder in the 
Wales Adding Machine Company. With 
his brothers and Abram Nesbitt he suc- 
cessfully resisted the efforts to absorb the 
last company, and retained it as an inde- 
pendent plant for Wilkes-Barre. From 
early manhood Mr. Stegmaier took a deep 
interest in political affairs, became one of 
the local leaders of the Democratic party, 
and during the years 1888-89 represented 
his district in the Pennsylvania House of 
Assembly, serving on important commit- 
tees. He also served his city as treasurer, 
and was one of the strong, influential men 
of his party. 



2390 




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ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



For sixteen years he was an active 
member of the fire department, and for 
two years its efficient chief. He was one 
of the principal founders of the Wilkes- 
Barre Baseball Club, was a prominent 
figure in the Luzerne County Fair Asso- 
ciation, and for many years was president 
of the Wilkes-Barre Driving Club. Fra- 
ternally, he was connected with the Be- 
nevolent and Protective Order of Elks, 
and the Eagles, and was a member of the 
Press Club and the Concordia Society, of 
Wilkes-Barre. He was in poor health for 
some time, and in the spring of 1910, with 
his wife and children went to Karlsbad, 
Austria, in the hope of benefit, and there 
died. He was a member of St. Nicholas 
Roman Catholic Church, a liberal and de- 
voted friend of that organization. 

The following resolutions were adopted 
by the directors of the First National 
Bank, of Wilkes-Barre, and are a true ex- 
pression of the high regard in which Mr. 
Stegmaier was held : 



Whereas, It has pleased the Almighty God to 
have removed from our midst the Honorable 
George J. Stegmaier, a member of our board of 
directors; it therefore becomes our sad duty to 
note his death upon our minutes as a tribute to 
his memory. 

George J. Stegraair, who died at Karlsbad, 
Austria, May 20, 1910, was among the foremost 
of our townsmen. No man was more strongly 
wedded to the welfare of our city; to him Wilkes- 
Barre was the queen of cities and her people the 
choicest of citizens. Every deserving effort to 
enlarge the industries of his native city met with 
his heartiest support. He had a lovable disposi- 
tion, he was a great friend of the poor, he was a 
loyal husband and fond father, he was a good 
citizen and an honest man. He died in the prime 
of his life and in the midst of his usefulness. No 
man ever died in our city with more friends and 
less enemies, except, perhaps, his lamented father. 
Therefore be it 

Resolved — First, That as members of this board 
we keenly appreciate the loss we have sustained 
in the death of Mr. Stegmaier — his judgment at 
the board was always wholesome and his kindly 
presence was ever greatly enjoyed. 



Second, We sympathize sincerely and deeply 
with his grief-stricken wife and children and com- 
mend them to the care of their Heavenly Father, 
to whom they can and will look for consolation 
in their great sorrow. 

Third, That a copy of this preamble and these 
resolutions be neatly engrossed and transmitted to 
the widow and children of the deceased. 

WnLiAM S. McLean, President. 

Mr. Stegmaier married, January i 1889, 
Mary Costello, daughter of Patrick and 
Mary (O'Malley) Costello, who survives 
him, a resident of Wilkes-Barre. Chil- 
dren: Kathleen, George J. (2), Christian 
E., and Edward C. 



McCORMICK, Thomas, 
Prominent Bridge Building Contractor. 



An unknown young man when in 1867 
he first came to Easton, now president of 
the Smith-McCormick Company, con- 
tractors, and a man of recognized stand- 
ing in his community, Mr. McCormick 
can review his long, energetic and honor- 
able life with that satisfaction which the 
self-made man alone may feel in his 
achievement. 

Thomas McCormick, son of Hugh and 
Bridget (Corrigan) McCormick, was born 
in Ireland, March 12, 1844, and there 
obtained his education, learned his trade, 
and lived until twenty. Going to London, 
he was employed on important construc- 
tion work for three years, and then in 
1867 he came to the United States, find- 
ing his way to Easton, where he secured 
employment with James Smith, a country- 
man who was then coming into promi- 
nence as a railroad contractor. Mr. Mc- 
Cormick was a skilled stone mason, and 
it was not long until he attracted the 
favorable attention of Mr. Smith, who 
promoted him foreman and entrusted him 
with responsible duty. In due time Mr. 
McCormick engaged in business for him- 
self, forming partnership with Peter Mon- 
ahan and Edward McHale, and as Mc- 
2391 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Cormick & Monahan, he was active in the 
construction of many important railroad 
structures. 

Later he again became associated with 
Mr. Smith as a partner, and as Smith & 
McCormick they conducted important 
operations all over the Eastern and Mid- 
dle States. Bridges of their construction 
span the Susquehanna, Delaware, Rari- 
tan, Connecticut, and other rivers of the 
eastern part of the United States, while 
contracts for important construction have 
been carried to successful completion for 
all the important trunk lines east of the 
Mississippi. In later years they incorpo- 
rated as the Smith-McCormick Company, 
Mr. Smith retiring in favor of his sons, 
and Mr. McCormick becoming president 
of the company, founded on a business 
with which he has been identified for 
forty-eight years. The bridge of the 
Delaware, Lackawanna and Western rail- 
road, spanning the Delaware river near 
the Delaware Water Gap, is one of the 
monuments to the skill and ability of the 
company, a work that at the time of its 
completion was one of the marvels of 
constructive engineering, as it was then 
the largest of its kind in the United 
States. 

From prominence as a contractor, Mr. 
McCormick naturally has gravitated to 
other lines of business activity. He is a 
director of the Northampton National 
Bank, of Easton, and has other large in- 
terests. His peculiar ability, however, 
was the faculty of handling large forces 
of workmen in a manner that earned their 
good-will and in directing their energies 
so that the best results were obtained. 
He has ever been the man of energy but 
with the years he has surrendered the 
heavier burdens of business and in com- 
fort and ease is enjoying the fruits of his 
years of activity and eflfort. He possesses 
a wealth of friends, is genial, generous 



and charitable, a man whom all respect, 
and one whom everybody likes. 

In politics he is a Democrat, and runs 
true to the traditions of his race in his 
love and interest in civic affairs. He is 
a member of St. Bernard's Roman Cath- 
olic Church, and a liberal supporter of 
its varied departments of service. 

Mr. McCormick married, at Brooklyn, 
New York, in 1876, Anna Byrne, daugh- 
ter of John Byrne, of Newtown, County 
Longford, Ireland. They are the parents 
of four children : Zelia, born in 1877, and 
died at the age of four years and nine 
months; Thomas (2), died in 1914; James 
S., engaged with his father in the con- 
tracting business, and a member of the 
Smith-McCormick Company ; Emily, 
married Dr. Morganstern, a practicing 
physician of Easton. 



LEES, Henry, 

Prominent Bnsineis Man. 

For over half a century Henry Lees, of 
Plymouth, has been a resident of that 
town, and in point of usefulness no native 
son has a prouder record. His residence 
in Plymouth has been continuous since 
1862, with the exception of four years 
spent in the gold mines of Montana. Dur- 
ing the years since his return from the 
west he has been continuously engaged 
in business, and no worthy enterprise has 
ever failed to receive his support if the 
advancement of Plymouth's interests was 
its object. Now president of the First 
National Bank, of Plymouth, he has prac- 
tically retired from active participation in 
other lines and devotes himself to the en- 
joyments so richly deserved. Not alone 
have Plymouth's business interests felt 
the touch of his strong hand, but church 
and charity have always received his gen- 
erous support. In fact, there is no inter- 
est of the city but has benefited by his 



2392 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



generous, whole-hearted activity, and no 
man has more thoroughly gained the re- 
spect of his community. 

Henry Lees was born in Somercotes, 
Nottinghamshire, England, February 14, 
1841, son of George and Anna (Ashley) 
Lees, both of English birth and ancestry. 
He was educated and grew to manhood in 
his native land, but upon attaining his 
majority in 1862 came to the United 
States, locating in Plymouth, Pennsyl- 
vania, where he engaged in coal mining. 
Later he went to the State of Montana 
and for four years worked in the gold 
mines in the vicinity of Helena. He had 
accumulated some capital from his earn- 
ings and at the end of five years returned 
to Plymouth and opened a gentleman's 
clothing and merchant tailoring establish- 
ment. He prospered abundantly, built up 
a large business, and for thirty-one years 
remained in the same field, becoming the 
leader in his particular line. During these 
years he acquired other large interests 
and as stockholder and official was inter- 
ested in every worthy Plymouth enter- 
prise, street railroads, water works, fac- 
tories, and the like. In 1905 he was 
elected a director of the First National 
Bank, of Plymouth, was for several years 
its vice-president, and in 1914 was elected 
president. He developed unusually strong 
qualities as a business man, but could the 
mainspring of his character be named, it 
would be integrity. He won respect and 
confidence by his straightforward meth- 
ods, and with confidence established suc- 
cess was assured. His rise in life has been 
earned step by step, not by a lucky turn 
-of the wheel of fortune, but industry and 
constant willingness to accept an oppor- 
tunity playing an important part. 

Mr. Lees is a devoted member of the 
Methodist Episcopal church, and for fifty 
years has been a member of the Plymouth 
congregation, serving as superintendent 
of the Sunday school for twenty-five 



years, and is now president of the board 
of trustees. His purse and his business 
experience have been freely given to the 
church of his love, and the general chari- 
table and philanthropic institutions of the 
borough have likewise profited through 
his broad-minded outlook on life. In poli- 
tics he is an Independent, not bound by 
party ties, but an earnest supporter of 
men and measures that accord with his 
ideas of fitness, independence not mean- 
ing for him indifference. He is a mem- 
ber of the Masonic order, affiliated with 
Plymouth Lodge, No. 332, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, and Wyoming Valley 
Chapter, No. 214, Royal Arch Masons, 
tie is an interested member of the Wyo- 
.ning Historical and Geological Society, 
and of other bodies of local importance. 

Mr. Lees married, January 25, 1872, 
Lorinda Davenport, born in Plymouth, 
October 12, 1838, died December 19, 1913, 
daughter of Oliver and Lydia (Ransom) 
Davenport, a descendant of Captain Sam- 
uel Ransom, a gallant officer of the Revo- 
lution who gave up his life at the battle 
of Wyoming. 

Dr. Rush Oliver Lees, only child of 
Henry and Lorinda (Davenport) Lees, 
was born in Plymouth, Pennsylvania, De- 
cember 15, 1873. He obtained his pre- 
paratory education in the public schools 
and Wyoming Seminary, chose medicine 
is his profession, and after a full course 
m the medical department of Harvard 
University was graduated M. D. He 
spent the six months following his gradu- 
ation in the Massachusetts General Hos- 
pital, then for one and one-half years was 
resident physician of the Pittston General 
Hospital, Pittston, Pennsylvania. Jour- 
neying abroad for two years he pursued 
a course of study in Vienna under the 
great specialist. Dr. Lorenz, and pre- 
pared for special practice. On his return 
to the United States he located in Utica, 
New York, where he has won renown as 



2393 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



a specialist in diseases of the nose, eye, 
,ear and throat. His skill and authorita- 
tive knowledge have gained him a reputa- 
tion more than local, and his devotion to 
his profession has been productive of 
valuable results. Dr. Lees is married and 
has a daughter, Norma Lees. 



STIEREN, Edward, 

Ophthalmologist, Author. 

Dr. Edward Stieren, one of Pitts- 
burgh's prominent ophthalmologists, is a 
representative of an old Western Penn- 
sylvania family which has given many 
useful citizens to the Keystone State. The 
history of the American branch of the 
race is traced below. 

Edward Stieren, grandfather of Ed- 
ward Stieren, of Pittsburgh, was born in 
1802, in Hanover, Germany, and after re- 
ceiving the usual preliminary training en- 
tered the University of Goettingen, from 
which he graduated in 1826, receiving his 
degree in medicine. Several years later 
the University of Erlangen, in Bavaria, 
conferred upon him, the degree of Doctor 
of Philosophy. In 1843 Dr. Stieren re- 
ceived an appointment from the Russian 
government as director of the chemical 
works in Poland, and later he entered into 
partnership as chief chemist with a num- 
ber of capitalists who controlled the 
saline springs at Frankenhausen, Thur- 
ingia. The object was the extensive man- 
ufacture of chemicals, and Dr. Stieren 
amassed a considerable fortune which he 
subsequently lost by the intriguing of his 
partners. In 1850 he emigrated to the 
United States taking out his naturaliza- 
tion papers six years later, and for twn 
years filled the position of superintend- 
ing chemist in chemical works at Frank- 
ford, near Philadelphia. Subsequently he 
went to East Tarentum, now Natrona, 
where he inaugurated the soda works as 
its first chemist, putting it on a practical 



and scientific basis. While thus engaged 
he made several important discoveries 
which are now in every-day use in com- 
mercial chemistry. Dr. Stieren, as his 
loss of fortune showed, did not excel as 
a business man, his mind being essen- 
tially a scientific one. He was a prolific 
writer for scientific journals, both domes- 
tic and foreign, and compiled several 
works on chemistry, the most noted being 
his "Chemische Fabrik." Dr. Stieren 
married, in 1828, at Salzgitter, Amalia 
Pillman,and in 1837 removed to Schoene- 
beck, taking a position as chemist in the 
extensive chemical works in that town 
and presumably retaining it until receiv- 
ing his appointment from the Russian 
government. On March 27, 1863, Dr. 
Stieren passed away. On his tombstone 
in Prospect Cemetery, Tarentum, is the 
following epitaph : "A Man of Justice, 
Truth and Merit, His Faith was : Injure 
no one, fear God, walk humbly and be 
kind to your fellow creatures." 

(II) William, Edward Stieren, son of 
Edward and Amalia (Pillman) Stieren 
was born May 27, 1836, at Salzgitter, Ger- 
many, and married Helen Schenck, whose 
ancestral record is appended to this biog- 
raphy. He was a manufacturer of scien- 
tific instruments and one of Pittsburgh's 
most respected and progressive citizens. 

(HI) Dr. Edward Stieren, son of Wil- 
liam Edward and Helen (Schenck) Stier- 
en, was born December 15, 1873, in Pitts- 
burgh, and received his education in the 
public schools and at the Western Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, receiving his de- 
gree of Bachelor of Science in 1893. He 
studied medicine in the Western Penn- 
sylvania Medical College (now the Medi- 
cal Department of the University of Pitts- 
burgh), from which he graduated in 1896. 
He afterward did post-graduate work at 
Johns Hopkins University, and then spent 
a year in Vienna and Berlin, pursuing 
special courses of study. 



2394 





^-t. -f 




£^. fy£-^.»^S>ms ^--Sr, 



'^^-^^^r.^tS. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



On his return home Dr. Stieren estab- 
lished himself in Pittsburgh as an oph- 
thalmologist, and has ever since foUowcJ 
that line of practice, rising steadily into 
well deserved prominence and winnii., 
the implicit confidence both of the profes- 
sion and the public. He is ophthalmic 
surgeon to the Passavant and South Sid 
Hospitals, and was, following the Spanish- 
American War, Assistant Surgeon in the 
Eighteenth Regiment, Pennsylvania Na- 
tional Guard. Despite the strenuous de- 
mands of his large practice Dr. Stieren's 
pen has not been idle. Following is a list 
of the articles which he has from time to 
time contributed to medical journals : 

(1) Oedematous Changes in the Epithelium of 
the Cornea in a case of Uveitis following Gonor- 
rheal Ophthalmia. Johns Hopkins Hospital Bul- 
letin, December, 1898. 

(2) A report of two cases of Metastatic Chor- 
oiditis occurring in Children following Measles. 
Penna. Medical Journal, January, 1900. 

(3) A case of Jamaica Ginger Amblyopia. 
Ibid, September, 1900. 

(4) Tubercular Dacryoadenitis and Conjuncti- 
vitis. Johns Hopkins Hospital Bulletin, Novem- 
ber, 1901. 

(5) Gumma of the Ciliary Body. Penna. Medi- 
cal Journal, November, 1901. 

(6) Syphilis of the Eye. International CHnics, 
Vol. HI, 1902. 

(7) A case of Phlyctenular Keratitis complica- 
ting Small-Pox. Penna. Medical Journal, No- 
vember, 1902. 

(8) Congenital absence of both Inferior Recti 
Muscles. American Medicine, April II, 1903. 

(9) Cystadenoma of the Lachrymal Gland. 
Transactions American Ophthalmological Society, 
Vol. X, II, 323, 1904. 

(10) Traumatic Rupture of the Choroid. Jour- 
nal of the Association of Military Surgeons of 
the United States, 1904. 

(11) Acquired Hydrophthalmus. American 
Medicine, April 2, 1904. 

(12) Removal of the Crystalline Lens in High 
Myopia. Penna. Medical Journal, September, 
1904. 

(13) Carbolic Acid and Ammonia Bums of the 
Eye. Ophthalmic Record, November, 1904. 

(14) A case of Acquired Cyst of the Conjunc- 



tiva containing an Embryonic Tooth-like Struc- 
ture. Johns Hopkins Hospital Bulletin, Septem- 
ber, 1905. 

(15) Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus. Penna. 
Medical Journal, February, 1906. 

(16) Eye Injuries. Ibid, June, 1906. 

(17) Hyperopia of 21 diopters simulating My- 
opia. Ophthalmic Record, September, 1906. 

(18) A study in Atavistic Descent of Con- 
genital Cataract through four generations. Ibid, 
May, 1907. 

(19) The treatment of Ulcer of the Cornea, 
Penna. Medical Journal, June, 1907. 

(20) Sympathetic Ophthalmia. Ibid, October, 
1907. 

(21) Surgical interference in Choked Disc. 
Ophthalmic Record, March, 1908. 

(22) Trachoma. A Social Disease. Penna. 
Medical Journal, February, 1909. 

{2;^) Double Choked Disc from increased In- 
tracranial Pressure. Penna. Medical Journal, 
Vol. 14. 

(24) Gliosarcoma of Retina with Recurrence in 
Antrum qf Highmore. Penna. Medical Journal, 
Vol. 17. 

(25) Metastatic Choroiditis. Penna. Medical 
Journal, Vol. 17. 

(26) Enucleation with Transplantation of Fat 
into Orbit. Journal A. M. A., Vol. 23. 

(27) Blepharochalasis. Trans. Amer. Oph. 
Soc, Vol. 13. 

(28) Management of Foreign Bodies in Eye 
and Orbit. Ophthalmic Record, Vol. 22. 

(29) Salvarsan in Ophthalmology. Ophthalmic 
Record, Vol. 24. 

(30) EHslocation of Lens into Vitreous. Oph- 
thalmic Record, VoL 24. 

(31) Chemical Burn of Eye from Indelible 
Pencil. Ophthalmic Record, Vol. 24. 

(32) Glioma of Retina. Report of Three 
Cases. Ophthalmic Record, Vol. 19. 

(33) The Pupil in Health and Disease. Penna. 
Medical Journal, Vol. 15. 

(34) Ocular Findings in Hereditary Syphilis. 
Ophthalmic Record, Vol. 20. 

(35) Pemphigus of the Conjunctiva. Trans. 
Amer. Oph. Soc, 1915. 

(36) Glaucoma wdth Atrophy of the Iris. 
Penna. Medical Journal, Vol. 18. 

(37) Congenital Coralliform Cataract. Ibid. 

(38) Ectropion. Ibid. 

The professional organizations to 
which Dr. Stieren belongs include the 
American Academy of Opthalmology, the 



PA-Voi vii-12 



2395 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



American Opthalmological Society, the 
American Medical Association, the Asso- 
ciation of Military Surgeons of the United 
States, the Pennsylvania State Medical 
Society and the Allegheny County Med- 
ical Society, of which he was at one time 
secretary. He is a member and ex-presi- 
dent of the College of Physicians and 
Surgeons, of Pittsburgh, and a fellow of 
the American College of Surgeons. 

In politics Dr. Stieren is a Republican, 
and has at different times manifested his 
public spirit by serving on school boards 
and holding other minor ofifices. He be- 
longs to the University and Duquesne 
Clubs, of Pittsburgh, and the Army and 
Navy Club, of New York City, also the 
Nu Sigma Nu fraternity. He is a member 
of Bellefield Presbyterian Church. 

Dr. Stieren married, April 30, 1903, Ra- 
chel Robbins, whose ancestral record is 
appended to this biography, and they are 
the parents of two children : Josephine 
Robbins, and Elizabeth May. Mrs. Stier- 
en, who is a suffragist, belongs to the 
Daughters of the American Revolution 
and the Twentieth Century Club, and is 
one of the board of managers of the 
Young Women's Christian Association of 
Pittsburgh. 

(The Schenck Line). 

Frederick G. Schenck, grandfather of 
Mrs. Helen (Schenck) Stieren, was a 
wealthy merchant of Glatz, Silesia, Ger- 
many, conducting a general merchandise 
business which had been established by 
his great-grandfather. About 1823 Mr. 
Schenck retired from business and re- 
moved to Dresden. 

(II) Frederick G., son of Frederick G. 
Schenck, was born June 2, 1815, in Glatz, 
Germany, and was eight years old when 
his parents moved to Dresden. In that 
city he attended school, afterward enter- 
ing an agricultural college from which he 
graduated in his nineteenth year. In 1834 



he emigrated to the United States, set- 
tling in Pittsburgh and working for a 
season on a farm, as farmhand, in order 
to acquire practical experience in Amer- 
ican farming. 

In 1835 the United States government 
called for volunteers for the army, and 
Mr. .Schenck enlisted and was appointed 
orderly sergeant. His company received 
orders from Washington to proceed to 
Texas to check the Mexican invasion, but 
on reaching New Orleans their orders 
were countermanded. General Sam Hous- 
ton, who was commander-in-chief, hav- 
ing driven out the Mexicans. While in 
New Orleans, Sergeant Schenck nursed 
in a hospital, having acquired an interest 
in medicine from his brother, who was a 
physician. His company was then ordered 
to Florida, where there was an uprising 
of the Seminole Indians under Osceola, 
and one day, while at some distance from 
camp on a hunting expedition, he and two 
companions were attacked by a party of 
Indians. Sergeant Schenck, who was in 
a dense thicket, was not discovered by 
the savages and remained in concealment 
until nightfall, when he hastened back to 
camp and reported the killing and scalp^ 
ing of his companions. When his com- 
pany was mustered out of service he went 
to Pittsburgh, and soon after obtained a 
situation in a general store in Colum- 
biana, Ohio. He was soon discovered to 
be a man of unusual education, having 
command of three languages — German, 
English and French — and was requested 
to teach in the school, which he did. Dur- 
ing his stay in Columbiana he frequently 
visited Pittsburgh, but as there were no 
railroads and no direct stage communica- 
tions between the two places the trip had 
to be made on horseback. 

About 1840 Mr. Schenck received notice 
that his father had died in Germany and 
he was requested to return home and get 



2396 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



his inheritance. When he came back from 
Europe he purchased a farm of one hun- 
dred and seventy acres on the Washing- 
ton turnpike, five miles from Pittsburgh, 
where Greentree borough is now situated. 
It was part of a tract of land which had 
been purchased from the Indians by 
Joseph Henry for a gallon of whiskey. 
Mr. Schenck lived on the farm until about 
1864, when he sold it and moved to the 
city of Pittsburgh. At that time an old 
friend of his, Ferdinand Folz, was ap- 
pointed internal revenue collector for this 
district, and Mr. Schenck was appointed 
chief bookkeeper of the collector's office, 
a position which he retained during the 
collectorships of William Little and 
Thomas Davis, when, his health failing, 
he was obliged to resign. He was an 
extraordinarily good penman, and the 
United States Revenue Office in Wash- 
ington paid him the high compliment of 
stating that his reports were the neatest 
and most efficient which they received. 
During the Civil War a number of his 
German friends organized the Koerner's 
Guard, and he was elected first lieutenant 
of that company. He affiliated with Solo- 
mon's Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, 
of Pittsburgh, was elected twice in suc- 
cession to the chair, and for a number of 
years served as secretary. 

Mr. Schenck married, before returning 
to Germany to receive his inheritance, 
Helena, daughter of Henry von Olnhau- 
sen, and they became the parents of two 
children : Frederick Edmund ; and Helen, 
mentioned below. Mr. Schenck died at 
his home on the bluff, October 7, 1878, 
survived by his wife and his son and 
daughter. 

(HI) Helen, daughter of Frederick G. 
and Helena (von Olnhausen) Schenck, 
became the wife of William Edward 
Stieren, as stated above. 



(The Robbins Line). 

Moses Robbins, the first ancestor of 
record, was born in 1719 and was known 
as "captain." He married Keziah Minor, 
who was born in 1728. 

(II) Brintnell, son of Moses and Ke- 
ziah (Minor) Robbins, was born in 1756, 
and served as ensign in the patriot army 
of the Revolution. Ensign Robbins mar- 
ried Mary Boardman, who was born in 

1759- 

(III) William, son of Brintnell and 
Mary (Boardman) Robbins, was born in 
1795, and married Agnes Sloan, who was 
born in 1801. 

(IV) Joseph, son of William and Agnes 
(Sloan) Robbins, was born in 1824, and 
was a coal operator, residing at Robbins 
Station, Westmoreland county, Pennsyl- 
vania. He married Margaret Jane Christy 
(see Christy line). 

(V) Rachel, daughter of Joseph and 
Margaret Jane (Christy) Robbins, was 
educated at Lake Erie Seminary, Paines- 
ville, Ohio, Goucher College, Baltimore, 
and the Women's Medical College, Phil- 
adelphia, and became the wife of Edward 
Stieren, as stated above. 

(The Christy Line). 

John Christy was a native of Ireland 
and in 1766 emigrated to the American 
colonies, settling on a farm in Allegheny 
county, Pennsylvania. On this farm 
which he cleared and improved, he passed 
the remainder of his life and it is still 
in the possession of his descendants. 

(II) Andrew, son of John Christy, was 
born on his father's farm, and passed his 
life in cultivating his paternal acres. He 
married Eliza, daughter of William Eakin, 
who was of Irish descent and a pioneer of 
Westmoreland county, having settled on 
a farm that was patented by John Christy. 
Andrew Christy and his wife were the 
parents of the following children: Caro- 



2397 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



line, married James Cowan ; Amanda, 
married the Reverend J. L. Brown; 
Mary, married the Reverend Alexander 
Marshall; Cyrus, married Martha Sill; 
Martha, married William Robbins ; Mar- 
garet Jane, mentioned below ; John R., 
married Nancy Robinson ; Sarah, married 
Presley Samm. Andrew Christy died on 
the homestead. May 6, 1880, in the eighty- 
fifth year of his age. 

(Ill) Margaret Jane, daughter of An- 
drew and Eliza (Eakin) Christy, was 
born in 1840, and became the wife of 
Joseph Robbins (see Robbins line). 



PENTECOST, Alexander J., 

Civil War Veteran, Useful Citizen. 

The heroic survivors of the Grand 
Army are fast passing away, and with the 
lapse of each succeeding year the ranks of 
Pittsburgh's veterans sufifer a perceptible 
diminution. One of the last to leave us 
was Major Alexander J. Pentecost, who 
added to a distinguished military record 
a successful career as a business man and 
very notable service as a citizen. 

Alexander J. Pentecost was born No- 
vember 18, 1835, in Pittsburgh, and was 
a son of Dorsey and Susan Pentecost, and 
a grandson of Colonel Dorsey Pentecost, 
who took an active part in the Revolu- 
tionary War, commanding the military 
forces of Washington county in 1781. 
Colonel Pentecost was one of the first 
justices of the peace of old Fort Pitt, and 
from 1 781 to 1783 a member of the Su- 
preme Executive Council of Pennsyl- 
vania. He also served as President-Judge 
of the Court of Common Pleas of Wash- 
ington county. 

The father of Alexander J. Pentecost 
died in 1840, when the boy was but five 
years old, and in 1845 his widowed 
mother moved to old Allegheny. From 
that year to the close of his life. Major 
Pentecost was a resident of that portion 



of his native city. After serving an ap- 
prenticeship to a machinist, at the age 
of twenty the youth became a member of 
the firm of Pentecost, Graham & Bole, 
engine-builders. Later he disposed of his 
interest in the business, and at the time 
of the excitement caused by the discovery 
of gold on Pike's Peak, went west to seek 
his fortune. In i860, after an absence of 
about a year, he returned to Pittsburgh. 

The following year the storm-cloud of 
Civil War which had long been lowering 
over our land, burst in the thunder of the 
guns bombarding Fort Sumter. Scarcely 
had their echoes died away when Alexan- 
der J. Pentecost hastened to enroll him- 
self among the defenders of the Union. 
It was his intention to recruit a company 
at Neville Hall, but the City Guards under 
command of Colonel Alexander Hays, had 
already taken possession of the building 
and his plans were frustrated. He then 
enlisted in the Washington Rifles, which 
he helped to recruit at old Lafayette Hall, 
and which offered its services to the State. 
Pennsylvania's quota of soldiers being 
full, however, the organization, under 
command of Captain A. C. Hays, chart- 
ered a steamboat and went to Wheeling, 
where it joined the Fifth West Virginia 
Cavalry Corps. This was in May, 1861. 
Somewhat later. Private Pentecost enlist- 
ed as corporal in Company A, Fifth West 
Virginia Cavalry, with which he served 
all through the war. Within a short time 
Corporal Pentecost was sent to Grafton, 
West Virginia, to assist in forming a 
quartermaster's department at that place, 
and in September, 1861, was ordered to 
the Kanawha Valley. Returning to 
Wheeling in December, he reported to 
Governor Pierpont, who asked him to 
assist Colonel Harris in recruiting the 
Tenth Regiment of West Virginia In- 
fantry at Clarksburg. Preferring to re- 
main with his regiment, which was then 
in winter quarters on Cheat Mountain, 



2398 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Corporal Pentecost immediately reported 
at regimental headquarters, was assigned 
to the quartermaster's department, and 
on July 7, 1862, was commissioned first 
lieutenant and regimental quartermaster. 
As lieutenant he rendered active service 
in some of the most important battles of 
the war, including Gaulebridge, Rich 
Mountain, Cross Keys, White Sulphur 
Springs, Waterloo Bridge, Gainesville, 
Second Bull Run, Beverly, and many 
others. In 1865 he was made a captain 
by President Lincoln for gallantry and 
meritorious conduct in the field. 

After his return to civil life, Captain 
Pentecost was for several years engaged 
in the real estate business, achieving con- 
siderable success. He also held a number 
of public positions, being elected in 1874 
a member of the Allegheny city council 
and serving for years on the Third ward 
school board, holding for several terms 
the offices of president and treasurer. In 
1887 he was appointed a member of the 
high school committee, and for twelve 
years was one of the school controllers of 
the North Side. It was as a result of a 
resolution introduced by him in 1887 that 
the Allegheny high school was built. He 
was one of the seven founders of the 
Young Men's Christian Association of 
Pittsburgh, and took an active part in the 
work of that organization. 

The old soldier always maintained close 
connection with his former companions in 
arms, belonging to Abe Patterson Post, 
No. 88, Grand Army of the Republic, the 
Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the 
United States, and Union Veteran Legion, 
No. I. In 1873 he was made a major in 
the National Guard of Pennsylvania. 

At one time Major Pentecost served as 
a delegate to the National Prison Con- 
gress, and for twenty-five years was a 
member of the board of managers of the 
Pennsylvania State Reform School, serv- 

2399 



ing during the last ten years as its presi- 
dent and resigning only a few days before 
his death. He affiliated with Allegheny 
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, be- 
longed to the Sons of the American Revo- 
lution, and was a member of the Watson 
Memorial Presbyterian Church. At a 
meeting of the Society of the Army of 
West Virginia in 1887 he was elected a 
vice-president, and at one time he was 
treasurer of his regimental association. 

A strong, stern and finely-cut face was 
that of this veteran of the Civil War, but 
all who knew him were well aware that 
the sternness was that of a man of high 
principles and lofty ideals, measuring him- 
self by the same standard which he set 
for others. The snowy hair and mous- 
tache spoke of advancing years, but the 
fire of the eyes was undimmed and the 
genial nature and warm heart retained to 
the last the enthusiasm of youth. 

Major Pentecost married (first) Vir- 
ginia H., daughter of the Reverend John 
Andrews, the first Presbyterian minister 
in Pittsburgh, and (second) Emma P., 
daughter of Ranson Dwight, of Browns- 
ville, Pennsylvania. He is survived by 
the following children : Alexander J. ; 
Dorsey M. ; Frank P. ; Nellie, wife of 
Frank Paulin ; Adelia, wife of V. Lecky ; 
and Bessie E. Mrs. Pentecost is a woman 
who combines with a winning personality 
and many social gifts, keen intuitive facul- 
ties and superior business acumen. For 
the ties of family and friendship Major 
Pentecost cherished a loyal affection 
which might well be called the governing 
principle of his life. 

On January 23, 1915, this good, useful 
and high-minded man passed away, "full 
of years and of honors," mourned by his 
old comrades, his business associates and 
the many in all walks of life who had been 
numbered among his personal friends. 
There are some men of whom we cannot 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



say, "They are dead," because their life 
still throbs in the hearts that loved them. 
Of these was Alexander J. Pentecost, 
brave citizen, gallant soldier, lover of his 
country and friend of humanity. 



the "Gold Democracy," he was a member 
of the convention which nominated Pal- 
mer and Buckner. While fighting for the 
gold standard of the Democrats he natu- 
rally became a Republican when Con- 
gress adopted the gold standard and the 
Democrats adhered to the silver stand- 
ard. In 191 1 he was a candidate for nomi- 
nation for Judge of the Court of Common 
Pleas of Allegheny county, and, while 
not supported by any faction, received 
approximately thirty thousand votes. He 
was appointed a delegate to the National 
Civic Federation at Washington by 
Governor Stuart, and was reappointed 
by Governor Tener. On January 4, 1915. 
Governor Tener appointed Mr. Carpenter 
Judge of the Common Pleas Court of 
Allegheny county. At the primary elec- 
tion, in September of that year, he re- 
ceived 'J'J,'JTi votes, his majority being 
nearly 50,000, and resulting in his being 
the only candidate for oiifice in November, 
when he received 82,919 votes. 

One of Judge Carpenter's marked char- 
acteristics is his ability to express himself 
clearly and concisely. As judge, his rul- 
ings have met with general approval. An 
able writer, he has for years been a con- 
tributor to various legal journals. He 
was one of those active in the organiza- 
tion of the Allegheny County Arbitration 
Court, by which the courts were relieved 
of the trial of hundreds of cases. At the 
request of the publishers of "Law Notes," 
he prepared a history of the workings of 
this court, and suggested the plan for the 
disposition of cases by referees appointed 
by the court for a stated period, at a 
salary to be fixed and paid by the county. 



CARPENTER, James M., 

Frominent La-nyer and Jurist. 

Among the jurists of the State of Penn- 
sylvania is James McFadden Carpenter, 
Judge of the Common Pleas Court of 
Allegheny county. He was born January 
30, 1850, at IMurrysville, Westmoreland 
county, Pennsylvania, son of the late 
Jeremiah Murry and Eleanor (McFad- 
den) Carpenter. 

When aged about two years, his par- 
ents removed to Plum township, Alle- 
gheny county, where his earliest educa- 
tion was received in the public schools. 
Later he attended the Laird Institute, at 
Murrysville. At the age of seventeen he 
became a teacher in the schools of Plum 
township. In 1872 he came to Pitts- 
burgh, and practiced surveying and civil 
engineering with James H. McRoberts, 
while engaged in the study of law. June 
28, 1872, he registered as a law student, 
and commenced reading in the office of 
Hopkins & Lazear, afterward continuing 
his studies with Thomas C. Lazear, of the 
same firm. October 14, 1874, on motion 
of Jacob H. Miller, he was admitted to 
the Allegheny county bar. After practic- 
ing alone for a time, Mr. Carpenter form- 
ed a partnership with George N. Chal- 
fant, under the firm name of Carpenter & 
Chalfant, which connection was dissolved 
in 1913. While his practice was of a 

general nature, Mr. Carpenter became when such referees were appointed, these ^^ 
identified with much corporation work, to aid the court in the hearing of special 

cases, such as divorce and equity. The 
sole purpose was to provide an efhcient 
court of assistance, and to this end he 
submitted suggestions which, when fol- 



principally mining and oil interests. For 
years Mr. Carpenter's vote and influence 
were enlisted on the side of the Demo- 
cratic party. One of the organizers of 



2400 




Tlil/iajn z/^amd ^uc 



core 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



lowed by carefully prepared legislation, 
would protect every man's constitutional 
rights, and at the same time simplify, 
systematize and expedite the adjudica- 
tion of legal controversies. Summariz- 
ing, these suggestions were : That legis- 
lation should be procured, safe-guarding 
the right of trial by jury, and regulating 
its exercise ; classifying causes as to sub- 
ject-matter and amount in controversy, 
and, within prescribed limits, making 
arbitration (a) obligatory on all parties ; 
(b) compulsory at the election of either 
party; (c) permissible, by agreement, in 
all civil actions; (d) empowering the 
courts to appoint official arbitrators, who 
may, on certificate from the court, indi- 
vidually act as masters in equity and 
divorce. The purpose of the appoint- 
ment of referees was to avoid the neces- 
sity of creating additional courts or in- 
creasing the number of judges, and the 
advantages that would accrue from this 
were that when the business of the court 
did not require the services of these 
referees, they could be dispensed with, 
which is not the case when additional 
judges are appointed, or new courts estab- 
lished, as judges, being constitutional 
officers, are elected for a term, not to be 
curtailed by the Legislature. This article 
attracted much attention, and was ap- 
proved by many judges and members of 
the Supreme Bench, and was favorably 
com,mented on by legal journals through- 
out the country. 

Judge Carpenter is a member of the 
American Bar Association ; the Pennsyl- 
vania Bar Association ; the Allegheny 
County Bar Association ; the Pittsburgh 
Board of Trade ; the Mozart Club ; and 
the Art Society of Pittsburgh. For thirty 
years he was a member of the Park Ave- 
nue Presbyterian Church of Pittsburgh, 
during which time he served as ruling 
elder and clerk of session. 



Judge Carpenter married, June 21, 1876, 
Mary H., daughter of John L. L. and Re- 
bekah (Hood) Knox, of Allegheny, Penn- 
sylvania. Mrs. Carpenter died July 2, 
1899. Children of James McFadden and 
Mary H. (Knox) Carpenter: Alice 
Lazear; Rebekah Knox, deceased; Bertha 
Eleanor, deceased ; James McFadden, Jr., 
instructor in Romance languages, Cornell 
University, where he is a student in its 
graduate school ; he married, August, 
191 5, Paulette, daughter of Paul Hage- 
mans (Consul General of Belgium), of 
Philadelphia. 



MOORE, William D., 

Clergyman, Educator, IjaTvyer. 

The late William David Moore, head of 
the well-known law firm of Moore, Mar- 
ron & McGirr, was a man whose extra- 
ordinarily diversified career might be sum- 
marized in the words, "he touched noth- 
ing that he did not adorn." A successful 
minister of the gospel, an instructor dis- 
tinguished in more than one institution of 
learning, a military chaplain, and one of 
the luminaries of the Pittsburgh bar — all 
these was the wonderfully gifted man a 
brief outline of whose varied and eventful 
life is here imperfectly set forth. 

William D. Moore, father of William 
David Moore, was a Virginian of Scotch- 
Irish ancestry, and came to Pittsburgh, 
where he was connected with the arsenal, 
being an expert mechanic. He was a 
member of the Lawrenceville Thirty- 
ninth Street Presbyterian Church and an 
active participant in its work. Mr. Moore 
married Elizabeth Mackey, also of Vir- 
ginia, and their children were: Rachel, 
married John Dent Moreland ; Ann ; John, 
deceased ; Henry ; Elizabeth, died young ; 
Crawford, also died young; and William 
David, mentioned below. Mr. Moore was 
a man of most estimable character, a 
Presbyterian of the old school. 
2401 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



William David, son of William D. and 
Elizabeth (Mackey) Moore, was born 
January 15, 1824, at Harper's Ferry, Vir- 
ginia, and was a child when his parents 
removed to Pittsburgh. It was in the 
schools of that city that he received his 
preparatory education, afterward attend- 
ing the Western University of Pennsyl- 
vania (now the University of Pitts- 
burgh), and graduating in 1841. Desir- 
ing to prepare himself for the ministry, 
Mr. Moore then entered the Western 
Theological Seminary, graduated in 1844, 
and was ordained a minister of the Pres- 
byterian church. For a number of years 
he was pastor of Long Run Church, near 
Greensburg, Pennsylvania, afterward tak- 
ing charge of a church at Greensburg, and 
in both these congregations doing effec- 
tive work. 

In 1854 Mr. Moore accepted the Profes- 
sorship of Natural Sciences at Oakland 
College, Mississippi, retaining the posi- 
tion for four years. At the end of that 
time he resigned in order to accept the 
same chair in the University of Missis- 
sippi, at Oxford, in that State. As an 
instructor he was exceptionally success- 
ful, his thorough and comprehensive learn- 
ing being combined with a high degree of 
personal magnetism which enabled him 
to exercise a powerful and most bene- 
ficial influence over the youths commit- 
ted to his guidance. But this peaceful 
scholastic life was rudely interrupted. 
Almost at hand, sounded the guns bom- 
barding Fort Sumter, and Professor 
Moore, resigning his position, returned to 
Pennsylvania, there to offer his services 
to the United States government. He 
received an appointment as chaplain of 
the Sixth Regiment, Pennsylvania Heavy 
Artiller)', and served bravely and faith- 
fully to the close of the conflict. 

The return of peace found Mr. Moore 
with a fixed determination to direct the 



course of his life into another channel, to 
enter a new field of endeavor. Going to 
Greensburg, Pennsylvania, he took up the 
study of law under the preceptorship of 
Edgar Cowan, and in the autumn of 1866 
he came to Pittsburgh, where he entered 
the oi^ce of the United States District 
Attorney as assistant to Mr. Carnahan. 
On being admitted to the bar of Alle- 
gheny county, he rapidly rose to the posi- 
tion of the foremost criminal lawyer of 
the city. His eminence was the more re- 
markable by reason of the fact that he 
came to the study and practice of the law 
after he had passed the meridian of life. 
The firm of which he was a member was 
first composed of W^illiam C. Moreland, 
John Kerr and himself, the style being 
Moreland, Moore & Kerr. A biography 
and portrait of Mr. Moreland, who is now 
deceased, appear elsewhere in this work. 
Later Mr. Moore associated himself with 
John Marron and F. C. McGirr, the firm 
name being Moore, Marron & !McGirr. 
Among the warm personal friends of Mr. 
Moore were the late Thomas Marshall 
and Judge Christopher Magee. Politically 
Mr. Moore was a Democrat of liberal 
tendencies, voting for the best man irre- 
spective of party considerations. He was 
a member of the Thirty-ninth Street Pres- 
byterian Church. 

Of the personality of this gifted man it 
is difficult to speak, so complex was it, 
so rich and varied, so abounding in the 
qualities which command respect and in- 
spire admiration. Over and above his 
professional learning his mind was richly 
stored with general information, and he 
possessed extraordinary knowledge of all 
the physical sciences. In particular, he 
was an accomplished botanist and had a 
passionate love for flowers, never con- 
sidering himself dressed without a blos- 
som in his buttonhole. By study and by 
association with physicians he acquired a 
2402 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



knowledge of anatomy which, in connec- 
tion with his acquaintance with chemistry 
and the sciences, was helpful to him. in 
the trial of cases. In his accurate knowl- 
edge of language and perception of its 
fitness and value in the expression of 
thought, Mr. Moore was without a su- 
perior at the bar. As a classical scholar 
and also in the realm of modern lan- 
guages he had few equals, and felicitous 
and forceful expression was one of his 
greatest gifts. His oratorical powers 
were exercised not only in the court room 
but also on the platform, and he was ac- 
tive in many presidential campaigns as 
speaker for his party, always surrounding 
himself with large audiences. Mr. Moore 
took special delight in the writings of 
Thomas Carlyle and the mental attributes 
which enabled him to appreciate them 
were combined with an exceptional de- 
velopment of the poetical quality. He 
was the author of many poems of a high 
order of merit. No man ever looked more 
strikingly what he was. His erect and 
slender form was surmounted by a head 
the intellectual outline of which would 
have attracted attention in any assembly, 
and his strongly marked refined features 
bore the stamp of the traits of character 
which made him the man he was. His 
hair and beard, black in youth, became in 
his latter years iron gray and his whole 
appearance was patrician and command- 
ing. 

Mr. Moore married, in June, 1845, Eliza- 
beth Bishop, whose family record is 
appended to this biography, and the fol- 
lowing children were born to them : Wil- 
liam Bishop, of Pittsburgh ; Elizabeth 
McKay, deceased ; Anna ; Mary Robin- 
son ; Sarah Bishop, of Pittsburgh ; and 
Emma, married Joseph Splane, of Pitts- 
burgh, and is now deceased, as is her hus- 
band also. Anna Moore became the wife 
of Richard Peterson, of Pittsburgh, and 

2403 



the mother of three children : William D. 
M., Hugh Ferguson, and Hannah Bishop, 
who married Robert Cain, of Pittsburgh, 
and has three children. Mary Robinson 
Moore married Henry Clay Fownes, of 
Pittsburgh, and their children were: Wil- 
liam C. ; Amy, wife of John Barnes, of 
Philadelphia ; Henry, deceased ; Arthur, 
also deceased ; Charles Bishop ; Mary, 
married Matthew J. Scammell, of Balti- 
more; and Louise, died in childhood. 
The death of Mrs. Fownes occurred 
March 29, 1906, at Atlantic City, New 
Jersey. 

The home life of Mr. Moore was one of 
rare felicity and beauty. His wife was a 
woman whose strong mental endowments, 
loveliness of personality and sweetness of 
disposition fitted her to be at once his 
intellectual comrade and the presiding 
genius of his fireside. The charm of Mr. 
and Mrs. Moore as host and hostess is 
vividly remembered by many. Gifted as 
Mr. Moore was in every sphere, those 
privileged to know him in his hom.e were 
specially favored. His conversation was 
f.iscinating and his ability to draw out the 
Lest in those who surrounded him created 
j-bout him an atmosphere of geniality and 
happiness. On November 2, 1896, this 
roble man ceased from earth, leaving in 
his profession and in his city a vacancy 
long to remain unfilled and in many 
hearts a void which would last through 
life. 

It was as a lawyer that William David 
Moore was identified with Pittsburgh, and 
his brilliant record at the bar is incorpo- 
rated in her legal annals. North and South 
are associated with different phases of his 
career, and his name is enrolled among 
the defenders of the integrity of the 
Union, but the longest and most illustri- 
ous chapter of his record forms part of 
the history of the metropolis of Pennsyl- 
vania. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(The Bishop Line). 

Richard Bishop, father of Mrs. Eliza- 
beth (Bishop) Moore, was an Englishman 
of culture, and in 1810 came to the United 
States, the trip voyage in those days of 
sailing vessels occupying three months. 
He made his home on a large estate, 
"Mount Albion," near Sharpsburg, Penn- 
sylvania, his land joining that of the father 
of the late Mrs. Mary Schenley. Mount 
Albion School was named after Mr. 
Bishop's estate. His brother, Thomas 
Bishop, also came to the United States, 
settling in Indianapolis, Indiana. Rich- 
ard Bishop married Sarah Turner, and 
their children were : Ann, married Alfred 
Sutton ; Sarah, married (first) Thomas 
Kirby, of Pittsburgh, and (second) Ed- 
ward Haynes ; Mary, married Hebron 
Robinson, of Pittsburgh ; Susan, married 
Mr. Simpson, of Pittsburgh ; John, mar- 
ried Harriet Robb ; William, married 
Emily Scott; Elizabeth, mentioned be- 
low ; and Hannah, married Charles Peter- 
son, of the old Pittsburgh family of that 
name. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Richard and 
Sarah (Turner) Bishop, became the wife 
of William David Moore, as stated above. 



SIMPSON, Karl S., M. D., 

Practitioner, Hospital Official. 

Among the younger generation of 
physicians in Pittsburgh is Dr. Karl S. 
Simpson. James William Simpson, father 
of Dr. Karl S. Simpson, was born on a 
farm near Scio, Ohio, in 1842, son of 
Robert Patterson and Asenath (Fowler) 
Simpson. Robert P. Simpson was born in 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1799, and 
followed farming as an occupation ; he 
married, August 9, 1832, Asenath Fowler; 
was elder and treasurer of the First 
United Presbyterian Church of Scio, 
Ohio. 



James W. Simpson received his educa- 
tion in local schools and at Franklin Col- 
lege, New Athens, Ohio. In the sixties 
he enlisted in Company I, Fifteenth Regi- 
ment Kansas Cavalry, Union Army. For 
a time he was engaged in the hide busi- 
ness in Council Blufifs and Des Moines, 
Iowa, afterwards going to Chicago ; and 
in 1868 was a member of the firm of 
Obern, McDonald & Company (after- 
wards known as D. H. McDonald & Com- 
pany), of Chicago. He was a member of 
the Congregational church of Ravens- 
wood, now part of Chicago, and organ- 
ized the first Sabbath school at Summer- 
dale, Illinois. In 1887 he was elected a 
member of the board of education of 
Chicago; in 1888 was regent of the Royal 
Arcanum, of Ravenswood ; was member 
of Crescent Council, No. 12, Loyal 
League, of Chicago; member of Grand 
Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons, of 
Mammoth Springs, Arkansas. He mar- 
ried, in 1871, Williametta C. Shawhan, of 
Mansfield Valley (now Carnegie), Penn- 
sylvania, and they became parents of the 
following children : Margaret, died in 
childhood ; Robert, died in childhood ; and 
Karl Stanley, see below. James W. Simp- 
son died October 24, 1895, at Mammoth 
Springs, Arkansas. 

Dr. Karl Stanley Simpson, son of the 
late James W. and Williametta (Shaw- 
han) Simpson, was born July 5, 1879, i" 
Carnegie, Pennsylvania, and received his 
preliminary education in the schools of 
his native place, afterward attending Park 
Institute, Pittsburgh. He was fitted for 
his profession at Hahnemann Medical 
College, Philadelphia, graduating in 1903 
with the degree of Doctor of Medicine. 
After serving for two years as interne in 
the old Homoeopathic Hospital of Pitts- 
burgh, Dr. Simpson entered upon a career 
of general practice in Carnegie, Pennsyl- 
vania. While practicing in Carnegie he 
2404 




i 



^i^ ^^i^4 



ENCYCLOPEDIA -OF BIOGRAPHY 



was surgeon for the Pennsylvania Rail- 
road Company and the Wabash Railroad 
Company. In 1913 he spent some time in 
post-graduate work in New York City 
and Berlin, Germany, devoting his at- 
tention to diseases of the nose, ear and 
throat, and on April i, 1914, began prac- 
tice in Pittsburgh as a specialist in these 
ailments. Dr. Simpson is a member of 
the staff of the Homoeopathic Hospital of 
Pittsburgh, and belongs to the Pennsyl- 
vania State Homoeopathic Medical Soci- 
ety, the Allegheny County Homoeopathic 
Medical Society, the American Institute 
of Homoeopathy, and the Phi Alpha 
Gamma fraternity. In politics he is a 
Republican. Dr. Simpson is a member of 
the First Presbyterian Church of Car- 
negie, Pennsylvania. 

April 27, 1897, Dr. Simpson enlisted as 
a private in the Fourteenth Regiment, 
Pennsylvania National Guard, and served 
in the Spanish-American War. He was 
mustered out February 28, 1898. 

On October 12, 1904, Dr. Simpson mar- 
ried Bessie Foster, daughter of John A. 
and Tillie (Foster) Bell, of Carnegie, 
Pennsylvania, and they are the parents of 
two sons: John A., born October 21, 
1905; and James William, born June 19, 
1907. 



LLOYD, Henry, 
Manufacturer, Financier, Philanthropist. 

One of the strong men of the old Pitts- 
burgh — one of those Titans of trade whose 
heroic proportions seem to dwarf their 
successors of the present day — was the 
late Henry Lloyd. Mr. Lloyd was a man 
who touched life at many points, and his 
great abilities and sterling traits of char- 
acter caused him to be regarded by the 
entire community with feelings of pro- 
found admiration. 

Thomas Lloyd, father of Henry Lloyd, 



held many offices of trust and responsibil- 
ity in his section of the country, Hunting- 
don county, Pennsylvania, among these 
being that of sheriff of the county for 
many years. One of his sons was John, 
who took an active part in the cause of 
religion from his earliest years and re- 
mained closely identified with religious 
works throughout his life. While acting 
in the capacity of a missionary to China 
to convert the heathen there, he was 
taken ill and died at Hong Kong. Thomas 
Lloyd married, January 12, 1813, Cather- 
ine Moore. 

Henry Lloyd, son of Thomas and 
Catherine (Moore) Lloyd, was born in 
Huntingdon county, Pennsylvania, De- 
cember 25, 1817, and the common schools 
of his day and section gave but scant 
opportunity for a thorough education. 
Earnest and energetic from his youth up- 
ward, he made the best use of these 
opportunities, and utilized every spare 
moment to gain still further knowledge. 
His general aptitude for a business life 
was dem.onstrated when he was very 
young, and when he began his business 
career as a clerk in the large forwarding 
and commission house of D. Leech & 
Company, his station being at Hollidays- 
burg, on the old Pennsylvania Canal & 
Portage railroad line, he had ample op- 
portunity to display his executive ability. 
The experience of all kinds he gained in 
this position was of inestimable value to 
him, and a number of other business men 
who have since then become prominent, 
gained their early training there. 

Naturally ambitious and anxious to 
work out his career independently, Henry 
Lloyd was ever looking forward to the 
time when he would be at the head of a 
business of his own, and was on the alert 
to seize upon any favorable opportunity. 
This offered itself in 1854, when the Ken- 
sington Iron Works was placed on the 



2405 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



market, this being one of the oldest estab- 
lishments of its kind in the city of Pitts- 
burgh. Mr. Lloyd associated himself 
with Mr. George Black, and together they 
purchased an interest in this business, the 
concern operating under the firm name of 
Miller, Lloyd & Black. Three years later 
Mr. Miller sold his interest to his part- 
ners, and the firm was known as Lloyd & 
Black until the death of Mr. Black, in 
1872. During these years the business of 
the firm had been extended in every pos- 
sible direction, its methods being progres- 
sive yet conservative and safe, and it had 
become recognized as one of the most im- 
portant iron industries of the entire 
country. The prosperity attending these 
years resulted in the acquisition of the 
larger part of the great fortune of Mr. 
Lloyd, his business principles being of 
the highest character. A cash basis was 
the guiding rule of the management, and 
it was considered imperative that there 
should always be an ample reserve fund 
on deposit in the bank. It was a matter 
of rare occurrence to have any labor 
trouble, for the relations between Mr. 
Lloyd and his employees were rather that 
of a fatherly friend toward his com- 
panions, than that of master and man. In 
times of sickness or other sorrow they 
went to him with full confidence in the 
help which they felt would be forthcom- 
ing, and this feeling was never a mistaken 
one. 

The third change made in the name of 
the firm was upon the death of Mr. Black, 
at which time Mr. Lloyd purchased his 
interest and reorganized the firm. He 
took into partnership his son, Henry Mc- 
Kinney Lloyd, and Henry Balkan, and 
the name was changed to Henry Lloyd, 
Son & Company. This arrangement left 
Henry Lloyd more time to devote to char- 
itable work, in which he had always taken 
a beneficial interest. He was the presi- 



dent of the Pittsburgh Insurance Com- 
pany, and held this office until his death ; 
was also president and one of the trustees 
of the People's Savings Bank ; one of the 
founders and a director in the Merchants' 
and Manufacturers' Bank ; and president 
of the Safe Deposit Company for many 
years. The conscientious attention he had 
given to the conduct of the business of 
which he had been head for so many 
years, characterized all his work in con- 
nection with all of these institutions, and 
he was as careful of the trusts reposed in 
him as if they had been for his sole and 
individual benefit. It was this quality, 
and several others of like character, that 
won for him the esteem and confidence of 
all his business associates and of the en- 
tire community. 

In political matters Henry Lloyd kept 
well in touch with the trend of the time, 
and give his adherence to the Republican 
party. He was never desirous of holding 
public office, but when he was convinced 
that it was for the best interests of the 
community that he should accept public 
ofiice, he did not hesitate to accept the 
proflfered honor. In 1868 he was elected 
to serve in the select council, and was re- 
elected several times. While in office he 
served as a member of the water com- 
mittee, being chairman of that body, and 
as a member of the finance committee. In 
these offices he displayed the sound com- 
mon sense and executive ability which 
had won success for him in the business 
world, and his ability was recognized by 
all. 

In charitable and church work, the good 
accomplished by Henry Lloyd can scarce- 
ly be overestimated. Upon his removal to 
the East End, Pittsburgh, he, in associa- 
tion with several others of like opinions, 
organized a Sunday school, as there was 
neither Sunday school nor church in that 
section at that time. This was the seed 



2406 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



from which grew the Bellefield Presby- 
terian Church, one of the largest congre- 
gations of the entire city. In his capacity 
of superintendent of the Sunday school, 
Mr. Lloyd was brought into close per- 
sonal touch with every inhabitant of the 
parish, and won their love. Not satisfied 
with this, he donated the site on which 
the present church structure was erected, 
and of the $20,000 necessary to build the 
church, he donated $15,000. In this con- 
nection may be mentioned that he also 
donated a sum of $10,000 to a denomina- 
tional college for girls, giving it, however, 
in the name of the Bellefield Church. This 
is but one example of his modesty in be- 
stowing gifts, as nothing was more 
obnoxious to him than to be publicly 
thanked. His direct personal charities 
will never be known, as they were be- 
stowed in the most unostentatious man- 
ner possible with a full investigation of 
the case in point. In the fitting words of 
one who was so situated as to gain knowl- 
edge of some of the charities of Henry 
Lloyd : "The only reward that he seemed 
to regard was that his sense for humanity 
and duty to God should be satisfied." For 
a long period of time he was a director of 
the American Sunday School Union, and 
president of the Presbyterian Committee 
of Missions in Allegheny county. He 
also served as trustee of the Western 
Theological Seminary, the Western Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania (now University 
of Pittsburgh), and the Jefferson College. 
Mr. Lloyd married (first) September 3, 
1845, Jane F., daughter of the Rev. David 
McKinney, D. D., an eminent divine of 
his day, who was the founder and for 
many years the editor of the "Presbyter- 
ian Banner." Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd were 
the parents of eight children: i. Hetty 
Finley, born September 21, 1846, died 
September 12, 1848. 2. Eliza McKinney, 
born June 12, 1848, died July 26, 1849. 3. 

2407 



Thomas, born July 26, 1850, died Novem- 
ber 28, 185 1. 4. David McKinney, born 
October 28, 1852. 5. Henry, born May 14, 
1855, died November 19, 1901. 6. Cathar- 
ine, born April 2, 1857, died January 19, 
1859. 7. John Walter, born February 19, 
1859. 8. William Finley, born March 20, 
1861. Mrs. Lloyd was born March 19, 
1826, and her death occurred February 
15, 1863. Mr. Lloyd married (second), 
August 23, 1865, Elizabeth, born August 
I, 1830, died January 8, 1905, daughter 
of Samuel and Maria W. (Finley) Hall, 
of Newark, New Jersey. Samuel Hall 
was born December 5, 1789, at Basking- 
ridge. New Jersey, and his wife, Maria 
W. (Finley) Hall, was born at same place 
December i, 1801. Children of Henry and 
Elizabeth (Hall) Lloyd: i. Maria Finley, 
born July 4, 1866. 2. Davison, born July 
5, 1868. 3. Finley Hall, born November 
7, 1870, of whom a sketch follows. 

The death of Mr. Lloyd, which occurred 
February 12, 1879, was as sincerely 
mourned by high and low of every degree 
as ever falls to the lot of man. The true 
and unaffected sorrow displayed by his 
employees was extremely touching, and 
the following extract from the tribute 
they placed reverently upon his tomb, 
well expressed their feeling: "With bowed 
heads and sad hearts, we, the employees 
of the Kensington Iron Works, have 
gathered to express our deep sorrow for 
the loss of one we loved so well. None 
knew his worth better, none will feel his 
loss more keenly than we. There was no 
man in his employ, no matter in what 
capacity, but that could approach him as 
easily as approaching a child. In the 
darkest days of our financial panic our 
money was waiting for us every Saturday 
afternoon. In the hottest days of summer, 
when we were fatigued and almost ex- 
hausted from the excessive heat, he would 
come among us with a pleasant smile and 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



a cheerful word that would invigorate us 
and inspire us to perform our arduous 
tasks." The iron manufacturers of the 
city, at a special meeting, placed on record 
the following: "As a man he was emi- 
nently successful ; as a competitor he was 
the soul of fairness and honor; and, as 
an advisor in the difficulties that have 
surrounded our trade, he was safe, judici- 
ous and prudent. He was a man, kind, 
considerate, courageous, and of sterling 
integrity, bountiful charity, and noble 
generosity." The various and numerous 
charitable institutions, churches, financial 
and other institutions with which he was 
connected all sent fitting and sincere testi- 
monials of their sorrow and his worth. 
His sympathy for humanity was broad 
and elastic. He had the faculty of seeing 
the good in everyone and everything, and 
ignoring the evil or the tendency thereto, 
and in this manner, he was the salvation 
of many a young man who had taken the 
first steps on the downward path. His 
helping hand was ever outstretched for 
the erring or distressed to grasp, and the 
return clasp was a warm and lingering 
one. His record is one that Pittsburgh 
will never forget. 



LLOYD, Finley H., 

Prominent Merchant, Representative 
Citizen. 

Finley Hall Lloyd, president of the 
Pittsburgh Dry Goods Company, is one 
of the representative business men of the 
Iron City. In the political life and the 
philanthropic work of his community Mr. 
Lloyd has always taken an active part, 
and with its fraternal circles and its social 
world he is prominently identified. 

Finley Hall Lloyd was born Novem- 
ber 7, 1870, in Pittsburgh, and is a son 
of Henry and Elizabeth (Hall) Lloyd. A 
biography of Mr. Lloyd, who is now de- 



ceased, together with a portrait precedes 
this in the work. He was one of Pitts- 
burgh's signal men. a man whose record 
will not be forgotten. 

Finley Hall Lloyd received his educa- 
tion at Shady Side Academy, or rather 
his preparatory education, for he subse- 
quently entered Princeton University, 
graduating with the class of 1892. After 
taking his degree Mr. Lloyd returned to 
Pittsburgh, having chosen to follow a 
business career, and having also decided 
that his home city should be the scene of 
his activities. In August, 1893, he be- 
came a director of the Pittsburgh Dry 
Goods Company and, beginning at the 
bottom, thoroughly learned the whole 
business, becoming familiar with its 
every detail. In doing so he gained a 
fund of valuable experience, and also 
developed those talents for executive and 
administrative work and that knowledge 
of men and their motives for which he 
has since been distinguished among his 
contemporaries. The advancement of 
such a man was, as a matter of course, 
sure and steady. In January, 1902, he 
became president of the company, and its 
history from that time is sufficient evi- 
dence of the ability and faithfulness with 
which he has discharged the duties of the 
office. The concern is one of the largest 
in Pennsylvania, dealing in all kinds of 
dry goods and having a reputation second 
to none. 

In large measure the success of Mr. 
Lloyd is explained by his personality. 
With great energy and strong mental 
endowments he combines a frankness and 
cordiality and an unvarying courtesy 
which have made him emphatically a man 
of many friends, and enlisted the loyalty 
of associates and subordinates. In the 
annals of Pittsburgh his portrait should 
stand beside that of his father. 



2408 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



A Republican in politics, Mr. Lloyd, 
while ever ready to do his utmost toward 
the betterment of conditions, has never 
accepted any office with the exception of 
that of councilman of Shields, the suburb 
in which he resides. He is a thirty-second 
degree Mason ; his clubs are the Du- 
quesne, Pittsburgh, Allegheny Country 
and Pittsburgh Golf; and he also belongs 
to the Princeton Club of New York. He 
is a member and trustee of the Shields 
Presbyterian Church. 

Mr. Lloyd married, September 25, 1895, 
Sara Scott, daughter of Samuel W. and 
Mary (Shaw) Spencer, of Glenshaw, 
Pennsylvania, and granddaughter of 
Thomas W. Shaw. A full account of the 
Shaw family appears in biography of the 
late Dr. Thomas W. Shaw, elsewhere in 
this work. Mr. Spencer was a business 
man and later a coal operator, spending 
most of his time in looking after his own 
coal interests. Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd are 
the parents of two children: i. Elizabeth 
Hall, born May 30, 1898; educated at the 
Misses Masters' School, Dobbs Ferry, 
New York. 2. Finley Hall, born May 14, 
1900; educated at St. Paul's School, Con- 
cord, New Hampshire, and expects to 
enter Princeton University. Mrs. Lloyd, 
a woman of culture and charm, belongs 
to the Twentieth Century, Allegheny 
Country and Pittsburgh Golf clubs, and 
is president of the Garden Club of Alle- 
gheny County. Both she and her hus- 
band are active in social and philanthropic 
circles, Mrs. Lloyd being a member of 
the board of managers of the Sewickley 
Hospital. 

Mr. Lloyd is a man of quiet force, the 
force that accomplishes large results with 
little friction, the force that counts in the 
upbuilding, maintenance and true pros- 
perity of great cities and important com- 
munities. 



MORRIS, Frederic S., 

Surgeon, Hospital Official. 

The twentieth century has been called 
"the Age of the Young Man," and in a 
special sense this is true of the med- 
ical profession. Its ranks are largely 
recruited from men of the younger gen- 
eration, and among those who in recent 
years have established themselves in 
Pittsburgh is Dr. Frederic S. Morris, 
whose work as a general surgeon is favor- 
ably known. 

Frederic S. Morris was born September 
5, 1881, in Greensburg, Indiana, and is a 
son of George W. and Dorothy (Kam- 
merling) Morris. The boy graduated 
successively from public and high schools, 
and when the time came for him to choose 
a profession entered Hahnemann Medical 
College, graduating in 1904 with the de- 
gree of Doctor of Medicine. After serv- 
ing for a time as interne in the Homoeo- 
pathic Hospital, Pittsburgh, Dr. Morris 
applied himself to a course of post-gradu- 
ate work in the Medical School of the 
Boston University, and in 1906 began 
practice in Pittsburgh. From the first he 
devoted himself to general surgery, and 
his efforts have been attended with suc- 
cess. He is a member of the surgical 
staff of the Homoeopathic Hospital. 

Among the professional organizations 
to which Dr. Morris belongs are the 
American Institute of Homoeopathy, the 
Pennsylvania State Homoeopathic Medi- 
cal Association and the Allegheny County 
Homoeopathic Medical Society, also the 
East End Doctors' Club. Politically Dr. 
Morris is a Republican, but takes no part 
in public affairs with the exception of 
voting like every other good citizen. He 
was formerly enrolled in the University 
Club, but withdrew in consequence of 
pressure of professional duties. He is a 
member of the First Presbyterian Church. 

Dr. Morris married, April 6, 1910, Edith, 
2409 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



daughter of Sebastian D. Holmes, of 
Lyons, New York. Mrs. Morris is a 
charming woman of culture and character 
and both she and her husband enjoy a 
high degree of social popularity. The 
mother of Dr. Morris, whose only child he 
is, is still living and has been a widow 
many years, her husband, who was a 
manufacturer of Cincinnati, having died 
when their son was quite young. 

Thoroughly well read in his profession, 
alert, sagacious and in all things keeping 
step with the progress of the age, Dr. 
Morris looks and is a true type of the 
Pittsburgh surgeon of the present day. 



REESE, Isaac, 

Prominent Fire Brick MannfactnTer. 

"Among the business men of Pitts- 
burgh, no one has contributed more to the 
development of the iron, steel and brick 
industries of the Iron City than William 
Reese and his three sons," said a promi- 
nent iron manufacturer some years ago. 

William Reese was born in Brecon, 
Southern Wales, in 1787. He was a 
cousin of the encyclopaedist. Dr. Abra- 
ham Rees, F. R. S., F. L. S., both great 
grandsons of the old Welsh clergyman of 
the Church of England who held the liv- 
ing of Penderyn, in Breconshire. Dr. 
Abraham Rees was a Presbyterian min- 
ister. He was president of the Presby- 
terian Board in London for many years, 
and an active member of the most of the 
charitable institutions of the metropolis. 
In his youth he was mathematical tutor 
at Hoxton, when Dr. Kippis was classi- 
cal tutor, and later at Hackney with Drs. 
Kippis, Price and Priestley. He edited 
"Chambers' Encyclopaedia" for ten years 
before his own, the "Rees Cyclopaedia," 
the pioneer of "The Brittannica" and 
"The Century ;" it contains forty-five vol- 
umes, quarto. He presented the address 



of the dissenting denominations on the 
accession of King George IV, to the 
throne of England, and was present at a 
similar address to the late King in 1760. 
His portrait by Lonsdale is in the Na- 
tional Art Gallery, London. His portrait 
by Opie was taken from the British 
Museum some years ago to Dr. Williams' 
private library in Redcross street, London. 
He was a great favorite of the Duke of 
Sussex, who associated his portrait with 
that of Dr. Parr in his principal library at 
Kensington Palace. He took his degree 
of Doctor of Divinity from Edinburgh 
University at the express desire of Dr. 
Robertson, the historian. Dr. Abraham 
Rees is buried in a vault in Bunhill Fields. 
Almost a hundred years after the death of 
Dr. Abraham Rees, Dr. Stanley C. Reese, 
the son of Abraham Reese, and nephew of 
Isaac Reese, took similar honors to his 
grandfather's famous cousin. Dr. Stanley 
C. Reese is a Doctor of Philosophy of 
Princeton University, a charter member 
of the Astronomical and Astro-Physical 
Society of America, and a fellow of the 
American Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science. William Reese's cousirv 
Sam., when only nineteen years of age, 
tutored the sons of English noblemen 
in mathematics and natural philosophy. 
These men induced Sam. and his brother 
John to move their academy from Wales 
to England. 

William Reese was an iron worker, as 
was his father before him, the latter build- 
ing the first iron mill on the borders of 
France and Germany, and living there 
two years to manage it, returning to his 
native land. William Reese married, in 
Whales, Elizabeth Joseph. He, with his 
wife and seven children, crossed the 
ocean in the ship "Twin Brothers," which 
carried on this trip the first railroad 
iron, flat bars, ever brought to the United 
States. They landed in Philadelphia in 



2410 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1832. William Reese found employm,ent 
first in Phoenixville, Pennsylvania, where 
he was virtually the pioneer ironworker 
of the State. Later he erected a forge in 
Huntingdon county, Pennsylvania, which 
he managed for some time, subsequently 
he moved to Bellefonte, Pennsylvania, 
where he built the first sand-bottom fur- 
nace, as applied to puddling, in the United 
States, and where the first "bloom" under 
the boiling process was made. He came 
to Pittsburgh in 1837, to the Southside, 
to the mill now known as the Fifteenth 
Street Mill. William Reese remained at 
this mill for about five years. Next he 
managed for fifteen years the Spang Roll- 
ing Mills in Pine Creek, in the vicinity of 
Pittsburgh. He then took over the man- 
agement of the business of Reese, Graff & 
Dull, in which concern his son Jacob was 
senior partner. He lived to the remark- 
ably advanced age of one hundred and 
four years, dying August 4, 1892, at Boli- 
var, Pennsylvania. His wife died April 
12, 1874, in the seventy-sixth year of her 
age, at Apollo, Pennsylvania. William 
Reese and his wife were God-fearing 
people. In religious faith they were 
Baptists, and they established Sabbath 
schools and prayer-meetings in every com- 
munity they lived in, if they found none 
there. With the exception of ten years 
spent in farming in the west, William 
Reese lived practically the most of his 
business life in Pittsburgh, retiring from 
active business at the age of seventy-five 
years, when the employees of the Fort 
Pitt Iron Works presented him with a 
beautiful gold-headed cane, bearing the 
following inscription: "William Reese, 
From the Employees of the Fort Pitt 
Iron and Steel Works, 1871 ;" they also 
presented his wife with a silver tea-set. 

William Reese and his wife were the 

parents of ten children, seven of whom 

were born in Wales. The children were 

as follows: i. Rachel, who remained at 

PEN— Vol vii-13 24 



home, a faithful and willing assistant to 
her parents in their younger and busier 
days, and later in their declining years. 
2. Isaac, see below. 3. Leah, married 
Reese Williams. Left a widow by the 
burning of the Sharon mill, where her 
husband lost his life, she started a mer- 
cantile business in Sharon, Pennsylvania. 
At her death so great was her impress 
on trade and on the community that at 
the time of her funeral all places of busi- 
ness in Sharon were closed in respect to 
her memory. She left four children : 
Elizabeth, Mary, Daniel and Benjamin. 
Benjamin died some years ago ; he mar- 
ried a Miss Burman, of Waynesburg, 
Pennsylvania; his wife and one daughter 
survive him. Elizabeth married Malin 
Ewing, of Sharon ; they have four sons. 
Mary married Samuel Buckwalter, and 
lives in Yankton, South Dakota. Daniel 
never married. 4. Jacob. 5. Rebecca, 
married Oliver Henderson ; husband, wife 
and son died many years ago. 6. Abram. 
7. Joseph, lost his life at the charge on 
Stone river, during the Civil War; two 
sons, William and Abel, survive. 8. Mary 
Ann, married David Post, of New Eng- 
land Puritan ancestry. Two daughters 
survive this marriage, Katherine and Har- 
riet. 9. Benjamin Franklin, the youngest 
and only surviving son of William Reese 
and his wife, is a resident of Bolivar, 
Pennsylvania. He passed through four 
years of Civil War. For forty years he 
has been identified with the brick busi- 
ness, both as practical worker and as part 
proprietor, in brick concerns. He mar- 
ried Dora Berkey, of Bolivar, Pennsyl- 
vania ; one son, William, lives with his 
father. Mrs. Reese died in 1914. 10. 
Elizabeth, married Rev. Joel V. Stratton, 
in Pittsburgh. They have two children, 
Anna R. and William. 

The family name, originally Rees, was 
changed to Reese in Pittsburgh, Pennsyl- 
vania, on account of confusion over the 
II 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



mail, there being another Rees family, and 
letters were frequently opened by mistake. 
Isaac Reese, the eldest son of William 
Reese, was the last of the family to take 
kindly to the "e." His naturalization 
papers were taken out Rees, and all births 
and deaths in the family Bible record are 
written in his own handwriting "Rees" 
up to the date of the birth of his son 
Benjamin, in 1862, when he adopted the 
"e" for the first time. 

Isaac Reese, the second child born to 
William and Elizabeth (Joseph) Reese, 
was the eldest son. He was born April 
29, 1821, in Llannelly, Southern Wales. 
He was eleven years old when the family 
emigrated to America x^t the age of 
seventeen he had learned the trade of 
"hammering." He then had two assist- 
ants under him and continued in this way 
for ten years. He afterward embarked 
in a blast furnace in Clarion county, but 
the panic of 1849 swept him from his 
feet. He returned to his trade, which was 
always lucrative, and after a few years 
had capital enough to embark in the coal 
business with his brother, Abram. This 
enterprise was soon abandoned, the finan- 
cial returns not being satisfactory. Mr. 
Reese was then asked to join the firm of 
Johnston, Taylor & Company, in the 
manufacture of fire-brick, which he did. 
He devoted his time and energy to the 
development of a better grade of brick, 
and discovered new clay from which, by a 
new process, he made better brick. Upon 
this brick he stamped the distinguishing 
word "Woodland." This was a fire-brick 
for crucible furnaces, superior to any 
which had heretofore been produced in 
Pittsburgh. He saw the possibilities of 
a great business, and he controlled for 
many years the exclusive sale of fire-clay 
brick in and around Pittsburgh for cru- 
cible furnace purposes. Three years after 
entering the firm he purchased all other 

24] 



interests in the concern and controlled 
the business for fourteen years. 

Due to the panic of 1873, Mr. Reese 
again failed, losing every dollar he had, 
but, as he said to a friend shortly before 
his death : "I have failed several times in 
my life, but my credit never failed me 
once. I borrowed five thousand dollars 
at sixty years of age, with only forty 
dollars cash in the world." This last 
venture was the most successful of his 
business life. It was in 1878 that he saw 
the necessity of a brick which would offer 
a greater resistance to intense heat, es- 
pecially for the heating furnaces for steel. 
He was the first to make a success of 
silica brick for furnace linings in the 
United States. His first experiment was 
made a*t the Apollo Works just previous 
to his business failure in 1873. (These 
brick were still in the kiln when the plant 
was shut down by the sheriff. They were 
sold to a contractor and built in a pud- 
dling furnace in Pittsburgh, where they 
stood over two years with but few re- 
pairs). When improvements were made 
in the process of making high-grade steel, 
there was a demand for a better fire-brick 
than could be made in the United States, 
and from 1863 to 1884 the fire-brick, espe- 
cially for open-hearth furnaces, was 
brought from Europe, at great expense. 
Mr. Reese continued to improve on his 
first experiment at Apollo, until in 1882 
he sent his son George to Wales to learn 
a more economical way of burning the 
brick. On his son's return to Manorville, 
Pennsylvania, he brought the benefit of 
the Old World's experience, which added 
to his father's experience, was instrumen- 
tal in producing a brick superior to any 
known silica brick. This brick stood the 
test of five thousand degrees of heat, 
while no other brick was known to stand 
over three thousand degrees. This brick 
was called the "Reese Silica Brick," and 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



its superiority over the European brick 
was so generally recognized that it re- 
placed the latter entirely in the home pro- 
duct. Of uniform weight and size and 
practically free from expansion and con- 
traction under varying temperatures, and 
giving the best satisfaction in the con- 
struction and use of glass, open-hearth 
steel, copper and other metallurgical fur- 
naces, the "Reese Silica Brick" found a 
market in every manufacturing State and 
territory of the Union, especially at the 
gold, silver and copper smelting works of 
Colorado. By using the old fire-brick in 
the cap, or arch, of the glass furnace the 
slack, or drippings, would run into the 
glass, while caps made of Reese Silica 
Brick will make the output of the furnace 
perfectly clean. 

Mr. Reese established a large plant in 
Manorville, Pennsylvania, and later an- 
other plant in Cowanshannock, in the 
same county. These mills were called the 
Phoenix Fire-Brick Works, and Mr. Reese 
was the sole owner. He also made brick 
called "Phoenix" and "Globe," especially 
adapted for rolling-mill uses, and also for 
blast furnaces. In order to meet the great 
demand for his brick, he added two other 
plants at Retort, Pennsylvania, in Centre 
county, these plants being known as the 
"Retort Works." When his sons became 
of age, in about 1896, he took them into 
partnership with him. These sons were 
George W., Benjamin F. and Walter L. 
Reese, the firm name being then changed 
to Isaac Reese & Sons, and later still to 
Isaac Reese & Sons Company. In 1900 
the business was incorporated under the 
latter name with Isaac Reese as president 
and general manager. This relation con- 
tinued until 1902, when the firm sold out 
to the brick trust, but retained stock in 
the same. There were thirty-four brick 
plants merged into the trust known as the 
Harbison Walker Refractories Company, 
into which the Reese plants entered. The 



Reese plants were the only ones to pre- 
serve their individuality and to retain 
their own offices and the firm name of 
Isaac Reese & Sons Company. 

The men to whom Isaac Reese owed 
the most in his last business venture, and 
to whom his gratitude was unbounded, 
were : Mr. Joseph S. Seaman, Mr. Joseph 
Sleeth and Mr. J. B. Young, for their 
financial backing; to Dr. C. G. Hussey 
for building the first furnace without 
other guaranty than Mr. Reese's own 
word that the brick would stand the 
proper requirements ; and to Mr. William 
Johns and Mr. David Harris for practical 
suggestions and faithful oversight of the 
furnaces personally alrnost day and night. 

Isaac Reese said to a friend one day : 
"I have done two men's work from 
the time I was eighteen years old up 
almost to the time of my retirement at 
eighty-two years of age. I never took a 
vacation until I was seventy years old. 
i shall not live to my father's great age, 
and neither will Jacob or Abram." Jacob 
Reese was working on an alphabet for 
the deaf and dumb at the time of his 
death, at eighty-four years of age. Abram 
was working on plans for a flying-ma- 
chine at seventy-eight years of age. They 
died in the full possession of their facul- 
ties. Dr. Rees says in his preface to his 
Cyclopaedia, that he had not worked in 
fragments of time, but whole days of 
twelve to fourteen hours each for twenty 
years on this work. He died at eighty- 
two years of age. His father preached 
for seventy years, and died at ninety years 
of age. They died in full possession of 
their faculties. 

A man of action rather than words, 
Isaac Reese demonstrated his public spirit 
by actual achievements which advanced 
the prosperity and wealth of the commu- 
nity. He was noted for his clarity 
of thought, great resourcefulness, large 
knowledge of men, quickness of percep- 



2413 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tion and accuracy of judgment, and 
was often consulted in regard to public 
measures and improvements. Justice and 
benevolence were dominant traits in his 
character. As a consequence he possessed 
to the close of his life the respect and con- 
fidence of his workmen, and it was one of 
his proud boasts that he never had a 
"strike" in his works. 

Mr. Orr Buffington, Mr. Reese's friend 
and attorney, who had a thorough insight 
into the industry and the history of Mr. 
Reese's efforts to put his brick upon the 
market writes of him : 

Without capital other than that which one or 
two of his friends recognizing his integrity and 
abihty, supplied, Isaac Reese ventured to make 
and marlcet a new and untried line of refractory 
brick for furnace linings. He came a stranger 
into Armstrong county for this purpose. To 
appreciate the gravity of the undertaking it must 
be realized that these bricks, designed for use in 
costly furnaces, with their more costly contents 
to be fluxed, must prove the most perfect success, 
otherwise the entire proposition became a total 
loss to the purchaser. The bricks were produced 
as designed, but the customers had to be con- 
vinced. This involved untold patience and per- 
sistency through a series of years, against the 
strong and bitter opposition of wealthy competi- 
tors. The excellence and uniform character of 
this product and his fair dealing overcame the 
obstacles in his path, and not many years before 
his death, his competitors were compelled to buy 
his interests at his own figure. The instances are 
few of record where at sixty years, when most 
workers are preparing to lay aside life's work and 
rest, a man, alone and apparently defeated in life's 
struggle, grapples a new and great problem and 
in spite of his years and adversity compels success 
to surrender. 

I knew Mr. Reese intimately during these nearly 
thirty years, and in all these years saw no change 
in the man himself ; the same genial nature, the 
same patience, the same absence of personal pride, 
the same fairness in his methods of business, the 
same extreme care for his family, his friends, and 
his church, bespoke his manliness and goodness 
of heart. 

When abundant results rewarded his work there 
was perhaps the usual elation always present in 
man, but it did not take the form of boastfulness, 



but rather only added to his pleasure in seeing 
those around whom his interest centered enjoy the 
fruits of his victory. Many quiet unknown gifts to 
those who had aided him were bestowed. His 
was essentially an honest and trusting nature. 
Once his confidence was won it remained un- 
shaken, and once lost could never be regained. 
His mind was wholly constructive — he was a 
builder; his work was a public service — he made 
the world better and his memory deserves per- 
petuation. 

Isaac Reese married Elizabeth Bebb 
Jones, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, May 
24. 1844. She was born in Llanbrynmair, 
NorthernWales, February 21, 1824. Eliza- 
beth Bebb Jones was the daughter of 
Robert and Mary (Bebb) Jones, who emi- 
grated to America with their two chil- 
dren, Elizabeth and John, in 1841 ; the 
older two, Thomas and Mary, having 
come over the year previous with Dr. 
Chidlaw, a personal friend of the Jones 
family. The Jones and Bebb families 
figure in the parish history of Llanbryn- 
mair as far back as 1663, as vicars, church 
wardens and overseers of the poor, and in 
the churchyard of the "Old Independent 
Chapel" is the tomb of Edward Bebb, 
Quaker, died April 23, 1740, the ancestor 
of Mary (Bebb) Jones and her brother, 
Edward Bebb. She was related to Jo- 
siah Jones {nom de plume Brynmair) the 
old Welsh bard and religious writer of 
Wales. Judge William Bebb, the four- 
teenth governor of Ohio, was a cousin of 
Mrs. Reese. He tutored the children of 
old General Harrison (of "Tippecanoe and 
Tyler too" fame), when he was twenty 
years of age, in mathematics, Latin, 
French, and German, living in the Harri- 
son family one year. He afterwards start- 
ed an academy at South Bend, Indiana, 
and through the influence of General Har- 
rison the leading families of Cincinnati 
sent their children to this institution. He 
then studied law, became judge and later 
governor of Ohio, through the appoint- 
ment of the President, and according to 
2414 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



history he was the first governor to take 
the stump against slavery. He afterwards 
held other offices under the United States 
government. He was the intimate friend 
of Thomas Corwin, and their portraits in 
the Statehouse at Columbus, Ohio, are 
called the "David and Jonathan" of the 
Ohio bar. 

On the Jones side of the house the 
family is a branch of the ancient house of 
"Esgair Evan." The great-grandson of 
Robert Jones, Reese Olver Snowden, has 
named his ranch in Lancaster, California, 
"Esgair," in honor of his Welsh forbears. 
In Llanbrynmair Mrs. Reese's people 
were staunch supporters of disestablish- 
ment. History says Llanbrynmair was 
the Piedmont of Wales in the seventeenth 
century, and that next to Palestine, no 
other name in the principality is so re- 
vered as Llanbrynmair. The house is still 
standing there where during the religious 
persecutions of the seventeenth century, 
Mrs. Reese's people kept the Covenant 
for sixty-four years, before they dared 
build the "Old Independent Chapel," in 
1739. Mrs. Reese was related to Rev. 
John Roberts as well as connected by 
close marriage ties. John Roberts and his 
two sons held the pulpit of the "Old Inde- 
pendent Chapel" for sixty years. Their 
names are honored wherever the Welsh 
language is spoken. "God had sifted 
three kingdoms to find the wheat for this 
planting." (Longfellow.) Dr. Abraham 
Rees and Rev. Samuel Roberts (the most 
noted of the Roberts trio of preachers) 
were both born in the "Old Independent 
Chapel-house" of Llanbrynmair. A tablet 
above the pulpit commemorates the events. 
Mrs. Reese was baptized, nursed and 
nourished in the faith of the "Old Inde- 
pendent Chapel" of Llanbrynmair until 
her emigration to America, as was her 
mother and her grandmother, Mary 
Roberts, who had been a member of the 
"Old Independent Chapel" for seventy- 



four years after her first communion. 
Mrs. Reese was a faithful and respected 
member of the First Congregational 
Church of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, for 
fifty-four years at the time of her death, 
June 2, 1898. Her life from childhood 
had been a consecrated life. She had been 
a tower of strength to her husband in the 
dark days of his business life and a most 
loving, devoted mother. "Her children 
rise up and call her blessed " She was a 
loyal friend in the hour of adversity, and 
her sister, Mrs. William Hopkins, was a 
faithful and respected member of the First 
Congregational Church of Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania, for sixty years. They were 
both worthy of their high ancestry 

Eleven children were born to Isaac and 
Elizabeth (Jones) Reese, six of whom 
died in childhood and early youth. The 
five who lived to maturity are : 

I. George W. Reese, eldest son of Isaac 
and Elizabeth (Jones) Reese, was born 
in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, October 13, 
1858. He was educated in the public 
schools of Pittsburgh and in the Iron City 
Business College. He was his father's 
ablest assistant in the manufacture of Sil- 
ica and Phoenix fire-brick, and the son 
whom Isaac Reese said "Could smell clay 
through a mountain," through his finding 
mines in the most inaccessible and hith- 
erto unknown clay localities. After the 
Reese firm entered the Harbison Walker 
Refractories Company he retained his 
stock and is on the board of directors. 
After the death of his brother, Benjamin, 
he was president and manager of the 
Plate Glass Company of Kittanning, and 
still is a stockholder and director in the 
same. In February, 191 1, he organized 
the Fort Pitt Powder Company of which 
he is president. In 1877 Mr. Reese was 
married to Mary M. Donnelly, of Pitts- 
burgh. One child, Margaret, was born of 
this union. The second marriage of Mr. 
Reese was to Juanita Truby, daughter of 



2415 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Simon Truby, a descendant of Colonel 
Christopher Truby, a distinguished pi- 
oneer and patriot who served as colonel 
in the Revolution. One child born of this 
union, George, is deceased. 

2. Benjamin F. Reese, second son of 
Isaac and Elizabeth (Jones) Reese, was 
born in Pittsburgh, February i6, 1862. 
He attended the public schools of Pitts- 
burgh until he was fifteen years old, when 
his father's business failure impressed 
him with the necessity of doing some- 
thing toward the family's support. Ac- 
cordingly, without saying a word to any 
one, he started out in search of work and 
found it in the steel works of Miller, Barr 
& Parkin. (It is a significant fact that his 
great-grandfather, left an orphan at ten 
years of age, and the eldest of several 
sisters and brothers, had started out on 
a similar quest and found work in a blast- 
furnace at Brecon. This is the first known 
instance of a member of the Rees family 
engaging as an iron worker.) Benjamin 
remained with Miller, Barr & Parkin until 
his father had the works started at Alan- 
orville, when he became foreman. The 
bent of his mind lay in gas and oil fields, 
and had he lived to these days of vast ex- 
ploiting in those field, the germ would 
doubtless have fructified and borne large 
fruit. His business career though brief 
was highly successful, and gave promise 
of great results. His clear perception, his 
quick mental grasp of a business proposi- 
tion and his broad-mindedness and daring 
bore early fruit, and his generous and 
manly treatment of his business associ- 
ates gained their confidence and esteem. 
He was one of the founders and heavy 
stockholders in the Kittanning Plate 
Glass Company. He valued his word 
above his bond. "Your Benjamin's word 
stands the same as his bond in Butler 
county," said an oil producer to Mr. Reese 
one day in Butler. "It stands the same 
in Allegheny county and Armstrong 

24 



county, wherever he is known," said the 
pleased father. He married Eleanor Ma- 
thias, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. David 
Alathias, of Chicago, Illinois. He died 
without issue, October 4, 1904. 

3. Walter Lawrence Reese, the youngest 
son of Isaac and Elizabeth (Jones) Reese, 
was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 
September 26, 1868. He married Tirzah. 
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. David Thomas, 
of Greensburg, Pennsylvania. They re- 
side in Pittsburgh. 

4. Elvira, eldest of the family living, re- 
sides in Pittsburgh. "Elvira seems to 
have inherited in a marked degree the in- 
tellectual and religious endowments of 
both branches of the family. This she 
has cultivated and developed, by wide, 
discriminating and critical reading of liter- 
ature in all its branches — philosophy, the- 
ology, poetry, fiction, etc. One of the re- 
sults of her extensive reading is the pub- 
lication of a literary calendar, entitled 
'Showers of Blessing.' The book contains 
selections for every day in the year, culled 
from the writings of all nations and all 
ages. 'Showers of Blessing' was published 
by the Pilgrim Press of Boston, Massa- 
chusetts, whose chief reader pronounced 
it the finest book of its kind on the market. 
Its conception and execution reveal most 
comprehensive intellectual grasp coupled 
with a masterly genius for details. It 
contains four hundred pages. The book 
is one of the most beautiful demonstra- 
tions of the doubleness of the great prob- 
lem of existence — the spiritual and ma- 
terial, the Divine and Human, the Fi- 
nite and Infinite. 'Everything that is is 
double.' " — G. S. Richards, Pastor First 
Congregational Church, of Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania. 

5. Emma, second daughter, married F. 
L. Snowden, of Allegheny City, Pennsyl- 
vania (now Northside, Pittsburgh) Sep- 
tember 27, 1876. They have two sons : 
Reese Olver Snowden, now a resident 

16 




Zemn Biilm^^tv. 



^qWW^^^^X^^ \ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of Lancaster, California. He married 
Minerva Burke, of Pittsburgh, Pennsyl- 
vania. F. Laird Snowden, second son, 
married Cora Thomas, daughter of Mr. 
and Mrs. David Thomas, of Greensburg, 
Pennsylvania. 

The loyalty of his disposition was in 
nothing more strikingly manifested than 
in Mr. Reese's strong and lasting friend- 
ships. The fraternal relations of Mr. 
Reese were with the Masons. Politically 
he was a staunch Republican. 

The death of Isaac Reese, which oc- 
curred January i, 1908, was a loss well- 
nigh irreparable. Strong in his convic- 
tions, quiet, firm and decisive in negotia- 
tion, possessing a clear mind and excel- 
lent memory, regular in his habits and 
liberal in his charities, he represented a 
type of man who has helped to make 
Pittsburgh one of the dominant cities of 
the United States and of the world at 
large. Such a man leaves the world better 
than he found it and such a man was 
Isaac Reese. The testimonials of respect 
to his memory and the outpouring of 
friends gave evidence to the high esteem 
in which he had been held. 



Note. — (Much of the history of the Reese 
sketch was contributed by Miss Elvira Reese — 
some of the material taken from translations of 
Welsh letters, some from family traditions, and 
much from a copy of a history given to her 
mother many years ago. when in Wales, by her 
cousin, the author of it, Richard Williams, a 
Fellow of the Royal Historical Society.) 



REESE, Jacob, 

Manufacturer, Inventor. 

Among the prominent men of Pitts- 
burgh of the past was the late Jacob 
Reese, the inventor of the essential con- 
ditions of the basic Bessemer and the 
basic open-hearth process for steel mak- 
ing, which revolutionized the industry in 
the United States. 

Jacob Reese was born in Llannelly, 
Wales, July 14, 1825, the son of William 



24 



and Elizabeth (Joseph) Reese. A full 
account of the Reese family is to be found 
in the biography of Isaac Reese on pre- 
ceding pages of this work. William 
Reese, the father, constructed the first 
sand-bottom furnace as applied to pud- 
dling in the United States, at Bellefonte, 
Pennsylvania, and his son Jacob, a mere 
lad, assisted in making the first "bloom" 
under the "boiling'' process. Jacob 
Reese built and was general manager of 
the first iron works in Sharon, Pennsyl- 
vania. He erected and was the first 
superintendent of the Cambria Iron 
Works in Johnstown, Pennsylvania, an- 
tedating John Fritz, a recent recipient of 
the Bessemer gold medal of the British 
Iron and Steel Institute. He built and 
operated the Fort Pitt Iron Works in 
Pittsburgh, of which he was part owner, 
and during the Civil War made iron 
armor plate of one-inch thickness for the 
United States government. He brought 
the earliest shipments of ore from the 
lake regions, which ore was used as a 
'Tix" for the "boiling" furnaces which had 
superseded the puddling furnace, and 
before there was a blast furnace in Alle- 
gheny county. Prior to the erection of 
the Fort Pitt Iron Works ("known famil- 
iarly as the Reese & Graff mill), Mr. 
Reese, with the same partners, owned 
and operated the Petrolite Oil Refiner\% 
of Pittsburgh, the largest oil refinery in 
the State. 

During his lifetime Jacob Reese took 
out about one hundred and seventy-five 
patents in the United States, and has a 
record of over five hundred inventions 
and discoveries. He discovered that 
basic slag from basic Bessemer process, 
when properly ground, is a good fer- 
tilizer, and worked up an industry in 
this. Jacob Reese was eminent as a 
metallurgist and scientist. His long legal 
contest over his patent claims for the 
open-hearth process of steel-making made 
17 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



his name known the world over among 
capitalists and men of science. In prac- 
tical demonstration he was foremost as 
an engineer and worker. 

He was a stockholder in many con- 
cerns of magnitude. He was a resident 
of Pittsburgh for over fifty years. He 
moved to Philadelphia in 1892, where he 
died on March 25, 1907, from paralysis. 
At the time of his death he was working 
on a system of language for deaf mutes. 
Jacob Reese was a fellow of the Ameri- 
can Association for the Advancement of 
Science ; a member of Franklin Institute, 
and the Philadelphia Academy, Philadel- 
phia; he was a past master of Franklin 
Lodge, No. 221, Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons, held at Pittsburgh; he was a thirty- 
second degree Mason, and a master Ma- 
son for fifty-two years ; and was a Knight 
Templar. He had held the office of dea- 
con in the Baptist church for sixty-one 
years ; he was a public advocate of tem- 
perance, a platform orator, and a parlia- 
mentarian. During the whole of his adult 
life he was identified with all leading phil- 
anthropic, civic and industrial movements 
in Pennsylvania. Jacob Reese for a time 
was manager of the Clinton Iron Works 
at Pittsburgh, owned then by English, 
Bennett & Company, and in this mill he 
made the first iron rails that were made 
in Pittsburgh. While in the oil refinery 
business he had one tank, the largest ever 
made for oil refining up to that time, with 
a capacity of one thousand barrels ; also 
the largest still. 

Jacob Reese married (first) Eliza Mat- 
thews, of Pittsburgh, by whom he had 
the following children : George, Frank, 
Walter and Harvey Reese, of Philadel- 
phia and New York City; Mrs. John Q. 
Everson, of Pittsburgh ; and Mrs. Barton 
Kinne, of New York. Mr. Reese married 
Csecond) Miss Jessie McElroy, of Phil- 
delphia. 

Jacob Reese was a man of great merit. 

241 



He led a life of usefulness and honor, and 
he set an example worthy to be studied 
and imitated by the rising generation of 
the country. 



REESE, Abram, 

Manufacturer, Inventor. 

Abram Reese, of Pittsburgh, who in 
June, 1871, had the honor of rolling the 
first rail rolled west of the Mississippi 
river, was born in Llannelly, Wales, in 
1829, the sixth child of William and 
Elizabeth Reese. A full account of the 
Reese family is to be found in the biog- 
raphy of Isaac Reese, which, with his por- 
trait, is elsewhere in this work. 

Abram Reese came to this country 
with his parents in 1832. He was a child 
when his father built the first sand- 
bottom furnace as applied to puddling 
in the United States, at Bellefonte, where 
the first "bloom" was made. Abram 
Reese had an enviable record as an in- 3 
ventor. When a young man he invented 
a bolt machine of such perfection, and . 
which shaped head and spike in one I 
operation, that the principle on which « 
the machine was built is unchanged to- 
day. This machine was operated for . 
years in the Lewis, Oliver & Phillips mill I 
in Pittsburgh. He was the inventor of ' 
the only known machine which rolls 
shaped metal with one roll ; that is, a 
horseshoe complete in one operation, or 
an ax with a hole in it, and the like. The 
machine was operated in the Reese & 
Graff mills in Pittsburgh, and is now in 
successful running, elsewhere, for the 
manufacture of probably half a hundred 
specialties. He was the inventor of the 
Universal Beam Mill and the inventor of 
the gas conduit now in general use. Other 
of his more notable inventions are : A 
machine for re-rolling old rails, a safety 
car stove, live stock feeding apparatus for 
freight cars, a brake, corrugated sheet 




♦wx/^>t>«^^ (JR^eJ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



iron for roofing, a garden hoe, and supple- 
mentary devices in number. Abram Reese 
worked in the rolling mills of Pittsburgh 
when a boy. He was the first labor boss 
at the Cambria Iron Works at Johnstown, 
Pennsylvania, when this mill was being 
built and managed by his brother, Jacob 
(whose biography and portrait are else- 
where in this work). Abram Reese pud- 
dled the first "heat" in the Cambria Iron 
Works. He was later manager of the 
Fort Pitt, or the Reese & Graff mill, as 
the works were known, in Pittsburgh, of 
which his brother Jacob was part pro- 
prietor, and during the Civil War oper- 
ated this mill in the interest of the United 
States government, making iron armor 
plates. He was later general manager of 
the Excelsior Iron Works, located on the 
present site of the Schoen Steel Car Com- 
pany at Woods Run. After this he was 
superintendent of the Vulcan Iron Works 
at St. Louis. In later years Mr. Reese 
equipped and started a mill for the re- 
lolling of oil rails in Louisville, Kentucky. 
He was engaged in other enterprises, was 
at one time manager of the Petrolite Oil 
Refinery of Pittsburgh, and was one of 
the pioneer oil operators during the early 
excitement in Oil City. He was inter- 
ested in coal and mining, and superin- 
dended what were the earliest shipments 
of ore, probably, to Pittsburgh from the 
lake region. At the time he rolled the 
first rail west of the Mississippi river, in 
June, 1871. as stated above, Mr. Reese 
was superintendent of the Vulcan Iron 
Works, located in South St. Louis. A 
piece of the rail is preserved at Jefferson, 
the capital of Missouri. General U. S. 
Grant, President of the United States, 
visited the works about this time, and 
congratulated the owners and superin- 
tendent on the achievement. 

For some years prior to his death, 
which occurred April 25, 1908, Mr. Reese 
had lived a retired life in Pittsburgh. 

24 



Mr. Reese married Mary Godwin, of Hi- 
worth, Wiltshire, England. Her brothers 
were pioneer potters of Ohio and West 
Virginia. Children of Abram and Mary 
(Godwin) Reese: Harry W., of Pitts- 
burgh ; Arthur B., of Pittsburgh ; Stanley 
C, of Pittsburgh (see biography follow- 
ing) ; Charles, of New York, and Cara, 
who is deceased. 



REESE, Stanley C, 

Scientist. 

Stanley Chester Reese was born in 
Pittsburgh, May 4, 1874. He attended 
the Springfield public school and the 
Central High School, from which he 
graduated with honors in 1892. He 
entered Princeton University, from which 
he graduated with the degree A. B., cum 
laiide, in 1896, having taken sophomore 
high honors in Latin and mathematics, 
and college high honors in mathematics 
and science, as well as special mention for 
public speaking, during his college course. 
Mr. Reese was a member of the American 
Whig Society of Princeton, a literary so- 
ciety of which one of the founders was 
James Madison. At his graduation Mr. 
Reese was awarded the J. S. K. Fellow- 
ship in mathematics as the result of com- 
petitive examination open to all the mem- 
bers of his class. He spent the year 1896- 
1897 at Princeton as fellow in mathe- 
matics, pursuing advanced work in mathe- 
matics and the exact sciences. During 
the year, Mrs. William Thaw, of Pitts- 
burgh, established the Thaw Fellowship 
in Astronomy, open to any graduate of 
not more than five years' standing of any 
American college, and in June, 1897, Mr. 
Reese was awarded this honor. He con- 
tinued his work at Princeton as fellow 
during 1897-98, and as Professor of 
Mathematics and Modern Languages in 
the Princeton University Academy during 
1898-1899. He received the A. M. degree 
19 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



in course in 1897, ^""^ i" 1899 presented 
himself for the degree of Doctor of Phi- 
losophy, the requirements for which de- 
gree included an oral examination on the 
most advanced works of astronomy, 
mathematics, and logic, and a thesis em- 
bodying an original contribution to the 
sum total of human knowledge. Mr. 
Reese presented a thesis on the "Jupiter 
Perturbations of Planet No. 367," a re- 
search to locate one of the lost asteroids, 
and his examination included questions 
on the works of the modern English, 
French and German mathematicians, as 
well as on astronomy, logic and the alge- 
bra of logic. Mr. Reese won the degree, 
and was the youngest man to receive the 
Ph. D. degree from Princeton. 

Dr. Reese became a charter member of 
the American Astronomical Society in 
1899, and while attending its initial meet- 
ing at Yerkes Observatory, University 
of Chicago, he received the appointment 
of Research Assistant, a position he held 
until 1901, when he returned to Pitts- 
burgh and entered upon the practice of 
engineering with the Carnegie Steel Com- 
pany. Since that time Mr. Reese followed 
engineering as a vocation, serving five 
years with the Riter Conley Manufactur- 
ing Company: two years with the Jones 
& Laughlin Steel Company; and five 
years with the United States Steel Corpo- 
ration. He continued, however, his origi- 
nal researches, and his papers on "Cross 
Rolls for Tube Mills" and "Distortion of 
Tubes of Large Diameter," together with 
his researches while at the Yerkes Obser- 
vatory on "The Field of the Reflecting 
Telescope," and his translations and re- 
views of Moritz von Rohr's German works 
on optics, resulted in his being elected a 
fellow of the American Association for 
the Advancement of Science in 1908. 
Abroad, Dr. Reese has received recogni- 
tion from Germany, England and France 
— German scientists commenting favor- 

2. 



ably on his translations and reviews ; the 
learned representatives of Great Britain 
electing him a foreign member of the 
Royal Societies Club, St. James street, 
London ; and M. Gaston Darboux, per- 
manent secretary of the French Academy, 
authorizing him to make the translation 
of M. Darboux's "Eulogy on Henri Poin- 
care." Henri Poincare was a cousin of 
the President of France, and is said to 
have been the world's greatest mathema- 
tician. While Dr. Reese has devoted most 
study to engineering and mathematics, the 
extent of his other interests may be 
judged from a partial list of the organi- 
zations with which he has been most 
closely identified. For eight or ten years 
he conducted successful classes in Eng- 
lish and public speaking in the Central 
Young Men's Christian Association, and 
was a member of the evening class com- 
mittee of the East Liberty Young Men's 
Christian Association. For several years 
he trained debating teams for the Pitts- 
burgh Chapter, American Bankers' Insti- 
tute, the teams in every case being suc- 
cessful. 

Dr. Reese is a past master of Duquesne 
Lodge, No. 546, Free and Accepted 
Masons ; past high priest of Pittsburgh 
Chapter, No. 268, Royal Arch Masons : 
was prelate for several years of Duquesne 
Commandery, No. 72, Knights Templar; 
and received the cryptic degrees in Mt. 
Moriah Council, No. 2, Royal and Select 
Master Masons ; and is a thirty-second 
degree Mason of the Scottish Rite in 
Pennsylvania Consistory. Dr. Reese has 
also served as director of the Fort Pitt 
Rifle Club and as advisory member of 
the Luther Burbank Society and the An- 
thological Society. He has also been a 
member of the American Society for the 
Judicial Settlement of International Dis- 
putes, the Maryland Peace Society, and 
the National Geographical Societ>'. 
420 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Dr. Reese is the son of the late Abram 
and Mary (Godwin) Reese. His mother 
was born in Wiltshire, England ; while 
his father was of a family of Welsh 
inventors. One uncle, Isaac Reese, was 
the inventor of the silica brick, and Jacob 
Reese, another uncle, was the inventor of 
the present open-hearth process of mak- 
ing steel. Dr. Reese's father, Abram 
Reese, was the patentee of many im- 
provements on rolling mill processes. 
Dr. Reese, while not claiming any of the 
inventive genius of his forefathers, has 
designed and perfected many useful me- 
chanical devices, among them spacing 
tables, cantry cranes, and magnetic 
clutches. He designed the largest steel 
ladle ever built, and has recently de- 
veloped a new machine for lifting the 
doors off coke ovens. Dr. Reese resides 
at No. 628 College avenue. East End. 
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. A brother, 
Charles Reese, is a talented artist in New 
York ; his only sister, Cara Reese, noted 
as an authoress and writer, died in 1914. 



STEWART, William L., 

Manufaturer, Financier, Civic Iicader. 

From the dawn of history the Scotch- 
man has been a power. He has founded 
and overthrown churches and dynasties, 
contended for political and religious free- 
dom, and has laid down his life for his 
country and his convictions. He has 
impressed on the New World, as on the 
Old, the stamp of his strong individual- 
ity, and on no State in the Union has it 
been more indelibly engraved than on 
Pennsylvania. To her citizens of Scot- 
tish birth and ancestry Pittsburgh owes 
an incalculable debt, and many members 
of the hardy and valiant Caledonian race 
are now sustaining and increasing the 
prosperity and prestige of the city. 
Among the foremost of these is William 



Lincoln Stewart, who is one of Pitts- 
burgh's most successful and influential 
business men. 

(I) James Stewart, grandfather of Wil- 
liam Lincoln Stewart, was born in Scot- 
land. He emigrated to America, locating 
in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where he 
married Olive Martin, a Quakeress. 

(II) George Washington Stewart, son 
of James and Olive (Martin) Stewart, 
was born in Philadelphia, and educated in 
Ohio. He started in business early in 
life as an employee of a Mr. Catlett, a 
merchant and grain dealer of Wellsville, 
Ohio. He was steadily advanced and 
soon started in business for himself as a 
merchant at Wellsville, Ohio. He later 
went to Yellow Creek, Jefferson county, 
Ohio, and then went to Virginia, where 
he became a prominent merchant and 
business man, conducting an extensive 
business, in addition to being a wool and 
grain dealer and brick manufacturer. It 
was after his return to Virginia that he 
met his wife, who was Mary Amanda, 
daughter of Thomas J. and Nancy (Bren- 
neman) Hewitt. Thomas J. Hewitt had 
been a merchant in Allegheny county, 
Pennsylvania; he served as justice of the 
peace and was in charge of cadets ; was 
a prominent man in Pennsylvania for 
some years before his removal to Vir- 
ginia, where he became prominently 
identified with the business and official 
life of that State. As a civil engineer he 
laid out Brooke and Hancock counties, 
Virginia, and at one time was a member 
of the Assembly of Virginia. His son. 
Major C. C. Hewitt, was graduated from 
West Point Military Academy, class of 
1874, and served as major of the Nine- 
teenth Infantry, United States Army, for 
thirty years. Nancy (Brenneman) Hewitt 
was a granddaughter of Jacob Nessly, 
who came from Lancaster county, Penn- 
sylvania, to Hancock county. West Vir- 



2421 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ginia, September 17, 1785, and took up 
seven thousand acres of land on the Ohio 
river, which tract up to the present time 
belongs to his descendants. 

In attempts to trace the family of Jacob 
Nessly to a foreign ancestry, it has not 
been definitely learned when his ances- 
tors came to this country, but the impres- 
sion is that they emigrated from the 
Swiss-Loraine district, on the borders of 
France, about the year 1730. Jacob 
Nessly first settled in Strasburg town- 
ship, Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, 
where in 1772 he married Elizabeth Grofif. 
Elizabeth Grofif was a descendant of 
Hans Groflf, who fled from the persecu- 
tion against the Mennonites in Switzer- 
land and settled on GrofT's Run, West 
Earl township, Lancaster county, Penn- 
sylvania, in 1717, he being the first 
settler of the township, which was named 
in honor of him — Earl being the English 
name of Grofif. In 1885 the descendants 
of this worthy Swiss pioneer celebrated 
the one hundredth anniversary of his 
settlement on the Ohio, and his grand- 
daughter, Mrs. Nancy (Brenneman) 
Hewitt, his oldest living descendant, was 
present. George Washington and Mary 
Amanda (Hewitt) Stewart were parents 
of six children: i. Edmond David Stew- 
art, merchant and fruit dealer, of New 
Cumberland, West Virginia ; married, and 
has one son, Edmond David, Jr., graduate 
of University of West Virginia, now at- 
tending Harvard Law School. 2. Captain 
Charles Sumner Stewart, a retired busi- 
ness man of Beaver, Pennsylvania ; mar- 
ried, and has two daughters: Grace and 
Rebecca. 3. George Washington, Jr., in 
business with his brother, William Lin- 
coln Stewart; has three children, two 
daughters and one son. 4. Arthur Heaton 
Stewart, is in the shoe business with his 
brothers, William L. and George W. ; 
married Harriet, daughter of B. Connell, 



of Virginia, and has three children : Eliza- 
beth, George and Arthur. 5. William 
Lincoln Stewart, see below. 6. Mary 
Stewart, married George C. Thompson, 
of East Liverpool, Ohio, a son of C. C. 
Thompson, who founded the C. C.Thomp- 
son Pottery Company, of East Liverpool, 
and nephew of W. L. Thompson, the 
famous composer; the C. C. Thompson 
Pottery Company was the first plant 
established in East Liverpool, and George 
C. Thompson is the present manager of it. 
George C. and Mary (Stewart) Thompson 
are the parents of one child, Stewart 
Thompson, educated at Princeton Uni- 
versity. 

(Ill) William Lincoln Stewart, son of 
George Washington and Mary Amanda 
(Hewitt) Stewart, was born at Yellow 
Creek, Jefferson county, Ohio, July i, 
1865. He was educated in the schools 
of New Cumberland, West Virginia, and 
the public schools of Pittsburgh, Penn- 
sylvania. He then returned to Virginia 
with his father, and was associated with 
him in business until the death of the 
father, when he and his brother, George 
W. Stewart, continued the business for 
several years. In May, 1890, the brothers 
came to Pittsburgh and established a 
wholesale and jobbing shoe business on 
Wood street, which was known as 
Stewart, Hackett & Company for five 
years, when the name of the firm was 
changed to Stewart Brothers & Company. 
The firm prospered, and larger quarters 
being found necessary, they removed to 
713 Liberty street, where the business 
was conducted for ten years, at the end 
of which time the growing business ne- 
cessitated another removal to 917 Liberty 
avenue. In 1906 another change of loca- 
tion was made to the present commodious 
building at 945 Penn avenue, where there 
are ten floors, with a combined aggregate 
of 45,000 square feet. 



2422 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Some idea of the phenomenal growth 
of this business may be obtained when it 
is understood that in nine years this 
house, from the smallest of its kind in the 
city, became the largest. It is the finest 
equipped boot and shoe establishment in 
America, and has the largest stock of 
tennis shoes in the world. Mr. Stewart 
and his brother, who compose the firm, 
are ranked among the most enterprising 
business men in Western Pennsylvania. 
The success of the firm has been chiefly 
due to the fact that the employees are 
carefully trained by the Messrs. Stewart 
in their business methods. One of Mr. 
Stewart's chief characteristics is that of 
being easily approached, no one in his 
employ feeling the slightest hesitancy in 
asking him anything, and he treats all 
with the greatest consideration, irrespec- 
tive of position. Nothing gives him more 
pleasure than to recognize merit in the 
employees of the company, and he bases 
his promotions upon their worth and 
ability. He knows all the details of his 
business, is full of initiative and origi- 
nality, and is a man who is bound to 
succeed in anything he undertakes. His 
mind is keenly analytical and his con- 
clusions are based on his own logical 
deductions. Mr. Stewart is a man of 
genial personality, large and well-formed, 
whose keen eyes light up his strong face, 
in which good nature and humor are 
mingled. He is a man who keeps his 
word absolutely. His is the magnetism 
of a strong personality — a man of great 
cordiality and kindliness. Mr. Stewart 
is vice-president of the Merchants' Bank 
of Pittsburgh ; and a director in the 
Greater Pittsburgh Land Development 
Company, which is developing large 
tracts of land in McKeesport, Pennsyl- 
vania. He is interested in various other 
concerns, among which is the Cumber- 
land Oil Company. 



Whenever possible, Mr. Stewart does 
all in his power for the uplift of human- 
ity. In April, 1912, he was a member 
of the Morals Efficiency Commission of 
Pittsburgh — a commission created to see 
what could be done to eradicate evil from 
the city, and which accomplished much 
good. Mr. Stewart was treasurer of this 
commission, and was the only business 
man serving on it. He devotes much 
time to aiding young men and boys in 
whom he sees ability, and has started 
many on the way to business success. 
He is frequently called upon to address 
various business associations, and has 
gained some note as a speaker on busi- 
ness aids. Mr. Stewart is a member of 
the Pittsburgh Athletic Association and 
the Pittsburgh Field Club. In politics 
he is affiliated with the Republican party, 
but has never held office, although often 
urged to become a candidate for various 
offices. He is a member and chairman 
of the trustees of the First Methodist 
Protestant Church, and is a director of 
the Preachers' Aid Society of that denom- 
ination. He is also one of the incorpora- 
tors of the St. Regis Home for Working 
Girls. 

On January i, 1896, Mr. Stewart mar- 
ried Miss Edna, daughter of Nathaniel D. 
and Margaret (Starr) Wright, of Steu- 
benville, Ohio. Nathaniel D. Wright was 
born near Paris, Pennsylvania, and later 
became a business man of Steubenville, 
Ohio. Mrs. Margaret (Starr) Wright 
was a daughter of Thomas Starr, who 
was a comparatively wealthy man before 
he went to California, prior to the Civil 
War, and became successful in the min- 
ing business ; he was a man of fine edu- 
cation, and after his retirement from 
business devoted his time to astronomy, 
becoming quite noted in this science. 
Children of Mr. and Mrs. William Lin- 
coln Stewart: i. William L., Jr., born 



2423 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



January 17, 1898, educated at Boys' Col- 
legiate School and at Shadyside Acad- 
emy, Pittsburgh ; entered Yale Univer- 
sity in 1915, will later go to Harvard 
University. 2. Margaret Wright, edu- 
cated by governesses and at Miss Shears' 
School, Pittsburgh. Mrs. Stewart was 
educated at Steubenville Female Semi- 
nary, Steubenville, Ohio, and at Walnut 
Lane Seminary, Philadelphia, having been 
graduated from both institutions. She 
is active socially, serves on various phil- 
anthropic boards, and is a member of nu- 
merous clubs. 

William Lincoln Stewart's life has been 
one of unabating energy and unfaltering 
industry, and while he has never sought 
to figure in any public light, he belongs 
to that class of substantial business men 
who constitute the bulwark of a city's 
strength and development. 



TRESCOTT FAMILY. 

The Trescott family, representatives of 
which in the present generation have at- 
tained high standing in the legal profes- 
sion, one being the first woman attorney 
admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pennsylvania, in which they have achiev- 
ed not only success but distinction, traces 
its ancestry to William Trescott, of Dor- 
chester, Massachusetts, born 1614, the 
first of the family of whom there is any 
authentic record. 

On October 18, 1902, the school com- 
mittee of the town of Hyde Park, Mas- 
sachusetts voted that the new school- 
house built in the East River street neigh- 
borhood should be called the "Trescott 
School," the first Trescott house in Amer- 
ica having been built in that locality. At 
that time Mr. Charles F. Jenney com- 
piled from the New England records a 
history and genealogical record of the 
Trescott family of Dorchester and Milton, 
which was published in the "Hyde Park 



Historical Record," vol. iii. No. i, April, 
1903. Mr. Jenney states : "As the name 
is not now, and has not been for many 
years represented in the territory now 
comprising Hyde Park, it is timely to 
gather together what is known concern- 
ing the family and in particular its con- 
nection with our own territory." 

This history, together with family 
records kept by the Huntington members 
of the family, whose ancestors came from 
Connecticut to Huntingfton, Luzerne 
county, Pennsylvania, seem to make an 
c-Uthentic record. A sketch of the family 
appearing in "Families of the Wyoming 
and Lackawanna Valleys, Pennsylvania," 
published about 1906, contains many in- 
accuracies. 

The Trescott family took an important 
part in the early activities of New Eng- 
land. Their names are mentioned in the 
genealogical records of that section in 
many places. One was mentioned in a 
letter written by Colonel Thomas West- 
brook, April 27, 1725, enclosing orders to 
the commanding officers of the military 
companies, with instructions to proceed 
at once against the enemies, the Indians 
in Maine. The letter said, among other 
things : 

If you are of opinion that you may not be 
safely spared from your garrison at this season, 
I order that Captain Bean have the Command and 
procure men and instructions, and Hee shall take 
some suitable good officers to command under 
him. Mr. Trescott is the bearer hereof whom I 
appoint for the third officer in this march, and in 
case you do not go yourself, he is to be second. 

Colonel Westbrook received a letter 
written May 4, 1725: 

I have your Honor's orders pr. Ens. Trescott, 
who coming by Cape Porpoise last Saturday with 
four men, was fired upon by a party of nine or 
ten Indians. Trescott is Shott through the thigh 
and through the ankle. The other members of 
the party had their gim-stocks Shott off. They 



2424 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



immediately made up a party of twenty-four men 
to follow the Indians, some soldiers, some inhabi- 
tants and some sailors, though they were not able 
to go themselves. 

In a letter written July 13, 1720, from 
Georgetown, by John Penhallow to Colo- 
nel Hutchinson, writing of the troubles 
they were having with the Indians, "Writ- 
ing in behalf of Ye Town," he says, "we 
have only one Commanding Officer here 
(Lieut. Trescut)." 

There were two Trescotts in the expe- 
dition against Canada in 1690; Joseph 
was a drummer boy in Captain John 
Withington's Company, and did not re- 
turn. 

Samuel Trescott was a soldier in King 
Philip's War in garrison at Punkapauge, 
April 24, 1676, and a number of the family 
served in the Revolutionary War. 

A petition of the inhabitants of Dor- 
chester, sent to the Governor upon the 
restoration of King Charles II., pleading 
for their rights, contained the names of 
William Trescott, Samuel Trescott and 
George Dyer. 

William Trescott, of Dorchester, was 
born in 1614; he married in Dorchester, 
Elizabeth Dyer, daughter of George 
Dyer, one of the original settlers of the 
town of Dorchester. There were nine 
children of William and Elizabeth Tres- 
cott, born and baptized in Dorchester. 
One of these children was Samuel, born 
November 4, 1646. He was dismissed 
from the church in Dorchester to the 
church in Milton, August 17, 1687, and 
joined the church in Milton, August 21, 

1687. He married Margaret , who 

died March 19, 1742, in her eighty-ninth 
year. He served in King Philip's War, 
knd was interested in a grist mill on the 
Neponset river, at Mattapan, in 1710. 
The Dorchester record states: "Samuel 
Trescott, born November 4, 1646, is by 
God's mercy an active man in Feb. 1728- 



29." He died at Milton, July 30, 1730, 
and was buried in the churchyard at that 
place. 

One of the fourteen children of Samuel 
and Margaret Trescott was Ebenezer. 
He was the fifth child, and was born in 
Dorchester, April 20, 1680. He removed 
to Mansfield, Connecticut, and married 

there February 12, 1713, Bridget . 

They had ten children, one of whom was 
Samuel Trescott, born in Mansfield, Con- 
necticut, August 31, 1815. 

Samuel Trescott, son of Ebenezer, mar- 
ried Hannah Whipple, of Sheffield, Mas- 
.sachusetts, a relative of Seth Whipple. 
The children born to them were: Solon, 
born June 26, 1750; Seth, date of birth 
unknown, died March 10, 1783, in Hunt- 
ington township, Luzerne county, Penn- 
sylvania ; and Ebenezer, date of whose 
birth and death are unknown. 

Samuel Trescott and his sons — Solon, 
Seth and Ebenezer — went to Huntington, 
Luzerne county, Pennsylvania, about 
1770, and laid out the township, and built 
a cabin along Huntington creek, near 
what is now Harveyville. They returned 
to Connecticut and served in Washing- 
ton's army during the campaigns of 177& 
and 1777. They were in the many engage- 
ments during these two disastrous years, 
and after their term of enlistment expired 
the brothers returned to Huntington and 
both enrolled in the company of Captain 
John Franklin, and with him marched to 
Forty Fort to participate in the efforts 
to save the Susquehanna settlements from 
destruction by the Tories and Indians. 
After their escape from Forty Fort, where 
they were held as prisoners a short time 
after John Butler was in possession of the 
Fort, they returned to Huntington and 
assisted others to escape who were still 
remaining there. They had been preceded 
by bands of roving Indians who were 
busy robbing, burning and devastating 



2425 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the homes that had been deserted. Sev- 
eral of the people the Trescotts expected 
to find were gone, and of some of them 
no tidings were ever obtained. The Tres- 
cotts went down the river some distance, 
then taking an easterly course eventually 
reached Connecticut. 

Seth Trescott, son of Samuel Tres- 
cott, removed to Bradford county, Penn- 
sylvania, and his children, so far as known 
were : Jonathan, Elizabeth ; Emily, mar- 
ried to Moss ; Theresa, married 

to Downing; and Angeline. 

Ebenezer Trescott, son of Samuel Tres- 
cott, returned to Huntington, and his chil- 
dren were : Enos, Lucy, married to 

Forbes ; Patience, married to Hix, 

and Charity, married to Myers. 

Solon Trescott, son of Samuel Tres- 
cott, married Margaret Lewis, daughter 
of Edward and Bridget Lewis, of Ash- 
ford, Connecticut, July 8, 1779. They re- 
turned to Huntington about 1794, bring- 
ing with them their six children. They 
settled along Huntington creek, near the 
site of their original cabin, which had an 
oak tree grown through. The tree stood 
for many years and was cut down only a 
few years ago. The old house built by 
them still remains, and is occupied by 
Edward Harrison, grandson of Truman 
Trescott, hereinafter mentioned. Mar- 
garet Trescott died April 13, 1826, and 
Solon, April 15, 1826, two days apart. 
Their children were : 

I. Hannah, born in Massachusetts, 
January 6, 1781, died in Huntington, 1854, 
aged seventy-three years. She married 
Samuel Chapin, a descendant of Deacon 
Chapin, of Revolutionary fame ; their 
children, born in Huntington, were: 
Jason, Solon, Permila, unmarried ; Rox- 

anna, married to Jackson ; Sybil, 

married to Potter, and removed to 

Illinois; Mary, married to George Brader, 
died at White Haven ; Dyer Lewis 



Chapin, and Catherine, married to Harry 
Harvey. 

2. Seth, born February 28, 1783, died 
1852. His children were: Annie, mar- 
ried (first) to — • Dodson, (second) to 

George Moore ; and Luzetta, married tc 
Nathan Hartman. 

3. Truman, born May 4, 1785 ; his chil- 
dren were : Elba, a son ; and Sybil, mar- 
ried (first) to Harrison, (second) 

to Raphael Marshall ; her children were 
Truman and Edward L. Harrison. 

4. Luther, born April 29, 1787, died 
February i, 1877; married (first) Eleanor 
Parks ; their children were : Susan, mar- 
ried to John C. Dodson ; William H. Tres- 
cott ; Margaret Lewis, married to Stephen 
Hartman ; Martha, married to Michael 
Lemon ; Solon, Joseph, Edward, and Re- 
becca, married to Albert Beers, of Weath- 
erly, Pennsylvania. 

5. Edward Lewis, born March 11, 1794, 
died in Huntington, May 8, 1890, aged 
ninety-six years, unmarried. He was for 
many years colonel of the Huntington 
Valley Rangers, a military organization 
of Huntington. He appeared in his 
uniform at all patriotic celebrations 
almost to the year of his death at the age 
of ninety-six, and carried the flag so long 
as his strength permitted. 

6. Peter Sylvester, born September 3, j 
1789, died in May, 1884, aged ninety-five I 
years. He married Susan Miller, 1817, a ■ 
native of Chester county, Pennsylvania, 

of Welsh Quaker descent, and a woman 
of fine character. They settled in Black 
Brook Valley, about three miles from the 
home of his father, Solon, and erected a 
small building for a temporary residence 
while they built their new home. Both 
buildings still remain on the old farm, 
where they reared all of their children and 
where the children of their son. Miller 
Barton and Permelia Trescott, hereinafter 
mentioned, were born. The farm is now 
26 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



owned by Mary L. Trescott, hereinafter 
mentioned. The children of Peter Syl- 
vester and Susan Miller Trescott were: 

1. Minerva, married to Robert Patter- 
son, son of Thomas and Mary (Dennison) 
Patterson, who lived at the old Patterson 
homestead adjoining the original Trescott 
home near Harveyville. Their children 
were: Susan, married to Horace Wiant, of 
Dallas, they have one daughter, Sarah 
Minerva ; Thomas Sylvester and Mary A., 
living at the old homestead; Sarah E., 
married to Charles D. Harrison, of Wash- 
ington, D. C, who have four children — 
Robert H., Ruth, Helen, Emily; and Rich- 
ard S., married to Mary, daughter of Rev. 
Webster Coxe, of Alden, Pennsylvania, 
who have three children — Richard S., 
Robert Trescott and Webster Coxe, the 
latter being twins. 

2. Harriet, who died in 1852, at the age 
of twenty-six years, unmarried. 

3. Miller Barton, born in Huntington 
township, Luzerne county, Pennsylvania, 
July 12, 1830, and died December 22, 
1897. He was reared and educated in his 
native town, attending its common 
schools, and for many years followed the 
occupation of civil engineer with marked 
success. He performed special work on 
disputed titles and other matters of a 
similar nature. He served three terms as 
county surveyor of Luzerne county, in 
which capacity he rendered capable and 
efficient service. He was a man of honor 
and integrity, and was beloved and re- 
spected by all with whom he came in 
contact. He married Permelia Stevens 
Rhone, born at Cambra, April 22, 1836, 
daughter of George and Mary Bowman 
(Stevens) Rhone, the former named born 
October 18, 1804, died December 14, 1881, 
and the latter born October 8, 1816, died 
December 20, 1893. George Rhone was a 
farmer in Huntington, Pennsylvania, until 
his removal to Wilkes-Barre, in which 
city the remainder of his life was spent. 



He was a son of Matthias and Naomi 
(LaPorte) Rhone, the former named a 
native of Lehigh county, Pennsylvania, 
his birth occurring near Allentown. He 
was a farmer by occupation, following 
that line of work in his native county. 
He died near Benton, Columbia county, 
Pennsylvania, 1853, aged seventy-five 
years, and his remains are interred in St. 
Gabriel's churchyard. 

Naomi LaPorte was a descendant of 
one of the families of French refugees 
who fled to America during the French 
Revolution and settled at Asylum, Brad- 
ford county, Pennsylvania. They came 
in 1793, almost before the echoes of our 
own Revolution had died away. In 1796 
the town consisted of forty families, 
among them many who had held high 
positions in naval, military and state 
circles in France. When Napoleon came 
into power and repealed the laws of ex- 
patriation which had been passed against 
the emigrants, with the promise of the 
restitution of their confiscated estates on 
their return, the greater part of them 
embraced the opportunity and went back 
to France. Some of them removed to 
Philadelphia, two or three to other parts 
of the country, and but three families 
remained in the vicinity of Asylum. 
Naomi LaPorte was a member of one of 
these families, and was born at LaPort€, 
in what is now Sullivan county. Her 
relative, Hon. John LaPorte, was speaker 
of the General Assembly of Pennsylvania 
in 1832, the fifth term of his membership; 
from 1832 to 1836 he was a member of 
Congress, and Surveyor-General of Penn- 
sylvania from 1845 to 1851. 

Mary Bowman (Stevens) Rhone was 
a daughter of Zebulon Hall Stevens. He 
was a descendant of Henry Stevens, who 
came to this country from England, April 
4, 1669, with his father and two brothers, 
Nicholas and Thomas, and settled in 
Taunton, Massachusetts, Permilia (Bow- 



PA-Vol VII-U 



2427 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



man) Stevens, wife of Zebulon Stevens, John Gallup, of Boston, Massachusetts, 



and mother of Mary Bowman (Stevens) 
Rhone, was the eldest daughter of John 
Bowman, who was born in Bucks county, 
Pennsylvania, April 2, 1772, and died at 
Town Hill, Huntington township, Lu- 
zerne county, February 8, 1848. He mar- 
ried Mary Britton, who died in 1852. He 
was a son of Christopher Bowman, who 
came from Germany in 1754 and settled 
in Bucks county, Pennsylvania. The 
father of Christopher Bowman lived in 
Germany, and was a man of considerable 
eminence and wealth. He had built up a 
village, founded a school, had many men 
in his employ, on occasions issued letters 
which served as passports from province 
to province, seemed to have exercised 
something of the rights and prerogatives 
which belonged to the old feudal nobility, 
and, in fact, the family coat-of-arms is 
said by heraldic authority to have been 
the grade of an earl. He owned a silver 
mine named Mehlenbach, situated in the 
mountain near Ems, about twenty miles 
to the north of Wiesbaden. The name of 
the family in Germany was Bauman, 
which was changed to Bowman by the 
first American ancestor. Christopher and 
his younger brother emigrated to Amer- 
ica in 1754, and within a few years he 
returned to the fatherland on a visit, when 
he sold his interest in the mine at Mehlen- 
bach. Christopher Bowman married 
Susan Banks, sister of Hon. Judge Banks, 
of Reading, a family of Scotch-English 
descent, and a family of considerable dis- 
tinction and prominence both in New 
Jersey and Pennsylvania. They removed 
to Briar Creek, Pennsylvania, where 
Christopher died in 1806, and his wife 
Susan died in 1816. Bishop Thomas 
Bowman, of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, was a grandson. Henry Stevens 
married Eliza or Elizabeth, a daughter of 
Captain John Gallup, a son of Captain 



and both father and son were noted as 
Indian fighters. He came to Pequot in 
1651, where he lived until 1654, when he 
removed to Mystic. Captain Gallup mar- 
ried Hannah Lake, a relative of Governor 
Winthrop. Henry Stevens settled in 
Stonington, Connecticut, and had three 
sons — Thomas, Richard and Henry. 
Thomas married Mary Hall, and settled 
in Plainfield, Connecticut, and had seven 
sons — Thomas, Phineas, Uriah, Caleb, 
Benjamin, Samuel and Zebulon. Zebulon 
was born June 14, 1717, and married 
Miriam Fellows, November 25, 1743. 
Thomas, son of Zebulon, was born May 5, 
1760, at Canaan, Litchfield county, Con- 
necticut, and emigrated to Wyoming be- 
fore the close of the last century. 
Thomas Stevens married Lucy Miller, 
December 2, 1784. Zebulon Hall Stevens, 
son of Thomas, was born January 12, 
1791, and married Permilia Bowman, 
daughter of John Bowman, October 28, 
1813. 

The children of George and Mary 
Bowman (Stevens) Rhone are as follows : 

1. Permelia Stevens, born April 22, 
1836, aforementioned as the wife of Mil- 
ler Barton Trescott. 

2. Daniel LaPorte Rhone, born Janu- 
ary ig, 1838, for many years a successful 
lawyer at Wilkes-Barre, and for twenty 
years judge of the Orphans' Court of 
Luzerne county; he married (first) De- 
cember 6, 1861, Emma Hale Kinsey, 
daughter of John Kinsey, of Montgomery 
Station, Lycoming county, Pennsylvania. 
She died February 18, 1878. They had 
one daughter, Mary Panthea, wife of 
Harry G. Marcy. Daniel LaPorte Rhone 
married (second) December 31, 1879, 
Rosamond L. Dodson, born in Downie- 
ville. Sierra county, California, daughter 
of Osborne and Lucy (Wadsworth) Dod- 
son, of Pennsylvania. Judge and Mrs. 



2428 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Rhone are the parents of two daughters : 
Alice Buckalew, born November 15, 1880, 
and Helen Wadsworth, born November 

5. 1884. 

3. Susan Bowman Rhone, born Janu- 
ary 8, 1840, became the wife of Alfred T. 
Creveling, born September 25, 1833, died 
at Plymouth, Pennsylvania, February 2, 
1906. Mrs. Creveling is living in 1916, 
and is the mother of Daryl LaPorte and 
John Quincy Creveling, prominent attor- 
neys of the Luzerne county bar ; George 
Rhone Creveling, of Carbondale ; Laura 
M., wife of G. A. Hinterleitner, of West 
Virginia, and Drusilla, first wife of Mr. 
Hinterleitner, who died in West Virginia. 

4. John Crawford Rhone, born January 
29, 1842, married Maria Baker, died in 

1894. 

5. Zebulon Stratton, born September 2, 
1845, married Jennie Crosthwaite, of Wil- 
liamsport, Pennsylvania ; he died in Ne- 
braska, February 5, 1887; was a minis- 
ter in the Methodist Episcopal church. 

6. Minerva, born March 23, 1847, died 
in 1892. 

7. Aristo Caroline, born January 10, 
1850, died in infancy. 

8. Samuel Matthias, born September 
25, 1852, married Amanda Waltman, of 
Montgomery, Pennsylvania, died in 1914. 

9. Freas Brown, born August 19, i860, 
married Lillian Grover, of Rupert, Penn- 
sylvania. 

The children of Miller Barton Trescott 
and Permelia Stevens (Rhone) Trescott, 
are: i. Sylvester Boyd, married to Anna 
Potter ; they have one child, Paul Henry. 
2. Mary Luella, hereinafter mentioned. 3. 
George Rhone, married to Emma Har- 
rison ; they have two children : Leroy ; 
and Liva Permelia, married to Fred 
W. Blencoe, of England; issue: Mary 
Emily. 4. Minerva Patterson, wife of 
Charles W. Snyder, a journalist, of Wil- 
liamsport ; they have five children : 



Martha, Barton, Russell, Richard, and 
Harold, who died at the age of ten years. 
5. Josephine, married to Harry H. Daven- 
port, of Dorranceton ; they have five chil- 
dren : Herman, Robert, Francis, Irene 
and Mary. 6. Rush, attorney-at-law at 
Wilkes-Barre, married Elizabeth May 
Wilbur ; they have one child, Wilbur. 7. 
Emma, unmarried ; engaged in missionary 
work among the foreign speaking people, 
founded the Anthracite Mission at Hazle- 
ton, and is now field secretary of the 
Home Missionary Society of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal church. 8. Robert, married 
to Eliza Dreisbach, great-great-grand- 
daughter of Luther Trescott, and great- 
granddaughter of Susan Dodson, herein- 
before mentioned ; they are now living at 
the old homestead at Huntington ; they 
have one child, Barton, born 1914. Mil- 
ler Barton Trescott, the father of these 
children, died December 22, 1897. 

Mrs. Permelia S. (Rhone) Trescott, 
whose death occurred May 12, 1905, was 
educated in the public schools, at Wyom- 
ing Seminary, and Dickinson Seminary at 
Williamsport. Early in life she became 
a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, and from that day until her de- 
mise was eminently consistent with her 
profession. She was active in every phase 
of church and Christian life, and never 
outgrew her usefulness. The Methodist 
church which stands at Register is large- 
ly the result of her faith, prayers and 
work. Each of her pastors found her 
sympathetic, appreciative, helpful, and 
especially anxious for the strengthening 
as well as the extension of His Kingdom. 
She loved good books and poetry, which 
she so aptly quoted, and was a delightful 
and profitable conversationalist, as well as 
a good listener. In her home her char- 
acter shone resplendent, and under cir- 
cumstances not nearly so ideal as those of 
her later life, she carefully reared the 



2429 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



children entrusted to her care. With 
fidelity seldom equalled and never sur- 
passed, she sought to instill into their 
minds and have them exemplify in their 
lives a love for the good, the true, the 
noble and the beautiful. In this she 
admirably succeeded, and her life shall be 
to all coming generations a blessing and 
a benediction. Her remains were taken 
back to her home in Huntington, from 
which she had been absent during the 
winter, and to which she had been taken 
a bride forty-six years before. The 
funeral services were conducted by her 
pastor. Rev. H. F. Carey, assisted by Dr. 
R. H. Gilbert, of Berwick, a former pastor 
and intimate friend of the family, who 
delivered a beautiful sermon upon the 
doctrines of the resurrection. On the 
green hillside at Southdale, in Hunting- 
ton Valley, she was laid to rest beside her 
husband, who preceded her seven years. 

Mary L. Trescott, eldest daughter and 
second child of Miller Barton and Per- 
melia Stevens (Rhone) Trescott, was 
born in Huntington township, Luzerne 
county, Pennsylvania. She attended the 
common schools in the neighborhood of 
her home, and this knowledge was sup- 
plemented by attendance at the New 
Columbus Academy at New Columbus, 
Pennsylvania, after which she served in 
the capacity of a teacher for a time in the 
township schools in Ashley, White 
Haven, W^est Pittston and Wilkes-Barre 
city. She then became a student of the 
Eastman Business College at Pough- 
keepsie. New York, graduating therefrom 
in 1893. The following two years she 
read law in the office of Hon. Henry W. 
Palmer, ex-Attorney-General and member 
of Congress, also one of the leading lawyers 
of Wilkes-Barre, and was admitted to the 
bar of Luzerne county, October 14, 1895, 
being the first woman upon whom that 
distinction was conferred. At the present 



time she is engaged in an active general 
practice of the law in all its branches, 
being employed frequently in cases of 
unusual consequence, requiring a thor- 
ough knowledge of the law, and careful 
and ingenious application of its principles, 
but making, however, the Orphans' Court 
and corporation law a specialty, this often 
requiring her services in the adjoining 
counties to Luzerne. Upon the basis of a 
liberal education Miss Trescott has 
builded a general knowledge of people 
and affairs invaluable in the legal profes- 
sion, is a safe counselor and zealous advo- 
cate, and no lawyer defends the rights of 
his clients with more vigor and earnest- 
ness than she. From her ambitious 
nature and general capability Miss Tres- 
cott has attained a position in her profes- 
sion that few women and not a great 
number of men have been able to achieve, 
and so readily retain. She was admitted 
to the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania in 
1899, and on April 16, 1906, was admitted 
to the Supreme Court of the United 
States at Washington, on motion of 
Solicitor-General Henry M. Hoyt. On the 
death of Hon. Henry W. Palmer, which 
occurred in 1913, Miss Trescott succeeded 
him as executor on the board of executors 
of the Handley Estate in Scranton. She 
was treasurer and secretary of the Boys' 
Industrial Association from its founda- 
tion, was president of the Florence Crit- 
tenton Circle of Wilkes-Barre, and was 
one of the founders of the Shelter and 
Day Nursery on Park avenue, Wilkes- 
Barre. 

Upon her retirement as president of the 
Shelter and Day Nursery in 191 1, the fol- 
lowing report was entered by the secre- 
tary : 

But one change has been made in the board of 
managers. Miss Trescott feehng that more urgent 
duties demanded her time, tendered her resigna- 
tion as president and Mrs. Carleton Jones was 

430 



I 




^MCt^^ >Ay ^/tX<^ oW^!^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



elected acting president to fill out the term. Miss 
Trescott is still a member of the board of direc- 
tions and will give special attention to all cases 
requiring care in the courts. To her is due in a 
large measure the success of the work. Accepting 
the presidency at the urgent request of friends 
against her own inclination she spared neither 
time, money, labor nor strength to insure its good 
standing. Working late into the night on Critten- 
ton reports while the other circle members were 
getting their beauty sleep, sitting up all night with 
sick children at the Shelter, trimming hats for 
the girls or visiting them in the hospital or prison. 
No wonder we sometimes forgot that our presi- 
dent was a lawyer until we needed some legal 
work done and then we remembered it in a hurry, 
but nobody ever remembered to ask her for her 
bill and she never remembered to send any. 

In 191 1 Miss Trescott was elected a 
member of the Wilkes-Barre City School 
Board for four years, and reelected in 
1915 for six years, both times by the 
largest vote ever cast for any person in 
Wilkes-Barre city. An editorial in one of 
the papers after the first nomination 
says: 

That a broader qualification than that of being 
a medical man is necessary was demonstrated by 
the nomination of Miss Mary L. Trescott on both 
tickets. She was recognized for her many-sided 
qualifications, among them being her past experi- 
ence as a teacher in our public schools, her legal 
training, her vast voluntary labors among philan- 
thropic bodies, which has added to her knowledge 
of the proper kind of education for a large class 
of the community, especially the need for voca- 
tional education on extended lines for girls. 

Since her election to the office of school 
director, she has taken the initiative in 
many progressive measures. Through 
her efiforts domestic science and art for 
the girls, and manual training for the 
boys, were introduced in the grades in the 
city, her efforts being to give to the 
children who never reach the high school, 
all they can possibly get from their school 
life which will be useful in after life. 

Miss Trescott is (1916) vice-president 
of the Wilkes-Barre City School Board, 



and vice-president of the School Direc- 
tors' Association of Pennsylvania. She is 
a member of the Wilkes-Barre Law and 
Library Association, and of the Women 
Lawyers' Association of New York City. 
She is also a member of the Young 
Women's Christian Association, the 
Wilkes-Barre Civic League, the Luzerne 
County Woman Suffrage League, the 
Wyoming Valley Historical Society, the 
Florence Crittenton Circle of Wilkes- 
Barre, the Wilkes-Barre Chamber of 
Commerce, and the Luzerne County 
Farm Bureau. 



GRAHAM, John, 

Man of Enterprise. 

Among old and well-known families of 
the western part of the State of Pennsyl- 
vania is the Graham family, who have 
been located in Allegheny county since 
1828. The ancestry of the family is Irish, 
and the first one of this line to seek a 
home in America was Thomas Graham, 
who in 1817 came from Ireland to Phila- 
delphia, where he engaged in the manu- 
facture of snuiif, and where his death oc- 
curred ; he married, and was the father 
of three sons and four daughters, among 
them being: Thomas, Sally, and John, of 
whom below. 

John Graham, son of Thomas Graham, 
the immigrant, was born in Ireland, in 
1806. He received his early education 
there, and at the age of eleven years 
crossed the ocean with his father, passing 
his early life in Philadelphia. He mar- 
ried, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Mary 
Bishop, born in Germantown, Pennsyl- 
vania, in 1809, died in Allegheny county, 
Pennsylvania, in 1881, daughter of George 
Bishop, a native of England, who after 
coming to America settled in German- 
town, where he died ; George Bishop's 
wife was a native of France. After his 
marriage, John Graham left Philadelphia, 



2431 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and with his wife came to Allegheny 
county in 1828. He was a blacksmith and 
farmer, and first resided on Chartiers 
creek, Robinson township. In 1856 John 
Graham moved to Temperanceville, Alle- 
gheny county, where he resided until his 
death. A man of much public spirit, he 
aided all movements that tended to im- 
prove his section. In politics he was a 
Republican, but would never accept office. 
He and his wife were members of the 
Presbyterian church, and active in all 
charitable and religious work. John and 
Mary (Bishop) Graham were the parents 
of children : Paul, deceased ; Thomas, de- 
ceased ; James, deceased ; Eves Ann, mar- 
ried Samuel AI. Grace, deceased; lives in 
Pittsburgh ; William, deceased ; Mary, 
married James R. Bly, now deceased; 
John M., resident of Allegheny county; 
Albert, whose biography and portrait, 
together with biographies and portraits of 
his sons, H. C. and Charles J., follow this 
biography; Samuel B., of Belle Vernon; 
Frank M., of Crafton, Pennsylvania. 

The death of John Graham, which oc- 
curred in Temperanceville, Allegheny 
county, Pennsylvania, July 3, 1879, de- 
prived the county of one of her most 
respected men. He was a man of broad 
human sympathy, kindly and affable, and 
those who knew him personally accorded 
him the hisrhest esteem. 



GRAHAM, Albert, 

Founder of Important Manufacturing; Busi- 
ness. 

The supremacy of Pittsburgh among 
the industrial cities of the world is the 
supremacy of superior brain-power, and 
describing a man as a leading Pittsburgh 
manufacturer is equivalent to saying that 
he possesses intelligence of a high order 
and touches life at many points. A man 
of this type is Albert Graham, chairman 
of the board of directors of the Graham 



Nut Company, and identified for many 
years with the vital interests of the Iron 
City. 

Albert Graham, son of the late John 
and Mary (Bishop) Graham, was born in 
Robinson township, Allegheny county, 
Pennsylvania, March 17, 1848. He re- 
ceived his education in the public schools 
of Temperanceville and Pittsburgh, and 
later worked in a rolling mill. He began 
the business of life as clerk in a general 
store in Bayard, Ohio, and later became 
bookkeeper in the employ of a saw-mill 
proprietor at Temperanceville, remaining 
five years. The following three years he 
passed as paymaster of the Eagle RoU- 
mg Mills, and was then for seven years 
bookkeeper for a contractor. In 1881 Mr. 
Graham became bookkeeper and traveling 
salesman for William Charles & Com- 
pany, manufacturers of nuts, his territory 
being all the district east of the Missis- 
sippi river. Twelve years after forming 
a connection with this firm he obtained an 
interest in the business. In 1895 he be- 
came owner, continuing the manufacture 
of nuts under the old name until 1902, 
when the firm name was changed to the 
Graham Nut Company, which was incor- 
porated the following year with Mr. Gra- 
ham president. In May, 1914, Mr. Gra- 
ham retired from the presidency of the 
company, and was made chairman of the 
board of directors, his son, Harry C. 
Graham, becoming president ; his son, 
Charles J., vice-president ; and Charles W. 
Gray, secretary and treasurer. 

Since 1889 the factory of the concern 
had been in Allegheny, but in 1904 was 
moved to Neville Island, the offices of the 
company being at 1317-19 West Carson 
street, Pittsburgh. Enormous forward 
strides have been taken by the Graham 
Nut Company in its new location, its 
growth being shown by an enumeration 
of the buildings containing it. In 1904 the 
2432 



-f^ 7 







ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



enterprise was housed in a building 
sixty by one hundred and seventy-five 
feet, its later expansion demanding ac- 
commodations that made necessary the 
erection of three others — one eighty- 
five feet square ; another four hundred 
and sixty by four hundred and sixteen 
feet ; a third, forty by one hundred and 
twelve feet ; and another smaller ; and in 
these five buildings is employed a force 
numbering over three hundred. Agents 
for the company cover the entire coun- 
try, and to the original line has been 
added the manufacture of bolts, the entire 
product of the company being favorably 
known. In no small measure has the 
rapid growth of this firm been due to Mr. 
Graham's tireless industry and energy. 
His training qualified him for carrying on 
a large business enterprise, and his close 
application to the business of his firm has 
given him remarkable success. The in- 
dustry which he has built up is of great 
value in itself and of relative importance 
in the industrial development and per- 
manent prosperity of Pittsburgh. A man 
of singularly strong personality, he has 
exerted a wonderful influence on his asso- 
ciates and subordinates, and toward the 
latter in particular his conduct has ever 
been marked by a degree of kindness and 
consideration which has won for him their 
loyal support and hearty cooperation. 
Force and resolution, combined with a 
genial disposition, are depicted in his 
countenance, and his simple, dignified and 
afifable manners attract all who are 
brought into contact with him. He is 
one of the men who number friends in all 
classes of society. 

The thorough bi^iness qualifications of 
Mr. Graham have always been in good 
demand on boards of directors of different 
organizations, and his public spirit has 
led him to accept many such trusts. He 
is a stockholder and director of the Amer- 



ican Bolt Company, of Birmingham, 
Alabama ; director since 1899 in the West 
End Savings Bank and Trust Company ; 
and president and director of the Crafton- 
Ingram Building and Loan Association. 
He is also a stockholder and director of 
the Loucks Iron & Steel Company, of 
Roanoke, Virginia. 

Seldom is it that a man as active and 
successful in business as Mr. Graham 
takes the keen and helpful interest in civic 
affairs to which his record bears testi- 
mony. He is a member of the Pittsburgh 
Chamber of Commerce, the West End 
Board of Trade, and the Crafton Board 
of Trade. In politics he is affiliated with 
the Republican party. A man of action 
rather than words, he demonstrates his 
public spirit by actual achievements 
which advance the prosperity and wealth 
of the community. A member of the 
Masonic fraternity, he has attained to the 
thirty-second degree, belonging to Craf- 
ton Lodge, No. 653, Free and Accepted 
Masons ; Cyrus Chapter, Royal Arch 
Masons ; Chartiers Commandery, Knights 
Templar ; and Pittsburgh Consistory. He 
is also a member of Syria Temple, An- 
cient Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic 
Shrine. He is also numbered among the 
members of the Royal Arcanum. As a 
clubman he holds membership in the 
Union Club of Pittsburgh and the Thorn- 
burg Country Club. He is also vice- 
president of the Crafton Athletic Asso- 
ciation. He is a member and president of 
the board of trustees of the First Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church, of Crafton, Penn- 
sylvania (the suburb of Pittsburgh in 
which he lives). 

Mr. Graham married (first) Anna Belle, 
born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, daugh- 
ter of the late William and Ann Colling, 
and they were the parents of the follow- 
ing children: i. Harry C. 2. Charles J. 
3. Anna Belle, wife of James C. Redman, 

2433 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of Dormont, Pennsylvania. Mrs. Graham 
died in 1884, and Mr. Graham married 
(second) Annie L. Hooker, of Maryland. 
Children of Albert and Annie L. 
(Hooker) Graham: 4. Elizabeth P., mar- 
ried F. C. Zercher, of Greensburg, Penn- 
sylvania. 5. John C. 6. Albert M. 7. 
Ruth Lee. 8. Kenneth, deceased. 

Albert Graham's career may be sum- 
med up in one word — success — the result 
of his own unaided efforts. In common 
with his city he seems to possess that 
secret of perpetual energy which science 
cannot explain. Throughout his career, 
Mr. Graham has been animated by the 
spirit of progress, ever pressing forward 
and seeking to make the good better 
and the better best. He has furnished a 
true picture of the ideal manufacturer, 
one who creates and adds to the wealth of 
nations while advancing his own inter- 
ests. The great industrial organization 
which he has developed is a monument to 
his far-sighted business ability, but no 
less is it a monument to his philanthropy. 
He has given to hundreds employment 
and opportunities for self-culture and 
self-development, and the wealth which 
has come to him he has held in trust for 
the less fortunate of his fellows. His 
record is one that will endure. 



GRAHAM, Harry C, 

Head of Important Manufactory. 

Prominent among the younger gener- 
ation of manufacturers who are infusing 
into the Pittsburgh district the element of 
youthful vigor and enthusiasm is Harry 
C. Graham, president and director of the 
Graham Nut Company. Mr. Graham has 
thoroughly identified himself with a num- 
ber of Pittsburgh's leading interests, 
entering into their promotion with the 
same aggressiveness which characterizes 
him in all that he undertakes. 



Harry C. Graham was born in Pitts- 
burgh, Allegheny county, Pennsylvania, 
April I, 1874, son of Albert and Anna 
Belle (Colling) Graham. He received his 
education in the schools of Pittsburgh, 
and at nineteen entered the employ of Wil- 
liam Charles & Company, manufacturers 
of nuts, serving in various capacities 
until he became a salesman for the com- 
pany, with a territory that comprised the 
States east of the Mississippi river. This 
position he held for five years. During 
this time Mr. Graham, and his father had 
become heavily interested in this concern, 
and when it was incorporated, in 1903, as 
the Graham Nut Company, Harry C. 
Graham was made vice-president and 
treasurer of the new company. The plant 
on Neville Island was erected in 1904, 
and a great deal of his time has been spent 
in the active management of the produc- 
ing department of the business. 

In May, 1914, Albert Graham, the 
father of Harry C. Graham retired from 
the presidency of the concern, and Harry 
C. Graham was elevated to the presi- 
dency, which office, with that of director, 
he holds at the present time. Mr. Graham 
is a director of the Coraopolis Savings & 
Trust Company, and interested in various 
other enterprises. He is a Republican in 
politics, but has never allowed his name 
to be put forward for office, preferring to 
concentrate his energy on his business. 
A man of philanthropic nature, he has 
been active in the work of the Young 
Men's Christian Association, and at the 
present time is chairman of its board of 
directors, in Coraopolis, Pennsylvania (a 
suburb of Pittsburgh), where he resides. 
A member of the Masonic order, he be- 
longs to Coraopolis Lodge, No. 674, Free 
and Accepted Masons ; Zerubabel Chapter, 
Royal Arch Masons ; Commandery No. 
I, Knights Templar; and Syria Temple, 
Ancient Arabic Order, Nobles of the 



2434 




^^e^^^/-tf^>^ 



.4^«*^^_ 



i 




-■^-X-^-^^^^ c^. y1/-l,^c^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Mystic Shrine. He is a member of the 
Americus, Union and Sunset Country 
clubs. Mr. Graham is a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal church. 

Mr. Graham married, September 19, 
1899, Miss Jessie G., daughter of Harry 
W. and Amanda H. (Hill) Holmes, of 
Pittsburgh, and they are the parents of 
a son, Charles Holmes, born March 15, 
1909. 

Mr. Graham is the son of a man emi- 
nent in his line, and inherits traditions of 
honorable achievement and disinterested 
devotion. To these traditions he has been 
faithful, and the present gives assurance 
that the future holds much in store for 
him. 



GRAHAM, Charles J., 

Corporation OfBcial. 

Among the aggressive young business 
men of Pittsburgh is Charles J. Graham. 
He was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 
]\Iarch 13, 1878, son of Albert and Anna 
Belle (Colling) Graham, and received his 
education in the schools of his native 
city, and at the Pittsburgh Academy. Mr. 
Graham's first employment was with the 
Tide Coal Company in 1894, then with Wil- 
liam Charles & Company, which later be- 
came the Graham Nut Company, in 1896, 
and in 1903 he was made secretary and 
director; still later, in 1914, he became 
vice-president and director, which offices 
he holds at the present time. He is 
also officially connected with other con- 
cerns, among them being secretary, treas- 
urer and director of the Atlas Automatic 
Jack Corporation, of New York City ; 
vice-president and director of the Davis 
Brake Beam Company, of Johnstown, 
Pennsylvania ; director of the Illinois Car 
& Manufacturing Company, of Chicago, 
Illinois ; president of the American Hard- 
ware Manufacturers' Association ; mem- 
ber executive committee of the American 



Supply & Machinery Manufacturers' As- 
sociation. He is a trustee and member of 
the executive committee of the Pittsburgh 
Homoeopathic Hospital ; a trustee of the 
Pittsburgh Newsboys Home ; a director 
of the Pittsburgh Chamber of Commerce ; 
member and director of the Pittsburgh 
Country Club ; member and director of 
the Pittsburgh Athletic Association ; 
member of the Duquesne, Pittsburgh 
Field, Pittsburgh Traffic, Pittsburgh 
Railway, Automobile and Fellows clubs, 
of Pittsburgh ; member of the Oakmont 
Country Club, Chicago Athletic Associ- 
ation, Missouri Athletic Association, 
Lambs Club of New York, and Hermit 
Club of Cleveland. He is a Republican 
in politics, and affiliates with the Masonic 
fraternity. 

Mr. Graham married, June 12, 1900, 
Miss Josephine Harlin, daughter of James 
and Annie J. (Kennedy) Gray, of Pitts- 
burgh, and they are the parents of chil- 
dren: William Kennedy, born July 31, 
1902 ; Frances Kilbourne ; Albert Hooker, 
born October 24, 1908; and Thomas Har- 
lin, born March 5, 1915. 

Happily gifted in manner, disposition 
and taste, enterprising and original in 
business ideas, personally liked most by 
those who know him best, and as frank 
in declaring his principles as he is sincere 
in maintaining them, Charles J. Graham's 
career has been rounded with success and 
marked by the appreciation of men whose 
good opinion is best worth having. 



GRAHAM, John C, 

Manufacturer. 



John C. Graham, son of Albert and 
Annie L. (Hooker) Graham, was born in 
Allegheny City, Pennsylvania (now North- 
side, Pittsburgh), May 14, 1890. He re- 
ceived his education in the public schools 
of Grafton, Pennsylvania, and then at- 
tended Kiskiminetas Springs School, 

2435 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



from which he graduated in 191 1. Mr. 
Graham then entered the employ of the 
Graham Nut Company, of which his 
father is the head, and is learning the 
business from the ground up. In politics 
he is a Republican, and is a member of 
the First Methodist Episcopal Church of 
Crafton. Mr. Graham is unmarried. 



WOODS, George, 

Distingniished Educator. 

The late George Woods, LL. D., for 
twenty-two years chancellor of the West- 
ern University of Pennsylvania (now the 
University of Pittsburgh), was a man to 
whom might be truthfully applied the 
memorable words : "He has done things 
worthy to be written and has written 
things worthy to be read and by his life 
has contributed to the welfare of the 
republic." The record of Dr. Woods as 
an educator forms part of the scholastic 
annals not of Pennsylvania alone but also 
of New England and the Southwest, but 
it is with the Keystone State and the city 
of Pittsburgh that his name is most 
largely and brilliantly associated. 

Joseph Woods, father of George Woods, 
was a representative of an American 
branch of a family of English origin. The 
progenitor of the New England clan 
landed in 1630 at Dorchester, Massachu- 
setts, and his numerous descendants have 
for nearly three centuries been numbered 
among the able, worthy and useful citi- 
zens instrumental in the making of our 
colonial, revolutionary and national his- 
tory. Joseph Woods was an industrious 
and pious carpenter, of Yarmouth, on 
Casco Bay, eleven miles from Portland, 
Maine. He was the possessor of a large 
library, a lover of literature and warmly 
interested in educational matters, being 
one of the first contributors to the endow- 
ment of the well-known North Yarmouth 



Academy. He married Elizabeth Boston, 
who was of English extraction, a woman 
of great beauty and marked and inestim- 
able characteristics, sharing his tastes and 
sympathizing with his hopes and aspira- 
tions. 

George Woods, son of Joseph and Eliz- 
abeth (Boston) Woods, was born January 
24, 1813, at Yarmouth, the town being 
then under the jurisdiction of Massachu- 
setts by reason of the fact that Maine did 
not become a State until about the year 
1820. The boy was reared in an atmos- 
phere favorable to mental development, 
his father stimulating him to improve his 
literary taste by well-directed studies and 
reading, and his mother aiding and en- 
couraging him in his eiiforts to obtain a 
thorough education. The public schools 
of that day, with their limited advantages, 
were in session for but two months in the 
year, the majority of the pupils being 
occupied for the remainder of the period 
in farm labor. At one time, while attend- 
ing a private school, the lad was advised, 
probably by some one who discerned his 
unusual promise, to pursue a collegiate 
course, and accordingly in his seventeenth 
year he became a pupil at the academy 
near his home, meanwhile applying him- 
self to work in order to defray the 
expenses of his tuition. In 1833 he enter- 
ed Bowdoin College, with only twenty 
dollars to call his own, but by labor and 
teaching succeeded in paying all his 
expenses with the single exception of one 
hundred dollars, a debt with which he 
was encumbered at the time of his gradu- 
ation. A number of gentlemen whose 
attention had been attracted by the young 
man's extraordinary efforts, learning of 
that debt, voluntarily offered him aid, 
which he, with characteristic independ- 
ence, uniformly and courteously declined. 

Having graduated among the first of 
the large class of 1837, Mr. Woods sought 



2436 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



to turn to account the reputation he had 
already acquired as a teacher, and from 
the many positions tendered him selected 
one in the Gorham Seminary, at that time 
the most flourishing institution of its 
grade in the State. In 1839 he left Gor- 
ham, bearing high testimonials from the 
board, to accept the chair of Mathematics 
and Natural Philosophy in Jackson Col- 
lege, at Columbia, Tennessee, under the 
president of which he had fitted himself 
for college. Seventy-five years ago a 
journey from Maine to Tennessee was 
fraught with an interest which does not 
now attach to it, part of the trip, in the 
absence of railroads, being made by canal. 
The entire time consumed was twenty- 
three days, two weeks of which were re- 
quired to traverse the distance between 
Philadelphia and Pittsburgh. In 1841, in 
consequence of the financial distress 
under which Jackson College was then 
laboring, Mr. Woods resigned his profes- 
sorship and spent the following year at 
Andover Seminary and in attendance on 
lectures in Boston, at the same time seek- 
ing to recuperate his health which had 
suffered from too close application to 
study. From the date of his graduation 
he had received repeated invitations to 
assume the principalship of the academy 
in his native town, and in 1842 was in- 
duced by liberal ofifers, being also 
influenced by his interest in his birth- 
place, to accept the position. 

Though still suffering from impaired 
health, Mr. Woods entered with great zeal 
and earnestness upon the discharge of his 
duties, and in consequence the academy 
speedily rose to a high rank among its 
kindred institutions. Students were at- 
tracted from the various States and also 
from Cuba and San Domingo, Garcia and 
Gomez, the celebrated Cuban leaders and 
President Dole of Hawaii being numbered 
among those who were educated at the 



institution while Mr. Woods was at its 
head. 

Resigning in 1854, he received invita- 
tions from various educational institu- 
tions, including one under the control of 
a sect differing widely from him in 
religious belief, but offering him absolute 
control for ten years of property, income 
and a large endowment to be increased by 
many thousands of dollars. He taught 
for two years at Auburn, Maine, after 
which one year was spent in business in 
Portland. Becoming interested in ship- 
ping, he purchased several ships and car- 
ried on a large trading business with 
China and the Asiatic seas, and it is 
worthy of note that while he never per- 
sonally followed the sea, he was success- 
ful in the conduct of this enterprise. 

In 1859, without his solicitation, Mr. 
Woods was unanimously elected principal 
of the Western University of Pennsyl- 
vania, that being then the title of the chief 
executive. The institution had suffered 
from two disastrous fires and also from 
mismanagement, having been suspended 
from 1849 to 1856. When Mr. Woods 
went to Pittsburgh and entered upon the 
discharge of his duties, the sentiment of 
the community was strongly antagonistic 
to the work he had undertaken. The 
university had but thirty-five pupils, two 
full teachers, and two instructors in the 
modern languages ; its whole property 
was not worth over fifty thousand dollars, 
and it had no classes in the collegiate 
course. It was in the face of all these 
discouragements that the new principal 
most strikingly displayed his great organ- 
izing and executive ability, showing him- 
self to be a man of tremendous force 
endowed with the faculty of communicat- 
ing to others a portion of his own energy 
and enthusiasm. Under his able adminis- 
tration the university steadily expanded 
in the preparatory, collegiate, engineering 



2437 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and scientific departments and he laid the 
foundation for the present system of its 
work. Several new buildings were erect- 
ed, a large endowment fund was raised, 
and many new chairs added. He was the 
institution's first chancellor. The endow- 
ment fund, which amounted to two hun- 
dred thousand dollars, was to the amount 
of one hundred thousand the gift of the 
late capitalist and philanthropist, William 
Thaw, who was a warm personal friend 
of Mr. Woods — Dr. Woods, as he became 
early in the period of his connection with 
the university, receiving in 1863 from 
Jeflferson College the degree of Doctor of 
Laws. A few years later Bowdoin, his 
alma mater, conferred upon him the same 
honor. 

In combination with rare executive 
ability. Dr. Woods possessed exceptional 
qualifications as an instructor — originality 
of thought, force of character, and clear- 
ness of expression. Moreover, he was 
endowed with that mysterious and potent 
charm known as personal magnetism. By 
his students he was both loved and vener- 
ated, and his influence was felt in all their 
after lives. The university of which he 
was first chancellor is now the pride of 
the city of Pittsburgh and of Western 
Pennsylvania. A stranger seeking a 
memorial of the man who very largely 
made it what it is, might be told, "If you 
seek his monument, look around." 

In 1880 Dr. Woods resigned the chan- 
cellorship and became connected with the 
Equitable Life Assurance Society, organ- 
izing the Pittsburgh branch, and, with the 
assistance of his son, Edward A. Woods, 
establishing a large and successful busi- 
ness which has now, under the guidance 
of his sons, grown to huge proportions. 
In 1889, in consequence of advancing 
years. Dr. Woods retired, still, however, 
retaining an interest in the concern. 

The prominence of Dr. Woods as an 
educator was not confined to his connec- 



tion with university and school life, for 
he was the author of several works on 
technical education which made his name 
familiar to instructors in the colleges and 
universities not of the United States 
alone, but also of foreign lands. His 
writings, which evince deep and earnest 
thought, were eagerly received and are 
still widely read. He was a frequent 
contributor to various periodicals. Dr. 
Woods always strongly favored technical 
training in college and it was his constant 
aim to establish a training school in con- 
nection with the university of which he 
was chancellor. One of his addresses on 
this subject was published and widely cir- 
culated. He possessed notable gifts as a 
public speaker and as a lecturer his 
powers were frequently called into requi- 
sition. 

As a true citizen Dr. Woods was earn- 
estly interested in the welfare of Pitts- 
burgh, and was ever ready to lend his 
hearty cooperation to any project which, 
in his judgment, tended to further that 
end. A liberal giver to charity, so quietly 
were his benefactions bestowed that their 
full number will, in all probability, never 
be known to the world. His political 
affiliations were with the Republicans. 
He was a member of the Presbyterian 
Church. 

Dr. Woods married (first) August 29, 
1843, Caroline Haynes, and of the five 
children born to them only one survives: 
Helen A., widow of Enoch T. Roberts, of 
Philadelphia. Dr. Woods married (sec- 
ond) March 8, 1864, Ellen C, daughter 
of Joseph A. and Esther M. (Goodrich) 
Crane, of Fall River, Massachusetts, and 
they became the parents of three sons : 
Edward A., president and manager and 
director of the Edward A. Woods Agency 
Inc., general agents of the Equitable Life 
Assurance Society of the United States ; 
Charles A., attorney ; and Lawrence C, 
vice-president, assistant manager and 



2:438 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



director of the Edward A. Woods Agency 
Inc. The death of Dr. Woods occurred 
on June 7, 1899, in Sewickley, Pennsyl- 
vania, where he had resided since 1877. 

The history of every community is in 
a fundamental sense the work of its edu- 
cators, inasmuch as it is they who mould 
and develop the characters of those 
who create conditions and direct the 
course of events. In a special manner 
was this true of Dr. Woods. From the 
great centre of learning of which he was 
for many years the head, men went forth, 
inspired by his teaching and example, to 
bless, by worthy and fruitful endeavor, 
not only their own State, but far distant 
portions of our land. To George Woods 
— scholar, educator, author and gentle- 
man — Pittsburgh and the Commonwealth 
of Pennsylvania owe a debt of gratitude 
for influences which will go to the making 
of future generations of wise and noble 
citizens. 



WOODS, Edward A., 

Leading Insurance Anthority. 

Prominent among the business men of 
Pittsburgh is Edward A. Woods, presi- 
dent of the Edward A. Woods Agency, 
Incorporated, general agents of the Equit- 
able Life Assurance Society of the United 
States. 

Edward Augustus, son of George and 
Ellen (Crane) Woods, was born January 
I, 1865, in Pittsburgh, a biography of his 
father appears on a preceding page of this 
work. He attended the Western Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania (now the University 
of Pittsburgh) and entered the insurance 
business as an office boy, November i, 
1880, with the Equitable Life Assurance 
Society, thus acquiring a thorough ac- 
quaintance with every detail and every 
department. Ten years later he was ap- 
pointed manager for the district of Pitts- 
burgh. January i, 191 1, he incorporated 



the Edward A. Woods Agency of that 
company, of which he is president, man- 
ager and director. He is also vice-presi- 
dent and director of the Tuberculosis 
League, and director of the National 
Union Fire Insurance Company, the 
Union Savings Bank, and the Western 
National Bank of Pittsburgh. He be- 
longs to the Duquesne, Union, and Pitts- 
burgh Country clubs, the Pittsburgh 
Athletic Association, the Edgeworth Club 
of Sewickley and the Lawyers' Club of 
New York. Mr. Woods is of a most 
aggressive nature and has built up a large 
business in his line. He is an international 
authority on insurance and a prolific 
writer on academic as well as practical 
issues. In politics he is a Republican, 
and is a member of the Presbyterian 
church. 

Mr. Woods married, May 28, 1891, 
Gertrude, daughter of the late James M. 
and Hepzibah (Wallis) Macrum. James 
M. Macrum's death occurred March, 1883. 
Mr. and Mrs. Woods are the parents of 
two children : Marjory, and Edward 
Wallis. 



O'HARA, General James, 

Qaartermaster-General, V. S. A. 

I. Teige Oge O'Hara Buidhe, 1560. II. 
Cormac. III. Charles, whose second son 
was Sir Charles, Lord Tyrawly, born 
1640, died 1724. Son of Sir Charles, Lord 
Tyrawly, was Sir James, Lord Tyrawly, 
born 1690, died 1774. IV. Dermod, eld- 
est son of Charles (III). V. Felix. VI. 
John. VII. James O'Hara, subject, 
Quartermaster-General of the United 
States Army, 1792. 

Coat-of-arms of the O'Hara family of 
County Mayo, Ireland : Vert on a pale 
radiant or, a lion rampant sable. Motto: 
"Try." (General James O'Hara had al- 
ways this coat-of-arms hanging in his 
house in Pittsburgh). 



2439 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



James O'Hara was born in Ireland. 
His father and grandfather, political 
exiles, were officers in the Irish brigade 
in the service of France. He was educat- 
ed at the College of St. Sulpice, in Paris. 
His relative, Lord Tyrawly, gave him a 
commission as ensign in the Coldstream 
Guards, but he preferred a different kind 
of life, and entered a ship-broker's office 
in Liverpool to learn business methods 
before going to America. He had received 
a legacy of money from his cousin. Lady 
Mary O'Hara, so, soon after his arrival 
in Pennsylvania, about 1772, he was able 
to join with Devereux Smith and Ephraim 
Douglas of Pittsburgh in trading with 
the Indians. After March, 1774, James 
O'Hara was government agent among the 
Indians until the commencement of the 
Revolution. He raised and equipped a 
company of volunteers and was elected 
captain. This company saw much service 
on the frontiers at Kanawha, and joined 
the forces of Major George Rogers Clark 
on the expedition to Vincennes against 
the British and Indians. In 1779 Captain 
O'Hara's company was reduced to twen- 
ty-nine men, the others having been killed 
by the Indians, and the company was 
annexed to the Ninth Virginia Regiment 
by General Brodhead. Captain O'Hara 
was sent with a letter from Brodhead to 
General Washington, asking for supplies 
for the soldiers. He was then made com- 
missary of the General Hospital and 
stationed at Carlisle, Pennsylvania. In 
1781 he received the appointment of As- 
sistant-Quartermaster, and went with the 
army of General Greene through the 
southern campaign against the British, 
furnishing provisions and transportation. 
He rented warehouses in Philadelphia to 
store supplies until they could be sent 
to the army. He continued with the army 
until 1783. After the Revolution he was 
actively engaged in business, among other 
things filling large contracts with the 



government for supplying the army in 
the west. 

When the town of Pittsburgh was laid 
out, and afterwards the reserve tract 
opposite Pittsburgh, on the north bank of 
the Allegheny river, he made large pur- 
chases of property at the low prices 
offered by the Penns and the State of Penn- 
sylvania. He also acquired large landed 
property in Ohio and Illinois. He was 
foremost and led the way in every enter- 
prise calculated to promote the business 
and growth of Pittsburgh. In his various 
active movements his life was constantly 
exposed and in danger. The Indians in 
the interest of the British had planned to 
murder him at Schoenbrun, one of the 
Moravian towns. The Moravians discov- 
ered the plot, and sent one of their most 
trusty Indians, called Anthony, to guide 
him by night through the woods, avoiding 
the trail to Fort Pitt, which place he safe- 
ly reached, although hotly pursued by 
eleven Hurons. In 1788 James O'Hara 
was a presidential elector, and cast his 
vote for George Washington, at the first- 
presidential election. In 1792 he received 
his commission as Quartermaster-General 
in the United States army, and his serv- 
ices were so successful during the cam- 
paign of General Anthony Wayne in 
179s (which put an end to Indian hos- 
tilities at the battle of Fallen Timbers 
and the treaty of Greenville), that it was 
said that the army had been saved by the 
Quartermaster-General. He was with 
the army throughout the campaign. In 
May, 1796, his resignation was reluctantly 
accepted by the government. He con- 
tinued to act as army contractor until 
1802. 

In 1797, General O'Hara, in partner- 
ship with Major Isaac Craig, erected the 
first glassworks in Pittsburgh. It was a 
stone building on the south side of the 
Monongahela river, nearly opposite the 
Point. Peter William Eichbaum came 



244a 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



from Germany to superintend the works. 
Green glass bottles were made. In a note 
of General O'Hara, found among his 
papers after his death, he says : "To-day 
we made the first bottle, at a cost of 
thirty thousand dollars." Though the 
transportation was most difficult, he made 
successful arrangements for bringing salt 
to Pittsburgh from the Onondago works 
in New York State, by means of boats 
and teams to the Allegheny river. It 
formerly had been carried on pack-horses 
across the mountains. Ships were built 
by him in 1805. The "General Butler," 
commanded by Captain Samuel Lake, 
with William Carson O'Hara as super- 
cargo, went down the rivers with a cargo 
of glass for intermediate ports, and was 
to take a cargo of cotton at Natchez for 
Liverpool and return with goods for Phil- 
adelphia or New Orleans. General John 
Wilkins was owner of one-fourth of the 
ship and cargo. Great surprise was caused 
by the arrival of this ship in Europe, as 
until then Pittsburgh was not known as 
a seaport. On a second voyage the 
"General Butler" was in 1807 captured 
by a Spanish schooner and taken into 
Vera Cruz. Other vessels were built by 
O'Hara and Wilkins for the river trade. 
In 1804 General O'Hara was appointed 
director of the branch bank of Pennsyl- 
vania, established that year at Pittsburgh. 
This was the first bank west of the Alle- 
gheny mountains. General John Wilkins, 
Jr., was the first president, and he was 
succeeded by General O'Hara. On the 
first board of this bank were also these 
officers of the Revolutionary army : 
General Presley Neville, Major Abraham 
Kirkpatrick, Major Ebenezer Denny, Gen- 
eral Adamson Tannehill, Surgeon George 
Stevenson. A large proportion of the 
prominent citizens of Pittsburgh at this 
early period having been officers of the 
army, they necessarily constituted a ma- 



jority on the boards of trustees of the 
church, the bank and the academy. 
General O'Hara's knowledge of French 
and the Indian languages was of great 
service to him. 

After the Revolution, General James 
O'Hara married Mary, daughter of Wil- 
liam Carson, of Philadelphia. To their 
residence in Pittsburgh all were welcome, 
from the countryman who came for rest 
and refreshment to his guests of honor, 
Louis Philippe, General Moreau and 
other French officers. Jam,es O'Hara and 
his wife (who survived him until 1834) 
had four sons, William Carson, who mar- 
ried his cousin, Mary Carson ; Charles, 
died when a child ; James, married the 
daughter of Presley Neville ; Richard 
Butler married Mary Boyd Fitzimmons, 
and their daughter was the late Mrs. 
William M. Darlington (a full account of 
William M. Darlington and wife appear- 
ing elsewhere in this work). The older 
sons died without children before their 
father. General O'Hara's two daughters, 
Elizabeth Febiger O'Hara (Mrs. Harmar 
Denny), Mary O'Hara (Mrs. William 
Croghan) and his son Richard Butler 
O'Hara survived him. General O'Hara's 
sister married, in Ireland, William 
O'Hara, who was not related to her ; on 
her husband's death she and her two 
daughters came to live in Pittsburgh, her 
descendants are well known in Pennsyl- 
vania. 

General James O'Hara died at his home 
on the bank of the Monongahela river, 
December 21, 1819, in the sixty-seventh 
year of his age. He was very popular, 
and his integrity and honor were never 
doubted. He was deeply regretted and 
esteemed as many writers have testified. 

(The genealogy of General James 
O'Hara is from O'Hart's "Irish Pedi- 
grees" and personal letters from Mr. 
O'Hart to Mrs. M. C. Darlington (Mrs. 



2441 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



William M. Darlington) also from infor- 
mation obtained by William M. Darling- 
ton in London. Authority for the life of 
James O'Hara was found in letters and 
documents in possession of the Denny 
estate, some of these letters were pub- 
lished in "Fort Pitt and Letters from the 
Frontier," Pennsylvania Archives, Colo- 
nial Records, etc). 



ONG, Finley K., 

Prominent Business Man. 

Pittsburgh numbers among her citizens 
many representatives of that valuable 
class of solidly aggressive business men 
who, wherever found, constitute the bone 
and sinew of their communities. Promi- 
nent among those who to-day compose 
this class in the metropolis, is Finley Kirk 
Ong, secretary and director of the Dil- 
worth Brothers Company, one of the 
widely known organizations of its kind in 
the Pittsburgh district. For more than 
forty years Mr. Ong has been a resident 
of Pittsburgh, and during that time has 
always been loyally devoted to the pro- 
motion of her most essential interests. 

The Ong family is of English origin, 
and records prove its existence in the 
county of Suffolk as early as the thir- 
teenth century when, it is said, the use of 
family names first became general in Eng- 
land. 

Francis Ong, the progenitor of the 
American branch of the family, was of " that he was a farmer. 



wife being Frances, and they were the 
parents of three sons : Simon, Jacob and 
Isaac, mentioned below. In 1636, Frances 
Ong, the widow of the immigrant, appears 
as a "proprietor" in Watertown, Massa- 
chusetts, where she died aged fifty-five 
and was buried November 12, 1638. 

(II) Isaac, son of Francis and Frances 
Ong, resided in Watertown, Massachu- 
setts, at least until 1670, but shortly after 
made his way to New Jersey, settling in 
Burlington county some time prior to 
1688. He married. May 18, 1670, Mary, 
daughter of Joseph Underwood, and evi- 
dently contracted a second union as in 
his will he refers to his wife as "Sarah." 
His children were: Jacob, mentioned be- 
low ; Jeremiah ; Isaac ; Sarah, who mar- 
ried, February 8, 1694, Edward Andrews; 
and Elizabeth, who married some one of 
the name of Ridgeway. Isaac Ong, the 
father, died June 13, 1696, in Mansfield 
township, Burlington county, New Jersey. 

(III) Jacob, son of Isaac and Mary 
(Underwood) Ong, was a farmer of 
Mansfield township, Burlington county. 
New Jersey. He married, and his chil- 
dren were: Jacob, mentioned below; 
Isaac; Phoebe, married, July 22, 1731, 
James Laing, of Middletown ; and Esther, 
married, in 1737, Joseph Duckworth, of 
Burlington county. New Jersey. 

(IV) Jacob (2), son of Jacob (i) Ong, 
was born about 1702, in Burlington 
county. New Jersey, and the records show 

He married Mary 



Lavenham, Suffolk, and on December i, 
1630, embarked in the ship "Lyon," from 
Bristol, England, for the town of Boston, 
in the colony of Massachusetts Bay. He 
landed on February 5, 1631, after a long 
and dangerous voyage, and did not live 
long to enjoy the privileges for which he 
had given up so much, dying within five 
years after his arrival at Boston. He 
married in England, the name of his 



Spragg, and their children were : Jere- 
miah, mentioned below ; Isaac ; Rachel, 
married Elias Brass, of Burlington, New 
Jersey ; and Susannah, married Thomas 
Pettit, of Monmouth, New York. 

(V) Jeremiah, son of Jacob (2) and 
Mary (Spragg) Ong, was born in Bur- 
lington county, New Jersey, and lived, 
during the Revolutionary War, in Eastern 
Pennsylvania. Soon after the war he re- 



2442 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



moved to Fayette county, settling near 
Cookstown, now Fayette City. He was 
a farmer and a member of the Society of 
Friends. The name of his wife was Chris- 
tianna and their children were : Jacob, 
mentioned below; Jesse; Mary, married 
Enoch Watson ; and Jeremiah. 

(VI) Jacob (3), son of Jeremiah and 
Christianna Ong, was born January 24, 
1760, and during the early part of the 
Revolutionary War carried the mail and 
also messages between Philadelphia and 
Fort Pitt, now Pittsburgh. Later he 
joined the ranks of the Continentals, and 
served until the close of the war, when he 
received an honorable discharge. From 
Menallen, Adams county, Pennsylvania, 
he moved to Frederick county, and in 
181 2 migrated to Jefiferson county, Ohio, 
settling on a farm on Cross Creek, Cross 
township, near Skelly's Station. From 
this place he made a final removal to 
Piney Fork, Smithfield township, Jeffer- 
son county, where he purchased a farm 
which has been known for a hundred 
years as the old Ong homestead. Jacob 
Ong was a carpenter and cabinetmaker 
and also the architect and builder of the 
Friends' Meeting House near Richmond, 
Ohio, and the large and commodious 
Friends' Yearly Meeting House at Mount 
Pleasant, Ohio. That he was a soldier of 
the Revolution there is no doubt, and that 
at the close of the conflict he was honor- 
ably discharged does not admit of ques- 
tion, but, being a Friend, he never applied 
for a pension. He was an acknowledged 
minister of the Society. Jacob Ong mar- 
ried, September 25, 1784, at Menallen, 
Adams county, Pennsylvania, Mary, 
daughter of James and Dina McGrew, 
and their children were : Rebecca ; Fin- 
ley, mentioned below ; Jacob ; Isaac ; 
Dinah ; Nathan McGrew ; John McGrew ; 
Mary; and James Mifflin. Jacob Ong, 
the father, died at the venerable age of 
PA^Vol vii— 15 2 



ninety-seven and was interred in the 
Friends' Burial Ground at Smithfield, Ohio. 

(VII) Finley, son of Jacob (3) and 
Mary (McGrew) Ong, was born Febru- 
ary 19, 1787, in Martinsburg, Virginia, 
and lived as a farmer in Jefiferson county, 
Ohio. He was a man of prominence in 
his neighborhood, and a member of the 
Society of Friends. He married, Decem- 
ber 30, 1805, Ann, daughter of Moses and 
Mary Blackburn, and their children were : 
Jacob Finley; Mary; Moses Harlan; 
Matilda; Lewis; Rebecca; Mifflin, men- 
tioned below; Eliza Ann; Emily; and 
Rachel Ann. Mr. Ong was eighty-seven 
years old at the time of his death. 

(VIII) Mifflin, son of Finley and Ann 
(Blackburn) Ong, was born July 6, 1820, 
at Smithfield, Ohio, and grew up on his 
father's farm, receiving his education in 
the district school and at Scott's Acad- 
emy, Steubenville, Ohio, an institution of 
local celebrity. He always remained on 
the homestead, cultivating his ancestral 
acres and was a life-long member of the 
Society of Friends. Mr. Ong married 
Elizabeth Kirk, and their children were : 
Finley Kirk, mentioned below ; William 
B., formerly of Canfield, North Dakota, 
died May 3, 1906; Martha A., of Pitts- 
burgh ; and Oliver, also of Pittsburgh. 
The death of Mr. Ong occurred April 4, 
1869. 

(IX) Finley Kirk, son of Mifflin and 
Elizabeth (Kirk) Ong, was born Janu- 
ary 7, 1848, at Smithfield, Ohio, and re- 
ceived his preparatory education in local 
schools, afterward studying at Earlham 
College, Richmond, Indiana. In 1871 h,e 
came to Pittsburgh and entered the serv- 
ice of Joseph Home and Company as 
bookkeeper, retaining the position for 
three years and a half. At the end of that 
time Mr. Ong became bookkeeper for the 
John S. Dilworth Company, remaining 
five years, and adding to the reputation 

443 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



for ability, industry and fidelity which he 
had already acquired in his former posi- 
tion. In 1883 he associated himself as 
office salesman and buyer with the firm of 
Dilworth Brothers. The concern later 
dissolved, and in 1901 was incorporated 
as the Dilworth Brothers Company, Mr. 
Ong becoming secretary and director. 
These positions he still retains, his busi- 
ness talent and weight of character hav- 
ing made him a forceful factor in com- 
mercial circles. 

The political allegiance of Mr. Ong is 
given to the Republican party, and while 
he takes no active share in the affairs of 
the organization, he is never found want- 
ing in a laudable degree of public spirit. 
He belongs to the Royal Arcanum, the 
Heptasophs, the Loyal Addition and other 
associations. 

Any attempt to describe the personality 
and appearance of a man who has, for 
nearly half a century, been identified witn 
the various elements of the life of the 
metropolis, would certainly be regarded 
as superfluous by his old friends and 
neighbors and their children and grand- 
children. 

Mr. Ong married. May 20, 1875, Emma, 
daughter of James and Maria (Wight- 
man) Ing, of Pittsburgh, and they are the 
parents of two daughters and a son : Clara 
Emma, who died July 27, 1890; Florence 
Kirk, wife of Roy Brocton McKee, whose 
biography appears on another page of 
this work; and Edwin Mifflin, born Sep- 
tember 26, 1885, attended Pittsburgh 
schools and Shady Side Academy, gradu- 
ated at Princeton University, class of 
1908, as Master of Arts, and is now assis- 
tant buyer of the Dilworth Brothers Com- 
pany. This is one of the large wholesale 
grocery firms of Pittsburgh. Mr. Ong is 
a member of the University Club. 

Finley Kirk Ong is what each of his 
ancestors was in his own day and genera- 
tion — a useful and patriotic citizen. 



NICHOLSON, Harry Schuyler, 

Prominent Physician. 

Among those Pittsburgh physicians 
who have been for the last twenty years 
identified with the profession is Dr. Harry 
Schuyler Nicholson, one of the city's well- 
known general practitioners. By right of 
ancestry though not by accident of birth. 
Dr. Nicholson is a Pittsburgher and has 
ever been an advocate and upholder of 
the best interests of the metropolis. 

Dr. Harry Schuyler Nicholson was born 
June 20, 1869, in Burkeville, Cumberland 
county, Kentucky, and is a son of the late 
John Nicholson, Jr., and Mary Elizabeth 
(Cheek) Nicholson. A biography of Mr. 
Nicholson, with full ancestral record, 
appears elsewhere in this work. Harry 
Schuyler Nicholson received his prepara- 
tory education in the public schools and 
high school of Pittsburgh, afterward at- 
tending the Western University of Penn- 
sylvania, now the University of Pitts- 
burgh. He was fitted for his profession 
at the Hahnemann Medical College, Phil- 
adelphia, graduating from that institution 
in 1896, with the degree of Doctor of 
Medicine. After one year's experience in 
the Homoeopathic Hospital of Pittsburgh, 
Dr. Nicholson began the general practice 
of his profession in that city and has ever 
since been continuously active, acquiring 
a large clientele and building up an honor- 
able reputation. He is a member of the 
American Institute of Homoeopathy, the 
State Homoeopathic Association, in 
which, in 1913, he held the office of presi- 
dent, and the Allegheny County Homoeo- 
pathic Medical Society, having been form- 
erly president of this organization also. 
He belongs to the East End Doctors' 
Club. Dr. Nicholson has contributed 
various articles tO' medical journals and 
the manner in which these have been re- 
ceived has proved that his pen has been 
employed to good purpose. In politics 



2444 




C7&H^^ ^^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Dr. Nicholson is an Independent Republi- 
can, voting always with a view to the 
betterment of conditions in his commu- 
nity. He is a member of the Sixth Pres- 
byterian Church. Any reference to his 
appearance and manner would be out of 
place here, inasmuch as nearly a score of 
years of successful practice and good 
citizenship have made them thoroughly 
familiar to a large number of Pitts- 
burghers. 

Dr. Nicholson married, July 7, 1908, 
Hallie Belle, daughter of William and 
Mary McKown, of Pittsburgh, and they 
are the parents of one child, Janet Schuy- 
ler Nicholson. Mrs. Nicholson is a 
woman of winning personality and both 
she and her husband are extremely popu- 
lar in Pittsburgh society. 

Dr. Nicholson's line of ancestry has, in 
the successive generations, been honor- 
ably identified with the world of business. 
It has remained for him to worthily asso- 
ciate the name with the profession of 
medicine. 



HAYMAKER, Hon. John C, 

Xiawyer, Jurist. 

In every position of public and private 
trust, the Hon. John Carothers Hay- 
maker, of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, judge 
of Common Pleas Court, has shown his 
possessions of those qualities of head and 
heart, which are essential to the wise per- 
formance of the responsible duties which 
have devolved upon him. The best tradi- 
tions of the old school have been applied 
by him to the conditions of modern life, 
with the changes made necessary by the 
modern standard of living. Liberal in his 
ideas, he has advanced the prosperity of 
the community in which he has been 
an active and important factor by his wise 
decisions. The Haymaker family is one 
of the pioneer families of Westmoreland 



county, Pennsylvania, and its record is 
intimately interwoven with the history of 
the state. 

(I) Christophel Haymaker, the Ameri- 
can progenitor, was a native of Germany, 
who came to the United States about the 
time of the Revolutionary War, and set- 
tled in Pennsylvania. His death occurred 
in 1788, and he was buried at the mouth 
of Plum Creek, on the site of the village 
of Verona. 

(II) Jacob, son of Christophel Hay- 
maker, was one of the earliest residents 
in Franklin township, Westmoreland 
county. He gained prestige there for the 
manner in which he discharged the duties 
of his office as a justice of the peace, and 
was justly popular throughout the section 
of the country in which he lived. His 
three sons all acquired wealth as farmers, 
and occupied prominent positions in the 
community. They were named : John, 
see forward ; George ; Michael. 

(III) John, son of Jacob Haymaker, 
made his home near Murrysville, where 
he was engaged in agricultural pursuits. 
He married Anna Newlen, and among 
their thirteen children were: William N., 
see forward ; George ; Michael ; John ; 
Frank Laird ; Mary, married Rev. A. Mc- 
Elwain, D. D. ; Nancy, married Dr. Mur- 
ray Service ; Keziah, married William 
Chambers; Elizabeth, married J. W. Har- 
vey. 

(IV) William N., son of John and 
Anna (Newlen) Haymaker, was born in 
Franklin township, Westmoreland county, 
and was a farmer by occupation. He fol- 
lowed the same pursuit in Patton town- 
ship for a period of forty years, then re- 
moved to Turtle Creek, Allegheny county, 
Pennsylvania, where he resided until the 
time of his death. As a public-spirited 
citizen he achieved prominence in Turtle 
Creek, serving one term as burgess, and 
two terms as justice of the peace for Pat- 



2445 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ton township. He served three years in 
the Civil War as lieutenant of his com- 
pany and later as quartermaster of the 
Sixty-third Regiment, Pennsylvania "Vol- 
unteers. In religious aftairs he was also 
well-known, and was a member of the 
Presbyterian church. William N. Hay- 
maker married Mary, daughter of Joseph 

and Sarah ( ) Simpson, of Patton 

township, and they had children : Joseph ; 
Anna; Virginia; Seward; John Carothers, 
see forward; Ida; William, and Laura. 
(V) Hon. John Carothers, son of Wil- 
liam N. and Mary (Simpson) Haymaker, 
was born in Patton township, Allegheny 
county, Pennsylvania, September 2, 1853. 
The public schools furnished his elemen- 
tary education, and this was supplemented 
by attendance at the Laird Institute, 
Murrysville, Pennsylvania. He read law 
under the preceptorship of Joseph S. Hay- 
maker, and registered as a law student, 
July 19, 1872. On the motion of Samuel 
A. McClung, he was admitted to the bar 
of Allegheny county, July 17, 1875. He 
was elected assistant district attorney of 
Allegheny county in 1887, for a term of 
three years, and was twice thereafter re- 
elected, serving until June, 1894, when he 
resigned from office. In that year he was 
elected to fill the office of district at- 
torney, for a term expiring 1897. He was 
twice reelected after this to succeed him- 
self, his last term expiring in 1904. On 
January 29, 1908, he was appointed Judge 
of the Court of Common Pleas, No. 2, 
by Governor Edwin S. Stuart, to serve 
until the first Monday of January, 1909. 
At the General Election of 1908 he was 
elected to succeed himself for the term of 
ten years from the first Monday of Janu- 
ary, 1909, of which office he is the incum- 
bent at the present time. He has always 
been a supporter of the principles of the 
Republican party, and has been consis- 
tent in expressing his opinions and fur- 



thering the interests of the party to which 
he gives his adherence. His club affilia- 
tions are not numerous, being confined to 
membership in the Pittsburgh Golf Club, 
the Americus and Crucible clubs of Pitts- 
burgh. 

Judge Haymaker married, November 
18, 1878, Anna M., daughter of John Mc- 
Knight, of Pittsburgh, and they had chil- 
dren: Marguerite McKnight, married J. 
A. Fronheiser, of Johnstown, Pennsylva- 
nia; Mary S., married F. O. Bennett, of 
New York; and Louise B., married 
Charles Reisfar. Mrs. Haymaker passed 
away January 21, 1915. 

Judge Haymaker has demonstrated his 
public-spirit in many instances, and has 
earned the esteem of the entire commu- 
nity. The consistency and uprightness of 
his conduct in the most difficult and try- 
ing conditions have endeared him tO' the 
masses, and won him a place in the hearts 
of all his fellow-citizens. 



TREES, Joseph C, 

Leading Oil and Gas Operator. 

Oil and gas- — these are two of the 
mightiest sources of Pittsburgh's phe- 
nomenal wealth and world-wide renown 
— and even as it was Pittsburgh men who 
developed the first oil fields in Pennsyl- 
vania and made the first oil markets, so 
it is now citizens of the industrial me- 
tropolis who guide, control and annually 
increase the colossal force of this greatest 
of American financial hierarchies. Promi- 
nent among these oil magnates of the 
present day is Joseph Clifton Trees, presi- 
dent of several large corporations operat- 
ing in the southwest, and also vice-presi- 
dent of the Benedum-Trees Oil Company. 
Mr. Trees is intimately identified with the 
leading interests of his home city and his 
name is a synonym for philanthropy and 
public spirit. 



2446 




(3r 




ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Joseph Clifton Trees was born Novem- 
ber lo, 1869, in Westmoreland county, 
Pennsylvania, and is a son of Isaac T. 
and Lucy A. Trees. He received a liberal 
education, graduating in 1892 from the 
Indiana Normal School, and in 1895 from 
the University of Pittsburgh, then the 
Western University of Pennsylvania. 

Early in his career Mr. Trees gave proof 
of his possession of that faculty so essen- 
tial to a successful business man — the 
faculty of looking far ahead and discern- 
ing in advance the course of events. 
Recognizing the vast possibilities of the 
oil and gas resources of the State of 
Louisiana, he decided, in association with 
a number of fellow Pittsburghers, to 
enter that field, with the result that he be- 
came a pioneer in the producing business 
in that region, and by his rare judgment 
and acute discernment was instrumental 
in making the State one of the nation's 
leading oil and gas producing territories. 

In the vast Pittsburgh" district which 
leads the world in oil and gas production, 
Mr. Trees is a power and his influence ex- 
tends not only over a large portion of the 
United States but makes itself felt in 
Mexico. He is president of the Arkansas 
Natural Gas Company, the Arkansas Fuel 
Oil Company, the J. C. Trees Oil Com- 
pany, the Penn Mex Oil Company, the 
Wabash Gas Company and the Regal Oil 
Company, and vice-president of the Bene- 
dum-Trees Oil Company. He seems to 
possess the touch of Midas, oil and gas, 
under his skillful manipulation, being 
transmuted into gold. 

Intensely public-spirited, Mr. Trees has 
been prominently connected with a num- 
ber of movements tending to promote the 
interests of Pittsburgh and in a notable 
way he has acted the part of a benefactor. 
No good work done in the name of char- 
ity or religion seeks his cooperation in 
vain, but so quietly are his donations be- 



stowed that their full number will, in all 
probability, never be known to the world. 
He belongs to the Pittsburgh Press, Pitts- 
burgh Country, Duquesne and Oakmont 
Country clubs and the Pittsburgh Ath- 
letic Association. 

One of the leading characteristics of 
Mr. Trees is love for his abiia mater and 
he has devoted large sums of money to 
the enlargement and embellishment of this 
institution. Chief among his benefactions 
is the noble Trees gymnasium and ath- 
letic stadium. His bounty, however, to 
the university, has not been limited to 
these gifts, munificent as they are. 

The personality of Mr. Trees is that of 
a man of a many-sided mental equipment 
endowed with the imagination necessary 
to take a large view of large affairs, and 
withal possessing an energy and an en- 
thusiasm which make him a tireless and a 
most effective worker in a wide and diver- 
sified field of endeavor. His countenance 
bears the imprint of these characteristics. 
It is an intellectual face and a resolute 
one. Invincible determination looks out 
of the dark eyes and the finely moulded 
features, accentuated by a dark mous- 
tache, are those of a man of purpose. He 
is at once a thinker and a doer, and withal 
the face wears a genial aspect and shows 
a kindliness of disposition which account 
for the well-known fact that no man in 
Pittsburgh has a larger number of de- 
voted friends. Ardent and loyal in his 
attachments and possessing a chivalrous 
sense of honor, he is loved by many and 
trusted by all. 

Mr. Trees married, December 20, 1894, 
Claudine V. Willison, daughter of An- 
drew Willison, and they are the parents 
of one son: Joseph Graham Trees, born 
August 5, 1896. 

The commanding position which Mr. 
Trees, by well trained talent and force of 
character, has made for himself in the 



2447 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



business world, is one which many men 
would regard as the acme of the ambition 
of a life-time, but there are greater heights 
to be scaled and the motto of a man like 
Joseph Clifton Trees is and ever will be 
■'Excelsior!" 



HARVEY, Laning, 

Financier, State Official. 

In 1772, Benjamin Harvey, born in 
Lyme, Connecticut, settled in the town of 
Plymouth, in the Wyoming Valley of 
Pennsylvania. From his coming until the 
present, Harveys have been prominent in 
public, business and professional life in 
the valley. 

Laning Harvey, of Wilkes-Barre, is of 
the eighth generation of his family in 
America, and of the sixth generation in 
the Wyoming Valley. Although one of 
Wilkes-Barre's young business men, he 
has attained prominence m the public 
service, and has been honored by the chief 
executives of his State by appointment to 
responsible positions. He is a young man 
of pleasing personality, well-known not 
only in his own city but far beyond. He 
is a son of William Jameson Harvey, with 
whom he was closely associated until the 
latter's death in 1907, one of the most 
eminent of the sons of Wyoming. The 
line of descent from Thomas Harvey, born 
in Somersetshire, England, the founder of 
the family in America, to Laning Harvey, 
a leading twentieth century descendant of 
the eighth generation is thus traced by 
Dr. Hayden. 

Thomas Harvey came to New England 
in 1636, settling first in Dorchester, Mas- 
sachusetts, later going to Taunton, where 
he died in 1651. He married Elizabeth 
Andrews, and had issue. His youngest 
son, John, married and had a son, John 
(2), who also married and reared a family. 
This John (2) Harvey was the father of 



Benjamin Harvey, born in Lyme, Con- 
necticut, July 28, 1722, in the Wyoming 
Valley. He died at Plymouth, Pennsyl- 
vania, November 2j, 1795, having been 
twice married, and leaving a son, Elisha, 
who, with his sister, Lois, were the only 
children of a large family to survive their 
father. 

Elisha, youngest son of Benjamin Har- 
vey, "the founder'', and his first wife, 
Elizabeth Pelton, was born in Lyme, 
Connecticut, in 1758 and at the age of 
fourteen years came to the Wyoming 
Valley with his parents. He was a soldier 
of the Revolution, served under General 
Sullivan in his memorable Indian cam- 
paign of 1779, was captured by British 
and Indians in December, 1780, and taken 
to Montreal, Canada. He was held a 
prisoner by the Indians until late in 1781, 
then was bought by a Scotch trader, and 
late in the summer of 1782 was exchanged 
and allowed to return to his home in 
Plymouth. He sufifered with the other 
Connecticut settlers during the "Penna- 
mite" wars, and took a prominent part in 
the exciting events of that period. He 
married, November 27, 1786, Rosanna, 
daughter of Robert and Agnes (Dixon) 
Jameson, and had a large family. Elisha 
Harvey died March 4, 1800. 

Jameson, the third son and sixth child 
of Elisha Harvey, the Revolutionary sol- 
dier, was born in Plymouth township, 
Luzerne county, near what is now West 
Nanticoke, January i, 1806, died July 4, 
1885. He was a farmer, but in 1828 began 
coal mining operations, becoming a well- 
known and progressive operator. He also 
conducted large lumbering enterprises, 
and in 1863 turned his mining interests 
over to his sons and devoted himself 
chiefly to lumbering. In January, 1869, 
he moved to Wilkes-Barre, there residing 
until his death sixteen years later. He 
married, December 28, 1832, Mary Camp- 



2448 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



bell, born September 12, 1801, daughter of 
James and Margaret (Stewart) Campbell, 
of Scotch ancestry. They were the par- 
ents of two sons, William Jameson and 
Henry Harrison Harvey ; and two daugh- 
ters, Margaret Campbell and Mary Har- 
vey. 

William Jameson, eldest son and sec- 
ond child of Jameson and Mary (Camp- 
bell) Harvey, was born at West Nanti- 
coke, Luzerne county, Pennsylvania, May 
13, 1838, died in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsyl- 
vania, June 4, 1907, after a long life of 
exceptional honor and usefulness. He 
was educated in those two famous schools 
of the Wyoming Valley, Wyoming Insti- 
tute and Wyoming Seminary, continuing 
his studies at Chase Academy, Middle- 
town, Connecticut, and at Edgehill School, 
Princeton, New Jersey. In 1859 he aban- 
doned preparation for college and began 
active business life as superintendent of 
his father's coal mines at West Nanti- 
coke. Two years later on October 15, 

1861, he enlisted as a private in Company 
F, Seventh Regiment Pennsylvania Re- 
serve Volunteer Corps ; was promoted to 
first lieutenant, November 7; to adjutant, 
November 20 ; and resigned November 25, 

1862. It was his intention to reenlist in 
another command, but on his return home 
he was made to see the necessity of re- 
lieving his father of a part of his respon- 
sibilities and, yielding to the paternal de- 
sires, he again resumed mining operations 
in the spring of 1863, forming a partner- 
ship with his brother, and as Harvey 
Brothers operating the West Nanticoke 
mine until 1871, when the property was 
sold. They also conducted a lumber yard 
in Plymouth, making that their principal 
business after 1871, trading as Harvey 
Brothers & Company until selling out in 
1886. 

Mr. Harvey first became interested in 
banking in 1865, as a director of the First 



National Bank of Kingston. In 1871 he 
moved to Wilkes-Barre, where he became 
and was until his death a director of the 
Miners' Savings Bank. He was also 
president of the Wyoming Valley Lace 
Mills, president of the Wilkes-Barre Opera 
House Company, and owned large trac- 
tion company interests. He purchased in 
1870, with two associates, a controling 
interest in the Wilkes-Barre & Kingston 
Street Railway, took personal manage- 
ment, and operated it until 1892, when it 
became a part of the Wilkes-Barre and 
Wyoming Valley Traction Company, of 
which Mr. Harvey became a director. He 
continued active in business until his 
death, and was one of the successful men 
of his day. 

After moving to Wilkes-Barre, Mr. Har- 
vey became deeply interested in public 
affairs. In 1874 he was an independent 
candidate for mayor, was elected school 
director in 1875, serving until 1881, five of 
those years being president of the board ; 
was elected councilman in 1885, and 
served until April, 1898, being president 
of council 1886-1891 and from 1894-1898. 
In 1892 he was a presidential elector on 
the Harrison and Reed ticket, and in 1900 
on the McKinley and Roosevelt ticket. 
He was outspoken in his advocacy of Re- 
publican principles and candidates, and a 
tower of strength to any candidate whose 
cause he espoused. 

For over thirty years he was a member 
of the Masonic order, holding all the de- 
grees of blue lodge, chapter and com- 
mandery of the York Rite, and at the time 
of his death was the oldest past eminent 
commander of Dieu Le Veut Command- 
ery No. 45, Knights Templar. He was a 
noble of Irem Temple, Nobles of the 
Mystic Shrine, and was a thirty-second 
degree Mason of the Ancient Accepted 
Scottish Rite. He was also a member of 
the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks ; 



2449 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Conyingham Post No. 97, Grand Army of 
the Republic ; and of the Military Order 
of the Loyal Legion of the United States. 

Mr. Harvey married (first) December 
9, i86g, Jessie Wright, bom July 20, 1848, 
died June 29, 1877. He married (second) 
October 21, 1880, Amanda Mary Laning, 
daughter of Augustus C. and Amanda 
(Christel) Laning. William J. Harvey 
by his first marriage had four children : 
William Jameson (2), died in infancy; 
Robert Rieman, a graduate of Lehigh 
University, E. E., class of 1895 ; Edward 
Darling, died in childhood ; Emily Cist, 
died in infancy, her mother surviving her 
birth but two weeks. By his second mar- 
riage a son, Laning. 

Laning Harvey, only child of \\'illiam 
Jameson Harvey and his second wife, 
Amanda Mary Laning, was born at the 
Harvey home in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsyl- 
vania, January 17, 1882. He was edu- 
cated at Harry Hillman Academy,Wilkes- 
Barre, and the Hill School, Pottstown, 
Pennsylvania, completing his course and 
graduating at the latter institution with 
the class of 1902. After leaving school 
he at once became associated with his 
honored father in his various business 
enterprises, and continued his efiicient 
assistant and representative until the 
death of William J. Harvey in 1907. 
Since that time he has engaged in busi- 
ness along the same lines, succeeding his 
father as director of the Miners' Savings 
Bank of Wilkes-Barre, and has since been 
chosen a director of the Hollenback Coal 
Company, also managing his own large 
private estate. He brings to the fulfil- 
ment of his official duties an earnestness 
of purpose and an alert mind, trained in 
the school of experience under an able 
preceptor, his father, and as the years add 
the wisdom that nothing else can give, 
his equipment will be equal to the added 
responsibilities the twentieth century im- 
poses upon her business sons. 



j\Ir. Harvey has taken a deep interest 
in the preservation of game and was ap- 
pointed by Governor Stuart, a member of 
the State Game Commission, and was re- 
appointed by Governor Tener. He con- 
tinued on the Game Commission until the 
present administration, when he was re- 
moved to accept Governor Brumbaugh's 
appointment as a member of the State 
Board of Public Charities. He has served 
two terms as a member of Wilkes-Barre 
common council, being first appointed to 
fill the unexpired term of John Hance. 

While fully alive to the responsibilities 
as a citizen and business man, Mr. Har- 
vey has a full appreciation of the social 
obligation and is connected with leading 
organizations of the city. He is a member 
of the various bodies of the Masonic 
order, is an Elk and holds active member- 
ship in the Wilkes-Barre clubs : West- 
moreland, Country, Franklin and Press, 
the Union League and Manufacturers' 
clubs of Philadelphia, and Country Club 
of Atlantic City, New Jersey. He is a 
Republican in politics and an attendant 
of St. Stephen's Protestant Episcopal 
Church. 

Mr. Harvey married, November 15, 
1905, Marian E., daughter of Arthur and 
Jennie (Abbott) Burgess, of English par- 
entage. They are the parents of two chil- 
dren, Laning, Jr., and Robert Burgess 
Harvey. 



WELLES, Edward, 

Useful and Estimable Citizen. 

When George Welles, a descendant of 
Colonial Governor Thomas Welles, of 
Connecticut, led his family to Pennsylva- 
nia in 1798, he there planted a race that 
has ever since been prominent in the 
Wyoming Valley and in Northern Penn- 
sylvania. Edward Welles, of Wilkes- 
Barre, to whose memory this sketch is 
dedicated, was a grandson of George, the 



2450 




S'-^^'^'T^^^ce^^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



pioneer of 1798, and of the eighth genera- 
tion of the Welles family in America. 

Thomas Welles, the founder, was a 
member of the Essex branch of the an- 
cient and honorable Welles family of 
England, who traced their ancestry to the 
year 794, and by intermarriage was con- 
nected with royalty. Thomas Welles 
came to America in 1636 as private secre- 
tary to Lord Saye and Seal. He located 
in Connecticut, became very prominent 
in public affairs of that colony, and was 
Deputy-Governor and Governor for a 
period of five years, 1655-1659, inclusive. 
The line of descent from Governor Thom- 
as Welles to Edward Welles, of Wilkes- 
Barre, is direct, and through intermar- 
riage includes many family names noted 
in the colonial and State records of Con- 
necticut and Pennsylvania, among whom 
may be named that of the Puritan hero 
Lieutenant John Hollister, the Goodrichs, 
Treats, the Talcotts, Hunts and Hollen- 
backs. 

The line of descent from Thomas 
Welles is through Samuel, the Governor's 
fourth son, who married (first) in Hart- 
ford, Connecticut, Elizabeth Hollister; 
Captain Samuel, son of Samuel and Eliza- 
beth (Hollister) Welles, selectman and 
captain of militia in Wethe.rsfield, who 
5 \ married Ruth Rice ; Thomas,! son of Cap- 
■*^-.tain and Ruth. (Rice) Welles, of Glaston- 
bury, Connecticut, who married Martha 
V PitkinT G^QCge, the pioneer of the family 
f/Vln Pennsylvarna7Son_al_John and Martha 
V (Pitkin) Welles, who married Prudence 
Talcott ; Charles Fisher, of Wyalusing, 
Pennsylvania, son of George and Pru- 
dence (Talcott) Welles, who married 
Ellen J. Hollenback ; Edward, of Wilkes- 
Barre, son of Charles Fisher and Ellen J. 
(Hollenback) Welles. 

George Welles, of the sixth American 
generation, was born in Glastonbury, 
Connecticut, January 13, 1756, died in 



Athens, Pennsylvania, January 20, 1813. 
He was a graduate of Yale College, Bache- 
lor of Arts, class of 1779. He settled in 
Northern Pennsylvania, at Tioga Point, 
and soon afterward became agent for the 
large landed estate owned by Charles 
Carroll, of CarroUton, Maryland. In 1800 
he was appointed justice of the peace, and 
until his death in 1813 was prominent in 
local aftairs. 

Charles Fisher Welles was born in 
Glastonbury, November 5, 1789, died in 
Wyalusing, Pennsylvania, September 23, 
1866. He came to Pennsylvania with his 
father when a lad of nine years, but was 
sent back to Connecticut to finish his edu- 
cation, attending Bacon Academy at Col- 
chester. After completing his education 
he returned to Pennsylvania, where he 
was variously engaged until 1812, when 
under appointment of Governor Snyder 
he became prothonotary, clerk of courts, 
register and recorder of the newly or- 
ganized Bradford county, which offices he 
held six years, residing at Towanda the 
county seat. He became deeply interested 
in local politics, and was part owner of 
the "Bradford Gazette", an anti-Federal- 
ist newspaper, and a strong factor in 
creating public sentiment. In 1818, when 
his successor in office was appointed, Mr. 
Welles removed to Wyalusing, where in 
farming and in the management of his 
large and varied business interests he 
ended his days. He married, in Wilkes- 
Barre, on August 15, 1816, Ellen J. Hol- 
lenback, born in that city, January 21, 
1788, died in Wyalusing, March 14, 1876, 
of the prominent Hollenback family of 
the Wyoming Valley, daughter Matthias 
and Sarah (Burritt) Hollenback. 

Edward Welles was born in Wyalu- 
sing, Pennsylvania, January 30, 1832, died 
at his home in Wilkes-Barre, March 8, 
■/914, youngest of the nine children of 
Charles Fisher and Ellen (Hollenback) 



2451 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Welles. He was a student at both La- 
fayette and Williams colleges, leaving the 
latter institution in 185 1 to assist his 
brother, John, in the management of the 
estate of his mother, continuing in the care 
of the estate until about 1870. When Lee 
invaded Pennsylvania in 1863, Mr. Welles 
enlisted for State defense, serving three 
months. In 1871 he established his home 
in Wilkes-Barre, there becoming promi- 
nent in business life and continuing his 
residence until his death. He was a di- 
rector of the Second National Bank re- 
tiring in 1879, and in 1884 became a direc- 
tor of the People's Bank, a position he 
held several years. He was also a man- 
ager of the Hollenback Cemetery Asso- 
ciation, serving as secretary-treasurer 
from 1882 until 1896, and was president 
of the Hollenback Coal Company. In 
1888 he built the Welles Building, on the 
public square, that being the first large 
office building erected in Wilkes-Barre. 
He was an active member of the Wyo- 
ming Historical and Geological Society, 
and a trustee for many years ; a member 
of the board of trustees of Memorial Hall, 
the home of Conyngham Post, Grand 
Army of the Republic ; and was a 
communicant of the First Presbyterian 
Church. 

This record of business life and public 
service of Edward Welles gives little idea 
of his true character; in fact, that was 
known only to those intimate with him. 
He was not a man deeply engrossed in 
business ; in fact, did not desire to be 
numbered with the captains of industry 
who flourished in his day. He, however, 
conducted his own affairs well, and al- 
though he made some mistakes of judg- 
ment, his investments were generally well 
selected. He was a man of highest prin- 
ciple, esteeming his honor and his promise 
sacred. He held to the old ideas in regard 
to property, believing it should he held 

245 



intact in the family that accumulated it. 
He was most charitable, giving away 
probably one-tenth of his income each 
year, but doing it without ostentation 
and so quietly that few were aware 
of the magnitude of his benefactions. 
A number of schools in the south and 
in the far west received generous aid 
from him every year, as did many 
other institutions. To his old friends 
whom prosperity avoided, he was ever 
helpful and to those of his own family not 
closely connected, his gifts were large and 
frequent. He was much sought for in 
counsel and advice, giving freely in that 
way as well as more substantially. Dif- 
fident and rather reserved in manner, he 
cared little for society, but with his old 
friends he was most sociable and hospit- 
able. He was a great lover of his home, 
and was especially fond of his summer 
home at Glen Summit. 

Literature was perhaps his greatest 
passion, and in his quite extensive library 
he pursued a wide and varied course of 
reading. His well cultivated mind be- 
came a veritable storehouse of knowl- 
edge, and among his friends he was 
known as the "walking encyclopedia," 
and many were the disputed questions of 
fact referred to him for final settlement. 
He was deeply interested in historical 
subjects, especially those relating to the 
valley in which his boyhood days were 
spent. He was a clear and interesting 
writer on historical subjects, and although 
he never published his writings in book 
form, he frequently contributed to the 
local papers. During the last four years 
of his life he wrote a series of articles 
dealing with the quaint old characters in 
the village in which he was born. He 
also contributed several articles on his- 
torical subjects and events to the "Penn- 
sylvania German Magazine," he having 
long been interested in the original Ger- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



man emigrants to Pennsylvania and their 
descendants. He possessed a keen sense 
of humor, and no one enjoyed a good joke 
more than he. He was not as ready at 
repartee and joke as some, but if he had 
a Httle time to prepare himself could be 
very witty. But pathos came mo(re 
readily than wit, and few there are who 
were present a few years ago at a banquet 
given Lafayette College alumni, who will 
soon forget the beauty and pathos of his 
speech in which he called the roll of his 
class, all of whom, save himself, had an- 
swered roll call in the spirit land. 

In his religious faith he held to the 
strict interpretation of the orthodox faith 
of the Presbyterian church, and he ordered 
his life in accordance therewith. Honor, 
uprightness and truth characterized his 
life, and no descendant of Governor 
Thomas Welles ever lived a purer, more 
blameless life. 

Edward Welles married, August 26, 
i8gi, Stella Hollenback, daughter of 
George M. and Julia A. (Woodworth) 
Hollenback, of Yorkville, Illinois, who 
survives him, residing at 28 West South 
street, Wilkes-Barre. Her only child is 
a son, Edward Welles, Jr., a student at 
Lafayette College, class of 1916. 



WESTERVELT FAMILY. 

The Westervelt family was established 
in this country in 1662, by Lubbert Lub- 
bertsen Van Westervelt, who settled on 
Long Island immediately after his arrival 
in New Amsterdam. The record of his 
purchase of real estate in Elatbush ap- 
pears in Volume B, folio 114, of the Hol- 
land records. About 1676 he removed with 
his family to Hackensack, New Jersey, 
and which has ever since been the head- 
quarters of the family. At the organiza- 
tion of the Dutch church in that commun- 
ity, July 29, 1686, Lubbert Van Westervelt 
and his wife, Geesie (Grace), were charter 



members, and for many generations the 
Westervelts have been identified with the 
Dutch and Episcopal churches in that and 
other communities in which members of 
the family are found. The old Wester- 
velt house, built by a grandson of Lub- 
bert Lubbertsen Van Westervelt, still 
stands at New Hackensack, near Pough- 
keepsie, New York, to which place he 
moved in 1744. Lubbert Lubbertsen Van 
Westervelt and his wife, Geesie, were the 
parents of numerous children, among 
them being 

(II) Roelof, son of Lubbert, senior; 
was baptized in Meppel, Holland, on the 
loth of March, 1659. He accompanied 
his parents to America, and resided on 
Long Island during the days of boyhood. 
When twenty-nine years of age he mar- 
ried, at Bergen, Orsolena or Wesselena, 
daughter of Caspar Stymets and Janne- 
kin Gerrits, of the same town, on the 25th 
of March, 1688. In 1695, in company 
with nine others, he purchased from the 
Lord Proprietors of East Jersey, for the 
sum of one hundred pounds, a large tract 
of land embracing some thousands of 
acres extending from the Hudson river to 
the Overpeck, or English Creek, and run- 
ing northerly and southerly a distance of 
about two miles. Roelof obtained the 
most northerly portion of the tract and 
settled upon it, part of said lands still 
being in possession of his descendants. 
He became a member of the church at 
Hackensack in 1687, and was a deacon for 
many years. He married, at Schraalen- 
burgh, for his second wife. Lea, the 
daughter of Jean Demaree and Jacominia 
Druens. She was the widow of Abram 
Brower. This marriage occurred on the 
15th of May, 1731. 

(III) Johannes, son of Roelof, was 
baptized at Hackensack, July 11, 1696, 
and married Egie or Efie, daughter of 
Peter de Groot and Belitje van Schaick, 



2453 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



at the same place. October ii, 1718. They 
were the parents of fourteen children. 

(IV) Petrus, son of Johannes, was bap- 
tized at Hackensack, February 18, 1722. 
He married Catelyntje Taeleman, about 
1745, and they had children. 

(V) Peter, son of Petrus, was born 
May 5, 1759. He served in the War of 
the Revolution, in Colonel Hawke Hays's 
regiment of Orange county. New York 
infantry, in the company of Captain Jane- 
way, the company being made up of 
the descendants of old Dutch families of 
New York. (See "New York in the Rev- 
olution ;" Archives State of New York — 
"The Revolution".) Peter married twice ; 
marrying (second) Catherine Blauvelt, 
May 16, 1785. He died in 1801. 

(VI) Abraham, son of Peter, was born 
May 27, 1786. He married Marian Mc- 
Kenzie, September 22, 1805, and died 
February 10, 1864. Abraham Westervelt 
served his country in the War of 1812. 
He came to Pittsburgh on or before 1830, 
and was for many years connected with 
the early business interests of the city. 
He was a manufacturer of Venetian 
blinds, his factory being located on the 
corner of what is now Third avenue and 
Market street. The family was promi- 
nent in church and musical circles, the 
Westervelt home being for many years a 
rendezvous for local musicians, among 
which were the Tomers, the Mellors, the 
Rineharts and the McClatcheys. 

(VII) Abraham, son of Abraham (VI), 
was born February 26, 1826. He married 
Hannah McClatchey, February 15, i860, 
and died August 15, 1894. Children of 
Abraham and Hannah (McClatchey) 
Westervelt: i. Marian McKenzie, born 
June 30, 1861. 2. Ida L., born December 
5, 1863, married George Hunt Hutchin- 
son, March 8, 1894. 3. Harry Clarkson, 
see below. 4. Lena C. born August 17, 
1869. 



(VIII) Harry Clarkson, son of Abra- 
ham and Hannah (McClatchey) Wester- 
velt, was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsyl- 
vania, April 14, 1867; was educated in 
the schools of Pittsburgh, and Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania ; is practicing medi- 
cine in Pittsburgh. He married, Novem- 
ber 7, 1900, Frederica Louisa Ballard (see 
Ballard line), and they have had children : 
I. Harriet Clarkson, born February 10, 
1902. 2. Frederick Lyman Ballard, born 
July 31, 1903. 3. Peter, born November 
22, 1907. 

The arms of the Westervelt family are 
as follows : Arms — Vert, three fleurs de 
lis or. Crest — Two arms in armor, ar- 
gent ; hands natural (ppr) out of a ducal 
coronet holding a fleur de lis, or. Motto 
— Per criicem ad coronam. 

(The Ballard Line). 

(I) William Ballard was born in Eng- 
land, about 1617. It has been believed 
by many historians that he is the "Wil- 
liam Ballard" who shipped for New Eng- 
land March 26, 1634, in the "Mary and 
John." He would have been only about 
eighteen years old at the time, rather an 
unusual age for a Pilgrim ; but he was as- 
sociated with several of those who came in 
that ship at Newbury, Massachusetts 
(where he owned land in 1645) ^"^ An- 
dover. He married, at a place and time 

not yet ascertained, Grace whose 

name and family are not known. An- 
dover was the plantation where the 
greater portion of Mr. Ballard's life in 
New England was passed. The most 
ancient entry on the town records of 
Andover is a list headed "The names of 
all the free house houlders in order as 
they came to towne," and the sixteenth 
name in this list is "William Ballard." 

(II) Joseph Ballard, son of the above 
William and Grace Ballard, was born at 
date not recorded; married (first) Feb- 
ruary 28, 1665, Elizabeth, daughter of 

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ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Edward and Elizabeth (Adams) Phelps, 
of Andover ; she died July 27, 1692 ; he 
married (second) November 15, 1692, 
Rebeckah, widow of Joseph Home 
(Orne) ; she died February 11, 1740. He 
was of Andover. 

(III) Josiah Ballard, son of Joseph 
and Rebeckah (Home) Ballard, was born 
June 22, 1699, at Andover; married, Au- 
gust 7, 1721, Mary, daughter of Thomas 
and Mary (Stevens) Chandler, born 
March 8, 1702, died April 3, 1779. He 
resided at Andover; died December 26, 
1780. 

(IV) Josiah (2) Ballard, son of Josiah 
(i) and Mary (Chandler) Ballard, was 
born at Andover, August 14, 1721 ; mar- 
ried (intention at Lancaster, March 23, 
1743-44), Sarah, daughter of Thomas and 
Ruth (Phelps) Carter, born November 
10, 1725, and died March 31, 1799. He 
resided at Lancaster; was a deacon from 
September, 1781, till his resignation, 
July 31, 1794. He died August 6, 1799. 

(V) William Ballard, son of Josiah (2) 
and Sarah (Carter) Ballard, was born at 
Lancaster, March 23, 1764; married, 
March 19, 1787, Elizabeth, daughter of 
Jonathan and Mary (Wyman) Whitney, 
born February 14, 1769, died December 
7, 1857. He settled in Charlemont about 
1789. He was a captain. His death 
occurred May 25, 1842. 

(VI) Josiah (3) Ballard, son of above 
William and Elizabeth (Whitney) Bal- 
lard, was born at Charlemont, August 30, 
1794; married (first) August 19, 1825, 
Margaret, daughter of Aaron and Electa 
(Graves) Lyman, who was born Novem- 
ber 22, 1800, and died May 2, 1854. He 
married (second) Mrs. Sylvia R. Warner, 
mother of Charles Dudley Warner. Resi- 
dence, Charlemont. He died December 
21, i860. 

(VII) Frederic Lyman Ballard, son of 
Josiah (3) and Margaret (Lyman) Bal- 
lard, was born at Charlemont, October i, 



1837; married, June 10, i860, Alice Walk- 
er (see Walker line) ; settled in Athens, 
Ohio, about 1859 ; was three years in Civil 
War; removed to Philadelphia in 1876; 
died at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 
March 20, 1900. Children of Frederic 
Lyman and Alice (Walker) Ballard: 
Ellis Ames ; Margarette Lyman ; and 
Frederica Louisa. 

(VIII) Frederica Louisa Ballard, 
daughter of Frederic Lyman and Alice 
(Walker) Ballard, was born at Philadel- 
phia, Pennsylvania, August 12, 1877, and 
became the wife of Dr. H. C. Wester- 
velt, of Pittsburgh (see Westervelt VIII), 
November 7, 1900. 

(The Walker Line). 

(I) Philip Walker, son of "Widow 
Walker," who came from England in 
1643; died in 1679; married Jane Butter- 
worth, 1654. 

(II) Ebenizer Walker married Doro- 
thy Abell, born 1676, died 1718. 

(III) Caleb Walker, married Abigail 
Dean, born 1706. 

(IV) Comfort Walker married Mehit- 
able Robinson, born 1739, married 1762, 
died 1814. 

(V) Dr. Ezra Walker married Abigail 
Manning, born 1766, married 1787, died 
1852. 

(VI) Archibald Bates Walker married 
Lucy Willis Ames, born 1800, married 
1825, died 1886. 

(VII) Alice Walker, sixth child, born 
1837; married Frederic Lyman Ballard, 
at Athens, Ohio, June 10, i860. 



CARMAN, Earle P., 

Liavryer, Financial Expert. 

Conspicuous among those members of the 
Pittsburgh bar who have become promi- 
nent within the last decade is Earle Park 
Carman, well known not only as a suc- 
cessful lawyer, but also as a financial 



2455 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



expert. Although belonging to the 
younger generation of professional men, 
Mr. Carman is exceptionally experienced, 
having been associated with large enter- 
prises from his youth. 

Mr. Carman was born in Washington 
county, Pennsylvania, and received his 
early education in the public schools, 
afterwards attending Grove City College 
and then studying for his profession at 
the West Virginia University, where he 
completed the law course in 1906. He 
was admitted to practice at the Pitts- 
burgh bar, December 15, 1906, in the 
Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, October 
15, 1907, and in the Supreme Court of the 
United States, November 11, 1912. 

The fact that it was necessary for Mr. 
Carman to work his way through college 
gave him an advantage which falls to the 
lot of every youth so situated, though not 
to all with the same fullness of oppor- 
tunity with which it came to him — the 
advantage of learning at the same time 
from books and from life. While a 
student, Mr. Carman was employed as 
stenographer by various large interests, 
including the law firm of Reed, Smith, 
Shaw & Beal, of Pittsburgh; the Credit 
Department of the Westinghouse Electric 
& Manufacturing Company ; and as sec- 
retary to W. B. Storey, Jr., then chief 
engineer of the Santa Fe railway system, 
now vice-president of that system. The 
experience thus gained must have been of 
inestimable value to the young man, and 
that his natural ability had enabled him 
to profit by it in no ordinary measure was 
apparent from the outset of his career. 

From 1906 to 1909, Mr. Carman was 
associated with the law firm of Blakeley 
& Calvert, of Pittsburgh, devoting his 
time largely to the practice of corporation 
law in all courts, and rising by dint of 
thorough equipment and intense applica- 
tion into well-deserved prominence. 



From 1909 to the present time he has 
practiced alone. 

In 1912-13, Mr. Carman traveled abroad 
for six months in Europe and South 
America, making a study of foreign bank- 
ing systems. On his return he became 
assistant to the head of the French-Amer- 
ican Bank, of Wall street. New York, and 
remained in that position until the bank 
went into liquidation. Mr. Carman then 
returned to Pittsburgh and shortly after- 
wards was made receiver of the High 
Grade Oil Companies and the Virginian 
Coal Company, by appointment of the 
Federal Courts in Pittsburgh, New York 
and West Virginia. 

Mr. Carman is a frequent contributor 
to financial periodicals, and an occasional 
lecturer on financial topics. His insight 
into financial problems is well illustrated 
by the fact that he was the first man to 
publicly advocate important measures in 
the development of the Federal Reserve 
banking system which were afterwards 
adopted by the Federal Reserve Board 
and the National Association of Credit 
Men. These measures were suggested by 
Mr. Carman in an article entitled "The 
Change in Credit Methods Made Neces- 
sary by the Federal Reserve Act," which 
was published in the "Commercial and 
Financial Chronicle," of New York, 
April 24, 191 5, later appeared in pamphlet 
form, and soon found a permanent place 
in financial literature in the libraries of 
the American Bankers Association and of 
all Federal Reserve Banks. 

In the mentality of Mr. Carman, the 
legal mind and the mind of the financier 
are harmoniously blended and this com- 
bination has impressed upon his suc- 
cesses a stamp of singular distinction. 
Deeply read in the law and in finance, 
with an accurate conception of business 
psychology and a marvelous memory, he 
possesses rare skill in the application of 



2456 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



his knowledge and an insight into char- 
acter which enables him to penetrate all 
disguises and renders it well nigh impos- 
sible for him to be taken by surprise. 
These attributes are well understood by 
the public and the profession and have 
caused him to be regarded as a very for- 
midable antagonist. 

Although deeply absorbed in his work, 
Mr. Carman is actively interested in 
public affairs that make for civic progress 
and improvement. He is a member of 
the Pittsburgh Chamber of Commerce, 
and serves on its finance and banking 
committee, and is a member of the 
Masonic fraternity, and of the Third 
Presbyterian Church of Pittsburgh. 

Mr. Carman is a man of valiant fidelity, 
a true friend, and possesses the faculty of 
inspiring loyal attachment in others. His 
appearance is, perhaps, best described by 
the simple recital of what he has accom- 
plished, for his face and bearing show 
him to be a man who has done what is 
recorded of him and indicate that his 
present achievements are only a begin- 
ning. 

(The Carman Line). 

The Carman family is one of the oldest 
of the Anglo-Saxon race. Its authentic 
ancestry, based on official records, begins 
in the English nobility of the reign of 
Edward the Confessor (A. D. 1042), but 
the name appears in the Anglo-Saxon 
chronicles in the time of Alfred the Great 
(A. D. 871-901), in the genealogies of the 
Bishops of Mercia (A. D. 670-796) and is 
mentioned by Bede, the first historian of 
England. The following is a condensed 
chart of the ancestral line of Earle Park 
Carman from A. D. 1042 to the date of 
his birth : 

(i) John Carman, holding a lordship 
in Surrey, A. D. 1042, and holding the 
same A. D. 1085-86, as per records in 
Domesday Book. (2) John Carman of 
Surrey, in the list of Sir Knights Crusad- 



ers of the English Contingent of the First 
Crusade, A. D. 1096. (3) John, 1125, 
holds same lands in Surrey. (4) Wil- 
liam, 1 149, son of preceding, holds same 
lands and manor. (5) William, 1171, son 
of preceding, is in the Battle Abbey Char- 
ters. (6) Thomas, 1199, son of preced- 
ing, in same records. (7) John, 1224, in 
Cinque Port Records, and his son, (8) 
Henry, 1254, in same records of Harwich 
and Herts county. (9) Henry, who is 
clearly traced as son of preceding, is in 
the so-called second historic census of 
England, A. D. 1273, the Rotuli Hun- 
dredorum, or Hundred Rolls. He holds 
a manor and desmesnes at Hemel Hemp- 
stead, and is also referred to as Henry 
Carman and "Matilda his wife." (10) 
William, 1299, who succeeds as heir, who 
has (11) William, born 1325, who has 
(12) John, born 1354, who has (13) John, 
born 1378, who by wife Ann Stratford 
has a son (14) Henry, born 1404, who 
succeeds to the estate as only surviving 
heir. His son (15) Thomas, born 1430, 
has (16) Thomas, born 1459, who has 
(17) John, born 1482, who among others 
has (18) Thomas, born 15 17; William, 
born (?), both Puritan leaders and both 
burned at the stake at Norwich, William 
in 1557 and Thomas in 1558. With the 
latter in the same fire was William Sea- 
man, of Mendelsham in Norfolk. Soon 
after a daughter of William Carman be- 
came the wife of a son of the martyr, 
William Seaman. (See Bloomfield's 
"History of Norfolk;" Neal's "Puritan 
Martyrs," etc). 

Thomas Carman, the martyr of 1558 
(born 1517) had three sons: (19) Thomas, 
born 1539, died 1548, (19) John, born 
1 541 ; (19) Henry, born 1547. 

Of these, Henry, born 1547, had 
Henry, who had Henry, born 1597, who 
in 1620 went to Virginia in the ship 
"Duty." (See Hotton's "Original Lists 
of Immigrants from 1600 to 1700"). Also 



2457 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



see account of him in "Makers of the 
Nation." 

We resume the lineage with (i8) 
Thomas, born 1517, who had (19) John, 
born 1541, who had (20) John, born 
1563, who had (21) John, born 1584, who 
was the father of 

(22) John Carman, the Puritan ances- 
tor of Plymouth Colony, who in 1631 
came in the ship "Lyon," and was of 
Lynn, where in 1632 he had by wife Flor- 
ence (daughter of Rev. Robert Fordham) 
a son John and (1634) a daughter Abigail. 
Next of Wethersfield, Colony of Connec- 
ticut, and in 1641 one of the original 
patentees of Stamford, Connecticut, and 
in 1643, with his father-in-law, of the 
committee who negotiated the purchase 
of about 120,000 acres of land on Long 
Island, extending from Long Island 
Sound to the Atlantic ocean, of the 
Rockaway and Merrick tribes of Indians. 
In 1644 this purchase was confirmed to 
himself (John Carman) and six other 
Englishmen. Of these, one was the noted 
Captain John Seaman, who in 1641 was 
co-patentee of Stamford. In 1644 John 
Carman was one of the first five families 
that settled on this patent — all but one 
of the families being of or from Hemel 
Hempstead, England, and the settlement 
was named Hempstead (originally "New 
Hempstead") and the first child born in 
the settlement was Caleb, son of John 
and Florence Carman. 

We now resume the lineage with 

(I) John Carman, who came in the 
"Lyon" in 1631 and who is first of the 
American lineage. His son 

(II) John, born in Lynn, 1632, mar- 
ried Hannah, daughter of Captain John 
Seaman. He had 

(III) John, born in Hempstead, Long 
Island, 1656, who by wife Mary, daughter 
of Simon and Mary Cooper, had 

(IV) William, born in Jamaica, Long 



Island, in 1680, who by wife, Ann Den- 
ton, had 

(V) Elijah, born in Jamaica, in 1705, 
who by wife, Elizabeth Bloodgood, had 
sons Elijah, William, Joshua, Jonathon, 
Daniel, Nathaniel, Thomas, Caleb and 
Jehiel. Elijah (V) served in the French 
and Indian War in Northern New York 
and at its close removed with his family 
to Monmouth county. New Jersey, where 
was born, April 21, 1768. 

(VI) Jehiel, who came with other 
colonists to Western Pennsylvania in 
1784, where he settled in what is now 
Washington county, and later in life ac- 
quired by patent from the Common- 
wealth a large tract of land, some of 
which has remained in the family name 
to the present time (1915). Four of his 
older brothers, Elijah, Nathaniel, Daniel 
and Thomas, served in the patriot army 
during the Revolution in the famous First 
Batallion of the First Regiment of the 
Continental Line of New Jersey, all 
credited to the quota of Monmouth 
county. Another brother, Jonathan, was 
in the First Regiment of the New York 
Continental Line and was killed at the 
battle of Long Island. 

In 1795, Jehiel married Margaret Near- 
ing, of Washington county, Pennsyl- 
vania. He had sons Elijah, Daniel, Jona- 
thon, Joseph, Enoch and William Cooper. 
In the latter part of his life, he moved to 
Jefferson county, Ohio, where he acquir- 
ed other lands and died in 1855. 

(VII) Elijah, eldest son of Jehiel andl 
Margaret (Nearing) Carman, was born 
in what is now Independence township, 
Washington county, Pennsylvania, Oc- 
tober 20, 1797, where he lived during I 
practically all of his lifetime of ninety 
years. He married Eleanor, daughter of 
William and Margaret Richardson, also] 
of Washington county, Pennsylvania. 
He left surviving, sons William, Jona- ] 



2458 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



thon, Jehiel and Louis Wetzel, and four 
daughters. 

(VIII) Louis Wetzel, youngest son of 
Elijah and Eleanor (Richardson) Car- 
man, was born in what is now Inde- 
pendence township, Washington county, 
Pennsylvania, August ii, 1841. On 
April 4, 1872, he married Rebecca J. 
(born March 15, 1850), daughter of John 
and Elizabeth Buckey, of Brooke county. 
West Virginia. To this union eight chil- 
dren were born, two of whom died in 
early youth and six of whom survive 
(1915), namely : Maude C, wife of Rev. R. 
W. Adair, of the Minnesota M. E. Confer- 
ence; Nellie C, wife of Prof. Frank W. 
Rineohl, of Larimore, North Dakota ; 
Charles Strickler, of Chicago, Illinois ; 
Ernest Clark, of the Minneapolis (Min- 
nesota) bar ; Carl Buckey, of East Liver- 
pool, Ohio ; and the subject of this 
sketch. Mrs. Carman died January 2, 
1889, and Mr. Carman (Louis W.) now 
resides with his daughter, Mrs. Rineohl. 

(IX) Earle Park, son of Louis W. and 
Rebecca (Buckey) Carman, was born 
in Independence township, Washington 
county, Pennsylvania, March 28, 1880. 

Ancestral History and Records. 

The above chart, down to the Penn- 
sylvania line, is taken from "American 
Families of Historic Lineage, Long 
Island Edition," published in 1915 by the 
National Americana Society (New York), 
and from the genealogical records of the 
Long Island Historical Society, Brook- 
lyn, New York, and the Public Library of 
New York City. In the first mentioned 
work numerous records and authorities 
are cited and in it appears ancestral his- 
tory from which the following is taken : 

In the lists of names of persons entered 
in Domesday Book, "holding lands in the 
time of King Edward the Confessor" (A. 
D. 1041-64) we find a John Seaman and a 
John Carman, living in the County of 



Surrey, where the respective families 
were "possessed of domains, manors, and 
others of forms of properties of that time" 
(1042) and with this year the authentic 
records and tracings of these families be- 
gin. There is no mention of either name 
in the Domesday records of any of the 
other counties embraced therein. Both 
names, however, appear much earlier in 
the annals of Britain. Carman is in the 
genealogies of the Bishops of Mercia, 
670-796, and is mentioned by Bede, the 
first historian of England. It is also 
found in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles in 
the time of Alfred the Great, 871-901. 
Seaman also appears in these early rec- 
ords. These data bring both names very 
near to the beginnings of Saxon rule in 
England in the fifth century, and also 
indicate that both families must have 
been of the leading and influential fam- 
ilies for some time prior to 1042, as also 
in 1085-86, the years in which the Domes- 
day Book census was taken, by order of 
William the Conqueror. This precious 
historical document, or census, is still 
preserved in the British Museum. That 
both families were of consequence is also 
shown by the Domesday entries, "John" 
Carman and "John" Seaman — both hav- 
ing a first or Christian name in the time 
of the Confessor (1042) and which was 
something very unusual at this period. 
"It is impossible," says Arthur ("Christ- 
ian and Family Names, Their Origins 
and Meanings") "to state at what precise 
period names became stationary, or began 
to descend hereditarily in baptismal 
form." According to Camden, Sur (or 
Sir) names with a first of Christian name 
prefix began to be taken up in France 
just before A. D. 1000 and in England 
just before the beginning of the reign of 
the Confessor, A. D. 1042. 

In the Domesday Records of 1085-86 
both are entered as "holding lordships in 



PA-Vol vn-16 



2459 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Surrey in 1042" and this seems to imply 
that the John Seaman and the John Car- 
man of 1085-86 were the same individuals 
of record in 1042. Neither of the names 
appear in the Domesday records of any of 
the other counties. In 1096 we find a 
John Seaman and a John Carman in tlie 
list of "Sir Knyghtes Crusaders" of "the 
First Holie War," and as neither name is 
found in the records of any county but 
Surrey we are justified in assuming these 
as descendants of the Carman and Sea- 
man holding lordships 1085-86 and 1042. 

In the thirteenth century we find the 
main or parent line of Carmans in the 
second historic census of England in the 
time of Edward the First — the Rotuli 
Hundredorum, or Hundred Rolls, A. D. 
1273, and recorded as owners of desmes- 
nes, manors and properties at Hemel 
Hempstead. Henry Carman is the re- 
corded owner of these properties and ac- 
cording to the same records his wife was 
Matilda. In the next and following cen- 
turies the Carmans are of record as hold- 
ing the same domains and manors at 
Hemel Hempstead. 

The Hemel Hempstead domains and 
manor of 1273 descended from Henry and 
"Matilda, his wife," from generation to 
generation, from sire to son, and then in 
the fourteenth generation from Henry 
and Matilda, and 333 years from the 
census record of 1273. in the year 1606, 
an event occurred of preeminent interest 
in the annals of the Carman family of this 
country. In this year, 1606, as the official 
records show, there was born in Hemel 
Hempstead, John Carman, the Pilgrim 
Father who came in the ship "Lyon" in 
1631, the Puritan ancestor of the Amer- 
ican family of the name. A year prior 
among those who came in the "Win- 
throp Fleet" was a John Seaman, the 
Captain John Seaman of historic fame, as 
set forth in the history of the Seaman 
family, and with this John Seaman of 



1630 and John Carman of 1631 begins an- 
other series of remarkable coincidences — 
the American series, so to speak. 

The county histories and various refer- 
ence authorities named at the close of 
this chapter contain the more or less ex- 
tended details of the Carman lineage from 
Henry Carman of 1273 and on. 

John Carman, first of the American 
line, died in Hempstead, Long Island, in 
1653. A chair brought by him in the ship 
"Lyon" in 1631 is now in the possession 
of Dr. Albro Carman, of New York City 

(1915)- 

Coat-of-arms — There seems to be some 
doubt as to the exact form of the coat-of- 
arms of the ancient British family, and 
the American descendants differ in opin- 
ion concerning it. The coat-of-arms 
accepted as authentic by Bliss Carman, 
the Canadian poet, and other Canadian 
descendants of John and Florence Car- 
man and some of the present family of 
Long Island, is : A castle surmounting 
a helmet, and with it the motto, Dieu en 
avant (God and forward). This coat-of- 
arms is said to date from the First 
Crusade, A. D. 1096. 



SHOEMAKER, Lazarus D., 

Iiawryer, Financier, Ijegislator, 

Of all the descendants of Hendrick 
Jochemse Schoonmaker, the Dutch 
founder of the Wyoming \"alley Shoe- 
maker family, none more worthily has 
borne the name during the two and a half 
centuries of its American residence than 
Lazarus Denison Shoemaker, eminent 
lawyer, legislator, and Congressman. 
Had he consulted his personal wishes and 
cast aside the call of duty and the solici- 
tation of friends, political and personal, 
"eminent lawyer" only would have sum- 
med up the record of his life, as the pur- 
suits of private life and the practice of his 
profession were his preference and wish. 



2460 




C^ . o^ U^^'y^-Ky~~<_A..^,y>^(X^ 



/<W) 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Happy indeed was it for his party and 
the State that, subjugating personal de- 
sire, he accepted office, as important legis- 
lation received his hearty support and 
better laws for the "impartial selection of 
juries" and an advanced "registry law" 
were placed upon the statute books 
through his valuable aid. He was a 
leader at the Luzerne bar, occupied a 
prominent position in the industrial and 
financial development of the Wyoming 
Valley, and numerous organizations — 
philanthropic, charitable, educational, and 
religious — sprang into being through his 
generosity and planning, or felt the im- 
pulse of his hearty, liberal support. 
There were few interests of the city of 
Wilkes-Barre with which he was not 
identified during the adult portion of his 
years, seventy-four in number, and no 
man in city or valley stood more nobly 
that great test of character, public official 
life and public opinion. His integrity 
was unquestioned, his character spotless, 
and among those who knew him best was 
he most tenderly regarded. 

Mr. Shoemaker was of the sixth Amer- 
ican generation of his branch of the fam- 
ily, and of the fourth generation in the 
Wyoming Valley, his great-grandfather 
Benjamin coming to Pennsylvania in 
1735, settling on the Delaware river at 
what is now Stroudsburg, and to the 
Wyoming Valley in 1763. This Benjamin 
was the son of Jochem Hendrickse, and 
grandson of Hendrick Jochemse Schoon- 
maker, the founder. Both his sire and 
grandsire were prominent in military 
afifairs in New York State, and were con- 
spicuous in the early settlement of the 
Hudson River Valley and of the city of 
Rochester. In deeds for land, Benjamin 
is called Schoonmaker, but his will, writ- 
ten by himself, he signed Benjamin Shoe- 
maker, a form since used by succeeding 
generations. 

Lieutenant Elijah Shoemaker, son of 



Benjamin and grandfather of Lazarus D. 
Shoemaker, was a lieutenant of one of the 
Valley companies, and lost his life in the 
massacre following the battle of Wyomr 
ing, July 3, 1778. Elijah, only child of 
Lieutenant Elijah Shoemaker, was a colo- 
nel of militia, high sheriff of Luzerne 
county, "a strong man physically and 
intellectually." He married Elizabeth S. 
Denison, daughter of Colonel Nathan 
Denison, who commanded one wing of 
the American forces at the battle of Wy- 
oming. The nine children of Sheriff and 
Colonel Elijah Shoemaker were men and 
women of unusual excellence, and several 
of them attained high position in civic, 
professional, and business life. 

Of such strong pioneer blood came 
Lazarus Denison Shoemaker, ninth and 
youngest child of Colonel Elijah and 
Elizabeth (Denison) Shoemaker. He 
was born in Kingston, Pennsylvania, No- 
vember 5, 1819, and died September 9, 
1893. After years of preparation at the 
celebrated Moravian school, Nazareth 
Hall, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, he enter- 
ed Kenyon College (Ohio), going thence 
to Yale College in 1836, and was gradu- 
ated A. B., class of 1840, carrying off class 
honors. All this was but preparatory to 
his real object in life, the practice of law ; 
and immediately after graduation from 
Yale he began study under the preceptor- 
ship of General Edward W. Sturdevant, 
of Wilkes-Barre, a well known member 
of the Luzerne bar. In two years he 
passed the required tests, and in 1842 was 
admitted to practice at the Luzerne 
county bar. He rose rapidly in his pro- 
fession and, save when the duties of the 
offices to which he was elected compelled 
his residence in Harrisburg or Washing- 
ton, was in constant practice in Wilkes- 
Barre until his death, half a century later. 
These were years of great changes, im- 
provement and progress for Wilkes- 
Barre, the Wyoming Valley, and Penn- 



2461 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



sylvania, but Mr. Shoemaker kept pace 
with all advancement, and whether in 
law, politics, or business, was always 
abreast of the leaders. His law practice 
was very large, and in its conduct he dis- 
played wisdom, learning, and skill. No 
good cause ever suffered at his hands, 
and to every client, great or small he gave 
equal service. He was highly esteemed 
by bench and bar, and possessed the ut- 
most confidence of his very large clientele. 
Although eminently the professional 
man, Mr. Shoemaker became intimately 
connected with important business in- 
terests, financial, commercial, and general. 
He was one of the presidents of the Second 
National Bank of Wyoming, and at the 
time of his death a director of that bank, 
president of the Wilkes-Barre Lace 
Manufacturing Company, president of the 
Spring Brook Water Company, president 
of the Forty Fort Cemetery Association, 
director of the Wilkes-Barre Gas Com- 
pany and of the Vulcan Iron Works. 
Other concerns of the valley with which 
he had been officially connected were the 
Wyoming Valley Manufacturing Com- 
pany, the Wyoming Valley Camp Meet- 
ing Association, the Wyoming Insurance 
Company, all of which he served as presi- 
dent, and the Crystal Spring Water Com- 
pany, which he served as director. 

His public service was equally valuable. 
A Republican in politics, he was made the 
nominee of his party for State Senator in 
1866, and was elected in a normally 
Democratic district by a majority of two 
hundred. His service as State Senator 
brought him the honor of a Congressional 
nomination in 1870, and after a hotly con- 
tested campaign he was elected by a ma- 
jority of twelve hundred. In 1872 he was 
reelected, serving two full terms with 
honor to himself and benefit to his dis- 
trict. At the close of his second term and 
the end of the Forty-third Congress, he 



retired to private professional and busi- 
ness life, henceforth holding no public 
office except as a member of the Board of 
Prison Commissioners, an office to which 
he was appointed by the Governor of 
Pennsylvania. 

Notwithstanding the pressing demands 
of public office, profession, and business, 
Mr. Shoemaker took a deep interest in 
various institutions of public character, 
and with purse, advice, and personal 
effort aided them in their work. These 
included the church of his choice, the 
First Methodist Episcopal, of Wilkes- 
Barre, which he served as trustee ; the 
Young Men's Christian Association, the 
Home for Friendless Children, the City 
Hospital, the Home for Friendless 
Women, the Wyoming Camp Meeting 
Association, the Luzerne County Bible 
Society, and others. He was one of the 
proprietors of the Wyoming Valley Cen- 
tennial Celebration of 1878, and one of 
the officers of the Commemorative Asso- 
ciation, an outgrowth of the celebration. 
He was a life member of the Wyoming 
Historical and Geological Society, and 
vice-president, 1890-1893. He was one of 
the organizers of that national society of 
lawyers, the American Bar Association, 
formed at Saratoga, New York, in 1878, 
and also belonged to the State and County 
bar associations. He was a member of 
the Pennsylvania Society, Sons of the 
Revolution, his ancestry, both paternal 
and maternal, entitling him to that honor. 
A life so filled could not fail to be a 
useful one, and in its details shows no 
lack of those attributes held so desirable. 
He played well his part in the drama of 
life and though long gone to the reward 
of the just man, his memory is ever green. 
Mr. Shoemaker married, October 10, 
1848, Esther Waller Wadhams, who died 
August 4, 1889, daughter of Samuel and 
Clorinda Starr (Catlin) Wadhams. The 



2462 




^. ^;y^^ c/a c )^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Wadhams descent is traced from John 
Wadham, from Somersetshire, England, 
who settled in Wethersfield, Connecticut, 
in 1650. The line to Mrs. Shoemaker was 
through John (2) Wadhams ; his son, 
Reverend Noah Wadhams, A. M., Yale, 
1758, a minister of the Congregational 
church who came to the Wyoming Valley 
in 1769 as pastor of the second Connecti- 
cut colony ; his son, Calvin ; his son, 
Samuel, who married, April 7, 1824, Clo- 
rinda Starr Catlin, a descendant of Thom- 
as Catlin, who is recorded in Hartford, 
Connecticut, as early as 1645. 

Children of Lazarus D. and Esther 
Waller (Wadhams) Shoemaker: Clorinda 
Wadhams, deceased, married Irving Ariel 
Stearns ; Samuel Wadhams, died unmar- 
ried, aged twenty-six years ; Stella Mercer, 
died in childhood ; Elizabeth, married 
George L. Dickerman ; Caroline Ives, 
married William George Phelps ; Levi 
Ives, M. D., deceased, of Wilkes-Barre, 
married Cornelia Scranton, of Scranton, 
Pennsylvania ; Jane A., of Wilkes-Barre ; 
Esther Wadhams, married Robert Van 
Arsdale Norris ; Anna Denison, died in 
childhood. 



HOLLENBACK, John W., 

Fnblic-Spirited Citizen, FhilantbTopist. 

Among the many forces that contribute 
to the upbuilding of a city, the most im- 
portant is men. Location advantages, 
soil and climate, exist everywhere, but 
only where broadminded, big-hearted, 
public-spirited men agree to settle, to 
build, and to create, does a prosperous 
city grow. Wilkes-Barre is a man-made 
city, and among the men who have con- 
tributed to her upbuilding, to her insti- 
tutions, and to her fame, John W. Hollen- 
back, the veteran financier, man of affairs, 
and public-spirited citizen deserves promi- 
nent mention. Nor has Wilkes-Barre 



profited solely by his business enterprise. 
His recent gift of Hollenback Park, a 
tract of one hundred acres adjoining the 
city, his interest in the welfare of the 
church, the Young Men's Christian As- 
sociation, and every good cause, all stamp 
him as a public-spirited, progressive and 
valuable citizen. Far beyond the confines 
of his own city his liberal hand has also 
bestowed blessings that will make the path 
of men easier to travel. For fifty years 
he has been a trustee of Lafayette Col- 
lege, and is now the only living member 
of the board elected in 1865. During 
these years his friendship for that college 
has never wavered, and when sometimes 
the way seemed blocked financially, it has 
been his purse that was the first to open. 
There are many such instances that could 
be recorded, as his keen interest and 
knowledge of the needs of the college 
often anticipated the spoken request, his 
gifts being not only large and frequent, 
but most timely. Even this item of his 
work for Lafayette fades away before his 
long term of service in her business in- 
terest, before the sound judgment that he 
freely gave to the college, and the wealth 
of influence exerted in her behalf. In a 
life now extending over a period of 
eighty-eight years, there is nothing but 
satisfaction to be gained by Mr. Hollen- 
back as he reviews his useful years. 

Born Welles, Mr. Hollenback secured 
in 1862 authority to change his name from 
John Reset Welles to John Welles Hol- 
lenback, adding to the paternal surname 
Welles the maternal surname Hollen- 
back, and dropping Roset. 

Mr. Hollenback, on both paternal and 
maternal lines, traces to prominent and 
early colonial families of Pennsylvania 
and New England, the HolHsters, Tal- 
cotts, Holyokes, Pynchons, and Welles, 
all of whom were among the earliest set- 
tlers of the Connecticut Valley. The Hol- 



2463 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



lenback ancestor was George, who came 
from Germany in 1717 and founded a 
family. John, son of George Hollenback, 
took up land in Lebanon county, and his 
son. Colonel Matthias Hollenback, came 
to Wyoming Valley in 1770. He moved 
to Wilkes-Barre in 1774, bought land on 
what is now the west side of the "Square", 
and built a large frame house for store 
and dwelling. He fought all through the 
war of the Revolution, and was at Brandy- 
wine, Princeton, Millstone, and Wyo- 
ming, narrowly escaping massacre. After 
the war he became a prosperous merchant 
and large land owner, was justice of the 
peace, judge of common pleas, associate 
judge for thirty-four years, first treasurer 
of Luzerne county, and burgess of Wilkes- 
Barre, and exerted much influence upon 
the progress and elevation of the country. 
He was a noted friend of public improve- 
ments, provided employment for many 
laborers, furnished supplies to multitudes 
of new settlers, and was a living example 
of industry and economy. His eldest 
daughter by his first wife, Sarah Hibbard, 
was Eleanor Jones Hollenback, who mar- 
ried Charles Fisher Welles, and was the 
mother of John Welles Hollenback, of 
previous and further mention. 

Charles Fisher Welles was for many 
years a prominent figure in Bradford 
county civil and business history. Born 
in Connecticut, he was brought by his 
father to Pennsylvania when nine years 
of age, and from the organization of Brad- 
ford county in 1812 until 1822 he was con- 
stantly in public life as prothonotary, 
clerk of courts, register, and recorder. In 
1822 he removed to Wyalusing, Pennsyl- 
vania, devoting himself to farming and 
the care of his various business interests 
until his death in 1866, aged nearly 
seventy-seven years. He married, August 
15, 1816, Ellen Jones Hollenback, born 
January 21, 1788, died March 14, 1876. 



Charles Fisher Welles was a son of George 
Welles, the pioneer of the Welles family 
in northern Pennsylvania. He was a 
graduate of Yale, A. B. 1799. He was a 
man of strong, upright character, and 
very influential. He married Prudence, 
daughter of Colonel Elizur Talcott. 
George Welles was a descendant of 
Thomas Welles, of Connecticut, a man of 
means and influence. Governor of Con- 
necticut, a leader of the people, a framer 
and administrator of the law, and founder 
of one of the most notable of American 
families. 

John Welles Hollenback was born in 
Wyalusing, Pennsylvania, March 15, 1827, 
son of Charles Fisher and Eleanor Jones 
(Hollenback) Welles. He was educated 
at Athens (Pennsylvania) Academy, and 
on arriving at legal age became manager 
of the paternal estate in Wyalusing, a 
service he performed from 1848 until 1863. 
In 1863 he became a resident of Wilkes- 
Barre, which city has since been his 
home, and where he has become one of 
the leaders in the business world and 
prominent in civil life. On the organiza- 
tion of the People's Bank in 1872, he was 
chosen director, and from that date he has 
been a member of the board, also serving 
as president for many years, still holding 
that honorable position. He was for 
many years president of the Wilkes-Barre 
Bridge Company, is president of the Hol- 
lenback Cemetery Association, director of 
the Title Guaranty and Insurance Com- 
pany of Scranton, director of the Scranton 
Trust Company, an ex-director of the 
Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, of 
New York, president of the Wilkes-Barre 
Lace Company, director of the Sheldon 
Axle Works, director of the Hazard 
Manufacturing Company, and has other 
large property interests, landed and cor- 
porate. In other ways Mr. Hollenback 
has contributed to Wilkes-Barre's pros- 



2464 




/ IA^TVtWa^^) d&vO^»v^A.J\^, 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



perity. He is a director of Harry Hill- 
man Academy, has been a director of 
Wilkes-Barre City Hospital since its 
founding, and is now a member of the 
board of trustees, has been a director of 
the Young Men's Christian Association 
from its beginning, and is an ex-president 
of the association, is a life member of the 
Wyoming Historical and Geological So- 
ciety, was its vice-president in 1875-1878, 
and president 1879-1880, and is vice-presi- 
dent of the Commemorative Association. 

Mr. Hollenback was elected a trustee 
of Lafayette College in 1865, and has been 
a member of the board continuously until 
the present. He served as president of 
the board in 1892, and is the last living 
member of the board as it was constituted 
upon his entrance in 1865. For sixty-six 
years he has been an elder of the Presby- 
terian church, has represented Lacka- 
wanna Presbytery in the General As- 
sembly of the church, and is one of the 
leading laymen of the denomination. In 
politics he is a Republican, having served 
his city six years as common councilman. 
His gift of one hundred acres of land to 
the city to be known as Hollenback Park 
was announced in 1914, and is a noble gift 
to that city's park area. 

Mr. Hollenback married (first) October 
25, 1854, Anna E., daughter of Eli Beard, 
of Brooklyn, New York. He married 
(second) December 13, 1866, Josephine, 
daughter of John Woodward, of New 
York City. He married (third) Amelia 
Beard, sister of his first wife. Three chil- 
dren were borne by each wife : Walter, died 
in childhood; Samuel, died in infancy; 
Emily B., married Dr. Lewis H. Taylor, 
of Wilkes-Barre ; Eleanor J., married 
Murray J. Gibson, of Philadelphia ; Jo- 
sephine W., married Louis V. Twyeffort, 
of Brooklyn, New York; Anna W. ; Julia, 
died in infancy ; Amelia ; and Juliette. 



LEAVENWORTH, Woodward, 

Financier, enterprising Citizen. 

The immigration of the Leavenworth 
family to America from England took 
place between 1664 and 1680. In the 
family in England there were personages 
of consequence, for a coat-of-arms was 
held by them and was preserved by their 
descendants. The founder of the family 
in America was Thomas Leavenworth, of 
Woodbury, in the Connecticut colony. 
He was born in England, and died in 
Woodbury, August 3, 1683, his wife, 
Grace, surviving him. She died, as sup- 
posed, in 1715. The Leavenworth home 
in Woodbury was in the place called Good 
Hill, and there the family lived many 
years, in the west part of the town, not 
far from the Roxbury line. His brother, 
John, also born in England, doubtless 
came with him to America. He settled 
first in Woodbury, and removed thence to 
Stratford, Connecticut, where he died in 
1702, without issue, and probably unmar- 
ried. Thomas Leavenworth and his wife, 
Grace, had children : Thomas, John ; and 
a daughter whose name is unknown. 

Thomas Leavenworth, son of the im- 
migrants Thomas and Grace, was born 
probably in Woodbury, but possibly in 
England. He was a physician, a man evi- 
dently of means and social position, and 
one of the original members of the church 
in Ripton, in the records being mentioned 
as "Deacon". He was of Stratford in 
1695, and was received into the church 
there, 1697-1698. He left a large prop- 
erty, and gave his children the advantages 
of a good education, and all of them be- 
came useful and prominent men and 
women in their walks of life. Dr. Thomas 
married in Stratford, about 1698, Mary 
Jenkins, who died in Ripton, June, 1768, 
daughter of David Jenkins and his wife, 
Grace. Dr. Thomas died in Ripton, Au- 



2465 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



gust 4, 1754. He had children : James, 
David, Ebenezer, John, Zebulon, Mark, 
Thomas, Mary, Hannah, Sarah, Edmund. 

Thomas Leavenworth, son of Dr. 
Thomas Leavenworth and wife, Mary 
Jenkins, was born in Stratford Connecti- 
cut. He received, July 6, 1748, from his 
father, one whole right in commonage 
in Woodbury, and one-third of the re- 
mainder of said rights in commonage with 
£100 (old tenor). In 1727 he was collector 
of rates in Ripton. He was a tanner and 
settled in Woodbury, but failed in lousi- 
ness and went to Wyoming in Pennsyl- 
vania, where he again set up in tanning, 
but was driven out by the Indians in 1778, 
and while within sight of his home he saw 
it in flames. When driven out of the val- 
ley, Thomas Leavenworth with his family 
picked his way as best he could through 
the woods of Pennsylvania, New Jersey 
and New York, living mainly on berries, 
and finally reached friends in Connecticut 
with only the few clothes which they wore. 
Dorman, the youngest child, he led by the 
hand. Asa and others of the older prob- 
ably never went to Pennsylvania. Thom- 
as' failure in early life in Woodbury, and 
the second loss of all his property in the 
Wyoming Valley, was a disheartening 
misfortune, but did not prevent him from 
so raising and educating his children as 
to enable them to attain independent posi- 
tions in society. He returned with his 
family to Oxford, Connecticut, and died 
there after 1795, at the home of his son, 
Gideon, in Hampden. This Thomas mar- 
ried (first) "Betty" Davis, who died April 
24, 1758. He married (second) October 
10, 1758, Rhoda Olds, died in Watertown, 
May I, 1794. Children of both marriages: 
Asa, Triphena, Gideon, Samuel, David, 
Betty, Isaac, Abel, Thomas, Dorman. 

Gideon Leavenworth, third child of 
Thomas and Betty (Davis) Leaven- 
worth, lived in Watertown, and later in 



Hampden, and while young removed to 
the Susquehanna Valley in Pennsylvania. 
He afterward returned to Hampden, re- 
moving thence to New Marlborough, 
Massachusetts, and from there returned to 
Watertown, where he died in the old 
Trumbull house, June 7, 1833. Gideon 
Leavenworth was remarkably familiar 
with the genealogy of his entire family, 
and there was hardly one of its members 
from the time of Dr. Thomas, of Ripton, 
with whose name, residence and business 
he was not familiar. The "Leavenworth 
Genealogy," published in 1873, was a re- 
vision and extension of his own earlier 
work. He was a millwright, and built 
mills in various places in early life. He 
lived in Oxford, Connecticut, in 1808, and 
in 1812 moved to Towanda, Pennsylvania, 
from Shepherd's Brook, in Hampden, 
Connecticut. He married Mary Cole, 
daughter of Thomas Cole, of Watertown, 
and had three children : John, Jared, Mary. 
Jared Leavenworth, second son of 
Gideon Leavenworth and wife, Mary 
Cole, born March 8, 1780, died at Albany, 
New York, May 30, 1829, was at the time 
of his death a resident of Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania. He was a contractor on 
public works, and was prominently identi- 
fied with the construction of the Erie 
canal in New York State, and also with 
the Delaware and Chesapeake canal, the 
latter a Pennsylvania project. He mar- 
ried (first) May 2, 1800, Mary Osborn, 
born New Haven, Connecticut, August 
30, 1782, died Savannah, Georgia, Septem- 
ber 19, 1812. He married (second) Jane 
Strope, born in Wysox, Bradford county, 
Pennsjdvania, February 16, 1792, died at 
Towanda, Pennsylvania, December 31, 
1841, daughter of Sebastian and Lydia 
Van Valkenburg Strope. Their children 
were: Susanna (ist), Susanna (2nd), 
Henrietta, Matilda. Elma Ann, Franklin 
Tared. 



2466 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Franklin Jared Leavenworth, youngest 
child of Jared and Jane (Strope) Leaven- 
worth, was born January 24, 1827. He 
was educated at the old Towanda Acad- 
emy, and came to Wilkes-Barre in 1843. 
He read law with Luther Kidder, Esq., 
and was admitted to the bar January 10, 
1848. He began practice in Wilkes-Barre, 
but at the end of about three years, op- 
portunities offered in other business occu- 
pations which promised more substantial 
reward and led him away from the ranks 
of the law. He became variously in- 
terested in coal, real estate, and mercan- 
tile business, and devoted his attention to 
those and allied pursuits so long as he 
engaged in active operations. In 1853 
he removed to Scranton, and for some 
years was paymaster of the Delaware, 
Lackawanna & Western Railroad Com- 
pany, and superintendent of the Lacka- 
wanna & Bloomsburg railroad. In 1859 he 
went to New York City and was in the ofifice 
of the comptroller and city chamberlain 
until 1863, when he engaged in banking. 
He soon afterward went to Philadelphia, 
and thence in 1865 to Wilkes-Barre, 
where he died August 31, 1909. For 
about thirty-five years he was vestryman 
and treasurer of St. Stephen's Protestant 
Episcopal Church, and long a director 
and vice-president of the People's Bank 
of Wilkes-Barre. 

Franklin J. Leavenworth married (first) 
June I, 1848, Harriet C. Steele, born in 
Hanover, Pennsylvania, March 27, 1827, 
died without issue. July 25, 1849, only 
daughter of George P. Steele (former 
sheriff of Luzerne county. State Senator, 
etc.) and wife, Mary Christman. He mar- 
ried (second) November 6, 1852, Annie 
Woodward, born in Washington county, 
Kentucky, August 5, 1829, daughter of 
the Rev. Enos Woodward and wife. Sarah 
Murphy. He had by his second mar- 
riage : Woodward, Jane, Enos, Franklin, 
Annie. 



Woodward Leavenworth, eldest son 
of Franklin J. and Annie (Woodward) 
Leavenworth, was born in Scranton, 
Pennsylvania, November 22, 1853, died 
at Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, May 26, 
1913. He was educated in the private 
schools of Scranton, Pennsylvania ; Brook- 
lyn, New York; Philadelphia, and Wilkes- 
Barre. At fourteen years of age he en- 
tered the First National Bank of Scranton 
to learn the banking business, remaining 
two years and holding various positions, 
then entered the Second National Bank 
of Wilkes-Barre as assistant cashier, and 
two years later engaged with his father in 
the coal and real estate business for one 
year, after which he was employed as 
confidential clerk with Conyngham & 
Company, shippers of coal, remaining as 
such for two years. When Charles Par- 
rish formed the Lehigh & Wilkes-Barre 
Coal Company he took charge of the real 
estate department and was private sec- 
retary to Mr. Parrish, and during his 
connection with this company was also 
treasurer and secretary of the Hazard 
Manufacturing Company, which latter 
positions he held sixteen years. This com- 
pany was then located at Mauch Chunk, 
but later removed to Wilkes-Barre. In 
company with William H. and John N. 
Conyngham, sons of William L .Conyng- 
ham, he formed the Pennsylvania Supply 
Company, Mr. Leavenworth being the 
senior partner, and this connection con- 
tinued until February 29, 1904. 

He assisted in forming the Red Ash 
Coal Company, organized in July, 1881, 
in which he was a director; he also 
served as secretary, later secretary and 
treasurer, and upon the death of George 
H. Parrish, December, 1898, was elected 
vice-president, and upon the death of M. 
B. Williams, October, 1903, was elected 
president, which position he held until his 
death. He was a director of the Wilkes- 
Barre Drnosit and '^avingfs Bank since 



2467 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1887, and was formerly a director of the 
Anthracite Savings Bank. In December, 
1903, he was elected vice-president of the 
Wilkes-Barre Deposit and Savings Bank, 
and on March 12, 1909, its president. In 
addition to his other large business in- 
terests, he managed a number of estates 
of which he was trustee. 

He was one of the most eminent Free 
Masons of Pennsylvania, taking a deep 
interest in all branches of the order. As 
a member of the committee appointed to 
devise plans for the building of Irem 
Temple, the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, 
came into possession of their beautiful 
Wilkes-Barre home. He held the thirty- 
two degrees of the Ancient Accepted 
Scottish Rite, and had been selected to re- 
ceive the thirty-third and highest Ameri- 
can degree of the order, but it had not 
been conferred. He was treasurer of the 
Wyoming Valley Homoeopathic Hospi- 
tal, a life member of the Wyoming His- 
torical and Geological Society, and mem- 
ber of the Westmoreland and the Wyo- 
ming Valley Country clubs. 

Though essentially a business man, the 
sympathies of Woodward Leavenworth 
were wide and deep, and the call of the 
needy especially appealed to him with great 
force. An instance of this was the annual 
dinner which for man}' years he gave to 
the newsboys of Wilkes-Barre. An index 
to his character may also be found in a 
fact concerning that dinner. So quietly 
did he move in its giving that it was 
several years before the boys knew to 
whom they were indebted for their feast. 
In the resolutions hereafter of record in 
this tribute to the memory of a good man, 
is shown the appreciation in which he was 
held by another band of devoted workers, 
the Young Men's Christian Association. 
In similar resolutions, his associates on 
the board of directors of the Wilkes-Barre 
Deposit and Savings Bank testify to the 



loving esteem in which they held their 
associate. In the Young Men's Christian 
Association building in Wilkes-Barre, Mr. 
Leavenworth placed the swimming pool 
as a memorial to his son, Woodward, Jr., 
a promising youth of fifteen when taken 
away, and the father's interest in the 
Boys' Department of the association ever 
continued without abatement. 

Mr. Leavenworth married March 13, 
1878. Miss Ida Cornelia Miller, daughter 
of Garrick Mallery and Jane Wilcox 
(Stark) Miller, of Lackawanna county, 
Pennsylvania. They had three chil- 
dren: I. Alice, married Frederick Perry 
Boynton, of Highland Park, Illinois ; and 
had Elizabeth Watson, Helen Leaven- 
worth, Woodward Leavenworth, Fred- 
erick Perry, and Mallery Miller. 2. Helen 
Louise, a graduate of Vassar College, and 
now wife of Benjamin C. Sloat, of New 
York City. 3. Woodward, Jr., born Feb- 
ruary I, 1890, died February 7, 1905. 

The following resolution was adopted 
by the Young Men's Christian Associ- 
ation of Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, in 
memory of Mr. Woodward Leavenworth, 
1913: 

The Board of Directors of the Young Men's 
Christian Association of Wilkes-Barre wish to 
record their deep appreciation of the devoted 
services of their late "Associate," Woodward 
Leavenworth. Mr. Leavenworth became a mem- 
ber of the board January, 1909, and continued as 
such until he was taken from us. During this long 
period of service he worked zealously in the up- 
building of the work. Engrossed as he was with 
many interests and responsibilities, he never for- 
got his obligation to his association, filled with 
deep religious conviction. He was a man of high 
ideals, wise and sympathetic and practical, his 
counsel was of very great value in all the under- 
takings of the association. He took especial inter- 
est in the Boys' Work, assisting in the planning of 
the new building and in the details of the separate 
work that had to be organized in connection with 
this branch of the association. As a friend and 
counsellor we will miss him greatly and desire to 
express to bis wife and children our personal 



2468 




^^ I. (fjw^^JTvJL^- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



grief over the loss we have sustained. He left a 
name that is synonymous with honor and integrity 
in our community. 

Also the following tribute to his memory 
was unanimously adopted by the officers 
of the Wilkes-Barre Deposit and Savings 
Bank: 

Memorial to be inscribed in the minutes of the 
Board of Directors of Wilkes-Barre Deposit and 
Savings Bank and to be transmitted to the sor- 
rowing family of our late President Woodward 
Leavenworth, who on the twenty-sixth day of 
May, 1913, passed out of this life without preced- 
ing illness and without warning that might have 
prepared those about to be bereaved for the afflic- 
tion of so severe a blow. 

On July 11, 1887, at the comparatively early age of 
thirty-four years, Mr. Leavenworth was elected to 
membership in this board because of the conser- 
vative sound business judgment and broad busi- 
ness experience for which he was then already 
distinguished. On December II, 1903, he was 
elected vice-president, and on March 12, 1909, he 
became president. Correct in his standard of 
commercial honor, firm of purpose and courteous 
in method, his personality was an efficient force. 
Working successfully to maintain the prosperity 
and progress that had during many years marked 
this Bank's history under the administration of 
his predecessor, inspiring in his associates and co- 
laborers implicit confidence that whatever might 
be intrusted to him for negotiation or perform- 
ance was certain to be done well. Our official 
contact with him also gave frequent opportunity 
to learn and appreciate his exalted character in 
the private relations of life as Husband, Father, 
Citizen and Friend. We are impelled by a sense of 
personal loss, by sympathy in the grief of those 
who were closest and dearest to him, by sincere 
affection and unqualified respect to express and 
record this brief tribute to the memory of Mr. 
Leavenworth. 



SPROUL, William C, 

Man of Diverse Talents. 

While the United States has produced 
a host of versatile men of aflfairs, few have 
attained such remarkable success in so 
many different lines of activity as Wil- 
liam C. Sproul, editor, ironmaster, manu- 



facturer, philanthropist and statesman. 
He springs from Scotch ancestry. Rob- 
ert Sproule, his great-great—great-great- 
grandfather, however, moved to Ireland 
and settled near the village of Castlederg, 
County Tyrone, Ireland, where he died in 
1680, his being the oldest gravestone in 
the cemetery surrounding the Presby- 
terian church in the village. The Ameri- 
can ancestor, Charles Sproul, a farmer of 
County Tyrone, Ireland, came to the 
United States in 1786, bringing a demit 
as a past master of a chapter of Royal 
Arch Masons at Magheracreggan that 
commended him to his brethren of the 
order "around the world." He settled in 
Montgomery county, Pennsylvania, also 
lived in Chester county, and engaged in 
farming and in the operation of small iron 
furnaces or forges. His wife, Margaret 
Nelson, was also a native of County 
Tyrone. 

Their son, James Sproul, born in Cas- 
tlederg, County Tyrone, Ireland, in 1780, 
was brought to Pennsylvania by his par- 
ents in 1786, and died January 7, 1847. 
He obtained a good education, learned all 
his father could teach him of ironmaking 
processes, and became one of the more 
notable of early Pennsylvania iron found- 
ers. He had a chain of three forges and 
a bloomery on the Lancaster county side 
of Octoraro creek, and a large trade in 
finished iron, his principal warehouse 
being in the city of Lancaster. He be- 
came one of the wealthiest men of that 
county, and one of the largest landowners 
in the entire section. His widow Anne, 
daughter of William and Nancy (Dun- 
lap) Johnson, of Steeleville, Chester 
county, survived until December 21, 1889. 
Her dower rights, lasting for nearly 
forty-three years, covered much real 
estate in the two counties of Chester and 
Lancaster, which, with her other prop- 
erty, she handled with rare judgment. 



2469 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



William Hall, son of James Sproul and 
his wife, Anne Johnson, was born at 
Sadsbury Forge, November 6, 1837, and 
was named for William Hall, of Lebanon, 
an ironmaster and associate of his father. 
His early life, after leaving school, was 
spent in Kansas and Pennsylvania until 
1874, when he moved to Negaunee, in the 
upper peninsula of Michigan, where he 
held an executive position with a large 
mining and smelting company. In 1882 
he returned to Pennsylvania and was in- 
terested in the Chester Rolling Mills, until 
his retirement. He married, March 5, 1862, 
Deborah Dickinson Slokom, daughter of 
Samuel and Mary (Walker) Slokom, and 
granddaughter of Thomas and Susan 
(Miller) Slokom. 

The Slokoms were of English Quaker 
descent, as were the Walkers, while the 
Millers were of German origin, the ances- 
tor coming with the Amish emigration of 
about 1728. Samuel Slokom was a banker 
and capitalist, reputed at his death, in 
1889, to have been among the richest men 
in Lancaster county. His wife, Mary 
(Walker) Slokom, died in Chester, April 
20, 1893, aged eighty-seven years and was 
buried in the Friends burying ground at 
Sadsbury beside the unmarked graves of 
her Quaker ancestors and almost within 
sight of where she and her people for 
generations and all her children and 
grandchildren have been born. On the 
Walker side Mr. Sproul is descended 
from Lewis Walker, who settled in Ches- 
ter county in 1682 ; from the Newlins of 
Concord ; the Moores, Jermans, Starrs, 
Dickinsons, Taylors and Mendenhalls. 
Seven of his Colonial ancestors were 
members of the Assembly of Pennsyl- 
vania. 

From such an ancestry came William 
Cameron, youngest of the three sons of 
William Hall and Deborah Dickinson 
(Slokom) Sproul. He was born on the 
farm along the Octoraro, in Colerain 



township, Lancaster county, Pennsyl- 
vania, September 16, 1870, and four years 
later his parents moved to Negaunee, 
Michigan, where his early life was spent. 
Before his sixth birthday he entered a 
private school taught by a young lady, 
Miss Louise N. Mclntyre, who started 
the lad aright and inspired him with his 
first ambition to become a scholar. In 
1881 he entered Negaunee High School, 
being then eleven years of age ; a year 
later the family returned to Pennsylvania, 
settling in Christiana, where he spent a 
winter in the high school. In March, 
1883, they moved to Chester, where he 
finished his high school course and was 
graduated from the Chester High School 
in the class of 1887, with a teacher's 
diploma. In the fall of 1887 he entered 
Swarthmore College, where he spent four 
years. He took the full scientific course ; 
was editor of the "Swarthmore Phoenix;" 
editor of the "Halcyon," the college 
annual ; was member and manager of the 
football team ; president of the Eunomian 
Literary Society ; a charter member of 
the Swarthmore Chapter, Phi Kappa Psi ; 
winner of one of the college oratorial 
prizes, and a participant in all student 
movements. He was graduated with the 
degree of Bachelor of Science, 1891, and 
with his kinsman, E. Lawrence Fell, soon 
after bought an interest in the Franklin 
Printing Company, an old-established 
Philadelphia house. But his pencliant 
was for journalism and in March, 1892, 
he acquired a one-half interest in the 
"Chester Times," the leading daily news- 
paper of Delaware county. This was the 
culmination of an ambition that had beset 
him from the age of ten years, when with 
a schoolmate, Fred Dougherty, in Negau- 
nee, he invested in a small printing out- 
fit, set the type, edited and printed a 
monthly journal, "The Amateur," with 
sixteen pages the size of a postal-card. 
But "The Amateur" made money, and 



2470 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Mr. Sproul yet remembers with what 
pride the young owners found they had 
earned a profit of ten dollars, during their 
first six months. Later in Chester in 
1883 and 1884 he published "The Sun," 
an amateur paper, and became a member 
of the Pennsylvania Amateur Press Asso- 
ciation. In 1884, while yet in high school, 
he began to do work for the "Chester 
Times," and attracted the attention of 
John A. Wallace, the owner, who decided 
he was worthy of encouragement, and 
offered to compensate him for work done 
after school and evenings. The lad 
thought twenty-five cents per day fair 
pay, and he began work in earnest at that 
rate. In the following year he became 
Chester correspondent of the "Philadel- 
phia Press," under Mr. R. E. A. Dorr, 
then news editor. Mr. Dorr loved to tell 
in the latter years how in 1885 he sent 
for his Chester correspondent to give him 
some instructions, and of his surprise to 
see a fifteen-year-old boy come to the 
office in answer to his summons. He kept 
up his newspaper work while at Swarth- 
more, and in addition to the college pub- 
lication conducted general college depart- 
ments in several metropolitan journals, 
earning considerable money in that way. 
When at last his hopes were realized and 
he was half owner of "The Times" and 
began his partnership with his early 
friend and employer, John A. Wallace, he 
threw his whole soul and energy into the 
work, learned the business thoroughly, 
and developed into a forceful writer, as 
well as a capable business manager. In 
1895 he had acquired such a reputation in 
business circles that he was elected a 
director of the First National Bank of 
Chester, and in 1898 was elected vice- 
president of the Delaware River Iron 
Shipbuilding and Engine Works (for- 
merly Roach's shipyard). In 1899 he re- 
signed and at once began the organiza- 



tion of the Seaboard Steel Casting Com- 
pany, incorporated with $500,000 capital. 
Mr. Sproul was elected president of the 
corporation, and on December 31, 1900, 
the last day of the nineteenth century, the 
first heat was poured from the furnaces 
of the extensive plant erected at the foot 
of Jeffrey street, Chester. Thus he fol- 
lowed in the iron business which had 
been the leaning of the Sprouls for five 
generations. This has been a most suc- 
cessful enterprise under the direction of 
Mr. Sproul and his elder brother, S. 
Everett Sproul, and one of great value to 
the city of Chester. But not even the 
field of journalism or of steel manufac- 
ture was sufficiently large to satisfy his 
energy. 

He became interested in lumber, coal, 
railroad and banking companies and in 
shipping. In 1900 he with others organ- 
ized the Chester Shipping Company, with 
a line of steamers on the Delaware River, 
becoming president of the corporation. 
Other Chester companies in which he is 
officially interested are the Delaware 
County Trust Company and the Dela- 
ware County National Bank, holding 
directorships in both these financial insti- 
tutions. His lumber, timber, coal and 
railroad interests are largely in the State 
of West Virginia. He was president of 
the Coal River railway until its sale to 
the Chesapeake & Ohio railway; of the 
Ohio Valley Electric Railway Company 
of West Virginia, Kentucky and Ohio ; 
and managed, until he disposed of them, 
the Kanawha Valley Traction Company; 
the Charleston & South Side Bridge Com- 
pany and the Coal River Land Company ; 
the Kanawha Bridge and Terminal Com- 
pany ; the Seaboard Fuel Company. In 
addition to the banks already mentioned 
Mr. Sproul is director of the Commercial 
Trust Company, one of the large institu- 
tions of Philadelphia. In 191 1, in con- 



2471 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



junction with W. A. Stanton, Mr. Sproul 
org-anized the General Refractories Com- 
pany, which now has more than four mil- 
lion dollars of capital invested in fire 
brick plants in Pennsylvania and Ken- 
tucky. He is president of this company, 
and is also president of the Lebanon Val- 
ley Iron and Steel Company of Lebanon 
and Duncannon, Pennsylvania. In 1916 
he purchased the old-established eng-i- 
neering works of Robert Wetherill & 
Company, Incorporated, at Chester, and 
soon afterward sold this plant and a large 
tract of land which he owned nearby on 
the river front to the Sun Shipbuilding 
Company, which is constructing there 
one of the largest shipyards in America. 
Mr. Sproul is a director in the Sun Ship- 
building Company and is chairman of the 
Penn Seaboard Steel Corporation, a com- 
bination into which the Seaboard Steel 
Casting Company has been merged. He 
IS president of the Lackawanna & Wyo- 
mmg Valley Railroad Company, and of 
the Scranton & Wilkes-Barre Traction 
Corporation. He is a director in the Phil- 
adelphia, Baltimore & Washington rail- 
road and in the Valley railways. This 
does not by any means cover the field of 
Mr. Sproul's business operations, but 
only the most important, and would seem 
to be of sufificient magnitude to employ 
the time of even the most energetic man. 
But not Mr. Sproul. There is another 
field which few business m.en, except 
those either retired or directly descended 
from statesmen of note, ever enter — the 
field of politics. Even before Mr. Sproul 
was of age he was an active political 
worker and a strong partisan. After be- 
coming part owner of "The Times" he 
became well known as a rising man, and 
coincident with his advent into the busi- 
ness world was his entrance into official 
political life. In March, 1896, he was 
nominated by the Republican convention 



for the office of State Senator to succeed 
Jesse M. Baker, and was elected the fol- 
lowing November by a majority of almost 
ten thousand votes. By a strange coinci- 
dence Mr. Sproul's great-great-great- 
grandfather, Nathaniel Newlin, was the 
second Senator from Delaware county, 
having been elected in 1794, just one hun- 
dred and two years before his descendant 
was chosen for the same seat. He was 
then just past twenty-five years of age, 
the constitutional age limit for Senators, 
and for six years was the youngest man 
in the State Senate. Notwithstanding his 
youth and his pronounced independence, 
he was assigned to important committees 
and became prominent in connection with 
notable legislation. In 1900 he was re- 
nominated and elected without serious 
opposition. In the session of 1891 he was 
strongly opposed to the so-called "ripper" 
bills for changing the form of govern- 
ment of cities, and, although closely affili- 
ated with the regular Republican State 
organization, strenuously labored to de- 
feat the Pittsburgh "ripper," which was 
the political sensation of that session. In 
1903 Senator Sproul, after a careful study 
of the question of road improvement, 
drafted the general plan of State aid in 
highway construction, which combined 
with some features of a bill introduced by 
the late Senator Roberts, of Montgomery 
county, was passed during the session of 
1903. This bill forms the beginning of 
the highway improvement movement that 
has converted many of the hitherto infer- 
ior roads of Pennsylvania into splendid 
modern avenues of travel, and is constant- 
ly spreading until the cause of "Good 
Roads" has become the most vital and 
important of all State improvements. He 
has followed up the subject and in 1909 
and 1913 fathered the "Sproul Road Bills" 
which created the system of State High- 
ways. In 1903 Senator Sproul was the 



2472 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



unanimous choice of the Republican 
members of the Senate for president of 
that body and was elected by the party 
vote. He was reelected to the Senate in 
1904, and, in 1905 was again chosen presi- 
dent of the Senate by his party associates. 
He is the author of bills calling upon 
Congress to consider uniform divorce 
laws and of other measures ; also has 
served upon several State commissions 
and has rendered his State valuable serv- 
ice in his efforts in behalf of public char- 
ities and philanthropies. Mr. Sproul has 
been reelected to the seat in the Senate 
in 1908 and 1912, and at this writing, in 
1916, is the nominee of his party for a 
sixth term, being by far the oldest mem- 
ber of the Senate in point of service. The 
campaign of 1912 was a memorable one, 
Mr. Sproul being opposed by both Demo- 
cratic and Progressive nominees. Despite 
the Roosevelt landslide of that year he 
was successful with a clear majority over 
both his opponents combined. In 1916 
he represented his district in the Repub- 
lican National Convention. In 1913 Sen- 
ator Sproul drew the bill providing for 
the creation of the Pennsylvania Histor- 
ical Commission, and was appointed by 
Governor Tener a member of that body. 
He has been its chairman ever since its 
organization and has been very active in 
the work which it has done. He is a 
member of the board of managers of 
Swarthmore College, his alma mater, and 
in 1903 was elected president of the 
Alumni Association. In March, 1907, he 
presented the college with funds sufficient 
to equip the observatory with one of the 
largest and most powerful telescopes in 
the whole world. In 1912, at the celebra- 
tion of the one hundred and twenty-fifth 
anniversary of Franklin and Marshall 
College, at Lancaster, Senator Sproul was 
given the honorary degree of Doctor of 

2473 



Laws. He is a trustee of the Pennsyl- 
vania Training School for Feeble Minded 
Children, at Elwyn, and is most liberal in 
his private philanthropies. His frater- 
nities are the Masonic orders ; the Elks ; 
Patrons of Husbandry ; Phi Kappa Psi 
and the Book and Key, the two latter 
college fraternities. He is also an honor- 
ary member of the Phi Beta Kappa Soci- 
ety of the University of Pennsylvania. 
His clubs are: Union League, the Phil- 
adelphia, Corinthian Yacht, Pen and 
Pencil, Clover and Bachelors Barge, of 
Philadelphia ; Manhattan and India 
House, of New York; Penn, of Chester; 
Harrisburg ; Rose Tree Fox Hunting and 
Springhaven Country, also numerous 
political organizations. He is much inter- 
ested in the Union League, of Philadel- 
phia, and for eight years has been a mem- 
ber of the board of directors of that or- 
ganization, and for four years a vice- 
president. Mr. Sproul is fond of open-air 
sport, especially with rod, line and gun. 
He is also fond of travel and has travelled 
widely for a man whose life has been so 
occupied. In religious faith he is a mem- 
ber of the Society of Friends. He mar- 
ried, January 21, 1892, Emeline, daugh- 
ter of John B. Roach, the noted ship- 
builder of Chester and his wife, Mary 
Caroline Wallace. Children: Dorothy, 
who married, October 7, 1914, Henry J. 
Klaer, and John Roach Sproul. The fam- 
ily residence is "Lapidea Manor," a 
historic and beautiful mansion in Nether 
Providence, just beyond the Chester city 
limits. This place is one of the most 
notable in a section filled with imposing 
homes. The house contains a famous col- 
lection of art objects, an extensive library 
and many historic articles which are wide- 
ly noted. "Lapidea Manor" comprises 
nearly two hundred acres of land, one of 
the largest tracts in the lower end of 
Delaware county. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



GARRISON, Abraham, 

Manufacturer, Financier. 

The industry which gfave to Pittsburgh 
the name of the Iron City was developed 
by men whose Titanic personalities even 
Time itself has failed to obscure. Through 
the mists of years we discern with star- 
tling distinctness the commanding forms 
of these stalwart pioneers — none more 
imposing in its simple grandeur than that 
of the late Abraham Garrison, head of 
the well-known firm of A. Garrison & 
Company, owners of the famous old Pitts- 
burgh foundry. For nearly seventy years 
Mr. Garrison was a resident of the city 
whose prestige he did so much to create, 
and during that long period he labored 
with unswerving loyalty for the upbuild- 
ing and maintenance of her best and most 
essential interests. 

The Garrison family was of English 
origin, and in 1686 a branch was trans- 
planted to what is now Putnam county. 
New York. Garrison's Landing, on the 
Hudson, derived its name from this 
family and was owned by them for many 
generations. Beverly Garrison, great- 
grandfather of Abraham Garrison, was 
the first to develop the famous Forest of 
Dean iron mine in New York State. 

Oliver Garrison, grandson of Beverly 
Garrison, had property on the Hudson 
near West Point, and was the owner and 
captain of a sloop which ran between 
Albany and New York. He married 
Catharine Kingsland, whose ancestors 
were among the first English settlers of 
New Jersey. Mr. and Mrs. Garrison were 
the parents of five sons : Abraham, men- 
tioned below; Oliver, Daniel R., and 
Isaac L., all of whom settled in St. Louis ; 
and the late Commodore C. K. Garrison, 
of New York City. 

Abraham, son of Oliver and Catharine 
(Kingsland) Garrison, was born March 4, 



1804, near the Hudson river, below New- 
burgh, Orange county. New York, and 
one of his earliest recollections was that 
of being taken in August, 1807, to see 
Fulton's first steamboat on her initial 
trip to Albany. This was but the first 
occasion of the kind with which Mr. Gar- 
rison was destined to be identified. In 
1831 he was present at the opening of 
the first railroad from Albany to Schenec- 
tady, and in 1846, soon after Congress 
appropriated $25,000 to enable the inven- 
tor Morse to construct his line of tele- 
graph from Washington to Baltimore Mr. 
Garrison, in association with the late 
Thomas Bakewell and John Anderson, 
was appointed to go to Washington on 
public business, and his name and those 
of his companions were among the first 
transmitted over the new telegraph line, 
then regarded as the eighth wonder of the 
world. 

From the age of fourteen. Mr. Garrison 
assisted his father in the navigation of the 
sloop "Hudson," of which the latter was 
owner and captain. Before his twenty- 
first birthday the son had become the 
commander of the vessel, but on attaining 
his majority he relinquished his position 
and engaged in the grocery business in 
New York City, but only for one year. 
In 1826 he removed to Pittsburgh and 
became clerk in the office of Kingsland, 
Lightner & Company, then the proprie- 
tors of the Jackson and Eagle foundries, 
the senior partner of the firm being his 
maternal uncle. In 1829, having formed 
a resolution to learn the foundry busi- 
ness, he entered the service of Howard, 
Nott & Company, iron founders of Al- 
bany, New York. That he was a man 
born to his task the sequel proved. In 
1830 he returned to Pittsburgh as fore- 
man of the business of Kingsland, Light- 
ner & Cuddy, then owners of the Pitts- 
burgh foundry. In 1836 he and his late 



2474 



■7$^^^,M%^ 




ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



partner, H. L. Bollman, obtained an in- 
terest in the business, and in January, 
1840, Kingsland & Lightner disposed of 
their shares in the Pittsburgh foundry to 
the firm of Bollman & Garrison. As an 
instance of Mr. Garrison's thoroughness, 
accuracy and attention to detail it may be 
mentioned that, for at least sixty years, 
he kept a record of the price of pig-iron 
in the Pittsburgh market and for fifty 
years purchased the metal used at the 
foundry. 

From 1840 to i860 Mr. Garrison be- 
stowed on the practical part of the busi- 
ness the closest attention and achieved 
the distinction of being the first American 
whose untiring efforts resulted in the 
manufacture of chilled rolls equal in ex- 
cellence to those of foreign make. He 
drove foreign chilled rolls out of the mar- 
ket, and established the chilled roll in- 
dustry on a firm footing in the United 
States. 

The foundry of which Mr. Garrison was 
then one of the proprietors was the first 
iron foundry in Pittsburgh, and probably 
the first west of the Allegheny mountains. 
It was built in 1803, and in it were cast 
the cannon balls used by General Jackson 
on the memorable eighth of January, 
1815, also the projectiles shipped to Com- 
modore Perry on Lake Erie. To-day this 
foundry furnishes chilled rolls to upward 
of three hundred and fifty mills in the 
United States, from Maine to California 
and from Canada to the Gulf States. At 
various times, rolls have been sent to 
England, France, Belgium, Russia and 
Mexico. In 1842 Mr. Garrison first began 
to furnish the sheet brass rolls of the 
Naugatuck valley, in Connecticut, with 
chilled rolls, they having prior to that 
time been imported from England. 

Throughout Mr. Garrison's business 
career, capable management, unfaltering 
enterprise and a spirit of justice were well 



balanced factors. To his associates he 
showed a genial, kindly, humorous side of 
his character which made their business 
relations most enjoyable, and never did 
he fall in to the serious error of regarding 
his employes merely as parts of a great 
machine, but, on the contrary, recognized 
their individuality, making it a rule that 
faithful and efficient service should be 
promptly rewarded with promotion as 
opportunity offered. Born to command, 
wise to plan, he was quick in action and 
capable of prolonged labor, with the 
power of close concentration. To a man 
of his stamp, work was happiness. De- 
siring success and rejoicing in the benefits 
and opportunities which wealth brings, 
he was too broad-minded a man to rate it 
above its true value, and in all his mam- 
moth business undertakings he found that 
enjoyment which comes in mastering a 
situation — the joy of doing what he under- 
took. Capable of managing great com- 
mercial and industrial concerns and of 
conducting business on terms fair alike to 
employer and employed, he was a type of 
man whom the world needs. 

As a citizen with exalted ideas of good 
government and civic virtue, Mr. Garri- 
son stood in the front rank, demonstrat- 
ing his public spirit by actual achieve- 
ments which increased the prosperity and 
wealth of the community. Almost to the 
close of his life he was president of the 
Diamond National Bank, the Safe Deposit 
Company and the Birmingham Bridge 
Company, and he was also a director in a 
number of other institutions. To what- 
ever he undertook he gave his whole soul, 
allowing none of the many interests in- 
trusted to his care to suffer for want of 
close and able attention and industry. No 
good work done in the name of charity 
or religion sought his cooperation in vain 
and in his work of this character he 
brought to bear the same discrimination 



PEN— Vol VII— 17 



2475 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and thoroughness which were manifest in 
his business life. He was a member and 
one of the founders of St. Andrew's Prot- 
estant Episcopal Church. 

A man of fine personal appearance, his 
strong, resolute, clear-cut face lighted by 
keen blue eyes, Mr. Garrison looked the 
fearless, aggressive, yet wisely conserva- 
tive man of affairs which his whole career 
showed him to be. Possessing generous 
impulses and a chivalrous sense of honor, 
for dissimulation and intrigue he had no 
toleration. The old saying, "His word 
was as good as his bond," was frequently 
quoted as descriptive of his character. 
Ardent in his friendships, he was of a 
genial and sympathetic nature and few 
men have been more sincerely loved and 
honored. 

Mr. Garrison married, August i, 1830, 
Mary, daughter of Samuel Clement, of 
Rensselaerville, New York, and of the 
children born to them the following 
reached maturity : Clementina, widow of 
John Howland Ricketson ; Sarah Ellen ; 
and Mary Catherine, widow of Walter 
Laurie McClintock. Mr. Garrison was 
peculiarly happy in his domestic rela- 
tions and was essentially a home-lover, 
devoted to his family and delighting in 
the exercise of hospitality. 

On May 10, 1894, Mr. Garrison, having 
entered his ninety-first year, passed away, 
"full of years and of honors." Long had 
he stood before the community as an ex- 
ample of every public and private virtue, 
and on his removal from the scenes of his 
activity he left a record which remains as 
an inspiration to those who come after 
him. 

The story of the life of this great- 
brained and large-hearted man is a story 
of ninety-one years of noble living. To 
the service of his beloved city he gave 
nearly threescore years and ten — the tra- 
ditional life-time. And with what result? 



To this question the Pittsburgh of to-day, 
mighty and beautiful, world-famous and 
wonderful, a nation rather than a city, is 
the all-convincing reply. Most truly can 
it be said of Abraham Garrison that his 
works follow him. 



GRIER, Samuel C, 

Man of Affairs, 

Some men there are of natures so large 
and talents so versatile as to render it 
impossible to describe them in a single 
sentence, unless it be this — "He was an 
all-round man." Such a man was the late 
Samuel Campbell Grier, able, aggressive 
business man, astute and brilliant politi- 
cal leader and widely successful man of 
affairs. Mr. Grier was a life-long and 
honored resident of Pittsburgh, conspicu- 
ously identified with all her best and most 
essential interests. 

Samuel Campbell Grier was born March 
II, 1851, in South Canal street, Pitts- 
burgh, and was a son of David A. and 
Mary (Aiken) Grier, the former the pro- 
prietor of a grocery business in Liberty 
avenue. The boy attended the Third 
Ward public school of Allegheny City, 
and early entered into active business life 
in a drygoods store in Lawrenceville. At 
the age of fifteen he was clerk in an Alle- 
gheny coal office, and had not more than 
completed his eighteenth year when he 
engaged in the coal business for himself. 
Wonderful to tell — and yet not wonderful 
when we consider his rare natural endow- 
ments — he succeeded, and for ten years 
the enterprise prospered. 

While still a very young man, Mr. 
Grier began to take an active interest in 
politics, allying himself with the Republi- 
can party. Possessing a high degree of 
public spirit and a rapidity of judgment 
which enabled him, in the midst of in- 
cessant business activity, to give to the 



2476 




l-:r\L-^Z^^^l^^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



affairs of the community effort and 
counsel of genuine value, his penetrating 
thought often added wisdom to public 
movements. In 1879, however, he aban- 
doned business in consequence of his 
election to the office of water assessor of 
the North Side. It was during his in- 
cumbency that he gained his first impor- 
tant political victory, one of the most 
hotly contested of his whole career. 
James Lindsay was a candidate for the 
Select Council of Allegheny (now North 
Side, Pittsburgh), opposing Hugh Flem- 
ing, and so skillfully was the campaign of 
the former managed by Mr. Grier that 
Lindsay was elected on the third ballot. 
In 1885 Mr. Grier resigned the position of 
water assessor in order to become chief 
clerk in the office of the county clerk of 
courts, an office then held by David Mc- 
Gonigle. In 1887 Mr. Grier resigned, 
having been elected delinquent tax col- 
lector of Allegheny. In this position he 
served continuously until the latter part 
of 1901, when he resigned in favor of his 
chief clerk and confidential friend, John 
G. Hastings. He then engaged in the 
brokerage business in partnership with 
his brother-in-law, Chester T. Hoag, and 
in April, 1903, he dissolved the connection 
and devoted himself to his many other 
business interests. 

These were, indeed, numerous. He was 
president of the Park and Falls Street 
Railway Company, of Youngstown, Ohio, 
and organized a company of Allegheny 
men to purchase the line in Youngstown 
and extend it to twelve acres of land on 
the outskirts of the city, which land was 
then converted into a park and summer 
pleasure-ground. Mr. Grier was also 
president of the Columbia Plate Glass 
Company, of the Consolidated Valley 
Water Company of Avalon and Bellevue, 
and of the Pittsburgh Vein Coal Com- 
pany. He was a director of the Second 
National Bank of Allegheny, the National 



Fireproofing Company and the Dollar 
Savings Fund and Trust Company of 
Allegheny. A man of action rather than 
words, he demonstrated his public spirit 
by actual achievements that advanced the 
prosperity and wealth of the community, 
giving, to whatever he undertook, his 
whole soul and allowing none of the many 
interests intrusted to his care to suffer 
for want of close and able attention and 
industry. 

A vigilant and attentive observer of 
men and measures, holding sound opin- 
ions and taking liberal views, Mr. Grier's 
ideas carried weight among those with 
whom he discussed public problems. He 
was one of the conspicuous Quay leaders 
in Allegheny county, constituting, with 
John R. Murphy and Robert McAfee, a 
triumvirate which was regarded as well- 
nigh invincible in the political affairs of 
the county. Born to command and wise 
to plan, Mr. Grier was preeminently a man 
to lean upon — a man upon whom men 
leaned. The most signal recognition of 
his ability and popularity as a political 
leader occurred when Governor William 
A. Stone offered him the position of re- 
corder of Allegheny county. This honor 
Mr. Grier declined. 

Both in private and in public life he 
was ever unostentatiously ready to aid 
the distressed, to watch over the interests 
of the poor and to accord to the laborer 
his hire. In all concerns relative to the 
welfare of Pittsburgh his interest was 
deep and sincere, and during the whole 
period of his public life he presented an 
example of honesty, patriotism, and phil- 
anthropy. He was a director of the Ninth 
Street Bridge Company and a trustee of 
the Allegheny General Hospital. Though 
of a strongly marked social nature, he be- 
longed to no secret orders. He was a 
member of Trinity Protestant Episcopal 
Church. 

Of fine presence and polished manners, 



2477 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Mr. Grier was a man once seen not easily 
forgotten. His genial nature and sunny 
temperament endeared him to all with 
whom he was brought in contact. Pos- 
sessing all the essential qualifications of a 
wise and successful executant, he was 
withal a man of valiant fidelity. Impetu- 
ous and persistent, he was also prudent. 
Broad in his views, buoyant in disposi- 
tion, honest, sincere and self-reliant and 
endowed with an inherent genius for 
leadership, he won a matchless following 
and compelled the unquestioning confi- 
dence of men of afifairs. He was a man 
of whom it might be truly said that he 
was enshrined in the hearts of his fellow- 
citizens. 

Mr. Grier married, June i8, 1895, Har- 
riet, daughter of James and Charlotte 
(Turner) Hoag, of Allegheny, and they 
were the parents of two daughters : Har- 
riet; and Elenor. Mrs. Grier, a thought- 
ful, clever woman of culture and char- 
acter, takes life with a gentle seriousness 
that endears her to those about her. Not 
long before his death Mr. Grier built a 
handsome residence in the East End, and 
he was also the owner of a country home 
in Ohio. Devoted in his family relations, 
sincere and true in his friendships, his 
happiest hours were passed in the home 
circle. 

Suddenly, in the prime of life and in 
full maturity of all his powers, Mr. Grier 
passed away January 3, 1904. Well 
might Pittsburgh mourn his loss. Her 
financial and commercial concerns, her 
educational, political, charitable and re- 
ligious interests had all profited by his 
support and cooperation. Revered by all 
for his sterling qualities of manhood, he 
irradiated the everwidening circle of his 
influence with the brightness of spirit 
that expressed the pure gold of character, 
and won a place that was all his own in 
the hearts of all who knew him. 



Among the many tributes from the 
press was the following, which appeared 
editorially in a Pittsburgh paper: '"The 
shockingly sudden death of Samuel Camp- 
bell Grier will cause wide-spread mourn- 
ing. Mr. Grier's friends are numbered by 
the thousand, none of whom had any 
warning that his illness might terminate 
fatally. Mr. Grier was a high type of the 
self-made man." 

A self-made man indeed ! And not that 
alone. He was one of the "Makers of 
Pittsburgh," and Pittsburgh, his native 
city, to this day holds his name and 
memorv in honor. 



WESTINGHOUSE, Henry H., 

Westinghonse Official, Inventor. 

Pittsburgh is indebted for her greatness 
not only to the men who live within her 
boundaries, but also, in large measure, to 
others whose brains and inventive genius 
reach out from distant cities to build up 
and strengthen the colossal industries 
which have given her her world-renown. 
Prominent among this powerful class of 
non-resident Pittsburghers is Henry Her- 
man Westinghouse, president of the 
Westinghouse Air Brake Company and 
an inventor whose genius has added lustre 
to an already famous name. Mr. West- 
inghouse, while a resident of New York, 
is conspicuously and intimately identified 
with the most vital interests of the Iron 
City. 

The Westinghouse family is of German 
origin, and was planted in Vermont at 
some period prior to the Revolutionary 
War. Those bearing this name have 
always been characterized by great bodily 
vigor, extraordinary mental development 
and remarkable moral power That these 
qualities have been most strikingly mani- 
fested in the later generations of the race 
the world can testify. 



2478 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



George Westinghouse, father of Henry 
Herman Westinghouse, was an inventor, 
and in 1856 settled in Schenectady, New 
York, where he established the Schenec- 
tady Agricultural Works. He married 
Emeline Vedder, whowas descended from 
Dutch-English ancestors who attained 
distinction in art and in educational and 
religious work. Mr. and Mrs. Westing- 
house were the parents of seven sons: 
George, now deceased, whose fame is 
international ; and Henry Herman, men- 
tioned below, were the youngest. Both 
sons inherited the inventive genius of 
their father whom they greatly surpassed. 
Henry Herman, son of George and Em- 
eline (Vedder) Westinghouse, was born 
November 16, 1853, in Central Bridge, 
Schoharie county. New York, and attend- 
ed the schools at Schenectady, afterward 
studying at the Sibley College of Engi- 
neering, Cornell University, Ithaca. He 
early developed the mechanical instincts 
characteristic of his family, and in 1873 
came to Pittsburgh at the invitation of his 
brother, George, to assist in the manage- 
ment of the Westinghouse Air Brake 
Company, with which he has ever since 
been continuously connected. 

An attempt to give, even in the briefest 
manner, a history of the famous Westing- 
house interests would be utterly super- 
I fluous. It is known to the world. The 
[Westinghouse Air Brake Company, which 
[is the parent organization, was organized 
in 1869, ^iid the air brake is now used by 
every railroad of any consequence in 
I every civilized country on the globe. Its 
founder and for many years its president 
was the late George Westinghouse, in- 
ventor of the air brake, and originator of 
the group of powerful corporations of 
which this was the nucleus. A biography 
and portrait of Mr. Westinghouse appear 
elsewhere in this work. For many years 
Henry Herman Westinghouse was first 



vice-president of the Westinghouse Air 
Brake Company, his keen business sense, 
progressive ideas and cool, clear-sighted 
judgment proving of infinite value in its 
management and augmenting in no small 
measure its prosperity and success. 

On October 15, 1914, he was elected to 
succeed his distinguished brother as presi- 
dent of the company. It was felt by all 
that nothing could be more fitting or 
better calculated to insure for the organ- 
ization a future worthy of its past. Mr. 
Westinghouse is also president and direc- 
tor of the Westinghouse Traction Brake 
Company, the American Brake Company, 
the Canadian Westinghouse Company, 
Limited, and the Westinghouse Brake 
Company, of London, England. 

In mechanical matters Mr. Westing- 
house takes high rank. In the late seven- 
ties he invented a high-speed single act- 
ing steam engine for the manufacture and 
sale of which the Westinghouse Machine 
Company was organized in 1880. 

In politics Mr. Westinghouse is a Re- 
publican, but owing to the engrossing 
nature of his business responsibilities has 
never taken an active part in public affairs. 
No measure which, according to his judg- 
ment, tends to promote the betterment of 
conditions in his home city fails to receive 
from him substantial and influential aid 
and encouragement. He was the founder 
and for many years a guiding spirit in the 
management of the engineering corpora- 
tion of Westinghouse, Church, Kerr & 
Company, and he is an active member of 
the Westinghouse Air Brake Veterans' 
Association, identified with the pension 
plan and other sociological features of the 
organization. For Cornell University, his 
alma mater, he has ever borne a loyal 
affection and now occupies a seat on her 
board of trustees. 

The words "quiet force" may be said to 
strike the keynote of Mr. Westinghouse's 



2479 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



character, pervading and influencing the 
action of the attributes which have made 
him what he is. His insight into human 
nature has enabled him to surround him- 
self with associates and subordinates who 
seldom fail to meet his expectations and 
by the latter class he is faithfully served 
and loyally loved. An element which has 
been a potent factor in his success is his 
singularly strong and magnetic person- 
ality which has enabled him to exert a 
wonderful influence on those associated 
with him and to secure their devoted co- 
operation. 

Mr. Westinghouse married, June 20, 
1875, Clara Louise, daughter of George 
and Abigail Saltmarsh, of Ithaca, New 
York, and they were the parents of a 
daughter, Clara C, who became the wife 
of Charles W. Fletcher. Mrs. Westing- 
house is a woman of rare culture, social 
grace and genuine philanthropy — a com- 
bination of qualities which renders her a 
truly ideal helpmate for a man of her 
husband's disposition and temperment, 
one, moreover, who is devoted to the ties 
of family and friendship, regarding them 
as sacred obligations. The home of Mr. 
and Mrs. Westinghouse is in New York 
City, and they have a country residence 
at Kidders, Seneca county. New York. 

Despite the fact that Mr. Westinghouse 
is no longer a resident of Pittsburgh the 
city for which his genius has done so 
much cherishes the belief that she is still 
the home of his heart as she is certainly 
the centre of his successes, and it is in 
connection with Pittsburgh that the name 
of Westinghouse will go down in history. 
Henry Herman Westinghouse, now at 
the zenith of a splendid career, has 
wrought well for his own honor and for 
the industrial dominion of his beloved 
city of Pittsburgh and that of the grand 
old commonwealth of Pennsylvania. 



SIMONTON, Thomas G., 

Physician, Medical Instrnctor. 

Dr. Thomas Grier Simonton, Assistant 
Professor of Clinical Medicine in the Uni- 
versity of Pittsburgh, is one of the lead- 
ing internists in the Iron City. Dr. 
Simonton is well-known as a writer on 
medical subjects and enjoys a wide repu- 
tation as the originator of the anti-cocaine 
crusade in the United States. 

William Simonton, great-grandfather 
of Thomas Grier Simonton, was born about 
1755' i" County Antrim, Ireland, and 
when about ten years old was sent for by 
his uncle, the Reverend John Simonton, 
pastor of the Great Valley Presbyterian 
Church in Chester county, Pennsylvania. 
The Simonton family is of Scottish origin. 
The Reverend Mr. Simonton caused the 
lad, William, to be brought to this coun- 
try, and appears to have given him a good 
education, judging from the fact that the 
youth studied medicine and became a 
highly proficient physician. Between 
July 14, 1777, and January 28, 1778, Dr. 
Simonton went before Justice Joshua 
Elder and took the oath of allegiance to 
the State of Pennsylvania. In 1784 he 
purchased land called "Antigua," in West 
Hanover township, Dauphin (then Lan- 
caster) county, Pennsylvania, and on this 
land he passed the remainder of his life. 
Dr. Simonton married, November 17, 
1777, Jane, born in 1756, daughter of John 
and Elizabeth Wiggins, and they became 
the parents of five sons and three daugh- 
ters. Dr. Simonton died April 24, 1800, 
and his widow passed away in October, 
1824. 

(II) William (2), son of William (i) 
and Jane (Wiggins) Simonton, was born 
in 1788, and studied medicine, graduating 
in 1809 from the Medical School of the 
University of Pennsylvania. He prac- 
ticed his profession in Dauphin county. 



2480 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and also took an active part in public 
affairs, being several times elected con- 
gressman from the district of Dauphin 
and Lebanon counties. He was an elder 
in Derry church. Dr. Simonton married, 
in 1815, Martha, born November 25, 1791, 
in Hanover, Pennsylvania, daughter of 
the Reverend James and Martha (Davis) 
Snodgrass. Mr. Snodgrass was pastor of 
Hanover church. Eleven children were 
born to Dr. and Mrs. Simonton. The 
former passed away May 17, 1846, and 
the death of the latter occurred April 10, 
1862. 

(Ill) Rev. William (3) Simonton, son 
of William (2) and Martha (Snodgrass) 
Simonton, was born September 12, 1820, 
in West Hanover township, Dauphin 
county, and received his preparatory edu- 
cation at Newark Academy, Delaware. 
In 1846 he graduated at Delaware Col- 
lege, and in 1847 entered Princeton Theo- 
logical Seminary, completing his course 
of study in 1850. In 1849 he was licensed 
by the Presbytery of Carlisle, Pennsyl- 
vania, and in September. 1850, took 
charge of the churches of Northumber- 
land and Sunbury, Pennsylvania. At 
the end of four years he was called to 
the pastorate of the First Presbyterian 
Church of Williamsport, Pennsylvania, 
where he remained seventeen years, dur- 
ing which time the congregation was 
greatly increased. He then went to Em- 
mitsburg, Maryland, taking charge not 
only of the congregation at that place, but 
also of those at Piney Creek and Taney- 
town. After ministering seventeen years 
to these three charges, he resigned the 
two last named, but for seven years more 
retained the pastorate of the church at 
Emmitsburg. In 1885 the degree of 
Doctor of Divinity was conferred upon 
him by Delaware College. In October, 
1897, Dr. Simonton retired from the 
active duties of the ministry, taking up 



his abode in Washington, Pennsylvania. 
He married. May 23, 1855, ^t Danville, 
Pennsylvania, Anna Elizabeth, daughter 
of the Rev. Thomas Grier. Mr. Grier 
was a representative of a prominent 
Pennsylvania family. Dr. and Mrs. 
Simonton were the parents of the follow- 
ing children: Mary Alice, wife of the 
Hon. Joseph Buffington, judge of the 
United States Circuit Court, Pittsburgh, 
and mother of a son, Joseph ; Elizabeth, 
wife of James Boyd Neal, M. D., she and 
her husband being now missionaries in 
China ; Sarah Rose Grier, wife of Major 
Elisha Atherton Hancock, of Philadel- 
phia ; Martha Snodgrass, of Pittsburgh ; 
William, died in infancy; and Thomas 
Grier, mentioned below. Dr. Simonton 
died September 21, 1908, at the Thousand 
Islands, New York, the whole period of 
his active ministry having extended from 
September, 1850, to October, 1897 — well- 
nigh a half-century of fruitful and self- 
denying service. 

(IV) Dr. Thomas Grier Simonton, son 
of Rev. William (3) and Anna Elizabeth 
(Grier) Simonton, was born January 30, 
1870, at Williamsport, Pennsylvania, and 
received his rudimentary education in 
private schools of Emmitsburg, Mary- 
land. After a year of preparatory study 
he entered Washington and Jefferson Col- 
lege, graduating in 1892 with the degree 
of Bachelor of Arts. Matriculating in the 
Medical School of the University of 
Pennsylvania, he received from that insti- 
tution, in 1895, the degree of Doctor of 
Medicine. 

Immediately thereafter Dr. Simonton 
came to Pittsburgh, and for a year served 
as interne at the Mercy Hospital. In 
1896 he opened an office and soon suc- 
ceeded in establishing himself as a gen- 
eral practitioner. As time went on, how- 
ever, he turned his attention more and 
more to the subject of internal medicine. 



2481 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and is now widely known as an internist 
in that department of his profession, hav- 
ing a large clientele in the East End. 
For eight years he served on the staff of 
the Passavant Hospital, and he now be- 
longs to the staff of the Children's Hos- 
pital and also to that of St. Francis' Hos- 
pital. Since 191 1 he has been Assistant 
Professor of Clinical Medicine in the 
University of Pittsburgh. 

As a writer on medical subjects Dr. 
Simonton has been accorded widespread 
and favorable recognition, his frequent 
contributions to professional journals 
meeting always with appreciative atten- 
tion. He belongs to the Pittsburgh Acad- 
emy of Medicine, and in 1912 was its 
president. The other professional organ- 
izations in which he is enrolled are the 
American Medical Association, the Penn- 
sylvania State Medical Association, and 
the Allegheny County Medical Society. 
He also belongs to the William Pepper 
Medical Society and the Beta Theta Phi 
fraternity. 

To Dr. Simonton belongs the very 
honorable distinction of having been the 
originator of the anti-cocaine crusade in 
the United States, a movement which 
accomplished much in stopping the pro- 
miscuous use of this drug, thereby con- 
ferring incalculable benefit on the nation 
and, indirectly, on the world at large. 

The political allegiance of Dr. Simon- 
ton is given to the Republican party, but 
beyond bestowing on public affairs the 
amount of attention demanded of every 
good citizen he has never participated in 
the work of the organization. In the 
Masonic fraternity he has attained the 
thirty-second degree, and he also affiliates 
with the Knights Templar, and holds 
membership in the University Club. He 
belongs to the Shady Side United Pres- 
byterian Church. 

Dr. Simonton married, June 26, 191 1, 
Luella, daughter of the late John and 



Maggie (McKelvy) Munhall, of Pitts- 
burgh. Mrs. Simonton, who is a social 
favorite and also identified with various 
clubs and philanthropic movements, is a 
woman fitted to give to her husband in- 
tellectual comradeship and at the same 
time to be the presiding genius of his 
home. 

Dr. Simonton has devoted many years 
to his chosen work of ministering to the 
suffering, and his labors have been largely 
successful, but his initiation of the anti- 
cocaine crusade will ever remain his 
crowning service. In leading the van 
against the perversion of this drug from 
its original beneficent uses he performed 
an act which entitles him to the lasting 
gratitude of every American citizen. 



LLOYD, David M., 

Financier, Enterprising Citizen. 

The name of Lloyd is one which has 
earned favorable commendation for many 
years in the city of Pittsburgh, and of 
David McKinney Lloyd it may truly be 
said that he is the worthy son of a most 
worthy father. Mr. Lloyd holds high 
official position in numerous financial and 
other enterprises. 

David McKinney Lloyd was born in 
Hollidaysburg, Pennsylvania, October 
28, 1852, son of the late Henry and Jane 
F. (McKinney) Lloyd. A biography and 
portrait of Henry Lloyd is to be found 
elsewhere in this work. David McKinney 
Lloyd was three years of age when his 
parents removed to Pittsburgh, and it 
was there that he received his education 
in the public and private schools, and at 
the Western University of Pennsylvania 
(now University of Pittsburgh). Upon 
the completion of his education he entered 
upon his business career by becoming a 
member of the firm of H. Lloyd, Sons & 
Company, of which his father was the 
senior member. They were among the 



2482 



I 




^S70f£^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



most prominent iron manufacturers of 
the country. His health failing in 1875, it 
became advisable that he spend some 
time in complete relaxation. He accord- 
ingly spent three months in England and 
nine months in California, and upon his 
return to Pittsburgh formed a business 
connection with the First National Bank 
at Altoona, Pennsylvania, which was 
only severed by the death of his father 
in 1879, which necessitated his return to 
Pittsburgh, where he acted as adminis- 
trator of his father's estate. After having 
settled these matters, Mr. Lloyd again 
turned his attention to banking interests. 
In 1890 he was elected to the presidency 
of the People's Savings Bank, which he 
holds to the present time. He is also vice- 
president of the Safe Deposit & Trust 
Company ; director in the People's Na- 
tional Bank; trustee of the Pittsburgh 
Branch Guarantee Company of North 
America, and an important stockholder 
in numerous manufacturing and commer- 
cial concerns. 

Mr. Lloyd's character has fitted him to 
assume and bear responsibilities of a 
widely diversified nature, and, like his 
father, he has ever taken a great and 
active interest in all matters relating to 
the cause of religion. He is a trustee and 
was for fifteen years treasurer of the 
Western Theological Seminary ; member 
of the Scientific Society of Western Penn- 
sylvania ; member of the Pittsburgh Art 
Society ; trustee of the Deaf and Dumb 
Institute ; charter member of the board 
of trustees of the Point Breeze Presby- 
terian Church, of which he was one of 
the founders ; and is a member of the 
Duquesne Club, the Pittsburgh Athletic 
Association and other social organiza- 
tions of Pittsburgh. 

Mr. Lloyd married, April 17, 1877, 
Amanda, daughter of Hamilton and 
Mary Elizabeth (Jack) McClintock. 



Hamilton McClintock was one of the 
earliest oil producers of Oil City, Penn- 
sylvania. Children of David McKinney 
and Amanda (McClintock) Lloyd: Mary 
E., wife of James K. McCance, of Pitts- 
burgh ; Jane F. ; and Henry, born Janu- 
ary 8, 1882, educated in Pittsburgh public 
schools, graduate of Shadyside Academy, 
Pittsburgh, and graduate, in 1905, of 
Princeton University. 

W'hile his business affairs naturally 
occupy most of Mr. Lloyd's time, yet his 
interest in his fellow citizens is a gener- 
ous one, and he is ever ready to aid any 
project for the welfare of the community. 
His record worthily supplements that of 
his father. 



WELLER, John S., 

Lawyer, Corporation Official. 

Pittsburgh's supremacy among the 
steel cities of the world is based primar- 
ily upon her superior brain-power, not 
upon her muscle or her coal, and the great 
reservoir of that brain-power has always 
been found in the strength of her bench 
and bar. That strength has steadily 
grown with the lapse of years and among 
those counsellors whose learning and 
ability most worthily maintain, at the 
present day, the prestige of the legal pro- 
fession, is John S. Weller, a leader of the 
bar of the Steel City and ex-State Senator 
from the Thirty-sixth District. Mr. Wel- 
ler has been for nearly thirteen years a 
resident of Pittsburgh and is prominent 
in her legal, financial and political circles. 

John S. Weller was born November i, 
1867, in Somerset county, Pennsylvania, 
and is a son of the late Dr. Frederick S. 
and Mary A. (Hammer) Weller. His 
preparatory education was received in the 
public schools of Bedford county, Penn- 
sylvania, and by private tuition, and later 
he entered the Pennsylvania State Col- 



2483 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



lege, where he graduated as a civil engi- 
neer in the class of 1889. Subsequently 
he was employed on the staff of the 
United States Geodetic Survey, making 
a record which showed that his prospects 
of success as a civil engineer were un- 
commonly brilliant. 

It was, however, to the legal profes- 
sion that Mr. Weller's talents and inclina- 
tions predominantly drew him, and it was 
not long before he began to study in the 
offices of Russell & Longenecker, promi- 
nent attorneys of Bedford county. In 
September, 1891, he was admitted to the 
Bedford county bar and immediately be- 
gan practice, rapidly rising into promi- 
nence as a natural consequence of innate 
ability, thorough equipment and unremit- 
ting devotion to duty. From 1894 to 
1897 he served as district attorney for 
Bedford county, administering the ofifice 
in a manner highly creditable to himself 
and fully satisfactory to all good citizens. 

About this time Mr. Weller entered 
the field of politics, where his ability won 
speedy recognition and soon made him 
a power to be reckoned with. In 1898 he 
was elected to the State Senate for a term 
of four years, representing the Thirty- 
sixth District, and made a most excellent 
record, fully demonstrating his excep- 
tional fitness for public life and his high- 
minded regard for the interests of his con- 
stituents. 

In the autumn of 1901 Mr. Weller re- 
moved to Pittsburgh, where he is a 
member of all courts and has a large 
clientele. He is general counsel for the 
American Reduction Company, the Bene- 
dumrTrees Company, Booth & Flinn, 
Limited, the Clover Leaf Farms Com- 
pany, the Clover Leaf Oil Company, the 
East Wilkinsburg Improvement Com- 
pany, the Freehold Oil & Gas Company, 
the Emerald Coal Company, the Emerald 
Coal & Coke Company, the Interior 
Marble & Tile Company, the Kittanning 



Water Power Company, the Leader Pub- 
lishing Company, the Lee S. Smith & 
Son Manufacturing Company, the Penn 
Fuel Company, the Penn-Mex Fuel Com- 
pany and the Vulcan Motor & Service 
Company, Burton Powder Company. He 
is general counsel and director of the 
Pittsburgh & Allegheny Telephone Com- 
pany and the Pittsburgh Silver Peak Gold 
Mining Company. 

In the business life of the Pittsburgh 
district, Mr. Weller takes a leading part. 
He is secretary and director of the Pitts- 
burgh-Butler Telephone Company and 
director of the Pittsburgh-Johnstown 
Long Distance Telephone Company. In 
the welfare of his home city he manifests 
a public-spirited interest, promoting to 
the utmost of his power, every sugges- 
tion which, in his judgment, tends to 
further that end. He is a member of the 
Pittsburgh City Planning Commission, 
having been appointed in 1912 by Mayor 
William A. Magee. A liberal giver to 
charity, his benefactions are bestowed in 
the quietest manner possible. In politics 
he is and always has been a Republican. 
He affiliates with Hyndman Lodge, Free 
and Accepted Masons, and Bedford Chap- 
ter of Royal Arch Masons, and belongs 
to the Duquesne Club, the Pittsburgh 
Country Club, Oakmont Country Club, 
Pittsburgh Athletic Association and the 
Beta Theta Phi college fraternity. 

In the sphere of his chosen profession 
and in the arena of politics Mr. Weller 
has achieved distinction and been awarded 
honors. The vista of the future is a bright 
one, for with a man of his type one tri- 
umph is but the stepping-stone to another 
and added years mean simply larger 
work and greater attainment. Indications 
are that before many years have elapsed 
the Old Keystone State will call upon i 
John S. Weller to serve her in a position : 
more commanding than any of those i 
which he has yet filled. i 



2484 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



THORP, Charles M., 

Laxryer. 

The history of the bench and bar of 
Pittsburgh had its beginning before the 
American Revolution, and the attorneys 
of her courts have ever stood second to 
none in the United States. The noble 
traditions of the past have been ably 
maintained by those of the present time 
— notably by such men as Charles M. 
Thorp, member of the law firm of Weil 
& Thorp, and a leader in all movements 
having for their object the promotion of 
the welfare of Pittsburgh. 

Charles M. Thorp was born March i6, 
1863, at Hawley, Wayne county, Penn- 
sylvania, son of the late Lewis Hale and 
Anna Atkinson (Wise) Thorp. He was 
educated in the common schools and the 
Oil City High School, and graduated 
from Cornell University with the class of 
1884, taking the degree of Ph. B. He 
registered as a law student with the late 
William Scott, of Pittsburgh, and was 
admitted to the bar of Allegheny county, 
on motion of the late Thomas Herriott, 
December 26, 1886. Since that time Mr. 
Thorp has been active in his profession in 
Pittsburgh. In 1895 he formed a law 
partnership with A. Leo. Weil, under the 
firm name of Weil & Thorp, which con- 
tinues to the present time. This firm is a 
most important one, having conducted 
many celebrated cases both in Pennsyl- 
vania and in other States. In the presen- 
tation of a case Mr. Thorp's manner and 
language — quiet, simple and forceful — are 
singularly effective. The papers which 
he prepares are strong and present the 
matter under consideration in a manner 
which admits of no dispute. He has a 
broad, comprehensive grasp of all ques- 
tions that come before him, and is par- 
ticularly fitted for affairs requiring execu- 
tive and administrative ability. 



As a citizen with high ideas of good 
government and civic virtue, Mr. Thorp 
stands in the front rank. In politics he 
affiliates with the Republican party, and 
takes a lively interest in that phase of 
politics which makes for the highest good 
of the community. He is a director of 
the Phillips Sheet and Tin Plate Com- 
pany ; a trustee of Edgewood Presby- 
terian Church ; and a member of the fol- 
lowing clubs : The Duquesne, University, 
Edgewood Club (director), Edgewood 
Country Club (director). 

Mr. Thorp married May 22, 1888, 
Jessie M., daughter of George and Mary 
(Jordan) Boulton, of Pittsburgh, and 
they are the parents of children : Mar- 
garet Boulton ; Evelyn Louise ; Jessie 
Marianne, Sarah Eleanore ; George Boul- 
ton, born January 2, 1893; and Charles 
Monroe, born March 9, 1895. 



PROVOST, George W., 

Head of Electric Corporation. 

George Watson Provost, president and 
director of the Union Electric Company, 
is one of the younger generation of Pitts- 
burgh business men. 

David Provost, great-great-grandfather 
of George Watson Provost, though born 
at Gedney Hill, Lincolnshire, England, 
was of French descent. His ancestors 
were Huguenots and, like so many of 
their brethren, accepted exile rather than 
renounce their religious faith. Taking 
refuge in England, the Provosts and 
some others who were skillful engineers 
were employed by the Duke of Bedford 
in draining some extensive swamps. The 
accomplishment of this task made them 
independently wealthy. 

(II) James, born 1777, son of David 
Provost, was a farmer and married, in 
1800, Ann Pullen. Their children were: 
James, Thomas, Ann, David, Sarah T., 



2485 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Watson, mentioned below ; John P., and 
Louise. Of these, Watson and Matilda 
emigrated to the United States. 

(III) Watson, son of James and Ann 
(Pullen) Provost, was born May 31, 1812, 
in Lincolnshire, England, and was edu- 
cated at Peterborough. In May, 1838, 
he came to the United States, and was 
employed by farmers in Allegheny 
county, Pennsylvania. In the autumn of 
that year he returned to England for his 
wife and son, and on arriving with them 
in his new home was employed by a man 
known as "Preacher Jones," in the first 
brickyard in Birmingham. There he was 
unfortunately defrauded of his wages, 
and later turned his attention to farming, 
purchasing the William Wilson mill on 
Saw Mill run. This was destroyed by 
fire, and he afterward bought Pollock's 
mill. He was a Republican, and a member 
of the Protestant Episcopal Church. Mr. 
Provost married, in 1836, at Wisbeach, 
St. Mary's, England, Mary, daughter of 
Robert and Maria (Mayne) Watkinson, 
and their children were: William,; Anna 
P., married James Phillips, of Pittsburgh ; 
James ; Robert Watson, mentioned be- 
low ; Maria, married Dr. J. H. Burkett ; 
C. Wright ; and Samuel P. Mr. Provost, 
by indomitable energy in the face of great 
discouragement, acquired a handsome 
competence and at the time of his death 
was the owner of more than eighty acres 
of land, upon which many houses were 
erected. 

(IV) Robert Watson, son of Watson 
and Mary (Watkinson) Provost, was 
born in 1845, '" Allegheny county, Penn- 
sylvania, and obtained his education in 
local schools. In association with his 
brother he was engaged for a time in the 
contracting business in his native county, 
but later became a farmer. He was a 
Republican, and attended the Presby- 
terian church. Mr. Provost married 



Mary Jane, daughter of John McFarland 
and Martha (Crummy) Phillips and 
cousin of John M. Phillips, of Pittsburgh. 
The Phillips family were am,ong the old 
settlers of Allegheny county. Mr. and 
Mrs. Provost were the parents of the fol- 
lowing children : Edward Allen, of Pitts- 
burgh ; John Phillips, of Pittsburgh, vice- 
president of the Union Electric Com- 
pany ; Lillian Mary, wife of George P. 
Manson, of Kalamazoo, Michigan ; George 
Watson, mentioned below ; Mary Mayne, 
of Pittsburgh ; and Melcena, wife of Her- 
bert N. Rudderow, of East View, Pitts- 
burgh. Mr. Provost, who was a useful 
man and good citizen, closed his career 
while still a young man, passing away 
June 6, 1882. 

(V) George Watson, son of Robert 
Watson and Mary Jane (Phillips) Pro- 
vost, was born November 13, 1873, at Fair 
Haven, Allegheny county, Pennsylvania, 
and attended both country and city 
schools, completing his course of study 
at Dufif's Business College, Pittsburgh. 
For a short time thereafter he was em- 
ployed by the Pennsylvania Railroad 
Company, and was then associated with 
an uncle who was in the flouring business 
on the South Side. Five years were spent 
with the Empire Laundry Company, and 
from 1896 to 1901 he was identified with 
the foundry business. 

But in none of these diiiferent occupa- 
tions did Mr. Provost feel that he had 
found his true sphere, and in 1897, while 
he was still identified with the foundry 
concern, he ventured into the field of elec- 
tricity, forming, in partnership with his 
brother, the General Railway Supply 
Company. Success attended them, and 
they remained in business until 1907, 
when they consolidated with the Union 
Electric Company, the new firm retain- 
ing the latter name, and Mr. Provost be- 
coming president and director, offices 



2486 



n 





'^yOd>.j^rva< 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



which he still retains. The business of SACHS, Charles H., 



the company is that of jobbers in mine, 
mill and especially railroad supplies, ana 
they have a large and flourishing trad*" 
in Western Pennsylvania, New 'Vork, 
Ohio, West Virginia and Western Mary- 
land. The success of the enterprise is in 
no small measure the result of the keen 
foresight and aggressive management of 
the president of the company, the force 
of whose personality makes itself felt in 
deeds rather than in words, and who looks 
the man he is. Mr. Provost has recently 
purchased the controlling interest in the 
Pittsburgh Talking Machine Company, 
and he is also identified, as stockholder, 
with other enterprises. 

Politically, Mr. Provost is an Independ- 
ent Republican, ever ready to do all in 
his power for the betterment of conditions 
in his community. He affiliates with the 
Masonic fraternity and the Knights 
Templar, belongs to the Union and Press 
clubs, and is a member of the Presby- 
terian church. 

Mr. Provost married, June i6, 1902, in 
Pittsburgh, Harriet Louise, daughter of 
the Rev. W. P. and Laura (Gardner) 
Shrom, of that city, where Mr. Shrom 
has been for twenty-five years pastor of 
the Fourth Presbyterian Church, going 
thither from Cadiz, Ohio. Mr. and Mrs. 
Provost are the parents of four children : 
Laura Gardner, born August 11, 1903; 
George Watson, born February 6, 1905 ; 
Harriet Louise, born March 2, 1907; and 
Mary Jane, born March 25, 191 1. Mrs. 
Provost, a cultured woman of winning 
personality, is a member of the Colloquial 
Club of Pittsburgh and other social or- 
ganizations. 

Among the several nationalities which 
have gone to the making of Western 
Pennsylvania the French has been in a 
minority, but the old Huguenot strain 
i > always effective and this George Wat- 
son Provost has ably assisted in proving. 



Iiavryer. 

The future of Pittsburgh is in the hands 
not of her industrial leaders and poten- 
tates alone, but also in those of the men 
who preside and argue in her courts — 
who administer justice and plead for re- 
dress of wrongs. Her standing in the 
years to come depends largely on the 
maintenance, by her judges and advocates, 
and for that maintenance she looks to such 
men as Charles H. Sachs, one of the ac- 
knowledged leaders of the younger gen- 
eration of Pittsburgh lawyers. The pro- 
fessional career of Mr. Sachs has thus far 
been associated exclusively with Pitts- 
burgh, and he is intimately identified with 
her essential interests. 

Charles H. Sachs was born in Russia, 
September 29, 1877, son of the late 
Hyman D. and Libbie (Weiner) Sachs. 
Hyman D. Sachs died in Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania, May 7, 1901 ; Mrs. Hyman 
D. Sachs is still living. Charles H. Sachs 
accompanied his parents to the United 
States in 1883, they locating in Pitts- 
burgh. His education was received in 
the second ward schools and at the aca- 
demic department of the Pittsburgh High 
School. He then took up the study of law 
in the Pittsburgh Law School (now the 
Law Department of the University of 
Pittsburgh), and was graduated with the 
initial class of that institution, in 1897. 
He was admitted to the bar of Allegheny 
county, September, 1898, since which 
time he has been in active practice of his 
profession in Pittsburgh. On his admis- 
sion to the bar, Mr. Sachs became a part- 
ner of Alexander Spiro, under the firm 
name of Spiro & Sachs ; in September, 
1901, H. C. Levey was admitted, and the 
name became Levey, Spiro & Sachs ; in 
May, 1902, Mr. Spiro retired, and the 
firm was changed to Levey & Sachs ; in 
April, 1903, that firm was dissolved. Mr. 



2487 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Sachs then formed a partnership with 
Benjamin L. Hirshfield, under the name 
of Sachs & Hirshfield, in 1904, which was 
dissolved in 1910, when Mr. Hirshfield 
retired from the practice of law. Since 
then Mr. Sachs has practiced alone. Pos- 
sessing thorough equipment enforced by 
innate ability and unremitting devotion 
to duty, Mr. Sachs has made for himself, 
entirely by his own efforts, a place of high 
standing among his professional breth- 
ern. Thorough and painstaking in the 
preparation of his cases, he is clear and 
forceful in their presentation, his argu- 
ments being remarkable for depth of in- 
sight and lucidity of expression. He is a 
member of all Pennsylvania courts and of 
the United States Circuit Court. 

As a true citizen, Air. Sachs takes a 
keen and active interest in everything 
pertaining to the welfare of his home 
city. His political affiliations are with the 
Republicans, but he has no desire for 
place or preferment, finding, in devotion 
to his chosen profession, the most con- 
genial sphere for the exercise of his ener- 
gies. His charities are numerous, but 
quietly bestowed. He is a trustee of the 
Federation of Jewish Philanthropies and 
director and member of the executive 
committee of Montefiore Hospital. He is 
also a director of the Washington Trust 
Company. Of genial nature, Mr. Sachs is 
a member of various social organizations. 
He is a member of the Independent Order 
of B'nai B'rith. 

Mr. Sachs married, December, 1906, 
Miss Flora Hirsch, born in the city of 
Allegheny, Pennsylvania, daughter of 
Benjamin and Sarah (Levi) Hirsch. 

The personality of Charles H. Sachs is 
that of a true lawyer — strong and at the 
same time magnetic. He has the legal 
mind, fitted to appreciate formal logic, 
exact statements and nice distinctions 
and delighting in the formation of prin- 



ciples and the definition of rights and 
duties. Considerate and courteous, he 
always conveys the impression that be- 
hind his genial exterior he possesses an 
underlying foundation of keen business 
sense and administrative ability. His 
temperament is social and he is a pleasing 
and interesting conversationalist. The 
fact that he possesses a large number of 
personal friends is proof that he is ardent 
and loyal in his attachments. 



PAYNE, William G., 

Coal Operator, Financier. 

Three generations of the Paynes have 
been prominent in the coal mining busi- 
ness in Pennsylvania, descendants of 
Robert Payne, of Ballycommon, Kings 
county, Ireland, who with his wife, Mary 
A., the daughter of Rev. William Cham- 
berlain, a clergyman of the Established 
Church of England at Ballycommon, 
Kings county, Ireland, came to America 
with their son Edward, and settled in 
Canada. From Canada the son Edward 
came to Pennsylvania, where he became 
a noted coal operator. Following him, 
his son, William G. Payne, has also en- 
gaged in coal operations, extending the 
family name and fame. In the fourth 
American generation follows his son, 
W^illiam T. Payne, his activity being 
along the same line in association with his 
honored father. 

Not alone are the Paynes prominent in 
that part of the business world occupied 
by the mining industry, but each gener- 
ation has widened its horizon, its mem- 
bers becoming veritable "Captains of 
Industry," their interests extending to 
other States and to other lines of activity. | 
By marriage they are connected with the 
Standish family of English descent, a 
family that has been an honored one 
in America since the first coming of 



4' 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the "Mayflower." Minersville, Schuylkill 
county, was the first Pennsylvania home 
of the Paynes, and not until 1871 did Wil- 
liam G. Payne locate at Kingston, now 
the family home. Since that date he has 
been a resident of Kingston, although his 
business interests are larger in New 
York, New Jersey, and Connecticut. Now 
past the sixty-seventh year of an unusual- 
ly active business life, he has surrendered 
many of the heavier burdens to his cap- 
able and willing son, William T. Payne, 
but is himself still "in the harness," a 
man of energy and force of character. His 
life has known nothing but success, but 
it is a success that has been earnestly 
striven after and that has been won by 
industry and intelligence, not by favor- 
itism or a lucky turn of Fortune's wheel. 
He commands the unvarying respect of 
his felIowm,en, and none has suffered that 
he might rise through the misfortune of 
another. He has welcomed opportunity, 
has exercised good judgment, never has 
sought for a royal road to fortune, but has 
risen through the efficacy of the old fash- 
ioned virtues, perseverance and integrity. 
His life has been one of development until 
now beyond the height of man's strength 
and vigor, he can review his past with 
satisfaction and can point the way for 
younger men to follow. 

Robert Payne, the grandfather of Wil- 
liam G. Payne, first landed in Montreal, 
Canada, when he came to this country, 
and ever remained in Canada, there en- 
gaging in the milling business until his 
death. He is buried at Granby, near 
where his American life was spent. 
Edward Payne, his son, was born in 1814, 
came to Canada with his parents when a 
boy, and died at Jersey City, New Jersey, 
in 1857. He spent his early life in 
Canada, later locating at Minersville, 
Schuylkill county, Pennsylvania. There 
he became an extensive coal operator, 



owning three mines. He also owned in 
fee simple that tract of coal lana now 
known as the "Stanton," John Stanton 
being his superintendent, and the shaft 
getting its name from him.. Later he 
engaged in the wholesale coal business 
as well, maintaining offices in Philadel- 
phia and New York, marketing the pro- 
ducts of his own mines and of others. 
He built up a large business and laid the 
foundation upon which his son, William 
G., built one far greater. Edward Payne 
married Priscilla Standish, of Pennsyl- 
vania parentage and distinguished Eng- 
lish ancestry. She died in 1880. 

William G. Payne, son of Edward and 
Priscilla (Standish) Payne, was born at 
Minersville, Schuylkill county, Pennsyl- 
vania, July 19, 1848, and is now a resident 
of Kingston, Luzerne county. When 
young his parents moved to Jersey City, 
New Jersey, where he attended public 
and private schools until the death of his 
father in 1857. He was then taken to 
Granby, Canada, where relatives resided, 
and there attended school. Later he 
joined his uncle, William Payne, in New- 
ark, New Jersey, and after completing his 
studies entered the employ of the Con- 
sumers' Coal Company of Newark, a 
company of which his uncle was inter- 
ested. He began as a clerk in the com- 
pany's offices, quickly grasped the details 
of the business, and was promoted in 
rank, finally filling the office of secretary- 
treasurer. He continued in Newark until 
1871, when he was made general super- 
intendent of the East Boston Mines, 
owned by the company, at Luzerne, Penn- 
sylvania, then making that place his head- 
quarters. In 1873 he purchased the mines 
and business of the Consumers' Coal 
Company, and a little later, in association 
with W. H. Meeker, established the 
wholesale coal business of Meeker, Payne 
& Company in New York City. From 



2489 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



that time he engaged in greater enter- 
prises, and has immense business inter- 
ests, widely separated. The foundations 
laid broad and deep, he has upon them 
erected a business edifice strong and en- 
during that he can contemplate with 
pleasure and pride. He is president and 
principal owner of the East Boston Coal 
Company, president of the Dolph Coal 
Company, of Scranton, a manager of the 
Pierce Coal Company, of Scranton, presi- 
dent of the Consumers' Coal Company, of 
Newark, New Jersey, a company of im- 
portance in that city, and the owner of 
valuable coal lands in Pennsylvania, 
director of the Wyoming National Bank, 
of Wilkes-Barre, and has other interests 
of less importance. He was a director and 
one of the principal owners of the Bridge- 
port Steamboat Company, of Bridgeport, 
Connecticut, and president of the People's 
Steamboat Company, owners of a large 
fleet of passenger and cargo steamers ply- 
ing between New York City and Bridge- 
port. Mr. Payne is a Republican in 
politics, and in 1892 was a presidential 
elector on the Harrison ticket. He is a 
communicant of St. Stephen's Episcopal 
Church of Wilkes-Barre ; a life member 
of the Wyoming Historical and Geolog- 
ical Society, and Westmoreland Club of 
Wilkes-Barre ; Taquahanga Club of Ver- 
mont ; Lawyers' Club of New York ; St. 
James' Club of Montreal. 

Mr. Payne married, October 6, 1868, 
Ellen, daughter of Lother Roberts, of 
Montreal, Canada, and has two children, 
William T. and Blanche E. 

William T., only son of William G. and 
Ellen (Roberts) Payne, was born in 
Kingston, Pennsylvania. April 20, 1871, 
and is still a resident of that borough, a 
prominent man of affairs. After reach- 
ing school years and until 1883 he attend- 
ed Miss Widnall's private school in 
Kingston, then upon the moving of his 



parents to New York City, where his 
father had important wholesale coal inter- 
ests, he entered the Dwight School, pre- 
paratory to taking up studies at Sheffield 
Scientific School, at New Haven, Con- 
necticut. At the age of twenty years he 
completed his scholastic work and entered 
business life, becoming a clerk in the 
office of the East Boston Coal Company. 
He proved a worthy son of his father 
and greater interests have been committed 
to his able management. He is now vice- 
president and general manager of the 
East Boston Coal Company, president of 
the Raub Coal Company, of Kingston, 
director of the Second National Bank, of 
Wilkes-Barre, and a director of the West 
Side Hospital, of Kingston. He is a Re- 
publican in politics, a communicant of the 
St. Stephen's Episcopal Church of 
Wilkes-Barre ; a life member of the Wy- 
oming Historical and Geological Society, 
and interested in all that concerns the 
welfare of his native town. 

Mr. Payne married, June 15, 1897, 
Anna, daughter of Agid and Anna 
(Piper) Ricketts, of Wilkes-Barre, and 
has two children, Anna Roberts and Pris- 
cilla Standish Payne. 



HADDOCK, John C, 

Coal Operator, Exemplary Citizen. 

Although John C. Haddock ranked 
among the most prominent coal operators 
of the Wyoming Valley, he was a well 
matured man before he came to the Val- 
ley, and his previous life had been entirely 
spent in commercial lines. The story of 
his life is that of a boy born in a far-away 
land, but brought to the United States at 
so early an age that he never could have 
known he was not American by birth had 
others not told him. He came up from 
lowly position, made his own way to 
responsible position, and won fortune by 



2490 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



a bold investment in the supposedly 
worked out Dodson mine at Plymouth, 
Pennsylvania. But luck bore no part in 
his successful life, hard work, persever- 
ance, sound judgment and business 
acumen being the factors which placed 
him in the commanding position he occu- 
pied. At the time of his death he was 
president of the Plymouth Coal Com- 
pany, and while he possessed the entire 
confidence of the coal operators of the 
Valley, he was also regarded by the 
miners as one of their best friends. He 
operated his mines for profit, as he was 
entitled to do, but he had a keen interest 
in the welfare of his men and did not 
wish to prosper at their expense. It was 
largely through his instrumentality that 
the Plymouth Coal Company levied a tax 
on their own coal to create a fund for 
the support of employes made dependent 
through mining accidents. His attitude 
towards the miners during the coal strike 
of 1902 was favorable to their side of the 
controversy, and there was probably no 
operator in the anthracite region who was 
held in higher esteem by the miners or by 
the general public than Mr. Haddock. 
They knew him as he was, knew the real 
man, knew his practical, sensible ideas of 
mine and business management, his un- 
flinching courage and sterling manhood. 
To his business associates he was the cool 
levelheaded man of affairs, upright and 
honorable in every transaction, a true 
"captain of industry." To his personal 
friends he was very dear, the soul of hos- 
pitality. This side of his nature cannot be 
better described than in the following 
tribute from his friend, Bishop Darling- 
ton, which appeared in the "Brooklyn 
Daily Eagle :" 



dock was a large man in every way, in body, in 
mind and in heart. The Glen Summit home of 
himself and his wife was a shrine where many 
received inspiration, and still more unbounded 
hospitality. Though a large employer of labor, 
controlling several coal properties, his fellow coal 
mine owners upheld the justice of many of the 
laboring men's demands. His love for flowers of 
his beautiful gardens was only surpassed by his 
greater love for his God, and all forms of suffer- 
ing humanity. His friendship was a large asset 
of gain to his intimates, and his memory will be 
treasured for years to come. May I lay this one 
little flower of appreciation upon the casket of 
one who deserves much more? 
Yours very sincerely, 

James Henry Darlington. 

The Bishop's House, Harrisburg, Pa., 

December 29, 1914. 



Editor Brooklyn Daily Eagle: I saw your 

sympathetic tribute to our mutual friend, Mr. 

Haddock. Permit me to add my tribute also in 

a few lines in "The Eagle". John Courtney Had- 

PEN— Vol VII— 18 



John Courtney Haddock was born in 
the county of Longford, Ireland, Novem- 
ber 26, 1850, and died in New York City, 
December 20, 1914. When an infant he 
was brought to the United States by his 
parents, who settled in Lenox, Massa- 
chusetts. After obtaining a good educa- 
tion in the public schools, he obtained a 
position with a commercial house in New- 
port, Rhode Island, later forming a con- 
nection with a wholesale coal dealing firm 
with whom he remained until reaching 
his majority in 1871. Then he was sent 
to Fall River, Massachusetts, as manager 
of the coal yards there, but in 1874 went 
to New York City, there becoming man- 
ager of the wholesale coal department of 
Meeker & Dean. He spent six years with 
that firm, which term of service com- 
pleted_ the years spent as an employee. 
He had thoroughly mastered the detail 
of coal marketing, wholesale and retail, 
but as yet had not had any connection 
with coal production. 

In 1880, Mr. Haddock, in association 
with G. W. Shonk, of Plymouth, Penn- 
sylvania, purchased the unexpired lease 
of the Dodson mine at Plymouth, an in- 
vestment which resulted very profitably 
and was a striking instance of the sound- 
2491 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ness of Mr. Haddock's judgment, as the 
mine was considered a "worked out" 
property. In 1882 he purchased the lease 
of the Black Diamond mine at Luzerne, 
Pennsylvania, which he worked very suc- 
cessfully as long as he lived. He engaged 
in other extensive mining operations in 
corporate connection, became president of 
the Plymouth Coal Company, president 
of John C. Haddock Company of New 
York City, and was the forceful executive 
of both. He was successful in promoting 
the development of the various mining 
properties and other business interests of 
which he was the executive head and left 
the heritage of an unimpeachable char- 
acter, notable for his uniform kindliness 
and fair treatment of his fellowmen. 
Kindly consideration for the welfare of 
others being a conspicuous trait of his 
character. Himself a successful business 
made, self made in the truest sense of the 
word, he had the most ardent sympathy 
for others, striving to rise as he had risen 
and ever extended a helping hand. 

That he possessed superior business 
ability and that the management of his 
various collieries was wise, is attested 
not only by his success but by superin- 
tendents and mine foreman in his em- 
ploy; their testimony agreeing that 
among all the coal operators of the an- 
thracite region none took a deeper inter- 
est nor more consistently promoted the 
safety and general welfare of employes 
than Mr. Haddock. It was his standing 
rule that mine superintendents and fore- 
man investigate every grievance and 
give every committee of miners or every 
individual a fair hearing. In this way 
harmony was preserved and many small 
misunderstandings were prevented from 
growing into greater ones. 

That his employes fully appreciated the 
spirit of kindness and consideration, and 
the close personal touch which he kept 
with the workers by seeing that his repre- 

249 



sentatives lived up to the principles of fair 
dealing, is shown in the following reso- 
lutions of condolence adopted by Local 
Union No. 1770, United Mine Workers 
of Plymouth : 

Whereas, God, our Creator and Preserver, in 
His wise Providence, has removed the soul of the 
late John C. Haddock, Esq., from among his 
beioved family, his numerous friends and em- 
ployes in this valley, a man who was a loving 
husband and a father to his children in all re- 
spects. He possessed a noble and generous 
heart, and at all times was ready to consider the 
poor widow and orphan. His character and rep- 
utation were unquestionable, and he always 
received his employes in a very courteous man- 
ner. Therefore, be it 

Resolved, That we, the members of Local Union 
1770, United Mine Workers of America, and of 
the Dodson Employes' Accidental Keg Fund, 
send our heartfelt sympathy to the widow and 
children of the deceased, trusting that some day 
we shall all understand what to-day appears 
dark. 

Resolved, That Luzerne county has lost one of 
its leading independent operators in the anthra- 
cite coal region, a man who always considered the 
welfare of his employes at heart, and during the 
strike of 1902 he displayed himself as usual in 
favor of the men. 

Resolved, That Local 1770, and also the Keg 
Fund, will miss him, because he urged and con- 
tributed liberally to the support of the Keg Fund 
at all times. 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be 
sent to the family of the deceased and also placed 
on the minutes of our Local Union and Keg 
Fund. 

LoDwicK Davies, 
Eugene Bosso, 
Ch.mu.es Cooper, 

Committee. 

Air. Haddock was a generous friend 
and attendant of St. Stephen's Episcopal 
Church, a member of the Wyoming His- 
torical and Geological Society, the West- 
moreland and Wilkes-Barre Country 
Clubs, all of Wilkes-Barre, the Hazleton 
Country Club of Hazleton, Pennsylvania, 
and of the Lawyers' Club of New York 
Citv. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



He married, October 7, 1875, Miss 
Jennie Sharpe DeWoIfe, of Brooklyn, 
New York ; children : Mabel, wife of 
Carleton C. Jones, of Wilkes-Barre ; John 
Courtney (2), graduate of Yale, class of 
1915 ; Courtney, deceased. 

The family home was at Glen Summit, 
where a most generous hospitality was 
dispensed and where Mr. Haddock in- 
dulged to the full his love for flowers and 
all nature's works, and in its comforts 
and beautiful surroundings gave full rein 
to the finer attributes which distinguished 
him. He usually spent the winter months 
in New York City, but Glen Summit was 
a permanent family home. He is buried 
in Oak Lawn Cemetery. 



DONNER, Percy E., 

Financier, Enterprising Citizen. 

The work of the financier has ever been 
identified with the vital part of all indus- 
tries, and it is partly through their 
shrewdness and their ability to foresee 
the changing order of events that the 
plants of numerous Pittsburgh companies 
have been able to carry on their estab- 
lishments in a way that is creditable to 
the Iron City. Many of these men have 
had a varied, broad experience, and are 
thus unquestionably qualified to handle 
transactions of so important a nature in 
a way that promotes and makes for the 
good of all parties concerned ; and such a 
man is Percy E. Donner, banker, pro- 
moter, authority on real estate and 
former steel company official, who by his 
unceasing efforts and his able mind has 
not only made himself felt and respected 
in the financial circles, but has brought 
the flourishing community of Monessen 
up to its present developed, modern con- 
dition, and who, ever since his adoption 
of Pittsburgh as his native city, has been 
identified with its best and leading inter- 
ests. 



Percy E. Donner, son of Frederick and 
Mary J. Donner, was born November 18, 
1878, at Columbus, Indiana, and was edu- 
cated in the public and high schools of 
his home town. Believing that greater 
opportunities were aflforded in the east, 
Mr. Donner arrived in Pittsburgh and 
some time afterward affiliated himself 
with the United States Steel Corporation, 
which was then being organized. He was 
placed in charge of the largest plant at 
Monessen, and here his inherent execu- 
tive ability and his kindly disposition 
made him one of the most popular general 
managers ever known in these mills, 
continuing in this capacity to the satis- 
faction of his superiors and the loyal sup- 
port and admiration of his subordinates. 
Mr. Donner resigned this position Feb- 
ruary I, 1904, when he became interesteu 
in the development of a number of other 
projects. The most important of thesf 
enterprises was the Webster, Monessen, 
Belle Vernon & Fayette City Railway 
Company, which was then undergoing 
organization. His business changes 
show very clearly that he is a worker and 
a doer of the modern type of pioneer, and, 
doubtless, had he lived a century ago, he 
would have imprinted his name upon the 
scroll of honor with many of our indomit- 
able pioneers. Financing this young con- 
cern became his part of the business, and 
here he was given free scope for the play 
of his financial talents and his helpful 
work has lead this organization to paths 
of signal success. He is still a member 
of its board of directors. Notwithstand- 
ing the numerous companies and organ- 
izations in which he was exceedingly and 
importantly interested, Mr. Donner was 
induced to take an active part in the 
affairs of the Pittsburgh Air Brake Com- 
pany, at the same time being made one 
of their directors. He is also director 
in the East Side Land Company, which 
really founded the town of Monessen and 



2493 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ij practically responsible for the reason 
of its final development. 

Gradually, however, the financial chan- 
nel has been weaning his broad interests 
and versatile talents to her exacting side, 
and the most of Mr. Donner's work is 
confined to the business of banking and 
brokerage. He is head of the firm of 
Donner, Childs & Woods, and is daily 
exhibiting his fitness to occupy the posi- 
tion as head of this well respected and 
much liked concern. Several years ago, 
he joined the New York Stock Exchange 
and spent two years on the floor, which 
experience has invested him with a 
knowledge that is well-nigh priceless. He 
is a member of this exchange for his firm. 
Though he is an alert and enterprising 
man, Mr. Donner does not believe in the 
concentration of effort on business aiTairs 
to the exclusion of the amenities of social 
and outdoor life, and he is a member of 
the Duquesne, Pittsburgh, Press, Alle- 
gheny Country, Pittsburgh Country and 
the Harkaway Hunt clubs. An enthusi- 
astic sportsman, Mr. Donner is fond of 
life in the open and is an all-around out- 
door man of no small note. 

Mr. Donner married, in 1909, Miss 
Elizabeth, daughter of the late George P. 
Hamilton, Jr., and one child, Letitia 
Caldwell Donner, is the fruit of this 
union. Both Mr. and Mrs. Donner are 
fond of travel, in this country and abroad, 
and their delightful home on the North- 
side is the seat of many smart affairs and 
gracious hospitality. Mrs. Donner com- 
bines her gift of rare charm and tact with 
innate refinement and culture and is said 
to be one of the most popular matrons of 
Pittsburgh. 

Mr. Donner stands high in the esteem 
of his business associates and firm in the 
hearts of his friends, and the reputation 
which he has already gained will increase 
and strengthen with the lapse of years, 

2494 



based as it is upon the solid and enduring 
foundations of natural ability, broad and 
comprehensive learning and unimpeach- 
able integrity. 



BENSON, WUliam S., Rear Admiral, 
Distinguished Naval OfScer. 

Rear Admiral William Sheppard Ben- 
son, Chief of Operations, charged with the 
practical direction of forty thousand men, 
and the machinery of the naval forces of 
the United States, was born in Georgia, 
September 25, 1855, and received his ap- 
pointment to the Naval Academy from 
that State. He graduated from the Naval 
Academy in June, 1877, and served twenty- 
two years at sea, and has occupied virtu- 
ally every position on land and sea that 
his rank would justify. 

In the year 1877 he was ordered to the 
"Hartford" (flagship). South Atlantic 
Station, and remained attached to her on 
that station until January i, 1879, when 
he was ordered to the "Essex," at the 
same station, and was detached from the 
"Essex" in May, 1879, to the "Constitu- 
tion," at Norfolk, in October. After he 
sailed with that famous old warship on 
her last cruise, he was ordered to duty at 
the Brooklyn Navy Yard in July, 1881. 
The following year he was ordered to the 
"Alliance," at the home station, and the 
next year was transferred to the"Yantic," 
and cruised with her to Littleton Island 
in the summer of 1883 as convoy to the 
Creely relief steamer "Proteus." Later j 
he was on duty under the Naval Advisory 
Board at South Boston until March, 1885, 
when he was detached and ordered to the | 
Branch Hydrographic Office at Balti- 
more. In 1888 he was ordered to the 
"Dolphin," at New York, and made 
cruise around the world. On one cruise 
he navigated the entire coast of Africa. 

Rear Admiral Benson's naval career 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



has been diversified from the very begin- 
ning of the modern navy. He has had 
a varied and useful experience in connec- 
tion with its building. During the eight- 
ies he inspected the material for the con- 
struction of the first modern vessels, 
which later formed the famous "White 
Squadron." For a number of years he 
was instructor in seamanship, naval archi- 
tecture and naval tactics at the Naval 
Academy at Annapolis, and later became 
commandant of midshipmen while Ad- 
miral Badger was superintendent, and in 
1908 commanded the practice squadron of 
five ships. He has served as chief-of-staff 
of the Pacific fleet, and was captain of the 
superdreadnought "Utah," and tempo- 
rarily as commandant of the first division 
of the Atlantic fleet. 

In 1913 he was detached from the 
"Utah" to be commandant of the League 
Island Navy Yard, Philadelphia. Admiral 
Benson, who reached the grade of captain 
in 1909, was chosen by Secretary Daniels 
to be Chief of Naval Operations, April, 
1915, with the grade of rear admiral. At 
the time of Rear Admiral Benson's ap- 
pointment. Secretary Daniels said, "Cap- 
tain Benson comes to this position after a 
ripe experience of varied character and of 
comparatively recent acquirement ; name- 
ly, the command of one of the most 
modern battleships ; the command of a 
division of the Atlantic fleet ; and finally 
the command of one of the greatest and 
most important navy yards, at a time 
when it was rapidly developing and fit- 
ting out to do shipbuilding on a large 
scale, and where he proved himself to be 
an administrator of the highest type." 

Admiral Benson is a member of the 
Navy Club at Washington, a member of 
the Union League, Philadelphia, and is 
also a member of the Catholic Club, of 
New York. 

He married Miss Mary Augusta Neyse, 
daughter of Colonel F. O. Neyse, of the 



United States army, and they have three 
children — a daughter, Miss Mary Augusta, 
married Professor Hermon S. Kraft, of 
Annapolis ; a son, Howard, Jr., lieutenant 
commanding the United States Ship, Sub- 
marine H2. ; and a second son, Francis 
Neyse Benson, a midshipman in the 
United States Naval Academy. 



NICHOLSON, John, Jr., 

Manufacturer, Inventor. 

Among Pittsburgh's leading business 
men during the latter half of the nine- 
teenth century must be numbered the late 
John Nicholson, Jr., distinguished both 
as a manufacturer and an inventor. The 
branch of the family of which Mr. Nichol- 
son was a representative has been for 
more than a hundred years identified with 
the most essential interests of the Iron 
City. 

The origin of the name Nicholson is in 
dispute. It is said that when the Nor- 
mans settled in England and tried to pro- 
nounce the name Lincoln they could get 
no better result than Noncol, which later 
became Nicole, and in course of time 
Nicholson. It is a fact that after the 
Conquest, Earles of Lincoln called them- 
selves Contes de Nichole. Some authori- 
ties derive the name from the Norman 
patrynomic of Fitz-Nigell. 

During the seventeenth and eighteenth 
centuries branches of the Nicholsons were 
planted in New Jersey, Virginia and New 
England. The arms of the family are: 
Arms : Azure, two bars ermine on a chief 
argent three suns proper. Crest: A lion's 
head erased gules, ducally gorged, or. 

John Nicholson, great-grandfather of 
John Nicholson, Jr., was a revenue col- 
lector for the crown in County Donegal, 
Ireland. He married Letitia Stuart, who 
was of Scotch birth and claimed kindred 
with the royal Stuarts. Mr. and Mrs. 
Nicholson were the parents of the fol- 



2495 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



lowing children, all born in Ireland : 
Charles; James; John, mentioned below; 
Letitia, Andrew, and Patrick. All these 
children came to the United States in the 
latter part of the eighteenth century and 
the early portion of the nineteenth. The 
father, John Nicholson, died in Ireland, 
and his widow received a pension from 
the crown until she came to the United 
States, which she did between 1802 and 
1824. She died in Pittsburgh some time 
prior to 1845, regretting to the last that 
she had ever left Ireland. 

(II) John, son of John and Letitia 
(Stuart) Nicholson, was a ship carpenter, 
and settled in Philadelphia. In 1802 he 
removed to Pittsburgh, where he estab- 
lished a ship and boat yard. He helped 
build the "New Orleans," the first steam- 
boat on our western rivers, for Captain 
Roosevelt, an ancestor of ex-President 
Roosevelt. Mr. Nicholson's principal oc- 
cupation was the construction of gulf 
coasting vessels which he shipped in 
skeleton to New Orleans and launched 
from that city. He married, November 6, 
1797, in Philadelphia, Mary, daughter of 
John and Mary Schuyler*, both of New 
Jersey, and their children were : William ; 
John, mentioned below ; Abraham Schuy- 
ler, and Andrew Jackson. John Nichol- 
son, the father, died in Pittsburgh, Febru- 
ary 4, 1846, aged seventy-five years. 

(III) John (2), son of John (i) and 
Mary (Schuyler) Nicholson, was born 
March 6, 1802, in Philadelphia, and was 
less than one year old when his parents 
removed to Pittsburgh. His education 
was received in the schools of that city, 
and on reaching a suitable age he was ap- 
prenticed to Anthony Beelen to learn the 
trade of iron moulding. Upon the expira- 
tion of his apprenticeship he entered the 
service of Kingsland & Lightner, who 
had purchased Mr. Beelen's foundry, and 



•The Schuyler record Is appended to this biog- 
raphy. 



by his energy, economy and industry 
soon acquired a competence. In 1826 he 
bought a small foundry situated on part 
of the ground now occupied by Mc- 
Knight's rolling-mill, in Birmingham, the 
south side of Pittsburgh, and, being a 
skillful moulder, was much sought after 
by foundry proprietors. In 1828 the firm 
of Arthurs & Benny induced him to sell 
his small foundry and take an interest in 
their large establishment. In a short 
time the retirement of Mr. Benny dis- 
solved the partnership, and the well- 
known firm of Arthurs & Nicholson was 
established, continuing without change 
for nearly twenty years, during which 
time they made the engines for many of 
the steamboats built in Pittsburgh, and 
the first pair placed in what are now the 
old water works. They also built the 
engines and made the necessary castings 
for some of the rolling-mills. Between 
1830 and 1835 they purchased from Mc- 
Clurg, Parry & Higby what was then 
known as the Eagle Foundry, situated in 
Pipetown, and operated both establish- 
ments until 1836, when the latter was 
destroyed by fire. They sold the ground 
on which it stood to the Pittsburgh Gas 
Company and built a large foundry and 
machine shop on the bank of the Monon- 
gahela near Lock No. i. In 1846 or 1847 
the firm of Arthurs & Nicholson was dis- 
solved, and in settling the business Mr. 
Nicholson took charge of the new works, 
Mr. Arthurs retaining the old establish- 
ment. Mr. Nicholson carried on a large 
business until Thanksgiving night, 1848. 
when the works were burned to the 
ground. In association with his son-in- 
law, G. W. G. Payne, of Nashville, Ten- 
nessee, Mr. Nicholson rebuilt the works, 
and under the firm name of Nicholson & 
Payne engaged largely in the manufac- 
ture of stoves, grate fronts and grates. 
In 1855 Mr. Nicholson disposed of his in- 
terest to Mr. Lee and Frank S. Bissell, 



2496 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



who continued the business as Payne, 
Lee & Company, the style subsequently 
becoming Payne, Bissell & Company, and 
eventually Bissell & Company. In 1861 
they removed to Allegheny, and Mr. 
Nicholson's works remained idle until 
about 1864, when they were burned down 
for the third time in their history. Mr. 
Nicholson married, February 24, 1824, in 
Pittsburgh. Rebecca McGrew (whose an- 
cestral record is appended to this biog- 
raphy), and their children were: Mary 
Ann, Eliza, Rebecca, John, mentioned be- 
low ; George, Adda, and Emma. 

On October 17, 1880, Mr. Nicholson 
died, and one who knew him intimately 
for nearly half a century paid this tribute 
to his memory: "I have no hesitation in 
saying that, in my judgment, he pos- 
sessed as many of the attributes of a good 
man as any other of whom I ever had any 
personal knowledge." 

(IV) John (3), son of John (2) and 
Rebecca (McGrew) Nicholson, was born 
September 21, 1832, in Pittsburgh, and 
received his education in the schools of 
his native city and in Travilla's Academy 
in Sewickley, Pennsylvania. Early in life 
he was associated by his father in the 
latter's business, for which he proved to 
have an unusual aptitude. Later he be- 
came a furnace builder and the head of a 
very flourishing concern. 

While Mr. Nicholson's business quali- 
fications were of a high order, he pos- 
sessed also an uncommon amount of me- 
chanical genius which found its most 
notable expression in the invention of the 
Nicholson Recuperative Furnace for melt- 
ing glass. This machine, by using slack 
as a fuel to generate gas, much cheapened 
the process, and at the same time greatly 
improved it. This invention was per- 
fected in 1880 and brought Mr. Nicholson 
merited distinction. 

Always a staunch Republican, Mr. 



Nicholson never was conspicuously as- 
sociated with the afifairs of the organiza- 
tion, though taking a keen and helpful 
interest in every project having for its 
end the betterment of conditions in his 
community. He was a member of the 
Methodist church. His countenance, so 
expressive of the traits of character which 
made him what he was, and his earnest, 
cordial manner, are still too fresh in the 
memories of a majority of Pittsburghers 
to justify any description here. 

Mr. Nicholson married, June 16, 1864, 
Mary Elizabeth Cheek (whose ancestral 
record is appended to this biography), 
and they became the parents of the fol- 
lowing children : I. Mary, resides in Pitts- 
burgh, but has lived much abroad. 2. 
John H., whose biography appears else- 
where in this work. 3. Harry Schuyler, 
a biography of whom may alsO' be found 
on another page. 4. Robert, died in child- 
hood. 5. Joel Cheek, also died in child- 
hood. Mr. Nicholson was a man of strong 
domestic affections, and for many years 
his home was brightened by the devoted 
wife and mother who passed away De- 
cember 9, 1892, at the comparatively early 
age of forty-seven. 

It was not in the city which had 
been his birthplace and life-long home 
that Mr. Nicholson's own death oc- 
curred, but on the island of Cuba, where 
he breathed his last on January 23, 
1906. When the news reached Pitts- 
burgh, the sense of sorrow was wide- 
spread and sincere, all classes of the com- 
munity uniting in mourning for one 
whose talents and successes had been 
used in the service of his city and had been 
made to minister to the general good. 

John Nicholson, Jr., was the son of a 
man who fostered the iron manufactures 
of Pittsburgh while they were still in 
their infancy, and he himself, with larger 
opportunities, gave a powerful impetus to 



2497 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



their maturer development. In two gen- 
erations the name of John Nicholson is a 
notable one in the industrial world. 

(The Schuyler Line). 

Philip Pieterse Schuyler emigrated 
from Holland as early as 1650, and set- 
tled in Albany, New York. He was one 
of the most prominent citizens of the 
province, and the family he founded is 
recognized as one of the historic families 
of America. Under date of August 29, 
1654, he is styled the Honorable Philip 
Pieterse Schuyler, and about that time he 
was appointed one of the commissioners 
or magistrates of the court at Albany. 
He served in the office of magistrate for 
many years, and was for some time presi- 
dent of the court. On November i, 1667, 
he was commissioned captain of the Foot 
Company of Albany, and two years later 
was also appointed to command the mili- 
tary company at Schenectady. Captain 
Schuyler married, December 12, 1650, 
Margaretta Van Sleihtenhorst, whose 
father held important offices in the colony 
of New York, and their children were: 
Gysbert ; Gertrude, married Colonel Ste- 
phanies Van Cortlandt ; Alyda, married 
the Rev. Nicholas Van Rensselaer, and 
after his death became the wife of Robert 
Livingstone ; Peter, known as "Colonel," 
married (first) Engeltie Van Schaick, and 
(second) Maria Van Rensselaer; Brant, 
married Cornelia Van Cortlandt ; and 
Arent, mentioned below. Captain Schuy- 
ler died in Albany, August 9, 1683. 

(II) Arent, son of Philip Pieterse and 
Margaretta (Van Sleihtenhorst) Schuy- 
ler, was born June 25, 1662, and in 1690, 
as a volunteer, led a company of scouts 
into Canada. He was shortly after com- 
missioned captain under the New York 
government, and in that capacity ren- 
dered important military service. About 
1720 he removed to New Jersey, where 
he was a large landowner, residing on an 



estate at Barbadoes Neck, three miles 
above Newark. On this land a copper 
mine was discovered which became the 
source of much wealth. Mr. Schuyler 
married (first) November 26, 1688, Jen- 
neke Teller, (second) January, 1703, 
Swantie Vandykhuysen, and (third) 
Maria Walter. He devised his home- 
stead and his copper mine to his son, the 
Honorable John Schuyler, and a planta- 
tion on the Delaware river, in Burlington, 
Burlington county. New Jersey, to his 
son, Casparus, mentioned below. The 
death of Mr. Schuyler occurred January 
12, 1730, near Newark, New Jersey. 

(III) Casparus, son of Arent and Jen- 
neke (Teller) Schuyler, was baptized 
May 5, 1695, in New York City, and re- 
sided on an estate of five hundred acres 
at Burlington, New Jersey. He was twice 
married, the Christian name of his first 
wife being Jane, and that of the second 
Mary, but their surnames have not come 
down to us. Mr. Schuyler died in 1754, 
at Burlington, New Jersey. 

(IV) Arent (2), son of Casparus Schuy- 
ler, resided on his ancestral estate at Burl- 
ington. He married (first) May 19, 1748, 
Jenneke Van Waganan, of Essex county, 
New Jersey, and (second) Jane Proal. 
His death occurred at Burlington, in 1780. 

(V) John, son of Arent (2) Schuyler, 
was born in 1751, at Burlington, New 
Jersey, and married, about 1775, Mary, 
daughter of Samuel Cripps, of Burlington 
county, and a descendant of John Cripps, 
secretary, in 1687, of the Proprietors of 
West Jersey. Mr. Schuyler died at Burl- 
ington, his birthplace. 

(VI) Mary, daughter of John and 
Mary (Cripps) Schuyler, was married, 
November 6, 1797, at Philadelphia, to 
John Nicholson, as stated above. 

(The McGrew Line). 

The McGrew family belonged to the 
Clan Buchanan, of Scotland, but on ac- 



2498 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



count of religious persecution fled from 
their native land and settled in County 
Tyrone, province of Ulster, Ireland. 

Robert McGrew, the first ancestor of 
record, emigrated about 1726-27 from 
County Tyrone, Ireland, to the province 
of Pennsylvania, settling in Adams 
county, where he became a man of some 
prominence. Mr. McGrew married in Ire- 
land, the Christian name of his wife being 
Isabella. They became the parents of a 
large family, and among the sons was 
Finley, mentioned below. 

(II) Finley, son of Robert and Isabella 
McGrew, married, and James, his son, is 
mentioned below. 

(III) James, son of Finley McGrew, 
married, and his son, Finley, is mentioned 
below. 

(IV) Finley (2), son of James Mc- 
Grew, married, and his daughter, Re- 
becca, is mentioned below. 

(V) Rebecca, daughter of Finley (2) 
McGrew, became the wife of John Nichol- 
son Sr., as stated above. 

(The Cheek Line). 

Henry Cheek, grandfather of Mrs. 
Mary Elizabeth (Cheek) Nicholson, mar- 
ried Miss Hancock, who was a connection 
of a Signer of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence. 

(II) James Henry, son of Henry and 

(Hancock) Cheek, was born in 

Adair county, Kentucky; was a physi- 
cian, and during the Civil War served in 
the Union army. He married Mary 
Agnes Bledsoe, who lived at Paris, Ken- 
tucky. 

(III) Mary Elizabeth, daughter of 
James Henry and Mary Agnes (Bledsoe) 
Cheek, became the wife of John Nichol- 
son, Jr., as stated above. The great- 
great-granduncle of Mrs. Mary Elizabeth 
(Cheek) Nicholson was Sir John Cheek, 
a solicitor for the English crown. 



SCAIFE, WUliam B., 

Pioneer in Iron Industry. 

Among pioneers of the iron industry of 
Pennsylvania was the late William B. 
Scaife, founder and head of the old firm 
of William B. Scaife & Sons, of Pitts- 
burgh, Pennsylvania. 

Jeiferey Scaife, father of William B. 
Scaife, was a native of Yorkshire, Eng- 
land. The family is of Danish origin and 
has been traced back to 1653. About 1780 
Jefiferey Scaife migrated to the United 
States, settling first in Philadelphia and 
afterward in Pittsburgh, where in 1802 
he engaged in the manufacture of tin and 
sheet-iron ware. He married Lydia Bar- 
rett; his death occurring in 1846. 

William B. Scaife, son of Jefiferey and 
Lydia (Barrett) Scaife, was born Sep- 
tember 5, 1812, in the First Ward, Pitts- 
burgh, Pennsylvania, and received all the 
education obtainable at that time in his 
native city. Nothwithstanding his inces- 
sant activity, he was all his life a student, 
becoming a remarkably well-informed 
man, with a special taste for metaphysics. 
From an early age he was trained in his 
father's works, and a proof of the pre- 
cocious development of his mechanical 
genius is found in the fact that when but 
nine years old he fashioned articles which 
were offered for sale with those made by 
his father's workmen. In 1834 the firm 
of William B. Scaife & Company was or- 
ganized, the company consisting of the 
well-known business men, Messrs. Mc- 
Clurg and Wade, of the Fort Pitt Ord- 
nance works. They engaged extensively 
in the manufacture of tin, sheet-iron and 
copper ware. In 1838, Mr. Scaife, by 
purchasing the interest of his partners, 
found himself, at the age of twenty-six, 
sole proprietor of an important industry. 
At this time steamboat trade was one of 
Pittsburgh's greatest interests, and Mr. 



2499 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Scaife gave much of his time to the manu- 
facture of the tin, iron and copper por- 
tions of these vessels. This was the ori- 
gin of what afterward became an inde- 
pendent branch of business — that of the 
building and thorough equipment of 
steamboats. He was one of the first to 
inaugurate the system of towing coal 
down the river instead of floating it, as 
was then the custom. Mr. Scaife was 
perhaps the pioneer manufacturer of iron 
roof frames and corrugated iron roofings 
and sidings, a venture which proved very 
profitable, orders coming in from all parts 
of the United States. He was always the 
first to install labor-saving machinery and 
to do everything calculated to improve 
the condition of his men. In 1870 the 
firm name was changed to William B. 
Scaife & Sons. 

In everything pertaining to the wel- 
fare of Pittsburgh Mr. Scaife's interest 
was deep and sincere, and wherever sub- 
stantial aid would further public progress 
it was freely given. In politics he was 
first a Whig and then a Republican. A 
strong believer in temperance, he assisted 
the cause with influence and means. He 
was the organizer of a debating society 
known as the Philo Institute which pos- 
sessed a fine library and numbered among 
its members many men who later became 
prominent. He was a life-long member 
of the Methodist Episcopal church. 

William B. Scaife married Mary Fris- 
bee, daughter of Ephraim Frisbee, of 
Schoharie county, New York, and they 
were the parents of thirteen children, in- 
cluding the following sons: Oliver P., de- 
ceased ; Charles Cooke, deceased, whose 
biography and portrait follows ; Lauris- 
ton L., an attorney of Boston ; William 
Lucien, chairman of the Scaife Foundry 
and Machine Company ; Marvin F. ; and 
Walter B., of Florence, Italy. 

The death of William B. Scaife oc- 



curred in Pittsburgh, April 2, 1876, and 
he is buried there in the Allegheny Ceme- 
tery. 



SCAIFE, Charles C, 

Civil War Veteran, Manufacturer. 



A representative of one of the oldest in- 
dustries of the Iron City, and a true type 
of the influential, aggressive Pittsburgher, 
was the late Charles Cooke Scaife, presi- 
dent of the William B. Scaife & Sons 
Company, manufacturers of steel tanks 
for air, gas and liquids, steel buildings, 
and water purifying apparatus. This com- 
pany was founded in 1802 by Jefiferey 
Scaife, the grandfather of Charles Cooke 
Scaife, and is perhaps the oldest manu- 
facturing establishment west of the Alle- 
gheny mountains. 

Mr. Scaife was a member of a family 
famous in the industrial annals of Pitts- 
burgh, and was himself prominently asso- 
ciated not only with her manufacturing 
interests but with the other elements 
most essential to her well-being. He was 
born September 8, 1844, in Pitt township, 
now a part of the city of Pittsburgh, a 
son of the late William B. and Mary 
(Frisbee) Scaife, the former one of the 
most prominent iron manufacturers of his 
day. 

Charles C. Scaife was educated in 
public and private schools of his native 
city, and belonged to one of the first 
classes of the old Central High School. 
He early associated with his father in the 
latter's business. Proving himself to 
have inherited a full share of the ability 
hereditary in his family, he very shortly 
became a member of the firm, with which 
he was closely identified for over fifty 
years. Under his able leadership the 
scope of the business was greatly en- 
larged, and the company now owns an 
immense plant at Oakmont, employing 
2500 





*^<2>3^^T'--e-<^ 



TJc 



~({ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



about five hundred men. Mr. Scaife was 
thoroughly familiar with every detail of 
the business, and his vitalizing energy 
pervaded every department of the con- 
cern. Mr. Scaife was a veteran of the Civil 
War, having enlisted September 15, 1862, 
in Company C, Fifteenth Pennsylvania 
Volunteer Militia. 

He was married, December 24, 1867, to 
Priscilla M., daughter of the late James 
Verner, of Pittsburgh, and the following 
children were born to them : James Ver- 
ner; William B; Charles Cooke, Jr., died 
November 13, 1915; and Anna Verner, 
wife of John H. Ricketson, Jr. 

While closely attending to his business 
afifairs, Mr. Scaife ever manifested a keen 
and active interest in everything pertain- 
ing to the city's welfare, and his name 
was associated with projects of the ut- 
most municipal concern. The financial 
and commercial institutions, the educa- 
tional, political, charitable and religious 
organizations, which constitute the chief 
features in the life of every great city, all 
profited by his support and cooperation. 
He was the owner of much real estate, 
and a fine judge of the dormant possibili- 
ties of landed property. A Republican in 
politics, and known to be an attentive 
observer of men and measures, he was 
frequently consulted in regard to ques- 
tions of public moment. Although re- 
peatedly urged to run for public office, he 
steadfastly declined. 

A member of Calvary Methodist Epis- 
copal Church of Pittsburgh, Mr, Scaife 
was its oldest trustee in point of service. 
Dignified and courteous on all occasions, 
a true "gentleman of the old school," his 
sterling qualities of manhood and genial 
disposition drew around him a large circle 
of devotedly attached friends. His innu- 
merable private benefactions were always 
carried out in a manner not to permit 
them to become known elsewhere. The 



poor of the community never had a more 
generous and sympathetic friend. 

The death of Charles Cooke Scaife, 
which occurred December 31, 1915, re- 
moved from Pittsburgh a man whose 
business capacity was of the highest 
order, a citizen of active patriotism, and 
a man of refined tastes and benevolent 
disposition — one who in every relation of 
life had never wavered in his loyalty to 
the loftiest principles. 



VERNER, James, 

Man of Enterprise, Public Official. 

The business men of the old Iron City! 
We all know them as history and tra- 
dition have preserved them for us — men 
whose lives furnished examples of com- 
mercial probity and enterprise, and civic 
and socal virtue ; men whose monument 
is the Pittsburgh of the present, prosper- 
ous and beautiful. Among the foremost 
of the noble company to whom the pres- 
ent generation owes so much was the late 
James Verner, for more than half a cen- 
tury prominently identified with the best 
business, financial and social interests of 
Pittsburgh. 

James Verner was born August 30, 
1818, at Monongahela City (then called 
Williamsport), Pennsylvania, the youn- 
gest child and only son of James and 
Elizabeth (Doyle) Verner. His grand- 
mother died at Verner's Bridge, County 
Armagh, Ireland, where she had always 
lived, and where her husband had died 
many years before her. Their ancestors 
were of Scotch origin. James and Eliza- 
beth Verner came from Ireland to Penn- 
sylvania in 1806, and after a brief stay 
at Pittsburgh moved to Williamsport. 
About 1820 they settled permanently in 
Pittsburgh, where Mr. Verner engaged in 
the brewing and lumber business with 
James Brown, the firm being known as 



2501 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Brown & Verner. James Verner, Sr., died 
in 1S54, aged seventy-one; his wife dying 
two years later at the same age. The 
family consisted of three daughters and 
one son. Their eldest daughter, Eliza- 
beth (Mrs. Samuel Morrison), died in 
1887; Ellen Holmes, widow of Bishop 
Simpson, of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, of Philadelphia ; Alary ; James, 
see below. 

James Verner, son of James and Eliza- 
beth (Doyle) Verner, received his educa- 
tion at a private school kept by John 
Kelly, in Allegheny, and at Allegheny 
College, at Meadville, Pennsylvania. He 
married Anna, a daughter of General 
James Murry, of Murrysville, Pennsylva- 
nia, and settled on a farm of four hundred 
and sixty acres at the site of the present 
borough of Verona, which was formerly 
called Verner's Station. Mr. Verner 
cleared and fenced the farm and added to 
it. After the completion of the Allegheny 
Valley railroad he formed a company to 
lay out a village, which now constitutes 
the first ward of Verona borough, and 
secured the location of the Allegheny 
Valley railroad shops there. Returning 
to Pittsburgh, Mr. Verner became a part- 
ner in the brewing firm of George W. 
Smith & Company, in which he continued 
several years. He then became interested 
in and operated the Excelsior Omnibus 
Company, which transferred passengers 
and baggage from the Pennsylvania rail- 
road to the Fort Wayne railroad. Selling 
out this, Mr. Verner applied for and ob- 
tained a charter for the Citizens' Passen- 
ger Railway Company, which was put in 
operation in 1859, the first street railway 
operated west of the Allegheny moun- 
tains. This road was later consolidated 
with the Transverse road in the Citizens' 
Traction railway. Mr. Verner afterward 
organized the Pittsburgh Forge and Iron 
Company, and was its first president. 

A man of much public spirit, James 



Verner served several years as a member 
of council from the Fourth ward, being a 
Whig and later Republican in his political 
affiliations. He was noted for his love of 
field sports, and had the reputation of 
being the oldest "wing-shot" in Western 
Pennsylvania. He was one of the first 
to interest himself and others in the im- 
provement in the breeding of hunting 
dogs, and was one of the organizers of 
the Sportmen's Assocation of Western 
Pennsylvania, an association organized 
for the protection of game and fish. Mr. 
Verner was a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church. James and Anna (Mur- 
ry) Verner were the parents of five sons 
and five daughters, of which number five 
lived to maturity : Priscilla M., wife of 
Charles C. Scaife ; Amelia, Mrs. Arthur 
Malcolm, of Philadelphia ; James K ; 
Murry A; and M. Scott. Mrs. James 
Verner died April 10, 1881. 

The death of James Verner, which oc- 
curred August 8, 1901, was deeply and 
sincerely mourned by all classes of the 
community. As a business man he might 
truly be called a model, and in all the 
relations of life he was admirable. His 
record both as a business man and a 
citizen is without a blemish. Through- 
out his career he was conspicuously iden- 
tified with Pittsburgh. The promotion 
of her prosperity and power was his ulti- 
mate object in all his enterprises, and 
with prophetic instinct he realized her 
preeminence in the years to come. Pitts- 
burgh to-day has more than justified his 
belief, and among the names which she 
holds in grateful remembrance is that of 
James Verner. 



BRAINARD, Ira P., 

Enterprising Business Man. 

Among well-known Pittsburgh busi- 
ness men is Ira Fitch Brainard, who has 
for nearly half a century been a leader in 
502 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



business affairs in that city. He is a rep- 
resentative of the old Brainard family, 
which was among the earliest settlers 
from England in this country. 

(I) Daniel Brainard, the American an- 
cestor of this family, was brought to 
America when a child of eight years, and 
lived in Hartford, Connecticut. His home 
was with the Wyllys family, and he re- 
mained with them until he had attained 
the age of twenty-one years. After his 
arrival in this country he received a letter 
from his mother in England, in which the 
fam,ily name is spelled Brainwood, so it is 
to be presumed that this was the original 
spelling, but the form of Brainard has 
been retained through the successive 
generations. His name is on record as a 
settler and proprietor of Haddam, Con- 
necticut, in 1669, and he appears to have 
been a man of considerable influence and 
prominence in matters of both church and 
State. He had apparently acquired a 
good education, and served as justice of 
the peace for a number of years. He was 
one of the leading spirits in the building 
of a church, in which he served as a 
deacon. He married (first) Hannah 
Spencer, daughter of Garrard Spencer, of 
Lynn, Massachusetts, and they had chil- 
dren: Daniel, Jr., born March 2, 1665; 
Hannah, born November 20, 1667; James, 
born June 2, 1669; Joshua, born July 20, 
1671 ; William, born March 30, 1673; 
Caleb, born November 20, 1675 ; Elijah, 
see below; Hezekiah, born 1680 or 1681. 
Daniel Brainard married (second) Mrs. 
Hannah Saxton, a widow whose maiden 
name was also Saxton. 

(II) Elijah Brainard, sixth son and 
seventh child of Daniel and Hannah 
(Spencer) Brainard, was born at Had- 
dam, Connecticut, in 1677. He married 
(first) Mary Bushell, by whom he had 
children: Mary, born January 20, 1700; 
Abigail, born June 18, 1702 ; Joseph, born 



January 12, 1704; Elijah, Jr., born Sep- 
tember 27, 1706; Thankful, born July 22, 
1709; Rachel, born May 13, 1712; Jabez, 
born February 19, 171 5. He married 

(second) Margaret , and they were 

the parents of Esther, born August 16, 
1717, and Phineas, of whom below. 

(HI) Phineas Brainard, only son and 
second and youngest child of Elijah and 
Margaret Brainard, was born October 17, 
1720. He married, November 9, 1741, 
Jerusha Towner, and they had children : 
Jerusha, born September 9, 1742 ; Phineas, 
Jr., born March 20, 1744, died in infancy; 
Elizabeth, born March 22, 1745 ; Phineas, 
Jr., born January 2. 1747 ; Esther, born 
March 9, 1749; Henry, see forward; 
Herman, born 1754; and John, born No- 
vember 5, 1757. 

(IV) Henry Brainard, third son and 
sixth child of Phineas and Jerusha 
(Towner) Brainard, was born March i, 

1751. He married Huldah" , and 

had a number of children, among them 
being: George, and Calvin Cone, of 
whom see forward. 

(V) Calvin Cone Brainard, son of 
Henry and Huldah Brainard, married 
Sophia Fitch, and they had several chil- 
dren among them being Ira Fitch, as 
below. 

(VI) Ira Fitch Brainard, son of Calvin 
Cone and Sophia (Fitch) Brainard, was 
born on a farm in Canfield, Mahoning 
county, Ohio, January 8, 1840. He re- 
moved to Boardman, Ohio, in 1849, 
where he attended public and private 
schools, and the academy at Poland, that 
State. His next place of residence was 
Salem, Ohio, to which he removed in the 
spring of 1857, and where he attended 
the high school. He was engaged in busi- 
ness for his father from 1859 until 1862, 
when he left to enter the Army of the 
Cumberland as commissary clerk to Cap- 
tain Jacob Heaton, who was on the staff 



2503 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of General James A. Garfield, late Presi- 
dent of the United States. In 1867 Mr. 
Brainard came to Pittsburgh and entered 
the live stock business, and in which he 
has since been engaged to the present. 
He has been president of the Live Stock 
Exchange for many years ; was one of 
the organizers of the Liberty National 
Bank, and was president for about ten 
years ; organized the Liberty Savings 
Bank ; is a director and large stockholder 
in the Westmoreland Specialty Glass 
Works ; is a large stockholder and presi- 
dent of the Central Stock Yards of Louis- 
ville, Kentucky ; is a member of the firm 
of Brainard Brothers, doing business in 
the Produce Exchange, New York, and 
is a member of the New York Produce 
Exchange. Force and resolution, com- 
bined with a genial disposition, are de- 
picted in his countenance, and his simple, 
dignified and affable manners attract all 
who are brought into contact with him. 
Mr. Brainard is a member of Duquesne 
Lodge, No. 546, Free and Accepted 
Masons ; Pittsburgh Consistory ; Syria 
Temple, Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of 
the Mystic Shrine ; the Duquesne and 
Country clubs ; the Pittsburgh Board of 
Trade ; and the Sons of the American 
Revolution. 

Mr. Brainard married, September i, 
1862, Frances, daughter of Jacob and 
Elizabeth (Potts) Heaton, of Salem, 
Ohio, and they have had children: Ed- 
ward Heaton ; Clifford C, deceased ; and 
James J., of Pittsburgh. 



SAWYER, John H., 

Mannfacturer, Financier. 

One of the strong men of the Old 
Pittsburgh — one of those Titans of trade 
whose heroic proportions seem to dwarf 
their successors of the present day — was 
the late John Hamilton Sawyer. Mr. 



Sawyer was a man who touched life at 
many points, and his great abilities and 
sterling traits of character caused him to 
be regarded by the community with feel- 
ings of admiration. 

John Sawyer, grandfather of John H. 
Sawyer, was born near the city of Boston, 
Massachusetts. His wife's maiden name 
was Porter. Both the parents of Mr. and 
Mrs. Sawyer were among the Pilgrims 
who came to America on the ship 
"Speedwell," and settled near Boston in 
1620. John Sawyer was a soldier in the 
Revolutionary War, and was currier for 
a time to General Washington. He left 
Boston for Ohio, where he purchased a 
tract of land near Hockingport, and his 
name appears among the names of the 
Revolutionary soldiers on a large monu- 
ment erected at Wooster, Ohio. He had 
two brothers who were ministers in the 
Baptist church, to which denomination 
he also belonged. He and his wife were 
the parents of eight children: i. Frances. 
2. Eleanor. 3. Robert, a sailor, lost at 
sea. 4. Samuel. 5. Porter, who became a 
Methodist minister. 6. James. 7. Na- 
thaniel. 8. Benair Clement, see below. 

(II) Benair Clement Sawyer, son of 
John Sawyer, was born in 1791, in Hock- 
ingport, Ohio, and died in i860. He came 
to Pittsburgh in 1812, and learned the 
printer's trade, which he followed for a 
short time. Later in life he embarked in 
business for himself as a manufacturer of 
soap. He took an active part in the affairs 
of the city, and helped organize the Pitts- 
burgh Volunteer Fire Company. He was 
an earnest member of the Trinity Epis- 
copal Church. He married Catherine 
Brooks, born in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, 
who died at the age of fifty-two years. 
Her father was a native of England, and 
her mother a native of Ireland. They 
were married in England, and coming to 
America, settled at Carlisle, Pennsyl- 



2504 




V. r^. '^^.uy^T- 




Jr^uK (ly t_^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



vania. He was a highly educated 
gentleman, and the founder of a seminary 
in which he acted as one of the profes- 
sors. Benair Clement and Catherine 
(Brooks) Sawyer were the parents of six 
children: i. James Brooks Sawyer, an 
attorney of Pittsburgh, who died aged 
thirty years, in 1854, unmarried. 2. 
Robert, died young. 3. Harry, died in 
boyhood. 4. Benair C, who was mayor 
of Pittsburgh in the sixties, and later a 
resident of Los Angeles, California ; mar- 
ried Catherine Aiken, and they had a 
son and three daughters. 5. John Hamil- 
ton, see below. 6. Colonel Nathaniel 
Porter, of Pittsburgh ; died November 
24, 1903; was a member of the soap 
manufacturing firm of B. C. & J. Sawyer, 
and also extensively engaged in real 
estate transactions ; married Margaret 
O'Brien, and their children were: (a) 
John H., of Denver, Colorado, married 
Jean F. Phipps ; (b) William English, de- 
ceased, of Pittsburgh; (c) Henry C. ; (d) 
Mrs. Anna Cora Easton, of Pittsburgh. 

(Ill) John Hamilton Sawyer, son of 
Benair Clement and Catherine (Brooks) 
Sawyer, was born on Third avenue, Pitts- 
burgh, Pennsylvania, September 20, 
1825. He was educated in private schools 
and completed his education in the Uni- 
versity of Western Pennsylvania (now 
University of Pittsburgh), becoming a 
chemist. At the age of twenty-one years 
he was taken into the firm with his 
father, and was engaged in the manu- 
facture of soaps until 1865, when he 
retired from the firm and engaged in the 
real estate business, in which he con- 
tinued until his death. He was one of the 
organizers and president of the Sharps- 
burg and Etna Bank. In politics he was 
a Democrat. His death occurred July 10, 
1877, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 

John Hamilton Sawyer married, Janu- 
ary II, 1855, Miss Jane Frances O'Brien, 

2505 



daughter of John and Mary Elizabeth 
(Evans) O'Brien, of Pittsburgh. A 
biography of John O'Brien, together with 
his and his wife's portraits, appears in 
this work. Mrs. Jane Frances (O'Brien) 
Sawyer was born in Pittsburgh, Penn- 
sylvania, November 10, 1837. Children 
of John Hamilton and Jane Frances 
(O'Brien) Sawyer: i. James Brooks 
Sawyer, born in Allegheny, Pennsylvania, 
(now Northside, Pittsburgh), November 
12, 1856, received a collegiate education 
and read law with Biddle & Ward, of 
Philadelphia ; was later admitted to the 
bar of Allegheny county. 2. John 
O'Brien Sawyer, born in Allegheny, 
Pennsylvania, June 25, 1857, studied 
dentistry with Dr. Spencer; married 
Mary A. Corbett, of Georgetown, and 
they had children : Mary Frances, wife 
of Percival Glenwar Heming, of Pitts- 
burgh, and they have two children, 
Frances Marie and Marjorie Josephine ; 
John Francis, born June 20, 1888, unmar- 
ried ; James Leo, born February 18, 1890, 
unmarried. 



O'BRIEN, John, 

Enterprising Citizen. 

Among pioneer business men of the 
city of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, was the 
late John O'Brien. 

(I) Matthew O'Brien was born in 
Waterford, County Waterford, Ireland, 
in 1740. The family of O'Brien came 
originally from County Clare, Ireland. 
The arms of the O'Brien family are: 
Arms — Quarterly: First and fourth, per 
pale, gu. and or, three lions, counter- 
changed ; second, argent, three piles, gu. ; 
third, argent, a pheon. Crest — Issuing 
out of clouds a naked arm, embowed, the 
hand grasping a sword, all ppr. Motto — 
"The strongest arm uppermost." 

Matthew O'Brien came to Baltimore, 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Maryland, in 1766, but later returned to 
Waterford, Ireland, where he died in 
1783. He married, in Waterford, Ireland, 
in 1766, Alice Clarey, born in Waterford, 
Ireland, in 1748, died in Baltimore, Mary- 
land, in 1768. They had a son, Michael, 
as below. Matthew O'Brien was a mem- 
ber of the Roman Catholic church. 

(II) Michael O'Brien, son of above 
Matthew and Alice (Clarey) O'Brien, 
was born in 1767, in Baltimore, Mary- 
land, but his father returned to Water- 
ford, Ireland, in 1770, where he was 
reared. After the death of his father, in 
Waterford, Michael O'Brien attended 
Dublin College. When aged twenty- 
three years he returned to Baltimore, 
Maryland. He was by profession an 
architect, but the demand for such work 
not being great, he embarked in the 
produce business in Baltimore, Maryland. 
He came in June, 1806, to Fort Pitt (now 
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania), where his 
death occurred June 23, 1815. Michael 
O'Brien married, December i, 1791, Mar- 
garet Houck, born 1770, in Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania. She was a noted singer of 
her day, and sang in St. John's Roman 
Catholic Church (the first building), 
Philadelphia, until married. She came to 
Baltimore in 1790, and sang the first 
mass ever read by Bishop Carroll as the 
first Bishop of the United States of 
America. The Houck family was an old> 
German family of Philadelphia, and came 
originally from Baden Baden, Germany. 
Margaret (Houck) O'Brien had a 
brother in the Revolutionary War, who 
formed a company and was made its 
captain ; he lost a leg at the battle of 
the Brandywine. Margaret (Houck) 
O'Brien, after the death of her husband, 
resided on what was known as the Four- 
teen Mile Island, in the Allegheny river. 
Her death occurred July 21, 1854, in 
Latrobe, Pennsylvania. Michael and 



Margaret (Houck) O'Brien were the 
parents of the following children: i. 
John, see below. 2. William, born July 
21, 1794, in Baltimore; died in 1884. 3. 
Michael, born May 18, 1796, in Balti- 
more ; died in 1873. 4. Mary, born No- 
vember 6, 1797, in Baltimore ; died July 
7, 1798. 5. Joseph, born July 21, 1799, in 
Baltimore; died July 21, 1800. 6. James, 
born May 20, 1802, in Baltimore ; died in 
1881. 7. Joseph, born October 9, 1803, in 
Baltimore; died in 1878. 8. Matthew, 
born July 24, 1805, in Baltimore ; died 
May 9, 1813. 9. Mary, born May 3, 1807; 
became the wife of John Haffey, of Pitts- 
burgh, and died in 1853. 10. Samuel, born 
September 3, 1810, in Pittsburgh ; died 
December 8, 1868. 11. Thomas, born 
December i, 1813, in Pittsburgh; died in 
1849. 

(Ill) John O'Brien, son of Michael 
and Margaret (Houck) O'Brien, was 
born in Baltimore, Maryland, December 
16, 1792, and died in Pittsburgh, Penn- 
sylvania, November 3, 1886. He received 
his education in a private school in Bal- 
timore, under William O'Brien, who was 
afterwards ordained by Bishop Carroll 
and sent to Fort Pitt (now Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania). John O'Brien, at the age 
of fourteen, came to Pittsburgh, arriving 
after two weeks travel in a Dearborn 
carriage, June 20, 1806. His father died 
soon after his arrival in Pittsburgh, and 
the widow reared the family. John 
O'Brien learned the carpenter's trade and 
became a master carpenter or carriage 
builder at the early age of twenty-one 
years. He was also an architect and 
surveyor, and helped build the United 
States Arsenal in Pittsburgh, continuing 
in the employ of the government for 
twenty-five years. Later he engaged in 
the real estate business, and had much 
valuable property in the city. He was a 
stockholder in the Pittsburgh, the Ex- 



2506 



I 




nC'>'>/ S./^'<M>-t 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



change, the Merchants' & Manufacturers', 
the Mechanics', the Iron City and Alle- 
gheny banks. John O'Brien was a mem- 
ber of St. Patrick's, the first Roman 
Catholic church erected in Pittsburgh, 
and was active in all that tended to im- 
prove the city. He built his residence 
on Thirty-ninth street, in 1832, and died 
there, at the advanced age of ninety-five 
years. John O'Brien married (first) 
February 16, 1817, in Pittsburgh, Penn- 
sylvania, Ann Leslie, born October 4, 
1799, in Brownsville, Pennsylvania, died 
December 22, 1830, in Pittsburgh. They 
had four children: i. James, born April 
10, 1818, died September i, 185 1 ; mar- 
ried, February 15, 1841, Sarah Cantwell, 
born in Pittsburgh, April 6, 1820, died 
January 30, 1849; they had four children: 
(a) William C, born in Pittsburgh, Oc- 
tober 7, 1841, died September 19, 1867, 
in Galveston, Texas, after serving four 
years in the Civil War, in which he was 
wounded; (b) Ann Elvira, born January 
3, 1844, died March 18, 1847; (c) Mary 
Lavenia, born March 13, 1845, died in 
Freiburg, Germany, July 4, 1878, mar- 
ried G. W. Schmidt, of Pittsburgh, and 
left one son, G. W. Schmidt, Jr., born 
March 7, 1874, died April i, 1905; (d) 
Sylvester Day, born November 9, 1846, 
died March 12, 1849. 2. Margarette, 
born August 25, 1820, died November 10, 
1836. 3. John, born June 22, 1825, died 
August 21, 1834. 4. Lewis, born June 27, 
1830, died March 30, 1831. John O'Brien 
married (second) October 14, 1832, Mary 
Elizabeth Evans, born January 6, 1798, 
in Fauquier county, Virginia, and reared 
in Shepherdstown, Jefferson county (now 
West Virginia), died in Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania, March 8, 1881. She was 
a daughter of David and Elizabeth 
(Chance) Evans. William Chance, the 
father of Elizabeth (Chance) Evans, 
came to the United States of America 



and settled in Loudoun county, Virginia, 
where he owned a large tract of land ; he 
married Elizabeth Melzou. The brother 
of William Chance was knighted Sir 
Jerry Chance, in Worcester, England. 
Children of John and Mary Elizabeth 
(Evans) O'Brien: i. John William, see 
below. 2. Jane Frances, who became the 
wife of the late John Hamilton Sawyer, 
of Pittsburgh, whose biography is else- 
where in this work. 

(IV) John William O'Brien, son of 
John and Mary Elizabeth (Evans) 
O'Brien, was born in Pittsburgh, October 
3, 1834, died January 5, 1895. He married, 
September 12, 1870, Catherine Janet, born 
August II, 1853, died April 29, 1879, 
daughter of John and Mary Ann 
(Johns) Kearns, of Pittsburgh. John 
William and Catherine Janet (Kearns) 
O'Brien were the parents of children : 
William, born October 21, 1872, died 
April 7, 1876; James Vick, see below; 
Thomas H., born October 28, 1878, died 
March 3, 1908; married Katherine Geo- 
ghegan, June 28, 1905, had a son, John 
Vick, born March 27, 1906. 

(V) James Vick O'Brien, born May 26, 
1876, in Pittsburgh, son of the late John 
William and Catherine Janet (Kearns) 
O'Brien ; professor of musical composition 
and conductor of orchestra at Carnegie In- 
stitute, Pittsburgh ; also in charge of the 
department of music there ; University 
of Notre Dame, 1896-98; organist of Holy 
Rosary Church, 1899-1902 ; conductor of 
Vick's Orchestra and Duquesne Greys' 
Military Band, 1899-1902; Stern's Con- 
servatory of Music ; Hoch Schule, 
Berlin. Also privately with Professors 
Englebert Humperdinck, Frederick E. 
Koch, Carl Thiel and Jose Vianna Da 
Motta, of Berlin, 1902-1912; Carnegie 
Institute from 1912 to the present time; 
Democrat in politics ; member Knights of 
Columbus Club, Pittsburgh Musical Soci- 



PEN-Vol VII-18 



2507 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ety, Pittsburgh Art Society, Pittsburgh 
Athletic Association and "Musicians Club 
of Pittsburgh." He married, in London, 
England, September 28, 1909, Ann M. 
(Swan) O'Brien, born in Pittsburgh, 
January 8, 1885, daughter of James L. 
and Ann R. (McConville) Swan, and 
they have one child, Virginia Jane 
O'Brien, born June 28, 1910, in Berlin, 
Germany. 



GRAHAM, Robert F., 

Skilled in Corporation litter. 

Among those Pittsburgh lawyers 
whose professional careers are co-eval 
with the twentieth century, is Robert 
Fleming Graham, especially well known 
as a corporation counsel. Mr. Graham 
has loyally chosen as the scene of his 
labors the city which has been his home 
during half his life and with whose lead- 
ing interests he is thoroughly identified. 

Hugh Graham, great-great-grandfather 
of Robert Fleming Graham, was a de- 
scendant of Scottish ancestors, and was 
born in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania. 
In his youth he was captured by Indians, 
but succeeded in escaping from the 
savages and making his way home. Dur- 
ing the remainder of his life he was 
engaged in agricultural pursuits in his 
native county. He married Margaret 
Kennedy, and among their sons were 
Robert, mentioned below ; John, and 
George. The two last named were sol- 
diers in a Pennsylvania regiment during 
the Revolutionary War, George being at 
one time taken prisoner by the enemy. 
He later settled in South Carolina, John 
making his home at New Albany, Indiana, 
which town he surveyed and laid out, 
and where many of his descendants re- 
side at the present day. 

(II) Robert, son of Hugh and Mar- 
garet (Kennedy) Graham, was born 



about 1760, and until 1800 cultivated 
land in Lancaster county. In that year 
he moved to Butler county, Pennsylvania, 
where he conducted a tannery and traded 
extensively with the Indians. In the War 
of 1812 he served as a "Dunny Money" 
volunteer, and after the close of the war 
moved to Elizabeth township, Allegheny 
county, where he passed the remainder 
of his life. In politics he was a Whig. 
Robert Graham married Margaret, 
daughter of Colonel Thomas Gilchrist, 
who had won his military title in the war 
for independence, and had received from 
the government a tract of about five 
hundred acres in Butler county. Mr. and 
Mrs. Graham were the parents of six 
children, of whom John K., mentioned 
below, was the youngest. The death of 
Mrs. Graham occurred in 1839, and the 
following year her husband also passed 
away. 

(HI) John K., son of Robert and Mar- 
garet (Gilchrist) Graham, was born in 
1815, in Butler county, Pennsylvania, and 
was a child when his parents removed to 
Allegheny county. Inheriting a portion 
of the homestead, he made it his hom,e 
for the greater part of his life. He caused 
the buildings of the estate to be remodel- 
ed, and was at one time a farmer upon an 
extensive scale, later disposing of a part 
of his property. He was first a Whig 
and then a Republican. He was at one 
time an elder in the Associate Reformed 
church, and subsequently held the same 
office in the United Presbyterian church. 
Mr. Graham married (first) Mary Ann, 
daughter of John and Margaret (Cal- 
houn) Calhoun, and their children were: 
John Calhoun, mentioned below; Adly, 
died in childhood ; and Robert, also died 
in childhood. Mrs. Graham died about 
1852, and Mr. Graham married (second) 
Eliza Rankin, becoming by this union 
the father of the following children: 



2.;o8 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Samuel A. ; Sarah J. ; Mary Ann, died in 
childhood ; Eliza M., also died in child- 
hood ; and Margaret C, died at the age 
of twenty-two years. Mr. Graham sur- 
vived to the venerable age of ninety-two, 
passing away in 1907. 

(IV) John Calhoun, son of John K. 
and Mary Ann (Calhoun) Graham, was 
born in October, 1845, attended the local 
schools, and after his marriage made his 
home on a portion of the homestead. In 
1874 he moved to Connellsville, Fayette 
county, and there owned a flouring mill 
which he operated at different times on 
both banks of the Youghiogheny river. 
In politics he was a Republican, and he 
and his wife were members of the United 
Presbyterian church. Mr. Graham mar- 
ried Margaret Fleming, whose ancestral 
record is appended to this biography, and 
their children were : Robert Fleming, 
mentioned below ; William C, principal 
of the high school at Wilkinsburg, Penn- 
sylvania ; Mary C, died September 16, 
1897 ; and James B., chief inspector of 
the National Tube Company, of Loraine, 
Ohio. Mr. Graham died in 1884, ere he 
had completed his fortieth year. He was 
a man of high principle and irreproach- 
able life. 

(V) Robert Fleming, son of John Cal- 
houn and Margaret (Fleming) Graham, 
was born May 19, 1871, in Elizabeth 
township, Allegheny county, Pennsyl- 
vania, and received his earliest education 
in the public schools, afterward attend- 
ing Mount Pleasant Academy. Subse- 
quently he matriculated at Tarkio Col- 
lege, Missouri, graduating in 1894. 

After returning to Pennsylvania, Mr. 
Graham was for several years an instruc- 
tor in Mount Pleasant, McKeesport and 
Pittsburgh, but his predominant inclina- 
tion was for the law, and as soon as 
circumstances permitted he registered as 
a student in the office of James H. Beal. 
On March 22, 1902, he was admitted to 



the bar. Immediately thereafter Mr. 
Graham entered upon the active duties 
of his profession, building up, by dint of 
native ability and thorough equipment, a 
successful general practice. He is attor- 
ney for the McKeesport school district 
and several corporations, having be- 
stowed special attention upon the study 
of corporation law. He is a member of 
the Allegheny County Bar Association, 
and is known as a typical Pittsburgh 
lawyer of the present day — clever, clear- 
thinking, devoted to duty, and withal a 
cultured man of genial and dignified 
manners. 

In the realm of politics Mr. Graham, 
in accordance with his family tradition, 
adheres to the Republican party. He 
affiliates with lodge, chapter and com- 
mandery in the Masonic fraternity, be- 
longs to the Youghiogheny Country Club, 
and is an elder in the United Presby- 
terian church. 

Mr. Graham married, June 21, 1904, 
Mary Elizabeth Patterson, whose ances- 
tral record is appended to this biography, 
and they have been the parents of two 
sons : Robert Patterson, born March 5, 
1906, died at the age of five years ; and 
John Kenneth, born August 6, 1908. Mrs. 
Graham is a woman of charming per- 
sonality, a favorite in society and well 
fitted to be, as she is, the presiding 
genius of a happy home. 

Robert Fleming Graham, as a repre- 
sentative of a family which has been 
active in the development of the best 
interests of Pennsylvania, is worthily 
upholding, as a member of the Pittsburgh 
bar, the hereditary traditions of able 
service and good citizenship. 

(The Fleming Line). 

The Flemings, a noble family of Scot- 
land, assisted greatly in placing Robert 
Bruce upon the throne, and in conse- 
quence enjoyed the special favor of that 



2509 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



monarch. A branch subsequently mi- 
grated to Ireland and later was trans- 
planted to the United States. 

(I) Robert Fleming, grandfather of 
Mrs. Margaret (Fleming) Graham, was a 
native of Ireland, and at some time prior 
to 1820 came to the United States, set- 
tling in East Deer township, Allegheny 
county, Pennsylvania. He gained title 
to a farm, in this neighborhood and there 
spent his remaining years. 

(II) Robert (2), son of Robert (i) 
Fleming, was born on this farm and at 
his father's death inherited a portion 
thereof, making it his lifelong home. He 
and his wife were first members of the 
Associate Reformed church, and later of 
the United Presbyterian church. Robert 
Fleming married Elizabeth Jack, and 
their children were : Sarah ; Annie ; Mar- 
garet, mentioned below; Cynthia Mary; 
and Annetta. 

(III) Margaret, daughter of Robert 
(2) and Elizabeth (Jack) Fleming, was 
born in August, 1846, in Allegheny 
county, Pennsylvania, and became the 
wife of John Calhoun Graham, as stated 
above. 

(The Patterson Line). 

(I) Peter Patterson, grandfather of 
Mrs. Mary Elizabeth (Patterson) Gra- 
ham, was a machine manufacturer of Jed- 
burgh, Scotland, and married Isabella 
Burns. 

(II) Peter (2), son of Peter (i) and 
Isabella (Burns) Patterson, was born 
May 12, 1842, in Jedburgh, Roxburgh- 
shire, Scotland, and received his educa- 
tion in the schools of Edinburgh and 
Glasgow. He became an expert in ma- 
chine construction, emigrated to the 
United States and in 1871 associated 
himself with the National Tube Com- 
pany of Pittsburgh, having charge of all 
their construction work. It was under 
his direction that their many enormous 



plants were erected. Peter Patterson 
married Mary Rae, and their daughter, 
Mary Elizabeth, is mentioned below. 
The death of Mr. Patterson occurred 
October 30, 1912. 

(HI) Mary Elizabeth, daughter of 
Peter (2) and Mary (Rae) Patterson, is 
now the wife of Robert Fleming Graham, 
as stated above. 



HARTON, George M., 
Ii«ir7er. 

Prominent among representative Pitts- 
burgh attorneys is George M. Harton. 
He was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsyl- 
vania, a son of the late Theodore Mar- 
shall and Emily (Rinehart) Harton. His 
education was received in the schools and 
high schools of his native city, and was 
graduated from Adrian College, with the 
degree of Bachelor of Philosophy in 
1891 ; in 1892 he was graduated from the 
University of Michigan with the degree 
of Bachelor of Laws. Mr. Harton was 
admitted to the bar of Allegheny county 
in December, 1892, and opened a law 
office in January, 1893, since which time 
he has been continuously practicing law 
in Pittsburgh. Not content with a legal 
practice which would satisfy the am- 
bition of most men, Mr. Harton is active- 
ly associated with a variety of interests, 
among them being the presidency of the 
Augusta Veneer Company, and the presi- 
dency of Randall Rotary Power Plug 
Company. In all things pertaining to 
the welfare and advancement of Pitts- 
burgh Mr. Harton has ever taken a 
public-spirited interest. Politically he is 
a Republican, and, while he has never 
consented to hold office, has rendered 
loyal and influential support to all meas- 
ures which, in his judgment, tended to 
promote good government and further 
the cause of municipal reform. He is a 



2510 





.^, ^^4^J^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



member of the Pittsburgh Athletic Asso- 
ciation, the Masonic order and the Sigma 
Alpha Epsilon fraternity of his college. 
Genial and companionable, he is en- 
dowed with the capacity for feeling and 
inspiring ardent and enduring friendship. 
He is one of the prominent attorneys of 
Pittsburgh, and has established an en- 
viable reputation as a lawyer of broad 
legal knowledge, administrative ability, 
acquaintance with the affairs of the day 
and, above all, the courage of his con- 
victions. 

Mr. Harton married, May 3, 1905, Miss 
Carice, daughter of George C. and Jessie 
(Finley) Newman, of Mechanicsburg, 
Ohio. The Newman and Finley families 
are old Ohio families, being among the 
States' early settlers, and numbering 
among their number many clergymen and 
merchants. Children of Mr. and Mrs. 
Harton: Ruth Emily; George M., Jr., 
born October 23, 1912. 



RINEHART, David, 

Mannfacinrer. 

David Rinehart, of Pittsburgh, Penn- 
sylvania, was born near Pittsburgh in 
1810, the location being part of what is 
now known as Calhoun Park. His death 
occurred in Morgantown, West Virginia, 
July, 1881. He was a son of David and 
Mary (Mahood) Rinehart. His educa- 
tion was limited to what could be obtain- 
ed in the public schools, which, at that 
early date, were very poorly equipped. 
In 1836 Mr. Rinehart became associated 
with his brother, the late William Rine- 
hart (whose biography, containing a full 
account of the Rinehart ancestry, is else- 
where in this work), in the tobacco busi- 
ness, under the firm name of W. & D. 
Rinehart. They opened up business on 
Hand street (now Ninth street) where 
they continued for some time, afterwards 



removing to Irwin street (now Seventh 
street), removing, in i860, to Wood street 
in a building now occupied by the First 
National Bank, from which location they 
moved to Wood street, opposite the First 
Presbyterian Church, where they con- 
tinued until 1872, when they removed to 
the corner of Short and Water streets, 
continuing there until the death of the 
senior partner, which occurried January 
9, 1880, when the firm was dissolved. 

In politics Mr. Rinehart was an "old 
line Whig" until the Republican party 
was founded, when he became a Repub- 
lican. Early in the history of the Meth- 
odist Protestant church, after it seceded 
from the Methodist Episcopal church, in 
1828, Mr. Rinehart united with the new 
body and remained a consistent member 
of the First Methodist Protestant Church 
until his death. 

He married, in Pittsburgh, Eliza Jane 
Ing, born in Baltimore, January 14, 1819, 
died in Pittsburgh, August 24, 1892 ; she 
was the daughter of John Ing, who was 
born in England, in August, 1791, a har- 
ness maker by occupation, and his wife, 
Elizabeth Brennan, born February 20, 
1800, in Pittsburgh. David and Eliza 
Jane (Ing) Rinehart were the parents of 
the following children: i. Emily, born 
July II, 1840, educated in public schools 
and Pittsburgh Female College, married 
(first) April 24, 1861, Theodore Marshall 
Harton, who died in 1866, leaving three 
children ; married (second) John J. Saint, 
and died March 20, 1904. 2. George W., 
born March 10, 1842, served during the 
Civil War from 1861 to 1865, was prisoner 
of war at Libby, Bull Run and Anderson 
prisons, came back to Pittsburgh in 1865 
and died February 8, 1868. 3. Mary, born 
December 11, 1843, niarried James McN. 
Reinhart, died November 5, 1899. 4. 
Elizabeth, born October 31, 1845, married 
William D. King. 5. William, born Feb- 



2511 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ruary 19, 1848, died in infancy. 6. Maria, 
born March 2, 1849, graduated at Pitts- 
burgh Female College, married George W. 
Lazear, January 6, 1870. 7. Anna, born 
March 19, 1851, died in infancy. 8. 
Florence, born February 3, 1852, died in 
1897. 9. Bertha, born July 6, 1856. died in 
infancy. 10. Ida, born August 6, 1861, 
married William Rodgers. 11. Thomas, 
born August 6, 1861, died in infancy. 12. 
Isaac, born April 26, 1865, died March 
20, 1870. 

The Mahoods (from whom Mrs. David 
Rinehart, St., was descended) are an old 
Scotch family, who settled in the North 
of Ireland during the time of the oppres- 
sion, settling around County Armagh, 
where members of the same family are 
even now settled. They moved over to 
this country very early in the last cen- 
tury, coming to Pennsylvania in 1801. 



JONES, William W., 

Physician, Hospital Official. 

Among the leading representatives of 
Pittsburgh physicians of the older gener- 
ation must be included Dr. William Wat- 
son Jones, who has devoted himself for 
more than a third of a century to the 
general practice of his profession. Ex- 
cellence in that profession has been asso- 
ciated with the name of Jones for two 
generation, and in two States of the 
Union. 

(I) Lemuel Jones, great-grandfather of 
William Watson Jones, was a native of 
Wales, and emigrated to the United 
States, where he settled in Virginia, be- 
coming a farmer and merchant. He was 
twice married, the name of his first wife 
being Catherine. Another great-grand- 
son of Lemuel Jones, who is also a phy- 
sician, is Dr. Randolph Winslow, of 
Baltimore. 

(II) Samuel Jones, son of Lemuel and 

25 



Catherine Jones, married Elizabeth Jor- 
dan. 

(III) Dr. Matthew Oliver Jones, son 
of Samuel and Elizabeth (Jordan) Jones, 
was born May 5, 1822, in Southampton 
county, Virginia, and was educated at 
the Friends' Boarding School, Mount 
Pleasant, Ohio. After reading medicine 
and attending one course of lectures at 
the University of Pennsylvania he prac- 
ticed for seven years in Brownsville, 
Pennsylvania. At the end of that time 
he returned to the University of Penn- 
sylvania and in 1850 graduated with the 
degree of Doctor of Medicine. Immedi- 
ately thereafter Dr. Jones returned to 
Brownsville, where he practiced general 
medicine and surgery until 1861. In that 
year he came to Pittsburgh, but went 
to Chicago in 1876, remaining four years, 
and then returning to Pittsburgh. In 
that city he practiced for many years, 
noted as a surgeon and obstetrician. He 
served on the staff of the Passavant Hos- 
pital, and was a charter member and 
first vice-president of the Allegheny 
County Medical Society. Dr. Jones was 
a Republican, and a member of the So- 
ciety of Friends, and to his immortal 
honor be it said that he was one of the 
workers on the "Underground Railroad." 
Dr. Jones married, in 1851, Margaret C, 
daughter of Elisha and Elizabeth (Cock) 
Bennett, of Brownsville, Pennsylvania. 
The Bennetts were of Chester county, 
Pennsylvania, and the Cocks were an 
English family. Dr. and Mrs. Jones were 
the parents of a son and a daughter: 
William Watson, mentioned below ; and 
Elizabeth Bennett, of Pittsburgh. It 
was in that city that Dr. Jones died, 
December 21, 1907. 

(IV) Dr. William Watson Jones, son 
of Dr. Matthew Oliver and Margaret C. 
(Bennett) Jones, was born February 5, 
1852, at Brownsville, Fayette county, 

12 




Y(v-V\(-. 





,£ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Pennsylvania, and received his prepara- 
tory education in public schools, after- 
ward entering Earlham College, Rich- 
mond, Indiana, and graduating in 1874 
with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. He 
was fitted for his profession in the Medi- 
cal Department of the University of Penn- 
sylvania, receiving, in 1878, the degree of 
Doctor of Medicine. 

After serving two years as interne at 
the West Pennsylvania Hospital, Pitts- 
burgh, Dr. Jones, in April, 1880, began 
practice in Allegheny, now North Side, 
Pittsburgh. He has in the course of years 
built up an extensive clientele, acquiring 
at the same time an assured reputation 
both with the members of his profession 
and with the general public. He has 
been since March, 1881, examining phy- 
sician for the Provident Life Insurance 
Company, and since 1883 has served as 
physician in charge of the Protestant 
Orphan Asylum of Pittsburgh and Alle- 
gheny. He is a member of the stafif of 
the Presbyterian Hospital. The profes- 
sional organizations to which Dr. Jones 
belongs are the Allegheny County Med- 
ical Society, the Pennsylvania State Med- 
ical Association, and the American 
Medical Association. 

In politics Dr. Jones is a Republican 
and, despite the engrossing demands of 
his profession, has never failed in the 
faithful discharge of the duties of citizen- 
ship. He is a director of the Dollar Sav- 
ings & Trust Company. His religious 
affiliations are with the Society of 
Friends. 

Any description of the personality and 
appearance of Dr. Jones would be clear- 
ly superfluous in a work of this character. 
They are familiar to two generations of 
Pittsburghers and the pencil of the artist 
will make his features known to posterity. 

Dr. Jones married, April 14, 1881, Han- 
nah M., daughter of Marshall and Han- 



nah (McCreery) Short, Mr. Short being 
a farmer of Washington county, Penn- 
sylvania. Dr. and Mrs. Jones are the 
parents of two daughters : Virginia, 
educated in Pittsburgh schools and at 
Bryn Mawr College ; and Margaret Ben- 
nett, a graduate of Pittsburgh schools. 
Mrs. Jones, a thoughtful, cultured woman 
of inherent strength of character, has 
ever been her husband's true comrade 
and best helper, and the time which the 
calls of duty permit Dr. Jones to spend 
in his home are his happiest and most 
restful hours. 

On January 11, 1916, Dr. Jones was 
elected president of the Allegheny 
County Medical Society, having the solid 
support of the members of the Alumni 
Association of the University of Penn- 
sylvania. The event was a memorable 
one, constituting an epoch in the history 
of this representative organization. The 
feeling which prompted this tribute on 
the part of his professional brethren is 
shared by the community which honors 
Dr. Jones both as physician and citizen. 



HAYDON, James C, 

Enterprising Citizen. 

There are now few, very few, individual 
coal operators left in the anthracite coal 
district, but during the sixties and seven- 
ties there were many to whom the little 
"Coal Baron" was applied not in an offen- 
sive sense, but to indicate their rank as 
producers and operators in the coal field. 
One of the last of these to disappear was 
James C. Haydon, of Jeanesville and 
Hazleton, Pennsylvania, a prominent 
operator until the railroads and coal com- 
panies purchased the coal mines. He was 
also an influential manufacturer and well- 
known in the large eastern cities. 

James C. Haydon was born in Philadel- 
phia, on December 5, 1833, died at Jeanes- 



2513 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ville, Pennsylvania, May 26, 1915. His 
youth was spent in Philadelphia, where 
he attended public schools, and later en- 
tered Burlington College at Burlington, 
New Jersey, there completing his educa- 
tion. He became a practical civil engi- 
neer, and from 1852 until 1857 was en- 
gaged on railroad surveying and con- 
struction. He was with the Northern 
Pennsylvania, 1852-55, until the comple- 
tion of that road to Bethlehem, Pennsyl- 
vania. From 1855 until 1857 he was in 
the employ of the Lehigh Valley Railroad, 
under Robert H. Sayre. He abandoned 
railroad engineering in 1857, and the 
same year became superintendent of the 
Buck Mountain Coal Company's mine at 
Rockport, Pennsylvania, their breakers 
there then being furnished with power 
by a water wheel twenty-five feet "in 
diameter. He continued with that com- 
pany for ten years, becoming thoroughly 
familiar with anthracite coal mining and 
marketing, and forming a wide acquaint- 
ance in the coal fields. 

In 1867 he became interested in the 
organization of the Spring Mountain Coal 
Company at Jeanesville, Pennsylvania, in 
association with Governor Randolph, of 
New Jersey, and others, and after that 
company was organized operated their 
mines as superintendent until 1874, their 
property comprising about eight hundred 
acres of coal bearing land, several mines 
in operation, and two and a half miles of 
railroad extending from Coleraine to 
Jeanesville, which was bought in 1874 by 
the Lehigh Valley Railroad Company. 
After the sale, Mr. Haydon, who was 
then considered one of the best author- 
ities on coal mines and mining, formed a 
partnership with Francis Robinson, of 
New York, and leased the mines from the 
Lehigh Valley Coal Company, operating 
the mines very profitably until 1894, also 
conducting an office under the firms name 

25 



of Robinson, Haydon & Company, at No. 
I Broadway, New York City, for the sale 
of their product and general transaction 
of their business. In 1894 the Lehigh 
Valley Coal Company repurchased the 
lease, and paid Robinson, Haydon & 
Company for all improvements they had 
installed, Mr. Haydon then retiring from 
coal mining business. 

In 1894 he organized the Jeanesville 
Iron Works Company, erected a plant 
for the manufacture of hydraulic machin- 
ery, conducting a prosperous business at 
Jeanesville until 1903, when the company 
moved its works to Hazleton, erecting 
on a twenty acre plot a large modern 
plant employing two hundred men. Mr. 
Haydon continued his connection with 
the company until his death, and was 
interested in other Hazleton enterprises. 

He was charitable and philanthropic in 
a quiet way, contributed liberally to the 
church, and always willing to aid good 
causes. He did not make a selfish use 
of his wealth, but had a helping hand for 
those less fortunate than he, and was ex- 
tremely public spirited where the inter- 
ests of his community were concerned. 
He was a member of the Episcopal 
church, and was a warm, friend of St. 
Peter's Parish, Hazleton, and vestryman 
for many years. He held membership in 
leading clubs in New York City, Phila- 
delphia and Washington, D. C. ; in the 
Westmoreland Club of Wilkes-Barre, the 
Country Club of Hazleton, the Hazleton 
Club, the New York Yacht Club, and 
the Union League Club of Philadelphia. 
He confined his energy to his business 
and never accepted political office. His 
friends were legion, and everywhere he 
was known he was held in high esteem 
for his many sterling qualities, his up- 
right life and social graces. 

Mr. Haydon married, in St. Peter's 
Episcopal Church, Philadelphia, October 

14 





trA&e.^*.\'i.J 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



28, 1858, Ellen F. Newton, born April 28, 
1835, daughter of Baxter B. and Flora 
Newton, of Norwich, Vermont. Mrs. 
Haydon survives her husband, with 
whom she spent fifty-five years of happy 
married life, and resides at Jeanesville. 
Three children were born to them: 
Percy Howard, deceased ; Bertha, mar- 
ried John G. Morris, and resides at 
Haverford, Pennsylvania ; Mary, married 
John V. Hansen, of Washington, D. C. 



BENNER, Thomas M., Jr., 

Lawyer, Public Official. 

The history of the legal profession in 
Pittsburgh is the history of a force not 
less potent than that of its factories and 
furnaces. Prominent among the younger 
generation of attorneys is Thomas M. 
Benner. 

Thomas M. Benner was born in Alle- 
gheny City (now North Side, Pittsburgh) 
May 7, 1873, son of Thomas M. and Mary 
(Armstrong) Benner, the former a native 
of Tioga county, Pennsylvania, who spent 
his entire life in Allegheny county and 
for many years was connected with the 
iron industry of Pittsburgh. During the 
Civil War, Thomas M. Benner, Sr., 
served in the iioth Regiment Pennsyl- 
vania Volunteers, and later was promi- 
nently identified with the Grand Army of 
the Republic, being a member of Post 
No. 88, of Allegheny, until his death, 
May 28, 1898. Mary Armstrong Benner, 
wife of Thomas